University of Massachusetts Amherst - Index Yearbook (Amherst, MA)

 - Class of 1986

Page 57 of 328


University of Massachusetts Amherst - Index Yearbook (Amherst, MA) online yearbook collection, 1986 Edition, Page 57 of 328
Page 57 of 328

University of Massachusetts Amherst - Index Yearbook (Amherst, MA) online yearbook collection, 1986 Edition, Page 56
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University of Massachusetts Amherst - Index Yearbook (Amherst, MA) online yearbook collection, 1986 Edition, Page 58
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Page 57 text:

J n an attempt to balance the federal Ii budget, both the Senate and the ouse of Representatives approved a bill on Dec. 11 that would reportedly lower the current S200 billion deficit to Vero by 1991. The Senate debated for approxi- mately nine hours before they passed he bill on a bipartisan vote of 61 to 31. The House took 90 minutes before lithey passed it on a bipartisan vote of H271 to 154. President Reagan endorsed the bill, ibut was reportedly apprehensive about :its effect on the military budget. 'f ln both the House and the Senate, lthe majority of Republicans supported lthe bill, while nearly one-half of the Democrats in the Senate and a major- jity in the House did not. The new bill would set deficit ceilings lthat would drop from year to year until l1'991, when the budget will supposedly lbe balanced. The bill gives the Presi- ldent the power to enforce reductions lin both military and non-military spend- jing if Congress and the White House rare unable to agree on deficit cuts each iyear. Social Security and other aid to ithe poor and elderly would not be af- ifected by the cuts. For fiscal year 1987, reductions are :expected to be S55 million. According Ito Republicans, the President would ihave to cut at least 30 to 50 non-mili- tary programs if he refused to cut mili- tary spending. White House officials said that the proposal is a major change in the cur- rent budget process. John MacMillan A total of 23 students, belonging to a larger group of about 65 people calling themselves Students Advocating Rights Together CSTARTD, were arrest- ed during the three days of protest and sit-ins on December 5-8 concerning the management of the Student Activi- ties Trust Fund. ln the past, the budget has been drawn up by the Undergraduate Stu- dent Senate' and then passed on to Vice Chancellor of Student Affairs Den- nis Madson, Chancellor Joseph Duffy and the University President David Knapp for review and recommenda- tions. Protests began in reaction to' Mad- son's decision to allow the student ac- tivities budget for the fiscal year 1987 to be determined by Director of Stu- dent Activities Randy Donant. The budget had a S120,000 deficit at the end of fiscal year 1985, and 575,000 had to be borrowed from re- serves for the current fiscal year 1986 to fund operations. It was the intention of Madson and welll Students Photo courtesy of the Collegian Speaker John Ruddock and other students picket in protest of the reported take-over of the SATF. .A total of 23 students were arrested during the at Whitmore. Donant to control the allocation of about 51.5 million of the 51.75 million student activities budget that is paid out of the SATF. These actions would reportedly diminish student input for the allocation process. To combat the deficit, student lead- ers held a referendum on Oct. 29 to raise the activities fee by S12 per stu- dent. However, only three percent of the required 15 percent of the under- graduate student body voted. The ma- jority of those who voted, voted against an increase. Student leaders held a second refer- endum in December, but only about 10 percent of the student population vot- ed forthe S12 increase, leaving it non- binding. Meanwhile students were threat- ened with suspension and were arrest- ed for trespassing at Whitmore Admin- istration Building. They were allegedly interfering with the work of employees and encouraging other students to cause damage to the building. The leaders of START were responsi- ble for sponsoring the rallies on the Student Union steps and attempting negotiations with Madson. The flurry of activity peaked during finals week and was temporarily put on the back burner until further negotia- tions could be started. Sheri B. Konowitz In early December, Governor Mi- chael Dukakis signed a bill prohibiting fraternities and sororities in Massachu- setts from hazing while initiating new pledges. He signed the bill in response to a rise in the number of injuries and deaths associated with hazing. lt calls for fines of up to 51,000 or 100 days in jail for people caught hazing. Also, the bill fines those indirectly involved with hazing activities. Hazing involves the initiation of fra- ternity and sorority pledges by using unconventional methods or practical jokes, such as heavy drinking in short periods of time or promoting physical or mental anguish. The alcohol overdose death of Jay Lenaghan, an American lnternational College fraternity pledge, created a na- tional concern for fraternity and soror- ity rituals. lt reportedly showed what could happen nationally if hazing was not controlled. John MacMillan December X 53

Page 56 text:

Devvmlver 50 000 people gather in Mamelodi, S. Africa, to mourn the deaths of 12 blacks killed in bloodiest day in 15 months of Sun. Mon. Tues. Wed. The remains of seven MlAs are flown back to U.S. after excavation in South-east Asia. Thurs- Bootleg tapes of Live Aid concert found to be robbing movement of cash for famine relief. F985 approves first- ever undergraduate academic grievance policy. Faculty Senate rioting. South African About 70 people, Philippine 258 U,5, ggldierg government including President die in plane drops treason religious leaders Ferdinand crash near charges against and speakers, Marcos' regime Gander 12 of 16 anti- gather at faces protest. International apartheid Amherst Airport in activists. Common to Newfoundland. protest Soviet oppression of Jews. A NEW 0"le3Peff Paul Castellano, pellet-Slled f0rI11 alleged head gf of cocaine is Qhe nariorfs f0Ul1d 10 be largest crime invading streets family is glqin in of New York. Manhanan, Cheap price believed to be attracting teens. 52!December

Page 58 text:

Media makes violence a household name I was lucky enough to get a ticket to' one of the opening shows of Sud- den lmpact at a local theater in my hometown. As with many popular mov- ies, the house was packed that night. Certainly everyone in the theater was familiar with the reputation of the char- acter, Dirty Harry, as portrayed by Clint Eastwood. There was one that really stuck out in my mind, one that l'm sure nearly everyone today is famil- iar with, even people that never saw the movie. The bad-guy was holding his gun to a woman's head and was threat- ening to blow her head off." Dirty Harry didn't flinch. He held his gun, aimed straight at the man and used those immortal words, "Go ahead, make my day!" The audience stood up and cheered. After the movie Rambo came out, there were a lot of kids running around with toy guns, such as the official Rambo Squirtgun. ln the late seventies and early eighties, karate regalia be- came popular with adolescents due to all the kung-fu movies playing at that time. Teen-scream movies, such as Fri- day the 13th and Halloween have al- ways thrilled audiences with their ultra- violence and gore, and many other movies mimicking these role models have appeared along the side. Television has always had violence in one form or another. From the west- erns of the fifties to the news of today, violence is definitely the way to catch an audience. The news today is almost always opening with a report about ter- rorism, and many of us are familiar with the exploits of Bugs Bunny and his friends. With all this, one has to wonder how violence in the media is effecting us. Ghandi won critical acclaim, but Rambo really raked in the bucks. Vio- lence has appeared in literature throughout human history, from Homer, and earlier, to Shakespeare to today's Steven King. Obviously, acts of violence from the blatant to the clan- destine are fascinating to people in one way or the other. The media would be foolish not to notice the potential to make money on that. Probably one of the most visible acts of violence going on in the world now is terrorist attacks. And they have found their way into our homes mainly through news reports, which now treat them as routine, telling us IJ what hap- pened, 25 who did it, and 33 why they did it. With everyone becoming frus- trated by these acts of mass murder, the entertainment industry has re- 54!Violence in Media Sylvester Stallone stands ready in a scene from "Rambo: First Blood Part ll."'The-movie in April 1985 in a record 2,165 theaters and became one of the highest grossing films of year. sponded by bringing us such films as Invasion: U.S.A., the Rambo films and Commando. All have heroes fighting back, using the enemies' own tactics against them. The media took the pop- ulation's frustration and used it to sell films centered on violence. The Dirty Harry films also play on the frustrations of people, though the source is urban crime, particularly the type where the bad guy gets away. Clint Eastwood gives us a man who is the judge, jury, and the executioner all wrapped into one. Harry knows he's right, we know when he's right, and the guys know when he's right. Dirty Harry always gets his man, whether he goes by the rules or not, and the audience loves it. What's the key? I asked differ- ent people who saw the film if they liked it and if they did, why? The major- ity opinion was they loved seeing the villian get it in the end. The same ap- plied for other films where the hero fought back against the criminal. So what is all this violence, whether real ing to the public? With films war of fighting back against many will say that it is creatingta tionalistic atmosphere, others say only generates patriotism at best, the rest either feel it acts as a vent for society or have no opinion. With films in the cops and robbers category some claim that vigilante responses are being encouraged. Many people re spond to such worries as these with "What's wrong with having a little or saying 'Enough!'?" But does portrayal of violence encourage violence? On the adult level, the general swer is "no." Adults aren't that sionable on such levels. Some ties, however, argue that the way news agencies glamourize acts of te rorism only serves to bring to the the terrorist's claims and encourage them to continue their

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