Valparaiso University - Record Yearbook (Valparaiso, IN)

 - Class of 1912

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Valparaiso University - Record Yearbook (Valparaiso, IN) online yearbook collection, 1912 Edition, Cover
Cover



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Text from Pages 1 - 247 of the 1912 volume:

if 8 1, - 23? ,-,-,-., -A F, ii wk, J' . , -W, 5 Vt Ex vw' I ' Uhr Hniuvrziig iivrnrh Iduhlialprh hy tlyv Qilaasiral, ihirntitir, Ehuratinnal, wrainriral anh iEI1Qil1PP1'i11Q Ecpnrtnwniz - .... .nf ..... Halparaizn liflntuvrzitg . ' - - 4 I Tihumrh E. Cgallagher, iEh'itur-tar-Qlhirf illugrr H. 1Hlurg, EIIEUIPEE mauagrr v AUGUST 15, 1912 ' VALPARAISO UNIVERSITY 5 VALPARAISO, IND. PRESS OF WADE di WISE VALPAFIAISO INDIANA Ed1tor1al H is the second Annual of any importance that has been issued by the classes of Valparaiso i University since its foundation. The classes of 191 l 'established a precedent vvhich we have endeavored to follow. We are grateful to them for their' achievement-we know we have profiled by their experience. May the future classes improve upon our pionleer work. We have attempted a work which we sincerely hope will be prized by its possessors in the years to come. Not merely for it in itself, but for the many happy associations which a perusal of its pages recalls. The articles and works of art in this book have been created by someone who has endeavored to show his fidelity to our Alma Mater and to preserve the ties of friendship existing among us. The Board of Editors and Managers and others have sacrificed many hours from their studies to make this book a success. We shall feel amply repaid for our efforts-if We have done so. We especially desire to express our gratitude to Messrs. Paul Green, H. L. Bush, l... Dietrich for their illustrations which have done so much to make this work a success. -EDW. D. GALLAGHER. Erhimiinn. F Qgrvsihvnt Mvnrg Ealxrx' I.f51'n1u11 This Volume is Dedicated in Memory of Our Happy and Profitable Days Spent at Valparaiso University N HENRY BAKER BROWN, A. M., Presidents OLIVER P- KINSEY, A- M-, Vice-Pr'esiden1:z1nd Dean of Scientific Department 0 ', slzx ' PROF. H. N. CARVER, A. M., GEORGE W. NEET, Pg. D., Professor and Dean of Classical Depamrlent Professor and Dean of the Educational Department. 6 9 A Y '1 NATHANIEL E. RIEED, A. B., R. C. YEOMAN, C. E., Professor and Dean of Dept. of Elocuhion and Oratory Professor and Dean of Lhe Dept.. of Civil Engineering 7 Di . KATHERINE E. CARVER, A. M. Professor of Latin ' B. F. YVILLIAMS, A. M., Professor of Literature S I MANTIEE. BALDWIN, A. M., Professor of Literature and Rhetoric Professor of German JOHN E. ROESSLER, A. M 9 CALVIN s. HOOVER, A. M., M- L- WEEMS, A' M-Q Professor of History Professor of Physiology and Botany 10 J. H. CLOUD, Ph. D., L. F. BENNETT, A. M., Professor of Physics Professor of Geology, Mineralogy and Zoology 11 o I o . - Q5 ff. GEO. D. TIMMONS, B. S., Ph. C., A. A. WILLIAMS, A. M. Professor of Chemistry Professor of Ma.t.hema.Lics 12 ' I BRUCE M. BOGARTE, A. B., I HOMER F. BLACK, Professor of Mathematics Professor of Mathematics 13 W. F. ELLIS, Pg. M., Professor of Pedagogy CI-IIMNEY SWALLOWS B. F. WILLIAMS The August sun has set and night is nigh, A many-tinted spIencIor Iights the west, The o'er-burdened day sinks sadIy to its rest As Ioath, yet glad in gIory thus to die. I sit and watch the sWaIIoWs as they Hy, Without an aim it seems, Without a quest, In merry mood of joyous, playful zest, A thousand now---and now the vacant sky. My thoughts are like the sWaIIows in their flight, They come unhidden from an unknown deep To circle gIadsomeIy in Gods own 'room Too tireIess seem they ever to alight, Yet soon they'II seek a humble pIace of sIeep Within the spirit's soIemn chimney-gIoom M. Bogarte 1 1E was a princely teacher. He did more than teach facts-he tau ht life. He enriched the mind H l . g . . HY ! with truth-he ennobled the soul with an ideal. He gave vision and purpose. If he ever destroyed, it was not for the sake of destruction, but for the purpose of building something better. He took no delight and found no happiness in setting a man adrift. His aim was to moor and to anchor. He avoided foolish and unlearned questions which engender strife. He never raised a doubt, except to implant a truth. Students who sat in his classes always went away with the feeling that they had come face to face with a real man. He was patient and sympathetic. F or thirty-eight years he has been a teacher. For twenty years he taught the word of God in the Sunday school. His words were wisdom and his voice was music. When he had finished his task in the class room or in church, there was always a feeling of satisfaction- one felt that a master had been in action. -REV. CLAUDE E. I-IILI... IN MEMORIAM 1 ' ' aww .,,,., i .,A.,, E li g ! 1IU ,Qu , x2fg45 ' ' 24 Q ,V L .E F . , ,g .- , , . E .Q Ei 'iff ,, A L E ,, U5!C.5"'LDffvS-if If 152 .Jw -urs. A . I ii 1' , :si um 1 2 QR -f '-"' -- . 0,1-' 1" ,,ngff499ff0RfvM .. yawn: Q -1-.,-.1 -,.: , . ., V M' M --f , :NF X- L .Ya , X X 1,6 'QE if X XX 13' g 'lg X Z X J ' I , H X I x x 1 ' ' M X '. 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Coldren, Gordon VVood Daggett, Calvin ,,,,,,,,l,,.,,,, De Wane, S. F. .,... . Erwin, C. F, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,.,, , Gallagher, Edw. D. ..... . Hutchison, Dora .... Jones, J. F. ,,,,,,,,,,, , First Jeff Jerry Jones, Pres. Term Edw. D. Gallagher, Vice-Pres. Evangeline Baldwin, Sec'y. Otealia Treitz, Treas. Thomas F. DeWane, Editor Second Term Cecil Day Parrill, Pres. W. J. Shaffer, Vice-Pres. Lucy C. Thompson, Sec'y. Frank J. Yuskaitis, Treas. Alexander H. Miller, Editor CLASSIC CLASS ROLL .........Riddlesbury, Penn. ................Webster, Ind. .............Otway. Ohio ...........Nanticoke, Pa. .......,...,...Nanticoke, Pa. .....St. Francisville, lll. ........Valparaiso, Ind. .........Perryopolis, Pa. .............Valparaiso, Ind. .........Stangelville, Wis. ...........,.Poolville, Texas .....Frankenmuth, Mich. ...................Freeport, Ill. Farmington, Kentucky Kincius Joseph ..... Lurnbard, Louis ............ Macdonald, John Jerry ...... Miller, Alexander,H. .... . Morrison, J. Cayce ......, Park, Emma ............... Parrill, C. D. .......... . Peterson, Eddene .... Shaffer, W. J. ........ . Stotlar, Kent ............ Thompson, Lucy C. .... . Treese, H. S. ................ Tre-itz, Otealia L. ........ . Yuskaitis, Frank J. ..... . OFFICERS Calvin Daggett, Pres. Ray S. Blackburn, Vice-Pres. Dora Hutchison, Sec'y. Thomas F. DeWane, Treas. Kent Stotlar, Editor Fourth Term Thomas F. DeWane, Pres. J. V. Macdonald, Vice-Pres. Mary Mae Cobb, Sec'y. H. S. Treese, Treas. ......Wilkesbarre, Pa, .......................Laporte, lnd. ........M:1rgarce, Nova Scotia ..........Bridgeport, Kansas ...............Hanson, lll. .......Brook, Ind, ...........Farina, lll. ........,Bode, Iowa ........Titusville, Pa. ................Herrin, Ill. .........Anaconda, Mont. ...............Arcadia, Pa. . ........... Detroit, Mich. ........Brockton, Mass. Class Day Ofiicers Mary M. Cobb, Historian Evangeline Baldwin, Poet J. Cayce Morrison, Orator Eddene Peterson, Prophet Members of Record Board Edw. D. Gallagher, Editor W. J. Shaffer, Manager DAVlD ALDSTADT - Riddlcsburg, Penn. David Aldstaclt was born at Hopewell, Penn., Aug. 24, 1885. ln his child- hood he attended the city schools and always had from boyhood the name of "Modest Dave." Very popular among his schoolmates, and gained quite a reputation for settling quarrels among his fellow schoolmates. He came to V. U. in 1909, entering in the Scientific work. As a. student here he is well' known. Both as an athlete and student he ranks with the winners. Always with a good word for everybody. Before coming to Valpo he attended Juniata College, Huntington, Penn., and afterwards taught one year at Defi- ance, Penn. For the coming' year he is 'to have charge of Science and Athletics at Ardmore High School, Ardmore, Okla. , l 'i 'gli I . - " ,. ' 4, ., EVANGELINE IIALDWIN Webstei', Ind. " Miss' Evangeline Baldwin, of Webster, lnd., has led a varied career be- tween teaching music and teaching school. Sometimes the two were combined, sometimes singly, but always teaching something, somewhere, to someone. ln short, reliving the life of a teaching ancestry. For the past two years Miss Baldwin has been attending Valparaiso University, and will resume her work in September as teacher at Casper, Wyomiiig. Miss Baldwin was Secretary of the Classics the first term and one of the elect of class day-the class Poet. The success of the social was largely due to her literary ability and much hard work on her part. Miss Baldwin has the esteem and good will of. all who know her, 21 cl., iii y Xe A ,.-55 QB. P laS8'C' Q2 me RAY S. BLACKBURN Otway, Ohio Ray S. Blackburn of Otway. Ohio, the kid member of the Class, was born at Cedar Mills. Adams County, Ohio, on June 21, 1894. He has spent most of his eighteen short years in school. He came here from the Portsmouth High School and has studied in the University the last three years. He was a grade uate of the Scientific Class of 1911, and will be graduated from both the Edu- cational and Classic classes this year. He expects to teach a year or two and then study medicine. He was Vice-President of the Classic class during the third term. CECELIA BRENZA Nanticoke, Pennsylvania Cecelia's first impressions of the world were received at Nantieoke, Lu- zerne County, Pennsylvania, in 1895 and she has been continually impressing the world ever since. Nanticoke high school contributed largely to her early edu- cation. Since her arrival in Valpo she has been an enthusiastic member of many societies on the Hill. At present the Swastika tennis club engages. much of her attention. To her more intimate acquaintances and among the "Jolly Six' she is known as "Blondy" or HSunshine." Nor is the name ill chosen, for cloud never lingers long over her pleasing countenance. She has the happy faculty of making many lasting friendships which will accompany her throughout life, She contemplates attending Vassar College next year in order to further her education. Her father, who is a retired real estate dealer, resides in Pennsylvania. 22 5,3-,Q . H. E. BRIAN d St. Francisville, Ill. And this is our worthy classmate, Mr. H. E. Brian. Lawrence Co., Ill., claims the birthplace of Mr. Brian on Oct. 6, 1888. A very precocious boy was H. E., being graduated from High School at the age of seventeen. He enter- ed Valparaiso University in 1905, and has been a faithful student ever since. In 1908, he received his B. S. degree and matriculated in the Chicago College of Medicine and Surgery in 1910. Two successful years has Mr. Brian completed, and at the same time has been assistant instructor in Bacteriology and Pathol- ogy. Mr. Brian will receive his degree in Medicine in two years, and then he hopes to become "a good old country doctor"g but Mr. Brian's friends are sure there are larger fields awaiting him, and that he will not only add honors to the Medical profession, but to the Classic Class of 1912 as well. 1 MARX MAE COBB Valparaiso, Ind. Mary Mae Cobb was born in Valparaiso, Indiana, January 17, 1887, and the remarkable thing about it is that she is willing that the public should know her age-if they are that curious. Miss Cobb was graduated from the Valparaiso High School, and the.Scientific Course of the University in 1911. She is a successful teacher and is not only successful in teaching little children, but even grown up children she manages with great skill. There is a Classic of large physique and impressing personality that is as docile as a lamb in the ar-ar-hands of Mary. Figuratively speaking he is Mary 's little lamb. Her value in the Class is indicated by the positions she has held. She served on the refreshment and social committees and the history of the Class has been entrusted to her care. Her aspirations are high. Her expressed purpose is to be graduated from the Indiana State University some time, and her supposed purpose-according to rumor-is to be a complement of the previously men- tioned Classic. 23 Iaiglf WF 5. ' c ve ff: TV GORDON VVOOD COLDREN Perryopolis. Pa. Gordon VV. Coldren was born Jan. 30, 1889, near the village ot Redstone. Pa. Part of his early boyhood was spent in listening to the music of the song- sparrows of sylvan districts. One morn, he followed a little songster until it lit near the window of a maiden, who seemed to be struggling with the birds for vocal supremacy. Gordon listened a second, then said: "l'm sure you're both birds ln the window and tree But the bird in the window ' Shall make the music for me.'l Even now, Mr. Colclren is frequently amused by the birds. Graduating from tl1e Normal School in Southern Pa. in 1908, he was num- bered among school teachers of that state for two years. Mr. Coldren entered Valparaiso in 1910 and has used his influence in making the "merry throng" more merry. He also finished the Scientific course this year. CALVIN DAGGETT Valparaiso. Ind. About March 21, 1886, Calvin Daggett became an object of wonder and admiration to his paients and relatives. Ever since, he has not only held, but improved this position until he is an object of wonder to the Professors and ad- miration of the ladies. After singing a few songs in the cornlields of Bureau Co., Illinois, Calvin enrolled with the boys at "'Valpo." Graduating from the Scientiie Course in 1908, then back to Illinois, he made for himself a brief but very successful pedagogical career and finally dropped in at Val- paraiso in 1911. finished the Commercial Course, and is now a. hard worker in the Classic Class. 1 Mr. Daggett was honored by the office of Class Preiident in the spring term and t'Goodly was the office that he filled." ' 2 4 THOMAS F. DeWANE Stangleville, Wiscoiisiii Thomas F. DeWane was born at Green Bay, Wiscoiisin. He early devel- oped a thirst for knowledge. After attending the public schools of his home town he went to the Waiisaiiliey High School and was graduated from there with honors. Later he studied at Valparaiso University and received the de- grees of B. S., Pg. B. and A. B. Mr. DeWa11e is a popular young man and a fine student. He is the possessor of a fine sense of humor and a believer in the doctrine that Uthe man worth while is the man with a smile when every- thing goes dead wrong? His classmates appreciate his good qualities and have shown their esteem by electing him to their highest offices. At present he is President of the Classic Class. Mr. DeVVane is not only a good student, but he also has business ability and good practical sense. The patrons of the as Superintendent for this coming year. CHAS. F. ERWIN Poolville, Texas The subject of this sketch was born in the biggest, if not the best state of Old Uncle Samuel 's dominion, in the notable year 1884. He spent three years of his childhood in the state of Arkansas, but, as he was less than five years of age when he left, he could hardly be held responsible for the deed. Owing to the color of his hair, he was frequently known by the appellation of "cotton- head," but since he has entered upon his school career, he has more names than he could count upon his Hngers and toes. This is perhaps due to the fact that he has such a large number of friends, such as they are. 4 ' Upto the age of twenty, he Hhad been about" more than almost any one else, but it was mostly about home. With the exception of six years he spent all his life in his native state, hence he may be called a "regular beef-headfl 25 High School at Edgemont, South Dakota, are fortunate to secure his services at f 'ii' - K WK ix EDVVARD DETLAR GALLAGHER Frankenmuth, Michigan Edward D. Gallagher was born in Saginaw, Michigan, October 13, 1887. After completing the common schools he entered the Saginaw High School, but did not complete the course. He studied at home and later secured a teachers certificate. He taught for seven years, the last year as Supt. of Schools at Sterling, Mich. During vacations Mr. Gallagher worked in his father 's news- paper offlce, where he secured experience in all departments of the profession -from "printers devil" to editor and publisher. He has attended Valparaiso University Uoif and on" since the spring of 1907-ten and oneehalf terms in all-and this year will be graduated with both the Scientinc and Classic classes. He was Vice-President of the Classic Class the first term and al- ways an enthusiastic class worker, editor of the Annual for the Classic class and Editor-in-Chief of the Annualg the organizer and baritone of the Scientific Quartetteg editor of the 1. O. O. F. Society on the Hill. MRS. DORA HUFCHISON ' Valparaiso, Ind. Mrs. Dora. Hutchison is a native of Illinois. She was born Feb. 11, 1886, at Freeport, Ill., and attended High School at that place, finishing in 1904. Mrs. Hutchison attended the University for a period of five terms in 1906-07, as Miss Herrnsineier, She took work in the Music Department and became quite a. proiicient pianist, but returning this time with a more practical idea, she decided to do work in the Scientific and Classical departments. She com- pletes 1he Science course leading to the degree of B. S. as well as the Classic, or A. B. course. She is equipped, besides her training, with one year of experi- ence in the ranks of the pedagogues and expects to join that noble profession next year. She expects to make a specialty of language and literature, and after teaching a year or two will take some more work along that line in Chi- cago University. Mrs. Hutchison has many friends who wish for her success in her chosen vocation, as well as in her hobby or avocation-raising Howers. 26 JEFF TERRY JONES - Farmington, Ky. Jeff Terry Jones, born July 18, 1888, at Farmington, Ky., in his early youth attended school at Huntington, Tenn. Later, at Bowling Green, Ky., and Valparaiso, respectively. Jeff has political aspirations, and as a stepping stone to his lifeis work taught school for four years. His character and integrity are unquestioned, for he was chosen treasurer, one term, of the Elocution Class. He was also the able president of the Classic Class the first terin, and Won laurels as repor- ter for the Vidette. Some time, upon entering the office of J. T. Jones, attorney at law, you 'may see sheepskins framed and adorning the walls, there, labeled thus: B, S., Valparaiso University, 1909, B. O., Valparaiso University, 1910, A. B., Valparaiso University, 1912, LL. B., Valparaiso University, 1914, LL. B., Kentucky State University, 1916, LL. D., Yale University, 1918. Valparaiso decidedly in tl ' majority. I LEVVIS B. LUMBARD Laporte, Indiana Lewis B. Luinbard was born on a farm near Laporte, Indiana, in 1879. He attended the public schools until about 18, devoting most of his time to base ball. In 1905 he left the farm to attend Valparaiso University. ln 1909 he taught school near WHt6FfOl'C1, Indiana, and in 1911, at Poynette, Wis., and Endeavor, Wis. Meanwhile during the vacations he helped in truck farming and the growing of fruit at the old home near Laporte. He likes to work ainong the nielons, to feed hogs and to study politics. He occasionally takes a twenty-mile Walk. N N. B.-Jei. ,aid he would not marry till he received his degree from Yale. J Q- .a.- , . l IC- fi? JOHN JERRY NAFDONALD Margaree, Nova Scotia John Jerry Macdonald was born in Margaree, Nova Scotia, which 'tsits like a gem of the sea on the bosom of the broad Atlantic." He was graduated from Horton Academy, later studied at Acadia University, 'Wolfville, Nova Scotia, where he was noted for his punctual attendance at lectures. The next step of his career was still as student, and at the Alberta Normal School of Calgary. From here he entered professional work, teaching a few years in the schools of Alberta and British Columbia. Mr. MacDonald came to the States for the first time in 1911 when he entered Valparaiso University. Here he has pursued Scientific and Classic work a11d adding now and then some professional work. Throughout his entire course he has kept in mind his aim of being a teacher. During the next few years he is planning on pursuing his college work at some University in the States, Upon completing his school work he will return to teaching, probably going back to Canada. In his life as a student and a teacher Mr. Macdonald faces the world seriously and earnestly. ALEXANDER HARRIS MILLER Bridgeport, Kansas Here you recognize Alexander Harris Miller, alias Hslllitllfi B. S. and A. B. Alexander, not spelled with an HE," has a birthday each year, Jan. 5, and has just passed twenty-tive such epochs. He has served some time as an efficient teacher, but for some reason, the teaching profession has not proved attractive, and it is the intention of our friend t.o enter the political arena., after his graduation from the Law School of Valparaiso University. Any classmate happening to be at Topeka, Kaus., in the future, will be more than welcomed by Mr. Miller, attorney at law, and if need be, he will give counsel in English or Greek. 28 5 1 J. CAYCE MORRISON Hanson, Illinois In the land of Egypt, the subject of this sketch first delighted his par- ents' eyes at a time known to them and recorded in the family Bible. His early life was uneventful. His training was a mixture of Sunday School and fishing spiced by taking watermelons and hoeing corn. In both the fishing and Sunday School he succeeded inditferently. At an early age he determined to be a professional bum. His purpose once fixed, he never turned from his course. For a time he served as a pedagogue on the banks of the Okaw, near tlle historic old town named from the mythical Vandals. Tiring of gazing on the pyramids of his native land, he went up out of Egypt into the town of Morocco, and took up his abode among the Hoosiers. At last he wandered into the Vale of Paradise, where he received a few finishing touches for his profession. His future is unknown. So long as hc travels in this vale of tears, or until the family parts with the old homestead, Hanson, Illinois will find J. Cayce Morrison. CECIL DAY PARRILL Fm-ina, 111- Cecil Day Parrill first favored this "mundane sphere" with his presence on Sept. 19, 1888, at Farina, Ill. After attending high school at Kinmundy, Ill., he "herded kids," as he expresses it, for a couple of years. He then entered Valparaiso University as a member of the Scientific Class. Here he was an active and "yelling" disciple, receivinghis B. S. degree in 1911. He has been a prominent member of the Classic Class, having been president of the class the second term, a member of various committees, and an enthusiastic worker for a glorious Class Day. After receiving his A. B. degree he expects to teach for a short time and then achieve fame in some of the other pro- fessions. 29 Clagg' ig if VR it fe fs EDDENE B. PETERSON Bode. Iowa Miss Eddene B. Peterson, usually called "Pete" by her intimate friends, made her first home on a farm in Iowa. Miss Peterson is one of strong person- ality. She is unusually energetic, very cheerful, can always take a joke, and possesses the rare characteristic of being a. friend to all and an enemy to none. After attending Humbolt College of Humbolt, Iowa. she taught for two years. She has been a student at Valparaiso University the past four years. receiving the B. S. degree last August and both the A. B. and Pg. B. degrees this August. Besides the regular work of these courses, she has been an active and promi- nent member of the Music Department. Next year she expects to enter an institution of music in Chicago to complete her preparation of Music a life work. WILLIAM SHAEFER Titusville, Pa. It was customary up in Pennsylvania to celebrate the birth of every child with sky rockets and other explosives. One quiet morning on Sept. 30, 1881, the neighbors noticed a ball of fire from a rocket ascending with unusua.l swift- ness into the air. It proceeded directly toward the heavens as if its message were unusual, and finally, dividing itself, seemed to bear sweet tidingsg for a dozen stars, as streaks of brightness, lost themselves in the distance. The purpose of this rocket was to announce to the community the birth of Wrii. S. Shaffer. He was graduated from Titusville High School, Pa., and later attended the Grove City College. In 1909 Mr. Shaffer graduated from Eastman Business College and later was principal of the school. Entering the Valparaiso University in 19lO'he has made many friends and associates. He was vice-president of the Classic Class the second term and is now Classic Manager for ,the Annual. 30 KENT STOTLAR Herrin, Ill. Kent Stotlar was born at Herrin, Ill., June 27th, 1890. Attended City Schools. Graduated from Herrin High School in 1907. Was chosen valedic- torian of class. Finished at Marion High School in 1908. Was a member of the debating team which was the champion team of southern Illinois. Entered Valpo Law Department in 1908. Returned and finished 191. VVas a mem- ber of the ball team. Deciding to go to Yale, he returned to complete the A. B. course. Also at this time he was a member of the University ball team, holding 3rd sack, and was known on the ball field and college grounds as 'lStotf' As to his popularity, it speaks foritself. Folks of German de- scent. Father a stock dealer and fariner. He hails from that part of Illinois called "Egypt," near the city of Cairo, where the Mississippi plays the part of the Nile, overiiowing the lowlands and making the country very fertile, al- though destructive in its breaking levees and destroying life and property. LUCY C THOMPSON Anaconda, Montana ' Miss Lucy C, Thompson is quite confident that Montana is the best state in the Union. She was born ,Jan 4, 1890, at Dodge City, Kansas. She spent several years of her childhood in California and Idaho, attending the public schools of the latter state. But the greater part of her life has been spent at her present home, Anaconda, Mont. She was graduated from the Anaconda High School and later spent a year at the University of Utah. After teaching for a time in the public schools of her state, Miss Thompson decided that she would secure a degree from the far famed Valparaiso University. She entered here in September, 1910, and has since been in regular attendance. She coin- pletes, this year, both the Science and Classic courses. Her plans, at present, are to re-enter the ranks of the teachers, but ere long she expects to take up college work elsewhere. Her many friends here predict for her a bright future, not of success and happiness alone, but in a bigger sense, a future of achievement which is the reward of industry and inerit. 31 ci,,,C ln, HARMON STEELE TREESE Arcadia, Penn, Harmon Steele Treese first landed in Arcadia, Pennsylvania, on the 4th day C of Mav 1886 He was a precocious youngster and it is said that at an early age l sed a few words that his elder sisters did not use. He attended the public ie u schools of Arcadia where he became distinguished for his unique theories re- garding the fourth dimension. Learning that there were a. few brain cells in his cranium to be developed, he decided to migrate to Valparaiso. In 1911 he was graduated from both the Scientific and Pedagogical departments, but needs inust linger another year for the Classic. As a Classic Herr Treese has been in regular attendance at all classes Qwhen not otherwise engagedj, and was l ted treasurer of Class for the fourth term. For the next few years Mr. Q CC, Y 'c Treese will be Prof. Treese for some high school in the middle West. As all en school teachers before taking up the law, Mr. Treese our Presidents have be says he must follow in their footsteps. OTEALIA L. TREITZ Detroit, Mich. Miss Otealia L. Treitz was born at Crediton, Ont., Canada, but has made her home at Detroit, Michigan, for a number of years. She was a student at Michigan Business College of Detroit, Michigan, for some time, but finally decided that Valparaiso University was more to her liking and consequently entered its ranks in September of 1909. She has been here ever since with the exception of about four months this spring when she went to Royal Centre, Indiana, as principal of its high school and teacher of Latin and English. She has the same position for next yearg having taught German in this institution, she is certainly well qualified for the position. She expects to enter the Uni- versity of Columbia in 1913 to study modern languages. She will take with her from V. U. this year both the B. S. and A. B. degrees. 32 FRANK J. YUSKAITIS Brockton, Mass. November 15, 1883, there was a babe born in Lithuania, whom his parents called Frank J. Yuskaitis. He grew into a man, stout, sturdy and stalwart. In 1905 he shook the Lithuanian dust from his feet and planted them firmly on the stony grounds of the Bay State. Here he milked cows, chopped wood, tilled the soil until he entered a shoe school at Brockton, Massachusetts. After completing his apprenticeship he entered a shoe factory in Brockton, where he remained till he came to Valparaiso in the wi11ter of 1908. Mr. Yuskaitis completed the Scientific Course in Valparaiso University in 1911, and receives his B. A. this year. That the class believes in his integrity is shown by the fact that they made him treasurer the second term, entrusting to him the sate keeping of their finances. Mr. Yuskatitis is a good student and of a philo- sophical bent of mind. Judging his future in the light of the past it will be successful and worthy of emulation. "SAoERor.oGv" 33 4 as -1.:: Q 31, Zflff TPRESIDENTS ADDRESS. T. F. fDeVSTane. Members of the Classic Class, Ladies and Gentlemen: fl-IE TIME draws near when we must sever the bonds that bind us together. The days spent here will soon become but a memory from which may be drawn reminiscences of University life. No longer shall her hand guide us for she has led us to her gates and we are about to pass out. But before we go she desires to counsel us to uphold the high ideals that have ever been held up before the world. She has labored that her graduates might be superior to their fellowinen not only in knowledge but in the soundness of their views upon questions of state. For higher education can make its claim upon the people only because those who possess it show that it has given them loftier ideals and better standards. That the University's infiuence may be felt most widely, she provides her graduates with a liberal education which gives a broad outlook upon life and forms a foundation for specialization in teaching, law, medicine, and the other profes- sions. But whatever our professions may be she would have us be just plain, honest American citizens. For the most elficient democracy needs leaders, men who are staunch and upright. Here, then, she would have us take our part. For the business of politics should not be left to the ignorant and unfit, but the educated men should do their part in the work of choosing representatives who will be most qualified to legislate for our country with intelligence and ability. College men will find their work in molding public opinion in their respective com- munities. There be plenty of followers, who will be ready to adopt their views with respect to public affairs. National as well as state and local politics should engage the brainiest men we have. Take for instance the tariff. To draft a tariff bill with anything like reasonableness to all concerned would require several years' labor of a commission composed of men who have made the subject a life long study and are conver- sant with the country 's needs. In the commercial world the necessity of a broad education is apparent. Sociology, po' litical economy and kindred subjects are incorporated in the curriculum of the present day business man. Every age of the world has its own ideals which it has cherished as the best possible example of worth and virtue. Five centuries ago the armored knight was the object of its admiration, and this type of fighting man received its homage. Now the knight was simply the representative of brute force, supplemented by skill in the use of arms, just as the prize- fighter of the present day is the representative of the same qualities. All the boasted laws of chivalry did not make the world one whit better, wiser nor mo1'e humane. lt is impos- sible to recognize in the knight who went to the field in the days of chivalry any higher qualities than those of brute force and courage. No doubt, if Jack Johnson l1ad lived at those times he would have won his knightly spurs. and il' a knight of those days lived at present he would be a distinguished member of the prize ring. In the nineteenth century the hero worship which unduly exalts these two qualities is confined to the ig- norant. Thus it can be seen that slowly but surely the progress of education is changing the world. Ignorance is receding It is here that the triumph of the Universities over the old order of things may be seen. They are the nurseries of knowledge, the source of inspiration of every effort in the way of improve- ment and advancement. As a final word the Universities would say to their graduates: Let every one of you recognize his duty and take part in this noble work. Let the sphere of activity be what it will, the pulpit, the bar, or the farm, let his influence be always given in favor of decency, moderation and purity in politics, the establishment of high standards of thought in public as in private life, the repression of all false ideals or whatever is calculated to interfere with human prog- ress in knowledge and virtue. Let each be a model and an example of what is best in life and an illustration of what learning does for her children. Thus shall the world be made wiser and more humane. For wisdom refines and ennobles the nature of man. Happy is the man that findeth wisdom and getteth understanding. For the 'merchandise of it is better than the merchandise of silver. And the gain thereof than fine goldg She is more precious than rubies And none of these things thou canst Desire are to be compared to her, Length of days are in her right-hand, In her left are riches and honor. Her ways are ways of pleasantness And her paths are peace. HISTORY OF Tl-IE CLASSIC CLASS Mary M. Cobb 'PON being chosen historian for the Classic Class, l fl at once consulted Websters International to ascer- tain what my particular duty was to be. I found history to be Hthat branch of knowledge that records and explains past events as steps in human progress." Furthermore, that these events "cluster about some center of interest, e. g., a given epoch, a. department of culture, a living being." But this was enough for my purpose, I was to record and explain certain incidents of time-past time-the only time of which we are absolutely certain. MThat ought to be easyf' I thought. Thus far, time has counted up to 1912. What charm there is in that number! Think of it a second. The sum of its digits is thirteen, and interest always attaches to that number like barnacles to a ship 's hull. Be- sides, every year ending in twelve since this era began, has been a significant one. The year 12 was marked by important events in the lives of Germanicus, Ovid, and Livyg in 112 occur- red some of the greatest victories of Trajang in 212 Roman civilization was flourishing, 312 was the time of Constantine, 512, the time of Clovis, 812 the peaceful reign of Charlemagne, and thus it goes on up to 1812, an important year in our own history, and then to 1912, the best year of all, the Golden Age of the world's advancement thus far, and it was preordained that it should be so,-see Who's living in it. But by definition 1 am to deal also with a department of culture. O yes, that department is the Classic Class of Valparaiso University. Could any historian have a more worthy subject? This class was ushered into its place on this "1nundame spear" at 2:00 P. M. on September 17, 1911, under the kindly guidance of Prof. Carver. It was christened with these words: "Well now, I suppose this is the Classic Class, but in reality. I expected a bigger class. Now how many here want to take Sallust?l' Thus the infant even at its christening was informed that it was not a very likely child. However. no better stimulant could have been given. that was far more effective than all the paregoric and castoria ever prescribed by an M. D. The physical development of the child was remarkable, far surpassing the fondest hopes of its nurses. But its intellectual development was marvelous. How often and how fondly has Mr. Carver smiled benignly on the smooth translation of the most difficult passages of De Amicitia and Horace. Sentences that fairly stifled other classes. the 1912's translated with as much grace and ease as though they had been born in Latium itself two thousand years ago. Latin was not the only subject in which the intellect of the class attracted attention. The work in Logic often made Mr. Carver rub his head in perplexity. How often he told us, "Now, take that barrel of apples again." And how we did search, sort, com- pare, unify, discriminate, and clarify our ideas, forming con- clusions always logical. ln reality, our work was ideal and with the ideal. Some of our conclusions would have astonished a sage. At the end of six weeks we had an Exam. Mr, Carver never gave us our grades on that test. But it is a pedagogical principle of his never to burden his students with a grade of a hundred per cent, it is too much like a Ph. D. The study of Logic is supposed to develop the faculties of judgment, reason. systemization, and the ability to express in clear, concise, and beautiful language the ideas of the thinker. The subject played well its part last winter, as could have' been told by a. visit to the Political Economy Class in the spring. Every young Classic there could have told what money is, and what wealth is, and the best way to obtain them. Every young man there had a well defined idea of the short and easy method by which he will secure a snug little fortune, and just how he will utilize it, that is after he is thoroughly prepared to profit by it, but ah I there 's the rub, wives are hard to win nowadaysg hence many a poor bachelor walks away from his loved one's door muttering, "Sulfragettes anyway!" But in our class, it developed that one or two of the boys were very apt at chasing rabbits and others always succeeded amazingly well in picking blackberriesg also that certain of the girls were demure little Sunday School maids and deft wielders of their little brooms, so it is quite evident that the future for these- but I beg your pardon, I am getting off my subject, I am to deal only with past time and look not toward the future. Anyway all was lovely with the Political Economy Class. The aesthetic nature of the cla.ss was not neglected. While it is very difficult to adequately define beauty, yet I believe it is generally agreed that the most beautiful thing in the world is true friendship. We devoted three months to the study of Cicero's 'tDe Arnieitiaf' Lelius says. 'tEgo vos hortari tan- tum possum ut amicitiam omnibus rebus humanis anteponatisf' or in other words, "I can only advise you to prefer friendship to all other things in life." While the class pondered over and discussed such sentiments as this, it is no wonder that the spirit of friendship grew. The weather at that time favored its development. The north wind and the zero temperature caused us to huddle about the big stove in old room three, and talk, how we did talk. and the candy the boys took turns in supplying, disappeared like magic. No wonder we didn 't al- ways hear the last bell ring! We even became so well ac- quainted and kindly disposed toward each other that we had a social that very term. However, this aesthetic nature developed in other lines as well. While perhaps every one of the class appreciates music, some of the members devoted much of their time to it. One of our girls has often entertained us with her delightful sing- ing, being especially skillful with "Du du, liegst mir im herzen," and UAch, wie ist's moglich dannf' Another of our Classics might well pose as St. Uecilia herself. If Lowell had known this member of our class, he certainly would have said, "Over her keys the musing organist, Beginning doubtfully and far away, First lets her lingers wander as they list, ' And builds a bridge from dreamland for her layg Then as the touch of her loved instrument Gives hope and fervor, nearer draws her theme, First guessed by faint auroral tiushes sent Along the wavering vista of l1er dream." But do not get the idea that the girls of the class have all the musical talent. Just recall the University Glee Club! Do you remember that second bass and first tenor? Oratory is another art appreciated by the class and clevel- oped, too. Just notice our orator today and our president, then see whether you think oratory is becoming a lost art. But poetry is considered the highest of the fine arts. and to that we gave especial attention. We devoted many ot' our Friday evenings to the pleasure of hearing "Hamlet " read and discussed. We listened attentively to the "Adonais," the 'LCommemoration Odef' the "Cathedral," and other poems equally good. Tl1e six weeks spent in Horace's HArs Poetica, " were instructive, inspiring, and productive of good results our class poem well demonstrates. There isn't so much to say concerning the social aspect of our life as a class. lt is true as individuals we were very social, but as an organization we would be sociologically classed as non-social. Our class meetings were held once each term and sometimes as much as twice. At first it was feared that the Auditorium would be the only room that would accommo- date the vast multitude that would assemble for these meet- ings, but it was soon found that old room six would answer nicely, and we had class discussions there, not of its fourth dimension, Oh no, but of its minus quantities. ln our second meeting we planned a class social and our anticipation was great, but alas! those plans born of enthusiasm died of dis- illusionment. The second term, however, the social material- ized and the phrase "howling success" doesn't adequately express it. It was there that we discovered what great mu- sical talent we had, what oratorical power, what adept enter- taining ability, and what a nice discriminating sense of good things to eat. Had the old Greek gods been present, they would have felt that their gatherings on Mt. Olympus were indeed insignificant in comparison. Our preceptors deemed it wise to look after our moral natures, so we were given a course in Ethics. Not that we were especially deficient in this line, but that every normally developed child should study the science of conduct. We traveled through a Desert of Facts and found that we are not in the Region-of-Seems-to-Be, but in the Land-of-Really-ls. We worked with the ideal, we tried to find the desires, motives and principles back of Things. For Harold Bell Wright tells us, 'tHe who lives always within Things can never worship in Truth. Eyes blinded by the fog of Things can not see Truth. Ears deafened by the din of Things can not hear Truth. Brains bewildered by the whirl of Things can not think Truth. Hearts deadened by the weight of Things can not feel Truth. Throats choked by the dust of Things can not speak Truth.' The religious nature of the class developed along many lines but always towards the one great end, The Good. Ours is the religion of Practice in preference to Theory alone, of deeds instead of mere words, of truth, not tradition. We hold the Science of Religion good, but the Art of Religion tar better. u Now, we have almost finished the course marked out for us by our Alma Mater. Each aspect of our nature has been merely stimulated, not completely developed, and it remains for us to continue the development thus begun. ln a few days, we will as a class organization have of maturity and our Alma Mater will say youngest adult child, giving it her blessing for a noble and successful future. As we arrived at the age :good bye" to her and earnest prayer travel on thru the Land-of-Really-Is toward the Land-of-Yet-to-Be, let us HSo live, that when our summons comes to join The innumerable caravan, which moves To that mysterious realm, where each shall take His chamber in the silent halls of death, We go not like the quarry-slave at night, Scourged to his dungeon, but sustained and soothed By an unfaltering trust, approach our graves, Like one who wraps the drapery of his couch About him, and lies down to pleasant dreams." 7 HOULD vou ask me whence these jingles? 3 I should answer I should tell you 50 Ifrom the Classics and their meetings, From old Valpo's Halls of Learning, Whence these rhymes and airy nothings? ' E ' ET, , f ', ' " , From the sayings of our teacher From our Wise and noble teacher, The beloved Prince of Wisdom. Should you think it disconnected, Incomplete and disconnected, Just you try to write a poem Try to get an inspiration, Out of nothing, write a poem. One bright evening in October, In the golden month of Autumn, Came unto Old College Building Mighty sons and some fair daughters. For them J. T. Jones, the Bright-Eye, Stood erect and called the meeting, Called the class to come to order. Many things planned they with spirit, Of the good times in the future CLASS POEM. Of "The Social" to be given. Then they talked, one with another, Learned their names and where they c But old Time here interrupted, Said, L'You have duties for the future, Stern, and harsh and unrelenting, I have given you books to read in, Books of Logic and of Latin, I will send a teacher to you, One whom many years I've cherished, Listen to his Words of Wisdom, Listen to this mighty teacher, Who, like Nestor of the old time, Has seen many Classics falter, Struggle oier the crags of Learning. If you heed his words of wisdom You will meet success and prosper, If you do not heed his teaching, anne from Goodness knows what will befall you." Thus began the Classics' sailing. Into unknown gulfs of Knowledge, Into bays Where seemed no harbor, Sometimes shooting over rapids, Over rapids swift and rocky. Sonietilnes drifting, sure but slowly. Now, at last, they see the lighthouse Shedding beams across the water, O'er the dark and gloomy water, And they soon will reach that harbor, For which, many months they labored, Months of unrelenting labor. In the future tl12'1t,S before us, In the diin and misty future, I can see a lonely Classic, E Tired .and weary from the struggle, Sitting with a book before him, Saying as he turns the pages, "Give nie of your balin, O Horace, Of your soothing bnhn. O Horace. Once I read thee when at collegeg But I little understood or heeded Halt the truths you tried to teach ine." Once again he is a student, L'Should a painter wish"-and so on- But alas! the words here fail hini, For his thoughts are with his classmates, Wit,li his classmates here and yonder. Thus he muses in the twilight In the golden light of evening. "TI-IE DAY BREAKETHW Oration by J. Cayce Morrison Classmates and Friends: 'lGive me leave To speak my mind, and I will through and through Cleanse the foul body of the infected world, If they will patiently receive my medicine." HIS talk is the result of our class 's wish to fulfill a time honored custom, it is the verbal expression of the idle fantasies which Hitted through the mind of h i .-.'g ' J a certain loafer of that class as he sat under a -Q gnarled oak on a Saturday morn that is not yet ancient history. I -fear as did Jacques that you will 'not take medicine, I differ from him in that I feel my inability to suggest a cure for any one of the long list of diseasesof this old world of ours. For eleven months you have been engaged in a mighty conflict. Long and doubtfully have you wrestled with the spirits sent to test you as did Jacob of old with the angel. You stand in the light of a new dawn. The spirits you have so nearly conquered are about to leave you, to go back from whence they came, that they may test other Jacobs who will come after us. You have the light of victory in your eyes, and are ready to go on your way rejoicing. Nor would I be guilty of suggesting other dangers that may lurk in the broad fields or shadowy groves into which the paths you are now traveling may lead you. A gray haired man of sixty stood on the bridge near the corner of Canal and Adams streets. He leaned o'er the rail- ing, gazing into the turbid waters of the sluggish stream below. The busy traffic of a great city rolled by him. The bridge shook and trembled as huge transfer wagons rattled across. Cabs, automobiles, street cars added to the din. The cosmo- politan population of the metropolis of the Lakes hurried across. Old men and young, maids and matrons, the rich and the poor, the deformed and the beautiful, princes of the board of trade and denizens of the filthiest slums, queens of magnie ficent ball-rooms and half-clothed girls who had not where to lay their heads-all these passed by, All in all it was the rushing, crushing, soul-rending but soul-lifting civilization of the twentieth century hurrying past, yet the gray haired man saw it not. He was lost in reveries. Vaguely there fiitted through his mind shadowy pictures of scenes on the convention floor where he had played his little part in shaping the destiny of his country. Dimly there ap' peared to him that Held where one day he had controlled the markets of the world and the fortunes of many had hung at his bidding. In a hazy, dreamy way he saw his life-long efforts 'V to stand for cleaner morals, for a better manhood. for a purer citizenship, for a spirit that 1nigl1t l1ope for the eternal. But these things didn 't concern l1im just now. Memory was carry- ing him backward, back through college days-they seemed different, now, somehow, insignificant maybe. compared with the bigger things-back to a woodland stream. Yes. there was a barefoot boy, lying in tl1e cool young grass on the bank near tl1e 1I1l1l'l!ll11'l1lg waters. lt was the month of May. In a. little thorn-bush over there, a pretty thrush chirped about its nest. ln the Sycamore, whose friendly leaves shades l1i1n, a screaming jay flitted from bough to bough. From the hillside near, l1e heard a dry twig fall, and saw a gray squirrel frisking in the sunshine. Down the stream in a little open space grazed away tl1e cows l1e had brought to pasture. Away from him t1'otted his dog Trip, his constant companion. He was alonc. Tl1ose dreams that so often haunted his brain came again. He saw men from far and near visiting the wonderful farm that llff would one day owngihe saw himself the leading business man in a great cityg imagined l1is filling a seat i11 tl1e Halls of Congressg or swaying multi- tudes with his eloquence to a better and a nobler life. The spell was broken. The gray-haired man walked on- word. Yes, dreams had come true, but, yet somehow, they looked diferent. The traffic of the great city rolled on. Its people formed one steady stream Howing i11 either direction. The turbid, polluted waters of the Chicago river moved slug- gishly on their way. The man smiled and was lost in tl1e crowd. An old man of three-score and twenty years sat gazing into the open grate. lt was the day before Christmas. The ground was covered with snow. The voices of laughing scl1ool girls came to him on the frosty air. From tl1e distance. the tinkle of sleigh-bells told him that lifewas still young. ln the next TOOII1 the Christmas tree was being prepared by those who were good to tl1e old man and who had loved those l1e had loved. The church bell tolled. The old man leaned his head on his cane. Yes, this was the same house. There had sat his young wife when they were so happy and life with its hopes and its fears was yet before the111. Under this roof tiny voices had first lisped. 'tFather." -She had rested for thirty years. The children had gone to college Hlld from T.ll6l'6 into the world. One daughter still lived, but life had called llel' far away, cares of l1er own occu- pied her mind, tl1e years had brought other loves. lt. seemed that she had almost forgotten. He was lonely. No! the old man straightened up. He. too. smiled. Life was good after all. What mattered it if he had lived to be tl1e last leaf on tl1e tree? He had never ex- pected all good things to come his way. Tl1e quiet voice of the years was whispering to him and he was happy. The door opened. A matronly XVOIHHII glided to l1is arms. "Father!" Through his tears and tl1e open door the old man saw tl1e Christmas tree in tl1e roo111 beyond. Comrades. you and I have dreamed. The dreams of a happy childhood have bee11 ours and are gone. Nor. do we regret their passing. Many of our air-castles have vanished into nothingness and are forgotten, others have developed into liv- ing realities. We are here today because a few have come true, for those that have f21llBI1 we are building newer ones, better and 1nore lasting. We l1ave met some disappointments, but we have learned in a small way to be fighters. NVe are glad of tl1ese college years. We are glad of these closing weeks. Yet, we know that in a few more days they will be but pleasant memories. Yea, the day is breaking. In a little while we shall enter, as did Ja.cob, the new land. We are approaching with our eyes open to its difficulties and its possibilities. 'Most of us, who in after years shall be glad to call Valparaiso our Alma Mater, have not come from cradles of ease and luxury. Al- ready, we have seen a little of what life means and we are not afraid to meet that part which lies before us. In the new land we are about to enter there is a living for each of us, but the making of it will be a test of our manhood and our womanhood. There are educational and social problems to be solved and we cannot escape playing our part in their solution. From every part of that land comes the demand for clean citizenship, the class of 1912 will be weighed in the political balance and must not be found wanting. The religious world is calling to us, calling not for creeds and for forms, but for men and for women who hear the still small voice and are ruled by the spirit of love. Yes, the new land is before us. From the hills and the valleys, from the broad plains and the hustling cities, from the mountains top and the river 's current, we hear the cry for our help. Our fathers have struggled there. Our elder brothers await our coming. The oppressed beneath their burdens are questioning what our puny strength may do. Those spirits to be born in future ages are wondering what help or hinderance we may be to the stream of life that is to nurture them. The blood of our Anglo-Saxon forefathers runs in our veins. The stern, unconquerable faith of our Puritan fathers is still our bright and shining guide. Let us go into the life before us in the same spirit that our Teutonic ancestors fought for their homes and their women, with the same daring that the knights of chivalry went out for their church and their sweethearts, with the same humility that the early Christians died for their King. We are fighters. But we shall also dream. The day broke and Jacob cross- ed over the brook. Doubt left him, for his brother Esau came with a welcome. Jacob built a house and purchased a little piece of land upon which he erected an altar to his God. And the Lord blessed him. A nation and a company of nations were of him, and kings came out of his loins. The dreams of the youth who watched the flocks and the herds by his Uncle Laban's wells had come true. I11 that house he built at Suc- coth were reared the sons who fathered the twelve tribes of Israel. From that altar before Shalem came the religion that men find embodied in the lowly Nazarene. Wliat mattered it where Jacob died, whether it were in the house where Rachel had smiled on him or in a stranger ls land? For as a prince he had power with God and men and l1ad prevailed. ' 'tThe day breakethf, The spirits that have tested us for so long are struggling to go from hence as struggled the angel that other morning back in the dim dawn of antiquity to go from Jacob. But like Jacob, let us implore a blessing of' them, ere they go. In a little while we shall cross the brook into the Land of Canaan. we shall build our houses, and erect altars to our God. ln those houses and at those altars we shall tlream dreams. And those dreams will shape our destiny. Famine may drive us down into Egypt, we may have to dwell in a strange land amongst strange people. The years will roll by. The rosy hue of youth will leave our faces. The strong rugged vigor of young manhood and young womanhood will take its departure. You and I shall sit with bowed head gazing into the flames of the open grate. The laughing of schoolgirls and the tinkling of sleighbells and the silent walls will bring their flow of memories. Through our tears We shall see the Christ- mas tree in the room beyond. And, now, Comrades, no better blessing can we ask than that, when we have thus passed far down into this vale of tears, when the first ruddy glow in the Eastland tells us' that the eternal day breaketh, that we may then look back through our smiles and see that the dreams of these closing days, the dreams in those houses and at those altars we are about to build were dreams, begetters of a final and a lasting peace. -la H l l I Interior uditoriu m PROPI-IECY OF THE CLASSIC CLASS Eddene B. Peterson 5,1 'M if ATRIOTIC prophecies, no pathetic parts, Always alive with all the Arts, I Piquant polished, padded with puns fi we Seldom sell for such small sums. Guaranteed to gratify, garrulous, great, Lead the line and learn your fate. Funny, fanciful, foolish and frivolous, Never sober, sad or serious. Hark the hour and heed your heart, , Classics cried for a la carte, Pause a period, prepared to pass On the prophecy of the Classic Class. On a bright morning in June, 1926, an unusually large crowd had gathered on the streets of Liverpool, England. A passer-by could readily see that there was something which held the crowd as if spellbound. Their eyes were directed upward where a tiny speck was seen in the sky, which at first appeared like a small bird, but continually grew larger, and at last with shouts, they hailed the aeroplane which carried tourists from Valparaiso, Indiana, on a tour of the world. The first place scheduled for a stop was London, so the ship descended there, where a throng of people had assem- bled to see the passengers disembark. Among the crowd were those who were anxious to dispose of souvenirs, post cards, etc. The travelers heeded not their cries, but very soon their atten- tion was called to a gentleman carrying a basket and calling out these familiar words, 4'Popcorn and peanuts, only five cents a package." Mr. De Waiie was delighted when the vis- itors relieved him of all his goods. He told them that Evangeline Baldwin, who had achieved fame through her lyric poem, c'The Brown Veil Wliicli All Kin-see Some Day in Para- disef' had recently been appointed Poet Laureate of the King- dom. Because there, were so many German passengers on board, it was decided to next visit HDas Vaterlandf' As they hov- ered over Berlin, among other points of interest, the palace of the Kaiser was pointed out to them, this was inspected cu- riously through telescopes and great astonishment was mani- fested at the sight of an old Valpo graduate teaching the Kaiser's young ideas how to shoot. The young German princes had enjoyed the excellent instruction of Miss Emma Park cver since her graduation from Valpo in August. 1912. Several members of the party had long wanted to attend the University in Berlin, so this was the next place visited. As they were anxious to see the president of this great institution, a guide led the way through a number of halls to his Sanctum Sanctor- um. The President was then announced a11d Professor Charles Von Erwin stood before them. Whereupon the band struck up "Die Wacht Am Rhine." This reminded them of the beautiful scenery for which the Rhine is noted, so, not Wishing to miss anything, they made their way thither. The first thing that attracted t.heir attention was a little cott.age surrounded by a typical German garden. This was found to be the home of a lonely fisherman who had fied from the suffragettes of Porter county to spend his bachelor days in peace among t.he good natured Germans. This poor bachelor. who still nursed occa- sional pangs of jealousy when he wondered fLWho is kissing her now," proved to be Happy Jeff Jones. Elated over the scenery of the Rhine, the tourists decided to compare it with that of Switzerland. As they neared the snow capped Alps, a rumbling resembling thunder was heard and rain coats were hurriedly donned. This was, however, a. false alarm, as they discovered this noise was coming from one of the highest peaks where Mr.. Morrison, like Demosthenes on the sea shore, was practicing the speeches with which he fired the minds of millions. It had now become dark, so the ship was turned toward the east and continued steadily on her way during the night. When they arose in the morning. the passengers were informed that they were over the Celestial Empire. They lighted near a rice plantation and interestedly watched the laborers in the field. Among them they noticed a little woman with pencil and note book in hand who was kindly questioning them. This person, formerly known as Miss Mary Cobb, was getting notes for her work on f'The Necessity for Rice in Household Econ- omy." Near this field was a newly erected la.undry. As they desired to see a real Chinese laundry in operation, several of the tourists entered and were greeted by sweet strains of music, they stopped and heard the melody of this well known song: '4Mary, my Mary happy do l do my part, Mary, my Mary lean thou on my heart." ' Without uttering a word the visitors reverently tiled out leaving Mr. Shatter to the joyous expression of his thought. Soon the white ship again mounted upward and at sunset it came to rest on one of the Philippine Islands. As they had just seen the sun set they were thrown into consternation at the sight of a sun smiling at them over the crest of a small hill. After smiling at. them peacefully for a minute. the sun started to jog towards them in a buffalo cart and Mr. Yuskai- tus greeted them heartily. In this cart he had a load of cocoa- vent his being stewed by the natives. Leaving the eastern hemispherejthey sailed across the Atlantic to Cape Horn. Here on the proinontory of the Cape gamboled Mr. Treese, who with little cries of joy picked up here and there precious toads and snails for Professor Ren- nett's laboratory. Mr. Treese was left to his arduous duties and the airship tiew on to the Panama Canal. The busiest man in the Canal Zone was pointed out to them. He was David Alstadt, who was putting in a new heating plant in the light house. As it made them nervous to watch Mr. Alstadt rush around in the Canal Zone in the intense heat. they returned to the ship and sailed to San Francisco. The tourists arrived tthere just as an excursion train was about to leave for Canada. Among the passengers was Mr. Miller Csometimes known as Mr. Smithl who carried a basket of blackberries. which he expected to exchange for ten rabbits. These rabbits he nuts just purchased from one of the largest cocoanut planters on t.he Islands, Mr. Kincius. Soon a voice called out from the ship, 'LAN aboard for Australia." So bidding their friends adieu, they hastily em- barked. And in the wee hours of the morning arrived at Sydney. Their first thought was to look for a place where they might satisfy their hunger. They were attracted by Mr. Brenzas familiar voice calling, "Sandwiches, sandwiches, corn-beef, ham and cheese, right this wayg the best hamjoint in the cityff They entered and were served with most de- lightful refreshments by Dora Hutchison. After this repast they were taken through several of the factories and in one of the largest of these they found Mr. Ray Blackburn packing Australian cheese, The next day they flew over to Melbourne where they were much surprised to see Mr. Parrill walk down the street calling, "Umbrellas. umbrellas to mend." Aus- tralia was so' attractive that the travelers decided to stay an- other day and visit some of the farms. They saw many inter- esting thingsg among these was a new method recently originated and int1'oduced by Mr. Daggett, for shearing sheep. A dispute arose as to what place should be visited next. This was soon settled when the morning paper stated that the world's greatest missionary had arrived in Antananarivo, Madagascar. Thitlier they took their flight, and arrived there just in time to hear Mr. Stotlar deliver his famous sermon on L'Why Crime is a Fault of the Bottlerf' The tourists were also destined to do some missionary work, for on reaching the Cape of Good Hope, they rescued Mr. Coldren just in time to pre- would obtain from the largest rabbit ranch, owned and oper- ated by Mr. Brian. Here also lived another old bachelor, Mr. Macdonald, who had made his pile by mining nickel. He was not a bachelor from choice, however, as he had inserted matri- monial advertisements in all the leading magazines of the coun- try, but had not received a. single reply. The journey would hardly have been complete unless that famous city, Milwaukee, had been visited, so this was the next stop. There, there was the greatest excitement. Worneii were rushing up and down the streets and shouting their thanks to Otealia Treitz and Lucy Thompson, who had succeeded at last in obtaining for them the rights of suffrage. They had pledged their political support to Mr. Bryan whose hat was still in the ring. Miss Cecelia Brenza was also in this city lecturing on the temperance question. The touring party was now anxious to reach Valpo. On their journey from Milwaukee to Chicago, they saw a large steamship-'which appeared to carry a merry crowd. A closer observation proved it to be the steamer that was carrying the graduating classes of the Valparaiso Univer- sity to Milwaukee, where the graduating exercises were to be held. This ship had been selected because of the good service always received, due to the very competent captain. Mr. Galla- gher. h The aeroplane was now sailing as fast as possible to reach Valparaiso. On August 21, 1926, just as the old college bell pealed forth its call for supper, the airship lighted in front of the old college building. Mr. Brown and Mr. Kinsey came out to welcome the travelers home. They were delighted to hear the reports of their journey, but especially interested in the news that the members of the 1912 Classic Class had all been found prosperous and happy. ADDRESS Prof. H. FEW months ago the Chicago Tribune printed an editorial under the caption, Goethals. It spoke of the great work that he has been doing down there on the Isthmus-great not only in its magnitude, but in its quality, and the splendid administrative ability it shows. It spoke,of the astonishment caused in Europe by the efficiency displayed, and the absence of any scandal in connection with any part of the work. lt spoke of the astonishment found in Goethals himself-a mere colonel of engineers, doing a work that would have made a civilian engineer world-renowned and immensely wealthy, and yet doing it all, as if it were a work to which any colonel of engi- neers might expect to be assigned. And it ended sagely with the remark, that "the United States cannot neglect to reward Goethals without neglecting its own best interestsfl The edi- torial pleased me, but I have been reading the Tribune every day for twenty-live or thirty years, and I was a little curious to know what was the character of the reward which it thought the United States ought to bestow upon the Hgood and faith- ful servant." So, I wrote it, and requested it to enlighten us. No doubt it thought any fool could answer my question, or its time was wholly occupied in maintaining its position as the greatest newspaper in the world, for, what Sydney Smith said of Macaulay, it has surprised me with several brillia.nt flashes of silence on the matter. ttyl N. 48 Carver little while, about what expect, for the work of great work-shop of lite. that you will find best if we can, what are the Now, I want to talk to you, a very rewards you may expect, and ought to your brain and heart and hands in this what are the returns for the struggle Worth the while. And first let us see, rewards which the world, but especially our own countrymen, have thought it most worth while to bestow, and what so many have seemed to think it most worth while to receive. At the close of the Civil War there were a good many men who had done important work for the nation, some of them very import- ant work. They deserved well at the hands of the countryg and, whatever the vices or shortcomings of our countrymen may be, niggardliness and ungenerosity are not among them. We not only believe that the laborer is worthy of his hire, but we pay him generously, sometimes lavishly. The rank and file of the army, in pay, allowances, and bounties, were rewarded as no common soldiers were ever rewarded before, and since the close of the great conflict the government has cared for them in a system of pensions, that is prodigal, to say the least that can be said of it. Through the munificence of the public many of the higher officers, too, received valuable presents of houses and lands. Sheridan did, and Sherman, and Grant. Grants services had been eminent, his pay and honors had been eminent. But he seemed to place so high an estimate up- on their value that he thought no compensation was too great, or could be continued too long. The people made him presi- dent for two terms, though he was poorly qualified for one term, and he was the Hrst man in our history to think that we owed l1i1n a third. He made a tour ot the world largely at the public expense, he loaned his name to the firm of Ward and Company, and for a time received commercial returns on the name of the Victor of Appomattox. Wlieii the end came, a generous people followed beyond the end. A real-estate com- pany contributed one ot' its lots on the banks of the Hudson, the people contributed great sums for stones and mortar, his church and tl1e nation put him away with roll of drum and pious dirge, the cement is now cracking, and no doubt the people will be asked to contribute again for repairs. It ought to be said in passing, that not all the great actors in that stormy time put that kind of an estimate upon their services. George H. Thomas did not, Edwin M. Stanton did not, and I know nothing in the life of General Lee that shows better his sturdy manliness and high-hearted self-respect, than his preferring to earn a modest living by honest toil, rather than receive it as a, largess at the hands of a willing people. Now, when I wrote to the Tribune, I hardly expected an answer, for I thought it most probable, that it, like Socrates, was attended by a daemon that would whisper, '4don'tg" but if the paper had found leisure or thought it worth while to answer my question, l should have expected it to have suggest- ed a residence somewhere, or a yacht, or at least an automo- bile, as the very smallest token of the peoples regard for Colonel Goethals. That would have been eminently our Amer- ican notion of a Etting reward. But the nation is already pay- ing him fifteen thousand a year, it will ind him another job, as he calls what he has now on the Isthmus. when he is done with the present oneg when he comes to the retiring age, it will pay him a generous salary, and when the soldier 's Recall is sounded, it will give him a soldier's burial with the honors of war, in an honorable grave, among its other honored dead in Arlington. And what more of that sort of thing could he wish ? Do you imagine that he does not know what he is do- ing, and that you must give him the fee simple to an acre and pile of stones to have him understand? "EXegi monumentum aere perennius Regalique Situ pyramidum altiusf' I-Ie knows all the good things that money can buy, and he will have them, but he knows just as well all the good things that money cannot buy, and he has them too, as every such worker has. Do you think he has no joy in his work simply as work, no joy in seeing himself-his thoughts and feelings and choices incorporating themselves into something, no mush- room atfair, "so dwarfed a growth of cold and night"--but into something that will make the lite of his nation, that educa- ted him, safer, and the lives of his people richer and happier? Do you think he takes no satisfaction in merely knowing, that he has an abiding place in the respect of every one capable of knowing what an able man is, or a still deeper satisfaction in knowing that he always will have an abiding place in the attec- tions of all who know what an honorable man is? Do you think he does not know that, barring the mischances of physi- cal accident and the consequent spiritual bewilderment in a very few of the coming years, his place in history is secure, and that there will be no wrangling among the historians over the abatement that must be made in this thing or that before an estimate can be formed of what he really was, as will always be the case with Caesar, and Napoleon, and Bismarck, and Grant AZ Do you think he finds no compensation for the toil of the work in the enforced respect of the would-be wrong-doers for the sternness of his justice, and in the trust of the weak and ignorant in its perfect fairness? Do you believe that he places a lower estimate upon these intangible goods, than he does upon the tangible ones that his salary buys for him, or that he would consciously increase the latter at the slightest expense of the' former? Do you think that, while making no curtailment in the quality of the work, he constantly keeps the expenses below the estimates, merely because honesty is the best policy, and finds his reward in the mere prudential man's peace of mind? So, I think you can ,see that I entirely agree with the edi- torial in believing that we ought to make ready some fitting reward for the work that now seems reasonably sure of an honorable and creditable completion. But I hope you may never be called upon to contribute a dollar for any of the customary memorials or material monuments. Everything of that kind that is desirable has already been provided for, and your own share of anything more should be only a clear under- standing of what has been done down there, and a thorough appreciation of what it was that made it all possible-merely Goethals himselfg and then, by far the most worthy contribu- tion you or 'any one else can make, that whatever your own tasks in life may be, however high or however humble. you take them up and carry them on, in your own way, of course, but in the same spirit that Goethals has worked. If all our people will do that, it will be the best reward that the nation can make, and will be the one that will most redound to its self-interests, as the editorial put it. And you needn't send him a long-distance message to let him know how you are try- ing to reward him. If all our people will meet him on his home-coming in that silent. way, he will find it out and will thank the auspicious stars, Do you happen to remember Ad- miral Deweys home-coming? That happened a long time ago, about thirteen years, and young gentlemen. but particularly young ladies. could hardly be expected to recall it very dis- tinctly. You see there are some disadvantages in being so young, or. in this case, shall me say, it was a dispensation of the favoring fates? There are few brighter names in our history than Admiral Dewey 's. and few more remarkable inci- dents than what he did for about a year at Manila. Vtlhen he came home, there was a noisy. spectacular reception at New York. The papers said it aroused some aspirations for the presidency, there was great enthusiasm over all the country, his friends raised a large sum and bought him a house in NVash- ingtong he met charming" widow, became engaged, as we say, there was a recrudescence of the early-manhood chivalry, which, toned and sobered by the years, made the life at Manila possible, he proposed to deed the house to his prospective wife, when suddenly there arose such an outcry, that the hero of Manila must have repeated often in his perplexity the words of the poor old mad king-'tthe little dogs and all, Tray, Blanch, and Sweetheart, see, they bark at me." Pray you, do not make Colonel Goetl1al's return a repetition of Admiral Dew- ey's, or some fellow, twelve or iifteen years from now, will retell the unpleasant story, as I am doing this one. Now, as to yourselves and the rewards you may expect, let me first remind you, that in and of yourselves you have no rights in the premises-rights, those things you are so proud and so jealous of. Your rights are only the correlates of your duties. Wliei'e a duty does not go before, no right can exist, much less follow. They are only a sort of warranty, that, so long as you perform the duty, you shall have protection from the authority that imposes the duty. Wlien the duty is dis- charged, the right is recalledg when the duty is refused, the right is annulled. That is the law, and not Teddy nor LaFol- lette, jointly, or severally, with all the progressives and Champ with his 'ihoun' " and Williziin Jennings thrown in for good measure can alter it. This being always borne in mind, the first reward you may expect, is the one we call the money-re- ward. And it is fundamental. It is little worth while to talk of any other rewards till the primordial ones, food, shelter, and clothing are secure. Can you forecast what the amount of that reward shall be? Well, in a world like this, when after birth nothing is very certain but the multiplication-table and death, I suppose it would hardly do to be very exact, and the few principles that we canin any sense say that we know, we discussed in the Economics class, and I am not going to hash them over for this feast, but I think we can say, that, if you have a sound mind in a sound body, are industrious, fair- minded, and have what Garfield used to call gumption, you may expect the reward to furnish you with the comforts, the decencies, and enough of the luxuries of life. Have you any choice in deciding anything about the amount of the reward? I think you have. It two positions-but remember that a t'position" is only an occasion wherein you take up the burden of duty-if two positions are offered, one with a reward of 9590 and the other of 35100, with everything else equal, I think you not only may take the higher reward, but ought to take it. Is there any limit to the amount of the reward beyond which you are not at liberty to go in accepting? That is a difficult question, and, I should not care to be dogmatic in answering it. But speaking generally, and supposing that the principles which we think are laws in economic science have been com- plied with, I think the answer must be, no. There are no assignable limits. If your business and administrative abili- ties are such that working strictly within what we have reason to believe are economic laws, you can obtain control of a thou- sand, or a million, or a hundred millions, I think there is an obligation resting upon you to do so, and you consequently have the right to do so. Yet bear in mind, I am not discussing how you should use the reward, or how distribute it, but I think the responsibility would be a. fearful one, and you should not be censured, if you decline to take it. Those are some of the things we must say about the money-reward. Ot course, I know such general statements seem a. little ghostly to the so- called practical man in the so-called practical lite, but they are no more ghostly here, than they are anywhere else,-in Mechanics, in Physics, in Ethics. The most skillful mechanic cannot build a machine, that will completely express the re- quirements of the formulas, that the mathematician and the physicist place in his hands,-he must always say of his work, ever not quite. But without the formulas, his best work would be only botch work, though he would not know that he had botched it, and, of course, could make no coi'rections. I do not suppose any one ever doubts that the Golden Rule, or some equivalent statement of the law. should be our rule of action in conduct, but only the best and sincerest men know how difficult is obedience, often in the simplest concrete cases. As I have said, the money-reward is the fundamental one, but I hardly think you will make any mistake about its im- portance, unless you come to believe that it is the only reward. Remember, that I am not now discussing those unhappy cases, the maimed in body or mind. or those others "quorum virtu- tibus obstat res augusta domi"-but average cases like yours and mine. And 1 think we sometimes do forget that there are other rewards in return for which we may often forego some of the money rewards. You can make the struggle for exist- ence just as hard and brutalizing and deforming in a land How- ing with milk and honey. as it makes itself in the jungle or desert, and if you are looking for specimens for your museums of its -poor, starved, envenomned things, its wart hogs, and horned toads, and Gila monsters, and fanged snakes, you need not go to Africa or Arizona to find them. Perhaps I have dwelt too long on these matters. Let us now look for a little while at the other rewards, the intangible ones, which after all are the significant ones, and make the human life altogether other than the brute life. And first, in addition to the mere artisan 's reward, you are entitled to the artist ls reward. The mere artisan, if there is any mere artisan, never works for the work's sake, or for the product. He expects to exchange the product for something else that will give him more delight. The artist works for his work 's sake and for the product. The work and the product are their own "exceeding great reward." No doubt he had to make his own living and his fa.mily's living by the work of his pen and brain, but Shakespeare did not write the Hamlet, or the Lear to sell. If he had done that, they would have gone long ago the way of those mushroom things, that make a fortune for their writers, and perish in the frosts of the first winter. No doubt it is quite possible, that you will never be able to do work which the world will find so indispensible to its well- being that it will not neglect your work, but if you will do the work for its own sake, put into it your own self, no mat- ter what the work may be. you will put into it that something which will give it kinship with the immortal things, lf you fail to do that. you consign it and yourself at once to "the dumb herd of them that wholly die," HApelles has been here, " said the Greek painter as he entered his studio and saw a simple line drawn upon the canvas. Any one could have drawn a line: only Apelles could have put his name upon the mere line after that fashion. Have you heard the story of John Bern- oulli. the great Swiss mathematician? He had published for solution by the analysts of his time a diflicult problem. ln a little while, he received a solution, but it was anonymous. As soon as he had read it through, he said. that's Newton's work -tamquan ex ungue leonem-you can tell a lion from 'his claw. And you need have no fear, lest the work will be so insignifi- cant that it will be lost in the whirl and uproar of the storm. No good work is ever lost-Ma little grain shall not be spilt"g and if it was your own work, if you had put your own name upon it, it will come back to you in "the rolling years here- after." "The stars come nightly to the sky, The tidal wave comes to the sea, Nor time, nor space, nor deep, nor high, Can keep my own away from me." Nor need you fear that it is only artists and dreamers, the children of the Dawn, that find such charm in their work, and in the pursuits of the flying Vision. No greater admin- istrator ever lived than Edwin M. Stanton. He was probably the greatest Wiltl' Minister that ever served any people in their sore need. Wlieii he left the great office that he had filled with such masterful power, his private fortune was a wreck from neglect, his health was a wreck, for he had poured his strength Without stint into the work of l1is officeg and the 1112111 through whose l1a11ds l1ad passed SHIDS of public money, that would l1ave made the hoards of Crassus and Croesus look small, was in pressing need of a position to earn his bread. Friends would gladly have supplied the means, but his proud spirit wo11ld have none of it. He was made a member of the Supreme Court, for he was one of tl1e greatest lawyers of the time. The first work he did to earn his bread for the morrow was do11e in his SlClU'0Ol11. He listened to the pleas of the attorneys, while lying upon a couch from which he never arose. So, if you have learned that your work, whatever it may be, is worthy of your loving self-devotion and your name, you have learned -one of lifels priceless secrets, and you need not be ashamed of the reward, for it is wortl1y of you, nor of your membership in that Union, for membership there goes only to Earth's bravest and brightest. You need not be ashamed of their comradeship, they will not be of yours. ' Still another reward you shall have, if you will take it- tl1e reward of finding in the World a home, a11d not just a work- shop or a hunting-ground. But first let me 1'6H1i11d you that the Word "ho1ne'7 means a place where you may lie down, find rest from the struggle and relief from the fear. Our indebted- ness of tllfz' great men who have given us our sciences is beyond all conception or expression, but the richest gifts they have not given us, that was beyond their power, those gifts we must discover for ourselves, take each as a sort of privileg- iu.m from an authority beyond tl1e Masters themselves. Vile often talk about Hconquering Nature''-conquering the air, conquering the waves, conquering the lightning, While in real- ity vve have conquered just nothing at all. Bacon told 11s lo11g ago what our conquests 11111513 be,-we m11st learn, as exactly as We may, all her ways, and then obey her with childlike resignation and t1'ust. Wlitiii we l1lflV6 learned obedience, she is not, as Stuart Mill thought her, a step-mother, but a foster- ing mother prodigal of llQl' gifts, The telegraph, the tele- phone, the limited trains, which the scientific man names so proudly, are indeed marvelous gifts tl1at we can never repay in kind, but are they, indeed, the IHOST p1'ecious gifts and final i11 any important way? You build a great steamship, you call it unsinkable, you equip it in a fashion that makes it, as you boast, worthy of a king and a 4ll16Q11. But you recklessly smash it into an iceberg, Zllld it goes to the b0tl10lll, Hlld the only surviving thing you shall l1ave to be pro11d of, will be the evidence, that in spite of all your folly. H15-1I1ll00Cil and woman- hood are still here, as a brave llltlll, with Death at his elbow, places a woman in tl1e life-boat with tl1e same smile and knight- ly co11rtesy he would l1ave shown at her carriage in Wasl1i11g- ton, and as a brave woman goes Hunterriiied i11to the gulf of death" with her husband, rather than return without him Zlllil live all her 1'Q1Il?1ll1l11g' years amid the luxurious trappings that her millions would b11y and Science would furnish. If the mountain ll21S for you nothing but tl1e mine or the quarry, you yourself may be as 1118311 a thing as your ancestral CHVE3-llliillg if lake and stream ca11 do for you no more than turn a wheel or fill an irrigation ditch, y0l11' pig and your goose may be the fatter, but your own spirit may be as thin Elllil pll?lI1f2iSII12il. as the gliding ghosts that "did squeak a11d gibber in the Roman streetsf' if your telegraph, your Marconi, your telcphoixe can do no more for you, than enable you to talk-far and write-far, your spirit may be no brighter or finer thing, than the poor moon-calf, that Prospero had taught language. and its profit on 't was, it knew l1ow to curse. For your spirit, and by your spirit, I mean no mystical something, but only, your common- selves in their highest moods and doing their own proper work. there are ministries of hill and mountain andyalley, of lake and stream and shore: of flower and fruit and tree, of sky and cloud and storm, of ttsunshine and wide air and wing- ed things" altogether above and beyond any mere economic interests. Science cannot teach them, no one can give them, they are yours under the terms of a charter that neither king nor Kaiser can sign. -Of course the struggle must go 011: it will often be hard, sometimes repulsive, as now in our political world, you cannot escape it, you should 11ot decline its tasks, but will you not sometimes turn your eyes toward these other things, not go to them, not linger awhile among them and re- fresh your courage with the might of their loveliness: as the wanderer in the burning sands turns to the oasis and renews his strength with the shade and greenness and sparkling wa- ters? "Other flowering isles must be In the sea of Life and Agony, Other spirits float and flee Oy61' that gulf, e'en now, perhaps, On some rock the wild wave Wraps, With folded wings they Waiting sit For my bark, to pilot it To some calm and blooming cove, Vfhere for me and those I love, May a windless bower be built, Far from passion. pain and guilt." In all our rich English Literature, I hardly know a finer tribute to the memory of a good man, than Lowell 's sonnet on Jeffries Vilyman. I will leave it with you, and along with it the earnest hope, that, when the bells ring you to rest, the beautiful words may apply to you as fittingly as they did to the quiet, self-eifacing scientist. L4 The wisest man could ask no more of Fate, Than to be simple, modest, manly, true. Safe from the Many. honored of the Few, To count as naught in Wo1'lcl, or Church, or State, But inwardly, in secret to be great, To feel mysterious Nature ever new, To touch, if not to grasp, her endless clue, And learn by each discovery how to wait. He widened knowledge and escaped the praise, He wisely taught, because more wise to learn, He toiled for Science, 11ot to draw man's gaze, 'But for her lore of self-denial stern. That such a man could spring from our decays, Fans the soul's nobler faith until it burnfl WI A I I UU! w as 2315 ,W E , m e SEN! link tml 3 'S ,f., fs E g gg, , A ' ' EIMIM1 - F ,lffflllfwlfffv fl' :ff I 'L' . 1 ,,,,,,,., ..,....,,....... ,. I gl Aldstadt, David A. ...... . Armstrong, Gabrielle Awotln, Leo .................... Baker, Clark E. ,....., . Barker, Howard C. Blomquist, Hugo L. ...., . Blue, Thos. G. .............. . Bowman, Mae Marie Boyd, Meryl E. ...,.,..,.... . Casto, Eugene L. .... . Christman, Frank A. Clark, Joseph W. ...... . Conover, Nina Craig, Clair C. ............... .. Cunningham, Onia L. ..... . Delker, Samuel F. ..,.,.. . DeWitt, Dorothy ........ Disher, George C. ..... . Dorough, John L. ...., . Evans, William R. Fleischman, Ollie M. Flory, Roger V. ......,.... . Gallagher, Edward D. .... . Gold, Charles E. ........... . Grimm, Charles H. Hamman, W. D. ...... . Harvey, James F. .... . Hickman, Alvyn R. ..... . Hockert, Jenkin R. Hogan, Stephen C. .... . Hough, Walter S. Hoyert, J. Harry ..,,.,. SCIENTIFIC GRADUATING CLASS .......Ridd1esburg, Penn. .......Lexington, Ohio .......Valparaiso. Ind. ......Claremont, Ill. ........Reno, Nevada ........Kulm, N. D. ...........Carrui, Ill. ........Mentone, Ind. .........Momenee. Ill. ......,,....Ripley, W. Va. ........Kunkletown, Penn. .................Pittsburgh, Penn. ..,,,,,,,..,...,.....,Valparaiso, Ind. ...international Falls, Minn. ,,,,,,,,,,,,,.,,,,,,,..,.Paducah, Ky. ........Haniilton, Ohio .......Valparaiso, Ind. ........Mayslick, Ky. .......Leeds, Alabama .......Oshkosh, Wis. ,,,.....,,..,,Oldl1ani, S. D. ,.,..,..,,..........Chicago, Ill. .......,Frankenmuth, Mich. ....,...McEwensville, Penn. ,,,,,,,,,.,,,.,.,,,,,,,..,.Cliicago, Ill. .......,.Los Angeles, California ,.....................Rutan, Penn. .......Pittsburgh, Penn. ..........Chicag0, Ill. ...........Chicago, Ill. ....,.Ruffsdale, Penn. .........Piketown, Penn. Hutchison, Dora ...... Jegluni, Leonard G. Johnsen, Harry V. ..... . Johnson, Harold B. .... . Kauppi, Ida K. ......... , Kilcoyne, Francis .... King, S. J. ............. . Kluech, Joseph R. Krost, Esther ......,.. Krumin, Mildred ...... Landis, Zella ........ March, Annie H. ,...... . McGehee, George R. ..... . Miller, Alexander H. Morthland, John A. Nutter, Warren .,,.,.... Obenchain, Roland ..... Parker, L. W. .............. . Pickerl, Dorothea M. ...... . Raef, Leo J. .......................... . Rimelspach, Clenience A. Robinson, N. J. ................... . Salerni, Nicola B. ..... . Schwartz, K. K. ....,. . Seibert, Fred R. ....... . Siena, Michael A. .... . Smith, Oscar D. Smith, Alvin J. , .... Stephan, Dorothea ...... Stoltz, Spencer G. Strikol, Albert .......... Twineni, J. Clyde ...... .........Valparaiso, Ind. .........Waukon, lowa ........Davenport, Iowa ......................Weikert, Pa. Aberdeen, Washington ........Fon Du Las, Wis. ..........Springfield, Ill. .......Jasper, Indiana ...........Carlyle, Ill. ..........Boston, Mass. ........Valp:1raiso, Ind. ........Lawrence, Mass. ...........Shawneetown, Ill. . .... Bridgeport, Kansas .........Va1paraiso, Ind. .......Conrad, W. Va. ...........Mishawaka, Ind. .........Florence, Indiana ...........BI'6ll16I1, Ind. ...........Newton, Ill. ............Fren1ont, Ohio .........Lakeside, Mich. ................Queens, N. Y. .........Carnbridge, Mass. ......St. Marys, Ohio .......Patterson, N. J. .........Jackson, Miss. ........Winamac, Ind. .........Valparaiso, Ind. .......Gettysburg, Ohio ........Amsterdam, N. Y. .......Sun1meriield, Ohio Utterback, Arthur Van Auken, Vera Waiver, Ludwig A Webb, Alma ............. Whitt, Emery R. Pres., Fall Term. Thos. G. Blue .......Clareniont, Ill. ..........Auburn, Ind. ............Boston, Mass. ......South Point, Ohio .......McG1one, Kentucky Wiley, John L. Willer, Merton Wolfe, David J. .............,.. . Zimmerman, E CLASS OFFICERS Vice-Pres., Eugene L. Casto .........Florence, Ind Sandusky, Mich .........Plainf1e1d, N. J. verett E. .... ......., F armland, Ind Spring Term. Pres., Chas. H. Grimm Vice-Pres., Everett E. Zimmerman Sec., Dorothy DeWitt Sec., Esth Treas., Roland Obencliain 'Treas., J. Clyde Twineni Editor, J. W. Clark Editor, Francis J. Kilcoyne Winter Term. Summer Term. Pres., Spencer G. Stoltz Pres., Alvyn R. Hickman Vice-Pres., Clarke E. Baker Vice-Pres., J. Clyde Twinem Sec., Nina Conover Sec., Alma Webb Treas., Leo Raef Treas., Geo. R, McGehee Editor, Dorothea Stephan Editor, Zella Landis MEMBERS OF RECORD BOARD. Howard C. Barker ............,.,........................................................ ......... E ditor Roger V. Flory .............,,..................................................... ........ R Ianager CLASS DAY OFFICERS. Leo J. Raef ......,,, ...........................,...,......................... . ........ H istorian Merton VViller ..,,,.. Oscar D. Smith ..... Vera Van Auken .... ,. ............ Poet ........Orator .........Prophet fi " " GABRIELLE ARMSTRONG Lexington, Ohio It is funny l1ow llllflllf' inelnbers of this class just spring into existence. Of 'T course none of ns li110XV when we were b01'11. It is all hearsay on our part. Never 111i11cl, we k11ow you are here 'Gay" a11d your presence in the class roll is gladly accepted. Moreover it is a consolation to know that after taking a post-graduate course ill Yalpo she intends to locate so1newl1ere in tl1e United States. XVhat a blessing it would be if niore of the Al11Gl'lCH11 girls would re111ain at home and not have to go abroad for their titles, After spending three years i11 the High School of Lexington. Ohio, Miss A1'111St1'0Hg took Stenography i11 Mansfield, Ol1io, and from there she went to the Oberlin Business College. ln 1909 the Coniniereial Class of Valpo enrolled lli-31' as one of its members. Qi?" 5' "Do not niention iny ofHce work here for tl1e last two years, please," is one if of l1er l'0lIl2ll'liS. so we will have to overlook that little episode. ' ' CLARK EVERETTT BAKER Claremont, Illinois - . Clark has been quite a good little boy wl1ile ill our midst, and if he con- . tinues as l1e l1as set out, we might look with pride some day to see that Baker has climbed the ladder and attained the coveted 1'OI111Cl. The class has had a few faithful supporters ?l11Cl here we have 0116 of theni. Baker was vice-presi- dent of tl1e class during tl1e second ter1n of its existence. Since then he has served OI1 important CO1'11Il1ltlZ66S and in each case has done credit to hiniself. After stating that Mr. Baker studied Amateur Photography for two years it seems that we have the record of but another kind of occupation which is represented by tl1e inembers of the class. In answer to the question, "which nieniber of tl1e class is not true to tl1e sweethearts left at home," Baker has shown his frankness by answering thus, LcWllO9X'61' is false, namely, Barker, Jegluin and myself." 58 HOWARD CHESTER BARKER Reno Nevada What have we here? Otiicer, arrest this man. We don't want to see him injured by overwork. His life has been so eventful. Some well-inten t.ioned philosopher remarked that, as a rule. the'bald headed men were verv brilliant. An exception to every rule. Notice how his mind wanders back to his old home. The Sierras were none too rugged for him to climb when he was a boy. His most happy HIOIYIEHJES were spent in roaming about their tim ber clad slopes. Howard completed the Grammar and High Schools in Reno Now that is a giveaway, but don 't say anything about it. He gained the dis tinction of being the first graduate of the High School to obtain a State Teach er's Certificate, During the next few years he endeavored to teach the young idea how to shoot. After va.rious other exploits he took the fantastic idea that the far West was too slow and came to Valparaiso. What a change has come over him. HAlmost humanf' is what the bystanders think of him nou HUGO LEANDER BLOMQUIST K111111, N. D. Hugo Leander did not happen to be born in this country, as that great event in his life happened four years before he came here. He iirst saw how big this world looked at Sorsele, Vesterbotton, Sweden, on June 5, 1888. At the early age of four he crossed the waters with his parents and set- tled at Kuhn, North Dakota. Farm life attracts his attention, but he knows that a thorough education is necessary whether he becomes a farmer, merchant, or mechanic. In all of his undertakings he shows the same determined spirit of perseverance and sticktoity that he exhibited during his three years ot college life. Besides the time required for the regular school work, HBloomie" has found time to devote to music and his stunts on the cornet are both surpris- ing and delightful. A college professorship is his ideal of a profession. 59 5C'fNhr, V4 THOMAS G. BLUE Carmi, Ill. Thos. G. entered the race 011 July 25, 1887. For a short time he was rather slow, but finally received a good start and came up to the rest of those in the race, Probably the work on the farm had a great deal to do with his later growth and development. His early education was obtained in the grade schools of his home town. During his sojourn here he has displayed marked ability in Physics and has been acting as assistant instructor for several terms. His four years' experience in teaching before he came here has helped him in many ways. ln the future he expects to return to teaching, having obtained the position of Science Teacher in the Valparaiso High School. The Class has placed the highest honors 011 him by making him President of Fall Term, 1912. l A E4Q:1:'sg1E,2:3-i:- ' ,: I l mfgiliffi f-.Ig -'v. 1 :J ' 22:11 - l 5i tier ' ' W f 7 MERYL ELLEN BOYD iiomeuce, Ill. - . Just a few words in behalf of this dark haired and dark eyed Miss. Just ui- notice those large eyes. They really shine when she smiles. lt is her intention to have us know that sometime during the year of 1890. she was born. This event happened on a farmnear Modesto, Illinois. Farm life, country school, grade school, and High School have been potent factors in her development. One year of teaching has added much to her dignity. She has been in Valpa- raiso for three years, but expects to quit this year and go to teaching again, unless. Of course, we have IIGVGI' noticed Meryl Hkeeping company," but such things are barely possible. Surely she has not been so industrious that she could not 'spare a few moments to receive company. Like all the loyal Scientihcs she graces our book with her picture and carries one of them away with her. 60 MAE MARIE 'BOWMAN Mentone Ind One more native born is added to our class roll. She was rather fortunate in her very start, having been ushered in by the ringing of bells and the booming of cannon which sure happened on July 4, 1890. It would be a nat ural thing to expect that one would do things after the great inspiration accompanying this kind of welcome. After grade school life she attended and later was graduated from the four years commissioned High School at Men tone. Not more than eight or ten years elapsed, as one would guess from the above date, before she taught three years in the grades. Graduation with the Scientific Class of 1912 marks the last step and strengthens the belief that she early received an inspiration to do something great. Miss Bowman has been a faithful stay at home, but always an ardent lover of the class and also of single individuals. E EUGENE LAYTON CASTO Ripley, W. Va. Cast your glims this way and see whom we have. Hear those notes com- ing out of the East? Eugene Layton Casto is the cause of all the racket. He has a very important air about him and like all great musicians, his hobby, or pleasure We may call it, is fiddling. which he does very well. At one time he had ahnost given up in despair, but now music seems to be second nature with him. We all remember the Scientific social and how generous he and his comrades were with their music. Wish We could have you come again. "Willie" has made himself useful irrseveral ways. He was vice-president and treasurer of the class and has served on many of the important committees. He intends to take further Work here and then continue in Louisville, Ky. Now, this is all authentic, because the editor has created no intentional lies. 61 QSCIENTU. 'LE TWIC .Sm FRANK A. CHRISTMAN Kunkletown, Penn. From Knukletown. Pemi., comes this youthful phenomenon and prodigy. Though only twenty-three summers have passed since he was lulled to sleep by Mrs. VVinsloxv's Soothing Syrup. or some other compound of equal ingre- dients, he is recognized as one of the standbys of the Scientific Class. He seems rather loath to say much about himself. but we all know that he is all Frank. He seems to have done nothing but farming. but that was well done. Frank A. seems to be guilty of the misdemeanors of college life. Of course, nothing must be said, but some of his stunts are to call at the College office at 11:30 P. M, in order that his lady companion may obtain entrance to Altruria, Never mind. there are others. He will have another year to spend in Valpo, and there may be some improvement. Next year's Classical students will not do such deeds. A JOSEPH WALSH CLARK Pittsburgh, Penn. Behold, we here have the most renowned member of the class. "Champ" was not born yesterday, 11or will he be forgotten tomorrow. He will be remem- bered by the very sensational bulletins which were put out by hin1 during the e Z 5 ii r W first few Weeks of this year. As to his past life, he claims to have spent twenty-one years on this wonderful globe. He has done almost everything in the category of reporting. and his political career has been tried in the office of Mayor of Boy City, Wiiioiia Lake. Indiana., 1908-09. VVe often wonder how "Champ" can handle the proofs so smoothly. On investigating we find that his father is an oil man, and the son has absorbed so much of the slippery elements of the liquid that he has it over all of us in that particular line. His future plans are somewhat vague, but possibly he will remain here for an A. B. degree. 62 ' ' NINA CONOVER my family as the eldest daughterf' CLAIR C. CRAIG International Falls, Minn. For seventeen years following Oct. 4, 1876, farm life saw this member of our class. Then follows several years of such varied experiences as 'not often fall to the lot of the Young American of today. Entering the employ of a large lumber company, he became a foreman before he was twenty-one, Dur- ing the next few years he served as a camp-foreinan, contractor, timber- cruiser or estimator, surveyor, and timber buyer, which last position he held until the company exhausted the timber in that part of the state. About this time, investing in the North Minnesota Hospital Association, Mr. Craig became so interested that he decided to study medicine. To get his college degree, he came to Valpo and entered the Scientific Class. His work and school life have been of such sort as to command the respect of classmates and teachers. P. S.-Craig is an ardent admirer and supporter of HT. R." V 63 Valparaiso, Ind. lt might be guessed she came from the farm. All good people have lived there some few years at least. Illinois? loss is Indianals gain in this case and proud may be the state of Indiana. ln 'LThe City of Churches, Schools, and Homes," Miss Nina has been more fortunate than has been right at home. In such a home as makes ., Ind. There she attended the most of us, in that she Valparaiso 's claim natural. Before coming to Valpo, she lived in Benton Co the country schools for eight years and the Gilboa Nina has been a faithful worker and is one of the class of 1912. In class organization she served one term as secretary. ' Nina 's position in life has been "none other than that of maintaining the dignity of High School for two years. worthy young ladies of the 1. CIEN 2 0 ,Sb OMA L. CUNNINGHAM Paducah. Kentucky Vile don 't know of all the good things which can be found in the state of Kentucky. Occasionally something good is heard ot. Well, this is one of the pleasant things. 'tAltruria" Cunningham iirst appeared at Paduch on March 15, 1888. Bowling Green had to do with his early education. During his life there Mellin's Food and Quaker Oats helped to buildup the manly n accustomed to see on the Hill. Possibly the "Quadrangle" at Chicago University will be graced by his dainty toot-steps next year. About man we have bee bell time is the most busy hour for him. Vtlee Willie Winkie QO. L. CJ runs thru the halls, Upstairs and downstairs in his overalls, Rapping at the transom, crying thru the lock, "Are the girlies in their beds, for now it 's ten o'clock." T bAMUEL BREDRIL DELKER Hamilton, Ohio Samuel comes from Millville, Ohio, the town that produced Judge Landis. l l He opened his eyes to this glorious old world C ---- D. hever mind W len. He looked around and thought that it was a fairly good place to be and here he stayed. The first ive years of his life passed just like it does ' t tel him out with his dinner pail and i .5 2 ti 'i l 79 with other boys. Then his parents s ,ar L primer. After getting accustomed to the environment of the school he made up his mind to become a pedagogue and have a school ot his own some day. Did you ever pass Science Hall during Oration time and hear a.n Auditorium sized voice at Work? Well, that was Delk's musical voice. Mr. Kinsey assured him that if 'he would trade with some preacher he might get some boot. Sam- mie Writes a letter every Week and gets one in return. We are very much afraid that he will join that innumerable caravan which travels the way of the heavy laden. O you Benedict! 64 DOROTHY DE WITT 1 Valparaiso, lnd. Here is a quiet UD and retiring CN maid from West Mill Grove, Ohio, who has never been known to fall behind expectations. She can find more to talk about and say more on the subject under discussion than any member of the class. She is never at a loss for something to say. Ever since November 3, 1892, she has always been talking. i'Dode" answers when you call her "Dorry." Miss DeWitt graduated from the Valparaiso High School in 1911 and immediately joined our ranks. One more year will be occupied in taking the Classical course and from thence her plans are not as yet formed. Dorothy has the honor of being the youngest Miss in the class. Her work has been con- scientiously done and she sure deserves the handle that will be added to her IIHHIC. GEORGE COLLINS DISHER Mayslick, Kentucky Mr. Disher was born July 27, 1890, so the boy isnlt so old to be so far advanced. A good many things have been accomplished by this fellow and he is not -ashamed to speak out and tell the people what they are. Disher attended the l'district" school, besides attending the Kentucky W8Sl65'3l1 Col- lege. The fact that the powder reached a pretty low ebb at the time of publi- cation due to celebrating "the Fourth," his advent into the world, and meeting the ever increasing demands of a Scientific, accounts for the noise that sounds so like a " ee ." "EX ect to be a Dr. some day." From Disher we learn P P P one lesson. He says after "Class beauty"-i'Barker, before he lost his hair." '4Homeliest,,-t'Editor of Annualf' "Therefore the value of hairf' 65 X i ' fl ik VVILLIAM R. EVANS Oshkosh, Wiscoiisin Some students are known for their eloquence and some for their remark- able intellect. but few are known for their silence as Williaixl is. Perhaps his meditative mood can be accounted for by the fact that he was reared on a farm. His early training was obtained in the public schools of Wiscoiisiii. Later. however. he decided to broaden his education and rightly chose Valpa- raiso as the place to do this. Not only is he an 6??11'1'1QSt student. but he has always taken an active interest in the Y, M. C. A., being treasurer at the pres- ent time. He. like the majority of his classmates, is inclined to join the ranks of the pedagogues for a few years. lf at any time you hear a. clear and rather high-toned voice, t'Say, that was certainly fine, that was just great," do not be alarmed, it is only Willialil and he won 't hurt anybody. You know Will is a Welsltinziii and, like all XN6lSl'1111911, he possesses some striking peculiarities, but . ag A V E ,,,, . . 1 if fff' Hsay, he is certainly all right" just the same. ai. We t OLLIE MALINA FLEISCHMAN Oldham, S. D. Wliat a delightful breeze! Wltere does it come from? Ah, that 's 'tSrniles." She is always laughing. Even the most serious thoughts are cov- ered with smiles and a nice covering they make. That name is very appropri- ate, but the other 'thandlel' by which her friends .attract her attention must have been given her long before she came to Valpo. 'tToady" has probably answered to this name ever since Sept. 18, 1882. There was no doubt many smiles in the little ranch house where she was born. During her life in the schools of her home town she was ever grinning. You would hardly think from her looks that she was a "Country Sehoolma'am,,' but that is what she tells us. She Wants no other remarks made, so her friends must remain quiet about her antics. 66 Qin. J. J. FERNHOLZ Arcadia, Wis. Somewhere near Arcadia, Wisconsiii, U. S. A., Earth, and sometime about thirty-eight years ago this member of our class was born. His early education was secured in a country school, and later he attended the State Normal at Stevens Point, Wis., for two years. A number of years was spent teaching and his summer vacations saw him Hdown on the farm." Moreover he was a successful live stock farmer and is yet interested in the raising of fine stock. A bit of his farm. philosophy: UA barn that has no hay in it needs no cover- ingf' For many years he held official positions in his town and filled them with honor to himself. He came to Valpo in September, 1909, and entered tl1e Law College. From here he graduated in 1911,-and decided to continue in the University and qualify for a B. S. degree. Fernholz will remain in school an- other year, after which he will return to his farm. ' ROGER V. FLORX Chicago, Ill. No mistake was made by the class when it selected, as its business man- ager for this Annual, Roger V. Flory. Since "Roge' squalled out his first lusty protest in the i'VVindy City" back in May, 1890, he has had a varied experience. ln fact, he has been everything almost, from the Hdeviln in- a printing oiifice, up to the president ot a Bible Class and Business lllanagcr of this number of the Valparaiso University Record. Roger is very versatile, How else could one explain the fact that a Bible Class President could have been a "devil?" "Roge" loves variety in nearly everything, but especially in girls. He is said to have had, at one time, three of the Mfair young things" in Valparaiso and one in Chicago, each of whom thought that she was the "only one." Mr. Flory is a printer by profession and is an enthusiastic mem- ber of the Chicago Typographical Union and of the Young Men's Christian Association. He expects to finish his education by taking the Law Course at the Northwestern University. 67 A E C fi ll 1 .A I WNT1? T.. CHARLES EARL GOLD McEwensville, Penn. Gold is well descended, being a homogeneous mixture of Dutch and Quaker blood, holding in solution a copious amount of pure democratic Americanism. Prior to his enrollment at Valpo, he graduated from the McEwensville High School and Academy and also from the Lycoming County Normal. so that that large cavity found in the cranium of this student was pretty well filled before he appeared here. His stay in the Vale of Paradise has been pleasant and profitable and his friends are found in every class. Gold takes much interest in his work, goes to breakfast at 6:00 a. in, and is regular in attendance. He is peaceable, quiet, and a sharp observer and is well versed in all the under currents. mysteries, and Conspiracies on.Col1ege Hill. As Gold is a Scientific he is naturally loyal to the class. He is always on the firing line and during the consideration of any important matter his heart is invariably found to be in its correct place. CHARLES H. GRIMM Chicago. Ill. Everybody in school knows Grimm. ln no less than a. half dozen ways he has been brought before his fellow students and has impressed on all minds the idea of his worth. Mr. Grimm as a lieutenant under Prof. Kinsey, as a 'ri e f ei ' i :.i i 5 g I iff: 57 German acto1', as President of the Class, and as a. student, has earned for l1im- sell' the high honor that is credited to him. From all appearances Charles Henry is one whom we would guess has always enjoyed good health and an active life. But what has been his history, dating from the time he left the Chicago Grammar schools up to the time of his advent into Valpo, is a mys- tery to most of us. We students of Science know too much to suppose he has been doing nothing all these years. As time goes on and Grimm adds renown to his present greatness, eager minds will reveal in later writings a more com- plete record of him. Grimm intends studying medicine. 68 JAMES F. HARVEY Rutan, Penn. Heaven 's smile was first returned by "Jim" at Routan, in 1890. As a child of fortune he grew the best he could until the tide of manhood forced him from his bed of heterogeneous companions and transported him to the wonderful. city of Valparaiso. He has had little to say of what has been done since he came here, but our eyes are open. His light blue eyes and curly hair have been of great help to him. Some girls are just 'icrazyu about such a combina- tion. Evidently he has good success for we often see him leaning down to catch the gentle words of some lady companion. He is never at a loss to obtain such acceptable company. Harvey has said nothing about his future plans. He has the best wishes of all the members of the class. ALVYN R HIC KMAX McKeesport, Penn. l The most unforgettable incident of the interesting life of the Scientific Class of 1912 was the warmly fought contest for the graduation presidency. The winner of this exciting battle was Alvyn R. Hickman, a native of the Key- stone State, who entered upon this earthly life so long ago that he does not remember the date, in the city of Pittsburgh. However, from his complexion and the color of his hair, one would never guess that he hailed from the neigh- borhood of the Smoky City. After Hnishing the regular city public and High School courses and a course at the Imperial Academy, he taught two years in the county schools of Beaver County and then served as principal of schools at Wilmerding and Kincaid. Chickens and horses a1'e Alvyn's hobbies. Mr. Hickman's ability and his work are of the highest rank. He does and will "make goodff He commands the respect of all and bears the enmity of none. After two years in A. B. work, he will spend three years in a. Theological Sem- inary, preparing foruministerial Work in the Presbyterian Church. 69 ef 1 Here lie received l1is early education and TWIC x J ,Xl X f ta J ' t ts 5 :lf-lj 5 JENKIN RYLANDER HOCKERT This picture represents "Jenks, does not account for the space that the class organization any of the soinetinie during Sept. 10, 1894, he becanie a inenibcr of the Hackert family, but now he is at hoine in Hartford, Conn. ROY VV. HOCKENBERY Everett, Penn. Mr. Roy VV. Hockenbery. a most eminent and energetic young nian, says that he began to notice things in this world on NVednesday, February 11. 1885. He, like so many of Valparaiso good students, was a Pennsylvania farmer for nearly the first twenty years of his life. He then discovered that he might niake himself niore useful to humanity, so he entered Millersville State Normal School in 1905. After being principal of Riverside schools. Earlton, Pa.. and holding a few other local positions of responsibility, he canie to Valparaiso. At this institution, the Scientific Class of 1912 was niore than glad to have hint as one of its nienibers. He was certainly an honor to the class and a friend of everyone with whom he canic in contact. He also was a ineinber of the "Keystonei' and Scientiiic Quartettes, and won great distinction on the Hill as a singer. After leaving school. he expects to take a post-graduate course soinewhere. and then return to Pennsylvania. No doubt he will soon fbe niar- ried. because he has never given any attention to the girls on the Hill. Chicago, Ill. ' the youngest lnelnber of our class. Age he occupies. He is just as necessary to other nienibers. Somewhere in Chicago, 1 graduated from the public schools in 1909. He intends to continue with the study of languages here next year. Sonic tinie he will probably spend a year in Europe and then study law. Froin that tiine on he will be in a position to give legal advice to anyone, from a broken-hearted maiden to a large corpora- tion president, We have never seen 'llenksl' with a maiden, but can imagine he would be right up-to-date in such company, as his sniile is rich and mellow, Probably next year he will become less shy and mingle with the ladies niore. 70 VVALTER S. HOUGH Ruffsdale, Penn. The Scientitics are fortunate in having the name of Hough included in its list.. As a ineinber of our class organization he has ever been one of its active workers. High honor is due, and who is there that works as Walter' does and maintains as even a disposition at all times. Even the weather does not drive away his characteristic smile. W3.ltQl' was born June 3, 1893, on a farm near Ruffsdale. After completing the work of the grades he spent two years in the East Huntington Township High School. Since that tiine he has attended Valparaiso University for three years. No explanation has been made why, but it has been said that he always enjoys the Y. M. C. A. socials. Next year Hough will be found at John Hopkin's pursuing the Post-graduate course in Botany and Zoology. - - . HARR1 HOY ERT Piketown, Penna. Near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, on May 6, 1888, J. Harry Hoyert was ushered into this little world of ours. The hills and vales of the Susquehanna afforded an environment well adapted to the needs of a typical young Amer- ican. The advantages of such surroundings were enjoyed by Harry as he roamed over the hills and along the banks of the peaceful river in Search of that knowledge not learned at school. After completing the common school course, Mr. Hoyert entered the Cumberland Valley State Normal School, from which he graduated in 1908. Thus qualified, he engaged in the business of training up American citizens from the raw material furnished him by the Pennsylvania farmers. But the Fates had not destined that our fortunate friend should remain in the teaching profession. Accordingly, in September, 1910, he entered the Scientific and Engineering courses at Valparaiso. Zeal and industry have characterized his work in these courses. Hoyert expects to take up Electrical Engineering at Syracuse, New York. T1 ez.. -cg 1 iw ' I 1 .I it e ir mls T 'ja LEONARD GUS JEGLUM Waukoii, Iowa "Gus" is the son of a harness dealer, and we would guess the tanning process is well know11 by "Jeg," This might account for his meekness. After completing the Decorah Public Schools he served as a printer or a 'tdevilf' The years of "Jeg's" life that sparkle the ,most are those spent with the class of 1912. If patriotism is a good thing, if spirit gladdens, we can never recall schools days without thinking- of Jeglum. In class organ- ization, on the ball grounds, and at our social doings, he has ever lent his sup- port and has always been credited with wide popularity. Jeglum has held the highest positions in the class, serving well, both as president and later as baseball manager. "Jeg" is planning on taking a course in Medicine at some medical school. One thing "Jeg,l' do consider, do be merciful, do be true to the sweetheart left at home. ' HARRY V. JOHNSEN Davenport, Ia. Mr. Johnsen hails from the Hawkeye State. He was born April 1, 1887. in Davenport, a city situated on the t'Great Father of Waters." His boyhood days were spent in the city of his birth, where he attended the grainmar schools and High School. Later he took one year's work at Augustana Col- lege, Rock Island, Ill. From that time on for three years he has been a 5 if W student of Valparaiso University, a member of the Scientific Class of '12. Being somewhat technically inclined and seeing the demand for teachers in that line, he also took up Manual Training. Although a member of that class, which demanded a considerable amount of his time, he was always a loyal supporter of our Scientiiic Class. He was for one term presi- dent of the Arts and Crafts Club, an organization made up of the Manual Training studentsi Mr. Johnsen will be found i11 Morris, Minnesota, next year, where he goes as teacher of Manual Training in the High School. His future plans include a course in his chosen profession at Bradley Polytechnic Institute. 72 IDA KAUPPI Aberdeen, Vlfash. Pluinp, fair and-well, we won't tell her age. This applies to lda Kauppi. One of Finlandls best productions and now one of Al11G1'lC2l.7S best inhabitants. What is loss to one is gain for the other. Miss Kauppi attended school in Finland and completed course of study equivalent to the first ten grades in this country. She left Finland for Seattle, Wil,SlllHg'tO11, in 1904. She lived there for four years and then came to Valparaiso. She learned the English language here a11d took up Connnercial and Scientific. From the former sl1e graduated in 1911. She intends to go West and teach for a year or two, then return to her home in Finland. lt! To any who are observ- ing the Hit" needs no magnifier to be easily seen. DRAYCIS MILHAEL KlLIxO1 NE Sheboygan, Wis. Hlrishl' was born at Sheboygan, VVis., Dec. 18, 1890. Early in life he read Thoreau ls and Borroughs' works and also a volume of "Great Orationsf' with great profit. For eloquence and a use of beautiful, concise English he is unexcelled by any student in the University. He won the highest honors in debating in 1910 and represented the school at the State Oratorical Contest at Crawfordsville, Ind. His record in school reads as follows: Connnon School graduateg Coininercial '0Sg Stenography 'O9g Educational f12g Scien- tific '12. Besides this he has had nearly a year 's work in oratory and a part of the Classic Course. He is President of the Prohibition League, Orators' Society, and Catholic Society. He is an. ardent Knight of Columbus. Those who know hini best are prepared to say that he has an extraordinarily good head. He walks fast, is witty, has red hair, and will always be reinenibered when once seen. 73 ff ll , W! in is M T1 TIC J Ei. if. tif ee JOSEPH RHIENHOLD KLUEH Jasper, Indiana Joseph is a lively, wide-awake member of the class. Always in mischief, always having three or four sweethearts, yet always doing his work well. His ambition is to become a lawyer and to settle down at Louisville, Ky., where "Sien Fraulein istf, The einbowered lawns, the trellised doorways, and the flower filled gardens will be his t'Faterland." As is usual with Germans, he has his favorite beverage and occasionally takes a trip down town or out of town. VVhen a boy he played with toys near Natures door and had inculcated in his mind a lore of science which is paradoxical of Germans. HLive and let live" is Joseph 's philosophy and to this doctrine he holds infallibly true. He laughs heartily and loud, and has a large capacity for humor. In politics he is a Democrat, in habits a Plutocrat, in fraternity he is a noisy member of the Catholic Order of Foresters. That he will do well in life is not to be doubted. ESTHER KROST Carlyle, Ill. ' It was on Friday, September 30, 1887, near Carlyle, down in southern Illinois, that the Krost home was gladdened by the arrival of a. little girl whose name, we later learned, was Esther. Esther, after receiving her preliininary educational training in the public schools of her native state. came to Valpa- raiso upon a suggestion given to her by her brother Ernest, who was then a. member of the Scientific Class, and decided to take up the work along with him. She has always been studious, courteous and womanly, which qualifica- tions have made her 'many friends. Her friends, however, can be numbered, for Esther did not care for a. multitude of acquaintances, believing that, as Samuel Johnson says, UTrue happiness consists not in the multitude of friends, but in their worth and choice." She will graduate from both Scientiiie and Educational Courses, with this year 's class and will probably take the A. TS. Work here next year. Later she intends taking post graduate work in the Indiana University. 74 ft 1,1 t . H at - M MILDRED KRUMIN Boston, Mass. On March 4, 1889, in a little city in the province of Courland a little ruler entered the home of a Russian druggist. This was Mildred. Her early life was spent as all good children spend it until she was old enough to enter school. She went to a private school in which she studied her lessons in Rus- sian, besides learning the German. In 1905 she came to this country with her mother. She says she is the biggest grind in the class. Probably so, but only at her books. During the year she has done considerable hunting and at last seems to have bagged a very good specimen of the roving biped. Of course! How careless! This is Leap Year. She intends to teach next year and she says 'tif nothing happens" she will return to Valpo for the study of Music and German. ZELLA LANDIS Valparaiso, lnd. Miss Landis is purely a "home product," having been born within a block of the University. She made her advent into the '4Vale of Paradise" Sept. 12, 1890. From the time she was placed under the guidance of a kindergarten teacher to the 'present she has been in school. After completing the Grammar school she entered Valparaiso High School. She graduated in the class of '09, She is the youngest of eight children, all of whom have attended the University. Following their example she also entered the school and now graduates in the class of '12. Miss Landis has always been an active Y. W. C. A. worker, having been treasurer, vice-president, and for three years a dele- gate to the Geneva Conference. She does not reveal her future plans, but she assures us that she will not become a "school-marm." We are half inclined to believe her. 75 ,M TVFIC 'XL A ANNIE HAINSVVORTH MARCH Lawrence, Mass. Miss March was born "way down east." Oct. 3. 1SS9. Like each member of the class she has been busy most of the time Si11C8 her advent on earth. Yalpo has produced many girls great in ditferent lines of work. but few better students tha11 Annie. In all of her studies, whether hard or not, she seldom comes to class unprepared. Miss March graduated from the A. B. Bruce Grannnar School in 1905 and the Lawrence High School in 1909. Graduating with the Scientitics of 1912 makes complete a. record that anyone so young might feel proud to possess. She has not only completed all work required in the course. but has taken a few lessons in the Teacher's Course. She has also completed some workin Sagerology. From all evidence it might be guessed she likes the study very much. Only time makes possible the estab- lishing of a grade in that science. so wait patiently. fellow students. l 1 GEORGE RALPH MGGEHEE Shawneetown, Ill. One of the wittiest and brainiest of 4'Our Class" made his initial appear- a.nce'Valentine's Day, 1891, in Gallatin Co., Ill., to bring sunshine to the house- hold of the McGhees. Wliile quite young he developed an exceedingly great interst in historical and literary studies, which has been retained thru all his college life. After a year's work in So. 1ll. Normal University, G. R. came to Valpo in Sept. 1909, enrolling with the Scientitics. Quite evidently he came here to Workg Sager's Lake and Lover's Lane know him not, nor does the Evening Star behold him strolling out the dusty Cemetery road. Yet far from being a dry and musty bookworm, he is as jolly as can be. Mac will shortly take up the study of law in Northwesterng after completing his course he expects to be appointed to the Supreme Bench. No stronger proof of the high regard in which G. R. is held could be found than the fact that tl1e custody of the enormous funds of the Class is entrusted to his care as treasurer. 76 JOHN A. MORTHLAND Valparaiso, lnd John A. Morthland was born at Corsica. Ohio, May 3, 1884, He stands amongst the earnest and persistent Hgures in University history. The achieve ments of his life have been varied and of good quality. After a varied experi ence in the West, John collected his sums, packed his roll, and set out for Indiana. He landed at that historical city, Valparaiso, noted for its schools churches, and beautiful lakes. The object has ever been to establish a home in 'iValpo,' and obtain a University training. Over four years elapsed before Morthland entered the University Course. During this time he was in the employ of the Penn. R. R. Co. in Chicago. HJack" remembers times in gaining a B. S. degree that remind him of the negro who tied one end of his fishing line around his body and cast the other end into the water. Later friends rescued him. The negro was frightened and as soon as he caught his breath, said t'Wal, sir, I wonder if I was fishing. or that thar' fish war a 11iggarin?" VVARREN MELVILLE NUTTER Conrad, VV. Va, The victory won by the said Nutter this year, 1912 A. D., will ever be one of popular renown to him. The fact that the battle was on Valparaiso Uni- versity grounds must ever be gratifying to Nutter's vanity. Mr. Nutter's youth was spent on the farm and must have been one eventful life as that is the customary experience of those reared under such circumstances. The free country school, Summerville Normal, four years of teaching, and the time spent in Valpo, mark the progressive steps of his life. His disposition to seek active duty has been and is demonstrated by his past life and by the future he has planned for himself. The next step is the completion of the A. B. course here. 77 CIENTI T e if l 11716 Seth f ROLAND OBENCHAIN Mishawaka, Ind. Probably the greatest event in the comparatively tame and quiet adminis- tration of Benj. Harrison was the appearance of a lusty-lunged youngster in the Obenchain residence, Cass County. lnd., one frosty morning in October, 1890. Of the early life of Roland, for so his fond parents called him, we know little except that he became quite proficient in all boyish accomplishments. Wllile he was young, his parents moved to Mishawaka. In his fifteenth year he was discovered by the great Studebaker Co. of South Bend, and was put to work in the Accounting Department, where he served faithfully for Eve years. In Sept, 1910, Roland came to Valparaiso and entered the Scientific Class, where he soon achieved a reputation as a hard worker and a brilliant student. Although busy, he has always found time for Class affairs. He was Class Treasurer for the fall term of this year. Roland will add an A. B. and an LL. B. to his B. S. during the next two years. after which he will enter the I Senior Law Class at Yale. OTHELLO OTTMAN Hamilton, Ohio 'tPete" just dropped in among us from Ohio. His favorite pastime is the study of birds and shellfish, fried chicken Hllll oysters being his special delight. We cannot mistake when We prophesy that his days will be full of successes 1 ".' iei c 451 W when he again goes to teaching, for he has devoured the essential amount of brain food in the form of Shredded Wheat Biscuits and Force during his col- lege career to make an intellectual Samson. He claims that he is a 'tBad Man" and has been such since the stork dropped hi1n on March 7, 1888. "Bad" with a knife, a fork, and a spoon. "Si" never seems to care what happens as long as he has a mouthful of 'tchewing gum." Wlietliei' it is the 4'Spearmint Kid with the W1'igley movementw or not we are hardly in the position to say. You may call him anything when you want him, but be sure and don 't forget to call him for his meals. 78 F L. VV. PARKER Florence, lndiana Mr. Parker first cast his wondering glances on the beauties of Nature in the city of Florence, Indiana. His early boyhood was no ' worse than that of the most mischievous boy of the neighborhood. Nevertheless he succeeded in developing his receptive mind to a very remarkable degree. The Scientific Course has been in the line of his upward path and he has nobly attained that coveted goal. He is interested in Physics, and frequently with the aid of a party interested in Astronomy, successfully performs the experiment where the velocity of waves a.re determined by the gentle motion of a boat. No doubt his mind is far from the experiment in Physics and the stars blink on without any interest in them being manifested. DOROTHEA MAUD PICKERL Bremen, lnd. The greater part of Miss Pickerl's life has been devoted to school work. In imitation of all other accomplished personages of the day, she attended the grade schools for the required time, served a sentence of four years in the Argos. High School, and for good measure attended Normal one year at Terre Haute. It was with this training that Miss Dorothea left her home town of Bremen, Indiana, to join and accompany us in our ups and downs through the Scientific Course. Not all has been rosy, but yet We know Miss Pickerl's popularity has been such that incidents plenty will furnish food for happy recollections of Valpo days. We trust that in the future she does not limit her memory to the few, but will generously include us all, a.nd see good in the general grind of things. She is planning some of attending Bloomington in later years, and then, HI intend to spend the rest of my life teaching school." We would rather think she does not mean it. i 1 T9 A :i q l 'tr ,Q :ENT ,J LEO JOHN RAEF , Newton, Ill. "Shorty," ever faithful member of our class, was born and reared on the farm. March 19, 1888, marks Leo 's entrance into this universe, and from all evidence he likes the place fairly well. After attending and graduating from the grades of the rural school. Raef. a nice little cabbage plant, was trans- planted into Valparaiso University. Here he has developed into a fairly solid head. Mr. Raef has been a loyal fan, a good student, and a friend to everybody. NVithout him it is hard to see how Jeglum could have ever kept house. Raef was treasurer of the class one term and is now the class historian. 1'Shorty's" father is still on the farm, but Leo does not seem to incline to the farm. Before coming to Valpo he taught four terms in the country school. On leaving here he intends to teach in High School for a while and later take a course in medicine and some day hang out his shingle as an HM. D." FRANKLIN W. RICE Brooklyn, N. Y. Rice hails from the little town that overlooks the busy New York. Even though the place is little, Rice is big and we would have a hard time to get i "" if Wt along without him. The class would not be the only one who would miss him. He wants us to believe he is not engaged, but to a few, it looks as if he is married. Quite often he is gently but reluctantly led from his male com- panions to listen to the words of his- well, you all know. You have seen him several times. A severe sickness kept Frank from remaining with us the entire year, but next year will see him back in Valpo. Then he will complete Scien- tific and take Medical work. After completing here he intends to enter Col- umbia and take specialbranches. S0 CLARENCE ANDREW RIMELSPACH Fremont, Ohio Curly headed 'iPetel' from Fremont seems to have existed but twice on this earth. Once at Fremont where he was born Nov. 20, 1892, and then there is no record obtainable as to his having inhabited the earth again until he entered 'lThe Vale of Paradisef' Date? lt must have been while dreaming the last dream of his Rip Van Winkle period that he wandered into the pres ence of MPa" Kinsey and got an inspiration to join tl1e gang. 'l'here is only one other way of explaining his past. He either has no past or it was thought too fantastical a dream to spring on the live ones of 1912. It makes no dit ference, we know Rimelspach has been somewhere. He came without wings he goes without wings. He has won the admiration of someand the friend ship of all. He resemb1es much the material that all the rest ot the class is made of. Good stuff, you bet. FREDERICK RAYMOND SEIBERT St. Marys, Ohio l'Si" made l1is appearance on the first day of December. 1890. All this happened somewhere in Auglaize County, Ohio, and on a farm. That accounts for his lusty voice. Probably the farm house resounded with music many times and no doubt does even yet when Fred gets home. He says his present home is in St. Marys Ohio. He does not mention about ever going to school, but one of two things is evident, either he was bO1'11 educated or else he went to school. It must have been the latter, for he was principal of St. Marys grade school for some time. He thinks that the state of Ohio is good enough for him and after he completes a course in the Ohio State University he will settle down and become a peaceful and usetul citizen. He will probably return to teaching and some time in the future take unto himself a wife. ' 81 CSCIENTW 4 ll E NICOLA B. SALER-Nl New York. X. Y. About twenty-eight years ago, in the town of Salle, Province of Chieti, ltaly. Nicola B. was born. He attended school in his native country until the desire to cross the water became too great. so at the age of thirteen he came to America. Very early in his life it was noticed that he was endowed with the spirit of commercial monopoly, and bid fair as a man of shrewd business tact and ability. He was the senior member of the firm of N. Salerni and Com- pany. organized for the manufacture of strings for musical instruments. About three years ago he decided to come to Valpo and here he stayed. He is a graduate in both the Pharmacy and Scientihc Classes of '12. Salerni will choose the medical profession for a life calling, Moral: VVhen you are sick, just hunt up Dr. Salerni. He will put you on your pins. and leave you a nickel ' 2' f . 1.-U, if to get home on. 1 1 7' Y MICHAEL SIENA Paterson. N. J. . I ln the city of Tricarico. in the Province of Portenza., near the birthplace ' of Horace, Michael was born on April 23, 1882. His ancestry is an illustrious and refined family. The name has been derived from the city of Siena, one of Italy's greatest centers of refinement and culture. His native city was found- ed by Trico and Argo, two great Roman generals. Michael is a 'somewhat accomplished linginist, musician, and artist. Just recently he had an illus- trated lecture entitled: HDante's 'Divine Comedyf " copyrighted. Siena. is democratic and big hearted. He loves his adopted land and the Romance languages which he teaches in Room 6. He is a graduate of Italian schools and as soon as he completes his work here he intends to practice law with Hud- son, one of the famous law firms at Patterson, New Jersey. He is a big man in the Class, and we are unable to do without him. 82 ALVIN J. SMITH Wiiiaiilac, Ind. Some hydrogen. oxygen, carbon, nitrogen, calcium and a few other ele- ments have been put together in various chemical ways and have produced Alvin J. He has not always been the same for on Sept, 10, 1887, he made the heavens around Ashkum, Ill., ring with his inarticulate, though not inaudible sounds. f'Deacon" can always find some solution for the knotty problems 'which arise in class-room discussions. ':Uncle Sam" appreciated his Worth and during the last census enrollment employed him as an enumerator, You can imagine how many questions he was compelled to answer and ask While doing this work. The Scientific Class can not have full claim on him. He belongs somewhat to the Educational Class, but his heart is with the Scientifics. "I make a motion to adjourn," was his favorite motion during the work in Parliamentary Law. OSCAR D. SMITH Jackson, Miss. On March 18, 1886, this worthy member of our class was ushered' into this troublesome world. His early life was spent in the home of a minister and his plans were to follow his father's example, but an inherent desire was to qual- ify for the legal profession. Witli no little pleasure did he leave his home in Jackson, Miss., to begin the study of law in Valparaiso. He graduated from that department with the class of 1911. He now hopes to become an orator, and his class, through recognition of his attainments, elected him class orator. "Dack" will soon return to the Southland and enter upon the practice of law. He says he has enjoyed his sojourn in the North, and only hopes that he occupies the place in the hearts of the friends he has made here, that they do in his, We are all sure that all his Northern friends wish him the best of success. 83 c FENTWIC 7.. l 5 4 5 e DOROTI-IEA STEPHAN Valparaiso, Ind. ln the splendid lot of students of the 1912 Class. each one seems to have gained some special distinction. equally so. but differing from any other. One is "bright" another 'fhandsomef' f'homely." and so on through the list. "meek," 'tnervyf' "neat." "grouchy." until one name is reached in the list that bears attributes that most. people would feel proud to possess. Miss Stephan. sometime or another. was born away out in Kansas where the sun- flowers grow. The time we have but to guess atg to break the ice. not over forty or less than two years ago. Some one guess who knows more of Jayhawk- ers than of l-Enclceye. Miss Stephan has been a hard-working. faithful student, and one whose ability to learn has not been excelled by anyone in the Class of 1912. Miss Dorothea served her class one term as editor. How easily satis- fied. Vtlilling to locate wherever she can get a position, she expects to teach until she is seventy-five and then quit. How sad. Now, good fellows, would ' you listen to that. SPENCER G. STOLTZ Gettysburg, Ohio Ha! Ha! here We have Spencer G. Just arrived from Gettysburg, Ohio. Guaranteed not to kick, bite or scratch. Just. as good as new. Kind and gentle. A favorite with the ladies, only we don't know about it. August seventh is the red letter day and even next VVednesday it will be welcomed almost as heartily as it was in 1885. Spencer received his early education in Gettysburg High School and afterwards graduated from the VVayne Technical School of Greenville, Ohio, in 1907. He expects to take more work in school, but is at present unable to decide where. Probably Valpo will see more of him in the future. He intends to teach this next winter. Be just a little care- ful whenyou talk to him for he may turn some joke on you. Some respect is due him. He has the record of cutting Literature class once or twice. He 'Was compelled to promise that it would never happen again, but failed to keep the promise. We wish much joy, etc. 'S4 ALBERT STRIKOL Amsterdam, N. Y. Albert Strikol was born March 1, 1891, in Lithuania. His father brought him to America when he was four years old. After a stay of tive Years he '.4A returned to his fatherland and was in school there for three years Hlltl again came to the United States, where he went to the Amsterdam public schools. ,-.: He has acted as courtiliterpreter for the Lithuanians in Amsterdam, N. Y. In this court he was encouraged to go to college to prepare for the legal pro- " f fession. Has been a student of Valparaiso for four years, and besides com- pleting the Scientific Course, he has also taken up a great amount of work in his native tongue, at this institution. He has been president of two Lith- uanian Societies and the International Society of V. U, His ability as an WE orator is known to all who have been here any length of time. Mr. Strikol - ' expects to teach and then take up the study of law, which he intends to make 2. In his life profession. '- I 'Q GLEN A. THREEWITT Farina, Ill. V On Sept. '23, 1891, the plains of lllinois began echoing and re-echoing with F. the voice of our Scotch friend, Glen A. Threewitt. Glen was more fortunate I than many, for at birth he was endowed with UThree-wits," the greatest legacy that could be handed down from father to son. Thus equipped, Glen courageously set out to find what life had in store for him. His early years were spent in attending the district school and assisting his father on the farm. The stern schoolmaster, armed with the fear-inspiring birch rod and a little "larnin' in Re-adin', Ritin' and Rithmetic" was a potent factor in the molding of young Glen's character. Having creditably and thoroughly mas- tered the High School at Farina, Ill., our friend entered upon the work of the Scientific Course in Valpo. He expects to study medicine. . 85 fmc if I i t ' i iiliji I 537: W J. CLYDE TWINEM Summerfield, Ohio November 17, 1882, J. Clyde Twinem first made his appearance in Antioch, Monroe County, Ohio. Here he lived till his eighth year when he moved with his parents to Summerfield in the same state. After completing the common school course Mr. Twinem joined the long and illustrious list of pedagogues. He taught a country village school. was for three years principal of the village school at Calais. Ohio. and 0116 year superintendent ot Stafford. Ohio. High School. For four summers and the past twelve months Brother Twinem has tarried with us at Valparaiso University, always using his time in a profitable manner. and winning the admiration and respect of his professors and class- mates. He was honored by the Class many times, the most important offices being Class Treasurer and Vice-President. From inside information we learn that Twinem desires to be a successful High School teacher and Superintend- ent and get married to the 'tbest girl on earth." Judging from his career at Valpo and Sager 's we think it highly probable he will obtain his desires. ARTHUR W. UTTERBACK Claremont. Ill. Arthur Williziin Utterback spent his boyhood days in the little village of Landes, Illinois, where he was born March 15. 1880, He attended the public schools of this place until hc finished the work that was there given. At the age of nineteen he began teaching in the common schools ot l1is home county and continued in this work for three years. At the end of this time, after thinking over the different occupations that then appealed to him, he decided to become a telegraph operator. In the spring of 1902 preparation for this work was begun, and in the fall of the same year he was employed by the B. Sa O. S. W. Ry. He continued in this occupation until September of 1910, when he resigned his position at Fritchton, Indiana, and entered the Val- paraiso University, where he remained continually up to present date. 86 VERA VAN AUKEN Auburn, lndiana Clear the track. Time, tide, and "Valli: wait for no man. We like to see her floating along the walks as if she had wings on her heels. We freely admit that she is as unique, as original, and as incomprehensible now as the day she appeared in our midst. She says she received her education at Garrett High School, and then taught in the Fifth grade for three years. At last she made her getaway and came to Valpo. There is one fault with l'Van." .Prob- ably she lias always had it, since September 9, 1889. She likes nothing better than a dish of ice cream and some cake, unless it should be a second helping, She proved this the night of the Scientific social. She was secretary of Junior Scientific Class in 1911. Her future plans are not laid out as yet, so we must not be surprised at what she may do when she leaves here. LUDWIG A. VVAIVER ' Boston, Mass. One more remains to be added to our class roll. This member comes from far away Russia. Feb, 4, 1882, was the happiest day of that year in the farm- house of the Waivei' family. Here he grew up and, like all Russian children, learned to read and write before he entered the public schools. After complet- ing the common schools he entered a Teacher 's Seminary. The work in such a school is equivalent to our American High School, only 110116 of the Lan- guages are taught. Wlien he was graduated from here he began to teach. ln three years time he was able to procure enough capital to pay his passage to America. ln the spring of 1906 Ludwig arrived at Boston and immediately Went to work in a. factory where many more of his countrymen could be found. During his three years' residence here he has learned the English Language. In 1909 he arrived at Valparaiso and has been preparing himself either to teach or to continue his education in the Indiana State University. 87 CIE 1- A . I Q, I 1? yn! MARY ALBIEDA VVEISB South Point, Ohio "Sound the loud timbrel" through the halls of Valpo's 'tsanctum Marys from every corner of the globe, but here comes one from Ohio. She is Just a little different from the rest. An energetic, ambitious damsel. is t'Hannah" with wonderful theories all her own. There are innumerable jokes and hits we could write LL ' !! ' 4 - f .r t but she informs us that she wants none of them aned, so xi ith mos o , . . ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ,l . She kindly sincere re0'ards tor her teelings we ietrain trom mentioning tiem D tells us that she was at one time a 'tschool-miss" and, after completing a . she will resume her career as a teacher sanctorumf' for here is Mary Vifebb. You have heard of course in the Ohio State University in her home state. During her membership in the Class of '12 she has been an ardent and energetic worker. EMERY RUSSELL VVHITT McGlone, Kentucky This dignified young man from Kentuc xy n a 13, 1892. He, like many of the men who l 1 ide his appearance among the members of the Wl'1it13 family October have made that grand old state famous. received his first lessons of industry and perseverance on the farm. In the mountains of Carter County he was it if P I 70 surrounded by all the environments which are conducive to the development of a strong character. These, together with chivalry and love for women, mark the outline of this most extraordinary personage. Mr. Wliitt's work in the University for the last three years has proven that he has ability most var- ied and extraordinary. He will study law and no doubt, after having achieved ' ' ' ' 1 -, . , 1 ' merited fame in the legal profession, will be sent to Congi css as the peop e s champion. About twice every three times Russell can be seen on a quiet little walk. He is not alone, either. S8 MERTON VVILLER Sandusky, Mich. "Shorty'i was born at Sandusky. in one of the "Thumb" counties of Michigan, where t'Boston's Unhaked Beans" grow so luxuriantly. For six- teen years l1e grew with them. Then the waves that beat so musically on Hl11'Ol1lS shores called him to cast his lot with them, and 'the became the sunny tar that whistled to the morning star."' For three years he followed the lakes and attended school during the winter, during which time he received two promotions in the lake service. On Decem- ber ninth. tenth, and eleventh his steamer, HW. C. Richardson," with two others was wrecked in one of the fiercest storms ever known on the lakes. Out of seventy-two men only twenty-three were saved. HShorty" wasnlt tall enough to Wade ashore, so the elements beat him about for a time, gave him a black eye and finally gave his half-frozen body back to earth. January seventeenth, 1910, saw him, rather weather-beaten, standing in front of the college desk. Here he has remained ever since. Also Commercial graduate. JOHN L. WILEY Florence, Indiana John L., better known as 'fJack" was born Nov. 10, 1886, at Florence, Indiana. Reared on a farm, Wiley, since his boyhood days, has been a devout lover of nature. His education was obtained in the common and Normal schools of Indiana. He spent one year as a pedagogue in Kentucky and since then has been pursuing his course in Valpo. Wiley is one of the big men of the class. Jovial, yet deep in reasoning, industrious and never misses a reci' tation. Having a large capacity for work he does everything in an artistic manner, Humble as he is great, strong as he is cultured. These are the marks which best portray Wiley. To know him is to admire his manly vir- tues. To be intimate with him is to see his noble virtues. He intends ' to reenter the teaching profession. S9 3 ilu Q4 Q C -E l r DAVlD JACOB WOLFE Plainfield, N. J. l lf' t, sh-we'll let you 111 011 tl1e secret. infield. N. J. He intends to take l ' l tl l11ne of iiWOlf1G,S,i lungs. ' " Yes people! Tl1is is D. J. This is the fellow that keeps us all guessing 'I' as to how he gets along in his c asses. -nu ' lt's all a bluff. There is nothing that pleases him more tha11 to be fondled by tl1e girls. Those who know him often wonder how he can keep from getting his dates mixed, but he seems to he the 'LArtful Dodger." He seems to have learned these traits during his sojourn in Pla law i11 some eastern college and then l1is career will need to be watched very l closely. He claims that he l1as received a letter signed t'Mother." which calls him home after his graduation. At tl1e first baseball game of the season the Scientific Class became well acquaintec XV1t1 ,ie vo 1 ' He may need them again in tl1e future. , , 741 . ' - l . EVERETT E. ZIMMERMAN Farmland, Ind. Ever a seeker of knowledge he availed himself of every opportunity to develop tl1e power of intellect. From tl1e time he attended tl1e cominon school, Marion Normal and since entering Valparaiso, he has been steadily and rap- 7 idly achieving the ideal i11 his mind. Studious. conscientious, persevering and enthusiastic Zinnnerinaii does all l1is Work with painstaking thoroughness. 7 His tive years of teaching experience have given him a keen insight into human nature and his conservative diplomacy is tl1e exponent of unusual meditation and wisdoni. He is reserved and unassuming and his pleasing personality and fairness has earned hiin a place i11 the hearts of his fellow classinates. He has a big reputation, well merited, and all the other good qualities necessary to go with it. , 90 PRESIDENTS ADDRESS A. R. Hickman 1.9 OR MONTHS we have been toiling, laying founda- tions for the life that is before us, and it has been 1 ca, no easy task. How hard we have worked over gJK,,g,5fi mathematical formulae that meant very little to us, and that we shall soon forget! How we have puz- zled over rules and laws of Science,-laws that the next gener- ation will put aside as incomplete, incorrect, useless! How we have read and studied, how we have written and rewritten essays and orations, that we might acquire that greatly-to-be- desired equipment, a vocabulary of "beautiful and concise Englishlll What trials and discouragements have beset us, each one knows best. Suftice it to say that because of these very difficulties we have gained a Wholesome respect for one an- other and have been drawn closer together. ' As we approach the close of our college training, it is but natural that we should feel a. reasonable degree of satisfaction and elation. Yet is it strange that with it all, we feel a touch of sadness? For, although our stay in Valparaiso has been a strenuous one, it has been. by no means, all toil. There have been many pleasures, many never-to-be-forgotten days, and We have made many friends from whom we cannot part with- out sincere regret and sorrow. And in a few days now, we shall be leaving, perhaps forever, these scenes of our labors and our pleasures, we shall be saying, "Good-bye," to our friends and comrades. But though we never return to Val- paraiso, we may always retain the memory of these pleasant associations, and though friends must needs part, true friend- ships need never be broken. A few more days, and, with our sheepkins and our over- powering knowledge, we shall step out into the world to re- ceive what is coming to us. A very discontented world it is to day. Its yellow journals, its petty politicians, its notoriety- seekers are all howling from the street corners that Opportu- nity is not for all, but that she is in control of the "powers-than be," the Hinoneyed few." They are whining about 'oppres- sion' and trying to excuse their failures in life in this way. But I say to you that to-day, even as yesterday, the ultimate success of our efforts will rest with ourselves. There are to- day more opportunities for personal advancement than ever before, more positions of trust to be filled, and more and great- er openings in commercial and industrial life. Better still, there are opportunities unlimited, for the betterment of social conditions in our world, and these should appeal strongly to us, for I like to believe that our object in securing an education has been, not a greater earning capacity alone, not more power, not wide fame. but rather, a greater efficiency in our service to Mankind. Once, near the close of the ministry of the Christ a voice was heard descending from Above. And some "said it thun- deredg others said an angel spake to him." So we read in the Bible, for even a Scientific may read the Book occasionally. There is still truth in that time-worn platitude that Life is what we make it. Are we to hear only the thunder. or shall We not rather attune our lives to the finer, higher sounds, to the angels voices? We must hear the voice of Opportunity in little and commonplace things as well as in greater things. No service must be too small, no task too great. In conclusion. I leave with you this Word. It is not given to all to acquire wealth: not every one may achieve position and fame: but to no one need be denied the honor of being known as one who holds the cause of Man above his personal ambitions, one whose life is being spent in serving others. ! s Old Bridge over the Pennsylvania R. R. SCIENTIFIC CLASS HISTORY Leo J. Raef ,ISTORY is a record of the rise and fall ot democra- !' B cies, monarchies, despotisms, and republics. To see I clearly the deeds of man in the vast panorama of ' I ' ' f-Ut I . . . . 135331 the ages, one must needs review human institutions. -the home, the church, the school, the vocation, and the state. Before manls dominating power these super- struetures swayed in tumultuous turmoil, rising and falling, yet always mounting higher, until at last, with this marvelous civilization, it has reached its zenith. Today, institutions and organizations without number have insiduously worked their Way into the history of the world like a nation or a race, and each has a separate and distinct history. It is of such an organization that 1 would speak-The Scientific Class of 1912. The city of Valparaiso where the historical scene is laid was never more beautiful than in April in the year 1911. The mellow cadence of the bell sent its initial gladsome message to the Scientific people. It was a big day, almost like that when King John gave to the English people the precious freedom of the "Magna Charta", for a primary annal was to be inaugura- ted in the Scientific Class history. Professor Kinsey destroyed the old dynasty. After an hour of admonition and direction, he promised to turn the management of the Class over to its members if they thought themselves sufficieiitly strong to bear the burden of an organization. The glad news was hailed with delight, for it gave more freedom, it gave the Class representa- tion in government, and greatest of all it gave identity to the Junior Scientific Class of 1911. As is usual with new born governments, the Class spent much time in strengthening its spirit, its organization and its knowledge. The struggles also with the elements of nature was at its most exacting flood-tide, and left but little opportu- nity for social diversions and other marks of progress. Witli the exception of the spirit shown on the base ball field, the Class music was hushed. Its vocation and avocation were struggling with the environmental problems,-Science, Mathe- matics, Language and Literature. The Class chose Mr. Jcglum as its first presidentg and into the keeping of one lmndred mem- bers was thrust the destiny of government. But Class perpetu- ity and stability were safe in the hands ot these members. tor it contained all the vital elements necessary to continued prog- 1'ess and well being. namely a spirit of enthusiasm, a common purpose, and a fraternal chain of friendship. Despite the fact that war was waging throughout the year, orators rose and strove to outvie Lincoln and Douglas in the debating forum. The Addison style ot essay and the W'ebster- ian oratory prevailed throughout the Class. The Class spirit ran high at the close of the first term, for the impending elec- tion bespoke in Emersonian language that the Class was "somewhat" and "a soul." The second and last term of the Junior year were fruitful in many respects. VVilson New was elected president. The garlands of better acquaintance began to weave themselves about the Class. Plans were under headway for the glorious year to come, and the evolution of learning had proven mighty fruitful. It was the Class's task to make a bright and perfect day from the light at hand. But a few more weeks elapsed and classmates bade each other good-bye. It was August now. and the sun of 1911 had sunk into the west of vacation time. The Class in the words of Longfellow. was "Scattered like dust and leaves, when the mighty blast of October Seize them, and whirl them aloft, a11d sprinkle I them far o'er the ocean." But the dawn of a brighter day was breaking, the sun of a reformation and renaissance was beginning to shed its en- lightening rays over a benightcd and a beclouded Class. Vaca- tion had passed and a year newly born was ushered in. The Him in the world's moving picture show was changed, the events of 1912 were begun. The Muse of history changed the date on her record, and new pages were com- menced. As in all history the latter days received fuller records than earlier days. The events became both more nu- merous and important. Should I write but a veryshort sketch of each one of the members of our Class that contributed to this history, it would require many volumes with foot-notes and appendicesg so this honorable task shall have to be foregone. At the outset, however, I wish to make emphatic one point. That is, what we lack in quantity we have in quality. Wlietlier we be many or few, certainly, we are an illustrious Class. It was September 19th, and not a single cloud obscured the vast blue of heavens canopy. Yes, the day on which the old College bell again pealed its sonorous notes calling the Senior Scientiiics to the orison of prayer and action. Time and tide had thinned our ranks, but 11eW recruits were garnered from the unknown. NVith solemn mien, President Brown read off classes 'tby the hour." He impressed on our minds "that we are known by what we do, not by what we can do." The lessons were assignedg the classes arranged, and the ball of 1912 was started rolling. After three weeks had passed, Pres- ident New called a meeting of the Class in room HC," for the purpose of electing officers. and transacting such other business as was then I deemed expedient. The meeting was well attendedg an enumeration of the ranks revealed the fact that six were missing. Mr. Blue was unan- imously elected president, and the efficient supervision of his regime made possible an excellent administration. Everything went on smoothly until the Class was appalled by the death of Professor M. E. Bogarte. Yes, the big man of the Faculty, the orator, humanitarian. and man was called across Death 's river. It was the darkest period of the Class, for the loss of this peer- less teacher was a sad, sad blow. Mr. Bogarte was kind, gen- erous, and a splendid teacher. He taught more than Mathe- matics. To know was to love him, to have a. class under him was to remember his big personality forever. The Class in reverence and respect held a special meeting and made ar- rangements for a garland of Howers for his funeral. At the funeral we marched in a body. A social had been- planned, but in the darkness of this era it was deemed proper to postpone it. Nothing followed of importance the remainder of the term save eloquent debates, oi-ations, and essays given by the Class, and the continuous grind on the curriculum. The last week of the term another meeting was held, at which Mr. Stoltz was elected to succeed Mr. Blue. Under his leadership the Class assisted by a wisely chosen committee held a splendid social. This social was a long time coming, but when it did come, it proved itself to be the event of the season. For the first time, we convened to have a jolly good time. The Faculty took an active and enthusiastic part in the "field meet" and exhibited a marked appreciation for the Class yells, and classy appearance of the Class. Even further, they affirmed that the Class had outdone all predecessors. This is not to he wondered at, however, considering that our organ- ization was as strong as it could be. The close of Stoltz 's administration was marked by an elec- tion of Class Day representatives. After a contest, whose out- come until the last minute was dubious, the following persons were elected: Merton Wille1', Class poetg Vera Van Auken, prophetessg Oscar D. Smith, orator, and the author of this rec- ord, historian. This election was by far the most important of all our meetings. lt was, excepting the meeting which fol- lowed, the most interesting, and no one could predict with cer- tainty just which way it would go. Suffice it to say, the newly elected representatives were given their honors by a narrow margin. Thus closed Stoltz 's term with great credit to himself and members. The Annual progressed nicely when once the design was decided. Witli the untiring efforts of business manager, Roger Flory, and editor, Howard C. Barker, and the impetus of enthusiasm given by the Class, a good Annual could in nowise be impossible. ln short, the few weeks which followed were the most palmy days of Class progress. The next term, the Class chose as their leader a man whose work proved everything other than what his name might sug- gest. Under Mr. Grimm 's administration class spirit rose higher than ever before. This, however, was not unnatural as there was the base ball season to screw their courage to the sticking point. The Class as a prelude to their diamond work, paraded the streets, saw a free show in the Memorial opera house, and displayed unusual valor in the class rushes which followed. The first great event of Mr. Grimmls official life was the big banquet at Altruria. Great the social had admittedly been, the banquet was tithe big social event of the season," as Mr. Brown remarked. The toasts given by Professors Brown, Kinsey, Timmons, Black, Cloud, Bennett, and A. A. and B. F. Williaiiis were well received. Miss Carver, who had been chosen toastmistress, by her wit, humor and repartee kept the banqueters in an intensely jovial state of mind. During Mr. Grimm's reign the Class was unusually active. Many minor details were attended to, and Professor B. F. VVill- iams was chosen to give the Baccalaureate address. Mr. Hick- man was elected president to succeed Mr. Grimm. The new era following, was, despite the warm weather, a very active one. This was, beyond doubt, the busiest period of the year. for many problems had to be considered. The place where the Class Day exercises were to be held. was perhaps, the most difficult question with which the Class contended. The commo- tion which this matter caused cannot be entirely confined in our history, for it was also an issue of other classes. Now as I have touched upon the events of the Class as a whole, it is my purpose to treat of some ot the members who are worthy of. and who should be accorded the highest meed of praise. Among these are. Manager Flory. Editor Barker and others who have contributed largely towards making the An- nual unsurpassed by any other Class. There was also David. who was thought to be noisy enough to lead the music on the ball fieldg Manager Jeglum and Captain Parker, who were the live wires of the ball teamg Mr. Wliitt our enthusiastic Class work- er and ever loyal Scientificg and Kilcoyne. our Irish orator and man of letters, who carried away second honors at LaFayette in an interstate oratorical contest. And yet this list would not be complete without the names of Misses Stephan and Pickerl. and Mr. McGehee, who were our social and banquet entertain- ers. In order to appreciate a Scientific degree. it was necessary for us to divethrough the depths of Mathematics, to take a. trip with Professor Kinsey through England: to follow Miss Carver through Rome and the Forum. where we met with Cicero, Catiline, and many other celebrated Romans, to ac- company B. F. in the Literary world from the time of Pagan- ism to the present dayg to pass back with Professor Bennett into the fargone ages, only to wonder what insignificant beings we might have beeng to spend nine months with "Dick" com- bining chemicals but never getting any combination stronger than H2 O to drinkg to motor ride with Cloud, never fearing the collision until examination dayg to imagine 'ourselves with Professor Black on a wonderful aeroplane visiting the ditlierent planets of the celestial sphereg and only to return to earth again where we might take a bicycle ride. a11d study Botany with VVeems. 'l'o the Faculty I dedicate the penultimate paragraph. We cannot thank you too much for the aid you have given us. Our lives have need ot the good derived from each and every one of you. VVe need Mathematics, Language. Literature and Science. VVe need discipline, training, and culture for the com- plex age in which we are living. No higher compliment can we pay you than to say that when we go out in life's arena we will do our best to live with honor and integrity, employing as best we can the knowledge which you have imparted to us. The years that are to come will bring us greater wisdom. more ability, and greater prestige, but never will we be more thank- ful than now toward you. Now we are about to go forth as graduates. The Univer- sity will not have exhausted its supply of learning, neither will we be encyclopedias of knowledge. To develop our thinking ability, has been our aim. We, by the use of this intelligence, expect to increase the power and infiuence of Valparaiso University. And now we retire from the scene of action, not because we are overwhelmed but because we seek a wider Held in which to employ our recently acquired talents. 'tOut of the Harbor into the sea" we shall go, big manly men and true womanly women, knowing no faith, no creed, no denomination. and no race. Under the fatherhood of a divine Master will we carve our destinies by the power given us in human brotherhood. in indissolvable bonds of love. CLASS POEM Merton Willer " Q mist th tt holds it cltai fi om me 1 ra j Rises above the raging sea, Jr-Jul Lays bale the deep to lwht again. ,ts I 'lt .A 1 " And rolling back its dewy Y..-I A C, The Whitecaps flicker back their gleam ln answer to tl1e brighter beam, And sparkling on each vaulting wave But call the sailor to his grave. On rocky beach in mighty wrath The waves in sounding accents cast Their strength in angry wreathing tide, That bids all stillness lowly hide. But, where the gently sloping shore Emerges from the waters hoar, The billows in slow rolling bands Spread bare their waters on the sands. And wandering round the ocean's reach, I find an opening in the beach Wl1e1'e crystal waters gently How To meet the waves that raging throw 97 Their might upon the silent stream, Yet slow retraeing, beckoning seem. This is the end, where roaring tide Swallows the river as it glides, And wandering, as in a dream, l wander where the source is seen, And find a. brooklet, tiny rill That wends it way among the hills, And gathering others on its way Broadens its surface as it may. lt bubbles from its many springs And to the hillside laughing brings Sweet music and cool waters clear That ripple on from year to year. Among the nooks and shady ways, VVith changing book moves on, yet stays, And gleaning 'long green winding banks Witli many a merry, sportive prank, Flows on in rippling. gurgling bands O'er countless stones and yellow sands. Where scrubby shrub and stalwart pine With clinging vines around them twined, Where flowers of the palest hue Drink in the freshness of the dew, 0 And longing for the Sl111bCHI11,S kiss Love more the thing that most is missed, There through the gloom of shady trees The river flows in noiseless ease. lt hears the Whisper of the glade, It feels the coolness of the shade, And shadows of the forests near Darken the waters once so clear. While underneath no rocks nor sands Relieve the silence of its bands, And moss and brushwood strewn about But check its waters for the trout, That finds a spot Where sunbeams gleam Where it can of its beauty dream, Leaving again the Wood behind The sunshine and warni breezes finds, And wandering through the fertile plain Receives the surplus from the grain. Thus on and on incessantly It finds its passage to the sea. Through towering mountains raging runs Gnly to reach the desert's sun, That flaring from its highest height, Pours forth its beams with noontide might That suck the river's strength away And to the sands at night gives way, And clearer from the desert plain Flows on the river through the grain, And singing now, and now dismay, Passes along its changing way Until, the farthest banks embraced, Leaves on t.he sea no spot nor trace, Only the great blue ocean there With its boundless sweep and ocean air, Yet with that mighty rolling tide The Waters, all in one, reside. The billows roar, but when they cease, And tide is flowing free, The seagull from its rocky nest Sails to its home, the sea, Flits, like a shaft of the inoonbeani Through the dark of the gloomy night, Flits o'er unheeding waters, The product of rivers, in flight. And lonely sings a tuneless song- A song to the sleepless main- As it follows the ships from the harbor And welcomes them back again. And what is the call it is calling As it sails o'er the restless sea? Oh! What is the one lone song? 'Tis the song of a soul to be, There Where the rills and the rivers Of mountain and sands and plain, Bury their joys and their sorrows To rise into life again. And the mighty ocean is rolling on With a moan that never is still Yet returning, moistens the brier And the fiower that grows by the rill. The foundation of Past is the ocean That Hows with its eeaseless moan And thereupon-there on the mortals- 'We build us a frail, tiny home. There the results of the teachings Of father and mother and sireg There are the sayings of sages, The music of bard and the lyre. The slavery of rulers of men Is a curse to the true and free, Yet a step in the road to advancement To the world that is longing to be. The builders of nations assembled, Themselves of the true and brave Added their strength to the strongest, To the sea their efforts gave. There are the fruits of the Christians, Of Mohammed, of Buddha and Jewg There are their faults also ripened To lessen the worth of the true. There are the works of our fathers- Those sons of the sons of men- The good and the bad intermingled, The songs and the tears of the pen. The fruitfulness of precious peace, The curse of tumultuous strife, Alike have blended their eiforts To mold into man a life. Then laugh for thy laugh will echo, Re-echo and echo againg Weep. and the tears that have fallen NVill add to the sorrows of men. Scorn and the thorn is the product. The seed of the seoffer's sneers Buries itself in gladness And blooms in the valley of tears. Cheer, and a soul that has fallen Will beam like the bursting sun As it breaks from the clouds of the even To brighten the day e'er 'tis done. So it must be 'till old nature Has suited herself with all things When adapted, We reap but one harvest For the best will be all that she brings. Then hark! For again the seagull That sails o'er the restless sea, Is singing the song of the future- The song of a world to be. It sings of a time when the Hower VVill smother the seed of the thorn It sings of a time that is coming Of which our's is only the morn. It sings of peace among nations When the Hags of the truly free Will wave o'er a worldwide uniong O'er land and unbridled sea. It sings the song of the ancients, The song of the all to comeg It sings and it 's song is unanswered We follow for all is not won. Tl-IE TENDENCY TOWARD THE PRACTICAL O. D. Smith sl A Q SINGLE school of thought was for a time regnant in 2 A educational life, and quite naturally that life com- prised a small, a narrow field. But a broadening process has left the limiting borders far separated, thinkers have explored new lines of thought, sys- tems of philosophy have come and gone, and theories, exten- sive and complete in every detail, have served as implements of advancement. lf we look for the governing influences. they are seen acting in different directions, and not the individual components but the resultant should determine the course of the educational body-politic. The things which induce the individual to exert his best efforts to attain a high degree of efficiency in any pursuit are rarely more than a, few. In education, the impelling ele- ments are not many: the thirst for informationg a desire to develop character and individuality, to secure cul- ture, and to become industrially efficient. Not one of these is objectionable, but highly commendable. Still the1'e should be maintained an equilibrium between them, and this presents a puzzling problem. Some years ago Spencer saw the relation between the in- terests of the individual and that of society. He initiated a movement for a more practical curriculum. His idea has gained wide consideration and has thrown out of equilibrium the animating forces, Zeal for vocational education is every- where manifest and the word "practical" now means the fundamental branches of a profession, trade or calling. The demand is for that which has an immediate market value. Verily the things essentially practical are engaging our best attention. We know of but one real world, and whoever would exert an influence must be in it, We do not want education to place us above and beyond practical things, but neither do we want it to intensify the human tendency toward sordidness. A former age we call narrow and we wonder at the littleness of men, regarding them with a mixed feeling of pity and con- tempt. But while pondering over the conditions which were, we unconsciously settle into a sordid and shallow condition which is. lt is conceded that specialization tends toward nar- rowness and the condition becomes appalling when our insti- tutions, both private and state, show a willingness to present only highly specialized courses of study. We might casually observe a few things: we have become so accustomed to shout- ing the assertion that this is an age of progress that many have come to an unquestioned belief in the reality of what we an- nounceg in so far as we have ideals, they are confined to a utilitarian field. The accepted standpoint, according to pres- ent day ideals, from which one should pursue his chosen pro- fession is to secure the largest possible income in the shortest possible time. This signincantly expresses the spirit of the age, a spirit which magnifies the by-products of life and over- looks the everlasting principles. The values as estimated by what the ages have deemed vital enough to preserve are de- clined, and satisfaction is found in rewards which perish with the using. lt was not always thus. O11ly a few generations back the college folk were fewer, they were much envied and felicitated because of their opportunities, but they were not, however. urged to emulate and excel great examples i11 mere money-making. And, too, their ideals were more real, and those ideals revealed their standpoint of aspiration, a stand- point based on the conviction that education is power. When error is supressed, the suppression is commonly fol- lowed by error inthe opposite direction. This has been no less true in education than elsewhere. We have intermixed voca- tional and cultural education until they are indistinguishable. The former is fastened about the latter as a sort of insulation which has a pernicious effect upon their separate values. Ano, moreover, with what complaisance have we come to regard the scientific attitude toward life! lts finality and conclusiveness are but little less than tyrannical. The predominance of the scientific spirit is not forever, no more than was that of art. For when one spirit dominates, error will enter, not that the particular spirit is in itself malignant, but because an approx- imation of perfection would depend upon an interblending of spirits many and divers, on the union of the scientific and the artistic, on the harmony of the good, the beautiful, the true. What type of mind is being produced 'Z One satisfied with that which can be absolutely proved, interested in what it can clearly see and adequately define. and unresponsive to many things which its conceit and presumption render it too shallow to apprehend. We will ask whither has gone the imagination, that faculty which enabled Omar to read the depths of his soul? WVe look back into time and in its records read of the many gods of old. how they were fostered and adored, sur- rounded with a glamour and a glory which description dese- crates. and clothed with powers and attributes which imagina- tion alone could conceive. But our god is robbed of all ro- mance, it is given no altar of beauty, no lonely temple sur- rounds it, no field or grove is all its own, no day or place is for it alone, unless perchance we say each day is his and each heart his temple. With us fancy has, indeed, ceased to be affable, it no longer paints vivid scenes of exquisite beauty. The ancient Greeks Hlled the forests with fauns and satyrs trees had their dryads. and from the sea arose nymphs, half foam, half fancy, to beguile them, the children of Israel saw the beckoning cloud by day and the fire by night. lf we could but see them, these apparitions are as real as ever, bushes are burning with messages of hope, the sky, the forest, and Neptune's domain are yet filled with beauty, with beauty which our eyes cannot see. 1 It does not require a cynic to read the probable judgment of posterity: HWhat a common-place people lived when the twentieth century was young! Their highest aim was conven- tional respectability, and material progress was their govern- ing passion, their ideals-they had none." If we but observe, We find that art and literature are spontaneous, springing, like hope, eternal in the human breast, and yet susceptible to every subtle iniiuence from without. They have had a humanizing influence and have been potent factors in every intellectual movement in history. Art and literature and their concomitant, culture, have had their alter- nate hours of culmination and periods of decline. Culture alone is insufficient to the need of human life, utility, unaided, strives in vain to answer its fullest demands. If the one sug- gests an unsavory certitude of faith, no less closely associated with the other is the dogmatism of unbelief. In this age of science and commerce, the most prosaic of all the centuries, there should be an intelligent and fuller union of the cultural and the useful, a union which would equalize the opposing tendencies and co-ordinate them into an harmon- ious whole. The humanistic elements must be revived, the elements which make life more sweet, which give beauty to beauty, and which make possible a bigger, broader and better life. We can retain some reverence for the traditions of time and recognize anew the dedication of our older institutions of learning, reinembering the while that HThe Golden Age" is in the future and that the education of the future must not retro- grade, must not founder on the shallow sands of utility, but continue its progress, unfolding possibilities, intensifying gen- ius and dispersing the pessimistic clouds of ignorance: HO Golden Age, whose light is of the dawn, And not of sunset, forward, not behind, Flood the new heavens and earth, and with thee bring All the old virtues whatsoever things Are pure and honest and of good repute, But add thereto whatever bard has sung Or seer has told of when in trance and dream They saw the Happy Isles of prophecy!" Scientifics vs. Pharmics. PROPI-IECY OF SCIENTIFIC CLASS Vera Van Auken N- SETOU may send an impression of your hand to the t'What does my Hand Tell" department of the L. H, :W W I J.. I hope all the men know what that isg you may visit the county fair near your home this fall and cross with silver the palm of the dark, bespangled Egyptian lady who was born, not on the banks of the Nile, but of the Wabasli or some other U. S. streamg you may part with a dollar of your hard-saved money to that noted clairvoyant who promises to tell you of successes both in business and loveg you may use other methods too numerous to mention, any of which will give you some assurance of your future, but the only pure. unadulterated, alI-wool-and-a-yard-Wide method of finding out how the world will or will not hear of you in the years to come is to invest one of your number with the sacred name, Prophet- ess, take heed to her visions, believe that you are to be what she sees you and become that. The one thing that makes a class prophecy prove false, for they sometimes do, is lack of beliefg it strangles the spirit of true prophecy. In the days when the earth was young there was a prince, who was forced to act as a swineherd and would have been very unhappy had he not possessed a certain magic kettle which had very peculiar properties. The swineherd was wont to concoct in it a savory brew the steam from which arose in .great clouds. If one should sniff the odor, put his fingers in the steam, think intently of one person. the future of that per- son would appear to him. There is no reason why we cannot have that kettle here. We have plenty of materials for the brew. we may use the apple sauce from East Hall, the stew from Altruria or one of the good things produced in the kitchen at Lembke, any of which will make a dish such as the mind of man will scarcely be able to conceive. It is a large kettle, we may gather round it, stick our fingers in the steam, take in the delightful odor and see each other as we will be. Let up appoint Russell Wliitt to stir the mixture, for it is easy to be seen that he will always be where things are stirring and will be making much of the smoke himself. As we concentrate our thoughts upon David Aldstadt his future appears just what we might have expected, since we know his benevolent nature. He is a philanthropist, the head of an association which provides work for vagrants. He has arranged a series of prizes to be given to those tramps who, after their enrollment on the books of the association, bother hi1n least. The greatest prize and that which is given only to the man who applies for work but once. is a. scholarship in Valparaiso University. While we think of Clark Baker the steam eddies and swirls. We do not wonder when we see his future, for he is a labor agitator and is violently exhorting, not a mob of union men, but a vast concourse of capitalists and promoters. As we search the crowd we may recognize the faces of several of us, here is Gordon Coldren and Clair Craig, over there Samuel Delker, John Dorough, Frank Christman, Charles Gold, Nicola Salerni and Ludwig Vlfaiver. The character of the vapor now changes. It seems to be a sort of a 4'Bluel' haze, as it clears a little we understand why this is, for we see Thomas G. at work in his laboratory. He is striving to solve the mystery of perpetual motion, for in spite of his long association with Cloud he has never given up the idea that the law of the Conservation of Energy can be broken and that he is the man to break it. He has good reason to doubt this law, for none of his Mechanics students have ever been able to obtain satisfactory results in proving it. Room C now appears in the steam, its walls as dingy, its blackboard as ehalky, and its seats as deeply carved as ever. Prof. Barker, glasses on nose, his head adorned with locks al- most as luxuriant as those of his predecessor, is at the desk explaining the difference between a staminate and a pistillate flower. Wlieii Weeiiis wished to retire he recommended Barker as his successor, .for he always thought him worth while, be- cause he conducted his life apart and "far from the madding girls." As assistants in his and other departments of the Uni- versity and looking up to him as he was wont to look up to Weeins we find, Wziltei' Hough, 'Wm. R. Evans, Jenkin Hock- ert, Harold Johnson and Holden. There is great difference between Room C and the banquet hall we now look upon. 'Wisconsin is honoring a new governor, one who understands and will carry out the policies of La- Follette, a progressive in the truest sense of the word. George f D Ralph McGehee is the man who holds the honored place, who has conferred this good fortune upon Wisconsiii. Around the board are gathered many of his old friends to do him honor. Among those who are on the toastmaster's list either for their ability to speak the hardest to pronounce and least unde1'stood words in the English language or because they come straight to the point and stick there, are Francis Kilcoyne, Alexander Miller, Roland Obenchain, J. W. Clark, and Edward Gallagher, Evert Zimmerman and Albert Strikol. David Wol,fe is present, ready to lead the cheering for the new governor, and Roger Flory, nattily attired as ever, as a representative of the asso- ciated press. If you will stand close to the kettle and get into the steam you will hear the strains of sweet music produced by Hugo Bloomquist and Eugene Caste breathing forth their favorite melody, "I Waiit a Girl." They have each made a name for themselves in the musical world, but however great their fame they have never lost their dislike of appearing much in the public eye, so we do not see them. The steam shows us that Franklin Rice is not following in the footsteps of that other Franklin, he is neither a statesman nor a diplomat, but has risen in the medical profession until he is among the foremost. He has under his guidance a large hospital, in the management of which he is ably assisted by a lady who, it is said, acquired her skill at the Valparaiso Col- lege of Medicine. Among the physicians who know that their patients will always receive the best of attention at this hospital are John Morthland, Vlfarren Nutter, Othello Ottman, Chas. Grimm, George Turner and Arthur Utterback. These men aside from being renowned practitioners have each made a name for them- selves in the field of medical research. Othello Ottmann has discovered a sure cure for jealousy, George Turner has opened to mankind the spring of eternal youth by finding a panacea for that tired feeling, John Morthland and VVarren Nutter have discovered the organisms that produce measles and mumps, while Chas. Grimm has found that park benches are a good remedy for the dropsy. Oma Cunningham has acquired the position for which he is Well fitted. He knows the likes and dislikes of womankind, her needs and luxuries. Taking advantage of this information gained from a three years close study of her as typified by the Altruria girl, he is editing a woma.n's magazine which has the largest circulation of any in the U. S. Its popularity is due to the fact that every page contains just what women want. Associated with him on the editorial staff are others also peculiarly fitted for the task. L. W. Parker, Leo Raef, Clemence Rimelspach, James Twinem, and Harry Johnson have been able to present credentials which show them experienced in the study of what will interest women. That Leonard Jeglum has great talent for managing the men on the diamond can be seen by what the steam shows 'us as we think of him. Wliat "Fans" have long feared and fought he has brought about. He has shown that he has an eye for good players and the profits to be derived thereby, for he is president of a baseball trust. George Disher is campaign manager for the great politi- cian, Spencer Stoltz, and has been very successful in aiding him, for Stoltz has steadily climbed the political ladder until he has been elected speaker of the House. Not a little of his popularity is due to the genial personality and pleasant smile of his campaign manager. The ears of his constituents have also been delighted by the songs and verses composed in his behalf by Merton Willei'. Alvin Smith, James Harvey, John NViley, and Harry Hoy- ert are sharing profits in a mercantile business. They have de- partment stores in four of the largest American cities, the usual sort in which anything f1'om a threshing machine to a. hair pin may be purchased. If we will gather closer and look deeper into the steam We will see Butler and Fernholz working together on a series of text books in Mathematics, Karl Sclmartz professor of English in a German University, Leo Awotin taking the place of Sam- uel Gompers in the Socialist party, Michael Siena figuring in Chautauqua work with a lecture on the 4'Divine Comedy," Alvyn Hickman an eminent divine, Oscar Smith chief counsel for the baseball trust, Joseph Kleuh, Fred Seibert, and Glen Threewit endeavoring to produce respectively, a really Ere proof building, a ship that cannot sink, and a system of tables which will relieve the student of all the drudgery attendant upon the fundamental mathematical operations. I suppose that some of you have been wondering why the steam has shown us nothing of the future of those members of the class who were wont to sit so meekly in the southernmost row of seats in Room C. Though they did not venture to ex- press an opinion when aiifairs of almost international import- ance were discussed, they still exerted some iniiuence and we thought them destined to some great future. How it is that the magic kettle knows naught of them? Can you not guess? It is because the vapor from the kettle is obscured by the steam arising from their own kitchens, for with but two exceptions every one of the girls of 1912 has answered with an emphatic "No" the question, '4Does college unit a woman for home life?" But if we should visit the homes of Gabrielle Armstrong, Meryl Boyd, Ollie Fleishman, Wilheliiiiiia Freley, Dora Hutch- inson, Ida Kauppi, Annie March, Lucy Thompson and Alma Webb we would find that they are not only good homemakers, but they are also engaged in the work of society in some of the many fields which are open to women. Mae Bowman, too, has time to become interested in the law cases of her husband, and Dorothea. Stephan in feats of engineering. Esther Krost occasionally helps in the drug store, and Otealia Treitz assists her husband in educational work. Though Zella Landis has exchanged her own distinctive name for the common one of Johnson she seems perfectly con- tent, and Mildred Krumin aids with her advice a noted young capitalist. Nina Conover enjoys horseback riding more than ever, for she no longer rides alone. The two girls of the class who have acquired real careers are such notable successes that honor is reflected upon those who stay quietly at home and do but read of the deeds of their more active sisters. Dorothy DeWitt is editing the Line O' Type of the Chicago Tribune. That ever popular column has steadily gained in popularity, its daily appearance is hailed with joy by young and old, it is quoted by after dinner speak- ers and upon every occasion when man wishes to be 'cas funny as he can." As we look for the future of the only remaining member of the class the brew begins to seethe and a dense cloud of vapor arises. There is a clamor as of a brass band and we see feminine forms in parade, headed by a little lady with a firm mouth and determined look. Upon closer inspection We see that is the apparition of none other than our own Dorothea Pickerl, fighting for equal rights. Now the wreaths of vapor become less and less thick and not even the most vigorous stirring will cause the brew to give off those savory odors which are a necessary part of its magic properties. This brew was prepared from ingredients provided by Our Master for His Own and now its purpose is fulfilled, for only the fates of Scientifics can be read in the steam aris- ing from the products of Grandpa Kinsey 'S kitchens. PAY DIRT Baccalaureate Address B. F. Williains Members and Friends of the Graduating Class of 1912, Ladies and Gentlemen: NE YEAR ago to-night and two years ago to-night I stood in this place with a trepidation such as I L Z l now feel once more. I distinctly remember that I was not comfortable on either of those occasions, nor do I consider this hour one of the most joyous and care-free of my life. There are some things one doesn't get accustomed to, and, for nie, this of preaching is one of them. I am not conscious of any great message that needs utterance or reiterance from me. The cold. honest truth is that I had to force myself with diffident reluctance to Write out this address, and now that it is written, I can't see any- thing much in it. Witli great uncertainty, therefore, whether what I shall say may be of any value, I could hardly go on at all were it not for my confidence in your generosity and good- will,-a confidence that transforms a task for which I am none too well fitted into something approximating a pleasure. None the less I was loath to accept the kindly invitation of the Class to give this address. My reluctance was based on two con- siderations: iirst, by the sacredness of all tradition, a bacca- laureate sermon should be given by a clergyman, and I have never had even an elementary course in theology, second, hold- ing but a very few positive convictions. I consequently cling to those few with some tenacity, and I disliked especially to waver in my opposition to a third term-consecutive or ot.her- wise. I am not sympathetic toward a sentiment ascribed to an illustrious citizen of the United States: Yield not to temptation, For yielding is sing Yet doomed is the nation, If I am not in. Realizing, then, that I have become a menace both to free institutions and traditional prerogatives, I can only hope that further temptation will not come my way, or that I shall have. another time, greater courage to resist it. I want to begin with a quotation from a recent essay in the Atlantic Monthly, entitled "The Summit of the Years," by John Burroughs, one sentence of which I have selected for my text. Here is the passage: HI am in love with this world, by my constitution I have nestled lovingly in it. It has been my home, It has been my point of outlook into the universe. I have not bruised myself against it, nor tried to use it ignobly. I have tilled its soil, I have gathered its harvests, I have waited upon its seasons, and always have I reaped what I have sown. Wliile I delved I did not lose sight of the sky overhead. While I gathered its bread and meat for my body, I did not neglect to gather its bread and meat for my soulf, "VVhile I delved- I did not lose sight of the sky overhead"-that is my text. And my theme? Well, that is a troublesome matter always, in spite of the probability that it doesn't make a great deal of difference after all. Choosing a theme is, I fancy, like choosing a wife. CI like to philosophize about things in which my ignorance is densestl It is hard to make the selection, and when once it has been made you never know for sure that it is the best one. Then, too, it is always hard to stick faithfully to a theme, and some- times-but let ns abruptly drop the comparison, and go ahead. The simple problem for me is how with about the same stock ot ideas and information I possessed a year ago and two years ago, not counting a few additions to take the place of some badly shopworn, dust-covered and non-marketable goods, to spread out anything particularly attractive tor your consider- ation, or, putting it another way, to work over once more the low-grade ore from the mine ot my mind, to see if in some small measure it may still be termed pay-dirt. Pay-dirt-that's not a bad phrase itself, and I believe it will answer my pur- pose as well as any other. It is rather remarkable, by the way, how an expression will turn up unexpectedly-when one has it already in his mind. Please remember, then, that my theme is "Pay-dirt," so that if anyone should ask you what I talked about, you may be able to answer glibly and thus get the credit of having been an attentive listener. Sixty-four years ago last May, a Mormon passed along a street of the straggling shanty-town of San Francisco, which a year before had given up its Spanish name ot Buena Yerba. This Mormon held in his hand a bottle of gold-dust, and as he passed he shouted: "Gold! Gold! Gold from the American River!" The words acted like a magic incantation, and im- mediately the wretched little town was ablaze with excitement. Sloops, sailboats, rafts-every kind of available cratt-were soon making what headway they could up the Sacramento River to the scene ot the diggings. Others went a-toot or a- donkey or a-wagon and the village was practically deserted. You all remember how the discovery of gold had been made in the preceding January by a, man named Marshall who had charge of the building of a sawmill for John Augustus Sutter, on the south fork of the American River, some forty miles distant from Sutter 's fort, near the site of the present city of Sacramento. Unavailing efforts were made to keep the matter secret, yet no great excitement followed until that Mormon who apparently believed not only in laying up treasures in heaven, but also in getting some ot that treasure that invites moth, rust, a11d thieves, appeared on the streets of San Francis' co with his bottled bane. Slowly as we would estimate it now, rapidly when we con- sider the difficulties in the carrying of news at that time, the story of the great discovery made its way over the whole country and practically over the whole civilized world. By the end ot the summer of 1848. everybody was talking gold and California, and in the following winter at Boston and New York vessel after vessel was fitted out, company after company was formed, and hope ran riot. The dangers ot the long voyage around Cape Horn. the dangers by sea and land, especially the land dangers ot disease, robbery. and starvation, of the shorter trip by way of Panama. Nicaraugua or Mexico, could not daunt the adventurous, eager spirits of the new Argo- nauts. I need not recount the hardships and sufferings of many, indeed most, of those ardent seekers for the "precious banefl the presence of which in hell, Milton thought should arouse no astonishment. However great were the sufferings and discouragements of the Argonauts, those of the overland gold-seekers were, if possible even greater. Early in the spring of 1849, this over- land emigration began. The gathering-ground was Northwest- ern Missouri, with the towns of St. Joseph, Independence and Kansas City as the leading points. During the first three weeks in May, twenty-eight hundred and fifty wagons had crossed the Missouri River at or near St. Joseph, and fifteen hundred at Council Bluffs and Savannah Landing. One traveler who went one hundred and forty miles and then came back, count- ed on the return journey, eleven hundred and twenty-five wagons. The main route was by way of Grand Island, Fort Kearney, the Black Hill country, South Pass, the Sweetwater River, thenceiacross the desert north of Great Salt Lake, up the Carson River to Lake Tahoe, and by Johnson's pass to the Sacramento valley. Again I need not detail the sufferings and privations of such a journey. By the close of the summer, the route, especially the latter part of it, was strewn with dead oxen, deserted Wagons, utensils of every kind, and scarred with many nameless graves. Lack of water, a burning sun, scurvy, thieving Indians, were only a few of the many terrors. CJohn Bach McMaster: "A History of the People of the United States." Vol. VII.j In some respects it reminds one of those strange wars of the Cross. or Crusades, hundreds of years be- fore, differing of course in motive and some elements of roman- tic splendor. The motive of the Crusaders was a religious fervor approximating insanity, and involving the hope of an eternal reward in that New Jerusalem where infidels would be unknown, the motive of the men of '49, was the lure of the :good red goldf the siren smile of the fair goddess Fortuna, inspiring them with an enthusiasm almost equally approximat- ing insanity, beckoning them to an earthly paradise, an Eldora- do of elysian enchantment. Pay-dirt,-that was the goal of those far-goers. Mean- while they passed in Illinois. Missouri. Iowa, Kansas, and Neb- raska, tens of thousands of acres of the finest sort of pay-dirt which could have been bought at the price of a couple of in- different songs an acre. This dirt they hardly saw. The wav- ing, luxuriant harvest of wild grasses, here and there sprinkled with gorgeous wild-fiowers,-those glorious prairies watered by a hundred streams. did not tempt them to linger, They pressed on heroically, misguidedly to the perilous land of prom- ise. A favored few eventually struck it rich, the luckless many returned worse off in money, health and spirits than when they started. Still others never returned, never were heard from even, a11d in many an eastern home sat a patient, anxious mother, sick with hope deferred, yet hoping, praying. year after year for a message from her high-hearted boy who had gone out with such eager, feverish dreams. The most apparent mistake of those wealth-seekers was in thinking of but one kind of pay-dirt,-that which bore the glittering, gleaming gold. Slowly. slowly, have we been learn- ing ever since that there are a hundred kinds. If I am not misinformed, a man sold only last year something like two thousand dollars' worth of celery from a little patch of pay- dirt down by the Pennsylvania station in Valparaiso. During the same year of 1911, R. D. Kline and Son, of Knox, Indiana twenty miles southeast of Valparaiso, on seventy-four acres of land purchased a dozen years before at 320 an acre, raised- breathe it softly-37,000 bushels of onions, and sold them for 850,000 Twenty ini-les from Valparaiso in another direction, is a stretch of land which ten years ago anybody would have told you was next to worthless. It was not gold land, or corn land, or grass land, or celery land, or onion land, but it was good enough dirt on which to build the greatest steel city in the world, and now they are selling it for so many dollars a front-foot or back-inch, I am not sure which. Will it,be too abrupt a transition now to pass from gold- seekers and real-estate to education? You must have already guessed that my theme and my text were meant only as sugges- tive symbols. The question: "Will it paytt' is now an insist- ent one everywhere,-in education as well as in business, or maybe we might say that business and business notions threat- en to absorb education. To such an extent does this seem to be true, that some thinkers are sorely troubled lest our noble spiritual and aesthetic heritage from the past come to be bru- tally, ignorantly spurned, as the Goths and Vandals despised the art treasures of Rome which they were too bar-barons to appreciate. No one, at least, with his eyes open, can fail to note the spirit of change. In the olden days, scholarship was narrowly limited. The scholar was the priest, the university was a cloistered seclu- sion,-a place of quiet retreat for reading and meditation and prayer, a refuge from the hardships of life and the horrors of war. Slowly for a time, rapidly of late, the whole conception and process of education have been changing. No longer is learning limited to the clergy and a few other professions, no longer does even the ideal of culture hold any monopoly. VVordsworth in England a century ago, and Emerson in this country a half-century ago, were already fearing the enroach- ment of materialistic ideas:- ' "The horseman serves the horse, The neatherd serves the neat, The merchant serves the purse, The eater serves the meatg 'Tis the day of the chattel, Web to weave, and corn to grindg Things are in the saddle, And ride mankind." Things are in the saddle. Gradually the ecclesiastical and aristocratic conceptions of education have been yielding to democratic notions. Butchers and bond-sellers, miners and mechanics, farmers and furriers, carpenters and chautfeurs are sharing educational training with priests and patricians. The old doctrine of the divine right of kings has given place to the new sentiment of the divine right of the people. From this social evolution, doubtless, has arisen the criticism of the old ideal and curriculum of higher education, the training that fitted for clergymen and gentlemen. Greek and Latin, theol- ogy, poetry, history, philosophy, art,-the whole humanistic regime has been attacked as inadequate to modern needs, it' indeed not essentially etfeminate and lackadaisical. Thus in the past few decades has come the insistent demand for the natural sciences, for laboratories, for schools of technology, for manual training. domestic science, vocational education,-a whole train of ipractical' and materialistic ideas. Business colleges, 'beauty' colleges, barber colleges flourish, while not one in ten thousand knows his Greek, and not one in a hundred decently knows his English. Meanwhile arise unceasingly clouds of incense to the great earth-god, Mammon, and the gospel of 'progress' is proclaimed from the house-tops. Things are in the saddle, and Culture is on the defensive. l have often wondered why the notion of fighting, of war between individuals, nations and even ideas is so persistent: why men become so much more enthusiastic over a half-truth, a partisan view, sectional interests, than over a whole truth, liberal ideas, and universal values. Almost any limited. par- tial, or even whimsical notion, fad, doctrine, movement, will gain loyal. even fanatically loyal adherents, whereas the atti- tude of mind that seeks to be just, tolerant, many-sided, seems The vitality powerless to attract but a comparatively few. of the Hghting ideal, in spite of a million horrors and blasting value in the bitternesses, would seem to argue some inherent thing itself, some justification of its survival. I am compelled to admit this, and yet .I do not pretend to understand it. The harmonizer, seeking to see clearly. to weigh justly, to judge in sweet reasonableness, is elbowed roughly out of the way by noisy partisans and zealous devotees. 4 So, for a century, not to speak of wars in the usual sense, we have had innumerable contiicts of varying degrees of bitter- ness, wars between theology and science, between material- ism and idealism, between aristocracy and democracy, between capital and labor, and so on and on. Now one side seems to have the upper hand, now the other. And as one or the other obtains the ascendency, there seems to be an inevitable tend- ency to assume an attitude of brow-beating arrogance. Theol- ogy and humanism for a long time had things their own way, now they are almost apologetic, The emphasis at present is not on abstract thinking, not on cultivation of the taste, the refine- nient of aesthetic feeling, but upon concrete, tangible good:- 2 preventive medicine, the search for serums and antitoxinsg the building of bridges and railroads and towering office- buildingsg the invention of something-a threshing machine, oil-pull plow, electric flat-iron-anything that can be bonded, marketed, exploited. Things, things, things are in the saddle, and are riding mankind to the metropolis of Pecunia, with its noisy, racking markets and its garish Wliite Cities of spectacu- lar, riotous pleasures. Can you imagine Plato or Socrates or Marcus Aurelius or Milton or VVordsworth or Emerson feverishly watching the stock-ticker. or, let us say, shooting the chutes? On the other hand, you can scarcely imagine any of them, were they living to-day, superintending the digging of the Panama Canal, inan- aging a railroad system or a department store, discovering an antitoxin. or inventing an electric washing-machine. or flat- ironq and we need the Canal and the railroad and the depart- ment store and the antitoxin and the washing-machine and Hat-iron. Wliat is the use of being one-sided and unreasonable about it? Because UHamlet" or HParsifal7' or the HNinth Symphony" or the "Sistine Madonnai' is a great, inspiring work of art. it does not follow that the Brooklyn Bridge or the New York tunnel or the Gunnison Dam, or even an electric Hat-iron, is to be despised. Or, vice versaqbecause a man can build a bridge or a gasoline engine, sell bonds or' finance a great corporation, is no reason why he should belittle the work of Richard Mansfield, McNeil Wl1istle1', St. Gaudens, Kubelik or Tetrazzini. Is it not just as well that Beethoven and Ra- phael and Shakespeare and Phillips Brooks and Dickens and Tennyson and Mark Twain were not scientists? And does anybody wish that Darwin had been a painter, or Huxley an English bishop, or Herbert Spencer a Paganini? Because corn is necessary, Cfor corn dinners and thingsl are men to grow lilies and lilacs no longer? I am afraid that this is all so trinisparently obvious as to seem commonplace. Yet, if so, why should there be so much discussion of practical versus cultural education? ls it mere- ly that educators, like baccalaureate speakers, have to have something to talk about? There is certainly plenty of the talk from educators and others, plenty of one-sided, partisan views. plenty of harsh criticism and half-baked ideas. For instance, here is a half-baked book-I brought it along as a concrete ex- ample-condemning in toto the whole system of higher educa- tion in the United States. It is bound in a peculiar shade of grayish-blue cloth, typifying perhaps the unqualified pessi- mism of the contents. This book is by the late R. T. Crane, a prominent and unusually successful manufacturer of Chicago, and is entitled: "The Utility of All Kinds of Higher School- ing I did not read far in the book before l discovered that the Word 'Utility' in the title was a joke, and that what he meant was 'Futilityi A man who could and did build up and successfully operate a great inanufacturing plant, and leave an estate running Well up into the millions, must necessarily have had some sense, and this book is not all absurdity. It is sim- ply a striking illustration of the one-sidedness of a man's views who lacked the very culture which he so relentlessly condemns. Indeed he does not stop with a condemnation of academic cul- ture, but includes high schools, technical schools. professional schools-everything above the grammar schools-in his whole- sale vituperation. Unrelated excerpts can never give an adequate idea of a book, yet nevertheless they may give some idea. and I am going to quote Without specific comment several of his statements 9 .J which I believe you will find interesting. Here are some samples: There is no more pitiful object, so far as I know, than a young man coming out of college and seeking a job. He Iinds he gets the cold shoulder from every one he meetsg that the people who recom- mended the college to him have humbugged him to the last degree, and now, when it is too late, he finds how utterly false have been all the claims as to the advantages of a college education. p. 89. I take the ground that a young man who goes to college not only is not benefited by it, after spending eight years in time and 510,000 to 512,000 in money, but is most decidedly and positively injured by the college, since he comes out so conceited that he is at a great dis- advantage in getting into business, and it takes years, and sometimes a lifetime, to get his head back to a normal size. p. 103. If money is not the whole thing, I think it is safe to say that it is probably seventy-five per cent of the whole thing. As a rule, thc fact is that money is looked upon with contempt only by those who have not got it and do not know how to obtain it. p. 107. The student's head seems to be so stuffed with unimportant things that there is no room for absorbing useful knowledge. In other words, he has become so theoretical that he is not capable of being practical. p. 110. Most of the well-to-do persons who do send their sons to college know that there is little or nethi-ng of value in the education received. It simply is the fashionable thing to go to college, and so they send their boys, in order that they may get into the college aristocracy. p. 113. This pastime may be all right for the sons of rich men who can afford to make fools of themsclvesg but it is nothing short of a calamity for the poor boys who go to college with the idea that there is something in it, and who cannot afford to make mistakes. p. 114. For myself, I should as soon think of putting money into a scheme for spreading -smallpox as into any institution for turning out lawyers. for they are the great curse of our country to-day. p. 119. In other words, it is an outrage for people to be compelled to support- these institutions and afterward to support the imbeciles, sharks and dead-beats that they turn out. p. 120. I I don't know of a case where a technically educated man has built up a manufacturing business of his own and carried it to a marked success. p. 158. The one place to learn a trade is in the shops. The best trade school in the world would leave the boy with a great deal to be mastered before he could be considered efficient. Then why ask him to waste his time in a trade school or technical course? p. 266. I maintain that it is distinctly wrong for any educational institu- tion to take a man's time and money in teaching him a lot of things that are of no practical value to him. p. 296. The college men talk as though they knew every other man's bus- iness, and that they could manage affairs better than the business men themselves. The college professors and teachers are prepared to give advice on all subjects. As 52,000-a-year teachers they tell us how to turn out S5,000- and 510,000-a-year business men. Isn't it a bit strange that it never has occurred to these smart college fellows to go into business for tliemselves? Why draw a small salary for telling young men how to draw big salaries if you are capable of drawing the big salary yourself? p. 330. I think it is high time that the American people realized this, for I believe if they once became fully aroused on this matter, they would take steps to compel the higher educators to go to work and earn an honest living. If the professors can tell us how to raise corn or build bridges or dig tunnels or run factories or manage stores, 'tthen in the name of common sense let us give them a chance to show us how these things should be done. p. 331. Summed up, Mr. Cranes arguments seem to be about this: that what we connnonly call college education is expen- sive, useless, snobbish, viciouskteiiding to produce a foolish and immoral social aristocracyg and that technical education, as well as professional education, is extravagant, theoretical. impractical, faddish, and absolutely unnecessary. It is not my intention to attack or criticize his ideas. Their very lack of balance. the inconsiderate and immoderate tone of his whole book, largely destroys what otherwise might have had consid- erable value. I have quoted his book merely to show to what extremes the insistence on what is 'practical' may lead a man. Certainly he is as far from the real truth about education as the most dreamy and visonary idealist. Indeed, I am inclined to think that Herbert Spencers notions about "NVhat knowl- edge is of most worth?" with his answer in favor of the nat- ural sciences as opposed to the humanities. are one-sided and unsatisfactory. No arbitrary answer can be given to such a question. It all depends on the individual receiving the knowledge, and there is nothing gained by contending that there is only one kind of educational pay-dirt. I am not.. however, specially worried about all this modern insistence on what is practical, on the education that enables one to make a living. A living has always meant. and will al- ways mean. something more than meat and raiment. Men are idealists in spite of themselves. Mr. Cranes statement that money is at least seventy-tive per cent of the whole thing is, in my opinion. considerably more than seventy-tive per cent false. One of Kiplings most popular poems speaks of a. time when no one shall work for money. I think that time is at hand, has always been at hand. and will always be at hand. 'llhe most eager California gold-seeker. the most materialistic manufacturer or merchant gives an ideal value to the money he amasses or tries to amass. It is nothing but a symbol to him of a beautiful home. of pleasures. or power, or philan- thropy,-varying kinds of ideals, but ideals none the less. There is no such thing as absolute materialismg and con- versely there is no ideal that does not tend to End material ex- pression and realization. Hence there is no need of a war bc- tween realists and idealists. between practical doers and theo- retical thinkers. Both are necessary. and perhaps have about equally served human interests. I suppose an idea must pre- cede every tangible material product or invention. Yet every man who tries to -realize that idea in concrete product helps to clarify and expand the idea. itself. Mr. Crane ridicules the theoretical scientist engaged in research, and gives most of the credit to the practical mechanic and inventor. He failed to see the need of a Newton as well as a Fulton, a Kelvin as well as an Edison. And I know not how near to zero he would have estimated the value of the thought of a purely speculative and idealistic philosopher-a Plato, a Kant, an Emerson. None the less the ideal persists. It is the beautiful. iridescent bubble inherent in the drop of ill-smelling soap-suds, It is the sentiment of beauty, the essence of love, and the hope of relig- ion. Things are in the saddle, as Emerson said, nevertheless it was the same Emerson who wrote: "Yet there in Some figure Our angel, in Or woman's the parlor sits of noble guise- a stranger's form, pleading eyesg Or only a flashing sunbearn In at the window-paneg Or music pours on mortals Its beautiful disdain." I can lay no claim to novelty or originality in thus insist- ing on the inseparable union of the real and the ideal, the theo- retical and the practical, the work of the doer and the dreamer, yet I believe it is well at this time to think about it once more. It is an old, old idea, but it will need to be recognized in the newest and latest times. lt is as old as Greek and Roman mythology, and as new as the Class of 1912. I am sure you must all remember something about the two gods, Apollo and 5 Vulcan. Apollo was the god of the sun, and of all that the sun may typify-light and truth, health and purity, intellect and soul, music and poetry :- with which the universe "I am the eye Beholds itself and knows itself divineg instrument or verse, all medicine, are mine, or nature,-to my song All harmony of All prophecy, All light of art Victory and praise in their own right belong." Vulcan was the god of iire, especially earth-fire, the black- smith and artiiicer of the gods. I-Ie was very practical, made things for the other gods,-their dwellings, spears, shields, arrows, breastplates. He fashioned for Apollo the glorious chariot of the sun, gold-axled, silver-spoked, beset with dia- monds and chrysolites. There was need of a cunning god to make such a chariot, there was need, none the less and maybe more, of another cunning god to drive it safely day after day along it skyey course. And now if you will recall that Vulcan the blacksmith ofticiated at the birth of Minerva, or Athena, the goddess of wisdom, by splitting open Jupiter's head with an axe, that one of Vulcan's wives was Venus, the goddess of love and beauty, and that Vulcan and Apollo were half- brothers,-you must see that the old myth-makers, in what Ruskin calls their 'iinfantifie gropings after truth," under- dim, fantastic way, the inseparability of of the mind that conceives and the hand furthermore that it was not and is not coexist at their best in one individual, be stood in their own thought and deed, that executes, and necessary that they he god or man. There was needed a god-thinker and a god- doer, and there needs and will always need a man-dos-r and a man-thinker. As old as the oldest gods, then. is the idea. and as new as the newest graduates. Gods and graduates alike must and should. to a greater or less degree. specializeg should realize, too, that no one work, or notion, or scheme of life holds a mo- nopoly, and that the motto of the three musketeers: t'Each for all and all for each,'l is a good motto withal. And it is my hope and conviction that each one of you, thus far in your educational development. has found it not a delusion and fraud, as Mr. Crane would have us believe, but that it has had for you a two-fold value,-which is at bottom one value-the increase of your earning capacity and the enrichment of your intellectual and spiritual life. I hope and believe that you are fitted to hold a better job, to make more money. than you could have done without your years of training, but I hope still more that you have received something that will help you to give a nobler and more idealized value to the money you may earn, and through which you can transform it into something that liberates and lifts. that sweetens and consoles. I have always admired the man who in co-operation with the agencies of nature produces something tangible directly from the soil.-grains and fruits and flowers, combining as they do so perfectly utility and beauty. Nor does it detract anything from the work of such a man that he sell his products at the highest obtainable price. Only I want him i11 his money- making not to miss the beauty of his waving fields, his fruit- laden orchards, his flowering gardens: or indeed the beautiful possibilities of the very money he receives. Such a Workman in our great earth-garden I honor. But I remember an individual gardener that somehow I honor even more,-not a type or generalization, but a. real man. You may possibly never have heard of him, yet at one time he was perhaps the greatest technical English scholar in America. I refer to Professor Francis J. Child. For years the old schol- ar. who combined the courage of a hero with the gentleness of a woman. cultivated at his Cambridge home a beautiful garden of rare and exquisite roses. He did not sell his roses, but gave them away to his friends and to the passers-by. His chief joy. however, was to give them to some poor boy who didn 't even dare to ask for them, or to some pitifully-clad little girl. hungry in body. but in whose eyes there was a greater hunger. the starved look of a longing for kindness and sym- pathy and love, of which the gentle old scholar's roses and kind words were realizations and promises. He did not sell his roses. for he did not specially need the money: but he did need the gracious thanks of his friends and the passers-by, and most of all, I think. he needed the awkward, stammering thanks of the poor, tattered boy. and the shy. dazed. wordless gratitude from the longing eyes of the poor neglected Hower of the Gar- den of God. Professor C'hild's roses came from the dirt-the dirt that was immediately about his door: and was it not the most val- uable sort of pay-dirt? I suppose the most difficult lesson to learn is t.hat of the possibilities. real and ideal, in what is right around us. We forget that every place is under the stars, and that the whole earth is under every man 's feet. No place, no work is desolate of beauty and hope and opportunity. Shall we not learn to look for a revelation not on some far-away mountain-top, but in our own doorways and garden-plots? Shall we not, instead of waiting for a heaven of celestial splen- dor, rather try to realize one here and now in an awakened sense of truth and beauty, and in our Hlittle, nameless, unre- membered acts of kindness and of love?" "Worn and footsore was the Prophet, When he reached the holy hill, 'God has left the earth,' he murmured, 'Here his presence lingers still. 'God of all the olden prophets, Wilt thou speak with men no more? Have I not as truly served thee As thy chosen ones of yore? 'Hear me, guider of my fathers, Lo! a humble heart is mine: By thy mercy I beseech thee Grant thy servant but a signl' Bowing then his head, he listened For an answer to his prayerg No loud burst of thunder followed, Not a murmur stirred the air:- But the tuft of moss before him Opened while he waited yet, And from out the rock's hard bosom, Sprang a tender violet. 'Godl I thank thee,' said the Prophet, 'Hard of heart and blind was I, Looking to the holy mountain For the gift of prophecy. 'Still thou speakest with thy children Freely as in eld sublimeg Humbleness, and love, and patience, Still give empire over time. 'Had I trusted in my nature, And had faith in lowly things, Thou thyself wouldst then have sought And set free my spirit's wings. 'But I looked for signs and wonders, That o'er man should give me sway, Thirsting to be more than mortal, I was even less than clay. 'Ere I entered on my journey, -As I girt my loins to start, Ran to me my little daughter, The beloved of my heart:- 'In her hand she held a flower Like to this as like may be, Which, beside my very threshold, H1 She had plucked and brought to me." And now finally l give you my sincere bencclitiiou Nl iw the love of truth and the truth of love, the peace ot uonlt and the work of peace, the beauty of reverence and tin ll 1 of beauty, be with you now and evermorc, A111411 THE SCIENTIFIC BASE BALI.. TEAM Q7 ILL ue be outdone in bascb ill and not hate at leist WI as it existed duiing our college dns it Vilpo L YS if Well, 3 ou may be suit th it such a slight shall newi be tendered 'tJeg" and his crew of valiant follow- ers. To say that baseball is indeed sport fit for a king and enjoyed alike by old and young is only a mild form of ex- pressing the pent-up enthusiasm of the Scientific baseball fans. Let us briefly recall some of the more stirring times as they arrived during our spring campaign. To begin, we were dampened in spirits somewhat when, on the opening day, April 13th, our team was forced to enter the head of the procession which marched to the baseball park to the tunes of the lively strains furnished by the university band. Our spirits were not dampened because we led the procession. Oh! No! Not by several degrees! But our brand, new uniforms of blue and gold failed to arrive at the time designated, and we boldly presented on the bosom of our shirts the Y. M. C. A. There is no question of doubt but that the uniforms in question still had a victory or two stored within their texture, for after battling for thirteen innings with the P. 85 M. gladiators three or four pages devoted to the national pastime we.landed a glorious victory by winning the opening game by the score of 5 to 4. Through some misunderstanding in regard to schedule arrangements we did not meet the Lawyers' team on the 20th as intended, since there were no Lawyers' uniforms to be distinguished at the appointed hour, but on the other hand we appeased the fans by playing a "battle royal" game with Ebert 's wonders, losing by the score of 4 to 3. On the 27th, however, our fighting spirit was above par and the Law- yers, with the once wonder, Siman, doing fancy stunts on the mound. were forced to the unlooked for Cto themj result of a 7 to 6 score, with the Lawyers in arrears. It was a decisive game and our boys struggled valiantly with the spirit that wins. The last game of the spring term played on May 4th, needs hardly any mention, but suffice it to say that the P. Sz Mfs were invincible and at the end of the spring term we found ourselves tied for second place in our race for the pennant. On Saturday, June Sth, hostilities were again renewed and the two games, one in the morning and one in the after- noon, were a renewal ot former antagonistic struggles. So also were the struggles of June 15th and 24th, and atter all the dust and smoke had vanished we reluctantly withdrew any and all claims to the pennant. Yes, we lost the pennant for this year. but great credit is due the manager and the worthy efforts of Capt. Parker. They have been untiring in their efforts to promote a clean, manly club of ball players, and though we were unable to capture all the glories of 1912 for our class we can all be satisfied at the manner in which our Hblue and gold" boys exhibited themselves on the diamond. Following is the team, reading from left to right: Top row- Padgett, Benton, Emery, Hansen, Koehler, Ziegler: Middle row-VValsh, Parker CCapt.l, Jeglum CMgr.l, Wtnlf CYell- masterl, Rayburn. Bottom row-Boosinger, 'Cain. Scientific Base Ball Team I 77 X r f . , r -f' 7 .T ,,v----1--'ff -,., W W . ,, , rw, . n f Adams, Irwin L. Allen, Edward ....... Baker, N. A. ........... . Barnicott, Della ,,,,,,,,,,,,,, Bassaw, Solomon H Brinck, Dora ...,.,,.,,. Browning, Gordon ,...., Burner, Jas. R. ...... . Calland, Edward .... Callison, Lester M. Chapas, Benedikt .. Chapman, Lester M. ...l. . Coldren, Mary E. . Corrigan, John E. Cummins, Clyde M. Cunningham, Edward A. ...... . Eilert, Solomon R. ,,,... .,,,,,,,, , Ellis, T. F. .....,,.,,,. , Enders, Carrie E. Essenberg, Jacob Evans, Jas. M. .... Eynck, John F. ..., , Gilmore, Glen Gravez, Clara ..... Greenwalt, Geo. .. Greenwalt, Hazel ..... Gross, Michael .,..... Gylander, Laura ...... Harper, J. E. .......,. . Harden, J. Mark ..... Harvey, Ralph J. ..... . JUNIOR SCIENTIFIC CLASS .............Scioto, Ohio ...,,..Floyd, Kentucky .......,McCoupin, Ill. ...........Su1nmit, Utah .......New York, N. Y. ........Defiance, Ohio .........Gibson, Tenn. ...............Crawford, Ill. ....................Nob1e, Ohio ......Nicho1as, W. Virginia ........Lithuania, Russia ........Roana W. Va. ..,,.....Fayette, Pa. ......Livingston, Ill. .......Harrison, Ohio .........Clayton, Iowa ..............Pike, Ind. ......,....McLean, Ky. .......Dauphin, Penna. ..........................Russia .......Grcen Lake, Wisc. ........Stearns, Minn. .........Hood, Texas ........Perry, Ind. .,......Allen. Ind. .........Allen, Ind. ......Raudolph, Ill. ........Ford, Ill. ........Meade, Ky. ........Meade, Ky. ........Boone, Ind. Heinl, Fred Carl ..... Hershey, Ernest A. Howlett, Berton ....... Hurth, Mathias ....... Jacobson, Clara ....... Janilis, Anthony ..,...... ........Amsterdam, N. Y. Johnston, Alexander ...... N .......Cherolcee, Iowa ..............Wabash, Ill. .......Cattaraugus, N. Y. .........Meeker, Minn. ................Boone, Iowa .........Guernsey, Ohio Johnston, Tom L. ,,,,,,,, -,,,,,,,---,--,-.,.,, P OI-te,-I Ind- -TOIWS, Bertha Alice ------ ........ M aricopa, Arizona Jones, Nellie ............ ,,,,,,,,,,,----- 9 Iasony Ill, Kolmer, Edw. H. .... . La Grone, Ollie C. ....... . Langell, Mark B. .............. . Lochowitz, Edward H. ..... . Manlove, Charles ,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ........Monroe, lll. .......Panola, Texas .........Wayne, Ohio .......Racine, Wisc. .......,.Altoona, Penn. Marienthal, Raymond --,,..,,,,,,,-,,----,,,, Cook, 111. Matteson, Leon L- --------- ......... K ent, Rhode Island McEndree, Olive B. ..,..,,,,. --,,,-,----,, 3 elnjont, Ohio Miller, Charles S. ........,,.,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,, B lair, pennu. Morrow, Frances Louise ,.,,, ,,-,,-, H an-isony Ky' Neel, Frederick Guy ,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,--,,, C ass, Ind' NGISOII, Edwin .,......,. -------Y,,-, L apo!-te, Ind. Oliphant, Charles L. ...... ,,,,,,,, E dwards, Kansas Orr, Charles T. ........ ,,,,,,,,, D unkljnl MO, Osborne, Adam G. ,,.. -----,-,,.,,,,,--- P ikey Ky' Papazian, Hovanes ...., Porter, John A. ...... . Prage, Herman .... Rawlings, Mary .... Reid, Edgar P. ....... Rhoade, Clayton L. ..... . ......Worcester, Mass. .........Sedgwick, Kansas .........I-Iarrison, Ind. ..,.,.NOI'IIl3.l'1lDf0l1, Va. .......,,.Marshall, lnd. Russell, Raymond T. .... ..,,..... B radford, Penna Schlosser, Vida L. .... .,.,.... A larshall, Ind Schlutius, Milerna .,..... Iroquois, Ill Schurr, Clara E, .... . Silverman, Ephraim Smith, Frances E. B. .........Marshall, Ind .......New York, N. Y .......Whitley, Ind Smith, Greta ............... ............ B ary, Mich Snyder, Albert ,,....., Stewart, Raymond .r,.... ..,... ......... La Fayette, Ill Alleghany, Perma. Stone, Albert ,,,,,, ............ P orter, Ind Strahan, L. S. ,,,,,,,,,,,,, ....... C ovington, Miss Tangusso, Sebastian .... ,,.... M iddlesex, Mass Ulmer, Mearl E. ,...,. ,.....,.. K osciusko, Ind Urbanowski, Leon ,,.... .....,..... L a Salle, I11 Whisenhunt, Fannie ,,.., ,.......,...... C addo, La Whisenhunt, Maud ...... ................. C addo, La Wlllls, H. K. . ..... ...... .... . . . Lycoming, Penna - X- 1- 1.1 Group of Valparaiso University Buildings OJ' 212 5 6 ' 1 f G 4 e ,- 6 Y' 1 fn om 5' if? Q A QQ X S27 m M , V 5 dawg! P U XLS J G V 0 rx ,A V E 3 tbb D 'O ' N ,' I Q QM 275 X5 0 02, 33 6 4 rf 0 0 N 9' 'SU X , Q 0 v Q WFQEQ 07 ff-'eifm w ffg 5'-4" 1 bm ' Q ' f 1 X QX-ZW' X fi "' - 1 If !f C' 0 I L ' f 1 1 . X KN ' Wx ML ,E ' 1 nr 'f xx.:-fl E Fm, W Ef f' Ng? 5 l E 1 , ng f X W I ..L- '21 2: 'I N 5- , j X : X Q ... ,... ....-, 1- - ,' ' - XX 7 rw 11,7 C' ' Q!! ilmvnj In ' ' f:.X ,is S QU X , ff NE -ifkkyf' Q K ,- ' XjyL ff X - 1 , - x I' I lxX . XV' f 1 if c f J f J 1 eg ' 7 V W- ' XX A f X pg y OEJ X EJ XX Rfk ' xy 5 K -if T ' re:?5'1f Adams, Bertha ..,.,.,..,,.. Anderson, Catherine Anderson, Margaret Bisbee, L. Jean .......... Blackburn, Ray .,... Bolotin, H. .,...... . Butler, C. J. ,....... . Chindlund, Alma ..... Cobb, Mary M. ...,.... . Cummings, H. B. ..... DeWane, T. F. ...... . EDUCATIONAL GRADUATING CLASS ....Ocean City, N. J. .........Stoneburg, Texas ............Stoneburg, Texas Waitsfield, Vermont ...............Otway, Ohio ......Valparaiso, Ind. .......Cincinnati, Ohio .............,.Alta, Iowa .......Valparaiso. Ind. ..........Trenton, Tenn. ....Stangelville, Wis. Doane, GI'aC6 K. .... ......................,.,...,..,,,,....... S eymour, Ind. Froemming, Albert Fischer, Amelia C. . Freely, Wilhelmina Farmer, Bernice ....., Gasaway, Adelaide ,..... Hall, Josie ............,,.. Hanson, Dena ,..,..,....,,,,,, Holden, Lyle W. Johnson, Harold Brady ..... Kilcoyne, Francis .,,..... Krost, Esther ....,,,,,,,,, Lumbard, Louis .... .. Love, Lulu L. ..,... s. ....... . Winter Term E D Wells Pres. Margaret Anderson, Secy. Greta Van Alstine, Editor J. J. Macdonald, Treas. Sta. D. R. no. Lucas, C. O. ,..,.............. . Macdonald, J. V. Mathena, Harriet ....... Mattson, Selma .,...., Mitchell, J. O. .... . Mona, Fred W. .... . Moss, Paul W. .... . Padgett, Mabel .... Park, Emma ............. Peterson, Eddene .... Pfeiffer, Edith ....... Polk, Omer E. , .... . 3, Milwaukee, Wis. Rice, J. C. ...... ..... . .Twin Lakes, Minn. Rice, T. B. ............ . ......Iowa Falls, Iowa. ..,......Millsbury, Ohio ........,Seyn1our, Ind. ...............Koleen, Ind. ....,,,.....Marinette, Wis. Rittenhouse, Carl Rittenour, Edna ........... Rittenour, Seraphine Schurr, Charles ............. Smith, Alvin J. ..... . .,,.,,..............XV6Il1l11kB, Okla. .....,.Margaree, Nova Scotia ...........New Albany, Ind. ......Great Falls, Mont. .......Des Moines, Iowa ..........Fremont, Iowa ........Haysville, N. C. . ..... Tennyson, Ind. .................Brook, Ind. ...,...............Bode, Iowa .......Byron Center, Mich. ...,....,.,........Austin, Ind. . ........ Charleston, Miss. ......La Fontaine, Ind. .........Warren, Ind. .........Dilbeck, Va. ......Dilbeck, Va. .......B1-enien, Ind. .......Winamac, Ind. .Port Allegany, Pa. Sparks, Geo. ............ ........ V alparaiso, Ind- ......,.....,.....XVeikert, Pa. Taaffe, Virginia ...................Antlers, Okla. ..,...Fondulac, Wis. Toner, Alice Ohio ,.,,,...,.,,Car1y1e, 111, Wells, Elton D. ........Berrien Springs, Mich. ............Laporte, Ind. Whitlock, Carolyn L. ...............Va1paraiS0, Ind- .....Coffeyville, Kans. Ziegler, Lloyd ............BiDDUS, Irid- CLASS OFFICERS. Members of Record Board J. O. Mitchell, Editor E. D, Wells, Manager Spring Term H. B. Cummings, Pres. Bertha Adams, Secy. T. F. DeWane, Editor Al-bert Froemming, Treas. Summer TG1'Ill Omer E. Polk, Pres. Lulu Love, Secy. J. O. Mitchell, Editor Albert Froemming, Treas. Class Day Officers J. C. Rice, Orator Alma Chindlund, Po 124 Virginia Taaffe, Prophetess et Harold Brady Johnson, Historian 'tix BERTHA ADAMS , Ocean City, New Jersey One sunny day in June, the Adams' summer home in Ocean City, New Jersey, was graced by the presence of Miss Bertha. Her early education in the Ocean City High School being completed, she decided to enter Valpo. She has done extensive work in the Scientific Course and will complete the Edu- cational Course this year. Bertha intends to join the great army of teachers that go out next year to uplift humanity. In the near future she will enter Columbia to take out a11 A. B. degree. Miss Adams is earnest and sincere and is very enthusiastic in her work. A very bright future is predicted for her. CA PHERINE ANDERSON Stoneburg, Texas Catherine Anderson, altho born in an insane asylum, shows none of the characteristics of persons usually found in such institutions. Her father was the attending physician at the Medical Lake Asylum, 1Vashington, and here Catherine first saw the light in 1894. We believe her extraordinary common sense must be the result of having spent the first three years of her life there. Later she spent eight years in Medical Lake City, when it was again necessary to take her to the institution for thefeeble minded, her father having been appointed superintendent. She must have been permanently cured during the next two years, for her people were permitted to take her first to Ohio and later to Texas, where she has since made her home. She was graduated from the High School at Saint Jo, then taught a year in the Pan Handle. During the midsunimer term of 1911 she entered our class and has been with us con- tinually since. Her work with us has shown beyond a doubt what anyone can do to overcome the effects of early environment. She expects to teach. ' 125 MARGARET ELIZABETH ANDERSON Stoneburg, Texas Margaret Elizabeth Anderson was born Jan. 15, 1893 in the Eastern Wash- ington Hospital for the Insane at Medical Lake, Washington, where her father was at that time assistant superintendent. Without doubt her early associa- tions are the cause of some of her otherwise inexplainable peculiarities. When she was four years old her parents 111oved to the town of Medical Lake. In 190-1 her father was made superintendent of the Hospital for the Insane and they went back there to live. Soon after she finished the eighth grade in the winter of 1906-7, her family left the Hospital and moved to Warren, Ohio, where they stayed about six months and then moved to Texas. They lived in Saint Jo for a time and while there she was graduated from High School with the class of 1909. After teaching one year at her present home, Stoneburg, and one year in the Texas Pan Handle, she entered the Valparaiso University, June 27, 1911. Next year Miss Anderson will teach in the city schools of ff IE? L. JEAN BISBEE Waitsfield, Vermont Miss L. Jean Bisbee comes to us from the pine clad hills of the Green ' Mountain State, where she began her existence at Waitsfield on May 9th, late in the eighties, She attended high school at Winchester, Mass., and later took the Teacher's Course at Randolph State Normal, Randolph, Vermont. From this institution she was graduated with honors. While there her energy and splendid executive ability won for her the presidency of her class. After teaching for a while she joined the 1912 Educational Class of Valparaiso Uni- versity and will receive her Pg. B. degree in August of this year. She attends the Presbyterian church and Sunday school and is a member of the Y. W. C. A. She expects to teach and may go West for that purpose. ' 126 HYMAN BOLOTIN Valparaiso, Ind. Hyman Bolotin was born in Russia in 1884. At the age of seven after the loss of his mother, he realized that life is a struggle. From seven to four- teen he enjoyed, now and then, home training. His tutors, after failing in every one of their undertakings, took up teaching as their life work. At the age of fourteen he took the burden of life on his own shoulders, and was ap- prenticed in a jewelry shop. 'il did in that place all kinds of work, but jewelry? After two years of apprenticeship he joined another shop where he learned to be a master of the trade. In 1904 he came over to this country 7 where he was employed in the jewelry line, and spent his leisure time in study- ing. Mr. Bolotin has been in the University, with the exception of two terms, since January of 1910. Respecting his future, Mr. Bolotin says: UI have not finished my education. It is a mere start, and I hope to continue." C. J. BUTLER , According to integral calculus C. J. Butler must be some thirty-three years old, for he says he was born in 1879. We understand that Butler never saw or heard of any of his relatives. He got his start in an orphan 's home in New York City. but left the metropolis at the early age ot three years. He was taken to the home of a family near Argyle, Lafayette County, Wiscoiisiii, where he says he once had the honor to attend the same school that Senator La.Follette had attended. He first came to Valparaiso University eight years ago. Meanwhile he has attended the HU," at irregular intervals, four years. The intervening periods he spent in the "university of hard knocks" hustling for money with which to come back to HValpo. " In the university of UH. Nfl place. Butler hopes to follow the calling of a "pedagog,'l at which calling he has already had two years' experience, one in North Dakota and one here he has already had two year 's experience, one in North Dakota and one here in Porter County. HC. J." is also a "ScientiHc of '12.', Cincinnati, Ohio 127 IIEBILP LRXCII QUMNIIY Trenton, Tenn. 'Ilns tiue southern g'6I11ll,lI1111 was born on July 2, 1886. He is grad- u ite of the Peibodv High School 1 B. S. of the G. R. C. College, 1907. A. B. oi the N alpaiaiso Univeisity 1911 and Pg. B. of the same institution. 1912. ALMA HELEN CHINDLUND Alta, Iowa Alma Helen Chindlund was born near Alta. Iowa, on Feb. 6, 1890. In the spring of 1897 she moved with her parents to Alta where she has since made her home. She was graduated from the Alta I-Iigh School with the class of 19051, after which she taught for a time in the rural schools. Being successful as a teacher, she decided to prepare herself for high school work. and it was for that purpose that she first came to Valpo in the fall of 1910. She expects to teach in the public schools of her home state next year. He has always been one ot the most prominent and active members of his class, and was president of the Educationals for the third term. To know Mr. Cummings was to like him. Probably no one in Valparaiso has more friends than he has, as his genial friendly way has won him a lasting place :in the hearts of his associates. Mr. Cummings is also a great scholar and no doubt, some day, Tennessee will be proud to claim the honor of being the home of this young man of genius. He will graduate from Yale College next year and will then probably take up the study of law or take the degree ot Ph. ll. from Columbia University. 128 X BERNICE FARMER Millsbury, Ohio Late in the eighties a little fai mer was born into the home ot Mr. and Mrs. Baimei ot lllillburn Ohio Attei being graduated from the graded school, Beinice attended high school at Genoa, Ohio. Having spent some time in the schools about hei home teaching little men and women, she decided to enter po 11S Veal she completes the Educational Course. In the near future she v ill secure a B S degree ii om Valpo and will then enter a college in Ohio Miss B ai mei is an estimable voung lady and has a wide circle of friends in the Univeisity Hel many acquaintances wish her success in whatever she GRACE K. DOANE Seymour, Indiana Some twenty years ago for several morej, in the city of Seymour. Ind., Grace K. Doane was born. Her childhood was not unlike that of her little neighbors who were very proficient in the art of baking mud pies, climbing plum trees, and starring in thrilling theatrical performances, for which the exorbitant price of a dozen pins was the admission demanded. Upon attain- ing the important age of six years she began laying the foundation for her educational life, and from that time on played Hteacher' with an earnestness -and faith that never wavered, and with quite enough dignity for any peda- gogue. As she grew and completed her High School education the childish aspirations materialized, and hoping to become more efficient in her chosen work she attended Valparaiso University and will graduate from the Educa- tional Department this year. 129 AMELIA FISCHER Twin Lakes, Minn. This splendid young woman was born and educated in the city of Chicago. She is a woman of great force of character and possesses teaching ability of the highest order. As a principal and teacher of the High School. she has few equals in this country. Physically and mentally strong, she is full of energy and enthusiasm. and inspires in pupils and teachers a desire to do their best. Miss Fischer is a graduate of "The National Teachers Seminary" of Mil- waukee, Vtlisconsin, 1899, and of Valparaiso University, Scientific, 1910, and Educational, 1912. For two years. 1899-1902, she was a special student of Wiscoiisiii University. She also spent four summers at thevMinnesota and Chicago Universities. ln her school work Miss Fischer possesses untiring zeal and patience, she makes the spirit of cheer and good-will prevail. Besides being especially capable in High School work, Miss Fischer is a refined Chriss tian woman. alert to every movement for the general good. No woman has exercised a better iniiuence in her community. ALBERT H. FROEMMING Milwaukee, Wis. Albert H. Froennning was ushered into the world May 13, 1887, and is one of the big sun-crowned men of the class. Jovial, yet deep in reasoning, versatile yet efficient, Froennning does artistically all he touches. R-eared on a farm, since his boyhood days he has been a. devout and enthusiastic nature lover. In the placid vales of Hiawatha's land he learned the secrets of the hill and vale as taught by old Nokoinis. Of a quiet evening he may often be seen perusing the volumes of Darwin, Huxley and Tyndall, seeking the con- necting link between anthropoid ape and nian. Humble as he is great, kind as he is cultured, Wise as he is gifted. These are the descriptives that best delineate Froeniming. 'tDutch," as he is called by the Wisconsiiiites, is treasurer of the class. He intends to specialize in Sciences, and that he will be a big man in his profession goes Without saying. 130 4 ADELAIDE GASAVVAY Seymour, Ind. Adelaide Gasaway was born Dec. 10th, 1889, in Seyinour, Ind., in the saine house in which she still lives. She was very anxious to begin her school career and at the age of flve she was given a slate so that she need not feel so far inferior to a cousin a year older than herself. WVhen at last she did get to start to school she was inost happy. She was never angelic in school and she well reinenibers more than one little punislnnent she justly received. She had a very happy childhood, playing all sorts of games, but much prefer- ring boys' games. She was graduated from Seyniour High School in 1907 and attended Oxford College for Woineii the following school year. In the spring of 1908 she decided to become a teacher, and with a vacation of three days, she came to Valparaiso to do the required work. She began teaching in Sey- niour, Ind., in the sanie year, and has been teaching there for four years, at- tending Valparaiso during each summer. again next year. JOSEPHINE HALL Koleen, Indiana Josephine Hall was born near the little village of Koleen, in Greene Coun- ty, Indiana. After completing the grade work in the rural school near her hoine, she spent one year at the Owensburg High School. She then took up the noble profession of teaching, and being unusually successful as a 'tchild leader,'l decided to prepare herself more thoroughly for her life work. She attended the Indiana State Normal School for a time, and in 1910 caine to Vale paraiso to complete the Educational Course. There is no doubt that Miss Hall has Hfound herself" in her profession, and next year she will be numbered ainong the successful teachers of Indiana. 131 She expects to teach in Seymour l l 555:ig:'bfjgg35j15Q53::,':g3jg3g , IJENA LOUISE HANSON Marinette. Wis. Miss 'Dena Louise Hanson hreathed her first breath of life at Carbondale, Mich.. Oct. 27. 1884. 'When she was four years of age the Hanson parents, 7 with little Dena. moved to Marrinette. VVisconsin. Here in the noble Badger State she practically made her first conceptions of life by attending the graded school. ln 15109 she was graduated from the Marrinette High School. Imme- "" f 5-Q'-3'-jfff.ii. diately after her graduation she taught at Stephenson. Michigan. the following gg.-5,..,.3f:'3.:.j:j.' year at Doggett, Michigan, and the two tollowing years again at Stephenson. Dena also had a year of experience as clerk, but being more apt- as a teacher she again resumed this work. and taught at Stephenson two more years. She 011i7t?l'ULl Valparaiso University June, 1910. and remained two terms, after p- . -1 which she taught at Wl1eat.fiel4l. Ind. until the end of the school year. She returned to Valparaiso for the summer term of 1911, a11d again taught at U VVheatfield the following year. Last April she again returned to Valparaiso to iinish her course. Dena is a student as well as a teacher, and her work i11 the recitation rooms is inost brilliant. HAROLD BRADY JOHNSON VVeikert, Pa. f Y Harold Brady Johnson was born at VVeikert, Union County, Pennsylvania. He was graduated from Laurelton High School, Pennsylvania. Specialized in Literature and History. having been a student in Union Seminary and in Bucknell University before completing the Scientific and Professional courses here. He has had four years' experience as a teacher. and was Principal at Cowan for two years. The Professional Class has honored Mr. Johnson by electing liiniifflass Historian, Next yearwill find him at Fulton, Indiana, where he will be Superintendent of the Fulton Public School, He has the appearance ot at jurist and will make rapid progress in the professional world. 132 l LLIVE O LUK AS W6tl1l11k3-7 Oklahoina 1 ' C O WY as born 111 QHIl0l Qounty, Mo., Oct. 15, 1889. In tl1e year 1901, he 11101 ed to Wet11111lia Olxldl10ll'l1 which at present is l1is l1o111e. After having completed the SOpllO111016 seal 111 the High School, he entered tl1e Valparaiso lilI11Y L1Slly 111 the Sunnnei 161111 ot 1908, remaining 11i11e consecutive ternis, com- pleting 111 August 1910 tl1e Scientific Course with additional credits i11 the COIl11I161C11l Depaitinent ln thc school year 1910-11, l1e was the successful P111lC11J 11 ot the WCtl11l1lI1 High School, re-enteriiig the Valparaiso University in the Sllllllllel LCIIH ot 1911 16ll1Fl111111g five terms, COl11pl6t111g' the Educational Co111se C1 g B D 11111101 11o1k 111 Elocution, together with Stenographic 0011186 M1 Luc1s intends to continue his study i11 the University for at least txxo 111016 ycais taknig up the Classic H1141 Elocution work, after which he intends to teach two yens then it is his purpose to take 11p his life pro- fession 101 xx l11cl1 he has been D1GDHI'111g himself, tl1e st11dy of Law, at the Valpaiaiso Ll1l1YL1Sl1fX 101 t11o mais, then a third year i11 Yale University. LULU LEMMA LOVE Cotfeyville, Kansas Lulu L. Love began her happy life i11 the "Buckeye State," Oct. 2, 1887. Later she 'caine with her parents to Hebron, Indiana, where she spent her jolly school days. In 1907 she was graduated from the Hebron High School and then taught in her hon1e co1n1n11nity until 1911, when she entered. Valparaiso University. Her work while here has been chieHy that of the Educational Course. Miss Love has bee11 an active n1e1nber of the University Y, W. C. A., having bee11 chosen as president early i11 the year. She was Class Secretary for the su1nn1e1' term. Next year she expects to teach at Cotfeyville, Kansas, near t.l1e new l101116 of her parents. 133 SELMA MATTSON Great Falls, Mont. Selma Mattson was born in Finland. Eu1'ope, December 2-1, 1889. In 1900 she and her sister joined their parents in Cascade County, Montana, where their parents had made a home for them. She attended the public school in Sand Coulee, Montana. and learned the English language. But desiring a bet- ter education, she entered the Valparaiso University May 18, 1909, and was graduated from the Primary Course in 1911. In the near future, she expects to attend the State Agricultural College of Montana and study Domestic Sei- ence. Primary, Educational. Domestic Science, together with the admirable good sense which Miss Mattson is well known to possess, will make her as desirable a young lady as any young man could wish-"Just like the girl that married Dear Old Dad." We are certain that she will be successful in her career. HARRlE'l l SULLH AX MAlHEN Y New Albany, Ind. Harriet Sullivan Matheny was born and reared in New Albany, Ind. Eight years ago she came to Valpo and specialized in Latin. She has completed all of the studies of the Classic course and has employed her time to some extent as tutor. She is very religiously inclined and is an active member of the Y. W. C. A. In this she has been a member ever since its organization here. She takes great delight in singing hymns, some of them of her own composition. E. T. Fuller, a Baptist Hymnal writer of Burlington, Vermont, has purchased a number of her songs. ln East Hall where she has a cosy little room there often gathers a group of sweet-faced girls to listen to Miss Matheny give in- struction in the Bible, talk upon current topics, especially those pertaining to China or Japan, or to relate some good moral story or to give some good advice. For six years continuously she has taught a Loyal Legion Training Class in the Bible. . 134 J. O. MITCHELL Des Moines, Iowa Mr. Mitchell, better known as ':Mitch," was born in Wooiisoelret, South Dakota. He has had extensive experience in the commercial world. having been employed as traveling salesman for the Capital City Rug Company. In his work here, he is laying that broad foundation which lies at the bottom of any well rounded career. He contemplates attending Leland Stanford to take out a Ph. D. degree. Mitchell is frank and sincere, and has a pleasing personality. His many friends predict for him a brilliant future. FRLD W, MONA Fremont, Iowa Mr. Mona quietly made his advent into an Iowa home on Nov. 7th-he thinks in the early nineties. Educated in his home town, he began earning his laurels early bybgraduating from his home High School at the head of his class. He began teaching at the early age of 17 and came to Valpo in 1911. He spent nearly two years among us and returned to his home early in the summer to secure a lady assistant who will share his duties as Principal of Lagrande High School this fall. 135 VVILLIAM PAUL MOSS Hayesville, N. C. VV111. Paul Moss is generally known among his friends as the mountaineer- orator. He was bor11 on an old-time Southern plantation in a rural district near Hayesville, N. C.. March 27. 1888. Mr. Moss has pursued the Law, the Senior and the Post-Graduate Oratory, and the Pg. B. Courses in Valparaiso University, all of which he has finished with credit. Since Mr. Moss came to Valparaiso University he has been president of the Southern Society, the Lit- erary Society of the Oratorieal Department, the representative of the Senior Law Class at the Annual Banquet, and he was elected to make a memorial oration on our late lamented Mr. Bogarte, who was the founder of the Orator- ical Department, and for many years Dean of the Engineering Department of Valparaiso University. MABEL BRULE PADG1nll Tennyson, lnd, Mabel Bruce Padgett was born June 2, 1890, at Tennyson, Indiana. She received her early education in her home town. In 1907, she began her career as a. successful teacher. Deciding that she needed more thorough preparation, she spent the suminers of 1908 and 1909 at Valparaiso, and attended a special summer term for teachers at the State University, at liloomington, Indiana. in the summer of 1910. Miss Padgett continued teaching between these sum- mer terms. She again entered Valparaiso in the tall of 1911 with a view to finishing her course. Her work as a student has won the approval of her instructois. After graduating with the class of 1912, Miss Padgett goes to Booneville, the county seat of 'Warrick county, Indiana, where she has a re- sponsible grade position. She will exert a. wholesoine influence over her pupils as well as succeed in her profession. 136 EDITH M. PFEIFFER Byron Center, Michigan Miss Edith M. Pfeiffer was born in Byron Center, Mich. Wlieii she was four years old her parents moved to Mancelona, Mich. It was here that her education began and continued for the next few years at Elmira, South Board- man, Grand Rapids and Traverse City. At the age of sixteen Miss Pfeiffer accepted a position to teach school, and for three years taught successfully. The last year she was teacher of literature in the Central School of Ionia. Shortly after this she was offered a position as stenographer at Grand Rapids with one of the largest commission houses in the world. Tiring of the business world she left the city and went to the country home of her parents, She was elected State Superintendent of the Young Peoples Suffrage Association of Michigan, which office she still holds. She has also held many prominent of- fices in the W. O. T. U. and other temperance organizations. In 1910 she came to Valpo where for the past two years she has been a gg-:ai-LHR student of the Educational Department. OMER E. POLK ' Austin, Indiana Omer E. Polk was born about Feb. 28, 1889, on a farm in Scott Co., Ind. Austin is his P. O., farming, his calling-thus far. Having attended the public schools at home, and two years at Scottsburg High School, he landed in Valpo in 1906. Witli attendance somewhat like the chills-intermittent-Mr. Polk graduates this year with the Pedagogues. With a. little teaching and less money. Indiana University will probably be his next stopping place, educa- tionally. 137 -eel' '1-B?" " THURMAN B. RICE Debutant in society of Hanfield. Ind.. during season of 1888 A. D. , Very popular at the time. Fed well, grew rapidly for some summers. Chiefly noted for snub nose, freckles and red hair. Bloomed forth 1906 as graduate of Wagfiie High School. Very important at that time. Lead various hopefuls i11 the way o wise om X 1906-1908. B. Marion Normal College 1909. Principal Mt. Etna High School 1909.-Bremen H. S. 1910. "For better or for worse" 1910. Y Supt. of Wheeler' Schools 1910-1912. B. Pg. Valparaiso University 1912. JAMES CALHOUN RICE Charleston, Miss. Little James was born and cracked his first smile at Cascilla. Mississippi, sometime during the 2-1 hours of August 41th. 1890. Presently his home is in Charleston, Mississippi. where his father is established as a noted planter. During 1905-1906 and 1907-1908 Rice was a student in Missis- sippi College. also attended summer school for two summers in Tulone Sum- mer School. At Mississippi College he distinguished himself as president of the Sophomore class and historian on the Annual staff. He held the position as principal of the Quolle School and Castor School in the state of Louisiana. ln the fall of 1911 Rice made his way to Valparaiso University to take up a special course in Education work. Among his fellow students and class of this school he made himselt so prominent as an orator that the class did not as principal of the Qwolle School and Castor School in the state of Louisiana. hesitate to elect him as their class orator. They elected him president of their society. Next fall Mr. Rice will teach in the state of Mississippi. La Fontaine. Ind. f ' 1 fia cross-roads school house Still living at the time this was written. 138 - CARL H. RITTENHOUSE W3l'1'811, Ind. Carl H. Rittenhouse was born June 3, 1888, at Huntington, Indiana. He was a farmer by birth. WOI'li6Cl on a farm until he was eighteen years of age. Then having finished his high school course at Lancaster, he came to Valparaiso for his first college training. He taught three years in the coin- mon schools of Huntington County, Indiana. He then canie to Valparaiso for work in the Scientific Course. This he finished and was graduated in 1911. Last year he taught in the Vlfawaka High School. Feeling that he could not yet leave Valparaiso, he is again at work, and will finish the Educational Course this year. He Will teach again for a while, after which he will enter some university. probably Indiana or Purdue. EDNA S. RITENOUR Dilbeck, Virginia On January 29th-she says at least sixteen years ago-Edna brightened a Virginia home. She spent four years at Eastern College, graduating with an A. B. degree. She came to Valpo in 1909 and that year finished as a Classic. This year she graduates as a Pg. B. Wliat next? She speaks of teaching, but if another trip to Ohio is enjoyed. we fear more than a "ring story" will result. 130 Dilbeck, Virginia SERAPHINE C. RITENOUR Seraphine is sure she was born March 3, and that she is older than her l 0 l lated u ith the same degree. sister. She attended the same college ant was grae 1' ' . , D After teaching two years she entered Valpo and was graduated from the Edu- cational with us. Her specialty is Art, and if she can only keep her heart HJ involved in this. others will be benefitted by her ability. I CHARLES SCHURR Bremen, Ind. Chas Schurr first saw light gleam among the beautiful valleys of the Mishawalia Hills, Mishawiaka, Indiana, March 10, 1887. His mother says the iirst thing he did was to cry, but you would hardly believe it now. At the ave of four he moved with his parents near Bremen, Ind., where he has been tv at home more or less since. He was a member of the 1907 graduating class ot the Bremen High School. He made his lucky appearance in Valpo in 1908. Since then most of his time has been spent at school work either teaclnng or attending school. He expects to pursue along educational lines and hopes to rank among the A. Bfs in the future. 140 GEORGE A. SPARKS Valparaiso, lnd. Hope, they say, deserts us at no period of our existence. From first to last and in the tace of smarting disillusions, we continue to expect good for- tune, better health and better conductg and that so confidently, that we judge it needless to deserve them. lt is improbable that George A. Sparks will ever write like Shakespeare. conduct an army like Hannibal. or distinguish him- selt like Marcus Aurelius in the paths of virtueg and yet he has his by-days, hope prompting. when he is very ready to believe that he shall combine all these various excellences in his own person, and go marching down to posterity with divine honours. Step by step, from the lowa farm and the district school, through the high school, nornial school, and four years of university work, he has made his way. Only Time and the unknown Future can reveal what is in store for him. N IRGINIA PAAFFE Antlers, Okla. The writer of this sketch is to deal strictly with t'Taffy." lt can be said, however, without any tatfy that the subject of this sketch is one of the niost modest, ambitious and studious of our excellent co-ed population. Mis Virginia Taafr"e's home is in Texarkana, Texas. She has a heart of human synipathy and hope that in extent is strikingly analogous to the broad plains of the Lone Star state. Miss Taaffe, Taffy or Tat, as she is otherwise affectionately known, received most of her early training through private tutoring. She has been in this University for eight terms and finishes with a Pg. B. degree. She was chosen to act as prophetess for her class. Many questions were asked by the representative of the Annual concern- ing the future. This niuch was finally extracted: She will probably com- plete the B. S. course in this University, and will then pursue higher work in Columbia or Chicago University. Then? Echo answers, HTHENV' 141 ALICE ELNORA TONER Edon. Ohio Alice Elnora Toner began life in tl1e garden of Edon. VVillia1ns County, Ohio, December 22. 1886. She has eaten all of the fruit of the "Garden," but came to Valparaiso to eat of the fruit ot the tree of knowledge, Previous to coming to Valparaiso she attended the Tri-State College at Angola. Ind. Here she became fired with ambition to instruct young America. and thus became a pedagogue. This calling she followed for some time, holding the position of principal of the Central School of Bryan. Ohio, for four years. Miss Toner came to this University in September. 1910, since which time she has been a diligent student. doing work principally in the Educational Course from which she graduates this year. Having completed her course she will return to the place of her nativity and engage in instructing the youthful Adams and Eves, EL PON DALE WELLS Berrien Springs, Michigan f Elton Dale Wells was born in Berrien Springs. Michigan. He obtained his early education here, and was graduated with honors from the High School. After teaching a year he enrolled in Albian College, Albian, Mich. Here he soon became a member of the Forum Literary Society. He took an active part in its work and also became a participator in local debates. The next year. 1911, Mr. Wells did not go back to Albian, but entered Valparaiso University. His previous character and training made it easy for him to follow with the habits of industry and enthusiasm which mark this institution. During his student life here he has taught American History a part of the time. Social conditions a11d political questions have an especial interest for him. and his aims, both in his life as a student and in his service as a teacher are to be practical and scientific. Mr. Wells has accepted a position for next year in the school of Oelwein, Iowa. ln the future he will go on with his school work in some University of the Middle West or East. 142 LLO YD H. ZIEGLER In the years to come Hoosierdom will doubtless be aware of the honor done to her when Lloyd H. Ziegler began life within her borders at Bippus. "Zig,' bothered the teachers of that place the usual number of years and com- pleted his educational foundation by graduating from the High School. He spent the next two years in teaching Hyoung ideas how to shoot" in the schools of his own county, after which he entered Valparaiso University in 1909. During his time- here he has taken a course in Higher Mathematics, which probably accounts for his ability to work all the "stickers" in Astron- omy. Besides this he has done his best to preserve the base ball pennant for Scientific Class by disabling two fingers for the cause. Next year he will hold the position of Supt. of Schools in l1is home town. He intends complete ing a course at Indiana University, entering next summer. CAROLYN VVHITLOCK Valparaiso, Ind. Carolyn Wliitlock, a Porter County product. was reared in the shadow of the Vale of Paradise. ln this environment she has been quite responsive. After having attended the public schools she was graduated from 'Valparaiso High. She later entered the University and in 1910 was graduated from both the Scientific and Classic Classes. After having spent a year at Chicago University, where she specialized in English, Latin, and Mathematics, Miss Wliitlocli returned to Old Valpo to join the ranks of the 1912 Educationals. Bippus, Ind. 143 "it I PRESIDENTS ADDRESS Omer Fellow Classmates and Fellow Students: BEGIN, let me warn you not to expect anything new or. startling. It I suggest, or remind you of ,fgey something which may turinsh tood tor later thought, my desire will be fulfilled. There are few things which you know better than the fact that you have been in school during the past two or three years. Your very presence evidently means some- thing. Wliy are you here? W'hat does it mean? From the nature ot things, the reasons must be closely related to some phase of life. For, in these days of intensive living, anything very tar removed from everyday lite finds little room in our thought. I wish to present to your minds again what I consider the three commonest reasons for college attendance: first, the love of culture for culture's sakeg second, the desire for better cognition, third, that fundamental thing in luunan nature which we call the instinct to progress. Passing by the tlrst two, I wish you to see again that the college man adds to the total wealth and happiness ot society. I think it is a true assertion that most, a large majority, of inventions and discoveries which have revolutionized thought E. 1-14 Polk and action were made by men who had a liberal, or at least a secondary. education. These men, knowing the current thought, and being abreast the advancement in their respect- begin work-. on the work ive iields ot endeavor. knew when and where to Thus advancement was made.-each one building ot his predecessor. The extent to which this is true may be seen when we pause for a moment, and consider that in no line of work is there an absolute dearth of educated people. So, gradually, and in late years quite rapidly, has t.he feeling grown that the college man has a distinct advantage in the struggle ot life. It is a well known truth that in nature no conscious thing is at a. standstill. There is either a progression or a retro- gression. In school as elsewhere, a selective progress is in opera- tion, and if a student is not a progressive he is discarded. Thus no student can remain in school a number of terms in succes- sion and not develop. A slow growth towards complete self- realization will occur. Consciously or unconsciously. he will begin to apprehend the nature ot a Universal Being, and recog- nize that he will truly Iind himself only in the service of others. Then, as teachers and learners, let us cheerfully pass out into the great school of lite, in which "living is learning, and the Great Spirit himself the teacher." HISTORY OF THE EDUCATIONAL CLASS Harold Brady J olmson 'Ei-:Q GIVE a full history ot the Class ot Nineteen '. Twelve would require a volume, while the genius of i 't b r w ill l ni' nd 2. fittin' in nument. IM matt, is mem e s otrc te a 1 g o D . JA N-,Lai However, a few clippings from the Muse ot History -1 must suffice. The Class was organized during the winter term. Since then many meetings have been held, and much enthusiasm has always been displayed. A large and strong class was antici- pated. At the first election of officers, Mr. Elton Wells was chosen president and Miss Margaret Anderson secretary. For the next term Mr. Heber Cummings was president and the sec- retary was Miss Bertha R. Adams. During this term Mr. J. C. Rice was selected for Class Orator. At the same time Mr. Wells began his duties as business manager of' the Class Au- nual, for the Educational Class. Early in this term Mr.. Omer E. Polk was elected president for the summer term, with Miss Lulu Love as the secretary. The Class Day officers are as follows: President, Mr. Omer E. Polkg Orator, Mr. J. C. Rice, Poet, Miss Alma Chind- lundg Prophet, Miss Virginia Taaffeg Historian, Mr. Harold Brady Johnson. The Class has gradually assumed greater unity and strength as the year advanced. Under the able management of the ofdcers the aifairs of this class began to hum from the 5 start, and are still humming as this goes to prcss. The Educational Class has no ball team and no yells. Rather, it is known by its unassuming though dignified members. lt is, without dispute, the most intelligent body of prospective high school superintendents, principals and teachers, that ever went forth from Valparaiso University. Many brilliant recitations have been made during the year, and some new theories or doctrines have been propounded that the professors never dreamed of knowing, and which are far in advance ot the civil- ization of the time. Such a collection of scholarly men and women has never been equalled since the time of Pestalozzi, Froebel ,and Herbart. Most of the advancement of civilization for the next century can be attributed to this class. The real history of the class was not all made at the class meetings, but much of it was made while the members were alone at their desks. Through many hours of discouragement and dejection we have labored steadily onward, and, as time passed by. the real importance of our labors began to be more apparent. Each victory achieved over a difficult task gave us renewed courage to overcome each succeeding task. School associations play an important part in the forma- tion of character. Few are fitted by nature and culture to mould the minds and hearts of others. Scores of our greatest men attribute their success in life not to natural gifts nor environment, nor books, nor methods, but to the towering inHu- ence and personality of some instructor of their school days. The inspiration of a high purpose and the beauty of a sincere life has been Within the reach of us throughout our stay at Valparaiso. This refers to our worthy Dean, Prof. George W. Neet. His noble thoughts and influence have given a meaning to our lives that will always cling to us. There are but few men who could lift us to so high a plane of thought and action as this one who has instructed thousands of young teachers in the ways of correct teaching. As he ha.s impressed 'd d b him so will they in turn inlin- those who have been gui e y , ence those who come under their instruction. Thus his influ- ence is quietly felt in every state of the Union. Most of the members of our class will likely engage in the noblest of professions, that of teaching. In the discharge ' ld R le of their duties may they always remember the Go en u and the Great Teacher. Interior of Library 146 CLASS POEIVI Alma Helen Chindlund -1-5557 N LOOKING through the Book of Life, ' And scanning chapters of past ages, l l We find them rent with War and strife While sin and ignorance mar their pag But when Progress opes the portals And grants a View of our own time, We see the minds of modern mortals In eager search for truths sublime. Hence the paths of knowledge broaden And Ignorance from her stronghold turns, As each earnest knowledge gleaner To Minerva incense burns. For living is itself a learning, And life itself is but a school, The World Father is the teacher, The lesson is the Golden Rule. It is said the Web of life Of a mingled yarn is wound, May both warp and Woof in us Of a true blue dye be found. We revere the noble teachers Who essayed to guide the race From the state of savage creatures To its present powerful place. No less honor do we to those Who have taught us in our youth, And revealed 'to us the freedom Which alone is'-born of truth. The precious lessons they have taught us We shall ne'er hope to repay, Save by giving them to others, To children of a future day. Let us then in tripping measures Leave our Alma Mater's halls, Eagerly to share the treasures We have gained within its Walls. And at last when comes our summons To depart this mortal sphere, May we leave it gladly knowing We have done our duty here! THE JEFFERSONIAN IDEA Jas. C. Rice ,151 OVERNMENT is the result of a series of experi- ! ments. Sometimes an experiment in government f'f'il proves a success, and the principle thus established is therefore incorporated in law. Again, just as in any other science, an experiment in government very often brings about very disastrous results. The cause pro- ducing this result is then sought for so that future generations may be spared a repetition of the experiment. lt is my purpose to inquire into the nature of that system of government proposed by the matchless Virginian States- man, Thomas Jefferson. I shall not attempt to review with you the histories of s11cl1 excellent republican forms of govern- ment as that instituted by the Republics of Greece and Rome, interesting as they are, but shall content myself with the study of conditions in these United States of America, or better the federated state of America. Wlieii the convention, that was to frame a new system of government for this country first met in Philadelphia,l it was known even then that the principles later so enthusiastically advocated by Jefferson were also dear to the great mass of American people. This Jeffersonian idea of government in fact, takes its very origin from a. sincere belief in the integrity of the citizenship in general. It seems to assume that no government can rise far above the intelligence of its citizens. This question itself has occupied the time and attention of more than one of the sages of the past. Plato very forcibly argued that only the philosophers or the enlightened few, should be permitted to participate in the affairs of government. Even in our own country we had men to argue, 'tThat England, in spite of all her corruption with her monarchial system, was the best example of efficient government in the whole world." Hence, we see that the question is not at all a one-sided matter. We instituted a supreme court in this country' with no thought whatever, of ever having it to arrogate unto itself the right to pass upon the constitutionality of an act of con- gress. Really. this very feature was brought up in thc cone vention and was promptly voted down. Yet, in spite of' this fact in less than a. quarter of a century after the formation of this government, it was generally considered a. business of the Supreme Court to act exactly contrary to the principles upon which it was founded. The only question I wish to raise here is whether or not the welfare of the great rank and file of American people has been brought to a higher plane by thus changing the original functions of this great body, whether it is better to have some higher legislative body than Congress. Our Supreme Court today makes and unmakes laws at its own pleasure. From the day that the Dred Scott decision was ren- dered down to the present time, Congress has been wondering with the passage of each law, whether or not it will be able to pass our Supreme Court, and yet preserve its nature as de- signed by the legislative body. This idea ot government further assumed t.hat a nation- wide system ot public schools is indispensable where the people are to share the responsibilities of government.. I say a nation-wide system to distinguish from a. national system, for it was then, and is still held by many to be a matter that each state should see to when it comes to the education of the cit- izen. No such change as we have noted in the Supreme Court is to be found in this phase of our American life. It is true that our National Government has assumed the responsibility of educating the Indian, but more through a sense ot owing the debt than with the object of making a capable, useful cit- izen of him. In spite of the fact that a portion of this country has within its borders millions of a race that are foreign to Fair Columbia, We have no department in our government that attempts to give them a chance to become an educated race. I am not advocating for this race the same kind of education that is given to other races of America. All that I want to show is the fact that the evolution of certain phases of our government has gone on while other parts have remained still. Is it better to raise the Supreme Court far above the infiuence of the great mass of people than to devise a system ot education that will permit the people to grow with the institutions? Woultl it be profitable to have a National Department of Ed- uca.tion with a yearly appropriation say, of only one twentieth of that used by the War Department in preparing to fight fu- ture enemies? There are great problems of this nature that seem entirely too comprehensive for any one state to deal with. Certainly, no state should be held responsible for the education of a race that it had no part in bringing to that state. Again, this idea would have us bring the highest oiticials elected by a state down on a common level with minor officials. We would be expected to send men to the United States Senate who had been approved by the majority of the citizens from the state represented. Wlien one reflects on recent events, l1e is almost astounded at the simplc suggestion. 'When he thinks of the United States Senator who was elected more because of his fund of rich anecdotes than because of his ability as El states- man, when he recalls the election of a man whose only qualifi- cations for the position consisted of a wordy vocabulary of ad- jectives, and used in denunciation of an unfortunate, infe- rior race in order to arouse the prejudice of the unthinking mass. I say, when one reiiects upon the character of the men sometimes elected by our party primary system, he is almost ready to hold up his hands in holy horror at the thought of putting such weighty matters any nearer the common herd. Yet, the question isn't wholly one-sided here, we have the sad spectacle of a United States Senator elected by his own state legislature to the U. S. Senate without instructions from a primary, openly charged on the floors of this great deliberative body with l1aving used bribery to obtain his scat. We have also witnessed the painful situation of having an ex-President indicted before the public mind of cooperating with wealthy individuals to derive undue advantage from the government. Upon the eve of a presidential elec- tion the rumors fly thick and fast that our President, notwithstanding our Civil Service rules. has martialed the government employes to a man that he may still retain pow- er. We hear it proclaimed in both the great parties of this country that great capitalists are trying to dictate the nomina- tion of a presidential candidate, to the end that undue protec- tion may be afforded their business. My friends, such are the conditions at the present time. It should afford no patriotic American any pleasure simply to go into such dreadful facts if there is not some lesson to be learn- ed. Are we making a mistake? Have our officials become intoxicated on authority usurped from the constitution, or is it only a dark, threatening cloud just before the dawn of a beautiful day that obscures our vision? Out of this discord and strife, many new parties have sprung, proposing that a more popular government should be inauguratedg one of these has gone so far as to promise in its national platform a system of government wherein trusts and combines cannot exist. Since the fore part of this discussion was written the mighty influence of public opinion has been forced upon the most dignified assembly of our national legislative body in a more forcible manner, perhaps, than ever witnessed by that body in previous years, resulting in the expulsion of one of thc most powerful politicians in America today from the United States Senateg this too, in spite of the fact that he was ardently sup- ported by the wealthiest men of our country. Just a fortnight or so ago, Senator Bailey said: L'This republic is near a crisis which is greater than the wisest men think. I do not forget that the French Revolution came while the governors were at the theater, and that they arose from their banquet tables to come face to face with violence and bloodshed in the streets of Paris. I do not say that the U. S. is facing such a state of affairs, but I do maintain that if within the next thirty years the country should continue to change as it has in the last, We will find ourselves face to face with such a condition at the end of that time." I am glad I do not share in the pessimism of Mr. Bailey, for I believe any government is safe when pub- lic sentiment can be so aroused as to stir to action the most dignified of our public officials, when we can still appreciate the democratic sentiments as expressed by the most democratic of poets, Burns: 'LFrom scenes like these old Scotia 's grandeur springs. That makes her loved at home, rever'd abroad: Princes and lords are but the breath of kings "An honest man 's the noblest work of Godf' And certes, in fair virtues heavenly road, The cottage leaves the palace far behind, Wliat is a lordling's pomp? a cumbrous load, Disguising oft the wretch of human kind, Studied in arts of hell, in wickedness 1'9i116Cll-Q Then, my friends. "if you doubt not through the ages one increasing purpose runs, and the thoughts of men are broaden- ing with the process of the suns," and if you believe there is a.n evolution in the life of a nation just as in that of an individ- ual, then you must agree that out of this period of transition- out of this seeming stage of chaos and disorder. will finally evolve a higher plane of national life, with absolute- freedom of the individual as the ultimate end. FATE'S STEAM ROLLER Virginia Taafe ,im-veg. SAT me down one day in July I W The fate of my classmates to prophecy. QA A be-gl I first courted my muse, she declined her aid, wjlt jf So an attempt without her assistance was made. How I succeeded you may soon judge But I'll premise a hint,-It's all sheer fudge. Methinks most prophets affect too much sense And often paint future 's prophecy wearily dense. The first of these sins have no fear I'll commit For I am just a plain woman sans wit, Rieluctantly reading your scrolls of fate, Attempting in meter my finds to relate. I've no serious thot, save a desire to amuse, So don 't take things to heart when these lines you peruse. And if when you read this, you deem me perverse, Take this little pill, t'It might have been worse." Now Ifll turn fortunes wheel and read as .I can Something of fate's store for each woman and man. The irst great name that revolved on my wheel, Was that of a classmate whose fame shall be real. A Cumming-star chemist whose renown shall ne'er dim, For the solvent of all things shall be found by him. The next stride in Science, I learn, shall be made By L. V. MacDonald, H. B. C.'s first aidg For when the solvent of the universe is found, L. V. shall discover vvherein't shall be bound. On the wheel I next see the name, Esther Krost, And first read that she at sea shall be lost. But pause a moment, there 's cause for great glee, That threatening gulf's but a nuptial sea. Then here comes the bouncing "Bernice M. Farmerl' Whose grown so obese, it's begun to alarm her. 1 She shall perfect a mould to grow mortals in To develop them gracefully, stately, and thin. Josie Hall next stopped the slow moving wheel, She shall teach the world sincerely to feel, Be it fire or fever, or frivolous show, It is best always to "make haste slow." To my pleasant surprise there was Mary Cobb. Electrician on Mars! Yes, and holding her job Because she converted tin gods of all lands To admit the justice of Hequal rights" demands. Here my wheel acted strangely and ere I winked twice Had belched forth together two forms of Rice. James C. who fromlthe far Southland hails And's proud of himself as a cat with two tails, Because of his adeptness in saying 'tYo a lial1," Shall be chosen to lead T. Rfs calliope choir: T. B. whose initials might stand for true blue, Teddy Bear or tin bucket, or tainted brew Is the other Rice, to be man of the hour Wlien he shall lower the price of cereal flower. We've now had enough of these favored sons. Representing the cereal thatls shot from guns One of the Graces next met 1ny eyes, Like the famous Portia a justice wise, A classmate whom all shall, be proud to own, Our efficient coworker, Grace K. Doane. The wheel now turned at a. marvelous rate And a. shower of Sparks revealed Geo.'s fate. Not an artist in oils as many surmise, But a skillful maker of cakes and pies. Next I saw on the scroll of fame Where there glistened bright a well known name, For "Y, W." work, written high above, Our much revered sister, Lulu L. Love. Another bright name appeared on that scroll. A Fairy Queen shall attain a high goal. For her odes to Spencer Miss Chiudlund 's selected, A national poet as we'd all expected. When next the wheel on its axis spun I saw the model of a wonderful gun Witli which Uncle Sam his battles could win, ' The make of Butler, Bisbee and Bolotin. The Anderson sisters I am glad to relate Shall be pursued by no unkind fate. I see them teaching the youths at school To drink right deep of Lcarning's rich pool. Miss Adams shall charm all her sex with her art In advising young maids 'gen affairs of the heart. Lloyd Ziegler shall the second Diogenese be, Scanning closely each man or maid he may see To find if he can one soul of truth, But shall die without gaining the hope of his youth, The wheel now refused to turn, by Jove. So I into dreamland did idly rove. When it moved again I saw f'Gassoway" The Nightingale of a future day, Misses Padgett, Mathena and Peterson Who shall fight for suffrage till victoryls won, Miss Mattson, Miss Freely and Lewis Lombard Who in foreign lands shall labor hard To teach young heathens American tricks Of 2-plussing 3 and making it six, Miss Edith Pfeiffer who in her home town Shall be an M. D. of wide renown, Blackburn, Smith, De Wane and I-Iolden From their cigarette forest shall gain lucre golden- While Lucas, and Froemming and Omer E. Polk Shall rid our dear land of the practical joke, The Rittenour trio shall settle on Mars And run airship excursions to the various stars, Our classmates Park, Hansen and Moss Shall each strive to win as political boss, J. O. Mitchell the genial friend of each one Shall continue the fishing in school days begung What think you tl Our classmate Elton D. Wells Shall be a real dandy with Washington belles, In opera, greatness shall seek Alice Toner 7 And all her classinetes will be glad to own her. Messrs. Mona and John and Kilcoyne and Shurr Shall be "budge" doctors of Stoic fur. Miss Fisher, a chemist of ability rare Shall discover a preventive of age and care. And last came Miss Whitlock, our dear Carolyn Spending her life in an effort to "shine" Now the Wheel stopped for good, its half after 'leven I'1n thru I exclaimed. i'Tha.nk goodness and heaven. Now I've jingled a lot, and nothing I've said, But you ean't get out what's not in your head. And if when you hear this you go down in de Hmout, Just reniernber old Jonah, he caine out pretty stout. V 'A """" -'--wwf'-ww"-' ' H i' W WMM", ML . ll A 1 A 4,4 -. 3 153 l THE EDUCATIONAL OUTLOOK liaccalaureate by Prof. G. VV. Neet. DUCATION has been characterized as self-develop- d eal'-V! ment for selfhood and social service. But such has not always been the educational ideal. Various educational ideals as to the nature and function ot education have prevailed in the minds of leading educators throughout the different stages of civic evolution. These ideals have been the result of various causes found in the civilization in which the educational endeavors of the times had their setting. At one time the being to be educated was in abject slavery to fossilized tradition, at another time and in another place he was in subjection to a multitude of trivial conventionalities which required a lifetime to learn and which were utterly Without reason in social or individual vvellbeingg at another time and place he was subordinated to the state, the state as a social organization, counting for everything and the individual human being for nothingg at another time and place he was dominated by the religious sentiment that the present life is of little importance, everything is preparation for a life beyond of transcendent importanceg again, he was controlled by the idea that he was born in sin of sinful parents and thus his instincts and inclinations were sinful. Therefore, a priori, what the individual Wanted to do and liked to do was evil, and so he should per force be made to do what he disliked to do and should be kept from doing what he enjoyed. ferr", In all these stages of the evolution of the educational ideal, the practice of education in endeavor and method cor- responded to a greater or less extent with the ideal of that stage. Thus it appears that the educational ideal does not re- main the same age after age, but growsg and one can easily suspect that this growth is not chaotic. but is in harmony with more or less well established laws. Having once discovered what the fundamental law of educational evolution is, and hav- ing traced the evolution of education according to this law up to the present stage, one can predict with a greater or less de- gree of certainty what the not very remote future of education will be. An analysis of the stages of educational evolution up to the present reveals its fundamental law as the increase in liberty of the individual to be educated under the law in both extent and content. It is true, of course, that the way of ed- ucational evolution has often been zigzag. Sometimes move- ments have been retrograde ones, but in each 'stage signs of more freedom for more persons are to be discovered. This law analyzed reveals the following elements: 1. The de- velopment of the individual through self-activity. 2. The being to be educated is social and is to remain social. 3. Lib- erty is liberty only in harmony with law. ' There is no reason to believe that the nature of education- al evolution in the future will differ radically from-what it has been in the past. On the other hand there are many reasons for believing that in general character it will remain the same. Wliat then is to be expected of the future of education which is near enough at hand to affect us l? And along what lines will changes in the proximate future occur, that is, what is the present educational outlook? Unless the signs of the times are deceptive in their educa- tional intimations changes that are now occuring along the following lines will continue to occur: 1. The attitude of the educational ideal toward the school curriculum. 2. The attitude of the educational ideal toward the in- dividuality of the learner, , 3. The attitude of the educational ideal toward morality. 4. The attitude of the educational ideal toward special- ization. 5. The attitude of the educational ideal toward the teach- QP. That the attitude of the educational ideal toward the school course has changed and is now changing is a matter of common observation unknown to those only who are not awake to educational progress. The liberal curriculum of the mid- dle ages consisted of language, mathematics and music. The modern liberal curriculum consists of natural science, math- ematics, language a11d history, in the main. 'fThese two cur- ricula differ from each other as modern and mediaeval life. The one is formal fitting for verbal disputationsg the other is real fitting for social service. To the mediaeval life the mod- 155 ern ' world has added progress in science, indicating that man is now a citizen of earth as well as of heaven. The mod- ern life beginning with the Renaissance has also been con- scious of the continuity of human development as revealed in history. So the modern curriculum as effect and cause of mod- ern life, has added to the mediaeval curriculum the subjects of natural science and history." 'tContinually before our eyes is the spectacle of a chang- ing curriculum. It means that society, as it grows, is ever developing new needs, and the school is hastening to meet them." 'tThe modification going on in the method and cur- riculum of education is as much an effort to meet the needs of the new society that is forming, as are changes in modes of industry and commerce." There is, also, much unrest and shifting of subjects in the curriculum of the elementary schools. New subjects are occasionally added and old ones are considered better suited to different stages of development from the ones in which they are usually taught. HOur increasing knowledge of the child 's mind, his muscular and nervous system, and his special senses points indubitably to the conclusion that reading and writing are sub- jects which do not belong to the early years of school lite, but to a later period, and that other subjects now studied later are better adapted to this early stage ot development." And so with drawing and arithmetic. The verdict of genetic psychology is that nature study, oral history, oral literature, and the free activity of the larger movements of the body, as in mainial training should consti- tute the school curriculum in the main for about the first tour years of the childs school life, and that reading. writing. spell- ing. drawing and arithmetic should come later. In the high schools of our country the changes going on in the curriculum are not less marked. They constantly tend towards the more liberal. More courses are being offered year after year. Latin is falling more into disfavor. German is replacing it as a language study. English courses, scien- tific courses, practical courses containing no Latin are made elective. Mathematics as discipline is not so widely worship- ped. Some skeptical thinkers are even daring to suggest. that some students might enjoy good health, be handsome, make a comfortable living, be efficient members of society. live happily and go to heaven when they die without knowing any Latin and Greek and without having studied mathematics above arithmetic, algebra and elementary geometry. In some high schools in the U. S., on good authority, as many as fifty different courses are offered, each leading to graduation and a diploma. In the universities growing changes in the curriculum are as evident as are those of the elementary and high schools. The Mediaeval university gave courses in law, medicine and theology. In the large universities of to-day a. man could not in a lifetime pursue all the courses oiered. In 1850 there was not a university in the U. S. from which a student. could obtain a degree Without having studied Greek or Latin or both in the university. In 1890 fewer than 40 per cent of the graduates had been students of Greek and Latin in the university. And now, 1912, a student may graduate from a splendid university and obtain his A. B. or A. M. With not more than seventy-two weeks of language other than his mother tongue. K The fact to which all these changes in the school curric- ulum point is the larger development of the individual through self-activity, t.his same self-activity being called forth by a more flexible and a. more rational stimulus. Not less than the growing change in the school curriculum is the change in the educational ideal toward the individual- ity of the learner. Education in the U. S. costs approximately fF600,000,000. annually or something near 5575.00 per capita of t.he population. But with all this outlay and with the large army of earnest men and women who are teaching, educational endeavor in the U. S. is not very satisfactory in result as to extent. Fewer than forty per cent. of t.he population ever attain to an elementary school education consisting of eight years workg fewer than ten per cent. obtain a high school education and fewer than one-half of one per cent. obtain a college ed- ucation. t'Despite the fact that America stands for the education of man a.s man, in practice our society falls distressingly short of this lofty ideal. As Professor Dewey writes, thardly one per cent. of the entire school population ever attains to what we call a higher educationg only five per cent. to the grade 'of our high schoolg while much more than half leave on or before the completion of the fifth year of the elementary gradef Thus liberal education to-day in the freest of lands and at the acme of historic educational progress is still for the few and not for the many, as it was in the old unchristian days of Aristotle." There are many reasons for this failure of education to reach such a large number of people. First, there is a rem- nant yet of an old time sentiment that universal education is not to be desired, manifested among the uneducated in the common expression that education causes people to be "stuck up," that is, makes them undemocraticg and manifested to some extent among educated people in the argument that ed- ucation makes people dissatisfied. Secondly, there is a -rather large number of people con- genitally defective, unfortunates who are not born with such potential ability that they can ever attain to any considerable degree ot education. But by far the largest class of those who leave school are driven from school by work not adapted to the stage of devel- opment or the individuality of the particular learner. The curse of our schools has been the insistency on uniformity of product through uniformity of method. A human being is a complex of capacities consisting of physical, intellectual, aesthetic, social, moral and religious as- pects. In the absence of potentiality in any one aspect, the endeavor to develop the individual in that direction is doomed to failure from the start. People may be weak physically, aesthetically, or religiously because they can not be other- wise. This is all well known to many people. But that the intellect of many people possesses potentialities in some di- rections and lacks potentialities in other directions is a fact not usually recognized in educational endeavor. It is near at hand in time, I think, that educational effort will recognize the differences in the aspects of intellectual power of the in- dividual learnerg that some who can never learn Latin or Greek to any successful degree may be strong in science, literature, sociology, ethics, psychology and history and that some who can not learn higher mathematics to any successful degree may be strong in Latin, Greek, literature, natural sci- ence, psychology, economics, sociology and ethics. In short the time seems near at hand when neither the Bridge, nor the theorem of Pythagoras is to continue to be regarded as the Pons Assinorum .of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, when the worth of the individual learner is no longer to be estimated by his ability to learn dead languages nor abstract mathemat- icsg when the fallacy of studying dead languages for formal discipline or for an aid to the correct use of the mother tongue will be known and acted upon by the many as it is now known and acted upon by the few, when the fallacy of pure mathe- matics as the discipline of pure reasoning in other lines than ma.thematical, ceases to be the altar upon which bright intel- lects in other lines of mental endeavor are sacritied in high schools and colleges almost everywhere. There thus is in the present educational tendency the potency and promise of an i11- tellectual freedom with a new and fuller meaning than has ever been accorded the idea. The1'e are stages in civic evolution well known to the stu- dent of civilization through which every civilization which lasts long enough must pass. There -is first a stage known as the military-religious in which civil society is governed by the church and the army. There is a second stage known as the liberal-legal stage in which society enjoys a large degree of liberty under well established constitutional law. ln this stage the wea.lth of a nation increases rapidly, individual initiative and individual endeavor are encouraged in the establishment of industrial enterprises. Out of the growth of wealth, com- bination and the pressure of population many economics and moral problems arise, and persistently press for solution. Civilization then soon passes into the economic-ethical stage. There are many unmistakable indications that the people of our country are passing into the economic-ethical stage of civic evolution. Thus the pressing problems for solution are soon to be economic and ethical ones. I Society demands and the school supplies. The industrial schools springing up over the country are not an accident. They are born of a persistent and timely demand for a solution of our present economic problems. And the ethical problems. while not so obtrusive just at present as the economic, will soon persistently demand solution. Crime in the United States, according to our best sociologists and criminologists is on the increase, not mere misdemeanors, but felonies as well as misdemeanors, contrary statements frequently heard, not- withstanding. Our schools will meet and solve to some degree these ethical problems sooner or later. The outlook is that the struggle will be on in the near future. Formal moral instruction in the schools of the United States at the present occupies a very insignificant place. There is nearly none. Morality is taught only incidentally. In this important respect the schools of Japan are superior to ours. In all grades from the first elementary ones to the university courses, they are said to teach morals formally. That there is need for such instruction in our schools even now can not bc doubted. The corruption in politics, the intem- perance evils, the dishonesty in business affairs, the convenient conscience which sleeps so persistently and soundly when truth telling promises to condict with business success are all evi- dences of the need of formal moral education. It certainly is very discouraging to one trying to be truthful and honest to know how much lying and dishonesty are practiced by honored members of the community who could' and should be truthful and honest. The progress of civilization consists in part in producing the expert and in training the members of society to appreciate his value. The expert must be a specialistg one who can do something of value to society better than it can be done by citizens at large. This has been called the age of specialists, but it is a safe prediction that the near future will be more worthy of the characterization than the time of the present. But. society is awakening to the need of an educated specialist, and the specialist of the near future promises to be such. The specialist of the present in entirely too many instances knows little of anything else except his specialty. The demand of society, which the schools of the near future must supply, is the man first liberally educated, and who then has become the specialist. The man of liberal education and culture, then the specialist is to be the expert of the future. Schools which send teachers, preachers, doctors, lawyers, engineers, pharmacists and farmers and tradesmen into society without liberal educa- tion and culture will have a much smaller field of usefulness henceforth than in the past. Indeed their field of usefulness has always been much smaller than usually supposed. They have done some good, but they have also done much harm. They have not by any means been an unmixed blessing. The outlook is for a much wider extended liberal education and culture for the specialist before specialization and this is prox- imate in time. "First a man, then a workmang first be, then do, first make life worth living, then make a living in lifeg first right- eousness, joy. and peace in the inner man, then an abundance of possessions. The lawyer. the doctor, the engineer are men as well as p1'ofessionalists. They are citizens, they are friends, they have homes, they live in the wonderful world, and their horizon should not be limited by the court room, the hospital and the factory. Just as specialization with a broad basisiis the highest safety of society, so specialization with a narrow basis is a menace to societyfi "A man 's mind is as fatally narrowed, his feelings toward the great ends of humanity as miserably stunted, by giving all his thoughts to the classification of a few insects, or the resolu- tion of a few equations, as to sharpening the points or putting on the heads of pins." ' Society demands specialists as teachers just as much as it demands specialists for lawyers, doctors, surgeons, dentists, engineers and bankers. But the case of the teacher in society at present is unique. He in most cases goes into his work without either a liberal or special education. Not having ex- tended his pursuit of knowledge and culture far enough to be liberally educated, and with little or no special training in the science and art of education, he still is permitted to attempt to teach. And in no other field of special endeavor is so much bungling work permitted nor done. There are schools which are now, and for years have been, sending many men and women out to teach who have only a meager liberal education and who have no professional education in the science and art of teaching. Such schools are in some important respects a hindrance to progress. But, dominated by the spirit of com- mercialism, they will continue to turn out on the long suffering generations to be educated their hordes of unskilled workmen until society by legislation makes it impossible to do so. And that society will make it an impossibility in the not very dis- tant future is certainly a gratifying prospect. Thus normally in your lives as teachers, Educational Class of 1912, it is reasonable to predict that you shall see the follow- mg: 159 1. A liberalized educational curriculum in which so many different courses will be offered that there will be no need of any students being driven from the high school or from the college by the prescribed requirements of an educational mold which insists on uniformity of product and method. 2. The recognition in educational theory of the variabil- ity of mental potentiality, that students who a1'e all but failures in some lines of mental endeavor may, nevertheless, be extreme- ly efficient in others, and the substitution of a theory for the present one, that does not insist on dead languages and higher mathematics in general liberal education, but retains these for special students who have inclinations and ability in these things. 3. An educational ideal which recognizes the crying need of formal moral education in-all grades of school work. 4. A school sentiment and a public sentiment, that de- mands in all Helds of special endeavor a liberal education for a foundation for the special education of the expert, and grow- ing legislation looking to the accomplishment of this end. 5. A school and social spirit which will place the work and worth of the teacher more nearly in their true light, which will demand of the teacher a liberal education wide in extent and deep in content, supplemented by the special education which skill in his craft demands, and a spirit emancipated by reason and a willingness to contribute to social service which will recognize the precedence, in securing positions, due those special students of education over those who have had only limited liberal education and no special training in the science and art of education. VVherg We NVere Graduated jg ' l i i , ll 5 A 'l 4 ' f w P 'M L I MM Y 1 Zi 2l: A4 i l ' 3 S S Z Sax E ' , WM ii 2 ,eieiiiif 2 X 7 f 5 E is 2 lffa Lg QBQ 1 Q 3 M f 95 X . M -.1,4,-, ,.,'.-, fi'fZ'51.'11:7:'if'f.:25-i .',A'. mf VWfffiif'T-i-i2?-'r- ?13I'fF.- '--'l1b 3215 VMW!Z!!!iZZf!! U!!!f!ffl!!!!Uf!W!Mff !MfHW!M!W Iflfffflfffff!!!!!f!!U!!f!!!I! fffffffffffff flffffffffflfffffiild ELOCUTION GRADUATING CLASS POST-GRADUATES Octa L. Basset KB. 0.3 .....,.,.,,.......,,,.. .,..,.,,....,....,,.,,..,..,,.,.. X Vasliington, D. C. Robert Everett Thomas LB. 0.5 ...,., .,....... L ake Crystal, Minnesota John R. Tyson QB. 0.1 ,....,.....,............,,,.,...... .,...,,...,,... R eynoldsville, Pa. SENIORS A. E. Van Bodegraven ..... .,..... C hicago, Illinois Adelbert W. Matt ,..,. Mabel E. Bush ....,.....,.. . .. ...,...,... Hannibal, Mo. W. A. Mason, Jr. David Elmer Dawson .... ,..... P arrotsville, Tenn. Patterson McNutt ..... M. Maydell Carnblin ....... ..........,..... IN Iorocco, Ind. William R. Moore ...... Achille Colpaert .,........,....,, Eunice Arabelle Dickey ,..,... Theodore Dihke ...........,...... Etta Wave Hogansen .... Lyle Wilson Holden ...... M. 0. Class Officers John R. Tyson, Pres. Robert E. Thomas, Vice-Pres. Octa Bassett, Sec'y. William Paul Moss, Treas. Members of Record Board W. A. Mason, Jr., Editor Patterson lVIcNutt, Manager . ...... Beernem, Belgium .......G1-ant Park, Illinois Elta Marie Parks ..,... . Stephen D. Ratkovich ........,.....Libain, Russia D. R. Reese ................Seneca, Illinois Lillie Pearl Stagner ., .,,....Port Allegheny, Pa. OFFICERS Officers B. 0. Class William R. Moore, Pres. A. E. Van Bodegraven, Vice-Pres. Elta Marie Parks, Sec'y. L. W. Holden, Treas. 162 ......Saint Olaf, Iowa ....,....Shellman, Ga. ,...........Chicago, Ill. ............Dublin, Ireland .........Freepoft, Illinois ,..,,..,.......Chicago, Ill. .,......Swansea, Wales ....,..Eldorado, Kas. Class Day Oiiicers Eunice A. Dickey, Historian Lyle Wilson Holden, Poet A. E. Van Bodegraven, Orator William R. Moore, Prophet OCTA BASSETT Washington, D. C. A Post Graduate. " One of those people you don 't go Mdaffw about the moment you meet them, but just catch the disease by degrees, but once you have it you have it for good. Her greatest strength along 'coratorical lines" is in giving parties to the Oratory class. Never mistake this young lady for a Senior, however, for according to her own statement she finished that class in her youth. When asked for her philosophy she said, "Oh, you may put this at the head of the Write up, but here is my real philosophy: 'iLife may be short, but a smart Woman manages to get lots in and out of itf' All her ambitions are along political lines as far as can be ascertained. She believes in woman suffrage. To demonstrate this she left at the beginning of the third term to prove her efficiency as Teacher of Expression, Bethany College, Topeka, Kansas. A. E. VAN BODEGRAVEN Chicago. Ill. N HSuppose you be, not merely seem." We call him "Van" because HVan Boulegravyl' seems a trifle lengthy for general use. And then, too, he is a shy CChi.D man, only one member of our department being able to bring out his wonderful romantically dramatic disposition-said one being a Miss Ada- somebody whose 'full name we have 11Ot herein space to publish. Talk about ability!! "Van" has it to burn. He can orate for hours on anything Cor nothingjg from Henry the Eighth- to a dry goods box. His vocabulary is second only to Webster. We are wondering if he was not at some time in his life a book agent. He is a "bright idea," a "Henry Clay," a "Romeo,', or as he appeared in "The Magistrate," a clerk of the court," as occasion demands. In HThe Tempest" he played the part of Ferdinands father. CFQ1'CllDill1fl is a first class loverj-"As the father, so is the son." Ask HER. 163 .. he , r , L ' gifld, ,, ,, -'r E l f L 3 5-. O l', c. Q, gl ul. T11 5 sig 0,3 ll- Q Lg E ll l, t Wt la RIABEL E. BUSH Hannibal, Mo. "Nor love thy life nor hate: But what thou like well." "Better late than never. except when it 's your time to 'come up.' then it's better to be ailing." so Miss Bush tells us. t'The better late than never," is original with her. she says. and refers to tl1e fact that she was rather late in entering school this year. Since entering the class, however. she has distinguished herself as an t'oratress." But once when her nerve was slightly shaken. she began a his- torical oration like this. UMr. Chairman. Ladies and Gents and fellow class- mates, once when the sun was eastin' his last rays on the bouncin' billers of the ocean. Napoleon discovered a new country. he landed at the nearest port. went up the path, threw down his grip and told me to bring him two five cent saucers of ice cream. one for himself and one for Mrs. Napoleon, who was with him.'F Here she broke oit and told us that last was a joke, because Mrs. Napoleon was dead. MAX DELL QAMBLIN Morocco. lnd. "Smile awhile, and while you smile. another smiles. and soon there 's miles and miles of smiles, and life's worth while because you smile." "Sunshine" is it. She's the girl who can smile all day Sunday, all day Monday, and keep it up until Sunday again. We also dub her A' Dimples"-and such dimples !- Holy Smoke!! Every masculine heart in the department is in shreds. Her witchery is developed until it has become an art. Her class work has been excellent. Her readings are the Work of one with great possibilities, only waiting to be developed. Nor is public speaking a lost art with her. She was cast for the servant character. "Popha.1n," in "The Magistrate." and.- altho a minor part,-she played it wit.h a zip that made it 'tbigf' Among her attributes is a sweet lovable disposition-such as inspired Vlfordsworth to write HA creature not ,too bright or good, for human nature's daily food' Maydell is a native of Indiana-coming from the town of Morocco. "Long live Morocco!" 164 DAVID E DAWSOY Parrottville, Tenn. lo thine ou n seli be true And 1t must follow as the night the day, lhou canst not then be false to any man." He h 'mls T1 om The Banks ot the Tennessee, where all the World is S1111- shnic Hou evei 1t he grous tn ed of the sunshine, he has o11ly to retreat to one of the 111 my mountain haunts in Tennessee, and all the world immediately beeomes moonslnm In the play s he starred as UBlonde" and 'iGonsalo.,' The 01dtO1V class ix as very much disappointed, however, that he failed to get the role oi Fei dinand roi if theie IS 0116 thing that l1e can do well, it 's to star i11 a love scene Such 'L mastei IS he at this game of Cupids that l1e C2111I10f u 'ilk a block doun the sti eet xx ithout some girl making 'igigglily " eyes at l1im. He makes this splendid lowei because he has never failed to realize that the 'itmospheie of loye is mostly hot air." ACHILLE COLPAERT Beeriieni, Belgium "But no pleasure is comparable with the pleasure of standing on the van- tage ground of truth." He says he has no nicknames. Wlieii he first reached this place, however, l1e was introduced to some ladies as Mr. Colpaert and one of the girls spoke up, "No, but sure enough, what is your real name' He is a hard worker i11 class ?L1'1Ll in his oratory he likes 'Ito rise on the wings of the morning," figuratively speaking, a11d after staying on the platform for l1is allotted time, l1e co111es down o11 the wings of the afternoon, lsuppose. Any- way he has always managed to get back to earth. He intends to follow l1is oratory course at Valparaiso University until that bright day when they hand him his P. G. diploma., which may stand for any one of a half a dozen things. wise or otherwise. 165 ' r . P4 . I . we v f E , l- 5-, O qc, U, T' X: x- ig N Q XE? H52 ii EUNIFE A. DICKEY Grant Park, Ill. " If it be now. 'tis not to come: if it be not to come, it will be nowg if 'it be not now. yet it will come. the readiness is all." VVe call her HDick" and "Kiss me,"-she buys a niekel's worth every day and chews it while she medi- tates. tor she is a type of 'i'l'he New VVoman." who thinks K'lt's better to have loved and lost than to have married and been bossedf' !'lt's mighty nice to travel love's golden road, but marriage is the limit." "Matrimony and the road-roller are excellent contrivances so long as you keep out of their wayfl And this young lady was historian of her class. Can you imagine her pictur- ing a Juliet calling plaintively Romeo! Romeol? Never! Her Juliet is "The Female ot the Species." who calls her sweetheart thus: L4Wliat! ho slave! Caliban, thou earth. thou. hence!" , i lHLODORE DHIKE Libain, Russia '4Eat, drink and be merry for tomorrow you die." "Very good, 'l beg your pardon." is the most characteristic phrase by which this little Russian is known. He is known by this phrase on account of the way he starred in the role of "lsaClore" in UThe Magistrate." Before Dihke started for this country he had written a friend, Jacob Von Contsmiths, who was to meet him in New York. He reached New York and seeing a man standing in one cor- ner of the room he rushed up to him, t'Vy hello Shacobf' he stepped back and surveyed the man. "Vyl Shacob, you hat shanged, and your eyes hat shanged, and your nose haf sliangeclf' "But my name is not Sha.cob," replied the man. 'LVy Shacoh, haf you shanged your name, toolll' His intentions at present are to continue his work in Elocution for several years and then go on the stage. 166 ELTA VVAVE HOGANSON Seneca, Ill. "Count that day lost whose low descending sun, Views from thy hand no worthy action donef, Nicknamed-"Hogie," L'Beatie," "Honey,,' She says that she likes l'Olynipia Specials," t'Tyson, on toast," and Chanticleer. mln her opinion Mr. Holden is the cutest, Mr. Mott is 4'Class Beauty," and Mr. Moore is the "Ladies Man." She thinks men flatter because they know women are strong believers in reciprocity. A little woman is as competent as a big man when it comes to the grand finale. That the wisest girl is the one who knows when to laugh. In Pinero's master farce she showed native skill and excellent ability in handling the delicate role of Beatie. After taking the M. O. here, next year, she intends to continue her course at Emerson, where we know she will be loved by her classmates as at Valpo. L LYLE HOLDEN Port Alleghany, Pa. ' Lyle Holden, "the little man of Tarsusf' He took the part of Ferdinand. Miranda's lover, in Shakespeare ,s 'ATempest," which honor he achieved by the natural ability he showed in the Hfade awayu scene in the 'LMagistrate." Besides receiving his B. O. he will also graduate with the Educationals. Lyle Holden has accomplished two great results in the past year-the ability to wear certain fashionable UD collars and to eat noodle soup. He has two favorite expressions, "O, you wonder!" and HO, pure in heart!" He says they make him feel so romantic when he utters them. Evidently so, as "My dearest little girlw does in letter-writing. His poetical talent has reached a i lofty height as shown in the following lines: "O, love of mine, My heart is thine- My dearest own, Pm sad and lf-ne. a , 167 . '-Q,- 'NL-,V V 1' 4. J' , , -lei f V .. mf E L Z, o -ei, c U ",. lf ol 1 rl 1 ll ADELBERT W. UNO matter what we believe His name is MATT what may come to be right." spelled "Matt," he pronounces it "Mott," and we call him to me or what may come to you, let us do WYLIE ALFREIJ MASON Shelhnan. Ga. "Let me live i11 a house by the side of the road And be a friend to man." W1 A. Mason-"Bly Little Georgia Rose"-who has wandered at will around College Hill for one long. wearisome year. was magnanimously granted the privilege of posing as the most popular man of the class. ,His popularity has been achieved throu,g'h various sources. "The Man of the Hour," canvas shoes. 311 "almost human" walk. and a ministerial air. During the year YN. A. made several trips to Chicago and eventually got his name in the Valparaiso Gazette. His dramatic ability asserted itself when he played the lovable "Lug'g" in the "Magistrate" His fine physique almost won for him the char- acter of "Ferdinand," Miranda 's ideal lover. in the "Tempest" but owing to l1is well known tickleness and too widely scattered sentiment, he was cast for the villain "Antonio," which he played in a perfectly realistic manner. l Saint Olaf. Iowa. "Mutt," VVhy do we do this? Oh, for the same reason we call Theodore Roosevelt WTeddy," and the United States of America "Uncle Sam,"-it sounds more artistic. Can you not imagine a maiden looking into his eyes in rapt affection and whispering, 'tKnowest thou, my Mutt, I love thee?" One time this winter he went to Chicago. desiring to go to a certain theater. and not knowing just where it was he tripped up to a policeman and asked, HI-low can I get to the Colonial Theater?l' The policeman looked at him for a mo- ment, scratched his head and answered. t:Wl1y, you can walk or rideg it doesn't matter which way." 168 PATTERSON TNTCNUTT Valparaiso, Ind. 'tThe play, the play's the thing." This gentleman would come tar nearer recognizing himself, however. if addressed as "Pat" or "Nutty," His great- est accomplishments are in the acting and singing spheres. The song he loves most and in which many of his classmates heartily join, begins something' like this, 'tAnywhere I hang my hat is home sweet home to me." Another song with which he often thrills his classmates is entitled. "Give me another straw- berry sody pop to stimulate my soul." However, dwelling in the ethereal realm of song is by no means his only occupationsg he is quite practical. For this reason he was chosen manager and you will not only find his picture with his class, but on their first page. In the plays of the department he starred as Lukyn in "The Magistrate," and Caliban in "The Tempestfl He intends to follow acting as a profession. VN ILLIAM R, MOORE Dublin, Ireland ' "Great God, l'd rather be A Pagan suckled in a creed outworn, So might I, standing on this pleasant lea Have glimpses that would make me less forlornf' Class MFlirt," President, and Prophet, he is the noblest Irishman ot them all. When he iirst landed in New York and was taking in the sights along Broadway, he stopped to count the stories of the Singer building. A clerk on the fourteenth floor watched him for half a minute and yelled down: 'Hey Fat, this is no Catholic Cathedral."' Moore replied like a flash: "Faith, I thought it was till I saw the Devil stick his head out the windowf, He is noted for his wit, especially upon diseases of the heart. He says: i'Children love with all thrir hearts. men with all thrir minds, but XVOIT1311iS love is the strongest, because women love with all thrir vanity." t'Love is the best beauty doctor, but don't expect a miracle." 169 L.' VW fur 5 J r . A -A Q ,wfw 4. E l :Av le ik O l Q, ft V- li Ti'-I lf, i Q: .I I . UQ it ELTA MARIE PARKS Freeport, Ill. A'Let every dawning of the morning be to you as the beginning of life." Secretary of the class, her chief characteristics are 4'Pigs is Pigs," "Noodle Soup Please." t'Pigs is Pigs," is a reading which she handles quite well, proving to her audience conclusively that 'tPigs is Pigs." t'Noodle Soup Please," is what she said when she went to Chicago to see the shows. The Noodle Soup came, she was supposed to eat itg but she seemed to think it was brought for a game of Hhiding go seekff for she chased it round the dish, over the table and onto the floor for half an hour and gave the job up as "one too many for her." It looked like it was half a dozen too many for her, to everyone else. As a classmate Miss Parks is all one could ask, for if you slam, she slams back and if you feed tatfy, she will find it toog unless she slams. I STEPHEN D. RATKOVICH Gospich, Croatia "Give me liberty or give me deathf' There is no one in the class with a more interesting past. In his native land he was co-editor of a paper aimed at the tyranny of the prevailing form of government and at last had to escape to this country to avoid imprisonment. Here he has been two years and the progress he has made could result from only an almost superhuman effort in his Hrst year of eighteen hours study a day. On landing he could not speak a word of English. He has mastered that language well enough in two years to give a Whole evening's reading of '4Every W'oman', to a popular audience. In the same time he has also completed the law course here and at the close of the term will locate in Chicago for the practice of law. His class desires to wish all the success that comes from deserving effort. 170 LILLIE P SFAGYER El Dorado, Kansas Oh S11 I must not tell my age, they say women md music should never be dated." Better know 11 as lnfantisimaiabelliof' She was born near Anchron, Ill., and when asked how long ago, said HMore than sixteen yearsf' Evidently she thought it is is Mutt to wx hom she spoke, but it happened to be "Jeff," so he is going to give the public a 'ltipf' The "sixteen yearn sign is all a bluff bhe says she leained to iun such fake-plays when on the Anchron foot- ball team Some of hei opinions on things are: "Absence makes the heart grow fondei of the other I11shman'." "Marriage is a lottery in which all wx omen ale ws illing to take a chance " Wlieii asked who she thought was the biggest butmskv in the class she replied: "We don 't use butter at Valpo, We ale Oleoinskies But as we have risen to the sublime heights of pro- found thought uith Infantasnnarabelliol' we had better leave her, for one can t alu ays be protound hence for fear-adieu. H DAVID R. REESE Swansea, Wales 'tThings without remedy should be withoutvregardg what 's done is donef, 'ATO mourn a misehief that is past and gone is the next way to draw new mischief on." As VVyke in 'LT,he llIagistrate" he showed dramatic talent worth while, only his acting was very much like Stephano's stomach, Hnot constant." Wlieii he first entered the class it took some time for us to accus- tom ourselves to his Welsli ways, but after we knew him, we liked him. Ee- centric, keen, egotistic, progressive, he possesses all those things which it takes to carry on a winning fight. And as for his vanity it is much as Jerome K. Jerome says, HAH is vanity and everybody 's vain. 'Tis vanity that makes the world go round. I don 't believe any man ever existed without-vanity and if he did l1e would be an extremely uncomfortable person to have anything to do with." - 171 ,f . Q., V 1, -.1' -2. r . Q , ,I QV: fl ,.f.. . El L 1 5, Q, il u Tr' 1113 g O.-1 N1 xr, F la ROI-BERT E. THOMAS Lake Crystal, Minn. Post Graduate. "The thing we long for. that We are For one transcendent nionientf' You may see from his picture that he is big, but the picture can only give you a slight idea of the physical bigness of the many but to know him is to know a big man in all senses of the word. ln hiin we realized the stage of Kipling's "Ii" Ulf you can till the unforgiving minute VVith sixty seconds worth of distance Yours is the earth and all that 's in it, And what 's more-you'll be a 111311. my son." 4 His purpose now is to continue his collegiate course with the study of law. JOHN TX SOIN Reynoldsville, Pa. Post Graduate. ' Forget the past, trust the future, and live in the glorious now. "Jack" was a ladies nian, but he grew weary of the game Cas most "ladies men" doj for he found out they are much like street cars, one every minute. The prin- cipal characteristics of Jack are his youthful appearance in contrast with the old maid roles he played, for he starred as Posket in "The Magistrate," and Prospero in "The Tempest." The class once went on a picnicg had been in bathingg coming out and lying down on the sand he dozed otfg suddenly he awoke with a start, an awful look spread over his face: "Mien Gott! Mien Gott! 7' icWliat7s the 1113tllG1'?U asked a friend. HMien Gott! l dream- ed I saw Taft in tights." Even tho he dreams, he is a dignitary of the P. G. class-its President. 172 CLASS HISTORY Eunice HE following is a birth notice which appeared in a local paper in September, 1911: Hliorii, September 19, 1911, to Professor Nathan- iel Edward Rieed, an elocution class. It is a healthy infant, weighing several hundred pounds. Doctors Kinsey and Brown were in attendance. Both father and child doing nicely.'7 The child grew and waxed strong. The father, under this burden of responsibility, grew thin and pale. He worked day and night-administering scoldings by day and parcgoric by night. At length, when the child was several weeks of age, the father decided to sacrifice its life, if need be, in the interest of science. The Post Graduate Class was something of a dwarf -numbering but four actual members,-namely, Miss Octa L. Bassett and Messrs. W. R.. Thomas, John Tyson and 'William Mossg a few specials, including Miss Edna Agar, and one reg- ular senior, Miss Eunice Dickey. So the child was dismembered-its strongest parts being grafted onto the elder child in order to prolong its earthly existence. Such parts were given it as would most surely sus- tain its elocutionary life,-eloquence CMiss Gladah Englandl. beauty CMr. NVylie Alfred Masonj, courage tMr. Patterson Mc- A. 173 Dickey Y Nuttj, grace tMiss Etta Hogansonj, and poetic sympathy CMr. Lyle Holdenl. The operation was wholly successful,-both lived. Shortly after Christmas Miss Elta M. Parks returned to V. U. and was added,-a happy after-tllouglit.-to the Post- Graduate roll as a regular senior. The bit of love that had been lacking was now supplied and all went smoothly with this section for several months. In the regular senior all was well,-everybody happy. Miss Camblin entertained the boys and Mr. tfolpaert the girls. Class functions were a rarity. ln the early part of the year the Elocution department was organized into a literary society known as the "Athenema Society." lt lived a short life and died a natural death in the third term. Funeral services were held at Sager's Lake. Rev. Bill Moore, who had been promoted during the third term, performing the ceremcmy. As to the dramatic development of the class let me here record the wonderful production of Pint-ro's "Magistrate," and Shakespearves "Tempest" 'tAll the world a stage, And all the men and women merely players: They have their exits and their entrances: And one man in his time plays many parts." The "Magistrate" was produced twice,-at the Opera House April 29, and later, Muay 10. in the University Audito- rium. The following criticism appeared in the paper the next day: H 'The Magistrate scores a big hit. Only an intelligent and persistent enthusiasm could accomplish such professional results as were witnessed in last evenings performance." Miss Etta Hoganson and Roy L. Harcourt starred as "Beattie" Hlltl 'tCis." Miss England was the essence of matronly beauty as UMrs. Poskctf' "Jack" Tyson played "Posket" with Thomas 's bulky form for a background. Thomas received applause after applause in his splendid por- trayal of UBulla1ny.U Mason was ridiculously absurd as the country man "Lugg" of the police force. Mr. Mott in a similar part-that of "Harris"-was good. Police Inspector Messister was played by Moore and he looked the part. 'iBlond" and Hlsadoren, the two French characters, were played in fine style by Dawson and Dihke. The servants "Wyke" and f'Popham'l were big part.s as played by Reese and Miss Camblinf' Vanu was a learned 'fclerk of the court", while ffPat" McNutt made a splendid retired army officer in the character, f'Col. Lukynfl Last, but not least, comes Miss Etta Parks, charmingly beautiful as 'f,C"harlotte" and her lover, "Lieut. Vale," played by Holden, who did the Hfade away" stunt so gracefully that it won for him a similar part in 'fThe Tempest."-that of Mirandals lover, "Ferdinand" "And then the lover, Sighing like a furnace, with a woeful ballad Made to his mistress' eyebrowf' ffl :nr ie Tempest" was produced at the Opera House, June 17, by a company of artists Cselected from the two classesl. Everyone seemed by nature intended for his or her part. Miss Edna Agar artistically played "Miranda,"-a graceful little Leap Year proposal act being included. Tyson worked SOIIIG more of his famous magic in the part of "Prospero," Miranda's father. Other parts were played in equally commendable style. Miss Ada Rosenfield made an ideal fairy "Ariel," and was assisted by Misses Pearl Godshal. as Hlrisf' Lillie Stagner, as L'Juno," and Mabel Bush, as "Ceres" A striking contrast to these graceful figures was the half- human l'Caliban," 'KA most delicate monster." so well carried off by McNutt. Mr. Dihke was very funny as "Trinculo," a court fool. Mr. Moo1'e was the drunken butler, t'Stephano." His work was beyond criticism. "Van" played t'Alonzo" with dignity. His brother "Sebastin" was Harcourt. The villain "Antonio," ably done by Mason, and "Gonzola," an aged counsellor, by Dawson. "Be it so: amen I" i "How many goodly people are there here!" During the last half of the sunnner term each graduate gave a full evening recital. Many were good, few were better. And then we graduate, and our shoulders begin to droop with the responsibility that invariably rests upon 'flearned" men. August 15 we disband. "Gone but not forgotten." ' 'fOld friends! The writing of those words has borne My fancy backward to the gracious past. The generous past, when all was possible, For all was then untriedg the years between Have taught some sweet. some bitter lessons, none Wisei' than this,-to spend in all things else, But of old friends to be most miserlyf' Aw n Tl-IE DAWN OF ANOTHER DAY Lyle Wilsoii Holden. , X N the mystic round of the ages, And though each in his grave is now sleeping All have helped to prepare for the dawn That is even now quickly dispersing The dark mists that hung heavy and gray On the face of the earth that was slumbering Till the dawn of another day. uv iw Q HW And the pages that History has written, Through the dim and the shadowy past, Are bedimmed with the blood of the martyr That has flowed through the ages so vast. But these scenes and these crimes so revolting Are even now passing away 5 The dark clouds will soon turn to silverg 'Tis the dawn of another day. Now the earth has grown brighter and better, And is clothed in a mantle of love A That has fallen upon human beings Like a star from the blue up above. And no more shall mankind despairing, Countless millions have come and have gone, 7 75 Drag their feet through the limitless clay, For the slogan shall be the uplifting Of all men in this newer day. Like this sphere that has rolled through the With each age improved oler the last, So have we in the years now behind us Through a stage of development passed. And so like to the earth that 's now shining ln the gleam of the sunbeam's ray, Witli our hearts full of hope we 're standing At the dawn of another day. In the past there were many who murmured, And who said that there never was hope Yes, they said that all life was a riddle. That in darkness we ever must grope. They were sure that fate was our master, That destiny ruled with iron sway, And we never would see out of darkness The gleam of a brighter day. Now we know that each one is master Of the fate by which he is led. ages And the hopes of our youth may now blossom, 'l'houg'l1 we thought they were withereml auml Then over the land and the ocean, Let the message be borne far away. All the past with its sorrow will vanish At the dawn of another day. Perhaps through the years we have laborecl. And have thought that we labored in vain, That the battle was not worth the XVi1l11i11g, Anil that sunshine was sllrouded in rain. Let us wake and girfl o11 our armor, mleacl. NVith hearts that are happy and gay, For we stand in the glow of the morning, At the dawn of another day. Let us sing' with the birds of the spriiigtilue A song full of joy and of mirth, That will sound and resouud like au echo, Tlll'Ol1gll the ages of time round the earth And the years that are lying before us, NVill our efforts with gladuess repay, And then we shall gather the harvestg 'Tis the dawn of another day. 1 Freak Tree at Sager's 176 Tl-IE YOKE OF GOLD A. E., Van Bodegraven N ALL the activities of life 11121.11 today is prompted Q., v L-lg. by o11e or a combination of the following seven im- QNA Lag pelling motives: Self-preservation, property, pow- 'wjlt " er, reputation, sentiments, affections, tastes. Whenever any motive conflicts with tl1e Prop- erty or economic motive it happens almost invariably that the economic motive prevails. The economic force is the funda- mental prompter of our actions. 'llts basal character," to repeat the words of Dr. Stuckenberg, "can be ignored only by ignorance or by a false spiritualism which itself depends on economics for existencefl V It is that 111otive wl1icl1 is responsible for this nation 's un- precedented material growth. lt is that motive which has produced our great American cities and our vast systems of production, CO1T11'!1ll11lCEl-tl0I1 and exchange. It is that motive which has created and fostered the growth of the city of Chi- cago. Mightier even than Rome in her glory is the titanic strength of this modern giantess. Far and wide, from North to South, from East to West, have the fingers of her iniiuence extended, and not a hamlet or village is unaffected, directly or indirectly, by her ceaseless activities. Witli her massive whirring wheels and her thousands of men and women toiling day and night she has become the workshop of the land. Her products tlllllbllllg from factory doors i11to waiting cars, are hurried away over a thousand tracks of steel, or are borne beneath countless sails along the worlds great waterways. Chicago sends a cry abroad among the fruit orchards of Missouri, or through the waving grain fields of lowa, or across the roomy pasture lands of Dakotag and when that cry is heard, straightway tl1e cattle move on a thousand hills, the binders go singing through the golden wheat, or the apples are shaken LlOXV11 from the fruit laden trees of the Ozarks. But Chicago 's demand is not a selfish one. True she robs the west of its Hnest harvests. and annually sweeps the ranges of their choicest cattle, but this is only in order that she may stop the wailing cry for bread in the squalid cities of Italy, or furnish the campfire rations to lonely British sentinels in the mountain passes of Thibet. Show me a place in the whole green girth of our planet where the name "Chicago" has never been heard, and l'll show you a place where progress has never walked, where civilization is unknown. But candor bids me paint somhre hues into this rosy pie- ture for you know that though this desire-for-material-wealth motive has caused her to hold her head proudly before the world, it has also. at sundry times. compelled her to hang her head for very shame. For you know too well the pain, the poverty, the disease. the vice. that prowl the streets of our great metropolis. You know as well as l the thousands of half-starv- ed laborers, who, after toiling all day, slink home late at night from some stifling, nauseating, sausage factory to their own Hlthy hovels, with their rag-stuffed windows and bare. cheer- less Walls. You know as well as l the great army of pale, W0l'11- out Women and sober-dwarfed children, who. from twilight 'til sundown, ply their fingers with machine-like rapidity in the foul, choking, disease-reeking atmosphere of the sweatshop. You have heard the shrill cry of the homeless st1'eet waif, who, with all his stunted energy. struggles for an existence in the torrid heat of summer and theticy blasts of winter, and at night trys to forget the hard knocks of his tender life under the roof of an ash-barrel or dry-goods box. And why are they situated thus? W'hy all this misery in their lives when they are in a metropolis whose luxury rivals ancient Babylon? It is because their fellow men, in their mad scramble for riches, have forgotten that these men have hearts, it is because their enslavement is necessary in order that others may reap the profit of frenzied finance, it is because they are trampled beneath the cruel heels of those who have forgotten their manhood, who have forgotton their brotherhood, who have cast off their shoulders the yoke of love and duty in order that they may fit about the necks of their fellow men, the glittering, galling yoke of gold. Allow me to picture to you the heart history of one of these men who have placed upon the necks of their fellow men, the torturing Yoke of Gold. Permit me to study with you for a moment the motives of the life of this, our captain of iinance. Let us see what manner of man he is, this ambitious unscrupu- lous, get-there business man of Chicago-this moneyed Prince. He himself tells us that he is not bent merely on the accumula- tion of riches for riches' sake. He would have us believe that he is no fool, no beast and that his actions, while sometimes inexplicable, can be shown to be reasonable and induced by high motives. These high motives, tif we are to credit the gist of 1'ecent newspaper interviewsl are of three kinds: "I am striving" says our moneyed Prince, "to gratify my tastes, to enjoy 1uy power and to satisfy my sentiments." This is his creed, these are his beatitudesg and while his motives are frank- ly selfish yet he boasts that they are high. Now let us examine each of l1is claims in turn. He talks loudly of his culture. But what are his tastes? Fiction DZ He has no time. Music? It is a bore. Art? Some- thing for school children. Poetry? No money in that. Do the yellow grain fields hint of harvest home and of Thanksgiving No! They hint of crop reports and a corner in wheat. Does the crimson sunset from his office window suggest the beuediction of a dying day? No, it suggests dinner time! In short, as to tastes, the merest laborer in our friend 's big factory finding evening solace in an old violin, or the little stenog- rapher who keeps flowers on her table has more culture than our moneyed Prince. Next, he has spoken of the enjoyment of Power as one of the motives of his life. This is indeed a ma.gni1'icent ambition, but mere, brute power, irrespective of its possibilities for good, what a useless, what a criminal thing it is! The dynamiter has power to change the noble building over which artists have toiled a lifetime into an ugly ruin. The fire-fiend has power to scatter his burning brands through the dreaming town and lay a thousand homes in ashes. The anarchist has power to murder a nation 's chief and plunge a world into mourning. A moneyed Prince may have such sinister power as this. but sure- ly he is foolish to strive all these years merely to obtain what savages, lunatics and criminals have for nothing. But there is another power which this moneyed Prince lacks. lt is the power of Eugene Field, Chicago 's poet, whose songs ot childhood are hummed at the evening hour in many landsg the power of Jane Addams, Chicagos t'Joan of Arc," in the battle with the slums. ls it power that our moneyed Prince seeks? Let him seek it then in a life dedicated to right- eousnessl And finally what are the sentiments to satisfy for which this captain of Finance lives the lite that he does? Patriotism 'Z Perhaps, then why has he made capital out of the weakness of his country? Why has he bought legislatures, ,juggled with public trusts, mocked at public conscience? Or perhaps his greatest sentiment is loyalty to the city that has made him great. Then why has his corrupting gold made noisome her high places? Or perhaps it is his love for his fellow men! Then why the foul, unsanitary pens wherein his workers toil from unlovely childhood to loveless old age? WVhy has he built these unsightly Kennels and taken advantage of the homeelov- ing instincts ot these human animals of his? In these homes, where babies wail for fresh air and mothers grovel and snarl in their despair, where fathers drink to beastly success in or- der to forget the hellish anguish of their enslaved condition, where typhoid lurks in the cesspools, and tuberculosis in the filthy corners, where the son learns the ways of the criminal, and the daughter of the home sells her honor in order that you, Mr. Money Prince, may give your son a life of guilded debauch- ery and your frivolous daughter a. foreign title. ln these hovels of the poor, I say, you surely do not wish us to see an expression of your altruism. No, Mr. Money Prince, torture them on the'rack of poverty it you will, sell the souls of babies for pennies and wring the hearts of broken and dishonored women for gain, but do not incessantly mouth fine sentiments and demand our admiration for your villanies. You and I cannot afford to follow in the footsteps of such a life. Notwithstanding a thousand maxims to the contrary it is a lie that 'tnothing succeeds like success." Wliatsoevc-I' things are true, or honest, or just, or pure, or lovely. or ot good report,-these we should follow, and from Mr. Money Prince, debased by his Yoke of Gold, we should turn resolutely away. But rather, let us hold as .our models those men who. by their moral courage, have carried their spotless integrity into their business livesg who hold righteousness, humanity and honor above a. momentary gain, whose charity and philanthropy ox- tend beyond the narrow limits ot their oihce walls, For such men. whose lives of activity are tempered by an answering devotion to Christian duty and purity. the least reward is a financial success, and the greatest is the memory of good deeds and a place of undying attection in the hearts of their tellow men. PROPHECY OF THE ELGCUTION CLASS Wm. R. Moore ' IIN THE Fifth day of the 111oon. returning to the . . . , . custom of my fathers, I got Hp-111 the mornnig. After having washed myself ill the stream fast by licraxvyfam In f cabin l r -nl fffr l u m ' 111 l'!1l11 l v - es, cooacoeecpy o gteo tions, I ascended the high hills overlooking the Val- ley of Paradise in order to pass the rest of the day in medita- tion. As l was airing myself on the s11111111it of these hills I fell into a profound meditation 011 the vanity of lllllllilll life. A strain no doubt caused by the murmurs of tl1e stream through its bed of cresses and sedges, and by the young sparrows from a nest nearby making their first flight, joyfully anticipating success in this world which to them had been all sunshine. Wliat of the winter when all of y0l11' gay companions of the grove have followed summer to the South, leaving you tortured by the icy gale or to fall frozen in the swirling snow drifts? Just like we students, methought. thinking only of the time when we as graduates shall leave the visionary limits of these classic walls and push out to meet the realities of things. Some of us, thought I, will have to stay and, like the sparrows, face churlish winter's unrelenting blast. I wondered how many would stand forth unvanquislied to hail the spring which co111es to those who succeed. Whilst I was thus musing I cast my eyes toward the sum- mit ot a rock 11ot far dista11t. where I discovered o11e in the habit of a shepherd, with a little musical instrument in l1is ha11d. As l looked upon him. he discoursed the most mellifiu- ous music. the S0ll11Cl of which was exceeding sweet and melo- LllO1lS and altogether ditferent from anything I had ever heard. VVhen he had cheered 1ny drooping spirits by l1is transporting airs. I longed to taste the pleasures of his conversation so drew near to hin1 with the reve1'ence due to a superior 113lLL11'6. The Genius smiled upon 1ne with a look of compassion, and said, Hllfelancholy one, I have heard thee i11 thy soliloquies follow mel" He tl1e11 led me to tl1e highest pinnacle of a rock and plac- ing 1ne on the top of it, "Cast thy eyes Eastward," said he, Hand tell me what thou seestfi 'AI see." said I, a huge valley covered with prodigious multitudes of people. In the midst of the valley stands a 1l10l111t2'll11 with its head above the clouds. 7' Suddenly there came from the summit of tl1e mountain, a sound like that of a trunipet. but so exceeding sweet and gave such delightful sensations that it seemed to animate and raise lllllllall nature above itself. It amazed me 1n11cl1 to find so few i11 that i11nun1erable multitude who had ears fine enough to hear or relish this music with pleasure. My wonder abated when 11po11 looking about I saw the things on which their attention was centered. First was a heap of clay in which was a curious yellow substance, and l noticed that some forgot everything, trampled over some who had fallen in the way, and crushed helpless women and chil- dren to death in their frantic fever to possess these glittering particles. I heard the inhabitants of the valley in subdued whispers say, 4' The Yellow Peril, the Yellow Peril." "This," thought I, Hmust be the great evil which they fear. Arising from this heap I saw a sluggish stream at which great numbers were drinking. My good Genius, observing my curiosity, told me this was the stream of Ignorance and Vulgar- ity. I also noticed the inhabitants of this part of the valley went much to hear a famous orator Whose mansion stood on the banks of the stream. This, I was told, was Orator Scottr- Ideality, Wliile great numbers were listening to this delusive dis- course, some of a more erect aspect and exalted spirit, went about among them with curiously illuminated scrolls, upon which were inscribed mystic signs. At first the multitude seemed to not understand, but after hearing them interpreted I observed that they began to gradually leave the clay heap and the sluggish stream and with sudden resolution begin climbing the ascent. My good Genius, again seeing me puz- zled at the mysterious influence of these scrolls, told me that on these were inscribed the sentiments of the Great who had ascended the mountain and recorded their experiences to in- spire the multitude to ascend, O11 looking closer I saw some of those foremost among the interpreters of the Great Scrolls carried banners with the fol- lowing mystic characters: V. U. 1912, inscribed on a field of red and white. I thought it strange that so varied emotions should be stirred by those of this mystic sign. Some at times wept, and others laughed and forgot their burdens, while others again went on with the appearance of thought and contemplation in their looks, but whatever the feelings aroused, I observed that little groups, here and there, advanced with new vigor toward the mountain top. At this point I again directed my attention to those who still remained at the foot of the mountain and saw some in the garb of interpreters who made the attempt to lead upward. And inquiring again why these did not ascend, "There are," said the Good Genius, "numerous reasons." Some are blinded by the glare ot the yellow particles you have observed. and this prevents them from seeing the mountain and causes them to encourage those who drink at the stream of Vulgarity, Mothers," said he, Uhave a theory known as mechanic-division. "These" carry about with them a straight and very stiff in- strument called Mechanio, this they believe when applied to the mystic signs interpret the meaning of the Great Geni who wrote the scrolls. "Those who lead upward," said the Genius, Hwere in- structed once by a. Master of the art of interpreting these mys- tic rolls who still teaches on the mountain, and whose maxim was to avoid even the appearance of the coarse and vulgar. As he spoke I saw he was recording in a huge tome, the achievements of our class, I asked him to show me those of some from whom I had expected great things, but the Genius seemed only careful about the success of their art, and seemed not to hear my question. l then ventured to request of him a glimpse at the portion regarding myself and turned to him for a reply: but the Genius was goneg he had left me at the approach of self-consciousness, and I have no doubt he meant to teach mc- some lesson in the art of our class I'0gE11'tll11g the elfoct of S17lf4 ing but instead of the mountain with the sounding trumpet, consciouness. I saw nothing but the long hollow valley of Paradise with the I then turned to the vision which l had been colitemplaf- boys and girls S2ll1l1t9I'l11g in the shade of the campus grove, 182 THE AMERICAN WGRKING BUY AND l-IIS WORK Baccalaureate by Prof. NI E. Rieed OUBTLESS we have all, at some time or another, C B 9 travelled along a country highway in mid-summer. Some of us may have passed a. green, slimy pool by the road-side. ln that pool we perhaps saw a group of rusty, sun-burnt figures, some bobbing up and down in the water, others sprawling on a log near-by, others rolling in the dust and sunshine by the water's edge, while still others were clambering up the side of a neighbor- ing tree and out into its branches. Wliat were those things? Frogs? No, my friends! Those were American working boys-boys who are to become our real American working men and upon whose shoulders all responsibility will rest in the future. In contrast with them, you perhaps have seen a human biped on the street corner, with trousers turned up in dry weather, and clouds of smoke issuing from his mouth as if he were the double-header of an out-going freight train. You perhaps thought that was the American working boy. No, that is t.he frog. lf followed in all his rounds, he may be found in this impersonation far into the hours of mid-night-in the slime and ooze and darkness of the alley,-in the dirt and dram-shop of the street,--and then wiping his feet in the par- lor of some decent home. As he sits in that parlor, facing her. with nose-glasses carefully adjusted and hands upon his knees, he looks like a frog, if the evening goes against him he croaks like a frog, and upon the sudden appearance of father, shortly after ten o'clock, he hops like a frog, l believe he is a frog. You perhaps have heard how this father the next morning asks, HDaughter, when did that fellow leave here last night?" And before daughter can answer, little six year old Johnny says, "Papa he left here at.one o'clo'ck." "Wlizit do you know about it, son?" "Cause, Jes' as he was leavin' sister, I heard him say, tJes' one, Jes' onef " Let it be understood at the outset, that my discussion will have to do with the American working boy, the boy that is accustomed to struggle and work-and not with the human, frog. Because it is my philosophy that struggle is the only possible form of development, and that a thing not worth struggling for is not worth while. But by "Boy", is not meant a person under fourteen years of age. A boy is one who lives for today, and makes no plans for tomorrow, one who has no system, no organization, one who has never once asked himself the question, t'Wl1at is the one thing, that I am by nature best. prepared to do HZ" but expects to go through life and lc-t acci- dent take care of his fortunes. And accident usually takes care of his fortunes in the usual way. A boy of that definition may be found at the age of fourteen, twenty, forty, sixty. eighty, or filling an old man 's grave. My discussion of the American VVorking Boy, therefore, will deal with all people. old or young, and of either sex, who have not yet discovered WHY they are on this mundane sphere and emitting so much unilluminating gas. But since the working boy is to develop into a working man, let us understand also that there are two kinds of working-men-the dependent and the independent. The dependent working-man does not think for himselfg his work is mapped out for him by others. Like the usual senseless machine he hammers away at his task. day after day, without knowing why, without caring why. merely that he may draw a wage at night fall. Individual initiative-that which originates thought, that which forms new plans, that which is the soul of ambition and the very ele- ment of progress itself,-he does not possess. Such a man. my friends, is not a man, he is only a fraction of a man, and fre- quently a very vulgar fraction at that.. ' In sharp contrast with him stands the independent work- ing man, who may work for himself or for some one else, who may own his enterprise or merely direct it, who may be a mill- ionaire or who may not possess a penny, but who, never-the- less, always and everywhere, will have the privilege and will use the privilege of thinking for himself. He will look into his surroundings and see their great possibilities, he will look into himself to find his own special strength to meet those possibilities. Such a man is the real man-the hope of Ameri- can homes and American institutions-the only decent, worth- while citizen within the borders ol' our country. The truth of this comparative statement is thoroughly rec- ognized by EX-President Elliot of Harvard University, who recently said that "The worst, the most dangerous social ten- dency ot our times is the tendency for certain classes to congre- gate in the city, loose their identity, and become dependent wage earners. VVhile the most favorable social tendency, on the other hand". continues Dr. Elliot, "is the tendency for certain other classes to go to the country, buy their farms, and become independent workers", and. I would add. independent men and women. You of the graduating classes, as you go out from the university this year. with your sheep skins and your fond ambitions, whatever your career. whether it be from a chosen or an enforced occupation,-whatever your career, take care that, through it all. you maintain your personal independ- ence in your work. Some of you may be teachers, some preachers. some governors, and some justices of the peace, but none of you,-none of you-will ever be free men and women unless you have freedom in your own work. For this kind of a working boy opportunities in America are unlimited. I am aware that there are those who say that to-day does not offer as many opportunities as yesterday, and so they spend their hours talking of the good old times. I am aware also that there are others who admit that these oppor- tunities exist, but swear that the Standard Oil Company has monopolized them, If you examine such people closely. with a microscope. you will find that they are hollow-chested and weak-kneed, that their fingers, nose, and toes are usually cold, and that they always sleep with their heads under the cover. They affect other people very much like the lion's breakfast affected him. This lion became very ill after eating, and presently he came across a rabbit. The rabbit said, "VVhy what is the matter?" and the lion answered, "Oh I ate a rabbit this morning and it disagreed with me". and the rabbit replied, "I bet that was my wife, because she disagrees with every- body". He who cannot recognize the great opportunities of the present are affected with business indigestion, that is all. Then let us discuss our great opportunities under the two heads, independent business and independent professions. In independent business, my friends, America offers thirty-two oc- cupations to-day to each one in Europe, and the number is rap- idly increasing. Farming. twenty years ago, was classed as one occupation. To-day the United States census divides it into eighteen. Seventy-four merchants are at this moment keeping shop as 'compared to only one fifty years ago, though the popu- lation has increased only three to one. In every line, present figures are multiples of the past. It is interesting to know also that the profit from this independent business is 90 per cent greater than profits on similar investments abroad. Three years ago all land in a. certain western state was valued, ac- cording to tax receipts, at 559.00 the acre. To-day it is valued at 21627.00 the acre. Prices everywhere, in both articles and occupations, have gone up. In the independent professions similar conditions pre- vail. True the older professions,-teaching, ministry, law, and medicine-are over-crowded, but over-crowded because they are following old lines. These same professions are crying for men to reorganize them, crying for the man and the method that will start them on new lines. But new professions are springing up on every hand that are demanding multitudes of men and women. To sight an example, Dr. Sheperdson, of the Engineering Department of the University of Minnesota. says that there are six times more calls to fill positions in the new engineering occupation than he can find men with which to fill them. In the field of art, a certain Eastern College last f 3 year graduated sixty boys and girls, and there were seventy- two positions awaiting them. But regardless of these numerous opportunities, regardless of independent and dependent occupation, regardless of all businesses and all professions, regardless of everyfform of com- petition, regardless of them all, there are thousands of men and women in this country who cannot get a start, or having gotten a start cannot make headway. Why? Is it because they lack money? No, ninety per cent of the business of this country is done on credit, and the basis of credit is good character. ls it because they belong to the so called lower classes? No, the heads of nearly all large concerns in the United States are men who have risen from the lower classes. Is it because that, hav- ing to start at the bottom, they have no chance? No, the one great rule of all business institutions is that every person en- tering their employment must start at the bottom, and Roose- velt's son, entering a carpet factory last year at 552.00 the day, was no exception. No, it is due to none of. these. and yet men and women everywhere are failing. VVhy? It is because they lack preparation for the thing they would do. That is my HIISNVQP. The man or woman that fails lacks preparation, though they hold a dozen university degrees, You may be interested to know what I mean by prepara- tion. It consists of two preparation by training. ed heredity. or talent. or natural gifts. It is all of those intlu- ences within the man that are struggling to express tlu-msn-lvl-s things: preparation by nature, and Preparation by nature may be call- without the man. Preparation by training. on the other hand. may be called environment. or education, or knowledge and experience, It is all of those influences without the man that are struggling to express themselves within the man. ln other words, the whole philosophy of preparation is that every man has inward gifts, to be developed by outward influences, and after development applied to some one occupation. In this preparation therefore, you can see at once that every boy has three great discoveries before him: first, to discover his natural gift, second, to discover the occupation to which that gift is best adaptedg third, to train that gift for that occupation. You may say that the hope of such a discovery is only an idle dream. But those who are stockmen make this discovery with reference to their horses. Wliy' not witl1 refer- ence to their children 4? A good stockman will say, "This colt is heavily built, I will train him for a draft horse. This colt is trirnly built, I will train him for the race track. This colt is active and intelligent, I will train him for a show horse". And the good stockman rarely misses it. Wliy' not make the same study of our children? Of course I am aware that some parents know more about raising horses than they do children, with the very logical result that they raise better horses than children. But in making this discovery we must remember that psychology, phrenology, fortune-telling, and palmistry play no part, Of course, a palmist may look into a boy 's hand and guess a few things. I knew a palmist once who looked in- to my hand, after collecting his fee, and said, HO! my dear fellow, I see it", UYes, what is it?,' I asked, "It is true that until you are thirty years old you will be a poor boy." 'tYes, yes, then whattn t'Then you will become used to it and will not mind itf' No, in discovering human nature we do not use fortune-telling. The methods used are more ancient. We use common sense. And real common sense is not so common after all. It is like horse sense, not every horse possesses it. I had a Texas pony once that I am sure had mule sense. I confess that no plan will ever be evolved by which this discovery will be absolute in all cases, because it deals with human nature and human nature is of unlimited breadth and depth. Never-the-less it is a discovery that must be made, consciously or unconsciously,-made with every man and every woman before they can reach the highest development of which they are capable. You may ask is it not true that there are some people with- out any talent whatever. people who have been thrown into the world by accident and have no purpose to serve? No. Human beings never rise so high but that there is always work just a little bit higher to be done: and work never falls so low but that it may still become human service. And the grandest tribute that can be paid any person is that he has done to the utmost that which nature has assigned him to do. Of course we can 't all be lawyers and doctors and teachers and preachers, and if we could, may heaven have mercy on old mother earth! Yes, we all have our particular nature and a particular work suited to it, and the present great problem is to discover that nature and that work. Now I am going to tell you some- thing that perhaps you do not know. Ever since 1907 there have been forming all over this country vocational bureaus, whose whole purpose is to make just this discovery. The first of these bureaus is now standing at the head of the Boston Public School System, and is at the same time co-operating with Harvard University. Others are running in connection with the civic service houses of New York, Chicago, Pittsburg, Philadelphia, and St. Louis. One is now in the process of for- mation in the University of Wiscoiisin. Hence, I give it to you a.s my prophecy that within the next twenty-five years a voca- tional bureau will be running in connection with every worth- while university, every worth-while high school, and every worth-while social institution in the land. If so, the special study of human beings will at last have been begun on a scien- tific basis. However, I must not at this time go into a discussion as to how the bureau operates. I hope to do that before the university next year. But let us assume that the theory of the bureau is right, that it is practical, and that it is only a question of time when it will do its work as has been planned. Wliat effect will it have upon our edu- cational system? My friends, it will turn the educa- tional system of this country up side down,-not figuratively, but literally, it will turn the educational system of this country up side down. To-day a boy without vocational advice spends four years in high school, four years in the university, and per- haps another two years in special training, and then goes out in life to discover for the first time whether he is adapted to his occupation and has trained for the right thing. And re- cords show that nearly seventy per cent of all university gradu- ates do not follow the occupation for which they prepared- that seventy per cent have spent ten years of their best time and money and energy in the wrong thing. What are they to do? Take their training over? It is too late. The opportun- ity has come and gone, Is not that alone a sufficient indictment against the educational system of our country? The Bureau proposes to turn that system up side down, and find out at the out-set whether the boy is adapted to his occupation, and if so, then he may spend his ten years-and sometimes only one is necessary-in preparing for it. I leave it to the candid judg- ment of my audience as to whether the bu1'eau is offering the wiser system of the two? The average university student in his rush for preparation without knowing what he is preparing for reminds me of the drunken man who hired a cab without money and Without knowing where he was going. After riding some distance, he stuck his head out and says, "Say driver, how much is this cab going to cost me?l' The driver says, UOne dollar and thirty cents". f'Say driver", pleaded the man, "driver, back up, back up, till you come to the thirty cent mark. It 's all I gotw. So many students run past their real work in order to reach that great famous nowhere, and when it is too late have to back up to a thirty cent job. But aside from this discussion, there is another phase of this subject that comes very much closer to all of us. The man who is adapted by nature to his occupation loves his work. He is contented and happy. Wlien the clock strikes for quitting time he takes his work with him, and at night at home with his family he cheerfully plans for the next day. This man who loves his work is our best father, best neighbor, and best citizen. It is he who is making our homes and making our country, the only type of progressive man-hood possible. On the other hand, the man who is not adapted to his oc- cupation, does not love his work. It is a bore and a drudgery. He makes no progress, and there is no reason for him making any. He keeps his eye on the clock to see when it will strike the quitting hour, and believe me, when he quits, he quits. He wants to get as far away from his work as possible. He wants a rest, and he needs a rest. He may be found at home at night, but frequently fighting with his family. But usually he seeks diversion upon the streets He must get away from his work. Such work, such drudgery, no man or woman can long endure. They must rebel. and they do rebel. They conclude that our social and political institutions are wrong, that the upper class- es are unnecessarily oppressing those below. and that they could rise above it if given an opportunity. They become dis- contented, socialistic, anarchistic, criminal. Hear me, the criminal courts are just waking up to the fact that nearly one half the crime committed in this country to-day is committed by the man who does not like his job, A startling revelation in this, the twentieth century, with all our universities straining every resource to prepare their youths for a contented life- work, with our great social and political institutions struggling to adjust the wrongs of industry, and with the cry for equality before the law on every hand! My friends, the fault does not lie primarily with our educational, social, and political institu- tions. It is not because Rockefeller has all the oil, and the American Tobacco Co. all the cigars. It lies further back. lt is because a great class of American people have not as yet found themselves-because they have not yet discovered in the rolly-wholly game of life the exact hole in which they be- long. And the remedy lies in the adjustment of our institu- tions to that fault. I repeat, the individual 's nature and the work to which it is fitted is a discovery that must be made, consciously 'or unconsciously-must be made with every man and every woman, before they can reach the highest develop- ment of which they are capable. Ah, yes, my friends, we must not only know our jobs-we must know ourselves-and the relation of ourselves to those jobs. WllC?1l we have such knowledge, we not only thoroughly appreciate our strength, but there arises within us the sense of responsibility to properly use that strength. There arises an element of iron within our personality called individual initia- tive-that something within us that says, 'tthis thing must be done and I-not someone else-I am the man to do it." This individual initiative, this sense of special itness, is possessed by only one person out of a thousand. Every whe1'e the cry is going up, "They ought to make this 1'6ff01'Il1i,g when the cry ought to be, "We will make this reform", and then the reform could always be made. The world is right side down. It ought to be right side up. Shall we leave the task of turning it over to the next generation? You and I are here. Let 'l1S get on the job. Then the message I bring you to-night is the message of struggle and of work. It is not easier jobs, nor shorter hours we need. The moral life of this nation, or of any nation, is never represented by its holidays, but always and everywhere by its work days. We need more work: not that kind of work which, being unadapted to us, becomes a bore and a drudgery, not that kind of work which calls out the Worse side of our natures, and with its very monotonous routine drags us down, but the work which we enjoy, the work into which we put our best selves, and with which we associate our ideals and ambitions. Wlieri every man and every woman has found such toil, when every body everywhere is doing that which nature has assigned them to do-then, and not until then. will social strife and personal discontent disappear. l repeat my philosophy as stated at the out-set: struggle is the only possible form of development and anything not worth struggling for is not worth while. You of the graduat- ing classes are now going into this struggle. As you go, I want you to carry this one thought with you,-carry it with you though you forget everything else I've said to-night,-that no man, no man, is ever whipped until he is whipped inside. Then struggle and struggle until you fall, and then rise and struggle again, and then again, and yet again, until the life you live becomes a benediction to the struggling men and women who follow after you. ' LQ - llldlo . P , ,, ,, We QQ R 2 S .2 I x .lllIHi"W""' me M ff, mmf Mgzwff fm M W WM' NYM' -'wh Mk -A if Un- +ML"k W A7 wi M-A HM WWA W H ' , W , 'zz'- an W-M M1 Aw., 'MM 'JM MM fam MMM ,jx A A MWA M A M M f AW ,NMA IW ,LAM fic... 6 -GABA, 4' ,M ,435 , Ik X ,.. Alf., hh 4- in ffl 1 1.1 'H put Wa fu , ' V ' 1. MAL A 6' M V A Www M L fi WJ- . M if SESJ ,JV,,h fm- QQNHL G QAM Qfkjflflfmff- elm K-jiuffk-f FAA-J-uw Jffl'-f""' K , Jhguggliuz ENGINEERING GRADUATING CLASS Brigham, R, E. ,,,, ......... N iagara Falls, Canada Black, W, G, ,,,,, ......................,.. H obart, Ind. Dougall, A, F, ,,,,,, .......... Y Vestville, lll. Forman, L. S. .......,,, ........... N ew York City Giberson, George Goldman, H. A. Jamison City, Pa. .........Montreal, Canada Grube, Jesse ......... .......... H istons City, Pa. Hultslander, C. .... ......... H igh View, N. Y. Hui-me, E. A. ,..... ................ C hicago, Ill. Kattman, R. H. ............ Brazil, Ind. McCue, E. R. ......... ......... V alparaiso, Ind. Mundhenke, H. Ortiz, F. J. ,.,... . Patterson, W. J. .... . Pointon, F. G. ..... Pulleyn, M. L. . Rosenblum, N. A Sellers, J. A. Slote, D. ......,...,. . Viquez, M. A. ..,...... . Wilson, Thomas OFFICERS CLASS OFFICI'1RS. E. A. Hurme, Pres. David Slote, Sec'y. R. E. Brigham, Treas. YF. G. Pointon, Editor A. F. Dougall, Editor CLASS DAY OFFICERS. E. R. McCue, Historian N. A. Rosenblum, Poet J. E. Sellers, Orator Thomas Wilson, Prophet .,...,...........Kings, Ill. Artago, Costa Rica ,,,,,,,,,..,.,..Chicago, Ill. ..,.....Old Forge, Pa. .....,...Portsmouth, Va. .......Brook1yn, N. Y. ,,,,,,.,,,,,,,Holyoke, Mass, .......New York City San Jose, Costa Rica . ........ El Oro, Estado de Mex., Mexico OFFICERS OF RECORD. XF. G, Pointon, Editor A. F. Dougall, Editor R. E. Brigham, Manager tDeceased, WALTER G. BLACK Valparaiso, Ind. Walter G. Black after navigating the curvature and the various radii of the earth, finally located himself at Valparaiso, Ind., on April 26, 1885. He attended the schools of Valparaiso, completing his preliminary education by graduating from the Valparaiso High School. Soon he entered the Valparaiso University with a view of pursuing a course in science. He spent three years at this, and then secured a position at one of the banks. For several years he worked industriously at this vocation, until finally he decided to complete the course in civil engineering. He returned to the University again, and resumed his studies. Just before graduation he was appointed as City Engineer of Hobart, Ind., and also Deputy County Engineer for Lake County. Immediate- ly after being assigned to his new duties, he was lured to the seas that are for a time very pleasant to be in, namely-the sea of matrimony. May success be always with him is the prevailing sentiment. R. E. BRIGHAM Niaga.ra Falls, Ont. R. E. Brigham, better known to his friends as L'Brig," was born Oct. 21, 1889, at Niagara Falls, Canada. He obtained his preliminary education at the public school and then attended the Niagara Falls Collegiate Institute for two and one-half years, taking the business course. After leaving the N. F. C. I. he entered a machine shop as an apprentice and served about five years at the trade. He then left the machinist trade and entered the grocery business. Six months later he sold out and decided that in the Fall he would go to Val- paraiso University and enter the Civil Engineering Course. On arriving at Valparaiso he made Columbia Hall his headquarters, and prepared to do his best at his studies. During the last three years "Brig" has studied industriously, and now graduates as a B. C. E. ready to start real work in life. While in the University he was Treasurer of the C. E. Society, Assistant Business Manager of the En- gineering Annual, and Business Manager of the Class of 1912. 191 130 G Q G It . , N Q, 3, TN 1 Q mining industry. He ' A. F. DOUGALL ing on Nov. 17. .... as g 1 latter. After leaving Westville, Illinois A. F. Dougall, seeing the earth at a distance, wended his way hither, arriv- 189'J H 'ing no desire to be adventurous he resided with his parents in Westx'ille and later in Georgetown. Illinois. He attended the public l l ducation in the schools at both of these places, completing his common sc ioo e school he returned to VVest.ville and entered the coal was connected with this until his appearance at Valpa- with his work, he did not neglect his higher education. Valpo he undertook the study of civil engineering. During his residence here. he was an active member of the Civil Engineering raiso. Alt.hough busy Upon his entrance at Society. and served in several offices. Among t.hese being the president ot the Society, and also for two years a member of the Board of Editors for the Engineering Annual. lt is his expectation that upon leaving Valpo he will return to the familiar scenes of his earlier days. LOUIS FORMAN New York Louis Forman, alias "Prof" first came to light at Riga, Russia, April 18. 1889, He left his native land at the age of sixteen and came to New York where he made his permanent home. He chose as his vocation the painting and paper hanging trade at which. as some of us know, he is an expert. After spending several years at his trade and at the same time preparing himself for college, he decided to come to Valparaiso and take up civil engineering. which he did in 1910. Since that time he has been a. good student, very ambi- tious and always worked industriously toward his aim. He has so far made good in all his attempts, and there is no doubt that he will succeed in carrying out all his future plans. The title L'Prof." was bestowed on him as a. honorary distinction for his excellent work in class and his Hall wisenessf' Next year ' ' 1 v f 7. , - . - l f li the '5Prot." will not be with us, fox he intends to talte up more adi ancu xx oi at Cohnnbia University and finish up by getting a. M. E. degree. " 192 GEORGE GIBERSON Jamison Citv Penns 'lvania v Y George Giberson. a product of Pennsylvania, was born in Columbia Co., Feb. 3, 1888. He is a farmer by birth a11d an engineer by choice. The early part of his life was spent in doinl the milkin' on the farm and attending school between times. Finally he completed the common and high schools, and then started teaching. 'LGeorge'7 had a.n idea of remaining permanently in this profession. but after two years, his eyes were clearly opened, and he began to think of something more elevating and promising than school teaching. Finally he looked around about and saw the works of the man who does things -The Engineer-this decided him, he would become an engineer. This was when he decided to come to Valparaiso, arriving, he went at his work with a. vim, and as a resultaccomplislied much during his three years and also showed himself to be of sterling character, winning the highest esteem of his many friends. HYMAN A. GOLDMAN Montreal, Canada In the fall of 1908 the United States received one of the most valuable imports yet received from Canada, it was Hyman A. Goldman, We have never been able to ascertain just what Canada received in exchange for this Gold-man, but if he ever returns it will be a valuable acquisition to Canada. After having received the rudiments of an education in Montreal, he started to do Valpo on the installment plan and succeeded very well. The first installment began in 1908. this lasted for one year, then "Goldy" concluded he would like to move westward. Colorado State College was situated far enough west for him, so he stopped off and took up civil and irrigation engineering work, two years of this was enough for him, so he came back to Valparaiso, joining the class during the fall term, Not very much is known about his work during his iirst visit here, but during the last year he did fine work. and as some members noticed his neatness, he was chosen Librarian for the C. E. Society. This is where he showed his real value, for it is a well known fact that our magazines were never before kept in such an orderly way, 193 che w N at .4-- Q E 1 Q, N G V, 10 f 'p A uu. I CORNELIUS HULTSLANDER Cornelius Hultslander tirst made his appearance on Sept. 4, 1889, at High View, N. Y., a small town on the eastern slope of the Shawangunk mountains, and about eighty miles from the great metropolis. He attended the district schools until 1905 and then entered a Regents Preparatory School at Middle- ton, N. Y. After this preliminary education, he came to Valparaiso and proved to everyone's satisfaction that he was well prepared to take up engineering Work, for after spending two years in this city of schools and churches, he receives his C. E. degree. Hultslander and Pulleyn are the two who are known JESSE GRIUBE Histons City, Pennsylvania Jesse Grube, commonly known as "the demon destroyer," was born in the state of Pennsylvania about a score of years ago. To be more exact about the place l would add that this occurred in the Keystone State. Very early in life, young Grube began to think about his lifels work. engineering. He loved books as a boy, and studied hard, devoting all of his spare time and energy to work. After completing his preliminary education in the public schools of his native city. Grube went to Yale. He remained at Yale a year, during which interval his ability in the work of his chosen profession was further developed. Later. Grube entered the engineering department of Val- paraiso University, where his metliodical and persevering manner of Working gave promise of great future success. Being of a sociable disposition he gained many friends during his stay at Valpo. ' High View, N, Y. as the inseparable twins, for one never sees one without seeing the other, and ' asthey Worked together, recited together, and lived together, they have a well earned title. Hultslander is a firm believer in the doctrine of "get there," but he alwayslikes to take histiine about it. He also believes in Civil Service Exams. and some day hopes to aid Uncle Sam in the Philippines. ld 194 ' E. A. HURME Chicago, Ill. Our President, E. A. Hurme, was born Aug. 14, 1888, and came to Val- paraiso about six years ago. During his six years. stay he 'ventured into other fields of learning and took work in Language, Scientific, Manual Training, in fact he has almost completed everything in the University with the exception of Law, Medicine, Primary, and a. few other minor courses. About three years ago he was inaugurated as one of our 'cnear Profsf' Since his inauguration he has caused more worry and distress among the sur- veyors than any other teacher in the department. He seems to try to make hustlers, like himself, out of them, but he will soon find that this is an impos- sibility. Hurme has always been an honorary member of the 4'Boosters Clubf' for it is a well known fact that during the last few years no one has done more for the C. E. Society and for the class. This boosting work took a great deal of his time, but he always found time to pay visits to a nearby city, and judg- ing from reports his time has not been spent in vain. ' ' R. H. KATTMAN 1 Brazil, 1nd, R. H. Kattman the "Pride of Brazil" was born near that town in 1889 and since that time he has done much to locate it on the map, especially with refer- 61106 to Valparaiso. He is the only Hoosier in the class and we are quite as proud of him as are the people ot Brazil, but we cannot show our apprecia- tion as well, for down in Brazil they made him assistant county surveyor. This happened some time ago, but it gave "Katt" an inspiration, so in the fall of 1909 he came to Valparaiso in search of a college education. Wlieii he first arrived he thought of becoming a second Cooper, but he soon found that it is not good policy to let studies interfere with a college education or with sleep, consequently nix on the 6:30 classes. Also about this time he began to acquire a horror for study and concentration. This made him handy with the ladies and we can speak well Qt his exploits along this line. However, taking "Katt'l in any light and summing up his qualities everyone acclaims him a good fellow and wishes him success in his chosen profession. 195 63 X -"t Z ..,.,, G . TG 1--.A 32' ,rr N G X . .e ... i . sm. H X i i r . G Q0 WP? E. R. MCCUE ' Hastings, Nebraska Uut among the prairies near Hastings, Nebraska, E. R. McCue was horn in the year 1888. Being from Nebraska "Mac" has the running habit, but he gets there. He moved around from place to place, getting his high school education in Kansas and after that a business course in the same state. But Kansas did not please him, so in 1908 he came to Indiana and located himself at Valparaiso. After starting several diiferent kinds of work, he found that the engineering profession needed him, but that he also needed someone. so in June, 15111, he was married to a Buckeye girl. As i'Mac" was the first and only married man in the class. he thought. he was a notch higher up in the scale of civilization than the average run ot students. but whenever anyone succeeded in penetrating his exterior gloss they have pronounced him a good fellow through and through. He is also a. hard worker and a loyal classmau. Most of us knew this. so he was chosen Historian, when holding this position he showed his ability. This will surely be much sought for and his success is assured. H. E. MUNDHENKE Rockford, 1ll. On the 15th of January, 1890, H. E. Mundhenke was born in Vifheeling. lll. At first. he did not like the idea of being a Hsuckerf' so he moved to Vtfisconsin. Here he received his grammar school education, and found that the schools of Wiscoiisiii were not qualified to give him a high school education and for this reason he attended the Rockford. Ill., High School. It was at this place where he first showed that he is a "shark." Wlieii quite a small boy "Mund" began to look forward to the time when he might enter Valpo, however it was not until the fall of 1910 that his desire became a reality. The first day after his arrival he showed his unlimited capac- ity, and by it kept up his record as an all-round student. Soon after his arrival he determined to get all the C. Efs possible, so he joined the Christian Endeavor and it is reported that he got along easier with his two branches of Work than others do with one, but this is easily explained, for '4Mund' is noted for his aloofness from the fair sex. 196 W. J. PATTERSON Chicago, Tll. W. J. Patterson was born in the Windy City-a fearful handicap, yet one which he has overcome with his characteristic ability. 'fPat" drifted in here from Chicago via one of the winds from the Great Lakes. Liking the appear- - ance of the place he stopped off in order to obtain a degree, and for the last few years he has been striving toward that end. Besides being quite an energetic chap, he has an abundance of curls and a well modulated voice. These qual- ities all tend toward making him popular with the fair sex, and never has any heart-breaker wrought such havoc among the gentle sex of Valparaiso as "Pat 'F However, all of his time was not spent in the company of the opposite sex, for by stretching it a little, some of his roommates say that he sometimes did some work. When "l?a.tl' first started he intended, or said he intended, to finish everything, but when he struck calculus it almost finished him. He was ably assisted by everyone of his well wishers and soon pulled through. Every- boqly wishes you success, 4'Patf' F. J. ORTIZ Artago, Costa Rica Francisco Jiminez Ortiz was born in 1890, in Artago, Costa Rica. His early education was obtained at the 4'Liceo of Costa Rica" and having finished there he came to the-U. S, in June, 1906. Soon after l1is arrival he entered St. John 's Military College at Annapolis. One year was all he spent at this place and in September, 1907, he entered Bethlehem Preparatory School and was graduated from there in 1909. The next place for him to visit was the University of Pennsylvania, where he made his debut in engineering. After attending these different places HChico" decided to come to Valparaiso and get educated. He arrived here in the autumn of 1911, and throughout the school year he has applied himself diligently, and has conscientiously performed his duties as befits an Engineer. With his sunny disposition and friendly ways 'tChico" makes friends among all his classmates. He wears a smile which never comes off, Hlld spices every occasion with his jokes and goodfellowship. 197 Kao ev o X i-15 ,.,:- , -' HTN 4 G MANLEY L. PULLEYN Portsmouth, Va. Manley L. Pulleyn was born on April 15, 1891. at Rochester, N. Y., which was his place of residence tor about two years. At the end of that time his domicile became Perry, N. Y.. and vicinity. and continued to be such for a period of about twelve years. He then started southward to the ULand of Dixie" and stopped when he reached Portsmouth, Va. The g'Old Dominion" has continued to be his home up to the present time. He attended the High School there and was graduated in 1909. after which he was attracted toward the Vale of Paradise as a place where he might augment his knowledge. and became a student at Valparaiso University in September, 1909. His first year here was spent among the Scientiiies and at the close of the year he was granted the B. S. degree. But he was not satisfied with this, for he aspired for something higher. so he stayed in Valparaiso and graduates with the Class 57'?'..Hf1':'1f: "" -QE? l , 'I t.', . G ' l ' N , E j 575 E If " CR ,." 1 4 of 1912 with a U. E. degree. f , ' iXA'l'HANlEL A. ROSENBLUM Brooklyn, N. 1. Nathaniel A. Rosenblum was born in that little town across the river from New York, not Hoboken, but Brooklyn. "Rosie" could not help this and it bothered him for quite a while, Finally in the fall of 1910 he decided to quit .' the place and come to Valparaiso. After his arrival, he began to show what he had been unable to show in Brooklyng that is, that he is a genius. No matter what the subject was, they all appeared the same to HRosie," Bridge Design, Differential Equations, Graphic Statics, Masonry Construction, and even Commercial Law, met its fate under his everlasting gaze. It was not only in his class work where he showed up so well, but he has the distinction ot being the best dressed man and the leading ladies' man in the class, in fact he has led some to believe that breaking hearts is his speciality, tor it is known that he has victims all the way between Knox and Wlieele1'. HRosie" has been working quite hard for the last few years, and next year intends to take a vacation in the form of post-graduate work in the University of Michigan. 198 DAVID SLOTE JAMES EDVVARD SELLERS Holyoke, Mass. James Edward Sellers, better known as "Ji1nmie,', is a product of the East, claiming Holyoke, Mass., as his home. He was born June 7, 1889, and received his early education in the schools of his native city, then he came to Valparaiso and immediately joined the National Society of Bluffers. ,Being a members of high standing in this Society, he always taught his fellow-students and Profs. that, 'tWise is he who can make believe he knoweth that which he knoweth not." None of us have stored up as much general knowledge and ex- perience, or are able to display it with as much conviction and persuasive power to the Profs., as '4Jimmie." He has always been active in class affairs, for whenever there was anything doing he was always on the job to lend a hand and to give advice. But barring his occupation as a student, 'tJi1nmie,s,' principal vocation has been baseball in which he has distinguished himself as the star outfielder of the Engineers. He showed up wonderfully at critical times, and by his great catches and his throws from the left garden, he saved many games. He certainly will be missed by them next year. New York City David Slote was born in Russia on July 15, 1888. His parents were anx- ious to give him a liberal education and made a special effort to that end. He received instruction under private tutors in the elementary sciences as well as in the modern languages. Witli his father's death in 1902, the first change in his life occurred. He entered a commercial course of study with a view of following the business his father had been engaged in. His mind, however, was fixed on the engineering profession. David, therefore set forth for America, the land of Liberty. He found in New York City a number of relatives and adopted it as his permanent home. He enrolled in the Civil Engineering Course at Cooper Institute, at the same time earning his livelihood as a clerk. Later he succeeded in obtaining a good position as a bank clerk. but over- looked the banking opportunity for his determined desire of following the engineering profession. In 1911 he came to Valparaiso with one predominant purpose-study. 199 Q0 O Q .,, 9 if.- N E uffa HTN . G Q0 Q70 1 " ' fi . N ,p 'EY ,gs i2Kff7 l ll G THOMAS WILSON Thomas Wilson, called by his classmates, HProf. Thos. Wilson of Oxford," was born at Leeds, Yorkshire Co., England, on April 26. 1885. His boyhood was spent amid the great inanufacturing industries of his native city. He attended the South Accommodation Road Board School until he was twelve years old, then he apprenticed himself to the boilermaking trade. which he followed for seven years and then went to the Scotland Shipbuilding Co. yards at Aunan, the birthplace of Bobby Burns. His next journey was to ' Mexico, where he was engaged in the gold and silver mining industry for MANUEL ANTONIO VIQUEZ San Jose, Costa Rica Manuel Antonio Viquez perceived in a hazy way the light on this terres- trial sphere in the year of 1388. The particular spot of this notable occurrence in the city of San Jose, capital of the smallest but the most progres- sive of the five Central American Republics, Costa Rica. At an early age he was sent to school at his home town. Completing his preliminary studies. he attended the St. John 's Military College at Annapolis, Md. Being of a roving disposition and with a liking for further experience in the methods of the 'United States schools. he shortly left for the Bethlehem Preparatory School located at Bethlehem. Pa. After a duration of two years at this place. finish- ing his preparatory work, in September of 19OSV'he entered the University of Pennsylvania. Here he began the study of civil engineering. For various rea- sons that are doubtlessly vague to himself, after a three years stay, he was on his way to Valparaiso. Entering Valpo last fall, he vigorously applied him- self to hard study. Among his classmates he was always known as a'jolly good fellow, and to those that he came in contact his smile was ever present. Mexico three and one-half years. But 'tTom" always wanted to be an engineer, so he left Mexico and went to the school of mines at Polla, Mo., and from there to Valparaiso, where he has made rapid progress socially, intellectually and pop- ularly. Wilson is big social mind, mixing well with all classes. To know him is to love him. He is genial. big hearted, sympathetic and hard working, carefully doing all his work. His fullest success is assured beyond a doubt. 200 IN MEMORIAM F. G. POINTON Old Forge, Pa. Francis Gr. Pointon, our deceased classmate, was born at Old Forge. Pa., on Nov. 28, 1891. He attended the public schools of his honie town until the year of 1907. At this time he began work at the mines. 'Desiring to secure a college education, he came to Valparaiso in 1909 and enrolled in the civil en- gineering course. On the niorning of July 9, 1912-after completing the survey of Sager's Lake, to which duty he was assigned-he passed away under its blue waters. The next day his body was escorted by his classmates to the station from whence it was sent to his home. The funeral occurred on July 12lth. He was a good and faithful student, always striving to excel in his studies, and would have been graduated with the degree of C. E. this year. Being a young nian of high ideals. his presence was missed by the entire class, and deep sympathy is extended to the bereaved parents. 201 PRESIDENTS ADDRESS Emil A. Hurnie Members of the Engineering Class, Ladies and Gentlemen: wiv N ROAMING through unknown lands, the traveler meets with many obstacles. There is always some 5555: M26 river to cross, always some valley that lies between. Vljlhjf However, to the observing and thoughtful traveler the road does not seem as rocky as it actually is. As he approaches the summit of a hill he surveys the land- scape, selects an objective point ahead. decides upon his path through the valley below, and then proceeds step by step to find his way down the hill, through the valley and up on the other side. Obviously the time to decide upon the path through the valley is when one is upon the hill-top, and is more certain to reach the goal by the shortest route in keep- ing his eye steadily fixed upon the Work ahead. We, members of the graduating class, a.re upon a hill-top this morning. We are shortly to break away from old relations and enter upon new ones. Let us see if we can find a worthy objective point ahead which shall serve as a help and inspira- tion while we Wend our way through the valley. There can be no doubt that some methods are better than others, and some facilities excel others, but after all, the best thing for any man is that which fits him best. Men differ through so wide a range that about the best approximation to 2 high excellence is the presence of large opportunity, facility, and the personality of many men. Witli these factors related by force of gravity, attraction, cohesion, friction and other physical and mental phenomena each person gets that which best fits him and sticks the closest to him. Each of us, acted upon by similar forces during the past few years, have acquired a different kind of education. This is not so apparent now, amidst the levelling tendencies of the conventionalities by which we are all brought to a certain stage at a certain age, surrounded by the same conditions, and there- fore apparently all more or less alike. This day, however, marks our individual departure from conditions common to us all and five years will find us diverg- ing along many different radii. Ten years will find us far apart, Up to this time, some one else has directed us. Hereafter, we shall direct ourselves. Perhaps, under certain terms and con- ditions of employment, we shall think some one else is directing us in a rather firm way, but after all we shall find that we are directing our own destiny, and the apparent direction of others is but the incidental utilization of our best practivities and a desirable restraint of our worst ones. We are going out into the world at a time in which many things differ from their previous conditions. One of the most important things is, that the whole civilized world is turning from the struggle for existence to the adaptation of the world's needs to the available men to fill them. It is the passing from the ages of insufficiency to a period of surplus. Originally in the struggle for existence men fought for food. The race multiplied while the materials and facilities for its subsistance lagged. Wheii any tribe or nation succeed- ed in getting a little more than it needed, some other nation or tribe attempted to take some part away from it. The effort of the individual and the welfare of the nation were p1'actieally a struggle for existence. The development of civilization, however, the arts and the sciences have produced a rich world. The land could more than support its people. The industries have reached the stage where they could give an employment to all and at a good wage, if it was not for the corruption of politics. Broadly speaking, poverty could be unknown, and to-day it only exists because we are not self- informed and self-conscious of what we should do and what we' owe to our country and our neighbor. " Meanwhile transportation and all that attends it has in- creased the radius of individual action, and therefore- of per- sonal opportunity. A man can now pass from one grade of employment in a given locality to a higher grade in another locality of a land three thousand miles broad, quite as easy as 2 he could make the change from one neighboring city to another in the early days. Conditions of life, too, are more fixed, and change of location, even of occupation, involve less risk, hard- ship, or social, physical, or mental disturbance than heretofore. All conditions have, therefore, grown more favorable for every man, with opportunity increasing in geometrical ratio as re- lated to the abilities of different men. The premium on mark- ed ability has therefore, increased, while the reward for capac- ity has become more assured. Vlfith this the standards of performance rise as responsibility grows greater, but to meet this the facilities enabling the man to make the most of his potential ability at an early age, proportionally increase. We are therefore, going out into a well formed world, in which more has been done to prepare it for the exercise of our ability than we have done in the cultivation of our own talent. I do not mean by this that all of the roads have been straightened and the ways paved. The world is still rocky and rough, and we shall find it hard in spots. A great American writer has well said, "If you look straight you will see straight. You cannot think wrong and act right." So let us today in preparing to leave this insti- tution, make up our minds to live to and always stand by what is right and just, and let us be prepared for the active, the energetic and the truly efficient life. CLASS HISTORY E. R. McCue v:4i,5A1 ISTORY is that branch of study which deals with f' 5 the evolution of society through its institutional I I fO1'II1S,. particularly so when pertaining to mental 43'-5. 1 evolution. Its scope is therefore very broad, suffi- ciently broad to take up all activity of the world. Should the history of any one line of activity be written in detail it would include parts of the history of other organiza- tions. In history as in psychology "all is all." But were I to tell the complete history of this Senior Engineering class, it would till volumes, and though much of it would be interesting, a great part would become tiresome to many. Thereby, to enumerate some of the most important events of the few years that We have been together, with what little comment appeals to the author will suffice in this case, and will be striking a happy medium in the capacity of the historian. The class is composed of men from many parts of the Unit- ed States and from several foreign countries. For the last three or four years Valparaiso has been their home, and the University the center of their interest, As of all classes, the class is composed of men of different ranks, some having come here from other colleges While others entered the preparatory department with the View of becoming engineers. For this reason some have been here longer than others, some are more popular than others, and have been a booming factor to the Engineering department. Probably the welfare of the public depends no more on ally one class of professional men than it does on good engi- nee1's. Therefore it behooves the engineer to be a man of the social world, a judge of human nature, from both the stand- point of his success, and pleasure. These preliminary remarks regarding the importance of social events should leave in the minds ot the readers the thought, that the engineers of nine- teen hundred twelve have kept their social standing high, have been wide awake to the demands of the times, and that these years shall be an index to their future. On Saturday, July ninth, nineteen hundred ten, a banquet was given, to which were invited many friends of the class. All that were present at t.his banquet declared it one of the best. It being one of the first undertakings of the class deserves high credit as a prelude to these two years of successful activi- ty. lt is also well worth noting that our president was a very important member at that banquet. October twenty eight, nineteen hundred eleven the Engi- neers assembled in Elocution Hall for one of their social gather- ings. Although every member ot the class was present, Tom Wilsoii was "all alone,', this occasion evidently being the 'first time since his arrival in Valparaiso. The evening passed quickly, and every one was proud of the fact that he was an Engineer. But alas! we find that life has its clouds as well as sun- shine. On Saturday morning, November eighteenth, nineteen hundred eleven, the entire school was shocked by the sad news tha.t death had claimed the dean of the Engineering depart- ment, Professor Martin E. Bogarte. The cloud was dark that hung over the school, and especially over the department of which he was at the head. It is in such circumstances, that We realize the truth of Carlyle's statement, "The great things of history are the history of great heroesf' and the words of Henry Vandike,-"VVe need 'men,' men whom the lust of office does not buy, men whom the trust of office does not try, whole souled, full hearted men." A meeting of the Engineering class was called, and resolu- tions were adopted doing honor to Professor Bogarte. In substance the resolutions were an embodiment of, and a.n en- deavor to observe the statement, "The lives of great men live after them." As a last token of respect to one that all loved, a large wreath of Howers was given by the class. But with his students and acquaintances will ever remain the higher token of respect, the remembrance of his useful work to the world. In passing from one event to others in chronological order, comes the making of Professor R. C. Yeoman dean of our de- partment. Before he had been in his new office long, we no- ticed, lines of deep worry upon his countenance, too deep to be caused by the new responsibilities. And though in every class there are prophets it seems there were none who antici- pated the surprise that came December second, nineteen hun- dred eleven when Professor took the all important step that all should take sooner or later. The Professor and his wife were met at the station upon returning to Valparaiso, and were given a merry ride in the L'One Hoss' Shay." It goes as the sentiment and wish of the class that Mr. and Mrs. Yeoman may live as happily, and attain the blessing and longevity which was characteristic of the life written by Oliver Weritiell Holmes. On January twentieth, nineteen hundred twelve. a banquet was given by the class at Dudley 's Hotel. Before going fur- ther, thanks must be given to Mr. Wilson for acting as distrib- uting agent and most competent man in adjusting the supply and demand of lady friends. We feel indebted to Mr. R. E. Brigham for the success of that banquet. He and his com- mittee worked very hard, but they felt doubly repaid for their labor when they counted one hundred six present. It was de- clared the best and largest attended banquet ever given by any class of the University. One of the saddest events known to our school occurred July ninth, nineteen hundred twelve, when our beloved class- mate Francis G. Pointon of Old Forge, Penn., was drowned in Sager's Lake. I realize my inability to express our thoughts and feelings when I try to speak for the class of our great sorrow. The Engineers lost one of their most faithful and zealous workers, 'tFor where he fixed his heart he set his hand to do the thing he willed and bore it throf' A meeting was called. and a committee appointed to draw up resolutions. Also a committee to send a letter of condo- lence to the bereaved parents. Mr. R. E. Brigham was sent to Old Forge as representative ofthe Hass. He was instructed to buy a floral emblem to be placed upon the grave. The Farewell Banquet which was to be given July tw:-uly seventh was canceled. The Engineers had invited their Pro- fessor and friends but all felt that they could not enjoy an evening of feast with their hearts so grieved by the loss of our dear classmate. ' i So far one might infer that banquets are the only thing that Engineers may have successfully, but a little investigation will correct this thought. In the fall of nineteen hundred nine, the Engineers organized a base-ball team. and joined the ranks in hope of getting the pennant thc following season. Mr. Harry Mead was elected Manager. After a hard iight our team landed the pennant for the season. Our team of nine- teen hundred ten. was not as successful however, and the sea- son closed giving the pennant to the Scientiiics. In nineteen hundred eleven, after some discussion, the Engineers decidei to place the responsibility of managing the team upon Mr. Charles Eberts, with Mr. Elias Klein as representative in the league. Much practicing was done, and at the opening game they produced the fastest aggregration of ball players the school has ever known. By good clean ball playing and co- operation, the team succeeded in winning eight games and los- ing but one. The pennant is ours, and we hope in the future the Engineering ball-team may keep the standard that the team of this class has given it. D The officers of this class are men of good ability. Our president, Mr. E. A. Hurme, is a man of strong personality. He is a native of Finland, having come to this country many years ago. He came to Valparaiso in nineteen l1undred six, and gradually rose to prominence by his determination to succeed, and such conduct as society could only approve. He has been for some time instructor in Plane Surveying, Railway curves, 206 and Topography. The class expects to hear more of Mr. Hurme in the future. Probably next should come our orator. Though the Engin- eering department is not essentially expressive of elocution, but ca11 boast some for Mr. James Sellers, a man capable of handling any subject. If wisdom consists in knowing what is best to do next under any circumstance. James is a wise man. He wears Hthe smile that never comes otff' and it is for every one. James is better known as "Jimmie," especially among the base ball fans where he is heard of as the star left Helder. Wl1G1l you have heard his oration you will admit that he has traversed the fields of knowledge well. and that he is going down in history for the attainment. W Mr. Wilson, spoken of as our Prophet is a man of broad experience. having been born in England, reared in Mexico, and educated in Valparaiso University. No more capable man could have been chosen for the position of prophet. As a great part of prophecy deals with that stage of life which is romantic, it only confirms my former statement that Mr. Wilsoii has been well selected because of his experience. He is popular. and even famous. is a lover of the fair sex, and his name is a household word among the women. Our Poet, Mr. Nathaniel Rosenblum, is a representative of deep thought, always concentrating his mind upon deep and difficult problems, which he always masters. We have great confidence in his ability as a poet a11d engineer. Mr. Slote, our Secretary is so constituted that his post of duty will always find him present at the time of need. His past work has been perfect, and nothing more than a man record need be mentioned of him. Our Historian is a man of few and concise words. By several attempts he has been able to get this history together. that many part never to meet again. I will close the History And it dawns on him now as it never has before that history by stating that we have the deepest feeling of respect for our is a. matter of the past, and with this thought of the good past dear professors, and all the classmates of the class of nineteen and our good times, comes a little regret that it is gone, and hundred twelve. . 1 College Book Store 207 ii HRU all this ve-ir 1 'jj bull of good chem CLASS POEIVI' Nathaniel A. Rosenbluni Gt bl1IJILlI1Li8 tiiendsliip reignedg I V- --N - ' 1 .fgehn geisha 1 ' -. i . . 'r wtf. 1 " 1 A ' ' E W :l b fe - fl Here niust we part, Each comrade heart, To start lite's great campaign. With bettered lnind, And hopes sublime, We enter this swift raceg Some will win By their utinost vim, While some won 't stand the pace. With infinite mass. In our math class, Successfully We playg Why can't we now, By the sweat of our brow, Bring larger things to bay. We will design In every clinie, Structures tall and graudg They'll praise aloud, In accents proud, The noblest work of nian. 208 Not only high Twixt earth and sky, Do we seek glorious toilg But underg'round, Our work is found, Retreat from surface broil. The master mind Begins his climb. At Fortunes bottom rungg The shaky steps, Prolong his quest, The place the prize is hung. Though life be long, And years athrong, We'll live them to the brim Nor fear, nor care, We'll have or share, VVhat holds the future diin. Colne shine, couie rain, Conie joy, coine pain, The Fates We will defyg Witli colors gay, For battle-yea! While the rolling years go bv E GI EERING PROGRESS James E. Sellers INGINEERING, the term that lured each and every Q xilif I o11e ot us from our home and friends. Engineering, the term that has caused us many evenings of hard study. Engineering, the profession in which each one of us is so anxious to start our career. Engineering, to which the progress of our country is due. How many people of this great universe realize what the engineering profession is doing for our country, our people, our education, our own personal welfare in general? Well, says the uninterested, 'tHow about our medical pro- fession, our law makers, the public in general, do they not help in the progress and development of our comm-cy?" Our answer is, "Yes, indeed, but our engineers are the men who have created that desire for progressiveness, they them- selves through untiring eiforts have devised and completed methods that enable us as a nation to become strong a11d noble, and as individuals, to enjoy the luxuries of life as we are now enjoying. " The doctor we know is doing excellent work among us all. He is the one whom we consult when ill or injured, but., the doctor has but one life in every patient depending upon his skill and knowledge. He diagnoses his case and administers the medicine. 2 The lawyer can refer to his law books, look up the techni' cality in question, and perhaps win his case. The engineer however, on the other hand, he who has thou- sands upon thousands of lives depending upon him, he that plans and constructs our large mountainous-looking sky scrap- ers, massive bridges of steel, railroads connecting tl1e Atlantic with the Pacific and carrying so many thousands of people every year, does he not have many more lives depending upon his skill and knowledge? Just consider the responsibility involved in the construe- tion of these different structures. Suppose one should prove faulty, and fail, one, yes thousands of souls would be buried in its ruins. It is true, the doctor has one life depending upon him, but the father of these structures has many more. Our present mode of travel may also be considered, as rail, water, and air, Did mother nature produce them directly? Hardly so. It was our trained engineers who thru hard in- dustrious toil conceived these inventions, and by working day and night developed each and every one to the present stage, and you undoubtedly noticed the engineer is the last. to be giv- en credit for any of our late improvements. Have you ever observed while traveling thru the country or city the large massive bridges spanning a river, and as you look out of the car window you wonder what a terrible catas- trophe would take place if the bridge failed at that moment? Or if observing a tall building you look up, up, oh ! so high, and Wonder when, how, and by whom had these large buildings been constructed? There they stand, day in and day out, their heads towering high into the sky. But how do they become such large structures, does mother nature produce them, do our merchants, our lawyers, our doc- tors, our public in general produce them? No, it is up to our engineer to build and ascertain whether or not they are safe, it is the man whose work is never done, who works half the night so that a certa.in structure may be built and declared safe for the public to use. How many of our doctors, or lawyers could determine the safety of any of our large buildings? The future welfare of our nation is and always will be a problem to be solved by our engineers, they have made the country what it is to-day, and will supervise the construction of it tomorrow, for instance, our army, our navy, railroads, cities, and last of all our Panama cana.l, the largest engineering feat of its kind ever performed, these are all accomplishments of our engineers and are worthy of note. But these are not all, our parks that are so artistically ar- ranged, our beautiful harbors, our well kept sanitary streets are all due to the progressiveness of our engineers. If a water system is to be installed in a. city of any size the first move is to call in a man who is familar with the work in question, and ask for an estimate. This requires utmost accu- racy, many hours, yes weeks of hard Work, much more than the ordinary person thinks, and then after the estimate is finished many more weeks and months of toil before the system is ready for use. Look back if you will fifty years ago, and compare the progress of our nation at that time with the present. VVho is responsible for the present mode of travel from coast to coast, made in a few days. compared with weeks of the old schedule? Who has been the means of you having drinking water, electric lights, heat, and every convenience a person could wish for? You may live in the country these days and if you feel so disposed as to take a ride to town, it is only a matter of a few minutes and you are in town, all business attended to and ready to return home. Yes, dear friends, the future welfare of our country is and always will be a. problem to be solved by men who are devoting their entire life to work of this nature. It is the engineering profession to-day that is developing our country, making a city of a far off remote spot, unknown to a living soul until developed by introducing electric and steam roads, water facilities, paved streets, good substantial buildings, safe bridges, and manufacturing plants if needs be. What else is there to wish for to live and enjoy life? It is men of this grand profession that are masters of ceremonies, and without them progress would be very, very slow. We are graduates of the engineering class of Valparaiso University, are soon to become members of this grand and noble profession, and we should all go into the fight gallantly, re- membering tliat: Gardener Williains, the man who made the Kimberly mines produce S500,000,000 worth of diamonds. John Hays Hammond, one of the greatest mining engineers the world ever produced. Sir Solin Scott-Moncrieif who built the great Egyptian dam, Sir Benj. Baker and M. Eiffel, were all men of broad thinking type, concentrating their thoughts upon the subject in question and seeing that same was Enished. Only by concentration can we ever expect to equip our- selves for deeper penetration, therefore let us be honest, am- bitious and thorough in every undertaking, and with Godls help we are bound to make a success in life. John Trotwood Moore's little poem may well be quoted here: D T'is the coward who quits to misfortune, T'is the knave that changes each day, Tlis the fool who wins half the battle, Then throws all his chances away. There is little in life but labor, And to-morrow may find that a dream, Success is the bride of endeavor, And luck-but a meteor's gleam. The time to succeed istwhen others Discouraged, show traces of tireg The battle is fought in the home stretch- And won-'twixt the Hag and the Wi1'e. As We are to-day so shall we be to-morrow, for it is not what we can do that we take pride in, but what we think we can do and then do. We, as graduates are awaiting the sailing of our ship upon distant seas, the destination of many is very uncertain, but wherever we go, we go for a purpose, and that purpose is to succeed, not from a financial standpoint entirely, but from an educational standpoint as well. As We go forth from this grand institution, let us not con- sider ourselves completely educated and capable of taking the world by storm, but, on the other hand, let us start out with that determination of making good and stick by it. We have a good solid foundation completed for us, and it is now up to each and every one of us to continue the structure. Let us work hard and be loyal to our profession, and above all do not forget the interest at heart of every professor of this school who has devoted his entire time to us during our training, and has developed us to this stage of life. As we leave to go into the world and battle with the various problems, remember whatever success is attained by each and every-one of us, will please each one of the professors of this school. We, the graduating class of 1912, wish to thank them for all past kindness and attention shown us during our entire stay in this University. May God bless them and guide their footsteps during the years to follow, thus enabling them to carry on the good work they are now performing. TI-IE CITY IN Tl-IE SEA Thomas 'Wilson QL' -1155 NE beautiful July afternoon about three weeks ago, I stood on the Mexican coast near the city of Vera Cruz. It was one of those dreamy days when na- ture seems to have spent itself, or is recuperating for some new change, As I stood overlooking the Gulf of Campeachy which joined its silvery arm with the vast depths of Mexico's waves, the freshness of the morning breeze was delightfully refreshing and exhilirating as it came sigh- ing softly over the harbor from the leeward of the Gulf Stream. The rising sun shone from a point when its incident rays form- ed an angle of thirty-tive degrees on the Gulf of Mexico. Not a single ripple disturbed the calm, mirrored bay, peace and quietude reigned supreme. The sun just rising to its zenith shed its effulgent light in wondrous beauty o'er all. Suddenly, as if by magic, the air became impregnated with vapors so thick, that despite the directness of the sun ls rays it was im- penetrable to the vision. A chain of clouds extended along the Gulf to a height of forty palms, and projected nearly down to the level of the sea. Gazing into the placid waters, I was astonished to behold a marvelously constructed city. It was as beautiful as Jeru- salem, as unique and as artistic as Florence, as large as London, and as naive as Paris. The streets were broad and were pav- ed of marble. The sidewalks were of reinforced concrete and were guaranteed to last forever. The buildings on either side were magnificent. steel structures whose collossal strength towered like the rock of Gibraltar, surpassing in their stress and strain anything my most remote imaginations could con- ceive. The architecture was of a new design, surpassing the Gothic. Dorian or Corinthian both in beauty and in imposing grandeur. I beheld gorgeous columns. pilasters,'collonades, arches of enormous strength and superb balconies and palaces, where the inhabitants were engaged in manifold pleasures. There were parks, theatres. churches, schools, in a word, every type of human institution, but what impressed me most was the herculean engineering feats such as mighty bridges stretch- ing their spans and arches over large riversq railroads both elevated and submarineg artificial lakes and canals, and a wonderful electrical sewerage system. Upon enquiry of one of the urbanites of this Cosmopolitan City, I learned that the city had been lately constructed under the supervision of 1912 Engineers. I was imbued with an in- tense desire to know who lived in the buildings, and how they were getting along. I was told no aliens could go beyond the city limits without a guide, I procured this necessary equip- ment, a.nd my guide in strong Spanish accent told me of the wonderful Creations of Engineering to be seen in the city. While walking down the Applied Mechanics Street I marvelled at the efficiency of the electric and railway systems. Every- thing seemed to move as in an Elysian land of dreams. I walk- ed but a block when I heard someone shout to me from the other side ofthe street. Looking in the direction of the sound, I saw Brigham alighting from a street car.' He was smoking an imported Havana and carried a gold headed cane. He was followed by a valet who carried his suit cases, and evening coat. He seemed to watch every movement of Brigham with keen attentiveness, I walked over to his side of the street and clasped his hand heartilyg he was very friendly and we walked down the street a short distance when he invited me into la luxuriantly furnished office. A footman met us at the door and relieved us of our coats and baggage. He told me after we were seated that he was supervisor of a mine whose riches were renowned since the days of the Montezumasg that he was making 55280 per diemg that he was married and his wife had red hair, which, when she entered the office shone like Mars. He told me the whole class, with the exception of Sellers and Wilson, lived in different parts of the city, and that I could telephone to any of them or look them up in the directory if I felt so disposed. Looking into the directory I beheld Dougall who was Mining Engineer in the Calculus Building on Strength of Material Street, where he had been for four years. Into his charge the supervision of the mining plants of the city was placed. I 4 He was also Consulting Engineer for the Municipal Light Commission. He accorded me a cordial welcome as I entered the office in which he was awaiting me. Dougall told me that just across the corridor the offices of the Mexican Central R. R. Company were located, and that I might find Goldman, Hultslander, and Pulleyn who had been lately installed in the offices. I found Goldman bent over a drafting board laying out a sewerage system for a part of Toluca, where a new line of the Railroad was being built. He was assisted in his work by Hultslander who was smoking a cigarette and trying to whistle at the same time "I-Iymno Nationale," the Mexican National Hymn. Pulleyn, they informed me. was out of town supervising some construction work. Hultslander told me that it was being planned to establish the firm ot Goldman, Hult- slander and Pulleyn as soon as a suitable suite of offices could be secured. Goldman said that Rosenblum and Forman had offices on Analytical Geometry Street, also on Fifth Avenue, New York, where they were both busily engaged at that time. He showed me a letter which he had lately received from Rosenblum, in which Rosenblum asked how things were in the city in the sea. Wliile Goldman dictated an answer to Rosenblum. I sent a wireless dispatch' to Forman who was then rejoicing over the arrival of a new-born son. He also sent me a wireless message in return inviting me to visit his family. He also said that he had invented an egineering device for draughtingg that Rosen- blum and he were competing very vigorously with each otherg that Rosenblum had secured the contract for a five hundred thousand dollar railroad much to his house's disappointment. After an hour 's pleasant conversation with my dear classmates, I walked down the street. My attention was attracted to a large glass window of a building that projected out conspicuously from those on either side. I read the sign, "J. J. Giberson, Electrical Engineer. Special attention given to Mining Elec- trostaties and Illumination." I went into his office and his stenographer. who was busily engaged i11 writing, told me to sit down a while as Mr. Giberson would be in in a short time. I l After I had been waiting for fifteen minutes he came into the office. I hardly knew him so changed was his face, but the old time voice and laugh of Valparaiso days were unchanged. He told me Hurme was teaching in one of the largest Universities in the city, and that he had worked out some new algebraic formulae, greatly simplifying the affected quadratic and pure biquadratic equations. He also worked out formulas of im- mense advantage to the civil engineer in field work. We found it impossible to visit with him very lo11g as he was busily engaged with his class work. Hurme, however said that he would take us around the university grounds in his limou- sine the following Saturday. Wliile looking in the City Direct- ory I saw the name E. R. McCue catalogued as Superintendent of the Matamoras, Nacionale, Vera Cruz Railroad, I telephon- ed to him and he invited me on a. special car to meet him at his home, which was a large. magnificent mansion about which tlow- ers, trees, and fountains and a. large orange orchard lent rich coloring which greatly beautified the picturesqueness of the place. It was Sunday. I shall never forget the trip we made in the special car over l1is railroad to the different points of interest on the road. His wife came along with us bringing their two youngest children, a small boy of six, and a little girl of four summers. They were both beautiful children, and seem- ed to enjoy the trip more than any others of the party. You could hear their merry laughter a mile away. Mac told me that Kattman had become a Lawyer and that he was enjoying a lucrative practice. I looked him up in the Directory and de- cided to see him that day as he had a very important case in court. Upon entering the courtroom, I beheld him in the act of cl1arging the jury prior to their giving the decision of the case. I need not say that he waxed eloquent, for in spite 2 of the immense testimony ofered against, him, he won the case. I-Ie took me to the Royal Astronomical Cafe, where we had a sumptuous banquet. Wliile here, he showed me papers which evidenced that he received one hundred thousand dollars in his last case for a retaining fee. He also told me that he did considerable collecting for his Engineering classmates in the city. I bade him good-bye with considerable reluctance on his part, for he would have me stay longer. However the stress of my private affairs made departure necessary. I had hardly left Kattman when on the street a few mo- ments later I met Patterson. He was wheeling a baby carriage and had a train of young ones following him, I asked if he was directing an aggregation of school children in physical culture exercise and he answered: "No, I am going home. These kids are all mine." I said, "Pat, how on earth do you support all these?" He informed me that he was a Doctor of Medicine, and not only made enough money to support them well, but had plenty of money invested in real estate and a large farm be- sides. Suffice it to say Pat had made good in the fullest sense of that term. I boarded a street car and met Slote. who was just leaving the city for New York. He informed me he had property in Gotham which needed his personal attention. He said he was making money and I didn 't doubt it a bit for he carried a roll large enough to choke a cow. I asked him if he knew where Sellers was. He said he did. I asked him where, and he said he had just left the city to go to La Cuidad de Mexico, as he had lately been appointed Superintendent and President of the Nacionale Silver and Gold Mining Company. He was esteemed throughout the country, and his name was spoken in every mining camp in the world, for he had become one of the vt highest paid men in the Engineering profession. After visit- ing Sellers for two days, during which time he showed me through the vast mines that he owned, I was again forced to leave because' of urgent business matters. I was going to my hotel when I met H. E. Mundhenke, on Mathematics Street. Being a great center of Mathematics, I was not surprised to find his section of the city representative of the greatest exact- ness. Mundhenke was busily engaged in revising the Calculus text, and was also working on the fourth dimension, which he expected would become a reality in a few years. He told me that I might see Walter G. Black at his home on Sound and Light Avenue 'ioff Cloud St." After a day's visit with Mund- henke, I called on W. G. Black. I was surprised to lind that Black was regarded as a high authority on engineering. He was the Consulting Engineer of all the railroads which the Mexican Government owned and controlled. The duties of this important position, however, occupied but little of his time, and left him for the most part, to the leisure of retirement. He had a large and loving family, his home was of the latest fire-proof design, and was presided over by a beautiful queenly wife. He wanted me to spend the summer with him, but I had so much business to attend to that I had to forego that delightful pleasure. Black had as assist- ants in his governmental work, H. A. Viquez and F. Jimenez. These Porto Ricans being habituated to the climate and being able to speak the language of commerce, which was Spanish, were well fitted to capably assist him in his work. Moreover, having lived in the Mexican country all their life, with the ex- 2 ception of their college days, they were in every way fitted to dea.l with the geological topography of their native land. Both were kept busy at the work for Black insisted that everything be done with thoroughness. Owing to the excellent training of their Alma Mater, the Valparaiso University, they were well qualified to do anything in their line of work. Last, but not least, comes Jesse Grube, Ph. D., C. E. and a Chemical Engineer by choice. His work per- formed in an elaborately equipped laboratory. His most re- cent Scientific achievment was the manufacture of genuine dia- monds. I-Ie so arranged protoplasm that it performed all the functions of life except reproduction. Foremost among the men of his time, he was highly honored. President of the Roy- al Society of Engineering of the City in the Sea, City Chemist, Health Commissioner, and other great and well deserved titles were his. Wlien he saw me he put his Bunsen Burner out, placed his apparatus away, and took me to his home which was at a block 's distance. His wife, a beautiful woman of charm- ing personality, accorded me a hospitable welcome. Never have I been more royally treated, in my life. His family con- sisted of six boys and three girls, and his was a happy home. Grube was mayor of the city. He pointed with pride to the fact that 'tThe City in the Sea,'l the city of the Nineteen-Hun-W dred and Twelve Engineers, was the most beautiful and best. governed city in the world. It was true, for in this city peace and honor dwelt and virtue lived forever, thc purest love was here and the cause of the righteous reigned in all things. LIVING liaccalaureate Address by Prof. L. F. Eennett vgygisgv ALL like to live. The greatest force in all living X nature is the will to live. Because human beings ablior annihilation they have invented explanations ' Q Q of many kinds to explain to their own satisfaction the carrying on of the activities of lite after death. Living means activityg to be something: to be soinebodyg it means to have ideals and to strive to attain those ideals. Deep down in our hearts we all admit to ourselves that we want to do those things that are most worth while. VVe want to be helpful to those about us. We realize that he who gets most out of life puts most into it. "He who would be greatest must be the servant of all." This requires effort. It demands continuous, painstaking, intelligent, honest effort. There are no short cuts. Those who have tried any but the straight and narrow way have sooner or later failed. The earth has not changed a second in its time of rotation in centuries, and we believe it will continue to rotate. We say that it rotates because of the unchangeable law ot gravity. There are just as unchangeable laws of human conduct. They are considered unchangeable because they have been tried by thousands of persons and they always bring the same results. Those who have tried other ways admit they have made a mis- take and too often after all or nearly all of their life is spent. "tNo one who leads a worthy life doubts for a minute that life 216 is worth living." t'No man nor nation ever accompislied any- thing in opposition to nature 's laws." There is a new science known as eugenics or good living. The students of this science believe that a very important fact- or in the making of a good life is to be well born. Some one has humorously said that Hone Cillllf be too particular about choosing his grandfather." We are paying great attention to the breeding of cattle and hogs and too often neglect all in the generation and development of the luunan kind. A very large per cent of the thousands of the simple minded. paupers, insane and many types of criminals have come from the same kind of parents. This is known to be true, and still society is doing little or nothing to prevent it. And when some broad minded person suggests means to prevent this breeding of the undesirable he is frowned upon and is told that it is unchristian, inhuman, brutal to even hint about such a thing. A very great deal of the suffering is due to the sins of the parents. Children through no will of their own are brought into the world defective. They must suffer and perhaps never know a healthy day because, well because, society allows it. Some day in the not very distant future most of this suffering will be prevented. The defective person will receive the best of care, but society will be sure he will be the last of his kind. The student of good living is much interested in the gen- eral problem of health. In some countries seventy-five per cent of the children die before they are live years of age, and fifty per cent before they are one year old. A very great deal of the suffering is due to ignorance, but some do know better and don 't care. Some think they are shrewd enough to break the laws of life and escape the penalty. People must be taught how diseases are carried and the necessity of absolutely obey- ing the laws in regard to them. It requires an effort to just live in our complex civilization with all of its requirements. An awakening of the public conscience is needed and a willing- ness on the part of each one to act according to the best of his knowledge. An easy life is an ineffective life. Energetic and wide awake people are necessary. To be the best kind of a person is first to be a good animal. Wliat is better than to have a good digestion, a good circulation and the power to take good long breaths and enjoy them J! No problem adapted to that person is too great for him to attack. The world stands inviting him to battle, he accepts the chal- lenge and is victor in the combat. It is not necessary that you should weigh two hundred pounds and be six feet tall but that all there is of you should be of the best material. In such a body there is a better chance. for the sane a.nd well trained mind, one that "sees things in their natural orderf' that sees things as they really are and has the courage to call them by their right names. lVe need more who believe that all necessary work is honorable and who are not afraid to do it. The man who digs in the ditch and who does it well is just as honorable as he who sits in the president ls chair. If we are giving service we are doing well. There are hordes of inefficient workmen who are incapable of doing good work. A few are to be blamed but more are to be pitied. There are too many people who do things by halves. The standing room is all taken by them and it is at the bottom of the ladder. They take no pride in that which they are doing. They call themselves unlucky. HThe laborer is worthy of his hiref' and they are getting all they earn. The rewards of the intelligent workman do not sur- prise him. He gets what he has a right to expect. He is paid a good wage for his work and that is all. We are spending millions to train the intellect of our young and feel that it is not wasted. Intellectual capital is the best possible capital. Perhaps some of you have not even your car fare home but you are not considered paupers. You have that which can be exchanged in any market for money. The power and the will to do work. Education should fit a man to do better all kinds of work and not unfit him for any kind. The educated man can fit so much better into the various walks of life. 'fThere is nothing more practical then knowledge, noth- ing less practical than ignorancef' A well known educator has said, 'tEducation is something more than going to school for a few weeks each year, it is more than knowing how to read and write. It has to do with character, with industry and with patriotism. Education tends to do away with vul- garity, pauperism and crime, tends to prevent disease and disgrace and helps to manliness, success and loyalty. 'Ignore ance leads to all those things that education tries to d-J away with and it tends to do away with all those things that educa- tion tries to cultivatef' A certain young man of my acquaintance was a graduate of a technical school of this state. After graduation he wi-nt to Chicago for work. He began at the bottom in a large cor- poration and in less than one year time he occupied a trusted position with hundreds of men under him. He had no special aptitude for his work. He did have, however, a trained mind. Men who had worked years could not advance. He passed through all their different positions and he did their work, too. There was no pull of any kind. He advanced because he could do the work. He could give results and they are wha.t count. What this man has done has been repeated by several others in the same corporation. This young man was willing to spend years in preparation. The great trouble with too many young people is they are not patient enough to prepare themselves. They do not know that a cheap preparation is the least practical, and that that only which tends towards permanence is best. They do not seem to realize what efficiency really means. They do not have that high moral purpose in their work that is satisfied only with the best that can be done. Their ideals are narrow and low. They do not know that by plowing the field better, by being more pleasant in the store, by building the house warmer and more secure, by making a better pair of shoes, a. better coat, in short, by being more honest in their work they are contributing to the happiness of hundreds of people. It is said on every side that it is almost impossible to get workmen that can be implicitly trusted. In the schoolroom the teacher must watch to see that no one is cheating. It is a sad commentary on our educational system that students who are supposed to become the moral as well as the intellect- ual leaders of their communities can not be trustedg and it is hard to understand how a person can use an interlinear trans- lation and ever look his teacher in the face. These are the ones who are the poor workmen who will beatyou if they can, and who do as much or more than the so-called criminals to reduce the moral standard of this country. This type of an ideal will sink a Titanic. There is something about the person of honor that is hard to describe, but he makes one take a. new hold on life when we meet and know him. He can see a beauty and a usefulness in all that he does. The furrows are plowed deeper and more corn is grown, honest measure is given at the store, a few needed extra nails prevent the house being blown over, the bet- ter shoes and warmer coat enables the courier to cross the mountains and deliver his message. This type of ,man builds up a ship Hwithout a dishonest bolt in her" and will see that it is so well equipped tha.t when the catastrophe comes the passengers are saved. Such a man is ready to act in the emergency. His whole life is a preparation for that supreme and crucial moment in which the life of an individual or perhaps of a nation is at stake. The great Darwin spent twenty years gathering and classifying material after his return from his voyage around the world 'before he wrote "The Origin of the Species." He was then ready to carry all before him. His arguments for and against the idea for which his book stood and still stands have not been successfully refuted. Although an invalid for fO1'ty years he did a work that has perhaps never been surpassed in magnitude and importance, and for which he has been called the intellectual liberator of the world. Nothing was too trivial for his notice. He was a master of detail. And in the pres- ence of the great thought, the creation of his own brain, which was to shake the very foundations of the world of learning he was supremely humble. To be prepared is part at least of the secret of genius. Agassiz, the greatest of Zoologists was always at work, in sea- son and out of season. Wliile on a vacation trip to Brazil he gathered eighty thousand specimens for his museum at Har- vard. He bubbled over with information and enthusiasm con- cerning his favorite subjects, and he had the power to interest all who would listen to him. Many times when less persistent persons would have given up, and it seemed impossible for him to go further, friends came to his aid and he was able to ac- complish more than he had ever hoped to do. 't'l'he world stands aside to let any man pass who knows whither he is going." He had that 'tiniinite capacity for taking painsf' and of enlisting the help of students and laymen wherever he went. He was kind, warm hearted, more exacting of himself than of others and willing and ever ready to commend good work wherever he saw it. . To Agassiz a physical fact was as sacred as a moral prin- ciple and the animals that he studied were but the expressions of the ideas of the Creator. He was reverent, he was consid- erate of the opinions of others and rejoiced in the advance- ment in other fields of knowledge as well as in his own. He was a great Hhunian man." He shortened his life several years because he would not rest. He liked the people of America because so many wanted to learn and he wished to do his share in teaching them and showing them Nature as he saw her. His last public appearance was at a lecture before a farmer's institute. No teacher of modern times has had a greater influence over students and associates than he, Not all can be an Agassiz but all can represent the high type of manhood, the industry, the willingness to help and the ideals of such a one. Read the biography of the world's great and you find a great purpose in the life of each one. Some were born rich, 2 others poor, but they all traveled the same road, that of hard work in order to attain their ideal. A great deal is said today about the advantages of the poor boy and girl over that of the rich. "I congratulate you young man and young woman because you were born poor," is a statement often heard on the lecture platform. They hold up to our view the lives of many of the world's great: Ben- jamin Franklin, the poor printer, Thomas Edison, the news- boy, Abraham Lincoln, the railsplitter, and numerous others. Let me tell you they were great in spite of being poor. Did you ever consider how few of the immensely large number of poor boys and girls ever rose to greatness? There is no virtue in having nothing, even though it is so common, any more than in being rich. It is what you are that counts. be born a son or daughter of the rich involves greater re- :Afro sponsibility and demands a better education and training than to be born with an iron spade in the hand." VVe hear so much today of the life of service. The Great Master spent thirty years preparing for three years of service and no one has left a greater impression nor a higher ideal than He. although his life was spent with a simple people. It was He who showed us the difference between the doctrine of Han eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth " and that of the golden rule, the difference between barbarism and the highest civiliza- tion. Did His life pay? This is a question that each one must answer for himself. Most of the world 's heroes are uncrowned heroes. Many have lived their lives in out of the way places and few have heard of them. But you go into their communities and you will soon find that some great man or woman has been there and has done much too soften the lives and smooth over the rough places of the many with whom they have come in con- tact. Franklin said, ftDiligence is the mother of good luck." But diligence without intelligent direction amounts to little. Work without a purpose is of little avail. The man best able to cope with the problems of life is the educated man. He is t.l1e genuine man Hwhose personal influence is one of the strongest moral forces we have." He is the efficient work- man, the man not out of a job. Recall for a minute those whom you know and who have an influence for the good. They are the intelligently industrious. They are not lazy. They stand for something. When great moral questions arise you do not have to ask on what side they are to be found. You know they have the courage of their convictions. Their life without a word spoken is a continuous example of good citizenship. They are the people "who make the whole world wholesome." Again, an intellectual training in school and out of school is helpful in developing a life most worth the living. An edu- cated man is good company for himself as well as for others. He sees that relation between cause and effect that makes this a world of law and not of caprice. The difference between an educated man and an ignorant man is the difference between order and chaos. "An ignorant man stumbles over small obstacles because he does not understand them." The most ignorant savage can see the sun rise as well as the most intelli- gent person, but it required a Newton to explain why. The farmer knows that certain soils are better for one crop than for another and that a certain preparation is necessary for that crop, and he plants his seeds accordingly. He isan edu- cated man and he acts like one. He is as much educated for his work as is he of any of the so-called learned professions. Mother Nature never tells him any lies and he believes her im- plicitly. lf he can make one kernel more of corn to grow on an ear he can add millions of dollars annually to the value of the corn crop. The scientist in his laboratory is taught the same laws and he is able to make the wonderful discoveries that have done so much to save life. We understand what the farmer is doing and would consider him a failure should he do other than he does: but the scientist. because he is often working with ma- terials which we little understand, we call a dreamer. Dr. Ross worked two years in India trying to find the malaria fever germ. He was confronted by almost insur- mountable obstacles. He didn't know what mosquito to look for, nor did he know what he was looking for would look like when he found it. He dissected and examined with the great- est care a large number of mosquitos before he found the right one, and now the cause and prevention of malaria are known, and as a result thousand of lives are saved each year. lt was Dr. Walter Reed of the United States Army who with several assistants found that a certain mosquito was the sole carrier of the yellow fever. One of the greatest triumphs of modern times, if not of all times, was what the American doctors did in Cuba.. When Havana was first invested by American troops it was one of the worst yellow fever infested cities in the world: and when the soldiers left the city the plague was completely under control. Our soldiers have done many things of which we may justly be proud, but it seems to me that they all sink into insigniiicance compared with what the medical corps so quietly did. No true American can read of their work in Cuba without being proud that he is of the same country as these hard working self-sacrificing physicians. Under the direction of Colonel Gorgas Panama has been changed from one of the most deadly places on the earth to one of the healthiest. This almost herculean task of cleaning up of this narrow strip was possible because of the painstaking work of the student with the microscope that preceded it. The germ of the bubonic plague was found to be carried by Heas and that these Heas were spread by rats. Immediately after the discovery students went to the plague infested spots of Asia and tried to relieve them. Most of the Asiatics would do nothing. Their religion taught them that it was wrong to kill rats as well as other animals. This religious prejudice could not be overcome Hlld the people were left to die. The Japansese were an exception. An imperial edict was issued to kill the rats. The rats were killed and Japan had no plague. San Francisco witnessed a fight with the plague a few years ago. Dr. Blue was placed in charge. The Work was systematized. The help of the business men was sought and given, and a number of assistants were engaged. The city was placed under the control of the health department. Rats were caught by the hundreds and labelled and carefully ex- amined for fleas. The result was the tracing of all eases of the bubonic plague to the fleas. Another triumph for intelli- gent action. Who gets the most out of life, the ignorant and superstitious peoples or the intelligent ones who know the value of scientific work and who are willing to be governed by the results of this kind of work? Few, comparatively, have heard of the men who have spent their lives studying means to save life and in some cases have lost their lives as a result of this study, but most all have heard of those who have gone to battle to kill and they never tire of talking of their bravery. We erect monuments to and deliver oi-ations eulogizing those whose greatest deeds were to destroy their fellow men. At the same time we are studying how to preserve life. The governments of the world are increasing their appropriations for their armies and navies. The United States spends enough on one battleship to more than pay for the drainage of the swamps of this state and make it possible for hundreds of peo- ple to live in health and happiness by giving them tillable land free from mosquitos. lt is to be hoped that the arbitration courts will so increa.se in power and popularity that all our national differences may be settled in a peaceful way, and that in the not distant future the nations will cease taking the flower of their manhood from the useful walks of life to fill their armies and to man their ships. The intellect of the well rounded man is more than a cold and feelingless machine. A person with a trained intellect may be a criminal, but it is seldom the case. It is usually quite the reverse. The truly great are sympathetic, they are altruisticg they have the good of their fellowmen at heart. Their work is constructive and helpful. To them "the gods are at the helm and they will have nothing but the best." Thinking in straight lines can't help but to build character. '4Knowing right and doing it is the basis of character build- ing." "The moral character is based on knowing the best, choosing the best and doing the best. lt cannot be built on imitation. The growth of man is the assertion of individual- ity." f'History is the record of the act of robust man." That person is not truly living unless he is a help to his community, and in order to be a help he must have a genuine desire to help. This desire is not something he can put on or off as the occasion demands. It must be present every day and in everything he does. He does not wish to get something for nothing. He knows that dynamite is the tool of the cow- ard. To him hthe problem of life is not to make life easier, but to make men stronger." Every day 's work has a place in the formation of character. "Life is a progress and not a stationfi Wl1a.t is needed more than anything esty in thought and action. honesty that is above dollars and cents. He that has that kind of honesty has the greatest asset that a man can have. He can be trusted. His word is as good as his bond. It requires years to build up such a reputation else is honesty. hon- and it is a struggle to keep it in this day when success is so ofte11 measured by the dollar sign. "NVhen a men is alone with gold he is alone with nothing." You my young friends, may not attain great wealth nor coveted position. but you can be honest. Remember that Mother Nature never makes a mistake when she adds. '4That which ye sow. shall ye also reap" is just as true as that the sun will rise on the morrow. You cannot afford to barter your good name for anything. Your purpose in life is everything. Let your mission be to combat fraud. May you be able to keep your own self-respect and to always look the world in the face. Remember that each step upward is a step won for humanity. The world and life are before you. Don't forget the best. "There is no higher wisdom than to live here and now. live our highest and best, partaking of all good things in moderation." I wish you good health. good habits, plain living, clear thinking, high efficiency and a long life. 2 , - ,2 ,, ., nn -Tommy gets up to study Calculus. -Tommy goes back to bed. -Forman puts four cold ones on the ice. -Hurme and Dougall rob the ice box. -"Rosie" turns over in bed and sights alarm clock. ' -Hultslander and Pulleyn start for school. Prof. Goldman calls roll of Club Swing- ing Class. Class dismissed-no one present. -Sellers starts for Forman's ice box. -Roll call and eats-no one present. First bell. -"Pinkie" and girl start for 6 o'clock breakfast. Cement Laboratory begins-two present lProf. and Ass't,J -Giberson and Brigham sweep out Com- mercial Hall. -"Pat', feeds pony for 9 o'clock exam. "Rosie" has breakfast brought to bed. -Kattman sneaks in bacteriology lab. -Calculus sharks arrive-Grube in the lead. Prof. Cloud calls roll-sharks still arriv- ing. McCue gets first bawling out. -Prof. Black and apparatus arrive on the Hill. -Slote seen flirting with cook-he missed breakfast. -Forman and Sellers start for town with suit case. -Viquez buys daily supply of candy. -Chapel-Tommy getting up. ENGINEERS' DAILY R-OUTINE 30-"Pinkie" and girl start for Sager's. 36-Mundlienke and Jiminez follow artillery. 00-"Pat" and pony arrive. 01-Artillery reinforced by Brigham. 08-The "inseperables" arrive. 40-Prof. Yeoman and bike sighted in the distance. 11-Masonry Construction-Prof. explains dam theory. 15-Slote and Goldman discussing Socialism. 30-Black's wife calls up-baby's got new tooth. 43-Jiminez on sixth lap around campus. 47-"Pat's" pony balks. 00-Bull Durham analysis-everyone awakes. O2-Hobble skirt sighted by Jimmie. 0214-Mad rush for door-Tommy in the lead. 05-Engineers quartette render "Hurme rinse the can, the glass is coming." 08-Second bell-funeral march to class. 45-Prof. Black shows stars to Astronomy class-Kattman, Brigham, Giberson, etc. 10-Strength of Materials-impact demon- strated upon McCue's head. 45-Restlessness-cause-odors from Hotel de Heritage. 00-Double quick rush for "hash." M. 02-Hurme and Dougall serve soup. 15-"Pinkie" stuffs pockets full of biscuits. 30-Viquez and Jiminez watching Altruria windows. 43-Fishing trip discussed. 58-Mundhenke still eating. 223 15- 30- 08- -Chuck. 38- 00- 32- 30- 00- Afternoon session starts-fishing trip still main topic. Black and family start for outing to Flint Lake. 17-Grube and wife follow. Bunch goes surveying. "Rosie" poses for diving Venus. Seminary-Slote reads paper on "Ad- vantages of Sagerologyf' -Slote proceeds to demonstrate with an Altruria maiden. Industrial Chemistry-afternoon nap- Timmons master of ceremonies. Jiminez makes a "star" recitation in Spanish. -Goldman washing a celluloid collar- date with East Hall queen. -Pulleyn and Hultslander begin astron- omical observations-accompanied. Black and family retire. Kattman and Grube seen flirting with Lyric pianist. Brigham takes a "Knapp" Slote and Grube observed darning socks. Taps-nighthawks start for town. 01-Engineers' quartette render, "You must wear rutlies on your nightshirt or you won't get a second piece of pie."' Lights out-Engineers exempt. Giberson and Viquez seen descending Lembke Hre-escape. ' "Rosie," Jiminez and "Pinkie" continue studying. Nighthawks start to fly. F ENGINEERING BASE BALL TEAM HE University League opened with teams represent- ing the four classes that usually contend tor base- ball honors. Soon after the league opened there arose disagreements among the league representa- tives, which for a short time, gave matters an aspect of some seriousness. The Engineers crossed bats with the Lawyers in thelnrst game, and administered a beating to our legal friends. The ex- citement of the game was increased by demonstrations of class spirit. Theltooting of a horn in the grandstand caused a melee among the rooters. -2 VFBCJI ug' ' 'MH 415W 1 After winning the Erst two games, the representatives of the Orange and Black, seemed over confident, for in the third game they were defeated by the Pharmic-ltledic squad. The Engineers had a substitute in the box, but perhaps the extra- ordinary amount of determination which the P. M. team put into the game, brought them the victory. Some one said the Engineers lost to encourage others, but why was the coat of white wash essential for such encouragement? However the first defeat was also the final one which the Engineers sustained. All other games they counted as vietor- ies. The games of June 15th were forfeited, due to the closing of the school year for the Pharmics-Medics and Lawyers, result- ing in the disbanding of the ball teams which represented those classes. The Chautauqua being held at University Park, the game 225 ot June 22nd was played at the fair grounds. The result of this game was that the Engineers won from the Scientifics by a score of 9-3. This victory won the championship for the Engin- eers and closed the season. , Probably the most note-worthy feature of the pennant win- ning team was the manner in which Boyle, the one armed play- er, managed his one hand to such good advantage when he was in the box or the field. In conclusion it must be said, that the appreciation of the class goes to the untiring efforts of "Chick" Eberts and his team-mates. The schedule of the season was as follows: April 13-Pharmic-Medios, 45 Scientitics, 5. Lawyers, 4, Engineers, 7. April 20-Scientifics, Engineers, 4. Lawyers, 3: Pharmic Me-dies, 2. April 27-Pharmic-Medios, 95 Engineers, O. Scientifics, 7, Lawyers, 6. May 4-Lawyers. 4g Engineers, 7. Pharmie-Medios, 5g Scientitics, 2. June 8- Lawyers, 0, Engineers. 1. Scientincs, 3g Pharmic Medics, 2. Y June 15- Scientitics vs. Lawyers. Forfeited by Law- yers. Engineers vs. Pharmic-Medios. l+'orfeitf-rl by Pharmic-Medios. June 22-Engineers, 95 Scientifics, 3. l- THE MANUAL TRAINING CLASS Harry Tregear g C I RIOR TO 1903 the management of Valparaiso Uni- versity saw the necessity of establishing a depart- ! ment in which students might have the opportunity to prepare themselves for teaching work along vocational lines. This necessity arose from the fact that industrial and vocational studies had become important as a part of the curriculum of the public schools and the train- ing of the hand and eye bid fair to stand on equal footing with the languages, mathematics, and the sciences. Witli this idea. in view the Manual Training Department was established in the summer term of 1903 with Prof. H. M. Appleman at its head. The aim was to give to all who desired a thorough and practical training in the subject. V In the fall term ofthe same year Prof. H. F. Black became the head of the department. Prof. H. M. Appleman again took charge in the summer term of 1904. Two years afterwards Prof. Black resumed the work, He has held the position until the present date. The original room was the west half of the south wing of Commercial Hall. Two benches and two lathes were installed. The power for the lathes was furnished by a gasoline engine. Later electrical power was substituted. Because of increasing demands for space the room was enlarged from year to year and additional machinery was installed until, today, the shop t V i 227 occupies the entire ground floor of the south wing of the build- ing, The west wing contains a modern draughting room for our convenience. The department graduated its first class of four members in 1906. Each year the class has increased in membership and now at the seventh animal commencement those graduated number twenty. Since the establishment of the department a total number of eighty-four students have received diplomas which confers upon them the degree of Bachelor of Manual Training CB. M. TJ We have not only the largest number of graduates this year, but we are also the most energetic and ambitious. This can readily be seen by glancing over the minutes of the Arts and Crafts Club, an association composed of the Manual Train- ing students. This association has for its purpose the read- ing of papers and the discussion of up-to-date subjects pertain- ing to our work. The organization was effected by a meeting called by Prof. Black, Dec. 21, 1911. After Prof. Black gave us a talk on the purpose of the organization the following offi- cers were chosen: Harry V. Johnson, presidentg D. Pack- wood, secretaryg Robert Kegg, treasurer, Harry Tregear, class editor.. The work of the association began with enthusiasm which was carried throughout the year without diminution. E. N. Bowers ..... N. G. Deniston ,,.,, J. F. Engerson ..... Bernard Hensen ...... Everett M. Hiler. ........ . Lynn De F. Hunt Wilbur S. Jackson Harry V. Johnsen Robert Kegg Elizabeth Koontz ..... President ....,.. Secretary ......, MANUAL TRAINING GRADUATING CLASS .......West Milton, Ohio .........Sardinia, Indiana ............Lake Odessa, Mich. ......Manitowoc, Wisconsin .,......Columbia City, Ind. ...,....Morris, New York ......,.Battle Ground, Ind. ..............Davenport, Iowa ........C1areInont, California .............Olean, New York CLASS G. Deniston S. Wood Alfred W. Little George H. MacCoach .... Raymond H. McDonnell ...... ..... D. Packwood ....... . ....... .. R. E. Shaw ........ J. R. Lamer ............ G. A. Thompson ....... Harry Tregear ...... Nellie Walker ..... L. S. Wood ....... OFFICERS Treasurer ....... Class Editor ..... 228 ........North Bay, Ont. ....Buffalo, New York .East Liverpool, Ohio .....,,..........Salen1, Ind. ,.............Argos, Ind. ........Plyn1outh, Ind. City, Pa. ......Ishpe1ning, Mich. .......Rising Sun, Ind. .........Mt. Carmel, Ill. ...Harry V. Johnsen ........Harry Tregear MUSIC DEPARTME "Music teaches the art of development most exquisitely."---D'Israeli GRADUATES DIPLOMA COURSE Piano Gosch, Loy M. .......... ....., ......................... . . . ......,. Freeport, Michigan Voice Williams, Harry Ernest ............................ Llanclly, South Wales, England TEACHERS CERTIFICATE COURSE Pipe Organ Amstutz, Fannie S. ..... ,.,,,.................... ....... V a lparaiso, Indiana Piano Amstutz, Fannie S. ...,.............. ................ ....... V a lparaiso, Indiana Amundsen, Martha Jonina ....... ,,.,...,. M altby, Minnesota Brown, Ada ......ii..........,........... .,.....,... D eQueen, Arkansas Dennis, Marion .......... Farver, Grace Pearl ..... Lantt,o, Mrs. Emil ........... Matthews, Violette Mae ..... ..,....Chanibersburg, Illinois ........South Bend, Indiana ...............Calumet, Michigan .......Indiana Harbor, Indiana Porter, Lucile G. ,,..,,.,,,,,,, ,,,,.4,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, A Ima, Montana Scott, Anna ................................. ......... B ethany, Illinois Shurte, Blanche C. ...................... ....... W anatah, Indiana Utterback, Mrs. Verna Shafer ..... ........Claremont, Illinois Public School Music Amundsen, Martha Jonina ,,,,,,, .,,,,,,, It flaltby, Minnesota Aflldfy AHCO M. .......-................. ...... I Vestboro, Wisconsin EISOH, Alda .......l........... ....... A uburn, Indiana Gardner, Mabelle D. ...,.. ,,,,,,, C lifton, Cgloradg G13-SS, Louise ............. ....... B agley, Wisconsin Godshall, Pearl .......... Hannon, Fannie B. ..... ' . ................... Kouts, Indiana ......Dunbar, Wisconsin Kent, Mrs. Ora .......... ........Columbia City, Indiana r 229 Kinsey, Gladys F. ..,... . Mavity, Mae ................. Mawhorter, Beulah . Morris, Gertrude E. Moser, Mrs. Lloyd L. Renfro, Cora M. ...... . Brown, Ruth Axe ..... E. XV. CHAFFEE. Dean Voice ..,....,.,,.Auburn, Indiana .......Valparaiso, Indiana ..............Wawaka, Indiana ..........Taylor, Pennsylvania Smithfield, Pennsylvania ..............Madison, Indiana .,.......Valparaiso, Indiana r , ..,. -M, .. ,,,,,, , MUSIC CLASS HISTORY Mrs. A. W. Utterback " HE history of this illustrious class began at no dei- nite time. From the time of their various en- trances they hustled along, obtaining one credit after another until they accumulated the required nmnber of credits. Q I Vw!! 41' Our two years stay at this University has been a very pleasant one, aside from the fears of not passing those examina- tions in Harmony, Counterpoint, Public School Music, and Composition. However, Composition is quite fascinating as some few ot the class bid fair to equal Haydn, Mozart, or perhaps Bee- thoven. For some time the class seemed to lack life, but when -the Musical Society was organized more spirit was shown. The excellent programs rendered, were such as to be of credit to any school. In order that you may get a. glimpse of our social life, we will bring you to the hall of music where a conclave ot instruments is being held. Pianos, cornets, trombones, flutes, horns, tifes, violins, guitars, accordians and drums, all were represented. t'We have inet here," said the chairman, Hto review in friendly discussion the various activities connected with the past years work in the music hall. I think you will all agree 2 that this year's class has shown marked improvement, espec- cially in class spirit." "That's right," piped the tife, 'tfor besides the regular class work there was a large choir which sang in chapel every Tuesday and Friday morning." V t'Oh Yes," shrieked the Hnte, UI heard one girl say last winter that she hoped they would only sing one song, so she could skip out the back door before she turned into an iciclef' L'Oh," tooted the trench horn, Uyou should have heard the chorus sing, 'The Golden Legend., " 'tYes, indeed," echoed the clarinet, HI' used to hear them practicing every night."' HBooml boom! listen to ine!" bawled out t.he drum, 'LYou have all forgotten to say anything about the Musical society that met every two weeks. Besides having a tine program every night. they played games and as a final stunt partook of punch and waters." "Go on, tell us some more about it." sang out the eoruet. "VVell, one night they all talked about such things as Pa Kinsey's apple pie-sagerology, and the couple that wr-re lu-- hind me, even discussed their first love attair, No. it XVilSll.i Miss Bently and Mr. Hall because they had to leave after the program. 'i "Oh well. I know something about that," said the piano from room tliirty-eight, but no pleading on the part ol' the instrurnents could make him divulge his secret. Just then the accordian wheezed out a bit of news which interested all. 'LI played at one of those programs and after it was over we all went out to Sager's Lake and had a marsh- mallow roast, and who do you think led the way?" t'Can't guess." came a medley of voices. t"l'he smallest couple in Music Hall. whom we sometimes call the Turtle Doves," answered the accordian. Say. do any of you know who those two were that used to sit in the window on the second tloor, and talk during the Chapel hour?" 'tOh Yes, I do," quivered the violin, HI heard one of the students say that Miss Kinsey and Mr. Ashley had a corner on that window." "Oh let talk about something sensible," bellowed the big bass viol. t'.Did any of you go to Chicago to hear the Apollo Club? One of the girls said they had a fine time, as Miss Mitchell made a fine chaperon. assisted by?-a friend," As the meeting of the instruments is drawing to a close we will not linger longer, This day. worthy classmates marks the end of our long struggle. The joys, the hopes. the aspira- tions. who knows their height or depth! With fond recollections ot our pleasant schools days in Valpariso University. May we never forget the Music Class of nineteen hundred twelve. CLASS PROPHECY Loy Gosch FTER thirteen successful years teaching music. I decided to make a tour of the world. I went to Denver, where I met Mabelle Gardner, who had just LQMXQL won in a woman-suffrage campaign. I persuaded t I her to go with me, so we went on to Salt Lake City, where, in the great Mormon Tabernacle we found H.1E. Williams, director of the choir. Our next stop was Butte, Montana, where we found Grace Farver, operating a phonograph in the station. She put on a record the "March of the Dwarfs", played by Blanche Shurte, who was living in Alaska, Y Just then we heard a commotion in the street and rushing 232 out we saw Mesdames Kent, Utterback, Lautto and Moser, lead- ing a procession, noticing the banners they carried, we saw they were for NXVOlI1H11lS rights" in Montana. At Medical Lake, Wash.. we found Gladys Kinsey head nurse of the state sanitarium and wife of the head physician there. A few days later while passing an opera house in San Francisco, we heard a shriek and a crash, rushing in we found Gertrude Morris had fallen from high sea CCD. We sailed west to the Phillipines, where we found Lulu Glass and Martha Amundsen as government Public School music teachers. At Moscow, Russia the guide took us to visit a home for friendless dogs. It is useless to say that we were surprised to ind Mildred Bentley founder of the l1o1ne. Of course we visited all the great music Conservatories, and were not surprised to find Marion Dennis professor of Counterpoint at Leipsic, and Anna Scott teaching in place of Leschetizky in the ienna Conservatory. We went to the largest theatre in Paris, and recognized Fannie Hannon and Ruth Stoner as the most graceful dancers. On the boat back to New York, we met Lucile Porter, and her husband, playing in the orchestra. In the corridor of the Knickerbocker Hotel, in New York, we were stopped by Cora Renfro, whose husband was the pro- prietor. We went with her to her private music room to talk over old times. She told us that Fanny Amstutz had married a millionaire on 5th Ave. and that she was quite a popular com- poser. She showed us a letter from Pearl Godshall, who had edited a History of Music, and was teaching in the Boston Con- servatory. She suggested that we attend Grand Opera, in which Ruth Axe Brown, now married, was Prima Dona and her husband was the leading tenor. Our vacation drawing to a close, we decided to go to Chi- cago, and from there to Valpo. Just as We were ready to take the train, we met Beulah Mawllorter, who told us that she played rag-time at Ted Snyder 's, We reached Valpo and took a taxicab to Music Hall and found that Violet Mathews had taken ,Mrs Roe's place and that Alice Arndt had been so successful as Public School Music teacher, and her class was so large that she only charged 955.00 for the summer term. On going down town, we found the patrons of Lyric Thea- tre being entertained by Mae Mavity's singing. While in Valpo, we were guests of Ada Brown and her husband, who was proprietor of the M. E. Bogarte book store. Our ways divided here and we departed to our respective homes, having inet or heard of all of our V. U. classmates. 7 Z2 I , f . X L, V M Tr R ' .".. A 1.-Xl X N112 !! X A :t- if 7 I ""' 1 '. 4k'.' . A- J Q1 j ' H 4-'. 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I V 1,.T':f',!H1-x My ' gn I Z: -K I., , 7L f J , W fl' ff W' fKf2'WV vi' if ' Q V QM J f 1 , XMFZQJJ ' 1 M,..,gfM ! X 4 7' , 1 ' ff, 522, X il fm X! M ffffl? f MWMM JEMMM ll u I f,1,1 ,Q 4,2 L 4 A A -of' iw IIII Willing, gay A , oil W O 0 1 I 1, v. it I ?'l4 'ifov F -. - 5 B l Wmlllllllllu - - 2 - ' M ' fh-.. uf ' i' VAN F- 3 MNA A' 1 591, tl TIM "' M. ff I f- -sfhar-Qfi Q , Xhlllllnnlllim? Prof. Bennett: What are the birds living in water called? Treese: Search me. Bennett: Well, I wouldn't get much. Later in the recitation. Treese: What would be an example of an aquatic bird? Bennett: A goose. Bennett: When water is mixed with clay, what is formed? Treese: Carbon dioxide. Mr. Bennett Cin Zoologyjz "We lived twen- ty-five miles from town and it took us two days to make the trip because we always went loaded both ways." Prof. B. F. Williams: "What is the differf ence between a university student of Chaucer's time, and a student of today?" Klueh: "In Chaucer's time they were chiv- alrous and used horses. Today they are bold and use 'ponies'." A school paper is a great institution. The editor gets all thc blame, the manager gets all the experience, and the printer gets all the money.-Ex. If love is blind, can a divor-cee? And if tea leaves, would that give coffee grounds for a divorce? X A candy boy passing through a car encoun- tered a cross old gentleman and says: "Pop corn! pop corn!" "Haint got no teeth," angrily replied the man. "Gum drops, gum drops," yells the bright boy.-Ex. Mr. Williams desires to know whether there is anything more up to date than the "goo goo" eyes. Mr. Williams: "Mr, to Mr. Jeglum again?" Mr. Raef: "No, sir, I was talking to myself. I don't know whether he heard me or not." Raef, were you talking 235 O. P. K.: "Mr. Disher, have you any broth- ers or sisters?" Geo.: "No, sir, I am all the children we have." Milton Cin Paradise Lostjz "Myself I then perused and limb by limb surveyed." Miss lBowman freadingjz "Myself I then pursued and limb by limb surveyed." Rimelspach fduring his discussion on "What I Would Do if I Had 55,000,000."J: "The first thing, l would have good sense. Then I would get married and continue my education." President Brown treading a notice in Chapeljz "Wanted-An intelligent, neat and clean young man to work on a coal wagon." Pres. Brown did not realize until too late that it was April lst. Mr. Bennett fin Geologyjx "Life was first brought to earth on an ether wave." Whitt: "How was Death brought here?" F '2jgemWgHfWVf14 - "lfWF""W:1mg .NH MW Wil , I i' ...... 1. if ff'ff,,Q7f'p'-ff W W '!1'f2f1'y 570 '7 R' ' -"',F! MJ' 'mil . Zd'VVMf7f3'7f' va .'fPZ2Mfifl'lt"'i1,W Wlliffilloywiifm ,P ,W gr - '-,ff:f:4'zfMrffrwfzii' Tr t71lfsmr.5w,'l'lvn,'x ",dffmW,,ffffw..:fig,,,u?- Uv: zcz w , - if-',lfmam4'9'i ti1lamfflflnaftyrifififmfg, ' ' 'f. riff2!iiWl: gl' 'l'40ff.ifffiQl1i47j5Mgt,' , pai A 5 !ly5'grffLI,NQV nz 5- iw-. -1,.4f5,i:-N.3 K N7 'Y ff mjmktaavjlgl wf1.1m.4 gf' il Q vl?"X Q wif 'j I MM tj ' s lrgffjwyf ew 'J ,JY f 'wigs " I ml . l V 'fd RLY 'ffyijl 45 .V . rg 1, W e M if . it 4 N N QI MJUW VM fl ' . 4 I, a -- I ' fa ' ,ff fy I 1 f ggi' T I' Wi . fo wiv t if - L w 71 ,I in i iw Q -s f I :.. vw WW- ef V. 1 f - txt f WW 7 Q I : I-0-0 f ly- fl ,-7 ' rn it f X . J, M, its wi -, ' 4, :gi f, if ' i t -A ' I -'DMV ? x xiii' ' Q -r r- nga 0-' sisgiqgxf .ya -QQQSLZZLS-5' ' g rit ' X fiftfi S-iiiilflilrc: f' A f 1' - --as-ifi-3 -ef: A ' JWI5 At the Scientific Social Question: What is a cave? Question: What is a lithographic stone? Ans.: A cave is a quiet hole in the ground composed of limestone and found only in lime- stone regions. Question: Why were there no flower loving insects in the permian? ' Ans.: Because there were no bright blos- soms and enticing odors to make them spring up from their resting place. In short there were no flowers. Question: What is Geology? 'Ans.: Geology is the study of the future in the light of the present. Ans.: A lithographic stone is a stone form- ed and found extensively throughout the lith- osphere. ' Question: Who was Pliny? Ans.: Pliny was a Roman and classified as where habittated. One student wrote of "permissible and im- perrnissableu strata of work. Question: What is a fold? Ans.: A fold is a twisted part of the earth where it is heaped up. 237 COLLEGE LIFE AT VALPO. A Tragedy by A. Math. Hater. CAST or CHAnAc'rE1is. Literature ........................................... ........ H eroine General History Queen Calculus ..... ...........Hero .......Villian Trigonometry ........ .... - . King Algebra IV ........................ Aids to Calculus Scene I. Room R itypifying Paradisej. Scene II. Room 3 ltypifying H-J. The writer has had personal experiences with each of the cast and has given them their parts according to their true natures. This play is still in the ,process of composi- tion. It is suspected that it will never be coni- pleted, for the author spends 25 hours a day opening letters from sympathizers encouraging him in his noble work. "C. E. Gold." Present." "Have I your initials right, Mr. Gold?,' "I didn't bring it today." ii But what's this got to do with English His' tory? F. Christman treading Cicerolz "Quem tu videlicetlet ad suspiciandurn sagamumlf' Miss Carver: "Mr. Christrnan, try again. You left out the best part of that last word." "Sagacissirnum." fs fit 'Z K1 , ' J .. 'X xl 1 D ,V L X Xl ,,:.ffm f ,.f",....5 "" gl X A 2 ,upfffgir V f' V. V K' nl "j,,.C'2,,f 4 KX 5' ff ,X if If ,fo JZ W9 mln , ii 'J Ve' JZ ,- h .. is Vi-5 ,27 3 , me HL ig - , .- L , L, EW' y in in ,PALM 1' , A QM ' f ,735-1... J i marie .Ama .... W A HOPELESS CASE Because we have some leisure time We're going to make a little rhyme, About a man who wished a beard But how to get it was what he feared. Daily he used Rexall Hair Tonic Until the habit had been chronic. But often too he used shampoo And sighed to see how slow it grew. And on a shelf behind the clock Fifty bottles he had in stock. But when he added a bottle more, Kerplunk! they went upon the floor. And then, poor man, how he did sigh To see his fondest hopes there lie. And lo! old puss came rushing in To see what caused the awful din, But Gallagher there with weeping eye Beheld again his hopes soar high. He rushed for cream to the French Cafe For which he nearly forgot to pay. He rubbed the cream upon his chin And forced the cat to lick it in. With this good start the beard began And happy was this hopeful man. The following day his joy all fied When he found out old puss was dead. And sad and forlorn he always seems For the ghost of the martyr appears in his dreams To haunt him for his awful crime 238 Of killing a cat which has lives nine. The start was all the beard e'er took. To iind that out you need but look The bristles are so far between Like an oasis in the desert seem. Gallagher now on street and lane Searches for pussy cats in vain. SCIEXTIFICS TRIM THE RIEDICS Nine little Medios standing in a row, Bats on their shoulders and eyes on their foeg The Scientific pitcher stepped in the box, Niue little Medios trembled in their socks. One, two, three strikes! The umpire called, "You're out!" Poor little Medics very much in doubt. Shoo, shoo chickens! They're generous with their foulsg Listen, Scientitics. Listen to their howls. Dying, dying, dead! Another killed on base. Oh, you little Medios! What a snai1's pace! Champions, take the bat! Medics take the box! Scientitics! Bravo! Look at all the knocks. Pitcher getting nervous,-cannot see the base. Hit a Scientific right square fn the faceg One, two, three, four! Look at everybody walk, Scientifics show them how to walk the chalk. Nine poor little Medics, standing in a row, Disgraced and defeated, homeward they must go. Farewell! Little Medics should not hope to beat. They need less boasting and a little more meat. Bertha Jones, Scientific '13. V NZB WUHE lzearlifns Lmfo We QHVETT JSET NL 1121 me Ewa? yourgovxas-H 'VVhEI1" ings SEI slow ITS high 'hmefvouie Takcgoofl aivnse Sr xii U wJi.X'k Ks K1-mowgercornfio gllyevffl 11735 'fa call a YI CE ' ' 'faffecoofl zfilvsse an .IH T5 hugh THTIE yo u'SESiETT1An' 1 ol uca2SS' '6f'f'-g"'L'-v 'S' S 'f 3 f SS CC NHWISP r . Ima? HCS 'ur snag S 1 6 'EEE fi M 1-A',A?,,1 +5 Aiverflsezl, gfgush-Q2 Uhr lEirl'n nr ihr ZQUKE Mrahuatinn Uhr 3111112 Mrhhing tt at These are happy events which mark epochs in the lives of the young peo- ple Surely such lmportant events 7 A are worth a picture. T Make the Appomtment Today H. J. FOX J. W. HISGEN Considering Wealth, what about your Stoltlacll? The richest possession of man is Good Health, the maintenance of which depends mainly on furnishing the digestive tract pure food, prepared under sanitary conditions. Permit us the oppor- tunity of serving you F000 THAT IS CONDUClVE T0 GO0D HEALTH Our Fountain is Now Running Full Blast The University lnn Ealing's Barber Shop .0 East from Old Stand .0 Try 0ur Massaging and llaircutling. WE PLEASE HERMAN EALING, - Proprietor We Thank the Classes Of this Year for their Patronage, C and if We can in any way in the future Serve You, you will find us at the OLD STAND. A. C. MINER 8: CO. Books and Stationery Polk's School oi Piano Tuning ls the Organized and Only Properly Equipped School of Piano Tuning IN THE VVORLD School Runs 52 Weeks in the Year. Beautiful Catalog Free. C. C. POLK, Principal, Tuned Ior Valparaiso University for 25 Years Court House Square Valparaiso, Indiana M ISS L e CLAIRE'S French and Home Cooking is the Best You will find it at 505 Indiana Ave. All stu- dents treated courteously. Come and try it. S 2.25 Per Single Week Rates' 12.00 Per Half Term ' 24.00 Per Term NF its S29 Q9 Lilienthal 8: SzoId's DEPARTMENT STORE Cor. Main and Washington Streets Valparaiso, - Indiana J. D. KEEHN, Dentist PHONES: ---- 011ice, 161.13 Residence, 176W. HOURS: ---- 8 to 12 a. m. and 1 to 6 p. m. S 'f . . yifiiifiiilglanfeed Over Williams' Drug Store The White Laundry has Changed its Name to Ta1cott's Laundry NOW GIVING THE BEST SERVICE IN THE CITY We are located within 10 minutes walk lrom any parl ol the University Grounds 355 Garfield Avenue F. L. TALCOTT, Manager W. H. Vail and Theo. .lessee gg'gegg1m,0 in Valparaiso University .0 High Class Watch, Jewelry and 0ptical Repairing Done Call at 19 East Main Street. VALPARAISO. IND. The Leading Piano Store High Grade Pianos in Stock Everything in Music 15 N. Washington St. W. F. LEDERER Kodaks at the College Pharmacy we have the largest line of Kodalcs anal East- man Photographic Goods in Northern Indiana We can show you Koclalcs pricecl from S10 to S1111 Brownie Cameras from S1 to S12 Premo Cameras, 31.00 ancl up. Take a Kodak with Yong Everybody's Doing it Now Lowenstines' Dept. Store THE STORE FOR EVERYBODY Artistic and Exclusive Fashion Ideas in Ladies' Ready - to - Wear Garments and Millinery Reliable Clothes for Men in Newest Models and Weaves STYLES THAT STAY STYLISH Valparaiso, - - - Indiana Patronize the 0nly Students Barber Shop EVAN J. GRIFFITH and LOUlS VITNER, Proprietors Ladies' Massaging 0pposite East Hall TELEPHONE 15. AGENTS ON THE HILL The Up-To-Date Steam Laundry 164 W. Mail! Sl. T. J. JOHNSON, Propriet l Specht-Finney-Skinner Co. Valparaiso's Leading Dept. Store 825.00 Worth ot 0ur Cash Discount Tickets Good for 51.00 in Trade We Especially Cater to the Wants of the Student opp- Postomceo Cor. Main and Franklin Sts. C. L. BARTHDLDIVIEW, Dentist Office Hours 8:00 a. m. to 5:00 p. m. Telephone 203J. Over College Pharmacy Phone 68 Valparaiso Taxicab A. N D ' Transfer Company A. L. ZIMMERMAN, Proprietor Calls Answered Promptly. 247-251 W. Main St. Wrioas YOUR TA1LoR? J. M. MOSER COLLEGE HILL 1 0 . ' .Q i .9 lVfAfAf 57: i VALPAI9Af.50, flVD. Fine Hand Work Exclusively We Call and Deliver. 0ur Service is Prompt f Hand Laundry Phone 287M 118 E. Main St. TOY0 We wish to take this opportunity of thanking you for your kind patronage during the past I year. If you are leaving for the last time, good- d bye and good luck. If you are to return, just au revoir. The E. Bogarte Book Co. Valparaiso ----- g - Indiana


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Valparaiso University - Record Yearbook (Valparaiso, IN) online yearbook collection, 1914 Edition, Page 1

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