McCandless (FF 1084) - Naval Cruise Book

 - Class of 1988

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McCandless (FF 1084) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1988 Edition, Page 7 of 104
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Page 7 text:

1.9 f Rear Admiral Mcffantlless was horn 12 Auguat 1911 in'1- ington, D.C., the son of then Lieutenant tlater Vorririiodort-1 llyroo Mcffandleiis, USN. He graduated from the 1'niti-il State, Natal Academy in 19512, served with Scouting Squadron 115 in the cruiser INDIANAPOLIS, and in destroyer CASH. l'pon completion of tl General Line course at Annapolis, 19118-193129, he liccntnc Vonunuoi cations 0fficerofcrui:4erSAN l"l'tANClSt'0 tt'A-Stal. Hi- was wrt ing in that famed cruiser at Pearl Harbor when tht- .l.ip.ini-o- iniulc their infamous raid. Then a Lieutenant f'ommnnder, Mcf'antlli--i-. continue-tl tw serve in SAN FRANCISCO as she helped protect tant carricr t.i-lt groups guarding reinforcements to the Samoan l+1.ind1, comluctiue raids at New Guinea. and giving direct fire support tn1llt'litliltlilltt.l nal-'l'ulagi landings in the Solomons. llia -ihip fottgltt ltr victory in the Battle of Cape l'isperance to spare Marines on tluatlalcanal from a lierce naval bombardment, then endured n wnvage- action lu ri-pel enemy aircraft attacking transports off the coast of tiuiulalcanal. The flagship ofa cruiser-destroyer task group under .Kilt miral Daniel -I. Callaghan. SAN l"RANt'lSt'0 lcd the fortnattion the night of 13-14 November 19-12 to intercept a -lapancsc raidmi: force of 2 battleships. 1 light cruiser and let tlcstroycrq ati-arning south with orders to bombartl and t'omplctt'ly' knock out thc lla-nb derson Field at Guadalcanal. Well-aimed salvos found their mark on both Japanese battleships before SAN FRANt'lSl'0 came un' der the fire from three directions and the ship was so damaged that she temporarily lost power and steering control. As she slowed from 17 knots, enemy shells exploded on the navigating bridge and flag bridge, killing Rear Admiral Callaghan and all but one of his -staff. Lieutenant Commander Bruce McCandlr-ss found himself the senior officer on the bridge and took command to continue to fight to the finish. His cruiser was caught between two columns ot' enemy ships, sustaining about 45 separate hits by heavy shells and count- less fragment and machine gun hits. Though he was seriously wounded, Lieutenant Commander McCandless boldly continued to direct gunfire at the enemy on every side and led the task group to Victory. When the desperate sea tight ended. 3 enemy destroyers were damaged, two sunk, and the rudderless battleship HIEI so damaged that aircraft were able to sink her the next day. Left: Commodore Byron McCandless Right: Rear Admiral Bruce McCandless lleiitiereoii 1-'it-ld wa, again ,awed from bombardment. Air op- eration, from that Field on the next day disposed of ll troop-laden enemy iran-port, lk-apitc the at-rious drainage and great loss of life on li-iaril, SAN I-'l'tANt'lSt'0 lived lu fight again. Her temporary coiiitimtitlitig officer, 1.ieuti-mint t'onunander Bruce McCandlesa via-i gtvbtirtlcil tlic Nlrtliil ul- llultnr for ills Stlpffltlt' COUIHXC and BU- pcrli lcatlcrwliip that reeulted in victory in the face of overwhelming odd- in thc Nasal llattle ot' fitindrilcanal tlll-lil November l942l. lli- via- .il-.o giwn .i tncritoriour- promotion to the rank ofCommand- cr ui ri-cogiittioti ol tht- m'liicvctlit'lit. t'oinin.unli-r Nlct'niitllcr-e- rctnnint-d in SAN FRANCISCO as -lie lit-lpctl driw the cm-iny from the Aleutians and assisted in the tapturi- and ottupation ol' the tlillwrt and Marshall Islands. De- mi lied from tht-t rui-i-r H March 1944, he took command ofdestroyer tiRl'IGflRY which -upported the capture of lwo -lima and shot down ti i--neiny aircraft during combat operations off the coast of tlkinawa Vorritiiaiitlcr Nlcfaiiillt-mt was awarded the Silver Star Nle-dal for con-picuous gnllnntry while commanding USS GREGO- RY off t lkumwa from 1,14 April 15145. His ship provided anti-aircraft protection to whips in the transport area and served on radar picket atation during thu period. fln P4 April ISHS, four cnt-my suicide planes attacked. Two were destroyed and a third driven off but n fourth crashed in his ship. t'ommander Nlcfandlese skillfully directed his men to quickly con- trol flanmize -so that his dc-at royer was able to drive off further attacks and return to port. GREGORY was routed to San Diego where her crushed and torn hull was repaired under the direction of his father, Vommi .di ire Byron Nlcflandless, USN. Commander Bruce McCand- leas was detached from GREGORY in October 1945. He served as Assistant Chief of Staff for the Naval Operating Base located at Ter- minal Island. California. until October 1946. After heading the Dis- trict Affairs Division. Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, he commanded Mine Division TWO. In June 1950 he was ordered to the 1'nited States Naval Academy for duty in the Executive Depart- ment. Having been promoted to the rank of Captain, he transferred to the Retired List on 1 September 1952 and was advanced to the rank of Rear Admiral on the basis of combat awards. He died in Washington. DC on 24 -January 1968. 3

Page 6 text:

THE SHIP F-1084 , d in honor of USS MCCANDLESS QF 5 Halle Rear Aa- M C dl ss, USN, and is son, I Commgdore 11?!lldC1dndl:esSnUSN is the first U.S. warship to iinirilthigufisme. Built by Avondale Shipyafdsf Inc" of West' wi-lo, Louisiana, the keel was laid on June 4, 1970, launched on March 20, 1971 and Commissioned in Boston, Massachu- M h 18, 1972. settS'1?1?e 3131515 designed to locate and destroy enemy Sub' marines and can screen a carrier task force STOUP 01' act as escort McCANDLESS is equipped with the latest Ziirrialiieil a 5-inch 54 caliber rapid fire gun mount, f0l1T t0rped0 tubes in twin mounts, an ASROC CAnti-Submarine Rocketl launcher and facilities to operate with an embarked ant1-sub- marine helicopter detachment. Newest capabilities include the "HARPOON" Surface to Surface Missile System, ANf SLQ-32 QVQJ Electronic Warfare Suite, SRBOC tSuper Rapid Blooming Off-board Chaffl and the ANfSQR-18AiVl1 Tactical 'I' owed Array Sonar CTACTASD and the VULCAN- PHALANX Close in Weapons System CCIWSD. McCANDLESS completed her first of several major de- ployments, a six month deployment to the Middle East Force, in August 1973, and a two month deployment to the North Atlantic to participate in the NATO exercise "Northern Merger" in November 1974 followed with participation in a joint Canadian-United States exercise, MARCOTCANUS 77. ln September 1977, McCANDLESS changed homeports to Philadelphia to commence her first major overhaul since commissioning in the Philadelphia Naval Shipyards. Follow- ing ten months of industrial work ending in July 1978 and two months of Refresher Training in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, McCANDLESS returned to her homeport of Norfolk, Virginia. In June 1979 McCANDLESS again deployed to the Sixth Fleet for six months of operation in the Mediterranean, Red and Black Sea. Returning in December 1979, McCANDLESS under- went a restricted availability at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard where the Tactical Towed Array Sonar System QTACTASD was added to her ASW suite and in September 1930 McCANDLESS again departed Norfolk, Virginia enroute to her fourth major deployment since commissioning returning in February.1981 after five and one-half months of operations in the Mediterranean and Black Seas. Following participa- ion in several fleet exercises including READEX 1-82 eparted Norfolk on February 1982 begin, McCANDLESS d :ig will 111310: d9Dl0yt'nent, again to the Mediterranean i ASW ..E.Q ,F Ret ' -QP Oyment as well as several Departmental ... Q urning to Norfolk in July 1982, the ship enje ed Zgrrifrliive and upkeep period prior to departing in Septgm- Baltic exe:-fciideloghg of Operation in the North Atlantic and S t d E .82 and ASW patrlgr ff0rt, Northern Wedding, Baltops M CAND C, . Brooklin'Newliifscglglalggidhhgplieport 1ndMarch 1983 to ' er secon major overhaul 2 after which she returned to fleet operations 3 - ASW patrols in the North Atlantic early in 1 March and April McCANDLESS satisfactorily her post-deployment inspections and departed May for three months of advanced ASW testing in mas and Refresher Training at Guantanamo Bay August, final preparations were made for her sixth, ployment with participation in READEX 2-85 ing in October for operations in the Mediterranean Arabian Seas. McCANDLESS returned in 1985 for a brief leave and upkeep period preparing fleet tasking. In April, McCANDLESS conducted exercises coast of South Carolina and near Bermuda with QFF-10805 and USS MILLER QFF-10915 and later wmi submarines, preparing for the next deployment to Eurol waters. McCANDLESS was selected by the Commandgph, Chief, Atlantic to represent the United States at "Kiglg Woche," CKEIL WEEKD, an International Maritime Celelmf tion in Kiel, West Germany, and Aalborg, Denmark fortlii annual Fourth of July celebration. McCANDLESSdepa1iii Norfolk 10 June 1985 and was welcomed to Kiel, Westilii- many by the German Navy Band. In Keil MCCANDLN assumed duties as flagship for the Deputy Commander-it Chief, U.S. Naval Forces Europe, Vice Admiral Schoultzfmt hosted several dinners and a reception, attended by S9lliQ German and NATO Commanders and Civilian Officials! well as Admiral McDonald, U.S. Supreme Allied C01l'tmlllll er, Atlantic. McCANDLESS proceeded on the remainderi her North Atlantic deployment making port visits andpatif ipating in ASW operations. USS McCANDLESS deparlf the North Atlantic OP Area in August and returnedtolftg ginia for a two month Selected Restricted Availability wha she was upgraded with ANXSQR 18AtVJ1 system. Sea trials were completed on 1 November 19851 25 November McCANDLESS got underway for Lg l forcement Operation with the Coast Guard until De Op Areas during the time period were off the coast of bi , ' 9 ' 9 ailll a South America J amaica and off the coast of Cl After a brief period of leave, upkeep and tr Participated in CNO Project 1-86. MCCANDLESSB nal preparations for her seventh major depl0YmentW ticipation in Readex 2-86 and Mod Fleetex before df Norfolk in August 1986 for Operations in the Medlwl Following six months of operations in the Mediterraf cluding numerous ASW patrols, McCANDLESS! homeport and began a one month leave and od. She conducted three weeks of ASW 0Pe1' coast of Virginia in July, 1987 and then ed Restricted Availability in Norfolk which 1218 November following sea trials. Following in Guantanamo Ba Cuba in March 1983 ya 9 ' , commenced preparations for her eighth H1310 ations

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