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Page 17 text:
Chemistry, Drawing and Architecture. Much of the instruction was elementary but exceedingly thorough. Many hours of shop work were required and a six-months’ apprenticeship course in the shops was introduced in 1872, continuing until 1893, when the four-year course was adopted. Stephen Salisbury was the chief bene¬ factor of the Institute during the first decade. He contributed an instruction fund of $120,000, a modern language fund of $40,000, and a graduate-aid prize fund of $10,000. Interest on the Boynton gift provided a library fund of $27,438. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts granted a fund of $50,000, and $30,000 was re¬ ceived from the estate of Ichabod Wash¬ burn for maintenance of the shops. Important additions to the staff during this ten year period included Alonzo S. Kimball, Amherst, ’66, as professor of Physics; Edward P. Smith, Amherst, ’65, as professor of Modern Languages; and Thomas E. N. Eaton, Amherst, ' 68, as junior professor of Mathematics. Dr. Thompson, after a distinguished service as organizer, principal and teach¬ er, resigned in 1882 to become first presi¬ dent of Rose Polytechnic Institute. He died three years later. This school was modelled on the Worcester plan, as were the Georgia School of Technology, Armour Institute and several other later technical schools. Dr. Thompson’s suc¬ cessor was Dr. Homer Taylor Fuller, Dartmouth, ’64, principal of St. Johns- bury Academy. He received the title of President of the Faculty in 1887, at which time the corporate name of the school was changed to Worcester Polytechnic Insti¬ tute. During Dr. Fuller’s administration, 1883-1894, there were several changes in administration and numerous additions to the staff. Stephen Salisbury, Philip L. Moen, David Whitcomb and Lucius J. Knowles died. They were succeeded by Stephen Salisbury, Jr., as president of the Board, Waldo Lincoln, G. Henry Whit¬ comb, and Charles G. Washburn, ’75, first graduate to be elected to the Corporation. The younger Mr. Salisbury gave $100,- 000 in 1887 for the construction of the Salisbury Laboratories, in memory of his father. An addition to the Washburn Shop was built in 1892, and funds amount¬ ing to $100,000 for construction were granted by the State in 1894. An addition to endowment from the same source had been received in 1886. A course in Elec¬ trical Engineering was introduced in 1889, and one in General Science in 1891. PEDDLER
Page 16 text:
Beginning Sanford Riley Hall toward the fund for the erection of Boyn¬ ton Hall. Other citizens of Worcester, including many workmen in local facto¬ ries, gave the balance of the fund for this first building, which cost about $75,000, including equipment and grading of the grounds. The Washburn Shops cost about $15,000, exclusive of equipment. The incorporators of the Institute were Seth Sweelser and George F. Hoar. They were also members of the first Board of Trustees, of which Stephen Salisbury was president, David Whitcomb, treasurer, and Phinehas Ball, clerk. Other important figures in the early administration were Ichabod Washburn, Emory Washburn, D. Waldo Lincoln, Charles H. Morgan, and Philip L. Moen. The man chosen to be first principal of the Institute was Charles Oliver Thompson, 32-year-old graduate of Dartmouth, a man of much scientific ability, wide vision and resourcefulness. Before taking up his duties he went to Europe to study tech¬ nical education. He gathered about him a small but able faculty, including George I. Alden, just graduated from Harvard, to be professor of Mechanical Engineering; Milton P. Higgins, also a graduate of Dart¬ mouth, to be superintendent of the Wash¬ burn Shops; George E. Gladwin as in¬ structor in drawing and Miss Harriet Goodrich as instructor in Mathematics. Soon thereafter, Miss Marietta S. Fletcher succeeded Miss Goodrich as feminine mem¬ ber of the staff, and taught languages for three years. John E. Sinclair, classmate of Dr. Thompson at Dartmouth, began a long career as professor of Mathematics in 1869. He married Miss Fletcher the following year. There were thirty-two boys who quali¬ fied for admission to the first class in the fall of 1868. They started work immedi¬ ately after the dedication of Boynton Hall, November 11. This was an elaborate, all¬ day ceremony, in which many distin¬ guished educators and executives took part. The first courses available to students were Mechanical and Civil Engineering, [ 12 ] 65 W . P . I
Page 18 text:
Among new members of the staff who were to become well known teachers were Dr. Leonard P. Kinnicutt, in 1882, a graduate of M. I. T., as professor of Chemistry; George H. White, ’76, as pro¬ fessor of Civil Engineering; and U. Waldo Cutler, ’74, who later became professor of English. George H. Haynes, a graduate of Amherst, William W. Bird and Joseph 0. Phelon, W. P. I. graduates, joined the staff in 1887. Bird became head of the Mechanical Engineering department and Phelon a professor of Electrical Engineer- Massachusetts also granted scholarship funds to the Institute beginning in 1896, which continued in increasing amounts un¬ til 1922. Few other gifts were received during the Mendenhall tenure, 1894-1901. Among new members of the faculty dur¬ ing this period were Charles M. Allen in Hydraulics, Harold B. Smith as head of the new department of Electrical Engi¬ neering, Arthur W. French as head of the department of Civil Engineering and A. Wilmer Duff as head of the department of Physics. Mr. Higgins, Professor Alden Alclen Hydraulic Laboratory ing. Alton L. Smith, ’90, and Zelotes W. Coombs, Amherst, ’88, both to become dis¬ tinguished teachers, were added in 1890. Levi L. Conant succeeded T. E. N. Eaton as professor of Mathematics in 1891. Dr. Fuller was succeeded in 1894 by Dr. Thomas Corwin Mendenhall, former superintendent of the U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. Early in his adminis¬ tration the construction of the Engineering Laboratories, Power House, Hydraulics Laboratory and President’s house were completed from funds given by the State. and Professor Gladwin resigned. Edmund A. Engler, former dean of en¬ gineering at Washington University, was the fourth president, from 1901 to 1911. Two buildings, the Foundry in 1902 and the Electrical Engineering Laboratories in 1907, were built during his administra¬ tion. The latter was financed from a be¬ quest of $200,000 from Stephen Salisbury, who died in 1905. He was succeeded as president of the Board by Charles G. Washburn, who had previously served as treasurer. The Board also lost its senior W . P . I
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