Marine Corps Recruit Depot - Yearbook (San Diego, CA)

 - Class of 1980

Page 13 of 114


Marine Corps Recruit Depot - Yearbook (San Diego, CA) online yearbook collection, 1980 Edition, Page 13 of 114
Page 13 of 114

Marine Corps Recruit Depot - Yearbook (San Diego, CA) online yearbook collection, 1980 Edition, Page 12
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Page 13 text:

SAN DIEGO RECRUIT DEPOT The establishment of the marine CORF’S base at San Diego was initiated by the late Major General Joseph H. Pendleton. I'SMC. in July 1914. He recognized in tlie harbor and environs of San Diego a strategic point where Marines could be trained for expeditionary duty, and where they could Ik ready to go aboard ship with all of their stores and equipment for transport to areas in the Pacific where their services might be needed. The first troops moved into the partially completed barracks from a camp in Rallma Park in December 1921. The f ractical construction was completed in 1921 Much of the and was reclaimed from San Diego Bay. including that portion comprising Lindbergh Field and the adjacent shore area. The Marine Corps Recruit Depot has. over the years, been the home of the famed 4th and 6th Marine Regiments. the site of mam specialized schools, and a recruit training center. During World War II it served as a Training Center. Supply Depot and Embarkation Point for thousands of Marines who conquered the Japanese in the Pacific. Approximately 222.•‘MK) Marines passed through the portals of the Marine Corps Recruit Depot during those years. The Depot’s post-war mission encompasses both basic and advanced schools training. A Recruit Training Regiment has direct responsibility for the training of recruit Marines, the young men who volunteer for duty with the Corps. During the eleven week schedule of recruit training, the new enlistees are carefully indoctrinated in the matter of performance of duty of a Marine. To the recruit facing his initial weeks of training, the most important man is his Drill Instructor, a specially selected noncommissioned officer, chosen for exceptional leadership ability and military experience. It is through the Dl that the raw recruit lieginS his transformation into a Marine. The Marine recruit training cycle is chronological!) divided into three phases: initial training at the Depot, rifle marksmanship and basic infantry training at Camp Pendleton for familiarization with basic weapons, and advance recruit training at the Depot. Immediately following completion of recruit training at tin- Depot, the majorit) of the young Marines are allowed to go on leave Indore reporting to their next duty station. These assignments include advanced infantry training, schools for specialized skills, shore stations, the Fleet Marine Force I'nits, both overseas and within the continental United States. Some return to the Depot for futher training with the Sea School. Communication-Electronics School Battalion, or Field Music School. The Depot also offers facilities in general education, courses of study leading to the procurement of high school diplomas, and all of the correspondence courses from the Marine Corps Institute and United States Armed Forces Institute in vocational and professional training. These include university extension courses. Each year, thousands of new Leathernecks enter the Marine Corps. These men receive their initial training at one of two places. Those in the eastern part of the United States go to the Marine Corps Recruit Depot at Parris Island. South Carolina. Those who come from tin- Middle West anti West are sent to the Marine Corps Recruit Depot at San Diego. California. The modern Marine Corps is a team which operates on land, at sea. and in the air. It utilizes the latest developments in training and equipment. But it retains the “esprit de corps that was traditional over a century before General Pendleton envisioned the San Diego Marine Corps Recruit Depot. Depot Headquarters

Page 12 text:

UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS THE MENTAL AND MORAL QUALITIES of the United Stales Marine have been tested constantly since the birth of the nation All through the long history of the Marine Corps there are examples, both in war and peace, of his versatility, trustworthiness, singleness and tenacity of purpose, courage, faithfulness and self-sacrifice. The rich tradition of the Corps dates back to November 10. 1775. when it was establishes! by the Contintental Congress In the Revolutionary War. the Marines fought against the British Fleet on the shijis of John Paul Jones and made their first amphibious landing on the beaches of the Bahamas in 1776. Marines ended their war with the Mediterranean pirates when they planted the Stars and Stripes over the pirate stronghold of Dcrne. in Tripoli, after a six-hundred mile march across tin- desert of North Africa. In tin- War of IHI2. they fought on Lake Champlain and Lake Erie, and were with General Jackson behind the barricades at New Orleans They defeated the Seminole Indians in tin- dense swamps of Florida in 1836. and fought under General Scott in the Mexican War of 1846-45 Their first visit to Japan came in 1854 as guard detachments from tire ships of Commodore Perry's fleet Under the command of Colonel Robert E Lee. U.S.A.. Marines captured John Brown at Harper's Ferry in 1859 They fought savages in Formosa in 1867. ami stormed the barrier forts of Korea in 1871. During the Spanish-Amcrican War. a single battalion of Marines held the naval base at Guantanamo Bay. Cuba, against 6.000 Spaniards, while other Leathernecks distinguished themselves at the Battle of Santiago ami with Dewey at Manila Tins helped quell the Boxer Rebellion in China in 1900, ami from then on until World War I. men of the Corps campaigned in the Philippines. Cuba. Mexico. Haiti, ami Santo Domingo to protect American lives and property. On the battlefields of France. Marines were called "Devil Dogs" by the Germans because of their courage ami tenacity of attack In I lie first World War. the Fourth Brigade of Marines took part in five ojicrations as part of the fames! Second Division of tin- A K F.—Bellcau Wood. Soissons. St Mihicl. Chapagnc. and the Mcusc-Argonne Marine units were decorated six times hv the French during these campaigns The interim between world wars found the Marines engaged in developing the technique of amphibious warfare and in their traditional pursuits around the globe, from guarding the I S mails to fighting bandits in Nicaragua World War II saw the men who wear the eagle, globe, and and anchor saliantly defend Wake Island and Bataan and then spearhead the amphibious landings across the Pacific in tin- Solomons, at Tarawa. Saipan. Guam. I wo Jima. and Okinawa, to name a few. Following the war. Marines found a new type of service—duty with United Nations Forces in Korea The United States Marine Corps, rich in tradition ami world-famed for its battle record and esprit de corps, plays an important role as tin-nation's "force-in-readiness" to help keep the peace throughout the world today.

Page 14 text:

RECRUIT TRAINING REGIMENT Although training marine recruits HAS been one of the major functions of this installation almost from its inception, it was not until I January 1948 that it was designated Marine Corps Recruit Depot. First established at Mare Island Navy Yard, San Francisco. in 1913. the Marine Corps' West Coast recruit training facilities moved to San Diego in August 1923. In March 1957. the Recruit Training Command became a separate command, headed by a general officer. In December 1959. it became the Recruit Training Regiment, a unit of the parent Depot command. To the thousands of young men who arrive here each year for training, "boot camp" separates the men from tin boys, for this is truly where the Marine Corps "builds men. Regardless of the time of day or night he arrives at Receiving Barracks, the Marine recruit virtually undergoes a transformation within the first 55 minutes he is here. Not only does he begin to take on the appearance of a Marine with a "boot" haircut and his initial issue of clothing, but he begins to think and act like a member of the team. From early morning to late afternoon he. ami the other 75 men of his platoon, are under the constant supervision of a drill instructor who measures every hour for its maximum effectiveness in training. If there is one rule of thumb that can be applied to recruit training, it is that nothing is "routine" to the recruit himself. The hours are crowded with classes, drills and subjects that were of little concern to him a few short weeks before. He becomes acutely aware of himself as a mem Ik-r of a team with a mission to perform. He becomes keenly conscious of his obligation to his corps, his country, and to himself. In short, his training develops for him a sense of responsibility and pride he might never have known ot herwisc. For many, excess pounds seem to disappear while others develop needed dimensions and weight. Mind and body become alert and well coordinated in response to the snap and precision demanded of each individual in hand-to-hand combat, drill or marksmanship training. Although every Marine is basically a rifleman, constant effort is made to determine each recruit's potential at an early stage in his training. Through a battery of tests, his past experience and education are evaluated and his potential and aptitude measured in an effort to place him in the job or training program best suited to his particular ability. The personnel of Recruit Training Regiment are specialists in equipping young men with a basic Marine education The title "Marine" is reserved for only those who can meet the high standards by which a Marine is measured. Not until graduation day. that proud moment when a recruit becomes a fullfledged member of the Corps, can he claim the title of " United States Marine. Recruit Training Regiment Headquarters

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