University of Massachusetts Amherst - Index Yearbook (Amherst, MA)

 - Class of 1986

Page 66 of 328


University of Massachusetts Amherst - Index Yearbook (Amherst, MA) online yearbook collection, 1986 Edition, Page 66 of 328
Page 66 of 328

University of Massachusetts Amherst - Index Yearbook (Amherst, MA) online yearbook collection, 1986 Edition, Page 65
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Page 66 text:

Gay and Lesblan week begins 62!ApriI Dodge Morgan a Malne sallor returns from hls 150 day sall around the world breaking the prevlous record of 292 days reveal that NASA saved S750 mllllon over eight year penod decldes to stay wlthln llmlts of unratlfled 1979 SALT treaty by dusmantllng two Poseldon submarines A mud alr exploslon aboard a Trans World Alrllnes jet kllls four Amerlcans and mjures mne others Experts reveal that crew cabln of the Challenger survlved explosion and broke apart after strlklng the ocean Two Southwest area coordinators cancel Southwest concerts An agreement between SWAG and coordlnators IS later reached and concerts continue 22 29 Researchers begln testlng new verslon of smallpox vacclne as protection against AIDS A 17 year old Belchertown youth commits sulclde on a closed curcuut televlsnon show being taped at Hampshire College The Massachusetts Board of Hlgher Educatlon votes not to ralse tuutlons m Massachusetts state schools Washington receives evidence suggesting that Lnbya was Involved ln bombing of a West Berlm disco whnch kllled one American soldler John Zaccaro son of Geraldune Ferraro pleads Innocent to a charge of sale of regulated drugs ln Vermont 2ll 25 A Tltan rocket carrying secret mllltary payload explodes at Vandenberg Alr Force Base Callf I I pril N86 M

Page 65 text:

'lin' '-'-s- s l AP Photo Libyan leader Moammar Kadafi stands with arms crossed during a press conference after the U.S. and Libya clashed in the Mediterranean Sea. A merican and Libyan forces clashed in the disputed waters off the Libyan coast on March 25. The incident began in the Gulf of Si- dra after Libyan ground forces fired six missiles at American planes conducting maneuvers in the Mediterranean Sea. ln retaliation, American forces fired at two Libyan vessels and a missile site on Libyan soil. One vessel was set afire and seen dead in the water. The other was se- verely damaged. The missile site was reported to be "out of action." According to subsequent informa- tion, no American planes or vessels were damaged, although Libyan radio reported that three American planes had been shot down. The fighting occurred after three American ships crossed Col. Muammar el-Kadafi's "line of death," which is set at 100 miles from the Libyan shoreline. The U.S. and other countries, however, recognize only a 12-mile offshore belt as Libyan territory. ' According to Reagan administration officials, the American vessels were conducting peaceful ,maneuvers in the gulf to stress the legal point that be- yond the 12-mile limit, the Gulf of Sidra belongs to no one. Two days later, on March 26, Ameri- can forces fired at and destroyed two more Libyan ships and a missile site on the coast. According to American offi- cials, the attack was in response to hostile Libyan intent and not an actual attack. At the same time, Kadafi Cwhom the U.S. has accused of sponsoring terror- ist activitiesi stated that he was pre- ared for war with the United States. . The Contras, the guerrillas fighting in Central America to overthrow the Nicaraguan government, are winning and growing because of the Nicara- guan people's support, according to a spokesman for the group. Jorge Rosales, assistant to the press secretary for the Nicaraguan forces, spoke to a capacity crowd in the Stu- dent Union Ballroom on March 31. He outlined the last seven year's events that have led to the "betrayal of the Nicaraguan revolution," saying that the Soviet Union has been supplying the Sandinista government with weap- ons and supplies that are threatening the Contra's fight for democracy. He went on to say that it is important for the United States to support the Contras because of Nicaragua's prox- imity to the United States. The speech ended, after about 75 minutes due to a "violent crowd" out- side ofthe SUB. Earlier that same day, two rallies were held on both sides of the Student Union. ln the first rally, about 150 people expressed their support for President Ronald Reagan's proposal for S100 million in military and humanitarian aid to the Contras. "These people fthe Contrasi want to fight like the founding fathers fought," said Lynne McCabe, a senator from Sylvan. "Our duty is to ensure democ- racy." At the same time, about 300 stu- dents near the campus pond listened to speakers and singers who opposed the presence of Contras at UMass. Students at the rally dressed in green army fatigues and cheered loud- ly as speakers denounced Reagan's Nicaraguan policy. At one point, an ad-hoc coalition of students erected a graveyard next to the campus pond with 59 crosses bear- ing the names of Nicaraguans report- edly slain by the Contras. ln addition, speakers described methods of killing, saying that men have been "shot in the head," and "cut up with a knife." After weeks of controversy, the Un- dergraduate Student Senate passed the fiscal year 1987 Student Govern- ment Association budget on March 12 by a roll call vote of 34-19. According to the new budget, 37 reg- istered student organizations received funding cuts, 14 lost all funding, while 17 received increases. The proposal al- located S8-4,243.73 for RSOs on cam- pus. "Political" organizations, such as the Republican Club, the Peacemak- ers, and the Radical Student Union were not funded because they report- edly can solicit funds of their own. Also, Drum magazine was not funded be- cause the budget committee believed the magazine was linked to a class. Among the organizations that did re- ceive funding were: Abilities Unlimited, AHORA, Nummo News, Spectrum, and WMUA. l John MacMillan K M- 0' l 1 73,0 rf Photo by Karen Zarrow UMass students gather to protest the presence of Contras on campus. The visit by the Contra spokesmen sparked days of controversy, with reports of violence and one bomb threat making headlines.

Page 67 text:

4. he United States conducted a se- ries of air raids on April 14 against 'What Washington called "terrorist cen- gters" in Libya. 55' The decision to go through with the ifattack came after President Reagan found "direct, precise, and irrefutable" .evidence that Libya was behind the tllipril 5 bombing of a West Berlin disco- iiheque that killed one American ser- Wiceman and a Turkish woman and in- Qured 200 others. According to the president, in a Espeech to the American public, Ameri- fifsan forces "succeeded in their mis- gsionn of retaliating against Col. Moam- ighar Kadafi's "reign of terror." Reports of the incident said five mili- fary bases, reportedly being used to , rain terrorists, were hit with American fmmunition during the raid. President eagan stated that efforts were made fi "minimize casualties among the Lib- an people." Subsequent reports, how- ' ver, indicated that civilian areas were amaged. Col. Kadafi's headquarters f nd home were hit by bombs and his gdopted daughter was reportedly killed the attack. . The fifteen American A-6planes that ere used in the attack were allowed o take off from an American base in ntaln but forced to fly around 5 The bombing began at approximate- i 7 p m. Eastern time when the planes lmultaneously struck two targets in enghazi a city on the Gulf of Sidra. he attack lasted a half hour. According to officials the bombings H ere conducted in the middle of the ight because the Libyan Air Force Des not fly at night. ' The attack against Libya met with me opposition from American citi- t ns and foreign allies namely France. rotests were held around the world ndemning Reagan s actions. ln one stance a firebornb was hurled at the 3 ited States Marine headquarters in msia. No injuries were reported. I Congress which is required under e War Powers Act of 1973 to be con- lted on all military actions taken by e president was generally supportive j.-gi attack but some Congressmen that they should have been in- iffgl med, earlier about Reagan's inten- ns. The American planes were al- in the air before Congress was itified. . S A he Soviet Union announced on April fthat there had been an accident at iii: Chernobyl nuclear power plant in iii? Ukraine. 3 the Soviet's terse 40-word state- " iii came nearly four days after the occurred when Sweden, lo- . -- 800 miles from the Ukraine, dis- l rig, . . . B . el. 1 ' 7 l'3nCe. T xx., ' Y ' 1' if Qs. , :in .s v rx, :.. S ZA? : Q. I ii ' Q if it gy' fu ii- 3.3 eil' 1 GE. 5,9 4-.1 in zf'2.. - V i I ri 1 .,,, E ' 'vi 1,15-, ' 1 1' ' li it ' 'Q . P Q ll Y ' i tl it , ie A t 1 . , . 1.1 055.15 AP Photos Australian Rob cle Castella and Ingrid Kristiansen, of Norway, the winners of the male and female divisions of the 90th running of the Boston Marathon. Both received 530,000 and a Mercedes automobile. covered abnormally large amounts of radioactivity in the air and water. The severity of the accident was not immediately known .because Tass. the Soviet news agency, refused to dis- close anything more than short and vague statements about the incident. Later, in a second statement, it was revealed that the nuclear reactor ex- perienced a meltdown and that four settlements had been evacuated. The first Soviet statement on the number of deaths from the accident reported that two people had died. The United States and other countries criti- cized this staternent, saying that in an accident of such magnitude the death toll could reach into the thousands. Experts who studied the Chernobyl accident believe that the graphite core of the reactor caught fire and sent ra- dioactive material into the air. The nuclear cloud did not have a di- sastrous effect on the United States, but farmlands near Chernobyl may not be usable for several generations. The U.S. offered humanitarian aid to the Soviets, but faulted their technol- ogy. The Soviet Union uses graphite, a form of lead, to moderate nuclear re- actions, while the U.S. uses water as its primary coolant. A visit by anti-gay activist Paul Ca- meron on April .13 caused tempers to flare among UMass students and facul- ty and forced gay and lesbian students to protest the Whitmore Administra- tion Building for enforcement of the University's anti-discrimination clause. Surrounded by protesters and some supporters, Cameron told the crowd of approximately 300 people that civil rights should be stripped from homo- sexuals. "No one would deny that homosex- uals are human. It doesn't mean we have to give them special rights," said Cameron. Cameron, who is a psychologist and chairman of the Institute for the Scien- tific Investigation of Sexuality, a non- profit organization against gay rights, said that society has made a mistake by giving homosexuals the same liber- ties as heterosexuals. He' said that homosexuality is "worse than murder," and that homo- sexual activity is a "blight on society." Homosexuals and lesbians in the crowd wore T-shirts that read, "No Vio- lence." Campus .police kept the crowd peaceful during the speech, although Cameron was hit with two eggs thrown by demonstrators, Following the speech, approximately 250 students held a counter-rally at the Student Union to protest Camer- on's speech and to celebrate Gay and Lesbian Awareness Week. The demonstrators titled their rally, "An injury to one is an injury to all." Kevin Sweeney, a member of the University Democrats said, "lt is not just a cause for the issue of gay rights: it is a cause for humanity." The rally ended with the launching of a "wheel" made of crepe paper and helium balloons to symbolize the unifi- cation of all groups. ' John MacMillan April! 63

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