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Page 4 text:
The Theme of the 1938 Periscope is the historical backgrounds of Little Niagara Creek.
When the white man first came to this region, the Chippewa Indians inhabited the valley of the Chippewa River and its upper tributaries as far south as the Eau Claire River. The .Sioux Indians lived along the Mississippi, and at times ventured up the Chippewa as far as the mouth of the Eau Claire.
Because there was no recognized boundary between these two tribes, constant warfare was waged between them. To terminate this incessant struggle, the United States Government in 1825 decided that a treat)- should be negotigated to establish a definite boundary.
The point determined upon was "half-a-day’s march below the falls of the Chippewa River," which is, without a doubt, the rocky bluff that is known to day as Little Niagara Bluff.
Thus, because the little creek played an important part in this treaty, the Eau Claire Stare Teachers College campus is intimately associated with the early history of the Valley. To help establish this fact as one of the traditions of the college is an important purpose of this volume.
Page 3 text:
T h e
P E R I S C 0 P E
State Teachers College
EAU CLAIRE, WISCONSIN VOLUME 22 1938
Page 5 text:
The treaty establishing a boundary between the territories of the Sioux and the Chippewas may be found in United States Statutes at Large, Vol. 7, Indian Treaties, Article 5, page 273. The treaty, in part, follows:
"The eastern boundary of the Sioux commences opposite the mouth of the Iowa River, runs back two or three miles to the bluffs, following the bluffs to and crossing the Bad Axe to Black River; from which point, the line described is the boundary between the Sioux and Winnebagoes; and extends in a direction nearly north to a point on the Chippewa River, half-a-day’s march from Chippewa Falls.
"From this point on the Chippewa .... the line becomes the boundary between the Sioux and the Chippewas, and runs to the Red Cedar River just below the Falls; from thence to the St. Croix River at a place called the Standing Cedar, about a day’s paddle in a canoe above the lake on that river, thence passing between two lakes called by the Chippewas ’green lakes,’ and by the Sioux the 'lake they bury the eagles in’; from thence to the standing cedar that the Sioux split; and thence to the mouth of Rum River, on the Mississippi . . .”
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