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Page 16 text:
WISCONSIN CHER RIMS
By Boyce William
As one progresses northward into the Peninsular region he wonder where all those cherries, he h:s heard so much about, are. And. as he acmes into Door County, he hogim to think maybe "Cherry Blossom Land" has been a bit exaggerated. Kven as he approaches the world's leading cherry town, Sturgeon Bay, he secs nothing to make any great ado about. It is true that there are many fine orchards south of Sturgeon Bay. but the real cherry center is from the town limits northward for thirty miles. It is there that one appreciates the magnitude of the world's most concentrated cherry producing center. It is located between the waters of Green Bay and Lake Michigan on the little point of land, north of Sturgeon Bay, which terminates the north-eastern Wisconsin peninsula.
It is heie that the world’s largest cherry orchard is located, namely, the Martin Orchards. It has 10,000 trees in one continuous block and comprises 1,300 acres. Other famous orchards are: the Reynold Orchards, which are unique in that they have their own canning factory, the Sturgeon Bay Fruit Co. and the Peninsula Fruit Farm. The larger orchards, os a rule, are not as well cared for as the smaller orchards. The trees must be sprayed each spring and fall and the ground cultivated to kill the weeds and quack grass. On many of the farms a cover crop is planted to utilize the space between the trees and to keep the ground moist and warm.
The orchards are the most beautiful in the latter part of May when the trees are in blossom. It is then that thousands of people visit Door County for a week-end to breathe the fragrant air and enjoy the beauty of nature.
The cherry harvest is the busiest time of the year in Sturgeon Bay. Pickers, or "cherry -snappers,’’ as they are popularly called, come from near and far to enjoy u vacation while earning their way picking. The usual picking camp is a regular camping ground with many home conveniences. The length of the picking
season varies with the size of the crop. Small farms have two to three week seasons while the latge orchards pick four to six weeks. The average “cherry-snapper” picks about 100 to 125 quarts a day at the rote of 2% cents per quart, stripped, and 3 cents per quart on the stem. The record for pickers is 1178 quarts in one dny. It was made by a boy from Michigun who was working in the Martin Orchards. The cherries to be canned arc stripped leaving the stem on the tree, while those to be sold as fresh fruit are picked with the stem attached to the cherry so thut they will keep longer.
The smaller farms furnish all the cherries sold as fresh fruit. Hundreds of carloads of fresh cherries are shipped out of Door County every year.
The most interesting part of the cherry business is the canning. All of the large orchards and many of the smaller hnul their fruit to the fuctory to be canned. The factory is a home institution, being owned by the Door County Fruit Growers Union. This is also an object of interest to tourists. When the cherries reach the factory they are weighed and then dumped into huge tubs partly tilled with cold water. The cold water chills the fruit meat so that it will be of a firmer quality for later handling. The cherries are put in water as soon as possible because, being an acid fruit, they quickly Assume some degree of fermentation if they are allowed to stand. From the tanks the fruit is run thru a nozzle, located at the bottom, into a series of escalators which lift them onto a moving belt from which the defective fruit is picked. From this belt the fruit enters the pitters and then another belt carries it through its last inspection before it is put into cans. From the filler it passes to the cooker, the capper, the cooler, and then to the warehouse to await labels and shipment.
As the supply does not meet the demand, it appears that the future will bring u great development of this industry.
Page 15 text:
THE WISCONSIN DELLS
By Ernest Gledhill
Then are few places in the United States which are noted for the scenic beauty and interest, os are the Dells near Kilbourn, Wisconsin. The word Dells is derived from the French word Dalles, moaning flagstones. The Winnebago term for the Dells was N’eeh-ah-ke-coonnh er-nh, meaning, where the rocks strike together.
Above and below Kilbourn, the Wisconsin River hus cut a deep gorge more than seven miles long in the Potsdam sandstones, this portion being known as the Dells. Most likely, the Dells did not appear until the last glacier; the ice then filling the old river bed. There is known to be one or two cause ns to how the Dells came into existence. The Dells may have been a river delta, anil the layers of sand not always being deposited in a horizontal position. While on the other hand, the sand may have been laid down in the sea, and in thut case the storm waves disturbed the layers. Later this sand was converted into sandstones. With the receding of the ice, the work of carving the sandstones has continued to the present day.
It ts not known who the first visitors were, hut at least it is known that the Green Bay traders had their trading post on the upper river.
The earliest permanent settlers of the lower Dells were Amnsn Wilson, C. B. Wilson and R. V Allen.
In 1K45 a small steamboat passed through the DelU, this being the first boat to pass through here, by means of this kind of craft-
Among the many wonderful rocks, there are: Angel Rock or the Marble Rock a it Is some-
times called, The Swallow's Home, The Jaws of the Dells, which is the main entrance. Chimney Rock. Black Hawk's Head. The Navy Yard, The Devil’s Elbow, Black Hawk’s Cave, Artist’s Glen and Witches Gulch. Above this rock, there are: Hornet's Nest, Luncheon Hall, Stand Rock. Demon’s Anvil, Louis Bluff and Elephant’s Back.
There was a superstitious belief among many young Indians. It was n legend about the "Squnw’s Bed Chamber." Good luck would always follow newly married couples, if the squaw would crown her husband with wreaths of flowers and ferns, at sunset, in front of this cave, which is west of Stand Rock. This was so thut game would be plentiful throughout their lives. Those who ignored this practice. Dame Fortune would take vengeance,, in the form of making them victims of hunger, uccident and distress.
The lower Dells are not so beautiful as the upper Dells, although they are interesting, and extend two or three miles beyond the Hydro Plant. They are broader than the upper Dells. The rocks have been cut away to a great extent leaving them hallowed and worn. The most fantastic are seen fur down the stream along the shores of the deserted village. Newport.
The Dells of the Wisconsin River are noted for their natural benuty. The place should be preserved for future generations, through preservation as a State Park. Few other scenic points in Wisconsin, attract more tourists. It should he the hope of every loyal Wisconsinite, that at some future time, the Dell will become a nationally known beauty spot, such as Yellowstone Park and the Grand Canyon.
Page 17 text:
CAMP FIRE GIRLS
OLD ABE, THE WAR EAGLE OF WISCONSIN
By Lind Prill
The eairle ha been honored by almost all civilized nations, ami has been used by most of them an an emblem of war. Columbus found the uncivilized Indians wearing war-bonnet made of feather from the fierce, black eagle of this country. This "king of birds” is our national emblem and represents the freedom, fear-Imnes and power of the nation.
During the war of the Rebellion a live eagle was carried into many battle by a Wisconsin regiment. He wu called “Old Abe" by the soldier . The story of his life is rather interesting.
"Old Abe" was horn in a large tub-like nest of mud and sticks in a tall pine tree, in 1861. A Chippewa Indian, named Chief Sky, captured this bird near Ashland, Wisconsin and sold him to Daniel McCann of Eagle Point for a bushel of corn. Then Mr. McCann sold him to a company of soldiers at Eau Claire and at once he was enlisted as a soldier.
At this time Old Abe weighed ten and a half pounds. His feathers were brown with a golden tinge. The hark part of his large head was snowy white and so was his tail. Ill beak was over two inches long. Hi wings measured six and a half feet from tip to tip.
A handsome perch wus made for him, where he sat in a dignified manner, when the soldiers were marching; but during a battle he was always excited and would scream and fly around. He was present at twenty-five battles of the Civil War but was never wounded. The soldiers
felt that he brought them good luck.
When the war was over "Old Abe" was presented to the state of Wisconsin by Victor Wolf o! Company C of the 8th Regiment, which was also knowtl A the Eagle Regiment, ('apt. Wolf -aid that Old Abe had been u good soldier und never flinched in battle. A comfortable room in the capitol at Madison was given to this soldier bird, and o man was appointed to take good care of him.
One day in February, 1881, a fire broke out near Old Abe’s room and he was overcome by dense smoke and gas. He lived for about one month; then, on the twenty-sixth duy of March, 1881, he died.
Major C. G. Meyers, who hud been an officer of the Eleventh Wisconsin, mounted his skin and it was placed in u fine glass case and was kept in Memorial Hall in the capitol building at Madison. where visitors could see It- Twenty-three years later. Memorial Hall caught fire and Old Abe’s stuffed body was destroyed by the flames.
Today we have nothing left in Wisconsin to remind us of this bird but two fine paintings. One was made from life by n famous artist; the other was painted by a Madison woman. These paintings now hung in the Memorial Hall in our capitol at Madison. Not far away are the old buttle flags of the Eagle Regiment besides which the bird was carried to battle. A few of his feathers are also framed and hang near by. In 11 12 at Chippewa Falls, a monument was erected to his memory.
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