Wisconsin School for the Deaf - Tattler Yearbook (Delavan, WI)
- Class of 1941
Page 1 of 56
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 56 of the 1941 volume:
Edited and Composed by the Juniors
Wisconsin School for the Deaf
THE SCHOOL PRESSjforcworfc
Because this class is composed mostly of boys, who are specializing in printing and because this is the five hundredth anniversary of the invention of printing from movable type, we are making this a “Printing Number’ .
Having considered the progress in printing, we wish to dedicate our Tattler to those scientists and inventors of the Old World, who labored so faithfully in so many other fields of endeavor to serve humanity.T. EMERY BRAY, SuperintendentJOHN CALLAHAN, Superintendent Department of Public InstructionEditorial Staff
Seated, left to right—Malcolm Gardiner, Lloyd Hagen, Betty I rown, Andrew Baran, Gordon (ilnnted.
Standing, left to right—Burton Schmidt, Charles Winchester, Mike WuUadin-ovich, Harold Bobholz.
The Class of ’42, shown above, has had the honor of arranging this annual. They have put much work into it and they hope it may prove interesting to you. and that you may find much enjoyment in reading it.
Of the nine members in this class only three started their primary work in this school. These pupils are Andrew Baran, Lloyd Hagen and Malcolm Gardiner. The rest received a part of their schooling in public schools in different parts of the state. The class sponsor is Mrs. Laura Crosby whose kindly co-operation is greatly appreciated by the members of the class.
Foreword ................................. Malcolm Gardiner
Class Roll.....................Lloyd Hagen. Harold Bobholz
Ariadna Literary Society......................... Betty Brown
Phoenix Literary Society..................Malcolm Gardiner
Hollister Club ........................... Malcolm Gardiner
Tattler Tales . ... Burton Schmidt, Michael Wukadinovich,
Art Editor, Henry Schmidt, 41
Happy Heart Club .
. . Lloyd Hagen Gordon Olmsted Andrew Baran
6Ifotgb School SectionHigh School Faculty
DOHA H. LOWE Principal
MARY E. WILLIAMS Composition
LAURA L. CROSBY English
8FREDERICK J. NEESAM Mathematics
JOHN R. GANT Social StudiesVocational Faculty
VALENTINE A. BECKER Principal
GENEVA B. LLEWELLYN Art
MARVIN S. ROOD PrintingGEORGE B. WOO!) Advanced Woodworking
MILDRED S. HURD1S Home Economics
CHARLES W. DUNN CraftsHigh School Graduates
GENEVA BROEGE Monroe
A smile for all, a tvt'leome t lud,
A fovial nnunitf u-ay the had '
Treasurer of Ariadna Literary Society, ’37; American Legion ward, '39; President, Sunday Evening Meeting, '40; Poster Contest Award, '40; Girls’ Monitor, ’39, ’40, ’41.
Home Economics, Art, Beauty Culture, Volleyball, Archery.
CAROLA DAVIS Madison
"Her Ways are u-a.vt of flea,am nett and all her fathj are fracf."
President, Ariadna Literary Society, 40; Girls Monitor ’40-’41; Spring Program First Prize Award, ’40; Winner of Posture Contest. 40 and ’41; President, Broadway Club, 41; Class Secretary and Treasurer, ’40-’41. Home Economics, Art, Beauty Culture, Archery, Weaving, Basketball, Volleyball, Tennis and Swimming.
YACHTMAN SUE Milwaukee
"The Ufvrd of a gentleman it as Qood as iut bond ’
Boy Scout, 35; Treasurer of the Phoenix Literary Society, ’40; Boys’ Monitor, ’40; President of the Sunday Evening Meeting, ’41.
Carpentry, Printing. Art.
12SILAS yiRTE Delavan
lovr my duly, love my friend, l.ote truth ami turrit to defend
Boy Scout. 1933-1937, Ranking Star Scout; Boy Scout Senior Patrol Leader, ’37; Football Captain, 40; Prom King, 40; PrcKidcnt of the Phoenix Literary Society, 40 '41; Librarian of Phoenix Literary Society, 38-’39; President of the Sunday Evening Meeting, ’38-’40; Class President, 1941.
Football, Printing, Art.
HENRY SCHMIDT Milwaukee
7hr fiihennan who cat, hr what hr' alter.'
Treasurer of Boy Scout, 37-’38; Football, ’38-’39; Basketball, 40-’41; Monitor, ’37-’41.
Art, Printing, Acoustic Training, Gardening.
ROBERT PAGEL North Freedom
"Diligence, wit and good humor comhned. To form one character ttreng and refined '
Phoenix Literary Society; Secretary of the Sunday Evening Meeting, 39, ’40; Cheerleader, ’4l)-’41 Printing, Art, Acoustic Training.
'3ROYAL EKLOF Frederic
liter true to hu word, hit work and hit fr.cnds.”
Vice President, Phoenix Literary Society, '40- 41; Librarian of Phoenix Literary Society, ’39-'40; President of Sunday Evening Meeting, 39- 40; Vice-President of Cluss of 1941; Boys Monitor, ’37, ’39, ’40. 41. Carpentry, Printing, Art, Gardening.
President. Silas Hirte Vice-President, Royal ICklof Secretary and Treasurer, Carola Davis
Class Colors: Cardinal and White
Class Flower: Carnation
Class Motto: Labor hath its reward
Sunday afternoon, June 1, 1941 at 2:30 o’clock
SONG—“Lift Thine Eyes” Mendelssohn
Sung by Delavan High School Triple Trio Anita Collentine, Bette Mueller Eleanor Lerwick, Mary Evans, Donna Harris, Elizabeth Gevaart, Barbara Ferber, Alberta Lacker, Jeanette Goepke Signed by Dorothy Maes
BACCALAUREATE ADDRESS—Rev. Henry F. Freeling
SONG—“The Lord’s Prayer” Malotte
Sung by Marvin McGilsky Signed by Francis Perry
Wednesday evening, June 4, 1941 at eight o’clock
MUSIC—Delavan High School Band
SONG—“A Heart That’s Free” Robyn
Sung by Bette Mueller Signed by Carola Davis
“WELCOME”—Silas Hirte, Class President
Spoken by Burton Schmidt, ’42
ADDRESS Carl F. Zeidler, Milwaukee
PRESENTATION OF DIPLOMAS
Superintendent. T. E. Bray
AWARD OF AMERICAN LEGION MEDALS
Sung by Norma Perry Signed by Loretta SzablewskiWelcome
Delivered at Commencement Exercises by Silas Hlrte, Interpreted by Burton Schmidt RI ENDS, the class of 1941 sincerely welcomes you here to-night.
This is, to each of us, a great occasion; one to which we have
been looking forward a long time; one which will remain fresh in our memories for many years to come. We are glad that you have come to share the joy of this hour with us.
The following are the words of the immortal Shakespeare:
Tonight the curtain opens for us upon a new scene in the Great Drama in which we must take special parts.
We realize now that we are to take our exit from a scene that we have loved. “Blessings brighten as they take their flight,” and the thought of leaving has made it difficult to keep the tears back. However, it has aroused in us a deeper sense of gratitude to those who have been in charge, our superintendent, who has ably served as stage manager, our principals, teachers, supervisors, and parents, who have patiently directed and prompted us through many trying rehearsals.
The stage furnishings also play an important part in the success of the actors; so for the equipment that has been provided by the State of Wisconsin for our use and development, we’d like to extend sincere thanks.
As we glance back a few years, we recall some comedy; we have laughed together; there have been mistakes over which we have spent sleepless nights; and we have taken parts that have forced us to put forth great effort, the best that was in us. All this we feel has worked together to help us go forward to take harder parts that are bound to be in store for us.
While counting our blessings and expressing our appreciation for them, we want to add our gratitude for peace and democracy in this chaotic world.
In Europe are many students with a desire to live prosperous, peaceful lives, but they must creep into bomb shelters, carry guns, and make innumerable other sacrifices that always accompany war.
As the curtain opens on our future, we ask the divine Great Stage Manager to give us our cues, and may we be alert enough to catch them; may we in our allotted parts prove to be truly democratic, and do our bit to defend democracy and save civilization.
Again in behalf of the class I want to tell you how happy we are to see you here, for by your presence we feel that you are wishing us Godspeed, and we appreciate your coming.
With all our hearts we welcome you.
“All the world’s a stage,
And all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances, And one man in his time plays many parts.”
16Five Hundred Years Of Printing
By Henry Schmidt
MILE Johann Gutenburg devoted himself to developing, improving and perfecting his ideas, he let others use his invention. From 1441 to 1450 some workmen, whom he had employed, got some of the type to produce a number of editions of a small school Latin grammar used throughout the Middle Ages. Examples of job printing done about ten years later have been found. These were blank forms printed to be used as receipts for money contributed for a missionary purpose.
Gutenburg went back to his native city, Mainz, to undertake the publishing of the Bible in 1450, but he was so full of ideas for inventions that he neglected the work and Johann Fust, the man who loaned him the money to print the Bible, hired another man named Peter Schoeffer to take charge of the work in order to get it completed so that he could realize the profits on his investment.
Gutenburg continued his experimenting and improved the type casting implements so much that he was able to produce a type that was only a third as large as that previously in use. This type was introduced in a large encyclopaedic dictionary, known as the Catholican. This was the first reference book ever printed and people think Gutenburg had charge of the printing of this himself.
By the year 1460 printing was being practiced in Mainz. Cologne. Strassburg. and at least three other cities in the neighborhood. Cologne was a university town where there was a great demand for books. From these cities printing spread rapidly and by 1480 printing was a recognized, well organized, business throughout the country. Jobbing houses which sold paper to different printing shops sprang up. and printing became a flourishing business in a score of German cities.
A German printer, John Speier, secured a monopoly of printing in Venice in 1465. Two years later, the trade was thrown open to all comers and a Frenchman, Nicolas Jenson was the first one to take advantage of the chance. He began work with a type, which he designed. This type has given him a fame that makes his name as well known among printers as that of Gutenburg. The Jenson type is the most nearly perfected type for reading that has yet been produced. Very many books were printed in Venice and sent all over the world but most of them were very poorly and cheaply made.
In the 1480’s Aldus Manutius wanted to become the greatest editor and publisher of Greek books. Andres Torresanus, his father-in-law had the best printing shop in Venice. He introduced a new style letter that we now call "Italics.” This type was more compact and so the same material could be printed in smaller books. These books were called Adline Octavoes.
17Small books became very stylish all over Europe and many printing offices made imitations of the Adline books. 1 he Elzevirs of Amsterdam in the seventeenth century published a set ot books w hi( h was so small that it could be packed in a traveling case. However, very few people could read the small type which they used.
In those early years, England had no especial need of printing. There was a general interest in books among the better class, but these people got their books when they went to Europe on business, diplomacy. and pleasure. English church books were printed at Rouen.
In 1470 an English merchant, William Caxton retired from business and went to visit Cologne where he spent a few months watching the workmen at a new printing shop. Returning to England he sent a friend to buy a printing outfit and learn how to use it. They produced the first English book at Bruges in Belgium in 1474. Two years later he returned to London where he and another printer. Wynkyn de Worde, published the first book printed in England.
For the next three hundred years, the art of printing went steadily downward, because many people could not read and most of them were too poor to buy books or newspapers. They worked hard and all the money went to their kings and queens. After the revolution in France, the people won their freedom and later they were able to buy reading matter. Many hundreds of orders for books were made so the people could educate themselves and also their children.
One of the greatest inventions in the field of printing was the Linotype, a machine invented in 1885 by Ottmar Mergenthaler. Before it was introduced, printers had to set all the type they used by hand, that is, they had to stand before large trays and pick out each letter as they needed it. Today, the Linotype machine can set type ten times more rapidly than it was formerly set by hand.
Although printing went steadily downward for three hundred years, it is an important industry which has been active for five hundred years and has on the whole, showed improvement in that time.
period of from four hundred fifty to five hundred years.
Athough the facilities we have today are quicker and more accurate, the craftmanship of the earlier days was considerably better in the finished product.
Modern Methods Of Printing
By Robert L. Pagel
18The original press was made so as to print on only one side of the paper at a time. It was a screw affair with a contrivance for pushing a plate down upon a sheet of paper resting on the top of the form. A great deal of time was required to pull an impression, ink the form by hand with a baren or ink ball, and then pull another impression; repeating this procedure time after time until the required number of impressions was secured.
Today we have large rotary presses equipped to print both sides of the sheet at a time. There are also cylinder presses which make up to four thousand five hundred impressions an hour and at the same time ink the form evenly. These presses are fed automatically, which is more accurate and much faster than hand feeding.
doing back to a smaller division of the printing industry, we tlnd modern platen presses being used on a large scale. Certain models of these presses are fed automatically, also. Forms for them usually come from the Linotype or Monotype machines, which have revolutionized the setting of type.
Formerly, a person would have to spend something like an hour and a half making up a form which can now be set on a Linotype or Monotype in fifteen minutes, although a lot of composition is still done by hand.
The Linotype, invented by Ottmar Mergenthaier, is a linecasting machine which composes lines of type, and casts them in one piece. This “line of type” is ready for use when it leaves the machine. This machine is used for all types of letterpress printing. It is one of the “musts” in the modern, well-equipped printing shop.
The first use of the Linotype was made by the New York Tribune in 1886, fifty-five years ago. An idea of what one of these machines is worth may be obtained from the fact that ten of the popular automobiles in the lower price field may be bought for the price of one machine.
Concerning other phases of the printing industry, there are so many branches connected with it that it is impossible to state them all here. Those mentioned above are some of the principal ones.
What the printing industry is worth to the United States is shown by the following statistics: Printing ranks fourth in total value of
products, which is more than two and one half billion dollars; and sixth in number of persons employed.
There are thirteen thousand periodicals published annually in the United States.
The American observance of the five hundredth anniversary of the invention of printing is being co-ordinated by a special comittee of the American Institute of Graphic Arts.
Let's make 1941 a memorable year!
9Necessity, the Mother of Gutenburg's Invention
By Silas J. Hirte
INVENTIONS have always been preceded by a demand, and this is no less true of the invention of movable type for printing than of any other. Surrounded as we are today with printed matter of an excellent type, books, magazines, and newspapers, that give information on any and every subject known, it is quite impossible for us to conceive of the time when it was lacking.
But way back in the days of the cave-men, records were kept by drawing and carving figures on stones in the caves. Now many museums in the world have these on exhibition.
Even when Egypt was in full glory, ideas were expressed and preserved by pictures drawn with pens made of reeds on a kind of paper produced from bamboo.
When Roman citizens, shortly before the time of Julius Caesar, were struggling to save democracy and were faced with great difficulties. aside from word of mouth and hand-written bulletins, there was no way of informing voters of the various problems that should be solved by them.
Early in the fifteenth century in Germany, the combination of the industrial and economic conditions created a class of people who were hungering for education and could afford to purchase reading matter in greater quantities than the old-fashioned methods of book making could furnish. Then the artisan and the artist held practically the same rank. Tradesmen were wealthy and very influential in society. Quite generally they craved knowledge along with their daily occupation. Since it was almost impossible for them to get accurate and complete information concerning the world and the great deeds of the past or the plans of the future, it was no easy task to improve their lot in life.
In all Europe there were but few books and manuscripts. The books were very large and unwieldy. They were made of many sheets of paper or parchment between fancy carved covers of wood or ivory. Much attention was paid to elaborate drawing and fancy penmanship, while the content was sadly neglected. Those who wanted to read them were obliged to go where the books were, for they were chained to tables.
Priests and monks of the Roman Catholic Church spent hours and hours, weeks and weeks, copying religious and classical manuscripts. This was not only a slow process, but a very expensive one.
Then from the Chinese, the Europeans learned to cut designs and letters on blocks of wood or other materials and to print them on cloth and parchment. This, while a great improvement over the
20old copying method, was far from satisfactory, for after a design was used once, it had to be thrown away.
As the demand for books had been steadily growing, the time was ripe for an invention to meet this demand. The alphabet had been changed to make it more readable. Those, who were reaching out for different kinds of reading material, had greatly increased in number.
Then one day in Germany, a young man was engraving a page of manuscript on a block, when his knife slipped, cutting off a letter which fell to the floor. As he picked it up and looked at it. an idea struck him, why not carve one letter at a time, each on a single little block and put the letters together to make words? Thus was born an idea that was, when developed, to revolutionize the world. The young man was Johann Gutenburg, who was a refugee in Strassburg because he had engaged in a political discussion, opposing officers who were in control of the government in this native city. Mainz.
Later, eager to recoup his fortune and, clinging to the possibilitiy of a better way of printing, he carried out and improved upon his original plan, and the invention of movable type was the result.
Since printing by his method was made public five hundred years ago, it has carried the twin lights of Christianity and education over a dark and superstitious world.
The Life Of Gutenberg
By Carola E. Davis
ALTHOUGH no one knows the exact year of Johann Gutenburg’s birth, it was probably about 1400. His parents, who resided in Mainz, Germany .were of noble birth, and very healthy. His father’s name was Gensfleisch. but young Johann took the name of Gutenburg in honor of his mother for she was the last of her house.
When Johann was about ten years old, his parents had to flee from Mainz . There was a great quarrel between the poor and the rich in that city, and his parents were among the rich. So they were forced to find another home in Strassburg, and this is where the inventor of printing grew to manhood.
Several years before he made any attempt to print books, he was engaged in experiments for polishing stones, and making mirrors. Later Gutenburg and a partner began a business of their own, making mirrors, but this venture was not a success. Gutenburg went into another business, that of printing with woodcuts, with three partners including Dritizehn. his former associate. Hut Dritizehn died in 1441
21and his brothers went to law to try to make Gutenburg take them into partnership in the dead man’s place. Gutenburg won the suit.
In 1446 Gutenburg returned to his hometown of Mainz after having been an exile for more than twenty-five years. All his money was supposed to have gone into his work, and his wife paid the taxes for the same house in which his family used to live, lie borrowed a large sum of money from a merchant of Mainz named John Fust, to get his “tools”, and to purchase other materials for his printing so the printing stock belonged to Fust. They hired a skillful worker in metal named Schoeffer who was able to assist Gutenburg a great deal in carrying out his ideas in making movable type. Gutenburg said that If he wanted a hundred copies of the letter “A ”, he had to carve u hundred copies of the letter in wood. This method was too slow, and moreover, the wooden letters were loo soft, and weak to last. But JSchoefFer had a better idea. This was carving the letter on a piece of metal, and with this metal letter, he punched a mold in a softer metal. Then melted metal was poured into the mold, and copies of the letter were made. After this method had succeeded. Gutenburg determined to print a copy of the Bible. It took a long time to do it, and it was very expensive. It was completed in 1456, and the men agreed that it was “as clear as handwriting”.
A great misfortune befell Gutenburg after his hour of triunph. Just when his work on the Bible ended, strife broke out. The wealthy Fust wanted all his money back which he had loaned Gutenburg. He knew that Gutenburg could not pay him after spending much money on publishing the Bible, and perhaps that was why Fust immediately pressed his claim. As Gutenburg was unable to pav it back. Fust seized all the printing plant. Poor Gutenburg was discouraged, but he refused to give up. He found a good friend later on who helped him set up another press from which he printed one or two books.
He died in 1468, a poor man. thirteen years after the completion of the great work which made him one of the world’s famous men. Nearly four centuries afterward the citizens in Mainz erected a statue in his honor.
Geneva L. Broege
THE Art of block printing goes back to the Chinese. They invented this about 1400. They had a kind of “printing” which began with the making of seals by pressing carved blocks of wood into soft clay. They pressed sheets of paper over slabs of wood on which designs had been carved and inked. To John Gutenburg of Germany is given credit for the largest part of the invention of movable type and the printing press inEurope. One of Gutenburg’s Bibles is now in the Library of Congress in Washington. The first American press was set up in Cambridge, Massachusetts in the first half of the seventeenth century. These presses were clumsy, slow-moving and expensive. A wine pres had given Gutenburg the idea for making a machine for printing.
Another art is wood block printing. Linoleum block printing is quite new. It started with the discovery of linoleum. The introduction of linoleum block printing gave a new idea for decorating things for the home.
Some of the more common uses of this type of printing are for greeting cards, book-covers, prints for framing, letter heads, book plates, place cards, book marks and many others.
The linoleum used for block printing is known as “battleship linoleum”. It is made in thicknesses up to one fourth of an inch. It is generally a natural brown, but it can be obtained in almost anv other color. The brown is best for cutting. If the surface of the linoleum is not quite smooth, it may be worked down by using a very fine sandpaper.
Linoleum cuts, which are to be printed in a power press or a hand jobber, must be type high, which is 918 thousanths of an inch. The better blocks are made from five ply, laminated wood and three-eighths inch linoleum. It is always wise to select a wel-made block when one wants to print any number of copies.
The prints should be dried before handling. They should not be placed in piles as the air can not reach the printed surface. When wet prints are piled up, they will lose their original hardness or thinness and become dirty.
Good prints should be framed in plain block frames with clear glass, depending on the nature of the subject. Linoleum cuts can also be used in making plaques. When the cut is finished, it is painted with enamel, oil paint or poster paint and finished with shellac. It may be used as a wall plaque.
The older boys of the Wisconsin School for the Deaf have done this type of work in the Art department and also in the printing classes.
By Royal W. Eklof
THOUGH paper was made by the Chinese long before the Christian era, it was not until the eighth century that the art of paper making was brought to Europe. The spread of this new art was slow, and it was not until the fourteenth century that paper became common just in time to be of great use to Gutenburg’s invention, printing. It is very postponedthat the invention of the printing press would have been postponed for years if paper had not been available.
In very early times people used stone walls, monuments, bones of animals, the smooth bark of trees, pieces of broken pottery, palm leaves, dried animal skins and soft clay as material on which to write. Papyrus was used by the Egyptians who wrote on it with pens of sharpened sticks or reeds and ink mixed from vegetable gum. soot, and water. Papyrus was made by laying thin slices of the stem of the papyrus plant with their edges overlapping across other slices laid at right angles. The whole was moistened with water, pressed down, and the rough places smoothed off with ivory or a smooth shell. The slices were glued together to form a tough white or ivory-colored sheet.
Before real paper was invented, the waste left over from the making of silk thread could be washed and flattened into a kind of paste which, when dried and smoothed, was used for a writing surface. After years and years of experiments and improvements, using rags, wood pulp and minerals, smooth sheets of fine paper were made.
Until the nineteenth century cotton and linen rags were the materials mostly used to make paper. They were cleaned, soaked, boiled, and reduced to a pulp by beating and grinding. The pulp was spread in thin layers and dried between sheets of felt to form paper.
About the beginning of the nineteenth century the modern process of paper-making by machinery was invented. By far the greater part of the world’s output is now made from wood pulp. Linen and cotton rags, Hax waste and sweepings are still used for fine paper. The best tissue papers are made of hemp and rags. Wrapping papers are made of all kinds of fibers, straw, wood pulp, old rope and twine. Newsprint paper in countries where wood is plentiful, is made from wood pulps, rags, straw, etc. Most book papers are now made of wood pulp. While wood pulp remains the cheapest and most readily available material up to the present, probably necessity will drive us to the utilization of other plant fibers in its place.
It takes more than five million cords of pulpwood each year to supply the paper needs of our country. In Northern and Central Wisconsin there are many paper-making plants where logs, cut into short lengths, are barked and trimmed. Then they are sliced up into small chips which are put into a huge tank along with a sulphite solution which softens them. Steam is forced in. When the chips have cooked for several hours in the solution, the fibers are separated, and a pulp is formed. After the thick creamy mass has been washed and filtered through screens, it is drawn into large tanks where a solution of bleaching powder makes the pulp white. China clay and coloring matter is added, and all is thoroughly mixed by machinery. The pulp is then spread on an endless copper screen so fine that the water drains off while the fibers remain. The pulp is then passed between rollers which force out any excess moisture, and paper is the result.
24This is wound into rolls or cut into sheets as desired.
Everywhere we turn we find paper. Our magazines, newspapers and books are made of paper. We wrap our bundles in paper. We use paper tablets or writing paper for writing. Paper labels are universally used. Cans, boxes, pails and other containers are made of paper. The walls of our houses are decorated with wall paper and the roof covered with paper shingles. The sandwiches which we carry to school or to picnics are wrapped in waxed paper to keep them moist and fresh. The uses to which we put paper have been so multiplied that it would be difficult to think of life todav without paper.
Paper is the means by which knowledge is spread. Modern science and invention owe their existence largely to the abundant supply of paper. Without cheap and abundant paper to convey our thoughts and desires we would not have the free democratic form of government which makes the United States the most desirable place to live in today.
Gutenburg's Home And Surroundings
By Yachtman Sue
IN the fourteenth century Germany was not a nation, but a number of small states, such as Bavaria. Baden. Macklenberg, Hanover. Each state had a separate ruler. These were petty states, varying in population from less than a thousand people to more than ten thousand and they were ruled by dukes and counts. These states were independent of one another and each ruler had his own little court and courtiers. The ruler was an absolute dictator and collected taxes from his subjects, charged a tariff duty upon all goods crossing his boundaries, and had his standing army—in the small states consisting of only one or two officers anti a handful of privates. Often one monarch quarreled with another about taxes, or something else, and then a war was declared, the two fighting with great vigor. Sometimes many states joined the fray.
In every small town there were a few stores and houses far apart from each other and a few trees around every home. The roads were of dirt, but some of them were of cobblestones, and it was only natural that people were easily riled when bothered by the awful noise of cart wheels passing over them. Also near the city there were small farms where people lived, and they had a little livestock of their own. At that time there were no fences and many people had to go to the fields to cut down the grass with their sickles for their livestock. The people had a hard time to manage their stock. Each farm had orchards which raised apples, plums, and so forth.
25In the forests around the town there were many trees, mostly firs, and the people gathered the cones which fell from them to use for fuel. Also they got some wood for winter fuel. The people had entertainments for their friends and relatives. They had plenty of food and wine. They were entertaind by music, played by harpists or violinists. They certainly enjoyed these entertainments because they spent so much of their time at home. Sometimes such dinners lasted three or four hours. Coffee was served at four o'clock and supper between seven and nine. The latter was the pleasantest meal of the day, being usually a reunion of the family. It was a lunch of bread and butter, meats, cheese, sardines, hard-boiled eggs, with tea, beer or wine— sometimes with all of them. Potatoes were stored in the cellars and vegetables such as cabbages, turnips, carrots and onions were buried in layers of mold. The other vegetables, such as French beans, peas, etc. were preserved in tins for winter use. Women and girls had to stay at home where they could spin or weave while the men and boys did their work in their gardens or fields or went hunting animals for meat. The people had their own hand-made clothing and their shoes were made of skin from the animals they hunted.
Before the time of Martin Luther, who was born in 1183, everyone was Catholic and they had to go to church. Martin Luther was apposed to that religion. So he changed his religion and many people followed him. There were no schools for the children during those times and they were taught at home. The people traveled by boats or on horseback.
During the fifteenth century there were no shows such as we have now, but there were minstrels who traveled everywhere giving entertainments. Many of these minstrels had lost favor at the courts and they had to wander around the country to earn their own living.
Ariadna Literary Society
rr% )|E Ariadna Literary Society is a club organized to promote the I literary activities of the girls. Mrs. Helen Williams, Miss Neesam, and Miss Humphrey have been the advisers this year. This group meets the third Thursday of every month.
The officers are: Loretta Szablewski. President; Edith Lovett. Vice President; Bernice Yankowsky, Treasurer; Marlene Stittleberg, Secretary; and Betty Estling, Librarian. The “Milwaukee Journal”, and the “Janesville Gazette” have been subscribed for this year as well as the Sunday “Milwaukee Sentinel” and “Chicago Tribune”. They have also had "Life .
The programs, put on by the girls, have consisted of poems, biographies, current events, debates, and plays. Just before Christmas a joint meetnig of the Ariadna and Phoenix Literary Societies was held in Hannan Hall. A short program was given. After the program a social time was enjoyed by all the members present.
On March 23rd all the members of the Ariadna Literary Society enjoyed the movie, "Gone with the ind. I his was their tieat for the year.
Phoenix Literary Society
THE Phoenix Literary Society, under the direction of Mr. Rood and Mr. Cameron, has had a successful year At its first meeting early last fall the following officers were elected: Silas Hirte, President; Royal Eklof. Vice-President; Lloyd Hagen. Secretary; Yachtman Sue, Treasurer and Russell James, Librarian.
Due to the unusually large membership meetings were held in Hannan Assembly Hall. The programs dealt chiefly with current topics and included two debates. The program given jointly with the Ariadna Literary Society at Christmas time was one of the best presented at this school in recent years. One of the highlights of the program was a play. “The Tired Shepherd Boy” presented by the boys.
THE Hollister Club, an organization of older boys in the upper study of Phoenix Hall, this year number about forty-five. Its main purpose is to furnish activities to its members during idle hours; such as, parties, games and other entertainments and also to furnish newspapers and magazines to the older boys. Meetings are called only when some needed business is brought to the attention of the officers.Each fall when school opens, new officers are elected. This year Silas Hirte was President; Robert Pagel, Vice-President; Mlacolm Gardiner, Secretary; Russell James, Treasurer; Andrew Baran, Librarian and Joseph Kozlik. Quartermaster.
At the end of the first semester the club gave a party in the upper study of Phoenix Hall to celebrate the passing of the semester. Games were played and prizes given to the winners. After the games, refreshments were served. Everyone enjoyed the party thoroughly.
Between the time of the Central States Tourney and the National Tourney, the members formed four basketball teams and held a tournament of their own. The “Wildcats” were the victors.
This club, which was organized not long ago, is directed by Mr. Kastner, the boys’ supervisor. It is one of the best clubs ever to be organized in this school.
THE Hobby Club was organized at the beginning of the school year -L ot 1940. It was organized to replace the Boy Scout troop which found it necessary to disband, owing to a lack of funds.
The purpose of the club was first of all to encourage hobbies among the boys between the ages of ten and seventeen under supervision. It also helps the boys to get acquainted with club work according to rules. The members of the club are also interested in sports and sponsored a basketball tournament in the early spring. The boys have enjoyed a number of boxing matches and are planning on doing more along this line next year.
The Hobby Club has forty members. During this first year, no dues were required of the members, but all will be charged a small membership fee next year.
At the beginning of the year the following officers were elected: President, Leslie Phillips, Vice-President, Joe Zinkowich; Secretary, Lester A his; Treasurer, John Ralowicz.
rPHE purpose of the Broadway Club is to promote speech among the -1- oral pupils of our school. We have found that this club develops an interest in this accomplishment throughout the student body. It also gives the students confidence in speaking not only to each other but also before an audience. It gives them poise, self assurance and self-expression.
Membership in this society is open to the older oral students ranging from the Tenth grade through the Twelfth.
Officers were elected at the first meeting of the year. They are President. Carola Davis; Vice-President; Francis Perry; Secretary and
28Treasurer, Loretta Szablewski; and Committee Chairman, La Verne Hanson.
During the year the Broadway Club presented The False Face, C hristmas Candles, Abraham Lincoln and His First Shave. Before a cast is formed for any play, the members have “try outs.” The students are allowed to try out for the part each desires. They also assist in chosing the characters of the play themselves. Each member of the club has had some part in a play and has also had an opportunity to work back stage either as prompter, stage manager, call boy or some other task.
The meetings were held in the Acoustic Room on the first Friday of the month throughout the school year.
The Happy Heart Group
FOR the first time in the history of our school a recreational club was organized last fall. It is called “The Happy Heart Group” and is composed of boys and girls above the ninth grade. The club meets every Friday afternoon to play games, dance or go hiking.
At the first meeting officers were elected. Representatives for the girls are Carola Davis and Geneva Broege. Robert Pagel and Francis Perry represent the boys. Lloyd Hagen was chosen secretary. These officers meet every Monday with Miss Steck, who is sponsor of the group, to arrange a program for the following Fiday.
One Friday afternoon we had a baseball game. One team defeated the other by a very high score, but both victors and vanquished enjoyed the fun. The boys were required to bat left handed which wasn’t easy for some.
One Friday during the winter we had a meeting to elect officers to replace two who were on the basketball team. Burton Schmidt took Francis Perry’s place and Loretta Szablewski took Lloyd Hagen’s.
At a recent meeting, which was the last for the present term, the name of the club was changed to “Friday Club”.
The club has given us all a great deal of pleasure and we hope it will continue for many years to come.
Football practice started the second week in September and on the 14th we had an alumni game which we won. The Stoughton game was played on the City Athletic field on the night of September 20th and our boys were beaten 28 to 0, although they did good work. We played another night game against the St. Catherine team at Racine on the twenty-seventh of September which resulted in a 19 to 0 score in our favor. A week later our boys were invited to dinner at the Northwestern Military and Naval Academy on Lake Geneva and
to play football in the afternoon. We were beaten 20 to 0.
W.S. D.................... 20 Alumni ..................... 0
W. S. D.................... 6 Stoughton...................28
W. S. D................... 19 St. Catherine............... 0
W. S. D.................... 0 N .W. Mil. and Naval Aca’y . 20
W. S. D................... 39 Minnesota....................0
W. S. D.................... 6 Indiana .................... 0
The Minnesota Game Our boys drove to Faribault, Minnesota to play the Minnesota School on October 12. We won an easy game. 39 to 0. There were quite a number of rooters from Wisconsin at the game. Our boys had an enjoyable time on the trip.
The Indiana Game The football season closed with our homecoming game on the twenty-sixth of October when we played the Indiana School. The score was 6 to 0 in our favor. Twice receivers, who were free to score dropped passes Fitch threw to them. There was a good crowd at the game. In the evening a party was enjoyed by the Alumni. Indiana players and students.
The 1940-1941 Basketball Season
Practice for the basketball season opened two weeks after the homecoming football game. Players who made the first team squad were: Forwards. C. Fitch. G. Vertz. and L. Boettcher; Centers, F. Perry. W. Riege. and H. Schmidt; Guards, R. Shields. W. Reinick. and A. Marino. They played good ball during the season, winning twelve of seventeen games. Our boys won and lost several games by close margins. Strangely enough the boys did better away than at home except at the National Tournament.
The Season’s Record
W S. D. 41
W. S. D. 17
W S 1) 29
W S D. 31
W S. D. 30
W S D. 32
w S D
W S. D. 28
W S D 44
W. S. D. 37
W. S. D. 29
W S. D. 44
W S. D. 35
W. S. D. 43
W. S. D. 30
W.S. I). 48
W K I) 47
South Beloit, III..........33
Elkhorn .................. 11
Stoughton ................ 31
Portage ................. 21
Edgewood ................. 34
U. of Wis. Extension......36
Edgewood ................. 34
Delavan .................. 39
St. Catherine .............35
U. of Wis. Extension......33
South Beloit ............. 48
Elkhorn .................. 46
The 1941 Central States Tourney The Central States tournament was held at Columbus. Ohio Feb. 28. March 1. Wisconsin won the championship by defeating Indiana. Illinois, and Ohio. This was the fourth Central States Championship we have won. Three were won in the last five years.
Illinois ................... 34
Indiana .................... 27
Indiana .................... 33
The Wisconsin team was also
Fitch was placed at forward
Indiana ..................... 30
Ohio ........................ 20
Ohio ........................ 24
awarded the sportsmanship trophy, on the all tournament team by the
vote of officials and coaches.
The National Tourney The National tournament was held at Jacksonville on March 21, 22. Arkansas, Illinois, Pennsylvania (Mt. Airy) and Wisconsin competed. Arkansas with one of the biggest teams ever at a National Meet won all its games to take the championship. Illinois was second, Pennsylvania third, and Wisconsin fourth. Wisconsin was decidedly off form at this tournament.
Arkansas 42 Wisconsin 28
Illinois 44 Pennsvlvania 26
Illinois 41 Wisconsin 37
Arkansas 42 Pennsylvania 34
Pennsylvania 33 Wisconsin 32
Arkansas 45 Illinois 39
3 Tattler Tales
Between you and me and the gate post:
When Royal Eklof was in the lower grades, a story about a hunter that encountered a panther was about to be dramatized. Royal was to take the part of the hunter and Miss Bossi the panther. The scene was all set. As Royal crept up with his gun, which was a pointer, the panther sprang at him with gnashing teeth and claws all ready for a seizure. The fierceness was so real to Royal that he lost his courage, turned pale, dropped his gun. and fell helpless to the floor.
You know the president of the senior class is not so perfect as some would think. He was quite an angel before he came to school, being the only child in the family. However, not long after entering school, he was in a raid that the small boys made on the pantry. The youngest boys were then housed above the printing office. Knowing where the supervisor kept the key of this particularly interesting room, where tempting tidbits were in abundance; and knowing, too, that she wouldn’t return to the dormitory right after dinner, they flew from the dining room, secured the key, and in the pantry filled their mouths, pockets, and blouses with fruit and candy. In the wood pile close by they also hid a goodly supply for future use.
Alas! when the supervisor appeared, she seemed to be onto the whole scheme, even though the boys were playing with their toys quite unconcerned. By standing the little mischief makers up in line and questioning each one as she looked straight into his eyes, she discovered who the ringleader was. That night he was not allowed to go to the movie while the rest of them. Silas included, not only got their fill of delicacies, but enjoyed the movies as well.
Henry Schmidt is usually considered a pretty fair talker, but one day some years ago, his mother sent him to a near by grocery store for some postum.
As the grocer came up to him, Henry said, “I want a pound of ‘possum’.”
The man appeared with a pound of popcorn. “No”, said Henry and repeated, “possum”.
One thing after another came down from the shelves. At last postum was brought and Henry with a broad grin said, ‘‘Yes, that’s it.”
32What do you think good old reliable Yachtman Sue did once? He wouldn’t do anything now to make his father and mother worry. In fact, they depend upon him for a great deal. But a good many years ago when his family had just moved to Milwaukee, and his mother was very busy settling, Yachtman was left outside playing. A neighbor boy came over to get acquainted.
For hours poor Mrs. Sue paced the floor frantically because her little boy was nowhere to be found. About five o’clock a small lad with coal dust from head to foot wearily trudged toward the Sue home. His mother saw him through the window. Out she ran, and in less than no time Yachtman was in her arms. He and his companion had been down to the railroad yards playing “robber and policeman”. In spite of his mother’s relief and joy at finding him, she gave him the spanking he needed and put him to bed.
Before entering this school, Robert Bagel and a chum of his, on their way to school, were tempted to roam through a woods close by to make some nature investigations. It was a perfect day for such an adventure. Some pretty eggs in a nest in a big bush were so inviting that the boys reached in for them. The shells were so frail that they broke.
Their consciences began to prick, so, even though they were very late, they went to school. For the sake of the teacher and the pupils, they had to sit by themselves, for those eggs had been far from fresh. It took a heap of scrubbing before Robert could sit down to eat with his family that night.
This is one on Carola Davis, who is always so accurate about everything. It was early in the spring last year, and it was Carola’s duty to awaken Geneva Broege, the other monitor. One morning Carola half asleep looked at her watch, which she thought said six o’clock. With a bound she was up and had Geneva half scared to death by telling her it was late. After they had washed and were about to get the girls up, Geneva said. “I can’t understand why I’m so sleepy. It’s so dark. Do you suppose you made a mistake?”
As soon as they had gone back to their room. Carola did look again at her watch and found it was a little after two o’clock. To this day she can’t explain why she made the mistake.
34Vocational SectionVocational Graduates
DORIS THOM Hurley
FAY CAMPTON Rice Lake
36MYRON KRULL Nichols
MARGARET CHRISTIANSEN Delavan3«
MORRIS ERICKSON Raid winROBERT SHIELDS Kcnoshu
HELEN MACHOVEC Y uba
By Helen Marie Machovec
TN w Irani things about
I homemaking. We learn about many different rec-■ ■ipes and how to make them. Some of us planned a menu for a breakfast. Four girls cooked, and two served. The rest of the girls sat at the table and ate breakfast. By doing this, we learned how to plan, cook and serve a meal. We learned how to set the table and also table manners.
All of the clothes which we made were modeled in the Style Show. We learned to choose patterns and colors which are suited to our hair, eyes, complexions and figures. We made street dresses, evening dresses, slacks, shorts, housecoats, pajamas, and laundry bags. We embroidered many of our things. Some of the older girls made small children's clothes. It was a good thing to sew for the little children and it gave them practice making children's clothes.
One important thing which we learned was how to make becoming dresses which cost only a small amount of money.
Our Spring Examination
By Margaret Christiansen
EVERY Spring some of the girls in Cookery serve luncheons that are a part of our examinations, to show our teacher what we remember of the work she has given to us during the year. These luncheons are given by those girls who have been in Cookery three years. The luncheons are served in the dining room in Walker Hall, because that is where our Home Economic classes are held.
We girls decide what we want to serve. Then we show the menu to Mrs. Hurdis, our teacher, to see if she approves. We also decide what teachers we want to invite for our guests. Our teacher helps us plan the colors we want to use in the dining room. The invitations and the place cards are made by the girls of our class in the Art Room.
The different kinds of work are written on slips of paper and put into a box, and we draw out a slip. Two girls are hostesses. The rest of the girls serve, and cook. The girls work in groups.
The hostesses must remember how to meet the guests, how to entertain them, and what to do in the dining room. Those who serve must remember their duties, too. They must serve correctly, and see that the glasses are filled with water, and that guests have what they need, like rolls and butter. Those who cook must remember how to cook the food and what dishes are right. Our teacher sits in the room while we work but she expects us to do the work alone.
40After our guests are gone all the girls have their luncheon and then they all do up the work and the kitchen and dining room is nice and clean for the next day.
By Edward Van Dusen
UNTIL four years ago the State School bakery was in the old kitchen which was destroyed when the building occupied by the chapel, the pupil’s dining-room and kitchen burned down. This kitchen was small and cramped as well as inconvenient as the boys didn’t get much enjoyment from their work there.
In 1938 our new bakery was completed. It is a fine place. This bakery is modern and sanitary. The floors are of tile and have rounded covers which makes it easy to keep clean.
The first thing a visitor would notice is the big revolving gas oven. Its’ capacity is eighty loaves of bread but other things besides bread are baked here.
The power-mixer is of the latest type. It mixes the ingredients of the different kinds of cakes and cookies that the baker calls for.
The boys in the bakery class are required to dress in spotless white uniforms because bakeries all over the state are under the State Board of Bakery Inspectors and they require cleanliness. They must also be careful of their health and must always wash their hands before going to work.
A few boys who have taken the course in bakery at the Wisconsin School for the Deaf have obtained employment in large cities.
In this school the baker expects his boys to do their work well and quickly. He requires them to be honest and trustworthy. He demands cleanliness and their best work. We must be on this job at the right time and take care of our own equipment because we must know what we are to use in the individual job.
By Doris Thom
OUR art room is on th Hall. It is a pleasant windows. When we 1
the north side of Walker room with many north look out of the windows field that slopes down to Turf
we can see a large green is a beautiful view.
In the art room the girls and boys do many things. Some of them paint or do soap carving. Others do crayon work, drawing and weav-
4 in . The Kiris have enjoyed making belts for themselves. They bought squares of wood, and painted pictures on each square. The pictures were very bright and pretty. The girls then strung the squares together with bright colored cord. Some of the girls painted the letters of their names on the wooden squares instead of pictures.
Some girls made wall hangings in the art room. They drew a design on some cloth very carefully with colored crayon. Then they pressed the design with a very hot iron so that the colors would not be easily rubbed off.
It was fun to carve Scotty dogs from soap. They make nice ornaments for a table or a shelf.
This year we have learned many things from Art. We have learned to make curtains and table covers that are nice for our homes. We have also made beautiful Christmas cards and many Christmas gifts. Sometimes we have sold the things we made. It is fun to earn money in this way.
Our Farm At W.S.D.
By Raymond Boettcher
OCR school farm is west of our campus. There are many buildings, a barn, a poultry house, a house for pigs, a granary in the barn, a machinery-storage house and a house and farm buildings on a rented farm. WTe have seventy-five acres of work land owned by the State of Wisconsin. There are one hundred eight acres of the rented farm and it is located only a short distance from our school. Our farm will produces three acres of wheat for chicken feed, twenty acres of oats, twenty-four acres of barley, thirty-five acres of corn and thirty-nine acres of hay and alfalfa this year.
Last summer our school threshed one thousand nine hundred fitty eight bushels of oats from thirty-one acres, one thousand three twenty-four acres of barley, thirty-five acres of corn and thirty-nine eight bushels of wheat from three acres. May and alfalfa are stored in the barn every summer for the purpose of providing feed for the horses and cows for winter. Corn also is fed.
Rhubarb, string beans, tomatoes, beets and cucumber pickles are canned during the summer for winter use. The vegetables are planted in our garden during the spring, to supply fresh vegetables for the late spring and summer. In autumn the vegetables are stored in the root-cellar to keep for further use by the employees and the pupils during the winter season. Our farmers milk tweny-five cows of the Holstein breed. This is the source of our milk supply. The farmer has two De Laval milking-machines. There are six steers which are to
4Jbe slaughtered later for beef. We also have fifty pigs which are to be butchered for meat.
There are two hundred fifty leghorns. The farmers collect about one hundred ninety eggs per day.
Four Belgian work horses are in the barn and there arc three colts. The farmer cultivates the corn with a tractor, plows with a traitor and cultivates the ground with horses and a harrow. The horses haul the corn and hay from the fields to the barn where they are stored.
The pupils work under a supervisor in the garden and in this way learn how to care for a garden.
Our farm has a head farmer and three hired men who help “the boss” through the year.
Farming is a good occupation for the deaf and perhaps in the future an agriculture course may be added to our curriculum.
Our Green House
By Myron Krull
WHEN I was offered a chance to spend a period each day in our green house learning how to plant and care for flowers and other plants, I wasn’t sure then that I would like the idea. However, I am glad now that 1 had the opportunity, because I have spent many happy hours just puttering around with plants, and. 1 hope to spend many more happy and profitable hours in this work that I have learned to love.
One of the first things I had to do was to learn the names of the various plants and learn to recognize them. I learned, too, that it is wise to test the seeds of flowers before planting. A simple but effective apparatus may be made for testing seeds by using a box over which you place a piece of blatting paper. This method you may learn in a few minutes and it is a great help. Most of all I learned to love flowers and to care for them properly.
There are many lovely and beautiful flowers in the diflerent flowers beds and gardens around our institution.
There are Hydrangeas, Geraniums, Morning-Glories and many other common but pretty flowers.
The Hydrangea grows in practically any soil, even on bare and thin. It is important to remember that the harder the pruning, the fewer will be the flower heads, but they will be larger and more vigorous.
Geraniums are easily raised. It is necessary only to slip them into the ground and await results. They do not object to poor soil and will
43tfrow better than almost any plant of standing in a dry place. They never stop flowering till frost comes, throwing out new blossoms well above the leaves in truly decorative fashion. No wonder experts chide the amateur for its passion for geraniums.
The Morning Glory is another popular favorite—a little common in the eyes of fastidious experts but possessing a simple beauty that his expensive varieties seldom equal.
It would be fun to tell more about my work, but I haven’t time now. I must water the flowers.
By Marlene Slittleberg
THE WISCONSIN SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF is fortunate in having a well equipped Beauty Shop. A course in Beauty Culture is offered to a large number of girls. It has made them more conscious of their personal appearance and today most girls delight in having a neat hair dress and well groomed linger nails.
I he Beauty Shop, which is in Hannan Hall, is kept sanitary. The girls are taught to manicure finger nails, shampoo and wave hair, marcel and to give beauty treatments in general. Hair cutting is also taken up and the hair of the very young girls is kept neatly trimmed by the girls of this class.
The girls learn the names of all tools used and are expected to use the proper names when asking for tools or for service wanted. They also are taught to sterilize the combs, brushes, and other instruments used in this work.
The shop has two chairs.
The girls practice on one another. Marcelling is one of the hardest parts of the course. To use the electric barber clippers is another difficult phase of this work.
There are also two electric hair dryers in this shop. These are a great convenience and the girls appreciate getting their hair dried quickly.
The girls are required to dress neatly, keep themselves as clean as possible and, at all times to do their best. Even in our beauty shop we learn that what is worth doing at all is worth doing well.
In some state institutions deaf girls have taken the state examination offered for Beauty ( ulture operators and have secured good positions and have become successful in their chosen work.
44Learning Printing In our School
By Warren Riege
THE first year the boys in our school take printing, they start in by learning how to set type by hand.
First we take a composing stick and some leads.
Then we start to set the type in the composing stick. When the form is set, we take a proof of it. Then we make corrections. Next we learn how to impose the form, lock-up and make-ready on a job press and to feed the press.
Then we learn how to impose the form, lock-up and make ready on a job press and to feed the press.
Next we practice how to cut paper without wasting it. Next we learn how to make up and print the real forms, booklets and letter heads for the school.
In April 1940 I got a job at the Delavan Enterprise. First I worked there every Saturday. Then in June I worked every day and this year I have a steady job at the Printing Office. My work at the Printing office is casting stereotypes from mats, squaring the casts, padding, feeding the press, sorting the type and spacing material, smelting metal, keeping the stock room clean, and oiling the machinery. I hope I will be able to keep my job, because I like it.
By Fay Campion
SEVERAL weeks ago a class in auto mechanics was organized in the boys’ Vocational Department. Three boys are in charge of the work under the direction of the principal. At present the class is engaged in such work as washing, polishing and simonizing automobiles belonging to the various teachers and employees of the school. A small charge is being made for the work done and each boy receives ten cents for working a school period. Materials and equipment are bought out of the profits. Eventually, the class expects to learn about car repairing and possibly painting.
We are not prepared to tell about the mechanics of automobiles yet but we can tell of a start which is being made in that direction here at our school.
For the present we are marking time until there is included in the school budget adequate funds to purchase tools to do justice in all lines of auto mechanics.
45Perhaps a few words to illustrate what we would like to have in the near future will show the possibilities of this trade. An air pressure pump would be very useful in cleaning gasolines, spark plugs, repairing of tires and for general cleaning of cushions by a vacuum cleaner. We might even have a fender repair department if the tools were furnished. The list is endless but picture what could be done if we had a paint department, welding department, upholstering and a battery crew. These perhaps are idle dreams but much could be gained from such an auto mechanics course.
The Carpenter Shop
By Morris Erickson
NE of the most useful trades is that of carpentry, especially for young men who are from farms. It is a great advantage for a farmer to know how to do his own repairing and building. A young man. if he is interested at all in carpentry, and finishes this department at our school, may become a good carpenter and often finds employment in woodwork factories through out the state.
Boys begin working in this department as soon as they can properly and safely handle tools. Not everyone can become a good carpenter, but he can at least learn how to handle the simpler tools of the trade. Then he will be able to show dad and mother how well he can repair the things that go wrong about the premises, such as sticky doors and drawers, broken chairs and so forth. Besides repairing things around the house, they may make things to sell as many others have done.
Every boy. who knows how to use carpenter tools, should provide himself with a corner about the house for a workshop. In such a spot he could put in many a happy and profitable hour.
By Robert Shields
AT the State School the boys are given instruction in carpentry. After they have learned the names of tools, the different kinds of wood, the different machines and their use, they begin to make from pine small things like birdhouses, tie holders and waste baskets. When they have learned to handle different tools well, they are allowed to make more difficult things.
Woodworking requires a great deal of practice. The shop in the Wisconsin School for the Deaf is well equipped. The pupils use
46the power jointer to make the rough boards smooth. For table legs, lamps and bed posts they use the turning lathe.
When a boy wishes to cut out designs in his work, he uses the band-saw. Sometimes the boys are careless and break the band-saw. Then they have to learn how to repair it.
For angles, corners and frames, the miter box and saw help to make these perfect without the waste of wood.
The instructor watches carefully the work of each boy and tries to help him do it well. He expects each boy in his class to do the best he can.
The boys also paint or varnish the things they have made. Sometime they put a dull finish on and this requires a great deal of rubbing.
Some boys learn to repair roofs and also to put new shingles on. All this is very valuable for anybody as it will help him to keep his home in good repair and perhaps it will help him earn a living.
September 4—School opened with over forty new pupils.
September 5—Russell Schommer kept singing “God Bless America.” all day long.
September 20—The Happy Heart Group decided to have a supper at the Boy Scout Log Cabin.
October 5—The football squad was invited to a luncheon at the Northwestern Military and Naval Academy and played their team later that day.
October 16—Four of the deaf boys went to Delavan to register for conscription. They were Andrew Baran, Francis Buchholz, Myron Krull, and Edward Van Dusen.
October 24—Burton Schmidt was struck with the chicken pox. Poor boy! He tried his best to keep nine little boys quiet over Miss Matteson’s room.
October 26—Homecoming day, everyone was glad to see old friends again. We defeated Indiana 6-0.
November 7, 8, 9—The teachers were off to Milwaukee for the State Convention so that gave some of us a few days to study and catch up with our work.
November 11—Our first snow storm, which will be remembered by many people for years to come.
November 21—Nearly everybody went home for Thanksgiving.
November 24—Pupils returned with full stomachs and dull minds.
December 6—The advanced printing class visited the “Beloit Daily News ’ plant.
December 20—Most everybody went home for Christmas vacation.
December 21—Mr. Gant and Miss Fisher were married in Janesville at the Presbyterian Church.
January 6—All was well after a fine vacation, but examinations were near.
January 9—The Boys’ Upper Study smelled like a hamburger shop with all the finishing touches as there was much cooking going on.
January 14, 17—Examinations, oh-h-h! Several pupils were seen bitting their nails.
January 20—Our worries were over as we began the Second Semester’s work.
January 29—Robert Pagel had some bad luck one day finding that he didn’t have a shirt for school, so he borrowed Burton Schmidt’s sweatshirt.
4 February 1—Miss Pegg, a teacher of the seventh grade oral class was married. Mr. and Mrs. Bray and Mr. and Mrs. Lowe were to attend the ceremony, but did not on account of a snow storm.
February 2—Henry Schmidt had seen his "Love” for the last time.
February 4—There was a game of volley-ball in the girls' gym between gym classes from Delavan High School and W. S.D.
February 7—Our basketball team played in the home gym winning from Durand by the score of 30 to 22.
February 14—We had a Valentine party in the Assembly Hall and then danced for about two hours.
February 17—"Blue Monday,” after a dance, basketball game, and a movie all in one week end.
February 23—Francis Perry was singing "Let Me Call You Sweetheart”. Who is she, Francis?
February 27—The basketball team started for Columbus, Ohio, to play in the Central States Tournament.
March 2—The team arrives home with the Central States Championship trophy in addition to a trophy for the good sportsmanship of the team.
March 10—The Delavan High School Girls and the girls from this school played basketball.
March 15—The girls gave a surprise party for the two senior girls. Carols Davis and Geneva Broege.
March 17—Had a grand time at the St. Patrick’s Day dance .
March 20—The Literary Society arranged for a joint meeting of the boys and girls, but the girls didn’t appear.
March 21—C harles Winchester invented a new method for closing his bedroom door from his study table without walking all the way to it, by means of a few pieces of rope.
March 2—The basketball boys arrived home from Jacksonville, Illinois without any prize after losing every game at the National Tournament.
March 26—Mr. Rood injured himself as the result of a fall.
March 29—The Lutheran minister sponsored a show for the children in the Assembly Hall.
April 1—Charles Winchester was the first to fool Mr. Kastner by telling him the bell was ringing.
April 4—The hearing aid class gave a play "His First Shave”. Mayor Zeidler of Milwaukee gave a short talk and sang "The Old Mill Stream” as well as giving it in signs. Many autograph albums were in evidence after his talk.
April 10—It was strange that on one was hurt the way the pupils flew around here getting ready to go home .
49April M—The pupils returned with unhappy faces after having a good time at home.
April 15—The boys called Alex Poliak, “Ex-con", because he was wearing a striped sweater today.
April 18—Mr. Bray entertained the Senior Class at the annual Banquet.
April 25th and 26th—The annual Spring Program was a great success on both nights. The Orchestra from the School for the Blind furnished the music, and Betty Brown was responsible for showing them around.
May 3—The girls have evened up with the boys as they played basketball at Jacksonville, Illinois.
May 10—The Junior Prom, a grand evening.
June 1—Baccalaureate Address
June 4—Commencement, everybody holding back his tears, but the Seniors are happy over their new diplomas. “Never before."
June 5, 6—VVHEE! All have gone home, and peace and quiet reign once more at W. S. D.
Suggestions in the Wisconsin School for the Deaf - Tattler Yearbook (Delavan, WI) collection:
Are you trying to find old school friends, old classmates, fellow servicemen or shipmates? Do you want to see past girlfriends or boyfriends? Relive homecoming, prom, graduation, and other moments on campus captured in yearbook pictures. Revisit your fraternity or sorority and see familiar places. See members of old school clubs and relive old times. Start your search today!
Looking for old family members and relatives? Do you want to find pictures of parents or grandparents when they were in school? Want to find out what hairstyle was popular in the 1920s? E-Yearbook.com has a wealth of genealogy information spanning over a century for many schools with full text search. Use our online Genealogy Resource to uncover history quickly!
Are you planning a reunion and need assistance? E-Yearbook.com can help you with scanning and providing access to yearbook images for promotional materials and activities. We can provide you with an electronic version of your yearbook that can assist you with reunion planning. E-Yearbook.com will also publish the yearbook images online for people to share and enjoy.
Material on this website is protected by copyright laws of the United States and international treaties.
No protected images or material on this website may be copied or printed without express authorization.