University of Santa Clara - Redwood Yearbook (Santa Clara, CA)

 - Class of 1921

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University of Santa Clara - Redwood Yearbook (Santa Clara, CA) online yearbook collection, 1921 Edition, Cover
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Text from Pages 1 - 368 of the 1921 volume:

' J ' CONTENTS EXILE— To Dante (Verse) - - A. J. Steiss Dante and our age - - George D Pancera ST. JOHN BERCHMANS (Verse) - Martin M. Murphy RADIO TELEPHONY - - - Erancis B. Tinney MISSION BELLS OF SANTA CLARA (Verse) Donald J. Pierr PURISSIMA RIDGE - - A. J. steiss NOVEMBER THOUGHTS (Verse) - J. Marlus Becchetti NUMBERS . . - - Donald J. Pierr WIND TRYST (Verse; - - - John T. Lewis EDITOl IALS -.._-. CHRONICLE ---... ALUMNI ----- . - EXCHANGES ------ ATHLETICS ------ Library University of Santa Clara REVEREND ZACHEUS J. MAHER, S. J. President Entered Dec. 18, 1902. at Santa Clara. Cal.. as second-class matter, under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 VOL. XXI SANTA CLARA, CAL., NOVEMBER. 1921 No. 1 EXILE TO DANTE HAT violing wind awakes still cKords in tKee, Once wailing in tKe winds of Paradise?— Florentian! suckling songs an ong tKe skies; Sounding the pools of deep Triunity, Thy Lyre attuned to Divinity: Virgil, to blest Bernard and Beatrice; Sad poet of the Lethe ' s slumbrous rise, And far Inferno thundering ceaselessly! Florentine bells from campaniles far, Contwined in lisping breezes fragrant still, Stir dusty memories of fantastic war, Forgotten feuds of Florence, thwarted will, Within thee while, east flowing languid are The Lethal shadows of the western hill. A. J. STEISS. IR. library University of Santa Clara Dante and Our Age George D. Pancera |TX hundred years ago in Ravenna, Guido Novello da Polenta delivered the funeral ora- tion over the re- mains of his friend, Dante Al- ighieri. And so Dante, the man is dead ; but on this, the occasion of the com- memoration of his decease, when prac- tically the entire Christian world is chanting his praises, Dante, the poet- ical genius, the inspiration and stimu- lator of undeveloped and developing? genius, lives on and enjoys an ever-ex- panding assemblage of devotees with the passing decades. How do we account for this rush to pay homage to the greatness of a poet of an age of tranquilitj ' , steadfastness and solid faith, when we ostensibly are living in an age that has sought to avoid these associations? Are we of this turbulent twentieth century seek- ing to find our way back from a path that was leading into the jungle of at- avism? Are we, in our spent and be- wildered, but happily newly-awakened condition, reaching out to the Floren- tine poet, as the supreme recorder of a century that was constant and secure, to furnish a morsel of sober reality to alleviate the unwholesome taste of up-to-date philosophy and artificiality upon which we have been feasting; all the time unaware that the air was reso- nant with the rumblings of a hundred screaming tocsins? The world has been copiously dream- ing on a plane of consciousness unre- lated to our present needs and condi- tions, but is now emerging, grimly re- alizing and ready to confess its pres- ent state by inscribing on its banner the single word, " repletion " . It has grown tired o f lurking in the shadows of life and now seeks God ' s pure sun- light. And where does it turn to ful- fill its desire? It looks to him who is the symbol of life. Dante was human, first, last and always, whether on the journeys to his imaginary Hell, Purga- tory or Paradise. We can appreciate and feel with Dante because he is man, but the indescribable man that is tonic for the neglected soul, the plaintive and meditative heart and the misguid- ed mind. A cursory glance through the master- piece, or even the simplest sonnet, pre- sents to the mind the impression of an arresting something that seems too ten- uous or diaphanous to describe ; a mo- ment of sober reflection, however, will prove it to be his aptitude to see at all times through the human eye. Dante, as others, delves into the abstract, but the concrete element is ever there to round out the picture. The world drinks from the golden urn of Dante ' s creative ingenuity, not because he was able to wield an easy and burnished pen, but because his pen THE REDWOOD was ever steeped into the well of logic. Dante was a slave to right order ; it was too great a part of the procedure in life to be lightly put aside. He was not the greatest poet, but he remains to the present day the supreme apostle of order, and as the dispenser of truth he stands in splendid isolation. Dante knew his philosophy and religion as he knew men and their sinful propensi- ties. His " Divine Comedy " then is the ap- plication of philosophy and Christian teachings to the Avorld of his creation. " We cannot always appreciate and real- ize in the fullest measure the real force and thought contained in that immor- tal work ; primarily, because it is based on a conception of the world long since rejected by the modern mind. There is, however, no missing the force, vividness and splendid intensity with which he sketches his medieval age. It evades description : — we only know tliis is so and are supremely glad and happy Ihat it is. We say we may not wholly under- stand Dante, but we can marvel at the completeness of his work and the in- genious weaving of science and logic into the design. He points out his Hell as nine concentric circles comprising an inverted cone, each round represent- ing a specific degree of offense against God and containing a properly fitting punishment. The offenses increase in gravity and punishments in intensity as the circles approach the vortex, where his satanic majesty, Lucifer, is held in the terrible frozen quagmire. The whole picture is a faultless ap- plication of the rules of logic. The scenes are appalling in their grim re- ality and the morals taught by them are as sound as they are explicitly pointed out. In the descriptions of Purgatory and Heaven, we find the same perfect bal- ance maintained in every respect. There too, we have nine circles; these, however, are ascending ; each round representing a greater degree of juxta position to God, and thus as Dante and his guides clamber steadily upwards, they at last come into full view of the city of God, shining forth in all its ir- radiant splendor. It is the most gigantic undertaking ever attempted by a human hand, yet it does not bear the stigma of laborious or forced lines. To our amazement, on examination and comparison, we are brought to realize that no tale was ever attended with more brevity, poignan- cy, or completeness ; in truth, no mortal creation is more terrifyingly vivid, piti- ful or trenchantly horrible. It is untainted by doting or doubtful digressions, or useless elaborations, is fearlessly related and straightforAvard in its diction. Developed along allegor- ical lines, other works of similar na- ture are lost in the shadows of this in- spired masterpiece which sprang from a depth of feeling and a richly gifted nature. Wonderful, too, is the intel- lectual enjoyment the poet furnishes to every class of student, artist, scientist, logician, theologist, and every other man of learning finds satiety and warm sympathy in his lines. Dante never lost sight of his purpose ; to teach and glorify his Christian phil- osophy, to lash the world of vice and expose it in all its liideousness, and by his exaltation of his beloved Beatrice, the symbol of Divine Wisdom and all that is noble in the world, to bear wit- THE REDWOOD oess to the refinement of the women of the Thirteenth Century. The passion of love for the ideal of a woman, as distinguished from any affection for the woman herself, was a power that fanned the distinct spark of early genius into the leaping flame of universal and immortal intensity — Dante will be read as long as Christi- anity survives. But Dante, for all his nobility of heart and loftiness of mind, was not a perfect man by any means ; his invect- ive utterances from exile against the Sovereign Pontiffs of his time and those responsible for his expatriation from his Florence can be overlooked, yet cannot be justified. For all that, although tossed about cruelly by his misfortunes, he remained courageous in spirit and strong in character, while his energies remained active and his cour- age unshaken. Dante lived his life as his conscience directed him, and we are not surprised to learn that he practised his religion in an exemplary and consistent manner. He recognized two guides to assist him in successfully traversing the span of life; the monarchical government of Rome he regarded as the most perfect form of civil rule, while in the higher life he turned to the Pope, the Vicar of Christ and successor of St. Peter, to lead him in the path of righteousness. Both Church and State he maintained, were ordained by Heaven to guide him to his two-fold end. Dante ' s chosen work in life is high- ly becoming the man ; he proceeded up- on the conviction that sin was the prime cause of disorder in the universe and waged an audacious and inexora- ble fight against its corrupting influ- ences. In his " Divine Comedy " the message and admonition are contained, advising humanity to look to the end that all may be well with them and their posterity. Never did a poem jump into such favor at the death of its author or en- gage the public attention more power- fully. This can be attributed, not alone to its intrinsic excellence, but be- cause it dealt freely and audaciously with the high characters of the time. It gripped the curiosity of the age, for many saw in it his neighbor or kins- man painted in his true coloi s of honor or infamy. Again, the subtle allegory pervading it, the striking allusions and originality of metaphoric language, were factors that drew a hungry legion of admirers. In later years as the mills of civili- zation ground out new conceptions and interpretations of life, the philosophy of Dante was often misunderstood. Readers saw only the grim and fore- boding mask of the man and unwitting- ly thought not to peer beneath. Few poets, perhaps, ever had their writings subjected to such varying criticism. Common men, not under- standing him, manifested only a luke warm interest. Education, with eyes solidly fixed on Shakespeare, Milton and Homer, had scarcely taken the trouble to flit the pages of Dante ; but the masters of all times have pro- nounced his name always with the deepest respect and reverence. At last in our time it is gratifying to find that the world has shoAvn an in- clination to follow the lead of these masters, so that the " Poet of Flor- ence " and the ideal of Christendom may come into his own. St. John Berchmans " . . in juventutis flore, maturus coelo . . " EEP Kast delved, unstarred Astronomer, Far beyond tKe stars. Droopest wingless— wings, all Keaven KearetK, Wearily beating upon empyreal bars. Stillness, as of pool ' s profundity, SilencetK tKy tongue; Yet listetK Keaven to tKe lay tKat lulletK Caroling SerapKim— songless for tKy song! MARTIN M. MURPHY Radio Telephony Francis B. Tinney RESUMABLY the foremost achieve- ment of modern science in the last twenty-five years, with the excep- tion of the air- plane, is Wire- less Communication; and in the past ten years, the development of the Radio Telephone. The desire of man to communicate with another at a dist- ance is probably as old as man himself, but the first human to accomplish any noteworthy success was Samuel F. Morse. His invention, the line tele- graph, is also the basis of the present day trans-oceanic cables. The next person to make a noteable adva nce in the field of electrical communication was the famous Alexander Graham Bell, who found a means of modulation by which the voice could be transmit- ted electrically over great distances and reproduced into sound again. Mod- ulation causes electric currents to fluc- tuate in amounts proportional to the sound vibrations. The first discovery of the underlying principle of Wireless Telegraphy was made in 1888 by Heinrich Hertz, a Ger- man Physicist, who found and determ- ined the velocity of electrical oscilla- tions, from which fact they received the name Hertzian Waves. It remain- ed, however, for Marconi, in 1896, to realize the importance of Hertz ' s dis- coveries and put them to use in a very crude wireless telegraph system. This first set, although very cumbersome and bulky, was capable of covering a distance of only about three miles. About 1905, after many improve- ments in radio equipment, Lee de For- est, an American Scientist, invented the three element Audion Tube, which will be explained later, and made Radio Telephony practical. Before leaving the Audion Valve for the present, it might be well to state that it has a three fold role: that of detection, of amplification, and of setting up pure, constant amplitude oscillations. Before proceeding deeper into the subject a few principles of Physics will be appropriate in order that the reader may obtain a better conception of the topic. Radio Communication of any form is conducted by Ether waves. These will be understood by an analogy. Should we drop a pebble in a pool of still water, waves will be propagated and extend radially from the point of the disturbance. Each wave consists of a peak and a hollow, the distance be- tween two adjacent peaks or hollows is the wave length. The number of these waves per second is called the frequen- cy. If the distance covered by a cer- tain number of waves in a second is kept constant, as in the case of Wire- less Communication, and the frequency increased, it is obvious that the wave length must be decreased in an inverse proportion. Similarly, if the frequency THE REDWOOD is decreased, the wave length will be increased. Sound is a kindred phenomenon, ex- cept that it uses a gas, a liquid, or a solid as a conducting medium, and has a frequency range from 16 to 32000 vi- brations a second, which are audible to the human ear. Since the elements of wave motion are now understood, we will take up ether vibrations. In general, these con- sist of six distinct forms, known as the electromagnetic phenomena or waves, whose essential differences are their frequencies, viz: 1— Radio, 16x10 ' to 3x10° vibrations per second. 2 — Laboratory, 3x10 ' to 10 " vibra- tions per second. 3— Unknown, 10 " to 6x10 ' = vibra- tions per second. 4 — Heat, 6x10 " to 4x10 " vibrations per second. 5 — Light, 4x10 " to 8x10 " vibrations per second. 6 — Actinic, 8x10 " to 3x10 " vibra- tions per second. Since these waves are all an electro- magnetic phenomena they necessarily travel at the same velocity, which Hertz proved to be 186,000 miles per second. Expressed in the Metric Sys- tem this is 300,000,000 meters per sec- ond. From this we derive the funda- mental formula of radio: 300,000,000 Wave length= frequency in cycles per second It is a known fact that in order to produce these waves, there must be a vibrating medium, which sets them up. In the case of sound the vibrating me- dium is a solid, a liquid, or a gas ; but in the case of ether, it is a conductor which vibrates electrically; that is. one which contains a vibrating elec- trical current, which we term oscilla- tory. There are four main ways of setting up these oscillations: (1) By the charge and discharge of a Leyden Jar; (2) By the Poulsen, Duddell, or Janke Arc Converter; (3) By the Al- exanderson or Goldschmidt Radio Fre- quency Alternator; (4) By the Audion Tube Oscillator. The first mentioned method is suita- ble for wireless telegraphy only, be- cause each succeeding wave of a train of oscillations is of less amplitude than the preceeding wave. This form is called discontinuous or damped os- cillations, a familiar example of this type being the spark transmitter. It is impossible to modulate damped oscilla- tions for telephony because of their al- ready varying amplitude. The Wireless Telephone is possible by means of the last three Avays men- tioned, but due to inherent characteris- tics of the Alternator and the Arc it is difficult to properly modulate their output with speech, so the Audion re- mains almost alone in this wide but new field. However, it might be well to say, before passing, that radio tele- phony was first transmitted by an Arc Converter, and even the Janke Arc has accomplished very good results along this line. In order to obtain the proper con- ception of the functioning of the Radio Telephone, it is essential that the ac- tion of the Audion Valve must be un- derstood. First we will take its de- velopment. In 1884 Thomas A. Edison found that by placing two filaments in a high vacuum, and lighting one to brilliancy a very small current was induced in the other filament, in one direction only. THE REDWOOD He called his devise the " Electrical In- dicator " and it later become known as the " Edison Effect " . Almost twenty years afterward, an English Physicist, Dr. J. A. Fleming, by substituting a cylindrical plate in- stead of the extra filament discovered that this devise could be used for Radio Telegraph reception. The principle upon which Fleming ' s invention func- tions is as follows: When the filament is heated to a state where light is given off there is an emission of electrons radially from it. Now, an electron is the smallest particle of matter known to science, and is supposed to carry the tiniest possible charge of negative elec- tricity on its travel from one body to another. In the case of an ordinary electric lamp these particles hit the glass walls. But if we place a small metal band around the filament and connect a set of batteries between the filament and the plate, so that the negative pole of the battery is attached to the negative side of the filament, and the positive pole to the plate, these negative elec- trons will be greatly attracted to the metal plate because of its positive na- ture. Should the plate be made electro- negative by reversing the polarity of the plate battery, the negative elec- trons will be repelled. It is simply in accordance with the fundamental law of magnetism and electricity, — that like attracts unlike and repels like. Now, if we place a milammeter in the plate circuit we will find that a current flows in one direction only when the plate is electro-positive in nature, and no current passes through the meter when it is electro-negative. This demonstrates that the electrons form a conductor over which the cur- rent flows. It can be seen from above, that if an alternating current is substi- tuted for the plate potential only the positive half of the cycle will be able to pass, thus we have in the two ele- ment valve a very powerful rectifier. These are known commercially as the General Electric Tungar and the West- inghouse Rectigon Rectifiers. In order to convert radio oscillations into sound they must be converted into the form of a pulsating direct current so as to be able to actuate the telephone receiver. This is because the pole of the receiver has a definite magnetic flux, and to impose an alternating cur- rent upon it would ruin its sensitive- ness. So it is seen that the purpose of the Fleming Oscillon, or two element valve in radio telegraph or telephone recep- tion is that of rectification. Now if we place a third element, a helical coil of wire, called the grid, be- tween the plate and the filament and connect it electro-positively in series with a battery and a milammeter to the negative side of the plate battery, a current in the same direction is regis- tered on both the grid and plate milam- meters. Should we make the grid electro- negative the flow of electrons from the filament is repulsed, as both are nega- tively charged and they necessarily op- pose each other. Therefore the current to the plate, having no electronic con- ductor to travel on, is quite suddenly stopped. One can understand from this that the grid acts as an automatic inter- rupter. Since it has no mechanical parts to move, it seemingly has no iner- tia, and can therefore open and close the plate circuit an enormous number THE REDWOOD of times a second. In order to make a Vacuum Tube function properly at all times, as a rectifier of incoming oscillations, we must introduce a condenser and a high resistance of about a raagohm, shunt- ing the condenser, in the grid circuit instead of the grid battery. When radio frequency currents are introduced on the grid circuit from the aerial, it is first made positive and then negative. It must be remembered that only an alternating, oscillating, or a pulsatinji ' current can pass through a condenser. This is a devise composed of two con- ducting surfaces separated by an insu- lator. When the grid is positive elec- trons are drawn over it, but when it is negative they are repelled; thus for each succeeding half oscillation, elec- trons are drawn to the grid, placing a charge in the grid condenser which is negative on the grid side. Since an increasing negative charge on the grid acts to reduce the plate-to- filament current, then, while a group of oscillations are rectified the tele- phone current is reduced ; but the high resistance, known as the grid leak, comes into play and slowly discharges the condenser and allows the grid and plate to come back to their normal state. These variations which occur at each wave train causes the diaphragm of the telephone receiver to vibrate. We will now consider the Audion Valve as a generator of constant ampli- tude oscillations. Take for instance a spark coil of the wipe type. When we make and break the primary circuit from a battery we set up a similar cur- rent in the secondary. If we place the primary of an air core transformer in the plate circuit and the secondary in the grid circuit so that the plus side of the primary is toward the plate and the negative end of the secondary near- est to the grid; when a current flows from the filament to the plate it places a negative charge on the grid by induc- tion through the coil. This state of the grid repels the electronic discharge and since the filament-to-plate current has no medium to travel, it also stops. This break of the current places a positive charge upon the grid, due to the trans- former, and consequently the electron flow to the plate is resumed again. This process is how the tube acts, and is repeated an enormous number of times a second. We will now consider how the out- put of the Audion Oscillator is modu- lated for telephon.y. The essential in- strument which accomplishes this is the microphone transmitter, which functions on the principle of a varying resistance. The devise is made up as follows: small carbon balls or blocks are in contact with each other and touching the diaphragm. Sound makes this vibrate and thus varies the resist- ance of the carbon pieces proportion- ally, due to their differing pressure of contact with each other. Now it can be easily seen that if the microphone be placed between the aerial and ground that the radiated en- ergy will be modulated. How- ever, as very large currents are some- times in the ground circuit, it is impos- sible to make a transmitter of suffi- cient capacity without entering into more serious electrical and construct- ive difficulties, so it is better to obtain a more satisfactory means of modula- tion. A fairly efficient method is that of placing the microphone in the grid cir- cuit, since a very small change in the 10 THE REDWOOD grid voltage causes a great variation in the electron flow from the filament to the plate. A slight improveme nt is to place the microphone inductively in the grid circuit by means of a transformer having a high ratio between the prim- ary and the secondary, in order to step up the voltage of the microphonic vari- ations before placing them on the grid. This means is known commonly as the absorption method. A very superior form of modula- tion is known as the constant current system. By this is meant that the plate current of the oscillator is not varied by modulating the grid potential of the tube, but the plate supply is regulated by the results of an output of another Audion Valve, whose grid current has been changed by a microphone in its circuit. In other words, if a constant if the supply of the tube nearest the source of current is fed to two tubes with their plates wired in parallel, and source is varied, a slight potential drop will be effected on the plate of the sec- ond Audion, which will vary the ampli- tude of its oscillations. The method of modulation, where a separate tube is used as a modulator and another as the oscillator, is called the Heissing System. There are several other appliances used in a telephone set, which will be merely enumerated as their functioning will appear obvious: A motor genera- tor, which will supply from 500 to 1500 volts direct current for plate potential, depending upon the size and range of the set. A Voltmeter is required to measure this. A filter circuit is needed to smooth out the ripples of this supply so that a nearly constant amplitude di- rect current may be had. This devise is composed of two II 2 Henry choke coils and two high voltage test con- densers, which are shunted across the coils. A twelve volt Storage Battery is ne- cessary to light the filaments. A Ther- mo-couple or a Hot wire ammeter of suitable range is needed to measure the radiation current in the aerial. This meter must not be of the ordinary mag- netic type as the radio-frequency cur- rents would not go through the arma- ture coil, and a high frequency current stays on the outside of the conductor; consequently, the meter would give a reading which would be correct only for such an instrument of this type with one turn on the armature coil. Before closing, the purpose of the aerial will be stated. Its function is two fold: (1) To radiate energy in the form of electro-magnetic waves; (2) To absorb part of the energy radiated by a distant transmitter; briefly it is that of sending out the impulses and of receiving them. There are four gen- eral types of antennae suitable for transmission, viz. : the vertical or fan type, the umbrella aerial, the inverted " L " flat top antenna, and the T aerial. The vertical and umbrella antennae radiate well in all directions, while the flat top styles are slightly directional, that is, they radiate the current better in one direction than in another. How- ever, since all aerials are governed by the following two conditions all types find a use: (1) By the length of the wave to be radiated; (2) By the space available for erection. The connection from the transmit- ting apparatus to the earth should be as direct as possible and the conductor ought to be one of high conductivity. The ground connection is sometimes a water pipe, buried plate or a system of THE REDWOOD 11 wires placed on the ground, under the surface, or suspended a few feet above the ground running parallel to the an- tennae. The earth connection is as im- portant, if not more so, than the aerial. In concluding I will say that Wire- less Telephony can be received on any Audion Receiving set, and on a Crys- tal set, provided that the oscillations are well modulated and the transmit- ting station sufficiently close. The Radio Engineer has a very broad and comparatively new field before him. Sending pictures through the ether is in the process of beginning. And sending electrical energy, in worth while quantities and small dissi- pation losses, without wires, will some day be mastered by a Radio Engineer. Bear this in mind. Radio is not the mysterious something which most peo- ple think ; it is an exact Science. Mission Bells of Santa Clara E mellow tKroated bards of Orpheus, CKime fortK your peaceful call. The misty gray Is softly fallen o ' er a troubled world And youthful shadows flit in silent play. With strained ear I list for your refrain; But all is still save yonder rustling palm, Swayed gently by the lazy evening breeze, And mystic olive chanting Nature ' s psalm. Lo! NIow your soothing voice is heard, how soft! Celestial cymbals tuned to earthly key; Sweet sounds sublime, intone the hallowed hour. Enchanting echoes of eternity. DONALD J. PIERR 12 On Purissima Ridge A. J. Steiss, Jr. [GUSTY blackness turned a cold grey; and a Jan- uary dawn of the year 1881 showed a pallid face to the west- ern slope of the Coast Range. A piercing wind had driven the fog up the mountain, and like a rising sea the mist had swallowed the gnarled, twisted tree-tops, and poured its flood into the valley. At intervals the dull booming of the surf rolled upward ; and the sad cry of the sea mews, blown eastward by the wind and lost in the fog, sounded weirdly over the torn, bleak solitude. A man stumbled upward among the boulders and the undergrowth and the manzanita. Often he glanced about him furtively, his bronzed face seamed and drawn, his gleam- ing eyes sunken, their darkness accentuated by the heavy eyebrows above them. His shock head and beard were wet with the clinging silver mist. His attire denoted him a seaman : a heavy jacket was buttoned to his throat and he wore loose trousers, torn and frayed by the brush. One would have fancied a monastery in the vicinity, it was so coldly still ; the effect was heightened by the im- prisoning walls of mist that formed a lone meditation cell for the hollow-eyed man of the mountain. Too lo nely and far too conducive to meditation the sailor thought ; and as unescapable as a prison! He was within the great clois- ter of nature. The tolling of the surf was indistinct now as the pulse beat of a distant bell. An hour later he was nearing the summit. The fog had thinned a little and far below him he saw the ocean, grey, furrowed, and flecked with white along the shore ; there was not a vessel upon all that dun, dismal expanse. The dull drone of the waves washing among the rocks was no longer audible to the sailor; only the rustling of the brush as he made his way among the red- woods, disturbed the sepulchral still- ness of the mountain. He lay down to rest once but a cope of leaden silence crushed him and he continued his weary climb. When he had topped a small ri se he saw a tall redwood upon the ridge, not half a mile distant, with a halo of mist fast dis- solving. Wet beads that were not fog stood out upon his forehead and his mouth moved convulsively. When he climbed again he seemed to be strug- gling against himself. Perhaps it was the demoniacal Imp of the Perverse who goaded him onward; or it may have been Fate (an idea we might credit were we followers of Mahomet). Howbeit, before the tattered shreds of the mist had disappeared the man lay at the foot of the great redwood, gasp- ing for breath. Soon he rose. " The cabin , " he thought. " It must be somewhere be- 13 14 THE REDWOOD hind that brush if it hasn ' t rotted away. " Shielding his face the sailor pushed his way through the dense under- growth. A twig snapped in his eyes and blinded him for a moment. When he could see again, he stood in full view of the cabin. But no birds had builded their nests in the rafters, nor did a sagging door reveal a floor littered with leaves. In- stead, a thin trail of smoke glided into the air, and there was a whisper of a burning fire. The man stood aghast, his breath escaping in rasping jerks. He stood thus for a full minute. Then the door opened slowly and silently. A middle aged woman, with hair that was turning gray, looked hopeless- ly out over the mountain; past the sailor, past the trees and out .... out to the ocean. It was his wife. " No, Maria, that rustlin ' warn ' t anything, " she said, turning to someone within. " Ain ' t even a ship in sight. " The door was half closed when the man found his voice. " Johanna! " he cried. And in a mo- ment he was sobbing upon his wife ' s shoulder in the clearing before the cab- in. Not a tear moistened her cheek, but Foster knew that grief had long since exhausted the last tear; only her heart was weeping. Soon they entered the cabin. At a sign from Johanna, Maria, the old ser- vant, glided out, and husband and wife were left alone. Johanna seated her- self at the window, through which she had watched a year of desolate days. Her husband sat upon a stool with his downcast head resting upon his hands. " Johan ' , " said the man after a long silence, " I wasn ' t meanin ' fer you to wait fer me. " His wife did not answer. He looked up and when he saw her still gazing out over the wilderness, he again fell to sobbing. The sorrow that had weighed upon Johanna through a long year was dawning slowly upon her hus- band. She had been able to undergo the pangs because they came one by one; legion in number, it is true; but one steeling her heart against the next. But he who had caused her sorrow was beginning to feel its edge and the ac- cumulated griefs of a long year were all torturning his soul at once. He was overwhelmed. " I ' d no idee you ' d be set on stayin ' in the cabin fer all that stretch, " the man almost whined. " Warn ' t climbin ' the mountain fer nothin ' Ben — were you? " The woman smiled — a mere trace of a smile. " Well, no-o ... I s ' pose not. I — I was jest a mite cur ' us ez to how things were lookin ' yerabouts since I — left. " Foster rose nervously and opened the door. " Besides, " he said when he re- turned, " I ben movin ' pretty muchly this last month. Them damnation gov ' - ment hounds hez ben on my trail pret- ty steady, and I figgered the only way to leave ' em was over this yer ridge. That ' s how I happened to come — mostly. " " What you done? " asked Johanna. " You recall that sheriff who was a-hangin ' round my heels ' count o ' smugglin ' ? Well — I shot him in the heart. " He seemed to doubt whether his wife had grasped the full significance of the situation. " He died. " She saw her husband ' s shoulders heaving despite him, and she rose and put her hand on his shoulder. " Don ' t THE REDWOOD 15 take on so, Ben, " she almost whis- pered. He stroked her hand gently, but he could not speak. " Oh I ain ' t bawlin ' ' count o ' the sheriff ' s dyin ' , " he burst out sudden- ly. " I ' d kill him a dozen times if he ' d come to life. " Johanna was stroking his head much as one would to quiet an angry dog. " Anyhow, that ' s the reason I went, Johan ' , " he said. ' ' I f iggered you ' d— be glad— if I did it. " He looked ap- pealingly toward her, but her eyes were turned away. He ran his fingers through his thick hair. " I reckoned you ' d be glad to be free of a — murderer. You warn ' t deservin ' o ' my disgrace .... were you? " He seemed uncertain. " Oh Ben, it warn ' t disgrace to kill a sheriff, " said Johanna. " You got a right to do that. " Foster was obstinate. " Reckoned I ' d be hanged if I waited around, Johan ' , " he persisted, feeling his neck ruminatively. " ' Twarn ' t no use to stay. " But something in his voice showed that he knew he was wrong. His wife ' s face was turned toward him, every line traced in shadow. " Why, Johan ' ! tears hev jest gouged out them hollows under yer eyes. You oughtn ' t ever have done it! " Noon came with cold sunlight, the afternoon drifted down in the west and the day waned into grey again. An overwhelming peace slept in the two reunited hearts and sorrow was only a memory. The vigil and the anxiety were over. Johanna, watching the darkness creep up the mountain, saw dark fig- ures on horseback half a mile down the slope. " Men coming, Ben, " she said, falling dejectedly into her chair. He sprang to the window in time to see a head disappear behind a rise. With a clouded brow he stood for a long while biting his lips. " Johan ' , I — I guess I got to leave you again, " he at last said slowly with his gaze still upon the mountain side. He buttoned his coat around him. " But you ' ll wait, won ' t you? " Johanna smiled ; they embraced. She stood in the doorway with the light streaming through her hair, while Ben, indistinct against the gloom, turned for a last farewell. " I ' ll be back — soon, " he called soft- ly. Then the shadow of the man melt- ed into a forest of shadows, and the door of the cabin closed softly. The light went out and Johanna sat by the window, weeping for the first time that day. Old Maria appeared from somewhere and entered the cabin. But she did not try to comfort Johanna for Maria was wise. Foster ' s foot trod many strands in the ensuing half a year. He eluded the posse that Johanna had so lucidly espied from the cabin window, and escaped on a coaster sailing for Mexico and South America. In a fight aboard ship, he was thrown overboard, and was rescued by a Spanish fisherman, half dead. He was delirious for a week afterwards; and the fisherman ' s child- ren, in mimicry of the raving man, went about the beach crying, " Johan- na! Johanna! " and laughing. One day, when he had recovered, his fisherman host accosted him. " You wish to go back to California, eh? " 16 THE REDWOOD Foster nodded. " To-morrow evening my brother sails thither in the ' Night Hawk ' , ' ' answered the Spaniard. " Do you know why he calls it that? " Foster shook his head. " Because, " he said, " the night hawk does its work in the darkness and is gone before the light; likewise this ship. " He winked and Foster under- stood for he himself had been a smug- gler. So he sailed and took up his quar- ters on the vessel among bale upon bale of a rather cheap Mexican tobacco. But he heeded the call of the siren of his other days, and enlisted as a partner in the illegal traffic. When they at- tempted to land in a lonely cove near Monterej they found that the authori- ties had anticipated them, and there followed a pitched battle. So for Fos- ter, though he escaped, the chase began anew. For slow-footed months he evad- ed his pursuers. Often he was awak- ened from dreams of the cabin on Pu- rissima, to find the hounds hot again on the trail of the fox. Efforts to ap- prehend him became more determined, and the circle was closing about him. Every hope deserted the fugitive save one ; and that was Johanna. By the end of the summer Foster felt himself wavering; he knew that the end of his hunted exis tence was at hand, but he knew that it was to be ended by capture. The one light that still burned for him was one that cast its beams from a heart waiting — he knew that — in a cabin on Purissima ridge. He was in the far south at San Pablo. For two weeks he tramped through the dry fields of the San Joa- quin; chanced it to the ocean, hid for a day in Purissima Mission and in the evening slunk away and began the as- cent of the mountain. The sun dragged its ragged golden cloak over the ocean and disappeared ; with the sudden coolness there sound- ed uncanny crackings in the redwood forest. Particularly terrifying were they to Foster for the hush of the even- ing stimulated his imagination, and the children of this imagination were armed captors. He sighted the grim redwood while a purple glow still clothed the sky regally, and was re- flected in the wine-colored sea. Un- noticing of weariness he reached the clearing while a semi-light showed the cabin ' s rude bulk shrined like a nat- ural growth among the bushes. There was no light in the little cab- in, but that was not strange, for when people sit by the window in thought, they always dim the lamp. The even- ing was so still that he forbore to call aloud but made his way through sus- piciously untrampled grass to the cabin. Then the light which had burned in the heart of Foster went out like a candle flame in a wind. He could hear his heart beating loudly ; and something falling distantly in the forest; as he stared vacantly at the gaping aperture that had framed a door. " Johanna! Jo " .... The last syllable trailed off into silence. His cry awakened a bat who flitted from the paneless window, while an owl hooted at his misery high above the heads of the forest. Despair with strong fingers gripped his heart, and the blood left his face. With a deliberate step he en- tered the cabin and struck a match. His eyes gleamed like two candles in a well, as he peered at the cold ashes on the hearth, the rotten floor, the fallen THE REDWOOD 17 roof .... desolation — all, all desola- tion; desolation in the cabin on Puris- sima ridge; desolation in Foster ' s soul. Like a drunken man Foster staggered through the doorway and stood bare- headed with his face to the black sky. His lips formed an oath, but he checked its utterance. After all, he reasoned, it was too much to ask that she should wait in un- certainty month upon month. He him- self would not have done it ; he knew it. Had she gone? Well, he loved his wife — Johanna — and he should have been glad that she had not waited. He had said that he was sorry she had waited that first long year; but then that was a lie. Surely she loved him — of course! But .... isn ' t love sacri- fice? The thought staggered Foster and he put his hand to his brow to find that it was wet. Sacrifice ! Why, to be sure ; she had offered the sacrifice for a whole year — more than that ; and now ... it was his turn. He loved her; certainly. He repeated it to himself over and over to make sure. Well, he could make as great a sacrifice as she had .... and he would. But then recollection came upon him — he would be captured before an- other sundown. And he had Avanted — indeed, it was his only desire — to em- brace Johanna once ; to whisper — He could not think; his brain was dizzy. Drawing a knife from his belt he plunged it into his breast, and fell, face forward, into the grass. Like the heart beat of a sympathetic mountain the monotonous dirge of the crickets beat upon the deaf ears of the pros- trate man. But his own heart was wast- ing itself in a dark pool upon the dry ground. Some hours later there was the sound of voices and of tinkling spurs among the redwoods. " Not so much noise, there, " said a voice in an undertone; " our man may be laying for us in this blasted wilderness. " There was a long silence during which the posse ap- proached the clearing. " Damnation! " said the same voice softly; " the old boss hit a snag — out o ' that brush, you poke! " The horse refused to push through the undergrowth so its rider dis- mounted. " Strike a flare, someone, " he whis- pered. " Seems like a building ahead. " One of the men lit a match and by its flickering light they were able to dis- cern the deserted cabin. As the match puffed out one of the posse caught sight of the rigid form of Foster, and he cried: " By Christopher, there ' s our man! Look out! " Another light revealed the fact that the hunted man had at last completely eluded his pursuers. " Damnable reward fer all our work, " said the sheriff. " Put him on one o ' the bosses. " ' ' Chief, ' ' said a man who had started to raise him, in an awe-struck tone; " this dead chap ' s layin ' right-a-strad- dle a grave ! ' ' Hidden in the tall grass they found a rude cross on which was carved the letter " J " . November Thoughts OW great the joy On tKat Movember Day, WKen battle ' s smoke At last was borne away; The ligKt of peace, In full effulgence gleamed. As yonder ray, At break of day. In golden glory beamed. Yet not to all This radiant ligKt brings cheer. For she who mourns A son in silent tear. Heeds not its gleam; To her there is no peace For with her loss Looms dark her cross, Ne ' er will her sorrow cease. Ye nations sage, Whate ' er you may believe A mortal hand. Her loss cannot retrieve; Ye nations grave, With all your wealth and power. The Angel grim. The Spectre dim. Will ne ' er before you cower. Ye nations all. If her you would console. Another son Take not in battle ' s toll; Your hates and fears. For her at least forget, Then not in vain, She will sustain The loss we all regret. J. MARIUS BECCHETTI 18 Numbers Donald J. Pierr. HOO-HOO-HOO— ] 00M! Captain Hill! Speech! Speech ! came from all parts of the dining room which, during the evening meal was the scene of the giant rally. On the next day was to be held the football classic of the season. The Cardinal hordes of Standish were coming down the penin- sula to meet their ancient rivals in their annual game. The wearers of the Red and White of Saint Claire had not been conceded a chance at the begin- ing of the season, but they had proved their mettle and now they were out to stop the mad rush of the Cardinal co- horts toward the title. It was truly to be the game of the century as the head- lines had told. The captain reluctantly arose. A deafening applause, which lasted for several minutes, ensued. " Fellows, I ' m not much at this speech making stuff and all I can say is that if you have the same pep out there in the stands tomorrow that you have here tonight, we can ' t help but win. " Again the old adobe building shook with a roar which lasted until the team had filed out. All then retired to the chapel for benediction and evening prayers. It was a crisp evening in late fall. The stars gleamed mistily through a slight haze and there was a tinge of smoke in the air. The college chapel loomed up like some great shadow and the stained windows shone like gems in their somber setting. A murmur of rising and falling voices floated from its doors and out into the night. All the riotous enthusiasm of a few mo- ments before was now transformed into ardent fervor and devotion. The chapel was brilliantly lighted. Myriads of candles flickered in the sanctuary. The organ was softly playing. Near the side altar were hung numbered cards signifying the hymns to be sung. Bill Stevens, the stocky little quarter-back, Avith flaming hair, took his hymn book and glanced at the cards. Immediately a smile played about his ilps. What a coincidence, he thought, that the same signal he had been calling that after- noon in secret practice should be there staring him in the face. Almost imme- diately the distraction was put aside and his voice was raised in the stirring strains of the " O Salutaris " . Soon benediction was over and the students filed out. Here and there, how- ever, scattered throughout the chapel a few kneeling figures remained. It was now dark save for the flickering glow of the sanctuary lamp, and all was silent. In the dim light one could discern that most of the kneelers were men. who Avere to play in tomorrow ' s game. It truly was inspiring to see those men, heroes of the gridiron, all praying there like children. One by one they left and soon there remained but a lone 19 20 THE REDWOOD figure kneeling in devout prayer. Bill looked up as he prepared to leave and at the same time the beam of the gent- ly swaying sanctuary lamp for an in- stant played on the numbered cards and they again caught his eye. " 28- 29-50, " he Isoftly repeated. " That must be a good omen " , he thought as he turned and left the chapel. Outside the sky was livid. In front of the building on the campus a huge bonfire was burning and the students, imbued with all the spirit that the thoughts of the morrow could conjure up, were massed about it. Bill walked toward the crowd. Soon he was recog- nized and a great cheer arose. He did not remain long, however, as the team had been ordered to retire early and soon he was climbing the old stone steps of Senior Hall. Saturday dawned chill and clear and gave promise of being an ideal football day. The sun arose in a burst of splendor and gave a welcome warmth to the morning air. The little town of Saint Claire had put on her gala attire for the game. The first sun- beams creeping in over the roofs re- vealed the buildings draped in bunting, while flags and pennants floated lazi- ly in the light breeze. Everywhere was to be seen the Red and White mingled with patches of Cardinal. Already the town was awake. Here and there stood little groups of fans, who had come the night before, talking and arguing over the merits of their respective teams. The eastern sky was still a mass of silver and the dew was sparkling in the fields when the vanguard of fans ar- rived in town, and a fleet of autos overloaded with Cardinal rooters first traced the frosty pavements. This proved to be the beginning of streams that continued to pour in, and by ten o ' clock the streets were congested and the sidewalks had become surging, shouting masses of humanity. At the university all was excitement. The campus was crowded with students and alumni. Everywhere could be seen the men who had helped to make Saint Claire ' s athletic history a glori- ous pageant. They came from far and near to see their Alma Mater play and now they were heroes once more. The sight of the old buildings, the old field and the old haunts, had put new life into their veins and they told of the things Saint Claire had done in the past. The team had eaten breakfast and was now resting as the coach had ordered. In front of the building near the ashes of the bonfire more wood was being piled up in anticipation of a big victory rally after the game. Down at the field the groundkeeper was giv- ing a few last touches to the gridiron. Noon came and the students went to dinner. After partaking of a light lunch the players went to the dressing- room, where the coach gave them a final talk. He then took Bill Stevens aside and spoke: " If you are close to the Cardinal goal and unable to gain, let Fat drop the ball over. You are practically sure of three points every time he kicks and I don ' t think we will need any more than that to win. So play it safe, " he cautioned, as he gave the little quarter a pat on the shoulder and walked away. " Well, Fat, you win, " called Bill. " I win? " questioned the rotund one. " Yes, you win the thirteen inning football game, " yelled Bill, and he dodged just in time to have a headgear whiz by him and hit the wall with a smack. THE REDWOOD 21 " Wait a minute, you old tub, 1 mean it, " he cried, and he explained by tell- ing what the coach had said. " Alright, " said Fat, " I ' ll do it. " He was a fellow who had always had a note of confidence in his voice and he seemed to impart t hat spirit to the team. Even now as he said the words, all those who heard him, in their minds could see the ball go sailing over the goal-post for three points. It seemed to them that it was already done and that the victory was a realization. Such was the morale of the men as they donned their moleskins for the game. At one o ' clock the gates of the field were opened and the crowd began to pour in. On and on they came in an ever increasing stream. Soon the stands, which had been erected at both ends of the field were filled and the gates were closed as the other stands had been reserved for the rival student bodies. The sound of music was heard in the distance. The sound grew loud- er and louder until suddenly the main gate opened and with a crash of cym- bals the Saint Claire band followed by the rooters and the entire student body marched in. A great roar filled the air as the crowd caught sight of them. They filed into their stands and the rooter king dressed in a half red and half white suit jumped out in front and called for a yell. As it was given he jumped back and forth in cadence and ended with a hand spring. The crowd cheered its approval and anoth- er was given. The band then played the Saint Claire Anthem. It was not five minutes before an- other roar was heard as the Standish rooters marched in behind their band and took their stands across the field. The Saint Clairites greeted them with a cheer which they immediately re- turned. After that a battle of yells took place, each side trying to out-lung the other. The whole formed a picture to be remembered; the fresh green field, the gleaming lines, the goal-posts decorated in the hues of the two col- leges, the grandstands, masses of shim- mering color and the cloudless Autumn sky. It all formed a perfect setting for a royal event such as it was destined to be. An aeroplane flying high above the field, looping the loop and doing other stunts, fluttered down as an au- tumn leaf. The crowd gasped and then laughed to conceal its emotion as the bird gracefully straightened out. Grad- ually it came lower and lower and the crowd let out a howl of applause as it discovered that the plane was decorat- ed in the red and white of Saint Claire. Suddenly the stands throbbed with cheers as eleven Cardinal sweatered warriors came from their quarters and trotted down the field in formation, while scores of substitutes went to their places on the side-lines. A team of giants it was; well fitted for the smashing tactics that were traditional of Standish teams. The roar of voices was just beginning to die down when it began with renewed vigor as the Saint Claire team, led by Captain Hill, dashed upon the gridiron. The ovation ceased as both teams gathered around their respective coaches. The Saint Claire team, although composed of good-sized men, was dwarfed beside its rival and the knowing ones looked at each other and smiled. Jack Miller took the ball and tried a few punts and soon was followed by his cardinal rival. Both booted the ball to perfec- tion, most of the kicks being around the fifty-yard mark. The referee called 22 THE REDWOOD the captains aside. Hill won the toss and chose to defend the north goal. The teams lined-up and tense silence fell over the crowd. Miller kicked off and the ball sailed over the Cardinal line. It was brought out to the twenty yard line and put in play. Standish immediately punted. A perfect punt it was, sailing high for a full sixty yards before it dropped into the arms of the quarter-back who was downed in his tracks. The Saint Claire team lined up in its famous formation. " Signals, 19-24,36, shift, " the team jumped into another position like a flash, " 32-56, Hip, " like a great ma- chine, every part co-ordinating, the team shifted again and a fraction of a second later the ball was snapped. It was a concealed ball cross-buck and the double shift had so confused the Cardi- nal line, that as they rushed to the left to tackle the Saint Claire right-half. Hap Reddy, the left-half, darted off right tackle for ten yards. The Saint Claire rooters went wild, but their joy was short-lived, however, for, on the next play a forward pass was intercept- ed by a Standish back. It was a beau- tiful catch and he had dashed to the ten-yard line before he was stopped with a flying tackle. It was the Cardinal rooters turn now and they made the best of it. " Touch- down! Touchdown! " they cried in frenzy. Their full-back went through center for two yards. " Hold! Hold! " the Saint Claire rooters implored, seem- ing to put their very souls into the words. An end run was tried but result- ed in a two yard loss. The teams lined up again, the Cardinal quarter and full going back as if for a place kick. The quarter received the ball and dashed over to the right for about three yards, where he suddenly stopped and threw the ball. The Cardinal end stood free, off to the side and behind the goal line. The ball was flying straight toward his waiting arms, it was a sure touchdown. Suddenly a figure seem- ing to come from nowhere leaped into the air. He caught the ball with his finger tips and pulled it into his chest. The teams stood aghast. What a catch it was! The left side of the field was clear, a hundred yard dash for a touch- down ! The figure hit the ground, took a step forward and fell in a heap. He tried to squirm forward but it was too late. The Standish end was on him; it was a safety and two points for the Cardinals. The crowd was deathly still. Everything had happened so quickly that it was bewildered. After an in- stant the rooters found themselves and the Cardinal stands exploded. Two of the Saint Claire team were carrying the writhing figure off the field. It was Jack Miller. The old break in his left ankle couldn ' t stand the strain of the fall and it had given away at that crucial moment. The crowd cheered for him as he was carried out, a hero robbed of his victory. The Saint Claire crowd was sick; who would take up the punt- ing? There was no one who could com- pare with him. A substitute was sent in and the ball was brought out to the thirty yard line and put into play. Reddy went off right tackle for four yards, Hank Grady, the sub, hit center for two. The Red and White were fight- ing like demons. A buck off left tackle netted two and a half; Bill then made it first down through center. On the next play Reddy was downed for a three yard loss. A pass was tried and THE REDWOOD 23 failed; Johnson skirted left for eight yards. It was the fourth and five. Fat dropped back and kicked; the punt was short and the pigskin rolled to- wards the quarter-back. Just as he was about to snare it, the ball gave an un- lucky bound and went over his head. He fell on it on his own ten yard line and was immediately downed. The ball see-sawed back and forth and at the end of the third quarter the two points looked good enough to in- sure a Cardinal victory. It was at the beginning of the final period, however, that the Red and White seemed to ab- sorb new life and starting on their own twenty yard line they brought the ball back forty yards in eight downs. Here they fumbled. Standish tried three plays and punted. Again the wearers of the Red and White started another march down the field. On and on they came, ripping the Cardinal line and skirting the ends. They were now on the twenty yard line ; twenty thousand pieces of humanity leaned forward. The first play resulted in a two yard loss. Reddy hit the line for three; a pass failed. After a consultation the teams lined up and Fat dropped behind the line. A tense silence reigned. Even the elements seemed to respect the sol- emnity of the occasion and not a breath of wind stirred in the approaching dusk. The ball was snapped and was just starting on its flight towards the goal when a gust broke the spell. The ball veered sharply to the left, hit the goal-post and fell inside the field. Fat dropped to the ground, lay there for a moment and then, with tears in his eyes, walked to the line where the ball was put into play. Not a word was said. Standish punted. Bill Stev- ens caught the ball and was hit by the Cardinal left end who came like a thunderbolt. The quarter lay still on the ground the ball yet in his arms. Suddenly the air reverberated with the stirring strains of " Hail St. Claire " . Bill stirred, rose and walked to his po- sition as a man in a daze. There were only three minutes to play. " Sig-nals, 28—29— " " Signals! " cried the center. " 28—29—50— " repeated the quar- ter-back in a far-away voice. Most of the line looked up as if bewildered and suddenly without warning the ball was snapped directly to the right-half; he turned and jumped back about three yards and shot the ball; it was a short bullet-like pass to Hap Reddy. The stands were on their feet as the ellip- soid bounded against his chest and fell to the ground. The apparent dis- appointment was manifest. Ten thou- sand Saint Claire rooters sank to their seats dismayed, for it seemed to be an utterly inexcusable muff. Probably not one stopped to think that Hap would have been tackled within a few feet and probably not one realized that the ball as it lay at his feet was a full yard behind the line of scrimmage and that the referee had not blown his whistle. The members of the teams started walking toward their former position. Suddenly a dark form wear- ing a Saint Claire jersey swooped down, snatched up the ball and dashed toward the Standish goal. Too late the Cardinals realized the situation and followed in mad pursuit, but to no avail. Hap Reddy was the fastest man on the gridiron. The touchdown was made and the goal kicked before the stands realized 24 THE REDWOOD how it all happened. Then all Saint grimy warriors of the Red and White Claire rose up with a voice that pierced made their way from the field of vic- the heavens, as eleven bruised and tory. Wind Tryst ' Tween little hills a twiligKt flows, A wind in silver dusk hour blows . . And viols to a star. Soft thrill Dusk-drowned petals of a rose, A fingered chord intoning still . . . The faithless wind dies on the hill; And rose-swept dreams forever sigh Where dead winds lie. JOHN T. LEWIS PUBLISHED BY THE STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF SANTA CLARA EDITORIAL STAFF EDITOR-IN-CHIEF CHRONICLE LAW ENGINEERING ALUMNI ALUMNI CORRESPONDENTS EXCHANGES ATHLETICS BUSINESS MANAGER ASSISTANTS CIRCULATION - - _ BUSINESS STAFF MARTIN M. MURPHY, ' 22 GEORGE L. HANEBERG, ' 23 JOHN A. LOGAN, ' 22 GUNLEK O. ABRAHAMSEN, ' 24 EDWIN E. DRISCOLL, ' 24 I J. THOMAS CROWE, ' 22 Dr. A. T. LEONARD, JR. ' 10 1 MARTIN V. MERLE, ' 06 GEORGE D. PANCERA, ' 22 J. WILLIS MOLLEN, ' 23 J. PAUL REDDY, ' 22 [THOS. J. BANNAN, ' 23 FRANCIS E. SMITH, ' 24 I JOHN M. BURNETT, ' 25 ( FRANK A. RETHERS, ' 22 I ROBERT E. SHIELDS, ' 24 Address all communications to THE REDWOOD. University of Santa Clara. Santa Clara, California. Terms of suliscription, Si. 00 a year: single copies 25 cents EDITORIAL Father Murphy On our return from summer vacation wo found that owing- to ill health, Father Murphy had been re- lieved from the presidency of the Uni- versity and that Fr. Zacheus J. Maher had been designated his successor. Great credit is due the retired Presi- dent, Fr. Murphy, for his work at Santa Clara. Though laboring under difficul- ties with which but few were acquaint- ed, Fr. Murphy accomplished much for the community and for the University. The fact that many of his plans for the upbuilding of Santa Clara were frustrated by the economic conditions which existed during his tenure of of- fice should not detract from the honor which his untiring efforts merit. The Student Body, in one of the first sessions of the year, tendered Fr. Mur- phy a rising vote of thanks as an ac- knowledgment of the esteem in which he is held here. No greater apprecia- tion could be manifested. Fr. Maher the Fr. Maher needs no in- troduction to the Student Body or to community. Two years ago, 25 26 THE REDWOOD oji the occasion of the retreat which he conducted in the Students Chapel, the undergraduates then pres- ent became very intimately acquainted with Fr. Maher, and already his bril- liant oratory has won him a position of prominence in San Francisco and neighboring cities. His work in the southern part of the state marks him as an executive of more than ordinary ability and an enthu- siastic organizer. As a manifestation of the wonderful spirit he brings to his task and as an expression of his faith in Santa Clara, the Santa Clara Creed — of which he is the author — is signi- ficant. The creed expresses a belief in Santa Clara, in Santa Clara ' s past, present and future — in the men who taught and the men who were taught here, — in Santa Clara ' s theory of education, — in the faculty and Student Body of Santa Clara, — in its plans for the fu- ture, — in its assurance of accomplish- ment — in its determination to rank in equipment with the best colleges in America. With an organized Alumni actively subscribing to this creed and the conditions to which the war gave rise fast disappearing, we cannot help but feel that now Santa Clara will forge ahead with unprecedented strides. To many Thanksgiving Thanksgiving means nothing more than a buxom turkey with gravy and the " fixings " . This, of course, is a thing to be grateful for, but why stop at the purely material element of the Feast? First of all the gigantic war machine which we had built up at the expense of our national equanimity is almost back to a peace basis and the human units which composed it have gradu- ally merged into the great industrial army which is America ' s real strength. All the dire effects which the wise- acres told us the army life would pro- duce upon these former soldiers have not been borne out by their conduct. They have " snapped into " the drab life of every day toil just as they " snapped into " a soldier ' s uniform when they were called. We can thank God for that. Another feature of the " back to normalcy " movement which gladdens the heart of every family is the low- ering of the cost of living. Just as the Puritans gave thanks for their victories over their enemies, the Indians, so may we give thanks for the defeat of the equally pernicious food pirates and profiteers. With the drop of prices business is once more getting on a stable basis and that element of uncertainty which marked the earlier stages of the recon- struction period is fortunately disap- pearing. It should be a source of satis- faction to the hard headed business men of the country that the upstarts, and gamblers and inefficients who flourished under the artificial stimula- tion of the war period will be forced to the wall by their lack of real busi- ness ability. Then, too, affairs outside of our own country are improving. In Ireland, for instance, the situation is brighter for a settlement there than it has been for a long time. Every indication points to an early righting of a century old wrong. Again, the Peace Congress assembled in Washington, D. C, is an indication of better things. Momentous questions THE REDWOOD 27 will be discussed there and if all it accomplishes is a better understanding by each nation of the other it will have effected a great deal. For these and all the other blessings which peace has brought with it a prayer of thanks will arise from the great heart of America on Thanksgiv- ing day — for after all is said and done the Almighty Dollar is not the only God of the American. Jubilee Yeaj-. Two jubilees of note have occurred during the year — one of Dante, the other of St. John Berehman. Six hundred years ago Dante ceased to sing the songs that will never die; three hundred years later the youthful Jesuit phil- osopher and saint was called to his reward. It is eminently fitting that their memory and achievements be hon- ored on such occasions as this by fit- ting celebrations. Both of them, by their labors, made the world a better place to live in — it is only just that we externalize our acknowledgment of that fact. But to come nearer home, next year —1922— is Jubilee Year for Santa Clara. The first mission was founded here one hundred years ago. That Santa Clara has done much in those intervening years is evident to all who know her. She is justly proud of the fact. Plans are now under way to celebrate her centenary in a manner proportionate to her achievements and to her present position in the educa- tional world. The first week in May has been set aside for the celebration. It has been decided to stage the biggest event that has ever been attempted here since the foundation of the mission. There will be a gigantic reproduction of Martin V. Merle ' s Mission Play ; a rodeo and barbecue which will rival in spirit and color the celebrations of the early mis- sion days, and a religious ceremony on the same spot where the Franciscan Fathers first celebrated the great sac- rifice of the mass for the simple chil- dren of the plains. The Santa Clara Jubilee will un- doubtedly be the biggest event in her existence. One hundred years of noble self-sacrificing labor on the part of those who have made this the institu- tion that it is, would make anything less than the best seem unworthy and inappropriate. The second week in No- Circulation vember has been set aside by the newspapers of tlie coiuitry to boost the cir- culation of " the home town pa- per. " The news should bring gladness to the hearts of the down- trodden editor — whether he be the exe- cutive and business staff of the Squash Hollow Weekly Trial or the czar of a metropolitan daily. The Cowville Barley Beard will now have the opportunity to expatiate at length on the value of keeping abreast of the times by a five years subscrip- tion to the only paper capable of the task, while its big brother in the city will devise sundry ways and means of extracting the price of a six months subscription from hard pressed clerks and reluctant business men. Circulation holds the same place in the life of a newspaper or magazine as circulation does in the body. It is vital. A bigger circulation means a better advertising medium, more people are 28 THE REDWOOD reached and consequeutly its sphere of influence is increased. Without good circulation a paper, like a person, will gradually wither away, weaken and finally give up the ghost. Now Santa Clara University is or ought to be the intellectual home town of every one that ever went here, and The Redwood is his home town paper. A circular letter inviting subscriptions has been sent out to all the alumni. The returns already received are en- couraging. We appeal to the Student Body to equal the " old boys " in loy- alty. Just as the faculty is striving to make this one of the biggest years for Santa Clara so are we in our humbler way trying to make it the biggest year for The Redwood. To accomplish this v e need a larger circulation. Every undergraduate can ' t write but their isn ' t a one that can ' t boost. We in- vite literary material for The Redwood but what we want more than anything else is people to read it. College Return Monday, August 22iid, played its own particu- lar role in the annals of scholastic endeavors for our institu- tion. It ushered into being the seventy- first scholastic year of our Alma Mater ' s existence, the inception of which gave very favorable indications for a record attendance. It was a day of joy and mirth, a day of hustle and bustle and a day of re- union and new acquai ntances. Joy for those who were already primed for the books, some bit of commotion and stir for our newcomers, and the hand of ;rood fellowship among the fellows in general. It is a pleasure to see many of the old familiar faces, but it is like- wise a greater delight to see so many new faces amongst the old ones, for a newly initiated student means another booster for our college. p. Upon our return we TP It were greeted by a new faculty regime. Father Zacheus Maher, S. J., succeeded to the office of Rectorship left vacant by Father Timo- thy L. Murphy, S. J., who had been re- lieved on account of ill health. Fathei ' Murphy is now stationed at Seattle, Washington. We, who were here two years ago, still remember the fine re- treat Father Maher gave us. Father President, therefore, is no stranger in our midst. Father Crowley, S. J., is our new vice president and director of discipline, having succeeded Father Joseph A. Sullivan, S. J., who is now occupied with parish work at Tacoma, Washington. During his term of of- fice as vice president and director of discipline. Father Sullivan did much for the University. He saw to it that there was discipline and order, and that punisliment was properly meted out to all transgressors. Father Crowley is not a newcomer here, having been at Santa Clara for three years as a schol- astic prior to his leaving for Theology. P ' ather Woods, S. J., is the new profes- sor of Ethics, while Father Hayes, S. J., who held sway over the ethicians for a number of years has been trans- ferred to Loyola College, Los Angeles. Father Deeney, S. J., former prefect of studies at Loyola College, Los Angeles, has been assigned the Freshman Letter class and is also spiritual advisor of the Student Body. Karl Marx, Engels and others of that ilk who have made much ado over their materialistic conception of history and surplus value may also 1)6 aware of the fact that Father Dee- ney doles out to the Seniors and Juni- ors pungent refutations against the re- alization of Socialism. Mr. Daniel Bas- sett, S. J., Mr. John F. Cosgrave, S. J., and Mr. Ivan M. Fabris, S. J., are now studying Theology at Innsbruck, Aus- tria; Ona, Spain, and St. Louis, Mo., re- spectively. Others who have joined the faculty are Mr. Aloysius Austin, S. J. ; Mr. James F. Donovan, S. J. ; Mr. J. E. Sullivan, S. J.; and Mr. H. E. Ring, S.J. n i. m ii. Oi the evening of Get Together Tuesday, August 30th. ' y the student body held an enthusiastic pep rally affair in the University Auditorium. The entertain- ment was made possible by Father Fox and Mr. Hugh Donovan, who saw to it that the dreams of home and the spirit of lonesomeness did not lurk in the bosoms of the newcomers, but it was made evident to all — Preps and Col- legians alike — that Santa Clara is but a big family in herself. " Pop " Rethers, chairman of the evening, annoiinced the first number on the program as the 29 30 THE REDWOOD " Overture " by the University orches- tra under direction of Professor Sam- uel J. Mustol. After an able rendition of this musical selection, Thomas Crowe, president of the student body, gave a few introductory remarks. This was followed by a Hebrew dialogue, featuring Angelo Rianda and Arthur Saxe. Both performed creditably. Messrs. McSweeney, Pierr, Shelloe, Hal- ler and Anderson comprised a saxa- phone quintette, and their selections were made to order. Encores were at a premium. Charles R. Boden, assisted by James Glynn and Frank Giambas- tiani, interpreted " Rosa " for the ben- efit of the newcomers. Notwithstand- ing the fact that Boden has given " Rosa " a number of times, each time he seems to hold the audience spell- bound. Next on the bill came the banjo sex- tette personated as the sons of Ethi- opia. They were Messrs. Crowe, Mc- Cauley, Reddy, Bonnetti, Lynch and Hodgkinson. This was immediately followed by the song " Santa Clara, " led by " Fat " Ferrario, in which the entire Student Body joined. Next in order were the boxing bouts. They were many who showed them- selves real artists in the realm of fis- tiana, and from the first gong until the windup of the last round, hurried exchanges of jabs and uppercuts be- tween the contestants were many and often. O ' Brien, who hails from Bak- ersfield. was acclaimed the victor over Donnelly. Joseph Egan of Alameda showed himself not only an accom- plished quarterback on a football squad, but his quick foot work and fatal blows proved too much for Em- met Callan of San Francisco. Francis Martin of Santa Clara, by a vote of the three judges, was given the deci- sion over Ryan, amid the wild protes- tations of the angry mob. The judges were booed and hooted for this deci- sion, but at any rate, the audience was considerate, so the judges were for- given. The real thriller of the evening was the Fawke-Fosdyke bout, the former hailing from San Francisco and the lat- ter from Los Angeles. " Moose " Fawke displayed the real calibre of a boxer and won a well-earned victory over the Angeleno. Donovan, O ' Shea, McCann, Casey and Hugo Giambastiani participated in a free-for-all combat. Refere e Noll of Irvington fame, adjudged the melee a tie, and the young quintette departed from the arena happy with the thought that the referee had rendered an un- erring decision. All credit to the young combatants! Preparations are now Mission Play well under way for the presentation of the " Mission Play " in May of the coming year which will celebrate the centen- ary of the founding of the Mission of Santa Clara. Martin V. Merle, author of the play and a Santa Clara alumnus, is personally in charge of the produc- tion, and it is his desire to make this play the feature of the festive doings to be had here in Santa Clara during May. It was produced with tremend- ous success in 1913. The 1922 " Mis- sion Play " has been re-edited by its author, and the copyright has been registered in Washington, D. C, in the name of the Student Body of the Uni- versity of Santa Clara. The recorda- tion contains the special proviso that the play is to be produced by the Stu- dent Body and that each and every character in the cast shall be chosen from bona-fide students of the univer- sity, and in case that there are not available sufficient number of students to fill all the parts, any characters necessary for such an emergency shall be recruited from the alumni of the institution. The celebration will cover a full week, the production of the " Mission Play " to take place on the evenings of May 2nd, 3rd, 5th, and the 7th. Joe Aurrocechea, another prominent alum- nus of Santa Clara, will be in charge of the afternoon festivities. He is di- recting his efforts towards the staging of a mammoth rodeo, the like of which THE REDWOOD 31 has never been witnessed in California. Aurrocechea is able to speak authori- tatively on this subject, for he is fa- miliar with the leading cow punchers of the country, and he has already lined up the best talent for this coming- event. The rodeo is to be held on the ath- letic field, the " Mission Play " in the College Auditorium, and to guard against any lapse of interest, the Sa- linas Coyote Club, comprising promi- nent alumni, will hold a gigantic bar- becue within the inner campus. The program will continue for three days. A conservative estimate gives in- formation that over thirty thou- sand persons will attend the various functions throughout the week. These functions will certainly stir up state- wide interest, and be a great source of incentive for the restoration of the old missions. tainly assure Father President of our willingness to co-operate with him in everything he may see fit to promote for the welfare and prosperity of greater Santa Clara. Father On the afternoon of President ' s August 26th, Father Address President addressed the Student Body in the University Audi- torium. He was given a rousing wel- come and cheer by the students, and never in the history of Santa Clara was the demonstration of applause so mani- fest as that tendered to our new Rec- tor. He laid out the pro ?ram for the scholastic year, giving due emphasis to the fact that hard work would be expected of each and every one in their respective studies, and if there were any who did not care to apply them- selves, Santa Clara then was no fit place for them. Tn part. Father President said : " Co-operation is the complement of success for any institution, and my knowledge of past Santa Clara stu- dent bodies gives me the substantial assurance that you will co-operate with me in working for the wonderful suc- cess in store for Alma Mater this com- ing year. " At the conclusion of his speech, the entire student body show- ed, by their prolonged acclamation, that his words did not go amiss. On behalf of the student body, we can cer- Student Body V " ! l ' l Tf} " " ' 1 ' . TUT. .• „ Associated Students of xvieetings university for the past collegiate year was held on Sat- urday, May 14th, for the purpose of electing student body officers for the scholastic year 1921-1922. As the re- sult of this election Thomas V. Crowe of Tulare was elected President; George Haneberg of Honolulu, Secre- tary; Thomas Bannan of San Fran- cisco, Treasurer; and Porter Kerck- hoff of Covina, Sergeant-at-Arms. On Monday, September 12th Presi- dent Crowe called a special meeting of the student body, for the purpose of infusing pep and enthusiasm into the students. In his introductory remarks he stated that since there was to be a revival of athletics, every man should make it his duty to turn out for the varsity football squad. Coach Buckingham, our new football mentor, said a few words regarding the possibility of scheduling collegiate games and the urgent need of every member of the student body turning out for practice, if this were possible. Captain Noll reiterated the statements issued by President Crowe and Coach Buckingham, and gave due em- phasis to the all important issue of hav- ing as many as possible turn out for football. " Those who are unable to participate physically in athletics, " commented Captain Noll, " could at least stir interest among the fellows and show the proper spirit and pep, which is so characteristic of all Santa Clarans, and in this way, all may con- tribute their share towards the build- ing up of a football team. " No further business of importance came up before this meeting. On Friday, September 30th, in pur- suance of the provisions of the consti- tution, the first regular meeting of the student body was called to order by 32 THE REDWOOD President Crowe. Following the read- ing of the minutes of the special meet- ing, a report of the financial condi- tion of the Associated Students was submitted by Treasurer T. Bannan, and accepted on a motion duly made and seconded. President Crowe laid before the as- sembly the proposition of turning out a university bi-weekly paper. There was much talk concerning this issue, and he thought it was now the proper time to voice their opinion. Charles Boden occupied the floor and said that it was very easy to start this publication, but realized the difficulty of having the paper continue for any length of time. If such a paper were to be published, the continued support of the student body would be essential. Mr. " Pop " Rethers said that finan- cial matters were also to be considered and suggested the idea of having some one make a canvass of the student body and ascertain the number of sub- scriptions to be had. After some dis- cussion, this was put in the form of a motion, and the Chair was authorized to appoint a committee for this pur- pose. Next in order was the awarding of blocks. There were some doubts ex- pressed as to the propriety of awarding blocks this year in football since all collegiate games in this sport were can- celled last year. Whereupon Presi- dent Crowe read Article 8, Section 3, of the Constitution, relative to the awarding of S. C. emblems in football, which is as follows: " A player to be deemed eligible to be awarded a block S. C. shall have participated in the whole or fractions thereof of three- fifths of the total number of quarters of all the games other than practice games which have been played during the season, (a) The Coach shall de- cide each year which games shall con- stitute practice games. (b) Cases where the requisite number of quarters is a fractional one shall be governed as follows : When the fraction is a half or greater an additional quarter shall be added, when the fraction is less than one-half, it shall be dropped. ' Charles Boden said that he saw no reason why blocks should not be award- ed this year. The fellows on the squad worked just as hard as any other year and he saw no difference why they should not be awarded the much cov- eted emblems, if the players fulfilled the provisions of the constitution. On a motion duly made and seconded, the student body unamnimously passed a motion making the football clause operative for this season. Mr. AVillis Mollen was appointed by President Crowe as a committee of one to attend to the recording of the num- ber of quarters participated in by each player in order to facilitate matters and ascertain definitely those who would come within the purview of Article 8, Section 3, of the constitu- tion. This disposed of a very impoi ' tant item, and on motion by Mr. McCauley, seconded by Mr. Ferrario, the meeting adjourned. -_ „ . , Following a well estab- raass 01 tne - j custom in vogue Holy Ghost . g (.j . foundation of the institution, the stu- dent body en masse, on the morning of September first, attended the mass of the Holy Ghost in St. Claire ' s Parish Church. Father President officiated at the Mass, while the Reverend Father Buckley, Dean of the Faculties, gave an eloquent sermon to the assembled students. He reminded them that on this auspicious occasion Santa Clara welcomed into her own every mother ' s son, and as Santa Clara extends her loving hands to every one and wish them success, she may, at times, be forced to point the parting ways to a few who maj not be dutiful to their Alma Mater. Freshman Letters From the Freshman Letters Class comes word of the election of officers for the scholastic year. The staff of officers is J. I. Carney of Den- ver, Colorado, President: J. Somavia, THE REDWOOD 33 of San Jose, Secretary; M. Del Mutolo of Swanton, California, Treasurer; H. Martin of San Jose, Sergeant-at-Arms ; and James Burke Curley of Berkeley, Football Captain. Downtown Club On Thursday, October 13th, at a luncheon given by the Down Town Club of San Francisco at the Hotel St. Francis, Father President de- livered a masterful oration on the topic of " Education and Citizenship. ' ' He was the main speaker of the day. During the course of his speech, he was interrupted several times with rousing cheers by those in the assembly. His speech has given food for thought to many an editorial throughout the state, and as we go to press we deem it proper to produce herewith excerpts from his speech. " It is the will, not the mind, which must primarily be developed, " he said. " Knowledge is not moral power, for morality is a thing of the will, and the keeping of the law is a function of the will and not of the understanding. " Citing the prohibition amendment as an illustration of the case in point, he affirmed that this nation can never be legislated " dry, " because the law pro- ceeds on assumption that the only way to abolish an evil is to abolish the cause. " By the same token, " he said, " we ought to forbid all fires because houses are burned, to legislate against the ex- istence of automobiles because some people are killed every Sunday, or to order the ocean pumped out because it swallows up some ships. " Prohibition is a denial of the vir- tue of temperance, which means mod- erate use. We naturally chafe under restraint — are unwilling to be curbed. Yet, in spite of all this, I claim that since prohibition is the law, even though it be an unfortunate law, it should be observed while it is the law, because it is the law. " What we need is not more laws, but more men and women to keep the law, also legislators who understand human nature in the framing of laws. " Respect for authority once grasped, you have gone far in the formation of a good citizen. To it there must be added moral principles more precise and def- initive. A real educator will inculcate those lofty principles of conduct which make a citizen do more than his mere duty by his city or state. Such men as you of the Down Town Association do not ask, as soon as a proposition mak- ing for civic betterment is suggested to you, ' What is there in it for me? ' but rather, ' What is there in it for the com- munity? ' Such men are happy only when they serve that others may be happy, and as a reward they seek only further and greater service. " There must be a method of form- ing such characters — a motive which will induce a man to do for his neigh- bors that which will better them, even at cost to himself. It is not money, or pleasure, but love — the desire to give and give and give until the one you love has all you have and more. That is loyalty, devotion, esprit de corps. " Father President closed his talk with an eloquent appeal for a united citizen- ship and religious tolerance under the American flag. He said that there was nothing so dangerous to national life as the attempt to drive in the wedge of religious differences. The three colors of the flag symbolized, he de- clared, the different colors of opinion that enter into national life and might be taken to mean the Catholic, Protestant and Jew. All that was needed in good citizenship was for a man to be true to himself and his Maker. _ . Fitting in with many Sanctuary - Society |3Q g University, the Saint John Berchmans Sanctuary Society has undergone a complete re- organization and into it, likewise, some of the old-time spirit has been instilled. This term Mr. Austin, S. J., was given full charge and he determined to set the society on a firm basis. The old crowd was brought together and as the 34 THE REDWOOD first step of improvement, the Junior and Senior Divisions were united into one solid unit. Later the Constitution, resurrected and polished up for the occasion, vpas consulted, with the view of strictly ad- hering to it in the future. Its clauses were discussed and, according to the articles, the election of officers was first on the programme. John Cough- Ian, of the Old Faithful, was given the office of Prefect by a large majority, and Gunlek Abrahamsen received the vote for Secretary. Henry Edwin Baker was unanimously elected to the position of Censor. William Lange secured the pleasing position of Treas- urer. S. Karam and J. Oliva were ap- pointed Vestry Prefects. Following the election quite a num- ber of names of applicants for admis- sion were considered and at the follow- ing meeting they were admitted into probational membership. Mr. Austin instructed them on their duties and de- fined the obligation of all the members so that unison and good-will might tend to promote the interest of the So- ciety and gain for the members the spiritual reward for their service at the altar. _ . Initial steps towards Junior Yie organization of the Soaality Junior Sodality com- menced immediately after the opening of schoo l. At the first regular meeting Mr. Joseph F. Howard, S. J., outlined the aims and purposes of the Sodality, and with these few remarks, election of officers for the current semester was in order. Thomas W. Temple of Alhambra, who is the proud possessor of the Ju- nior Nobili Medal awarded him last year, was elected Prefect. Joseph Egan of Alameda was elected to the of- fice of First Assistant Prefect and Jo- seph Sheehan of San Francisco, Sec- ond Assistant. Leo Nock, the gent who hails from Cambria, was elected Secre- tary, while Carlton Young, a San Fran- ciscan, was made custodian of all moneys had and received. George C. Malley of Carson, Nevada, polled the highest number of votes for the duties of Censor. Charles J. Read of Phoenix, Arizona, and John J. Flynn of Palo Alto, were appointed Vestry Prefects, while the appointments of Frank Giam- bastiani from the City of the Angels, Jack Haley of Sacramento, and Albert Halloran of San Francisco, as Con- suitors, rounded up the complement of officers for the Junior Sodality. On the evening of October 9th, twen- ty-five candidates were admitted to the organization and pledged themselves as true members of the Sodality. The sim- ple ceremony of reception was tendered them during the regular Sunday even- ing services. Senate There was a mad scram- ble among the fellows to become Senators when word drifted about the campus that the Philalethic Senate, the upper branch of the literary congress, was to have for Moderator, Mr. Edward Ship- sey, S. J., the self same personage who gave the House of Philhistorians last year unprecedented success in all de- bates. Sudden enthusiasm was mani- fested and many attempted to join but few were chosen. Ten were admitted to become senators bringing the enroll- ment to twenty, the maximum quota allowed in the Senate. All the members are anxious to re- store the standard of the Senate as of old. Three successive years it has been beaten in the Ryland Debate. Three years it has tasted the sting of defeat. Three times the Senate has been forced to bow in submission to the victorious Philhistorians. But now there is joy in the heart of every sena- tor; there is hope to retrieve all lost laurels. And there is every indication that the Senate will do something be- sides hope. At the first regular meeting the members proceeded with the first busi- ness on hand, the election of officers for the coming year. After some ballot- ing the following senators were elect- ed : Senator Thomas Crowe of Tulare, THE REDWOOD 35 President ; Senator Martin M. Murphy, the honorable gentleman from Milpitas, Secretary ; Senator John A. Logan of Seattle, Wash., Treasurer; and Senator P. T. Kerckhoff of Covina, Sergeant- at-Arms. All business was dispensed with at the second regular meeting and the time devoted to initiating new mem- bers. Each candidate was put through an ordeal as a test of his fitness to be a Senator. Every initiated member weathered the storm, and the lucky ten were then formally adjudged by the President, full fledged Senators. Those initiated and admitted were Senator George Noll of Irvington, Sen- ator Ernest Scettrini of San Jose ; Sen- ator Edmund Kenney of Oakland; Senator John Willis MoUen of San Ra- fael ; Senator Joseph Geoffroy of San Jose; Senator George D. Pancera of San Jose ; Senator Charles R. Boden of San Francisco ; Senator Edward Fel- lows of Santa Clara; Senator James Conners of Sacramento, and Senator George Haneberg of Honolulu. A hearty repast was tendered the old members by the new members as ap- preciation of their having been admit- ted into the Senate. When every mem- ber had eaten to his content, the meet- ing adjourned at the hour of ten. Sena- tors Noll, Rethers and Trabucco batted true to form with their capacious ap- petites. The first debate of the year was on the much mooted question of High- tower ' s conviction, and after some heated discussion, Senators Logan and Rethers convinced their fellow Sena- tors that sufficient evidence was had for his conviction. Senators Kerck- hoff and Sperry maintained the Nega- tive side of the question. Senator Noll was the Critic of the evening. At the following meeting of the Sen- ate the subject Resolved: That Con- gress should enact legislation authoriz- ing payment of bonus to ex-service men was debated. Senators Pancera and Fitzpatrick upheld the Affirmative and Senators Cassin and Rethers argued for the Negative. The subject was well discussed and the thoroughness with which the debaters delved into the ques- tion was evidence of much preparation. Senators Pancera and Fitzpatrick were declared winners by a 7 to 4 vote. Senator Charles Boden was the Critic of the evening, and the merits and de- merits of the four speakers were clear- ly brought to the fore by the worthy Senator. Whether the Federal Government should suppress the Klu Klux Klan or whether it be given lib- erty to propagate its insidious doctrines bore some importance at the next regular meeting of the Sen- ate. Senators Boden and Scettrini argued for the suppression of the Klan, while Senators Conners and Geoffroy maintained unmolestation of the Ku Klux. The discussion was rendered in favor of Senators Conners and Geof- froy by a very close vote. Senator Logan dealt unmercifully with the speakers ' flaws, while compliments ga- lore were meted out to the Senators deserving the same. At the sixth meeting the subject Re- solved: That United States should in- crease, rather than decrease, its naval preparations, held the attention of the worthy Senators. Senator Trabucco of Mariposa and Noll of Irvington dealt with the affirmative phase of the topic, while Senators Crowe and Haneberg advocated a decrease in our navel prep- arations. Brevity in the gentlemens ' speeches was the feature of the evening. The members present voted a tie. Senator Cassin, who commutes from the neighboring city of San Jose, gave a very able criticism of the debate. Mr. Martin V. Merle, author of the Mission Play, and a former Senate member, was the invited guest of the evening. He spoke a few words on the Mission Play and outlined the program for Mission Week. Mr. Merle pointed out the fact that the production was for the student body and by the student body and depended for its success upon the co-operation of the student body. The next topic for discussion will be Resolved: That in murder cases cir- 36 THE REDWOOD cumstantial evidence is sufficient to warrant the death penalty. Senators Mollen, Kenney, Fellows and Walsh are slated to enlighten the members on this momentous question. All the members are taking great in- terest in the doings and debates of the Senate, and with every prospect of hav- ing this enthusiasm continue, the Sen- ate is undoubtedly in line for a pros- perous and successful year. House With a large number of the sophomores present, the House of Philhistor- ians elected officers for the ensuing year. James Comer was elected clei ' k, and as Representative Comer distin- guished himself last year in the Ryland and Stanford debates, much is expect- ed from " Jim " toward propelling the House to another successful year. The House officers are Representative James B. Comer of Los Angeles, Clerk ; Rep. John P. Dempsey of San Jose, Recording Secretary; Rep. Michael C. Dunne of San Jose, Corresponding Secretary ; Rep. Edwin Driscoll of Kla- math Falls, Oregon, Treasurer; Rep. Robert D. Duff of Medford. Oregon, Sergeant-at-Arms, and Rep. Henry Robidoux of San Jose, Librarian. Nothing is being spared to maintain the House in the position it has so con- spicuously occupied for the past three years. During this space of time the House has come out victorious in every debate. Father Deeney, S. J., the Mod- erator, has already assured the mem- bers of success, and as the Moderator has had much to do with debating or- ganizations, he knows whereof he speaks. Therefore, let the Senate be- ware. A number of speakers possessing rare oratorical abilities have been elected from the Freshman class. The new members have shown splendid spirit in the House, and much is expect- ed from them in the numerous debates scheduled for the coming year. Those admitted into the organization are L. L. Anderson, S. Anderson, J. Becchetti, P. Bean, John Burnett, Bacigalupi, Burke Curley, Ignatius Carney, N. Del Mutolo, J. E. Ford, H. Hodgekinson, J. Harrington, P. Lynch, Luckhardt, An- gelo Rianda, Timothy Sullivan, Scor- sur, Peterson, Miller, Stamp, J. Grif- fin and L. Griffin. A special meeting was set aside for their initiation, and after undergoing some troublesome processes of initiation, the new mem- bers asserted unamimously that they would stick by the House through weal and woe. The Moderator lost little time in ar- ranging the first discussion and chose as the topic for the first debate of the year that Ireland should accept the trea- ty offered her by Lloyd-George. Repre- sentatives Burnett and Duff argued that it would be for the betterment of Ireland to accept such a treaty as of- fered by the English premier, but Rep- resentatives Arthur Saxe and Henry Robidoux stood firm for non-accepta- tion of such terms or of any terms that may be advanced by the premier. The Negatives won, 14 to 13. Resolved: That the Borah bill should be passed by Congess, was next discussed. Representatives Dempsey and Shelloe gave their best to vindi- cate the Affirmative side of the sub- ject, but telling and forceful argu ments by Representatives O ' Shea and Dunne proved too much for the Affir- matives, and as a result the Negative side won by a very close vote of 16 to 15. Representatives Bacigalupi and Stamp of San Jose, who spend their evenings here in the Institute of Law, are billed for the next number. Rep- resentatives Miller and Lewis will take eare of the Negative side. Resolved: That Judge Landis should resign either his Federal Judgeship or Baseball Commission. Both sides are keyed up to a height of frenzy, and they are just rarin ' for the time to come when they can hurl literally bombshells at their opponents. " Baci " shakes a wicked and mean tongue, and the boys are all anxious to hear him. With Father Deeney, as Moderator, with the talent and spirit of the new THE REDWOOD 37 members and with a large number of old members on the roster, the House has but one aim in view, victory in all debates. J. D. With but sixteen mem- bers left from last year ' s thirty-five, the Junior Dramatic Society, under the directorship of Mr. H. C. Donovan, S. J., began the work for the scholastic year, 1921-1922. The first official business was the election, and although many candi- dates were nominated for the various positions, the result of the voting was Mr. Leon E. White of Monterey, Presi- dent ; Mr. Paul J. Martin of San Diego, Secretary ; Mr. Carleton Young of San Francisco, Treasurer; and Mr. Leo Nock of Cambria, Sergeant-at-Arms. The following week, the business of admitting new members was attended to, and the following were deemed worthy of the honor of membership: Messrs. Temple, Karam, Egan, Hook, Barrett, Dean, V. Martin, O ' Malley, Landman, Flynn, Janney, Carter, Ma- loney, Twomey, Stivers, Randazzo, McCormick, Morrison and Kranzthor. Mr. Haley, a former member, having expressed his desire of returning to the society, after an absence from school, was re-admitted. An informal initiation was held for these members, and the Junior Dra- matic Society was greatly honored by the presence of the Reverend Father Rector, and Father Crowley. Mr. Leo Smith recited a selection entitled " The Winner " . Mr. Joseph Sheehan read an interesting paper concerning the early missions of Santa Clara. President White dwelt upon the origin and pur- pose of the J. D. S., and Mr. George Geoghegan delivered an oration, point- ing out the necessity of public speak- ing in every walk of life. Mr. Karam spoke in behalf of the new members, expressing their appreciation, and promising their aid and co-operation in every endeavor of the J. D. S. Father Maher, our Reverend Presi- dent, also addressed the members, praising the speakers of the evening, and urging all to work hard in order that this year may be a banner year for the society. The literary exercises being over, a taraale feed was in order, and in the exuberance of the moment, extempo- raneous speeches, jazzy songs, and jests showed the good will of the so- ciety and a display of natural talent. The evening was a marked success, and besides proving that the society had orators aplenty, and the proper good spirit, it also indicated that the J. D. S. had before is one of the most promising years of its career. The first debate of the year was held on Monday evening, October the 9th. The question read. Resolved: That the stand taken by Santa Clara in athletics last year, will in the end, prove to the best advantage. Mr. George Geoghegan of Salt Lake City and Mr. Koch upheld the affirmative, while the negative was handled by Mr. Young and Mr. Malley. An elo- quent and fiery debate followed, and the decision was finally awarded to the affirmative, 18 to 14. Because of the brilliant speech and keen arguments, Mr. Malley was voted as best speaker of the evening. The reader of the evening was Mr. Brescia, rendering a selection entitled " See It Through. " On Saturday, October 15th, the sec- ond debate was held, which was pre- ceded by the customary literary pro- gram. The reader, Mr. O ' Malley, deliv- ered the poem " United. " Mr. Carter was the essayist, the subject being the " Ku Klux Klan, " and Mr. Halloran read the criticism of the previous de- bate. The main discussion then ensued, the question being on the amalgama- tion of the city of San Jose and Santa Clara. Messrs. Sheehan and Smith argued for the affirmative, and Messrs. Janney and Haley upheld the negative. The affirmative convinced the assem- bly that they should unite, and conse- quently won 20 to 5. Mr. Sheehan, a very talented speak- er, was the shining light of the contest 38 THE REDWOOD and was adjudged the best orator of the evening. The most lively debate so far this season was on the question that the Federal Government should suppress the Ku Klux Klan. Messrs. Hook and Twomey of the affirmative opposed Messrs. V. Martin and Maloney. Al- though Mr. Hook was voted as best speaker, his side lost to the negative 15 to 12. Mr. Egan was critic, and Mr. Landman was the essayist. In the fourth debate, Mr. Giambastiani and Mr. O ' Malley upheld the affirmative of the question, Resolved: That the Congress of the United States should pass the Adjusted Compensation Bill. Messrs. Flynn and Malley took care of the negative. The vote of victory went to the affirmative. A debate has already been secured with the strong team representing the San Jose High School on the question Resolved: That the United States Congress should pass the Adjusted Compensation Bill. It will be held on December 6th in San Jose at the American Legion Hall. Those who will represent the J. D. S. are Messrs. Mal- ley, Hook and Geoghegan, with Mr. Sheehan as alternate. Law The 1921-1922 session Opening of the Institute of Law started on August 2.3rd with the largest enrollment of its his- tory. The ranks of the old students were increased by a generous sprink- ling of new faces and if advance indi- cations count for anything the Insti- tute of Law should have a banner year. The first year men have the following subjects to master this semester: Con- tracts, Property I, Common Law Plead- ing, and Criminal Law and Procedure The consolidated class of second and third year men were met by Equity Jurisprudence, Property II, Trusts and Sales. The second and third year men are absorbing their knowledge of the law from Dean Coolidge, Professors Nicholas Bowden, John J. Jones and Faber Johnston, while Professors Archer Bowden, Richard Bressani, Frank Bloomingdale and James P. Sex are initiating the neophytes into the in- tricacies of the legal profession. Professor ' Institute of Law Johnston T " " . " y fortunate indeed m procuring a brilliant lawyer and able professor in the person of Faber Johnston. Prof. Johnston, one of San Jose ' s leading lawyers of the younger set, was edu- cated at Leland Stanford University, from which he graduated with honors. After passing the bar examination he associated himself with his father in San Jose. Prof. Johnston has taken up the task of imparting a knowledge of the law of real property to the sec- ond and third year men, and although at first blush this would seem to be a well nigh impossible undertaking, Mr. Johnston by his thorough knowledge of the subject and his equally happy faculty of being able to transmit said knowledge, is giving the aforesaid stu- dents a remarkably fine course in this important branch of the law. Professor Stewart Due to the retirement of Robert E. Harmon from the faculty of the University, the students of Elementary Law are acquiring their knowledge of that puzzling subject from Prof. Ron- ald Stewart. Prof. Stewart is a former graduate of the University of Santa Clara and is now practicing law with much success in San Jose. A thorough knowledge of Elementary Law is in- valuable to those who propose to fol- low the legal profession and the mem- bers of this class should do well under the tutelage of Prof. Stewart. His charming personality makes him a fa- vorite with all and his ability to ex- plain the somewhat intricate workings of Common Law should give the Ele- mentary Law students a solid founda- tion on which to build their future knowledge of the law. THE REDWOOD 39 During the initial part Moot Court of the year the calen- dar of the Moot Court was pretty well congested with cases, but due to the ability, knowledge and aggressiveness of Chief Justice James P. Sex, aided by an array of promis- ing young barristers, the calendar has been cleared and the litigating parties have been put, as far as possible, in " status quo. " The court some months ago decided the case of Lender vs. Henderson in favor of the plaintiff and two weeks later gave a judgment to the plaintiff in the ease of Simpson vs. Smith. These two cases have attracted widespread attention and the law laid down in them will, no doubt, be fol- lowed in other jurisdictions in the United States. The last case decided was that of Miller vs. Southern Pacific Company, being an action for damages for injuries sustained through the neg- ligence of a servant of the defendant company. Robley Morgan, the attor- ney for the defendant, gave an elabo- rate elucidation on the law of contrib- utory negligence and his eloquence, to- gether with his uncanny ability to ex- pound the law when told the facts, convinced the court that the defendant company was not liable. The decision was not unamnimous. Justice O ' Con- nor and Justice Purdy dissented from the majority of the court. At the next session the appeal from the decision of the lower court in the case of Wills vs. Martin will be heard and decided by the court. On the whole justice has been fairly dealt by the court during the year and its rulings have been " good law. This is done in great part to the ability of its Chief Justice whose unwavering determination to give just decisions has been an incentive to the opposing attorneys to have their cases ready when called. Promptness and effort is his motto. The different at- torneys under his guidance hope to ac- quire a practical knowledge of court procedure and if we take the past as a criterion their hopes will be realized. On Friday evening, News Items Oct. 28th, Professor Jones celebrated his birthday, and as a token of apprecia- tion the students presented him with a box of stogies. Strange to say, Mr. Jones was at his accustomed place on the next class night. " Judge " Morgan, the blushing bar- rister of the second year men, was con- fined to his bed on Tuesday, October 11th, on account of his tremendous ex- ertions in the case of Miller vs. South- ern Pacific Company, in Chief Justice Sex ' s court on Monday evening. The attending physician reports that the " Judge " will live. Mr. Eugene Jaeger was feted by a goodly number of his classmates on the eve of his departure for Georgia. " Gene " presented himself on the scene of his nightly labors, attired in the uni- form of a second lieutenant, and after disporting himself before his fellow students, bid them a sad farewell. The next evening " Gene " appeared with an armful of law books and the an- nouncement that his entrainment for camp had been cancelled. The first year men were treated to an entire set of new desks early in Octo- ber, for which they are duly thankful. Bacigalupi afforded the amusement for the boys on the first evening after the installation of the new desks by pour- ing himself into one of them, but it took the combined efforts of the entire class to disengage " Bach " from said seat. Election Engineering To fittingly terminate a session of persistent en- deavor and well-earned success, the Engineers brought to a close the scholastic year of 1920-21, by an election of officers who would con- tinue to promote the interests of the Society during the following term. The ballots tallied in close order, and every vote counted in deciding the issue. 40 THE REDWOOD However, the final results were posted as follows: President, J. Paul Reddy, ' 22; Vice-President, Thomas J. Bannan, ' 23; Secretary, Robert V. Lotz, ' 23 ; Treasurer, John T. Coughlan, ' 22 ; Sgt.-at-Arms, Henry J. Miller, ' 24. Hardly had school begun before a meeting of officers was called and the plans of the year considered. The per- sonnel of the numerous committees was arranged and their duties mapped out. An important point was the new stu- dents in the Engineering classes. Num- bering twenty-seven in all, the roster of the Society was increased to the to- tal of sixty names, besides being in- stilled with new blood. The first meeting was brought to or- der by President Reddy on September 3, 1921. Initial business was soon con- cluded and the Entertainment Commit- tee immediately plunged into the sub- ject of initiation. The final scheme was a most elaborate ritual, designed to test the heart of any brave Fresh- man. In one week the degrees were perfected and the Auditorium stage was put in order for the proper pre- sentation of the first scene of Engineer- ing activities. fainter; the door was closed and We pass on to other occasions of no- tice in the Engineering School and So- ciety. One moonlit evening of Initiation the sort that delight the mischievously inclined, the demon of that same mischief perme- ated the atmosphere of Room E. Twen- ty-seven expectant Freshmen were con- scious of its presence but could do nothing to prevent its work. The un- fortunate victims were blind-folded and ushered out to the waiting line. Then did the long procession snake its way through the campus, into Franklin street and on to the Auditorium. Nar- row and difficult was the path but many there were following it. Strag- glers were goaded onward by every sort of encouragement until at length, the Auditorium was reached. In flocked the befuddled crowd; the creaking of the stairs drowned out the mutterings of the oppressed; the sounds grew „. . Professor Sullivan later -- .. addressed the Society meeting congratulated the new members. His main point was the great need of cooperation on the part of the student and his Alma Mater. Success can never be attained by unat- tached efforts no matter how forceful the efforts may be. Organization and affiliation in this regard can accom- plish everything. Professor Sullivan also dwelt on the point of loyalty and whole-heartedness in support of the So- ciety ' s undertakings. To sum up his appropriate discourse, he also defined the object of the Society as a self-gov- erning student organization for the benefit and promotion of student activ- ities along scholastic, social and ath- letic lines. He stressed the importance of first and of the advantages of the second. As the Engineers are always true Santa Clarans and boosters of her standards, he bade us not to forget the last. , Rev. Fr. President fa- fatner vored the Engineers by Fresident accepting an invitation to address the Society at their initial programme meeting. This was the oc- casion of the first meeting of Fr. Presi- dent and the Engineers. Following a formal introduction, all convention was set aside as Fr. President delivered a short heart-to-heart talk to the Society, putting before the members his de- mands, his expectations, his hopes, and his desires. He exhorted the Engineers not to fall away from their standing reputation of study and application ; he asked their earnest cooperation in the observance of all rules and regulations of the University. Before concluding, Fr. President briefly outlined the plans that he wished to carry out during his admin- istration, impressing upon the Society the necessity of a well-directed effort THE REDWOOD 41 on the part of the members. As a pledge of support and in appreciation of Fr. President ' s speech, the Honorary Membership was conferred upon him by a unanimous vote. A get-together evening Open House opened the social events of the Engineers. Upon the invitation of Professor and Mrs. Sullivan, the entire Engineering School gathered at the home of the Professor to enjoy an evening of good fellowship and amusement. The house was gaily decorated and illuminated by many Chinese lanterns and colored lights. Chairs formed an amphitheater on the lawn, where games were to take place, while a bright light, suspended from the roof, lit up the entire scene. After smokes were passed around and all were comfortably seated, the stunts be- gan. These contests consisted of tests of the relative merits of the Sophomore and Freshmen. Gladiatorial boxing bouts, peanut races, a watermelon eon- test, and finally a tug-of-war, provided the amusement. Unusual rivalry kept up the spirit to such a degree that every contest resulted in a draw and called for another try. Rev. Fr. Maher, Fr. Menager, Fr. Fox, Professor and Mrs. Lotz, and Professor and Mrs. Ev- ans were the interested spectators. After the games, the guests amused themselves at whist while the Engin- eers Orchestra tempted the Muse of Harmony to cast down a wreath of fa- vor upon their rendition of popular se- lections. If the sweet strains of " All by Myself " and " Oh Ma! " reached the lofty dwelling place of the aforemen- tioned Muse, then the olive branch of glory surely rested upon the noble brow of Director Ambrose McSweeney. Perhaps there were other trophies awarded that evening, for the singing of Alfred Ferrario and Henry Miller Avas worthy of great praise. In the meantime, Mrs. Sullivan, as- sisted by Mrs. Lotz and Mrs. Evans, served refreshments, a most delicious salad and coffee. Not content with this, our generous hostess sweetened our palates with ice-cream, and the greatest thing in the world, home-made cake in large slices. The Engineers are very much indebted to Professor and Mrs. Sullivan for their gracious hospi- tality and for the splendid open house in honor of the Engineers. According to the cus- Lectures torn established in the Engineering Society in the early part of its existence, two meeting days a month are set aside for Programme meetings. The object of this is to provide some novelty, apart from the usual routine of business, which will instruct and inform the members on different topics of practice and actual projects. Industrial ques- tions and topics of the day also find place in these discussions, thus impart- ing reliable information that is invalu- able to the student. Rev. Fr. Crowley, in an interesting discourse to the Soci- ety described the fundamentals of Par- liamentary Law and Order in the con- duct of meetings, showing how organi- zations and gatherings carry on their business according to established and orderly methods. At another meeting, Mr. Fox, of the Sunnyvale Branch of the F. W. D. Motor Truck Co., gave an illustrated lecture on the mechanisms and inner workings of the F. W. D. motor truck. Mr. Brunett, City Attorney of San Jose, unfolded to the Society a brief account of the condition of the Santa Clara Valley water supply. Mr. Bru- nett, in his lecture showed the tremen- dous importance of conserving the waste waters of the many streams in the valley, in order to cope with the threatening scarcity of supply for irri- gation purposes. The Programme Committee intends to have many prominent engineers of the nearby cities address the Society on different topics, a plan which will not only keep the members in touch with the present day problems, but will interest outsiders in the Society. 42 THE REDWOOD Not satisfied with only First Dance the technical side of life, the Engineers have given the social end some consideration. A programme of activities consisting of picnics, a banquet, at the termination of the school year, dances and other functions has been formed. On Friday, November 5th, an informal dance was held as a pre-holiday affair to more firmly establish the bonds of friendship between the new and the old members of the Society. St. Leo ' s Hall, San Jose, was decorated for the occasion and rendered still more attractive by a gay gathering. Professor and Mrs. Sul- livan, Professor and Mrs. Lotz, and Professor and Mrs. Evans acted as pa- trons and patronesses. Reminiscences of the Engineers Dance last year brought pleasant memories to the danc- ers as they responded to the rhythm of the music. The enrollment this Improvements year showed a decided increase of young men who wished to secure a technical educa- tion in the engineering profession. In justice to them, the University has striven to elevate, if possible, the stand- ard of equipment and the facilities ne- cessary for practical instruction. Many additions have been made to the engin- eering laboratories. In the electrical laboratory, for instance, a large elec- tric generator of special design has been installed together with a complete switch-board, especially adapted for demonstrative purposes. In the Mechan- ical Shop course, a corporation system of credit grading has been put in prac- tice. This system enables the student to work for his points as the ordinary employee earns his salary. Time cards and the use of the time-clock keep the students on their merits and obtain bet- ter results. According to investigations, the efficiency of this method is twice that of the former system. p ... The increasing demand SpeaSng f P " f ' l ' " ' t ' ■ s try, of men, who with- out hesitation or hindrance, can stand on their feet and speak their mind or convince others of their ideas, has lead the Engineering Faculty to stress the importance of a class in Public Speak- ing. Rev. Fr. Fox has been appointed instructor to supervise this matter and has already plunged into the work with vehemence. So far the Engineers Athletics have taken part in ath- letics just when ill-luck descended upon the situation and seemed to hold the upper hand. In an- swer to the call for the upbuilding of a football team, the Engineers turned out in numbers and put all their efforts in line to assemble a representative squad on the field. Whether or not they are directly responsible for Santa Clara ' s success matters little. But on con- fronting the fact that fully one-half of the number of men trying out for the team are Engineers, credit is due them. They are doing all they can to hold the Alma Mater in her place on the ladder of college athletic fame. Of the second team, that has already given good account of itself in the one game played, eight men are Engineers; on the Varsity eleven, four manage to hold regular positions. With such a start, the year of 1921- 1922 should long be remembered in the history of the Society. The following ' ' old Visitors boys " registered at Alumni Lodge on the campus during September and October: Chauncey F. Tramutola, 12, 14 (Pres. of the Alumni Ass ' n.), S. F. Calif.; Jack Campbell, ' 87, Colusa, Calif.; George L. Woolrich, ' 87. San Francis- co, Calif. ; John H. Riordan, ' 05, San Francisco, Calif. ; August M. Aguirre, ' 07, San Francisco, Calif.; Guy W. Connor, " 98, Medford, Ore. ; C. A. Fitz- gerald, ' 01, Santa Clara, Calif. ; John Radovich, ' 72, San Francisco, Calif. ; W. B. Fitzpatrick, ' 17, San Luis Obis- po, Calif. ; H. B. Wilson, ' 18, St. Louis, Mo.; Paul R. Leake, ' 12, Woodland, Calif.; John McGuire, ' 20, St. Louis, Mo.; J. E. Seaton, ' 06, Santa Clara, Calif.; Patrick Higgins (Ex-Football Coach), Los Angeles, Calif.; James M. Maddock, ' 05, Boulder Creek, Calif.; H. E. Wilcox, ' 80, San Jose, Calif. ; M. J. Leonard, ' 16, Santa Cruz, Calif.; Louis G. Delagnane, ' 06, Los Angeles, Calif. ; M. A. Fitzgerald, ' 16, San Luis Obispo, Calif. ; Christopher A. Degnan, ' 12- ' 14, Yosemite, Calif.; H. Raymond Hall, ' 16- ' 17, Oakland, Calif.; Joseph Aurreeoechea, ' 17, Livermore, Calif. ; J. Ramon Somavia, ' 04, Salinas, Calif. ; John Y. Somavia, ' 87, San Jose, Calif. ; Charles M. Cassin, ' 88, San Jose, Calif. ; Charles D. South, ' 01, Santa Clara, Calif.; N. A. Pellerano, ' 91, San Jose, Calif.; John J. Eberhard, ' 89, Santa Clara, Calif.; C. C. Coolidge, ' 90, San Jose, Calif. ; Dr. Ramon Roca, ' 91, San Jose, Calif. ; Louis 0. Normandin, ' 03, San Jose, Calif.; 0. A. Speciale, ' 16, San Jose, Calif. ; John J. Jones, ' 08, San Jose, Calif. ; George L. Sullivan, ' 12, Santa Clara, Calif. ; James P. Sex, ' 93, San Jose, Calif. ; Dr. Fred C. Ger- laeh, ' 89, San Jose, Cailf.; David M. Burnett, ' 94, San Jose, Calif.; E. M. Rea, ' 92, San Jose, Calif.; John B. Shea, ' 06, San Jose, Calif.; Robert A. Fatjo, ' 96, Santa Clara, Calif.; Peter Dunne, ' 84, San Jose, Calif. ; George Mayerle, Jr., Ex.- ' 12, San Francisco, Calif.; Earl 0. Schne tz, Ex.- ' 21, Sacra- mento, Calif.; Adrian R. Kline, Ex.- 12, San Jose, Calif.; Dan J. Tadich, 11, San Francisco, Calif. ; Roy L. Bronson, 12, San Francisco, Calif.; Seth T. He- ney, ' 11, Mexico ; Frank J. Blake, ' 11, San Francisco, Calif. ; Addison C. Po- sey, ' 11, Oakland, Calif. ; A. B. Diepen- brock, M. D., ' 08, San Francisco, Calif. ; Dr. Alexander T. Leonard, Jr., ' 10, San Francisco, Calif. Salinas- On Sunday, October Monterey 16th, Rev. Father Rec- Club tor, accompanied by Rev. Father E. J. Ryan, S. J., Faculty Moderator of the Alumni Association; Mr. Chauncey F. Tramutola, ' 12, Pres- ident of the Alumni Association ; Mr. George A. Nicholson, ' 16, President of the San Jose Club of the Alumni Asso- ciation, and Mr. Martin V. Merle, ' 06, Executive Secretary of the Alumni As- sociation, motored to Salinas to attend the executive meeting of the Salinas- Monterey Club held in honor of Rev. Father Rector. After greeting Mr. J. Ramon Somavia, ' 04, President of the club, at his home, the members repaired to the home of Mr. Pedro Zabala, ' 86, 43 44 THE REDWOOD Vice-President, where they sat down to a real Spanish barbecue under the trees in " Su Jardin " , the typical old Span- ish garden that surrounds the Zabala home. Then followed a feast of barbe- cued meats and steaming frijoles, fla- vored with the wit of the guests. The barbecue itself was but a sample of the big barbecue to be put on during the centennial celebration in honor of the old Santa Clara Mission next May, by the Coyote Club of Salinas. Immedi- ately following the barbecue, President Somavia introduced Rev. Father Rec- tor, who laid before the members of the Salinas-Monterey Club his plans for the building of Alumni Science Hall, which is to be a tribute from the boys of yesterday to the boys of tomorrow. His speech met with enthusiastic re- sponse, and was followed by short talks from Rev. Father Ryan, Mr. Chauncey F. Tramutola and Mr. Pedro Zabala. Mr. John J. Connor, of the Class of ' 79, sang several solos, and proved that his voice is of the same silvery sweetness as when he often en- tertained the student body of his gen- eration. Mr. J. Ramon Somavia intro- duced a new Salinas-Monterey Club yell, which was immediately adopted by the club as its official " war-cry " , and, participated in by the entire gath- ering, it brought the successful meet- ing to a close. Among the old boys at the meeting were : Messrs. J. Ramon Somavia, Pedro Zabala, Frank W. Sar- gent, Duncan McKinnon, John J. Con- nor, W. C. Beasly, Henry Burns, Leo- pold Bidace, P. P. Barbenttini, Joseph Corneggia, John Dolan, James Dolan Harry Casey, William Casey Jr., J. B Cooper, A. E. Cooper, Leo Christal Samuel Davies, Charles Dolling, Fran cis Dowd, Miguel Espinoza, Lewis B Ford, Mortimer Gragg, Alfred Gon zales, Robert Griffin, C. Z. Herbert John L. Hudner, Paul J. Hudner, James F. Kennedy, J. P. Lauritzen, Carmel Martin, Charles McFadden, Wesley McKinnon, F. J. Polomares, Joseph Ri- anda, Raymond Rudolph, Ross C. Sar- gent, Pablo Soto, Joseph Stoltz, Henry Tabernetti, Julius Trescony, Albert Trescony and W. W. Zabala. T n Ati0-a1p«! - - Castruccio, 12, Los Angeles Redwood corre- spondent for the Los Angeles Alumni Club writes that all is Avell in L. A. The S. C. contingent in the South includes among its members some old timers in the history of Santa Clara: Hon. Delphin M. Delmas, ' 62; Hon. Reginald del Valle, ' 73, and Wm. R. Rowland, Sheriff of Los Angeles County in the days of Stephen M. White. Andrew Mullen, ' 09, manager of Mullen Bluett, leading men clothiers, suffered the loss of his father recently. The Redwood extends its sincere sym- pathy to Mr. Mullen. " Nick " Geha, ' 13, has entered the bonding business with the well-known firm of Stevens and Company, while liis brother " Bill " Geha has only late- ly returned from an extensive tour of the United States and will resume the practice of dentistry. George F. Donahue, ' 16, more popu- larly known as " Jiggs " , has branched out into the dyeing and cleaning busi- ness, conducting the establishment known as the Universal Dyers and Cleaners in the fashionable Wilshire district of Los Angeles. Art Shafer, ' 17, otherwise known as " Tilly " Shafer, has secured the Paci- fic Coast agency for the new Duesen- burg motor car. Art has an imposing building on South Figueroa Street, the future automobile row of Los Angeles. Clay M. Green has added an- ' 69 other tremendous success to his long list of dramatic pro- ductions. A San Francisco paper Avrites as follows of Mr. Greene ' s latest play : " John of Nepomuk, patron saint of Bohemia, dominated the annual Grove play of the Bohemian Club, last night, the closing night of the annual Grove jinks. From the depths of the redwood fringed stage the story and music of THE REDWOOD 45 the St. John episode floated away into the starlit aisles of the amphitheater, while men from all parts of the world shared the spell cast by the genius of Dr. Humphrey J. Stewart, composer, and Clay M. Greene, writer, joint au- thors of this year ' s play. " Clay M. Greene is one of the fore- most playwrights in the country at the present time. He has written many plays since his graduation from Santa Clara, one of them the Passion Play, he lias donated to the University. This is hut one example of Mr. Greene ' s loyal- ty to Santa Clara as he has always kept in touch with the student activi- ties and is in every way a true Santa Claran of whom we are justly proud. ' 90 The son of John J. ' Toole, member of the civil service commission, died at the home of his parents in San Francisco recent- ly. The Faculty and Student Body of Santa Clara unite in offering condol- ences to the bereaved parents. Moses Ellis, of Sunnyvale, ' 99 Calif., passed away at the O ' Connor Sanitarium on Wednesday, October 19th, after a short illness, and was buried from the old Mission Church on the following Sat- urday. He was one of the most popu- lar boys in the Class of ' 99, and was a brother of Leo and the la+e Austin El- lis, both former students of the Univer- sity. Through " The Redwood " , the Faculty and Student Body extend their sympathy to Mr. Ellis ' family. ' 04 Full ecclesiastic and military honors were accorded the late Lieutenant John Morgan Re- gan, U. S. A., on Sunday, June 19th, when his body was laid to rest in the family plot in Boise, Idaho, following its arrival from France, where it had reposed in the American Cemetery in Fismes since the date of his death in action, August 4th, 1918. A military Requiem Mass was cele- brated at St. John ' s Cathedral for the first time in the history of the Catho- lic Church in Boise, and the American Legion ritual was used at the grave, conducted by the John Regan Post, named in honor of the fallen hero. Preceding the Cathedral services the body was escorted from the family home by the Color Guard, pallbearers, members of old Co. H, of the Second Idaho Regiment, and members of the American Legion and Veterans of For- eign Wars, and other ex-service men; together with large representations from the Knights of Columbus, Boise Lodge of Elks and many civic organiza- tions. In the funeral cortege, following the casket as it rode on a caisson draped with the American flag, on which rested the soldier ' s helmet and saber, were hundreds of automobiles containing friends of Lieutenant Re- gan, who were legion. In the Cathe- dral sanctuary the casket rested before the high altar erected in memory of Lieutenant Regan by his mother, and his brother, William V. Regan, Santa Clara, ' 03. The military Requiem Mass was presided over by the Rt. Rev. Dan- iel M. Gorma n, Bishop of the Diocese of Boise ; and the eulogy was preached by Rev. Remi Kej ser, life-long friend of the dead soldier and his family. A firing squad, composed of old Co. H members, fired three volleys over the grave, and a bugler sounded taps, bringing to a close the services for one of Santa Clara ' s most beloved and heroic sons who, inspired by love for God and Country, sacrificed all that the ideals for which he lived shall not per- ish from the earth. John Regan was a factor in the life of Santa Clara from 1897 to 1904, incl. He took a big part in all its moods, in all of its activities — in class room, in play and in religious fervor. The dominant note of his character was kindliness and his constant thought for the welfare of others. Always to the fore as a student, he foiind time for athletics and college activities. He ran the gamut of the various debating soci- eties, from the J. D. S. to the Senate, and he was the second Editor-in-Chief 46 THE REDWOOD of " The Redwood " , after serving on the literary staff at its birth. College dramatics had a strong appeal for him, and he added luster to the original cast of The Passion Play, in 1901 ; his inter- pretation of John, the beloved disciple, revealing the depth of his spiritual character. His record as a soldier was but a con- tinuance of his record as a student, and a man of affairs in the world— his duty first, last and all the time, without ever counting the cost to himself. We, of Santa Clara, do not grieve for John Regan, although he was among the dearest of students and friends. We dispatch a tribute of love and appreciation to his silent grave ; we glorify his death. His heart is stilled, but the spirit that actuated him lives to inspire those he left behind to a fuller conception of duty to God, to Country and to Mankind. John Ivancovich is taking a ' 05 leading part in Maude Ful- ton ' s new production, " Pin- kie " , which played recently at the Century in San Francisco. John will be remembered by many of the older Santa Clarans who will be glad to learn of his continued success in the dra- matic world Dr. Anthony B. Diepen- ' 08 brock, the third Santa Clara graduate to receive an A. B. " Maxima Cum Laude " , was a campus visitor on Sunday, Oct. 30th. In ' 07- ' 08 " Doc " edited The Redwood, and on his graduation entered Harvard, where he completed his course in med- icine in ' 12. At present he is re siding in San Francisco, where he has built up an enviable practice. Some few months ago, " The ' 10 Redwood " published a letter from an Alumnus, a member of the class of 1910 and a " Santa Cla- ran " in all that the word implies, one who both in the halls of learning and upon the gridiron, upheld with honor, a family name that has been insepara- bly connected with the growth and tri- umph of our Alma Mater since its birth and now we are called upon to record the death of that Alumnus, John Igna- tius Keating, on July 21, 1921, at Vir- ginia City, Nevada. " Jack " Keating was the son of the late Robert P. Keating, B. S. ' 62, and brother of Robert P. Keating Jr., and William D. Keating, both Alumni of Santa Clara. From the " Virginia City Chronicle " we quote: " Mr. Keating was one of the best known men of the Comstoek and for a number of years had been engaged in mining, both in this district and at Silver City. Of late he had been in charge of the operations of the Com- stoek Exploration Company of this city. " He was a son of the late General Robert P. Keating, whose name recalls the Savage, Justice and other Comstoek mines during the early days. " Like his father, the deceased was active in Democratic politics, and at the time of his death was a member of the Democatie County and State Cen- tral Committees. " He was a former Grand Knight of the Virginia City, Knights of Colum- bus, and an officer of the National Guard of Nevada, which his father at one time commanded. " The funeral was held from the Cathedral of San Francisco and Rev- erend Father Richard A. Gleeson, S. J., President of Santa Clara during Keat- ing ' s days, said the Mass, assisted by several former members of the Santa Clara faculty, while Anthony B. Die- penbrock, M. D. ' 08, Alexander T. Leo- nard Jr., M. D. ' 10, and Raymond W. Kearny ' 10, acted as pall bearers. " His body lies in Holy Cross, close by that of a classmate William I. Bar- ry, where, " Light lie the earth upon his dear dead heart. And dreams disturb him never; Be deeper peace than paradise his part, Forever and forever. " THE REDWOOD 47 William B. Hirst is now the Ex.- 10 father of a second son, James Coughlan Hirst, born on Aug- ust 8th at San Francisco, and tipping the scales at 9 pounds. In company with Adolph G. Sutro, ' 10, who, by the way, holds 5 world ' s records for hydro- planes, the muchly elated father is at present on an extended trip to North- ern California. San Francisco. In ' 09- ' 10- ' 11 he caught for the Varsity Baseball team. Four members of the Class of ' 11 ' 11, than which few classes were ever more intimately connected, dropped in on the campus on Sunday, Oct. 30th, to witness the game between the Varsity and the Mare Island Marines. They were Francis J. Blake. Seth T. Heney, Addi- son C. Posey and Dan J. Tadich. Each helped make history for their class and for the student body they served so well. Blake, now a rising young at- torney in San Francisco, was Presi- dent of his class and captured an A. B. " Cum Laude " . On leaving Santa Clara he entered Harvard, where he finished his law course in 1914. Heney was Student Body President in ' 10 and ' 11; Business Manager of " The Red- wood " for the same period, and active in various other student body activi ties. He is at present identified with the Ralph Arnold-Seth T. Heney oil en- terprises in Mexico, where he will re- turn after the first of the year to take over the control of more than 4,000,000 acres of oil fields. Posey, A. B. " Magna Cum Laude " , was Captain of the Bas- ket Ball team in ' 09- ' 10, and for a number of years has been associated with the Southern Pacific Company. Tadich played football for five years, won the Nobili in ' 10, was Stage Man- ager of the Senior Dramatic Club in ' 08- ' 09- ' 10- ' 11; Secretary of the Stu- dent Body in ' 11 ; Class Treasurer in ' 11 ; Manager of the Track Team, and, in ' 10- ' 11 Alumni Editor of " The Red- Avood. John T. Irilarry, of the same class, was to have been in the party, but was prevented at the last moment from joining it. John is Assistant Cash- ier at the French-American Bank in In the same party that ' 12 brought the four ' 11 men to the campus on Oct. 30th, was Roy F. Bronson, now associated with Chauncey F. Tramutola, ' 12, President of the Alumni Association, in the prac- tice of law in San Francisco. Bronson was Captain of the Track Team in ' 11- 12, and Editor of " The Redwood " in ' 12- ' 13. He returned to Santa Clara in ' 13 for his A. M., and his LLB. in ' 14. The infant son of Chauncey Tramu- tola died Nov. 3, in San Francisco. " The Redwood " offers its sincere sym- pathy to the bereaved parents and is joined by the entire faculty and stu- dent body. Dion R. Holm was recently ' 12 elected Grand Knight of San Francisco Council No. G15, K. C. Henry Hoffman, ' 78. Avas elected Treasurer of the Council at the same time. Holm took the prin- cipal part in the Mission Play of ' 13, and received much favorable comment for his dramatic ability at that time. ' 13 The body of Lieutenant Brad- ley Sargent, whose untimely death in France will be re- called by many of the Alumni, was brought to San Francisco, where a mil- itary funeral was held in his honor. Rev. Fr. Maher, S. J., and Rev. Fr. Bo- land, S. J., together with the following students, attending: George Paneera, Francis O ' Shea, Frank Rethers, and Thos. Crowe. The esteem in which Bradley Sargent ' s many friends held him, is well expressed by the following letter from his fellow officer, Eugene H. Charles, ' 17. " Having been a fellow officer with Bradley Sargent, both at training camp and with the 11th Field Artillery, I will gladly write a few words on his ser- vices during the war. " The latter part of August. 1917, Bradley entered the Second Officers ' Training Camp at the Presidio, San 48 THE REDWOOD Francisco, and on November 27th won a commission as Second Lieutenant Field Artillery. " Shortly afterwards he reported for duty to the 11th, F. A., then stationed at Douglas, Arizona. He was assigned to Battery B, and here, by his tireless work, soon won the respect and friend- ship of his men and fellow officers. " When the regiment reached its training area at Camp Valdahon, France, Bradley was made 2nd Battal- ion Radio Officer and had the unpleas- ant task of taking green men and whip- ping them into shape for front line duty in the short period of five or six weeks. " On October 22nd Regimental Head- quarters received word to report at once to the 89th Division, then on its way to the front in the Argonne Sec- tor. During the rush of getting the men and equipment entrained, one of the motor trucks broke down and had to be left behind. Here Bradley showed his mettle as a soldier when he volun- teered to stay and repair the truck and then bring it to the front overland. " A few days later we were in action and on October 28th we were constant- ly going forward to keep up with our infantry. By nightfall, due to the heavy rains, our forward batteries were almost helpless as it was practically impossible to keep them supplied with ammunition. Here again Bradley came forward and volunteered to help the stranded batteries. He had made several hazardous trips over a road un- der direct enemy fire and was back again at the regimental ammunition dump for another load when an enemy shell lit in the dump and mortally wounded him. He was bandaged the best first aid permitted and put in an ambulance bound for the evacuation hospital. As he was leaving his last words to the Regiment were : ' ' Good- bye, boys, keep up the good work and I will be back soon. " He was recom- mended for the Distinguished Service Cross for his bravery on this night. The next day he died in the hospital. " Never thinking of himself, his duty to his regiment foremost, truly the 11th F. A. can well be proud of having such an officer and man. He was a friend to us all and lived and died like a sol- dier. " The engagement of Miss 15 Eileen Costello to Adolph " Ad " Canelo, Jr., was announced in San Francisco recently. " Ad " is a well-known Santa Claran, who has kept in touch with the Uni- versity since he left its walls. His Santa Clara friends congratulate him on his good fortune. Edward A. Madden and Miss Ex- 15 Estelle Goodwin were recent- ly married in San Francisco. The ceremony was solemnized at a nup- tial Mass, celebrated by Father M. P. Ryan at St. Vincent de Paul ' s Church. " The Redwood " offers congratulations to the newlyweds, and wishes them the best. Wedding bells rang merrily ' 16 down Santa Maria way last July, when William J. Ship- sey of San Luis Obispo joined the ranks of the benedicts. Miss Elizabeth Adam of Santa Maria, was the happy bride. Congratulations, Bill, on your new role in life. Miles Fitzgerald is another ' 17 of our old students to join the ranks of matrimony. Miles graduated in ' 17 and has been busy practicing law in San Luis Obispo. The following is taken from a San Jose paper : " A wedding of interest took place last Tuesday morning, when Miss Em- ma Klein became the bride of Mr. Miles Fitzgerald. The ceremony was a quiet affair solemnized by a nuptial mass. Rev. Father J. F. Collins officiating. Miss Klein is well known in San Jose and is the neice of Mrs. Georgiana Scherrer, with whom she has made her home. " The newly wed couple are now on their honeymoon in the north, and " The Redwood " joins with their friends in giving them best wishes. THE REDWOOD 49 On Saturday evening, Sept. E3C- ' 17 24th, a monster benefit was staged in Pleasanton, several of the student body participating. Earnest W. Schween, 17, personally arranged and supervised the whole en- tertainment. Ernie is one of our most energentie alumni. While at college he was in charge of the Co-Op Store and did much for its upbuilding. He is still exercising the same keenness and energy today as formerly. Notwith- standing that he holds an important po- sition with the extensive Spreckels Sugar Beet Concern, he finds time to transact real estate deals and is the or- ganizer and secretary of the Pleasanton Chamber of Commerce. According to all testimony, Schween is the " fac totum " of the place, which means that he is the Big Chief of the whole Pleas- anton valley. Felicitations, Ernie, long may you reign. An interesting epistle was Ex- 17 recently received from James C. J. Martin. Jimmie was a member of the Frehs- man and Sophomore classes here in 1914-15. 1915-16, after which time he went to Ann Arbor, where he was graduated from the course of journal- ism, so signalizing himself that he was appointed editor of the Ann Arbor College Magazine. He subsequently has held positions with the Associated Press at Chicago, the Milwaukee Sen- tinel, and the Jackson (Mich.) Citizen Patriot. At present he is editor of The Evening Gazette in Cedar Rapids, Towa. It is but natural that Jimmie should follow the newspaper game, since both his father and mother are journalists, his father being for many years editor of various papers. " We wish you a big, deserAnng suc- cess in your chosen profession, Jimmie. and let us hear from you from time to time. Funeral services were held in Ex- 18 St. Joseph ' s Church in San Jose, October 22, for the late Corporal John Leo McCauley, who was killed in action in France during the same month, three years ago. McCau- ley will be remembered by many of the Alumni as a prominent Santa Cla- ran some years ago. He entered the services early in 1917, and crossed to the other side May 28, 1918, with E Company of the Fifth Marines. It was on October 4th, a little over three months later, that he made the su- preme sacrifice, while fighting with his comrades on Mont Blanc Ridge. His funeral, in charge of the American Le- gion, was attended by the student body officers. On October 29th at Saint Claire ' s Church, Santa Clara, George S. Ivanco- vich and Mae Evangeline Mahan were united in marriage. Following the ser- vices at Saint Clare ' s a wedding breakfast was served at the Vendome in San Jose, after which the happy pair started for a trip to Southern Califor- nia. Among the members of the ' 19 visiting football teams which have been the Varsity ' s op- ponents this season, are several Santa Clarans. Rudy Scohlz, one of Santa Clara ' s most famous rugby players, is a member of the Agnetian Club. George Maj erle, Ex- ' 12, who is man- ager of the Agnetian Club, stayed over for dinner after the game. He displayed some of his old Santa Clara spirit by entertaining the students in the refec- tory with a few songs. Another Santa Claran who visited us as a rival football player was Hugh La- jeale. Ex- ' 16. Hugh was a member of the American Legion team which the Varsity played some time ago. During the brief six months ' 21 since their graduation from Santa Clara University, the members of last year ' s Senior Class have scattered themselves from Cali- fornia to the most Eastern states. Some going in search of further knowledge, and others to start their careers as men of the world, and to them all their Alma Mater Avishes every success. Harold Cashin of the Science and Letters department, is now finishing 50 THE REDWOOD law studies at the University of South- ern California, while spending his spare time gathering practical knowledge in a Los Angeles law office. " Hal " was the editor of the " Redwood " last year, and the files give ample proof of his ability in that line. Edmund Zan Coman, on getting his sheepskin, ' journeyed straight home, and stayed there, keeping out of all mischief by helping his father in the letter ' s office. If " Zeek " has the same old drive that he exhibited around here, we can ' t see any reason why his father shouldn ' t retire in his favor in a couple of years. John Murphy, famous member of the more famous " Stupid Six, " is now gathering laurels for himself, and do- ing credit to Santa Clara back at dear old Harvard. John writes that he can ' t speak their language fluently yet, but is learning fast, and from what we know of him, we don ' t hesi- tate to assert that John will make good. Casimir Antonioli, and Richard Mc- Carthy are the only members of last year ' s class who are back with us to finish their law courses. Both are seek- ing an LL.B. William Osterle, of the Engineering Department, is seeking his fortune with an electrical company back in Dayton, Ohio, and from the honors that " Bill ' won while here, we have no doubt but that he will soon be men- tioned with men like Edison and Fr. Richard Bell, S. J. Adolph Vegara has carried his quest for the fourth dimension back to Massa- chusetts, where he is enrolled at the Boston Technical College. We wouldn ' t be surprised to hear from " Ad " as a theatrical light back there, after watching him as a mesmerist in " The Bells. " Alfred Abrahamsen ' s generous na- ture carried him up to the University of California, where he is imparting his knowledge of the Engineering Sci- ences to the students of Civil Engineer- ing at the State University. To change from student to instructor in four months is quite a jump, but not for one with the ambition and enthusiasm of " Abe.; ' Daniel Minahan is paving his way to success with the State Highway Com- mission up in Lassen county. " Dan- gerous Dan " is an ardent booster for S. C. and all its enterprises. Keep up the good work, Dan. Tom Ford has a position with a con- tracting concern up at Sacramento, but his modesty forbids him telling us which one of the state buildings he is going to erect. Roy Fowler, last year ' s student body president, hasn ' t wasted a minute since he left us. Besides conducting a business in San Jose, Roy is managing a ranch, and serving time in the Naval Reserve. There is only one thing that Roy won ' t tell iis, and that is the name of the fortunate girl that he ' s going to lead up to the altar some one of these days. William Caspar de Koch spent the summer giving assistance to the Union Oil Company in Los Angeles, and then left to join John Murphy back at Har- vard. Considering the racquet that " Bill " used to swing around here, he ' ll probably make quite a racket back there. Earl 0. Schnetz was a cam- Ex- ' 23 pus visitor in October, and accompanying him was his bride of a few days, formerly Miss Mil- dred Hickey of Sacramento. They made Santa Clara on the last lap of their honeymoon, prior to returning to Sac- ramento, where Mr. Schnetz is affili- ated with the Pioneer Baking Com- pany. The young bridal couple held an impromptu reception in Alumni Lodge, where they met several of the Fathers and a number of the groom ' s former classmates. o,- The proverbial mills of time, having ground through our vacation period with unusual rapidity, we find our- selves facing another year of journal- ism. With this, the occasion of the first issue of " The Redwood " , custom and choice requires us to set down what this department will undertake and hope to accomplish during the present year. We do not intend to conduct these columns on the theory that there is a social obligation owing to our contem- poraries, which is to be fulfilled by our saying a number of fine things about their literary efforts, which we do not, in good conscience, believe to be true. Nor on the other hand, shall we criticise with the express purpose of subjecting someone ' s earnest efforts to disparagement. It has often been re- marked that it is easy to find fault — we shall not seek the easy way. Our energies will be directed to the end that our friends may profit, in some small measure, by the comments favor- able or otherwise, that our limited, but sincerely applied abilities may permit us to record. As far as is humanly pos- sible we shall endeavor to depart from personal tastes. We earnestly hope for the same whole-hearted co-operation from our contemporaries that we have been pri- vileged to enjoy during the past years. We have always been grateful to those who have found us worthy of criticism and our only desire is that they continue to use the same open frankness and sincerity toward us. We feel secure in the belief that the bands of good will will be drawn still tighter when this present year has passed into history. mi -n ji- In endeavoring to sub- The Fordham - _ Monthly - condition, that a great number of " Commencement Numbers " had created on our " vint- age-of-nineteen-hundred-and-two ' ' desk during vacation months, we brought an old friend into view. " The Fordham Monthly " , hailing from the New York institution bearing that name, reminds us of an old antique shop once visited ; we found everything we expected and just a little more. After a cover-to-cover perusal we found ourselves most pleased with " Sea Gulls " which unfolds the tale of a crippled soldier, whose spirit proved even more fragile than his corpus. We are in sympathy when he reaches a pathetic realization, but a moment lat- er we are horrified to behold him in a passion of jealousy, seeking to destroy the obstacle to his happiness. The read- ing leaves us in a speculative mood and we find reason to suggest that many of the problems of this life are left to the mercy of the next. The plot offers wonderful possibili- ties and it is agreeable to observe that the writer has not remained adamant to its plea and suggestion. " The Parting " is a quiet and digni- fied bit of verse and expresses, with warm feeling and precision, an emotion that each one leaving his Alma Mater must needs experience. In November it is not easy to think of " June Days " , but the versifier in the poem bearing that name, with his 51 52 THE REDWOOD talent of word-painting takes us on the magic carpet of his vivid imagination and unfolds all the alluring dreams of early summer. " Cherche-la Femme " is the hiimor- ous story of a misogynist who emerged from his unhappy ventures harboring a still greater hatred for women. The free and easy style that assures un- flagging interest and good transition is well adapted to this type of story. " Ghosts " is a poetical offering in three well-balanced stanzas. We are not disappointed to find that it is not attended with that eerieness that the title might lead one to expect. The manner of execution is direct and not overly fanciful. The chief merit in " Over the Fairy- Bank " is to be found in the interest it creates. It relates to experiences of childhood that are common and dear to us all. " Then and Now, " also verse, is written with considerable skill, and genuine feeling. What a little application and a lively mind can do with a simple subject is amply shown in the essay " Strawberry Patches " . It has a retrospective influ- ence and an appeal of the great out-of- doors. Of two heavy tasks " The Pagan Scholastic " is the bigger undertaking. Having read it through we were left in no doubt as to the essayist ' s thorough acquaintance with Aristotle and Plato. The second " Christian Education " is impressive and argumentatively com- plete. It is a splendid exposition, and plea for broader education. We can readily agree that education is not a mere mental cramming of facts and fig- ures. We should likewise remark, while on the subject, that the real seat of education is on the maternal knee, not on the Governmental desk. We are well-acquainted with the " Fordham " standard of excellence and will watch with interest its future pro- gress. Prospector The Metaphoricolly speak- ing, " The Prospector " (Mount St. Charles Col- lege, Helena, Mont.) is a display of lit- erary wares, which includes everything from a sane political essay to a soaring spring song. The magnetic title, " The Senator From Urbana " has the magic affect of checking our aimless mental drifting. A fine show of skill is displayed in ren- dering the meticulous rustic true to life, who proved to be less of a farce than his attire and mien suggested. The story breaks upon us like a clap of thunder, but because it is a story with a moral and cannot depart from the actual state of affairs, it trails away into indistinctness. The opinions and arguments con- tained in the essays, " Ireland ' s Case Stated " , are more or less familiar, but are restated in a forcible and up-to- date way. A new danger lurking in our twen- tieth-century mode of Governmental procedure, is brought to our attention in " Paternalism " . The essayist reaches into the coffers of early American his- tory to better accentuate the true sig- nificance of this modern evil. He is quite correct in his statement that the rights of the family unit are in many respects paramount to those of the cen- tral government. It remained for the article ' ' Catholics In War and Peace " to give us our first opportunity to read an appreciation of the American Catholics participation in the World ' s War. In conclusion the writer well points out the further duty of the Catholic to assist in the clearing of the debris and the aftermath. " Courage " is a stimulating tonic to the recalcitrant wayfarer in the heavy path of life. It is crammed with inter- esting facts and allusions that are car- ried to us in a satisfying manner. In our humble estimation it measures well up to the ideal collegiate essay. " The Novice at San Sebaste " , in al- legorical verse, is much too long to be handled with success. It might better have been committed to prose to gain the real force of which it is capable. On the whole " The Prospector " has created a good number, but the addi- THE REDWOOD 53 tion of at least one more short story would have been advantageous. " The Laurel " (St. The Laurel Bonaventure College, N. Y.) next arrested our inquisitive eye. A glimpse through its pages at once drew the comment that it could have well been labelled a " scientific number " for no less than six articles search the fields of medi- cine, psychology and philosophy for in- spiration. This issue is very fortunate in its verse, but rather unsteady in its pro- saic endeavors. " When Ted Jones Saw " , a story with a lesson to convey, brings us into intimate contact with a boy, who could not fool himself and discovered the reason under unusual circumstances. The plot is simple and while original is not employed to full advantage. The writer creditably brings his moral to the minds of his readers without useless elaborations. We confess that we have no right to indulge in speculations or conjectures, but we caiuiot do otherwise than sug- gest that the plot of " A Good Turn " emanates from the influence of the time-worn scenario idea. A frayed or mediocre plot can often be successfully used by the professional writer, but it is a precarious adventure for the ama- teur. In " June " the poet is tossed on the wings of fancy and the result is very gratifying. " The Chord Divine " is from the same pen and the two considered show the writer to be as free from manner- ism as he is versatile. The verse in either case is not " derived " for there is nothing to suggest a study of any of the old masters. " Beyond " , also in verse, takes death for its theme. It is attended with real touches of penetra- tion and we are delighted to find that the poet has seen fit to keep it un- tainted by the grave diggers attitude. The " History of Science " in rhyme, shows an intimate acquaintance with the scientists of all times, their discov- eries, laws and theoretical accomplish- ments. " A Plea In Behalf of the Sciences " , surveys the history of scientific pro- gress and brings to the foreground some angles often unnoticed by the student. As a refutation of the popular no- tion that imagination has no place in science, " Imagination In Science " is convincingly written. Particularly noteworthy and interesting are the concrete illustrations used by the es- sayist to better maintain his distinc- tion between imagination and fancy. The editorial columns are given over to matters appropriate to a final num- ber. Between the attractive The Campion covers of " The Cam- pion " in which are re- corded the literary accomplishments of the Campion College of Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, is to be found ample proof of the versatile abilities of the staff and students. Turning to the first page we found in " Liberal Education " an essay that is stylistically different. In a very forcible manner it brings us to con- sider the all important question : What are we getting out of college? There are no exaggerations in any way, but there is a splendid accentuation of the need and importance of Christian edu- cation. This number particularly abounds in verse. " So Close " is but eight lines in length, but it is long enough to forc- ibly bring home to one ' s intellect the true position he occupies on this earth. We were equally pleased with an " Address to a Butterfly " and " My Garden Maid " . The latter crisply sus- tains the interest by keeping in con- cealment the subject of its description until the final line is reached. The for- mer fares well at the hand of its writ- er. It is a bold piece of imagery, de- lightful and invigorating in every con- ceivable way. " The Voice of Spring " is a some- what flat and unpoetical treatment of 54 THE REDWOOD a dainty thought. Some hint of the true character of the big jovial English poet is found in " William Blake Walks the Sussex- Countryside " . A fine sense of light humor is properly subdued throughout its lines. " When Beauty Comes " is of s-Hch a quality that it cannot be lost in the shadows of any of the above mentioned verses. It is the song of one who dreamily sees beauty in every phase of God ' s handiwork. " To a Cardinal " puts one in some- thing of a quandary, for while it is ostensibly verse, it seems on the verge of breaking into song at one time and falling into the division of fiction at another. All things considered it is a scintillating and delightful description of a beautiful subject. " A Nuptial Hiatus " is a tale that is certain to strike the fancy of the mod- ern mind, for it is exceedingly refresh- ing and humorous. Its plot borders on the absurd, but this in no way depreci- ates its effectiveness. We have but one criticism : the narrator fails to pre- pare us for his surprise climax, be- cause of his neglect to sufficiently de- velop his factors. Even a surprise plot must be at least, reasonably probable. " The Milner Necklace " is presented as well as the tiresome and never-new detective plot will permit. Detective stories from the hands of story writers of uncertain or amateur calibre, usually result in tediousness. Our anticipa- tions in this one are more or less fully realized, so it is scarcely to be regarded as a surprise plot, which is very essen- tial to the success of most detective yarns. The two philosophical compositions, " Instinct In the Animal World " and " Something About Animals " fairly bristle with good reason and interest- ing facts. The former clearly demonstrates that an earnest student can repute the famed theory of Darwin. The various acts of animals that many have seen fit to call reasonable acts are explained with convincing certainty. The work is handled in such a manner that it is not only readable, but unusually in- structive. The latter treatise lives up to its title — it is all about animals and their behavior. It leaves no doubt in our minds that while lower creatures possess simple imagination and sense memory, there is not an iota of reason involved in any of their acts. Many fine instances, personally observed by the writer and others, are used to show just why the animal does not and can- not act through the use of reason. " The Campion " is a credit to its staff, and reflects in no uncertain light the high degree of learning that obtains at Campion College. " The Laurel " has the The Laurel following to say of our April number: THE REDWOOD (Santa Clara, Cal.) has maintained a high standard of lit- erary excellence during the past few months. Its attractive appearance, the neat and orderly arrangement of mate- rial, and the uniform excellence of its literary contributions all bespeak good management by the staff and hearty cooperation on the part of the student body. The April Number presents sev- eral choice compositions. A prize ora- tion, treating of the Smith-Towner Bill, is calculated, not only to explain this proposed legislation but also to con- vince an audience that such a law would be undemocratic and unconsti- tutional, an infringement upon State Rights and a menace to American edu- cation. The Oration " Lest We Forget " , makes a stirring appeal for more effi- cient work on the part of the federal government in the care of disabled sol- diers. " An Alaskan Road " is a pretty bit of description with an historical background. It is both pleasing and instructive. The appreciation, " Kevin Gerard Barry " , an Irish patriot, is well written. This article gives a very clear account of the life, patriotic service and execution of this beloved son of Ire- land who, as many have done before him, gave his life in defending the Faith and the rights of his country. Of the poems in this number, we most en- joyed " One " , and " To a Forty-niner " . 3 c 3 B ■Si » Pi -;3 oi o t; 42 - z S x 6 5 The athletic situation at the Univer- sity of Santa Clara was a source of great worry and a cause of much spec- ulation to the students themselves, as well as the followers of the Alma Mater at the beginning of the present college year. The rumor had been spread about the campus that there would be no football team to represent the Red and White on the gridiron the coming season, and, if there was to be a team, no college competition would be in- dulged in. Needless to say, the spirit of the entire Student Body had about reached the zero point, and Old Man Gloom stalked the campus. Then came the momentous occasion that stirred the dormant spirit to a liv- ing flame. Father Maher, the Presi- dent, in his first address to the stu- dents, came forth with the glad tidings that there was to be a football team at Santa Clara this year, and moreover that Santa Clara would not be without a representative in the College Con- ference. He also expressed the policy to be followed during the season ; namely, that there would not be a strong schedule, and that the entire football energy would be directed to- wards building up a football team for the coming years. So, this is the Re- construction Period of Athletics at Santa Clara. As before stated, up to the time Father Maher descended upon us with his thunderbolt, the student " pep " had just about been extinguished. And good cause for dejection they had. But the fighting spirit, that old traditional " pep " of Santa Clara, could not be kept down. Under the guidance of " Fat " Ferrario and Caesar Manelli, both ex-captains of the Santa Clara Varsity, and this year ' s captain, George Noll, the candidates turned out every afternoon in the moleskins to kick the leather ellipsoid around and get a little condition. But still there was a great problem facing the Student Body. As yet there had been no coach obtained, and the need of one was very pressing. Robert Harmon, last year ' s coach, had left California to return to his native State, Illinois, to practice law, which left the position of football mentor vacant. Here again the faculty came to our help, and the services of J. C. Bucking- ham were obtained. Mr. Buckingham is a man of great football ability, having played tackle on the Princeton eleven from 1900 to 1904. After a most successful career as a player he took up coaching, and has met with the same phenomenal suc- cess in this line. Mr. Buckingham coached the Colorado School of Mines for three years, turning out some of the best teams seen at that college for many a year. When the war broke out, " Buck " donned the khaki and went overseas as coach of one of the service teams. On 55 56 THE REDWOOD his return to the States he secured the position of coach at the Memphis Uni- versity. Here again his great ability in this line became evident, for the Memphis University won a champion- ship under his guidance. So it is easily seen that Santa Clara secured one of the best men that could be wished for to guide the destinies of her football team. Besides his wonder- ful coaching abilities, Mr. Bucking- ham has the chief requisite that all football coaches must have. This is a charming personality. He is straight- forward, cheerful and always willing to do anything in his power to help his men. He has a great knowledge of human nature, and is always ready with a helping hand to aid in any pos- sible way. Needless to say, the men of this team realize that they have a true man, as well as a coach, and he is not only rec- ognized as a coach, but a man among men. Never before has such a spirit of good feeling existed between teacher and pupils of the football game at Santa Clara, and the whole Student Body is behind Coach Buckingham. Upon the arrival of the coach, prac- tice was started with renewed vigor, and a large squad turned out to cap- ture berths on the Varsity. Besides a large number of last year men, a quan- tity of new material appeared on the Mission turf for inspection by the new mentor. The last year men who appeared again are : Fat Ferrario, Andy Kerck- hoff, Stud Noll, Caesar Manelli, John- nie Logan, Tom Crowe, Spud Murphy, Tom Bannan, Jawn Lewis, Abie Abra- hamsen, Paul Reddy and Bob Duff. There was also a large turnout of new men, many here at Santa Clara for their first year. Coach Bucking- ham found quite a bit of very good football material amongst this squad of new arrivals, and also discovered some very promising aspirants in men who had been at Santa Clara a num- ber of years, but had not turned out for football until this season. An- other evidence of " pep " and school spirit, by the way. Some of the new men that turned out are : ' ' Runt ' ' Rianda, Bill Worth, Bob Guthrie, Andy Anderson, " Fuzzy " Fosdyke, " Moose " Fawke, Hal Toso, " Henreh " Brown, Ray Shelloe, Bill Costello, Tim Sullivan, Heine Heins- man, " Hull " Hulsman, Red Mullender, Nick Yudnich, " Rosie " Sheehan, Red Tinney, " Enrique " Linares, and Phil Lynch. Out of this large assembly of willing workers Coach Buckingham has picked out some stars, that will be widely known in a short time. From the squad the coach selected his first string players, which include: Crowe and Worth, centers; Ferrario, Lewis and Heinzman, guards ; Captain Noll, Murphy, Duff, and Fosdyke, tackles; Logan, Kerckhoff, Bannon, and Reddy, ends. The backfield is made up of a very fast, hard-hitting aggregation, composed of Rianda, Manelli and Toso, halfbacks; Abra- hamsen and Guthrie at quarter, and Fawke filling the position of fullback. Upon inspection of the team, it is found that Santa Clara has a team worthy of representing her, and up- holding the old football traditions. Although many of the men have never played college football before, they have shown that they are made of the stuff that creates football players. The line is made up of veterans of last year, and has surely held their opponents to a standstill in every game this season. In every encoimter this year, on the defensive, the line has held like a stone M all against the bucking of the oppos- ing teams; and when on the offensive has made holes large enough to drive motor trucks through the visitors ' line. The work of the tackles, Noll and Murphy, has been extraordinary in breaking through the opposition and nailing the backfield, while Ferrario and Lewis have done their share in breaking up plays. Kerckhoff and Logan have been playing stellar games at end. Andy Kerckhoff is noted for breaking up interference, and never does a play start around his end with- THE REDWOOD 57 out being smashed in its infancy. On the other end, Logan is equally valu- able, and when it comes to snaring passes out of the blue ether, well, we have to hand it to Johnnie. Crowe has been doing exceptionally fine work at center, and his passing is worthy of note. He is also a very handy man on the defensive. The backfield, composed of Rianda, left halfback, Manelli, right half, Fawke, fullback, and Abrahamsen at quarter, has also a great deal of praise coming to it. With the aid of the strong line, they have very seldom failed to carry the leather egg through the opposing line or around end for large gains. In Rianda, Coach Buckingham has discovered a player of great ability. This is his first year at football, and judging from his performances on the turf one is led to believe that he has been playing the game for a number of years. Though he has been at the Uni- versity for four years, having regis- tered from Gonzales, he did not turn out for a berth on the Varsity Football team. He has distinguished himself on the cinder path and the diamond, hav- ing won cups at the Pentathlon every year he has competed. He has a knack of picking holes in the line and is a very hard man to stop, for it seems he is never down. He is a great factor in making yardage, and on the defensive nothing goes by him. Manelli, captain of last year ' s Var- sity, is playing right halfback, and makes an excellent running mate for Rianda. Besides having a great deal of experience, Manelli lias football abil- it3 He is a good line plunger, and of great w orth to Coach Buckingham. Abrahamsen at quarter is another veteran of last year, though he did not secure a place on the Varsity. Although not having had a great deal of experi- ence, Abie is showing up well at shout- ing the signals, and giving encoiirage- ment to his team mates. Pawke is another new man on the Santa Clara football team, though he was a member of both the baseball and basket-ball squads of last year. Moose fills the position of fullback well, and has a good boot that comes in handy. He is a large man, being about six feet tall, and weighing near the 210 pound mark. He hits a line with pile driver force, and is responsible for many of the Santa Claran ' s big gains. In conformity with the policy as outlined by the Athletic Board of Con- trol, a light schedule was secured by Graduate Manager James B. O ' Connor. This schedule did not contain any inter- collegiate games ; yet the adversaries of Santa Clara were to be all club teams; except one college team, Davis Agricul- tural College. S. C. Varsity, 73 Antioch, The first game of the season was played on the Mission Field against the Antioch Athletic Club, on the after- noon of October second. This being the first appearance of the Varsity this season, there was a large crowd on hand to find out just what Coach Buck- ingham had been doling out to the boys. From the very outset the Red and White warriors had the edge on the club members from the northern neck o ' the woods. The Santa Clara line tore huge holes in the opposition, and after a few moments of play the score- l)oard began to take on the aspect of a taximeter, such was the speed with which the Missionites tallied. In the first half Hal Toso racked up three touchdowns. The forward passing of Manelli ; and the snagging of the old pigskin from the " on high " by John Logan were the features of the first .-tpasm. At the end of said first half the score stood 34-0 in favor of the Varsity. In the second half the crowd was given many occasions for rising from their seats in breathless wonder at the characteristic completion of forward passing. Manelli to Logan was a by- word which meant a forward pass, and fifteen or twenty yards gained. It proved to be a wise step taken by Coach Buckingham when he moved 58 THE REDWOOD Manelli from the line to a halfback position, for Caesar surely did shoot the pill in grand style. The visitors seem to be in poor con- dition, for the water boys were kept " on the hop " throughout the game, giving aid to the clubmen. Every few minutes the referee would blow his lit- tle whistle for time-out, and tlie " aqua " would be trotted out, or some- one carried off. Owing to a slight injury which might have proved serious. Coach Bucking- ham put Sullivan in at guard to relieve Ferrario, who sustained a sprain in the region of his husky shoulders. " Fat " was there with the same old fight he has been displaying for the last four years on the Varsity, and proved him- self to be one of the most valuable men on the team. Well, the game ended with Santa Clara on the long end of a 73-0 score. In addressing the students the even- ing after the game, the coach expressed himself as being highly pleased with the showing made by his men in their initial contest, and the students pro- claimed their sentiments by joining Yell Leader " Pop " Rethers in a few lusty yells. S. 0. Varsity, 7 S. F. Post. No. 40 American Legion, Great preparations were made for this tussle, as it was " doped out by the dopesters " that this was to be the acid test for the Santa Clarans. The Monday following the Antioch game, the men took a rest, but Tuesday the old grind started again, with renewed vim. The " buddies " were cracked up to be a strong aggregation, and events seemed to bear out the opinion. They had held the strong Olympic Club team to a 0-0 tie, which spoke very well of their football prowess, and as a con- sequence, practice took on a more bus- iness like aspect at the Mission turf. The entire squad was put on a training table, and a diet, or rather menu, of Buck Buckingham ' s making was strict- ly adhered to. Many of the boys fa- vorite dishes were denied them and the results of the strict training were ob- vious in the game the following Sun- day, October 9th. From the moment that the whistle started the game, the ball made fre- quent trips up and down the field, car- ried by both teams. The whole quarter was a parade from ten yard line to ten yard line, with neither team putting the leather egg over. Several fumbles in this period proved costly to Santa Clara, when the wearers of the Red and White were in striking distance of their opponents goal. The timekeeper " did his stuff " after the usual fifteen minutes, however, and the score stood 0-0, with both teams on an equal foot- ing. In the second quarter the Santa Clarans started off with a mad rush that threatened to end up between the base and end lines. Four consecutive times they made their yardage, by bucking the line, forward passing, and cross bucks. Then, as the Fates would have it, a fumble put the ball in the hands of the " buddies " , who punted to safety, thereby transferring the scene of action to the other end of the field. Here the crowd got their thrill. Hoffman, right end of the ex-service mens team, brought the ball within six j ards of the goal line on a forward pass. Here the old fighting spirit came to the fore, and the Missionites line held like a stonewall. The half ended here, and the old score board still registered 0-0. The third quarter was a repetition of the first, neither team making much headway. It was another exemplifica- tion of the balance. A few yards one way, and then a few the other, and not meaning anything as far as racking up a few points went. The Missionites went into the last quarter determined to " do or die " . They worked the " leather egg " down to within a striking distance of the Legion line, and then came more line bucking. Then the catastrophe — for the Legion ! A perfect forward pass by Manelli to Logan, who had romped across the chalk line rang up the old THE REDWOOD 59 six points that the boys had been clam- oring for. It was one of the neatest pieces of open football seen around " these here parts " for a long time. Then our husky little ( ?) Fat Ferrario kicked the goal, adding one more point. With two minutes to play the Santa Clarans took the pill again, and were on their way to a repetition of the aforementioned trick when the time-keeper again " did his stuff " , and ended the fracas. Score, 7-0. It was in this game that a new dis- covery was made by Coach Bucking- ham in the personage of one " Runt " Rianda. For a youngster, and one prac- tically in his initial football perform- ance, Rianda surely pulled down the spot light. Through the effective work on the part of the Santa Clara line, he made large runs, eeling his way through the Legion tacklers. He would seem to be down under a pile, M hen out from under, he would start a mad dash down the field and make a few more yards. Always instrumental in the making of the Missionites yard- age, he played a wonderful game from every angle, and when he has had one season ' s experience to his credit, he ought to be worth a great deal to any college eleven. The making of holes in the Legion ' s line was accomplished by the sensa- tional work of Ferrario, Capt. Noll, Crowe, and Lewis, while Murphy and Kerckhoff starred at nailing the oppos- ing players in their tracks behind their own line. Logan as usual, showed his ability at completing forward passes, and Manelli showed that he can still throw the ball with the same old speed and accuracy. Fawke, at full back, hit the line like a freight train, and did some nifty punting. The only man on the Legion team that caused the Santa Clarans any great trouble was Quarterback Cole- man. Sprott at left half also showed up well for the visitors. He is a brother of Pesky Sprott of Blue and Gold fame. Seems as if he is just a member of a good football family. Well, Santa Clara upset the dope, as it was peddled on the outside. Shortly before the game one of the Legion men stated very humbly that they did not expect to beat us by more than 25-0. But, they cannot be blamed. They held the Olympics to a scoreless tie, and that was heralded as a noteworthy feat by the " big guns " of the football realm. Santa Clara passed the acid test one hundred per cent, and turned in a bet- ter score than the Winged " 0 " club- men did, which all goes to prove that fight and " pep " , and a good coach will accomplish wonders. S. C. Varsity 48 Davis Saturday, Oct. 15, the Davis Aggies journeyed to Santa Clara to pit their football ability against the Mission Varsity. This game being the only college encounter on the schedule, great expectancy was manifested around the campus as to the outcome of the game. Through the week following the Le- gion game, the team indulged in light practise every afternoon, and on Fri- day evening. Coach Buckingham pro- nounced his charges ready for the fray. The game was called at 2 :30, and the Aggies got off to a good start. The fullback of the visitors team caught a forward pass, and started a spectacu- lar run. His dash was of short dura- tion, however, as one of the Santa Clara men made a very neat tackle, and what might have been a noteworthy feat was nipped in the bud. This was the start and finish of the Davis of- fensive. From then on, the Mission- ites were the aggressors. No time was lost by the Santa Cla- rans in putting over the initial touch- down. " Abie " Abrahamsen, the Red and White sorrel-topped quarterback, carried the ball over, by a line buck. Ferrario kicked the goal, and Santa Clara had the edge, 7-0. After the sec- ond kick-off, the line started its old tactics of making huge holes, and Ma- nelli and Toso merely romped through with the old pigskin for huge gains. After a series of line bucks, Manelli 60 THE REDWOOD followed in the wake of Abrahamsen, and added another touchdown to the first seven points. Fat Ferrario again converted. This ended the first quar- ter, with Santa Clara well out in front with a fourteen point lead over the Aggies. Score, 14-0. The Red and White team started the second quarter like a whirlwind, on a forward pass. Logan was nailed after making a beautiful catch, but the yard- age had been made, and a few minutes later Fawke dashed over the chalk mark for another touchdown. After a few more plays in the second spasm, Abrahamsen again carried the leather pellet over for six more points. Ferra- rio converted both times, and the half ended. Score, 28-0. The last half was a one-sided affair, with the Aggie lads fighting every inch of the way, but unable to withstand the onslaughts of the Missionites. At times the Davis line held, but persist- ent bucking finally weakened them, and they broke. Toso and Duff had started in the places of Rianda and Noll, but Coach Buckingham sent both his stars into the game with the be- ginning of the second half, for a work- out. The presence of both these men was at once noticeable. Rianda started his old tactics, plunging through for huge gains, and Noll distinguished him- self at the tackle position. In this frame Manelli again crossed the goal line and Ferrario, as usual, converted. After a few minutes more of play, the timekeeper stated with his little Colt that the period had gone far enough, so the third quarter became a thing of the past to be played over again in the Hot Stove League. In the fourth quarter Fawke, the big full-back, distinguished himself as a line plunger, for he hung up another score after a few minutes of play. After Ferrario ' s customary, or rather habitual, conversion, the game re- solved itself into a fight against time for another score. Davis got posses- sion of the ball, on the event of Santa Clara for the first time failing to make their yardage, and play immediately opened up. Three forward passes by the Aggies failed, and on the fourth at- tempt, Fawke grabbed the ball from the high altitudes, and ran 30 yards for a touchdown, with the aid of some wonderful interference. Ferrario must have been tired of connecting, for he missed his kick by a few inches, and the score stood 48-0, Santa Clara on top. The game ended a few minutes after, with more glory heaped on the Mission Eleven. This was the third game of the sea- son, and the Varsity had piled up the sum of 128 points while their oppon- ents had yet to cross the Red and White goal line. S. C. Varsity 41 Agnetian Club The fourth fracas to be entered into by the Santa Clara Varsity took place on the afternoon of Sunday, Oct. 23. The opponents in this battle were the well-known Agnetian Club eleven, of San Francisco. From the first kick-off the Santa Clarans started with straight football, tearing through the clubmen ' s line at will. Crowe and Lewis did noteworthy work on the Red and White line, tear- ing huge holes in the opposition, through Avhich Manelli and Rianda romped almost at will. A cross buck by Manelli tacked up the first score, and Ferrario " did his act " by kicking the goal. About five minutes later " Runt " Rianda went through for an- other tally, and again the " Phat one " converted. The whistle ended the quarter here, and Santa Clara held the lead, 14-0. The Agnetian eleven " opened up " at the beginning of the second half, by completing two forward passes. On the third attempt, Manelli intercepted the leather egg, and ran fifty yards to a touchdown. This seemed to disheart- en the visitors, for a few minutes later Quarterback Abrahamsen romped over again. Two more conversions to Fer- rario ' s credit and the half ended. Score, 28-0. Coach Buckingham then decided that Bob Duff should do a little work, so THE REDWOOD 61 the red-topped boy went in to take Noll ' s place, where he showed up well. I n the last half he was replaced by Sullivan. Tn the third and fourth quarters, the Missionites put over two more touch- downs, whiqji ran the total score up to 41. While the Santa Clarans were angling ' for another score via the aerial route, Scholz, the Agnetian quarter- back, and former Santa Clara Rugby star, intercepted the pass, and started a run that had a dangerous aspect, as iar as scoring went. He was nailed after he had gone about ten yards, however, and after that the Mission goal line was never in danger of being crossed. PREP. FOOTBALL Coach Thomas W. Kenny, formerly of Pittsburg and Duquesne Universi- ties, called forth his valiant Prep war- riors late in the month of August, and thereby got the jump on the other High Schools of the state. Every man on the squad is a veteran, or at least has a year or more experience to his credit. Besides Captain Haley the old men are: Malley, Nock, Ronstadt, Ford, Shultz, Giarabastiani, Karam. Oneal, Randazzo, Temple, Ackle, Smith. Hal- loran, Geoghegan, Whitfield, ' Malley, AVhite, Martin, and Sheehan, while the new men are Egan. Walker, Hook, Reed, McCormick, Daily, Morrison, and Janney. With these men, Coach Kenny immediately began to develop what has turned out to be the greatest Prep football team Santa Clara has ever known. With the calling of the first practice, a battle for berths on the first squad began, and the season having progressed this far sees Ronstadt in his former position at center. Nock, Ford and Shultz are alternating as guards. Karam, Oneal, and Walker take care of the tackles, and Malley. last year ' s captain, and Martin handle the ends. Tommy Temple, star end, was badly in- jured early in the season, and the .Preps were entirely deprived of his in- valuable services. In the backfield, Egan, captain of last year ' s Midgets, runs the team at quarter. Captain Ha- ley is fullback and Halloran and Geo- ghegan run at half. " Ox " Whitfield, a star half-back of last year was taken seriously ill, and the Preps lost anoth- er star for the season. For three weeks stiff practise and hard scrimmages were gone through every afternoon and Coach Kenny, pre- ferring an open and fast game to the old style of straight football, perfected the end runs and forward passes. He strengthened every department, both for the offense, and for the defense. Fullback Haley is the possessor of the educated toe, a thrower _of long passes, and a terrific line plunger. He backs up the line on the defense in a fashion that plays havoc with the opponents. Quarterback Egan is a remarkable passer, is brainy, has plenty of speed, and specializes at running back punts. Halloran, who parks at right-half, is a fast and brilliant open field runner, a sure and hard-hitting tackier, and (]uite an able line plunger. On the line Ronstadt at center, is a valuable man in the defense and is second to none when it comes to snapping them to the waiting backs. Nock, Shultz and Ford are stone walls on the defense, and have the faculty of putting large holes in the opposition. Karam, at one tackle, although no heavyweight, is an exceedingly fast and clever player, and is a great asset to the line, while Oneal, who plays the other, is a fight- er, through and through, and always finds himself in every play. Malley and Temple are wonderful ends. Both fre fast men and as the recipients of passes, are excelled by none. Martin, who has been playing in the place of the injured Temple, has a great burst of speed, and is a tackier supreme. Smith, McCormick, Baily, Sheehan, Walker, Giambastiani, Hook, Ackel and White are well-nigh on to first string men, and can take the place of the regulars at any time. So, after three weeks of practise, the team was primed for action. On the eve of the first game, which 62 THE REDWOOD was with Sacred Heart, an informal rally was held, and the Prep Student Body wished every good Inck to the squad. Preps 72 Sacred Heart A large crowd gathered at the Var- sity field on the 24th of September, and watched the Preps walk all over their San Francisco brethren. Santa Clara had little or no trouble executing passes at will, running the ends for large gains, and plunging fifteen and twenty yards through the line at a crack. In all, a wonderful offensive, and with the exc eption of failing to break up passes, a strong defense was offered. The line held like a wall of ada- mant, and with the ends in nearly every play, the back field had very little tackling to do. However, the Sacred Heart youths threw a scare into the Missionites by completing four out of six passes in the third quarter, bring- ing the ball to the fifteen yard line. But that was their limit, as the Preps buckled, held the opponents for downs, and in four plays, made another touch- down. Honors in making touchdowns were even between Halloran and Geo- ghegan, each scoring 3. Haley, Egan, Smith, Malley and Temple each scored one. The result of the game showed that the Preps were bound to go through a successful season. The following was the line-up: C, Ronstadt: L. G., Shultz ; R. G., Nock; L. T., Karam; R. T., Walker; L. E.. Malley; R. E., Temple; Q. B.. Egan; R. H., Halloran; L. H., Geoghegan ; F. B., Haley (Capt.). Officials : Logan, referee ; Crowe, umpire ; Curley, head linesman. Preps 32 Alameda The fighting Alameda crew came ■with the single intention of bringing home the bacon, but they brought home nothing more than a goose egg. The Preps received, and immediately proceeded to wade through the oppo- sition until the twenty yard line was reached, where a fumble deprived them of the ball. Alameda booted far out of danger, but the Preps getting a firmer grip on the pigskin again marched down the field to the fifteen yard line, from where Halloran carried the egg across for the first time. He kicked his own goal. From then on the Preps Avere duplicating this, but in spite of the rather one-sided score, Alameda must be given much credit for their gritty showing. They were outclassed however, in every department of the game. At no stage of the fray were they even dangerous, and all of their plays were literally smeared while they were in their infancy. Out of at least ten attempts at forward passing, not even one was completed so thoroughly had Coach Kenny drilled the Preps in breaking them up. On the other hand, only a few passes thrown by the Preps Avere unsuccessful. Not once did they even fail to make their doAvns. Hallo- ran, with several long rims and con- sistent gains, was the star performer of the day. Haley plunged the line for yardage time and again, while Egan ran the punts back, covering 20 and 30 yards without fail. Malley on the receiv- ing end of forward passes also did fine work, while Nock and Ronstadt shone on the line. Line-up: C, Ronstadt; R. G., Nock; L. G., Ford; R. T., Oneal ; L. T., Wal- ker; R. E., Temple; L. E., Malley; Q. B., Eofan; R. H., Halloran; L. H., Geo- ghegan; F. B., Haley (Capt.). Officials : Logan, referee ; Crowe, umpire ; Curley, head linesman. Preps 54 Watsonville On the eighth of October the Preps took their first trip of the season when they journeyed to Watsonville and met the strong aggregation represent- ing the Watsonville High School. The fast Missionites started out with a bang. Haley received the kick-off and ran the leathern egg up to the middle of the field. Then, quick as a flash, and without signal, Egan threw a long pass to Malley, and the latter raced down the gridiron for the first touch- down before the Watsonville gridders were aware of what it was all about. Halloran kicked the goal. It was soon THE REDWOOD 63 discovered, however, that trying to plunge through the heavy farmers line was like running into the fortress of Verdun. The Preps, undaunted, work- ed passes and end runs until the final crack of the pistol announced them Avinners by a fifty-four to nothing score. The aerial attack was used to very good advantage, and Malley, pick- ing the ball from the clear blue sky with hardly a miscue, was easily the star of the game. The Preps defense was impenetrable, Watsonville failing to make yardage of any account, and completing but one forward pass for a gain of two yards. The generalship of Egan was worthy of note, and Hal- loran made several long gains. Ford starred on the line by his fast and clev- er defensive playing. Line-up: C, Ronstadt; R. G., Nock; L. G., Ford; R. T., Walker; L. T., Ka- ram; R. E., Martin; L. E., Malley; Q. B., Egan; R. H., Halloran ; L. H., Geo- ghegan; F. B., Haley (Capt). Preps 56 Santa Rosa Junior College With two weeks rest and " rariu ' to go " the squad jaunted to Santa Rosa to meet the Junior College eleven. They looked forward to this as their tough- est game, but before a crowd of several hundred enthusiastic Santa Rosa sup- porters, the Junior College met bitter defeat for the first time this season at the hands of the Missionites by a score of 56-0. The Preps were not to be stopped, and end runs played an im- portant part in the victory. Haley re- ceived the kick-off, running the ball to the 60 yard line, and a series of bucks and end runs brought it within fif- teen yards of their goal, from where an end run brought the first score. Hal- loran kicked the goal. After this it was kick to Santa Rosa, hold them, and then score another touchdown. How- ever the score does not do justice to the opposition, because the Junior Col- lege had an offensive which caused the Preps no end of trouble. On several occasions they brought the pigskin to within striking distance of the goal. But the Preps would dig in their cleats and recover the ball on downs. A note- worthy consistency in scoring Avas dis- played by the Preps. In each quarter 1 hey scored two touchdowns and kicked two goals, Halloran sending the ball between the goal-posts every time ex- cept the last, when Malley did the trick. Haley ' s line-plunging ability was responsible for two touchdowns and many gains, while the passing and head-work of Egan played an import- ant part in the victory. Halloran, aside from making long and consistent gains around left end, tore off a spectacular ninety-five yard run in the last quar- ter for a touchdown. Malley and Mar- tin at ends did remarkable tackling, and snared many a difficult pass. Nock, Oneal, and Karam along with Ronstadt and Ford formed a sterling line. Line-up: C, Ronstadt; R. G., Nock; L. G., Ford; R. T., Oneal; L. T., Karam; R. E., Martin; L. E., Malley; Q. B., Egan; R. H., Halloran, L. H., Geoghe- gan; F. B., Haley (Capt.). Preps 47 San Jose Normal Three days after the Santa Rosa game, the San Jose teachers invaded the Mission precincts to take out on the Preps the 13-0 defeat administered to them by the second varsity. They had trained hard for the game, and were confident of a vic- tory. But in spite of the good fight they put up, they Avere forced to be satisfied Avith the little goose egg that was their share of a 47-0 score. The Preps, although somewhat worn out by a strenuous week, did all that could possibly be expected of them. San Jose received, but only got as far as the fifty-five yard line when they were forced to punt, and the Preps gained possession of the ball. Then, as was quite natural, Halloran broke loose, and ran half the length of the field for a touchdown. He kicked his own goal. The game was limited, so the Preps Avorked fast, and in rapid succession carried the ball down the field for a few more scores during the first half. The second act was a repetition of the first, except that the aerial attack was 64 THE REDWOOD resorted to, which resulted in several more touchdowns. During the entire game, the Preps were not held for downs once, and were never in any danger of being scored upon. The Nor- mal made the first downs but twice. Once on straight football, and again on one of the two passes that were completed out of the eight attempted. Haley was, as usual, a stonewall on the defensive, and a pile-driver on the of- fensive. Halloran, with an 85 yard I ' un and a 55 yard run was the most spectacular performer. Egan was shifty and fast at running back punts, and on the line, Ronstadt, Malley and Ford starred. Line-up: C, Ronstadt; R. G., Nock; L. G., Ford ; R. T., Oneal ; L. T., Karam ; R. E., Martin; L. E., Malley; Q. B., Egan; R. H., Halloran; L. H., Geoghe- gan; F. B., Haley (Capt.). Officials : Bannan, referee ; Ferra- rio, umpire; Curley, head linesman. So far, the Preps have scored 261 points against for their opponents, or an average of 521 2 points per game for five games. For this remarkable showing, a great deal of credit must be given to Coach Kenny. The vim, the spirit and the fight that he infuses in- to the men have worked wonders with the team. Manager Dean, too, has Avorked unceasingly in order to make this year a success, especially by ar- ranging the best schedule the Preps have ever had. Two games remain to be played. The first is with Bates of San Francisco, the second with the Mt. Tamalpais Military Academy of San Rafael. Hopes are entertained, howev- er, that the challenge issued by Coach Kenny whereby the Preps offer to play any High School in the state for the championship, will be accepted. If it is, Santa Clara bids fair to have the next high school championship of the state. THE REDWOOD ST. IGNATIUS COLLEGE SAN FRANCISCO THE COLLEGE EMBRACES THE FOLLOWING DEPARTMENTS: A — The Department of Letters, Science and Philosophy. A course of four years leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science. B— The Department of Law. a course of four years leading to degree of Bachelor of Laws. C — The Premedical Department. A course of three years in Chemistry, Bacteriology, Biology and Anatomy, preparatory to study of Medicine. REV. PIUS L. MOORE, S. J., President The High School Department. A course of four years from the completion of the standard grammar schools and preparatory to College. THE REDWOOD REX THEATRE ' ' ■ i Zi ' ' ' ' ' - Always the Best Photoplays EBERHARD TANNING CO. Tanners, Curriers and Wool Pullers Harn«8S-Latigo and Lace Leather Sole and Upper Leatlier, Calf, Kip and Sheepskins Eberhard ' s Skirting Leather and Bark Woolskin SANTA CLARA, CALIFORNIA Pratt-Low Preserving Company -- PACKERS OF : HIGH GRADE CANNED FRUITS AND VEGETABLES SANTA CLARA CALIFORNIA VARGAS BROS. COMPANY GENERAL MERCHANDISE Lafayette and Franklin Streets SANTA CLARA, CAL. CENTURY ELECTRIC COMPANY OF SAN JOSE GENERAL ELECTRIC MOTORS EDISON MAZDA LAMPS Electrical Contracting and Estimating Phone S. J. 521 18 E. San Antonio St. A AI T Ar l7 Q Home-made Candies and Ice Cream VVJAJ l A llrO Light Lunches and Tamales Phone S. C. 36 1012 Franklin St., Santa Clara CLUB BAGS t l I J |H UMBRELLAS SUIT CASES - " ■l V - -L ' -L LEATHER PURSES SAN JOSE, CAL. NOVELTIES Canelo Bros. Stackhouse Co. THE REDWOOD The Hibernia Savings and Loan Society HIBERNIA BANK Incorporated 1864 Corner Market, McAllister and Jones Streets San Francisco Assets - - $75,995,354.10 Reserve Fund 2,782,437.92 Number of Depositors 78,982 Open daily from 10 a. m. to 3 p. m. Saturdays from 10 a. m. to 12 m. Open Saturday evenings from 6 to 8 o ' clock for deposits only. Attention Students! The Book Store is Your Store. It is conducted for the Benefit of the Student Body. Our Motto Is : If we haven ' t got it, we ' ll try our best to get it. THE REDWOOD A Place to Meet Eat and Treat Candies IMPERIAL CLEANERS " We Clean Everything " Urbani Walsh Phone 131-W 963 Washington Street Santa Clara STRATFORD SHOP EXCLUSIVE AGENTS FOR Stratford Clothes Manhattan Shirts Knox Hats Phoenix Hosiery 19 South First Street - - - San Jose " Stylish Clothes for Young Men " " In San Jose it ' s Herold ' s for Shoes ' Shoes and Oxfords for Winter Collegiate Wear HEROLD ' S 18 to 26 East Santa Clara St. Florsheim Black or Tan Scotch Grain THE REDWOOD t rtSchaf!h LMarx Clothes Hart Schaffner Marx A name that stands for all that ' s good in young men ' s clothes. For sale by prtng a Santa Clara and Market Sts., San Jose, Cal. y IMPERIAL DYEING andCLEANINO W6Ei SAN JOSE ' S MASTER i 1;™4| San Jose, Cal. CLEANERS DYERS WEm Phone: San Jose 206 CALIFENE Best for Shortening. Made in California. CALINUT A delicious spread for bread. TO BE HAD AT ANY GROCERY A. G. COL CO. Wholesale Commission Merchants Telephone San Jose 309 201-221 North Market Street San Jose, Cal. THE REDWOOD Boys! Do You Remember GLEASON ' S LUNCH ROOM Just Re-opened at 1030 Franklin St. Home Cooking Reasonable Prices Read the= Sunspof s Weather Forecast A. J. OSWALD Cigars, Candies, Hot Tamales Mrs. Briscoe ' s Cakes Wedding and Birthday Cakes a specialty 1 1 89 Franklin St. Santa Clara Phone 119-W When in San Jose, Visit CHARGINS ' Restaurant, Grill and Oyster House Headquarters for College Boys 28-30 Fountain Street Bet. First and Second San Jose Pastime Billiard Parlors Cigars, Candies Soft Drinks 39 NORTH FIRST STREET SAN JOSE, CAL. S. J. 824 LITCHFIELD VOLKE, PROPS. For Smokes and Soft Drinks SEE KELLEY THE REDWOOD PATRONIZE Phone Santa Clara 240W " The Little Store with the Big Stock " University L. A. MEAD Barbers JEWELER and WATCHMAKER " Th« Man that does your work with a Guarantee " J. D. TRUAX, Proprietor Mounting and re-setting Diamonds a Specialty 976 Main Street. Santa Clara Franklin Street, Santa Clara, Cal. F. O. ROLL Real Estate and Insurance Call and See Me if You Want Anything in My Line Mission Electrical Company g « House Wiring l Repairing, Fixtures i Appliances, Supplies i Jobbing, Motors 1129 Franklin St. Santa Clara 1054 Franklin St. H. J. FRIEDRICHS Santa Clara Phone S. C. 74-J United John A. Lennon Shoe Repairers Importer and Wholesale Grocer 988 Main Street Santa Clara Candles Prop. Billy Walsh SAN FRANCISCO FRANK SORIA B. F. ROLL LATEST LINE OF Dealer In Gents ' Furnishings Fuel, Feed and Plasterers ' Materials SHOES AND JEWELRY Sacks not included in sale 1 164 Franklin St. Santa Clara Franklin Street Santa Clara Phone Santa Clara 42-R THE REDWOOD EoterpriseLauiKlrjCo. Perfect Satisfaction Guaranteed All Kinds of Cleaning, Dyeing and Pressing 867 Sherman Street Telephone 126 Alderman ' s NEWS AGENCY Stationery, Blanlc Books, Etc. Cigars and Tobaccos Baseball and Sporting Goods Fountain Pens of AH Kinds Next to Postoffice SANTA CLARA Manuel Mello Dealer in BOOTS and SHOES 940 Franklin Street Santa Clara Frani lin St. Clara C • t Frani Sanitary " " Barber Shop Three Barbers p. Laviano, Prop. No Waiting SANTA CLARA BRANCH Garden City Bank Trust Co. Commercial, Savings and Trust We Solicit Your Patronage H. L. Warburton, Mgr. L. G. Fatjo. Asst. Mgr 36-38NorrivFirs.t frccf When Thirsty See FERNISH ' S ICE CREAM PARLOR And get a Refreshing Drink to quench your thirst Everything is the Best Money Can Buy Doirs Home Bakery A. DOLL, Proprietor Special for the Holidays: Home- made Mince and Pumpkin Pies Phone Santa Clara 93-R 1022 Franklin Street Santa Clara THE REDWOOD THE JOURNAL PUBLISHED SEMI-WEEKLY A Home Paper with all the Home News, $2.50 a year OUR JOB PRINTING Franklin Street PRE-EMINENTLY SUPERIOR ganta Clara, Cal. Say " Merry Christmas " with a Photograph A photograph conveys an expression of sentiment that can be reah ' zed in no other way. There is something personal about a photograph, something big, something real and genuine. PHOTO CO. HALF RATES TO STUDENTS 41 NortK First Street, San Jose, Cal. Phone S- J- THE REDWOOD Phones Office: S. C. 19 Home: S. C. 19 DR. G. W. J. FOWLER Physician and Surgeon Office hours: 10 to 11 «.in., 2 to 4 and 7 to 8 p.m. Franck Building Santa Clara, Cal. Dr. J. IRVING BEATTIE Offices: Main and Benton Streets SANTA CLARA Office hours: 1 to 4 p. m. Sundays and Holidays 10 to 11 a. m. Phone Santa Clara 27 FRED C. GERLACH. M. D. Physician and Surgeon Office Hours: 2 to 4 p.m. LETITIA BUILDING SAN JOSE, CAL. Phone S. J. 2808 Residence Phone S. J. 3304 G. Jos. Arellano Dealer In Choice Cut Flowers and Healthy Plants; Lawns and City Beautiful Window Boxes a specialty 647 Fell St. San Francisco Phone Market 8071 See that McCabe is in your Hat MaddeiVs Pharmacy PRESCRIPTION EXPERTS 1072 Franklin Street Santa Clara, Cal. M. S. FURTADO, Proprietor The Mission Barber Shop 811 Franklin Street Santa Clara, Cal. Dr. J. R. Fowler DENTIST Phone Santa Clara 37-J Hours 9 to 12, 1 to 5 Ollice: Rooms 6, 7, 8 Bank of Italy BIdg, Santa Clara, California Dr. KNEASS Dentist Hours: 9 a.m. to 6 p.m., 7 to 8 p.m. Telephone S. J. 783 IVA S. First Street San Jose Try the New Double- Action Heater University Electric Company Phone: Santa Clara 2 14-R THE REDWOOD IT STANDS FOR QUALITY. IT MEANS " OFFICIAL. " IT INSPIRFS CONFIDENCE. IT GUARANTEES SATISFACTI ON. WHAT DOES? ' THAT TRADE MARK ON ATHLETIC EQUIPMENT. Everything for the Athlete A. G. SPALDING BROS. 156-158 Geary Street San Francisco 416 Fourteenth Street Oakland COLLEGE OF NOTRE DAME and NOTRE DAME HIGH SCHOOL Boarding and Day Departments ACCREDITED TO UNIVERSITY Of San Jose, California CALIFORNIA Collegiate Course— Four years. leading to Degrees in Art, Science, Letters. High School Course— Accredited to State University and Normal Schools. Grammar Department— Through all the grades. Secretarial Department— Complete course leading to diploma. College of iMusic— Leading to degree. i or Bulletin address SISTER SUPERIOR CONTENTS BETHLEHEM (Verse) AS WE READ BEYOND BETHLEHEM (Verse) LIBERTY AIRCRAFT ENGINE NATURE ' S CHRISTMAS rVerse) THE REGENERATION OF LORIMER THE STRONG WEST (Verse) THE END OF THE TRAIL SNOWFLAKE FAIRIES (Verse) THE NOBILITY OF DON JAUN EDITORIALS CHRONICLE ALUMNI EXCHANGES ATHLETICS - - - Martin M. Murphy George D. Pancera A. J. Steiss, Jr. Harry E. Hill Jos. F. Rank Charles R. Boden Edwin Coolidge, ' 92 Jas. W. Humphry Donald J. Pierr A. J. Steiss, Jr. 70 75 76 80 81 84 85 89 92 102 110 STUDENT BODY OFFICERS TA TSc itotocC Entered Dec. 18, 1902. at Santa Clara, Cal., as second-class matter, under Act of Congress of March 3. 1879 SANTA CLARA, CAL., DECEMBER, 1921 VOL. XXI NO. 2 Bethlehem MARTIN M. MURPHY HREE Koly wise men from afar Ride breathless toward a distant star, For FaitK and Hope reveal to them A silver Kill in Bethlehem, Where God lies in a manger. The flames of pastoral fires die, And the grey flocks in starlight lie, For the shepherds from the hills around Felt love leap in them when they found A Child lain in a manger. And Mary, though the flower of grace, Withers before the Triune Face, But nurses. Whom she fears to name, The little God of Bethlehem. 65 As We Read George D. Pancera NOWLEDGE IS power ! This is a platitude dull, trite, insipid, so old and familiar that it is, figura- tively speaking, frayed at the edges and rent at the seams. Well-directed reading is the main- spring of knowledge ! This may or may not be a platitude ; depending upon whether or not you cultivate your hair to conform to the Bolshevist require- ments, are associated with " new and superior thought " organizations or, peradventure, have a monomania for " free thought, " in which cases read- ing of any kind would be useless and a waste of time. Being tolerantly old-fashioned, how- ever, we hold to the veracity of our contention that we have expressed a truism, and consequently feel free to pass on to the discussion of reading and readers. Reading has been de- fined as the act by which one enters through his own sympathy and imagi- nation into the creative spirit of the writer. In so far as this definition ap- plies to the reading of literature, we can find no fault. It happily precludes any notion we may have entertained that reading is a mere assimilation of words or, in the case of literature, a process of seeking information about persons, things or events. However important these concomitant phases of the subject may be, they do not consti- tute the essence of reading. There are just two classes of readers that we are privileged to worry about. Not in the majority, but well repre- sented, is the know-it-all, omniscient in- dividual. He is sophisticated and ob- viously proud to acknowledge it. When he reads it is with an air of superiority and bored cynicism. Just as surely as he takes a book from the shelf he will, after a short survey, either pronounce it all buncombe or reconcile the con- tents to his own superior notions by his handy method of taking the sting out of the truth and imparting a softer meaning to pertinent words and phrases. So much for the minor divi- sion; an elaborate introduction and discussion of such a well-known type would be paradoxical. Lord Bacon, no doubt, had the sec- ond class in mind when he spoke of the " Idols of the market place, " whereby our newspapers and pet authors do our thinking for us. There are, and have been from times immemorial, people who will flaunt a journal or volume into the faces of their fellow men with a determined gesture that says more plainly than words that further argu- ment is useless in the face of this " authority. " The man who reads his daily sheet with the idea that its personnel is the truth incarnate, is very apt to find himself often pointed out as a fool, for to speak of the tyranny of the press is not to indulge in idle fancies. Pick up what newspaper you will and glance casually through its columns. It will tell you how to vote; clearly pointing 66 THE REDWOOD 67 out that any contrary view or choice you may have held is utterly absurd. Why, you are simply not capable of makinfi: a judicious choice unassisted and unadvised ! It is indisputable that the printed sheet is often a real menace to the pub- lic due to the sinister influence under- lying its glib lines. Only very recently the magazine section of our " Sunday edition " contained a glowing account of a female bandit ' s pistol duel with the police of Paris. The plucky fight and prior activities of the young wo- man were glorified in no uncertain terms. In fact it was a thrilling nar- ration — one that is apt to grip the un- wary reader and cause him to lay aside the sheet in a speculative mood. Per- haps we were even expected to feel just a pang of regret and shame that we, poor slaves to the law of God and man, had never ruffled our placid life by becoming implicated in a bold deed against society or having a sheriff ' s posse on our heels. Now we do not fa- vor deletion at the hands of the " long- haired " censor, but we do object to veneering ugliness and, antithetically, applying colors of fallacious hues to the wholesome surfaces of truth. The intelligent and well-informed reader is quick to know when he is be- ing drawn into a net of subtle propa- ganda that usually doesn ' t assay one ounce of truth to the ton. He recog- nizes no pet author, but reads the best indiscriminately. He is an analyst, rather than an open-mouthed all-ab- sorbing believer. That is to say, he is possessed of some knowledge of that which he reads; he has his own ideas and convictions, but they are never so incontrovertibly inscribed in his mind as to render him bigoted ly and unal- terably opposed to giving unbiased at- tention to the author. Very often he will find the writer expressing his own ideas, but just as frequently will feel prone to say, " Now I never thought of that in just that way, but I can readily see it is true. " While the greater percentage of us Americans, confine our reading in the main to the weeklies and newspapers, Ave must notwithstanding, place them second in importance to books. Books are among the greatest treasures of man. They serve a thousand and one purposes ; for some they mean the pur- suit of unlimited learning, for others a lifetime ' s enjoyment, for many food for meditation, and so we might go on indefinitely, without exhausting their service. Many of our foremost educators, in keeping with modern tendencies, are manifesting a strong revolutionary tendency towards book-learning — " book-memory, " they somewhat im- properly term it. For the sake of argument and in view of the fact that education in many instances has become a forced march through text-books, let it be granted that book-learning is in many respects deplorable; but, on the other hand, it is a time-proven fact that countless have suffered immeasurably because of its lack. Witness the case of Henry Ford. When the famed manufacturer sued the " Chicago Tribune " for libel, they succeeded, much to his discomfi- ture, in forcing him to testify on the witness stand. The testimony of the enigmatic Ford is too well known to re- quire reiteration, but let it be said most emphatically that his grotesque and absurd utterances were the resultant of a lack of book learning. Ford failed to visualize and attain the ordinary historical perspective that lies between 68 THE REDWOOD the covers of the school boy ' s history. Perhaps the savants can explain the gentleman ' s predicament on a different basis. To inquire into history is to find that some of our masters of literature have been openly hostile to books. Words- •H ' orth, it has been said, never read un- der any circumstances. Swineburne clipped the parts he considered worth while and threw the remainder of the volume away. Scott, on the contrary, was a crank in the presevation of his library in which he spent most of his time. Johnson never boujjht a book, yet frequently browsed in the libraries of his titled neighbors. We are not so much concerned with the genius, who only too often is guided by his eccentricities and temperament, as with the ordinary folk. Let us, in some measure, endeavor to feel the pulse of the American reading public. Towards which class of literature do we manifest the strongest penchant? Figures available for this year prove the " best seller " to be Sinclair Lewis ' " Main Street. " " Main Street! " — what is the attraction in such a work of fiction? Does the title in any wise account for its popularity? How came the American people to mount fiction on to the pedestal of highest esteem? We cannot deny that we lean towards fiction — or in other words, we read primarily for entertainment rather than edification. We only know this is true ; whether it is so because fiction deals with the most interesting factor — human life itself — we decline to spec- ulate on the plea of want of qualifica- tions. The first work of non-fiction is relegated to the fourteenth position in the 1921 records. We are capable of active self-deter- mination and in the act of free choice we may employ our time as we see fit, and we rightfully resent dictation in this respect; however, to devote too much time to reading, whatever be its kind, is more blameworthy than not to read at all — it is sheer indolence. No less despicable and worthy of censure is the mortal who delves into books for no other purpose than to use the knowledge acquired to attain af- fectation, which, while perhaps a social accomplishment, is a poor substitute for industrial activity. Who of us has not met the individual who reads for no other reason than to embarrass and harass his fellow men? Others read to borrow high sounding, flowery or figurative language, which may find favor with shallow cleverness or ostentation in gay society, but is useless as a standard of gauging suc- cess in lifCj Surely, none of these readers peruse literature from an ap- probative motive. Books have ever been the compan- ions of man, but just as there are good and bad companions, so there are good and bad books. More properly there are those that should be discard- ed from the outset, those that should be glanced at and, lastly, those that can and should be devoured. In general, we cannot afford to be too credulous in reading, or in any case over sceptical either. We must weigh and consider always and ultimately reject or accept in whole or in part. When we have learned well how to do this an art has been mastered. A post-graduate course in reading might be a humiliating experience to the ultra-wise, but some of us old-fash- ioned, unsophisticated folks might find it profitable and a pleasant awakening. Beyond Bethlehem A. J. STEISS, JR. EARS, Mar , on tKis blessed night? Upon tKe manger stealtny tears? Saint Joseph ' s eyes are taper-bright, For Mary is a font of light. Flowing down unbegotten years. Mother of Sorrows! you have woe That blinds the eyes of ecstasy. And simple Joseph may not know How in your soul the shadows grow Of purple-dewed Gethsemane. 69 Liberty Aircraft Engine Harry E. Hill HEN THE United States entered the war on April 6, 1917, there were only a few aeroplanes on hand and most of these belonged to individuals. Up to this time very little had been done in de- veloping a high-powered, efficient en- gine in this country. The Packard Motor Car Co. had been working on an engine for two years, which would de- velop 235 H. P. and weighed about 31 2 pounds per H. P. without radiator or water. This engine would be satis- factory in some phases of military work, but the power-weight ratio was too great to be of any value for a uni- versal military aircraft engine. England and France were, at this time, working on 37 and 45 different types of engines, respectively. Of all these engines the Rolls Royce was the most favorable. It developed about 350 H. P. and weighed about 4 pounds per H. P. The main objection to this en- gine was that it could not be turned out in large quantities. It was, how- ever, developed by European manufac- turers in small quantities, and was composed of a great many intricate parts which would be very hard to manufacture in quantity under Amer- ican production conditions. Commissions were sent abroad to investigate the conditions on the fir- ing line and also to bring back the latest developments in aircraft con- struction. It was not until May 29, 1917, when Mr. J. G. Vincent, Vice- President of the Packard Motor Car Co., and Mr. E. J. Hall of the Hall-Scott Motor Co., met at the New Willard Hotel at Washington, that any idea of the standardized aircraft engine was discussed. Valuable information was secured from the French and English Commis- sions in the United States at this time. It was found out that the engine would usually be run at a speed of 200 to 300 R. P. M. slower than the maximum rate. In view of this fact, it would be necessary to run a test under similar conditions. It was the usual practice to mount a propellor which would just hold the engine down to a maximum speed under full throttle. The engine would then be run for 50 hours in pe- riods of six to eight hours each, but the engine would not be run up to full speed for more than a total of ten hours during this entire period, nor, would it run for more than 30 minutes at any single time under this condition. The other 40 hours running was under throttle conditions, turning the pro- pellor 200 to 300 R. P. M. slower than the maximum speed. With this infor- mation the factors of safety could be lowered and light weight per H. P. could be obtained here just as well as in Europe. As both Mr. Vincent and Mr. Hall had considerable experience along en- gine lines, they each had a general idea as to what should be and what should not be in making an efficient engine. The first engine considered was of the 70 THE REDWOOD 71 8-cylinder type, set at an included angle of 45°. This angle was chosen so as to lessen vibration in the engine. The cylinders were to be of the individ- ual type, made out of steel forgings with jackets welded on. The bore was 5 inches and stroke 7 inches, giving a piston displacement of 1100 cubic inches. The crank shaft was of the 5- bearing type with all main bearings 2% inches in diameter, and all crank- pin bearings 2i 4 inches in diameter. The connecting rods were to be of the I-beam straddle-type. The engine was to be of the direct- driven type with a maximum speed of 1700 R. P. M. and would weigh about 525 pounds. The maximum output at 1700 B. P. M. was to be about 275 H. P. The gasoline consumption was calculat- ed to be about 0.50 pounds per H. P.- hour. The oil consumed was to be about 0.40 pounds per H. P.-hour. The completed engine with oil, water and fuel was to weigh about 675 pounds. The name " U. S. Standard Aircraft Engine " was put on all drawings. All the parts of the 8-and 12-cylinder en- gines were made interchangeable. The only difference between the 8 and the 12 was that the 12 required a longer crank-case, cam-shaft, crank-shaft, etc. The 12-cylinder motor would have a maximum of 410 H. P. and a weight of 710 pounds, or about 1.7 pounds per H. P. According to the reports received from the firing line it was decided to put the " 12 " into quantity production. It was at one of the meetings of the Aircraft Production Board that some- one suggested the " Liberty Engine. " The name " took " immediately and consequently all the titles on the draw- ings had to be changed. At this stage of the Liberty motor. Mr. Macauley, President of the Pack- ard Motor Car Co. offered the services of Mr. Vincent to the government for a period of three months, in order that he might complete the work that he had started. By rushing parts and fac- tories to their limits, the first sample of the Liberty Engine was delivered to the Bureau of Standards at Washing- ton on July 3, 1917, which was in rec- ord time. Additional samples of the " 8 " and " 12 " motors soon followed. The first sample 12-cylinder Liberty Motor finished its first official 50-hour run on August 25, 1917, in an elapsed time of 55 hours. The usual method was to run such tests in periods of 5 hours each, two being made each day. After careful consideration of the reports from abroad it was decided to put the 12-cylinder engine into quan- tity production and hold the 8-cylinder back as all demands from abroad called for about 400 H. P.. The first " produc- tion " 12-cylinder engine was delivered at the McCook Field, Dayton, Ohio, on Thanksgiving Day, 1917, but it should be kept in mind that this engine was only partially made from production tools. England was the first foreign coun- try to accept the Liberty Motor. France and Italy soon followed. Unfortunate- ly our own plane production was con- siderably delayed, not so much on ac- count of the plane itself, but due to the fact that we did not have in this coun- try the necessary instruments and arm- ament to equip the planes. The design of the De Haviland Four could have been settled as early as November, 1917, if information had been available in regard to the instruments and arma- ment ; but, as is known, the De Haviland Four did not come out until about 72 THE REDWOOD April, 1918. This plane was soon in quantity production. The Lorraine-Deitrieh, an engine of the 8-and 12-eylinder type, was being put through the experimental stage about the same time as the Liberty. In fact, the Lorraine-Deitrieh was held up to the inventors of the Liberty as the coming aircraft engine of Europe. The inventors obtained a good deal of infor- mation from the Lorraine-Deitrieh and incorporated it in the Liberty. The following data will give some idea of how an aeroplane engine is de- signed: The crank-shaft was of the conventional seven-bearing type. This type was selected because the com- paratively large bore and stroke made it practically impossible to consider any other type. Counter-balances were not considered due to the fact that the en- gine was not to be run over 1800 R. P. M., and was to be of the direct-drive type. The bearings were to be all of the same length except the first one. Un- der this condition the middle bearing showed more wear in service than any of the others, but if the bearing was to be made longer this would necessi- tate a longer engine, hence more weight per H. P. The advantage gained in making a longer bearing would not compensate the increased weight and as the bearing did not show excessive wear in service, it was left as in the original design. The connecting rods and connecting rod big-end bearings, or as commonly called, the " straddle-type, " were fi- nally proved out and standardized. They gave a uniformally satisfactory result. Various tests of " Marine-type ' ' as are used in the 300 H. P. Hispano- Suiza and the " Articulated-type, " as are used in the Rolls Royce, were tried out. Both of these types can be made satisfactorily, but tests revealed that they were not any better than the " Straddle-type. " The connecting rod length-stroke ratio is 1.71 to 1. The original die-cast aluminum alloy piston design was used from the begin- ning and proved very satisfactory. The head was very thick, and the walls were tapered, to allow for the proper heat transfer from the piston to the cylinder walls. The piston pin was of the floating type, and was held in po- sition by aluminum washers pressed into the piston at each side. All low compression pistons as a rule, are flat on top, while all the pistons of high compression engines are beveled. This is to provide greater piston area. The compression ratio of the Liberty " 12 " is 5.4 to 1. Originally the propeller hub was to be put on the crank shaft permanently, but so much evidence was brought to bear in favor of the detachable hub that it was ordered into quantity production. The taper of the hub was 1 to 12. The propeller hub key was short and did not extend within 1 inch of the rear end. This construction gave trouble in that the hub would freeze to the shaft, making it hard to remove and impos- sible to replace without filing or lap- ping. This was overcome by not ex- actly matching the tapers. That is, there would be about .001 inch play in the small end while the big end or driving end was drawn tight. The key was made long enough so that it ex- tended clear to the rear of the hub. The individual cylinder design was selected on account of the 7-bearing crank-shaft. This also allowed the in- cluded angle to be smaller without THE REDWOOD 73 weakening the crank case too much at the center or having the cylinder flanges overlap. This design also per- mits easy assembling and dismantling of the engine, and therefore facilitates manufacture as vi ell as maintenance. It is very convenient to be able to re- move a damaged or broken cylinder quickly without disturbing the re- mainder of the engine or without re- moving it from the plane. One of the big manufacturing problems in connec- tion with the steel cylinder was to se- cure hollow forgings of the proper ma- terial, which would provide for the minimum removal of material in ma- chining. This job was submitted to two different companies; the Ford Motor Co., of Detroit, and the J. G. Brill Company of Philadelphia. Both companies worked out a satisfactory and economical forging. The valve port cages were machined from sepa- rate forgings and welded on. The cam- shaft housing support bosses were ma- chined as integral parts of the ports. This design provided water circulation for most of the exhaust valve-stem which is a very important advantage. The crank case was of the dry type, that is, all the oil is returned to an out- side tank, cooled, and then pumped to the bearings under pressure. The oil pressure ranged from 3 to 7 pounds under idling conditions and from 35 to 40 pounds under load. These pressures vary with the different kinds of oils used. One of the important features of the water pump was the automatic spring take-up of the two stuffing boxes, one of which seals oil in the engine and the other the water in the pump. Many rumors have been circulated that the Liberty motor was hard to cool, but this is not and never was true. There were two difficulties confronted: one being that of procuring a tubular ra- diator of large enough capacity, and the other of working a 400 H. P. radiator into the design of a plane which had originally been laid out for a 240 H. P. radiator. One handicap was in not knowing just how much radiation to provide, as there is a great deal of dif- ference between cooling an engine on the ground and at 10,000 feet or 15,000 feet. At the time the Liberty Engine was designed, so far as was known to the inventors, no reliable lightweight 12- eylinder magnetos were in existence. The foreign practice of using four 6- cylinder magnetos was objectionable not only because of their weight but also on account of the complication of the necessary drives. It was decided that the generator type of ignition was to be used. A small 10-arapere-hour battery was used which could be lo- cated in any convenient place about the plane. At the present time there are several excellent types of 12-eylinder magnetos on the market. The ignition distributor head, com- plete with a coil, was located at the rear end of each cam-shaft housing. Each of these heads is cross-wired so as to make it possible to secure ignition in 12-cylinders on either head, thus providing a complete dual system. A very desirable feature of the Liberty Motor, due directly to its ignition, was the ease in starting. The inventors experience gave preference to the gen- erator-type of ignition, due to the fact that to start on a spark it is necessary to have the mixture just right, and on the rich side. When several attempts have been made to start on the spark, excess gas often accumulates in the cylinders and cuts the oil off the piston 74 THE REDWOOD which is due to the large clearances. This is very apt to result in scored cylinders. The only proved out aircraft car- buretor available in this country at this time was the old style single Ven- turi Zenith. Four intake headers were used, each serving three cylinders. The individual air scoops were fitted to each carburetor but no provision was made for carrying these intakes out- side the bonnet. Although these scoops were drained overboard the drain was effective only when the plane was level or climbing, and a flooding carburetor on the glide would spill gasoline over the engine. If back-fire occurred after this happened, the plane would un- doubtedly be set in flames. As soon as the engines were received overseas where there had been experience with fires, various modifications were made to reduce the fire hazard. A rather radical design was finally worked out for the motor. It consisted of two, double-venturi carburetors of what might be called the inverted type. In this arrangement the carburetors could not flood. In this way the fire hazard was eliminated and the carburetor placed in an advantageous position. The Liberty Engine has been criti- cised severely on account of its cylin- ders being set at an included angle of 45°. All experts in engine design know that a 6-cylinder engine is per- fectly balanced. Two 6-cylinder en- gines hooked to the same crank-shaft are also perfectly balanced at any angle, except to impulse frequency. Mr. Vincent had experimented and found that the 45° arrangement would not be objectionable so far as lack of smooth running was concerned, and that it had distinct advantage in not only re- ducing the heat resistance, but also re- duced the synchronous vibration of the crank-shaft due to the breaking up of the evenly spaced impulses. Running wide open near sea-level the Liberty Motor would develop an aver- age of 410 H. P. and consume about 351 gallons of fuel per hour. The same engine running at full speed at an elevation of 15,000 feet would de- velop about 295 H. P. and the gas con- sumption would be reduced to 251 2 gallons per hour. The Liberty-12 mounted in a De Haviland Four or Nine plane can average about 100 miles per hour in a cross country flight at 15,000 feet, at 20 to 22 gallons per hour. Throttling down still more will reduce the gasoline consumption, and it is possible to fly a De Haviland Lib- erty equipped plane at about 75 miles per hour on 17 gallons per hour. Due to the fact that the performance of an aeroplane must be measured in the air, it is a complicated matter to make a full test flight. In the first place there are a number of special in- struments, a well qualified pilot, and proper technical experts to make the necessary corrections for temperatures, density, etc., after the readings have been secured. The Liberty-8 was just being put into production when the Armistice was signed. This motor was intended for the single-seater or fighting planes, and so far had given very satisfactory results. Orders kept coming in until the rate of production at the time the Armistice was signed was about 300 per week. The Liberty Aircraft Engine stands as a monument to the daring, courage and co-operation of the engineers and manufacturers and shows what in- genuity and united effort can do working for a common cause. Nature ' s Christmas JOS. F. RANK ROFOUND and mighty delve of Neptune ' s reign, Thine endless chain of foan ing v?ave expands, To dance on shores and whisper to the sands The name of Christ in musical refrain. Deep roaring billows break the spell in twain, To summon elfin nymphs of salt sprayed bands, Rejoice! in holy recollection stands This day! and forth these words in solemn strain To man, who goes his pleasure trodden way ' Mid fields of love that breathe the Christ Child ' s name; While all fair Nature sings its fondest lay, Man thinks not of the Child that saved his plea. For happiness divine, and he doth shame His heritage of blessed destiny. 75 The Regeneration of Lorimer Charles R. Boden AWRENCE LORIMER was the puzzle of the editorial room of the Daily Tribune in San Francisco. For fif- teen years he had been a member of the staff of that great daily; twelve of these had been spent in the fascinating but dangerous role of police reporter. Those dozen years " on police " had been as a life- time to Lorimer. They had changed and hardened him; worse still, they had caused him, first to distrust and then to repudiate the teachings of his childhood; and, worst of all, they had given him an intense and uncontrolla- ble hatred of his fellow men. Associ- ation with the sordid things of life had not proved beneficial to Lorimer. He was a victim of environment. Daily it was his duty to visit the city prison, copy the names on the desk- sergeant ' s blotter and then interview the more prominent of the regular round of murderers, footpads, burglars, safe-blowers, yeggs, pickpockets, bunco " sharps " , Chinese tong men and the scum of the underworld in particular. Following that, he would wend his way to the Police Court and listen to the age-old stories of poverty, hunger, be- trayal and crime. Or, for variety ' s sake, he would journey " upstairs " to the Superior Court, there to hear the same tale told in a more dignified man- ner and in better and more comfortable surroundings. Occasionally he would cross the bay to San Quentin to chat with the gloomy occupants of " con- demned row " . And, perchance he would linger a while to see the objects of his interviews snapped into eternity in a twinkling. Crimes and criminals, these two subjects monopolized his en- tire attention: To the first he grew accustomed ; in the second he learned to place all classes and specimens of the genus " homo " . Twelve years had made him like his assignment, but not love it, for the word " love " had long since disappeared from his vocabulary. As before stated, he was the enigma of the office. Prest, the Tribune ' s poet, called him a misanthropist. " A pessimistic knockout " was the expert verdict of Drown, the sporting editor, while Red, the office boy, had charac- terized Lorimer as " da worst grouch what I have ever met up with ' ' . Others in the office were content to dub him, crank, hater, scoffer and cynic. In spite of all these uncomplimentary opinions, Lorimer had prospered in the world of journalism. He was a fin- ished writer, had a " nose for news " and was loyal to the paper. " Greater attributes than these no man hath, " mused Old Bat Anderson, the manag- ing editor, as he ordered the cashier to raise Lorimer ' s salary. Lorimer had just returned to the of- fice after a long session of a sensational murder trial. He walked to his desk, uncovered his typewriter and sank into his well-worn seat. " What a farce is life, " he began, " here they are trying this poor unfortunate for killing a man — when the judge and the jury and 76 THE REDWOOD 77 the lawyers and the whole crowd are just as guilty as the accused. He killed on the impulse; they strangle slowly. What ' s the difference? They ' re all equally bad — all criminals — all hiding their grewsome offenses under a pre- text of sanctity and church-going or the like ! Oh, hypocrisy thy name is humanity! " And the only reply he received was the echo of his words, for reply would be useless and Lorimer ' s diatribes were common affairs. It was the day before Christmas and San Francisco had willingly surren- dered to the spirit of Yuletide. The streets were packed ; the stores were jammed ; and traffic moved like a sail- ing ship in a peaceful calm. The Tri- bune office was not immune from the spirit of the time. Peace reigned among the " boys, " from the manag- ing editor to the lowly cub reporter. Everyone was cheerful and happy and glad. All — except Lorimer. The sea- son meant nothing to him. He hated and despised it. To him it was a time for fools to make merry, nothing more. And the rest of his co-workers knew this and said not a word. Young Bill Price, City Hall reporter, had just returned from a shopping tour with his bride-to-be. His heart was light and airy, and for a moment he had forgotten all things connected Avith the Tribune office. Crossing the room to reach his typewriter he hesi- tated a moment in front of Lorimer ' s desk and then with a broad smile and a careless laugh, he said, " Merry Christmas, Mr. Lorimer! " It was as if a bombshell had exploded. Lorimer ' s face turned white and then red and finally sunk to a chalkish color. He ground his teeth in boiling rage and then addressed his well-wisher, " Merry Christmas ! Ha ! Ha ! What a jokester you are! How can one be merry in the midst of a gang of murderers and robbers? Man hates man. Man kills man. And yet man invents Christmas to cover up his crimes. You talk of love — the human heart never harbored such a visitor. It is not a worldly sub- stance. And if man ever did obtain such a thing it would turn to hate at his very touch ! Yes, Christmas is good propaganda for priests and preachers! You speak of brotherly love, of sacri- fice, of laying down a life for a friend. It ' s a lie, I tell you. It ' s not being done. It ' s impossible! " And he em- phasized his statements by banging his fist on the desk, scattering ink and paste and copy-paper in all directions. He then put on his hat and coat and hurriedly left the silenced room. The staff was resting just after turn- ing out the early street edition. Most of the men were going home, having been excused to attend to last-minute Christmas shopping. The place was well nigh deserted. Lorimer was sit- ting at his desk reading his account of a daring prison break. The office fire bell disturbed his reading. 3-2-8, 3-2-8, clicked the little metal hammer. " Post and Powell, " said Crosby, the city edi- tor, " wonder what ' s doing up there? " Lorimer went back to his reading. Once again the alarm broke the silence of the room. 3-3, 3-2-8, 3-2-8, repeated the hammer, with the additional signal for a third alarm. " Holy smoke, " ejaculated Crosby, " that ' s a third. " He turned to Lorimer and ordered, " Run up and see what ' s doing, will you, Larry? " Lorimer donned his coat and hat and slipped out into the night. 78 THE REDWOOD The sky was one huge reflection of flame and fire. A hook and ladder truck dashed into Kearny. Lorimer went up Geary street at a fast gait. As he reached Union Square he saw that it was no ordinary fire. He cut through the plaza and was soon at his destination. There had been an explo- sion at the St. Norman Hotel. Scantily- clad people were pouring from the en- trance. Oil-skinned firemen were lay- ing hose in the street. Excited police- men were vainly attempting to keep back a maddened populace. Red and yellow flames shot from the lower windows. The upper rooms were belching volumes of ugly, black smoke. Apparently the fire had crept up the elevator shaft and was spreading throughout the building. Lorimer put on his reporter ' s badge and took out some copy paper to take down a few notes. Looking for information he approached his friend, the Fire Chief. A subordinate officer pushed past him and bellowed to his superior, " The building is in danger of collapsing. I have ordered all the men to the street. " And the two officers hurried away, leaving Lorimer without the looked-for story. The hotel was soon empty of all liv- ing things. The firemen were content to pour water on the structure from four sides. Suddenly a shout went up from the crowd. A moving figure had been seen on the ledge of a four-story window ! It was a fireman ! His hands were cupped to his face and he was asking for a life-line. The life gun was quickly put into service and a tender line attached to a stout rope was soon in the hands of the flame-engulfed fireman. An unearthly stillness crept over the crowd. Lorimer ' s eyes were popping from his head. " Come down, you fool, " he shouted, unable to re- strain himself longer, " Come down or you ' ll be cremated, you — " but a burly policeman placed his hand on his shoul- der and told him to keep his peace. The fireman entered the building and reappeared carrying a woman, swathed in dripping blankets. Cooly and delib- erately he tied the hempen cable about her body and slowly lowered her to the street — and safety. " Oh God, what bravery! " thought Lorimer to him- self. He tried to talk to a fellow re- porter but the words refused to come. Again the man went into the seething inferno and came back with a second woman, similarly clothed. Calmly and methodically he worked and once again he snatched a life out of the yawning jaws of eternity. " What sacrifice! " thought Lorimer, " Was there ever a man like this? This man is one among millions. To think of it — actually saving others ' lives at the risk of enduring a living Hell. " And then he reflected. This fellow was not alone. There were hundreds of other brave firemen willing to sacrifice everything to protect life and property. Lorimer ' s philosophy was receiving a fatal jar. Now the fireman had anchored the rope and was coming down himself! Lorimer was choking. Hearts of brave men almost stopped. Women wept and turned away. The great crowd was silent, for Death was lurking near. Halfway down on his perilous journey he had been safe; as he reached the second floor the rope twisted, then curled and finally gave way to the ravages of fire. The man came hurling to the pavement. Eager hands rushed forward to render first aid, but in vain. The hero was beyond THE REDWOOD 79 the comfort of his fellows. " Get a priest — quick! " someone shouted. Lor- imer heard, and closed his eyes — and thought of other days. A man of the cloth edged his way through the crowd and knelt at the side of the heroic fireman. The priest said some words to the dying man who opened his eyes, uttered a few sounds and smiled. The priest raised his arm and made the sign of the cross — the final absolution. The penitent made a brave effort to lift his head, then sank back, closed his eyes and, with a smile on his mangled face, he passed on to a better world. Lorimer dashed away to the office, unable to bear the tension any longer. It took him but a few moments to " bang out " his story. He gave it to the office boy and then closed his eyes and mentally rehearsed the night ' s events. Crosby read the account and brought it into the sanctum of the man- aging editor. " Best story I ' ve read since I ' ve been on the desk, " said An- derson. And old Bat had piloted the Tribune for thirty years. Crosby rush- ed out to the local room to congratu- late his reporter. But he stopped as soon as he entered the room. What a sight met his eyes ! There was Lori- mer, the arch-cynic, sceptic of sceptics, scoffer supreme, with his head bowed on the desk crying like an infant ! The city editor went back to his office on tip-toe. That night Lorimer Avent over to St. Patrick ' s on Mission street and made up for an absence of twelve long years. Christmas Day was a half-holiday in the Tribune office. The local room was full of reporters who had just lis- tened with wonder to the almost un- believable story told by Crosby. Sud- denly the door opened and in walked Lorimer, wearing a broad smile and with numerous gift packages under his arm. As if by pre-arrangement the whole force sang out in unison, " Merry Christmas, Mr. Lorimer! " Lorimer walked to his desk, brushed a stray tear from his eye and replied, " The same to you and many of them. God bless you every one ! ' ' And the regenerated Lorimer began to live his life anew. The Strong West EDWIN COOLIDGE, ' 92 (Published from " The Redwood, " June ' 08, by request) UT of tKe West we pray thee, MotKer, Maid Eternal, MotKer Sweet, Out of tKe Great, Strong West we pray tKee, StraigKten tKe PatKway to our feet. Our laugK is young and we fear no danger; Our Kands are strong and our breasts are deep; Pity us, MotKer beside tKe Manger, For tKe sake of tKe little CKrist, asleep. Our KigK pines sing in tKeir strong awaking, Answering tKe sea-waves song; TKe berserk breed of tKe West in triumpK Sings witK tKe dawn wKen tKe day is long. TKe sweep of our Kills runs rank witK beauty, Our Kuge Sierras are sKod witK gold : Life is a wine and to drink is duty, Joy is a prize for tKe young and bold. TKe Keart of tKe West is ricK and ruddy, Golden poppies, roses red. Our sKining fields are a gorge of plunder Of golden grain on a golden bed. In a smile of tKe sun our streams are riant ; Under tKe glory of arcKing skies, TKe Strong West stands, like a careless giant, Fronting tKe world witK unwearied eyes. In full-fed dreams of life we slumbered. Till tKe golden sKafts of tKe morning sang Out of tKe bow of Keaven and smote us, Stung us awake as tKe bow-string rang. TKe Old World calls to tKe New Born Regions . . . TKe Strong West laugKs . . . and Kis marcKing legions Flutter tKeir banners on Kill and plain. Out of our youtK we pray tKee, MotKer, Mirror of Purity, House of Gold, In tKe strengtK of our tKew-strung youtK we pray tKee, StrengtKen our days ' gainst tKe sins of old. Our laugK is young and we fear no danger. And tKe berserk strain runs strong and deep; Pity us, MotKer beside tKe Manger, For tKe sake of tKe little CKrist, asleep. The End of the Trail Jas. W. Humphry HE GAUNT MAN led the way. At his heels, dog- gedly, came the short one, fagged, yet uncomplain- ing ; both of them drenched by the chill rain that swirled through the gap down into the night-ridden valley below. Sky was never so black. Days of incessant storm had left it impenetrably overcast. The two men trudged — or stumbled — along the slippery road which skirted the mountain base. Soggy, unseen range and pasture lands to their left, Stygian forest above and to their right. Ahead, the far-distant will-o-the-wisp blinking in the soggy shroud. Three or four miles lay between the sullen travelers and the town that cradled it- self in the heart of the rain-soaked val- ley. Night had stolen early upon the dis- mal winter day. The tall man who led carried a shaky, ill-smelling lantern that sent its feeble rays no farther ahead than a dozen paces; it served best to reveal the face of the huge sil- ver watch which was frequently taken from the owner ' s coat pocket. Half-past ten — no more — and yet it seemed to t hese men that they had plowed for eons through the blackness of this evil night, through a hundred villainous shadows of unpointed paths. Mile after mile, they had traversed al- most impassable roads, unwavering persistence in command of their strength, heavy stoicism their burden. Few were the words that had passed between them during all these weary miles. An occasional oath, muffled but impressive, fell from the lips of the one who followed close behind the sil- ent, imperturbable leader. The tall man was silent as the unspeakable night itself. It was impossible to distinguish the faces of these dogged night-farers. The collars of their coats were turned up, their throats were muffled, and the broad rims of their rain-soaked hats were far down over their eyes. There was that about them which suggested the presence of fire arms inside the watersoaked breast pockets. It was a night in the winter of 1875, and these men were forging their way along a treacherous mountain road in Central California. The washing away of the bridge ten miles back in the mountains had put an end to all thought of further progress by stage- coach, for that night, at least. Rigid necessity compelled the short one to proceed in the face of the direst hard- ships. His mission was one which could not be stayed as long as he possessed legs and a stout heart. Checked by the misfortune at the bridge there was nothing left but to make the best of the situation. A mountaineer was found to guide him, and they set out on foot over the slippery foot-trail across the mountains to the valley. Since six o ' clock that evening they had been struggling along their way, silent, de- 81 82 THE REDWOOD termined, unrelenting in the face of the unchained elements. The tall man strode onward with never decreasing strength and confi- dence ; his companion on the contrary, was faint and sore and scowling. He was not to the mountains born, no prod- uct of the frontier, he ; he came from the gentle lowlands of the east, from noisy cities with imposing thorough- fares, from pleasing comforts and their puny addicts. The tall man was the leader on this ugly night, and yet the short one was the master; he followed but the tall one led him at his bidding. They had known each other for less than six hours and yet the stranger had put his life into the mountaineer ' s hands; another sunrise would doubt- less see them pass out of each other ' s thought forever. The native served the purpose of a single night. Neither knew the other ' s name; he was taken on faith and for what he was worth — five dollars. " Are those the lights of the town? " Panted the stanger, a throb of hope in his breast. The tall one paused; the other came up behind him. He stretched a long arm in the direction of the twinkling lights, far ahead. " Yes ' r, " was all that he said. " How far? " demanded the other, laboriously. " ' Bout four miles. " " Road get any better? " " Yes ' r. " " What time will we make it by? " " Can ' t tell, — twelve — maybe. " " We ' d better be moving along, it ' s quarter to eleven now. " ' ' Yes ' r. ' ' Once more they set forward, trudg- ing laboriously through the heavy mud and slime that was commonly known in that far Western country as the stage-road. The shattering yelp of a coyote answered by another and yet another, broke through the oppressive silence and the heavy spatter of the rain. Those four miles of slushy road seemed interminable. Slipping, stumbl- ing, cursing himself for a fool under his breath, the stranger followed his imperturbable, impassive guide. Sweetly, faintly, intermittent strains of music came to them. The way-farer stopped and listened in wonder to these sounds that rose above the swish of the restless rain. " It ' s an organ, " — he finally meas- ured. " Yes ' r, at the church, " vouchsafed the guide, a sudden eagerness in his voice, " the midnight mass " " The midnight mass? " interrupted the short and gruffly, " then the priest is still up. Hm-m-m! Well, let ' s be moving along, I ' m wet clear through. " Silence fell upon them once more. No word was spoken after that, except in relation to an oath of exasperation; they swung forward. Heavy feet, dragging like hundredweights, carried them over the last weary mile. Into the outskirts of the little town they slunk. The streets were deserted, muddy and lighted but meagerly from a few windows through which the yel- low glass of as many oil-lamps shone. Some distance ahead there was a vast glow of light, lifting itself above the house-tops and pressing against the black dome that hung low over the earth. The inspiring strains of the mellow throated organ came through the night to meet the footsore men. There were no pedestrians to keep them company. The inhabitants of the town THE REDWOOD 83 were all assembled in the old adobe Mission Church. Slowly the two men made their way to the church steps. The short one stopped and turned to his companion. " I won ' t need you any longer. This is as far as I go. Here is your pay. If I wer e you, I ' d get to bed out of this disgusting rain. " " Yes ' r, " said the smileless guide, accepting the gold piece with no word of thanks. A brief " Good-night " to his erstwhile companion and the lean mountaineer disappeared into the night. His late employer stepped up to the church door, unbuttoned his coat and transferred from an inside pocket to an outside one, a long heavy revolver of Colt ' s " Frontier 45 " type. This done, he stepped inside the church and stood still, his hat in one hand, the other in his pocket, surveying the scene before him. The impressive service was just about to terminate, and after the bless- ing, the short one stood aside, search- ing with eager, squinting eyes, each face, as it passed. The crowd passed on until he was alone in the church. A man came from the vestry to fasten the doors and turn down the lights. He spoke to him : " I ' d like to talk to the priest. " For a second the man hesitated, then simply said: " Follow me! " They passed down the aisle through a small door into the vestry. The kindly-eyed, white haired servant of the Lord was putting off his vestments when, hearing their step he turned to greet them. " Father, " the man said, " this stranger wished to speak to you, " then turned and went about his business once more. " Yes? " the man of God turned and waited for the stranger to express his wish. " Why, I ' m on the trail of a man who is wanted in Chicago, and I understand he stopped here a few days ago. Black hair, brown eyes, height about five feet six, fairly slim and has a scar running from the left corner of his mouth to his nose. I understand he came to the Mission for shelter. " " My son, " the kindly old priest said, slowly, " you have been well informed; he did come here. We found him late at night, crumpled beside the church door, praying. We brought him in and gave him food and drink, and a bed to sleep in. " " Where is he now? " " He went to the judgment bar at six o ' clock last night. " " You say " " He died. " The short one looked around, swal- lowed once and then, " It ' s better so. My God! " he sob- bed. " He was my brother. He — I was assigned. I ' d sworn to do my duty. " The man sank down and sighed a bro- ken sob. " Father, " he finally man,- aged, " will you bless me? " " Yes, my son, " the Father answered, " and pray for one who has gone forth with repentance in his heart. " Snowflake Fairies DONALD J. PIERR NOWFLAKE fairies softly dancing, Flitting in a joyous swirl, Robing Nature ' s fretted tresses, ' Neath a gleaming coat of pearl. Here and there they trip and tremble, Merry sprites. King Winter ' s Corps, Tinseled twigs of fairies ' fancy, Glimm ' ring Earth ' s bespangled floor. ' Meath the moonbeams softly glowing. Sparkles from the realms of night, Phantoms drear and crystals gleaming. Mingle in the languid light. Now their happy task accomplished. Fleeing, wave a gladsome hand. Dip and dart in sudden flurry, Snowflake fairies mystic band. 84 The Nobility of Don Juan A. J. Steiss, Jr. T WAS VERY dark on the north high road to Palen- cia, for it was near mid- night and between moons. Don Juan de Orea was therefore highly delighted when he saw the scattered lights of the city below him; for he was weary of his own company, and of the sound of his boots, beating out the hours on the long white road. It was a dangerous road, too, at such an hour, but the sound of his sword clanking against his heels reassured him; and he grinned frequently as he envisioned the havoc he might cause in a chance band of ' ' contrabandistas. ' ' His own appearance was not such as would inspire confidence. For when boots have tramped from the French provinces, they must be inevitably dus- ty and worn in a dozen or more places. Don Juan ' s clothing, also, was in the extreme of disrepute; what with being stained by the grass where he had slept, and tattered by the hedges he had broken through, and patched with whatever came to his hand. And months of hard fare had imparted to his face a lean, brigandish aspect, of which he was exceedingly proud, and with which his gait and swagger per- fectly accorded. In the night time, therefore, he was such an apparition as would have quickened the heart of any peasant; and even in the more kindly light of day there were few who would discover in his tattered apparel, the uniform of a soldier. For Philip had sat upon the Spanish throne for many months; and had almost forgotten now, how he had got there. If the peasants, among whom Don Juan passed, had also for- gotten, he did not blame them, because the War of the Succession had termi- nated long ago, and they had their farms to attend to. But Don Juan bore a scar upon his cheek and an empty pocket to remind him persistently of his own small part in the conflict ; so he shamelessly displayed his ribboned uniform and walked cheerfully upon aching feet, so long as military boots encased them. It was the blessed season of the year ; Don Juan could see the tall windows of the cathedral alight for the midnight Mass, and hear the bells faintly chim- ing of the birth of the Child. But it was also the cold season of the year, wherefore the soldier quickened his pace, and descending the hill, soon found himself in the dark, house-walled streets of Palencia. Reflecting upon his appearance, Don Juan avoided the frequented streets, but made his way with a great deal of noise along the narrow, winding byways of the city. His sword rang upon the icy streets at every step, and his boots made an in- conceivable clatter for ones so decrepit. Though none would have doubted him a brigand, none would not have cursed him for a bold and boisterous one. At a cross-r oads Don Juan paused in the shadow of a balcony, and consid- ered for some moments. Finally, he 85 86 THE REDWOOD turned off upon the cross-street, and proceeded along his way with more swagger and clatter than before. After a considerable period he again stopped opposite a dwelling more pre- tentious than its neighbors, with a broad entrance amid a garden of shad- ows. He stood with his feet apart, a broad smile transforming his entire countenance; his ill-trimmed mustache more arrogant than ever. Finally, with an exultant laugh, he threw a kiss toward a shuttered window, and as if this were the sole purpose of his di- vergence, proceeded to retrace his steps. As the chimes told two, Don Juan de Orea came upon the house of his fath- ers. In one of the upper windows he saw an unsteady glow as of a fire burn- ing in an inner chamber; but the huge doorway yawned black. Don Juan hes- itated; then entered the aperture and knocked loudly upon the solid panel. He heard a movement within, and in a few moments a servant, bearing a candle, opened the door an inch and peered out. " Who are you? " " I am your master, " answered Don Juan, " and I have come to talk with ray brother. " Apparently the servant was pre- pared for his arrival, for he immedi- ately showed him to the apartment Avhence he had seen the firelight. Rodigo sat with his back to the portal as if asleep, but at the sound of Juan ' s step, he stirred. The soldier stood at the door expectantly. Without turning Rodigo spoke after a moment. " It is Juan; yes, I know it is my brother. ' ' Don Juan did not deem it necessary to affirm this opinion. " Come out of the shadow; stand in the firelight where I can see you, " commanded Rodigo at last. As his brother advanced, Rodigo raised himself with manifest difficulty from his chair and turned stiffly. He nodded greeting as Juan stalked into the light, and when the glow revealed his appearance, Rodigo grinned broadly. " You were a noble warrior when you set out into the sunlight, " he said. " But the rain has bedraggled your feathers. " Don Juan snorted as he loosened a long cloak from his shoulders, and let it fall upon the hearth. " Senility does not become you, Rodigo. You are grown venomous. " The two faced each other for a mo- ment, the uncertain glow defining a subtle contrast. They were not dis- similar in face and stature; but while Juan was fierce to the very tips of his mustache, Rodigo restrained his coun- tenance in a studied complacency. Rodrigo was erect, also, but one no- ticed that he twirled his mustache in- variably with his left hand. Had his right arm life in it, he, too, might have served Spain, and would probably have been as gallant as his brother. But now he felt the pity of Juan and it galled him beyond words. Juan seated himself in a large chair opposite the cripple, and they stared into the fire. A servant entered and cast a log upon the coals, but the flames were leaping high before Rodrigo spoke. " It was a great pity that our father was killed; indeed a great pity. His THE REDWOOD S7 death entails countless difficulties — upon us. " His brother nodded. " But I think it would be more holy to allow this day to pass before we discuss them. " " No. It must not be tomorrow; it cannot. I can ' t bear delay in this af- fair. " Rodrigo glared at the floor, his lips quivering as he breathed. " Do you think I can be host to you today, when tomorrow you may turn me into the streets? Can I sit in peace before my hearth now, when a few days may find me shivering to death on a doorstep? " Rodrigo rose and limped, trembling, to a cabinet in a corner of the room, and Juan could hear him threshing among its papers feverishly. He left his chair, sighing, and walked to a win- dow that looked upon the inner court. A star or two shone in the fountain, and he could hear the icy clamor of the water as it ran from the pool. No one in the house was awake save in the room where he stood; no light save here. Rodrigo interrupted now. " Here, Juan; our father ' s will. " Juan remained at the window. " I am listening. " " Juan, you have often heard these words from his own lips. Now attend closely. " Rodrigo held the parchment to the firelight and read, emphasizing the clauses with " Now mark that, Juan. " The testament was long, im- practicable and noble, typical of the gaunt, fire-eyed, old Don. He dwelt at length upon the three de Oreas who had stormed the walls of Jerusalem, and upon countless others of the house, warriors, buried throughout all Eu- rope. They had borne the cross against the Moor and the standard of Leon against nearly all the princes of Christ- endom. It was his wish, therefore, to perpetuate the valiant character of the family through the generations to come. War, in which his two sons were to up- hold the standard of Philip, was hov- ering at no great distance. And who- ever of these, decreed the old Don, bore himself as most benefitted a nobleman and thus evinced his ability best to wield the traditional sword of his fath- ers, to this son would fall the patri- monial estate. He piously invoked heaven to aid him in his decision, that it might be just and prudent, and that a spirit of peace might govern the pro- ceedings, he had set Christmas day for the award. Rodrigo had held the parchment against the firelight, stooping that he might see to read. Now he straightened, slapped the document with his hand, and glared at his brother, who still presented his back at the window. Juan could hear him as he settled slowly into his chair, panting as one who has emerged from a struggle. " Well? " There was in Rodrigo ' s voice a tone more of one who has produced an argu- ment than who proposes a difficulty. " You were stricken and could not bear arms, " answered Juan. " There- fore there is no common ground for us to stand on. " " Stricken! " screamed Rodrigo, straining forward in his chair. " Strick- en ! Yes, yes ; recall it to my mind. I had forgotten it, indeed I had. " A book that was lying on the floor he kicked into the flames and a shower of sparks wound up the chimney. The light deepened the black lines upon his face and reddened his little eyes. His good hand clenched the arm of his chair. 88 THE REDWOOD " No. Don ' t look upon me. But stand there where I can see how tall and lithe you are — Oh, don ' t heed me on any account. You — brother — laugh, laugh ; I know you are laughing in your heart! " The perspiration streamed across his thin cheeks. " If we were better friends, perhaps we might have settled the affair ... " Juan was about to say " as brothers " but his hate froze the words. He clung to the window soothed by the cool air of the court, while the room became suddenly breathless. . . . A bronze bowl fell upon the hearth with a hollow reverberation, and Juan became aware that a chandelier in the center of the room was burning. He turned, to behold his brother, legs akimbo, his mouth open, and a sword hanging in his hand. " If we are enemies, " he said, " this will end our quarrel. " Juan paled. " But your arm — can you fight with your left hand 1 You must not. " Rodrigo snorted. " I can kill you with it, " he said. " I could curse you to death. " He leapt forward and slashed Juan ' s arm to the bone. Juan stepped back and drew his sword, glowering. With- out a word, without a sound save the whispering of their feet upon the soft rug, he drove his brother helpless into a corner. Rodrigo cursed as he feU against a table, and Juan feared to look into his eyes. " That ends it, " Juan said; then pausing irresolute for a moment, flung his sword across the room. It shat- tered a window, and they heard the weapon ring upon the stones of the courtyard, and the glass, tinkling like water. Rodrigo tottered to his seat with a shrill, hysterical peal of laughter that echoed weirdly through the silent house. His brother walked slowly to the chair opposite him, and sat mood- ily watching the convulsive heaving of his breast. Rodrigo lay in a stupor, his eyelids heavy, gazing at the floor. " You know, " he breathed at last, " I was a great fool; a very great fool. " Juan grunted. " This morning I am to be married in the cathedral, " he continued, " and think, Juan, how a little stare in the eyes, or a bit of blood upon the carpet would stir my Carmen- ita; she would faint to see me lying dead in that corner; she might even languish away herself, for I know she loves me fondly. " Juan was silent, and the bitterness returned in his brother ' s words. " You believe, perhaps, that she can ' t love me, eh? And if I told you that she has renounced her family to marry me, what would you say then? " Juan stirred. " This Carmenita of youfs — she is Rodrigo nodded, grinning. " Well, it is only a kiss wasted, " said Juan half aloud. The courtyard was filled with grey light before Rodrigo awoke, to see Don Juan, who stood cloaked before him on the hearth. " Going? " he cried, stupid with sleep, " But our patrimony — the es- tate " " Is willed to the more noble, Rod- rigo. A long life to you! " Rodrigo started dazed to his feet. " Then is it I whom am the nobler? " he cried. " Juan! Juan! " But only the echo of the closing of the great door below answered him. PUBLISHED BY THE STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF SANTA CLARA EDITORIAL STAFF EDITOR-IN-CHIEF MARTIN M. MURPHY, CHRONICLE GEORGE L. HANEBERG, LAW ----.... JOHN A. LOGAN, ENGINEERING ...... GUNLEK O. ABRAHAMSEN, AiiiMMi J. THOMAS CROWE, ' ' " ' ' " I EDWIN E. DRISCOLL, ALUMNI CORRESPONDENTS - - - - { MARTIN v ' me ' Te? ' ■ ' " • EXCHANGES -.-.... GEORGE D. PANCERA, ATHLETICS ........ j. WILLIS MOLLEN, BUSINESS STAFF BUSINESS MANAGER .......j. PAUL REDDY, fTHOS. J. BANNAN, ASSISTANTS FRANCIS E. SMITH, UOHN M. BURNETT, CIRCULATION I - Rl THERS, CIKCULAIION ROBERT E. SHIELDS, Address ail communications to THE REDWOOD, University of Santa Clara, Santa Clara, California. Terms of subscription, SI .00 a year; single copies 25 cents EDITORIAL Something new about Christmas Christmas. That was what we had set our- selves to write. But somehow original thoughts would not come. We thought of telling of the light that springs to the eyes of children at mention of the name, or the benignant smile which wreathes the face of the coldest on that day. We thought, too of many things to say about the Infant Jesus, of His humble birth, of the wise men coming from afar to adore Him, of His won- derful message to humanity, but these ideas were almost as old as time itself. Something new was what we wanted. So we pondered deeply. And then after a time a light broke upon us. Something new about Christ- mas? Why that meant something new about the oldest thing in the world ! For is not Christmas Day a commemor- ation of the Incarnation of Love, and is not Love as old as Creation? Thus, enlightened, we decided to re- iterate a thought which originated cen- turies and centuries ago — trite if you will, yet ever new to the sincere heart. We decided to wish our friends and readers — in the name of the Redwood 89 90 THE REDWOOD — a Merry Christmas and New Year. Happy It is fitting that a eon- Disarmament ference to discuss the question of limitation of armament should be held near the birthday of Him who brought " Peace on earth to men of good will " . There is not one but wishes that the result of the conference may be a greater propa- gation of this Divine wish among the peoples of the earth. There are many, however, who take issue with those who believe that peace on earth will follow as a logical result of partial dis- armament. Why should we dismantle those great floating bulwarks that are our best guarantors of the show, at least, of the good will of other nations? The an- swer is that if we don ' t, a race will be- gin for naval supremacy which will immeasurably burden a nation already over-burdened with the cost of the great war. But put the question of taxation on the left side of the scales and on the right put the safety of Am- erica — then, if the left overbalance the right, who is there who will not sacri- fice his gold and the comforts it brings until the scales are better balanced? We feel that a naval reduction such as proposed would put our country in real peril. Somehow we cannot rid our minds of the idea that the diplomats of the old world stand loyal to the code of morals which have guided them from the time that diplomats first came into being. Self-interest at any cost, has been their forte — we have no rea- son to believe they have reformed. Are we just to ourselves to trust their hon- eyed words? Take the British-Japanese Alliance. England says it is merely to placate the Nipponese so they will not attempt to disaffect the hordes of India. But the fact remains that it is an alliance and both countries are vitally inter- ested that it be retained. Now if Sec- retary Hughes ' proposal as to a 5-5-3 naval agreement is accepted we are clearly at a disadvantage in case of a Avar with either power. We do not think we are jingoes, but we can not understand the reasoning processes of those who say war with England or Japan is impossible. His- tory teaches us that England has de- stroyed every great rival that ever challenged her commercial supremacy. What are the Dutch, the French, the Spanish, the Germans now, compared to what they were before England grew jealous of their power? The United States and Japan are the only nations who can seriously rival Great Britain in the world today. Japan, jealous and covetous of the United States, is feared by England because of her position with respect to British India and Chi- nese possession. Our danger is a real thing and if we cannot read the hand- writing on the wall now, God only knows what suffering our folly may entail. What we can do and ought to do is to prepare, regardless of cost. Once armed with a fleet capable of with- standing the most powerful combina- tion any entente or alliance could bring against us, armed with that independ- ence that freedom from embarrassing alliances of our own can bring, and armed too with the armor of righteous- ness in our relations with our interna- tional brethren, America has nothing to fear. Let us hope that our legislators will THE REDWOOD 91 not be lured into the trap which the cunning begotten of centuries of plot- ting and intrigue developed. Our only salvation lies in our independ- ence. Until the Angelic message of Christmastide finds its way into the hearts and minds of men, a stern array of force will be for us the sole means of insuring peace and goodwill to man. Why is it that young Education men during the period generally admitted to be the most profitable for acquiring knowledge abandon contact with the world of industry and commerce, in order to acquire that ephemeral, intan- gible and muchly misunderstood thing — a college education? Is it to polish rough intellects, to increase earning power, or perchance, to learn the pro- per manner of tucking a football under the arm? A Chicago manufacturer, writing in the Atlantic Monthly, thinks differ- ently. He says: " We want men who have regard for hands as well as for heads — an equal regard — for people as well as for profits. " And let no university call its men educated until they undei ' stand that we — the men and women who pour into factories every morning and out every night; who ride back and forth in the reeking trolleys, and live in the ob- scure parts of cities ; who follow ploughs and harrows in the country, and stoke boilers at sea; whose labor makes the buildings ; the books and the salaries of the professors possible — that we must be the beneficiaries of your training, and not, to as large an extent, as now, its victims. " Victims of education. That is a harsh phrase — but only too often is it warranted. That our universities are falling down in one respect is a patent fact. Their finished product may be embellished with all the veneer an ef- fete civilization may afford and the intellect may be developed to a marvel- ous degree, but the other great faculty of man — the will — is left untouched. Self-restraint has never been a con- comitant of great power. The tend- ency of a tyrant rather is to seek greater power at the expense of justice. When they give a young man an intel- lect well developed they are giving him a power greater than anything on earth. When this power is unchecked by the curb of a sound moral founda- tion — what wonder that the toiler with his inferior intellectual equipment be- comes a victim of education? We do not by any means undervalue in an educated man the minor qualities which are often associated with him. If he wears his hat at exactly the right angle ; if he is at ease in the very best society ; if he can make a graceful after dinner speech ; if his broadened vision affords his soul avenues of escape from the boredom of self; we cannot be- grudge him these advantages. But these things, when all is said and done, are the mere shadow. Beneath it all there must be something substantial. To know this substantial thing is to know the aim of true education. In truth. Catholic educators have preached it for years — but it has been laughed at, — it is too old-fashioned. But until the heart has been given an equal place with the head in our mod- ern university curricula, the toiler will become to a greater and greater extent as time goes on, a victim of education. So long as this remains, education has failed in one of its essential aims. Olliromrl Qlnll gp Fitting it is to pray for -_ the dead. And so on November 17th, the col- lege chapel was the scene of a Requiem Mass for the repose of the souls of de- parted professors and students of the University. Father Edward C. Mena- ger, S. J., was the celebrant of the Mass, assisted by Father Cornelius Deeney, S. J., as deacon, and Mr. James F. Donovan, S. J., as sub-dea- con. The Student Body and members of the faculty were in attendance. Oratorical " Tuesday evening, uraioncai November 29th, before contest g f j g largest crowds ever assembled for this annual event, the Oratorical and Elocution contests were held. Louis Trabucco, ' 22, who spoke on the subject of " Am- ericanism " , carried off first prize in the Oratorical contest, with Charles R. Boden and John M. Burnett, second and third, respectively. In the high school department, Earl J. Twomey of Second High, interpret- ing " Jean Desprez " , won first prize, and " Young Fellow, My Lad, " render- ed by Carlton D. Young of Third High, was awarded second prize. " Poor Lit- tle Joe " , very well rendered by Corne- lius J. McCann of First High, was giv- en honorable mention. The introductory remarks w ere giv- en by Clarence R. Sullivan, ' 22, who laid stress on the fact that these exer- cises were being held earlier due to the reason that the " Mission Play " would be presented in May, and by holding these contests sooner, som e material may be discovered for the cast that is to be chosen in January. The opening number was a musical selection by the University Orchestra, under the direc- tion of Prof. Samuel J. Mustol. Then followed the evening ' s program: The Catholic Church...Charles J. Beguhl Poor Little Joe.- Cornelius J. McCann The Draw-bridge Keeper Edward W. Stretch Jean Desprez Earl J. Twomey Music Hearts Entwined JEdward R. Ford Young Fellow, My Lad Carlton D. Young Gualberto ' s Victory ...Daniel J. Buckley The Inchcape Rock Francis P. Giambastiani Music All participants in the Oratorical Contest rendered original compositions, and most of the subjects chosen by the contestants were timely topics. John M. Burnett, ' 25, of San Jose, delivered " The Kaiserism of Japan " . " Disarm- ament " was the subject of J. Marius Beechetti ' s discourse. He was followed by Timothy P. Sullivan, ' 25, on a speech entitled, ' Conscience " . Henry J. Miller, ' 24, spoke on " The Martyr of Molokai " . It was a eulogy on the life of Father Damien, who spent his life upon the altar of sacrifice and pri- vations with the lepers on the Island of Molokai. " The Narcotic Evil " was brought before the audience by Henry Robidoux, ' 24, showing how dangerous and threatening is this drug evil. " Pre- pare, America! " was the theme of the speech given by Charles R. Boden, ' 23. J. Francis O ' Shea, ' 22, chose to delve into the intricate problems of " The Penrose-Fordney Bill " . " American- ism " , the last speech of the evening, was ably rendered by Louis Trabucco, 92 THE REDWOOD 93 ' 22, who held the assemblage with his logic and eloquence. The Oratorical Contest was one of the best given in the auditorium for a number of years, and to Father G. G. Pox, S. J., who coaclied the contest- ants, goes much of the credit for its success. Those who kindly acted as judges were Hon. Walter L. Bachrodt, Dr. F ' rederick Gerlach, Paber L. Johnston. Esq., Hon. Chas. D. South and W. Ward Sullivan, Esq. _ _ ., In accordance with the Ur. imiy proclamation set forth linoles i y President Harding that educators throughout the country should set aside December 5, to 10, as " Educational Week " and give lectures on topics germane to and within the scope of education. Dr. Tully Knoles, President of the College of Pacific, our neighboring institution of learning, was our guest at the University Audi- torium on the afternoon of December 6th. Both Student Bodies — University and Preparatory — greeted Dr. Knoles, who was introduced to the students by the Rev. Father C. A. Buckley, S. J., Dean of the Faculties. Dr. Knoles spoke on " Citizenship and Education " and showed himself a thorough master of his subject. 04. J X D J At one ' clock on the Student Body afternoon of Tuesday, meeting November 29th the Stu- dent Body assembled in the University Auditorium for the purpose of consid- ering those eligible for the emblem S. C. for the past football season. A mo- tion was duly made and seconded whereby the following men were awarded their block sweaters: Gunlek Abrahamsen of San Francisco, " Moose " Fawke of San Francisco, An- gelo Rianda of Gonzales, Martin M. Murphy of Milpitas, Thomas Crowe of Tulare. John Logan of Seattle, and John T. Lewis of Hollister. The fol- lowing men were awarded four-star sweaters : Caesar Manelli of San Fran- cisco, Captain George Bernard Noll of Trvington, Peter Kerckhoff of Covina, and Alfred Ferrario of Los Angeles. Bravo! Big " Jawn " Lewis has earned his sweater. Three long years he waited for it, and now the gentle- man from Hollister dares anyone to take this, his first block sweater, away from him. Big-hearted and good-na- tured John deserves it. He worked hard for it. Thomas Crowe and Martin Murphy have also tried out for places on the gridiron squad for the past three seasons. Others who do not make the Varsity squad the first year should not be discouraged, but should follow the example of these men and keep plug- ging at it until they make regular posi- tions for themselves. If you don ' t sue eeed the first time, try and try again. At the seventh regular meeting of the Phila- lethic Senate, most of the time was devoted to discussion of parliamentary procedure, as no debate was scheduled for this meeting. Many of the principle rules, their import and their value in conducting meetings were explained by the Moderator. Resolved : That in murder cases cir- cumstantial evidence is sufficient to warrant the death penalty. Senators Mollen and Fellows fought for the Negative cause, and Senators Kenney and Martin Walsh did their best to uphold the Affirmative. Senator Ken- ney soared high in the realms of Eth- ics, but to no avail. Senator Mollen convinced his hearers and aided by his fellow colleague, the Negative won the evening ' s heated discussion. The next debate to be considered, which will be in a way of an open house, is. Resolved : That Santa Clara should unite to form a city called San Jose. At this meeting, by motion of Senator Logan. Mr. Francis O ' Shea, Mr. Robley Morgan, and John T. Lewis, were admitted into the Senate. They will go through the usual formal- ities of initiation, before they will be 94 THE REDWOOD declared active members of the Upper House. Santa Clara has always held a high position in her school curiculum for debating, and every opportunity to bet- ter her students along these lines, has been made use of by her. Until last year little was done as far as inter-col- legiate debates were concerned. But it was for some one to start the ball aroUing. And this came last year when the House of Philhistorians debated and beat the Nestoria Debating Society of Stanford. This was closely followed by the well-earned victory attained by members of our Institute of Law over the University of Southern California. This broke the ice, as it were, and ac- cordingly it was with pleasure that the Senate accepted the following letter received October 18th from the Secre- tary of the Euphronia Debating Society of Stanford: " President, Philalethic Senate, Santa Clara University, California. Dear Sir: Euphronia Debating Society cordial ly invites you to send a delegate to the Conference of Debating Societies of California Colleges, to meet at the Stanford Men ' s Union at 8:00 P. M., Friday, October 28th, for the purpose of forming a league of these repre- sentative College Debating Societies. Hoping to receive your acceptance as soon as possible, Very truly yours, SECRETARY. " Pursuant to the foregoing letter, del- egates from different institutions met and discussed in detail the working of this league. The following representa- tives were present: Congress, Milen Dempster; Senate, H. Myers, Univer- sity of California; A. P. 0. U., M. J. Dooley, St. Mary ' s; G. J. O ' Gara, St. Ignatius ; Euphronia, Ellis Hirchf ield ; Nestoria, J. E. Hurley, Stanford Uni- versity; and Philalethic Senate, Ed- ward Shipsey, S. J., Santa Clara. All institutions are represented in the league by one organization, except Cal- ifornia and Stanford, who are repre- sented by two societies. The name of the league shall be known as the League of College Debat- ing Societies. Other outstanding features brought forth at the meeting were the follow- ing: That only undergraduates of the respective societies of the league shall be eligible to participate in league de- bates; that three judges be chosen by the guest from a list of ten eligibles, i. e., outside the university, and unaffil- iated with the societies competing, the list to be sent by the host with the question, and full explanations are to accompany each name; that in regard to the conduct of the debate the judges shall consider in their decision the fol- lowing merits of the debate, and credit according to the following scale: 60% for argument; 30% for delivery — for- ensic ability — ; and 10% for teamwork. The officers of the league shall be lim- ited to that of President, whose ren- dezvous shall be considered as league headquarters; who shall see that the league schedule is properly carried out ; and who shall be a member of one of the societies of the league. In case of incapacity to serve, the society of which the President is a member will be expected to supply a substitute. In case of default of one society in a group, the other member is declared winner; in the event that both default, the group defaults, and the failure of the group is to be announced to the President. Each side shall consist of three speakers, limited to ten minutes each for main speech and four minutes for rebuttal, the Affirmative having the final refutation. This system was agreed on after a motion to allow each speaker to be interrupted three times for a question was tabled. Mr. Herbert Alexander of the Eu- phronia Debating Society of Stanford, was elected first president of the League. The schedule of the league is based on the process of elimination and based THE REDWOOD 95 on an eight-team league. Following is the time, place and teams of the League : FIRST ROUND January 21, 1922 Group I— A. P. G. U. (St. Mary ' s) vs. Congress (Cal.) at St. Mary ' s. Group II — Philalethic Senate (Santa Clara) vs. Team " X " , at Santa Clara. Group III — Senate (St. Ignatius) vs. Senate (Cal.), at St. Ignatius. Group IV — Euphronia (Stanford) vs. Nestoria (Stanford), at Euphronia. SECOND ROUND February 25, 1922 Group A — Winner of Group 3 (Host) vs. Winner of Group 2 (Guest). Group B — Winner of Group 4 (Host) vs. Winner of Group 1 (Guest). THIRD ROUND (Final) Winner of Group A (Host) vs. Win- ner of Group B (Guest). Negotiations looking to the entrance of an eighth team, designed at the time of the conference as team " X " were not successful, the Senate accordingly remains in the first round without a debate, and will meet the Senate of California at Berkeley on February 25th in the Second Round. At the invitation of Mr. Milen Demp- ster, President of the Congress Debat- ing Society, University of California, the next regular meeting of the league will be held in the Fall of 1922 at Berkeley. House Chairman James B. Comer reports favora- ble doings in the House of Philhistorians. The House is one of the most popular organizations of the University, and as we can gather from the information handed to us, the key- note prevalent in that organization this year is harmony among all the mem- bers and diligence galore in all de- bates. As was previously stated in the last issue, four promising barristers would handle the subject. Resolved: That Judge Landis should resign either his Federal Judgeship or Baseball Commis- sion, Representative Miller of San Jose and John T. Lewis of Hollister, took under their care the Negative side, while Representatives John Stamp and Bacigalupi contended for the Affirmative. Notwithstanding the very able arguments brought forth by Bacigalupi and Stamp, the Negative was awarded the decision. " You can- not serve two masters " , was the plea set up by Representatives Bacigalupi and Stamp, and yet John Lewis gave convincing facts from all possible an- gles as to the possibility and capability of Judge Landis holding two offices. Representative Miller surprised his fellow members by his well executed oration, and after the rendition of his speech the members felt certain that in him they had discovered a real artist of the forum. Representative F. Regan, who reg- isters from the City of Raisins — Fresno — was the critic of the evening. And his critique was so well given that the Representatives marvelled at the able constructive criticisms he expounded. He was so minute in his details that he took within his scope the Chairman of the assembly to the janitor who swept the hall. His sense of discernment is one to be wondered at. Never since the days of Delmas and White has such display of literary ability manifested itself. Careful watching must be given to this gent, is the belief now enter- tained by every Representative. The following week another interest- ing debate was dished out in the House. The subject for discussion was. Resolved: That the apportionment bill was for the best interest of the United States. Representatives Luckhardt and Ford maintained the Affirmative, and Representatives Lynch and Del Mutolo took care of the Negative. The Nega- tive won by a vote of 21 to 7. Rep. Luckhardt, who handled himself with grace and ease, was easily the best forensic performer of the evening. Rep. Selah Pereira of Turlock, was elected unanimously Treasurer of the House, filling the place made vacant by Rep. E. Driscoll ' s resignation. Selah is 96 THE REDWOOD on the job when it comes to handling money and he will see to it that there will be ample funds in the treasury for the big banquet at the end of the year. Resolved : That the present day legis- lation to give more power to the gov- ernment is for the best interest of the people, is the subject to be thrashed out by the House at its next meeting. Rep- resentatives Beechetti and Harrington will uphold the Affirmative, and Reps. J. Griffin and Hodgekinson will dis- cuss the merits of the Negative. ing upon short talks from Prefect John Coughlan, Gunlek Abrahamsen, Secre- tary; John Lewis, Father Deeney, the guest of honor, and finally a few clos- ing remarks from Mr. Austin. « . On Sunday evening. Sanctuary December 3rd, as a fit- y ting celebration com- memorating the Feast of the Tercen- tenary of Saint John Berchmans, a re- ception of candidates was held in the Chapel. For five evenings previous to the celebration, symbolical of the five years spent by St. John in the Jesuit Order, before God called him to his heavenly reward, the Sanctuary mem- bers assembled in the chapel before a shrine of their Patron and offered up prayers in his honor. As a climax to this devotion, eighteen candidates were received into the Society and received the white surplice from the hands of Rev. Fr. President. Immediately after, Fr. President addressed the acolytes, and the entire Student-Body, impress- ing on them their duties as members of a society consecrated to the devotion of Our Lord in the sacrifice of the Mass, and upon their observance of the obli- gations as members of the Student- Body organization of the University. Commenting on the necessity of good exterior conduct, Fr. President showed how the service at the altar would be an important step in the development of a character that will bring man to a successful end in life ' s struggle. Solemn benediction Wc ' .s then cele- brated by Father President, after which the society partook of a banquet, bountifully provided for the occasion. Thomas Bannon was toastmaster, call- The Junior Dramatic J. D. S. Society has achieved, since the begiiming of the present semester, many forensic successes. On Saturday evening, No- vember 5th, one of the best debates of the season was held. The question read, Resolved: That the United States should decrease, rather than increase her armaments. The Affirmative was taken care of by Messrs. White and Glynn, and the Negative was ably de- fended by Messrs. Karam and Paul Martin. All four of the evening ' s ora- tors held the audience with their hery eloquence, and the brilliant arguments that were put forth by both sides proved to be of great interest to all present. It was only after careful con- sideration on the part of the house that the decision was awarded to the Nega- tive. Mr. Karam, who in the summer months leisurely spends his time at Nogales, Texas, was voted as the best speaker of the evening, and we can certainly say that the aforesaid gen- tleman has all the requirements of an orator. The reader, Mr. Dean, recited a selection from White ' s murder case by Daniel Webster, and Mr. Hook read an essay discussing the superiority of Los Angeles to that of San Francisco. The question for the following week read : Resolved that Los Angeles, and not San Francisco, should be called the metropolis of the West. Messrs. Kranzthor and Temple, two representa- tives from the southern city, and who hold within their hearts the highest esteem of the town whence they hail, argued for the Affirmative. Messrs. Stivers and Halloran, able San Fran- ciscans, and well versed in the manifold advantages of the Mission City, proved to the audience that San Francisco tow- ered head and shoulders among the cities of the West. Mr. Halloran was THE REDWOOD 97 declared host speaker of the evening. The reader, Mr. Barrett, rendered a beautiful selection entitled " Out Where Ihe West Begins " , and Mr. Eg ' an road an essay as to whether or not labor unions are beneficial to so- ciety. Resolved: That labnr unions as they now exist are on the whole beneficial to society in the United States was of much concern to the society at its fol- lowing meeting. Messrs. Randazzo and Carter loaned their eloquent efforts for the maintenance of the Affirmative side of the issue, while Mr. Nock who unfolded himself as the " dark horse ' ' of the discussion and aided ably by his colleague, Mr. Brescia, easily proved their supremacy, and consequently the Negative was awarded the decision. Mr. Leo Nock, in his own peculiar way, accepted with all modesty the title be- stowed upon him by his fellow mem- bers as the best speaker of the evening. " As the Sun Went Down " was render- ed by Mr. Twomey. p , ,. Keeping in stride Avith n work so well com- iJcDate menced, Mr. Hugh Don- avon, S. J., Moderator of the J. D. S., secured a debate with the strong team representing the San Jose High School. It was held on the evening of December 6th at the Chamber of Commerce Hall, San Jose, under the auspices of the American Legion. The subject dis- cussed being. Resolved: That the Uni- ted States should pass the Adjusted Compensation Bill. The J. D. S. up- held the Affirmative side of the ques- tion, and when the judges discussed the merits of the debate the result was a unanimous decision for Santa Clara. A large audience comprised largely of veterans of the late World War filled the spacious hall and everyone listened attentively to the exposition of the question. From the manner both sides went into the discussion, it was evident that much thought and preparation were devoted to the sub- ject. The interest was tense through- out and the way the worthy Affirma- tive advanced their arguments, and re- futed their adversaries, the ex-service men went away after the debate con- soled with the fact that if the bill were to pass Congress they would be compensated for what is justly due them. Those representing the society were Mr. Ogden Hook, Mr. George Geoghe- gan and Mr. George Malley. These three men carried the audience with their forceful arguments, and their gestures, appearance and gentlemany manner with which they answered the questions of their opponents were some of the characteristics worthy of men- tion. The San Jose High School, defend- ing the Negative side, was represented by Messrs. Edmond Cylker, Kenneth Johnson and Alvin Langfield. These gentlemen did very well and their showing was far above the ordinary. Of course, it must be admitted that they had the more difficult side of the argument, and yet considering this phase, the worthy Negative brought forth several salient points tending to the non-passage of the bill. Miss Grace Wood, their coach, expressed extreme satisfaction at their showing, and she hopes that the next time her boys may gain a victory, when they again have the occasion to meet Santa Clara in a polemic battle. Mr. Frank T. Lannin, President of the American Legion of the San Jose Post, acted as chairman. The follow- ing gentlemen were judges: Percy ' Conor, Esq., Dr. C. E. Hablutzel, and William J. Cross, Esq. 98 THE REDWOOD 5Iam First Semester The Institute of Law has passed through an- other half-year of ardu- ous labors and another half-year is passed which brings the hard working students closer to their coveted LL. B. The ending of the semester brings a temporary surcease from the text-books, but after a short respite, the new year will bring a new array of legal puz- zles, in the shape of Agency, Torts, In- surance, Bills and Notes, Corporations, and Wills, for the energetic and aspir- ing young barristers to solve. Howev- er, the motto of the future members of the legal profession is: " Never bother trouble till trouble bothers you " ; so the thought of the labor of the coming months, will not deter said young men from enjoying their brief but long looked for vacation. Moot Court The calendar of the Moot Court for the last few sessions of this aug- last body has been occupied with lec- tures by our worthy Judge, the Honor- able James P. Sex. The month, how- ever, was not bereft of sensations, said sensations being furnished on one occa- sion by Attornej Trabucco of the just- ly famous firm of Veit and Trabucco. " Louie " , it seemed had an overpower- ing desire to emulate the masterly " is and are " complaint of Judge Morgan of the firm of Morgan and Walsh, and on the second Monday of November he M as afforded his opportunity, and to say that the future Judge of Mariposa County, rose to the occasion, is putting it quite mildly. Although " Louie " has since been awarded first honors in the Oratorical contest, still those who sat spellbound in the court room that evening, and listened with bated breath to the counsel for the defense, tear to pieces the arguments of the opposing counsel, unanimously agree that the better speech was delivered before the smaller audience. There seems to be a slight diversion of opinion among the auditors of that epoch-making defense — some thinking that Mr. Trabucco omitted to use a preposition or two which can be found in Webster ' s wide- ly read works, while others are of the opinion that he " Outwebstered " Web- ster. However, all agree that the palm formally held by Judge Morgan is now awarded to Louis James Trabucco of Mariposa till the time arrives, (proba- bly in the near future), when some young worthy shall do him one better. Legal Fraternity The Santa Clara Law Fraternity held its first meeting of the year ear- ly in November, and officers were elected for the term of 1921-22. Mr. Henry Veit, the silver-to ngued orator, scribe, poet, etc., from Newark, who steered the " Frat " free from the slioals that threatened to demolish it, during its first trying year, was unani- mously re-elected to the exalted posi- tion of President, Avhich fact in itself is sufficient to insure a successful year to the infant, but by no means the smallest organization of the university. Louis Trabucco, the gentleman from Mariposa, whose thrilling speech on the night of the Oratorical contest, in turns moved the crowd to tears, and riotous laughter, was re-elected to the position of Vice President, from which proud position " Louie " can practice his for- ensic talents on the rest of the embry- onic barristers. To Porter Kerckhoff was delegated the task of endeavoring to pry the boys loose from the " dinero " which shall be used towards the latter part of the year for banquets, formal " hops " , yachting parties, etc. Porter, although hailing from the sunny southland where the oranges and lemons grow in like pro- fusion, exhibits only at intervals that dynamic energy and bubbling enthusi- asm which is usually attributed to sons of the southern clime. Porter ' s persuasive powers nevertheless are of the highest order, although of a dif- THE REDWOOD 99 ferent style than his room-mate, the worthy Vice President, who is a firm advocate of this fine art of diplomacy, while Porter, as those who have watched him perform on the gridiron know, is an exponent of the " direct action " theory. Yes, we all agree that the gentleman from Covina will make an able treasurer. To Martin Walsh was entrusted the onerous hut responsible duty of in- forming the practicing members of the legal profession who formerly pored over the selfsame books and carved their initials on the selfsame desks even as we are want to do, that the Legal " Frat " is not only for the stu- dents, " hie et nunc " registered in the law school, but also for every member, past and present, of the Institute of Law. Martin, although a member of that peculiar class of animals known to the student biologists as " Day-Bug " exhibited remarkable ingenuity in com- pleting his mailing lists by inspecting the desks, the chairs, and the reference books of tlie library, and by this means was enabled to find the names of every student of the Law school since its in- ception. Any alumnus who has not re- ceived a card from friend Martin, should send his name to Mr. Martin Walsh, Corresponding Secretary of the Legal Frat.. and his case will receive immediate attention. To John Logan of Seattle the happy lot of preserving order during the course of the various acrimonious dis- cussions which occur at every meeting, was awarded. Although it is doubtful whether one man can perform such a marvelous feat as this, still it is rum- ored that the gentleman from the land of the totem poles is being tutored by that able exponent of the art of self- defence, " Pop " Rethers, and in the future the Sergeant-at-arms position, shall be capably filled. An executive committee, con.sists of J. Thomas Crowe of Tulare, who is too well known to need an introduc- tion, Eddie Fellows, the jovial little title searcher, and Peter Francis Mor- ettini, San Jose ' s most promising young attorney. The aims and purposes of the " Frat " were detailed by President Veit, and Vice " Prexy " Trabucco was appointed to obtain some alumnus to address the body on some legal subject in the near future. Evidence While in the past it has been customary to al- low the achievements of the lawyers to speak for themselves, the practice of various other organiza- tions throughout the institution, de- tailing the ability of the individual and the collective members of their clubs, societies or organizations, causes the members, o the Law Fraternity to rise up in just ire and to proclaim to the world that we have a few of the lumi- naries of the school in our midst, and 1)ow to no other in this respect. Now take " Jawn " Lewis for in- stance, born and bred in HoUister, whose angel voice can be heard in ev- ery argument that has ever started on the campus. " Jawn " , besides his ar- gumentative proclivities, indulges in philosophy and football as side lines. Charles R. Boden, besides being an orator and scribe of no mean ability, lately broke into the headlines as a firefighter, thus proving that there is such a thing as heredity. It seems that Chas. Raucous Boden, endeavored to chop Sodality Hall down, on a day not long past, in an endeavor to extin- guish a fire in the stove pipe. The in- surance underwriter appraisal show- ed that the only damage that resulted from the blaze was a gaping hole in the side of the building, which they were at loss to account for, owing to the fact that the spot of the supposed fire was so far distant from the said hole. Then we have Jas. O ' Connor, who looks after the athletics, and his trusty side-kicker, " Heinie " Veit, former Student Body President, and at present occupying the Irvin S. Cobb role for various publications. Some one char- acterized the pair as Romeo and Juliet, 100 THE REDWOOD but we eouldn ' t quite figure which was the latter. J. Willis Mollen also is a member of the legal lights, and his main worry- outside of travelling to San Jose every afternoon at three-thirty, is the Stu- dent Manager ' s job, which position he so ably fills. " Stud " Noll, who used to carry his books out on to the football field, list- ens with unconcealed awe to the dis- courses rendered by Mr. Sex on Thurs- day evenings, while Martin Murtha Murphy, his roommate, who used to think up poetry between halves for the Redwood, for which estimable maga- zine he serves as editor, played the tackle opposite " Stud " . Martin often confounds the Profs, with his remark- able perispacity. While we are discussing the ability of the Lawyers at the gentle pastime of football we also have J. Thomas Crowe, who. besides Presiding over Student Body Meetings " shook a mean pair of puppies " on Coach Buckingham ' s ag- gregation, at center position. On the ends and in Dean Coolidge ' s class, shine Porter Kerckhoff and the author, although with rather infrequent bril- liancy. Joe Fitzpatrick hails from Redwood City, and last year Fitz captained the Varsity nine, and his hitting is hard, both in baseball and classwork. In the ranks of the first year men is also enlisted next year ' s baseball Cap- tain, George Haneberg, and his pou- larity around the campus can be attrib- uted to one of three causes, — his ever ready smile, his proficiency in the na- tional sport, or his willingness to type his friends theses or other work for them, when called upon. The one and only " Pop " Rethers also finds time to attend classes at in- tervals, and although he isn ' t a Jess Willard in size, still his training as var- sity yell-leader has stood him in good stead, and though perhaps Lewis can talk longer. Pop would never loose an argument if mere volume counted any- thing. Trabueeo and O ' Shea, members of the second year class, are budding young Daniel Websters and Patrick Henrys, and these two gentlemn are very much in evidence when prizes are awarded in the oratorical contests or debates. Now, far be it from us to lead the public to believe that the Institute of Law runs the University of Santa Clara, but we are endeavoring to con- vey to the world the fact that there are a few lawyers who are quite active in whatever tends to promte the wel- fare of the school at large, and that al- though some of the other organizations within the confines of the University are not unwilling to take the lion ' s share of the credit for the success of different affairs and teams that have done so well this year, still as one So- ciety has remarked, the facts show such and such and consequently credit is due, therefore, taking this statement for what it is Avorth we advance our facts and let others judge. ?Engttt0?nttg It has been noticed that Constitution throughout all the de- partments of the Uni- versity, a general reconstruction is be- ing affected, with the purpose in view of reorganizing and establishing a bet- ter and more efficient system of con- trol. To be consistent with the spirit of the times the Engineering Society seized the opportunity of bettering it- self and the chance of carrying on its work to a more lasting effect. The steady growth of membership necessitated a constant rearranging of the Constitution. As these additions were a constant source of endless dis- cussion and since they in no way ele- vated the dignity of the document, the Executive Board was commissioned to draw up a new Constitution that would THE REDWOOD 101 embody all the fundamental principles of the Society. As a consequence the Society is once more in the field equipped with new armour and implements to carry on its campaign of upholding and advancing the interests of our Alma Mater. It is hoped that the spirit manifested by the present members in the drawing up of the new Constitution will endure, thus providing surety that the Society will benefit by such an important step. News Items Smoker Inasmuch as all spare time will be taken up by preparations for the mid-year examinations, which will no doubt demand more consideration this year than ever before, the Engineers have postponed all social functions un- til the passing of the Christmas Holi- days. However, an informal get-to- gether smoker will be held in the Uni- versity refectory, on the evening of De- cember 13th. The Entertainment Com- mittee is hard at work lining up quite a diversity of gloom-chasers for the oc- casion and they promise many sur- prises. The competent Engineering Orchestra will supply the symphony. The plans for the coming semester will be unfolded and the preparations for a varied program of affairs launched. The students in Engin- eering Shop course are now engaged in turning out furnishings for the newly erected Alumni Lodge, situated in the inner Quadrangle. An entire set of furniture of appropriate Mission style is to be made up in order to comfortably equip the headquarters for former University students. Chairs, tables, filing stands and other ornaments will be completed to fill out the order. With such a program, the Engineers will be kept busy for the coming semes- ter and may still retain their standard as ' doers of things ' . The Program Committee of the Soci- ety, in the way of obtaining lecturers on current topics of engineering pro- jects for the Program meetings, has made out an elaborate list of prospect- ive speakers. All those who have come under the scope of the committee and who have attained prominence in the engineering profession in the vicinity of Santa Clara, will be invited to give a talk on some particular topic. This plan will promote interest in the Soci- ety and will afford the members the benefit of real information seasoned with experience, a welcome service greatly appreciated by the student. A glance at the register- Visitors in the Alumni Lodge shows the names of the following " old boys " who dropped in at the University during the past few days: Dr. Alexander T. Leonard, Jr., ' 10, Vice-President of the Alumni As- sociation; Rev. Carl A. Dransfeld, Ex.- ' 12, Assistant Pastor of St. Francis Church, San Francisco ; Orestes J. Ore- na, ' 77, of Santa Barbara; Thomas Concannon, Ex.- ' 16, of Livermore; George L. Woolrich, ' 87, of San Francisco ; John W. McCail, Ex.- ' 10, of San Francisco ; William Anderson, Ex.- ' 28, of San Francisco ; Edward M. Leonard, ' 00, of San Francisco ; John Muldoon, Ex.- ' 20, of Oakland; James A. Bacigalupi, ' 03, of San Francisco ; and De Witt Le Bourveau, Ex.- ' 19. Sacramento Club The Sacramento Club held a dinner on No- vember 1st, the occa- sion being the visit of Fr. Maher. Many of the old timers, as well as the young- er members of Santa Clara ' s Alumni attended. Following is a list of those present: Rt. Rev. P. J. Keane, Auxili- ary Bishop of Sacramento, Rev. Zache- us J. Maher, Rev. E. J. Ryan, of Santa Clara, J. F. Campbell of Colusa, Rob- ert Keefe of Folsom, H. R. Hogan of Oakland, " Rube " Foster of Knights Landing, Arthur K. Brennan of Loom- is, De Witt Le Bourveau of Marysville, Paul Leake of Woodland, and the fol- lowing from Sacramento : Marco S. Zar- ick, T. A. Farrel, Gerald M. Desmond, Dr. H. E. Morrison, Dr. George Joyce Hall, Thomas Ford, Steven Graham, George H. Casey, A. B. Foley, Ferd. Basler, Earl D. Desmond, E. L. Frank, Jay Hughes, William A. Griffith, Ed- ward Hessler, Francis L. Rooney, Ger- ald Fitzgerald, George McGinnis, Carlos McClatchy, A. I. Diepenbrock, M. B. Peterson, John F. O ' Neil, Harry Han- Ion, Joseph Diepenbrock, Earl 0. Schnetz and Winnie Cutter. Fresno Club A San Joaquin Valley Branch, or Unit, of the Alumni Association, of the University of Santa Clara, was in- stituted on Sunday, November 20th, in the city of Fresno. Prior to the insti- tution proper, there was a football game between the Santa Clara Varsity and the American Legion team of Fres- no, at the Fresno Speedway. Although the rooting was naturally decidedly for Fresno, the score was just as naturally in favor of Santa Clara. Following the game, organization was effected at the University Club. M. E. Griffith, A. B. ' 98, LL. B. ' 16, was elected president; Herbert Mc- Dowell of Fresno, LL. B., ' 16, first vice president; J. Walter Schmitz of Ma- dera, A. B. ' 07, second vice president; Felix J. Galtes, ' 02, third vice presi- dent ; and Frank A. Willey, LL. B. ' 16, secretary-treasurer. Following the business session, the meeting adjourned to the rectory of St. Alphonsus Church of Fresno, where a very elaborate banquet was served and a most enjoyable evening spent, the main feature of which was a most in- spiring address by Rev. Fr. Maher, S. J., President of the University, on the 102 THE REDWOOD 103 aims and ideals of the University, his plans for the physical betterment of the University, in keeping with its scholastic attainments and the co-oper- ation and support he hoped for and anticipated receiving at the hands of the Alumni. Addresses were also made by Rev. E. J. Ryan, S. J., Coach Buckingham, Chauncey Tramutolo, B. S. ' 12, LL. B. 14, President of the Alumni Associa- tion ; Rev. P. J. McGrath, Pastor of St. John ' s Church, Fresno, and Father Pathe of St. Alphonsus Church, Fresno. The newly elected President of the Fresno Club, M. E. Griffith, presided as toastmaster. Among those present, in addition to the above named were: Geo. C. Boles, Ex- ' 16, B. W. Gearhart, Ex-14, Dis- trict Attorney of Fresno County, N. C. Whealen, ' 06, all of Fresno; Wm. Scally, ' 00, of Lemoore, and Wm. Cur- tin, ' 04, of Madera. This marks the forging of one more link in our chain of Alumni Clubs throughout the state, and we feel sure that the Fresno Club will be one of the strongest links of this chain. Oakland Club On the evening of No- vember 15th, a large number of the " Old Boys " from Oakland and the surround- ing vicinity congregated in the Blue Room of the Hotel Oakland for the purpose of organizing a Santa Clara Club for the district. Heretofore the San Francisco Club, by virtue of its prior organization, had laid claim to all of the East Bay District. However, with characteristic Santa Clara spirit and undaunted by the fact that our dis- trict lies within the very shadows of the walls of rival colleges, we met at the direction of William J. Kieferdorf, ' 00, in the Hotel Oakland, and with the enthusiastic support of all present the Oakland Club was established. It was discovered that the members of the Alumni Association in this district, which includes Berkeley, Alameda, Martinez, Hayward, and the Liver- more valley, totals 81, but with the assistance of some of those present at tlie meeting the names and addresses of approximately 20 more Santa Clara boj ' s were discovered, which brings the total in this district up to 100. The meeting was graced by the pres- ence of Fr. Zacheus Maher, S. J., Presi- dent of the University, and Fr. E. J. Ryan, S. J., also of the University. Father Maher ' s fame as a speaker had preceded him, but those who were for- tunate enough to be present were treat- ed to an address far beyond their ex- pectations, an address which warmed them by its friendliness, stirred them by its ardor and enthusiasm, and roused up in them all of the old love for their Alma Mater. Father Maher is now engaged in promulgating a new building plan for the University, and this was the subject of his address. Immediately following Father Ma- her ' s address the following members were elected as officers of the Oakland (Jlub for the ensuing year: President, William J. Kieferdorf, of Oakland; Vice-President, William T. Knightly, of Play ward; Treasurer, Dr. James Ennis, of Oakland; and Secretary, H. Ray- mond Hall, of Oakland. Thereupon an executive committee was appointed by President Kieferdorf consisting of Rev. T. J. O ' Connell, Dr. 0. D. Hamlin, Edward F. Green, Dr. Cornelius Devine, Raymond W. Kear- ney, and Joseph R. Aurrecoechea. Fr. Ryan, S. J., gave an interesting talk on the organization of Santa Clara Clubs throughout the country. He em- phasized the necessity of co-operation between members of the Santa Clara Alumni, stating that the Alumni by banding closely together and helping one another would tend to insure the success of each member, whose success would in turn redound to the glory of Santa Clara. George A. Nicohlson of San Jose, outlined the organization of the San Jose Club, and gave useful hints to the Oakland Club. A short address was also given by 104 THE REDWOOD Martin V. Merle, who is going to pro- duce the Mission Play at Santa Clara University during the first week in May, 1922. These addresses were fol- lowed by enthusiastic talks from Dr. Devine, Alvin McCarthy, Elmer Mc,- Kinnon and Dr. Maher. Dr. Maher made interesting suggestions concern- ing various modes of entertainment for the next meeting, and following a reso- lution that the entertainment commit- tee take notice of the heretofore con- cealed ability of Bill Kieferdorf as a Bass Horn Tooter, the meeting ad- journed. . , The Los Angeles Club Los Angeles - t act- " ive of our vaious Alum- ni Clubs scattered throughout the state. After learning from Rev. Pr. Maher, S. J., that a meeting of all clubs had been held for the purpose of rais- ing funds to erect an Alumni Science Hall, and that they were next in line, the Southern Alumni proceeded to spread the word that a get-together meeting had been arranged for the eve- ning of Nov. 22, in the blue room at the L. A. A. C. Eleven captains were selected and ten men were appointed to each to be brought to the meeting, the following being selected: John Barn- ard, ' 12; Walter Jackson, Ex- 17; J. Herlihy, ' 16; Nick Martin, ' 16; James Fitzpatrick, ' 15 ; Harold Cashin, ' 21 ; J. A. Cronin, Ex- ' 23; Ike Lindly, Ex- ' 19; A. Bessolo, Ex- ' 18; Joe Parker, Ex- ' 18; Tom Donlon, ' 07. These men were largely responsible for the successful meeting which took place. Proof of the loyal spirit of the Southern Californian is shown by the fact that Tom Donlon brought over a half a dozen from Oxnard, that Ike Lindly brought several from the Citrus Belt in and around Ontario, and that even from San Diego came Nick Martin and several others. J. Vincent Hannon lead the delegates from the class of ' 89. Many others, who could not make arrangements to attend the meeting, promised that they would be at the next one, among these were John Mott, ' 93; Walter Temple, ' 86; Billy Rowland, ' 61, and Hon. Orestes Orena, ' 77. Hon. Joseph Scott, ' 07, also sent word that he would at- tend the meeting in January for the reception of Fr. Maher. The attend- ance at the meeting exceeded sixty, and not less than one hundred and twenty are expected at the next gathering. All of which goes to prove our statement of the progressiveness of the Los Ange- les Club. San Jose Club December 6th was a red-letter date for the San Jose unit of the Alumni Association. More than one hundred members of the local club sat down to a splendid dinner in the Stu- dents Refectory at the University and enjoyed the rally that followed. Mem- I ' ers answered the call and came in from the highways and byways to at- test their loyalty to Alma Mater, and many were the handshakes that were exchanged in the spirit of brotherly conclave that prevailed in the time- honored dining hall. Grey-haired " old boys " of Santa Clara ' s infancy joked across the table with the younger gen- eration, and tales were told out of school without fear of infringing the rules. It was seven o ' clock when the guests sat down to dinner after greet- ing one another in the hospitable loung- ing room in Alumni Lodge. The effi- cient hand of the painstaking Minister, Rev. Father Brainard, was constantly evident throughout the unexcelled menu, and the University Jazz Orches- tra played delightful selections be- tween the novel and interesting stunts that were staged. When the cigars were lighted. Rev. Father Maher, Santa ( ' lara ' s new and already beloved Pres- ident, in whose honor the rally was held, stood up and addressed the as- sembled guests. He told them the story of Santa Clara and of Santa Clara ' s growing needs. And as he warmed up to the tale the guests warmed with him, and to his ringing words which THE REDWOOD 105 went straight to the heart of every man in the room. When the President finished speaking they cheered him to the echo, renewing their pledge of loy- alty to Alma Mater and their support of her worthy cause. " It Can Be Done! — It Will Be Done! " was the cry that came from each one. With the other units in the Association, an Jose knows it is on the testing ground and its assurance is " to make good " . Through George A. Nicholson, ' 17, President of the San Jose unit, who oc- cupied the chair at the rally, this as- .surance was guaranteed ; and further, that no member of the unit will quit on the job until the aim in view is real- ized. The speakers of the evening Avere : Nicholas Bowden, Edward Rea, Victor Seheller, Thos. Monahan, Dr. Frederick Gerlaeh, C. C. Coolidge, and James P. Sex. San Francisco Club Not to be oi tdone by the other units in the Alumni Association the San Francisco Club came off with fly- ing colors on the occasion of their din- ner and rally in honor of Rev. Father Maher, S. J., the new President of Santa Clara. This history-making event took place at the Commercial Club, in the Merchant ' s Exchange Building in San Francisco on the eve- ning of December 14th, and for real spirit and enthusiastic character it has never been excelled. The San Fran- cisco unit is the largest in numbers in the entire association and the members responded to the call in a manner to warm the cockles of the most frigid heart. Former classmates sat down in groups of comraderie at the diferent ta- bles which were dressed in red and white carnations. Santa Clara pen- nants graced the walls, and behind tlie speakers table a large banner was in- scribed as follows: " It Can Be Done — It Will Be Done!— U Mu.st Do It! " Old-timers greeted ex-students of re- cent years and, as usual, the famous Class of ' 87 was to the fore with its old-time spirit. All of the officers of the Alumni Association were present, and these included Chauneey F. Trara- ntolo, ' 12, President; Dr. Alexander T. Jjeonard, ' 10, Vice-President; Henry C. Veit, ' 20, Secretary; John J. Collins, ' 04, Treasurer; and Rev. Edmond J. Ryan, S. J., Faculty Moderator. Dr. Alexander S. Keenan, ' 95, presided, and preceding Rev. Father Maher the speakers were James A. Baeigalupi, ' 03, Vice-President of the Bank of Italy, and Mr. Richard P. Doolan. Rev. Father Maher took as his topic Santa Clara ' s new slogan: " It Can Be Done — It Will Be Done, " and built up an elo- quent appeal to the Alumni Association to rally to the cause of Alma Mater ' s determination to place herself to the fore with other educational institu- tions throughout the country. He painted with broad firm strokes a word picture of Santa Clara ' s proud past and his hearers glowed before the warmth of its future glory as he sketched it bit by bit. And when he brought his stirring address to a dra- matic close three mighty cheers were raised for the new President and for Santa Clara, and a pledge given that " it will be done; and WE will do it! " The evening was enlivened with music and special entertainment features, to- gether with a number of novel surprise stunts. Tully Marshall, the well- ' 81 known screen star, and for- merly one of the leading lights of the American legitimate stage, is one of " the old boys " of whom Santa Clara is justly proud. As Tully Phillips, in the early eighties, he already gave unusual promise of the brilliant success that he was to attain later on the stage and screen, and in those days he was one of the bright particular stars of the Senior Dra- matic Club. Always an ornament to the legitimate stage, he forsook the lat- ter for the silent drama several years ago. At present he is identified with the picture production being made un- der the direction of his wife, known 106 THE REDWOOD professionally as Marian Fairfax, producer of nationwide reputation. ' 87 George L. Woolrich gave a party at the University on Sunday, Nov. 27th. His guests were eight young men, all clerks from the Wells Fargo Nevada National Bank of San Francisco, where George has been a fixture ever since he left Santa Clara. The party motored down in two machines and the only regret Avas that " The Padre of the Rains " did not furnish a day of blue skies and bright sunshine for which the valley is so famous. However, the weather did not militate against the royal good time enjoyed by the visitors. It started with an impromptu reception at Alumni Lodge, extended over an excellent din- ner in the Students Refectory, where they were made to feel the Santa Clara hospitality at the hands of the Student Body, and included a tour of the cam- pus and University in general. Each Tuember of the party, from the Ches- terfieldian George all the way down the line, wore the Santa Clara colors, but not one of them with more pride tlian young William Anderson, Ex- ' 28, a former High School student, who was among the guests. The party was but another instance of the splendid spirit that has always marked George Woolrich ' s pride in his Alma Mater. On October 15th William J. ' 00 Kieferdorf was united in marriage to Mrs. May Cook, at the Cathedral of the Blessed Sacra- ment in Sacramento. The marriage ceremony was performed at a nuptial Mass by His Grace, Bishop Keane, an old friend of the groom ' s. The Red- wood extends congratulations to the happy couple. During his student days " Billy " Kieferdorf took a keen inter- est in all college activities and was the violinist of the famous " Ceeilian Trio, ' ' the like of which has never been duplicated on the campus. At present he is connected with the Trust and Legal department of the Bank of Italy in San Francisco, and makes his home in Oakland. A second member of the " Ceeilian Trio " was Edward I. Leake, at present Editor of the " Woodland Democrat. " Ed ' s talent as a cornetist at one time attracted the attention of the celebrat- ed John Philip Sousa, who offered the young student a long-term contract to join his famous band on concert tour. But Ed had already set his mind on a newspaper career and the success with which he is meeting proved that his judgment was not misplaced. Carl A. Fitzgerald was the ' 01 third member of the fa- mous trio, and the only one to follow a musical career. Upon his graduation from Santa Clara he en- tered Stanford, and later taught music at his Alma Mater. After his marriage to Miss Lillie Ruth of Santa Clara, he built a beautiful home in the Mission town, and for a number of years has been the organist at St. Joseph ' s Church in San Jose. He is also organist at the Hippodrome Theatre in San Jose, besides conducting large private classes in piano and organ. He is rec- ognized as one of the leading musicians on the Pacific Coast, and reflects credit on his early training in the old piano room at Santa Clara. Incidentally, it would be a treat to the present genera- tion if the old " Ceeilian Trio " could be brought together for a concert under the auspices of one of the University organizations. Gerald Paul Beaumont ' s Ex- ' 07 rapid rise to fame in the literary world has been watched by all lovers of good, clean sport stories all over the United States, but nowhere with greater interest or pride than at Santa Clara, which counts him a worthy alumnus. With astounding rapidity he has reached the heights, as the following tribute from the pen of Carl E. Harriman, a well-known critic and editor of three THE REDWOOD 107 important montlily magazines, bears witness: " Beaumont ' s remarkable stories have attracted the attention ol ' the sport fans and general reading public alike. Whether the sport is baseball, prize-fighting, horse-racing or football, he is the one man in America today who has been acclaimed by ex- perts to be the best. " Certainly a high estimate of a writer still well under forty years of age. Dodd, Mead Co., publishers, have already brought out his collection of baseball stories, under the title of ' ' Hearts and the Diamond ' ' ; and are about to issue two of his novels, likewise of the national sport. Re- cently Current Literature republished his " LiT or Red Stockings, " which appeared originally in The Red Book; and a recent contribution to the Sat- uijday Evening Post was Beaumont ' s " His Honor, The ' Umps, " another classic of the diamond. " The Referee, " appearing in The Red Book, is now undergoing the process of filmization under the able direction of Ralph Ince, and will be issued under the Selznick l)anner, starring the well-knoAvn screen actor, Conway Tearle. One of the lead- ing monthly magazines has contracted for Beaumont ' s entire output for the text two years, with the promise that a sport story from his pen will appear between its covers every month during that period. During his three years at Santa Clara Gerald Beaumont was a force in all student body activities. Be- sides being an excellent student, he was an all-round athlete ; one of the leading members of the Philalethic Senate ; a regular contributor to The Redwood, and a member of its literary staff; and one of the best actors that ever trod the boards under the banner of the Senior Dramatic Society. He created the leading role in Martin V. Merle ' s " The Light Eternal, " before it reached the professional stage ; and his interpretation of the difficult role of Arehelaus, in Clay M. Greene ' s " Pas- sion Play, " was one of the outstand- ing triumphs of that production. Since leaving college Beaumont has been identified with several of the leading newspapers in the Bay region, and for three years held the post of head pub- licity man for the Southern Pacific Co. He resides in Alameda, where the j reater part of his writing is done. ' 10 Edmond S. Lowe continues to add to his laurels on the dramatic stage, and to re- flect glory on the early training he re- ceived in the Senior Dramatic Club at Santa Clara. Two seasons ago, as leading man with Leonore Ulrich in " The Son-Daughter, " at the Belasco Theatre, he enjoyed the distinction of appearing under the direction of David Belasco, America ' s Napoleon of the drama ; and the following season found him still in New York, this time a fea- tured player in the famous All-Star oast of the London and Paris snecess. " In the Night Watch. " This season finds his close to stardom in the lead- ing role in New York ' s foremost dra- matic success, " The Right to Strike; " dr-.scribed as a new angle in the world- old fight between capital anl labor. Speaking of Lowe ' s performance in this play one of the leading New York reviewers says: " Edmond Lowe as Dr. Wrigley, although the character throughout has line after line of argu- mentive intensity, never for a moment fell to ranting, and although forceful and convincing, never stepped over the line. His clear-cut, cameo-like per- formance will easily raidv as one of the very best individual performances in the American theatre this season. " To his success as an actor Edmond Lowe has added success on the screen, having appe ared during the past two years in the support of a number of the most prominent stars on the silver sheet. None of the foregoing is a surprise to those Santa Clarans who recall his per- formance of Nathaniel in " The Passion Play; " Claudius in " Constantine, " and his masterful interpretation of the dif- ficult role of Matthias in " The Bells. " To his degree of A. B. in 1910 Edmond Lowe added an A. M. the following year. 108 THE REDWOOD Among the " old-timers " Ex- ' 10 who dropped into Alumni Lodge last month none was more welcome than John W. Mc- Call, who attended Santa Clara in ' 06, ' 07 and ' 08. " Bill " has been something of a globe-trotter since his college days and still manages to keep on the move in the interest of the Kelly- Springfield Tire Co., of which concern he is a representative up and down the Pacific Coast. His various intineraries have brought him in touch with many former students of his time and his reports on the same gave his visit the flavor of a regular old-time " home- coming week. " Bill ' s particular cam- pus was Lloyd Bacon, son of the fa- mous star of the New York comedy success, " Lightnin ' , " which recently broke all records for a long-time run, extending over three years at the Gaiety Theatre in the eastern metropo- lis. Incidentally, Lloyd is wearing his father ' s histrionic boots, but they are of another color; the younger Bacon meeting with splendid success in the silent drama as portrayed on the silver sheet. ' 12 C. M. Castruccio is becom- quite prominent in legal circles in Los Angeles. " Cass " still remembers Santa Clara and is one of our most enthusiastic boosters in the southland. The fol- lowing from the Los Angeles Times gives still more news concerning him : " At Holy Cross Church Miss Mary Canepa, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Nicholas Canepa, became the bride of C. M. Castruccio, son of Mrs. J. S. Cas- truccio, member of two old Los An- geles families. Rev. Father ' Gorman, pastor of Holy Cross, performed the ceremony and celebrated the nuptial " Miss Romilda Castruccio was maid of honor, and Louis J. Canepa was best man. The bride and bridegroom have a wide circle of friends in Southern California. She is a graduate of Im- maculate Heart Convent, and received her M. A. degree from the University of Southern California, after which she taught in the local high schools. Mr. Castruccio is a graduate of Santa Clara University and also Columbia Univer- sity, where he completed his law course. He is now associated with Louis J. Canepa, brother of the bride, in the practice of law, a partnership result- ing after their having served together for many months on the battlefields of France. " A breakfast was served at the home of the bride ' s parents, attended by rela- tives of both families, after which the young couple left for a trip to the Grand Canyon. " On October 15th Richard V. ' 13 Bressani took off enough time from his busy law of- fice to slip a wedding ring on the will- ing finger of Miss Emma Nicora of San Jose, the ceremony being blessed by Rev. Father Boland, S. J., who has long since lost count of the number of nuptial knots he has tied for former Santa Clarans. " Dick " stole a march on the rice-throwing brigade and hurlers of old shoes, for no one knew he had departed on his honeymoon un- til after he returned. And yet they say: " A lawyer can ' t keep his mouth shut. " After making his A. B. in ' 13, Dick completed his law course at Santa Clara two years following. He is lo- cated in the Bank of Italy Bldg. in San Jose. ' 17 Joseph Aurrecoechea, one of the most enthusiastic supporters Santa Clara has ever had, is back with us again. This time it is in the role of basketball coach, and from the way the boys are traveling over in the gym. every night, and from the finer points of the game " Joe " is imparting to them, we feel confident that his efforts will be te- vvarded. The career of " Joe Sneeze " here at the University is a varied and interesting one. Besides being athletic manager for several years, and manag- THE REDWOOD 109 m ' many of the best teams that Santa Clara has ever turned out, Joe had his hands in all the other student activities carried on during his time. His work as business manager of the " Redwood " is a model for his successors. The base- hall team that made such a successful tour to the Islands in ' 16 was under his management. Rut " Joe " did not for- get his Alma Mater when he left, in fact, his work since then has equalled that accomplished while he was a stu- dent. Besides coaching this year ' s basketball team " Joe " has promised to take charge of the rodeo that is to be held at the end of the year, in connec- tion with the reproduction of Martin V. Merle ' s Mission Play, and the other events that will go to make up the cele- bration of the hundredth anniversary of Santa Clara Mission. We can ' t commenc-e to thank " Joe " for all that he has done and is doing for Santa Clara, and we hold him up as an ex- ample to other members of the alumni in the hopes that they will in some manner follow in his footsteps. Ex.- ' 18 James E. Bean, Jr., is the proud father of an infant son born during the Thanks- giving holidays. The child has been christened James Edwin Bean, III, and it is doubtful who is the prouder James Edwin, II or James Edwin, I. John Muldoon was a visitor Ex.- ' 19 on the campus for a few hours on the first of the month. " Bag " was quite prominent in athletics while at Santa Clara, hav- ing played Varsity rugby and Amer- ican football for four years. He was also a member of the Ail-American rugby team that made such an enviable name for itself at Antwerp in 1920. Having sold all the available automo- biles in Oakland and San Francisco, Muldoon is now connected with the Standard Oil Company. If " Bag " still possesses the long-winded elo- quence he had while at Santa Clara we have no doubt of his success. For some weeks past Louis ' 20 Buty has been dropping in on us from San Francisco, on his way to the Garden City, and now we have the reason for the clocklike regularity of Lou ' s calls. None other than Miss Esther Sullivan, of the city of San Jose, whom Louis has but re- cently married. Congratulations, Louis ; and our best brand of wishes for the happy and successful future we know you will have. Buty will be remembered by many of the older fellows, as one of the most active members of the student body, having held several offices in that or- ganization. He also held office in both houses of the literary congress, besides exhibiting an admirable interest in, and giving his support to all other student activities. " We are looking forward to his speedy advance to presidency of the Foreign Exchange Department of the Bank of Italy, with which he is now associated. An example of Buty ' s en- terprise is to be had in the fact that besides caring for his newly acquired wife, and his banking operations, he is also continuing his studies in the law school at St. Ignatius. Jimmy O ' Council of the Ex.- ' 23 San Francisco Seals drop- ped in on us a few days be- fore Thanksgiving holidays. " Jim " was a star first sacker of the baseball varsity of 1919. He is now doing ad- mirable work in the same position with Ty Cobb ' s aggregation of Winter Leaguers. During the past Coast League season Jimmy showed himself to be a comer for the big leagues. Santa Clara fans are wishing Jim all success. If the October and November num- bers that we have received can be taken as a criterion, then we may expect an avalanche of instructive essays and a great deal of successful verse during: the ensuing year. The short story, however, is not so secure. Our obser- vation is that prose has always pre- sented many difficulties to the col- legiate story teller. Of course no one could expect these stories to possess the finish of the professional hand, bul we would suggest that it is not impos- sible for even the amateur to write nat- urally rather than " derivedly; " or worse still in a manner that shows clearly traces of the ' lamp ' s smoke ' . A good story is not written overnight. The late Chas. Hadden Chambers used more than two years to complete " Passers-by, " and what is more re- markable did not record a single word until the story was complete in every detail in his mind. Our humble opinion is that the great majority of our attempts at story writ- ing will emerge from mediocrity into that group that we are pleased to refer to as " exceptionally good " if we cease " forcing " and give naturalness a turn at the pen. _, _ . The excellence of the The Boston g 1 College Stylus j - f J - cleverly designed covers. Each contri- bution seems happily to be nf just the length that best insures its fullest ad- vantage from being lost. From the standpoint of the English student, as well as the general student (if there be such a class in the educa- tional world) the essay " Did Francis Bacon Write Shakespeare? " is the most compelling article. On a first reading we are ready to ask a number of questions, but on a second perusal we discover that the essayist has anticipated each and every one of these questions and answered them completely. There are three other essays, each of Avhich bears wit- ness to the contributor ' s thorough preparation. " Catholicism In Eng- lish Literature, " points out in a forc- ible manner the difficulty of ascertain- ing just how strongly English litera- ture has been influenced by Catholicity. The essayist is at all times sure of him- self and presents his views in well- chosen language. " The Influence of the Crusades on European Civiliza- tion " appeals at once to the intellectu- al reader. The true position of the Church and her accomplishments dur- ing the chaotic mediaeval times is set out in a vigorous and sincere way. Articles of this description and worth would be well destined to clarify false impressions and determine this contro- versy once for all were it not for the arbitrary state of the bigoted mind that opposes the truth. Whether Ar- thur of legendary fame was myth or man is the problem that inspired " The Arthurian Legends. " The essayist wisely undertakes not to settle this controverted point, but to present all the interesting facts that must be con- sidered if the reader would choose to decide for himself. If we care not one way or the other, we can at least enjoy the style of execution. There is but a single short story in 110 THE REDWOOD 111 this number. " The Stranger " is a yarn that is both brilliant and unusual and moves logically and steadily to its climax. Our hatred for the ferocious tiger slowly but surely turns to sym- pathy when we behold his ever-failing struggle for self-preservation in a clime and country Avhich must ulti- mately sound his death knell. " Apud Poetas " is a special depart- ment dedicated, as the name implies, to poesy. The aim, as set out by its conductor, is exceedingly praiseworthy, and a firm adherence to it can only spell fulfill- ment. " The Haunted Valley " aims at Aveirdness and finds its mark. " To Mother " is a tribute that is worthy (•f its subject. The suggestion is ex- tremely beautiful in " The Lament of Hope " and the workmanship all that it should be. The theme is apt to be dis- appointing to one who has grown to see all things through the material eye. " The Goldenrod " is marked not only by simplicity of subject, but of lan- guage and style as well. In " The De- serted Roadway " there is something of the plaintiveness of the sensitive heart suggested in its lines. It is a beautiful thought, and well composed, too. " Tell Me Not " is derived and hence, loses much of its charm. " The Answer " is warmed by earnest passion and the language is carefully selected. One poem escaped this department. " The Pall of Leaves " penetrates far and daring into the fields of imagery to bring out an absolutely new associ- ation with the falling leaves in autumn. The work is purely fanciful and figu- rative in style, and refreshing in effect. The Boston College Stylus, judging from this number, is assured of another successful year in journalism. Tj«i„ n r.„c nothing else were Holy Cross contained in the " Holy iurpie (. gg Purple " (Wor- cester, Mass.), but its verse, it would bo entitled to be judged a highly com- mendable accomplishment. The beauty of the night, with all its alluring dreams and comforting tran- quility, are charmingly spread before us in " Nocturne. " " Mandy ' s Eighteen " is written in negro dialect. The poet proved himself an able artist and the result is a rollicking verse kindled by a great deal of bubbling humor. We are given to see something of the custom of the mystic East in " Adela, Daughter of Achmed. " The story im- pressively exemplifies the moral that wealth is the very least of all things. The descriptive matter and language are well adapted to this type of story. The first installment of a two-part story " In Southern Seas " is an excel- lent piece of literature in all respects. The style is such that interest cannot lag and one immediately wishes that the final chapters might be procurable at once. This story was written with considerable pains. Beyond a doubt the versifier was (aught in a light-hearted mood when he penned the breezy bit of verse that is labelled " Distraction. " There is beauty in every phase of God ' s handi- work ; yea, even in fireflies ! Witness the splendor of " The Dance of the Fire- flies! " The work particularly abounds in rich smile and metaphor. The single essay, " The Divinity of Discontent, " is brimful of truth and logic. Content, as is shown, is indeed dangerous to youth. It is man ' s dis- satisfaction with his lot that advances civilization. The essayist is quite right when he declares that content is not conducive to real happiness. No one who has read this well-prepared essay can complain of having spent time to no advantage. It is both stimulating in diction and sound in reason. The editorial columns are replete with bright and up-to-the-minute arti- cles. Something of the real value and possibilities of the collegiate magazine are pointed out. It is quite true that the genuine worth and dignity of our publications are seldom appreciated. It shall continue to remain a pleasure to review the " Holy Cross Purple " while its present aim toward superior- ity is maintained. 112 THE REDWOOD _. It is a pleasure to pick Dusquesne Dusquesne montmy Monthly " (Dusquesne University, Pittsburg, Pa.), for Novem- ber and find variety and quality its guiding factors. " Autumn Leaves " puts us into an expectant mood and safely shows the way into a field of enjoyable literary fruits. Anyone who has really appre- ciated the full beauty of Autumn can- not fail to enter into the spirit of this poem. It is primarily descriptive in form, but skirts the borders of fancy in a pleasing manner. What is more important to consider in life than man ' s ultimate end? " Finality of Life " considers man ' s specific nature and concludes by showing that the pursuit of happiness must be the last end of human exis t- ence. The matter in this essay is, of course, not new, but the composition is nicely rounded out and altogether readable. No one but a gifted writer could suc- cessfully treat such a subject as Dante in a mere three-hundred word essay. But " The Poet Divine " falls short in one other regard: a short essay has no room for lengthy quotations from others. " The Sheriff ' s Romance, " an en- tertaining tale, teems with the spirit of the West. The action is rapid and the interest sustained throughout. There are a few instances where the continuity is threatened and the pro- gress weakened by apologetic expres- sions. " The Burglar " is but half told and suffers as a consequence, it is diffi- cult to understand how the writer could have overlooked the splendid humorous possibilities that the plot of- fers. For all that the work plainly intimates that it was handled by one who is capable of a worthy narrative. The blunt and audacious title " How to Study " rang like a challenge, but we found it to be sympathetic and in no wise presumptive. The need of hard work is emphasized, but an appeal to develop a real interest for study is the immediate purpose. The lack of seri- ous application by the modern student is justly decried. " Dusquesne " is a spii ' ited tribute to the writer ' s Alma Mater. Force and sincerity are offered rather than poet- ical elegance. In the editorial department we found a jewel in ' ' Courtesy. ' ' This article is brief and to the point. It is a needed tonic in this bustling age when it seems quite the proper thing to trod on an- other ' s toes and then stab him with ocular barbs of contempt instead of offering words of apology. To be sure a courteous act costs nothing, but its value is immeasurable. " Charity Be- gins at Home ' ' is another editorial that cannot be passed over without com- ment. We must refuse to accept the state of our affairs as presented. There is no real food shortage in America ; there is simply a need of systematic distribution. We congratulate the new staff, and are glad to know that we can continue to read the " Dusquesne Monthly " with the pleasure of former years. The " The Mountaineer " Mountaineer (Mt. Saint Mary ' s College, Emmitsburg, Pa.), for November is one of the most complete and dignified journals that we have received this semester. To the pen that created the story " Pere Lebourg " we acknowledge our indebtedness for a generous portion of genuine enjoyment. This tale rather evades description when we attempt to explain its main appeal. Our intro- duction to a phase of Parisian life that it apt to escape the notice of even the wariest tourist, as well as an intimate rub with some of the idiosyncrasies of the French, are factors that contribute greatly to our pleasure. " Cannon ' s Boom, " a story of confidence men and " hicks, " guarantees to give the maxi- mum smileage. The tale is so told that humor is constantly lurking near- by and ever ready to dart out. We, who are in the throes of a mad THE REDWOOD 113 struggle for June degrees, are not apt to be interested in valedictories, but we can ahvays appreciate reading an ad- dress that is straightforward and good. The valedictory for ' 21 is nicely or- dered and must have been very effect- ive if properly delivered. Three oratorical compositions stand out in this issue like so many precious jewels. The first, " Immigration, " opens up very effectively a controversy that these United States must ulti- mately consider. The orator-writer takes the view that aliens should be barred. Permitting sincerity to be the measure of his confirmed belief, the effect is very convincing. A eulogy to a great man and an illustrious priest is recorded in " James Cardinal Gib- bons. " This tribute voices in glowing terms a bereaved nation ' s love for the grand old man of Maryland. " The Catholic Church and Popular Amuse- ments " makes plain the Church ' s pres- ent stand on the tendency of modern amusements. This declamation visual- izes the need of cleaner theatrical and cinematographic exhibitions and points out the need of correction and our duty in the matter. The spirit is neither apologetic or, to the contrary, antago- nistic, but at all times polite and firm. " Nightfall, " in verse, is as soft and charming as the strains of a Beethoven rendition. " Whip-Poor-Will " is great- ly estranged in style from " Nightfall, " but its beauty cannot be eclipsed by that choice page of verse. It leaves within us a lingering strain of some- thing akin to melancholy. " Disarm " supports the cry of the hour and points to the cross-dotted fields of France as the outstanding reason why the next war should never be. " To a Child " is a simple little sonnet in three verses that brushes away present troubles and allows us a backward glimpse into the happy and carefree days of childhood. On concluding our reading of " The Mountaineer " we could only feel glad for having had a chance to review it. S. C. Varsity 14 The Sunday following the Agnetian Club game the U. S. Marine Corps team from Mare Island journeyed from their insular home to do battle with the Red and White Varsity. Up to this game the Santa Clarans had yet to be scored on, and the " Leathernecks " came down full of determination and with the feeling that they would give the Santa Clara boys a good " trim- ming. " Well, they did give the Mis- sionites the best competition they had experienced so far, and they never once let upon their drive until the final whistle had ended the game. At all times the.y played a fine, clean game, and to them goes the credit of being the first and only team to cross the Santa Clara goal line. The first quarter was a see-saw af- fair, with neither team able to make any appreciable gains. Up and down the field the moleskin warriors tussled and fought, but the timekeeper ended their efforts with the score 0-0. The second quarter started with a rush, and after three minutes had elapsed " Runt " Rianda, the little half- back, carried the ball over for the first score of the game. This quarter was marked by the efficient use of the new shift play introduced by Coach Buck- ingham this year. After the initial tally had been racked up, neither side was able to take the ball over again, and the half ended with Santa Clara on the long end of a 7-0 score. After a rest the Marines seemed to Marines 9 have gained new life, for they " snap- ped into it, " and the Red and White gridders did not have the easy pickings that they had in the first and second quarters. After receiving the kickoff, the Marines began to fight, and carried the ball to the Missionites 20-yard line by bucking the Santa Clara line. After two unsuccessful attempts at forward passing, Clarke, the diminutive Devil Dog quarterback, broke through the center of the Mission line, and after a run of twenty yards, hung up the first score of the season against the Prune Pickers. Shortly after this spectacu- lar play, the quarter ended, and the score board read, Santa Clara 7, Ma- rines 7. The fourth period opened with the Marines receiving the kickoff, and failing to make their yardage on their next downs. The Collegians were fighting with every bit of their strength for a score. They brought the ball down to the Marines five-yard line twice, but each time the opposi- tion held against their plunges, and the Santa Clarans lost possession of the leather egg. On one of these failures to bring home the bacon, Huffman, playing right half for the Marines, executed a pretty punt, which was fumbled by the Mission safety, and was pounced upon behind the line for an- other score. This netted two points for the visitors, and the score was 9-7, with Santa Clara on the short end for the first time during the season. The fans went wild, and it seemed that pos- 114 THE REDWOOD 115 sibly the Missionites had not only been scored upon, for the first time, but had also lost the s ' amP- However, as usual, they were still fighting with all their strength. Then the game became an- other see-saw affair, with both teams doing their best; one to keep the lead, and the other to overcome the lead hung up by the visitors. By this time the supei ' ior condition of the college eleven was beginning to manifest it- self, for the first aid kit was called on many times for the members of the Ma- rine team. After sizing up the situa- tion, the tactics of line plunging were used, and this manner of play did a great deal of damage to the visitors. The Red and White warriors carried the ball to their opponents ' 10-yard line, and after a few more line bucks, our sorrel-topped quarterback, Abra- hamsen, bucked the pellet over for an- other touchdown, thereby insuring de- feat for the Marines. Needless to say. Ferrario converted, as he had been do- ing through the whole season. It was a hard game for the Marines to lose, when they had the game " on ice, " so to speak, and then have it snatched from their hands. They de- serve great credit for the wonderful fighting spirit displayed, and at all times they conducted themselves as true sportsmen. S. C. Varsity 49 American Legion The Santa Clara Varsity left for Fresno on the morning of Saturday, November 19, to take on the Amer- ican Legion team of that city, as the last " tangle " of the season. For a week following the Marine game, the Mission gridders were given a rest by Coach Buckingham, and on the Mon- day preceding the trip to the Raisin City, the Red and White football ma- chine turned out for a week of the hardest training they has as yet ex- perienced. The practices took on a very serious aspect, as the coach had all the desires in the world of defeat- ing his fellow " Buddies " on their own field. Saturday morning the team depart- ed amidst the shouts and wishes of good luck of the Student Body. The squad arrived in Fresno in the after- noon of the same day, and were met by a representative of the Fresno Post of the American Legion, and taken to the iiotel which was to be their home dur- ing their stay in the raisin belt. The fellows were given the use of the vet- erans club rooms, an d were treated in a most admirable manner by the mem- bers of the American Legion, who ex- hibited a unanimous desire to do every- thing in their power for the visiting team, and their efforts to afford amuse- ment for the Missionites will not be for- gotten. Sunday afternoon Coach Bucking- ham took his charges out to the speed- way an hour or so before the game was to be called, and put them through a light workout to loosen up the mus- cles after the long trip from San Jose. The game was called promptly at the hour of two-thirty, and what was con- sidered a large crowd was on hand to see the Prune Pickers tangle with Raisin Growers. Coach Buckingham started the game with the same line-up that he had been using for practically the entire sea- son. The Red and White gridders started in the f ollowing positions: Lo- gan, left end ; Noll, Capt., left tackle ; Ferrario, left guard ; Crowe, center ; Lewis, right guard; Murphy, right tackle ; Kerchoff , right end ; Abra- hamsen, quarterback ; Rianda, left half- back; Manelli, right halfback; Fawke, fullback. As soon as the game was started the Santa Clarans started their usual tac- tics of doing the " dance of the whirl- wind. " or something else as baffling to their opponents. The ball was carried far down into the Legion territory from the kick-off, and never again dur- ing the game was it carried in the Mis- sionites half of the field. After about nine minutes of lightning football, a forward pass, Manelli to Logan, brought Santa Clara ' s first score. After completing the pass Logan made a spectacular run of twenty yards 116 THE REDWOOD through a broken field and romped over the line with two or three Legion- ites on his long legs. The work of Ri- anda in running interference for " Johnnie " in this play was well worth favorable comment. Ferrario, as per usual, kicked the goal, and the score stood 7-0 in favor of the Prune Pickers. Fresno then kicked off to Santa Clara, and after some more speedy- plays featuring end runs and line bucks, the ball was again carried into striking distance, and " Runt " Rianda carried the ball over the line for the second tally of the first spasm. Need- less to say, the " Phat " boy converted. Then, after Fresno had again given life to the fray by kicking off, the Santa Clarans fumbled, and the ball was re- covered by a Fresno man. Their pos- session of the leather pellet was short- lived, however, as Ferrario intercepted a forward pass, and raced for about fifteen yards before he was downed. By this time the Missionites wore again in a position to score, and " Moose " Fawke went over the chalk mark for another touchdown, which the " husky " left guard converted. Shortly after this score, the timekeeper ' s whistle ended the first quarter, with Santa Clara leading the " Buddies " 21-0. The second quarter started off with a " bang, " and after a few minutes of play Logan completed a 40-yard forward pass, and was well over the line before he could be stopped. Again, after some straight football, Fawke went over for the second tally of this quarter. During this period the Santa Clara gridders were penalized fre- quently for what was called unneces- sary roughness by the officials. How- ever, on the whole, the game progressed wonderfully, due to the sportsmanlike conduct of the Mission boys. Once more in this period the Mission eleven scored on the Legion when Rianda went over the goal line after some pretty linebucks. This was the last time San- ta Clara was able to rack up any points in this quarter, as the timekeeper was not to be cheated out of his say, and blew his little tin horn to let the boys know that a well-earned rest had come. At the end of the first half the Red and White Varsity was leading the Fresno Legion by the score of 35-0. Fresno ' s defense stiffened in the sec- end half, and they showed more fight than they had exhibited in the first two quarters. For the first time in the game the Santa Clarans failed to make their yardage, and the Legionites re- sorted to the open style of football. A few forward passes were tried, but were broken up by the speedy work of the Mission backfield, and the home town boys were forced to punt. After many successful line bucks, and end runs, Fawke took the ball over the Le- gion line for the first touchdown. Then both teams battled in the middle of the field with open attacks, with neither making any substantial gains. Manelli then broke loose, and after a run of twenty-five yards by the speedy half, Fawke again carried the inflated egg over the line for the second score. By this time the half was well nigh over, as John Lewis would say, and after some more line bucks and forward passes, etc., the last whistle blew, seal- ing the defeat of the American Legion, and crowning the Santa Clarans ' sea- son with a string of victories and no defeats. In this game the Santa Clarans showed up real well, considering the conditions under which the game was played. The field reminded one of a day at the seashore, the sand was so deep. The fellows found it exceeding- ly hard to navigate, to say nothing of running. They were penalized innu- merable times, and when things seemed to be going against them they stuck to it, and displayed the old fighting spirit for which the athletes of Santa Clara have always been noted. The Fresno papers complimented them on the sportsmanlike conduct, and they de- served every compliment they received. The American Legion team was a hard fighting aggregation, and gave the college fellows the best competition that they could. In this game Coach THE REDWOOD 117 Buckingham gave every man on the squad a chance to get in a few licks at the Raisin Raisers, and needless to say they were only too glad to get the chance, and acted accordingly. The Legionites noticed the presence of such men as Duff, Guthrie, Reddy, Worth, Brown, Mullender, Sullivan, Fosdyke, and Bannon. These men showed that they have the stuff in them that will help them make another Varsity next year, which will also do honor to their Alma Mater. To them goes an enor- mous amount of credit for the admir- able spirit they showed during the sea- son, in helping to build up an effectual football practice for the first-string men, and stimulating " pep " and en- thusiasm among the Student Body. On looking over the season from the start to the finish, it is easily seen what a coach who is liked by the men on the squad, can do with the co-operation of the Student Body. When the sea- son opened, the football outlook for the Santa Clara University was not very bright, until the fellows got to- gether, and after a few talks by the Student Body President, Coach Buck- ingham, Graduate Manager James B. O ' Connor, and Captain Noll, realized that Santa Clara was going to " get up " and have a football team to repre- sent her on the gridiron. The team was a credit to the University, although only one college game was played. They showed that the Santa Clarans never " lie down, " and are always will- ing to keep up the old fighting tradi- tions of their Alma Mater. Congratu- lations to the members of the squad, and may they always display the manly spirit evidenced by them during the past season! BASKETBALL Immediately after the close of the football season, the attention of the entire Student Body was directed to- wards the approaching basketball sea- son. Through the efforts of the fac- ulty and Graduate Manager James B. O ' Connor, the services of Joseph Aurre- coechea, a former student of Santa Clara, was obtained to guide the des- tinies of the basketball team in the capacity of coach. " Sneeze, " as he was known in his under-graduate days at the Mis.sion institution, left an en- viable record behind him when he left a few years ago to take up ranching in the vicinity of Livermore. While at the University " Sneeze " held the posi- tion of Graduate Manager, as well as many other important Student Body offices. Last year he coached the Liv- ermore quintet, and they won a cham- pionship under his guidance. Later in the season he took a team back to Kan- sas City, to contend for the national title. Joe has always been known for his untiring efforts directed towards the betterment of his Alma Mater, and comes to the school more as a regular student than an " old boy " returning after an absence of a few years. A tentative schedule has been ar- ranged, which will include games with all the large colleges and well-known clubs. The efforts of the Santa Clara basketball team will not be confined to the immediate vicinity this year, as a trip to Los Angeles has been arranged. A number of games have already been scheduled with the Los Angeles Ath- letic Club, and with the service teams at San Pedro. If the trip to Los Ange- les proves the success that it is expect- ed to be, it will become an annual event in the basketball world. Immediately upon his arrival " Sneeze " called on the candidates for the team to turn out for practice, and on the initial appearance of the aspirants, a great deal of material was evident. Besides a large number of new men, there was also some of the old stars of last year, and even some men who have been wearing a basket ball block for a few years. Among the new faces around the campus who turned out for the first time are such men as Hulsman, Heinz- man, both members of the fast Camp- bell Hi quintet of last year; " Lanky " Driscoll, the " sprout " from Klamath Falls, Oregon, of " Redwood " literary 118 THE REDWOOD fame; Vasconcellos, who played center on the St. Joseph ' s Hi team for the past two years; Vukota and McGlinchey, both members of the Livermore team which vied for national honors last year. There is also a number of men out throwing the ball around who were members of the squad last year. Among them are Shelloe, Brunetti, J. Griffin. L. Griffin, Sperry, MeCauley, Harring- ton, Cavalier, and a host of others. As there will be a number of Fresliman games this year, there is also a large turnout of the first-year men, trying for positions on the Babes. Some of the veterans who are out, giving the newcomers a lot of competi- tion are, Manelli, star forward for three years on the Red and White Varsity, and a wearer of both football and base- ball blocks as well as the basketball emblem. Before coming to Santa Clara Caesar was a star member of the Low- ell Hi aggregation of San Francisco. Then comes John Logan, who held down the position of forward on the 1920 Varsity, and who has a wicked eye when it comes to dropping the ball through the iron hoop. He is also good on the defensive, and was a very valu- able man to Coach Harmon last year, as we hope he ' ll be to our new coach, Joe " Sneeze. " " Fat " Ferrario, who is another vet- eran of many years on the Santa Clara Varsity, is out in a suit, and it will be conceded by everybody that a b etter guard than the " Phat " one is a very scarce commodity in this " neck o ' the woods. " Captain " Hal " Toso is as mean a guard as they have in these parts and will make the best of them step for a place on the five. On looking over the entire string of aspirants, we are convinced that Coach Aurrecoechea has the material with which to build up a fine basketball machine, and every effort will be ex- erted by the Student Body to help him in the development of the cage team. PREP FOOTBALL The Prep football machine, after annexing five straight victories, con- tinued their enviable winning streak all through the season by taking into camp the Bates High School of San Francisco, and the Mt. Tamalpias Mil- itary Academy of San Rafael. Coach Kenney, expecting these tussles to be the hardest of the entire schedule, put the squad through severe workouts, and taught a few more plays which proved to play an important part to- wards the undoing of these rivals. So one week after the San Jose Normal game, the Bates High squad, bent on taking the Prep ' s scalp invaded the Santa Clara campus. Preps 35 Bates Much interest was displayed in this game, and a large crowd flocked to Mission field to witness the contest. Bates kicked off to the Preps, and Hal- loran received the ball, running it up to the thirty-yard line, from where the Missionites began a steady and smash- ing march towards the opponents line. The Bates line held for three downs, but a pretty pass from Egan was snag- ged by Halloran, who was already over the goal line, and thus the first score Avas made in the first five minutes of play. Halloran kicked his own goal, making the score 7-0 in favor of the Preps. Bates received the next kick, and displayed a lot of line smashing ability until the middle of the field was reached, where they resorted to a brilliant aerial attack which brought the pigskin to the twenty-yard mark. The Preps held and again took the ball. A series of line bucks, mingled with a few spectacular end runs, brought the ball again to the shadow of the goal posts, from where Halloran waltzed over for the second touchdown. He duplicated the goal kicking. The quarter ended shortly afterwards, with the score 14-0. The second period was more or less even, except that Halloran broke away for thirty yards and an- other touchdown. An argument also THE REDWOOD 119 slightly marred the contest, because, a Bates man picked up a fumble after the whistle had been blown and ran over the goal line. Referee Blum, after calling it a touchdown was himself un- decided as to what should be done, so the case was submitted to the Commit- tee of Rules on the Pacific Coast, and the game went on. It seemed as though the spirit of the Preps was temporarily injured, and the third quarter wit- nessed two fighting squads with blood in their eyes endeavoring to put across a tally. The ball see-sawed back and forth, and developed into a neat punt- ing duel between Captain Haley of the Preps and Lichtenberg of Bates. No score was made in this quarter. The fourth period came along, and so did the Preps. They put forth a remark- able display of trick-playing and for- ward passes, and put over two more touchdowns, making the score 35 for Santa Clara and on account of the Rules Committee declaring the Referee to be wrong, a goose-egg for Bates. The Preps outclassed the visitors in every stage of the game, and although it was practically the hardest fight during the season, there was never any doubt as to who would walk off with the honors. Halloran was the star of the contest, scoring every point of the game. However the terrific line plung- ing of Captain Haley, his backing up of the line and lengthy punting did much to win the victory. Malley and Martin took care of the ends in such a manner as to prevent a single gain around their positions. Ford, Oneal and Karam did fine work on the line. The line-up was as follows: R. E., Martin; R. T., Oneal; R. G., Nock; C, Ronstadt; I. G., Ford; I. T., Karam; I. E., Malley; Q., Egan ; R. H., Hallo- ran; L. H., Geoghegan; F. Haley (Cap- tain). Preps 39 M. T. M. A. The last game on the s chedule was played with the old rivals, the Mt. Tamalpais Military Academy of San Rafael. As a season closer, it proved to be a howling success. The Preps re- ceived, Malley catching the pigskin and running the ball to the 25-yard li)]e, where the northerners gained pos- session of it on a fumble. The outlook wasn ' t brilliant, however, because the opponents were plugging ahead to- wards the Mission goal. They were held on the twenty-yard line and the Preps again started a march for a touchdown which was not to be stop- ped, so consequently, the first marker was made. The attempt at goal failed. The rest of the quarter was a battle I ' oyal. The second period saw the Preps hitting on all six. Spectacular end runs, short passes, and terrific line bucks brought two more touchdowns. The Militarists, however, began a dead- ly attack toward the end of the half which made the Santa Clarans wonder whether or not the enviable goose-egg was going to stay as their opponents total. It was the fourth down and four yards to go when the whistle sounded, denoting the end of the half. The second half was fast and excit- ing, and probably the most beautiful display of passes that has ever been witnessed on the Mission field was un- corked by the Preps. On one occasion the ball was started on a quarterback end riui, and was tossed to the fullback Smith who faked a run around the op- posite end. While the Tamalpais grid- ders were endeavoring to fathom the play. Smith tossed a forty-five yard pass to the waiting arms of Ackel, who flopped over for .another touch- down. Another cross-pass by Halloran went forty yards, and Janney, after tingling it on the ends of his fingers finally tucked it under his arms and romped thirty yards for another touch- down. The Military Academy was again within striking distance of the goal when the game ended. Although the absence of Capt. Haley and of " Juice " Ford, the star guard, was keenly felt, the Preps played won- derfully well. Egan, as usual, ran the team in a " McMillan " fashion. Smith at full and Halloran at half worked nicely in the backfield. On the line McCormick, Shultz and Nock 120 THE REDWOOD along with Karam, Oneal and Ronstadt formed a sterling line. Malley at right end, and Janney and Aekel at left, completed many forward passes, and otherwise played faultless football. Bailey, who replaced Geoghegan at left half, also worked well. Touchdowns were made by Malley, Egan, Bailey, Halloran, Ackel and Janney. The team lined up at the outset as follows : R. E., Martin; R. T., Oneal; R. G., Nock, C, Ronstadt; L. G., Shultz; L. T., Mc- Cormiek; L. E., Malley; Q. B., Egan; R. H., Halloran; L. H., Geoghegan; F. B., Smith. This season has been the most suc- cessful ever enjoyed by the Preps. They decisively defeated Sacred Heart 72-0; Alameda High School 32-0, Watsonville 54-0; Santa Rosa Junior College 56-0; San Jose Normal 47-0; Bates High School 35-0; and Mt. Tamalpais Mili- tary Academy 39-0. The total score amounts to 335 points against the op- ponents 0. The average number of points for each game is 47 6-7, which is indeed an enviable record. A few injuries were received during the season. At the outset " Ox " Whit- field was taken ill, and was unable even to return to school. Tommy Tem- ple, the niftiest and fastest little end on the squad, was put out of commission for the season in the second game, and " Duke " Karam had his leg broken in the last game. However, these injuries did not seriously handicap the squad on account of the abundance of good ma- terial which could fill in at any time. A challenge was issued whereby the Preps offered to play any team what- soever, any time, anywhere for the championship, but it was not accepted, so with no more worlds to conquer. Coach Kenney officially disbanded the squad. It is sincerely hoped by every member of the Preps that Coach Ken- ney will take charge of the team next year, and again lead them through a victorious season. BASKETBALL Now that football is over, attention will be turned to basketball. Captain George Malley of Carson City, Nevada, a star of last year ' s hoopsters, ex- presses hope of turning out a cham- pionship team. There is plenty of ex- cellent material to be chosen from the squad of twenty-five that turned out for the first practice. Among those who remain from last year ' s team are Capt. Malley, Haley, Halloran, Young, Bailey, Miller and Flynn, while the promising men in the new material are White, Nock, Boyes, Oneal, Egan and Brescia. Although it is impossible this early in the season to say who will compose the first team of the basketers, it seems as though Haley will park in his former position at center, Halloran at forward, and Capt. Malley at guard. Among other men who are putting in strong bids for places on the team are Miller, Young, Bailey and Flynn. " Joe " Carson, who hails from Milpitas, is considered by Capt. Malley to be the find of the season, and the Preps are looking forward to some clever work on his part. MIDGETS There is no little credit due to the scrappy Midgets for their dis play of the old Santa Clara fighting spirit which is so prevalent in all forms of athletics within the Mission walls. In spite of the fact that they average only 130 pounds, they played five hard games, and were greatly outweighed in most of them. They won three and lost two. The scores of the games are as follows: Midgets 19, William Warren 13; Midgets 6, Palo Alto Seconds 27; Midgets 36, Palo Alto Seconds 12; Midgets 39, Santa Clara High School 0, and Midgets 0, Stanford University 155 pound team 29. Powell, at center, playing through every contest, was an invaluable man. Ackel and Jere Cunningham were prac- tically immovable at guard, while Mar- tin and Venzuela were classy tackles both on defensive and the offensive. THE REDWOOD 121 Alexander, Pope and Callan were clever ends, getting down on every piint and completing many a forward pass. Captain O ' Brien and Johnny Harrett are brainy quarter-backs and run the team after the style of Charlie Erb. " French " Maurel, at right half, " Nig " Anderson at left half, and Don- nelly at full compose the rest of the I)ackfield and make a trio that would work havoc with any defense. With such men as these Coach George Malley turned out a team which will in future years do credit to a varsity. THE REDWOOD ST. IGNATIUS COLLEGE SAN FRANCISCO THE COLLEGE EMBRACES THE FOLLOWING DEPARTMENTS: A— The Department of Letters, Science and Philosophy. A course of four years leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science. B— The Department of Law. A course of four years leading to degree of Bachelor of Laws. C — The Premedical Department. A course of three years in Chemistry, Bacteriology, Biology and Anatomy, preparatory to study of Medicine. REV. PIUS L. MOORE, S. J., President The High School Department. A course of four years from the completion of the standard grammar schools and preparatory to College. THE REDWOOD REX THEATRE - - ' i " a " „ri.r ' ' ' ' ■- Always the Best Photoplays EBERHARD TANNING CO. Tanners, Curriers and Wool Pullers Hatiiess-Latigo and Lace Leather Sole and Upper Leather, Calf, Kip and Sheepskins Eherhard ' s Skirting Leather and Bark Woolskin SANTA CLARA, CALIFORNIA Pratt-Low Preserving Company = PACKERS OF HIGH GRADE CANNED FRUITS AND VEGETABLES SANTA CLARA CALIFORNIA VARGAS BROS. COMPANY GENERAL MERCHANDISE Lafayette and Franklin Streets SANTA CLARA, CAL. CENTURY ELECTRIC COMPANY OF SAN JOSE GENERAL ELECTRIC MOTORS EDISON MAZDA LAMPS Electrical Contracting and Estimating Phone S. J. 521 18 E. San Antonio St AA AT T Ar ln ' Q Home-made Candies and Ice Cream VV l l i C.O Light Lunches and Tamales Phone S. C. 36 1012 Franklin St., Santa Clara CLUB BAGS V Ic ( Zi I I H UMBRELLAS SUIT CASES £ H;2: LEATHER PURSES SAN JOSE, CAL. NOVELTIES Canelo Bros. Stackhouse Co. THE REDWOOD Pacific Auto Stage Co. San Francisco Santa Clara San Jose 8 A. M. TO 8 P. M. Extra Cars on Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays Look for the Orange Painted Pierce Arrows Attention Students! The Book Store is Your Store. It is conducted for the Benefit of the Student Body. Our Motto Is : If we haven ' t got it, we ' ll try our best to get it. THE REDWOOD A Place to Meet Eat and " " ' ' ' l( )U ' ' y San Jose Candies Ice Cream IMPERIAL CLEANERS " We Clean Everything " Urbani Walsh 963 Washington Street Phone 131-W Santa Clara STRATFORD SHOP EXCLUSIVE AGENTS FOR Stratford Clothes Manhattan Shirts Knox Hats Phoenix Hosiery 19 South First Street - - - San Jose The Christmas Store for Men X " In San Jose it ' s Harold ' s for Shoes ' " tT II Shoes and Oxfords for -■ TV ' ' ' ' " ' J Winter Collegiate Wear Q. HEROLD ' S 1 :; ' ■ • • 26 East Santa Clara St. Florsheim Black or Tan Scotch Grain THE REDWOOD laflfher rx ? Hart Schaffner Marx A name that stands for all that ' s good in young men ' s clothes. For sale by Santa Clara and Market Sts., San Jose, Cal. DE LUXE Imperial Dyeing and Cleaning Works SAN JOSE ' S MASTER San Jose, Cal. CLEANERS DYERS Phone: San Jose 206 CALIFENE Best for Shortening. Made in California. CALINUT A delicious spread for bread. TO BE HAD AT ANY GROCERY A. G. COL CO. Wholesale Commission Merchants Telephone San Jose 309 201-221 North Market Street San Jose, Cal. THE REDWOOD i :::.v- : = Crude Oil Gasoline jq R. CHASE DsStlllate us North First Street, San Jose, Cal. AGENT FOR ASSOCIATED OIL CO. Of California Phone San Jose 36 Prices subject to change without notice Jewel Bakery Phone 54-W Prop.-W. A. Wilson John Sanphilip Shoe Repairer with Ability and Experience Pipes Hotel Building A. J. OSWALD Cigars, Candies, Hot Tamales Mrs. Briscoe ' s Cakes Wedding and Birthday Cakes a specialty 1 1 89 Franklin St. Santa Clara Phone 119-W Pastime Billiard Parlors Cigars, Candies Soft Drinks 39 NORTH FIRST STREET SAN JOSE, CAL. S. J. 824 LITCHFIELD VOLKE, PROPS. When In San Jose, Visit CHARGINS ' Restattrant, Grill and Otjster House For Smokes and Soft Drinks SEE KELLEY Headquarters for College Boys 28-30 Fountain Street Bet. First and Second San Jose THE REDWOOD PATRONIZE Phone Santa Clara 240W " The Little Store with the Big Stock " University L. A. MEAD Barbers JEWELER and WATCHMAKER . — ' » ' ». rK " M. % " Th« Man that does your work with a Guarantee " J. D. TRUAX, Proprietor Mounting and re-setting Diamonds a Specialty 976 Main Street. Santa Clara Franklin Street, Santa Clara, Cal. F. O. ROLL Mission Electrical Real Estate and Company Insurance k House Wiring Sb Repairing, Fixtures M Appliances, Supplies Call and See Me if You Want J L Jobbing, Motors Anything in My Line 1054 Franklin St. H. J. FRIEDRICHS 1129 Franklin St. Santa Clara Santa Clara Phone S. C. 74-J United John A. Lennon Shoe Repairers Importer and Wholesale Grocer 988 Main Street Santa Clara Candles Prop. Billy Walsh SAN FRANCISCO FRANK SORIA B. F. ROLL LATEST LINE OF Dealer In Gents ' Furnishings Fuel, Feed and Plasterers ' Materials SHOES Sacks not included in sale AND JEWELRY 1164 Franklin St. Santa Clara Franklin Street Santa Clara Phone Santa Clara 42-R THE REDWOOD EiiteprisdaoodryCo. Perfect Satisfaction Guaranteed All Kinds of Cleaning, Dyeing and Pressing 867 Sherman Street Telephone 126 Alderman ' s NEWS AGENCY Stationery, Blank Books, Etc. Cigars and Tobaccos Baseball and Sporting Goods Fountain Pens of All Kinds Next to Postoffice SANTA CLARA Manuel Mello Dealer in BOOTS and SHOES 940 Franklin Street Santa Clara Sanitary Barber Shop Franklin St. Santa Clara Three Barbers p. Laviano, Prop. No Waiting SANTA CLARA BRANCH Garden City Bank Trust Co. Commercial, Savings and Trust We Solicit Your Patronage H. L. Warburton, Mgr. L. G. Fatjo, Asst. Mgr When you want a Special Dish try the LamoUe Grill Plione 403 36-38 North First Street San Jose, Cat. Best Place in San Jose to Eat When Thirsty See FERNISH ' S ICE CREAM PARLOR And get a Refreshing Drink to quench your thirst Everything is the Best Money Can Buy Doirs Home Bakery A. DOLL, Proprietor Special for the Holidays: Home- made Mince and Pumpkin Pies Phone Santa Clara 93-R 1022 Franklin Street Santa Clara THE REDWOOD THE JOURNAL PUBLISHED SEMI-WEEKLV A Home Paper with all the Home News, $2.50 a year OUR JOB PRINTING Franklin Street PRE-EMINENTLY SUPERIOR g Make It a New Year ' s Present If you overlooked your photo as a gift to the home folks this Christmas season, why, make it a New Year ' s present. There ' s no other gift for the New Tear that so indicates your real regard for the home-folks— the best folks in the world PHOTO CO. We give One-half Rates to Students 41 N. 1st street, San Jose Phone S. J. 231 THE REDWOOD . j;. Phones Offic«: S. C. 19 Home: S. C. 19 DR. G. W. J. FOWLER Physician and Surgeon Office hours: 10 to 11 a.m., 2 to 4 and 7 to 8 p.m. Franck Building Santa Clara, Cal. Madden ' s Pharmacy PRESCRIPTION EXPERTS 1072 Franklin Street Santa Clara, Cal. Dr. J. IRVING BEATTIE Offices: Main and Benton Streets SANTA CLARA Office hours: 1 to 4 p. m. Sundays and Holidays 10 to 11 a. m. Phone Santa Clara 27 M. S. FURTADO, Proprietor The Mission Barber Shop 811 Franklin Street Santa Clara, Cal. FRED C. GER LACH, M. D. Physician and Surgeon Office Hours: 2 to 4 p.m. LETITIA BUILDING SAN JOSE, CAL. Phone S. J. 2808 Residence Phone S. J. 3.?04 Dr. J. R. Fowler DENTIST Phone Santa Clara 37-J Hours 9 to 12, 1 to 5 Office: Rooms 6, 7, 8 Bank of Italy Bldg, Santa Clara, Calitornia G. Jos. Arellano Dealer In Choice Cut Flowers and Healthy Plants; Lawns and City Beautiful Window Boxes a specialty 647 Fell St. San Francisco Phone Market 8071 Dr. KNEASS Dentist Hours: 9 a.m. to 6 p.m., 7 to 8 p.m. Telephone S. J. 783 IVA S. First Street San Jose W EXCLUSIVE a See that McCabe is in your Hat Try the New Double-Action Heater University Electric Company J. HINTZ Phone: Santa Clara 2 14-R THE REDWOOD k r THE UNIVERSAL CAR Fordson Tractors McAndrew Cowden, Inc. AUTHORIZED DEALERS 935 Washington St. Santa Clara 172 COLLEGE OF NOTRE DAME and NOTRE DAME HIGH SCHOOL Boarding and Day Departments San Jose, California ACCREDITED TO UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Collegiate Course— 1 our years, leading to Degrees in Art, Science, Letters. High School Course — Accredited to State University and Normal Schools. Grammar Department— Through all the grades. Secretarial Department — Complete course leading to diploma. College of Music — Leading to degree. For Bulletin address SISTER SUPERIOR THE REDWOOD STATEMENT Of the Ownership, Management, Circu- lation, etc., required by the Act of Congress of August 24th, 1912, of THE REDWOOD Published quarterly at Santa Clara. Editor, Martin M. Murphy, Santa Clara. Business Manager, J. Paul Reddy, Santa Clara. Publishers, University of Santa Clara. Owners, University of Santa Clara. Known bondholders, mortgagees and other security holders, holding 1 per cent or more of total amount of bonds, mortgages, or other securities : None. MARTIN M. MURPHY. Sworn and subscribed to before me this 1st day of October, 1921. L. G. FATJO, Notary Public in and for the County of Santa Clara, State of California. O ' Connor ' s Sanitarium TRAINING SCHOOL FOR NURSES Accredited by the State There is such a shortage of nurses that the demand for them cannot be supplied. O ' Con- nor ' s offers a three year ' s course of thorough training in an environment of refinement and serious study. Write or call in person. Race Street, San Jose O ' CONNOR ' S SANITARIUM THE REDWOOD JViih acknowledgments to K. C. B, Al9ii ' dlilke tlxi8 makes a modd Kusband HER NICE new huBband. STEPPED OUT of the house. WHISTLING LIKE a bird. WHICH ALARMED young wife. ESPECIALLY WHEN. SHE FOUND she ' d picked THE WRONG package. AND INSTEAD of oatmeal. • • • HAD GIVEN him birdseed. BUT DON ' T think from this. THAT EVERY guy. YOU HEAR whdatling. HAS NECESSARILY. BEEN ROBBING the canary. OTHER THINGS Inspire. THE ALMOST human male. TO BLOW through his Ups. AND MAKE shrill noises. A RAISE, for example, OR A day off when. A DOUBLE header is on. OR AN everyday thing. LIKE A good drag. ON ONE of those smokea. THAT SATISFY. WHICH CERTAINLY ar«. THE REAL birdseed. FOR MAKING men. TRILL THEIR pipes for Joy. SO LAD! ES, if hubby. GOES AWAY whistling. YOU NEEDN ' T worry. ALL ' S SWELL. WHEN you say that Ches- terfields " satisfy, " you ' re whistling. You know — the in- stant you light one — that the tobaccos in it are of prime se- lection, both Turkish and Do- mestic. And the blend — well, you never tasted such smooth- ness and full-flavored body! No wonder the " satisfy-blend " is kept secret. It can ' t he copied. Did you know about the Chesterfield package of 10? Liggett Myers Tobacco Co. i CONTENTS FOREWORD - - - - Daniel P. Maegher, S. J. 154 THE HISTORICAL SURVEY OF THE CALIFORNIA AMSSIONS Owen C. Coy, Ph. D. 155 SAN FRANCISCO AND THE REDWOOD Francis Borgia Stecl , O. F. M. 159 BLACK ROBES AND BROWN IN CALIFORNIA - Z. J. Maher, S. J. 164 FULFILLMENT (Ve rse) - - - Martin V. Merle, ' 06 176 REMARKS ON ART - - - - Peter B.Kyne 177 METHODS OF STUDY OF THE CALIFORNIA MISSIONS Frances Rand Smith 183 HISTORY (Verse) - - - Chas. D. South 186 EARLY PHOTOGRAPHERS OF THE MISSIONS - Charles Beebe Turrill 187 CONCEPCION DE ARGUELLO - - - - - 194 CONCEPCION DE ARGUELLO (Verse) - - Bret Hart 19S THE PIRATE - - - - A. J. Steiss, Jr. 200 THE PALO ALTO BIG TREE - - - H. C. Peterson 204 TO HIS GRACE. Most Reverend Edward J. Hanna, D. D. ArcKbisKop of San Francisco, TKis Old Missions edition of ' TKe Redwood " is affectionately and gratefully dedicated a Entered Dec. 18. 1902, at Santa Clara. Cal.. as second-class matter, under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 SANTA CLARA, CAL., FEBRUARY. 1920 VOL. XIX NO. 4 FOREWORD Daniel P. Meagher, S. J. HE natural tendency of the human mind upon observing some strange phenomenon, is to ask: Why? Such, we pre- sume, will also be the attitude of those interested in the " Redwood " , in its prosperity or adversity, upon the ap- pearance of this, the " Mission " number. Those resident in California are in all probability quite able to answer the question for themselves. For the benefit of others, we may state that after a period of what seemed inexcusable indif- ference, the sons of America ' s land of loveliness have at last awakened to the realization that by far the greater and the sublimer portion of the beauty, poetry and romance of which they are so justly proud, breathes and has its being in and about our mission ruins. Accordingly, a move- ment to shield these sacred shrines from the destroying hand of time has been inaugurated, and, thanks to the patronage of His Grace, the Most Reverend Edward J. Hanna, D. D., Ai ' chbishop of San Francisco, is now well on its way toward a successful termination. In the spirit of this movement and from a desire to co-operate in some small way in so holy a enture the " Mission RedAvood " has been prepared. That it is but a feeble attempt, imperfect in many details, we realize, but we have done our best. We can but hope that it msy attain in however small a measure, Ihe purpose toward which any efforts expended upon it have been finally directed; that it may commemorate, and in commemorating do honor to those heroic men, the Padres, of whose lives and labors and sacrifices the missions should be preserved as lasting monuments. They were altruists, 154 THE REDWOOD those men, but altruists of the most Divine type, who learned their altru- ism at the Cross of Christ. They shed undying lustre of glory upon Cali- fornia. To them we owe much of what to-day we have and are. May we never forget them. . , , J It is but fitting that the staff of the " Redwood " here ex- Acknowlcdfi- . press its gratitude to those whose generosity has made this number possible. They are : Capt. Peter B. Kyne, in whose liberality, certainly, there has been no trace of self; Frances Rand Smith, whose zeal and disinterestedness have aided so materially the researches of the California State Historical Survey Commission ; Dr. Owen C. Coy, Director and Archivist of the Historical Survey Commission ; Judge John P. Davis, to whom we are indebted for the true facts of that sweetest of romances, the story of Concepcion de Arguello ; Charles B. Turrill, well- known historian and collector of relics of the ancient days of California ; Mr. H. C. Peterson, President of the Palo Alto Historical Society; Frs. Englehardt and Steck, 0. P. M. ; Pr. Z. J. Maher, S. J. ; Mr. Charles D. South, A. M. ; and Mr. Martin V. Merle, A. M., author of the Mission Play of Santa Clara. To each of them we extend our sincerest and our most heartfelt thanks with the assurance that their thoroughly unselfish kind- ness is not likely soon to be forgotten. To the Rt. Rev. Monsignor, Joseph A. Gleason, of Palo A Tribute Alto, we feel that special gratitude is due. His has been the wisdom, his the interest, that has guided us through- out. By kind counsel, ready suggestion and be.st of all, by unfailing en- couragement, he has ever shown himself a true and invaluable friend. So much so, indeed, that without him, we fear our task would have been too great for our inexperienced hands. His goodness has been unfailing — our appreciation, we hope, will prove the same. Due to an oversight unnoticed until all the pictures had been pi ' iuted, the caption on the photograph of Msgr. Gleason has been made to read " Very Reverend " , instead of " Rt. Reverend " as should have been the case. As any reprinting of the pictures would have involved quite an expense, it has been decided to allow the caption to stand as it is, with this explanation. ' ERY REV. MONSIGNOR JOSEPH M. GLEASO The Historical Survey of the California Missions Owen C. Coy, Ph.D., Director and Archivist of California Historical Survey Commission. HE old Franciscan mis- sions even as they stand, are probably the most valuable legacy now left to us from the earlier generations of Spanisli padres and conquisidores. Much that made up the life of this religious and romantic peo- ple has passed away, or been submerged under the later flood of Anglo-Ameri- can immigration. The greed of the of- ficials of the Mexican regime took the missions from the watchful care of the padres, and the vandalistic hand of the settler and the unrestrained destructive forces of nature soon reduced the great- er part of them to a state of ruin. Even in their ruined condition they have ever attracted the admiration of all who have an appreciation of the work of past generations. The artist never tires of the missions as subjects worthy of his brush ; the writer finds delight in describing the beauty of the ruined walls and in weaving romantic tales about the mission as a center-; architects have come to appreciate the beauty of the arcade and tiled roof un- til the mission style of architecture is recognized by all ; while the tourists in ever increasing numbers visit these old monasteries to pay their respect to the mechanical skill and religious zeal of the Spanish padres. Is it not strange that the people of this great state have not long ago been aroused to the im- portance of caring for these historic treasures? That these old edifices of adobe and stone should be preserved from com- plete destruction has to some extent long been recognized by many for reli- gious, historical or artistic reasons. In some cases the missions have been pre- served very much as they were under the Franciscan fathers, in other in- stances efforts at repair have rendered the buildings suitable for religious use, but the utilitarian motive sacrificed both historic and artistic ideals in an attempt to make the buildings habita- ble. Indeed, the lack of careful histor- ical evidence, combined with an insuP- ficiency of funds, made proper restora- tion seemingly impossible. Cases Avhere recent repairs have robbed the missions of their original form and beauty are too numerous to require spe- cific mention. On the other hand there is another small class of persons of ex- tremely aesthetic temperament who 155 156 THE REDWOOD consider it an artistic sacrilige to at- tempt even to stay the destroying hand of nature. They believe that the glory of the missions can better be displayed in their ruined walls than by the " dese- crating " hand of the restorer, no mat- ter how skilled he may be. Unfortu- nately, the outcome of the latter policy ■would inevitably result in the complete disappearance of all the missions at no far distant date. It seems logical then that some kind of restoration is both desirable and necessary, and that if it is to be accomplished properly it must be done along lines prepared as the re- sult of careful study, both of the his- tory of the mission buildings and of the extant remains. In keeping with this latter view the legislature in 1917 declared it to be the duty of the historical commission of the state to make a study of the physical history of the Pi ' anciscan missions, and to prepare ground plans, sketches and models. Before the report upon any mission is complete the commission is required to hold a public hearing at which any interested person is permit- ted to state his views and present his evidence, if it in any way makes addi- tion to or conflicts with the work al- ready done. After this hearing the law provides that the commission may de- clare the plans and models thus drawn up to be the official California model. By action of the church authorities all work of restoration is required to be done in accordance with these official reports. This commission has now on file in its office reports on San Carlos (Car- mel), Santa Cruz, San Diego and San Antonio missions. These reports arc the work of Frances Rand Smith of Palo Alto, who has for a number of years had a keen interest in studying the architecture of the California mi.s- sions. One of these reports, that relat- ing to the San Carlos mission, has been submitted to the public at a hearing held at Carmel, October 31, 1919. As soon as the reports upon the other mis- sions have been carefully checked other public hearings will be held. It is the aim of the Historical Survey Commission to make its work both his- torically and scientifically accurate. This requires a discriminating study, not only of all written historical docu- ments relating to the mission in ((ues- tion, whether in the form of official re- ports or descriptions of travellers, but also a study of all early sketches and drawings, photographs and surveys. To this must be added a careful examina- tion of the buildings or ruins now ex- tant. For historical information Mrs. Smith and the commission have drawn heavi- ly upon the manuscript documents in the Bancroft Library which contains transcripts, not only from the church archives but from the Spanish and Mex- ican archives, of which many of the ori- ginals were destroyed in the United States Surveyor-General ' s office during the fire of 1906. That office now has the survey plats and field notes made in THE REDWOOD 157 the fifties and sixties when the mission property was patented to the church by the United States Government. Tlie narratives of La Peronse, Vancouver. Mofras, Duhaut-Cilly and others who visited the California coast during tiie eighteenth and early nineteenth cen- turies abound in descriptions of the va- rious missions and many of tliem contain sketches and ground plans which are very helpful. For example, the earliest picture of the San Carlos (Carmel) mission is that accompanying the description of Vancouver ' s visit in 1793. These sketches, while full of helpful suggestions, are not fully relia- ble because of the inaccuracy or imag- ination of the artist. Photographs elim- inate this factor and furnish some of the most essential evidence, the earlier ones being exceedingly valuable in pre- serving the record of walls and build- ings now no longer to be found. The opinions of old time residents is also of importance in determining many things which cannot be otherwise estab- lished, but human memory at best is treacherous and all evidence of this character must be weighed with great care. One of the unique features in refer- ence to the mission buildings is the fact that they seem in many cases to have been built as opportunity offered with- out a definite plan and careful meas- urements. This is especially so of the smaller structures surrounding the mis- sion court and its buildinp ' s. Close ob- servations and careful measurements are therefore necessary in order to pre- vent errors in reconstructing ground plans and elevations. This may be il- lustrated from the San Carlos mission where the writer has recently been en- gaged in making surveys. Notwith- stan ding the fact that the court gives the general appearance of being a par- allelogram, accurate measurements show the opposite sides of the court to be 350 and 362, 258 and 293 feet re- spectively. The position of the stone church, the most important edifice at the mission, is found to be at an oblique angle to all other buildings. Further- more, the w dth of these buildings, al- though appearing to be uniform, has been found to vary considerably. All of this gives mute but reliable testimony to the handicaps under which the Fran- ciscan fathers labored — without ade- quate instruments or tools and aided by the unskilled hands of the natives. On account of the many lapses in the historical evidence available it fre- quently becomes necessary for any one endeavoring to reconstruct these ruined edifices to draw upon his imagination. Unless it is carefully guarded by all available facts these deductions may lead to serious errors. ' This has been the crime of many of the so-called res- torations which have been drawn up by artists and others who had but slight opportunity to obtain the facts. On the other hand, if properly and cau- tiously done many structures long since completely or partly gone can be re- constructed along lines closely approxi- 158 THE REDWOOD mating the original buildings. In or- der, therefore, that the plans and mod- els may be complete it is the policy of the Historical Survey Commission to supplement those parts which are based upon irrefutable historical evidence by using other data, which, according to all applied tests, agrees with known conditions, even though it may itself be unsupported directly. It may be of interest to the readers of this article to know that the recent study of the ruins at Carmel indicates to the writer certain features, Avhich, although at present not fully supported, are nevertheless worthy of considera- tion since, if confirmed, they would aid greatly in locating some of the places closely connected with the intimate life of Father Junipero Serra. It is his be- lief, based upon fairly strong evidence, that the original quadrangle of the mis- sion was located in the space now sur- rounded upon three sides by adobe ru- ins. This is only about half the area of the larger court, but corresponds closely in size to the court described by Father Serra in his report of 1773. This court doubtless served as the cen- ter of mission life and was the only court from 1771 until enlarged when the stone church was completed in 1797. The original buildings were of wood with which the coast at that point abounds, while the present remains are of adobe, but it is probable these may have been constructed during the years before the erection of the church. A sketch of the mission made in 1793 lo- cates with a fair degree of exactness the church built by Father Serra. A study of the ruins shows foundation stones corresponding closely to the building shown in the sketch, at one end of which are large stones which may well be the foundation stones for the original altar near which the body of Father Serra was buried. It is prob- able that subsurface excavations will help to refute or verify these sugges- tions; until that time it is of interest to speculate upon the possibilities of fu- ture investigations which must be made before the work can be considered com- plete. The Historical Suiwey Commission is not engaged in the actual work of mis- sion restoration, as that is entirely in the hands of others. It is, however, concerned in the matter of acquiring definite information relative to the his- tory of these missions and their method of construction. In this work it has se- cured the hearty cooperation of the church authorities who have made available to it many much needed rec- ords and other information. On the other hand its observations are at all times available for the use of those au- thorized by the church to undertake the work of reconstruction. By means of this full cooperation it is earnestly hoped that the work of restoration be done in a manner worthy of its import- ance and that once again the people of California may be able to look upon the old missions as they were in the time of the Franciscan fathers. ? Li ■ ;-.v :.:■- ' f ■ ' ■ " ii it ■ ' ■■.•5: ' A San Francisco and the Redwood Francis Borgia Steck, 0. F. M., Santa Barbara, Calif. AN FRANCISCO and the Redwood — a strange combination of names, in- deed ! San Francisco, surely, the metropolis of California; and the Red- wood, well, the Golden State ' s far-famed tree. But, what in the world has the metropo- lis to do with the tree? If San Fran- cisco should stand for the glorious Saint of Assisi, the lover of nature ' s beauties, then I could establish some connection between his name and the Redwood, one of nature ' s most striking beauties. But I must go on; perhaps, by San Francisco the city is meant after all. Those who have read and studied the early history of California Avill remem- ber that in December, 1602, Sebastian Viscaino, while sailing along the coast of that State, came to a fine port which, in honor of the ninth viceroy of Mexico, he named Monterey. Standing on the high land elevation that formed its southeastern border and viewing the undulating plains that stretched far to the north and east, he remarked that here would be an ideal site for a mis- sion. Accordingly, that subsequent explorers might not pass it by unno- ticed, he described it very minutely, closing his account by observing that from the elevation where he was stand- ing the bay resembled a large 0. But more than a century and a half elapsed before an exploring party set out to profit by Viscaino ' s discovery. It may be of interest to know who took part in this expedition . The military officers were Governor Gaspar de Por- tola. Captain Fernando de Rivera y Moneada, Lieutenant Pedro Fages, En- gineer Miguel Constanso, and Sergeant Jose Francisco de Ortega. Under their command were twenty-seven leather- jacket soldiers and seven Catalonian volunteers. Besides these, there were four Indian servants and seven mule- teers, while fifteen convert Indians from Lower California had charge of the supply trains. Two Franciscan priests, FF. Juan Crespi and Francisco Gomez, accompanied this memorable expedition. Portolii had orders to tra- vel by land along the seacoast until they reached Monterey Bay as pointed out in Cabrera Bueno ' s Navegacion, a copy of which they had with thorn. It Avas late in the spring of 1768, about a year before Portola set out on his exploring tour. The Franci 159 160 THE REDWOOD under the leadership of Fr. Junipero Serra had just been appointed to take over the proposed missions of Upper California. To make the necessary pre- parations for their departure, Don Jose de Galvez summoned Fr. Serra to La Paz. When they had determined how the six Fathers destined for this new field of labor were to travel, Galvez ad- vised the Fr. Presidente as to the sites and names he had been instructed by the viceroy to assign for the missions. " The first, " he said, " is to be erect- ed in the Port of San Diego and dedi- cated to the Saint of that name. The second shall be established at the Bay of Monterey and named San Carlos ; of course, the bay has first to be found, but I am sure Portola will succeed in doing this with the minute description he has of the bay. For the third mission a suitable site should be selected some- where between San Diego and San Car- los and its name is to be San Buena- ventura. " Fr. Junipero looked troubled. " Sir, " he faltered, " is there to be no mission for our Father St. Francis? " " If St. Francis wants a mission, " the Inspector-General returned playful- ly, " let him cause his port to be dis- covered and a mission for him shall be placed there. " ( ) For the benefit of the reader It must be stated here that what is now called Drake ' s Bay was visited by Sebastian Rodri- guez Cermenon in 1595, seven years before the discovery of Monterey Bay, and was named by him in honor of St. Francis. Bueno ' s Navegacion contained a minute de- scription of it. On Friday, July 14, 1769, at four o ' clock in the afternoon, Portola with his men and the two Franciscans set out to find the harbor of Monterey. For twelve long weeks the hardy band pur- sued their northward course along the coast, trudging over hills and prairies, and picking their way through forests, marshes, and arroyos. Finally, on Octo- ber 1, after marching four days down the Salinas River, they pitched camp near what is now Morocojo, a little rail- road station north of Castroville. It was Sunday, a day on which the two Fathers generally said Holy Mass. Wishing to explore the beach, which was only some four miles off, Portola accompanied by Fr. Crespi, Miguel Cos- tanso and five soldiers sallied forth, following the river ' s course. Coming to an elevation about eighty feet high, now known as Mulligan ' s Hill, they scrambled up its sandy slope. How great was their surprise when on reach- ing the summit they beheld a grand en- senada or open bay, its silvery surface extending far to the north and south. Full of expectation, they took out their surveying instruments and consulted Bueno ' s description. " See those two points yonder? " said the commander; " the one to the left is covered with pines. That must be Bu- eno ' s Punta de Pinos. And over there to the right is Punta del Ano Nuevo. Then the Bay of Monterey must be near by. " " Perhaps right here at our feet, " suggested Fr. Crespi. THE REDWOOD 161 " Hardly, " Portola replied, " for where is the large which Viseaino says the bay resembles? No, not here, but somewhere near by must be the; bay. ' ' " Well, " Pr. Gomez ventured, " it ' s a long time since Viseaino was here ; the topography may have undergone a great change. Who knows. " he con- tinued, " perhaps, in the course of those 167 years, so much sand filled in the bay that today it is no longer such as Viseaino saw and described it. " " Why, General, " broke in the engin- eer who had meanwhile adjusted the surveying instruments, " we aren ' t in the latitude at all designated by Bueno ; we must go farther north. " Puzzled and disappointed the party returned to the camp. Rivera with eight men was next sent out. Twice he pass- ed along the entire southern coast of the bay; but in vain did he look for a port resembling a large 0. The following day was the feast of St. Francis. In honor of their Seraphic Father, the two Franciscans celebrated Holy Mass. All attended, imploring the Saint to intercede for them that they might find the much-desired har- bor. That same morning, Portolii con- vened a council. The officers and the two Fathers were asked to state freely whether in their opinion the expedition should proceed or turn back. All voted for breaking up camp and continuing the march northward ; St. Francis would hear their prayers and lead them to the port where the packetboat with men and provisions would be waiting for them. Portola, however, decided to make one more attempt. He ordered Ortega with his men to explore the northern coast of the bay. But when these re- turned two days later and declared that no harbor such as Viseaino described had been seen, he lost hope and com- manded that on the morrow the march should be resumed. Accordingly, on October 7, they de- camped and proceeded in a northerly direction. The country they entered now was exceptionally beautiful. Like the Poverello of Assisi, Fr. Crespi had an eye and a heart for the charms of nature. The flowers on the prairie, the herbs and shrubs along the bank of the river, the trees of the forest, the birds starting up at his approach — he knew them all by name and understood the language they spoke. Enthusiasm is contagious and Fr. Gomez was not proof against it. He, too, was filled with admiration, especially when they came to the El Rio de Pajaro that courses tranquilly through a fertile val- ley girt on either side with a luxuriant growth of trees and underbrush. Portola and his company forded this river and were now traveling in a west- erly direction. They had already pass- ed out of a timber, when a charming spectacle met the gaze of the two friars who were bringing up the rear. To their left some two hundred yards away stood a grove of trees more hand- some than any tliey had so far seen. 162 THE REDWOOD " Aren ' t those magnificent trees? " remarked Fr. Gomez. " Indeed, " repled Fr. Crespi; " I, too, was admiring them. How tall and stately they are — especially that one over there at the edge of the grove ; sure, it must measure some two hun- dred palmos in height. " " At least, " his confrere corrected. " And their dense foliage, what a vig- orous green. How massive those red- dish trunks are, tapering upward so gracefully. And high over all, how beautiful those pyramids of leaves pointing heavenward to their Creator. " Do you know the name of this tree? " Fr. Gomez asked when they had reached the grove. Fr. Crespi picked up a handful of cones that lay on the ground and exam- ined them closely. Then he looked up at the branches inserted with slender acute leaves and terminating in a red- brown cone. " No; it is entirely new to me, " at length the friar replied; " at college, as far as I remember, neither our professor nor our text-book ever made mention of a tree of this kind. How strangely beautiful! See, the bark is red, " he added, pulling off a piece that was loose. " Why, it seems the entire trunk is red, " Fr. Gomez put in, pointing to where his companion had removed the bark. " And it isn ' t a cedar either, " he continued, " for it hasn ' t the odor of a cedar. I just wonder what name botanists have given this tree. " ' ' Very likely it is indigenous to these regions, " Fr. Crespi explained, " and consequently it has till now not been named and classified. " " Well, it is up to you then to give it a name, " the other returned good-na- turedly. ' ' And a name it shall have ; we ' 11 call it Palo Colorado. ' ' " Fine ! " applauded Fr. Gomez. " Palo Colorado — Redwood, a name as beauti- ful as the tree that sha ll henceforth bear it. " Meanwhile, Portola and his officers were pushing on. They were bent more on finding the Bay of Monterey than on discovering and naming unknown trees. " We must find that bay, " he said to Fr. Crespi, when the latter had caught up with him; " we must find it, no mat- ter what it costs. " " And we shall, " the friar replied cheerfully; " St. Francis is guiding us. " Onward then the company marched — three more weeks of suffering and privation. Luckily, the condition of the sick men was improving, insomuch that toward the end of the month they were able to leave their litters which had been strapped to the backs of the mules. It was on October 31 that the party arrived at the foot of a hill. Not sus- pecting what was in store for them, they wearil} scaled its rugged side. But what was their joy and confusion when the officers and the Fathers THE REDWOOD 163 reached the top of the hill and beheld a grand roadstead before them. " What have we here! " exclaimed Fr. Crespi. " The charts! " demanded Portohi. " Is it possible? " the general mused, after briefly comparing the scene be- fore him with Bueno ' s account. " Ex- actly! There, almost due north, the point of land; yonder, farther west, to the left, the farallones; and to the northeast, the estuary. Is this — " " Yes, General, the Bay of San Fran- cisco, " Fr. Crespi continvied. " Then we have left the one of Monte- rey behind us? " " Everything points that way. " " But we must make sure of this, " insisted Portola, much perplexed. Next day was the feast of All Saints When the two Fathers had finished say- ing Holy Mass, Portola ordered Ortega with a squad of soldiers to explore the entire coast and to report in three days. They set out immediately. By the time they returned, however, conjecture had grown into certainty. A party of sol- diers, having left camp on All Souls Day to hunt deer, returned that same evening with the glad tidings that to the northeast a mighty arm of the sea extended into the land — the magnifi- cent San Francisco Bay. " General, " said Fr. Crespi, " St. Francis is a trusty guide ; we didn ' t pray in vain to him on his feast day. " " Well, " came the glad reply, " our expedition was not in vain, after all. We missed the Bay of Monterey, but found the one of St. Francis. " " Where, I trust, he will soon have his mission, " good Fr. Crespi con- cluded. San Francisco and the Redwood — the fortunate discovery of the one and the beautiful name of the other, the result of an error hard to account for. Did St. Francis petition God to shut the eyes of Portola and his men and to direct them to his bay in order to se- cure his mission? Further, did the sainted lover of nature want one of his sons to give California ' s most beautiful tree its name? But, no matter; only for the explorers ' failure to recognize the Bay of Monterey this story would not have been so strangely entitled SAN FRANCISCO AND THE RED- WOOD. Black Robes and Brown in California Z. J. Maher, S. J. Courtesy of the " Catholic World ' HEN the old Spanish car- avels stood out for new seas and new shores and prows which till now had itifc headed North and South Y Y quest of dis covery and I j J adventure were dipped in aiS MM Western waters fabled to lap the base of golden cliffs, side by side with the daring mariner sailed the no less daring friar. One ran up the royal ensign, the other held up the standard of the cross; one sought new lands for the crown, the other new souls for Christ, and from out the first small boat that grounded on a new-found shore there leaped the cavalier and there stepped the friar. The flag was unfurled, the cross was raised and there on the beach to the boom of cannon and the roar of the sea Mass was said and God was asked to bless the land and all that were to dwell therein. Be it said to the glory of Spain that she ever sought to christianize her discoveries, or rather she sought to dis- cover that she might christianize. It was therefore but in accord with the usual procedure that friars were found in Cortez ' party when he landed on the coast of Lower California in 1535. The Spaniards scurried after 164 gold, the friars mingled with the na- tives, and tried to tell them of Heaven and the things of the soul. Difficulties were overwhelmingly great and after a year of fruitless effort the friars were compelled to give up in sorrow. Sixty years later a second attempt was made, determined and persevering, but it too ended in failure. The Brown Robe had come and suf- fered and labored and gone. Meanwhile Ignatius of Loyola had founded the Society of Jesus and filled it with a world-for-Christ conquering spirit. Its movements were swift and sure. Ignatius planned, Xaviers execu- ted. In ten years it had spread over Europe ; in thirty it had entered Mexico, opened colleges, founded missions and soon counted 120,000 converts. All this was on the mainland ; across the gulf, on the peinsula, nothing was done until the arrival of Frs. Salvatierra and Kino, S. J., aboiit 1680. LTnfamiliar names these, yet the names of the men who thought out and set in motion that vast mission system which for 150 years was to creep stead- ily Northward from Lower California up past San Francisco to Solano, reach- ing out and gathering in souls for Christ till it was crushed bv a counter THE REDWOOD 165 movement which in its last analysis was planned and set in motion by the su- preme hater of all that is holy and di- vine. Kino was a German Tyrolese whose real name was Kuehn, mellowed by the soft-tongued Spaniards into Kino. A splendid mathematician, he gave up his chair in the University of Inglostadt for the missions. His first taste of Cal- ifornia was had while acting as royal surveyor to a company sent out to map the gulf coast. Deeply struck by the misery of the natives he sought permis- sion to labor among them but Avas re- fused. Salvatierra was a Milanese and like Kino a University man, but now fired with zeal for the conversion of the Californians. Kindred spirits these, but civil and religious superiors alike opposed their plan ; the country was a useless desert, the missions could never support themselves and the government would not lend them aid. Salvatierra met this difficulty with the determina- tion to have the missions endowed. He would beg. He would gather funds on the interest of which the missions could be maintained. In six montlis generous Spaniards in Mexico had contril)iited $45,000. Salvatierra invested the money in certain holdings in Mexico City ; these were to belong to the missions, to be devoted exclusively to their support, to be administered by the procurators of the Jesuit college. Thus was begun the famous pious fund, destined to play so important a pai ' t in the foundation and upkeep of evei-y mission in Upper and Lower California. Permission Avas finally obtained to begin the work. Salvatierra and Kino threw themselves into it with the pent up fervor of ten prayerful years, and on October 19. 1697, founded the first of the California missions. Fifty thousand creatures, one is loath to call them men, then existed on the peninsula. Whence they came they neither knew nor cared; some said from a bird, others from a stone or worse. Tall and robust, dark, with heavy feat- ures and low forehead, they much re- sembled the Digger Indians of Upjier California or the Yumas of Colorado. They built no wigwams, but lived in the open, under a bush or behind a heap of stones. They cultivated absolutely nothing; day after day they searched for food, talked, slept and rose to search for food again. They were near brutes, eating anything and everything — roots, seeds, flesh of all kinds, eats, rats, owls, bats, snakes, worms, cater- pillars. ' ' Nothing ' ' one of the mission- aries notes, " was thrown to the Euro- pean pigs which the California Indian Avould not gladly have eaten. ' ' Twenty- four pounds of meat in twenty-four hours was not too much for them ; sixty such gormandisers once consumed three steers in a night. It Avill startle our Commissions on Hygiene to learn that neither gout, apoplexy, chills, fever, smallpox nor venereal diseases were known among these creatures before the white man 166 THE REDWOOD came to live among them. A California Indian never grew sick. He just died. We have lifted a corner of the veil tliat hides their physical degradation ; we dare not do as much and show their moral wretchedness. There was no law nor order among them. To quote our outspoken missioner : — ' ' In govern- ment they resemble nothing less than a herd of swine which runs about grunt- ing, to go here today, scattered tomor- row. They live as if they were free- thinkers and, salve venia, materialists. " Family there was none. When the young Californian had been taught to catch mice and kill snakes his educa- tion was complete ; it mattered little to him whether he had parents or not. He could count to three or at most to six, though some say twenty, surely not be- yond, for fingers and toes then failed. Why count at all? Whether they had five fingers or fifty mattered not, the succession of days mattered less. Evei y day was eating time, idling time ; every night was sleeping time, dancing time. They had no concept of a Supreme Be- ing, no idols, no temples, no suspicion of the immortality of the soul. Some writers tell of a belief among them strangely resembling the Incarnation, of a Creator of land and sea one of whose three sons had lived on earth and had been killed by the Indians. So write Venegas and Clavigero who never saw California, while Pr. Baegert, a missioner of seventeen years residence, states that he could find no notion of a Supreme Being among them. Such were the creatures whom the Black Robes undertook to Christianize in 1697. He won his way to their hearts by soothing their stomachs. Any of them would listen to an instruction for the sake of a meal, ready cooked and savory, but none of them was willing to work for it. In sheer playfulness they would mimic the missioner as he fetched stones, mixed clay, felled timber, cleared the ground, dug, plowed, herded cattle. All day long, day in and day out, these priests, men of culture and refinement, toiled like slaves, offering their labor as a prayer that God might give the Indians grace to see the truth and strength to follow it. Wearied by a day of toil, they would gather the Indians at eventide to instruct them and once more satisfy their craving for food. It was discouraging work. The Indians Avere slow to understand, the Fathers slow to baptize. Some they did bap- tize, but even these could not keep con- tinually at the mission. Lack of water and arable land precluded the estab- lishment of pueblos or towns; there could not be that constant dwelling of neophytes round the church, so neces- sary for successful mission work, which we see in the reductions of Para- guay and in the missions of Upper Cali- fornia. Some few however they man- aged to keep near them for weeks at a time. These they would assemble in the church for morning prayers, Mass and instruction. Breakfast followed, after which the Indian went to mimic the pa- THE REDWOOD 167 tient missionary at work. A long rest was enjoyed at noon ; in the evening all assembled in the church again to recite the rosary and evening prayers. With difficulty could the natives be induced to live in rude huts, with great- er difficulty could they be pei ' suaded to clothe themselves. Then of a sudden they would off to the mountains when the cactus fruit was ripe, but Avhat could the missioner do but forget and forgive when the fruit was gone and the memory of the mission meals brought the wanderers back ? Though revolting to every finer sense, work among the Indians ever at- tracted fresh recruits who pushed Northward into the country, founding new missions as they advanced. The martyrdom of two of their number in- spired the others with a greater love for a work that might end in blood. We cannot give the results of their laboi-s in figures. Records are wanting. This we know : — the Jesuits in Lower Cali- fornia explored the whole peninsula. Kino alone doing 20,000 miles, redis- covered the Colorado ' s mouth, con- structed a wondrous system of aque- ducts, raised cattle and crops while all the wise heads of Mexico said they must fail. Best of all, they founded eighteen missions and saved hundreds of souls. For six decades of years had fifty-six sons of Loyola labored, forgotten and ignored, till of a sudden, Don Gaspar de Portola arrived with peremptory or- ders to .ship every one of them back to Spain It had been discovered in the highest court of a Catholic country that men who had forsaken all to labor and sAveat as farmers, menials and cat- tle-men, who had submitted to insults the vilest and had breathed in an at- mosphere of physical and moral filth that they might raise a tribe of Indians a few degrees above the level of the brute and thus effect that the blood of Jesus Christ might reach and ransom a few more souls, were a danger to a king who hardly knew of their exist- ence and a menace to a nation that had yet to learn who they were and what they were doing. They were soldier-priests, these sons of Loyola, and their pass-word was ' Obey ' . The clothes on their backs, three books in their hands, no more they took away with them when they boarded their prison ship amid the tears of their neophytes who now had learned to love them. The Black Robe had come and labor- ed. He was led away, prisoner of the crown. There was one consoling thought in all these trials — the ship that carried them away would return bringing Fran- ciscans to take up the sadly interrupted work. The Brown Robe was returning to his own, led by that SAveetest of western missionaries, that self-forget- ful, winning Francis of the West, Fra Junipero Serra. Spain claims his birth- place in Majorca, but California claims his resting-place in the lovely Carmel valley within sight and sound of the sea, under the clear blue sky, down by the 168 THE REDWOOD river side in the meadow-land at the foot of the purple hills of Monterey, where the cypress and the pine stand eternal watchers at his tomb. Difficult indeed was the task the Franciscans undertook; the natives eyed them Avith suspicion, judged them supplanters of the Black Robe and friends of the civilians who had hasten- ed to rob the mission stores, but the sweet spirit of their founder was with them to win the confidence and love of the natives. In three years they bap- tized nearly 1731 neophytes, blessed 787 marriages, buried 2165 dead. Sure- ly in the economy of grace the suffer- ings of the Jesuits, who during these same years were being shipped over the seas like cattle and flung into prison holes like felons went up a mighty pray- er to God, winning for the Indians grace to see the tx ' uth and to welcome it. It needed but a glimpse of Upper California to convince Junipero Serra that the energy he and his friars were spending on the peninsula would pro- duce far greater fruit there. Eager to begin, but loath to abandon the work he had but lately undertaken, Serra Avelcomed the Dominicans who offered to take charge of all the missions, five years after the Jesuits had been driven away. Faithfully the Dominicans labored on till 1840; constant friction with an irre- ligious government wore doAvn the mis- sion chain and one day it snapped asunder. Mexico then, as Mexico now, was no lover of the church and was restless till the work of the Jesuits, Franciscans and Dominicans in Lower California lay a dismal ruin. We turn in sorrow from the scene to view the marvels Serra wrought in Up- per California. Cabrillo and Viscaino had long ago sailed up the coast and claimed the land for Spain. Russian boats came sailing down the Pacific seeking sealing grounds and harbors. It was high time for Spain to assert and maintain her claim. The country must be settled, the natives subdued. Instead of soldiers, friars were requisitioned, for flags the cross, for forts a church, for the play of artillery song and psalmody, for the death-like grip of war the loving kiss of Christian peace. The army that con- quered California for Spain numbered fifteen friars, led by Junipero Serra who came up overland and on July 16th, 1769, founded the first of that long chain of missions Avhose crumbling ruins today tell of the enterprise and the devotion of the friars of half a cen- tury ago. They found themselves in a won- drously lovely land. " Many flowers and beautiful, " writes Serra, " and to- day I have seen the queen of them all, the Rose of Castile. " This fair land was fair in all that lived in it but man. There was no one tribe, no great nation as Iroquois or Mohawk, but a multitude of smaller tribes, differing in language, customs and manners. Twin brothers of the Lower California Indian, they were THE REDWOOD 169 slow, sluggish, immoral, inexpressibly filthy. " In not one of the missions, " Padre Palou has left in writing, " was there found any idolatry, but only a negative infidelity. " Father Engle- hardt, who is taken to be the greatest living authority on the California mis- sions, writes: — " The California savage had no religion whatever. Of the pure and reasonable worship of the Creator he had no conception. As he, brutelike, aimed only at filling himself and grati- fying his animal instincts, the subject did not interest him. " But the missionaries saw in these poor creatures nought but a soul to be saved, a heart to be won and a body to be trained to labor. The tendency to- day is to call the friars humanizers, working for the uplift of the race, and to honor them as such; they were all this and more, for they had the secret of all uplift — the Cross — which itself was lifted up with its precious burden and mxist be lifted up and set in the hearts of men before the race of red or of white men can be led out of the dark- ness of a paganism, refined or bar- barous, into the light of a nobler Chris- tian manhood. A study of the methods pursued by the missionaries must be of interest, for the results obtained were marvellous. The site of a future mission was not chosen at random; arable land was sought for, abundance of water and good pasture. Each mission at its foun- dation received .1)1,000 from the pious fund, each friar an annual stipend of $400 and to members of the Society of Jesus it is pleasant to think that not a mission was founded in either Califor- nia which was not due in this little measure to the early efforts of the zeal- ous Fr. Salvatierra. Yet the money never reached the friars as money; ev- ery last peso went to purchase church goods, farming implements, iron ware and supplies. The balance went to pay the freight, for the ships would carry nothing gratis either for the friars or for God. All the buildings were erected on a similar plan ; a square was laid off, the church erected on one corner, next to it the friars ' residence, into which women and girls were never admitted, then the dwelling for Indian boys who acted as domestics, then shops, granaries and stables forming the sides of the square. In the rear was the " monjero " , the so- called nunnery for girls under twelve who were whole orphans, for unmarried girls over twelve, and for wives whose husbands were away. The intensely carnal passions of the Indians made these precautions necessary. Here the " monjas " were locked in at night by a trusty matron ; during the day thej ' could go about, visiting relatives or frie:ids or could, if they wished, stay near the mission learning the tasks of jNIartha. The kindness of the patient friars could not fail to quiet the fears of the Ir.uians. They came seeking for good. Why should they wander searching for rats and roots when they could get bet- 170 THE REDWOOD ter and a plenty if they sat down and heard a man talk for an honr? So they gathered round the friar who told them the story of creation and redemp- tion. Once baptized, the Indian was scarcely ever allowed to leave the mis- sion. This had to be. If left to him- self the Indian would revert to his for- mer habits ; the little learned would be quickh ' forgotten were he allowed to wander at will over hill and dale. To save his soul he had to be, kept near the mission, to keep him near the mis- sion he had to be fed ; to feed him and teach him to care for himself in a man- ner differing from that of the brute, this was the task to which the Francis- cans next addressed themselves. The neophytes were largely employed in agriculture, but besides they Avere taught cattle raising, the care of sheep and various trades, carpentry, black- smithing, the making of bricks, tiles, saddles, candles, soap, etc. In every task the versatile friar Avas the master ; there he stood in his coarse brown robe, guiding the plow, forginj- ' . l)uilding. planting, herding — made all things to all men that he might gain them all to Christ. His bodily needs thus cared for, the Indian was content to dwell at the mis- sion. To reach his dull mind and to impress upon it the chief truths of Re- ligion the Padres made free use of paintings, pictures and processions. The beautiful liturgy of the Church was carried out in all its grandeur. Visitors to the mission today are struck with the richness and completeness of the litur- gical equipment, while the paintings on the walls and ceilings tell them, as they told the neophytes, albeit crudely and in vivid color, of death, hell, purgatory and the mysteries of religion. In spite of all this instruction not many could grasp the meaning of the Blessed Sacra- ment, the great central point of all Catholic liturgy ; hence, but feAv were allowed to receive Holy Communion. As time went on, the children, always objects of the missionaries ' special care, sang at Mass, at Vespers and at Bene- diction. Sweet indeed and peaceful Avere the Sundays at the mission with Morning Prayer and Mass, Rosary and Litany, all in sweet succession. God was blessing the missions, and the friars felt that their labors liad not been in vain. Yet withal, excesses were to be ex- pected, the more so as the white man mingled with the red. For various faults gentle reprehension was at first used, then persuasion. To lock an In- dian up was useless ; nothing pleased him better for it freed him from work. Hence fasts were imposed, hard labor and for grosser carnal crimes the lash, but never with the cruelty which the bigots assert. The number of strokes was fixed by law at twenty-five, nor were they ever administered by the friar himself, nor more than once a day and never more than once for the same offence. This punishment was first in- troduced by the Jesuits in Lower Cali- fornia who found it the only way to THE REDWOOD 171 make the natives feel that to do certain things was very wrong indeed. Such was the life, such the system adopted at each of the twenty-one mis- sions founded in quick succession dur- ing fifty-four years. God blessed the friars and their work. In the height of their prosperity they har])ored and clothed and fed thirty thousand neo- phytes at one time, while the combined missions owned 268,000 head of sheep, 232,000 head of cattle, 34,000 horses, 8,300 goats, 3,500 mules, 3,400 swine. These figures are all the more strik- ing when we reflect that there had l)een no livestock of any kind in California before Junipero Serra drove a small herd up from Lower California when he had come to found the missions just fifty years before this time. The friars however were never left in peace. Greedy officials hungered for the mission goods and snapped at the Padres who kept them at bay. For this they called them misers, self-seekers, greedy for gold — them the barefoot sons of poor St. Francis who had sworn a solemn oath never to possess a peso. They meekly bore the slander and the lie, but when inroads were made on the mission goods then they showed their mettle. Mission goods were Indian goods, to touch them was to wrong the Indian and as long as the Franciscans had a pen to write and a tongue to speak they protested against the in- justice done their neophytes without fear of the consequences to self. Yet there was a subtler opposition behind it all. To see its cause — for its effects were all too pitiful — one must go back to the libraries of France where Voltaire and the Encyclopedists thought out a false philosophy of life, of the equality of man, of lil erty, fra- ternity and the rest. Their ideas were caught up in France and carried over to Spain whence they spread even to Mexico, influencing the political situ- ation there as elsewhere. Seculai-ization of the missions was the form it took in Mexico. Secularization was said to be the emancipation of the Indian. Till now he was on a lower social scale — but he was equal to the white and there- fore he must live as the white ; his lib- erty was hampered by the friars, he must be given freedom for all men are born free, the friars must give way to the secular clergy; community life at the mission must stop : pueblos or towns must be built, and the Indians elect their own officials and govern them- selves. The lands and goods were di- vided among the Indians in a way that left them about twenty thousand acres, leaving over a million acres of land and a like disproportion of livestock at the hands of the government. This was called secularization; a shorter name and a truer would have been — theft. The friars protested vigorously, but to no avail. Mexico had declared itself independent of Spain in 1821 and Cali- fornia accepted the new order of things. The grand old flag of Spain was lower- ed at Monterey fifty-three years after it had been raised by Portola. It fell 172 THE REDWOOD as it had risen, bloodlessly. The political history of California under the Mexican rule would be ludicrous were it not law- less ; new governors were set up and de- posed after revolutions in which never a gun was fired nor a man injured. Street brawls and petty jealousies in- stalled new governors. What cared the Spanish Calif ornian, who ruled the land? As long as luscious grapes blush- ed purple in a setting silver green, as long as his fields went rippling away in golden laughter up to the mountain side where his sleek cattle grazed, what cared he who issued manifestos at Monterey? He would swear l)y any governor, any constitution. And so he kept on swearing. And when Commo- dore Jones, U. S. N., sailed into Monte- rey and raised the Stars and Stripes, he would have sworn by Jones had not Jones concluded he had made a big mistake and sailed away before the gay Hidalgo had had a chance to swear. What could the friars do amid these incessant changes They feared for their missions and prayed for their ne- ophytes, for evil daj s were come upon them. Each new governor agreed with his predecessor only in meddling with the missions and pushing secularization ahead till even the California Indian. Avho was no warrior and was much too lazy to be angry, rose in rcliellion. Then the friar stood for authority and taught the Indians to obey while once more he showed the governor the injus- tice of his policy. It was useless. They tampered with the missions till 1845 when Pio Pico stole and sold the mis- sions as never pirate stole at sea. Mis.sion La Purissima. worth $67,000 ten years before, went to John Temple for $1,100. Capistrano, which but thir- teen years before owned 11,000 head of cattle, 5,000 sheep and 450 horses, went for $700 to Messrs. McKinley and Wil- son. Soledad, with 10,000 sheep, and 7,000 head of cattle thirteen years be- fore, went for $800 — and so on through the sad litany of the missions. Inter- ference had depreciated them, these " sales " ruined them. Appraised at $2,000,000 twelve years before this time, they were estimated at $150,000 in 1845. The ruin of the mission system was complete. For 76 years 146 noble sons of St. Francis had labored, two had died as martyrs — and now their work was all undone. Under their care and guidance the Indians had harvested 2,200,000 bushels of wheat, 600,000 bushels of barley, 100.000 bushels of lentils, 8.50,000 bushels of corn, 160,000 bushels of beans. Had the friars done naught but this they would deserve full meed of praise. But they did more. They baptized 90,- 000 Indians, blessed 27,000 marriages and buried 70,000 dead. All honor to the Brown Robe! He taught the Indian to serve his God and his king, he taught him to respect him- self, he taught him trades and agricul- ture, he explored and mapped the state, built roads and aqueducts, brought in live-stock, fruits and grapes, wheat and THE REDWOOD 173 corn — and for this his missions .ire ruined, liis lands are plundered, his ne- ophytes disl)anded. And what had he to say? Only this: " You ask me who caused the ruin of the missions? As one who saAV and suffered T can only try to close ray eyes that they may not see the evil done and my ears that they may not hear the endless wrongs en- dured. " Sweet spirit of St. Francis, living, forgiving in your sons as in yourself ! Here we must weave in the story of the pious fund. We noted its begin- ning by Salvatierra in ]697. It totaled some $400,000 in 1784, while in 1842 it was valued at one and one-half mil- lion dollars. On the suppression of the Society of Jesus, the King of Spain acted as its trustee to be succeeded by the Mexican government in 1821. Too sweet a morsel to be placed where it might not be nibbled at at will, Santa Anna declared the property formerly incorporated into the national treasury and ordered the sale of the real estate, acknowledging an indebtedness of 6% on the total proceeds of the sale. Thus matters stood when Commodore Sloat, U. S. N., sailed into Monterey bay and hoisted the Stars and Stripes, though war had not been declared with Mexi- co. War did come and California was ceded by Mexico on July 4th, 1848. With California thus lost to her, Mexico ceased paying any share of the proceeds of the fund to tiie missions of Upper California. The California bishops pro- tested before the Ainei-iean and Mexi- can Mixed Claims Commission in 1869. Sir Edward Thornton, the umpire, decided for the bishops in 1875, award- ing them $904,700 in Mexican gold, this being the accumulated interest from the year 1848 to the year 1869. Mexico paid the award, stating at the same time that she considered the claim set- tled ' in toto ' and made a last payment in this sense in 1890. Naturally the Bishops demurred and claimed pay- ment of interest due since 1869. The cause was finally settled at The Hague in 1892, being the first international claim there arbitrated. Mexico was thereby compelled to pay the United States $1,420,682.27 Mexican, this be- ing the annuity of $43,050.99 due from ' 69 to ' 02. She must moreover annual- ly and perpetually pay the United States on the 2nd of February, $43,- 050.99 in money having currency in Mexico, this being, in round numbers. $22,000 American. This sum is divided between the three Bishops of Califor- nia. The U. S. Commission on Indian Af- fairs tells our mission story in four words: " Conversion, civilization, neg- lect, oiatrage. The conversion and civi- lization were the work of the mission Fathers, the outrage and neglect mainly our own. " The beginnings of this outrage and nej-ylect hastened the death of the first Bishop of California, Diego y Moreno. Padi ' p Gonzales, a Franciscan, was ap- l)ointed administrator. The mad rush 174 THE REDWOOD for gold was now on; that frenzied struggle with man and beast and sand and snow and mountain and plain, that furious scramble up the Rockies and down the Sierras, that wild race to pan the gold that had glistened for ages in the California river beds. There were but eight priests in the whole state. Help must be had and in God ' s providence it was to come from that same Blackrobe who had laid the first beginnings of the mission system which now lay in ruins all along the gulf and up the coast. He came down from the North from among the Couer d ' Alenes and the Flatheads, the Spo- kanes and the Gros Ventres where the great De Smet had founded the Oregon missions. Frs. Nobili and Accolti set sail for California on St. Xavier ' s day and passed through the Golden Gate on the night of the feast of the Immaculate Conception in 1849, so that, writes Fr. Accolti, ' ' the next day we were able to set foot on the longed-for shores of what goes under the name of San Fran- cisco, but which, whether it should be called madhouse or Babylon, I am at a loss to determine, so great is the dis- order, the brawling, the open immoral- ity, the reign of crime which, brazen- faced, triumphs on a soil not yet brought under the sway of human laws. " Meanwhile a new Bishop had been consecrated for California. A Domini- can, Joseph Sadoc Alemany. On the 19th of March, 1851. he placed Fr. No- bili in charge of the abandoned mission of Santa Clara. Eighteen years earlier it had counted 1,125 neophytes in its mission family; on the eve of that St. Joseph ' s day " the church and orna- ments were sadly out of repair, ' ' notes Fr. Nobili. " The few buildings at- tached that were not either sold, be- stowed or filched away were in a con- dition of dismal nakedness and ruin. The gardens, vineyards and orchards were in the hands of swindlers and squatters. " The 10,000 cattle, 10,000 sheep and 1,000 horses were grazing on other pastures. Here then, on the ground prepared by Franciscans, at the behest of a Dom- inican Bishop, did the Jesuit Fr. Nobili, with $150 in his pocket and unbounded trust in Providence, lay the first begin- nings of SANTA CLARA COLLEGE. The Turin Province of the Society of Jesus took over the rising mission and sent as helpers exiled subjects who Avere working in the East ; Fr. Maraschi, professor of Philosophy at Loyola, Bal- timore; Fr. Masnata, professor of Rhe- toric at Frederick; Fr. Messea, profes- sor of Chemistry at St. Louis. The two latter went to Santa Clara. Fr. Mara- schi remained in San Francisco seeking a site for a church and college. " Build it over there, " said His Grace, with a sweeping gesture. ' Over there ' were rolling sand dunes, shifting sands that sank into the sea. Fr. Maraschi built it ' over there ' in the hollow of the hills. Ninety days later a college was opened, a college with classics, science and phi- THE REDWOOD 175 losophy, ill the rollicking, happy-go- lucky, devil-may-care city of San Fran- cisco in the days of ' 55. Xobili at San- ta Clara, Maraschi at San Francisco, and the Blackrobe had come back to California. The Brownrobe never left the state ; praying at Santa Barbara mission, he awaited happier times. Today he is working up and down the coast, yet he holds but two of his twenty-one missions. His modest figure is loved by all in California. We treasure every mission ruin as a shrine for pilgrimage ; we are retracing the old mission road, EI Cam- ino Real, and in lieu of mile posts we hang up mission bells — out in the val- ley, up in the mountain, marking mile by mile the road that Serra trod from San Diego up to San Francisco. Even in the heart of the city where the rush for gold is as mad as it was in ' 49 all stop and pause a moment, for the mis- sion bell is being hung ; it marks a mile on the road to Mission San Rafael. There he stands above the crowd, brown robed son of St. Francis, symbol of all that is deepest in faith, purest in love, noblest in self-sacrifice. He blesses the bell and bids it swing out and tell the passer-by that in the long ago his bare- foot brothers gave up home and self and all they loved to care for the body and save the soul of the California Indian. Theirs was the highest altruism, for they are the noblest of our race, truest friends of their fellow man, greatest benefactors of society who shape their lives in imitation of the gentle Son of God who cured all ills of body and then laid down His life to save the soul. Fulfillment CROSS tne epocKs stretching in your train, TKe spirits of 3?our Koly founders glide; Reaching at last your portals, now in chain, Eager to swing tnem far apart and wide, Longing to lift you from tne ages ' dust, Where crumbling in your ruin you have lain Seeking fulfillment of a sacred trust ; The glory of your past to rear again. Proud temple wrecks, still regal in your fall. Rise up as when you were but pioneers; For your appealing cries have torn the caul That overspread the span of slack ' ning years. Know that at last new life your age surrounds. For God, by man will bind your bleeding wounds MARTIN V. MERLE ' 06 176 Remarks on Art Peter B. Kyne. UBAL and Tubal-eain, ac- cording to Chapter 4 of the Book of Genesis, were the great - great - great- great grandsons of Adam and Eve. We have the same authority for the information that Jubal was the father of all such as handle the harp and the organ, while Tubal-eain was an instructor of every artificer in brass and iron. I take it, therefore, that these two were the first creative geniuses, and they were true geniuses, too, for God made them such at birth. I have been unable to find any record of the person who wrote the first poem, short story or serial novel ; it is proba- ble that David with his Psalms and Sol- omon with his Proverbs are the first authentic authors we know of. For my part, however, I refuse to believe that at a period in the history of man- kind when longevity was the rule rath- er than the exception, mere boys of from a hundred and fifty to seven hun- dred years of age loafed around Tubal- eain ' s blacksmith shop all that time without some long-haired lad among them helping himself to one of Tubal- eain ' s cold chisels and a hammer in or- der to write a picture story in the lime- stone cliff hard by. I ' m a trifle hazj on ancient history, but I seem to remem ber that the Egyptians did more or less stone writing thousands of years before Christ and the thought occurs to me Where did the Egyptians get the idea! Well, if human nature was fundament ally the same then as it is now I car well imagine one of Adam ' s Hebrew descendants declaring to an unsympa thetic world that the Egyptians had stolen his stuff. What interests me chiefly, however, is not the identity of the first creative geniuses in music, sculpture, painting and literature. What I ' d give a ripe peach to know is the name of the fellow who, when Jubal appeared in concerl for the fii ' st time with his home-made organ, seized his nose ' tvdxt thumb and forefinger and cried in agonized tones: ' ' Rotten ! ' ' That ' s the information I ' m after. Who was the first Knocker ? No- body will ever know, I fear. However, nobody who ever saw a pteradactyl also photographed the creature and wrote a monograph on pteradactyls, based on first-hand information and study of a live specimen, but for all that scientists have reconstructed not only the ptera- dactyl but other prehistoric monsters, and in such a clever manner that even 17: 178 THE REDWOOD the very stupid among us can gain a very fair idea of what these creatures looked like. Inasmuch as I have had more or less experience with Critics of Art and Knockers of Honest Artistic Effort, covering a period of more than ten years writing fiction for national (and latterly) international consump- tion, I am going to venture to recon- struct The First Critic and present him to you as I am confident he actually M as back in Jubal ' s day. In order to iden- tify him I shall christen him Fooey. Fooey wasn ' t a bad sort of chap to be- gin with. He possessed an alert intelli- gence and tremendous ambition to be famous. The weak spot in his nature was his vanity. He desired the applause of the multitude ; failing to win that he still desired their notice. He wanted to be talked about and in a pinch it is probable that he would have accepted notoriety as eagerly as he would have accepted fame. Fooey could take a kick in the face and take it smilingly, but to be overlooked, neglected or forgotten, hurt him cruelly. Now, Fooey was reasonably fond of music and the first time he heard Jubal practicing My Figleaf Babe out back of the barn he was fired with ambition to go and do likewise. So he contracted with Jubal to make him an organ and as soon as Jubal delivered it Fooey hied him away to a quiet spot and started one-finger exercises. At the end of a month he concluded he was just about as good as it was possible to be, so he called around to astound Jubal with a demonstration of his Art. Imagine his horror when he discovered Jubal play- ing the organ with both hands and his eyes shut ! Hurrying back home Fooey started to work with his left hand. At the end of a year he was doing very well for an amateur, so again he called on Jubal — and lo, Jubal was tickling the ivories with his bare toes and playing an accom- paniment with his hands on his latest invention, the harp ; alternatelj ' he sang or whistled and banged a bass drum with his right elbow. His oldest boy Avas pumping the organ. Quite a num- ber of friends and neighbors were stand ing around, cheering for Jubal, and among them Fooey noticed the charming daughters of Irad, one or both of whom he planned to marry, an extra wife or two not being considered an encumbrance in those days. In a fit of jealousy Fooey fled the gay and festive scene. His feelings were lacerated. Nobody had ever applauded his efforts — that is, nobody for whose opinions he cared three whoops in a hol- low — and applause and fame were what he desired. It was a matter of indif- ference to him whether or not he could play the organ as Jubal played it, pro- vided he could, in our modern phrase- ology, " get by " . He was much con- cerned with what the Irad girls thought about his Art, but not with what HE thought about it. In fact, he didn ' t think about it at all. He thought about himself. He said : " I ' m all right, but why this Jubal bird can perform so THE REDWOOD 179 wonderfully and seemingly without ef- fort, and in such a manner that those two Irad girls simply cannot make their feet behave, is a mystery to me. " After much brooding Foeey conclud- ed he had found a clue to the mystery. The Irad girls were more or less bovine ; they didn ' t appreciate good music when they heard it — that is, when they heard it played by a Genius, for by now our hero regarded himself as such, since the wish is ever father to the thought. We all know that to strive to appeal to such natures as the Irad girls possessed (ac- cording to Fooey) is as hopeless a ta.sk as attempting to popularize the Gregor- ian chant in a modern cabaret. No, these light and frivolous creatures whose approval he secretly coveted, did not appreciate him ; they could not un- derstand his Art, and a profound won- der stole over him that anybody could cheer for the careless, sloppy art of that fellow Jubal! Fooey continued to brood. Eventu- ally it dawned upon him that he could not hope to excel Jubal as a musician, bvit nevertheless he evolved a plan to keep the spotlight on himself and be- little Jubal. He resolved to become a Critic ! He affected a solemn and mel- ancholy cast of countenance, dressed differently from other men and lavish- ed great praise upon Jubal ' s students, no matter how awful they were. Jubal he ignored, unless some enthusiastic ad- mirer of Jubal eagerly demanded his opinion of Jubal ' s art, when Fooey would say: " Jubal ' s playing is pleas- ing at times; in fact he does rather well with those minor, simpler melodies, which serve to screen his appalling lack of technique. However, since the ballad is the commonest and simplest form of music, originating as it does among the ignorant and illiterate of all nations, it is not surprising that as a troubadour of the proletariat Jubal is immensely pop- ular. It is to be regretted that a man of his undoubted native talent should sacrifice his future by practicing the catch-penny tricks of the professional entertainer. Posterity will have none of him. " Hearing Fooey speak thusly certain persons, who then, as now, have no indi- viduality and prefer to have their thoughts manufactured for them, and being quite impressed by Fooey ' s judi- cial pronouncements and artistic poses, credited Fooey with being a great Art- ist and a Learned Man — one whom it would be well to imitate. Gradually it became the fashion in certain circles to criticize adversely an d cruelly not only Jubal ' s art but Jubal himself. Persons who desired to know Jubal but whom Jubal could not afford to know because they wasted his time calling upon him when he had need of practicing, resent- ed his aloofness and ascribed it to hau- teur and the swelled-head. So they spread little scandals about him ; grad- uallj ' ' it became known that Jubal had stolen another man ' s idea when he in- vented the organ and had taken ad- vantage of the extreme poverty of the real inventor of the harp to purchase 180 THE REDWOOD the manufaetiiring rights at a starva- tion figure. Later it was reported on good authority that he owed everything he had to his wife, who was his inspira- tion and had taught him how to plaj ' . He was reported to booze considerably in the privacy of his home and to be the possessor of a dreadful temper. It was stated that he never paid a bill he could possibly evade paying and that he was grossly " commercial " . Fooey once stated in public that the clink of silver had drowned the voice of Jubal ' s art ; with sorrow he was forced to state this accusation. No, Jubal knew nothing about Art. Nevertheless, Jubal continued to prosper in worldly good and gear and his popularity increased by leaps and bounds. He was what we term now-a- days " a riot " . He brought such joy to his neighbors that they would give him almost anything they possessed and which they didn ' t particularly need at the moment, provided he would play for them. Also, Jubal derived quite a thrill out of the knowledge that he had suc- cessfully produced an organ and a harp ; he was tremendously happy be- cause he could play and his own music never failed to thrill him. Of course he took the silver folks threw at him because Lamech, his father, was a poor man and needed the money, but the fact of the matter was that Jubal would have played just as long and just as well for nothing. He had music in his soul and it had to come out ; also he was thrifty by nature and hated to see a good thing wasted. Likewise he was unselfish and loved to share a good thing with his neighbors, and if people listened to his music, that appealed to his thrifty, unselfish soul. It is natural for man to enjoy that which appeals to his nature, and when we enjoy a thing we are happy and desire more enjoy- ment. Jubal was that way. He desired more happiness and the only way he could get it was by perfecting better and sweeter organs and harps and learning to play neAver and sweeter inelodies upon them. After a while people who had been wont to sit around nodding solemn approval, commenced to applaud a little. Soon they discov- ered that this method of expressing their approval was insufficient, so they stamped a little and the j ' oung men whistled shrilly between their teeth,, while dignified old gentlemen cried ' ' Bravo, Jubal ! Bravo ! ' ' Finally Jubal became so good his audience just natur- ally threw back its respective heads and howled! Jubal only quit through sheer exhaustion and wanted to hug everybody who appreciated him. He was so happy that when Lamech, his father, who had always regarded his son as a peculiarly, worthless, wool-gather- ing and impractical fellow who would come to a bad end, booted Jubal for neglecting to feed the goats and milk the camels, Jubal didn ' t mind it a bit. For Jubal was an artist. He didn ' t know anything about art and he didn ' t have to. God Almighty had attended to that. I suppose Jubal frequently won- THE REDWOOD 181 dorcd how he happened to be so differ- ent from other men, and why, from the praetical business of providing- food for his belly and clothes for his back in his old age, his mind had wandered to or- gans and harps. It used to cause him A ' ague uneasiness when Fooey passed him by with a cold sneer ; Jubal always wished devoutedly that he would even- tually develop into such a marvelous player that his art would bring a soft and luminous light into the cold green eye of the Critic. He yearned to hear Fooey cry " Bravo, Jubal, bravo ! Good work, old scout. I knew you ' d get there in time. ' ' But, alas ! Jubal never succeeded in eliciting from The Critic anything more tangible than a sneer or a cool, patronizing smile. And it broke Jubal ' s soft heart. He did his best to be artistic, but somehow he couldn ' t improve his playing. He won- dered what this mysterious thing Art was, that Fooey and the other brethren of the Intelligencia talked so much about; there were times when he con- sidered himself exceedingly stupid be- cause he couldn ' t understand this prate and agree with it. Fooey and his friends had evolved a glib patter to describe the efforts of others to bring joy to mankind, and after they had gotten through talking poor Jubal used to take his corrugated brow in his hands and try to puzzle out what it was all about. He wondered what technique could possibly be; he marveled much that he should have so many enemies, and marveling always, eventually he (lied and his spirit took wing and ap- peared before the bar of Heaven. St. Peter looked up from his inter- minable bookkeeping as Jubal pi ' csent- ed himself for admittance. And the old saint smiled. " Welcome, Jubal, " he cried kindly. " Now, at last, we shall have a Master to lead the Angelic Harpists. " " Ah, " wailed poor Jubal, " do not jest with me. T am commercial.. I know naught of Art. Unlike Fooey I could never learn. " St. Peter smiled. " My son, " ho re- plied, " art is a gift from God and those npon whom the gift is conferred are never aware of it because they have al- M ays had it in a greater or less degree. Art is something that happens. Money cannot affect it, for money is but a sign of appreciation. Jubal. you have made a great many people happy, have you not? " " It has seemed to me that all but a few persons have enjoyed my music, " Julial admitted. " You have changed sobs to laughs; you have wiped away tears and the dis- cord in human souls has melted before your melody. Your music was but one of the infinite expressions of beauty and beauty makes the majority of peo- ple happy; ugliness appeals to none. Jubal, you have drawn great content- ment from the knowledge that, regard- Note — Since writing the above, I have ascertained that Jubal preceded St. Peter to Heaven by some years. 182 THE REDWOOD less of the faint praise of Fooey and his ilk, you have made conntless persons happy. That is Art. Making people happy is the sole excuse for an artist ' s existence. " " But — but — " sputtered Jubal. " But me, no buts, " the good saint protested. " First door to your right, Jubal. They ' ll measure you there for your crown and issue you a harp that ' s a harp! Bless my soul! If he hasn ' t fainted! " K w -; k ft ' Is jn-ri " ' ' " " ' - S m H - ' SSr , ' - ' ' In i BBIPIIIIK » Methods of Study for the California Missions Frances Rand Smith. HE present movement to restore the architecture of Spain as it was when introduced in California, demands the exclusion of any pretense or apology for inconsistent modifi- cations. To follow this trail of I ' esearcli it is essential that the toj)ic should become a thoroughly fa- miliar one, for the reconstruction should be based upon a technical study of the problems presented and a thorough knowledge of the histoi-y of the mis- sion. In the compilation of valuable historical material and the comparison of the data, there should be an elimina- tion of all errors as far as possible. As it has been requested that I should sketch somewhat in detail the course T have followed in the twenty years I have studied the missions, I will touch upon a few of the many important inci- dents which served to bring me more closely in touch with the romance of California and the importance of its early history. In the summer of 1906, I stood before the altar of San Juan Capistrano, the most imposing to be found in all the missions, and realized that the time al- loted to my visit was too brief to allow me to comprehend in some small measure the magnificence of the structure or to record the signi- ficance of its details. I fell feverishly to work and came away with one detail in color which I can proudly claim as the first copy of mural decora- tion produced at San Juan Capistrano. I made my way to San Luis Rey eager for further knowledge. There we were held under the spell of the very friars of the Franciscan order who were per- forming the tasks at the mission in an altogether somber manner. As though by way of contrast, Father O ' Keefe in his genial and kindly way asked if we " cared to see the mission under his guid- ance. From the moment he turned the key in the great doorway of the church, we followed, losing not a word, for we were listening to one of the best known of the scholars in history, from the Franciscan Order of Santa Barbara. The variations of form and color were emphasized by Father O ' Keefe and I was better able to appreciate the charm in Harmer ' s reproduction of the altar of San Luis Rey. Another journey to the southward brought me in touch with the remarka- ble mission of San Fernando. It was an exceedingly warm Sunday morning when our little party stepped into the 183 184 THE REDWOOD cooler air of the long corridor of the mission tavern. Aroused by the ap- proach of strangers, a laborer arose and with the courteous manner of a na- tive of Louisiana asked if he might es- jjlain the attractions of the mission. We passed through the various rooms con- sisting of the quarters of the priest, the original chapel, the wine cellar, the kitchen blackened in the early days with the use of charcoal. Finally we were led into the great dining-room and seated at the plain wooden table, where we were served royally and in master- ful fashion, for we were told the trip would not be quite complete unless we partook of the old-time mission hos- pitality. Before we bade adieu to our guide, he expressed his longing to know something of the history of the mission, the reason for its existence and the life of those who had lived there. His was a thought that was in my mind also and T wondered if I might accomplish some- thing in gathering data which would bear upon the old mission. As a result I arose many a day in Los Angeles at half past four, that I might catch the first train for San Fernando. T gave little heed to the heat of those long summer days or the number of hours in which 1 felt it Avas a great privilege to work. I was in an unrecorded field, the Avealth of material was mine and into my note book I put the many interesting stories I gathered pertaining to the mission. Susceptible as I was to the charm of the surroundings, I might easily have im- agined that I was there to greet Helen Hunt Jackson as she rode up before the main entrance, in the wonderful coach of early days. Later as I through the village of Fernando I heard the call of " Ramona " go out to a little broAvn-eyed maiden. She was the grand- daughter of Mrs. Lopez to whom I be- came indebted for an explanation of the courts and buildings, as fourteen of her girlhood years were spent at the mis- sion. In this manner I made my begin- ning of an accumulation of material not only for San Fernando but the other missions as well. I found that California contained within its length and breadth much ma- terial of value and not infrequently the southern part of the state held in its collections what was most needed for San Antonio de Padua, or the required data for San Diego had long been treas- ured in the archives of the north. Grad- iially I became acquainted with many of the old residents, and during inter- views collected pictures, drawings, maps and books. Through library in- vestigation an important field was en- tered, which many of the older publi- cations have hardly been touched upon. A continuation of these pilgrimages through twenty years, and a compara- tive study of all this available material and the checking up of sources of in- formation resulted in reducing to maps and architectural drawings a consider- able number of missions of California. The field is a broad one and the op- portunities for investigation will be open for many years to come. No bet- THE REDWOOD 185 ter introduction to Spanish architecture in California could be had than what is to be seen now and will be produced through the restoration of the Carmel mission. The methods employed were much the same as in other missions, the elaboration of details varying in each group of buildings. Broad expanses were built upon because, in general, gj-ound levels were necessary and were available. Extensive walls built of blocks of sandstone or adobe bricks moulded from the adaptable soil are the dominant features of the work of the Spaniard. Their pui ' pose was to build consistently, to adopt methods which conformed to the necessities of the par- ticular site chosen for their location and by a duplication of the simplest propor- tions they built their missions, con- structed towers for their chimes, gave strength in great buttresses and ndded an indefinable beauty in the arches of their corridors. The period of prosperity for the Cal- ifornia missions was exceedingly brief. Among the descriptions written in those early and unfamiliar days are those by the sea-captains whose ships bore the flags of different nations. The French- man Laplace saw the Santa Cruz mis- sion when its tower was the principal attraction but when Farnham from an Atlantic port sailed into the harbor, the tower which had been seen above the ti ' eetops was gone. An earthquake, al- ways a fearful menace, had despoiled the mission of its most pleasing feature. There were those who wrote of storms and high water and all too soon the sto- ries came of devastation among the va- rious communities. Thus have the peo- ple of this state become accustomed to the mission in its form of ruin. So, long ago was the mission of San Diego in its state of perfection that its full beauty has never been known to our generation ; and the early environments of Carmel hardly can be pictured to- day. A period came when partial restora- tion placed several of the missions out of the list of actual ruin and these are the sites of greatest historical interest today. The numerous missions still to be cared for offer opportunity for res- toration of the same character and ar- rangement as they had originally. The old outlines followed will produce a unity and beauty and final develop- ment of Spanish architecture deviating little from the original design which embodied simplicity and distinction. History HOU art too fond of idol-worshiping,— Clay idols, armor-clad and Kelmed and plumed, Gold-spurred, brass-gauntleted, steel-brandisKing, — TKou unctuous eulogist of despot king Or world-enslaver whom tky scribes Kave groomed To noble semblance. Nor oblivion-doomed Are sceptred bawd and pander. WKy wilt bring Archaic fetishes on classic scrolls And leave us all too meagerly illumed With the unselfish great, the broadly wise. Who teach mankind to strive for higher goals. Who strip from crime its cloaking glory-guise, Who seek by love to end old Hatred ' s tolls. By truth to purge thee of thy royal lies ! CHAS. D. SOUTH. 186 Early Photographers of the Missions Charles Beebe Turrill. HE present Statewide in- terest in the restoration and preservation of Cali- fornia ' s old Missions cre- ates a desire to know something of those who have left us pictorial representations of these interesting Landmarks. We old Californians have been too slothful in preservation and backward in appreciation of the wonderful archi- tectural heritage the good Franciscan Fathers left us. We have been too prone to regard them as only mud walls erected by strangers Avhose every desire and ambition were alien to our own. Not until stranger tourists swarmed acSross our borders did we Avake to interest in our Missions. Prior to that period the old buildings were either ignored, or, if handily located, were used as cow-sheds by a generation of farmers who gave but casual in- spection as their plow-shares turned to the light of a modern day some crude agricultural instrument with which, in the forgotten past, an Indian neophyte had broken virgin soil to plant the strange seeds of grains and trees from those strange lands whence came the good Padres who taught of stranger and better lands beyond. Fortunately, however, there were a few exceptions among our people who were not unmindful of the architectural harmony, structural symmetry and his- toric interest of the Missions. A few beheld and comprehended. These have left to us most important and priceless pictures of the by-gone time. Our search of pictorial material car- ries us back to a period when drawing and sketching were considered integral parts of a fair education. Many of the most important illustrations of Califor- nia scenes and incidents are preserved to us only through the painstaking sketches of early travelers or pioneer residents. Of the latter was Edward Vischer who left much most vaiuable, and in some sections the only, contem- poraneous illustrative treasures. He, more than any other, loved the Old Missions, the work of a generation an- terior to his, for themselves and for what they represented. A fcAv artists accompanied early ex- ploration expeditions and have embel- lished the volumes of travel with occa- sional Mission sketches. These were simply searching for illustrative mate- rial and carelessly portrayed a few of 187 188 THE REDWOOD the leading ai ' chiteetural features of a strange and distant region. Perhaps the most ridiculous of such sketches is that of Mission San Luis Rey in the atxas of DeMofra ' s Voyage. Avhere the French ax ' tist has depicted a beautiful building on the apex of which flies a French flag over a Spanish Mission lo- cated in Mexican territory. Were the flag the only discordant feature we might excuse the patriotism of the Frenchman, but so many liberties have been taken in embellishing a beautiful structure that critical forebearance ceases to be a virtue. The artists who illustrated Vancouver ' s Voyage and Forbes ' " California " , have been more true to nature. When those accompa- nying the U. S. Government survey for a Pacific railroad entered the pictorial lists we received a picture of Mission San Diego. In that work the new and unusual received illustrative notice and the Missions had to compete with plants, fossils, reptiles, etc., in the pro- portion of one Mission to about a dozen rattlesnakes. But it was different with Edward Vischer. While he has left important sketches of California life and scenery these, in his mind were of little worth in comparison with his Mission sketclies. His works, done mostly during tlie ' 60s and drawn with photographic de- tail, are our only source of pictorial data of the condition of the Mission es- tablishments before the hand of neglect had crushed their roofs and left their walls to the mercy of winter rains. In the early ' 50s the Daguerreotype was popular. Daguerrean Galleries were common in all the larger settlements and in most mining camps. The chief work undertaken was portraiture but a few hardy artists essayed views. Thus we have had Daguerreotypes of the Missions of San Diego, San Jose and Santa Clara. These were made by J. M. Ford, who also had galleries in San Francisco and San Jose. Probably ow- ing to this fact two different daguerreo- types were made of Santa Clara. One of these seems to have disappeared, but had been copied by Watkins. The oth- er and earlier is at the University of Santa Clara. Hamilton and Company were early San Francisco photographers. There is no evidence that they made more than one photograph showing a Mis- sion. In a wood-cut inscribed " From a photograph by Hamilton Co. " , we get a distant view of Mission Dolores. Undoubtedly the first to photograph the Missions in any thorough manner was Carlton E. Watkins, the best view photographer California has seen, Avhose superb work did more to make known our State ' s superior scenic at- tractions than all the other photograph- ers combined. Mr. Watkins was not only a most accomplished and painstak- ing artist, but he was possessed in a su- perior degree with the perception not only of the artistic but also of the histo- ric importance of old landmarks. About 1876 Watkins visited Southern Califor- nia traveling with his covered wagon THE REDWOOD 189 in which he not only transported his photographic equipment, but also devel- oped his wet plates. On that trip he photographed the Missions of San Di- ego, San Luis Rey, San Juan Capistra- no, San Gabriel, San Fernando, Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo, Santa Inez. La Purissima, San Miguel, Soledad. San Antonio and San Juan Bautista. Later, Avhen the Del Monte Hotel was com- pleted, he visited the Monterey region and made several photographs of San Carlos. The earliest of his Mission Do- lores pictures was a copy of a photograph made by an English tourist who stopped in San Fran- cisco during his return trip from the Orient. The Watkins photo- graph of Mission San Jose was his copy of the Ford Daguerreotype. Li his later years Mr. Watkins assembled and cop- ied pictures of the Missions he had not personally photographed and planned an album of views of the Franciscan Missions which got no further than be- ing copyrighted. He also made a sup- erb collection of 16 " x20 " transparencies of the Missions which was destroyed with his possessions in the great San Francisco fire of 1906. During the ' 60s and 70s the demand for vieAvs of cities called into being the View Photographers. The advent of the kodak and other easily operated cameras gave an imjietus to amateur photography that sounded the death knell of the view photographers. Dur- ing the ascendancy of the latter busi- ness rivalry and self interest prompted photographing all interesting and im- portant buildings and events. Watkins, who traveled extensively over the Pa- cific Coast and assembled several thou- sand negatives soon had rivals in his pioneer field. Fardon, in San Francisco, made several most important local views and also copied the same Eng- lishman ' s photograph of Mission Do- lores which Watkins had copied. His work does not seem to have extended beyond San Francisco. An optical firm, Lawrence House- Avorth, which dealt extensively in stere- oscopes, then popular, and in European stereoseoi ic views, having failed to in- duce Watkins to accept a sum of five hundred dollars for making for their exclusive use an hundred stereoscopic negatives, hired some one else to do the job and began an active opposition in the view business which was developed to considerable proportions by House- worth, who subsequently carried on the business. The sale of Watkins ' pic- tures reached such profitable propor- tions that Houseworth sent men through the State to make similar views. Thus, among Mission pictures, we have a most important view of Mission San Jose. E. J. Muybridge, who gained celebri- ty by photographing for Governor Stanford " The Horse in Motion " and thus became the father of the now pop- ular motion picture, entered the photo- graphic field in the early ' 60s. He tra- veled extensively through the State and made a photographic trip for the Paci- fic Mail Steamship Company to the 190 THE REDWOOD ports of Mexico and Central America. As a part of his endeavors he has left us a few import ant Mission views. As his work necessitated frequent absences from San Francisco he established head- quarters first with Bradley Rulofson, portrait photographers, who advertised his views and whose mounts bore the now interesting legend, " The only pho- tographic gallery in the World with an elevator " . They were then located on Montgomery street, between California and Sacramento streets, on the top, or third story of a brick building and the primitive elevator consumed about the same time in an ascent as an active man would need in using the stairs. Later Muybridge made his headquarters with Henry W. Bradley (also of the firm of Bradley and Rulofson) who had a stock house for photographic supplies on Washington street below Kearny. Still later Muybridge conducted a gallery in his own name on the first block on Montgomery street. Taber, who was primarily a portrait photographer, entered the field as a view photographer through a chance of fortune which placed in his possession the entire collection of negatives that Watkins had devoted some twenty years in making. During the latter ' s absence from San Francisco on one of his annual photographing expeditions an undue advantage was taken of him and his entire collectiojis were sold to a party who turned them over to Taber. With such an important foundation the latter sought to build up his view busi- ness and sent operators around to make additional negatives. But few of the Taber Mission photographs are others than those made from original Watkins plates. When Watkins returned home and found how he had been treated he man- fully started out and made an entirely new set of the most saleable views as soon as possible and made new nega- tives of his original Mission prints. All his later mounts bore the words, " Wat- Idns ' New Series ' ' . Not only did he re- place the important subjects wliich had unjustly been filched from him but also added several thousand most im- portant, historically, new subjects. About 1876 J. J. Riley opened a tent studio in Yosemite Valley and made an important series of views as well as many group-pictures of tourists. Dur- ing the winters he stayed in San Fran- cisco, photographed Dolores, and made a visit to the new popular Del Monte and San Carlos. Another well-known Yosemite photo- grapher was George Fiske who became enamored with the scenic charm of the Valley shortly after leaving school and serving a short apprenticeship in a San Francisco portrait gallery. Fiske, dur- ing his earlier Yosemite career, spent the winters around the Bay and has left us an important view of San Car- los. The period of the 70s and early ' 80s, was the time of several " Tramp Pho- tographers " whose names and work are almost unknown to this generation. r - X ' ' A r - ' - r 1 t i ) ION DOLORES. SA I THE REDWOOD 191 Search has thus far diseh)se(l no Mission photographs as their work, though some important views of the old St. Ignatius Church are a heritage from one or two of this tribe. The work of the photographers lo- cated in smaller towns has been almost entirely destroyed. Their collections of negatives were usually dumped out as soon as they died or moved away. Much important historically illustrative mat- ter is thus lost, though in a few cases wood cuts made from such photographs survive in a few specimens. It may be mentioned that probably only one Mis- sion photograph thus made survives in an extremely rare and interesting view at San Luis Obispo. Special prominence has been given to the photographers having their head- quarters in San Francisco. The unde- veloped condition of our southern re- gions had not been conducive to sales of " views " and little attention was given to such outside of Santa Barbara and San Diego which were reached by boat. Some important stereoscopic views of Mission San Diego, probably the work of a local man, are preserved and a few scattered views of Santa Barbara prac- tically complete the list of earliei- ef- forts in this direction. Somewhat later, after the railroad had been extended to Los Angeles and the tourist tide turned thither, a few loyal local photographers took advan- tage of their opportunities and have done good work. Herve Friend who commenced his photographic career in Southern Cali- fornia in the latter ' 80s, did excellent service. He tried to do for the Missions of the south what Watkins had begun and has left most interesting specimens of his skill. It is recorded by Mr. Geo. Watson Cole in his interesting and im- portant paper, that Friend sold his neg- atives to Geo. Wharton James, who only used a few of them in his ' ' In and Out of the Old Missions " , a book which would be useful had its author cared to try to be accurate. C. C. Pierce and Company of Los An- geles have done much to preserve a photographic history of the southern Missions during the last thirty years. Putnam and Valentine, also of Los An- geles, have assembled many most inter- esting Mission views. So did Harold A. Taylor, of Coronado, whom Mr. Cole credits with an hundred negatives. N. H. Reed has done loyal work around Santa Barbara. Amateur photograph- ers in the South, have done much to as- semble and add to the views of Mis- sions. Mr. Cole especially mentions A. C. Vroman of Pasadena and that Nestor ' " Missions and Mission Pictures: a Con- tribution towards an Iconography of the Franciscan Missions of California " , by George Watson Cole, read before the Califor- nia Library Association at its meeting. Long Beaci, April, 1910, and printed in " News Notes of California Libraries, Vol. 5, No. 3, July, 1910. It is most unfortunate that this, the only monograph on this important subject, has not been issued in a more pop- ular and generally obtainable shape. It should be separately printed with Mr. Cole ' s subsequent additions which exist only In MSS. 192 THE REDWOOD of Southwestern lore, Charles F. Lum mis. Remembering the remoteness of Southern California from the routes of tourists until a comparatively recent date, we can understand why the most of the early Mission photographs were made by Watkins, whose prints have been copied and added to the sets sold by progressive photographers now do- ing business in Los Angeles and else- where. The writer is glad that, as an ama- teur photographer, he visited San Diego Mission in 1887 and secured a dozen important views. It is a matter of re- gret now that other affairs interfered with his photographing more Missions at the same period. These are the only dated views of any of the Missions and several details are shown which have entirely disappeared through the lack of local interest to preserve. This is written as an incentive to induce others to make use of some of their photo- graphic material and a little time and thus record by pictures historic condi- tions ere they are lost. It is perhaps well to include in this paper, though foreign to its scope, a mention of Ford ' s Paintings and Etch- ings. These were made by Henry Chap- man Ford of Santa Barbara. By thoughtless investigators too much im- portance is given these which, while meritorious in themselves and a pleas- ing addition to the pictorial record of the Missions, were, in but few cases, made from original sketches. Mr. Ford in publishing his series of Etchings did important work in calling attention to the charm of the Missions. He sought little else beside the selling of his work. As it was expensive and took consider- able time to visit and sketch many of the Missions he availed himself of Wat- kins ' photographs as will clearly ap- pear by a comparison where the Etch- ing follows line by line the Photograph. A careful classification of the various Mission photographs and the elimina- tion of the copies made by present day men shows that we owe the greatest debt of gratitude to Carlton E. Wat- kins, whose views supplemented by cer- tain work of Muybridge, Houseworth, Fiske, and the Southern California pho- tographers named, practically complete the list of original views. So many errors have been made in copying and naming certain pictures that most care- ful collocation is necessary. We must admit to the photographic list the sketches of Vischer owing to their photographic detail. He sought to render correct delineations rather than fancy pictures. We may justly add to his sketches another that has disap- peared, made by an unknown hand, but which was photojgraphed by Father Cichi, and which is the earliest sketch of Santa Clara. In concluding this necessarily hastily prepared paper, the author wishes to state that the information is that glean- ed mostly through personal knowledge of the several artists and their work and through personal acquaintance THE REDWOOD 193 with many of them. No such skotch can be complete as constant searcli amid the dust of the past unexpectedly brings to light important evidence and occasionally an historically priceless picture. The earlier Daguerreotype of Santa Clara is but a single instance. Much trash has been written regard- ing the Missions and much good paper and canvas have been wasted in repro- ducing unauthentic views of them. Ere it is too late every effort should be made to arrive at accuracy and publish the results of such search. Mr. Cole ' s admirable paper referred to is at pres- ent our only guide. He was the first to carefully inve stigate and record the re- sults of his searchings. He dealt not only with photographs but all illustra- tions and paintings. His work was as exhaustive as time would permit to a man of most careful research and ana- lytical determination. It is the writer ' s hope that the pioneer in writing on this subject may yet ere long give us the benefits of his fuller investigations. Concepcion de Arguello ALIPORNIA Romantic and Resourceful " ; thus reads the title of the lit- tle volume in which Judge John F. Davis has given us the true facts of that sweetest of love- tales — the story of Con- cepcion de Arguello and Count von Rez- anov. Prior to Judge Davis ' researches, many of us, if we knew this story at all, knew it only as the fanciful imagining of Bret Harte ' s poetic soul. As Jiad those of other lands, so too had we heard and, mayhap, admired the loves of Alexander and Thais, of Abelard and Heloise. nor did Ave dream that here on our own golden shores, beneath our own blue skies, a romance sadder, nobler, purer far than these had had its being. It is not our intention to recount that romance in the " Redwood " ' in all the fulness of the details that Judge Davis has made known. We reprint his ver- sion of Bret Har.te ' s charming poem, for the reason that it is among the few pieces of literature in which the spirit and atmosphere of chivalric California of by-gone days are realistically and faithfully portrayed. It is our one hope that this " Mission Redwood " may aid in some degree in the preservation of that spirit and atmosphere in the people of California to-day. It will prove of interest, we are sure, to most of our readers, to learn that to one, at least, still on earth, the name ' Concepcion de Arguello ' ' is vital Avith fondest memories. When A. M. Robertson published Judge Davis ' book a copy was sent to the historian Zoeth S. Eldredge, who was very much inter- ested in the history of Concepcion Ar- guello, concerning whom he had been corresponding with Mrs. Katherine Den Bell, of 234 West Islay street, Santa Barbara, a member of one of the oldest Spanish families of California, who, in her childhood personally knew " the Beata " , as she was called for some time before she entered the Dominican Sisterhood. Mr. Eldredge immediately wrote Judge Davis, suggesting that he also send Mrs. Bell a copy of his book. Judge Davis says that he felt more than repaid for all the labor of love he had bestowed on the story when he re- ceived a warm letter of appreciation from Mrs. Bell, in which, among other things, she said: " The Treasure House of my child- hood memories holds nothing lovelier than those that twine around the ' Beata ' s ' historic name. They bring ))ursts of Spring into my heart! I learned my prayers at her knees; have cried and laughed in her arms ; thread- ed her needles, fixed and unfixed her 194 THE REDWOOD 195 sewing-box. And many a time, I re- member waking, as the Mission bells rang the " Alba " (Dawn of day), to find her sweet pale face bending over me, signing my forehead with the Cross, and whispering her oft repeated bless- ing: " Dios te haga una Santita! " (God make you a little saint!). How memory is crowding me ! I shall know her in Heaven by her tender, caressing voice. " God ' s angels can not teach a purer love standard, nor bring us a brighter, sweeter fancy than that of Concepcion ' s life-long faithfulness to her girlhood ' s lover. " Let me thank you in the Beata ' s name that, almost at the eleventh hour, it has been given me to hear another ' voice crying in the wilderness ' . " And so, the author, who had started to try to find something substantial to what at first might have been supposed to be nothing more than a poet ' s fancy, ended by finding a living, loving human being, with a wonderful personal mem- ory of the actual existence of one of the first nuns to join the Dominican order of California, of the woman who, in her radiant girlhood and tender wo- manhood had given California and the world the immortal love-story of the Presidio of San Francisco. Concepcion de Arguello (Presidio de San Francisco, 1806.) By BRET HARTE. Courtesy A. M. Robertson Co., San Francisco, Cal. I. Looking seaward, o ' er the sand-hills stands the fortress, old and quaint, By the San Francisco friars lifted to their patron saint, — Sponsor to that wondrous city, now apostate to the creed, On whose youthful walls the padre saw the angel ' s golden reed; All its trophies long since scattered, all its blazon brushed away ; And the flag that flies above it but a triumph of to-day. Never scar of siege or battle challenges the wandering eye. Never breath of warlike onset holds the curious passer-by ; 196 THE REDWOOD Only one sweet human fancy interweaves its threads of gold With the plain and homespun present, and a love that ne ' er grows old ; Only one thing h olds its crumbling walls above the meaner dust ; Listen to the simple story of a woman ' s love and trust, II Count von Resanoff , the Russian, envoy of the mighty Czar, Stood beside the deep embrasures, where the brazen cannon are. He with grave provincial magnates long had held serene debate On the Treaty of Alliance and the high affairs of state ; He from grave provincial magnates oft had turned to talk apart With the Commandante ' s daughter on the questions of the heart. Until points of gravest import yielded slowly one by one, And by Love was consummated what Diplomacy begun; Till beside the deep embrasures, where the brazen cannon are. He received the two-fold contract for approval of the Czar; Till beside the brazen cannon the betrothed bade adieu. And from sallyport and gateway north the Russian eagles flew. Ill Long beside the deep embrasures, Avhere the brazen cannon are, Did they wait the promised bridegroom and the answer of the Czar ; Day by day on wall and bastion beat the hollow, empty breeze, — Day by day the sunlight glittered on the vacant, smiling seas ; Week by week the near hills whitened in their dusty leather cloaks, — Week by week the far hills darkened from the fringing plain of oaks ; Till the rains came, and far breaking, on the fierce southwester tost. Dashed the whole long coast with color, and then vanished and were lost. So each year the seasons shifted, — wet and Avarm and drear and dry ; Half a year of clouds and flowers, half a year of dust and sky. If the alleged facsimile of the chamberlain ' s signature, when written in Roman alphabetical character, is as set forth in part 2 of the Russian publication, " Istoritcheskoe Obosrenie Obrasovania Rossiisko-Amerikanskoi Kompanli " , by P. Tikhmenef, published, part 1 in 1861, and part 2 in 1863, by Edward Weimar, in St. Petersburg, then the proper spelling is " Rezanov " , the accent on the penult, and the " v " pronounced like " ff " . For metrical purposes Bret Harte has here taken the same kind of liberty with " Resanoff " , and in another poem with Portola, as Byron took with Trafalgar in Chllde Harold. THE REDWOOD 197 Still it brought no ship nor message, — brought no tidings, ill or meet, For the statesmanlike Commander, for the daughter fair and sweet. Yet she heard the varying message, voiceless to all ears beside ; " He will come, " the flowers whispered; " Come no more, " the dry hills sighed. Still she found him with the waters lifted by the morning breeze, — Still she lost him with the folding of the great white-tented seas; Until hollows chased the dimples from her cheeks of olive brown. And at times a swift, shy moisture dragged the long sweet lashes down ; Or the small mouth curved and quivered as for some denied eai-ess. And the fair young brow was knitted in an infantine distress. Then the grim Commander, pacing where the brazen cannon are, Comforted the maid with proverbs, wisdom gathered from afar ; Bits of ancient observation by his fathers garnered, each As a pebble worn and polished in the current of his speech ; ' ' Those who wait the coming rider travel twice as far as he ; ' Tired wench and coming butter never did in time agree ; ' ' ' He that getteth himself honey, though a clown, he shall have flies; ' lu the end God grinds the miller; ' ' In the dark the mole has eyes; ' ' ' He whose father is Alcalde of his trial hath no fear. ' — And sure the Coiuit has reasons that will make his conduct clear. " Then the voice sententious faltered, and the wisdom it would teach Lost itself in fondest trifles of his soft Castilian speech; And on " Concha " , " Conchitita " , and " Conehita " he would dwell " With the fond reiteration that tlie Spaniard kiiows so well. So with proverbs and caresses, half in faith and half in doubt Every day some hope was kindled, flickered, faded, and went out. IV Yearly, down the hill-side sweeping, came the stately cavalcade, Bringing revel to vaquero, joy and comfort to each maid; Bringing days of formal visit, social feast and rustic sport, Of bull-baiting on the plaza, of love-making in the court. Vainly then at Concha ' s lattice, vainly as the idle wind. Rose the thin high Spanish tenor that bespoke the youth too kind ; Vainly, leaning from their saddles, caballeros, bold and fleet. Plucked for her the buried chicken from beneath their mustang ' s feet; 198 THE REDWOOD So in vain the barren hillsides with their gay serapes blazed — Blazed and vanished in the dust-cloud that their flying hoofs had raised. Then the drum called from the rampart, and once more, with patient mien, The Commander and his daughter each took up the dull routine,— Each took up the petty duties of a life apart and lone, Till the slow years wrought a music in its dreary monotone. Forty years on wall and bastion swept the hollow idle breeze. Since the Russian eagle fluttered from the California seas; Forty years on wall and bastion wrought its slow but sure decay, And St. George ' s cross was lifted in the port of Monterey ; And the citadel was lighted, and the hall was gayly drest, All to honor Sir George Simpson, famous traveler and guest. t Far and near the people gathei ' ed to the costly banquet set, And exchanged congratulations with the English baronet ; Till, the formal speeches ended, and amidst the laugh and wine. Some one spoke of Concha ' s lover. — heedless of the warning sign. Quickly then cried Sir George Simpson : ' ' Speak no ill of him, T pray ! He is dead. He died, poor fellow, forty years ago this day, — " Died while speeding home to Russia, falling from a fractious horse. Left a sweetheart, too, they tell me. Married, T suppose, of course ! " Lives she yet? " A deathlike silence fell on banquet, guests, and hall. And a trembling figure rising fixed the awe-struck gaze of all. tThe mention of Monterey is a poetic license. Sir George Simpson actually met her and acquainted her for the first time with the immediate cause of her lover ' s death, while she was living with the De la Guerra family, after the death of her parents, at Santa Barbara. January 24, 1842. " Though Donna Concepcion, " wrote Sir George Simpson, in 1847, " apparently loved to dwell on the story of her blighted affections, yet, strange to say, she knew not, till we mentioned it to her, the immediate cause of the chancellor ' s sudden death. This circumstance might in some measure, be explained by the fact that Langsdorff ' s work was not pub- lished before 1814; but even then, in any other country than California, a lady, who was still young, would surely have seen a book, which, besides detailing the grand incident of her life, presented so gratifying a portrait of her charms. " (An Over- land Journey Round the World, during the years 1841 and 1842, by Sir George Simpson, Governor-in-chief of the Hudson ' s Bay Company ' s Territories, published by Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia, in 1847, page 207). THE REDWOOD 199 Two black eyes in darkened orbits gleamed beneath the nun ' s white hood; Black serge hid the wasted figure bowed and stricken where it stood. " Lives she yet, " Sir George requested. All were hushed as Concha drew Closer yet her nun ' s attire . " Senor, pardon, she died too! " JShe did not actually receive the white habit till she was received into the Dominican Sisterhood, April 11, 1851, by Padre F. Sadoc Vilarrasa, in the convent of Santa Catalina de Sena (Convent of St. Catherine of Siena), at Monterey, where she took the perpetual vow April 13, 1852, and where she remained continu- ously till the convent was transferred to Benicia, August 26, 1854 (Original records, Book of Clothings and Professions, page 1, now at Dominican College, at San Rafael. Cal.) There being no religious order for women in California until the Dominican Sisterhood was founded at Monterey, March 13, 1851, she had at first to content herself with joining the Third Order of St. Francis " in the world " , and it was the dark habit of this secular order which constituted the " nun ' s attire " at the time Sir George Simpson met her in 1842. The Pirate A Tale of the California Seas. A. J. Steiss, Jr. S if a cold flurry of wind had suddenly puffed out the last flame of the sun- set, the day died down in the West and with the long- black shadow of the night there fell a still- ness, as though the sea wei ' e holding its breath. Only the slap of the wavelets and the sad mew of the sea-gulls about the masthead broke the intense and expectant silence that wrapped the " Aurora " , rolling gently in the waves, just outside the harbor of San Francisco. The dim hills to the North of the bay had long since l)een enveloped in fog, as had the Presidio ' s ramparts, vanishing both, as a dream dies with the dawn. Theresa de Orea, standing in the doorway of her cabin, sighed. She was impatient. She had desired to reach San Francisco that evening, but the Captain would not dare the narrows in the fog, and so the ship lay motionless in the clammy grey solitude. In the next cabin, Theresa ' s guardian, the good Senora Ibanez, was reading, the light from her cabin fall- ing in a yellow pool upon the oily depths of the water. The lanterns fore and aft were but a dim blur in the mist. Aside from these the deck was invisi- ble. Making her way to one of the lan- terns, Theresa drew forth from some- where beneath the black folds of her mantilla a tiny portrait a t which she gazed long and earnestly. It was that of a youth, slim, dark, gallantly arro- gant in appearance, and pleasing in countenance, with clear, lucid eyes. His hair was jet black. Something in his features bespoke the dominating force of his nature — a dreamer of lofty dreams. Beneath the painting were in- scribed the words, Rafael Gonzales. Theresa was betrothed to Rafael and here in the land of promise she was at last to become his wife. Many years ago, so many in fact that her recollec- tion of the event was a trifle uncertain the arrangements had been conducted by their parents in Madrid. Then she had received the announcement of the betrothal with indifference. But Avith months of companionship, her heart had opened, as the rose does, petal by petal, to the warm sunshine of Rafael ' s ardent nature. Then the lust of adventure had seized him and he had departed for California, little realizing the sorrow his going caused. 200 THE REDWOOD 201 The weeks lengthened into months, the months into years till Theresa be- came a woman, with all a woman ' s hopes and fears and all a woman ' s love. One day a letter came. Rafael had fared well he told her and was ready now to wed his ' Carissima " . Accord- ingly, though there were many delays, she had set sail, a queer choking in her throat as she watched the shores of her native land fade in the East, but a bright gleam in her eye for the ful- fillment that was at last to come. Even yet it all felt fascinatingly strange and romantic. Slowly she replaced the portrait in the folds of the mantilla. As she did so, her fingers came in contact with an en- velope which her father, an official of the government, had entrusted to her for delivery at San Francisco. Curiosity in regard to its contents had been re- strained only by tremendous effort, for Theresa was but human. Tonight, she knew, would be her final opportunity to peruse its contents. Returning to her cabin, she closed the door and with trembling fingers unloosed the cord which bound the packet. Within was a paper, sealed with the seal of Spain. She read it slowly, then re-read it again and again. Returning it to its place, she went out again to the deck. Fog covered the lone wastes of water like a heavy pall. Black wavelets lap- ped the rolling sides of the " Aurora " , while from an invisible somewhere the dull peals of a warning bell came sol- emnly. Suddenly in the darkness of the ocean she heard a sound as of a vessel parting the ripples. She stood for a moment shuddering in terroi ' . Aft there was a jolt and a dark form leaped over the side in the mist. Another fol- lowed, and another, till softly, one by one, the pirates had gained the deck. Theresa, unperceived, darted to her cabin and bolted the stout door. During the next few breathless min- utes, she stood tense by the portal, list- ening to the sounds of the struggle, for by this time the crew had been aroused. After a time, things once more became quiet and footsteps Avere heard draw- ing near to where she was. She shrank instinctively into a corner. The foot- steps paused and she heard in low tones, almost in a whisper, the words : ' ' Seno- rita de Orea, do not be alarmed. No harm shall come to you. ' ' Soon the straining of the cables, and the tossing, told her that the ship was in motion. « « « When the dawn came, Theresa and her placid guardian were gazing from the small window in the cabin of the Se- nora. The golden lances of the rising sun pierced the dark green embroidery of an island, whither they now realized the ship ' s course was directed. Before long they heard the chains clank about the capstan as the anchor plunged in a beautiful little cove, set like an emerald in the glistening white sand. A knock came at the door and the same voice that had addressed Theresa on the night previous, spoke: " Pardon, 202 THE REDWOOD Senoras, but you are captives for the present and shall be forced to remain here for some weeks. In the meantime the island is yours completely. You need have no fear. " The Senora crossed over and opened the door. Before her stood a tall. bearded Castilian, his dark hair brushed by the wind across the bronze of his brow. His gaze met and held that of the Senora for a moment, but then turn- ed and fastened inself upon the grace- ful figure by the casement. He re- garded her with what seemed extraor- dinary interest. The Senora spoke: " Thank you for your kindness, " and closing the door, continued, " Theresa, we need not worry, for the pirate is a true caballero. He will send to San Francisco for money and in a few weeks we shall be freed. " Theresa was looking out at the sea. Theresa and her guardian spent most of their time wandering about the isl- and. Days faded into nights of infi- nite quietude there in that lovely spot. and as the rosy, tapering fingers of the dawn loosed the violet mantle from the wide shoulders of the sky till days had become weeks, Theresa dreamed of her waiting lover. One grey evening, when the low som- ber sky seemed to be swept by the lofty tops of the pines, and all the sweet choir of warblers was hushed, she emerged from the dark fringe of bushes onto the white slope of the beach. Half hidden by the purple shadows of the wood, she rested for a moment, her eyes searching the cove. On the opposite beach stood the pirate, barely discern- ible through the dusk. He was singing. A pretty song it was — scarcely such as one would expect to hear in a pirate ' s lair. Theresa straightened suddenly, her whole form quivering, for the notes were those of " Maria Consolatrix " , the hymn her own Rafael had been wont to sing when his yovithful dreams had been disturbed. The next morning she did not wander on the island. All the night long she had lain sleepless, weeping and wonder- ing in her heart. It was too strange, too unhappy. The days wore on and still she did not go ashore. Now her soft eyes attempted to fathom the still, dark depths of the water as though seeking there the answer to the riddle ; now her graceful figure could be seen by the window, her gaze upturned to the stars as if in silent prayer. One evening, just as the golden moon was rising behind the black fringe of the pines on the i.sland she was roused from her al)straetion by the sound of a soft voice beside her. Turning, she be- held the pirate. He drew closer to her. " Senorita, pardon me, " he said, " the weeks have passed and I have not had the courage to tell you this tale before. May I trouble you to listen? I think that this story will be of interest to the Senorita. It is a tale of love. " Theresa ' s countenance became rigid. " In Spain, Senorita, there once lived a boy and a girl, who loved each other with a deep and tender love. One day the youth left Spain and set out for a THE REDWOOD 203 far new land in the West. It was a sad parting, Senorita, but deep in their hearts there burned the hope of reun- ion. They had planned tliat when the youth had made his fortune, his ' Caris- sima ' would join him in the distant land whither he was to sail. And, Senorita, the girl did sail from the shores of Spain, for her lover had written that he was ready. He told her that he had made his fortune. But, Senorita, he did not tell her that he had gained it by piracy, when all other means had failel — but it was so. He determined that when he wedded he Avould give up his wild ways forever, and indeed he pur- chased a " Hacienda " for their estate. Soon after he had written for the girl his guilt was discovered, and he was sought for his many crimes. Offering restitution, he petitioned the King of Spain for his pardon, praying for its early arrival. But it did not come, and his love was now on the ocean. For obvious reasons, neither he nor his band could appear in the harbor to meet the ship. He saw but one way out of his difficulty — he determined to seize the ship before she entered the harbor. In a few weeks a companion would bring him and his sweetheart to the " Haci- enda ' ' farther South. But in the mean- time, he realized that it would be neces- sary to hold the ship ' s crew in captiv- ity, lest they spread the alarm among the soldiers of the Presidio. One foggy night he accomplished his purpose, and guided the ship to his lair — an island. Weeks passed. Then on the day that the comrade was to bear them south- ward to the " Hacienda " the youth pondered deeply over it all. Senorita, he saw then how foolish he had been— he saw how unworthy he was of tlie maid whom he had planned to wed. And Senorita, he resolved to free her. " Theresa gasped. " He but asks forgiveness for his pro- sumption, " said the tall pirate, avert- ing his eyes. " Did you believe that I would be un- faithful? " asked Theresa. " No, Theresa. But you must go. You could not marry a pirate. And now, you do not bid farewell to your lover of old Spain but to someone else who has arisen in his stead. " " And who is he? " " It does not matter, Senorita. " " Please — " " He is the pirate, Pablo Ruiz, Seno- rita. " The girl ' s hand, resting on the man ' s shoulder, trembled. " What was the name, Rafael? " " Pablo Ruiz. " " Madre Maria! we are saved. For here is the pardon for Pablo Ruiz, come from the King of Spain! " Fumb- ling in her mantilla, Theresa had pro- duced a long packet — the document she had opened on the " Aurora " the night that Rafael had seized the ship. « • « And when the moon ' s silveiy rays fell full upon the lagoon, no ship rolled in the gold lane of the waters. And on the island, the night wind whispered of Romance, with only the birds to hear. The Palo Alto Big Tree H. C. Peterson. HE Palo Alto Big Tree Avas in 1769 the objective point of that first little band of tourists under Portola, immediately aft- er visiting- the vicinity of San Francisco, as today it is the objective point of thousands of Eastern tourists after their visit to the greatest city on the Pacific Coast. One hundred and fifty years ago — but what a marvellous change. A marvellous change in all but the Big Tree, that tall, silent sentinel at the entrance to the Santa Clara Val- ley, defiant alike to time and the ele- ments, though having a hard struggle against the inroads of man. More questions have been asked con- cerning this tree, and, I must confess, not always satisfactorily answered, than about any landmark in this sec- tion of the state. The first historical entry concerning it was made by Portola, Nov. 6th, 1769 — " We travelled, skirting this arm of the sea or port (S. F. Bay) and halted in a level place thickly overgrown with oak trees and surrounded by many vil- lages, from which there came out to meet us one hundred and twenty na- tives. Here we had much water and pasture. " Portola ' s men were tired, they Avere hungry, and so were their mules. This Avas an ideal place to camp, at the foot of the Big Tree. So they camped. For four days Portola and his men enjoyed their rest, all except Sergeant Ortega and eight men, who were ordered to make a trip around the bay, via what is uoAv Mountain View and Santa Clara, and up the East side as far as they could go. Berkeley Hills Avas the limit reached by Ortega. On their return, they reported the results of their ob- servations, camp Avas broken, and the whole party returned to San Diego. The next party of explorers camping here that has particular interest for us Avas headed by Captain Rivera and Father Palou. Rivera had been with Portola on his first trip and Avas very enthusiastic about the Palo Alto tree and the vicinity. They arrived about noon, Nov. 28th, 1774. Immediately after camp was made, Rivera and Father Palou took a trip around through the trees and along the ♦That this entry relates to the Palo Alto Big Tree is verified in the records of the later exploring expeditions. 204 THE REDWOOD 205 bank of the creek. Father Palou writes in his diary — " At two o ' clock this aft- ernoon six unarmed gentiles visited the camp and stayed till evening. They be- haved themselves very gently, had good faces, and most of them wore beards. I made the sign of the cross upon them all. They paid good attention to the ceremony, which they did not under- stand, nor its purpose. . . . Inasmuch as this place is very near the estuary which runs into the arm of the sea, and that it possesses everything for a mission, it appeared good to the com- mander and to rae to mark it with the standard of the Holy Cross. We con- structed the cross of strong timber and planted it on the bank of the arroya near the ford where we camped. We added our good wishes that on the same spot a church might be erected in honor of my Seraphic Father, St. Fran- cis, whom I named as ray intercessor, in order that His Divine Majesty might grant me to see it in my days, and to see all the numerous pagans that inhabit the surrounding country subject to our Faith. " It appeared to Father Palou that here was everything that could be de- sired for a mission. He lost no time but immediately ordered a cross to be made of oak. This was whitened and erected near the Big Tree. All that was neces- sary now to secure the mission was the approval of Father Serra. " Mission Palo Alto! " Why was Father Palou ' s dream never realized? I have heard different explanations of why the idea was al)andoned. When 1 he report was made to Father Serra he arranged for an expedition to go and in- vestigate the site. Father Palou had been there in late November after the early rains had started the grass and the creek was running full with water, for in those days the creek was com- paratively shallow and the forestation on the mountain sides kept full the many springs that fed the San Franeis- quito creek. When Father Serra ' s expedition ar- rived it was late summer, everything was brown and but little water was in evidence. They made an adverse re- port. I had many talks with Estocquio Valencia befoi-e he died and he told me that his uncle, Francisco Guerrero, for many years Alcalde of Yerba Buena, maintained that the real reason was a strategic one. It was too close to the Dolores site, and would be too close to one that must of necessity be establish- ed near the end of the bay, where the roads would diverge, one to Dolores and the other to the missions that were to be located on the East side of the bay. Hence, Santa Clara was chosen instead as the location for a mission and school. Thus we behold a peculiar chain of cir- cumstances that came to fruition a cen- tury later — Portola camps at Stanford, sends Ortega around the bay until he reaches Berkeley, Father Palou chooses Palo Alto as the mission site. Father Serra decides on Santa Clara. Today, all three places contain the greatest ed- ucational centers of the Pacific Coast. 206 THE REDWOOD In 1775-76, Father Serra desired to start a colony at the Port of St. Fran- cis. Anza and Father Pedro Font head- ed the pai-ty bound for the Golden Gate. Pedro Font went along as chaplain and map-maker, that future expeditions might have the benefit of reliable guid- ance through unknown trails. It was while examining copies of the two maps made by Font, now in the John Carter library at Providence, R. I., that I discovered something that has since been of great interest to all of us, something absolutely unique — a pic- ture of the Palo Alto Big Tree, drawn in its proper location on both the 1776 and 1777 maps, the latter taking in but part of Central California. The trails are clearly shown as is also the ford, practically where the County Road crosses now. Thus the Big Tree has the honor of being the first organic land- mark to be shown upon the first detail maps of California. From that time to this, the tree has been of the keenest in- terest to all of us. " Why did the tree grow there all alone? I always thought they grew only in the canyons of the mountains. Thousands of times, while at the Stan- ford museum, has that question been put me. The answer is furnished by Profes- sor Geo. B. Pierce, of the department of Botany at Stanford. " Centuries ago, the site of Palo Alto was the mouth or delta of the San Francisquito creek. As it entered the lowlands, say at Camp Fremont, it spread out over the land fanwise, depositing the silt from the mountains. Some time during a heavy freshet, a few Redwood seeds were washed down from the hills and took root. The strongest survived and in time became the Big Tree. The strange part of it all is, that it should have ever grown down here in the valley, far from the deep, shady, moist canyons where lies its true habitat. Its growth on the barren bank of the creek is remarkable when we take into consideration the heat of the summer and the cold, frosty days of winter. It needs a great deal of water, a tree the size of this one taking up through its small roots literally hun- dreds of tons of water annually. Part of this water mi;st be taken to the extreme top of the tree. It needs a great deal of nourishment. Without it, it will die. " And this brings us down to a very serious question : What are we go- ing to do to preserve our Big Tree? Berkeley is worrying over her famous oak, Oakland has an old oak tree in the center of the city. It is also dying. We are all working for a solution of the same trouble. Originally we had two trees, virtually twin trees. During a heavy winter storm some forty years ago, the one nearest the creek broke off. Governor Stanford immediately ordered a wooden bulkhead to be built against the creek bank to protect the other tree. Later a concrete bulkhead, about fifteen feet high was put in. Above this, in 1909, the railroad company built another con- crete wall of fifteen feet. Owing to the THE REDWOOD 207 constant removal of gravel through many years, the creek bed is now nearly thirty feet below the trunk of the tree. This simply means that in addition to the battling against the effects of a hot siui and of coal-smoke, the tree must send its roots thirty feet farther down inasmuch as the soil above has become thoroughly drained by the end of sum- mer. The tree stands on an elevation of 70.5 ft. It rises 137.7 ft. above the ground. It is 23.1 ft. in circumference at a height of four feet. Its age? Well, that it is a matter that has not, as yet been definitely determined, though it is probably between 750 and 1000 years old. This old redwood tree, living un- der such unfavorable conditions, fight- ing a grim fight with time, has become so tough and hard that ordinary rules of time measurement as applied to Red- woods cannot apply here. As the years go by we notice a grad- ual thinning out in the foliage of the tree, while the dead limbs are becoming more and more visible. For several months a few of us have been making a careful study of the problem and hope to be able, very shortly, to make a re- port to the City Council which will enable them, with the co-operation of the Southern Pacific, to arrest the pro- cess of decay and once more restore the tree to its former healthy beauty. This will mean the transportation from the mountain canyons of tons of leafy mold and rich soil, the installa- tion of a thorough watering system, the erection of a still higher retaining wall and — protection from souvenir vandals. The Palo Alto Historical Society, in conjunction with the D. A. R. and the Native Sons and Daughters, plans to appropriately mark the spot with a bronze tablet. This movement was well under way when the war broke out, when it was put aside to be resumed about a month ago. The Big Tree means very much to us. Since the day when Father Palou plant- ed the cross at its foot it has been sym- bolic of education. It was the inspira- tion for the cover of the Stanford Palo Alto when Holbrook Blinn brought out the first issue on the day when the University was dedicated. It was the inspiration for the great seal of Stan- ford. In every history of this section it appears. It is pointed out to thous- ands in the passing trains: " When you pass the Big Tree you will be in Santa Clara County. A County landmark, a State landmark, and, educationally, an International landmark, let us put forth every effort to preserve it for generations yet to come. THE REDWOOD H. C. WANDERER UNIVERSITY ELECTRIC CO. House Wiring and Motor Work a Specialty 834 FRANKLIN STREET SANTA CLARA, CAL. j-f It ' s Made of Paper We Have It I The San Jose Paper Co Phone San Jose 200 161-181 W. SANTA CLARA ST. LOUIS CHABRE JEAN MILLET, Props. Phone San Jose 4763 PARISIAN BAKERY FRENCH AND AMERICAN BREAD PIES AND CAKES Pain de Luxe, French Rolls, Parisian, Richelieu, Rolls Fendu, Vienna Rolls, Etc. Automobius deliver to all parts of city 251 W. San Fcmando St., San Jose A. G. COL CO. Wholesale Commission Merchants Telephone San Jose 309 201-221 North Market Street San Jose, Cal. THE REDWOOD College of Notre Dame SAN JOSE, CALIFORNIA Collegiate Course— Four years, leading to Degrees in Art, Science, Letters. High School Course— Accredited to State University and Normal Schools. Grammar Department— Through all the grades. Commercial Department— Through Business Training, including course of Stenotypy. NOTRE DAME COLLEGE OF MUSIC For Bulletin address SISTER SUPERIOR Confers Degrees of Bachelor in Music View of Nurses ' Home O ' Connor ' s Sanatarium— Training School for Nurses Accredited by the State There is such a shortage of nurses that the demand for them cannot be supplied. O ' Con- nor ' s offers! a three years ' course of thorough training in an environment of refinement and seri- ous study Write or call in person. SUPERINTENDENT OF NURSES, Race Street, San Jose. O ' CONNOR ' S SANATARIUM. THE REDWOOD Phones Office: S. C. 19 Home: S. C. 19 DR. G. W. J. FOWLER Physician and Surgeon Office hours: 10 to 11 a.m., 2 to 4 and 7 to 8 p.m. Franck Building Santa Clara, Cal. Phones : Office S. C. 57 W Residence S. C. 145 M DR. H. 0. F. MENTON Dentist Office Hours, 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. Franck Building Santa Clara Dr. J. IRVING BEATTIE Office-i: Main and Benton Streets SANTA CLARA Office hours: 1 to 4 p. m. Sundays and Holidays 10 to 11 a. m. Phone San Clara 27 M. S. FURTADO, Proprietor The Mission Barber Shop Special attention to College Trade ALL WORK GUARANTEED 811 Franklin Street Santa Clara, Cal. FRED C. GERLACH Physician and Surgeon Office Hours: 2 to 4 p.m. LETITIA BUILDING SAN JOSE, CAL. Phone S. J. 2808 Residence Phone S.J. 3304 Dr. J. R. Fowler DENTIST Phone Santa Clara 37-R Hours 9 to 12, 1 to 5 Office: Rooms 6, 7, 8 Bank of Italy Bldg, Santa Clara, Calilornia J. L. TRUAX E. S. DREW Phone S. C. 10-J T. E). GARAGE Auto Sundries . Repairing. Storage 930-32 Franklin Street Santa Clara. Cal. Dr. KNEASS Dentist Hours: 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.. 7 to 8 p.m. Telephone S. J. 783 IVA S. First Street San Jose Oberdeener ' s Pharmacy the kodak store College Boys ' Headquarters for Stationery, Fountain Pens, Soaps and Shaving Necessities Phone 74-J 1038 Franklin Street, Santa Clara, Cal. THE REDWOOD ST. JOHN ' S ACADEMY Boardin g School For Small Boys SISTER DIRECTRESS, 1927 10th Avenue LOS ANGELES, CALIF. THE REDWOOD The New Brogues for Spring are Here Brogues the new styles in Young Men ' s footwear — classy looking — comfortable feeling — are now being shown in the H. K. store in the new, lighter shades of brown. Step in the first time you ' re in San Jose and we ' ll be glad to fit you in these popular Brogues. Shoes, $18.00 Oxford, 16.00 95 s 1st St HOFF KAYSER «» jose " We Study Your Feet " f IMPERIAL DYEING AND CLEANING WORKS Phone S. J. 206 Yours for Service Cor. Market and St. John St. Phone, San Jose G. Wendt Sons Dealers in Fresh and Salt Meats We Make Our Own Sausages Wholesale and Retail Stock Yards, Berryessa Road. Phone 4J10 SAN JOSE, CALIFORNIA VULCANIZING That Pays s. ' ? " ?! RETREADING, SECTION WORK Try Us and Be Convinced MISSION TIRE and VULCANIZING WORKS 1046 Franklin Street Cunha FULL LINE OF High Class Shoes REPAIRING A SPECIALTY 1131 Franklin St., Santa Clara THE REDWOOI; Manuel Mello Dealer in BOOTS and SHOES 904 Franklin Street Santa Clara Good and Dependable Stock At Very Reasonable Prices University Drug Co. Cor, Santa Clara and S. 2nd Sts. Phone S. J. 564 SAN JOSE, CAL. Perfect Satisfaction Guaranteed All Kinds of Cleaning, Dyeing and Pressing 867 Sherman Street Telephone 126 Alderman ' s NEWS AGENCY Stationery, Blank Books, Etc. Cigars and Tobaccos Baseball and Sporting Goods Fountain Pens of All Kinds Globe Barber Shop Franklin St. Santa Clara Next to Postoffice SANTA CLARA Three Barbers P. Laviano, Prop. No Waiting San Jose Ravenna Paste Co. A anufacturers of all kinds of Italian and French Paste 49-55 North San Pedro St. SAN JOSE Telephone San Jose 88,? Gaddi ' s Billiard Parlor Soft Drinks and Candy Santa Clara, Cal. 36- 38Noi-riv Fir f Street 5 AN Jo-SE , Cai . THE REDWOOD COMPLIMENTS Academy of the Sacred Heart 2700 Jackson Street SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. A THE REDWOOD PATRONIZE University Barbers J. D. TRUAX, Proprietor 976 Main Street. Santa Clara Next to Mission Banl F. O. ROLL Real Estate and Insurance Call and See Me if You Wan t AnythincT in My Line 1129 Franklin St. Santa Clara Day or Night Phone S. C. 39 Meilo ' s Auto Service Prompt Service Reasonable Rates Stand: Franklin and Washington Streets SANTA CLARA. CAL. FRANK SORIA LATEST LINE OF Gents ' Furnishings AND JEWELRY EXPERT WATCHMAKING Franklin Street Santa Clara MAGGI ' S Good Eats LUNCH COUNTER Tables for Ladies Santa Clara, CaL Thrift Bros. Billard Parlor CIGAR STORE AND SODA FOUNTAIN Phone S. J. 824 39 N. First Street San Jose When in San Jose, Visit CHARGINS ' Restaurant, Grill and Oyster House Headquarters for College Boys 28-30 Fountain Street Bet. First and Second San Jose Doirs Home Bakery A. DOLL, Prop. Sanitary Methods Our Slogan BREADS, PIES and PASTRY Special Orders Filled on Short Notice Phone Santa Clara 93-R 1022 Franklin St. Santa Clara, Cal. THE REDWOOD Ice Cream Specials Soda Water Clark ' s Chocolates In Fancy Boxes, 50c to $5.00 Eastman ' s Kodak Films Developing and Printing And DRUGS at B. FERNISH Telephone 210 1080 FRANKLIN ST. Frank J. Frey BILLIARD PARLOR EIGHT TABLES Cigars and Tobacco Candy and Soft Drinks 1000 Franklin St. Santa Clara, Cal. PROMPT DELIVERY Means much to the successful housewife. We have made our delivery system an im- portant issue in our business, and are pre- pared to serve our customers without delay. Telephone your orders— S. C, 13-R George Vierra The Best of Everything in Groceries 1009 Franklin Street S. D. Yaro P. Bava L. Dossee Zaro ' s Grill The Most Modern and Neatest Grill in San Jose French and Italian Dinners a Specialty Phone S. J. 1293 65-97 W. Santa Clara St. San Jose John Fatjo Son Grocers Cash and Carry Department Choice Vegetables and Fruit Cor. Main and Franklin Sts. America Fish Market Wholesale and Retail Dealers in FISH, POULTRY and GAME IN SEASON F. LOCICERO, Proprietor Phone S. J. 3570 Res. Phone S. J. 2378Y 36 POST STREET, Bet. 1st and Market Boys, if you want to please her take her to the National Confectionery Parlors for Ice Cream or Candies Quality and Service Exclusive and Luxurious 21 S. First St., San Jose SANTA CLARA BRANCH Garden City Bank Trust Co. Commercial, Savings and Trust We Solicit Your Patronage H. L. Warburton, Mgr. L. G. Fatjo. Asst. Mgr ■:l s THE REDWOOD Dominican College SAN RAFAEL, CALIFORNIA DEGREES CONFERRED High School, Lower School, Art, Household Economics, Secretarial Courses. Accredited School of Music, California State Secondary Certificate granted. Location: The lovely Magnolia Valley, unsurpassed for beauty and heathfulness THE REDWOOD CONTENTS Easter (verse) HUMAN NATURE OVER CALVARY HILL (Verse) THE STERLING-TOWNER BILL SPRING BEREFT (Verse) THE PATRIARCH OF SAN ANTONIO ONE (Verse) " SQUARED " ON A MORNING IN SPRING (Verse; EDITORIALS - - - CHRONICLE ALUMNI EXCHANGES - - - ATHLETICS J. Albert Steiss George D. Pancera Edwin E. Driscoll J. Francis ( ' Shea Martin M. Murphy John M. Burnett Robert E. Shields Martin M. Murphy Donald ). Pierr 123 124 127 128 133 H6 147 150 158 165 ■REDWOOD " STAFF ' iU ati( dU Entered Dec. 18, 1902. at Santa Clara, Cal., as second-class matter, under Act of Congress o( March 3, 1879 VOL. XXI SANTA CLARA, CAL., APRIL, 1922 NO. 3 Easter A. J. STEISS. Jr. HEN Christ was born tne Kills were sad Ana rain ' s grey lace Kung in between; TKe tree tKey felled to make tKe cross — A seedling, innocent and green: Where the wild hills of Galilee Brooded on thirt}? years and three. When Mary heard the Angel ' s word, A hundred swallows sang with her, And all the grass was cool and sweet About the empty sepulchre; There was a bud on every tree That looked upon the leaping sea, Out of the hills of Galilee. Human Nature George D. Pancera LTHOUGH times and con- ditions have changed with astonishing, not to saj appaling, rapidity, human nature forever re- mains the same. Tt is still the same today as in the " golden age, " when a " respectable " man could laAvfully become intoxicated on Sunday after- noon for fifty cents, chastise his wife and offspring in the evening and sell his vote on Monday for a dollar — or a dol- lar and a quarter, if he held out long enough. The Jones of today still laughs as heartily as did the Jones of yesterday when Smith accidentally trips on the raised car-track and gravitates earth- ward with little grace and less dignity. Of course, Jones assists Smith to his feet — after he has finished his laugh and managed to conceal, with no little effort, the last traces of mirthful ex- pression around the corners of his mouth ; and then screwing his face into the proper expression worn on such oc- casion, showers upon the unfortunate and scarlet-faced Smith a sympathetic outburst of verbosity. Now the pur- pose of all this is to simply imply that it is not impossible to envelop the same object in a flood of commiserations and chortles and yet remain not insincere. This situation is one that can only be enacted by humans. An animal, when its fellow falls prey to misadventure, either aids unreservedly or cruelly en- hances the misfortune by tooth and nail. Let us observe human nature as we find it manifesting itself in our every day life — jostling us in public convey- ances, laughing at and ridiculing us in the streets and shoviting to us from newspapers and magazines. Hum an nature continues to remain so inconsistent and difficult of explana- tion as to cause learned psychologists to throw up their hands in capitulation and despairing helplessness. " We observe instances of its incompat- ibility every minute of the day — every- where that men and women mingle. We see " Joe Buzz " , rigged out in his foot- ball togs, taking his turn at sucking the dry sponge, which the small dirty- faced bo.y holds out to him. Now we would not have really given a thought to " Joe Buzz " sucking the sponge, but we happen to remember that Joe sat across from us in the " College Grill " , on the previous evening, and when " old obsequiousness " chanced to gather a ' musca domestica ' — commonly called a fly — into Joe ' s glass of water on his journey from the water container, Joe stormed and raved so vociferously that for a moment we were quite undecided whether to seek refuge beneath our ta- ble or send in a hurried " riot call " . Plato, the pagan philosopher, excog- itated the doctrine of ' opposites seek- ing opposites ' . Even in this day that is more than an idle fancy in its appli- cation to mankind in more or less well- THE REDWOOD 125 designated senses; one supporting in- stance that bears out the truth is both provokingly humorous and specualtive- ]y enigmatic : We are authoritatively informed that an appreciable percent- age of criminals, on assignment to our prisons, request an opportunity to pur- sue the intricacies of the law. Prom law-breaker to " law-stater " is a broad feap, but human nature disregards the seemingly adamantine appearances of the barrier to a successful transforma- tion, and so an existing group of con- victs daily thumb the pages of Black- st one and Kent. The fabulously wealthy, philanthro- pic Frenchman who spent an hour in searching for a misplaced sou, while a million-franc contract tired waiting and finally sought a competitor, illus- trates how far human nature will carry a natural idiosyncrasy. With nearly every occurrence — crime or what not — this thing we call public sentiment, runs high. But what a fleet- ing thing it is — and how soon, too, is the injury to the public forgotten. Why? — because it is human to forget. To endeavor to recite the every char- acteristic of national kind, would mean to run through an almost unlimited ro- gation of varied human activities. Man is at times something of a palaver and a " Mr. Malaprop. " Again, it is not inhuman to be whimsical, eccentric and initiative. This last is one of our most unfortunate penchants. Human beings are neither infallible nor impeccable; they are irrevocably finite. Often we foolishly strive to emulate some one else and in so doing excoriate our indi- viduality. The fact is lost sight of that each individual nature developed to the utmost is a shrine of natural gold. We should strive to just be ourselves hap- pily and without artificiality. A great mistake is made when one resolves to achieve Mr. Otherman ' s success by copying Mr. Otherman ' s methods and personality. We shouldn ' t do it ! Rath- er let each convince himself that he will be a success because of his self. Our foregoing quarrels and exposure of human faults are not calculated to create any specious impressions. Hon- esty requires an admission, that, with all its shortcomings, human nature still has its redeeming features and com- mendatory advantages. Three years ago we were entertain- ing extensive proposals for universal military training. Preparedness was the watchword. Any contrary national movement could only honestly proceed, it was argued, from a purblind under- standing of the trend of worldly af- fairs. Today what might well be termed the correlative, is the program of the hour. Armament limitation came like lightening from a tranquil sky and best of all, has struck in a manner to appease the most confirmed pacifist. The representatives of the nations who gathered in that historical confer- ence did not proceed upon the theory that the perfect being has come into ex- istence. Human nature simply exper- ienced a change of heart when it glanced upon the aftermath of the war. We can rejoice in the knowledge that the human mind is extremely elastic. Many are inclined to condemn the ever-prevalent state of dissatisfaction. It is more of a virtue than a fault. Dis- satisfaction spurs the individual and the nation on to greater achievements, which, in the final reckoning, are just so many additional contributions to civ- ilization. Thus the world lives, learns 126 THE REDWOOD and advances mainly because it is not human nature to remain satisfied. Human nature is blamed for many sins and wrongs that are directly chargeable to the accuser. It is cer- tainly to be doubted that rationality makes man a flaring torch of hateful sentiment. It does not take concrete form in mobs that kill and desecrate sacred property. These outrages only occur when man ' s nature has been ren- dered subservient to the brute order. Revenge is not a product properly human. It is a poison that seeps into the mind, that heats the blood to pas- sionate unrestraint and makes the wild ravenous jungle beasts docile in com- parison. It is the lack of will power of the in- dividual that takes the spirit, the charm and everything that is beautiful from human nature and leaves it weak, paltry, inconsistent and the scapegoat for a thousand wrongs, of which it nev- er presumed to be capable. Over Calvary Hill EDWIN E. DRISCOLL ARY fills the dusk v?itK mourning CKrist alone among tKe Kills; CKrist alone on Calvary Whom she reared in Galilee — Mary teack me all tKine ills : " Me sentire vim doloris. " Mary sings in jubilation, Sings despite Ker seven woes. For, century on century Bless tKe Love of Calvary, Bless tKe fountain wKence it flows — ' Ma mater, fons amorisi " The Sterling-Towner Bill J. Francis O ' Shea. HE Sterling-Towner Bill, though it is of vital and momentous importance to every father and mother in the United States, is, nevertheless, a measure which has not received from the gen- eral public the attention it deserves. Why a bill, so intimately connected with the interests of parents, is treated with such indifference is a matter for which I shall not attempt to give a rea- son. Suffice it to say that a careful study of the measure would develop greater opposition to its provisions and proposals and would prevent the un- happy results that must necessarily fol- low from its passage. The Sterling-Towner Bill provides for the creation of an Executive Depart- ment of Education, under a Secretary of Education, who shall be a member of the President ' s Cabinet, to administer in matters of education throughout the United States. The purpose of the measure is, in the words of the bill, " to authorize the appropriation of money to encourage the States in the promo- tion and support of education, and for other purposes. " In the aggregate the proposed appropriation amounts to over one hundred million dollars annu- ally, and is to be appropriated as fol- lows: seven and a half million dollars each for the removal of illiteracy and the Americanization of immigrants; fifty million dollars for the partial pay- ment of teachers salaries, for better in- struction and for the extension of the school term, for the extension and adaptation of public libraries for edu- cational purposes; twenty million dol- lars for the promotion of physical edu- cation; and fifteen million dollars for the improvement of teachers. These appropriations are to be given to the different States in certain proportions upon their compliance with specified conditions. Whether or not a State has complied with these conditions is to be determined by the Secretary of Educa- tion, and if he determines that it has not he may withhold from that State its appropriation. The Secretary is to in- vestigate in the field of higher educa- tion and make such recommendations as he may think desirable. These, in brief, are the provisions of the Sterling-Towner Bill; but what a menace is contained in these few appa- rently innocent proposals ! The idea embraced in this measure is by no means new. Plao, who lived about four hundred years before Christ, advocated the subordination of education to the interests of the State, and that is the same principle that is enunciated in the Sterling-Towner Bill. In recent years the same bill has been introduced into Congress in various forms, the most no- torious of which was the autocratic Smith-Towner Bill which was essenti- ally the same as the present Sterling- Towner Bill. In fact the two bills were written and sponsored by the same in- THE REDWOOD 129 dividual — the Honorable Horace M. Towner of Iowa, and both are equally objectionable. Whether or not the bill is constitu- tional rests with the decision of the Su- preme Court of the United States, but there are a number of reasons which make its constitutionality, to say the least, exceedingly doubtful. However, prescinding from its constitutionality, the enactment of this measure is not ad- visable. While it may be within the letter of the Constitution it is certainly at a variance with the spirit of the bul- wark of American Independence. It was not through an oversight that our forefathers, in writing that sacred doc- ument which guides our Federal Gov- ernment, omitted any mention of edu- cation. The matter of education was the subject of much heated argument in drawing up our Constitution and it was finally decided that education was a matter which belonged strictly to the individual States. Consequently, no mention was made of it in the Consti- tution and as the Constitution has al- ways been interpreted to be a grant of power it follows that any power not given by it to the Federal Government belongs to the State. The Sterling- Towner Bill in attempting to usurp the power of administering in matters of education is in direct opposition to the spirit of the Constitution as its authors conceived it. The Sterling-Towner Bill is an inno- vation of the German idea in educa- tion. The results that Germany has achieved in certain fields of education has so fascinated the minds of certain American educators and legislators that the German idea has begun to perme- ate educational activities in the United States. The Sterling-Towner Bill is German in its central idea and is Am- ericanized only to such an extent as its authors hope will enable it to stand up under the Constitutional difficulties which oppose it. The German system as it existed in 1914 was not the work of a day, but was begun by Frederick the Great about the time of the American Revo- lution. It naturally expanded until at the beginning of the late war it had as- sumed gigantic proportions. Education was centralized in the Imperial German Government. The year 1914 found Ger- many with all the technical advantages of centralized educational organiza- tion, biit that same centralization made her susceptible to all those effects which called down upon her people the hatred of over half the world. It was her centralized system of education that made it possible for her to whip her people into line and enabled her to continue a terrific war for four years. The Sterling-Towner Bill must expand in order to accomplish adequately its aims and purposes. In fact, it implic- itly provides within itself for its own expansion. Looking into the future it is not difficult to see that the German idea of education will be its logical re- sult, — a result which is not befitting the institutions of a free people. Considering the fact that the people of the United States are laboring un- der a national debt of over twenty-five billion dollars, it becomes easy to de- mand that the prudence and efficiency of the Sterling-Towner Bill be estab- lished. Without questioning the hon- esty and sincere intentions of its auth- ors, it becomes evident on a careful study of the measure that its passage would be improvident and its efficiency doubtful. 130 THE REDWOOD The first two provisions of the bill cover illiteracy and Americanization with seven and a half million dollars each. " With regard to illiteracy no dis- tinction is made between States like South Carolina, with whole generations of resident illiterates, and States like New York, with immigrant illiterates. In the first class of States illiteracy is strictly a problem for the individual State. The Federal Government might consider giving aid to States of the sec ond class with transient illiterates, not through the creation of a new Execu- tive Department, but through some ex- isting Bureau or Department, as for in- stance the Immigration Commission or the Department of Labor. Americani- zation could be handled in the same way. The next provision of the bill is that of fifty million dollars for three pur- poses; first, for the partial payment of teachers salaries; second, for better in- struction and for the extension of the school term; third, for the extension and adaptation of public libraries for education purposes. No proportion in the allotment to each of these benefici- aries is designated. Many teachers in the United States are laboring under the erroneous idea that the Sterling- Towner Bill will increase their salaries and are supporting the bill for this rea- son. A perusal of this section of the bill would lead them to far different conclusions. The Bureau of Education estimates that there are in the neigh- borhood of one million teachers in the primary and secondary schools of the country. Considering that the fifty million dollar appropriation is to be di- vided among three beneficiaries, it is not reasonable to suppose that more than thirty million would be available for increasing teachers salaries. This would give each teacher an increase of a little over three dollars a month. I wonder how many teachers would sup- port the Sterling-Towner Bill if this fact were brought to their attention? This feature of the measure is wrong for two reasons; first, it leads teachers to suppose their salaries will be in- creased by it more than is possible ; sec- ond, it accustoms them to look to Washington and not to their own State Capitol for an alleviation of their case. Thus, they lessen their efforts to get justice at home and for an apparent good sacrifice a substantial gain. The fifty million dollars provided for these three purposes, in unspecified propor- tion, forces teachers into competition with contractors, with those who fur- nish building materials, and with firms which supply books, desks and library equipment. What chance has the indi- vidual teacher with a department of our government, known to be lavish with firms and contractors, parsimoni- ous with the rank and file of its em- ployees? No one, acquainted with the relative ability of teachers and con- tractors in coaxing money from the public treasury, will advance the opin- ion that out of this wild scramble for fifty million dollars the teachers will emerge triumphant. If teachers hope for real assistance let them look to their own States. To say that the Federal Government gives this money in order to encourage education is false and misleading. The Federal Government never, strictly speaking, gives money for any pur- pose. It only returns to a State a part of what it has already taken from that State. Under the provisions of this bill New York pays to the Federal Govern- THE REDWOOD 131 ment twenty-three million dollars and will receive back nine million if it com- plies with the conditions and will lose the entire amount if it refuse to co- operate. New York is taxed whether it complies or not and what can be said of New York can be said of every State in the Union north of the line. Another objection against the Ster- ling-Towner Bill is that it will inject politics into the entire American school system. The Secretary of Education will not be appointed because of his ability, but according to his political affiliations. Whatever may be said to the contrary, it is evident that appoint- ment on such a basis will inevitably bring polities into our schools and this is an evil which should and must be avoided. Because of the prestige which will at- tach to such an official, the Secretary of Education will be able to influence education throughout the country. A recommendation by him could not be disregarded in as much as he determ- ines whether or not a State is entitled to its appropriation. The force of such a recommendation can be seen when we consider what has been the influence of the National Education Association on educational systems throughout the United States. This is a voluntary as- sociation, but because of its prestige its reports and recommendations are fol- lowed in practically every secondary school in the country. If an unauthor- ized and voluntary association of such a character, can so influence and de- termine educational activities, how much greater influence could a legally authorized and politically powerful of- ficial in Washington, with a nation- wide corps of investigators and one hundred million dollars annually at his command, bring to bear upon the heads of different schools, colleges and uni- versities of the country? This and other voluntary associations are doing as much to unify and stand- ardize education in the United States as could possibly be done by the enact- ment of the Sterling-Towner Bill. These agencies making for greater co- ordination and uniformity in education are partly free, as befits a free people, and partly governmental, though not executive in character, and properly represent the indirect interest of the Federal Government in education, with- out being attended by the evils which necessarily accompany Federal Control. And the Sterling-Towner Bill certainly spells Federal Control, for what the Federal Government subsidizes tlie PVd- eral Government controls. The Sterling-Towner Bill is a men- ace to private schools. It reiacii s these schools through the channels of finance and prestige. Far from stimulating private schools, it forces these into competition with public schools and giving financial aid to the latter, it en- tirely neglects the former. The stand- ards by which it must attempt to class- ify, must be largely material, while ed- ucation is and ever shall be, first and always, of the mind and heart of man. If the advocates of this bill wish, as they say, to stimulate private educa- tion, why not do as many European na- tions do, — stimulate it financially. Private schools which are small and relatively poor are in danger of being forced from the field by the populariza- tion of unattainable standards that are merely material. Then again, there are many who believe in and support pri- vate schools. As to these, double tax- ation will be the result of the passage 132 THE REDWOOD of the Sterling-Towner Bill. They will be taxed under its provisions for sup- porting public schools and many of them will not be able to pay these taxes and continue sending their children to private schools. The result will be that attendance in private schools will de- crease, the source of their support will be annihilated, and soon they will cease to exist. No greater calamity could be- fall the nation, than, that these schools from which many of its foremost citi- zens have come, should be driven from the field of education. From these considerations, one can- not logically deny that the proposed Sterling-Towner Bill contains many ob- jectionable features, which oblige the people of the United States to reject it as un-American. Every father and mother who can understand its subtle meaning and who can foresee the evil consequences that will follow in its wake, should take up the fight against the bureaucracy and autocracy which it creates. Let us hope that no one will be deceived by its apparent inno- cence, but that everyone will recognize it for what it is, a wolf in sheep ' s cloth- ing. Spring Bereft MARTIN M. MURPHY S April suckles in tKe wild, I feel long-buried Aprils rise, For tKe sweet wind remembers yet Meanderings in other skies; And on tKe Kills cool grasses blow TKat cut tKe winds long years ago. TKe runnel croons on many stones — An ecKo of an olden song — Old purple woodland sKadows fall, And olden clouds wing swift along, WKile misty dreams, like Hamelin ' s trills, Go piping down tKe rippled Kills. WKere rain Kas fallen grass will grow And Kill-streams spill eternally — One voice tKe Spring will never know, Nor April bear its song to me. The Patriarch of San Antonio John M. Burnett PON a clear, peaceful day in the Spring of 1850 I first rode into the un- tilled valley of San Anto- nio. For it was in this year that ill health had exiled me from the stu- dent ' s cloister ; and I had closed my books and consigned them to the dust, and had wept over my old tutor and left him to the mercy of God. My father packed me off to California, principally to escape the fury of the impending Mexican summer; though T cannot doubt but that pecuniary con- siderations influenced him in quarter- ing me upon my bother ' s brother. He placated his conscience, however, by reflecting that his brother-in-law was most opulent among the landed gentry of California, and that the addition of a single youth — who ate but little — would never pinch his pocket. And so it was that I first became acquainted with the household of mi tio, Don Jose Alvarado y Aldana. As my father had propheeied, my presence was unfelt, and, more, scarce- ly noticed. A ranchero had a horse ready at Monterey, but, though we rode side by side for about twenty miles over the mountains, he maintained a silence which I soon learned to emu- late. And since it was unnecessary to maintain a constant babble of conver- sation, I was able to observe the na- ture of the country and to gain an ac- curate impression of the San Antonio valley. In the mountains, the air is vigorous and cool and uneasy. The scents of red- wood and manzanita tingle the nos- trils ; and the water clambers down the mountain-side noisily and swiftly. But as one approaches the valley of San Antonio the air grows warmer, the scents heavier and milder; and the mountain torrent broadens out into a sluggish stream gliding silverly among the tules, and still enough to reflect the faintest wisp of a white cloud in the sky. The Spring air was full of drowsy insects, who hovered about damp places languidly; and birds, who breast the higher air bravely, always glide across t his valley. The rancho, whose square white casas studded the hillside, might have been deserted for a generation, for there was sign of neither man nor beast among the broad oaks or in the fields. It was the siesta time, my guide said, and at that moment mi tio, Don Jose, might be found, — but not awakened — in the courtyard of the casa. When we cantered up to the door, however, I saw Don Jose standing there. He gazed upon me with ineffa- ble though somewhat expressionless be- nignity as I strode toward him, and ex- tended his small hand, which I kissed. " I welcome you to San Antonio, " he said. " The rancho I give into your hands; you need no introduction, since you have been riding through it all the THE REDWOOD 135 forenoon. The Senora you will know later, for she is occupied now ; the rest of my family also. They are all run- ning too and fro — always — all save my- self. " He caressed his soft white mustache, and ran his fingers through his white hair, which curved to his shoulders. His eyes roamed about as if in quest of fur- ther subject for discourse, then re- turned to my own. " I believe that is all. I will leave now to resume my siesta. " He turned and had walked the length of his shadow, when he added, " For whose interruption, by the way, I par- don you. " He strode gravely away as if eveiy step were successively premeditated, and I saw no more of the patriarch of San Antonio till the day was done. I was left now for the remainder of the afternoon to the seclusion of a low, cool apartment, with which some pro- viding deity — I could not fancy it to be my uncle — had favored me. The sole diversion was offered by a shrine to the Virgin in a comer where I might pray among the flowers. But as I was not of a pious turn of mind I contented myself with my own thoughts. I sat in the window sill against the latticed bars, looking at the deserted valley, and when I recalled myself the declining sun streamed full through the low deep window. Don Jose was before me most ; contrasted with ray own father, who, when last I saw him, had been effusive- ly tearful over my departure, this uncle of mine seemed hardly flesh and blood ; the more I ruminated upon him, the more shadowy and unreal he became ; as I reflect upon it, I wonder that in my thoughts I was so accustomed to center the entire family of San Antonio about Don Jose ; yet so it was. I always conceived the Senora in connection with him; as one who loved him. His brother adored him, on his knees al- most. And his servants could not un- derstand him and were always wide- eyed in his presence. Yet I cannot de- termine whether it was supreme peace or extreme indolence which had ren- dered my uncle thus. San Antonio, where he lived, was supremely peaceful and extremely indolent, at any rate. In the evening I grew to know, as Don Jose had promised, the Senora and the remainder of the household. His brother was included in this remain- der and accepted his nonentitative stat- us with more enthusiasm than grace. The Senora, a stout, hardy woman with a profusion of white hair, wel- comed me in such a way, that I knew it to be an apology for the demeanor of her husband, whom she loved, but did not respect. She alone of the house- hold was an individual, and this be- cause Don Jose had chosen her. Don Santiago, the brother, was ignored be- cause he had been thrust upon him. Don Santiago was a bristling man, with short iron grey hair and a wiry iron grey mustache and beard. His eyes gleamed fiercely when he dis- coursed upon the distinguishments of his brother, which was unbearable often ; and this despite his entire lack of sympathy with Don Jose ' s manner of life, though he laid this as a fault at his own door. Don Santiago was an intemperate man, though when he was drunk, he only discoursed more fluent- ly upon the horsemanship of his broth- er, and his eyes gleamed more. Once he drew me to a window of the patio where he had been glutting his 136 THE REDWOOD eyes with the sight of Don Jose promen- ading in the sunlight. " Behold the patrician figure of my brother! " he whispered, clutching my arm. " He is ten years older than I and he lolls ten times more than I could bear, yet behold his figure ! " His slim- ness and agility were indeed to be mar- veled at, yet I have since learned that they were maintained at the expense of almost complete abstinence. " Come, " he continued, " we will go out and talk with him. And mark well his bearing — how he greets us — the modulation of his voice — for what you learn from him will stand you in good stead. He is a nobleman, querido ; in- deed, though I am his brother, I am, as he reminds me, ill-suited to that dig- nity; who can explain this? " He shrugged his broad shoulders and wrin- kled up his jet eyebrows at this per- turbing mystery. And I was con- strained to leave him, for I could bear no more of it. Like the Senora, however, I soon dis- covered that Don Jose was very lova- ble; only incomprehensible. He was a very daring horseman for one who could not have been but delicate; he was an admirable host, and, as I found, most hospitable. Although he loved the sound of his own voice, it was truly musical, and cast a spell upon all who listened for a space. He discoursed to me by the hour by the fountain in the patio, though when his siesta time came upon us, he always reminded me point edly. The valley of San Antonio was still virgin ; never a furrow upon it nor a sheaf harvested from it. True, at one extremity, there were herds grazing, but as for the rest, perhaps Don Joso had never troubled himself to look up- on it, for his estates were very broad. I touched upon this once in conversa- tion with him. " Well, " said he, " am I not content? Is there anyone who can say that Don Jose Alvarado has omitted to take sies- ta in twenty years ? You say, turn over the soil of your fields and wheat will spring up ; dig down and you will come upon gold. But have I not wealth enough? " He tossed a gold coin into the fountain. " See ! But if I have need of wealth, the fields will not depart; nor can I spend them like money. Let the wealth lie there, and when I feel need, I have only to call upon it. " But before that year was out innum- erable acres of his estate had passed from his hands forever. When the rains came and the dust was gone from the mountains, I return- ed to Mexico. But as the change of cli- mate had benefitted my health, the fol- lowing April found me again in Cali- fornia. Don Santiago was waiting for me at Monterey. His prolonged fits of silence and the interjectory nature of his words omened ill. As we traversed the mountain trail he was more discoursive and less pro- fuse than was his wont. He rarely men- tioned Don Jose, and would fall into long fits of abstraction, which he would break with oaths, prayers and interjec- tions. " God has visited misfortune upon our heads, " he would sigh. Then he would scowl, and mumble to himself, with his eyes shut and brows con- tracted. He would weep, too, at times, crying, " Ah my beloved Jose! my most unfortunate brother ! . . . Mother of God! Mother of God! Mother of God! " THE REDWOOD 137 T understood more when I stood up- on the crest of the ridge and looked over the valley of San Antonio. For the floor of the valley was brown now, where the plow had passed. As the days passed, I came to realize how the household of the Raneho did indeed center about Don Jose. The Se- nora wept always, when she was alone ; even in her sleep, I think; and often when she would be conversing with me she would burst suddenly into a flood of tears, and would seek seclusion. Don Santiago drank less and talked less. And it came hard also upon the Indians of the Raneho, for they were more ac- customed to ride or to sleep in the sun than to follow a plow across burning fields. Don Jose kept the seclusion of his own room always, where he fed upon his own thoughts, and had become an old man since last I saw him. Don San- tiago informed me that he was in a black temper and that he was biting his nails, so that it were best to wait to see him. Indeed, I wish that I had been spared the pain of meeting him as I did. Chin in hand, I had been watching the reflection of the ripples upon the sandy bed of the fountain, when the sunlight fell upon a burnished bit of metal. I bared my arm and brought up the gold coin which Don Jose had cast there. I dried it upon my sleeye and held it up in the sunlight, uncon- scious of his presence. Evidently he had been spying upon me from his win- dow, biit I had heard neither the open- ing of the shutters nor his step. I saw, though, that he was mad; one can al- ways tell by the glaze on the eyes ; he snatched the coin from my fingers, hid it in his bosom, scrutinized me for a moment with quivering brows; then ran to his low window, stepped tlirougli it, and closed the shutters. When I turned, Don Santiago was standing in the doorway upon the oth- er side of the court, wringing his hands : he had been on the point of entering and had witnessed the entire incident. " Come away! Come away! " he pleaded in a low voice; and though I wished to be alone for a time, I obeyed, for I saw that he was weeping. He gripped my arm and led me sil- ently to his room and bade me be seat- ed. He had his emotions fairly in check by this time, and spoke calmly. " I am deeply sorry that this experience has befallen you, mio querido. My brother should not have done so; still, .you . . . the coin . . . well, it was most unfortunate; I am very sorry. " " You need not apologize, Don San- tiago, " I answered. " I — understand. " " Ah! but you do not — you do not. I must lay all before him else you might think him mad. " I knew that he feared to look in my face when he said this, for his eyes were upon the floor. " He is not mad — not — mad ; it is only that he hates — but I must tell you or you cannot believe this; though there is no doubt of it — none whatever ; I am his brother, and very near to him, and T know — he is not mad. " He peered appealingly into my face and I said, " No — not mad. " " It was in this wise, mio querido An American — his name is ill-sounding — laid claim to a portion of my broth- er ' s patrimony — this valley. But Don Jose is a nobleman, as you yourself can attest ; he is not one to embroil himself in meaningless quarrels, and he conced- ed to the American all that he demand- 138 THE REDWOOD ed. This might well have been the end of it, but on a festival . . . " Oh, mio querido, comprehend this that I am about to tell you. It was a word only; the American was among the guests and some word fell from his lips — though, mark, I do not say that he intended it so; I could not say whether it was the American or Don Jose who barbed those words, but Don Jose heard them and was very silent. In the evening when I perceived his dis- pleasure I said to him: ' I hate the Am- erican ' . But he did not answer. Thus I know that he hates this one much worse than I, though he has never spoken his hate. " The words soon slipped from my mind, but my brother kept them in his heart, and turned them over continual- ly and forever ruminated upon them, and the venom is still in his heart. Thus you see him as he is for such a hate in such a one is very powerful, and casts all else from his mind and heart. But my dear brother — no, he is not — not mad. " Don Santiago slipped to his knees at this, and put his hands to his face, and I left him to weep alone. In the afternoon it came on to blow, with the sky cold and clear. The sun grew very red as it settled upon the mountains, but gave no heat; and the red glow went out like a candle flame in a wind. There was a moaning, too, always in my ears, as I walked along upon the fields though if it came from the hills or if the wind made it in the valley, I could not tell. At any rate, I hastened to the ran- cho, for I was feeling marvellouslj ' lonely, and the night boded ill. The moon was up when I stepped upon the veranda of the easa, a full moon, and bluish white. No sooner had my step echoed upon the boards than the Senora flung open the door. The wind dashed out the rush light that she carried, but I could feel her agitation as she drew me by the arm swiftly down the long narrow hall. She rekindled her light in the embers of the kitchen fire, then led me to the threshold of Don Jose ' s room; she hesitated a moment before flinging open the door, and I could hear her heart beating as she held the un- steady flame aloft in the deserted apartment. " Don Jose! " I called, but there was no answer. The Senora looked up into my face with a hysterical smile. It was the mad wind, I knew, that had done this mis- chief. It had called Don Jose, like a kindred spirit, and I thought that there was reason to fear both for his own life and for that of the Americaln, who had settled at the other end of the San An- tonio Valley. Till midnight I rode through the val- ley searching for the madman; only once did I lift up my voice for the sound terrified me worse than the wind and the swaying shadows. But when the wind was right I could hear Don Santiago far away in the tules, crying, " Jose! Jose! In the name of God! " At length, though but half the night was past, I returned to the Rancho, for I was sick at heart and chilled to the marrow. I cast myself upon my bed, exhausted, but between waking and sleeping throngh all that long cold night, I heard, though I do not know whether in dream or in truth, a voice that cried, " Jose! Jose! " At dawn, when the wind had died, Don Santiago bore his brother in upon his shoulders. Somewhere along the THE REDWOOD 139 dry bed of the streams he had found him, where his frenzy had stricken him, unable to move hand or foot. 4» After ten years Don Jose died. I stood by the grave when the padre read the words ; and when he cast a handful of dirt upon the coffin, there was no tear; but this was not because they did not love Don Jose. I did not see his body, though Don Santiago told me that his brother had grown bent and that his face shrivelled, and that this was because of the hate which did not die, but which God had rendered powerless. " He was not mad, mio querido — less mad after than before — but he hated as only a nobleman can. Imagine — it is unimaginable — ten years, a hundred months, a thousand weeks, innumera- ble days, countless, coiintless hour.s — and his strong heart beating upon his powerless breast, arlWays, always. Ten years his heart willed, his arm, his leg, rebelled. Ten years, mio querido, he desired, but never once hoped. If you might have seen him, you could know — how the sweat broke out upon him when he struggled to move, and how his eyes were ! " " The Senora herself said that he was mad — even she. Father Confessor told us that these years were given him that he might repent. But I — I know — I only. " " One time I shall avenge my brother, for I loved him, and I have conceived a deathless hate for the American. If I do this I shall redeem myself in the eyes of my beloved Jose. Perhaps even I shall kill this man — manana! " But that night he became drunk — after ten years. I returned to the new grave to see the last clod heaped upon the mound. And thus the body and soul of Don Jose found rest. One ROBERT E. SHIELDS M E day ago a nundred darkling waters Made pebbled music down a pearl-rock dell, And in tKe glade fell myriad woodlark ballads, Like lilting rillets from a living well. One brook today Has stilled its little flowing . And wKere is all tKe pebble-broken song? TKis morn one little songster lies a-dying. And silence whispers softly all day long. " Squared ' Martin M. Murphy OLDNOSER was the shag- giest, homeliest, friendli- est little terrier that ever loved a boy. Sammy was the most tender, most freckled, most pug-nosed little boy that ever loved a dog. It was through a chance meeting that the two had be- come acquainted. One sunny Saturday afternoon Sam- my was lying in the cool green grass near the south pasture watching his father ' s cows browse in the luscious herbiage. ' Shep ' , the sheep dog lay near him, sprawled out asleep in the sun. Of a sudden the dog jumped up and growled in an angry low tone as though troubled by a bad dream. " When Sammy turned he saw a whining, twist- ing, cringing, little puppy standing near Shep looking up at the larger dog with a frightened look in his piggy lit- tle eyes. " Be quiet, Shep, " Sammj ' called. The shepherd yawned, shook his head as though disgusted that such a puny little animal should disturb his slum- ber and walked archly away. " Come here, puppy, " Sammy called. The pup gazed for a while at the fig- ure of the retreating dog that had given him such a scare, then turned to the lad that had befriended him. What he saw in Sammy ' s eyes must have marked him for a friend, one who could sym- pathize with lonely little dogs. He did not writhe and wriggle as he approach- ed the owner of the voice and the pug- nose and the freckles, ho trotted up to him and poked his nose under Sammy ' s arm. " Poor little doggie, is your nose cold? " For answer the puppy shoved his nose farther into Sammy ' s shirt. " I ' m going to call you Coldnoser, " Sammy confided in his new found friend. " And now I ' m going to bring you home and give you something to eat. " So it was that Coldnoser came into possession of a friend and a name. Sammy ' s father did not look with so much favor on Sammy ' s find. " Haven ' t we enough dogs now, " he exclaimed when Sammy brought the puppy into the kitchen to show to his elders. " There ' s Tige and Pido and Shep — all good dogs, too. Why, this is only a cur, son, better get rid of him. " There was a hint of tears in Sammy ' s eyes when he answered. " He likes me and I like him — please dad, if I promise that he ' ll be good can I keep him? " " Well, you may keep him then, " his father replied with an indulgent smile. " But be sure he keeps out of mis- chief. " Then followed glorious joy-filled days for Sammy and Coldnoser. In the wonderful spring time after school and on holidays the two companions romped together over the foothill farm of Sam- my ' s father; together they explored the 142 THE REDWOOD birds nests in the black oak trees be- hind the Peak, together they chased squirrels that had strayed too far from their dirt piled dugouts. Sometimes on Saturday they would take the cows far back into the hills Avhere the grass was fresh and sweet. In late spring Coldnoser was fast emerging from puppyhood and Sammy was just entering the period that calls for adventure. So one morning when Sammy looked out of his window on a glistening mantle of snow on the far- thest mountain, his eyes brightened and his freckled nose widened in a gTin. On the porch Coldnoser was trying to keep warm by barking and pawing at the door. " Keep that dog quiet, " came from the kitchen. In a moment Sammy was up out of bed and was talking to Coldnoser and pointing up to the white-crowned peaks above them. " Wanta go, old boy? " he whispered. For answer Coldnoser jumped about and whined as though his only regret was that he could not answer. " All right, be ready right after breakfast " , and Sammy ran into the kitchen. When he left the house again his books were under his arm, his face was washed, his hair was combed neatly and he started out on the trail leading to the school house just the same as on other mornings, but when he passed the first turn he dropped his books in an old stump, circled around the hill until he came to the barn. " Come on, Coldnoser, " he called to the waiting dog, " let ' s go. " It was several hours later when they reached the snow. The soft crumbly stuff at first hurt Coldnoser ' s feet and made him bark, but soon his feet were warm again and he ran and leaped and barked joyously while Sammy threw snowballs at him. " Let ' s go up higher, where the snow ' s deeper, " Sammy suggested, so up and up they trudged, forgetful of school, forgetful of cold and fatigue, mindful only of the fun that this new adventure — this walking through the crumbly substance — was bringing them. They were descending a steep hill — tumbling, slipping, rolling, oblivious of everything but the pure joy of the thing, when Sammy spotted a huge snow drift far below them. " Bet I can beat you to that pile down there, " called Sammy, and off they went. Faster and faster they descend- ed the hill. Sammy could not control himself any longer now. The snow drift loomed large before him — his foot slip- ped on a rock — and with a cry he plunged into the drift head foremost. All was silent for a moment. The snow had completely buried the lad with its feathery choking softness. A low moan came from the drift. Some- thing — perhaps instinct — told Coldnos- er that this was no longer play. His master was in trouble. A wild fear seized him. He circled about the drift and howled and barked with all the strength of his little body. He could not hear his master now. The solemn stillness of the snow heap goaded him to a greater frenzy of barking. " What ' s the matter up there? " a voice sang out from a canyon below. A man was looking up toward the dis- turbance. As though in answer Cold- noser hurled himself into the drift and scratched and dug, and howled. " What you got in there anyhow, " THE REDWOOD 143 the stranger called as he approached. Coldnoser dug the harder. " I ' 11 get him for you, ' ' the man said. It was but a moment ' s work to dig away the snow that covered Sammy ' s inert and drenched body. A stream of blood flowing from a cut in Sammy ' s head was crimsoning the snow. " You ' re all right, kid, just dazed a little, hit your head on a rock, " soothed the stranger when he had recovered from his surprise. When Sammy and Coldnoser left the warm stove in the stranger ' s cabin he was rather weak and his head ached. " Coldnoser, " he confided as they trudged slowly homeward, " we can ' t tell dad or anybody about this. But, " he added in an undertone, " maybe some day I can square it with you some other way. " Summer came and with it delicious, bright, long days of vacation. Everyday now Sammy and Coldnoser could play together. They fished and hunted and went swimming during the sunny days of July and August until they thought that vacation would never end. But one warm day in September, when the hills and streams were calling him, Sammy went off to school. The days that followed were dreary ones for Coldnoser. All vacation he had seldom been apart from his mast- ter. He was his only friend. The other dogs would not play with him. Sam- my ' s father did not like him, all he could do now was lie in the sun all day and think of the good times he had had. Life for him was becoming hopelessly boresome. It was quite by accident that he dis- covered an amusement that made the hours speed by more swiftly. One aft- ernoon he lay curled up in an old rope near the barn, dozing in the sunshine, when an old hen passing by espied a bug crawling over his back. . She ap- proached cautiously and picked at it. Coldnoser jumped and barked. The lien ran away frightened and Coldnoser seeing in her flight only a desire to play, bounded after her. His sharp de- li ' htcd barks frightened the hen to greater speed and louder cackling. For five minutes he chased her — back and forth — through the yard — through the l)arn and over the hay. When he grew tired he trotted back to his sleeping place, deliciously satis- fied that he had discovered a way to while away his idle hours. The next day he tried the same thing. He was chasing a startled rooster near the house when Sammy ' s father came out of the kitchen door. " Quit it, you little cur, " he yelled angrily and threw a stone at Coldnoser. He was more cautious after that to stay in the barnyard when he played this exciting new game, but he could not quit. It was the only fun he had now, so every day he struck terror into the feathered creatures behind the barn in his endeavor to enjoy himself. A week later when Dave, the hired man, was feeding the horses, he found two dead chickens lying near the fence. " Guess that pup killed ' em, " he told Sammy ' s father, " T scon him chasin ' after ' em every day. " It was hard for Sammy ' s mother to break the news that evening. " Sammy, " she said kindly, " I have something hard to tell you. " Sammy ' s eyes opened wide. " Coldnoser killed some chickens. " Sammy did not speak — but the look in his eye betrayed his fear. 144 THE REDWOOD " You know you promised he ' d keep out of mischief. " " Yes. " Father ' s taking him away tomor- row. " That was all — but Sammy knew the verdict was final. Sammy ' s eyes were very red next morning when he and his father started toward school in the old buekboard. Be- hind the seat Coldnoser whimpered softly as though he sensed something wrong. Sammy reached behind the seat and patted him tenderly. " I knew he was n o good when I first saw him, son, " his father was say- ing. That ' s why I don ' t want him around. " But Sammy did not hear. He was thinking of those joyous spring days together, of the day in the snow, of the glorious summer time when he had roamed over the hillsides with Cold- noser barking and running at his side. But his father did not understand. Al- most mechanically he jumped from the wagon at the school house. " Don ' t mind about the dog, Sam- my, " his father said not unkindly. " I ' ll lose him down in the Pinole Creek bottom. He ' ll never be able to walk twenty miles back home. Then I ' ll bring you a real pup. " Sammy watched the rig disappear far down the road. Again the tears welled big in his eyes. A wistful look spread over his face. " And I told him I ' d square it some day, " he sobbed, " I told him I ' d square it. " • • Sammy ' s father did not get home till late that night. He unhitched his horse and put it away. From the barn the house appeared strangely dark. He walked quickly into the kitchen. No one was there. From the bedroom came muffled sobs. " Sammy, " he called. He opened the bedroom door. " Did you hear? " his wife sobbed. " What? " " The school house burned this morn- ing. " " The children? " Three couldn ' t be identified. " Where ' s Sammy? " " He didn ' t come home. " The father ' s heart sank. A solemn silence pervaded the room. It was sev- eral minutes before he spoke. " The last thing I did was to make him cry, " he mumbled. " How do you like to think of him, dad? " mother inquired tenderly, and she touched his hand. " Like he was in the spring — carefr ee and happy, — he had his dog then, too. If— If— " Another silence fell upon them. " He didn ' t even say good bye to me this morning, " father reflected aloud. " Perhaps we didn ' t understand, dad. " " And the last I saw of him, " the father mumbled brokenly, " he was standing there watching me carry away his dog. " " You meant it for the best, dear. " " And the last thing I did to him, " he repeated huskily, " was to make him cry. ' ' Sammy ' s parents spent a very sleep- less night. The father, as usual, got up at six o ' clock to light the fire. Over in the East the sun arose in magnifi- cent splendor, lighting up the hillsides in a golden radiance. The cheerfulness of the prospect seemed to mock the THE REDWOOD 145 broken-hearted father as he dejectedly performed his household tasks. " And the last thing I did to him was to make him cry, " ho repeated over and over. Suddenly he straif fhtened. Out in the yard a chicken was squawking and rau- cously cackling. He rushed to the door. There, out in the barnyard as natural as ever, was Coldnoser pursuing with ecstatic barks a patriarch of the flock. " Come here, pup, " he called in a voice which was both tender and sur- prised. But Coldnoser was afraid. He re- membered that other time when this same man hurled a rock at him when he had done the same thing. With tail between his legs he ran into the barn Dad followed him. The dog seemed dearer to him now after that night of torture ; he wished in some way to make amends to the little companion of his son. He opened the barn door wide, — for a minute he stood staring and speechless as one petrified. On the hay, lying on his back utter- ly exhausted, grimy faced, hair dishev- elled, lay Sammy. ' ' Sammy ! ' ' At the sound of the voice the lad started. ' ' Oh, daddy ! " he cried, in a terrified voice, " don ' t take him away, please don ' t. " " How did you get here? " " I — I couldn ' t let Coldnoser get lost, daddy, — so 1 followed him after you left me. " " You weren ' t in school then? " " Xo, no, it took me nearly all day to find Coldnoser. I didn ' t get back till just a little while ago, I think. " " Thank God, " his father murmured fervently. " Then I — can keep him daddy? We can keep him tied up when I ' m not home, and ... " But his mother, attracted by the noise, had rushed out and laughing and crying hysterically, was already smoth- ering him with kisses. " Why, God bless you, boy, you can keep him if he runs every chicken we ever owned off the ranch, " the father laughed through his tears. It was not long before Sammy found himself between the smooth white sheets, — and wonder of wonders — Cold- noser was curled up comfortably at the foot of the bed. Before his tired little eyes finally closed, his mother heard him mutter, " Well, old boy, I guess we ' re square now, ain ' t we? " Coldnoser wagged his head and wig- gled. In a few minutes loud snores brought an understanding smile to the happy faces of Sammy ' s mother and father. W0 On A Morning In Spring DONALD J. PIERR HOU lovely as an Angel fai r, Clad in tKy nxisty veil, All Keaven breatKes in tKee ! Silent, holy as in prayer, Before TKy King adoring, Until tne regal courtier of dawn DotK rent thy wafting mantle And reveal thy sparkling splendor. Morn of morns ! Sublime beyond the realms of thought; Arise ! Pour forth thy song ! Sweet spirits flit on wings Of mystic merriment. To dance before thy majesty ; The skylark trills his ecstasy A-winging o ' er thy silvered crest. And new-born blooms make thick The air with fragrance. PUBLISHED BY THE STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF SANTA CLARA EDITORIAL STAFF EDITOR-IN-CHIEF CHRONICLE . . - LAW ENGINEERING ALUMNI ... ALUMNI CORRESPONDENTS EXCHANGES ATHLETICS ... BUSINESS MANAGER CIRCULATION BUSINESS STAFF MARTIN M. MURPHY, ' 22 GEORGE L. HANEBERG, ' 23 JOHN A. LOGAN, ' 22 GUNLEK O. ABRAHAMSEN, ' 24 r J. THOMAS CROWE, ' 22 I EDWIN E. DRISCOLL, ' 24 Dr. A. T. LEONARD, JR. ' 10 MARTIN V. MERLE, ' 06 GEORGE D. PANCERA, ' 22 J. WILLIS MOLLEN. ' 23 J. PAUL REDDY, ' 22 fTHOS. J. BANNAN, ' 23 FRANCIS E. SMITH, ' 24 I JOHN M. BURNETT, ' 25 FRANK A. RETHERS, ' 22 ROBERT E. SHIELDS, ' 24 Address all communications to THE REDWOOD, University of Santa Clara, Santa Clara, California. Terms of subscription, SI .00 a year; single copies 25 cents EDITORIAL This is the season of Spring glorious sunshine, of singing birds, of sopori- fic lilting breezes, of stories of the big fish tliat got away. Who is there in these ecstatic days that does not thrill at the crack of the baseball b at or who does not boil when the umpire calls a close one against the home team. For this is spring wonderful, soul-inspiring, intoxicating spring. A short month ago some fairy god- dess danced across the valley, trailing her mantle of green over the hills and through the valleys, sprinkling buds and blossoms and bidding all creatures to laugh and sing and be happy. Immediately young men ' s fancies lightly turned to thoughts of love and young poets commenced dedicating their metred efforts to this fickle god- dess. An unmistakable spirit of deli- cious ennui, that alluring, enticing spir- it of ' dolce far niente ' , slowly and in- exorably seemed to envelope the earth in its warm caress. The open road, the hidden trail and the hills and streams comenced to call and something start- ed tugging in the breast of us poor mor- tals which would not let us be still. We of Santa Clara have not been overlooked. Books have become rather commonplace and we are prone to sub- scribe to the philosophy that God 148 THE REDWOOD wouldn ' t give us such wonderful days, if not to enjoy them to the full. Fortu- nate is he who can shake off the lethar- gic spirit and let the grass grow and the birds sing and the buds blossom, while he pounds the books in approved mid-winter style. Mission Centenary In a few more weeks Santa Clara will cele- brate her birthday with a program which will be in every way commensurate with her historical and educational position on the Pacifi " ) Coast. The events scheduled on the program — the barbecue, the rodeo, the religious ceremonies and the Mission Play, give the centenary celebration a unique place in the chronicles of Santa Clara. Beyond a doubt this reincarnation of the days " before the gringo came " will attract a tremendous throng to the Santa Clara valley and more particularly here to the Univer- sity. Kow, the success of Mission Week lies to a great extent in the hands of the students. The Mission Play — present- ed by an all-student cast, will be one of the biggest features of the celebra- tion. But this is only one attraction the students are being depended on to carry out successfully — all the details, such as running the various conces- sions, selling tickets, regulating traffic and the thousand and one things con- sequent on such a stupendous under- taking will also be entrusted to them. It is with the execution of details such as these that the visitors will be impressed. Every man on the campus should consider himself a host during Mission Week and make the guests of Santa Clara, his guests. The present college generation is fortunate indeed to be able to assist at this history-mak- ing event. Let each do his utmost to uphold the traditional Santa Clara spir- it of hospitality and service — that the old boys who will be here then, may know that the old spirit still lives and that the stranger will take away with him the impression of Santa Clara that we want him to have. The New ' Gym ' It is a somewhat worn- out expression — that, about a sound mind in a sound body — but it is not a bit more worn out than the disreputable build- ing we flatter by calling the ' gym ' . Do you fellows want to send out athletic teams representing Santa Clara in the minor sports and see them humiliated time after time just because they have no place to train? Of course you don ' t. Would you like to have a place to go after class hours or on holidays, where you could spend a profitable hour or two developing a sound body to carry that sound mind around in? Of course you would. A college without a gym is like corned beef without the cabbage — it simply isn ' t being done. In Santa Clara a ' gym ' is a very lamentable and cry- ing necessity. The task of raising a portion of the funds has been assigned to the Student Body. This is our oppor- tunity to help in the upbuilding of a greater University. Of course, many now at college, especially among the upper classmen, will never have the use of it, but for them the remembrance of those long wasted hours of idling without opportunity of exercise, should be motive enough for them to give oth- THE REDWOOD 149 ers the benefits of that whicli they lacked. Foi- the lower classmen merely self- ish motives should stimulate their ef- forts. Then, too, it will be a wonderful thing in later years for all of us to be able to claim a share in the great work of reconstruction which will soon com- mence. W. J. Bryan A furore was recently and aroused in our scientific " Evolution " circles by the report of a bill brought up before the Kentucky legislature forbidding the teaching of " evolution " in public schools. Promi- nent writers, College professors and Scientists saw fit to attack Mr. W. J. Bryan — one of the chief proponents of the measure — for his attitude regarding this question. Mr. Bryan condemns " evolution " as a worthless guess, which, when fol- lowed to its logical conclusion, leads to Agnosticism and ultimately to Atheism. Materialistic evolution certainly does have this tendency. In the last analy- sis, " evolution " is nothing more than a farther development of Pantheism which regards the world in its totality as God. Such a theory is directly contrary to the Bible and is totally unsupported by facts. Yet it is taught in some form or other in most Colleges in the coun- try. As Mr. Bryan says: " We do not ask for the exclusion of any scientific truth, but we do protest against an atheist teacher being allowed to blow his guesses in the face of the student. The Christians who want to teach reli gion in their schools furnish the money for denominational institutions. If atheists want to teach Atheism why do they not build their own schools and employ their own teachers 1 ' ' The subject matter of education in our schools should be established truth. A clever teacher can easily so bridge the gap between an ingeniously devel- oped theory and an established truth that the ordinary student will be una- ble to distinguish the one from the oth- er. Consequently, our future genera- tions are apt to believe implicitly — and what is worse, act according to their belief — that " evolution " is established beyond possibility of doubt. Many of the once basic tenets of the theory have now been discredited in the eyes of even the most radical evo- lutionist. Darwin himself could hardly recognize the present day brand of evo- lution his disciples are infusing into the minds of our modern youth. " Evolu- tion " itself has evolved. For this unstable, unproved, atheis- tic, immoral theory Mr. Bryan would substitute the unimpeachable fact of a Divine Intelligence, Who made all things in the beginning and Who eon- curs in their every action. That is the offense for which Mr. Bryan is being indicted by our leading professors and journalists, that is the crime for which our pseudo-scientists point the accusing finger at him. But Mr. Bryan continues imperturbed by their attacks. Verily, truth is mighty. Tt Qllfronirb Qlnll gp ' Santa Clara " In response to a genuine and urgent need to rec- ord the various activi- ties of the University, " Santa Clara " made its debut on the campus on Feb- ruary 17th. It will so continue to make its appearance as a bi-weekly publica- tion. The realization of this periodical is indicative of the fact that Santa Clara is growing, and she needs more than this magazine to chronicle the manifold doings of the institution. It is not the purpose of " Santa Clara " to outdo this department or any other de- partment, but it is the object of the paper to bring a closer bond of friend- ship among the fellows, and also to ac- quaint the Alumni and outsiders of the happenings about the campus. Much of the news, and in fact all, which has been within the scope of this department, has been set forth in " Santa Clara " , but for those who have not been fortunate to get this paper, we shall try to chronicle in brief the out- standing features of the past few months. George D. Pancera, ' 22, of San Jose, guides its destiny and well-being, and assisting him are Charles R. Boden, ' 23, and Paul D. Bean, ' 24, as Managing Editor and News Editor, respectively. Those who are making rapid strides in the journalistic world and forming the reportorial staff are John A. Logan, Edwin E. Driscoll, G. 0. Abrahamsen, Donald Pierr, John P. Dempsey and George L. Haneberg. Tullio A. Argenti, ' 23, of San Fran- cisco, not only is satisfied with tick- ling off the sporting columns, but also looks after the business end. Ernest D. Bedolla has been victimized with the position of Circulation Manager. Wil- lis J. Mollen, Jos. T. Geoffroy, John M. Burnett, Robt. E. Page, Robert E. Shields and William R. Costello, are gentlemen who have been assigned the arduous duties of convincing haber- dashers, confectioners, et al, that adver- tisements in the " Santa Clara " will bring them returns tenfold. --. . T,i That " The Mission Play Mission Play g „ - ing to have an unprece- dented presentation, even eclipsing its initial rendition of 1913, is the hearty assurance of Mr. Martin V. Merle, A. M., ' 06, the author and director of the play. This is his prophetic vision owing to the reason that the cast selected is shoAving so much interest and enthusi- asm. It was with keen interest and anxiety that we awaited the results of the try- out for places in the cast, and when Christmas vacation had given way to the second semester, we returned fiend- ishly anxious to find out the " returns " . No surprise was expressed at the se- lection of Michael C. Dunne, ' 24, in the leading role of " Padre Jose Maria Del Real " , Superior of the Mission Santa Clara. He has had extensive experience along this line, and his rendition of " Tell-Tale Heart " in the Dramatic Art Contest last year in a manner easy and graceful, stamps him as fitting for this character. " Don Luis Castanares " will be han- dled by Arthur Saxe, ' 24. In portray- ing this easy going and happy-go-lucky personage, no more suitable a character could have been selected than Saxe. Henry M. Robidoux, ' 24, is " Don Fer- THE REDWOOD 151 luuido Castanares " , father of " Don Luis ' ' . J. Thomas Crowe, ' 22, our Student Body " Prexy " , has forged liis way to the limelight as a real thespian by as- suming the heroic and clear-cut figure of " Captain Harry Mallison " . As a subordinate officer to Tom is Mike Smith, ' 24, who performs as " Sergeant Rriggs " . Henry Miller, ' 24, typifies the char- acter of " Jack Mosely " , a rascal and a villain. We have known Henry as a charming and prepossessing youth, but suffice it to say that once he has taken on the mask of rascality, it is hard to believe that nature has not so endowed him with these traits. John Lewis, ' 23, as " Andrews " , and " Prankie " Reth- ers, ' 22, as " Risdon " , are his co-part- ners in crime. Alfred Ferrario, ' 22. in the boisterous and rotund figure of " Don Antonio Al- varado " executes his part to perfec- tion. He feels the importance of his position as Secretary to the Command- ante, and while on the expedition to capture " Don Luis " , he foolishly lets his prey escape. To Charles Boden, ' 23, is given the difficult character of " Soquel " , the renegade Indian. Tt was a foregone eonchision, even before the cast was an- nounced, that Charlie would personify this figure. William Costello, ' 25, as " Padre Felipe " is not to be outdone by his roommate, Charlie. Ask Caesar Manelli, ' 22, of his " heavy part " in the play as " Joaquin Martinez " . Caesar wants to convince any athlete that athletic inclinations are no bar to " footlight " prominence. " Caes " should know for he is a four- star man in baseball, basketball and football, and if the gentleman from San Francisco stays here longer he may be donning a four-star sweater as a thespian. George Haneberg, ' 23, acts as " Sonora " , a vacquero. James B. Comer, 24, undertakes to play the part of " Pablo " , an Indian servant. John M. Burnett, ' 25, and Henry R. Martin, ' 25, are " caballeros " who try to make love with the Spanish " senoritas " . The ensemble has been selected. It may be difficult to memorize a few lines, but it is equally arduous and tiresome for characters to say nothing and look wise. Every part has its own l)earing on the play, and be it liglit or important, every particvdar role has its harmonizing influence towards the at- tainment of the whole. So let it be said, every actor is an important cog in the wheel. Ernest Becker is slated to head the stage crew. The rest of the crew is, Henry E. Baker, assistant stage mana- ger ; Robert Grady, electrician ; Harry Hill and Frank King, assistant electri- cians ; Robert Gardner, property man ; James Sheehan and Charles Harring- ton, assistant property men ; Otis Forge, flyman ; William Ronstadt and Robert McCrea. assistant flymen ; E. E. Linares and Rudolfo Herbruger, gripmen. February 2nd " came Last Vows and went ' ' , but this day had its own particular importance for those who toil for the greater honor and glory of God. On tliis day Rev. J. R. Crowley, Vice Presi- dent and Prefect of Discipline of the University; Rev. E. J. Ryan. Professor of English, College of Letters ; Rev. Ed- mund Budde, Professor of Latin; and Bro. Angelo Moneta, took their last vows in the Society of Jesus in St. Claire ' s Church. In appreciation of what Father Crow- ley has done in student activities, President Crowe of the Student Body presented him with a handsome silver watch on behalf of the Associated Stu- dents. Freshman Dance In answer to an appeal launched by Father President for the gym- nasium fund, the Freshman Class of the College of Letters proceeded towards the goal of accomplishment by staging one of the most successful dances of tlie year at the San Jose Country Club. Saturday evening, February lltli. As a dance and an entertainment for the younger folks it was a huge success, 152 THE REDWOOD and financially speaking, it too was an advance towards a gym building. Much credit must be accorded to the several committees for the excellent way in which the affair was conducted. Those who aided considerably were Henry Martin, John Burnett, Ignatius Carney. Joseph Rank, Henry McCor- mick, William Costello, and William Worth. University of California, acted as Chair- man. Student On Tuesday evening, T, J _, February 28th, the As- Body Dance Students held their first dance at St. Leo ' s Hall for the benefit of the new gymnasium drive. This, too, proved a marked suc- cess and those who wended their way to this social activity came forth well satisfied with the evening ' s affair. The atmosphere of the whole event was distinctly Spanish after the type of the old Santa Clara Mission. " Be- dolla ' s College Dispensers of Syncopa- tion " were present and gave vent to their musical offerings with profusion and abundance. Senate- On February 25th, the California Philalethic Senate, the Debate upper branch of the Lit- erary Congress of our institution, de- bated the Senate Debating Society of California in the scheduled debate of the League of College Debating Socie- ties. The much mooted subject — the ratification of the Four Power Pact was discussed ; the Senate of California upholding the Affirmative received a two to one decision over the Philalethic Senate of Santa Clara. The Philalethic team was represent- ed by Mr. Louis J. Trabuceo, ' 22, Mr. Edward M. Fellows, ' 23, and Mr. Charles R. Boden, ' 23. Mr. A. J. Shee- ra, Mr. Lloyd Tweedt, and Mr. John W. Hopkins formed the Affirmative team. The Judges were, Mr. Ezra De- coto, District Attorney of Oakland ; Mr. Frank V. Cornish, former City Attor- ney of Berkeley; and Mr. Jas. R. Sut- ton, Vice Principal of the Oakland High School. Professor M. C. Flaherty of the Public Speaking Department, Rvland Tuesday evening, March jj , . 21st, saw the Ryland ijeoate Debate take place in the University Auditorium before a very large assembly, the subject being: Resolved, that Congress should pass the Sterling-Towner Bill. A verdict was returned in favor of the Senate team, which maintained the Negative side of the issue. Representatives John M. Burnett, Marsino G. Del Mutolo and John P. Dempsey argued for the House of Phil- historians, while the victorious team was composed of Senators John A. Lo- gan, John F. O ' Shea and Thomas Crowe. Senator John F. O ' Shea was adjudged the best speaker of the eve- ning ; Senator Crowe, second ; and Rep- resentative John M. Burnett, third. Those who kindly acted as judges were Dean C. C. Coolidge of the Law Institute of the University, Mr. Frank Bloomingdale, Mr. Archer BoAvden, Mr. Faber L. Johnston and Mr. John J. Jones. Mr. Nicholas Bowden acted as Chairman of the debate. Nothing of importance House has taken place in the House since the com- mencement of the second semester. Mention may be made of the election of officers for this semester. Frank E. Smith was elected to the office of Clerk; J. P. Dempsey, Secretary; Rob- ert E. Shields, Corresponding Secre- tary ; Raymond W. Shellooe, Treasurer ; Delwin A. Burnetti, Librarian ; and Ar- thur Saxe, Sergeant-at-Arms. Senate During the current se- mester, R. E. Morgan, John Francis O ' Shea and John T. Lewis were admitted as members of the Philalethic Senate. Immediately upon our return from the Christmas holidays, a new staff of officers was elected, the following be- ing chosen: Senator Louis Trabuceo, ' 22, of Maricopa, Chairman ; Senator THE REDWOOD 153 Oeorge L. Ilaneberg, ' 28, of noiiolulu. Secretary; Senator John Willis MoUen, ' 23, of San Rafael, Treasurer; and Sen- ator George B. Noll, ' 23, of Irvington, Ser " :eant-at-Arms. „ . On the evening of f®5Tt larch 19th. the recep- bodaJity j j jj j p Sodality of the Immaculate Conception was held. Father Maher gave a talk on the ad- vantages of being a Sodalist and the duties connected v ith it. He stated that the Sodalists were expected to set a good example for the rest of the stu- dents by being more careful with their language and their actions. This would soon bring a different environment up- on the campus, and would spread throughout the Student Body a change for the better. The following made the Act of Consecration: Messrs. Logan, Crowe, Lewis, Bannon, Rethers, Perei- ra, Abrahamsen, R. Duff, Shields, Smith, Baker, Kenny, Rianda, Fosdyke, Lynch, Mullender, Dupen, J. Harring- ton. Shellooe, Brunette, McCormick, Culleton. The officers for this semester are as follows : Prefect, J. Logan ; 1st Assist- ant Prefect, T. Crowe ; 2nd Assistant Prefect, J. Lewis; Treasurer, T. Ban- non; Secretary, R. Shields; Consultors, F. Rethers, S. Pereira, G. Abrahamsen, C. Harrington and R. Duff. J. D. January 7th, the first regular meeting of the second semester of the Junor Dramatic Society, the following members were elected to office : Mr. George Geoghegan, Vice President ; Mr. Leo Nock, Treasurer; Mr. Walter Dean, Secretary ; Mr. James Brescia, Sergeant-at-Arms ; Mr. Jos. Egan. Re- porter. Among the numerous debates that were held this year, all the leading questions of the day were discussed. Some of these were: Resolved, that Pro- hibition is a failure ; that, England, France and the United States should cancel their war debts ; that, it is for the best interests of people of the bay regions to oppose the construction of a bridge across San Francisco Bay; that, the American Plan should be adopted by the industries of America; and such like questions of the day. The first public debate of the semes- ter was held on January 17, in San Francisco, before Golden Gate Post, No. 40 of the American Legion. The ques- tion was. Resolved, that Congress should pass the present Adjusted Com- pensation Bill. The affirmative was upheld by George Geoghegan, George Malley and Ogden Hook, while the neg- ative was upheld by a team from the San Jose High School. The decision oi the judges was again unanimous in fa- vor of the Junior Dramatic Society. The judges of the evening were Judge Cabaniss, Judge Richards, and Dr. Ramsey Moran. The entire debate was arranged by " Montgomery " Murphy, Commander of the San Jose Post, who wished to have the Legion men of the city enjoy the treat which the J. D. S. recently prepared for his Post. The debate held on February 26 was, Resolved, that Prohibition is a failure. It is a debate worth remembering. Tht affirmative was upheld by Leon White and James Brescia, the negative by Norbert Carter and Frank Giambasti- ani. The decision was awarded to the affirmative side and Mr. Brescia re- ceived particular mention, being the best speaker of the evening. The de- date was open to members of other de- bating societies and representatives from the House and Senate were pres- ent. At the close of the debate the J. D. S. was addressed by Rev. J. W. Webb, Pastor of the Christian Church in Santa Clara. Rev. Webb was the honorary guest of the evening and did much to bring about the success of the debate, as he supplied the negative with their statistics. Rev. Webb took for his subject: " The necessity and ad- vantages of public speaking. " March 18th, was " Irish Night in the J. D. S. " A literary program was pre- pared and with the recitation of Robert Emmett ' s speech by George Malley and 154 THE REDWOOD an essay by Walter Dean, portraying the historical fight of Ireland for her independence, all were prepared for the main attraction, which was the debate, the question read. Resolved, that the Dail Eireann was justified in accepting the British peace offer " . Those uphold- ing the affirmative were Jos. Sheehan and Jos. Egan, while those of the neg- ative were George Geoghegan and Mau- rice O ' Brien. The decision of the judges was, that the negative side had won and that Mr. Geoghegan was best speaker of the evening. The affirmative side attempted to justify the actions of the Dail Eireann and show how it, as representative of the entire people, had voiced the opin- ion of the majority. They enumerated the advantages that will come to Ire- land by its acceptance and maintained that this treaty should be accepted at least as a stepping stone to absolute freedom. The negative tried hard to disprove all this and by an enumera- tion of the heroes of Ireland who have shed their blood not for the Free State, but for absolute independence, main- tained that the acceptance of anything else would be a betrayal of the Irish cause. They said, that the Irish char- acter is such that the people could never put their signature to a treaty which they did not intend to keep. They proved that the people of Ire- land did not intend to stop at these tem- porary advantages, but would strug- gle on until they had attained absolute independence. News of the death of Condolence Isaac Whitfield on Sat- urday, March 25, came as a shock to the entire Student Body. It will be remembered that he was very prominent in scholastic activities, and he ahvays gave the best that was in him in any endeavor that he undertook. His loss is grieved by his many friends on the campus. The Faculty and Stu- bent Body take this opportunity of ex- pressing through the Redwood, their sincere and heartfelt sympathies to the bereaved family. Requiescat in pace. Ham The first annual ball of Dance the legal fraternity will take place on April 18. This is the official edict of the legal lights, given at the conclusion of their meeting on March 6. The meeting was called to order by Henry Veit, worthy President of that organization, and he explained the purpose of the meeting, to be to devise ways and means by which the followers of Blackstone would be enabled to indulge their Terp- sichorean bent within the near future. It was unanimously agreed that it was l)ut fitting and proper that the afore- said young gentlemen who can be found six nights a week perusing multifari- ous volumes of legal lore, should be al- lowed to disport themselves for the ed- ification of the multitudes and inci- dentally to satiate their longings for aesthetic pleasures, some time before the end of the year. While this was agreed on, no legal gathering would be a success without something to argue about, so the pre- siding judge set the case of Formal vs. Informal for trial. The relative mer- its of the respective defendants were argued per longum et latum and if the designer who had created the P A, the ' Tux ' , and the ' soup and fish ' had heard all the nice things said about his handiwork, he would have thought twice before he tossed into the inof- fensive world such a thing as a dress suit. The jury was out for several hours and as it was hopelessly dead- locked. Judge Veit discharged it and called a recess; so the final decree will l)e handed down in the case of Formal vs. Informal at the next term of the Supreme Court of the U. of S. C. THE REDWOOD 155 George Paneera, one of Evidence our most promising- young barristers, en- deavored to refute Newton ' s Law of gravitation the other day on an auto- mobile trip to Davis. George, it seems, unmindful of Fisk ' s famous exhorta- tion, thought that his front tire still had a few good miles left in it. When passing through Tracy at a speed well in keeping with his exuberant young nature, he had a blowout. After de- scribing three graceful arcs, his steed came into contact with mother earth. He had lost his first case. In the fu- ture George will test cases that have not been as frequently affirmed as Judge Newton ' s decision. There is a saying that all things come to him who waits. For two years three of the students of the Institute of Law have waited for the occasion, when they might tell their teachers a fev things. The occasion cropped up on they had the audacity to lecture were Tuesday, March 21, when these three young men trod before the footlights during the Ryland Debate and pointed their fingers at their teachers, and bade them sit up and take notice. The three students were J. Francis O ' Shea, Tom Crowe and John Logan, who comprised the Senate team, and the Profs, whom Dean Coolidge, and Profs. Blooming- dale, Johnston, Bowden, Jones and Sex, who were acting as judges. Condolences WHEREAS. Almighty God in His Infi- nite Goodness and wisdom has seen fit to call to Himself the beloved father of our esteemed Professor and friend, Mr. John J. Jones; and WHEREAS, We. the members of the Legal Fraternity of the University of Santa Clara, desire to express our sincere sorrow and to extend our deepest sympathy to our bereaved Professor and his dear relatives in sad affliction : BE IT RESOLVED, That these reso- lutions of condolence be the instru- ment of our communication ; that a copy of them be inscribed on the pages of our College Magazine, The Redwood, and sent to the beloved relatives of the deceased. (Signed) Henry Veit, President, Louis Trabuceo, Vice President. Martin Walsh, Secretary, Porter Kerckhoff, Treasurer, John Logan, Sergeant-at-Arms. WHEREAS, Almighty God in His in- finite Goodness and wisdom has seen fit to call to Himself the beloved father of our esteemed classman and friend, Mr. Martin Walsh ; and WHEREAS, We, the members of the Legal Fraternity of the University of Santa Clara, desire to express our sincere sorrow and to extend our deepest sympathy to our bereaved classman and his dear relatives in their sad affliction ; BE IT RESOLVED, That these resolu- of our communication ; that a copy of of our communication ; that a copy of them he inscribed on the pages of our College Magazine, The Redwood, and sent to the beloved relatives of the deceased. (Signed) Henry Veit, President, Louis Trabuceo, Vice President, Porter Kerckhoff, Treasurer, John Logan, Sergeant-at-Arms. WHERSAS, Almighty God in His in- finite goodness and Avisdom has seen fit to call to Himself the beloved father of our esteemed classman and friend, Mr. George B. Noll; and WHEREAS, We, the members of the First Year Class of the University of Santa Clara, desire to express our deepest sympathy to our bereaved fellow classman and his dear rela- 156 THE REDWOOD fives in their sad affliction; BE IT RESOLVED, That these resolu- tions of condolence be the instrument of our communication ; that a copy of them be inscribed on the pages of our College Magazine, The Redwood, and sent to the beloved relatives of the deceased. (Signed) John T. Lewis, President, George L. Ilaneberg, Secretary, John Willis Mollen, Treasurer. iEttgtn prtttg After a generous ban- Dance quet when all the pleasures of a keen ap- petite have been sated, after the depres- sions from hard labor have been lifted and flung away and once more the mind and body are at ease, what adds a zest, a relish to the repast more than a delicious dessert? Now, not casting any undue reflec- tions on the capacities of our students as regards physical sustenance, the Engineers are inclined toward the same idea, although the ends are purely ma- terial. The common trend of thought is — that to end up a long period replete with scenes and visions of books, slide- rules and drawing sets and various ap- paratus, etc.. ad infinitum, — what could be more fitting than a dance, an even- ing ' s enjoyment amid the harmonious strains of syncopation? (The figure may be rhetorically strained but in the face of the occasion the deficiencies will have to be overlooked). In short, this is the reason for the annual Engineer ' s Ball. This crowning event will take place Saturday evening, April 22, in the Ven- dome Hotel Ballroom, the scene of all previous affairs of this nature. No ef- fort will be spared in the preparations, which leaves much to be expected of the committee in charge, if the stand- ard of last year is to be surpassed. A corps of decorators even better than those who were on hand for the recent Student Body dance will undertake the ornamentations, and novelties will fur- ther augment the evening ' s enjoyment. The dance is looked forward to as one of the bright lights in the social activi- ties of the Society, besides being one of the particular functions of the Univer- sity. The annual banquet is Banquet the final official affair of the Society and v ill take place, as in the past years, at the Montgomery Hotel probably about May 3. This culminated the endeavors of the Engineers for the year of 1921- 22. The graduating class takes leave of the Society upon this occasion and their final words of departure, as well as the wishes of the lower classes, are voiced in the speeches of the class representa- tives. A prominent engineer, yet to be selected, will be the guest of honor and many of the graduate members of the Society are expected to be present. A special feature in the Lectures Society this semester comprised many ex- ceptional program meetings, at which speakers, guests of the Society, deliv- ered lectures on topics of interest to the members. The lectures in every in- stance were a source of information for the students and the consideration of the speakers in giving these talks is to be commended. vStarting the new term. Power Service Mr. A. G. Ramstead. distribution manager for the P. G. E. Co. in San Jose, on January 27, described the methods of installing underground transmission lines of electric power service. Mr. Ramstead is at present converting the overhead system into the modern muni- cipal imderground system in San Jose, the project, illustrating the ways and THE REDWOOD 157 and he thus explained the outline of means of overcoming obstacles. The speaker exhibited the different types of cables used in the work, briefly sum- marizing the evolution of the insulated cable. Moving- Pictures _,..-,. , At the next meeting, Pumps Qf g gg j gpj.gy Pump Co. of San Jose, returned to his Alma Mater to give a talk on irrigation pumps. He dealt w ith the technical operating principles, showing the deter- mination of the different types accord- ing to their efficiency and the practical installation of the pumps. " The Theory of the Concrete Proportioning of Ag- gregate in Concrete " was the topic selected by Mr. Ryder, Santa Clara County Engineer. This lecture, dealing with the elimination of voids in concrete work and road build- ing operations, covered the modern methods of obtaining strong and dur- able results. Mr. Ryder, on the side, cited the outcome of the recent tests on the strength of concrete highways, held in Pittsburg, Calif., where the results showed the concrete to be the best. Ship Propulsion On an entirely new phase of engineering practice, Mr. M. Ryan, engineer of the General Electric Co., San Francisco, honored the Society by an illustrated lecture. Electric ship propulsion, the modern Avay of naviga- tion, proved to be a very interest topic and, through Mr. Ryan ' s efforts, very instructive. The principles underlying the turbo-electric and the Diesel drives that are now rapidly replacing the steam engine types of propulsion, were thoroughly explained and the slides de- picted the plan of installation. This lecture covered a field that is more and more attractive to the engineer from a mechanical and electrical standpoint, as all the modern naval craft and mer- chant marine are employing this means of propulsion. Two reels of pictures taken during the con.struction of the Panama Canal were projected on the screen on March 8. The program com- mittee took charge of the meeting and could not have accomplished better re- sults, even if they had directed the taking of the pictures. Scenes of the mighty Culebra Cut and of the Mira- flores and Gatun Locks, as well as the passage of the first steamer through the canal w ere shown. P ,. Many of the students JKamo j i y. yg j leiegrapny siguificance of the an- tennae jauntily supported on the roof of the present science building, until the lecture of Dr. Leonard Fuller of San Francisco, a prominent Radio Con- sulting Engineer. By his talk on radio telegraphy. Dr. Fuller outlined the evo- lution of the different units and ex- plained their full meaning and opera- tion. Instructive slides augmented his talk. The speaker impressed the mem- bers by his knowledge of the subject and his clear, concise method of deliv- ery. It was by far the best lecture the Society has heard this semester, and we hope there will be more of the same na- ture. During the lecture the speaker exhibited a large vacuum tube audiou Dr. Fuller was for a time connected with De Forrest, having graduated from the University of Cornell. He also holds an honorary degree from Stanford. Handball Tournament By the time the Red- wood is in press the Engineer ' s handball tournament will be launched. The entire Society is taking part in the tourney to show their appreciation for the new courts and to settle finally the cham- pionship of the Society. A good list of practical prizes are on hand. The en- thusiasm of the participants predicts keen contention. It is the object of the Society to hold such to urnament every year, establishing a precedent in ath- letic competition. Mission Centenary The Alumni Association at large is taking a keen interest in the forthcom- ing celebration that is to commemorate the centenary of the old Mission of Santa Clara. The week of May 1st to 7th inclusive, has been set aside for the many features that are to make up the program and not the least important Mdll be a revival of " The Mission Play of Santa Clara " written by Martin V. Merle of the Class of ' 06. The play was first produced in 1913, and with but one exception the entire original cast of principals are planning to attend this year ' s Alumni performance on Sat- urday evening. May 6th. Such old time thespians as Dion R. Holm, ' 12 ; August M. Aguirre, ' 07 ; Roy Emerson, ' 16; Adolph B. Canelo, Jr., ' 15; Frank G. Boone, ' 14 ; George L. Nicholson. ' 16 ; Harry W. McGowan, ' 13 ; Edward Ford, ' 15 ; George Mayerle, Jr., ' 15 ; Errol Quill, Ex. ' 17; Dr. " William Geha, Ex. ' 18; Edward Ferrario, Ex. ' 17; John Sheehy, Ex. ' 15; Myles Fitzger- ald, ' 15; Dr. Rodney A. Yoell, ' 14; and others, will be ' out in front ' to witness their parts portrayed by members of the present Student Body who, inci- dentally, need have no fear of the com- parisons that may be made. Only one of the original cast will be missing, dear old Bob Flood, ' 15. who was called to the Lord a few years ago and whose performance of the role of Captain Mal- lison, U. S. A., helped to make history for Santa Clara ' s own play. San Rafael Club Former students of Santa Clara met at the Hotel Rafael, Sunday, Feb. 12, to organize the North B ay Counties chapter of the Alumni Asso- ciation of Santa Clara University. President Zaeheus Maher, S. J., of the University, spoke at a get-together din- ner at noon and outlined plans to erect an Alumni Memorial Building on the campus. Jordan L. Martinelli respond- ed on behalf of the Alumni. Officers elected for the North County Associa- tion were : — E. B. Martinelli, chairman ; E. J. Connell, vice chairman for Marin County ; I. L. Donovan, vice chairman for Sonoma County ; Edward Hennessy, vice chairman for Napa County ; E. G. Maggetti. Marshall ; F. A. Meyer, Charles G. Martin, Chileno valley, Peta- luma, and Audrey Smith, Sebastopol, Trustees. , , C. M. " Cas " Castniccio, Los Angeles , 2, who is one of Santa " ° Clara ' s most ardent boosters was very much in evidence during the basketball team ' s recent trip through Southern California. " Cas ' ' . who spends an appreciable amount of time holding up the torch of the Santa Clara Alumni Association of L. A., rounded i p a good sized bunch of Alumni to root for the boys in each of their games. " Cas " also keeps The Redwood informed on Alumni matters in his part of the country. In addition to attending to a flourishing law prac- tice he gave us the following items con- cerning the members of the L. A. Club. THE REDWOOD 159 R. F. del Valle, 73, former State Senator, for the past fifteen years a member of the Board of Public Service Commissioners, was recently elected President of the Board. Wm. R. Rowland, ' 61, better known as " Billy " , who was quite prominent in Los Angeles civic affairs during the days of Stephen M. AVhite, and who is now President of the Pu ente Oil ( ' om- pany, is recovering from an attack of pneumonia. Andrew Mullen, ' 09, of Mullen Bluett, men ' s clothiers, recently return- ed from a business trip to the East. " Andy " , since the death of his father, has been in full charge of the concern. Tracey Gaffey, ' 17, is the father of a boy born March 7, 1922. Gaffey is con- nected with the Gaffey Investment Company located at Los Angeles Har- bor. Rudolph " Cooky " Vejai ' , ' 13, after spending the past year in the north has returned to Los Angeles, where he is associated with the Chas. Hudson Grad- ing Excavating Company, and has re- cently taken charge of several subdi- visions for this concern. The Cook-McParland Brokerage Co. has had the happy fortune to contract for the services of George Donahue, ' 19, sometimes known as " Jiggs " . The Cook-McFarland Co. has been receiving congratulations from all sides upon the acquisition of Mr. Donahue whose abil- ity to put things over is the talk of the Chamber of Commerce of Los Angeles. Friends of Dr. Justin Fielding Gib- son will be glad to learn that he was recently married to Miss Lauretta Rob- erts of this city. The couple immediate- ly left for an extended honeymoon t Coronado. Leo Gianella, Ex-Law ' 16, who acted as host at several parties during his college days, has joined the ranks of the petroleum promoters in the Hunt- ington Beach oil fields. It is the earnest wish of his classmates that he will dis- continue giving parties to oil promot- ers. Louie Steiger, ' 14, of San Francisco, has been the guest of Hugh Peter Cun- ningham, Santa Clara ' s genial host of the southwest for the past two weeks. On Easter Sunday of this ' 87 year Rev. Joseph P. Mc- Quaide, Ph. D., will be re- lieved, at his own request, as Rector of the Church of the Sacred Heart, San Francisco. The primary cause of Father Mc- Qiiaid( " s fc(|uest for removal, was a de- sii( to specialize in a new work. Sev- eral propositions were placed before liim, among them was that of filling a position on the official staff of the Catholic University at Washington, D. C, which would have been created for him. The proposition most appealing to Father McQuaide is diocesan or San Francisco director in the new national missionary movement of which Arch- bishop Mundelein of Chicago, is the head. Father McQuaide will go East for a short time to study the methods used in his new line of work, making his home upon his return in the rectory of the Sacred Heart Church. Father McQuaide has a record unique in the fact that so much of his work has been of a civic character. He has participated as few clergymen have in civic affairs and even in those of a mar- tial turn. He was a member of the First American Expeditionary forces that oc- cupied Manila. During the San Fran- cisco fire of 1906 he served as chaplain of the old First Infantry. He was one of the committee of fifty who secured the reorganization of the city, and was also a member of the committee which secured the World ' s Fair for San Fran- cisco. During the world war he served as chaplain of the 62nd Artillery and was awarded the Distinguished Service medal given by the French Government for his services in taking charge of a ' flu ' stricken village. At present Fath- er McQuaide is chaplain of the Coast Artillery, National Guard of California. Father McQuaide has just passed his thirtieth year in the ministry, twenty- two years of which have been given to the care of two San Francisco churches, 160 THE REDWOOD that of The Most Holy Reedemer, which he organized, and his present charge. Jack Campbell of Colusa, and still more famous as a member of the irre- pressible Class of ' 87, was on the cam- pus recently in the interest of the drive campaign, being keenly allied to the movement to erect Alumni Science Hall. Jack is handling affairs in this connec- tion in the Sacramento Valley, where he is listed among the prosperous " Who ' s Who. " ' 97 Dr. Alexander Keenan of San Francisco is giving Dr. A. J. Leonard, Jr., a lot of help these days when they go out after the rest of the Alumni and the half mil- lion dollars that is going to make Santa Clara a real University. Dr. Keenan ' s record while here at Santa Clara is a guarantee of the success that the pair will have. Speaking of " The Mission ' 03 Play of Santa Clara, " Bill Regan is planning to come all the way from Boise, Idaho, for the Alumni performance on May 6th. Bill took over the reins of his father ' s ex- tensive interests at the latter ' s death and is now one of the leading business spirits of the State that gave Senator Borah to the nation. It is worthy of note, on the side, that he is a brother- in-law to Martin V. Merle, author of " The Mission Play " . Old-time winners of the block ' 04 S. C. are lamenting the un- timely passing of " Gene " Sheehy, former ' Varsity football star and coach. " Gene " held a record of six consecutive seasons on the gridiron, and coached during the seasons of ' 98, ' 00, ' 03, and ' 04. It was under his tu- telage in ' 03 that Santa Clara played her first big game against Stanford ' Varsity with a lineup that included, among others, such stars as Billy Ma- gee, John Ivancovieh, " Gus " Aguirre, Bill Regan, little " Pongo " Magee and " Dutch " Schmitz. " Gene " Sheehy enjoyed an enviable reputation for clean sport both as player and coach and none knew the rules of the game so well. ' 05 One of the first of the old boys to answer Alma Mater ' s call for funds to build a Greater Santa Clara was John J. Ivan- covieh, movie star and former campus dramatic player. In forwarding his contribution to President Maher he also sent the following letter, which is self- explanatory : Reverend Father Maher : It is with the greatest joy I pen these few lines telling you of our little dona- tion and yet it is with the deepest hu- mility I write the amount of four hun- dred dollars. It in no way expresses our love, rev- erence and respect for those wonderful years Santa Clara took care of us spir- itually, mentally and physically. I could write a volume on what I would like to do, but that doesn ' t put up a building; however, I can promise this, that if j ' ou need more, we ' ll, all of us, will dig and scrape from some- where for Santa Clara. God bless your plans with success and my deepest respects to all the dear Fathers. Your son, (Signed) JOHN J. IVANCOVICH. ' 07 Dr. E. A. McKenzie and Dr. Anthony Diepenbrock, both of San Francisco, are giving Fr. Maher a great deal of highly appre- ciated support these days in connection with the tlniversity ' s Drive. The lat- ter will be remembered as one of the two men that ever received a " maxima cum laude " with their A. B. He later continued his studies at Georgetown and Harvard Universities. While here he distinguished himself in athletics, by the super-brand of Varsity Rugby he played as hooker. The committee in charge of ' 08 Alumni Day during the Cen- tennial Celebration that is to be held in May was very fortunate in THE REDWOOD 161 obtaining Frank Heffernaii to act as chairman of the day ' s festivities. Franlv j)romises to make the day a biii ' one, and from what we know of his his- tory around Santa Clara, and up in San Francisco, we would be very slow to doubt his word; so don ' t fail to be present when he starts his big party the first week in May. Many of the Alumni will remember him as the stu- dent politician, and how he played football and baseball when he wasn ' t grabbing the votes for some of his can- didates. He managed the Redwood for two years, and it was largely through his efforts that the annual Redwood Medal was established. He is now chairman of the entire Alumni Drive, and from all reports is meeting with his customary success. Among the officers assigned 10 to the 316th Observation Squadron, 91st Division, U. S. Army Reserves, we note two of our Alumni, both former members of the Redwood Staff. Captain Raymond W. Kearney, 10, and Lieutenant Martin Paul Detels, 12. Both saw active ser- vice in the Aviation Corps during the war and their appointment in the Re- serves shows recognition by the Gov- ernment of their merit. Detels, who, by the way, played fullback in ' 09, ' 10, and ' 11, has just accepted a position with one of the leading Admiralty Law firms in New York City. Since his graduation form the law course at Co- lumbia University he had been en- gaged in the adjustment of Marine in- surance losses in San Francisco. The Redwood joins with the Faculty in wishing him success in his new position. Murray Mallen, one of the most act- ive members of the S. F. Alumni Club, has assmned charge of the Credit De- partment of the William R. Davis stores of that city. tlie walls, " Dan " kept himself busy with athletics, playing on the Varsity football and baseball teams, besides im- itating Patrick Henry in most of the de- bates that wei ' e held upon the campus. When he had any sjjare time he copied the minutes of the Student Body meet- ings, and read the books. We ' re all be- hind you " Dan " , keep up the good work. 13 Another prominent San Fran- ciscan who is helping out his Alma Mater, is none other than Dan Tadich. While still within ' 11 We ' ll have to take off our hats to the members of the newly organized Nevada-Ari- zona-California Conference in their choice of a President. Were we to have our choice of all the men eligible for such a position we don ' t know where we could look for a more capable man than the incumbent, Roy Bronson. While here at Santa Clara, Roy was one of the most prominent students of his time ; besides holding down an of- fice of the Associated Student Body, he played on the Varsity football and track teams, and from what we hear, was a credit to both. After that he acted in the capacity of Student Ath- letic Manager, and now he ' s back to help us out again. This time its to frame a constitution for the new N. A. C. Conference, through which we hope to arrange our athletic contests in the future. Incidentally, Roy is the chairman of the Santa Clara Alumni Athletic Board, whom he represented at the recent in- augural meeting of the Three State Con- ference. We surely cannot express in mere words all that we owe him for the interest he is taking in our behalf, but we hope to show our appreciation in the backing we are willing to give him, and in the outcome of some of the games that he is to arrange for us. Like Columbus, George Lyle is get- ting back to his starting point, but in a somewhat different line of endeavor. It was George ' s sketch for the official poster for the original production of " The Mission Play of Santa Clara " that led him into artistic pastures ; and now, after nine years of unqualified 162 THE REDWOOD success, he is hard at it turning out a masterpiece for the production next May. Once the busiest man on the ' 14 campus, Doctor Yoell of San Francisco is now kept busy keeping tab on all the rest of the Alum- ni. No matter where he came from, or where he has gone to, if a man ever graduated from Santa Clara Univer- sity in the years of its existeuc, " Doc " can tell you his biography. Someone ably titled him the informa- tion bureau of all the Alumni. Right at present he is doing more than his share towards making the Aluroni Drive the success that it should be. " While here at Santa Clara, " Doc " was Student Body President, Editor of the Eedwood, and one of the mainstays of the Senate debating teams. When he left Santa Clara, he journeyed back to St. Louis to take up the study of med- icine. As the first Santa Clara student to take up medicine in that University he established a record that those who have followed him from here have found hard to equal. Nor did he con- fine his activities at that University to his studies alone, but soon acquired the position of head of his fraternity. He later became the head interne at the St. John ' s Hospital in St. Louis, finally re- turning to California to take up his profession in San Francisco, where he is fast becoming one of the most wide- ly known physicians of the city. Adolph Canelo and Miss ' 15 Eileen Costello were mar- ried Feb. 14, at high noon by His Grace, Archbishop Edward J. Han- na at St. Mary ' s Cathedral, San Fran- cisco. " Ad " Canelo was a most pop- ular student at Santa Clara during his undergraduate days and will be remem- bered for his clever portrayal of " Jack Mosely " in the 1913 presentation of the " Mission Play " . During the war he rose to the rank of Captain and visited Santa Clara during the R. 0. T. C. days to address the students. He also stu- died law at Columbia University in New York, and at the present time is Trust Attorney for the Bank of Italy. His brother, Harry Canelo, a former student of the University, acted as best man. The bride is also well known in the Santa Clara valley, having graduated with honors from the College of Notre Dame in San Jose. The couple left im- mediately for the Hawaiian Islands, where they spent an extended honey- moon. The San Francisco chapter of the Santa Clara Alumni Association is keeping Errol Quill busy these days in his position as secretary. Those fel- lows up in the Bay City are sure doing their share towards making the Alumni Drive a success. Quill played the part of " Sergeant Briggs " the last time the Mission Play was presented at Santa Clara, and it looks like " Mike " Smith, who is to take the same part this year, is going to have a hard time filling his place. Quill is now in the export busi- ness in San Francisco, together with Stephen White, another Santa Clara Alumnus. While here at the Univer- sity, Quill played Varsity football, and held office in the Associated Student Body, and from the record he made then, we feel very fortunate in having him helping us out now. " Bill " Shipsey happened in on ' 16 the campus recently looking fit and ample. If corpulency is significant of prosperity Bill is cer- tainly putting Blaekstone over the top in San Luis Obispo, for the young at- torney never looked better in his life. Bill blames it on friend wife ' s cooking, an all-too-rare compliment in these days of delicatessens and cafeterias. He brought a cheer from Benny Fitzpat- rick, Ex. ' 16, and Myles Fitzgerald, ' 16, also of San Luis ; both of whom are en- tered in the married men ' s class. Ben- ny is going strong as superintendent of a large creamery corporation, while Myles is kept busy thumbing law books. On the staff list of the Franklin Hos- THE REDWOOD 163 pital, San Francisco, we note the name of a former Santa Claran, that of Fran- cis B. Quinn, M. D. When Martin V. Merle went ' 17 out in quest of singers for his Mission Play, he had the rare good fortune of securing one of the members of the cast that produced the same play in ' 13, to-wit, Roy Emer- son. Roy took the part of " Don Luis Castanares ' ' when the Mission Play was last produced here at Santa Clara. This year he has kindly consented to sing three Spanish serenades at each per- formance of the play ; the quality of each of these selections adds much to the entire production. At an entertainment given in the Au- ditorium on St. Patrick ' s night, Roy favored us with several Irish songs, the appreciation of which was demonstrat- ed by the number of times he was called back by the audience. Roy is now en- gaged in the sporting business over in San Jose, and is not only making a lot of money but a great many new friends. Santa Clara wishes him all success in this new enterprise. Eugene H. Charles has been appoint- ed a member of the Board of Fire Un- derwriters of the Pacific, with head- quarters in the Merchant ' s Exchange Building in San Francisco. 18 Representatives of two pio- neer families of Marin coun- ty. Miss Genevieve Cochrane and Jordan L. Martinelli, former Santa Clara student, were married a few days ago by Rev. Francis McElroy at St. Mary ' s Cathedral in San Francisco in the presence of a small number of close relatives. Following the ceremony the bridal party dined at the Palace Hotel. The bride is the daughter of P. H. Coch- rane, County Assessor and President of the Marin County National Bank. The groom is the son of former State Sena- tor E. B. Martinelli, also a Santa Clara alumnus, and is associated with his father in the practice of law. Martinelli attended the University in ' 16, ' 17, and ' 18, and graduated from St. Ignatius College, San Francisco, in 1919. He served as an Ensign in the Navy during the World War. Both he and his father are j rominent members of the Northern Bay Counties Chapter of the Santa Clara Alumni Association. Embryo composers and lyricists of the campus take heart ! Joe McKiernan who made his start with the official Varsity rooting ditty, " Santa Clara For Mine " , during his scholastic years, is about to blossom forth in New York as the sponsor for the music and lyrics of a new musical comedy for which no less a personage than the well-known come dian, P ank Bacon, star of the peren- nial " Lightnin ' " has furnished the ])ook. And it is whispered among Joe ' s cronies around the Green Room Club in the big town that his latest effort is destined to make the critics sit up and take notice. We are not from Missouri in Joe ' s case ; the boy certainly can de- liver. When we think of all that Ex.- ' 19 money that our boy Jim O ' Connell is going to take out of John McGraw ' s pocket book in the next couple of years, we can ' t un- derstand why we didn ' t have the brains to go out for baseball a couple of years ago. From the way things looks about now, we ' re going to get past the bar examiners at the same time that ' Jimo " will be able to retire. Every once in a while Jim drops in to see the gang, and he and Caesar Mannelli go out on the fence and watch the machines roll by, and tell each other all the jokes they know, and we have to sit up in our room wondering how they get that way. Just the same we ' ll have to hand it to Jim, in spite of the $75,000 and all the notoriety he ' s dragging down now-a- days ; he ' s still the same old " Jimo " that we used to know three years ago, and if he knew how much we liked to have him drop into the yard he might come down here more frequently. They tell us that Jim is playing center field 164 THE REDWOOD again this year, as he did when he played with the Varsity here in ' 19. Wherever he plays we wish him all the luck in the world, and feel sure that he ' ll have it. Thomas " Skeet " Whelan, who has been connected with the Santa Fe Rail- road at Bakersfield, has been trans- ferred to the Stockton branch of that company. " Skeet " was one of the best athletes who ever wore the S. C. block, and a very popular member of the Stu- dent Body. One of Tom ' s accomplish- ments besides three or four block S. C. ' s, was winning the annual pentath- lon on President ' s Day. Now that he is located within a reasonable distance of Santa Clara, we hope to see him on the campus once in a while. ' 20 " Jazz " O ' Connor recently passed the State Bar Exam- inations. As this was Jazz ' s last obstacle to the practicing of law, he is quite happy. While a member of the Student Body, " Jazz " was one of the most prominent members of that or- ganization, and we have no doubt that he will become equally prominent in his new profession. James B. held about every office that there is to be held in Santa Clara, from President of the Freshman Class to Graduate Manager of Athletics. We hate to lose him, but we are glad he cleared the bar " exams " as they are a trial even to men of " Jazz ' s " caliber. Other Santa Clara men who were among the chosen few were Ralph Pur- dy. Varsity pitcher; Jos. Henderson, and " Lem " Bolter. All four are in- tending to begin the practice of law within a short time and we feel confi- dent that more will be heard of them before long. ' 21 Demetrio Diaz, better known as " Dumpy " or " Charlie " , writes a few lines from Tam- pico, Mex. Although " Dumpy " did not divulge much information about himself, we gathered from the letter head that he is practicing law in his own office, and from all appearances making a success at it. " Charlie " was one of the best football and basketball players Santa Clara has ever had, being a " Four Star " man in each sport. ' ' Charlie ' ' spent quite a few years with- in Santa Clara ' s walls starting in at First High, and completing the pre- scribed five year law course. One is often " imperatively " inclined to conclude that prose is much more difficult to handle successfully than verse. While it is to be acknowledged that there are far more story writers than poets, that does not necessarily disprove the affirmation of the above statement. The reasons for this dispro- portion are not far to find. People of literary inclinations naturally turn to that field of endeavor which assures a profitable means of livelihood. No one in this modern day would think of lan- guishing from hunger at the shrine of poesy when the halls of prose lead into the " chambers of gastronomy " . We, who have been privileged to eon- duct this department, have closely watched the verse and prose of our con- temjioraries for several years with a comparative eye. We have found the verse sometimes irradiant and soaring — at worst, always praiseworthy; but as to the short story we have been reti- cent to admit a parallel. Observation has shown that the aver- age tale has a splendid introduction, but too often it drifts, after reaching the half-way mark, into insipidity — it drags ; loses its punch. Possibly this is because most of us expend our best en- ergy at the start and tire towards the end. Charles Dickens became weary with his " Oliver Twist " and completed it only after exefting every ounce of his will power. Charles Haddon Chamber.- had the same difficulty as well as a host of others famous in fiction and poetry. Of course this tendency may not have an universal application; we cannot authoritatively draw any conclusions in this regard. However, if this were real- ly so, to an appreciable extent, one might be justified in writing his climax first. One writer lived to achieve suc- cess by this method. However, this is not even offered as a suggestion, for it is dramatically opposed to the accepted and natural form of the masters of ages old. If we were called upon to promul- gate a law, which we have neither the ability nor the claim of right to do it would provide that the amateur story writer should never use an involved plot. The average Collegian has not seen enough life and experience to han- dle any but simple plots. After all simplicity is the most charming element of naturalness. The story that is true to nature is seldom left unread. The February is long past, „ „ J. but the good things Haverfordian . H he Haver- fordian " (Haverford, Penn.), for that month are wont to remain in our mem- ories. The verse is sure to please the most discriminating reader. The gen- eral caption " Two Poems " includes " The Quintet House " and " Song " . The impression to be conveyed in the first is apparent, but the verse never- theless showns signs of slipping into vagueness. The chief value lies in its constructive beauty and associative suggestion. " Song " is better — much better. The play of imagery is given full sway and enjoyable five verses are the result. " The Critic " is the only other poet- ical contribution. It takes a peep into 166 THE REDWOOD the future and looks backward in a way that amuse. A verse of this kind is always good if for no other reason than that there is contained an indirect touch of pathos. It is a wise mortal who permits his readers to believe that the pathos concealed in his words is purely their discovery. One scarcely knows what the purpose of the story " High Cloudy Symbols " can be unless it intends to point out that love in silks and jewels is more meticulous, dignified and artificial than the somewhat apathetic love of over- alls and aprons. The tale, at best, is half told. We have no complaint with the diction or construction ; both are well done. An essay, " Powles Walks in 1600 " , takes rise from the reading of an his torical account and carries one back with surprising reality to a section of London as it was in the 17th Century. This description is exaggeratedly con- cise, and yet, for all that, complete. " The Dopester " is a progressive story of the modern type. The conclu- sion is not altogether satisfactory; it seems rather unnecessary. When it is just as easy to join the once happy pair as to leave them separated we see no good reason for choosing the second al- ternative. The writer here has closely watched his details and has attended to their assignment, in splendid propor- tion. " A Self-made Hero " is the yarn of oriental imitation and native cunni- ness. It provokes smiles right to the end even though the victor failed to gain the spoils. " The Haverfordian " has no editorial department. The omission might be risky for a magazine of less value, but here it is dispensed with without de- traction from deserved merit. ,,_, We are acquainted with Qx 1 M the staff and standard Stylus q£ jjg Boston College Stylus. The latter has always clung with bulldoglike tenacity to the high- est rung of collegiate literary excellen- cy and its February issue evidences no signs of its wavering. " Reflection " , in picture and four- line verse, furnishes an appetizer for other choice rare bits. " The Little Mother " s hows the way into the martyred heart of France. The plot is not new, but this is unnoticed in the face of its pathetic shades and skillful arrangement. " The Blunderer " is the short and fairly well-related story of a misfit and day-dreamer, who, while failing to fit the shoes of heroism in the approved manner, saved a human life. Full ad- vantage is not taken of the very good plot; that is, of course, unfortunate but not enough so to dampen our interest. A little more directness and snap would have improved the work immensely. The mysterious make-up of the story, " The Last Night In Kharti " , matches the mystic clock of the Eastern desert, the collet of this story. A humorous strain permeates, but the threatening signs of trouble and disaster are such that one ' s suspended breath only es- capes freely when the satisfactory con- clusion is reached. The plot is good, principally because the outcome cannot be anticipated. " A Dis.sertation On Teeth " reads like a dental paste advertisement, but hav- ing no commercial end, has the ring of sincerity and truthfulness. We are taken through a rapid and humorous examination of equine teeth, as well as an elephant ' s, but ultimately finish up with a toothful of good sound advice on the care of the teeth. When one stops to reflect how many human ills are directly chargeable to bad teeth one can appreciate the true value of this profitable essay. Whether he seeks en- tertainment or instruction in dental hy- giene he will have no cause to com- plain. " Aeschylus and Sophocles " ac- quaints us with the great Greek contrib- utors to modern drama. Lovers of drama might profit from a reading of this essay which describes so well the origin and progress of drama. It is neither too sober, nor humorous. THE REDWOOD 167 Tn the department bearing the name ' ' Apud Poetas ' ' we found charm, sweet ness, tranquility, magic description and imagery of the highest order. Fancy is far flung and many a commonplace scene or ordinary idea is transformed into a sheet of dazzling harmonious rhyme. " Despair " is almost foreboding in its dole terrifying reality. " The Burn- ing Ships " is, likewise, appallingly pre- sented, but here there is a quickening of the pulse emanating. The imagery in " The Moonlight Sea " is splendid, but the main thought that its beautiful lines essaj ' S to dis- close remains alternatively conject- ural. Love is the power that floods the poet ' s fancy in " Roses " . Nothing is more congruous than thoughts of scented roses and lovers fancies. Other verses of much merit complete the department. All are good and eon- tribute to the mass of proof that the poesy at this College is unexcelled. The editorials are what they should be — direct and convincing. " A Talk " is a real " button-hole " conversation that presents to the reader the journal- ist ' s true position to his readers. The Canisius Monthly This department makes a new acquaintance in the receipt of " The Canisius Monthly " (Canisius College, Buffalo, N. Y.). If first impressions are lasting one than judging from the March number we anticipate a pleas- ant and profitable journalistic friend- ship. " The Moral Issue of the Strike " is timely, and fundamentally and ethical- ly right. We entirely acquiesce with the position of the essayist in his state- ment that the right to strike is sacred and the worker ' s only protective arma- ment. Certainly the fight betAveen la- bor and capital can never be absolute- ly fair, but it is certainly unfair for the " Government of the people " to bind tlie hands of either faction. " Let Me Do Good " is a novelty in verse. It is as closely cognate to the established form of a prayer as vers(! can be. The thought is embracing and well carried. " Bheu Fugaces " is the story in verse of Age looking back to the days of boy- hood. How easy to glance back and tell in pretty rhyme what " I would do were I a boy again " . " Nature and Grace " is the song of the deep-eyed lover. The fancies, ema- nating from the versifier ' s reflection on his earnest passion, results, in a splendidly constructed poem. Anyone interested in the short story will not go amiss by reading " The De- velopment of the Shoi ' t Story " . There are many authoritative allusions so one may accept and utilize the ideas and suggestions without fear of error. Oth- er essayists would benefit by following the thoroughness and balanced order of this essay. That such a mortal accident as a mustache can comprise the hub of a rattling good yarn is amply proved in " Stache " . The manner of execution is rapid, flexible and progressive. A good plot requires nothing else to in- sure an enjoyable short story. The title " The Art of Eating Spa- ghetti " speaks for itself. Needless to say the treatment is humorous and while offering little intellectual food is valuable for its attention to details and good sequence of order. The editorials are not less worthy than the contributions. While dealing with campus affairs rather than mat- ters of general interest we can appre- ciate their sineerit.y, directness and force. A good editorial requires noth- ing more. BASKETBALL The services of an Alumnus of Santa Clara were obtained by the Faculty to guide the destinies of the basketball and baseball teams of the University this year. The man chosen is a v ell- known personage around this part of the country, having- been connected with many momentous and widely- known projects in the northern part of the State. This was none other than Joseph Aurreeoechea, better known to Santa Clarans as " Joe Sneeze. " Joe has gained considerable fame for him- self by his skillful management of the Livermore Rodeos, the Native Sons ' Rodeo in San Francisco, and as the coach and manager of the Livermore basketball teain. which went East last year to compete in the National Tour- nament. He also held the position of Student Manager of Athletics at the University in ' 16, when the record Rugby team of Santa Clara defeated the Stanford Cardinals. So, taking everything into consideration, " Joe " was no new personage around the cam- pus. There was a number of veterans of last year ' s squad out again this year, as well as a large turnout of new me i. Captain " Hal " Toso and Coach " Sneeze " surely had a wealth of men to pick from, and as a result the pros- pects for a very successful season were bright. Among the old-timers present were Caesar Mfinnelli, " Fat " Ferrario, " Bones " Logan, Torn ! annon and " Moose " Fawke. There was also a good crowd of new faces out in the " monkey suits, " as " Sneeze " calls them, and quite a bit of promising ma- terial was on hand to fill any gaps that might loom up in the team. Foremost among the new men were " Cowboy " Vukota and Jimmie Me- Glinchy, both stars of the Livermore team which went East the year pre- vious to play in the National Cham- pionship. Then there were two stars of the Campbell Hi team, Hulsman and Heinzman, who showed all kinds of " stuff " and " Butcher " Clancy, from the neighboring hamlet of San Fran- cisco, who had made a name for himself in the aforementioned village. Vas- coneellos, another new man, with a lanky build and a wicked eye for ring- ing the hoop, was very much in evi- dence, and who showed all the ear- marks of a Varsity star, turned out to give the others a run for the position of center. Among the other men out were Harrington, McCauley, Cavalier, Coolidge, " Sponge " Driscoll and Ray Shellooe. Santa Clara 42 Ambrose Tailors 18 The Varsity showed in fine form the opening day of the season. The Am- brose Tailors had quite a reputation, but were completely outclassed. The game was played at Livermore, and " Cowboy " Vukota surely showed his townsmen a lot about the game of bas- ketball. All the first string men Avere used, and showed up well. THE REDWOOD 169 Santa Clara 51 Y. M. I. 14 The first time the student body had a chance to see the team in action was in this f ' ame. They surely -ot their iiioiu ' y ' s worth as the home team had the game sewed up within a few min- utes after the opening whistle. Johnnie Logan was easily the star of the game, making something like 14 field goals before the party was over. Santa Clara 33 Athens Club 20 Joe Sneeze took his charges to Liv- ermore for one more game before the Southern trip, this time choosing the Athens Club as opposition. The Club- men put up a strong game, but couldn ' t quite make the grade. McGlinchy fig ured that Vukota had starred enough and took it upon himself to heave sev- eral baskets in this game. Santa Clara 34 L. A. A. C. The result of this game nearly caused a tidal wave in Lqs Angeles. The L. A. A. C. had not been beaten in five years on» their home floor, and were National Champions in 1919. Their reputation meant nothing to Santa Clara, who re- garded them as merely another nut to crack, so they cracked it. A clipping from a Los Angeles paper states: " A little forward named Johnnie Vukota was largely responsible for the down- fall of the Club quintet. Vukota would dash under the basket, toss the ball around his neck, and then shoot a quick, perfect basket. Vukota shot seven field goals and two fouls. " The guarding of " Phat " Ferrario was a revelation to the clubmen who never succeeded in getting past him. Santa Clara 22 Stanford 23 Our chances for beating Stanford looked bright this year, but fate was against us it seems, anyway Stanford nosed us out in the last few minutes of play by one point. As a basketball game it was a wonder. Both teams were playing as one man, and each man was trying his best. There Avas not much to pick from as to their respective mer- its. Stanford won, but their margin was not ' large enough to indicate any superiority. Santa Clara easily ex- celled in team work, and Stanford as easily excelled in basket shooting, espe- cially from a distance, most of their l)oints coming from long shots. In the matter of individual stars there was not much to go on. Vukota and Fer- rario played their usual strong game, while Manelli was right in the fray every instant. It was merely a case of hard luck, and we Avill have to wait till next year for our revenge. Santa Clara 24 California 37 The strong California quintet handed the Varsity another defeat to the tune of 37 to 24. Santa Clara started the game with a rush, being on the long end of a 12 to 6 score within a few min- utes after the start of the game. Cali- fornia rallied in the second half and the Varsity could not seem to get go- ing. As usual Vukota and Ferrario were the stars. As a Los Angeles scribe put it, " Vukota must have been born in a basket " . Santa Clara 35 St. Ignatius 19 Tlie first of the annual series of games with St. Ignatius was played in San Francisco. Santa Clara was far too fast for the Ignatians, and it was evident within a few minutes that it was only a question of how large the score would be. Jim McGlinchy was the star with Johnnie Vukota, each man rolling up a goodly number of points. Santa Clara 39 S. B. U. C. 29 The Varsity basketeers took a little run over to Livermore and beat the S. B. U. C. just to keep in trim for the other games which were coming up. McGlinchy and Vukota again " did stuff " for the benefit of the home guard, while all the boys went well. Santa Clara 36 St. Ignatius 23 Just to show that the first victory over St. Ignatius was not a fluke the boys took the afternoon train one Fri- day and stayed long enough in San Francisco to repeat the trick. Caesar Avas in fine trim that night and kept 170 THE REDWOOD the Ignatiaus wondering whether he was in the league or not. They could see him, but that was all. Santa Clara 29 College of Pacific 8 With the taslp of last year ' s defeat still bitter, the Varsity took on the Pacific squad, and they surely did do some tall avenging. The score indicates liow badly the C. P. boys were out- classed, but it does not tell of the won- derful work of the entire Santa Clara team, especially that of Ferrario and Vukota. " Phat " broke up many a rush of the Methodists, while " Cow- boy " kept the crowd on its feet with his spectacular shots. Santa Clara 15 College of Pacific 18 Greatly to our surprise the C. P. turned the tables on us and came out on the long end of the score, in a return game at C. P. Nobody had seemed to discover yet just why this happened, but it did happen and so the less said about it the better. Santa Clara 17 College of Pacific 11 As the series now stood, a third game on a neutral floor was determined upon. San Jose High gave permission for the use of their court and the Var- sity went over determined to " do or die. " They did. ' Nuff sed. Taken as a whole the basketball sea- son was a big success. The record of the team was and is a good one and showed that Santa Clara is still capable of taking her place in inter-collegiate competition. The complete schedule together with the scores follows. It is something to be proud of and we are proud of it. Collegiate Games Varsity, 35 ; St. Ignatius, 19. Varsity, 36 ; St. Ignatius, 24. Varsity, 24 ; California, 37. Varsity, 29; Pacific, 8. Varsity, 22 ; Stanford, 23. Varsity, 15 ; Pacific, 18. Varsity, 29 ; Whittier, 23. Varsity, 29; California (Southern Branch) i 23. Varsity, 39; California (Southern Branch), 29. Club and Service Games Varsity, 34 ; Los Angeles A. C, 21. Varsity, 18; Los Angeles A. C, 31. Varsity, 19 ; Los Angeles A. C, 29. Varsity, 34 ; Los Angeles Y. M. C. A., 22. Varsity, 36; U. S. S. Mississippi, 24. Varsity, 33 ; Athens Club, 20. Varsity, 52 ; San Jose Y. M. I., 14. Varsity, 24; Ambrose Tailors, 18. Varsity, 38 ; Stockton American Le- gion, 16. BASEBALL Joe Sneeze lost no time in calling the baseball squad into action, as soon as basketball was over. Owing to the fact that most of last year ' s team had not returned to school this year, prospects did not look very bright at the begin- ning of the season. Several new men were uncovered, and these together with last year ' s veterans now shape up into a team on a par with any college nine on the coast. Among the oldtimers to answer roll call were Capt. Haneberg, Caesar Man- nelli, Joe " Little Giant " Fitzpatrick, Ernest Delmo Bedolla, " Hal " Toso, Emmet Mahoney and John Logan. Sev- eral recruits showed much promise in the Philosophical League that they were given a tryout for the Varsity. Dave Clancy, Ernie Scettrini, Jim Ford, " Cowboy " Vukota and " Runt " Ri- anda were chosen by " Sneeze " to show what they could do in faster company. Ernie Scettrini was showing up as a real sensation, having a place in the in- field cinched when he received a badly broken leg in a practice game. " Scett ' s injury was a serious blow to the team, as he was plugging up the hole left by the absence of Don Clarke and Fred Riley, and considerable shift- ing had to be done before the place was filled. After numeroiis shifts the in- field problem was settled by putting Jim Ford in Joe Fitz ' s place as catcher, and shifting Joe to second. Ford soon showed that he was the right man for the catching job, and there was never THE REDWOOD 171 any doubt that Joe could fill in at any place on a ball team. The team lines up at present as fol- lows : Ford, c ; Toso, 1st. b. ; Pitz, 2nd. b. ; Logan, ss. ; Haneberg, 3rd. b. ; Be- dolla. If. ; Manelli, cf . ; and Vukota, rf . Several pitchers are on the squad, the most promising being at present Mol- len, Dunne and Gonzales. The season opened on the local dia- mond with the S. A. A. As it was the first time under fire for several of the boys, they were a little nervous at first but soon settled down and played reg- ular big league ball. MoUen pitching his first Varsity game pitched a nice game and the Varsity came out on the long end of the score. Santa Clara, 6 ; San Jose Bears, 5 The San Jose Bears of the Mission League were our next victims. Al- though the Bears were figured to win on the dope sheet, the Varsity showed that it did not believe in dope and an- other scalp was added to our belt. Haneberg, Vukota and Fitzpatrick each got a home run during the afternoon and the whole team played good ball. R. H. E. Santa Clara 6 13 4 San Jose 5 13 1 Batteries — Mollen and Fitzpatrick. Purdy and Kerber. Santa Clara California 16 Taking his outfit of ball players to Berkeley " Joe " Sneeze had hopes of winning another game. His hope was unfounded, for the California team, one of the best which has represented them for several seasons, gave us a neat trim- ming. However, the game had its good points, for it showed Joe our weak ones, and a valuable lesson was well learned. R. H. E. Santa Clara 3 4 California 16 16 Batteries — Gonzales and Fitzpatrick ; Mitchell, O ' Neil and Thomson. Santa Clara 2 Stanford 2 Having learned some things from California, the Varsity proceeded to put them to use against Stanford. Ow- ing to the poor condition of Stanford ' s Varsity Field this game was played on the Freshman Field and the two Var- sities had to wait until a Freshman game was over. There was not enough time left to play a full game, but six innings of airtight ball were played. In this contest the Varsity showed up very well and if any edge could be given in the game it would have gone to Santa Clara. R. H. E. Santa Clara 2 5 2 Stanford 2 6 1 Batteries — Gonzales and Fitzpatrick ; Loewenstein and Green. Santa Clara 2 California 11 Once more we were forced to content ourselves with the loser ' s end of a bat- tle with California. This time the Var- sity was in better form, but were unable to stem the attack of the veterans of the Berkeley institution. A great im- provement was noted over the first game and had it not been for some un- fortunate errors the score would have closer. R. H. E. Santa Clara 2 5 4 California 11 10 1 Batteries — Purdy, Mollen and Ford; Morris and Ebe. Santa Clara 9 San Jose Bears 4 As there was some talk around San Jose that we were Lucky to beat the Bears. Joe Sneeze said we could do it again, and took the team over to the Bears ' own stamping ground to do it. Playing an excellent brand of ball both offensively and defensively, the Var- sity took this game without much trou- ble. R. H. E. Santa Clara 9 15 San Jose 4 8 3 Batteries — Mollen and Ford; Purdy, Paul and Kerber. Santa Clara 6 Stanford 3 Since the last contest with Stanford did not go a sufficient number of in- nings to satisfy everybody concerned, 172 THE REDWOOD Stanford took a trip down to the local diamond to settle the argument. The team worked perfectly and the score tells the story. R. H. E. Santa Clara 6 8 2 Stanford 3 6 2 Batteries — Mollen and Ford ; Nef f, Loewenstein and Green. PREP BASKETBALL George Malley of Carson City, of the Mission Prep Basketball squad, led his crack quintet through one of the most successful seasons ever enjoyed by any team of the institution. From a field of over thirty aspirants for berths on the team, the following showed the " stuff " and formed the regular line- up. Malley (Capt.), guard; Flynn, guard; Miller, center; Halloran and Young, forwards. Jack Haley, former star center, was kept out of uniform for the entire season owing to an infec- tion of the foot. However, " Big Boy " Miller more than filled the difficult jumping position. Preps 39 S. A. A. 6 The Preps were first called upon to show their ability in a game with the Sodality Club. A burst of speed and class was displayed by the Preps throughout the contest. Halloran and Young, both nimble lads at forward, got the basket around the ball almost at will, while " Capt. " Malley and Flynn showed their selfishness by let- ting their opponents down with but one field goal per half. The final score was 39-6, with the Preps carrying the big side. Preps 13 Livermore Hi 11 On December 11, the Preps jour- neyed to Livermore, and there met with a warm reception. They were very slow in starting. In fact they coiildn ' t start at all during the first half, while the opposition strung up 6 points. In the second half the old S. C. fight was called upon, and the final whistle an- nounced the Santa Clarans winners by the score of 13-11. It was an exciting game throughout, and each man did his utmost to win what may well be termed a hard-earned victory. Preps 25 Commerce 22 The first game after the Christmas vacation was with the crack Com- merce five, last year ' s champions of the S. F. A. L. The game was a fast one from beginning to end, and both teams were evenly matched. The score at half-time was 15-8 in favor of the Preps, due in large part to the shooting of Halloran and Miller. The second half kept the spectators on their feet until the final shot. The Commerce lads came from behind, and threw a scare into the Missionites. When time was up, the score was a tie, but at the end of an extra five minutes the Preps held the victory by the close score of 25-22. Captain Malley and Smith at guards, played an excellent brand of basketball, and Bob Miller, at center, did his best towards gaining more laurels. Preps 46 Standard Oil 23 Another defeat was checked up against the visitors in a rather loose game when the Standard Oil team of San Jose fell before the Prep on- slaught. Although several stars were missing from the line-up, the Preps displayed all sorts of class and finished the game easy winners by a score of 46-27. Capt. Malley and Carl Young, at forwards, together with Miller at center, made the Preps score large, while Smith and Flynn, at guards, were responsible for the small opposing score. Preps 38 S. C. American Legion 18 In this game the fighting lads who went " over the top " in France, failed to go " over the hump " against the Preps. The usual form was displayed by the iisual victors, and the ex-service men were compelled to be satisfied with the short end of a 38-18 score. Halloran, back into the game after an absence of a week, was the main scoring factor, THE REDWOOD 173 while Young and Malley also held up their share. Preps 20 Fremont Hi 19 Fremont High, strong contenders for the S. F. A. L., furnished for the Preps the most exciting contest witnessed during the entire season. The Preps led at the end of the first half 8-6, but the boys from Oakland forged ahead early in the second half and kept the lead till about the last twenty-eight sec- onds. For a whole it looked as though the Preps would finish behind, but the old-time S. C. fighting spirit did not fail and the locals came from behind and finished ahead 20-19. Captain Mal- ley was the star, for it was his clever playing at forward that put his men in front. Halloran, Miller and Baily also showed up well. Preps 22 Santa Clara Hi 12 The " grand finale " was with the Santa Clara High School and for a sea- son closer it was a corker. The first half was fast and close, and ended with the Preps ahead 10-8. However, in the seco nd half, Smith and Flynn, at guards, allowed the opponents but one field goal, while their teammates ran their total up to 32. Bailey, Smith and Miller starred, while Brescia and Ron- stadt also featured. PREP BASEBALL The Preps were just laying away their undefeated basketball colors when John D. Baseball applied for ad- mittance. He was greeted with open arms and the first day of practice found a large squad working out under the direction of Captain Tom Randazzo. Last year ' s squad was well represent- ed on the field among whom were Ran- dazzo, Carson, Koch, Smith, Baily, Nock, Halloran, Haley and Malley. Be- sides these there were many new prom- ising men eager to obtain a regular berth on the first team as Egan, Ander- son, Driscoll, Varanini, Martin, Turner, Ryan, Mitchell and O ' Brien. With a string of pitchers as Driscoll, Carson, Varanini and Mitchell, it could be easily foretold that the fielders would not wear out much shoe leather. But they were equally well held up by such men as Haley, Turner and Ryan with the big glove. At first O ' Brien and Malley were trying out, while sec- ond looked to be a stone wall being covered by Capt. Randazzo and " Joe- die " Egan. Short seemed to be easy pickings for " Phat " Baily, and in the " hot corner " Halloran and " Fannie Martin were knocking them down. Now speaking of the outfield, Koch, Smith, Nock, Ford and Anderson took no back seats when it came to spearing the high S. C. Preps 8 Commerce 9 The first contest took place in San Francisco with Commerce as the oppo- nent; the Preps had but two days of practice and consequently were not in the best of form. The game started with Carson in the box, Turner behind the bat, Malley 1st, Randazzo 2nd, Baily, ss., Halloran 3rd, Smith, If., Koch cf ., and Nock rf. Carson could not quite hit his last year ' s form, so in the fifth was re- placed by Driscoll, the little left- hander. Driscoll ' s pitching was the feature of the game from then on, al- lowing only one hit. At nine innings the score stood 8-8, but in the tenth Commerce got a break and scored the winning run. S. C. Preps 8 Lowell 7 After this game the Preps worked hard, as was evident from their next appearance. Lowell High brought a strong team down on March 11 to meet the young Saints. Carson, who by this time had limbered up his arm fairly well, showed las that he was a pitcher and could hook them in or out, up or otherwise. The game went on till the ninth with the Preps on the short end of the score, but then that fighting spirit of the Preps took a hand and the .young battlers came from behind and sent Lowell back to San Francisco sad- der but wiser in baseball knowledge. Hits in the last inning by Carson, Ran- 174 THE REDWOOD dazzo, Turner, Baily and Koch helped greatly to win the game. Preps 15 William Warren 8 The next contest could well be called a track meet. On March 15 the squad journeyed to Meulo Park to engage in combat with the William Warren School. " Don ' t Worry " Driscoll was on the mound and performed admir- ably. The Preps were not working too hard, being a bit over-confident. Before the game it was decided that thej- should play seven innings instead of nine, and it is well that it was so ar- ranged because the boys from the Mis- sion town wore out enough shoe leather running the bases to save half a dozen Chinese babies. At the end of the sev- enth the score stood Preps 15, W. W. S. 8. Preps 11 Pacific 12 The following Saturday the College of the Pacific sent their baseball men to the Mission Field to take on the Preps, but the college men proved a bit too strong at that time for the " Young- sters. " At the outset of the game the Preps played a little ragged ball. None of them seemed to have the fightinfr spirit which was so characteristic throughout the entire year. The game opened with Daley and Turner as bat- tery, Daley doing very well for his first appearance in the box. In the opening innings the Tigers scored a few runs, and during the re- mainder of the game held a small lead. In the ninth a rally was started, but all hopes were shattered and the game ended C. of P. 12, Preps 11. Preps 11 Normal 12 On March 24 the San Jose Teachers ' College sent a flock of pedagogues to the Mission Field in hopes of redeeming themselves in part for the drubbing Ijanded them by Prep gridders some months ago. Driscoll took the mound at 3:30 with Jack Haley on the receiving end. This contest was somewhat on the order of a rodeo and did not take on the appear- ance of a baseball game until the third inning. The Preps couldn ' t hit their stride exactly and were a bit loose in their fielding. In the last half of the ninth a rally was started. The score stood 12 to 7. Saxe pitching for the teachers, walked the first three batters. It looked like a sure victory for our men. One by one they crossed the plate until the score stood 12-11 in favor of the teach- ers. Then with two down and the spectators cr,ying for another run, Car- son hit a high fly ball and the scoring was over. Preps 22 Pacific 9 Monday, March 25, saw a real rodeo staged by the Preps for the benefit of the choice nine from the College of the Pacific. Yes, revenge was sweet and the score was sweeter, 22-9. What? Yes, a baseball game. Thje team lined up -with a determination to win. Mr. Ralph Andrew Carson of Milpitas, be- sides twirling his team to victory, kept the outfielders on their horses when he was at bat. Every one played a very good game and proved their former showing was not really due to an off day. The line-up was as follows : Car- son, pitcher; Ryan, catcher; Malley, 1st; Capt. Randazzo, 2nd; Turner, ss. ; Baily. 3rd; Smith, If.; Halloran, cf.; and Nock, rf. Many games have been scheduled for the coming season and all are looking forward to continued success on the diamond. THE REDWOOD Phones Office: S. C. 19 Home: S.C. 19 DR. G. W. J. FOWLER Physician and Surgeon Office hours: 10 to 11 a.m., 2 to 4 and 7 to 8 p.m. Franck Building Santa Clara, Cal. Madden ' s Pharmacy PRESCRIPTION EXPERTS 1072 Franklin Street Santa Clara, Cal. Dr. J. IRVING BEATTIE Offices: Main and " Benton Streets SANTA CLARA Office hours: 1 to 4 p. m. Sundays and Holidays 10 to 11 a. m. Phone Santa Clara 27 M.S. FURTADO, Proprietor The Mission Barber Shop 811 Franl Hn Street Santa Clara, Cal. FRED C. GERLACH, M. D. Physician and Surgeon Office Hours: 2 to 4 p.m. LETITIA BUILDING SAN JOSE, CAL. Phone S. J. 2808 Residence Phone S.J. 3J04 Dr. J. R. Fowler DENTIST Phone Santa Clara 3 7- J Hours 9 to li, 1 to 5 Office: Rooms 6, 7, 8 Bank of Italy BIdg, Santa Clara, Calitornia G. Jos. Arellano Dealer In Choice Cut Flowers and Healthy Plants; Lawns and City Beautiful Window Boxes a specialty 647 Fell St. San Francisco Phone Market 8071 Dr. KNEASS Dentist Hours: 9 a.m. to 6 p.m., 7 to 8 p.m. Telephone S. J. 783 U ' A S. First Street San Jose EXCLUSIVE .iiir See that McCahe is in your Hat Try the New Double- Action Heater University Electric Company J. HINTZ Phone: Santa Clara 2 14-R THE REDWOOD i kyiHi THE UNIVERSAL CAR Fordson Tractors McAndrew Cowden, Inc. AUTHORIZED DEALERS 935 Washington St. Santa Clara 172 COLLEGE OF NOTRE DAME and NOTRE DAME HIGH SCHOOL Boarding and Day Departments San Jose, California ACCREDITED TO UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA " %w ' X ' - Collegiate Course— Four years, leading to Degrees in Art, Science, Letters. High School Course — Accredited to State University and Normal Schools. Grammar Department — Through all the grades. Secretarial Department— Complete course leading to diploma. College of Music — Leading to degree. For Bulletin address SISTER SUPERIOR THE REDWOOD IVkh acknowUdgmtnts trnK.d " wkK -flie prunes MY DAD ' S fayorite yam. WAS THE one about. THE OLD storekeeper. WHO WAS playing checkers. IN THE back of the store. AMONG THE coal oil. AND THE prunes. WHEN THE sheriff. WHO HAD just jumped his king. SAID " SI there ' s a customer. WAITIN ' OUT front. " AND SI said " Sh-h ! IF YOU ' LL keep quiet MEBBE HE ' LL go away. " NOW HERE ' S the big idea. WHEN A good thing. HAPPENS ALONG. DON ' T LEAVE it to George. TO GRAB the gravy. PRINSTANCE IF. YOU HEAR of a smoln. OR READ about a smoke. THAT REALLY doea more. THAN PLEASE the taste. THERE ARE no hooks on you. THERE ' S NO law against YOUR STEPPING up. WITH THE other live ones. AND SAYING right out IN A loud, clear Toice. " GIMME A pack of. THOSE CIGARETTEa. THAT SATISFY. " OU ' LL say yon such flavor, such mild but full-bodied tobacco goodness. You ' re right, too, because they don ' t make other cigarettes like Chesterfields. The Chesterfield blend can ' t be copied. Have yoa seen the new AIR - TIGHT tint of SO ? TT£8 Liggett Myers Tobacco Co. tt cd aud Entered Dec. 18, 1902, at Santa Clara, Cal.. as second-class matter, under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 VOL. XXI SANTA CLARA, CAL., MAY, 1922 NO. 4 A Crown of Flowers for Mary A. J. STEISS. [r. ITHIN tKe cloister of tKe field, TKe pale-souled lily kneels in colloquy. In silence suppliant; tKe rose Bleeds fortK Ker love in n artyred frailty; TKe virgin violet of tKe wild Hides among stones in lowly modesty. MotKer of Love! Our glowing Keart For tKy great love we offer in tKe rose. To Virgin, virtue ' s overture We make in nunlike lily ' s cKaste repose. TKy crown is flowered witK our constancy. And every flower wast fasKioned after tKee! The Mission Play of Santa Clara Gerald P. Beaumont, ' 07 HIS is being dictated to a stenographer on a train that is whirling smoothly eastward at fifty miles an hour over plains where but a few short de- cades ago our forefath- ers, led on by the Star of Empire, plodded wearily beside their oxen, rifles in hand. We sit in uphol- stered armchairs, enclosed by a moving miracle of steam and steel, and the magic Carpet of Bagdad is under our feet. Beyond the window stretches a panorama of red cliffs, brown sage, cerulean sky — a Maxfield Parish inspi- ration — but it lures me not. Mind and heart are still tuned to the Mission Play of Santa Clara, which I saw for the first time two nights ago in the old theater, where, as a nervous, frightened youth, with a prayer on my lips, I used to wait trembling ' in the wings for my cue to face the footlights as Pancra- tius in The Light Eternal. And now I have been asked to write, under obvious handicaps, my impres- sions of the Mission Play, and for the dear old college magazine which print- ed my first story and awakened in me the instinct for the profession I am now following. If I had the silver tongue of Demosthenes or the golden pen of Shakespeare, I might possibly express the things that are in my heart; but, alas ! even my humble RemingtQn is not available, and T must blunder haltingly, hoping onlj ' that you will read between the lines. When all is said and done, everything in life is a matter of viewpoint. There may be those who look upon the Mis- sion Play of Santa Clara only as an en- tertaining college production, well worthy the price of admission. With such we have no quarrel ; but if that is all they see in it, we are sorry for them. To those who love California as a land of romance; to those who love the Valley of Heart ' s Delight as a land of home; to those who honor the brown robed padres as the path finders to the land of our fathers : — Martin V. Merle ' s Mission Play of Santa Clara is a Jewel worthy of it ' s setting. Make no mistake ! Mr. Merle may not yet be a Barrie, nor a Belasco, nor a David Griffth. He would be the first to disclaim the laurel wreath, for he is the most modest of men. Those who interpret his play are not yet Henry Millers, nor John Drews, nor Sir Henry Trvings. The Santa Clara audience is not ushered into a million dollar temple to Thespis, to be made comfortable in plush seats and dazzled by tinsel, elec- tricity and clap-trap. Were such the case this would not be written. No, the Mission Play of Santa Clara is as sincere a labor of love, and as pure in its purpose as the simple play at Oberammergau to which the world makes pilgrimage. What could be more fitting than that the story of Santa Clara, embodying the most dramatic period in California ' s history .should be portrayed by youth alone on the very spot where once the sainted Junipero THE REDWOOD 177 Serra blessed the mute Indian a cen- tury ago ! No professional talent, no matter how skilled, could do justice to such a theme; and the commercializa- tion of such a drama would be a sacri- lege. The story has lost nothing in the telling though it has been entrusted to Santa Clara ' s sons alone. Therein lies the potency of its charm. Mr. Merle, — himself one of the most talented of Santa Clara ' s " old boys " — a man with a genius for stagecraft — has caught from the shadows of the old Mission the spirit of pioneer California, and has fashioned a dramatic gem which scintillates delightfully in a nat- ural setting. The unmistakable signs of love and sincerity reach across the footlights to clutch the audience and play upon the heart-strings. No finer tribute to the founders of Santa Clara could be devised; no better proof of the ability of their successors to de- velop mind and character of boyhood could be offered than this spectacle which reflects in every detail the love of student and alumnus. The play itself is almost exotic in its coloring : a series of paintings that merge gently to the accompaniment of soft music and the dreamy atmosphere of bygone days. For this, I imagine we are indebted to Merle, who is a master of stage setting; to Michael ' Sulli- van, wizard of the paint brush ; to Pro- fessor S. J. Mustol, who wrote the mu- sic and directed the student orchestra; and to Louis Goldstein, another " old boy " , now leading costumer of the West and an artist at the make-up ta- ble. The combined product of their skill was in evidence from the rise of the first curtain to the fall of the last; and from prologue to epilogue, there was no false note discernible. A blase New Yorker sat on one side of me ; an eager schoolgirl in front ; a sun-burned, red-faced dairyman from Merced was seated at my back. We all felt the spoil of the moment. For us, the clock turned backward, and the proscenium arch was a window through which we looked into the land of yesterday and — tomorrow ! All honor to the student cast that handled so sincerely and admirably the spirit of the play. When one stops to realize that the drama is but a single expression of the many activities of the Santa Clara student body; that these boys have their days taken up by earn- est study of other subjects; and that possibly none of them intend to adopt the stage as a career, the finished excel- lence that is displayed by the entire cast in the Mission Play is the most ex- traordinary thing about the whole pro- duction. I think there is a love of Alma Mater and a spiritual strength that comes to her sons at times like these. In the audience with me were James Bacigalupi, vice-president of the Bank of Italy, and John Ivancovich, a man who has made a distinct success on the legitimate stage. Both these men were at one time stars of the Senior Dramatic Club. I venture to say they stand quite ready to corroborate the statement that the hallowed walls of Santa Clara hold an inspiration to all. I am not a dramatic critic, far less an authority on acting. More experienced men will by now have expressed them- selves in the daily press concerning the ability of those who portrayed padre, caballero, Indian and adventurer. I am an " old boy " and no doubt inclined to be enthusiastic. I wish I could have gripped the hands of all. The burden of the play devolves up- on the shoulders of Michael C. Dimne in the role of Padre del Real, who sym- 178 THE REDWOOD bolized the spirit of the Mis sion. He portrayed the difficult part reverently, — with intelligence, and with a very agreeable distinctness of utterance. Henry M. Robidoux was an excellent Don Fernando Castanares, and Arthur J. Saxe, a most engaging Don Luis, who injected just enough lightness into the role to serve as a foil for the more tra- gic moments. We caught the unscrupulous spirit of the early blackguards from Henry J. Miller ' s interpretation of Jack Mosley, land agent; and the honorable intent of the American government from J. Thomas Crowe as a young army officer determined to see fair play. Alfred A. Ferrario was an imposing figure as Don Alvarado, military secretary to the Commandante. Charles R. Boden, as Soquel, a mission Indian crazed by the death of his child, gave a most effect- ive bit of character portrayal. The same thing can be said sincerely about William K. Romero, whose prologue prepared the audience for all that was to follow. Others who made the most use of the parts assigned to them included Wil- liam R. Costello as Padre Filipe; Frank A. Rethers and John T. Lewis as Mos- lej ' s men; George L. Hanneberg as So- nora ; Francis E. Smith as Sergeant Briggs ; James B. Comer as Pablo ; Vin- cent O ' Donnell as Fra Miguel; Caesar J. Manelli as Joaquin Martinez; John M. Burnett as Don Hernandez; and Henry B. Martin, Jr., as Don Alfredo. The ensemble of caballeros, gamblers, idlers and mission Indians formed a harmonious background to the scenes and showed the evidence of careful training. There are other points to which we should like to do justice, for example : the exquisite serenades by Roy P. Em- erson, and the string orchestra which lends so much to the second act ; but — alas! we have already exceeded the lim- its of space ; the stenographer is tired, and our train is bearing us further and further away every minute. Author — cast — student body — are entitled fully to the success that has come. Viva Santa Clara, and from an old boy — congratulations ! The Blind Poet MARTIN M. MURPHY HE genesis of dulcency ? It is tKe bird upon tKe tree : TKe lark is of himself tKe well; He is tKroat-trammeleci harmony; Else from what ordial breast might swell That silver, sylvan lutany. Oh ! Lark and Song are sweet to me— Sweet sweetness of simplicity ! All breathless I have heard the flow ' r Soft-weeping for his natal hour, And felt the sod leap up in pain. Upon the suckling lips the stain Of sweetest milk I joyed to see; And the earth, prest where they had la in. Oh ! Flower and Sod are sweet to me— Sweet sweetness of simplicity ! New Germans for Old George D. Pancera HEN the advance guard of the Third American Army passed from the lit- tle Duchy of Luxembourg into the Rhineland, little did young Germany, who shouted excitedly in his strange guttural tone, or the older figure in Prussian gray, but recently of the Imperial " Goose-step- pers " , who peered cautiously out of the shade-drawn windows, realize that the coming of the tired, pack-laden, mud-stained figures in khaki meant the dawn of a new day in the life and activ- ities of juvenile Germany — if not in the every age. Once settled and rested, after his strenuous, heart-breaking " gallop " of more than thirty actual marching days, the Yank soldier, true to his native proclivities, sought recreation and an outlet for his pent-up sporting spirit in the particular branch of athletics that best suited his nature and disposition. There was at once a scurry on the part of organizations to procure everything into the night. Sedentariness became a lost art once the American had fully reacted from the inhibitions that cam- paign requirements and necessities had forced upon him. The passing merchant repairing to his shop, or the farmer, outbound to his field, halted with unfeigned curiosity and astonishment before the spirited crowd of Americans, who plunged and battered each other with a bull-dog-like tenacity in an attempt to place the elus- ive " pigskin " over the goal line. He marvelled at the manner in which bruises and cuts were given and re- ceived and laughed over. Baseball was totally beyond the com- prehension of older Germany. It was incredible that men should leap into the path of a speeding hard-covered ball and catch it without harm. The game would never do in Germany; it was too dangerous. But young " Hei- nle " , encouraged by the good-natured American, who manifested no hard feel- ings below the fighting age, entered the game with a zest and whole-hearted spi- rit that by far greatly surpassed the fondest expectations of his instructors. The youngsters saw no danger and were too excited to apprize minor bumps ex- perienced because of early awkward- ness and unfamiliarity with the art of handling oneself on the field. Boxing was inhuman declared the soldier of yesterday, who had conveni- ently acquired the habit of forgetting things and events that were in his opin- ion better forgotten. But, in boxing, too young " Fritz " disagreed with his older brother, and, after secreting him- self in a corner of the gymnasium on several occasions when boxing matches were the evening ' s entertainment, se t- tled his after school disputes with more jabs and swings, fewer clinches and considerably less jabbering. The in- centive was so good that he took full advantage of every opportunity to seek a quarrel. In the old days when the satellites of THE REDWOOD 181 " Bill " Hohenzollern spent their Sun- day afternoons drinking old stout and singing ' " Der Wacht Am Rhein " , the popular recreation of the day was bowl- ing. Every wirt-schaft (saloon) in the Fatherland proudly displayed photo- graphs of its bowling chami)ions, as well as charts illustrating the methods and deliveries of these artists. The idea of a full-grown man dis- playing his grotesque physical lines in a gymnasium suit and strutting around like a hero, with a bowling ball in his hand, enjoying the plaudits of the crowd and basking in the smiles of the feminine enthusiasts, hardly appealed to the American soldier, who took no pains to conceal his contempt or hide his true feelings in the matter. The standard bearer of America may not have been greatly concerned over the Germans lack of knowledge of the " manly art of self-defense " , but we may be sure that he did not send the unoffending " Heinle ' s " bright, new, shiny straw hat rolling and spinning over the cobbled street in the hope of having a bowling ball thrown at him. Far be it from such ; he only desired the owner to offer to trounce him ; and when he did — well, the village doctor pedalled his bicycle at a reckless speed without unnecessary procrastination. It is possible that said bicycle and its rider would have soon have crumpled from over-taxation had not severe pun- ishments been threatened for a contin- uance of this American misconduct. The German, while distrustful and resentful, was not slow to recognize in the Americans ' activities, the presence of a new brand of sporting blood. He reflected on it and his mind flashed back to the time when " Emil Sneider " became inebriated one Sunday and at- tempted to ruin the cobbles on the main " strasse " of the village with a cobbler ' s hammer. Emil, he recalled, was fined ten marks for his offense; which goes to show that the " Father- land " was no place for a man with sporting blood in his veins. He like- wise saw thousands of marks change hands over a pair of " rattling cubes " with an indifference on the part of the players that left him bewildered, speechless and at loss to understand. By August, 1919, younger Germany had forgotten how to " goose-step " and his once snappy salute was doomed to become but a sacred memory to the old ' ' faithfuls ' ' . His desire to display him- self in his paternal relative ' s dress hel- met was becoming less pronounced. He was much too busy learning to keep his left foot advanced when boxing, and remembering to take all the bases he covdd make when he " lined one out " to deep center. There is little chance that the child- ren will again revert back to former habits and activities. Children who have learnt to enjoy spirited and skill- ful out-door games like baseball, foot- ball, basketball, jumping and boxing, are not apt to think favorably of turn- ing back to yester year and spend their Sunday afternoons by clambering up and seating themselves on the slope of a declivitous hill to sing to the accom- paniment of a guitar. The Sunday excursion down the Rhine or Moselle will not be forsaken altogether, but it will become less and less popular each year. Who cares to journey down a river just to hear a band and drink beer when both the band and the beer can be brought into the ball diamond? The rather corpulent middle-aged 182 THE REDWOOD gentleman with the peaked fur hat, prominently adorned with a feather, who wandered into the Alpine foothills with the small gun in quest of rabbits was something of a pre-war hero. He is scheduled to experience a diminution of his sporting value. His hope of re- gaining his coveted place may possibly lie in his casting himself into the role of umpire or referee, but never as a pursuer of small game with his toy- sized shotgun. The current word from Rhineland is that juvenile pastimes are one hundred per cent American. This can be taken as an encouraging sign indeed. Child- ren who play for the sake of play and not to subserve the ends of the greatest military autocracy the world has known will build a nation founded on honest industry and peaceableness. When the last American has rolled his pack to quit the Rhine, he shall leave only in body. His spirit will re- main on in the games and sports of new Germany which has already happily passed from its infancy. The light of a new understanding is penetrating the old order of German social life and showing its faults and shortcomings to its people. There is much promise in the newer generations. They have been started in the right di- rection. The day is not far off when the crowd that formerly turned out en masse to watch the maneuvers of the Prussian or Bavarian Guards will flock out to the local diamond on the Sab- bath Day to " bring home the bacon ' ' or mob the umpire. What Doth It Profit? GERALD R. CULLETON For what avails tKe wealth of eartK, The cKarm of form and face. If from the immortal soul has passed Its bright baptismal grace. What gain doth proud ambition make, With realms to tyrants given. If one has lost his birthright fair. His heritage to heaven. The Round-Up CHARLES D. SOUTH, Litt D. (Written on the occasion of tKe Santa Clara Rodeo, May, K522) ONITA to tKe Round-Up went, a red rose in Ker Kair, A score of lovers wooed tKe maid, tKe lovers all were tKere, And eacK of tKem to win Ker smile paid compliments galore; But, deaf to all, Bonita sat and lamped tKe Round-Up o ' er: TKe Round-Up, tKe Round-Up! TKe broncKo and tKe steer! TKe bounding steed, tKe wild stampede. TKe cowboy wKoop and c K eer: TKe maddening cKase, tKe blinding race, TKe lariat wKistling keen! A royal swing on a bovine king To cincK a Round-Up Queen! A cowboy from tKe ' Varsity cut antics witK Kis string In vain Kis pony devil tried its pesky boss to fling. TKey bounced along tKe sKouting crowd. His glance Bonita drew. SKe pulled tKe rose from out Ker Kair and KigK tKe blossom threw. TKe Round Up, tKe Round-Up! WitK jingling spurs tKat bite: WitK rawKide quirt in grip alert: His cKaps a Kairy frigKt; With awning brim for Kat of Kim. Of sun-absorbing Kue, — With giddy pace and reckless grace, 5ing-Ki! tKe Buckaroo! Her red, red rose tKe cowboy caugKt and pinned it on Kis cKest. A bridal lasso roped ' em ere tKe sun slid down tKe West; — But still Bonita ' s smiling rouge is every Kick ' s despair — TKe Round-Up Queen a-busting Kearts, a red rose in her hair. The Round-Up, the Round-Up! The wedding was a " frame. " The twenty guys were paid allies In fair Bonita ' s game. But still she reigns o ' er hill and plains To give dull Care the ra22, — Her Round-Up bill a Wild-West thrill All scrambled up with jazz! The Liberty We Are Losing Alfred W. Johnson ALLUST, the historian, was a pagan. Beginning his treatise on Catiline ' s Rebellion, he sought to justify himself in pursu- ing a long delayed lit- erary career — an occu- pation at variance with the then prevalent ideas on the char- acter of manly acts. He had this to say: " It becomes all men who desire to excel other animals, to strive to the best of their ability not to pass through life in repose, like those beasts of the field which nature has formed grovel- ing and subservient to their appetite " . This seems to be one of the instances in which the great writer was correct. That sentence, written over two thous- and years ago is just as true today as it was then. It is very simple, yet sig- nificant. His idea was that men should rise above their animal nature, hold it in abeyance and then look about them, take an interest in their surroundings and act as their reason directed. In matters politic, the practice of such teaching should spell success for, al- though human nature is corrupt, man can rise for all practical purposes to a level sufficiently high. Therefore Sal- lust urged all men to direct their men- tal faculties toward good. The people of our glorious Union ap- pear to be forgetting their worth, while their standards and tendency are not so much toward good. They have, in great part, grown lax and do little thinking, going on from day to day in smiling complacency. They are being serenely wafted along on a gentle, shadowy stream of pleasure and materialism, completely oblivious of the murderous cataracts further on which will surely hurl them to a torrent of painful disil- lusionment and ultimate vain regret. In short, those privileged as voters, are not doing their duty and the people are generally inactive so that little in- terest is taken in the government. The effects are seen in the state legislatures, for it is no longer considered such a great honor to be a lawmaker in the states. The salary is low and the best men do not run for office. Hence the character of the legislature has sunk to one of depravity and many new laws are partisan, fundamentally unsound, even ludicrous. It is generally admit- ted, that too many state laws are being passed, caused by the influence of out- side organization. This brings about widespread violation of the laws, for many of them can never be enforced or are not fit to be enforced. Ignoring un-, worthy law results in the disregarding of all law. Such was the case in Rome, where there was originally a good govern- ment. As time went on the laws be- came so manifold and unreasonable that they were all overthrown and final ruin was wrought in the state. Amer- icans must not allow their country to go the same route. Although they will meet every future crisis as they have ever so heroically done in the past, yet they must strive to avoid approaching THE REDWOOD 185 trouble, or at least make ready to ade- quately cope with it. Effort must be directed against existing wrong under existing law. The obligations of the State must be complied with. At present illiteracy is outstanding. Is it not appalling that over seven hun- dred thousand of the young men exam- ined for the Army and Navy were. re- jected because they coidd not read and write? To know that, in this " ad- vanced " age, nearly a million Ameri- cans in those most valuable years — from twenty-one to thirty-five — were unfit to fight for their flag because of illiteracy shoxild make every citizeli bit- ter with shame. These men could not take a written order or read directions. It is evident that the states have been overlooking the children. Even more sad is the teaching received by many of those foii;unate enough, under our sys- tem, to be afforded an education. Darwinism, Evolution and even an- archistic principles are being instilled into the minds of most of the students of our state universities. With the money of the taxpayers, given over to the professors, the youth of the land is being drawn away from the principles of his fathers. Moreover, it is well known that as a result of undei-pay and mismanagement, the teachers themselves are to a great extent too young and incapable. That which is considered the intellectual center of the country — Massachasetts State — has an outrageously high percentage of illit- erates. Education is under the jurisdic- tion of the States and therefore near the people. Why do Americans toler- ate such a low degree of general ignor- ance? Is not the projDer education of their children a most sacred trust? Then, of course, there is the non-en- forcement of the Eighteenth Amend- ment and its nation-wide violation. Dis- respect for the law is surely becoming a practice with a vast number of the people. Officials have been corrupted and for one conviction there are count- less offences of this nature. Among the multiplicity of other sources of evil are found the miwholesome conditions of health in the slums of all our large cities and the abominally high death rate of infants, especially those of poor parents. Under the constitution the remedy- ing of these evils was left by the fath- ers to the management of the individual states. Obviously they are failing mis- erably, for the welfare of the people is being mournfully neglected. As a result the states are losing their right- ful sovereignty, their institutions are becoming thoroughly enervated and their most sacred trusts are being snatched up and held by an insatiable Federal Power. Since the States are backward Washington proposes to ov- ercome the difficulties. The strength of the central government is well on the road to surpass that of the states. The balance established by the Consti- tution is being upset. Men in Congress admit that the line between the Federal and State Govern- ments is rapidly vanishing. Though they are most to blame in this regard, it is necessary to be generous with them. In viewing a band of sheep only the black ones are noted in particular, while magnificent white creatures re- ceive no special attention. All too fre- quently this almost universal tendency is evidenced when a body of men are considered as to their relative worth and virtue and as to the commendabil- ity of their actions. Thus the good is obscure, the bad striking. There are good men in Congress and they must 186 THE REDWOOD receive the support of the voters. Yet, these men are too few in number. The majority seem to be men who are not dominated by sound principle as distin- guished from mere impulse from within and circumstances from without. All this is manifest. When a repre- sentative of the people arises in the highest law-making body in the land and brazenly asserts that individuals have no rights which cannot be legislat- ed out of existence, then surely there is something wrong. When he is ac- companied by others who declare them- selves in favor of dictating to the states and to the family there is something most radically wrong. Yet such un- reasonable happenings are common in Congress. The members go so far as to supersede the states in holding a club over state and even county offi- cials. This is fact. Such detestable principles are to be seen in many of of their acts and shall be discussed later. Man as a social being is intended by Nature to deal and live in communion with his fellow-men and therefore Na- ture is the origin of the state. More- over, since individuals are prior by time and families by Nature, the State is, in consequence, existing for the in- dividuals and the family and not the individuals and the family for the State. How men in Congress can, in conscience, reason otherwise, is incom- prehensible. Their erroneous opinions are shared by one of the most eminent civic authorities in the world. His text books are poi ularly used and in one of them he states: " The experience of the American people during the last fifty years proves that individual rights are neither the chief object of government or the best basis for popular rule, " and later: " The rights of the individuals are not so much the rights he has as an individual as those he enjoys as a mem- ber of society. " Can these extracts mean that nature can be vanquished by man-made law? How can any earthly power deprive men of the right to mar- ry? If the majority or the state so de- clared, then according to this, no indi- vidual could practice his religion as reason and faith direct him. These and many other rights were retained by the individual and must not be tampered with despite the sentiments of Con- gressmen and writers of text-books. The realization that men such as these are our leaders and representatives is far from conducive to mental quietude. In the constitution is found this clause: " The Congress shall have pow- er to lay and collect taxes, duties, im- ports and excises to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States " . Therefore, some legislators hold that they can enact any law if they can per- suade themselves that it is for the com- mon welfare of the Union as a whole. As a very able man from Mississippi has so well said, this clause is the re- fuge of all who would evade the real purpose of the Constitution to justify every piece of bad legislation. Should the courts construe the General Wel- fare Clause as a part of the powers of the Constitution then they would de- stroy the entire bulwark of American independence, for whatever one would think is constitutional would of neees- ity be so. This argument has been brought up continually in the drift to- ward intense centralization and it has often been completely refuted. The men who put the wrong construction on it must therefore be ridiculously un- THE REDWOOD 187 reaionable and unfi1 to represent the people. Another fountain from which advo- cates of greater Federalism draw theii- arguments is from that part of the P " ' ourteenth Amendment which provides that no state shall deprive any person within its jurisdiction of the equal pro- tection of its laws. Furthermore, in the words of a prominent Congressman, when a state fails in the enforcement of state laws then the Federal Government has the power to provide for the seizure and punishment of any individual who commits any crime against that state. Therefore, they conclude, that since the states are so clearly deficient in law enforcement and in the maintenance of equity, the Federal Government has the power to take over those ill-used rights with the concomitant duties retained and residing in the state government. Ts not this conduct decidedly arbitrary, illogical and evil? The men who take a position like that of the above men- tioned Representative, are forgetful of the principles on which our country is founded. When the people saw that the Feder- ation which had muddled along for eight years after the Revolution was in- adequate they arranged a more com- plete form of government. Just as they banded together to form the states they now also concurred in establish- ing a well defined and limited central government. They retained certain rights and specified that there should be no authority in the new branch ex- ( ' ei)t that affirmatively given over to it in the Constitution. In this manner all tliat was not relinquished was re- tained. Some of the Senators have for- gotten that there must be an affirma- tive delegation of power and that there is none such as this in the Constitution which states that the Federal Govern- ment shall supersede the states or counties. If States should grow more lax in the punishment of murderers is it logical for Washington to seize and sentence the offenders? It is an in- fringement on State Rights, rights never given over to the Federal Gov- ernment. When the States fail the mat- ter falls back on the people and not upon the central government. That is the chief and fundamental point. Next to God the ultimate authority is vested in the people while only the intermedi- ate authority is found in our higher officials. Sallust exhorted citizens to employ their intelligences and to make their voices heard in matters politic. The voters of the United States must de- mand that their representatives in Con- gress and in the Legislature be men of conscience, forbidding all those further pernicious machinations against state and individual rights. Above all let our Congressmen be mindful of Web- ster ' s plea that they be men of individ- ual honor and personal character, knowing no masters, acknowledging no dictators. Nocte Silente EDWIN E. DRISCOLL HEN tKe Kermit bird Kis vesper Soft hatn sur g among tKe wooa, Flutes tKe river silverly, Loudly wKere tKe silver marsK dotK brood- In tKe deep, still wood. Lo! WKere Florence ' s Kill-strewn petals Lie beneatK a midnigKt moon, From tKe tower clamorousl}?, EcKoes wander down in silver sKoon, WitK tKe silver-sandall ' d moon. WKile upon tKe breast of silence Day-songs lay tneir languidness— All tKe welling Kours, one voice Sweetly tKreads my soul ' s deep wilderness. Danny Casey, Smoke Eater Charles R. Boden HEN a young man has just attained his major- ity, is possessed of a hap- py home, good health, a legion of true friends and all the other comforts of this mundane existence, he has every reason to look the world straight in the eye and even be optimistic enough to whistle while passing a graveyard. In addition if the selfsame youth has just realized his boyhood ambition after a long peri- ed of study and probation, his cup of joy should be filled to overflowing. Such a state of affairs would be very ordinary and far too commonplace to furnish material for a story. But if a young man, having had all these bless- ings poured upon his head, should be gloomy and pessimistic and sick at heart, verily there must be a reason. Therefore, let us consider the ease of Danny Casey, fireman of Engine 4. As far back as he could remember Daniel Sarsfield Casey had reserved a place in his heart for the firemen of San Francisco. He was but a tot when the city by the Golden Gate was smit- ten to the ground first by earthquake and then by fire, but even in those ten- der years he could realize the part that the fire-fighters played in staying the spread of the demon. The growing years had increased his love and admi- ration for the men who war against flame and smoke in the battle that nev- er ceases and he finally decided to cast his lot with the heroes of his youthful memory. Danny was greatly in favor of imme- diately joining the department, but the city charter provided that every poten- tial fireman must be at least twenty- one years of age. So he was forced, much against his will, to age with the years, but time failed to dim his early enthusiasm. He had no sooner come into his suffrage when he submitted to a civil service test, passed with a high average and soon donned the blue coat and silver buttons of a member of San Francisco ' s fire-fighting force. Danny was jubilant when he received notice to report for duty to Engine 4. This station was situated in the heart of the downtown district and Danny was sure he was in for a taste of the real thing. The house was ideally lo- cated. Besides answering many alarms north of Market street it was on the rim of the industrial district and it em- ployed much of its effort " south of the slot " . Danny had been afraid he would be assigned to the outlying districts, where they told him grass fires and chimneys were the chief sources of an- noyance, but now that fear was abated, and he prepared to make a record at Engine 4. The members of the company treated him with every consideration and he soon learned that the closest form of a comradeship exists among the firemen. There was one man in particular, Cap- tain Jim Waters, who took a great lik- 190 THE REDWOOD ing to the youthful novice. The Cap- tain Avas a veteran and had served a decade of years in the last century. Danny reminded him of his departed Johnny, Captain Waters told the men, and from that time on the pair formed a friendship which survived all but the Grim Reaper. The " first fire " of a rookie is al- waj s an exciting affair and Danny Casey was no exception. The first day of his assignment the click-click-click of the gong sent the apparatus speeding to a location in the boarding-house dis- trict. When the engine pulled up at the fire nothing in the way of flame was visible although a light vaporish smoke trailed from all the windows on the second floor. Engine 4 was first on the scene and in less time than it takes to talk about it Captain Jim Waters was leading his crew into the building with a line of hose trailing after. A continuous cloud of smoke pouring from a transom indicated the where- abouts of the blaze. Danny was at the head of the hose line with Captain Waters and another fireman. Another man came up with an axe and with a few well directed strokes the door was hacked to the ground. The waiting firmen burst through and directed the water at the source of the fire. Danny had hardly stepped foot inside the room when his eyes refused to see, his mind missed a bit in its functioning and the next minute he toppled to the ground, overcome by fumes. His comrades car- ried him to the street and he was soon tucked under white, clean sheets at the Central Emergency Hospital with a smiling attendant feeling his pulse. Lots of fresh air was the best cure for Danny ' s ailment and the next day found him back at duty at Engine 4. Where he had been happy the day be- fore, now he was sick at heart. He felt a revulsion going on within himself. Dannj Casey, weakling. Unable to stand a little puff of smoke. Chicken- hearted, lady-like, he could hear the fellows chiding him for his failing. He remembered that solemn injunction of Captain Jim, " A fireman who can ' t eat smoke is of no use to the depart- ment. " He had been tested and failed on the job! ( And at a little two-by- four fire.) After all these years of long- ing and studying, he would have to re- sign ! The very thought of giving up his ambition seemed to burn his soul. Captain Waters noticed the melan- choly and sorrow of the youth, but was unable to get at the reason. Like the shrewd old man that he was, however, he made a very good guess and hast- ened to assure Danny that even the best of the men sometimes get " put out " at a fire. But Danny could not be con- soled and he lost the youthful pep and enthusiasm which had marked his en- trance into the fire-fighting game. The weeks lengthened into months and En- gine 4 was resting easy with no con- flagrations to make things miserable. Danny Casey was still a member of the companj but the men only knew it when he answered to his name at roll- call. His first fall had made him mo- rose and even his attraction to Captain Jim seemed to lessen. Night had spread its protecting cloak over the City of St. Francis and all was quiet in the quarters of Engine 4. Danny Casey had the " night watch " and as he paced the floor he glanced at the wall-clock and observed that the midnight hour was nearly due. THE REDWOOD 191 He walked to the back of the house, seated himself on a stool and picked up a newspaper. He did no reading as just then the rhythmic banging of the gong- commanded his attention. He counted the strokes, then looked at the chart. " Due on a second alarm, eh! ' " he half- murmured. " Bad place at this time of night! " He turned to go back to his paper, but before he was in the chair the hammer tolled off the second alarm. ' ' Inside ! ' ' shouted Danny with his hand to his mouth as he banged on the sliding-poles. The men needed no second invitation and soon were swarm- ing down the poles like bees. In a mo- ment the apparatus shot out the door with the street lighted by the glare of the distant blaze. " Looks like the glass-works. Cap, " one of the men bellowed to Captain Jim Waters as that worthy clanged the bell with one hand and buttoned his coat with the other. " You ' re just about right, Barney, " the captain shouted back, " and it ' s an ill omen. Remember the oil company is right next door! " Danny Casey heard the conversation, but said nothing and only pulled his helmet tighter on his head. The fore- cast was correct. The glass-works seemed doomed as the great flames shot from the massive structure and seemed to play tag with the heavens. As the apparatus dashed up to the building it was met by a wild exciting figure whose white helmet stamped him a battalion chief. " Four Engine this way, " he indicated, pointing to a high- pressure hydrant at the corner. Then he spoke with an air of authority to Captain Waters, " Hold the oil company side, Jim, or the whole works is ticketed for the lower regions. " The hose was connected, pulled into the building and in a jerk the fuming water was being poured into the mass of swirling flame and smoke. Danny Casey had his customary place behind Captain Jim and his spirit seemed to return as he thought of the great responsibility that was placed on Engine 4. " We ' ll show them, eh Cap? " he whispered to Waters, but the Cap- tain heard him not, being too intent on keeping up the splendid reputation of his Company. The fire was veering to- ward the east side. Danny felt himself getting hotter. Instinctively, he was of a mind to back away. This thought was dispelled by Captain Jim who mumbled, " Lead in, men " and advanced slowly toward the seething furnace. Danny held the line with one arm while he pulled his coat-collar around his ears. The smoke was beginning to bother him. Captain Jim and the other two men seemed unaffected. Their example bolstered the spirits of Danny. The heat became more intense and the smoke doubled and trebled in vol- ume and then became everything. Still the quartet hung doggedly on. I ap- tain Jim was almost " done for " . " Don ' t let it pass, boys, don ' t let it — " and the next moment he fell back from the flames in a heap. One of the other men advanced to Water ' s place. Danny suddenly remembered his water-soaked smoke-sponge to place over his mouth to allow him to breathe. He felt in his pockets in vain ; he had left it drying at quarters. His mouth was full of smoke; his lips were parched and he thought he had lost his throat. He be- gan to doze, but he was startled by a thud as another of his comrades struck the floor. Danny could not see but he put out his hand and felt one other man holding the hose with him. He touched 192 THE REDWOOD the man ' s face ; it was hot and raw like a piece of beef. He began to mumble a prayer but it was entirely a mental act ; throat and tongue refused to function. His intellect became clogged. He found his speech and commenced shouting. " Don ' t let it pass, boys, don ' t let it pass, " he cried in a pleading voice. Then the lights went out and Danny re- membered not a thing. Once again the nice, neat hospital bed, but this time Danny required more than fresh air. Pure oxygen adminis- tered by a trio of experienced physici- ans was the only thing that brought him back to life. Then Danny woke up and a broad smile played across his clean-cut features. The Chief was at his side. " Put it there, young fellow, " he said, extend- ing his hand. " You ' re what I call a smoke-eater. It ' s a good thing we got in there with the high pressure lines or I ' m afraid you wouldn ' t be doing much smiling right now. ' ' Danny took the Chief ' s hand and smiled a bigger smile. Then the smile turned to a look of wor- ry and concern and he said to the Chief, " Is Cap ' n Jim all right, Chief? " The chief pointed to the adjoining room, but before he could reply the words came back, " Don ' t let it pass, boys, don ' t let it pass! " And a moment later Captain Jim Waters and Fireman Danny Casey were hugging each other like a pair of schoolgirls and ' tis said by someone, that more than one tear fell from the Chief ' s smoke-worn eyes. Consolation DONALD J. PIERR H, woeful pains tKat rack and tear my soul, You are of demon ' s own design. Let tissued lips o ' erlap tKe frosty bowl, Of Proserpina ' s luscious wine. For life is writKing torture now for me; Mo cause have I to stay sucK doom, When breatK and thought can softly silent flee This ever misery shaken tomb. Ah, is there place where misery fades like mist Of eve before the wafting wind; And dreary shadows melt when sunshine kissed? Dear God! My very heart is blind. I doubt! How could He not give aid, I ask . . Despair comes creeping in my soul To aid grim molten melancholy ' s task And claim his ever gruesome toll. Then sudden as the burst of Spring Sweet grace i n torrents floods my heart And holy Faith the angels bring And pluck away the poisoned dart. Lo, now I dream I ' m borne away And lulled in sleep ' neath dewy bower Of rose and rainbows swept in spray. Dear God of Peace and Love and Power. The Water Carrier John M. Burnett ELIPE sat in one chair; Father Rafael, in his brown Franciscan robes, sat in the other across the table. They sat in the shade, of course, which, since the after- noon was late, had crept round to the western end of the patio. The priest had come only a moment or so before; his slender white nostrils quivered as he breathed, and his broAv, fringed with straiorht white hair, was moist. Don Felipe had been in the patio all day. In Felipe there was some sugges- tion of the invalid ; he lay rather limp- ly in his chair, though the warmth of the June sun might have explained that. Still, his eyes seemed heavy lid- ded, and his mouth, not firm. But Don Felipe was larger than usual for a Spaniard, and he had lived but half his span. There was red wine in a glass upon the table, but Felipe had not tasted it since the morning. The sun had heated it, and the wine had diffused a subtle odor, so that Don Felipe closed his eyes, and imagined that he stood in a hill vineyard in September. But the odor eluded one after a time, for there were tropical flowers about the patio, very heavily scented. The shadows among the leaves were green. Untellable col- ors bloomed along a jungle creeper, with enormous shining leaves ; one fan- cied that the bird songs sprang from these flowers; as if the poetry of their beauty endowed them with voice. The heat quivered the leaves of a walnut, gleaming bronzely; there was a haze around it like a delicate cobweb. The sound of the heat, not unlike that of distant bees, filled the silence. There were long silences between the fragments of convereation of Felipe and the monk. Yet it was as if they held spiritual converse that broke but occa- sionally into audibility; like « stream that is hidden through long woodland windings, but glides occasionally into the sunlight of a green valley. " The garden is very peaceful, " said Father Rafael. And it was a sincere ejaculation. The old man ' s words fell upon Fe- lipe ' s spirit like white petals. " I am peaceful, " he replied, " . . . . now. I think I am quite content for the moment. " " Va! For the moment? " Father Rafael wagged his finger with a little smile. " Do not speak so. You are not old — although you have, indeed, a grey hair or two by your temple there. Tse ! Tse! More than two, I fear! But come — surely you can find more than a moment of peace in so fair a place. " Don Felipe smiled. " Perhaps — if you would stay here more than a mo- ment. ' ' There was an interval. When Felipe spoke again his manner was serious. " If you were to sit here all day, Padre . . . and alone, I don ' t think you would find it peaceful . . . I have not. " THE REDWOOD 195 Father Rafael did not answer. He watched a crimson bird bathing in the tepid water of the fountain. Felipe continued. " T am weary from only following that shadow there, and it has traversed scarcely a dozen stones all day. " Father Rafael shook his head. " No, no, my child, " he said. " The shadow has not wearied you; not so slight a thing as a shadow. Ah ! Tse ! Tse ! Tse ! I am afraid you have a little trouble up here, " and he tapped his forehead with a long finger. " Come, tell me of it. Have I not hit upon it . . . eh? " The monk leaned forward, placed his arms upon the table, and clasped his hands. Don Felipe stared into the wine. " Or perhaps it is here, " said the priest, placing his white hand upon the breast of his robe . . . " eh ? " " My father once loved a little nina . . . Dolores. That was in Spain, of course, and many years ago. " Father Rafael parted his hands in amazement. " Well? " said he. " And what is that to me and to thee? " Felipe lifted the wine glass to his lips and drank while Father Rafael waited. He shrugged his shoulders. " I also, " he answered, " love this Dolores — now and then. " Father Rafael expended a prodigious effort in the pursuit of a fly that buzzed about his head. Felipe let his brown eyes wander stupidly. The stir- ring of leaves, and the trickling of the fountain were painfully loud. The perspiration started upon the brow of the monk. " Of all the confes- sions that I have ever heard ! " he mur- mured. " Why, Felipe, my son, all that must be forty years past and gone ! ' ' Father Rafael said an Ave Maria under his breath. " I am afraid, then, that I am mad, " said Felipe, " . . . now and then. " A nervous smile revealed his teeth for half a moment. " I am your Confessor, " said Father Rafael. " Tell me of it. " Don Felipe leaned back in his chair and flung out his hand. " Well, my Padre, " he said, " it is only this. When this fit, this madness comes upon me, my father ' s Lola — Dolores — lives again. Visions? No, no, padre, I never see her — never have. Yet she is real to me, nevertheless, and I love — nothing? Who knows? " Felipe rested his chin in his hand and cocked his head somewhat wearily at the sky. " Still, padre, I cannot rid myself of the dillusion. Indeed, I have no desire of it then, for, as I said, she seems very real. At times I fancy that she has just kissed me, and that I feel the impress upon my cheek. I seem to have memories of her; I am always up- on the instant of a tryst with her. She is a creature of yesterday and to-mor- row. It is idle to pursue her ; it is — madness. ' ' The shadow of the tiled ridge began to march across the stones of the patio. Felipe ' s head lay upon the table as if he were asleep. Father Rafael sat with pursed lips and folded hands. There was little that he could say, and at any rate Don Felipe was falling asleep. After a space, the monk arose, blessed him, and his sandals whispered across the patio. Upon the threshold he turned and hesitated. ' ' Tan pobre ! Tan pobre ! Miserere ! ' ' he murmured. At sundown a servant crossed the patio and the swish of her dresses awakened Don Felipe. He lay as he had slept, listening to the thousand lit- 196 THE REDWOOD tie sounds that are born in the silence of the evening. The fountain hardly lived for it was the dry season of the year, yet Felipe could hear it trickling very loudly ; it was as if someone were dropping pesos upon the stones — one after the other — one after the other. There were a hundred voices among the dry grass in the comers of the patio and under the leaves. The entire casa seemed to speak — and scarcely in whis- pers. In a chink in a stone — somewhere — a cricket screamed — now — and now — and now. Don Felipe wished that the wind had not died, so that he might hear the euca- lyptus ' along the creek with their loud metallic clamor. In April the fountain made a great, pleasant noise, and these other sounds were overwhelmed. Felipe wished that it were April. The foun- tain was still dripping; the drops, he noticed, had worn a hole in the stone, Felipe shuddered to think how long one should have to listen while that drip-drop — drip-drop, over and over and over, dug so large a hole in that stone. It would drive one mad. It would drive him mad if he listened — very soon. The cricket was screaming now as loud as a frog. But the cricket would not live forever, like the water. This comforted Felipe. " However, he thought it best that he should leave the patio for a space — step sharply on the stones — so that these tiny noises might die, or, anyway, that he might forget them. He took a half dozen turns ; then sud- denly stopped to listen and held his breath. His forehead was very moist. He did not move for a minute. When he caught the drip of the fountain again, he shuddered, but continued to stand upon his toes, his mouth agape. He started, as if about to run, but checked the impulse and tip-toed to his chair. He sat, trembling, leaning upon the table, his head between his fists. He heard a voice whisper, " Dolores " , and was surprised to find that it was his own. He repeated " Dolores " a number of times, stupidly. He thought it would be clever to say " Dolores " whenever the fountain dripped so that he could not hear it. Accordingly he repeated the name, again and again, till the repetition grew monotonous ; he tried to carry out the scheme again, but he would forget to say " Dolores " and he would listen to the drip-drop of the fountain. After a time he began to wander about the corridor and through the casa ; when he would peer into the dusk of a room he would murmur " Do- lores " half-heartedly. But he came into the patio frequently, and stood on tip- toes to listen. When Don Felipe came out of the casa into the fields the sky in the east was silver-blue ; but the west was a bright green; it was scarcely dusk yet, and it was very warm. Along the creek there were trees, and there were birds who called now and then, irregularly. This irregularity pleased Don Felipe. But the screaming of the crickets — and there were millions in the dry fields — was loud and rang above all the other voices like a bell over the din of the ocean. Felipe did not have to stop to hear it. He ran with all his might through the white, dead, rattling grass. When Felipe had exhausted himself, he cast himself down among the stalks and remembered Dolores. He wondered why he had not found Dolores ; perh aps he had not expected to find her — he THE REDWOOD 197 could scarcely remember. At any rate, he was fairly certain that Dolores was involved in his being out among the weeds at dusk. He thought he had best return to the easa, to Dolores. Then he became conscious of the crickets again ; he started up and ran toward the creek, which he could hear purling along among the willows and the long roots. He stopped upon the gravel under- neath an oak. Hardly a minute passed when he felt the pulsant beat of the water. Felipe thought that it would be useless to scream unless he could scream forever. He had not thought once to kill himself — merely thought of Dolores and of the sounds. A girl with a water jar descended the sloping bank opposite, her bare feet scarcely stirring a stone upon the white shoal. Felipe watched her approach, breathless; she carried the urn upon her shoulder, her arms above her head to hold it ; the contour of her figure was graceful. The creek was narrow; when the girl noticed Felipe in the twi- light, Felipe could see her eyes under her loose hair; he drank of their pla- cidity. The girl ' s breast was fright- ened, but Felipe was not aware of it ; only the agitation of her nostrils told that she breathed. Felipe thought that she must be very great to have such placid eyes while the night was so feverish with noise. . . . But it was quite quiet now. . . He listened for the crickets, but the eyes of the girl held his senses, so that he could hear nothing. He knew that he had been gazing thus for a long time. . . . Suddenly Felipe turned and fled, stumbling, up the bank. Carmenita, the daughter of Juan Hernandez, was of Spanish blood — but much diluted. Nor was she, indeed, ex- ceedingly beautiful, despite the sombre radiance of her large brown eyes. Don Felipe was a nobleman, and being a Castilian, he was a nobleman among the nobles. Yet he loved Carmenita Her- nandez, and married her, although pro- per Senoritas do not go down to the creek for water — and barefoot. Upon the evening of their wedding. Father Rafael and Don Felipe sat in the patio over a glass or so of wine. There was a silence in the patio, a very sweet silence. " And — Dolores, " said the priest earnestly, " — what of her? " Felipe smiled. " Tut, Padre. " And he wagged his finger. " That is past. We cannot have jealousies in the fam- ily, you know. " The Poet Dying ROBERT E. SHIELDS UTANIST. be still at last: Heaven will not heed tkee. SerapKim Kath song enough: Heaven will not need thee. Having found the Soul of Song, Wilt thou sing -shamelessly? The poet answers: " Nay! Upon the Godward wind Soul of me and song will move, Wistful-winged, each to find. Song her singer, soul her love. " Pity me on mortal wing, Scythedly star-gathering. If I garnered dust, it were Silver from God ' s winnowing. " For the dust of wasted song Lyric stars have sorrowing, Down the lunisickled swath, Thrilling ' neath God ' s garnering. ■ ' Lo! The Sower of Song shall be Master of the garnery. ' Silver sheaves Beatas bring. " Chaff of God ' s bright flagelling Silver is, and song to me, Though the heavenly canticling Is a sweet, diviner thing. " God hath harvest — I must glean Song dust where His scythings lean. " Christ will love my love more strong: Christ will kiss my lips of Song. " PUBLISHED BY THE STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF SANTA CLARA EDITORIAL STAFF EDITOR-IN-CHIEF CHRONICLE LAW ENGINEERING ALUMNI ... ALUMNI CORRESPONDENTS EXCHANGES ATHLETICS ... BUSINESS MANAGER CIRCULATION BUSINESS STAFF MARTIN M. MURPHY, ' 22 GEORGE L. HANEBERG, ' 23 JOHN A. LOGAN, ' 22 GUNLEK O. ABRAHAMSEN, ' 24 r J. THOMAS CROWE, ' 22 I EDWIN E. DRISCOLL, ' 24 Dr. A. T. LEONARD, JR. ' 10 1 MARTIN V. MERLE, ' 06 GEORGE D. PANCERA, ' 22 J. WILLIS MOLLEN, ' 23 J. PAUL REDDY, ' 22 THOS. J. BANNAN, ' 23 FRANCIS E. SMITH, ' 24 JOHN M. BURNETT, ' 2S FRANK A. RETHERS, ' 22 ROBERT E. SHIELDS, ' 24 Address all communications to THE REDWOOD, University of Santa Clara, Santa Clara, California. Terms of subscription, SI. 00 a year; single copies 25 cents EDITORIAL Good-bye is a hard word future holds for Alma Mater. In spite Good-bye to say. It is often ac- companied by a lump in the throat and an eye that glistens sus- piciously. Poets have made it the theme of their most touching verses for the thought of parting from old friends and old ties inevitably brings a tug to the heart-strings even of the most un- sentimental. In a few days we will say good-bye to Santa Clara. At such a time it is natural to grow reminiscent — to look back over the year ' s labors to see what has been accomplished. In the athletic line 1921-22 can be re- garded as a hopeful augury of what the of discouraging odds and weighty ob- stacles a very creditable team repre- sented the Red and White on the grid- iron last fall. The basketball team, handicapped by the necessity of prac- ticing in a cracker box gymnasium, met and vanquished some of the best teams in the state. The baseball team, likewise, made a good showing. But the most hopeful indication for success of succeeding years was the spirit of the players and their willing- ness to turn out under inauspicious cir- cumstances — it shows that the never- say-die spirit, and the spirit of sacri- fice still lives in the institution whose 200 THE REDWOOD birth and continued existence was the result of perseverence and unselfish sacrifice. May that spirit never cease. In a scholastic way the year was a profitable one — the spirit of study among all classes was marked. As a climax to the year ' s successful efforts came the Centennial Celebration with the Mission Play and other features — a triumph which will live long in the his- tory of Santa Clara. When the last handclasps is loosened and the last good-bye is said the thought that the future is laden with promise — that the dawn of a new and better day is near at hand for Santa Clara, should assuage the natural feel- ing of sorrow that attends the parting farewell. For East is East and Passive West is West Opposition And never the twain shall meet. Gandhi, the mystic leader of India ' s sullen masses might well adopt Kip- ling ' s passage as his motto. For it is the purpose of the movement he initi- ated to completely divorce the east from all tracer of occidental civiliza- tion. To this end he has declared a boy- cott on all manufactures, foods, dress, form of government, and in short every conceivable thing which is not distinct- ly oriental in its flavor. His ideal is India for the Indians, and the quicker the old customs and civilization of his country are returned to their former vigor the better it will be for India. Of course, there is much to be said in favor of British rule in this country of ignorance and vice and disease, still one cannot but sympathize with the pa- thetic, ascetic figure of this frail slip of a man whose burning zeal and master- ful personality has earned for him among his people the reputation of a miracle man. And, indeed, his achievement has been little short of miraculous. He has secured the confidence of all the bit- terly opposed religious factions, he has united the contentious castes into a nation in which his word is law. No violence enters his warfare — silence and non-cooperation are the watch- words of his campaign. The British masters can meet force with force, but this passive form of opposition has baf- fled them and rendered their attack helpless. And so the world sits back and watches this remarkable leader in his unique and novel attempt of freeing India, and perhaps chuckles a bit to see a simple, physically insignificant man defy one of the strongest powers of the world. It is a case of material press- ure against spiritual force. The out- come will prove interesting. Modern Spiritualism Sir Arthur Conan Doyle has announced that there is a heaven — that the soul is immortal, — and the grave is not its goal. The discovery came as a result of various tete-a-tetes between Sir Arthur and several astral bodies who had visited the Great Be- yond, and took mental notes of its dif- ferent characteristics and geographical peculiarities — all of which they enum- erated to him in detail. Many old fashioned people always did suspect that such a place as heaven existed, and that the soul was immortal. In fact if Sir Arthur had gone back even as far as the first dawn of history, he would find but very few who did not subscribe to the selfsame doctrine in THE REDWOOD 201 one form or another. All of these peo- ple did not demand direct, tangible evi- dence on which to base their belief, but by proper use of their reason they came to conclude with Plato and the other old Greek philosophers that life after death must be a fact. After the year 32 A. D. rather con- vincing proof was afforded the world of the truth of Sir Arthur ' s conclusion when One far greater than he gave glo- rious testimony of the fact on the first Easter morning. But evidently Sir Ar- thur is not satisfied with a proof which has its origin in the distinct hazy past — quite probably he concluded as did another prominent contemporary who recently branched out frpm the pursuit that won him fame — that history is ' ' all bunk " . Sir Arthur predicts that within fifty years " spiritualism will sweep the world and take the place of the religion of today — a religion which has long been decaying and is becoming a mere formality. ' ' Granting that Sir Arthur is sincere and that he has actually had commuui- cation with these incarnate bodies, one could well question his prudence and philosophical acumen in relying on their testimony to found a religion, especially a religion which he claims is destined " to sweep the world " . We can know what a thing is from what it does — a good tree brings forth good fruit. Viewed in this light, Sir Arthur ' s ethereal messengers cannot be called good. Invariably the mediums through whom they make known their revela- tions are steeped in immorality and vice and every day it is becoming more ap- parent that its votaries eventually lose the use of the reason God gave them that they might the better ren- der Him their service. Is it not clear that such effects could not follow from a good cause? It would be anamolous indeed if the human race should abandon a religion based on such firmly substantiated facts as is Christianity to espouse a cult whose tenets rest on the shaky and ethereal testimony of spooks. As to the religion of today decaying the same charge has been hurled at Mother Church ever since Christ build- ed it on a rock which He promised would never decay, and it has with- stood innovations in religious thought beside which Sir Arthur ' s latest " ism " seems weak indeed. As a writer of detective stories Sir Arthur is without a peer. But had he used no better reasoning and deduction in producing his very entertaining fic- tion than he has in establishing his idea of heaven, it is doubtful if he would be known outside of his home town. Sherlock Holmes is much more logi- cal and clever in working out clues and solving mysteries than is his author parent in solving the greatest mystery of all. Perhaps it is because he has no such able assistant as Watson and his needle. Radio It would be interesting if Sir Arthur could in- veigle back to earth at this time the shades of those early col- onists who laughed out loud when they were asked to help finance the inven- tion which, it was claimed, could carry the human voice over wires for a dist- ance of several miles. One can ima- gine tlfie expression which would flit over their astral faces were they to sit near a radio and listen to a watch which ticked somewhere half way around the globe. In this age of invention it seems that 202 THE REDWOOD anything can happen. As sister grum- bles over washing the dishes before she goes out to the movies the dulcet tones of the world ' s greatest baritone may be flooding the kitchen with the strains of " Home, Sweet Home, " or as father knocks the ashes from his pipe on to the parlor carpet, he may be lislening to an erudite lecture on interior decoi ' - ating. Its possibilities are limitless. In time it may replace the telephone and phono- graph, just as the automobile has re- placed the horse and buggy, or the printing press has replaced the writing by hand. When developed, the radio will advance to a marvelous degree the material happiness and culture of the world. It is interesting to speculate on whether it will have the effect of keep- ing our jazz and cabaret loving popula- tion closer to the fireside, or whether they will continue to pursue the bubble of pleasure in the same old haunts. Some maintain that people will find sufficient entertainment in listening to a musical program or a lecture or some other form of vocal pleasure as carried to them by this wonderful mechanism, while others maintain that like every- thing else, the novelty of it will soon wear off and while the older people and invalids may stay in and listen, the rest of the family will be out in search of greater excitement than the radio can furnish. Could our harried purveyors of amusement know that the latter were the true speculation, they would individually and collectively, heave a sigh of relief. For the radio has them worried. Anyway, science can do no more by way of facilitating the communication of speech from distant points than the radio. To go farther they would have to do away with all mechanical appa- ratus. It is difficult to imagine thoughts flitting from one place to an- other without the medium of words at least. And then if our thoughts could be read that easily it would be an em- barrassing world to live in. The radio has gone far enough. ARTHUR J. SAXE, ' 24. AS DON LUIS CASTANARES THE MISSION PLAY OF SANTA CLARA " Ollfromrl (HMtQt Mission The " Mission Play of p. Santa Clara " , written y and directed by Martin V. Merle, an alumnus, and played en- tirely by members of the Student Body, was attended by huge throngs during " ] Iission Week " . P ' ive night perform- ances and a matinee gave the people ample opportunity to witness this mas- terpiece. Prominent newspaper critics throughout the state were unanimous in lauding the success of this drama. Far be it, then, from the writer to add to or detract from what has been writ- ten about the staging of this master- piece. Although it is not the practice of this department to print excerpts from various dailies, yet we believe that it would be proper at this time so as to give the readers of our periodical some idea of how the ' ' Mission Play of Santa Clara " was received by some of the most scrutinizing critics of the metro- politan dailies. « " The play itself, with its three acts and epilogue, is given in a beautiful spirit of reverence and earnestness by the students who make up the entire cast. They are telling the story of their mission, dear to them through tradition and association, and in that spirit the production is far more than a mere the- atrical performance. The difference between professional acting and the genuine amateur production is excel- lently illustrated. Professional finish might be brought to a higher degree by trained actors, although the Santa Clara students do work that a profes- sional would by no means be ashamed of — but of far more value and signifi- cance is the love of the play and its meaning, that illuminates every role from Padre Jose to the last Indian. " — San Francisco Chronicle. " A great play amazingly well pro- duced. Stage settings of unusual beau- ty. Acting of a sort seldom seen out- side the professional stage. " See it by all means. You will cer- tainly be pleased beyond all expecta- tion. " — San Jose Mcrcury-nerald. " The enthusiastic reception of the play proved the histrionic ability of the incumbent student body in handling the romantic and stirring drama which had its initial presentation at the Uni- versity in 1913. " Packed to the doors, the University theater where Martin V. Merle ' s histor- ical drama of the old Franciscan Mis- sion of St. Clare received its 1922 pro- duction tonight, represented in its au- dience the genealogical history of the Santa Clara Valley. " — San Francisco Examiner. ' ' The whole play is a page torn from the romantic history of the early fif- ties. " — San Francisco Daily News. « " The Mission Play has beauty. It has lightness, the swing of La Golodri- na and the mournful chant at vespers, an exquisite ending of the first act. " Santa Clara is to be congratulated upon its spirit of collaboration, its sense of beauty put into reality, and, with great emphasis, upon its warm hospital- ity that is the real heart of California. " — Sayi Francisco Call-Post. " The Mission Play of Santa Clara " was destined for success from its very inception, conceived as it was in the 204 THE REDWOOD heart of a school boy who carried his dream of glorifying his Alma Mater in- to the world to bring it back later erys- talized in the form of a play depicting the story of the one mission round which the college grew. " Martin Merle dedicated his play to the college he loved and the extent of his devotion is evidenced by the fact that he unhesitatingly promised that the expression of his genius should never be shown outside the college walls. Last night, however, showed that isolation is no bar to perfection for in no slightest detail of production did the play lack the artistry that makes the theatre the print of the mind. " — San Francisco Bulletin. May Devotions May is the month of Our Lady. During this period the Student Body, in its own meek and humble way, pays special devotions to Our Blessed Virgin Mary. Devotions were inaugu- rated on Apirl 30, when Reverend Father President addressed the Student Body in the Chapel. The Chaplain, Reverend Father Dee- ney, outlined a very pleasing program which consists of a short eulogy to be delivered each evening by a member of the upper classes. The Freshman and Sophomore classes, have each chosen a representative for these exercises. The program is as follows : Auxilium Christianorum. Oro Pro Nobis, Thomas Crowe. Blessed Virgin and the Irish, John F. O ' Shea. The Miraculous Medal, John A. Lo- gan. Our Lady of Martyrs, Frank A. Rethers. Mary and the Explorers, Louis Tra- bueco. Mary Honored in Japan, Porter Kerekhoff. The Scapular, John B. Coughlan. Devotion to Mary in Italy, Alfred Ferrario. The Patroness of the U. S. A., Ed- ward Kenney. Devotion to Mary in North America, John T. Lewis. Our Lady of Lourdes, Henry E. Baker. Our Lady of Guadalupe, Enrique Li- nares. Mary and Santa Clara, Charles R. Boden. Mary and England, George L. Hane- berg. Our Lady of the Rosary, Jas. Con- nors. The Blessed Virgin and Spain, Gun- lek Abrahamsen. Our Lady of Good Counsel, Gerald Culleton. The Blessed Virgin and Canada, George Fosdyke. Our Lady Honored by Protestant Poets, Ignatius Carney. Queen of Our Student Body, Rever- end Father President. ' Passion After a lapse of sixteen •Passion vears, the y " Play of Santa Clara " , written by Clay M. Greene, an old alumnus of the institution, will be pre- sented early next Spring, according to announcement given by Reverend Father President. The drama will be directed by Martin V. Merle, author of the " Mission Play of Santa Clara " . There are about thirty-six speaking parts to the Passion Play, and includ- ing the Ensemble there will be more than a hundred participants in the play. The last time it was staged was in 1907, when it was directed by Mar- tin V. Merle. _ . _ . Every member of the Body Banquet g udent Body, both Student preparatory and col- lege departments, was feasted royally and liberally in the college refrectory on Wednesday evening. May 10. The " big feed " was tendered by Reverend Father President in appreciation of the work that the students rendered during " Mission Week " and in making the Centenary Celebration a complete sue- THE REDWOOD 205 Professor George L. Sullivan, Dean of the Engineering Department and Chairman of the Centenary Celebra- tion, praised the students for the won- derful spirit and cooperation manifest- ed. Ilis ringing speech was followed 1).y that of Father President, who also lavished words of praise upon the Stu- dent Body. The boys then " fell to " and while the gastronomical organs were in oper- ation, latest jazz selections were thrown in for good measure by " Turk " Bedol- la ' s syneopators. Award of Blocks Immediately after the close of the baseball sea- son, the Student Body met in the collep ' e auditorium for the purpose of awarding " S. C. " emblems to those who had fulfilled the provi- sions for basketball and baseball. The following men were awarded blocks: John Vukota of Livermore, Monsieur Willis Mollen of San Rafael, Michael C. Dunne of Spokane, Wash., and David Clancey of San Francisco. Caesar Manelli, a Methuselah as far as college competition is concerned, was awarded a gold baseball souvenir. In accordance with a House custom so prevalent in the lower body of the Literary Congress, the House of Phil- historians held its annual banquet at the Hotel Montgomery on Tuesday eve- ning, May 25. Arthur Saxe presided as toastmaster, and during the evening ' s merry-mak- ing called upon the members who re- sponded with a story or a bit of humor. During the course of the hilarity. J. McGinty, a popular Santa Claran of by- gone days gave several vocal selections, and as all musical gatherings are in- complete without real jazz, " Turk " Bedolla, assisted ably by his men, prom- inent amouG ' them being " Stud " Pierr and " Andy " Anderson, gave the Phil- historians several jazzy selections. Speeches were rendered by Raymond McCauley, " The House in the Past " ; John M. Burnett, " The House in the Future " ; and in fitting conclusion Rev. Father Menager gave those in attend- ance some bits of good advice on life. Going back in a spirit of retrospec- tion, the House, led by Reverend Father Deeney, its Moderator, has dur- ing the past year accomplished a great deal. The members put up a bold fight in the Ryalnd debate and in other activ- ities around the campus gave their whole-hearted support and cooperation. _ . One of the most active Sanctuary organizations in the society University in the past semester has been the Sanctuary Soci- ety. Though seemingly insignificant in size the deficiency is made up by the spirit of the members. Regular meet- ings of interest have been held month- ly wherein all transaction of business has been concluded by vigorous discus- sions, tiresome routine being conspicu- ous by its absence. The service at the Altar also im- proved through the earnestness of the entire personnel. This was especially evident during the Mission Week, when the entire altar society assisted at the solemn high open air mass. There was much talk about holding a picnic this year as a wind-up of events but the Celebration and the proximity of repetitions offset the plans. It is the determination of the society in fu- ture years to establish tlie custom of an outing eveiy year and, if the stand- ard of the organization is maintained, this desire will be a reality. Last week the usual group picture was taken with the Mission church as a background. Mission Crusade Throughout the country a new and interesting undertaking has been launched in the organization of a Cath- olic Students Mission Crusade. On the Pacific Coast several units have been formed, one in each of the various Cath- olic Colleges. Santa Clara has been asked to organize a unit, and the spirit 206 THE REDWOOD of Santa Clara will not permit us to refuse. The object of the organization is to interest Catholic students in mission endeavors and to promote the interests of home and foreign missions. There are only three requirements necessary to attain this noble object; occasional good works, a daily prayer, and a word asking friends to do the same. God will be pleased with our simple efforts, and besides gaining individual blessing, we will enlist His help in mission work. With God ' s help nothing more is needed. Without good works we are lost. Let us do a little more than merely enough to get by. What small effort it will cost us will be rewarded as no earthly gift would please. The greatest and noblest work is the saving of souls. A meeting will soon be held, officers elected, and a wonderful work will have been be?un. Through the guidance J. D. S. of our president, and the cooperation of the officers, the year 1921 and 1922 shall be remembered as a banner period for the Junior Dramatic Society. Every debate, essay and reading v as prepared and the progress made was most encouraging. Never before had such keen interest been shown and let us hope this same spirit shall continue for future years. Roll call found present: Messrs. A. Ackel, Anderson, Barrett, Brescia, Buckley, Callan, Carter, Collins, Daily. Dean, Egan, Flynn, J. Flynn, Ford, Geoghegan, Giambastiani, Glynn, Hal- loran, Haley, Hook, Janney, Karam, Koch, Kranzthor, Landman, Mally, P. Martin. V. Martin, Maloney. McCor- mick. Miller, Morrison. Neely, Noek. O ' Brien, O ' Malley, Randazzo, Sanchez, Smith, Stivers, Temple, Tvromey, White, Whitfield and Younn;-. held on April 29, 1922, in the banquet room of the Hotel Montgomery. Santa Clara pennants and streamers were draped about and gave a colorful ap- pearance to the room in which a perfect year received a most befitting close. The banquet itself was an occasion that will long be remembered by the mem- bers of the J. D . S. After the banquet, Toastmaster George W. Geoghegan remarked that interest shown by the J. D. S. this year surpassed by far that of previous years and that 1921-1922 shall go down in the annals of history as a banner year for the J. D. S. Albert D. Halloran, E. Ogden Hook, E. O ' Malley and Jack D. Haley, like- wise addressed those present on the value and necessity of public speaking. Carlton D. Young, in behalf of the members from the lower classes pledged their loyal and sincere support to up- hold the record of the society. He also dwelt deeply upon the fact that next year is the Golden Jubilee of the J. D. S., a distinction that very few High School debating organizations through- out the country enjoy. Honorable James P. Sex, first day- scholar of the J. D. S., closed by recall- ing the names of famous men who spent their early years in the J. D. S. and afterwards became noted orators of the country. Banquet The forty-nintli nnnunl banquet of the Junior Dramatic Society was The second annual prize Prize Debate debate of the Junior Dramatic Society was held on tlie evening prior to the ban- quet. The debate was originated by the of- ficers of last year to cultivate enthusi- asm amongst the J. D. S. members. A prize of ten dollars is offered ; two dol- lars and a half to each member of the winning side and two dollars and a half to the best speaker of the evenin ?. Various questions were considered for this year ' s debate. The question cliosen was one of particular import- ance especially to us Calif ornians and read as follows; Resolved, that the THE REDWOOD 207 Japanese should be prohibited from holding land in California. The affirmative was upheld by Messrs. Jack Flynn, Rafael Sanchez and James Brescia, while the negative was upheld by Messrs. Prank Smith, Daniel Buckley and Ernest McCormick. The affirmative, through brilliant oratory, pictured the Japanese culti- vating, possessing in fact owning some of our proudest possessions. The Japa- nese have their own educational insti- tution in this country and rear their children to be true to their flag and country. The negative in turn showed the vast industrial opportunities that an American may enjoy in Japan. His life, property and liberties are safe- guarded by the government and evei ' y industrial and commercial opportunity is offered him with the greatest induce- ments. The Japanese officials realize what the presence of an American means to them and as long as he abides by their laws he is always welcome. When the question had been thor- oughly debated the judges retired and after carefiil consideration awarded the decision to the affirmative. Mr. Rafael Sanchez was chosen best speaker of the evening. The winners of this year ' s Ryland debate, Francis O ' Shea, Thomas Crowe, and John Logan, members of the Sen- ate Debating team, acted as judges for the occasion. ffiam As the month of May Finis speeds by, a new spirit has crept into the law school. More study and less play seems to be the motto of everyone. To the student who has his finger at the pulse of college activities, this can mean but one thing — examinations in the off- ing. The student in the Institute of Law is faced at the end of the year, with a two-fold obstacle. The first comes in the form of a written exami- nation, which is the cause often times of premature old age, to the disciple of Blackstone, and the second is the oral, ex ' s, the " pons asinorum " to the ones who come unprepared. Let us hope that when the last, lingering, langorous day of May has departed, it will leave behind the memory of successful accom- plishment, and that the old saying " finis coronat opus " will apply to all the members of the Institute of Law, for with it will come that contentment and peace of mind, which always fol- lows the conscientious accomplishment of a task well done. The perturbation so plainly expressed on the faces of our worthy third year men the other evening was a source of wonderment to the relatively care-free members of the second year class. After a very brief examination into the cause of this untoward anxiety so plainly written on their usually placid — might I say blank — countenances, it was found to be an inoffensive looking no- tice on the bulletin board setting forth the date for the next bar examinations for the middle of next month. S ' funny how sometimes a few typewritten words will cause such a deep effect on its readers, and probably a few words like these foreboding ones, was what start- ed the argument as to which was great- er, the pen or the sword, and also that which gave the pen the " edge " collo- quially speaking, even if its competitor, the sword, has a sharper edge practi- cally. First annual dance of Dance the Legal Fraternity was held on the night of April 18, and if we can be pardoned for using the term, it was a " rousing success " . The " hop " took place at the exclusive San Jose Country Club, on the outskirts of our neighboring me- tropolis. The music for the occasion was dispensed by " Turk Bedolla ' s 208 THE REDWOOD Jazzomaniacs " , and the quantity and quality of the melodious strains cer- tainly added in a great degree, to the joyousness and success of the evening. The members of the Legal Frat, except- ing a few delinquent ones, who prob- ably could not spare the time from their beloved text books, were present en masse, of course aided and abetted by some pulchritudinous maiden. The embryonic Vernon Castles ' of the " frat " had an opportunity to display their terpischorean ability, and when the time arrived for " Turk " to pound out " Home Sweet Home " , everyone pronounced the dance to be one of the most brilliant successes of the too short social calendar of the school. It might be said in passing, that if the worthy students show half the ambition and one quarter the perseverance on their respective books in preparation for the finals as they evinced tripping the light fantastic, there will be very little weeping and wailing when the lists of " flunks " is pasted on the bulletin board, shortly after the ex ' s. The fol- lowing professors and their wives acted as patrons and patronesses: Mr. and Mrs. Jas. P. Sex, Mr. and Mrs. Johnny Jones, and Mr. and Mrs. Faber John- ston. « The first year men were First Year the guests of Prof. Johnny Jones at an in- formal house party on Wednesday, May 10. It is surplusage to remark that a good time was had by all, for as all students of the Institute of Law know, Johnnj ' can " sure throw a mean party " . Professor and Mrs. Jones de- serve a vote of thanks from the stu- dents for their bounteous hospitality, and their ability to ruffle the usual decorum of the serious-minded neo- phytes of the law school. WHEREAS, Almighty Condolence God. in His Infinite Goodness and Wisdom has seen fit to call to Himself the be- loved father of our esteemed class- mate and friend, Mr. John W. Mollen; and WHEREAS, We, the members of the First Year Law Class of the University of Santa Clara desire to express our sincere sorrow and to extend our deep- est sympathy to our bereaved fellow- classman and his dear relatives in their sad affliction; BE IT RESOLVED, that these reso- lutions of condolence be the instrument of our communication, and that a copy of them be inscribed on the pages of our college magazine, " The Redwood " , and sent to the beloved relatives of the deceased. May he rest in Peace ! JOHN T. LEWIS, President, GEORGE L. HANEBERG, Secretary. lEngttt rtttg Perhaps the most inter- Lectures esting lecture offered the Society during the months of April and May consisted in treatise on the hydro- and turbo-elec- tric generator. On an invitation from the Program Committee, Mr. A. G. Jones of the General Electric Co. of San Francisco, entertained the mem- bers by an illustrated lecture. During the course of the talk he outlined very clearly the importance of the rapid ad- vances made in this project. While the scenes and plans were being projected on the screen, Mr. Jones explained all the different mechanisms and their construction also defining the princi- ples and design of the apparatus. His talk was appreciated by the members and their thanks were voiced in the closing remarks of Pres. Reddy. « The committee also arranged a few moving picture projections for the THE REDWOOD 209 meetings. The first was titled " A Ti-ip Through Panama " . This showed the actual building of the great canal. All the enormous engineering feats were pictured in detail. A special reel was also devoted to the present day operations of the accomplished wonder of the world. Another set of reels entertained the Society by an excursion through the ancient city of Havana. Here the many magnificent homes and palaces formed the background for a pleasant picture. After a tour of the city, an enormous sugar refinery held the attention while the audience journeyed through and obtained an insight of the mechanical workings of the plant. ive. In all it was a splendid evening with not a dull moment. The patrons and patronesses who helped in making the event a complete success were: Dr. and Mrs. A. G. Kemp, Mr. and Mrs. L. Fatjo, Dr. and Mrs. G. L. Sull ivan, Prof, and Mrs. W. D. Lotz and Prof, and Mrs. A. O. Evans. A goodly number of the graduate members were present for the festivi- ties and thoroughly enjoyed every min- ute of them. For the most part, they held that " their " dances were hard to beat, but to a man they were forced to reluctantly admit that this put them all in a shadow. A fair compliment to say the least. An interesting feature at the last meeting was a picture on the making of wire and cable conductors. This reel gave a description of the methods of constructing all kinds of wire from the finest strand to the conductor used in relaying messages across the ocean. Machines of the most intricate design are employed in this operation and so a valuable study was obtained in the course of the program. The lectures on the whole this year demonstrated the fact that much ben- efit is obtained in this novel and pleas- ing manner. The custom will remain and prove its worth in the future as it heis done in the past. • The annual ball turned Dance out to be the crowning function sponsored by the Society. The ballroom was gaily festooned with numerous bouquets of bright flowers and set off with Santa Clara plaques and pennants. Various colored lights from floods were brought into action, producing golden, scarlet and purple shafts of soft light. Among the novelties of the evening were the color dances, the lights, shifting from one hue to another, strikingly illumin- ating the pretty costumes of the dan- cers. The music was delightful, adding the zip that makes a dance so attract- The Engineers closed Banquet the last page of the 1921-22 volume of the Engineering Society annals on the eve- ning of May 13. It was with a satis- factory rustle that the final sheet, a testimony of the culmination of an en- joyable affair, superimposed itself up- on the other leaflets, each one a record of a successful accomplishment, of something done well. The sixth annual banquet was held at the Hotel Montgomery. From " Ripe Olives " to " Demi-tasse " it was a snap- py affair effervescing with pep, good- fellowship, fine speeches, real music (as it is dispensed by the technique of the famous BedoUa Trio), and last, but by no means least, good eats. For a banquet nothing more could be ex- pected. Just previous to the attack on the menu, the lobby of the hotel was the scene of the familiar handshaking of old friends long since departed from the immediate precincts of their Alma Mater. Nearly fifteen graduate mem- bers of the Society returned once more to join in the annual gathering. As all seated themselves at the fest- ive board, the Bedolla, Anderson and Pierr Trio demonstrated how syncopa- tion is brought about in fine style. They rendered a number of classy jazz 210 THE REDWOOD selections, much to the delight of all present. J. Paul Reddy, a worthy toastmaster, at the conclusion of the main business of the evening, called upon Robt. Guth- rie, as representative of the Freshman class, for a few words. Following his response, in which he very briefly out- lined the activities of the Freshman class, Ernest Becker of the Class of ' 24, called attention to the work of the En- gineers during the Centenary Celebra- tion. Both he and Henry Baker, of the Class of ' 23, wished all the best of luck to the Seniors. John Coughlan, speak- ing for the graduating class, thanked the members for their Avishes and cau- tioned the remaining ones to uphold the standard of the Society. Rev. Fr. Crowley, next called upon, responded with a talk on character. In his heart-to-heart effort he pointed out the absolute necessity of character based on soitnd principles in order to cope successfully with the affairs of the world. Dr. Sullivan told the graduates what was ahead of them in the world and what they had to live up to. He also described how men of ideas, worth and determination are needed in the field of engineering today. Mr. Ryder, an honorary member of the Society, also delivered a few well chosen remarks. In conclusion, Mr. Robert Sibley of San Francisco, the guest of honor of the evening, addressed the assembly. Mr. Sibley is the Vice-President of the American Society of Mechanical Engin- eers and editor of the Journal of Elec- tricity, as well as the retainer of a prominent place in the roster of suc- cessful engineers of today. In a very interesting talk on the possibilities of the young man starting out on his ca- reer, Mr. Sibley displayed charts show- ing the superiority of the Western States over the Eastern section in the matter of developing, transmitting and using electrical power. He also demon- strated the amazing fact of the growth of California and the possibilities of enormous future growth. To the Seni- ors and also the undergraduates he spoke a few words of sound advice on how they should carry themselves in after life. Mr. Sibley ' s words were deeply appreciated by the members and in consequence he was elected to hon- orary membership and presented with the pin of the Society. The session was then brought to an end. A hard stand- ard has been set for the ideals of future years and to surpass it will be the motto of the Engineers. The Engineers are Conclusion proud of their record this year. They have taken part in every activity in and about the University and set their whole heart in promoting to success every plan offered them. The term closes with the feeling that everyone has done his part in making Santa Clara paramount in its field. It has been their ideals in the past, something that prompted them to strive the hard- er and it is their watchword in the future. With this feeling and determination they retire from the scene of the ses- sion of 1921-22 confident that they have helped and that they will never cease to further the interests of their Alma Mater. Officers Prior to the annual ban- quet of the Alumni As- sociation, a short busi- ness meeting was held in which the fol- lowing officers were elected: Presi- dent, Joseph McDevitt, ' 86; Vice-Pres- ident, Dr. A. T. Leonard, Jr., ' 10; Treasurer, John Irillary, ' 11 ; Secre- tary, Errol Qi;ill, ' 15. The annual Alumni Banquet banquet was held in the old adobe building now used as the Students ' dining room at 7:00 o ' clock. May 6. This building built by the Padres and mystic with tra- ditions formed a fitting place for the gathering of the sons of Santa Clara. Especially was this true, because of the fact that the banquet was held near the close of the Santa Clara Centenary Cel- ebration and a few minutes later the Old Boys were to wend their way to that gorgeous spectacle, " The Mission Play of Santa Clara " , written by one of their own, Martin V. Merle, ' 06. The building was filled to capacity with a mixed gathering of over five hundred. This was the first time that the fair sex had been in attendance of an Alumni banquet and the feature was approved by all. Bedolla ' s Sympho-Syncopators, a college aggregation of musicians, fur- nished delightful harmonies which probably added to the high spirit of the occasion. Among the guests of honor was the Hon. Jos. Scott of Los Angeles, who gave a rousing speech and was accord- ed tremendous applause. _,. , On the evening of April " °_ . 29, the Santa Clara San Francisco lub, of San Francisco, indulged in their " Spring High Jinks " at the Hotel Buono Vista, where amid the Bohemian atmosphere of the " Lat- in Quarter " , assisted by Marquard ' s Revue, the Marimba Band and a com- mittee from the Olympic Club, the fol- lowing Santa Clarans made merry: Frank Hefferman, Harry Broderiek, John Curry, Rudolph Scholz, Harold Kelly, J. F. Foley, L. V. Degnan, John Collins, R. R. Wallace, E. V. Rosenthal, Percy Hughes, Jack Irillary, Joseph McDevit, Dr. Alex Leonard, Jr., Charles Graham, George Woolrich, Dion Holm, R. M. T. Soto, James Nealon, Fred Hoedt, Frank O ' Neil, M. T. Dooling, Jr., Ray Caverly, Paul O ' Brien, George Regan, Steve White, Frank Blake, Chauncey Tramutolo, Edw. McCarthy, Dr. R. Yoell, E. Dana, Arthur Navlet, Danilo Tadich, Edward White, Michael Brown, Bob Coward (guest of honor), Marshal Garlinger, Edward L. Leonard, R. W. Kearney, Robert E. Jeffress, Thomas E. Whelan, Walter J. O ' Brien, George Lee, Frank J. Moran, A. Pra- dere, George Wilson, James O ' Connor, Joseph Farry, Tom Robinson, W. B. Hirst, Tom Feeney, Ray Brown, Red- mond Johnson, Eugene Charles, J. L. Bradley, Charles Byrnes, Dr. Anthony Diepenbrock, Griffth Kennedy, Raine Bennet, Harry Whelan, E. V. Quill, William Muldoon, Thomas Kelly, Louis Klein, Jose R. Aurrecoechea. 212 THE REDWOOD - . , At the last meeting of Los Angeles ,,,. j , j " held Tiiesday, April 25, in the blue room of the Los Angeles Athletic Club, the following officers were elected for the ensuing year: President, J. J. Herlihy, B. S. 16; Sec- retary, Harold J. Cashin, A. B. ' 21 ; and Walter Jackson, Ex- ' 17, was re-elected Treasurer. Dr. Emmet F. Browne, B. S. ' 16, has had the good fortune to associate him- self with Dr. Francis L. Anton, a very prominent physician of this city, with an elegant suite of offices in the Paci- fic Mutual Building. » « John W. Maltman, A. B. ' 09, was re- cently elevated to the position of As- sistant State Attorney General in charge of the Los Angeles office. Jack, as he was better known in his college days, has been busily engaged with the State ' s affairs and in particular some complicated wrinkles concerning the new State Highway through the south- ern coast sections, but always extends a warm welcome to his many friends at his offices in the Pacific Finance Build- ing. John G. Mott has devoted much of his valuable time as chairman of the Los Angeles-Santa Clara Building Cam- paign, and his efforts wei ' e rewarded with successful results. Y. J. Forster, Ex- ' 20, became the proud parent of an heir apparent on April 28. It will be remembered that " Nig " , as we used to call him, joined in the holy bond of matrimony with the charming and beautiful Mildred Marsh, sister of the famous Griffith star, Mae Marsh, and herself an artist of recog- nized ability. William R. Lindley, Ex- ' 16, of Onta- rio, has been an ardent supporter of the Los Angeles Club, has attended fill meetings and always accounted for the Santa Clarans in the Citrus District. Dr. James D. Murphy died in ' 96 San Francisco at St. Francis Hospital on May 6. Dr. Mur- phy, former assistant surgeon for the United Railroads, was one of the best known and esteemed of San Francisco ' s medical colony. Prominent men from all walks of life were present to pay tribute to Dr. Mur- phy. Many of his former college mates were present as well as colleagues in the medical world with which Dr. Mur- phy was so long identified. A requiem high mass was celebrated at St. Ignatius Church for the repose of his soul. Father Richard A. Gleeson was the celebrant. The honorary pall- bearers were Dr. George H. Boskowitz, Dr. Vincent Bvickley, James Tufts, J. F. McNulty, Dr. B. F. McElroy, J. H. Handlon, I. J. Gay, H. G. Larsh, A. J. McDonald and James J. Tormey. The burial took place in Holy Cross Cem- etery. Dr. Murphy died following an opera- tion for appendicitis. He was 49 years old and was the son of Dr. James Mur- phy, eminent San Francisco physician, who died in 1890. He was also a cou- sin of Dr. John Gallwey. Dr. Murphy was graduated from Santa Clara in 1896, and completed his medical course at the University of California. The following Santa Clara alumni were in attendance at the mass : Chaun- cey Tramutola, A. T. Leonard, M. D. ; Dr. A. T. Leonard, Jr.. J. C. Nolan, Jr., W. B. Hirst, A. P. O ' Brien, M. D., F. R. Orella, M. D. It is seldom that we find ' 97 members of the Alumni taking such an interest in their Alma Mater, as to warrant them giving not only a great deal of their own time, but also that of their better halves, to the success of its undertak- ings. Such however is the case with Mr. Thomas Robinson, who devoted a great deal of his time and efforts to the Centennial Celebration, being largely responsible for the success of the souve- nir roto-gravure program, that netted THE REDWOOD 213 the gymnasium fund a considerable sum. Mrs. Robinson not only conceived the possibility of decorating the audi- toriitm for the Mission Play, but assist- ed in the realization of the idea, and took entire charge of the sale of the box seats for all of the performances. Mr. Robinson is now a prominent mem- ber of the San Francisco Stock Ex- change, and to both him and his wife we extend our sincerest thanks for their wonderful support. The son of Charles Graham. ' 98 who was killed in an acci- dent during the Centenary Celebration, was buried in San Fran- cisco, a Mass for the repose of his soul being celebrated at St. Dominic ' s Church. The following were among those present at the Mass: Rev. Fr. Richard A. Gleeson, S. J., Rev. Father Ryan, S. J., Joseph McDevitt, Presi- dent of the Alumni Association ; Dr. A. T. Leonard, Jr., Vice-President of the Alumni Association; John Irilarry, Treasurer of the Alumni Association ; Errol Quill, Secretary of the Alumni Association; Steve Graham, F. M. Hef- fernan, C. F. Tramutolo, John J. Col- lins, Henry P. Broderick, R. M. F. Soto, Thomas F. Feeney, Ray Caverly, George Woolrich, R. Scholz, R. W. Kearney, Joseph Farry, Richard Wal- lace, A. Canelo, Frank Blake. The Faculty and Student Body unite in offering condolences to the bereaved parents. « Alexander S. Keenan, M. D., accom- panied by his wife, has departed from California for a six months trip to Eu- rope. The Doctor intends to spend most of his time attending Clinics. The Reverend Robert Sesnon, ' 04 who has been giving a series of lectures at St. Patrick ' s Church in San Francisco, and in St. Leo ' s in Oakland, left recently for Washington, D. C, where he will teach in the Catholic University. Alumni Day in the recent ' 05 Mission Week found the campus graced with the pres- ence of none other than John Ivaneo- vich, who will be remembered by the Alumni of his day as one of the out- standing figures in the Student Body of that time. Besides taking an im- portant part in football, baseball and track activities, and gaining promi- nence as a member of both houses of the Philalethic Congress, and the J. D. S., he acted in the capacity of Associ- ate Editor of the " Redwood " . To him is attributed the creation of the roles of Judas in the " Passion Play " , Guy Fawke, in " Henry Garuett " , and Em- peror Diocletian in " The Light Eter- nal " . It is putting it mildly to say that he was the leading spirit in all college theatricals during his nine years at Santa Clara. He is now the leading character actor in the productions at the Fulton Theatre in Oakland. Mere words fall far short of ' 06 expressing our appreciation for the splendid help that Martin Merle has given the University of Santa Clara during the score of years in which we find his name so closely connected with her history. Few, if any of her students or of her Alumni will ever be able to equal his record when it comes to giving their whole-hearted support in a material way to their Alma Mater. As author and director of the Santa Clara Mission Play his name will ever remain fresh in the minds and memories of all who have seen the play, and those who have been fortunate enough to have taken part in its pro- duction. This year, the hundredth anniversary of the Mission of Santa Clara, has been one of the most trying years of her en- tire history. She has not had the good fortune of being endowed with the numerous and large legacies that have fallen to her sister universities in this state, and unfortunate circumstances have made it necessary for her to call upon her friends and Alumni for as- sistance, in order to maintain the posi- 214 THE REDWOOD tion that she has always held as one of the leading universities of the Pacific Coast. It was only fitting that the drive instituted for this purpose should culminate in some sort of a celebra- tion, of which Martin Merle ' s Mission Play was made the outstanding feature. Had it not been for the untiring ef- forts of the author himself, the produc- tion of the play could never have been accomplished. To fully understand the work that was done by this man it is necessary to go back to the summer and late fall of last year, when we find him slaving daily in his little office in the Alumni Lodge, then to follow him daily for four months of rehearsals, and finally watch him directing the play from behind the scenes, five hours each night during the week of the celebra- tion. Those who have seen the play can understand the preparation neces- sary for its production, and when they think of how the director is confronted with the troubles of the fifty-four in- dividuals that make up the cast and the ensemble, thej must wonder at the ability of one man to handle it all. No one appreciates what he has done better than those who worked with and under him during the preparation and production of the play. Of them all he has made friends, who consider them- selves privileged in having been allow- ed to help him. Every member of the cast feels that he has been benefited by having come into contact with him, and in most cases indebted to him for the wonderful training that he has given them. Little wonder that we take such great pleasure in announcing that the same Martin Merle has consented to stay and direct the Passion Play that is to be produced next year. After the production of his own play in 1913 and again this year, there is no doubt en- tertained by any that he will give a bet- ter production of Clay M. Greene ' s play than has ever been witnessed here be- fore. Again we thank him, hoping that he may in some measure understand our sincerity in so doing, and wish him all success and offer him all of our assist- ance for next year. Adios, till tomor- row. Gerald P. Beaumont, whose ' 07 criticism of the recent pro- duction of the Mission Plaj ' is contained in another part of this edi- tion of the " Redwood " , will be remem- bered as one of the most active students of his time. Varsity football, baseball and track did not interfere with his taking the difficult task of editing the " Redwood " in his last year. The Phil- alethic Senate and House included him among their members. He was the cre- ator of the role of Pancratius in " The Light Eternal " , and played the role of Archelaus in the 1907 production of the " Passion Play " . In fact he was prom- inent in all of the theatricals of Santa Clara during his time. At present he is one of the best known of all writers of sport stories, and is a regular contrib- utor to the Saturday Evening Post and the Red Book magazine. His first book, " Hearts and Diamonds " published by Dodd, Mead Co., New York, has merit- ed a great praise and caused many to eagerly anticipate his second book that is about to come off the press. All of his stories are contracted for either stage plays or motion picture scenarios. We do not need to wish him success, for he already achieved it, but we can assert our assurance of its continua- tion. The Fresno Bee will appear ' 08 as a new afternoon newspa- per in Fresno as soon as a three story and basement building can be constructed. Its publishers will be V. S. and C. K. McClatchy, who, under the firm name of James McClatchy Co., also publish the Saci amento Bee. J. V. McClatchy, assistant business manager, and C. K. McClatchy, assist- ant editor of the Sacramento Bee, will be business manager and editor respect- ively of the new publication. H. R. McLaughlin will be the managing ed- itor. V. S. and C. K. McClatchy are former THE REDWOOD 215 Santa Clarans, both being on the " Redwood " Staff during their College days. tain, 361st Infantry; Frederick C. Ger- lach, ' 90, M. D. Captain, Medical Corps, 363rd Infantry. 10 Raine Bennett, author of sev- eral plays and a book of poems, is putting the finish- ing touch to his first novel, " The Phantom Poppy " , the plot of which is laid in California and the Orient. Raymond W. Kearney, Executive Officer of the Commission of Immigra- tion and Housing, is the author of a re- cently published volume concerning Camp Sanitation. A very flattering re- view of it appeared in the American Medical Association. Dion R. Holm will be remem- 12 bered as the creator of the role of Padre Jose Maria del Real in Martin V. Merle ' s Mission Play of Santa Clara, and it was a pleas- ure to have him visit us during the week in Avhich the same play was repro- duced by a different cast. Besides be- ing noted for his activities in college theatricals while here at Santa Clara, he took part in both Varsity baseball, and Philalethic Senate activities and was a credit to each of these organiza- tions. He is engaged at present as an attorney in San Francisco, and holds the honored position of Grand Knight in Council 615 of the Knights of Colum- bus. The San Francisco Players Club feel themselves favored with his active membership, while he also takes the leading parts in all of the Bohemian Club Grove Plays. Martin Paul Detels has announced his engagement to Miss Isabelle Gard- ner of East Orange, New Jersey. De- tels met his bride to be, while attend- ing Columbia University. Among the officers assigned to the Army Reserve recently are Ervin S. Best, ' 12, First Lieut. " 364th Field Ar- tillery; Dominic A. Di Fiori, ' 17, Sec- ond Lieut., 440th Observation Squad- ron ; Charles Kelly McClatchy, ' 08, Cap- When it comes to rounding ' 17 up a real live-wire rodeo, leave it to Joe Sneeze to de- liver the goods. Since the recent three day rodeo that played such an import- ant part in the Centennial Celebration, we have heard nothing but praise for the little promoter that was behind the whole show. And the most of it comes from men who are acquainted with ev- ery corner of the game, and who make it a business to follow such events throughout the state. The collection of horses, and the personnel of the rid- ers, constituted a combination that is seldom seen in the numerous rodeos that are held in this and neighboring states. The quality of the affair was demonstrated in the daily increase in attendance, and the number that wit- nessed it all three days. The post of Justice of the Peace of San Jose is being sought after by At- torney Percy ' Conner, who recently annoimced his candidacy. ' Conner is conceded a place ; even Stanford sup- he has a large number of friends root- ing for him. During the war he was a commissioned officer in the army and at present occupies a prominent place in the San Jose Post of the American Legion. Charley Daly is cutting quite Ex- ' 24 a swath at Stanford these days. While at Santa Clara he used to trot around our track, but no one suspected that we were watch- ing a coming champion. At the recent Stanford-California track meet, ac- cording to all dope Charlie was not cenceded a place ; even Stanford sup- porters placed him only a possible third, but, as usual, the dope was wrong. Charlie took the pole at the first turn and was never headed, thereby gaining for himself the coveted Block S. He is at present on his way to Cambridge to compete in the inter- 216 THE REDWOOD collegiate meet held by Harvard, and it is admitted that if he can turn in as fast a half-mile there as he did at Stan- ford, he will take first or second. All Santa Clara will be rooting for him whether he places first or last, and we know that Charlie will give the best that is in him for Stanford and the West. Lewis Lettunich was a campus visit- or during the Centennial Celebration. " Letty " was prominent in all circles while a student, and we have no doubt that he will continue to kill " Wooden Indians " in Watsonville. He is at present looking after his father ' s inter- ests in Watsonville, having given up his position in the Bank of Italy, which he held during the past ten months. Witli the publication of this number we have concluded another year of journalism. The conductors of this de- partment feel prone to boast that few derived a greater quantity or a finer quality of pleasure and satisfaction from the year than they. The true worth of the college maga- zine is seldom appreciated. Few per- sons, except those actually engaged in literary pursuits, can approximate the enormous amount of thought, effort and application given over to the aver- age college publication. The stories, essaj s, poems and editorials tell their own story. This year they spoke with unusual force and brilliance. This department has given the best that its editors were capable of. We have proceeded on the conviction that detailed rather than general criticism Avas far more valuable and fairer to our contemporaries. This method, likewise, enabled us to come closer to attaining the end we sought to accomplish ; vide- lict, to make all criticism construct- ive. If we have fallen very short in this effort then we can only ground our plea for exoneration on our good intentions. Constructive criticism should always be the aim of an Ex- change editor; any other criticism is neither praiseworthy nor helpful. Our fondest hope, by way of fare- well, is that we may enjoy the same felieitious and candid relations with our contemporaries in the new Fall semes- ter. No one could ask more. Trinity A glance at the contents Colleg " e spread on the preten- Record tious front cover of " The Trinity College Record " (Trin- ity College, Washington, D. C), at once told us that feminine hands were accountable for the publication. The first contribution nestled be- neath its covers, " Eastertide " , in verse, at once dispelled any feeling of solici- tude that an adverse criticism might be in order. The beauty of the theme is emphasized by its simplicity and clear- ness. A second glance at the contents end- ed our search for amusement on discov- ering the humorous, yet valuable, es- say, ' ' Great Men I Should Like to Have Thrashed " . The essaj unconsciously, peradventure, becomes the mouth-piece for every student who has thought it worth while to delve into accounts of the lives of geniuses. A second essay, " The Mirror of Morals " , is a survey of the teachings of the punctilious John Ruskin. The article is explanatory in purpose and the results obtained are excellent. The treatment offers a good opportunity of familiarizing oneself very fully with the character and sensi- tive mind of the great English moralist and humanitarian. " The College and the Theatre " is a logical consideration of the position of the playhouse today, its cognaey to the college and what a proper association of the two can mean. The ideas are based on common sense, not only on idle fancy or coming from an inclina- tion to be far-fetched in statement. " Jeanne of Chinon " is an absorbing tale with a hint of mystery and veily atmosphere playing about two lives be- fore and during the war in Prance. Two good characters drip from the author- ess ' pen. It is a good story, sympa- thetic, quiet and entertaining from 218 THE REDWOOD •start to finish. Another short story, " One of Them " , has form and strikes a pleasing balance. The plot is differ- ent, yet it is not the entirety of its value for the style is refreshing and free. Verse is profuse in this issue. " The Painted Desert " is descriptive and does justice to one ' s memory of Arizona ' s mysterious colorful desert stretches. One can almost sense the foreboding stillness and bleak austerity of the mis- colored regions. " The Spring Wind " has powerful penetration and a scintil- lating construction. " In Our Little Years " the philoso- pher turns poetess. A moral rein and strain of melancholia check-mark the whole to good advantage. The work is worthy of approbation. Pot-Pourri is a lively and humorous department given over to verse of every variety. It partakes of matters of all sorts from waste-baskets to pillows. It is just the needed morsel to complete the magazine ' s balance. The editorials are nicely, done and offer some unusually satisfying topics. Our concluding comment on " The Trin- ity Record " can be summed up in a few words: an excellent number, a good choice of matter and splendid judgment in workmanship. The Dial The Dial (St. Mary ' s College, Kansas), con- tains all the essentials that go to make up the ideal collegiate journal. Matters as sober as an essay in natural theology to an eth eral verse on Spring are found to satisfy the reader ' s hunger for variety, knowledge and charm. The short story, " Understanding " , furnished us a goodly share of enjoy- ment. The tale is interesting, well- handled, and not too verbose or over- done in any particular. It is a story of human hearts and sacrifice, and is bound to be well received for it has a ring of sincerity and a grip of convic- tion. " Finance and Fiance " promised to be a good yarn, but the promise is side- tracked. The characters are a lot of personified mealy turnips, lacking blood and life. The idea properly treat- ed would have made a presentable tale with a bit of naturalness and a gen- eral stiffening. " Pantheism " is an instructive thesis. It sets out an able refutation of ancient and modern pantheism and evolution. Another essay, " Terence McSwiney " , is a defense of the martyred Irish patri- ot. The whole, in the main, is a com- mendation of the Lord Mayor ' s acts and an endeavor to discredit the accu- sation of suicide. In verse, " A Crown of Fifty Years " , is eulogistic. " Ireland " is the cause of the Emerald Isle in the language of the Muse. The lines are clever and ex- tremely spirited and uplifting. We must take a stand at variance with the editorial " The Initial Step " . We maintain that the Industrial Court has no more right to determine that a man shall work against his will than it would have to determine at which an- gle one ' s hat must be worn. We find " The Dial " wonderfully worth while and look forward with pleasure in anticipation of reviewing it during the next school year. Santa Clara 14 Jefferson 6 After the first Stanford game, in which the Red and White team showed its superiority over the visitoi-s, the next aggregation to cross bats with the Santa Clara nine was a team from San Francisco, who called themselves the Jeffersons. A few weeks before this game, the aforementioned stars had sent the Sodality Club of Santa Clara down to a defeat on the Mission dia- mond. The next day the box score of a San Francisco paper bore the news that the Jeffersons had beat the University of Santa Clara Varsity baseball team. Perhaps the error was due to the fact that the game was played on the Santa Clara field; at any rate that was the sum of the article. Well, from the start it was a melee that resembled the regular every-after- noon batting practise that Coach " Joe Sneeze " conducts after class " Todas las Dias " , to quote the Spanish " shark " , Turk Bedolla. The star chucker for the Jeffersons started the game by allowing a few ( ?) hits in the first innings that onlj netted the Santa Clarans ten runs. " Mike " Dunne started the ball roll- ing for Santa Clara, and was never in danger during the five innings that he threw ' em over. He was taken out in the fifth, due to the fact that his arm was sore, and he was needed for future contests. He was relieved by " Rags " Mollen, who allowed the visitors most of the hits they gathered, and well, the game ended, much to the edification of everyone concerned. The hitting of the wrecking crew, consisting of Bedolla and Vukota was the feature of the game. Turk ' s running on the bases was the only fast part of the struggle. R. H. E. Santa Clara 14 16 2 Jeffersons 6 11 3 Batteries: Santa Clara: Dunne, Mol- len and Ford ; Jeffersons : Hollister and Silva. Santa Clara 9 Stanford 6 To bring the baseball season to a close, Coach " Sneeze " took his pro- teges up to the neighboring Stanford University to take on the Cardinal fol- lowers of the National Pastime. The dopesters up at the Farm had their team picked for the easy winner, and the officials were clamoring before the game for a date on which the deciding game could be played, as Santa Clara was bound to lose that day. Well, with a team that was badly crippled with the loss of two veterans the Santa Clarans proved that the dope is not always cor- rect. The line-up found " Little Giant " Fitzpatrick missing, due to a severe at- tack of the " flu " , and Captain Hane- berg sitting in the grandstand. So, Cowboy Vukota was moved in to fill " Fitz ' s " position at the keystone sack, and " Butch " Clancy was turned out to graze on the difficult corner. Both Vukota and Clancy played a fine game in their new positions, and the team was not materially weakened by the ap- pearance of these two new men. That is, they were new at these positions, 220 THE REDWOOD not as baseball players. Mike Dunne was chosen to do the twirling- for the Missionites, and he surely pitched a masterful brand of twisters which were insoluble to the opposing batters. Save for one inning he was never in danger. In this frame a slight feeling of philan- thropy overtook our chucker, with the result that he was a wee bit wild. No great damage came to the Red and White team, so what ' s the difference? The first inning came and passed without either team crossing the tally- ing station. In the second, Stanford chalked up the first run when Dunne walked Parker, the first man up, which was followed by a sacrifice ; an error and an infield out put the runner across the plate for the first score of the game. Nothing of importance happened in the second, and to start the third Dunne again walked the lead-off man, who was helped along to second when Mit- chell laid down a bunt. Then Mike ' s aforementioned spirit of philanthropy happened along and he passed the next two batters, filling the bags. With the three on, Parker crashed one down the third base line that went for a tri- ple, scoring the three men in front of him. Then Mike settled down to seri- ous work, and the side was retired Avithout doing further damage. Pour runs behind, Moose Fawke, playing in the right garden, registered a base knock, which was immediately followed by a similar feat by (he illus- trious toe-dancer, ' ' Butch ' ' Clancy. On Ford ' s sacrifice both runners advanced a bag, and Fawke scored when Toso slapped one in the nose for a clean hit to left. Clancy died on Dunne ' s field- ers choice, and then " Turk " Bedolla, after letting two strikes whizz past, picked the third, giving the old apple a ride over the center fielder ' s head. Cap in hand " Turk " crossed the plate, preceded by two runners. The paths cleared, " Cowboy " Vukota started things anew by banging one against the left field boards for a triple, and scored when Manelli dished up one of the Stanford offerings for another clean blow. At the count of five the Mission- ites called a halt, but added another in the sixth when Logan banged one for two stations, and scored on Clancy ' s single. The seventh netted the Prune Pickers two more, for both Dunne and Toso singled, and scored on Bedolla ' s double to center. In the eighth Logan opened the inning by riding one for two stop-overs. Fawke was safe on an er- ror. Logan was nipped at the plate when Clancy bounced one down to sec- ond, and then Ford put Fawke over the last station when he hit one down to first base. This ended the scoring for Santa Clara. Five runs to the good, Dunne eased up a little, and Stanford scored one in from polo equipment to vaulting poles. Each occupied village was soon effer- vescent with activities from early morn their half of the ninth, when Wood- ward got a base knock, and scored when Parker biffed one into the middle garden. This ended Stanford ' s tally- ing, and the side was retired without doing further scoring, therebj making the game, as well as the season, ancient history, and fine material for Bedolla ' s " Hot Stove League " . R. H. E. Santa Clara 9 12 2 Stanford _ 6 4 2 Batteries: Dunne and Ford; Lowen- stein, Clark and Green. BOXING Monday evening. May 1, found our excuse for a gymnasium filled to the point of overflowing with enthusiastic followers of the " mitt f lingers " . The proceeds were destined to go towards the New Gymnasium Fund so everyone was very anxious to help the worthy cause by donating his twenty-five cents. And after the show, everyone admitted that they had surely secured their money ' s worth. The most prominent aspirants to fame via the padded glove route were present to maul each other, that their hopes for the muchly needed building might approach closer to real- ization. The most important job was to acquire competent judges, and a ref- THE REDWOOD 221 ciee. " Tutz " Argenti, " Batch " Baci- galupi, and " Code Section " " Miller were selected to act as judges, while " Moose " Fawke filled the bill as ref- eree. And last, but not least, " Jawn " Lewis acted as custodian of the stop watch. Quite a competent crowd of officials, alright ! The first bout found our two foreign cousins, Alfredo Escaip, who hails from somewhere " outside " , and " Honolulu " Quinlan, who learned to tickle a Uku- lele on the palm-fringed shore of Wai- kiki, rarin ' to go, and they lived up to expectations. Due to the shade in weight which Escaip had over his Irish ( ?) opponent, he was awarded the de- cision. The next ' ' mixup ' ' was presented by Young Donnely and Joe Egan. Prom the gong they fought, and when the final ring came they were still milling. Bgan was in the pink of condition, and Donnely was the faster of the two, so the judges decided that the bout ought to be called a draw. " Be it so order- ed, " muttered " Batch " from behind a smoke screen of Havana " rope " . The third tussle was furnished by Jack Haley and Enrique Linares. Though the fight started in a very mild fashion, it ended differently. Jack tapped our Henry on the nose, and then the fireworks started. For three rounds they stood toe to toe, and gave and took to the best of their ability, which is surely saying something. After the final gong the judges told Bob Guthrie, who was acting in the official capacity of announcer, that they thought that Jack ought to be awarded the fight, which fact, on publication, was acclaimed with loud cheers. The fourth contest was one continued round of action to the nth degree. Bud Phelan and Jack Lutfy squared off, and without aiiy preliminary formalities started to maul each other. The two scrappers seemed satisfied Avlth every- thing but the gong, and when it was over, Phelan was declared the winner. After the preceding whirlwind fight, " Ony " Geoghegan, of Salt Lake City, and Dick Callaghan from the " wild and wooly " frontier town of Livermore stepped into the ring, in readiness to act as contestants in the following bout. Both were willing, but, due to the fact that Geoghegan was too fast for the " Cowboy " ' the triumvirate ruled him winner. Next " Butch " Clancy and " Abie " Abrahamsen staged a fight that would do credit to any racetrack. Due to the fact that " Abie " caught " Butch " the greater number of times, he had his hand raised by " Moose " Pawke, after much deliberation on the part of the worthy judges. Caesar Manelli and " Jock " Fosdyke were slated to appear and swap punches for three rounds, but as " Jock " was a little indisposed, or had a social en- gagement that bade him go elsewhere, " Red " Curley offered his services as opponent for the well-known pugnaci- ous one. They hammered each other for three rounds, and then the Roman was declared winner over the Celt. " Hoe homine superato, Caesar trans eampura se duxit a proelio. " Two foreigners furnished the crowd with lots of slugging in the next en- counter, and were received and hailed as coming wonders at the art of self de- fense. They were " Smilin " Bob Duff, from Oregon, and " Toughie " Malley, from the adjoining sagebrush state. They acted like two strange bulldogs for the three rounds, after wliich slug- fest the impartial judges called it a draw. " Batch " , our promising lawyer, was very strong for convicting one of them. The grand finale of the evening ' s performance was a free-for-all consist- ing of five of the youngest members of the Prep Department, to wit: " Moose " Breen. " Shorty " Ayub, " Comedy " McFadden, " Jack " Monte- verde, and " Gim " Giambastiani. They hit everything in sight for about five minutes, and at the end of that period three good men were all that was left, so the combined legislative, judicial and executive body declared that fhey were " each as good as the other " , to give the exact words of " Tutz " Argenti, 222 THE REDWOOD and " Old Code Section " Miller con- curred. It surely was a grand and glorious evening, taking it from every angle. The large attendance showed the spirit that is prevalent around the campus. The Santa Clara fellows are behind the campaign for their new gym to a man, and they are certainly lovers of athletic endeavor. It is the hope of everyone that their spirit and work will bear fruit, and in a shoi ' t time the University of Santa Clara Campus will be the site of a brand new gymnasium to replace the present excuse. PREP BASEBALL The Prep baseball team has been keeping up the same old " fighting spirit " that the football and basket- ball teams displayed during their sea- sons. Ten games have been played, with seven victories and but three de- feats. The last four contests indulged in were all won by the Santa Clarans. Preps 4 Sodality Cubs 3 The Sodality Cubs were added to the Preps string of victories, March 21. It was a close contest and resulted in a 4 to 3 victory for the Missionites. The team had exceptionally good form, and not an error was checked up against them, while many a clean bingle was garnered off the opposing twirler. Turner at shortstop, and Malley at first starred, while the " chucking " of " Duster " Varanini is deserving of spe- cial mention. Preps 10 Sodality Cubs 5 The Sodality Cubs returned a week later with a great deal of hard practice to their credit and were bent upon re- venge. They were sadly disappointed however, for they were defeated by a worse score than before. Pitcher Ralph Carson hurled a nice brand of ball and managed to keep his hits well scat- tered, while his team-mates went on a batting rampage. Preps 8 Santa Clara Hi 6 Santa Clara Hi was next on the list, and as was previously supposed, they too failed in an endeavor to win. At the time of this game, Santa Clara held first place in the P. A. L. Due to the bad condition of the field, several costly errors were made by the Preps, but they made up for it by their hit- ting. Driscoll and Carson did the twirling, and held the opposition in grand style. Preps 9 San Jose Hi 3 Much to the distress of the San Jose High School, strong contenders for the P. A. L., they were again forced to bend their heads in humiliation to a superior team. This time it was in baseball. The Preps began early, jumped on Pitcher Cleghorn and drove him from the box in the second, incidentally pol- ing out many a long hit. The Preps showed their usual good form and won handily. Preps 14 Santa Clara Hi 2 The Preps sent a team on the field for the last time this term on Mon- day, May 15. For many it was the last game they will play as Preps, and in- deed they gave a performance that they should be proud of. The boys from Santa Clara High School tried to stage a come-back after suffering a defeat at the hands of the Preps several weeks ago. But the at- tempt was fruitless. The game opened with " Snooks " Carson on the mound for the Preps and Perry performing for the town boys. The Preps started ont in the first in- ning and drove Perry from the box. He was followed by Burke, the giant heav- er, but the change made little differ- ence in the Preps batting averages. One of the features of the game was the fact that the Preps hadn ' t practiced for over three weeks but played ball a la Ty Cobb. In fielding the young Missionites played beautifully, picking up fast grounders and pulling down the high ones. In the last of the sixth the score stood 6 to in favor of the Preps, but it was here that he game took on the THE REDWOOD 223 appearance of a track meet. During tliis round every man went to bat and at the beginning of the seventh the score stood 14 to 0. Santa Clara High scored two runs in the foHowing inning and thus the last game of the year ended ; another vic- tory for the fighting Preps. The pitch- ing of Carson, allowing but three hits, deserves mention. The line-up was as follows : Carson, p.; Ryan, c; Malley, 1st; Randazzo, 2nd ; Turner, ss ; Baily, 3rd ; Smith, 1. f. ; Koch, c. f . ; Nock, r. f. PREP TRACK The Prep track team, which was go- ing strong till Mission Play rehearsals for the Ensemble cut it off at the knees, showed great promise of doing its stuff. Had not the several meets scheduled been forced to be called off, the team would probably have consisted of the following: Tn the sprints were P. Mar- tin, J. Egan, J. Glynn (Cap.), Osio, and Quinlan. Jn the distance events: T. ' Malley, H. Morey, and Weston, iiryne, Ford, would make their oppon- ents wipe the cinders out of their eyes. The pit events Avould easily be held by 0. Hook, A. Halloran, J. Glynn, 15. Young; while the discus and shot-put would have to be watched with tele- scopes when Scholtz and Haley heave them. In the hurdles Quinlan, Sheehan, Lagomarsino, Janney. Sharon, and Triplett coidd make their opponents step over the obstacles at a mean pace in order to keep them in sight. The re- lay team of Martin. Glynn, Egan and Quinlan could easily be counted on to stack up a few more points. These men with Ed. Silva, as coach, would certainly have held their own against most rival High School teams, but not many men can run around a track and carry a heavy part in a mob scene at the same time. THE REDWOOD ST. IGNATIUS COLLEGE SAN FRANCISCO THE COLLEGE EMBRACES THE FOLLOWING DEPARTMENTS: A— The Department of Letters, Science and Philosophy, A course of four years leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science. B— The Department of Law. A course of four years leading to degree of Bachelor of Laws. C — The Premedical Department. A course of three years in Chemistry, Bacteriology, Biology and Anatomy, preparatory to study of Medicine. REV. PIUS L. MOORE, S. J., President The High School Department. A course of four years from the completion of the standard grammar schools and preparatory to College. THE REDWOOD REX THEATRE - - " sTrctr ' • Always the Best Photoplays EBERHARD TANNING CO. Tanners, Curriers and Wool Pullers Hat.iess-Latigo and Lace Leather Sole and Upper Leather, Calf, Kip and Sheepskins Eberhard ' s Skirting Leather and Bark Woolskin SANTA CLARA, CALIFORNIA Pratt-Low Preserving Company PACKERS OF: HIGH GRADE CANNED FRUITS AND VEGETABLES SANTA CLARA CALIFORNIA VARGAS BROS. COMPANY GENERAL MERCHANDISE Lafayette and Franklin Streets SANTA CLARA, CAL. CENTURY ELECTRIC COMPANY OF SAN JOSE GENERAL ELECTRIC MOTORS EDISON MAZDA LAMPS Electrical Contracting and Estimating Phone S. J. 521 18 E. San Antonio St. A AT T Ar TT Q Home-made Candies and Ice Cream VV LrLf V riO Light Lunches and Tamales Phone S. C. 36 1012 Franklin St., Santa Clara CLUB BAGS A t? ( A F) IhT UMBRELLAS SUIT CASES - ■ - J- -L LEATHER PURSES SAN JOSE, CAL. NOVELTIES Canelo Bros. Stackhouse Co. THE REDWOOD A Place to Meet Eat and Treat Candies San Jose Ice Cream STRATFORD SHOP EXCLUSIVE AGENTS FOR Stratford Clothes Knox Hats 19 South First Street Manhattan Shirts Phoenix Hosiery San Jose M. P. Martin S. C. 233 B. C. Martin T D Garage Coast Tires Storage and Repairing Towing Day and Night Hamilton News Agency News Dealer and Stationer Santa Clara, California Agent for San Francisco and San Jose Daily Papers :: Periodicals and Stationery School Books and School Supplies Cigars and Tobacco E. Z. Laroche BICYCLES Repairing— Renting 956 Franklin Street PIPES GRILL Fancy Sundaes, Fancy Mixed Drinks, Light Lunches, Dinners Johnny Sanphilip Will Greet You


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University of Santa Clara - Redwood Yearbook (Santa Clara, CA) online yearbook collection, 1918 Edition, Page 1

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