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Page 66 text:
Gay and Lesblan
Dodge Morgan a
returns from hls
150 day sall
record of 292
reveal that NASA
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decldes to stay
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SALT treaty by
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sulclde on a
being taped at
Board of Hlgher
not to ralse
bombing of a
son of Geraldune
Innocent to a
charge of sale of
A Tltan rocket
Force Base Callf
Page 65 text:
Libyan leader Moammar Kadafi stands with
arms crossed during a press conference after
the U.S. and Libya clashed in the
A merican and Libyan forces
clashed in the disputed waters off
the Libyan coast on March 25.
The incident began in the Gulf of Si-
dra after Libyan ground forces fired six
missiles at American planes conducting
maneuvers in the Mediterranean Sea.
ln retaliation, American forces fired at
two Libyan vessels and a missile site on
One vessel was set afire and seen
dead in the water. The other was se-
verely damaged. The missile site was
reported to be "out of action."
According to subsequent informa-
tion, no American planes or vessels
were damaged, although Libyan radio
reported that three American planes
had been shot down.
The fighting occurred after three
American ships crossed Col. Muammar
el-Kadafi's "line of death," which is set
at 100 miles from the Libyan shoreline.
The U.S. and other countries, however,
recognize only a 12-mile offshore belt
as Libyan territory. '
According to Reagan administration
officials, the American vessels were
conducting peaceful ,maneuvers in the
gulf to stress the legal point that be-
yond the 12-mile limit, the Gulf of Sidra
belongs to no one.
Two days later, on March 26, Ameri-
can forces fired at and destroyed two
more Libyan ships and a missile site on
the coast. According to American offi-
cials, the attack was in response to
hostile Libyan intent and not an actual
At the same time, Kadafi Cwhom the
U.S. has accused of sponsoring terror-
ist activitiesi stated that he was pre-
ared for war with the United States.
The Contras, the guerrillas fighting in
Central America to overthrow the
Nicaraguan government, are winning
and growing because of the Nicara-
guan people's support, according to a
spokesman for the group.
Jorge Rosales, assistant to the press
secretary for the Nicaraguan forces,
spoke to a capacity crowd in the Stu-
dent Union Ballroom on March 31. He
outlined the last seven year's events
that have led to the "betrayal of the
Nicaraguan revolution," saying that
the Soviet Union has been supplying
the Sandinista government with weap-
ons and supplies that are threatening
the Contra's fight for democracy.
He went on to say that it is important
for the United States to support the
Contras because of Nicaragua's prox-
imity to the United States.
The speech ended, after about 75
minutes due to a "violent crowd" out-
side ofthe SUB. Earlier that same day,
two rallies were held on both sides of
the Student Union.
ln the first rally, about 150 people
expressed their support for President
Ronald Reagan's proposal for S100
million in military and humanitarian aid
to the Contras.
"These people fthe Contrasi want to
fight like the founding fathers fought,"
said Lynne McCabe, a senator from
Sylvan. "Our duty is to ensure democ-
At the same time, about 300 stu-
dents near the campus pond listened
to speakers and singers who opposed
the presence of Contras at UMass.
Students at the rally dressed in
green army fatigues and cheered loud-
ly as speakers denounced Reagan's
At one point, an ad-hoc coalition of
students erected a graveyard next to
the campus pond with 59 crosses bear-
ing the names of Nicaraguans report-
edly slain by the Contras.
ln addition, speakers described
methods of killing, saying that men
have been "shot in the head," and
"cut up with a knife."
After weeks of controversy, the Un-
dergraduate Student Senate passed
the fiscal year 1987 Student Govern-
ment Association budget on March 12
by a roll call vote of 34-19.
According to the new budget, 37 reg-
istered student organizations received
funding cuts, 14 lost all funding, while
17 received increases. The proposal al-
located S8-4,243.73 for RSOs on cam-
"Political" organizations, such as
the Republican Club, the Peacemak-
ers, and the Radical Student Union
were not funded because they report-
edly can solicit funds of their own. Also,
Drum magazine was not funded be-
cause the budget committee believed
the magazine was linked to a class.
Among the organizations that did re-
ceive funding were: Abilities Unlimited,
AHORA, Nummo News, Spectrum, and
Photo by Karen Zarrow
UMass students gather to protest the presence of Contras on campus. The visit by the Contra
spokesmen sparked days of controversy, with reports of violence and one bomb threat making
Page 67 text:
he United States conducted a se-
ries of air raids on April 14 against
'What Washington called "terrorist cen-
gters" in Libya.
55' The decision to go through with the
ifattack came after President Reagan
found "direct, precise, and irrefutable"
.evidence that Libya was behind the
tllipril 5 bombing of a West Berlin disco-
iiheque that killed one American ser-
Wiceman and a Turkish woman and in-
Qured 200 others.
According to the president, in a
Espeech to the American public, Ameri-
fifsan forces "succeeded in their mis-
gsionn of retaliating against Col. Moam-
ighar Kadafi's "reign of terror."
Reports of the incident said five mili-
fary bases, reportedly being used to
, rain terrorists, were hit with American
fmmunition during the raid. President
eagan stated that efforts were made
fi "minimize casualties among the Lib-
an people." Subsequent reports, how-
' ver, indicated that civilian areas were
amaged. Col. Kadafi's headquarters
f nd home were hit by bombs and his
gdopted daughter was reportedly killed
the attack. .
The fifteen American A-6planes that
ere used in the attack were allowed
o take off from an American base in
ntaln but forced to fly around
5 The bombing began at approximate-
i 7 p m. Eastern time when the planes
lmultaneously struck two targets in
enghazi a city on the Gulf of Sidra.
he attack lasted a half hour.
According to officials the bombings
H ere conducted in the middle of the
ight because the Libyan Air Force
Des not fly at night.
' The attack against Libya met with
me opposition from American citi-
t ns and foreign allies namely France.
rotests were held around the world
ndemning Reagan s actions. ln one
stance a firebornb was hurled at the
3 ited States Marine headquarters in
msia. No injuries were reported.
I Congress which is required under
e War Powers Act of 1973 to be con-
lted on all military actions taken by
e president was generally supportive
j.-gi attack but some Congressmen
that they should have been in-
iffgl med, earlier about Reagan's inten-
ns. The American planes were al-
in the air before Congress was
itified. . S
A he Soviet Union announced on April
fthat there had been an accident at
iii: Chernobyl nuclear power plant in
3 the Soviet's terse 40-word state-
" iii came nearly four days after the
occurred when Sweden, lo-
. -- 800 miles from the Ukraine, dis-
rig, . . .
el. 1 ' 7
xx., ' Y
' 1' if
zf'2.. - V
I ri 1
Australian Rob cle Castella and Ingrid Kristiansen, of Norway, the winners of the male and female
divisions of the 90th running of the Boston Marathon. Both received 530,000 and a Mercedes
covered abnormally large amounts of
radioactivity in the air and water.
The severity of the accident was not
immediately known .because Tass. the
Soviet news agency, refused to dis-
close anything more than short and
vague statements about the incident.
Later, in a second statement, it was
revealed that the nuclear reactor ex-
perienced a meltdown and that four
settlements had been evacuated.
The first Soviet statement on the
number of deaths from the accident
reported that two people had died. The
United States and other countries criti-
cized this staternent, saying that in an
accident of such magnitude the death
toll could reach into the thousands.
Experts who studied the Chernobyl
accident believe that the graphite core
of the reactor caught fire and sent ra-
dioactive material into the air.
The nuclear cloud did not have a di-
sastrous effect on the United States,
but farmlands near Chernobyl may not
be usable for several generations.
The U.S. offered humanitarian aid to
the Soviets, but faulted their technol-
ogy. The Soviet Union uses graphite, a
form of lead, to moderate nuclear re-
actions, while the U.S. uses water as its
A visit by anti-gay activist Paul Ca-
meron on April .13 caused tempers to
flare among UMass students and facul-
ty and forced gay and lesbian students
to protest the Whitmore Administra-
tion Building for enforcement of the
University's anti-discrimination clause.
Surrounded by protesters and some
supporters, Cameron told the crowd of
approximately 300 people that civil
rights should be stripped from homo-
"No one would deny that homosex-
uals are human. It doesn't mean we
have to give them special rights," said
Cameron, who is a psychologist and
chairman of the Institute for the Scien-
tific Investigation of Sexuality, a non-
profit organization against gay rights,
said that society has made a mistake
by giving homosexuals the same liber-
ties as heterosexuals.
He' said that homosexuality is
"worse than murder," and that homo-
sexual activity is a "blight on society."
Homosexuals and lesbians in the
crowd wore T-shirts that read, "No Vio-
lence." Campus .police kept the crowd
peaceful during the speech, although
Cameron was hit with two eggs thrown
Following the speech, approximately
250 students held a counter-rally at
the Student Union to protest Camer-
on's speech and to celebrate Gay and
Lesbian Awareness Week.
The demonstrators titled their rally,
"An injury to one is an injury to all."
Kevin Sweeney, a member of the
University Democrats said, "lt is not
just a cause for the issue of gay rights:
it is a cause for humanity."
The rally ended with the launching of
a "wheel" made of crepe paper and
helium balloons to symbolize the unifi-
cation of all groups.
' John MacMillan
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