University of South Carolina Columbia - Garnet and Black Yearbook (Columbia, SC)

 - Class of 1976

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University of South Carolina Columbia - Garnet and Black Yearbook (Columbia, SC) online yearbook collection, 1976 Edition, Cover
Cover



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Text from Pages 1 - 486 of the 1976 volume:

f w 1 1 1 v at... i W 1 ' M.. 1 - , -U - w -- . - vw .' 'MT -V, I., . , , - ,. V-.ny-1. Q- L976 GARNET AND BLACK University of So uth Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208 Volume 78 0 N ,I X I I i i .I I N 1 N fi W On more than one occasion this past year, we have heard the rather ominous comment that rather than commemorate the past that wc, like the good ole USA, should throw everything out and start all over again. Well, thatis just about what we did on this Garnet and Black. Cries of everything from "If we get another late book, you'll be crucifiedi' to "Keep up the good workn almost demanded il. Whether you notice them or not, changes have been made, and we think they're for the better. The magazine format has been revised to become that of creation rather than imitation of popular magazines. ln some instances, it has not been as free a ride as we hoped, but at least we have had more leeway with our layouts. A more obvious change, especially to those who belong to student organizations, is the omission of group pictures in the 1976 edition. With only 102 of the Universityis 21,736 students involved in some 200 organizations, we could hardly see the necessity of printing page after page after page of group shots. Instead, we have tried to catch these organization members in candid active photographs while covering the activities of importance in copy. From these major changes, we added a little of the tradition of the Garnet and Black maga- zine network and headed into the actual production of this volume. At first, we expected the Bicentennial furor of 1976 to sweep us off our feet and give us something exciting to fill our pages with. But the 200th birthday year proved to be nothing different from the 199th or 198th for that matter. It was just another year, we found out, after the much anticipated fireworks fizzled out. Nevertheless, we were hell bent on portraying the year 1976 as a year different from the others and we set out to do so. Nationally, the First Lady of the United States pronounced that she would not be upset if her daughter had a premarital affair. While this raised eyebrows from many a suspicious mom, it was perhaps not as shocking to them as the two females who attempted to assassinate her husband months later. No one seemed to be frightened by the aetions though as 13 persons openly declared their candidacy for either the Democratic or Republican presidential nominations. Statewide, Governor Edwards continued his assault on the University and higher education in general when he ordered that the school's budget would have to be cut 8 percent in line with other state agencies. On campus, while an unenthusiastic President, William Patterson, claimed "I haven't got much interest in young people," and remained unscathed by his remarks, four deans resigned citing "philosophical differences' with the administration. Although the basketball team did not fare as well as they hoped, the baseball team landed a second-place finish in the college world series and the football team participated in a post-season bowl game. 1975-76 proved a quiet year for most students, although the campus has seen quieter ones. After years of debate, a few students finally stood up to their beliefs and tried to close Green Street. Although the action was only temporarily successful and a few were arrested, it marked a new hope that a hushed student body could break out of its shell. These are some of the times you'll find covered in the following pages. You'll notice we've even included the oft disregarded mundane events which make a campus just that. We had to - that's what Carolina is. And, last but not least, we tried to go beyond the typical yearbook and not only cover the year, but also something about the University's history too. This is a Bicentennial year, don't forget, and we would like you to have a record of the actions of the past which have molded our present. By putting them in perspective, we think you'll better understand '76, The Caro- lina Heritage magazine in itself proved a more monumental task than was expected and repre- sents the research of five students over a period of four months last summer. More than anything else though, the '76 staff has made every effort to give you a look at the year 1975-76. Hopefully as you read this retrospective view of what has come to pass at Caro- lina either today or twenty years from now, it will make you say "this was Carolina in 1976, a year like no other." garnet ond bloc CAROLINA HERITAGE SPO TS 11 TL on C521 CA D ME X H... fm' A v .I 1 I 8 'S 'fliellislstmvnsisisq the lighter side CAROLINA HEWTAQE l..mr.m.x u,...t. . . in In ll lsuihlh I 1-lllmf AI CWWO -L ,. , -zz-:ma-.111 failiilsiiiw ' ,eff--1. 5 ,. If 'T E ' . fe E Q . I ,-ills, ' L V' ill -, ,Fifi E ,,,f- faf jsf: i- mi 55. A I 353,115 If H, :U-VU Jr: 2 M Will 1 RHN smcn :vcn , nn cumur :WM - fig: :..'4.-,, ' llgig qvwncnunsil . I J . ' 1 P ' 1 . l 4 -:Ln tM.:meg.f. it Wi ' , t . r A: ' i as ' ' f' va' -':-grins-'.!lk'4g .' M". -. x V 'v TW-1, X tm' W , F51 'V'-, -:Q::.t':Dc-M31 'J .,,:tr'- 2 ' ii - ' 'lifxviiu -.tp 1 -4 12:43 -. . . vi ' H r ' , f . I, 7. -' jf-:et f , ,til Y. -, v -gg , .. F- .. Pm' . H" ' . - ' " .,, Q " Ax '. kj Q Q' ti 8 12 22 38 40 44 46 62 84 110 118 120 128 134 146 151 155 167 178 193 226 248 258 264 267 299 303 320 330 336 338 352 366 3 70 378 396 404 406 425 436 449 463 History Behind USC Hall of Presidents Decline of Coed Turkey Stealing Military Spirit Oldest Alumnus Varsity Sports Intramurals Women 's Sports Back To The ACC Club Sports Band ' Cheerleaders Entertainment Films University Union Concerts Dorm Life Greek Activities Theatre Grade Grubbing Honors College Five Year Plan Academic Excellence Grad School Med School Reality Study Essay 75-76 Chronology Registration Students vs. Administration Construction A Green Street "Riot,' Student Media Blowing Out The Candles Campus Features Graduate Portraits Senior Portrai ts Junior Portraits Sophomore Portraits Freshman Portraits Garnet 81 Black Index :,E,,nI,,:fft, .7-:,,,-- . .,,,,..-..-,,3-..- W:-..,,.,. M -AV 7 7, g Y Y - V 1, - V: . , 1 z .1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 N 1 A 1 1 I 1 X 1 111 I 11 ' V 1 1 1 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 , 1 1 X X 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 l 11 1 1 I ' 1 1,1 1 ' , 1 1 . 1 1 ' 1 1 " 111 '1 1 1 1 W 1 11 1 1 1 1 11 'Y ' , 1 , 1 11 1 1 1 1 Y X l 1 1 1 1 1 11 11 1 11 1 11 ' 1 11 W ' 1 1 ' 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 , , X , F11 in '11 J: Q 1- 1 1111 I ,. -M1 I 1- 1 , . 1 : '--7 ' . .Y , Y H -it ..-an 1 1 CARD INA HERITAGE A PICTORIAL HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA , , IN ASSEMBL ,IDECEMBER AI9, .1801 . ' Qu Qrt tn stahlisbb a allege at 'ulumhsia 1 Ms' V ' Y NN,ff I, mhBFPH5', theproper1educationtohyoathlconrribufessgreath to theprosoerity ofsociety,sand oughtalways to bean objectloflegislatizleattention. - And whereas, the establishment ofa college in a central part1of the state, where all its youth may be educated will highlyspronzote' the instruction. the good order and harmony ofthe whole community? ' Be it therehre enactul the honorable the Senateyand House of Representatioes,.now1rnet and sitting in general agsembb, and by the authority of the same, That his excellemy the goifemor. the honorable the president of the,senate,' and thespeaker of the house M rqhresentatives, the honorable- the associate judges, and 'thejudges ofthe court dequily, shall be, ex-officio, together with general Charles C Pinchney, H W Defaussure, Thomas Taylor, the rest. D. E. Dunlao, the reop john Brown, J lancaster, Wade Hamptonrjohn Chesr1ut,james B. Richara'son,.Dr1,lsaac Alexander, Henry Dana Ward the rem Samuel W Yongue, Wlliam Falconer, and Bartke Smyth, be trustees. so c5outinn,'in:o6'icejorthe'te17n offoun from the passirrgsjthis any ana' at the expiration ofthe saidhuryears, and every fburgyears thereafter, the legislature to nominate thirteen trusteesl to succeed the said thirteen persons ahohernatnetfiohe body politic 'anti' corporate, in deed and in law, by the napa' of "The Trustees M the South Carolina Collegef' and that 'by the said name they and their successors shall and may haueperfetual succession, and be able and capable in law, to have receive, ana' enjoy, to them and their successors, lands, tenements and hereditarnmts, of any kind or value, in jiee, or for We or years, and personal property of any hind whatsoever' and also all sums ofmoneysofany. amount whatsoever, which may be granted or bequeathed to them forthejturjlzose of building, erecting, endowing and supporting the said college in, the town of Columbia. I Q I ajhresatd That ofthe said trustees on thefirst Wednesday in Deceniberin each year,-during the session , , , . . , J c Andbesitenactedby f ' Ala :v " o the legts ture and that to call occasional meetings of the board whenever tt shall trustees M the trustees shall be the number to constitute a quorum sat lared to be trustees ex-officio, the other I meeting r transact- hei ' eueral mg all the business and concerns the .said o he t rs salaries. of all such to the huts of this state nor M the United States. ' M And beit styled' "The Professorsf' but professors of them, shall be styled "'The Faculty 4' the C.olle,ge:" by rewarding or a quorum of t a ' Ana' be it enacted ly the authority aforesaiah their successors, with liberty to or alter the samefrom time to time, may be able to And bf If state, the sum dijiy thousand dollars, covered and suitable for carrying onthe education the students, authorized and in allthe That the said choice of two .square orsquares, yet unsold 51 the town rfdrlumbiajor convenience necessary for such institution. , ' In,the,Senate House, the .nineteenth Day dl the United States of America.. X V Q Q A g it , s r 5 I L f .n l- lu 4 'rev .-llll l:lx'l l.Sl:.lllL.X lb. '- . "' -lr lu-1 li l r 1 1 Y Wi' ' Tl-Ili l i l Hniurrniig nf 51311111 Glttrnlintt l-'oUNn1gu- uw' TH:-2 S"l'A'I'l'L IN 18011 IN 'IME-CfA'PIoTA,L CITY 6 t.,-t I W e it -' A t 'f tlf lw rg gPA'ClOUS cam ptu s, admlable. iafhleon? acid' i , ' ' 34,5 by fraternity between faculty grinds, gstudggts, . -,' i attention 'O the iitndiviidtuall the lmldeme body ftgnenfisitis Thflthialrghil ttttt merjalls df the governiri , A authoriti'es.l Q' 1 ,,V. A' ' ff ., A D f., -f Varied courses of :study '1,1 Y 'ZVA l 1A ' A1fALlf to rrti f e rr2 1 l l tis i l llCIVlLiilf1fff1' is gg rtt ti r r tt 2 l Scholarships, Shiloh worth S100 in cash handsfree' Tuitiotii remitted in special cases. .A l V l 7 it ' H i'-A The graduates of the colleges of South Carolina 'ere adtrlitted to the University as graduate students without charges for tuition, in all courses except law. l Y 1 ,.rrr -- - f I l-l-'-i--'.--.---- -'fi' ' i j A ' i 'ff ' rf' 'fr V i i i f. V Y W 1 N V H 5 . ,N , - f, .N ,- , 4 t N W Q i f i i it E CAROLI HERITAGE I UNIVEIISITAS CARD MERID A PICTORIAL HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA 1801 EDITOR Robert L Baker ASSOCI ITL LDITORS Susan Cate Karen Petxt Cheryl Wood PICTURE I Drron Dane P Edens EDITORIAL ASSISTANT Brenda D Bell 1976 GARNET AND BLACK EDITOR IN CHIEF Robert L Baker BUSINESS MANAGER Dems: A Perry COPY I DITOR DESIGN LDITOR NelleH Eargle PHOTOC RAPI-IY EDITOR Dane P Edcns CAROLINA HERITAGE 15 pubhshed as part of the 1976 GARNET AND BLACK by the USC Board of Student Pubhcatrons and Communxcatmns edttorlal and CXCCUIIVC offlces 105 Kirkland Apts 1611 Pen dleton St maxhng address Box 85132 Umversrty of South Curolma Columbra South Carolma 29208 VJFIOUS Illustrated materrals for thts magazme have been clupltcated by the p1cture edrtor from Illustratrons In Vols 1 77 of the GARNET AND BLACK Vols 166 of the GAMECOCK the South Carolmmm LIbr:1ry and the Osborne Admrmstratron Burldrng Ongmal 19th C sketchlngs of campus from vanous Umversxty collectrons All copy IS the result of extensrve research Into var1ous aspects of the hrstory of the Umversrty CAROLINA HERITAGE acknowledges Edwrn Green Maxmrllmn L.1Borde Damel Hollns and student pubhcauons edI tors for thcrr respectrve contnbutrons In helpmg pres ent edItors make thrs publlcatxon as complete as possx e Spomoreeloy The 1976 Garnet ana' Black Yearbookfivlagazzne Network Staf CONTENTS Aprzl, 1976 Volume LXX VIII Number 1 THE HISTORY BEHIND USC by Susan Cate HALL OF PRESIDENTS by Karen Pen: WOMEN GAIN THEIR PLACE by Karen Pen: FIRST DEAN OF WOMEN LOOKS BACK by Karen Petzl THE GREEK SYSTEM MOVES UP by Karen Pen: SOMETHING TO CHEER ABOUT A look at USC: major Igporlr by Cheryl Wood TURKEY STEALING PANTY RAIDS ETC by Susan Cale OUTRANKING EDUCATION by Cheryl Wood WE HAIL THEE CAROLINA SPIRIT by Karen Petzl USC S OLDEST ALUMNUS A LIVING TRADITION A prohle W' Tom Anderson by Karen Petzl COLLEGE AIN T WHAT IT USED TO BE Ly Susan Cale GROWING BIGGER AND BIGGER by Clzefyl Wood LIFE IN A DORM by Cheryl Wood SCC USC AND RISING COSTS by Susan Cate LEGENDS by Karen Perf! 7 xq eggjg If, 1: -1 ' M ' 2 we .I..,'fI 1. E A - I , ff l ........................................ 8 I .,.t....e.,e...I,.....I,....t..IItI,I..I.I..I 12 as I ..................................... 22 -T ' ........,......,..,,,.... 26 I ' ...........,................... ...zs ' I f ' .......,.....,,......................... ....3o Catherine Watson CAMPUS ATTRACTIONS by Swan Cate ...........,.....,....,............,,... . . ,36 I , , . ,...........,,,,....... .58 ,- .f ...............,...e...,II...... .40 "' ' ,...,,..,,.,.............I.... .44 ' , - I I I. , ' - ' ...I,................,............ ,...........46 4, I ' 'i .' , ' Q ......t..I.e.IIIeI.,I I- " 9 1.4 1' ......................... ..,,.5o 7 .A I I I ......................................... I 'I , , . .....e,,.....,......,..... A 1' ' 'lf - Iee.eIII,,,,,,.........,tI...ee..........,..ee,,,,, bl, I istor Behind USC ,... Q.-. ,-.- V By Susan Cate In tbir imaginative 1820 drawing, the Honfarboe if dqbicted with its chararterirtir beauty and charm. mid the fire and fury raged by the colonies after Farmer George and his parliamentis Stamp Act of 1765, a lit- tle bill proposing the charter of a South Carolina College was all but lost in the South Carolina Assembly. Several years later the South Carolina Gazette admonished the colony for being outdone by northern colleges which were at that time successfully soliciting funds from Carolina citi- zens. After all, Charleston was "undoub- tably" the colonial seat of wealth and culture and her lack of an institution 8 of higher learning was a disgrace to the colony. Soon after, another attempt was lost in the Assembly because of political disputes. Despite the failures, however, the idea of a college had been well impressed upon important minds and was not lost during the ravages of the Revolution. A depression, reorganization prob- lems and sectional disputes facing the new state delayed the college further. The new state constitution put the power into the hands of the wealthy landowners and merchants of the Lowlands, the majority of whom were sending their sons North or abroad to college. As the farming population of the Uplands grew to exceed the popula- tion of the Lowlands, it began to demand its share of power. The Uplanders, for the most part, saw lit- tle need for higher education. They were "illiterate, irreligious, and happy" and deemed it unthinkable that the poor should be taxed to pay for the education of the rich. In 1787 the state capitol was moved from Charleston to centrally located Columbia in an effort to unite the dis- puting sections and a new state consti- tution was adopted in 1790. The-lleaders of the Low Country realizing their days of dominating the "uncultured" Piedmont were num- bered, suddenly saw an urgent need for a state college to educate the future Upland leaders to the Charles- tonian standards. Five colleges were chartered throughout the state, but all failed because of a lack of support and funds. The dawn of a new century proved to be a time ripe for change. The state elections in 1800 ousted the Federalist party and the chairs of the South Car- olina Assembly were filled with Republicans. john Drayton, the new Governor, having been himself denied a college education because of the death of his father, saw the need for a local, state-supported institution. Drayton also saw that sectional dif- ferences over power and college could be ameliorated, if not ended, by the formation of the college itself in a central location such as Columbia. On February 25, 1801, Drayton presented his proposal to the Legisla- ture. It was the first public advocation of the state college in the United States since the end of the Revolu- tion. N urtured by a monetary surplus, a result of Alexander I-Iamilton's fed- eral Assumption Program which returned the 355 million South Caro- lina had spent in the Revolution, the proposal was adopted. The resulting bill, granting 51s5o,ooo for the first year for construction of classrooms and dormitories as well as 356,000 each successive year for sala- ries, was passed by both the House and the Senate. On December 19, 1801, the South Carolina College ceased being just a dream. n the 10th of january, 1805, a board of trustees, less than half of whom had gone to college, opened the doors of the South Carolina College to nine students seeking higher learning. The College consisted of the land bordered by Bull, Pendleton, Sumter and Devine streets and had 1M buildings and two faculty members. To wel- come them was the first President of the College, jonathan Maxcy, a for- mer Rhode Island minister and New York College president, later nick- named "Old jock" by the students. The roll increased to 56 students by August, 1806: 14 freshmen, 56 sopho- mores, five juniors and one senior. The graduation ceremony granting eight BA degrees was held in Decem- ber, 1807. By 1810 South Carolina College was well on its way to becoming a noteworthy institution when an epi- demic of turkey stealing shook its foundations. The faculty, had they foreseen the streakers of 1974, would have counted their blessings instead of levying a seven-month suspension on the pranksters. After all, the stu- dents were due a little frolicking for theirs was no easy life. Entrance requirements consisted of translating Cornelius Nepos, Sallust, Caesaris Commentaries, and Virgil's Aeneid from Latin to English , passing a Latin and English grammar exam, translating a Greek passage from the Bible, and proof of legible handwrit- ing, accurate spelling and some knowledge of mathematics. Upon becoming a bonified SCC student, a strict curriculum of Latin, Greek, phi- losophy, algebra, French and speech had to be followed. There were no electives. Dormitories - South CRutledgej and North CDeSaussurej Buildings - had been designed by the board of trustees in the form of tenements, with stairways between every other two rooms so that any student disrup- tion might be easily quenched. Profes- sors were also housed in the dorms and classes were held in the larger rooms. A code of conduct dictated the students' lives from sunrise to sunrise. At 6 a.m. everyone convened in the chapel for prayers and then went back to their rooms to study. The rest of the day went as follows: 8 a.m. - breakfast. 9 a.m.-noon - back to the dorm for study or recitation. 1 p.m. - dinner. 2 p.m. - back to the dorm to study or recite. 5 p.m. - prayers fol- lowed by supper. After the evening meal, the schol- ars had free time until 9 p.m. when they had to return to their rooms. This regimen flowed smoothly for three years until several students Cwho had downed a few too many at a local tavernj broke windows and destroyed furniture in the dining hall. Along with the increasing student body came shooting of firearms, drunken tirades, harassment of Con- garee boatmen, and turkey theft. The faculty, in protest, banned all student fun: firearms, dogs, private servants, entertainment of guests in rooms, "spirituous liquors," and visits to taverns and brothels were forbid- den under penalty of expulsion. Dance attendance was restricted to juniors and seniors unless presidential permission was granted. Some faculty even proposed building a high wall around the university. As the code grew more oppressive, the student spirit continued to inflate and turkey stealing soared to a record high. Not a bird in town was safe. s the novelty of turkey stealing wore off, students turned their attention to other aspects of campus life. Filthy buildings, wormy, ill-prepared food and harassment by an overly-strict professor, caused many to don dis- guise and burn .an effigy of the pro- fessor. They then marched in a drunken frenzy with a drum and fife to Worth Building where the Riot of 1814 ensued. The angry students broke down the doors, destroyed part of the library and battered the bell that awakened them each morning. Columbia's militia calmed the ruckus and ring leaders of the mob were 9 The History Behind USC Ccont.J expelled. But the air of dissatisfaction remained. When a legislative ,committee investigated the complaints, they found that President Maxcy's inability to act because of ill health was the cause of the unfavorable conditions. After the investigation, improve- ments were made. When 52-year-old Maxcy died in 1820, Thomas Cooper was named Governor john Drayton was instrumental in the ertablzklament ofSoutb Carolina College. The Euplyradian ba!! ojien served as the scene of weekbf animated debate: on almost any and every con- reivable subject. president of the College. Cooper was a 61-year-old New Englander whose controversial nature was well known in the North. He took control of the College, raised the weakened entrance requirements and restored Latin and Greek to the curriculum. He believed that the quality of the student body was worth more than numbers. So, when there were no freshmen in the 114 attending SCC in 1831, Cooper deemed it an uplift in academic excel- lence. Cooper favored the idea of a uni- versity and also said a free public . N - otm rm es on 1 .pwrggfiitva-4-qffmafaxfm-assi . -. . ' ' ' ' 1' 1 it aa.ifrwi,'-tu: my -f c 5 - r 5 -' g- . 'Q Zoumaigeisf up ' H South-Carolina, College, waiitri-iowa-t. . ti l 1 151 Mgtivt. of 134111152111 af Z1'tw-ww,- f ..,. R - 4, if MQ V Maas rctuis ' Q 0 09' iw 'l!EfO901Ied.ifor the receptiu ugvwit, lpcvi Studignn, on. the .second srfmgny fn J,m,m.y Mm. " ' WWW-imhmi fi mf- i 0"i?nW3.i95 333050 what propos, 8 nm-si., xi - V: i. NlhQivLn'1' ren ,to that iixstituhiin, l0,PifCf'8i'8 r ,i ,rhomqftimar adlmssiom'theifoiluwipugggiggg bgbfoyisiouaily Agn igitm-tgt-the ,Amin Pyllrlac. 'Y You ssiiliyxhbieforse heplem-ed to in .girgirimjiyfirilifiiihigttl-ltitri M, Wie. iotslttia-omit my Ga-zezttas.onriwwry rw .INA sigma..-cific pi ,il This order be ciouuterrp-fimlgd'. ' P ' by Teivablh -:Lab 1 5' WILLIAM' Ti8Y1-0Ri"f5vwetery. . .p Fnxw-z.xv1,+esq. A -In -5"'Ti'5if"?m, ..-. 1 that .,.,,W,.,,. . it ftl"ct'i gl' ?""'g?'f5 .- , - cmusmr ' . gtsaufl other sides--by - , ,, i - - - fi, Atari, 29.11, 1864, ... -fait, .aff-1?-4' !fft'f""'4tf?-"'w2"'rfi6v """'-V"'f'1"'ff of If--f so f t, W i- ,, t y - i,g,i.fi,ii.v,Mi it 'mai 1- . M tn- if -' - tl- r Tlyir article announcing the Colleges opening war in the itrae of july 13, 1804, ofthe Carolina Gazette. 10 school system should be created by the state. His advocation of a medical school prompted the medical society in Charleston to seek a charter for such a school. During the Cooper presidency, classical societies prospered and offered all students political, fraternal and intellectual activity. Saturday debates and oratories often lasted long into the night. General Lafayette was elected as an honorary member of one of the classical societies when he vis- ited the campus in 1825. Despite the rise in intellectual stimulation, the students still lacked discipline. Campus window breaking resulted in a 3135 glass tax for each stu- dent. The tax did not curb the break- ing of windows, however, and Colum- bians became infuriated by Coopet's lack of control over the students. Cooper was put under further attack for his religious and political antics. He declared himself a theist, yet denied the existence of the soul, the Trinity and hell. He proclaimed Christianity to be in error and worked diligently to overthrow its teachings. In his geology classes Cooper refuted the divine creation of the Earth as explained in Genesis. The churches of the state were infuriated about this "pompous heretic" who was implanting false notions into the minds of their youth. ' v Students prepare for a horse-amihuggy ride in this pifture taken of the upper part of the Honeshoe over 100yea1:v ago. Notice the ala' house fPrasidentCf Mansion j where MrKissirk Library now stands. , A , t . - t 4 . ' Thomas Coo er was a tron v - .,,Q7'2," .fa-muff 51fmaAL.f4i11-qlaor1Ja-ng :tml 3:.as1n.4ug Ifawefmtg fo me, Cate of Statesfprighrs aid vghagnoa .L , K . Jatldg. .ffm-tmfrd 'ldntba-QQ-V f-fm gviflga- , national tariff was levied, he pro- ' .A c. a claimed that South Carolina would V 4 k"U'q""'fr"1' -95" 'fjhg ffl-0 ' soon be questioning the value of 'A A ' A A remaining in the Union. A A A A A A A A ' AA A A ' During the 1830's Cooper was put i ir M jflfv. under investigation initiated by the . T L 5 0 ' Q ALli'iYrll5 lwflf3fltQefi52'i.?ffl Ql,,53Q..felflg legislature and carried out by the Wd' if 3 'Nl wwffxf faofibd ya' Board of Trustees. They charged him A pa rnwmfw 05 TK. 33-tag- ffka JW-wailing WLWTCW with several offenses related to his A A Ka Krishna aryl Ma Lum Gwinn, ,L an T s threats of established religion. Cooper - , , JL? ' IT' 0 ""g"'f'j"' "' cornbatted the accusations on the it. .fo..',,5'fK.,,,,Q, wfn..mu.flul,m-1.5 flirt Mui 3 5,3 'A grounds that the Constitution allowed A T gynivcu YL A , I6 , A him to think and say what he pleased. 17"""f'f'j?""A'JV" ' "f"'1'W"a' .. 'Mfg 5i""'?f?f' Cooperis academic record was tmwmwmlihan, 7541 5541 Af,.,,y,2.,,.,1 may Mm A01 3 highly successful. He raised entrance . .Q ,, , s requirements and remodeled the cur- ' 'gif Ke- G""""m-"ff 5'H0fif-Tf'W"-fgd riculurn. The fame of this brilliant J TMC mug xoiu hin 5,4 ,gum Jawa , T L hgfsdhilgigiiiiiihie the institution Letter of john Quincy Adams endorsing an application from South Carolina for a Chapter W' Phi Beta Kappa. 11 The History Behind USC fcont.J hen the Board of Trustees took a good, long look at the sad condition of South Carolina College in 1854, they asked the whole faculty to resign and started all over again. With no president and only 20 remaining students, the Board decided a little re-organization was called for. Robert Henry, serving as president pro tempore, and four faculty mem- bers were asked to remain until the College could elect a new president the following year. After the explosive administration of the controversial Thomas Cooper, politicians of the state wanted some- one of unquestionable values. They could have found no one better to fill their needs than Robert Barnwell, a graduate of Harvard and a native South Carolinian. Barnwell, elected in 1835, gave them little to fear for he was a staunch Episcopalian, a South- erner, and most important, a large slave owner. Barnwell's emphasis on the need of an extensive book collection prompted the building of the South Caroliniana Library, probably the first building in the U.S. to be used solely as a college library. The reading room is a model of Bulfinch's Library of Congress Room in Washington, D.C. Under Barnwell's influence, at least 353,000 started being allocated each year for the purchase of books and by 1850, with over 18,400 volumes, 'the library was larger than the one boasted by Princeton. South Carolini- ana Library was ranked one of the two top libraries in the South as well as one of the best in the nation. Elliott, Pinckney and Lieber Col- leges were constructed during this time to accommodate the needs of the expanding faculty and student body. Barnwell's administration also saw the building of a 6'9" brick wall around the main campus. However, the wall did little to curb the wander- Built in 1840, The South Caroliniana Library has long been dzlttinguzklyed at the older! sqlnzrate college library in the nation. 1 2 if ' Q e tl .1 11511 f , 1 , fee 4' f. , . l l ' 1 Fi N. . ' ,Q ,Q-U. fl' ,-, M " if it 'V Q-. 'S' J 'i - i ' W H Y' V33 gfliflw ifvliif lf' X' v E A . WT. ' ' vig? .- C N ' , -1-. 'l'yQ I ' 7 , ' 'il ' , 1 1 . 'QQ75 diet ' ' if .1 .r.i r c A L "Y, Wg. iggil, 'If' 'Z 'Z H ..... ' I llggliwt' 1 ja I xl sa I , , ,, ,r.e,3,i'.,f4'g-'g.5.,',-...jf 31.11. : J- : . if ,HUF g ,gf ',,- .' H ,r ,...., . EE '- 'ec -- f ri' " ,Ltr , , " - , up "Lv-1', il A Md" 1-751:-1 xl, 1 I 452155 ,Eg -it-ie! la ings of the students, they simply climbed over it. The S.C.C. trustees decided their students were too extravagant by 19th century standards, so the College Laws of 1836 set the yearly expense limit at 35550 per student Cexcluding room and booksj and at 31550 for pocket money. Students could not spend over 55100 for clothing and they were made to wear a gray uniform, a requirement that was soon forgotten. The Legislature decided the students' social habits were not befitting of that The SIC. Library had long Jerved as the main libmryhr100yearJ. JUNATHAN MAXCY THOMAS COOPER Assumed offxce at age 36 Assumed ofhce at age 61 Educahon Brownll Education Oxfordll' Prior positron held Presrdent of Prior positron held Occupied Union College nn Schenectady chan' of Cllenustry at S C C day erther, so they passed a brll forbrd drng the sale of lrquor to students as nunors a law that has remarned, yet not unhke the campus wall has sel dom proved to be a hrndrance to the Carolrna student Entrance requrrements were rarsed and the entrance age was lowered from 15 to 14 years rn order to garn the presence of a freshman class The Graduate program requxrements were vrrtually nonexrstent Upon obtarnmg a Bachelor s degree a person had only to apply after three years of worthy conduct and a Master s degree would be granted hrm Much was accomplrshed durrng Barnwell s presrdency He restored the farth of many South Carolrnlans v -.f augb nz 1850 f' -c T' lm, Assumed office atage50 ROBER 1 ENRY Education U of Edinburgh Prior posluou held Professor of Metaphysics, Logue, and Moral chan- oi Plulosopl1yatS C C Philosophy of Languages at NOTI' Occupied Loglc, and SCC Y YU! r..u..1J f -ft'-" JW E-""4 C1153 Fifi mare: r:r::"'n 1.51 NCNNEY Lllcf LLEGE fxwf I7 PQ M-A -1 il! I Eff, ummm '!lUU1'lTflPnYL'LI4J Ei..,"""'lEfI'TIl Mlfkff f 2 fifty U gf! T57 S43 Y A7 vu' 'T el T 'l'la.ovfvsflterel17 435104 is The 50141 Ccxvdllnb. olleqe, rn the College, uplrfted the dwrndhng enrollment rnstrgated the construe t1on of well needed burldrngs and began what has been termed the gol den age of South Carohna College npopularrty was the plague of Presrdent Robert Henry and rumors of rmpeach ment permeated the campus A legrs latlve mvestrgatron of S C College found Henry to be unsatlsfactory as a presrdent and the trustees tactfully gave hrm a professorshrp rn return for the pres1dency Under Wrllram Pre ston, Henry's successor, Harper and Legare Colleges were burlt, Greek fra termtres were rntroduced CKappa Alpha and Phr Kappa PS1 are the only two of the orrglnal SIX that remarnj the college garned 1ts frrst out of state students and lost almost the entrre 1un1or class The Junrors were berng forced by Prof Brumby to attend extra chemrstry lectures whrle another professor was away They refused so Presrdent Preston temporarrly sus pended the 60 young men who then retahated by holdrng a bonfrre Ckrn dled by chemrstty textsj ln front of Old Fossrl s CBrumby sh house Ill health caused Preston to resrgn rn 1851 and as rehgron was growmg 13 ef' . 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' ,. . i E .VT ia.. . , Y Y, 4 E if Ze. 1882 1891 JOHN M McBRYDE AUGUSTUS B LONGSTRIJET MAXMILLIAN LABURDE WILLIAM PORCHER MILES Assumed office at age 67 Assumed ofiice at age 57 Assumed office at age 56 Assumed office ai age -1-1 Education Moses Wacldel's Acad Educauon Yale Education USC emy Yale Pnor posxhon held Historian Pnor posxhon held Country Gen Prior positron held President of S C C tleman University of Mnaslssxppl Pnor positron held Professor of Agneulture at University of ennessee E lk' V Q V Q 1 I i -' ,, ' , A . 1' . , V 1 ., E y c I . ,-, -, i ".. 1 I Lg lr, 4 N - , - - , -, . ,i 1' - r v i V . .. ,R gi VMI.. -V-I is fa 1 Q " : ' A pf- K " D: H: . ' A in C' ' " K Edl5ealionQ.S.C.C.gl1. ofvifgfilia' 3.,,1:VV. L Y Q L .:.L...,.g . ...Hal .V A Z: V ,. 5, Z- Y., i, 'Q 1 7gf,,f.',., ,. 1 1' -Fa, 455535 s Z if ig, e ' .g -lig..."e T ,N A if- ' L r r ' - removed his name from their roles, destroyed his bust and returned his portrait to the artist. But Lieber's memory was never erasedg he had been one of the most outstanding lec- turers the campus has ever known and his writings brought worldwide rec- ognition to the ever-struggling South Carolina College. Professor Francis Lieber was Thornwellis logical successor, but his political views were unacceptable to many. The opposition succeeded in electing Professor Charles McCay. Many were disappointed at the selec- tion, and Lieberis resignation greatly magnified McCay's troubles. After 18 months of student disorder and public criticism, McCay submitted his resig- nation in 1857, Following an investigation it was announced that Augustus Baldwin Longstreet had been elected President. He had at various times been a legisla- tor, writer, judge, minister, and col- l ' ' Frarzris Lieber rereiveii wide acclaim fbr editing the ffm' edition of lhe Encyclopedia Americana in 1833. n the dark of night, five half- masked horsemen, their faces blackened and their scarlet capes blowing in the breeze galloped furiously through the quiet campus. The torches they waved and the beat- ing of hooves brought out sleeping students to cheer them on. Perhaps the night of "black ridingi' would end with "tin-panningi' in the yard of an unpopular professor. Such noisy pranks of the students seemed to be only a small outburst of the fiery spiritthey were suppressing until the impending war finally came. The "guard house riot" of 1856 was the foremost example of built-up hostility. When a student named Niles was jailed after a fight with a town marshal, the battle cry of "Col- lege!" brought the students off the campus and they came rallying in defense of their peer. Several beat their way into the guard house with clubs but were chased out. The next day 100 revenge-seeking students armed with rifles from the Cadet arse- nal marched to the guard house only to find themselves face-to-face with ZOO pistol-carrying townspeople. Before any violence exploded, how- ever, former President Thornwell was summoned, and promising the stu- dents revenge he led the way back to campus with the cry of "College!,' The faculty forthwith disbanded the Cadet Corps. The unpopular Charles 15 if lisHal1llolf 2w'uma..- - Z- was . in Tulum ss. 13, we Flffe-wht 11891-189g gg 1891-1902 1902-1,906 JAMESIIWOOQBOW 1 Woonwimpg-f BENJAMINASTLOAN ANDREWC..-Moottu A5Bf'i'fe3i5ffif5 59859553 ,.,. NS"'nedl'fffi9e"!1'aSef43' 4B?!1!n91i9i!ivet4!age66 Assnmedlofficeatage 42, , ff' 'YH ' EQdl1!!aiif0l!:J'effQrsgi1s Qig ,EQIicali6li:Rgaud0lph Mxiisiriii z H' 'Edi1cziiiibn:JUESL,Milifa:fy.ZXcaHi5g EdUG8ti0i1!SIC-VC-'i"'UQ-'0fGhiQ3gQ ' ,Q .fldillellwrs . ,,11 1111 52150: pQeiH0u.hel!is.Profe Qf-s Pciur poeiriim gieli:-Proiesggiift Pi-io: position lielrhSDean.'iofiBib1- Wim Pdiilionfli ffi li-ffl' 1 ellilisliih riffs-1240 . lui fMall1emafivHiisltSt!TQfC- og:iDep11ftmeniiaiSJwi I f- i A I Q, The History Behind USC Qcontl McCay, president of the college at the time, realized his lack of discipline and resigned after only 18 months in office. Augustus Longstreet's replacement of McCay was a relief to the faculty. Longstreet had the rare gift of befriending the students while keep- ing firm control. When the students demanded a holiday for john C. Cal- houn's birthday and were refused they tarred the classroom benches so that classes were forced to be cancelled. Longstreet suspended 100 out of the 180 students enrolled. The new President's politics were also held in esteem. At the Interna- tional Statistical Congress in London, Longstreet withdrew as the U.S. dele- gate because a Negro delegate was present. The College's Cadet Corps was reorganized after heated debate by the faculty - they wanted to preserve the college at all costs - but the students wanted to prepare for war. At the news of the fighting at Fort Sumter in the spring of 1861, the cadets were eager to join in, but under faculty reg- ulations they needed Longstreet's per- mission to go. He refused, at a secret meeting the students decided to dis- band the Old Corps and form a new one with their own rules. They left the College, marched down to the 16 35 Z railway station and paid their own fares to Charleston. Gen. Pierre Beauregard placed the cadets on Sullivan's Island where they could drill and watch the battle and remain safe from actual fire. After three weeks they returned to Colum- bia as heroes and school life resumed for about a month until war fever overtook them once more. The gradual loss of men reduced the student body to 75 by the fall. Upon hearing the news of the Union's capture of Port Royal, the Cadets sought faculty permission to leave. They were given a firm "no," l l Columbia? leveled main street provider graphic evidence Qfproblerrzs after the war: but they replied "yes" and left any- way. Entrance requirements were drop- ped to gather a class together for -Ian- uary 1862, but only 72 students came. Instead of risking the draft after "jeff" Davis, call for more troops, the majority of these students signed up for service too. By the middle of june the College was comprised of six pro- fessors and no students, so the college was closed and rented to the Confed- erate army as a hospital. Rutledge, DeSaussure, Harper, Elliott, Legare and Pinckney Colleges all served as shelter for wounded men. The professors were allowed to remain on campus until the College was officially closed in December 1863. A little yellow flag signifying the presence of convalescing troops Cblue as well as grayj was the only thing that saved the campus from the conflagration during Sherman's march through Columbia. On May 23, 1865, South Carolina College came into the hands of the United States Army. The Confederates still owed 399,500 rent to the College and more than 160 SCC alumni had been killed. A few still had hopes that the College- would be opened. Conditins in South Carolina pro- foundly affected the University's development. In 1865 it was the task of the University to define its place in the new order and rebuild Where it had collapsed with the Confederacy. Uk Sbviiiieevib 1Flish'a6'3'i1r i 'Ni'i5'ee'i1h- Q ' 1909-1913 ' 191461922 I 1192211926 - w1LL1aMs.cU1mELL . D4MEL'1'0Nt 1 i BAKER. Assumed- officqra! age 44 Aisiimedoffice, at'aige'56 Aiiiiilieiirliffiife ati!-562544 Zi ABBl1mQ!liQffi99-37: 989 53 Educaiidn: U- 0EfWirgi1i.i'a: Chi- 5511086011:WaBlii11Ef6I?wdQLee- EQ!!B'4L'Ei0!l"' of Vi1?Si"l4'5"5QCiQ- E'i!10'1'5iQQQ3C'C-. ,V . .. ,. sag, , g g Q g , L13-gigs-purifier hdlkli. Punt-pgsrnbajhslag nm of yrmsi- paging as Prorami-.refs pqsiiianrlrreldirrziiiiigg-aaraur or W mHbQ wfiQu 'Hfildmy at Ugggminy oirChi-also amwasliingfiigaud Lee . . summary- ' e he S. C. Legislature of 1865 convened in buildings on the S. C. College campus since the State House had been lev- eled by Sherman's troopsearlier that year. The war was at an end and the hopes of re-establishing the College were being rekindled by Gov. Per1y's proposal to open the College in the form of a university. A university, he suggested, would draw in more pupils since degrees in specific fields would be offered, the higher enrollment would bring in more money. Perry also pointed out that the majority of the students would be veterans who had been away from school a long time and who would need the versatil- ity of a university curriculum. The legislature approved the Gov- ernor's proposal in the form of a bill establishing the University of South Carolina with eight colleges, giving the Trustees the right to establish schools of law and medicine, provid- ing for a chaplain, and setting the entrance age at 15. Each course would cost S525 and a student could take a minimum of three courses. The pro- fessors were to be paid 351000 yearly plus the fees of the students enrolled in their departments. The University was to be governed by a faculty chair- man and no president was provided for. The bill was ratified on Decem- ber 19, the same day the S. C. College had been approved 60 years before. The University was patterned after the University of Virginia, having only the junior and senior classes. A student could choose his own course and upon completing the require- ments would receive a degree in that field. To receive a B.A. degree one had to complete two literary schools, two science schools and two other schools of his choice. The University opened on -Ian. 10, 1866. In the preceding years the build- ings had been used as hospitals, a prison, shelter for freed slaves and the freedman's bureau. Many refugees from the fire in 1865 remained housed on campus until 1869. In spite of the dilapidated condition, the old college buildings were in better shape than most of Columbia and the stu- dents came. By May, 1866 there were 48 on roll. In general the new students were more mature and well-disciplined as compared to their predecessors. How- ever, when the U.S. Army built a gar- rison on the present site of the Rus- sell House, the Rebels-turned-stu- dents became infuriated. The same blue uniforms they had spent four long years shooting at now marched in front of their campus every day. The professors were forced to repeat- edly warn the students that killing a Yankee in '64 was justified by war, but killing him in '74 would be an illegal assassination. There fart frimds ofthe University? Claw of1884 wer? called the Immortal Four during their college yearr. The University was growing and its only academic set-backs in the first years were the losses of two colleges. The School of Astronomy was discon- tinued after the theft of the telescope and the College of Medicine, which received criticism from the Medical College in Charleston saying one medical school in the state was enough, was ended when funds ran out. Social life in post-war Columbia was more lively than when money had been available. Refugees from Charleston were still in the capital and they added to the spirit. 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' . 1 Mechanics was a free, three-year col- lege, and under the presidency of William Niles, it boasted 66 students. The college's brief duration was the formation of the Alumni Association during the reunion of the Class of 346 in 1880. john M. McBryde took office after Niles resigned and the college began drifting back to the traditions and classical curriculum of the old S. C. College. In 1883 the South Carolina College was officially reborn, offer- ing two-year as well as four-year degrees. The church colleges across the state began complaining that the free- tuition system at SCC was drawing away prospective students, so to appease them, the SCC trustees estab- lished a token tuition of 840, which was refundable to needy students. Thomas Cooper's ideal of a free col- lege was not entirely defunct. Despite the fact that farmers were calling for a separate agricultural col- lege, SCC bought 70 acres of land adjoining the campus for the expan- sion of its experimental farm. In 1885 the college had 213 stu- dents but enrollment began dropping rapidly each successive year. There- fore, the Trustees agreed to expan- sion, and the second S. C. College gave way to the second University of South Carolina. McBryde remained President, the Columbia campus :Zi mf.- -- -"'. sr: remained white, and Claflin College remained black. Under the university system each college had its own dean and faculty. There were 28 teachers and 148 courses for the 12 degrees and 6 certif- icates offered. When Clemson Agricultural Col- lege was founded, the University lost nearly 25 per cent of its students. The loss prompted Gov. Tillman to sug- gest the formation of a means for a "cheap, practical educationi' - you guessed it - a third South Carolina College. The new SCC, officialized in 1891, was required to remain within the boundaries of theoretical science, law, literature and the classics. With no longer any great need for cows and fruit trees, SCC relinquished her farm land to Clemson College. At the resignation of McBryde, Dr. james Woodrow became president. The student body dropped as low as 68 in 1893 but suddenly rose to a high of 184 with the added attraction of 13 co-eds, admitted by a legislative act the preceding year. In 1897 President Woodrow was replaced by F. C. Woodward, who four years later was replaced by Benja- min Sloan. These last two administra- tions saw the abolishment of fraterni- ties by the legislature, the linking up of the campus with the new Colum- bia sewerage system and a peak enroll- ment of 301 students. Zi: 5 , At the centennial celebration in 1905, alumni toasted the proposal that the college might expand to broader horizons in the form of a university in the near future. THE GAMECOCK HE I-'OO'l'BAl.I. SEASON DR. JOYNES HAS will A uni.. 11-ia. c.msi.u l'1..ir.l ii.. Lxa,i..1-,tail-fri L11 R F Wasilla Ball--l'm-guns im- wus, Of- C-meme Fund- THE GAMECOCK'JfiU! zltrue. The 101st year of the institution ushered in the official establishment of the present University of South Carolina. 19 The History Behind USC Ccont.J ll t is doubtful if there is a college in the state that takes as little interest in athletics as we do . . .', stated a cam- pus publication, the Carolinian, in an effort to raise a USC football team. The fact that all other colleges were making headway in the sport spurred Carolina into quickly assembling a team of students as well as non-stu- dents. USC's first football team had no coach and no name other than the "College Boysf' Their debut game, played against the 'iMountain Boys" of Furman in 1891, resulted in a disas- terous 44-0 loss. But it was a beginning and soon the players had a trainer Cat 319500 for three monthsj who shipped them into shape as a team that came to be known as the "Game Cocksi' and don- ned the colors of garnet and black. Clemson College was in the process of forming a team at the same time and soon fiery challenges were being tossed between the motmtains and the midlands. The two teams were brought together at the Elmwood fairgrounds on Nov. 12, 1896, where Carolina was the victor at 12-6. Fast asleep in the dorm. 20 The Trustees were extremely opposed to "the illegitimate use of athletics as an advertising medium for educational institutions." For a while they refused to grant aid to the pro- gram, restricted the team to games within Columbia, and contemplated banning rooting and cheering. USC baseball was born in this era, also. The Gamecork newspaper, first edi- ted by Robert Gonzales in 1908, adopted its name from the team - which was not a very notable name- sake at the time considering the team was on a year-to-year losing streak. A well-wishing professor remarked, "May the Gamecock survive longer than any chicken Iive been able to keep on the campus? The Gamer and Black yearbook was first published in 1899 and the first issues, consisting of sketches, stories, poems and a few photographs are worth a trip to the South Caroliniana Library to have a good laugh over. Although enrollment at the Uni- versity was nearing 500, regulations in the early 1900's did not relax. An effort to abolish compulsory church attendance was ignored and the fac- ulty forbade the students to dance such "immoral" dances as the "one- step" at the Christmas Ball of 1913. Teaching the theories of Evolution was also discouraged. Winthrop College, which seemed to have the financial blessings of the Legislature, and Clemson College, growing wealthy from the fertilizer tax, were expanding and far outdoing USC in academics. The University was still being forced to beg for reno- vation money with little hope for much-needed new buildings. In 1909, the new President Samuel C. Mitchell, coming to USC and see- ing the rundown conditions, began traveling around the state "beating the bushes" for moral and financial support of the University. Mitchell's efforts were almost in vain as Cole- man Blease was elected to the Gover- norship of the state. Blease, in order to gain votes of the many illiterat' farmers and textile workers, spoke against Mitchell and his "expensive, aristocratic" university, as well as President lVIitchell's support of pro- hibition, child labor laws, compulsory school attendance for children and allocations for instruction of black school teachers. Blease continued his attack on the , L 171 1919. University when he was running for re-election. Mitchell, who could gain no support except that of students and faculty and who was weary of political attacks, accepted a position at another university. In 1915 he left USC to its backwardness and legisla- tive manipulation. Efforts to elevate the standards were further hindered by an agricul- tural depression, the. slow start of public high school and the First World War. Students were still expected to heat and furnish their own rooms. Under the administration of Wil- liam Currell, R.O.T.C. became man- datory for all male sophomores and freshmen. However, USC began los- ing a substantial portion of its faculty and students to the war. The student body of well over 500 in 1916 fell to 200 by 1918 and after the draft law called men between the ages of 18 and 45 to service, President Currell Copposed to the use of students in the militaryj resigned. Would the 'Uni- versity once more be forced to close its doors in defeat? Some were afraid the answer would be yes. emorial trees were planted along Green and Pickens streets, several monuments were raised and the 28 war dead from USC soon rested in the dusty annals of history along with other men from other wars. - With little legislative cooperation and lack of funds, staff and students, the "return to normalcy" of the Uni- versity proved to be a very slow'and painful process. The Trustees felt the R.O.T.C. program on campus was "inconsistent with the traditions of the University" so they ended it in 1921. Who needed a military organi- zation after the "war to end all wars" had been fought? Because of the stalemate USC had seemingly come to, President Currell was pressured into resignation in 1921. His successor, W. D. Melton attempted to ameliorate conditions by following an "education for all" pol- icy. Melton went to the legislature without the usual apologetic plea for funds. He simply demanded the money - and he got it - s4o6,ooo, almost double the appropriation of the year before. Melton saw the dwin- dling student body rise from 621 in 1921 to 1,419 in 1925 - partly from his efforts and partly from the devel- opment of high schools in the state. The fall of cotton prices instigated an early depression in S.C. and the legislature's generosity soon ceased. The atmosphere was one of hostil- ity toward women students until two co-eds were graduated from the Law School in 1918. When the female scholars proved their capabilities they became an accepted and sought after part of the University. Wade Hamp- ton, the first womenis dorm, was built after the influential passage of the 19th amendment. President D. M. Douglas was brought in after the death of Melton with a salary higher than that of the Governor's so the Trustees were forced to lower it. Douglas urged the establishment of Wardlaw College of Education and University High School for the practice teachers. The Depression hit USC hard in 1932 with appropriations cut 29 per cent, special scholarships discontin- ued, tuition raised and salaries slashed. Aid, however, came in 1934 under Roosevelt's "New Deal." Scholar- ships were reinstated. Sims, Preston and McKissick Library were built. The first "natatorium" was con- structed at this time but the students referred to it as the "swimming pool." With the departure of the Depres- sion went the social snobbery associ- ated with the Columbia institution. Social life was carefree as the stock market began to rise. USC men and women had cars, cigarettes, jazz and bowling to occupy spare time. The impending war in Europe seemed far away. In 1940, 2,000 students were enrolled, a figure that was cut in half by 1943. When World War II started an intensive Naval program began with classes being held year-round. After four years and 140 USC alumni had been killed in battle, the war ended. 1947 brought forth hundreds of veterans seeking education tmder the G.I. Bill. With 4,700 students USC was pressed for space and classes were being held in attics and basements. Under President Donald S. Russell, the extensive construction program as we know it today was begun. The Russell House Student Center, built in 1955, bears his name. The past two decades have brought more changes to the University than any before. In january 1958, eleven Allen University students threatened legal means to gain acceptance to USC after they were refused. Blacks were not admitted until the fall of 1965. By 1970 only 6 per cent of the student body consisted of black stu- dents and the election of Harry Walker, a black man, to the presi- dency of the student body in 1971 made national television. The apathy prevalent in the '50's gave way to involvement of the '60's. Protest against the playing of "Dixie', at games became a major issue. Whether or not to sell beer on cam- pus was also a point of contention. A survey showed that 10 per cent of the 1969 co-eds went to class bra-less and the student Health Center refused to dispense birth control pills. Students gathered for a relatively peaceful Vietnam Moratorium in 1969, but the Kent State deaths evoked a more vio- lent protest in 1970. A boycott of classes was urged and angry students took over the Russell House. Police and troops were called in and the pro- test was quelled and classes remained open. The past few years have brought a new look to the campus with the con- struction of the Coliseum, the sta- dium, a new nursing center, a new law the health center, the BA building, center and new libraries, to name a few. The resignation of Thomas jones in january 1974 came as a shock to many. He left to devote his "full time and thought to the teaching-learning processf' Contro- versy over the real reason still remains. jones came to USC in 1962 when there was a student body of 7,695 on six campuses. He helped it grow to 26,342 on nine campuses and was named "1966 South Carolinian of the Year" by WIS Radio and Televi- sion. March of 1974 came with streakers across campus. This new fad rivaled the goldfish eating, telephone booth stuffing and panty raids of the past. And even though the number of streakers reached a phenomenal 508 on a torchlit night, one seriously doubts the excitement caused by nude runners ever equaled that of the 1800's turkey thievery. President Gilzber Green in 1933. I -' . vu ir 21 Vs- - ., J - t -,,1.!" iw jf-3.-5, U- '.'1 1 .ijt if?- f-K ,er- if gf- Hl...,ig:',-, V. ' . P 5 . '-11 ' - , . kk-'J -....,..s.-- COEDUCATIO : WOME GAIN THEIR PLACE By Karen Petit From long skirts to blue jeans, long hair to short - it finally happened. Women invaded the collegiate class- room. And both the USC campus and women themselves have undergone a metamorphosis to accommodate the change. Coeducation on USC's campus has a varied and interesting heritage. While the first two college organiza- tions on campus, the Clariosophic and Euphradian societies, loved and admired the ladies, in the early 1800's, there was the obvious distinction that the female sex had her own role to fulfill - a kitchen engineer, bottle washer, and nursery attendant with little involvement in public affairs. Although the Clariosophics decided in 1810 that women were less intellectual than men, the Euphradi- ans reaffirmed the fact 50 years later with the conclusion that the minds of the sexes were not equal. The Clario- sophics were so advanced in thinking that in 1810 they decided women should not participate in government and Euphradians denied women a place in a society outside the home. By 1830 the Euphradians had announced that enjoying the female company was not compatible with the 22 student's collegiate duties. Also, waltzing with one's arm around a lady's waist was indecent. While girls frequently attended chapel on the South Carolina College campus, they were denied entrance into the school's social halls. Had they been allowed within the inner sanctums of the male campus domain, they would have heard great oratorical debates on their honor and virtue as well as the sanctity of her marriage contract. For nearly six dec- ades both societies debated whether or not seduction should be punished by death. While many males did not favor this extreme measure, neither society wanted to be quoted as favor- ing the punishment. And in 1811 Clariosophic debates were highlighted by "Is Highway Robbery or Seduction the Greater Crime?" Highway rob- bery won by one vote. While the societies frowned upon divorce and felt the woman should die if necessary to preserve her honor, both Clariosophic and Euphradians were unwilling to demand capital punishment for men who violated it. Although black women attended the Normal School at the University during Reconstruction, it was not until 1895 that coeducation was finally instituted. In 1893 Gov. Ben Tillman announced that coeducation of the female mind at SCC was a mat- ter of justice and common sense as well as a way to increase student enrollment. Because of faculty and Trustees disapproval, Tillman made appeal directly to the legislature rather than the Board of Trustees who had authority to admit women but declined to do so. While conservatives favored educa- tion of girls at Winthrop and private colleges, Tillman was ahead of most in advocating coeducation. Although The State endorsed Tillman, it was the Charleston News and Courier which favored coeducation if not in the com- pany of men - "our people still believe in the manly men and wom- anly women, and whether right or wrong, the impression prevails that coeducation after a certain age tends to modify these distinctive qualities which should be the pride of each sex." Because of Tillman's influence, the legislature approved the 1895 appropriations bill directing the trus- tees to admit qualified women to the campus but not below the junior class. Agreeing to allow women to enroll in special classes, the trustees did little to encourage women to attend SCC and women did not enter the college scene in 1894. Favoring coeducation much more than Tillman himself, successor john Gary Evans announced in his inaugu- ral address that the legislature amend a statute to allow women to enter below the junior class. In December, 1894, the matter was hastily changed to read "the trustees shall provide for admitting young women qualified to enter the College." But barriers still existed - no dean of women, no women faculty mem- bers, no dormitory spaces for girls, not even an adequate restroom. These were the conditions when Francis Guignard Gibbes received permission on Sept. 24, 1895 to take a special course. Coeducation had begun. A week later five more females entered to study special courses and by November, SCC had a total enroll- ment of 13 females, all taking special courses. The first girl to graduate was Mat- tie jean Adams of Newberry who, according to classmates, "possessed an almost passionate fondness for books." Receiving her A.B. in 1898, she said she came to SCC because she needed a better education than the one provided by Southern female col- leges. The 1898 USC catalogue first fea- tures its decision to admit women explaining, "in accordance with the act of the General Assembly 118945, women are admitted to any course, regular or special for which they may be qualified." No other information is given concerning women. In 1903, another woman became a first by becoming the first female on campus to receive a master's degree. She was jaqueline Segar Epes of Blackston, Va. Women had already invaded the law school in 1897 when Ellen Rebecca Norris entered the jun- ior class. The event was almost too much for a law professor to take and he questioned her right to receive a degree. Norris, however, did not fin- ish the course and there were no women law graduates until 1918. The female enrollment increased slowly from 13 in 1895-96, 14 in 1896- 97, to 18 in 1897-98. While more did inquire about the college, few applied because of lack of dormitory space. Room and board in private Columbia homes cost about 5515 more than the cost for a male student living on cam- pus. Evans was the first to point out that the college's dormitories were only half full and urged that DeSaussure be converted into a dor- mitory for girls. This action did not go through. Scholastically girls were much like the boys - a mixture of both good and bad with a few needing admon- ishment for poor work. In 1899, Anne Fayssoux Davis of Winnsboro became the first woman to graduate with honors. President Frank Wood- ward complained that women sought only light and easy courses and over- indulged in the social pleasures dis- rupting the progress of the male stu- dents. On Dec. 1, 1896, several females received permission to give a dance at the home of Mrs. Louis LeConte on Pendleton Street. This was the first officially recognized coed social func- tion. Coeds became reluctant to pursue active roles on campus. Laura Annie Bateman, president of the 1891 fresh- man class, resigned because of popu- lar disapproval. Afterward, young ladies had a tendency to avoid campus politics. And, it was not until 1973 that the University elected its first woman student body president, Rita McKinney. In 1895 fear of female take-over caused the Clariosophic and Euphra- dian societies to amend their constitu- tions to prevent the entrance of In 1913, this coed reigned as one af the first "Queens of Eafter Week." women in their meetings. But the coeds formed the Parthenian Society in 1900 to promote "academic culture, sociability, friendship, and a spirit of loyalty to the school." One brave member of the newly formed organi- zation moved that all boys be banned Wommk tennis was quitepapulaf in the earb' twentieth century, agbecialbqnf the "skirt" set. 23 PY! B31 H55 .Qu S. - X! . r 'V' ' E 'U J f xx, I, Y . fx-.r'.- r. , 1 . 1 nw, .+,. , 4 ,. ,, . . I 1 V 'H -'rl J, :fp 1, f .'r,-r'- 'rin njisu . ' 1 fm:-EQ' W. H Q :L .. '7'- "' '. .ki .4 J ' -. 1415.7-V U' " ,- ,1 3 v. ? 4. i . if" ' ., ,G-1 L..-,L .-'f,,f.-, - - fx'-1. , J , 5- fir - 1 W' ML " M' .. v " L 1... .4-F 1 sf ?.1'L:,2'S-,iggghifjgf - :'fv:.i-'-'pl LLL 1,1 ,, ' Y -bf,-53? 'fi '5 ' " .gfipwffg M if 5 Af 14:9 -,5:liv'-'54 1--' jp - JL U.-Im-L .--'.f:-, L1 'R a ' 4 un 'r r' ' f P Fx SS ,AfQ95 .. , ,, V4 P it . HQ, ' .f-7"-1' ' ,- N f' 3 -.-'fn' 5: f' I. X .Qif.g. Q XJ. 1 . - , .Q I ' fv- 'w,:. Y Q - .. . 1 L-A .,. .15 , . -E-V 1 Egg' ,' . , , . , I , 1 1 ,. ,xv 4. A K 1 1 V, 1 SN "49.s,..'f 1 sg, 4 ,tis folly to be wivesf' Officers included sovereign spinster, assistant bachelor maid, keeper of ashes of love letters and guardian of love affairs of old maids. Establishing a school for scandal, they featured a curriculum of the art of flirting, its uses and abuses, woman suffrageg how to be happy, because unmarried, and a medical course to'explain causes of heart affections. In 1900 the classes. Probably the reason for this was that the college did little to attract coeds or to furnish facilities for them. J However, growth of coeducation did begin in 1924 when the University appointed its first dean of women, Miss Irene Dillard, and opened the Womanls Building, a new dormitory. As first dean of women, Dillard was also the first female faculty member, steadily until 1952 when women were not admitted as full-time students below the junior class. The Board of Trustees would only admit women below the junior class as day students and had the right to charge each day student with any necessary 'additional expenses to the state. These restric- tions were removed by the General Assembly in 1956. From that time on, freshmen and sophomore women were able to live in Co uectish Coed the same dormito- Clgb are-solved to - Q' ?,.f..,-..--- , 2- ries as the upper- "do unto the other FH 5 lk MLW .g,,,2.lL, j classmen and no fellow as he'd like ' longer had to pay to do unto you, an' f ,ife ft 3 higher fees than do it fast' ' "ntl-2 s -' ' "ff'N'X male PC35- Coquettish coeds ' "' ",q'gE,:' 'A-:gpg . 1 l Throughout the occupied such ele- 'ffl h N. ,ho in years the roles of vated positions as .R' 'Y ,L A 4 fl' the University Cruel coquette, not ' . -7' ' A if C, coed has gradually so cruel coquette, if " ' V "g :f""','1'v . ' 'X ' changed. She has billet doux scrib- ,', " l Lf " ' gone from a status bler, and merce- ' 'T' 1 , ,fl-U ' ' of being looked nary main. 1 X j if 1-jr he down upon by her Also in 1902, J , , 5 - --rf ei'-eejgif wwf i peers into modern each coed was 'ima' ' I 'fnwxl g i " CNW areas where she given the name of , . 2 ' e .. 1 X- competes among either an animal or 7 QQ ,fe qi-.X 'XXX males in the class- a flower by male K' f"'i V, '-1-""" '7"' ' 1 '- ' i room, ROTC and members of the ir 1 l I C7 ff' 1 athletics. Game! and Black f-7"i X , During the staff. One noted if jfgpfgf' 1 , ' early days of coed- coed on campus ' - - l.i'31"-J' Y Aluaigjffi 'H A ' 1 ucation and was listed as a pea- ll fy ,KH of-'X if -fi- 1 ,ffl 1 i through the sixties cock because as the 'X' l fjifffi 4 'Z " , " 2 ' 1 women have most magnificent Pgfffz -' ,H " ' ' served as beauty of the coed flock, ., " 4 . 1 g af-- 9 - --9 ef-,TJ queens for a vari- her vanity was lj ..,-l nd l .1Tet ety of organiza- overpowering. , . Q j- -- A,--T" , tions and groups. Another called the ,QV fjilf Z'Mf'!-l.i',l- trip' , The first football zinnia was the epi- '!l"""'7' YE: 2" ,iff 1 5' . ' ' sponsor appeared tome of spinster- , ,- .lx , 'jk' ,V+ ff-"N , in the 1912 Game! ismM V ' p QNX.. ,a - ,i 1 N, 'p A 1 andbB!af.1f.?er, in 15125 rl"n'ya'fdffE , ' fig" , j' If 1 2 .A liicfbaillearfd frazitsk ing the Lady-Bird - ,' t-A., , 1 " ' teams would have Club, an organiza- ' QQ, ', I 4"Irrou-:.i,Q,.4m'iixwhi.5lM'I. - 5 ' . 45, sponsors as well as tion to allow the ,I 'll ,f ,G-M, tv ' f l.'15Ll','f, 1 l ROTC, Gamer and ladies a little pleas- - ' " ' 7' Black and Game- ure. Colors for the group included love sick green, pale blue and pink. The usual occupation of the 1918 coeds was talking and for the 1918 sophomore class the saying was that "they came, they saw - and they left." Coeducation was really not to grow very rapidly until after World War I. Prior to that time, there were never more than 25 girls attending full-time ranking 55th in seniority at USC. After its opening, the Womanis Building was described by the 1924 USC Catalogue as "fully equipped with all modern conveniences and accommodates about 100 students." Coeducation really grew at the Uni- versity when the female intellectual capacity was proven in 1916 by several female law graduates. After that time the number of University coeds rose cock organizations. Homecoming and Bantam Beauties featured by the Gamecork were other areas of beauty sponsorship. One beauty contest in 1972 is par- ticular evidence of USC's changing women's role. Although the Sexual Object Sweepstakes never came through, it started off with a rather high flown idea. "We aren't going to be hypocritic like the Miss America people, and require talent or anything 25 - --.s,'?'1?'Ew Dawlv College forms the likebf barkgroundfbr 1930 damaf. like that," one Gamecock contributor wrote. "We feel 58D is talent enough." The role of the beauty is not stressed as much today as more and more women have become involved in active roles in the SGA, Associa- tion of Women Students and dorm government. Current issues have also played a major part in the rapidly changing role of women. In November, 1962, a woman became the first black to seek admission to USC. Filing suit against the University, she claimed USC offi- cials barred her entrance because bf race. And in 1972 Gail Ransoine became the first black homecoming queen, an event marred by boos. Equal rights and women's -libera- tion became hot issues in the seven- ties as women pushed for greater availability of birth control contracep- tives, abortion legislation and the equal rights amendment. In 1970, Vicki Eslinger, a maverick law student, started an abortion hot- line. She explained that from 1966-70, she knew of at least one illegal abor- tion being performed on a girl in her dorm. One year a dead fetus was even found in a garbage can at South Tower. An issue over the infirmary's deci- sion not to supply birth control pills for coeds arose in 1970. Harvey L. Burdette, director of the infirmary then, explained that the health center was there for the treatment and pre- vention of diseases. Birth control, he said, did not come under this category. Today birth control pills are sold at a 26 nominal fee to USC coeds. ' A bra survey conducted during 1970 also "revealed" a change in women's preference of clothes. According to the survey, almost 20 per cent occasionally went without bras in public. The Gamemck reporter daringly formed this impression, "The girls who went without bras were mainly Northern Chippie-typej, small-breasted girls." Today's Woman is obviously much unlike her foremother. She is involved in a rapidly growing society where job opportunities are just beginning for females. She no longer has to be the nursery attendant unless she chooses. Versatility is the key for t0day's female. Rita McKinney, '74 SGA president lil' the ffm female to secure that office. USC's First Dean of Women Looks Bac 4 By Karen Petit The evolutionary fossils of coed- ucation at USC are scattered rem- nants of the past, concealed by time and buried in the annals of history. Enclosed in multiple layers of con- troversy, war, and politics, the steps leading to official coeducation at USC have been painfully taken and carefully hidden from previous his- tory texts. Since she was first dean of women at USC, Mrs. Irene Dillard Elliott is able to trace coeducation from conception to official recog- nition on the University campus. According to Mrs. Elliott, the Coeds' evolution is in four impor- tant phases. The first begins with post Civil War conditions in Columbia. When federal troops came to occupy South Carolina, the federal authorities first changed the South Carolina College concept to one of university status. Their idea was to broaden educational opportunities for those in the state. Scouting the Columbia vicinity, federal officials looked for blacks to fill the class- rooms - especially black women who could later teach in the public schools. Finding enough black women to establish a four year Normal College for the prepara- tion of teaching black students, col- lege coeds first entered the Univer- sity's scene during Reconstruction. Housed in Rutledge, these women became the first and only class for blacks to graduate from USC. When Mrs. Elliott became dean in August, 1924, she met Mrs. Cecilia Saxon, a graduate of the first class and a teacher then at Booker T. Washington. Upon hearing an account of the class's experiences, Mrs. Elliott returned to the University to find history pages void of the information. She was told then by University offi- cials that theqsubject was taboo on campus and should continue as it had before - buried, untouched, and forgotten. It wasn't until Gov. Ben Till- man's administration in 1894 that coeducation would be instituted. The years just prior to World War I constitute the second phase of coeducational growth. Located at the Preston-Hampton mansion was the College for Women, a Colum- bia independent college closely associated with the Presbyterian Church. President of the college was Miss Euphenia McClintock, a very efficient and popular presi- dent, who nevertheless was a poor business manager. With the Euro- pean crisis threatening American security and involvement, Miss McClintock found her college's 360,000 debt insurmountable. For 1915 this was a lot of money, too much money for her school. With no future as an independent col- lege, she pleaded with the state leg- islature to take over her school and combine it with the University. But 360,000 was also too great a debt for the poor state and the leg- islature refused her appeal. When Chicora College merged with the ailing school, much antagonism arose between these two institu- tions. Supporters of McClintock's college established a professorship at USC to be given in southern studies in honor of Miss McClintock. Also, McClintock dor- mitory is named for her. According to Mrs. Elliott, "Miss McClintock should have been USC's first dean of women. The state should have taken over her school and combined it with USC." The McClintock era overlaps the opening World War I years and the next phase of coeducation at USC. As many male students left school to join the war, university officials looked at the declining enrollment with alarm. Fearing a during the years 1924-35. possible repeat of Civil War condi- tions when the academic halls sud- denly emptied, the administration decided to allow Coeds to live in University dormitories. Mrs. B. L. Parkinson who became advisor to the female students moved into Rutledge with the girls. While Mrs. Parkinson was actu- allyfirst dean of women, the Uni- versity did not give her the title or consider her a member of the fac- ulty. This second female occupa- tion of Rutledge lasted only for the war's duration. The close of World War I intro- duced the final chapter in coeduca- tion as well as the beginnings of Mrs. Elliott's association with USC. In 1922 both the South Caro- lina Federation of Women's Clubs and USC President William Mel- ton began full campaigns for offi- cial coeducation at the University. During December, 1923, Mrs. Elliott, then Miss Irene Dillard, met with Melton. He said USC was going to have a dormitory for women, a dean of women, and offi- cial 'coeducation within the coming year. Melton's criteria for the dean of women included that she must have a Ph.D., have a full professor- ship with membership on every committee relevant to coeducation, and the same salary as her male peers. When Mel- ton offered Mrs. Elliott the job, she refused saying that she already had a job offer in LaGrange, Ga. A graduate of Randolph Macon Women's College and professor there for seven years, Mrs. Elliott was currently working on her dissertation at the University of North Carolina at the time of Mel- ton's offer. In june, 1924, she received the first Ph.D. given to a woman at that school and accepted the position of dean of women at USC. As first dean of women, she also became USC's first female faculty member. She served as dean from August, 1924, until June 30, 1955, when poor health caused her to resign. A shortage of English pro- fessors in 1946 brought her back to USC where she taught until 1964. Those last 18 years were her happiest years of teaching, she said. "Looking back on the deanship I worried and grieved over problems that naturally arose." Her dedication to the University continues today and she seems to know more about current campus life than most students do. A charming and gracious lady, Mrs. Elliott has given USC a rich legacy in coeducation. This Darwinian web of coed evolution clings delicately to for- gotten pages and lies hidden in untold memories. USC owes Mrs. Elliott more than a debt in her coeducation story. We owe her a tradition. Editor's Note: In preparation for this story, Mrs. Elliott was inter- viewed at her Columbia home where she still resides. -.,,.a M N15 M otym A4 . ,Y ' all My 2 .. -- M -1 ' I . :-,,,- Cf., as . '-'Qc Q Q tbqra' Q92-,-9, . L, 1 TTB ,. -. wifi , K' i i'lifi'i5i:Ei'i'-"-A 1 X '29, 3' G' ' A 4 1 A - .1 .5-fe , ' .aku -Af., ...jf ' lx. lvl' it 'af 4- t... wi- - if-' - "'.:--assi--'-5-11, , . "" .E 8' ' ' -1"'ff., 1- A . "'1i'f-af" 'r' -1' 'L "5f!7f'12i--:,9-g1ffff:-.,51-ifi1,J.-- A - ' -irfjf . r- . :. .fy '- -. - . e- f.-fr-: 1 , - .i YI h 4 . 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' - - . --1-gf I-.-A-,' ,fy X . - x -. , . 4- ' - 1, , ' .1511 ugsu-1 ff: ' 2, 7 . ., ,fb1a36'-Qian' A -sl' .1 4.4.-s ziifxe Q""S1f'-4 . ' .' - ' ff? - C ' A' ' ' .' - "' N- -W , X. ' - 1 '- , X f f .X-.. . I f '7x I fx U r Qs ' - ' 1, -- , f ,',' , .- The Greek System Moves Up By Karen Petit za While the same fraternity cry to go Greek has penetrated the Carolina campus for years, the role of the tradi- tional fraternity member has gradu- ally changed. From early years as underground groups seeking reorgani- zation in 1927, and a later more party- goer and philanthropist combined, the campus Freddie Fraternity and Susie Sorority have become involved in a whirlwind of social activities since early formation of the groups. Never let it be said that the Caro- lina male has ever been at a loss for something to do. When fraternity life came to campus in the form of Delta Psi in 1850, another dimension was added in Carolina history. This frater- nity, along with Delta Kappa Epsilon 118525 and Beta Theta Pi 118585, was to exist until the outbreak of the Civil War. Two others, however, Phi Kappa Psi 118575 and Kappa Psi 118585 continued even after the war. Initiation fees and dues at the time were srnall because of impoverished' conditions. Phi Kappa Psi lasted until 1892 with Kappa Psi dying out in 1897. As the campus expanded in post war years, so did the number of frater- nities - Kappa Alpha 118805, Sigma Alpha Epsilon 118825, Phi Theta Delta 11882j, Alpha Tau Omega 118835, Sigma Nu 118865, Chi Psi 118895, Kappa Sigma 1189Oj, and Pi Kappa Alpha 118901. And, with the spread of fraternity growth, the future of Euphradian and Clariosophic liter- ary societies became jeopardized as they took a subordinate role to the new social activities. Society office became less an honor in itself and more a prize to be won by one frater- nity in competition with another. To be "a lion on campus," or today what we call a greek brother, a male had to belong to one of the social fra- ternities. Within the fraternity, the early frat found an organization for both fellowship and social exclusion. It was this social existence and elitist barb that aided in S.C.C.'s being con- sidered an aristocratic school in the late 19th Century. Opposition to fraternity groups came from a group called "barbarians," or non-members. The hostility between frats and non-frats, who felt themselves socially ostra- cized, grew as the years passed. In pro- test to what they called aristocratic privilege, 42 "barbarians', petitioned in 1896 for the abolition of fraterni- ties. These non-Greek students blamed the fraternities for their cultural snob- bery and stated that the Greeks were responsible for many of the school's ills. Among these were lacking in school spirit, attending literary society meetings only to vote their brothers into office, and bringing the death of the honor system by refusing to report cases of cheating. The 51 Greek members rallied to defend themselves by denying charges of political power play. Searching back into history, they even noted instances when testimony by frater- nity men had resulted in the convic- tion of fraternity brothers. While trustees formed a committee to review the charges, the barbarians found sympathetic listeners in their cause in the state legislature. In 1897 Rep. Calvin W. Garris of Colleton County introduced a bill to prohibit Greek letter fraternities on campus. The measure passed both houses and became law in the same year. Chapters of Kappa Alpha, Pi Kappa Phi, and Sigma Alpha Epsilon went underground to maintain their organization despite their prohibition in 1897. In 1913 these groups finally agreed to abolish their chapters. When a bill to permit fraternities at the University was narrowly defeated in 1920, USC President William S. Currell said the groups were again flourishing as sub-rosa chapters. The Democratic Club was formed by anti- fraternity men to protest the sub-rosa chapters. Bitter antagonism arose between the groups from 1920-1921. In 1927 the General Assembly agreed to lift its ban on social fraterni- ties. With restrictions lifted, fraterni- ties and newly formed sororities began a new era in USC history. This was the age of the flapper and bath- tub gin and Greek organizations became social leaders rather than bas- tions of privilege. Sororities were introduced to the changing USC environment in 1927 when the Scarabean Club's petition to Alpha Delta, Pi was sponsored by the Columbia Alumnae Club of that sorority. In Pebniary 1928, the Beta Epsilon chapter of ADPi was char- tered and ADPi became USC's first national sorority on campus. Chi Gmega and Delta Zeta soon became campus sisters. tive activities. The University in 1927 considered Greek organizations valuable in the orientation and supervision of fresh- man students, keeping alive the inter- ests of alumni in the institution, and providing a common meeting ground for faculty, alumni, and students. The school did, however, fear that the groups might deteriorate into combi- nations of bridge clubs, gossip marts, political meetings and clothing exchanges. By the end of the Depression, fra- ternity pins became the popular counterpart of pull-over sweaters and many young males searched hard to find the necessary funds for the initia- tion fees. Both sorority and non-soror- ity girls were guests at fraternity dances, became Garnet and Black beauties, and served as University sponsors at campus functions. Many of these distinctions became only memories when sororities gave up rented houses in town to move to Wade Hampton dormitory. Then began the era of the 1940's when fraternities and sororities took new life in the years following World War II. After 1945 came more parties and greater emphasis on the Greek system. The sorority's parent group, the Pan-Hellenic Council, served as a court of investigation and trial to inflict punishment for the breach of any of the different sorority's various rules. Social obligations for fraternity members quietly sneaked to the back corners of the neon sign life to begin undertakings of greater benefit to themselves, their fellow men, and their alma mater. During 1945, Sigma Chi began its traditional Derby Day, a day for games and contests among sorority members in order to raise money for charity by sponsoring Derby Day. Fraternlty Alpha Phi Alpha Alpha Tau Omega Chi Psi Kappa Alpha Kappa Alpha PS1 Kappa Slgm Lambda Chi Alpha Omega Psi Phi Phi Delta Theta Phi Kappa Psi Phi Kappa Sigma Pi Kappa Alpha Pi Kappa Phi Sigma Alpha Epsilon Sigma Chi Sigma Nu Sigma Phi Epsilon Zeta Beta Tau Founded 1973 1927 1956 1927 1970 1929 1945 1973 1964 1972 1929 1927 1927 1927 1929 1928 1951 1928 Sorority parties during these years included bridge, Sunday night drop- ins, coffee hours, and of course, fried chicken feasts. For fraternities there have been tap and Spanish dancing parties, Toga parties, blanket parties, and the traditional smokers where there is no liquor or girls so the group can discuss the serious business of being a fraternity brother. Anti-fraternity feelings in the 1960's during a period of campus unrest forced many fraternities to take a long look at themselves and evaluate their standing on campus. Campus growth during these years was phe- nomenal. Yet modern fraternity mem- bership often remained stagnant. Facing an identity crisis, Greeks have currently become more inter- ested in taking emphasis off the Greek system itself with more .empha- sis on thetotal person. A sorority or fraternity is a social organization but today members consider Greek life a 24-hour-a-day experience of providing an individual with an identity and a way of caring about one another in a potentially large, impersonal college situation. Of the undergraduate en-rollment, about one in every 10 is a member of the Greek system. Philanthropic goals are also a part of the Greek system. Greeks spend many long hours raising money for such worthwhile projects as the Bab- cock Center for retarded children, Midlands Center for retarded chil- dren, and the United Fund Drive. Kappa Alpha Psi became the first black fraternity in the spring of 1970 and brought a new era to fraternity life. Delta Sigma Theta, USC's first black sorority, was founded in Febru- ary, 1973. Like the early fraternities and sororities, these organizations are both social and service oriented. In 1971, Pi Kappa Phi fraternity started a new tradition on campus for homecoming week. Deciding that something was needed in order to improve the spirit at Carolina, Pi Kappa Phi researched the activities of other schools. Finding that Clemson had a variety show and Florida the Gator Growl, the fraternity sponsored Cockfest. The event features skits, a parade, and entertainment during the homecoming week. The initial rush process for frater- nities and sororities membership dif- fer today from earlier times although once these procedures remained very similar from year to year. Sorority rush begins in early September when rushees are ushered during open house from one sorority room to another, inspected, and then either approved or rejected. After open house comes invitations and first night parties, and invitations and last night parties. There are cutting ses- sions by both groups in which girls are reviewed and selected and the final day comes when bids are given to future sorority members. Fraternity rush has changed how- ever. Selection has become much less formal and in comparison with soror- ity rush has become a bit more humanized. Rush involves two nights of open house with individual frater- Sorority Arr . A a a a p a Chli Ome Pap Delta Defta Delta Delta Sigma Theta Delta Zeta Kappa Delta Kappa Kappa Gamma Pi Beta Phi Sigma Gamma Rho Sigma Sigma Sigma Zeta Tau Alpha Founded 1928 1973 1928 1928 1973 1928 1940 1967 1931 1974 1975 1929 nities deciding on their own respec Membership in the Greek system has its advantages and disadvantages. Test files are often kept by the vari- ous groups for members' use. Yet the Greek life can be a four year program of refuge from a large campus environment, a way of culti- vating friendship, and one step on the social ladder for all. Nevertheless, less than 10 percent of USC students actually participate in the Greek system today. That's a far cry from years, past when more than half of the student body pledged a Greek organization. Apparently the reason for the fateful plunge has been the onslaught of the socially con- scious and politically active student. 29 Carolina Athletics Having o . .hm g f 'ffsis X ,xx X, 'e '-xi 'N X 2 X A,.. -'A1 Q . lo Cheer A f - ' I,-fix TVTQ-.punt A 1 , X- ' , ' .1 is segfw- my Ne I Qixl Q N552 - r 'fl' 7 .X M s ' - I N1 . AGP llfu' .1 at , , , Z N .. vigi l M y W gy X pil l:-1 ' t. Qi lit l M ' Z u lm . By Cheryl Wood 6 pl .l ll ' if l ,A From rather obscure beginnings, A ' N 1 2 Q the major sports at the University of , IPX A N Q p M It South Carolina have developed into 'H I l AWN 5 gf, H impressive programs with modern 4 ' and sophisticated facilities. Student :Lag - dxf f ' baseball teams played against city fire- ih ' if XE a ' paen and lpolicernen in the 183033 5. , 'T f' f p, i . ntramura competition was permitte K- f ,gf ,li by the faculty in 1t89O, and the stu- . 15? ' dents were given permission to con- ,f ' p veizsoriie land-into a playing field. J,.,4.g ,, 1 ly. ,X .X aro ina s irst intercollegiate foot- NXXS Xp ball game was against Furman in XL, NN fx December 1892. The team lacked a 'f ' Aj V coach and paid for its. own transporta- ' 1 XXQAOQTX tion and uniforms since the faculty U," 1 l' had not approved the contest. Furman 1 ll 4 won 44-O. V Qt-ig The first sanctioned athletic organ- fQ Mgfibff ', izations were instituted as a result of f ' wi A the formation of the Athletic Associa- ,"f"f f. . ff' tion of the South Carolina Colle e in fl M p Aff g ff X J' 1894. The first football team did not X Nfl, XXXW accomplish very much, losing its two - ,Buy 1, . -if I . , games. Neither did the 1895 baseball , af? Q ,L --rv--.ff "7'QjL.i. Q .. team, which played its single game of ., .r , f Wm - the season without a coach. L ,N --.TEY 1 - " It did not take long, however, --1-' 1' I .' :T - T..--1 . .' ' ' - .:...- -' a- C- ----f' . ,7- 15-7 f: f1'3?3.,Yg4 Q - Y ,,-,- . .1-.1,v.+ N, -Y M , ' -4 ---'-- ' .,---,- .. ' ,:' -.., --. -.-.. 0 dna, . ....L:+-.- ---rmixwf.. --....... .F H f:...-, - -"5:'-f',.4+L...i..'l' A H Y Us , T' before student pressure forced the fac- ulty to pass a resolution in 1896 per- mitting intercollegiate athletics. Also through student effort, a football coach, "Dixie" Whaley, was hired. The first seasons, however, were unsuccessful "on account of poor material." Baseball fared little better, although it did have a winning season in 1897. Restrictions placed upon intercolle- giate athletics by the faculty also hindered growth of competition. Leaves of absence were required for out-of-town games, and not over six, days a session could be missed. No student under 21 could play in away games unless he had written permis- sion from his parents. In the next few years student enthusiasm apparently waned, and there were frequent calls for the stu- dents to show more interest and spirit at the games. But although there were complaints about lack of student spirit being partially responsible for losing games, rivalries with other teams were developing. Wofford, University of Georgia, Furman, Davidson and especially Clemson were big enemies on the field. Caro- lina-Clemson games were important events, and a near-riot after one con- test was partially responsible for the decision by the trustees to abolish football for a year in 1906. Basketball was allowed admission into the Athletic Association at the University in 1908, but it was an insignificant sport until about 1911, When first organized, it was referred to as a "sissy" game because it was played originally by the coeds. Athletic competition continued to grow, and it was interrupted briefly by World War I. The major sports, especially track, had shortages of stu- dents and coaches. The situation was even more acute during the Second World War. At the beginning of the 1943 football season there was no coach and no team. The University, fortunately, was given permission by Washington to use Naval trainees sta- tioned on campus. A voluntary coach- ing staff was formed, and the team compiled a surprising 5-2 record. The basketball team also had a voluntary coach and all players were non-civil- ians. Similar problems plagued the baseball team which began with 20 members and dwindled to a 15-man roster coached by the catcher. Other intercollegiate sports devel- oped through the years. These included golf, fencing in 1925 and swimming in 1929. Boxing was first played as a club sport but it became very popular through the 19iO's. In recent years much has been Carolina takes on N. C. State in the center of an old dairy pasture. Members of the 1914 Baseball team .gbort new unwfmr affine time. -.-.1 .227 -- . 1. . ' f I' '. l'f.,i ,dui l l r i ' . An earb gob' team pores with clubs in front of Davis College. Currently known df Gibber Green, the rlearing lvere used to .verve at a goQ' driving range. 1 l 'ff ,, ,gf , , ,U S C ,. .jg 'll I If EgQf:4':,.'EEL-,9l.?mfF ff lt i t - ,r 2' it , l FX lj ir X 'I 4' J f. I 5. 6 Ekypx ! 1 l, x A il E li' ll 'ZSTYRQ I at 1 gt i N I 'X I, crixxlxi I fi' it I T' l i l K A lf ll ,ll 'e ll . 1 Q. X a. i Q -I .M ML: KR I lifffvfwg .-NA W i 1 Ei at 'QL E, Q Ill' f ww ., ,Q if-w..k,X fig. g AM, , fn," A USC coed gains admittance to an earb footballl game. 32 accomplished in the major sports. Today Carolina's baseball and basket- ball teams are nationally recognized - a big difference from the no-coach seasons and labels of usissyv ball. VVomen's Sports The participation of Carolina coeds in intercollegiate sports has taken a long time to become a reality. In the first years after women were permit- ted to attend the University, they formed sports clubs such as tennis for recreation. Gym was made mandatory and the classes participated in many activities, including hockey, golf, track and clog dancing. It was not until 1966 that women had a chance to participate in events other than in class or intramurals. But that was only on sports days when the students were permitted to play other colleges on a single-day basis. Non- l Taking .room from the male point of view, .tix gals join together to jnrm a 'lrzlny ball" .vquaaf Below, gym flax: keeps the new coed: bury. ' supported volleyball and basketball clubs were formed to compete the fol- lowing year. An important event in january 1974 was when the coed sports club program was placed under the Department of Athletics and Helen Timmermans became the first athletic director for women. This move partially came as a result of the new Health, Education and Welfare regulations .prohibiting sex discrimi- nation in federally funded educational programs. Since that time varsity programs have developed for women in six fields. They include softball, volley- ball, gymnastics, tennis, basketball and swimming. 'Facilities I The first athletic facility on cam- pus was Longstreet Theatre. Earlier the building was known as Science Hall and it housed a gymnasium in the basement. When the science classes left in 1910, the entire build- ing became an athletic center. Swimming facilities completed in 1939 were made possible by President Franklin Roosevelt's approval of a Works Progress Administration grant. It was opened to the public in a special dedication ceremony in which Senator james F. Byrnes and Secretary of Commerce Harry Hopkins deliv- ered speeches marking the event. The old swimming pool was replaced when the new Natatorium opened in july 1975. One of the finest of its type in the nation, it features separate diving and swimming pools. In 1898 a permanent site for Caro- lina's football games was provided by if f. Before 1934, lbe Gamecoelar ,blayedjbotbull in a lot new orcupiea' by tbe Russell Howe and tbe Cooper Library. the enclosing of an area near Long- street Theatre with a fence. Grand- stands were also added to the new ath- letic park. It became known as Davis Field in 1907. In 1934 the football stadium was built in the middle of a dairy cattle pasture with a seating capacity of 17,600. It has been enlarged and remodeled several times, the last being in 1972. Able to seat 54,500 people, the modern facilities include Astro Turf and computerized score- boards. The University also has excellent centers for basketball and baseball. The Carolina Coliseum and the Rex Enright Athletic Field provide an opportunity for players to use some of the best facilities in the nation. Until lbe Colzlfeum was completed in 1968, basketball was played in afeld bouse which .ttood where tbe Pbyrical Sciences Center now rtarzds. Related Activities One of the most frequent reasons given for the unsuccessful teams pro- duced early in the University's inter- collegiate competition was a lack of spirit shown by the students. For the 1924-25 season three cheerleaders organized a squad to lead the students. In September 1929 a cheering club - the "Cheerio" section - was organ- ized with over 300 members. They sat together and gave enthusiastic sup- port with their cheers and songs. A band was first organized at the University in 1921. It numbered about 20 members and within a few years was playing at athletic competitions. A Gamecock article in November 1922 stated: "The men on campus who have been rather inclined to sniff at the efforts of the band must have had quite a shock of surprise last Saturday when the band was in the Carolina cheering section and contributed largely to the best day of cheering that we have had this year? From its obscure beginnings, the USC Marching Band of over 200 members has become an important part of the sports scene. One recent honor was when the band performed for the New York jets-Baltimore Colts game at Shea Stadium in 1970. 33 The football team of 1 896, Steve Wadiac, better known as Wadiac the Cadillac, led Carolinait football team from 1948 to 1951. Cheer- leaders, at right, of the 19203 try to drum up that old rah-rab. 34 Clemson .m1.,y.z.,7V ,nn to .tzx b game The entire spectrum of USC ath- letics has changed considerably through its 100-year evolution. From relatively 'icheap pick-up" games in the late 1800's to a multi- million dollar undertaking, Caro- lina has had some rough sledding through the years. But, the sports have had their bright spots too. Especially in recent times, Carolina has entered in the limelight of the major colle- giate sports world. Besides having many of its teams nationally ranked and partici- pating in post-season intercollegi- ate competition in recent years, Carolina has had the honor of pro- viding the present professional sports world with 11 of its former football players and six of its for- mer basketball players, in addition to those in other sports. 1 Membmlnib in Carolina? marching band ba.: multiirlied .vince it.r incqbtion in 1921. At night, the mp tain of US C CQ fm' swimming team K1 9341 WMM his moakrn uniform. USC ATHLETIC HALL OF FAME The Athletic Hall of Fame at the University was created in 1967 to honor outstanding par- ticipants in USC sports. The members are selected by the Carolina Association of Letter- meh. YEAR 1967 1968 1969 1 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 INDUCTEE Earl Clary Steve Wadiak Alfred H. "Fritz" Von Kolnitz Freddie Tompkins Sam Daniel Luther Hill Lou Sossamon Grady Wallace Rex Enright Fred Hambright Bill Rogers Norman "Scooter" Rucks Ed Boineau Dick Little Alex Hawkins Harold Mauney Bryant "Meatball" Meeks Mclver Riley Solomon Blatt Rutledge L. Osborne Jim Slaughter Bishop Strickland- Frank Mincevich SPORT Football Football Football - Baseball Basketball Tennis Football Football Basketball Football coach - Athletic Director Football - Basketball Football - Basketball Baseball Track Football Track Football Football Football Track Worked to build major athletic program at USC Basketball Football Football YEARS PLAYED 1931-33 1948-51 1911-12 1932-34 1935-37 1911-15 1940-42 1955-57 1938-42 1946-55 1931-33 1924-26 1946-48 1926-30 1937-39 1956-58 1932-34 1945-46 1941-43 1947-50 1947-50 1952-54 Carnpu Attraction Crowdt gather to hear US. Preridenl William Taj? deliver a speech on the Horseshoe in 1909. ' By Susan Cate The coming of the French General the Marquis de Lafayette in 1825 began the flow of prominent visitors to the S.C. College and the Univer- sity. The College proclaimed a week long holiday and a cadet corps was formed to participate in the ensuing festivities. Nationalist Daniel Webster addressed the Euphradian Society in 1847. He was met with a Serenade and a torchlight procession, but he gave such a poor speech it was claimed that the student who introduced him was rnuch more eloquent. Dorothea Dix, on request of Presi- dent Lieber, spoke here on behalf of reform of mental institutions. She helped influence the legislature to improve conditions at the State Hos- pital which she claimed lagged behind every other state in reform. William Jennings Bryan, the "Sil- ver-Tongued Oratorn spoke at the col- lege in 1899 and-U.S. President Wil- liam Taft gave a speech from the 36 President john R Kennedy spoke at ihe 1957 graduation ceremonies at Usc, where as a U.S. Senator he reeeioed lhe honorary Doeiorale of Laws. 4-S. V steps of the president's house at the head of the horseshoe in 1909. More contemporary visitors to USC have been German Ambassador to the U.S. Dr. Heinz Kerkele and Rabbi David de Sola Pool, rabbi of Shearith Israel in New York City - the oldest U.S. jewish congregation. Twice in the early sixties jesse Stuart, author of The Thread That Ran: So True and Poet Laureate of Kentucky spoke to Carolina students and faculty. john F. Kennedy, then a demo- cratic senator from Massachusetts, spoke at the 1957 graduation ceremo- nies and received an honorary Doctor- ate of Law degree from USC. He returned on his presidential campaign trail in 1960. His brother Robert also came to Columbia sporting a garnet and black campaign button with a garnecock in the center crowing "Vote Democratic - The New Frontierf' All over campus rang the cry "Let's put a gamecock in the White House!" Vice-President Richard Nixon was supposed to come the following week U - -- - --- -- --- --- -- jones during a ozlfit to Carolina in 1968. but he canceled because of a bad weather forecast. Mrs. Lyndon johnson spoke from the State House steps in 1964, but jeering protestors, the majority of whom were from USC, made it almost impossible for her to finish her speech. A minute article on the back page of a 1962 Gornecock states that Dr. Henry Kissinger from the Harvard Law School was to speak in USC,s Drayton Hall on "The U.S. and Revived Leadership of the West.', Pearl S. Buck, authoress of the Good Earth, spoke of her life and times to USC students in 1968 and Ralph Nadar came the following year to lend advice on consumer affairs. Art Linkletter addressed journalism students on the effects of the media that same year. Senator Edward Kennedy spoke at the Coliseum in April 1972 andphe was met with a large group of prote- stors. One of them, a woman, said she could not support a man who called her ancestors traitors for fighting in the Civil War. Black Congresswoman Shirley Chisholm addressed USC's Young Democrats at a 1973 rally. Betty Frie- authoress of The Feminine Mysti- spoke on the feminist movement same year. Colonel Charles Duke, the only Carolinian to walk on the was the speaker at the spring graduation exercises. 1974 ushered in Wfolfman jack as host to the Home- coming concert and Nicholas Von Hoffman, a nationally syndi- cated columnist, spoke on U.S. affairs at Booker T. Washington. Many promi- nent visitors have come to USC, but even more impor- tant are the promi- nent alumni who have gone forth from the Univer- sity. The first male alumnus of the college, Anderson Crenshaw, gradu- ated in 1806 and went on to be appointed to the chan- cery bench of Alabama. One hundred years later Mrs. Lueca CMattie Adamsj Gunter, became the first woman graduate. Prominent living alumni include the chairman of the board for General Dynamics Corp., the chairman of the board for Standard Oil of Indiana, William Price Fox, Writer-in-Resi- dence at USC, S. C. Att'y Gen. Daniel McLeod, former S.C. Speaker of the House, Rep. Sol Blattg retired S.C. Supreme Court Chief justice J. R. rg? -I j Marion Sirm, graduate of SCC. in 1831, Lf ronridered thefatlyer of modern gynecology. Boss and the present Chief justice J. W. Lewis. All but one of the living former governors are alumni of USC. They are George Bell Timmerman, Ernest Hollings, Robert McNair, john West, and Donald S. Russell, who also served as senator, judge, and president of USC. Strom Thurmond is the lone former governor of S.C. not to graduate from USC. Prariderzt Taj? addretres a group of interested onlookers at the fnirgroundr during bit ozkit Io USC and Columbia in 1909. 57 Pads and Fashions Turkey Stealing, Pant Raids, Etc., Etc. By Susan Cate Take several sturdy buildings, place them on a couple of acres of land, fill them with 150 young men, build a wall around them and patch up time not spent in classes, eating, studying or going to literary meetings with puritanistic chapel services and you have a smoothly flowing, studious life on a peaceful college campus, right? Wrong - and the South Caro- lina College trustees soon found out that their recipe for academia lacked one essential ingredient - diversity. Where were the cockfights, mint juleps and duels of yore? The students missed the action they had known in their families, so they decided to cre- ate a little of their own. In the years preceding the War of the Northern Aggression, it was not uncommon for the stillness of a moonlit night to be broken by gallop- ing hooves of the horses of masked men sporting Capes and waving torches as they stirred up the settled campus. Cheering crowds would greet the Nblackridersv and perhaps join them later for a tinpan serenade at the house of an unpopular professor. Profs often suffered the brunt of illicit activities. Their benches were tarred, their images were burned in effigy hanging from trees on the hor- seshoe and they were given names like 'QOld Cootf' "Old jock" and "Old Fossil." Faculty gardens were often the scene of midnight raids. Their house windows were broken, their carriages dragged off, their pets chased around campus with lighted fireballs tied to their tails, pistols were fired outside their windows and 58 Sigma Chi atlempts to .vtojf u phone booth in 1959. . their turkeys were stolen. Pranks such as turkey stealing became so popular that they soon spread into the previously pleasant town of. Columbia. Probably many a housewife participated in verbal assaults against those "irresponsible, aristocratic college boys" over the backyard gossip fence. Columbia also watched aghast as students beat up circus men, started bonfires in order to call out the fire department, and horses were painted and their tails shaved. SCC students removed planks from the chapel steps in order to get a laugh from watching the faculty trying to scale the support- ing sides. Hernlines on Fisticuffs was popular and so was dueling. One student was fatally wounded in a dispute over the rights to a plate of food. Since there were no ladies in the college a man looked elsewhere for companionship. If he could slip away from campus services and go to a town church he would somehow meet a young lady and afterwards spend his nights climbing over the campus wall to serenade her. If he couldn't find a fiddler, his friends would come beat- ing in rhythm with tin pans. The smug senior was born during these early years, distinguishing him- self from mere plebeians by sporting a top hat, cane or coat tails - depend- ing on the choice of his class. Fresh- men were initiated into the campus "family" with cries of "rat" or "frosh." Often in the hazing process a boy's face would be blackened and he would be severely beaten. A college jargon with words such as "bug', for professor, "shoot', or "kill" a prof for making a good mark, 'iflunkingn and "shooting the bull" came into use. After the Civil War and the com- ing of baseball, rugby and football, violent pranks became less frequent. The popularity of literary societies waned with the waxing of social life. The advent of greeks brought rivalry into the once close-knit student body. Cheers like 'eHobble Gobble, Sizzle Drizzle, Hurrah Hurrah '99" rang out where the lines of Virgil's Aeneia' were once heard. As the campus grew, collaberated pranks died. Depression after World War I ushered in an aura the Rise 19003 19205 19403 19605 siudeuts in tile buff Streakifng at US C brought national attention to t be Carolina campus. of helplessness and vandalism increased. The 1920's brought prohibition and true to form, USC students were drinking white lightning as sort of a defiant status symbol. jazz and the Charleston came in vogue. Co-eds bobbed their hair and wore bloomers. Men sported raccoon coats, swallowed goldfish at parties and the richer ones drove their girls around in rumble- seated Fords. Tenement 4357, better known as USC's Monte Carlo, hosted poker and dice games in the '30's. Flagpole sit- rers roasted in the southern sun in order to beat another school's record. Pre-occupation with World War II left little time for '40's fads, but danc- ing the jitterbug and sultry pin-up girls left their mark anyway. Maxcy Monument has always hosted pranks but the '50's were its years of glory. It was once painted bright pink, the gold ball was replaced with a flaming torch, only to be found and then replaced once more with a 100 lb. hitching post statue. When the faculty finally wised up and had a new ball firmly attached to the monument, the old ball was returned. One side was cracked by the heat of a bonfire made from dormi- tory mattresses. Panty raids also made their debut in the 1950,s. The police were called out at the first one held on the wom- en's quad in '52 and six male students were later suspended. The second raid occurred in 1955 with 1000 males beg- ging for panties from Sims girls. The campus police threatened to throw some of the men in jail. Dean Patter- son termed the raid udeplorablei' and 15 of the 1000 participants returned to make an official apology to the administration. They were granted forgiveness. Cruising around town in convert- ibles, smoking cigarettes and listening to rock-n-roll were other pastimes. Bright madras was the denim of the decade and a 50's Gamecork reported that statistics proved no one wearing madras slacks had ever been hit while crossing Green Street. Rock-n-roll began to give way to love ballads by Sinatra and Mathis and a ,55 Gamecork mistakenly predicted that in ten years their progeny would be asking, "Daddy, what was rock-n- roll?" The fashion columns dictated that "you can't be a true gamecock unless you wear weejunsf, and told girls how to fix their hair, leaving out the men because their crewcuts were impossible to change. The same col- umn one year later briefly stated girls' hair was to be worn straight and pro- ceeded with an elaborate description of how men could cope with their beatle "mane" The epidemic of Bea- tlemania brought its wigs, bell bot- toms, boots, records and jewelry to the campus of the 1960's. An ear piercing service was offered at the infirmary. "Roadrunner" cartoons, "Star Trek," "Batman" and secret agents left the mark of the media on all who packed into the Russell House TV lounge to view them. 1964-65 was declared "the year of the Honda." The later '60's saw the bicycle take over the position. And then there were the mini-skirts, the posters, the hula hoop, and the arrival of the.skateboard. The '70's decade actually began in 1968-69 with political activism and ecology awareness - several years of such serious subjects gave Way to hot- pants, the "no-bra" look, the Tolkien trilogy, "turkies,,' the "bump," the "hustle," the Gatsby look as well as unsung football heroes. The old spirit of the boys of South Carolina College was fleetingly revived as 500 USC streakers dropped their drawers to challenge UNC's 200 in the spring of '74. Blue jeans, along with Snoopy, have passed the fad stage and now rest in the category of "institution" One wonders what will come next. In 1855 Pres. Thornwell asked the faculty to let it be their aim to "make scholars and not sappers and miners - apothecaries, doctors or farmers" out of Carolina students. So what would he say to streakers, blackriders, flagpole sitters, panty raiders and rur- key thieves? Panty raidr haue continued to be popular at US C since their debut in the '50ir. l 39 .loplay tbeirjgarl in the inillial conflict of the Civil War. he military and its various aspects have played impor- tant parts in the history of the University of South Carolina. The first military organization existed from 1825 to 1856, and was involved in student unrest against police. Dur- ing the Civil War and World War I, patriotic fever was high and the mili- tary was often the most important part of student life. The World War II campus was a Navy training center, and in 1970 the campus was the scene of student discontent and anti-war demonstrations. The first organized military corps 40 Campus Military utranking Education By Cheryl Wood on campus was the Lafayette Com- pany established in 1825. It was formed in honor of the visit of Gen- eral Lafayette to Columbia in March 1825. Much excitement was created because of the special occasion, and Carolina students organized a cadet company to take part in the reception ceremonies. A newspaper account described the organization as consisting of 40 to 50 men dressed in striking uniforms: chapeau of contemporary style, dark gray, swallow-tail coat g white trousers. The pants were gathered at the knee by a one-inch wide band of black vel- vet ribbon, with streamers hanging down the outer seam, reaching to the ankle. Also a part of their dress was the powdered queue of colonial style. This organization proved so suc- cessful that it was made permanent. The cadets received arms from the State which were stored in the public armory and later in the college library. In 1856, however, the corps had to be disbanded because of student dis- content and misuse of firearms. The students were dissatisfied with the character and the qualifications of the newly-elected president, Charles McCay. They petitioned the board of trustees for his resignation in january 1856. This brought no results, and in February, students began exploding firecrackers and were disorderly. About that time Professor Robert Henry, a former president, died and classes were suspended for his funeral. His burial was delayed for 10 days, adding to the restlessness of the students. The spark that caused the violence to erupt occurred on February 17-18, and almost caused an armed conflict between students and town marshals. It began when a drunk student and his friends passed the guard house, exchanging words with a marshal against whom he held a grudge. Fighting erupted and the student was imprisoned. His friends immediately returned to campus with an exagger- ated story and a crowd congregated around the guard house. More fight- ing erupted and the town militia was called to the scene. The students returned to campus for the guns belonging to the cadet corps. How- ever, further violence was prevented when the students learned that their friend had been released. The confrontation was not over, though, since two students returned the next morning to beat up the mar- shal. An alarm was sounded and the students again came armed with rifles. The militia was also summoned, and the conflict was averted only at the last moment by Dr. Thornwell, a for- mer president and professor. Thorn- well was well respected by the SU1- dents and was able to persuade them to return to campus. As a result of these confrontations the arms were seized and the cadet corps, now in its thirty-first year, was disbanded. The students at South Carolina College did not have to wait long for another military organization to be formed. The city of Columbia was burning with excitement and war fever in 1860, and the students were strongly affected. They wished to form a new military company, and on December 3, 1860 the board of trus- tees passed a resolution permitting them to organize a corps under super- vision and control of the faculty. It could not be called into service with- out an order by the president, and arms had to be stored in the library. The South Carolina College cadets .Quang llfagkfcfclfwfa afwfClfVt!ffClfWfUcg mwvuafza was ,UAQXJLIZHZQJ aM afrlaawica mf nel of the Canjffdemcy and others of the class of 1852 were furmshed wrth arms and gray unrforms They paraded and drrlled for the publrc and a great esprrt de corps was prevalent By the sprmg of 1861 they numbered about 107 offr cers out of a total 145 enrolled at school When frghtrng broke out at Ft Sumter 1r1 Aprrl 1861 the students hoped to depart rmmedxately for Charleston and requested that the scene of confhct The faculty pro tested the drsruptron of academrc studres but Governor Prckens accepted the students request and told them to rema1n rn Columbra untrl fur ther orders The cadets consrdered thrs an attempt to keep them out of actron so they drsbanded and formed a new company Wrthout askrng for orders they left for Charleston by tram on Aprrl 12 The dedrcated cadets pard the1r own way and carrred no arms srnce they had prom1sed the faculty not to use the guns wrthout prror consent Upon arrrval rn Charleston the corps was furnrshed rrfles and ammu muon from the State armory They were g1ven orders to leave for Sullr van s Island and they embarked by tug boat early on Aprrl 13 The cadets were sent near Ft Moultr1e to guard the beach m the event that the enemy made a land attack on the rsland There they remarned for three weeks tmnl ordered to return to Columbra Although the students resumed classes much rnterest remarned rn the war Some left the College for Vrr grnra now the scene of frghtmg By the end of june another company was formed and asked the Governor for permrssron to go to war He agreed to accept them dur1ng the three month Lt? 'xl .IJ N" and resolved to leave for war Desprte the presrdent s efforts to prevent rt the company left for Charleston after hearmg of the capture of Port Royal Later ln January 1862 the faculty passed a resolutron that no permrssron be g1ven for reorganrzatron of the cadet corps that year Many students left voluntar1ly for fear of forced con scrrptron and classes were suspended for about a week rn March In june of 1862 the faculty was mformed that Confederate authorrtres wanted the College burldrngs to use as a hosprtal for srck and wounded sol drers rn the army on the coast of South Carolrna Desprte faculty efforts to later reopen classes the hos 'N 11 ag: K f'1'f' is' 5-s vw '4-11 C91- il lg Qggars- fi 'F'-"7-Ti! Eai, 4' "sf-ali-, qi- .41-if 'Z-... Z .K- Var War I Army Company at USC prqbarer for rzfleproredure vacatron rf the faculty consented The professors passed a resolutron declrn mg to take control over the students dur1ng vacatron The company was drsbanded and some of the students departed 1mmed1ately others wa1t1ng untrl the sessron was over When the College reopened rn October 1861 about 75 students and SIX faculty returned Some of those remammg formed a thrrd company prtal rematned And rn addrtron vacant professors resrdences housed refugees drsplaced by the ravages of the C1v1l War When Sherman marched through Columbra rn 1865 an attempt was made to remove all books from the hbrary Thrs was not possrble but two Federal offrcers prornrsed to try to prevent rts burnrng rf a professor would show them how to get to the 41 , , . , . - 3 , . 7 , ' 3 9 , . J , . I . ' 2 ' ' Q! ' ,gy - , A 2 2 an - ' . I - ,f Q ' W . . - r 5. ,f ,., . 1 M 'U A . - 'Z' J. 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I , . 7 7 ' 7 9 7 5 Calzlttbenic: on Gibber Green ,keep potential Joldim jmjparea' during World War L roof of the library. A yellow flag was placed over the hospital containing both Northern and Southern men, and Union guards protected the Col- lege from marauders. Military organizations did not play significant roles in student life again until the outbreak of World War I. Immediately after declaration of war on Germany in April 1917, a volun- teer training battalion of over 200 men was organized on campus. Its purpose was to give every student a chance to later enter the service with some experience in military drill. On April 15, 1917 it was announced that a company of 56 men was to be recruited to form an ambu- lance unit in France. Within two hours 71 men volunteered and 150 eventually applied. The examining officer did not arrive until june, so the impatient students joined another unit being formed in the state. They were sent to train in Pennsylvania where the unit was in effect dis- banded as the men were scattered throughout several other sections. Another organization created at this time in South Carolina was a unit of engineers. Many Carolina students joined, and as a result, the engineering department had practically no stu- dents until the next session. This group of men saw much action in the war. Also in 1917 the War Department 42 established a unit of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps which lasted through the 1918 session. There was objection to this on the part of the University, and it was not until Presi- dent Wilson sent his war message to Congress that the Corps was accepted. Almost three-fourths of the male stu- dents enrolled. A final war organization was the Student Army Training Corps QSATCJ organized in 1918 composed of many ROTC members. It con- sisted of two sections: a collegiate unit composed of men taking special courses prescribed by the War Department, and a unit of men taking vocational training. It was disbanded in December 1918 after the war ended. The SATC had a total enroll- ment of 906 students while 144 civil- ians chose not to participate, includ- ing 54 women. Memorials were dedicated to the students who served during the war. In April 1919, 28 elm trees were planted on campus in the memory of Carolina men who had died. A War Memorial was built in 1935 on the corner of Sumter and Pendleton Streets. It was said of the University that during World War I, as it had been in the 1860's, that "every man who was physically able did service in the armies of their country." After the war in 1919, the ROTC program was reorganized since the board of trustees was impressed by the value and the discipline of mili- tary training. They made the program compulsory for freshmen and sopho- mores, and housed them in separate dormitories. There was general dis- content with the program and because of the hostile atmosphere, it was abol- ished in 1921. It was not until the advent of World War II that another ROTC unit was formed. In 1940 a NROTC unit was established on campus, and in january 1943 the Navy started an additional training group. A Naval armory, Hamilton College, was com- Tbe annual turkey day feast zlfpnpored by this group dcoolar ondroldiers at US During World War II, an ROTC unit taker a maroh through rampur. pleted in 1943, and by August, 1592 men were brought to campus as part of the program. The University from outward appearances was like a naval base and functioned on a 12-month basis, vacation coming only at Christ- mas. After the war, veterans flooded the colleges because of benefits from the GI Bill of Rights. The peak year at Carolina was 1947-48 when out of 4497 students, over half were veter- ans. . The Vietnam War created a differ- ent atmosphere of military life on campus than earlier wars had. A stu- dent opinion poll indicated an accept- ance of military service rather than revolt against it. There were, how- ever, students who worked for peace and demonstrated against the war. This effort produced such events as Moratorium Day 1969 and the Peace Fast in April 1970. Violence later erupted, National guardsmen and police were alerted, and curfews were enacted for a few days in May 1970. Yet, in the mid-1970's the two nity if V a Efthmn-v:...a..a-..J,,.,,, 54a-,u,,, ROTC units fAir Force and Navyj are still active at USC. The emphasis, however, with America's exit from the drawn-out Vietnam conflict has shifted to community involvement. One of the many szgnr around campus dufing .goring 1971 which reminded :ludents of the Viet- nam Wan 43 We Hail Thee Carolina! By Karen Petit A Something old, something new - these are the dimensions of USC's tra- ditions. While a few remain from USC,s early days, others have become but forgotten memories. When South Carolina College opened its doors on jan. 10, 1805, the school also opened with a set of rules and regulations. Probably the oldest campus tradition, the honor system is fighting a slow death on campus today. jonathan Maxcy, first SCC presi- dent, instituted the honor system establishing that "the rewards and punishments of this institution shall be address to the sense of duty and the principle of honor and shame." The honor system was a result of gradual development. In the early years of SCC disciplining a student took the form of a trial. The accused student was always required to bring other students in to prove his case. Because of the right of using student petitions, liberality in the honor sys- tem increased. More than once stu- dents claimed their word was suffi- cient. rv 'i..1'.l In 1825 when SCC faculty wished to make the educational system more strict, President Thomas Cooper said that the system had worked so well that there was no reason to change it. In 1836 a trial system was used for offenders. If a student testified that he was not guilty, the charges against him were dismissed. Later if found that a student had lied, he was expelled. Students suspected of cheating were forced by other students to leave the college. This internal pressure was student-imposed upon the honor sys- tem. Prior to closing the College in 1863, exams were oral in the presence of faculty and once a year the exami- nations were public. About 1917 the system underwent severe strain as faculty tried to bring the hazing system under the honor principle. During the 1950's the honor system became even harder to enforce as student enrollment increased. The decline came about as old multiple choice tests were circu- lated and students began buying cop- ies of exams and research papers. I., .... .I .. .:,,,, 11.11,-ini. 44 Today the honor system has changed to a code of student academic responsibility. The Carolina code includes rules against cheating, pla- giarism, and illegal use of old labora- tory reports. Infractions against aca- demic honor are dealt with in the col- leges and departments in which they occur. Initiation and hazing of freshmen began in the early days of SCC but have discontinued today. The first law against the practice came in 1853: "Any student crying 'Fresh' or QRat' to The school "hall" has alwayr heen one of the major social euentr ofthe year. any other student, or to applicants for College or any of them, or implying any other epithet to annoy or tease them shall be admonished or sus- pended at the discretion of the Fac- ultyf' The 1898 SCC Catalogue announced disapproval of hazing in all its forms, deciding it unmanly and inconsistent with the high character which the student should cultivate. Yet, hazing had become such a prob- lem that it was prohibited in 1914 by the General Assembly. A freshman tradition beginning in the 1920's, rat caps were worn throughout the sixties. Although the caps no longer have a place in fresh- man life, students at one time had to wear their caps all year. Later the tra- dition was changed so that freshmen only had to wear their caps for one The celebration hllawing the 1912 Carolina vic- tory rbowr the rpirit of the arch rivalry. week. When freshmen protested in 1928, the Gamecork urged: "Freshmen, snap into itg wear your cap and show Carolina that youire not slack." A more current tradition, "Dixie,' died once again when University offi- cials in 1970 encouraged campus music in keeping with the historic content. Controversy over playing 'QDixie', at sports events arose on March 9, 1970, when the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare sent a letter to USC questioning use of the traditional Southern song. Although President Thomas F. jones replied that banning "Dixie,, would be the banishment of all other art work compositions of a particular campus group, "Dixie" became a lost tradition. While football itself has become a long tradition at USC, two special fea- tures of the football season are impor- tant in athletic tradition. Receiving little support or enthusiasm from SCC faculty, the Carolina football team first played Clemson in the fall of 1896 in what was to become the stare's greatest athletic rivalry. The first game with Clemson was played on November 12 of that year at the Elmwood fairgrounds at 11 a.m. About 2,000 people paying 25 cents admission witnessed Carolina's 12-6 victory over the new rival. THE TIGER l' in-I1 :gn-, ligar, burning lariglxl B5 llse Shale House lol: al nlalal LM., did llowawlw. 'fionlislt lurid ' B.-Ln, -lflqg 'Pram llwy Guernsey l-mel wt... +L. +i.,., Wa., Cav.-.La. slties -ug, an d will. lwe lwlac e es 1 tr i. I-...na swan. lo lvl .3 A da pen ilu Gamecocks 'fl Q lslalcln llxrl R :lcv 5 'plglnflns lie rf Q: Rip lrln. seller.: Less? apa 'l' Lu 4 lla Lua! scckalxs cfvenl LJ Il clapo lundls and Slonp ourli l' Ulml nu lumncv? Ulxal' ho Cllllvl Tl, ul., HN Fagan 'l' ol: I ilnrflund bu Ualtcli 'HI Gdmccocld 5 duaslnas 'ju-asp Br1n5 an +l5er5 agua, fps? LJ lm sh 1 raced wvllu -Fun and Noun JB wo ld Cell ruund lm Dirt X I V Q 4 3 X .-.'5fv'. V Xbii V bi' 1 X Tri' ws. ' . . -'jy.."f . X 2 z f A-t x I er I-agar L vmng lavnglfl N lg smile lm mark 'l'o sec? l-lg should have nudg a lamb n 4 flue. 1, 'Hn Shi: l-louse ah al m5A+ cm.. ra.: u..,..i +i..+ r. mst, QSXQX N Nc se si...,uf,,, lm +n.t...+s,, Gt, .,.S t, 1.1.4 S M 2 att as am, N RSX Ignfvf' -fm.. N 3 SQ -sg. C mm ls Y Z Hg' I va -funn' na X i .. N M ' r . p t . n R . no I nv 'l I ' it in. - 5 ' X e' uv . u. as--X 5 Xi ' ,fri - N '77 1- c n !,'1 1: U ini 'J -i if U tp x 1 Q 0 - 'M "V ' ra N V 0 . vt vp . . . . X ll! fl ,ff .gi , I U I I - Li iy j- XA X H 1? ' -wa? X p , . - X 9 i una ann.. , , , .Y 5 M X -'L+' . 1 N ' 'X A iii'-. ur I If R .4 Q A i I . 'ru . 1 1 . it ' .J 'ref er 1 9 - . - ,-- ..1,1r-. r 1- . . 'll .' .I,,3l, 45 We Hail Thee Carolina! Ccont.J "Railing" of freshmen was discontinued in the earbf 6019. When Carolina scored an upsetting 12-6 victory in 1902, fighting occurred as Carolina students displayed a pic- ture of a gamecock gloating over a defeated tiger. Tempers snapped between the two schools and later in the day police were called in to pre- vent bloodshed. Clemson cadets armed themselves with bayonets and swords and resolved to capture the gamecock picture. joint student and faculty committees were called upon to settle the dispute. Eighty years later the rivalry con- tinues with Clemson holding a 41 to 28 edge over Carolina in total victo- ries. There have been three ties in they At 107, U.SC's'Gldest Alumnus . . A Living Tradition By Karen Petit Student demonstrations, young college liberals, bicycles for campus transportation, complaints about campus food - sounds like USC's collegiate atmosphere today, doesn't it? But believe it or not, students in 1890 also pedaled their way across campus, smashed pies in the mess hall, and became the young political liberals of the day. At 107 years old, USC's oldest living alumnus is something of a "Ripley's Believe It or Not" him- self. According to Tom C. Ander- son, the University's record holder, students of his day werenit too dif- ferent from the modern student. "In fact," he said, "I think my peers were Worse." Anderson was born at Ninety- Six, S.C., in 1868. A premature baby, he was so small at birth that his parents said they could have put him in a coffee pot and shut the lid. His father said the new baby was too small to give much atten- tion to and probably just wouldn't survive. "But I did live," Anderson said with a smile. Former SCC student, Tom Anderton, at home in Ninety-Six, S. C. Today, 86 years later, Anderson can vividly recall the student days in 1890. Anderson came to Carolina to study mechanical engineering and attended classes in the Science Hall fpresently Longstreet Thea- terj. His reason for coming is prob- ably no different from other Caro- lina students - past, present, or future. South Carolina College CSCCJ was his fatheris alma mater. Anderson was also attracted to SCC's agricultural school. Student life had changed some since his fatherls 1840 days when students had their thrills by taking a cow into the belfry and hiding it there. For Anderson's classmates, fun consisted of protests, demonstra- tions, and hazing the freshmen. When Gov. Ben Tillman proposed that SCC's agricultural school be moved to Clemson, students staged a protest in downtown Columbia. Marching around the city police singing "hang Ben Tillman from a sour apple tree," the students were surprised at police apathy. "They ought to have arrested usf' Ander- son said. College officials were not quite so apathetic. The students were called before a special faculty committee to review the case but were simply given a reprimand. Hazing the freshmen Was another popular activity. Anderson recalls one freshman day when upperclassmen appeared in his room with a shoebrush. Fortu- nately for him, a senior friend intervened and saved the little freshman. Seemingly always lucky, 1, series. Homecoming also is a Carolina favorite during football season. Beginning in 1919, the homecoming week has traditionally been one of parades, parties, pep rallies, and the crowning of a homecoming queen. Although interest in a homecoming parade stopped in 1971, the tradition was once again revived in 1974 with the theme "The Way We Were." These are not the only traditions that USC has known. State fair week, the crowning of an Easter queen, vari- ous athletic awards, and Founder's Day are more of the traditions Caro- lina has celebrated. And, although tradition on the USC campus may appear so, it is not dead. It's just changing to meet the new roles of an expanding campus. The Conjrderateflag, a popular reminder ofourpast in lhe 5 Oit and 603, has :inte been abandoned as a symbol of raaltm. Anderson was also able to avoid the Maxcy Monument ordeal. Each freshman was supposed to climb to the top and make a speech before fellow classmates - Anderson managed to escape. Post-Civil War conditions at SCC were not very good, Anderson says. He had a fireplace in which he could burn wood, and he studied by a kerosene lamp. The mess'hall, operated by a private Columbia family, served less than adequate food according to student opinion, Anderson said. In protest to dinner once, a student smashed his piece of pie under the table. Despite the bleak conditions, professors were good. Anderson recalls two of his instructors in par- ticular. The first, a Yankee captain, was called "Hatchet Davis" by the students, Anderson says, because "he looked like a Goddamn hatchetf' james Woodrow, a future SCC president, still retains a place in Andersonis memory. Professor of both geology and theology, Wood- row was studying the evolution theory. According to Woodrow, the biblical story of creation just didn't agree with the story of the rocks. Teaching his evolution the- ory that creation lasted much longer than seven days caused some trouble for Woodrow among fac- ulty and theologians. Eventually, they were to "defrock'7 him. "What did those people know about Woodrow's theory?i' Ander- son said. 'iHe knew more than the rest of them put together. There are people today who are just as foolish as that." Anderson bought a bicycle for transportation when he came to SCC. It was high wheeled and dif- ficult to ride, he said. In addition to attending classes, students were required to go to early morning chapel and be pres- ent for roll call. Outside of class, Anderson was a member of the Clariosophic Society and regularly watched baseball practices and games. Anderson studied surveying when he came to SCC but was already experienced with the surve- yor's tools. His father, a surveyor, had shown Anderson many of the things he was learning at school. "It used to make me laugh watch- ing the other students survey and see some of the things they tried to dof' Although Anderson is USC's oldest living alumnus, he is not a graduate of the school. After a year at college, Anderson had to return home. His father's best farmhand had left and there was too much work to be done on the farm alone. Even today Anderson resents the fact that he had to leave school and wishes he had received his degree. Working as a surveyor and farmer, Anderson was able to survive the Depression in the 1930's and to have an active life free of illness in his advancing age. Until a year ago, he continued surveying but had to quit when a cataract condition caused his blindness. Still active in his community, Anderson teaches Sunday School and visits with friends. Anderson was last on the Uni- versity campus about four years ago. "It was worth five dollars," he said, "just to watch all the pretty girls go by." Girls were not allowed on the SCC campus very often in Anderson's day. 'fAnd they certainly weren'r allowed in the rooms," he added. When asked why he thinks he has lived so long, Anderson said, "That is a question, isnit it? It is hard to say. I have been outdoors, had fresh air, and plenty of exercise all my life. Also, I'm not very large. I've never weighed over 120 pounds during my life." "Can you imagine a pump that has worked up and down, up and down every minute both day and night for 107 years and never missed a beat?" he said. "Well, that's happened to me." Edior's Note: Mr. Anderson was interviewed for this story at his home in Ninety-six, S.C. College Ain t What By Susan Cate South Carolina College opened in 1801 backed by high ideals and bright promises of a state-supported school where studious young men could come study classical subjects and grad- uate to become the judges, professors, attorneys, and politicians who consti- tute the backbone of the state and nation. Each of the four classes Cfreshman, sophomore, junior, seniorj followed the same course out- line of their peers. In the four years at SCC, a student would have completed two years each of both Latin and Greek, three years of math and French, two years of elocution and oratory,' and one year of algebra, logic, grammar, geography, astronomy, phi- losophy and history - a curriculum patterned highly after that of New England schools. In 1810, Pres. Maxcy added practi- cal subjects such as mechanics, chem- istry and law, de-emphasizing Latin and Greek. Yet Maxcy, himself a Bap- tist preacher, made no move .to include religion into the curriculum. With so many more courses, elec- tives were offered and some of the basic courses, such as French, became electives. Under Cooperls administration, the growing interest of science was cur- tailed and SCC was brought back to the classical studies, although he him- self did teach a course in political economy - perhaps the first course of its kind to be offered in this nation. Cooperis raising of the entrance requirements and the curric- Calendar J?-J"J" - 1898-99 i898 1899 Si.rtH.u tint 25 First Term lwgiixs. Msuen L' Thinl Tenn begins. N0 ' 45 "ER 21' RUMEB' 3l'f'l1'l llellillv- Max' 5 Contest for Representative in the Southern Sovxmxt l'.R 2-l 'l'lmnksgit-ing Dny. Nntimml holiday. Inter-Suite Omtm-ical Cgntggt, m5Cm'D'fR 23 Fifi' T""" WAS- jvsla I7 Medal tfguxesls nf the Clariosophic Literary Cllristtuus llolitlnys begin. Society' Iliacml HER Ill Scvonil Tenn hcgins. JUNK IS Baccalaureate Sermon. 1899 jvsit lil Qu. xu.j Class Day Exercises. Jsstwux' lt' Gen. R. IE. Lue's llirtlulny. State holiday. W- 11'-l Medal COURSE of the Euphrarlisn Literary Delivery of the Confederate Rletlnl. Society. Annual Omturical Cnontestrhetween the Eu- JUNE 30 ja, ,DJ Law School Eumi,es4 phrndum and Llnnnsoplitc Literary Soci- . dies, txt. tn.j Senn-Annual Meeting of the Board of Trus- lftumuam' 3 Annnul Debate between the Literary Soci- wig' mes, tp. 111.5 Joint Celebration qt the Literary Societies. MARCH 2-I Second Term ends. JUNE 21 tu. m.l Commencement Day. Two :lays recess. g Y lp. l.r.j Anugal hll'Ql.ll:lgHQf,QlQYAll'll1l!ii Association. Carolina operated on rho trimmer system btwre the tum of the rentuvy. ulum permitted fewer students to enter the college but he held the opin- ion that quality of students ranked above quantity. He stated that nowhere else in the U.S. could there be found a better education than at South Carolina College. In 1831 there was no freshman class and only a few students in the sophomore class. After Cooper left, theology was firmly implanted in the college's curriculum to ward off any other "infidels" The college was reorganized into Thomas jefferson's- university system after the Civil War in 1866. The old curriculum was divided into two groupings -- "juniors" and "Seniors.', A few advanced courses were added including agricultural chemistry and architecture. However, the new uni- versity had only eight over-worked Although the skills lmoen't changed much from the194O's, tlsejoumalzsm school has much more modem facilities than time in the Coliseum loday. l professors and the pittance of 358,000 on which to operate for a year. The academic preparation of the new stu- dents had been stunted by the war and thus, likewise was the university. Requirements were finally made for the procedure of obtaining a master's degree so one could no longer receive one by merely paying 35.00. A medical school and a law school were added a few years later. ln 1873 the first university formed a "sub-freshmanv class in order to attract more matriculates. The legisla- ture saw this act as an abomination to the state so the new class was soon dissolved. The College of Agriculture and Mechanics, opened in 1880, was a three-year institution. It was the first to change from the trimester to the semester system as we know it today. The first-year student took basic courses such as English, math and his- tory. The second year added such sub- jects as botany, surveying and "Shades and Shadows." The final year con- sisted of three types of chemistry, English, philosophy, zoology and cal- culus, to name a few. The curriculum of the second South Carolina College offered a pro- gram for science majors and one for literature majors. The first two years all BA students took the same sub- jects and all BS students took the same subjects. In the last two years It Used To Be! the BA students branched out into either classical or Latin studies and the BS students into general science, engineering, and agriculture. The BS degree was later dropped and all received the BA. Two year programs in agriculture, surveying, English and reading were offered. To obtain a MA, one had to spend a year in post- graduate study. ,The curriculum of the second USC was very much akin to the one of today. It housed a graduate depart- ment, and colleges of Agriculture and Mechanics, Liberal Arts and Sciences, Pharmacy, a law school and a normal school. The normal school offered degrees in education. Under their respective presidents, each school was directed by a dean and its own faculty. The third college abolished the schools of pharmacy and engineering. Three degrees were offered, two in literature and one in science. Very few, if any electives were offered in the four year curriculum. The third and present university opened in 1908 with departments of education, engineering, business, his- tory, ancient and modern languages, English, philosophy and psychology, math, chemistry and physiography. Today a student must complete a set of courses for a general back- ground, a set for his major, a set for his cognate and several hours of elec- tives to obtain a baccalaureate degree. The College of General Studies offers a four year program whereby a stu- dent can design his or her own curric- ulum with the guidance of the col- lege. USC, with 130 pages of college and course descriptions, has come a long way from the school whose divi- sions and courses would be listed on one page. Grades In the first fifty years of the col- lege, there were no standard grading or testing procedures. A student would be orally quizzed before his professor and the grade would be decided on a sort of pass-fail basis. However, in 1852, Pres. Thornwell visited Harvard and Yale and returned The :Judy afman was quitepapular in the 403. with the idea of utilizing a written examination. No formal grades were devised until 1883, when Pres. McBiyde, in an effort to raise the standards of the second college over those of the first, developed a numeri- cal grading system. Out of a possible 100 points, students who achieved 90 or above were deemed "honors,'i 75- 90 were "distinguished," 60-75 were "proficient,,' 40-60 were "conditioned,,' and those below were "failures.', In 1906, when the third South Car- olina College revised itself and became the third USC, the trustees revamped the grading program whereby the passing mark was raised to 75. In 1914 a grade of 65-74 was Ndefi- cient" and that below 65 was "failure" The students were allowed to do make-up work if they placed in the "deficiency" category, but often professors did not require it and passed them anyway. In 1922, the passing grade was placed at 70. Students received recorded grades as numerical values from one to seven Cseven being the highestj. In 1957 a new system was established whereby one received an "AH K95-1005, "B" f9O-945, "CH C85-895, "X" Cabsent from examj, "I" Cincompletej, "XV" fdroppedj, "FA" ffailure for absencesj, or "NC" Q no cteditj. Those grades were modified in 1971 with a "B" ranging from 87-93, a "CU from 76-86 and an "NC" from 0- 75. Recently the "NC" has been drop- ped and the "DU and "FU re-instated. Grade-point ratios were computed on a 6.0 basis until 1964 when the maximum was changed to the nation- ally recognized 4.0. 49 U . One of the first procedures necessi- tated by the founding of the South Carolina College was to construct a building to house students and to pro- vide classrooms. Governorjohn Dray- ton - according to the instructions of the first board of trustees - adver- tised throughout the nation for plans and asked other college presidents for designs of their institutions. The board offered 35300 for the plan accepted. After considering the submitted designs, the trustees did not adopt any but decided to divide the money between Robert Mills and a Mr. Clark, both South Carolinians. In real- ity, the board used a combination of features of several plans in the design of the first building. South Building - later renamed Rutledge College - was completed in time for the opening of the SCC on january 10, 1805. It was built to accommodate students and faculty, and to contain a chapel and lecture rooms. The first Steward's Hall was erected in 1806 on the site of the pres- ent-day Harper College. This building provided students with an opportu- nity to eat on campus rather than at a local tavern. The next structure erected was the president's house, completed in 1807. Two years later another dormitory based on the same design as the first was built across from South. It was first called North Building but was later renamed DeSaussure in honor of Henry William DeSaussure, a board of trustees member who was largely responsible for the founding of the South Carolina College. Although DeSaussure was partially rebuilt in 50 1851, it remains as the oldest building on the present campus. For the professors two dwellings were built, one in 1810 and the other in 1813. The first was erected next to Rutledge while the second - later called the McCutcheon House -- was opposite it. The McCutcheon House was designed for two professors and their families. A third residence for faculty was completed in 1837 and was later called Lieber. A request in 1814 for additional space in which science and chemicals could be more safely used resulted in a science hall. This building also housed the College's library on the second floor. The second phase of building was begun in 1837 due to an increase in enrollment. Two new dormitories, Elliott and Pinckney Colleges, were built in 1837 and 1838, respectively. Elliott was named after Stephen Elliott, a professor of sacred literature. The second building was named in honor of the distinguished Pinckney family. About this same time there was noticed a need to plan for a new library. The building housing the old one was delapidated, so it was decided to construct a separate facility. It was completed in 1840 and 'today it is known as the South Caroliniana Library. The following years proved to be a golden time in the history of the Col- lege, and two more dorms were com- pleted in 1848 to accommodate the growing number of students. Harper stood on the site of the old Steward's Hall and Legare was on the same loca- tion as the old science hall. It was also in that year that the names Growing Bigger nd Bigger DeSaussure, Rutledge, Elliott, Pinck- ney, Harper and Legare were first used. Harper was named after Wil- liam Harper, the first enrolled student of the College, and Legare was named for Hugh S. Legare, an alumnus and distinguished citizen. What is known today as the Presi- dent's Home was constructed in 1851 as faculty residences. It was remodeled in 1952 for its present function. Longstreet Theatre, designed by a Columbian named jacob Graves, was completed in 1855. However, it has had several purposes during the past and it has been known to other stu- dents by different names. Its original use was as a chapel but the acoustics were too poor. Known as College Hall during the war, the facility was used by Confederate officials as a hos- pital, and briefly housed the South Carolina legislature during Recon- struction. It was remodeled in 1888 as Science Hall and later as a gymna- slum. In the 1850's fire partially destroyed two of the oldest buildings. A portion of DeSaussure was rebuilt in 1851, and Rutledge was rebuilt in 1855 after most of it burned. The last building constructed prior to the Civil War was what later was called Flinn Hall. It was built in 1860, and named for -I. William Flinn, pro- fessor of philosophy. It was used for many years by the Y.M.C.A. After the Civil War, financial dif- ficulties were partially responsible for the fact that no major building was completed until 1889. This building was the first infirmary on campus and was constructed because of a measles epidemic in 1886 and the deaths of two students in their rooms in 1888. In 1900 some students defined it as "a place of last resort." Except for a new Steward's Hall in 1901 and some modernization of the campus, nothing was added until 1908. The University was given money to construct an infirmary in honor of an alumnus, Wallace Thompson. This was the first facility to adequately take care of the stu- dents' health needs. The new infirmary marked the beginning of a period in which some needed facilities were built. The Davis Building was constructed in 1909 and was opened on the celebra tion of Founders Day the following year It was named for R Means Davis professor of history The structure known today as Barnwell was completed rn 1910 Its original name however was LeConte College rn honor of two professors joseph and john LeConte It was used to house the science classes Two more dormitories were built to ease the shortage of student rooms Thornwell in 1913 and Woodrow rn 1914 Both were named for presidents of the College Currell College named for a for mer president and professor was erected in 1918 However it was known as Petrgru after james L Petr gru an alumnus and prominent attor ney It housed the law school for many years Sloan College was constructed rn 1927 Named rn honor of Mayor Ben Jamin Sloan former president and professor it housed the departments of engineering mathematics and physics In 1931 Wardlaw College was completed and used as University High School. This enabled practice teachers to have an opportunity to gain experience in their field of employment. The stadium and the War Memo- rial were both built in 1935. Two years later Maxcy College was con- structed for a dormitory, although its original purpose was to be a student union building. Maxcy was just one of the several new structures built with financial aid given as a result of the New Deal pro- gram A swimming pool was opened rn 1939 as were Preston and Sims dorms Preston was named after a for mer president and alumnus and Sims was given its name to honor an alum nus and doctor ,I Marion Sims It was the second coed dorm the other being Wade Hampton which was built in 1924 McKissrck Library was completed in 1940 also funded by the Works Progress Administration It was named for President james Rron McKrssick a former dean of the School of journalism When the Navy instituted its train ing program on campus during World War II Hamilton College was constructed for its use An extensive building program was begun in the 1950 s and rs still contrn urng The present Petrgru was con structed in 1950 and LeConte and the Administration Building were added in 1952 Callcott Social Sciences Center was constructed in 1955 as a place for the business administration classes Also added in that year were the engineer- ing building, McBryde ' and McClintock dormitories. Baker and Burney dormitories, both completed in 1958, were named for university presidents. The under- graduate library was built in 1959 and is being enlarged. South, Douglas, LaBorde and the Life Sciences Build- ing were new additions in 1966. South Tower, Moore and Snowden were built in 1965. Moore was named for a former president and Snowden for a professor of history. The Physi- cal Science Building and Capstone were constructed in 1967 and the next year the Humanities Buildings the Coliseum and the Roost were added Also built during this tremendous period of growth were Bates House rn 1969 and Columbia Hall and the Physical Education Center rn 1971 The new College of Business Admin rstratron and the Law Center were completed rn 1975 In 1974 a coed dormitory Bates West and the College of Nursing were constructed Planned for future use are Gam brell Hall for the social and beha vroral sciences new biology and phat macy facrlrties and a Russell House addition Also a part of the building plans is the restoration of the Hor seshoe to the way rt appeared about 1850 The road has been brrcked over and the fountain in front of the Presr dent s Home has been placed in the formal garden behind the house since it is of a later time period Ultimately the Horseshoe will have an atmos phere reminiscent of that of earlier days of the South Carolina College The Unuzemty 0fSouth Carolzna zn 1972 l-Laci'-3 X A 'lllrifgo PSTN SX X Pi S -9 XXX ,la - , , , , , . . . . . . 9 7 ' 7 , , . . s n 9 ' 1 1 ' s 7 9 7 ' 7 . , ' a ' ' 1 ' 1 9 . , , . , - - . , . . . . . - , . 9 7 . . , - 3 - - I - . "- rm, 4 g 'X .., X --- i- L --H , i,, .--- " X,- . .. ' - 5 , 47 . ' , 0 , mn' - K' -N X, -N Xxg I Q g . .' . -4 , F cy ,M . . -A . ' . f ' ' . njjairs 4 -,. ' HTQ- ' "L 7 in nr T' . I ' ,-f Z7 --. 5:11 NX XZ.. -f I -X , H ,Q I E I, - T -1.2-, Q ' 1 , ' , Yx xx 7-1 - 1 ,,,- " I . , 'ff ., S 1 X 5 '-., Gbtxx xx 'Q ' , ff'-lg .- -1 i . ,ff-' F4, X nQ:v f a N-ilu :EE-:fl-t, Dormitory living at the South Car- olina College in the 1800,s was quite different from dorm life in the 197075. The first dorms on campus were built in such a way that the students could be controlled. Professors were assigned students and were required to visit them at least once a day. The faculty had to make note of cleanli- ness and disorders. Students could change rooms only upon permission of the president. Modern conveniences were slow in being provided. All the residents had to furnish their own rooms and pay for firewood. Students drew water from two wells in front of Harper and DeSaussure. When the wells were covered in 1898, water was obtained from hydrants connected with the city supply. To bathe, stu- dents had to carry water to their rooms or use the showers built in 1896 at the gymnasium. Electricity was placed in the dormitories in 1902. As late as 1909 the buildings were without central heat and the students used coal and wood in their fireplaces. The president received the Collegeis first telephone in 1884, but it was removed in 1894. There was only one telephone on campus in 1902, and it was in the marshallis office, whose door was usually locked. In 1914 only one more phone had been installed, and a switchboard system was not to be added until 1929 to connect each dorm with the Noutsidef' The University was not to receive residences for women students until a dorm was built in 1924. Prior to that time the women commuted from home or resided at boarding houses. In 1974 a new dormitory, Bates West, was opened providing a new experi- ence in coeducational living where Tower Honeycomb dorms buzlt ln the late 5 O: and 605 were krzgnedjir male occupancy Abmfe a coed taker tzme out m her room to .viudy both men and women resided in the same building Today students live in modern high rise dorms or remodeled older residences on campus Plans are cur rently being made to restore original buildings on the Horseshoe to pro vide more pleasant living conditions SCIIII U5CII nd Rising Costs By Susan Cate At the opening of the college in 1806 a law was made stating that each student was to furnish his proportion of wood candles furni ture etc in the room assigned him . . . Along with these expendi tures came a 52.00 library fee 54.00 for janitorial service, 52.00 per week for board, and 510.00 at entrance and every six months for tuition. 5175.00 was quoted as the Q proper amount to cover all expend- itures for the entire year. When the college was reorgani- zed in 1835, a committee was formed to study a studentis expen- ses. They reported that a student could live one year on 5260.00 plus money for books and 550.00 for pocket money. Clothing expendi- tures were not to exceed 5100.00 The committee was formed to advise parents of how much to give their sons. The trustees were afraid that too much money in a student's pocket would only get him into trouble. "Young gentlemen," they said are sent to the college for the purpose of study and not for pleasure Excluding textbooks and pocket money a student s expenses were set by law at 518100 in 1848 and at 5240 00 in 1860 By 1866 the estimate had risen to 5316.00. A law student averaged 5280.00 per year while a medical student needed 5370.00 In 1866 the tuition was computed by schools attended. A student had to register in three schools and at 525.00 per school the minimum tuition was 575.00 The catalog of 1883 listed no tui- tion fee and stationery and books were added. However, the college was forced to reinstate the fee and prices of food and services had risen, driving the nine-month estimated costs up from 5140.00 to 5226.00. At the turn of the century an entire year at SCC could cost anywhere from 5100.00 to 5250.00 - depending upon the frugality of the student. 5215.00 was the total estimate for 1915. The estimates are for undergraduate men living on campus. Many students applied for and received free tui tion as well as scholarships cover ing the costs Expenditures remained stable until the Depression struck the South In 1833 state revenues had been cut so much that free tuition and all scholarships had to be abol ished. Tuition was raised from 540.00 to 560.00 per year for resi- dents and from 580.00 to 5200.00 for non-residents. In order to dis- courage women from entering the college, they were charged 520.00 more than men. Costs remained fairly stable until World War Il ended and tui- tion was raised from 560.00 to 580.00 for residents of South Caro- lina and 550.00 was added to that of non-residents. In 1950, 5496 of LlSC's income came from students' fees - a large contrast to the 1072 of 1918. Since then, tuition as well as dorms, books and the cost of simply living has risen at least every other year. 53 Legends What Was Carolina. By Karen Petit It was a land of restless ghosts, lost virgins, and a magic dome at the top of an austere looking morgue. Located in the heart of Gamecock Country in Columbia, S.C., the magical land was called USC, an institution for 20,000 students. Arriving in August on the eve of the nation's bicentennial and the school's 175th birthday, they were probably unaware of the mysterious secrets hidden in the magic dust around campus. reaffirm her innocence. Living a cyclic life of ups and downs, the dome at McKissick also has a place of mystery at Carolina. In the past the dome served as a meeting place for board of trustees meetings until the Osborne Building was com- pleted in 1952. Although the dome was originally designed to house rare books, it was not exclusively used for this purpose. It once even served as office space for professors and University officials, as well as a room for artifacts. When J. lina is old enough for a ghost Maxcy Monument, hub of the University's campus life for years, has seen much and kept secrets that will never be told. Unveiled in 1827, the Monument has become a campus on The stately mute mom- symbol of the which it stands. monument is a ento erected to USC's first president, jonathan Maxcy. Plans for the landmark were begun in the early 1820's by the Clariosophic society but were disrupted for a time in March, 1827, when several senior members withdrew from the college because of a boycott against food served in Steward's Hall. Total cost of the project was 351,200 with 3950 going to architect Robert Mills. The Monument has achieved "legend,' status because of its silent role as the guardian of campus activ- ity for generations. It has been a landmark to students A set of "American Pamphlets," including the excerpt from Major General Henry Leeis funeral oration at George Washington's death was but another find in the dome. Today these treasures have been removed and the dome is used for study carrels for graduate students. But of course no long-standing institution is complete without a ghost story or two - except this USC institution. Efforts to discover and bring to light the few high flown rumors about campus ghosts were unsuccessful. While rumors have circu- lated about a ghost occupying the president's home, Univer- 1 .cp-. sity administrators say that they have never heard such reports and refuse to com- I. 3 , , ,f 5 ment on the such. Historian Ny 'N -,UI f N i , 2-N , V - 1' A , , " and researcher of the Univer- sity, Daniel Hollis was also - , ,W -- A ---. unwilling to comply with f w ,J 'bf ,. ,-'N- , . Vf""".-1' , 5,-.ia -g K requests, denying that ghost ,X ' 1 g d., D N7 tales of the Women's Qua- Jyffb l, N X drangle and McKissick 2 - lj? A ' Library exist aw, . W fi . .' 4-'f Hollis did say that ghosts of several Yankee soldiers 1 4-,-ja .- - ' ' ' ' ' ' . h J fav -' - buried on the Horseshoe sup- : l Sec 'I M N osedl make midni ht wan- Qeali Yr-, A P . Y g rugby! Og, ,N A lg, is derings. He went on to add ,ff ' ,i- 7 I, that those reports were . A J f -I - ' if . - . . . lt' 1 , ff ge- X 'Z t Q, unfounded since "it is hard to E 1 it-. j k li' track down a ghost." Hollis . , f W A cg. , " explained that ghosts were '. .- ' T1Z1'.'.'.'.'Iff',ff.f.'.fQ.. .'2..:1,,- L ' ' . . .- qu. i. lg s " missing on USC's campus -ifi'vii'31Sggir?iW,.,.s3F , because the area is not old 5 -Q 'c f 74" f 'Q I enough for a ghost heritage. ,,.-... , " ' Ne- Of course, whether Caro- through the years and has often been the object of student pranks. Painted a rainbow of colors through the years, the entire Monument was painted a bright pink in 1909. A few students have even attempted to remove the Latin lettering with acid. The Monu- ment has had both artistic and histori- cal value throughout Carolina genera- tions. Legend has it that Maxcy Mon- ument is also a judge of feminine vir- tue. Many a female has watched the ball on the Monument to see if it will make a 180-degree turn and thereby 54 Rion McKissick was USC president he called the dome his hideout, a place where he could get away from office strains. Among the dome's treasures in the 1950's was a collection of old coins from foreign countries and a couple of Confederate claims - a 351,000 bond and a clay impression of the Confederate seal. There was a 142 page book that could be covered by a postage stamp. The smallest book in' McKissick Library, it contained the Gettysburg Address. heritage is debatable. One thing is for sure. The thousands of students to walk through the doors known as USC have created many legends of their own. USC's been referred to as many things in its 175-year past, including a party school, a suitcase college, an elitist institution, even at one time a land of restless virgins. But, just what was Carolina? Only time can tell. Surely, Carolina is old enough for a legend heritage. 2 Q-"fnn11,mv ignpv, THE SOUTH CAROLINA COLLEGE WILL RISE AN ORNAMENT TO THE TOWN, RESPECTABLE FROM ITS ESTABLISHMENT, BUT STILL MORE FROM THE LEARNING AND FRIENDSHIP, WHICH A NATIONAL INSTITUTION, LIKE THIS, CANNOT FAIL TO PROMOTE AMONG THE YOUTH FROM ALL PARTS OF THIS STATE AN OBIECT PARTICULARLY DESIRABLE TO ALL TRUE LOVERS OF THEIR COUNTRY. GOVERNOR IOHN D BC 51 T o QLLI Q- -lUl""O'1l'- 253070-'7 cu coO0m9mmouCO"3- U:-lgjj' fD:13'O3EDJ3 mjmg-3220.3 -O cu-A m O O CDBUJKD O gym C:-:mm 033' 'L"gm5g'Q:a?JgcngQ,C7,-CD :--'- og 0 m-no g'iO"33'E"o9-5269-0 :rm " m-, r:"' igeggiigga-Bias 3 :i cn ,..-l-'- QS5gg-33ZIIQg8Q msssawsaamarm 3 ro 0:3 OUJ J.. Qi62'aei?aa3ma3 U3'45'lP- -1-,'+ '+- -V Q3 Q.---DEQ'-0-D"'C'l--CD mth,-.fp-+0--i mO.Q.Cm-1 Sa3gQP52?EQ.E333e 'mU-.o cn mm 3'- Q-0403-5-n-4-lggfb.. o"'f032mo " - oo O-fn:-.,,, 3-'g3mn:o,mO o.'9,3gC2o.FO""!'+:"'O- - r: mm---4mm wmmrjw- mmgggagg :!3m!:rU mm --' - o W 3 '4 2?-g3ag3ogg35wg95 "gO.52Cfl3S-3'm0QO-BCD S-5'02.':::09'mg9-53:60 mJ'm:i'o"m3o0-409:30 I-nw: -f2:,OUfnm.4 r: C4'cnO - .-..+ -+ nam--"oO--- 03 0:- 3-Ommm om--t13'o ' DDZCU QCD 2.4--m-igbgscnm O7iQiQDJ:D3':'OmfDtD-1 9' '5ll,?.o'l'5':EL:'m5D9 s -. lv e'13S5w3 4- is ti, . K M . A g ii ,' 1 Si Q w SRM., nun ty- . QU: ,Q-U: Q' gfih Q U NIVERSITAS CAAO ME RI D. 1 8 Ol THE SEAL GARNET ANU BLACK The origins of the colors are obscure but garnet and black became associated with the football and baseball teams soon after their establishment in the 189O's. lt was reported by the Charleston News and Courierthat at a football game against Furman in 1892, "the gar- net and black of the College" was worn on the lapels of those cheer- ing the Carolina team. In November 1895 a banner with the colors was presented by the family of Professor J. William Flinn to the foot- ball team. And for several years before 1902, Clemson students paraded after their victories in football with garnet and black cloth wrapped around their shoes. Like the colors, the origins of the Gamecock symbol are unknown, but after 1902 it was definitely associated with the athletic teams. One of the rea- sons for this was a series of incidents surrounding Caroli- na's football victory over Clem- son in 1902. Prior to the game USC students paraded with a transparency ofa gamecock crowing over a beaten tiger. A minor conflict resulted, and Clemson students threatened to steal the transparency it used again. lt was, however, used in a parade after the game, and a Clemson cadet corps marched to campus to take it. Police and faculty were able to prevent any violence between the two groups of students, and the dispute was settled by burning the transparency. Two weeks later at a game with Furman, some Furman students ran down the field with a rooster, tailfeathers plucked and wearing garnet and black ribbons. ln 1903 the State newspaper began calling the team the "Game Cocks," which became "Gamecocks" the next year. THE GAMECOCK "A HEALTH TO CAROLINA" We hail thee, Carolina, and sing thy high praise Vwth loyal devotion, remembering the days When proudly we sought thee, thy children to be: Here 's a health, Carolina, forever to thee! Since pilgrims of learning, we entered thy walls And found dearest comrades in thy classic hall, We've honored and loved thee as sons faithfullyp Here 's a health, Carolina, forever to thee! Generations of sons have rejoiced to proclaim Thy watchword of service, thy beauty and fameg For ages to come shall their rallying cry be: Here 's a health, Carolina, forever to thee! Fair shrine of high honor and truth, thou shalt still Blaze forth as a beacon, thy mission fulfill, And be crowned by all hearts in a new jubilee: Here 's a health, Carolina, forever to thee! The alma mater was written in 1911 by George A. Wauchope, an English professor at USC, and set to the music of Robert Burns' "Flow Gently, Sweet Afton." It was written as a result of the need for this type of school song. A March 1911 issue of The Gamecock reported that a year or two earlier the faculty, "realiz- ing we should have a soulstirring alma mater," offered a prize of SSO, but not much had been done. Several songs, including "A Health to CaroIina," were written after this and other articles asked for an alma mater. All of the songs that were submitted were placed in a Songbook and sung at chapel. Although it was several years before the song written by Dr. Wauchope became known as the Alma Mater of the University, it apparently was the most popular one as soon as it came out. IN A WORD AROLINA I W H V VT Q my IM uf . r N APRILI976 ' ONEDOLLAR w .W K , I w 1 Q y I V J L b., w W5 rw-W Wi'rh an appearance in +he Tangerine Bowl, a second-place finish in +he College Baseball World Series and six posi- season baskelball appearances in 'ihe las+ seven years, +he Universi+y of Sou'l'h Carolina is quickly approaching an excellence on fhe alhleiic field unmalched by many maior universilies. Combined wi+h i'ls ou'rs+anding academic programs, 'rhe Universiiy is becoming one of +he mosl' versalile ins+i+u+ions of higher learning in +he nalion foday. Our +hanks +o lhe Universi+y of Sou+h Carolina for +he oppor'runi+y 'lo prinl +he Garnel and Black in I976. ll' has been a pleasure +0 work on a yearbook also dedica+ed 'io excellence . . . W g X 1 zzz 7 MX. Z, , ff! ' Q Q' L5-7 ,Q Q eww l APRIL 1976 9 ONE DOLLAR Corolino. . E 555 3 ,Fa Qt.-3 .VL :A 44 my A I A l"l- f l' LL LL x tt 5 . lm 3-fgifitt. "v, X 5 ' 1 A-Lf ...,, c.. l L 61 LETTER FROM THE EDITOR 62 JUST A LITTLE MIRACLE ......... By George Morris Recollection ot a football season in which Jim Carlen, protessional miracle worker, conjures up a bowl game out ol what looked like a lost cause. 72 A PAUSE WITHIN THE LEGEND ....... By Billy Baker Without a big man and consistency from key players, Frank McGuire pilots basketball through choppy waters before ending in disappointment. 80 ENTERING THE 21st CENTURY ........ By lRex Gale After decades ot competing in an antiquated pool, swimming enters a new era in its new natatorium. 84 THE HOT COMMODITY ON CAMPUS . . By Billy Baker Intramurals is where everybody's spending their atternoons all ol a sudden. 90 READY TO CHALLENGE ANYONE .... By Fred Merrill Ron Smarr's tennis team got this crazy idea that they might win this year and did. 94 TAKING THE FUNQDSJ ou'r OF Goi.F . .By Billy Baker 96 THE MAKING OF A DYNASTY ........ By Billy Baker Bobby Richardson's 1974 club tought all the way to the College World Series and came home No. 2. This year's team has the potential to take all the mar- bles. 104 ON THE WAY TO MONTREAL? ......... By Billy COX How Bill McClure's trackmen set a record by breaking 21 ol them and still los- ing. Lk 1 12 A TOUCH OF GRACE ............ By Beth Campbell, Ann Ross, and Helen Smith CLUB SPORTS: A LIVELY ENDANGERED SPECIES 1 20 PARACHUTING 1 26 SAILING 1 21 RACQUETBALL 1 27 WRESTLING 1 22 BOWLING 127 BOXING 1 23 FLYING 127 RUGBY 1 23 SOCCER 1 27 LACROSSE G 81 B EDITOR: Robert L. Baker SPORTS EDITOR: Billy Baker ASST. SPORTS EDITOR: George Morris COPY EDITOR: Catherine Watson ART DIRECTOR: Tim Hedgecoth CHIEF PHOTOGRAPHER: Karl Bartholomew WRITERS: Billy Cox, Beth Campbell, Ray Cooper, Rex Gale, Fred Merritt, Alric Mixon, Ann Ross, Helen Smith, Sally Wil- son PHOTOGRAPHERS: Mark Alexander, Kip Culler, Kent Glover, Gene Gaillard, Bernie Molony, Edward Petty, Bruce Sofge, Don Whitney, Buford Wilburn LAYOUT ASSISTANTS: Debby Goldman, Cheryl Woods PRODUCTION: Taylor Publishing Com- pany, Dallas, Texasg Local Representative -Whit Cline SPORTS is published annually for University of South Carolina students by the University of South Carolina Board of Publications and Communications. All rights reserved. No portion of SPORTS may be reproduced in whole or in part without the written consent of the editors. All opinions expressed in SPORTS articles and Guides are the opinions of the writers only and are not to be considered the opin- ions of SPORTS sponsors and editors. 59 3 f V ' NC1HOl'wC1ICOIleQiQTe- Afhilehc Associcfigm Tangerine Bowl 0 3lllNlIllIlII l'slll!!U,fi,,p COLUMBIA I NEWBERRV D ORANGEBURG I SUMTER LETTER FROM THE EDITOR The debate over how much emphasis should be given to college ath- letics will continue for longer than always. However, in more recent times at National Collegiate Athletic Association QNCAAJ business meetings numerous officials have indicated desires of deemphasizing collegiate athletics. Not so at USC. There are men willing to dream at USC. They dream of a time when USC will play Alabama in the Orange Bowl to decide which school will be NCAA football champion. There are men at USC who dream of a time when USC returns to the Atlantic Coast Conference QACCJ where they dominate in the sport of baseball and have a good chance of cap- turing the ACC football title. And with Frank MCC-uire's great recruit- ing year it appears that his teams can once again be near the top of major college polls soon. Over the years USC has managed to recruit some athletes who turned out to be real All-Americans. Jeff Grantz was considered the second best quarterback by the Associated Press in all the land this past year when he broke numerous school records in closing out a bril- liant three year career. Grantz excels in two sports and because of this he may be remembered as the athlete who gave more to USC athletics than any other yet. Pro baseball is his major ambition. In basketball Tom Boswell was a first round draft pick of the famous Boston Celtics on the NBA. And in baseball Earl Bass was considered the best pitcher in college baseball before leaving to play for the St. Louis Cardinals farm club team. Hank Small another outstanding base- ball player set an NCAA record for homers with 4-6. He was signed by the Atlanta Braves. Greg Ward, another Garnecock pitcher, turned pro and is now with a farm club team of the California Angels. Even though these yesterdays of sports at USC bring back memories who will ever forget the 56-20 trouncing of Clemson? The future is always in the minds of coaches. At Carolina, Jim Carlen forgets about a game as soon as it's played. He spends most of his time thinking about today recruiting. The same could be said about most coaches every- where. USC not only has the athletes for success, but they probably have one of the finer groups of coaches in America. Names like Rich- ardson, Carlen, McGuire and Bill McClure are known for what they have given to their sports all around the country. And in swimming Alan Gentry can recruit with the best of them. Imagine this scene. It is the fall of 1976 and USC is playing Notre Dame before 57,000 people in Williams Brice Stadium. The hopes for a miracle in college athletics is very real among the fans in the stands. They will hope that our football team can make history. They will for- get about 1975 and USC's little miracle in the world of college football. And should USC win, everyone in South Carolina will be proud. Every- one likes to beat a Notre Dame. Jim Carlen will receive hundreds of congratulation cards and running backs Clarence Williams and Kevin Long will gain more respect than the governor of the state. We begin to understand the importance of college athletics when we imagine such happenings. Always we dream . . . The thin line between victory and defeat is difficult to comprehend. It is with these kinds of dreams that we began to cover sports in this the sports section of the 1976 Garnet and Black. With a second-place finish in the College Baseball World Series and participation in USC's only third post-season bowl game, we too had high hopes. As you may notice, this section does not follow the modified imita- tional style used the past two years. In an attempt to find more original- ity we have employed basic magazine layout styles with Carolina's ath- letics progress. I appreciate all who played any role at all in its development. Billy G. Baker -af. 6 f "F ua, fu if , fy x .F , .. V W 4-In 3 ,. ,'. ' ,' -. n ' - , ,in ., 1,6 f 1 in , ,, .1 - , 4 J I ." Yi I mx A W ' 1 fi ' T ' V s -3 H 'ik .V .1 .r .4 f Y ' ,fi 4, -Mm 5 ARQLUI L, 1... , .X . ,, 1. H4 UST A LITTLE MIRACLE Or how ,lim Carlen sidestepped a place in the 'fgraveyard of football coachesn to land the Gamecocks in only their third post-season appearance ever. by George Morris Miracles come cheap in the world of college football, it seems. Almost every school in the nation can point to a team which achieved some meas- ure of gridiron glory. That is, almost every school except Carolina. For reasons unexplained - perhaps unexplainable - USC has been unable to achieve respectability in the sport. Players and coaches have come and gone, millions of dollars have been spent to produce a winner, but all Carolina had to show for its efforts was an AstroTurf field sur- rounded by empty seats. lt would take a miracle, people said, to come up with a good football team at USC. But this year a long overdue miracle arrived in'Columbia. It was just a 'little miracle, mind you, but that's all Carolina fans wanted anyway. It came in the person of ,lim Carlen, a coach to whom such miracles were second nature. The builder of football powers at West Virginia and Texas Tech, Carlen came to Carolina to accept the challenge that had beaten so many others before him. A man who accentuates the positive at all times, Carlen also possesses a disarming candor when referring to his team. He promised nothing but spirit and effort from his players, and he warned fans of the team's defi- ciencies. By season's end, however, the team not only fulfilled his modest promises, but also some of the promises the coaches before him had left undone. The task that faced Carlen when he and his staff arrived was monumen- tal to say the least. The performance of the previous team, one from which so much had been expected, was so terrible, it caused a humiliated Paul Dietzel to resign. A team which one magazine predicted to finish 9-2 and go to a major bowl game lost its first five games and ended up 4-7. It was Carlen's job to turn this apparently rag-tag group of athletes into a compe- titive football team - or at least a respectable one. Most observers gave him only two chances to accomplish that - slim and none. But Carlen wasnlt the only source of miracles this year. Almost over- looked as he played baseball last year was I eff Grantz, whose demise as a football player last year after a superb sophomore season caused many to write him off as a capable leader. But such people vastly underestimated the ability and determination of the senior from Bel Air, Md. After finishing his baseball duties Grantz spent the summer strengthening his knee which had given him trouble the 63 breaks across the field . . . Kari Bnnholornsw and scores against Virginia. 64'- Knrl Barihnl Kari Banholofnaw Defensive back Rick Sanford rejoices at Ricky Paine's fumble recovery. previous year. Grantz' mental attitude impressed Carlen as much as did his physical skills. "I talked with Jeff when I came here and he told me he wanted to play foot- ball and it didn't matter where he played," Carlen said. "Nobody would have blamed him if he decided to stick with baseball, but he didn't." ' I So the little miracle began to take shape, forged with brains 'and brawn during long spring and summer 'prac- tice sessions. A new defense 'was brought in ,to supplant the porous one of the previous season. Players' posi- tions were changed, as were uniforms. And on Saturday, September 13, the miracle was unveiled. The opponent was Georgia Tech, a prolific running team that trampled the Gamecocks 35-20 the year before. One sports magazine rated them 14th in the nation in a pre-season poll, and they came to Williams-Brice Stadium confi- dent, unsuspecting of what was about to take place. It didn't take the Yellow Jackets long to find out they were playing a vastly different team than the one they han- dled so easily last year. On Tech's first possession they 'tested the middle of Carolina's defensive line with running plays, but instead of picking up a first down they were stopped cold. There were more shocks to come. Carolina proved ithey could move the football as well as play defense. USC owned a 10-0 halftime lead, were tied 17-17 before winning 23-17 on a 53- yard touchdown pass from Grantz to flanker Randy Chastain. Neither Tech coach Pepper Rodgers nor the 51,428 spectators could quite believe what they had seen. Carolina finally had a football team. More surprising than the win itself ,was the play of Graniz, who displayed 'the skills everyone thought he had lost. His play was even better than that of his sophomore year, when he set several school and one national rushing record. Instead of a spectacular, game-breaking runner, fans saw a poised and polished field general. Grantz didn't beat Tech with daring runs, but with heady leader- ship that accentuated his physical skills. Grantz, execution and his ability to read Tech's defense, added artistry to an offense that had formerly depended on his wild scrambles. His passes wer- en't pretty spiralsg they wobbled, but they hit their targets. He completed 14- of 19 passes for 223 yards and two touchdowns. Then, it looked like Carolina had a good football team. But not all the skep- tics were convinced. Tech always has trouble playing in' Columbia, they said, and the Yellow Jackets were probably overconfident. The next game on the schedule was Duke, USC's periennial nemesis. Here was a team that would prove Carolina's worth. But the miracles didn't end with just one game. Carlen took his Gamecocks BMO!!! Wllburrl Carolina's star defensive player, end Scott Blackman, stops Wake Forest fullback Frank Harsh in his tracks. to Durham to play the Blue Devils and returned with another shocker - a 24- 16 win. This gave skeptics something to think about. fNobody could have accused Duke of overconfidence. In fact, there wasn't any excuse for their loss. They just got beat by Carolina. In the process of that victory a new hero was made. Clarence Williams rushed for 113 yards to lead all runners in the game, and once again, the so- called "rubber band" defense gave up some yardage, but not many points. Suddenly finding themselves with a successful team, 56,994 fans turned out for the shootout with Georgia. Carolina had not beaten the Bulldogs since 1959, and it seemed this would be their best chance since then. But Georgia was not about to let this upstart bunch of Gamecocks tame them. Carolina opened the game in a no-huddle offense which fooled the Bulldog defense for a while, but they couldn't do anything to stop Georgia's offense. The Bulldogs ground out 403 yards by land, which kept Grantz and Co. away from the ball enough for Vince Dooley's team to pull out a 28-20 victory. Said Dooley after the game, "I'm just glad I won't have to see any more of Grantzf, Dooley wasn't just blowing smoke either. Grantz completed 14 of 24 pas- ses, and on the receiving end, Phillip Logan and Stevie Stephens made some incredible catches. But the defense just couldn't stop Georgia, and for the first time in the then young season, it could be said the defense, played poorly. Unfortunately, it wasn't the last time that could be said. So it seemed .lim Carlen had run out of tricks. But people found out that the miracle was not finished yet. Baylor was the first to find that out. The Bears-were defending Southwest Conference champions, a feat that had earned their coach, Grant Teaff, National Coach of the Year honors, and had tied third-ranked Michigan the week before. Fearful of a slaughter, only 44,192 fans came to watch. It was a slaughter, all right, but the Bears, not the Gamecocks, were the victims. It was clearly Carolina's finest hour at that point in any season. The Game- cocks offense confused the Bears with draw plays that consistently picked up big yardage, with fullback Kevin Long gaining 133 yards, and the defense con- fused Baylor at every turn. The Bears began moving the ball late in the game, but it was too late. Carolina won easily, 24-13. Virginia came to town the next week for Homecoming, and the game should be remembered as one of the best offen- sive games played in Williams-Brice Stadium. Carolina won handily 41-14, and even the losers managed to produce some fireworks. , The game began on a high note when USC return specialist Bob Halminski took the opening kickoff 60 yards and later pulled in a 77-yard touchdown pass. But the star of the show was Grantz. Grantz broke off three touch- down runs, the best of which was a 4-8- yard scamper. He finished the game with 277 yards total offense. By this time in the season it was obvi- ous that this was a unique Carolina team. Grantz was on a collision course with former Gamecock quarterback Tommy Suggs' season total offense 65 With a leaping catch, tight end Brian Nemeth sets up the first touchdown against Wake Forest. Georgia quarterback Ray Goff gets sacked from both front and back by Bubba Shugart and Scott Blackmon, two members of Carolina's pass rush. record, and talk about having the first 1,000 yard rusher in the school's his- tory, Kevin Long, was beginning to be heard. Carolina fans had seen a lot of good football from their team, but the most exciting game was to come the follow- ing week in Jackson, Miss. when USC took on Ole Miss. It seemed the game would be a runa- way at first. Carolina got ahead quickly 21-0 and led 21-7 at the half. Even when the Rebels started to catch up, Scott Blackman, a defensive end who returned an interception 35 yards for a touchdown, came up with a big play. But Mississippi fought back and led 29- 28 with 1:31 left in the game. It was here that Carolina could have folded, and in a typical season would have. A victory would have taken one of the most awesome comebacks ever for a Garnecock team. To Grantz, left were thousands of Mississippi fans celebrat- ing what seemed to be a sure victory and facing him were 11 Rebel defend- ers, a cool, steady breeze and 84- yards to the goal line. The task seemed unsur- mountable. But Grantz, his team on the brink of defeat, engineered the scoring drive by completing four straight passes to the Ole Miss 28-yard line. From there Grantz, with a Rebel defender hanging 66 KOYIISIUVBY onto his left. lofted a pass that caught Phillip Logan in stride to two steps inside the end zone. Carolina won 35- 29. But miracles donit last forever, and Carolina was now beginning to run out of them. The next week Carolina was to get its taste of Louisiana State in Baton Rouge on a Saturday night. Playing their worst offensive game of the year, the Gamecocks fumbled and bumbled their way to a 24'-6 defeat. But the following week, things seemed to be going right again. Playing North Carolina State on regional televi- sion, Carolina jumped to a 10-0 half- time lead, only the second time the KAIIEAHHMUIUW Wolfpack was shut out in the first two quarters. Long and Williams were run- ning extremely well, and the defense refused to permit State to score. Once again the miracles ran out on the Gamecocks. Defensive tackle Kerry DePasquale broke his ankle early in the game and linebacker Garry Mott pulled a hamstring in the second quarter. Given these opportunities, State wasted no time taking advantage of them. Sensational freshman Ted Brown ran Carolina defenders crazy, and quarter- back Dave Buckey coolly led his team to a 28-21 come-from-behind victory by scoring with nine seconds left in the game. The final score erased Carolinais comeback just minutes earlier, in which the Gamecocks drove the length of the field and made a two-point conversion. If a heartbreaking loss was bad for the loyal fans, then the worst was yet to come. The next week Carolina played Appalachian State, a team that was once a joke on the USC schedule. This year the joke was on Carolina. The fired-up Mountaineers riddled USC,s defense for 506 yards and pulled off a 39-34 upset victory. All the speculation of Carolina going to a bowl game seemed dashed ,to pieces. But .lim Garlen said all along he wasn't worried about bowl games. All he planned to do was prepare his team for the game ahead. Those were his bowl games. The next week Carolina took on Wake Forest, a team which shocked the football world with a 30-22 upset of N.C. State early in the year. But, Caro- lina, with Kevin Long gaining his 1,000th yard in the process, jumped out to a 31-0 lead and coasted to a 37- 26 win. The victory assured Carolina of a winning season, something nobody pre- dicted, and gave the Gamecocks a 6-4- record. More importantly, several players who had suffered injuries returned for that game, giving Carolina a healthy squad going into the Clemson game. Clemson. lf any team in America knew of the humiliation Carolina suf- fered in 19744, Clemson knew of it this year. Predicted by some to win the Atlantic Coast Conference title, the Tigers were suffering through a terrible season. November 22, 1 975. It was a great day for Gamecocks The Tigers were 2-8 coming into the game, and their demise in what was supposed to have been a great year is one of those mystifying things that always seems to happen in college foot- ball. What happened to Clemson was the same thing that had happened to Caro- As Georgia Tech quarterback Danny Myers watches in disgust, Carolina defenders fence in a Yellow Jacket run ning back. lina the year before - a team with tal- ent but little depth was hurt by injuries and the complacency that comes from reading one's own press clippings. But Clemson, despite their record, appeared to be a better football team in the latter half of the season. Two weeks before, the Tigers had beaten North Carolina in Chapel Hill. Admittedly, North Carolina was also suffering through a poor season, but even Notre Dame had a hard time win- ning on the Tar Heels' home field. What's more, Clemson turned in a good .performance in nearly upsetting Atlan- tic Coast Conference champion Mary- land a week later. So, as the game neared, sportswriters began calling upon all their stock cliches to describe the contest. Forget about the records, they said, and look Kat! Bddholdmaw for a close game - maybe even an upset. And the people believed it, too. What transpired in that game, how- ever, was the most awesome display by a Gamecock team in years, perhaps ever. Carolina could have beaten a lot of teams that day, but that was of little consequence. On this day Clemson was the victim, 56-20, and USC fans wouldn't have it any other way. The play of Carolina's offense, which scored eight of the nine times it had the ball fthe other touchdown was called back for offensive' pass interferencel, was almost flawless. Mike McCabe, E. Z. Smith, Brad Kline, Brian Nemeth, Steve Courson and Jerome Provence pushed Clemson linemen around throughout the game. Even the defense, the weakest aspect of the team, gave little ground to the MH Sprinting past two Wake Forest players, Henry Laws makes the most of an interception. 67 K1pCuIlel In the pocket. ,leff Granlz chooses thc pass option, searches for an open receiver and fires away. Carolina's linr-men stood firm throughout thc afternoon against the sea of Orange. KiDCullBf Plan-ekicker Bobby Marino adds another to his record number of field goals per season in the second quarter, H0 broke thc record the week before and established a new one for points after in the Clemson game. Having slipped through a couple in a series of gaps in Clemson's defense, Garry Mott and Scott Blackman 1 rw- , , .WJ i v 1- n- .. .1 A . . .- 68 Tigers until the game was well in hand. That, of course, was pretty early in the game. But the star of the show was Grantz. He threw five touchdown passes fthe sixth, you remember, was called backj and rushed for 122 yards and another score. His ability to read the Clemson defense and his execution of the Veer offense was so masterful it was as though the formation was designed with him in mind. Grantz' backfield mates, Williams and Long, were also superb. Williams rushed for his 1,000 yard of the season in a 160-yard performance. Long added 77 yards to his year's total, raising the figure to 1,114-. The only regrettable aspect of the game from a Carolina standpoint was USC's last score, a touchdown coming long after the outcome had been decided. Clemson coach Red Parker called it an insult. Carlen said it was not meant to be, that a field goal attempt would have been even more insulting. Whatever the merits or demerits of that final score, the game was such a resounding victory that Carolina fans will remember it for a long time. And, try as they may, Clemson fans will have trouble forgetting it, too. The following Monday, while USC players and fans were still a little giddy about "Big Saturday," another honor was given the Gamecocks. Tangerine Bowl officials offered Carolina a berth in their bowl game, an invitation USC quickly accepted. The game was played on a cold, over- cast day in Orlando, Fla., against Miami of Ohio, a team looking for its third straight Tangerine Bowl victory fthe previous two coming against Florida and Georgiaj. And Miami won it, too, 20-7. The game was an unfitting anti-cli- max to an unbelievable Carolina sea- son. That the Gamecockis season should be ended in defeat, playing before the smallest crowd to see them all year, seemed totally out of place. But as Carlen said afterwards, the honor of being there was worth more than the loss. After all, he said, who expected Carolina to do that well last August? -r . . - " The answer, of course, is nobody expected Carolina to do that well. Car- len took an apparently rag-tag bunch of football players, instilled in them the pride and coaching necessary to do the job, and surprised everyone in the proc- ess. And many of these players return to play next year, although the most notable absentee will be J eff Grantz. With Grantz' departure Carolina football will lose a certain flavor that it has enjoyed for three years, win or lose. Grantz' athletic talent, his poise and command on the field carried with it a certain excitement all its own. Rare is the athlete who has the ability to set the destiny of a football game whenever he touches the ball, but Grantz is one of those rare ones. Georgiais Vince Dooley summed up opponents' feelings by say- ing, "Pm just glad I'll see no more of Grantzf, Among the returnees are plenty of good players. Long, Williams, Courson, Blackman, and others. And, of course, ,limi'Carlen. In these persons Carolina may expand its football glory. But even if they donit, it will be a long time before people forget the mira- cle they produced this year, even if it was just a little one. Jim Carlen represented a new era of athletics at USC. Frank McGuire freely admitted that Carlen's success helped take some of the pressure off of the bas- ketball program for success. Many football players indicated a sharp difference between Dielzel and Carlen. Under Dietzel the players said they felt relegated from most everything except football. "There is more to life than footballf, Carlen tells his athletes. Winning football games is a habit of .lim Carlen. His reputation for making the best out of impossible situations fol- lowed him to USC. He has some favorite quotes he usu- ally shares with people at speaking engagements. He once said, "Go home now and write down what in your mind is a consistent winner. Then, three or four years from now. when we are doing better. then that, take it out and look at it." He says that folks in South Carolina need not worry over firing him. "You've got to worry, if I win, whether I'm going to stay or notf' -Y c Bemln Molony V Bufnvd Wllbum Kneeling but not grounded, fullback Kevin Long tries to elude the Clemson defense in a short-yardage play 69 FJ-2!..,+-g,h -JL. Q. ,X Aj'-v snmumumy r . ' " 1 fflf As' , A 1 u A - - A I . . .4 --wx S' -wi W 'Q 1 f "lf-1 6'2" an, nd then, the tangerines went sour... if Jmnpn Mllilrd Kid Bnrtholulnlvl Km! Bllmolilnhvl E 3 MHL,,,,,-.,.gv 5A arf!!-4+--F-iiE'5" , 1 1... - "A A A AGN 'VP KIHBIIMIOCOIDUW Tom Amrein 1355, at top, escapes from a Miami defender, while above Carolina's rub- ber band defense hauls a Miami offensive player down. O 9 X .A O ' fair .-,v " Awww A L " if '- - : 0 n ef J 431' A,-5:-'Agfa' ' 0 f. 0 -Y' " ' 0 " E- ' an ' f "1 .,... mf 'V 2 ff ' . 'H ' "' . ' 33 ' V 0 , ,1,. .,.. . .. Tfi 0 . 0'o , ' - "KN ' Y . x V xy ,S L gZ'.i,.,, X X 1" "1 , x P. N ,Le f ,X A gf A 'PW 1 M' rg f "A ,D '- Ilan IH, 'K-yy! N U N gl .- I gl '- Swn., r K S L, 1 Ap 2, A2 ' ff Q 1' 4 A A' 11' f X' H if , 1 . S' -U iird A11 " A 1 f 'S .Q wx A X 1 A, AM M , A - 'il Q, , I 2 ' I ' , A M A-. if V 5 A -2 - - Q4 ' 1 was , ff " VV "Y 1 ' . if JJ , A "Yr, A V Zag JN 3 qgzyl- Ai SL 1 K 1' A .f A-A -A -A 5 g -4- ' A 1 ' ' 'A ffigi, Aj A 4, 1 - - 'L M f A- - ' A 'V - V511 ',,'fk,""""'i1 -ag W' WM 1- V Qf 1 if 1 M FA .A AA A fad A A Q ya, ...a-""' SPORTS Compared to the McGuire success ofthe past decade, it was quite a different year for Carolina Basketball. By Billy Baker t at can you say about the 13th child of a New York City It is difficult to say how much more talented or better ceman? That he grew up hard and fast in the streets where coached the 1970 team of Roach, Owens, Riker, Ribock, and arned to compete with the best of them. That he has Cremins was over this yearis starting line-up of English, Dunleavy, Davis, Gilloon, and Mathias. One thing for sure was the 1975-76 schedule was not as competi- tive as the Atlantic Coast Conference schedule of 1970. That year Basketball Weekly ranked k-Iggeph McGuire, USC's schedule in the top ten in difficulty. By 1975 the nationally known publica- tion rated the Gamecocks schedule hed some of the greatest: Chamberlain, Cunning- , and McMahon. That he has coached some of greatest teams in collegiate basketball history l, things were different in 1975-76 for A ge, a small but revealing word, was inning to blur his visions of an AA championship at Carolina. uire, at least 60, refuses comment . is exact age. 6 he fans once came to games twelve usand strong, but in 1975-76 crowds raged between a meer eight and nine usand. This was a real indication of an's program losing the esteem it e had. ! ans could be heard on occasion say- , 'Wlfhy is he coaching like it's 1957 5 in." We all know the story of -Guire's 1957 32-0 NCAA champion I orth Carolina when he literally filed a patent on the 2-1-2 zone defense. . often reminds us of that great team eneration ago perhaps to let us know t his love for history is only ceded by his love for the future and ew recruit Jim Graziano. He often s lost in how it was, or how it might However, Frank McGuire preached the 1975-76 season with as uch caution as any other. Only a year fore he had made the mistake of pro- oting a "Top Five in '75'7 bumper cker program. He learned from that istake. g "We are not picked in any polls," cGuire quipped at his annual pre-sea- n press luncheon. "lt is a challenge the ball club. lt is going to be inter- sting to see what happens." "Basketball is not a game of niches," McGuire also said. "Basket- ill is a game of players. They are the ssencef' rw. rf 82nd. What has happened? Is basketball like a card game of spades? You hope for a good deal in order to win? Where does coaching and sacrifice fit in? ln just five short years, something has happened to the basket- ball player in general. He has been more than capable, but something appears to be missing. Is it coaching? Maybe the move from the strict rules of the Roost to the lenient "fly by night" confines of the Bates House has affected the play of the team these past two years. No one really knows. Actually, Alex English was a fine basketball player in 1975-76. He led USC in both scoring and rebounding and became the schoolfs leading all- time point producer with more than 2000 points in his four year career. He started every USC basketball game dur- ing his career. He appeared to be another prospect that McGuire would send into the pro game. English and his old friend Mike Dun- leavy had teamed well during their years at USC. Expected to provide the team leadership Dunleavy often gave away to sophomore Jackie Gilloon, who has a promising future ahead of him. Dunleavy was one of McGuire's most dedicated athletes ever. What he lacked in natural ability he made up in desire. Five Mike Dunleavy's V could have helped USC go a long way in 1975-76. A regular season record of 18-9 would please most basketball schools. lt was three more wins than McGuire said '73 V Qs A X . If Q H .4 . a , '- ff' 1 'X '15 , I 1 Q w 5' tg Q K6 ,wi 4: if WF, A-. ' ,NK With hu flllg mp Alu Englxshpa 1 U xv.. .fis Q' Forward Goalie Augustus and guard Billy Truitt break for rebound, but teammate Mike Dunleavy is already there for the rebound. determination had beat out a more tal- ented Jackie Cilloon for a starting job at the beginning of the season. Davis had hit a winning shot with four seconds remaining in the game and Hofstra coach Roger Gaeckler tried to call time. "As for the clock . . . well, I thought I saw our man step out of bounds and ask for time, but the official said he looked for it and never saw it. There was a lot of confusion out there. I'm disappointed but not unhappyf' 'Hofstra has always been tough," McGuire said following the game. "Everyone was wondering who Hofstra was before the season and I guess they found out tonight. We were lucky to win. The players were a little tightf, After the Hofstra game USC lost the services of center Bob Mathias and guard Jackie Gilloon. Gilloon was so thrilled at defeating Hofstra that he decided to celebrate the win until 3 a.m. the morning after. He was involved in an automobile accident in the Bates House parking lot and temporarily sus- pended from the team. Mathias had a calf injury and was admitted to the Uni- versity infirmary. It meant a rare chance for USC's tallest player, 6-10 Chuck Sherwood, to prove what he could do as a starter. USC had little trouble preparing for Toledo, since the Rockets were a team that had embarrassed the Gamecocks in Toledo during the previous season, 68- 64-. It was a loss that permanently dam- aged USC's hopes of an NCAA post-sea- son berth. The story was different this year. It was called revenge. USC built up a 34-26 halftime lead and then used a man-to-man defense most of the second half to coast to an 84-64 win. English led all scorers with 23 points and was just as impressive on the boards with 15 rebounds. Mike Dun- leavy and Nate Davis had 18 and 16 points respectively. Truitt scored 16 also. After the game McGuire praised the defensive strategy of his team. "The zone is a gamble, but it disrupts things," he said. "If the zone doesn't work then we switch to a man-to-manf' Sherwood played 20 minutes, went none for three shots, and grabbed three rebounds. If he had been more talented, although determined, USC's big man problems would have been solved. Playing Oklahoma after Toledo was very ironic because both teams had defeated USC the year before at' their home gymnasiums. Again, the Game- cocks had little trouble getting ready to play the Sooners before the hometown crowd of 11,389. USC's third opponent of the season must have been surprised to face a tena- cious man-to-man defense after prepar- ing to see a traditional '2-1-2 zone. Gamecock defenders caused 14- Sooner turnovers on their way to a convincing 81-69 win. Alex English was beginning to show flashes of brilliance. Pro scouts were beginning to take notice and McGuire's ability to coach athletes on to the pros was being noted again this year. There were not enough of Englishes on the team. In this game the slim 6-8 forward scored 32 points and grabbed 13 rebounds. Against the Sooners the scoring attack was aided by Nate Davis and Billy Truitt who had 12 points each. Davis excited the crowd for another time with 12 rebounds, going over the rim many times to recover a stray shot. "Alex English played some basket- ball game tonight," McGuire said. "He was great offensively, and he over- !'r'1r l Bernie Molony With airtight blocking from Alex English and Mark Greincr, Nate Davis arcs the ball above the Yale team and dunks it neatly. played his man defensively in the man- to-man and did a great job." "I would call this great team effort with Alex playing great basketball," McGuire said. So, USC was off to a 3-0 start against teams that ended with weak records. At this time USC was preparing for a real test on the road against Michigan and the NCAA rule allowing only 10 play- ers to travel upset McGuire greatly. Later in the season, at an NCAA con- vention, the rule would be dropped. "I still don't know which 10 players will go to Michigan," McGuire said. "I can get up to eight if Mathias can playg the top five plus Greiner, Sherwood, and Augustus. After that, l'll have to give it a lot of thought. Whatever l do and whomever I leave home, I'll be wrong." USC,s three opening wins did not get SUHH1 3 E flmuui' BBIIIKUMDIOIIY Sophomore standout Jackie Gilloon looks over the setup for an open man. them ranked in the top 20. lt was going to be the first season in eight years that USC did not break in the top 20 at least once during the season. Michigan did not do any favors for the Gamecocks in Ann Arbor. At Michigan, USC experienced for the first time a game officiated by three people. They were without the services of Jackie Gilloon, who was still on sus- Over Toledo's blocks, Billy Truitt takes aim from mid- court. Bemlohdolony I .. .sl -A-t ., -my ,T .,6..i,1ga: " ' .11 W ...M,-, . As Alex English's free throw falls shy of the net, the anticipating players leap into the key for the rebounds. pension. lt was the first road game of the season. There were too many obsta- cles to overcome. The Wolverines won 92-81, but USC kept it close most of the game and might have won except for some key members of the team getting into foul trouble. USC lost Davis and Dunleavy on fouls during the late stages of the game. It was perhaps the best game of the season for Eddie DiRugeris, a fresh- man who had 14 points and several steals. But, it was Alex English who per- formed well again. This time he scored 30 points and led the team in rebound- ing with 9. Next it was the Carolina Classic and the fans once again hoped for a match- up with an ACC opponent, -'Virginia. It didn't happen as the Cavaliers were defeated by Oklahoma State in the tour- nament's first round while the Game-- cocks defeated Yale, 100-66. The results put the two former ACC rivals in different tournament brackets. Against Yale English tallied 37 points and McGuire called him one of Three faces of Flick: Alex English tries a layup from the right,-an over-the-head, behind-the-back hook, and a the quickest athletes he had ever coached. Davis led the team in rebounding with 11. In the championship round of the Carolina Classic Oklahoma State's Cow- boys played well, but USC played bet- ter. Although USC won their second consecutive Classic 70-61, they were out rebounded, out shot, and scored only one more field goal than the Cow- boys. The story of the game was in the foul department. Oklahoma State was forced to foul in the end and USC made the free throws. For his efforts, 59 points in two games, English was picked "MVP.,' He was joined on the All-Classic team by Mike Dunleavy who led all scorers against Oklahoma State with 24- points. Now USC was 5-1 and headed to the prestigious Holiday Festival for a chance to gain National recognition. Things didnit exactly turn out that way. Against Villanova, USC played extremely well and won 95-86. English had 32 points and 14- rebounds to lead the Gamecocks. McGuire priased it as one of the best games of the year. Well in New York, there is a lot to think about and the Gamecocks must have had more on their minds than bas- ketball for the remainder of the tourna- ment. Against St. Johns they lost 71-59 when English had one of his worst offensive games ever, failing to break PhotulbyKlrtBlnholornow straight shot in the leadoff game of the Classic. 77 double figures. Davis led the team with 18 points. English and Mathias shared rebounding honors with 10 each. In a consolation game Manhattan breezed by lacadaisical USC, 87-73, despite a 24-point effort by Dunleavy. English had 14' rebounds during the game. USC had lost their third game of the season before 19,694- people. It is hard to understand what hap- pened to USC when they went to the Holiday Festival. After defeating Villa- nova, they were to lose five of their next six games. After the festival it was on to Milwaukee and Marquette. Few expected a victory over the War- riors in the famous Milwaukee arena where few teams have won or even played close to Marquette. It was a game that English didn't play well in. There are those who feel he never played well against Marquette during his four year tenure. Well, All-Ameri- cas are entitled to play poorly some- times. The 82-70 loss left the team with a 6- 4- record. For the game USC was led by Nate Davis' 22 points. USC got little off the boards as English led the efforts with only eight recoveries. Perhaps one of the most dishearten- ing losses came at Nebraska on the KIpCuI1or Senior Mike Dunleavy carefully follows through on free throws against Oklahoma. 78 V55 v 5314 mmm 9 KBrlBm1.hDlDm6W Junior center Chuck Sherwood and a Yale defender chase the ball in an effort to keep it from going out of bounds. road. Yes, Nebraska does have a basket- ball team. They squeaked by USC 69- 68 in a game that had to make people wonder if there were some personality problems among team members. None could ever be found for sure. It was a game in which the guards failed to get the ball in to English, enough. There are those who will always say if you lose your best player you will probably have a bad night. Well, English scored 20, but he had the potential and ability to average 30-a game. He never got the ball enough in the opinions of many in most of the games the remainder of the season. The road trip nearly proved fatal. USC returned to the coliseum after almost a month's leave to face the Cita- del. lt was time for a good game. USC let out their frustrations over an outmanned Cadet team and won easily 90-74. Dunleavy scored 25 points and Davis had 15 rebounds. Were the Gamecocks ready to turn things around? Apparently not. At South Florida USC played poorly. The guards could not get the ball inside enough and Jackie Gilloon played as if he was trying to break the Guinness Book of World Records for turnovers. He almost did. USC was poor on the boards while Mathias and Davis shared the rebounding honors with seven each. About the only exciting thing in the game was watching Davis rip the nets for 26 points. He had the ability to be a great scorer, although he was not believed to be fundamentally sound enough. USC would go on to win eight games in a row and fans would begin to feel the possibilities of a 20-win season. Two wins came over Davidson, 84-70, behind English's 31 points, and Kent State, 75-61, behind English's 20 points. After the Kent State win, McGuire said, "That little fellow QCorteze Brown - leading scorer for Kent Statej was too good for us to play one-on-one. I think I saw him in New Nork with the Globetrotters a few years agof, Kent State coach Rex Hughes was upset at his team's play. "Our zone bothered South Carolina and took away English's one-on-one moves, but they got Dunleavy loosef' "We didnlt get them covered outside," he' said. "I have two basket- ball players that seem to carry us every night. I'm very disturbed that the other members of the team are not carrying their load." Well, USC next challenged Furman in Greenville on regional television and it was another "prime timen show for English who did everything right in scoring 31 points and collecting 10 rebounds. lt was a close game most of the way until Gilloon took some of the pressure off of English with several key scoring plays of his own. USC was winning because the guards were communicat- ing better, and setting up English bet- ter. There was hope for recovery. Against Villanova, USC played one of the greatest games it can ever hope to play. As a team they shot over 63 per cent and committed few turnovers and completely dominated the boards. It was as if everything fell into place for a change. Davis led the scoring with 33 points and he and Mathias each shared rebounding honors with eight apiece. Temple came to the coliseum with Mark Alexandsl' one goal in mind. To win by playing a deliberate, slow-paced game. It didnit work as USC prevailed 65-58. "This was a game we could have lost," McGuire said. "Temple played so well. Maybe we were flat, but I prefer to give the credit to Temple. Our zone defense saved us in the endf, Temple head coach Don Casey was optimistic. "This game demonstrated the character of our players," he said. "lt's hard to come into this arena, but we came and didn't give up at all. "I haven't seen a team in the country that runs a secondary break any better than South Carolina," he said. "We felt if we could stop the secondary break we could win. Well, we did for a little while." USC next travelled to play Fordham in Madison Square Garden where Alex English has played some of his best games. It was his efforts that helped defeat the Rams, 75-65. He scored 24 points and led the team in rebounding with 14-. At Pittsburgh, USC made crucial free throws at the end of the game to halt a determined Panther rally and seal a 79-72 win. Davis put in his refer- ence for future recognition this night with 23 points. It was a happy plane ride back to Columbia. They had won eight games in a row and it was beginning to look easy. A record of 15-6 looked much better than the 7-6 figure of a month prior. Hope was as close as it would get. An overconfident USC team lost two in a row - at home, no less. Furman, a team well-coached by Joe Williams, came to town and caught the Gamecocks reading their newspaper clippings. Although USC played with a lot of fortitude the Paladins just played one of those rare games. They pre- vailed, 83-77. "We didn't play well enough to actu- ally win," McGuire said. "When you miss that many free throws, it's hard to win. We've got to get used to playing on our home court again after so many road games." ' Williams countered, "In the first half South Carolina really didn't seem ready to play and we were. But, as the game went on, they really came after us." It was a bad game for USC. They made only seven of 17 free throws and shot 4-3.2 per cent from the field. Fur- man shot 52.9 per cent from the field and shot a phenomenal 27 of 32 free Nate Davis finds out it's too late to block Citadel player Chris Davis' shot. throws. English led the team with 33 points while Ray Miller of Furman had 21. USC next travelled to Ga. Tech where they defeated the Yellow Jackets 63-55 in a deliberately played game. Next USC dominated Ga. Southern, 110-84 as Jackie Gilloon set a school assist record with 17. A chance for a bid to the NIT was still possible when Marquette came to the Coliseum but with a 72-66 lost the Gamecocks were passed up by teams like UNC-Charlotte that just happened to challenge for the championship. "I thought we played a good ball game and zones are what we like to play against." said Al McGuire of Mar- quette. Frank McGuire's team is not expected to challenge for post season play next season, but if his teams can not make it into the NCAA finals before his expected retirement in 1980 many people in the basketball world will remember him as a great recruiter who failed to coach the modern day players to greatness. The challenge is to recruit and coach the best athletes at the same time. Frank knows it too. Only time will tell if Frank Joseph McGuire can return USC to the great- ness it once had in the world of college basketball. Time is running out. if:-It l ....."'f- V ...lil Kill Biflhillflmew Ray Klitzkv alley-oops and sways during three meter diving com- petition. By Rex Gale Last year was the end of an era for the Carolina swim team. Never again would they compete in that cozy pool on the corner of Sumter and Devine Streets. The old pool, which seemed small at times, caused practice sessions to be held at all hours of the day. And practice they did, and before moving to the ultra-modern natatorium this year, they left a sentimental gift to their old home. They became the National Independent Champions QNICJ. The training that led to USC's vic- tory took place in that old, run-down pool. Even though this year they have better facilities to train in, Head Coach Alan Gentry doesn't think the pool will provide the magic ingredient for vic- tory. "A facility doesn't make your team betterf' Gentry said. "Certain aspects of the pool will be of help to the team." Gentry said the size of the pool will help with team spirit. "We're able to 80 Entering the Ql st Century After years of competing in an antiquated pool this year's team broke numerous school. records in the new natatorium located inside the Sol Blatt Physical Education Center. practice together, both the menis and women's teams, and the divers have a situation that wasn't possible in the old pool," he said. Times will also probably be faster this year because there are overflow gutters along the sides of the pool that catch waves swimmers make and keep them from washing back into the pool. As a result, the pool is not as rough, causing faster times to be recorded. Another feature of the natatorium is its sophisticated electronic timing sys- tem. The system is sensitive to touch, and begins clocking the swimmers the moment they leave the starting block. Each time the swimmer turns at the end of the pool the progressive time is flashed up on the scoreboard as well as the order of finish when the race is completed. Each lane is timed up to the thousandth of a second, and it is extremely accurate. All of these features will be an aid to the swimmers, but practice will be the determining factor in their quest for a second straight NIC title. The Game- cocks lost only two swimmers from last year's squad, and their progress thus r - irv-IL 1 1 1 "We're ahead of last year. Our times are faster earlier," Gentry said. Returning for Carolina are most of the swimmers and divers who were responsible for last ycar's NIC title. Greg Midwinter, a sophomore, took one of two first places for USC with a 1:55.68 clocking in the 200-yard back- stroke and Tom Jacobson set a meet record with a 1:55.71 time in the 200- yard individual and was four in the 4100-yard individual medley. Other outstanding performances were turned in by Steve Breiter, who finished second in the 500-yard frees- tyle and sixth in the 200-yard freestyle, Clark Hamilton with a sixth-place finish in 400 intermediate medley, and Tom Schmidt with a third place in the 1650- yard freestyle. Carolina's divers performed well also. Ray Klitzke took fourth spot in both the one- and three-meter diving events, while Jim Tingen and Clark Hare finished sixth and eleventh, respectively in the one-meter event. With so many returning athletes, Carolina has a good shot at the title again. Other swimmers who have shown .' . ' .I . 1 Kal! Baltholtlmew Mike Sullivan slices through the 200 yard backstroke against Miami and Tulane. Ka lBa11hol Like Tarlan fhvc r Clark Hare turns artfully through the zur tn one meter competmon been Barney GCISC Davld Gxlbble Clark Hamllton Don F1seher and Fred Ehmke Carohna s compet1t1on thls year has been extremely compeuttve wlth meets against Mlaml Auburn and Tennessee three ofthe top teams ln the country Another major factor ln Carolmas chances for the NIC tltlc IS that the champlonshlps w1ll be held IH the USC natatorlum The fZl.C1l1lI16S are excellent, wlth adequate spectator seatlng The pool ltself has underwater obser vatlon wlndows that enable coaches and others to watch the swlmmels from all angles both above and below the water Wl'1lCl1 IS of great help 1n tramlng The USC Natatorlum was long over due Promtsed to the Carohna swtm team more than f1VC years ago 1ts corn pletlon last summer was welcome USC has one of the flnest facthtles 1n the country and a good hlstory to brlng 1nto The NIC -1 tn March were Cl0ITllI1f1lK fl hx Flor tcla State but sutral deter nuned LSC athletes sxxam hard to give thc Garnetom lt a thnd place f1I'l1Sll Cleff 'VI1du1nter made the flllftl turn Ill ther 700xd bacltstlolxe and beffan K.a!B8 Tom Jacobson whips through the water ln the 200 yard hrs aststrolte LOYl1fIfl.ll.l0l'l the last 213 xald H1 chulncd through the uattt just ahead of Bob Kloos from Cllltlltllitttl the smmmer who had e tahh hc d a neu pool and meet record that aftunoon IU the tlme trlals lVl1d mntu sttalned lQOXtr1Id the ftntsh tn LSC-s natatortum touchlng ahead of Kloos lo ISIEIIII the bacltstroke vlctorv he had xx on last N631 He had repeated a Natlonal lndependcntchamp1on but ht Clftlilldlllg champion Gamecocks uercn t a successful Catohna xxlnner last year at Tulane Lnlx ersltx Ill New Orleans La entered the meet as host and mth much the ante team that captured the tltle last xeal Tsso reasons that made Camccoclt meet The frlendlv conftnes of the USC 'Xatatouum houexcx proved more hospxtable to two teams from the Sun shlne State Florlda State QFSUJ completely dom mated tht Cl13IT1p1OI1bl11pS outscorlng lt close tcompetttol Mlaml 375 298 Carollna f1flISl1Gd thlrd only nlne POIHIQ bchmd MIHIHI wtth 289 potnts The Gamecocks swam through the ftrst tsso dats of the three day meet 1nto sec ond place but Mlaml ow et took them after strong performances IH the dlvtng excnts Florida State tools the lead after the 81 l, I OYDUW ' , ' -' , , ' , ' ' ' 2 . ' ' . , . . . I . . . S .S ? , . g, I . . , . Q . 3 - J, . r r - W . ., Q . I v A-J . ,I , ' A ' it. ' ' '- ' ' ' ' 3 L' 1. ' . I vs ' - 3' 5 1 T., ' . 4 I , ' 7 ' . ' ' ' . -- -' , W - - 3 - 1 - K '. -, 'S .x A ' ' r ' , ' . ' ' ' :I ' ' ' ' ' ' - ' -s 3 . e . ' 1 , U .t - -t -S . ' .I f ' ' A . . ' Q -' N- if , , g L. U. 'V .J H 'wx . ' . ' ' ,, A ' ' t' ' .1 . -- - r' L t .. 1 - - cv S- 5 -A . Q . ' . l . ' g, supporters optimistic about this year's Z y HRW -. ,. . n A . N . 1 I . ' ' ld A. ' .. h --Il . H A . ' . . F-' cm ., Q X .:' 4-35,5 vi .5 t s , , - . ' ' I I , 'rl lf-' . . . . . A ,f V .1 V -N I : V 1 . ,4 , '- , ' 1 I ,!,, ., V: ' W . X . . . . . :fr I . "U . t . I I ' I IITIOIDIYIQW al, Co-captain James Tinsen bounds off the diving board in three meter effort against Miami and Tulane. first day of competition and never relin- quished it. Meet and pool records fell in each of the swimming events as ,forge Delgado tSo. lllinoisl in the 500-yd. freestyle. David Wilke fMiamij in the 200 yd. individual medley, Mike Grat- tan tFlorida Statej in the 50-yd. medley relay team from Texas-Arlington all erased previous marks. On the second day of competition Carolina overtook Miami to climb into second place. but a strong performance hy Florida State kept them in the lead. FSU's Larry Brown and Steve Rosen- baum finished one-two in the 100 but- terfly while their teammates won the 800 freestyle relay to extend their lead. Midwinter finished second to So. Illi- nois Greg Porter in the 4400-yd. indi- vidual medley and placed third in the 100-yd. hackstroke for the Gamecocks. Teammates Tom Jacobsen in the 4-00- yd. individual medley and Brad Hitch- ings in the 100 backstroke took fourth spots for Carolina. FSU completely ran away with the championships on the final day of com- petition. Mike Grarran won his second ex cut for FSU as he swam to victory in the 100-yd. freestyle and the Seminoles won their second relay, the 400 free- style. Midwinteris victory in the 200-yd. haekstroke was the only victory of the championships for the Gamecocks, who fell to third after a strong Miami in the three-meter showing by diving and hreaststroke events. Other Gamecocks performed well. however. Steve Breiter 82 finished second in the 500 freestyle while teammate Tom Schmidt finished fifth in that same event. Carolinas div- ers performed equally well as Ray Klitzke and .lim Tingen finished three- four in the one-meter diving. while they reversed positions after the three-meter event. with Tingen finishing fourth and Klitzke fifth. The Carolina 4-00 free- style relay team of Barney Giese, Billy Ehrhorn. Fred Ehmke and Midwinter finished second to FSU. Almost everybody at the meet was surprised with the strong performance of FSU. "l think they were stronger than even they thought they were." Car- olina head coach Alan Gentry said. FSL' coach Terry Carlisle was quick mlmmm to agree. "Wie swam extremely well, better than I've seen all season," he said. , ,, ,,,, H I ...ti ti -. ntl iy.::..,m., l. lm hr'-'F r ' ig . '-E531 V2 "" -till-ij-.'.' .xefii ' 'I . l . . KAIIBBHNOIGYUVI Tom Schmidt. eyes closed, concentrates on the finish line. - - . t. V lv 5,4 ., -- - it ' -.r-2 7 . --.- -GYM- V... fl . . 3'-it KRliB8Hh0lDfl1EW Piercing the water gracefully All America Tom Schmidt swims a record 4439.162 in the 500 yard freestyle against Miami and Tulane. "This is just a terrific facility. and that as well as the depth of our squad helped us out." Carolina ended its season hosting one of the top championships in the country. Time comparisons rate this meet as one of the fastest. faster than the Big 10. and comparable to the South Eastern Conference SEC champi- onships. Teams from all over came to admire the natatorium. Athletes came and performed extremely well. as records fell each day of competition. A meet like this is so important for all participants they completely shave their bodies to streamline themselves, even shave their heads. to insure the fastest times that they are capable of. Teammates lined the sides of the pool yelling encouragement. singing songs for each of their teammates, waving towels and shirts as they urged them on. All the excitement is over now for each team. Those who qualified for the National Collegiate Athletic Association QNCAAJ traveled to Brown University in Providence. Rhode Island with hopes of obtaining a national title. Others rested after a strenuous season, while others will continue to work, preparing for another shot next year. At the NCAA championships the Gamecocks didn't place among the top 12 in any events and finished way down . .. -1 . . A Greg Midwinter was the teamis best performer, finishing 16th in his spe- cialty, the 200-yd. backstroke. A tired, but confident Gentry returned to USC from Providence, opti- mistic. He said even though he had a limited recruiting budget he was "hit- ting the roadw in pursuit of talent to replace this year's graduates. At Providence two of USC's relay teams were comprised of sophomores and Gentry considered this year's team diving. Barney Giese in the 200-yard butterfly. Steve Brieter in the 100-yard freestyle, Davis Gribble in the 200-yard breuststroke and Don Simmons in the three-mete r diving. The win had followed a weekend loss to Tennessee in which. according to Gentry. neither team swam well. USC lost to the traditionally strong Volun- teers. 61-50. In all it was not a bad season for USC swimmers and with recruiting made easier by the completion of the ultra to be very young. KG!! Bnrtholumwl Piercing the water sharply, Tom Schmidt aims to his record-breaking 4439.162 in the 500-yard freestyle. One of the teams more dominating wins came over Clemson in early Feb- ruary. T4-38. The win raised USC's dual meet record to 5-4. Carolina swimmers posting wins in that meet included Schmidt in the 200- yard butterfly. Fred Ehmke in the 50- yard freestyle. Greg Midwinter in the AAA I l"l I TT ' .1 A YY YAYYAAH modern natatorium, Gentry should be able to lure some top swimmers to USC for the future. Gentry has the facilities to compete against those at Indiana. Tennessee and Miami. Hes chasing a dream that he hopes comes true. ,., 83 I TRAM RALS: THE HOT COMMODITY IN CAMPUS ATHLETICS By Billy Baker A desire for athletic competition and the hope of becoming part of a champi- onship team are two contributing fac- tors in the growth of USC,s intramural program. In 1970, 2,500 participants were involved in the program when Robert Dalrymple became its director. This year more than 4,200 participants were enrolled .in at least one of the 37 activi- ties offered to Carolina students and faculty members. . As the intramural program has grown so has the financial burden required to keep it thriving. However, even in these times of budget cutbacks, Dalrymple is optimistic. "We have enough money to satisfy the needs of the programf, he said. "Now this doesn't mean we couldn't stand to pay officials more. However, just because we pay them more won't always guarantee better onesf, In an effort to improve the quality of officiating, a program was designed to encourage student officials to work throughout their college careers. First- year officials are now paid S3 per game, second-year officials, 354-. The highest one can be paid is 555 per game. "We pay referees on a sliding scale,', Dal- rymple said. As intramural football brought excitement to the participant and fan, it also presented problems for the offi- cials and the program itself. 'In a team's desire to win, rules established to help prevent injuries were often violated I MBMNIMDGM The growth of USC's intramural program can be attributed to director Robert Dalrymple. recklessly. Injuries gained the attention of several university administrators in September, including Dalrymple. "We had to talk to managers and officials involved and we asked them within their own areas of responsibility to help reduce the aggressiveness of the play- ers. We also increased the number of officials from two to three per game." While flag football received most of the publicity this past year with 20 par- ticipating male teams, tennis gained popularity with women. In 1970 there were 4-7 women Kb Cutler on their way 10 a 21.6 win Chi Psi fraternity completes a pass that kept a scoring drive alive against Sigma Nu. Chi Psi went on to finish the season with a 10-0 record. 84- l 1 i r involved in intramural tennis. This year 105 participated, reflecting the rising popularity of tennis across America. Among men there was an increase from 260 in 1974 to 360 this past year. Of immediate concern to Dalrymple is the need for additional outdoor facili- ties to satisfy the demands of the grow- ing program. The problem has been finding the space. With land around the university at such a premium, he won- ders if it is realistic to expect this need to be satisfied. A new practice field adjacent to the Spring Sports Center near the Roost is used strictly by the soccer and rugby clubs. This has helped some because these two clubs once used the facilities near the P.E. Center for their practices. Another goal of the intramural pro- gram is to minimize the number of for- feits. Dalrymple said that one of the most frustrating things for students is to come prepared for a tennis match or a game and find the opposition is not coming. To help alleviate this problem new rules were established this year defin- ing the seriousness of a forfeit. Should a ,,.,....-- --f, X b"s.,., X 12311 .' . 1 .... . a lr rs .. ' 'ru Kip Cutter Table tennis, otherwise known as ping-pong, offers a sports release for USC coeds at the P.E. Center. person not show up for a match involv- ing individual sports, they were not allowed to participate in any other indi- vidual sports for the remainder of that semester. ' The intramural program is meaning- ful and fulfilling to those USC students who take part in it, but there are times when organization becomes difficult. Dalrymple said that at times there 6 ' 3 Kip Cutler Pick-up basketball games are very common lo the intramural program. It is a good time to meet new friendships through athletics. are just too many activities going on to keep up with. His solution to the prob- lem is two-foldg cut out some activities and lengthen second semester by start- ing school later in the fall, as it was a few years ago. When the term lasted until the end of May it was easier to accommodate the various spring activities. "The way the semester is now we can't start a sport like softball until the middle of March, and you have to quit all spring activities by the third week in April for final exams," Dalrymple said. "And if the weather is bad outdoor activities really suffer, because there is not enough time to make up cancellationsf, For the past few years winners of three divisions have competed for the coveted campus all-sports champion- ship. This is simply a composite of a team's over-all performance throughout the year. The divisions include: Residence, comprised of dormitory teamsg Frater- nity, comprised of fraternities, and the Independent league comprised of cam- pus organizations. A fourth league enti- tled the Gamecock league does not par- ticipate for the campus championship or in the play-offs that determine divi- sion winners. In 1970 only Residence and Frater- nity leagues existed. The other two groups were added when the need was 85 discovered. The Gamecock league is restricted because this league is open to any group of USC students who desire to form a team of their own and it is easy to stack a team. There is much rivalry among teams, especially in the fraternity league where teams have been competing against one another for years. The Air Force vs. Navy is always a big flag football rivalry. The intramural program appears to be very accessible to the students. Each residence hall has an appointed intra- mural manager. Each week they are sent communiques from the intramural office. The manager is responsible for relating upcoming activities and answering any questions about the pro- gram to the people in his dorm. The intramural program has expanded to such proportions that Dal- rymple needs assistance from three graduate students who help keep the EaPH1fY Sissy Jones plays. tennis on outside courts near thc center. 86 Kip enum Mike Smyrl checks students' ID's as they enter the P.E. Center, making sure the intramural program is not abused by non-USC students. program running sufficiently. Ken Hauser, Gerry English and Ann Witchner perform intricate duties for the program that has increased in par- ticipation the past few years. Each described their roles within the pro- gram. "All I really do is keep records on various individual sportsf, Hauser said. "I handle all the paper work associated with these sports, like posting results after the events are complete." Hauser was responsible for supervis- ing game officials for intramural bas- ketball this past season. In this area he was often called upon to interpret rules during such activities. "We try and encourage people to participate in the program," Hauser said. "I have not made any great inno- vations to the program. Before Mr. Dal- rymple makes a decision that could change the program he always asks our opinionf, Hauser said. English said that one of his main responsibilities. is communication. He is in charge of keeping officials up on the particular games they might be offi- c-iating. He also makes sure athletic .51 :cancun Sandy Dew usually plays racquetball on Sundays in the new P.E. Center. court reservations are available for the time they were requested. "The intramural program helps me learn how to work with people," he said. "This job helps you to develop skills in recreation. I would like to someday become a coach and this expe- rience with the intramural program has really helped." English is especially proud of the increased enrollment in intramural ten- Lefbsvfs, Jillian. Graecfully diver Clark Hart, displays a gamer in US ms Last year we had 330 pai txclpants but this year we have a total of 4-50 ln the program he said Growth is the e As far as English is concerned the blggest goal of the program IQ not to experience many foul ups Witchner is the co-ordinator of the women s intramural program that includes 16 activities. She said she became interested in working within the program because of her deep inter- est in recreational activitic s. For my future career working wi h the intramural program has been very useful to me ' she said. My goal is to work in recreational programs some- af Witchnel' said that her goal for the program has always been in trying to increase participation in the program. Once a friend does it usually another friend will try it she said in reference to intramural opportunities. As long as Dalrymple surrounds himself with the able leadership of interested people like these assistants it appears that the program will continue to change and grow with the demands of the student body. mpc n C s new natatorlum Students can dive from three different heights one meter three meters and the high dive Mike Hawkins visits the weight room at the P.E. Center ul least three times per week. l nap cunef 87 THE INTR1 MU R1 L IIYNI UTY ENDS To become champions of intramural football is demanding. To emerge the best from a participating group of 40 teams demands practice, organization and luck. In 1975 there was one such team that did everything right. The Young Democrats, a cunning mixture of dare and devil, rampaged through the regu- sammy Kevin Keller recovered from an early season injury to return punts for the Young Democrats during the championship game. Mike Flippo is there to make the tackle. By Billy Baker lar season with a 10-0 record and defeated three opponents in the play- offs to take the intramural flag football championship crown away from Chi Psi fraternity. The Young Democrats challenged the most dominating team of them all in the championship game. Chi Psi came into the game with a 12-0 record also. They had a 64 game win streak under their belts and seemed to have a patent on the intramural football program. lt was a victory for the underdog. The game was played in late Novem- ber before an estimated 200 fans. lt was a defensive struggle, as most champion- ship games have been. The only score came in the second period when Young Democrat's quarterback Steve Williams passed to Gary Bald for a 20 yard touchdown. The PAT failed and the 6-0 lead stood as the final score. For Chi Psi the loss was taken maturely. "I don't think anyone was disappointed," said head coach Steve Barber. "Sooner or later you expect to lose." Because of their success over the years, success that includes three cam- pus championships and four fraternity championships, Chi Psi has a good fan following. Barber estimated most of the 200 fans were Chi Psi supporters. The fans watched the game from the intra- mural field adjacent to the Sol Blatt Physical Education Center. In Barber's words Chi Psi has been successful because they don't take intramural football too seriously. "Flag football is meant to be a lot of funf' he said. "We might practice two or three times before the season begins, and during the season we might make up some new plays. We never practice once the season begins." Chi Psi is a polished disciplined intramural flag football team. Their coach is a depiction of a quiet sober Halfback Jerry Howell breaks open for Chi Psi and gains several yards before Philip Sen makes the stop for the Young Democrats. Ed PQUY 88 looking guy, who begs not to be quoted about the team because he does not want any of the credit for the team's success. Chi Psi and the Young Democrats are different from most intramural teams. A lot of teams appear to be using the intramural football program as a means to let their frustrations out. Some players are neither disciplined or concerned about playing fair. The Young Democrats were a well drilled football team. They could have very well been the best organized team in the history of the intramural flag football program. Gary Bald coached the team, even though he refuses to take full credit for coaching the team. He was responsible for the defense. On offense Steve Wil- liams played quarterback and coached. Mark and Phil Sen coached the offen- sive and defensive lines. It was a well organized system. Coach Bald said that he and other members of the team scouted teams before they played them. "We started scouting Chi Psi after the second game of the season because we knew they would be the team to beat," Bald said. "Chi Psi has the best group of good sports. Everytime I saw their coach after the game he always reminds of what a good team we had." The Young Democrats averaged 30 points per game while allowing oppo- nents a mere 1.7 per game. In 13 games the defense gave up only 20 points. They defeated Townmen, a recognized intramural power, 46-0 on Oct. 10. This was the first year of competition for the Young Democrats. Bald said that most of the players had played for Bates House previously. "Bates House played Chi Psi for the championship Ed Pany Kevin Miller stumbles in an effort to gain extra yardage for the Young Democrats. Steve Kitterman awaits the make stop. last yearf, Bald said. "We lost 13-7 and as our goal we wanted to come back and win it all this year." "Playing Chi Psi was an incentive because it was like a rematchf Bald said. "It was not a game of tricks. We knew the championship game was going to be a test of skills." Bald said that intramural football is great because it is so fun. He tried out for the varsity football team at USC two years ago and was turned off because the coaches "drove it into the groundf, Perhaps there are college prospects hid- den somewhere in USC,s flag football intramural program. To date none have surfaced. However, Bald feels the Young Democrat's punter, Scott Beck, is as good a punter as .leff Grantz. The team,s leading scorer was Mike Taylor, a wide receiver, who scored 18 touchdowns for 108 points. "I think intramurals are great," Bald said. "They give athletes a chance to play football again in a fun way. It's especially great to know your determi- nation paid off with a championshipf' 89 USC's number one singles performer for 1975, Clyde Skaflesled, is curreml I' 4- " """,f" ' 'fi 'rf' South Carolina's men's champion. y 1, ' ' U' " 'fnQi? . 5, .f ffm' f sl KID Cutler , Y ,1..'.m1, 1 ? if . ,..,T., 5 '- f- nw-..,ppni' KIDCUMI This tennis player is expected lo add depth lo a very talented USC men's ten- nis team. L . . . . , .1-TF .pf "-Nrf-'.' y , . . . , . -YW - 1"' " PQ- s- .4 qsqvelvtvga. '-'-.q . -2 ' - n v,! -v 1 s 0 Jeff Kefalos who has been "most valuable player" for lhe last three years 1 serves hard during a fall practice. NDCUUBY 90 IIEIIIW Ill IIIIIIIIEIIEE IIIIYIIIIE By Fred Merritt Believe it or not, there's more to col- lege athletics - good college athletics - than football. And USC is no excep- tion. All in all, the University of South Carolina probably can be proud of one of the finest athletic programs in the nation. Case in point: the USC men's tennis team. When Coach Ron Smarr came to USC in 1971, practically the only dis- tinctive feature of the Gamecock tennis team was its mediocrity. The program had reached a high point back in the late sixties when Bill McClain's team went undefeated and tied for the ACC championshipg otherwise the team's record had been lackluster. Today, if thereis any one trait Coach Smarr's program doesn't possess, it's mediocrity. After four years here, Smarr has compiled a record of 97-19, and that ain't luck. Take the '74--75 season. In what was supposed to be a rebuilding year, Smarr and his netmen came up with an unbe- lievable 24-3 dual match record. According to some of the players, the Gamecocks even beat teams they had no business being on the same court with. "If somebody had told me last Sep- tember f19744j that we were only going to lose three matches," Smarr said, "I would have thought they were crazy. It was supposed to be an off-year for us." Apparently last year's Gamecocks decided that rebuilding could wait. They decided to win, and that decision was what turned the season around. "Probably the key to the whole sea- son was the attitude of the players," said Smarr. "It was excellent, especially compared with my previous years here. ff . 1 ' -P 5:-. M t v "Q KID Cults Although Jeff Kefalos failed to achieve some of his tennis goals last season, Coach Ron Smarr predicts improve- ment for USC's top-seeded singles player. 91 2-it R i ' ' yy. .. fy 9 'sw mt, ,ty ' " . ' 'i 'git 1. 1 i i ' v . ununllaldgiiggliiii'fini' nnanaumnnanunl ug, llIllllll3 lllllllllJEE::ggllll'g!:gs lllllllllllllllllllllll llllllllllll an l l llll .......- llllllllllli ' , , . an nalunnnntll ' nnggnanmnaaaaalanln DQDBEUUYII Senior Jeff Kefalos reveals some of the form and style which made him the tennis team's MVP for the last three years. We won several 5-4 matches, which I think is indicative of good attitude. "My first two years .here we were 48- 7, but we could have easily lost 15 more matches if the attitude had been bad. Last year we had a lot less talent but the team attitude was great. "All the guys played well at one time or another. When one player let up, some of the others always came through in the clutch. Tennis is still a team sport as far as I'm concerned. If you know your teammate is pulling for you, it helps your morale." What did all this team attitude accomplish that talent alone would not have been able to? "Our win over Florida State proba- bly made us the best independent team in the country," said Smarr, "since Notre Dame, Florida State and Carolina were about the top three independents." There were only three tough teams, in fact, that this mysterious force named Attitude was unable to subdue last year. Georgia, Duke and North Car- olina are three of those perennial pow- ers that you keep hearing about every single year. Without Attitude they would have been whitewashes. With Attitude they were respectable losses of 3-6 to Geor- 92 0 .. , an '. nunnauuasggg-at-.,,g n annul' "3il'aiSSS53S5iaEunggg, ualnnaianlannaaltug-U - lll1llllllll ... 4 mmaunnnnnnll-Q-.., iiglngeghhnfgisuhnggll - A l lll l """ 1 5 Din! Sims gia, 4-5 to Duke and 1-8 to UNC. In the latter match the Gamecocks lost three three-set single matches. And then there were those matches that went the other way. Like Florida State, for instance - that was USCls first tennis win over the nationally ranked school ever. And the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, whose team was undefeated when beaten by USC and went on to finish in the nation in the college division. And then there were Ohio State, Harvard, Appalachian State - all of whom had excellent teams last year. The one flaw in the '75 tennis season came in the NCAA championship tour- nament during the summer. The luck of the draw went against USC, and on the first day of competition three players were eliminated in matches in which each went to three sets. The Gamecocks failed to place, and thus missed out on the national rankings. "Obviously there's a fallacy here," said Smarr. "The tournament can't be fair when teams that you've beaten end up ranked 25 notches ahead of you. For places one through five the tournament might be fair, but when you get down to places below that, it becomes a matter of having luck in the draw." Eventually, Smarr said, the tourna- i 'Y m'g,g..i..fel...- 'Ei 1 f A vt T +--"fit-.1If' f W i fer 'fr ffl 'sf ' Y. , 1 ff f4IF9f?:15ffg ads? , , , A +B.f,5g52fq4,f5g nr nr'rr535-J-gr-4.,:s. -. ,- . ll 1, . f-,L ., U I.. ll: 1,5 if 255511 :as +191 - "1 sms: " ll ll 1: Intl: gl2"-. faglfl F, M ase-- 1 s.s5e222"!.l1s ment would probably be set up so that teams would have to qualify for it, and the field would be narrower than it presently is. If the team relied on attitude last year to get them through, this year theylll need truckloads. Because this year they're taking on what Smarr called "definitely the toughest schedule we've ever playedf, The spring season begins in late Feb- ruary, and it's uphill all the way. A trip down to Florida promises to run the Gamecocks head-on into a Southern army even Sherman would have been afraid of. There they'll play Florida, llth-ranked last year and returning five of their top six players, Miami, the nation's second-ranked team last yearg Kentucky, 22-4 last year and returning their entire team, and Presbyterian Col- lege, second-ranked small college team last year and returning five of their six top players. Another weekend trip will pit the Gamecocks against Tennessee, nation- ally ranked last year and returning most of their players this year, and Georgia, another nationally ranked team. USC also plays Florida State, Duke, North Carolina, Ohio State, University of Ten- nessee at Chattanooga, Middle Tennes- see and Harvard, all of which are tennis powers. "Realistically, there are 10 to 14- teams that can definitely put us under if we,re not playing well," Smarr said. "We could lose 10 or 12 matches and still have a good year. But whatever, we're looking forward to it." That's attitude talking. The spring schedule may be the end of it, but it certainly isn't the beginning. There's a rather hectic fall schedule of about 15-17 tournaments prior to the regular season. The reason? "Tennis has gotten to be a year- round sport here except for about four or five weeks," Smarr said. "But it paid off last year. We had the most competi- tive fall schedule last year that we've had and I think that really helped us We played well because I think we were a lot sharper earlier than other teams even some of the teams down in Flo ri a The fall schedule IS something that I think has really helped our program You can practice and practice and prac tice but after a few weeks you re ready to go out and pit that animosity and competitiveness against Clemson or somebody That s in any sport If you know you re going to be competing against somebody every two weeks or so then you re going to work harder Probably for the first time since Smarr came to USC the 1976 netmen might have that rare blend of both atti tude and talent. If that's too hard to believe, consider the fact that all six top players from last year have returned this year. And if that's not enough, two of those players might even be ousted from the top six by the new recruits. Smarr's front-liners this year could consist of any of the following: 'Clyde Skaflestad, a senior who posted an 18-9 record last year as the number one player, including winning 10 of his last 12 matches. He is also the current South Carolina men's cham- pion. 'Jeff Kefalos, a senior who has been co-captain of the team and a three-year most valuable player. Playing number two last year he compiled an amazing 23 2 record Andreas Hufschmld who accord mg to Smarr is now playing his best tennis ever despite having a relatively off year in 1975 Hufschmid is the third and final senior Phil Dukes a former co Captaln and former number one Junior doubles player in New England A Junior who posted a 22 41 record last year at num ber four singles Dukes has shown dra matic improvement since his freshman year Jeff Hull a sophomore who played 4455 and 4416 singles last year with a 22 1 record His only loss came against UNC in three sets Rip Trammel a Junior transfer who played 4711 singles at Vanderbilt Uni- versity. He will probably play in one of the top four singles positions this year. 'And finally, Chris Mayotte, a fresh- man who was formerly the second- ranked junior in New England. In addition, Smarr expects two other newcomers, freshman Bob Mclntosh and sophomore Randy Ogsda, to add depth to the squad. One of last year's top six, senior Steve Geller, will be red-shirted this year and brought back for another year of eligibility next year. Two other trans- fers, Bob Kaplan from Maryland and Ralph Walker from Clemson, are sitting out this year but will join the team for 1976-77 with three years of eligibility e With seven or eight players returning for the 76 77 season Smarr s contin ued reputation as a coach seems to be assured He may however be affected by new NCAA regulations that have limited the size of the team and made recruiting tighter The guys you give scholarships to better be able to play said Smarr Because of the new rules there s going to be a lot less recruiting on potential But if we can bring in two tennis play ers who can hit a tennis ball pretty well every year we ll be all right We may not beat UCLA but we can compete with a lot of them No sooner said than done Doubles teammates Jeff Kefalos left and Andreas Hufschmidt take on one another in an afternoon work out session at the Physical Education Center courts -'Fu 1 fs...- 93 s - . I ft. , . ' u 1 1 . . . - 9 1 . . . . . 1 9 ' 9 s ' , - . - 1 9 te n 1 c u n I , . . - . - 9 , , . . . ee - - 1 I as - . - , . . . . . ez 7 - , . 7 . n n Q I 7 7 I , . I . . . . - ' 0 9 , . 9, . . 1 - , . - 1 ' . . . . . , s , - as 7 ' ' , .- . . . . l 9 1 1 ' ' . - ,,,, '71 ' -N ' N . ' , - 4- 'a f--- ' , 1' l . ' f V ,I ,, Y -v 1- I x, . H: ,- 'z I. Nm V T. . , xff ,, f ' V 1 4, ,. ' ,,. "' " " 5 ' ' A, lf, .f ., i."jjlg5.Q , , . Q75-". ' ' ' ' . , -. " H ' V 1--t' tl- . ra ii. . . - -- .. 1 .. -pe , V -, . . -J 'N . . ' ' 4- - .-HL-,-' 'N - Lffilf-'if H if H V A ' 4 V . z - ,': '..' fzgifhprl-11-53. lsjafrf' li- '3,l-Fil'-i':j"' 2:35, 'vgig,45.-"' ' - . "'1-Li' . " f 1 1 . ' T- A- 5 I--3 ' "Y mpcuw TAKING THE FU IDSQ By Billy Baker In times of economic uncertainty in athletics some things can be assured of happening. Those sports that are not considered self supporting will be cut back the most. USC's golf team is a liv- ing example. This past spring the golf team found themselves in poor shape. They had the potential to achieve heights in golf never before reached by a USC golf team. Yet team morale was at all time low because players were constantly reminded that they could not do the things they had been used to doing in the past because of lack of funds. For example. The university required the team to commute for three days from Orangeburg where the team was competing in the prestigious Pal- metto Intercollegiate tournament that OUT OF GOLF decides the state champion. Later in the spring, at the South Carolina Intercolle- giate Tournament that decides the state champion, golf team members were required to stay with families in the Hampton, S.C. community where the tournament was played. "Not being able to stay together as a team effects your attitude," Kirk Jones, a USC golf team member said. "When we played at Orangeburg it made us feel like the university was cheap and we went to Hampton the team was sepa- rated because we stayed in different houses." .lones is a senior member of this year's team and was recruited to USC after a fourth place finish in the National Junior College Tournament in 1974. Also, the NCAA, the governing body for college athletics, has passed legisla- tion that could further aid the demise of college golf in general. In August of 1975 at a specially called meeting NCAA member schools voted to cut back the number of golf scholarships from eight to five by the beginning of 1976. Also schools can only participate in 12 tournaments or matches within the school year. The NCAA also adopted a rule limiting a team's travel squad to six players. Eight is the maxi- mum that can play at home. Another problem for the team has resulted from coaching changes, The team has had three coaches since the fall of 1974. Bill Shalosky had coached the team while serving as the business manager for athletics. When Paul Diet- zel resigned Shalosky lost both jobs to the desires of the new regime at USC. Dale Dirk, a physical education instructor succeeded Shalosky in the spring of 1975 and seemed to get along Edward PBWY After consultation with Kirk Jones and Chip Prezioso Mike Holland hits with a two iron towards the green. 94 EdPelty Aiming for the green Chip Prezioso swings carefully. with the team. This past summer Dirk resigned as the golf coach because he wanted to devote more time to his teaching duties and his studies towards a doctorate degree in physical educa- tion from LSU. "I don't think the university has any desire to build a championship golf team," he said. Dirk does feel that it is possible to have a competitive golf team based on the present budget allotted the golf team 629,500 for 1975-761. He noted that Wake Forest, a recognized power, offers only five scholarships every year already. He felt that golfers should come to college without a scholarship and then prove their worthiness. Dirk defended the NCAA passed leg- islation that could hurt USC and other schools. "Something had to be done,', he said. "Once when you had 20 matches or more you could easily miss a third of your classes a semester play- ing golf." Dirk was succeeded by Don Mathis, a graduate assistant who was hired more as a co-ordinator than a coach. He played very sparingly for USC several years ago and is not known to be an out- standing golfer. This past fall USC participated in one tournament and all dual matches were cancelled. "We used to play dual matches but we are not anymore because of finan- cial reasonsf, Mathis said. "College golf is getting away from fall schedul- ing." Because Mathis came to the job in early September it took him a while to establish rapport with the team. He discovered that USC has a Vet- eran golf team with possibilities for suc- cess. Led by senior David Dupree and sophomore Mike Holland this year's team is looking for improvement. Senior Chip Prezioso, junior Mike Ball, senior Kirk Jones, and sophomore Rob Viner round out the scholarship performers on the 1975-76 team. In the spring of 1975 the Gamecocks failed to qualify anyone for post season NCAA competition. USC finished sec- ond in the South Carolina Intercollegi- ate tournament that decided the state champion. USC led the 12 team field by eight strokes going into the final round. A Clemson rally spoiled USC's chances at the state championship. Furman fin- ished third behind USC. The team's desire to win will be based on the kind of attitudes they will have towards their new coach, a slashed budget and recently passed NCAA leg- islation. Perhaps Kirk .Iones sums it up best. Ed FMU Keeping his head down and his weight on his back foot Kirk Jones drives from the rough. "You can't coach golf physically," he said. "The main thing is to get every- one wanting to play as a team. When you are treated well you stick closer together." . Ironically, several members of the team were suspended or disciplined in early February for violating the athletic code established for residents of the Roost. While one member of the group said the team was never made aware of the living code, Mathis had a different story. "On numerous occasions I informed them that the use of alcoholic beverages in the Roost was not allowed," he said. aweny The clubs in this golf bag belong to one of the survivors on USC's golf team after budget cuts. This spring this bag will travel to about one-half as many tournaments. 95 The boys of sprlng played hard After all th1s team of Yankeeland gulle and Southern bonus selectlons had played for perfectlon 1n college baseball the NCAA champ1onsh1p Some say great teams come by 3CC1 dent Perhaps Earl Bass and Hank Small could have been throwlng strlkes and h1tt1ng home runs for pay ln the sprmg of 1975 Somehow they met 1n Columbla played for a coach named Rlchardson and made a blg name for themselves and a un1ver stty All 1n the same year The story of Bobby R1chardson IS becomlng nonetheless a b1t redun dant We know he played second base for the New York Yankees back when they controlled the New York stock exchange and the game of baseball It must have been a chal lenge for hlm to accept the pressures that come w1th coachlng He had a name to l1ve up to Rlchardson has sald many tlmes that challenges are h1S reasons for l1v1ng The man beheves that the Amerlcan athlete knows but one thlng and that IS to wm And 1n 1975 USC s baseball pro gram won It completely domlnated by Bllly Baker The No 2 trophy Carol a recelved at the World Serles thus past summer shines through the Roost dorm trophy case a reglon A reglon that once belonged to Georgla Southern and Mlaml of Florlda had become prop erty of a free swmgmg base steahng bunch of baseball prod1g1es The Gamecocks The season began aga1nst the Bap tlst College of Charleston It was not an 1nd1cat1on of thlngs to come Actually USC s 7 6 w1n was based on Buccaneer mental errors The Game cocks were slmply outplayed How ever they won the1r flrst n1ne games ln a row lt was begtmnng to look easy Over sprlng break the team tra velled to the Stetson Inv1tat1onal Tournament 1n Deland Fla The Gamecocks dlscovered what It was hke to have the1r power h1tters on the bench when Small and leftflelder Steve Klng pulled muscles 1n the1r egs W1th0Ut the long ball threat USC dropped two games 7 6 to Stetson and 4- 3 to Seton Hall USC had won the Stetson Inv1tat1onal Tournament wlth a record of 4'-2 At 132 the Gamecocks prepared to w1n 17 stralght games before losmg to Geor g1a Southern 6 2 1n Statesboro Aprll lt had also been a season of the newcomer .lumor college transfers Garry Hancock and Steve Cook showed why they had been hlgh draft p1CkS by the profess1onals These two the ball as well as most outflelders ln Amerlca 1n 1975 After USC had defeated N C State Greg Ward pttches a called stnke to Georgxa Southern batter Steve Garcia Ward took USC to a 2 1 vxctory over Southern , or 6 7 l ' - ' . . p 7 9 ' ' . ' , . 5 V . , . ' . l . . . 3 - 1 1 ' ' ' WDQEGQVIS I ' , . 4 -ly o ' . - ' ' . ' 13. ' , ' ' - outfielders hit the ball .and caught , , . . . . ' ' . , . 7 ' , fl' 'fl 1 7' 1, ff ' 1 ' 1. L5- lt, ' 1 ,, Q14 V 1 Nia. ' I I U V A V I KDIEUIVI I' Y x ',. -.if L, . DarvsEdenl All America Earl Bass gets congratulated after pitching a 4-3 win over North Carolina State. 4-3 in the championship game of the Mid Atlantic Regional, Bobby Rich- ardson was confident. It was like turning a double play with Kubeck of the Yankees to end the seventh game of a world series. It was yester- day'all over again for this man who has a knack for being a part of win- ning teams. ' "I don't think there is a better defensive college baseball team in America," said Richardson. "Our infield is solid with Jeff Grantz and 6 ,lim Pankovits on the left side, and Hank Small and Mark Van Bever can cover a lot of ground on the right. "And in the outfield we,ve got two players who can go get it with any- one," he said. "Steve Cook and Garry Hancock are tremendous ath- letes." There was no doubt that Earl Bass was the best pitcher in college base- ball in 1975. He won 17 and lost one and finished out a career with a record of 34-4-. He began his pro career in "AAA" competition within the bt. Louis Farm System. His coach, Bobby Richardson had started out on Class B level 20 years earlier before ascending to a starting position with four world champion- ship teams. Bass and the gang then took a trip to dreamland, the College World Series in Omaha, Neb., the ultimate goal of college baseball teams. For Bobby Richardson it was just a mat- ter of time. In 1973 his club was defeated by Miami 2-1 in the cham- pionship of Southern Region. He blamed a lot of that shortcoming on the absence of slugger Steve King, who had missed the season with a broken ankle. The team arrived at the World Series a decided underdog. Number one Florida State was given the nod to win it. The Seminoles lost their first two games and left embarrassed. There were indications that USC had the support of the local Omaha fans, because of several dinner luncheons attended by Richardson who had arrived early in Omaha to "sell some tickets." After the first two rounds of the series USC was the only undefeated team among the eight. They had the inside track on USC's first NCAA championship ever. However, a team that had had eight of its players selected in the pro baseball draft, less than a week before, eventually defeated USC twice for nationalhon- ors. ln the championship game for the NCAA title Texas touched a tired but determined Bass for eight hits. The defense broke down on occasion, leaving the Gamecocks to play catch up the entire game. Longhorn Jim Pankovits' swing helped USC defeat Temple 11-0 in the semi-finals of the South Atlantic Regional Baseball Tournament. The eventual tournament champi- onship gave USC a berth in the World Series. pitcher Richard Wortham turned a great pitching effort in leading to a 5-1 victory in a game attended by more than 16 thousand people. Hank Small was the only bright spot for the Gamecocks in the cham- pionship game with a 390 ft. homer in the fourth inning. The Gamecocks had earlier defeated Seton Hall, Eastern Michi- gan, and Arizona St. twice. Both their losses were to Texas. Three USC players made the All World Series Tournament team. They were Bass, second baseman Mark Van Bever, and centerfielder Steve Cook. The trip home to Columbia was filled with anticipation. Would the fans be at the airport to pay tribute to the finest athletic team ever assembled at USC? .lust the day before they had lost their chance at perfection. Over l,0Q0 people were there, especially the rejuvenated Gamecock fans who had been lost between the promises of Paul Dietzel and the misuses of talent by Frank McGuire. A man named Richardson had rekin- dled their hopes and beliefs in USC's athletic program. They cheered and cheered, young and old alike, in a crowded airport terminal. The cheers turned into roars as Earl Bass, first in the welcoming line, ascended the steps to the main lobby with the second place trophy tucked by his side. There were tears in peo- ple's eyes, smiles on peop1e's faces, and a feeling of camaraderie among all at that airport on a hot June Sun- day. It was the end of Richardson's sixth season at USC. His record stood at 183-78-2. The man knew how to win. At a high school banquet two years ago Richardson explained the sports world in this way. This crowd Edlvl Righlfielder Garry Hancock walks home with another run as the opposing team's catcher looks down in disgust At right above USC players seem to he preoccu pied with their game against N.C. State. Bruoasalpe Head baseball coach Bobby Richardson signals to a batter in hopes that the strategy will bring ,lim Panko- vits home against Clemson. on earth may soon forget the heroes of the pastg they cheer like mad until you're down and that's how long they last. However, before the season had begun there were many uncertainties surrounding the prospects for a great season. Richardson could have easily been without the services of All America Earl Bass, sluggers Hank Small, and number two pitcher Greg Ward. "In trying to recap what gave us the opportunity of going to the Col- lege World Series I think it was first a matter of Earl Bass coming back to play another year," Richardson said. "Bass was not satisfied with his fourth round draft pick by the Cleve- land Indians and he decided to return because he wanted to help us win the national championship." "Greg Ward was 21 and wanted so desperately to signf' reflected Richardson. "I thought we were going to lose Hank Small for a while because he had been talking to several clubs about the possibility of i i s i Dam some Catcher Greg Keatley pops up to the left field in an afternoon game at the spring sports center. dropping out of school so he could be eligible for the January draft." "I've got to be honest," Richard- son said. "It was the decisions of these players wanting to return, plus the recruiting of several junior trans- fers that gave us the opportunity of playing in Regional play and going on the College World Seriesf, It had been a good recruiting year for Richardson. He went after the established proven players and found most of them a few miles apart at junior colleges in Miami, Fla. "In our recruiting we chose junior col- lege transfers who could fit right into the line-up," Richardson said. "Starting off with two outfielders, Steve Cook and Garry Hancock, we DlMEdens Hank Small shows one of the many strategies involved in a championship game. had tremendous athletes drafted very high by professional clubs," Rich- ardson said. "Mark Van Bever added' a lot to the club with his speed." "However, l think the mainstay of the group last season was our catcher Greg Keatleyf' Richardson said. "He is a tremendous catcher previ- ously drafted by Detroit. He took over, in a quiet Way, the leadership of the team. Heis just a guy that likes to win." All season long capacity crowds at the Roost watched the Gamecocks defense turn in miracle plays. Cen- terfielder Steve Cook robbed hitters of extra base hits and Jeff Grantz threw runners out from the grass at his shortstop position on several occasions. "I think we certainly had one of the soundest defenses in college baseball last season," Richardson said. "We couldn't have been embar- rassed playing against a major league club." Richardson believes that the best teams are going to get shut out on occasion, but it is most embarrassing to see a team's defense break down. He seldom worried about either cir- cumstance in the spring of 1975 when his club dominated a region. lt was the combination of pitch- ing, hitting, and defense that allowed the Gamecocks to challenge for num- ber one in 1975. Bass finished the season with a record of 17-1 and tied with Greg Ward in career wins at USC with 34. Hank Small led the team in hitting with a .390 average. He was drafted by the Atlanta Braves baseball organ- ization in June. Bass and Small were both named first team All Americas. Following Small in the hitting department was Garry Hancock with a .351 average, outfielder Steve King, .34-1, third baseman .lim Pan- kovits, .315, and Cook at .302. Averages of other regulars Bmc-sang, Earl Bass finished out an almost sterling senior season with a 17-1 record. included designated hitter .l im Flem- ing, .293, second baseman Mark Van Bever, .2883 catcher Greg Keat- ley, .276, and Grantz .237. As a team the Gamecocks estab- lished records for games played, 58, wins, 51, winning percentage, .888, at bats, 1,94-9, runs scored, 389, hits, 579, total bases, 870, runs bat- ted in, 334, team batting average, 297, fielding percentage, .975, dou- ble plays, 39, innings pitched, 503, complete games pitched by one pitcher, 26, and tied the team record for home runs with 57. USC has entered the 1976 season without the services of Bass, Ward, or Small. These boys of spring have a hard act to follow. However, most of the defense is back and with vet- eran pitcher Timmy Lewis available for tough games a dynasty seems to be developing. Pankovits is back at third. Grantz is anchored at short stop. Mark Van Bever is at second and the team's long ball threat, Steve King is at first base for USC. The outfield includes old names like Hancock, Cook, Don Repsher and David Small. Some young recruits with names like Richardson and Rizzuto bring back memories of their fathers who used to play for the Yankees. They join a talented group of rookies that should help USC once again chal- lenge for the NCAA crown. Hancock was lost to pro baseball in the winter drafts. His departure, along with the absence of Bass and Ward was beginning to be felt midway through the 1976 season when the Gamecocks had a 18-7 record. The College World Series didn't look quite as obvious, but still there was hope. USC was considered a running club in 1975. Here, .lim Pankovits stealstsecond-' ' base in an afternoon game against nationally ranked Georgia Southern. " na- f., L' 'Y .L 1 idk ' mil Eden! yy V flffffl Ag Xa .Xi X: . Wi' '1 x I xox X i 1 . l XY X 3: X .J if .L ,4f,, A K xg-RQ-R f:L'ff'af: XR ', N' x ,iwfjdga-" N fx, ' X Q 'xxx KQL Qwf Xxx NN xx xkx Flashb of a Yankee X 1' Xa kxxx ' R ' Q x fy GLW SP7 QVUSI Mx' 3 ff ' if - Q '4. I xx fl Clif' X hen I was I2-years-old my father was in the tombstoning business and I would go down to his place of business and hit chips of gran- ite with a bat I had made from a piece of wood. I would throw those chips up, hit them and envision someday playing professional baseball. And, more than anything else I wanted to play profes- sional baseball. At this time one individual took a keen interest in me as a baseball player. He was an older person who had been a good athlete in minor league baseball. We would go over to the school yard a block away where he would hit ground ball after ground ball to me. He would hit fly balls to me and pitch me batting practice. I had the distinct advantage of having, more or less, a private coach. I was fortunate that the New York Yankees had a farm club that had spring training in my home town, Sum- ter. Now, I was a Philadelphia Phillies fan. In 1950 they had the whiz kids like Robin Roberts and Richie Ashburn and some other guys who had put together a good team who played the Yankees in the World Series. Well, DiMagio hit the home run, and the Yankees won. I didn't root for them because they were always rated to win the pennant. It was just a natural thing to root for whoever they were playing against. When I was I4--years-old, Mayo Smith, who was then manager of the Yankees told me that he would see to it that I got a chance to play with the Yan- kees when I graduated. All of a sudden I became a Yankee fan. When I graduated from high school I had the chance to sign with nine ball clubs. I chose the Yankees even though the offers were the same because the bonus rule was in effect for every club. I spent four days working out with Mic- key Mantle and Yogi Berra before I was sent down to work my way through the farm systems. I spent two years down, and was back up in New York at the age of 19. After 11 times at bat Casey Stengal said that I would never hit in the major league. They sent me down to the Rich- mond farm team that was in last place at the time. I was really discouraged. This was some kind of life I told rnyselfg traveling around the country not know- ing where you were going to be the next minute. My father was able to sit down with me and explain that there would be hard times. He told me the opportu- nity would comeg to stick with it, and things would get better. Things did get better. At instruc- tional school in Florida I was able to prove myself as an infielder and the next season I played in a higher classifi- cation. In 1957 I came up to stick with the Yankees. Significantly, my greatest moments as a pro didn't center around anything I personally did. Most of my great moments in sports centered around other people. I remember when Roger Maris broke Babe Ruth's home run record in New York. As he circled the bases there were goose pimples on my arms as the crowd gave him a standing ovation. Realizing he had broken Babe Ruth's home run record he tipped his hat to the crowd as he circled the bases. I remember Mickey Mantle after being out of the lineup for a month, coming up to bat against Gary Bell in Cleveland. When he got into the on deck circle I remember the crowd giv- ing him a ten minute ovation. Then I stood and watched as he swung and missed the first pitch and then he swung and hit the next pitch out of the park over the centerfield fence. As a college coach Richardson has continued to win. He has put Carolina among the nationls elite in the sport of baseball. Last season his team posted a record of 51-6-1 and Hnished second in the College World Series. He came to USC in 1970 and to date has a record of 183-78-2. The hardest thing to do as a collegi- ate coach is cutting young boys from the club. We have some 50 athletes who walk on and try to make our club each year. Yet we have a number that we have to cut down to in order to be eligi- ble for play. The hardest thing for me to do is call a boy into the office, a boy that wants more than anything to play in a program that's good, and tell him we are not going to be able to use you. I can see a pressure building up now for our success to continue. When we lost to Miami two years ago in regional play all I heard all year long was the comment, "Don't worry we will win it all next yearf' We didnlt win it all, but we did win the regionals and we were able to play in the last game. QNCAA finalsj This year the comment is similar and I do feel a little pressure. Yet I really shouldnlt because I think people are realistic enough to know that our success depends on the boys we recruit and what kind of year they have. I can retire from baseball at the age of 4-5, fRichardson is now 401. I,Il be honest by saying since my son is com- ing to school here I would like to con- tinue coaching here and have signed a four-year contract. Now whether or not I finish that four years, I feel like I have the privilege of getting out earlier if I see something else. I really donlt feel like I will be in college coaching for a long time. Richardson said that he has had the opportunity to manage professional ball but declined for many of the reasons he retired at an early age. He never liked the travel nor the awayness from home that pro ball demands. When I asked the Yankees to release me from my contract so I could become the coach here they first asked me if I wanted to manage in their major leagues or one of their "AAA" clubs. My answer was no then and it would be the same now. My life has centered around base- ball. I signed at 17, right out of high school. When I retired from the Yan- kees I had no idea I would ever get involved again. It was just something that came along. I really don't think I have been a suc- cess in the way people sometimes think. If you look in baseball, and you look at the roster of the guys I played with I was probably the least successful of most of the guys that played there. I was a part of a team and I did my job well, but I was not like the guys making the big money, hitting the long ball. I think the key to anybody's success is first of all, dedication. I think you have to have a love for things. I don't think you can be a success doing things you don't enjoy. I have always loved baseball. I have always enjoyed it very much. - as told to Billy Baker 103 511 ,, I W 11-1 : V: i . iw ! QL, . . fs f.. . , ' . , i-- H. ffl? L WL" xt ., JI-.yls-Q. ' ,ni I Q -tsl nw. -Q 1 -jenn 1 :-1:15 ,ng ,- he 0' "' .1 .vi The pole vaulting responsibilities centered on Beaufort native Gibbes McDowell who came shy of a school record 15'6". oritreal? By Billy Cox For those who maintain that the only way to measure a team's suc- cess is to look at the won-lost record, head track coach Bill McLure's fourth at Carolina would rank as a mediocre if not bad one. The Game- cocks posted a 1-3 mark in dual competition, and split a pair of trian- gular meets. Not so hot, huh? Then how does the subtle fact that the '75 edition of tracksters broke more records in one season than the Temptations made during an entire career fit in? Some 21 new school marks gave McClure a bit of sun- shine on an otherwise cloudy day. Add to that talented cast of individu- als he sent to the NCAA finals in Provo, Utah, and you've got another hole in the puzzle. Irreconcilable? "We've got a really good group here," McClure said at the start of the outdoor season. "I think people will be surprised at the caliber of our material." Indeed, the 1974- Indoor Coach of the Year in District III had a good reason for optimism. McClure was returning the nucleus of a team that had finished third in the nation and had included 10 rec- ognized All-Americas. Names like Adams, Sheley, Brown, Reid, Allen, and Briggs were coming back. USC had shown promise during their 2-1 indoor session. While drop- ping a close one to LSU in Baton Rouge, the Gamecocks snared first place among Furman, North Caro- lina, and Clemson in Chapel Hill, and were the only team to beat Auburn in the Tigers' facilities. Perhaps the clue to Carolina's mid- and late-season collapse could be found, oddly enough, right in its own backyard - Weems Baskin Track itself. McClure had explained earlier in the spring campaign that Baski,n's "Uniroyal', quartermile strip was hardly the type of track he wanted his athletes to practice on day after day. The "Uniroyal" sur- face is of such a fiber that it gives very little, making it especially con- Talented Berle Stocks finished 2nd in broad jump competition against Florida State with a 23-10W leap. Hub . ,N - DamEoei ducive to muscle strains. Unfortu- nately, due to relentless rains which made work-outs on the field a virtual impossibility, the thin-clads were forced to practice most of the time on the track itself. As the season dragged slowly on, McClure's words that "we have bet- ter depth teamwise than ever before" would return to haunt him. Injuries would 'run his ranks so ragged that he would be forced to run individu- als in events other than their special- ties. At other times he would have to surrender events without contest to the opposition. The 'Cocks were dealt their first bit of bad news when Star half-miler and hurdler Mike Sheley was red- shirted because of a leg injury. Still, the quality of Carolina athletes was supposed to have been more than enough to offset the loss. The triple jump and the long jump would be USC strongholds with record-holding co-captain Ron Adams expected to have a stellar year, along with Berle Stocks and Titus Briggs. Jerry Morrison and Jeff Fuge would share the burden in the shot and the discus. The running events were to be Carolina's fortes, as 6-7 Bernie Allen, who had finished fourth in the NCAA championships in the 60-yard high hurdles as a freshman, would go in the 100-yard dash and join Alan Shoultz in the hurdles. Mark Gediman, John Brown, Milton Reid, Paul McLeod, and Keith Norvel were other stand-out sprinters. The distance events had such personnel as Bob Day, Leon Cook, Don Lay- den, and Wayne Thomas. Arch-rival Clemson was USC's first opponent, and for a while, the Tigers were making a match out of it. After taking a beating in the field, the ,Cocks stormed back to make a rout of it in the running events, bur- ying the Tigers 85-56. East Carolina and Eastern Ken- tucky came to town to participate in a triangular meet, and the two dou- ble-teamed for what looked like would be a knock-out punch. Late in the day, Carolina was floundering at third place. It took a four-man sweep by Carolina fAdams, Stocks, Briggs, and Steve Wilsonj in the triple jump Sophomore All-America Steve Wilson has cleared 7-I in thc high jump, and could qualify for the Olym- pic tryouts. - - I - Dana Edans I X 1' - ! l 'S UIMEHGM Ono of Don Layden's best mile runs was a 4:14-.5 against Florida Stale. to escape the claws of tenacious EKU. Final tally, USC - 67, EKU - 62, ECU - 51. USC also picked a fine time to travel to Tuscaloosa, Ala. to tackle heavyweights Indiana, the Big Ten champ, and Alabama. Carolina went without the services of Adams, Allen, and Brown, who were compet- ing for the indoor championships in Detroit. Things went pretty much as expected, with Indiana winning handily, and Carolina finishing a dis- tant third. Still, considering the com- petition and the fact that three more school records were set, McClure had few complaints. The Gamecocks then took it to Raleigh for the Atlantic Coast Relays in a non-scoring meet. The spring medley team of McLeod, Brown, Shoultz, and Gediman grabbed a record-smashing first place, and Cook took first in the mile. The annual Carolina State-Record Relays, with some seven universities and numerous high schools compet- ing, kicked off the following week. Florida State sparkled throughout the day, and had its ace runner, Ves- coe Bradley, named as the outstand- ing collegiate athlete. More than any- thing, though, the meet was witness to Carolina's injury stigma. Ron Adams was working with strained muscles and Norvel and Reid were sidelined. "I think the injury situa- tion here is sort of contagious," McClure remarked. "People start getting hurt, and the other guys on the squad start noticing their aches and pains more, too." Florida dealt the Gamecocks an 85-60 pummeling in Orlando, despite two more marks falling. The Gators simply wore down the Game- cocks with an ample amount of depth. Notable among the missing faces was Bernie Allen. The tall sophomore, among other things, had run into academic difficulty and would see no more action for the remainder of the year. "I think we're better off depth- wise than opponent Georgia," McClure said in a preview, "and I'd have to call us favorites in this one." Yet, when the smoke had cleared in Athens, the Bulldogs had pulled off a 77-68 upset squeaker. While domi- nating the field events, Carolina's running threats were hampered by the additional loss of Gediman. Indi- viduals continued to perform well for Carolina, as Adams' long jump mark nabbed him a spot in the NCAA's. Finally, the tracksters returned home where they ran into Florida State's buzzsaw. Despite a 97-57 loss in the Day of the Gamecock, by the meet's end, Carolina had qualified a total of three athletes for post-season competition, including Adams, Stocks in the triple jump, and Wil- son in the high jump. At the Nationals in May USC failed to place anyone among the top . ' ' f - .,-4.1, -I , l I M l?-.. Ev 5 e --.. V - ' ,." ""',' ',- 7 I n A' q g., 'l l,'f . , . ff- f"-al nm l .- ',. :--if-like 255524 r , if , .-Q -vm., 1 ' fi -.. t w- i if DBDOEdGns Berle Stocks was one of four track stars to repre- sent USC at the NCAA track meet in Provo, Utah. six places in any event. However, freshman Steve Wilson earned All America status with a high jump of 6'1" for an eighth place finish. McClure says this year's team should be the best he has coached at USC. "Our track team should be the best we've had because we have more quality point performers returning in eventsf' he said. Of the sixteen returners, ten are seniors with much experience. McClure feels that because it is an Olympic year track performers ever- ywhere will be giving everything in hopes of qualifying for trials held around the country that determine participants for the Olympic Games to be held in August. McClure feels USC has three defi- nite Olympic hopefuls in Wilson, Mike Sheley and Allen Shoultz. She- ley and Shoultz are proven inter- mediate hurdlers. Sheley who sat out last year with a leg injury has the school record in the 440 inter-medi- ate hurdles with a time of 52.2. Carolinais weakest area according to McClure will be in the pole vault- ing event. A jump of 17 feet is required for an athlete to qualify for 'the Nationals held every May. USC's school record is 15-4 and McClure feels it will be a while before the Gamecocks have a vaulter experi- enced enough to clear 17 feet. Gib- bes McDowell, Craig Cook and Tom Melton are the team's pole vaulters. McClure feels USC will be strong in the field events, experienced in the running events, and over-all an improved team this season. The future of track at USC, and elsewhere has suffered a setback according to McClure because of NCAA restrictions on the number of scholarships a school may have. Last August the NCAA member schools Q14-0 compete in Division lj voted to cut track scholarships from 23 to 14-. USC had been awarding 20 individ- 7 1 l F -.5 Q i hi every inch during his broad jump attempt at theAzgl1ldStat . DAN Clearing fifteen feet with a fiberglas rod, Gibbes McDowell suspends in mid-air in anticipation of reaching the ground. ual scholarships. "By reducing the number of scholarships from 23 to 14- we feel it is too drastic a step," McClure said. "Not only is this limitation going to hurt track and field, it is going to deny a lot of young people a college educationf' McClure has asked himself the question: "Do we want to keep a dual meet type team and get four guys to split up one scholarship, or do we recruit blue chip athletes and try to get national recognition?" Question answered: "I want to compete on a national level," McClure said. "I just don't want to recruit enough guys to compete with schools in our area." Coach McClure is in favor of USC rejoining the ACC. He feels it would help recruiting and give his players a more competitive atmosphere. "Being out of the ACC has hurt the university from a track point of view,', McClure said. "The high school athlete does not really feel like he is ready for national competi- tion, but they do feel very strongly they are ready to compete within a conference." "The qualifying standards for NCAA meets are much higher than are for conference meets," said. If we bring a fresh- in and he canit qualify for the his season is over in May. we could give him conference goals to work towards would be a great incentive for him. This summer in Montreal a few will come together from all the world. They will have been through their own individ- efforts from among the masses. has had other athletes at schools qualify for these ent competitive games. Just a USC thinclad will emerge from the crowd and bring a gold medal to his countryland. That is a dream within a dream. Yet it occu- pies the minds of many USC track performers. While McClure was complaining about injuries to his 1975 team he was also getting a large problem solved by having the track resurfaced. Tracksters had complained that the asphalt track had caused them to get bruises and other minor injuries when they prac- tic-ed. Numerous individuals challenged for All-America status but midway through the 1976 season it appeared that the gold of Montreal would be hard to come by as most of USCls strong performers were not living up to performances of a year earlier. Still. several records were broken at the Atlantic Coast Relays in March and Steve Wilson was challenging his record of seven feet in the high jump. There was hope for some, but not manv. With a 16-pound ball tucked safely in position, Jeff Fuge concentrates on a toss that earned him third place. 5' IIIE lllllIiE IIIBYIIIIIIII lllllllll TIIE TIIE lllll By Ray Cooper 6 . l I , ,.. ., .,.-., The Soloman Blatt Physical Education Center, now housing the year-old natatorium, stands on Wheat Street amid multitudes of tennis, basketball and intramural playing fields. The center has been USC's recreational plant for four years. Have you ever felt like a rat running through a maze, not knowing if you were ever going to escape? When one first enters the Solomon Blatt Physical Education Center at USC, that's proba- bly the feeling he will receive. The Blatt Center is a three-story every could building encompassing virtually kind of recreational facility one conceive of. lt definitely takes a while to learn your way around. However, after you do, there is no limit to your activity. With student apathy being the cur- rent "in thing" the P.E. Center does not fit into this pseudo-stereotyped cat- egory. ,lames P. Cooper, director of the center, said- that the facilities are well- used. Cooper noted, however, that the people using the center are "repeats," people who are seriously interested in athletics. Cooper would like to see a more diverse group taking advantage of the center. Freshman orientation classes and University 101 classes tour the center now. This is done to get new students better acquainted with the building," 108 Cooper explained. The building is also the site of Physi- cal Education classrooms. The center has seven classrooms and 17 full-time faculty members teaching physical edu- cation courses. Naturally P.E. classes have first priority for using the various facilities, but there is more than ample time for the other students to use the center. Probably the most popular activity inside the P.E. Center, although it requires a reservation, is racquetball. In addition to the six racquetball courts, the center has four squash courts and three handball courts. Squash and handball are more difficult to play than racquetball and therefore they are not quite as popular. The P.E. Center has a very sophisti- cated system for making reservations for the various courts. One may call the center starting at 8 a.m. on any given weekday to reserve a court for that same day. Reservationist Dixie Jordan receives 55 phone calls for court reservations between 8 a.m. and 8:15 on a typical KBHBBRIIDQGIHUW morning. This type of reservation sys- tem works quite well most of the time for the P.E. Center. Both Cooper and his assistant .l. Richard Ferriter have toured 12 major universities in an effort to get other ideas that will help the center operate more smoothly. Cooper and Ferriter said that N.C. State had a system for making court res- ervations that helped them adopt an alternative system. At N.C. State reser- vations begin at 3:30 p.m. Students line up and must make reservations in per- son. Cooper and Ferriter said they felt this system was too slow and confusing. Thus they arrived at the present system used at the Solomon Blatt Center. Outside tennis courts are also ff tures of the P.E. Center. ln 1973 thr new tennis courts were added to tl nine already there, but because of t increased interest in tennis, Coop said more tennis courts are needed. The current economic uncertain however, caused Cooper to be son what pessimistic about any other ad- tions to the center in the near-future. The features of the P.E. Center now, however, are more impressive than the most affluent health clubs. The only thing these health clubs have to offer that the P.E. Center does not is perhaps a sauna room and steam baths. Cooper said both of these additions have been suggested and are on the "wishing board." it l f:'1l'5 V. if i-,, l . . l x x his meow Deflecting herself from collision with the wall, Rhonda Carpenter returns a speeding racquetball during an early afternoon game. ws , ,gg 1- it Kip Culllv Kicking forward, Glynn Brown and Gloria Cummins propel themselves towards the edge of USC's natatorium. The new pool facility, which was first used this past summer, consists of an olympic-size pool with 10 lanes. The facility also features a separate diving area with a one-meter and a five-meter diving platform. There is an elevated area for spectators to watch the swim- mers and also an underwater observa- tion area for both the pool and diving pool. As if this was not enough, the pool area has doors that open and voila, an outdoor sun deck 341' X 160'. Needless to say, this is the largest indoor swimming facility in the state. So for such a distinction this facility is not referred to as merely a pool. To be 7 . illic- .rrarrr V Kip Oulllr Like seabirds, swim team members Jim Tingent Qtopj, Ray Klitzke fmiddlej and Don Simmons fbottomj spring into midair from the diving platform in the natatorium. more specific, one must call it a natato- rium. Now natatorium is one. of those polysyllabic words that college students sometimes try to use to impress some- one. Well the USC pool is undoubtedly worthy of being called a natatorium, but when you get right down to it, a natatorium is merely an indoor swim- ming pool. If you don't believe it check on page 764+ of Webster's eight edition dictionary. Cooper said that calling the facility a natatorium "just added a little some- thing." Cooper also noted that most other schools with pools of similar size also called their facilities natatoriums. Other areas featured at the Blatt Cen- ter are dance studios, archery instruc- tion, a mat room for wrestlers, a multi- purpose weight room and an olympic weight room with weights from Russia and Sweden, and indoor basketball courts. With the diversity of activities to choose from at the Solomon Blatt Cen- ter, no one should remain ostracized from participation in some type of activity. When you're frustrated and looking for some means of escaping the rat race that university life puts you through, why not try running through the maze at the P.E. Center. ltls not that hard to master your way around and once you do you won't even con- sider escaping. 109 I an IHILIEWCS 1: EdPBlW Sally Wilson awaits return shot from scholarship recipient Sue Smith in an afternoon practice. Womenis athletics at Carolina are entering a new era with the implemen- tation of the 1972 Education Amend- ment, Title IX. Title IX deals with admissions, treat- ment of students in education programs and activities, facilities, course offer- ings, counseling and counseling materi- als, financial assistance, employment assistance to students, health insurance benefits and services, textbooks and curricular materialg also the students are protected from being discriminated against because of their marital or parental status. But Title IX is also a plan that allows a woman an equal chance to be an athlete. This article is concerned with the athletics aspect of Title IX. This past July 21, Congress issued a reinterpretation of Title IX that gives colleges and universities three years to comply with the rules of Title IX. Sec- tion 86.4-1 of Title IX requires equal opportunity in athletic programs for men and women. Each educational 110 ly. ,PW ' I 'th fzfff-1 I y -ry . KID Cullsl Nancy White practices on her dive at the new natatorium in the Sol Blatt Physical Education Center. I a.. I I v ttrt I 2? fl l l. I-., . - mi Karl Banholofr-ww Coach Wendy Luce spots Laura Kostysshin during a floor exercise routine. Every weekday, the gymnasts perform floor exercises to preferred music. institution is instructed to conduct a self-evaluative planning program by July 21, 1976 that fully states what the school intends to do about the compli- ance of Title IX. Congress has listed specific factors which should be used to determine whether equal opportunity exists in its plan for its total athletic program. The university should keep the A lFDlU'l2II'l four --'EI ANCIE - .-I ,-A --can rv- -.-f' , 1, 4 ,f-'aiuL.a'w " Karl Barlhulomuw Women's volleyball team members prepare to smash their opponents in an evening encounter at the P.E. Center. nature and extent of the sports pro- grams to be offered fincluding the lev- els of competition, such as varsity, club, etc.,l in mind while planning the equal program. The provision of equipment and supplies and the scheduling of games and practices are also factors. The nature and extent of the opportu- nity to receive coaching and academic tutoring along with the assignment and compensation of coaches and tutors is listed. 'Also, the provision of travel per diem allowances and the provision of locker rooms, practice and competitive facili- ties and the provision of medical and training facilities and services are major factors which must be met. Therefore, the next three years will be spent in gradual improvement of something that is already started in women's athletics at Carolina. Athletic Director Harold "Bo" Hagan foresees hard times for the Ath- letic Department in the actual imple- mentation of Title IX. They are pres- ently struggling to end up in the black with the program that is in effect today, while at the same time trying to comply within the requirements of Title IX. Most schools are having enough finan- cial difficulties as it is and according to Hagan it will probably take 25 to 30 years before Title IX is a genuine effec- tive addition to women's athletics. The money it takes to produce the Klllallrlhclofhtwl Unlike male varsity players who receive 16 scholar- ships, only three USC women can play with team bas- ketball sponsorship. equal program demanded must come from the athletic department at Caro- lina. An increase from .154-1,000 to 369,000 for the women's athletic department this year is helping but the 19 scholarships that are in effect to women athletes are being funded through the same scholarship fund that the male athletes are on. The money for these scholarships comes directly from the Gamecock Club. Money from the Gamecock Club goes to scholarships and Coach Hagan explains that the money is not segre- gatedg it all goes into the same pot and is allocated according to the particular needs of each sportg both male and female. Title IX does present a severe finan- cial burden to the University while the government is offering all the guide- lines, so money is being appropriated to help solve the problem. Onepossibility is the curtailment of the men's program. For the past three 111 - t xx in IU' In +elr1ell2avl3E years the soccer and wrestling clubs have sought funds as a varsity sport. But this attempt has been hampered by the necessary improvements in the womenis program. According to Coach Hagan, it would be ridiculous to expand from seven to nine varsity sports and cut the women's program. And it is impossible at this time to do both. Until the funds are available soccer and wres- tling will remain club sports at Caro- lina, as men and women varsity sports struggle to keep their heads above financial waters. Carolina already has a good women's program started. Under the direction of Helen Timmermans, appointed director of w0men's athletics in January 19744, womenissports are on the upswing in popularity and competition. Being a part of the Athletic Department, every- .thing is now financed, even to travel national tournaments. The women have insurance, travel money and are fur- nished with university vehicles for com- petition away from Columbia. The women's program is also equip- ped with its own athletic trainer. Molly McGuire, a graduate student in Physi- cal Education, is serving in this capac- ity. Frankie Porter is the new Basket- ball coach, and Wendy Luce is the new Gymnastics coach. Ron Smarr is the women's Tennis coach as well as the men's Tennis coach. Frankie Porter also serves as the Softball coach. Vicki Hamilton, Volleyball coach, is cur- rently studying towards a doctorate degree. Alan Gentry is the Swimming coach and is being assisted by .laner Green, who was a member of the swim- ming team a year ago. She is now work- ing on her master's degree in Art Edu- cation. With this staff, Carolina is closer to complying with the rules of Title IX than ever before. The facilities, which are a major point of Title IX, have assisted the pro- gram at Carolina where the competition is improving every year. Timmermans foresees a change in people's attitudes towards women's ath- letics in the future. "People are chang- 112 ing with the times and soon they will accept the idea of women competing professionally and collegiatelyf, she said. Perhaps Title IX will help make everyone believers. Hagan and Timmer- mans admit good relations exist between the menis and women's ath- letic departments, citing cooperation and acceptance as two major factors. And acceptance, along with the "equal chance" are what the women's program needs. And "Bo" Hagan admits he enjoys the women's sports at Carolina. That's good to hear because he must have favorable attitudes if Title IX will meet federal standards when the "inspection team" comes to town in a few years. - By Billy Baker Tennis There -was a time when USC's women tennis did nothing more than lose. Well, last year a new coach inher- ited the job as part of her graduate assistant work. From all indications Frankie Porter received an "AN for her efforts. A team dominated by underclassmen finished with a record of 14-4-. The ten- nis giants of the Carolinas - Furman, North Carolina, and Davidson managed easy 9-0 wins over the Chicks. Furman did it to them twice which is the big rea- son why they are current state champi- ons. The chicks had their moments. A second place finish in the Carolina Ten- nis Day held in Spartanburg was impressive. All six of the team's singles players placed in the State Tournament at Furman to give USC a third place fin- ish among schools in South Carolina. A limited tennis budget minimized travel and kept the team within the state most of the time. "When we played out-of-state we would have to leave early in the morning, play our matches, and return late that night," Porter said. "This meant that events had to take place in one day for us to stay within our budget. It's not that we didn't have a sufficient supply of money, it's just that we had to be care- EGF! The practice tennis courts provide a suitable backdro: for this women's tennis team member's return shot. ful and make do with what we had," Porter said. Porter felt that the main reason for the successful season was team organi- zation. "The girls were not allowed to practice just whenever they found the time," Porter commented. "We set aside practice times every day. Organi- zation can make the difference for any team sport," she said. Last year's top six singles players consisted of Deedee Easler, Peggy Fowler, Mary Moorman, Sue Smith, Sue Stoll, and Susan Tinsely. The uni- versity's decision to award the women's athletic program 21 scholarships this year benefited two girls on this year's tennis team, Smith and Stoll. Smith was voted the team's "MVP.', Even in all the success, Porter is still realistic concerning the future. "We are really glad we can offer tennis to girls on a varsity level at USC," Porter said. "Although women's tennis has COYi1e a long way at Carolina, it still has an lot further to go, before we can reach the level of comparison to that lof' men's tennis," she said. This year's team will be coached by the men's varsity coach Ron Smarr. Smarr a natlve of Charlotte Jomed the Carohna staff IH 1971 He had coached at Wmgate Jumor College 1n North Car ohna where he won two natlonal Junlor college tltles He w1ll be asslsted by Kathy Gra ham She IS a former physlcal educatlon instructor at Belton Honea Path Hlgh School Wlth four of last year s top SIX play ers returnlng and under the able tute lage of Smarr th1s year s team could be just as competltlve ByHe1en Smith Volleyball Th1s years volleyball team f1n1shed w1th a 12 14 record malnly because of some tough compet1t1on played outslde of the state Agalnst teams ln South Carohna the volleyball team f1n1shed 107 and 1n several major tournaments outslde of the state the team d1pped to 2 5 Stlll flrst year coach V1ClC1 Hamllton was proud of the effort Co captam Annette Gibson spikes the volleyball ovcr the net for what she conslders an easy score --A- ,,,-i girl 'NN WRX L KIDCBQ Because of Tltle IX gLlldCllI'lCS females luke these volleyball team members have better opportumttes for scholar shrps than ever before We faced a lot of tough teams out stde the state she satd A grrl can be thln or fat tall or short but as long as she has some of the baslc fundamental skllls of the game and lS wrlllng to g1V6 100 per cent we can teach them every thlng else they need to know Leadersh1p and close team play were a part of the team ln 1975 Captams Annette G1bSOH and L1nda Copeland 1nsp1red the1r teammates to hustle and be determlned all season long Staters Lee Branch Mrdge Cloer Robm Dram Cheryl Grlndle Lauren Hugehs and V1Ckl Mann paced the attack all year And when they needed a rest substl tutes Darlene Benson Llsa Gore Sunle Jackson Paulette Marsha Susan Smxth and Verdel Taylor were ready to come The team only loses two performers to graduatxon th1s year Cloer and Cub son so 1f thls year was really a rebuild mg year It seems the foundatlon for greatness had been lald Cloer and Glbson were selected to the coveted All Star team after play rn the State Tournament USC flnlshed flfth 1n the state tour nament Wrth a good recrultlng year Hamllton IS hoprng to add three add1 tlonal scholarshrp performers to next year s team Beth Campbell 1 13 H ll H ,ll H. W., H Y f , , , 1 1 ' ' ' fx : A ' 'T to it " u 1 Y . 1 - ' ,7 , T' - ll t ' ' , - . ,, . I - ' . I 1 1 . 5 -V , 1 ' ' , 3 w, 'gh l. , , ,. . . . . , V will . . T ' ' . . I I 1 'X 1 . 4: , Q A l ll l s 7 .V l ' f . . l l l A ' ' J ' 5 ' .,,,, I X ' ' 1 f X N , - . V . , a 1 l 1 ' W . 1 X 'y 1. x' ' . U 11-11: U in t H. A hr K- .- s v . . . A I - ' 1 - . . L - x, -a . - -- l B ' ' f' l : X I 1 " V .ff . J 'lf Ki lv tt ', ' 1 " l , ' ' MJ qxh' 'lf' Htl, ll Y , . cr - ' 1 1 1 - 77 - re - , . , , ' III. 4 - . ,, . . . . A X . 1 1 1 ' 1 1 ' ' 1 1 1 ' IU' ll-I 'Ulf IEIIQANCIE Cymnas room, cl afford h the team in natio Pr expcnseb Gymnastics Winning five of eight meets in 1975 enabled the women's gymnastics team to finish second in the state and ninth among sixteen entries at the AIAW Regionals. Coach Helen Timmermans called the season an accomplishment because the team had been hit hard by graduation losses. A freshman, Patti Morris, came along and carried the team most of the season. She was the first gymnast in USC s history to qualify for the Nation- als but was not allowed to compete because the university could not afford to send her Timmermans gave up gymnastics to devote more time to her administrative duties as associate athletlc director for women s athletics She is succeeded by Wendy Luce a graduate student who coached the past four years in Ohio public schools after receiving her B S in physical education from Kent State in 1971 We expect to take the state champi onship and therefore qualify for regional competition Luce said about this season that concluded in March We have four girls who are above the others and with this depth l expect us to win most of our triangular meetsf' Morris, from Columbia joins two other talented gymnasts on this year's scholarship roster. They are Denise Nolan from Columbia and Laura Kos- tyshyn from Apalachin, N.Y. Morris qualified for the Nationals last year with a score of 8.1 in floor exercise. Over-all she finished fifth in individual competition at the Regional meet. Members of last year's team included veteran Wendy Parks, Karen Kaminar, Beth Lee Margaret Jordon Kim Dun- ham Heather Thomas and Patty Stotts Graduation took away Debbie Goforth and Lynn Finkelstein But wlth a lot of returnces and the addition of scholar ship performers Coach Luce should have an exciting season Luce was a member of the Kent State gymnastics team She said that because Ohio is such a good state for gymnastics she hopes she can sign girls from there in the future Joanne Bigelow has assisted with the gymnastics team the past two years The girls devote two hours each day during the week throughout the school year even though the season does not begin until February Practices and Scholarshlp performer Denise Nolan is spotted by her coach Wendy Luce before conducting one of her more interesting maneuvers on the parallel bars 4. llllil Ill! lllllllm Enholbflww home meets are held in the Sol Blatt P.E. Center. --By Billy Baker Softball Despite freshmen domination of the USC's women's softball team, a team batting average of .451 led the team to an 8-4- finish. This year,s team is expected to improve because all of last yearls per- formers are back, with the addition of three scholarship performers and post- season honors seem to be in their future Veteran Nona Kerr named the team s MVP and Most Inspirational Player returns to play her final year this spring She is Joined by other scholarship recipients ,lean Robbins from Hickory N C and Lauren Hughes from Orlando Fla Frankie Porter who coached the women s basketball team this past sea son will coach the softball team this spring Vicki Hamilton this year s vol leyball coach was softball coach last year I was real pleased we were able to go as far as we did with such an mexpe rienced team Hamilton said F IVC performers displayed excellent hitting Catcher Janice Wolfe led the team with a 704 average Kerr who played first base and shortstop batted 565 while left fielder Robbie McCrary hit 525 Freshman Karen Pappas with a 511 batting average hit and pltched excep tionally She established a school record with 11 strike outs in a 14-6 win over Claflin Kathy Bagham who played first base hit an even 500 for the season These five women were named to the All State team for South Carolina The Hinds Collegetown tournament ln late March gave the Chicks two of mond Miss presented a third place fin ish for the team After losing to Delta State twice by the scores of 7 6 and 10 8 the chicks defeated Southern Missis s1pp1 and Mississippi College 15 4 and 108 respectively During the tourna 115 3 7 7 7 1 , , . . . . . . 7 . . - - Q e ee 97 ce - - n Q - 1 1 77 1 . 7 7 , , - . I . . . . . 9 7 9 ' 7 ' ' , . . . , U , 1 a n u , 1 U , , . . . . . , . , , , . . . I . , I . . . ,, . . u 1 , - ff ,, . . . . . . . . . 7, - . 1 7 ' l . 7 , , 5 ' :'- 'I V' -,'- . ' ,n lv ' ' 7 ' ' - "-HN, . . - . . vox, , I , 7 , . itil ll' Y L- 5. . , lg' 1. , . , V, L" f their defeats. However, the trip to Ray- Frui W Z, W , - . . - . - 0515333211 ' . ' .LJ ' ' fi-esef:2r11s U L - ' - ' - KAN I1 A141 ment USC was awarded the "Sports- manship Awardfi At the state tournament USC defeated Claflin and Coker, 16-3 and 16-6, but lost to Winthrop- 8-3 in a game that decided the state champion. Women's softball has established a winning tradition since its founding four years ago. In 1974 they were nationally ranked. With a carry over of last year's dedi- cation and a few breaks, this year's team could bring back old memories of that national recognition. -By Ann Ross Swimming w Mark Alexander Nancy Grimm kicks hard in her race to the finish in the 500-yard freestyle. Every coach strives for a winning record. Swim coach Alan Gentry has never coached a losing women's swim team in the four years he has been at USC. In 1975 the women's swim team went undefeated in dual meet competi- tion and compiled a 9-0 record. In addi- tion they won the Southern Intercollegi- ate Swimming and Diving Champion- ships and the Intercollegiate Athletics for Women meet. It was a team that qualified four of its members for the national meet. Nancy Grimm, a scholarship swimmer, quali- fied in the 200 yard freestyle, 400 yard 116 if I4 flI'I FWEIIQANC If y Mau wamnuu In search of victory, women swimmers from both USC and Brenau College stretch for every inch as the race against time begins. medley and freestyle relays. Cricket Robbins had qualifying times in the 100 and 200 yard individual medley and freestyle relays. Lynn Marshall showed her ability in the 50 and 100 yard butterfly, and the 200 and 400 yard medley and freestyle relays. Joan Ackerman qualified in the 200 and 4-00 yard medley and freestyle relays also. The 1976 swimming team continued a winning tradition by defeating five of its first six opponents. The only team to defeat them was the University of Geor- gia in a close contest. Other impressive wins over Brenau, 80-51, and South Florida, 76-55, made the early season loss less painful. The new natatorium proved to be a Diver Nancy White balances in the depths of the natatorium after a successful dive. friendly place for the women's swim team. Several records were established or broken by USC swimmers at the ultra modern facility. Freshman Tina Hasselburg qualified for the Nationals in the 200-yard individual medley with a time of 2:16 against South Florida. In the same meet she was named Game- cock of the Meet after placing first in the 50, 100, and 500 yard freestyles. In diving competition USC was led by junior Nancy White, a Columbia native who began her career at the age of 12. She is currently the record holder in both the one and three meter dives at USC. Against Brenau White recorded a record 191 points in the one meter dive and a record 222 points for the three meter dive. Lynn Smith is another proven per- former. She hopes to have qualified for the Nationals by the end of this season in butterfly competition. Sue Hite, .lodie Rae Peterson and B. Z. Giese are other notables on the team, but everyone on the team performs hard in order to win. For 1975 and Denise Nanney. the women's basketball team's leading scorer for 1975 hits from 10 feet out. through half of this year's season the team had compiled a record of 14--1. Not bad at all. Janet Green, a graduate assistant, helped Gentry coach the womenis swim team at USC. She said the women swimmers were often encouraged by the men's team because both teams usually practice at the same time and the women swim- mers serve as statisticians during men's competition. In 1976 women's swim- ming was becoming popular at USC. - By Beth Campbell Basketball Womens basketball at USC experi- enced a number of things in 1975-76. Through 11 games the Chicks were outscored by less than one point per game. 76.1 to 75.8. yet a mere record of 4-7 shown. First year coach Frankie Porter seemed to understand the problems of the team and her dedication was always more than obvious. "Most good athletes used to eome to big schools to play because no one was given st-holarsliips.u Porter said. "Now, schools like Anderson Junior College and Francis Marion are giving scholar- ships and girls know they can go there and start right away." "USC once dominated the sport of womens basketball in the state because it was a big university. but now the competition is more competitivefi she said. "The fact that other schools are willing to spend as much money on womens basketball as USC is has made things tough on us." The team was comprised ol several veteran players. Charlene Dubose, was now a senior. but it took more than half the season for her to really recover from an earlier knee operation. Through 11 games she was the teams sec-ond leading scorer with an average of 1-l-.3 points per game. The teamls leading scorer was senior Denise Nan- ney. who paced the team with 18.2 and 141.2 points and rebounds per contest. Senior Martha Suber averaged 10.4 points per game following the team's impressive 88-74 win over Vorhees on Feb. 2. The close frames 'tended not to favor P the Chicks. It was a case of missing Heavily defcnsed by two Tar Heelcttes, Paula Work- man shoots in close to the net. key shots in certain games," Porter said. "There were times when our shooters were very cold." Porter said that she felt the teamls desire to hustle and win even after three consecutive losses during the season showed they had a lot of character and determination. The Chicks made two appearances in the Carolina Coliseum late in the season against Anderson .lunior College and the College of Charleston. Other members of the learn included Maureen McCayley, who scored 26 points in one game and ,laniee Wolfe who led the team in rebounding against S.C. State early in the year. Sally Walker. Paula Workman and Betsy Scott were substitutes during the year. Karen Pappas. Brenda Paulk. Candace, and Cindy Attaway rounded out the ros- ter for a team that improved as the sea- son went along. - By Billy Baker 1 1 7 4444 4 , 44 4 I ' 44514 4 44 ' 'Wwww 4. '44S1g444'g44'gg444 5?445?4454' 4 V 44 044 05Vw5:." 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A444' f l 9 bb'4',Q'4 ' ' 4'4b Annulling the Divorce by Billy Baker On May 27, 1975 the Intercol- legiate Activities Committee rejoin the ACC in the June 26th issue of the summer Gamecock. "It recommended to the full board of trustees that USC President Wil- liam Patterson be empowered to negotiate for the university's return to the Atlantic Coast Con- ference QACCJ. Two weeks later, on June 11, a statement was released indicating the board had reacted favorably to the committee's request. The statement said that Carolina was exploring possible reaffiliation with the ACC. After 1971 USC withdrew from the conference over a disagreement with eligibility requirements for athletes. At that time USC officials indicated the departure was only temporary. The same day a statement released from the ACC Com- missioner's office in Greensboro, N.C. claimed a meeting between conference athletic directors "was the first time there has been any real discussion about expansion of the conference itself." Commissioner Robert James called the meeting a very free and open exchange of information and philosophy on expansion, "including the possibility of the University of South Carolina rejoining the conferencef, V "We are now assessing South Carolina's interests in reaf- filiation and other expansion possibilities and will be mak- ing responsible recommendations to the various institu- tions," James said. Patterson explained why he felt the university should William Patterson 118 was very obvious that many of the seats in the Coliseum were vacant this past basketball season," he said. "Now, those seats may have been sold, but the fans were not interested in driving to the games or the stu- dents were not interested enough to pick up the ticketsf' Patterson was referring to the lack of strong rivalries in most of USC's competition in basketball. One pre-season basketball publication, Basketball Weekly, rated USC's schedule 82nd in degree of difficulty this past season. ACC competition could help increase interest in USC basketball. "Also there is a feeling among the academically inclined around the university that rejoining the ACC would make for better public relations with what we still regard our sis- ter institutions," Patterson said. "We are prepared to rejoin the ACC from both a competitive and academic point of view." On July 1 a prominent member of the board of trustees revealed an important reason he felt the university was seeking to rejoin the conference. The trustee insisted that his name not be revealed because he felt all communications on the ACC issue should be related through President Patterson. The source said that during the spring of 1975 USC bas- ketball coach Frank McGuire and his top assistant Donnie Walsh were approached by several major Independents desiring to form a private basketball association. The idea Robert James of such an assoclatton grew from the NCAA s reluctance to extend addltlonal 1nv1tat1ons to Independents for post sea son play offs The source sald that the Board of Trustees became lnter ested ln rejomlng the ACC after 1t dlscovered that USC s basketball program had serlous 1ntent1ons of Jo1n1ng a pnvate assoclatlon I know that Presldent Patterson told Coach MCGUIYC that should the basketball program Joln a prlvate HSSOCIH tlon xt would box 1n other sports at USC to remaln 1nde pendent the source Sald It dldn t seem very practlcal at Walsh conf1rmed the source rn a later 1nterv1ew We were defmltely contacted by two dlfferent groups seekmg to form a basketball assoc1at1on that would determme a repre sentatlve to the NCAA play offs Walsh sald Obvlously It was apparent that NCAA d1dn t g1ve many Independents b1dS th1s past season 11975 It would have been an assoc1at1on s1m1lar to the Eastern Colleglate Athletlc Conference Walsh sald A prlvate basketball assoclatlon was formed and sanc tloned by the NCAA th1s past season The new Metropol1tan Basketball ASSOCIHIIOH members are St Louls Lou1sv1lle Georgla Tech Memphls State C1nc1nnat1 and Tulane Whlle Walsh d1dn t deny USC s lnterests 1n the prlvate assoc1at1on he d1d say that he could not understand why or how that clrcumstances could have prompted actlon by the One lnfluenttal trustee adm1tted he dtd not advocate USC seeklng to eJo1n the ACC Bob Peters chalrman of the Intercolleglate ACIIVIIICS Commlttee on Athletlcs sa1d We are th1nkmg ln terms of all sports when we thmk of return mg to a conference I have a lot of personal feelmgs about the matter but as a member of the Board of Trustees I have to thlnk 1n terms of what IS best for everyone We have made our w1shes known to the ACC Commls sloner and we are now wa1t1ng on a response from hlm Peters sald However these thlngs take t1me and we real 1ze th1s The 1ssue of USC s deslre to return to the ACC was com phcated by bemg the only school to ever leave the confer ence and try to rejom Accordlng to ACC bylaws three sponsors are needed from among the seven member schools before a school can make a formal appllcatlon for admls s1on Perhaps th1s explaxns Patterson s statements m the .luly 24-th 1ssue of the Gamecock Actually we have never formally apphed for re entry 1nto the ACC Patterson saxd We have been explormg the matter unoff1c1ally We lntend to explore lt further at the speclally called NCAA meetlng of schools ln August At that t1me It was obv1ous that the only school support mg USC s deslre to re3o1n the ACC was Clemson ACCOYd1Hg to Patterson at that t1me the unlverslty was stlll commum catlng only wlth the comm1ss1oner s off1ce not off1c1als at ACC schools It was not untll the fall semester began that USC began pol1t1ck1ng for re entry by seeklng support from ACC schools ACC by laws state that the faculty athletlc cha1r man at each school IS the votlng party 1n admlsslon 1ssues USC IS represented 1n th1S area by Dr John Wllloughby ln late September 1t was reported that USC had secured the requlred three votes for sponsorshlp but nelther Wll loughby nor anyone else would conf1rm th1s At least f1ve schools must vote for a school before admlsslon IS gamed Durmg the summer of 1975 Dr Robert Bryan faculty chalrman at NC State explalned what he wanted to know about USC 1n 1ts deslre to reJo1n the ACC I have not recexved a portfoho on South Carollna to date Bryan Sald ln that portfollo I would llke to know We are prepared to re1o1n the ACC from both a oompet1t1ve and academlc pomt of VIEW why South Carol1na w1shes to IGJOIII the ACL what are 1ts attendance flgures at 1ts sportlng events and under what condltlons d1d they wlthdraw from the ACC several years a o In other developments concermng the ACC ISSUC 1t was learned from a USC coach that all coaches were told by the board of trustees to express favor 1n the un1vers1ty s deslre to rejom the ACC 1f querled on the toplc by the news medla .hm Carlen USC s new football coach seemed to be most 1n favor of I'6J01I'l1Ilg the ACC The most cautlous opln ACC competltlon 1n the f1rst place USC s athletlc d1rector Harold Bo Hagan sald he was for USC reJo1n1ng the ACC because the NCAA seemed blased towards Independent schools lnsofar as play off berths Hagan also sald that USC needed more r1valr1es of closer geographlcal proxlmlty Pr1or to th1s year s football season attendance drops had been felt by both the blg money makers football and bas ketball In 1971 USC s last 1n the ACC an average of 12 523 fans vlewed 11 home games ln 1975 as an Inde pendent an average of 10 738 V1CWCd 15 home games When USC won the ACC football crown 1n 1969 all home games were sold out At that t1me the stadlum could hold 42 000 Suffer1ng through a 4 7 season m the fall of 1974 the average home game never reached 40 000 1n a sta dlum enlarged to accommodate 54 000 Clemson athletlc dlrector B111 McLellan explalned USC s dxlemma ln wantmg to reJo1n the ACC slmply Thlngs have changed a lot m the past several years to beneflt them want lng to get back 1nto the ACC he sald The 800 rule that provoked USC 1nto leavmg the ACC has been dropped and the more reasonable NCAA rule of a projected 2 0 grade polnt average now apphes 1n the el1g1 b1l1ty of athletes for ACC competltlon Athletes used to be requlred to have a mrmmum score of 800 on the1r college board exams to be able to compete 1n the ACC When the ACC commrssloners met 1n February It was declded that the business of USC s Jolnlng would have to be delayed untll May when the dlvorce may f1nally be annulled , , , . . . 1 1 1 . Q 7 ' ' ' ' - 7 ,, . . . ,, . . . . . . QQ ' ' ' 7 ' 1 ' 1 77 ' CE ' 7 I EY ' ' ' , . an yy 77 - er ' ' . , . . . . . ,, 1 . . . . P H , , ' 77 ' EQ- ' ' . , , . ,, . 5 . . ' . . J 7, - . . - . . -, -, . l ' 1 ,, . . . . . . . 7 . . ,, . . . . . , . . . . H g .,, . . 2 Q . , . . Q . 9 . , , . . . . , . . . , , . . . . . . . . . . . , . . , , , . . . . . . ,, . ,, . trustees to rejoin the ACC. ions came from McGuire who has never been in love with . 1' . . . , . . ,, ,, . ' 7 . . .. . . . ,, . . . 7 . ,, . . . R . . . . . , . 7 s o n n , . ,, . . ' , - ec - ' 1 - ' ' 1 1 . . . . ,, . 1 1 - . ' . ,, . . . - 1 ' 1 1 - ' ' 79 ' . , . , , I 7 n . - . . ' , ' - , . . .... . . ,, . . . . , . . 1 , . . . ,, . . , , Q! ' - IQ 17 u n 9 ' 7? ' Cf ' , . . . V . 7, . . I , , . 1 5 . '. . . , l V . . . . , - . . . . . , 7 7 - . , . . . ee - - - 99 - I Jann Gray Two sport parachutists light in a clearing near Lugoff in the last glow of the day. CLUB SPCDRTS: A LIVELY ENDANGERD SPECIES Club sports at USC are caught at a bad moment in time. Not only has the state general assembly cut the universi- ty's budget, a congressional bill known as Title IX is demanding that women have an equal chance to participate in athletics. This cost money and club sports will inevitably suffer at the growth of the women's athletic pro- gram. Still, with limited funds club sports remain a great part of athletics at Carolina. On the following pages most of USC's club sports are profiled. Each member of the Carolina community is encouraged to join a club sport. With added interest in club sports it is likely budgets will not be out as bad. PARACHUTING Exhilaration. That is the word most people use to describe the USC Sport Parachute Club. Parachutists say there is nothing to compare with the com- plete freedom of flying through the air. The Sport Parachute Club, with half of its 57 members jumping regularly, brought recognition to USC in 1974- by 120 finishing fifth in the national meet at Deland, Florida. This year the team will be unable to compete in the nationals because of a lack of funds. The club also participates in all of the Carolina Council Meets each year in North and South Carolina. A meet has three areas of competition, accuracy, style and relative work. Safety is a consideration of every parachutist. Before anyone can jump he must complete 12 hours of training on the ground. During training a student learns how to pack his own chute, how to fall correctly and how to land without injury. Training also includes what to do in case of a malfunction. A beginner must make a minimum of five static- line jumps before he is allowed to pull his own ripcord. Even with training, injuries occur. The most common injury among para- chutists is sprained ankle. This is caused by an improper landing. Panic causes most injuries. People can be taught how to land but until they actually do land, it is hard to tell how they will react. In the six years the club has existed no injuries have been caused by faulty equipment. No fatalities have been recorded. Parachuting is one sport in which size or sex does not matter. However, there are three classes of jumpers. Nov- ice class is from freefall through 400 jumps. Intermediate is from 401 to 1,000 and advanced is from 1,000 up. At club meetings movies are shown and the club hears different speakers from such organizations as the Federal Aviation Administration and the Weather Bureau. These speakers help educate parachutists on rules and how to enjoy parachuting safely. Beside providing training for new parachutists, the club also has its own equipment for members to use. USC uses the drop zone at Lugoff because it is near Columbia. However, some parachutists enjoy a trip to Char- lotte or Raeford, North Carolina for a weekend of jumping. Robert Trimmier, a junior from West Columbia was this year's club presi- dent. -By ALRICMIXON 1 f' ff 'VI' J I . z w , 'M Ls H 'Q 'A - . ww.. L , ' - r" V " ' W F 'I W , , is N .A kj! Q rl, .X 7i - x -fs , i 1 5 F V, . . Ll t N j j 1 G 5 W . ' .-I , .MX A fb ,M MQW V ' A A M at N Y , ' 1' f fq1mww" ,f , ' , 0' , 5 If' ,f L if A jr ' 1 'I . k N . if I If fy! ' ' .V ff Q' , ,f ,, M , f ' ' NIM - ' M MW E ma. M uvwr?w W Q W AH WW' MMM- N W NZ' ZW . - ,,' .,,w vm, ', f Mmm, Y, A ,In mg slg Qs1yg:,r1QQ2m-9gnlrnu,u mud:-m 1-hmm Q, X P :falls fmey Qhfbungh 1llw'4-air-uuxil' '1he-lu'wJ- . L" ,"1,A'1f3 ' ' 1birkCdSEVhim5ielf',fivrliffuclifrvg. v ' . ft -, . 1 - Q Q E xl : V- I 1 X - IN Y, -:Z-, " U ml v , .A 1 'X ,V 'U 5' K,,!,!-- my 1:5 Wg, Q- 4' -'LH ' ' . I - N ,N ,N ,lu iz f , ,Q ,Q t, 5. .N M ,A , ,. 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J-ui mv:-1 f - 4 135,-gHE.L.L,1g -'-1Jxg.fH5n:i ii,::f,:f5fg Lif,4izT:.w.gf,, ,1UYig .5 .5 ,J , ww I N ,Ef- Rg ,L 'S Kms " ,Y . I ,., a , 1 'ix X. M P mi X A. : ' w ' . A , . ' J , f f n , - 1 I I JJ. ' Q '. f'5iE"A '-,,R1',- 12151-' ' 5' '13-Qgt W M :sjjhgg2E?'g1 f1R, gfLZ 2335 M W M , at ' vw uv fm I I-ru? mm' mx ' ff .wwf ww 'waz mmm ww ww M ww M W ,, M 'AEWH M. M: 32 Wugm K5LMgf1Q"XZ3.7WggZE 0' M K U H Y vw. VV W Nm W W w N " v . 1 -. ' nw. .f L .Y.- ,.- N w ,. lr ,fm ' , w' -U mf,-.zz 1 .5 V -yu ,Lg . URL L nl "f M I' L 1 X1 Y y I - M n 21'-.Ht.L. .V N1 ,elif :Q-1": W' ' Y V-, ,wa . mm" "v:."'f " -Q.,,.,C,, .,,,gw L. ld ' n Mi' J ' 1 X Y . aw 11?-ff:1-f5l:--6.-A 3' 'J , ' 4 A 3, - fe - , A V 0737 M7 M 0 X V FM If ,M D N- M H , WM , W M My ,W 1 X A H M Y . 1 Holding frozen in his body English, Steve Adams watches his hall sweep off all but the first pin. On New Yearls Day USC's rnen's bowling club placed seventh in the Las Vegas New Yearis Day Invitational Tournament. It proved that UlS'C's bowling club was one of the stronger teams in the coantry among the Held of 50. Bowl- ing team captain Matt Culbertson said the field of competi- T KB!! Baflhnlumew tion consisted of the "largest and undoubtedly the best in collegiate bowling. " BOWLI N G The Carolina bowling club, hoping to improve on their 15th place national finish in 1974, returned seven of nine bowlers for this year's competition. The return of Matt Culbertson, Steve Adams, Ken Skenes, Scott Heide, Jerry Owens and Ralph Brown added experi- ence to this year's club, which made it to the semi-finals in last year's Associa- tion of College Unions-International fACUIJ competition. The team won the regional competition, but lost a roll-off that determined who would go to the national tournament. "Our team is chosen from the top bowlers in the league,'l said Culbertson, the club president, "and a member has to bowl in the league. That kind of rules out going out and recruiting somebody? A member of the Southeastern Inter- collegiate Bowling Conference QSIBCJ, Carolina' bowls North Carolina A Sz T, North Carolina-Charlotte, Armstrong State, The Citadel, and St. Andrews on 122 Karl Bavthblomsw Bowling Club president Malt Culthertson, also one of the club's prize players. tests him- self on a warm-up in Star Lancs. this year's home-and-home schedule. The club also competes in the Las Vegas New Yearls Invitational during Christmas break, the Hillsboro Commu- nity College Tournament and the Savannah Invitational in Savannah, Ga. The Region Five tournament, which Carolina won last year, was in February in Knoxville, Tenn. lf the USC club wins there they would compete in another roll-off for the National Bowl- ing Spectacular. "The National Bowling Spectacular only takes eight teams ACUI, so we have to roll-off to see who goesfi Cul- bertson said. "We,re still trying to get it where our SIBC conference goes, but that will be hard to dofi As a club sport, the Carolina bowlers are funded by the Student Allocations Committee and is not affiliated with the National Collegiate Athletic Associa- tion. - By GEORGE MORRIS Her fingertips bandagecl, a female bowler spins the ball across the alley for a spare. Karl Elarlholomsw Ed Fdlfy The Flying Club president, Robert Sumwalt, teaches a beginner to read the gauges. FLYING CLUB After eight to fifteen hours of flight instruction a member of USC,s flying club is allowed to fly and land an air- plane without anyone with them in the airplane. Because members can learn to fly quickly the flying club is one of the more popular club sports at the univer- sity. Chartered in October 1974 the club has 40 members. "lf we launched a membership cam- paign we could easily attract 75 mem- bers," said club president Robert Sum- walt. "However, we would like to freeze memberships to 50 if possiblef, Two Cessna airplanes are owned by the club. They were purchased with the university's assistance and the club has been paying back part of the loans through club revenues. Dues are 3535 per semester and each member is required to pay flight instruction fees each time they fly the plane. "The main incentive we offer people is the fact that we offer flight training at a lower rate than our competition," Sumwalt said. "Most flight instruction schools charge a person 3515.50 for training. We operate at costs and can provide the same services, with an instructor, for 3510.50 per hour." Most people who join the club don't have previous experience flying air- planes. To qualify for club membership a person needs only a third class medi- cal certificate issued by a physician. The club's main goal is to promote interest in flying among students, fac- ulty and staff. "Our goal is to teach peo- ple how to fly," Sumwalt said. The club is headquartered at Owens Field, an eight minute drive from cam- pus, according to Sumwalt. At Owens Field the club has its own control tower and a building where equipment and supplies are stored. Sumwalt said that most flying club members find it easy to manuever an airplane. "Flying is not so much a men- tal or physical thingf' he said. "Like anything you have to become proficient at it.', Once a student joins the club they can fly as often as they desire. "We recommend a member fly twice a week, but some are eager to learn, and fly as often as three or four times a weekf' Sumwalt said. On their first solo flight members are required to do two touch and go's, that is to land the plane on the ground with- out stopping, and then ascending back into the air. They then circle around Owens Field and come in for a landing. "After a member finishes their first solo flight we cut their shirt tailsf' Sumwalt said. Of the club's 440 members 30 are males. Ten members of the club are fac- ulty and staff members. A student will spend around 3600 learning and mastering flying techni- ques each year. Sumwalt said the goal of members is to gain enough experi- ence to get a pilot's license. This allows one to fly small airplanes with few restrictions. Members of the club fly cross coun- try after showing they are qualified. The 300 mile trip touches into the heart of Georgia and leads northward into North Carolina before concluding in Columbia. - By BILLYBAKER sunny Sumwalt and a new member examine the pivotal axle of the plane's front wheel. SOCCER You're a member of a university non-varsity sport. You're good and you know it, because match after match, you leave your man sprawling on the turf as you keep the ball hemmed deep inside enemy territory. And suddenly, your teammates explode in jubilation, arms raised high, as the opposing goalie dives fruitlessly to stop another suc- cessful shot. But in the back of your mind, as the sweat trickles down and burns your eyes, you know that you're not getting the fair break your team actually deserves. As far as the NCAA is con- cerned, you don't exist, your efforts don't really count. But you shake it off anyway, dart for the ball again, and play like hell. Because you do exist. lt's a frustrating business, Carolina soccer, but, as anyone of the Gamecock booters will tell you, also a very satisfy- ing one. When the controversial Title IX Amendment was passed into law, the future looked bleak for USC soccer, as well as for other club sports, of becoming varsity. Title IX, the ruling which called for equal funding appro- priation between men's and women's sports, slashed into the athletic depart- ment budget, cutting back on some pro- grams and eliminating the prospects of 123 tg 'I . , , , , . V XXX k M IJ '- f mr I WM 'Q X ' wwwxx ww 7 wwvvwws www -. , J- -- -- -Ml vw xam z:rH I mm . 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Swan asslsls' Muvin in a sea of le s and ressure, USC and Columbia Bible College players form a scrum, the massive grouping of forwards Kenny Jefferson sends the ball spinning into the nel in an adept avoidance ofa Columbia Bible College defender and the goalie. KIUC Ili? l l ,. e 9 I Y 4 1'unlinut'd financing additional ones. Petition drives, Gamecock Club support, and the ability to draw fans have, to date, gone for naught. Yet, despite the obstacles, the soccer club has been one of the university's most consistent winning sports. In 1973, the booters swept the Southeast- ern Soccer Classic, beating some varsity squads in the process. In 1974, the Gamecocks went 11-4-1, winning every contest in the Classic again, only to be robbed of the crown by a most ques- tionable technicality. And in 1975, Carolina was getting off to another impressive start. In the '74 tourney, incidently, all USC starters were offered athletic scholarships by the University of Alabama at Hunts- ville. So successful has the soccer pro- gram become, in fact, that Carolina has had repeated trouble in scheduling wary varsity opposition. The reasons behind the progress cen- ter on a nucleus of seasoned mainstays and an amazing young coach who knows the game better than most of the referees. Club president Tim Hankin- son, his brother Mike, Pete Heath, Carl Sebris are just a few of the names that run the attack. Kenny Jefferson, a defensive wizard at the goalie slot, was shifted to forward as the '75 campaign began, making room for freshman Paul Bristol, who passed up a scholarship offer to play at Carolina. But when you want offense, the name that comes to mind is John Rosier. Rosier, a friendly but usually reserved type, led the team in scoring as a freshman, dumping in 19 goals. As a sophomore, he poured in 27 more. And he raced off to another sizzling start in his junior year. He's quick. I-Ie looks for the score everytime he gets the ball, and when he doesn't bang it in, he gets down on himself hard. But he'll never be an All-Ameri- can in the eyes of the NCAA. And then there's Yank Albers, undoubtedly one of USC's more color- ful coaches, who can do everything with a soccer ball but eat it. And some of his players arenit sure he can't. Unfortu- nately, most spectators aren't afforded the privilege of listening to Albers work out on the sidelines during a match. He snarls, he laughs hysterically at refer- ees, he cuts his men down, and he 126 John Guy The ground thousands of feet below her Betty White appears calm. This parachute club member is experiencing her 231st jump. builds them up. He's the coach. While wealthy donors dump in finan- cial contributions by the truckload on the astroturf and the tartan floors, where politics play awesome roles in athletic department maneuvering, the USC Soccer Club rolls on virtually unnoticed, except by its fans. And the Carolina booters quietly continue to do what they do best - win. - By BILL Y cox SAILING After last year's successful turnout, the sailing club stood beaming over its newly found fame. Membership has more than tripled since the summer of 1974-. Yet this year, the club had an even greater number of members to attest to the sport's popularity. An esti- mated 120 sailors hopped aboard the club this fall and have either qualified or are in the process of qualifying for sailing the six sunfish, four 4-20's, or four penguin boats the club owns. The boats are docked at Lake Murray and after a student has paid dues and quali- fied his boat, he can sail anytime with- out paying rental. The basic function of the club is to teach people how to sail and to get them interested in the sport. Classes for beginners are held on Sundays at the beginning of the fall semester and at the end of the spring semester. For the more advanced boatman, the club offers a sailing team that competes against top teams throughout the year. USC's sailing club is a member of the Southern Intercollegiate Sailing Associ- ation QSAISAJ, an organization consist- ing of schools from Virginia, North Car- olina, and Georgia. Each school hosts a regatta fsailing racej twice per year. Carolina hosted the team championship this past year. Because of an outstand- ing fall season, the Gamecocks were selected to represent SAISA in the Sugar Bowl regatta held in New Orle- ans. In contrasts to the demands of colle- giate racing, the club offers a fantastic voyage over spring break. Due to the success of last year's adventure, a one- week sailing trip to the Bahamas has become an annual event with the club. In March of this year a 68 foot and two 54 foot long motor sailors, manned with USC's skippers and crews, went to Miami where they set sail. A 35150.00 fee covered everything, including the train fare to Miami. As in the past, the club's success is expected to continue to allow them to breeze by opponents. The quality and growing quantity of the sailing club is going to be hard to match on any level. At least a trip to the Bahamas is hard to match. - By SALLY WILSON WRESTLING There are two things needed to improve the status of USC's wrestling club according to Walter Wolfe, one of the club's stronger members: publicity and money. Well, money can make things hap- pen for sure. Publicity usually follows those teams that have enjoyed great success in their field of competition. As a club sport the wrestling club has little hope of greatness because they have to compete with womenis sports for funds from the Student Allocations Commis- sion QSACJ. Therefore, it seems logical that the wrestling club is not nationally known. "Since we are a club most people donit want to waste their time watching us compete," Wolfe said. "I honestly believe things would be different if we received more publicity and money." Five years ago the wrestling club began. The team practices in the Sol Blatt Physical Education Center on weekdays in the late fall and early win- ter. "People have to realize that the only other club we wrestle is Clemson," Wolfe said. "Most teams have varsity statusf, The club is coached by Mike Mclntyre, a graduate student from Cali- fornia. According to Wolffe the club is lim- ited in its quality of performers. Bobby Edwards is the team's best bet in the 190 weight class, having won more than half of his matches in 1975. Phil McKee had a 15-14 record in the 150 pound class in 1975. Wolfe had the team's best record with a 17-7 overall performance in the 167 pound class. In the 158 pound class Bill Krouse is con- sidered a tough competitor. John Thompson is the team's threat in the heavyweight division. "I don't worry about the future," Wolfe said. "I enjoy what I am doing and I would still be just as determined if I were getting paid to perform." - BILLY BAKER RUGBY Inexperience in the backfield and the departure of several key players during the fall schedule hurt the Rugby clubs chances for success, but this spring a new coach and the addition of several former USC football players bolstered the team's chances of improving for the year. The team posted a 2-8 fall record. However, in their first match at the beginning of the spring they took a 10-6 win over the Greenville Rugby Club. Following this match the team went on to challenge such schools as N.C. State, Florida, Richmond and the Citadel. The team also appeared in the Mardi Gras Rugby Invitational on Feb. 29 where some 64 teams competed from around the country. The club is coached by Jean Pierre Chambose, a Frenchman. New officers for the club elected in January include: president - Larry Chesure, vice-presi- dent - Irwin Bazzle, secretary - James Stewart and treasurer - Ray Gladden. With their football careers complete three members from USC's 1975 foot- ball team joined the rugby team in the spring. They were former tight end Brian Nemeth, former running back Tommy Amerin, and former linebacker Andy Nelson. -ByBILLYBAKER LACROSSE When freshman Mark Vann came to USC from his native Montville, N.J. this year he had an intense desire to establish lacrosse as a club sport at Car- olina. After months of diplomacy Vann, along with the help of several friends convinced university officials and mem- bers of the Student Allocations Com- mission KSACJ to approve a charter for the club. "Lacrosse is an old indian sport that started in northwestern Canada long ago," Vann said. "The indians used the sport as a test of courage and bravenessf, The object of lacrosse is similar to that of hockey. However, instead of one passing a rubber ball over the surface of a plane, one simply.passes a rubber ball through the air towards a net. A special basket-like stick is used to sometimes hurl the ball at speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour. "It's the fastest sport on two feet," Vann said. Carolina's lacrosse team is presently a member of the Southeastern Lacrosse League. The eight team league consists of: The Citadel, Clemson, Georgia, Georgia Tech, University of the South, Vanderbilt, and the Atlanta Lacrosse Club. Vann is presently treasurer and coach of the club. Ned Miller, of Spar- tanburg is president. This past spring the club played each member in the conference. The team has more than 30 members. - By BILLY BAKER BOXING After a third place finish in the East- ern Collegiate Boxing Association QECBAJ championships in 1975 USC's boxing club is determined to finish number one in 1976. After all they were the only team that defeated Westchester State, a team that won the eastern regionals champion- ship in 1975. During the 1975 season Gamecock boxers also defeated the Col- lege of Charleston twice and the Cou- gars managed to finish second in the regionals, one step ahead of USC in the ECBA championships. In 1976 the club started out with impressive wins. Against the Baptist College and the College of Charleston USC took seven of the nine matches. In a dual meet with the College of Charles- ton there was a tie and later USC beat College of Charleston in Columbia 5-4-. Each member of the 12 man team works out at least two hours per day five days a week. Matches are fought at home in the Memorial Youth Center on Blossom St. across from the varsity ten- nis courts. Admission for students is 551. The club is coached by Chris Hito- poulos. Poncho Villa is the teamls pres- ident. Other members of the club include: Robbie Collinwood, Art Smarr, Cliff Hollingworth, Billy McNulty, and Mike Culbertson. Also Eddie Walker, Mike Lamar, Tim Sanders, John Kelly, Rusty Blair, and Mark Reddon. Collinwood and San- ders were runner ups at the ECBA match in 1975. Someday one of USC's boxing club members may go on to be a real profes- sional. Happiness. 1 BILLY BAKER Billy McNulty vs. Dan Scully. Scully won. 127 WD CUIIM Playing to Capacity Crowds by Ann Ross Although USC set record home football attendance this year, there was more than just a football team awaiting the crowds every Saturday. Carolina Coquettes Rose Argroe, Dennie Dakasso, Susan Onley, and Jane Weather- ford bump and sway to "Love Will Keep Us Together." Dun wnnnuy Specializing in providing entertain- ment for all tastes, regardless of age, USC's 260-member marching band presents during the span of one half- time show the pop sounds of "When Will l Be Lovedn or traditional favor- ites, such as "The Saints Go Marching In." To prepare for these shows, one week before other students are due to report for the fall semester, band mem- bers report to band director Tom O'Neal. During these sessions the band works eight to nine hours a day on pre- game and half-time musical features. This training schedule is needed, according to O'Neal, because once classes begin, band practices are at a minimum to allow students time for study. Because the Carolina band is open to all USC students with musical ability, not just music majors, practice sched- ules must be adopted to accommodate students with lengthy class schedules. During the first part of band camp week, new band members are taught the band's marching style, and once that is accomplished, work begins on the special musical arrangements for the season. Besides accompanying the football team to all but one game this season, a trip to New Orleans before the LSU game was one of the year's focal points Black-hatted members of the Flag Line shoulder arms in the halftime show. Surrounded by saxophones, Sumner Spradling releases carbon dioxide from a fire extinguisher to fo the field during a routine for the band. At the Wake Forest game the band presented a colorful holiday show for Halloween, Thanksgiving, and Christ mas. The band also performed at the "We the People" salute to America for the nation's bicentennial celebration Each year the USC band performs a Christmas show at the Carolina Coli seum for the Columbia community. The band also supplements the annual gov- ernorfs Christmas tree lighting New features of this year's band included short concerts following each home football game. O,Neal said the band played for 15 to 20 minutes after games to entertain fans leaving the sta- dium. Other attractions in each perform- ance are a rifle and flag line, the feature twirlers, and drum majors. USC's dance instruc- tor Susan Earle was cho- reographer for the shows this year, and for the first time the Carolina Coquettes were solely a dance line performing special routines during the half-time programs. O'Neal is assisted by R. Douglas Graham, for- merly assistant band N, director at Louisiana Tech. Dick Goodwin is in charge of the musical arrangements this year and .lack Bircher is the percussion specialist. O'Neal said of this year's band, "I think it is the strongest group welve had." Spectators of seven half-times at home would tend to agree with this plaudit - especially con- sidering the typical strike-up of the Carolina fight song. -I mpc-.ner As the big cardboard spoon heads for its mouth, the USC Marching Band's perkeared face grins at the grandstands. KAN Bdrlhblbfnew 129 PEOPLE by BETH CAMPBELL Sevcnteen years ago a young man from the Univer- sity of Texas came to Caro- lina as an athletic trainer in all phases of the athletic program. Today, Jim Price is still as dedicated to Caro- lina athletics as he was in 1959. A heart defect limited his activities in athletics at a very early age. However, he found athletics in the form of managing very rewarding. His ability as a trainer earned him a scholarship to junior college and later to the University of Texas. .lim Price has seen a lot of peo- ple come and go in his 17 years at USC. A person makes a lot of friends in 17 years, but it takes a special kind of person to maintain these friendships. .lim Price is not lacking there. Two years ago, while in Houston undergoing open-heart sur- gery, he was telephoned by former Gamecoek quarter- back Dan Reeves, and other former Carolina athletes located in the vicinity. In 130 1969 he was relieved of some of his training duties, and now works just with basketball and the spring sports. Although quarterback Ron Bass missed the entire season to recover from knee surgery, he doesnft feel that all is lost. In fact, he actu- ally gained. Redshirted at the beginning of the season because of the knee injury, Ron sat in the stands with the fans as his fellow Game- cocks struggled it out on the field. But Ron declares that he still felt like a part of the team, that whatever was happening to the team was happening to him. Ron said the missed season was a learning experience for him. He had more time to enjoy other things. He took up tennis and played some golf. And his roommate taught him how to play the guitar. But Ron also learned some- thing about himself a football player. Ho feels the missed season taught him to look at football from other points of view. He saw it as the coaches saw it and because of this he feels he will be a better football player this season. He's looking for a breakthrough in his game after a year on thetsidelines. A new face to Carolina football is Jack Fligg, offensive co-ordinator for USC's football team. While ,lack Fligg is a new face to USC football he is not a new face to Jim Carlen. They have been together since Carlen was an assistant coach at Georgia Tech. When Carlen became the head coach at West Virginia in 1966 he asked Fligg to join him. Fligg wanted the chance to start out with a young coach that he felt would be successful as a head coach. So he moved his family to Morgantown. In 1970 Fligg ,followed Car- len to Texas Tech for a four year stay and now the two have emerged together at Carolina. He called each move a better opportunity, and working with a man like Carlen has been a rewarding experience for him. His family's extensive travel has enabled them to meet and make many friendships. His family enjoyed the plains of Texas as much as the snowy winters in West Virginia. Columbia has been pleasant so far because it puts the family close to their native Georgia. A lot of people are won- dering what Donnie Walsh will do next. Well, so does he. He came to Carolina with Frank McGuire to help build a basketball power- house. Now that goal has been reached, and Walsh is ready to move into a head coaching job somewhere. Sure, he would like to stay and watch the program grow even more, but it would have to be in the capacity of head coach. He has five children to educate and other obligations to meet. His biggest obligation is to himself. He feels that he is ready to assume a head XX coaching job, especially since he is in the age cate- gory that is most desirable. Walsh is 35. He also knows it would be a big challenge to follow Frank McGuire. He sees the head coaching position at Carolina an ideal job because he and his family are already estab- lished here. But 1980, when McGuire is expected to retire, is too far away for Walsh to turn down offers he may receive in the mean- time. For the moment Don- nie Walsh is still wondering what he will do next. Nancy White, a junior coed from Columbia is con- sidered one of the best div- ers on USC,s women's swim team. White began her career at age 12 when she began to compete with AAU swim club of Columbia. While participating in the Junior Olympics as an AAU team member shc learned what hard work and persev- erance can do for a swim- mer. In preparation for this season she swam three hours a day in USC's new ultra modern natatorium. Her goal for the season was to do well in the Southern Intercollegiate Champion- ships this past March. A marketing major in the Col- lege of Business Administra- tion White sees swimming and diving as an individual' sport. Something she can enjoy as a hobby. Everyone likes a success story in athletics. Senior tight end Brian Nemeth enjoys telling about his suc- cess story on the 1975 Gamecock football squad. The Clearwater, Fla. native came to USC on a football scholarship with intentions of also running track. He was dismissed from the foot- ball team at the start of his sophomore year f1973J. He had been considered a starter for tight end because of his great spring practice. The accusations against him were never proven, and soon dropped. Nemeth was able to retain his scholar- ship but he could not partic- ipate on either team. So for three years Brian Nemeth "hunked" his way through school while all of his desire to play football burned inside him. With the arrival of Jim Carlen, Nemeth saw the chance to play once again. He explained the situ- ation to the new coach and was encouraged to come out for the team at spring prac- tice. By the time of the annual spring game, Brian Nemeth was once again billed as the starting tight end on the Carolina football squad. The entire season was a highlight to Nemeth, but one certain game still clings in his mind. Starting the N.C. State game in great shape, with everything going for him, he rated 100 per cent in the game when the film of the game was later graded. He was num- ber one in the hearts of all Gamecock fans when he caught a two point conver- sion pass from Jeff Grantz with 1:06 left in the game to give USC a 21-20 lead. Although N.C. State came Columbia has a lot of places to eat. USC has ten of them. back and won the game with just seconds remaining Nemeth still recalls his expressions when he caught the pass. "lt was the best l've ever felt in my life. I cried." His glory was not complete, until he had heard the most meaningful compliment of his life. Coach Carlen told him that he had never had a tight end to play a better game than the one Nemeth had against N.C. State. Brian Nemeth will graduate this May but his desire to play football remains. He is grateful for the opportunity ,lim Carlen and his staff ,gave him to play the game once more. One thing can be assumed for sure - there is no other Game Gamecock athlete wearing the new Block "C" ring than Brian Nemeth. TDP " CAEUOF ua , SOUTH I J' , i I Q,-.psmw e CONV ence ' 1 emseecn m wim STORE V V V SNACK BAR I ' , . c ,em 1 A 'Z l f L.-51.5 l af Www Sockiilu 2-'.:':4e -.ix.r..f.-asf. -ef? Miseegg. AND -,gy-vw '--ig,-if 5,1 .uf-.... sf-QP iw--was f v.v+'w.- 4?- mftme J S1DE"""' A ' CAFE Good luck to those of you who graduate. 7 If youll be back next year, come see us - - - - - Universitybining Service 131 amecocks in By Rex Gale College is the final testing ground for potential pro- fessional athletes. The years beyond college are filled with fame and fortune for those who excel in college and perform well in the pro's. For others it is a struggle, a battle to improve and finally make the pro ranks. And for still others it's a dream that can never be reached because the strain is too great or the ability just isn't up to professional standards. At the University of South Carolina many men have made their dreams come true and established them- selves as professional athletes. Only last year four Gamecocks left to pursue careers in the sport of their choice. Tom Boswell, a transfer student who sat out the 1973-74 basketball season and helped USC to a 19-9 record under the direction of Frank McGuire, decided to end his college career early and signed a profes- sional basketball contract with the Boston Celtics of the National Basketball Association QNBAJ. In only his first year Boswell was a welcome addition to Coach Tommy Heinson and the Boston Squad. Basketball has been fortunate in acquiring the ser- Tlie record holder at Carolina for rebounding, Tom Owens, has more professional mileage than any other Carolina graduate in the pros. GAMECOCK 132 ' the Prof W' 'iii fri" - 'fif?3'f"'1 Y' '7'.f.L.'-'-' :- rg te --. : ff - .- .-, . 4, L, ,,: , .. ,Q ,,. '. T.,-g,g".5q,i-v - ,sy-1 -1 ' .tj-. 5 ' 43- " .VQ4i,,'s. ,E S C., 3 .3 an I - x ' . i ."-jir . ff." HQ::"19':i , n-J? 'i -I ww.: ' ' 4 'af ,, .. ,k u 'QQ 1" Qi - - ,gy Wnixli ff- - -is ," --Il' ' ' a -, i 5 ' I 1 l t , A fi, ' ' Vlglqh: 5 ' l . , -S 'L - 1 '.s.' .xl Y - A'-L14 Dickie Harris of the Montreal Alouettes and Darrell Austin, right, of the New York Jets are USC alumni. GAMECDCK vices of Coach McGuire's recruits. Brian Winters left Carolina two years ago and is in his sophomore season, playing for the Milwaukee Bucks after being traded from the Los Angeles Lakers. Winters led his division for guards and started for the West squad on this year's NBA All-Star team. Kevin Joyce, Tom Owens and .lohn Roche, after playing during the McGuire dynasties at the turn of the decade, are all enjoying active professional careers. Joyce presently plays for the Kentucky Colonels of the American Basketball Association CABAJ after his previous team, San Diego folded. Owens has been the most traveled of the Came- cocks, as of late, currently being with San Antonio after traveling from three different clubs this year. Roche, like Joyce, played for a team that folded, the Utah Stars, and now is playing for the Los Angeles Lakers. Also playing with Winters at Milwaukee is Jimmy Fox, a graduate of Carolina in the 196O's. Carolina is represented in the National Football League as well. Bobby Bryant now plays for the Min- nesota Vikings as a All-Pro defensive halfback, and Darrell Austin is currently playing for the New York Jets, after being traded from the Denver Broncos upon recovering from a broken leg. Professional football in Canada also had a Carolina alumni in Dick Harris, a four-year veteran and stand- out playing for Montreal. While baseball doesn't have any representation at the present time in the Major Leagues, many Game- cocks are on the road there. Last year first baseman Hank Small and pitchers Greg Ward and Earl Bass were drafted by professional baseball teams. Bass spent the past year in Tulsa playing for the St. Louis Cardinal farm team in the American Associa- tion. Small played ball in Greenwood in the Class A outfit of the Atlanta Braves. Ward traveled to Lodi, California to play in the Class A system of the Balti- Only last year, four gamecocks left to pur sue careers in the professional sport of their choice more Orioles and played for the All Star team Eddie Ford went to the Boston Red Sox organization the year before and is playing in Bristol Connecticut in the Eastern League Other USC alumni include Butch Anderson in the Eastern League of the Philadelphia Phillies in Read 1ng, Penn Tony McCord with the Chicago White Sox organization in Knoxville Tennessee 1n the Southern League, and Gary Lance in the AAA system of the Kansas City Royals Carolina has contributed many athletes to profes sional sports and probably will continue to do so in the future The facilities at USC are excellent the coach ing IS the same and these two ingredients will assure good recruiting, outstanding teams and probably great professional athletes in the years to come AtCarol1n1John Ro he x a twice named ACC player of the ya ar His post collcgl alc career has cove red the Nu York lNels Utah Stars and urrcnllw the Los Angeles Lakers GAMECOCK 'Q X ECOCK Earl Bass now with a St Louis farm club team pitched USC lo '1 ser ond plau- flmsll ll'l the 1975 College World Series As a final testing ground for potential professional athletes, the University of South Carolina will goin nearly 2 000 other colleges in the future in trying to get its alumni in the professional ranks To those who make it and perform especially well the opportunity will pave the way to fame and fortune GAMECOCK ,z 133 , X .K . X N . " X X x H ,NN .. L-. . . . E ps,- ' I kr , . . N 1- ' .M - 1 'h is , . . 0 r u n ' GAM ' 1 . . . . . . ' . V U A , ' 'V . ' , , t . .: - . 1. 9 . V - . . ' 9 ' 1 V , . 1 v , ' ' t c x v s ', I ,, e :' . ' - '- . . f rv l , ., ' ' 1: 1 U' '-5 - ' S ' .41 . -1 ' A- t . 1 ' I V ,ze W 1 K - .- xr --1 ' - . im it V ill. Y up X , , . I 11..! Y M4 .. X - x -1 1 y - , , F . - ' A X ' ' "" ' 4- lff .L A e it , , 1 . i i Km aanmkwriew "Mike Man" Sammy Wauford shouts out the words to a cheer at Williams-Brice Stadium. Taking The Lead In Cheer By Billy Baker Nationally ranked is what they are and what they have been for the past three years. USC's cheerleaders are a part of athletics at Carolina. This year's squad approached cheer- leading differently. "In the past we did a lot of entertaining as the crowds watchf, said head cheerleader Bob Pul- liman from Columbia. "Now if the crowds can't get involved we don't do it." "We quit using a lot of entertaining devices," Pulliman said. "Everything we do is based on whether or not the crowd can do it with usf, Because of this change Pulliman believes this year's squad represented the real meaning of cheerleading. The idea was to get people out of their seats and on their feet. Pulliman said that USC football coach Jim Carlen was very cooperative. "Coach Carlen was for anything that would get the people yeilingf' Therc's more to cheerleading than just simply generating crowd spirit or entertaining at half time. Here, four of the USC cheerleaders participate in summer afternoon practices. 134 Dcr1 Whlifwy KIDCUIICI' Mini-skirted cheerleaders take a break from the foot- ball action, and entertain the crowds. The cheerleading squad is funded by the athletic department, with the head cheerleader responsible for putting the money to its best use. This year Pulliman used some of the money to buy miniature footballs to toss into the crowd at the Virginia and Clemson games. Pom-poms were also distributed to USC fans in Raleigh at the N.C. State game. This year was the first time the head cheerleader was not the microphone man leading cheers. Pulliman said this was done because the head cheerleader had too much responsibility just watch- ing the crowd, the game, and keeping the squad organized. Sammy Wauford, a senior from Nashville, Tenn., seemed to challenge the crowd more than any "mike" man of recent. His anecdotes were often a little too hard to handle and Ieft him open to reaction, but, he was good at getting the crowd to make noise. "There was not a lot of competition for the microphone job when I tried out," Wauford said. "Everyone thought we were going to be 2-9." "I wanted to do it because it comes natural," he said. "I love the crowds and the university itself." Before Wauford accepted the job as "mike man" he went to the football players and asked them if they would be behind him. ln recent years the football team has expressed dissatisfaction with the microphone man being too oriented to fraternities. "They asked me to include everybody and that is what l tried to do," he said. Wauford believes there will be a lot of people trying out for the microphone position on next year's squad. "There should be a lot of interest because of the football team's success." Wauford always wore a hat of some kind to the games. He said he wore a coonskin hat to the Baylor game because he wanted the crowd to go on a bear hunt with him. "At Duke I wore a construction hat because I wanted the fans to start build- ing spirit for the rest of the yearf' To be recognized as one of the top 20 cheerleading squads in the country, a team must first be rated either one or two in their district. The team is then evaluated by a committee from the National Cheerleaders Association that comes unannounced to a game to judge the team. "We never know when the judges are coming," Pulliman said. "They judge you by how well you utilize your time, how much crowd involvement you have, your dress, and degree of diffi- culty of your stuntsf' Last season the squad was ranked ninth in the country. This year they were rated among the top twenty. This year's squad is represented by 15 members who, as a team, have 32 years of college cheerleading among them. Pulliman said that every cheer- leader must be in good physical shape and be trustworthy. "Sometimes we throw the girls as high as ten feet in the air,'i he said. "They have to be confident that their partner is going to catch themf' The squad consists of eight men and seven women. Other members of the squad included Jean Fioramonti from Silver Springs, Maryland, Terry Phil- lips of Columbia, Sherri Ratley from Florence, Alice Wright from Atlanta, Val Rowe from West Columbia, Carol Williamson from Lugoff, S.C., Narty Calimag from Monck's Corner, Mike Sickinger from Woodruff, Danny McMahon from Charleston, and Dave Lerbs from Oakley, S.C. Roland Weathers from Camden, Tommy Daniels from Columbia, and Scooter Daley from Ridgeland, S.C. round out the squad. Cheerleading teams resemble athletic teams in many ways because they too must prove their worthiness before the crowds. They must exercise and stay in shape. The job of providing leadership to the crowd is not an easy one, but lfSC's cheerleading squad was very effective at rallying the crowds to sup- port the Gamecocks at home football and basketball games. Their stunts were very attractive and entertaining. Continued success is evi- dent for USC cheerleading squads , because it Kari Btmhufumbw Supported by Scotter Daley, Terry Phillips bounces aloft during spin-around routine. Clapping and chanting down Main Street, the cheerleading squad rides Parade. is easier lo Cheer for a win- ner. and with a coach like .lim Cai-len l.fSC's football team should be giving everyone a lot to cheer about in the future. A lot of people will be trying out for the team. in the lead-off truck in the Homecoming 135 A roundup of the year 1975-76 Spring 1975 WOMEN'S SOFTBALL: Coach Vicki Hamilton Kathy Baynham Valerie Coats Melissa Dean Charlene DuRose Linda Goldman Janet Hoifman Shay Kelly Nona Kerr Tisa Lewis Maureen McCauley Robhie McClary Marianne Olson Karen Pappas Sisi Routh Rita Wilson Janice Wolfe Debra Woods Terri Woods SEASON'S RESULTS: USC ..... ..... 7 Winthrop . . . USC ..... .... 1 4 Coker ...... USC...:. ..... 5 Winthrop..... USC ..... .... 1 8 Prentiss Inst. .... . USC .,,.. ..... 6 Delta State ....... USC ..... .... 1 5 Southem Mississippi USC .,... ..... 8 Della State ....... USC ..... .... 1 0 Mississippi Coll .... USC ..... .... 4 1 Coker .......... USC ..... .... 1 6 Coker .... . . . USC ,.... .... 1 4- Clallin . . . USC ..... ..... 3 Winthmp , . . BASEBALL: Coach Bobby Richardson Exrl Bass P-IRQ Daniel Boone PJRJ Donald Branham C W. Sanford Bucknam Manager James Chokales P-QRI Stephen Cook OF Mike Cromer P-QRJ James Fleming SS Jeff Gmnlz 2B Kim Gunter Pitcher Gary Hancock OF John Hinkel C Gregory Kwtley C David King P-IRQ Stephen King OF Raymond lztvignc P-QRJ Andy LcHeup OF Timothy Lewis P-ILJ Thomas Luckstone P-KRJ Edward Lynch P-IRI Charles McLean P-lF Jim Pankovils 3B Robert Parrish C Don Repsher OF David Small OF So. George Small 1B Sr. David Spence OF Jr. Scott Thomas P-QLJ Jr. Mark Vanbcver 2B So. Gregory Word P-QRJ Sr. SEASONS RESULTS: USC .... ..... 7 Baptist College . . USC .... .... 1 6 Wolford ...... USC .... .... 1 9 West Virginia . . USC .,... .... 1 3 West Virginia . . USC ..... .... 1 0 Richmond .... USC ...., ..... 6 Richmond ..., USC ..... ..... 1 Francis Marion . USC .... ..... 6 Virginia ..,. USC .... ..... 5 Virginia .... USC .... ..... 9 Miami .... USC .... ..... 4 Stetson ..... USC ..,. ..... 6 Seton Hall .... USC .,.. ...,. 3 Miami 10.1 ,.., USC .... ..... 6 Stetson ......, USC .... ..... 3 Seton Hall .... USC .... .... 1 9 Old Dominion. . . USC.... ....10 Old Dominion . . UNC Wilmington . . .. .. UNC Wilmington .. . . . . Georgia Southern .... .,.. Georgia Southern . . . . . . Furman.... ..... Arizona State ..... . . . . USC .... .... 8 Georgc'Mason USC .... .... 9 Marshall .... USC .... .... 2 Georgia . . USC .... .... 6 Georgia .... USC .... .... 2 Howard .... USC .... .,.. 1 0 Howard ....... USC .... .... 6 North Carolina . . USC .... .... 3 USC.... ....12 USC .... .... 4 The Citadel ..... USC .... .... 3 Erskine ...... USC .... .... 2 St. Leo ..... USC .... .... 6 St. Leo .....,.. USC ..,. ..., 5 North Carolina . . USC .... .... 6 Clemson ....... USC .,.. .... 2 USC .... . . .B Georgia Southern USC .... ..., 7 USC .... .... 5 Wofford ....... USC .... ..... 2 Newberry ..... USC .... ..... 3 Davidson ..... USC .... ..... 6 Baptist College . . USC .... ..... 5 USC .,.. ..... 9 Georgia Southern USC . . . . ,..,. 2 Georgia Southern USC .... ..... 8 The Citadel .... USC ..., ..... 4- Furman . . . . .. USC .... ..... 4- Jacksonville . . . USC .... ..... 8 Jacksonville ..., USC .... ..... 8 Western Carolina USC . . . . ..... 6 Georgia TL-eh . . . USC .... .... 2 0 Georgia Tech . . . USC .... .... 1 1 The Citadel .... usc .... .,.. 1 5 Temple ..... USC .... ..... 4 N.C. State ....., USC ..,. Sctonfiall USC .... .,... 5 Eastern Michigan USC .... ..... 6 USC .... ..... 6 Texas ......... USC ..., ..... 4- Arizona State , . . USC .... . . . 1 Texas ..... . . . GOLF: Coach Don Mathis Mike Ball David Dupre Mike Holland Kirk Jones Chip Prezioso Rob Viner WOMEN'S TENNIS: Coach Ron Smarr Connie Albertson Dee Dee Fasler Peggy Fowler Liz Isherwood Linda McAllister Mary Morman Ann Pasky Ann Peterson Sue Smith Sue Stoll Susan Tinsley Mary Lu Young Francis Marion .,.. .... Columbia College .... ..., Erskine .......... .... Furman ....,.. .... C. ol Charleston . . . . . North Carolina . . . . . . Winthrop ........ .... Francis Marion .... .... Winthrop ...... . . . . Furman......... Davidson...... SEASON'S RESULTS: USC .... .... 9 Converse .... USC .... .... 8 USC .... .... 5 USC .... .... 9 ' USC .... .... 0 USC .... .... 5 USC .... .... O USC .... .... 9 Coker ..,...... USC .... .... 6 USC .... .... 8 Georgia Southem USC .... .... 9 USC .... .... 7 Erskine ........ USC .... .... 7 USC .... ,... 9 Georgia Southern USC ..., .... 9 Columbia College USC .... . . . .0 USC .... ..., 0 USC .... .... 9 Coker .... TENNIS: Coach Ron Smarr Phil Dukes Steve Geller Andrz-as Hulsehmirl Jcll' Hull Ju-ll' Kelalns John LcGraml Mark Rosenblum Clyde Skuflvstatl Roger Varin SEASON'S RESULTS: USC .... .,.. 9 College of Charleston . . USC .... .... 7 Penn State ......, USC ..,. .... 8 Western Michigan . . . USC .... .... 4 Duke ...........i. USC .... .... 8 Swarthmore College . . USC . . . . .... 9 Purdue ......., . . . . USC .... .... 6 Jacksonville ...... USC ..., ..., 5 Florida State .... USC .... . . . .8 South Alaltama . . . . USC .... .... 7 Tulane ...,. ....... USC .... .... 9 Southern Mississippi . USC ,... .... 8 Mississippi ......... USC .... ..,. 6 Memphis State ....., USC .... .... 5 Tcnttemaee-Chattanooga. . . USC .... .... 3 Georgia ........... USC .... .... 8 Eastern Michigan . . USC .... .,.. 9 Amherst College . . . USC .... .... 8 Ohio Slate ..... USC .,.. .... 6 Clelnsnn .... USC .... .... 7 Howard .....,. USC .... .,.. 6 Furman ......... USC . . . . .... 6 Appalachian State. . . . USC .... .... 5 Presbyterian ...... USC .... .... B Georgia Southern . . USC .... ,... 1 Norllt Carolina . . . . USC ..., ,.,. 8 Georgia Tech . . . USC .... .... 8 Davidson .... TRACK AND FIELD: Coach Bill McClure Ronald Adams Bernard Allen Titus Briggs Thomas Baldassaro John Brown Leon Cook Stewart Cummings Robert Day Louis DeChicchio Wayne Foster Jeff Fuge Brian Gallant Mark Gediman John George Gary Hill John Jeffries Steven Landy Donald laydcn Gibbcs McDowell Paul McLeod Tom Melton Jerry Morrison Keith Norvel Milton Reid Michael Shcley Alan Shoultz Bcrle Stocks Wayne Thomas Buck Thompson Steven Wilson High and Triple Jump Hurdler Long Jump Distance Runner Hall'-Mile Distance Runner Distance Runner Distance Runner Javelin Middle Distance Shot Put Distance Runner Sprints Hurdler Distance Runner Distance Runner Distance Runner Th ree-Mile Pole Vault 440 Pole Voult Shot Put 440 440 l, Hurdles l. Hurdles T. Jump Mile Discus H-T Jump Robert Zxhel Distance Runner SEASON'S RESULTS: indoor-Outdoor Track lSpring '75J USC ..... . . .555 Louisiana State . . . USC ........ 50.5 North Carolina . . USC ........ 66.0 Aubum .... . . USC ..., . . . .85.0 Clemson . . . . . USC ........ 67.0 USC ........ 48.0 USC . ....... 65.0 USC ...,.... 68.0 USC ....,... 57.0 East Carolina .,,. Alabama. Indiana Florida ...... Georgia ......... Florida State ....... Cross Country - lFall '75 - low score winsl USC ........., 34- USC ,... ..... 2 5 USC .... ..... 2 1 USC .... ..... 2 4 USC .... ..... 5 2 Furman .....,... Mississippi State. . . Georgia Tech . . . Clemson ..,.. Auburn Su. Jr. Jr. Fr. Jr. Sr. Sr. Jr. Jr. ....0 ....1 ....5 ....l ....0 ....3 ....4 ....1 ....2 ....0 ....1 ....3 ....4 ....6 ....1 ....0 ....I ....3 ....2 ....3 ....3 ....4 .1..1 ....8 ....l ....1 J r. So. So. So. Jr. Fr. Su. Jr. So. So. J r. Fr. So. Fr. So. Fr. Jr. Sr. J r. Sr. J r. Jr. Sn. Sr. Sr. So. J r. Jr. Sr. Fr. So. ....56.0 ....56.0 .......51.0 63.70.0 ......73.0 ....77.0 .,..97.0 ....2.l ....31 ....34- ....31 ....70 Fall 1975 WOMEN S VOLLEYBALL Coach Vlckl Hamtllon Darlen: B: nson Sophnlllorv. Lee Branch ,lunlnr Mlclgt. Clu: r Llntlu Cop: land ltollln Dram Annette Glbsnn Llsu Cort, Cheryl Gfllllllt' Lauren Hughes Sunll. laeksun Vlrkl Munn P'lull.tt4 Marsha Susan Smltll VLr:ll.ll Taylor SEASON S RESULTS U U UC UC UC U UC UC UC UC UC UC UC UC UC UC SC Colley- ol'Cllarl:'1ton Coastal Carollna Coll:-gt. olClt.lrlt:1ton North Ctlrolllln St Wlnlhrop Ersklne Ersklne Lalltler Fnlnrls Marlnn Coll Sl Andrews Coll EastCarulll1a Appalal hlan Statt l'll5,ll Polllt Wlnthrop Appalaehlall State EastTLn1lr'siee Sl Wlnthrop Short: r Coll West Ceorgra Cwrgla Franvlta Marlon Coker Converse Fmnels Marlon Ersklnt FOOTBALL Coach Jlm Garlen Don Altmtrlnskas Jauyn Atlalnskl Tom Atnr:.ln Gen: Antley Stuart Armstrong Charl:-111 Barber Howard Barrett Hugh Bell Steve Berlllsh Scott Blackman Pllllllp Bla: kstock Don Bobo Mlkt Bnlden laek Brlllker Stan Candl: r Al Carp: mer Casper Carter Ramly Chastaln Danny Clalley Kelth Colson Slew' Courson Chrls Cowen Mlkl Crowell Rlck Crumpler Blll Currler Scott Curtls .lolln Dantonlo Fred Dasltl Mark Dt lan: y Shannon De lan: Kerry Dt Pawqua L Haydn n Dunran Dmght Eflrcl Harry Ekzlltts 1" rank Elll-1 Quay Farr .lay Felt: lltek Fnsllarhl Larry Fowl: r Mlkl, l'ral1c Larry F rl: rwon Aulldra Funtlllr-r Lane: Garrett Bt rnurd Grant .lt-ll Cranl7 .lohn Gr: en Klm Culttt r Bob Halnunskl Sttvl Harper Gary llussell Trunnly Hlll Brut: Hollman Davlll Hojnlk Tom lnyzlyl hoek St.-ln lame-1. OT Senlor Freshman .lunlor Slsnlor Freshman Freslllllan Freshman .l unlor Freshman Sophomore Sophomore Freshman Blll Janus Boll Kant-y J: rry K.ltl: l'.Al Kult, Blll lxlttrulgt Bnltl Kllnr aul Krokos Btll l tn: lltllry but-1 Plnllp Logan K1 t lll Long Russ Mrtlmlrl Bobby Marlno Runtly Maru Mlkc MeCal.le lot MlGr1-gor Garry Mott .llnlbo Neely Alttly N: lsoll Brlan N:.nu.tll Paul O:lorntrnlt Larry O l'lal,an Tommy Ollvvr Bob Orkl-4 Brlll Parrl ll K: vln Pattoll Rx: k Pay ne Antllom Penny Gralhl Pllllllps .ltttlgt Porter Davltl Prt L10-10 J: roml. Prov:-nr Kulnl th Reese Max Rullagt r .lay Stlllll Rl: lc Sanlorll Doug Scllallnlt Sr-otlStg1-axes Greg Sllopo Zrll Shoe Bubba Sllugllrt E L Smltll .loc South Stun Sll,pltv.ns Don Stl wart Al Tandv Tam: Turbush Brall Tholllas Mark Thomas Smtt Thomas Mlkc Tlsrlalt, .loc Vltagllano J. tt Walls Leon Wlllleeatapc Clarence Wllllams Mlkls Wllllams W T Wllllams Mark Wlllnllgllby Brlee Wllson Eubcne Wllwon Rug: r Woolbrlght Steve Young SEASON S RESULTS USC USC USC USC USC U C U C USC U C U C USC USC USCJV USC-JV G: nrgla Teoll Duke Georgla Bay lor Vlrgtnnl Mlrzstwslppl Loulstaua State North Carollna State Appalaehlan Stale Wake Forest Clemson Mlaml Ohm C: orgla Clemson WOMEN S BASKETBALL Coach Frankle Porter Clnlly Attllvlly Cllarlent DuBose Maurcu1McCauley Delnat. Nanncy Kar: n Pappas Brenda Paulk Betsy S: olt Martha Sull: r Sally Walker .laltlce Wolfe Paula Workman SEASON S RESULTS USC C USC USC USC USC U C South Cxlroltna St Voarlluss Clemson South Carolllla St Federal Clty Coll Wlntllrop North Carollna 1 UC UC UC USC UC U U C US USC USC U BASKETBALL Cnac Collt Aubustus Nate Datls Dlrll: DlRugerls Mlke Dunleasy Al: x Ellgllsh Bull Cause .lat lt Gllloon Mark Grunlsr Bryan C-ret ey Stu Klltenlc Boll Matlllas Chu: k Sllenlrooll Btlly Trultt Coll nlCl1arlcston Frallrls Marlon Fllrnlan Voorhr-l s Alult rsun Coll Wnltllmp Wtlltllmp Fran: ls Marlon Ch mson Collt ge olCll..trl:1ton And: rsnn Coll: gc Flatt: ls Marlon Solltll Curnllna St h Frank McGulre SEASON S RESULTS U C USC USC U C USC U C U C USC C USC U C USC SC USC USC USC C USC USC U SC U C USC USC USC USC Holwtra Toll do Oklahoma Ml: hlglm Ya e Oklahoma Stats, Vlllalloxa St .lohn s Manllzltlall Marque tte Nl tlraska Cltzldcl South Florll a Datldson K: nl Slate Furman Vlllunotn T: tuple Fordham Pltt-sburgh Furman Nutr: Dann. G: orgla Teeh St Bollatcnturl: Ct orgla Southern Marqu: llc WOMEN S SWIMMING Coach Alan Gentry Bt th B'lrry Sandy Baxter Beth Blanrhard B Z Clcse Ran: y Grlmm Tlna Haaselbcrg Barb Heller Sue Hlte Katlt llllnguorth luln. N: wlnan Elnln: Perl-tlns .lolly P: terson Crt: ket Robblns Glorla Roberts Lynn Smllll Nanny Whlte Barb Wllluughby Back Fly Free F ree Fly Free Back Free Free Breaststroke Free Dlvlng Back Fly llvl Dlver SEASON S RESULTS USC C U C USC USC USC USC U C USC Brenau Colltgt Gsorgla Gt nrgla Suutht rn Br: nau South Florlda F llrman Culllg: :1lCh.lrllstol1 T: nrt: 1-e-: t Ch ulson Columbla College. WOMEN S GYMNASTICS Coach Wendy Luca Kathy Dlllon Debllle l-lull Laura Kovtvahyn Bt th Lee D: msc Nolan Welldy Park: Wendy Sllce Pattl Trotter Lon Warbutton ' ' MC Fr. S ..,....... 93 . - , . . . - LB Jr. S 1 ,......... 77 ' ' ..... . 1 ' " OT So. S ,.,.,..,.. 79 .... ...,... V l - ' 1 '. LB S., .......... 88 1: ...,. l ' " 1 1 or Jr. s .......... ss ..... .. ' - OG Sr. SC ........,, 60 ' ........,. . , , , . P 1 UI' Jr. USC .....,.... 66 ' ......... . - ' 1 , DE Fr, USC ...,,..... 74 1 ' .... .. - . , - - - 1 -5 DB Sr, S .......... 73 1 .- . ...... - , -1 " sta so. c ......,... 74 1 1 -1 . ' ' ' 1 l' RB Jr. .......... 60 - ' 1 . . . . 1 - ' -' " DE Jr. .......... 65 :' ' '- - ' K Sr. SC ....,..... 72 ' ' .. . . . , ' , 1 1 ' QB So. . I- ' C Sr. '- v ' . 1 : ,' DT So, 5 ' '. ' ' . ' ' LB Sr. , - 1 - 1 ' RB .lr. 3 f - - F ' , 1 1 DB Sr. 1' F - 1 - " - - TE Sr. - '1 ' ' G - ' C Sr. - 1 .1 g - , 1 ' -1 DE Jr. ,. .- F ' . DT Fr. ' C, usc ........... 1 1. ............ 2 I LB Fr- - 1 'U c SC ........... 2 ' - ................ 0 ' 'S PK 50- ' -' - F SC ........... 2 . - ' :' .,.......... 0 2 I DE FT- ' -' F USC ........... 0 ' . ............., 2 l' ' U3 501 ' ' C USC .,.,....... 0 ' ...................., 2 ,' ' OT So. ' C-F USC ........... 2 ' - ...................,... 0 ' ' 9 LB SY- : C USC ...,....... 2 ....................... 0 'V OG Sf- ' ' ' G S ........... 2 , ..........,........... 0 ' YU 1' MC 50- USC .......,... 2 ,' ' .........,.... 1 5 ' 1 -0 OT SU- S .........,, 2 . . ,... .....,..... 1 ' f ' DT Sv- , 1 S .......,... 1 - ' .................. 2 2 PK 50- ' USC .....,..... 0 1'- - - ............... 2 ' ' ' TE Sr- 3 ,,,,,,,,,, 59 4 1 ,,,,,,,,, SC .....,..... 0 '1 ' ......,..,.....,,... 2 'f DB Fr- ,,,.4A,,,, 34 , ,,,,,,,,.,A, S .....,..... 1 ' ....,................ 2 ' DB -lf- ,,.A,AA,,A 81 1 ,,,,,,,,,, S ........... 0 ' ............ ...2 1 2 " LB Fr- 5 ,,,,,,4,,, 82 ,,,,,, S .....,..... 1 - , , . . .,............ 2 ' - OG -lf- ' ,,,,,,,,, 100 1 ,,4.,4,, , , , , , , S ........... 0 ' .........,.......,... 2 5 DB SF1 5 lhhlllhhh' 70 1 . -.'.- S ........... 0 - .................... 2 ' MG Jr- 5 ,A.,,,.,,, 95 ' - - ,,,,.,.,, , s ...,....... 2 1 1 - ...,...........,.. 0 ' OT Sf- ....,..... 59 . ' .......l. . USC .....,...,. 1 - ' ..,...,,.......,..,... 2 - ' DT lf- U5 ,,,,,4,,,, 73 ,,,..,,,, 5 4------- 11-2 ' ----'---f-.------ 1 ' " SE -l" .,....,... 70 1 ,.... S ------..-.- 2 ----..---.----,.--.-.--. 0 f ' 00 501 S ....,..... as 1 1 ......... , S ........... 2 - ...,.......,...,..... 0 ' , OT 501 ,,,,,,,,,, 90 ' A,,,,,,,,,,, s ........... 2 1' ' ................. 1 ' C so. D lglykyyyvy D3 1, ..4'.. Y USC ........... 0 Winthrop ..................... 2 ' TE S01 USC .,,,,,,,,, 66 51, Lungs ,,,,,,.,,,, U . ,......,.. 1 1 .........,............. 2 " '1 OG 50- A,,A.,4 HA84 -- ,,,4,,, , FL Sr. . . . - " ' ' DB Sv- fffffflflgg -L .flflfff ' ' ' 3 if- Us .....,.. ,.99 ' 1 ..,.. . 5 "' ........,. 65 - ..........,. DT Jr- ' ' " ' ' DE Sf- .......... 75 - ..,.,., 1 ' DB Jr. - - ' ' J NB lf- ........,. 79 ' . ...... -' RB Sr- " RB FY- s ........,. 77 1 ........ f ' RB Sr- " N LB F" .......... 83 11 - ' UT Fa ' LB Fr- use .......... es 1 ' .1 , .... .. 1 , - DT Jr. " I DB S01 .......,.. 77 , 1 .... . ' - DE Ff1 ' V 55 50- .......,, 110 - '1 .... 1 DB lr. 1 ' DE S01 , ......... 66 1 ...,.... .. 1 . . ' LB Fr- ' K .lr. DE .lr. ' ' 1' DT So. DE lr. ' 1 1 RB Fr. , U ' 1 ' ' - OT Sr. ' , FL D .,.....,. 123 1 ' 1, ...............,. 17 1 . .. , 1 DT Jr. ........., 24 1 ............,.......,.. 16 1 1 RB SD' .......... 20 ' ..................... 28 ' , - FL Sn .....,.... 24 1- ..,.,...........,...., 13 . . ' . . D Fm ......,... 41 ' ' ' .....,.............., 14 ' 1 ' 1 , DB1 Jr. S ..,..,.,.. 35 1 21' ' ................... 29 ' LM. . I OG Jr. S ........... 6 ' ' ................ 24 Fly -1 . QB Jr. .....,..., 21 ' ....,....... 28 ' ' , . Ur Fr' S .......... 34 . ' ........ ...... 3 9 'B ' ' ' ' ' 1 DD D. s ........., 37 1 ..........,....... 26 '- 1 1 1 - DD Jn ' ........., 56 - ....,..,.....,..,..., 20 ' 1 ' ' ' , 1 QD 50' ........... 1 ' ', ' ........,.,.,...,, 20 1 . 1 DD Fri - ........ 3 1 '. .....,............... 10 '11 ' - . . . . ,1 DT Fr- ...,..., 1 - ..................... I0 '- Fly 1 1 LB Fr. ' ' FU 1 ry DB So. ' ' I l , .A 1. DT Jr' ' ' l.M. 1 ,' DT Sr. ' 1 ' " ' C Sr. " LB Fr. ' 1 ' ' DE Ff' ' 1 G Fr- ,..,... ..,69 -1 " C Ff- ' 1 1 -1 G Sf- Us .......... 62 1 ' ....,.... .. . " ' QB Ff- - G SD- s .......... 97 1 '1 1 ' A 00 lf' F Sr- .,........ so 1 ............ 2 RB 50- ' 2 '- G Sn- .......... 76 ' ....... ' " ' OT S01 1 C Sf. ........,. ae ..,...., V l ' DE So' ' 3 F 50- .....,.... 91 2 1 ' L' . MG Fr' ' 5 G Sf- USC .......,.. 75 2 -"e: ...... ' DB 504 ' G Fr. 5 ..,......, 91 1 1 . .....,... . ' DB 50- ' F Sr. .,........ 84 ' - . . QB Sr. - F SD. 1- LB So. ' 2 TE So. ' ' Fl.. Sr. ' 5 ' I 1 2 ' DT Sv- ..,........ 64 ' . .......,1,..... 70 ' ' OT FF- US ........,. 81 -- .................... 73 ' D Sr' ' ' 1 ' U3 Jr- . .......... 61 ...........,..,...... 66 ' " lf' ' " ff I M0 S01 .......... 67 ' .........,...,. 79 1 .1 Fr- ' ' . ' OT Fr- ,......... 86 , ' .............., 72 f ' Jr- ' ' 'f ' C S01 ......,... 73 ' .................... 75 ' ' Ff- -' 50- S .......... 65 ' .........,...... 75 PARTING The straight account of a game, the battle of brawn and statistics focuses on the field. The side- lines, how- ever, often yield thou- sands of small tales of their own. Herewith we offer you a glimpse at tales from the '75-'76 SGHSOFI. S Keep u P With The 2 CD E cn ll 4-2 4- edel' me Giummhxu Record ima: pn--un ,Milla w- -apn um was ,md an may :ww umm' n x. ma vu sum. su guru :I will u ma Tdqhauw Ulzuhtln LS mi An mum num m.'x 1 ll an s wr Xnlwbhllavdlvu uh nd :ol .. .p...,wm vm. wmv -qu nw n-uw ummm Q4 ...nw-num - . e e a ...M A.. mw- kl X 1' Nixon T lsui ,W .N .M M.. N e up-rf uw ww 1 :max of .fu gan.: we sw M I -fum. x fy -:unruly 1 In -'Aw .fr mv ,mam mum n nn mm fr mv mr .zur um ug .4 mx ra mm 1. mmm m5um.mx 1, .mf M - 1 Xl X m 1 .N X. W -W .1 .4 ,-,.,x.vr- - m Hwy! W' 5 'Wm Y- new ...nmi lu-fl Wim WW W u mu we N -W Q W. LL .um nvuw und Ilgub Md bun hd MTI Two W For Supreme ox men, A nmni x u m. w mamma mu ff 1 4 1-:rw x Wm s vnu-.n mx U vw Q s ,um ww u I my r ,L W ,D an mp. 1 ., urmw-f.wH.1 in w-in NK Nvwtyn 1lm'nL Fil!-NIlN.x rl-l V, '- Mum fn me-.M ,mann um 11. mu ,fn ma an u Xa u vm um u 1 my me mm ,fn my Wm wer nm n fa me wh .1 wr n me an vu n eu .1 ww an mn ww umm 1 fr f-1 v nl 1 -.mama M 1 M mn mmm mhz env vw-H u au. 4 f n aw fa mmm x N N .u mmm-uw n wx 1 B 1 Moy Consnder Bnllbodrds lvl Inslde an nu . un Eb ?L mt me wx lv M 1 e n W x H uv ,uw N ,wh mn v. Q mhed Dem Prodaxm Tho Rep Z f u n--.n1...u. w .1 ree as Regent 610111 l Aw -4 ubl USU. Q M 1-.em .f lC11l'l Qi 1 mg fl S GCI' -..-. .-. fl V 1-A W .4 .-N W M .M W-1 .-1 w 1, 1,- ,,- .1 M mnllecl In ru v 01' W om .1 1,4 wwxr. Sexmpkets o Cahf orma N M Am n W .1 ,2 n ers 1' Af E me A fy' 1 H fm" -'-1 'ff- Z.: . ie.. E? 911331122 ' Eff ff qgfgf- 4 + . 5:2 19,263 A ,Lg . "1 el 5 P . - ' 1 2 'i gzfligvq "2 2 ' '. :r .22 2 -N, f .Q 2: ff - . miie .E' Ye, Q 1, fe EVE 55.1 N5 1 '- e 5 'ie an R 11 22.2,.,?e-. ' ' i is 1 5 - 2?-.H 2 ., . 1.5 2' . e 553223 4, Q5-' 541 ' 1' O -5 :ia 1 . . ,, a , V fun eww. A eg--Q ' gf- Jef W: '12 -2 2-,: ' K 22 -224: 1- . gi. as me . i, ,A 1 , ,- i A..--,, ,. - I - 1 F I Q f- J' 1 E "' 5 if -' I :Z . 51 L ' 12 ,H 4 - ' 1 2 N 15. "' . ' S-: If .. W .Q 1 -A 2 :if e I 'I " N O T., 1 ' Q m aj . . N ii. 3, V N N I n 1:24 -ie'-1 212 295 'z- ae-' 'wiv 2113! ffl-"s12'Sa,1iiMG. -V H131 52 'ff125-Eii?.212Hizevleaiiee l 'ala 5532.22-2i:LEie,ie12s'1322271151f age: Fa?-ge :-Q sang: aietwifvgt N fi gi"'.?'Ei iii 132231 1i:?12?ii5e, H EQ? 3255 213 - 'F-vi ' E165 .Z E9g,17' 5 - iezzzizm ' 951' LZQJ' ii? Eieiie 1.1 1,2 EAI' 2413 223 221521 15. 12? - ' . Lf -,---r- :':11:E:a 192 A 'wuz ygvfe Q- 1 Q -,1:e.,z,:-153: ,1 1 H1321 a 1 gina? - "a2:1feeig3e3ie, rl " W ' 3,2 ga" 12122 1 122.11225 In :label :Xa 3. f 1 ,Nga -eagevv 1202.4 - Lai?-'Q m 22221122 ifieegu -- 6. .Ei.:'li 'fli 1: lzlafee- - L Z,xAix a T- 4'-:":- i? 4-111 1 Ez'-ag, - haves 1:22:51 I? HE? I 4212.225 an-:aa n A :yea Y aa.-2: Q- ,suv Y Z Eg QE? ' Quinn fl:-nah . ivan h 2"il. 3:9525 . - ii 912' 1:34 4 . . ' ., .- 1 13,135 db 5 1 1-,, leafs- 2, . . ' ,,. 1115? Q ig 1 1 g . H! ' 251312 CEE 21312 :L e ,. - '- ff ' 5 E2 3 E 5230? 1-1 . vena, U Q- I-A - 9115.2 -5 ' ' WAEIKV- 3'5" , .. 123!x5!3 L' 4 qgggess., r E242 Live life refreshed, look for the best, look for the real thing. Coke. , Trade-markL9 1.4 1 . Copyright CQ 1975, The Coca-Cola Company. "Coca-Cola" and "Coke" are registered trade-marks which identify the same product of The Coca-Cola Company April 1976 , 'N l 'L 'x l ' 4 l l l l l l .if 7 . f 49 N Dollar . ,2- l l ml l gf! 57' X lg! , if fl if I .Y .--1, .fill Whot A Woy To Go Why? Because the Greek Life gives you a composite of CaroIina's opportunities. Carolina offers activities to suit anyone's needs. Greek Life involves you in them. From participation in major cam- pus activities to the best intramu- ral program on campus and on to an emphasis on academics, Greeks are there. Having a good time and building bonds on friend- ship that last far beyond our col- lege days. You can be there, too. Not as a university number, but as a very special and important individual. lt is individuals that have made the Greek Life what it is today. And individuals like you can contribute to its perpetuation. We've told you what sorority and fraternity life has to offer you, but we have a feeling you have a lot to offer us. For more information about sororities or fraternities please contact the following: Sororities Fraternities Panhellenlc Council lnterfraternity Council Box 80065 Box 80137 Campus Mail Campus Mail or call Mike Compton, Advisor, 777-2780 EDITOR IN CHIEF Bob Baker SPOTLIGHT EDITOR Susan E Hedgepath ART DIRECTOR Tim Hedgecoth COPY EDITOR Catherine Watson DESIGN ASSISTANT Nelle Eargle CHIEF PHOTOGRAPHER Dane Edens PHOTOGRAPHERS Mike Barley Karl Bartholomew Susan Cate Kip Culler Johnny Drummings Dib Elam Gene Gaillard Kent Glover Russ Jeffcoat Beth Lyles Bernie Molony Steve Sheheen Bruce Sotge Don Whitney WRITERS Gail Agett Bob Baker Brenda Bell Cheryl Boltin Sherry Bryant Lisa Cagan Billy Cox Stephen B. Davis Brenda Easterling Kurt Gardner Tim Hedgecoth Susan E. Hedgepath Cecile S Holmes Mari Maseng William Mesce Colleen Parry Karen Petit Helen Smith Jonathan Sultan Mickey Trimarchi Catherine Watson Cheryl Woods TYPIST: Felicia Mitchell Cover Photo By Mike Barley 4 4 7 2 4 209 2 0 2 20 22 22 Rolling Down The River Days And Nights Faculty Afterhours Films 75 76 Russell House University Union Cultural Cinematic Contemporary Sounds Fine Arts Carolina Couples Special Programs Ideas and Issues Trips and Expeditions Student TV Free U Concerts Denver Carpenters Gladys Knight Rufus Seals and Croft Davis Skynyrd Graham Central Eagles America Tull Stewart Doobie Brothers B T Overdrive Temptations Beach Boys Allman Brothers Influences Graffitti Drugs Alcohol Roommates Frosh Sex Rape Winter Formal Black Focus Entertainment Circus Dan Wagoner Homecomin The Wonderful orld of Carolina Greek Life IFC PanHelIenic Work Move Greek Week Follies Rush Sororities-Fraternities Opera Club Activities International Week-AWS-Chinese-Indo American University Players-Carolina Forensic-Clariosophic Euphradian-Beaux Arts Who's Who Christmas Concert Religions Westminister-Wesley- Latter Day Saints-Christian Science-Baptist-Hillel-Navigators Theatre Renaissance-Love's Labors Lost-Summer Rep-Sweet Charity-Dracula-Miss Reardon BY BILLY COX Remember Ike and Tina Turner's version of "Proud Mary"? About roll- ing down the river, and all that? They started the tune off at a soft, mellow pace, and Tina added in a very allur- ing voice, "But there's just one thing - we nevah, evah do nothin' nice . . . and easy." There wasn't anything sexy about USC's Second Annual River Raft Race, but it was "nevah evah nice and easy." For the second year in a row, Carolina students flocked to the Saluda River in hopes of proving that . . . that . . . uhh, well, nothing was proved actually. Certainly many of the Saturday swabbies were hardened, red-eyed veterans of the year before, deter- mined to capture that keg of beer waiting for them at the finish line. Proud, dedicated types like Rich Ewing, captain of "The Blue Barrel Gang," who had turned in a brilliant race a year back. Defiant, herculian sorts, whose cries of "Damn the cal- louses! Full speed ahead!" would echo throughout the surrounding forests and send the curious savages and lions on the banks fleeing in terror. Brutes with streamlined, waterproof floats who thrive on vicious, oar-to- oar competition. The remaining 95 percent of the entries were sad sacks with raft structures that went over like preg- nant women trying to pole vault. There was the "Saluda Serpent," an elongated float comprised of inner- tubes lashed together on a bamboo pole. On the bow was what resembled the grinning head of a snake. There was the "Shawanga Aircraft Fac- tory," a triangular-framed thing-a- ma-jig mounted on a surfboard and decked with commode seats and Coors cans. Another nameless entity built with boards was so tall that it looked like a mobile hot-dog stand with flags. Such were the Carolina hopeful. The event, sponsored by the Uni- versity Union's Trips and Expeditions Committee, was at first designed to 144 accommodate four different divi- sions: independent, dormitory, spon- sored, and Greek. Later, because no fraternities hadbothered to enter, that category was eliminated and a special kayak section was added. Each division winner was to receive a keg of beer. In a major change from the first year's excursion, the length of the route had been shortened slightly to avoid the final set of rapids. Union officials were wary of the fact that a youth had drowned near that site ear- lier in the week. Despite the outback, over an hour after the 12:30 deadline because the Union was having trou- ble getting the supervisory canoes placed. A lot of people used the addi- tional time to repair and even con- struct their crafts. Others, realizing the hopelessness of the situation, dip- ped into their coolers to make the venture a little less painful. Finally, after anxious moments of slipping and sliding in the mud for position, some 21 rafts were ready to go. Officials had decided to run each division at staggered intervals to avert what would have been the big- gest aqua-mess since the evacuation of Dunkirk. As soon as the go was 1 Kip Cullbf The river raft race begins to get hairy on a wide stretch of open water when the current spins one crew around and almost forces a collision. there were still some four and a half miles of the Saluda River to be crossed, and the Union had promised a beer truck would be waiting at the finish. This set the stage for the race on a beautiful Saturday afternoon. The sailors who had made it to the launch site fmany reported losing bits and pieces of their rafts en route to the scenej untied the floats from their cars and hiked over an open field to the riverbanks. There they waited for given at each interval, the sailors splashed off into the cold, murky yon- der with a fury. Most of them, at least. In the dorm category, one raft composed of two barrels strapped together was obviously allergic to Water. It immediately rolled over on its side - dead and dumped its crew into the river. Others disintegrated little by little down the stretch. While each crew broke from the starting lines with determination, it became quickly evident that only the I? .-iii, LK Li Kin cuss.: Up to their knees in high, muddy water, Hank Fisher, Ken Maclnnis, Robert Payne, Dave Hood and Marty Jones guide the Titanic across the start- ing line. strongest would make any time. One by one, rafts began slowly dropping out of the active competition as their pilots watched the better-built ves- sels disappear from view. Once again, coolers were opened and the voyagers laid back and soaked up the sunshine, one hand broke up the monotony by entertaining his crewmates and pass- ers-by with a stand-up striptease act. The currents were agonizingly slow. That may have accounted for the surprise in store when the Saluda was broken by the first set of rapids. Many lost control of their rafts on the rocks, spinning, bouncing and crash- ing at all angles. The "Saluda Ser- pent" broke its spine and tossed its riders overboard. Slower currents fol- lowed, then a milder set of rapids, then more slow currents. The make- shift mariners were being sapped of their strength by the sun, the water and the beer. Like a glimpse of the pearly gates, the bonfire on the banks signaled the end of the journey. For the record, Ewing's gang took first place in the independent division, Barry Dicker- son, represent Navy, won the spon- sored bracket, Dixon Davis was first in the dorm race, and Mike Tarlton wrapped up the kayak division. The finishers dragged themselves ashore and crumpled down on the rocks. Others wandered listlessly over to the fire and thawed out. "There's no beer truck here," their tired, glis- tening eyes seemed to say. It was all too true - after all they had gone through that day there was no beer truck to greet them. Slowly, surely, as the sun began to slide down and the pines cast long shadows over the area, the grounded shipmen hoisted their battered floats onto the fire and trickled up the hill to their cars. Four crews could boast of being winners. For the others . . . well, they could take home a sunburn, aching muscles, and a story that their grandchildren someday might not believe. 145 I -,Z NOW! AT LAST! IN PRINT! The After-Hours Delights Of Cdroilinofs Student Body by bill mesce Staying at USC, particularly if one is living on campus and is from out- of-state, is somewhat akin to being in prison, your two main interests are getting out and passing the time. There's very little one can do about the first except work and pray for more brains. As to passing the time, well, this can become a fine art. There are three categories of "time eating." Constructive activities, non- constructive activities, and semi-con- structive activities. Under constructive activities, always a popular time-passer is sports. Intramurals, though, have a bad reputation. Their code seems to be "Spin your partner round and round, punch 'em inna nose and stomp 'em inna ground." 1 KIDCulI1:'r Bates Westman Jeff Coggin whiles away an afternoon inluxury, washing his laundry which occasionally comes out right. It would seem safer to get a occupy their time chasing each other, drinking beer, building floats, drink- ing beer, helping each other scholasti- cally, throwing people in the reflec- tion pool, singing dirty songs and incidentally, they drink beer. Other constructive activities are dorm or hall projects. The average count of people getting involved in socially redeemable activities is usu- ally five per cent of the dorm popu- lace. It should be obvious that Doing Something Constructive is boring. So on to Nonconstructive. This.is a point of view category. Really, nonconstructive things are those that need to be done and one usually hates to do but will eventu- ally do out of boredom. Top on the list is cleaning one's room. Usually, the exasperation which brings this comes late in the semester, which means that dirt and grime have built up to the point where cleaning a room is not passing time, but a job for the Army Engi- neer. Another hazard is the fact that both roommates never feel like clean- ing the room simultaneously. Kicking up dust and soaking the floor are completely incompatible with reading dirty magazines. Personal friction usually results. And nobody's got the nerve to clean the toilet. I Doing laundry is a major thrill. The machines cake detergent into your clothes and dryers then dry them into a damp mush. Thrill. And all those genius freshmen who decide to save that quarter. Why separate colors and white? Throw them in permanent press and turn everything gray. 7 trying to get in or out of the infir- mary, and trying to get one's car to run are some favorite, less than enjoyable activities. Under the semi-category one finds the backbone of keeping one's self occupied. Bar-hopping certainly heads the list. Bar-hopping is the act of going from one bar to another and seeing how many you can hit before either aj getting arrested or bl passing out. A popular target on the bar-hop is Don's. Don's is either empty like a tomb or so packed it takes much forti- tude and a crowbar to get in. Once in, it becomes a feat of strength just to mpcullef On the blacktop beside Woodrow, Mike Ryan tries to stop a hook shot by Joe Debevc that Bill Syrett awaits in the descent. get your arms clear enough to sip. your brew. Some popular occurrences in crowds like this are cigarette burns on the hand and getting your glasses knocked,off and Watching them get ground into S80 worth of expensive, powder. Lioing to the games is pretty good. To do that, one must get up at the crack of dawn, or camp out, to get ultimately lousy tickets, hustle to the stadium for ColiseumJ, down a few pints, enjoy the game, the cheerlead- ers, and yes, even the vicarious pleas- ure of that heaving relief at the end of the night. Friday and Saturday nights are good for stalking Main Street, hitting a few flicks, getting picked up by WAC's who look like they were the losing team against the L.A. Rams, and watching the G.I.'s get busted. Definitely, the number-one pas- time which does not adequately fit any category, is chasing girls. Speak- ing strictly from a male's point of view, among the fine arts of keeping occupied, this is the finest and, if suc- cessful, the most enjoyable. The pursuance of those of the femi- nine gender comes in a variance of forms. Panty Raids are the most energetic if the least successful. Orig- inally, way back when, before cotton underwear even, guys used to run around campus with witty, semi-lurid chants so that girls, amidst the water, fireworks, bottles, cans, toilet paper and other debris, would toss those quaint, frilly underthings. However, a new aspect has been added. Phone numbers. But, no girl ever throws her own. It's always somebody's friend who thinks it's funny as hell to bust her roomie like that. Some numbers thrown out are usually the Resident's number or the campus cops. As far as getting dates, fraternities have the best track record for suc- cessful match-ups. Friends on the hall, however, are another story. It's usually a friend of this guy's girl- friend who everybody figures deserves a break and you're elected. It's nice to start with a dinner, which can range anywhere "from Capri's to Burger King, depending on how good the girl looks. Then a trip to the flicks with a follow-up at Don's l " USC 4 - I' r fll xi. f , ,- 1 4 .li M Q ...X x ,g ps S H -- ---l-l-W-v-v-l- 111111- -H-.,,..,,l, .5 ' I 1, . . .. f X . ,fmwf-Egit-'v'! .... . . if 1 fav' at A '11 ' i in x ' . "f . 1 . . il , 3, it flags? J. ., X ilk l X, Q P xg "Bars come andtgo, but Don's is always here." The -. Q.llri,', H 3 " speaker, Don h1mself,ser?ves a couple at the bar ,Q wfet fgtsq fabovej. He built the bar rdom 12 years ago and has - added a second room fright, under the signj with a 'l' ll dance floor and juke box and a third fbelowl, some- what elevated, with games and amusements. Don's is one of the students' favorite watering holes in the city. , l 1 1 l Z 1 P- 5 - Y. I A-A 2. Jil.. O 1 " ' ' if f l 5 . E ,, N V' .A ' NF- 1 ' 1' . ' . YW... 'MN l-:.."'..."5+-' J'--.-l,--1':.' ffl! 'f ' 1 .. , 'digs-' " . "d Beyond the Books by jonathan sultan KAIIBBIIISOWITBW Math instructor T. Monroe derives axioms on the chalkboard for Mathematical Analysis II, which ends the academic day for her. Though students seldom realize it, the faculty forms just as diverse a group as that of the student body. This is evident from talking with some professors about their activities after their teaching day is over. "Let me see, usually aside from teaching and time in my office, I am off-campus most of the time, except for time at the gymnasium," said Dr. Emil Lechner, English professor at USC for two years. A fan of certain sporting events, Lechner likes to spend a good amount of his time running cross-country and swimming. He said that the universi- ty's new swimming pool is an excel- lent place to enjoy the sport of swim- ming. "Almost every weekend contains an aimless outing, no intention of going any place in particular." Lech- ner said that he finds himself in the most interesting places when he stops on his aimless outings. Another source of enjoyment for Lechner is movies. "Russell House films are good opportunities for doing something. Movies in the company of pretty girls are better than any other movies." When Lechner is free from his teaching activities for a long enough time he usually sets out for Oklahoma or Texas. "I know the most about Houston, Texas. Here in Columbia there is not quite so much to do." "I do not have enough leisure time. Teaching is very demanding. If one is not working here fat the universityl, one is working at home. Moments of leisure have to be stolen from jobs that are waiting to be done." Harry Miller, also a bachelor, is a' professor in the College of General Studies. He said that he has no split between his work and his play. "I read and listen to music for I must be in a state of necessary low interactive solitude to prepare for a high interac- tive solidarity with my students dur- ing the day." Miller occasionally escapes to the beach or to Atlanta for a change of pace, but finds television to be one of the safest narcotics. "You can escape from anything through TV," said Miller. "When I watch, I watch just garbage." C. Brian Honess, professor of busi- ness administration, maintains two homes. One is in Pennsylvania while the other is here in Columbia. As for hobbies, "I own a company that buys, sells and manufactures computers." Honess made it clear that this is strictly a hobby. "I fly and I am fairly active with a commercial jazz band," he replied when asked of other hobbies. "I travel extensively, I really work all over the country." "I am more inclined to be found at the off-sports Crugby, soccerj. I am not that wild about going to football games." Honess has a hierarchy of events for use of his leisure timeL "Writing, paper-grading and then hobbies." Honess always goes straight home after a day of work. As for Columbia, he said, "Medio- cre at best. A larger metropolitan center would provide the people and outlets I need for my hobbies. But, I'd rather be here CColumbiaJ even though Columbia does not provide the things I need for my hobbies. "Pm gone all the time. I usually buzz over to Atlanta. I am fairly active in speaking to associations," said Honess about how he spends his weekend time. Another professor, Dr. Philip Coo- ley, also in the business administra- tion college, said, "I like to play cards fpokerj and read. Most of my reading has to do with my profession Cmana- gerial financel. "I participate in non-violent sports, like swimming. I try to play golf, but recently I've only played once or twice a year." Unlike other professors, Cooley likes to watch television occasionally. "I watch at least one football game fa weekendl. On Sunday afternoon we often go out for a ride with the fam- ily." Cooley has a wife and two daughters. Cooley is very involved in after- hour activities at the university. "The Faculty Club normally has parties, and I usually attend all of them." Cooley is the Secretary-Treasurer of the Faculty Club. "I like to be socially active with my colleagues at the uni- versity." Cooley really does not think he needs that much more free time. "At this point in my career I believe a per- son who is young in his profession has to spend more time at his profession than people who are later on in their profession. Just enough leisure time to break up my work is all I need." Cooley devotes so much extra time to his profession that he feels if he is given any more it would just go towards his profession. "I am my own boss. I don't want any more leisure time." Jon Formo, an art professor, could use much more leisure time, and use it constructively. During his free time he Works on either ceramics or sculp- tures. Presently he is working on a sculpture funded by the National In a lakeside chaise longue, Dr. William Adams-Smith reflects on the hardships of a day at the University. su C' Knrlilrihbibmhw A clay bowl takes shape in John Formo's hands at his studio. Ceramics, Formo's area of study, is also his hobby. Endowment of the Arts. The Work, when completed, will be 20 feet high and will stand in the Old Market Square in Easley, South Carolina. It is one of only three such works funded through the endowment. Formo's other hobbies include working in the pits While his son races motor cars, helping his daughters with their horses, and his latest inter- est - blowing glass. "Any more free time from the uni- versity would be spent in the studio working on the sculpture for Easley or at the potter's Wheel," said Formo. Professors at USC are a very div- erse group, with many different after-hour interests. As with stu- dents, the faculty's various interests cause them to be the individuals they are. x i' ' 1 5 X N 2 F 5 -WE' if i 'id r- wif, If 'saggy .Nt X! Ffh 1.3 PF . ti fi - ff-S .,f-"M, E fmt? .X -..,. . Q ., f, BR . 'sity ' :f" 'f "- 55 1 . 1554, Xxjfs !xE,s,,, . tres ' 1 J 7 ft . ......w.---s.--Miw.--ec.-. me conNfKAms PHARMACY! mon: zsa-6391 R a. Psuotsmu s-rs: COLUMBIA.S.C. "Across From The Campus" Drugs Cosmetics Soda Fountain H 1?-,J finest Innes IH artusts materials 3-11- :li phoenix artists materials nc MEMBER 927 mam 771 4403 . 7 I strlg ,QQf77"f'!i-l'iT'e a -. I L-Z. . ' . , i ' - sms - . 1a"'4ssof-55519 4- 'l'l'y fb iv I th hang of ic. Face it...you've always wanted to fly! Nlost of us re- member that feeling...and for a lot of us it never went away. If you're one of those, Air Force ROTC can get you wing- ing. Our Flight lnstruction Pro- gram CFIPJ is designed to teach you the basics of flight. We don't do it with a hang Contact glider but the FIP does include flying lessons in light aircraft at a civilian-operated flying school. The program is an ex- tra given to those who want to become Air Force pilots through Air Force ROTC. Taken during the senior year in college, it is the first step for the guy who wants to go on to Air Force pilot training in jets after graduation. Air Force ROTC also offers scholarships. . . S100 a month allowance...plus it pays for books, and lab fees in addition to full tuition. This is all re- served forthe guy who wants to get the hang of Air Force flying. Department ot Aerospace Studies Flinn Hall, University ot South Carolina Columbia, S. C. 29208 Phone: 777-4l35 Pllf if dll fOgefl1el' ill Ai! FOYCB ROTC Q . A rf Q 4 by william mesce The wave of films which probably caused the most commotion in Columbia and those which spearheaded the film season were either disaster pictures or sequels to previous successes. "Airport 1975," the sequel to "Airport," led the wave of really big disaster pics and lived up to its genre title: disaster. The only survivor from the original picture is George Kennedy, who is also one of the only two major stars in it and Karen Black Linda Blair has a handful of lines Helen Reddy proves that singing is her forte for she sure cannot act and Gloria Swanson in one of Holly woods tackiest moments plays herself while the rest of the cast tells her how great she IS There is no suspense no spectacular special effects no good story Vying for worst script of the year is Airport 1975 s studio partner Earthquake With the same cruddy writing directing and acting fwith the exception of George Kennedyj the only thing Earthquake has over Airport is some stunning special effects though the sensational sensur round is nothing more than an overblown stereo Both films were plagued with cliches lack of inspiration by cast and Crew and an almost fright equally attractive all-star cast. There is also a fear and horror of death conveyed in "Inferno" not present in others of the genre. Though unde- servedly gaining a Best Picture Oscar nomination, "Inferno" was admittedly highly entertaining and a credit to the genre. Such success has sparked Allen to further productions, and at this writing he is preparing "The Day the World Ended" based on the 1902 explosion of Mt Pelee on Martinique Sequels being what they are and having a nasty reputation for dogs the public and critics waited with understandable apprehension for Godfather Part II All received a pleasant surprise Utilizing deepei characterizations and thematic content this sequel was in some ways even better than its predecessor Performances by all were excellent ftheie were five Oscar nominations for perform ances and eleven in alll as was Francis Ford Cop pola s directing which was loyal to the flavor of the original Godfather Especially good were the sequences of the origin of the Corleone family in turn of the century America The film then fol lows the physical and moral decline of the Cor leones as leader Michael CAI Pacinol retreats fur ening shrugging off of mass death Towering Inferno tried to be differ en In the first joining of forces between two stu dios due to lack of funds producer Irwin Allen took the resources of Warner Bros and Twentieth Cen tury Fox to create the most expensive disaster picture S15 million and the most profitable As of February 1975 S600 mil lion had been received in theater receipts and rent als Though still riddled with the same cliche situa tions and characters the the special effects stun ningly staged and directed by Allen himself while director Iohn Guillerman coaxed attractive per formances from me-eqeaeew-ee be Mfg if 'ifilfa Aff YW 2 2815 R M 'K S? .ff E oooQowwtsy.M.a-Sq -3-'W .WV P .XM5 m 55525 SEQ" ther and further into the evil make up of a cold blooded Maf1os1 the film taking on the film noir atmosphere reminiscent Citizen Kane domain whose colors are only various shades of darkness Concerning movies in a lighter vein leadership of the area for now went to the zany genius of Mel Brooks Brooks inspired writer for the old Get Smart TV series and mastermind of the highly successful The Produc ers for which his screen play won an Oscar heap with his parody western Blazing Sad dles his first film since the not so successful Twelve Chairs of five years a o A one 9 . . 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S H reviewer put it, in "Saddles," Brooks tries to tread the thin line between vulgarity and tastelessness, not always with success. It takes a broad and toler- ant mind to watch the irreverent, almost brutal comedic content, but if one is in such a frame of mind, "Blazing Saddles" is a laugh riot and con- tains some of the choicest comic bits to hit the screen in a long time. The most famous being a dozen cowboys sitting around a campfire eating beans and ejecting a veritable concert of passed gas. Perhaps not in the publics opinion, but overall critical acclaim states that Brooks surpassed him- self with his second feature, "Young Frankenstein." "Franken- stein" has what "Saddles" is missing, discipline, a tighter arrangement of comic gags and a slacken- ing of Brooks' characteris- tic bathroom humor. His direction is more inspired, and the screenplay by himself and star Gene Wilder is almost a shot- by-shot parody of the old Frankenstein film flicks. Performances are tremen- dously enjoyable, the scenes filled with comic subtleties and the pic a notable testament to Brooks' comic ability. Funny, though techni- cally not a comedy, was Robert Aldrich's "Longest Yard." Aldrich, most suc- cessful with he-man flicks such as "Dirty Dozen," "Flight of the Phoenix," remained true to form. The first portion of the film, scriptwise, is terrible. It is nothing more than a reiteration of prison film cliches of God knows how long ago with which Aldrich does his best. The last 45 minutes are what makes the film worth seeing. The scene of the football game between guards and prisoners is superb. The editing, rhythm and split-screen all work the viewers into an inspired frenzy. The game is even better than the staged game of Altman's "M"AfS"H" and is both comic and invigorating. Performances, though secondary to the action, are well-handled by Burt Reynolds with his usual lop-sided grinning charm and Eddie Albert as the somewhat unbal- anced warden. Taking the nostalgia movement on a different track, Sydney Lumet's version of Agatha Christie's "Murder on the Orient Express" parades before us some of the stars of quite a while ago flngrid Berg- man for instancej not so long ago fRichard Wid- markl and contemporary tAlbert Finney, nomi- nated for an Oscarj in an enjoyable, colorful, extremely well-acted and well-directed romp through Christie's mystery, with a bit of camp, a 152 slice of tongue in cheek, a lot of style and class, and a hardy dose of audience enjoyment. Gne of the more .intriguing entries of the season in respects to content and style was Bob Fosse's "Lenny-," allegedly the story of comedian Lenny Bruce, famous for his disregard for ethnic, social, political and language-use barriers. There are faults with the film. For instance, it takes a while for the viewer to sort out the elliptical framework of the film. The film is carried on along three dif- ferent lines simultaneously: his career progression intercut with his last performance and court bat- tle, and interviews with those who knew him. Some over-artful camera work and editing adds to the confusion. But after that, Fosse accurately cap- tures the atmosphere of the seedy, garish strip joints and coaxes excel- lent performances from Dustin Hoffman in the title role and Valerie Per- rine as his wife. The script has a tendency to look at Bruce as some sort of cru- sader ultimately drawn down by hisiwife, but in this respect is not quite accurate. But the film remains both entertaining and well-done. One of the best features of its genre and of the sea- son as a whole was Roman Polanski's "China- town," Robert Towne's screenplay, kind of a Dashiell Hammet type of affair, was inspired by a true incident during the 1930's as a Bogart-type private-eye gets mixed up in government scandals and some intriguing per- sonal ones. The dialogue was intelligent and witty, and Iack Nicholson and Faye Dunaway in the star- ring roles gave marvelous performances. Polanski aptly carries the era while indulging in gloom and his customary gore plus a good deal of cynicism. The nightmarish finale was both a surprise and excellently-handled. Martin Scorsese, the brilliant young mind behind "Mean Streets," has returned with a sec- ond triumph in "Alice Doesnlt Live Here Any- more." Ellen Burstyn plays a tour de force role as a brand new widow trying to make a life for herself and her 12 year-old son, excellently played by Alfred Lutter, in a man's world. Though the story at times comes close to being maudlin it is always witty and intelligent. More so, Scorsese has made one of the few successfully entertaining films about women aimed for both sexes to come along in recent years. He has a magic touch for creating real characters, real situations and the feeling that you cannot forget these people because you have probably known them. Many people, hearing that Peter Benchley's novel "Jaws" was to be made into a movie, thought the result would be either bad, gratuitously violent, or both. Sur- prise! "Jaws," in the hands of 27-year-old Steven Spiel- berg, director of "Duel" and "Sugarland Express," comes off as one of the best action pictures to hit the screen in a long time. Benchley's original story has been stripped of most of its trite soap opera ramblings, and what remains is a story whose pace and nerve-wracking scenes never cease. One critic has even claimed that as far as suspense goes, Spielberg is in the same league as Hitchcock. While the action centers on land, this story of a 25 foot killer shark ravaging a New England resort town keeps one on the edge of his seat wondering who will be the next victim and when will the shark strike next? The last third of the film the seaborne chase to kill the fish puts Moby Dick to shame Roy Scheider as the frenzied fearful police chief and Richard Dreyfuss as a glib researcher take top acting honors Robert Shaw as the professional shark killer started out a bit too hammy but soon fell 1nto a good performance The script is always witty and taut Photography IS excellent and the movie immensely Shampoo 1S an ambitious film As an allegory on modern morals Shampoo is set against the 1968 elec tions to show a new era where loss of cred1b1l1ty and truth is the credo The script by Robert Town of China town is witty intelligent and perceptive and handled flawlessly by an excellent cast featuring Warren Beatty as a playboy hairdresser Goldie Hawn Julle Christie and Lee Grant as his women, and Jack Warden as a cuc- kolded husband. Hal Ashby's direction hurts the preten- sions of the film, however, and manages to be somewhat unimaginative and for the most part, purely functional. Ashby's bold-faced, plain, almost documentary style which worked well in "The Last Detail" is unapplicable here. The Monty Python Flying Circus is neither an acro- batic act nor a crew of snake trainers but a sophisticated, imaginative and funny comedy group from England who show off their talents in "Monty Python and the Holy Grail." It is like a Mel Brooks work only with more sophistication behind the wit. Though not as hilarious as the Brooks counterparts, "Holy Grail" is always clever, with several choice scenes such as a man-killing rabbit or the climactic charge broken up by a police bust. "Holy Grail" will probably wind up to be the comedy of this year and hopefully M P F C will be heard from again After receiving much critical flack on his past few films Robert Altman makes a stupendous comeback in a fresh unique potent and highly entertaining effort Nashville Boastlng 24 stars all performing expertly Altman paints a complex deep portrait of an America whose every effort to cling to pre Vietnam innocence only portrays a corruptness and sometimes even deca dence beneath a layer of pseudo Americana in the guise of Nashville Altman somehow interweaves the 24 sto ries quite successfully letting his actors and actresses improvise at which point they become recognizable not as stereotypes but as types we ve known in our lives The frame is packed with acts at varying depths and the dialogue is crisp and witty The ending however IS puzz ling open-ended and excessively tragic in light of the more satirical air maintained throughout the film It is one of the best pictures of the year Mr 'Q Your senses vsnll never be the same 153 N I 7 n Q s s i . I 7 7 7 7 ll ' 17 ' ' ' 7 I 7 . ' 9 9 ' ' 7 7 7 , . . , . 7 ' 9 9 " Y l H. 'T 4- 'j ',,f4., ' ' ' ' ' .R-"' -s'i-'vi if LA 1 4, 1- - . r 5. li-' "" ' ' . t ' I D 9 is " V I , ' ' 1- ' U - sig, ' 2 ' 1 ' we N ,fn 1 W, . . , . . . fig ' ' sep ia . . 31, ' j f F ,hx 731 . . . . ' :if l g 4 A 'N e' 1. , QI!! 51- P fl v . . . ., V3 - ' ,X ,Fig ,fi John W1ll1am's score, one of his few good ones, adds to fi ' ' 'ET' vi- J f Q F E ' . ' 'Wai ' ' i ' . J, , N ,, . . . . I .gl g MV" :VI 1 ' 'L'-f, ti' ' .5'.i'i' , I lfx - . . . i. , -. l :fm -i Vfi?-ff ' in f Q r 9 'lf ' . A 7 7 3 SGTSTHG gm soo Yew f'loLyG'R7i1L After several losers, most notably u9944f100'7b Dead," John Frankenheimer returns to the list of worthy direc- tors with "French Connection II." This sequel to William Friedkin's original is more in the action vein than its predecessor, which had an almost documentary air. However, it is still very successful and handsomely done, moving at a brisk clip with a good use of the on-location Marseilles setting. Gene Hackman, once again "Popeye" Doyle, is in France chasing down the infamous "Frog One," head of a narcotics ring. Hackman's performance is flawless, adequately portraying the barbaric cop lost in the strange ways of a foreign country. Franken- heimer plays down the gore while managing some very good action scenes and a climactic finale. Sydney Pollack's "Three Days of the Condor" is a good movie plagued by trying to be better. Taken at its sur- face level, "Condor" comes off as a taut, suspenseful keep 'em guessing spy yarn about a renegade CIA uncovered by unwitting Robert Redford. In this well-photographed tale set in New York City, Redford is hounded by a collection of killers, including an intellectual hired assassin played with perfect silki- ness by Max von Sydow. The rest of the cast also performs handsomely, 154 although to judge by the size of their parts, they're there more for name value more than anything else, namely the likes of Faye Dunaway, Cliff Robertson and John Houseman. However, the film also seems to be trying to capitalize on the current CIA paranoia, plus it throws in some added social commentary towards the end, which seems like a last minute dive for relevancy. Pollack handles all the action Well except the opening massacre, which comes off too slow paced almost to the point of being sluggish. If one were to walk the Bowery in New York, the East Side in Chicago, the docks of San Francisco or the river front in New Orleans, where."Hard Times" is set, one would hear such a story from the old times. The story of Chaney QCharles Bronsonj, a man of 1933 with few words and less money who turns to bare-fisted, first-one-on-the-floor-loses boxing matches set up by his fast-talking partner, Speed Games Coburnl. Brand new director Walter Hill tells the story simply, Without any cinematic pretensions, more than ade- quately conveying a past ignored by the nostalgia craze, a past of barren, fruitless times, of people in shabby clothes, little money and fewer prospects. The performances are handsomely done. Hill pays close attention to faces, especially Bronson's this first time really acting since "Death Wish"J, perfectly utiliz- ing a look of psychological fatigue and pain. The fights are excellently staged and at key times, appropriately edge-of-seaters. About the Reviewer When Bill Mesce was originally approached concern- ing the writing of this film article, we found him not only to be interested in film, but also to have a very extensive knowledge of it. Bill 's interest goes back 7 or 8 years of which the last 2 have been spent actually malf- ing his own films. Three of those films have won Mario Awards presented in the 565 Film Festivals held at USC. Bill started doing research on actors and directors from the View point of a 'T'an" but his interest grew as he became more technically interested. Although he has always wanted to major in film it has been a long road for Bill in school - going through the Colleges of Lib- eral Arts and Journalism to finally find it under General Studies. Of' V C Z Q Z 0 UH T FS DIVG russell house Over 200 dlfferenl programs are offered sfudenrs each semesler allhough lhe umon IS allocaied only S7 per sludeni g many facets of Carollna l1fe the Russell House Un1vers1ty Un1on approxlmately 150 people out of over 20 000 full tlme students were lnvolved The number of people actively lnvolved ln the Un1on varles from semester to semester accordlng to Gretchen Laatsch asslstant dlrector for grammmg who has been wlth the Un1on for our years Laatsch sald I d say We have a falr representa t1on of dlfferent types of people though not a good balance by any means The Un1on she Sald does work closely Wlth other campus orgamzatlons to counteract thls She mentloned the Afro Amerlcan Assoclatlon as one example The UHIOH recelves money from three dlfferent sources whlch IS channeled mto varlous areas State approprlatlons cover the salarles of Un1on staff personnel Russell House malntenance employees many of whom are ln the Work study program For f1scal year 1975 76 S168 274 was approprl ated for Un1on programs from the Student Alloca tlons Commlsslon CSACJ All of thls money came from the student fee all full tlme Carolma students ay Laatsch sald Students have the responslblllty by ceclle s holmes for programmlng and strong lnput xnto pollcy maklng at the Un1on The 10 program commlttees are Cmematlc Arts Contemporary Sounds Cul tural SGFIGS Carolma Couples Flne Arts Free Um verslty Ideas and Issues Speclal Issues Student Telev1s1on and Trlps and Expedltlons Each com mlttee PGCGIVBS a certaln amount of the SAC money for programmmg Contemporary Sounds though IS expected to generate revenue through tlcket sales and the allo cated funds by no means cover all concert expen ses Laatsch sald the UHIOH trles to deal wlth each programmlng area on a one to one b3.S1S strug ghng to meet the needs of the Un1vers1ty commu mty The Un1on she sald trles to mamtaln a bal ance between 1ts commlttees even though mem bershlp numbers vary greatly from commlttee to commlttee A system called non funded accounts IS the other fmanclal area the Russell House Un1vers1ty Un1on 1S responslble for These accounts mclude such ser vlces as the Russell House Game Room the Qu1ck Copy Center and the Golden Spur mght club These operatlons are expected to generate revenue Laaatsch sa1d but they operate on a break even as1s She cont1nued None of lt IS set u to be proflt It we exceeded our revenue we wou d change our program The Un1on mlght also channel any excess revenue she sald 1nto another programmmg area Formmg a major part of the Umverslty llfe the Un1on also mamtams fac1l1t1es hke R G Bell Camp and the Campus Klddle Nursery at Woodland Ter race Apartments Because the UDIOH IS flnanced partlally through student fees Laatsch Sald the Un1on conducted a dents got from the Un1on for then' money She sa1d that out of about S7 a semester allocated to the Un1on per student a student was provlded Wlth more than 200 programs flnanced through that money Carollna students can have more lnput lnto Un1on affalrs If they so deslre Un1on Secretary Fel1c1a M1tchell Sald Anybody at Carolma can be a member but ln order to become a votmg member you have to attend three consecutlve meetmgs of one commlttee Mltchell Sald regxstratlon IS a tlme to flll out one of the Un1on cards and speclfy which commlttee a student would llke to serve on The student IS then contacted by the commlttee s chalrperson and not1 fled of the flrst meetlng Laatsch sald the UHIOH had been ln o eratlon for 10 years For the past three years s e Sald the Un1on has taken budgets from the SAC Its budget has decreased from an allocatlon ln the program nnng d1v1s1on of about 35200 000 to the S168 274 flg ure for th1s year No programs have been cutback though accord1ng to Laatsch desplte the budget decrease We ve trled to break out of our enclo sure she sald and make ourselves avallable to any student L 7 T C . 77 - - ' . o . u , o , :- ..Il . 1 1 . 1 " - A I , . . , , , " 302 P- ' ' 0 .1 1 , - A I- . I 3 - - . , - . . . u , .. 7 . . . - - 0 , 0 - L 1 4 ' I ll a ' u - sl .1 . , . 0 tl 0 0 c , if - 15 ' - , , . I I , . - 1 l - I - l l u . 0 . . l In an or amzatlon that oversees and controls survey ln sprmg 1975 to determme Just what stu- . 1 - . 7 . 5, a n 1 u , -I . u . 4 , 0 . . I a , . I c 0 n . 1 . . iP1'0' . . . . . , . . . . . ,, . . ' KK 7 ' - ' 7 ' u Q , , q n 9 77 ' ' ' H ' y - 7 1 u . u o u u A 1 u - n 0 , . 0 n , n s u . Q n . u o , - n . I - Y y .- . . , , . - . . . . . y . , . - . . ,, , . - 77 ' ll ' p . ' ll ' ' ' , 77 , , . flflfc' fain Yfzg and Crash hy . in the Same lfreafh I by brenda bell Eight people working with the Car- olina community to bring the classical forms of the performing arts to USC - that's the Cultural Series commit- tee of the University Union. Committee chairman Pun Nio said that the committee attempts to bring "classical music, jazz, drama, theatre, instrumentalists, pantomime, one- man shows - anything for entertain- , f In f'Greetings," the opening to Lotte Goslar's "Clowns and Other Fools," Kenneth Mac Donald grins under a huge Bulbous nose as he dances with Lotte. 156 ment, but also so the Carolina com- munity can get something more out of it. Education through entertain- ment, in other words." One particular kind of program is the residency program, whereby the artist or performer fsj comes to USC to perform, lecture and hold work- shops to enable students to become more familiar with what techniques are actually used in producing their specific kind of performance. In the fall two residency programs were held at USC. One, by singer Chuck Mitchell, was presented in dif- ferent classrooms in order to get ini- tial responses from students on a one- to-one basis. Also, a pantomime circus from New York demonstrated their free-form mime dance style of per- forming. In November, Ramsey Lewis pre- sented a one-night performance of contemporary jazz and soul at Caro- lina Coliseum. February brought another resi- dency, the Dinglefest Theatre, a small improvisational group. In March, the New England Symphonia made a one-night appearance. This orchestra has a black conductor, one of the few in the country. A modern dance company, the Eliz- abeth Keen Dance Company, per- formed at different locations around campus during its half-week resi- dency in April. The Cultural Series Committee decided throughout the year on other minor programs to bring to Carolina. The committee works with the National Entertainment Conference, if aexntynss As Lotte Goslar's dance instructor in "Child Prodigy," Gary Cowan tries to bite! back his frustration with his inept pupil. an entertainment programming agency, and with the South Carolina Arts Commission on certain events which need co-sponsoring. USC students needs have first pri- ority with the Cultural Series. The committee wants feedback from themg they want to bring the events which appeal most to USC students. The committee considers bringing any event which would not exceed the budget of the committee. CThe committee is funded by money from student activity feesj Events sponsored by the Cultura Series are free to students and to th public. Q., 72 by brenda bell In an effort to have a well-rounded film program for the students to enjoy, the Cinematic Arts Committee brings a wide array of films to cam- pus each semester. The committee, composed of 25 stu- dents, welcome suggestions from stu- dents as to movies they would like to see. Committee members also go through film catalogs and make sug- gestions to the committee about pos- sible films. Finally, the committee as a whole votes on the films nominated to decide which ones will be brought to Carolina. On Monday, Tuesday and Wednes- day nights, films are shown free to students and their guests. A different film is shown on each of these nights. On Thursday and Friday, and sometimes Saturday if the movie is popular, for only 51.00, students can est Yard," "Blazing Saddles" and "Murder on the Orient Express." Funding for the films comes from student activity fees and from the money taken in from the pay films each .week. Members need only to enjoy movies to be on the committee, there are no other prerequisites. As an added bonus, official members are eligible for free passes to pay films. Whenever possible the Cinematic Arts Committee tries to co-sponsor special programs with other Univer- sity Union committees. For example, in November, the Cinematic Arts Committee, along with the Ideas and Issues Committee, sponsored film director, Brian DePalma of Holly- wood. DePalma has directed such movies as "Phantom of the Paradise" and "Greetings" starring Robert DeNiro. So6lnCaIn Before the first show Friday night, Nace Few more recent films like "The Long- checks out the picture of Jacqueline Bisset on the showcase poster of "Day for Night." My .5 Y fa ff?- ,4k'. DlbElam Arthur and Hurley Cwithout their former colleague Gottliebj lean into the- mike at the Golden Spur to perform laid-back country rock. EARS FRONT - Contemporary Sounds Marches On fu' 1" ,H E I 1 ..-A: Don wnlmay Chuck Mitchell not only did the stage shows but also taught guitar workshops, spicing his conversation with words on the state of the environment. 158 by cheryl wood When students want a diversion from classes and studying, one cam- pus organization that sponsors enter- tainment programs is the University Union's Contemporary Sounds. "Basically, what we try to do is bring quality and a variety of enter- tainment to students," said chairman Eddie Blakely. The committee tries to offer programs different from other places in Columbia, thus giving stu- dents an "entertainment alternative." The programs sponsored by Con- temporary Sounds vary from the small scale in the Golden Spur - where, for example, students can per- form - to large productions in the Carolina Coliseum. The variety also includes recording groups that have cut an album or two but have not made it big, and outdoor concerts on the Russell House Patio and on the intramural field. The opening of the new ballroom in the Russell House Addition will give the opportunity to bring in acts big- ger than those in the Golden Spur but not large enough for the coliseum. Suggestions for different acts come from students and committee members. Contemporary Sounds also has connections with major enter- tainment agencies which give inform- ation on groups touring the area. Some of the programs this year included the acoustic acts of Pat and Sandy, and Susan and Richard Thomas. Comedian Kenny Kramer, who was co-sponsored by the Contemporary Sounds and Ideas and Issues commit- tees, also performed in the Golden Spur. In addition he gave a lecture on behalf of NORMAL, advocating a reform of marijuana laws. In September the committee spon- sored a beer bust with the Association of Afro-American Students at the National Guard Armory. It featured the groups Soul Dimensions and Mother's Finest from Atlanta. Rock groups performing in the Gol- den Spur included Barnabye Bye and Rock Mountain Band. Country and bluegrass music was provided by the Mission Mountain XW0od Band in November. A free concert for students in December at the Coliseum featured the Daryl Hall and John Oates Band and Gary Wright, a founding member of Spooky Tooth. A special feature presented in the Golden Spur was a local talent show- case. Anyone from Columbia could participate, but it was aimed at Caro lina students who did not normall have the chance to perform. The ide for a talent show was the result o much interest expressed by student who wanted to perform in the Spur. In any event, contemporary sound provided University of South Caro lina students with a diversion fro classes and studying. Some of the rock groups brought i were of the best local talent, and few of the major concerts were ope free of charge to all students, th enhancing the groups' stature amon them. Variety was the name of t game for Contemporary Sounds, a variety they had. wg-3. I 'r-. . V , ffitfiws gas A '. fat, u g: Q i'5 "f1w - X -A-5. .A z a x -,Q mp Cullar In the Russell House Art Gallery, browsers shift throug stacks of plastic encased prints during the ten Print Sale in early December. by cheryl wood The Fine Arts Committee of the Russell House University Union pro- vides USC with a cultural dimension through which students can View the arts and crafts of others. It also gives artists a chance to display their work. "The purpose of the committee has been in the past to do exhibits in the gallery," said acting chairman Felicia Like sellers at a flea market, local or itinerant their wares in the Art Gallery during Fine Art's Sl-I0 ASI THE ARTS Mitchell. Students and faculty works as Well as traveling exhibits are dis- played in the Russell House Gallery. It was closed spring semester, how- ever, due to the expansion of the game room, and one will not reopen until the Russell House addition is completed. Some of the displays sponsored this year included the Jeffery Bayer Sculpture, a Clemson Faculty exhibit of pottery, sculpture, paintings and lithographs, and an exhibit of color panels. One of the things the committee would like to expand is the number of artist-in-residence where students can see the artist at work. In Novem- ber, John Henry VVhitmire, a silvers- mith, demonstrated his craft at several of the dormitories. He also presented a lecture and slide show. The committee also sponsors several other events each year. One of these is the print sale on the Rus- sell House patio. Another is the Roten print sale that is presented by the Roten Gallery of Baltimore. Another big event each winter and crafts wor ers s read uoise 'ewelr dolls , k , P q J , y. crafts fair. Quilts, tur- for a few coins. spring is the Crafts Fair, co-spon- sored by the Special Programs Com- mittee. Open to all faculty, staff and students, it provides them with an opportunity to sell their crafts. The committee works with the South Carolina Arts Commission, which gives information on various artists who can be contacted to do exhibits. Many of the program ideas and ini- tial contacts were done by the chair- man at the beginning of the year. The rest of the committee had to carry out these plans, however, when the chairman resigned in the fall. As of November there were about five members, which Mitchell said she would like to see raised to about 10. The main way of getting new members is during registration. Let- ters Were sent to art students and faculty, which were posted in Sloan College. Membership drives were also conducted several times each year as part of general Union drives. "The biggest problem," Mitchell said, "is getting people interested." and on-the-spot caricatures could be bought Klpcullor The Carolina Couples Vanishing by cheryl wood The Russell House University Union's Carolina Couples was voted out of existence in November due to a lack of interest. Ever since its formation about four years ago, the committee has experi- enced declining participation. The chairman this year made a final effort to generate interest and to establish a working committee. One unsuccessful meeting was held, and If Sb Q.I..m2"e-:ln as U1 EEZ l 3314 l-.-.-.Q- Mais-A H a ' uf L-+ I ' f 11353335 - 6 W " 4 - ix-mg ,gl , IU' 1 .M Q in nf"..."."'---- m E It -.. .-3037 1 ? Q team l'I""1,,,n. 1 3 mmm i ...Iss-ns. MR ' '5'."-'.I3-T-1 "" i"r'sii2H ZG3"!lil""7" nv" - 5gJ Q , . ,,..,, +-3' gd- ,gg in lm 3 new 3 i S1--5,".-" '11 a-ii-ii W, I . - f pu as sf:-as msg 1 if mm 3 533.1 B:',..--J-gf:',.7: -'ll mm 52,9 2311335 'W' . fi ','El'. f'L'.'3afi im - rf L:-.lag align 4 j,.-:N 53132.12 gg W :-"PP: ' Q me-yi" 7 l ,gg 'M ' sf.. arf: f . -eff' . I 1. 'ff f. fTi"'maf.- ..s., . 'I E5 'P5?.'L- " Y -' , ,. if I ' ,E I ff A as - I 'E ' . . - - 1 -' ' " - ' il'f'Al". . ,ggi I ,H W X. .dv Ev, I-t i - 1 g f Qfgwi t 1 ,af - NP-H - ' S W Q . Eff - fefgg. 4 3'?ff.f 7 -'Klig-ut.. ' 'Q' E, -.'?'1f2+. 'T-P4 iiti- f fir 5' . , "' 3 if it-1 hit ffff I W- 'iw 1giM"-f , - 1 w i -ffm .t?f:s'I14t3+-Iiiinbwi Lf'g'iI4:ar4r1'fF-"el S '-"-- 4" ' e' , -- 1' r 1' 'Q f t.-' 9. , -pr.-A n.HY7.e. .," w M..-v.. .. --.I B lr- 1, V . . . ,- i .. 1 . 1 lair, 1, .f Y.-yi - . Q -, ,A 4-I I -144, , ii! I' r'u'H?-Q'5?LsrI1.!w1-"clam'Ii' I ' I faliflff-rsi-K +214 '.-f5'1-Ff"?"i fj.a?fffZZiwff if f' I . .- Q ff alfa.-'f.::.fg..t :Taxi . y1 ......5. ' ''-'wiysivreffszgft-fi Klri Banhblumsw With or without a committee, coupling is still popular at the University of South Carolina. the chairman soon resigned. A proposal to do away with the committee was brought before the Executive Council of the Union. After being placed on probation, investigations were conducted which showed that there was no real need for Carolina Couples. The activities that the committee provided, which were open to both married and single students, were being taken care of in other areas of the Union. After the investigations a vote was taken by the Council, and Carolina Couples was dropped as a committee of the University Union. BOOK STDRE Between Russel House and the Coliseum Everything for the Student NEW AND USED BOOKS SCHOOL SUPPLIES - ENGINEERING AND BIOLOGY EQUIPMENT - ART SUPPLIES - PAPERBACK NOVELS 160 COLLEGE CLOTHING USC GIFT ITEIVIS Sponsoring an event as simple as passing out popcorn and balloons on the Russell House patio to an event as extravagant as the Winter Formal, the University Union Special Pro- grams committee continues to offer the student varied activities through- out the school year. Committee chairman Thom Cockle said that student participation in the events has made his committee as active as any Union Committee. The biggest problem he has is getting peo- ple involved in the committee work- ings. He said, "Most people don't realize that even to sponsor a small event it takes a lot of hard work. Another problem is deciding if the event will make the student feel awkward or weird by participating." The events sponsored by the com- mittee are wide range and occasion- Filling In The s P a c C S With Specials by stephen b. davis ally spontaneous. This year they have had a pie eating contest, bubble gum blowing contest, and a turkey day contest, which involved guessing the weight of turkey feathers. More notable events sponsored by mp cuntf Union President Alan McGill watches the register while purchasers at Special Programs' plant sale pay up and prepare to cart foliage home. the committee included Mystic Maria, a belly dancer in the Golden Spur. The audience was so great for this event that an encore performance is planned. Along with the Fine Arts Committee, Special Programs spon- sored the Crafts Fair, which was highlighted by cartoonist Bob Mur- phy doing caricatures of students. The big event was the Winter Formal featuring the Tams, with an attend- ance of over 1100. The committee is small, usually consisting of five to six students. Cockle said, "Most students will join the committee, but see the hard work involved and soon drop out. Commit- tee members usually have a sense of humor, and many of the events are set up just to break the monotony of school work." The success of the committee can be attributed to hard working stu- dents, more money from the Union and more publicity. Cockle said, "In the past the events were just sprung on the students without any prior announcement. We found the student is usually too busy to stop and participate. Now we make sure the student knows what's going to happen so he can work it into his schedule." For the spring semester, a subtrop- ical plant sale, a magic show, a hand- writing analyst and Mystic Maria were planned, in addition to, as always, those small events on the Russell House patio that were a wel- come relief between classes. Special events were more than just special to the University Union com- mittee involved. The variety of events presented throughout the school year were special to the thou- sands of students who attend USC. The Tams five-pointed star lead singer grips his wine bottle by the neck and wails for enthralled attendants at the Winter Formal. KID Culler I jg? ,ff N - I 1 In the fall, the Student Govern- ment Association CSGAJ passed a bill to create a Speakers Bureau for the purpose of obtaining speakers of national prominence. The University Union has a committee that too attempts to have speakers for the university. This committee is the Ideas and Issues Committee. There now exist two committees or organizations set up for the same purpose, and, according to Cara Lynn White, chairman of Ideas and Issues, USC's interest in off-campus speak- ers is not so great as to need a second organization for that purpose. Money for the SGA Speakers Bureau will come from SGA funds. This year SGA had a surplus of around S30,000. SGA President Steve Hill felt it would be best to spend the money on something that would directly benefit the student, thus the idea of a speakers bureau. This year there was pressure on the University Union to cut spending, and as a result the various commit- tees had to switch to low-cost pro- grams. The Ideas and Issues commit- tee was one that seemed to be hurt more by this pressure. Instead of setting up a new organi- zation, which will consist of five members appointed by SGA president and two members appointed by the student senate, White feels it would have been better for SGA to work with the University Union to create one strong organization that would serve the students best. Apparently there was a lack of communication between the two organizations. In an article in the Gamecock, Union president Alan McGill said that no one told the Union 162 Are lwo speakers my at ix groups bei-ler Q' than one? ll! ldfds N I by stephen b. davis they needed to go for bigger names, it shouldn't be done at the expense of which was a major criticism of the another organization that tries to committee. serve the students. SGA is constantly trying to prove that it is working for the student, but Umvar5I7Y Union Beaded and belted with an Indian head, Kenny Kramer delivers a punch line during his set in the Golden Spur for the National Organization for the Repeal of Marijuana Laws CNORMLJ. by lisa cagan Some of this year's more popular programming came out of the Trips and Expeditions committee CT8zEl, even though it functioned with only an acting chairman. No one applied last spring for the position of T8zE chairperson, and the fall semester started with the posi- tion still unfilled. Russell House University Union treasurer Randy Maxey volunteered to chair the committee while staff searched for potential leaders within the ranks. "I feel it is the students' responsi- bility to lead the committees and not the staffs," Maxey said. It has perhaps been the good stu- dentlstaff relationship which has brought TXLE success this year. Rob- bie Gittings, T8zE program advisor, has balanced her skill as a leader and expertise in the area of travel with her more subtle role as a graduate in an advisory capacity. With the strength of Maxey and Gittings to propel the necessary bureaucratic details of travel, the committee was inspired by the excite- ment of trips themselves. The fall excursion to Mt. Pisgah was such a Eari irpg success that many of the same stu- dents signed up for the Capers Island and Gatlinburg trips in October. By November the committee had voted on a full semester list of trips to highlight the winter and spring sea- I sons. Among these were a weekend in Unicoi at a lodge in the Georgia hillsg a ski trip for Februaryg a day's adven- ture to the zoog a Weekend fantasy in Disneyworldg a spring-break Bicen- tennial tour to historic eastern coast citiesg a day in Charlestong a camping trip at an island of the Outer Banks reached by a cruise on a 50-foot sail- boatg and the spring-break cruise aboard the "MS Boheme" to the Bahamas. The T8zE committee provides a special service for students who want to travel inexpensively by providing group rates in lodging and transpor- tation. For many USC students, the trips are an opportunity to meet peo- ple beyond the realm of bars and beer busts. And for the committee, T8zE is a vehicle for learning about the intri- cacies of group travel, as well as an outlet for participating in the cre- ation of the USC educational experi- ence. All in all, trips and expeditions pro- vided the necessary outlet on Week- ends for those students hell-bent on studying during the week or simply for those just seeking a good time on weekends. 163 And now a word on Student W by cecile s. holmes A fledgling Russell House Univer- sity Union Committee finally got its feet off the ground this year. Student Television, after three years of opera- tion, produced several of its own video tapes and aired many others of interest to university students this year. The committee composed of eight people with academic majors ranging from broadcasting to political science, had a dual purpose, according to , 1 Now I "'fv0'Zi?"44 ' ' ENC4-S 'moms my 'rl-um I : Povcomw A A in . S 'V-555 ' is I , i- rehnrn un Uiden Iupe - ' ' 5 -.,, ,ir I' . 9 ,, l X L , qs .5 I , I 0 A -ifzg' 2, T ' -9' , .ms ,. .g u 4 The umnderfulumrld uf the 5IJ's 51.52 1. X Q 1 - E I ' Rf' 1 'N ' f -,X K fx , ' 5 I , X xx S I lu A Q' ,VGA 'gi cr . ,Q fefayfiga., j 1 ' , I Chairman Chris Hale. "We try," he said, "to get an equal amount of edu- cational and entertaining program- ming." A video tape program was shown about once a month, usually in the Russell House Art Gallery or the Gol- den Spur. Tapes were rented from two national companies, Video-Tape Network and New Line Cinema, for one week and unlimited showings. This year the committee worked with two other Union committees, Ideas and Issues and Contemporary Sounds, to present a program about questions on the legalization of mari- juana. 164 The 1930's movie "Reefer Madness" was shown during the presentation. Hale said, "It's a propaganda film. It's full of all sorts of misconceptions." The "Mexican Con- nection," a tape about the smuggling of marijuana into the United States from Mexico, was also shown. The purpose of the two tapes, other than their entertainment value, Hale said, was to pre- pare people to talk with Kenny Kramer of the National Organization for Reform of Marijuana Laws. Kramer spoke at the Golden Spur. As a committee designed to be a learning experience for students, Hale said of Student Video Tape Network present: . THE , I '. SHOW 7 li J it ,, , , r., xx' -15,15 K su ' J 59' r D-!:J'+,,' .4 W' re '-qv' ", I J 0 , we 'fm .. ' - xv Er' his ' it 1-at? '- 'P .:l,'A f ' r" I biz. if 1 x "L f Wifi , uf' N ' .- , L? .ii ". 4 AJ -Vi V l ' Ay ,If s 4 4 ,f 1 f ff i I C W!! 4'-' 4 4 A-H ' i pf X x WJ E! i iw 57? ly X, f jx fm J Ap! ', , Qi lg 5 bm Y li g ' I I 1 T' :API 1 lp 11, X 4 7' . in .1 iv i R iii' , yi' ,JF Ss' .n - ,. iii , L ' " i gr. 'ii' r F Q 1 i Z x 1 1 qi N 9 ,gs 'i' tt 4 Q- es 'bypga - 'u s u USC students had never even seen the swamp. Television, "The committee is open to anyone. VVhen I joined the commit- tee, I didn't know anything about it." Hale began working with the pro- gram in the fall, 1974. Other tapes were run in the Russell House this year. The committee aired a Jim Croce concert, the Loggins and Messina concert and the Muhammad Ali-Frazier fight. Offering important video tapes of films was another committee activity. Some of the features included a tape about the comedians of the silent film era, "Days of Thrills and Laughter." This tape offered some Charlie Chaplain shorts not shown anywhere else. "Fireside Theater" and "Movie Orgy," a montage sequence of movie scenes, were also shown. Acting as a workshop experience for students interested in TV pro- gramming is another function of Stu- dent Television. Each year students produce several tapes per semester in which committee members serve as directors, actors, producers and script writers. One student this year worked on a documentary tape about the Con- garee Swamp. Hale said he felt the swamp constituted an important environmental issue and that many Another student worked on a tape concerning the Green Street issue, trying to draw together the different feelings and attitudes of the people involved. Hale said he envisioned both of these tapes being shown dur- ing 1976. "The purpose behind individually made student tapes," Hale said, "is it gives the student a chance to express himself." Through the tapes students are able to air their opinions on issues, he said. Working toward its dual purpose, to inform and to entertain, Hale said Student Television tries to purchase and produce tapes dealing with issues of concern to Carolina students. I .Fig . , J ...i I In-3 vii, tx-Qkouxx I ' , x Ti' . , . Ying Qxidf' . ' ST Llbllff ' V ' mu ' . K 'P' rx'r..... . r - f it ' Y 'QB .IFE give: I ,f .gr , R ',',f,Iff1 gi if " T ju n . xx ix l fi ,I I ., ' ',p I ,I 1 . s r student tv AShert 1st0r of Free s Short Courses by hsa cagan V1tal1 the sweat look Kelth Vltah Free Umverslty s karate mstructor warms up ln the P E Cen ter for a class Passlonate crles for educatlonal alternatlves and student actlvlsm were the cllmate out of Whlch Free Umverslty evolved ln 1969 Short courses at USC were applauded natlon Wlde as one of the flrst programs of 1tS k1nd 1n the coun try Its success could be measured by enthuslastlc student and faculty par tlclpatlon But the early seventles were comed the era of student apathy And apa thy took 1tS toll ln Free UH1V6FS1ty short courses experlenced a sharp decllne 1n partlclpatlon as Well as m plannmg In 1975 76 a group of 10 students put the program back on 1ts feet and are pushlng to make Free Unlverslty nlty as a vlable educatlonal experl ence Compared to 10 courses ln fall 1974 Free U offered 29 courses 1n fall 1975 The potentlal 30th course was advertlsed as Lovemaklng but cancelled because the mstructor Dr W M Bryan alocalgynecologlst requested a mlmmum of 100 stu dents Only 89 reglstered durlng the four day perlod Wlre servlces plcked up the story splashlng headllnes across front pages all over the country saylng lovemakmg IS no longer popular at USC Paul Harvey used the news as part of hls SOCIBI commentary and Redd Foxx when asked on The Hollywood Squares Why the course cancelled replled ln Jest that USC ran out of classroom space Most courses were not targets of spectacular attentlon but many were applauded for thelr success Para phys1cs Parapsychology and the Occult a new course offered 1n the fall was called fasclnatlng by many of the partlcipants Students were equally impressed 165 0 QI' .HT " "'Q. Y A l All X Q 0 0 Q M W lv! N, . - . . . . . Q if . 1. ,. ' ' '-f ,, - . 1 . . , . fd 4 ' 5 I Q . - . 1 f . " ' , -:"::,:.: I rn i N ' - 'I h-, R - . A , 'H , , -N -' .-1-,i ll-vztx--.! ' ' ' 'p f ' 1 - 1 recognlzed by the Carollna commu- , A qty". . , 'fi-2 g ' 1 , ' ll ' H .K ' W 1 . . . , , , , I . . , . . at 1 Q Y , ' 'U' N.. 'A . . i . . , " u 7 V n H D V92 . . ' ' 7 ,I ,X 7 ZX 5 7! ' v 7 - W ' I Q M cc - - 1: Y d Y md MBlkAIBXander . . 0 1 ' 1 1 ' ' ' on a different level in "Hair Care and Simple Cuts." Two women's courses discussed problems of sexual identity - "Up from the Pedesta1,"' a woman's awareness course, analyzed sexual stereotypes, "Physical and Mental Self-Defense for Women" narrowed their discussion to the psy- chology of rape and taught simple self-defense as well. The standard courses of years past were still large drawing cards for Free University: Karate, Fencing, Backpacking and Clogging, to name a few. Some of the new courses drew similar interest, but still lacked some organization, such as "Oriental Cook- ing" and "International Cooking." And then one or two courses never got off the ground because of little or no participation, such as "Social Work as a Career." Smoothing out procedural prob- lems was a primary goal of the Free University Committee this year, look- ing to set a solid base for further growth. Classes were evaluated by students and instructors, and a cam- pus-wide survey was made of student interest in particular courses. Still Free University faces the challenge of problems which under- mine the credibility of the entire pro- gram. Many people who registered for courses did not feel committed recorded on a stu- dent's permanent record at the suc- cessful completion of a course. Faculty support might further enhance the repu- tation of Free University as an educational expe- rience, but much of the USC faculty seems unaware of the program's existence. That thousands of varying inter- ests exist on the University of South Carolina campus is one rea- son why the Free University experi- ence persists year in and year out. At very reason- able costs and usu- ally free, the courses provide a necessary exper- iential background for the many hours spent in the classroom. and never Scorekeeper Steven Ross pencils in the numbers to the backgammon game between Mary Douglass and Charles T Mltc attended classes, hen' often dampening , the enthusiasm of those few who did l participate. Also,a ---- --sf T few of the volun- teer instructors were unprepared for the teaching experience, frus- trating those in the course. Measures are being taken to improve the repu- tation of Free University. Course evaluations are the first step. Other alternatives include the possi- bility of earning Continuing Edu- cation Units for Free U. courses, which are 166 asks- .fr 4 l by Susan Hedgepath, Tim Hedgecoth, and Mickey Trimarchi. Carolina concerts. You may laugh and ask what concerts but really the year '75-'76 brought with it more big- name Qor at least well-knownj artists than in previous years. From the mel- low voice of John Denver to the funky sounds of Rufus and to the scratchy sounds of Rod Stewart, the Carolina Coliseum has presented a. varied schedule of performers for concert goers. The '75-'76 concert series began with John Denver whose show capti- vated the sell-out crowd for two and one half hours of mellow country folk music. The show opened with a five-man band called Liberty. Their blend of country rock accented the folk style of their ballads, thus setting the stage for John Denver. Denver, the sunshine blond hero SlQvB5I1eh9Bl1 Ronnie Van Zandt, vocalist for Lynyrd Sky- nyrd, horses around backstage with Gary Ross- ington and a Budweiser-Buddy. from Aspen, Colorado, opened his act with "Sunshine on My Shoulders" before the 15,000 screaming fans and the flash of their strobes. From that ,point on, the warm country-like atmosphere that descended upon the crowd set the mood for the remainder of the night. A visual display highlighted the show as John Denver proceeded to play a collection of his hits. The most spectacular was "Eagle and Hawk," complimented by an Eagle and a hawk soaring through the canyons. Denver finished his set to a standing ovation with "Thank God I'm a Coun- excellent as a 15 minute country fid- dle number brought the house down, leaving the crowd wanting more. Once again Denver obliged, coming back by himself to do a mellow acous- tic piece called "This Old Guitar," leaving the crowd exhausted from a I.. 1 SIBVB Shahbtln Bachman-Turner Overdrive slips into high gear for an instrumental break during their concert. try Boy," which showed a footstomp-A ing fiddle solo. John Denver returned to the stage as the Coliseum glowed with matches lit by the audience. Liberty was on hand and the combination proved night of good ol, country "cookin." Next on the agenda at the Carolina Coliseum were the Carpenters. Although they played to a large crown one wonders who was in the crowd, for it seems as if very few Sax and congas are forsaken for a moment during the chorus of B. T. Express's theme, "Express" DBMEGDNS l Carolina students attended. The Car- penters tend to attract a younger or older crowd - not the collegiate set that is more into rock and the top 40 stars. Their performance was predictable - no surprises. They played their favorites, "We've Only Just Begun," "Close To You," etc. Gladys Knight and the Pips rolled into town next and although there were misunderstandings surrounding the show and breakfast, the trouble was worth it if you were one of the lucky ones who got to hear Ms. Knight sing. Ms. Knight has a touch of magic in that she can take some- thing common and transform it into a unique number with her personal touch. The Pips, added pleasant harmon- ies to the performance. They are cousins William Guest, Edward Pat- ton and Merald fBubbaJ Knight, Gla- dys' older brother. Two feature acts added little to the show. They were Clouds of Joy and Tavares. Both sang pop arrange- ments but lacked the style and finesse of Gladys Knight and the Pips, who mesmerized the crowd with "Memories" from "The Way We Stopping out the instruments,1 vocalist Doug Gray of the Mar- shall Tucker Band pours out the 1 tale of "Fire on the Mountain." Slavs Shaheen Were" and other songs. "Are You Rufusized?" screamed Chaka Khan, the only female singer in the group Rufus which performed in the coliseum during the month of May. Rufus, a hard driving rock and soul group, first gained popularity with "Give Me Something Good" and ,pw .- 10 9 x funn l W l N I I 2 , i sim sneneun The Marshall Tucker Band takes a lick at Chicken-pickin' during its misdrum- mer, home-again concert in the coliseum. has continued to make hit songs. In "Once You Get Started" Chaka strip- ped down to a sexy little outfit and danced with more vitality than any- thing or anyone before. Mandrill, an eight man band, fea- tured music with African and Latin American influences as they played before Rufus and tried to get the audience up and dancing. Both groups contributed to the show as they set the stage for the electric performance of Rufus which lasted for an hour. The set could not have lasted much longer as the male concert goers were crying out, Mike Love pauses for an instrumental break during the Beach Boy's long, hit-filled set. Slavs SDSWOBH KID Cullef Newl ac uired Jeff "Skunk" Baxter late of Steely Dan, and bassist Tiran Pouter pluck and sing Y fl v on "Black Water" during the Doobie Brothers set. "Chaka, you tear my head off," when asked if they were Rufusized. Seals and Crofts came and went without much notice. Although they Former Raspberry Eric Carmen holds his audi- ence all by himself in his post Thanksgiving show. Slave Shaheen perform Well, Seals and Grofts style is one of intimacy - kind of a one to one - which can't be effectively achieved in a large coliseum. Also, they sang most of their familiars - "Summer Breeze," "Hummingbird," and others. Jimmy Seals, one time state of Texas fiddle champion, caused the audience to beg for more as he dem- onstrated his talents in a few fiddle tunes toward the end of the concert. Minnie Ripperton, who traveled with Seals and Crofts, also became lost in the coliseum. She did, however, express a certain joy and talent for her music, of which the crowd was unable to wholly appreciate because of the size of the coliseum. Family entertainment at its best - Mac Davis in the Carolina Coliseum. Gone were the wild-frenzied crowds of concerts, gone with the high school I college students. Instead, a crowd of 8,000 people Cless than 12 years old and over 255 quietly sat and listened to a glorified version of Mac's televi- sion show. He began with his usuals - "Baby Don't Get Hooked On Me," "Watching Scotty Grow," and "One Hell of a Woman" and of course, ended with "I Believe In Music." Because of Davis' uneventful per- formance, his backup group, The Cap- tain and Tennile seemed more inter- esting. Their style of songs is 60's-ish Ctwo of the members of the band once played with the Beach Boysj. They, like Davis, received a standing ova- tion which was more or less a polite gesture on the part of the audience. The month of fireworks, July, brought forth an eventful evening of rock to the Coliseum with Lynyrd Skynyrd and the Marshall Tucker Band. A crowd of 10,000 people gath- ered in the coliseum to hear the two groups. The crowd was ready to rock and roll and so the police had their hands full putting out cigarettes and calming down the frisbee throwers. Johnny Hammond, guitarist, opened up the evening with some fast paced blues numbers. He prepared the crowd for Skynyrd and Tucker. Slave Snehoen Hiding under his hat, Charlie Daniels sparks the band on their opening gig for the Allman Brothers Band. Lynyrd Skynyrd, a Georgia group, came on next and got the crowd mov- ing and ready by singing such hits as "Saturday Night Special," "The Nee- dle and the Spoon," and finally "Sweet Home Alabama." The crowd was ready for the Mar- shall Tucker Band and they let them know it as soon as they hit the stage. Tucker's music has a soothing effect on the head as it flows gently and car- ries you with it. MTB performed two sets and then were called back for an encore of "Will the Circle Be Unbro- ken," as the audience sang along with them. In the heat of August as "One of These Nights" hit number one on the charts, the group who sang it flew into town. The Eagles, along with Jimmy Buffett, performed to a devoted crowd of 11,500. The audi- ence belonged to the Eagles and so they had the power to do what they wanted with the crowd. The Eagles began with a mellow mood - "Take It Eas " "One of Y, These," with a few blue-grass num- bers, and ended with some good rock and roll- with "Witchy Woman" being the last. But the audience would not let the Eagles go. They had to return to do two encores. Jimmy Buffett had a problem in that the crowd solely belonged to the Eagles and his first song echoed his feelings - "Wish I Were Somewhere Other Than Here." But he continued to sing and gave a fine performance of easy country rock. August was definitely a hot month as far as well-known groups goes, for American also came to the coliseum. America's music is simple and flow- ing and the group performs that way. The three members blend well to complement one another in numbers which are placed back-to-back. They played approximately one and one half hours, straight. Highlighting a few favorites "Sister Golden Hair," "Ventura Highway," and "The Tin Man," America was so intense in playing numbers that they sometimes forgot the crowd, leaving the crowd feeling uncertain as to how they should react. They did call America back for two encore numbers. Poco, a four man band, played back-up band to America. They per- form soft-rock music but seem to lack the style needed to carry it off as suc- Dan Peek, one third of America, holds up his end of the Top-40 catalog of their set. Slave Shaheen Seen Nothin' Yet." The members of Bachman Turner Overdrive tighten up on You Ain t cessfully as it could have been. Great things were expected of the Jethro Tull concert but unfortunately none of them came about. The British rock group, under the capable hands of Ian Anderson, known for its con- cept albums, failed to play either one or a new one. Instead they performed a conglomerate of songs which were "highlighted" by gimmicks. The group opened with Ian saying "Good evening, we're the Beach Boys!" and so an evening of gimmicks began - amateurs at that, for the stage hands could be seen working on the smoke screen and other things. The works featured were frag- ments of several albums of which Thick as a Brick and Warchild were the favorites. Early in October, The Faces, fea- turing Rod Stewart, and the Charlie Daniels Band came to the Carolina Coliseum. The concert, which started Slave Sherman Skyscraping Ken Hensley throws Uriah Heep into "Sweet Lorraine," While David Byorn helped on background vocals. promptly at 8 p.m. had a crowd of a little over 8,000. The Charlie Deniels Band started the evening off with "Love My Whis- key." This was probably true since every other song they sang after- wards dealt with either getting S!sveShe een Though some are still holding out, most of the fans with floor seats get on their feet with the opening cords of the Eagles' "Midnight Flyer." drunk or being thrown in jail. The band did have a certain style as they tried to act and sound like the Allman Brothers Band. They pulled off the act fairly well except for Daniel's shyness. He hid underneath his cow- boy hat or turned his back to the audience the whole evening. Charlie Daniels only became close to their audience with their last song, "The South's Gonna Do It Again." Because the crowd liked the song so much, they called the group back for an encore number which was "Orange Blossom Special." Next, The Faces, featuring Rod Stewart appeared. They performed mostly Rod Stewart's solo works Bassist Randy Meisner supplies some backup vocals for Bernie Leadon's lead on the "Desperado" medley. instead of the group's numbers. The group, as such, has no member who dominates - that is why Rod Stew- art was added. Rod Stewart per- formed eleven of his songs off his albums of which "Maggie Mae" and "Reason to Believe" were the favor- ites. His scratchy voice is capable of making anything he does memorable. Ron Wood accompanied Stewart on On "Take the Highway," Marshall Tucker drummer Paul Riddle plays up a storm of sweat that drenches his jersey. 5l9VBShuhI2cll .,,4., A . 5 m ' L - . r .A I , t .1 .P ,,,,.A...-v-.ffT-- 7 0 .N N V ' 1' ,. 'N I " n' Z - - , ..., 4 ,.,.- Y ' - , Y - A . -... 1 Q . . .- .-- '-- ,:' ' . ' l 4 ' ' , 'IE 3, 1 'Q .-ek .45 ' a,,'l' Q , . . an ' ? w1m , ,, VI if--'AP'a'N Al i:,,3f ?' ,"' N ' qvlfffe' ' 'ff , '- Zh I N if ' w 1' 2 . 1. Q1 A N If x I sf: 'Q' Y 1 A sl? 5 if 'ex Q fu , x tx 1 E , K ,-. H- ,T TE. - if 7 X . -. Y Zv. N if okay g 'Pg iff' 5-M 4-r 1 H :. -.X Fx 1 1 'Y I X1 . ,. , Qs..-4f':fQ'f 5 , L 5 "MW J 'Q l , . ' ' LQ- 1 L 1 ,. V G 'fl i ' " IWQW IKE X Jw ' h--...V ": 1 'f ,f - -r -1- -if :"v, E H '1 Yi ' 1 417, gg.!ME1,'H4Le . ggi- Q K 5, . ,,,i, 1 ,-1',.,.' u- . N ,', I Ii 4 , Q. I. U ,311 ' K L1 f if ,: A Emil I ' . ',1.f'3f'.fq4'1'2fgf.,..ff'f.b 1' . , -1 -' :N H ry Q 4,1 fm Li, rn X f, 1 P F1 A . ! 'fx I .Q SlBvnShBhe8n Circled by his trap set, Bachman-Turner Over- drive's drummer sets rhythms hard and hot. Heartsfield's brightest moment. A crowd of only about 5,000 came to the Carolina Coliseum in late Octo- ber to see three basic rock bands - Point Blank, Grey Ghost, and Bach- man-Turner Overdrive. Point Blank opened the show with their Dallas, Texas style of Southern rock and roll. They were followed by Grey Ghost, featuring Ruby Starr, formerly with Black Oak Arkansas. They played their blend of raunch and roll to an inattentive audience. Finally, Bachman-Turner Over- drive came on, and, after ten minutes of technical difficulties, brought the crowd to its feet with "Let it Roll CDown the Highwayjf' The crowd stayed with them as BTO played "Hey you," "Sledgehammer," "Don't Get Yourself Into Trouble," and "Not Fragile." "Four Wheel Drive" high- lighted the drummer, who did a ten- minute solo, part of which was done with only his hands. A standing ovation brought the band back out again to play "Taking Care of Business," in which the audi- ence joined in on the chorus. Another ovation and the band returned, toss- ing carnations into the crowd as it launched into "Thank You for the Boogie," a foot-stomping song that ended a hard-rocking night. The Temptations came to town in November and performed to a good size crowd of their avid fans. The audience consisted of mostly those people in their late 20's and early 30's because they were the ones who would remember the Temptations best - when they were in their prime - during the beach tunes craze. The concert was good but nothing spectacular. They sang mostly their big Top 40's hits such as "Sand In My Shoes," "Up On The Roof," and "Sat- urday Night At The Movies." The crowd, however, seemed pleased and left contented with memories of their past coming back - the beach, the shag, and all the good times they had. Memory Lane again - the Beach Boys came to the Carolina coliseum Newcomer Don Felder and Eagles founding member Glenn Frey share the mike on "James Dean." Slove Shaheen The high-flying Eagles interrupt their fast-paced presentation in the Carolina coliseum for an acoustic "o1' '55. 1- during the Thanksgiving Break. Despite, the fact that it was a vaca- tion, many students came back just for the concert, which was a near sell- out. The Beach Boys sang all their pop- ular songs which pleased the crowd to no end. Their stage show was much more spectacular than that of the Temptations. Because of their vast popularity - even today - the Beach Boys had the Coliseum full of people of all ages and backgrounds. The crowd was seeking "Good Vibrations" and that's what they got plus much more. And so ends one concert season. Carolina really has had its share of big-time artists - we could have had more, but then we also could have had less Qlike we used tol. Anywayg the spring schedule looks pretty promis- ing with the Allman Brothers Band, ZZ Top, and the Pure Prairie League, and many others scheduled to appear in the Carolina coliseum. Flexing his Les Paul, Lynyrd Skynyrd's Gary Rossington picks a dialogue with Allen Collins. SmveShBh6eV1 Breaking for a sip of beer, Rusty Young looks offstage while George Granthan carries on with his snares. SlQv8Sh9hBQn I .sim sun-nn Behind an amp bank, one of Marshall Tucker's' equipment handlers restrings a guitar for Toy Caldwell. Word W WWMUWQVW' Wg, I6 lTSHUf H567 Yeggggg'-E NGQSQ? 42 Nd MEXFF FEDNXTHE STA Tie pcm s- . WQEAWKMVY TWU T415 Ugg? KS I5 owl ,535 ' w' ro A W' ' -4 Nw V340 Nl Abilgrlllpxd Awe :sw fgyw E5 vrgemu W QN7 Wim x-S121 QffQii,j,LjEC0i'1LN,w,Egwe 'C-3-HS , 0 WS IN ICHAQD 5 XIOUVXWND gb YOU WWW WDA WW ,val HE WS? N' WKLCOME 4vX0f,m P "TOOL .OF HQFDMCBHY GQEAV NM ze To X89 fbi yi WSJ 7,515 535 ,wa MISUNDERSFOQD 3GEfgOf5A?mv Q96 iiZ1ERwAe7zEQ,gi 2120? 'N W6 own 5 New WTMQEL fi: ? fWM5f by ann weaver It is strongly evident that more students use alcohol on a regular basis than marijuana or any other drug. 'Whether this is because of the easy accessibility of alcohol or because alcohol is legal and mari- juana isn't, is not known. At any rate, alcohol has marijuana beat in the popularity poll, as shown by statistics about the use of drugs and alcohol on campus provided by Paul Fidler, assistant vice president for student affairs. The last survey done was con- ducted in the spring of 1974, and it showed that 91.9 per cent of the stu- dents interviewed had used alcohol in some form or fashion, whether regu- larly or occasionally. Regular drink- ers numbered 79.3 per cent of the stu- dents, while regular marijuana users USC has a lot of people numbered only 37.4 per cent. There was a definite pattern of increase in the use of marijuana between 1971 and 1974, while the use of alcohol remained virtually the same. Figures in the study showed that in 1971, 28.8 per cent of the stu- dents interviewed used marijuana on a regular or semi-regular basis. In 1974, the number was 37.4 per cent. During the same three-year period, alcohol consumption remained at the same level, 79.3 per cent. Experimental drug usage by both entering and continuing Carolina stu- dents is on the rise, according to a 1974 study by a special Presidential committee, although total drug con- sumption is only slightly higher than in 1972. Among the most frequently used drugs for experimentation are amphetamines, cocaine, hallucino- gens and narcotics, the study said. Amphetamines were experimented with most frequently, with 20 per cent of continuing students and 9.9 per cent of entering freshmen report- ing use. According to Fidler, the "intense academic pressures" are probably responsible for the heavy experimental use of amphetamines. Alcohol, marijuana and tobacco had the highest consumption rates for all drugs, though. The study showed that many con- tinuing students quit smoking, while entering freshmen increased their tobacco intake. Tobacco consumption fell from 54 per cent in 1972 to 51 per cent in 1974 for continuing students, while entering freshmen use jumped 5 per cent from 46 per cent in 1972 to 51 per cent in 1974. 177 Housing Hassles: Choosing Two bg Two KfDCuller Baker roommates Janet Mace and Jean Ison, who made the decision to room together last spring, struggle with bags, TV pillow and teddy bear on one of several trips from the car to their third-floor room. by gail agett Having lived in Carolina dorms for three years, I was all set to attack Robert Stewart, Director of Housing, on Housing's method of assigning roommates, and to scrounge to the bottom in order to discover pertinent faults. Happily, I was wrong. Each spring semester, during a specific date, two- thirds of all on-campus students, roughly 4,000 students out of 6,557 students, register to have a particular roommate and a specific room. The lines are long and attaining the room you really desire can be a hassle, but the opportunity of choice exists. Those students who do not sign up in the spring are assigned to rooms using selective procedures utilized by the Housing Department. With the aid of an information- 178 questionnaire form, housing officials are able to match students to one another. Smoking, study and sleeping habits seem to be the most important fac- tors in deciding upon roommates, these being crucial in a living- together situation. When asked whether students are assigned to rooms by a planned or a random method, Stewart replied that they are assigned in a planned proce- dure. He said, "Studies after studies indi- cate that planned and random room- mate selection has the same success. But how do you define success? I per- sonally believe there must be some constant factors in the success of two people getting along. It can't be just a haphazard thing." At any rate, all on-campus students are assigned to a room according to their own choice or to a vacancy that the housing officials deem most satis- factory, given limited information. If trouble arises between room- mates from the very beginning, there is a required waiting period by the Health, Education and Welfare Department of 21 days before any change can be made. Besides saving additional confusion until after the first paperwork has been done, this regulation insures that there is no discrimination by offering three weeks as a trial basis for the roommates involved. Curiously enough, Stewart said, "The greatest problem we've encoun- tered is between those people who were best friends in high school and decided to room together at Carolina. "Frequently these people find liv- ing together an impossibility and want to move without hurting his or her friend's feelings." Stewart recommends an honest approach by tactfully speaking to the roommate of the bothersome things he or she does. There is a provision though for every student to change rooms and roommates without feeling indefi- nitely trapped, albeit a 21-day wait- ing period. Interestingly enough, minority groups on campus pose few problems for the Housing Department. When dealing with the black women students, for instance, roughly one-third of all women are living with white roommates and two-thirds of all black women room with other blacks. Overall, among both black men and women, roughly 47 per cent are housed with whites. International students present Housing with a particular challenge. Because of different eating habits and sometimes an inadaptability to American food, kitchens are a neces- sity for the international students. The fraternities' largest problem is having the lack of money to move off-campus all together. Stewart said this has always bothered the Greeks, but that roommate selection in McBryde Quadrangle has been left up to the men. They contract housing as do the rest of the students. Stewart received his B.A. and M.A. degrees in Business Administration from Nebraska University, working an additional 12 years there on the housing staff. 1 After Nebraska, he worked six years as the Director of Housing at Washington University, then five years in the same capacity at Carne- gie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Pa. Stewart has been at USC for three years. When dealing with 6,557 to 6,621 on-campus students, having planned theory as the skeleton for roommate selection is the most important factor for success. Geographic Distribution of Students Living in Residence Halls SOUTH CAROLINA 4,665 North Carolina, Georgia 249 Florida, Alabama, Mississippi 52 Tennessee, Kentucky 31 Virginia, Maryland, D.C. 304 West Virginia, Ohio 50 Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware 306 New York 134 Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, Maine 64 Indiana, Louisiana, Michigan, Arkansas, Wisconsin, Missouri, Illinois, Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Texas, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa 80 New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, Montana, Wyoming, Washington, Nevada, Oregon, Idaho, Utah, California 20 Alaska, Hawaii 2 U.S. Possessions 1 Foreign 29 Unknown FRUSH: by colleen parry In high school, your time is care- fully mapped out for you by your par- ents, teachers and lastly you. But in college, the way you spend your time is entirely up to you. Whether to choose between washing clothes, eating dinner, going out for just one beer, or, if nothing else stud- ying is difficult for freshmen adjust- ing to university life. Freshmen encounter many other difficulties in going through the transition from high school to college. With time and effort the majority overcome these difficulties. However, some cannot cope with the new situation and are forced to leave. Of course, each frosh is faced with his own difficulties ranging from studying to making friends. The amount of time studies require is a major change from high school. Those who took an "easy" senior year course-load find it especially grueling to keepup with all assignments and do well on tests. The practice of many professors to base their grades solely on the scores of two-or three-hour exams creates problems for many who have never been under such pressure to do well. The fact that many professors do not give any review for these exams Lynn Vernon, a sophomore stops balancing her checkbook long enough to chat with freshman Lisa Ellis about the reference book she has for her term paper. -'1-v.---ig-e:-ff- - - - the pain of coping makes studying even more difficult. Those who made A's in high school find it disheartening to receive C's after putting so much more time into studying. Classes of over 150 students and computer-checked tests overwhelm freshmen who are used to individual attention. Whereas a high school teacher knew the student and could in many cases figure out what the student meant by an answer on an essay-type test, a graduate assistant grades only what he reads. Although computer-checked tests are very similar to multiple-choice tests in high school, just knowing that a computer is doing the scoring worries some freshmen. Many com- plain that they are nothing more than a number. English, a course requirement for all freshmen, causes perhaps more troubles than anything else. Although these classes are much smaller, the instructor is usually a graduate assistant. The large number of writing assignments seem unend- ing. Receiving failing marks on these papers is very upsetting especially when you realize these are only your first-year courses. The university has so much to offer that many freshmen do not know what to get involved in, and so many choose to do noth- ing. Since study- ing demands so ,much time, fresh- men are often reluctant to get involved in clubs or activities. Living away from home for the first time, a stu- dent must learn to take care of him- self. Learning to live with a room- mate can be as dif- ficult and nerve- straining as some courses! The freedom that dorm life Susan Cale . ru emma l l ,. il' i - . " ' ' fi 1: y' if H if r ' Rm- ff-..: .1 l 5 ' tiff: in jlr:-: V- ' fl A first-year student from Texas, Ann Taylor has had to adjust to new surroundings as well as to having to study late nights or early morn- ings. Susan Clie offers creates a responsibility prob- lem. Choosing between studying and partying can determine whether or not one passes, or whether or not one enjoys himself. Without Mama's help, the decision can be a difficult one. The loss of such comforts as a larger bed, Mom's home cooking and a silent night add to the problems of adjusting to university life. The initial problem of knowing where and when classes are is soon overcome. However, making new friends and establishing study habits takes time. The success with which freshmen can overcome these diffi- culties determines their success at the University of South Carolina. Soph Theresa Noll is one of 3000 to make it through her first year last year. Kip ww 179 "Almost everybody feels as though there's not one virgin left on a college campus - male or female." Dr. Wil- liam A. Potts, resident gynecologist of the USC Health Center, said, "That's not true." "I would say that the degree of vir- ginity is roughly 45 to 50 per cent of the actual total population, and this seems to fit the pattern through- out the U.S. I'm not sure of the actual sexual fre- quency among couples, but I believe that 30 to 35 per cent of the co-ed popula- tion is not involved in active sexual intercourse." Asking if he believed that the availability of the dormitory made an enor- mous difference for sex- ually active couples, he chuckled and said, "Place really makes no differ- ence." He added, "It's true that the back seats of cars are not so much in use, people having a tendency to find locations of greater pri- vacy and comfort. The problem is this: whenever anyone engages in so- called amoral behavior there's the problem of guilt. Behavior carried out in a clandestine manner creates' guilt patterns, and so naturally cars are not exactly conducive to a good sexual experience. The more relaxed and private the atmosphere, the more pleasurable the experience will be." Dr. Potts also mentioned that over the past 20 to 25 years there has been a gradual increase for both males and females in sexual activity. He added, "The incidence of prom- iscuity isn't high on campus. By this I mean the person who jumps from bed to bed without a thought or care with whom they're having sexual interc- ourse. My impression is that 10 per A USC Beotlme stony by gail agett cent of the co-ed population is promis- cuous and 18 per cent of the male stu- dent population is defined as promis- cuous. "Females," Dr. Potts continued, "hold a more personal regard with whom they're sleeping. The tendency is still for more men to exploit sex than do the females. However, there are some women who exploit sex also." "Influences of peer pressure seems to be a very real problem. Because someone else in the dorm may have very active coital patterns, sometimes this coerces another to do the same. One person is following another's eth- ics, and this results in a poor sexual attitude." "Truthfully, I can't really tell if birth control usage has increased," Dr. Potts said. "Unwanted pregnancies have in- creased each of the three years I've been here, but I feel this is due to the fact that students are more frank. However, adequate birth control is really not as prevalent as it should be. There are still a good deal of young women hav- ing intercourse without birth control. There are still too many girls being caught." "At the beginning of the sexual relationship, males are usually the ones who provide birth control. Usu- ally condoms and the coi- tus interruptus methods are used. Most frequently, it is the male who will sug- gest that the female go to the gynecologist for birth control supplies." "Afterwards, the pill is most often used and depended upon by couples. The pill is, of course, the Q safest product to use and i the second safest is the combination of the condom and foam." "I believe that the couples on cam- pus that engage in sexual relations have real emotional ties to each other before the sexual activity. This still may hold true more for women than for men, but in general, the couples involved feel a responsibility to one another," Dr. Potts said. "The one-night stand in the dorm or elsewhere of equal comfort and privacy seems to be a rarity. At least a very small percentage of students participate in indiscriminate sexual intercourse." by susan hedgepath Shortly after 8 p.m. on Nov. 10th, a man walked onto the stage at the coliseum and within minutes one half of the audience was on the floor laughing and the rest were totally enthralled - sound impossible? Not if the man is Frederick Storaska. Frederick Storaska, a national authority on rape, lectures at nearly 120 universities and colleges a year. This was his second visit to the USC campus sponsored by the Associated Women Students. Storaska witnessed a brutal rape of a young girl in 1964 and since that time has done extensive study in the field of rape and assault. Although rape is not funny, Storaska uses humor in his lectures to relax the audience so that such a topic can be discussed openly. Peo- ple, women especially, are terrorized on the subject. Ever since they were children they were told not to go near strangers. "Who do you know at age 4, anyway?" asked Storaska. According to Storaska, n0t111'ng'justifies rape - a man turning into an animal. "Some men would be turned on if you crawled across campus in a cardboard box, some are turned on by trees! Let me tell you, I've been on your campus since 3 o'clock this afternoon and I've seen some of your trees, and there's bark bit- ten off!!" Mr. Storaska went on to offer practical sug- gestions on what to do when you are attacked. He disagrees with many methods which others stress. To begin with, don't worry about carrying 'weaponsj you probably won't be able to get to them when you need them anyway. Some of the more common ones - tear gas fwhat hap- pens if the wind changes directions?j, car keys in your hand tif it doesn't work, what do you say - I thought you were my car?j, or hard- bound books fall the rapist gets is a headachelj are useless. They only encourage the rapist. You attack him and he sure isn't going to just stand there and take it. Don't scream and struggle at first. In 50- 5596 of the time this works but what if you're part of the other 45'Zv? It is best to save this for when you can do nothing else. If you do scream and struggle, it will cause him to want to shut you up. This may cause the 'friendly rapist' to turn into a murderer. Diffuse the violence in any way you can. Talk to the rapist Qunderneath that animal is a human being who is emotionally disturbedj. You must communicate with a person in a high violent situation. Be believable and find good in him. Rape is 95076 psychological and only 5927 physical. The rapist has had some sort of problem with male-female relationships in the past and is striking out at you only because you are available. Go along until you see an out for yourself fthis could be in a matter of seconds or it could be hoursl. But Whatever you do, if it doesn't Work then it must leave you an out. If you attack the rapist with violence then he won't believe you when you then try to appeal to him as a human being - rapists aren't dumb. If you've tried to talk to the rapist and he doesn't seem to respond and is, in fact, about to kill you then there are two ways you can surely stop him. I The first is if he is choking you. Gently put your hands up to his face Cas if to caressj and with your thumbs put out his eyes. The second is if he comes up from behind. Gently reach back and find one of his testicles, take it in your hand - and smash it. If you can't go through with either one of these at least you have left yourself an out. He probably will think that you are submitting to him. If both of these suggestions sound cruel then just remember what he is about to do to you - is that any better? Frederick Storaska ended his talk with a question and answer period after which the audience left the coliseum laughing at what was said and yet much wiser on the subject of rape. Qcial t of -ryuddeff Jw 6-xdif? jan f6'FfA'6lf9 6.71-'Uft.!2'si yea ff: afknaf ryfff, -?Zc'z'a4cy, .Qecrnz.fc-'x J, IQFJ' af ffff grad'-na gaA'4n1zn JFmz7far21z.af It's the biggest bash on campus. It's the Winter Formal at which over 1000 people, dressed as they never are at any other time of the year, "could eat, drink and be merry," according to Thom Cockle, Russell House Uni- versity Union Special Programs com- mittee chairman. "People seemed to have a good time. It was a very happy crowd," Cockle said. "It's seldom you see that many people that well dressed on campus. This is the only major dance that is open to the whole university. And it's free." "From the attendance we get, I think we should have more semi-for- 182 by catherine watson mal dances. Movies, sporting events and bands aren't the only things peo- ple turn out for." "I don't think people realize how much detail goes into a dance like that, to make it go smoothly," Cockle said. "What with classes and finals coming up, it was hard for our six committee members to do the leg- work. And up until the day of the for- mal, it didn't look like everything would go smoothly. There's always the uncertainty, is the caterer going to show up, or is the band going to arrive on time? But as tables and the chair sent up, and the doors opened, everything fell into place." The Winter Formal, which cost 332575, had its problems though. Cockle said next year he would "try to find a band we can depend on. The Tams were a big name, but they didn't put on a professional act. The back-up band was good, though. Also, the Coliseum is hard to seat people in so that they are comfortable and can see the stage. And it's hard to deco- rate. Plus we ran out of wine early, even though we had more wine than last year." Next year, with the opening of the Russell House addition, a ballroom will be available for the Winter For- mal. But, because of its limited capac- -:Mg 1. l, 1 15 ' -t tf: 'r fu 1 T' '53 -- V Yu, 'ig'1."q Lf? . 4331 9 'J 31.4 by., FQ. ,.. .l .,'A v' ... fi ..,f,- -' .. 14, - fx me 3,4- , w bf 1 . - .- hbg ,V 1' . 5, 5 f -'A u-A ' f., ifpxf.. V'-V f 5, il 1 ' .jyx f ., uf. wwf, , Ag A I " , fx ., y q... A Xxx 7 fl ll Q A Q. gy 71, .,. 5 X an f iii! 4 WR? - " , 4i iii "W'vs.4.j' 7-,. 1 2 1 Im if .v Wd f Q ff-9 wi' 'S Q' l v . From thu point on . . . .4 ,,---' -ix il ff", ZV4,-f ,- 'Q if,f'N 'A-,,, .-...i - "' 'NNI f X I 77 MX mac?- f . . W, L!-Q nj, ' X.-.fi sf: ' ' .f-1-f,.-,Us-, A A. - ,f- '- i' .1-gf ' x , - 1-fi: ' , r.: Q .V 4-lfgjtf-' -3-11'f2fI-vivi-lfg 7 ,,w LL -':?- x rg". P. ,, ,.-52:13-1g,.-E,X'1 F 4. 'fs' ' g1'ff'1jZx+-'e?f4"i?f"' ' 'L A -Q4 11-arf . 2 v 4 i .iv A 5- ' fx, '.- ' r- ,' -.. P A 'ww .1 1 - fffqh-,QQ-5'.5.w',-gs-: l I TJ' A -.,., g, ,,,- A. . 'Ji' A' ' 7 V -A' 4.1: ' --.'v' w- - . , Zag, ' .AG r:g5,'.1,g.? Y' I 2 l L-F-':,:n5-J Q., . ':-,T r1fJQ:."u'7"" - ' Y' f-4 ' ,gfgy- , ., . --,JY F 1 :aff-3 '5'f1?f-115. X . N .A I: 1 A ,ph -mark MQ., fr- g f ' V.. f ,"1"'f "V, ,V - , f4-..4-- " 415' 'Ll' ,. aku! - 1,13 .6 .K Q 1 X, .'--11421 X, yg- f"'fi?1?'V ' ' ,, , 1' ' f - 1 f,,,. 4?- BLACK FGCUS by catherme watson and t1m hedgecoth Talent 1n USC s black commumty was the nucleus of the mne programs presented around the theme From thls po1nt on durmg the slxth annual Black Week Tell us now dont we look cool summed up the chants bellowed and crooned by f1V6 black Greek orgam zatlons for an hour and a half on a bltterly cold March evemng The crowd huddled together threw ln the1r own vlews of the entertamment usually wlld screams of approval Usmg shuffllng and tapplng feet clappmg and snapplng flngers as thelr only mstruments the perform ers wound around the Russell House patlo ln a long chaln of bOd1eS weavlng ln choreographed umson The soror1t1es 1n bold colorful costumes presented a beautlful performance whlch as one aud1ence member sa1d was cute' The fratermtles were not nearly as coordmated or as pretty as the women but they made up w1th loud enthuslasm They could be heard for blocks chantlng We re hot we re hlp we re hell Also opemng up Black Week was a speclal dmner at Russell House cons1st1ng of ch1tl1ns 1n two var1et1es bolled and frled Most people passed the opportumty up w1th a startled look to thelr compamons along w1th the news that the stuff that looked l1ke raw fxsh squlggllng around was really boiled ch1tl1ns Outslde performers for Black Week lncluded the Des cendants of Mlke and Phoebe who performed a hlstory of black mus1c and Soma Sanchez a popular black poet ess Mldweek brought two Wednesday evemng dramatlc presentatlons The Akua Players of Benedlct College performed James Weldon Johnson s God s Trombones as a worshlp servlce FIVE black robed preachers each dellvered one sermon selected from the seven that com prlse Johnson s work backed by a gospel cholr whlch mtroduced and punctuated each sermon w1th sp1r1tuals USC s own Playwrlghts Corner Theatre followed the Players w1th Take a Sad Song a two act drama wrlt ten by Dr Mary E Mebane and dlrected by Roland L Reed The story l1ne dealt w1th both wh1te llberal attltudes toward blacks and tradltlonal attltudes toward women of mdependent means and mmds but largely Take a Sad Song exammed the structure of the Southern black fam1ly The small audltorlum of Currell College was packed w1th people standmg 1n the a1sles for Thursday mght s Talent and Fashlon Show Wh1Ch seemed as though lt would never end lastlng three hours Flfteen acts Whlch conslsted prlmarlly of smgers and dramatlc presenta t1ons were generally well recelved by the aud1ence whlch screamed and hollered qulte often The last per former Shelby Dav1s p1erced the aud1ence s llstlessness w1th her beautlful operatlc rendltlon of Summertlme whlch won her f1rst place and EB501n the competltlon Where IS the man to treat me r1ght'P was the cry of Gwendolyn Renee Hollls as she spoke agamst the neg lectful treatment of black women by men 1n the poem The Inqu1s1tion. Every llne was met w1th ecstatic approval by the largely female aud1ence the frenzled mood strongly contrastlng with the soft muslc and fllck ermg candlellght ln the background Her performance took second place Third place went to another female vocallst Sheryl Lunn for her powerful rendltlon of My Love Kenny Lebby and Rlcardo Moody recelved an honorable men tlon for thelr harmonlous pop songs From three men and four women contestants Damel McRae and M3118 Deschamps were chosen as Mr and Mlss Black USC Frlday nlght At the Saturday mght awards banquet 30 awards were presented to people for outstandmg service C11 max1ng the week was the Afro Amerlcan Ball Whlch approxlmately 150 students attended Our major problem was trymg to generate enough mterest to get people to come and trymg to flgure out what sort of program would draw them out Glorla N el son co chalrman of the Black Week plannlng commlt- tee sa1d I d really l1ke to see more programmmg all through the year rather than Just 1n thls one Week Nelson Sald w1th regards to lmprovmg Black Week Nevertheless no one soon forgot the fancy footwork wlnch brought loud appreclatlon from the aud1ence 1n the early staged plays The few mistakes whlch every amateur tends to make were greeted w1th laughter thus pmpomtmg the Jovlal mood of the week Early performances brought to the whole scene an atmosphere of a wlld rock concert Women screamed at Even the Corner Theatre served as an area where playrlghts could have thelr unf1mshed works performed before feedback from an aud1ence Only stools and a dummy telephone were used 1n the performances w1th each actor readmg h1s hnes from a blue notebook One play told the story of a North Carollman schoolteacher Emma Johnson w1th her fam1ly and whlte llberal frlends 1n Durham N C It was a good week Nelson sa1d But 1t could be better We need to see what could be done to get more people mvolved Damel McRae and Marls Deschamps wear smlles after w1nn1ng the Mr and Mlss Black USC tltles 185 l as ' ' 77 ' ' . . 7 . . . . . . . . . l ' - . , . . . 7 - an - - u 77 7 7 ' . . ,, . . . . C V - u . 7 77 ' ' ' 7 7 ' . . . . ' 7 . 7 . . . . . . . . ' 7 7 ' 7 7 . . . . . . . I , I I - . . . . . 7 . . 7 ' ' 7 . . . . . . . . . H . . , . . . . - 7 7 7 7 7 7 . . . ,, . 7 7 9 ' 44 77 - - - ' ' ' 7 ' 7 . 7 7 ' . . H , . . - 7 ' u 7 7 ' 7 77 ' ' - 79 ' 7 7 ' 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 - 7 . . . . . 7 , . , , ' ll E S eel' mlrac 6 O G men S 3.I'1Cy 1'I13.I1el.1VeI'S. ' ' ' ll h ' l f th ' f . . . . . . . I I 0 7 u 7 97 - 7 . . . . . . . . . . . ' 7 . , . . . . . . 7 7 . 0 I , Q I , . , . . , U l U ' sc 77 ' - 7 . . . . . . . . H . 7 nussmmmu 77 - " '-H , . , ,. . . . . . , 7 7 - 7 . . . . . , . . . 7 7 . . . , . Y 7 7 . . . . . N . ,, N 7 . . . . . 9 . 1 , 1 cc ' ' 77 ' ' 'l ' 1 , ' ul ri. I I I S5 YCCOFLUJU Ri To the Russell House University' Union, students are our most impor- tant asset. For the simple facts tell us that if students aren't at Carolina, we aren't going to be at Carolina either. Most students realize during their first few weeks at Carolina that col- lege life is more than just books. For the whole learning experience at Car- olina, that is where the Russell House University Union comes in. We want to show you the side of USC outside the classrooms. We want to provide Unusual attractions like Mystic Maria from the Special Programs Committee. you with entertainment, activities and fun. And we have a program eco- nomically suited for any student at Carolina. We want you to try us. But, you may ask, what does the Union have tooffer me at Carolina? Student-operated, the Union's pro- gram has expanded and tailored its plans to meet your interests and demands. Presently composed of 9 committees, the Union plans and coordinates the majority of cultural, A transportation service to all points in the U.S. at the Travel Center and discount tickets for Columbia shows at the Ticket Office. educational and entertainment events for the Carolina community. Without demanding social, aca- demic or political prowess, member- ship in the Union is open to each Car- oliniang with such an all-encompass- ing organization, every interest is represented. It is the Union's Cinematic Arts Committee that offers you over 250 films each year at free and reduced rates. It is the Union's Contemporary Sounds Committee that is responsible for booking, promoting and staging the big-name entertainers and bands that perform at USC. It is also responsible for our own nightclub, The Golden Spur, which offers free A complete information service, including a notice board, at the Information Desk on the ground floor of Russell House. 186 Ad vertisem en t iii' U U00 J ll 'il till RQ 2 C3 MIMO QAQGIQ l JU weekly entertainment. The Cultural Series Committee attempts to offer cultural experi- ences to the USC student in the form of ballet, art, and drama. And it is the Trips and Expeditions Committee A student-run bar and a concert series, along with beers at competitive prices, in the Golden Spur. that arranges group trips to Europe, the Caribbean and even home for the weekend at economy rates. The speakers who lecture each week at Carolina on various topics are designed by the Union's Ideas and Issues Committee to supplement and enrich each student's educational experience. And the Unionis Free University Committee provides free, non-credit interest courses in every- A complete array of books on subjects from art to zoology in the Campus Bookstore's Book Corner. thing from mime to karate. The Winter Formal, bubble gum blowing contest and plant sell are under the auspices of the Special Pro- grams Committee. And Bell Camp, the lakeside recreational facility for Carolina students, doesn't just hap- pen. It too is Union-owned. Quite obviously, with all its com- mittees, the Russell House University Union has something for everybody. And with the new addition to the Russell House, the Union will be able to offer students a larger bookstore, 1 l l vb- D"S-X920 rn'-s gl-'.E.s20sg fborgxilgg H.:gaqf:S.tg....+i40f11:rncn 0.7394 O5-QBWQBH. iswifsscsosssa . . ... G mD"g5g55w'-"'1Ot4,..s2 "'m"fg4r-sSK4g:.-S 5"5""::-' SWSQOBWMDE' sc SQCQQUSSSKH9 Q,,3l5f11,Og5:f",,fimgc' FQFE'-at-tcmgmogcg EU-lf+'5gOg"QQ"97gC"g27S Uissmcsmgsa sw- o::mmsT"""fDmc?m- 5 Qssggsimgifafcgm "' C+' sQPi5'509Ss'2sfNEfE 'f2E.,,2s:3eQ-gfiisg cs-4mN'o5,G,Ofi -crm ocn'E,':':,'::gD..,3c'-9'51fD D-"1 :Sm 'RQ- 14"f's' '45 --ff1wU"Um lv---Q mf? . Q O 1-v-.q2O,,cn4-r 5-555 g4lCDEU2Q-1:4 Q.'T'T5Q,.g'p Ul'llOI'1 il TS V9 ni bl russell house 3 Ad vertfsemen t 187 U53 the Gneatest Show sets up unoen USGS sac top When Ringling Bros. and Barnum and Bailey Circus comes to Carolina Coliseum, people from all around come to see "the greatest show on earth!" Children of all ages enjoy the cir- cus, and USC "children" are no exception. The celebrated performers and animals at the circus provide entertainment and excitement for X r .mrmnyorummmgs In the pre-show parade, a bow-tied Bozo sits astride one of the Greatest Show's greatest acts. everyone. This is what causes many people to return year after year. It is not uncommon to hear someone say, "I go tothe circus every year and each time I see something different." 1975 marked the 104th edition of this spectacular circus. Over a three- day period at the Carolina Coliseum it attracted 53,107 people. Ringling Bros. and Barnum and Bailey Circus has performed at the Coliseum every spring since 1969 with a new attrac- tion each time. 188 by brenda easterling Thenewest addition to the circus last spring was "the smallest man in the World," Michu Meszaros. Circus President Irvin Feld and his son, Cir- cus Vice President Kenneth Feld searched two years for the smallest man in the World and found Michu in 1973. Michu weighs only 25 pounds I. Aw Jnnrmyommmxngg No. 15 and his sequined friend scan the thou- sands of faces blinking through the Coliseum darkness. J0hr1v1yDYUmm1r1Q5 Almost enraptured, a colorful Keystone Kop beams at the crowd as the show gets under- way. ig and stands 33 inches tall, seven inches 5 D shorter than the legendary Tom rIThumb. What is so wonderful about the cir- cus is that it is unpredictable. Although the acts are planned and rehearsed during the Winter months at circus headquarters in Florida, there is always an element of surprise and excitement in the shows. When a difficult stunt is being performed, the audience becomes awe-struck and silent. The crowds "ooh" and "ah" at dangerous stunts and near-falls, they applaud loudlyat a good perform- ance, and they laugh heartily at the clowns. Cotton candy and peanuts, clowns and elephants help to define a circus but the greatest definition for the greatest show on earth can be read on the faces of the circus audience. The old, the young, the big, the little, look on in wonder and merriment at the circus, and see a dream world become real before their eyes. by catherine watson In pitch blackness, the curtains opened. All that could be heard were the clattering chains drawing the cur- tains back to reveal an empty stage lit only by a black light background. The stage was bare. And stone silent. This was the opening scene of the performance of Dan Wagoner and Dancers, a modern dance company brought to perform at the Coliseum in April by the University Union, assisted by grants from the South Carolina Arts Commission and the National Endowment for the Arts. Still in silence, Wagoner, a muscu- lar man with strong, rugged features and long, black curly hair, stepped on stage. Throughout this solo, the only sounds were the groaning stage boards and his strained breathing. After Wagoner's solo, a woman, pale with closely cropped hair, totally absorbed in her dance, began her solo. With her first movements began the music, choral music, strong, loud, unintelligible. Then, the two joined onstage for a duet in which they repeated many of the movements introduced in the ear- lier solos. Now their bodies linked, parted, entwined, and separated as they moved together across the stage. Throughout this dance, and others also, it seemed that the dancers suf- Wagoner dances, teaches, dances speaks, dances. fered from sudden uncontrollable tremors, which sometimes developed into violent convulsions. The sparse crowd was a bit startled by this very serious, yet extremely sensual opening movement, but they warmly applauded the second one, the "Broken-Hearted Rag Dance," with music by Scott Joplin. Wagoner again performed solo in this delightful comic dance. Through flapping, flowing movements, move- ments that 'were sometimes so fast they were almost a blur, Wagoner portrayed a sad, shy clown, awkward in the ways of love, a character 'remi- niscent of Charlie Chaplin and Marcel Marceau. In the third number, five dancers flitted about the stage like butter flies, first moving in complete unison and then separating to do their own thing. The dancers continually flop- ped on top of each other and slapped their .backs as if bugs were biting them to the rhythms of a squeaky vio- lin, which sometimes played franti- cally and then unbearably slow. The last dance movement was a series of duets which seemed to por- tray various types of relationships. The first was heavily sexual in nature, the second primarily platonic, the third an ideal blend of the two. V The three duos then proceeded through a sequence which resembled wife-swapping, developing rapidly into an all out orgy with the strains of Johann Bach floating in the back- ground. ' All of the dances were choreo- graphed by Dan Wagoner, and seemed to have some deep meaning or view of life lurking behind them. But what the great revelation was, was never quite clear, and only fleet- ing impressions could be obtained. At the lecture-demonstration, the meaning of it all was still not revealed. The groups performed many of the dances that were included in their main performance, but in a more informal manner. The dancers pranced gracefully about the Russell House patio in ragged sweats- hirts, jeans, combat boots, and tennis shoes, oblivious to the crowd that had gathered to see what in the world was happening. The only words ever spo- ken during this lecture-demonstra- tion were by Wagoner when he said, "This is a lecture-demonstration. Dancing is doing. So we are doing." And the dance resumed. The company, which has performed all over the world, most recently in India, also gave two dance work- shops. Dan Wagoner displays his many musical tal- ents on the dance floor. 189 . N V ' sm X V? ,fl '-JL A Q 9 v , ' 1 7 5 'wtf' 6 ' l . 4.3 A -mx' 4' ' rg F . - "Q v' ,. Tw " If fr P If I 4 ,iff iw ,L M . r 'vt V J -IN, pl 'I 1. ' ' ' .-7 " -Ska 1 -4,2 W ff ' "W M :iff ef- - "G,J.':!. - , ' A 4 Ji-5 -' 2 ,j4,..,:'L. ,- -W ff' 'Q' 'A 2 :C 4 5.v'?If',f ,, 4 N , l :f1' ."3f-'Q-Q "P, V' ' 1, -G A mais ,WIN , A X . 1 , '+- f ' ,A ' , ' 556 i'5l 3i-,i 1-' .V Q " 5 I , f ' j.,f.," - V . V 2 f . . 'E ' . A ' ,f in ' H gf? ' 4 1' ' m a ' " 4 I f k ' V - ,A , ' l. ' Q -Q , -4 ' . - ff , 1-' '21, M . 1 Y I. f ' Ng' , - . , NZ 'L - -- if A 5, . 1 ' ' -T' -' ' v-A. , , I , fv W j ' , I ' A i I A W imvg. ,, his 3 Q A V, I 4,, qc, ,,,. I , X, -f 7 -13 I - ' X A ' ' , 1, MFL 'f-' T M- 1. . ' - .G ,. c . ,N Q I F ', X N qr. I 9, . ,- X .. . f 1. 4 -an f . Lf - - A- 1, '- . 4, , 4 I x M4 ' . r' fx -1, fk Y, W . 1 Q ,fi . . ,FM U vi? iz R ' " 1 , ,M W 1 W 1 Nr W- V' ,A L-iit -1. I ,?,i,.,i4+k?...,.. ....-.-. ,mm - k -'W - - V ' "tj ll Www will .M is Wil' fi QQN- - Ei- Q aww in Sli-ii 5 mm, l if .2, A, i 'ii : l 1 v E I, KarIBaA1hcIum9w Jimmy Buffett and the Coral Reefer Band bowl over the playing field audience with "Why Don't We Get Drunk and Screw?" by catherine Watson What do you do with 12 people called the Caroline Home- coming Committee and 311,000 in funding? You have the largest and most varied Homecoming celebration ever at USC. "In the original stages all we were going to have Was Cockfest and the parade. But we decided that Homecoming should be a much bigger affair at such a large school as this than it has been in the past. So we went with a whole week's activities," Larry Johnson, the committee's chair- man, said. The Wonderful World of Carolina, the Homecoming theme, was illustrated by well-known cartoon characters, and was carried out in Cockfest skits, parade floats, and a special film festival called Kartoon Klassics during the week. "With the Spirit Nite and the Student Nite, we were try- ing to involve the community a little bit more," Johnson said. Four Rosewood nightspots and the Golden Spur offered special discounts "appealing to the partying liking KAl1Bur1hcl0m!W Sigma Alpha Epsilon and Alpha Delta Pi's entry in the parade, the Donald Duck Locomotive, straddles Main Street's yellow line. Karl Bartholomew Coach Carlen fLisa Leachmanj answers reporters in a skit by Chi Omega Sorority. The skit won first-place in Cockfest. 191 mfgll-D - crowd," on Spirit Nite, which started the Homecoming celebration. The next night featured a street dance and pep rally in front of Belk's. Johnson said, "We wanted to have it on Green Street, but, well, with the controversies." He also said that about 800 students came for the eve- ning despite the distance from cam- pus. Wednesday night started the string of concerts that dominated Homecoming week. Arthur, Hurley, and Gottlieb played in the Golden Spur for two nights, with the Hues Corporation starting the Cockfest crowd a bumping and a jumping Fri- day ..night, and Jimmy Buffett and therCoral Reefers giving an outdoor concert Saturday afternoon that brought out nearly 4,000 people. "Pd have to say the most successful event was the Buffett concert," John- son said, ubecause that had the larg- est turnout, except, of course, for Cockfest." "Concerts are a pretty general call- ing card that everybody can identify with, and because this week-long Homecoming was brand new, it needed a drawing card." "If we could name three top events, they would be the parade, Cockfest, and Buffett, those are the three that people really came out for." Cockfest brought out about 6,000 people, a larger turnout than last year's, partly attributed to the winning football record this year. "I think it's the best- Homecoming we've ever had. The student feedback has been really good," Johnson said. Cafeteria workers serve up ears of corn and hot barbecue at a Homecoming picnic on the Russell House patio. 192 He also said they tried to involve more people by offering a wide vari- ety of events for every type of taste this year. Children, students, and alumni started gathering an hour and a half before the parade was scheduled to arrive Saturday afternoon. In addi- tion to the usual ROTC drill teams, marching bands, and Homecoming attendants, 15 floats, constructed in one week by various campus organi- zations were the main event. Winning the float competition was Tri-Delta's and Kappa Alpha's "Pabst Power," which featured an enormous Goofy riding a motorcycle. Other floats included Snoopy, Win- nie-the-Pooh, and Steamboat Willie. A satisfying victory over Virginia Tech, 41-14, wound up the week. A Student Allocations Commission CSACJ funding was increased this year for Homecoming from about S7500 to S11,000. Johnson said this additional funding was necessary because, besides having more events, the Homecoming Committee also financed Cockfest, which was spon- sored by the athletic department last year. The Homecoming Committee also received funds from the Alumni Association, the Student Government Association, and the University Union in addition to those from SAC. Representatives of prominent cam- pus organizations such as the Student Government Association and The Association of Women's Students, as well as anyone who was interested in serving on the committee made up the 12 people on i the committee. "The Homecom- ing Committee really did a j am-up job, but I feel that they really didn't receive the recog- nition that they deserved," John- son said. "Every- body said 'Hey, that's a great event,' but nobody said, 'Hey, thank you Homecoming Committed." Although the Kudos did not go out, it is sure that every one on the Homecoming Committee have a lot to be proud of, especially their enduring hard work. Rum Jillooal Beaming at the 51,574 fans, Cindy Toma, newly crowned queen, repre- sented the Inter-Fraternity Council. blond Cindy Toma, sponsored by the Inter-Fraternity Council, won the Homecoming Crown. "We hope that this will be a preced- ent year that people can build on," Johnson said. He also said that he hoped Homecoming would develop into such a major event that people would start getting ready for it three or four weeks in advance. KID Cuhm The Panhellenic Council conducts a business sesslon to determine what the sororltxes will be doing during the year IGACIDG U16 oneeks by cheryl boltln The Inter Fraternity Council rep resents all of the fraternltles on cam pus While the council was originally set up as a government organization it IS now trying to change to more of a service organization for the frater n1t1es This year it has been totally res tructured and is actually doing some thing for the fraternities Instead of setting down hard nosed rules the council tries to help solve any ques tlons or problems the fraternities guidellnes are st1ll set The council also helps coordinate activitles between fraternitles such as Rush and Greek Week This year a new 1dea was used for Rush Instead of rush lasting Just a week with a dec1s1on as to Whlch fra termty to Join at the end of the Week Tony Lowman IFC President, said that they v anted rush to be a contln uous process durmg the year Rush week would remain wlth 1nv1tat1ons but that an invited rushee could pledge any time during the semester The Inter Fraternity Council pub llshes a newspaper and has a work shop once a month on topics to lmprove the chapters, such as how to run meetings IFC wants the chap ters to receive some self sufficiency so that they can move off campus At the regular Hlgh School Leader shlp workshops they invite outstand 1ng high school students to USC but th1s year the council plans to v1s1t various communlty high schools to fam1l1ar1ze the students with frater n1t1es at Carolina Hopefully this pro gram will interest more freshmen in Rush and in Greek life Many stu dents presently get mvolved ln fra ternitles or soror1t1es because they During Greek Week the IFC spon sors dances concerts and the Greek games 1n additlon to the Inter Fra termty Council banquet, outstandlng fraternlties the most athletlc frater n1t1es and the most academically 1ncl1ned fraternities are elected In past years three fraternltles had a membershlp GPR of over 3 0 Some of the IFC s goals are to get the councll s court system into the Un1vers1ty s court system The coun c1l would also like to see an increase 1n the cooperation between the Inter Fraternity Council Student Govern ment ASSOClat10H and the Russell House University UHIOH After the completion of the new library, IFC and other fraternity members are planning to landscape the area around fraternity houses. All sorority members are automati cally members of the Panhellenic Association The Panhellenlc Council, which 1S the governing body of the Panhellemc Association, sets up rules and guidelines for the soror1t1es There are nine soror1t1es represented by the council with each sorority sending one delegate to represent them Durlng Greek Week the Panhel lenic Council coordinates sorority activities including community serv ice projects participation in the Greek Games and the formal dinner L1ke the fratermties the soror1t1es have an awards day when the out standing soror1t1es are elected The Panhellenic Council would really l1ke to see the const1tut1on for the soror1t1es revlsed because a lot of the rules are tr1v1al and should be brought up to date, Susan Bartels president, said The council is trying to set down some guldellnes for next year because 1n the past no records have been kept by the council about the soror1t1es the act1v1t1es problems and ambitions A meetmg in March set down the objectives of the 1976- 1977 school year Hopefully in the future money that IS brought in from dues will be used for all of the soror1t1es mstead of a l1m1ted number of people The Panhellenlc Council like the IFC has people golng to the high schools to acquaint students Wlth the fraternity sorority system They are Greek to a more serious type of organization FRATERNITIES Alph Ph Alpha A T O ga Ch P Kapp Alph KappaAlph P Kappasgm La bd Ch Alph Om guP Ph Ph DeltaTh ta Ph K ppaP Ph K pp Sgm PiK pp Alph PnK pp Ph Sgm Alph Ep I Sgm Ch S N Sgm Ph Ep l ZemB taT u SORORITIES Alph K pp Alph Alph D Ita P Ch Om Delta D lta D Ita Delta S gm Theta D2lU1Z6l8 Kzipp D Ita Kapp K pp G m P1 Beta Phi Sgm G ZetaT Alph , V - 1 1 , , ' n 0 . xemeewer sr r 9 . . . . 7 ' ' 1 9 . . - . . . , . . . , V . . . . . , . H " 1 1 . . - . . . I , - . . . - 7 "- 7 ' ' 7 ' present them with although some don't know enough about them. trying to change the stereotype of the . . . . , . . l 1 1 " ' . . . . . 7 . - ig-'ma U , 3 i i a i si on . . . . .. . . . lpha au me e a ' V - i si . . . . . 3 a 9 V a si a a a a ' ' ' . ' i a a e i . , , , m a i a i ega I - e ' si i e 1 e ' ' 1 - i e i a ' i a si ' ' ' ' ' ' ' 7 - i a a i a a e Z , , , , ' . A a a a a a a a ' a a i ' ' . . . . i a a sion i a amma Rho - ' i a i s au a n V - - , - ff-Campus Housing For The Greeks - When, Where, How? by karen petit Off-campus living for Greeks - the possibility seems remote at this time. Although many fraternity and sorority members favor a plan allow- ing them to live in their own build- ings, the University has made no 'QU-pl, Hill' . . Slnilldoklny Like her sister sororities, Delta Zeta keeps a lounge on the Sims Hall patio. decision on the issue. According to Michael Compton, USC adviser to fraternities and soror- ities, the term "off-campus" housing is misleading. "We have always had an area of the University designated for fraternity housing. This area is near Bates House and the Roost. So this really isn't off-campus. Techni- cally, it is very much on campus." Representatives of the Greek sys- 194 tem on campus have submitted a plan for more Greek housing to the Board of Trustees. This report, however, has not been released for public informa- tion. The University has several objec- tions to Greeks living off campus. The main objection is one of mechanics. There is no property in Columbia spe- cifically zoned for fraternity and sorority living. If a fraternity finds an off-campus area for living, it must go before the Columbia zoning commission. This can take a long time, Compton said, and it is very likely that residents in the area would object to a fraternity living nearby. If the zoning ordinance is granted, it is only given'on a year- to-year basis. "We discourage this kind of move," Compton said. "It is just too risky." "Currently, we are running the risks of fraternities being very scat- tered on campus," Compton said. "There really is something about the unity factor in the Greek life pro- gram. That leaves us with the kind of building program we are strongly pushing. That is, building new facili- ties on University land." Such a project would require the individual fraternity to raise 25 per cent of the construction cost for the new facility. The University is not lending money, Compton said, although the University would raise the remaining 75 per cent of the total cost. The University would be the sole owner of the facility. The fraternity would pay back the remaining 75 per cent over 30 years. Even after this time, there would be a long-term lease for the fraternity, but the fra- ternity would not own the structure. "We would encourage an apart- ment-type setting," Compton said. "It would give the fraternity more flexibility in management." W, ,E f'4..f,.,pi A 'Wai Yrltildolvy McBride Quadrangle sides on the Bates ramp, a stone's throw from the Russell House. "The sororities at the national level are not wanting to build at this time. So this option really seems to be one for fraternities. But we are talking about them raising 25 per cent fund money, or about S50,000. It could be a long time before they could raise the money. Actually, it would take alumni support." The primary benefit of this type of Greek life seems to be in managerial experience. The fraternity or sorority would be faced with the responsibil- ity and obligation to fill the spaces in the building. Then, they must actu- ally run the facility with no housing support. By managing the building in its entirety, the fraternity would be gaining significant practical experi- ence. According to Compton, sorority facilities are far from ideal. Only eight sorority rooms are provided in Sims dormitory. The remaining four sororities on campus must find weekly meeting places. A new plan for McBryde fraternity quadrangle has been implemented this year. Each fraternity building at McBryde houses 26 men. Before now, the fraternity was only required to fill 14 of the 26 beds. The remaining spaces could be rented to independ- ents. By 1977 the fraternities will be required to fill all the spaces with fra- ternity members in order to keep the house for the chapter. In 1974, McBryde was composed of a little more than 50 per cent frater- nity members. Today this number has increased to more than 90 per cent. Reduction in damages from 1974 has been from one-third to one-half less. "We are speculating that with no independents there, the groups are looking at this as their responsibility and there is more pride in the mainte- nance and upkeep of the facilitiesf' Compton said. fWith this new housing plan, frater- mgitiwes are gaining much of the practi- call experience the proposed Greek buildings would provide. Compton emphasized that Greeks are not the 0 'ly campus organizations that could lf' e"off-campus." pg ,'In effect, we are telling any group tight wants to raise 350,000 and com- mit itself to a 30-year program that tliey could do the same as the Greeks. i Q -f If only fraternities and sororities do this, we are not doing them a favor. We are hardly doing them a favor by asking them to raise 550,000 Even on the surface it does not look like they are getting any special privileges," Compton said. i "We are not builiiing a fraternity and sorority row. Wb are giving them the chance to do that themselves. What really makes a big difference is that we want 25 per cent down. As evidence of their good intentions, financial stability, and commitment, we are requiring the money first," he added. I According to housing director Rob- ert Stewart, no decision has been made yet for a Greek area near the Roost. "The general feeling is that if a fraternity wants to pursue this, it would have to come iup with a signifi- cant equity in order to be able to finance the buildingl "Our only interest would be for them to tell housing of their inten- tions so that we could rent the-spaces at McBryde," Stewart said. l i 2 R. .g l: .4 il ' i. il, r-W ii Q, 9 . ' -4' Eff' . , l'f 32' " .A 4 5 , it Xi, 'L - .'.. . nb ' '-,- 'F .il 3' , - i ': g Al'A,'35,,J:Qfll A --Sri ww "'4"'- 'ii if' ' .5 A ,--., Awww.-auf . Qnhl ...- KIDCUIIM Columbia firemen tramp through the debris of Phi Beta Pi's lounge after the Sims fire, the lounge will be repaired for the girls. The term "off-campus Greek liv- ing" may be misleading to many stu- dents, including Greeks themselves. The current University proposal for Greek housing would be on Univer- sity land quite near the central cam- pus. Because of the 350,000 down pay- ment and long-term lease, the new housing plan initiated at McBryde, and Board action on the proposal,,any change in the present Greek system seems like just a future plan. Delta Sigma Pi, a business fraternity, was one of the first fraternities to move off campus. t 5254 WHY ' ii .. .. rf - .-,. . .' 1 --5 W -. . 4-. 1, . 5-.or H , - -A ., -nr., .4. ,W ...l 1176 .aff I 0 -s. 1' .I ' .-vt, . -.. ., mir ,: - l.- . .. .-M -.jf 1 ".- - Q.,-' ff' - 23543. . I "4 Ji -.,,, .J I, 'rf T f .V L - ,s., 7 7 , ff 7 3. ' afar- ' 'ii' KV 5 1 ' . ' -, lf, .:'.- .- . - .nw . rw 0 r ' Q ---- c g ' "". .- . , 195 A, . 4, . , , .'a,,,a1-'1'.xvf qv, ,- '- ' ' ' 'i'-Yi..--' x . EL 3 J- GREEIQ UIEEIQ FIELD HIELDI GREEN ITREFIIQ by catherine watson 196 After raising 34,561 for "Brothers and Sisters of Columbia," three times the amount collected last year, fra- ternities and sororities celebrated the end of Greek Week and the fund-rais- ing drive with their annual Greek Games. The setting for this great war was incongruous. An upright piano sat on the sidelines, accompanying 20 danc- ing girls and their tambourines. The arena, an intramural field, Was packed with the "knights" in Greek T-shirt banners of gold, red, blue and green, screaming for victory. RIS effooal Cal Seawell of Phi Kappa Sigma leaps the first of the hurdles on the obstacle course set up on field A. Amidst this preparation, several figures, candidates for Miss Aphro- dite, stood apart from the masses, their elegant white dresses Whipping violently in the Wind. Then the glorious contests began. For the men, it was Wrestling, foot races, and finally the teeth-gnashing, muscle-bulging tug-o-war that tested their courage. Brute strength Won out as Zeta Beta Tau took top honors with second and third places going to Kappa Alpha and Sigma Nu. N obility and dignity Were carefully preserved in the Women's games, though, which included such classics as the izzy dizzy race, the egg toss, and most glorious of all, the Volk- swagen car cram. Sacrificing bodily comfort for the chance of attaining eternal glory, 23 girls managed to With Doug Anthony anchoring Phi Delta Theta's end, Flint Smith, Nick Leventis and Robin Well- man strain against Phi Kappa Psi in a Greek tug-of-war. HLISSJENICKMI V , Y,..N..... V 1 '1 ' 6 FF' G n . , - e ,, 5, -at X FL 'S 4 '5 . . - - 1 1 , , , ,f- . . Q ...J KVW 1 X i w.. M. sp asf tg. 1 ,fit ' 5 A 1 , 4 1 u ' H 'W ' ' if . . . :nf . in K " ,fix .J . g . 1, fri in if, - :Rl - n , . sfg E sz ' 2x-1, . , nu. MLN ,J "K 4:-"LV V :im I Y. t -. ., iiuf I Nik 1: E I A -f. .r .V Y X . , 4-13, ' N Pl 'K 5 Wi' ' - .. N X , 43 . -re u. rf' . 3 ' '1 N 4 4' Q 'L L X -E 1 . , .,....-,,.u- Q4 '-op-, .,.. - 5 ,, ..-.., 75.15. .A 4.-'ani-:v -fx. D059 fx -v-'cb-91 . . - . -'.,.. . H ' , . ,wvlga M, w 4.1. ,,x.a5..,,..,,,'-V af-""""""'4f NW. fx xg vu.-.0-.,." .--'N wx, . li F" - 1 X 0 in .-r J , ,.- . 1' ,v V1 . M., 4 V -61.1. , 1 tx X 1 . ' :Hn KX f MN ' , f 'Q ,::ff2:Jf . it , .V ,avg y 4 l,',4 . .. V ci .,, ,. . ""7,i . . ' ll 'A 0 1- J' f' 2 nl ,, , J. ,VQJ .-,J N 'iii'-E m l l can safe Wrapping up the Soda Shop scene, George Long of Chi Psi stops the show with an imitation of Elvis singing "Can't Help Falling in Love With You." Sororifies Ga-dall kick off 'Follies' DAMEBQHS Bell-bottom trousered Dennie Galasso, as Nel- lie Forbush, glides around Mike Flippo, her Honey Bun, in a scene from "South Pacific." 198 by susan hedgepath "Another opening, another show, another opening, another show . . ." and that's how the evening of April 15th went at the Greek Follies, "An Evening With Broadway's Greatest Hits." Greek Follies, which is the unoffi- cial opening of Greek Week, is an annual event presented by the eight sororities on campus with the help of a few able bodied fraternity mem- bers. The 1975 Greek Follies consisted of members of all of the sororities as well as fraternity members of Chi Psi, Sigma Nu, Lamba Chi, and Sigma Phi Epsilon. Auditions for the event were held in January, shortly after the theme was decided on. Dennie Galasso not only came up with the theme of the show but also directed and choreo- graphed the production. She was assisted in directing by Elizabeth McMillan and in choreogra- phy by Rhoda J ones. Production prob- lems were handled by Anjay Ashe, musical direction was under Becky Pitts, Melaina Clement was responsi- ble for the set design, and Macky Smith handled publicity. The cast originally consisted of 100 but as the numerous rehearsals con- tinued and people realized how much time was really needed the number was soon drawn down. By the night of the performance, 70 cast members went under the lights to give their best to entertain the Carolina com- munity. And entertain, they did. The performance consisted of two acts of several scenes each, with a 15- minute intermission between them. The first ,act contained the opening medley "If They Could See Me Now" from "Sweet Charity," "Mame" from "Marne," and "Give My Regards to Broadway" from "George M," and three scenes. The three scenes were entitled Girl Talk, with such hits as "I Feel Pretty" from "West Side Story" and "Matchmaker" from "Fiddler on the Roof," Casino Royale, with "Hello Dolly" and "Cabaret," and Soda Shop, with some oldie goldie rock hits like "Rock Around the Clock" and "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy." The second act contained two scenes and the finale. The scenes cen- tered around the Tavern and Fun in the Great Outdoors. The Tavern fea- tured "Omh Pah Pah" from "Oliver" and the song "Those Were The Days." Fun in the Great Outdoors featured "Raindrops Keep Fallin' on My Head" from "Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid." The finale presented by the entire company brought the evening to a pleasant close with the songs "Sis- ters" from "White Christmas" ,and "Applause" from "Applause," f The proceeds from the evening were added to the service project fund to aid Brothers and Sisters. W DUUEGIN Zeta Tau Alpha's Mary Carruth and the cast harmonize on "Day by Day" during the Fun in the Great Outdoors scene of Greek Follies. Party- Partying for Record- Setting Rushees by catherine watson "What we really aimed for was a less structured rush. But a less struc- tured rush requires a lot more organi- zation. More responsibility is placed on the rushee, and so she must be bet- ter informed," Lynn Williamson, rush committee chairman, said about the changes in rush this year. "The Greeks here aren't Greek. They're individual sororities. It's one sorority competing against another. So we stressed the whole Panhellenic Greek atmosphere," Williamson said. One way this was done was by having rush publicity emphasize the Greek atmosphere as a whole, rather than having individual sororities pushing the advantages of only their sorority. Also, emphasizing the Greeks as a whole was the first event of rush week, an ice cream social which intro- duced rushees to the Greek system rather than to separate sororities. At the Greek ice cream social, Jeanne Under- wood of Alpha Delta Pi uncaps a syrup jar while Gracie Hungerford of Chi Omega asks if it's the one. Kincullsr 'H 9 rs DUN! Edens Assembled on the Women's Quad the new pledges for Phi Beta Pi sorority count off in unison to the number that will be admitted that day. Rush week provides the perfect opportunity to learn how to party to the fullest, for it started off with nine parties, one by each sorority, on Sun- day, and proceeded with at least two parties every night for one week as the rushees gradually narrowed down their sorority choices. Better publicity, including a slide show and an introduction to rush at orientation plus flyers sent to fresh- men, increased the number of rushees to 422, the largest number ever at Carolina, Williamson said. Rush also resulted in the largest number of pledgees, 236. Rush was also shortened from two weeks to one. "Two weeks gives a rushee too much time to drop out. It just takes up too much time," Wil- liamson said. She also said that this rush resulted in almost a 30 per cent less dropout rate this year. "I think that rush here is too strict," Williamson said. "There are too many rules, too many restrictions, too many formalities. So we did away with some of that. I'd like to abolish most rush rules and see it become less structured, moving away from the formalities. I don't think the girls should have to receive an invitation to go to a party. I think she should be able to go if she wants to. Maybe next year." Exciting, fantastic and a great way to meet people were the overall impressions of five sorority pledges about Rush Week. But there were some objections. "I guess if I had to do it again, I would, but I wish it would be differ- ent," Karen Petit said. "It's an act in a lot of ways. It's a time in which you're trying to sell yourself to them and they're trying to sell themselves to you." Petit said that people she had known before rush acted differently towards her during the week and afterwards. "It was a rush job. You really 199 asm tyres In Phi Beta Pi's fifties skit during rush, Carol Dulin takes shake orders from Lynn Altschuler and Sue Perloff at Suzie's Soda Shoppe. sein Lyme At a reception in the M8zN Cafeteria, J an Correll, Sylvia Gillotte,' J an Anderson and Paula Long greet a few rushees for Zeta Tau Alpha. E W sem Lylss Bobbysoxers Jan Ringer and Debbie Summers of Phi Beta Pi chat in the lounge with a sweatered rushee. 200 didn't have enough time to choose a sorority. It fchoosing a sororityj was mainly on heresay," Gail Sherer said. "I don't regret what I did though. And for meeting people, it was out- standing." "I thought it was really fantastic," Kerry Stevenson said. "I met a lot of people, I made a lot of friends, and everybody was real nice." "It was so hectic, that you really Wanted to quit sometimes, but on the whole I liked it," Nancy Hari said. "I didn't like open-house on Sunday though. You'd rush in for ten minutes and didn't get a chance to meet any- body. By the time you got to the sev- enth house, you'd be sick of smiling." "It was quite an experience," Deb- bie Foltz said. "I enjoyed it more at the end than at the beginning though. It Was really confusing, and I didn't get to meet many people at the begin- ning." "I wish it could be spread out more, like over two weeks," Foltz said. "I felt like you really couldn't choose a good sorority during that one week. It can really be hasslingf' One last change this year was a plan by the rush committee to follow up on rush to find out what people thought about it and what changes might be needed next year. 15.1,-c xxx..-L l v l I i l i l 1 i l l l I Qin- KnppaDolla 1, , A sextet 'of 'punch sippers clowns in the 'Kappa' Delta lounge during The Greek Family Sister Trl Dalia X 1 Irmo All-Star Chris Moore toasts the joy of beverage at a Tri. Delta Hal- - , X X loween party at Slagger's'Inn. by mar1"maSe'ng " i Working toward social and service goals, with varying degrees of emphasis on each, 12 groups of women at USC call themselves sorori- ties. What they do all year is a mystery to many, often cloaked behind stereo- types. At Carolina the groups are active, providing involvement in cam- pus and civic affairs for their mem- bers. There are eight Pan Hellenic soror- ities, one colony and three non-Pan Hellenic groups. Most of the sorori- ties participated in Carolina Cares, worked on charity fund-raising drives, had their own philanthropies, played in the intramural games, held casual and formal affairs, and tried to help members with the academic Delta Zeta alumna Lynn Gargis relaxes noisily on the sofa while Ruth Simpson and Mary Kay Hogan play a serious hand of spades. mu: hm, J side of university life. But they each have individual characteristics. Chi Omega participated in a Jump- a-thon to raise money for the fight against, cystic fibrosis, pledges col- lected moneyiwith Kappa Alpha fra- ternity for multiple sclerosis, and all contributed to the canned food drive by Lambda Chi Alpha at Thanksgiv- mg. The intramural champions from last year, Chi O's participated heavily in the gairies again thisyear. Socialtiffairs included a drop-in hosted by the pledges, a Halloween party, a party for the Clemson Chi Omega's before the Clemson-Carolina game. Cindy Toma, a Chi O, was elected this year's homecoming Queen, and Karen Bowler was named the Kappa Alpha Rose. One continuing Chi Omega project is the Doris White Cecil Scholarship. Given as a memorial to a past mem- ber, the scholarship rewards a Woman active in the Greeks System. l Chi Oniiegaisi gave a Thanksgiving dinner to a needy family, held pro- grams such as personal protection, 201 At DelE'siiifilZ5fdge7stvim partyig'PattyUStotts',,and Sandy Banter share avfevwinapshots the ' othexs' FM Wixgfgi' Mu H M1 ,HMMVH11 ,i W, H X M X ix , M , .N H ' i. l H 1 in H H l l ' " w' 1 , careers and chapter analysis and had two fall paiuiqgl. Highlight for Chi O's fall semester was taking first place in the Cockfest skits. Delta Delta Delta had a band party in October and a pledge drop-in. They gave a semesterly scholarship steak and beans dinner where girls with a 3.0 GPR ate steak and underachievers something else. Deltas participated in almost all the intramural games, had a pledge retreat at Lake Murray, a Halloween costume party and a surprise party for the actives by the pledges. A skiing .weekend in Gatlinburg, a winning,li5mecomiing float and a Foundegs Dgay lp o celepbraitiorpat the S!1mmli'5T Wl5f e iyll SQmfFI ll9.f Mlisi year's ll Deltas .jalioffpaiwtici-i pated injihe food drive llll and collected miiey for the American Cancer Society. The Tri Deltas gave away their annual academic scholarship to a woman on campus who has demon- strated hard work. They planned a communityservice project, partici- pated in the Greek Follies, and the pledges had a bake sale. Delta Zeta sorority held a Founder's Day tea with parents, alumni and faculty, a pledge retreat at Lake Murray, a masquerade dance, and collected cans for the Miller recy- cling drive. The sorority has a contin- uing projectgvith the Midlands lCen- ter wheregiiembers play games with childre1g,ssiv.hppp,,, arei cerebral ,palsy vic- llyll llll M it for the Columlna. 'Brothers andifSisters pro- gram for underprivileged children, had a Cliristmas formal, gave a 202 Thanksgiving party, a physical fit- ness party and a sing-a-long party. They participated actively in intra- murals and collected money for March of Dimes and the Heart Fund. Their pledges gave a drop-in, and the chapter held weekly sister parties at Slagger's. A Christmas formal and the Rose Ball at Myrtle Beach were two of their main social events this year. Members gave a Halloween party for children at Richland Memorial Hospital, gave a New Year's Eve dance, attended a retreat at Myrtle Beach and gaveia covered dish dinner for their alumni to round out their busy year. , Kappa Delta fsorogjty i :i i hgembers directed the Gree1?fiFglgies and embarked on a new servicegproject - lleading exercise classes at Finley House in Five Points? They partici- From both can and cup, Brenda Bethune and Teri Sams down a bit of beer at a 'KKG get- together. Kansa Kappa Gamma pated in intramurals, had a Christmas carolling party, a Founder's Day luncheon and a pledge drop-in in the fall. KD's took second place in the Homecoming float competition and second place in Cockfest skits. A dance in September and a formal in January were two of their biggest social occasions. The Kappa Bowl was a major pro- ject of the Kappa Kappa Gamma's this year. They worked to organize the football game with sororities and fraternities to raise money for crimi- nal rehabilitation. Guitar pickers Ann Lester, Karen Fisk and Sandra accompany the Kappa Kappa Gamma singers at a sorority dinner. ., . . ,,,, ..:,..4.., AL L L, Kappa's also participated in the Lambda Chi Alpha can drive and the tiger burn, and sent fruit and cardsat Christmas to local nursing homes. 'Members sold magazines to raise money for their national housing fund, sold bicentennial cookbooks for the American Cancer Society, partici- pated in Carolina Cares and played in the intramural games. Members had a lot of fun singing with their group, the Kappa Pickers, a national characteristic of the Kappa Gamma sorority. Beta Phi sorority held a covered dish supper with the Pi Kappa Alpha's, and their pledges sold 35160 worth of doughnuts in one day for their sorority's coffers. They partici- pated actively in intramurals and worked for the Lambda Chi canned food drive. Phi's at USC supported an orphaned Indian boy in Arizona, remembering him on his birthday and at Christmas. Pledges gave a drop-in for other campus pledges, and the sorority worked for Carolina Cares and went on a retreat at Batesburgq Working closely with their alumnae this year, the Pi Phi's also relaxed with them at dinner parties. The sorority had several keg par- ties at Don's and at an apartment clubhouse. About ten sisters worked with Carolina Food Services to pro- duce Casino night at Bates House caf- eteria. A Christmas party on the river at Nichols and a formal in the spring rounded out the Pi Beta Phi social activities. Sigma Sigma Sigma joined the Carolina Pan Hellenic community this fall and was a colony while wait- ing for its charter. Nevertheless, members entered a float in the Homecoming parade, held a pledge drop-in and participated in Carolina Cares. The national Sigma Sigma Sigma philanthropy is "Sigma Serves Chil- dren," and the local colony has already begun doing its part. Pledges brought coloring books to children in various hospitals and donated money to the Robbie Page Memorial Fund. Members participated in intramu- rals and held a bake sale to raise money. They also set up a scholastic award for the girl with the highest GPRi ,Tri Sigs plan to involve them- selves with the Greek Follies thisl .year and hoped to give a Christmas Glennie Fowler, Joanie Star, Lisa Dodd and Donna Tiller flip their lids at Tri Delta's Hal- loween party. dance. Alpha Kappa Alpha, a non-Pan Hellenic sorority, is basically service- oriented. Members tutored children at Benson Elementary School and worked with orphaned girls at the Wilkerson Home. They were also actively involved with the city-wide Brothers and Sisters project. AKA's took the children on trips, counseled and played games with them. A national project of Alpha Kappa i Alpha is raising money for the United College Fund and each chapter is expected to donate at least 85500. To keep warm in the chillwautumn breeze, sisters in KappaVDe1ta fall rush huddle together on the Russell, House Patio. Legg to right':,Dennie Glasso, Janie Spurgen, Kathy Cragi, Angie Ashe, Shil Boniske and Ann Pasky. N , i , ' ' M E Toward this end USC members gave a fashion show and held other fund- raising drives. . The sorority also gives a scholar- ship to one worthy student every semester, male or female. The money for this project also came from funds the women raised themselves. Working in conjunction with the March of Dimes as their national service project, Sigma Gamma Rho presented lectures and films at local schools, churches, and organizatzons such as the YWCA to educate adoles- cent girls and young pregnant moth- ers about prenatal and postnatal care and birth control measures. Sigma Gamma Rho also supported the Brothers and Sisters program and a local girls' home by donating books, clothing, and funds. A Exciting times awaited Sigma Gamma Rho as the entire chapter of 32 members prepared to attend the national convention Cboulej in Florida during August. Tours to the Bahamas and the Caribbean were available at the convention. Taking top honors and four awards ,at their national convention was the highlight of Alpha Delta Pi's year. Progress award. for chapter improve- ment, Dorothy Shaw award for indi- vidual leadership on campus, and the Diamond Four-Point award, which was lbased on members? lliii s cholastic and . ,extra-curriicular, records, were Kappa Dolls l i 1 included in their honors. Selling over 100 First Lady Bicen- tennial cookbooks, AlphgiiDe1ta Pi members donated proceeds to the Kidney Foundation. Members also sgld magazines to raise ,inpney .for Alpha Delta Pi's national housing fund, which assists chapters to move off-campus. , , Homecoming saw Alpha-Delta Pi's float of a train carrying Donald Duck over the Virginia Cavaliers take sec- ond place. Members were ,also busy helping establish a new Alpha Delta Pi chapter at Clemson. Zeta Tau ,started the fall semester with a weekendl rush retreat at Lake Murray, which resulted in Zeta filling its quota of 33 new pledgeslwThe first big project tlie Zetas undertook with the new pledges was the Homecoming float, which won third place in the parade. The huge ship was built together with the Sigma Nu fraternity. Also, in the Miller, Company-spon- sored can recycling drive, the Zetas won first place, a color television, which they donated to the yMid-Caro- lina Council Alcoholism 'detdxifica-l tion center. On the national level, Zeta Tau Alpha is not only the youngest soror- ity, but also the third largest in the nation. USC's chapter won the high- est award given to a chapter, the Helen Margaret Harrison award, given to the best all-round chapter, at the last convention. The Zetas looked forward to. this year's national con- vention in New Orleans. At the DZ lounge Margaret Mitcljielluand Patty J ehl engage in card games to kill time. it " V mm zen 204 . Last spring was the Crown Ball, held every two years, which is a spec- tacular formal at which members and s their invited guests attend. Last spring, it was held at Rockbridge Country Club, and was attended by over 500 people. As a public service sorority, Delta Sigma Theta kept several community service projects going throughout the year. Its 14 members tutored children from kindergarten through sixth grade at the Midlands Community Action agency twice a week and also helped with the Brothers and Sisters organization. In December, Delta Sigma Theta held a toy dance to col- lect toys for children by charging a toy for admittance rather than money. Plans for spring projects included work with the Kidney Foun- dation and a university' scholarship fund. Members of Pi Kappa Psi fraternity join the sisters of KKG in threading, stitching and gnawing at the tail of the Tigerburn sacrificial animal. The Greek Family: Brothers In a Zeta Beta Tau cheering block at the Clemson game, Jeffery Sabel, Mark Toz- zini, Lee Brega, John Recd and Ricky Deck- elbaum project their opinions. by stephen b. davis They receive some of the most severe criticism of any segment of student organization on campus, but without them there would certainly be something lacking in eXtra-curric- ular activities within the Carolina community. The group is the 18 social fraternities. Over the past year they have shown as a collective group they can be one of the most powerful groups on campus. Yet each one still main- tains its own unique style. Most people still see fraternities as if they were the elite group of ten years ago. Instead they have devel- oped into organizations that serve a useful purpose to college students, regardless of if they are a member or not. A review of the most successful events of the past year will find one of USC's fraternities behind it. The most outstanding was the week of Homecoming. Cockfest spon- sored by PI KAPPA PHI was the big- gest and best ever. The skit competi- tion saw a fraternity, CHI PSI, place third. After the skits a concert with the Hues Corporation capped off the night. Over 90 per cent of the units in the During work on the made-for-burning tiger, Phi Kappa Psi members toss around pieces of stuffing. Phi KIDO! At the State-Record Building on the fair- grounds, Phi Delta Theta party-goers imbibe PJ. Phi DBIIB Theln Homecoming parade were sponsored by Greek organizations. A giant Pluto, on a chopper with the slogan "Keep on Truckin' " sponsored by KAPPA ALPHA won first place i i the float competition. The Greeks showed their strength in unity by having their representa- tive win the Homecoming queen title. The fraternities had a run-off among themselves. Cindy Toma sponsored by PI KAPPA ALPHA won the run-off, and then with all the fraternity men supporting her, won the Homecoming queen title. Homecoming night was finalized with a big dance behind the new library with all fraternity lounges open for other alumni and other 205 Alumnus Everette Leigh fforegroundj and a blond rushee sign in at Phi Delta Theta's rush. .,-- .-: . Uniformed and hoop-skirted, Kappa Alpha's twentieth-century Confederates mingle at Myrtle Beach. Phl Dells Thela Plkanon Pu Float builders from Pi Kappa Psi confer on design during a mass construction session. 1. 4 - Kappa Alpha guests. This event was coordinated by Joe Rice of ALPHA TAU OMEGA. Throughout the football season, each fraternity sponsored their own parties with different themes. After every home football game, the quad would be lit with the sound of juke- boxes and rowdy discussions on the game. The football season also saw the stadium decorated with banners made by the fraternities. Climaxing the football season was the Clemson game. This event saw a fraternity ignite the spirit. PHI KAPPA PSI sponsoring the Tiger Burn gave Carolina fans a time to show the true spirit. A large crowd attended the burn and pep rally. Spring brought out the competitive 206 spirit among the fraternities. Many traditional events were held, among them the SIGMA NU LITTLE 500, a bicycle race pitting fraternities against each other. But the biggest part of the spring for fraternities is Greek Week. This is the time when fraternity members from other fraternities try to get to know one another. In addition the week is a chance for all the fraternities to do something for the community. They raise money for the Brothers and Sisters organiza- tion, with the fraternity raising the most money receiving an award and points for the Greek Week trophy. Last year ZETA BETA TAU won the Recruiters Alfred Jackson and Billy Chestnut chat with Audrey Davis and Myrtis Robinson at the Alpha Phi Alpha desk. , 7 Y l contest. The finale of Greek Week is the Greek games, matching fraternities against each other in contests like wrestling, tug of war, and chariot races. ZETA BETA TAU won the Greek Week trophy. ALPHA TAU OMEGA, KAPPA ALPHA, and PHI DELTA THETA followed close behind in point totals. The award was presented during the Greek Week dance and beer bust. Earlier during the week SIGMA ALPHA EPSILON received the fraternity excellence award. Pm Kappa Psi Studying communally in the Phi Kappa Psi lounge, Bob Benson, I ' Tom Picluszczak, Tip Robinson and George Rlckles Joke wlth their Elbgw room is hard to come by m SPE's crowded Christmas brothers. party. sums Pm epsnon Flap ers Michele Sejman and Dawn Wood, Little Sisters for Sigma Phi Epsi- lon, Charleston about while Mike Parker quai' fs a beer. Brothers in Kappa Alpha share beers and mid-afternoon conversation in their lounge on the Quadrangle. 5. Spring also brings I elections for frater- nity officers, Intra- Fraternity Council officers, and student government officers. This year Greeks planned to have more fraternities repre- sented in student government by having a run-off among the fraterni- ties under the direction of Allan Med- lin of KAPPA SIGMA, elections com- missioner of IFC. SIGMA CHI sponsors Derby Day in the spring. This is a contest for the sororities, and it is also a fund-raising event for charity. Another aspect of fraternity life at USC is the intramural program. The fraternity division is by far the most competitive and the biggest in crowd attendance. During football season CHI PSI, PHI KAPPA SIGMA, SIGMA CHI, and SIGMA CHI EPSI- LON were the power teams. These teams made the exciting play-offs. CHI PSI just missed Winning the championship game to the Young Kansa N903 Democrats. Basket- ball season saw KAPPA ALPHA PSI, OMEGA PSI PHI, and SIGMA ALPHA EPSILON taking the spotlight. Each event with a Greek team in it saw large numbers of fans in attendance. Besides raising money during Greek Week, each fraternity did com- munity service projects. One of the best was the LAMBDA CHI ALPHA food drive. This is a contest in raising food among the sororities. Each year KAPPA ALPHA PSI sponsors a talent show and contest for charity. Greek organizations were 207 Elm, SbgmsPniEp51Ion - SPE Little Sister Brenda Charney winks at a joke with John Hubick, Tom ' Carter and Karl Myers standing beside her. l"'V bia, however. Street fjor a ride. 1 vii 1 KBDQB NDN! Scratch the sunshine and KA's oyster roast might seem straight out of Maine. The fraternity gathered in Colum- A grou of brothers fraternize while waiting on Blossom Kari Barlholumow instrumental in making Carolina Cares a success. A local bar turned over the place for the fraternities and gave most of the profits to the Caro- lina Cares Charity. This year the fraternities put out their own newspaper The Greek Forum, under the editorship of Wayne Adams of PI KAPPA ALPHA. The paper had many inter- esting features and news of concern to fraternity men. With so many activities, some peo- ple wonder how fraternity members have time to study. In most fraterni- ties, academic excellence is stressed. Last semester ZETA BETA TAU had 208 the highest average GPR for frater- nities. Several others had above aver- age for all male students. A majority of the fraternity's suc- cess can be attributed to the help of girls. A lot of chapters have active Little Sister chapters, ALPHA TAU OMEGA, SIGMA NU, SIGMA ALPHA EPSILON, and ZETA BETA TAU having very active groups. Each fraternity honors a spe- cial girl by electing her sweetheart. Some fraternities make this a special event. ALPHA PHI ALPHA has a special ball for their sweetheart and her court. The trend of bigger things for fra- ternities is evident in the number of men who go through rush each semester. Most of the fraternities look forward to the day when they can move off campus. PI KAPPA ALPHA has already made thestart. Plans are also looking up for 'frater- nity expansion at USC. As more students realize that fra- ternities aren't just beer parties, "top siders," and beach music, the growth process will continue, and maybe, just maybe, fraternity life will become something that .receives more praise and less criticism. HE CUNSU by susan hedgepath Drayton Hall Theatre was the scene December 2, 8, 5, 6, for the Columbia Lyric Theatre's perform- ance of "The Consul." "The Consul," a full-length opera by Gian-Carlo Menotti, became a Broadway smash hit in the early 1950's, won a Pulitzer Prize for Music, the New York Drama Critics Circle Award for best musical play of the season, and the Donaldson Award all within a few years. The story takes place in Europe as John and Magda Sorel rebel against some nameless force - probably the government. John manages to escape the secret police and safely crosses the border into another country but Magda must stay behind with the baby and J ohn's mother. Magda goes daily to the Consulate to try to get a visa so that they may join John in the other country. Unfortunately the red tape, documents, certificates, and various other papers to be filled out, signed, checked and eventually for- gotten become too much for Magda. She seeks the only refuge she can - death. The drama, presented by the Columbia Lyric Theatre and the Department of Music at USC, was produced through the technical assistance of the USC Department of Theatre and Speech. William J. Moody, of the USC Department of Music, produced and conducted the opera. Donald Gray, also a member of the Department of Music at the University, was artistic director. The scene designer fNancy Myersj, the technical director and lighting designer fEbin Clevelandj, and the costume designer fLyn Car- rolll were all faculty members in the Department of Theatre and Speech at the University. The various crews under these directors were other Magda, anxious to leave the country, answers questions of the consulate secretary and then breaks down below letting papers fly. Darw EDML1 DGMEGM The Magician KH. Cardwellj seeks to amuse the foreign women KN. Shanej as Vera Boronel QD. Ulmerj, Anna Gomez QA. Rosej, Magda Sorel QL. Palmerj, and Mr. Kofner CT. Woodj look on. staff members and theatre students. The cast consisted of both students and faculty in the Department of Music at Carolina, as well as members of the Columbia Lyric Theatre. The production was a success as the cast performed to sell-out crowds each night. DBMEMHI In hiding from the authorities, John Sorel fRichard Conantj has an emotional reunion with his child while his mother stands guard. Around The World In Five Short Dags by catherine watson The flavor and culture of countries ranging from China to Cuba were brought to the Carolina campus in mid-October for International Week, sponsored by the International Stu- dents Club. A colorful display of native cos- tumes opened the week, as students modeled outfits from 12 different countries. A history and description of each costume added greater under- standing of the costume in relation to the country. "Red color means good luck," Maria Wong, emcee, said of the Ori- ental costumes. Models for both China and Korea wore bright red long dresses with a silky sheen. From Honduras, Coqui and Maya Garcia wore long dresses' made from sugar sacks. The simple dresses are worn "to please the gods so that they can have a plentiful harvest." Displaying the traditional Indian costumes were Probal and Keya Roy. The graceful folds of Keya's red dress of pure silk were edged with gold. No pins or tapes held the six-yard piece of material in place, just strategic folding. A red powdered line in the part of Keya's hair signaled that Keya was a married woman. Panama's Serita Rodriguz and Edan Saez wound up the fashion show with a springy dance. Edan wore a j aunty straw hat with a green ribbon, while Sarita's entire head was covered with butterflies and flowers made from gold and silver metal. In recognition of International Women's Year, the second event of the week was International Women's Night. The international struggle for recognition of women's rights was presented in a United Nations docu- mentary film of a political election in Colombia and the role of women as well as the barriers they faced in the election. A lecture on the International Women's Conference in Mexico this past summer by Janet Wedlock, who attended the conference, painted a dismal picture of the accomplish- ments of the programs in Mexico and of women in general. The most radical victory in the World plan drawn up by the confer- Kin cum' Georgialee Hallman, Philip Rohner, and Sally Eaton, entertain a crowd with French and German songs, at the International Banquet. 210 Led by her husband Porbal, Keya Roy models a dress made of pure silk six yards long. The dress is worn without the use of tape or pins. scpcunu ence, Wedlock said, was the right of women to have family planning. Wedlock said this right is what has changed women's lives in the United States so much. Following Wedlock's lecture was a heated discussion between members of the audience and Wedlock about the role of Women and their abilities. "The turnout for women's night was much lower than we expected," Meh- met Ozyagcilar, publicity chairman, said. Ozyagcilar attributed this to a declining membership, saying that when the club used to have 70 active members, the members themselves would bring people to these events. The fact that the United States and Russia alone use 60 per cent of the world's resources was discussed in an open debate with five Government and International Studies professors on the third night of the week. Whether the United States had the responsibility to share with underde- veloped countries was also debated. Last year, the debate was on the CIA. Ozyagcilar said, "Professors were very enthusiastic about it last year, and we had a good turnout. So we decided to do it again." Turnout 'rafts and glfts from countries awalt the browsmg vlsltors to the Russell House Art Gallery The ar of wares stretched through International Week Oct 12 18 thls ye as much poorer Seventeel otlc brands of coffee and tea mcludmg QWISS and Brazll lan were featured for ton cents a cup at the Coffee House mght Entertaln ment mcluded two Panama glrls slng mg German and French songs plus Turklsh folk lnstruments I thmk thls was the best event we had best organlzed and best turnout Ozy agcllar sald About 50 people attended the event An Indlan dlsh chlcken blryanl and a mld Eastern stew Whlch was too spxcy for some were the ma1n courses for the Internatlonal Ban quet complemented by 14 song and dance programs from Indla Costa Rlca Turkey and Panama Throughout the week Was the Internatlonal Bazaar 1n the Russell House art gallery deslgned to P3136 funds for the club The ldea behlnd It fthe bazaarj was orlglnally for the student to brlng authentlc thlngs from thelr country Ozyagcllar Sald But thls doesn t Work because It IS very dlfflcult to manage Thls year lnstead of students supplylng the wares the club bought lmported mer chandlse on conslgnment from a com Pany A lack of manpower affected It fthe weekj badly It created a lot of problems Ozyagcllar said We used to have a commlttee for mternatlonal students 1n the Umverslty UHIOH They knew more about the umverslty and how to admmlster these pro grams When they abollshed thls com mlttee It created a real CFISIS ln the c u A muslcal program each day was presented by WUSC AM featurmg a dlfferent country s folk and tradl tlonal songs every day Countr1es rep resented were Russ1a, France, Pan ama, Talwan and Turkey lr Maya Garcla shows off her Honduran sugar sack dress before the fashion show audlen Sugarsacks are worn to coax a good harvest from the gods 211 1 l l u n , , . . . 9 1 b." " n . y ' , . . - -pq. - Wx, 11 "Wx 1 1 l :fl-' I , QQ, .2 - 51- if 1 5' l gl KIpCuIlar - k A' I, . . . . . . L i p Q N ' - Y Y W L. 1 ' ' reg- K Y .ff V, W . 1, a V . - .- , .' -,:.f- 'a . ' ' A ' -3- F ' l-rf-'A - ' V . hr.. ' . 9 Q ' F- ' ' 1. '- -, 1-1 7 'Y ' - ,A?M,,QV ,grrn i , ,vm , .4 "Q -5.i, ,xl I K ,- . . '- . . - - Kxpcuner 1 ' ' - ' 1. ' ' . . , Q , ce. . Q gg ' v , - . r ' r 0 n it n ' I, ' ' . , - . U . , . . l , H . . ,, . 1 ' ' 7 0 1 ' 0 n , - Q Q 1 a 0 ' ' , - - , , u ' U - H ' 1 . M ' ' gg , . r Over 75 people gathered that eve- ning in the Golden Spur to participate in the final event of Women's Aware- ness Day. Many of the female work- ers who had spent close to seven hours working behind the Russell House with the event held out. They were determined to see the produc- tion. The theme of the performance was "Images of Women" - a title designed to incorporate the real and imaginary images people have of the female sex. The theatrical company put on an impromptu, informal performance for about 70 minutes. Variety was the key to their repertoire. The players did poetry readings from popular feminist poets on subjects ranging from the drudgery of housework to the importance of all people develop- ing their potential to its fullest. Several skits were presented emphasizing the conditioning women experience from babyhood through middle age. One highlight of these was the columnist "Agatha Ample- built." One player, sporting a navy blue lace hat, did a 10-minute take- off on "tips for the fastidious lady." Two performances - a poetry reading and a recitation - were the most poignant pieces presented. The reading portrayed the Jewish view of woman as a sexual temptress. The reader explained that Orthodox Jew- ish women must cut their hair at mar- riage and wear a wig for the rest of their lives. This tradition is important because a woman's hair is considered to be a source of sexual attraction to men. The reader continued, "I Ca Jew- ish womanj am the human sacrifice offered up for his fthe Jewish male'sl salvation." The second piece was a special per- formance by an ex-player of the thea- 212 M 5 Lgwifbout ffmrftff by cecile s. holmes A Greenville Feminist Theater member becomes Sojourner Truth. ter. She recited the speech given by Sojourner Truth, an illiterate black feminist of the 1800's, at a women's rights convention in Akron, Ohio. The speaker quoted Truth's response to a white clergyman at the convention who said women could not be equal because Christ was male. "He CChristJ came from God and woman - no man didn't have nothing to do with it." The feminist theater's performance included several parodies and many liberation songs. One song, bemoan- ing the "custom-made woman blues," evoked strong applause from the audience. The audience's emotional involvement grew with each song with the cause of the feminist play- ers. The walls of The Golden Spur resounded with "We are people, we are marching, we want a revolution now!" as an excited crowd joined in the final chorus of a song with the members of Greenville Feminist The- ater. One member of the audience, Joe Alexander, said, "I think the show had a true outpouring of feminine sis- terhood, evoking a spirited reaction. You really felt like the people on the stage were feeling what they were saying and not just acting." Nancy Stone said, "I really identify with it. I wish a lot more people could've heard it because it's really true and really important for this generation." The Greenville Feminist Theater is nearly three years old. It is an activ- ity of the Greenville chapter of the National Organization of Women CNOWJ. Donna Pierce, president of the chapter said, "I feel like it's one way we can effectively raise the con- sciousness of the community. I think it shows the humorous side and points up the serious side of the women's movement." The feminist theater is involved in the International Women's Year CIWYJ sponsored by the United Nations for 1975. The background of the stage in the Spur bore the symbol of a white dove with the female sym- l l 1 Dans Edens Theater members wind up the evening with an intense chorus. bol of the circle and the cross. This is the symbol used for IWY around the world. ,fx . fi -4 DanuEdens In rain gear a student takes a closer look at women's sport pictures. Three guitarists strum and sing a feminist pro- test song. Gat11,eri11,e"2WaQ9'11,aI1:' CFace life Ilead OIL., A mild, almost timid-looking, mid- dle-aged woman, dressed in a prim suit with a small corsage, stepped up to the lecturn, adjusted her glasses, and began speaking in a strong voice to a crowd which filled nearly half of the Coliseum. This was Catherine Marshall, Well-known author of several inspirational best-sellers, of which "Christy" is perhaps the most famous. Sponsored by the Associated Women Students, her lecture, "Say Yes to Life," centered around the problems of family life. "The way is not to escape from life's problems, but to face them head on. To flee the challenge of problems is to deny life. Say yes to life," Mar- shall said. "The true, deep excitement in life is to face problems and to work them out. The way out is always the way through." by catherine Watson Using illustrations from her own life and her family's, Marshall talked primarily about the importance of family life in human development. One example she related was of find- ing her daughter dragging her clean, white sneakers very deliberately through the dirt. When Marshall asked her why, her daughter replied, "Mom, I wouldn't be caught dead with clean sneakers. It's not in!" A more serious example illustrated her philosophy about life's problems. When her niece started on a cross- country trip with an "escort" who "looked like a gorilla, very burly, his red hair pulled back in a ponytail and a red beard," the family was dis- mayed. The couple was further alien- ated from the family when the young man told Marshall's mother, "I don't like your vibrations." But when the family dropped their negative judge- ments and attitudes toward the cou- ple and accepted them, the couple changed towards the standards of the community. The key, Marshall said, was that, contrary to most people's beliefs, repentance does not precede forgive- ness. People should forgive, should release those they feel are wrong from their own judgement and should place them in God's keeping, not expecting these people to regret or apologize for their behavior first, Marshall said. "The state of human relations today really needs a great deal of thought and thoughtfulness. The 'anything to keep peace' solution doesn't work to solve problems, nor does blowing steam. You should drop negative judgements so that you can see the true issue and work towards a creative solution." 213 Dining in Delhi without Leaving town by kurt gardner "It is good that we get a chance to eat good, spicy Indian food today," Girish Lagnik, president of the Indo- American student club, said. About 200 people came to the annual banquet in April, which was in honor of Ted Ledeen, the advisor for Indo-American students. I asked the Indian man seated next to me if there was any particular name for the dishes being served. "This is rice with chicken," he explained, "and these are mixed veg- etables." His name was Apcar Habib. The food was prepared by Pakistanis and was very spicy. "Actually," said Habib, "this food is mild compared to what we often eat at home. You would not be able to eat our food with all the spices we like to put in." The food at the banquet was excel- lent, but it would be difficult to describe it as mild. The Roseann Dance Academy pro- vided entertainment. Their master of ceremonies was dressed in an Arabian Nights costume, which consisted of a turban and orange pants that came to his knees. It didn't seem to be the appropriate attire for an emcee as the Academy performed many un-Asian dances. They did Hawaiian dances and tap dances, interpretative and ballet dances. The the master of ceremonies com- mented that although his costume may have seemed to be inappropriate for an emcee, it was well suited for the dance he would perform. As the music started, he unsheathed a large knife, leaped toward the audience, brandishing it and began an interpretive dance with one of the Academy girls. They moved to music from "Sinbad the Sailor." Later, Ted Ledeen spoke, mention- ing the close and friendly atmosphere he felt at the banquet. He talked about the purpose of the club, which was to have a close understanding and friendly ties among Indian stu- dents and all other people in the Car- olina community. Dans Edans Emcee Fred Lord breaks into a vigorous sword dance to "Sinbad the Sailor" during the Indo- American students banquet. by catherine watson Q95 .,cnv-4 5 spate BENQ? 14 cr 5' E535 o S, S-'i zz moo :TU gi WOO a Q55 2 E555 o' H 0.922 2 'sei Us 0 5- 0 UI-'51, V139 'U O"e4 5+ FEE'- 5' :Lenses PZ-In imported items on sale. l 1 -4PU NJ P-I I-D sold imported handcrafts and tasty egg rolls that day. Money raised from the bazaar was sent back to Taiwan to help poor students continue their studies. Students studying the Chinese lan- guage and culture visited the cultural Curious USC students stop by the table at the Russell House patio to inspect the Ken! Glover 111 , ' ' 'i exhibit in Russell House Art Gallery. Exhibited were miniature porcelain masks, various paintings, eighth cen- tury costumes of officials, a slide show of life in Taiwan and classical music. Two Chinese movies about family life and the war between Japan and China wound up the celebration of the Republic's birthday. "We'll probably cancel it fChina Dayj next year and have a banquet," Chih Hung Lee, president, said. "We don't have that many Chinese mem- bers to work on it." Although there are about 100 Chinese students on campus, only seven are active mem- bers in the club. SUITE by susan hedgepath A comedy dinner theatre waspre- sented December 10 in the Campus Room at Capstone. The event, spon- sored by the University Players in cooperation with University Dining Services began with a buffet at six o'clock and ended with the presenta- tion of the play "Plaza Suite." The play was directed, produced, and presented by members of the University Players. "Plaza Suite" consists of three acts each concerning the different occupants of suite 719. The first act, directed by Wanda Jewell, brings to the suite visitors from Mamerneck. The couple, Karen and Sam Nash fGaylin English and Paul Wardj, are suffering from mari- tal problems after 30 years of mar- riage and have come to the suite for their anniversary. Unfortunately for Karen, Jean McCormick fEmily McCurdyJ, Sam's secretary and lover shows up with business problems. The bellhop CKelly Crossj and the waiter CDanny Flandersl also add to the comedy of the scene as they come in and out at various times. The second act, directed by Harold Stockton, brings to the suite a visitor from Hollywood. Jessie Kiplinger CJ ack Stehlinl, a Hollywood producer, comes to the city and invites his ex- high school sweetheart up to the suite where he tries to seduce her. Though married and a mother, Murial Tate fSandi Shacklefordj finally submits to the charms of her ex-now Holly- wood producer boyfriend in suite 719. The third act, directed by Charles Arney, Jr., brings to the suite visitors from Forest Hills. Norma and Roy Hubley fDrucilla Brookshire and Earl Willisj have come to the suite because of a wedding - their daughters. But Mimsey fElizabeth Wiggensj gets cold feet worrying if she and Borden Eisler fMark Yorkj will turn out like her parents who fight constantly. She finally decides to go along with the wedding and comes out of the bath- room where she had locked herself in. The scenes were designed by Charles Tunstall while the lighting and technical direction were under the capable hands of Mike Clancy. The production was amusing, not only for the audience, but also for the cast and crew who had a good time putting it on. 215 The Conelaves of CuI+ure APO Besides operating their well-known escort service for women needing to travel the campus at night, Alpha Phi Omega CAPOD, the national service fraternity, was constantly involved in community service projects. Capping off their Rush Week in spring was the first service project of the semes- ter, where members repaired and cleaned up the Headstart building and playground in Hopkins, S.C. During February, APO collected donations for the Heart Fund, and planned a car wash to raise funds to support their overseas foster child. Also in the spring were two outings with children from the Carolina Chil- dren's Home, one to the zoo and the other on a picnic in March. As APO is based on boy scout ide- als, APO members assisted with local boy scout projects, such as the April camperees, in which scout troops from all over the district camped in a huge field and competed in events such as the greased pole and an obsta- by catherine watson cle course. Started this semester, Operation ID saw members marking ID num- bers on valuables anywhere on cam- pus for students, recording the num- bers with the campus police. Social affairs included a wine and cheese valentine party and banquet for the ll pledges, 20 members and 25 together. " FORENQIC is Y w Little Sisters. "APO is for people who are looking for a little bit more than the social fraternity on campus," Pat O'Keefe, president, said. "We have alot of peo- ple doing a lot of things. We enjoy working together and socializing Awww N MMMME soot ., W ewice E 7-lip fx c S-wi Cfdll as A . 382 ' Competing against teams from North Carolina and Florida, the Caro- lina Forensic Association, which is the university's debate team, also helps high school students in their forensic activities, and reads books onto tapes for the blind. Tournaments included the Univer- sity of North Carolina at Wilmington, Appalachian State, the University of Georgia, University of Florida at Gainesville, and Duke University. Carolina Forensic also competed at Emory and at Georgetown, which has one of the biggest tournaments in the nation. Divided into two levels, varsity and novice, Carolina Forensic took honors at the UNC at Wilmington tourna- ment. One varsity member won a tenth place Speaker Award, and on ei- if f 216 the novice level, two teams came in third. In addition to debating at the Brit- ish Union Debates, sponsored by the department of theatre and speech, Carolina Forensic also helped the law 5, 1 fh- v ,sq i 1 I Wifi 'I . -. 'Q ' ,1" If " M, .K , fi! "l'l.,X i if if li: x X x 1 l i I l u i 'Ml 5 l 5,31 . 7 . ' Q . ,. I ..-..,-.b....., .,.....-..,.......-.-....- f -- school with their mock trials. Caro- lina Forensic is open to all students and had 20 members this year. CLARIOQOPHIC Formed in 1806, the Clariosophic Society is a literary society which pro- vides an open forum for debate. Meetings feature debates, papers or speakers, and are open to the entire Carolina community. Potential members are required to attend three consecutive meetings, and present a five-minute speech or paper. Members then vote on appli- cants. Women have only been admit- ted to the society for about the last four years. Active members now number 15, although membership is for life. In association with the Clariosophic Foundation, the Clariosophic Society owns several paintings in the Colum- bia Museum of Art. EUPHRADIAN The Euphradian Society which was formed along with the Clariosophic Society in 1806 became defunct this year. Student apathy in the past had caused problems for the society but it became too much for the society this year. The society possesses many histori- cal items including the chair Thomas Jefferson sat in when he signed the Declaration of Independence. A , ' gfsefws 1 T' , I i 1 ,1 X llllllIIlllllllllllllllllllllllllll' BEAUX ARTS Under the guise of studying and exchanging ideas about the fine arts and striving towards the cultural development of its members, Beaux Arts is a unique social organization. Actually instead of being dedicated totally to the higher arts, as it may sound, Beaux Arts' informal gather- ings provide a place where members can exchange ideas from their varied backgrounds, ranging from law to business administration to sorority members. At the two formal banquets each year and the informal gatherings throughout the year, men and women are paired so that they are never with the same person twice. "This is to insure that each member will benefit intellectually and culturally from the diversity of the organization's mem- bership," William Hubbard, presi- dent, said. Potential members must be nomi- nated by other members, so that the membership blend of different and yet compatible backgrounds contin- ues. Beaux Arts is one of the oldest organizations on campus, dating back to the 1930's. AFRO-AMERICAN The Association of Afro-American Students participates in service pro- jects within the community as well as presenting programs and discussions. 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Y I a 5 I I 0 I - . - ezg,:E!igge..3 'f-,i'.ef.S. ef' 'S -' 'E - Ei- Til ' Qu? QPR 'T 1 It lv . 'E - .Q ,--, ' , '. -', it fill! " 1.1. . IP 21,736 CAROLINA STUDE TS ERE OT NAMED TO ' HO'S WHO' THIS YEAR, THE WHO WAS. By Bob Baker 218 People who cared were elected to Who's Who. They cared about you and me enough to plan and carry out our extracurricular activities, reform our academic and administrative poli- cies, open our dorms, balance our budgets, and even print our publica- tions. They're the ones who stay busy late at night while their friends are out at Slaggers' or Dons'. They're the ones the rest of the student body can- not understand how they have the time to combine the extracurricular with the academic. Yet, they do it. Fifty University of South Carolina students were elected by a committee of students and faculty members this fall to "Who's Who in American Col- leges and Universities." According to Vice President for Student Affairs, Dr. James Campbell, the students were chosen based on scholarship, leadership, citizenship, service to the University and the stu- dent's promise of future usefulness to the nation. The following USC students were selected for the 1975-76 school year: Laylon Adams, Ware Shoals John Artz, Columbia Robert Baker, Summerville Irma Best, Aynor Ellen Biles, Columbia Susan Burnett, Elloree Craig Dawson, Columbia Frank DeLoache, Saluda Paul Dominick, Orangeburg Milton Earle Jr., Fort Mill Mary Easler, Spartanburg Carolyn Farr, Warminster, PA Richard Funk, Collegeville, PA Rosann Garber, Columbia Lisa Gardner, Hanahan Weaver Grayson, West Columbia Benjamin Griffin, Belton John Hammerer, Wilmington, DE Robert Hardee, Cheney, WA Cynthia Harrison, Florence Francenia Heizer, Columbia Sal Henley, Summerville Steve Hill, West Columbia Lawrence Johnson Jr., Columbia Karen Kaminer, West Columbia Christine Kelson, Greenville John Kilpatrick, Orangeburg Christine Lafferty, Columbia Trey Lott, Camden Tony Lowman, York Mari Maseng, Columbia Alan McGill, Columbia Allen Medlin, Charleston John Middleton, Hopkins Thom Moody, Columbia Karen Moore, Greenville Karen Newton, Columbia Maisy N im-oi, Shawnee, OK Margaret Norwood, Upper St. Clair, PA James Owen Jr., Clover Jonathan Pearson, Columbia Sherri Ratley, Florence Stanley Rayford, Whitmire James Ross, Columbia Jane Smith, Sumter Thornwell Sowell, Chesterfield Melziner Stover, Camden Steve Swanger, Columbia Daniel White, Chester David Wood, Columbia Outstanding Seniors Considered to be more coveted than the Who's Who award, Outstanding Senior is an award established by the Student Government Association to recognize outstanding qualities in its selection. They are as follows: flj unselfish service to fellow students, C25 outstanding leadershipg C31 recog- nized scholastic achievementg Q45 highest sense of honor, loyalty, and devotion to alma mater, C55 must have completed or be completing the requirements for graduationg C65 two T1 year's residence as a student at USCQ C75 well-rounded achievement and personality. The number of Outstanding Sen- iors named in any one year must not exceed three percent of the total number of students who graduated during the preceding calendar year. This year, the number of awards was 28. Students selected as Outstanding Seniors for 1975-76 are: Susan Alford, Florence Robert Baker, Summerville Craig Dawson, Columbia Terry DeBruhl, Columbia Paul Dominick, Orangeburg William Grant, Beltsville, MD Cindy Harrison, Florence Jean Hart, Charlotte, NC Francenia Heizer, Columbia Steve Hill, West Columbia Mike Honeycutt, Columbia Russell J effcoat, Columbia Larry Johnson, Columbia Tony Lowman, York Trey Lott, Camden Mari Maseng, Columbia Allen Medlin, Charleston John Middleton, Hopkins Karen Moore, Greenville Karen Newton, Columbia Mike Pencelli, Columbia William Pratt, Spartanburg Sherri Ratley, Florence Melziner Stover, Camden Steve Swanger, Columbia Kathy Watson, Columbia Sammy Wauford, Nashville, TN Sandra Welch, Columbus, OH I Class of' OF COLUMBIA '76 219 Christmas in the Coliseum: All I+ Needed Was A Ribbon The spotlight opened on USC band members play- ing a melodious blend of traditional Christmas songs with the flag girls streaming in on both sides Waving brilliant red and green flags. The Coquettes entered in Santa Claus outfits contributing Well choreo- graphed efforts to the big gala event. It was December 9, 1975 and the third annual Christmas Music Festival, USC's Christmas gift to the City of Columbia. A more professional and excit- ing program could never be asked for. The perform- ers, young and old, all had one characteristic in com- mon: professional talent. They played, sang, acted and danced as though the place was Broadway and the time was an opening night premiere. Treated to "T'Was the Night Before Christmas," the audience was delighted with the orchestra's per- formance under the direction of Samuel Douglas. Joe Pinner, the emcee, narrated the age-old poem While a slide presentation projected the storybook images of the characters. Three chorale groups, Carolina Alive, Radiant Vibrations, and the University Chorus presented "J in- The University Chorus, which had 80 members this year, was open to anyone interested in singing with a group. Many members are non-music majors. The cho- rus performed in concert with Carolina Alive and Radiant Vibrations at Drayton Hall during the fall semester, in addition to church and school perform- ances. The mixed pop ensemble, Carolina Alive, and the girls' pop ensemble, Radiant Vibrations, both select members by audition. Carolina Alive, with 60 mem- bers, and Radiant Vibrations, with 15 singers and three dancers, gave several performances in Myrtle Beach, including one for the State School Board Con- vention and at the United Way Victory Celebration this year. USC's Concert Choir, amidst performances across the state, and in Georgia and North Carolina pre- sented a concert with the Columbia Philharmonic Orchestra at Township Auditorium and a special Bicentennial program for civic organizations. The Concert Choir, which has 72 members selected gle Bells" and "Sleigh Ride" with entertaining, intri- cate choreography. Kicking up the revolution: Knickered members of the greater Columbia High School choruses can-can and carouse in "Betsy Ross and the Red, White, and Blue," a musical written by John Jeffrey Davis of the USC Center for Media Arts. tln'ough audltlons was dlrected by Arpad Darazs Calypso Chrxstmas muslc was mcorporated mto the program by mezzo soprano Brenda Pressley and the UIl1V6I'S1ty Chorus dlrectd by Rlchard Conant Marys L1ttle Boy Chlle was enchantmg It l t ltself to the worldwlde mterpretatlon of Chrlstmas mus1c Perhaps the most 1ntr1gu1ng and professlonally executed segment was the muslcal presentatlon of Betsy Ross and The Red Whlte and Blue by the efforts of Greater Columbla School students and the USC orchestra John Jeffrey Davxs of the Umverslty s Center for Medla Arts wrote the muslcal score and lyrxcs for the Blcentennlal Salute to Amerlca The audlence could easlly envlsxon the blrth of the thlrteen starred flag the personal 11fe of Betsy Ross and the enthuslasm of the lnfant country s Congress as actors 1n colomal cos fumes traced the story A sl1de presentatlon whlch P performed was an mterestlng touch ln that one felt closer to the performers and felt as though one had watched the development of each character over an 1ndef1n1te length of tlme An emot1onal rendltlon of Sllent Nlght was pre sented by the USC Concert Cho1r The hghts 1n the Cohseum were lowered almost totally and as one lead slnger sang the cholr glowed w1th each member claspmg a candle The Grand Fmale came when the audlence sang Mezzo Soprano Brenda Pressley smgs Mary s Llttle Boy Chile wxth full bod1ed support from the chorus Joy To The World accompanled by the USC orches ra Then streams of the performers appeared each clutchmg SIX hellum fllled colored balloons and paraded up the stalrs and out onto the concourse The balloons were gwen away to the departmg mesmer lZ6d chlldren and adults Carolma Allve the Unlverslty s pop group backed by the chorus and the Columbla Ph1lharmon1c swmgs across the floor at the Cohseum during the Chrlstmas program Rlchard Conant IS the director , . H 7 H ' H ' H ' 2 ' a n n , ' v . , . . showed the audience close-u s of each actor as they , U , , K?'CU"jj . . . - u n - s 1 r . at n n ,, - t 1 . ' . . 1, s e Q , n I D , 0 - , , . 1 1 u , - I ' KipCuIllV amicus Gonyfeyafzbns Religious groups ranging from Presbyterian to Latter Day Saints provided fellowship through a num- ber of study groups and social activi- ties close to campus. Basic programs sponsored by the Presbyterian Westminster Fellow- D0uaLcgan A group of Baptist students get together in front of the T.V. set for their usual viewing of the evening news. ship are two worship services on Sun- day and a supper on Wednesday night which was free the first visit and 75 cents thereafter. Approximately 60 people attended the Wednesday sup- per meetings. For the spring semes- ter the organization planned a ski trip in February and a student retreat. Combining the Episcopal, At the Wesley Center, new members introduce themselves to other group members. 222 by sherry bryant Lutheran, and Methodist ministries on campus is the Wesley Foundation, located at a new E.L.M. Center on Pickens Street. In addition to group experiences, and community service projects, the Wesley Foundation also provided dinners, retreats, tours and in-depth study opportunities. "We share facilities, programs, and projects," said Rev. G. F. Duffie. "We have learned that by being together our differences, rather than dividing us, give us a deeper understanding of our common Christian heritage." Out of the 35 Mormon students on campus, 20 are active in the Latter Day Saints organization. The major project of this organization is SHARE. SHARE is an educational assistance program for needy people throughout the world. The Latter Day Saints raised money to help ', A ' .. H M - 1 .. L . ww - ii W ii 1, , . - V ' ., - ,, , - ' ' -.., - . ,i H l A , A . - . ' ' 4 i . Q. Kap The Presbyterian Center on Green Street is open for students to study, watch TV, rap or relax. those people who would otherwise not have the opportunity to receive an education. Social events included a pizza party at the beginning of the fall semester and a combination ice cream-making and bowling party to welcome new .-f"'w l l-- several lectures throughout the year. The campus organization also sent several members to the Southeastern Regional Youth Meeting in Gaines- ville, Florida. It also distributed free literature and copies of The Christian Science Monitor at spring registra- -4 . Do A group of Baptist students get together to practice singing popular songs. W W members in the spring. Weekly meetings compared Chris- tian religions and discussed the gos- pel. In addition to its three monthly meetings at which testimonies by members were given, the Christian Science organization sponsored tion. Members of the Baptist Student Union were involved in several social service projects, in addition to ves- pers and supper meetings during the week. Students tutored elementary school children through the week, and Worked with underprivileged children Dang Logan as More Chapel on Green Street offers a place for Catholic students to gather. at Wheeler Hill. Visits with residents. of Capital Convalescence Home twice monthly and with women at Willow Lawn, a rehabilitation center in Columbia, also kept members busy. The Baptist Student Union's drama and musical groups performed at various churches in the area, and the Union sponsored several weekend retreats throughout the year. Included in the Hillel Foundation's The Navigators hold their regular weekly meeting. - heavy lecture schedule were Dr. Nathan Perilman, a rabbi formerly at Temple Emanu-El in New York City for 43 years, and in the spring, the second Woman to be ordained as a rabbi. Also, Marvin Relkin, a representa- tive of American Friends of Hebrew University spoke about Israel and the Hebrew University. All lectures and events were attended by from 40 to 60 people. Social get-togethers included a Deli night, a "Beer and Bull or Cokes and Chatter" night in the Golden Spur, a film festival of Jewish interest, and a basketball team. In November, 70 students attended the State of South Carolina Chanu- kah Menorah Lighting at which Gov. James Edwards lit the first candle. 223 DIMALOQSH Attractive bulletin board at Presbyterian cen- ter informs participants of upcoming activities. The Navigators are a group of stu- dents "intent on knowing Jesus Christ and making him known," said Glen Rice. "The emphasis is on grow- ing and committed discipleship." Approximately 60 students were involved in the 12 weekly Bible study programs held in the dorms this year. These studies fell into three categor- ies: investigating the claims of Christg discipleshipg and advanced discipleship. In addition to the Bible study pro- grams, there was the regular "Thurs- day Night Thing" where members X X X tx WV E y , ..-...,...., -1 r --'rffll ,Y-, V,,-Y I Discipleship Group holds meetings in Humanities classroom build- D mmm ing. got together for fun and fellowship. two conferences, and a summer disci- Saturday seminars followed by pleship training program were some sports, a Christmas party, a ski trip, of the Navigators' special activities. ,ff nwgmgan Wednesday evening supper at the Presbyterian Center offers good food, good fun and good fellowship to those who wish to join in the group. 224 IKTE AEJSDEANQIIE IIEIQ 'np 'mfr ram-rn: if 7 nrrghnhg C5215 411111 the .Ari by brenda easterl1ng Every sprmg an attempt IS made to revlve the fervent sp1r1t of the Ren a1ssance 1n the arts 1n food and ln sp1r1t Thrs rev1val of the Renaxssance at USC lasted for 10 days durmg the Thlrd Annual Renalssance Festlval ln Aprxl Two Renalssance banquets held 1n the true tradltlon and style of the erlod klcked the celebratlon off T e Renalssance banquets held 1n Capstone s Campus Room were qulte an experlence Half of the 130 guests were students Honored guests were Un1vers1ty Provost Kelth Davls the flrst nlght and Gov James B Edwards the followm g mght As I entered the Great Hall at Cap stone House I felt I was entering a tlme reopened from the past Llke other guests I was escorted to my table by a member of the Commecha Dell Arte Troupe whlch was a trlbe of wanderlng mlnstrels who were hlred espec1ally for our entertaxn ment The mmstrels were already domg lmprovlsatlons to entertain early arrlvals When most of the guests were seated dellcate bou uets of dr1ed flowers were gwen to t e ladles as wme glasses were fllled at each place Glancmg about the room, I Spled the Duke of the Castle Gov Edwards and h1s wlfe Over the governor s head was a wall mural shaped hke a tooth wlth dentlst s tools 1ns1de It Then I remembered Gov Edwards was also Dr Edwards the dentlstl Attentlon suddenly focused on the dressed 1n full Renalssance costume as he welcomed the guests and assured us we would be royally enter tamed Although guests were 1nv1ted to dress accordmg to the tlmes most of us wore our regular evenlng apparel As cymbals sounded the flrst of a four course meal was brought ln Each tlme a course was served the USC Colleg1um Muslcum announced lts arrlval w1th muslc Twlce they were accompanled b Renals ance dancers The great east 1nc uded such treats as cold brewlt f1Sh almon dlne spmach soup drunken boar and Yorkshlre puddlng Each dellcacy tasted purely d1v1ne Entertalnment was provlded between courses An mterlude from Los Empenos de una Casa, wrltten by one of Mexlco s most famous l1ter ary flgures, Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz was presented by the fore1gn lan guage departments The mterlude was about two frlends who became so bored at a play that they 1nterrupt the performance and cont1nue the commotlon when Acevedo refuses to promxse not to compose any more plays A spec1al non Renalssance play was presented by the Commed1a Dell Arte Troupe espec1ally for Gov Edwards enjoyment It was about a man who was told he must have all of h1s teeth pulled because he had baaahd breath' In addltlon to thelr lmprovlsatlons at the banquets the Commedla Dell Arte Troupe appeared at various locatlons on campus throughout the festlval Sponsor1ng the festlval were the departments of art Engl1sh for elgn languages muslc rellglon and theatre and speech The Unlverslty Players also helped Wlth f6St1V1t19S The banquets however were Just the beglnnmg of a full schedule of actlvltles open to the pubhc Lord Clark s Renalssance and fllms from the Clvlllzatlon SGPIGS were shown 1n the Nurslng Bulldmg Audltorlum and a spec1al mult1 medla productlon of Renalssance mus1c and art was held 1D Fraser Hall Throughout the festlval partlcular trlbute was pald to the gemus of Mlchelangelo Professor Carol Car Love s Labors Lost and 1ts Renals sance A sympos1um on Mlchelan gelo and h1S tlmes was held 1n Sloan College and the lay Love s Labor s Lost was per ormed ln Drayton Hall Theatre The phllosophy colloqulum spon sored a lecture by Professor Herbert Matsen on Alessandro Achellml and Ockamlsm at Bologna Graduate students ln art hlstory presented papers on Mlchelangelo, the Man and Hls Art at Sloan Col lege The USC art department also sponsored a Renalssance art exh1b1t In Capstone s Campus Room Sarah Olxphant and Robln Robmson of the Comedla Dell Arte Troupe lmprovmse for the banquet guests and The Story of a Faded Image was on dlsplay ln the humanltles classroom bulldlng Volumes of rare books from the 15th and 16th centurles were dls played ln the rare book room at McK1ss1ck Memorlal Llbrary THE THIRD ANNUAL RENAISSANCE BANQUEI' GREAT HALL CAPSTONE HOUSF BARNWFLL ON CAMPUS UNIVERSITY Ol' SOUTH CAROLINA PROGRAMME AND MLNU WEUIOME BY THE MASTER OF REVELS h I- RENAISSANCE MUSIC SCENARIO b flu? hSp Ba I SAINEFE SEGUNDO RENAISSANCE MUSIC b 'I'hnlC Y ksh Fudd g SCENARIO RENAISSANCE MUSIC AND DANCE f dCh nd? I Ball W RJW 225 . - - an 77 ! I 7 I ' 1 ' I . ' K K . 7 7 ' e u c l I u I , I '- . ' 7 . . . , E , . y - I 7 . . . . . , . . I . . , . , . . I I I 7 9 . I l . sms sums . , . , . . : . 7. , , I I ' I , I l ' 7 7 ' ' - . . I ' . li 77 1 u . . , . . , - l A s u . . . . , , . U . . . I . . i I I . . . . , 7 ' 7 7 ' I H . . . . ,, . v , l . . . . . . - 5 . . , v n n . A , . . , . . . , q . . , U . . . M I f ' - Flzmrislxes and lhe bringing in of I e 7151 Course aster o Revels Harr Cardwell - - - 0 .em FMA: mr . . Y f llsle gave a publlc lecture entltled sffjQ,,m,,, C,,,4,,,,'Q,'j,,"" 7 I 6 7 ' ' - n - - ' ' ' H , , Huunkhex and Ihr ringing in 0 I L' . econd Came ' - - , Slfnac ou Iles of Ialie 7 7 7 ' Stories ' 7 , - Flourishux and lhe ringng in oflhe i bulse " . it ' - Dmnkcn Boar or be in ' Green Peas , ' 7 7 . I I ' ' ' Fl zurixhc: xi Ihr bringing in 0 Ihr: I'bunh Cmase ' I 7 ty . f F F ' an cases Crhmbnllcllex n al ie: . - - . Whcnlrn rc hir Wm- , " ' ' ' 1: inc Uder 1 An Offbeat, Scitiriccal Trifle by tim hedgecoth Because of Tom Stoppard's over- whelming success with his "Rosen- crantz and Guildenstern are Dead," inevitably his lateriplays were the subject of overindulgent critics' superlatives. i Although "The Real Inspector Hound" is an innocent, playful piece, it has not escaped thelsuperlatives, like these from the backnotes of the Grove Press Script: "The double- image technique of this play-within- a-play makes it theatre with a com- plexity of feeling and level of achievement that is as exciting as it is DJHQEGGHS Lady Muldoon CRos Huffmanj sniffs at Hound's Scotland Yard questioning. -if I -4 . 1 ,rr i l l ' in I Dann Edens Moon fJohn Marionj examines Birdboot's corpse KJ em Gravesj as the cast ernotes. rare." Maybe yes, maybe no - but at any rate those plaudits would be of little concern to a university theatre-goer. A provincial theater like USC's, with a limited budget and casts made up mostly of amateurs and semi-pro- fessionals, must aim towards more simple entertainment. Happily, this production bucks any attempt at profound statements and heads toward slapstick and satirical melodrama. But it never quite gets there. Director Bethea's opening, the entrance of the Audience from the Back of the Drayton house, is an attention-getter, but it focuses atten- tion on something totally unrelated to the story line and then prolongs the diversion by including a poorly recorded version of "God Save the 226 Queen." This delay in setting a quick, exciting pace is eventually overcome when the protagonists Moon and Birdboot enter. Among the performances, particu- larly notable was Jem Graves, whose Birdboot was an engagingly manic Cockney drama critic, the perfect foil for friend Moon from another news- paper. John Marion plays Moon with a tad too much slow musing and a touch too little flaming desire. But Marion and Graves together, in their best moments, successfully convey the pretentiousness which Stoppard pours into the lines of his two critics. Of the players-within-the-play, Susan-Lynn J dhn's Mrs. Drudge just shined. The house servant you've probably seen in hundreds of old Eng- lish murder mysteries, Mrs. Drudge Inspector Hound CCarl Bergrenl steps intadmtlird case - and onto a carcass. has mouthfuls of cliches to deliver. Her first words, spoken into a phone receiver, are "Hello, the drawing- room of Lady Muldoon's country resi- dence one morning in early spring?" Nearly everyone else in the cast was equal to his task. Robert Scott played the Mysterious Stranger, Simon Gascoyne, with perfect fur- tiveness. Pat Clagett's Felicity Cunningham, the tennis-playing ingenue, teased both Simon and Birdboot with more backbone that I think Stoppard had wanted. Stan Whittle and Ros Huffman pulled through as Colonel Magnus Muldoon and his half-brother's wife Cynthia, each with flaws and fine moments. Even Bergren had the right poses, although not the overly suspicious actions of the fake Inspector Hound. All in all, USC's production of "Inspector Hound" negotiated the delightful twists of plot well enough to have made the evening short and sweet. ,,,,,,,,,,,, if At the dressmg room table Jack Stehlen Lonme Wehunt: and Alex Damels out front by tlm hedgecoth Love s Labors Lost dlrected by James Patterson was the theatre department s contrrbutron to the sprung Renaissance Festnval The play was staged rn Drayton Hall Aprll 23 26 Here s how It happened Tryouts a workshop lrke affair rn the Booker T Washington audltonum were attended by some 20 odd people mostly men Nearly everyone was sight readlng and by the end of the night most of us had done three characters each Csome perhaps reading the same charac ter twrcej Patterson wound up the evenlng by taking down physical stats like height and welght and announc mg that the castrng lrst would be posted on one of Dray ton s showcases and on the Booker T call board the next morning First rehearsal would come March 23 the Sun day after sprung break Amrd the unpacklng and resettlement rituals that follow any holiday, seven o'clock Sunday nlght arrived l was 30 "Nu- M2 go through the vanous stages of make up before darmg the hot hghts uncertaln of the rehearsal time and walked rn late The cast was lounging out front of Drayton looking over the rehearsal schedules whsle Patterson explarned them He had worked up the tlmetable and staggered the scene rehearsals accordlng to the schedule conflicts of the actors Involved If I ve got you down for more than flve nights a week Patterson said tell me about lt Then he lnterjected something to Jack Stehlln and me we were swltchung roles Patterson had realized over break that Dumalne requlred someone who was beardless and .Jack had had a coarse black beard from two weeks before tryouts lt was the flrst ln a number of often confusrng bowlng outs and stepplng uns The next two happened more or less simultaneously Elizabeth Weber was playlng the Princess of France and prepanng tor her masters comp ln Englrsh at the same tlme Around the second week of rehearsals, she told Pat terson that she would have to leave the company If she were to flnlsh her composition 227 , j T - ft My U r r . : . 1 5 ' J -. , .' ft :J 'W' ' ' f 5 1 z? 4 , La X T - tupcunnr 1 1 ' . I . ll Y ! 11 ' ' ' 1 1 ' , . . . . ' 1 ' . ' ll I , ' . . . . . . . . ,, . ,, . ,, l "' . , , . I . - 7 . . ' . Y , 1 I . n . -. h 1 . . . - - . , . . I , " Then Peter Reilly, our Don Armado Che used to ask questions about blocking without losing a trill of his Span- ish accentj, found out that the farmer for whom he worked was counting on his help during the coming weeks to train and perhaps transport horses. A second gap. Soon thereafter came a third. For some reason that was never completely explained, Jim Propes had to drop the Boyet role. He was directing "No Exit" and also working towards his master's. The cast went on rehearsing for days without a Princess and for at least a week without a Boyet or an Armado. The situation produced a few instances in which Patterson would be reading and standing in for not only Armado and Boyet but for Costard, Berowne and Dull - sometimes all in the same night, "We'll go on with a one-man show of Patterson doing 'Love's l.abor's,' " he remarked once. Tardiness and absenteeism began to gratelon Patterson's nerves. Making rehearsals became a problem, especially for Paul Ward, who had just pledged a fraternity. When Paul called Patterson one day to tell him he couldn't show up again that night, Patterson insisted that he be there at least for the first fifteen min- utes. Paul was being sum- moned before a frat tribunal to explain why he was unable to carry out initiation. He had to show up that night or lose both membership and his dues. Before the company, Patterson gave him a dress- ing-down. "l've admired your fairness to everybody else l have to say that, if we weren't too far into rehearsals, l'd replace you in a minute." Paul had already confided that he was letting his job at a shoe store slip to stay in the play. Through his sister Linda, Patterson met Judy Jones, a graduate of Columbia College now working for the South Carolina Council on Colleges. Patterson called her at work one day to ask her to read for the Princess, she con- sented and got the part. She was a ballet dancer and wore pink dancing slippers to every rehearsal. Now for Armado. Patterson decided to offer the role to Wally Rodriguez, who played Phil Romano in Workshop Theater's "That Championship Season." Wally is a solid man and .he brought to Armado's role a conceit much more boisterous than Peter's and a far greater physical presence. Wally was taking on Armado at exactly the time that Scott Moore, who played Armado's page Moth, returned from Florida. "Scott comes to us letter-perfect," Patterson repeated often for the benefit of the adults who hadn't quite gotten their lines down. Finally, Boyet. A couple of weeks before opening night, Leon Karahalis showed up at rehearsal in the role. He was a graduate in broadcasting who was back in school majoring in French. beloved wench. 228 work SO far," he Said, "'but ll'l As Costard fDavid Williamsj glares from behind, Don Armado fWal1y Rodriguezj versifies for Jacquenetta fJan Pryorj, his "Can you do a back flip?" Patterson asked Paul one early rehearsal, while blocking the first scene. "l can try," said Paul, and he jumped off the stage to demonstrate his repertoire of acrobatics, which included back rolls, cartwheels and not quite a back flip but some- thing like it. Jack executed some beautiful flips and tum- bling tricks. "l was to be part of a circus act when I was a kid," he explained. That pleased Patterson to no end, he had been a circus buff since childhood. Earlier that night Peter Holland had been passing time doing handsprings to flex his spinal column, and he did a few more now. The acrobatic business cropped up again with the Mus- covite entrance, and that's where Jack's circus back- ground turned into gold. He had been in a family juggling act when he was small Cit used to travel in the Ringling Brothers company, but Jack had never been on the roadj, and his grandfather had taught him several basic tricks. Peter and Paul both knew how to juggle fairly well already. A traveling circus act from Moscow seemed to be the perfect ruse developed by the four lords, besides, the whole scene was a contrived comedy in which the ladies would make a mockery of their lords' disguises. "Yeah," said Bob Cherny, the stage manager, through the mike on his earphones. "What we need is a big hook, a vaudeville hook." He was talking to the lighting control room about the scene in which the four lords read their Sonnets. He had a seat offs- tage from which to check the lights and give sound cues. He was joking a lot of the time through the mike. The guy in the control room brought up one particular light and Bob said, "No, I don't think l'd trust that one." It was first tech rehearsal night, when the lights were being fixed and we were using most of our props for the first time. The night before, Patterson had been pleased with our Act ll - "performance level, we're ready to open with that" - but critiqued our Act I in embarrassing terms. Not much Errol Flynn in the lords' scenes, overall sluggishness throughout. But first tech rehearsal was no time to work on perform- ances. Patterson wouldn't be looking at how we came off, he said. He would be busy coordinating lights and the tape of the score with Jack Shirk and the crew. Cindy Taylor, who had been prompting earlier rehears- als, had her hands full with props and notes on props. She set up the prop tables, labeled some of the pieces and took account of what we needed. The only major hangup, noted by Bob Cherny, was with the archery in Act IV, scene i. Pat Clagett and Judy both had to fire arrows into the right wind during that scene. Cast members kept moving back and forth in the line of fire. A velvet drape had been hung over a rail to absorb the shots, but it was possible that an arrow might veer oft Klp Cullsf The Prmcess of France and her entourage fJudy Jones Arue Norms Patrncla Clagett and Ros Huffmanj dote over then' attendant Boyet fLeon Karahahsj who must announce then' arrnval to the Klng of Navarre or someone mnght accndentally step nn the way Otherwnse sand Patterson we re far ahead He felt that we had accomplnshed so much that we mnght get out early the follownng Saturday mornnng say around noon Durnng Saturday s rehearsal the lnghtnng ran relatnvely smoothly although the tapes cued up early sometnmes The curtann call was blocked qunckly and executed pretty well ln terms of performance a lnttle more volume here for some of us and well a few actors had taken one gnant step backwards to the ponnt they were at a week before But nt would probably all work out Sunday nnght when the costumes would be here The costumes Patterson really thought they would make the show The play s strength he belneved lay nn nts artnfncnalnty the hngh soundnng word play the puns and trnple entendres the superfncnal cnrcles and graceful move ments we were to execute whnch he called baroque And the fnlngreed trnm the wnde 18th century sknrts the overall elegance of the costumes would fnll out the atmosphere Patterson wanted to create He was countnng on them to hnt the audnence to make them ooh and aah at the actors entrances and then the language would carry them through the scene Language he sand was one of the qualltnes he was worknng for nn Love s Labor s And characternzatnon wasnt These arent so much people as they are characters delnvernng Innes he sand He belneved that whatever depth they dnsplayed would come out of the Innes rather than out of gestures and motn vatnons Peter had percenved that long before Patterson explanned nt to us One nnght after an early practnce when the four lords were talknng nn the Campus Club Peter sand somethnng Inke Ive come to the conclusnon that we arent playnng real men Everythnng l use as tools the Stannslavskn and everythnng nt s not necessary here You just play yourself havnng a good tnme The costumes made nt easner nn some ways to do just that Somethnng about havnng them on gave the produc tnon a sense of realnty and the entnre cast could feel nt nntu ntnvely at fnrst dress rehearsal Perhaps to dnfferent degrees though Paul s and Jack s pants were so tnght they couldn t button them They went through rehearsal nn jeans One partncular complncatnon wnth the costumes became evndent at second dress the shoes The lords bootlnke leggnngs were substntuted wnth bedroom slnppers bought at a Thom McAn store They were chosen to match the costumes but somehow the snzes got screwed up I wound up wearnng green slnppers wnth my gold costumes whnch were a lnttle too bng for lvlnke Spnnks the forester who had taken them from Jack Stehlnn because Jack s feet were too wnde for them Wally sand he would rather have worn ballet shoes than the slnppers at least you can move nn them and they can be pannted Fnnally the nnght of the opennng The dressnng rooms below stage were brnmmnng wnth tensnon Only Dave Wnl lnams was snttnng at the table maknng hnmself up as Cos tard Everyone else mnngled at the left exnt maknng small talk and snppnng shakes from the College Street Burger Knng lt was 7 15 tnme for the call and whnle most of the company had arrnved few of them were ready to go below and prepare I had the feelnng you get before dnvnng nnto cold water Bob Cherny came down the steps to check the black board Not everyone had sngned nn yet and he went off to ask about the absentees Around the dressnng room doors were pnled bouquet after bouquet of roses wrapped nn green tnssue wnth cards attached Good luck Break a leg One brown paper bag contanned bunches of tnny carrots for Alex Dannels rabbnt who dnd a walk on as one ofthe Prnncess pets By 7 30 the rooms were crammed Half the players were pullnng nnto thenr pants dresses and shoes whnle the other half were reachnng over each other at the tables looknng for rouge or Tan 2 or pancake The women had arrnved wnth part of thenr makeup already on and thenr hanr up nn curlers but they spent as much tnme before the mnr rors as the men dnd ln the men s dressnng room Lynn Car roll who was ready wnth pnns and anythnng else needed for last mnnutes repanrs hovered around Leon helpnng hnm apply old age makeup whnle he burst nnto Greek folk songs Both rooms were abuzz Patterson descended the steps wnth hns hands nn hns pockets He was wearnng a cream sunt wnth a yellow rose bud nn hns lapel He grnnned broadly at the gonngs on and handed out half sheets of paper wnth typed crntnques of last nnght s dress rehearsal The wheels were stnll worknng He contnnued that practnce through performance nnghts but hns comments seemed to mellow When he appeared one nnght backstage after Act I scene n the four lords began to complann and apolognze for a horrnble fnrst scene He shook hns head sand he found nothnng wrong thought nt was one of the best versnons we d done For the fnrst entrance the four lords had to be nn the wlngs fnve mnnutes before cue Bob announced the pass nng of every fnve seconds At 2 25 nnto the countdown Peter sngnaled the rest of us to pnle up our hands our good luck rntual In unnson we sand One for all and all for one At 2 50 Bob s hand went up Paul rnveted hns eyes on nt hns feet movnng nmpatnently At 2 55 nt fell and Paul was up the ramp onto the stage Jack and I followed The great blast of lnght and heat hnt us The show was on 229 , . . , . A' L U Y I . . . . , . .. 1 n ' 1 J I V ,, 1-1 t . . . . . , 'N 1 l 1 1 , I l I - 1 1 l I . 1 . 1 I ll - gi' In n ' all I P . . ,, 1 I a A - I 1 L n Knpcunner . . , 7 . . , . . '. ' , j ' ' , ' 1 . . n - ' nn 1 11 1 1 ' ' I , I . . 1' 1 ' ' Y lsh." - . , . . . - - 1 . - - rr 11 nn , . 1 ' ' . . 11 - ' I . , . . ' I . - 1 1 1 ' , 1 . 1 - 1 H . . . . ,, . . 1 - - - - 1 ' n 1 . . . . - - 1 - - y . , . 1 .. . I . - . 1 - , ' I . 1 ' '- - 1 I 1 ' - ' ' ' 1 rl 1 1 11 - ' ' ' ' ' 1 1: 1 ' Y ' ' . . . ,,' . - - - n ' 1 ' 1 1 . . I . . , I , , . . - . , . . H, .9 - . 1 , , , . . . . . .. ., 1 - - I . - , . . . , . . . ,, n . ' n . . . . . . In - - I 11 , 1 . . , ' 1 . : , , . , . . , . I . , I . . And in a dazzling rush it was off again. The four nights of performance passed with little variety, except perhaps in the size of the crowds and the missed cues onstage. Wednesday and Friday had nearly capacity housesg Sat- urday, about half the seats were taken. Apart from buttons popping, pant seams splitting, capes falling off or being stepped on, the play ran its course. Leon proclaimed, "Here comes Boyet!" at the King's entrance one night, then stopped in mid-step and shook his headg that couIdn't be right, he was Boyet. Before the Thursday night call, about ten cast members were shooting the breeze outside Drayton. The subject of opening night reviews came up. Michael Hawley, one of the electricians had come backstage the night before flushed and muttering breathlessly, "Adger's here! Adger's here!" But the review in The State didn't appear Thursday morning. And nobody had seen the Columbia Recordyet. l walked over to the news vendor in front of the Federal Building. ln luck - a few Fiecords were still left. I brought one back to the group and distributed the three sections, we all began to search. It was in section C, page six, head- lined "USC Cast Skillfully Does Shakespearean Comedy." Favorable head, at least. The groups gathered around and read over Lynn Carroll's shoulder. Neville Patterson, a staff writer for the Record, did the piece, and he opened on a kind note: "As Shakespeare intended this comedy of wooing, its folly and its trials, is entertaining. "Although the archaic Elizabethan language makes full understanding practically impossible, director James Pat- terson and his cast keep the action moving and the intended meanings usually recognizable. . . "Terry Bennett's set is fanciful and pretty. Lyn Csicj Car- roll's costumes are generally attractive and right, but details like shoes and the constable's uniform mar the whole. John Jeffrey Davis' music provides pleasing arrangements for several sonnets, spoken as poetic lines." By now Patterson had arrived. He told Lynn that he thought the Record was unjustifiably hard on the cos- tumes. "I don't," she said, "the shoes are horrible." Now the actors began to tighten a little. We were enter- ing the performance evaluations. "Peter Holland gives a professional performance as the king of Navarre. His work is a pleasure to watch. Paul Ward as the reluctant scholar Berowne is polished yet exciting. Wally Rodriguez is a delight as the blustering Don Armado, while Scott Moore as Moth often walks away with entire scenes. Hopefully he will stay interested in theater and polish his singing voice. "Janice Pryor as the dairy maid is again amusing, as is Jem Graves as a pedantic schoolmaster. Judy Jones has a good stage presence as the princess, as does Leon Kar- ahalis as her attendant." The spiritual uplift was indescribable. The atmosphere was heady, joking, even gigglish. At the same time there was that much more pressure to produce a good second- fcontinued on page 237, ..7w""" Schoolmaster Holofernes KJ em Graves, sings part of the finale, "The Owl and the Cuckoo," with characters both noble and ignoble assembled behind. 230 r- l l O Dllhiidinl Flaunting the cane and topper that Vidal just ave her, Charity spins through the song, "II" My Friends Could Sec Me Now." by susan hedgepath "If my friends could see me now" -- and many did since the cast of Sweet Charity played to sell-out crowds every night. Sweet Charity was the first play of the season pre- sented by the Department of Theatre and Speech along with the Depart- ment of Music and ran during the first week of October. Sweet Charity, a musical comedy by Neil Simon, was directed by Rus- sell Green, Professor of Theatre and Speech at Carolina, and was under musical direction by Fred Teuber of the Department of Music. Green stated that the play was a difficult one to start the season off with because of the large cast fapproximately 505, the difficult scen- ery, and the fact that the cast had only one week to work with the 'cho- reographer. . .1. A.- .J DAM Edms The people in Central Park retrieve the soaked Charity from the pond, where she fell in trying to reach her purse. To top it off, auditions were held during the first two days of registra- tion and the performance was held Oct. 6-10, leaving less than five weeks to prepare. Finding 50 individuals willing to give up their free time, especially at the beginning of the year, seems an impossible task but it was accom- plished and with no major changes in cast as in some of the previous plays. The cast consisted of Carolina stu- dents from various majors as well as one or two male high school students. The scenery, under the direction of Terry Bennett, was difficult to han- dle because the play calls for several changes of scenes in a relatively short time. Unfortunately the fly-gallery fabove the stagej at Drayton Hall is not as large as it should be, and the movement of a great deal of scenery is nearly impossible. fScenery not in use is stored there until it is neededj. Some other problems with scenery concerned the curtain which persisted in getting stuck, and the amount of noise involved in changing the sets. The cast had only one week to work with the choreographer because he came from the New York-New Jersey area. Voight Kempson, a one-time dance instructor in the Columbia area, was hired by Green because of his expertise in the field of jazz and tap. He had worked with Green before on summer theatre produc- tions. With less than five weeks to pre- pare, the cast of about 50 gave their best in the five-day run of Sweet Charity. The evidence of this play's success could be heard as students hummed such tunes as "Big Spender" and "If My Friends Could See Me Now" on the way to class. Dracula Roams The USC Campus by susan hedgepath The "horror" of Halloween was extended yet another week this year as Count Dracula roamed the USC campus - or at least Drayton Hall. The Department of Theatre and Speech presented "Dracula" Nov. 5-8. The play, based on Bram Stoker's novel of 1897, was written by the American screen writer John Balder- son and Hamilton Deane. The story concerns a physician and a scientist and their efforts to protect a loved one from the vampire king. Under the direction of Prof. James Patterson, the USC version was par- ticularly entertaining to the audi- ence. An aura of mystery was held about the play for the audience was In her father's library, 'Lucy Seward fCheryl Blackj tries to conceal the teeth marks from her fiance, Jonathan Harker fAndrew J. Fowlerj. Dane Edens 236 never totally convinced as to whether or not the actors were serious or merely fooling them. Of particular interest to the audi- ence was the bat "Dracula" who flew in and out during a couple of scenes of the play. The bat was just one aspect of the play which was under the direction of Ebin Cleveland, tech- nical director. Terry Bennet, scenic designer, proved his talents once more with the authenic looking set for "Dracula" The set was appealing to the audience as well as technically useful to the DGMEGQM Fearful that Butterworth will take him away again, R. M. Renfield fChristian S. Hanckelj, Dracula's accomplice, backs off from Van Hels- ing fMichael Reichgottj as Dr. Seward fRlobert W. Hungerforflj tries to reason with him. DIN Edsnl Count Dracula fJohn W. Woody turns desperately on his attackers Van Helsing and Dr. Seward and tries bo escape from them. actors and stage crew. Costumes, designed by Penny Alli- son, featured the Count's cape, cuffed pants for the men's suits and flowing gowns for Lucy. The set, costumes, and other tech- nical aspects combined with the actors talents to present a play Well l Y 4 J, a none-to-subtle advance fat rightj. . Butterworth Uohn Marionj places a consol- ing hand on Nurse Well's fSandi Shackel- ford in Luc 's boudoir below then makes bn! Edbfw worth seeing. LoVe's Labor Lost fcontinued from page 230j night show. And there was one thing more: Adger Brown's review had yet to appear, and he was the heavy- weight, the man to watch for. He showed up the next morning on page 8-A of The State in a horizontal piece dwarfed by the huge Lowe's ad beneath it. The head was a three-decker: "USC Play: Labor Lost, Also Humor." I stepped into the lead para- graph reluctantly. Happily he had begun by qualifying his remarks with an admission that Shakespeare's comedies were at the very least challenging, at the most unperformable. "Bead his comedies if you like," he wrote, "but except in rare cases it's better to avoid their stage presentations. Few modern actors are equipped with the necessary flair, the style, the ability to wear period costumes convincingly - or to han- dle the Bard's lines. "Thus, the University of South Carolina Theater has its hands more than full in attempting Shakespeare's 'l.ove's Labor's Lost,' a rather-flimsy piece at best, and one totally dependent upon style, expertise and sparkling characteri- zation. "Certainly, the cast for the work cannot be faulted for lack of diligence. They are all right in there giving their all. it's just that their 'all' is nowhere nearly enough." l paused to try to make out what he was doing. lt sounded like an apology to the Muses. "There is a signal failure in achieving characterizations. Close your eyes for a period - not a difficult feat at that - and you cannot tell which actor is speaking. And the same is true of the ladies in the cast: all are beautiful and charming, but they are peas in a pod. "Terry A. Bennett has created a beautiful setting. Jack Shirk has once again come through with his highly effec- tive lighting design, and a small group of musicians pro- vide a highly appropriate accompaniment. But l find Lynn Carroll's eclectic approach to costuming - everything from American Colonial to hippie cowboy Cincluding one outfit that suggests a defrocked cadet from The Citadelj not particularly successful 'camp.' "All in all, Director James Patterson's production adds up to a bore - pretty but still a bore." The only other two publications that regularly review University productions - Osceola and The Gamecock - didn't touch "Love's Labor's." That may have been a blessing anyhow. Jem Graves had heard a rumor that the Gamecock reviewer was going to be someone who audi- tioned and had not been cast. The cast party, inserted after the Friday night perform- ance, ran three hours into Saturday. Jan had distributed mimeographed maps - "Not scale!" -with directions to the house that she and Bos Huffman shared. The kitchen counter and a small table were covered with bottles from Seven-Up to White Wine. The dining room table held hugh bowls of potato chips, cheese logs, and crackers, cakes, and brownies, and salads. About 2 a.m. the groups assembled in the living room to sing hits from Broadway shows around Fics' piano. An hour and a half later the party broke up. At the Saturday night call, the company compared hangovers from the cast party the night before and rub- bed onthe makeup for the last show. Conversation 'tended toward which bar to head for after the show was packed up and the set had been struck. It was over and done with in the dressing rooms long before the lights went up that night. The real event of the evening was the strike, the tearing down ofthe set. Everyone connected with the production was ripping out nails with crowbars or hammer claws, col- lecting chicken wire and pieces of wood, and hauling them outside. Terry Bennett said he had no use for the copper "trees,"Aas we had nicknamed them, on each side of the set. He gave us his blessing, and the souvenir-hunt- ers scrambled over to break off one or two of the acetate hearts. Within an hour the set had been obliterated. As an enraged Pompey, Costard flails about with blade and shield. Kip cuiief t ,L ,, 1 il 'fa X. "-I. ff Aciiinegr J i 5 - -we Xhslao 'IQ .l" 3:11 - ' i--f .tl Q-' I". J -4' . af' 'Y i. wg, 1.51.1 ' 1 .l-v A . F- 237 by tim hedgecoth Consider the plight of Paul Zindel: having won critical praise for "The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in- the-Moon Marigolds," he has to come up with an encore. Another tragicom- edy, liberally peppered with scatolog- ical remarks and based upon a suffi- ciently sad situation that its jokes will be imbued with Heavy Irony. Consider now what came of his encore attempt: "And Miss Reardon Drinks a Little." While "Marigolds" had a symbol of innocence laboring sweetly over her science project, given focus by her silence, "Miss Reardon" gives us no calm character in which to take respite. The three sisters of the Reardon family are each lamentable, and although Zindel tries I ' , ,... , 'I H -a DaneEdBnS While her sister Anna CDru Brookshirej feasts on zucchini, Catherine fSusan-Lynn J ohnsj sips kiwi frappe with Fleur Stein. shifts between them expertly. She plays Anna's madness as a sanity leavened with obsession, anger and confusion, and by the mere act of leaning against a wall she conveys l Salvaging ZindeI's I ' 9 'Miss Reardon to coordinate affairs so that everyone has a line or two of Heavy Irony, they inevitably lapse back into their sorry selves, hateful and destructive. As the first offering of University Theater for the spring semester, "Miss Reardon" is not bad. A mixture of bellylaugh punch lines and salty cynicism, its nearly professional level of performance makes it at least on a par with Workshop and Town Thea- ter's standard fare. "Miss Reardon's" three most out- standing assets are its audio, its set design and its second leading lady, Drucilla Brookshire, in increasing order. Anna Reardon is some parts simmering sexuality, some parts lit- tle-girl fearfulness, and Brookshire As Fleur CMelinda McGrathJ ingratiates her- self with Ceil, husband Bob QI-Earl Willisj jokes offensively with Anna. Daneliduns exhaustion and A futility. She is the production's cen- terpiece. The set arrange- ment bespeaks the waste and weari- ness of the pro- ceedings. Charles Arney has created what he calls "the impression of a blackboard" with green-shaded walls and molding. I would not doubt that the knickknacks on the buffet were got at roadside souvenir stores and gift shops in New Jersey. And Arney has been considerate of the actors in giving them space and decorations aplenty to incorporate into the stage business. The tapes that preface each of the three acts do not call attention to themselves except for their quality. For Acts II and III, they are simply bridges, cues for the audience to get seated, but the long introductory tape for Act I serves a more dramatic purpose. Through obviously careful direction from Susan-Lynn Johns and Director Kay Bethea, it flows from one surrealistic scene to another: The Pledge of Alle- giance, the school's alma mater, lines from a teacher's manual and con- trasting classroom situations. It comes off not only an interesting exposition on the profession but, as it was intended, an inventory of Anna's thoughts as well. Johns and Bethea team up with less success in the characterization of Catherine, the drinking Reardon. Johns' Catherine is deeply imbittered by having to live in the shadow of her sister Ceil fplayed efficiently by Sandi Shackelfordj. But Bethea does not give her the chance to knock back Scotches as she ought. Johns' aca- demic invective is delivered als a mockery of, instead of a window to Catherine's character. Still, her short- in On an excursion through her childhood, Anna tells Ceil CSandi Shackelfordj what their mother was like before she died. comings seem shorter compared to her bright moments, and her last-act exchange in the dark with Brookshire is stunning. Zindel's scenes between the three sisters are his most inspired ones, and you have to wonder why he included the second act at all. The characters of Bob and Fleur Stein are painfully out of place, like Ralph Steadman sketches in the middle of a Matisse. Earl Willis and Melinda McGrath get by all right with their material, mug- ging or mincing about. But their only service is the momentary allying of Ceil with her sisters. The act could be cut easily without loss of meaning to most of the one that follows. If Zindel had been more concerned with the content of his play than with its nature, he might have seen that, and Drayton's attendants would have been treated to even more enjoyable theater. Ever Dream i i ir '.,' gg ,-L T Cf Being In The Limelight? ' f T M ' iii I- 'M w, 9 ty I F 11 ,iv ,l ,lull 1 C1 ip' I Ning lc' 4 X ll 1, 1 . ' ,N 4 ,itil all T25 f . . 3 ,A, Q . no . l '55 Or maybe just being a part of a theatrical production? Now is the time, now while you're in school and have such a great oppor- tunity. The Theatre and Speech Department at USC can previde training as well as experi- ence in the theatre arts. The department presents six major plays a season as well as repertory thezltre, student-directed perform- ances, and debates. If you've ever dreamed of' being a part oli the theatre, then come join us and have a good time. We need you. l l U I 5 ERSITY THEATRE 1.9 If . . .To The Community i -.ig The Office for Community Education Projects, formerly Volunteer Ser- vices, now offers students experience as well as credit. Experience - which can be gained through working as a teacher's aid, a tax form preparer, a crisis intervention counselor, in interaction with minor- ity children, youth offenders, and those with various mental illnesses. Credit - which can be gained in the form of Continuing Education Units QCEUJ and can help in competition for that first job or for graduate school. One CEU, according to the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, is defined as 10 contact hours of participation in an organized continuing educa- tion experience. For more information call the Office for Community Education Projects at 2780 and gain important personal and social insights as well as credit through your experiences in the community. 7 i - CRQI, A unique idea in theatre perform- ances was presented this summer in the form of a repertory theatre. The Summer Repertory Theatre began a month long three play sched- ule of popular productions July 8 in Columbia at the University owned Drayton Hall Theatre. By using the concept of rolling repertory the com- pany alternated 23 performances of the "Hot 1 Baltimore," "Charley's Aunt," and "Picnic." It followed three week long productions of the individual plays which began in mid- June. Thirty-six characters in the three plays were created by the 18-member company which also understudied 13 other parts. According to Dr. Patti P. Gillespie, head of the Department of Theatre and Speech, rolling repertory is now the pattern of America's best perma- nent theatres. This method of produc- tion not only provides a challenge for the performers, but also provides a unique experience for the audience. Dr. Gillespie explained that audi- ences today are interested in watch- ing the actors display their skills. What better way is there to accom- plish this than by being able to see the same actors and actresses play very different characters on succes- sive nights in different plays? Dr. Gillespie pointed out that no actor-training system is more demanding than repertory. In reper- tory, it is not enough to play yourself. Each character must be different. Otherwise, repertory audiences might remember from night to night and play to play what a particular actor is doing. During the first week of summer theatre, Laura Lind, Drucilla Brook- shire, and Miriam Taylor fill the role of three hookers in "Hot 1 Baltimore," a comedy based on the feelings of tenants and watchers-by when they learn they are to be evicted to make way for the hotel's demolition. The second week of summer thea- tre witnessed a presentation of "Charley's Aunt" a farce based on the impersonation of a male in the role of Charley's aunt, played by Steve Bord- fF L-- n.a...Aa 6 all ner. "Picnic," the final offering fea- tured a local high school graduate in the role of Hal, a college football star who upsets the routine of a drowsy neighborhood with his masculinity. Visitors CSteve Bordner, Miriam Ta lor and Dru Brookshirel join the Hot 1's cler CDavid Williamsj and a hooker CLaura Lindj in sipping champagne. Dressed Cat leftj to resemb e his f ' d' t, B bb l fSbe Bordnerl chas- Duns Ednns rien s aun a er y ve tises Spettigue CJim Propesj? Picnic's Madge lBarbara Wesnerj lends a sympathetic ear to ihero Hal CAlex Danielsj below. Inlovmallon Servloos How? He sets the gals' blood stir- ring with various emotional reac- tions, lust, disappointment, faded memories, fading hopes, bitterness, optimism and fear. 231 KAl1BarIhulcfnUvI Rising up between the north and southbound lanes of Sumter Street, Longstreet Theatre is insolated by a makeshift fence during renova- ions. lfefurfzishiug the grwflighfs DIMEGM The Drayton Hall facade stands largely unchanged from 10 years ago, when it was first used to stage theatrical productions. by brenda bell and helen smith By midsummer 1976, USC will have two theatre facilities, Long- street and Drayton Hall, available for productions by the Department of Theatre and Speech. "The two theatres will provide per- formance space at all times for stu- 232 dent productions," said James Patter- son, associate professor in the Department of Theatre and Speech. The type of production and staging needed for a play will determine whether the arena at Longstreet or the proscenium arch theatre at Dray- ton Hall will be used. The arena allows the actors to per- form in a close space, close to their audience, whereas the proscenium stage provides more stage for cre- ative set designs. Conversion from a run-down intra- mural gym to a 350 seat theatre arena is the reconstruction plan for Longstreet Theatre, one of Columbia's few pre-Civil War build- ings. "There will be an arena which will seat approximately 350 people. It will be an actor-audience type relation- ship," Patterson said. In an arena, scenery is never flown above the stage, but is changed by means of a hydraulic elevator which sinks to the basement when not in use. Because this method does not allow for a quick change of sets within an act, the change is accomplished after the act. "Various dressing rooms for the actors, storage, costume and property rooms will be included in the renova- tion. The lobby will be the area for purchasing tickets, and offices for the department 'will be located on the fourth floor," Patterson said. Longstreet was used during the Civil War as a hospital, then later as a church until its most recent use as a gym. Although for the past few years it has appeared that reconstruction has been planned for the theatre, Patter- son said that ideas "for the recon- struction only began three years ago. However, no definite construction has taken place until recently. The reconstruction is expected to be com- pleted by midsummer or fall of 197 6." Drayton Hall, which has been used as USC's theatre facility for the past ten years, has recently been remod- eled. The remodeling process, begun in August 1974, was completed in Janu- ary 1975 in, time for the first produc- tion of thatQ season. During this time, the theatre was completely repainted and new dra- peries and a new front curtain were added. Different lighting positions were cut in the ceiling and sides of the the- atre. Carpeting was installed and 580 hardback seats were replaced with 400 upholstered seats in a continental seating arrangement. This seating arrangement does away with row aisles and three sec- tions of seats. Instead there is one section of seats in the center of the auditorium, allowing for better audi- ence viewing. The decor in the theatre is in warm, Kah1Blmlsr The "Sweet Charity" set leans out into the dim Drayton house with its new continental. seating arrangement, which allows for better viewing. earthy tones. Remodeling also brought much needed air condition- ing to the theatre. But, for Drayton Hall the changes were entirely cosmetic - "for the comfort of the audience, not for a more workable theatre," Patterson said. "Although Drayton Hall theatre is a proscenium arch theatre in which scenery is supposed to 'fly' upwards to change, Drayton Hall does not have enough fly space to accommo- date the scenery for some produc- tions." Patterson added that any major theatre department must have four types of theatre spaces. One is a large musical theatre which USC does not presently have, but will have when the new cultural arts center is built. A proscenium arch theatre is also needed for use in productions requir- ing more elaborate scenery. which needs changing quickly and fre- quently. Drayton Hall fills this slot at USC. Next, an intimate arena-type thea- tre is required for close actor-audi- ence type relationships. Longstreet Theatre will meet this need at USC. Finally, an experimental "black box" is needed to provide a space which can be rearranged for an actor and any relationship not covered by the other three theatres. Longstreet now has an upstairs area which can be used for this purpose. Miss Reardon Drink alittle by Paul zmdu A sexual scandal and a mental collapse provlde the basis for a sardonlc comedy Wednesday through Saturday February 4 7 hy Cy COIIIIWI Dofothy Fudd: and Nall Simon The racy and tender razzledazzle Broadway muslcal comedy Monday throudl Fnday October hy John L Balderston Hnmtlton Dum The classlc Vampire play calculated even to scare the skeptics Wednesday through Saturday November 5-8 DRBCULH by Guan-Carlo Menom The world famous Amerucan dom Produced ln cooperatlon wlth the USC Department of Music and the Columbia Lyric Thea tre lNot avaliable ln the sub scrlptlon serles l by James Baldwin A raclal tragedy brings blacks and whltes together m a small Southern town Wednesday through Saturday Tuesday Wednesday Friday-Saturday March 3,5 December 2 3 5 6 SH tclyarh III W llxam Shakespeare A ruthless ruler s rlse to power and hls eventual destructlon Monday through Saturday Apnl 19 24 Ana wan y v 6 ' 0 atot 1 esta e y 7 l ll ' A ' 5 "YV ,. . . 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' .- '. Q,--, -, +R.. -, ... --.wi q1,..J-ls. 11 H5 I.,.,:--L-. '-' -5 , . 0 N -..,.,, , . ' -, 1 '-..':,-q- ..., J ,- . 4.',- :lf.- 5. L. l 1... -- -.... fl. '. ',--H,-' 4. 4, I '-. -. ll - 1 - , . . o - ,V . .,. ' .. - -, 7 -' . 1. I.. . I C C o . . 44 Carolinafs Only Academic Magazine April 1976 Staff G8zB Editor Bob Baker ACADEME Editor Kerry Northrup Copy Editor Catherine Watson Contributors Gail Agett Mark Alexander Debbie Boris Thomas Cooney Kip Culler Sally Dengel Marion Dillashaw Brenda Easterling Dane Edens Gene Gaillard Kurt Gardner Kent Glover Tim Hedgecoth Sue Oney Karen Petit Ann Ross Mike Shumpert Andrew Thompson Mickey Trimarchi Don Whitney Cheryl Wood GENERAL OFFICES: 105 Kirk- land Apartments, 1611 Pendleton Street, University of South Caro- lina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208. All rights reserved by 1976 GARNET AND BLACK. Nothing may be printed in whole or in part without writ- ten permission from the editor. Any similarities between the people and places in this maga- zine and the people and places at USC is purely coincidental. Feature Articles CRIB NOTES . . GRADE GRUBBING .......... .... SPECIALIZED EDUCATION . . . . . . . HONORS COLLEGE ....... .... ABCDF GRADING ...... .... THE FIVE-YEAR PLAN? .................... COMMENT ON ACADEMIC EXCELLENCE . . STUDY - A PHOTO ESSAY ................ Departments HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ..... LAW SCHOOL SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS . . . . . . . ENGINEERING ............... .... EDUCATION . . NURSING ......... .... LIBRARIANSHIP . . . . . . . PHARMACY. . . GRADUATE SCHOOL .... .... GENERAL STUDIES .... .... MEDICAL SCHOOL .... .... SOCIAL WORK BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION .... .... J OURNALISM . HEALTH SCHOOLS .... .... 245 249 252 258 260 264 267 320 269 273 276 280 282 286 291 293 296 299 303 307 3 12 3 1 5 3 l 7 Cnib ores MR FIT Program In Second Year Checking Hearts Fourteen sensors are applled to the heart area to record an EKG The College of Health and Physn al Educat1on entered the second year of a jomt research project wlth the Natlonal Heart and Lun ASSOCl8llOD that offers free tcstmg for cardlovascular problems rn men The project part of a nat1onw1de effort known as Mult1ple Rrsk Factor lnterventlon Trlal CMRFIT pronounced Mr Fltj tnvolved canvassmg the Columbla area for men 35 to 57 who would be w1ll1ng to undergo a 15 mmute screenlng The screenmg rated each man s r1sk level for heart attack and stroke Research workers spent around two and a half weeks 1n sect1ons of the c1ty collectlng lnformatton door Crlbnotes Academic News Shorts by Tlm Hedgecoth to dool Specrflcally they tested sublects for hlgh blood pressure h1gh cholesterol levels and clgarette smoklng About 13 000 men were screened and accordmg to Dr Warren GIGSG dcan of the college about 30 per cent of that number probably needed further medlcal attentlon USC Clemson Sign Co Research Pact In Marine Blology A new three way agreement was slgned 1n September by USC Clemson Umverslty and the Belle W Baruch Foundat1on to coord1nate teachmg and research on Hobcaw Barony near Georgetown The new agreement replaced two older ones between the 1nst1tut1ons oversees the 17 500 acre barony under the terms of a w1ll drawn up by Belle W Baruch the former owner Clemson s1gned rts agreement 1n 1968 and establlshed the Belle W Baruch Forest Sclence lnst1tute to study the barony s forests and w1ldl1fe USC followed w1th 1lS agreement m 1972 formmg the Belle W Baruch lnst1tute of Mar1ne Brology and Coastal Research whlch offers the only mar1ne b1ology program tn the state The agreement slgned 1n September ehmlnated some areas of overlappmg responstblhty between the two umversltles It was the flrst such 1o1nt research agreement for Clemson and USC fx Dr Leon Lessmger dean of Educat1on works on backyard pat1o Lesstnger Chosen Educator Of The Century C1tat1on as an outstandmg educator of the century was conferred on Dr Leon M Lessmger dean of the College of Educat1on by the Amerlcan ASSOCIHYIOH of School Admmlstrators CAASAJ Lessmger a former assoc1ate comm1ss1oner of the U S Off1CG of Educat1on was c1ted Feb 22 at the group S conventlon ID Atlantlc Clty NI at wh1ch he presented a paper entltled Teachlng as a Performmg Ar Lessmger left h1s post as Calloway Professor of Educat1on at Georg1a State Un1vers1ty tn 1972 to become dean ofthe college 245 - 1 . - . - - ' ' ' -" . 'v 1 V, l W . . 1 ' 'E - . 1 1 ' " 1 u l ' . , A ' ' I ' l':'Y . , 1 I ' ' A DaneEdens , . , . DBNBEGUFIS and the Baruch Foundation, which T , - . , ' g 1 n H I 1' 1 ' 7 K 1 . I . - as g L ' ' l ' . . . Q , I , , . . . q D , . . . , , . Y . . , . , . . . I I yi ' 7 ' 9 ' 9 . . l I ' W - - -1 l Q . n 1 ' IK ' n ' ' r I Q . , . , - ' Lu ' ' ' ' ' ,- . g , . 0 C R i IJ N S Continued USC Institute To Survey Savannah River The Institute of Archeology and Anthropology signed two Contracts with the National Park Service to conduct archeological surveys along the Savannah River. The surveys, to be done between the Clark Hill and Hartwell Reservoirs, are aimed at locating sites that should be excavated before construction begins on a new dam planned for the area - Richard B. Russell Dam. The dam, also known as the Trotters Shoals project, is tentatively scheduled for completion in the fall of 1982, according to a spokesman for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. When filled, the reservoir will cover 26,650 acres. Richard L. Stephenson, director of the institute, said the two contracts, which total S19,000, are part of continuing work by the institute in the project area. "These should be the last surveys," Stephenson said. "On the basis of these surveys we'll recommend the sites that should be intensely investigated." Surveying should be completed in December of next year, but two or three years more should remain in excavating and examining the area. journalism Airs Quiz Program On ETV Network 246 A high-school quiz program produced by the College of journalism was aired for the first time in the fall over South Carolina's Educational Radio Network. Three-member teams from two of 47 high schools around the state faced off once a week answering questions about state and national news events from the previous two-week period. Winning teams returned the week following their victories and advanced to the championship playoffs if they won three contests in a row. Dr. john Lopiccolo, a professor in broadcasting at the college, headed the project. "It should be an interesting program," he said, "because everyone listening should know the answer to every question." USC, Temple U. Exchange Honor Students john jackson, a 33-year-old history major from Philade1phia's Temple University, was the Honors Program's first exchange student this year. Dr. Bill Mould, director of the Honors Program, administered the exchange. "We chose Temple University for our first honors exchange because we wanted a school outside of the Southeast which would give our students exposure to the customs and viewpoints of a different part of the country," he said. While jackson spent the year researching his senior thesis on the introduction and distribution of blacks into the United States, USC senior Richard Russell of Walterboro studied in Temple's psychology department. The exchange program may be expanded in years to come to allow more participants. "We already have tentative agreements with Long Island University and the University of Maryland," Dr. Mould said. lrlfnSQNiCB! john jackson was the first honors exchange to USC from Temple Univ. USC Plans Continued Education For Engineers Plans for a national pilot program of continuing education for engineers grew out of three meetings between the USC College of Engineering and four other engineering schools. The schools - at Stanford University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Southern Methodist University and Colorado State University - met in june and October of 1975 to consider proposals for the program, funded by a S15,000 grant from the Sloan Foundation. The proposals were to have been acted upon Cribnotes in a january meeting at USC. Iohn D. Waugh, associate dean of the college, said a draft of the final pilot program proposal will be submitted to the National Science Foundation for implementation, which will probably take about two years. USC was chosen to join the other schools primarily because of its APOGEE program, "A Program of Graduate Engineering Education," which offers engineers with undergraduate degrees the opportunity to work toward a master's while continuing to Work. Burney Portrait Displayed In Science Center A portrait of Dr. William B. Burney, whose 51-year tenure is a record at the University, was donated in October by his daughter and granddaughter. Burney was professor of chemistry from 1880 until his death in 1931 and during his tenure served as dean of the College of Pharmacy for three years. His portrait, painted by Gerald Foster of Orangeburg, was hung on the first floor of the Physical Sciences Center. Professor O'Neil Guiding Federal Graphic Designs Dr. john O'Neil, head of lournalism the Department of Art, was appointed in October to a presidential panel on graphics in government. The panel, created after a 1970 study revealed the need to upgrade graphic designs used by the federal government, was to review logotypes, seals, badges, periodicals, charts, mastheads and other materials produced by the 60 executive agencies and departments of government. r . 'NJ ' Dane Edens Department of Art Head john O'Neil will work on government graphics. Law Officers Respond To Graduate Program The new master's program in criminal justice, initiated by the General Assembly, began its first year with 80 participants in Columbia and 20 in Charleston. l' The program, which is interdisciplinary, attracted members of the FBI, the State Law Enforcement Division CSLEDJ, the U.S. Postal Service, both the Virginia and South Carolina Departments of Corrections, and several other statewide agencies. In addition, said Dr. William I. Mathias, director of the program, 800 inquiries have arrived from the country. To obtain his master's in criminal justice, a student must successfully complete 36 hours of graduate credit: 12 in the criminal justice core courses, 18 in a major field and six in a specialized field. Mathias, former coordinator of criminal justice programs and associate professor at Georgia State University, oversees the program with help from Ellis C. MacDouga1l, the associate director. MacDougall was director of the state's Department of Corrections from 1962 to 1968 and has been chief corrections officer in Georgia and Connecticut. USG Press Printing Bicentennial Books The University of South Carolina Press is publishing some books this year in keeping with the national bicentennial theme. "The Partisan War: The South Carolina Campaign of 1780-1782" by Russell F. Weigley argues that American military successes resulted from the use of unconventional or guerrilla warfare. Hjoscelyng A Tale of the Revolution" by William Gilmore continued on page 256 2 4 7 248 Wh T ER ppc Ed ll he f""" 'i' - f?f""'-"- 'XJ Mies? JMR X... ...V - 2, In-w--'T'- ad xxx-MX ,,.-,A , .Tix , Fx. Y-'.v,LA'-W, V fl ,gain-ANL' ,.- :-1 I , , ' L I fix lr. X' 1. - - .ef hx 4 X ' 'Ll L. ' """ u ""'Q2-.. Li, . 72 E ' " ' ' -A ' .xxx ev ' .asf t 4 -A -MH K -'M " .- ' . J: t F 7 1 ' an-t. - K ff ' 1. v -. f -X . W. 1 ' -T' R , ff ef- . N. ' .Npif-" if . - ' ' ' f ' 375'-f'l-P -f'-3"3WFli'i5i 95' fqf..' ' - ' . ' 1 7 ,'f-" ,sq-gf" . kia y- Aa ,"F,!'?, , . . , 4: v ef-if 5.235 rc' t. 1' ,1 A , 1 1' f - . Y' -4- 1 - 1. .' i I 1 I ll" ff' -' ' ., ,1 15 'V ' -' 'l' . , , 5 , , , .nf-.. .+ ,, A 5 1.4, ,- fssa- ! i 21 ' ' R . , " ' 31 f' ..' '- -3S., f XX 51- -.'2?g:gg,,, e I 3 a. 3. ' 4 wg.,-f V ' T'g".g'- .f J .- l I ,,-' Hbigx w -,1" ff Mai!! Z:-if , U 1 1' -gb-Lk I. i , I L ""'- I N 1.-. 1j',5,.:g,-,YL f I : . ""7"'f+igkAL " - -- "9 ' 'J' ' ' 'ML z'...,a. . ,iff , V -, wv .1 W , m I ., -.,-.., ,uw . ' . N ..1iQ Lf: fjf5qJ.',. I ' A , ,, -V A- l , 9, ff 1' .4 . n l. -I if J. , I-N Y J. I l 1 ' -, H A " A- -J, 1.-- wl'.,. ' , , ' " A"ff" ' g QFFX4 flf , ' Mia! """"'1 x - N.,-5 -: I 4 I .f ' ' . .,.-, , V f 3 1115 M. 1+ i!5l1 2 F fi? e. i ifff' 1 f .4 . ,. :fa H f " la it gp ig ' ---ful' 61. tt t 'M .-,dit ' , "ei: if ."?- p H " - ' - -7 .2 1: -e-.welll ir an P1 ef W H t - f t AX li' Wrlzial :V J :pf-7:51 ' 1 N - 1 -f D , , ' 1: , ' 44, L-'.-P---Em., H' 1. ' . " .1.j?,.Xw . 6gjW..i?'35X - -P ,N .f l' 1- .11 - Q VA' -. "-fi-"'-ff-" -3, LLI : ',24"f"f- M-. , Q - -1 ' 1 1- 112 1 i 5 ' X ' ' 'A ' , , 1 . i. v.'7,., ,, N , V J 1 L .6 ,wg-,' .,q .' V51 :uf aa- .,: ' ' ,sky .AQ Y5.n".is.+,.., .1 The traditional battle between the bottle and the books at Carolina may be shifting in favor of the GPR. Party School? By Mickey Trimarchi The Grade Point Ratio. To some University of South Carolina students it is a mere number, to be contended with for only those four or more years at the university. Yet the ma1or1ty of Carolina students find that the GPR is not something to be taken lightly Unfortunately many students find that they have passed extracurricular activities and failed the rest of their courses Even though these activities help develop the student into a well educated person these courses are not the first thing looked at upon for graduation from college For many the day the letter of acceptance came from the Admissions office is now just a memory As the thought of going to college at Carolina began to sink into reality you wondered what does it have to offer me? Perhaps what impressed the new freshmen more than the widely respected Graduate School the excellent research programs and a faculty of national renown is that USC has the notoriety of being a partying school Visions of visiting barrooms cavorting around the campus with a beer mug in hand and sleeping until noon fill many a naive young freshman s head But is it all that you ve heard? Contrary to popular belief the ma1or1ty of Carolina students say that they are here to study first party later While it may seem like many students never crack the books it can be said that they are more concerned with the next exam than that second glass of brew Cindy Pearce a freshman from Miami came to USC because it has a great theater department and to I like the South but Miami is so impersonal just like New York Pearce said I really like it here at USC There s so much to offer I study quite often at least four days a week but school IS not as easy as I thought Pearce said But I am working toward a high GPR Party wise there s a lot to offer There are also so many extracurricular activities that I have to sit down and decide what to do Freshman physical education major Ellen Littlejohn has found that it takes a lot of work to shoot for a high CPR I m trying to do good but I do slack off a bit I study for the GPR not 1ust to get by Littlejohn came to Carolina because It has an excellent Physical Education Department and Party School? There are so ma y extra curricular activities that I have to sit down d decide what to do ft In Xl 4 1 XE--M beside my parents said they would pay if I went here The people in the Physical Education Department treat each person as an individual They really care about you and try to get you involved with some activities Littlejohn said 249 1 . u - n - - - ' ' . ll n ll T1 I ' ' 0 0 0 l ! v . . . . 0 ' Ji - ' 1, ' ll 1 . . 7 1 1 ! I 5 9 , . . I . . . ' 1 ,. J ,E . . ff' --ll I .skxil H., fa ' fr,-.1 Wflillr- "deli ,f X ,Rai . . 4--e vw ., ' ,. - ,, .- "LL, ,. 1 cy, s Tl:-H ' ,U h -- I X" ':,. 'Z n I , I fl tl, C get away from Miami. get ge--rl? uf, ll H . . . . I , Q:-:.-4 A " 5- 'jg' " ,4,1' . ,. . JH Jw. - u - - a""Lf.Z,. A , 1 5 "f' A 'V'- ', , I iff ' 'ffl If :laces ' . A fx- ,V I I -L..-,zip ,, ' . ' "' B '-1-.,...,u, . ls . ax ,.-, ,K My : if -' 1 - -L. " H I . -if 'az - - I ,ff .qt u - 9 1 -' - y I . . ,, - sa s - H , ' . . ' , Q ' . 79 - . v 1 - W ' N hx! ' , 5' 'H I 1 . . . . ,, ' , ' . . . l "I would sa y that this is a partying school 1 A- for the people who want it that way." 571- I , I ,ci 'I X V1 ff' K ' ? I 7 n 5 . 1' g . Y- .fg X., fl I -: 1 -:F If Y , "The fraternities and sororities do if a lot for the social life on campus," ' l said Little'ohn asororit pledge "I 1 l I Y - like the freedom because if I was home, I couldn't go out like I do here." Chemical engineering major David Livingston came to Carolina three years ago because "it is a fairly large school, good academically and the 250 best educational facility for the price. "I study to better my GPR," Livingston said. "I want to learn. People judge you by your GPR, not what you learn. So I'm self-conscious about my GPR. "The changes in the grading system will separate the men from the boys. It will show who wants to be here or not," Livingston said. "The students it will affect most will be the incoming freshmen. Most of them can't adjust to the system in so short of a time. "I would say that this is a partying school for the people who want it that way," Livingston said. "You've got the weekend partyers and the eight-day-a-weekers. The campus is easily accessible to the clubs and other places. "This is a good school academically. I think the pharmacy school is the hardest, even harder than engineering," Livingston said. "If students want to get by and party all the time, they should major in basketweavingf' Freshman pre-med student Iacquelyn Harris studies to maintain a high GPR. "I have to ifl expect to get into med school. You have to have at least a 3.5," she said. Harris came to USC from "a pretty hard prep school. What impressed me most was how nice everyone was to me. "The school is very good and my classes are hard, which is what I expected," Harris said. "The graduate assistants really impressed me. They didn't fit the mold everyone said they would - no A's, mean, or didn't care. They really help you out. "I don't think you could call this school a party school," Harris said. "VVhat really surprised me was that everybody leaves on the weekends." Iean Horan, a junior transfer from Towson College in Maryland, studies basically for her GPR. "I usually study to raise my GPR," she said. Horan came to Carolina for "the excellent nursing program and the southern weather. It's a very good school academically, and the teachers help you and give you the attention you need. They care a lot about you. "In regards to the partying atmosphere at Carolina," Horan said "it depends on the crowd. Yeah, I party, but a lot less than I did at Towson. I usually start to party on Thursday." Sophomore Alfred Schooler tries Party School? to keep his GPR up, but he likes "to study just enough to get by. I'll shoot for a high GPR, but I'll take what I can get. "I'll study for a test, but somehow GPR doesn't have that much to do with it," Schooler said. Schooler, a chemical engineering student, came to USC simply "to continue my education. My father went here and my brother go es here also. The school is pretty good academically. "I try to keep partying down to two or three times a week, but I still would like to devote more time to studying," Schooler said. Freshman Linda Ripperger, majoring in either art or anthropology, was told that Carolina would be an easy school. "It is harder than I thought it would be," she said. "I study for my GPR, not just to get studying out of the way. I think about my final grades." Lisa Leachman, a freshman liberal arts major, came to Carolina primarily because she knew the area. "The major difference between high school and college is the studying procedures," Leachman said. "I never had to study in high school. Now I do. High school doesn't prepare you well enough for college. "I study for my GPR and because I want to make A's and B's," Leachman said. "It makes me feel better, and besides, you have a sense of pride in yourself. "This school is somewhat of a partying school," Leachman added. "That is why I hate to study. But if I have something important to study for, I will." Sophomore Craig Cook, a foreign language student, also studies to better his GPR. "I have Grad school in mind and also some pride in myself as far as doing well is concerned. "College is not radically different than high school except that instead of having a test a week, you have one maybe once a month," Cook said. "I really don't party because I run track three hours a day. But it can be a party school for those who want it that way." Freshman math major Carolyn Hugquist studies toward a good GPR. "I try to do better than just pass a test. "I feel that most colleges I've seen are partying schools," Hugquist said. "So far, partying hasn't affected my grades." Party School? "I'Il study for a test, but somehow GPR doesn"t ha ve much to do with it." .. K UN I X' Zliglnmfa ' n.--'Y .. nz:-: With the new grading system in effect, more students are beginning to "hit the books" and working to get the GPR to its maximum height. However, with the college easily accessible to all the social aspects of the surrounding community, some students still give up the books for a little relaxation, liquid or otherwise. 251 iben l RTS ARE oo ibERAl NYMORE By Debbie Boris 4 11. ,f R ..f r-lf f . . , . 1' .N' . I 1! V A ' .. I 1 4 1 1 V 1 , I ,f '-. ,Q , , , X wa , , f , ' -' ,fl X f " ,f " in ,K 1, f 1 ,. ,f f ' f , ,I 7' ff 1 1. - if f l , ,Lv .- , . ,Y w . ,IU X, f , 1, V, , ,. , , 5 f"'1' f ' ' f 1' f ' 1 .r ,- ' 1 ff! ,l' ,JI ,f ," XJ' ' f If 'I' ll- -I4 J, ' ' ' . if I J Q' ' 1' r I f Q A , j 1 J f ,I -' vf , f f I .1 If , , I, , rn j ,at . . . f f , 1 J I, , Sc ' , . 1 F' lj- . , A 1 , ju. , J ' 'N , A I, f IHA , X, ,A X l. I.. ' 1' Y I, 'nf' ' , ' N . ky x f f xt 1. - . .N 4 , , A fi Y. . 4, -I i J. . K, . .. 1 5, , N .. , V f 3 Q 1. X ,- , 1, J .mx- . I ,' U, 1 IP' f it X ' 1 R I 4 'N 've V n f I f - i '!IfQ : as ,, z . Y iraqi "fs ' jx 2,1 '51 A A Specialized Education g,X X 'I In the 1970's, there has been a movement away from the broadly based liberal arts education towards a profession-oriented education, a reflection of the ever-narrowing job market. During the 1950's there was little emphasis on the liberal arts. Profession-oriented education was greatly in demand. Then, in the 1960's came the "Age of Enlightenment." With concern about the Vietnam War and other society flaws, people wanted to understand and thereby change society. So, liberal arts flourished, while business-oriented majors began to drop in number. Specialized Education 1 1 Another reason for this reversal in educational trends was that the economy was strong and it was just as easy to get a job in an industry with a four-year English degree as with a four-year business degree. Then, in the 1970's, the trend reversed again. Liberal arts began its decline and the profession-oriented education began its gradual rise once more. With an increasing emphasis on technology and big business, students wanted to get a job, and realized that in order to do so, they now had to have a more specialized education. Whether the attraction is fresh air, an Air Force career or research on the Salem witch trials, Caroli- na's pre-professional bent in educations draws mostly the studious. 253 According to one psychology professor, "in the economic recession, liberal arts may be a luxury people can't afford." With rising college costs and rising unemployment, the money to put a person through college isn't easy to come by. Also, with rapidly changing developments in industry and technology every day, people such as computer science majors had to devote more time simply to studying the changes in their field. On the other hand, according to Law Professor Eldon Wedlock, "to break away from liberal arts tends to stunt a person's growth mentally. A The concentration of studies in cer- tain pre-professional areas requires instensive reading - which in turn requires creative concentration, as with these students, on the material. 254 1 Danebians M-,,...-f' ...gum Karl B4ll1hDl0mHw person should acquire certain basics for their general background to be educated people rather than to be turned into limited human beings." Because liberal arts give a person a broad enough background from which to form his opinions, a liberal arts education results in better informed, more appreciative people. What happens to the specially trained person, who because of dramatic changes in the industry or because of market saturation, is left without any other resources of training or knowledge to draw on? One example is in the aerospace industry, where thousands were laid , J PML! is -- Dena Edin! Specialized Education off when the space program was greatly curtailed. Where else could they go? With the increasingly narrow job market, many students are aware that they need special skills to get a decent lob Technical Centers may be putting some pressure on colleges said Gary Frayley a graduate student in business Money may be the big factor in deciding between a technical course and college George Carlson a physics graduate assistant said With so many people specializing in certain areas there could be extrem F' ,hgh Specialized Education 1 "r A saturatlon in certain professional areas and many people out of work At any rate the trend toward profession oriented majors continues Pressures from the Job market and the economy have sped up the trend and yet the lack of liberal arts in many profess1onal majors 1S dangerous Specialists will have trouble understanding other areas besides their own and understanding the overall view of what s happening 1n the world without some education in the liberal arts Be they art biology or political science Kas with these mdlvldualsj specialized curricula for pro fess1onals are attracting greater numbers than the once popular liberal arts 255 . H . 11 - 1 1 as - - 11 . I . . H . 1 1 , C l l 1 t if-.-t . - - 4 . 'V Y I , V. - 1, K V- ,A N-2-of f' ., 1 K if, X x . ' Danezaerw l ' . fx . 1 4 . 1 . - . I K - I ' ,f I y .1 ' ' Wg, 5' I' X ., L l l ' xx , -,. gi 4 ju is Q , - , 'vg ' X " W - N. , 4714' I' ,fg j -ya.-.., 5 . Kem Gtnvnr Kem Glover 1 11 7 1 1 1 , . . CRibNOTES Simms is a historical romance that portrays the divisive forces at work in the South Carolina and Georgia backcountry in 1780. "A Most Important Epocha: The Coming of the Revolution in South Carolina" by Robert M. Weir examines the causes of the Revolution, tracing the roots of the American rebellion during the period 1763-1776. jack P. Greene in his "The Nature of Colony Constitutions ",, spotlights the ambiguous relationship of the colonies to the Crown and makes manifest the intense debate that preceded South Carolina's decision to join the American Revolution. "The American Revolution, 1763- 1783: A Bicentennial Collection," edited by Richard B. Morris, covers the major issues and events of the revolution. "The British Occupation of Charleston 1780-1782" and "Charleston's Sons of Liberty: A Study of the Artisans, 1763-1789," a two book collection by Richard Walsh, portrays the city under British military rule. Regional Campus Directors Change Name Designations The chief administrators of the university's Spartanburg and Coastal Carolina campuses were designated vice presidents in early December in view of the institutions' new four- year status. Spartanburg's Dr. Olin B. Sansubury and Coastal's Dr. Edward M. Singleton were known as directors before, when their schools offered only two- and three-year curricula. Coastal has been offering senior-level courses since the fall of 1974, and Spartanburg awarded its first four-year degrees this spring. 256 K' Military Regional Campus Program Increases By 600 The university's Military Regional Campus Program increased by almost 600 enrollees in the two years since its establishment in 1973 by the state's Commission on Higher Education. Courses for credit were offered this year at Fort jackson, Shaw Air Force Base, Charleston Naval Base, Beaufort's Marine Air Station and Recruit Depot at Parris Island, and Myrtle Beach Air Force Base. As part of the Charleston Naval Base's Project Afloat College Education, which conducts classes at sea, Navy personnel in the Mediterranean and Red Seas completed courses for university credit. The program is funded entirely from student fees and federal appropriations. Exams Rescheduled To Assure Football Came Attendance To enable students to attend the Tangerine Bowl Dec. 20, the academic deans approved two last- minute alternatives to the fall exam schedule. Exams on Friday, Dec. 19, were moved from 9 a.m. and 2 p.m. to 8:30 a.m. and 12 noon so that students would have more time to reach Orlando, Fla., the game site. Classes with exams on Dec. 20 were offered the option of voting to reschedule the tests on Reading Day, Dec. 12. A two- thirds majority was needed in each class before the change passed. Provost Keith Davis suggested the alternatives in recognition that the game was Carolina's first bowl in six years. Chemistry Prof Receives 5,130,000 To Study Cancer Chemistry professor R. Bruce Dunlap was awarded a Faculty Research Award grant of S130,850 in November by the American Cancer Society. The grant covers a five year period ending in 1980, during which Dunlap will continue research into certain enzymes which appear in high levels in cancerous cells. He plans also to study the effect of anti-cancer drugs on diseased tissue. Dunlap came to the university in 1971 as the chemistry department's first biochemist, and from 1973 to 1974 was co-principal investigator for a cancer research project which the cancer society also funded. Women Taught Management Function At USC Workshop "Women in Management" was the the of a two-day workshop held at the Unive of South Carolina on Feb. 10-11. Sponsored by the Charles E. Daniel Ce for Management Education, the program will deal with the functions of managem and the increasingly important women a playing in its activities. The workshop is aimed particularly to supervisors and executives who want to sharpen their management skills and lea more about the job of "being boss." Sessions were conducted on motivatio leadership, styles, communications, how to delegate authority, career planning, and self-development. Richard Furst and james Black were directors of this program. Insurance Classes Offered Across South Carolina Persons interested in taking Chartered Life Underwriter classes were allowed to at 17 different locations around the state, through the aid of closed circuit television. Cribnotes Students part1c1pat1ng 1n the CLU The course was offered at the USC on ETV program attended classes 1n reg1onal campuses 1n A1ken learmng 1nst1tut1ons near the1r Allendale Beaufort Conway homes and had the opportunlty to Lancaster Spartanburg Sumter and ask questlons on 1nstant talk back Umon and at techn1cal educatlon fac1l1t1es centers at Cheraw Florence Greenv11le Greenwood Orangeburg and Rock H111 and at Anderson College Camden Sen1or Hxgh School and Georgetown Educatlon Center British Lmon Debates The Nov 19 debate between two graduates of England s Oxford Un1vers1ty and two of Carchna s own debate team was b1lled as frtendly d1scuss1on of the tssues surround1ng the Declarat1on of Independence It turned out to be a rather conucal rel1v1ng of the arguments that BX1SISd back then as well as belng a pretty good 1m1tat1on of one of Iohnny Carson s poorer nlghts on the Tomght Show Patr1ck Roche and Iohn VV1ll1HII'1S made USC the 25th stop on the1r tour of Amerlcan un1vers1t1es and lecture halls to debate the statement Resolved that the Declarat1on of Independence was an unwarranted act of treason they d1dn t lose the debate But nelther d1d they clalm to have was no votmg on the lssue by judges or the aud1ence of 481 scored over the two Carohna Students and fHCU1fY members debatlng team members Bob 11111935 the laughs and Smlle Coble and Frampton Toole There Counted 111 Which 0339519 i Englanders mlght have had an edge w1th such hnes as My partner IS a self made man thereby rel1ev1ng God of a terr1ble burden and I d l1ke to talk on sex ton1ght but unfortunately I have to talk on the Declarat1on of Independence The debate sponsored by the Comm1ttee on Internat1ona1 Debate and Dtscusslon tn coordmatton w1th the USC Department of Theatre and Speech and dlrected by Dr Lynn McCauley was chalred by Donald McCartney McCartney 1S a transfer student from the Bahamas a Br1t1sh colony 1tself unt1l f1VG years ago He descrtbed hrmself at the debate as Henry KISSIHQSF for the two groups At the end of the two hour debate the partres ad1ourned to Lace House across from the Governor s MHHSIOD 1n Downtown Columb1a where the accusmg f1nger of the debater was put to the more mutually agree1ng task of holdmg a champagne glass Crlbnotes 257 4 n Q I 1 , : ' a n ' 9 5 I 7 . u . 1 , 1 , n , I . - 2 ' ' I 9 . . , . I ' ! , . If 9 'H Donwhllnsy Roche and Williams claimed that l . , . . . I . . Q o 5 n If 1 1 ' 1 ' 1 , ' - 11 as 1 1 . l 7 ' !! 9 1 ' I Y ! , . . I xl N ' I I-"eu . . Donwnimey ' I- 1 do .Y,U.,,-,,...,,HM5!.1.r.,i W., , .i,', . T .az -V' - 1 ., .. Q..- K, . i iv 'w 24 -4, as ' 1. ecome the universities out off, a consegquent dr onlfne '-s mfijof natur it 5 lf. Said 21 repQ.rtfr0ii1fil1.e 5 Currittuliiinand V- t Program Pfapngihg about tHe'S.'Cf 'I .. Cl3f1?5se prviiffisal. 1 , ,H ' . Mariy of the begtigsttfdentsrvwho ' dolattend USC leave 'after one or two years because: of the lack of a strong intellectual atmosphere and the lack ofa visible commitment to academic excellence at the university, the report states. Establishment of S.C. College as a center for academiciexcellencel has enormous potential for improving the reputation of the university, according to the committee. "The goal of the college is summarized in the type of person we hope to produce in four years," Mould saidfleadersiwho are scholars who have a love of learning and faith in reasofn, geitleniien aim gentlewoman who are-cultured."i ' The proposal has been passed by C "three of the strongeatgcommittees at l 4 ' ' Core Qian 77 out o'f'f120"! the uniyersityn unanirnously. It went" " 10 Seseffqehe -. c J 1.1 ff . iw . . Q , I . fi- 'violin V- ' 'H ' -1 -gs .av , RM'N -1, . vf 4 'iff c 1- r ff 1. ss 63 E ., .Q 'Q A -5 ', '. 1- if 'L A A :J.gDecemhgr mee .lf the Scanat ,s -pa5semhel.propos'al,1it wouldfthenf j issues as Higtisigi. Bbardis gffTti:g7tees andsthen to 'W Adm Q 2 Ft- , 9 3 5.15 A ?vT??H5i V3llEGHOt'0hly to. people "- " . invol-,Z-g to those not ' involved. Itrcamti -serve as an intelleelrual 'dynamo where everybody goes to have their ,batteries recharged, a hub which will Clffgldiate outward into the university and the comi'fninity," Mould said. . "There"s no place with quite what we have in germinationfi he said. 'Phe University of Kansas stresses a classical humanist approach, although the students are picked randomly. "God knows who's going to be in theclass, and so you don't know what level to teach at," Mould said. At Virginia, the Echoles scholars all live together. "This gives it a cloistered quality, that breeds a lcertainramount of hostility on campus and breeds a sort of ' intellectual incestf' Mould said. To keep S.C. College from "turning into an ivory tower, an academic roost," Mould hopes to provide a H place for "casual intellectual exchange" for the entire university I communityvvit-hin the college. ' . Mould said a student who bel to the program will not be isolatt from t e rest of the university hours will be taken througME"""r college, rneagfiing that a balance of honors and non-honors courses will be taken. Also, the colleges ' . . 15 ml.l,1g ' composedlof about 60 per cent A .honors students and 40,per cent non- , , .,. . .. , .v ..l.'-.. hQD01'S5l2d9HtS:. L ' "Youcan have a line distinguishing one sroup Of people 'from another without having isolation, and that is what we are aiming for," Mould said. "A university was once 'defined as zrcyjimunity of scholars, buidin a 'R All I. ,. t 'vu place a's large as USC, there is no sense of community," Moulgl said. "Sub-dornmunities sprout up, but L 'there is no ihtellectual community .f'f::X5l. T -K ' . X T 11.15 TT fi fi- 'Eggs -' Tw- Q-. ' T L' , . 14 I X ' . GLW TT yn? -T T l T -. Q T T ,T - T J ' 'M' 9 V f 0 . X - . ,t y , , . 'L T . T. .STI T . . .- ' "ful "The Ivlonorslfijogram as it existsvw raqt is for thestudent was ,XXr1T0P0Sf2d 'nl now isXain1isnomer.'There is no X l ma Xrzi' X X, dijondlghiberal gag 1 XC, X igftqg rnLT There is no Tdirection. It's1X , . ig XT 1 , istffraQtTwou1d. Tl3togethXer wilQ11nilly,"fMould fthours-T The co T XG. :Q J said. Accofi-ling tdllklpuld, the X i lilfirdlrtrladkfis aTl egree, 5 , X gain isi1Q!B,e11ttlyTdQQ9f1gi,Bgt!on t rglepaiitnifs Tfgr its courses ' ther,TtlQHiTp.llle'q'o1,Xpu.t thgelther an Tependelnf, unified program. In other w0r.Cls,Vit5's hard ltol control -.TT Another obj ection 'to fthe' Honors l3rO8Di-lm that Mould thinks can be solvedtwitqh the S.C. College, is that preintly the program offers little to , the upperclassmen. Under the S.C. College, ,pro-seminars, especially interdisciplinary pro-seminars will bestrongly emphasized. In these pro-seminars, a particular problem will be examined in-depth through research and intellectual exchange. The S.C. College will provide a common intellectual foundation for the 500 toT800 students in the programto build on in later courses so that repetition will be avoided. The collegelwill also provide for faculty unity in academic planning ,and direction, Mould said. "What happens to the future of this state happenstome and my family. T at's why I feel so strongly about 't, is said. 'This' college l erve the good students by giving them more good stuff, and to serve the university and the state of South Carolina, by, l 'linteiidiscipinaryiibrgirralor, for esiring a brtid X egt'lucatit'5n,X.sogietirftEsfytQith a view of ahending law or gradifate school. A totalof 77 11O.l1rs'JWotulcl be , T' 'A T accumulated in the college underi l this track. l The program o track is fairly rigid, Mould said, in T 'T .V fclasses for each . ,..,' order to. attain a broad educational T TT base in accordan the college. ce witli the goals of V l it T The committee's suggested criteria for admission is a minimum SAT cumulative score of 1250, with no lower than 600 on eithei the verbal ormath sectionsg a highl school rank Tin the top 10 percentg and a brief autobiographical essay. The problem is inconvincing the university administratidn that the S.C. College is w Mould felt was Although no exa released,' there would be a budgetary increase of from "I have received marwy responses toward the program., orth the cost, which . y ...X ,X . 'xii' T .ST ilrTa1T-WRT.-,p T ., .. 5 ld T 5 . TT X XXX T, , T. Y T Ts' Te ' by f' T' , T ,T , , W,-A - l T. l 33: .. X l . "not too expensive." - ct figure was 550.000 to s60,o the fac ,T y is extremelylloyal ityb' 'av ilno.,idea if the, Twill Mouldlsaid. 1 Nttenaing to.. etaintlieirTfu11ure,le,aders T' M l " qv'-1 Xl XV 'T ET 'TT,5-11555 f0DtS!.QT fl College to be located in the tl 'V " .. difficulties, which Mpulddid not M Wish ttiniiike imibliTt:'g.ihe sfttlewlias TW - T T nl T ?'Qi3fem66'. , ji XT-gm "'TTl., fr-TFor themoment, the college plans tolocate in Nada Apartments and the present Early Childhood Development center next door. A The programs in S.C. College are . x l -WT -Q-X divided into three tracks. Track one l T 5 A T, is devised for thelstudentinaioring in , f X .,, ,, l prgprofessganal-work sucfh as, in 'bug 4 X Tx g " , . ' ' . . N . engineeitiiigibusiness 'ti' T, ,- T ' ,T. li, ln, 'T - T 5' .. , . ' . ' METUT T Ts T T W 4- , T T T at 1, , T T adm1nT1Strat1Qnxe.d,neanon, or . " . - w , , -. if 2 T , . pharmagy. Thfsttrackiwguld leacl'i'6 a l l 1 Ts X XXX ,K X- T- , t- total of 44 howrggn the Ebrtege. , ., " A Ti , A , i T T., T- T .VT " :T - . T T' ,T T- , , ., 5 , :Q X- 5 X' X - ,I , T-1,5 XX i X Honors College , T N ' ' Q T fm T " 259 , ' c, l l , l XX ,,-1 V' avi' XX , X - . X XX - :T X l T. Ll M I, :IX X-X , n i'XX " . ,' qv "' Sh T' 'T' 'T 55 . Xf' I '- nv-. 'TT "" .-gl" T'T' T Tun, T l iTT " TT Tl C, as A '- Tx ,NL 'Pt glJ'!fl.QfQA -AQ 4' .a .... 4!S.gnTi-an N IIN ERE. AREN'T you scmuscl ?l The "Big F" is now here. No longer can it be said that a person can flunk out of USC with a 4.0 GPR. And no longer is just ignoring a course for the last month of a semester an escape from the otherwise inevitable "C" that could ruin an otherwise unblemished semester. And no longer is there a gap between the 2.0 and the 0.0 - that gap is now filled with the essentially useless UD." After years of fighting to get the NC fno creditl grading system and another few years of complaints about it, Carolina is back on the old standard ABCDF grading system. This fact did not really become apparent until the end of the fall semester when final grades were posted on bulletin boards and door jams across the university. Even the midterm audit of classes that each student received had a notation that due to the translation process still in progress at the time, the GPR usually listed on the audits was omitted. Once the fact did hit home, though, there were a lot of shocked faces and muffled cries of pain. It was evident that USC's national standing on the basis of average grades was going to fall. But the question remained whether the switch-over would really produce any of the ' great changes as it was billed to do when it was first proposed. Was it really altering study habits at USC or was the "F" simply an idle threat? By Karl Bartholomew USC Academe sent photograph Karl Bartholomew onto the campus' sidewalks to find out some individual attitudes. These four pages are filled with pictures and answers to two questions: Q1 - Does the new ABCDF grading system cause you to study any more than you did under the old NC grading system and why? Q2 - Do you worry about your GPR any more under the ABCDF grading system than under the NC grading system and why? Not everybody that answered could say why to these questions because most of them simply had not thought about the situation much. The people interviewed are a rough cross section of all the classes and majors although some areas may have been missed because Bartholomew simply would stand in somebody's path until they answered the question or pushed him out of the way. In short, although the symposium is not scientific, the answers are interesting and reveal a general lack of concern about "D's," "F's" and studying. BI' Kitty Metheny Senior Philosophy Q1 "The new grading system doesn't cause me to study any more than the old one did." Q2 "I do worry about my GPR a little more, because professors, say you happen to hang between a C or D, might be more likely to give you a D or something worse. I know with the NC system they would just probably give you a C." Marcus Siegel Iunior Biology Q1 "The new grading system doesn't cause me to study any more. I never got an 250 Symposium NC anyhow." Q2 "I don't really worry about my GPR any more than I did. I worry about it a lot anyhow. That's why I never got an N C." Christie Clemmons Iunior Biology Q1 "No, it just doesn't because I study the same anyway." Q2 "No, I worry about the same." Kathy Layden Senior journalism Q1 "The new grading system doesn't really cause me to study any more, it just makes me think more about the consequences of what will happen if I don't study. But it doesn't make me study any more." Q2 "Not really, it just makes me wish that if I were going to flunk a course I would have flunked the past 3 years, instead of this year." Symposium Iames T. Thomas Iunior Pharmacy Q1 "Yeah, a little bit more because we've lost points actually, because the C is now a 75 where it was a 70 and Pharmacy does not accept a D. So it doesn't do you any good." Q2 "No, you still have to make a C, no matter what." Bob Whittaker 3rd year Law "I don't approve of the NC system, I condone and approve heartily of the ABCDF system." Lynn Walker Sophomore Public Relations and Advertising "I don't think I study any more under the new system and I don't like it because I feel like you can get a D or an F under this system and it will count against your GPR whereas you could have a bad professor or bad semester and wish you could take it again the next semester and probably make a better grade." It. Mike Moss Senior Psychology Q1 "No, not really, because I would study just as much anyway. Really, it helps some people. It could even help me, because you have the D, which in some courses really helps if you are having a hard time. The D would help. But as far as overall studying, -no, it would not help much." Q2 "Again, no, because I'll be studying the same amount. is Tom Hopkins Iunior Philosophy Q1 "No, I never really studied to begin with." Q2 "Yes, because nowl can get D's and F's instead of just an NC, although I have not gotten an NC yet." Robert Kellner Iunior Biology Q1 "It's not really causing me to study more. I'm studying more because I'm taking harder courses, but not necessarily because of the new grading system at all." Q2 "I'm worried about my GPR a little more because of the 1.0. When you get a D, the 1.0 figures in, whereas the NC didn't figure in at all." ,S il EL' 3' -'a:..::f "'.',2':"l! 1.15: . f,P..1 .T y.1.:.'2:'jf.-j?g,":gQ , ' ,.- . 2, Lg' 3-' 'j.'j,:g: :. ffl ' ' - , 1,32 -.-1:55133 1 Q - f 1 ,, " "ff1'1?fE.' v , , ir . - ' ' ' . 1 IM. , - -T PE' ijxf.. lisa' fi .f A 5.11, 'Q I ,V Y , NE, I 8 'I H.. , . , 'f!'1iii.,' la- V154 2' 1 ,Q .N ,am f .iff rf 'Tw' f vi. - ' U . fl: 6 , fm . 9 .' 'f' Q 1 'Q ' , ,Q f. ,132 1 Mb, .. I! I 5 'iff -qflfif I - .-V! A QI A ..Q.7- , 4i..'. -:Re-'ffitaffbf , 31 FD 5 W I gif? If Q X N B Barry Rhodes Iunior journalism Q1 "No, the new grading system really doesn't cause me to study more. Actually grades don't mean that much to me. It's what I get out of the course." Q2 "As far as my GPR is concerned, no, I don't worry about it at all, I don't really see where this new grading system will affect it that much. As I stated earlier, I'm really not crazy over grades. I take my courses for the knowledge. It's just what I get out of them." 262 Scott Copeland Sophomore Marketing "I think I study more in the new ABCDF system than the NC system because I think it is a lot more important because if you make an F, it hurts your GPR and if you made an NC, it didn't hurt your GPR." Avery Iones junior Engineering Q1 "No, I don't think it does." Q2 "No, I don't think it does." Gretchen Stokes Iunior Psychology Q1 "Yeah, probably. I guess there was always that security to fall back on an NC. I never really worried about it. I didn't want to have to repeat my grade. I didn't want to get an NC, but I guess there was always that security that it wouldn't show up on my GPR ifl did get an NC." Q2 "Well, personally, no. I can see where people would. I was under a lot of pressure last year as a pre-med student and in pre-med you just don't get C's. That is verboten. That's one of the reasons I got out. But I could see where people would, because it will lower your standing. I think the NC was just for athletes, because they could always fall back on since they have to have a certain GPR to be able to play. They counted on getting nothing more or less than a 2.0 average. I think if you set a certain standard, where it's really a tragedy to get a C, then you are not going to worry about changing. The thing I really like is the idea of B's or C's, the 3.5 or 2.5, and D's, too. I always thought it was sort of unfair to get a high B and not have it averaged as such, having it averaged as just a regular old flat B. I guess on the whole I like the ABCDF system. I think it works better for everyone." Uiiliq Elizabeth Dickson Senior Religion "The system doesn't bother me, because, thank heavens, I have good grades. I think for most students it will probably hurt them more than help them, in that you Symposium don't have a chance to make it up after you get through. I don't worry about my GPR that much, though I can see how others would." Bill Hannum Senior Sociology Q1 "Oh, yes, because it includes the possibility of a D or F, where as before it was an NC, and it wouldn't affect your GPR." Q2 "A little, but not significantly, because I still think this is a party school." Katherine Skerl Iunior Biology Q1 "Yeah, it does. It sort of causes some problems, like if you don't think if you can NC this course, you are not going to take it next semester, but now you have to consider the D's and the F's and they go down. It is just a little bit more - well, it does cause a lot more studying while other schools consider the NC an F when they look at it for transfers. But the D and F just looks bad when the parents get it." Symposium Q2 "Yes, very much so. Like for upper level classes, it's just you have to worry a lot now because an F really makes your GPR look worse." Wayne Hall Sophomore Engineering Q1 "I am not going to study but so much anyway. I mean, it doesn't matter which way the grades go." Q2 "Oh, yes, well like before, you know, if you didn't get above a C, you couldn't get below a 2.0. If you passed half your courses and stayed in, as it is now, you can drop below a 2.0. But I don't worry about that anyway, because I don't plan on doing lousier than a G." Dave Oberly Graduate Math Q1 "No, in graduate school, there's no difference, a C is the same as an F in graduate school, so it doesn't matter there." Q2 "No, because, like I said, it doesn't matter in graduate school." Billy Shoemaker Louisville, Kentucky Iournalism "I was walking along with a straight A average because anytime I thought I was going to get a B or C I would drop the course at drop date. This new system is just a total bias against the student. I'm going to file a suit in federal court tomorrow iso my lawyers told me last nightj. Pure discrimination, outright. I can only say that I've attempted 30 hours here, I've passed one course with an A, so I have a 4.0 average, but it looks like with this new ruling I might dip down to a 3 something." Richard Dukes Iunior Business Administration Q1 "It really hasn't changed my studying habits that much, it's pretty much studying to the amount of work you do and not worrying about an F or D." Q2 "I worry about it some, for an NC would not have been averaged in, but in the new system it will." f H- 11 1 11111 11 121 11' N W 1 5 "1" N ,11 1 1 1 1 'F r 11 1 'H Q' M 11'M , 11 '1' f- 11fv1.,.., 11 ' " qu U11 If '1-N -- 1 111 1 ,1,.!.U1 1. .X 1111 ,.11.1 , ' 1 1 1 11 'm,,,,1 'u1, 'S 1 , . J. " 1 11 11 11 11 f- 1 1,3 1. X " ' I1 -,1-141' 6.1441 X J-1 1 1 - . 11 ,rf J 1,11 1. , "' 1. M ' . , .11 114: -11 1' 'Q 1 '1 v , E 1 ... . 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The two senior institutions, Clemson University and the University of South Carolina, should each focus primarily, at all degree levels, on improving the quality of their existing programs, especially at the post- baccalaureate level. Elsewhere in this report fChapter ID it is recommended that both stiffen entrance requirements to a significant degree. This would help to insure that instruction at the undergraduate level could be carried out at a more sophisticated level, and that the primary focus of both institutions could move from any emphasis on numbers of students served to the proper emphasis reserved to the university: to its graduate, research, and public service functions. This is not to say that either institution should abandon undergraduate programs entirely, even at the lower division ffreshman and sophomore classesj ofthe undergraduate colleges within the universities. On the contrary, the universities should be expected to take the lead in developing, testing, and demonstrating innovative practices in undergraduate education which should be applicable to other units in the state system which exist primarily to serve the undergraduate population. Clemson University, as the land-grant university of the state, should continue to build on its established strengths in the technically-oriented areas. Its gradu and professional programs should continue to emphasize this orientation, especially in engineering Cand the physical and mathematical sciences as required to undergird this effortl, in textile sciences, ' architecture and in the agricultural sciences fand the biological sciences as required to undergird this effo A proliferation of graduate programs in the social sciences, the humanities, and education should not b offered except as required to meet specific state or lo needs. The University of South Carolina should take the lead in graduate and professional programs in the art and sciences, in business, law and education. Include in the arts and sciences would be the social sciences, the humanities and foreign languages, and the physic biological, and mathematical basic sciences. It can be presumed that either university's I undergraduate programs should be sufficiently complete and well rounded, with natural emphasis stemming from its special areas of graduate education and research, and public service. The Medical University should retain its focus sharply on the healing arts, as a health-related institution. Programs for the training of physicians an dentists must remain central to this institution's mission: those for training nurses and established and emerging specialties in the allied health professions should be emphasized. USC Academic Planning offi- cer, Dr. Paul Fidler. 266 KsrlBlrlh0lomew Academic Planning Comment AcAdE By Dr Wllllam A Mould, Honors Program Director Over the elght years that I have been at USC I have seen a Vaflely varymg results Cambod1a and Kent State NC s and Saturday classes Green Street and G1bbes Green have ag1tated students faculty and adm1n1strat1on But whenever these three groups gather to dlscuss major problems facmg the un1vers1ty one s1ngle concern reoccurs wlth depresslng regular1ty the madequate 1ntellectual atmosphere on the USC campus A recent survey conducted by the 0ff1ce of Student Affa1rs shows that many top students do not come to USC prec1sely because they sense the lack of such a s1tuat1on and many others who do attend USC leave after one or two years for more 1ntellectually st1mulat1ng campuses Because the problem IS 1tself rather nebulous httle has been done to lmprove the s1tuat1on Yet the need for an atmosphere wh1ch would foster the l1fe of the m1nd 1S perhaps the most serlous problem facmg the Carolma commun1ty for 1t has the most d1rect effect on the campus and eventually on the entlre state A proper lntellectual atmosphere fosters the act1ve exchange of 1deas outslde of the classroom, 1t creates an amblance where the values of the var1ous d1sc1pl1nes are dlscussed and pract1ced. It creates a true Comment IC NEM ITY X?7'YE' lu NIVFRS X K in Q as K, N sax lil SM IA This drawing taken from a Garnet 8: Black yearbook of over 45 years ago depucts ndeallstlcally the role Carolma IS to play Dr Mould doesn t feel the present environment at USC IS sultable to meet above average student 11 EW' 5 7 Q pw dir: ig commun1ty of scholars where all are learners and all are teachers Th1s IS a very speclalsfunctlon of the academy perhaps 1ts most lmportant functlon Its requlrements are few students and faculty who are w1ll1ng and able to engage 1n th1s exchange a place where lt can happen and the t1me to engage 1n It Yet USC does not lack exc1t1ng act1v1t1es 1n adequate f3C1l1l1GS The Hunt1ngton Gallery sponsors a constant SGIIGS of lnterestmg expos1t1ons the Mus1c Department puts on at least two or three rec1tals a week almost all departments sponsor colloqula and conferences w1th outstandmg guests from around the world the USC f1lm program IS one of the best 1n the country There IS a large number of mterest groups on campus wh1ch answer the needs of almost anyone There are at least two corners of the campus where students and faculty can gather 1nformally the I-Iumamtles Cafe and the new Honors Lounge. Campus personnel 1nclude some extraord1nar1ly f1ne mlnds, both among the faculty i 1 u Z I O , . . ' ' ,-,rx,"',-.'?m,-.1-,.f.a.. ' -- S' 51,-3 .w'1.v.1t: -ffggmt-y .tm . M .Y . vac- , - 1 1 o o 1,a1QLi,l,.ti-,Wfw...5..,,xt I . . 1. mix .1 I-.,,V,, 1 , . X ,Htl "1-...Jia Q ' Q. 1. , ' ,.,N3:-' . , 4 1: - --3, M" ,f. , , , ' y ' Nail',,11M.,.-a.f1f5X- K L QW.-1-,'gi'l" I A V' . . . . 51lXi91'.l". N'-xtlk'llWt"i1f -av e 'N Q5 'l' A W1 5 " " NXQNSZ'ixlW13'Vz,2l1QN ,I tts -- ' ' . ,H-lyk . '5ld.Tl5"l"ft: l Glas if- lv I ' ' I ,J 11 .. K . fitltfs -. . '--:wx ' 1' . .Y " 1 ' V -1 5 - yiffiqtqafir 1 few ja t t - - zsiifrllh-3 , V f "ff: ' X , . . of concerns perturb the campus, with ' thls goal' espeually for the rf---:sh . 4- t7q.,.a'.'-4 - - .-.NQQNNQ taxa -QM A . .pqaw -X xx Q x E -5- V X 'x 30 al' ' .1 :lt9I"QRQ.' ist- A1 NZ. ' lk 1 w eu w. inn - g N, "' N , '-.ur , f 1 X, aa - - QSQJN A gtg-,if 'A' 1.-1 gs XX ' ' lt-Q-1' X Ziff' S'-bl mg ci 1--. xx V e :ww-r 1.9 l-..g, L',g,:f-A. - ti me-'Lai 1 'c ' 1 :Se , digs, Q' bt " AV . . . I ' 1 "5 wir., w . -igglfrxll .' 4'- ' qt? . tv .. 1. lf . " X ' m -a fs ri. ' 1r "q.i'1 C 1' 42 ' l 5. Sag, It-E , ' v V. ',,,,xvurl.m,!j:,, ' 1,5 9- gyirg 55,14 ' 'v- '- ' . 1 Jlr-2"l:. fe-1' 1 .-f" -'q,,, 'ww . - , , "'- '- '1fa5 ..,fgf 1- . 'sw 4-2' T I Y . . . . . . 7 1 . 1 . . ' , ' . 1 . . . ' A 9 ' 1 . . ' 1 I I 1 9 5 . 7 1 . . . . . . . . I I 0 u A . . . . . 9 . . ' . 5 9 . . . I I ' I . . . . . . s . , . 9 1 . . Dr. William A. Mould is completing his last year as Honors Director this -A year. He will return to teaching French. 1-lifl and the students. Last year, a computer survey showed that there were 1837 undergraduates on the main campus with GPR's in excess of 3.2. What is lacking, then, is not the raw material for a healthy intellectual life, but the opportunity to bring these disparate elements together in an active, lively, ongoing exchange. There are not enough gathering places like the Humanities Cafe, where students and faculty sit down informally for a cup of coffee or a Coke and some relaxed, unguided conversation. There should be other such centers located on the Horseshoe, near the Physical Sciences Center, and elsewhere. While colloquia and lectures are frequent, attendance is generally terrible. A recent talk by a world-renowned authority, a man as witty as he is knowledgeable, garnered about fifty listeners. Most deplorable was the fact that only six of the 121 faculty members of the two sponsoring departments bothered to attend. With such disinterest among the faculty, how can the students be expected to demonstrate enthusiasm? The current employment situation is probably partially to blameg students are naturally most interested in what will help them on the job market when they graduate, and faculty are concerned with solidifying their departmental positions in the struggle for tenure and promotion. The development of a genuine intellectual atmosphere requires the leisure to contemplate, investigate, pursue avenues which may lead nowhereg it 268 requires not only the time for such activity, but also the intellectual relaxation to pursue it without feeling that it is a waste of time. How then do we create a situation which will foster that atmosphere which identifies a true university? We establish more places where it can growg we follow a lecture with a casual coffee hourg we humanize the architecture and landscaping of the campus, creating a mix of office, classroom, dormitory and conversational areas, instead of segregating the four domains as if they had nothing to do with each other. We establish an organized series of lectures, by insiders and visitors, centered around stimulating topics of general intellectual interest. We accord scholarly achievement, by students and faculty alike, the same importance as campus politics and sports. Publicity of intellectually oriented events should be coordinated through a single office, in part so that the outside community will become aware of what is happening on campus. Improving the intellectual atmosphere at USC is not just something it would be nice to do when we have the timeg it is essential to the survival of the institution as a center of learning, where everyone is encouraged to think, act, and communicate. The establishment of USC as a focus of intellectual activity will , attract and keep better students, will improve the lot of all students, will help to keep the top faculty, and will truly create, as one of the university's mottos states, "a faithful index to the ambitions and fortunes of the state." lt is the last and best hope for serving the individuals associated with the school, and for bettering the life of the entire state. Comment whAT'S iqqm I1AN A Colleqe UT Swmllen T AN A Nivensir - ummviries Soci l Sciewces Humanities and Social Sciences Upon their return to school inthe fall, students were greeted with a newly-formed college, the College of Humanities and Social Sciences under Chester W. Bain, acting dean. Created by the merger of the College of Arts and Letters and the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences, its origins date back to 1972. At that time, the old college of Arts and Sciences was divided into three new colleges: Arts and Letters, Social and Behavioral Sciences, and Science and Mathematics. In the spring of 1975, during which time a year-long study was completed, the deans of the two colleges left the university and a merger was decided upon. One reason for consolidation was the fact that higher education in general was experiencing financial difficulties. By combining the two administrations into one, it would save money. Although it is too early to estimate the effect of the creation of a new college on the individual departments, most faculty have accepted it and do not feel that it will seriously affect the departments. However, the Department of Psychology was generally not in favor ofthe action at the time since there would probably l be no advantages. In the Department of Geology, for example, there was the general attitude that a small department is able to receive more attention from the dean in a smaller college. This is one of the probable effects of the merger, since the dean will have to divide his time among more areas. There is also an increase in the number of items that comes through the dean's office, but, according to Bain, there have been no complaints so far. The merger had no effect on degree requirements, and there have been no problems as far as student records and advisement are concerned. It may, in fact, help students 269 in a minor way by creating less confusion over which dean's approval is needed for something. The major effect of consolidation is in administrative duties. In addition to saving money, it will save time and increase efficiency. Another benefit is that there is a wider exchange of ideas at the regular meetings of department heads due to the increase in number and variety. The fact that the new college covers such a large area physically over the campus was not expected to be a hindrance. Previously both the Colleges of Arts and Letters and Social and Behavioral Sciences had experienced this lack of physical cohesion, and this aspect has not changed with this merger. In the individual departments there were several general directions: building up the program, serving students' interests, participating in areas outside the department, and improving quality. Info Survloil Flinn Hall The Department of Aerospace Studies KAFROTCJ is trying 270 to gradually build the program to include 200 students. One way this will be done is by recruiting on campus. Cadets will talk to incoming freshmen at registration and answer their questions. The AFROTC encourages all students to join, including women, who now number 12 in the program. More scholarships are being offered, and a trial semester has been developed in which undecided students may participate without conforming to uniform and hair-length standards. ' Although the main purpose of the Navy ROTC program is to train officers and to teach the basics, the Department of Naval Sciences also considers itself as an integral part of the university. Some of the faculty teach in other areas and are involved in other ways such as serving on various faculty committees. The department is also interested in academics and in meeting the standards of the university. Sloan College In the area of serving student interests, the Department of Art offered a course on the history of interiors as a direct result of students' inquiries. Also as a result of student need, more criticism courses have been added in art education. mpc Ilof Hamilton College In the new Department of Anthropology, there was an emphasis on developing the program so that it would be more attractive to undergraduate students. This was partially done by instituting a senior thesis and developing a group of courses dealing with ethnographic films. One of the important ways in which the Department of Sociology tried to serve student needs as well as building its program was by establishing a PhD degree. Also, a small lab facility using such equipment as cameras and recorders was in operation for training in teaching social psychology. Needs of students are continually in focus by having student representatives in faculty meetings and committees. Inlo SUMO Currell College The Department of History is reorganizing the curriculum to eliminate courses that are not meeting the needs of students and are adding ones that do, such as more courses in colonial Humanities and Social Sciences American and Southern history. It is also increasing the use of audio-visual materials and is building a library of tapes and slides. The history department is also involved in interdisciplinary efforts, and, for example, provides histories of various occupations. One of these courses concerns medicines and eventually a history course will be offered in conjunction with the criminal justice program. Barnwell College lnI0 Sorvvcos The Department of Psychology met student needs and interests in several ways. It participates on a regular basis with the Honors Program by offering honors courses each semester. Other innovations are in the self-paced introductory courses and another using television. There is also an undergraduate technical degree that trains students for particular jobs through practical experience. The department is also moving toward more interdisciplinary activity. One of these programs is concerned with alcohol and other abuses, which is operated in cooperation with Pharmacy and Law Schools. Inlu Sofvwlos ,Humanities There is a similar effort in the Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures to improve its program to fit the needs of students both as a profession in itself and in other fields. One way of meeting student needs was through involvement outside the department. For example, in cooperation with the English Department, the Foreign Languages and Literatures Department conducted the Comparative Literature program. It also worked closely with the College of Business Administration in the Master of International Business Studies, with faculty members teaching intensive courses in language and culture to acclimate students to other countries. The department also has the Iunior Year Abroad program and the USC center in Limoges, France, which the department hopes to expand to include centers in other nations. Another function of the department is to work closely with foreign students at the university. The Department of Philosophy planned to do more with other areas and programs of the university. In cooperation with the Criminal justice Program, a course in the philosophy of moral and ethical issues in justice was offered for graduates in criminal justice. Also planned was a course exploring the field of medical ethics. Emphasis on quality was an aspect also of the Department of English since it was the only quality-ranked department. This year there was the addition to the faculty of William Price Fox, a well-known writer, who taught courses in novel- and script-writing. One of the special multidisciplinary programs in the College is Classical Studies. It is a program for the dedicated student in which classical languages are studied as well as art, comparative literature, philosophy, religion and history. Another opportunity for students to receive a multidisciplinary degree is through the Latin American Studies. It is based upon the concept that to really understand a culture, more knowledge than that of the language is required. Students, with advisement, have the freedom to choose complementary courses in areas like political science, geography, anthropology and history according to their interests. -,va Rutledge College Also associated with interdisciplinary cooperation is the Department of Religious Studies. Formerly called the Department of Religion, one of the reasons for this change reflects the wide range of approaches taken by the department. These different approaches involve areas such as literature, philosophy and culture, and are evidenced for example, in the four varied introductory courses offered. . The department also plans to develop interdisciplinary relationships with other departments because of these different approaches to religious studies and because it is involved in the general cultural education of students. Humanities and Social Sciences 271 KID Cullsv B. T. Washington In the Department of Theatre and Speech there is an effort toward more involvement in the Carolina Community by increasing activities in theatre production and speech events. Among these are the touring Reader's Theatre, British Union Debates and the summer repertory theatre where students and theatre personalities from the Columbia area produce plays for USC students and the Columbia community. Other involvement outside the department includes cooperation with the Sichool of Health and Physical Education in a new dance program which gives students the opportunity to take more varied coiu'ses. lnlu Callcott Building In the Department of Geography there is emphasis on helping the community. Importance is placed on applied geography, especially in the Master's Program. One of the focuses is land-use planning and the necessity of planning at state, regional and local levels. Students are trained to go into planning- related jobs. 272 Sofvicu The Department of Government and International Studies also strived to play an A important role in the community, particularly through the Master's in Public Administration program. With growth in interaction between federal and local governments, better quality government at the local level is required. This quality could be partially achieved by better education of USC students in public administration. Another aim of the GINT department was towards excellence, primarily by developing into the best teaching department. M ll ma i igmill ' ... , . a .il Hill ,til l .1 N: ' ' Q5 fT'wrf-',+ , F f?i-lf+lUH if "ML lil 'pgr' McMaster College Onefof the departments that offers programs more visible to students is the Department of Music. Students may participate in such organizations as the Marching Band, Concert Band, Concert Choir and Oratorio Choir. Other groups such as the jazz ensembles and the pop ensembles, "Carolina Alive" and "Radiant Vibrations" also through their performances give the Carolina community an opportunity to know some of what is happening in the music department. Info Sefvicol B. A. College The Department of Economics under the College of Humanities and Social Sciences offers students a degree in economics with a liberal arts education. The department, however, is administered by the College of Business Administration and is under its faculty. Despite a lack of cohesiveness and common ground among the departments of the College of Humanities and Social Sciences, each is stretching beyond the limits of its own discipline to meet the needs of the students and of the community. Humanities and Social Sciences Law School A a po'ysger,pIay that flaC1iIt3?.and Stlidehts, anfii iif theLaw G may'- overthe-fact thatthe i V .Ass ociation KABAJ i ac ere ditatgion. d. A1so..tWo of the 14 affectedtyvere 'sons of U,S. Sen. Ernest F.fIjIoHings, D-SC,iand state Sen. Edward E.. Sa1eeby,tD-Darlington. Ho11ing's son, however, was one df three' students who chose not to attend the law school. is Immediately after the Bo'ard'S action was announced, the-Law ,Center faculty agreed not to the 14.4students.'d papers ina counter- ipower play. Law students generated a petition around 'thelaw school demanding the'Board to rescind its decision. . - The Board lowered. the entrance requirements after,Sa1eeby claimed .the grading procedure of theLaw Center was compromised add his son's papers weretfgraded unfairly I .because his son's professors were biased against hisipolitical activity. When Law Center .Dean Robert W. Foster learned in August that some Pnnlasby Don Whitney 5 273 I af students were petitioning the Board of Trustees about their SPAT grades, he referred the matter to the Academic Standing Committee KASCD. After the committee met with the petitioners and the three professors involved in the SPAT Program, the committee concluded that the students' papers were graded anonymously. However, in its report, the ASC said that those students with between a 1.66, or in other words two "C's" and one "D," and a 2.0 GPR in the SPAT Program should be granted some measure of relief. The relief was to be in the form of admission to the 1976 SPAT Program. The 1.66 GPR cut-off level originated by the ASC was adopted by the Board in making its September decision. After the Board had admitted the students, Dean Foster reiterated the findings of the ASC, saying, "None of the three SPAT professors knew the identity of any student whose examination paper was being graded until after the grading process had been completed. "While there is no law school rule requiring faculty members to grade examination papers anonymously, all examinations in the 1975 program were graded anonymously and in accordance with the existing Law Center policy and practice." Foster spoke to a crowded law auditorium during the monthly Speaker's Hour in September, and assured the law students that they would be able to take out-of-state bar examinations even if the Law Center lost its ABA accreditation. He said that provided the Law Center had been accredited at one time or another during a student's enrollment at the law school, the student would be able to take out-of- state bar examinations. Nearly two weeks after admitting the 14 students, the Board of Trustees met to discuss the controversy and decided to allow the students to remain in the law school, but with some stipulations. Their resolution read, "The Board of Trustees directs that the 14 students, identified by the Law School as being entitled to a measure of relief, be continued as probationary students in the Law School for the current fall term, at the end of which period the Law School itself will determine their fitness to continue as law students. "ln the meanwhile, however, because of the Board's longstanding concern for the accreditation of the University, including its Law School, should their probationary status in the Law School be determined by an appropriate accrediting agency to jeopardize the Law School's accreditation, the Board requested the President to arrange for their withdrawal at that time and the repayment of fees paid by them. "In such an event, he is further asked to arrange for the Law School to provide them a testing program - either in the form of the 1976 SPAT Program or, if this program should not be offered by the Law School, some comparable trial or testing program to determine if they are eligible for admission to the Law School in the 1976-77 fall term." Despite this resolution by the Board, Dean Foster indicated that the law faculty would still refuse to grade the 11 students' papers, whether at the end of the 1975 fall semester, or, if the students were forced to withdraw, at the end of the 1976 SPAT Program. The day after the Board's revised decision, the Law Center Steering Committee passed a resolution of its own, calling for an immediate investigation by the ABA into the admission of the 14 students. The request was addressed to Professor Iames T. White of Indiana University, who is the ABA's consultant for legal education. By mid-October, the storm of controversy was abating for the moment to rage again after the American Bar Association made its ruling on the accreditation of the Law Center. Regardless of the ABA's ruling, though, a showdown between the law faculty and the Board of Trustees seemed inevitable. 274 Law School The ABA sent a four-man fact- finding team in early October to USC to investigate the Law Center controversy. The four men, one lawyer and three professors of law from different schools spent the day on campus talking with various USC officials to ascertain the details of the situation. They then forwarded their report to Iames T. VVhite of Indiana University and the consultant of the 19-member committee of the Council of the Section of Legal Education and Admission to the Bar of the American Bar Association. Within three weeks Foster received a letter from the Council indicating that the Council had concluded that the Board of Trustees action of September 2 was a violation of ABA standards and that the status of the 11 students attending the fall session would be up to the law school faculty. The resolution of the Council read, in part, that "continued enrollment of the students whose admission to the Law Center gave rise to the questions concerning the Trustee's resolution of September 2, 1975, be left to the judgement and determination of the Dean and Faculty of the University of South Carolina Law Center." The next day, the law school faculty met in closed door session to decide the status of the 11 students and, not surprisingly, voted to have the students removed from the freshman class. As Law School and the ABA president of the university, Patterson was responsible for writing each of the 11 a letter informing them formally of the law faculty's decision. The 11 students were refunded the entire amount of tuition they had paid for the semester. Karl Smith, Edward Saleeby, Ir., and two others affected by the faculty's resolution originally stated they intended to take legal action against the law school should they be removed: however, they later decided not to take any action. Their reason for considering legal action concerned their allegation that E. Montgomery was in the law school file room matching social security numbers onthe cover sheets of SPAT examinations with the students' names on file cards. Montgomery allegedly denied being present in the records office four times, but, according to State Sen. Saleeby, Montgomery later acknowledged his presence there. U.S. Sen. Hollings had called for the ouster of Professor Montgomery at a press conference in Washington in mid-September. Hollings also indicated at that time that Dean Foster "was on his way out" of the university. Foster denied that statement and denounced a rumor he had been offered a lucrative offer from an unnamed school. Hollings suggested that a public hearing be held "to clear the air" on the Board's admission of the 14 students to the Law Center. On October 11, when addressing the law school during the weekly Speaker's Hour, Hollings said there would be no chance for a public hearing because the Board of Trustees would not agree to one. Hollings stressed at the Speaker's Hour that he never approached any of the Trustees in an attempt to get his son admitted to the law school. However, he did admit asking Dean Foster if his son could take the Law Scholastic Aptitude Test QLSATJ again but Foster replied that such a move would be of no help to I-Iolling's son. By the beginning of November, the controversy had become an issue of the past with the decision of whether or not to continue the SPAT Program still left in the balance. The power struggle between faculty and the Board over admissions policy began last spring with the so-called seven per cent admissions policy. The Board had tentatively approved a policy which would have allowed Patterson to appoint a committee to admit seven per cent of Law School freshmen independently of the Law School's Admissions Committee. Supporters of the proposal said it gave a chance to gifted students who did not do well on the tests, or who could not attend the SPAT program because of hardship reasons. Opponents questioned how easily it could be used as a political tool. Gans Gllltad 275 7 l1ERE's one AN UST 2 BY ,.. ., W. . ,,'. ...Nh-,-y, WWMZWQ-'fwl bwwq 1 'fffbwrff' ww! ' nu NNN 00 .qu ' - ,nn ,nn , ,Nunn 'Jiffy Ngif. 0 Ifffoul' '3 L an , 'mww': -.vi ,wwf ' f.-.Q.. - - - ' nun , nun an N... .-..,o,...v...,., . - .3q.g.g.g.g.g.g.g.g.g.g.ggg. 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However, at USC undergraduates as well as graduates have access to the system. Carolina students have an unlimited time-period in using th computers, whereas many schools allow only several minutes usage. The College of Science and Mathematics, including the Science and Mathematics departments of Mar1ne Sclence Medlcal Technology B1ology Chem1stry Geology and the Computer Sc1ence and Mathemat1cs are under d1scuss1on w1th the1r use of computers the effect of the computer and how It 1S ut1l1zed w1th1n var1ous programs 1ncludes not only research but also classroom HCl1V1l1BS CI-IEIIJ lx 3 J LA .. al Blnhclomnl In the Department of Chemlstry computers are used extenswely Approxlmately one th1rd of the faculty members are 1nvolved 1n usxng the computers Graduate students are more apt to use the computers for research regresslon analysls and for correlat1ons on a much greater scale than those at the undergraduate level Undergraduates do use computers III th1s department but ma1nly for lndependent study Smaller computers are also contalned 111 th1s department for the students lnterests and are used as a learnmg process thus enhanc1ng the1r educat1on The computers a1d the professors 1n mass grad1ng for classes Whlch have a large enrollment Currently several professors 1n the Chem1stry Department are worklng on pro1ects ut1l1z1ng the computer Dr Elmer Amma leads the fleld 1n Science and Mathematics us1ng the computer 1n the Chenustry Department Whlle Dr Robert Bly 1S study1ng the rates of chemlcal react1ons Dr Iames Durlg IS work1ng on the calculatlon of molecular structures Dr Ben1am1n G1marc 1S workxng on the calculatlons of molecular electron1c structures These professors and others are expand1ng the1r f1eld of study w1th the use of computers to make the1r department academ1cally strong and 4155 KBBB11 In the Department of Medlcal Technology the computer IS ut1l1zed for data processmg anlmal exper1ments research and statlstlcal regress1on and correlattonal analyses There have been no lmmedlate changes 1n the Department of Medloal Technology caused by ut1l1z1ng the computer However they are plannmg to program 1nstruct1on for the med1cal school 1n the future Currently 1n the med1cal school Dr Francls Abel 1S evaluatmg the performance of the heart as a pump The computer allows h1m to evaluate large amounts of data and var1ables that would be 1mposs1ble to analyze otherwlse c-sem. F K-urlBa11hobm0w Computers through research have strengthened the Department of Geology Dr M1les Hayes stated that the Geology Department 1S currently worklng on data research 1 e coal research and coastal research w1th the use of the computers The Geology Department IS constantly record1ng the 1ntens1ty d1rect1on and the durat1on of earthquakes because earthquakes are qu1te prevalent 1n the Umted States In add1t1on once the data 1S compl1ed w1th the use of computer gulded equ1pment such as the selsometer the mass of data must be analyzed to gather such lmportant facts as where the eplcenter of the quake was and whether or not any after shocks rnlght be expected 111 the area Mass gradlng by computers IS used w1th1n the Geology Department to handle the large scale of students who are enrolllng 1n geology classes 277 1 ' 'T j f ,- 1 interesting to the student. X 1 A to r tatr 1 1 ' ' ,M ,lp . .' sys- fig.: mm EIIJL Dr. David Husband has been using computers in his unique Biology 110 program for many years. The need for computers in this program is great because approximately 400 students enroll in this basic biology course for non-majors. Husband needs a speedy, reliable way to grade weekly quizzes so that he can follow closely the progress of his students. Also, the computer grading enables the students to keep up with their own progress. Thus, if it were not for the availability of computers, Husband would either have to change the structure of his course severely, or limit the number of students he could teach in one semester. Husband has also used computers to run a study to determine the material his students readily grasp as compared to that material which most of his students fail to learn. This is done by running a frequency analysis on the tests to see which questions are answered by the highest percentage of students. 153 278 Kmammmw Ill 5 C ,E ,L 'fum .5 J XX M i i 3 N. ' l Dr. Frank Vernberg of Marine Science agreed that the computer is a "very useful tool." He has found the computer to be helpful in analyzing biological data and other marine research problems. Vernberg uses the computer quite heavily. It aids his graduate and undergraduate students on their projects. Some of the problems he assigns his students help them gain experience in writing computer programs. Students also learn how to communicate to computer programmers in order to solve future problems or assignments. But the computer is used by the marine science department mainly for research projects rather than regular classroom activities. Even though the computer has not changed Dr. Vernberg's teaching method, it definitely has been a great help in solving problems in a short amount of time. As a tool, the computer can retain large amounts of vital information that are needed for the Marine Science department. The three main functions of the computer are for research purposes, regression analysis, and for correlations. Vernberg does not use the computer for grading quizzes or tests. The principal research analysis presently being worked on concerns an ecosystem, which is a very broad area of research. It deals with the joining of sea water and fresh water from rivers or streams. This new mixture is called an estuary, and is usually found along a coastline, for example Charleston Harbor. The ecosystem analysis studies plants and animals in relation to the temperature and the nutrients found in the semi- enclosed body of water, the estuary . if T' 450 .IIIATI-I -CSU Kip culm The Department of Computer Science and Mathematics' major program deals with computers as a learning process. The computer is used as a part of the class, where students learn the organization of the computer and how to evaluate data Science and Mathematics The professors in the Computer calculus, statistics and theory are C1HSSf00miHSffHCt10H are b91I1S FUD, Science and Mathematics also offered. because in m0St Courses taught in Department offer the students a wide Dr. William Eccles does not use 'fhiS department, the C0mPl1t9I' IS range of computer science and math mass grading processes because the 11SGd HS H Daft of the CIHSS orientation. Concepts of math, size of the classes are comparatively algebra, geometry, topology, small. No projects outside of irgffiss fi' ' 'Aw fs' """'xv"5Y'7g?, 1 ' ' .ca N5 wh ' w+',Q': 4 .a ox' V' ':i"5""m Q JQQ ! 595:-f' 4. qaafm IX. 7 . sf SQ ffm' 9 1 v,-g rf: ffrf Q6 xc 1' N Q, 1 vw 'Y W lg?"-f,f4 ,.-aa' 'lt ' "wwf qS:"s"9A.'X" 3 '5' J,-xkrtassk u M A 4, A S Q. 5 ,u 1 W SQ , WL ss3Ew ' 1 'f"551" erik: mag? Q c et df xxx Q dw? 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V 5 Q: , :' " N, ' . , B s' nf H 1 Q ' 'lx' AJ rt l s , X 1 - 'I s 1- , Science and 'Mathematics ow AI E ERQY fAlMOST ,- , .,,-f-.-T2-vggi .Y ,,,.,,, . g 1: +f"'x?F. new + ' Whbusiiefifitbfltenersy By Kurt Gardner With the aid of a SS265,335 contract with the Iet Propulsion Laboratory USC researchers in the College of Engineering are trying to find ways to make silicon solar energy panels in such a way that they will be an economically feasible alternative to other energy sources. The costs that are involved in using solar energy lie in the production of the panels, and Dr. R. B. Hilborn, director of the project, thinks that these costs can be cut enough to make solar cells that can pay for themselves in two to five years. Solar energy cells are made up of flat, single-crystalline pieces of silicon, which is one of the most abundant elements in the world. Silicon is commonly seen combined with oxygen to make up sand. The silicon can be separated from the oxygen, but the product is polycrystalline, that is, a disorganized jumble of differently structured silicon crystals. To be useful for solar energy, this must be melted down and re-formed into a crystalline form of silicon that has a uniform structure throughout. Single-crystalline silicon can be used to turn sunlight into electricity. When sunlight strikes the silicon, the sunlight's energy breaks some electrons free. These free electrons have a negative charge, and the place where the electron used to be, the hole, has a positive charge. In the solar cell, the silicon has been treated to form a p-n Cpositive-negativej junction. At the p-n junction, the holes are attracted to one side and the electrons to the other. This situation can be taken advantage of by hooking up electrical connections. This makes something that is "like a little battery," Hilborn said. The problem lies in the expense of producing the silicon solar cells, because producing the single-crystal- line silicon is a slow process. The way to form single-crystalline silicon from melted silicon is to introduce a seed, which is a small bit of silicon that' only has one crystal structure, and to pull it back out from the molten silicon under certain carefully maintained conditions. The single-crystalline silicon will grow in the pattern of the seed. The process which has most often been employed produces a cylindrical mass. But Dr. Iohn W. Faust, Ir., who is working on the project, is co-inventor of a process that produces the useful silicon in strips that somewhat resemble strips of photographic film. Faust said that the flat strips 2 0 Engineering are better than the cylindrical mass "Although the electrical contacts because the mass has to be cut into flat discs, which then have to will wear out or corrode, I suspect the silicon cell will last forever," Hilborn said, but he added that he be ground smooth. This can cause the waste of more than half of the pain-stakingly produced silicon. Besides eliminating this waste roblem the USC researchers hope is not worried about the process putting itself out of business. "Even if it does, even if they ' make enough silicon in 10 years to last the world forever, so what? P 1 to find other ways to cut costs in the process. Hilborn said they hope to be able to make the silicon strips longer and wider, and they are looking for ways to speed up the process of making the strips. W'hat's the difference? We need something to replace the fossil fuels, l because they are definitely going to run out," Hilborn said. The Web Growth Machine These pictures taken by Karl Bartholomew show several aspects of the silicon apparatus including fabove leftl silicon crystals inside the quartz furnace tube. Below are Dr. Faust, Don Iolley and Dr. Hilborn working to balance the flywheel. iZ.fQ'.ff ffQ'fQ,,g.,m H, , Q' g I y . y A., 4: - :- , . 4- 1 .' 1--g 1 . I. ' J xxf-X ' f f , 4, Engineering 281 .-:sz , 0.0. " -'2:2?' , ,. . .0 ... :.g..0.' . . '.' ,.,.,.,. . . . . .'.' . .0:g.g.0. . 0.0 Q 9 . . . . . 0 Q 0 Q 0 ' 9 . 0.0.0. ,.,.0.g.0g.g.g.g ,. .g.g 0'0'.0.0 -'0'. .0., , . . ,,.0...f.- . .-. . . . :Oz :-0 -. . , ,, . . . . .. , ...,. ... 000 . . 0 .. 0 ,0, ,.,.'..... 0 .0 ".' 00 .. 0 ". .2".... ..0.0000 '0o " '00 . Q .'.'.' 0 - - . . . . - 5230202030205 . -'.-ace 1204 -.0..-- . --.-.-.-. . ...:.:,0,.,.,.- , ,-,o.- - - - ,. .' .'. - .10 0.0.5. .,. .0.0.-.- , .,. 1 --.,. 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'0 - '.- . -.- . . . .,. ..,. . . ... , . . ,- ... . . . .0..,. . . .0. ..,. . . .0.0..!. . . . 0 . . . - .- - ' -.sQouo ' 0 " Q-. 9.h a--.oo'4'n'.- ..oo'-'.9.Do-0.00--.,. 4-.0..... 0- 0' 0.---.-.-.-:-0-.-..0--- - - - - SoRRy... S Andi By Karen Petit Roo and audio tapes. With the exception of a few dramatic people, most of the work was done by students. "I have long been interested in the scientific and engineering aspects of teaching," Lessinger said. "What I know about the arts you could put in a thimble. My background is in engineering and psychology. Gillis is our composer-in-residence. He is an artist in every sense of the word." "I have reasoned that we need these scientific, engineering, and artistic backgrounds to harness student feelings and Professional clown performances, interviews with prominent actors and actresses, small theatrical productions - this isn't the ordinary classroom. A step towards revolutionizing learning for both the teacher and student, "Teaching as a Performing Art" is a unique innovation in today's educational process. Designed by Dean Leon M. Lessinger of the College of Education and Dr. Don Gillis of the Center for Media Arts Studies, the course features 52 half-hour series of video E ..77.7 Y -, ,.,.. -.-,..,.. emotions," Lessinger added. Together Gillis and Lessinger have worked on scripts, lighting, and production to create a show that has already won national acclaim. According to Gillis, "We, are not trying to push education into show business, but the series is a way to get the idea across." This idea is that it isn't enough to produce the facts: students must be involved emotionally as an integral part of the learning experience. "By teaching with performance in mind, students become involved in such areas as music, drama, and media while studying such subjects as biology, grammar, etymology, and foreign languages. "The whole thing we have discovered," Lessinger said, "is that education l' ii"" if M , i u W' W V V 'V tl' isn't clinical. You have to W . W L" , V 5 :fl ' be concerned about the V -3 W -lii feelings of students and 311, fx , A, , A ' arouse their emotions A 'T Ti . W WJ' ff, and loyalties. The arts are W a Way of doing this. ' "We have proven in l it T ji every respect that the T ' fl teacher and the performing , , , I artist are alike except with if 1, , l Q principle exception. The Don Whimsy Dr. Don Gillis instructs "Teaching as a Performing Art" over USC-ETV. 282 whole idea is for the student to perform. Performance is a teaching art. "Using the arts pedagogy We can get students to perform better. That is what makes everything exciting. We are not here to make actors out of teachers although we may use theatrical i Education techniques based on scientific research." The series employs the talents of campus faculty as well as award-winning actors, actresses, directors, and composers. Sally and Ronald Severini from Ringling Brothers, Barnum and Bailey Circus, Eva Marie Saint, and jeff Hayden are a fewof the series' stars although ' much student talentgoes into the actual production for the tapes. In discussing student involvement in the series, Gillis said, "They are students whose 'particular work assignment trains them' to become media people. Each has a unique specialization -they are an ensemble." A While Lessinger is credited with the original idea for ' the series,,it is Gillis who has masterminded the actual technical production. Together this USC team has produced a series which has potential marketability for USC. Already USC has been approached by the Dallas public school system, Georgia State University, Louisiana, the University of Wisconsin, Los Angeles, and Canadian schools for information about the program. And the Chicago Tribune has requested a feature story for its paper on the series. Although Lessinger formulated the basic idea for the program in the early 1970's, it wasn't until last summer that production Education for the series began. Today the series includes 26 video and 26 audio tapes. Appropriations for the program came, through a grant from Model Schools and the College of1Education. The College of Education is making a special gift of the series to eachhcongressional district in South Carolina. In addition to, these districts, the program will be offered at each USC regional campus. ','We don't know how far this program willlrangef' Gillis said, "but we expect it to go far. It isn't a ' perfect series. We are sure this is only the beginning. If the program is good, we will get better as we go holding an audience's attention. In order to hold this, you must do something. This is where non-verbal communication is important. To the teacher who is the performing artist, classroom setting. is important. The USC "Teaching as a Performing Art" classroom is an open one that can easily be set up for A puppet shows, broadcasting, or theatrical performances. As in any new course, there have been some problems. According to Gillis, "There always are problems when you are dealing with a medium. First there is the problem of trying to arrange for a studio. There are about 53 broadcasts from campus each Wa .. D Dun Whllntw Cast members watch the results of a "Performing Arts" filming session. along." Although a few people have criticized the series saying that teaching is not entertainment, Gillis says that entertainment is week. There are also problems of machine failures and people failures as well as in editing. Television runs on a very tight schedule and sometimes you 283 can wmmay "This has been a valuable learning experience for the students at media arts." Their philosophy is to bridge from idea to fulfillment. can't book people when studios are available." Despite these problems, Gillis said, "This has been a valuable learning experience for the student at media arts. Our whole philosophy at the media arts center is to find the shortest distance between the idea and fulfillment of the idea." Designed to increase classroom motivation and participation in learning, "Teaching as a Performing Art" also serves to make the education graduate more employable in the tight job market. According to Lessinger, "We don't have the oversupply of teachers in South Carolina. Last year we placed every graduate from the College of Education. It is more a regional oversupply." VVhile there are too many teachers in some areas of education, there are job opportunities in the areas of counseling, mathematics, special education and the sciences. Vlfhat has led to the oversupply in some areas? "Traditionally, education has been one of the major occupations for women, and you just can't tell this major group that one of their principal ways of making a living is gone. "We are trying to develop a more qualified teacher who can better compete for the jobs available and are trying to counsel students to study in the areas that are not so overcrowded. It is important for the student to pick up additional competence, to have special training in areas other than just education." Not only is there an oversupply of new teachers in some areas, there are teachers being laid off in schools all over the country because of fiscal problems. Becauseof the oversupply in many areas, Lessinger said, many students are beginning to think of other approaches than going to college. The education curriculum included a wide variety of courses, Lessinger added, thatlwill better educate the student in many areas of life. While education studies are only a small part of the total curriculum other required courses become a sort of "insurance policy" for the education graduate. Despite low salaries for . many teachers, busing problems, and political influences, teaching is a very attractive job," Lessinger said. "Of course you hear complaints. There is a lot of misinformation. About teaching salaries, teachers have made a genuine gain." "On the average, teachers receive higher salaries than other professions. There is also that wonderful fact that teaching does not last all year. If you like to work around young people, this is a nice job. And there are lots of other compensating factors. "You have to realize that our undergraduate enrollment is declining, so there will be fewer new teachers. There has been an enormous increase in the graduate program. So the teachers we already have are becoming better educated themselves." Enrollment figures for the College of Education reveal that in 1974, there were 1,522 students compared to 1,285 students in 1975. Today the College of Education is the largest professional school at the University, and has become essentially a graduate school. "The reason for the decline in undergraduate enrollment is because many students do fear the possibility of job shortages. Iobs do not become available as quickly as in past years, which is also contributing to the tight job market. There just isn't the mobility that We once had," Lessinger said. Special leaves for women allow teachers to return to, former jobs more 284 Education quickly. Many teachers have established tenure so there is not a very rapid turnover in the job market. Educational opportunities are not always connected with the public schools. "Despite popular belief," Lessinger said, "the College of Education is not synonymous with the public school system. There are educational jobs in vocational rehabilitation, criminal justice programs, hospitals and industries. Media is also an area for educational graduates. "Wherever there is an interest in learning, we have some kind of course to further that interest," Lessinger said. "I am very interested in the media area and its use for continuing education. "One of our markets is for the aging population, people who have retired. There are many opportunities for jobs in adult education. We are also looking at community education and are studying ways not to ruin the environment. The College of Education is developing a special program for that. Also, we are interested in V international education." What is the typical education student like? According to Lessinger, the typical student is female - and usually a very bright female at that. "We are getting top students," Lessinger said. "The typical education student has a little bit of extra concern for people than things." Surprisingly enough, perhaps, students themselves stated more of a concern for quality education in schools rather than large salaries. According to Melissa Rose, an education major, "I am mainly interested in education because I want to work with children and I don't really care that much about pay." "I would expect some female students are in education," Lessinger said, "because they don't know of other job opportunities for women. l'm not sure whether our students know there are other careers for women or feel this is the only area." Current evidence of decreasing SAT scores has alarmed many educators, some of whom feel that proper education is lagging in certain academic areas. 'fMy own guess," Lessinger said, "is that we are not doing a good job in many academic areas. Society itself tends to push people towards a kind of illiteracy. The quality of speech has declined and our vocabularies are remaining stagnant." Lessinger has been named one of the top educators of this century by the Academic Association of School Administrators because of such innovations in learning as "Teaching as a Performing Art." Each year the College of Education is studying new areas and exploring new fields of learning. Because of this atmosphere within the College itself, it is difficult for the education student not to become totally involved in the learning experience. J4-,J :AJ A Media Arts technician monitors the filming of another installment of "Teaching as a Perform ing Art" for telecast over the ETV network. Education 285 Carolina's future. . . want to make something of it? Your gifts can help make Carolina's future one of academic excel- lence. Private gifts from alumni, other individuals, corporations and foundations to Carolina have provided support for scholarships fCarolina Scholars, National Merit Scholars, and other scholarship programsl, professorships for outstanding faculty members, graduate fellowships, research grants, and additions to the Uni- versity's library holdings. Thanks, in large measure, to the mag- nificant gift from E. Smythe Gambrell, class of 1915, Gambrell Hall is currently under construction to house the departments of History and Government and International Studies. Other gifts will be needed to supplement a major government grant in order to complete a new facility for the College of Pharmacy. For information about how you can help, contact a member of the Development Office staff, clo University of South Carolina, Columbia, S. C. 29208, 1803i 777-6440. 1 C. Wallace Martin W. Frank Johnson Ralph J. Canine, Jr. Vice President Director of Placement Director of Fund for Development and Corporate Support Raising 'I W 'I Q x W1 ,J . W A QL 4 1, f W 7 57 A X ffm" 0-7,10 ' Z wQfMW?'?WWY N f Aff fffffW"f'M ' q W I V + M wH2uf .m eam Q Y MMR V W M 1k'xfiiQswW54n'Ne ,1f vi wfw Y " ' 1 5 N M U ws 1 wsgg QPq W N W N vi XX X NX MmmxMQM 1QfEfQ X X WM' txxx Wxyxx if '2"! X ' XX H ' 1-1 '1"W 91 X 'wa' 'w lx KN X X WMM X M mx wi ww MW f :W A mm? si- f AM' X X, N WMV N 7 E Z E I . :. . Y XXMNS:-Fjfi Q A A N, K . s X Eqv ,WM mm , ggi 2 x 'N -N Y WWW W. A .- .. wx 2 ' E E Q XNN XN E E 2 J gxxvkx- Q ,X - X , Nxkvxhg :N'az-,-saxmambkxwgvorsrsr -Z v - FS S ? f W- -x Q -f k 0 X x QQ -N M si'-Nviwxw --wav Ss5ss9'xiNSSir4i E X " " ' iw xx NNN m XX X X 'X X X xw XX wxx w X X X , , , . , , N . . . . .1 X . . M N N 5:2653 isa , 9 5 . NN. SN Nag S2-::3Sngxv-veii RNS:?1zQN.NESSRgvQs:gv X M Mx: " 2 w - Sw Q we as-s w:?s'a'xw5iS?s?Q:-Q fsiirsbkx-:Q , X. X Slum my. M' M - QE 3 -' - SS: Exsxews mifsasfs-:s:?:Q. Emlfaxfsrreiiie N N-Nw XV .-.- ..-x- -q-2-- Q-5 XNEXXQXE xv QE vm wefbv --Ys5B.-Nssazxgger.:Nv9:zz.zu5. If .... . . . --- ---' N---Dv -:-- X W X ,- Summa Ng 3 1 v . Q QSM Re-MNS Q Q-Wyxrevx 'Sh XN3"-GSX 51-'W . 7 Q 7 by KID cunni- Core two is divided into four three-week sections. The patients' ages range from 18 to 47 years of age. The first three-week sections are spent onthe medical surgery floor. It is on this floor that the student nurses see patients who have undergone appendix and gall bladder removal operations. These patients, who really need intense care, are visited by students twice a week. The second three weeks are spent in the Intensive Care Unit within which the student spends an entire day with only one patient. Baker's experience was jolting. Her patient was a woman who had been stabbed six times. The woman was on a respirator and had a tube in her bladder. Baker has to do total care for her patient, which means bathing, dressing, using instruments for emptying the bladder and feeding. It is in this unit that "may days" or emergencies are commonplace. If a "may day" is called, the student nurse has a good instructor there to watch her procedure and insure that it is precise. A student nurse learns many life- saving techniques such as oral suction. When a lot of secretions gather in the lungs making breathing impossible, a nurse will use a sterile tube to go through the trachea and suction out the mucus. The third three weeks are spent in the Cardiac Care Unit. The CCU is specifically meant for those patients who have suffered heart attacks. There are more "may days" here than in the Intensive Care Unit. In this unit, the nurse is responsible for total patient care because the patient must do absolutely nothing. During the first three days, the patient must decrease the workload of the heart. This means no straining at all, even when emptying the bowels. Nurses' duties include bed baths, bed pans, feeding, and dressing. Also included in this section is the Progress Cardiac Care Unit CPCCUJ. Here the atmosphere is not as intense as in CCU because the patients are partly recovered. There is not the uneasiness in this unit, and yet there are still many duties that students must perform. The fourth three weeks are spent at the State Hospital on Bull Street which is primarily a mental clinic. Here, there is practically no patient care but rather patient teaching. Each student nurse is able to choose her own patient. The head nurse describes each patient's background and the student picks a patient in whom she is interested. The experience is more psychological training for the nurses than learning how to physically aid the patients. The student must learn how to communicate with people who are mentally ill. Core three is divided into two parts. The first part is spent at the Tucker Clinic of the State Hospital and the second part is spent at the Veteran's Administration Hospital. At the Tucker Clinic, the students confront the geriatrics unit, those patients who are 55 and older. The patients there do not demand total care, but can manage for themselves for the most part. ' The patients are mentally deficient or sometimes blind and frequently have to attend re-orientation classes so they can realize the date, the place and even the next meal being served. Often these patients are those that have spent 40 years at the State Hospital and aren't quite well enough to go home or to remain in the main branch of the hospital, and so remain at Tucker instead. Baker said, "I remember when we organized a music group and we took the patients out into the sunshine for singing and listening to Iamie play the autoharp. Iamie was one of the guys that worked there. It was a special occasion for the patients because they weren't allowed to go anywhere by themselves, not even out into the yard. "There was a tiny, old lady whose name was Mrs. Chestnut and who was blind in both eyes. We suggested singing hymns and do you know that she sang all five verses of the "The Old Rugged Cross?" There aren't many people who can do that! The hymn-singing didn't stop and neither did Mrs. Chestnut. Now that was a rewarding experience." Needless to say, communication skills are stressed at the nursing school and come into a great deal of Nursing use when patients want to talk of their past and of what's important to them now. The second half of the semester is spent at the Veteran's Administration Hospital. A typical day for the student nurse begins at 7:30 a.m. and ends at 4:00 p.m. Most of the patients here have either terminal cancer or cirrhosis of the liver. The nurses are assigned to one patient and very often talk if the patient is well enough to and is interested. Unhappily, death is a most likely thing for these patients. Baker explains, "You feel very protective towards your patient and yet, you've got to learn how to accept death: especially if you're there when your patient dies. You've got to retain some coolness so that the family will know you're there if they need you." She continued, "I just went through that experience myself. The family and I were both in the room when my patient died. Yes, I pulled through all right, better than the family, but it was terrifically upsetting. I had to even call the funeral home and make the arrangements as the family knew me and really depended on me at that time. It's something though that every nurse has to face sooner or later even as unhappy a thing as it ls." At the V.A. Hospital the students garner nursing experience at an amazing rate. They give out medicine, shots and treatments and write up charts as well as talk to the doctors concerning patients. Here they have a R.N.'s responsibility though their instructors are on hand if needed. If their patient goes to cobalt therapy, they can accompany themg they can scrub up and watch an operation from beside the table, watch an autopsy, go to the dental clinic with their patients and report patients needing financial aid to the Social Service. Core four is the specialization core. Here the student nurses can choose two fields they particularly want to know more about. This extra training becomes important when one nurse may know more about a situation than another. The choices are obstetrics, leadership of a head nurse, adult ambulatory care, psychiatric care, pediatrics, cardio- vasular and others. After the core work is accomplished, there are also projects that dot the progress of a nursing student's career. Required are a community project, a project labeled Hlntergenerational Friend" and a teaching project. The community project involves choosing a group of people and assessing if they can receive adequate medical care in the community. Many aspects of the community are weighed in deciding if the medical facilities are good or bad, and deciding what changes need to be made. The Hlntergeneration Friend" was a brainstorm of a member of the nursing faculty, and concentrates on forming a friendship with a healthy person over the age of 55. The idea is for the student to communicate with a person who has different hobbies, ideas, cultural backgrounds and values than his own. The talk ranges from current events to the spouse that passed away. Understanding the aspects of an older person is tantamount to this program, which is highly successful. The third project involves teaching a group a topic that can be directed to the community. For example, birth control, venereal disease and child-rearing. The student nurses must pre-test the group, teach the material through audio-visual aids and lectures, and finally evaluate the group by a post-test. Underlining all the activities that student nurses must participate in before they receive their degree is the theme of compassion, interest and communication skills. The patients need a one-to-one relationship and, as Baker states, "Communication all has to do with the nurse. If she doesn't do it, the patients will wither. If the nurse talks to them and genuinely cares, that can make the difference between getting better and not making any progress at all." Nursing 289 'rw 5 WX V, , 5, 1 , N 'v 1, -'pq-wg. Jai! 'I 1 ,Mjx QWf,,m ggEQ,5mm , 5-ax ,ju In rf'h,"EJM-1 'V 'Y' 4-k-4...Lx,-,..v ' : 'AN V , ,-.. .-V-..--. aww - V -fu "'fH -An' 'EC-' . .1 A .-. '.,. .-',L,..,,. ,,.fggnK,g-Q! 4... NV. , Ls . I ' ' ' e"5gMo5'Z3j,qug'fff1::j1T Eff! ri.5',7uQ853nQfr'fI' Jw I-, mQdimMMVf . ' 11 , fl A ,QE -. , A , ' - 1 , T" A Lx 5271.,y13a:flQ1,Q?l'fjfj rw? 'ff' ' W, W" ,ig EF,!'zi5:Q.VTY21':?jf5 f'IfV-Evfw ,vg,53fi5,', w ..J. V , W Qbmgkfff Ligpimi n3mf:1. ,i ' KA"":i,1Ef:,'21HXQg,Z-Wiljfiq,,Qf,..1' fx 1.15 jj' V: HK! "' H Auf 1' 121' '- "1 ,132 . I ,w nf' ,. ,f ..-, my . ,- HW , x,,n.,.. , , -1 , V, , 11,35 ,, :TH-SE' -V -V 1 1 'A 5, ,, v . 5 , .1 1 4 1 ' 1 I' if '.. f - 5 ' 'f iil QP i 7-fl' rfb-i.' " 'S' 2. - 1 W.,-45 .,m. , . ,U, W I i' 1: 1 4,-1',,.E, ,HA ,,. fA ff, J- ' 1 1'rZ5g'2i-- 'Ji 1 5 'I , , ' V 1 ,, 5,--P, . I ' . - 0 , 1 to us for career training, and retired military men enroll to begin a second career. "There has always been more women than men in this field but even this is gradually changing. As the salary for librarians grows, even men can earn between at Carolina instead of simply school librarianship training, the B.A. in Library Science under the College of Education ceased. Iones then created the Master's of Library Science consisting of one year's study. "Yes, I believe Dr. Iones did the right thing,"'Yenawine "USC is at present the ch in South Carolina in South Carolina upon their graduation. Also, as there are more Master's programs of this kind up north, the consequent job supply is much less there." Enrollment has only seemed to increase because of the increase of part-time students thereby influencing the Full- Time Equivalence scale. In fact, as Yenawine predicts, E- lT'VQiQ5 gf:?1:L' it ,'. ar'a ' filli-1113117 i 'havethadlfb travel to W C " 'i-" Th! his Mgi lgjprogram. Without , ity 'iu' , fi .'0uld this would have W8 -up...A 1 Kip Culler Multimedia teaching techniques are used in the College of Librarianship. albeit they have to scrounge by constructing many resumes and applying to many places. Our classes have been on the average between 35 and 55 students at the beginning of each semester." Yenawine comments on why a person is attracted to the library science program, "It seems to me that intellectual interest is the main characteristic of these students. They are people who like to use their heads. This program attracts people with intellectual curiosity and interest." He adds, "The library science field also attracts those individuals with a strong service motivation. This field is basically a service profession because people have a constant need for information. It attracts a person who likes to work with people. After all, people's needs are very important and this is the primary thing we want to deal with. "We try to select our students," he continues, "on the basis of an ease in communication, their interpersona relationships and their ability to have good rapport with others. This is the image we're trying to emphasize with our students. "We finally realized why libraries weren't working! Because the attitude of the archaic librarian was repelling people! Iust as is a customer repelled by a store clerk who has a bad frown, bad attitude or unhelpfulness, so too did some librarians repel potential library users. "This attitude cut down on the people using the libraryg so now our tact is to find people who like and want to work with people. This is the newest and most important l concept going for librarianship today." When asked if the 36 students are a close-knit group with the faculty, Yenawine's eyes twinkled and he said, "I personally know all the students as do the faculty. Happily, because of our Foundation's course, the faculty and the students have a good chance to know each other because the course is team-taught." He continues, "There's a lot of group development due to our small discussion groups and informal transactional activities that are geared to let the students have a feel of working within small groups. "We may sponsor a picnic or a trip to Pine Island, for example, to orient the students and to let them get to know each other and faculty better. "The faculty," Yenawine added, "is very open-minded inside and outside the classroom. Even with all the expertise they can offer, they realize they can't transmit this only in class. For this reason, the faculty enjoys and encourages opportunities outside the class for the students. "The great thing is that the students keep in touch with us even after they graduate! If they run into any problems on the job, they'll call and ask us for pointers. We continue to be a resource for them." 292 Librarianship By Andrew Thompson Pharmacy E IRI E Frve years IS a long trme to work for your degree FIVE years wxth an average course load of 18 credlt hours per semester makes the College of Pharmacy s program even harder There IS some cr1t1c1sm of the College of Pharmacy among 1ts students Bruce Bearden a fourth year student m the USC College of because of the lack of chorce m professors Bearden sald that wtth such a small faculty the pharmacy student has httle to choose from The Student Amerlcan Pharmaceutrcal Assoc1at1on CSAPAJ IS of l1ttle value rn Bearden s op1n1on It s there but 1t never does anythmg Bearden satd sarrashcally lt s supposed to be sort of an mformal professional orgamzatlon but lt doesn t fulilll tts purpose For Bearden these cr1t1c1sms are real But there IS also a fear assoclated wlth these cr1t1c1sms You are scared to say anvthtng because 1f lt gets back you mrght be 1n trouble In professwnal schools ,such as law and medtcme all over the nat1on cheatmg has been on the mcrease a fact descrlbed 11'1 many magazmes The College of Pharmacy lS also vulnerable to thls type ot cheatmg by fellow students III order to get ahead accordmg to Bearden Such thmgs as holding back mformatlon from students that could be benefxclal to them and falsely telllng fellow students that a test scheduled for a certa1n tune w1ll be Ache grven at another tlme are a few examples of th1s practlce Bearden sat Even though you may have been nn the program for several years there IS stlll the fear of flunktng out Bearden sald The trouble now IS that the currlculum has been made so dlfftcult and there are so many people Mllne IS representat1ve of the youthful faculty at the College of Pharmacy Standmg about 5 feet 9 1I1Cl1SStHll Mrlne 35 IS one of the sen1or faculty members w1th elght years at Carohna M1lne concedes that many professronal colleges medxcme Included do have a problem Wtth students cheatmg m order to get a h1gher rankmg 1n the classes But so far M1lne saxd the USC College of Pharmacy has had l1ttle trouble 1n thxs area Pharmacy has not gotten that dog eat dog yet We haven thad a great problem wrth that Mllne satd Mllne admlts that schedulmg for these pharmacy students can be a hassle Each student IS expected to take certa1n courses and labs and there are certa1n l1m1ts to when they can take these courses But the faculty does try to help these students on schedulmg problems S81 When Mtlne adv1ses freshmen he sald I tell htm some of the advantages and I tell hlrn some of the dlsadvantages I-Ie sald they let the student know that he won t be workmg an e1ght to f1V6 shrft ll Kun eunmtemw O ' W C O an ese' N . . , I 1' g ggsg 1 y I I ' N , A f I . . . . , . V ,J 'Ill' id' , Y '. ' 1 Y ' I Z ' ' , W "., ' 'L ' I - ss I I . V tl ' I I1 Pharmacy program, is dissatisfied Assistant Pharmacy Dean Larry D. V X l , n 1 H Y , . . . , 1 . . V . . au, v I f, - 4 - ' - " 7 V 1 . ,,p . . . , , . ,, ,' - as 9 - - . . . 5 ' . . . r . I . 9 U , 7 J, F ' - . . W . A t y . I . n ' - W ', H 1 .V . . . . W -'V - 1 , , V U . H . , . ,, . I . , at m . , . ' . ,, , W I, W .Ng . 1 I w ' . , up . . . , . , ,he .. 4 . . ,, . , , . ' I e Lum Etna!!-...Q EMS' T3 fy, Knll Berlhalemew Carmen Cook mans the Poison Line within an arm's reach of the Necessary references Each caller is asked the age of the person who took the poison, the name of the substance, the amount ingested, the time elapsed and any symptoms that might appear The worker uses the informa tion to make suggestions for treatment until the victim arrives at the hospital The line is one part of clinical rotation in a pharmacy major's last semester X ' ' L5 Lf' A, g 1- . , , . , BV.-A-5 5F'?, . ' l X " ,j 31 .,, ...-it jx M .i I i Mix' -N it T w ww it . . V , ii " ' ' " Q , "-of--no ,L -- fl I 1 1.1 . v , ' . I - Q 1' j, 5 : Y Y 1: ' 1, li .. T 5 . i 1' T A 'ij--..i,. , 'NEW-l.IvH W ' - '21 ,"l "iii: ' 25,1 tl ,si -F: .lI' ' j '- ll ,gf H ' : X 294 "Our philosophy is to give the King said. student a sound scientific When she first started going to background so that they are capable USC about four years ago, her class of change. We also emphasize the was made up of about 50 per cent health-care oriented classes," Milne males and 50 per cent females. If she said. received any discrimination, it was Unlike other colleges of in her favor because she was a girl, professions, women experience little King said. discrimination in the College of Many organizations employing Pharmacy, SAPA president Lisa pharmacists like to hire women because they are neater as a rule, King pointed out. King decided to run for president of SAPA because of the need for changes in the organization. She hopes to bring the national program of SAPA down to the state level and get increased participation. Like most of her fellow students, time is one thing King has preciously little of. "I very seldom have free time, but I don't mind putting time into it fpharmacyj because it's pretty interesting," she said. From her observation, what cheating that has occurred has been done by students in order to pass their courses, instead of trying to get a higher rank in class. The freshman pharmacy student has five long years of hard Work ahead of him. Although there is a certain amount of skepticism on their part, there is also the need to get on with the program. jimmy Steagal, a freshman pharmacy student, sums up this feeling, "I can't wait to get into pharmacy courses. The stuff I'm taking now I'm getting pretty bored With." Steagall realizes the long hours and hard work necessary for his major, but he is also looking forward to his classes. "It worries me that the load is going to be so heavy. When I think about the courses that I'm going to be taking, I'm going to enjoy them, and I hope it won't be too much of a bother." Some four years ago, Mike Edwards took the first step in the accomplishment of a goal he has long desired. Born and raised in Rock Hill, S.C., a town of about 40,000, Edwards came to USC in order to major in pharmacy. Since he was 14 years old, Edwards has wanted to be a pharmacist. 'Primary motivation for me was a general desire to be in something in health care," he said. "Pharmacy is kind of like a clinician. He fthe pharmacistj is a clinical individual whereas a doctor is basically a consultant." There are probably few other majors that involve as much time as a pharmacy major. "It's a major where you have to organize efficient study. You have got the time to do what must be done if you don't Pharmacy I, waste it." "Your average course load for a , V pharmacy major is going to be about ht.. 'L' 17 to 18 hours a semester. Of that, , , """?"'h""'m" . 1 , In pharmacy, senior Suzanne Garrison ties the approxlmately 15 hours 15 lecture hair-line of a suture in an experimental rat. credit andthe remaining two to three hours would be lab credits," Edwards said. N , Lf., Classroom work is just a part of f the time expected from these '5 students. Outside work such as talks 'I by pharmacy students about p venereal disease and drug abuse are "f'i if made to area high schools. "We correlate other professional projects such as hypertension screening with other health-care groups on campus," he continued. Another important aspect of the pharmacy student's life are the professional organizations. "We have professional organizations such as the SAPA which meet supposedly once a month. That's nothing more than a student division of the professional society." Even with all the work necessary in this major, Edwards thinks it is well worth the effort. activities can be a waste. If you are really setting up your activities so that what you are doing is furthering the profession of pharmacy, then you can't consider it a waste of time." While Marenda Moore administers the anesthesia, Doug Ellwood conducts microsur- gery on a laboratory rat. KIIIBIMKBIOITIUW KAl1EnAh040fI'llw UH: ou Co elate our activ-V Pam Neil, a junior in pharmacy, pours a bottle of ammonia spirits through a filter for compari- yl th IT . y th 1 les son with the already-filtered Phenobarb. proper y, ere is no way ese Pharmacy 295 . aw' 'szfsih , P95 sr QL -" --1: , '. V lg? h .-': 'Q ff jl 1' W 1 ' w y , , X w , Q. . 'hh'-Q ' .KT W. . . , I - I qv,-1 - o. I - l, , '-, - I 'xx . h 1 ' V f, ' ' ' . I ,M 1. , .3 l 4 I 4 N '. V A-S ,- fix ' l I , F . '. - . 5. ' , .53 N - A , 1 1 'J 1 W ' , ' , ' ' 1 .3 ,M , X f" f- ' W , , I F 6' I . ' f " ,Q ' 1 f 'ann 1, . A X 5 wg' gf 4 I ,M ,XX -- : I v, n' 1 ., :L i Ng.. I 1 - 4 is , A .1 ' '-j ' -,--- ..:+ ' ' "'HT-'EH Y ' I "dai 'sffv . . ' ' " +V' ,- f . V. ws. , ' , A- 19' - - ' "' A , ' - 1 1 X . f ' ' .I .. PI: , , ..f.. f . .l,.-A' ,E N ' .r nu, . ,' " 1 ' ,' .1 ,wr ,A-. . , I . " 17' f .-V 'M .. -M-wa.. '.:,....,. ' ' I "if 6 3 ' mx- fj' ',, , ' N ,ff 1 ' ' -5 J: ' .LL L' - '--4 lg 1- WLT- 1 If ff' ll 'A I ffl X , A ,Q X Y w af 51- EJ .... . . . A K4 ' ' ' " - 4.1.H4'4,v --, , Y D: V I -' I l ..,-.n..,t-X4 .A ,ANCLH Q' ir U 1 .L .,.. '- fl- 1-. 'H 'WW K Q X -we t-.4 .pf- Y ' Q , .A-rr' w L, ' H.-1Li1:..ai Y ,k rf-f-Af' . L, - , 1 1 1 u c l I i I ' ' 296 l 1 ...,.A.n-, , um Y Graduicwkhool ' By Mark Mayer For many students, the completion of undergraduate school is the greatest feeling in the world. It is the culmination of years of examinations and term papers. Having that degree in your hands is what it's all about. But what is ahead for students after college? Some have jobs awaiting them, some just take it easy for awhile, some are undecided as to what to do with their lives, and still others choose to go on to graduate school. For those students advancing to graduate school, it means that their schooling will not end with an undergraduate diploma. It will mean another two to three years at a university. Is graduate school beneficial? Will what you know hurt you? How are the graduate schools at Carolina making out? According to Dr. George Reeves of the Graduate School, Carolina is doing very well. VV'hat had been a student enrollment of 832 students in 1965 increased to 2,000 in 1970. Currently there are 7,420 students attending graduate school at Carolina. Reeves believes there are a number of fine opportunities for those students who enroll in graduate school. 'In professional fields fbusiness, law, education, psychology, public health, public administration, criminal justice, engineering, medicine, pharmacy, geology, marine sciencej there is a great deal of opportunity available." However, with regard to the field of arts and sciences there is less opportunity available in graduate school for students. "A person with the right kind of degree can do as Well as he could five or ten years ago. The outlook in the arts and sciences are poor," Reeves explained. He also stated that Humanities areas CEnglish, foreign languages, history, philosophyj are affected more than any other group. Concerning the future of graduate school at Carolina, Reeves believes there is not much prospect for the expansion of academic appointments in the next five to ten years. "Students who enter graduate Graduate School I' .. . , , ,gt , 'V 1:12 .I . , jf: rpm- '-it-Q'-'Y ,gff -sr .grisly ff.. 5 Aff-'i'e-e:'l91tft ff. , s , ' '- .. fl i m 'ffiffetift-,l"'l.,"-. r- 'fir -i-'Biff' . 'tif'-13' Hia' t,1,f.x f.. l . swf ff -s ka, -ggi .1 gg .. ,r'fg,,j ' . .1 35: f. ' ' ,sz qv .:.:4-.-.2-s ,f. Q j -,ff '-QQ-M,v.3-.-,iw fwgyfff-.16 f gy-.gat "Q,"-"5-2 W-11'-. +A.-'-.-:f.-L.. .- y-1" fl is--1: '-.R-.2-'sxW-21-fW-:-:-:-.'q,'.a- 9 , 1 :sS:e'?:i"af-'1'if'-Hiizgf. ifttf:-l:XNlw'5i:l'l5"2lHz'F55Ei-J-. ' H 'f :??,f?n.,f. , 511r:ES55 'Rss ' rizif' t asa " Ni:-:Ii2:eP: Ka1lBar!hoIcmsw Dr. George Reeves, Dean of the Graduate School school in a non-academic career have a better chance than students who wish to attempt an academic career," Reeves said. "It is up to what the person is majoring in as to what he should do with regard to graduate school." Four new programs have been added to the USC Graduate School, according to Dr. Reeves. These include a master of arts in applied history, a master of science in computer science, a master of arts in media arts, and a master of education major in instructional media. But despite the growth of the Graduate School, Reeves believes it will level off in the next few years. "Continued growth of that type is not expected. It is slowing down. We cannot handle the people," Reeves said. Lawrence Garris, a USC graduate student in student personnel service is satisfied with his decision to enroll in graduate school. "In my program, certain aspects are more challenging -1.11- ' A f-.2-att--agar --Q-,..,.. 297 in undergraduate school than in graduate school," said Garris. I-Ie felt that more competition existed in undergraduate school. "The experience in graduate school has been very rewarding t me. I had Control of my learning and I c uld do what I wanted to do," Garris continued. Garris stated that graduate school has prepared him to do a professional job. "It has steered me on a course toward becoming a very competent administrator," Garris said. Garris explained he had no interest in graduate school when he received his bachelors degree. He enlisted in the Navy under duress. "The Veterans Administration, through the CLI. Bill, enabled me to go back to school," Garris noted. "Without the federal money, I prob-ably Wouldn't have gone into it.' Garris believes that a person who wishes additional knowledge would benefit greatly' from graduate school. "There not as much peer pressure as there is from professors. The Growth of the Graduate School Since 1965 S S S 3 T S S 5 .2 es 70 75 Donna Iacobs, a senior at USC majoring in English, is contemplating whether to enroll in graduate school or to find a teaching job. "It depends on the job and what it pays. If it isn't agreeable to me I'll probably go to graduate school here at USC," said Iacobs. "My folks want me to do what I think is best for me. They want me to be happy," she said. "People have told me that graduate school is not that much harder than undergraduate school and that it is basically a continuation." Iacobs feels that undergraduate school is more than just learning. "It involves outside activities such as movies, plays, and organizational meetings besides the overall learning process," she said. "If a student doesn't have motivation in graduate school," Reeves said, "no one will spend time with that person. A student is in graduate school on ability, not because of parental pressure. The atmosphere is one of business. So it is best to be prepared." experience benefited me," he said. 298 Graduate School I vi 1'1'1l1'1B' 34111711 1 0 1 Y1111 ll1.1,11,1, . - 1 1 5... ,1-1 1 -1.11, I 11 1 I '-14211111 :111111 ,111,.1: 1,111.1 If 1 w1w" ff? 111111 1 1 1,1 71 .1,1., 11 .11 ' 1 .1-I, 1 11 VK1 1 I '1'11"1,1' !'I1.,i.1'5 " 31 I 1:11 1 .1..11-1 11.1-. 11111 ' V11 1 11 11 11 1' 111, 111, 11, 1 D". .Li HHH: .11 , -1 11 l.'11'!' 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X MHVJHH 11- 1 11.1 111 H111 111 1 1 1 1 , 1 . ..-srcmzsmtrsw-are r-v-gf ,f,:.,,1.f,.,,., W ' ""ffT"'1 -- fi-rf f -- if-:az-+ I1 ' , ., ,M i , , . it 1 . 1 V, . i w 1 i . ,, KutlBlrIh04omGvI A General Studies instructor animates his daily lecture to his afternoon class. 300 Once the storm calmed, general studies hit a capacity as far as the number of students it could have, and set a goal of not increasing enrollment for the '76-'77 academic year. Reasons for this are lack of space within the college and no increase in state funding. Although general studies is three times the size of journalism, for example, it has the same amount of space. "There are people who wouldn't like to see us grow," said Varney. The College of General Studies is the fifth largest college at the University. It offers both an associate degree and bachelor of general studies degree. The BGS degree is for students who desire a more general approach to an undergraduate degree. This program offers students flexibility in choosing courses which they feel are more helpful in their particular area of concentration, The two-year program provides technical and semi-professional skill level courses. After completion of this degree, graduates may apply for admission to other programs. Evaluation of associate degree credits for transferability within the University, however, has been a problem. Varney said other colleges and universities outside of USC accept these credits, whereas in many instances USC does not. The College of General Studies can be considered separately from other colleges within the University because of its different admissions standards. "We have special goals other schools may not have," said Varney. He said general studies caters to a large, special group of students whose interests are not met in other colleges. The associate degree has often been thought of as a "terminal" degree. Varney said students in the two-year program are eligible for admission to other programs. "The degree is not terminal," said Varney. "But there has always been the problem of credit." Resulting from the confusion of transferring credits, the Ioint Subcommittee on the College of General Studies was formed. Chairman of the committee is Dr. LeConte Cathey of the physics department. The purpose of the subcommittee is to find a way to ease the transfer role from General Studies, to integrate these students into the University with full credit for the General Studies course they have taken, according to Varney. Unlike many colleges, general studies requires professors to be in their office during the posted office hours. Varney said promotion within the department is considered on the basis of teaching, advisement and service to the University and to the community. Research and publishing are encouraged, but not required. Varney said general studies also extends every effort to get a student back into school. He said enrollment growth reflects the department's deep concern for individual students. Varney said he was in the administration building at the time it was rampaged by students in 1970. "One thing students were asking for was the freedom to plan their own curriculums, to take the courses they felt were in the best interest of their major," said Varney. "General Studies gave them that freedom." General Studies 'rs 'J Q, me I I, 4 if-fl' N H Qivtiq 4 T fa. 14 'JIT 'A 5 if-3 wk fe IQ X: . 'V T' t- U W rum P' Q- a 5.41 X 1 ' ' A ... 'fi f.1H'.,i-.ug Y my N .Y3i'5?1z,-"Nu ,,, -'R' RFE 'fn , .I A L' f, K: . ' -K jgkifl .g.l- .3 . '-v ' x my ' an Qing., , , ,,,. 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But does the new School of Medicine really exist? Dr. W. N. Adams-Smith, Vice- President for Health Affairs and pen operation is running smoothly. But the school seems to exist only amid a flurry of activity -the recruitment of faculty, the purchase of equipment, and the endless paperwork, which consists of proposals, students and faculty applications, letters to applicants, requisitions for equipment and supplies, orders for textbooks and By Marian Dillashaw required bythe Veterans' Administration, which is supporting the new school. The question of the location of the medical school leads to some confusion. Offices for personnel of the school are presently located in the Williams-Brice School of Nursing and at the Veterans, Administration - Dean of the School of Medicine, said that the complex system of putting together a faculty and a plan of ' books for the library, budget requisitions from the various departments, and necessary forms Hospital. Facilities for the school S also will be located at the present' Veterans' and on campus. Construction of a completely new hospital next-door to the present one is expected to begin sometime in December, 1975, The old hospital will be renovated to house the school's anatomy and pathology departments. Other departments will be located on campus. Booker T. Washington Center is being renovated to house the physiology 'department To acquire experience in the different fields of their training, students will have a number of hospitals in the community available to them. Dr. Borg, Assistant Dean for Student Affairs and Admissions of the School of Medicine, comments that holding classes on campus, as well as at the clinical facility, will be an asset to students. Students will be exposed to the diversity of academic life outside of medicine. They will have opportunities to have classes in the law school and the psychology and philosophy departments. The school has appointed 16 faculty members already and hopes to have an additional 30 by the beginning of the first year of instruction. In appointing the clinical faculty, the school expects to recruit practitioners from all over the country, as well as to utilize local practitioners. The faculty will continue to increase over a period of six to ten years. Commenting on why students would apply to such a young medical school, Dr. Adams-Smith said, "To be honest, the students don't apply Co1umbia's Veterans Administration Hospital on Garners Ferry Road will' be the site of construction of labs and classes for the Medical School. for the right reasons. They don't usually look at the quality of the faculty, although the faculty is highly qualified and in two or three years the word will get around. "The students are more interested in what the campus has to offer them - the availability of coeds and sporting and recreational facilities. The school is situated in a well- established university with very good amenities. There are also many students wanting the available spaces in medical school." Between 500 to 1000 applications were expected by the November application deadline. Because no out-of-state applicants will be admitted, the odds for admission for the applicants in South Carolina will be better than the odds for 304 Medical School af xi?- , xgoinx ipltcants and premed advisers , .R ' , 'QP ea 'z . r Je' ,en . 2 as ' " ' m1 I gm LLJ Nr-se,,4L,QMUScsM APPLICATION FOR THE A ues ons g V ' 'D I. 79765 wma A Y"'1'f'Hm,f NTEHING cLASs in nm V AM --., mr -x ' - fn-mr 2 'Flin V . -, ' - :Q 3 , T fr - --.N 'S 5 g """ "' :fi .- . f- 1 -- ' 2 .1 , a , ' 9 'Z 2 T0. 4 I . Ap I FRU Pllca H. 'lr - . ' r 197 - lc. 6 Borg, Ph Entering C1 'D. Hag 7715 U ' A3813 . ruver Cant D i canon sit? of S ew' for S 8 for ad Dum Caro fum: Al. 1 "11,1 be W-lesion lin, S 'Yarra . Q 32 tg Cho mid qu eh 01 4d f S 'Ui "' Se of H MBI: - Pr! 1901 xt FCEM! Ediqn K 100: 5 DMU' Ior udenfv. r' 1976 L WU be . 2 . V111 bg adllanx cl""- "Ewan: - 3 9 On The Hg gr ,. - Slv Io 1111 "P - dur 'U to Ch. U rm PU- f " 1 his th qllqll lily, Ula, , 'X 'lr fled "fry " 'iz . 'g C 'l7luu,- Mlir- Solnu- - of sf.. 0 4 -' ' Daf19Eder15 Some of the paper that makes up the Medical School includes application forms fabovej, build ing contracts and, of course, rejection slips. applicants in the nation as a whole. There are 15,000 positions in the United States and 44,000 applicants. Only 35 per cent of the applicants will be admitted. Because the school will receive its greatest percentage of funds from the Veteran's Administration for the first few years, veterans will be given preferential treatment in admission to the 32 available spaces in the first Class. The following is a breakdown of the applicants to the originally planned Ianuary class: male, 1883 female, 213 veterans, 503 disabled veterans, 2. It was disappointing to see that of the 202 applicants, only 11 per cent were women. The process of reviewing applicants is extremely complex and , ' 1 Medical School Dune eaens 305 is not based entirely on grades and Medical College Admissions Test CMCATJ scores. "The committee will read every application, considering the applicant's personality, motivation and integrity -the basic values which people would like to see in their physician," Dr. Borg said. "The applicant should be treated as an individual. Ultimately we want that applicant to treat patients as individuals." All applicants selected for possible admission into the school were then screened through personal interviews. Asked whether or not he thought the new medical school would solve the problem of distribution of doctors over the state, Dr. Adams- Smith said, "You can't distribute what you haven't got. South Carolina has an absolute shortage of doctors. The school will supply the state with more doctors, especially more doctors with a commitment to primary-care practice." Although the school seems lost amid the countless papers, Dr. Adams-Smith is confident that the future of the new medical school is promising. "The clinical facilities of Columbia have been sitting around for years, crying out to be utilized for teaching. The combination of a l I wealth of clinical materials and a .Q well-established university has the I potential to produce the finest p A medical center in the region or in the -Dam Edans I18ti0I1- Dr. W. N. Adams Smith, Dean of USCSM during the fall semester, has a career in health educa- tion. 306 Medical School he AS She was 14 years old and it was her second time in Family Court. The charge was originally assault with intent to kill, but the judge reduced it to simply assault. She had pulled a knife on a girl in the public housing project where she lived. Her behavior was symptomatic of much broader problems. Her father and mother had separated. Her mother kept her close to home: she would like to have played on the girls' basketball team at school. but she had no transportation to and from practices. She had been placed in classes below her level of performance, and her schoolwork bored her. She could not get along well with either her classmates or her teachers. She provoked trouble especially in her math class. Family Court asked for a student from the College of Social Work to handle the girl's case - to counsel her and work with her family to eliminate the underlying disturbances that led to the assault. The request went to Dorothy R. Harmon, faculty director for the College's Project CAUSE, and Harmon delegated it to first-year student Ianie Schuler. It was Schuler's first assignment, after having come from a job at the State Hospital. Schuler began by compiling a social history of the girl using records at Family Court. Then she interviewed the family and drew up two lists from her pooled notes: one of all the problems involved, as she saw them, and the other of possible solutions to them. She submitted the lists to Harmon, who gave her approval to Schuler's plans. Now the treatment could begin. Schuler began counseling the family regularly. She visited the father, who lived nearby. and asked him if he might visit the girl now and then: he refused The girls teachers were told of her problems at home She pulled her math grades up Schuler persuaded her to do volunteer work with Brothers and Sisters. sharing with children younger than herself Sr hula-I also Social Work l N y 14 . . . By Tim Hedgecothl l l l l l I- Q t iv 15557 LL lag s flftdfitl-.l'fgf?"t " l 'Q' s , . 3-,, J., ,tr , V5 Xt Z ff- tl , - ,L . . x ff? 5 '5. ' "xx I H" , fdilxl, ' f sg T 5551 .ff , , X A' e t,---'iv t . Q ' '--""' Wlf K ff: A-bf -r-., W X I .ff xx A Ji X xggf EU T IE 271,12 f ,iff T f Qiiritzft 21? Qfxixkfix l l l i 307 ln the third floor headquarters of Project CAUSE, students Ianie Schuler and Arnie Ish- izuka review their casework during the early afternoon. 1' : If ,, ' "J ff yy J recruited a friend to help with the visits in the case, and her friend, a professional social worker, is now a volunteer worker on similar cases in Family Court. At a recent probationary hearing, the judge XS, Bdflh I X ffor "Columbia Housing Authority Social Enhancementnj when it was established in 1972 under the Housing Authority. It passed through the administration of the Richland County Department of Social of Child Advocacy COCAJ, under the l governorfs Supervision. Barbara Project CAUSE's faculty dilrector, Dorothy R. Harmon, chats about field cases among the eight Ch H f t d t f students who form the pro1 ect. appe ,a ormersu en 0 I-Iarmonfs, talked with Gov. Iames B. Edwards about the need for an agency of the state to examine the records of adopted children. Many of the files on children in adoptive or foster homes, she said, were incomplete, inaccurate or missing. The children were virtually lost. Files should be updated, she said, and the children found and reassigned to better homes if necessary. "We have an SPCA for animals," I-Iarmon said, "but children are often less well-kept than animals." The office was given the ' responsibility also to find permanent homes for newly eligible children. CA law recently passed the legislature that severs parental rights if the parent fails to visit his child in a foster home within a year.l Chappell asked for help from the project in finding suitable parents. In a booth built by a USC fraternity, volunteers from the project and the community alike passed out yellow brochures at the State F air explaining the children's needs. The project later received 45 calls from across the state requesting information on adoption or foster homes. Workers interviewed the prospective parents about the nature of the home they wanted to setup - temporary or permanent, for a newborn baby or a teen-ager. "Theblue-eyed, blond little baby Social Work f T 399 especially of body language and the "This one is not like any other things people communicate with person." College of Soeial Work Dean: Ioseph I-lulngatell N N Number of Faculty Nulmlberlof Students Enrolled: 162 USC Departmental Budget for 1975-76: 3444.161 Grants and Contracts Awarded for fiscal 1975: 3794675 Social Work 7 Y 7 , 1 1 X R ' W 1 . N C ' ' . 4 . . 7 N - . 6 777.777, . . , M7 I M M 7 My M7 Y.. .1 N W ,7 77 7' mwnmmwwmvwunfv 7. 7 Wfiwww- . M7 H .MKWW Nw.Kf..W,. 7.7 I U -X 7 7' g f M-'K A 7 K MH 1 - - V' ' 6 M wvwvmw, W, wwwx Mx - ' ' I 'w . .., 3 ffm 7 W' rVf7"N'fN'r1n.-www'fWvw'W"wm'NwW'UNU 'Vw wx 1 V J 1 . I 1 77731731 IX W X W7 7 7 N U7 37 77 IX 'WL 137 WWW IX 37 ' IX 37 M 77 IX ,X 5 . 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Business its he By Karen Petit It was a slow but inevitable merger, a continuing step in the development of business in the state. It is the relationship between the USC College of Business Administration and the state business environment itself. Official ties between the USC BA school and the business world are through the USC-Business Partnership Foundation. The foundation is a non-profit, legal entity managed by a board of trustees composed of five USC officials and 20 representatives from the business world. Shareholders and trustees in the foundation have contributed monetary gifts to the new BA school to make the college a leader in the business world. "Six years ago, an effort was begun to effect a strong cooperative spirit, a merger, between the college and the business community," Dean Iames Kane said. "The idea was to help the college take advantage of a rapid growth rate and make a timely giant leap forward in the quality and diversification of its programs. Almost 82.82 million was raised in private funds for this purpose. A lot has happened in the last few years." Of the 32.8 million raised during the BA school campaign, approximately one million dollars remains in a special endowment fund. During the rapid growth period, of the school several years ago. money from the fund was spent 312 ERSOT TEREST A S I-IOOI. money without consideration to conserve. Because of a tightened budget this year, the remaining money has been placed in an endowment to allow the school to use its financial earnings. This will give the school approximately S70,000 more for its budget. Although state appropriations for the college have increased 83 per cent in the last four years, the business school is still in need of money. Within the year,,Kane said, he will be making another appeal to the state's businesses for money. Kane hopes to raise the endowment figure to 552.5 million so that interest 'earnings will provide an annual S150,000 for the school, When the first campaign was over, a lot had been accomplished with the money raised.lThere was a handsome new building for which private funds had' provided special features. Without this money these "extras" would not have been possible. S Private allocations for the building amounted to S808,785 and made possible the reference library, a faculty lounge, and carpeting throughout the building. These same funds also provided for a visiting professorship program, faculty research, scholarships, endowed professorships as Well as expenses for graduate programs and an , adjunct professorship program. When this campaign was over, the college felt contributing businesses should be recognized for their efforts so that students would realize the close relationship existing between the college and business environment. BA administrators structured the size of the business gifts and then visited each of the businesses making the largest contributions. The visits were to attain permission to use the companies' names within the building. Several businesses chose to remain anonymous but others agreed to the proposal. The Elliott White Springs Library, the Belk Auditorium, the Bankers Trust Room, and The Iames C. Self- Management Science Center are just a few BA rooms representing the state businesses. The room-naming procedure is what Kane calls "a soft sell" to the businesses. Yet during the last campaign and the one that is to begin this year, Kane points out that it is really in the best interest of the businesses themselves to support the USC BA school. And once they invest, he adds, they have a stronger interest in the college. This year the BA school has had a continuation of several trends. Graduate student enrollment has increased from a total of 151 students in 1967 to 955 students this year. While graduate students are becoming a greater proportion of the total enrollment, the undergraduate enrollment has stabilized. Total enrollment figures this year were Business Administration 3,300 students. In becoming a greater part of the community business world, the business school is placing greater emphasis on specialized programs. The Master's in International Business Studies CMIBSJ program is adding international dimensions to business administration. Unique in concept and design, MIBS is a first for both USC and the international business world. MIBS, a two-year program, was developed to give the student a course of study in business among multi-national firms. MIBS began in 1971 when administrators at the College of Business Administration QBAJ 'realized the school had reached a developmental stage where it could ' find areas in which to excel. "I have tried to look at our environment in terms of state, region and nation to determine where we can provide a service which is both unique and needed," Kane said. In looking at the international scene, Kane observed that transnational business was just beginning to grow.. The situation became one of finding where the BA school could belong in this changing environment. Because of increasing foreign investment in the state, the development of the Charleston port, and the constituency that would recruit USC's business students, it was obvious to BA faculty that becoming internationally oriented was a worthwhile project. The task of formulating the new program was primarily Kane's. "With this type program," Kane said, "you can make it a kind of minor and attach it to another program. We decided that there was enough subject matter and need to make it a separate degree program." In 1972 Kane appointed a committee of representatives from Business Administration the.international scene to study the direction of the MIBS program. After consultation with educators and top executives from U.S. and European multi-national firms, curriculum for the MIBS student was formulated. Important features of MIBS study include intensive language training, a unified business program, supplementary seminars and short courses conducted by multi-national specialists, cultural instruction, and a six-month working internship overseas. The internship is determined by the language tract a student wishes to follow. For the first-year MIBS students, Spanish and German were offered with English being taught to foreign students. Last summer, French and Portuguese were added to the language tract for the second MIBS class. The first MIBS class began their studies on june 15, 1974, a day which marked a new era in the business world. Of the 40 students accepted into the program, 22 remain in MIBS and are now serving their internships. Germany, Colombia, and Belgium are internship locations for these students. Foreign students have their internships in the United States. According to Dr. Allen Dickerman, director for the program, reports from students in the various countries have been extremely favorable. In smaller companies, students spend a short time in each department so that they will become familiar with each aspect of business life. Later they will be assigned to a specific project. Students with jobs in larger companies have taken staff positions in particular departments. "They are all working hard," ' Dickerman said. "There is no question about that. I'm not sure they will find it to be what they thought it would be like. "Some are in training where they feel the experience they are getting is at a lower level than what they anticipated. Others are asked to work on things they are not sure they can do. In all, it just depends on the country and its culture and the amount of experience the companies have had in working with students on this level." Today's MIBS program is a comprehensive approach to the study of international business. Never before has any American college or university approached international business as distinct and separate from the overall view of business administration. The USC BA school is the first to emphasize language study and internship programs. Becauseof this new emphasis, business executives have had an extremely positive reaction to MIBS. Important to these executives was the practicality of the program in meeting the needs of multi-national enterprise. According to one multi! national firm, "Our experience in sending U.S. managers to overseas locations has determined versatility and adaptability to be the most desirable characteristics of those men who successfully make the transition into international work. Your program appearsto expose the students to those needs and should produce some excellent results." The first MIBS class will graduate in May, 1975. job opportunities for many of these students became available during the fall without their knowledge as they served on their internships. "We.are turning out a product multi-national companies want," Dickerman said. Yet opportunities are not immediately available for direct overseas assignments, so the MIBS student can expect to start a career with a domestic assignment and may acquire a position overseas later.. 313 According to Dickerman, "The MIBS program prepares a student for an eventual career in international business but does not offer a glamorous life in an international setting." MIBS is an intensive academic career opportunities in a tightening job market. It promises to grow and expand every year as a catalyst in the business world. The key to the success of the program has been the foresight in developing an internationally course of study requiring rigorous discipline and dedicated effort. Many first-year students found that an average of 80-90 hours a week in study time was required for an "A" in the program. But the program is challenging and new, and offers Dans Eduns oriented course of study and the practicality of the endeavor, Dickerman said. While the internship is an important feature of MIBS, Dickerman said, "I don't think the content of any program is important in making it succeed unless you work hard to make a' product important to the employer and future student so that both get good quality." Revolutionary, unique, dynamic - this is MIBS. Budget problems, however, are hindering the college's expansion into new areas of business study. Although student enrollment increased nine per cent from last year, the state appropriated less money for the college. There'isn't enough money to hire new faculty, Kane said, and that is why some BA' classes are so large this year. "At some point we may have to limit student enrollment," he added. "We have not only increased in terms of numbers but also in teaching performance. We have a young group of men and women but they are a very dedicated group. The average age is about 37. They are a pretty aggressive team doing a lot of research. That is what the name of- this group is. "We could meet under the trees or out in a barn. Facilities help but unless you have a good faculty, the facilities don't really matter. Harvard and Wharton School in Pennsylvania have been interested in recruiting several of our faculty- members. "We have grown in quality through expansion," Kane said. "We are playing in the right field." 314 Business Administration I 1 9. CES J' of ,V bli Mi fl . CRITICA By Ann Ross What factors 1nfluence people to major 1n news ed1tor1al 1ournal1sm"' It may be the prestlge of be1ng a reporter regardless of low pay Or perhaps It IS a zest for the wr1tten word Watergate has had a mayor affect on the pubhc s op1n1on of 1ournal1sts It has also affected students vlews about what a news ed1tor1a1ma1or should be Before Watergate law and lawyers fascmated me stated Carl Strange I looked forward to the day when I myself would be a member of the bar But seemg the weakness and the lack of conv1ct1on among Watergate attorneys d1s1llus1oned me I began wr1t1ng for my hxgh school paper and thus followed a growmg mterest 1nto lournahsm George Morr1s a 1un1or news ed1tor1alma1or sa1d I ve Ive always been mterested 1n government po11t1cs and the 11ke so I flgured news ed was the rlght place for me to be I haven t changed my m1nd e1ther For MOTFIS Watergate dldnt have any apprec1able effect on my gett1ng 1nto news wr1t1ng At the beg1nn1ng of Watergate Morr1s was wrttmg only sports lournalnsm Q' P.: N5 O and was e Nlxen Suppgrtef broadcastmg 1n part1cular Needless te Say he eemmented The student chose broadcast1ng the results ef Vvatergate because 1t IS more flex1b1e Augmentlng the mam hbrary s collectlon the college s own readlng room provxdes current pub llcatlons for current events mxnded students changed my perspectwes on government pol1t1cs and the role of a news wr1ter Other lournallsm f1CldS also were affected by Watergate A broadcast major sa1d The med1a coverage of Watergate helped spark my mterest 1n lournallsm 1n general and then the other sequences I wanted somethmg to do that wasn t money or1ented sa1d Ioey Adams a sen1or 1n the news ed1tor1al sequence Adams sa1d that at f1rst Watergate almost made h1m get out of 1ournal1sm because the ftrst part of Watergate made people 315 0 0 0 I I . - - as I I A4 as i ' - n - . 7 7 - H .-- n ' - ' ' l ' 7 , . Cf ' ' 77 7 ll li ' l ' 77 . 1 . . - ' ' ' - H 1 , ,,,,, always enjoyed writing and . .,,,n,E,,.n, ' ' ' . . . , . , . . , . . ' - - - I ' . - ' ' 19 1 a Ll I . Y . 7 ' 1 ' 7' 1 - y, . ' 77 u - , ' Ii ' 7 , . l l . . H I l ' - - - - 91 1 s ' ' - - H . 22" wonder about the credibility of the press." Others did not feel any effect from Watergate in their decision to choose a journalism career. Greg Breazeale does not regard Watergate as a factor in his sequence choice. He stated, "I chose journalism as my major as a means to achieving an ambition to be a writer, an ambition I have held since late childhood." Brezeale is concerned with Dune Edsns Barbara Hussey operates the copysetting com- puter in the Practicum. some of the mistakes made in journalistic reporting. He said, "The longer I stay in journalism and see errors in newspapers, the moreconvinced I become that I can make a significant contribution in this field." A few students claimed news- editorial as a major because they felt it would prepare them best to be a free-lance writer. To Bill Hoffman and others, journalism is a very open and diversified field. Hoffman said, "I'm in journalism because it doesn't limit your scope of anything. You learn about so many things. In other majors you are so bound to certain objectives. In journalism you see the world." However, some who enjoy news-ed journalism find it is not for them as a life-long career. One student who is dropping out of news-ed to switch to International Studies said, "I love studying journalism, but I wouldn't want to have to do it for a living. I'm not that motivated or devoted to journalism." N ews-editorial professors are stressing competency to their students. Avoidable mistakes are extremely damaging to a journalist and the medium he or she represents. Dr. Henry T. Price, chairman for the news-editorial sequence, said his concern is with "the quality of professional journalism." Dum! Modern copyediting equipment like this CRT is used in the Practicum. His switch from a professional journalist to a professor of journalism was a basic decision in which he felt he might have more impact on it fjournalismj as a teacher than continue as a professional journalist. journalism is a field which brings in many people with varied interests and varied biases. The College of journalism is attempting to guard against the biases to develop an open-minded field of journalists for the future. 316 lournahsm I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I my od I line By Sue Oney Within the university system at USC there are three separate divisions of health-oriented educationg these are the College of Health and Physical Education, the School of Public Health, and the College of Public Health and Associate Health Programs. The College of Health and Physical Education is divided into two sections, Physical Education and Health Education, and offers both a B.A. and an M.A. in each field. Physical Education majors lapproxirnately 450 undergraduates at this timej train for future jobs in coaching, teaching P.E. and working in recreational facilities such as the YMCA. There are approximately 60 undergraduates in the Health. Education field of the College of Health and P.E. These students train for careers in community health agencies, and teaching health in the school system. "The graduate program is divided 50-50 between the two programs at this time," stated Dr. Roger G. Sargent of the College. "We have a total of 275 candidates enrolled in the graduate program, many of whom are involved in research projects here in the Blatt P.E. Center." Some of these research projects are drug research, human parasites, exercise physiology, and anthropometric measuring. These research projects in the College of Health and Physical Education are the most highly funded here at USC, financed by both federal and private agencies. The School of Public Health is strictly a graduate program, offering Master's of Arts degrees Health Schools E Ay I I KBllBBVlh0lDYYIl7W I l W T ' "T" Across from Booker T. Washington, the newly razed University acquisition, a remodeled Sol- omon Blatt Physical Education Center faces Wheat Street. NU STREET 'SHOES PERMITTED UN THE TARTAN svmjttooas SHE S T NI SHOES ONLY -4,- rw I-' 1 ' Kan ennnalomsw On one of the many courts in the Center's gymnasium, a gathering of afternoon athletes plays a four-on-four pick-up game. , 317 I I 'W Mg Loitering as a spectator sport: Brad Hitchings, Dwight Efird and Dale Steele flash diving judge cards to rate, on a scale of one-to-ten, the female passers-by. The crowded Sol Blatt parking lot attests to the activity both inside and on the adjacent tennis courts. Field C, beside the P.E. Center, is worn down under the soles of sweat-jacketed joggers on a chilly afternoon. KArIBnr1hul0m0w 318 .15- Barth Karl Baflhuloflww olomsw A., Public Education and Public lglealthlgancl IZ!laster's of Science in l?ublicfHealth. " . C There are five different , .specialized fields of study to chooserfrorniin this school: V Environment, Health Educators, PublicCHealth Administration, Health Measurement, and Public Health2 Nursing. e ' This is the newest school of the ifhreefiivith itslfirstigroup.. of Students graduating this May. At time there are 180graduate candidates, and to lleep the enrollment 'fairly Small, Qqly 50 i new stodentsare admitted each semester. gr According to the program that one follows, completion of a degree in the1School of Public Healtlfmay take from one to four years. i C C The College of Public Health Associate Health Prograrns is inet directly tconnecfted with either of the other two schools, other Y than tlie- facfifhatsraduates with a BS. degree in Nursing. may g oontinne their-educatiomin the 'School of Plliblitl Health. Thisscollege offers several types ofldegrees. Both tlie College of C ,Nursing and the Department of Speetfh Pathology and Audiology are divisions of the College of Public Health and Associate . Health Programs: Students can reG,l-tive arB.A., PS., or A.A:degree from-the f 1 Health Sdiools l l l College of Health and Physical Education l Dean: Warren Ciese l C i USC Departmental Budget for 1975-76: 3465353 College of Public Health and Associated Health Programs l Vice President for Health Allied Professions: Williamiiiidams Smith p p USC Departmental Budget for IQP5-76? S164,922 l l CAudiology and Speech Pathology School of Public Health B i Dean: Rolf 'Hinton i ii l USC Departmental Budget for 1975-76: S347,785 Eds. Note. 55623111 Adams SI1'l1th!I'6S1gl18d from USC in Decemberf No replacement has been l X .M ,ii W X. M T1 ,N M W W A M Y Ni H V5 A i W M i, . ,WE Hit W AA , 1 X L. I F1 1. x.x 117V-I 1 "4 P. T L--,, . . ,N ,e. . 1 X R5 1, flj P U1 -'if Yi 'ex '7 W fr- 6 Q 2 L, r N --f ff '1 NN X1 X, 1 ,V N ff' ' N-N V lj 1 1 I7 QA KQJJ. Yfffudf' L Url! X ' Q l A 1 l XJ!! 115m F1 1X 1,14 1f! 'f L-': J-' ,-xxx " rji: 1V,1,!V,f 1 I I J K v r pg gn . .,. -S: ,T fx. 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'7 vi ' 320 v 1 r .Q '1f5'E.' 5 ,ff 1 H- 1, . K .A .QL , ..,-....-...--fm? -70 f ' N Q '- wsg, Q Dum Bdsm Photo Essay 5, - T -+ 1 r E Q 1 - EEE? 4' , I f t i Z 5 4 T i t g 1'- 2 Y ? JB 1 t ?E t E La- 2 -H. n ' B . ag E c 1- l - I i .I qi mx PM x ,T U Study, Irsatime consuming, L1 L W, will ,Q ,tri a, 5 migraine-inducing chore at V Q pix. O . times, but the energy and tl xllti ,fm fm, aj lg liek" Mfr :UD attention must be summoned xiii" U U 'W' ff L ll Lt E' X l' anyway. So when "physical fi fri T1 Ax IA- :txt 777, is N - fa aa. - ,a ff--. . N! - t .' f ' -. V . ,J v x,y :J L: , . .Q . X.. -as ll V' ll I 1- 1 it r trim r1.1 lr ttf to graffiti" is blasting from the room across the hall, you may have to pack up the textbooks and move elsewhere. The reference rooms in McKissick. The benches in front of Russell I-louse. The planters in front of Humanities. The walls of the Pickens Street bridge. The sculpture at Sloan. The Horseshoe. The reflecting pool. Or, what is probably the favorite, the rolling hillocks of Gibbes Green. You can lie in the grass reading, in extensive tree shade, while a squirrel sniffs out an acorn or a berry not a foot away. Wherever on campus you choose to set down your burdens and dive into your readings, you can always retreat within yourself to explore. Which is, simply, why you're here. - By Tim Hedgecoth E1 . - .,,l 'sw ii-f' S 'i.l .M I ,, ,.v uf. , L,-., , .. I DSM Eduhi Ta I Dano Edons Kohl Gmvvr Photo Essay Wherever you are in Qoufh Carolina gou're near U90 ,. tx. 4, l 7 ,. .-- 32 -, P26 1 Charlotte 7 "'::1 ' ' ' A-77: U5 21 ti G . Af f , Spartanburg O k Hill reenvlll r 2 l Union lLanc ster -I-955 .,:-- it- 54' :.-W . O Lg: i Z: -':: E ... I-85 ' Anderson I -. Florence 17 ...lf ' Conway yt: ..,., A . -q.s13E:?' , ,. ...,.. ,... 5 3? yr i-2o :1-- r rr, V izzz df Beaffh . .,.. .w zxzgz zlz ' gy f p .e,e U5 301 ..,. harleston I-95 :"' ' I I Beaufort us 1 .Savannah US 321 The University of South Carolina is a prog- ressive, intellectually exciting center of teaching and research dedicated to meeting f the needs of South Carolina and the nation. It serves as a leading influence in the vital industrial and cultural development of the state, and performs a variety of public serv- ice functions. The University's 218-acre main campus is located downtown in the state capital, Columbia. Its resources are extended throughout the state through a system of seven regional campuses which offer two- year programs leading to associate degrees or to further study on the main campus. Regional campuses are located in Aiken, Allendale fSalkehatchie campusj, Beaufort, Conway fCoastal Carolina campusj, Lancas- ter, Spartanburg and Union. The map indi- cates the location of the University's cam- puses with respect to the state's major cities and highways. SCDMEDAY YCDU'LL BE CNE CF US ,, ,. -.,:.H. -. - Y L L I? u-..::- I -' 1.7 , ,,,-,.,,, .. is ' I -,. ., ,..u.,.. -.,,:,mw U- fl V4 ., A ' ' - . I I Q "SQ , ' xx iw -Y N Y U " f K I It 1 .. f x You might not think so, but you have a lot in common with us. Someday, in tact, you're going to be one of us. When you graduate and leave USC,,you'll be faced with a choice. You can break all ties with the University and forget your college years ever existed. Or you can keep in touch with the people you shared so much of your lite with and make your college years last a lot longer. We represent thousands of University of South Carolina alumni located throughout the United States. And we're here to help you keep in touch with your alma mater. Although our activities are by no means limited to alumni, the USC Alumni Association offers its members opportunities tor entertainment, reduced-rate travel, cul- tural programs, speakers, class reunions and other social im " ' 1 x Y- --. .,'5'9": ' L I " "ft I :Fl as I "5" - F' " ' V ia' ' vii , 'A Y . N events, and we keep your informed on University happen- ings. It you don't want to say goodbye to USC when you graduate, get in touch with us, the USC Alumni Associa- tion, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. 29208. We can make your days at USC last as long as you vvant them to. USC ALUMNI ASSOCIATION ,...--H" 75 CENTS April 1975 L WILL GREEN STREET EVER BE CLOSED ? DQLES 155511: 111-qv -' 1. 1 1" 11 1 1 1 , 11 .'1 1 1 11 1 '1 1 1' 1 1 ' 1 dm1f11S'Lf3'lOYS 1 ,W TT!" .1 '4U"1 1 11 12 1 ,, 2,1 ', '1 1 1' '1 '1 I 11 1, Q, 1 1, 1,,. 1 1' 1 f' 11 L- 1 1 1 . I , 1 1, . 1 11 .L--1 d A !'J ,m,, Ylw-114-fx N, 111 I 1 1 s1uc1e111S L59 '1 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 141 W L L1 L 1 L L 1 L La 1 L 1 1 LL I 1 1-. 1 1 ' I ' fi-, 1 1 L! 1 1 1 E 11 11,--1-.ufxmr L 11 1 1 11 V X 1 1y,i . 1,1 , 1 1 ,I M 1 1 1 14,-- 1.. , 1 1 1 1 1 1' 111 1 -111 T1-113 TE1RI1H111,4'1,L: C,f31H1QI11.-11N1,fQ1'EZ 1 1C N1 L .K 1-,, ,.. L, ,J Q 1,3 - 1151511 Ff1f1i1'1 PERTH 111,11 Y L.A.... - K..-' ' ., 'J 1 L E.-- 1. in . Wfbgmenig 63 CONC D? WGNDERING? Because many students have common concerns, the Counseling Bureau is offering a va- riety of special programs. Contact-COUNSELING BUREAU, PENDLETON BUILDING- 777-5223. Couples Growth Groups Life Planning Workshops Academic Adaption'Group Management of Test Personal Growth Groups Assertive Training for Anxiety Rational-Living Seminars Women Mature Women Support Vocational Exploration Child-Raising Workshop Group Weight Reduction Groups T""? 2'c.'q?.':2A"' -LN, . A .1 if . ,u.' 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Q 4 75 CENTS 0 APRIL 1976 STAFF EDITOR-IN-CHIEF: BOB BAKER FORUIVI EDITOR: ANN ROSS ART DIRECTOR: TIM HEDGECOTH COPY EDITOR: CATHERINE WATSON DESIGN ASSISTANT: NELLE EARGLE PHOTOGRARHERS: MARK ALEXANDER KARL BARTHOLOMEW KIP CULLER GENE GAILLARD DANE EDENS BOBBY HARRELL STEVE SHEHEEN DON WHITNEY WRITERS: LAURALEE BARRETT BRENDA BELL EILEEN BERLIN BRENDA EASTERLING LINDA EDSALL LIZ ELLIS REX GALE KURT GARDNER BETH GRAHAM CECILE HOLMES KAREN PETIT ANDY THOMPSON ALICE WENNER KAREN WHITAKER LOGO BY TIM HEDGECOTH COVER PHOTOS BY DANE EDENS CONTENTS STUDENT GOVERNMENT ASSOCIATION: Reviewing Steve Hill's Term ................. .... 3 29 FORUM CHRONOLOGY: A Look at 1975-1976 ..................... .... 3 30 WHAT REGISTRATION IS ALL ABOUT .... .... 3 36 COVER STORY: BEHIND ADMINISTRATION SCENES .............. 338 STUDENT GOVERNIVIENT ASSOCIATION ELECTIONS: Featming Tommy Efland, and Frank Shealey ........... 344 STUDENT ALLOCATION S COMIVIITFEE: W'here Student Funds Are Sent ............. .... 3 46 INTERVIEW: Vice President for Student Affairs, James Campbell ...................... .... 3 47 BREAKING DOWN THE USC BUDGET .............. 348 SOUTH CAROLINA ECONOMY: How People in the Business Administration Deal with It . .350 CAIVIPUS CONSTRUCTION: Will It Ever End? .................................. 352 THOMAS COOPER LIBRARY: Will It Ever Open? ............. .... 3 54 USC BOARD OF TRUSTEES: Featuring T. Eston Marchant .... .... 3 56 USC ADMINISTRATORS: Their Other Interests ........ .... 3 58 USC INFIRMARY: Fun Things to Tell and Know ........................ 362 INTERVIEW: Dr. Mitchell, Vice President of Administrative Services . . .364 USC'S OMBUDSMEN: Who are They and What do They Accomplish ..... .... 3 65 GREEN STREET ISSUE: Again? ........................... .... 3 66 MEDIA AND COMMUNICATION: USC's Big Four ................................... 370 RENOVATION OF THE HISTORICAL SHOE ........ 374 . . . WAITING IN THE TICKET LINES ......... .... 3 76 USC'S STADIUM: S.C.'s First Bicentennial Blast ........ .... 3 78 JOB PLACEMENT: How it is Attempted ......... .... 3 80 JOB OUTLOOKS FOR 1976 .............. .... 35 WOMEN IN THE USC PROFESSORIATE .... .... 3 83 EQUAL RIGHTS AMENDMENT: W'hy it Failed .......................... .... 3 86 PARTICIPATION IN ROTC: Why ......................... .... 3 88 EDITORIAL: VVho Wins in the Fight for Rights? . . . . . . .390 Icoll. Heconcels. Shit, I soy. We go get drunk.. Gonzo lives. Wednesday afternoon. On the way to the SGA. Appointment with the President for a second interview. "Hello, I'm with the Garnet and Black and I'm doing a story on how things have gone so far this year," I had told him the Monday before, after he had come, ten minutes late. He gave me a lousy half hour of PR iar- gon, but at least had made me another appointment. Today. Why did I have a premonition, iournalist's intuition? I soon found out. He cancelled out on me. I left my name and number with the chick at the desk. He'd call me. Friday afternoon. Still hasn't called. Got drunk last night and today I try him again and make an appointment and catch a few beers. Monday afternoon. Finished my last exam this morning after studying yester- day with tears in my eyes and hammers in my head. One-thirty appointment with the president and I wait until 2:10. The secre- tary is very apologetic and tries to call the prez. No answer. I leave my name and number again and go to my room to sleep. Dave is leaving the next day and so me and Bill go out with him that night and drink some beers. Dean Alexander's office calls at 9:30 to change his afternoon appointment with the president for the next day. I sleep. That night we go drinking again and get in very late. Wednesday morning. I drag myself out of bed, moaning, and get dressed. It's cold outside, and raining like a fiend as I slog to the SGA office. The prez isn't there, but the chick at the desk calls his room and gets him. She asks me if I want to talk to him. Talk to him? I want to scream at him, but I control myself. He says he's kinda tied up now. Oh, I say. Well, when do you have time, I ask with careful sarcasm. "Well," he says, "how long are you gonna be around?" The university throws me out of my room Saturday, I think, but I iust tell him, "My deadline is Friday." "Oh," he says. He says he'll call me that afternoon, but I get his number and decide I'll call him myself. l'll hound him, I think, if he doesn't call me. Wednesday afternoon. By 5:00 he hasn't called yet, so I decide to start hounding. I call his room and he's not there. His roommate takes my name and number, and I get a sense of deia vu. It seems like this has happened before. I call three times more that evening, and there is nobody home. "Shit, shit, shit," I think. I go get drunk. Thursday afternoon. Still no word. I sit down and begin bitching and typ- ing. "Quit bitching," Bill says again after a while, "and let's go out and get drunk." We do. We get back and I feel too good to sleep. So I sit down to type. The story still does not want to be written, but I type Une Year Later Hill's Student Government Platform Revisited BY KURT GARDNER At the end of the fall semester, Steve Hill said he was progressing well in terms of fulfilling the promises he made in his campaign. The promises were in the form of a 26-position campaign platform in which he pledged to work to change the university food service, gain a student vote on the Board of Trustees, change the housing contract and cut the SGA budget to S35,000, as well as to work on solving other issues, including the Green Street problem. "I feel like we've had pretty good success on that," said Hill about the Green Street issue. "The trustees have voted to endorse the closing of the street, so now the students' Green Street opinion has become a university position. "Now that the official position of the university is to close the street," said Bob Alexander, Dean for Student Activities, "the Columbia City Council has made a pub- lic statement that they may reconsider the issue if they are shown new data that war- rants this. Hill said there are "new factors in the case," such as the fact that the Campco report did not evaluate pedestrian traffic in the area, or the effect the opening of the library and the Russell House expansion will have on the amount of pedestrian traffic. At the end of the fall semester, Green Street remained open. As for the student vote on the Board of Trustees, Hill said, "We've taken it farther than anyone ever has before." SGA took the proposal to the Board to find out what information the Board wanted, and they will present their case at the next Board meeting in May. The South Carolina State Legislature, however, has the final say on the matter, because they appoint all Board members. Another of his 26 platform positions was a change in the university food service. Hill had something in mind like having "a Burger King or MacDonald's come into ARA." But Hill said, "ARA has been making an improvement." He added, "When university officials began to talk, maybe it scared ARA." Housing services are now under student affairs, and Hill said this body is less likely to try to take advantage of students because they are more student-oriented. Hill said a problem with student faith lies in the fact that students usually hear only about things like the botched election. "We've been more in the news because we've done more, been more controversial," said Hill. One thing that got in the news was a story that Hill charged Vice President Trey Lott with dereliction of duty. Senator David Wilsford described it this way: "Steve accused Trey of not doing all of his duties over the summer." Judiciary Committee Chairman Willis Walker said his committee is "investigating what they said to find out if it's true." The committee will decide if the matter should be dropped, if Lott and Hill should be reprimanded, or perhaps recommend impeachment. Hill said he had mentioned to someone on the Gamecock that he "didn't think Trey had been doing everything I thought he should be doing." It got "blown out of pro- portion," Hill said. "I was taken out of context, misquoted." "The media can print what they want to," he added. How does Hill think he can get more favorable coverage? "The best idea I can think of is to cultivate friends in the media." Because students hear mostly about things that go wrong in SGA, Hill has had trou- ble with his promise to restore student faith. "This year may not be any better," he said. "My thoughts then may have been a little idealistic. People are still gonna be critical." anyway. The words appear magically, and perhaps incoherently, on the paper. When it's finished, I sleep. Friday. I wake up with an ungodly hang- over and when I look into the mirror, I decide not to read the story. I put a paper clip on it and take it over to the Garnet and Black. And the president wonders why he doesn't get good coverage in the media. - Kurt Gardner 75 A STUDENT ALMANAC What else could Whatever happened to the spirit of '76? Dur- ing this last of the first 200 years before the Bicentennial of our hard-won freedom, Ameri- cans searched for meaningful ways to celebrate while standing by and watching Cambodia first, then South Vietnam fall to an aggressor. Mil- lions of orphans and refugees and war victims cried out fglr peace and relief. And while most nev l t ' er go a peace in Asia, back at Carolina the atmosphere was hardly one of rebellion. April F May Students experience flim-tlam insurance salesmen when questionable or illegal policies are sold by Fidelty Union Life Company. To save face or not to save face was the real debate in Congress over what to do in Southeast Asia. Congressmen withheld aid, Hanoi won and America's decade of involvement in the area virtually came to an end. usc students, Jim Barroll, Mike Buckley, Winston Duncan and Rick King, of the Pie-In-Your-Eye, Inc. are arrested and charged with pieing James B. Meri- wether as he was introducing lecturer Cleanth Brooks from Yale University. Millions of South Vietnamese refugees flood the United States. Britain and Australia waive immigra- tion regulations for orphans. Signature of parents for students 18 years old is no longer needed for housing contracts if they are a resident of South Carolina. King Faisal, monarch of Saudi Arabia is assassi- nated by Prince Faisal Musaed who was announced as mentally deranged. v 330 E.,SP1,R 'l' U1""75.,... f 6 121 de e r I.- Ford announces support for Business. Exams lend way for the cam- pus to take a break from some 20,000 students. . .but only after Governor James Edwards is given the opportunity to address the commencement exercises. During the break, trustees seize the opportunity to enact substantial tuition increases: S25 for in-state students per semes- ter and S50 for out-of-state. Cause for increase blamed on inflation and state budget cuts. Meanwhile, nationwide the Bicentennial "takes to the road" for a show on wheels with wagon trains, caravans, and the free- dom train. -- aa-aafa. A V Ford and gun control do not agree. At least with the idea of banning handguns in high crime areas. U.S. reactions culminating from Yassir Arafat's, backed by Russia, Egypt, and others, expressed desire to set up Pales- tinian nation. Marchant acts. Gun " ' " ' 7 have happened in 366 days? Despite the university president's declaration ot having "not much interest in young people," students seemed to care less. Tuition rose and board went up, as educational quality seemed to talter. Students simply didn't seem to give a damn, until. Until the Board of Trustees was overruled in the Law School Accreditation issue and until 14 students were arrested tor protest- ing the Green Street situation. And even though the protests didn't receive the publicity ot Patty Hearst's linal capture or the assassination attempts on President Ford, they did reopen administrators' eyes to the fact that students are seeking lo become more activist. To open this campus news magazine, FORUM presents a 12-month calendar, taking note ot the year's impact and discovery, ol its personalities and the parts they played in 1975-76. June -I I July '-I Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi jails every The craze Earl Summer school enrolls a record number of stu- dents at registration. Carolina's baseball team finishes second in the college world series baseball tournament. Internationally, ships blocked in the Suez Canal since 1967 move out as canal opens. Egypt now prefers negotiations to fighting for the territory lost to Israel. After 8 years, Suez is no longer considered essential to commercial traffic. "Jaws" takes on more commercialism than the Beatles in shirts, beach towels and even stuffed sharks. The movie of shark menace grossed an unprecedented S53 million in its first month. Colleges of Arts and Letters and Social and Beha- vioral Sciences merge, against faculty opposition, to form the College of Humanities and Social Sciences to help financial strain. The Student Allocations Committee CSACJ reveals funds cut for most USC clubs and organizations. Last year the total figure allocated was S689,189g this year it is 3418.346 i ii' .iiw H 'I FEOPEHS WHY. prominent political opposition leader in lndiag imposes press censorship and assumes essentially dictatorial powers in a nation that treasures their short 28 years of democracy. U.S. makes a pact with U.S.S.B. for ten million tons of grain. By July of '76 Bussia's needs pre- dicted to be 25 million tons. U.S. is able to supply Russia with eight million tons of additional wheat with this year's bumper crop. Question: Will U.S. help Russia in their crisis? A study conducted by a special Presidential Com- mittee at USC shows that experimental drug usage by entering and continuing Carolina students is increasing. USC's new, ultramodern natatorium opens which cost 52.6 million and covers 91 ,OOO square feet. Cyndi Anthony, a USC coed becomes Miss South Carolina 1976. hir .AQQQKEV a.wfsWT . fm xx i if ll- in -"' f--. ' xffhw Wg f E M E -mira ,g . ., ,. y,yA . , . - .I -- M , . , Russian wheat deal. 1,.i' . . Ghandi dictates. L.. 331 August September Horseshoe undergoes renovation. Betty Ford speaks out about premarital affairs, abortion and marijuana, causes ripples through the White House and concern over campaigning for '76, especially in the Bible Belts of the South and Midwest. Another break from classes while renovation of the Hor- seshoe moves at a quicker pace. ln late August, about 20,000 peo- ple circle through the Coliseum registration lines. New York State helps bail out her bankrupting big city but has money enough to help "only until January" 1975. Lynette Fromme, 26, attempts to assassinate the Presi- dent. Ford's free-wheeling campaign style makes his pro- tection a problem. Patty Hearst finally arrested after 19 months of gunfire, searching and articles during her "membership" in the Symbionese Liberation Army. USC Board ot Trustees admit 14 law students who were initially denied admission because their Summer-Pre- Admission Trail QSPATJ scores were not satisfactory. ln late September the American Bar Association warns USC that their academic standing may be in jeopardy if they do not reverse the decision. Instead of closing Green Street, Columbia City Council approved a plan to widen it and route all traffic down the west side of the Longstreet Theatre. Board of Trustees announce decision to make Columbia Hall a co-ed dorm sometime after January, 1976. Colum- bia Hall residents meet with Student Body President Steve Hill to discuss the idea, and many oppose it. Age Zfjfiltlfutlilnb- L .fwwtmlr-1 A . ,,l'.5l5i.,f ' wl' P' 'Q 111111-ILL1 ff J, -1 - A cl um 'T .1 T' s -f . - X-Y: xx w get A lilulri-lllltlrrr Elm! 5 : - - ' . ulllV9I'8lhJ of South Carolina, -Yehool ol buxx tried- Mwffy fwydiffffM'M2 ,4,,,,4,,,4 ya, s An, ,fa-,, .Ain A, ,, fimffff-11 Mi 11rv'11nnr111J1Jiw gf Zfiffnfrfr-fr. ffm! 12601162 ,, nuff AAN .W ,,, A Mr -Ziff nw.: :fn ef l. A27 rn-1 yfngfnffn ,111 Appmvvh flint' Srlmnl I I .lliucricun'lhisvvisswitilitiim ' ""' bfflwzs-fi-Aelg. f4.,.4..4 ,,,--.-q,a Joanne Little, accused ot killing the white male jailer who she said tried to rape her, is found not guilty of her second-degree mur- der charge after creating a national controversy. ,.l . I T u USC Law School accreditation Fromme Patty Hearst months of hiding. 332 Dctober Probably one of the most notable events of the year, is the following. Eighteen persons were arrested during a 10-hour "CIose Green Street" pro- test. The event sparked activism among students and came on the heels of an announcement by the ABA that the law school might lose its accreditation if the 14 students admitted earlier with low scores but approved by the trustees weren't removed. The Board removed the students. The opening of the Thomas Cooper library was delayed until the end of the spring semester. The main problem centers on the company installing the shelving. Nationally, former California governor Ronald Reagan announced his intentions to challenge Pres- ident Ford for the Republican presidential nomina- tion in 1976. Nearly 50,000 persons attended a patriotic gath- ering of Bicentennial well-wishers at Williams Brice stadium. UI1I'eSt. justice delayed? Library waits for occupancy. November -Q Contrary to earlier promises, President Ford announced a policy for having the federal govern- ment bail out bankrupt New York City. Nelson Rockefeller announced that he would not be a vice-presidential candidate in the 1976 elec- tions. Locally, Carolina wallops Clemson 52-20 in the highest scoring game of the 80-year-old series. Just prior to the game, 22 students were arrested and charged with vandalism at Clemson. The Student Government Association decided to inspect the student health center following several complaints about treatment and advisement. Resignations forced the SGA to hold special elec- tions to fill some 22 Senate seats. 2 -5:,m, W V 1, i .-f J 'Rf . ., -I : u ' l V 3255, ' , - ... fzqwyg - 2 1JLfLfi::Q15E:12 iii 5, -gn . QPJFQ. 1111 rfr- 1 1 333 December Ford travels to Peking, Indonesia and the Philip- pines for five days of summit talks with Mao Tse- tung. He returns to find his popularity as president decreasing in the polls. Protestants and Catholics keep a bloody holiday in Belfast. The Protestant majority still claim the right to rule as the Catholic minority resists. Exam schedules reorganized to permit student attendance at the Tangerine Bowl Dec. 20. Students evacuate for holiday season. By mid-December African Angola pulls Russia, China, Cuba and South America into the spreading civil war but Congress resists any form of aid. New York's La Guardia Airport bombed on the twenty-ninthg kills 1 1 people and injures 75. Vice President Rockefeller and Melvin Laird advised Secretary of State Kissinger to quit because, as Kissinger said, from this point on "it can only be downhill for me in the Administration." Everything's up tange- rines. l - - - f U January 1.1 Fire damages To commemorate the birthday of Martin Luther King ten thousand march to get Jan. 15 proclaimed as a legal state holiday. Dr. Robert Foster, dean of the law school, resigns because of a disagreement with the board of trustees, effective June 30. Department head Wallace Dawson, Jr. threatens resig- nation after the administration announced a plan to give two floors of the new Biological Sciences Center to the new Medical College. The announcement draws other protests from faculty, undergraduate and graduate stu- dents. Candidate list for the presidency continues to increase: Gerald Ford, Ronald Reagan, Birch Bayh, Henry Jackson, Morris Udall, Fred Harris, Jimmy Carter, Lloyd Bentsen, Terry Sanford, Sargent Shriver, Milton Shapp, Frank Church, Hubert Humphrey and George Wallace. Russia plans to complete an atomic power plant for Cuba by 1978 with support from France, Britain and Can- ada Fire damages Sims dormitory costing over 331,000 Damage to the Phi Beta Pi Sorority room, where the fire started, costs 318,000 Two thousand dollars of smoke damage spread through Sims. Drayton Hall Theatre burned the following night costing 511,000 Both said to be caused by an insufficient electrical system. 1 .. ff-1' Humphrey emerges as top demo. ' V " Foster resigns. 334 February - r March -I While the quadrennial presidential spectre of pri- maries begins in New Hampshire proclaiming Jimmy Carter of Georgia the front runner, both the former Georgia governor and George Wallace hit the cam- paign trail in South Carolina. Although both Carter and Wallace were the individual leaders in the S.C. precinct caucuses Feb. 28, the uncommitted vote won tops. Locally, Dr. Chester Bain is named dean of the College of Humanities and Social Sciences after seven months as acting dean. USC President William Patterson denies a flurry of rumors concerning his resignation, saying, "l have not resigned," and, "l have no desire to leave." Meanwhile, state legisla- tors consider debate as to whether state funds for the new medical school should be delayed. lt was feared this would cause a loss of grants from the VA, but a spokes- man said the original agree- ment would hold. Ford wins N.H. Bain appointed dean. Carter visits Columbia. Students depart for spring break. Although four primaries took place, the nation's eyes and ears bypass the presidential race while focus is layed on the Patty Hearst trial. The 22-year- old newspaper heiress and kidnap victim was found guilty of bank robbery after 7 weeks deliberation. Because of "noise, litter and security complaints" the Forum Lounge at Senate Plaza was not given another year's lease of the USC- owned property, according to Vice President of Opera- ,Q tions Hal Brunton. Although only a slim EM of l the student body decided to participate, Dave Wilsford is elected as the 1977 student government president with Vice President Gerald lvlose- ley. Sandra Bell is secretary and Rex Gale is treasurer for the next fiscal year. President Gerald Ford continued to hold the lead in the Republican presidential primaries, although former California governor Ronald Reagan pulls a stunning upset in North Carolina. Though already flying in Europe, the Concorde is as yet banned from New York by the Transit Author- ity awaiting further studies of the effects on the envi- ronment and the noise level. Wilsford elected. - il 335 ' egistration Hassles .A . - E R USC WHERE IT ALL BEGINS BY LINDA EDSALL Each year as the student body at Caro- lina grows, registration becomes a more and more complicated process. Bewilder- ing and frustrating to the freshman land to many others who won't admit itl, registra- tion is as painful for the administration as it is for students. There may be no way to make registration a pleasant experience but some alterations are being discussed. Dr. Nicholas P. Mitchell, Vice President of Administrative Services, was interviewed in an effort to learn what changes are planned for the registration process. FORUM: How is the administration plan- ning to handle registration in the coming years? DR. MITCHELL: We have several ideas - whether we are going to be able to make them work or not is another matter. We'd like to try to go to some form of computer registration as rapidly as we can. But in order to do that we have to have a dependable computer operation. Unfortu- nately our computer is sometimes not func- tioning. I still have not been able to figure out what we would do if we were having a computer registration - students would be having their schedules made up by the terminal - and suddenly the computer stopped working. We would be left with thousands of people to register and no way to handle them. We have to have a back-up system. FORUM: Has computer registration been tested at all? DR. MITCHELL: This summer we experi- mented with those of the incoming fresh- man class who came to freshman orienta- tion. Overthat period of several weeks we registered about i900 freshmen by com- puter. Their course schedules were fed into the terminals right then and there and they knew what their schedules would be. If they tried to sign up for a class that was already filled up, they were told immedi- ately and they had a chance to change. You have a lot of headaches with any kind of program like that - we have a lot of headaches with iust the normal registra- tion that we do now. People go through advisement in the spring for fall registra- tion, and in the summertime they change their minds about what they want to take or they don't come back to school at all. Then a department is holding seats in a class for people who have been advised to take it but the people don't show up. It cre- ates confusion, as everybody knows. So we're going to have to come to some kind of streamline system, and we're working on it. FORUM: When do you think computer reg- istration will go into effect? DR. MITCHELL: We've been talking about computer registration around here for years. We actually tried it once - it was a wholesale flop. At that particular time we had a much smaller computer than we have now but we also had a considerably smaller student body. GBn6GaZII.!rd The 9:05 and 10:10 classes are full, they don't have'your preregistered seat on file, one. of your requisite courses has been dropped because only nine people signed up, and your pen IS out of ink. Of such stuff waiting lines are made. 336 GQMGAIUIAIO Amid the rush, lerome lewler, adviser for advertisingfpublic relations majors, sorts prer- egistration forms. We were hoping that we would be able to do something by the fall of I976 - whether we are still hoping that right now, I am not too sure. We did have some prob- lems during the registration of 1975 with our present computer even with such use as it gets now. We are having a meeting of the registration committee soon to take another look at this. If we should decide to go to computer registration, we have to start getting the show on the road fairly soon. It takes a long time to prepare for registration USD 'UTIQI IBMGAAUAIG The tally mounts on the chalkboard as course sections inflate to capacity and close their doors. because there's a vast amount of material that you must have. Going to computer system means designing new forms for the computer and working out an entirely new system. But we will know after this fall what we will be doing next fall. FORUM: Do you think the computer sys- tem will help solve the many individual problems that arise at registration? DR. MITCHELL: Probably not. You know the old saying "garbage in, garbage out." The computer is only going to record what the humans tell it, and if they don't know what the entry should be before they feed it to the computer, there will be problems. We will probably continue to spend two weeks after registration handling problems like this. I average seeing about 300 stu- dents a day during this period after regis- tration in order to work out individual problems. That much will probably not change. FORUM: How are students who have declared their maiors advised? DR. MITCHELL: The undecided majors presently go to the College of Liberal and Cultural Disciplines. They are assigned courses and they do have advisors. But when they decide what their maiors are going to be, they then change colleges and probably will change advisors. FORUM: Transfers are presently advised after transfer orientation and then they register at the Coliseum at the proper time. Upper-class transfer students have some trouble finding seats in courses necessary for their maiors since they have not been previously enrolled. Do you have any plans to change this? DR. MITCHELL: l think that will have to be involved in our program but frankly, we have not worked on that part of it yet. I would hope that we would have fairly early registration, not only of people who are here, but of people who are going to transfer here. Of course some students don't know until the last minute that they are coming here. You will always have a problem there. For those who do have their minds made up, I think we can work outa system to take care of them. FORUM: Freshmen are advised at fresh- man orientation. Do they also go through pre-registration? DR. MITCHELL: They not only pre-register, they register. They do everything except pay their fees if they come to summer orientation. Those who do not come to summer orientation come to regular regis- tration and there is an orientation period for them at that time. We will get about two-thirds to three- fourths of the freshman class in through summer registration. When they leave here that day they have their schedules in their hot little hands. They are pre-billed and all they had to do - some of them didn't seem to understand it - was to come back on Tuesday after Thursday and Friday registration and go pay their fees. That was it. Through a positive introduction to the university, "Orientation tries to give the student the break we know how," which will help provide an easy adiustment to life at USC, said Dr. Judy Small, Director of Orientation. During the summer of 1975 orientation attendance was the largest 'N- GenuGaItlard ln a clear spot among the debris a harried registrant gets off his feet and tries to make sense of it all. ever, with more than l900 students enrolled. Enrollment is expected to con- tinue to increase until 1983. This large enrollment did not, however, hinder the emphasis on the individual, because orientation groups were com- posed of approximately 20 students each. Freshmen from the same dorms were placed in the same orientation sessions to give them a chance to meet people who would live in their area. In a new addition to orientation, stu- dents attended two of five interest ses- sions, Career Development, College Sur- vival Skills, Commuter Student Survival Skills, Residence Life and Residence Halls Preview, or Freedom and Meaningful Sex- uality. Following these sessions, students met again with their counselors, where they received instructions on the intricacies of schedule-making. Students then had the chance to visit Bell Camp. Bell Camp visits were eventu- ally discontinued because during many sessions, rain caused the Bell Camp activi- ties to be limited to the showing of "Bri- an's Song" in the lodge. These visits were replaced by cookouts on the Russell House patio. Student participants in orientation had opportunities to swim in the new nata- torium, play tennis on reserved courts, or see films or plays on campus. On the second day of orientation stu- dents met with their advisors and regis- tered for courses. After lunch they toured the campus with their counselors. Success of orientation depends largely upon student counselors. Each year approximately 200 students are screened, and 12 are selected as counselors. After applying for the iob, all students are interviewed, then rated on effective expression, knowledge of the university, and enthusiasm. Then 50 of these students are asked to provide references. The 25 students with the most promising refer- ences are invited to a reception, which is also attended by the university's Orienta- tion Committee, the Dean of Student Affairs, and the Director of Orientation. The Orientation Committee then rates prospects on a one to five scale, and the I2 counselors are selected on this basis. The counselors are trained in three work- shops, which acquaint them with the type of information they will need to know to answer new students questions. Such train- ing is vital for the program's success, for, as Sana Petrey, a counselor for the past two years, said, "There are so many roles a counselor has to play. She must be an advisor and friend, not iust a tour guide." Possible changes for next' year include invitation of selected professors to speak to students and a longer orientation for transfer students. One drawback of orientation was its length, which was staggered over July and August. According to Dr. Small, this some- times caused workers to forget that "it is the individual who we honestly care for." Caring for new incoming university stu- dents is what orientation is all about. 337 C3 V' N l fx- Tj 'W i? 'X T j"-T37 V K-Lil Q jf-,Ny CJ mimi 1 ii n oy.. emo an ini run lg f- if 'ii-l'W if jgilwl lg-li-lk -ll-i .Q L ijt gl-Q Xlgl! 'CCEHLTE-to ,fffi for 'f:o--r+iT5ff'1 clot- .fini-I TN .f'i.Qi-' 23 "fro"-hifi-fri"s'1..'i-91299.cf-.P u.'..!-.lv.Q.,ii5ll U f3l.i--I ug- it ..lfv..i-2,1 ijn u t l if H ll. l,.lf u ting in t ""T'e- ffl"--, is-N Y fl ,-rj-.X :FX -.-A-.X fT1 - -- ,i--,ff-.X ,fir-.V LTD- t..Qflnl fr..L1Cu..ll-.i-t list!rgilillftgf ll iE?rQ'l'. Alitri 'fgiif If Tl ' ii Although the atmosphere this year between students and administrators did not get as tense as the height of the anti-war efforts in the spring of 1971, students reached a boiling point on more than one occasion. Top notch faculty who could not stand the heat left. Surprisingly, administrators, espe- cially the Board of Trustees, backed down on some of the imposed policies. And any compromises on goals that students and administrators wanted went into obliqueness. It all started in January 1974 when Dr. Thomas Jones, former president at USC, mysteriously resigned. Although Jones may not have been the most admired person on campus, he at least stood for what he believed, and did not mind telling the trustees either. Yet, trying to explain what has hap- pened at the University of South Carolina since the resignation of Tom Jones is a dif- ficult, if not impossible, task to undertake. This university does not operate in a rational way. Often, it is questionable if it even operates at all. USC has witnessed more resignations in recent years than stu- dents care to count with a steady plummet- ing of faculty morale. There is no way that this cannot affect the students and the quality of education they are able to receive. Vindictive attitudes and the "smoke- filled room" syndrome that permeates this university is very hard to document. How- ever, some insight is available through personal experiences, campus events and validation from extremely reliable sources. The true reasons behind Jones' resigna- tion are still not known. lt is unlikely that the truth will be known for some time. While this lack of knowledge is significant, it is of little importance now. Jones is gone and the students have to look at what has transpired since he left. lt is important to note that Tom Jones was not a god. During his tenure at USC he was disliked by many for what they considered to be autocratic leadership. He 338 made full use of the buddy system and brought in many young, creative, innova- tive faculty. This was rarely greeted with enthusiasm by the old-timers and many legislators. However, whether you agreed or disagreed with him, you knew that he was his own man and would not sell out to political pressure. This uncompromising integrity played a maior role in his resigna- tion. After Jones resigned, the Board of Trus- tees met and named William H. Patterson the interim president. There was no search committee. There was no input from fac- ulty or students. Prior to this meeting, members of the board claimed no knowl- edge of who would be named president. Yet it seems rather odd that each board member was given a biographical data sheet on Patterson and no other possible candidates were discussed. The result, which students are still witnessing, was a perfect "yes" man for the board and legis- lature and a perfect incompetent leader for the state's major public institution of higher education. Patterson's promotion left his former office of provost vacant. Keith Davis, asso- ciate provost, was named acting provost. A Provost Search Committee was formed, consisting of faculty and a couple of stu- dents. After going through the tedious search process, three names were submit- ted as recommendations for the position. Keith Davis was then named full provost. lt seemed rather odd that Dr. Davis has been well-known as a Jones man and then sud- denly switched to a Patterson "yes" man. In the meantime, two committees had been established. Both were established, ostensibly, for the same purpose - to reorganize the university. One was the Mungo Reorganization Committee and the other was the Seigler Ad Hoc Internal Reorganization Committee. The Mungo Committee seemed to keep pushing a Chancellor-President system, while Mil- ledge Seigler seemed to push whatever Patterson wanted. Keep in mind that, at one time, Seigler had been a "big man on campus" until a falling out with Jones. Now with his good buddy at the helm, Seigler could come out of the closet and reclaim lost territory. The end result of both committees was virtually nothing. A lot of people wasted a lot of time making decisions that had already been made. In an effort to clip Hal Brunton's wings over campus expansion, he was demoted from vice president for business affairs to vice president for operations, with all financial aspects given to Bernard Daetvvyler, vice president for finance. And then there was the Committee on Liberal and Cultural Disciplines tLCDl chaired by.Dr. James Oliver. lt seemed T. Eston Marchant is the chairman of the Board of Trustees. The Columbia businessman is reported to have engineered the administra- tive shift of 1974. l Dune Edens Former President Thomas F. jones in his office during days gone by. lones now serves at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology as vice president in charge of research. THE EMPEROR JONES TAKES AN ILL-TIMED WALK that everything this committee studied got abolished. This seemed understandable for Dr. Oliver, this past summer he said that it appeared the decisions had, once again, already been made. The committee was serving in the capacity of an instru- ment of token input into administrative decisions. There are several cases in point to validate this. The LCD committee was asked to study the Center for Cultural Development. This center was a project begun by Jones and was, at that time, directed by Dr. Bert Dillon. While the issue was still in committee, Keith Davis informed Dr. Dillon that the center was going to be abolished and suggested that Dr. Dillon resign as director in time to return to teach in the English department. Assuming that the provost was not a liar, Dr. Dillon resigned. Soon after this, Dr. Davis stated that a director of the Center for Cultural Development was needed. Shortly thereafter, William H. Patterson publicly stated "I have absolutely no idea what is being done with the center." He continued, saying, "Just what kind of pur- pose do you think the center should serve? We have many ways of creating an aca-. demic atmosphere with visiting professors, professors in residence and organized col- leges and departments." Apparently this reorganization is aimed at more visiting professors than professors in residence considering the disorganization of the col- leges and departments. Later, Patterson said, "The center doesn't really exist, it never really existed except in the minds of a few people." At least it did exist for Dillon, who is not sure what has happened to the former plans for the center. "l really don't know what has been done since I left," Dillon said. "My association and resignation make little difference now. lf you don't want a particular individual to administer it, then the sensible thing to do is to resign. lf Jones wanted it, it would have been fine and may have gone through. Patterson may not want the center. l iust don't know." On the student level, center advocates felt there was not enough genuine interest in learning by the student community as a whole. Plans for changing student apathy included expanding the National Merit Scholarship idea, establishing informa- tional seminars about the different depart- ments and colleges, providing more schol- arships and increasing publicity about the honors program. By bringing in professors from outside the university environment, the center hoped to give impetus on a higher rank. Also, these people who were brought in would not become the sole pos- sessions of the departments or colleges of their particular field of study. The LCD committee was also charged with making recommendations on whether the areas of Social and Behavioral Sci- ences, Arts and Letters, and Science and Math would remain intact. However, the committee, after much research and input from faculty members, recommended that the three colleges either merge into one unit or remain as three separate divisions. S 339 And yet, Social and Behavioral Sciences and Arts and Letters have been merged and Science and Math remains separate. If the administration ever asks the LCD Com- mittee to study students, their refusal to do so would be greatly appreciated. are provided for the young people of this state. That's what I consider my relation- ship with young people, rather than one of companionship. Some administrators that are here say that being around young people makes them feel young. I have to The Board, With Patterson, Plays With Too Many Pies Patterson's reorganization governed many aspects of the university. One morn- ing, the faculty and students of the College of General Studies read in the Columbia newspaper that, according to Keith Davis, the College had been abolished. No provi- sions had been made for the students, staff, or faculty of the college. The result- ing chaos led to Patterson and the Board of Trustees denying any knowledge of the abolition and the members of the College of General Studies and Dean Harry Var- ney unitedly raised hell. Eventually, the entire matter lwhich no one seemed able to definel was sent to the Academic For- ward Planning Committee which set up an ad hoc sub-committee to study the college. The sub-committee report has not been completed. However, it is known that, for some reason, Keith Davis has a vendetta against the College of General Studies. Then a plan giving the president of USC and the Board of Trustees the power to appoint seven per cent of the entering Law School class upset students and faculty. Creating an uproar over possible political appointees, the whole decision was turned over to the Law Center. After the spring semester, tuition was raised S25 for in- state students and S50 for out-of-state stu- dents per semester. Paul Fidler was placed in charge of freshman advisement in June to study if any changes needed to be made after the dean resigned to return to teaching. Yes, Patterson has kept busy trying to consolidate programs and tighten his grip over students and faculty. A faculty source stated that the changes have come about as a result of Patterson's and the Trustees' fear that they were losing control over stu- dents under former President Jones. And university reorganization has iust begun. Looking into this institution of young peo- ple, THE GAMECOCK asked Patterson what attracts him to USC. He said, "Why, I imagine you want me to say that I have a deep concern for the young people. Well, to tell you the truth I haven't really got much interest in young people. I think it's an opportunity to see that the best services 340 say they make me feel rather old." He continued, saying, "l'm personally not really concerned about apathy at all. lt's up to the student to get involved. lt's enough for each of us to iust sit down and decide what is the best for ourselves." In the Green Street issue Patterson said in August, "I think if most people would realize it, the closing of Green Street would be more a handicap to us than any- thing else. lt is mostly the University public which utilizes the street. l do think some kind of method for crossing the street needs to be introduced. Even a walkway similar to the pedestrian bridge over Pick- ens would be more feasible than what we have now." In November, after Green Street demonstrations, Patterson predicted the ultimate closing of Green Street, say- ing that any plan to permanently close the inter-campus avenue would be "a hell of a good idea." Concerning damage to academic pro- grams during the economic crunch, Patter- son said, "You can be assured that no academic programs, as far as the actual learning situation is concerned, will be cut." It seems that USC is return- ing to diploma mill status. The raising of academic requirements for admission to USC is professed by some as a raising of academic excellence. This raise in requirements, really only to level off the number of students enrolling, has no effect on academic standards. The same liberality in class attendance drop dates will continue and the same apathy will probably continue, also. Governor James B. Edwards seems'to think of USC as a second-level high school only for people in South Carolina and not an institution of professional education for South Carolina residents and residents of other states as well. He said, "I think in the past we have put too much of our funding into higher education." He said the years and Inlotmnllon Services President William H. Patterson, during his sec- ond year inthe office relinquished by jones. of overspending "backs up the desire to take a long, hard look at what our resources are, what our needs are, and match our resources to our needs." Now that USC has expanded so much, the cuts are coming. Interviews with many of the administra- tive and faculty personnel have revealed mixed feelings toward Patterson with a general concensus that the university has undergone a loss of morale under Patter- son as compared to his predecessor, Jones. There is also widespread disen- chantment among students with Patterson. What can you expect when the president of an institution for education of the young openly announces, "I haven't really got much interest in young people." lt seems that USC is returning to a diploma mill sta- tus and people are again questioning the quality of education they are receiving under the direction of a man who shows such little concern. Time and time again the student body, the group on whose behalf the policies and actions ofthe administration are made, never have anything to say about the quality of their institution. USC is beginning to form the perfect utopia for passive faculty and student members. Patterson at least seems to be satisfied with keeping as firm a grip on students as he possibly can. Yet students do not mind. They are led to believe that cuts in educa- tion are made for the purpose of saving money and are contented with it. Many times, the Student Government Associa- tion QSGAI bears the brunt of criticism. Their critics begin by accusing them of not representing the student body and not try- ing to get students to voice their concerns. Student editors are too often concerned about the consequences of what they may say. No one is willing to stand up for what they believe and as long as no one stands up, the administration seems satisfied in their role. In a meeting of student leaders in April, 1975, Davis ioked, saying that the big contest in the administration was not in policies, but in trying to see who could stay out of THE GAMECOCK the longest. The administration appeared contented to not be bothered with student issues. One stu- dent complained that administrators look at their iob as simply a iob, completely away from the interest of students. The administration is most involved with other members of the administration. They rarely fraternize with students. Professors, too, are guilty, according to some students. Many are here to do research and what- ever teaching falls in with that is just acci- dental. They should be scholars, not pro- fessors. The Board of Trustees apparently does not want students to have a hand in the university decisions. ln the request for a student member on the board, students are not asking for a maiority at all but at least student opinion would have an outlet through a representative on the board. The board is such a, political body lelected from different iudicial districts in South Carolinal. ls that type of representation fair to USC? Many on the board are busi- nessmen who have their own geographical and professional interests. Yet, the board elects the president of the university. Still, this attempt to put a student on the Board of Trustees has failed. So, a pro- posed university governance was intro- duced which would give the University Council broad areas of power. It would consist of equal representation from stu- dents, faculty and administrators. It would be able to override a veto by the president with a three-fourths majority. The Board of Trustees veto could not be overridden. The faculty reiected the proposal upon the rec- ommendation ofthe Faculty Advisory Committee. Statements from the report of the pro- posal include, "lt is the unanimous view of this committee that the structure envi- sioned therein .is based on a conception of the university which is unacceptable in principle." lt also states that the faculty and administration each have certain uni- versity business which they should have authority over. The academic program should be controlled by the faculty since they are knowledgeable in disciplined inquiry and know best how to direct the work of students into fruitful paths. The report states "The student body is in the position of effective equality neither with the faculty which is responsible for its training, nor with the administration, which is responsible for maintaining orderly pro- cedures." According to the study, when students enroll in the university they accept the disciplines which the faculty and administration have established to provide them. "To propose that students, whose role in the university is by nature only tem- porary and who are not, or not yet, fully involved in the academic profession should have an equal voice with the faculty and administration in shaping the life of the university neglects both capabilities and their real interests, which lie mostly outside the university in the professional world," the report stated. Now in the fourth year of proposal, Steve Hill, president of SGA says, "It sounds like they are saying the faculty are here forever and since students aren't they don't have the ability to share in governance. I find it hard to believe that students can't help to effectively govern a university." Dr. Rufus Fellers, chairman of the Fac- ulty Advisory Committee said "There exists K6l1Ear1holomaw 341 a lot of room for various parts of the stu- dent community to have more to do with managing its own affairs. I would first advise them to take advantage of the responsibilities they now have before ask- ing for more." Fellers also said that the university has shown poor attendance slates for the past couple of years. Steve Brown, SGA attorney general said, "As far as student representatives' attendance at committee meetings, they are no worse than faculty attendance." Paul Fidler, associate dean for student affairs, said, "I favor the concept although there were parts I obiected to. I would like to see it work here. However, I really don't think the sentiment of the faculty is for it. The faculty do not like the idea of students sharing in the making of decisions that have traditionally been made by the fac- ulty." Meanwhile there was some unfinished business in the Division of Student Affairs. Charles Witten had been vice president for student affairs for I2 years. His title was changed to dean for student affairs. It was no secret that one of Patterson's main goals was to get rid of Witten. In typical fashion, Witten, after much pressure, Spectators at the Clemson game lift their fists into the air during the alma mater. What is it in the student body makeup that makes football games better attended than say, the Green Street hearings? Karl Ehrlhtilomew 342 Republican Governor of South Carolina, lames B. Edwards, the peopIe's choice, celebrates the Bicentennial at a gathering of so- called patriotic Americans at Williams-Brice Stadium in the fall. Edwards, who also serves as ex-officio USC trustee member has said, "I'd rather have a hundred kids who read and write than four Ph.D.'s at the University of South Carolina. We have invested too much in higher education." unwillingly resigned to return to teaching and his family. While Witten had made some very positive contributions to Student Affairs, student leaders and administrators were acutely aware of the need for some- one new to head the division. So while the motives of the students and administrators were different, the end result opened the hopeful possibility of a dynamic new per- son in charge. With this in mind, the Dean for Student Affairs Search Committee was formed. It was the first maior university committee to be composed of a maiority of students. The composition was three stu- dents, two faculty, one administrator, and a non-voting chairman. After completing the candidate interviews, three names were submitted to Keith Davis. Dr. James Campbell was given the iob and the title was changed back to vice president for student affairs. For a while, optimism and enthusiasm pervaded the entire division. But gradually, all that has happened is that Dr. Campbell has sold out to the administration and many in the division have become disillusioned. The house- cleaning that was promised has not yet taken place. Campbell is now involved in restructur- ing the student iudiciary system with a committee of students and Marsha Dun- can, Dean for Campus Relations. Russell JOSSBUYIUGYSI Putnam, one of the student representa- tives, summed up administration, faculty and student problems in all areas when he referred to the committee's iudicial restruc- turing, "At times we run right into each other. People are coming from different philosophies. Just two and a half months were working out personal philosophies." While there is no denial that Dr. Campbell is an effective public speaker, there is also no denial that several of the administrators in Student Affairs that the students wanted out are still there. Several have even been given increased responsibilities. So the administration got another "yes" man and the students got one step better than Wit- ten but five steps back from what could have been. Moving back to the Administration Building, students find a new situation with Dr. Nicholas P. Mitchell, vice president for administrative services. During the renova- tion ofthe Administration Building, Dr. Mitchell's office was moved to Petigru Col- lege. Although at one time Mitchell and Patterson had been close friends, for several reasons their friendship had ended. Even though Mitchell was nearing retirement age, he hoped to remain as vice president on a year-to-year basis. How- ever, at a meeting of all the university vice presidents, Dr. Patterson announced that Vice Presidents and Student Rights Get Sacked Dr. Mitchell would be retiring at the end of this year. Unfortunately, Dr. Patterson had neglected to discuss this with Mitchell. The result was not only an embarrassing situa- tion but a totally unnecessary humiliation. To add insult to iniury, the position of vice president for administrative services had been abolished, effective on the day that Mitchell leaves. Prior to Christmas vacation, things seemed to have quieted down a bit. And then came the announcement that Dr. Wil- liam Adams-Smith had resigned as head of the Medical School because of political pressure. For the first time, a resignee went to the public via television and newspapers to explain his true reasons for resigning. The usual excuse of resigning to return to teaching and his family was not even men- tioned. While there are many at USC who may not like Dr. Adams-Smith, virtually everyone -is in agreement that he is a man of high integrity and candor. A special faculty senate meeting was called with the possibility of censuring Dr. Patterson in mind. For some strange rea- son, the meeting was scheduled for a day when Dr. Adams-Smith had a prior out-of- state commitment. The meeting confirmed the belief held by many that the Faculty Senate is a useless, gutless group of reiects. Dr. Patterson spoke for 45 min- utes, degrading Dr. Adams-Smith, possibly to the extent of slander. After his rhetoric was completed, a couple of questions were asked by visitors. When the Faculty Senate was asked if they had any ques- tions, none were asked. Then a move for adiournment was made and seconded. Goodbye Faculty Senate, goodbye Dr. Adams-Smith, and hello legislature. But political pressure was not confined to the Medical School. The Law School had already been involved in several epi- sodes. Perhaps the best known case is that dealing with the sons of Mr. Saleeby and Senator Hollings. Several students had failed in the law school summer program tSPATl making them ineligible for admis- sion to the Law School that fall. Among them, Saleeby and Hollings claimed that their sons had not been graded fairly and demanded that they be admitted to the Law School. Despite violent opposition by the Law School students, faculty and dean, the Board of Trustees admitted many of the students who had failed in the SPAT- program. It was not until the Law School was faced with possible loss of accredita- tion and warnings by the American Bar Association that the board rescinded their position and the students were forced to discontinue their studies. Citing several reasons, including political interference and lack of administrative support, Robert Foster, Dean of the Law School, resigned. Several other situations that have arisen during the Patterson regime may have been neglected. Patterson came from the faculty but has loyalties with the adminis- tration and the Board of Trustees. USC needs a president with wide interests and communication with faculty, administra- tors, students and SGA members. At least this would decrease the "political pres- sure" which several faculty members described as they kissed USC goodbye. One could write forever on the subject but while the words may change, the melody remains the same. The future of USC, if it continues along its present course, seems quite tenuous. Who will be the next person to resign? Perhaps if it were Patterson and for Davis we could hope for a more opti- mistic future. ' Patterson hopes the next president of USC will be "a relatively young man who doesn't necessarily need an academic background. He should have some experi- ence in either business or politics, perhaps the experience of a governor or legislator. You have to recognize our political needs because we are funded heavily by the state government. I should hope that my successor would be recommended to hold a five- to seven-year term." It appears that the circle will remain unbroken. Ks!lBarthnlDm6w Despite the brisk morning air, students head to and from class on the Bates ramp. Considering the quality of education, is the trip worth it? Although few classes tend to meet informally, this group session is an ' Eze' ie owgiuiogm S9 hCmShBhl!en Frank Shealy, who almost found himself pressed into fisticuffs with Tom Efland, eventually finished fourth in a field of eight. ' Thomas Hull, former Dean of Men at the University of South- ern California, once said, "There were questionable things that seemed to always go on at USC elections," and his observation about those USC elections could also apply to the 1975 elec- tions at Columbia's USC. The campaign started out to be dull and largely invisible. The week before the scheduled election, a "stump meeting" was arranged at the Mike Johnson Lounge in the Towers, to give each candidate for president or vice president a chance to make a short speech and to campaign a bit. This stump meeting was mostly dull. lt was sparsely attended, and most people there wore campaign tags proclaiming that their choice had already been made. lt was easy to tell who was speaking by reading the tags of the people who were alert and' paying attention to the speaker. Those who were backing any- one else didn't appear very interested. Tommy Efland and Frank Shealy did their best to brighten up the drab campaign meeting. During his speech Efland men- tioned that Shealy had been spreading an odious rumor about him. Shealy had supposedly rumored that Efland had made some sort of devious deal with a Clemson fraternity fEfland for- merly attended Clemsoni in exchange for money to fund his campaign. Efland said that this was untrue, and indicated that he was not too happy about having such things said about him. He also said that he didn't bring the matter up just to smear Shealy, but to tell people what sort of falsehood was being spread about during the campaign. Besides, Efland said, "I don't consider him my main competition," and therefore he didn't need to smear Shealy. The back of Shealy's neck turned red as Efland was speaking, and after a few seconds he iumped up and called Efland a liar, saying he hadn't spread any such rumor. Efland contradicted him, saying he had a witness over at the iock dorm who would back him up. The audience had awakened. The campaign had gotten lively, and there was a little bit of good ole mud being slung about. A confrontation. Maybe things would get violent. Maybe it would come to blows, right here in Mike Johnson Memorial Lounge. No such luck. The guy from the Towers who was running the whole thing stepped up in between Shealy and Efland. "There is no need for this sort of thing," he said. He got Shealy to sit down and told Efland to finish his speech. There are a lot of 344 FIIIW Illlll IETIIIIIIIW BY KURT GARDNER other candidates waiting to speak, he said, so let's get on with if. Everyone slowly relaxed and settled back into their seats as the other candidates spoke, and the campaign slowly settled back into boredom. The campaign battle, it seemed, was not only against the other candidates, but against the lack of interest exhibited by the student body. There seemed to be few people not directly involved in the campaign who were interested. Mike Honeycutt, Steve Hill's campaign manager said, "You talk to people and they'll tell you, 'sure, I'll vote for your candidate,' iust to get rid of you. They're not interested in SGA elections." The campaign continued anyway. There were posters plas- tered on campaigners' automobiles, creating mobile advertis- ing. Some presidential candidates went door-to-door and dorm- to-dorm. Almost all of the presidential candidates distributed lit- erature concerning platforms and promises. The most novel promise came from Davinder Singh, who said he would "not personally accept the Sl900" stipend-salary paid to the SGA president, but would "use the money to better the USC commu- nity." If he got elected, that is. The campaigning didn't stir up Carolina very much. lt all moved calmly onward, right up to the day scheduled for the pri- mary election, March 4. That's when all hell broke loose! According to Elaine Joyner, SGA Senator and member of the Rules Committee, the election "generally did not get started." There were several reasons for this: tl l The name of one candidate for treasurer, John Middleton, didn't make the official ballot. Q21 Because of insufficient training, student poll workers man- aged to cause the breakdown of six voting machines. Q31 Some students were denied their right to vote because the computer print-out of eligible voters was incomplete. Any stu- dents carrying less than I2 hours were not listed, even though the constitution guarantees them the right to vote. f4l There was no provision made for write-in voting. And so on, ad absurdium. Problems, problems. An iniunction was filed, and SGA, realizing the need for deci- siveness, sprang immediately into action, and halted the March 4 primary. , The election, in effect, was declared inoperative. The SGA Rules Committee met that evening to decide what to do. Some candidates and a lot of other people came to see what would happen, and to give Bob Swelgin, the election com- missioner, a lot of hell. Danwmmsy Tom Efland chased Steve Hill into a runoff and, by a margin of 97 votes, lost. 'Swelgin stoodiup at the meeting to explain'what went wrong. He cited problems with "malfunctioning machines." Also, he said, "One name was left off the ballot, unintentionally." He described the omission of Middletonfs name as "iust an over- sight." Swelgin. also resigned from his position as election com- missioner, but stayed at the meeting to answer questions. David Rosmer, vice-presidential candidate, stood up and announced that he was "investigating the possibility of legal action against the election committee." Jim Stuart, a member of the Rules Committee and also a vice- presidential candidate, flipped through his book of SGA rules. He found a rule that said the incumbent SGA president is sup- posed to appoint an elections committee of T2 to 18 people. Where, he asked Swelgin, was the election committee? Swelgin asked Stuart to read the rule aloud. Stuart did. You're asking your question to the wrong man, Swelgin informed him. Stuart redirected his question to the incumbent SGA presi- dent, Leigh Leventis. Leventis turned both palms upward and shrugged. There was no election committee. Just'Swelgin.' Steve Hill emerged victorious from the considerable confusion of the presidential elections. Ummm -1 Rick Funk, chairman of the Rules Committee, spent a lot of time that evening energetically pounding his gavel and calling for order as most members of the audience expressed their dis- pleasure. Funk and his committee faced some real problems when it came to setting a date for a second attempt at an election. There was a rule that said the election had to take place six weeks before the end of the semester. This meant it had to be over by March 15. Another rule required 15 days public notice before an election. This meant the election couldn't be before March 20, I5 days after the Senate could pass the Rules Com- mittee's bills. Funk and company worked out a set of bills Tuesday night and took them to the Senate Wednesday. The student legisla- tive body argued, amended, discussed, labored and wheezed its way through the bills and set up a new primary election for March i l. The runoff would be Thursday, March l3. Hopefully, both would be legal. David Rosmer filed suit against Bob Swelgin and Leigh Leven- tis for 3615. This included 1 15 of his dollars spent on campaign materials, and 5500 for his valuable graduate student time spent fwasted?i on the election. Except for Rosmer's suit, the campaign and the election regained their invisibility. Election Day, March 1 l, came quietly and, according to "The Gamecock," "approximately 2,440 stu- dents, or 15-18 percent of the student body, voted." A sign at the Student Government office proclaimed that the votes would be counted at 9 p.m. on the 1 ith at Mike Johnson Lounge. The candidates were there along with their campaign- ers. They acted loose, ioked and laughed, but there was an underlying tension and excitement. David Rosmer was there, looking prosperous in a brown suit and tie. He could afford to look prosperous if he won his law- suit. One candidate sounded a little pissed off. "I planned my campaign 'til last week. I had mid-terms and all to worry about this week." He didn't seem too happy about the election delay. Frank Shealy was ready to "get caught up with my sleep and get caught up with my studies." At 9:50 Leigh Leventis and company entered with the ballot print-outs from the voting machines. They sat down and began counting. They read totals from each print-out, one print-out per machine. Two guys with pencils and tally sheets took down the figures. Each candidate was taking down the figures for his own race. They kept reading off names and totals for hours. Curiously enough, when they finished reading the print-outs, everyone got up and started out the door. They didn't even wait for the two tally men to add up the totals. Each person had kept his own tally of the election race that interested him. As for the other races, it seemed they could wait until morning to find out. Nobody particularly cared to hang around Mike Johnson Lounge iust to find out sooner. Two days later, things repeated themselves on a smaller scale for the run-offs between Steve Hill and Tommy Efland, and the elections were over. Without much fanfare. Most students left campus for spring break without knowing the results. Some probably weren't even aware there had been an election. Steve Hill, Trey Lott, Terri DeBruhl and Paul Dominick were elected to the major SGA offices for '75-'76, and if they talk about the election, they are likely to mention student apathy. Editor's Note: Rosmer later withdrew his suit because of court difficulties. 345 H 46 NOQEDIVE iw . campus EYlCAF2E.NPE1T Most USC clubs and organizations received less money this year from the Student Allocations Commission lSACl. SAC approved 5317,282 in activity fees to be given the various organiza- tions in fiscal 1975-76 compared with 5481,346 last year. Projected revenues including SAC's for clubs and organiza- tions was a total of 54l8,346 com- pared with 5689,189 last year. Significant increases were allocated the Afro-American Association, the "Crucible" and homecoming activities. These were justified by new programs initiated by the groups and increased operating costs. A new program called Collegiate Affairs for the Afro-Ameri- can Association was allocated 53,150. The program includes local retreat and travel to collegiate conferences. The "Crucible" is providing a stipend for its editor this year. Increased costs of production and provisions for pub- lishing more magazines explain increased allocations. Homecoming received 55,255 this year for its outdoor concert: 54,000 for talent and 51,255 for production. Cockfest '75, no longer funded by the athletic department, received 51,110 through the homecoming organization to sponsor the event. "Despite decreased funds, I don't think most organizations were hurting for money," Robert E. Alexander, dean of student activities, said. That isn't to say that they weren't hurting several years ago, he said. Organizations feeling a strain on finances were able to apply for contin- gency funds from SAC, and a few did. The requests must be justified, but the money is there if the organization 3 , DEI' fx I .fl W 1 07: 5 ' : . ff 'A ' gf 'iff .Q 'I fy 7,255 AW' ,A ff, 9, up ,jf .. needs it. The Student Senate this year reviewed SAC's decisions. If an organization feels it didn't get adequate money from SAC, the senate offers an appeals process. SAC is composed of a member from the Senate Finance Committee, four appointees by the SGA president, four appointees by the Stu- dent Senate, and the treasurer of SGA. Also, the dean of student activities serves as a non- voting advisor to the committee. The full-time student at USC pays 513.50 yearly in student activity fees. The mandatory fee is set by the Board of Trustees. Part-time students are exempt. "Specifically, there isn't a student activity fee," Alexander said. "There is a university fee which is broken down by the Board of Trustees." The student activity fee is just one of the several areas included in the university fee. SGA receives 11 per cent of anticipated student fees for the coming year. SGA deter- mines this percentage and the Board of Trus- tees makes recommendations. USC's Presi- dent and the vice president of student affairs approve the final amount. Even though SGA receives 11 per cent of activity fees, the organization isn't committed to using the full amount. According to SGA President Steve Hill, SGA has received about 545,000 for '75- '76, and only wants to use about 532,000. By cutting office expenses SGA hopes to reduce its expenditures. For the first time, a club sport fee of 51.50 and a fee of 52 for Women's Intercollegiate Athletics have been added to the University fee. Because these areas have changed so much, they were taking a huge chunk out of the student activity fee allocated to organiza- tions. "A voluntary system of activity fees would be hard to manage," Alexander said. Also, organizations couldn't plan very far in advance if they didn't know how much money the University would have. With the current system at USC, projected figures are used. "l think student activity fees are money that reinforces through experience what the faculty member is trying to teach in the class- room," Alexander said. Alexander said the fee is not unreasona- ble. The New York system has had many court cases concerning activity fees. Th courts have said that such a fee is a reason ble educational expense. ln making value judgements about mone SAC has established guidelines to help in th allocation of funds. Organizations must form to SAC guidelines when making bud requests. All allocation requests must be complete on a program by program basis. Becaus each organization on campus has a specif purpose, such a request form forces studen to organize and plan ahead to coordina programs around the group's purpos Researching costs and projecting expens are the responsibility of the organizatio before meeting with SAC at the spring hea ings to discuss funding. Money is allocated the merits of the programs each organizati offers. "It is amazing to me just how conscientio SAC is. Organizations must justify eve penny they ask for," said Sue Ann Roughto newly appointed assistant to Dean Alexa der. According to Roughton, the student bo ,, o M' fmmvf I P F' 1 E' we l f Q if A if P Till 9 lisa'-r 2 l 9? K I as a whole doesn't realize the work involve in planning programs. Treasurers have a di cult job, she said, but the experience th gain will be valuable later on. There will be a series of workshops in t fall by student affairs for treasurers of orga zations receiving money from SAC. The trai ing program is designed to minimize any tro ble organizations normally have in plannin budgets. Clubs and organizations are eligible f funding if they have open membership. Re gious, political, fraternal organizations a ineligible for SAC allocations unless they c offer a program for the entire University ca pus. Campbell applies the I ssons of Eastern Michigan james Campbell, beginning his first year as vice president for student affairs, discusses actions students may take to make changes in the USC sys- tem. BY REX GALE Jim Campbell comes to Carolina with bitter memories, yet high hopes and aspi- rations for his new environment. He comes from Eastern Michigan Uni- versity, a college slightly smaller than USC, and takes over as Vice President for Student Affairs, a position which he also held at Eastern Michigan. It was not his decision to come to USC. He was fired, asked to leave by the presi- dent of his former school, because he was against the atmosphere that had over- whelmed Eastern Michigan, an atmos- phere that he descirbed as "political." "The Board of Trustees and many state legislators were trying to direct people the administration and the staff in trying to run programming," Campbell said. "Students and faculty there had very close contact to some of the board mem- bers, and it iust made the whole situation political. lt blocked the business-like aspect of running something. You've got all these outside interests and you iust don't know which way you're going." Campbell said that one of the reasons he was asked to leave was because he was one of the most influential people on campus since the program of work in which he is involved is student activities. 'He fought against the way the administra- tion was becoming handled, and lost. "I firmly believe that if you can't work with the people around you or if they can't work with you, instead of fighting it, you're better off to leave," Campbell added. Here at Carolina, Jim Campbell is anx- ious to familiarize himself with the Caro- lina campus, especially the make-up of the student body. "As Vice President of Student Affairs, my main purpose is to represent the stu- dent concerns and needs to the total uni- versity, including the president and the trustees, as well as interpreting university policy and procedures to the students," Campbell said. "We try to redirect programs and ser- vices that benefit the stay of the student on campus and to help them achieve their real reason for being here, which is aca- demics." "The student activities office tries to offer programs and services which support the academic function and set up pro- grams which will permit students to learn." "A kid gets an F in a class and it hurts," Campbell said. "But if a kid gets an F in an activity program it doesn't hurt at all. He iust steps back and regroups, trying to work out his problem." In comparing the University of South Carolina with Eastern Michigan in terms of campus policies and student involvement, Campbell has found both beneficial and detrimental differences. One of the areas discussed was the implementation of coed residence halls, a relatively new concept at Carolina. "Coed living has been going on in other parts of the country for the past five, six years or more. l'm somewhat happier that we're a little bit slower here because we can learn from some of the problems other schools have made," Campbell said. He also scpd that it was a healthy thing to see fraternities and sororities going as active as they are here at USC. "ln Michigan they were iust starting to become active again. lt's an atmosphere that's important. lt's not the sole important atmosphere, but it's important just the f Dane Edens same," he added. One of the areas that Campbell is very concerned with is leadership in the student body here at Carolina. He used the Green Street issue as an example. "I get the feeling that the students really don't know what to do, and don't know how to work through the political system, but they're beginning to see that now. "At Eastern Michigan they've been working through the system for a long time, and they're just a little behind here," he said. "lf history can offer us any direc- tion, the likelihood of anything going through the City Council the first time is not too good. "lf a student wants to change the system and the workings of the system, why not get out there and get some of their own peers elected to the city council? lt's been done elsewhere. lt may take longer, and be more frustrating, but the students have the power to do it." He said that the students can use the power of the vote. "A student does not have much authority. Students collectively have more authority, but students collec- tively with a vote make up a powerful unit, especially when you're talking about gov- ernmental agencies." Campbell thinks that the reason the Green Street issue has been continually awkward is because students have been uninformed. The students were not aware of what was' being done, and it was more of a communications breakdown than lack of leadership, Campbell felt. He said that the students have begun to take an active role in the issues that con- cern the campus, and are working together in an effort to work them out. 34 BY ANN ROSS Because of the increase in national infla- tion the 1975-76 budget for USC was lev- eled off to 587.6 million. After the General Assembly's 55.5 mil- lion cut from the proposed 593.1 million June 17 lover 10 per cent of last year's operating budgetl problemspresented themselves to the university's campus. WHERE can USC cut 55.5 million? The Faculty Advisory Committee sent out this statement regarding their reactions to the cut - "By imposing a budget cut of five mil- lion dollars on USC while maintaining the amount of state support to all the other. publicly funded colleges and universities at or near the original level rather than increases in tuition will not even cover the hike in the USC utility bill. Last year energy costs were 51.8 million. This year the fig- ure is proiected at 52.8 million, with tuition increases totalling only 5800,000." Some of the areas to be under tight con- trol are: - Hiring of personnel, except for essen- tial positions, has been frozen. - Preventive maintenance has been cut substantially. - Education equipment purchases and replacements have been cut out almost entirely. - Student assistants will not be paid the minimum wage after Jan. 1, which will then be 52.20 per hour, since the univer- lege of Arts and Letters - 54,4 College of Science and M 54,447,404, College of Social an vioral Sciences - 53,739,193, Sciences - 53,062,788, College eral Studies - 587-4,516 and lnll plinary Studies - 5384,371. Ad' Studies received 51,091,612 budget. Regional campuses rl 57,682,595 ofthe main campus bu When you think of the 32,259 s in at least one class in the USC n the 587.6 million budget may not s huge. It divides, however, to mor 52,700 per student. "Professional c for the general administration, 534,900 alone. This does not inclul EIIQItItNI ,Mm I NLIUI 5 requiring an equal sacrifice by all of them, the recommendations constitute a gratui- tous iniury to the USC faculty. "While the faculty recognizes that in. times of economic stress everyone must be prepared to sacrifice, we also insist that no one institution should be asked to bear vir- tually all of the burden." President William H. Patterson stated, "USC cannot keep up with the 12.4 per cent inflation rate with the five per cent budget increase it was granted." Announced February '75, tuition was raised 525 per semester for in-state stu- dents and 550 per semester for out-of- state students, yet Bernard Daetwyler, Vice President for Finance, said, "the 348 . sity is not legally bound to do so. Payment will remain at 52.10 per hour. - . - University-funded academic research has been curtailed. - The Center for Shakespeare Studies has been abolished. - Custodial services have been reduced. - Department supply budgets have not been increased. ' - Frequency of some publications has been cut. - Postage and telephone services have been reduced. Of the most interest to students is the budget of their respective colleges. Col- lege budgets, in order of amount, are: Pro- fessional Schools - 510,369,018, Col- professional travel expenses from each college, which range from 54,700 for Interdisciplinary Studies to 587,693 for the professional schools. The regional campuses have 595,350 allotted for pro- fessional travel. Professional travel expen- ses are provided for people in all univer- sity services, offices, dorms, alumni, librar- ies - everybody except undergraduates, it seems. Another maior area of concern is van- dalism. lt is useless, stupid and even ironic that students would destroy the things they used their "precious" money to have. ln thedormitories alone it amounts to about s35o,ooo annually. This isonly the cost of repairs. lt does not include supplies. i.. , Other types of crime are also on the increase causing the need for a larger campus police force and better lighting. There were five attempted muggings reported around the Bates West and ramp area in September alone. Daetwyler stated that almost one million dollars could be saved each year if crime was not such a growing factor in todoy's economic situation. USC can make it this year. As the Fac- ulty Advisor Committee stated, however, "the reductions . . . would have a chilling effect on ithel growth and would nullify much of the improvement that has taken place in recent years." Next year, if the inflation rate continues to be "prosperous," the budget will have to be revised. Vice President for Finance Bernard Daetwyler I administers the budget and accounting office the treasurers office purchasing payroll the trust office and the Internal auditing staff CENTER FUR SHAKESPEARE ABULISHED "The faculty of the Unioenfity of South Caro- lina views with alarm ana' ditnzay the :tate aiaiitoris recommendation that the hzialget ofthe Unioenfity he retlacea' hy nearhz Hoe million dol- larf in 1975-1976." X Q AVN , ' ii' . t t , 559.5 -E I , ,. , We 1. N . l , , . , Z . 1 1 I - t 587.5 txt X 580.1 572.4 c FlEDUCED F . 349 Z lil- 50 S UTH CAROLINA'S ECO OMY WAT South Carolina's economy experienced many fluctuations this year. The Business Administration faculty at USC conducts extensive studies of the indicators of the economy, the citizens attitudes and pro- iecting future economic changes. Dr. Olin Pugh is the Director of the Bureau of Business and Economic Research. Dr. James A. Morris, distin- guished professor of economics, also serves as chairman on the Governor's Board of Economic Advisors to the South Carolina Budget and Control Board. Asso- ciate Professor of Marketing, Dr. John Wil- lenborg is, in addition, director of the USC Center for Marketing Studies. Dr. Pugh directs the monthly publication of "South Carolina Economic Indicators" which is mailed out primarily to businesses and government agencies. The bureau also publishes other related materials, such as the "Business and Economic Review," which is published six times dur- ing the academic year, essays on econom- ics and business, and monographs of selected topics written by the faculty. USC's bureau also conducts research within South Carolina for federal and state agencies. The bureau has published "South Caro- lina Economic Indicators" for ten years. "Theoretically we work with 19 or 20 maior indicators but sometimes only use 17 or 18 in the publication," stated Pugh. The average manufacturing workweek, unemployment, banking, housing construc- tion and sales tax are iust a few of the economic indicators which are analyzed. FORUM presents some of the material reported in "South Carolina Economic lndicators" for 1975: Late in 1974 manufacturers made cut- backs, andthe average manufacturing workweek dropped below 40 hours. This was the first time in four years this low level occurred without influence of special factors, i.e., the ice and snow storms in January and February, 1973, or the energy crisis of April, 1974. Under normal conditions, it represents the shortest wor- kweek since the 1960 recession. The average manufacturing workweek recovered slightly in February, 1975. The average workweek rose during June to 39.5 hours. According to "South Carolina Economic lndicators," the decline during July was because of the seasonal closing of some plants therefore reducing output. ln September it rose to 40.7 hours per week. During November and December the average workweek hours continued to UNEMPLOYMENT rise, though ata much slower rate. Unemployment increased during November and December of 1974. Unem- ployment insurance benefits increased sharply in October to reach the highest level on record. The report stated that the economy was still declining and that South Carolina business activity would continue to decline for some months. ln part, this decline was indicated by frequent layoffs and plant closings. Employment in all areas continued to fall in February, 1975. However the slow- down was less than during the first two months of the year. From March to June the unemployment rate and the insured unemployment rate declined as many non-farm iob opportuni- BANKING ties opened. Bank debits and demand deposits also declined with the expanding effects of inflation. Lower retail sales also pointed to a decrease in business activity. But in the second quarter of 1975 the economy showed signs of improvement. "South Carolina Economic Indicators" BY ANN ROSS reported better conditions from July through December. Nearly all major indi- cators improved during these months. However, decreased claims for unemploy- ment insurance could be due to exhausted benefits rather than reemployment. Total employment increased by 8,100 during September. During the final months of the year the economy continued to improve, though at a much slower rate. According to "South Carolina Economic Indicators" this slow- down was not an unhealthy sign but rather a sign that the workweek had reached a satisfactory length and perhaps more employment opportunities would be open- ing. ln early December, Associate Professor Richard Molten proiected extensively about Christmas shoppers. He predicted that shoppers would be much more selec- tive and looking for gifts of long lasting value. The group with the worst prospects for a "rich" Christmas, according to Mol- ten, were those in the low income bracket. "These are the people who are the first to be laid off and the last to be rehired," he said. Molten predicted that the middle income family would be more likely to buy a present for the entire family, along with sway Havmll 4 l Bobby Harrell Compiler of the monthly "South Carolina Eco- nomic lndicators," Dr. Olin Pugh is in charge of the Bureau of Business and Economic Research. keeping closer tabs on holiday food expenditures. Morris has worked on the Governor's Board of Economic Advisors to the South Carolina Budget and Control Board for ten of the past 12 years. He worked for six years of Governor Robert McNair's term, and Governor John West asked him to be chairman in his second year as governor. This iob is not related to his title of distin- guished professor at Carolina. Morris has taught at USC since 1947, except for four years during which he acted as Commis- sioner of Higher Education for South Caro- lina. He was also Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board in Charlotte and he has been active in'state governments for over 29 years. Morris' chairmanship involves making analyses and judgments from the eco- nomic reports by using various equations. The "iudgmental forecasts" are used to evaluate all forces inherent in the state's situation from taxes, political and petro- leum interests to the effect of New York City's recent bankruptcy on the economy of South Carolina. The starting point of the analyses is to estimate the Gross National Product. "We try to estimate the GNP so we can get at personal income and sales tax," statecl Morris. "We estimate quarterly what state revenues are going to be." This year, July 1, 1975-1976, the state estimate was for 5940 million in general fund revenues. ln the last six months of 1975, the total tax revenue for South Car- olina was S442 million, of which 5182 mil- lion were sales taxes and S168 million were income taxes. The state buys national forecasts from DRI in Massachusetts. With these they pre- dict state changes and changes in taxes. At times there are problems when one expects personal income taxes to change ten per cent due to ten per cent changes in other areas, but this does not always hap- pen. ' Morris stated, "We look at how the state has been moving with the national economy." The textile industry recovered and was improving. Agriculture was also improving. After estimating sales and income tax revenue, equations are used to show the relationship between changes of sales with employment and other factors. Dr. John Willenborg, director of the USC Center for Marketing Studies, is involved with a randomly recruited USC Consumer Panel of 800 households in South Carolina. Surveys are sent to these families every six to eight weeks. "The panel began in fall, 1972, with the Columbia metro area only," said Willen- borg. lt expanded to Charleston, Green- ville and North Augusta in 1973, increas- ing the 250 panel households to 500. In spring, 1975, it expanded to seven other -cities with over 20,000 population. "The panel is basically middle and upper income. Responses are not good from lthose families withj low income, low education," Willenborg stated. The prob- lem with this is that it may not represent the population in some factors. However, most of economic welfare is based on the fluctuations within the middle and upper income classes. As an incentive to respond USC offers trading stamps. The response rate is 82-84 per cent. "Expectations and Attitudes," the econ- omy survey, is mailed to panel members twice a year, in January and July. It attempts to measure how people in South Carolina feel about the economy. Ques- tions on the survey are taken from the national index survey done by the Univer- sity of Michigan. Results of the surveys are distributed to academic iournals and media, and pre- sented at professional meetings to selected business and government leaders in South Carolina. Some of the results are sent to panel members in subsequent mail- ings. At USC the panel is used primarily by faculty and students for academic research. Another survey of the USC Center for Marketing Studies was of the factors or attitudes related to community satisfac- tion, which was done in cooperation with the College of Government and Interna- tional Studies. A monograph of this sub- iect will be published. Other surveys cover the use of financial services in the state, attitudes toward the state's problems and how to solve them and the relation of gas prices to consumption. Another activity of the College of Business Administration includes a study of the "Impact of the State Ports Authority upon the Economy of South Carolina" conducted by Professors David Pender and Ronald Wilder. April marked the first session of an annual Conference on the Economic Out- look for South Carolina. The conference is sponsored by the Charles E. Daniel Center for Management Education at USC. This year the keynote speaker was Dr. Robert A. Kavesh, chairman of the Department of Economics at New York University. 4 use BODUYHMIBII Distinguished professor of economics Dr. james A. Morris chairs the governor's Board of Economic Advisors to the state Budget and Control Board. TIIE "For almost 25 years we have had nothing but digging holes, construction sites, and wrecking the campus," Harold Brunton, vice president of operations, said. "lt is time to put things back together." Maior campus construction began during the 1950's with the building of Russell House and the Osborne Building. Through the l96O's, as student enrollment rapidly increased, further con- struction was needed to meet the demands of the growing cam- pus. Now, university officials see solutions to future space prob- lems as making the most efficient use of the space available. Today physical expansion lags behind a need for expansion by about three years. This is the reason for the recent construc- tion on the new library, Russell House addition, biology and pharmacy buildings, Gambrell Hall, Pendleton Garage, and the new auditorium. Although the library, Russell House addition, and biology building are to be completed this spring, it will be 1977 before all other construction proiects are finished, Brunton said. Libraries, formerly located at Petigru, Wardlaw, McMaster, McKissick, and the Physical Science Center will be moved to the new central library. This physical shift will involve moving over one million volumes as well as all microfilm. Because of disagreement between legislators and university 352 QL BY KAREN. PETIT officials, in the late l96O's, funds for the 59 million library were hard to obtain. The originalproposal from USC to the S.C. Gen- eral Assembly was to build an addition-to McKissick in the Gib- bes 'Green area. This extra space was to be for additional book stac s. While the University of Georgia had adopted a similar plan for their library, Gov. Robert McNair obiected to. USC's plan saying that the plan was in contrast with the way he thought the campus should look. A plan to add underground stack spaces to the Undergradu- ate Library was also reiected. As a compromise solution, the General Assembly and USC officials decided to expand the Undergraduate Library. From a location standpoint, McKissick is the best area for the library, Brunton said. The new library, however, provides a closer proximity to the science buildings, making it possible for the science library to be moved there. "We have somewhat lucked out with the new library and have come up with the single most important move in the last decade. It will cause ripples in other areas of the university. For- mer space that was used for libraries will be used for classroom and office space," Brunton said. Overcrowded conditions plagued many USC departments this year. While few departments experienced an overall space shortage, there was both a deficient amount of the right kinds of space and a lack of funds for either renovation or building. A 52.3 million grant solved space problems for the College of Pharmacy. The new building will be added to the biology build- ing. Other departments, however, have not been quite so fortu- nate. Several areas experiencing space shortages this year and some solutions are: 1. Art Department - Space in Booker T. Washington was used this year for art studies. 2. Student Affairs - At present Student Affairs is located in the rented Pendleton Building. There is no immediate solution to the space problems there. 3. Administration - University officials hope the Senate Street Federal Building will be available for use. Space is now being rented at 1800 Gervais St. 4. Psychology Department - Space in the Dorn apartment complex offers a short-range solution. The department needs significant remodeling. 5. Theater Department - The renovation of Longstreet Theater will provide some additional space. 6. History Department - The completion of the new Gambrell Hall will solve this department's problems. 7. Early Childhood Education - This department found extra space in Booker T. Washington this year. 8. Housing and Resident Life - With completion of the new library, these offices were moved to Petigru, 9. Criminal Justice Graduate Program - The new criminal ius- tice program at the graduate level will need significant space in the Coliseum. Plans are being made to remodel the General Studies area. Existing space problems should be alleviated in three to five years, Brunton said. The 1976 completion of Gambrell Hall, which is the new social scienv.. -s center, will further help space problems as space is vacated at Currell College. The Russell House addition to be completed during the sum- mer will increase facilities there. Space will become available for meeting rooms, study lounges, administrative offices, con- versational and television lounges, and a ballroom. A larger campus shop and a media center are other features of the Rus- sell House addition. Groundbreaking forthe new S8 million cultural center audito- rium was in January. The auditorium is expected to be com- pleted by late I977. George lzenour, internationally known theater designer, has been USC's consultant for the proiect and has developed an auditorium that will vary in size from a 700-seat facility to a maximum capacity of 3,000. The auditorium will be adiacent to College, Pendleton, and Henderson streets. When completed, the cultural center will pro- vide for symphonies' performances on a scale never possible before. "There is a difference between a university and college cam- pus," Brunton said. "A university has broader horizons. ln the future we will have four campuses - the Horseshoe, Gibbes Green, east campus, and a science campus which will be intensi- fied by completion of the pharmacy building. l think we will then have achieved a university-style campus." lt' With tiqnlwseifen '1l9!1Kl!i!SEEQ!DPlEflQ!lrfllflfflew liibloi 7 harma' huildin 'stimds as amnite mon' T e .-.syn ..t... . ef ' itql.ith:Htg,the fr:orners9fi1SLili1t6: and Devlgneirslrertst T .When the dongs-dpeixaMiiivehgifi