Calgary Normal School - Chinook Yearbook (Calgary, Alberta Canada)

 - Class of 1935

Page 16 of 115

 

Calgary Normal School - Chinook Yearbook (Calgary, Alberta Canada) online yearbook collection, 1935 Edition, Page 16 of 115
Page 16 of 115



Calgary Normal School - Chinook Yearbook (Calgary, Alberta Canada) online yearbook collection, 1935 Edition, Page 15
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Calgary Normal School - Chinook Yearbook (Calgary, Alberta Canada) online yearbook collection, 1935 Edition, Page 17
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Page 16 text:

Ufa Cfnnoofe You say your cattle are not ours, your meat is not our meat; When you pay for the land you live in, we’ll pay for the meat we eat. Beside the moral degeneration due to contact with civilization, the Indian degenerated physically at this time. The change of diet, the new conditions of living, together with inter-marriage with the white race helped to bring disease to the hitherto robust native. However, those wonderful men, the missionaries of early days, with a zeal that does not come from this earth, stepped in, and with the help of the Canadian Government commenced the great task of giving back to the Indian his health and independence. Today, although the Indian of the Plains is still regarded by many as a social and moral outcast, he is gradually learning to earn his own living by farming on the land over which his forefathers roamed. The race is no longer on the decrease; tuberculosis among the tribes is no longer rampant, and better conditions of living are found in many of the Indian homes of today than can be found in hundreds of civilized homes. Thus we may say that civilized and educated, the Indian of the future has every capacity for becoming a good citizen of Canada and one she may be proud to call her own. In conclusion we can say no more of the Indian of the past, the present, and the future than to quote once more, words of E. Pauline Johnson in her poem “Cana dian Born” when she says: We first saw light in Canada, the land beloved of God, We are the pulse of Canada, its marrow and its blood. And we, the men of Canada, can face the world and brag, That we were born in Canada, beneath the British flag. SOPHIE MIDDLETON. Page Fifteen

Page 15 text:

Cfjtnook The garments of the Indian were very plain and simple. Those of the men consisted of leggings and robes made of the skins of buffalo; moccasins were their only footwear. In active sports the men took off the leggings and robes and only wore a breech-clout. The garments of the women consisted of a short leather belted dress, moccasins and robes. The tasks of the camp were left largely to the women, while the men hunted and fought enemy tribes. The women always followed the men after a buffalo hunt and skinned and cut up the animals for use in the camp. Although a food known as pemmican, consisting of meat and berries pounded together and dried in the sun, was prepared for the winter, the Indian did not take much thought of the morrow. In fact, one of the most outstand¬ ing qualities in the Indian’s character was his complete freedom from worry. Even today this trait is noticeable among the tribes on the reservations. Many people have a serious misconception induced, doubtless, by their readings, that before the white man came the Indians led a rather unprincipled life. However, if one hear the tribal lore direct from the older Indians it is important to note that they tell of Five Commandments upon which were based the morals of the tribes. It is further interesting to note that these Com¬ mandments are almost identical with the last five of our Ten Commandments. Thus we see that despite the occasional raid and fight with enemy tribes the Indian of early times roved the plains contentedly, living a healthful, out¬ door life, governed by the laws and customs of his race. Then the period of transition came. The white man arrived, and the Indian was forced to follow his laws. Many of these statutes could not be reconciled with the Indian’s former manner of living and havoc followed. We have all heard and read many stories of this time of unrest among the Indians who had hitherto been monarchs of all they surveyed. They could not understand why they should only be allowed to use certain tracts of land. Their chief source of food and clothing, the buffalo, disappeared rapidly under the destructive hand of the white man, and they were faced with starvation. E. Pauline Johnson, the brilliant Indian poetess, graphically describes the bewildered feelings of the Indian in this period of transition in her poem “The Cattle Thief” when she says: Page Fourteen



Page 17 text:

Ottje Cfnnoofe J. CLARK I. JENKINS T O. ANDERSON R.L. ARRISON A.C. BLACKWOOD J.H. BLOCKSIDGE W.J. BRUCE H.B. CARRICO H. CUMMINS C.T. DE TRO L.F. DEWAR F.L. EVANS J.C.K. ROOKS W.J. GALDZINSKI H.J. HARVEY R.W. HENDRY G.R. HOWARTH R.W.LIOGETT Page Sixteen

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