University of Wisconsin Oshkosh - Quiver Yearbook (Oshkosh, WI)

 - Class of 1901

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University of Wisconsin Oshkosh - Quiver Yearbook (Oshkosh, WI) online yearbook collection, 1901 Edition, Cover

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Text from Pages 1 - 172 of the 1901 volume:

A Quiet Retreat.OSHKOSH State Normal School JUNE 1, 1901jd ±. 37 O-b Q6 I $01 . I I 1 f. J DEDICATION TO PROFESSOR ADOLPHUS H. SAGE. IN WHOM THE JUNIOR CLASS HAS ALWAYS FOUND A WARM FRIEND, A WISE COUNSELOR, AND AN IDEAL MODEL, THIS HOOK IS CRATEFULLY DEDICATED. Board ok Editors. Z 5 4-0.7 c; Se- tt - a 7 I Future Normalites. 8 Calendar 1900-1901. FIRST QUARTER. Entrance Examination Monday, August 27. School Organized Wednesday, August 29. SECOND QUARTER. Began Monday, November 5. Christmas Vacation from December 22 to January 2. THIRD QUARTER. Began Monday. January 28. Closed Friday, March 21. FOURTH QUARTER. Entrance Examination Monday, April 8. School Organized Tuesday, April 9. School Year Closes June 20. 1901-1902. School Year Begins Wednesday, August 28. Entrance Examinations Monday, August 26. 0WHEN an individual or an enterprise has attained a marked degree of success it is often profitable to examine into the reasons for the prosperity, and since the normal school system of the State of Wisconsin is considered to be among the best, if not the best in the United States, it may be advantageous to consider the causes, for in so doing, we shall trace the ancestry of our own school. The common school, which Edward Everett says, like the common air, and the common rain, and the common sunshine is invaluable for its commonness, has always been dear to the hearts of the American people; and in 1840, four years after the organization of Wisconsin as a territory, a memorial to congress was adopted, representing that the people were anxious to establish a common school system with suitable resources for its support;, and one of the most remarkable events in the history of our state is said to be the readiness with which the people adopted the free school system and put it into operation. As early as 1846 the normal school idea was agitating the people and in the constitutional convention held that year an amendment to Section 2 was introduced providing that until a university shall be established the net income of the university lands shall be appropriated to the support of normal schools. Though the amendment was lost it was of much significance in pointing out the trend of thought and two years later the normal school idea gained a foothold in the constitution of 1848 which specifies that a certain residue shall be appropriated to the support and maintenance of academies and normal schools. The idea continued to gain strength and in 1849 the regents of the State University established therein a normal department, and ordained that there should be established a normal professorship, and that it be the duty of the chair to render instruction in the art of teaching; and it was farther ordained that the chancellor of the university and the normal professor should form the faculty of this department, whose duty it should be to hold an annual session of at least five months, for the instruction of such young non as might avail themselves thereof with a view of teaching in the state. Here then is the parent of the system which now numbers seven schools, and a combined faculty of nearly two hundred trained men and women. Not until 1855 was a normal professor elected, and then the professor of the English department of the faculty of arts and sciences was chosen to fill the chair of normal instruction with a salary of $500 per annum. 10In 1857 the legislature originated the act known as “An act for the encouragement of academies and normal schools;" and in 1858 the state superintendent made reference to “Our Normal School System.” In the spring of 1863 the university took a new departure in the shape of a separate and tangible normal department, one object of which was to make a place for young women at the university. The training of teachers was also carried on in normal classes formed in academies and high schools. In 1864 the report of the normal regents includes among other things “Amounts appropriated to these classes.” The sum total is Si,080. This distribution was at the rate of S30 for each pupil passing the examination. The two schools receiving the highest sum were Allen’s Grove Academy and Beloit High School, each receiving S270, and the board remarks, "These amounts together with those received from the tuition of pupils ought surely to be a sufficient inducement for the establishment of good normal classes." A special examination was held for admission to these classes and no one was admitted who could not pass a creditable examination in reading, spelling, penmanship, grammar, geography, mental arithmetic and written arithmetic to proportion. It was also provided that the normal class should meet as a class every school day, and there must have been an actual attendance of sixty-five days in order to bring the pupil into the list of normal students to be reported to the board. Not until 1865 did the legislature enact a law providing for the establishment and support of distinctively normal schools, but the soil had been prepared and only one year after the act the first normal school was opened at Platteville and two years later in the spring of 1868 the school at Whitewater was opened and had it not been for the lack of funds the Oshkosh School would have been opened in 1870, as it was its doors were first opened September 12, 1871. The Oshkosh school opened with an attendance of forty-six pupils, but in 1875 the whole number enrolled was 323, of which 144 were men and 179 women. While in 1891 there were enrolled 193 men and 392 women. In 1849 provision was made for the instruction of men oniy, scarcely a third of a century later the women outnumbered the men two to one. The twentieth century girl has reason to rejoice because the eyes of the blind have been opened, and those high in authority have been led to see that the school mistress has a place in the system. In 1864 the state thought it had dealt generously with those who wished to fit for teaching when it paid out $30 per capita for their training, and the sum total was 81080. Eleven years later the cost of the Oshkosh Normal alone was 816,606.43 and as the enrollment for that year was 323. the cost for each pupil was something over 850, while in 1900 with an enrollment of 701 pupils and a total cost of $56,725.44, the cost to the state for each person enrolled was more than 870. “Let another man praise thee and not thine own lips" is ancient wisdom sometimes incorporated into modern practice, and judged by this-advice it may not be considered altogether out of place to know what history says of the normal school of Oshkosh. The “Columbian History of Education in Wisconsin” says: “The school at Oshkosh has been distinguished for its steady and rapid growth. Its influence upon the public schools throughout the state can hardly be estimated. The hundreds of young men and women who have been educated for the profession in this school have gi ’en ample proof of the wisdom of founding and supporting normal schools.” 11Board of Regents of Normal Schools. L. D. Harvey, State Superintendent, ex-officio, - • Madison Regents of Five Year Term. Z. B. Beach. ...... Whitewater G. E. McDili., ....... Stevens Point Regents of Four Year Term. A. E. Thompson, .... . - Oshkosh F. H. Lord, ...... River Falls Regents of Three Year Term. J. Q Emery, ... - - Albion C. L., ...... LaCrosse • Regents of Two Year Term. Gustav Woli.aegbr, ...... Milwaukee Thos. Jenkins, Jr., - . - - - - Platteville Regent of One Year Term. F. A Ross, - • • - • West Superior Officers of the Board. F. A. Ross, C. L., S. S. Rockwood, James O. Davidson, ex-officio. Visiting Committee 1901. O. J. Schuster, Chairman, • - Ntenah Caroline Hendrickson, • - - Whitewater Superintendent F. B. Dell, ■ • Black River Falls Committee on Graduating Classes. Regents Emery, Harvey, Ross, Jenkins and McDii.l. President Vice-President Secretary Treasurer 13f President Halsey. 14Faculty. Rufus H. Halsey, President Williams College, School Supervision. Rose C. Swart—University of Wisconsin, Inspector of Practice Teaching. Emily F. Wf.hster—Oshkosh Normal. Mathematics. Lvdon W. Briggs, Treasurer, Civics, Penmanship. Hakkiki E. Clark—Oshkosh Normal, Boston School of Oratory. Voice Culture, Elocution. Mary E. Apthorp- Iowa College, Latin. Harriet Cecil Magee— Mt. Holyoke College, Drawing, Social Culture. Walter C. Hewitt — Michigan Normal, Conductor of Institutes, School Economy. Josephine Henderson —Allegheny College, Composition, Rhetoric. Adolphus H. Sage—Cornell University, Physics. Henry N. Goddard—University of Michigan, Chemistry. Lillian G. Kimball, English Language. Frederick R. Clow Harvard University, History. Political Economy. History of Education. Ellen F. Peake University of New Brunswick, English Literature, Library Readings. Bf.nj. Mack Dresden—Wooster University, Oshkosh Normal. German. Grace Heward—Potsdam Normal and Conservatory of Music, Vocal Music. Harry R. Fling—University of Chicago, Biology. Frank E. Mitchel—University of Indiana, Geography, Geology. l 5Faculty. Frances D. Guion — Elmira College, Cornell University, Reading, Associate in Elocution. Katherine S. Alvord - University of Michigan, Associate in History and Latin. James E. Lough—Miami University, Harvard University, Psychology and Pedagogy. Edna Carter—Yassar College, Oshkosh Normal, Associate in Mathematics and Physics. William R. Blair—Kansas Normal, Associate in Mathematics. A dime C. Pond—Colorossi Academy, Paris. Associate in Drawing. August W. Trf.ttien—Oshkosh Normal, University of Wisconsin, Cook University, Director of Observation and Method. Frances L. Strong—St. Paul Teacher’s Training School, Associate Inspector of Practice Teaching and Associate in Pedagogy. Sussane A. Look—Boston Normal School of Gymnastics, Director of Gymnasium and Lecturer on Hygiene. Jennie G. Marvin—Oshkosh Normal, Principal and Critic, Grammar Grades. Frances Isabel Davenport Cortland Normal and Cornell University, Assistant in Grammar Grades. Adelaide M. Parsons - Plattsburg Normal, Teacher and Critic, Intermediate Grades. Alfaretta Haskell Oshkosh Normal, Teacher and Critic, Second Primary Grades. Jennie Williams - University of Michigan, Teacher and Critic, Primary Grades. Ella G. Parmele— Pratt Institute Library School, Librarian. Clara E. Marvin —Oshkosh Business College, Stenographer, Secretary. 10The Faculty. •_________ i i i i i 18History of the Class of 1901 President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer, David K. Alien Alta Lewis Nina R. Bakbkk Louis C. Arps Class F low e r—Marguerite. Mono—Man is Equal to Every Event. THE Class of ’oi as leaders of the century have judged it only right and proper to attempt to live up to the spirit of the time, and have sought always to follow the tenets and principles of the twentieth century, that is to be original and progressive. But our efforts along these lines have not always been successful or appreciated, unfortunately, in fact we have sometimes brought upon ourselves the criticism and ridicule of our fellow-students. Still, at the close of our career in the Normal, we venture to hope that we have made our personality felt, and that if classes of the future reap what we have sown, it has not been vain striving on our part. As Seniors we are fortunate in having a remarkable president, whose watchful, paternal care for our interests we acknowledge gratefully. It is his privilege to have been the first as well as the last president of our illustrious class, so his opportunities for judging its progress are unequalled. Our patron saint and guardian angel has been Professor Briggs. He is most regular in paying his dues and more regular in attendance at class meetings than many of the members and bis advice and help has been invaluable to us in all our difficulties, financial and factious. There are a few members of this class who are not able to recall their entrance and matriculation in this institution. They have a dim idea, or their mothers have told them, that it was away back in the eighties when they first trod Normal paths. As a Junior Class it may be remembered we were inclined to be hot-headed, even a little belligerent perhaps. We had a decided contempt for established tradition and an aversion to grand marches and hippy-ti-hops. But the proper amount of Faculty cold water quenched and chilled our enthusiasm and zeal for radical reform, so as Seniors we have been more conservative in our demands. There is a reform, though, which we carried through and take the entire credit for, that is the inauguration of the “escort system” which was put into effect at the Senior reception to the Juniors last fall. In the past it had been the custom for the girls, who wished to attend any social function at the school, to gather in squads, armed with hat-pins to ward off attack, and thus organized proceed to the building. Tfie Seniors however put an end to this by sending to each young man in the Junior and Senior classes the names of the young ladies he was expected to escort and protect for the evening of the reception. Whether or not our example will be followed by succeeding classes will be seen. At any rate we believe the plan to be admirable. 1 oAnother affair under the patronage of the Seniors, or at least a part of them, was a raid on the Junior party. The raiders do not lay claim to originating this idea—they believe it has been used with success in various schools and colleges of the country. They succeeded in finding the refreshments for the party, and made way with seventeen sandwiches and three pumpkin pies. The Juniors were entirely unaware of the presence of the raiders, though they endeavored to make themselves heard, but their levity and hilarity drew upon them the eyes of the Faculty and the Senior raid became the principal topic of conversation. The raiders were labored with singly and in groups, and they now understand not the folly and recklessness but the wickedness of their deed. It is still a question whether the unfortunates will ever be able to live down this mad escapade, but it is hoped in the course of time they will be allowed to forget it. Little has been said of the abilities of this wonderful class of 'oi, but we are accomplished along all lines. Onr literary ability speaks for itself when we announce that last year, when we edited The Quiver, we were left with some sixty volumes on our hands, which are now selling at forty cents (original price, one dollar). Indeed, our enemies say our greatest ability lies in contracting debts, but we protest—we have still a greater, that of liquidating them; and to them we quote our class motto, “Man is equal to every event." 20 IRoman numeral indicate Senior croup in which appear picture ol tlw students Vina M Cowan, Bozeman, Montana. “Hospita c terra longinqua.” High School graduate. Member of Alethean. Lulu Daum, Oshkosh. Wis. "Semper eadem.” High School graduate. Sarah Fclker, Oshkosh. Wis. “Puella faccta. ct ccrcbro et digito lab irat.” High School graduate. Assistant Editor of Ouivkk 1901. Louis C. Hanquet, Oconto, Wis. Ill, n. “Parvus sed poten " President of Glee Club 1901. President board of artists for Quivkr 1900. President board of artists for Advance 1901. Librarian of Art Loan Club. Vice-President of Lyceum. Male Chorus. Glee Club. Ethel Hurn, Oshkosh, Wis. IV, 3. “Tecum aves cantu ncquiquam contendunt ” Member of Alethean. Margaret MacMartin, Escanaba, Mich. IV. t. “Nihil praeter morem facit.” High School graduate. Lillian Pause, Oshkosh, Wis. Ill, 4. “yuodcumque ilia pretat Sententiam numquatn eclat." High School graduate. Lillias Pew, Oshkosh, Wis. V, 6. "Nc cc.sset neu moretur Latine inox loquetur." High School graduate. Flora Richards, Iron wood, Mich. V, 12. “Unam deam habemus 111 am Floram dicemus" High School graduate. Member of Alethean Walter W. Stewart, Seymour, Wis. IV, 5. “Olympicis honoribus lactatur.” Member of Phoenix. Addie B. Stronach, Marinette, Wis. Ill, 12. “yuieta studiosa numquam periculosa.” High School graduate. Member of Lyceum. Member of Y. W. C. A. 2 1Charles N. Abbott, Ogdensburg, Wis. II, n. “Wie Palstaff einst, dick im Leib, nicht duenn im Kopf ” Member of Philakean. Member of Mate Chorus. Member of Glee Club. Member of German Circle. Nina R. Barber, Oshkosh, Wis. “Den Feenhaenden glcich, das Haus in Ordnung briugt Und segenrcich ist sic.” Secretary of Class of ’01. Member of Phu-nix. Helen E. Becker, Wausau, Wis. V, 2. “Wie’s Maeuschcn fein. So still, so klein." High School graduate. Matilda Bodden, Oshkosh. Wis. V, 1. “Kin frischer Hcldcnmut ist ueber alle Schactze." Member of German Circle. Sixty-two months exi»erience in teaching Amanda M. Bodden, Oshkosh, Wis. II, 7. “Dem Fricdlichen gcwaehrt man gern den Fricden." Critic of German Club. Sixteen months experience in teaching. Nellie Bullard, Chippewa Falls, Wis. I, 8. “O koennt ich einmal los Von all dem Mcnschentreibcn.” President of Lyceum. Seven months experience in teaching. Clara Damuth, Oshkosh, Wis. IV, 8. “Die schnellen Herrschcr sind's, die kurz regieren.” High School graduate. Nellie Eaton, Menasha, Wis. II, 9. “Alten Freund fuer neuen wandcln. Hciszt fuer Frucchte Hlumen handeln.” Margaret Edgerton, Beaver Dam, Wis. IV, 9. “Alle Frauen sprechcn woht vicl: sie aber spricht mit gesalbtcr Zunge Member of Lyceum. Alice E. Floetcr, Menominee, Mich. “Mein Herz cleicht ganz dem Mcere, Hat Sturm, und Ebb und Flut." Annie T. Follett. Oshkosh, Wis. “Viel gereist. voll Geist. 23Max Gocres, Kiel, Wis. II, 4. “Noch cine kurze Zeit. und seine Stimine vrird im Land crschallen." Member of Phoenix. Member of Athletic Association. Member of German Circle. Male Chorus. Margaret Hogan, Green Bay, Wis. II, 3. “Stille Waaaer sind tief—ob wohl das hicr auch passt?” Member of Phoenix. Mary Kieni, Hartford, Wis. II, to. “Mchr als das Lcben lieb ich meine Frciheit." President of Browning Club. Member of German Circle. Seventy-four months experience in teaching. Benjamin Leith, Kirkwood, Wis. Ill, 14. • Mit Apollo's Hand fuchrt er die Musick zur bestimmten Stellc." President of Glee Club 1898. Treasurer of Phoenix. President of Phoenix. leader of Normal Orchestra 1900 and 1901. Seventeen months experience in teaching. Alta Lewis. Oshkosh, Wis. II, 1. “Sic gcht. und in Macnnerhcrzcn bleibt tinst’re Tracer nur zurueck.” High School graduate. Vice-President of Senior Class. Member of QOIVRR staff 1900. Member of sldvance staff 1901. Class Poet 01. Edgar A. Loew, Plat, Wis. I, 1. ‘ 0 zartc Sehnsucht. sueszes Holfen I er ersten Liebc goldne Zcit.” Member of Phoenix. Ivy Orator. Lawson Lurvey, Oakfield, Wis. "Die treue Brust dcs braven Manncs its ein sturmfestes Dach." President of Philakean. Manager of Football team 1900. Mildred McComb, Brillion, Wis. I, 2. "Schamhafte Dcmut is die Rcize der Frau.” High School graduate. Member of German Circle. Glee Club. Minna Meyer, Cedarburg, Wis. I, 12. “In Gestalt und Achtung gleich hoch " President of Alethcan. Member of German Circle. Forty-five months experience in teaching. Anton Minsart, Green Bay, Wis. Ill, 9. “Der Man moss hinaus ins fcindlichc Leben." President of Male Chorus. President of Self-Government System. Secretary and Treasurer of Philakean. Member of Browning Club. Member of German Circle. Glee Club. Male Chorus. Forty nine months experience in teaching. Matie Mitchell, Oshkosh, Wis. “Ich singe wie dcr Vogel singt. Der in den Zwcigcn wohnt: Das Lied, das aus dcr Kchlc dringt, 1st Lohn. dcr reichlich lohnet." High School graduate. Jennie Oxholm, Oshkosh, Wis. V, 9. “Ich thue recht und schcuc keinen Feind.” High School graduate. Aura E. Powers, Oshkosh, Wis. II, 5. “Du hast dich schr in diese Wisscnschaft vertieft." Member of German Circle. Member of Y. W. C. A. 2626Alvina Rodenbacck, New Holstein, Wis. IV, 6. “Unvcrzcihlich find ich den Lcichtsinn, doch liegt er im Mcnschen.” President of German Society. President of Alethean. Secretary of Bird and Camera Club. Sixty-seven months experience in teaching. Maud Rogers, Markesan, Wis. V, 4. “In Wortcn nichts, In Wcrkcn vicl.” Member of Lyceum. Three years experience in teaching. Jesse Savage, Oshkosh, Wis IV, 10. “Das ewig Weibliche zieht uns hinaus.” High School graduate. Member of Alethean. J. Fred Schwartz, Brillion, Wis. “Kin Kuenstler auf der Buehne. wean ihm auch der Schnurrbart faellt." Member of Lyceum. Member of German society. Julia Servaty, Neiilsville, Wis. Ill, 10. “Trcu' Gemuet und treue Hand Wandeln durch das ganze Land.” Secretary of Oratorical Association. Member of German Circle. Sylvia Spaulding, Clintonville, Wis. IV, 4. "Verplaudcrn ist schaedlich, vcrschwcigcn ist gut." Member of Lyceum. Member of Y. W. C. A. Grace Verwey, Appleton, Wis. I, 5. “O Weishcit, du red’st we cine Taubc." George Walter, Berlin, Wis. II, 13. “Er cin Jucngling nacher dera Mannc." Member of Philakean. Male Chorus. Glee Club. Kate Williamson, Oshkosh, Wis. 1, 9. “Gcfachrlich ist’a den “t.oew" zu weeken." High School graduate. Glee Club. Assistant editor of “Quiver" I XX). Julia Wittlin, Appleton. Wis. V, 13. “Der Macnner Stimm crschallt in der guten Hcimat drausz. Wie zieht's mich an!" High School graduate. Member of Alethean. 27 Plate IV. 28D. K. Allen, Allcnville, Wis. I, 14. •‘The rule of many is not well. One must be chief in war and one the kin .’ President of the Senior Class. President of the Self-Government System. Member of Lyceum. Member of Glee Club. Member of Male Chorus. Member of Phoenix-Lyccum debate teams 1900 and 1901. Second place in Oratorical Contest 1901. Guy Armstrong, Green Bay Wis. Ill, 3. ••To that dry drudging at the desk'sdead wood.” High School graduate. Eighteen months experience in teaching. L. C. Arps, New Holstein, Wis. 1, 3. “Hid me discourse. I will enchant thine car. Or, like a fairy, trip upon the green.” High School graduate. Member of Phoenix. Member of Advance staff 1901. Member of Inter-State debate team 1901. Guy A. Benedict, Oshkosh, Wis. I, 15. “Thou villain base! Knowcst thou not me by my clothes?” Member of Philakean. Member of Male Chorus. Peace pipe orator. Mabel Bly, Brandon, Wis. “To be trusted is a greater compliment than to be loved.” Fifty months experience in teaching. Teresa Brennan, Pond du Lac, Wis. V, 14. “A perfect woman, nobly planned To warn, to comfort and command." High School graduate. Member of Plm-nix. Grace Carlisle, Green Bay, Wis. V, 10. "Mv life upon her faith." Addie Connor, Watertown, Wis. II. 8. “Let me have audience for a word or two." High School graduate. Member of Lyceum. Eighteen months experience in teaching. James D. Cowgill, Doyleston, Wis. Ill, 6. "Whatever is worth doing at all is worth doing well.” President of Ph«enix 1901. Vice-President of Inter-Normal Oratorical League. Alumni editor of Advance 1901. Thirty months experience in teaching. 2030( Edward J. Dempsey, Mooches, Wis. Ill, 7. “I conic from haunts of coot and hern.” President of Phoenix 1901. Editor-in-Chief of Advance 1901. President Elementary Class 1900. Assistant Business Manager of Advance 1900. Assistant manager of Quivkr 1899. Member of Inter-State Debate team 1900. Leader on Inter-State Debate team 1901. Twenty-nine months experience in teaching. Emma L. Gormican, Fond du Lac, Wis. V, 3. "And now my task is smoothly done. I can fly or I can run." William DcKclvcr, Amburg. Wis. Ill, 5. "A pound of pluck is worth more than a ton of luck.” Member of Lyceum. President of Junior Class 1900. Times correspondent. Business manager of Advance 1901. Member of Lyccum-Phwnix Debate team 1900. Meml»er of Inter-State Debate team 1901. Elizabeth A. Green, Appleton, Wis. I, 2. "Society is as ancient as the world." Member of Alethean. President of Art Loan Club. Elizabeth Hamilton, Neptune, Wis. V, 5. "God from a beautiful necessity is God." High School graduate. Member of Y. W. C. A. Seventeen months experience in teaching. Fred R. Hamilton, Neptune, Wis. "The ladies call him sweet. The stairs he tread on kiss his feet." High School graduate. President of Philakean. Manager of Basket-Ball team 1901. Editor of QuiVBR 1900. Elizabeth C. Hansen, Green Bay, Wis. I. 9. "1 do not like this fooling." Member of Lyceum. High School graduate. President of Y. W. C. A. President of Glee Club. Member of Phcenix-Lyccum Debate team 1901. Marie C. Hansen, Green Bay, Wis. "Plain truth needs no flowers of speech." Eva E. Hatch, Sturgeon Bay, Wis. II, 6. "Her smile was like a rainbow flashing from a misty sky " Member of Lyceum. Member of Browning Club. Seven months experience in teaching. Guy D. Howlett, Oshkosh, Wis. V. 8. "And when a lady’s in the case, You know all other things give place.” Member of Phoenix. Qoivkr artist 1900. Nellie B. Jones, Sparta, Wis. II. 2. "Of all tne girls that e’er was seen there was none so fine as Nellie." Member of Alethean. Member of Y. W. C. A. Six months experience in teaching. O. J. Kauffmann, Pittsville, Wis. I, 13. "He was a scholar, and a ripe and good one." High School graduate. President of Phoenix. President of Oratorical Association. President of Council 1901. Junior Orator 1900. May F. Kelley, Juneau, Wis. I, 4. ‘•The glass of fashion and the mould of form. The observed of all observers." Member of Phu-nix. Member of Phoonix-Lyceum Debate team 1900 31Stanley Grant Logan, Appleton, Wis. V, 7. “What’a in a name?” Entered from Lawrence University. Lucile Long, Kaukanna, Wis. IV, 7. ••Whilst that the childe is young, let him be instructed in virtue lytteraturc.” President of Alethcan. Estella B. McFadden, Oconto, Wis. "Hear me, for I will speak.” Ellen L. Minahan, Green Bay, Wis. Ill, 1. “My tongue within my lips 1 reign. For he who talks much must talk in vain.” Member of Phoenix. Eleven years experience in teaching. Nellie C. Morrisey, Oconto, Wis. “Report me in my cause aright to the unsatisfied.” George B. Mortimer, Chilton, Wis. II, 14. “I know a hawk from a hand-saw.” Member of Philakean. Harriet A. Oertel, Waupaca, Wis. Ill, 8. “The lover of letters loves power too. Eighty months experience in teaching. Dorothy O. Shipman, Oshkosh, Wis. IV, 11. “Flowers are lovely, love is flower-like.” Florence G. Smith, Oshkosh, Wis. I, 7. “To brisk notes in cadence beating Glance their many twinkling feet." Member of Phoenix. Alice Strong, Chippewa Falls, Wis. V, 2. “Hard features every bungler can command. To draw true beauty shows a master’s hand.” Secretary of Ph« -nix. Librarian of Art Loan Club. Seven months experience in teaching. Nettie Vibber, Kewaunee, Wis. I, 10. "Sincerity is the way to heaven.” High School graduate. Member of Alethcan. Member of German Circle. Member of Y. W. C. A. Member of Browning Club. Secretary of Glee Club. Grace B. Washburn, Florence, Wis. IV, 12. “Who hath not owned with rapture smitten fame. The power of Grace, the magic of the name.” Member of Lyceum. Thirty-eight months experience in teaching. Florence B. Whitney, Tomahawk, Wis. Ill, 13. Silence when nothing need be said is the eloquence of discretion.” Member of Phoenix. Three years cxj erience in teaching. Elizabeth Winn, Richland Center, Wis. II, 12. “Our holy lives must win a new world's crown.” Member of Y. W. C. A. Twenty months experience in teaching. 32The Class of 1901 We honor our worthy Seniors! They’ve filled their places right well, And how we are going to miss then) No mortal tongue can tell Ah, no. I’m not given to flattery— The truth I can’t dodge just now, For they’ve worked their way like heroes And this year make their final how. They are leaving their Alma Mater With a record bright as day — We hope the same fortune will brighten Their paths all the rest of the way. As a class they've upheld their colors And kept them well toward the skies, Tho’ sonic broke the record -’tis shameful — By stealing the Junior’s pies. They met their practice like majors And counted these trials their joys, But some we are sorry to mention Must spoon with the Junior boys. But this we will not count against them For girls will be girls you know, And ten years from now, if you ask them, They will have forgotten, I trow. For two noble Seniors, need 1 say it? We’ve had more than a little respect, For Minsart and Allen, dear people, Their duty did not neglect. But kept the halls and the stairways Well under their watchful care, And if any were there out of order Such an hour with the council might share. They’re a talented people, these Seniors, Just glance at their ranks; there as factors You’ll find Abbotts and Barbers and poets, Prima donnas, politicians, and actors; And orators too, without number, Concert players and artists of note; That this class is deserving of honors, Each one in the Normal can vote. 33Their teachers have loved them yes, truly. For they shone bright as suns in their course; But there are others coming, whose papers The teachers may also endorse. Dear Seniors, when you leave Oshkosh Normal, Don't think the world’s best lies in you For that thought can hold only a year. Hark! Then Bkwakk of the Stars, Nineteen Two! But the hour of parting is near Time will not stay in his flight — And while you have teased and tormented, Yet there is not a hatchet in sight. You are leaving for new fields of duty In which there is much to be done; May rich blessings and many successes Fall to each in the class, N intern Onk! E. N. F. 34 Junior Class Officers. President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, Kent Morgan Arthur W. Hooton Katherine V. Burns Joseph P. Goebel Motto: Excellence or Nothing. Colors: Yale Blue. 361 Junior ClassListen, my friends, and you shall hear Of the Junior Class you hold so dear, i Whose fame is spread both far and near Throughout the land. The Atlas of the school, we stand, Shouldering its burdens; on every hand We are building up a record grand, To leave behind. No haughty tyrant, on his throne Could thwart, with mortal aid alone, The magic power of Cavanaugh’s tone And eloquence. And hearing, though in deep despair, Miss Bovee's wit, he’d lose all care, And for his work again prepare, With happy heart. We’ve also shown a Dent for art, For Sleeker and Todd have done their part. And may their glory ne’er depart, Though we must go. And Keuther, Morgan and Gallagher Have surely made a splendid score, Our Normal’s glory to restore, In our debate. 37Now, friends, we would not have you rate This class as quite disconsolate Because we show ourselves sedate And dignified. And, so that you may not deride Our efforts jolliness to hide, The cause we will to you confide. And let you judge. The Seniors were the model class Looked up to by the greater mass Of students, but no more, alas, Are they our star. For Seniors only mortal are, And so it is not singular That they could not temptation bear, But stole the pies. No more can they as models stand. The sceptre’s taken from their hand. Not worthy of their calling grand, They've lost it now. Next year will we be Seniors wise, Whate’er we do, we'll steal no pies, But walk, before all students' eyes. A pattern class. Rita Piatt. 38I J n I » SOPHOMOBCCMSS V » Sophomore Class.Sophomore Class 1901. } Geo. L. Goff. .... President John Gauerkr, • - - Vice-President Olive Abbott, .... Secretary Bertha Hewitt, - - • Treasurer I Contrary to the usual run of Sophomore Classes ours of 'ot has distinguished itself by its modesty. So modest are its members as to make it impossible to show to the public the notable things which have been done by the class. Not only is it impossible to learn from a member of the class what he has done to distinguish himself, but it is equally impossible to learn from him what his classmates have done. The one event of the year which really seems worthy of a place here is the class party. This certainly deserves to be mentioned, ft was a literary as well as a social treat. On account of failure, on the part of some of our superiors, to abide by the rules of the school on a previous occasion, we were obliged to crowd our entertainment into the short space of two hours. We found, as you all have, undoubtedly, that it is impossible to get that which requires four hours into two. This, however proved a blessing rather than a curse, for the Faculty came to our rescue and no class can boast ot being more royally served than were we on that, ‘•our night.” Because we boast of but one great event does not mean that the class is commonplace; on the other hand, it realizes its position in the school and has not tried to place itself above the Juniors and Seniors. Our energy has not been wasted in gush but has been stored away as reserve energy. Though we have seemingly failed to distinguish ourselves during the two years, you have but to wait a year to see how this reserve force has been accumulating. In the coming year we shall surpass all records of previous Juniors. We warn you to be prepared to welcome then, the largest, strongest and most accomplished Junior Class the school has ever known ■A, 4 1The Class of 1904. President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, C ifls. I. H7 Kasten Annie S. Dan forth Glen La Prairie Colors: Pink and White. Yell: Zip! rah! zip rah! 2ip! rah! roar! We're the class of nineteen four. Class of 1904The Shorter Catechism Composed by the Reverend Assembly of Freshmen at Oshkosh Normal With Proofs thereof out of their History. Question. Who are the Freshmen? Answer. The Freshmen are a class of up to date, wide awake, and energetic young men and women; the largest class in the school, and the first class in the twentieth century. Q. Are there more Freshman classes than one? A. There is but one only, the true and conspicuous class? Q. How many persons are there in the Freshman Class? A. There are one hundred fifty persons in the Freshman Class, and these one hundred fifty are one class, the honor and glory of the Oshkosh State Normal School. Q. What is the Decree of the Freshman Class? A. The Decree of the Freshman Class is, by its eternal Purpose, according to the counsel of its will, and for its own glory, to overcome all obstacles in its way. Q. How doth the Freshman Class execute its Decree? A. The Freshman Class executeth its Decree by works of Revolution and Mercy. Q. What is the work of Revolution? A. The work of Revolution is the making of a complete change in old customs. Q. How did the Freshman Class revolutionize the form of reception? A. The Freshman Class, by the word of its power, changed the old form of reception to one in which the various tribes assembled together and extolled their numerous virtues. Q. What special act of Mercy did the Freshmen Class exercise toward the ball teams? A. When the ball teams were organized they gave them such men as Miller, Lawrence, Dille and Jones upon condition of “No Failure." Q. How did the ball teams live up to this condition? A. The ball teams lived up to this condition by winning brilliant victories. Q. What doth the Freshman Class command its members to do? A. The Freshman Class doth command its members to look not only upon their past glories, but upon the future, remembering that each is required the preserving of the class Honor, and the performing of the duties belonging to every one in their several Places and Relations, as Superiors, Inferiors or Equals; and that no Omission or careless Performance of the duties required, and the disgracing of the class by idleness, or the doing of that which is not becoming of a member of this class, is permissible. Q. What is the Reason annexed to this commandment? A. The reason annexed to this commandment is a promise of long Life and Prosperity (as far as it shall serve for the glory of the class and for their good) to all such as keep this commandment. a. s. I). 4 6Scene from the Fairies Dance, Midsummer Night's Dream. «Ninth Grade Graduating Class. The class promoted to the Normal department in April from the grammar room is one of unusual power. Throughout its course in the grades it was noted for the excellence of its work and example. It was always eagerly sought for by practice teachers, and never did one fail to express himself as happy while instructing this class. The director of observation always sent large numbers of observers to witness the work of this ideal grade. In October of this year a Shakespeare Club was organized to help the class in the preparation of their graduating program. Some thoroughly good work was done throughout the year, and it is the intention to continue the club, as an aid to the literary and rhetorical work of the class in the Normal. On Valentine's Day this class was entertained by the other grades with a sleigh ride and banquet. At this time they were given an opportunity to see themselves as others see them. Toasts were responded to as follows: “Ninth Grade as Primaries” —Miss Haskell. “Ninth Grade as Models”—Rose Heymann. “Ninth Grade as Historians"—Mr. Hamilton. “Ninth Grade as Gymnasts"—Miss Look. “Ninth Grade as Viewed by the Supervisor—Miss Swart. We quote a little from Miss Swart’s toast which is typical in spirit of the others given. “Through all the years 1 have watched this grade; they have been courteous, dignified, scholarly and best of all reliable. Their heads and hands have done good work, and they have been honest and true. Life is sometimes called a school. I could not wish the boys and girls of the ninth grade a better wish than that they may carry through the school of life the same characteristics they have borne in the nine years in the model department. I propose this toast to them. May they always be what they always have been, worthy of confidence, modest concerning their own merits, happy hearted, kind and true.” This class has already identified itself thoroughly with the spirit of the Normal department. Its scholarly work is an evidence. In action it is humble and ready to do freshman service as was proved on the day of the ball game between the Faculty and Seniors when this class prepared pop corn, lemonade, fudges and sold them to swell the treasury of the Athletic Association, and drown the grief of the ladies of the Faculty as they watched, from the grand stand, their worthy brothers go down in the gloom of defeat. Truly this class, with its scholarship and spirit of devotion to right has a future before it. 47Scenes from Grammar Graduating Exercises.60 1 I I 1 I I t 1 f IAlumni. Four hundred ninety-two graduates from the Full Course and five hundred eighteen graduates from the Elementary Course—truly this is a noble roll of membership of the Oshkosh Normal Alumni Association. It took twenty-six years to obtain this number of graduates. If we could only listen to the tale of sacrifice, of labor, of triumphs won—what a tale it would be. The country boy who came from his father’s farm and by slow degree ascended the ladder of learning and teaching skill, has become the President of a University, the Judge, the Physician,'the Principal of a High School, or noblest task of all, the Teacher of the District School The girl left her mother’s kitchen, where she had learned to cater to physical appetite and has become an expert in the art of providing for the satisfying of the mental and spiritual appetite. Thus read the record of our Alumni. The Oshkosh Normal School has always been great in purpose, great in earnestness, great in results, but greatest of all in character. Its graduates show full well how nobly the school’s ideals have been implanted in its graduates and by them transmitted to the boys and girls in the state. The lives of Wisconsin’s children have been made better, brighter, sweeter oy the cheerful labors of our Alumni. But the thoughts of Oshkosh’s children often turn back to their Alma Mater. Memories of by-gone days crowd upon us; often the tear comes unbidden to our eyes—a tear for departed teachers, for departed alumni, for the departed joys of our school life. Grim Old Time has had full sway; many are the changes, both in building and in men. Yet we are inspired to nobler ideals, to renewed thought, to greater action. The annual infusion of new blood into this association brightens all, wears off the rust of years and cheers us on for the work of the future. Did I hear you say we have left school so long ago that we have grown old and maudlin? “ We’re boys, always playing with torgue or with pen; And I sometimes have asked, shall we ever be went Shall we always be youthful, and laughing, and gay, ’Till the last dear companion drops smiling away? Then here’s to our boyhood, its gold and its gray! The stars of its winter, the dews of its May! And when we have done with our life lasting toys. Dear Father, take care of thy children.” Tiik Alumni of the Oshkosh Normal School. Miss Harriet E. Clark. M iss Clark received her early education in the country schools of the Green Mountain State. She attended these for a time and then entered the St. Johnsbury Academy. On removing to Wisconsin. Miss Clark finished the course in the High School at Trempealeau. Soon afterward she entered the Oshkosh Normal School, graduating three years later with the class of ’75. Miss Clark remained one year longer, however, to do some post graduate work together with some teaching in the Normal department. The next year, Miss Clark was engaged to teach mathematics as first assistant in the High School at La Crosse. She remained but one year, after which she went to Boston to take a course in the Boston School of Oratory, completing the work in three years. 51A few weeks after graduating from the Boston school she was engaged to return to her Alma Mater and take charge of the Department of Reading and Elocution. Here she has since remained, pursuing her chosen profession without other interruption than that of the regular vacations. During the summer vacation of ’97 Miss Clark made a tour of Great Britain and Ireland; and in 1899 she visited California, Oregon, Washington and the National Park. Miss Jennie G. Marvin. Miss Marvin received her start on the royal road to knowledge in the Randolph village school. Later she spent some time in the Fox Lake Downer College. She then entered upon the first year of her course in the Oshkosh Normal School. She spent four years in the course, graduating with the class of ’88. While attending school here Miss Marvin was engaged to keep records and to act as supply teacher in case of a vacancy in the Model Department or a lack of teaching force in the practice corps. In the fall after the June of her graduation, Miss Marvin entered upon her professional career as assistant in the Preparatory Department of the Normal. She remained in this position until the resignation of Mrs. Cochrane, at the beginning of the spring quarter. Miss Marvin was then promoted to the principalship. On the resignation of Miss Hansen in November of 1889, Miss Marvin took her place as principal of the Grammar Grade, which position she still holds. B. Mack Dresden, A. M. Mr. Dresden is a native of Berlin, Germany. He came to the United States in 1883, and learned the trade of wire weaving. After working at this trade for a time, he found employment in a vineyard. But the desire for a higher education had a strong hold upon him, and he used all his spare time in fitting himself to enter college. Before entering Baldwin University in April, 1888, Mr. Dresden taught one term in a country school. During his senior year at Baldwin, he acted as tutor in Mathematics. In 1891, Mr. Dresden graduated from Baldwin University and received the degree of Ph. B. He also received honors in Modern Languages and in Mathematics. From 1891 to 1895 Mr. Dresden was Assistant Principal in the High School at West Bend, Wisconsin. The next year he entered the senior year at the Oshkosh State Normal School graduating the following June. In 1897. he received the degree of Master of Arts from the University of Wooster. Since 1896, Mr. Dresden has had charge of the department of German and has been Associate in Pedagogy in the Oshkosh Normal. Miss Edna Carter, B. S. Miss Carter received her early education in the Oshkosh City Schools. She graduated from the High School in 1890 and in the following September entered Vassar College at Poughkeepsie, New York. After a four year’s course, she graduated with the degree of A. B. in 1894. She then entered the Oshkosh State Normal School, taking up only the professional work and graduating with the class of ’95. After spending a year as High School Assistant at DePere, Wisconsin, she was called to return to Vassar College as assistant in Physics. Miss Carter remained there two years 02after which she spent a year at Chicago University. Since 1899 Miss Carter has been assistant in the department of Physics in the Oshkosh Normal School. William M. Graham, LL. B. It was in the country schools of Kenosha County that Mr. Graham started in the ways of learning. After attending the Kenosha High School, he entered the Oshkosh Normal School. He graduated with the class of ’75. Impelled by the thirst for knowledge Mr. Graham continued his education by a course at Oberlin College. He graduated from Oberlin College in 1880 and being attracted to the law entered the University of Wisconsin. He graduated with the class of ’82 and has been practicing law down to the present time. From 1886 to 1890 he was County Judge of Monroe County, Wisconsin. At a later date, he removed to West Superior. Mr. Graham has always taken a lively interest in educational matters. From 1894-7 he was a member of the Board of Education of Superior, Wisconsin; and was President of the Board for the year In 1899-’oo he was President of the Sociological Club of Superior, and is now Secretary of the Economic League of Superior. Balthasar H. Meyer, Ph. D. Balthasar Henry Meyer was born in the town of Mequon, Ozaukee County, Wisconsin, on the 28th of May, 1866. He lived the life common to farmer boys—attending the district and parochial schools during the winter months. At sixteen, he took the entrance examination at the Oshkosh Normal. Failing to enter he spent one term in the “A" Preparatory Class, after which he passed into the Normal and began work there with the second quarter of the year 1882-83. Before the year was up he was obliged to leave on account of illness. In the fall of 1884, Mr. Meyer began teaching a district school in his native town. After two years experience, he completed the Elementary Course at the Normal in June 1887. He then became principal of the Frcdonia Schools after which he was called to the principalship of the Port Washington High School. Mr. Meyer resigned this position in 1892 after three years successful service. In the meantime, he took an active part in the life of the communities in which he was at work. Mr. Meyer also continued to improve himself by private study. His summers were spent in the libraries and laboratories of the State University. On his return to the Normal in 1892 he was in a position to complete the Latin Course with credit. In addition to this Mr. Meyer took the Bachelor’s degree at the University of Wisconsin one year later. After a year of undergraduate work at the University, he spent a year abroad, traveling in England and on the continent. He did two semesters work at the University of Berlin in Economics, Jurisprudence, History and Sociology. It was at this time that he began his study of transportation and insurance, in which he has done considerable pioneer work since that time. On his return to the University of Wisconsin he became in turn Honorary and University Fellow, taking the degree of Ph. D. in 1897. Although three other Universities offered him a position, Mr. Meyer took advantage of the opportunity to remain in his Alma Mater, and became Instructor in Sociology and Secretary of the Extension Department. Later he was also made Secretary of the Committee on Accredited Schools. In this capacity he traveled and lectured in all parts of the state. Two years ago he was advanced to the rank of Assistant Professor; and at present he is away on leave of absence elaborating courses for the recently established School of Commerce, to which he will hereafter devote all his time. 63In addition to articles written while he was still in elementary work, and minor contributions made since that time, Mr. Meyer has published Monographs and Magazine Articles on the following subjects: 1. The Adjustment of Railroad Rates in Prussia. 2. The Administration of Prussian Railroads. 3. A History of early Railroad Legislation in Wisconsin. 4. Early General Railway Legislation in Wisconsin. 5. Regulation and Administration of Swiss Railways. 6. Railway Charters, Domestic and Foreign. 7. The Problem of the Small Town. 8. Four Synthcsists; Cross Sections from Comte, Lilienfeld, Schaeftle. Spencer. 9. Fraternal Beneficiary Societies in the United States, to. Social Functions of Fraternal Societies. 11. Fraternal Insurance. Mr. A. W. Trettien. Mr. A. W. Trettien graduated from the Oshkosh Normal School in 1894. He received his early education in the district school. During the school year of 1884 85, he attended the High School at Appleton. He then passed an examination and entered the Preparatory Department of the Oshkosh Normal. Mr. Trettien attended school here two quarters and then went out to teach. He was out teaching most of the time till 1891 when he returned and spent two years and a half, graduating from the Latin Course. Mr. Trettien was principal of the Appleton schools three years. While there he did work in the University in Civics and History which enabled him to complete the course in Madison, besides doing nearly a year of post graduate work, in two years. His work in Madison University was in Civics, Pedagogy and History. He received a scholarship in Clark University and went there in 1899. He had finished his resident work there when he’ was sent for to take charge of the department of Pedogogv here in the Normal, but still had six months work before he could take his degree This work he is doing now. Mr. Trettien has written three papers. One on the “Motor Development in Children,” which was published in the American Journal of Psychology. The other two are on “German Schools' and “The Psychology of Success.” While at Appleton, Mr. Trettien entered upon Institute work. During the summer of 1899 and 1900, he went to South Dakota doing Institute work. He also did Institute work in Massachusetts and New Hampshire while in the east. C. H. Leach. Cephas II. Leach received his early training mostly in the country schools. Before entering the Normal, he attended an Academy at Waukegan and the Preparatory School at Evanston. He graduated with the class of ’79. Since graduation Mr. Leach has taught one year in Racine, eight years at Kenosha, and twelve years in Chicago. He is now principal of the Burley School in that city. John F. Burke, LL. B. Mr. John F. Burke graduated from the Normal in 1875. His early education was obtained in a country school. He also attended the High School at Fond du Lac for a time, 64after which he entered the Oshkosh Normal, and graduated will) the class of '75. After graduating Mr. Burke taught for about three years. He then attended the Columbia Law School in New York City, taking the degree of LL. B. He then began the practice of law in Milwaukee where he is now located. Miss Emily F. Webster. Miss Webster was born on the Western Reserve, though not till after Connecticut had relinquished her jurisdiction over the tract of land to the federal government. Before she was of school age the family moved to Wisconsin where the light canoe of the Indian was still to be seen upon the pleasant waterways of the Fox river valley and each recurring spring saw his wigwam pitched upon the banks of the gently flowing streams. Though the family came to the state in early days, they found the district school there before them and in a village school Miss Webster laid the foundation of her education Two or three years of instruction in the district school, two years in a graded school and a brief period in a high school represented her educational advantages when she arrived at the Oshkosh Normal School. The four years course in this school with several quarters of post graduate work make up the sum total of her education. Miss Webster has taught continuously since her graduation with the class of ’75. She is teaching at present in the Department of Mathematics in the Oshkosh Normal, and she is wont to say that the only unusual thing in the years of her service is the (act that she has never lost a day from personal sickness. 551Lyceum Society.1 J i 1 I t Lyceum Society. The lite rary socie ties are not an insignificant adjunct to any school and at the Oshkosh Normal the Lyceum has no rival. Her members are proud of he r record and love her as a foste r mother of fraternity and intellectual growth. The Lyceum began the year by tendering to the new students the jolliest and most successful reception of the year. The cordiality and intellectuality of its members induced many to join until its membership grew so large that its older members made a protest against further additions to the list. Tht programs have had such features as excellent essays, well rendered declamations and eloquent and witty extemporaneous talks as well as forceful and instructive debates. The commendable feature of Lyceum debates is that they are often general and participated in by as many as twenty different members in one evening. The questions debated have dealt with social and economic problems and have been handled in a masterful way. A particularly interesting one was the discussion of the merits of Lincoln and Washington between the young ladies and young men, the defeated side to give the winners a sleigh-ride. The young ladies displayed great skill in making points and carried all three judges. In response to the song from the female throats “We want a ride next week" the male voices took up the line “Say will you ride with us?" The outcome of it all was a splendid ride to Grange Hall on a night divine. The Bar Association has been a successful feature of the Lyceum work The keen insight of her lawyers and the wise supervision of Judge McDonald have let no offense against her members go by unpunished. Three of the orators in the preliminary contest were members of the Lyceum and all three did excellent work. Her members have participated in several public debates and each time have proven that theirs is a society of logical thinkers. To all her members of the class of 1901 she extends congratulations and wishes them the greatest success in every pursuit in which they shall engage. 691 ygsifotThe Phoenix Literary Society ' Of the many societies and organizations of the Oshkosh Normal, the Phtenix is perhaps the most widely known. Her sons may be found in the foremost ranks of every profession. Prominent lawyers, teachers and doctors throughout this and adjoining states proudly proclaim the fact that they were once members of the Phoenix and they are ever ready and will- ing to testify to the worth of their mother society. She is not however content to rest on the records of a glorious past. Those achievements great though they be, are used merely as a stimulus for the present and a glance over the pages of this year’s history reveals the fact that they have served their purpose well. The t cginning of the year found the society in an unorganized, chaotic condition. By some strange chance of fate every officer of the society was in some manner prevented from returning to school. Then it was that the strength and power of that grand “Old Phoenix” spirit showed what it could accomplish when put to the test. Nothing daunted, the loyal members elected a stalwart leader and entered into keen though friendly competition with the other societies of the school. During the year the Phienix gave the first reception ever given by a literary society to the new students. It held the first strictly educational meeting ever held by any literary society in this school. It held the strongest and most spirited declamatory contest in the history of the society. Its literary and musical programs have been of the highest order. Its record in debate is enviable. But the greatest triumph of the year was achieved in the field of oratory. The Phoenix had but one contestant «n the local contest but much to the chagrin of the other societies he carried off first honors. This has been the record of the Phoenix during the year now drawing to a close. What next year will bring forth we do not know. However if those into whose hands the safe keeping of the society is placed for the coming year will but remember the motto “Culture not Show" and place the foundation rocks of former years beneath their feet the society must rise to a still higher place of usefulness and excellency. e. j. D. 61Long may she live, Philakean fair, Phiiakean fair; Long live, long may she live, Philakean fair. Yes, long live Philakean, and may your future be as fair as your past. May the chronicle of your achievements ever shine with victories as signal as those which now illuminate its pages. And may the spirit of loyalty, industry, and earnestness which inspired the founders of the society, which has always characterized her meetings and carried her sons to victory, be handed down undiminished in its energy and vigor to those who in future years will fill the ranks of Philakean. Philakean of the present, you have added another page, perhaps the brightest of all, to the record of past years. You may point with pride to the work of this year and say “truly we are progressing.” In 1900 Philakean carried off first honers in the school oratorical con- test but in 1901 she has shown her ability along another line by defeating the Lyceum in delate. We are justly proud of these victories but it is not by such achievements alone that we measure our progress. Never before in the history of Philakean has the regular work of the society yielded better results or attained more nearly the ideal than during the present year. Our business meetings have been characterized by skill and expediency in their disposal of society business and all society work has been carried on in strict accordance with rules of parliamentary practice. Debating as usual has been the prominent feature of tin; programs. The leading social, economic and educational problems were taken up and discussed in a way that showed much earnestness of effort and careful study. Philakean, like the Phoenix and Lyceum, is a literary society but differs from her sister organizations in one marked respect. Philakean is limited in membership to thirty gentlemen. This may seem an objectional feature to some but it is the secret of the society’s strength. By virtue of her limited membership, Philakean is enabled to offer opportunities 63for culture and training in debate, impossible in the other societies because of their much larger membership. On the other hand the Philakeans do not eschew altogether the social side of life and the society of the gentler sex. They look back with pleasure to the banquet tendered them by the Alethean society and look forward with equal pleasure in the anticipation of a good time at that important social event, the annual Philakean Banquet. The term Philakean signifies “lovers of discussion” but it has a broader meaning. The members cherish it in their heart as a symbol of loyalty, good fellowship and intellectual advancement. They are willing to divide with others, as far as the limits of membership permit, the sacred privileges of the society. Young man, if you love debate, if you wish to improve in the art of expression and heighten your appreciation of literature, join with them under the banner of the black and gold, famed in oratory and debate, and sing: “Our loyal band Philakean Philakean our own; We pledge undying love to thee Philakean our own.”As its name implies this young but vigorous society is ever searching for that elusive will-o'-the-wisp, truth. This is a noble quest and we can compare the members of this earnest body with the immortal seekers of the good. Sir Launfal and Sir Galahad. And like Sir Launfal we shall find truth close at hand and that our search is ended before it has begun. Although truth is our object we allow ourselves a certain lee-way and include social intercourse and social culture in our creed. For nothing rounds out character more beautifully than these two. They arc the finishing touches to the perfect whole and do for a person what polishing does to the diamond. Of course, the diamond in the rough is all very well and gives a good foundation for the refining process. And so it is with people. The strong character must be the foundation but the outward evidence of sweetness and kindness are needed to make people appreciate the fineness of the character. But enough of theorizing. Let us see how this organization has helped it members in their aim. Perhaps the first thing a visitor notices at one of our meetings is the splendid fellow-feeling among our members. She sees that the girls are congenial and that they bring out the best in each other. She also observes that true politeness prevails here; that the persons who appear on the program have a most appreciative audience to address. And she feels that all this is progress in the true sense, and that the diamonds are fast acquiring polish. Reading the list of names enrolled on our secretary’s book the outsider is impressed with the number of members who are high in the estimation of the school. She finds some of the strongest and most influential girls in the institution here, and she no longer wonders at our progress. For we are progressive. “Robert's Rules of Order” are fast becoming familiar to most of our number. This is a natural result of the almost legal kecness of some of our shining lights. There is no time to nap at our meetings. “Either follow the procession or drop out,” is our motto We are very versatile as a result of our intercourse and our programs. We have declaimed, read, orated, debated and now we shall try our strength in the histrionic field. We cannot help but succeed here for many of us have had experience on the stage, and can thus deport ourselves with grace and ease thereon. 65The Alrtheart.We have been singularly lucky in our presidents and other officers. The former have always represented the best among us and have shown by their skill in handling us that they are capable of managing anything from a circus to a school-room. But why fill up more valuable space. Suffice it to say that we are a live, active, progressive society; that we do not find comparison with other organizations odious; that we hope to keep the Alethean up to its standard and that we may be proud in years to come of having belonged to such a society. As you may see we are very self-satisfied and know our proper value, but if we do not who will? So excuse our conceit and wish with us that Alethean may live long and prosper.Students' Christian Association. At 4 Students' Christian Association Men’s Branch. Chas. C. McCuke Frank Cordy Hubert Stkckkk Hiram Smith Cari. W. Johnson Edward Allf.n A. W. Casten Officers. President Normal Vice-President Preparatory Vice-President Grammar Room Vice-President Recording Secretary Corresponding Secretary Treasurer Ladies' Branch. Millicent Turner Genevieve Barron Oi.ive Abbott Etta A 1.1.1 no Fi.oy Holland Lui.u Adams Alla Hankwitz The fact that such an organization as the Students' Christian Association exists in our school, is evidence that there is among the students a desire for an education which includes the teachings of Him “in whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.” To the students who come to us, the city churches extend a sincere welcome, which in some cases has received a hearty response, and many of us have found real homes in the churches of Oshkosh. However, there are always in a body of students, those who hesitate in accepting the cordiality of Christian people of other churches. For such the S. C. A. does an important service. The Association is entirely undenominational and welcomes to its membership all who are in sympathy with its work. The organization aims first of all to deepen the spiritual lives of its own members, for we believe that only as we ourselves grow spiritually are we able to strengthen others. The Thursday meetings of the two hranenes; the joint Sunday morning meetings; the noon prayer-meetings; and the various bible classes have each contributed to realizing this aim. We also aim to give to those who have been engaged in such work at home, opportunities for practical Christian service; to lead to Christ those who have not known Him; and to draw into service those who have never known the sweetness of working for others. We believe that, as an association, we can best grow by working for others. We are trying to be a real aid to every member of the school, but we can do this only as the members of the school will co-operate with us, thus making the aiding mutual. Several committees are organized to carry on the practical work One of these, the New Students’ Committee, endeavors to meet the trains and conduct strangers to the school, rooms, and boarding places. The Bureau of Information is ready to give information in every way possible and to find work for those who wish it. The Visiting Committee tries to see that no one who is sick lacks care. Other committees have charge of the spiritual, social and other work necessary to the running of a society. One feature which both branches of the association would like to see even more successful is the bible study. Why should we not know more of this book? 69From a literary standpoint alone we do not half appreciate it and besides this, in it we find the foundation for the complete living for which we all are striving. Several classes have been carried on this year by able leaders and in each class a different line of work has been taken up. We feel assured that the S. C. A. has done a good work in the past, but we believe that the work does not mean all to us that it should. We would oe of more service to all, we would ourselves get deeper into those things which are ours in Christ Jesus. Christ said “1, if I be lifted up, will draw all men unto me,” and as we lift Him up to our fellows, He draws them unto Himself. Our prayers for the future of the association is that it may lift up Christ. And as we separate, may the Lord watch between us while we are absent one from the other.German Circle.Der Deutsche Kreis. Had the members of the German Circle been among the man's servants when he called them together to deliver unto them talents according to their abilities, they would un doubtedly have been classed with the one to whom five talents were given. To be convinced of the fact that the “German Circle” is composed of talented members, one has only to visit some of their meetings .and there would be no doubt in his mind as to the truth of this fact. The meetings which are held every two weeks are looked forward to with great pleasure by the members for they know there will be in store for them a literary treat. The programs for the past year have been of a special nature. German poets, composers and history have been studied, also some of the interesting places in Germany and legends in connection with the same. Originality has always been one of the characteristics of this club. Its members are on the alert for something which will add to the interest of the club. The desire to administer to the tired intellect a soothing melody, has led them to institute “Die Gesangpause.” The members gather round the piano and “sing dull care away.” For some years past it has been customary to give a German Play, and this year was no exception to the custom. The success of the German play was due to Mr. Dressden’s careful and efficient drilling. The annual banquet was held in the afternoon of May it, and on the same day the usual declamatory contest took place. A bright future is in store for the “Deutsche Kreis"—energy and school and society spirit such as theirs always bring a good reward 73I I 5 Glee Club. Officers. President, Vice-President, Secretary, -Director, Pianist, Marshal, C. W. Johnson Richard Bi nge Jennie Baii.ey Grace Heward Nina Wai.i.e.n D. K. Ali.en Thinkers long ago, when opportunities for culture were very limited, adopted as life motto the aphorism “Know Thyself.” Today, when knowledge and the opportunities tor education are increased manifold, the same motto yet reveals our most pressing mental need. Multitudes have lived and passed away without developing their powers which would have made their lives and those of others happier. This is especially true in regard to the gift of song. What a loss to such persons, what a discount of their resources for enjoyment, when such a power remains undeveloped! Says the poet, “Alas for those who never sing And die with ail their music in them.” The Oshkosh Normal School furnishes splendid opportunities to all its students to learn to sing. Those who have “voices for singing,” with approval of the director arc privileged to join the Glee Club, the largest and oldest musical organization of the school. This club under the able leadership of Miss Heward, seeks to acquaint its members with the best musical productions of the past and present. It trains those who take part to be expert readers of music and develops their taste for good music. The music room is the Mecca of the Glee Club. Here once a week the members meet for rehearsals and o’ertaken, “As by some spell divine, Their cares drop from them, like the needles shaken From out the gusty pine.” For an hour or more soprano, alto, tenor and bass voices blend, making the air in corridors and halls vocal with thrilling melodies and harmonies. The Glee Club however, has done more than to rehearse weekly during the past year. In May, lyoo it furnished two numbers on the program of the Inter-State Oratorical Contest held in Oshkosh. It also furnished music at the special rhetorical exercises held from time to time during the past year. It is now preparing for a joint concert with the Male Chorus which is to be given in the near future. This promises to be the leading musical event of the year. The old student of this school needs no introduction to this organization. To the new student we would say: If you can be punctual and regular in attending the rehearsals and are otherwise qualified, join the Glee Club. If you can rise on the wings of song, it will lead you upwards into new realms of enjoyment and peace. If you bring to its meetings earnestness and persistency it will train you for your work as teacher in the schools of the state as it trained those who have gone before and whose schools in consequence join daily in a mighty chorus of songs, inspiring pupils to a sweeter and nobler life. 77Browning Club.Browning Club Even the Browning Club admits there are some tilings Browning left undone. He who might have written the greatest novel of the century wrote none. Place Crawford's “Casa Braccio” by the side of "A Forgiveness." It is not the novelist, powerful as is his delineation of hatred, jealously, revenge, who sounds the depths that are possible to him who cultivates these unlonely qualities, it is the poet who in seven pages does what the novelist without the same measure of success, accomplishes in two hundred. Art and literature have given us many women who are immortal because they possessed all that lies hidden in the word charm. From Mona Lisa who “holds and haunts you with her smile” to Richard Carvel’s “Dorothy" the list is a long one. Most perfect of all is “My Last Duchess" with the “heart too soon made glad” “who liked whate’er she looked upon." It is something to picture the heart of a man; to do this supremely well and in the same poem to describe a ride on horseback so that the reader tingles with the exhilaration of the exercise as he echoes the poet’s words, “Ride, ride together, forever ride," this is genius. The life of Browning, no less than that of Tennyson, shows us that a poet’s environment influences him greatly in the choice of subjects. Tennyson during his long life time can not hear to go to Italy for how could he go alone to the land where Hallam and he were to have gone together? He gives us “In Memoriam" but no poems on Italian art. In Browning's case the health of his wife craves Italy so her husband becomes steeped in “the glow and glory" of the south and in consequence reveals to us, as no other writer has, the passionate love of the Italians for art. Always and forever the readers of Browning turn lovingly from the poems, beautiful as they are, to the man himself. N'ot “let and hindered with a short term and imperfect service" but possessed of a “marked gift for literary expression, having access to high culture," he had what is rarer than this, "the personal nobleness to use his powets well.” He had a right to urge as he does. “Then welcome each rebuff That turns earth’s smoothness rough, Each sting that bids not sit nor stand but go! It is because we feci that this writer has something for us that we enjoy reading Browning together. 79I Art Loan Club.The Students' Art Loan Club. President, Vice- President, Secretary, Librarian, Assistant Librarian, C. V. Johnson Fannie Forsyth Gbnevikvf. Barron Eli.en M. Saxton Hubert A. Steckkk The Students’ Art Loan Club was organized two years ago for the purpose of bringing its members and the students of the school in closer contact with some of the better works of art. This was done by loaning to its members framed pictures, which they had the privilege of keeping in their rooms for one quarter. When the club was first organized, any student, by paying the initiation fee of fifteen cents, became a member and was then entitled to all the privileges of the club. Last year, however, a change was made, so that now all those who are members of any of the drawing classes are also considered members of the Students’ Art Loan Club. This has greatly increased the size of the club, so that now we may say that the prophesy made in the year ’99 has been fulfilled and the club has reached the breadth of its name. On the first Friday of each quarter the pictures are distributed among the members by ballot and they are again returned the last Friday of the quarter. The club has at present a collection of about seventy pictures and it is hoped that in the near future measures may be taken to increase this number. Two years ago picture study was a side issue in this school, but now, through the efforts of Miss Magee, it has been made part of the regular work of the drawing classes and that the students appreciate this has Deen shown by the interest taken in the work this year. One day of each week was devoted to this work both in the second and third quarter drawing classes. Some of the best paintings of Michael Angelo, Leonardo Da Vinci, Raphael, Dupre and others were studied as to their various values. To be acquainted with the world’s best painters and their works is just as essential to those who are to be teachers of the coming generation, as to be acquainted with the world’s best poets. Various topics regarding the use of pictures were assigned to the students who then presented them before the class From these we learned how pictures could be used for illustration in all branches of school work and very often produce better results than lengthy explanations. Though the time given to this work was very limited, the essential points of picture study were taken up and the benefits derived therefrom will be invaluable in the future. 81Male Chorus.The Apollo Club. Every great educational institution has various musical organizations, and these in their school existence often play an important part in arousing spirit and enthusiasm and in uniting the student body for harmonizing action and development. It was partly for the benefit of the school as a whole and partly for the pleasure and profit of the individual members that the Apollo Club was formed. The membership of the club was at first unlimited but it was thought that better results could be obtained by reducing the number of members to twenty. This step was taken and the work of the club has been far more satisfactory to all concerned. At the begining of its career the club was pleased to gaze about in open mouthed but silent wonderment, but now the noises which are wont to issue from the Auditorium on Thursday afternoons testify that the new comer has found its voice and that the voice does credit to the owner. If its present rate of development continues its members see the time near at hand when the club shall fill every nook and corner in the building from basement to tower with strains of sweet music. We hope that as these strains leave each room, peace and harmony may reign supreme. May they pass softly along the upper floor cooling the fevered brow of the student of art, tabulating accurate data for the physicist, filling the retorts of the chemist with his long sought for precious metals, and pouring sweet notes of consolation into the ears that hath no hair but would fain wear his wig when the summer day and the fly cometh. And down would we have them go through the home of Hearen's first law to where he that hath excuses to be signed stands with trembling knee; may his tongue speak better than his hand hath written. And may one strain as it passes through the study moan softly “and this was the death of the president of self-government system,” then let it pass on and if there be hearts in your corridor let them be softened toward him who thinketh the world is flat and knoweth not the rule of three. May they lighten the feet of the weary gymnast not that he may dance and go in exile, lone and drear, but that he may trip gaily to his labors. Then as the last note floats softly out over the campus may the breezes carry far away o’er hill and vale the praises of the white and gold. 83Normal Orchestra. - TTBenjamin Leiih, First Violin. Geo. Wii.mams, First Violin. Hugo Spkkmng, Second Violin. W. W. Heckmann, Second Violin. Walter Teitcen, Second Violin. John H Stoever, Flute. Merle L. Tuttle, Clarinet. Arthur J. Stuelke, Clarinet. Percy Blood, Cornet. D. W. Blissett, Bass. 86The Self-Government System. There is no organization in the Normal of today which aids more in making a teacher of the student than the self-government system, nor is there any organization in the institution which, through its work, indicates more clearly the high ideals and earnest efforts of the students and faculty. This plan of government was inaugurated in the school year of 1896 97 and at that time consisted of the council alone. In 1899 the system was changed to its present torm including as it does the council and committee of fifteen. The nature of its work presupposes more or less opposition to this plan of government, yet it has always been respected and supported by the deeper thinking portion of the student body and all take pride in the knowledge that order is preserved in the institution by this system. Standing as it does for right action on the part of every independent individual the system justly demands the hearty support and cooperation of every member of the faculty and student body. 86 i 87Normal Advance" Staff. “Normal Advance i » 4 t Editorial Staff. Edward J. Dempsey, Louis C. Arps, James D. Cowcill, Nellie Bullard, Alta Lewis, Lawson Lukvkv, Charles McCunk, Business William De Kelver, Joseph P. Goebel, Board a Editor-In-Chief Assistant Editor Outfield • - • Infield - - - Exchange Athletics • - Associations Managers. Business Manager Assistant Business Manager f Artists. Louis Hanqukt, Chairman. Alice Strong. Maud Rogers. The "Normal Advance” has passed through its period of struggling existence. It is now on a firm financial basis, cordwood, buckwheat Hour or little pigs will no longer be received on subscriptions. It has a larger bona fide subscription list than any paper of its kind and the advertising public considers it the best advertising medium in the school. It is issued monthly "but not always in the same month” and no issue contains anything that can be found in a preceding issue. This master stroke of journalism has done much to increase its circulation txcause the reading public cannot by changing the date from month to month make one copy serve for an entire year. You may ask the P. M. the price of a two cent stamp, or the ticket agent what time the 2:45 i . m. train will leave or the manager of The Quiver the name of the most popular book of the year or the doctor if convalesence is hereditary without fear of being universally dubbed an ignoramus but do not ask for the July and August number of the Advance. On June 30th the present management will be given a well earned, well merited lay-off of six months which will be renewed twice each year for the remainder of their natural lives. 80 ILOUISEJ ROWLAND! FRANCIS r KELLEY. !ftg| JENN1 F JESSIE MILLER. 1 | f A.M.TQD Quiver" Staff. 0192President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer, O. J. Kauffman L C Arps Jui.ik Skkvaty Jui.ia All school organizations have a more or less specialized value, a more or less specialized function to perform. They form a common meeting place for those whose inclinations tend toward certain special lines of development and culture. Thus the Browning Club has for its function, a study, both extensive and intensive, of that great poet from whom the club is named; the German circle has for its purpose a more intimate social relation between the German language and eminent German writers; the Art Loan Club has for its distinctive aim the creation of a greater love of beauty in nature and of the genius of the great artists and sculptors of the past and present. And so with various other organizations connected with the school each having its select coterie of members that are homogeneous in their desires and inclinations. There is, however, one organization in connection with the school which forms a common meeting place for the student body as a whole; whose constitution provides that the clerk’s register shall serve as a roster of its membership; whose aims and purposes have ever been to cultivate the highest standards of clear, logical thought, forcible and artistic expression, and a sense of the power of individuals, who can combine these characteristics into effective discourse, to make their will th»' will of nations; their standards of right and wrong the standards of the world. It is satisfying to note the progress that has been made since the organization of the Oratorical Association in the character of the orations that have been written by the students of the school. So marked has been this progress that it has been said, ‘The poorest oration in the contest of 1901 could easily have won first place in the contest four or five years ago.” Through the Oratorical Association, intimate relations have been established between the sister Normals of this state and with those of Illinois, Kansas, Missouri and Iowa and the benefits that accrue from this assimilation of interests and purposes is one of the chief agents whereby the members of the association can fulfill their purpose in life, of being of mutual advantage to others and of gaining that culture and refinement that can be gained only through the medium of becoming acquainted with other people. The association at present can look forward to a brilliant future and backward to the many who have gained, through its instrumentality, higher ambitions and nobler purposes; to those who attribute no small amount of their success in life to the influence brought to bear upon them because such an organization as the Oshkosh Normal Oratorical Association existed while they were students in the Normal School. 03 I Marguerite Edgerton. Fred R. Hamilton. James F. Cavanaugh. Anton Minsart Nicholas Gunderson. i i t I I J i I i « David K. Allen. 04 Merton Lyon.Oratorical Contest Friday Evening, February eighth, nineteen hundred and one, Normal Assembly Room. Program. Selection by Male Chorus, ..... Oration, ..... King Philip Marguerite EI)Gerton Oration, ..... America for All Nicholas Gunderson Oration, A Plea for the Striker David K. Allen Oration, • - Henry Grady and National Unity James F. Cavanaugh Instrumental Music, .... Selected Benjamin Leith Oration, .... Saratoga Fred R. Hamilton Oration, - - - True Patriotism Merton J. Lyon Oration, • Education and the Future of the Republic Anton Minsart Selection by Male Chorus, .... Decision of Judges, ..... Third Place—Education and The Future of The Republic. Second Place—A Plea for the Striker. First Place—Henry Grady and National Unity. 9596Lyceum-Philakean Debate. The joint debate between the members of the Lyceum and Philakean societies is a new feature this year in the literary work of the school, but it promises to be an annual affair hereafter. It took place in the Auditorium on the evening of March i6th,£in the presence of a large and enthusiastic audience. The question was in regard to the election of county superintendent and was supported by Messrs. Hamilton, Lyon and Minsart from the Philakean and Messrs. McCune, Schwartz and Hasten from the Lyceum. Both societies were proud of the work done by their teams and well they might be for everyone testified to the excellent handling of the subject on both sides. Many careful listeners were in doubt as to which society would win the honors but the judges, alter conscientiously counting up the points, declared the Philakeans victors. The inspiring cheers that rang from the ranks of the contesting societies were not an evidence of rivalry so much as of fraternity and creative genius in composing appropriate responses to the yells of the opposing faction. 97T iia;i«MitjM»]43angji I. ELIZABETH mg 4.AM11E REYIWLOSl 2 OAV'IP fULltfl. ihJfig 5. J05LP 1 MQMOfc XtilGMLAd (MWim. 6.Fnmi LKELLEY. V»K 98The Phoenix-Lyceum Debate. During commencement week will occur the annual debate between tlie Lyceum and Phoenix literary societies. This debate is of intense interest to the students because it determines which of the two large literary societies excels in debate and which shall claim the Lincoln bust now in the possession of the Lyceum but long held by the Phoenix. The question to be discussed this year is: Resolved, that a college education is the best preparation for business. College in this sense is to mean an institution of liberal, as distinguished from a technical, education. The word business to be applied only to mercantile transactions, buying and selling and traffic in general. The affirmative is to be argued by Mr. D. K. Allen who won laurels for the Lyceum last year and by Mr. Nicholas Gunderson and Miss Elizabeth Hanson, all fluent speakers and rapid thinkers. The Phoenix have the negative and will be represented by such able deflators as Messrs. F. E. Kelly, J. H. Hardgrove and Miss Anna Reynolds. The teams are so well matched that it would require an Elijah to predict the outcome, but The Quiver has “Flowers and cheer for the blue, tears and flowers for the gray." 09Dfcb j i ( Oshkosh i utnmrimM ■i U.WlLU hl R£U7J1£R. | a.BIWiAPJQ iLL U m | ‘iAum j. Htmir. i 5jt55c|lAri£5. 0.611 AS. f]»lJ5£WrlTt|. 1 100 iThe Junior Inter-Normal Debate. For some years past it has been the custom for the Junior Class to elect a team to meet the Juniors of Stevens Point in joint debate. So, early in the year at one of their animated class meetings, Messrs. Keuther. Morgan and Gallagher were elected to represent the class. Mr. Reuther had gained prominence in work done in the Sheboygan High School and was highly recommended. Mr. Morgan, the class president, needed no recommendation more than his excellent executive ability in presiding for his class, and his work done in the Philakean Society. Mr. Gallagher was pointed to with pride as being a life sized Abe Lincoln and one who, by his rapid and logical thinking as well as ready speach, would win for the Oshkosh 1902’s. The home team upheld the affirmative of the question: Resolved, that the adoption of a general income tax levied by the United States government is for the best interests of the nation; it being mutually conceded that the tax be constitutional. The Stevens Point team were old and experienced debaters. They had their question well in hand and their delivery was excellent and powerful. All of our boys did exceptionally well. Their debate was characterized by clearness and force and by that best of all characteristics of a debate, good rebuttal. When the presiding officer had announced the decision in favor of the affirmative Oshkosh had beaten Stevens Point twice out of three times in joint debate.Inter-State Debate. The annual debate with Normal University of Normal, Illinois, although it is but a recent institution, has come to be considered one of the most important events of the school year. The first of these debates occurred at Oshkosh in May, 1899, and the victory won by the Illinois representatives was well deserved The next year an Oshkosh delegation went to Normal, where they must have been royally entertained, for they came home affirming that Illinois was no less great in hospitality than in debate. But the victory of 1900 was not an easy one for Illinois. The debate was a hard fought fight and we felt that our debaters were worthy of honor if not triumphant. Now, by the magnificent work of 1901, we have fully retrieved the defeats of previous years, and made for ourselves a name and fame that we arc-proud to pass on to 1902. The debate given in the Auditorium on the evening of May 17th, did not begin there, that was only its culmination. It l egan months ago when our men first submitted the question to Illinois; and the good and the glory that have come to our debaters was not earned in fifteen minute speeches, but in hours and days of study and investigation. The question was, Resolved, that a city should own and operate all those local industries that tend to become monopolies, and Illinois chose the affirmative side. The Illinois debaters were Miss Frances Fletcher, Mr. William Hawkes and Mr. Thomas Barger. It was not being on the right side of the question that brought the victory to Oshkosh; it was the thorough preparation made by our debaters. They had studied the question on both sides and had examined and sifted an enormous amount of material. About a thousand letters were written by them to city officials, economists, and special students of municipal government, as well as to the editors of most of the leading newspapers and magazines. In reply personal letters were received from such men as Samuel Jones, Mayor of Toledo; Carter Harrison, Mayor of Chicago; Dr. J. H. Gray, of Northwestern University; Dr. F. J. Goodnow of Columbia College; Dr. Shaw of the Review of Reviews and Charles Francis Adams of Boston. The debate on the part of the negative was opened by Mr. DcKelver who discussed municipal ownershipof water works; Mr. Arps the second speaker confined himself to electric light and gas plants, and Mr Dempsey after his rebuttal confined himself almost entirely to street railways. All had their points well in hand, all were clear-cut. logical and convincing, and when Mr. Dempsey sat down after his masterly speech, we knew that the victory was ours The judges of the debate were Rev. M. Dewhurst of Chicago, Mr. L. Iv Amidon, Superintendent of Schools at Iron Mountain, Michigan, and Hon. T. E. Ryan of Waukesha. When their decision was announced by Judge Cleveland as unanimous for the negative, enthusiasm was unrestrained and the heroes of the evening were honored in true student fashion. Nor were our visitors forgotten, for they had borne themselves well in the debate, and were most cordial in their apprecciation of their opponents. Though the debate was the event that occasioned the coming of the Normal delegation to Oshkosh, it was by no means the only incident of their visit. A committee consisting of Mr. Kauffman, Mr. Hamilton, Mr. Abbott, Mr. Goeres, Miss Kelley and Miss Follett had charge of the entertainment of our guests, and discharged their duties so admirably that the debate of 1901 will long be most pleasantly remembered. In our own school the debate will be of lasting influence, for it has set before us a higher standard of excellence than we have realized before, and it has demonstrated to us that long and thorough preparation is the surest road to success. 103 Athletic Association Officers. President, Secretary, Treasurer, Executive Board. Prof. Bi.air Nina Barker Hknrv N. Bodden Prof. Mitchell. Prof. Bi.air. Edward J. Kelley, Edgar A. Loew, Fred R. Hamilton, Guy Benedict, j. Roy Ozanne, (Foot Ball) (Tennis) (Basket Ball) (Track) (Base Ball) One of the factors which helps to build up the reputation of a school, is the success it achieves in its various forms of athletics. Were it not for its athletics. Harvard, Yale, Princeton, or even our U. of W. would not stand out so prominently in the eyes of many people. Although we can not hope to compete with these institutions, we should at least strive to hold our own with those which are in our class. During the past year our Athletic Department has by no means proved a failure, as may be seen by glancing over the records made by our various athletic teams. Although we have not always been victorious, we have at least won our share of the games played, and, at the same time, gained a reputation among the schools with which we have competed of playing a clean scientific game, which fact alone deserves great merit. From a financial standpoint, however, there is much room for improvement. Some of the students seem to have forgotten the fact that there is an Athletic Association connected with our school which deserved the support of every member of the student body. During the past year our Athletic Association has been laboring under a great disadvantage. The condition of the treasury was such that it was impossible to give our athletes the support they needed. Only about thirty per cent, of the students made it a point to be in attendance at the games, and, in consequence thereof, the association found itself greatly in debt at the end of the season. This should not have been so, and might easily have been avoided if the students had taken more interest in the matter. The prospects for next season are very encouraging. A sufficient number of Freshmen, Sophomores and Juniors who have taken an active part in athletics during the past year have declared their intention of coming back to school next year, to warrant winning teams in every branch of athletics. They can not do it alone however, they need the good will and hearty cooperation of the student body. 106J. Carman. A. Clark. J. M to rhr. W. W. Stewart. K Rosenthal. II Dille C. Te kc. V. Noe. C. Kunnoc. A. Houghton. II I.awrcnec. E. Kelley. J. Jackson. W. Reuter. L. Fellatu. L. l.eCL»ir. W. Blair. C. Miller.Foot Ball Team. Manager, Captain, Right End, Right Tackic, Right Guard, Center, Left Guard, Left Tackle, Left End, Quarterback,_____ Full Back, Right Half Back, • Left Half Back, Edward J. Kelley Harvky Lawrence Carman and Fellenz Runnoe Teske Dii.i.e Miller and Jackson Rosenthal Stewart LeCi.air Reuther Clark and Houghton Lawrence Substitutes—iNiadoscme and O annk. 107Foot Ball. It is with a fair degree of satisfaction that we chronicle the events of last year’s foot hall season. Every one of the eight games was a close, well-played contest. The total score made by our team was eight touchdowns and two goals against eight touchdowns and four goals by our opponents. Two games were played with Ripon College, two with Stevens Point Normal, and one each with the Northwestern University of Watertown, Lawrence University, Milwaukee Medics, and Whitewater Normal. On the offensive, our boys played, on the whole, a good game, although at times the attack lacked somewhat in form and spirit; on the defensive, they played extremely well. The success of the team is due to timely and persistent practice on the part of those who played. Mr. Senn (’99) assisted materially in the organization of the team. There are two things yet to be done, and we can do them, before we may expect our team to win every game. The players must exercise greater care in keeping themselves in good physical condition, and at least twice as many students should take part in every practice. These improvements would not only secure a better team, but would increase to the school, the value of this best and most popular of students’ games. Our students should take a larger interest in the game. It gives a better opportunity for symmetrical physical development, and places a higher premium on good, quick judgment and prompt, skillful action than any other field sport. As teachers, we shall find that almost every village and city high school has its foot ball organization, which, without direction, has a harmful influence on the whole student body, but which, skillfully managed by a teacher of the school, affords him an excellent opportunity to know his boys and develop in them that moral and physical stamina and school loyalty which are so faithful of stalwart patriotism. Boards of education are beginning to recognize a knowledge of foot ball and other field sports as a very desirable qualification of the men they employ. Athletics. FOOT BALL KKC'ORDS. Sept. 22, at Ripon Oshkosh 0 Ripon 5 Sept. 29, at Oshkosh 1 i 0 Stevens Point 0 Oct. 6, at Oshkosh a 5 Ripon College 6 Oct. 20, at Stevens Point a 6 Stevens Point 11 Oct 27, at Appleton a 6 Lawrence Universits 0 Nov. 3, at Milwaukee it 0 Medics 12 Nov. 10, at Oshkosh i t 20 Northwestern 0 Nov. 24, at Whitewater tt 0 Whitewater 11 Oshkosh 37 Opponents 45 Games played, 8. Games won, 2. Games lost, 5. Tie, 1. 108Basket Ball. Manager, Left Forward, Right Forward, Center, Left Guard, Right Guard. Line-up. Substitutes Fred R Hamilton Runnoe • - O ANNE Stewart Houghton (Captain) Lawrence Jones and Lokw. Records. Jan. 25, at Oshkosh Oshkosh 24 Stevens Point 16 Feb. 1, at Oshkosh • « 30 Ripon College 10 Feb. (), at Stevens Point « t 18 Stevens Point 28 Feb. 15, at Weyauwega it 3 Weyauwega 11 Feb. 21, at Ripon it 22 Ripon College 3 Mar. 15, at Oshkosh ii 34 Weyauwega 3 Oshkosh 141 Opponents 9' Games played 6. Games won 5. Games lost 1.O. J. Kauffman. F. R. Hamilton. Harvey Lawrence. J. Roy Ozanne. Guy A. Benedict. Clement Runnoe. Albert Houghton. Walter W. Stewart. Edgar l.oew. Rodger Jones. «Basket Ball. Before the foot ball season had closed the manager of this department called a meeting of the boys to prepare for practice. This meeting was well attended and the enthusiasm there begun rapidly spread among the athletic element of the school. In the afternoon of November 6th the boys were notified to meet in the gymnasium for practice. Despite the fact that the foot ball was still being punted and occupying the attention of some thirty of our athletes, a large number assembled in our non commodious quarters. To give all an equal chance fast ball was played for twelve minutes, and then two fresh teams took the floor. Thus by alteration six teams played two halves of twelve minutes each. Practice similar to this was taken regularly on Tuesday and Friday evenings of e?ch week, no teams being permanently selected until January. Our schedule opened in Oshkosh. January 25th, on which date we met and defeated the Stevens Point team. The season closed March 15th, when Weyauwega also suffered defeat in our gymnasium. Six games were played, during which our boys won an enviable reputation. Perhaps the snappiest game was the one played at Weyauwega with the High School team of that place. Both teams were in the game from the start and the excited spectators read the score at the end of the first half 9 to 9. After the usual rest of ten minutes the shrill whistle was sounded and the game resumed. A foul was called on Weyauwega. Oshkosh missed goal, but the ball missed only to be immediately returned and the score was 11 to 9 Fast play continued. Minutes were valuable. The score was again tied. Seconds now took the place of minutes. Victory or defeat? Amid the almost breathless pause the well directed ball finds refuge in the Oshkosh goal, and the whistle blew. Notwithstanding our successful season, the team is open to unfavorable criticism. At times when the score was in favor of our opponents, there was a tendency for some of the players to be discouraged. Victory is not the only honorable feature of a game. In all inter-scholastic contests it is a duty of each contestant—a duty which he owes to himself, to the team, and to his school—to rise above trifles of the present and take the part of a man, and then if he reads from the score board a defeat, back of those figures—not dishonorable— he will see no image of an unmanly act. Although we have been trammelled this season by a poor field for practice, we hope that this will be removed before the next season begins. Our success this year is largely due to the regular, prolonged, systematic, practice, which is absolutely necessary, and we hope that the record now won shall be sustained. We take this opportunity to thank our patrons and our friends. 111I Charlotte Ray. Laura McAllister. Leona Nolo. Mix Susannr 1.00k. Sadie llcarn. Clara Damoth. Kdith MrMillen. Orplui Noble. Dais) Pratt. Jessie Savage. Lydia Oxtering. Gertrude Masterson. 1 12 Ladies' Basket Ball Team. Yell: Rah! Rah! Rah! Rah! Rah! Rah! Victory! Victory! Ya! Ya! Ya! Jessie Savage (Captain) Basket Orpha Norle, (Captain) Clara Damuth Basket Laura McAllister Sadie Hearn Guard Leona Nohl Josephine Voss Guard Charlotte Ray Gertrude Masterson Center Lydia Ostertag The ladies' basket hall teams were not organized well till the end of the second quarter when the above personnel was decided upon. The selections seem to have been well made as the teams arc very evenly matched in most respects. The ladies play every Thursday night in the week with Miss Look acting as referee. The two teams do good team work and many of the individual members make strong plays. Most of the members have never played the game before and, for that reason, the progress of the teams has been wonderful. We hope that they will continue to work and make the “Ladies’ Basket Ball Teams” an honor to the Oshkosh Normal School. 1 13k I I I 1 f I f 4 I II 1 6m nn: Ut i 4 f YV Vs Ioavn %YeIItvW Y IeAY o d )oi io tkim a tx li2 ____as valuaklo as awoIL$to r tMs'l .yoyU littkcA tek OYc fcv f muck cav Lc doy o.; to dvudqo ckoovfully A )d yAiystaklY And to pYOVlds. FoY toYOOYYOW 5 'doi ouvouytkmkit today; . tospcijd at least oyo kouY of ike i myt j-fouv ) dod s f osk aiv; L; sk : yy school spirit kij Iovi J axyl dok d 9 tke. Yi kt ayvJ , Ojpoylu fiforrt i dotn tWyoCAY) C , AY)d disnoyc-st; to ke stycm j fea. OWCfoOUS Y ot 0 I J u wt kut tok viov? to mko,t ” Keep,to ouiyftt dsrAytJ to yoy J A aiful ikvoujl) CUltuY AY d mcktkvou k Wf-tkis isOWj "r leal W ) 0 v SiS 1 16What the Oshkosh Normal School Stands For, The school has always stood for sound scholarship, and will always continue to stand for this as a most important requisite of the teacher. When one considers the high ideal in this direction entertained by the first president of this school, and his indefatigable labors to secure and train a thoroughly well equipped faculty, it is not to be wondered at that the school has always been something more than a school of mere methods. The critic of the normal schools has sometimes been justified in his statement that the training of such schools too frequently placed the how in teaching above the what. Not so, however, with this school which has ever tried to live up to its belief that knowledge must ever precede the ability to impart knowledge, however useless the former may be without the latter. In the earlier history of the school, when high school advantages were not so widely extended throughout the state, it was even more true than it is today that the normal school must concern itself with the subject matter of that which its graduates were expecting to teach. But the time will never come when the school can profitably concern itself only with the questions of method. In the more complete division of labor by the depaitment system in our schools today a more intensive study of the subjects is required to fit the intending teacher than when he was uncertain whether he would be called upon to take charge of a primary grade, a high school, or some work intermediate between these two extremes. The Oshkosh school will continue to provide means for the specialization of its graduates to meet these more exacting demands upon them. It stands for a high standard of professional spirit Its students have familiarized themselves with the history of educational reforms of the past, have studied the educational theories of the present, have breathed the atmosphere of the teaching profession. Not only this, but they have shown by their record as teachers in the schools of the state that they appreciate the duties which rest upon them as teachers, from the standpoint both of business and moral obligation. Its students have l ecn taught that it is more important that they should gain the lofty spirit of the true teacher than that they should aim to secure a particular position to teach. The school must be counted as one of the most important factors in the commonwealth in the elevation of the teaching profession. The school stands for a spirit of good comradeship among its students and graduates. The various student organizations which are set forth at length in the pages of Thk Quivkk, initiated for the purpose of cultivating the social aspect of student life, have always received not only recognition but also direct encouragement and support from the school. Kach student is urged to remember that he comes to the school not simply for the purpose of cultivating his intellectual powers, but also to secure training that shall be well rounded, and shall include the development of those social qualities which help to make the teacher a source of kindly inspiration in the community. The helpfulness of many of its graduates in this particular line has often been remarked by school officials of the teachers coming from the Oshkosh Normal School. The school aims to give a sound physical training. It was the first among the normal schools of the state to secure a gymnasium. Here the students not only learn the theory of 11 7physical culture, but also are afforded the opportunity to put into practice the theory taught. Many of its students coming from the vigorous exercise of farm life and settling down to the sedentary student life, would find themselves in a few weeks unfit for vigorous intellectual life were it not for the opportunity afforded in the gymnasium for the needed physical exercise accompanying the mental training. The students are likewise encouraged in their outdoor sports, inasmuch as the school thoroughly appreciates the value of intelligently directed play. But the importance of securing a well rounded physical development for the whole mass of students is ever regarded of greater importance than the development of extraordinary strength or skill in games on the part of a limited number. The school stands preeminently for a basis of sound moral principles underlying its training in scholarship, in professional branches, in social activity, and in physical development. It has ever recognized that the most brilliant scholarship, the highest skill in teaching, the most attractive social qualities and the most perfectly developed physique are of comparatively little value unless they are accompanied by a moral character sound to the core. It has ever endeavored to awaken in its students a realization, of the obligations which they undertake as builders of character in their pupils. In filling the vacancies which occur from time to time in the faculty, the greatest stress is laid upon securing teachers whose personality is so strong that it may be impressed upon the student body; so that the students may have reason to feel, in future years, that whatever of psychology, or method, or language, or mathematics, or physics, or other subjects they gained from the Normal School, they associated during those years with men and women who gave them a larger outlook upon life, who awakened in them a keener sense of the true measure of values in life. In a word, the Oshkosh Normal School stands for a clean, wholesome, vigorous life, morally, intellectually, physically, and an enlightened effort to secure the fruits of such a life to the people of Wisconsin through the medium of its public school teachers. i ♦ 1 1 8 A Moonlight Scene Close by the river’s lonely edge Beneath fair Nature’s mantle rare, Rise graceful elms and oaks superb Stirred by the gentle evening air. Tall cedars too, with foliage dark And stately pines all clothed in green Cast sombrous shadows in their path And darken e’en this beauteous scene. The air is still and naught is heard, Naught save the rushing waters deep Dashing against the rocky cliff In angry tones, in onward sweep The white-capped wave in madening roar; The restless gleaming waters bright Roll loudly on toward rock and shore, Regardless of the hush of night. Yet louder sounds the rushing stream, The foaming waters dark and deep, And higher rise the surging waves And swifter still the waters sweep. From rock to rock the stream is hurled, Now breaking o'er the storm racked sea, Now dashing against the pebbly shore In currents swift, in seeming glee. All is not dark; one little beam Streams down upon the raging sea, Upon the rugged sandy beach, Upon the banks the lonely quay. ’Tis from a cottage ’niongst the trees Around which peace and quiet reigns. Save when disturbed ty the thunder’s roar Or by the sea-bird's sad refrain. 1 10Lights and Shadows The Campus, March 26—A level stretch of dark, brown leaves—dusky trees in the back-ground—a heavy, gray sky with masses of sodden clouds. At the Fountain, April 16 From the budding maple a robin flies down, peeps over the brim of the basin, and plunges in; another plays and then away to smooth and plume each wayward feather. The Auditorium, 8:50 A. M.—An assemblage representing almost every nationality, the hopeful American predominating. Bright, happy faces., serious thoughtful faces, dull, listless faces. A varigated bed of tulips flanked by sober rows of shrubbery! Art Room — Here we have a bit of Venice, a capital from old Greece; there a collection of student work, a bright spray of tulips, a glimpse of sunset at the close of a winter’s day, a toddling baby figure in black and white; an outline in light and shade of mother’s rocking chair, close beside it another home picture—a pair of little worn shoes; away in the corner a drawing of stately emblematic Easter lilies. West Corridor, Second Floor The sally port to the fort—the Mathematics room— where all march knowing that their mettle is to be tried; the contest begins; as time goes by, the brave grow braver, the cowards weaker, a week gone by, a coward falls; another week, still another falls. The battle’s at last over. The victors, triumphant, advance, with standings they are not ashamed to show; the cowards, beaten and dismayed, retreat. The Ladies' Study, 4 P. M. — A perfect hive—busy working bees flying in and out, back and forth; the drones buzzing idly about, some collecting near a favorite queen. Swarming, restless, energetic hive! The “Gym" In Class- One long line of black robed figures: a double line: a march, four abreast; a solid, sombre square. Out of Class—Where walls offer no resistance to basket ball enthusiasts; where the lights are turned off at 10:30; where people dance but do not dance. The Library—Here a group of observers reading Educational Journals; before the writing table a few seniors seated; the next room—walls of reference books; almost lost to view the old fire-place, over it, the critic, the bookman, Bookbuyer, Scribner’s suggesting by covering thought, thought, thought. The third room—every seat, every bit of table room occupied. The afternoon sun glints down from the window tops touching with its sinking splendor the “Reserve” stand Sounds of talking and laughter float upward. The 5:30 gong sounds; with a sigh books are put in place. Hurridly the students file out. Quiet reigns over the abode of the truth-seekers. 120 Who? Who is it rises from his bed, With aching heart and throbbing head? Who stands of all Exams, in dread? The Freshman. Who's reached the ladder’s second round, And searched the sciences profound, So feels he should be laurel-crowned? The Sophomore. Who feels that he was born to be The final great authority, For students and for Faculty? The Junior. Who stalks along with solemn air. And thinks none can with him compare? Who passes Freshmen with a stare? The Senior. Who vows that Alma Mater’s name, Shall ne'er through him fear blot of shame? Who by his life augments her fame? The Graduate. When June returns with flowers sweet. Who hasten hack old friends to greet, And cheer the hearts of all they meet? The Alumni. 131How I Came to Read a Book. Some dozen years ago a Chicago periodical sent letters to the leading literary and professional men of this country asking them to name the ten novels which in their opinion were the greatest in the world’s literature. When the votes were counted, it was found that “The Scarlet Letter" had received more votes than any other one book, and that Nathaniel Hawthorne, in the opinion of his countrymen, stood at the head of the world’s great novelists. Many books were mentioned in the lists sent in that were not included in the ten greatest. Among them was “Ekkehard," a tale of the tenth century by Joseph Victor von Scheffel. The book was new to me and remained in my memory. An inquiry sent to a Chicago book seller revealed the fact that it was out of print. I thereupon concluded that my desire to read it could not be gratified; but a few months later, an advertisement of the reprint of the book came to my notice, and I sent for it. It was a two-volume novel dealing with life in a past age; the duties of the hour were pressing and time was fleeting, so I laid the volumes on my bookshelf, and promised myself that the first leisure days should be devoted to them. Six years passed away, during which the story lay unread upon the shelf, while I enjoyed the satisfaction of possession and anticipated the pleasure of perusal at some happy time of leisure which I felt the future had in store. At the end of six years the opportunity came to cross the ocean, and one beautiful summer day I found myself wandering among the ruins and through the grounds of Heidelberg Castle. A statue gleaming amid the greenery caught my eye. and upon nearer approach I read the name “Von Scheffel." Here was a statue of the author of my book which for so many years had lain so patiently upon the shelf with all its locked-up entertainment awaiting the leisure days that never seemed to come. I looked at his counterfeit presentment, and begged his pardon for having been so negligent of his great book. I was pleased to meet him on his native heath, and promised him to deal more justly by his story upon my home return. Soon after I rode all day by rail through the interesting and picturesque Black Forest. Sometimes the Danube River kept us company, and always the dark green hills rose up on either side, densely clothed with evergreen trees, while deep and cool the valleys lay between. The hills were often crowned by the ruins of old castles, ivy-grown and yet distinct against the sky. Visions of the robber barons that once inhabited them, and of their raids into the valleys after their neighbor's grain and cattle, came to mind. The life of the middle ages seemed to draw closer to the nineteenth century and to grow more real as hour by hour we wound through that delightful region so famous in story and in song. As the day declined we neared the Lake of Constance, the Bodensee, as Germans call it, and passed the height on which in part the scene of “Ekkehard” is laid. I had not known this until the guide hook, open in my hand, told me the fact. There clear against the sunset sky was the ruin of the castle on the Hohentwiel where Dame Hadwig, Duchess of Suabia, daughter of the Duke of Bavaria and wife to Duke Burkhard of Suabia, held her court in the 122days so long ago; and thtre at the foot of the Hohentwiel within sight of the ruins, Von Scheffel had written the book which was still lying unread upon my shelf. Again I promised that gleaming statue back at Heidelberg, that I would read his story. The time came all too soon when 1 was again at home and many things, in most imperative mood, demanded to be done. Four years passed by. The book still lay upon my shelf, and still I had not read it, though ever meaning to, and ever remembering the statue in the castle grounds at Heidelberg, and the ruin on the Hohentwiel looking down upon the Lake of Constance. At length, after ten years of waiting, I took the book from off the shelf, and in the closing year of the nineteenth century, I spent some pleasant summer days in company with the men and women of the tenth. The Monastery of St. Gall, the castle on the Hohentwiel, the last invasion of the Huns, boat rides on the Bodensee, great feasts, great fastings, and great fights, — these were the things I saw. And this is the way I came to read a book.Cogitations of Two Seniors. “What do you think the Normal will be like next year?" said David, “all the Juniors in the Senior class!” “It will be as now,” replied Anton, “we were Juniors too, you know, but it seems to me the younger element, and, in fact, many of the Seniors, lack the manners a cultivated teacher should have.” “Do you regard such a thing as manners a serious matter?" answered David. “I don’t believe in them at all. 1 take a man as to his character and knowledge. Do you know that manners mostly serve to hide a man’s character rather than show it?” “Then you might as well conclude that talking should not be learned,” said Anton, “because language in the mouth of liars often hides the thought instead of revealing it. There is never a rule without an exception. Even these help to confirm Tennyson’s words. ‘Manners are not idle, but the fruit of royal nature and of noble mind.’ ” “Do you mean to say that our young men and women have not royal natures and noble minds?” asked David somewhat indignantly. “Have you not observed how the new-comers are welcomed? I know of no other school where the strangers are met so kindly, yes, heartily, and cared for with such sacrifice of time as here. And does not the attitude of the literary societies indicate a nobleness of heart? It was especially obvious when we had our last oratorical contest. Did you observe how the three societies that were represented acted? There was not a single yell showing an ignoble rivalry between them. When the Philakean entered the assembly room, singing their song and waving their pennants, all other societies applauded; and when a member of the Plnenix was proclaimed victor, the societies heartily joined the triumphant cry of the Phoenix.” David had grown more and more warm in his talk. Now he stopped and looked at Anton with a provoking smile. The latter leaned back in his chair and calmly answered: “I agree with you entirely, David. Just because I know our young men and women to be noble-minded, I wish to see more evidence of this fact. Manners are the dress of character, and a royal man we expect to see royally dressed. Our lacking in fine behavior is never so evident as in the auditorium and in the class room. A stranger might sometimes think us low-minded. Looking over the seats before me this morning, I saw not less than a dozen persons lounging, while the hymn was being sung. Again, when our President was reading some did not listen at all, but were engaged in studying their lesson. What conclusions would a stranger draw?” The other day, when the gentleman from China was speaking, I was poked in the side and a student said, “Won’t you go to China with me and make a fortune selling soap?” The young man who had put this very important question laughed almost out loud. Then, too, some of our young women cannot sit without whispering. I might mention another thing which, however, does not occur so often. There are a few students who, coming up the stair in the rear of the building, during opening exercises, do not enter the room, but disturb us by opening the door half-way and motioning to a friend in the room." Anton continued, “Very strange it seems to me that even some Seniors do not know how to step before an audience. One might think that anybody, knowing that a thousand eyes 124arc fixed on him, would be careful as to his position. But what do we see sometimes? The piano is a very welcome support for the elbow, on which the whole body of the speaker leans, while the other hand finds its resting place in the trousers’ pocket. I do not know of a figure less inviting to listen to.” Here David interrupted Anton, saying: “This is only in impromptu talks; you will never find it in rostrum work, and besides, 1 have seen men of high position face an audience with their hands in their pockets.” “That may all be true,” replied Anton, “but it does not excuse such an attitude. Everybody knows that in rostrum work he is criticized for his carriage, but a gentleman is always and everywhere a gentleman, and you cannot call a man a perfect gentleman who takes such a position in front of an audience, even if he is a most learned professor.” David listened thoughtfully and Anton went on, “I find the same thing in the class rooms too. There are always some that lounge, and when they are called upon they stand half-leaning on the back of the chair in front of them. You may say we are not under military drill here. That’s so, but is it not true that every well educated man will keep himself under a certain constraint when he is in company, not allowing his laziness to master him, so that it disturbs the eye which seeks for beauty in the form divine? It is the same class of students that forget the distinction between the teacher and student. I heard a young man address an instructor the other day with. “Say,’, and as he was very much satisfied with the professor’s thought, he approvingly answered, “You bet.” I am sure you would not call that good manners. Not long ago when we had a club meeting, and one of the lady teachers sat down to listen, a young woman came near her and ultimately put her arm around the waist of the teacher, who kindly, but quickly loosened herself from the well meant embrace. I suspect, if that young lady had thought about her relation to the teacher and of the presence of all the other members she would have been less intimate and more respectful.” This last statement was laughingly agreed to by David. “You are right. Anton,” he said,” I believe that a little more observation of the rules of politeness would not hurt us at all. But how can we all at once learn the thousands of rules which help to make a man of manners? Do you wish we had a professor here who would give us two quarter’s work in manners?” “That is not my idea at all,” said Anton, “but 1 have lately read an article of the Easy Chair in Harper’s Magazine, that seems to me to hit the point exactly It says something like this: "We American people have the best heart of any nation; but, in general, we are too busy to think of fine manners. If we ever take thought of behavior, we shall have the best manners in the world, probably.” These words tell us the best remedy. Not rules are necessary to be memorized, but in our daily life we must not forget to make life pleasanter; then it will be easy to acquire the Inst manners possible. 126A Toast to Analysis. To be given at a meeting of the Rhetoric class of the third quarter, 1901, two years from now. I am sure there is not one among us who does not remember analysis; just how and when we were initiated through its gracious aid into the mysteries of Carlyle’s style, and led to recognize the formal grace of Macaulay. And when our tests came, then we showed how well we realized the great benefits derived from analysis. In teaching, it was impossible to do without; in criticism, it was of inestimable value; without it, even the children could not do their work properly. It was a pearl beyond price: the philosopher’s stone, which once posessed of, made life’s work one happy dream. Indeed, the one thing necessary to succeed in life was a knowledge of analysis. Now two years have passed, and each of you to night have contributed to the evening’s pleasure: this, I think, has been the purpose of your talks. Your themes so well chosen, both individual and general; so well developed by glowing descriptions and humorous narration. Your language picturesque: and your style could not fail to be elegant with the in fluonce of analysis to help it on. As for the criticism, and the many other blessings of analysis, I leave to you whether our dreams have been fulfilled. But after all, we no longer need think out our outlines for each lesson or paper which we write; the work instinctively plans itself in our minds, and we have analysis with us though unconscious of it. And since it has given to us a system of doing work and has been of aid to us, I know you will join with me in giving this toast to analysis: May its outlines never grow dim.The District School. W. C. Hewitt. I. Along the Winter Road. The wild ice (ringed with ice and snow, The oak-lined hills with birch and beech below, The roadside with its buttonaires of grass, Tied with the frost and nodding as you pass, The mottled maples with their white and brown, The basswood shrub, snow-covered, bending down, The clean-limbed apple trees and barley stubs between. The graceful elm and wide spread evergreen, The marsh in sombre colors, stretching like a sea. The ash and hickory, buds all big with prophecy. The roadside shumac with its tawny gleam, The willows and the alders hanging low above the stream These are the lessons, fresh and undefiled By mortal bungling, set for the country child. II. A Reading Ci.ass. Ah, gentle youth, whose voice I heard In district number three, Thine accents borne on memory’s wing Come oft again to me. One moment I am moved to smile, The next, constrained to tears, Now raised to rapture, but in a trice, Possessed by gloomy fears. For oft the word thou soundest out In such uncanny tone Is one that Noah Webster Would most certainly disown. And then thy slides and emphasis! Thy pauses! fancy free— Their like shall ne’er again be heard. Save in district number three. 127I’ve heard the anvil chorus Of great Gilmore’s mighty baud, I’ve listened to Old Ocean's song As he beat upon the sand. But song or sound shall ne’er abide More steadfastly by me, Than the music of that gentle youth In district number three. III. Companions. Not only ’round the country child The comradeship of marsh and wood, But bird and stream—God’s messengers — It only understood. When the evening twilight brings repose, And night with silent stars is spread, There come to succor and to bless, The presence of all noble dead. We lose them in the city’s blase Of mad and surging throng, But from the wood, the field, the sky, They come a hundred myriads strong. I have a wish that when I die. The funeral train may go Far, far along some shrub lined road Or over new-fallen snow. And if a leaf should chance to turn Or a quail pipe loud and clear, Though ears be deaf and eyes be blind. I know my soul shall hear. God spreads the world of wood and stream And clothes the mountain brow In his divine magnificence, And gives us heaven now. IV. A Type. She wore a comb of tortoise shell, Her eyes were laughing blue, The springtime came —the birds sang sweet When she looked straight at you. 128She coiled her hair upon her head, Two flaxen braids there were; There was no other in the world When you looked straight at her. A shapeiy neck, a forehead white, Red lips just out of reach, Two cheeks with rosy pink That shamed the blush upon the peach. Around her neck a chain of pearls Lay hid in folds of lace, But lace and pearl were quick forgot When you looked in her face. Sure ’twas not wrong to wish to kiss Those lips—Her little hand to hold, For she was but a country child And only ten years old. V. Another. 1 heard the slow, uncertain movement of his speech, But behind that tardy tongue, Wrapped up in brain is that deep manhood Which patriot poets sung. Though shoes be heavy and coat be plain, And awkward the hand to hold the pen, O Mother State, these are forgot When you have need of men. Broad are the shoulders where shall rest The imperial policy of a nation's care, And firm upon the earth must stand The feet of those who throw our banner to the air. O future kings of toil and wealth, 0 coming princes, called of God to rule, 1 see you now amid your humble silences, Patiently at work within the district school. VI Conclusion. A mighty heterogenous stream of bloods and races; A mighty mingling of all sects and creeds; An earnest for a future full of mighty deeds. The mighty far-fetched blocks and beams and girders, Trued and set by an eternal Hand, To build the temple of a great and noble land. A mighty army—sometimes slow but moving on, Casting off old-world servitude and brutishness of tribe and clan. Winning by worth—nobler than heraldic name—a true American W. C. Hewitt. 1 29HUMOROUS DARTS FROM THE QUIVER “Uat'f rutvv time j ou feel tickled And Inff once in a uiliile annuiag.” Sosh Hillings. 131V 3lOur Seniors A donkey he lived in a Normal school, A Senior donkey was he. He lived ever in the brightness of day, Exposed to the power of wisdom's bright ray, And when he did right he was certain to say, “I'm nobody’s fool, do you see?” A Junior class came to this great Normal School, And happened this donkey to see, “Now, Faculty, give us half a chance And we’ll make this mule lead a fairy dance, And follow us round with his bray and his prance, We’re nobody's fools, do you see?” A Junior class wants to do all that they can, This Senior class happy to see, So they tried every method this donkey to catch: They called on Freshie and Sophy to watch As the Senior's good will he was going to snatch, We’re nobody’s fools, do you see? The donkey was wary as ever a cat. Eluding our grasp every time Till Junior, disguised as a farmer man, Filled with choicest oats a bright tin pan, And seeing them Quiver the mule quickly ran, And we caught him right in his prime. The donkey was caught wearing a laurel wreath, Though he was e’en as lean as could be, And needed the food by a Junior bestowed, As much as if ne’er he had helped eat the load From a Junior reception garden held, When he was still young don't you see? Z. D. K. A. (translating) —“He put his arms about her and said, ‘Forgive me!’ and—Er Mr. Dresden —“Read on." D. K. A.— “I can’t put it in words but 1 can imagine it ” 133A Mystery Solved. It is a groat mystery to many how we happened to have the check system of examin ations inaugurated. You will have various reasons —time saved, no cramming, and so on, urged as the cause. “Listen here.” Last fall, under the old system, one of our best teachers failed to appear to conduct her examination. Although the President signed her excuse, it was thought best to devise some means whereby no mistakes could occur. A teacher may have the advantage of European travel, and the reputation for being the most painstaking and for having the best command of the English language of any of the Faculty and still—. Well, good came of that error, for we like the new way best. Happy Phunnystances. Pkok.—“You do not see the beautiful tracery made by the leaves upon the grass by moonlight, because you generally go by two's and are intent on another branch of biology.” On the first trip of the Bird Club, Mr. Goddard happened to turn his binoculars on the party itself. Someone asked him what kind of birds they resembled, and he replied, “AH jays.” Miss Turner (angrily)—“Oh, no, Mr. Stecker and I are nightingales.” Miss Apthorp. — “Was 1 reading to this class about Hercules? No, that is the Ca-sar class. About the Amazons?” Miss O’Connor. — “Yes, that’s us.” Miss A. (surprised)— “Are you an Amazon?” Greatest Fall Since Rome Fell. A maiden fair of stature great Had come to the dear zoo lab. And put a specimen onto a slide To investigate and nab. She reached her hand out for a stool. (She meant to sit thereon) But the stool, like the parson’s one boss shay, Gave out at once—Whereon! [Prof. Fling says the floor is intact and the plastering undisturbed in the Auditorium -but he can’t explain the miracle.] Z. 1 34A Mid-Winter Night's Dream ’Tis said that our music instructor Has tried ever since she came, To make of professional music A study instead of a game. To many the way has been easy, And “do-sol” worried them not a whit. But to one poor sorrowing Junior Music brought trouble a bit. Of course he'd not tell the story,— Provided he were awake— But when to sweet dreamland he wandered, His troubles his reason did take. Tho’ had he confined thought and action To his own dreams we never had guessed, But his work in the elocution department Had shown him that to talk was far best. From his room-mate Sleep fled distracted, When a voice, rusty, sepulchral in tone, Kept time to an athletic number, With an “Up-down, up-down” and “Up-down!” Now that arm beat the headboard right loudly, Now aimed a blow at the mate, Who lay wondering if professional music Would knock all else out of his pate! Now the thought of the dreamer wandered. And forth came definitions just found— “Sf” means “Surprisingly forceful,” And “Pp” signifies to “Please pound.” Then he pauses and takes up the old tune In tones we are told could well drown The squalls of our Normal School Orchestra,— “Up-down,” and “Up-down,” and “Up-down!" If you’re thinking of taking up music, Just hear some advice e’er you dare: “Please rent a room way up in Greenland And don't ask another to share; When you learn the best time for your pupils, Keep the words going right—that’s what charms, But the safest way is, on retiring. Bandage your mouth —then tie down your arms.” E. N. 135Base-Ball—Normalites. The Star Event of the Season.—Faculty vs. Brains, as Represented by the Seniors. The-Sons-of-the-Faculty to play the Senior Stars at Combination Park on Saturday, May 4th. There is a great deal of interest manifest in the coming game of base ball between the Faculty and the Seniors at Combination Park. Professor Briggs has contracted for seven hogsheads of Oshkosh lemonade. Professor Dresden is provided with an 144-square-foot score board so all fouls may be recorded. The Seniors have purchased sixteen bolts of bunting for felt banners, and the game will undoubtedly prove a grand success. A talk with the manager of the Senior team. Fritz Running Hamilton, reveals that many of the Seniors besides the girls have been ruled off the team for failure to comply with the training rules: Mr. Dempsey because he cannot be convinced that a true sportsman never wears facial adornment; D. K. Allen for failing to come down to the required weight: George Walter for being above minimum height and unable to get an excuse from parents; Abbott for being below maximum height: and G. A Benedict because he is a professional catcher. This leaves twelve, however; so when W. W. Stewart’s fancy curves tire him out. Kauffman can turn twirler: and if Purvey proves a poor catch. Logan will surely be successful as he is experienced. Hamilton. Hanquet. Swartz and Mortimer art- all sons of the sod, and right in their places in the field. Gores. Loew, DeKelver and Armstrong are usually on their bases, so we expect great things from them. Minsart has learned to stop short through arguing with Gallagher, so his place is assured Manager Rufus Heavy Halsey says the Faculty are all in prime condition, and that he has engaged Miss Howard to lead their yells Miss Kimball has written some Faculty songs, and Miss Webster has made the banners geometrically exact and also secured a “little red hen for a mascot." He regrets that he will be unable to put in any substitute, however, as of the twelve men in the Faculty three have been ruled out—Sage because he is too scientific, Briggs because he was out after ten o’clock at night, and Dresden because he was found smoking. Mitchell is expected to do something wonderful in girdling the earth on the bases. Goddard and Fling will not stop to examine flies, but just strike out. Clow is in outline form for walking. Halsey will not stop to consider excuses of the umpire. Trettien has a notion that he can hold mental bases. Lough has agreed to be called at 7:30. so as to to be tardy at 2:00 p. m. Hewitt has laid out the diamond, and has promised not to stop playing to talk. Blair will forego roots and tend strictly to the teams of the game. So everybody come and bring a horn. Z. 137“After the Game was Over.” Score IS to 26. in favor of Seniors. “What Wknt Ye Am. Our for to See?” Juniors. — “The base-ball game. Mr. Trettien faint; Mr. Clow and Professor Fling climb fences; Mr Halsey, Mr. Hewitt and Mr. Goddard steal bases; Mr. Briggs as a vender; Mr. Mitchell use forceful language; the lady members of the Faculty cheer." Seniors. — “We went, we saw, we conquered ” Faculty. — “We went that we might see oursils as ithers see us.’ ” “What Learned Yf. Thereby?" “We all learned—that we are “good-(iooking) people." President Hai.sey.—“I learned that morning reading should be deep not frivolous, and that I need to study elocution.” Miss Maori;. — “I realize the absolute necessity of a lower chair, and am certain I shall never look so pretty again " Miss Clark.—“We never outgrow our childish desire to imitate our elders even by taking imaginary trips." Mr. Hewitt. — “One may ride a hobby and still not stick to the saddle." Miss Heward. - “1 never dreamed it was because 1 looked sweet that all were so careful not to open wide their mouths.” Miss Kimball. —“Promptness is appreciated even if not imitated." Mr. Dresden. - “I am forcibly impressed by the fact that I need a room of my own where 1 can have a book case.” Mr. Briggs.— “1 never knew I looked severe; I must learn to smile." Juniors. — “We are more formidable than the FACULTY " CHORUS (echoing along the corridor from the Rhetoric room).—“We do not care how often we are impersonated if by such sweet representatives.” Let me close in the words of the poet (who is a famous captain): 138Lines to the Senior Faculty who Took Charge of Opening Exercises, May 9, 1901. (With Apologies to Robiiie Burns.) “O wad some power the giftie gie us To see oursils as ithers see us, It wad fra’ many a blunder free us, An' foolish notion.” We thank thee, giftie, for the power, When we gave up the morning hour. To see the looks both sweet and sour That each one shows, When students’ keenest recollection Held up the mirror for inspection That each might see his own reflection— Just how he goes. The President’s reading, thick, erra ic, With frequent pauses not dramatic, And stress of voice not all emphatic,— We heard at first. The leader's walk so quick and nervous We noticed as she came to serve us, With arm outstretched so straight and curveless, Ere music burst. The rural schools had their share in it; The globe, with agents 'round to spin it And earn them dollars every minute, Was there in force. We saw the optic all in mourning, The shaking shoulders, temperance scorning. And solemn looks each face adorning Without remorse. We thank you, students for the frolic, 'Twas better far than rest bucolic To banish headaches diabolic And cares that lurk. Our daily toil will seem the lighter, Our years will longer be and brighter, And teachers, students with the writer Renew their work. 139A Shirtwaist Boy. “Be not the fust hy whom the new is tried Nor yet the last to lay the old aside." When Albert read these words he sighed. New customs may ridiculous, unmanly be But our star bass would e’er in fashion be. “Oh! I must have a shirt waist, Ma!” he said,— “If not in style I better might be dead." But in Junior meeting we all nearly died When the innovation came with AI inside. Z. Founded on Fact. i. There were two Profs, from our school, And they were wondrous wise, But when they left fair Oshkosh They got beyond their size. II. So they thought they would come home again. Take up life’s work once more, And voted life at Normal Was not really such a bore. III. Thus, they rose up very early To catch the morning train But, when they reached the station, They found 'twas all in vain. IV. The train had gone! It did not wait! A very strange mishap! ! Said Prof. - to Prof. — we might, perhaps, Get in another nap. J. M. B. 140Books By Famous Authors. “The Strange Story of My Life,” 6 Vol. L. C Arps. “The Reasoning of a Dog.” Sara B. McKenna. “How to Write Music,” 18 Vol. James E. Lough. “Rhetorical Value of the Study of Henry W. Grady,” 16 Vol. James F Cavanaugh. “Revival of Bryan and Establishment of ar. Empire." 24 Vol. Edward J. Dempsey. “Problem of the Folding Bed and Its Solution: A compilation of facts and investiga- tions.” L C. Arps and J. F. Cavanaugh. “In the Cold Land of Professional Arithmetic and the Rescue.” May F. Kelley. “How to Become a Financier.” Joseph P. Goebel. “How a Man May Be Driven to Drink or the Art of Gestures Elucidated." Joseph Hardgrove. “Everyday Ills and What to Do." 6 Vol. Gertrude Kennedy. “Eugene V. Debs’ Theory ol Government Justified,” 22 Vol. Max Goeres. “Cats and Dogs: Their Habits, a Basis of Nature Study,” 26 Vol. James D. Cowgill. “Leading the Lyon by a Tender Cord.” Phebe E. Lane. “Seventeen Years a Philosopher or Why We Should Not Mark Books.” Mary E. Apthorp. “Improved Rules of Order,” 16 Vol. B. J. Gallagher. “Geological Composition of Normal Mental Architecture. A series of Lectures on Bluffs,” 19 Vol. D. K. Allen. “Competition in Road Construction, or How .uni’s Effect Travel," 4 Vol. F. E. Kelley. “What to Wear,” :6 Vol. A. B. Houghton. “The Korrect ” A Treatise for Barbers." William Owens. “My Favorite Ghost.” Charles Schiefelbein. “How to Make Fudges.” Dorothy Shipman. “Potato Culture,” 17 Vol. Zaidce I. Bouvee. “Possibilities of An Umbrella in Flirtation,” 16 Vol. B. W. Weenink. 1 4 1V' v» Hardgrove Did It. Every week ’tis the custom in our school To suspend one recitation, That in essay-reading we may shine, Debate and Declamation. One day a man in eloquence Suspended high a gesture “I turn my eyes up to behold!” Forgot the rest so-guessed her. Z. To a Model Department Urchin. Johnny hung his little sister (She was dead before they missed her) Johnny’s alius up to trix! Ain't he cute?—he's only six. Johnny with his little axe Dealt his brother awful whacks. He don’t care if mama kicks. Ain't he cute?—he’s only six. johnny with a bowie knife Separated ina and life, Now he’s in another fix. Ain’t he cute?—he's only six. Johnny’s gone trom bad to worse Now his father's in a hearse. Smeared him with a load of bricks. Ain’t he cute?—he’s only six. Johnny saw a buzz saw buzz Like a bike—and tho’t it wuzz. Johnny's corpse is full of nicks Ain’t he cute?—he’s only six. 142 AnonA Glance Backward.—2001. Tlui stewdent lukt up frum hiz buk, remoovd—thu lenzez frum hiz mikroskops and substitcwted a glas. “I find that thu beginning uv the century waz setled ten dekads ago. At thu beginning uv thu twentieth century thu anshents held just sutch a discushun as we today. Bi this time he had adjusted thu bits uv agoni rathr comonly caild panes in hiz opticalaric sashes and becam awar that no one had seen his revelashun. But suddenly thu air becam vibrant and from all sids thu wirless telcfone bells rung noiselessly. Putting up his auditorometer thu sientist heard the air vibrating in this mannor: “Good da!” “Hou du u du” he answered. "Whu r u?” “I am Hewitt, thu mathematishun. descendent of W. C. Hewitt of horse-radish fame." “Did you say thu century question wuz settld ten dekads ago?” “Yes, 1 fownd it in an acccownt buk belonging to a fiend of W. C. The del wuz tu be canseled on thu furst da uv thu twentieth cenchury, but they cold not agre and got V. C. to seile it. He suited the debtor but thu uther felo got mad and thu acownt is stil riming if no one has stopt, balanst it and convad it to thu wurk hows for wandering Hills. Thu sientist put siteless pegs in the tclefono register so no mor sowndles messages culd be recefed—then pickt up a musty volumn printd on glosles paper with culerles ink and disatisfied that thu cenchury culd be left setld bi his ansestors peruzed Hewitt’s Thotles thots uv a Teacheales Pupil, while an unseen volumn uv Halsey’s Unrevision of Spelling Reform; or Letterless words, and Kimball’s Synthesis of Destructive Slang formed a downles pillow for his brainless head. 143 • V, iMiss Webster Outwitted Listen, dear friends, if you would hear How George Hewitt made geometry clear. The situation was something fearful; And George’s eyes were becoming tearful, For that lad had come with never a string, And without it he couldn’t do a thing,— For the circles he drew were afllicted with mumps And Miss Webster’s brow was roughened with bumps,. As George, with sweeps so graceful and grand, Would have had Miss Webster understand ’Twas all a mistake His circles would take A course so wiggly and wobbly too. Poor George! ’twas the best that he could do. But Miss Webster was prim and precise that day, So she shook her head in a positive way, And insisted those awful things would not do To prove the theorem. Alas! ’twas true Indeed, that something had got to be done, For the recitation had only begun; He could not hope now for the tinkling chimes Of the signal bell, so welcome at times, When thoughts come slow, And time won’t go. The choice was small, to draw circles or fail, No wonder that George was shivering and pale; No wonder he trembled with righteous ire; No wonder he thought his needs were dire; No wonder his face filled with blank dismay; No wonder he thought he saw stars that day; The tears, how they fell and his rosy cheeks spattered!! How his knees shook!! How his teeth chattered!! When sudden he rose from this pitiful state, A wonderful thought had just entered his pate. His face fairly beamed like a bright silver dollar As his necktie he tore from his seven-inch collar. Tear—split - but it came with a terrible wrench That sent a shock to the farthest bench; But a necktie, sometimes, is a most useful thing, 'Twill serve to draw circles as well as a string. George proved it; then turned, with a smile serene, Gave his theorem again, shot a glance so keen At Miss Webster’s back that she fairly shook. But the theorem he proved, and with satisfied look Went back to his seat. The deed was done! In our hearts we applauded, every one. But, “What of the necktie?” did you say? Oh, we’ve not seen the necktie since that day. 145 X Y. Z.The Inseparables 1 i Mr. Mitchell, the earth and “my dog ' M r. Goff and his tooth pick. Mr. Allen and the Ladies’ Study. Dr. Lough and his wife. Miss Swart and Interview. M iss Henderson’s (?) and a frightened essayist. Mr. Briggs and his shoulder (even when he is laughing at a girl). Mr. Morgan and an apron string. Mr. Gallagher and Rules of Order. Miss Webster, truth and a little red hen. M r. Cavanaugh and Henry W. Grady. Practice-teachers and trouble, rush, hurry, worry. Mr. Dempsey and his tongue (!!!). Mr. Velte and his name. Music, power to subdue lions and Miss Williamson. Mr. Arps and Fiction, or Strange doings. Miss Lewis and Professional Arithmetic. 4 I f I 1 146Faculty Mail Bag, Cupid's Offering, February 14. To President R. H. Halsey: On the sea of Normal trouble We have yet to find your double. Beloved Prexy! thou art captain, Thou dost guide us on our “course;” Thou dost hold the helm full firmly, In every gale thou’rt our resource. To W. C. Hewitt: Inspector of methods in district schools, We fain would follow all thy rules. In giving exams you’re quite a dandy When you give for a theorem, a box full of candy. To H. N. Goddard: Sweet voiced singer, thou art loved E’en as you love feathered singers: And Nature Work is our delight When at 5:00 a. m. we look for wing-ers. To Miss Peake: Thou lovest Browning and dogs alike; Ey-ther play or dark you shun; We obtain your kind approval When our work is thought well done. To Miss Henderson: Oh, Josie, dear sweet Josephine, With classic face and icy mien, (Why is that trite?) Who never from your duty swerves, E’en though our quaking, quivering nerves (Say, is that trite?) Do make our hearts to palpitate. While wishing we were not too late We hearken to our awful doom. Which sends us to the President’s room. (Say, is that trite?) Yet, spite of all, in this valentine We say with all, “Miss Henderson’s fine!” 147To Miss Webster: Oh, Emily, dear Emily! For sight of thee I’m pining; In Prof. Arithmetic I’d be E’en four whole quarters dying, If only once my lot, to see That cherub smile bestowed on me. To A. H. Sage: Adolphus, O thou learned one, In thee all wisdom was begun; Thou art well named, O Sage of mine. Pray do accept my valentine. To Miss Kimball: How can this poor pen of mine For Lillian write a valentine? How shall 1 make my English Soar into heights of literature? Oh, were I blessed with the gift of song, To her I’d sing the whole day long, Who coyly sits upon the table (What is that old proverb or fable?) And swings her feet in ecstasy While arguing with Ella G. To Miss Strong: There’s a lady whose surname is Strong, Who hasn't sojourned with us long, The students who know her Just love and adore her Say, she’s “simply great," Captain Swart’s mate. This lady who never does wrong. To Herr Dresden: Von alien licben Lchrern 1st nicht am wenigsten belicbt Der uns im Deutschen lehrt. Die Zahl von den Verehrern Die lernend taeglich ihn umgiebt Wird jedes Jahr vermehrt. Nie werden wir vergessen Die Much und Treue dessen, End wohnt er auch im Keller noch Wir rufen: “Dreimal Hoch! Hoch! Hoch! 148To Miss Apthorp: In the swamps the pussy-willow—o—o Dons her soft gray coat of fur, Can you tell me why you so— o- o Delight in hearing pussy purr? And the soft sound of the purring Makes you stroke with lighter pen: When our Latin you’re correcting Have a Tabby near you then. To L. W. Briggs: Dear little Briggsie, sitting in your office, We come to jolly you—listen to your fun; By your bright jokes and stories Girls’ hearts are completely won. If we please you greatly, shake your shoulders down; Hunt us up a schoolhouse in a backwoods town. To Miss Alvord: To you, fair Katharine, I come, My joys an.d woes to bring. You'll not think us ‘•mean to you” If your praises we do sing. We bring thee laurels. Katharine, Accept them as a valentine. To Miss Jennie Marvin: In all the corps of teachers kind, I know full well you cannot find One who guards with such jealous care The Oshkosh Normal’s honor fair. When all the other methods fail To turn the balky sinner pale, Our Jennie Marvin moves to tears, Thus sets him right for future years. With such heart-rending words as these She brings him on his penitent knees, “When the school’s honor is at stake Have you no sacrifice to make?” To Miss Clark: “Help me, Harriet, or I drown” Cry all who in Elocution breathe, To articulate and spell by sound, That we may wear an orator’s crown. 149To Miss Swart: In honored Rose a friend we’ve found, A fast one, too, the whole year ’round; Not fickle-minded, no, not she; Her heart is full of constancy. She ne’er forgets to write us crits, That sometimes scatter far our wits And make us wish we’d never grow'd To bear the practice teacher’s load. ’Tis then this good friend bids us rise, And once more strike out for the prizc-An excellent mark. To F. E. Mitchell: That wonder from Oshkosh Normal, That great globe inventor, That great rink projector, Whose recognition will soon be formal, From the Russian C .ar to the Persian Shah, From Timbuctoo and Kalama .oo, From our eastern states past Arkansas, From the Philippine Isle, and Ceylon too From far Japan and Beloochistan. They make with us a wondrous van; Enlightened by Mitchell's globe wc come To homage pay this marvelous one. To J. E. Lough: Dear Doctor Lough, We are not slow To see thy charms and graces. We love thee well, indeed we do. For thee our hearts beat firm and true. But how can we that “dear dorg" love? Give us instead a turtle dove! 160To Miss Potter: In our library, so they tell me, You will find a little maid Who is very small of stature, And is very, very staid. Yet her smile is very sunny, And it’s very, very funny How she always keeps her temper In performance of her duty, Her name 1 know you’ll guess In an instant, or in less, If I hinted that she’s known to us as Lutie. To Mr. Trettien: O, Herr Trettien, To us you seem A walking definition Of what a teacher ought to be; A living rule by which, if we Should follow very diligently, We may some day be led to see Of what real value Theory is, In teaching in the state of Wis. To Miss Magee: Here’s to thee, Harriet Cecil Magee, A lady of culture, well skilled in art; Indeed, thou livest a little apart From common mortals, away up high, For the art room’s located near the sky. ’Tis here you must go if inspired you'd be, For the gods drop their blessings down, you see, Through the skylight to Harriet Cecil Magee. To Miss Parmele: With footsteps light, and movement spry, With head thrown back and nose turned high, My lady walks, a ruling queen, To our library, where I ween She’s other subjects than mere books. Our hearts are hers, with cold cruel looks To break at pleasure, or to raise To dizzy heights in various ways; Then when our passions she’d subdue, Says sweetly, “Ten days fines are due!” 151To Miss Parsons: Dear Queen Parsons, we adore thee. See, we bend the knee befoie thee. Thou dost awe us with thy walk, dear. We are silenced by thy talk, dear. ( When she sets her shoulders squarely Note her a la militaire!) To William R. Blair: Exponent of wisdom! we send to thee Our choicest “tarms” of grief, Our reasons you do “fumble” and “down," So in “rackets” we find relief. To Miss Carter: Champion of the links! supporter of Sage In golf “driving" you may excel. Thy sunny smile and cheerful face We love to see full well. To H. R. Fling: In making the “chahts” we get nearly crazy And often we fain would set up a growl; In desperation our hair we would tear If it, like thine, could be combed with a towel. To Miss Davenport: In bird ah huhs you do delight And rise up ere the orb of day, Long walks with Nature then you take. To hear the birds sing out their lay. To F. R. Clow: Oh! would to us the power were given History and Economics to outline; We then might be enabled To suit thee in a valentine. To Miss Williams: I know a maiden passing fair. She wears a crown of soft brown hair: She’s not yet passed her teens they say. Yet little folks her voice obey. And since they all love her so well She must be very amiable, Thou charming Jennie Williams! 162To Miss Guion: “Mebby" we can’t please thee For in Compo- we don't shine, But we “ruthcr” think we’ll try To write a concise valentine. To Miss Haskell: Instructor of babes, writer of “crits, I venture to approach thee; But 1 will stop with my regards Ere you can once reproach me. To Miss Heward: Sweet “Grade," dear, light of my sol. The re from thy beaming eye Makes us sing whether we will or no When you say, “Make a nice round eye." So we bravely to the “Battle Awn” When thy song bids care be gone. To Miss Clara Marvin: To thee, O Clara Marvin, Be many praises given; Thy office trials and troubles Would certainly have driven A small mind to distraction, But trifles have no attraction For a large mind such as yours. With a patience all enduring. Nothing her from duty luring, She makes out all our rewards, Each for veracity insuring. To Miss Look: Susanne, Susanne, O smile on me, Don’t crush me with such dignity! I do admire thy stately gait, But can it ever be my fate Thy courtly ways to imitate? I am so very small, you know, But do you think that I might grow? Do you think a stretch I’d take If in gymnastics I’d gyrate? Would I e’er that mandate learn Which once you gave, “Backs forward, turn 1 03To Mrs. Pond: Thou has joined the martyrs’ ranks, Dear Mrs. Pond! Thus to thee are many thanks For this heroic action due, O, Mrs. Pond! May you never, never rue The day that bound you to The Oshkosh Normal and its students, Mrs. Pond. » 154 »1 OpVv (k $IJ Rudd Co., Oshkosh, Wis. Gents:—For the past two years I have been suffering with an abnormal growth of fuzz on my upper lip. Following the advice of all the old women in the city, 1 have tried everything from Castoria (Babies cry for it) to Humphrey’s Specific, but with no relief. Hoes, rakes, jack-knives, glass and chisels have been severally tried, but with uo success. At last, with the danger of another growth on my chin staring me in the face, as a last resort I purchased one of your No. .005 razors and experienced instant relief. You may publish this testimonial if you wish. Wishing you success in your efforts to help suffering humanity, 1 am Gratefully yours, Glf.n La Prairie, mss BKRRO X t “V. )HCW TOR •mss T,oatM3AtCK JUSi XXRRLH-. 166Sick List at the Normal Hospital. TMK OISKASK. TMK AKfLICTKD. MOW COXTMACTKP. TMK Cl'KK »t-OOK TKD. Giggling Continually! Daisy Jenkyns Associating with K. Strange Hopeless Case Calling Sunday P. M’aJ Guy Benedict It's a Mystery Graduation Talking Matilda Hodden "Horn dat Way” The l.ock j]w "Goo Coo Kyc»" Bessie Green At the Theatre An Operation Proantitrantsubstansialionable ni'M (Too Much Study) Max Goercs Normal Surroundings Los Beauty Mildred McComb Oshkosh Atmosphere Paint Pet Phrase Gertrude Kennedy Originality A good Parrot Corpulency Lawson l.nrvey Over-Eating Fasting Renowned Parial Expression Dave Allen Deep Thought (?) Come back to Earth Squelching Alta I-etvis Habit Go to the North Pole Frequenting the I.ibrarv during "Certain Hour " Kibe l’u»» Maxwell “One Night" Be Good and Obey Arguing Gallagher Naturally Isolation Writing Poem J. F. Cavanaugh A Fertile Brain. "Forget It" Abnormal Deselopment o( Nerve Geo. Cofl Sell-Introspection Soak Head in Arnica Worrying Chav McCone Troubling Trouble Don't Innocence Bernice McCourt Through the ma 7 ( c) None Jollying Katherine Blackman Oshkosh Environment Leave the City Chatting with GirU S- W. Murphy Always Thusly Afflicted Attend a Boy's School Hair Dressing Wra. Owens Exaggerated Imitation Bald Headednes Dancing Kent Morgan Can't Tell The Ministry (Methodist A Natural Liking lor the Hoy . Miss Sersaty Dancing Eye Sage Tea Larygnosis ,'Dialocation of Vocal Chord Ed Dempsey Elocution and Electioneering Three pints of bo-bibby bib bib bo as a gargle Writing Character Skctche Sadye Hearn Oratorical Programs and Debates Observe whrn at the Roller Kink. 166What Class is It? In which you meet a “little red hen”? In which you can’t tell “American lies”? In which you can’t “blarney” the teacher? In which you may talk to the teacher’s back? In which the teacher says, “I’d be jealous of the blackboard too.”? Of which Miss Hatch said, “Oh. it’s like the Senate, one-third goes out each term.”? In which was said: “Fred Hamilton, you may put this on the board, I want to draft a veteran”? Of which was said: “History repeats itself,” as the student drew Walsh’s Primary Arithmetic for the third time? In which was said: “You people could walk through a burdock hedge and not get scratched. Nothing sticks to you.”? In which was said: “A surgical operation is necessary to get ideas into some people’s heads, and a pair of forceps to get them out of some other people’s."? That makes Mr. Murphy dream thus: “I was in heaven and met a class mate. The teacher came up and said, You’U find the truths I taught you in will hold good in heaven.’ ”? That makes Miss Oertel dream thus: “The teacher gathered us about the fountain on the campus. She commanded us to rest our hands on the edge and then immerse our heads. We did so as she pronounced the words, ‘I absolve you from denominate numbers.’ When we withdrew our heads the water was purple.”? Mr. Smith (In Rhetoric.) “There are several eruptions in the poem.” President Halsey: (Advising about changing rooms) “Students should not attempt to hold their landladies----.’’ Mr. West: “Two years ago I was boarding with another farmer. — What in the world are you fellows laughing at?” Mr Mitchell: “Now all of you who are of foreign decent, raise your hands ’’ (Seeing an inattentive pupil.) “Here you Donohue what are you here for.” Landlady: “Lillie, you are the only one whose appetite is good.” Parrot: “Take Ayers’ in the spring, my dears.” Practice teacher (ninth grade.) “Take for example the plural of girl, girls; boy, boys; bird, etc Now, after you’ve sat up all night with the first one or two of these it isn’t so-hard to get the other.” 157Habit was the Cause N C. H OV»XS 0 TWSL f TCtt TOWK In Professional Music class one day, G d-s-n got up to teach, He felt quite out of place, you know, As for the pitch pipe he did reach. He glanced quite shyly at Miss Howard; He could not understand this work; Hut bravely as is e’en his habit, Said, “Take do now from the pitch-fork.” Z. Mr. Schwartz was preparing to teach his practice class, down in Mr Dresden’s room. “Down! up! Down! up! D—” Just then a drop of hot water from the steam pipe above, went down inside Fred’s collar, and for a time he forgot his music, his English, his everything, except that he had started to say a word beginning with “D. ’ Immediately he came to himself and went on in the usual habit, “Darn it! Sing!” (See illustration of musical terms.) Miss Magee (In Prof. Drawing.) “If the person has not personal magnitude (magnetism) enough to hold the attention of the class, there must be something radically wrong.” Mr. Mitchell: “Do we shudder when we enter a dark room?” Miss Minahan: “I don’t think we do.” Mr. Gallagher: “We do when we are young." In these days of smokeless powder, wireless telegraphy, horseless carriages, wordless songs, moveless flying machines, coatless men and pointless jokes. Professors Mitchell and Fling have agreed that the hairless man is the height of up-to-dateiveness. Echo from Alcthian: Miss Rodenbaeck: “You have not looked up Browning as you should.” Chorus: “We could find nothing.” Miss Meyer: “Why, in the Ladies Home Journal was a series of love letters to Eliza- beth Barrett, (Browning) which were excellent, in fact, the best I ever read.” Miss S. “I can’t see anything on this frog-skin." Mr. DeK. “Can’t you see the hair?" Miss S. “No, I didn't know the frog had hair." Mr. DeK. (Solemnly.) “Why, right there?" Miss S. “Oh, yes, now 1 see it.” (But now she wonders how much she was marked when she said so in class.) 168Paternal Advice to Freshmen. i. Put away your toys and rattle, Little Freshies, You don’t need your childish prattle, Here at Normal, little Freshies. Innocence may be good stuff, But you’ll have to learn to bluff, Ere you’re Juniors, little Freshies: II. Since infants need much sleep, you know, Little Freshies,----- Tis fitting you to bed should go. Just at sundown, little Freshies; Don’t, until your prayers are said, And your Bibles well you’ve read, Close your peepers, little Freshies. III. The Ladies’ Study you must shun, Little Freshies; Let not your feet to its doors run, While you’re growing, little Freshies; Let others tread those parts who will, You've other ways your time to kill, Not so bewildering, Freshies. IV. Thus, through such conduct you will learn. Little Freshies, All your befuddled thoughts to turn In the right direction, Freshies, Then no doubt your class will be The model of propriety, For all forthcoming Freshies. J. M. B. A classic form and noble eye, Commanding walk, glance stern and high; A taste for fudges, large and sweet, And anything else that’s good to eat — That's Louie.Aunt Kathie's Information Bureau. All questions cheerfully answered. Enclose stamp if private answer is desired. Alice F. — See arswer to Florence W. Ethel. I’d have the front view of the pictures finished. It certainly flatters you more. Visa. — It is right for you to help entertain your room mate's guests, even if not necessary. Lucii.e. — I think, judging by the color of the glass eye you sent me, that olive will he becoming to you. Nellie D.—If you will “listen heah,” and read the answer to 13. G. in 1904 Quiver, your |uestion will be answered. B. J. G. — I never did say it, but I do truly think that the newspaper cut of a person is the greatest and blackest of libels. Florence W. — If your mother would approve of your driving with a hoy younger than yourself, I can see no harm in it. You have the idea exactly. Sara C. B.—No. I think it would be all right if you went to the ball game with a young man, provided he had a good relation to the Faculty team. Lutie. — When you chaperone a crowd, it is perfectly proper to reprimand a young man for being “sentimental," even though he be Demosthenes. lingering about Florence. Annie F.—Young girls wear their hair tightly pompadoured, with a bow on the top of the head. The hair is then braided and turned up into the nape of the neck with another bow of ribbon. Alta. — If you are mistaken for someone else, just because some other someone else is singing “I Don’t Know Why I Love You, But I Do,” to your double, I do think the person who reported you should correct her error. Mr. Dresden: “How would you decline ‘ein gootcr mon?’ ” Miss Turner: “Ich kan nicht." F. Kelley, after talking of Scott Street: “Well!” (feels of his biceps) “I have a good, strong arm tonight, so I guess I will call.” Miss Reynolds (leaving the building.) “What is the end of education?” Miss Minahan (very abruptly) “Diploma." Prof. Mitchell: (After a talk on the value of illustration.) “Miss Nevitt, sketch a head on the board using as few strokes as possible.” Mr. Mitchell (after sketch is made.) “You might put in a few marks for hair." Miss Nevitt (glancing innocently at Mr. Mitchell.) “Hair isn't necessary.” 1 eoDying Words Thk Quiver of 1901 is finished—so are we. At the last word The Quiver Board experiences one fleeting moment of heavenly joy.—then a sea of oblivion overwhelms its members, and, as the seventeen worn-out heads sink beneath the waves of mental, moral, physical, and financial (?) bankruptcy, the sobbing wind wafts back to earth the mournful echo of their dying words: J. F. C. “Well, won’t—we have to--------?" M. T. “Now—I can go—at my—class-day orat------” J. E. “Gone, alas! like—our youth to the---” I. B. “At last,—done for—so—are—we." C. G. B. “Sensation is the—the—the—idea—tific------” J. G. “I rise no more—to points-of informa----" H. B. “Athletics—are—a power—in a sell-----" M. J. L. “Another annual. Board in sea-----June” A. M. T. “The perspective —is----” E. N. F. “It was—best to—leave-you thus—dear.” L. J. R. “If we must die—let’s do it—grace—ful----” J. M. B. “This has been—worse than—a bicycle col—lis----” J. M. “Now, perhaps, my—practice class-----’’ H. A. S. “That—roller rink was—the death—of—m------” A. C. A. “Put lilies—on my— tom-----” M. H. “I’ve not Ben busy-----but —I--” F. E. K. “Good-------bye—to-----” 161Goins Away Soon ? I'his kind of Weather Reminds one that Vacation time is not far off. To enjoy your outing you must be rightly clothed. Perhaps you need a new suit. If you do, see our Striped Flannels and Blue Serges. We have also some fine Suits in Light Cheviots and Cassimeres. Again, don't forget that we carry a complete line of Men’s Furnishings. We have just the things you will need. Soft Shirts, 59c to $1.00. Better ones up to $1.50. Men’s Shirt Waists, a splendid assortment, $1.00 to $3.00. Underwear, best quality, plain or fancy striped, 48c. But we have also cheaper grades of Underwear, from 25c up to the finest at $2.00 a garment. Plain and Fancy Half Hose, 25c to 48c. Cheaper grades, 5c, 10c, 15c or two for 25c. All sorts of Summer Neckwear, Batwings, Windsors, and many extreme novelties. Our Straw Hat Stock is now at its best. Prices 25c to $2.50. Call on us Mr. Normalite before leaving Oshkosh for the Summer. Let’s Show you our Blue Serge Suits, the Best Money's Worth we ever knew, at $8.45 Great Values in Stylish Summer Flannel Suits, Consisting of Coat and Trousers, at $10.00 ONTinenx ” aOTHING HOUsi l£S-l£7 MAIN AT. 162F. A. PLUMMER CO. Dress Goods, Silks, Notions Millinery, Underwear, Hosiery, Men's Furnishings, Gloves, Draperies, Domestics, Wash Goods, Shirt Waists, Muslin Underwear, Etc. Mid iimmpr the heighth of the season» with the sun s direct rays, come the days out of doors. Everywhere people are planning for excursions, pic-nics and vacations; dull days for business, not at all, in every department our store is fully equipped to meet the increased demands of our patrons, fully alive to their interests. Wherever you intend to spend your vacation You Must be Suitably Dressed to Enjoy the Summer. What’s more seasonable than the dainty SHIRT WAIST. Every taste and purse can be suited in this department. The styles are catchy and tempting. The colorings are exquisite, as fresh and new as the morning. We are headquarters for Waists and the assortment excells any shown heretofore. Their style, grace, fit, general air of dainty freshness, distinguishes them from the common order. What is most remarkable about them is that so much prettiness can be sold for the price we ask. When it Comes to Cotton Dress Fabrics Our goods will fill the bill, they are the best for the particular customer because our designs are exclusive, they are the best for those that want to economize, for our prices are the lowest. In this department you will find Sheer Lawns, Swiss Muslins, Dimities, Piques, Wash Chiffons, India Linens, Batistes, Silk Ginghams, Mercerised Fabrics, Novelty Stripes, Summer Silks, in white and all the beautiful colors of summer flowers. F. A. Plummer Co. 85-87 MAIN STREET. . 163Duplicates from Nicholson or Ely Negatives. OSHKOSH. Ground Floor Studio. Maker of Pictures by Photography 202 Main Street. The greater part of the Photographic Illustrations of the Volume are productions from my Studio. The Picture “In Boyhood's Happy Hours" was awarded First Prize in the Genre Class at the last competition of the P. A. of Wis. A. Lichtenberger G. H. Ablard Dealer in Dealer in Family Groceries Fresh Salted and Smoked Meats Telephone 178. Telephone 928-3. No. 282 Main Street, 116 WEST IRVING STREET, Oshkosh, Wis. Oshkosh, Wis. Gives reasonable rates to Normal Clubs. Patronize me as 1 patronize you. 166Dan L,. Johnson, Photographic Studio, 171 Main Street, Oshkosh, W' s. Fancy Flannel Outing Suits of the celebrated " R W ' make. Tasteful, dresiy pattern . Haodtome, »lyli h. perfect tilling garment . The correct thing lor thl tea ton. “Let Good Apparel Wait on Perfect Style and Moderate Price on Both." This applies forcibly to clothing bearing our label. Moderate cost, perfect style and qualities above reproach. Those are the points that have built up our clothing trade. YOUNG MEN’S SUITS, age 16 to 20, fine Blue Serges, Tweeds and Fancy Mixture, at $6.95, finer qualities in Serges. Oxfords, Grey Worsteds and Chalk Line Stripes in the $8.50 and 10.00 MEN’S SUITS, custom tailored, high grade fabrics in domestic and imported weaves, equal to the better custom tailored, at about half the price. Special values at $15.00 to 18.00 FURNISHINGS for the hot weather. In Shirts we have any style desired, cool and comfortable. Shirt Waist just the thing for outing. The new shapes in Straw Hats arc beauties. Our Neck Wear stock never was more tasty, all the new shapes suitable for the high turn-down collar, the Derby, King Edward or the Tourist, at 25 and 39 Cents. 166Dan L,. Johnson, Photographic Studio, 171 Main Street, Oshkosh, W' s. Fancy Flannel Outing Suits of the celebrated " R W ' make. Tasteful, dresiy pattern . Haodtome, »lyli h. perfect tilling garment . The correct thing lor thl tea ton. “Let Good Apparel Wait on Perfect Style and Moderate Price on Both." This applies forcibly to clothing bearing our label. Moderate cost, perfect style and qualities above reproach. Those are the points that have built up our clothing trade. YOUNG MEN’S SUITS, age 16 to 20, fine Blue Serges, Tweeds and Fancy Mixture, at $6.95, finer qualities in Serges. Oxfords, Grey Worsteds and Chalk Line Stripes in the $8.50 and 10.00 MEN’S SUITS, custom tailored, high grade fabrics in domestic and imported weaves, equal to the better custom tailored, at about half the price. Special values at $15.00 to 18.00 FURNISHINGS for the hot weather. In Shirts we have any style desired, cool and comfortable. Shirt Waist just the thing for outing. The new shapes in Straw Hats arc beauties. Our Neck Wear stock never was more tasty, all the new shapes suitable for the high turn-down collar, the Derby, King Edward or the Tourist, at 25 and 39 Cents. 166The Globe Printing Company Prompt Service Printers Reasonable Prices 38 Main, Corner Ceape St. Printers of THE QUIVER. Mueller Hafemann A V Bookbinders Gold Stampers and Paper Rulers Magazine and Blank Book Work a Specialty. 38 Main, Corner Ceape St. Up-Stairs. Binders of THE QUIVER. BUTT MAN BROS. Fresh and Salt Meats Always on hand at Lowest Prices. 372 MAIN STREET. Webster Block Pharmacy Corner Main and Church Sts. For Your FURS JOHN BRENNAN Druggist Co to the Reliable Furrier Everything in Furs at Correct Prices. Also Ladies' and Gents' Kid Gloves. E. F. Steude, 185 Main St. Patronize Our Advertisers 168 Complete line of Drugs and Stationery. They are Reliable.

Suggestions in the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh - Quiver Yearbook (Oshkosh, WI) collection:

University of Wisconsin Oshkosh - Quiver Yearbook (Oshkosh, WI) online yearbook collection, 1898 Edition, Page 1


University of Wisconsin Oshkosh - Quiver Yearbook (Oshkosh, WI) online yearbook collection, 1899 Edition, Page 1


University of Wisconsin Oshkosh - Quiver Yearbook (Oshkosh, WI) online yearbook collection, 1900 Edition, Page 1


University of Wisconsin Oshkosh - Quiver Yearbook (Oshkosh, WI) online yearbook collection, 1902 Edition, Page 1


University of Wisconsin Oshkosh - Quiver Yearbook (Oshkosh, WI) online yearbook collection, 1903 Edition, Page 1


University of Wisconsin Oshkosh - Quiver Yearbook (Oshkosh, WI) online yearbook collection, 1904 Edition, Page 1


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