University of Wisconsin Stevens Point - Horizon / Iris Yearbook (Stevens Point, WI)

 - Class of 1909

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University of Wisconsin Stevens Point - Horizon / Iris Yearbook (Stevens Point, WI) online yearbook collection, 1909 Edition, Cover
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Text from Pages 1 - 162 of the 1909 volume:

4 The his '09 m W -T "'AT,- ; J I - - Nr v T' K ’sS lie Senior __ (Class of 0$ respectfuUti WbteaTe volume to A ZBrMMM' con in token of ii c ir at ion of kim ns a teacher a iVtenb. X ' « A V VV 'r' Itintroduction ...................... School Veils and Song--------------- 6 Picture of Building.................. 8 Faculty........................... 10 Board of Regents.................. 19 Pointer Staff---------------------- 20 Organizations-------------------- — 22 Arena.............................. 24 Forum................................ 29 Ohiyesa ............................ 32 Athenaeum........................... 35 V. W. C. A........................... 39 Music ............................... 41 Male Quartet_________________________ 42 Treble Clef..........................44 Glee Club............................ 46 Orchestra .......................... 48 Freshmen----------------------------- 51 Elements___________________________ 54 Juniors--------------------------- 59 Seniors______________________________ 65 Athletics................... ■ 91 Domestic Science. .....................- 99 Oratory............................. 101 Practice Dept................... — 104 Lest We Forget...... ................ Ill Literary........................... H3 Wit and Humor ........................126 Advertisements .......................149SCHOOL YELLS. 6 The Iris Ve, Ve, Ve, and a Vi, Vi, Vi, Vevi, Vevi, Vevi Vum ! Rat-trap. Cat-trap, Quicker than a steel-trap, Cannibal, Cannibal, Bish, Boom Bah! Normal ! Normal ! Rah Rah Rah ! Who are, Who are. Who are we? We are the Normals of S. Pt. Razzle, Dazzle, Bish Boom Bah, Normal! Normal! Rah Rah Rah! Ching-a-lacka, Ching-a-lacka, Chow ! Chow ! Chow ! Boom-a-lacka, Boom-a-lacka, Bow! Wow! Wow! Ching-a-lacka, Ching, Boom-a-lacka, Bing, Stevens Point Normal Just the thing! Karo Kiro, Karo Kee! Rah, Rah, Rah, for S. Pt. Allegaroo, Garo, Garoint, Normal! Normal ! Stevens Point! Ena Mena Meno, Gollaretta Chet so, Gollaretta, Iskadetta, Ena Mena Oos! What’s the matter with Stevens Point Normal ? She’s all right! What’s all right ? Stevens Point Normal! Who says so ? We all say so ! Who are we? Stevens Point! Isn’t she a la la ? A—a-a--ah !The Iris '09 710 The I,is V9 Pres. John Francis SimsThe Iris ’09 II PRESIDENT JOHN FRANCIS SIMS. Pres. J.F. Sims was born at Buffalo. New York, but in early childhood came with his parents to Wisconsin. They made their home at Manitowoc, where he attended the Public Schools, graduating from the Manitowoc High School. By continued study and effort he obtained an unlimited State certificate at the age of twenty-three. His work thereafter was as principal and superintendent of city schools. He became professor of history and economics in the State Normal School at River Falls in 1896. and later Institute conductor in the same school. He remained at River Falls until he became President of the Stevens Point State Normal School in 1906. His high position in the Wisconsin Schools is assured, and the fact that he has been Presdient of the State Teachers’ Association is proof of the respect felt for him by Wisconsin teachers. . . The his '09 13 THE FACULTY14 The Iris '09 EMMA BRABAND. Critic Teacher Intermediate Department. Graduate of East Division High School, Milwaukee ; also of Milwaukee State Normal School ; State Normal School; Stevens Point, 190 MARY DUN EGAN. Assistant Librarian. High School, Stevens Point; teacher in Mon-tello, Wis., and in Stevens Point; employed in Public Library in Stevens Point, and Mosinee ; took short course in Wisconsin Library School, Madison, Wis. MARY PORTER. Music. Graduate of the Normal Training School of Portland. Maine, and of the Crane Normal Institute of Music. Potsdam. N. Y. ; teacher in the Public Schools of Portland, Me.; Stevens Point Normal School, 1907 MARGARET COFFIN. A. B.. B. S. Domestic Science. University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn.; Columbia University, New York City ; diploma Domestic Science Department Teachers’ College. New York City ; summer sessio n University of Tennessee. 1902, 1905, 1908; teacher Public Schools Knoxville, Tennessee; College for Women. Columbia, South Carolina; Teachers’ College, New York City ; Stevens Point Normal School, 1908— JOSEPI1 INE MacDONALD. Physical Culture. Oswego High School, N. Y.; State Normal, Providence, R. I. ; Sargent Normal School Physical Education, Cambridge, Mass.; director of Pine Street Playgrounds, Cambridge. Mass., for two summers ; student Harvard University SummerSchool of Physical Training. Cambridge, for two seasons; student in the Gilbert Summer Normal School of Classic Dancing, Boston.Mass., for one season; director physical training Y. W. C. A.. Haverhill. Mass., 1905—1908; director physical training, Stevens Point, Wis., 1908-The Iris 09 15 EUDORA H. SAVAGE. Critic Teacher of Grammar Department. I ligh School graduate; student in Michigan State Normal College. Vpsilanti. Michigan, and in Columbia School of Oratory. Chicago; taught in Litchfield. Michigan ; Beloit. Wis. ; O; k Park. 111.; Stevens Point Normal. 1908 JOSEPH V. COLLINS. Ph. IL. Ph. I). Mathematics. Uniwrsity of Wooster. ’$6; taught in Preparatory Dept., University of Wooster: Johns Hopkins University, one and a hall years: professor of mathematics. Hastings College, five years; professor of mathematics at Miami University, Oxford. Ohio, five years; Stevens Point Normal School, 94 JOSEPH IN H 1-1TZ G E KALI). Supervisor of Practice. State Normal. Oshkosh. Wis. ; Chicago University t v quarters. 1898; Summer Sessions 1903, 19« 4, 19(8; teacher in Public Schools. Oshkosh. Wis., and in Blue Island. 111.; instructor State Normal School, Oshkosh. Summer Session 1906; State Normal School. River Pal Is; State Normal School. Stevens Point. DAVID OLSON, A. B. Geography anil Biology. University of Michigan. 1902; assistant in psychology. University of Michigan. 1902; graduate student. University of Chicago (Summer; 1902; Cornell University (Summer) 1903; Columbia University (Summer) 1901; instructor in geography. Central State Normal School. Mt. Pleasant. Mich., 1902—1903; instructor in geography. State Normal school. Stevens Point. 1903- MARION P. PEAKE. A. B. English, Literature. Provincial Normal School, New Brunswick, Canada. University of New Brunswick. Canada; Harvard, Summer Sessiorr 1906. 1907: teacher New York City, Oshkosh, Wis.; State Normal School, Stevens Point.16 The Iris 09 GENEVIEVE GILRUTH, Ph. B. Latin. University of Chicago one year ; North Western University; instructor Stevens Point Normal School, 1908— W. F. LUSK, Ph. B. Physics, yJgriculturc. Physiology. Graduate River Falls State Normal School; University of Wisconsin; principal Polk Co. Training School; superintendent Ellsworth City Schools; principal Hammond High School; Stevens Point Normal School. 1907— ALEXANDRINE LaTOURETTE. A. B. Librarian. Fenton High School. 1902; attended Ripon College. Ripon. Wis., for three years; Kalamazoo College, Kalamazoo. Mich., 1907 ; Pratt Institute Library School, Brooklyn. N. Y., 1908 ; held positions in Ripon College Library, Kalamazoo College Library, Kalamazoo Public Library, New York Public Library; Stevens Point Normal School. 1908- ALBERT K. SANFORD, B. L., A. M. History, Political Economy, Civil Government. State Norma! School, Platteville, 1886; University of Wisconsin, B. L.; Harvard University, A. M.; assistant Dodgeville High School, 1886-1889; principal Wisconsin Academy, M:d-ison, 1892-3; State Normal School, Stevens Point, 1894— NINA MARGARET WHITMAN. Kindergarten Critic Teacher. Graduate of the St. Paul High and Teachers’ Training Schools; taught in one of the public school kindergartens of that city; graduated from the Chicago Kindergarten College; ]x st graduate work in the same school; Stevens Point Normal School, 1907—tsa The Iris ’09 !7 WINIFRED HATCH SPINDLER. Clerk, Ticasurer. Register in Probate, Waupaca County, 1897--1901 ; Wood Business College, New York City, 1902; stenographer at Headquarters, Wisconsin Veterans’Home, 1903—06; computing clerk. Washburn Observatory and stenographer. Graduate School, State University,Madison, Wis., 1906--07; clerk and treasurer. State Normal School.Stevens Point. 1908 — FRANK NICHOLAS SPINDLER, B. A., M. A. Psychology, History of Education. Oberlin Academy, Oberlin, Ohio, 1890; Oberlin College. B. A., 1894 ; graduate student Harvard University, Philosophy and Education. 1894--97, B. A., M. A.; professor of latin, psychology, and political economy. Bellevue College, Nebraska 1897—98; assistant professor of psychology and pedagogy. State Normal College, Ypsilanti, Michigan. 1898--99; professor of philosophy and psychology. Fairmont College, Wichita, Kansas, 1S99—1900; State Normal Sol:ool, Stevens Point. 1901 — NANNIE R. GRAY. German. Illinois State Normal University; teacher for six years in High Schools of Decatur, and Aurora, Illinois ; studied in Germany 1895--6 ; again in 1902 ; attended five summer sessions at Universities in Mass., N. Y., and Wis.; Stevens Point Normal School, 1S96 — C. BALDWIN BACON. B. A., M. A. General History, English, and Reading. Peddie Institute 1S88-1892; Brown University, 1892—4; Columbia University, 1897—9. A. B.; Harvard University, 1899—1900, A.M.; Harvard University, 1900—1902; instructor in history, Peddie Institute; instructor in history, Cambridge E. H. School: assistant instructor history of philosophy. Harvard University; Stevens Point Normal School, 1902— EDITH PHELPS. Drawing. Pratt Institute; Art Students’ League of New York. One year newspaper work in NewYork ; supervisor of drawing, Pueblo, Colorado ; State Normal School, Stevens Point, 1907—18 The Iris '09 FLORENCE KING. Supervisor of Practice, Third Ward. High School. Red Wing, Minn.; studied University of Minn.; completed critic teachers’ course Oswego Slate Normal and Training School, Oswego, N. Y. ; teacher in Red Wing. Minn., Litchfield, Minn., Minneapolis, Minn. ; Stevens Point Normal School, 1906 — FRANK S. HYER Institute Conductor. State Normal School, Milwaukee 18%; County Supt. Jefferson County, Wis., 1893—94; Prin. Ward School, Sheboygan, ’%—97 ; Sup.-Prin. High School, Rhinelander, '97--1900; Prin. Co. Training School, Manitowoc, '02—’05 ; State Normal School, Stevens Point, ’05 — MYRTLE SHOLTY. Critic Teacher Primary Grades. High School, Wabash. Indiana; Training School, Wabash, Indiana; School of Education, University of Chicago; teacher in public schools, Wabash, Indiana; State Normal School, Stevens Point. GARRY E. CULVER. A. M. Geology, Chemistry. Whitewater Normal School, Harvard University; University of Wisconsin; High School principal five years; college eight years; Normal Schools eighteen years; University of Wisconsin lecturer three years; Stevens Point Normal School. FRANK K. SECHRIST, Ph. D. Literature, Rhetoric. LaFayette College, collegiate course, graduate course in philology and pedagogy ; teacher in public school, in a private school, and Normal school; department of English, State Normal School, Lock haven, Penn.; department psychology and methods Lockhaven, Penn.; Stevens Point State Normal School, 19(K —'T7he Iris ’09 19 BOARD OF REGENTS OF NORMAL SCHOOLS. Ex-Officio State Superintendent C. P. Cary Term Ending February, 1909. F. 0. Ensign............................ River Falls John Harrington...................................Oshkosh Term Ending February, 1910. H. O. Hamilton................................ Whitewater C. D. McFarland...................................Stevens Point Term Ending February, 1911. C. H. Crownhart.............................. Superior Theodora W. Youmans..............................Waukesha Term Ending February, 1912. Duncan McGregor.............-.................Platteville Theodore Kronshage..............................Milwaukee Term Ending February, 1913. Thomas Morris....................................LaCrosse Emmett Horan...................................Eau Claire OFFICERS OF THE BOARD. Thos. Morris, Vice President and Acting President_LaCrosse William Kittle, Secretary.........................Madison Andrew H. Dahl, Treasurer, ex-officio............ Madison OFFICIAL VISITORS. 1907-1908. Supt. L. D. Harvey............................. Menomonie Supt. G. W. Swartz...............................Chippewa Falls Supt. E. M. Bkeman............................ ...Neenah20 The Iris 09 Pointer St5.fiThe Iris ’09 2 OFFICERS OF PRESS ASSOCIATION. Edward Meyer Edward Fromm .... President. . ..VicePresident. Ellen Wheelock Secretary. Editor POINTER STAFF. Associate Editors I). P. Hughes Agnes Boyington Hazel Sheldon Lucile Davenport Literary Editor Ivlin Langenberg Training Department Athletics May Colburn Elmer Gera Id son Domestic Science Zelma Caesar Locals Wit and Humor Ellen Wheelock Viola Wood Fred Somers Henry Halverson ART Anna Smith Louis Cook General Reporter Exchange Editor Max Walthers Mamie Ames Class Reporters Esther Thompson John Weinberger Etta Christiansen Albert Wells Irene Feeley Myron Williams Helen Stemen Reed MeWithy Eva LaDuke Society Reporters Edward Mach Hazel Sheldon Ethel Breakey B. V. Christensen Business Manager Edward Fromm Assistant Business Manager Milo Wood22 The Iris ■xi—The lrh '09 23 The Stevens Point Normal Can Boast of the Following Organizations. Senior class. Junior class. Elementary class. Freshman class. Forum, men's literary society. Athenaeum, men's literary society. Arena, girl’s literary society. Ohiyesa. girl’s literary society. Oratorical association. Press association. Pointer staff. Iris staff. Athletic association. Basket-ball teams. Foot-ball team. Track teams. Tennis association. Treble clef club. Glee club. Male quartet. Orchestra. Lecture course committee. Rhetorical committee. Y. W. C. A.The his 09 26 I he his 09 ARENA ROLL CALL. Della Hofer Crystal Bigelow Clara Farrell Christine Gilbertson Essie Thompson Eva Bernier Mabelle Rogers Irene Fceley Anna Hoverson Hazel Waltersdorf Frances Baker Etta Christensen Helen Brady Florence Meade Eva LaI)nke Mary Marson Emma LaDuke Myrtle Roberts Helen Singleton Celia Morrison Nellie Gaffney Armilda Rifleman Nellie Lynch Jessie Niven Nellie Gnstin Mary Dunegan Nellie Reading True Hyland Florence Marsh Beatrice Bachman Zelma Caeser Kate McFadden Ada Parker Marie Thorne Ethel Brcakey Faye Kingsbury Marie Bentson Clara Berens Lila Thompson Myra Udell Margaret Tosher Vivien Hainer Mae Fuller May Greening Florence Ghoca Pauline Bohman Myrtle Bentson Minnie Rahr Anna Yalir Marian Mortiboys Kathryn Gwin Margaret Stephenson Hilda Hot . Lillie Wanbon Maud McClellan Agnes Boyington Anna. Johnston Esther Ramsey Nora Moe Josephine Bannach Josephine Bliefernicht Theresa LeinenkugelThe Iris ’09 27 ARENA. Listen mv friends and you shall hear Of the doings of the Arena throughout the year. On the fourth of September in nineteen eight. We loyal Arenaites gathered in state. And started our work with right good cheer. We chose Miss Hofer for president then, She worked with a will the whole year through ; Our roll call soon was long again. For under her rule our membership grew. As second president Miss Parrel we chose, And with her advent the spirit arose. Next Miss Thompson took the lead. Watchful e’er for the Arena’s need. And lastly Miss Rogers, whom none can exceed. On one bright night in early fall. We received the young ladies one and all. And just as Christmas time drew near, We remembered that it was still leap year, And gave a party we oft recall: We enjoyed escorting the Forum boys To the gym that night, and one of our joys Was the return reception that they gave: The refreshments fairly “made us rave.” Meanwhile we met on each Friday night, Whether ’twas stormy or whether ’twas bright. Our programs the members’ talents did show In the wit and wisdom and music and fun. Then may the years as they come and go Our work and our efforts ever bless. May every year be well begun And carried through with the best success. Kixy, Ko-ex, Ko-ex, Ko-ex ! Trixy, Tu-lix, Tu-lix. Tu-lix ! Kickaboo-bah ! Kickaboo-bah ! Normal Arena ! Rah, Rah, Rah ! . The Iris '09 29 THE. FORUM The Forum may rightfully say that the enthusiasm shown by its meml ers is a credit to the organization. The aim of the society is to develop strong character in its members so as to fit them for useful citizens. The actual business carried on bythesccietv inevitably results in an invaluable training which cannot lx secured by any other phase of school work. The regular work of the society consists of impromptu and assigned talks, declamations, and impromptu and prepared debates. Parliamentary practice is a regular feature of the program and serves as a valuable aid in training the younger members for regular work. Current topics receive due recognition. A quartet is maintained which renders selections at the meetings of the society and at regular school programs. For the first time in six years our team met defeat in the Forum—Athenaeum Intersociety Debate. The representatives for the coming contest with the Athenaeum are William Dineen, Edward Fromm, and Elmer Geraldson. Among the large number of good records made by former members of the society, it is worthy of mention that John Clark. Gerhard Gesell, and Harold Martin, the three members originally selected at the local contest to represent the University of Wisconsin in the debate with the University of Iowa, were members of the Forum. Mr. Clark, however, accepted a position as teacher in the Philippines early in the year, and accordingly did not take part in the contest. The a!x ve record shows that the Forum stands high in rank with debating societies. The membership is unlimited. At present the number of active members is thirty-five. The following is a list of the names: IRck. Joseph Bisclu IT. Clarence Callanan, Frank Chcasick, Cla-ence Collins, Paul Culver. Gerry Dawes, Amos Dineen. Henry Dineen. William Eich, Paul Fromm, Edward Geraldson, Elmer Halverson, Henry Halverson. Kenneth Hein, Leo Hill. Laurence Leonard, Fred Mach, Edward Majerus, Peter Means. Austin Miltimore, William Monian, Joe McDill. Conover Nedrv, Clive Xinman, Herman Olson, Alvin Olson. Melvin Olson. Thomas O’Connel, William Owen, Wayne Paulson, Salvin Reyer. Edward Somers. I 'red Wadleigh. Samuel Whitney. Wilber50 7 he Iris '09 Thomas Olson. Pres. William Diuein, Debater I;rcd Somers. Pres. 1Mward Fromm, Debater and Pres. Ivlnier Gerald son, Pres, and Debater lid ward Kever, Society OratorThe Iris '09 3132 The Iris '09 OHIYESA Mabel Allen Florence Alniy Leocadie Arcliambault Edythe Ballard Judith Bennett Ruth Bennett Amy Bloye Emma Bronson Hazel Brooks Beatrice Brown Saydee Butterfield Mae Cartinill Isabelle Cheasick May Colburn Laura Coon Ina Crockett Lucile Davenport Margaret Dorney Julia Dumas Mary Dunegan Phebe Dunn Emma Dvsland Minnie Faber Jessie Flaherty Theresa Gleason Gladys Hafsoos Emma Hoge Isabel Horne Louise Huistel Gail Jakway Lulu Johnson Blanche Judd Bell Kalisky Selma Kalisky Susie Kelly Louise Kircher Kvrren Kittleson Ella Langenberg Kathryn Lusk Mary Lyons Christie MacLcnnan Katherine Maloney Hazel Marsh Helena Marti nsen Louise Mathie Kathleen McKeown Irene McPhail Margery McPherson Leda Mosher Erma Nason Let tie Nelson Winifred Nelson Elsie Newby Frances Oesterle Evelyn Oster Grace Pease Clara Peterson Ella Pratt Emma Protz Mabel Purvis Pearl Reinhart Katherine Riley Mae Riley Odella Rollefson Ruth Ross Nelle Rozelle Minnie Rudolph Hazel Salter Jennie Salter Meta Schenk Maude Scott Hazel Sheldon Myrtle Silzer Jessie Swan Clara Tufte Isla Warner Rose Weltman Ellen Whcelock Inez Whitney Ethel Whittaker Ida Williams Hazel Wilson Myrtle Wilson Florence Ziegler Violetta ZimmerThe l,is 09 33 Klla Langenljerjr Hazel Sheldon Ellen Wheeloek {To our joUp tribe toe are lopal anb true, J ear us sing CMjipesa! Sub all of our Nubians reb, pelloto, anb blue, JJear us sing f)tpesa! Sub altoaps are lopal to our noble (Cljirf, (KHljo beeps us anb guarbs us from banger anb grief. o here goes a pell for our Jnbian (Chief, tytvt it goes,— 0f)ipesa, 3(sb bo oo-bafj! dt bipesa, 3sb bo oo bafj! (Dfjipes.a, Ssb-booobab! ®gb!34 The Iris ’09 OHIYESA Where the gre..t Wisconsin river Plowing onward toward the ocean. Widens in a fertile valley. Passes through a White Man’s city. Is encamped a hand of Indians, Lives the tribe of Ohiyesa; Learning from their paleface brothers Many things of worldly wisdom. For these Ohiyesa maidtns Prize the White Man's books and learning, Love the paleface ways and customs; But the Red Men’s joys allure them. Prove to be a greater solate For the trials and temptations That beset their path at Normal, And they think their ways are better. When the harvests of the summer And the fruits of early Autumn, Had been stored away for winter; Had been gathered for the winter; And the leaves of oak and maple. Red and golden in the sunshine, In the cold but cheerful sunshine. Brightened all the world with glory; At the Normal all assembled, Ohiyesa and her sisters. Ohiyesa and her brothers. There they met in love and concord. There they smoked the friendly peace-pipe. Ohiyesa had three chieftain-; Each of them in turn was Big Chief; One of them was chosen in the Autumn, And her words were full of wisdom. When she ruled, our paleface sisters Were so charmed with Ohiyesa, With the little Indian maidens. Many came to join our council. Many gathered round our camp-fire. Next did reign our Little Big Chief. She was leader in the winter. Dear to her was Ohiyesa. Dear to her the Indian customs. In the later months of winter. Ami the moons of Leaves and Flowers, Ruled a chief whose hair was golden. But whose heart was with our nation. She was loved by all our Indians, For her smile was full of sunshine, And her red-skin name was Happy. At the Stevens Point Great Normal. Whence came forth such worthy teachers. Whence came forth such mighty warriors. Ready to take up life’s battle. And be strong, ami brave, and manly. Dwelt the Indians' paleface brothers. Lived the great tribe. Athenaeum. On one evening in November, In the month of fun and frolic, Ohiyesa saw her brothers. Heard her brothers spell —and wondered. When December brought its snowflakes, Dressed the pine trees all in ermine, Made the world gleam bright with diamonds, Ohiyesa and her brothers Gathered with tlieir famous war-cry; All prepared to make a journey To the friendly land of Jordan: But the road was long and drifted. Ohiyesa and her brothers. Ohiyesa and her sisters. Lived in peace and greatest friendship. Buried deep the bloody hatchet. Many times did Ohiyesa Show the cunning of the Red Man; Many times did Ohiyesa Show the wisdom of the White Man. To her paleface friends, her school-mates, Ohiyesa gives her blessing; To her members may her camp-fire. With its glow of great achievement, With its holy name of sister, Be a beacon in the future. Lighting them upon life’s pathway.—H. L. S.'Vhelris '09 35 A very important phase of education offered by this school is that derived from work in the literary societies. Altlio not compulsory it is supported and encouraged by all members of the faculty. We are extremely fortunate in that we have two girls’ literary organizations as well as two for the young men. In many of our Normal Schools we find only one of each ; and altlio one is much better than none, two of each will, without doubt, prove more beneficial to the respective members. In the first place more of the students join and take active part in this work; for each society strives in a friendly and fair way to induce the new students to join ; while they in turn inspect the work of each and join the one which appeals to them as being the most congenial and advantageous. Secondly, each society does not follow exactly the same plan in carrying on its work ; and hence more time and thot is put into the work and greater interest shown in carrying out their respective programs. Third, each student is given a chance to appear oftener and thus receives more training and practical knowledge of literary work. Fourth, it creates a spirit of friendly rivalry and stimulates each to put forth greater effort in order to further the interests of his own society. Last, but by no means least, is the standard of gentlemanly behavior and decorum which is set up and maintained by each in its effort to outdo the other in this respect. These are but a few of the many advantages of having two societies in any school. It has been said by several of the graduates of this school that the benefits derived from society work were equal to if not greater than those derived from any one subject taken regularly in class. This is a fact which must be admitted by the most skeptical, for is this not the age where the practical man is the successful one and what is more practical than a knowledge of parliamentary law?36 The Iris '09 The work of the Athenaeum is carried on with several distinct purposes in mind. First, the regular exercises in parliamentary practice give the members a good working knowledge of the steps involved in framing resolutions and passing the same, in amending bills, killing bills, preventing the consideration of objectionable measures, and many other phases too numerous to mention. The self-evident value of such education need not be commented upon. Then again an opportunity is given to several members each year to conduct these meetings according to Robert’s Rules of Order. Thus the knowledge acquired thru parliamentary practice is practically applied, and is retained in the mind by doing; for knowing how to do a thing and doing it are two different propositions. In the past, students who did not have any idea of how to conduct a meeting have, after working in the society twenty weeks or less, been able to stand before an assembly and transact business in a manner that could not be criticised by the most skeptical. Further, the art of debating and declaiming is acquired by regular and faithful work along these lines in this society. The value of this practice is inestimable, for every one knows it is no easy matter for a person not having this practice to stand before an assembly and give a logical line of arguments, or even to give his own opinion of certain matters. This work is further stimulated by the annual inter-societv debate and declamatory contest in which members from all the school societies are allowed to compete. The year of 1907--8 was a very successful one for the Athenaeum both as to society work and school literary work. Two of its members, A. S. Wells and Robert Morrison, were chosen to take part in the school debate which was to have been against Superior. At the annual inter-society debate and declamatory contest, the Athenaeum carried off all honors, our debaters winning by a decision of two to one, and A S. Wells getting first place in declamation. This year our work up to date has been both interesting and successful. The membership is greater than that of last year and the attendance good, considering the number of school functions and outside attractions which tend to draw the students from the path of duty. H. R. Steiner and J. F. Weinberger both Athenaeumites are members of the Junior Debating team which met Oshkosh in April. In the annual oratorical contest we secured first honors, A. S. Wells securing first place and I). P. Hughes, third. As to the Inter-society debate we can make no comment except that the Athenaeum team B. V. Cristensen, P. A. Carlson and R. W. Cummings will uphold the affirmative of the question. “Resolved, That injunctions in labor disputes are justifiable.” Do not take it from this that we measure success by the honors won ; but when in any contest we have put forth our best efforts and conducted ourselves in a gentlemanly manner; when the members have secured from the society the greatest amount of good possible; when we have laid a foundation for further advancement in parliamentary laws, etc. ; then, and then only, do we say the work of the Athenaeum literary society has been successful. B. V. C.The Iris '09 37 Albert S. Wells, Pres, and Orator Iiliner Adams. Pres Bernard V. Christensen, Pres, and Debater Rial Cummings. Debater Max Walther, Pres. Paul Carlson. DebaterThe Iris 09 39 Y. W. C. A. HlC V. W. C. A. is a prominent organization in our school and aims to draw the student body into close Christian fellowship. In many schools the V. W. C. A. has become one of the most useful permanent societies of the school. Its helpfulness is shown not only in the spiritual uplift, but in the numberless kindly influences which bind students together. Although our society is not very large, its members are among the most earnest and industrious students. Our meetings which are held at 3:45 on Thursday afternoons are open to all the young women of the school. Those who attend these meetings find in the short half hour of quiet reflection, song and prayer, a welcome release from petty worries : and a truer knowledge of the relative worth of the tasks before them is gained, as well as a clearer mind with which to pursue them. This year, the society has had not only its midweek meetings at the Normal School, but also its Sunday meetings at the different churches of the city. After the weekly meetings, light refreshments were served and a social time enjoyed. The girls of the Y. W. C. A. have had many pleasant times together. Among the social events was a Washington party given February nineteenth in the Normal gymnasium. A small hatchet was presented to each guest as a souvenir. A colonial supper was served, the guests finding their places by means of place-cards in the shape of little hatchets. An interesting program was enjoyed and everyone reported a pleasant evening. Another social event which afforded much pleasure to the students and faculty of the school was a salmagundi party given in the gymnasium. Salmagundi meaning backward. the order of entertainment was planned so as to be reversed. The invitations also asked the guests to come with their clothing reversed. The guests were ushered in backward. which afforded a great deal of merriment. Refreshments were served, after which a very unique program was rendered, the speakers and singers facing the wall instead of facing the audience. The farewell address was given first, and the address of welcome ended the program. Several familiar musical selections were played backward and very few of us were able to recognize our old favorites. Last, but not least, a sunbonnet drill was given by a few girls. This called forth a great deal of laughter. A very sociable time was reported by all. There is inspiration in beauty. Knowing this, the convention has chosen Lake Geneva as its place of meeting. Our association will send one or two delegates to this convention, where, in place of brick walls and burning sidewalks, they may enjoy the comfort and beauty afforded by the lake.-u Kyrren Kitlleson Minnie Yahr Emm. Dysland May Roberts Margery McPherson Nelle Rozclle Kathryn Gwin Marian Mortiboy Alexandrine I«aTourettc Celia Morrison Beth Owen Myrtle Roberts llaael Brooks Lulu Johnson. Myrtle Sholty Florence King Ada Parker Ella Pratt Armilda Rifleman Florence Meade Louise Mathic Mabel Purvia Jessie Niven Minnie Faber Lucile Davenport Maude Scott May Colburn Josephine MacDonald Minnie Sustins Anna Yahr Hazel Waite rsdorf Amy Bloyc Mabelle Rogers Hazel Marsh Fern Marsh Saydce Butterfield Myrtle Bcntson Dora llartleb Margaret Dorncy Erma Nason Esther Ramsey True Hyland Eva La Duke Julia Dumas The Iris '09The Iris ’09 4142 The his ’09 THE NORMAL QUARTET Herbert Steiner Laurence Hill Albert Wells Henrv Halverson44 The Iris '09The Iris '09 45 MARY PORTER, Director. BLANCHE HILL. Accompanist. TREBLE CLEF. 1st Soprano. Eva Bernier Nina Coye Irene Feely Lulu Johnson Anna Muehlstein Marion Myers Florence Ross Beth Owen Jessie Hill 2nd Soprano. May Colburn Eva LaDuke Hazel Sheldon 1st Alto. Viola Wood Armilda Rifleman Alexandrine LaTourette Marie Thorne Lettie Nelson 2nd Alto. Beatrice Bachman Zelma Caesar Amy Bloye Margaret Dorney Lucile Davenport Bessie Rowe Frances Baker Josephine Collins Clara Farrell Jessie Flaherty Hazel Marsh Stella Murat Elsie Newby Nellie Reading Minnie Sustins Crystal Bigelow Rosetta Johnson Louise MathieEdward Rever William Miltimore Laurence Hill Max Walthers Henry Halverson, Conductor Conover McDill Edward Fromm Herbert Steiner, Pres. Fred Gustin Austin Means Clarence Hisclioff Kenneth Halverson The Iris '094R The Iris '09 iThe Iris '09 49 The Stevens Point Normal Orchestra. Mary A. Porter, Director. First Violins. First Clarinet Roy Ennor Clarence Coye William Miltimore Eleanor Pfiffner Pearl Rhinehart Grace O’Connor Second Violins. Hazel Wilson Ruth Kollock Helen Singleton Emma Rowe Bass Viol Edward Reyer Ernest Badten Second Clarinet Austin Means Flute Edward Fromm First Cornet Clarence Bischoff Second Cornets Walter Baldwin Amos Dawes Piano Blanche Hill Drums Ernest Viertel During the past year the membership of the Normal Orchestra has averaged eighteen. Music has been furnished by the orchestra for rhetoricals, for the preliminary oratorical contest, for the class receptions, and for various other school activities. The his '09 51 FRESHMAN CLASS '08 09. Abrahamson, Walter A ms worth, Mabel Allen, Mabel Bannach, Marion Barnsdale, Elisabeth Bennett, Ruth Bentley, Bernice Bentley, Jessie Bigelow, Crystal Boston, Esther Brady, Helen Buck, Ella Butterfield, Saydee Cauley, Hazel Doane, Clarence Doxrud, Alice Dumas, George Eagan, Maynie Ellis, Pearl Feely, Marie Gebert, Lulu Gordon, Alice Gordon, Fabiola Grover, Lynn Harder, Viola Hephuer, Gerald Judd, Florence Kalisky, Bell Kalisky, Selma Kelly, Grace King, Pearl Kingston, Agnes Leary, Grace Leary. Lizzie Leary. Katherine Leonard, Fred. Loberg, Helen McCallin, Marie McWithey, Reid Mason, Margaret Means, Austin Miller, Augusta Miller, Helen Monian, Joe Mosher, Leda Nicholson, Mabel O’Connor, Grace O’Connor, Loretta Olson, Alvin L. Olson, Melvin J. Pauzer, Elsa Pierce, Bernice Purvis, Mabel Riley, John Riley, Katherine Riley, Mae Schmidt, Alma Sitzer, Myrtle Stemen, Helen Thorske, Ella Welch, Mattie Welt man, Rose Whitney, Wilber Wilson, Myrtle Wysocki, Winnifred Zimmer, Violitla ) 4r 52 7 be Iris 09 Alice Doxrud, center Saydee Butterfield, guard Helen Stemen, forward Myrtle Wilson, forward Winnifred Wysocki, guard Alice Loberg. sub.The Iris '09 53 Austin Means, Vice Pres. Lynn B. Grover, Pres. George Dumas, Treas. Alvin L. Olson. Sec. Reid McWithcy. Serg. at Arms54 The Iris '09 Motto: Climb, tho the rocks be rugged. Class colors: Silver gray and cardinal. Class flower: American Beauty Rose. Climb—and we all have tried to, Though—our problems have been deep; The—work was often hard to do— Rocks---before us oft were steep. Be--ever striving the best to win, Rugged—rocks but help you to begin. For there’s no plateau on the mountain of life. It is always up or down ; The upward path is one of strife, The downward, easily found. But the Element class of 1909, A lofty motto hath ; May that motto help us to follow the line Of that straight and upward path.The his ’09 55 Paul Collins, Pres Emma LaDuke, Sec. Elmer Adams. Serg. at Arms Fred Gustin, Vice Pres. Thomas Olson, Treas,56 The his '09 ELEMENTARY BASKET BALL TEAM Pern Marsh Julia Little XellieGustin Irene I- eely Kmm.i LaDuke Hazel Marsh Kva Harnsdale A CLASS PROPHECY In 1919 when I completed my Palace Car air-ship, over which I had spent so many years, my first thot was in what way I could best test it on a long journey, and decided that just for my amusement I would look up my old classmates at the Normal in 1909. All arrangements were soon completed for the trip, and I decided that it would probably be a good plan to l egin my campaign at our great metropolis. New York. I arrived in New York June 21, and having nothing to do proceeded to see the sights of the city. As I was strolling leisurely along, I noticed on the front of a beautiful iron-stone building a m ignificent sign which informed the public that. “Arts, fine arts, can be seen within”. Being of a curious disposition, I went in. A pale, aesthetic looking gentleman came forward to meet me. Imagine my surprise when I discovered him to be Roy Knnor, our class artist when at school. We had a great old chat about dear S. P. N., in the course of which I told him of my invention and what brought me to New York. I asaed him if he Knew of any others of our classmates, and he said. “No“, in rather a peculiar voice, but invited me to take dinner at liis home, which invitation I gladly accepted, and we were shortly spinning out to his villa on the lake shore. After a few minutes delay his wife came into their beautiful library to meet me. and who do you suppose it was? Our shy little Emma Hoge! After dinner that evening we were riding in Roy’s car afld noticed a brilliantly lighted building, with the sign "Geometrical Gymnastics", posted outside the door. We went in and there on the platform stood a tall, dark man with a blackboard beside him, and he was demonstrating the fact that he could solve any problem by Geometry in twenty seconds. There was something familiar about the man, and it at last struck me that it was Rial Cummings, our star mathematician in 1909. Of course, we went up to him and had a delightful talk about old times. Rial was very helpful in telling me the whereabouts of other classmates. I learned from him that Klmcr Adams was owner of all the roller skating rinks in the United States and we had a good laugh as we recalled how Klmer had made several dents in a perfec'ly good floor upon the occasion of his first trial.The Iris '09 5 Rial also told me of Kathryn McClone, who, lie said, was supervisor of practice schools of the state of Texas. During the course of our conversation some one suggested that we g »to the theatre, ami noth ng loath, we got into the car, and arrived there in a few minutes. I was lnndcd a program, and while waiting for the curtain, glanced idly thru it. Mv in lifTvretue. however, soon turned to surprise when I noted that the star’s n mie was Isla Warner. I tliot to myself that it surely could not be our little Isla Warner, but, nevertheless, waited with pleasurable anticipation and wa, somewhat disappointed when the orchestra commenced playing. Roy, however, became interested at once and grabbed my opera glass to make a closer inspection of the conductor. He then said. "I knew it! That's Leo Hein; I tliot I couldn’t make a mistake in that f..cc”. Ami sure enough it was Leo. Just then the curtain rose and the play was on. The star did not appear until the second scene and I leaned forward eagerly as she came in. greeted by storms of applause. Yes, that certainly was Isla and she played her part of a little Dixie girl with great success. At the close of the play we found Isla and Leo. and reinforced in numbers, we again took Roy’s «ar and in a short time were at Owen’s, one of the best restaurants in the city, where we had dinner. The owner of the buil ling passed thru the room and caught some remark of ours about Stevens Point. In a short time lie returned and inquired if any one of us were from Stevens Point. We told him the circum-stan es of our visit and he then informed us that he was Wayne Owen, whom of course we all now rein mbered. At a late hour I returned to my hotel where I found my faithful aeronaut, who, bv the way, wj;s none other than ihe rather uncertain Clarence Bischoff of S. I N. days, still in charge of the car. The next morning I left New York and went to Pittsburg, because I had been told by Wayne that Kenneth Halverson was in that city, and tliat he could tell me of others of my classmates. I found him very readily bv consulting the directory, and after his name and address was a very imposing announcement, “President of Ice-Cream Makers Union’’. I had a hearty laugh to note in what direction Kenneth’s earlier love for the delicacy had turned his life vocation. When I was admitted into that inner sanctum, imagine his surprise at seeing one of his former classmates. We talked for some time and he told me that Alvin Olson was reposing in the lap of luxury in Japan as the reward for inventing an electric typewriter, which would turn out quantities of work without intervention of man. Kthel Wh’ttaker, with whom, Kenneth rather sheepishly informed me he was corresponding, was teacher of elocution in Atlanta, Georgia. While "doing’’ the city that afternoon we noticed one sign “Marsh Sisters. Physical Culture”, and more for fun than anything else, we went in to see if it could possibly be our old friends. Hazel and Pern. As we were entering the building, a tall, young man brushed hurridly past us and hailed a passing air-ship. I turned to look at him. as there was something strangely familiar in his appearance. When lie had disappeared, I said. “Well, I could have sworn that that was Walter Baldwin". But Kenneth sad he didn't believe so and I dismissed it from my tnind. We were ushered into a large, airy room, evidently a gymnasium, and a young woman came up to us and very politely offered to show us the different parts of the building. As we were talking we mentioned Stevens Point and not until then did we know that this young woman was Hazel Marsh. She said that Fern was called away but would soon return. When Fern came we all talked and laughed for several minutes. When a lull came in the conversation. Hazel said, with a teasing look at Fern, "Do you know why Fern was called away? She was entertaining a young man named Walter B. who has just returned from Europe where he is United States ambassador and here is the result of his call”, and with this Hazel dramatically drew the hand of the blushing Fern from behind her. You can probably guess what was to be lound on the third finger of the left hand. The girls said that we could find Marjorie McPherson and Ruby Yorton established in a very imposing building alxmt twelve blocks from there, on which the sign read, "H.iir-Dressing-Parisian Styles”. We made arrangements to go to lieara famous soloist. Mdlle. Carmeni, that evening, who was to make her first appearance, after several years spent in training abroad. The whole affair was characterized by extreme simplicity, her only accompaniment being the piano which was excellently controlled by one who undoubtedly knew her art. There appeared to be something familiar alxmt the singer, but I did not recognize her until Kenneth said. “I believe that singer is Minnie Sustins", ami added, with more force than good grammar, “and. by jingoes, if that isn’t Blanche Hill”. Minnie and Blanche they certainly were, and we found that neither had changed, as Blanche was soon engaged in a heated discussion with Kenneth over some baskctliall game p aved at S. P. N. during the jolly year of 1909. Blanche told me that Rosetta Johnson and Ilarshaw Hay were married and living happily in sunny Italy. Next d ty I visited Harvard College of which Mr. Thomas Olson was President. It seemed hard to believe that he could really be our Tommy Olson but upon talking with the august gentleman himself found it to be Tom. He told me that he hail several S. P. N. students in his faculty; Kmma I a Duke was there as gymnasium teacher -.ml was making a great success of it, especially of the basketball, over which. I remembered she used to grow so enthusiastic. Irene Feelev was teacher of mathematics, and I laughed to myself as I thot how surprised Mr. Collins would be if he knew it. Florence Knight, I also found there as teacher of art. and Alice Kingston as teacher of geology. President Olson invited me to dinner at his home and when his wife came to meet me who do you suppose it was? Beth Owen. Both told me of Dora Hartleb, who was living in quiet old Philadelphia, where she was becoming quite renouned as a milliner. Later in the evening we went to a lecture on woman suffrage. Pres. Olson had forgotten to tell me the speaker’s name, so you can imagine my surprise to see Anna Muelhstein step onto the platform after her introduction by Meta Schenk, a prominent woman suffragist of that city.58 The Iris '09 After the lecture, which was very well rendered, a young woman came up to talk with the president, whom he introduced as one who had become prominent as one of the greatest research workers in geographical questions of the day. The next day, a very interesting account of the lecture was given in one of the best newspapers, the editor of which I found to be Myron Williams, our serious Freshman president. There was, in addition to the article a sprightly, jingly little poem about the speaker and suffrage in general and I found the author’s name given as Marion Morteboys, whom I now remembered as the class poet. Beth also told me that the Yahr sisters, Minnie and Anna, were living quitely in Philadelphia where they were making a scientific research of their ancestry in an endeavor to find a family tree reaching farther lxick than the trip in the Mayflower. That evening we attended a Gypsy Chorus Girls’ Concert, where we were very splendidly entertained with music, instrumental and vocal, dancing, and some very realistic dramatizations of camp scenes. Noting the names of the chorus girls we found Florence Ross, Leila Nelson, Louise Weiland, Nellie Gustin, and Susie Kelly. On talking with the girls later, I learned of several other classmates. Ix uise told me that she was corresponding with Paul Collins, who was a sedate railroad magnate now, being president of the Consolidation of Railroads of the Northwest. I laughed to myself at the idea of the irresponsible and carefree Paul as the president of a railroad. Nellie Gustin told me that Clara Peterson and Odella Rollefson were teaching in Chicago, one supervisor of history, and the other supervisor of geography. Leila Nelson was talking with me about our old classmates and spoke of Lela Johnson who was the director of a young womens’ seminary in Boston. I later learned that two of the instructors in the school were former S. P. N. students, one, Mary McClellan, teaching French and Latin, and the other, Julia Little, who was distinguishing herself as physica’- culture teacher. I took a short run in my ship to Coney Island where I spent a couple of days. The beau de gallant of the season appeared to be a young man with lots of money and little to do. lie was very popular with the young ladies and was riding, fishing, swimming, or playing tennis with some of them most of the time. I was rather interested in finding out who this decided "catch” was, and upon inquiring, found him to be George Messer, who. when at Normal, we all expected would specialize in music. The belle of the season was a dashing young brunette who was creating havoc with the hearts of the young men. Upon asking her name I was informed that it was Merle Cartmill. I was much interested while there in the young woman who taught swimming. She was without a doubt, master of her profession, atid crowds gathered daily to watch her daring feats. Her name whs Kvrren Kittleson, and I remembered her as a young woman of great energy while at school. One afternoon while bathing, one young woman became more daring than the rest and ventured out into water too deep for her. She was rescued by a young man standing near, and was at once taken to a hospital. Upon inquiry, I found the woman’s name to be Jane Neale, and that of her brave rescuer Fred Ambrose. He was, as I discovered later, working upon a remarkable invention concerning air pr» s-sure. When I heard Jane’s name, I made all haste to reach the hospital, where I was received graciously by the matron, whom I instantly recognized as jolly Kathryn Gwin. She told me that four of her nurses were Stevens Point girls. They came in later and were found to be Jennie Leary, Caroline Scliumaker, Lillian Wanbon, and Blanche Judd. They were, indeed, lending cheer and happiness in that refuge for sickness and sorrow. From Coney Island I went to Tallahassee, Florida, where I found Herbert Klingbeil, city superintendent, and two of his teachers, Florence Campion, kindergarten supervisor, and Mattie Allen, specialist in elocution. Clara Tufta ani Muriel Shannon also lived in this city, and were prominent as temperance reformers. Fred Gustin, I learned, had become a physics specialist in Atlanta. When I reached that city and called at his home, imagine my surprise at finding that his wife was Myrtle Bentson. Their home was a very beautiful one, which. Myrtle told me, was designed by Alice Cook, who was making a life vocation of interior decoration of homes. Myrtle also told me that Judith Bennett and Kmma Bronson were living in China, where they went as missionaries after leaving school, and that Elva Gates was creating a sensation with a beautiful Chinese art collection which was being exhibited in Atlanta. Another thing which interested me was the home for worn out teachers, called Normal Pine Rest, which had l een started by three Stevens Point girls, namely: Ruth Bovington, Frances Donaven. and Clara Berens, which home we visited that very afternoon. Thus did I see every member of our class of 1909, and altho I had at first rather wildly planned on taking them all in my car to Stevens Point for just one day, I saw now that this would be impossible. I therefore returned home to my quiet Vermont town after having spent two very exciting weeks in traveling. A Classmate.The Iris •09 59 JUNIOR HISTORY. Whan c »men vc last «lave to horn, 1 gan to feelan deep painges of regrete. Hitherto onele ye jolly nesse of being a Juni- re t S. I . N. h..dde y filled mv herte. I knewe that sone I mot leaven tiles sc.-nes so dere to myselvee. For ye laste tyme I fedde the canarves, my rare in speciale. Trewe Fido rubbyde hir heade in create sorrowe agavn n»v haiide. He wofullv given me comfort. After quite brekvnge ye fast, adewes weren seyde, ami I taken my leve. Onward me spedde to Sc le. On traine. yonge inon in ye sete abed was whistlvng “Ye Girl 1 Lefte Rehvnde Me.” As I looked at hiswalet, I sawe ye name Mark Hillings. Fields and woldes spede bye. At ye nexte statione tnickel jolly nesse is in ye aire. as Rimer Geraldson. thru with an Swtdish tale, borded ye traine. Mickel jerk, ye traine didstopeagan. Amongst shoutes of “Good-bve. Vivien.” a yonge lady entered ye car. and seted herselve besvde Maister Geraldson. Thru ye rumblynge I herd her save. “Wolde that I hadde to tak no studys besvde Latyn ami baskvtball !’ Mine attention now was turnede to ve conipanve. Across ye aysle a yonge lady as her lisle, sketching what seemed liken im.lines heed. In this persoyn we kenned oure talented klassc artvste. Emma Dysland. Whan Lucile Davenport cam from ye othvr car. ei.ire yfilled was with sounds of “Horn. Swete Horn.” Now sauntvred into ye car a yonge man beren twoliooks. Manig of us haven lieran to tell of “Seeley's Question Book” and “Speeches by Oure Create Mem e." faverit bookes of Maister Weinberger. Full loude and lievcnisshh as an aungel, Jessie Flaherty was singvne. “Com. Little Hirdic. Unto Me." Aboute ye literarie merits of Goethe ami Schiller. Ina Crocket. Marie Bentson and Minnie Faber were talkynge. Kagerlie was I listmng whan ye conductor seyde “Stevens Point!” Rushyng for our walets end bookes. we lefte ye traine. Ix okcn around I saw Margaret Dornrv. Amy Blove. Ruth Ames, and Julia Dumas servyng lunches and telan yestudentes of goode positiones fore those in store been who the Domestic Science Ct urse taken. I made my wave thru ye thronge and saw no more of my felawe studentes until ye nexte (lave. Ye firste daye to scole! Never 1 alien I forgete it! Ivvervthing seemed straunge. I saughte ye assemble roome. Here we ne founden no cherrv-topes for us. Ye erve of alarme, “Ye Seniores l»nnere is up!” is given, as we cling to oure chosen seies. Ever readie Conovor McDill and Carlyle Whitney hastened oute and returned with ye l»nner sone. Surprised were ye Seniores whan schen pieces of tlieyr banner on waistes nnd cojites of Juniores.60 The Iris '09 Nexte daye ye klasse officers and colores wercn chosyn. Sin he was elected presidente, Herbeit Steiner thankyd ye klaase for ye honorcs hym givn. William Dineen vice presidente was cliosn. Fred. Somers, bycause of hir businesse abilitie, treasurer was clept. Marie Thorne, in penmanship an adepte, secretary was mayde, and Maistcr Weinberger, sergeant of-armes. Our officeres electede, oure atteutione we turned to ye tasque of choosing klasse colores. Greene and white we chosen, everie voutheful fancie to satisfye. Sone we sawe that with oure ever largere funde of witte, greenc inappropriate would l e; and so golde and white we token. Ye klasse receptione oure firstc sociale evente was. Her we mickel jolitee did have each othcres to kennen lerne. Mickel tyme latere Maud MacLennon, and Maisters Dineen, Somers, Mach, Steiner, Carlson, Dawes, and Weinberger, oure Juniore spekers firste to ye public weren introduced. A demonstratione also yiven was of ye effecte our yellcn did maken. Of ye lionores, Maisters Somers, Weinberger, and Steiner a larg parte did taken. Thes winners in delate, me thinketh Osekosh will bete. One noone, as we oure setes did raughe, invitationes we founden, which to Hades us did asken. In spyte of oure fere, we acceptn, and sone in a bodie to Hades did gon, there with each othern, feelings to share. Firste thru a window to entere we weren made like unto ye animals in ye arke, and then to slyde down a planke into the cyndotn of witches and ghostes. Mickel woeful cries and groans our feres did hyten. Frotne here to ye uppere landes we di l gon. As they for theyre turne did waite, Ella Pratt, Nellie Ro .elle, Armilda Rifleman, Milo Wood and Alois Klein mickel jollynesse did felan. slidyng down the planke. My turn to ascend cam at laste. In companie of witche and ghoste I gon. Such a woeful crie yfilled ye aire as Maister Mach and Beatrice Bachman crosst ye rivere Styx that True Hyland fainted a wave. So truely Lula Johnson her sinnes confessed that St. Peter her to stave with him in Paradise did telle. Ye rest of us to ye lande of ye furies were seynt. Here hir Satanic Majestie mickel us did ask of oure sinnes and favlings. Then to ye gymnasiume black eyed demons did hurlc us, to listyn to ye seynt of ye gypsies, who manye wonders tales did tel. Lila Thompson, Lettie Nelson, May Fuller, and Florence Ziegler wolde become famed actors, Eva LaDuke, a missicnarie to Siberia was to be, while Jessie Niven as one to Kamchatka wolde go. Helena Martinson thru ye state sholde travel urgying yonge men to ye Universirie to gon. Faye Kingsbury, Stella Murat, and Josie Bliefernicht a famouse horn for children sholde hav. In Ester Ramsey, Hazel Waltersdorf, and Nora Moe we se onde Florence Nightingales beholden. Maister Dineen with hir migliiie oratorie mennes heartes wolde swaye. Ester Thompson, Kate McFadden, May Greening, and Mae Kappler in historic researche worke theyr tyme sholde spende. Amonge ye names of musicians famed, those of Maybelle Rogers, Bessie Rowe, EmmaProtz, and William Miltimore are founde. As singers May and Myrtle Roberts, Jessie Swan and Inez Thompson will one daye reache fain. Josephine Collins, Anna Shafer, and Gladys Hafsoos, a blessvnge eternal upon manainde conferen bye e members unknowne of ye Polymethvlene seriese of Hydro-carbons discoveryng. Celia Morrison, Minnie Rudolph, Leocadie Archambeault, and Florence Meade of Pratt Institute graduates aren as physicale dircctores renowned to be. CliveNedry and Peter Mnjerus havyng ranched ye hvte of theyr ambitiones are to spanne ye Panama Canale bye one daryng fete of civile engineeryng. Carrie and Ida Tovrog, Pauline Bohman and Florence Weier sone theyr positiones as teachers wolde leven, for ye lyfe of western ranches. Beatrice Brown, Hazel Brooks and Katherine McKeoun in theyr research work will discovere at ye southe pol a race of giantes livyng. Maude Scott in solitude ye stu-diouse cloisters pale will treade becaws of ye faithlessness of "ye man." Som daye ye worlde its grati-tuee will owe to Florence Parmenter and Isabelle Cheasick for a newe philology of reformed spellinge. Hilda Hotz, Mabel Hanson, and Katherine Lusk positiones in scoles of one will taken. Charlotte Fox one of ye worldes artists, her tyme in ye Temple of Edfu will spende, serchn designes for "EgyptianArte," her newe booke. In ye dayes to com, will Inez Whitney speake to ye greate companyes on women's rightes. Ye gypsies, thru with they tales, we to oure horns gon, mickel wonder of ye future in oure hertes. This tale I now did tell to ye of all our wonder klasse. Ye ycer is nearlie ended. With mickel jolitee oure wosdome teethe we felan, ye harbingers of Seniorism.The l is ’OQ 6 Fred Somers, Treas. and Debater John Weinberger, Debater and Serg. at Arms Herbert Steiner, Pres, and Debater Marie Thorne. Sec. William Dineen, Vice Pres.62 The Iris '09 Junior Girls’ Basket-Ball Squad, including Normal Champions. l.ila Thompson May Greening Florence Zeiglcr Maude Scott Hazel Waltcrsdorf Helena Martiuscn Vivien I(aincr Kate McFtddeu Isabelle Cheasick Margaret Doniey junior Colors: 6olb anb ?UUljite Juniors! Juniors! Ki yi, Ki yi, Hump ti minigo! Hank di sanigo! Boom dc la. Wow! Hallo, Ballo, Ballo, Balack, U-raw ! U-raw ! ackiticack. Razzle, dazzle, hippi-to-hoo, Juniors! Juniors! Roo, Raw. Roo! U-raw. raw for S. I'. N.! U-raw, raw for 1910! Hoop-de-la for all our class! All the rest can go to grass!Vhelris ’09 63 JUNIOR CLASS ROLL-CALL. Names. Favorite Expression. Favorite Passtime. Bachniann, Beatrice How shocking. Chewing gum. Bloye, Amy That’s the limit. Singing “Absent”. Bohinan, Pauline Oh. thunder. Shouting in class. Carlson, Paul Poor thing. Philosophizing. Caulev, Bernice l:or Pete’s sake. Doing nothing. Cheasick, Isabelle Well, I guess. Growing. Collins, Josephine By the great horn spoon. Skipping chorus. Davenport, Lucile My! but that did Rial me. Strolling. Dumas, Julia Who says so ? Reading novels. Dysland, Emma I am so busy. Breaking dishes. Greening, May Oh, terrible of all terribles. Observing. Hafsoos, Glad vs By all means. Giving advice. Martinsen, Helena Really! Looking for trade-lasts. Meade, Florence Oh, mercy! Drinking from the fount of knowledge. Miltimore, William Bv Jove! Mesmerizing. Morrison, Celia Oh. Gee! Being home-sick. Murat, Stella What’s the diff ? Looking sweet. Nelson, Lettie I don’t care. Calling. Niven, Jessie I see it now. Primping. Pratt, Ella How odd. Looking for a letter. Ramsey, Esther I’ll get even with you. Getting her German. Rogers, Mabelle Oh horrors! Star gazing. Rozclle, Nellie You don’t mean it. Sending wireless messages. Shafer, Anna By George. Sleeping the hours away. Whitney, Inez It is utterly impossible. Grasping. Weier, Florence I disagree with you. Giving spreads. Waltersdorf, Hazel It is great to be batty. Avoiding work. Thompson, Lila I told you so. To Josh Billings. Baldwin, Walter By George! Keeping Spin warm. Billings, Mark I like uncle John. Keeping in style. Clifford. Genevieve Huh ? Hustling. Dawes, Amos I don’t like him. Throwing mud. Dineen, William Irrevocably beyond comprehension. Studying the dictionary. Dorney, Margaret Bv Gum ! Ivlucidating Fred’s generosity. F'aber, Minnie Well, I know. Improving Chaucer. Fox, Charlotte I’d tell you what I’d do. Bluffing in a definite systematic manner. Geraldson, Elmer I must help Viv. now. Rcplving to Hain(er). Hainer. Vivien Got something to tell you. Skipping classes. Hyland, True Sav, you. Burning Standard Oil. Teaching him chivalry. Johnson, Lula Why, Max ! Kapplcr, Mae Oh, dear! Smiling. Turning the grinding stone. Klein, Alois He, He, He LaDuke, Eva Oh, I should say. Fudge making. McDill, Conover I won’t study. Fighting. McFadden, Kate I don’t care, but it’s nice. Playing pinocle. Mach, Edward By the mighty pumpkins. Eating big books. Majerus, Peter Gosh-for-Dum. Debating undebatables. Nedry, Clive Say, there, August. Pouting. Roberts, May Well— Singing.64 7 be Iris 09 Rudolph, Minnie Oh, Heavens! Filling engagements. Somers, Fred My Counter Reading in the library. Steiner, Herbert Oh, Rats ! Disguising as an American. Thorne, Marie Dog gone it. Holding her Cash(in) Weinberger, John Yours truly. Discovering technicalities. Whitney, Carlyle Testing cigars. Wood. Milo I can’t see that. Dreaming in class. Ames, Ruth I “means” it. Going to Austin, Tex. Archambault, Leocadie I won’t do that. Talking to the lx vs without being heard. Bentson, Marie Konunen Sie. Translating German. Bliefernicht, Josephine I am so discouraged. Overworking. Brooks, Hazel How’s that! To look pleasant. Brown, Beatrice Oh ! dear! Swinging on the gate. Crockett, Ina Well ! Eating peanuts. Flaherty, Jessie Of all things! Shopping. Fuller, Mary E. Have it your own way. Having her own way. Hanson, Mabel I’d never do that . Writing poetry. Hotz, Hilda Why! Reciting with a rising inflection. Lusk, Kathryn What do you know about that? Dancing the barn dance. McKeown, Kathleen For goodness’ sake. Attending to work. McLennan, Maude And do you know— Writing letters. Moe, Nora 0 fudge! Getting wisdom and understanding. Parmeter, Florence I began laughing. Giggling in general exercises. Protz, Emma Ain’t that a nice boy. Reciting. Rifleman, Armilda Is that so? Providing food for tliot. Rowe, Bessie Gee, I don’t know. Smiling. Scott, Maude I ain’t care for any. Making pennants. Stephenson, Margaret Yes, honey Bun. Teaching the young idea how to shoot. Swan. Jessie No flies on me. Imparting information in Bacon’s classes. Thompson, Esther Mighty. Easy-chair athletics. Tovrog, Carrie Land-a-livin. Blushing. Thompson, Inez Honest and die, kids. Helping others. Tovrog, Ida 0! sugar. Painting. Ziegler, Florence Isn’t that jolly ! Keeping things moving. Kingsbury, Faye Don’t you dare! Traveling. Halverson, Henry Oh! Oysters. Looking up to Miltimorc. Roberts, Myrtle Glory! Wearing class pins The Iris ’09 67 GUY A. ROBERTS English Scientific Sec. of Athenaeum Capt. Baseball Team, ’07 Mgr. Basketball Team, ’08 Capt. Football Team, 07 Capt. Basketball Team, ‘08-'09 ERMA NASON H. S. Latin Ohi esa, Y. W. C. A. Vice Pres. Ohivesa. ’($ Tieas. Y. W. C. A., ’08- 09 Iris Staff, 09 MAY COLBURN English Scientific Ohivesa. Y. W. C. A., Treble Clef Pres. Y. W. C. A.. M8-’a9 Vice Pres. Treble Clef. ’(8 09 Sec. Senior Class. ’08- 09 Pointer Staff. 08- 09 Iris Staff. 09 EDWARD A. FROMM English Scientific Glee Club. Forum Forum Deleter. 08 F »rum Debater. 09 Forum Pres., 09 Treas. Senior Class. U9 Senior Class Pla . ’t Bus. Mgr. Pointer. '(8- 09 Vice Pres. Press Assn., ’08- 09 R. E. Champion Footl all team. ’08 EDWARD RBYER English Scientific Forum, Olee Club. Orchestra. Forum Delwter. ’08 Treas. Glee Club. ' 8 Pres. Orchestra. '08- 09 Pres. Press Asmi.. 8- 09 R. T. Champi n Football Team, ’08 Iris Staff. ’ -9 LOUISE KERCHER English Scientific Ohivesa Treas. Ohivesa. 08 THERESA GLEASON English Scientific Ohivesa FRANCES OESTERLE Domestic Science Ohivesa, Treble ClefThe his '09 69 JOSEPHIN E BA N N AC 11 English Scientific Arena, Y. V. C. A. VIOLA WOOD Domestic Science Arena, Treble Clef l’res. Arena, 08 Pres. Treble Clef. 08- 09 Pointer Staff. 08-’l 9 Iiis Staff, 09 Senior Class Play, 09 D. P. HUGHES English Scientific Athenaeum Pres. Athenaeum, ’08 Pres. Junior Class. 0S Mgr. Track Team Mgr. Football Team. ’08 Treas. Athletic Assn. ' 9 Editor Pointer, ’08- 09 ZELMA CAESAR Domestic Science Arena. Treble Clef. Tennis Assn. Pointer Staff. 08- 09 ELLA LANGENBERG English Scientific Pres. Ohivesa, ' 8 Pointer Staff, 08- 09 Iris Staff. '09 Senior Class Play. ’09 B. V. CHRISTENSEN English Scientific Athenaeum Pres. Athenaeum, ’09 Athenaeum Debater, ’09 Mgr. Baseball Team. 09 Pointer Staff, 08- 09 Business Mgr. Iris, 09 ALBERT S WELLS English Scientific Athenaeum Pres. Athenaeum 09 School Orator. 09 Pointer Staff. 08- 09 Editor Iris Staff, '09 Normal Male Quartet Winner of Declamatory Contest, '08 CLARA M. FARRELL English Scientific Arena, Treble Clef Pres. Arena, ’09 Sec. Athletic Assn., 08- 09 7 nRl»sh Arena N bi-Ur Gafpxrv D«m German Arena HOPrr ! re® Arena. 09 Ir» Staff. 09 piorrncr English Scientific Oliivesa army ANNA O. JOHNSTON English Scientific Arena HENRY M. HALVERSON English Scientific Forum. Glee Club Pres. Glee Club. 03- 04 Pres, and Director Glee Club. '06-’09 Asst. Basketball Mgr., 03-’04 Mgr. Basketball Team. 06- 09 Director Normal Male Quartet. ’OS-’fW Pres. Oratorical Assn., ’09 Pointer Staff. 08-’09 ETHEL BREAKEY English Scientific Arena Iris Staff. ’«-9 GAIL JAKBWAY English S lentific Oliivesa MAX WALTHERS H. S. German and English Scientific Athenaeum, GUe Club Athenaeum Debater, ’08 l»res. Athenaeum, '09 Vice Pres. Senior Class. 09 Pointer Staff. ’09 Iris Staff. 09 Treaa. Oratorical Assn., 08- 09 The his '09 73 HELEN F. SINGLETON English Scientific Arena, Orchestra, Senior B. B. Team Pointer Staff. ’06--09. Treas. Arena, 08--09. ANNA HO VERSON German Arena HAZEL SALTER English Scientific Ohiyesa BESSIE QUIEN English Scientific Arena NELLIE READING II. S. Latin Arena. Treble Clef ELLEN WHEELOCK English Scientific Ohiyesa Junior Debater, ’08 Pres. Ohiyesa, '09 See. Press Assn., ’08—’09 Pointer Staff. 08-’09 Iris Staff. ’09 MAMIE AMES Domestic Science Arena ELIZABETH SCHOEPP English Scientific Iris Staff. ’09 Senior Class Play, ’09 ■n The Iris 09 75 ENA L. C. SUM NICHT Domestic Science-Arena Pres. Arena. 08— 09 Pointer Staff, 08—'09 Iris Staff, '09 Senior Class Play. 09 LILLIAN COUTURE English Scientific ANNA SMITH English Scientific Arena Pointer Staff. 'OS—‘09 Iris Staff, 09 MYRA UDELL English Scientific Arena Iris Staff HAZEL L. SHELDON Pour Year Latin Ohiycsa. Treble Clef Pres. Ohiyesa. '07-'OS Pres. Ohiyesa, '08— 09 Capt. Junior B. B. Team. 07—’08 Capt. Senior II. H. Team. ’08—’09 Pres. Senior Class, tS--’09 Senior Class Play, 09 Pointer Staff. '« S--'(.9 Iris Staff, 09 ISABEL HORNE Domestic Science Ohiyesa PEARL REINHART Domestic Science ()hivesa Orchestra, 09 KVA BERNIER English Scientific Arena Iris Staff. '( 9 Treble ClefThe I,is 09 77 SARAH BRICKSON Domestic Science Arena PHEBB DUNN English Scientific Oliiyesa Poirter Staff. 08- '09 GEORGIA BARROWS Domestic Science MARION MYERS English Scientific Treble Clef Pointer Staff. ’07 '08. 0S '09 IDA WILLIAMS English Scientific Ohiyesa LAURENCE HILL English Scientific Forum. Glee Club. Normal Male Quartet Senior Class Play, ’09 Iris Staff. ’09 Pres. Athletic Assn. 07—'OS Normal B. B. Team. '06.- 07- 08 Normal F. B. Team, 06--’07--'08 Capt and Q. B. Champion. F. B. Team. ’ 8 LOUISE MATH IE Four year German Ohiyesa. Treble Clef, V. W. C. A. FRANCES HELEN JANE BAKER Four year Latin Arena. Treble Clef. Tennis Assn. Basket hall. ’(M.-'OS.-'Ofi.-W.-W Capt. Elementary team. '07 Pointer Staff. '07,-'08,-’09 Iris Staff. 09MARY MARSON The Iris ’09 79 German Arena OLGA EMERSON Domestic Science Arena FERN MILLER English Scientific Arena H. J. NINMAN II. S. German ami English Pres. Forum. ‘OS Forum Debater. 09 Editor Pointer. 07—'( 8 Sec. Oratorical Assn., ’06--’07 PEARL DREW English Scientific Arena. Y. W. C. A. A (N E S BO YIN GTON English Scientific Arena. Y. W. C. A. FLORENCE STIELER English Scientific FLORENCE GHOCA English Scientific Arena The Iris ’09 8 WINIFRED NELSON Four year Latin Ohivesa Vice Pres. Oratorical Assn.. ’09 Iris Staff. ’08 RUTH KOLLOCK English Scientific Ohivesa Normal Orchestra MARY LYONS English Scientific Ohivesa CHRISTINE GILBERTSON English Scientific Arena Vice Fres. Arena. '09 li is Staff, ’09 NELLIE LYNCH English Scientific Arena I he Iris 09 83 CLASS PROPHECY. T WAS a cloudy day in early soring—just when the arbutus was beginning to blossom. I decided to go in search of that dainty flower since I expected few others to venture out on such a day. I found myself alone in the woods and was soon poking around stumps and leaves. In serrping around, my stick struck something hard and a small object bounded to my feet. I picked it up and found it to be a band of m?tal. heavy enough to be lead. I rubbed it a little and it began to shine: then I dropped it into the pocket of my dress and went on with my flower picking, iuuuuliately forgetting all about the article I had found. “Nothing in the paper to-night.“ I said that evening after 1 had looked it over. “Oil, what's ihis.' Lost--Somewhere in the vicinity of StevensPoint. a small rin : repr se i.ing a serpent having emerald eyes and a r iby tongue. The owner values it highly and offers a liberal rewatd to the one finding it.’” My hand was in my pocket and as I read this, with a strange feeling, my fingers closed around the metal I had put there in the afternoon. I drew it forth, removed the dirt, and rubbed it well. I was just a little startled to find that it corresponded to the description of the one lost. I slipped it on my finger and drew up to the light to examine it more closely. As I did so the air became stifling and I closed my eyes. When I opened them again I was in darkness. Beside me stood a terrible apparition. I could make out no distirct outline; but a bony, cold, clammy hard grasped mine. I stoed film, but the band pulled at mine, and rather than feel that awful touch, I followed. Soon I was in a large room in a hospital. The nurses moved silently from bed to bed. ministering to the sick. The door neai me opened ar.d a tall, very sweet and pious nun entered. Somehow I was not surprised to recognize in this quiet person. Clara Farrell. Involuntarily I was led away and soon was in a church which looked much like our Presbyterian church. It was beautifully decorated and filled with people. The strains of Mendelssohn’s Wedding March had just died away as I entered. There was a bridal party at the altar. The so er.iu voice of the minister I knew belonged to n ne other than Herman J. Ninman. I could not see the faces of the bride and groom, but the most notable tiling was that both hail red hair. I remained here but a short time, and then I found myself among the crowd on the circus grounds. I entered the main tent first. I had l een seated but a few minutes, when the band began to play a lively tune, and a white horse came dancing in. Its graceful rider was my ol.l friend. May Colburn, who charmed and sometimes even frightened the audience with her daring feats. The next exhibition was that of the wonderful snake charmer. FlorenceGhoca. Then the clown entertained the crowd, and in the actions and witty savings I couul not help but recognize Sarah Brickson. The ponderous elephant next came forth, being led by a slim girl who danced daintily along in front of the beast. As she turned toward us with a smile, she showed two rows of pearly white teeth. It was tlien that I recognized Viola Wood. From the main tent I went into a side-show. Here I saw a woman of enormous size, weighing at least 500 pounds. I stared at her. The face was familiar. Yes, it was Zelma Caesar. Now everything became black before my eyes; a newspaper was held in front of me. and the horrible thing with me pointed out the following: June 50, 1929. Tin-Iris is edited by B. V. Christensen.84 The Iris ’09 Wanted—A husband. He must be at least 25 years of age and have S500 in the bank. None but men fond of athletics need answer. Frances Baker. So Frances evidently still enjoys outdoor sports. The bony finger pointed further down the page, and I read : Wanted—All your old iron and furniture. Ed. Fromm, Junk Dealer. Wanted—Situation as governess in a select French family. Theresa Gleason. The page was turned, and in the church notes I read : “Two former Stevens Point people have answered the highest calling, for next week Pearl Drew sails for Africa to begin her work as missionary, and Ella Langenberg sails at the same time an I in the same cause, to Porto Rico.” The newspaper vanished suddenly, and I found myself in a vaudeville. The piano was being thumped loudly; the pianist was Hazel Wilson. The star singer made her appearance. It was no other than Florence Almy, who was warbling like a bird. The reader next appeared. She, I knew, was Edna Campbell. Then I found myself entering a school room. Seated at the desk, and grown gray and wrinkled from worry and hard work. 1 recognized Eva Bernier. I was surprised that with all her artful ways, she had not captured one of her numerous admirers, way back in the time of her Normal career. Immediately I found myself on the street. I passed a little baker shop. Over the door hung this sign: “ Home Bakery. Georgia L. Barrows, Spinster.” So Georgia had started her famous career in dear old S. P. N. Soon I came upon a part of the Salvation Army gathered on the street corner. Before I was near enough to see the faces, I recognized by his eloquent voice, the leader, Albert Wells. Suddenly the scene changed. I stood watching a trained dog show under the management of Guy RolK-rts. Then the capitol at Washington appeared before me. The street was thronged with people, for the new president was delivering his inaugural address. That tall figure was none other than my old classmate, Dan Hughes. A little behind him on the platform was his neat little wife, Grace Griffin. I next found myself in a fashionable restaurant. The theater crowds were beginning to surge in, and one laughing group attracted my attention. In it I recognized Isabel Horn. Pearl Reinhart, Ed. Reyer, and Max Walther. This scene faded, and again I was reading from a newspaper. In large print I saw : ‘‘Samuel Wadleigh, noted modern psychologist, has been secured after much effort as an instructor in Harvard. Mr. Wadleigh is especially noted for his punctuality, having never been known to be late at any time.” And further down the page I read of the coming brilliant wedding of Elizabeth Schoepp to Baron Timboro of England. I also noted that the former Miss Bessie Quien was celebrating her crystal wedding with one of the professors at Lawrence University. So Bessie really had married the man who visited her so frequently at Normal. Then I read that the fatuous palmist, Louise Kircher, was in town, ready to reveal the future to all who came toiler with ten cents. The newspaper vanished quickly, and I saw Nell Singleton working busily in a kitchen. Nellie always had said that she abhorred cooking, but since it was Sam she was working for she found great pleasure in her work. After this I was standing in a large art studio. The many students were busy at their work. Their instructor came forward to meet me. It was Anna Smith. Next I found myself seated in a grandstand in front of the main track. The weather was hot and sultry, the crowd was enormous. The band began to play a lively tune, just as three women on horses entered the track. These were the famous relay riders, and they were greeted with thundering applause. Two of them seemed familiar, and looking stillThe Iris '09 85 closer I recognized Wiunifred Nelson and Marion Myers. Shortly after, I left the track and wandered around the Fair grounds. I passed a tent where I heard some one say, "Buy your tickets here; the performance begins in five minutes.” I looked up and saw Mamie Ames. I went into this tent, and on the rude stage I saw Ida Williams entertaining the crowd with jest and song. I soon left this place, and then found myself in a large school-room. It was filled with people who wore a professional air, by which I judged them to be school teachers. A program was put into my hand and I read the following: 1. Opening address of welcome........Theresa Leinenkugel, State Superintendent. 2. Results of teaching domestic science in public schools. Ena Sumnicht, D. S. instructor. Milwaukee Downer. 3. The teaching of elocution .. _____________________________ Josephine Bannach. 4. Why geography has been my most interesting study. Erma Nason, instructor in geography, Stevens Point Normal School. 5. How to overcome the frivolities of youth. Christine Gilbertson, preceptress at Vassar. 6. Education in the slums................Nellie Gaffney, slum inspector, Chicago. From here I was walking down a street in New York. Involuntarily I stopped before an extremely fashionable ladies’ clothing store. The elegantly dressed model in the window was none other than Petula I)uMez. I was forced to go farther down the street where I entered a large music store. As I passed thru the door I heard a phonograph, the tone of which sounded very familiar, altho I could not recall the voice. But as I glanced at the various signs around the room it came to me instantly, for this was what I read : “Famous Wheelock records. The best ever made. Records the human voice accurately. The inventor’s voice on hundreds of records. Hear her mirthful laugh and be happy.” Then I was wandering on the street again. There were many push-carts beside the curb. One little woman attracted me. “Buy bananie; buy bananie,” she called. I looked at her closely. Was it possible? Yes, those keen black eyes surely belonged to Hazel Sheldon. I was powerless to stop, and so walked on. and next entered a large hall. Despite the fact that the air was hot and stifling there was a large crowd of eager, excited women. The speaker, Olga Emerson, was delivering a stirring lecture on Woman Suffrage. Behind her on the platform were her followers; Laura Coon, Phebe Dunn, and Ethel Breakey. Once more I was wandering in the street. Suddenly above the din of street cars, truck wagons, and other noises. I heard a great crash as of breaking glass. Looking in the direction from which the sound seemed to come, I saw Hazel Salter with a huge hatchet busily smashing the windows of a saloon. Here then was a second Carrie Nation. From here I wandered to the most fashionable district in New York. Fashionably dressed women in elegant carriages passed me on the avenue. The weird thing at my side pointed to one of them. There, holding a large teddy bear on her lap, sat Agnes Boyington. Just then a quiet looking couple passed The man's dress showed him to be a minister, and the woman, evidently his wife, was Myra Udell. For the third time the apparition held a newspaper before me and I traced these lines: “Wonderful discoveries recently made by Della Hofer, noted geologist. Temperance meetings held three times a week at Central Hall. Leaders : Anna Hoverson, Gail Jakeway, and Anna Johnson. Lecture Thursday night by Etta Christensen, Dean of Woman’s College, University of Wisconsin.86 The »« 09 Takk Notick! Menagerie Shop. Will sell or buy any kind of an animal from a mouse to an elephant. Prep., Mary Marson. I'he words gradually became blurred to me, and all at once I was looking around my own familiar room. The ring had slipped from my finger, and with it, evidently, the charm. I '. K. S. Ha .el Sheldon. Josephine Bannach. Theresa Gleason. Clara Farrell. Ellen Whet-lock. Frances Baker. Helen Singleton. »The Iris 09 87 The present Senior Class has been doubly fortunate with its play. “The Butterflies" is one of the strongest plays ever presented here by Normal studen’s. It was first produced in the Palmer Theater, New York, by John Drew and Maude Adams, and is a royalty play. It is in three acts, two of which are situated in Florida and one in Massachusetts. The cast comprises ten students of marked ability, and all of whom have had previous experience in plays. The following is the cast of characters in the order of appearance: Iliram Green, retired merchant............. Barrington, his wayward son . . ....... Coddie. an Knglish maid to the Greens... Suzanne. Green’s butterfly daughtei........ Nathaniel Bilser. a German tador .......... Mrs. Stuart Dodge, a penniless aristocrat Mrs. Ossian, another penniless aristocrat. Miriam Dodge, another butterfly ........... Frederick Ossian. a spendthrift............ Andrew Strong. ............................ .. Elmer Geraldson __Herbert Steiner ___Hazel Sheldon ......Viola Wood ... Edward Fromm Elizabeth Sclioepp ... Ena Sumnicht ..Ella Langenberg ___Laurence Hill ......Milo Wood A souvenir program was issued and the play presented in the Opera House, June 7.Senior Poem. The best of everything ir, ours; The warmest sun, the brightest sky. Our colors ever highest fly. We have the loveliest flowers; And then, we’re Seniors. The best of everything is ours; Rhetoricals; the cherry-tops, That always catch the Juniors’ eye, And make them pause as they pass by To reckon up the long, long hours Till they’ll be Seniors. The best of everything is ours; We scared the Juniors Halloween. And even teachers have been seen To kneel before our awful powers And “pass” the Seniors. The best of everything is ours; Friends, that make this life worth while; Courage, that gives us strength to smile When we find thorns go with our flowers; For we are Seniors.The Iris ’09 89 ALUMNI. The writer lias been asked to write the obituary of the Alumni Spirit of the Stevens Point Normal school. It is not a pleasant task to record the demise of anyone or anything, but it seems doubly hard to announce thru this department of the Iris the sad fact that the Alumni Spirit of our Alma Mater has ceased to breathe. Here are the statistics, however, which prove the truth of the above statement. One hundred and seventy-five letters were sent out by the editorial staff of the Thb Ikis to various alumni during January. 1909. These letters asked for some contribution to the Alumni Department of Thk Iris, and also for subscriptions to this publication. In response to this appeal for contributions, two alumni answered the call. Pour alumni to date have signified their intention to secure a copy of Thb Iris. Later, Thk Iris Board made a last effort to resuscitate the corpse of the Alumni Spirit by sending out seventy-five post cards. I:or a time thereafter it looked to the editors as if there might In a clnnce to save the life of said Spirit, as it feebly responded to the heroic treatment, and a few subscriptions came in, but this optimism of Thk Iris staff was short-lived, for the Spirit, after the temporary change for the better, experienced a sudden relapse, ami returning to its former comatose condition, peacefully gave up the ghost. It is now lying in state, awaiting the undertaker and the minister who will consign it to its last resting place where it shall remain until Gabriel blows his horn. This dark picture has a brighter side, and it is this which we wish to note briefly. There are wrapped up in this apparent corpse forces, which, if set in motion, would bring back the heart-beat and the pulse-throb to the now lifeless form. There is, however, only one way by which life can again take possession of said corpse, and that is this: If each and every alumnus of the Stevens Point Normal will firmly resolve, and then proceed to carry out his resolve, to breathe upon this dead Spirit the breath of life; then, and then only, will it lay aside its sepulchral wardrobe, and stand forth and take its proper place among the living. It is upon the more recent graduates that this task will naturally fall. Every educational institution needs, and its success in a large measure depends upon, its having a strong, active and enthusiastic Alumni Association. We assent without fear of successful contradiction, that Stevens Point Normal has no such organization worthy the name, or the above mentioned deplorable condition of affairs could not exist. Every alumnus should be a liooster of his Alma Mater; a heraldcr of the advantages to be derived from pursuing a course of training in said school. But the loyalty should consist of more than mere words of praise. Every alumnus should endeavor to attend, so far as possible, the annual business meetings and banquets, renew old acquaintances and friendships and form new ones, and keep closely in touch with the progress made by the institution along its various lines of activity. I et every alumnus begin from this day to take increased interest in the affairs of his Alma Mater by following her advancement and responding to her calls of duty, and the dead Spirit, at present awaiting the man with the pickaxe and the spade, will arise and live and move on to great achievements and large results. S. P. N. requests and expects all of her sons and daughters, wherever they may be, to do their duty. Whether or not she will lie filled with grief and disappointment, or with joy and hope, rests upon the individual alumni. Lethargy and indifference inevitably lead to stagnation and death. Enthusiasm and loyalty just as inevitably lead to activity and life. Which shall it be? l-RANK CALKINS Alumni Editor90 The Iris '09 SOCIAL FUNCTIONS. Reception by the Faculty.—The reception given by the faculty at the beginning of the year was well attended. Kvery one enjoyed the evening making new acquaintances ami renewing old ones. Reception to the Juniors by the Seniors.—On Halloween, the juniors and members of the faculty were escorted by ghosts and witches through many perils to Hades, and finally were taken to the gymnasium where games were played and refreshments served. Many things were learned about the juniors and faculty that night, through the confessii ns made to the ghost of the Past. Any senior who has been in Mr. Sechrist's class this year need have no fear of a low standing, as he promised to pass all seniors. Y. W. C. A. Party.—On Dec. 4. the Y. W. C. A. gave a very successful Salainagundi party to the whole school. Each pers- n was supposed to wear his clothes backwards, to walk tack wards, in general to do things contrary to the usual way. The program, in which the farewell speech came first and the welcome speech last, was the principal feature of the evening Refreshments, consisting of pop corn and apples, were not served, but were taken by each guest who mirehed tackwtrds to a table, and there received his portion. Reception by Mr. and Mrs. Spindler.—In recognition cf tl.e gift given them by the schorl, Mr. and Mrs. Spindler entertained the students and faculty soon after the Christmas vacation. The gymnasium was very tastefully decorated with palms and ferns. The orchestra, almost hidden by a tank of ferns, rendered some very pleasing selections. After the reception, Mr. and Mrs. Spindler led the grand march, and the rest of the evening was given up to dancing. Light refreshments were served. All went away thinking that the host and hostess were royal entertainers. The Junior Banquet.—The class of ’09. as Juniors ami as Seniors, has always ! een noted for its originality. This characteristic was shown in the banquet given to the Seniors last spring. The tables, which were set in the lower hall, were very artistically decorated. The «cheme of decoration was carried out with daisies. At each plate was a large daisy, and the place cards were decorated with the same flower. Al ove the tables, from wall to wall, were strings of daisy petals cut from paper. Across the end of the hall near the main entrance was a curtain formed by the strings of petals. The effect of the whole was beautiful. After the banquet, every one went to the gymnasium where dancing was the order of the evening. Here again the strings of daisies were used, hung around the room at the base of the gallery, against a background of evergreen. Strips of yellow ami green crepe paper were hung from the center of the ceiling to all sides of the room, forming a canopy. The decorations here were as beautiful as those of the tables.■"TThe Iris ’09 9192 The Iris 09 YKP.Lvsk.CccicH e .R.T. Roberts. R.H. STATE NORMAL CHAMPIONS.The Iris ’09 93 The Foot Ball Season of 1909. The footlxill prospects were very poor indeed at the beginning of the season. With a debt front the previous season which had to be paid before a schedule could be made and with only three regulars from the team of last year available, it seemed that little could be accomplished. It was near the last of September l»efore all difficulties could be overcome and a squad of fifteen were out on the field for practice. Most of the candidates for ] ositions on the team were entirely green in the game and much time was needed to learn the rudiments of tackling, falling on the ball and handling it properly. So at first the team developed slowly. After a little over one week of practice the team met the team of the Chippewa Palis High School at Chippewa Falls and went down to defeat by a score of 21—0. To a careful observer, however, the game was encouiaging rather than discouraging. Chippewa Palls put a team of experienced players in almost midseason form against the Normal team. The Normal boys were outweighed several pounds and most of them were lining up for their first real defensive playing. Yet by individual effort the Normal team repeatedly forced Chippewa Palls to resort to the forward pass to make the necessary ten yards. These forward passes were almost uniformly successful and were good for g ins of 30 yards. It is significant however that this was the first and last team which was able to use the forward pass successfully against the Normal team. The week of hard practice following was most beneficial. Profiting by the experience of the Chippewa Palls game the team rounded into shape fast. On the following Saturday the light team of the Marshfield High went down to defeat by a score of 52—0, fighting gamely for a score up to the last minute of play. The games scheduled with Waupaca High for the two following Saturdays were cancelled by the team; one because the parents of the players would not permit them to play out of their own city and the other because they did not wish to play so heavy a team as that of the Normal. The Dispensio team of that city filled in one of the dates left open by the high school, and were defeated in a one sided game by a score of 65—0. November 4tli was the date for which the team was preparing, for that was the date on which the old time rival, the Oshkosh Normal team, was to be played. The day was a cold one up to the time of the game, snow falling a large part of the time. Every member of the team walked onto the field determiner! to fight for victory to the last minute of the game. Stevens Point kicked off to Oshkosh and immediately held them for downs. Oshkosh recovered the ball a few minutes later and then carried it to Stevens Point’s 15 yard line, principally by quarter back runs. Here Captain Hdl intercepted a forward pass and ran the ball back 25 yards. Por the rest of the game Oshkosh was on the defensive in their own territory. Near the close of the half, after a series of end runs. Olson, by the help of splendid interference, carried the ball over the goal line for the only touchdown of the game. The cnvd was wild with enthusiasm. Por the first time in several years Oshkosh had been scored upon. The second half was sh rt. Oshkosh, completely beaten and swept off their feet by the energetic attack of the Stevens Pointers, disputed a point of judgment with the referee ami left the field to save themselves from a second touchdown which was imminent. It is significant that the Oshkosh manager had asked to have the railroad fare paid in advance on the plea that the treasury was empty, although the custom, unbroken for years, had been not to advance expense money before the game. The result of the Oshkosh game left the Normal School championship between Whitewater and Stevens Point, Whitewater having defeated Plattville earlier in the season. A game was scheduled with Whitewater to take the place of the game with the local high which had been cancelled by the high school management. The Whitewater team, though not as heavy as Oshkosh, proved a much harder team to defeat. Though Stevens Point's goal was never in danger, Whitewater put up a stubborn defense, especially in the neighborhood of their goal line. Captain Hill was forced to try place kicks three times from within Whitewater’s 20 yard line, kicking one g«al and missing two by a narrow margin. The other six of the ten points by which Whitewater was defeated came in the first half when Dumas intercepted a forward pass near the center of the field and perfectly guarded by Roberts ran fifty yards for a touchdown which Collins converted into a goal. The prospects for another championship team are very bright. A considerable number of the team of 1908 will return to play on the team of 1909. The finances are in better condition than for some time. Let us hope that after the season of 1909 victory may be with the team as it is with the team of 1908.94 Tie Iris '09The Iris ‘09 95 ATHLETIC MANAGERS AND COACH FOR 1909. B. V. Christensen Henry Halverson Dan I . Hughes Prof. Lusk. Coach TO PROFESSOR LUSK. Upon Professor Lusk, our conch, we bestow the highest praise. A large measure of our success is due to his energy and ability. His patience and readiness in furthering the development of the lx»ys was unlimited. We are exceedingly thankful to all who have helped to make football a success in the Stevens Point Normal, and especially to Manager Hughes and Treasurer Weinljerger. "The coach invites you to a fo otball gabfest in the Domestic Science rooms at 6:30 p. m., Tuesday. November 24, 190S. Incidentally there will be a little turkey and cranberry sauce l et veen talks, so don't e t too much during the ilav. It will be strictly informal, but you will not need noseguards." Such was the invitation received by President Sims, Professor Bacon. Manager Hughes, Treasurer Weinberger and the meml ers ot the football squad, on the morning of Nov. 23. We found our places at the table, by the aid of unique place cards. In the middle of the table the "Championship Football of 190S" reclined peacefully on a silver tray lined with purple and gold. After a bounteous dinner we gave vent to our feelings by singing "The Purple and the Gold." and by cheering the coach, his wife, the president and faculty, the domestic science girls, the footl all team which was. and theone which is to be. After thanking Mr. and Mrs. Lusk for the jolly good time enjoyed by all, we departed.96 The Iris '09 FOOTBALL SQUAD NAMB WRIGHT 146 POSITION NICK NAMES 122 144 148 Husky 154 137 143 Rube 154 Kenneth Halverson 157 131 137 Edward Mach 135 Teeter Conover McDill 127 137 Butts Melvin Olson 108 Sub . Thomas Olson 145 Edward Reyer 143 Tackle Guy Roberts 1 7 Herbert Steiner 152 Sub Tunk Alliert Wells 150 Tackle Carlyle Whitnev 141 Runt Prof. W. F. Lusk 140 Daniel Hughes 150 John Weinberger 130 Lilvbelle Average weig ht of tean .143 pounds FOOT BAM, GAMES AND SCORE Stevens Point..................................0 Stevens Point............................ ...52 Stevens Point................................ 65 Stevens Point_____________________________ 6 Stevens Point.................................!» Total......................................1 3 Chippewa Falls.............................21 Marshfield................................. 0 Waupa-a . ......__...................... 0 Oshkosh Normals.......................... 0 Whitewater ............................. 0 Totil .................................21 BASEBALL At a meeting of the Athletic association in February, spring athletics were considered. For a number of years we have taken up track work, meets only between the classes being entered into. This year material for a track team was very scarce, while nearly every male member of the school considered Ixise-l all favorably. B. V. Christensen was elected manager au l he immediately set about getting together the material on hand. On March 24th a call was made for baseball candidates to report in the gymnasium. Nearly every fellow in school reported, and prospects for a winning nine were exceedingly bright. On April 12th after vacation, Co.i- h Lusk and Manager Christensen arranged a schedule by whi h the cand'dates could report in the c..ge. A lively interest was evinced from the start, and the fellows could be seen limbering up during spare time. When the first good baseball weather permitted we reported on the diamond, which had been put into condition. The fellows developed rapidly, and soon the squad was reduced to twenty-five. Those who are making the best showing are Christensen and Collins behind the hat; “Cap” R Inrrts, in old time form, and Wadleigh in the box ; Hill, Hughes, and McDill on the initial sack ; Means. Messer, and T. Olson on 2nd; Geraldson, Hein, and Dawes on 3r l; A. Olson, Bischoff, and Wood at short stop; and Skalitsky, Reyer, Walther, Cummings. Dumas, Adams, and Wells in the field. Trips to Oshkosh and Whitewater to play the Oshkosh and Whitewater Normals have been arranged, besides some miner practice g.mics.N On NORMAL LIBRARY WEST STAIRWAY98 The Iris ’09 SOME FAMILIAR FACES. RECITATIONS. The recitations declare the glory of the Seniors: and the note-books sheweth their brainy work. Day unto day nt'ercth knowledge and night after night sheweth cramming. There is no special morning exercise or social function where their voice is not heard. Their line is going out through all the earth and their wisdom to the ends of the world. They go forth and scatter unto the ends of the earth and nothing thereof is hid from them. The law of the Seniors is perfect, punish ng the willful; the evidence of the Seniors is indisputable. ma ing wise the simple. The regulations of the Seniors are just, encouraging punctuality; the scholarship of the Seniors is genuine, enlightening the eyes. The fear of the Seniors is full of awe. enduring forever; the decrees of the Seniors are right and good altogether. The dc;ks of the Seniors are red-topped. More to be desired are they than gold. yea. than much line gold. Who can understand the errors of their ways?100 The Iris 09 Seniors Ena Sumuicht Mamie Ames Zelma Caesar Olga Emerson 'iola Wood Georgia Harrows Pearl Reinhart Isabel Horne Hazel Wilson Frances Oestcrle Sarah Brickson Anna Shafer Margaret Dorney Amy Bloye Pauline Bohman Bernice Cauley Armilda Rifleman Lucile Davenport Juniors True Hyland Maude Scott Genevieve Clifford Inez Whitney Ella Pratt Nellie Rozelle v Julia Dumas -rrp-pU'T'DriWI ICTI'VOk11 ijJHUTTThe Iris '09 101 Oratorical Contest. The oratorical contest was held in the normal assembly room on Saturday evening. February 20. Albert W ells received first place, which made him our representative in the inter-normal contest held at River Falls. Mabelle Rogers received second place. Program. Music—Estudiantina ........................................................ Laconic Treble Clef Club. 'Flic Iron Chancellor................................................Edward Reycr 'File Spirit of Conservation......................................Daniel P. Hughes Spanish Dance ........................................................... Moskowski Misses Cove and Hill. The Prose Epic of Puritanism.....................................Mabelle C. Rogers The Poet of the Pcop’e........................................... Ellen W'heclock W altz Song ............................................................... slrditi Miss Jessie Mi l. The Real W'cbster.................................................Albert S. Wells Fine Arts as a Dynamic Force..........................................Clara Farrell Sand Dance ............................................................. Friedman Normal Orchestra. llenrv Halverson Winifred Nelson lvna Sumnicht Max Waltlier102 The , 09 INTER-NORMAL ORATORICAL CONTEST. The annual internormal oratorical contest was held at River Falls. March 19. AM the schools sent delegations, Platteville, Oshkosh and Stevens Point sending the largest. hut they were all enthusiastic whether large or small. River Falls opened wide her doors and all the visitors were loud in their praises of the people of River Falls as entertainers. The contest was held in the Methodist church which was beautifully decorated with ferns, carnations, and the colors and banners of the seven schools. Before the hour of the contest, the different delegations began to assemble and the house echoed with yells, songs, and cheers, while the banners of all the schools waved and kept time to the music furnished by the Platteville band. After about two hours had been spent cheering the orators. Mr. Sperbeck. as president of the association, called the house to order and the contest, which was one of the closest and best ever held, began. After the contest a reception was given at the normal for the visiting schools. Officers of League, 1909. Earl Sperbeck. Pres. Oshkosh. R. V. Cott, Secretary. Superior. Ena Sumnicht, Vice Pres. Stevens Point. Dean Smith. Treasurer. River Falls.The Iris ’09 103 Program. Song—Whither (Shubcrt) ................-..........................Ladies’ Chorus Oration—William McKinley .....................................Earle H. Whitcomb River Falls. Oration—The Menace of Concentrated Wealth.......................Elmer I.. Nygaard Oshkosh. Solo—The Gordons (Needham)..........................................Albert Brann Oshkosh. Oration—The Union of Occident and Orient.........................Jas. R. Wallin Platteville. Music—Selected ................................................................ River Falls. Oration—The Real Webster............................................Albert Wells Stevens Point. Oration—The Greatness of Theodore Roosevelt...................J. Charles Anspach Milwaukee. Solo—My Dear (Earnest R. Ball)..................................Henry Halverson Stevens Point. Oration—The Hope of American Democracy.............................Easton Johnson Whitewater. Oration—The Man of the Ages.....................................Julia Van Kirk Superior. Music ...................................................................... Band Platteville. Judges. John C. Pierson, Beloit. . J. Mutch, Ripon. Chas. W. Treat, Appleton R. B. Hart, Cumberland. Francis S. Potter, Minneapolis.104 he his 09 THE PRACTICE DEPARTMENT. The thought uppermost in the minds of those selecting representative work from the grades of the training department lias been to secure work that will be suggestive to teachers. The first composition was selected from a set of papers in which the pupils were requested to give the:r ideas of an ideal teacher. 'fhe following pohits were made by the pupils nd arc here stated in order of their importai ce in their minds. The characteristics of first importance were in partiality, justice and the abil'ty to so teach a subject that the pir ils understand it and wish to lc :rn more of it. Next in their estimation comes the ability to keep the pupils in good order casi’y and to help them over difficult places. The teacher who is pleasant, winning the respect and love of his pupils, has a high place in their regard. One feature of the Meal teacher, mentioned by many of the cla'T, in their compositions. w?s the one who kept every promise and in every way set his pupils a good example. The composi»;on of the bad boy of the class contained some sound pedagogy. He preferred "the teacher who isn’t always expecting a fellow to be bad, for ;f she docs, lie is worst than at first." 'Phc second set of papers were selected as samples of uncorrected work, gathered at the close of a half hour composition Period. Turing the previous week, the tca-dier had been teaching adjectives and Hie aim of the lesson was to introduce the subject of description in composition, inspiring the pupils to make a careful selcct’on of adjectives in describing some familiar object which had interested them. The subjects selected were various—“Our ColPe." "A Launch.“ “My Horse,” “The Telephone." “The Schoolroom Clock.” “A Violet,” “Our Jersev Calf." etc. These compositions have received no corrections, but are just as they came from the hands of the pupils. THE IDEAL TEACHER. My thoughts of an idc-1 teacher are these: That the teacher be sufficiently intelligent to fill her position. She should be ,-;i d to the pupils, and not favor anv one pupil. I like a teacher who will answer a’l questions, and help the pupil with Ir’s studies when she thinks best to do so; also i teacher that will keep good order in class and sec that the pupils get their lessors, one that will not give lessons too Ion". I like a teacher tint will allow a little fun once in a while, and that will not do things she tells her pupils not to do. CLEE FELCH. A WATER LILY. Hidden in a secluded portion of a muddy pond was a beautiful expanse of water lilies. The velvety leaves and white blossoms showed plainly in contrast with the dark waters on which they lay. Each blossom, with its yellow center and clustering white petals, resting on its platelike leaf, appeared to be held in its place upon the water by some mysterious hand. LEONA VIERTEL. THE SHEEP. The sheep is a very quiet and shy animal. It :s about four feet long and is covered with a mass of fine, soft, white wool which is about five inches long before it is cut. The wool is cut every spring, usually the last part of May or the first part of June. The sheep has a small, triangle-shaoed head, with large, green, glittering eyes. The pupil of the sheep’s eye resembles that of the cat. The front feet of the sheep are short and very straight, with small, cleft hoofs, which, in the western part of this country, serve them for climbing. They can live on verv short gmss. biting it closelv to the ground, therefore are called “nibblers.” TECKLA PRODZIXSKI.The Iris 09 105 TWO INDIANS. Along tlic dusty road passed a low, single wagon in which was seated a middle aged Ii.d an and a squaw. The sun was hot and the horse seemed to he worn out from travel, but despite his fatigue, kept up the same wearisome gait. Around the squaw was thrown a blanket of flaming red. which formed a contrast to her straight black hair and dark skin. She wore nothing upon her head, for it is not their custom. They seemed to be contented and happy rs they traveled onward, talking to each other in their own queer language. EDNA WARNER. A LESSON PLAN. Lesson Plan for a Picture Study in Geography. Teacher's Aim: 'lo show pictures lilustrat.ng typical mountains in the kocky and Appalachian Chains, so that children can compare these ranges as to: 1. Elevation. 2. Skyline. 3. Difficulties in crossing these ranges. 4. Vegetation cover.ng. Subject Matter. I antern slides or pictures: Typical scenes n the Rocky and Appalachian Chains. I. Approach to the Rocky Mountains. Foreground: plain, light vegetation. background: snow-capped Rocky Mountains, little or no vegetation, uneven skyline. II. Marshall Pass. Break in the Rocky Mountains, easier means of transportation, railroad winding in and out. III. Down the Black Water. View of Appalachian Mountains: heavy vegetation, even skyline. IV. Harper's Ferry. Foreground: village situated in valley, small r annfact tiring buildings, heavy vegetation. Background: even skyline, range of Appalachian Mountains cut through by Potomac River. Summary. 1. The Rocky Mountains arc higher than the Appalachian Mountains, some of the Rockies being snow-capped the year round. 2. The Rocky Mountains are not so old as the Appalachian Mountains and are not worn (town so much, as may be seen from the skylines presented by each—tha of the Rocky Mountains being very uneven, and that of the Appalachian Mountains being quite even. 3. The Appalachian Mountains are much eas:er to cross than the Rockies, as they are not so h;gh and are more easily cut through by rivers, such as the Potomac. Transportation may be carried on by water as well as by railroads, while in the Rockies, railroads can be seen winding in and 0"t among the mounta'ns in order to cross them. 4. Vegetation covering of the Appalachian Mountains is much heavier than that on the Roc’ ies. as they are not so high and re c ve more moisture. Method. Each picture named as it appears on the wh’te background These are all tvpieal views of the Rocky and Appalachian Chains, children. I. Aoproach to the Rocky Mountains. How do we know that these mountains are very high? Would it be easy to the mountains here? What is true of the vegetation ’ What is the skyline presented by these mountains? II. Marshall Pass. Whv is this place 'a'MH a pass? Why does the railroad '■urve n and out? How lon r do vou think it takes to cross the mr«nta:n here5 Do you think it com very much to buiM this ra'lroad? Why? U the vegetation heavy? Ill Down the Blac1’ Water. •'''his is a view of the Appalachian Monntarns. Do you think that these mountains are ver- high? Why? "’hat is tr"e of the vegetation here’ What skyline :s presented by th se »"onntatns?106 The Iris ’09 IV. Harper’s Ferry. What has been the action of the river here? What can you see in the foreground of the picture? By what means cat goods be transported to other places? Is it easier to transport goods across the Rocky Mountains or the Appalachian Mountains? Why? Is the vegetation heavy here? What is the skyline presented by these mountains? Compare the Rocky and Appalachian Mountains: as to the elevation, as to the skyline, as to difficulties to be met with in crossing, and as to vegetation covering. In my work I have had access to lantern-slides, but good results can be obtained from the use of pictures, cither in books or mounted. Most people perceive, reproduce, and think in terms of visual images. It is possible for the teacher through judicious use of geographical pictures to have pupils obtain accurate percepts of the different geographical features. Often an erroneous idea can be corrected by means of pictures Great care snould be taken in the selection of pictures, the teacher trying at all times to show what arc considered typical views. Pictures, which show extended areas of land and water forms, and show the relation of these to the products and industries of that region, are of great geographical value. Collections of pictures showing customs, occupations, and home-life of people of different countries .vill form an important correlative link with other subjects such as language, history, and natme study. Picture study should not be used excessively, as it might lead to vague generalization instead of definite knowledge. M. C. MACLENNAN. PHYSICAL TRAINING IN THE PRACTICE SCHOOL. It has been a great pleasure to have under my instruction or supervision the children in the practice school. They have eagerly and enthusiastically responded to every phase of the work. We have been fortunate in having as practice teachers m this department those who were intensely interested in physical training. So it has not been difficult for me to have my ideas, for the most part, efficiently carried out. The aim of each teacher has been to see that each child obtained the greatest amount of physical good possible in the brief time allotted to us. Can much be done in fifteen minutes a day? Those of you who were present at our open lessons at the end of the first and second quarters must surely say “Yes.” These lessons were given that the normal students might see what could be accomplished by working faithfully for a few moments every day. Play has been one of the strong features of our training. When wearied by study or from sitting in uncomfortable seats, there is nothing that will so quickly give physical relief. There is also the gain morally to be considered. The child learns self-control, quick thinking, co-operation. independence and many other things. Following is a brief synopsis of the work of the year: I Primary: 1. Marching (a) single file; (b) in couples; (c) in fours; (d) diagonally from cor- ner to corner. 2. Simple rhythmical steps. 3. Bean bags (a) simple toss with both hands; (b) simple toss with left hand; (c) simple toss with right hand. 4. Marching calisthenics. 5. Games. The special aim with primary children is to train the sensory organs, consequently many little games and plays are given. Instructors: Misses Laura Coon, Lulu Johnson. Helen Singleton and Esther Ramsey. II and III Primary: 1. Marching (a) single file; (b) in couples; (c) files passing right and left; fd) in fours; (c) diagonally from corner to corner; (f) in circle. 2. Free movements, very simple and bringing into play the various groups of large muscles. 3. Musical dumb bells, simple rhythmical exercises taken slowly. 4. Aesthetic work: Touch step, cross step march, skipping, running maze, marching calisthenics. 5. Bean bags: The movements arc more complicated than those given in the first grade. The work is progressive. fi. Games. Instructors: Misses Laura Coon. Lulu Johnson. Helen Singleton and Hazel Waltcrsdorf. IV Intermediate Boys. 1. Marching; plain, and figure. 2. Free movements (a) swimming; (b) rowing; fc) diving; (d) steamboat: (e) chopping: ff) adoration; fg teamster’s warming; (h) archery; (i) anvil; (j) fencing; (k) locomotive; (1) chicken wings; (m) free swaying.I he I: is 09 107 3. Dumb-bells. 4. Wands. 5. Heavy work (a) running: (b) jumping: (c) ladder; (d) ropes; (e horizontal bar. 6. Gaines—Basketball. medicine ball, three deep, baste the bear. etc. The work done by the intermediate boys in free movements has been unusually line. From simple movements they have rapidly progressed to the execution of those requiring much co-ordi nation of muscles. Instructors: Misses Fcclcy, Empcy, Murat and Stemen. Basketball coach: Kenneth Halverson. V. Intermediate Girls: 1. Marching; plain and figure marching. 2. Free movements; simple imitative work. 3. Wands. 4. Balance beams (a) walking singly for balance and poise; (b) walking in fours: (c) touch step; 1 raising leg forward; (c) raising leg backward; (f) fancy steps, including polka, turkey walk. etc. 5. Bounding balls (a) single and double outward arm circles, tossing up and catching: (b) single and double inward arm circles, bounding and catching; (c) alternation of the above movements: (e) same exercises using the charge positions forward, sideward and to the rear; (f) the same exercises combined with fancy steps. 6. Aesthetic Dancing: 1. Polka. 2. Baby polka. 3. Touch step with arm movements. 4. Heel and t e polka. 5. Dainty steps. 6. Gilbert aesthetic dance. Games. The special features in the physical training for the intermediate girls have been the bounding balls and the aesthetic dancing. It is claimed by those who know most about this dancing that it offers more opportunity for all round tra'ning in development and grace than anything else, 't certainly offers opportunity for plenty of cxccisc and self-control. In work such as this, great attention is paid to ease, grace of carriage and freedom of movement. Instructors: Misses Sheldon. Jakeway. Wysocki and Singleton. VI Grammar bovs: 1. Military marching. 2. Dumb-bells. 3. Indian clubs. 4. Heavy work (a) ladder; (b) traveling rings; (c) running li'gh jump: (d) running broad jump: (e) German horse; f) Swedish vaulting box: (g) parallel bars: (h) ropes. Most of the heavy work given during the year has been of necessity of a very elementary character. The pupils have the ability, but our time is short. So we have endeavored with each class to speciaPze in one or two things—more as a matter of encouragement than for any other reason. The grammar boys have worked faithfully upon Indian club swinging, dumb-bells and the German horse. At the close of the first quarter, a club-swinging contest was held. The judges were Prof. Spindler and Miss Peake. The work was remarkably uniform and well executed. The pnze wa awarded to Clce Filch. Clifton Potter. Carl I i erskt. and Willie Tail received honorable mention The end of the third quarter brought a s«- ond contest. Mrs. Spindler and Miss Hazel Shel '’on kindlv acted as judges. Again the boys di' excellent work. In a graceful little speech. Mrs Spindler presented an S. 1 X. pennant to Lester Warner for excellence in club swinging. Henry Welch. William Ross and Clec Felch received honorable mention. Instructors: Miss Wysocki. Mr. Hill. Basketball coach: Mr. Hill. VII Grammar girls: 1. Marching, plain and figure marching. 2. Wands unite .advanced work. 3. Dumb-bells, simple movements. 4. Indian clubs. 5. Aesthetic dan-ing fa) polka: (b) dancing Topsy: fc) brownie polka: (d) eight-step polka; fe) board walk; ff) dainty steps. 6. Games (a) three deep: (b) dodge ball: (c) pass ball: (d) basket goal relay race; fe) captain's ball. The grammar gir's have done splendid work, particularly in their figure marching, aesthetic dancing and games. They played an exciting game between the halves of a basketball game which was to decide the class championship of the school. The game was well played and proved of great interest from beginning to end. Instructors: Misses Quien. Ross. Johnson and Singleton.108 The his '09 l ! lie Iris 09 109 Tuesday afternoon. Xov. 26. 1908, the primary department gave a Thanskiving play. Some of the children played they were Indians and some played they were Pilgrims. The costumes they wore were made by the children. Scene 1 showed a wigwam with several Indian children sitting around playing. A Puritan child comes to the door of the wigwam. One of the Indian children greeted him with outstretched hand and presented him with a basket of corn. Scene II showed how the Puritans were husking the corn they had grown. The Puritan children came on the stage and formed a circle around a stack of corn and sang the “Husking Song,” husking the corn while singing. Scene III showed the interior of a Puritan house. A spinning wheel sat in one corner, while Eleanor Sanford, dressed as a Puri an maid, sat by the wheel and sang, “Spin. Lassie, Spin." as she wound a ball of yarn. Scene IV showed a sentinel watching the fort. All of a sudden he heard a whistle which sounded like the whistle of Indians. He called. “Indians!" The soldiers of the fort came to his assistance. The Indians gave a whoop and came ruslrng forward. bringing presents of skins, copper necklaces and wild game for the Puritans. After a time they built a fire and spent the day jumping, racing and arrow shooting. Scene Y—Military drill by Miles Standish’s men. The boys were dressed as Puritan men and gave a soldier drill, carrying flags rather than guns. Scene VI showed how the Puritan women prepared the Thanksgiving meal. The gins, dressed as runtan women, talked about the plentiful harvest, the friendly Indians. the wild turkeys they had. and the five deer Massasoit shot. After all was ready the children sat down and ate the Thanksgiving dinner.no The is 09 A HALLOWEEN PARTY. The 27tli of October the fourth grade in the Practice Department at the Ward entertained their friends, the practice teachers and the supervisors by giving a Halloween play, “The Woodman and the Goblins.” Characters. Donald Millbcrry was the woodman. Dewey Scribner, Gayle Martin, and Harold Frost were the goblins. The girls were ghosts and witches. Act I. (Scenery—A pine rorcst showing the woodman's hut on Halloween night.) The woodman standing in the open door talking about going to town to get his ax sharpened, lie fears the ghosts and witches but finally starts out. Act II. Woodman coming home with his new ax and hi ' ad full of ghost stories hcanl at the village. He stumbles on to three immense egg. 1 takes them home to hatch by the fire. Act III. Shows the woodman three weeks later watching his eggs. Faint sounds are heard. Finally they crack open and soon—not chickens, but three goblins come squirming and wiggling out. Act IV. Shows the woodman and goblins on Halloween night a year bter. The gobbns instead of being a help to the woodman, have nearly pestered the life out of Inm. The only time when they are quiet is when lie lights a candle. Then they settle down and stare at the light. He wonders how he can get rid of them. At last he remembers it is Halloween again. He wonders if he lit the candle and carried it out in the forest if the goblins would follow. Act V. The goblins arc following the woodman's candle through the dark forest. Ghosts and witches rush past. The woodman stumbles on trying to keen his eyes from the light as he feels it is trying to bewitch him. He finds the tree where the e,rgs were found, and places the candle in it. The goblins kneel :n a circle around the candle. The woodman struggles for a time against the magic of the light, but at last he takes his place in the circle with the goblins. He is filled with a great still hunger for the light. The spell has come upon him too.The Iris ’09 III LEST WE FORGET. Aug. 31. Who is that girl? Arc you going to school this year? What is an excuse slip? Lo you know that boy? Sept. 1. Fromm appears with a scared expression and a pompadour. Sept. 2. Seated according to ‘'altitude." Sept. 3. Senior colors on high. Sept. 4. Junior colors on Senior girls’ skirts. Sept. 10. Children’s day at the fair. Normalites turned loose. Pink and blue bows, celluloid collars, canvas shoes. Sept. 11. Faculty reception. Everybody labeled. Sept. 14. Football practice. Great enthusiasm. Sept. 19. Arena reception. Miss Peake (in blue gown) recites, “Dressed in blue, lovers true.” Sept 21. Frances Baker announces a new crush, the tenth one of this school year. Sept. 22. “Being late is worse than the drink habit.” Sept. 23. Louise Mathie gets to psychology in time to call her number. Oct. 2. President Sims makes his annual speech on the beauties of autumn foliage. Oct. 9. Cupid’s wings begin to rustle. Oct. 17. Marshfield vs. S. P. N. 56-0 in favor S. P. X. Oc . 21. Juniors’ hair on end. Summons to lower regions. Oct. 26. First installment of bank guarantee. Oct. 28. Waupaca Y. M. C. A. vs. S. P. N. 65-0 in favor of S. P. N. Oct. 30 Pointers by the “Pointer.” Oct. 31. Juniors have a glimpse into heaven. Professors Sanford and Sechrist ki.ccl before His Satanic Majesty. X’ov. 6. Perry concert. Poverty-stricken students go to Mr. Spindler. Nov. 7. Oshkosh vs. S. P. N. Oshkosh gets cold feet. Nov. 9. Miss Faber attempts to show the Seniors their duty. Synonyms—President Sims and the main entrance to the Normal. Nov. 15. “Not your golden hair, dear.’’—M. A. P. Nov. 20. Sam Wadleigh fined two cents for an overdue book. Nov. 21. Whitewater vs. S. P. N. S. P. N. champions of state. Celebration on back campus. Nov. 26. Father kills th ' tted “calf." Return home of prodigal son. Pec. 1. Frances Baker announces last and final crush. Advises Poly Con class to invest their money in northern Wisconsin. Dec. 2. Steiner leads the band. Arc they going or coming? Dec. 4. Ohiycsa and Athenaeum return to the days of their childhood. B. V. Christensen advocates simplified spelling. Dec. 7. Green shirt—Cake episode. Scene I.—D. S. kitchen. “Puffect ordah.” Devil’s food on table. Villain enters. How? Scene II.—Basement kitchen. Villain and faithful ally seated on gas range. Disappearance of devil’s food. Scene III.—D. S. kitchen. Enter D. S. supervisor. Locks all windows “huhself.” Dec. 14. Sam Wadleigh fined four cents for overdue book. Dec. 19. Y. W. C. A. candy sale. Behold the stars appearcth. Very dazzling. Treble Clef and Glee Club concert. Arena girls embrace the leap year opportunities. Dec. 23. Cupid lands his first victims. “My theories to the winds.” 12 P. M. “AH |uiet along the Potomac.” Jan. 4. Students take fiendish delight in celebrating Cupid’s victory. This is a mild paraphrasing. Jan. 5. Sam gets a book back on time.112 The 11 is ’09 Jan. 7. Sam breaks his cw Year resolution. Fine—two cents. Jan. 15. The faculty remember. Students tortured with the first rhetorical pro-pram. Jan. 2. Professor and Mrs. Spindler entertain the school. Feb. 1. Mary had a little dog, hose coat was black as jet. And everywhere that Mary went Her Pat went too. you bet. Feb. 10. Faber, Weinberger grammar nearly completed. Feb. 14. Melvin Olson’s derby still in the ring. Ikcy. Ikey! March 1. “Brite and fair.” Fromm's vivid imagination pets beyond his control. Ye’low shoes tlr’s time. March 19. Oratorical contest. S. P. X. delegates visit numerous nlaces of interest. Among them. River Falls. March 26. Junior girls win basketball tournament. March 27. Athletic fair. Minstrels entertain. Students and faculty bear it for the good of the cause. March 30. Professor Bacon airs his views on the merits of culture courses against practical courses, ard incidentally mentions his visit to the University of Minnesota. April 12. More signs of spring. Green hat, Steirer. Faster hair cut. Dumas and Means. April 15. More enthusiasm. Bank guarantee. Miss Faber expresses in plowing terms her love for the Seniors. 12 P. M.—Steiner still worrying about his $1.98 which he has deposited in an unguaranteed bank. April 16. Bank guarantee wins out. April 19. Win. Miltimore gets his foot in it. April 20. and on. Ym. Miltimore gets all that is coming to him. April 21. Spindler describes the new spring hat. Take a good sized waste paper basket. Sit upon it for 24 hours. Throw various colored bouquets at it (green vegetables will do). Those which stick, all right. Those which catch on, all right. April 22. Burglars! Burglars! Students bury their valuables on the back campus. April 24. Calendar committee meets and does wor'- which should have been done by Ed. Reyer one month ago. All kicks respectfully dedicated to the aforementioned Mr. Reyer. May 3. Cupid sharpens his darts and gets ready for spring shooting. May 9. Milo Wood has the mumps. May 22. Junior banquet. Dan Hughes urges tlie boys to seize their opportunities. June 5. President and Mrs. Sims entertain the Seniors. June 7. “The Butterflies.” Senior class play. “Quite extraordinary.” June 15. Class day. Seniors bid the Juniors an affectionate farewell. June 16. Faculty reception. June 17. Commencement. Seniors and Elements receive rewards of diligence. June 17. Alumni banquet.The Iris '09 113The Iris ’09 114 THE LIFE AND TIMES OF QUEEN ELIZABETH. C. Baldwin Bacon. “A horse, a horse, my kingdom for a horse! There must be six Richmonds upon the field, five have 1 slain today instead of him. A horse, a horse, my kingdom for a horse!” With these words, Richard 111 closed h’s career; and when the bloody crown wa taken from his head upon the field of Bosworth (1485) and placed upon the brow of Henry Tudor. Earl of Richmond, the dynasty of the Tudors began. It closed with Elizabeth in 1603. If the above words mean anything, they show the shrewdness, far-s: glued ness and cunning of Elizabeth’s famous grandfather; traits which she inherited and put into practice. It was a period of centralized government in the rulers. Along with Henry II. ruled Charles VIII and Louis XII in France, and Ferdinand and Isabella in Spain— a period of twenty-four years. Following these came another great galaxy—Henry VIII. Francis I and Charles V, who ruled contemporaneously thirty-one years. After two short reigns, Elizabeth and Philip II of Spain ruled and fought each other for thirty-nine years. All of these princes were Machiavellians, and during the sixteenth century great men came upon the field, and rreat deeds were enacted—the Reformation. the Counter-Reformation, revolts in France and Netherlands, and the establishment of the Spanish Main. The latter part of the century, then, is clearly one of transition. 'To understand Elizabeth in the midst of these changes is like being in a hall of mirrors where the object and its shadows are reflected in all the other mirrors. It is my purpose to try to explain her strength and shortcomings,—how they came to be. without explaining them away. To best understand the transitions of the period, it is best to relate the conditions in England at the time of her accession in 1558 and at the close of her reign in 1603. In 1558, there were in England no national policies, no freedom of speech, no confidence in the nation itself. In the field of economics there were no middle classes of merchants, manufacturers, or seamen. The land was full of beggars, due to famine. enclosures, and destruction of the monasteries. 'There were no poor laws. 'The treasury was empty, and coinage debased to about one-fifth of its value. The nation had no borrowing power, and prices were high. In the world of commerce, there was no commercial policy; few discoveries and no permanent settlem ents had been made. The Papal lire of demarcation divided the world com mere’ally between Spain and Portugal. England’s wool and woolen trade were in "reat jeopardy due to a state of war. Politically. England was in great unrest. She was at war with Scotland and France had just los Calais, with Ireland in revolt. About the accession of Elizabeth. and succession by heirs, there was great unrest. The court had been expensive, the people were separated into parties. England had no aPy. The peers were vultures, who had been made possessors of monastery lands by Henry VI11. As to religion, there had been four radical changes in a generation, and in 1558 there was no settled policy. The sovereign had the right to settle religion for the people. Elizabeth had been declared illegitimate by one party, and the other wanted a rule by the bishops; while Elizabeth detested Calvinists. In a military way, the country was badly off, there being no army, no navy, and the country defenseless. Socially, there was no literature, and no great men in sight. The methods of raising money had been by confiscation, the use of defunct laws, debasing coinage, benevolences, destruction of monasteries and chantries, and forced loans.The Iris ’09 115 As to foreign affairs. France and the Low Countries were strong, Spain most powerful, and England dependent. Turning now to the policies settled by 1603. we find that freedom of thought and speech were quite general. The nation had confidence in itself. In the sphere of economics, the classes of clergy, knights, and beggars had become the monied, merchants, manufacturers, sailor, and farmer classes, i. c.. the middle class had become the backbone of the nation. Parishes were compelled to take care of their own poor. Coinage was on a sound basis. The rat:on had a borrowing power. Huguenot citizens were welcomed and had established the woolen industry. Commercially, expansion had become a mark of national temper. Trading companies to extend English government had become a policy. The Papal line of demarcation had been broken. Monopolies in trade, granted by the government, had been started, and they are still existent. The Hanseatic and 1 ombardic Leagues had been swept from the seas, and England had four thousand ships in the carrying trade. Great changes in politics are marked. A peace policy had become established. The balance of power theory had become permanent. The succession had become settled in James I of the Scottish line. Scotland had been peacefully annexed. The people were united in national loyalty two hundred years before any other power. France was an ally and Spain crippled, while England was to remain an insular power. Tn 1603. how does England stand religiously? She had become Protestant, but as yet it had to be fought out between the extremists of that party. The compromise posit:on of Henry NTH had been accepted as to the head of the church, with “supreme head” modified to “supreme governor.” This meant a rule by the bishops with government supervision. The thirty-nine articles introduced, with toleration to Catholics as to the interpretation upon transubstantiation. The Act of Uniformity, proclaimed as a political necessity, but winked at in practice. Religious animosity was allayed. The Anglican Church for the time being had united the followers of the old system, Calvinists and those desiring a national church and simple service. In military affairs. England had an army of 800.000 men : thirty-four of the naval fleet were the queen’s ships, and a host of convertible privateers—a principle still followed by the transatlantic liners. The reign produced the Golden Age of literature, a host of great men. and freedom in education. Monopolies, investments in privateers and private companies for trading and exploration took the place of the old forms of taxation. It was still unsettled whether the crown. Parliament, or the Council would direct the policy of the government. The vital question now is. whose was the guiding hand? Who controlled England until these policies were settled? Let it be remembered that in the Tudor days, it was a period of the supremacy of the king, and even until 1649. The idea lingered until 1700: for do we not read of King William’s War. and Queen Ann’s War? Again, nearly all of the queen’s old ministers were dead fifteen years before the end of the reign and Parliament met but ten times during the whole period, or about nine years’ sessions. The policies could not have been Parliament’s policies because it demanded a large number of things which it never received. Again. Cecil desired Mary’s return to the Scots: Elizabeth to marry. James to be recognized as her successor. He opposed expansion, the irregular warfare, the execution of Norfolk. He declared for open war in behalf of Holland and the Huguenots. The party leaders demanded war on Spain: with France: a share in the government. The people had no policies: but asked for interference in Scottish affairs, a war for the return of Calais, the execution of Mary.116 The Iris V9 Now two things need to be observed. First, that ndne of the demands were carried out; and second, that the policies established in 1603 are self-consistent, and possess a unity. They must have been the product of one hand, one brain, one will, and those must have belonged to Queen Elizabeth. There were, moreover, many problems during the rei n. which no other but Elizabeth could settle. These are some.—how to keep single and save her throne from Mary: how to keep England quiet for thirty years: how to keep Mary alive and at once out of nvsehief; how to weaken Philip II and still keep from open war; how to keep Philip II busy in the Netherlands and not allow the Netherlands to gain free dom: how to keep the parties in England loyal to England without the loss of her own prestige; how to reduce court expenses without the loss of royal prestige; how to promote manufactures without increasing the number of beggars; how to break the Papal line of demarcation for commerce and colonization without creating a Catholic coalition against her: how to raise money without resorting to the illegal means of her ancestors. How Elizabeth successfully seized and answered these problems form the most interesting records of her reign ; but space will not permit any detailed account. It may be said, however, that the government made scarcely a move but that the solution of these problems was involved. Without taking up all of her solutions, it is possible here to center noon those most criticised. First, as to her economic policies, it must be remembered that in taking up with monopolies, privateers, and trading companies as a means of ra:sin" taxes, it was before the days of scientific economic theories: that the rcople must at that time-have relief from taxation and that even today both Russia and England grant monopolies to trading companies cither for taxes or to extend their territory. Second. Elizabeth's pohVy toward Spain must be intcrprc‘ed in the li"ht of the-t:mes. It was a state of war between peop'e of different religions, wi ll both governments preserving ofticM peace. Such a state ex’stcl between England and her colonies on the one hand, and France and her colonies on the other, between 1748 and 1756. during which time Washington attempted to seize Fort Du Ouesnc. Further, the-queen had to use privateering as a safety valve for the restless, adventurous spirits of her realm. Third, in ihose d ys state religions were the trans ’ional steps to individual belief! Scandinavia. Scot’and. Germany. Switzerland. England had established state religions. The queen was but following both her right, and what on the whole seemed best for England, durin" that period. Fourth, as to her treatment of Mary. Queen of Scots. There were five possibilities of treatment: To put her to death; to confine her in the Tower: to «ive her complete freedom : to pass her over to the Scottish chiefs for execution and thus wash her own hands of all responsibility: or to keep Ivr in semi-confinement at private estates. Of all of these, to have passed her over to the Scottish clrcfs would at first blush seem-the best statesmanship: for bv so doing, she couM settle four great problems at once, namely: her own succession, her own marriage her rival, Mary, and the union of Scot'and and England bv adopting James as her own son. As brilliant as this nolicv-would seem no one knew better than Elizabeth that it would s'gn Imr own death warrant : for with these problems settled, the English people would have deposed her., preferring James, and Philip II would probably have made war at once. Of Elizabeth’s early life only this need be said, that she was banished" from courf at an earlv age: her mother, Anne Rolyn. had been executed; she hid had a love-scrape at the age of 17 years, and her lover. Adnvral Seymour, had been executed';-and she was called to the throne at the a e of 25 years. As to her education, she had had the best, having been in contact with: met). vbr » were making literature, ph'losophy. religious dogma, and history.The Iris 09 1 7 In her we see many elements of character which make for greatness, self-sacri-fice. broad-mindedness, courage, loyalty to duty, confidence in herself, shrewdness in judging character, accessibility, power of forgiveness, ability to sec a true course and hold to it. fitting her policy to the needs of her time, ability to distinguish between great ends and the details bv which they were secured, ability to make a sharp distinction between her administrators and court leaders. On the other hand you say she was a liar, yes; coarse, yes; proud, yes; mean, yes; ungrateful, yes; lacking in delicacy, yes; disavowed the acts of her officers, yes; committed high-handed acts, yes: fickle, no! These are personal qualit:es which could but little affect her life's work. Ripping off shingles always makes more noise than building foundations. As for fickleness, we can mention a dozen policies which she kept before her during her entire reign. If she was fickle in details, she truly represented her own people, who had no settled policies. In her high handed acts, she was a true Machiavellian. and has many imitators in Ei gl'nd's administration of today. All monarchies are marked by high-hmdedness. Vet with all her faults, we can make a plea for Elizabeth. She was the deepest thinker of her court; intellectual, therefore unsympathetic, possessing no love, no fear, no hate. Mary lost because of her emotions; Cromwell because of h's fear; Richard III because of his hate. Elizabeth won through her intelligence. Real vanity would have caused her to become the Queen of Scotland; the Queen of the .Wtherbnds: to make war for Calais; to retain the title of “the supreme head of the Church.” hT'zal cth had no home environment. She wanted to marrv. hut could not. For forty-five years, she was surrounded by men. without a single disinterested adviser.— not even Cecd being disinterested. Men of all sorts.—snakes, pirates, adventurers, sycophants. traitors, grafters, and those looking for mistakes or trying to force her to action. Who of us would have come out of a forty-five year exper'ence any better than Elizabeth? Is it any wonder that she lied, swore, lacked del’cacy, became vain and course and dissimulated? Ts it any wonder th°t courage grew into high-handedness; tha suspicion became distrust: that caution softened into timidity; that economy hardened into parsimony: that finesse changed into whimsicalness: that dissimulation became out-and-out lying: that enjoyment of life grew into vanity: vanity into meanness; that loyalty to duty grew into a fetich insensible to dishonor, and. alas, that self-sacrifice mellowed into melancholy? No These are. but inevitable results of the cond tions into which she was born. Elizabeth is an object of pity t nd not scorn. A person's work is his lengthening shadow extending far into »he future. Oueen F.bzabeth accomplished the policies mentioned. She sacrificed for England as no other. She crystallized the people’s best desires, and aspirations, and ideals. In what did her real strength lay? In th's. She kept her motives and plans to herself. She combined the role of woman and queen. She knew the weaknesses of others and framed her policies accordingly. She kept the future uncertain. Her last resort w s to fall b ck uoon England's and her own isolation. Where she erred was precisely at the point where she did not see clearly what her people desired. The world moves on because of the wisdom of the intellectual, the justice of the great, the prayers of the good, and the valor of the brave. If Elizabeth did not contribute to the world all of these virtues, certainly she helped to move it on. bv her w:sdom and valor. One historian well savs. “History does not show another instance of such complicated balance of forces so dex erously manipulated." When we remember how conspicuous was the stage upon which she acted, and consider to how little advantage we would appear, if all of our words, resentments, caprices and follies were exposed to public gaze, we will be more lenient in our judgments of the at once glorious and lonely queen. Queen Elizabeth.The his ’09 118 A SUNRISE. The student body has a logical mind; ves has it not manifested itself many times during the general exercises of the past year? Why buy a season ticket to the football games, and similar questions followed by answers full of reason and logic. Whv do Americars go to Europe? First, to spend their money; secondly, to be fashionable. In my case, it is needless to discuss either of these rc sors. There is no country in all the world quite like Switzerland, with its deep blue lakes surrounded bv beautiful stretches of green meadows, prosperous vilbres and orchards planted with fig, chestnut and almond trees, leading up to the snow topped Mount Anis. Switzerland is rightly called “The Playground of Europe.” Each year it becomes more popular: in every nook and corner a hotel has been placed. Everywhere you can sec the mountain railroad with its curiously shaped locomotive creeping over the green slopes or up the steep rocky cliffs with its shrill whistle echoing from the meadow or the distant peak. So often the tourist rushes through, looking upon the panorama before him only as a show place, forgetting that in addition to the scenery, the country is laden with historic memories, interesting myths and legends. Several mountain ranges may possess higher peaks and grander glaciers, but these cannot be reached as easily and comfortably as the Alpine peaks. The most popular and famous is the Rigi—(Regina Mountains)—Queen of the Mountains. In 1871, the newly invented rack and pinion system of mountain climbing was successfully applied to the Rigi. For while the peak is not as high as many other Swiss mountains yet its position between the three lakes of Lucerne, Zug and Lo-werz makes :t a unique point of view. From its summit, or kulm. o 'e can see parts of nearly all the Swiss cantons, and even far into the neighboring lands. Everywhere we sec blue lakes, green slopes, dark forests, and clear, running streams; to the north, we survey Lake Zug with its cities and villages surrounded by the mountains of the Black Forest, and all along the hori zon in the east, south and west, is the stupendous range of snow-clad Alps; while at our very feet is the lake of Lucerne, cross-like in shape. The early morning, a quarter of an hour before and after sunrise, offers the best opportunity for a clear view. Half an hour before sunrise the Alp horn sounds the reveille. All is at once noise and bustle; the crowded hotels are vacated and the summit is thronged with a multitude of people from all nations. The bright stars gradually fade; a streak of gold appears in the east and little by little the white peaks are tinged by a rosy hue: the shadows between the Rigi and the horizon melt away and like a puzzle picture, suddenly hills, villages, forests, and rivers arc revealed in a cold grey light, soon to be replaced by a golden glow of sunlight. At a later hour the mists from the clouds completely hide the summit, so very little can be seen. It is said. “See Naples and die;” I say.“See a sunrise on Mt. Rigi and live.” E. M. P.The Iris ‘09 119 SIGHTSEEING TRIP THROUGH THE NORMAL. Right this way, ladies and gentlemen, for the sightseeing trip through the Normal. Only 10 cents. Think of it 1 Children between twelve and six for 5 cents. Madam, your little boy must be over six. All right, ready. Be careful to follow my directions, and nothing can harm you. We will begin right here at the west door, and take the basement first. The first room to the right is the Domestic Art room. Xo, lady, we would better not enter; the girls are busy making their commencement frocks, and we might disturb them. The door to your left is the Manual Training room. It is used as a store-room for half completed works of art (?) and broken down machinery. The passageway to the right leads to the Janitors' department. This exit is never mentioned, however, as it is wished that the students be kept in ignorance of its existence. The door to your left opens into the boys’ dressing-room. The floor is of marble, and the whole apartment is kept perfectly clean and free from germs. In fact, the purity and cleanliness of this room helps to account for the great athletes this school has turned out. Next arc the engine rooms, which communicate with the outside world and are invaluable at 5 :05. Again at your right is the old Manual Training room. It is a toss-up in which of the two rooms the classes will be found reciting. Next, lady, is the Normal Laundry, owned and operated by one of the Gold Dust Twins. Xo, we cannot enter. A great amount of cleanin’ and scrubbin’ was done there last fall, and the room is not to be entahed until some of the Domestic Science girls have become mistresses of theih aht. • That, gentlemen, is the electric fan, to furnish the entire building with hot air. It has not been necessary to use it since Mr. Wm. Dincen entered school. The next room to your left is the great gymnasium, of which the school is justly proud. Visitors are requested not to leave wads of gum on the dumb-bells. This gymnasium is the finest in the Middle West, but the Faculty is dissatisfied with it, and it is soon to be remodeled after the great gymnasium in Boston. This room is noted for the basket-ball games that have been won in it, not their number, but their extreme unexpectedness. If the gallery doors are locked, visitors can very easily enter by way of the wood-pile. Tins is found to be a great convenience. In connection with the gymnasium is the girls’ dressing room. Visiting teams arc put in there, for sp’tc. I believe. It is always cool, because of the stone floor. The absence of locks on the locker doors is another convenience of which the school is proud; I understand that they were removed for the entertainment of visiting teams. This small but pleasant room is the Old Kitchen. Notice the gas-range. Easily entered from the outside by way of the double-barred window. Holds many dear associations. This is the official place of concealment for the Normal spoons, but the school has acquired so many of late that at present many other places are being utilized. The room in connection with it is kept exclusively for the Juniors who enter by way of the window and play “sliditi’ down the cellar door,” when they get homesick. We will ascend these steps, and we find ourselves on the first floor. The room to your right is the Kindergarten, where the little tots learn to make all sorts of pretty things. Tt is also the Council room of the Ohiyesa Indians, who arc in the kindergarten stage of civilization, as is shown bv their love of all kinds of rhythm work, war-dances especially. Across the hall is ‘he Primary room, which your little boy will be interested in, lady. Notice the cb ss of little people coming from the recitation-room. They are120 The I: is '09 trained to walk, stand, and sit correctly by their faithful practice teachers. It is believed that this will make them better citizens. This is the Sick Room. lady. Oh, no. On the contrary. Normal life is found to be very invigorating. I mean by that, that those who remain as students for more than one quarter at a time arc extremely robust. Survival of the fittest, as Prof. Olson would say. The Sick Room is merely fitted up to show the Domestic Science students the ideal. It is kept entirely free from bacteria of all kinds, and contains no superfluous furniture. As we pass on down the hall we see to our right the Teachers' Store-room. That’s the idea, madam. Sometimes we have more embyro teachers in school than we know what to do with: in that case they arc disposed of in here. No. the room is not used as a slaughter-house. That ;s red ink upon the walls. It has spattered from the lesson plans which arc put in the wire baskets. But let us pass on, as I see the ladies are growing faint. The door to your left opens into the Domestic Science Kitchen. You may look in. Observe how clean it is. The Normal offers a complete course in Domestic Science. When a student has finish' d it she is supposed to be an adept at all kinds of plain and fancy senibbin’. and if necessary could earn her living in this way. What you hear is the Normal Male Quartette. They evidently have pitched it too low. That is the music room. The toys scattered about belong to the Darkey Symphony. They seem to enjoy them. Miss Porter is the proprietor of this room, and it is kept open night and day. The school is nothing if not musical. The students require music to study by. As you glance down the hall you see a small room approached by a flight of stairs. That is the teachers’ Rest-room, and is operated in connection with the Grammar and Intermediate departments, to the left and right respectively. It is sometimes occupied bv the pupils of these departments, but they do not consider it an efficient resting place. The large window makes an excellent spoonholder. second only to the old kitchen. We will now pass up to the second floor. Do not be alarmed. That is not a stampede. The pupils who are as vet insufficiently domesticated to comprehend and fit into the highly complex civilization of the assembly room are kept in a large room known as 215. They are the c"use of the uproar. If your nerves are in good condition you may look in. No, the lady who fainted in the Teachers’ Store-room must stay away. 'flic small room to your left is the I.at;n recitation room. That is a bust of Cicero. No. madam, he originally had lr ir like Fred Somers’, whom we will see presently. He had it finished bald for two reasons.—he thot it would appear more dignified, and he wanted to furnish a place for his admirers to inscribe the:r initials. It is in this room that the side-show ponies are kept in training by their faithful jockeys. The room across the corridor enjoys the reputation of being the cleanest recitation-room in the building. It is in charge of the other Twin. I tlrnk it will always hold its present place of honor, altho Prof. Spindler has been seen wielding the feather duster and washcloth once or twice this year; but he is not known definitely to have entered the contest. The large room at the north of the corridor is the drawing room. Perhaps it would be more appropriate to call it the living room. Students bring their faneywork and spend the afternoons here daily. But come., ladies and gentlemen, we must be going. We will pause for an instant before this recitation room. Those are Review Arithmetic standings posted. It is safe to say that a majority of the standings above 75 have been won by students who arc fairly bright. I would not be afraid to recommend any of them for a University position.The Iris '09 12 The next place of interest is the General Library, so called because of the general nature of the work done there. The lady at the firs desk is Miss Dunegan. She has charge of overdue books and Peter Majerus. She is saving up the students’ candy-money to buy a muzzle for Peter. Miss LaTourette has charge of the rest of the school: she is very kind and always welcomes all visitors. But you mustn’t even whisper if she is looking at you, and you must never speak out loud unless you are talking to Pres. Sims. That buzzing noise is not a saw-mill. That is Peter Majerus. lie is hunting for reference books in English History, and incidentally entertaining a group of his class-mates. You will notice, ladies and gentlemen, that the library s well fitted with lights, but it has not been found necessary to use them much this year. The door across the hall opens into the President’s office. Mere is to be found a complete record of the life of every student in this great school. Even the excuse slips are kept on file. Probably sonic time the students will run out of excuses, and then undoubtedly some of these old ones can be procured very reasonably. I have heard that some of them are not valued very highly. What is known as the inner office is beyond that closed door. It is a pleasant room, but difficult of entrance, except to a privileged few. Pres. Sims is a very busy man, but he will invariably attend to your case if you present the proper credentials. The large room to the left is the General Assembly room. This is occupied by the more mature students, who know what they are here for. It has been the scene of many happy and soul-thrilling events. The time of year can be very easily told by a glance into this room. In the early autumn, there is an air of bust!e. of “I-am-here-for-business.” Later, the absence of the masculine element ;s noticeable, and the girls seem to gravitate toward the windows in the rear. Foot-ball season. From December to April there is a growing tendency to form friendships, and a glance into the room between four and five o'clock will show the entire basket-ball squad, each member faithfully at his post. As the winter wears on others follow their example, until the maximum is reached in April or May. There is no perceptible increase or decrease in number from May to June: the time of year may be easily told, however, by the intensity. which increases in geometrical proportion as commencement time draws near. No, little boy, yon cannot sit in that seat: you must not even touch it. It is a cherry-top. and is exclusively for those who arc exalted in station because of their superior mental powers. For the present you must be content with merely admiring it, but some day. who knows? It is a great thing to be a Senior, my lad. As we pass out the door you will probably be blinded for a moment, but if you shade your eyes you will be able to distinguish the outlines of the counter where Mr. Somers, whom I believe I have mentioned before, sells postage stamps to his girl friends. I hear he is doing a very paying business. The room beyond is not a museum, although that is printed on the door. It is used by Prof. Sechrist as a manufacturing establishment of spring poets and orators. Some very creditable work is turned out here. That winch is not creditable is not turned out. The next room on your right is occupied by Prof. J. V. Coll-ns. the noted funny man. If you have any jokes with you. you mav dispose of them here. They will be carefully preserved until such time as vou see fit to call for them. The next room on the same side of the hall is filled with idears. some of which are tremendous. Across the hall the ninth graders are kept in captivity. .They appear harmless, but it is thought best to have them closely guarded until their characters arc more firmly molded. Up the steps, ladv. This way. The first room we enter loo s like a junk shop at first glance, but a closer inspection will show that everything is in a place. No, madam, the tall, young man with the vacant stare, who is trying to roll that largeThe Iris ’09 122 marble down the side .-of the wall is in full possess:on of his senses. lie is studying the law of acceleration of motion. You must not disturb those girls at the table, young man. They are counting the vibration of the pendulum before them. If you will kindly wait a few minutes, ladies and gentlemen, you will be provided with thick cloths to bind over your noses. Ah! here they are. Never mind the faint odor about them. It is really pleasant compared with that of the next room, the chemistry laboratory. Lady, you must watch your little boy. He may kill us all in a second if he doesn’t let things alone. Students who have studied chemistry have become accustomed to the odors which you find so overpowering, and have even been known to continue in the work for eight or ten quarters. As we pass on. the door to your left opens into the Geography room. The little boy must be careful not to ask questions that do not pertain to the subject matter. Across the hall is the room occupied by Prof. Sp'ndlcr. Ilis students arc expected to say something when called upon, and evidences of their industry may be found in the great l:sts of references handed in weekly. The large room at the end of the hall is the museum. It is a very popular study room, and is open to all. It is seriously proposed that the windows be fitted with scats provided with hif h backs, to make them more comfortable. The room at your left is the History and Economics recitation room. No bluffers allowed to enter, and if by chance one should ge in, he would have to change his character before he could get out. Applicants for entrance must be able to read English. This concludes the trim ladies and gentlemen. We will descend tins flight of stairs to the first floor, and if the door directly in front of you is locked, as I fear it is. since it is past 5 o’clock, van must watch your chance to get out with some of the teachers, or go out through the engine room. You must not ask Mr. Wilcox to let ycu out. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. (In the following paper, no claim is made of originality except possibly the arrangement. The subject h"s been too thoroughly discussed.) Of all problems tint are stirring the thoughts of public educators today, none is so vitally important as that one which involves the physical education of the young. One seldom takes up a magazine or a paper that has not at least ore article or editorial upon some phase of physiology, hvgicne. gymnastics, ath’etics or some other kindred subject. Scores of books have also been written. Yet with all this literature, ro subject has been so misunderstood, so neglected, or so poorly taught. Its purnosc is not to develop great strength as did the ancient Romans, consequently we have had less of the heavy work, but confine ourselves to li-htcr and quicker movements wlveh serve to develop a "rea’er decree of efficiency. TIcahh is nower and something to be worked for with all theThe Iris '09 123 power at one’s command. “Nature cannot and will not stand a strain in any one direction.” so the body must receive an all round development. The blacksmith in his daily labor develops mighty arm muscles while he may be suffering from a weak heart. A student cultivates his brain at the expense of h’s muscles. Different occupations demand different qualifications. As already suggested, particular development is the result of certain occupations. If all the faculties rre not used, and equally used, the result must be disastrous —the body must suffer. The body is an aggregation of cells, of cells into organs, and organs into systems. Disease follows the line of organs most used. All the organs of the body bear a certain relation to each other in function and size, and each part is dependent upon every other part. We cultivate the brain because it is the throne of the body, but it is regulated bv the body’s physical condit:on. A change in the quality of the blood supply to the brain affects our wills, our actions and our attitude to the world. It is impossible to treat mind and body separately when they arc so -'ntimately connected. Exercise to be useful in securing a perfect development must be judicious; takqn to the point of extreme fatigue, it is worse than useless. Dr. Gulick says, “To know when it’s time to quit, and to quit when it’s time is a most important lesson in the primer of efficiency.” When a muscle is worked, its substance is used up; its blood supply is increased and the waste is repaired unless the work done be too great and the time of rest too short. In a class of gymnastics, sufficient rest is obtained by frequent changes in work. The amount of exercise being wisely planned, it behooves us to plan our time. Violent exercise after a hearty meal is extremely unwise. The blood supply is needed for digestion. If we exercise, this blood supply is forced to the muscles instead of the stomach and indigestion may result from our carelessness. The same result is produced if we immediately engage in hard study directly after eating. At least an hour should elapse, else our repast must be light. Because we do not pay the penal'y the first time we arc indiscreet, is no reason why we should think we are immune from the results of deliberate sins of commission. Nature is patient and long suffering and we little know in what way we shall be called to pay for our indiscretion. Mental workers will not always see immediate results from exercise because the blood tends to flow in the most onen channels. As the most open blood passages arc to the brain, the heart stimulated by physical activity only sends more blood to the head, consequently right exercise must become a habit to correct this condition of affairs. Daily exercise in a room properly ventilated will do more for a person than ouarts of medicine—provided there be no organic disease. The trouble is that we arc erratic—we lack persistence. If you desire to develop some special muscles, it cannot be done in a day. Nature works slowly but surely. A deformity such as the forward inclination of the head, or perhaps spinal curvature takes a long time to correct. When not in the gymnasium, simple exercises should regularly be taken in one’s own room. Gentle exercise and deep breathing should precede violent exercise that the blood may be freely circulating. Some one has said that not one person in a thousand knows how to breathe properly. Deep breatlrng calms and makes the heart beat more regular! v. It stimulates the circulation and sends a rush of blood to the heart. Methods of breathing: a. Abdominal. b. Comparatively even. c. Apex.124 The his '09 Many instances arc recorded of children noted for their apparent stupidity who have been put through a course of physical training adapted to their special needs. In time, they would rank with children of normal ability. Never should a student supposedly slow be restrained from entering gymnastic work if by any means he can be induced to take part. 1 he gain is too great to run the risk. Is there a moral gain? W ho can doubt it if he has really taken the trouble to observe! Notice the pride in the daily improvement; sec how that pride is carried into other lines of work. The whole tone is morally better because the physical condition is better. Physical training should not be limited to the providing of exercises alone; for one’s physical need is not always exercise. It includes the alteration of habits with reference to sleep, rest, bathing, dirt. etc. Physical education means physical welfare, and physical welfare includes the conservation of energy and the prevention of disease and numberless other things. There should be tests of the special senses, particularly sight and hearing. Many a child is dubbed stupid because no ore ever found out that he doesn't hear readily. This is more often true of children with defective vision. Careful inspection should be given to detect adenoids; to the throat, for enlarged tonsils; of the teeth, for there is the seat of many a difficulty. There are many other medical tests that are given, the most important of which is the testing of the heart and lungs. These tests are to be followed by careful counsel in regard to exercise and personal habits. Germany and England are far ahead of us in this matter of the medical inspection of schools. In our country. Massachusetts is the leading state, but is closely followed by New York. Sec if the following facts obtained from pamphlets issued by the Massachusetts State Hoard of Education do not give material for serious thought: In 1906, Massachusetts passed a medical inspection law requiring school committees. or boards of health, to appoint school physicians to make examinations yearly of all school children. To carry this out. it was necessary for the respective towns to make appropriations to meet the added expense. Practically all of the cities and towns have done so. This law called for the annual examination of the eyes and ears of all school children. These tests were prescribed by the State Hoard of Ilca’th and were to be made by the teachers. Of 432.937 children tested, 96,609 had defective eyesight and 27,387 defective hearing. The :nspcction by the phvsicians revealed a startling state of affairs. Twenty-seven thousand two hundred and eighty-two children were found to be suffering from some disease or defect such as diphtheria, scarlet fever, measles, whooping cough, adeno'ds. diseases of the oral and respiratory tracts, ears, eyes, skin, deformities of bone. etc. When one considers that these figures are true in a state where education is sun-posed to be on the highest possible plane, what can be expected in those states where there is no medical inspection and practically no physical education? In many of the grammar schools of Boston are the so-called ungraded classes. They arc composed of children who are too old to be kept in the lowest grades and are not competent to do the work of a higher grade. Tn the Emerson School in 1906, this class consisted of forty pupils. Upon examination it was found that 50' had defective eyesight. 37$ had defective hearng. 65$ were defective in both. Of the whole class, but five were normal in sight and hearing.The Iris '09 125 In tlie Lawrence School was a class of s xty-six boys. Of these 42c had defective eyesight and about 9', had defective hearing. In most schools, each class or grade consists of Divisions 1 and 1. 'I his classification is made on the basis of scholarship. It was found that in the first division were the greater number of normal children. In the second division were those who had poor sight or had defective hearing or some other physical defect. In our public schools, children are all received on the same basis—the quick and the slow, strong and weak, sick or well, sound and unsound; and all arc subjected to the same conditions of discipline and instruction. They are given the same work to do w:th the same amount of time in which to doit. They aie tested as to their knowledge and ‘heir progress bv the same standards; they receive the same kind of rewards and punishments. Will teachers ever cease trying to do the impossible! ill school boards ever come to a true realization of the state of affairs! Closer grading has forced the slower pupils backward and their numbers have so increased as to demand an imperative reason as to the cause. The enforced med-;cal inspection is continually revealing the intimate relation between the physical condition of the pupils and their mental accomplishments. Special physical defects call for sj ecial classes; special mental defects also call for special class work. Many diseases and defects need only prompt medical or surgical treatment to insure rapid mental progress. Many can be prevented or corrected through educational gymnastics. Spinal curvature, forward inclination of the head, round shoulders, etc., yield readily to such treatment. All this work is not so much the physician’s duty as the teacher’s duty. She must, in preparation for her profession, make a thorough study of physiology, hygiene and physical tra iling to meet these crying needs of her pupils. Then she must learn how to co-operate with the parents in order to secure the highest good. Exercise should be recreative and educational. Increased emphasis is continually being placed upon play. It relieves the brain after severe mental effort. Yet it involves the hardest kind of work, a greater output than drudgery, but the work is interest ng. "Nature always strives to conserve the needed powers of the child and bring to fullness every promise of strength." Some one has said thit the opportunity of play is the opportunity of work. I have found this very true in my own experience. The fear that love of play will interfere with the love of work is the most groundless of fears if that play is properly directed. Without play, our gymnasium tra:r.ing would be too dull and uninteresting. The good accomplished by those who take exercise from a mere sense of duty is small compared with tnat accomplished by one who throws herself into it heart and soui. Health and the efficiency of the human body have never been so esteemed as at present, and yet there is nothing of any mon ent so neglected. When a student i impressed with the idea that good health ard physical endurance are necessary to success in life then will he turn his attention to the fundamental truths of hygiene and physical training. The time of the greatest need of exercise is during school life, for then a student is mos susceptible to its health-giving action. Exerc se should be regulated by u. dividual fitness; it should be approached gradually and increased with increasing strength. The field of physical training is such a wide one that it is sometimes difficult to choose wisely. Still the question comes to each of us—How can I cultivate in myself greater perfection of physioue and greater endurance? Secondly. What can I gain in theorv and practice that will be of immediate value to my pupils? TJ»r time »s comim when a teacher will not he considered eh' ble unless she can cater the physical welfare of her pupils.’ JOSEPHINE- MACDONALD.T he Iris 09 127 WORLD'S GRafrE.sT W IOER. SIDESHOW ARTISTS. Strong Man: Sam Wadleigh. lie displays wonderful skill in lifting books, notebooks and magazines of all kinds from the library and assembly room: also an adept at scaling seemingly insurmountable walls and lifting cakes and other edibles from their places of concealment. Fat I ady: Florence Ghocn. Mademoiselle weighs over 2000 lbs. Snake Charmer: Ellen Wheelock. Has had iruch experience with all kinds of poisonous snakes and reptiles. Come on in. boys, she will let nothing harm you. Circassian Beauty: Clara Farrell. A new species. Secured with difficulty. Highly prized. N'otice her diamond riiur. Clowns: Milo Wood. Carlyle Whitney, Austin Means, John Riley, II. J. Ninman. They will give you much cause for laughter. Giant: Herbert Klingbcil. Warranted not to shrink. Wildman: Wm. Dineen. Very dangerous. Skeleton: Miss Gwin. Her smile alore :s worth the price of admisson. Sleeping Beauties: A. S. Wells. Mary Marson. Guy Roberts, Florence Almy, I ouise Matliic. Warranted not to be fully awake before 8:30. Will answer all questions with. “Will you repeat that question, please?” Juggler: Leocadie Arclnmbeault. Juggles mines of all kinds. Pony Riders: Conover McDill, Vivien Mainer, Max Walther. Trained horses imported from Rome and Germany. Ring Master: Reid McWithey. Warranted to be heard in all parts of the tent. Hand-Organ Man: (Steady Grind) Ed. Mach. Drawing Cards: Bessie Ouicn Margaret Dorncy M rie Thorne Josephine Collins Mac Kapnlcr Lucile Davenport Frances Oesterle Jess:c Hill Ruth Ames Stella Murat Olga Emerson Irene Fccley Ruth Kollock Blanche Judd Winifred Nelson Elsie Newby Their beauty charms the eye as their singing delights the ear. Ticket Agent: Fred Somers.128 The Iris ’09 NURSERY RHYMES. If all the boys were Henrys And all the Hcnrys liked cake. What would become of ‘he dainty things That the I). S. girls do bake? Hickory, Dickorv, Dock! Mr. I.usk winds up the clock, 'file class bell rings, Miss Porter sings. Hickory. Hickory, Hock! Files of yellow slips remind us e can skip our classes, too. And when asked to give our reasons Think of something almost new. Reasons which perhaps another. Thinking hard, in grief and pain, A forlorn and sleepy brother, Reading, shall take heart again. Buirpety, bumpety. bump! They all came down in a lump. But next Hallowe’en They won’t be so green. Bumpety, bumpety, bump. Once there was a little man. And his pracnomen was Fred; And lie lighted up the corridor W ith his head. head. head. Now when this rhyme w-s done We were sorry we’d begun. For we thot perhaps enough Had been said. said. said. Sing a song of outlines. Of theses past their prime; Of Readings in Psychology Handed in on time. Hev. diddle, diddle! For Rov and Ins fiddle. That he plays with such vigor and force: The music he fives us is fine, as you know. But the strings are all broken, of course. There was a young lady Who lived in a stew: She had so much work She didn't know what to do. She corrected manuscripts Till her eyes were quite red; “The Iris will be great.” So El:z' bcth said. There was a little girl. And she had a little brush Which she used both night and morning. And when Ella was near You had best have a care. For she’d paint your picture without warning.The Iris 09 129 RESULT OF THE STEVENS POINT NORMAL GIRLS’ BALLOT. Handsomest Man ittiest Man .... Lad es' Man ....... Laziest Man ....... Heard the Least.... Greatest Bluffer .. Best Naturcd Man Grea‘est Talker ... Homeliest Man ..... Greatest Grind ..... Cheek’est Man ..... Greatest Doll ...... Most Bashful ...... Greatest Dude ...... Most Popular ...... .Milo Wood. .David Olson. .Carlyle Whitr ey. D. P. Hughes. .Max Walther. B. Y. Christensen. Mark Billings. .Elmer Adairs. Herbert R. Steiner. Clarence Bischoff. Ed. Fromm. Wm. Miltimore. Frank X. Spindlcr. C. Baldwin Bacon. II. J. X in man. TO THE FRESHMEN. Heigh. Little Freshman, ho. little Freshman! What do your bright eyes see? Rows of Cherry-tops, far. far away. Waiting for you and me. Heigh, Little Freshman, ho. little Freshman! When will that glad time be? When your bright green has faded, when you've learned to b’uff. And studied Poly Con. sec?no The Iris '09 ROGUES’ GALLERY. The following people are dangerous to the peace and quiet of a community. They have been anprehended several times, but have escaped each time from the stern arm of the law. Notice is hereby riven that anyone who willfully shelters one of them, or who aids him in any way. is guilty of a prison offense: Clarence B:schoff. alias Beezy. alias Sclmutz. Rather small. Nose. Turkish, inclined to Jewish. Eves brown. General disturber of the peace. When last heard of was thinking seriously of reforming and entering the U. S. Navy. Roy Ennor. alias Souint. so-called because of peculiar cast to one eve. Hair, dirty Straw. Nose. rug. Pal and associate of Bischoff. Plans for life subject to change at a moment’s notice. Is Generally seen carrying a violin and followed by a dog who answers to the name of Fido. George Dumas, alias Snowball, alias Cotton-top. abas Battering Ram. Can be told at a distance of three miles. Smokes cigarettes. Paul Collins, alias Collie, alias Pfister. Very tall, with black bristly hair. He is especially hard to capture because the ladies, to whom lie always makes himself agreeable. help him to escape in dc ance of the law. Austin Means, alias Meansy. Slender, light hair, silky in texture, eyes blue changing to gray after prolonged cigarette smoking. At present small, but probably will grow. Kenneth Halverson, alias T'en, alias Big Swede. Typical Swede. Hair white, eyes china blue, smile bashful but alluring. Does not take the initiative, but aids and abets every law-breaker who chances to come hs way. $25.00 offered for his arrest. Samuel Wadlcigh. alias Wad. alias Slim. Eyes blue, hair mousey. Generally sleepy before 8:30. and could be very easily captured then. One of his chief offenses is his habit of house breaking, which in connection with his “strong man” act (sec sideshow artists) makes him the most notorious of all the rogues. 0 FI3S LA TOURETTE. 'Pell me not in mournful numbers Of the times you c had the blues; Of the times you sc t for Somers To brighten up ♦hose somber hues. A telephone wiU take the message If you know where Fred will be; But if you don’t know, send a page To hunt him up. ai 1 get him. sec’ Our sympathies are with the girls. ho the hasty summons took; Joy. his banner now unfurls, As for him you sit and look! It were well for you to know That wherever Fred may stray. He will quickly come to you And will drive your blues away.The Iris ’09 131 132 The Iris '09 SENIOR BEAUTY CONTEST. Upper left corner: Upper right corner: Lower left corner: Lower right corner: Center: First Place: Second Place: Honorable Mention (Sec preceding page.) Ena Sumniclit. Anna Smith. Hazel Sheldon. Dan. P. Hughes. Albert S. Wells. Result of Contest. D. P. Hughes. Anna Smit h. A. S. Wells. Judges: Profs. Grey, Peake. Olson. H. J. Ninman’s Crushes. The length of duration of the crush varies inversely as the length of the line; the intensity of the crush varies directly as the width of the line. Elizabeth Schoepp H. J. Ninman Zelma Caesar H. J. Ninman Helen Singleton H. J. Ninman Celia Morrison H. J. NinmanThe Iris ’09 133 REPLY TO “WEEUNS." (1906). About fore years ago. u red. u kno. ()f a surtan Freshmun clas thatt wti .n't vurrv slo, Putt toar arround. an hadd a grate big time, An alwus new wlier they cood gett a dim. An went too awl the doins in the gym W en the lcctrc lites was burnin low an diiiiin. Wei. tliiss same clas is Seniors now. an so Weave hadd to quiet down an steady, tho Wee stil have lotts of fun up hear u bett. “An we gott moar of it a cumin yet." For when you get too teachin. I’ve herd tel. I' hav hole piles of lrunny. an can bee a swel. Put then, wee wont bee hadd. an bring down shame I'ponn the Normals britest closes name. You sea wee awl are so proudd of the clas "Of 1909. an what theyve brot too pas." Weave alwus bin the fourmost clas in skule. An tried hour bestt to banish every rool Thatt says wot u must knott or shal not doo. Wee never leave the gvmm til wee gett reddy too. An then the wa wee scared the lunior c’as! I gess they thot tlievre time hadd cum att last! We slid cm down a bord soe steap an slippery thatt When each wuii struck the Hoar his lied wentt thru his hatt. An thenn wee tuk cm imp too wlier Saint Petrc stood, (I tel u whatt. Wad plaid his partt reel good) An tryd too gett em inn. butt Wad said kno. Soe too the otthcr plas they hadd too goe. They sa sum of themm found the rode reel ruff: An thatt Fred Summers saved forr wunce lice hadd enuflf. An when wee reeched the lowr reggions. thair Satt Lawrentz Hill impon a grate big chare, With s'x gurlls carrvin pitch-forks longg an slimm ; An Xinman was thair to. too bring the Juniors inn. An Lawrentz maid themm ncal an tel tlievre sins an doo Whatever silly thing hec tolled themm too. An even Mr. Sechrist didn’t dare Too flunk uss this yere. for he promused thair, Uppon his nees. to pas uss awl. kno matter what befel. An even if wee never lerred too soel. O yes. u bett weave hadd a lott of fun An wee aint sorrv for a thing weave dun. For weave alwus ga- e in too our President. An wen slice sayed a sUnit must goe, it wentt. Our president is a lit»el gurll. u no. Shes smal an mitev stil. butt oh! U ot too sea how slice can mak things fly; An how she makes us. every feller, try To doo hour bestt too help the clas along.— W ee never doo a thing when Hazel sais its rong. Weave lerned a lott of things sinst wee cum hear An 1 think moast of itt has cum this year.134 The Iris '09 Weave lerned the life a Senior has too lede, An how to bluf wen Sandy has uss treed. Wee aint agoin too tel the Juniors, tho. Caws sutch things r unfitt for thernm too no. Weave lerned what Ferdinand an Isabellar did. An vvher to look for candy wen its hidd. Weave lerned the definition of a concept, to. An awl the stunts the Regents putt u thru. An thenn weave hadd retorcals, wunce or twise, An just tween you an mee thatt issnt vurry nice. Butt if mi nees just woodnt wobbel soe, 1 woodnt cair for eaven thatt. u noe. Wun time, the fal wen wee wus Elements The hole skool had a picknick, (all who hadd ten scuts') Of course hour clas awl wentt, and I gess we cult upp sum. An awl the people saved they wuz soe gladd wee cum. An thatt sam fall, wen itt wuz Halloween, (U ot oo sea the witches that wee scan.) Wee tended wee wuz Juniors, an we had soe mutch fun. 1 tel u we wuz sorry wen wee knew thatt stunt wuz dun. O. yes. weave hadd good times, an cutt upp. two. Butt I dont think were very hadd, do u? Were awl soe vv»de awaik an full of fun. u kno. Thatt wee cairn quiet down an bee soe slo; An somehow I dont think wee ever wil. An wher ' ec goc things cant bee vurrv stil. Thatts awl I hav to sa to u thiss year. Butt next vere u ar 'urty appt two here That were awl tcaclrn school, an every won Is work’ll hard, an rett’n somethin dun. Two wise men of Stevens Point went to sea in a boat.Th frb ’09 135 CUPID’S ROLL. “In the Spring: a young main’s fancy Lightly turns to thoughts of love." 0, S ludU- TY ( uitoU rn. ft. t- IHa iX £ YY'.osJi. ifi AArr'j XXtsy JAS' $jx AfUsy x. ftllL f b jUjsj rvyU ry - twu) joJsAActt _, n'x Ui CrCZr tma IMrfclusU- f Official reports not yet in. Cupid’s darts miscarried. Since the above roll w is made, it has been learned that Viola Wood i- now on Cupid's roll. I’rof. Hacon illustrates a shipyard for his History class, with the ollowing startling results:136 The Iris '09 A SHORT HISTORY OF ONE OF CUPID'S EXPERIENCES. I.ife is a set saw of ups and downs. I.ifc is a mixture of smiles ami frowns: But no need of worry, no need of friends. If love has tile middle and we have the ends.The Iris ’0 9 137 WE WANT TO KNOW Will Nina I’.. Cove always? Whoiv (l:cl Nellie Lynch? '. hen did Zehna Caesar? Who saw Marv(’s) Lyons in the park? Where was Ed. Fromm? Did MayCs) Colburn last night? When was Hazel’s Sheldon? Where were Georgia’s Barrows? Did you see Florence Stieler? If Viola Wood. At whom Mamie Ames. Is Phoebe Dunn? Is Grace Griffin? How Dan Hughes his way thru editorials. If Bessie is the Queen of the class. If Helen is a Singleton. If Milo Wood Coon Laura. What we would do if Fred were Somers else. If Marie is the only Thorne in the Junior Class. Is James Owen many debts? Is Charlotte a sly Fox? Is Julia Little? FLUNKER’S UNION. Pres. John Riley. 1st Vice-Pres. Austin Means. 2nd. Vice-Pres. Roy Ennor. Charter Members: Guy Roberts George Dumas Wilber V hitney Clarence Bisclioff Margaret Mason Clara Berens Mae Cartmill Genevieve Clifford Mascot Prof. Olson.138 The Iris ’09 Lksson I. Freshmen green room large See the room. It is a large, green room. Do you know who sits in this room ? Yes, the Freshmen sit in this green room. Lesson 2. Fred Leonard pony friends hoy Here is Fred Leonard and his pony, Caesar. They are very good friends. Caesar is a good pony. But Fred is a bad boy.The Iris '09 139 THE NORMAL LIBRARY. The Crisis ................ Miss Simplicity ........... The Man of the Hour........ King Dodo ................. 'I he Right of Way......... The Portion of Labor....... The Golden Fluff........... Every Inch a King.......... Only a Fiddler............. A Phantom Caravan.......... The Absentee............... 'file Celebrity ............. In the Checring-Up Business A Lover of Truth........... The Watchers .............. Little Women .............. t Flames .................... The Katzenjammer Kids............ The Call of the Wild............. Vanity Fair ..................... 'I'he Grafters .................. 'I'lie Drummer Boy............... Cats and Dogs.................... Carrots ......................... Jo's Boys......................... Little Shepherd of Kingdom Come The Seats of the Mighty........... Sentimental Tommy................ Little Men ...................... All Sorts and Conditions of Men.... The Silent Places................. ..Examination time. ...Mae Fuller. ..A. S. Wells. ..Henry Halverson. ..Agnes Bovington. ..The Freshmen. ..Inez Thompson. ..Prof. Culver. ..Ed. Reyer. ..Senior Standings. ..Guy Roberts. ..Amos Dawes. ..Mamie Ames. ..Prof. Olson. ..Misses Coffin and Peake. ..(Erma Xason Isabelle Cheasick. B. V. Christensen. .. E. Gcraldson. Max Walther. E. Whittaker. F. Ross. . B. Hill. R. Johnson. AYm. Dineen. Maron Mortiboys. (.Marion Meyers. .. True Hyland. .Herbert Klingbeil. . I ’hysiology I .aboratorv. (L. Hill B. Cauley . R. Kollock I. Thompson. (“Gim” Wilson. . “Micky” McDill. .Max Walther. .Cherrv-Tops. .“Tommy” Olson. (D. P. Hughes. . II. Halverson. .Stevens Point Normal. (Assembly Room. . Library. (Frances Baker. A Vivien Hamer. The Rivals• ' .1 140 The Iris 09 involution of a Senior.The Iris ’09 141 Historical Facts. Every class has a slider, A cribber, A sucker. A crammer, A dolittle, A sport. A blockhead. A dude. A rubberneck, Except the Senior class. CLASSIFIED ADS. Wanted. Wanted: Wanted: War ted: Wanted: Wanted: Magic inkstand always filled with red ink. Miss FitzGerald. "Buhkhaht's" History of the Renaissance. Charles Baldwin Bacon. Come back attachment on pens in Children's Library. Miss FitzGerald. An appropriation for a music hall, separate from the Normal. Everyone. Movable trolley for basketball, one end attached to basket. Senior Girls. For Sale. For Sa'e: Athletic Association tickets, a 50' , discount for season. 75" off for cash payment. J. Weinberger. For Sale: After June 19. Theses and Outlines in Psychology and History of Ed. Irdeterminable penmanslrp.—no need of recopying. Come early. Juniors, and avoid • he rush. ’ Seniors. For S Ic: After Jure 19. my reputation as a good student. It has carried me thru marv difficult situations, ai d saved much unnecessary eye-strain. E. L. C. Snmnicht. Invented. A way 'o keep all girls good-natured. Patent applied for. Fred Somers.The Iris '09 !4J BLUFFER’S UNION. Pres. Laurence Hill. Treas. John W'einbenrer. Bus. Mgr. E. A. Fromm. Herbert Steirer W’m. Dinccn Fred Somers Ed. Rever Charter Members: Hazel Sheldon Viola W ood Zclnia Caesar May Colburn. Main Rules: 1. No person shall be admitted to this union before he or she has taken at least one quarter in one of the following subjects: Economics Adv. Physiology Psychology Solid Geometry History of Education may be substituted for Psychology. 2. Xo member of this union shall take less than four studies, spend more than fifteen minutes each evening upon all of them, or refuse to respond to any question asked him or her in class. 3. All borrowing of manuscripts in History of Education or School Management must be thru the business manager. 4. Any member violating any of these rules shall be fined heavily and a second violation shall deprive him of the right of membership. Scene 1. Easter Catastrophe. Henry M. Halverson. Scene 2. Scene 3.The his '09 143 Inseparables. Mr. Bacon and his idears” and“bug-a-: ocs.” Seniors and their dignity. Plans and red ink. Girls and their Bulletin board and overdue books. Mr. Collins and his jokes. Wells and his high colar. Mr. Olson and his fair questions. Edward Fromm and his yellow shoes. Freshmen and their greenness. The Gold Dust Twins. See also “Cupid’s Column.”144 The his ’09 Iris readers will please note the resemblance between these pictures and the one on pane S.The Iris '09 145 We hope you’ve had And trust you won’t If in the lines which A little is on you. a jolly laugh, feel blue you have read Just try to take it pleasantly. For when you look about. You’ll see that you are honored more Than those who are left out.THE IRIS BOARD. The Iris ’09 147 IRIS BOARD ’09. Albert S. Wells. Editor. Elizabeth Schoepp. Assistant Editor. Mvra I'dcll, Literary Editor. Edward Reyer. Social Editor. Erma Nason. School Functions. Frank Calkins. Alumni May Colburn. Practice Della Hofer. Christina Gilbertson, Ella Langcnberg, Anna Smith. Ena Sumnicht. Eva Bernier. Hazel Sheldon. Viola Wood. Laurence 11 ill. Athletic B. V. Christensen, Max Walther. Frances Baker. Ellen Wheclock, Editor. Department. . Class Editors. }Art Committee. J 1 } it and Humor Editors. J Editor. -Business Managers. To Herman Ximnan the Iris Board is indebted for his assistance in proof reading. I C. (J. MACXISII CO. The “Only” Shoe Store 417 Main Street. Ask any Normalite. A. J. MASUCmSKl M. C. BERRY iflrrcfjant bailor Jfttit iHUtnerp A liirgc variety of Cloths to select from. Suits made to order on short notice. and HAIR Good toe PUBLIC SOU ABC 422 MAIN STREET. PORTRAIT STUDIO II. KUEPFER of Mrs. J. H. PERSON CLEANS AND PRESSES Ladies' and Gents Garments. Corner S rongs sltVHMf and Mi S rsrt. 218 StronK Avenue. TfUphonf Hfd W. L: Every Catalogue, Booklet, or in fact any kind of PRINTING sent out, is mentally commented upon by the receiver of the same. It creates some kind of an impression—either favorable or unfavorable. If unfavorable, it is an advertising opportunity needlessly wasted. The same postage that carried out the bad impression would have paid for a good one. We have been manufacturing high-grade Printing for a good many years. We number many of the largest users of printing among our regular customers. These firms do not experiment with their work, but give it to us knowing it will be promptly and properly executed. You Need New Ideas! Unless you want to lose your identity and be swamped by the cleverness of your competitors, you must get au)ay from the beaten path. Arouse your faculties. Open your eyes. Avoid the pitfalls of old methods, indifference and imitation. Send out booklets and printed matter that will make people talk of your house and decry the old saw that "there is nothing new under the sun." Make something new; or better still, seek the house that will make it for you. HUTTER BROS. Printers 417 MAIN STREET, STEVENS POINT, WISCONSIN 'IThe C. O. D. Store Always Reliable No rrust One Price to All Caters to the Normal Students’ Wants P. ROTHMAN. J. L. JI5NSKN Fancy and Staple Groceries Agent: Big Jo Flour, Chase Sanborn Teas and Coffees. 432 and 434 Main St. Tel. 44. DR. E. M. ROGERS Dentist Crown and Bridgework a specialty. Strongs Jlvenue. DRS. C. VON NEUPERT burgeons Offices over Citizens National Bank. N. F. OWEN. T. H. HANNA OWEN A: HANNA Attorneys and Counselors at Law. Offices over C. O. I). Store. Tel. 38 Stevens Point Dye Works Cleaning, Dyeing, Pressing, Repairing. Refitting Ladies’ and Gents’ Garments. Work Guaranteed R. C. KRIENKE. 117 S. Third St. Stevens Point Economy Store South Side News Depot. Wall Paper, Notions, Novelties, Cigars, Confectionery Telephone Red 257 1017 Division Street Chas. F. Hass, Prop. ,T. IVERSON DEALER IN Watches. Diamonds, Precious Stones, Jewelry, Sterling Silver, Novelties and Table Ware, Optical Goods. Opera Glasses, Fountain Pens, Fine China and Cut Glass, Guitars. Mandolins, and Musical Goods of all Kinds. Pianos. Organs and Sewing Machines sold on installments, or rented by the month. Fine Watch Repairing a specialty. 418 Main Street.+»- w J f —I ( ■" " " - — II IT— _ 11 palace of i§ toeets i « I ( t t Caterers to Parties and Banquets. Manufacturers of £rigfy (Srabe £ljocolates anb Son JBontf in Box or Bulk. ICE CREAM in Bulk cr Brick. i A $ i Between the two National Banks. A. A. HETZEL, PROP. Alex Krembs Jr. Drug Co. Phone Black 1371 439 Main Street RETON BROS. CO. Prescription Jewelers experts ::: Victor. Columbia, and Edison Talking Machines and Records. Musical Merchandise. Guns and Ammunition. REXALL REMEDY for every ache and pain. E. A. ARENBERG The Leading Comer Main and Strongs Avenue. Jeweler Fine Watch Repairing a specialty. Phone No. 27 447 Main St. Opp. P. O.The CONTINENTAL CLOTHING STORE CLOTHIERS :: I ailors:: mi Furnishers 1 jLIJjP Wi jp H e Guarantee a Correct Fit. The contixkniclothing s rr k .For Anything in the 1863. 1909. Drug Line CALL ON C. KREMBS BRO. TAYLOR BROS. General Hardware prescription druggists:: Keen K utter Shears nr.cl Scissors Gasoline Flat Irons Gillete Safety Raz-ors Percolators, Bread Mixers Phone No. 12. Heating and Ventilating. II. D. McCulloch Co. Pictures Frames Ltd. Stationery, Books and C. F. MARTIN CO. 114 Third Street School Supplies. photographers Cut Glass China Drawing Paper, Mounting Boards and Photographic Goods. Pianos Edison PhonographsState Normal School STEVENS POINT, WIS. Ideal Location: Readily Accessible: Beautiful Grounds: Modern Building: Complete Equipment. Three Advanced Courses, two years for HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES and OTHER competent students. Graduate studies in Science. Languages, Civics, and Pedagogy. Diploma cqi.iv..!e»t to LIFE STATE CERTIFICATE. Elementary Course, two years, for those holding certificates or pissing entrance examinations. Elementary Certificate equivalent to LIMITED STATE CERTIFICATE, for five years. Common School Course, one year, for special benefit of those who must teach soon. Preparatory Course, ten weeks only, giving preparation in all the common branches. These classes are taught in part by regular Normal teachers. or under their direct supervision. Selections of Studies permitted under favorable circumstances to teachers who cannot take at once a full course. New Classes organized four times each year in nearly every subject in the course of study, except Latin. German, and some advanced science studies. The quarters begin Aug. 26, Nov. 4, Jan. 27, April 13. Board and Lodging about 53 to S4 per week, all school charges about SI.25 per quarter (10 weeks). No tuition fees in Normal classes for those intending to teach. Tuition 65 cents per week or less in preparatory grades. Write for circulars, or BETTER STILL, ask definite questions about any part of the school work, and get an immediate personal reply. JOHN F. SIMS, STEVENS POINT. WIS.Printed by HUTTER BROS. Stecem Point, H'isconu'n. 


Suggestions in the University of Wisconsin Stevens Point - Horizon / Iris Yearbook (Stevens Point, WI) collection:

University of Wisconsin Stevens Point - Horizon / Iris Yearbook (Stevens Point, WI) online yearbook collection, 1906 Edition, Page 1

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University of Wisconsin Stevens Point - Horizon / Iris Yearbook (Stevens Point, WI) online yearbook collection, 1907 Edition, Page 1

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University of Wisconsin Stevens Point - Horizon / Iris Yearbook (Stevens Point, WI) online yearbook collection, 1908 Edition, Page 1

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University of Wisconsin Stevens Point - Horizon / Iris Yearbook (Stevens Point, WI) online yearbook collection, 1910 Edition, Page 1

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University of Wisconsin Stevens Point - Horizon / Iris Yearbook (Stevens Point, WI) online yearbook collection, 1911 Edition, Page 1

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University of Wisconsin Stevens Point - Horizon / Iris Yearbook (Stevens Point, WI) online yearbook collection, 1912 Edition, Page 1

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