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Page 16 text:
By Raymond Ste er
.Mnkntaimcshekinkiuk or Black Hawk. U" he was known to his people, in fact to everyone in this country, was horn nt the Sac village on the Bock River in I7fi7.
Black Hawk's early life was like any other hoy’s. His father, Pyosa. was then the chief of the Sacs, but he did not permit his son to wear feathers or paint his face until he was fifteen.
It was when Bluck Hawk was fifteen also that he engnged in his first battle with the enemy, After the battle he took part In his first sculp dance.
When Bluck Hawk was nineteen years of age. his father died, leaving him in charge of several hundred warriors; but it was not until he was twenty-four that he became the chief.
During the early part of his life he showed a fondness for the whites, never harming any of them. In fact several time he tried his best to overcome the troubles existing between his men und the white people. At various times when the whites threatened to dispose of the Sacs, Black Hawk look no opposing action but remained silent, knowing that this would be the best thing, not only for himself, but for his beloved people.
One day his adopted son, who was very dear to him. was found slain. Upon discovering that he had been shot in the back by one of these strangers whom he had befriended, Black Hawk could not refrain from showing revenge by the same hostile act.
Black Hawk and his band traveled all over the country. On the Mississippi River hi people owned seven hundred miles of land extending from Wisconsin to Missouri.
It wn the custom of the men of his tribe to go hunting every fall and return with provisions the following spring.
Black Hawk had for some time believed that the whites were untruthful, and an experience which he had one day proved to him beyond the shadow of a doubt that this was true. It was that they influenced him to sign a document by which he gave away his village not knowing it contents. When he was afterwards told to get off the land he owned, he refused point blank saying it belonged to his people. Finally soldier were called nnd Bluck Hawk, not wanting to start war, bade his people move off peacefully.
After Black Hawk and his people departed from their village, they roamed from place to place, a resentful forlorn tribe. Many of them died from cold und starvation that winter. In the spring they returned to the vicinity of their village io find it in utter ruins.
The white continued to be bothersome until finally Black Hawk sent out four warriors on u mission of pence. Three of these were murdered by the enemy, but the other managed to escape and tell the tale to his chlof.
Black Hawk, long friendly with the whites, now set out with his warriors, five hundred strong, to punish them for this ruthless deed. In a battle, known ns the battle of Bad Axe. Black Hawk’s army had little chance ugainst the three thousand on the opposing side. Hl« own horse was shot under him. Black Hawk, not wanting to lose all his men, retreated and returned to his people.
At that time the Sioux Indians wore generally known to be the most murderous tribe of Indians in existence. They were a menace to Black Hawk's tribe attacknig them frequently, causing great loss of life, thus diminishing Black Hawk's tribe.
By 18 10 most of his tribe bad died or had been killed. The very few that remained were hi faithful followers.
In the fall of that year Bluck Hawk gave him e|f up to the war chief of Fort Crawford at Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, He, who was once a noble chief, was now a prisoner of war all of his own free will. He had given himself up for the sake of the peace-loving Sac nation.
On his journey to the JelTerson Barracks, he surveyed the land whoso inhabitants had caused him so much trouble. He beheld the fine houses of these intruders, built on the ground that had belonged to the Indiuns. who hud not received h dollar for it.
Throughout that winter Black Hawk remained at the Jefferson Barracks a prisoner. There he was treated with the utmost kindness, but was ohliged to wear the ball and chain like any other prisoner. This he resented greatly.
Keokuk, an Indian interpreter, nnd some of his men petitioned the president to release Black Hawk. They were ordered to come to Washington nnd to bring Bluck Hawk with them, which they did.
Page 15 text:
represent mi ami an ideal. A. u rule, Indian word are used, A symbol i « the sign for an idea, (’amji Fire use Indian symbolism because by its uae thing cun be enriched with new meaning and beauty, and are very simple in form and idea. The ('amp Fire Girl have adopt-ed their symbolism to lit their own need and idea .
By thl» time you may be convinced of what fun it In to be n Cutup Fire Girl. The chief drawback i» that one enn only be n member in the place in which she lives,
Wouldn’t it be thrilling to step on n magic
o o o
carpet and wish yourself into other place where girki ure working and pluying in the Camp Fire way? This is a possibility within your reach. 'Kvaryjrirl’s," the magazine of the organization. I- the magic carpet that will transport you to hundred of other Camp Fire Communities and make you feel acquainted with the girls in them.
The girl at W. S. D. urr carrying on their work us successfully as hearing members could. Every year we have our annual outing and all llie members look forward to that time with irroal enthusiasm.
Mow Harris: ''Gerald, are you the oldest child in the family?”
Gerald: "Yes, ma’am."
.Miss Harris, a little Jitter: "Gerald, ure you
the youngest child?"
Gerald: "Yea. mu’om."
John and Janies were having dinner in u fashionable cufe.
John said: "Say. James, did you get any
James answered rather nonchalantly, “Yes. I just found a piece under one of these peas."
Miss Harris: "Why Gerald, how can you be
both the oldest and the youngest?' Gerald: "I uni the only child."
Miss Matteson: "Marvin, is your hund up or not?"
Mis Matteson: "Then put it down."
Jimmie giggled when the teacher told the story of the man who swam the Tiber three times before breakfast.
“You do not doubt that a trained swimmer
could do that, do you?”
"No. but I wonder why he didn't swim it four times and get back to the side where hi clothes wore."
your standings lower in January than in December?”
John, "Ah—well—you see, everything is marked down after Christmas."
Every time I take my grandfather to u musical show he cracks his knuckles. He must think he’s giving a Joint recital.
Doll nation of the word automobile—From Knglish "aught to" and Latin "moves” to move. A vehicle which ought to move but frequently can’t.
Mr Lowe: "Now see here, John, why are
Page 17 text:
Upon their arrival at Washington they went directly to nee the president, who asked Keokuk nmny questions as to the reason why Black Hawk went to war attainst the whiten. After Keokuk Rave President Jackson all the information he could, he was ordered by the president to have Black Hawk placed at Fortress Monroe ns o prisoner.
During their stay in the city many people visited Black Hawk and his party. On the way to Fortress Monroe they visited several training camps which mode him realize how insignificant hlit men would he in comparison with these well-trained soldiers.
While stopping nt New York, they met Mr. Graham, one of the most prominent men of New York at that time. Several present were given tn Black Howk by Mr. Graham, nnd this fine example of brotherly love marie Black Hawk realise what peace really meant. Mr. Graham advised him to bury the hutchet. to make bright tin- chain of friendship, to love the white men and to live in peace with them ns long as water ran und the sun would rise and set.
It was published by several papers many years ago that Black Hnwk murderer! white women nnd children. This assertion he most emphatically tlenied. claiming also that no one in his tribe had ever killed a white woman or child to his knowledge.
As soon us arrangements had been made with the president to give Black Hawk complete release from prison, he left with his wife und family nnd n smull portion of his tribe for his old hunting grounds near the Mississippi River. Hero he had a comfortable dwelling erected and
• o o o •
, A JEST
A utory of Scotch honesty comes from Dundee. A small bov had tuken the prize for an exceptionally well druwn map. After the examination the teacher, a little doubtful asked the lad:
“Who helped you with this map. James?”
"Come now. tell me the truth. Didn't your brother help you?”
"No. sir; he did it all.”
hr settled down with the expectation of making it his permanent home.
Some years Inter Black Hawk moved his family and little bund still farther west to the De Moines River. It was here that he was taken ill and died on Octoher 3. 183ft at the uge of seventy-one years.
When Black Hawk wan buried, he wus dressed in u military uniform presented to him by a member of President Jackson’s cabinet. On his left side won u sword, given to him by General Jackson; on his right side a cane, which wun u gift from Henry Clay. Three medals from Pres. Jackson, Kx-presidcnt John Quincy Adams, and the city of Boston respectively, hung around his neck.
There is near Byron, Illinois, u statue of Black Hawk, the work of I.orado Taft. It overlooks the Kock River, the scene of his birth und can be seen for many miles. Not long after his death it was erected, and many a traveler today pauses to look upon it. Several of the boys of W. S. D. who have taken part in the tournament at Jacksonville, Illinois, have had the privilege of seeing it.
In closing this narrative of the life of the admirable chief. Black Hnwk. it seems fitting to speak briefly of his personal character. He wo an Indian possessing a noble nature. In all the nociul relations of his life he was kind and affable. In hi home he was an affectionate husband. He w e. free from the many vices that othciV of his race had contracted from the white people, never using intoxicating bever-ugc to excess. As u wurrior he knew no fear, and his persona! prowess stamped him as the "bravest of the brave".
• o o o •
Why bother to write jokes when one can get dialogues like the following, overheurd nt the bureau of naturalization?
“Where is Washington?”
"Oh. he has passed on."
”1 mean the capital of the United States."
“Oh, they loaned it all to Kurope."
"Do you promise to support the Constitution?”
"Me? How can 1? I've u wife und six children to support.” —Brooklyn Eagle
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