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Page 114 text:
EDUCATION Computers Speak in Foreign Language Waneen Spirduso Physical and Health Education Dr. Waneen Spirduso ' s commitment to the field of physical education could be trac- ed back to her junior high school years when she became increasingly involved in various athletic activities. Spirduso ' s interest in sports carried over into college; she received her bachelor ' s and master ' s degrees in physical education. Spirduso ' s single overriding philosophy in teaching all aspects of physical education was that programs should be based on scien- tific information. She said the most in- telligent way to teach P.E. involved understan ding how the human body operates and moves. Only then, claimed Spirduso, could P.E. specialists effectively teach people to make modifications in their physical performance. Spirduso spent a great deal of time researching and writing about these scientific principles. After receiving her college degrees, Spir- duso taught for four years at Boston Univer- sity ' s Sergeant College for Physical Educa- tion and Therapy. She then returned to Texas and worked at Bellaire High School in Houston as a P.E. instructor. The following year, Spirduso enrolled in the Unitersity of Texas once again and in 1966 receiver her doctorate in P.E. After teaching for two years at North Texas State University, Spir- duso accepted a teaching position at UT. Besides breaking technological barriers, computers helped break the language bar- rier. A computer-assisted course in Arabic enabled students to learn and master the writing and sound system of modern Arabic in one -third of the time it took students in a conventional classroom. Dr. Victorine C. Abboud, assistant professor of education and director of the computer-assisted in- struction laboratory (CAI) of the Center for Middle Eastern Studies, also claimed that the CAI-students scored higher on exams than those from the classroom. Abboud offered the first computer- assisted course in Arabic in 1971. Eight years later she developed a CAI program for elementary Arabic vocabulary and com- prehension. In 1981-82, she originated a pro- gram for intermediate Arabic. Whereas the elementary program taught approximately 1,200 vocabulary words, the intermediate level expanded that to 2,500 words. This ad- ded vocabulary enabled greater student- computer interaction, thus giving the stu- dent improved language skills. Abboud had to create a computer pro- gram with correct proportions and careful curves that could be related to the 28-letter Arabic alphabet. She had to consider that Arabic reads right to left, that many letters had numerous forms depending on place- ment in the word and that there were diacritical points and slashes in the writing. Abboud ' s project was supported by a three-year, $228,957 grant from the division of educational programs of the National En- dowment for the Humanities. One purpose of the grant Abboud considered to be to ad- vance the " state of the art " in the use of computers for education, especially in teaching languages with non-Latin script. Abboud saw one of the benefits of the program as more interaction between stu- dent and teacher (computer). " This interac- tion is proving to be a valuable tool in in- struction. Foreign language learning involves the establishment of a set of habits that must be so well learned they function automatically, " she said. Abboud believed that the computer- assisted approach was applicable to languages other than Arabic. She said that foreign language study would be more at- tractive to students if the instruction were more personalized and the learning time reduced. In addition to uses in colleges, Ab- boud mentioned other adaptations for computer method: " for Peace Corps person- nel, business people, diplomats, engineers and other professionals working in the Mid- dle East, " she said. / I I 9 .?.. f:f-.*,l.f This keyboard with symbols for both Latin and Arabic writing systems is used in the CAI lab at Wooldridge. radtan -. - V . > .- r; rv . v *p*** Abboud answers question in the CAI lab. 106 Education
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lent I Decline Plagues College of Education Jackson Reid Educational Psychology When Dr. Jackson Reid came to the University in 1951, some considered UT a mediocre learning institution. Thirty years later, after hard work by administrators and faculties, Reid believed the University had earned the national prominence it deserved. " It compares with the best of them, " he said. Both the University and Reid came a long way. As chairman of the Department of Educational Psychology since 1973, he built a graduate program designed to meet the needs of society. " Our department is uni- que, " the long-time professor stated. " We don ' t have any undergraduates, yet we have the largest doctoral program in the entire University, " he said. Reid ' s entire academic career has been with the University of Texas. " I started here immediately after getting my doctorate in experimental psychology at UCLA. Reid pursued his interests at the Universi- ty after becoming a member of the faculty. " My emphasis was on the learning theory and for most of my early career, all my research was with monkeys and rats, which is unusual for an experimental psychologist, " he said. " But I was fascinated with ex- perimentation in the learning area with animals. I felt that some of the techniques we used in animal psychology would be useful if applied at the human level, " he said. Carl Hansen Special Education In 1967, Dr. Carl Hansen, chairman of the Department of Special Education, gave up his government job to join the faculty of the University. Hansen made the change because he wanted to spend some time working in a university instead of govern- ment. He had planned to stay at the Univer- sity for only a year or two, but he found that the University offered him the special oppor- tunity of freedom to expand his professional life through teaching and rehabilitation con- sultations outside the University. This year marked his 14th year at UT. As an undergraduate, Hansen specialized in speech and hearing studies. He used tr\is training in the rehabilitation departments of Colorado and California before becoming a professor. In these departments, Hansen rehabilitated adults who were deaf or who had suffered a loss of speech. The Department of Special Education received federal funding to teach college students methods of bilingual instruction. The department emphasized this new area because bilingual special educators were scarce in the 1970s. While working for state schools and Travis County probation agen- cies, special education majors received prac- tical experience to complement their classroom experiences. Joe Frost Curriculum and Instruction Dr. Joe L. Frost, chairman of Curriculum and Instruction, was one professor who took child ' s play seriously. Appointed chairman in fall 1981, Frost conducted extensive research on play and play environments, and taught a graduate level course on the subject. In his studies, the chairman discovered that most playgrounds in the United States were hazar- dous and unsuited to child development. Finding this true in Austin, his students helped design many church and school playgrounds in the Austin area. In reference to these playgrounds, Frost commented, " They are the best of any city of similar size in the nation that I have visited, and they are getting even better all the time. " Frost began writing extensively in 1966, having textbooks, research reports and ar- ticles to his credit. The most popular of his 11 books, Early Childhood Education Redi scovered was used in many U.S. univer- sities and in more than 40 foreign countries. Finding his faculty ' s attitude positive, Frost learned to enjoy his new administrative role in department leadership, program development and maintenance, and budget. His department offered 3,000 undergraduate and graduate students the choice of 14 dif- ferent degree programs. Education 107
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PHARMACY Just what the doctor nirrm f Mr. 1 1 1 IM.HM I fill Dean James Doluisio He was dean of the College of Pharmacy and chairman of the American Phar- maceutical Association board of trustees, the highest elective office in American phar- macy. He was Dr. James T. Doluisio, educator, administrator, scientific researcher and all around good guy. Prior to his role as administrator, Dr. James T. Doluisio, dean of the College of Pharmacy, was a dedicated research scientist. Primarily concerned with the mathematics of the entrance and exit of drugs from the body, Doluisio was the author of more than 50 scientific articles. Doluisio enjoyed his job as dean, but he pointed out that it did have its penalties. " You can lose contact with the students, " he mused, " and I ' m not near the scientist I used to be. " As a University administrator, Doluisio guided his college into " the big leagues " since taking the helm in 1973. " Our students perform very well on state board examina- tions. We ' re doing an excellent job in the undergraduate program, " Doluisio said. " We are just starting to get the national reputation that draws graduate students. " " Where we aren ' t up to snuff, " said Dolusio, " is in graduate education. We have 85 or 90 graduate students. We would like to have a lot more than that. " Commenting on the college ' s faculty, Doluisio praised the staff, saying, " We have a very young faculty and a very competitive faculty, " adding that, " we are just starting to get the national reputation that draws graduate students. Our graduate program is our top priority right now. " The small, close-knit college was able to invest special attention in its students, as was . reflected in their graduate placement program. " We have special programs for our seniors where we acquaint them with the interview process: how to prepare resumes; how to dress all those kinds of things, " Dolusio said. The dean was quick to add that " in Texas, there is no such thing as an unemployed graduate. They are all placed by the time they graduate. " Salaries for phar- macy graduates ranged anywhere from ap- proximately $18,000 to $28,000 per year. . ordered New pharmacy building expands and improves services for students Featuring the oldest pharmacy fixtures in Texas and the most sophisticated facilities in the country, the new Pharmacy Building ad- dition opened in September. Many of the fixtures were from some of the oldest pharmacies in Texas, including a complete antique drug store relocated from Cuero. Other collections included the con- tents of an apothecary shop established in 1864 in Jefferson and interior fixtures from the Clesi Desire Street Drug Store built in New Orleans around 1917. Pharmacy treasures from these old stores and from private donations included gold- inlaid apothecary jars, an old prescription balance, an oak counter, a cashier ' s cage, display cases and a four-seat soda fountain. The addition also included what Dean James T. Doluisio called " probably the most sophisticated industrial facilities " for the development and testing of new drugs available in any pharmacy college. Some of the facilities included labs for aerosol development, powder technology for prepar- ing powders for tablet form, quality control and sterile testing of dosage forms, finishing packaging for the products they made and storage and stability testing of drugs. An extensive computer system in the new building was designed to streamline drug dispensing in the student pharmacy, main- tain patient profiles used for checking on possible drug reactions and to retrieve pro- duct and drug information. Pharmacy 109
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