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Page 15 text:
represent mi ami an ideal. A. u rule, Indian word are used, A symbol i « the sign for an idea, (’amji Fire use Indian symbolism because by its uae thing cun be enriched with new meaning and beauty, and are very simple in form and idea. The ('amp Fire Girl have adopt-ed their symbolism to lit their own need and idea .
By thl» time you may be convinced of what fun it In to be n Cutup Fire Girl. The chief drawback i» that one enn only be n member in the place in which she lives,
Wouldn’t it be thrilling to step on n magic
o o o
carpet and wish yourself into other place where girki ure working and pluying in the Camp Fire way? This is a possibility within your reach. 'Kvaryjrirl’s," the magazine of the organization. I- the magic carpet that will transport you to hundred of other Camp Fire Communities and make you feel acquainted with the girls in them.
The girl at W. S. D. urr carrying on their work us successfully as hearing members could. Every year we have our annual outing and all llie members look forward to that time with irroal enthusiasm.
Mow Harris: ''Gerald, are you the oldest child in the family?”
Gerald: "Yes, ma’am."
.Miss Harris, a little Jitter: "Gerald, ure you
the youngest child?"
Gerald: "Yea. mu’om."
John and Janies were having dinner in u fashionable cufe.
John said: "Say. James, did you get any
James answered rather nonchalantly, “Yes. I just found a piece under one of these peas."
Miss Harris: "Why Gerald, how can you be
both the oldest and the youngest?' Gerald: "I uni the only child."
Miss Matteson: "Marvin, is your hund up or not?"
Mis Matteson: "Then put it down."
Jimmie giggled when the teacher told the story of the man who swam the Tiber three times before breakfast.
“You do not doubt that a trained swimmer
could do that, do you?”
"No. but I wonder why he didn't swim it four times and get back to the side where hi clothes wore."
your standings lower in January than in December?”
John, "Ah—well—you see, everything is marked down after Christmas."
Every time I take my grandfather to u musical show he cracks his knuckles. He must think he’s giving a Joint recital.
Doll nation of the word automobile—From Knglish "aught to" and Latin "moves” to move. A vehicle which ought to move but frequently can’t.
Mr Lowe: "Now see here, John, why are
Page 14 text:
THE CAMP FIRE GIRLS
By Lorraine Peter
The organization called the ('amp Kin Girl wm started in 1911. Several persons who were interested in girls saw the need of nn organisation thut did for girls whnt the Boy Scout wan doing for boy . Them people pcnt many hour formulating the principles and philosophy of Camp Fire. The organization consists of groups of girls over eleven years of age, and aims to provide a programme of activities that keeps beauty, romance and adventure in every day life. It emphasizes the home, health and real citizenship for girls. F.ach group must have a leader, or guardian, a woman at least eighteen years of age. Each girl pays annual dues of one dollar. Application blanks are sent upon request to the National Headquarters in New York. As soon as the blank, properly filled out. together with the dues of each member is received at Camp Fire Headquarters in New York, the guardian receives her certificate and the group a charter.
The first thing a Camp Fire (Jirl does after her group is registered at National Headquarters is to begin working for honors, for the honors are the framework or skeleton of all the Camp Fire program.
“Honors’ are things to he done sometimes little things and sometimes big things. They have been grouped under seven headings called ‘'Crafts,” and each cruft has a symbolic color. When an honor has been won, that is. when the requirements for the winning of that honor have been fulfilled. as recognition of the winning of that honor, or the doing of the stint it represents, the girl receives n wooden bend, the color of the craft to which the honor belongs. Thus, these honor beads are records of attainment, and are used as decorations on the ceremonial gown.
There are three ranks that a ('amp Fire Girl may attain. They are Wood Gatherer, Fire Maker and Torch Bearer. The first rank is that of Wood Gatherer,. It mark a stage in a member's progress; it proves that she is sincere In her ideal and is trying lo Hv up to the Camp Fire Law. Some of the requirements of a Wood Gatherer are: the must have been a member of the Camp Fire for at least four months nnd not
more than a year; must be able to repent the Wood Gatherer’s Desire alone; hove earned four hundred fifty points of the Health Chart in one month. The second rank is thnt of Fire Maker. Thr Fire Maker has had a longer experience In Camp Fire than a Wood Gatherer mid must accomplish harder requirements. She must hove been a Wood Gatherer for at least • ne year; must own a ceremonial gown; must help prepare and serve at least two meals; tie n square knot five times in succession correctly nnd without hesitation; keep the Health Chart for two months. To he a Torch Bearer, the girl must hove proved her capacity for leadership and shown herself to be a responsible member of society and must have won at least one Big Honor in Nature Lore and in five other crofts.
Koch rank has a "desire.” There ore no pledges for n ('amp Fire Girl. The girl only expresses her desire to follow the organization’s law which is to seek beauty; give service; pursue knowledge; be trustworthy; hold on to health; glorify work nnd be happy. The slogan is: “Give Service;” and the watch-word is “Wohalo,” made of the first two letters of the words work, health and love. These and the de-sires form the ideals of the organization.
The Camp Fire Girls are always busy. They help their mothers at home, and by doing so earn Home ('raft honors. They take hikes in all sorts of weather and cook their dinners out of doors. They give plays, bazaars and in many other ways earn the money to go camping or to buy their supplies.
These are some of the things done by the Camp Fire Girls. Beside all the fun and service, they have the beauty of their ceremonial meeting . their ceremonial gow n and their Camp Fire symbolism.
In communities where there is no large camp, groups go off camping by themselves. Sometimes they comp in a cottage; sometimes they pitch a tent on the shore of a lake. Their guardian or some older person goes with them. They try to keep up the Camp Fire standard .
The first thing a Camp Fire girl does is to choose her name. This she does not do in a hurry, but carefully, for she wants her name to
Page 16 text:
By Raymond Ste er
.Mnkntaimcshekinkiuk or Black Hawk. U" he was known to his people, in fact to everyone in this country, was horn nt the Sac village on the Bock River in I7fi7.
Black Hawk's early life was like any other hoy’s. His father, Pyosa. was then the chief of the Sacs, but he did not permit his son to wear feathers or paint his face until he was fifteen.
It was when Bluck Hawk was fifteen also that he engnged in his first battle with the enemy, After the battle he took part In his first sculp dance.
When Bluck Hawk was nineteen years of age. his father died, leaving him in charge of several hundred warriors; but it was not until he was twenty-four that he became the chief.
During the early part of his life he showed a fondness for the whites, never harming any of them. In fact several time he tried his best to overcome the troubles existing between his men und the white people. At various times when the whites threatened to dispose of the Sacs, Black Hawk look no opposing action but remained silent, knowing that this would be the best thing, not only for himself, but for his beloved people.
One day his adopted son, who was very dear to him. was found slain. Upon discovering that he had been shot in the back by one of these strangers whom he had befriended, Black Hawk could not refrain from showing revenge by the same hostile act.
Black Hawk and his band traveled all over the country. On the Mississippi River hi people owned seven hundred miles of land extending from Wisconsin to Missouri.
It wn the custom of the men of his tribe to go hunting every fall and return with provisions the following spring.
Black Hawk had for some time believed that the whites were untruthful, and an experience which he had one day proved to him beyond the shadow of a doubt that this was true. It was that they influenced him to sign a document by which he gave away his village not knowing it contents. When he was afterwards told to get off the land he owned, he refused point blank saying it belonged to his people. Finally soldier were called nnd Bluck Hawk, not wanting to start war, bade his people move off peacefully.
After Black Hawk and his people departed from their village, they roamed from place to place, a resentful forlorn tribe. Many of them died from cold und starvation that winter. In the spring they returned to the vicinity of their village io find it in utter ruins.
The white continued to be bothersome until finally Black Hawk sent out four warriors on u mission of pence. Three of these were murdered by the enemy, but the other managed to escape and tell the tale to his chlof.
Black Hawk, long friendly with the whites, now set out with his warriors, five hundred strong, to punish them for this ruthless deed. In a battle, known ns the battle of Bad Axe. Black Hawk’s army had little chance ugainst the three thousand on the opposing side. Hl« own horse was shot under him. Black Hawk, not wanting to lose all his men, retreated and returned to his people.
At that time the Sioux Indians wore generally known to be the most murderous tribe of Indians in existence. They were a menace to Black Hawk's tribe attacknig them frequently, causing great loss of life, thus diminishing Black Hawk's tribe.
By 18 10 most of his tribe bad died or had been killed. The very few that remained were hi faithful followers.
In the fall of that year Bluck Hawk gave him e|f up to the war chief of Fort Crawford at Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, He, who was once a noble chief, was now a prisoner of war all of his own free will. He had given himself up for the sake of the peace-loving Sac nation.
On his journey to the JelTerson Barracks, he surveyed the land whoso inhabitants had caused him so much trouble. He beheld the fine houses of these intruders, built on the ground that had belonged to the Indiuns. who hud not received h dollar for it.
Throughout that winter Black Hawk remained at the Jefferson Barracks a prisoner. There he was treated with the utmost kindness, but was ohliged to wear the ball and chain like any other prisoner. This he resented greatly.
Keokuk, an Indian interpreter, nnd some of his men petitioned the president to release Black Hawk. They were ordered to come to Washington nnd to bring Bluck Hawk with them, which they did.
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