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Page 19 text:
member, Senator George F. Hoar, in 1904. The first major alumni assistance to the Institute began in 1905 with the purchase of land on West Street for the construction of an athletic field. A group of alumni also purchased in 1906, the corner prop¬ erty at Salisbury and Boynton Streets to enlarge the campus. Changes in staff included the retirement of John E. Sinclair, the addition of Ray- Campus at the turn of the century mond K. Morley in Mathematics, Carl D. Knight, Frarcis J. Adams, and Clarence A. Pierce in Electrical Engineering, Fran¬ cis W. Roys in Mechanical Engineering, Arthur J. Knight in Civil Engineering, Morton Masius in Physics, Charles J. Adams in English and Burton L. Gray in foundry practice. Dr. Walter L. Jen¬ nings became head of the Chemistry de¬ partment following the death of Dr. Kinnicutt in 1911. Dr. Levi L. Conant served as acting president from 1911 to 1913. During this period the alumni began a campaign for $300,000 to build the athletic field and gymnasium. The former was completed in 1914, and the latter in 1916. The In¬ stitute also received, in 1912, an increase in the State grant to $50,000 a year. The fifth president, Dr. Ira Nelso n Hollis, 1913-1925, came from Harvard University, where he had been professor of engineering. He was a prominent member of the profession, and in 1916 became president of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Two major crises marked his administration at the Institute. One was the war period, dur¬ ing which Worcester became a war college. The other was a critical need for endow¬ ment, following the cessation of the State grant. Dr. Hollis and prominent alumni carried on a vigorous campaign in 1920, which increased the invested funds by $1,500,000. Of this amount, $350,000 came from the General Education Board, and $375,000 from industries to establish scholarships, the balance from alumni and friends. Three large bequests were re¬ ceived during this twelve-year period, the Charles Allen fund of $160,000, the Al- zirus Brown scholarship fund of $140,000, and the estate of Elmer P. Howe, ’71, amounting to nearly $200,000. Dr. Hollis retired in 1925. To succeed him the Trustees selected Ralph Earle, a former member of the class of 1895, and graduate of the U. S. Naval Academy. During the war he had held the rank of rear admiral and had given distinguished service as chief of the Bureau of Ordi¬ nance, U.S.N. Admiral Earle’s delightful personality immediately won the respect and admiration of faculty, students and alumni. Three tasks confronted him: to expand and improve campus facilities, to The old Test Car PEDDLER
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Among new members of the staff who were to become well known teachers were Dr. Leonard P. Kinnicutt, in 1882, a graduate of M. I. T., as professor of Chemistry; George H. White, ’76, as pro¬ fessor of Civil Engineering; and U. Waldo Cutler, ’74, who later became professor of English. George H. Haynes, a graduate of Amherst, William W. Bird and Joseph 0. Phelon, W. P. I. graduates, joined the staff in 1887. Bird became head of the Mechanical Engineering department and Phelon a professor of Electrical Engineer- Massachusetts also granted scholarship funds to the Institute beginning in 1896, which continued in increasing amounts un¬ til 1922. Few other gifts were received during the Mendenhall tenure, 1894-1901. Among new members of the faculty dur¬ ing this period were Charles M. Allen in Hydraulics, Harold B. Smith as head of the new department of Electrical Engi¬ neering, Arthur W. French as head of the department of Civil Engineering and A. Wilmer Duff as head of the department of Physics. Mr. Higgins, Professor Alden Alclen Hydraulic Laboratory ing. Alton L. Smith, ’90, and Zelotes W. Coombs, Amherst, ’88, both to become dis¬ tinguished teachers, were added in 1890. Levi L. Conant succeeded T. E. N. Eaton as professor of Mathematics in 1891. Dr. Fuller was succeeded in 1894 by Dr. Thomas Corwin Mendenhall, former superintendent of the U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. Early in his adminis¬ tration the construction of the Engineering Laboratories, Power House, Hydraulics Laboratory and President’s house were completed from funds given by the State. and Professor Gladwin resigned. Edmund A. Engler, former dean of en¬ gineering at Washington University, was the fourth president, from 1901 to 1911. Two buildings, the Foundry in 1902 and the Electrical Engineering Laboratories in 1907, were built during his administra¬ tion. The latter was financed from a be¬ quest of $200,000 from Stephen Salisbury, who died in 1905. He was succeeded as president of the Board by Charles G. Washburn, who had previously served as treasurer. The Board also lost its senior W . P . I
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strengthen the financial structure, and to build morale. He gave himself vigorously to accomplishing all three. The first improvement was the beauti¬ fication of the campus, including care of trees, new walks and grading. Early in 1926 the swimming pool in the gymna¬ sium, left unfinished ten years before, was completed through the generosity of H. J. Fuller, ’95, and J. E. Aldred. Immediately thereafter, the trustees and the family of R. Sanford Riley, ’96, contributed funds for the erection of the dormitory for fresh¬ men. Sanford Riley Hall was ready for occupancy in 1927. Field buildings and steel bleachers were erected on Alumni Field and many items of equipment were added. President Earle revived daily chapel and secured funds for monthly assembly lec¬ tures. He also persuaded members of the classes of 1885 and 1886 to remodel the Boynton Hall chapel, on the grounds that it had been damaged when, during their undergraduate years, they had stabled Mr. Higgins’ horse there. The endowment was increased by nu¬ merous gifts and bequests, largest of which were $164,000 from David Hale Fa nning, nearly $100,000 from the estate of Mrs. Feonard P. Kinnicutt, $175,000 from the estate of George I. Alden, and $100,000 from the estate of Mrs. Florence S. Thayer. These raised the endowment to $3,700,000 in 1936. Near the end of President Earle’s administration, the In- titute lost two prominent alumni, William F. Ames, ’82, and Moses B. Kaven, ’85. Dr. Kaven, most active member of the Board of Trustees, had made many con¬ tributions to equipment and scholarships. His bequest to the Institute was in excess of $750,000. The first increment of a similar bequest from Mr. Ames was $250,000. The financial improvement from these sources made it possible for President Earle and the trustees to go forward with a program of campus expansion and im¬ provement. The first step was to remodel a portion of Boynton Hall. The next was to build a substantial addition to the Salis¬ bury Fab oratories, named in honor of Pro¬ fessor Feonard P. Kinnicutt, and opened in 1939. Fate in 1938, the trustees of the George I. Alden Trust agreed to build the
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