University of Santa Clara - Redwood Yearbook (Santa Clara, CA)

 - Class of 1904

Page 1 of 746

 

University of Santa Clara - Redwood Yearbook (Santa Clara, CA) online yearbook collection, 1904 Edition, Cover
Cover



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Text from Pages 1 - 746 of the 1904 volume:

library of University of Santa Clam e e EDWOOD wH ' .i Blk ' " . Br ' ■ ' Mi C o 1 i SANTA CI.AII.A ; CALIFORNIA » ' g ' ». »:» » » » » » »»»- » . » » » ' » ♦ »».» » ' » ' » »»»« » OCTOBER, 1904 THE REDWOOD FOSS HICKS Co. V i ' gff ' G1Sf» ' 0»iSfV? i No. 45 West vSanta Clara Street SAN JOSK. Rea[_Estate _J_oans Investments A select and up-to-date list of just such properties as the Home-Seeker and Investor wants. INSURANCE — F i j if ? Accident in the best Companies The Fullest Information Regarding All Lines of Business. Osborne Hall Santa Clara Cal. Cottage System A private Sanatorium for the care and training of children suffering from Nervous Disorder or Arrested Mental Development. 6 Under the personal management of Antrim Edgar Osborne M. D., Ph. D. Formerly and for 15 years Superintendent of the California State Institution for the Feeble Minded, etc. Accomodations in seperate cottages for a fe v adults cases seeking Rest Cure and treatment for drug addictions. Rates and particulars on application. «4% TM% nMf| lM% lM v .r5 ia5 nM% r M% » TIIK REDWOOD » .•..«..• •••. ••••••••••••••••••• " AGENTS- James A. Bannister Company Geo. G. Snow Co. Ho-Ka $3.50 Shoe HOFF KAYSER POPULAR PRICE SHOES 95 South First Street San Jose C. P. Cunningham ; Successor to J. B. I ampkin 78 South First Street, San Jose. Men ' s Furnishings 4i 4 Your patronage Respectfully Solicited. City AtUjniey f.os Gat()3, e R. F. ROBERTSON ATTORNEY AT LAW Telephone James 5446 45-46 Auzerais Block, San Jose, Cal. Sea ' jde Store, Santa Cruz, S. I.KASK ita riara aiul I,os i ' .nU CKOSMY . . I.K.ASK :f 276 Chuicli Stifct N. V. m-].Ki ' ; Crosby Leask Dry Goods and M en s We ar ' •••••• •»•.••»••.••.•• • THE REDWOOD ••-••••••••••••••••••••••-•••••••••• a- ' Groceries and Provisions Teas, Cofifees, Flour Tinware, Agateware Peed, Potatoes Glassware, lyamps. Crockery Fancy Canned Goods Wood and Willowware J. W. BI,ACK, Proprietor Santa Clara, GALLAGMEM BROS- FIcUire Frawiitig Of Every Descrl|?tio«ii 27 Grant Avenue San Francisco, Cal. H. E. WILCOX D. M. BURNETT ATTORNEYS AT LAW Rooms 19 and 20, Safe Deposit Building San Jose, Cal. Designers and Engravers of Commercial, Bank and Insurance Work a Specialty Telephone Main 95 ? i Cbe 0al!oway OtftograpWig go i t 410-12-14 Sansome Street, vS. E. Cor. Commercial San Francisco, Cal. ' • 1 c THAT i tH OOSE,eikU IS IN U ' R HAT A eiiit for tlie CeleiarateiE Knox Hat Telephone Black J93 F. MUSGRAVE CO. i Watchmakers and Manufacturing Jewelers | 2995 Sixteenth Street, San Francisco f Class Pins, Medals and Sodality Pius made to order. Designs Furnished i ' •• ••••••••••••••.•••••.•••• ••.••.• « « «« THE REDWOOD dJiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiininiiinniHiiiiiiniiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimu I Full Dress Suits a Specialty Kstablished 1889 | Jlngmm the tailor LEADER OF LOW PRICES All the Latest Novelties Direct from Manufacturers Suits to Order ----- $13.50 to $35.00 Pants to Order 3.50 to 10.00 JIngwim = Zht Great WhohsaU tailor = I ' ° Tsou?i; " pringst. 39 S. Second Street, San Jose | I Bicycle Repairing Sporting Goods | Carnot Dermody THE I IGHT AND YAI,E BICYCLES Baseball, Tennis, Golf and Football Supplies = Phone = Black 975 69 South Second Street, San Jose i iiiiiniiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiniiii iii uiiiiiit i iiiiiiiiiiiiiiii iiiiiiiii iiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiii THE REDWOOD dAmiiiiiiniMiinniiniiiiiiiininiiiiiinniiimiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiH = Jacob Eberhard, Pres. aud Manager. John J. Eberhard, Vice- Pres. and Ass ' t Manager — I €berbard Cantiind 0o. I Tanners, Curriers and Wool Pullers | = Harness- Ladigo and Lace Leather. Sole and Upper Leather, Calf, Kip and Sheepskins 5 5 Eberhard ' s Shirting Leather and Bark Woolskin 5 I Santa Clara, - . - - California | = You trade here you save money here 5 I Kinmd Drug Company | = Drugs Delivered to any part of the City Free. E = Telephone, Main 221 Porter Building, San Jose, Cal. = I Cnsant Shaving j b xh x. p.„p i j Parlors i 978 Main Street, opposite Postoffice SANTA CLARA, CAL. = I If You Want the Best = 1 AstF„ra- . SILVER BELL FLOUR | I FARMERS UNION, Distributors | 1 SAN JOSE, CAL. f I " J. H. SULLIVAN I I PLUMBING, GAS FITTING AND TINNING | = Repairing Promptly Attended to 70 Kast Santa Clara Street, San Jose = = lyatest Double Gear Samson Windmill Res.— N. B. Corner St. John and Third Sts. = FELLOWS I We ' re after your trade and if goods and prices talk | I WeVe got you sure I I ROOS BROS. I 5 25-37 Kearney Street, San Francisco = imimiiiimnniniiiiiiiiiiiiiiniifiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiinMiniiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiinniiiniiiimiiiiiiniiiiimii THE REDWOOD Yollaqd Ipt StoPG 5 ' i Houso Fupqislr irigB, F air tirig aqd F ap©pii:ig Opposite Postoffiee, Sar)ta (Slara MANUEL MELLO Dealer in All Kinds of Boots and Shoes Telephone Clay 544 1084 Franklin Street, Pierce Block, Santa Clara F. A. ALDERMAN STATIONl RY, BI ANK BOOKS, :i5TC. CIGARS AND TOBACCO All Kinds of Fountain Pens Next to Pos toffiee Baseball and Sporting Goods Santa Clara Schaezlein Burridge fiHatiufacturing jewelers C;ias$ Pins and ISburcb UBork a ${)eeial(V No. 3 Hardie Place, off Kearney St., San Francisco O ' CONNOR SANITARIUM 90£iSHSISS..BY SISTERS OF CHARITY Training School for Nurses In Connection f Race and San Carlos Streets SAN JOSE, CAL to leties BJe-vi ' aM«a Elegant 5»arlors Reduced I8:ates Students and @oe ANBRE W P. MILL, We make a SPKCIAI.TY of getting our work out PROMPTI.Y, and it is aU finished here. A Take the elevator at the Dougherty Building. A No. 85 South Second Street. Old PhOtOS Copicd I INSURANCE { KATJO SOMAVIA Santa Clara 9 THE REDWOOD I EAT HUNTS BREAD REV. FATHER J. M. CASSIN, ST, ROSB ' S CHURCH Santa Rosa, Cal., June 3, 1904. George mayerle— Dear Sir: I received the glasses yesterday. I am much pleased with them, aud think your bill moderate. I inclose the amount, and remain; yours sincerely, J. M. Cassin. George Mayerle ' s Eye Water A perfectly harmless and effective remedy, makes weak eyes strong, diseased eyes well, Rest tired eyes Price 50c. By Mail 62c. If your druggist does not keep it order direct from George Mayerle, 1071 Market street, San Francisco George Mayerle ' s antiseptic eveglass cleaners, 2 for 25c. H A WARNING TO THE PUBI IC " 1 When wishing to consult George Mayerle, the German Expert Optician, 1071 Market street, regard- ing the condition of the eyes, avoid mistaking the place by looking for the name " GlSORGB MAYISRI,]© " on the window B POR: IRNTBRING. Phone John 1231 COFPi B ROASTII RS TBA IMPORT:eRS WM. McCarthy co. COFFEE TEAS and SPICES 373 West Santa Clara Street San Jose, Cal. A. G. GEORGE BARBER 922 Frankiin Street Santa Clara, Cal. MILLARD BROS. Books ■ liii " Stationery and Fountain Pens 25-27 West Santa Clara Street San Jose, Cal. THE REDWOOD i| Ttieorporated S »! ' 39=49 South Iflafi ket Street, cor Post, San 3o$e | Telephone Brown 1611 j I THE STORE THAT SAVES YOU MONEY | i Cinokum and mindow Shades ' | »! earpets Cleaned and Relaid Upbolsterins ? « I tS C. F. Swift, President I,eroy Hough, Vice President and Treasurer W. D. Dennett Secretary 9. Directors— C. F, Swift, Leroy Hough, Henry J. Crocker, W. D. Dennett and Jesse W. Lilienthal J »2 CAPIXAI, PAIB IN $760,000.00 Western Weat Company Cable Address ST:iSFAST, San Francisco Codes A I. A B. C. 4th Edition ►2 GENBRAI, OFFICII: Sixth and Townsend St., San Francisco •5 ____ « Si 1; Pork Packers and Sblf per$ of I Hressed Beei mutton and Pork I 2i Monarch and Golden Gate Brands Canned Meats, Bacon, Hams and Lard 2 i Hides, Pelts Tallow, Fertilizer, Bones, Hoofs, Horn, Etc. »2 Packing House and Stock Yards Distributing Houses South San Francisco, San Mateo Co., Cal. San Francisco, Oakland, San Jose, Sacramento Si John Roll, President John D. Keller, Secretary and Manager % Gnkrprist Wanufacturinq Co, I : »2 A Incorporated 1900 Manufacturers aud Dealers in All Kinds of I Hastings of Brass and Iron | We have a Complete Equipped Machine and Blacksmith Shop Ji Forbes Cultivators, Power Spray Pumps, Orchard and Packers ' Supplies a Specialty « ALL ORDERS GIVEN PROMPT ATTENTION t X Telephone Black 1482 327-347 West Santa Clara Street, San Jose, Cal. V t THE REDWOOD »2 FOR w. Duck Motor Cycles Bicycles, New or Second Hand Expert Guaranteed Repair Work All Kinds of Sundries and Supplies go to F. BRACHiER, looo Franklin Street, Santa Clara M. SHIRLE, Dealer in BOOTS AND SHOES III South First Street San Jose, Cal. OBERBEENER S PHARMACY Eastman ' s Kodaks and Supplies Telephone Grant 471 1038 Franklin Street, Santa Clara SPECIALTIES Celebrated " Renown " Brand Baking Powder Coffees Green, Roasted and Ground. Direct Importers of Teas Ruby Red Brand of Corn Strictly Pure California Olive Oil Pure Beeswax Candles Plain and Ornamental Stearic Acid Candles All Sizes Charcoal, Incense Eight Day Sanctuary Oil Wicks, Etc. A.J.RANKIN Co. ls f$ortei s and Wh Usalt grocers - 302 Battery Street, San Francisco Phone Main 1340 ROLL BROS. Real Estate and Insurance Phone North 60 Santa Clara, Calif THK REDWOOD I Wtieeler ' Restaurant I c:: a»i, O- H. WHEEI R, Cater er . - - Tamales and Oysters Corner Third and Santa Clara Streets San Jose, Cal. Pacific IttanufactMritifl Company Dealers in mouldings. Doors and Olindows eeneral mill Ulork Tel. North 401. SANTA CLARA, CAL. ago § i " § iJ § Office Hours — 9 a. m. to 12 m. and i to 5 p. m. § i DR. T. M. CARMICHAEL Phone White 961 vSt. Luis Buildinj i DENTIST 115 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. S PO RTI N G GOODS Football Supplies Athletic Suits and Uniforms MARKET Factory — 24 Second St. San Francisco 0 f( o o o ' c o o ' f W ' W «§ THE REDWOOD ARE YOU GOING TO PLAY FOOTBALL ? ij We Have Just What You Need. JERSEYS AND SWEATERS Quality — the Best. Prices — the Lowest. •X 3 YOU SELECT THE COLORS-WE DO THE REST I OUR MII,I,S ARE THE LARGEST IN THE WEST Cl lt J f 20 POST STR] BT All the I atest Styles in HATS OVEHCOATS SUIT CAS: S CI,UB BAGS : TC. Exclusive Patterns in BUSINESS SUITINGS TUXBDOS Fui i, DR:ess ETC. wfii B Bopsou 29 WEST SANTA CI ARA ST., SAN JOSE, CAI IFORNIA S 4 ' Cenleitto Hope (Sonnet) Sophomore i Ethics of Repose - - W.f. McKagney, Soph. Spec ' I 2 Not Inspired (Poem) - - - Raul de la Guardia, ' 08 9 The Adventurer Invisibi e Martin V. Merle, tin. Spec ' I 10 Autumn (Poem) - - - Raymond Caver ly, ' 08 14 In Hoc Signo Vinces (Sonnet Symposium) Sophomore Class 15 Theory and Practice of Ci assification R. E. Fitzgerald, ' 08 18 When I Am Dead (Poem) - Richard de la Guardia, ' 08 22 An Accepted Sacrifice - - Milton Moraghan, ' 7 23 Evening (Poem) . . . . Robt. Y. Hayne, ' 08 29 Editorials — The New College - 30 Volume the Fourth - 31 The Proper Spirit 32 The Return of " Everyman " ... - - 33 College Notes 34 Auld lyANG Syne - 40 In the Library --------- 42 Exchanges -------- - 43 Athletics 46 Nace Printing Co ClBro ?™T Santa Clara.Cal VICE- PREISIDENT " |icf a.elO Reiljy. SECREITARV Offickrs of the Studknt Body. Entered Dec. t8, i(p2, at Santa Clara, Calif, as second-class matter, under Act of Congress of March j, iS7 ). Vol. IV. SANTA CLARA, CAI.., OCT. i, 1904. No. i HOPE weve 2ad io think ihai life should end iih death ' s cold hand upon us laid; ' were sad to think that we were made 0 p ' ieve, to si$ h and then to hlend J fith earth, without a hope to rise eyond the £rave, heyond the loom f the strait, silent, hideous tomh; ' were sad to know hut sohs and si hs! ut ah! the blest words still resound: ' ' he avior liveth by Jlfhose mi£ht e shall awake io endless li ht, i wake, and rise with £lorif crowned. Sophomore. THE REDWOOD THE ETHICS OF REPOSE A Study of Tennyson ' s " St. Agnes ' Eve " and " The lyOtus-Eaters. " The advocates of " the strenuous life " have a mighty follow- ing, because the strenuous life, when it is displayed in all its vary- ing forms, appeals, as nothing else does, to the animal element in man. The strenuous life is a life of excitement and recreation and the lover of excitement and recreation takes to it much the same as the bee takes to honey. It is natural for man to be active, and so predominant has this natural craving become that there is no room nowadays for the contemplative, whether of the poetic or of the religious cast of mind. The age of poetry, some think, is gone and with it all love for quietude. The spirit of religion, according to others, though not quite dead, is growing more and more mili- tant. If brief the world is developing an inordinate love for ma- chinery in general and for autocycles and automobiles in particu- lar. Thought, real thought, is failing us because we have attached our hearts to the material, and for the most part, to the material in motion. For these and similar reasons I cannot understand the action of those who make an apostolate of strenuosity. The author.of the essay entitled " ' Sir Galahad ' and ' Ulysses ' " in last month ' s issue of the Redwood attempted something like this and boldly did he insist on activity. His principle was good enough in itself, but the application is apt to lead one into an erroneous view of life. With his ideas alone to guide us, we would forever be on the alert, forever in action and our minds would be in danger of death from starvation, while we pampered the flesh. For that too much physical activity, such as he advocated, is a species of flesh indul- gence is evident. The youth from eight to eighteen is by nature more active than his elders, but the beast is naturally more active than he. Wisdom is sedate; Frivolity is ever on the move. Not that I condemn strenuosity; it is, especially when guided by intelligence, a noble quality in any man; but because its oppo- site, passivity, has been oftentimes ennobled and elevated, it may be well to study both sides of the shield and to see when, where THE REDWOOD and how long we may pause. " How dull it is to pause, " says Ulysses in Tennyson; but in the same poet we find a beautiful pic- ture of repose in " St. Agnes ' Eve. " Maybe both qualities are laudatory and maybe both have their faults. At all events it will do no harm to delay on the nature of repose after having been re- galed in last month ' s Rkdwood by a plea for action. I. In the first place, what is repose? We find the word vari- ously used by various authors: " Have ye chosen this place After the toil of battle to repose Your wearied virtue? " asks Satan of the terrified companions of his fall; — and W. W. Hall tells us that " the three best medicines in the world are warmth, abstinence and repose, ' ' while Emerson with his characteristic odd- ity speaks thus: ' ' Repose and cheerfulness are the badges of a gentleman. " In all three quotations there is an approach to the root meaning of the word, but in Milton it is more than an ap- proach; it is the root meaning. Re-pauso, to pause, is a late Eatin term traceable however to the old Greek z , i x Mx: pause, which means " to make an end, " ' ' to put a stop to, " so that in Tennyson ' s line: " How dull it is to pause to make an end, " we have similar terms which may also stand for the word before us, repose, with this limitation, that the afl x re must be taken to imply rest after work. Briefly then repose means the act of tak- ing rest or the state of being at rest after action. Now as there are mental activities and physical activities in man, there needs must be mental repose and physical repose and a combination of both, or absolute repose. The terms are self-ex- planatory and need but a few illustrations to be grasped in all their fullness of significance. Sleep, provided there be no dreams to call on mental activities, is typical of absolute repose. In fact it is the only type, for though sleep ' s brother, death, may suggest something even more absolute, the truth of the matter is that in the sleep of death there are dreams and more than dreams. Death may be taken as a perfect form of physical repose, because in death all the physical activities are suspended, while the powers of the mind become more active than ever. For an illustration of mental THE REDWOOD repose, as distinct from the absolute, we seek in vain. The mind of man must work; it is a restless, energetic, tireless agent and its activities cannot be suspended except in sleep. But that is abso- lute repose, and what we want is a type of mental repose as dis- tinct from the absolute and from the physical. The dumb ox would serve the purpose admirably, but that would take us out of our field; we have to do with man. The only illustration therefore is that state of intellectual torpor into which man sometimes falls and which makes him comparable to the ox, " a brother to the ox, " " soul-quenched, " a " thing that grieves not and that never hopes. " So much for the varying nature of repose. To study its mor- ality is another and a far more difficult thing, and yet it is only after an earnest study of its morality that one is justified in an- swering the question already put: When, where and how long may we pause? " It may be dull to pause, but it certainly is not always wrong. To re pose our wearied virtue after exertions is a necessity, to repose in sleep from physical and mental efforts is also a necessity, and though some strenuous minds of old cried out in an excess of ardor: ' ' Deliver us from our necessities, O I ord " — they were not delivered therefrom, nor can any mortal hope for such a boon. Dull then and disagreeable as it may be for " hungry hearts " to pause, pause they must, and taking all in all, they will find that life is a stern mistress requiring almost as much time for rest as she allows for labor. To hearts that are not hungry she may not appear stern in this that she demands so much rest, but in this that she does not allow more. According to the motive, therefore, with which man seeks re- pose, will the morality of his action be determined. But because the moral qualities of an action are more easily grasped from posi- tive elements, we must find something positive in repose. This is easily done; in physical repose there is always some degree of mental activity and indeed, the greater the physical repose, pro- vided it does not approach the absolute, the more intense are the mental activities. So on the other hand in mental repose there will ever be found a degree of physical activity, varying in intensity according to the nature of the repose. In absolute rest alone shall we find an absence of activity. Our motive therefore in seeking physical repose may be and generally is mental activity; our motive THE REDWOOD in seeking mental repose is physical activity; our motive in seeking absolute repose is a desire to avoid all kinds of activity. Now if the order of thought be superior to the physical order and the physical order be above the state of absolute quietude, we may make our classification thus, numbering in the order of merit the dif- ferent phases of activity: First mental activity; secondly, physical activity; thirdly, the absence of activity, or quietude. Again by changing these terms to the corresponding form of repose we have: First, phj sical repose; secondly, mental repose; thirdly, absolute repose. There may of course be various degrees of morality in all three cases, but it will be sufficient to keep the general principles in mind and to apply them according as cases arise. I proposed to apply them to two very interesting cases, ' ' St. Agnes ' Eve " and " The Lotus-Eaters " and for this reason I thought it proper to be profuse in my explanation of the general terms, before I attempted an application. II. It may occur to some that at best it is prosaic to try these principles on Tennyson ' s poems and at worst it is comparable to an attempt to test a problem in mathematics by its " fluidity of movement and liquidness of diction; " but poems and poets must be approached according to our capacity. If we cannot drink in all the hidden pleasure at a gulp, we must sip the honeyed flowers; if we cannot gather the full meaning in one reading, we must read the poem over and over again, and if it helps us to analyze and to break the piece up into prose, we may analyze and break it up into prose. This is my intent. To begin with " St. Agnes ' Eve. " This poem may be called a soliloquy in which — I was going to say — St. Agnes unburdens her heart; but it is not St. Agnes. The poet had in mind no particular saint and no particular person; he gives us a picture of an ordi- nary nun praying in the silence of night that she may be released from the bonds of the flesh. Originally the piece was entitled " St. Agnes, " but as that might have been misleading and as it certainly was inappropriate, the poet changed it to the present form. He would, I think, have been more happy in selecting as his title, " Sister Agnes " for this reason that the poem is nothing whatever but the prayer of some indefinite nun. THE REDWOOD This however is not the point in hand. What we want is the element of repose in this beautiful poem. It is a picture of a heart only, of a heart touched by immortal love, but this is enough for us. There is something similar, perhaps the arch-type of the poet ' s idea, in one of the Psalms, where the Israelites are represented in distant Ba bylon sighing for their return to Jerusalem. " Upon the rivers of Babylon there we sat and wept; when we remembered Sion. " Thus Sister Agnes longs to be united to her God, longs that her spirit be made pure and clear and that in raiment white and clean she may stand a glittering star, a peerless bride before the throne of the Lamb. Hers is a beautiful soul, if there is any beauty on earth, and Tennyson ' s poem is an admirable expression of this beauty. She is represented as looking out from the convent windows on the snows that are " sparkling to the moon, " and as she thus looks out, she has no other thought than to be made pure as the snow-drops, clear as the frosty skies, and fearing the possi- bility of stain she prays that, as her breath ascends to Heaven, her soul may follow soon. " Break up the Heavens, O Lord, and far Thro ' all yon starlight keen, Draw me, thy bride, a glittering star In raiment white and clean. " And again: " The gates Roll back and far within For me the Heavenly Bridegroom waits To make me pure of sin. The Sabbath of Eternity, One Sabbath deep and wide — A light upon the shining sea — The Bridegroom with his bride! " There may be strains in literature more beautiful than this, but because this approaches the height of the beautiful they are of neces- sity few. In " St. Agnes ' Eve, " Tennyson rose to the summit of his inspiration; nothing in him is more expressive, nothing more calcu- lated to lift the soul. And yet this is a picture in repose, physical repose, it is true and as such the highest form, but it is repose THE REDWOOD none the less. What then becomes of the plea for constant activ- ity? If this piece is beautiful in poetry, it is so merely because it reflects what is in reality beautiful, and unless one is prepared to look upon " Sister Agnes " as a type of the weak, the common ver- dict must be that repose is sometimes as praiseworthy if not more so than strenuosity. But here I am a little obscure. Is the picture before us one of repose? It may be and if so it is that " wise passiveness " of which Wordsworth speaks. Taking it thus we must regard the prayer of the nun as a mere longing of the heart, as a response to the appeal of the outside world. But we may consider that pure soul at work and then we have mental activity, and it is a question of mental against physical activity. If the restlessness of Ulysses and the enthusiasm of Galahad are more soul-elevating than the calmness of Sister Agnes there will of course be no controversy, but because the calmness of that wintry evening and the fervor of that loving prayer appeals more to the human heart than the strenuosity of the Greek hero and of the Christian knight, we must conclude that repose is sometimes more beautiful than action or, what is the same thing, that mental is superior to physical activity. We have thus made some progress and this, it would seems towards a common footing. The author of " ' Sir Galahad ' and ' Ulysses ' " has written a plea for activity. I have gradually come to the same conclusion. The difference between him and me is that we are each advocating the same thing but apparently along different lines. I say apparently because in truth he, in speaking of physical activity, did not necessarily disregard mental effort and I, in voicing the praises of mental activity, do not for a moment under- value physical activity. What we need is to temper both. This may more fully develop if we turn to the other Tennysonian model of repose, " The Eotus-Eaters. " The personalities in this Greek reproduction, — for like " Ulysses " this is taken from the Greek, — are to be studied from the poem in its entirety. The Lotus-Eaters are melancholy individuals, whose voices are thin " as voices from the grave, " who seem, though really awake, to be deep asleep, who sit them down upon the shore and listen to the music of nature and think within them- THE REDWOOD selves of the uselessness of toil and trouble. In their quietude, they would above all things be left alone. " Death is the end of life; oh, why Should life all labor be? Let us alone! Time drive th onward fast, And in a little while our lips are dumb. Let us alone! " Thus sing they as they lend their spirits to mild-eyed melan- choly. They find some pleasure in recollections of the past, but to be ' propt on beds of amaranth and moly " and thus propt " To watch the long bright river drawing slowly His waters from the purple hill — " is far more delightful than memories of the past. Now if we consider the circumstances governing all this, we may arrive at a true estimate of this kind of repose. The scene is in the afternoon in an isle where " it seemed always afternoon. " The full-faced moon stands above the valley and looks down upon streams that make their way to the " slumberous sheet of foam. " In the distant west three mountain tops are seen, three snow- capped, sunset-flushed pinnacles. The air is heavy, the mariners are fatigued, and the Lotus begets weariness. Their condition therefore is what might be called a species of our modern ' Spring- fever. " To indulge for a fortnight or more after their toilsome voyage might have been legitimate; but though they have homes far away, they vow to return no more, they swear an oath to lie, like the gods, beside their nectar, careless of mankind; in brief they long for continual absolute repose. This is the element which we must study. Absolute repose is possible in sleep alone. Sleep is a neces- sity of nature and legitimate merely because it is a necessity; to seek it in excess is morally wrong. The Lotus-Eaters therefore represent a species of culpable repose; it is culpable because unnatural, just as on the other hand unnatural activity, when not forced, would be culpable. Where then do I differ from him whom I intended to refute ? Merely in this: " We need more ' Galahads ' and more men of the ' Ulysses ' type. ' " he concluded. That is truly said, but all is not THE REDWOOD said. What we need is activity physical or mental; and in truth because physical life is more natural and therefore more wide- spread, it is for mental activity that our voice should be raised, not necessarily for the kind exemplified in Tennyson ' s St. Agnes ' Eve " but for thought, constant, systematic thought, and for con- templation which begets thought. Physical life is now as never before cultivated with universal zeal,but the soul, as I said, in open- ing this little attempt, the soul is in danger of death from starva- tion while we are pampering the flesh. W. J. McKagney, Soph. Spec ' l. NOT INSPIRED (TRIOI.KT) I intended to write But I was not inspired; I started in spite, — I intended to write. But, alas! it was night And my muse had retired; I intended to write But I was not inspired. RAUI. DE I.A GUARDIA, ' o8. lo THE REDWOOD THE ADVENTURER INVISIBLE, (An Orientai, Extravaganza) In looking over last evening ' s mail I came across a most re- markable letter bearing the post mark of Port Arthur and dated June 25, 1904. The writing on the envelope was unfamiliar and, when I opened the letter and read the signature, I found that the writer also was unknown to me. His name was Roger Wilkins Dodge and had it not been for my personal interest in the matter I would have thrown the epistle aside and have voted Mr. Dodge a thoroughbred crank. As it was I read the letter through several times and I have determined to give the contents to the public just as they are, fearing that I would be accused of insincerity were I to narrate the substance in my own words. The letter runs as follows: " Port Arthur, June 25, 1904. Mr. Sampson Gables, New York City, New York. My Dear Sir: Having read several accounts of your wonderful discoveries, I take the liberty of addressing these lines to you, in order to re- late the marvellous experience I have had. To begin with, my name is Roger Wilkins Dodge. By profession I am an operator in the employ of the American Wireless Telegraphy Co. On the twenty-first of last April I was sent with two others on an expedi- tion to India for experimental purposes. One evening on board the steamer I wandered into the smoking salon and picked up a copy of " The Scientific World, " which contained one of your articles on " Phceba " and its remarkable transforming properties. I became interested in it at once, for though it seemed strange and fanciful at first to think that a colorless fluid made up of but a few chemicals could produce the wonderful effects mentioned by you, yet I was convinced after serious thought that there was some- thing in your discovery, and determined to give it more than pass- ing thought. To add to my interest you wrote that the chemicals of the compound were to be procured only in India, the very country THE REDWOOD ii whither I was going, and that though the secret was known to several of the native priests, they failed to utilize their knowledge except for purposes of magic. Thus a vehement desire to study the wonders of the drug seized on me and with little thought of my wireless telegraphy, I reflected night and day on the possibil- ities of ' Thoeba. " The night before we reached Calcutta, I was introduced to a certain Major Brigham Hudson, a retired officer of the English Lancers, who, desirous to set up a wireless telegraphic station at Port Arthur, and unable to gain an entrance, had determined to while away his time in India. As we were both of a scientific temperament, we passed many hours discussing the various prob- lems confronting the world today. He was all wireless telegraphy, I was all ' Thoeba, " and the result of our many conversations was this: that if I succeeded in getting into Port Arthurhe would pay me the sum of ten thousand dollars and defray all my incidental ex- penses, i agreed, of course, and added that, if in twenty days he did not hear from me, he could call the bargain off. He was to await the result at Bosia, where the English had already estab- lished a station in the hope of receiving messages from the seat of war. So much for the Major; I had now to arrange matters with my American companions. This was easily done however, for when I explained the nature of my coming venture, they agreed to do my share of the work and to await with patience for my return. I accordingly left them for Berga, where, rumor had it, the cele- brated priest Raba performed his wonderful preternatural feats. If there was such a thing as " Phoeba " it would surely be found here and I determined to watch the priest. One night as I wan- dered down to the hedge that surrounded the magician ' s home and gazed through a window on the ground floor I could see, by the dim light of an oriental lamp, a number of glass tubes, jars, mortars, and other chemical instruments that made it evident to me that I was gazing into Raba ' s laboratory. The light was to me a sufficient indication that he was about to experiment, and curi- osity urged me to conceal myself behind the hedge and to await developments. As I was thus gazing into the lighted chamber, a tall figure 12 THE REDWOOD with turbaned head and loose flowing robes glided from a dark room at the other end of the building into the laboratory before me. The figure paused for a moment, then moved quietly to the door and stood framed there in the narrow archway. It was the priest; a man of years, with a great long white beard, and deep dark eyes set beneath overhanging brows that gave him a preter- natural aspect. Satisfying himself that no one was about, he went back into the room and stood before a large, queerly constructed cage. I had not noticed the cage before, but now, that it seemed to be a thing of interest, I looked attentively and saw that it contained a monkey of more than ordinary size. What part a monkey could play in Raba ' s laboratory puzzled me and I crossed the hedge and moved closer to the window through which I now had a perfect view of the room. The priest drew a small vial from beneath his robes and at the same time opening the cage he seized the monkey, and poured the contents of the vial into his mouth. In a few moments the poor dumb creature disappeared, and the priest with a smile of contentment closed the cage and gazed at the vial wonderingly. A cold nervous perspiration covered my face, my hair stood on ends, I was excited but it was the excitement of victory. I knew the Raba ' s secret. It was " Phceba! " Quicker than thought I formed my plan. Running noiselessly over the grass to the window which opened into the closet on the other end of the building, I gazed anxiously into the interior. The light in the laboratory had been extinguished; all now was dark and as I softly lifted the window I heard the retiring footsteps of the chemist. Then in all haste I climbed into the room, struck a match and held it high over my head. By a strange piece of good fortune, my eyes fell directly on a small narrow bottle containing a colorless fluid. I examined it carefully. Just enough was missing to account for the contents of the vial, the cork was but half pressed into the neck and I perceived several drops of the liquid on the table. It was evident to me that this was the mysterious " Phceba " or that I was as near to it as I could ever hope to be. I accordingly seized the bottle (in the interest of science, I thought at the time, though THE REDWOOD 13 on further reflection I think I must in some way repay the priest) and with it I hastened to my abode. Realizing that the priest would miss his precious liquid in the morning and in all probability suspect me, his nearest neighbor, I decided on my course immediately. My valise containing the telegraphic receiver and transmitter was the first victim of " Phoeba. " I poured the liquid over it and in a moment it was invisible. I felt and ascertained that it was still there but I could not see it. The success of this first trial made me bold and in a moment I had all my clothes piled in a heap before me and with a. generous dose of the mysterious fluid they were soon out of sight When I put them on (which was a difficult operation, for I had to proceed as one blind and trust to the touch) I walked over to my mirror to examine matters. I think I would have fainted had I not been prepared for the phenomenon. There in mid-air without any apparent support I beheld my face, ghastly pale, I must con- fess, but for all that clothed in a smile of satisfaction. My only difficulty now was to do away with my face and the thought that my clothes remained, the same, though invisible, moved me to the final test. After a brief pause, a shudder and a moment ' s hesita- tion, I seized the bottle and swallowed several mouthfuls. There was no taste and for a few seconds no effect. Soon, however, I began to tremble and to twitch convulsively, I grew dizzy, my head pained, the room went round and round and I was mov- ing, it seemed, in quick nervous jerks. I remained that way for some time ; but when the sickly feel- ing had passed away I felt as if nothing at all had happened. I gazed about inquiringly; the room was just the same, the light flickered in the soft breeze that crept through the half open window and I was almost afraid that my plan of transformation had failed. Again I walked over to the mirror, and though I saw distinctly the reflection of everything that came within the angle of the glass, there was not the slightest image of Roger Wilkins Dodge. All was in readiness now. I,orrather " Phoebe " had conquered and with invisible grip in hand and myself invisible I started towards the dock whence, I understood, a steamer was soon to sail to Yokohama. At twelve I was aboard and at three well out on the waters traveling carte blanche with all the comforts of a big 14 THE REDWOOD liner and the excitement of my extraordinary predicament. I slept in an unoccupied stateroom and was occasionally amused to hear the purser call attention to the draught that opened the door as I entered or came from the room. Another little variety con- sisted in what was evidently very annoying to the other folks. Oftentimes when the steamer rocked I would sway up against a neighbor and stand back to witness the look of wonderment and awe that followed. Arriving at Yokohama I found to my very great pleasure that the Imperial Nakiti was to sail for Port Arthur on the follow- ing morning. I boarded her of course and we steamed out as scheduled shortly before sunrise on the following day. I thus reached the port, entered without any difficulty and hastened to send a wireless message to my friend in India. It was the nineteenth day of my bargain and I was anxious to catch the Major before the day passed. After an hour or two of constant messages I received the long wished for answer. The Major was delighted with my success, stated that he had deposited the money in my name at the National Bank of Calcutta and re- quested me to keep him informed on all the movements of the two armies. I have been doing so for the last three days now but this invisible life is becoming monotonous and I am anxious to solve the problem of re-transformation. If you happen to hit on anything that has this property, please send it at once to Your Humble Servant, Rodger Wilkins Dod ge, The Invisible. " Martin V. Mkrlk, Jun. Special. AUTUMN The winds of autumn wail and sigh Among the gnarled branches old. The far long reaches of the sky Have lost their purple and their gold; And thou, my heart forlorn, e en thou Must sorrow with the leafless bough. Raymond Cavkri.y, ' o8. THE REDWOOD 15 IN HOC SIGNO VINCES (A symposium in verse written as class exercise on the Feast of The Exulta- tion of The Holy Cross by members of the Sophomore Class.) Replendent with celestial glory, raised High in the heavens a Cross appeared, — its light A rival to the sun in splendor, — bright Beyond the power of human eyes it dazed All who beheld. With fear and trembling gazed The barbarous horde led on by Constantine, The pagan Emperor, who saw the sign Despised of Rome, and seeing was amazed That Heaven thus honored what the Romans scoffed. Anon in golden characters appeared " in this sign conquer " and the Emperor doffed His helmet and on bended knees revered The Cross. On all his banners it was wrought, Victorious sign ' neath which his warriors fought. L. D. Woodford, ' 07. Lo! how on Pilate ' s porch the Savior stands. Bleeding from every pore; how on His head, — Round which on Tabor ' s mount a glory spread. That blasted human gaze, — barbaric hands, Responsive to a tyrant ' s stern commands, Have crushed the crown of thorns, ah me ! the dread And awful sacrilege ! Yet He doth shed With willing heart His blood to break the bands Of sin, to conquer; but not this alone; The worst is yet to come, the worst remains; High in the Heavens, exalted on His throne The Father even more than this ordains. The Cross must triumph, else no hope had we To rise from sin and sin ' s cruel bondage free. M. C. O ' TooLE, ' 07. 1 6 THE REDWOOD And Pilate spake: " Ye will it so,— -beware! Not mine the guilt; your priesthood crucifies This Man of God — Let it be done! ' ' And cries And shouts of maddened frenzy rent the air. Ah could we then have heard the Savior ' s prayer, As He beheld the Cross before Him rise ! Ah could we then have looked with tear-dimmed eyes Into His soul and read the workings there! " O Cross, sweet Cross, sweeter than all else sweet ! O Cross, cruel Cross, I longed for thine embrace! Straightened was I to see thee and to greet Thee, Key of Heaven, Bolt of Hell ' s grim gates, Sweet token of th ' eternal bliss that waits For all who seek thy vivifying grace. " Raymond Hicks, ' 07. My Father why hast Thou abandoned me? The fickle mob, the senseless priests that stare And mock and scoff and jibe and fill the air With shouts of sinful, base-earned victory, — The presence of my well beloved three, My Mother, John and Mary, I could bear. And all the sorrows that like vultures tear My soul; but ah! abandoned and by Thee! " Thus thought the Savior though He spoke not all, And thus the Father answered the sad call: " My son. Thou hast not conquered yet, the Cross Must vanquish sin and death, not power divine; But victory, My Son, will soon be Thine And Thou shalt thus repair man ' s dreadful loss. Albert Pearce, ' 07. THE REDWOOD 17 Three hundred years of persecution, then But not till then the Church came forth to rule, Came forth triumphant from the dreadful school Of suffering and of anguish, crowned a Queen With jewels won beneath the Cross by men And tender maids, thro shame and ridicule; Won in the Coliseum where the pool Of blood grew larger day b} day, as when A copious fountain oft times bursteth free; And when she gained her Cross-earned victory Aloft she raised that Cross on pinnacle The banner in her conflict with the foe, The source of strength, sole comfort here below Against the mad assaults of envious hell. Joseph Brown, ' 07. And so adown the ages she has come Victorious in the Cross; without it foiled; But shame in that sweet emblem ne ' er has soiled The fair escutcheon of the Church of Rome. Mark how her thousand virgins flee from home, From wealth and honors and the joys of earth; How some heroic souls of noble birth Leave all their pageant glory, seek the gloom. As it is called, of consecrated love! Some crucify themselves and some are slain In distant countries where they seek to prove That Christ their Lord is with them, that again He dieth in His martyrs to restore The world of sin, that darkling grows the more. Floyd Allen, ' 07. i8 THE REDWOOD THi:ORY AND PRACTICE OF CLASSI nCATION It is related in the September issue of the Review of Review s that a certain gentleman ' s power of Classification is contributing vastly to the success of the lyouisiana Purchase Exposition. With- out this it would be a failure. Indeed, to take a few extreme cases, how disappointing might it not be for visitors to find exhib- its that bear on education intermingled with those that bear on agriculture. Suppose for a moment large locomotive engines or dynamos placed side by side with the archeological specimens in the Art Museum, relieved every now and then by masterpieces of painting and sculpture. Imagine the Russians, had they not wise- ly withdrawn beforehand, and the Japanese occupying booths in dangerously close proximity to each other. The result assuredly would be ' confusion worse confounded ' : we might behold the scenes of Port Arthur and Liaoyang re-enacted on a small scale within our peace-loving borders. It is not so, because the management understood the distribution of men and things, — they were inad- vertently applying the principles of a widely important logical process, that permeates the whole of our human existence and ac- companies it in the shop alike and in the farm, in the class room and in the theater, in the park and in the home, in the large en- enterprise and in the small. Its purpose is to afford a mastery over all facts or things of a particular kind. " The object of Classification, " says Welton in his Manual of Logic, ' is to so arrange in order the facts with which we are dealing that we can most easily acquire the greatest possi- ble command over them and can economize statements, and so lighten the tasks imposed on memory, — by being able to convey a large amount of information in a few words. " Evidently that does not require a thorough knowledge of the theory, though such a knowledge is very useful, but it does require a considerable know- ledge of the objects classified; in truth, to employ a technical phrase, it is almost entirely material rather than formal in i ts con- tents precisely as such. THE REDWOOD 19 I have said that Classification does not require a theoretical knowledge, a knowledge of the rules by which it must be guided; and my assertion is just, though in a certain sense it may be dis- puted. The ordinary everyday shelving and casing of wares needs no rules which we have learned by study; they are directed by a certain native instinct, so called, of the right and the wrong methods of procedure, inherent in every rational creature. But for one who wishes to dive more deeply into the matter there are certain precepts that he must penetrate and follow in order to have perfection. He must commence at the beginning, and ad- vancing step by step finally reach the end, consciously and delib- erately. He is primarily to look to the chief heads and the basis thereof. Contemplate the scientific gardener in his hot house or his nursery; he does not set it out at haphazard, putting the plants and flowers in whatever place first comes to hand, but he arranges them, perhaps according to their value, or their color, or their sus- ceptibility to winds and weather. Each or any of these would form a basis, 2i fund amentum divisionis, and he adheres to it strictly throughout, when once he has determined on it. Any departure from it would be a besetting sin. A word will demonstrate the general utility of this. There is not a subject that is not much more easily handled and thoroughly comprehended when its parts are properly ordered. Of course the mode of Classification differs with the scope, even for the same ob- jects. This may best be shown by an example. Plants fall under one head for Physicians, under another for Botanists, and under still a third for Agriculturists. Physicians are concerned with c u- rative properties. Botanists with shape, color, size, affinities; Agri- culturists with the power of sale, tempered by adaptability to cli- matic and other conditions. The settling of the basis and the work itself conform to two main laws: 1. The higher the group the more important should be the attributes that go to form it, and 2. The classification should be graduated, so that the groups more intimately related to each other may be nearest together, and so that the distance of one group from another may be an indica- tion of the amount of dissimilarity. 20 THE REDWOOD These laws scarcely demand an explanation, though perhaps a short one would not be ill-timed. The first is more fundamental, for almost all depends upon our ability or inability to decide which of the attributes are the most important. In a special Classification it is, of course, that which has the most connection with the subject in hand, but where our subject is general, as in the present case, those are the most im- portant which " contribute most, either by themselves, or by their effects, to render the things like one another, and unlike other things, which give to the class composed of them the most marked individuality, which fill, as it were, the largest space in their ex- istence, and would impress the attention of a spectator who knew all their properties, but was not specially interested in any. " But as to the manner in which we shall discover these attributes, it depends pretty much on our analysis of inextricably connected phenomena. Besides, as we can never expect to know all the possible aspects of things, we must ever be ready to hold our Classification subject to a revision, with the advance of knowledge. The simplicity of the second law and its meaning are obvious. The observance of these laws is made easier in great part by the system of Scientific Nomenclature, with which, indeed, they are indissolubly connected. No Classification could long remain fixed without a corresponding Nomenclature, and every good No- menclature involves a good system of Classification. " And again, as Whewell remarks, " System and Nomenclature are each essen- tial to the other. Without Nomenclature the system is not perma- nently incorporated into the general body of knowledge and made an instrument of future progress. Without System, the names can- not express general truths and contain no reason why they should be employed in preference to any other names. " But what is this system which is so essential to Classification? In is defined by Welton as ' a system of names for the groups of which Classifica- tion consists. " It is only those sciences, however, such as Chemistry, Botany, and Zoology, which have a fairly complete and acknowledged Classification, that possess a true general Nomenclature. There are chiefly two methods of producing a good system of Nomencla- ture. The first, that which has, since the time of Linnaeus, been THE REDWOOD 21 adopted in Botany and Zoology, that of combining names of high- er and lower generality to form the higher and lower groups. The second, used principally in Chemistry is that in which the names indicate relations of things by modification of their form. We re- fer the reader to the standard authorities on these two branches for illustrations. Nomenclature also requires as subsidiary aid, a sys- tem of Terminology embracing the appellations of the various acci- dental qualities in terms requisite for the description of the individ- uals, of the species and the genera. Botany, which owes its Nomen- clature to Linnaeus, is also indebted to him for its Terminology, it being the only science which as yet can display Nomenclature and Terminology in all their completeness. We have thus briefly, and to say the least, inadequately, dis- cussed the theory and practice of Classification. We have not ex- hausted it, nevertheless we have seen that it is far reaching in all connections, and that, though simple in its structure, it has its basis and its scope, with its two underlying principles, which, when reinforced by two systems — one of Nomenclature, the other of Terminology, produce the most gratifying results throughout our commercial and scientific pursuits, and even in our pleasures. Modern instances substantiate its claim to keeping abreast of the progress of the age. There is an ancient instance that guarantees it also a venerable respectability, — the most ancient of the ancient. God Himself first classified, when, as commemorated in the initial chapter of Genesis, He divided the light from the darkness, the waters from the dry lands, and the sun, the moon and the stars from both, the plants from the animals, the fishes from the birds and the beasts of the fields, and all from the more perfect man: ' ' pulchrum pulcherrimus Ipse Mundum mente gerens similique ab imagine formans. " R. E. FlTZGERAI D, ' 06. 22 THE REDWOOD WHEN I AM DEAD. " When I am dead, my dearest, May thy heart forsake me ne ' er; This is my last petition. This is my dying prayer. When I am dead, my dearest, Let no tears bedew thy face. For tears soon dry and vanish And leave behind no trace; But when a sad remembrance Thy heart fills with despair. Seek not relief in weeping. Seek it in silent prayer. When I am dead, my dearest, Let no flowers bedeck my tomb, For flowers soon die and wither. And waste their sweet perfume; But take unto the altar These flowers and lay them there; And kneeling me remember. Remember me in prayer. When I am dead, my dearest, Let not time ' s hand efface From out thy mind where lieth My last, long resting place; Go to the lonel} churchyard In the stilly twilight air Seek out my tomb and o ' er it. Breathe forth a fervent prayer. When I am dead, my dearest, Let thy heart forsake me ne ' er; This is my last petition, This is my dying prayer. Richard A. de la Guardia, ' o8. THE REDWOOD 23 AN ACCEPTED SACRIFICE It was an October evening in the year 1903, and the shadows were lengthening out from the long low hills that toward the west overlooked the city of L — in northern France. Behind them the sun was setting with a crimson glow as if he were burning with shame and indignation at the events he had been forced to witness that day. And truly of all the miserable scenes, his eye had be- held in this valley of tears, those of the afternoon just closing had been amongst the most cowardly and cruel. A band of twenty- six women, who, in order to prove more useful for the service of God and their neighbor, had left all that the world holds dear, to live together in the cloister according to the rule of Sisters of Misericorde, had been driven into exile by the brutal power of tyranny. They had led lives of heroic self-sacrifice, they had nursed the sick and fed the poor, they had been an eye to the blind and a foot to the lame, they had striven to lead all, and especially the young, to the love of God. This last was their un- pardonable sin in the eyes of Combes and his fiendlike crew. France must be rid of the religious at any cost. Why obliterate God from the Constitutions and tolerate Him in the teaching of youth ? So the poor nuns had to go, as so many of their profession have gone, to exile among strangers. The officials fearing an out- break on the part of the people — for the mass of the French people still love virtue — had sent a detatchment of four hundred soldiers to escort the sad procession from the convent to the railroad station, and to put down with a heavy hand any signs of dissatisfaction. Promptly at two o ' clock the government representatives had en- tered the convent, ordered the sisters out of the home that had belonged to their congregation for generations, and sealed the door, while the expelled inmates quietly and meekly and without delay proceeded in double file to the station. Their appearance was greeted by the majority of people with tears and sobs, mingled with fierce cries of indignation. The aged, the poor and the friendless wept aloud as they saw their gentle benefactors, les bonnes soeurs, leaving them forever. Many fell on their knees to 24 THE REDWOOD beg their prayers and blessing, others strewed flowers in the way, while even young girls braved the rudeness and the gibes of the soldiery to force their way to the sisters, to press small gifts upon them, and to wish them God-speed. One poor old nun, a wan feeble invalid eighty-five years of age was carried in a litter by four of her companions. They had not gone very far when, owing no doubt to the unusual excitement, the poor old sister quietly breathed her last. She had gone to her Father ' s home, whence French-Masonic brutality shall never force her into exile. As the news of the pathetic event became noised abroad, the signs of dissatisfaction grew more alarming. To fan the growing flame the military band in attendance — for no depth of meanness is beneath the French anti-christian — took this opportunity of insulting the sisters and their sympathizers, by starting up a jovial ranting air. At this cold-blooded insult, cries of " down with the Jewish hirelings, " " death to the murderers " were heard on all sides, and a few stones were thrown at the soldiery, who were only too glad to avail themselves of the provocation to charge on the people with fixed bayonets. These being unarmed, and powerless to resist, scattered in all directions; not however before man3 were wounded, a few fatally. Of the soldiers only one was hurt. He was the officer who led the attack on the people and who had been conspicuous for his harsh officiousness during the day ' s proceedings. He was a man of about twenty -six years of age, tall and commanding in appear- ance. His features were unusually handsome, his carriage was bold and a trifle haughty; and his manners daring and unconstrained. All about him would have been interesting and prepossessing, were it not for that peculiar, repulsive expression which habitual dissipa- tion gives to the countenance, and for a certain fierce bitterness whether of hatred or of remorse which at times manifested itself in a contortion of visage absolutely demoniacal. Leading the onset on the people with the cry " down with superstition, " ' ' vive la republic, ' " he rushed at a stalwart man, who seemed to be one of the boldest and most active of the popu- lace. This man was a smith who had just come out from his forge, and held a short heavy chain in his hand. In sheer self- defense he swung the chain around with all his strength and THE REDWOOD 25 caught the officer in the temple, felling him like an ox. Some of the soldiers gathered around their unconscious comrade, and find- ing his injury serious, took possession of the litter whereon lay the body of the dead nun, which they dumped out into the street, and bore the wounded soldier to the Liberte, a low gambling den hard by, which the officers had been wont to frequent. In the meantime the poor sisters, though flurried by the scenes of violence and death, took measures to meet the emergen- cies of the case. It was decided that two of them should become laicized for the time being, and remain behind to inter the dead religious. To these a third begged to be allowed to join herself. She had been noticed to utter a cry of pain at the fall of the officer and to have turned deathly pale. After a short conference with the Superioress, she obtained leave to stay, and the trio modestly contrived, there and then, to divest themselves of their religious badges, and to don shawls and such articles of clothing as sufficed to transform them. The others went their way, and were soon speeding from their native land, the once " chosen home of chivalry. " And the world looks on indifferently at such things, or perhaps, it congratulates France on its educational activity! : ■ ■ It was the evening then, as we have already inti mated, of this melancholy day. In a large room on the second floor of the Iviberte,lit up by the setting sun, was a low pallet whereon lay the wounded officer. The doctors had left him without hope — the skull was fractured and death was a question of hours. Opiates were offered but refused, for the man was going to die game. All his companions had left him for the bar room below, with the ex- ception of one gray-headed soldier, hard of feature and cold and cruel of eye. This was a relative of the wounded man, his evil genius, one of those demons incarnate, so numerous in France, in whom hatred of God seems to be the ruling passion. He it was who first had, by his sneers and sophistries, made the young man blush to call himself a Catholic, who had laughed him into open infidelity and disdain of God, and had trained him to become as hardened as himself. He is now watching at his side to check any feeling of repentance, and to offer the consolation that irreligion gives its dying votaries. " That is well, " he was saying. " You 26 THK REDWOOD die a patriot. Soon you will be behind the veil, where you will be God or nothing. " ' God, " groaned the dying wretch, " speak not of Him; He is my enemy and will do His cruel worst. But I care not. " " Not a straw, my brave! Do you remember that sacrilegious Communion you made at my bidding ? That ' s the shortest way to dispel fear of heaven or hell. It never fails. " " Peace, Auguste! " commanded the patient sternly. " Oh, by the way, " continued the heartless tormentor, " I spoke to your soft-headed sister today. She said she gladly suffered exile from France that you might not suffer exile from heaven. Pretty, wasn ' t it? She was weeping over her ' prodigal. ' " " Peace, " moaned the agonizing man — deride me not. Oh God! I feel as if I were entering a dark cloud. There is no one to lead me by the hand. But I fear nothing — vive la republic, down with the religious. " " Bravo, " continued the evil genius, " many get afraid at the moment of death. You remember Pierre, — how he begged for the priest, and cried so hard when we laughed at his poor last request, as he called it, how he cursed you for your hard heart? " A look of rage and terror passed over the livid contorted features of the dying man. " It is false, " he cried with surprising energy, " he cursed you — I wanted to send for the cure — I curse you too — you ruined me body and soul — but I ' ll bring you down with me. " So saying, he arose with a supreme effort and with one hand strove to seize his tormentor, while with the other he felt for some weapon concealed on his person. The hoary villain seeing his ex- cited state, ran out of the room, exclaiming, " Oh, no! we shall not cross in the same boat — I want better company. " The dying man fell back exhausted and the cocked revolver fell by his side — his breast heaved convulsively, and the cold per- spiration bedewed his forehead. For some minutes his eyes were closed as in deep meditation. What was he thinking of? Did the awful future overpower his faculties, or did they seek relief in the happy innocent days of old when sin and infidelity were far away? Was his angel guardian calling that day to his memory when sit- ting by his sister ' s side — that gentle elder sister who had taken his THE REDWOOD 27 mother ' s place — he had listened to her story of the prodigal son, and how as she had finished the affecting tale, he had looked up and said ' ' Rosalie, I wonder if that prodigal son had a mother ? Were I he, I should not have waited so long; I should have run to my mother and said, " Mother, I have sinned against Heaven and before thee, and she would have brought me — both of us in tears — to my father. " And his sister, with eyes suffused, had exclaimed, " Oh Adolphe, will you promise me that? " " What? " he asked, startled at her earnestness. " That if ever you stray from God, you will not be afraid to go to your mother, the Blessed Virgin, and she will make you again the child of God. " I aughing at her emotion he had acceded to the fanciful request. Perhaps his thoughts did run on those happy hours, for his fear softened, and his dispair seemed to thaw into a gentler sorrow. But presently, the hard sullen look returned, the ensuing years were rising in their turn before his memory, in all their evil and sin, those years when his sister ' s lessons had been forgotten, and be had gone on from impiety to impiety until that very day he had volunteered, perhaps in a spirit of bravado, to read and put into effect with great harshness the decree of dispersion of the Misericordes, one of whom was his once loved sister, Rosalie. As he opened his eyes, already glazed by the frosty touch of death, they fell upon two female figures in a kneeling attitude. One of these was close by his bedside, and under the gray shawl which was sHghtly thrown back, he could distinguish the head- dress of a Misericorde. " Adolphe, " she said in a low trembling voice, " do you know me — your sister Rosalie? " For a moment he gazed at her with wide straining eyes, as if transfixed with horror — then with an expression of fury and agitation he broke out hoarsely, " Woman, begone! Do you too, come to torment me ? to curse me before my time ? " " Oh, dear Adolph, I have come to bring you hope and peace. You must trust in the good God. " " The good God! " he retorted with malignant bitterness. " What is he good for ? Why did I not die when I was innocent ? No! He wishes to destroy me in my sins. But I die free. I defy His worst. " 28 THE REDWOOD ' Oh, my dearest broth er, " besought the weeping nun, " God loves you, He loves you; He died to save you. Just say you are sorry, and He will clasp you in his fatherly heart. You know your own Rosalie does not deceive you. Turn to God, your best friend. See! it is your last chance! " Her utterance hitherto sustained by the intensity of her entreaty, now gave way to an agony of weeping which she tried in vain to control. At the sight of her grief, he seemed for a moment overcome, but soon the old sullen despair regained its mastery. To this was added a strange unnatural fury, that made even his sister, so strong in her love, quail before him. " Out with you, " he shrieked, ' you piece of mummery, or I ' ll brain you. " The poor sister remained kneeling in her place, transfixed with terror, not for her own bodily danger, but for that of his im- mortal soul. Raising her hands to heaven, she cried, " Oh, heart of Jesus, forget not thy mercy. " Then as one inspired, " Holy Mother, I bring you back your prodigal — oh let my life be the price. " As she was speaking, the infuriated man had lifted the cocked revolver on high and brought it down with his remaining strength on her head. Just as it struck her it discharged itself through her temple, and she fell dead on the floor. Probably he had not meant to kill her. At least when some people rushed in attracted by the noise, they found him in fearful agony. " I ' ve killed my sister, " he cried, " my best friend — an angel of God. " Then passing to the other extreme, would sputter hysterically; " My last shot! — what game ! — Mort aux religieuxJ His sufferings were pitiful. Again and again he pressed his hands to his poor wounded head as if it were bursting, while his eyes strained from their sockets. The evil look passed away into one of coma. After a time he awoke and fixed his eyes on the dark form still lying on the floor. Long and fixedly he gazed — at last he covered his face with his hands, and the rain of heaven bathed his face. God ' s grace was doing its mighty work. " The prodigal, the prodigal, " he muttered over and over, " you will not be afraid to go to your Mother Mary. Yes, " he cried, " I will go back, " and making a fruitless effort to rise on his knees, he clasped THE REDWOOD 29 his hands and exclaimed, " Oh Mary, my Mother, I have sinned against God and before thee, bring me — " The prodigal finished his appeal, we trust, in the embrace of that Father, Who, from the tower of His mercy, had waited for him so long. M1I.TON MORAGHAN, ' 07. IIVENING Now evening falls serene, enfolding all; Long lingers yet the last, fond gleam of light And slow and sad descends the silent night To cover earth with dense and sable pall, — In majesty departing from his hall, The king of day from his high throne steps down And decks the hill -tops with a glorious crown; The silence sweet is broken by the call Of the night birds; with lustrous, silvery sheen The moon peeps forth from ' mid her circlet fair; The gentle zephyr softly stirs the air, And rustling trees respond to its caress. Waving their boughs in seeming drowsiness: — Calm, beautiful, majestic is the scene. Robert Y. Hayne, ' 08 1 €d4 QQ PUBI,ISHED MONTHlvY BY THK STUDENTS OF SaNTA Ci ARA C0I.I,EGE The object of The Redwood is to record our College Doings, to give proof of College Industry and to knit closer together the hearts of the Boys of the Present and of the Past. EDITORIAL STAFF EXECUTIVE BOARD Martin V. Mkrlk, |sp?dli - - - President GERAI.D P. Beaumont, jspJciIi - Vice-President Michael R. O ' Reilly, ' o6 - - Business Manager John W. Byrnes, ' o6 . _ - . Secretary George Casey, ' 07 - - Assistant Secretary associate editors P.ALPH C. Harrison, ' 05 Micheal C. O ' Toole, ' 07 Rob ' t. Y. Hayne, ' 08 Francis Floyd-Jones, ' 07 assistant business managers Angelo Quevedo, ' 05 Joseph Curley, ' 05 Thos. Leonard, j Ijecili L. D. Woodford, ' 07 R. A. Hicks, ' 07 Address all communications to The Redwood, Santa Clara College, California Terms of subscription, 2.00 a year; single copies, 25 cents. EDITORIALS THE NEW COLLEGE For many years past the Faculty of Santa Clara College have been anxious to secure a more extensive piece of land and a favor- able locality for the erection of a new college. They were actu- ated in this by manifold reasons, the most eloquent being the ever THE REDWOOD 31 increasing number of students and the realization of the need of a thoroughly equipped modern institution to take the place of the present time-honored and time-worn buildings. Fortunately a site has been secured, — five hundred and fifteen acres, — and a more attractive spot could not be found in the state. On an elevation commanding an extensive panorama of the Bay and of Santa Clara valley, the spot seems pre-eminently suited for a modern seat of learning and worthy of the greater Santa Clara College. All that is needed now is the erection of stately towers and classic halls to attract the eye of every tourist and of every travel- er that passes through the valley. We fondly hope to see these towers and these halls rising in all their beauty and grandeur by the coming year; but this will depend largely on the success of the labors of the President, who with a zealous Promotion Committee is even now striving to secure the funds necessary for the great work. They are canvassing for the means and it will be a sad commentary on our fellow citizens if these be not forthcoming in abundance. All lovers of the Old College and of the cause in which she has struggled for over half a century may now show their appreciation for the work already so well done by the Col- lege and for the continuance of which the Faculty are so earnestly laboring. The Promotion Committee intends opening subscription lists, so that all who wish may give. Even the Widow ' s mite will be accepted gratefully. Further information on this may be obtained from the Promotion Committee or from the President, the Rev. R. E. Kenna, S. J. VOLUME TllE FOUKTH With this issue of the Redwood we begin a new volume. It is not the regular time to begin, we know; but so bulky is the matter printed by our predecessors that to have handy and uniform- ly bound volumes we were forced to limit them to five numbers. Henceforth, as we intend to remain in the neighborhood of fifty pages the volume will not close till the end of the year. This by way of explanation; but it is not this that is uppermost in our minds as we open this new volume; our thoughts and our hopes 32 THE REDWOOD are centered on the fate of Vol. IV. Will it be worthy of a place along side of what has already emanated from the Rkdwood office? will it take its place with the best of college journals? These are the questions that concern us at present and it is ours to supply the answer. Hitherto the Redwood has endeavored to go for- ward. Shall it continue to do so? Here again the answer rests with us the students of today. We have talent enough, that is certain; we have ambition enough, perhaps too much, that is also certain; we have all the encouragement from the Faculty that we could hope for, so that the only thing needed for success is the actual support of the student body. We have, on many occasions, explained what we mean by this support. All we need add here is that besides literary contri- butions from all the college classes we would like to see every stu- dent interested personally in the paper, just as they are personal- ly interested in athletics. The personal interest will be best shown by procuring advertisements and subscriptions. We ought to have two subscriptions from every student. Not that we are in any way financially embarrassed. Far from it; we merely want to go ahead in order to get out, as occasions demand, specially artistic numbers. The Christmas season will call for an expensive cover, for expensive plates and for more matter; but of this be sure, fellow students, though we should like to give you something grand, it will rest entirely with you. We intend to live ahead of our in- come. THE PROPER. SPIR.it No, this is not a dissertation on college spirit; we have spirit to spare. Witness the " red cap " parade at Stanford during the last game. The writer merely wishes to call attention to a bit of Pagan wisdom which appealed strongly to him while reading Cicero. In the fourth oration against Cataline where the famous Roman orator is speaking of concord between the Senators and the Knights we find this: " Vobis (senatoribus) ita summam ordinis consiliique concedunt (equites) ut vobiscum de amore reipublicse certent, — While yielding to you in point of authority and admit- ting your precedence in counsel, they (the Roman Knights) are THE REDWOOD 33 your rivals in love for the republic. " At first sight there is nothing very noticeable in these lines; but consider. Cicero implies that in the RepubUc there must needs be some who are called upon to occupy the first place in rank and in authority, and some who are forced to remain down, but as all are members of the Republic he would have all take a personal interest in its wellbeing. It is as if he said to the Romans: " Yield to others, ye who are subjects; rule wisely, ye who are rulers; but whether you rule or serve never yeild to others in love for country. " So much for Cicero. If we now apply this principle to college life it may happen that some will feel the poignancy of remorse. Some there are who think that because they are not running the football team, for instance, that they have no interest in it, because they are not on the staff of the college paper they have nothing to do with it. That is not so. Yield to others in point of authority, but never yield in love of college and things identified with the college. TUE, RETURN OF ' ' EYEBYMAN " It is with extreme pleasure that we learn of the coming pro- duction of " Everyman " by Mr. Ben Greet ' s London Company. The old morality play will be presented in the Victory theater, San Jose, on October 19, and on the following day a matinee will be given for college students. On the evening of October 20 there will be an Elizabethan presentation of Shapkespeare ' s " Much Ado About Nothing " by the same talented company. No one who has any love for true dramatic art can fail to welcome the return of " Everyman " to the Coast. The Senior classes are already preparing to attend en masse both productions. There is more education in one such play, than in a week of class routine. 34 THE REDWOOD COLLEGE N0TE:S Boer General at Santa Clara On Wednesday evening Sept. 14, General Gideon D. Joubert, the young cavalry leader of the Orange Free State troops, delivered a lecture in the college auditorium in which he recounted the in- side happenings of the great Boer-Briton struggle. The address, delivered in the straightforward, simple style of the soldier and in a manner which showed only too clearly the feelings of the " man without the country, " proved intensely in- teresting, and had it not been for the occasional witty anecdotes that interspersed scenes of a more harrowing nature, the discourse would have bordered closely on the dramatic. As it was the lec- turer hit the happy medium, and constant applause betokened the sympathy of his audience. Previous to the general ' s appearance on the stage an impromp- tu entertainment, in which the College orchestra and the glee club figured conspicuously, was successfully carried out. Solos by M. Carrera, F. Sigwart and V. Durfee, with a performance on the mandolin and guitar by Thomas Ena and ly. Woodford, proved also very enjoyable. The lecturer was then introduced by Gerald P. Beaumont, who explained briefly the purpose of the evening. The general, who is a tall, dark, soldierly looking man and who walks with a perceptible limp that only adds to the picturesque- ness of his personality, prefaced his remarks with a clear outline of the causes leading up to the war. Reviewing briefly the first few stages of the great conflict, the lecturer skipped to the closing acts of the tragedy, and there, in detail, he reviewed the battles of of Spion kop, Bloomfontein and that of the Modder river. Illus- trative views added greatly to the vividness of the account, and when photographs of Oom Paul and the flag of the Transvaal were flashed upon the screen the students broke forth into thun- derous applause. The lecturer showed a disposition to avoid all personalities in speaking of his former enemies, but in mentioning briefly the Brit- THE REDWOOD 35 ish commanders he spoke highly of General Buller, but denounced bitterly the methods employed by Lord Roberts and Lord Kitchener, on whom he placed the responsibility of the enormous mortality amongst the Boer women and children entailed by the war. The Boer leader then expressed his appreciation of the sympathy shown to him almost universally by Americans and spoke feelingly on the privileges which the efforts of our more successful forefathers in the cause of liberty has insured for all citizens holding allegiance to the Star Spangled Banner. Senior Dramatic Society The Senior Dramatic Society has been reorganized. The ob- ject of this society is to present from time to time choice dramatic pieces and to have in readiness shorter entertainments for inciden- tal occasions. It also serves to develop dramatic talent, elocution- ary as well as literary, and to awaken among the students a love for the art generally. Judging from the talent already secured the present students will live up to the past endeavors. Besides the promising new talent we have many of the star actors of the Passion Play of two years ago and nearly all of those who made " Henry Garnet, S. J., Martyr " such a glorious success. At present the members are actively engaged in rehearsing Martin V. Merle ' s new drama " The Light Eternal, " which is slated for Thanks- giving eve. The Passion Play will close their efforts for the year. The following is the staff of the society: Rev. John J. Ford, President; Martin V. Merle, Stage Director; August Aguirre, Stage Manager; George Casey, Assistant Manager; J. J. Ivancovich, Property Master; Michael O ' SuUivan, Scenic Artist; Prof. August Kaufman, Musical Director; Prof. John J. Montgomery, Electric- ian; Thos. Wm. Blow and Morgan Lewis, Assistant Electricians; Gerald P. Beaumont and Ralph C. Harrison, Press Agents. TKe Glee Club In connection with the Dramatic Society we have a kindred organization among the Senior students, the Glee Club, and if 36 THE REDWOOD what they have already done argues anything, it is evident that our literary and dramatic entertainments are to be enlivened by the choicest bits of song and music. The Glee Club made its in- itial appearance this year on the occasion of General Joubert ' s lec- ture and the common opinion seemed to be that every one of its forty members had a good ear and a good voice. Fred Sigwart, Pat Carrera and Vincent Durfee were the soloists of the evening and won unstinted applause from an enthusiastic audience. The Glee Club officials are: Rev. John J. Ford, S. J., President; Bel- den McPike, Vice President; Thomas I eonard, Treasurer; Martin V. Merle, Manager; August Aguirre, Music Keeper; Professor Godfrey Beuherer, Director. TKe Band and OrcKestra What would college enthusiasm be without the band! There would certainly he an immense amount of excitement on the home- coming of our victorious football team, but, had we no concert after supper, there would be nothing to calm that excitement. It is not only on concert nights, however, that the band lends its soothing strains; in the hall on state occasions, during receptions and simi- lar occurences, we call our brass knights forth to perform. This year we have an unusually good combination. Under the leader- ship of Professor Carl Fitzgerald the present members are becom- ing very efficient and some ten or twelve aspirants are being pre- pared for real work. Besides the talented young men of last year, we have been fortunate in securing some new members. Joseph Caverly with his fugle horn, John J. Courter of San I uis Obispo, an expert drummer, are prominent among the new members. It is hoped that before the year is far advanced the membership will go beyond thirty. The officers of the band are: Mr. Henry Walsh, S. J., President; Angust Aguirre, Vice-President; Austin Morris, Secretary; Walter Schmitz, Music Keeper; Professor Carl Fitzger- ald, Director. The Orchestra has on more than one occasion given ample proof of its worth. Both in the social hall during recreation hours and in the college auditorium during entertainments the young THE REDWOOD 37 artists have held us spell bound. The officers are: Henry Walsh, S. J., President; Fred J. Sigwart, Vice-President; Martin V. Merle, Manager; Walter Schmitz, Music Keeper; Prof. August Kaufman, lyCader. TKe PHilalethic Senate As prophesied in the last issue of the Redwood, there have been several spirited sessions held in the halls of the Senate during the past month, and the Senators are already congratulat- ing themselves on their successful and interesting debates. The subject was proposed at the first meeting of the month by Senator Merle and it read as follows: ' ' Resolved that the Anglomania dis- played by our present American Aristocracy bodes harm to our Republican Institutions. " Senator Merle was chosen to captain the affirmative side and had as his supporters the following able speakers: Senators Leonard, Harrison, Belz, O ' Reilly and Ryan; while Senators Curley, Ivancovich, Blow, Byrnes, Kell and McEl- roy lent their splendid efforts to the defence of the negative. On Wednesday evening, Sept. 6th, Senator Merle opened the debate as first speaker on the affirmative side, and in a few well chosen words introduced and explained the question. He was followed by Senator Curley, the first negative speaker, whose meritorious defence of his position called forth a burst of applause. When Senator lyconard arose to follow Senator Curley as the sec- ond affirmative, we knew that good was coming. Very quietly and measuredly the able Senator from Aptos sent forth his argu- ments and when he finished it looked like a hopeless task for his adversaries even to unravel the tangle of arguments which Sena- tor Leonard set up before them. However when Senator Ivanco- vich took the floor this idea was dispelled, for being an adept at argumentation, and knowing all the ins and outs of debating as well as he does, he had little difficulty in answering some of Sena- tor Leonard ' s statements. Senator Harrison, who was the next speaker for the affirmative, said in part: " It is not difficult to see the outcome of the present outrageous conduct of the American aristocracy in their bold attempts to ape 38 THE REDWOOD and mimic the British. We find already the tendency which wealthy American girls have toward the titles and coronets of for- eign and especially English noblemen. What is this alone going to lead up to? The answer is simple. Take the following example: The daughter or granddaughter of a President of this country is enamored of a British peer, who stands close to the King in inti- macy. A match is arranged and the couple plight their troth, and are married amidst great pomp and celebration. Before we Amer- icans know where we are we find the English peer working the laws of his own country into the White House, and the result is evident. We are just where we were before the war of Inde- pendence. " Senator Blow of Monterey arose at this point as a representa- tive of the negative side. He said: ' It is hardly necessary for me to attempt to refute the argument of the worthy Senator who has just preceded me, as it is very weak. Is it at all likely that a nation of our free and independent spirit would stand idly by and witness such a disgraceful performance as the worthy Senator hints at? No, on the contrary, the British peer, his wife and the laws of his country would very soon be run out of America. " Senator Blow concluded with several firm arguments and an adjournment was taken until Wednesday evening, Sept. 23rd, when Senators Belz, O ' Reilly and Ryan, for the afiirmative, and Senators Kell, Byrnes and McElroy for the negative, offered some very valuable and sound arguments. Senator Riordan and our new Senator, Gerald P. Beaumont, both spoke extemporaneously, and favored the affirmative side of the question. Several members of the House of Philhistorians were the guests of the evening, but our time was up before we had a chance to hear their opinions on the question. The closing speech of Senator Merle and the decision were deferred until the next meeting on the evening of Sept. 28th, when, follow- ing the close of the debate, a new question will be discussed, to read as follows: " Resolved that the employment of foreign labor in America is detrimental to the Republic. " The two sides are divided as follows: Affirmative, Senators Merle, Ivancovich, Harrison, O ' Reilly, Riordan, Blow and McElroy. Negative, Senators Beaumont, Curley, Ryan, Byrnes, Leonard, Kell and Belz. THK REDWOOD 39 TKe House The members of the House have had their first debate, and judging from the vim and enthusiasm shown thus far, the year bids fair to hold its place among those that have preceded it. Though our veterans have left us for higher honors in the Senate, we have new material which ought to fill the gap which their departure has caused in our ranks. In a few well chosen words Clerk Blow, Reporter Beaumont and Representatives Belz, Harri- son and Kell bade farewell, forever, to the old House. Each ex- pressed his sincere regret on retiring, stating that what success he had attained as a debater was due chiefly to the opportunities af- forded in those very halls. They were applauded vigorously. To hold the offices made vacant, the following were elected: Representative Allen, Clerk; Representative Schmitz, Sergeant-at- arms; Representative Brown, Assistant Sergeant-at-arms; Repre- sentative Casey, Assistant Treasurer; Representative Crowley, Reporter. All in turn responded to the call of their fellow mem- bers with speeches of appreciation and good intent. The following gentlemen were then voted in : Messrs. J. P. Courter, E. Doherty, J. Collins, T. W. Donlon, R. Y. Hayne, Cleon Kilburn, F. Heffernan, J. Kohlbecker, J. O ' Brien and M. Wilson. Honorary certificates were conferred upon the five Representa- tives, who have passed to the Senate. Messrs Pearce, affirmative, and Budde, negative, opened the ensuing debate on that much discussed subject: " Is Football De- trimental to the College Student? " The others are to be heard from the next meeting, and we look forward to an enlightened ex- position of the pros and cons of a topic that possesses an absorbing interest at this season. I ater the Russo-Japanese conflict will come up for consider- ation: " Resolved that the resistance of Japan to Russia in the pre- sent war is and was justifiable, " the sides being Representatives Casey, Lejeal and McPike against Representatives Sigwart, Courter and Crowley. 40 THE REDWOOD Junior Dramatic Society- Two interesting and more than usually animated debates were held in our hall during the month. " Resolved, that the multiplica- tion of newspapers has become a great evil in this country, " was the first of the questions discussed, with Messrs. Fisher and Shafer for the affirmative, and Messrs. Moraghan and Lappin for the nega- tive. It was nip and tuck between the speakers for first honors, and although the affirmative side won out in the end, still their victory was a hard-earned one. The question — " Resolved, that capital punishment is not justi- fiable, " — came up for consideration a fortnight later with Messrs. Bogan and Hall pitted against two of the youngsters, Messrs. E. Ivancovich and Smith. The negative speakers were little men, but what big things even little men can attempt and do when their heart is in the work. These two had made up their minds to win that debate and they did so. True, the affirmative had prob- ably the small end of the question, since as one of them remarked afterwards: " It ' s pretty hard to argue against Holy Scripture, and we know that God Himself says somewhere in the Bible, ' A life for a life. ' " Three new members have been added to the roll, Messrs. Otto Klemmer, James Daly, Henry Shields. All three of them give promise of becoming what our society values chiefly, men who are in earnest, who throw their whole selves into their work, whose constant aim is to better themselves that they may be able to better others. Auld Lan Syne Dr. Frederick G. Gerlach, M. S., ' 91, the visiting physician of the College has of late been highly honored by the Town Board of San Jose. He is President of the Board of Health in that city and his efficiency in sanitation work may be judged from the fact that the death rate from contagious and infectious diseases reached its minimum during the past year. This is due, it is claimed by those who know, to the Doctor ' s untiring energy in locating and keeping THE REDWOOD 41 within proper limits all persons suffering from contagious diseases. Edw. Gosgriff, A. B. ' 02, Secretary of the Santa Clara College Promotion Committee, was here during the past month. Ed is now in his senior year at the Law School, has a brilliant future before him and is one of those young men who see, and seize opportunities. During his visit we played and won a football game. It must have pleased Ed to see still at work the team which he managed with such success in former days. We have been informed that James A. Chichizola, Commercial graduate, ' 03, is the Sheriff of Amador County. He is certainly built for the position, and in his leisure moments must often reflect on the three years of development he enjoyed on our first eleven. John J. Burke, A. B., ' 97, has been nominated by the Forty- ninth Assembly Republican Convention, and such is his popularity in that district that his election as Assemblyman seems certain. John received the highest percentage in his class when he was ex- amined for admission to the bar and we hope that this first blush ot honor will one day brighten into the full flush of glory. John is a man who knows how to carry himself in success. By a strange oversight we failed in last issue to notice the departure of Mr. J. W. Buschor, S. J. He has gone to Limburg, Holland, to complete his higher studies. Mr. Buschor has left many friends at Santa Clara, and though late, they extend their heartfelt wishes of success to their beloved Professor of last year. Among our recent visitors were Nixie Galtez, who spent his vacation with us, James Johnson, A. B., ' 04, who intends to enter Berkeley as an engineer student, and Eugene Breen, A. B., ' 98, who dropped into the old College on his trip northward with his newly wed wife. 42 THE REDWOOD IN THE LIBRARY STBONO=ABM OF AVALON BY MARY T. WAGGAMAN, BKNZIGKR BROS., N. Y. PRICK 85 CKNTS. The plot of this recent novel for children by the author of " Carroll Dare, " " Corinne ' s Vow, " etc., is centered in Maryland in the stirring times of the persecution of the Catholics by the fanat- ical Roundheads. Its hero is a young Catholic boy of sixteen, who, at the entreaties of the wife of one of the most bitter Round- heads, goes in search of a priest for her husband who is now on his deathbed, and crying for a priest. In spite of his fears that this may only be a trap to catch the priest, he goes after one whom he knows to be hiding not far away. He finds him, and though sick with a raging fever the priest determines to go, and together they make their way to the house where the priest is entrusted with a packet by the dying man to be delivered into the hands of the Puritan leader. He then dies, and the priest and the boy start to leave the house by a secret passage in order to escape the Roundheads with which it is filled. While in the passageway the priest is seized with another attack of the fever and dies, leaving the packet in the boy ' s hand to be delivered by him. The boy loses the packet, takes part in several battles against the Puritans, in w hich the Catholics are defeated, and our hero wounded. A friendly Indian finds him and cares for him, and the boy discovers that the Indian has found the packet which he has lost. He gets possession of the message and delivers it into the hands of the Commander of the Puritan forces just as they are holding a meeting to decide upon the fate of the prisoners whom they have taken. The message turns out to be from the authorities in England commanding the Roundheads to stop all persecutions against the Catholics. It has its effect and the prison- ers are spared. Our hero and his family go to Europe until all unfriendly feeling dies out, and then return amid universal rejoic- ing and welcome by the neighboring people. THE REDWOOD 43 The plot of the story is simple, and suitably adapted to young minds. It will prove interesting as well as instructive. FROM DOUBT TO FAITH REV. F. TOURNKBIZIE, S. J., B. HERDER, ST. LOUIS, PRICE 30 CENTS This little book, addressed by the author to disturbed and tempted souls and to minds afflicted with the torments of doubt, is a valuable treatise on faith. He opens his remarks with a proof that we need faith; that our faculties demand it; that there is no virtue, no happiness without it. He then passes on to the reasons why we believe, and treats separately the dispositions requisite for faith, the duty and the manner of believing and concludes by showing how faith is within the reach of everyone. The work will serve the purpose of supplying believing souls with a reason for the faith that is within them, and will be invaluable for doubt- ing souls. We recommend it earnestl5 EXCHANGES It is not altogether pleasant to go a second time to the press before the arrival of our eastern exchanges; but it gives us a little space for generalities and generalities are not always the most difficult things to write. What troubles the Ex-man is the en- deavor to distribute justice to all alike, to get into a scrimmage every now and then, to come out unscathed or, at least, with but one or two ribs broken. Some people avoid scrimmages as they would a serpent, but that is not magnanimous; in football it would be dubbed " cold feet. " In journalism, as in other paths of life, it helps very much to be " called down " and to " call down. " An Ex-man who does not speak openly whether in praise or blame is lily-livered and the sooner he severs connection with the staff the better it will be for contemporaries. During the past we have received college magazines wherein there was no exchange column. That is, of course, bad, but not half so bad as the fault of 44 THE REDWOOD some who use that column to throw nothing but mud or nothing but flowers. The golden mein, good, honest criticism, straight from the shoulder, and plenty of it, is what we need. Like Portia ' s mercy it falleth dew-like from Heaven and enricheth both the critic and the criticised. In this connection we make bold to say that there is nothing more calculated to produce good results than to have from time to time an occasional controverted topic going the rounds. Long and earnestly has the question of " Short Stories " been discussed; so long in fact that we need a change. " The occasion makes the man " is as applicable to college journalists as to any other body of men, and when one is forced to hunt up some out-of-the-way subject for composition or to write on Hamlet ' s Madness, he is in a fix much the same as the man without an occasion. Give a moderately gifted writer a provoca- tion and he will turn out volumes of good literature if the provoca- tion and the concomitant glow last long enough. Newman ' s " Apologia " would never have been written had not Kingsley at- tempted to tread on the author ' s coat tail. Milton would have given us several more Latin treatises had not the damp fallen on him. And so with the rest: something happened which made them feel w hat they wrote. A man can write ten times as much and ten times as well when he is excited. Not that we advocate squabbles; calm, good-natured criticism is our cry. Not that we would have a writer rush to the defense whenever a slur is cast. Don ' t hit back merely because you are hit, unless it be a contemptuous blow. In the latter case squelch your adversary if you can. Don ' t wait for an opportunity to bore holes in your enemy at his weakest; it is like hitting a man when he is down. We are all vulnerable at times; in fact there are occasions — bear witness all ye makers of college litera- ture — when we suffer from a drought, an awful drought, and the cry for " copy " makes us grind out trash occasionally. There is no use concealing it; the proverbial sleep of Homer must come; all of us are called at times from " Fairy-land to struggle through dark ways. " This then in general; the non-appearance of our exchanges has THE REDWOOD 45 made the con-take necessary. But we have one exchange before us that takes our eye. Is is the STANFOliD SEQUOIA Entirely new in appearance and in makeup this magazine bids fair, if it keeps up the good work, to go straight to the front. It is, in our humble opinion, an improvement on last year ' s publi- cation and is something of the kind one would naturally expect from Stanford. An occasional essay, and a few more selections in verse would make this paper still better. Keep up the good work, neighbor Stanford, and your magazine will ever find a friendly critic in the Redwood Ex-man. 46 THE REDWOOD ATHLETICS In looking over the work already done by our football eleven, we feel proud; but in our pride we must not fail to congratulate those to whom the success is due. Coach Gene Sheehy will of course occupy the first place on the Honor Roll. He is a coach if there ever was one; he knows all the possibilities of the game and, what is more, he knows how to impart his knowledge. To his brilliant direction therefore must we trace the main cause of our victories. Gene is the old reliable Santa Clara coach, and it would seem that from season to season he improves in effectiveness. Hence when a Stanford critic wrote of our game with the Fresh- man thus: " The Freshmen were caramel creams to the lads from the south end of the valley. They were not in the run from the first. The utter nonchalance with which they watched a light- weight team walk all over them was simply maddening. " — he was but paying a tribute to the skillful coaching of Gene who had made that light-weight team so effective. Next in order after our coach we must place the name of Manager John Byrnes. He has secured ten very good games, some of them entailing trips for the team, but most of them to be played on the college gridiron, where the entire student body can witness the spectacle. John, you ' re all right. Captain Ivancovich and his victorious men will figure promi- nently in the narratives that follow, so we may dispense with any comments here. Santa Clara 23, Mission HigK, O The team that came down from San Francisco on September 10, was composed of some husky players but, unfortunately for the people who paid their twenty-five cents, the husky qualities did not count; our men outclassed them in every particular as the score indicates. The first touch-down was made before the players had time to warm up. Magee kicked off to the twenty-yard line, our opponents tried twice to buck, but losing in both attempts they THE REDWOOD 47 kicked to the thirty-five yard line, whence we marched, in seven downs, to the goal. Woodford and Feeney made phenomenal runs. The second touch-down was made after five plays; a kickofi " , a thirty-yard run by Magee, two bucks and a fifty-five yard run by Woodford, Touch-down number three was due to a splendid feat of August Aguirre. A kick was blocked on our opponent ' s twenty- five yard line. August fell on the ball, and in a few bucks by Murphy Bray and Schmitz we reached the other side. Time did not allow us to do more in the first half, but we felt that enough had been done to win the game. In the second half we changed our men a bit, putting Donlon in Bray ' s place, O ' Brien in Woodford ' s and L eonard in Murphy ' s. The time of this half was reduced to ten minutes, and so with one touch-down and a narrow escape from a second we retired with 23 points against nothing. Santa Clara lO, Stanford FresHmen O Of the many interesting features in our contest with Stanford, the most interesting, of course, was the victory; but putting this aside for the moment, I think the work of Referee Charles Byrnes deserves the first place. Charles is a pretty good football player himself, but what interested everybody at the game was his phe- nomenal knowledge of the rules governing the sport. There will always be disputed points in a game of football and the only way at times of settling them to the satisfaction ol both parties is by appeal- ing to the rules. At Stanford both umpire and referee had the rules, but while the Stanford man carried them in a book, Charley Byrnes knew them by heart. " Look at Section — No. — " he exclaimed in a critical moment when the umpire disputed his decision. The umpire looked and there was an end to the dispute. Charles had the rules on his side. On several similar occasions he gave complete satisfaction to all concerned by quoting the rules word for word. Charles is booked to retain the position of Referee. But the game. Ah here is the real thing. Two touch-downs and a very narrow escape from a third tell in brief the story of 48 THE REDWOOD our struggle against an equally heavy team. The details are thus given by G. P. Beaumont in the San Jose Mercury. " Stanford won the toss and chose the western goal. When the referee ' s whistle sounded a cold, drizzling rain was falling, but this cleared away before the first half was over. Magee kicked off to the 20-yard line and the ball was carried in seven yards by the freshmen. Stanford started off with terrific line plunging that if kept up would have netted many yards for them, but on a fum- ble Ivancovich secured the ball for Santa Clara. Within three minutes the ball was on Stanford ' s one-yard line, where it had been carried by the irresistible line plunging of Donlon and Feeney and the hurdling for long gains by Schmitz. The freshmen rallied desperately almost on their goal line and succeeded in gaining the ball on downs. It was immediately punted out of danger, and from the center of the field Santa Clara again forced her way to the fatal one-yard mark. Here a fluke almost cost her the loss of another touch-down. The ball was fum- bled and bounded behind the Stanford goal, but Ivancovich secured it for the first touchdown of the game. At a difiicult angle Magee failed to kick the goal. Stanford then kicked at the 25-yard line, and on successive bucks by Schmitz, Feeney and Donlon the ball was returned to the freshmen ' s 40-yard mark, where Magee tried for a field goal. The kick w as blocked and the first half ended with the ball in Stanford ' s hands and territory. In the second half an entirely new team faced the unchanged line-up of Santa Clara. It was Stanford ' s kick off, but the ball going outside the foul line three times, Santa Clara took possession and Magee kicked for 25 yards. In the middle of the field the freshmen were held and forced to punt. Hard bucking off tackles brought the ball once more into Stanford territory and the cardinal players won the ball on downs. They fumbled immediately and then, with three minutes to play and the ball on the 50-yard line, Santa Clara abandoned her heavy plunging and resorted to the often successful but very dangerous quarter-back fake. A bluff mass off tackle drew the ends in and little Magee carried the pig- skin for 40 yards around right end. With only a minute left to play the collegians again tried a fake. This time the supposed THE REDWOOD 49 play was around left end, and as before the scheme worked like a charm. Feeney, the college left half, skirting the side line for the remaining 15 yards. No goal was kicked and the score rested 10 to o in favor of the red and white. " Thus the second game of the season resulted in our favor. And it may be in order now to review from an outside point the possibili- ties of team honors. Donlon, Feeney and Schmitz showed by their heady and snappy playing that their place in back of the line is all but certain. Collins and Ena would, no doubt have been called upon to officiate as half-backs had they not been out of the game for so long a time. As it is there is no way of foreseeing just who is to be who in the back positions. Maybe all five will make the team as alternates and this seems the best theory. As quarter- back Louis Magee is a fixed quantity. What could we do without the direction of Louie? The line-men who participated in the Stanford struggle were Hubbard, center; Murphy and Blow, guards; McElroy and Woodford, tackles; Aguirre and Ivancovich, ends. They certainly form a strong combination, but the recent playing of Fitzgerald, O ' Brien, Jacobs, Ryan and little Garnett makes them hustle to hold the place. It would not do to close this account without a notice of Joe Kohlbecker ' s rooters. Joe was certainly there with the spirit. Though a bit injudicious he shows that Santa Clara is out to win every time. All praise is due to Joe. Santa Clara, lO; Fort Miley, O The most peculiar part of our scoring thus far is that we have so shut out our opponents that our team now at the end of Sep- tember stands 43 to o. The game with the soldiers from Fort Miley was an interesting one, interesting because soldiers are sol- diers and will fight, interesting also because as our regular center- piece Hubbard was ailing from a sprained ankle it gave room for Jacobs to do a stunt and he did one. Then again Louis Magee re- mained on the side line during the first half and we had the pleas- ure of seeing Frank Ryan officiate as quarter. Frank was all there and though a little nervous he engineered the team down to the 50 THE REDWOOD goal line in less than five minutes. It was not his fault, nobody ' s fault in fact, that the ball was fumbled and the touch-down pre- vented. The fumble, however, was a costly one, and had not W. Fitzgerald been fleet of foot there is no telling how the score would have stood. One of the soldiers secured the porcine ovoid and was well down the field before our men realized what had happened, but Fitz was alive to the occasion and brought the man to earth before we had time to grow nervous. But it was the enemy ' s ball. They kicked out of danger and it was all we could do to get it back towards the goal neigh- borhood. We brought it back however and when the cry " one minute more " resounded in the ears of Francis Ryan, he signaled for a place kick and Thomas Blow saved the day by sending the spheroid directly through the goal posts. It was a successful place kick, and the first half was ours. Not that all the glory is due to Tom. Feeney, Ena, Donlon, McElroy, Aguirre, Murphy must be given their honors. They were the men who brought the ball into close proximity to the goal, they were the champions who fought like tigers on the defense and like lions on the offense. Jacobs too and Woodford and little Garnett and above all others Captain Ivancovich must be given their meed of- praise. They were among the heroes of a day when all were heroes. In the second half things were more our way. In five min- utes after the whistle blew we had crossed the goal line for a touch-down and were within one yard of another touch-down when the whistle sounded the end of the game. But we must not forget to do justice to the boys in blue. Earnest they were to win and vehemently did they argue points, but on the whole they pleased us much. I ieutenant R.|W. Briggs, U. S. A. was here as a Mentor of the team and a more soldierly-like, honor- able gentleman could not be found. He was anxious to see his team win, but as they failed he took his defeat as a man, notwith- standing the fact that it is so hard for a soldier of Uncle Sam to suffer defeat. THE REDWOOD 51 FIRST HONORS FOR AUGUST, 1904 BRANCHES SENIOK JUNIOR Philosophy of Religion J. Curley H. Budde Ethics J. Curley Mental Philosophy H. Budde Natural Philosophy J. Riordan C. Brown Chemistry R. Harrison C. Brown Mathematics J, Curley H. de la Guard ia Higher English R. Harrison M. V. Merle SOPHOMORE FK.ESHMAN Religion E. McFadden, M. O ' Toole P. Dunne English Precepts E. McFadden R. de la Guardia . English Literature and Author M. O ' Toole V. Durfee English Composition F. Floyd-Jones R. Hayne History and Geography C. Byrnes D. Peters Elocution G. Casey I. Bogan , , . . Latin H. de la Guardia D. Peters Greek H. de la Guardia R. de la Guardia . Mathematics A. Young O. Klemmer 1st ACADEMIC 2nd ACADEMIC Religion J. Daly V. Salburg English Precepts R. Archbold A. Bunsow English Author R. Archbold English Composition M. Shafer R. McCabe History and Geography J, Daly V. Salburg, H. Wormley . . Elocution J. Maher A. Ivancovich Latin R. Archbold A. Bunsow, P. Wilcox . . . . Greek R. Archbold A. Ivancovich, V. Salburg . Mathematics H. Shields R. Foster Elementary Science J. Zavalza W. Fitzgerald, W. Hirst. . . 52 THE REDWOOD 3rd ACADEMIC 4th ACADEMIC Religion C. Sterling W. Sweeney English Precepts C. Olivares W. Sweeney Bnglish Author A. Grazer G. Mayerle English Composition R. Harris A. lunker History and Geography O. Peck W. Sweeney Elocution K. Comyns A. Donovan Orthography J. Auzerais Latin F. McGrath L. Arburua, E. Raffetto Greek A. Grazer Mathematics F. McGrath A. Arias 1st PRE-ACADEMIC 2nd PBE-ACADEMIC Religion A. Arias M. Conner. . . , English Precepts L. Ruth M. Conner . . . , English Author L. Ruth English Composition J. Sassenrath , M. Conner History and Geography J. Sassenrath J. Hughes . . . Elocution L. Ruth J. Hughes Orthography L. Ruth W. O ' Connor. SPECIAL CLASSES 1st SPECIAL 2nd SPECIAL 3rd SPECIAL JLatin R. Hicks F. Hefferman C. Cornell. Greek R. Hicks N. Whealen C. Kilburn COMMERCIAL CLASSE:S 1st BOOK-KEEPING 2nd BOOK-KEEPIMG 3rd BOOK-KEEPINa Raul de la Guardia P. Tulloch O. Peck THE REDWOOD w P fi m ; P rj p i 9 I , » T. P f m ti m i m 5, » » f;, » • ;« » i i • w « j, " « ; ' p ;,- j ' « ,« - t - • • - - f ,-, - • 4 • ' • . • -i I Weak Eyees g t f 4i 4i 4i I £ A great deal of work may be done by WEAK EYES if there ? is no actual disease, provided they are not urged beyond the J: limits of their endurance. 3[ With weak eyes the penalty of excess or imprudence is more C swift and sure than with strong eyes. i£ i The first requisite for WEAK EYES is to ascertain how J J much of their weakness may be due to optical defects and J j what relief may be derived from use of glasses. fc " £. We examine eyes by the latest and most approved methods r 9 and correctly diagnose all defects. 9 I Osdood $ Ball k manufacturing Oi$tfciati$ jf- 156 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. 3Fltiy Cens or Piece of Cens Duplicated Examinations Free I I f I C. H. PHII POT Co., Props. 1 . J. KAPI AN, Manager Sporting Goods of Every Description The Right Goods at the Right Prices tbc Bmm-Bough rt Grocery Co. £ Tresh Gggs and ButUr a Specialty Il; Satisfaction guaranteed and patronage solicited 52 Post Street, San Jose y, I,owest prices Phone Blue 201 OLYMPIC ARMS CO . I 4 4 4 4 I or fGive Us a Trial 3 . I 8oi Market Street, Cor. Fourth SAN FRANCISCO if J. K. DAVIS I BI ACKSMITHING and CARRIAGE WORK | HORSESHO: ING A SI»:eCIAI,TY ? Below Postoffice Santa Clara, Cal. i ., $ J. J. DEVINfi B. J. DOUGHERTY OjJ I THE REDWOOD I POI ITICAL ANNOUNCEMENTS Superior Judge Long Term I J. R. WELCH I Republican Nominee X Election: November 8, 1904 j For Congress I For Supervisor 4 5th Congressional District E. A. HAYES . Regular Republican Nominee + Election: Tuesday, November 8, 1904 t t Fifth District 1 t I [ M. FAHHELL j J Regular Democratic Nominee j J Election, Tuesday, November 8, 1904 t TROY LONDON J CHICAGO PARIS NEW YORK BERLIN t SAN FRANCISCO t Croy Caundry | macbine Co., C ' f d T T t t t S$l=SS3 lUissioti Streett Sati Fraticisco, e;aK t t THE REDWOOD POWTICAI, ANNOUNCEMENTS t For Superior Judge Unexpired Term I DAVID M. BURITETT ♦ ♦ Democratic Nominee j Election: Tuesday November 8, 1904. t For Judge of the Superior Court Full Term OTCHOLAS BOWDEN 1 t I Election: Tuesday, November 8, 1904. J t t . " - ■ For Senator I For Supervisor Second District t Election: November 8, 1904 I 27tli District ELI WEIGHT Election: Tuesday, November 8, 1904 Republican Nominee I a7th District.— Alma, Almaden, Alameda, Burnett, Cottage Grove, Cambell, X Crandalville, East San Jose, Evergreen, Franklin Gilroy Guadalupe, Gardner, High- f land, Hamilton, Los Gatos, Los Animas, Llagas, Morgan Hill, Mt. Hamilton, More- j land, Oak Grove, Pioneer, Rucker, Robertsville, San Ysidro, vSan Felipe, Solis, Santa i Clara, Third Ward — San Jose, Union Uvas, Vineland, Wrights and Willow Glen, t WM. T. A QELEE, j Regular Democratic Nominee. I THE REDWOOD I Young Men ' s Furnishings i tjr2© ' ' ' 5= ' = is; wt » And the New Fall Styles in Ttukwcur, Boskr and 6kms | » » Voung men ' s $uit$ and l at$ « « •fe Now on Exhibition at I O ' Brien ' s ;{| Santa €lara, eal. Safe Deposit Vaults S OF THE San Jose Safe Deposit Bank Hbsolute Safety « The Fire and Burgular Proof Steel Vaults, Guarded by Time-Locks, and Watched JJ Night and Day, afford I Private rooms provided for the use of customers. Separate rooms for ladies Steel Safes of Large and small sizes to rent at moderate rates. { $$$4 $¥¥¥¥• THE REDWOOD - „ . i !™= COLLEaE HALL I « $ Wednesday Evening, November 23, 1904. 3; = S THE SENIOR DRAMATIC CI UB J OF SANTA CI ARA COI,I,BGE | ' The Light Eternal " i A Tale of the Persecution in Six Scenes by % MARTIN V. MERLE « Reserved Seats 50c and 75c General Admission 25c » I VICTORY THEATRE I SELBY OPPENHEIMBR, Lessee and Manager ATTRACTIONS FOR OCTOBER » Monday, October 3rd " The Wizard of Oz " JJ Thursday, October 6th Jas. J. Jefferies in ' ' Davy Crocket " J 8 Saturday, October 8th ' ' Sweet Clover " « Sunday, October 9th " York State Folks " 1 Wednesday, October 19th ( ( " Everyman " Ig Thursday Matinee, October 20th - Ben Greet ' s Co. " Everyman " J Thursday Evening, October 20tli (. i ' ' Much Ado About Nothing ' ' ' Xo Get a Good Pen Knife | GrKX AN KI HCTRIC Guaranteed to be as it ought to be. If it should not prove to be that we will be glad to exchange with you until you have one that is. MANICUR15 TOOI S, RAZORS J •f Guaranteed the same way. If you wish to shave easily, and in a hurry, get a Gem Safety Ra2;or. 5f» E The greatest convenience for the man who shaves himself. I THE JOHN STOCK SONS, $ f( Tinners, Roofers and Plumbers ' Phone Main 76 71-77 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. v S THE REDWOOD ! EAST I - a If going East secure choice of Routes, of limited trains and 2 I I § I tourist excursions by calling on nearest agent % I I 1 SoutKern Pacific I I g PAUL SHOUP, D. F. P. A., San Jose I E. O. Mccormick, Passenger Trafi c Manager, San Francisco 2 I T. H. GOODMAN, General Passenger Agent, San Francisco. J 1 i THE REDWOOD 1 T. F. SOURISSEAU | SI Ulanufacturinq Jeweler and J epairinq Badges and Class t ins M Specialty i % 6g% South First Street, San Jose, Cal. | I Highest Price Paid for Old Gold and Silver. Phone Blue 203 J I KILLAM FURNITURE Co., Inc. j I Jill Kinds of Bousefyold Turmsl)mqs at Lowest Prices SANTA CLARA, CAL. Students Ckthinq! It ' s of a different style from regular lines and with us a specialty. % That ' s why we have such a big trade amongst the students. Come and see. Carmichael, Ballaris Co., I Outfitters for all Mankind % 55-61 South First Street SAN JOS:i | I Established 1875 Phone West 462 n GEO. W. RYDER SON J] WBI :ERS and SIIyVBRSMlTHS The most extensive and complete stock of NEW Fine Goods. 8 South First Street, Safe Deposit Building, San Jose, Cal. I. RUTH CROCERIES AND DELICACIES Cigars and Cobaeeo Franklin Street, - - Santa Clara Cal. | I % BATHS I AUNDRY OFFICB % I THE OAK SHAVING PARLORS | % J. D. :ei I IS, Proprietor H % Barber to tbe College 1125 FrankUn street, next to O ' Brien ' s, Santa Calra | THE REDWOOD I CHAS. A. BOTHWELL I •5 WATCHES AND j:ew:iSl RY -5 : Repairing at Right Prices - T Old Gold Taken in Exchange 112 South First Street, San Jsoe T Ji S. D. ZARO. J. A. PETRINOVICH I Overland Restaurant tt I I ma „?rf!t :-- ' !t ' !? ■■ii» i i 3 (IC Telephone John 821. 29 North First Street, San Jose, Cal. i J; .5 r A II 0 - M jp. Mi CM . « , WILSON ALLEN - I Dealers in HARNESS and BICYCLES i Harness Repairing — v— .-. . .-.. -v ,,.,-.- ..,-. ... .,., .-. Bicycle Repairing I SANTA CRU AVENUE, I.OS GATOS, CAI,. WA " DXI T ' DT T Wholesale and Retail Meats • A. STM trtrt tx. Bonemeal for Chickens Ground to Order J Best Equipped Market on Earth I UNION MARKET I 1,0s GATOS, CAI,. ' iS i D perfection £ We have also lately doubled our working space, which now covers an area of 2300 y. sauare feet. I Announcement | 9. aa a— 1 — i B— — iWBiiiMiiii ■nwiiiii ■! ■■iiw m ■■ iiii ■ I J J THE NACE PRINTING COMPANY J J J | ESIRES to announce that they have just added a MIEHLE CYLINDER PRESS £ to their already well equipped establishment in Santa Clara. The " Miehle " -j stands at the head of its class and the world over is recognized as the acme of inn. I square feet. You are respectfully requested to call and inspect our new quarters and up-to-date 4 : machinery. f : Estimates furnished on all classes of work, large or small. When you need J 5I; printing you need a PRINTER— we are " it. " Respectfully J I NACE PRINTING COMPANY | I ' Phone Clay 574 Santa Clara, Cal. | ' THE REDWOOD I KlflSTSPS Business AY RES College 723 Market Street, San Francisco. £ I : The leading business training school. The only business ff ' ■I college in California that secures positions for graduates and | « keep them in employment. One young man from near Santa s •4 Clara is employed in the San Francisco National Bank, another ' stenographer for the Union Iron Works, and another with i Wells, Fargo Express Company, and other of your acquaintances : I in similar positions. Let us do as much for you. We have | ' been established eighteen years. Write for catalogue. j I E. R. AYRBS, Manager. f I 1 ! Santa Clara College 1 i s 4 This famous institution of learning, which is in charge of the • Jesuits, has a reputation even in Europe for the completeness of i£ J its equipment and the thoroughness of its instruction. With most J ' £ complete and appropriate accommodation in every department, • and a full staff of professors, the institution offers uncommon ad- £ ' 5 vantages for the mental, moral and practical training of young ■ ' 4 men and boys. 4 - . k £ FUI.1, PARTICUI.ARS MAY BK OBTAINED J £ BY Addressing the - - - p); I - I Rev. R. E. Kcnna, S. X | I Santa Clara College I I Santa Clara, - - - - California THE PIONEER UNIVERSITY OF THE PACIFIC SLOPE Bi Spring ' s Suits Co Order THE REDWOOD ? Smart Clothes } I Good Dresser | i . . a We announce the arrival of our new Fall Suits a I and Overcoats. | V ... a We have paid particular attention to the wants a i of the College Student. i Sole Jlgeitts for fi s m. Keadv to USear lotbts spring ' s San Sose €al a 3 3 ? 5i5 eef I2IIS V Wusk Bocks | We have the largest and finest stock on the Pacific Coast. When ? £ in need of Music, why not order from us? % } Wusical Instruments j j jm j 3 3 A Everything in the music line, Violins, Guitars, Banjos, Mandolins, k 3 Boston 3 " Star Cornet, Brass Instruments, Strings, Etc. I Curtaz Piano js j js j» J» j» } 3 3 Our own manufacture — 50 years on the market. A thoroiighly 3 well-made reliable piano at a reasonable price. Also sole agents 3 for Chickering, Vose, vSterliug and other pianos, and Apollo ® Master Player. 2 7 f J M j i0 5 i BEN J. CURTAZ 6c SON l I 16, 18, 20 O ' FARRELL ST., CURTAZ BUILDING, S. F. | BRANCHES— San Jose, Fresno, Alameda, Stockton, Palo Alto. THE REDWOOD A Have you ever experienced the convenience of a ? Ground Floor Gallery? g a 41 N. First vSt. San Jose The Most Elegantly Equipped Fotograf Studio in the City. Special Rates to Students and Classes Newest Designs in Mounts Pop ©aridioB arid leQ ©PQarq That (S annot be E.x©Glled SAMXA CI ARA © © © © © © Delivered in Santa Clara and All Parts of San Jose, THK REDWOOD i E. H. GUPPY SON BOOKS, FOUNTAIN PENS FINE WRITING PAPERS Telephone Red 322 31 to 35 East San Fernando St., San Jose J. O. ROBINSON PHARMACIST Pierce Block Santa Clara, Cal. rF ] NroR. wi]Nra COMPANY ' Nc. ; We design and engrave Ads, Book- lets, Catalogue Illustrations, I etter Heads, Cards Labels, Posters, etc. and we do it right. Ask for sug- gestions and prices. Sierra Photo Engraving Company, Inc. 334 Grant Avenue, San Francisco Phone Main 398 A. Zellerbach Sons I TmpoHers and Dealers in Paper, Twines and Cordage | Telephone, Private Exchange 14 416-426 Sansome Street, San Francisco THE REDWOOD Painless Extraction Charges Reasonable 1 OR. H. O. F. MENXON i OKISXISX Telephone Grant 373 1 Office Hours— 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. Rooms 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Bank Building, over Postoffice jjri Most Modern Appliances Santa Clara, Cal. J LOUIS ONEAL and O. D. RICHARDSON ATTORNEYS AT LAW Phone Main 94 Rooms 16-20 Auzerais Building, San Jose Goldstein $ 0o. Incorporated Costumers, Decorators and Theatrical Supplies 733 Market Street, opposite Grant Avenue, San Francisco Telephone Main 1615 Cbe Cargest and most HompMc Costume lloi9$e on tbe e;oa$t Official Costumers for all Theatres in San Francisco and on the Coast, also Furnishers for Santa Clara Passion Play, Bohemian Club Open Air Festivals and for all Carnivals on the Pacific Coast. F. SCHIIylyING SON 7 Post Street - - San Jose, Cal. Telephone Black 1031 Your success depends on having Fresh Smokeless Powders and Fresh loaded Rifle and Shotgun Shells. Latest and the best Hammerless Shotguns and Rifles, Luger and Colts Automatic Pistols. We can tell you where to Hunt, the Guns to Use, Names of Canyons, Springs, Summer Resorts, Etc. Finest Quality of Guns, Tishing Tackle and Sporting Goods. Our Sporting News is Always Reliable. THE REDWOOD Cunningham, Curtiss Welch stationers t Printers Booksellers And Blank Book Manufacturers ! 3i9-32i ' 323 Sansome Street, San Francisco i FRANK J. SOMERS, Manager. WM. H. HANBRinOE, Engineer I Century Electric Co. I Telephone Main 858 OF SAN JOSE Sole Hgetits for General eieetric motors nertist Camps and California Eamps PMBii|$ins Plants 20 SOUTH MARKET STRl BT, SAN JOSB PHONE JAMES 91 THE REDWOOD MODERN DENTISTRY Kvery modern device that can possibly make the best results easier for our patients is liberally supplied in our office equipment, facilities that insure expert dentistry, the kind that save tmie, trouble, pain, teeth and money. Painless dentistry; first-class work; raoderate ' charges. A written guar- antee given. PRICES: Gold Crowns, Porcelain Crowns, Bridge Work, Set of Teeth, I5.00. Gold Fillings, $1.00 up. Silver Fillings, 50c. PAINIyESS : XTRACTION 50c Consultation free. I ady attendant. Testimonials on file. Teeth ex- tracted free when plates are ordered. STERLING DENTAL CO., 26 South First Street Phone East 302. German spoken. DR. MAX WASSM AN, Manager. YOUR EYES are to valuable to be neglected. At the first sign of trouble you should have them care- fully examined and their needs ascertained. A pair of right glasses, when first needed, may save you much trouble and regret later on. You take no risk when you come to us. The correct fitting of glasses is our exclusive business, and we give an ab.solute guarantee of entire satisfaction in every case. EXAJVIINATION FREE Dr. Ceo. B. Pratt Br. B. K. Kerr OPTICIANS Hours 9 to 5 16 North Second St., San Jo.se Other hours by appointment Phone Blue 1322. i Redwood Subscriptions are respectfully solicited from the old boys. 99 Rates of Subscription, $1.50 a Year ! SANTA CI,ARA COI I BGl Santa Clara California Ilia THE REDWOOD Sierra Glass €:o Successor to MDRETTI SAMMANN Memorial l indoivs HH and Decorative Glass » Of HII Kinds « Telephone South 495 Z33 Tenth Street, Saa Francisco, Cal. ! HYACINTH BULBS I I Easter Lilies, Daffodils, St. Joseph Lilies, Fressias, T Narcissus, etc., just received from Holland. For early blooming PLANT NOW. SWEET PEA SEED For early blooming PLANT NOW. Kentucky Blue Grass Seed New crop just in. If j -ou want a beautiful lawn PLANT NOW. i Headquarters for I awn Dressing CHAS. C. NAVLET CO. FIVORIST AND S:i : D GROWER t Telephone Maiin26 Q A ' Kr TAQT OAT ♦ First and San Fernando Streets 0.«.1 J OXV, V.ii.ly t iShe - - %.%. EDWOOD » H k: ■ Santa Clara C o. 1 I .e © I SANTA CLAF.A ; C A, L I r O R N I A NOVEMBER, 1904 THE RFDWOOD FOSS HICKS Co. S! !SJ2 5 JS S 5! " i i ' ' f ' i ' £ 5 5 S 5 No. 45 West Santa Clara Street SAN JOSE. R eal_ state _Loa n s Investments A select and up-to-date list of just such properties as the Home- Seeker and Investor wants. INSURANCE " " ' ' ' Accident in the best Companies Ct The Fullest Information Regarding All Lrines of Business. 9 1 Osborne I Cottage Sysle Hall A private Sanatorium for the care and training of children suffering from Nervous Disorder or Arrested Mental Development. Under the personal management of Antrim Edgar Osborne M. D., Ph. D. Formerly and for 15 years Superintendent of the California State Institution for the Feeble Minded, etc. Accomodations in seperate cottages for a few adults cases seeking Rest Cure and treatment for drug addictions. Rates and particulars on application. nM M 5h M 3 OO v M i TM v .% OMT s THE RFDWOOD ic« neutn9M a ««e»« i««9s99»S]o0ie« °e «c» e » ««»CM «9«is«» 9«« »«s««M»««M«M9»C4«s° e»0« xs 9»v» ' «« • t«»»«»« »»«»« »..»« AGENTS- James A. Bannister Company Geo. G. Snow Co. Ho-Ka $3.50 Shoe HOFF KAYSER «ra3 ' !K!im»-.- KsraMwnmwa POPULAR PRICK SHOES 95 South First Street San Jose C. P. Cunningham : Successor to J. B. I ampkin 78 South First Street, San Jose. Men ' s Furnishings ™ Your patronage Respectfully Solicited. R. F. ROBERTSON ATTORNEY AT LAW City Attorney Los Gatos, Cal. Telephone James 5446 45-46 Auzerais Block, San Jose, Cal. Seaside Store, Santa Cruz S. I KASK Santa Clara and I,os Gatos CROSBY I,:eASK 376 Church Street N. Y. OFFICE . .«»e.,«»eMe« Crosby Leask Dry Goods and Men ' s We ar ' «» • •• .• «»« «»M«..c .9..9e.«.iCK«»e»«»«..CMt »»Ma« THE REDWOOD •»«.•«»•..•. »••• ' .•»•. «..«.. «..«..«..»«e,.t •.!•«•. g Santa Clara. Groceries and Provisions Teas, Coflfees, Flour Tinware, x gateware Feed, Potatoes Glassware, I,amps, Crockery Fancy Canned Goods Wood and Willowware J. W. BI ACK, Proprietor ER BROS. 27 Grant Avenue Picture Framing Of €v€ry ©escrli tloti San Francisco, Cal. H. E. WILCOX D. M. BURNETT ATTORNEYS AT LAW Rooms 19 and 20, vSafe Dejiosit Building San Jose, Cal. Designers and Engravers of Commercial, Bank and Insurance Work a Specialty Telephone Main 95 tin Calloway Otljograpliiiis Co 410-12-14 Sansome Street, S. E. Cor. Commercial San Francisco, Cal. C THAT Si H 40SB.eikU T C T TS.T TT ' TP 7-fJlT Ajreiit for tSte Celetoratea Knox Hat f O iiV LJ rs. Jn.J-±l Telephone Black 393 F. MUSGRAVE CO. Watchmakers and Manufacturing Jewelers 2995 Sixteenth Street, San Francisco Class Pius, Medals and Sodality Pius made to order. Designs Furnished THE REDWOOD £|fi!!imininiiiiinHiininri!!iHiiunHiHiiH!HniH!iinHiiinun!niHninsiS!inni!iisiiHisii!i!SHsn S Full Dress Suits a Specialty Established 1889 = JIngmm the tmhr LEADER OF LOW PRICES All the Latest Novelties Direct from Manufacturers Suits to Order $13.50 to $35.00 Pants to Order 3 -50 to 10.00 Jlngevine 5 the Great Wholesale tailor = I " - " ' ilto ' ufKJ ingst. 39 S. Second Street, San Jose | I Bicycle Repairing Sporting Goods I Gamot Dermody THE I IGHT AND YAI,E BICYCLES Baseball, Tennis, Golf and Football Supplies I BfaTk%75 69 South Second Street, San Jose | liunniiiiiiiiinisiiniiniiniiinniUBiuaiiHnniuiiniuiiniiniininniiiniiHHnnEiiBinsHniiHniniHiniiminri!! THE REDWOOD nminnimmiiiHiiHiniiiiiiiuiiiinimniiiniinmiiiHniiniiiiiiniiinniniiniinnnniiiiiiiniinniniiiiiiiii = Jacob Eberhard, Pres. and Manager. John J. Eberhard, Vice- Pres. and Ass ' t Manager = I €berbard Canning Co. | I Tanners, Curriers and Wool Pullers | = Harness- Ladigo and Lace Leather. Sole and Upper Leather, Calf, Kip and Sh eepskins = 5 Eberhard ' s Shirting Leather and Bark Woolskin E I Santa Clara, . . . - California I = Yota trade here yott save money here = I Kennedy Drug Company = Drugs Delivered to any part of the City Free. E = Telephone, Main 221 Porter Building, San Jose, Cal. E Cresenf Sbaving J. D. TRUAX, Prop. Parlors I 978 Main Street, opposite Postoffice SANTA CLARA, CAL- E I If You Want the Best I I Ask For m SILYEE BELL FLOUR | I FARMERS UMI®N, Distributors | I SAN JOSE, CAL. | I J. H. SULLIVAN I I PLUMBING, GAS FITTING AND TINNING | E Repairing Promptly Attended to 70 EJast Santa Clara Street, San Jose = E I atest Double Gear Samson Windmill Res.— N. ' B;. Corner St. John and Third Sts. =: i FELLOWS I We ' re after your trade and if goods and prices talk | I We ' ve got you sure I I ROOS BROS. I 5 25-37 Kearney Street, San Francisco = TiiinisiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiniiniiEnntniniwininiiinininiiiiiiiininutiiiiiiiniiimiiiiniiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiii I THE REDWOOD yollar d pt StoPQ F iotuLPOs ar d F ietupo Fparx iiiq •House Fupqish irigs, ]Pair|tir|g aqd PapQpirig Oppoisite Postoffiee, Saqta Qlara MANUEL MELLO Dealer in All Kinds of Boots and Shoes Telephone Clay 544 1084 Franklin Street, Pierce Block, Santa Clara F. A. ALDERMAN STATIONl RY, BI,ANK BOOKS, l TC. CIGARS AND TOBACCO All Kinds of Fountain Pens Next to Postoffice Baseball and Sporting Goods Santa Clara Schaezlein Burridge manufacturing Jeweflers laSS Pins and C:hurCb Ulork a Specialty No. 3 Hardie Place, off Kearney St., San Francisco O ' CONNOR SANITARIUM coNDucTEDjBY SISTERS OF CHARITY Training School for Nurses In Connection Race and San Carlos Streets SAN JOSE, CAL Pleisv anil l leg:aiit Parlors Reduced Rates to Students and Societies ANBREIJ P. MIILL, We make a SPECIALTY of getting our work out PROMPTI Y, and it is all finished here. Take the elevator at the Dougherty Building. No. 85 South Second Street. OSd FIjOtOS ©opled INSURANCE I RATJO SOMAVIA Santa Clara f THE REDWOOD EAT HUNTS BREAD REV. FATHER J. M, CASSIN, ST. ROSE ' S CHURCH Santa Rosa, Cal., June 3, 1904. George mayerle— Dear Sir: I received the glasses yesterday, I am much pleased with them, and think your bill moderate. I inclose the amount, and remain; yours sincerely, J. M. Cassin. George Mayerle ' s Eye Water A perfectly harmless and effective remedy, makes weak eyes strong, diseased eyes well, Rest tired eyes Price 50c. By Mail 62c. If your druggist does not keep it order direct from George Mayerle, loyi Market street, San Francisco George Mayerle ' s antiseptic eveglass cleaners, 2 for 25c. A WARNING TO THE PUBI IC When wishing to consult George Mayerle, the German Expert Optician, 1071 Market street, regard- he condition of the eyes, avoid mistaking the place MAYERI B " on the window B FOR]$ i NTIJRING. ing the condition of the eyes, avoid mistaking the place by looking for the name " GBORGS — - - - ■ ' — ' T1 T Phone John 1231 COFF: ROAST: RS t: a importers WM. McCarthy co. TEAS and SPICES 373 West Santa Clara Street San Jose, Cal. A. G. GEORGE t BARBER 922 Franklin Street Santa Clara, Cal. JVLILLARD BROS. Books " ■ Stationery and Fountain Pens 25-27 West Santa Clara Street San Jose, Cal. THE REDWOOD Incorporated »2 39 49 South market Street, eor. Post, San 3ose »2 »; Byer$ " 111cl11al)oii €o« Telephone Brown 1611 I THE STORE THAT SAVES YOU MONEY | % Carpets Draperies, Tiirniture f . - I- earpets Cleaned and Kelaid (Ipbolsterlns | »5 •S Onokum and Indois? Slfades |S South San Francisco, San Mateo Co., Cal. vSan Francisco, Oakland, San Jose, Sacramento Codes A I. A B. C. 4th FJdition C. F. Swift, President I,eroy Hough, Vice President and Treasurer W. D. Dennett Secretary J j Directors— C. F. Swift, I eroy Hough, Henry J. Crocker, W. D. Dennett and Jesse W. I ilienthal CAPITAI, PAID IN $760,000.00 I Western Meat Company I I Dressed lee!, Hlutton and Pork I I Monarch and Golden Gate Brands Canned Meats, Bacon, Hams and Lard Hides, Pelts Tallow, Fertilizer, Boues, Hoofs, Horn, Etc. ig Packing House and Stock Yards Distributing Houses Cable Address STBFAST, San Francisco I Gl NBRAI, OFFIC: : Sixth and Townsend St., San Francisco | ig — _- — I John Roll, President John D. Keller, Secretary and Manager ' S I Enkrprm Itlattufacturmq Co, | « - ■ ■ " " I Castings of Brass and Iron f i We have a Complete Equipped Machine and Blacksmith Shop §1 Forbes Cultivators, Power Spraj Pumps, Orchard and Packers ' Supplies a Specialty i ►2 ALL ORDERS GrVEN PROMPT ATTEIMTION t $ ,j? Telephone Black 1482 327-347 West Santa Clara Street, San Jose, Cal. ' Incorporated 1900 Manufacturers and Dealers in All Kinds of a? THK REDWOOD " Duck Motor Cycles I Bicycles, New or Second Hand Si Si w. Expert Guaranteed Repair Work All Kinds of Sundries and Supplies go to F. BRACHI R, looo Franklin Street, Santa Clara M. SHIRLE, Dealer in BOOTS AND SHOES III South First Street San Jose, Cal. OBBMUKENEM S FHAMMACY Eastman ' s Kodaks and Supplies Telephone Grant 471 1038 Franklin Street, Santa Clara SPECIALTJES Celebrated " Reuowu " Brand Baking Powder CoflFees Green, Roasted and Ground. Direct Importers of Teas Ruby Red Brand of Corn Strictly Pure California Olive Oil Pure Beeswax Candles Plain and Ornamental Stearic Acid Candles All Sizes Charcoal, Incense Eight Day Sanctuary Oil Wicks, Etc. A. J. RANKIN Co. Importers and ESbolesale 302 Battery Street, San Francisco Phone Main 1340 ROLL BROS. Real Estate and Insurance Phone North 60 Santa Clara, Calif :« Si J Si Si Si Si Si Si Si Si Si : Si :« Si Si Si Si Si Si Si Si s« Si Si Si : Si Si Si lj iij5c 22ii:i as i itgs8 t| 3 e»gi» { e»gs( ig 8 g293 THE REDWOOD I Wheeler ' s Restaurant i Tamales and Oysters Q. H. WHB: I : R, Cat erer Corner Third and Santa Clara Streets San Jose, Cal. Pacific Ulatii ifactMritii Eompan Dealers In and miiidows General Itllll IPorli Tel. North 401. SANTA CLARA, CAL. [§ Office Hours — 9 a. m. to 12 m. and i to 5 p. m. Phone White 961 I DR. T. M. CARMICHAEL £§ St. Luis Building DENTIST 115 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. S PO RTI N G GOODS Football Supplies Athletic Suits and Uniforms MARKET I Factory — 34 Second St. §j San Francisco THE REDWOOD r53n rSn rS3n rS3n r5 l-53 rS?i rS?i ARE YOU GOING TO PLAY FOOTBALL ? We Have Just What You Need. JERSEYS AND SWEATERS Quality — the Best. Prices — the Ivowest. YOU SELECT THE COLORS-WE DO THE REST £§ t§ I OUR Mllyl S ARE THB I ARGBST IN T j CUltTlSi 4 20 POST STRBBT -y l l l yi ( AN FRANCISCO, CAI.. All the I atest Styles in HATS OV:i5RCOATS SUIT CAS:i S CI UB BAGS ISTC. ] xclusive Patterns in BUSINl SS SUITINGS TUX: DOS PUIvIy DRI SS ] TC. ' S- ' ' S ' 29 WE;ST SANTA CI,ARA ST., SAN JOS , CAI IFORNIA fir • ' S -S .S 0 . • [It c tgpt c c c ac c E M c c t c c i c t c c c c o O Hiento« Bki oved De ad (Sonnet) - Henry de la Guardia ' 08 53 FAI.1.KN Chkrub - - - M. C. O ' Toole, ' 07 54 A Night Mare (Poem) - - - Sophomore 59 Thk Mystery of Coyote Creek - Thos. Donlon, ' 08 60 Ode to Victory (Poem) - - George Fisher, ' 07 64 The Mighty Stage - - Francis Floyd-Jones ' 07 66 The Psalm of I ife (Poem) Robert H. Shepherd, ' 08 70 An Itching Palm - - August Aguirre, ' 07 72 The Redwood, " Santa Clara " (Poem) Sophomore 78 College Drama: An Education - Martin V. Merle 80 Where the I ight Never Came (Poem) Richard A. de la Guardia - - - 85 Editorials — " Our National Superstition " - - - - 86 The Remedy - - - - - - 89 The December Redwood - - - - - 89 College Notes 90 AuLD IrANG Syne - 99 In the Library - - loi Exchanges - - - 103 Athletics 105 Nace Printing Co CEI S Santa Clara, Cal Entered Dec. iS, Kps, at Santa Clara, Calif, as second-class matter, under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. Vol.. IV. SANTA CLARA, CAI.., NOV. i, 1904. No. 3 BELOVED DEAD Meloved Jlead, ab close of day J fhen sunli hi slowly fades away, nd all ihin s iwili hifs livery wear, nd solemn silliness fills ihe air, iih lovin£ hearts for you we pray. Jf il dly crowned your spirits sir ay Jn happy realms, shall we essay 0 lend you help? h useless ' iwere, eloved Jlead! J ' ei whai wiihin our souls can siay he irouhled ihou£hi, e en now you may e near us ashing for a prayer Jour lin$ erin$ pains io lessen, ere Jou Join ihe sainisP h who can ay, eloved Jlead? enry de la uardia, ' 08 54 THE REDWOOD THE FALLEN CHERUB " Fallen cherub, to be weak is miserable. " Milton, P. L. The beautiful line of Milton which stands at the head of this paper will suggest to the ordinary reader the picture of a celestial being, in disgrace and in distress, sitting, it may be, on the burn- ing lake with wings drooping by his side and with tears, such as angels shed, in his once brilliant eyes. And in truth Milton in- tended such a picture. His cherub was a spirit of Paradise, a glorious creature, endowed with wonderful intellectual powers, and conceived for poetry ' s sake to be possessed of a winged hu- man form of heroic proportions. He stood, when thus addressed, amid the consternation and the fury of his fellow spirits, amid all the terrors of the frightful abyss, the new created Hell, and, what grieved him most, he was conscious of having done wrong and of meriting the dark abode of sorrow infinite. To apply this line to man may, therefore, seem strained and far-fetched, but still the underlying thought, that misery is weak- ness and weakness misery, is eminently applicable to human life. Nor is the term of address, " fallen cherub " less applicable. For though to our prosaic view of everyday life, man often seems a dull, unlovely being, still to our better knowledge he is something higher, something nobler, something more cherub-like than he is given credit for: — " What a piece of work is a man! How noble in reason, how infinite in faculties! In action how like an angel! In apprehension how like a god! The beauty of the world, the paragon of animals! Thus Shakespeare saw him in his ideal loveliness; and surely man in his true estate is a magnificent creature; with the many faculties of mind and body, through which sense and intellect co- operate in such phenomenal harmony, with the spiritual soul be- hind and above all else, that spiritual being so like an angel, which though encased in a human form, though surrounded by THE REDWOOD 55 the ' ' shades of the prison house, " peers through the senses on the material world about it. When therefore the blight falls on these marvelous and varied faculties have we not in all truth, a fallen cherub? And this is true of every man, the prince and the peasant, the man of learn- ing and the rude tiller of the soil. It matters not in what circum- stances one may find himself; the one thing necessary is to guard the nobiUty of his nature. The peasant in his humble sphere, may lead a life of inner loveliness and become a nobleman at heart. Born and destined to the peasant state, his faculties and tastes adapted to it, he may lead a perfect life, inasmuch as man ' s life on earth can be perfect, and, true to its precepts and ideals, de- velop inwardly and be a cherub in disguise. We see this often in life; a nobleman of nature though lowly circumstanced. We find it continually in literature as a beautiful ideal. Poetry draws her finest images of life when she depicts noble lowliness. " For them no more the blazing hearth shall burn Or busy housewife ply her evening care: No children run to lisp their sire ' s return, Or climb his knees the envied kiss to share. " This is a picture of something that has gone, but what an ideal of domestic happiness even though it be departed! So it is in every phase of life; there is always some ideal and where this ideal is true it is beautiful. From this height then a ruined man is plunged; his fall places a gulf between him and that higher estate wherein he should and might have dwelt. He may not be forced to witness huge affiic- tion and dismay, he may, for a while at least, be safe from the dun- geon horrible, from the regions of sorrow, the doleful shades; but it is none the less true of him that he is changed from w hat, when in the transcendent brightness of perfect manhood, he appeared to be. He is fallen and by reason of his superior faculties he is a fallen cherub, — and alas! into what pit, from what height fallen! Everyone has seen pictures of human sorrow. Of the many with whom we come in daily contact, but few seem to enjoy real happiness and real content. In circumstances to all appearances the most easy, with an ample income perhaps, and with duties not exceptionally onerous, with all other things of such kind as are 56 THE REDWOOD usually considered congenial, man is oftentimes found discontented and such a one we label as a " fallen cherub. " We see him in different states of life, the unhappy prince and the mis- erable pauper. We read of him too. The fallen cherub " is met with everyvv ' here in our literature. There are famous classical in- stances; Henry IV, for example, restless and unhappy, unable to enjoy the simple consolation of sleep, though in the height of his prosperity, though surrounded by all the vain comforts of luxury and wealth. There is a golden canopy above his head but in his heart misery and restlessness. These outward allurements of hap- piness cannot call forth the spiritual essence that is wanting. He is indeed a prince in outward form and acceptation, but the royal prerogative, the nobility of primitive innocence has passed away from his soul. I recall another kindred picture which occasioned no slight in- terest some time ago. The stir that arose in literary circles over the poetic conception of " The Man with the Hoe, " is no doubt fresh in the minds of all. It is a very pertinent and graphic illus- tration of our discussion and though exaggerated to a considerable degree when applied to social degradation only, it is very applica- ble to the man morally ruined. In Markham ' s picture we see ex- quisitely portrayed, one of our everyday cherubs, fallen to a very low depth and standing out painfully in contrast to the light heart- ed farmer of the " Angelus, " that happy peasant capable of thought, of the enjoyment of life, and of religious and domestic emotion. On the one side a man, a whole man, engaged in agri- culture and on the other the degenerate brute shackled to the soil. In every other state of life, through all the varied fields of human industry we find these " men with the hoe, " " these fallen cherubs " who either outwardly or inwardly have fallen from their proper dignity. Many again are there who have fallen away spiritually and, though they retain the outward appearance of men, they are within full of dead men ' s bones. But how is this terrible condition, this fall brought about? How can we explain it? We have but to follow the river of mis- ery and of failure and we shall come to the fountain-head of the whole stream. We shall find that the source of the trouble is mis- application of the faculties or, as it is commonly called, dissipation. THE REDWOOD 57 This dissipation may take many and various forms, but in this pre- sent attempt we shall consider that form only which is more wide- spread, and at the same time, less recognizable, — it is dissipation of the intellectual faculties. With all the conveniences of modern culture, few there are who distinguish themselves in intellectual activity, while their number is legion who to all appearances are well read and well informed, but who in reality have so used or abused their faculties that they are incapable of independent thought. Of the immense reading public how few read intelli- gently? How colossal the national intellect of America would be, were her vast volumes of printed matter real literature, or were that vt hich is literature, actually chewed and digested and so con- verted into real mental tissue! Men and women of all ages and conditions squander precious hours devouring w hat is but the froth of literature. Years and lifetimes are wasted which would suffice for the reading, nay the sound and salutary study of more serious works, works of priceless value and real invigorating thought of wiiich we may have so many. Thus it is in all the other fields of mental life. The spurious crow ds out the genuine, and the indo- lent, pleasure-seeking man gorges himself with the vain, and because unsustained, his intellectual life pines away and vanishes. So much for dissipation in general, there are other less ex- treme forms which are the more pernicious because they are not always recognized. Many are the lives that fail not through total misdirection and squandering of ability but merely by turning to pursuits, good in themselves, for which the man or w oman is not suited and was not destined. We often see men of considerable ability labor for years in some difficult position w here peculiar tal- ents and bent are neceSvSary and the result is that after continual and habitual lack of success, they end in total failure. Others again there are, men possessed of rare talents, often of real genius, which if directed towards its proper object would suffice for the accomplishment of splendid results, — who, through lack of ambi- tion, combined perhaps with unfavorable circumstances, under which they too easily succumb, suffer themselves to remain, year after year, in some inferior position where their high talents are never called into life and where nothing is accomplished but the maintenance of an aimless existence. 58 THE REDWOOD This then is the one type of man to whom I would apply the words " fallen cherub. " There has always been an appalling number of them in the world and, I fear, there always will be, un- less the nations can be made to realize the true significance of life as set forth by the teachings of religion. The attempts that have been made during the long course of the world ' s history to make men think more seriously of life, have been as varied as they have been numerous. Religion has always stood with outstretched arm, pointing the finger of righteousness towards the true goal of life. Philosophy and culture, when at their best have directed men along the same course. But falsehood has opposed religion and sophis- try has denied the teachings of reason, so that now in this twentieth century we have men who pose as teachers of mankind, while seeking to destroy all that is beautiful and noble and elevating in the Religion of Christ, which alone can raise man from the depths of misery and sin and make him as he was intended to be, ' Paulo minus ab Angelis — but a little less than the Angels. " M. C. 0 ' Tooi.E, ' 07. THE REDWOOD 59 A NIGHT MARE The Moon looked down upon the town, Where all the folks were sleeping; ' ' Alas! " quoth she, ' ' v hy should it be That I, sole vigil keeping, Should wander here from year to year, Alone in all my glory? " Thus spoke the Moon, poor wandering loon, And then, the old, old story. She came at dawn, by two steeds drawn To sue for adulation; But Sol too came, with mighty flame To flood the whole creation; The Moon grew wan, e ' er she began To feel vain-glory ' s tickle. That ' s all, my friends; tho ' the story lends A moral : Don ' t be fickle ! And do not try to go awry From your own proper lining; Stay where you are; a brilliant star May dim with others shining. Sophomore. 6o THE REDWOOD TiiE MYSTERY OF COYOTE CREER It was one of those typical Arizona da37S, — hot, dry and sleepy. The lizards stretched out on the bare rocks seemed to revel in this weather, but it was otherwise with two more cowpunchers who were riding down the Piedro canon. The rays of the sun radiat- ing from the almost perpendicular walls had converted the place into a veritable oven. The dust rising through the thick atmos- phere rendered breathing at once difficult and disagreeable and caused a thirst that could not be appeased. Under such circum- stances one could hardly be expected to bubble over with merri- ment, and the cowpunchers were no exception. I said there were two, but in most of the conversation and in all of the ' ' cussing " there was but one. He was a big, lanky, cop- per-colored individual, with an ugly dent in his left cheek that spoke of other tussles than the present one with the elements. Tim, such was his name, had an enviable reputation as a shot and for this reason he was generally respected in camp circles. On this particular day he was " cussin ' -mad " as the saying is, and he did cuss, — first, the weather, then the country, then the dust and the horses for raising it, and winding up by " cussing " himself for being such a fool as to come into that part of the world, — he took a large nugget of tobacco and munched it furiously. His compan- ion, who had been unable to say anything for the past hour, seized on this opportunity to make his presence felt. " Tim, " he said, " why didn ' t you cuss the boss who sent us on this ' ere trip, and him that has caused all the trouble. " " It seems sort ' er strange to me, " said Tim, after some thought, how them there cattle could have been stolen. We can track the critters to Coyote creek and then, blast me, if I can see what be- comes of ' em. " The cattle stealing thus intimated had been going on for some time and this it was that caused the foreman of Double Bar ranch to order his men out, even on this scorching day, to search for the missing animals. Tim and Sandy had spent the greater part of the morning in a vain attempt to find the stolen cattle and when THK REDWOOD 6i they returned home that night they found that all the other search- ers had been similiarly foiled. " Well boys, this ' ere thing beats all my days cowpunching; but it has to be cleared up some way. It ' s got to stop. You know that blue cow that was out on the pasture, the one we kept up for milking? Well, she is gone now and there is no cue to her where- abouts. " This little harangue was delivered on the morning after the futile search by Bob Long, foreman of the ranch, who was lean- ing against the door post in the men ' s bunk house. It was with a certain amount of sadness that he made the announcement and an expression of wonder coming simultaneously from all the bunks greeted his remarks. ' ' The blue cow, the one we got from Jenks? " " Yes, that ' s the one, boys, " answered the foreman. " Well, I ' ll be hanged! " some one exclaimed, and the boys rolled out and dressed for breakfast during an animated discussion on the possibilities of catching the culprit. The foreman passed out of the door and casting a casual glance at Tim ' s chaps, he noticed to his surprise a few blue hairs clinging to them. As he walked ?over to his cabin a deep sus- picion took possession of him. " But, " thought he, ' ' why should I suspect ray own man, who has always been straight except when on his periodicals. " Still a little watching would do no harm, and he told his friend Sandy to keep an eye on Tim and to notify him if ever the latter left his bunk. Everything went on smoothly until one night, when Sandy was away, five steers were stolen. The new loss enraged the foreman and he determined to watch in person during the following nights, without giving anybody, even his trusted friend Sandy, the slightest intimation. His place of concealment was a secluded nook on the banks of the Coyote. This creek, though in name insignificant, was in reality quite a stream and at the present time it was considerably swollen by the melting snow. It dashed between high rocky walls in a furious endeavor to reach the lowlands. At one place on the Double Bar ranch the bank was so close to the water ' s edge that the cattle were driven 62 THE REDWOOD there to drink. Thence it dashed through a deep high-walled gorge through which no man had ever passed. It was at this watering place that Bob Long, the foreman, concealed himself. On the second night of his watch his attention was aroused by the galloping of a mustang nearby. The night was dark, but Bob could descry the figure moving in the distance and was about to go in that direction when he heard the heavy gallop of steers coming his way. He paused, when to his utmost surprise ten yearlings rushed madly into the river and were soon floating out of sight held fast in the clutches of the current. A dark figure on horseback watched them for a while and would have departed in triumphant satisfaction had not the commanding voice of Bod I,ong rung out from concealment. ' Stay where you are, v retch, or die! " " Who are you? " asked tbe culprit, and Bob lyong recognized the voice of his friend Tim. " I am Bob Long, friend, " came the reply, " and I have you covered. Pitch that shooting iron of yourn into the creek or I ' ll puncture you with bullets. " Tim, realizing the danger of the situation, for Bob was as sure a shot as himself, complied without hesitation. " I guess I ' m at the end of my rope, Bob, " said Tim, as the lat- ter approached. " I tried the game once too often. " " Now, " said Long, keeping Tim covered with his gun, for he was a desperate man, " how in the name of common sense, do you calculate on getting any profit on dead and bruised cows? " " I don ' t see as I ' m getting dead cattle. " " But they can never get through that barranca alive. " Tim grinned and shifted his quid of tobacco. " I ' ll tell you the yarn, boss, " he said, " because no one else knows it but me and it would be poor policy in you to tell. You know that old spotted mare of mine? Well, one day she fell in this ' ere stream and I said ' good b e, old nag, ' but about a week after the old fool comes meandering back into camp, as fat and plump as you please. I says this ' ere thing has to be cleaned up; so in goes the old girl again and, as sure as I ' m here, back again she comes. This time I tracked her back about forty miles through them Mexican moun- tains and then down a narrow canon till I hits the old Coyote. THK REDWOOD 63 Out from the mouth of the gulch runs a sand bar and this is how the old girl got out. The current swings them right in close and out they comes. I worried about that thing for some time. " Tim stopped and taking a hitch in his belt and another chew he con- tinued: " So I reckons I had hit an easy money scheme. Well I push them critters into the creek and they come out in them moun- tains, where there is heaps of feed. Every month me and my pal round them up and sell them over the border. That ' s the whole yarn, boss. " ' ' So these trips to see your wife at Nogales were quite profit- able, eh? Well, come on, Tim, you ' ve made your last one. " In one of the desert plains of Arizona supported by a pyramid of rocks is a rude wooden cross and on it rudely carved may be seen the simple epitaph: ' Tim. " Here the lizards bask in the sweltering sun, the lonely buzzard lights to rest, here in the quiet evening is heard the bark of the coyote sharp and clear. When the cold west wind blows there is a murmur among the rocks as if the spirit within were calling. Thomas Doni,on, ' 08. THE REDWOOD ODE TO VICTORY Victory, thou soothing balm To wounds received thro ' love for thee, Art thou a goddess that dost calm The soul sunk deep in misery? 1 oftentimes have sought thy power In triumph ' s pompous, pageant hour, And I have worshipped at thy shrine And paid my homage to thee as to one divine! But when I saw thee on the fields, Where human blood like water ran, Where foe struck foe ' mid clash of shields. And man essayed his fellow man To kill, — thy smile was hard to bear, But harder still thy voice to hear Proclaimed by a victorious foe When victory to him, — to me was deepest woe. A demon thou art, that doth scorn The fallen? Nay, I ' ve gazed on thee Without that smile which oft is worn By conquering foe, without the glee Of triumph! I have seen thee rest On prostrate victims, when their breast Was pierced b lion ' s deadly claw Or when their spotless flesh was torn in beastly maw. THE REDWOOD 65 Ah maybe we have fondly thought That thou wert with us when Disgrace, By some opprobrious action wrought, Usurped the honor of thy place; For thou art just and just must be The man who seeks reward of thee. The upperhand attained in evil ways Is not thy gift, great Power, nor yet deserving praise. But thou, O Queen, in milder form Dost move in sportful contests, thou Dost come e ' en when our blood runs warm To crown our honor-blushing brow. And when from fields of noble fame We march in gladness home, thy name Is hurled in wildest glee, the while We bask within the sunshine of thy gladsome smile. Come then, O Victory, crown our brows Flushed with the glory of the fray; Weave us a wreath of laurel boughs. Spread fragrant flowers in our way. And when thou deign ' st to look on those Whom we in sport regard as foes. Teach u.s to cheer and shout for thee, For even in defeat, thou ' rt present, Victor} ' ! Gkorge Fisher, ' 07. 66 THE REDWOOD THE. MIGHTY STAGE The likening of this world to a great stage on which each and every one plays his part is a favorite and time-worn device used both in poetry and in prose. Its purpose is to bring out and de- velop the truth that all men have some particular part to play ranging in degree of im.portance from the supernume rary parts to the chief roles. The figure is worn almost to rags by its frequent usage, but nevertheless it is striking and even novel when grasped in all its vividness. Time was when I could read Shakespeare ' s lines: " All the world ' s a stage, And all the men and women merely players, " with little or no emotion and often with utter coldness, but I can thus read them no more. My conversion was brought about in this way: I had for a long time been a member of the Periwinkle Literary Club, and often did I think that the time spent at its meetings was squandered, until at a recent debate my attention was directed to the great Stage of life. Somebody, in a dissertation on Wordsworth, maintained that the poet ' s picture of life as found in his " Ode on Intimations of Immortality " was the most natural one in literature, that the idea of daily traveling, " farther from the Bast, " of the human soul, ' ' tossed in its human birth upon the shore of earth " and struggling for a brief span on a continent be- tween two immortal seas, left nothing to be desired, it was said, in the metaphorical concept of life. Some one else maintained that the simile of the river was most exhaustive, that life was in truth a mighty stream flowing through grassy vales and rocky straits, at one time placid and calm, at another rough and turbulent, now clear, now muddy, but forever flowing onward to the sea. There was an unusual interest in the meeting that night, and we did not adjourn until a resolution was passed to have, at the following convocation, a paper from Dr. Periwinkle himself on what he considered the best life-metaphor in our literature. The Doctor finally assented, and when the club had gathered for its special meeting, he read an essay which converted me and which, without any personal comments, I shall give to my readers. THK REDWOOD 67 At eight o ' clock on the appointed evening the Doctor arose and bowed to his audience. His venerable appearance, his deep sounding voice, his deliberate adjusting and readjusting of his spectacles, as he worked his way through the wisdom-laden para- graphs of his article caused an absolute stillness in the hall. " I am not a prophet, " he began, ' ' nor the son of a prophet, but with this idea of life compared to a stage running through my mind, I betook myself to bed some three nights ago, when, in my sleep, a vision mystical was granted unto me, a vision or a dream as you may call it, but marvelous it was and realistic. I found my- self in a huge theater, huge beyond imagination, with a stage in proportion. So spacious was the edifice that between the auditor- ium and the stage, the population of all this earth could be accom- modated, without crowding. Stupified I gazed about hopelessly and would have remained there in my silent admiration, had I not been singularly honored by my guardian angel who stood at my side and for a long time seemed to share my wonder. ' This is a great world, ' he said to me at length, ' and here is enacted the great drama of life. ' With that he brought me, as if by miraculous power, to a point of vantage which would, I think, correspond to a box in a real theater. Seated there I gazed about on the endless sea of heads in the auditorium, in the crowded gal- leries and in the mighty orchestra. From the audience I again turned to the stage, only to have my pleasant reverie thicken and become more mystical by the su- perb clash of instruments in hands angelic. The curtain was slowly rising and above the music I heard the clash of a mighty trumpet at which amid flash of calcium lights burning with a strong, uncanny glow and flashing and glistening in brilliant con- trast to the inky darkness of the auditorium, great multitudes moved out upon the stage. The play was on; and never had I witnessed such a scene of strenuous action, of roiting and reveling, all in tumultous confusion. Numbers were seen falling into trap- doors set for the unwary. All were rushing and hurrying, as if their very life depended upon tumult. Above the din of the stage I heard the mingled shouts and cheers and hisses of the might audience. It was a fickle, uncertain audience that cheered and applauded the poor acting, while t he good parts, worthy of appre- 68 THE REDWOOD elation, it greeted with hisses and condemnation. In other words the great drama seemed a Babylon of confusion, and in my dis- may I turned to my angel guide and whispered restlessly: ' Verily is this drama confused. ' ' Thou speakest well, ' he replied. ' It is confused and with- out an angel ' s help, thou could ' st not understand its theme. But I shall explain it unto thee. Seest thou yon golden cloud resting above the stage? ' I looked and saw the golden cloud. ' Beyond, ' said the angel, ' there is a mighty throne; whereon sits the Eternal surrounded by seraphs and cherubs. He is the Author of this great drama called Life. He has given to each man his part and in such wise that if all were careful to learn and per- form their parts as they should, everything would run smoothly; instead of this dire confusion there would be harmony, instead of all this bustle and trouble, there would be calmness and peace and joy. But the difhculty is that those who have leading parts despise the mob and those in the mob envy the prominent actors and so the great drama is ' confusion worse confounded. ' More- over the actors have of late years fallen into a great error. Though they are bound to play their parts as the Author of the Drama wishes they are constantly playing to the audience, trying to win for themselves the applause and glory which is due to Him alone. ' ' And who are these spectators? ' I asked. ' The entire race of men. They are both actors and spectators. They may be called upon at any time to take a leading or a secondary role, but for the most part they are watching the per- formance. And some there are who applaud when they should hiss, and who hiss when they should applaud. Some others ap- preciating good bits of acting cry out and clap their hands, but their cries are soon drowned in the mighty roar of disapprobation. Thus there is endless confusion. Another element of disorder has its origin in the orchestra. Originally the Stage Director appointed His angels to sing and play the songs of peace and happiness; now there is a stranger in the theater, and his troops of malcontents pipe strains of enmity to God. ' To do ought good never will be our task, ' is the burden of their song, and the audience applauds, and the actors strut about THE REDWOOD 69 amid such strains perfectly content to outward appearance, but within racked with terror and dread. ' ' And are there none, ' I asked, ' who avoid this tumult? ' ' Some there are, ' said the angel, ' but as their number is very small and as they refuse to play to the audience, they are oftentimes unknown to men. They enter unannounced and they have a quiet exit, quiet but withal peaceful, because they have within them the consciousness of having played their part well and they are content. They seek not for greater parts than those assigned to them. Neither are brilliant cOvStumes, nor prominent positions nor the flashes of stage lights, nor the accompanying strains of the or- chestra desired by them. To know and to do their duty is their ambition; and would that this were every man ' s ambition, ' added the angel, as suddenly and to my great chagrin I awoke with the prosaic ring of an alarm clock in my ears. Such was my vision, gentlemen, and I do not doubt that, had I enjoyed the sight longer, strange truths would have been made manifest to me. As it was I have seen the reasonableness of Shakespeare ' s lines, ' All the world ' s a stage, And all the men and women merely players. ' " Francis Floyd-Jonks, ' 07. 70 THE REDWOOD THE PSALM OF LIFE O Life, some are who look on thee As on a babbling Brook; Some as a mighty storm-whipped Sea Some as a sealed Book. And others are who view thee, Life, As if a mighty Stage, With something more than mimic strife Or mock-heroic rage. Not mine, alas! the poet ' s gift, Imagination ' s glow; But in my own way I shall lift My voice else crude and low. O Life, thou art a football field With goals on either end; Try all we may, we cannot shield Ourselves, we cannot lend Our souls to leisure and to rest, — The foe is everywhere; To beat us back he does his best By foul means and by fair. Success awaits the sturdy soul That fights thro ' thick and thin, And, with one eye upon the goal, Is in the game to win. Full many a tackle hard and rough, Will come when least ' tis thought,— Fear not: they test the kind of stuff Of which each man is wrought. THE REDWOOD 71 One cannot go straightforward, if He holds his head on high,— The humbler man — nor straight nor stiflf, — Is sure of victory. Haply some hopeful skirts the end And frees him from the throng;— A shout, — and then we see him blend E ' en with the dust;™ a strong Right arm has laid him low, his eyes Dust-laden swim, he sees Bright stars upon the sun-lit skies And men that look like trees. ' Tis wrong to go alone: stay by Your fellows on the field. Let your motto be: ' To do or die! " Know not the base word,— yield! And if because you ' re frail and weak, You feel a troubled soul, Shake off the fear; ' tis brains that speak And brains that win the goal. But ah! why should this contest be And why this jagged play? Where all should work in unity To the goal of a better day? Robert H. Shepherd, ' 07. 72 THE REDWOOD AN ITCHING PALM Joe Wilkins, a young man of twenty, — tall, well set, bold and brainy, — was a prominent figure on the Boilermakers ' football team. In the games against the universities he had more than once manifested a peculiar aptitude for this particular kind of sport; his punting was considered the best on the coast, he was one of the fastest men, for his size, on the gridiron, in bucking he was always sure to advance the ball and his tackles were irresistible; in a word the brawn acquired in the boiler shop made him an ideal football player. Joe had but one failing, an itching palm, and it is of this that I would write. It was a short while after a sensational game against Bereford University, where Joe covered himself with glory, or what students would consider glory, that our hero received the following letter from South Dakota. " Dear Sir: — I have heard much during the past year of your abilities as a football player and would like to make you a little proposition. I shall pay your fare from San Francisco to Dakota, defray all incidental expenses and obtain your admission into any course you would like, if you consent to come and help out our football team. We need a full-back and for this reason I am will- ing to spend some money. Trusting that you may see fit to accept my offer and in hope of hearing from you immediatel} I am Yours to command, Manager H. J. Hake. " Joe read the letter several times and was debating within him- self whether he should go or not, when his friend, Harry Morley, entered and took his seat opposite Joe who still gazed at the letter undecidedly. " What ' s the trouble, Joe, any bad news? " he asked at length. " Oh no, but there ' s an offer here to go up to Dakota to play football. What do you think of it? " " Can ' t you play all the football you w ant dow n here? Is there anything special in this particular offer? " " Well, yes; they ' ll pay all my expenses and, as they are mad- ly anxious to defeat Butte, I ' ll squeeze them for a bit more, for THE REDWOOD 73 some pocket money, you know. These college guys are easy, and, by the way—the thought just occurs to me — as there is much interest taken by both sides, I don ' t see why I can ' t get something from Butte too. " ' ' How can you get anything from Butte, Joe? " Wilkins rolled a cigarette and with lighted match in his hand he began in this strain: " Well, I guess I ' ll accept the offer. I can fix up things with the other school for a few hundred. It ' s a pipe to fumble the ball you know, or by Jove, I can put the other fellows wi.se to the sig- nals and that sort of thing. No one will get next, or even if they do, it cuts no ice with me. I can slip away with the rocks in my pocket and take the train for Frisco. So, old boy, I ' m off for Dakota. " " You ' re your own boss, Joe; but I think that it ' s a little risky, " was Harry ' s only comment. " Risk} ! Why man these university reubens are the easiest set on earth. " And so Joe made out his little telegram — " Terms accepted. Wire expenses. Joe Wilkins. " A week after the foregoing conversation there was a stir at the University of Dakota. Joe Wilkins, the famous full-back, had been matriculated. " Major economics " appealed to him forcibly and it was with a grin of satisfaction that he received his time- table with six hours for economics. " I ' ll double that time, " he thought to himself, " and during my stay at this joint economics Vi ill be my specialty. " At the football rally that evening Joe was introduced, amid thundering applause, to the assembled students. Manager Hake made an appropriate speech in w4iich he reviewed the past record of Joe, spoke of his punting, his head work and general usefulness. Joe was then called upon for a speech and in his embarrassment he stammered out a number of incoherent sentences which meant more or less that he would play as he never did before; that hav- ing a real purpose in view-— the defeat of a rival university team — he thought his enthusiasm would increase; that he was not as 74 THE REDWOOD much of a player as the manager intimated, but that he was will- ing to try for a place on the team. Perhaps some one gave Joe a hint beforehand as to the man- ner of conducting himself, or perhaps in his nervous ness he hit on those words " try for a place on the team. " At all events such personal diffidence on his part, who had a reputation of being the ablest player on the coast, took the students by surprise and they cheered till they were hoarse. Joe had never been in such circumstances before and, when he retired to rest that night, the foremost thought in his mind was: " How can I ever repay these students? " All thoughts of self and of gain vanished. He was a bona fide student and he would play a bona fide game. With this resolution he went to bed to sleep the sleep of the innocent. He slept that sleep and awoke to stern realities at 6 a. m. Class was scheduled for nine, gymnasium for ten-thirty, class again at eleven and at two, and football practice at three-thirty. The only things not scheduled were breakfast and dinner and Wilkins grew angry at the neglect of his fellow players as he waited and waited and waited for a call for breakfast. All the poetic sentiment of last night had vanished and would have vanished forever had he not been honored by a call from Manager Hake at seven-thirty. The manager told him that he was to breakfast at the Inn, and that was sufficient for the time being. Visions of porterhouse steak floated gorgeously before his mind ' s eye, the fascinating aroma of coffee straight tickled his nasal organ and the sweet little cigarette on top of all made the illusion actually esctatic. When therefore he found himself seated at the training table with a gigantic dish of ' ' Force " and a cup of " Postum " before him, he all but fainted. But he was game and meekly did he dispose of the " Force. " The furtive smoke after breakfast made him feel joyous again; but the long hour and a half of economics knocked his jovial spirits. O! how he longed for the boiler works, how he sighed for at least onehalf hour of freedom! The day dragged on till practice hour when, as was expected, Joe was the admiration of all. He was surely a " crackerjack " as some one expressed it, and with him as full-back it was all up with Butte. One player went so far as to tell Joe that he knew more about the game than the coach. The remark was innocent enough THE REDWOOD 75 in itself but it gave Joe a cue to further inquiries. ' If I am the whole thing in this shooting match why not receive a salary? The work and especially the food is the hardest I ' ve ever been up against and I do not see why some recompense should not be at- tached. " This thought engaged his mind w hen Manager Hake entered that night to ask how he liked the place. " I like the place and the students all right enough, " said Joe, ' but, gorl-darn it, I ' m broke, I feel like a beggar and I ' d like a little spending money, something like a hundred per month pay- able in advance. I ' m used to being independent and you ' ll easily understand the present situation. " The manager looked at Joe and then at the table. 0, yes, " he said at length, " I understand; but you know we make it a point not to pay salaries. If Butte heard we were doing that kind of business they ' d call the game off. " " The deuce with Butte! I want something to live on and at present I ' m dead broke. Couldn ' t you fake it? " " Fake what? " asked Hake. " The salary of course, " responded the new student as una- bashed as it he were playing a game of cards. " Do it this way, give me a present every now and then. It will look the same to me. " I see, but I could not give 3 ou anything without the appro- bation of the student body. Still as you are broke here ' s ten dol- lars and I ' ll see what we can do for you further than this at the next meeting. " -A !« It was a week before the big game. Jim Sexton and John Resin, the captain and manager of the Butte team, had for a long time been discussing the possibilities of winning and had come to the conclusion that these were very slim. With Wilkins of San Francisco and Jones of Chicago added to their already star team Dakota would win in a walk; there was no doubt about the issue. Just as this conclusion was reached the servant announced a certain Joe Wilkins from Dakota University. " Joe Wilkins from Dakota University! " exclaimed the two simultaneously. " Bring him in immediately. " 76 THE REDWOOD When Joe entered, whicli was not long after, the two Butte men arose to shake. They had heard of his playing and of his popularity, they had envied Dakota on having such a man, and, now that they saw him face to face, they rejoiced exceedingly. Wilkins rejoiced also and took a cosy posture in the Morris chair. " Well fellows, " he began, " are you going to win? " ' ' That depends on luck, Wilkins, and on our team ' s form. We have a pretty good team, but I fear you have a better one, " said Jim Sexton, the Butte captain. " Still I think we ' ll make you work for your money. " " Talking about money, " interrupted Joe, " how much would you give for the game? " The two Butte men looked at each other inquiringly. " How much? " said Sexton at last, " well, if it could be bought we ' d give our share of the gate receipts. We ' d rather have the game than the money. " " And your share of the gate receipts is something over five thousand is it not? " interrupted Joe. " Five thousand, " was the reply. " Then, gentlemen, I ' ll sell you the game for half that sum. I have no use for Dakota. They did me dirt and I ' m not obliged to them. " " How can you sell the game, " asked Resin. ' ' That ' s simple enough, " was the reply. " If you people know the signals and I fumble the ball when necessary, the game will be yours surer than day. " " By Jove! it ' s ago, " exclaimed Sexton as he patted the visi- tor on the back. " Hold a moment, " interrupted Resin, " what do we know about this fellow? Besides we should do nothing like this without much thought. " " Much thought nonsense! They have rung in two profes- sional players on us and we are justified in retaliating. " " Yes, " said Wilkins, " and they gloated over the prospective victory in such a manner that they literally disgusted me and made me form this resolution, which two thousand five hundred will see realized. " After further debate the three men agreed. Wilkins was to THK REDWOOD 77 receive his money before the game began, he was to fumble the ball whenever it was in dangerous proximity to Butte ' s goal, he was to give the signals faithfully and to pledge secrecy upon all matters thus agreed upon. ' ' It ' s not the proper thing! I ' ll not stand for it! I ' d rather lose ten games honestl3 than to win one by fraud. I threatened to do it and I have done it. The Dakota manager knows of the treachery and has the means of frustrating the traitor. " Such was the animated conclusion to a long discussion on the morning of the big game between Captain Sexton and Manager Resin. The words were Resin ' s. Just how he had informed was not actually known; but that he had laid bare the evil treach- ery was certain. It was therefore no little surprise to see the Dakota men march from their dressing quarters with Joe Wilkins on their shoulders and proceed amid frantic applause to the center of the field. When, however, it was observed that a large placard was attached to his back with the words, " This traitor tried to sell the game for money, " the Butte men realized that Resin was true to his word. When the procession had reached the middle of the field, Manager Hake commanded silence and the mob paused in breathless curiosity. A few words explained the nature of Wil- kin ' s deed and the hisses of the multitude grew alarming. It was, on a small scale, a lynching scene. But the students did not go so far; they merely stripped the offender to the waist and tying him to the goal posts gave him a verberation the more painful by rea- son of its ignomony. They then released him and bade him go back where he belonged. The game went on and resulted in Butte ' s favor 6-0. Honesty after all is the best policy. Joe Wilkins concluded, as he wandered slowly homeward on a breakbeam, that students are not so very easy after all, and he realized that major economics in his sense of the word did not bring very much happiness in its train. August Aguirrk, ' 07. 78 THE REDWOOD THE REDWOOD. " SANTA CLARA " Written, in part, during the recent visit of the Redwood staff to the Big Basin. The special reference is to the magnificent and graceful Redwood which on the feast of St. Clare, August 12, 1901, was given the name of Santa Clara. Beside the Redwood beautiful and grand, That lifts its form towards heaven, as tho ' in quest Of some bright star to crown its verdant crest, Inspired, moved, in wondering awe I stand. O ' tis a noble piece of Nature ' s art, And noble was the deed of him who fought To save it and its fellows, when ' twas thought To fell these ancient monarchs for the mart. To heaven it rises all in majesty. Called by thy name, O Parent of my mind: And as I gaze, methinks that I could find Thine image, Alma Mater, in that tree. Like to that monarch of the forest, strong. Deep-rooted, constant, grand, majestic, free, Thou standest single, nothing like to thee Pointing to heaven from amid the throng THE REDWOOD 79 Of worldly-wise, who plod in devious ways, Unmindful of tlie nobler, higher range Of things immortal that nor fail, nor change; Long hast thou struggled thus in hope to raise Man ' s heart to God; ThouVt pointing still To higher things. O may some generous hand Adorn thine outward aspect; thou art grand In purpose, thou art doubly grand in will; But yet thouVt rustic in thine outer guise. To Heaven; to God; " — thy motto e ' er hath been And, Alma Mater, my soul ' s exalted queen, To heaven thy stately towers will ere long rise. Sophomore. 8o THE REDWOOD COLLEGE DSAMA-. AN EDUCATION It is admitted by all that the excellence of auy scientific knowledge is principally derived from the nobility of the elements that go to make up its object. The drama might be thus defended, but in the present attempt I shall appeal rather to its moral and elevating effects, and shall endeavor to show that, as a m atter of higher education the College Drama should not only be tolerated, but should be firmly established in every institution that devotes itself to the intellectual development of its students. Its advant- ages are so numerous, and far reaching, that one cannot pass it over carelessly; it must be fostered and encouraged, and given good sound consideration. To begin with, it has its essential points, which no one can well dispute. It is a common article of educational belief that the best results are obtained where the study is one that delights, one that mingles the useful with the pleasing. This belief has by some been pushed too far in an endeavor to make every study agreeable, and one must guard against the error; but on the other hand it re- mains true that diversion is needful and a useful diversion is what strikes one when he considers the effects of the drama. It is from the first a variety in the strenuous development of college educa- tion; it breaks up the monotony of college life as nothing else can, and establishes a lively college spirit, an undeniable requisite for success. The College Drama, therefore, viewed in its proper light is a serious consideration. It is above all the one form of re- creation that develops the intellect. Athletics I beheve to be an absolute necessity in college life, for they clear the mind and pre- pare the student for better work, but they have no direct bearing on intellectual development, w4iile on the other hand the better dramas instruct as well as offer due relaxation, and impart to the student mind the greatest of all training, that penetrating keen- ness so necessary in all studies. For this reason a noted German writer says: " The aim of the better College Drama should be to unite successfully all the arts within the compass of the drama. " We shall now consider a few of the benefits of College Drama, for it is impossible to give thought to all. The first step is in the: redwood choosing the play, and is there room for education here? Most assuredly there is. From the great variety of dramatic writings one must be chosen. Some have educational properties, some are destructive in their tendency. Choose, therefore, if you wish, a healthy Greek or Latin classic, either from the comedies or the tragedies, take a play of Shakespeare, or some other highly in- structive drama, or if time and talent are at your disposal, fix upon one of those mediaeval gems of which " Everyman " is a type. This is an old device in educational bodies. As far back as the year 1582 we find the Jesuit colleges producing plays, the subjects of which were frequently biblical or allegorical. Favorite subjects w ere the lives of the Saints, with their rich, beautiful, touching and morally ennobHng elements, and the Christian legends. In these, the Catholic colleges have preserved, as Professor Paulsen aptly remarks, a " poetical treasure which in many respects sur- passes the stories of the old testament, both in purity and dramat- ic apphcability. " The play once decided upon, the casting of the characters is the second step. In a college where there are many students their temperaments are different and varied. From among these the cast must be picked. The general make-np of the student must be considered, and the character allotted to him must be one which as far as it is possible, will develop what is best in him. Of course this distribution of parts is but a preliminary step; the real advant- age to the student comes later. When he receives his part the real study begins which consists not in the mere memorizing of lines, cues, entrances and exits, — these in themselves anindispensi- ble aid to the development of the memory, — but furthermore, in the conscientious and minute consideration of everj shade of thought and every transition of the character. He must in the stud} theo- rize on all of its possibilities, its thoughts, speeches, action and mannerisms, so that, when he comes before the footlights he can put into practice that theory and sink his own personality in that of the character which he represents. Until he has done this his education in the drama is at fault. No wonder then it is said, that all the arts must unite in the drama. Keenness of intellect, dis- crimination of character, clearness of ennunciation, gracefulness of carriage, proper interpretation of parts, and to this we must add 82 THE REDWOOD the self sinking needed in accepting disagreeable roles, considera- tion of others in yielding the foreground, and a thousand other ad- vantages to the student generally. Today, as of old, when the College Drama is chosen from the very best, there is this untold advantage that the student is forced to bring his own mind iu closer touch with that of the author, he is brought to see the play as it was conceived in the mind of its creator and he must be brought to realize its every thought and word and the reason for its presence. If there is any other way of studying English authors the present writer is in total ignorance of it. Think then of the advantages of becoming familiar with, for instance, Shakespeare ' s way of thinking, his mode of expression, and of speaking his thoughts as though they were one ' s own; of entering with him into the various moods of the characters he has drawn. Plays chosen with this end in view, cannot but educate. They destroy the opinions of certain so-called educators who were opposed to dramas in the vernacular, declaring that they were good enough for the common people and apprentices, but unbe- coming students. The next step is the production of the drama itself. Under the eye of a careful and discriminating director, one fully in touch w ith his subject, the students have be en rehearsed and prepared. The thoughts and opinions which they had conceived of their own individual pares and of the play as a whole, are corrected if need- ful, and unfolded, broadened and made to stand forth in bold relief. As one grows without realizing it, and changes without immediate- ly feeling it, so under the influence of the drama the student has unconsciously and gradually made great strides along intellectual lines. From constant rehearsal and devotion to his character he has brought upon himself the atmosphere of the play, and he has felt its ennobling, moral and elevating effects, for bear in mind that we are treating only of the better drama. When the play is good, and the student actor has prepared his part as a matter of education as well as pleasure and diversion, the College Drama never misses its end. It is bound to w ork its truth upon the audi- ence; it cannot fail to make its power felt. It has served to uncog a heretofore untouched wheel in the machinery of the student, and it has brought the audience to realize the fact that there is some- THE REDWOOD 83 thing higher aud nearer the ideal than the evil matter that is turned out of the minds of some men, and that masquerades under the false name of drama. In a word then, the student has succeeded, he has now the applause of his audience and nothing is more fruitful in its effects than success. Danger, of course, exists inasmuch as one is apt to grow conceited, but conceit, if it is to come at all, has very little room among students. Even the best, if he thinks he is the best, is turned down in time by his fellows. Self-reliance then, and worthy ambition, coupled with manliness and a bold, undaunted stand is the immediate and salutary result of a successful student drama. Unfortunately enough time is not given to this very necessary branch of education. It is not the intention of this paper to advo- cate an over-attention to it, nor to advise its supercedence over the regular college course, but I do not think that it is necessary to spend much time on this point as the reader surely realizes the end for which this paper was written. x t present the drama in the vernacular is given a prominent place in the Jesuit curriculum, while the magnificent amphitheater at Berkeley University and the Greek Club of Harvard are devoted to the furtherance of the class- ical drama. The majority of lay colleges do not give this important branch sufficient consideration. There is a tendency among some to give too much time to the lighter vein of entertainment, all innocent and pleasureable distractions in themselves, but of no educational value. Away back in the earliest history of Jesuit schools we find play-acting a part of the curriculum. To summarize the remarks of the Rev. Robert Schwickerath, S. J., we might say that there were times when the Jesuits had to defend their practice, especial- ly against the rigorists of Port Royal, the Jansenistsin general, and in the eighteenth centurj against several governments, which were swayed by a prosaic buieaucratic spirit of utilitarianism. The principles according to which the drama in Jesuit schools was to be conducted are laid down by Jouvency in his ' ' Ratio Docendi " and by Father Massen and by Father Long, both of whom have contributed books on the technique of the drama. The Institute 84 THE REDWOOD of the Society had taken precautions that the school drama should never interfere with the work of the college, but rather go hand in hand with it. As the whole literary education of the Jesuits, so also their drama was subordinate to the religious and moral train- ing. The Ratio Studiorum prohibited the reading of any classical plays which contained obscenities; they had first to be expurgated, and expressly mentioned were Terence and Plautus. This must reflect most favorably on the Jesuits, in a time when vulgarity and obscenity reigned supreme in literature and drama. It is the aim of the Jesuit drama to educate the student, to guard the youth against the corrupting influence of evil society, to portray vice as something intrinsically despicable, to rouse up the inner man to a zealous crusade of virtue, for even in the treatment of purely secular subjects the plot was always of a spiritually se- rious, deeply tragic and morally important nature. It has as its further ideal the elevation of the drama and of the stage, as to wit: the now famous Passion Play of Santa Clara, a play whose in- fluence upon all who have seen it has been nothing short of mar- velous. And so in other Jesuit colleges in these and in former times. The aim of the Jesuit drama is high, its end ideal and Pro- testant writers notably have given it the deepest consideration and the highest praise. Therefore, let me say in conclusion that no institution of learn- ing can afford to neglect the drama as an education. Its results will be many and widespreading. It will serve not only to place in its proper position an art which belongs in the very front row of higher things, but it will also serve to create better thoughts, better spirit, better students and above all better men. Martin V. Mkrlk, Junior Special. THE REDWOOD 85 where: the: light neve:k came: speak not, He is dying In his prison cell; Speak not, He is trying His last wish to tell. Heard ye? While we ' re basking In the sunshine bright; Heard, ye? He is asking For a ray of light. Vainly I (Death is creeping O ' er his chill, cold frat-ne; Vainly I He is sleeping Where that light ne ' er came. (Richard A. de la Guardia, ' 08. p5SR«! Published Monthly by the Students of Santa Clara College The object of The Redwood is to record our College Doings, to give proof of College Industry and to knit closer together the hearts of the Boys of the Present and of the Fast. EDITORIAL STAFF EXECUTIVE BOARD Martin V. Merle, jspedai - - - President Gerald P. Beaumont, |sp?dai - Vice-President Michael R. O ' Reilly, ' o6 - - Business Manager John W. Byrnes, ' o6 - . . - Secretary George Casey, ' 07 - - Assistant Secretary associate editors Ralph C. Harrison, ' 05 Micheal C. O ' Toole, ' 07 Rob ' t. Y. Hayne, ' 08 Francis Floyd-Jones, ' 07 assistant business managers Angelo Quevedo, ' 05 Joseph Curley, ' 05 Thos. Leonard, j IpJdIi L. D. Woodford, ' 07 R. A. Hicks, ' 07 Address all communications to The Redwood, Santa Clara College, California Terms of subscription, 2.00 a year; single copies, 25 cents. EDITORIALS « OUR KATIOKAL SOPER.STITION " To speak of superstition to the average American citizen is to transpose him far back into the Middle Ages; he will not brook the accusation that we of America are superstitious. Still Professor Barrett Wendell of Harvard University has written, in the Sep- tember number of the North American Review a lengthy article THE REDWOOD 87 on " Our National Superstition, " and has not, as far as we have noticed, been censured for it. Nor do we intend to censure; his position seems too strong, his authority too high, his facts too clear to justify opposition. When he tells us that his conclusions are reached after twenty-five years ' experience, and when we have learned that he is a man whose authority even England and France respect, (in 1897 - was the Clark Lecturer at Trinity College, Cambridge, and has been invited to inaugurate the Lec- turship on American Literature recently established at the Sar- bonne) we are inclined to take his word on a point so vital in im- portance or, at least, to examine his utterance with a view to find out whether or not there is any foundation for the accusation. The superstition for which our nation is arraigned by this eminent authority is of a peculiar kind; we are bowing the knee to an idol behind which there is no truth. In many other forms of superstition there is this, that may be offered by way of excuse or, at least, explanation; that behind the idol there is some truth, and that the idolatry is the result of confused or exaggerated notions of what the truth is. The Persians worshiping the Sun were idolatrous, yet they showed a certain sense of the fitness of things; they knew that it was necessary for dependent man to acknowledge his dependence and the Sun was, to their idea, the source of countless favors. And so when man bows to Mammon, there is something substantial in the cult, something that he can feel and see and use for his enjoyment and his comfort. In Wendell ' s superstition there is nothing substantial, nothing real; all is hollowness and conceit and deception. This is a serious accusation and it demands more than pass- ing thought. What is the object of this superstitious cult? Strange as it may seem to some it is education! not education as such, but education as conceived and carried on in America. That we build temples to this goddess is certain. Says Professor Wendell: " In most of our towns and cities, particularly as you travel west- ward, the most stately and impressive structures are not churches or religious houses. They are rather the abiding places of schools and colleges and public libraries freely devoted to the education of everybody. " It may not be quite as certain that Americans be- lieve that " in education lies salvation, " but using the Professor ' s 88 THE REDWOOD example and comparing what was doue in Mediaeval times towards the erection of churches, and the purpose with w hich this was done, with what is now going on in America for the building up of stately educational piles, it looks very much as if there were some truth in the Professor ' s remarkable utterance, that people are coming to believe that to be saved it is but necessary to educate our fellow men. But we have not yet reached the strongest or rather saddest point in the article. All this homage, we are told, is paid to a goddess that has no reality. In other words the education of today is a vapor unsubstantial and unproductive of good results. This is going pretty far and it is painful for an American to hear it. If we had a golden calf we could break it up for the gold, or, in case it v ere artistic, we could preserve it for its artistic merits. But we have neither gold nor art according to this Harvard ed- ucator. To prove his charge he uses the twofold weapon of facts and sound logical reasoning. His facts have been gathered during a quarter of a century ' s experience at the largest and, according to many, the bCvSt University in America. These facts tend to the corroboration of the astonishing assertion that, " There are few colleges in America from which we (Harvard examination commit- tee-men) vere not sometimes — I had almost said often — confronted with Bachelors of Arts who seemed virtually uneducated, " and what made the situation more deplorable, " they supposed them- selves educated, all the while. " Many similar facts are produced, and they demand serious thought; but his reasoning deserves more attention. He shows very clearly that the modern system of education which tends to make every school hour " glow heavenly, " which substitutes " field study of the rocks and wnld-flowers " for the former plod- ding through hard ways, is fraught with injurious consequences. It may arouse attention, but the attention will be spontaneous not voluntary, and spontaneous attention or attention to interesting topics is not a desideratum. Anyone can read an interesting novel, but not all can concentrate their mental powers on a difficult problem and this concentration alone, or rather, the system that gives it, is worthy of the name of education. THE REDWOOD 89 THE REMEDY The Professor ' s proposed remedy to this lamentable state of affairs is one that would be called ridiculously Mediaeval, if ad- vocated by a man without the prestige of a Harvard professor. He actually advocates what President Eliot condemned some years ago when he attacked the Jesuit system of education. Wendell does not call his proposed remedy the system of the Jesuits; but he wishes a return to the old methods. " I am bound to say, " these are his words, that purely practical considerations go far to justify the old system of classics and mathematics in comparison to any- thing newer. " ' %atin and Greek " is his cry, though he is pro- fessor of English, for experience has taught him that these studies alone can give to the growing mind the power of concentration so essential for actual intellectual work. We might delay on many incidental phases of this truly excel- lent article; but its educational importance was what alone at- tracted our attention. The side thrusts at Mediaeval superstition were used only as illustrations and it would not do for us to criti- cise the writer for a mere passing allusion. THE DECEMBER REDWOOD We intend to use every effort to make the next issue of the Redwood not worthy, but as little unworthy as possible, of the great Jubilee celebration which, on December the eighth, will be held throughout the entire Catholic Church. The occasion is the fiftieth anniversary of the declaration that announced the Catholic dogma of the Immaculate Conception of Mary, the great Mother of God. In thus stating our intention before hand we wish to pre- pare our readers for a possible delay in the publication. We shall endeavor to avoid a delay, but as the occasion calls for our best efforts, we may be forced to give more time to selection and ar- rangement of the matter handed in. This jubilee celebration is to be one of the most memorable events in our lifetime; our publication is to remain a monument of this event and, therefore, that besides the literary element we may be able to add an artistic quality to the edition, we take this occas- ion of granting to all our patrons the privilege of contributing financially to a work of love and Catholic devotion. Any little contribution will be welcome. go THE REDWOOD COLLEGE NOTES TKe Promotion Committee Pursuant to a call sent out by the promotion committee of Santa Clara College, an enthusiastic meeting was held in the Philhistorian debating hall on the afternoon of October 23. This call was signed by H. L. Middleton, Ed. H. CosgrifT, A. B., ' 02, and Rev. Robert E. Kenna, S. J., in behalf of the committee. At the opening of the meeting Mr. Middleton was called to the chair. At his request Rev. Father Kenna briefly stated the object of the gathering which was for the purpose of co-operating with the President of the college in raising funds for the erection of a new building for the greater Santa Clara College on the magnifi- cent site recently secured near Mountain View. P ' ather Kenna alluded to the humble but heroic commencement by Father Nobili who, with but $150 in his pocket, began and carried on the great work of founding the college, Santa Clara was truly a child of poverty; her heroic founder and his co-laborers needed brave hearts and great souls to do what seemed impossible, but their courage and confidence carried all before them, and in a few years the low one-story adobe buildings were transformed into the pres- ent stately edifice. Santa Clara College was a self-made institution, and has been a self-sustaining one ever since, with no endowment whatever. She, indeed always paid her bills, but she did not lay by any great bank account. The time has come when the college needs better buildings, more room and many modern improve- ments. The graduates and old pupils are to be found all over the land, respected, trusted and honored. She has done great and good work for the commonwealth. It is but right and proper that she have buildings more in keeping with her renown. ' We have secured, " said Father Kenna, " a magnificent site for the college and all that is now needed is the means to build and the promotion committee ' s glory will be to co-operate with the fathers to secure these means. " He then paid a feeling compli- ment to H. A. Middleton, the chairman, stating how that gentle- H. L. MiDDLETOx, Esq., President of the Santa Clara College Promotion Committee THE REDWOOD 91 man had conceived a noble plan of raising money to build the new edifice. Mr. Middleton, in a few words, clear and concise, explained the plane to raise first $250,000 and more later on. He advised the expansion of the present promotion committee into a commit- tee of one hundred, each of whom would strive to raise, by all lawful means, $2500 for the building fund. Messrs. John O ' Toole, Hon. Nicholas Bowden and Father Kenna seconded the plans proposed by Mr. Middleton. The names of the one hundred chosen by the promotion committee were read by the secretary, and after many interesting remarks it was enthusiastically resolved to hold a meeting of this committee of one hundred in the near future to begin an active canvass for money and materials. The meeting will be held in San Francisco. Among the many com- mittees appointed were the committee on press, which was as follows: James Donohoe, chairman; Charles K. McClatchy, James A. Emery, and two other names yet to be added. Many sent letters of regret at being unable to attend the meeting. Those present were full of enthusiasm, which leaves no doubt of the success of this noble movement in behalf of Califor- nia ' s pioneer college. A vote of thanks was given Mr. Middleton for his plans and his zeal. Among those present were Chas. W. Quilty, A. B., ' 78, Charles Cassen, B. S. ' 88, Charles Laumeister, John O ' Gara, A. B. ' 92 Nick Pellerino, Hon. Nick Bowden, Harry Wilcox, A. B. ' 80, J. E: Auzerais, B. S. ' 97, M. H. Kelly, H. L. Middleton, Ed. Cosgriff, A. B. ' 92, Otto Stoesser, B. S. ' 87, John O ' Toole B. S. ' 90 and others. Father Kenna is much encouraged by the enthusiasm of the committee and he hopes soon to see the work actually begun. In the meantime he asks the friends of Santa Clara, the lovers of lib- eral, thorough education to come to his aid in this mighty work. The Light Eternal In a former issue of the Redwood mention was made of our new college drama, written by Martin V. Merle of the Special Jun- ior class. Since then the play has received the approbation of the Faculty, and earnest preparations for its production have been go- 92 THE REDWOOD ing on. Besides the usual rehearsing much has been done towards the proper scenic effects. New scenes have been painted by Mr. Michael O ' Sullivan, new electrical apparatus have been placed about the stage and other improvements made to secure a rendi- tion in keeping with the literary and dramatic excellence of the play. " The Light Eternal " is a more pretentious play than Mr. Merle ' s former dramatic pieces, ' ' The Prairie Judgment " and " The Cardinal ' s Prisoner. " These last two were but one act plays, but they met with such unqualified success, that the author was in- duced to attempt something more lengthy and more serious. " The Prairie Judgment, " a sweet little Arizona Idyl, when given at the Alcazar theater, San Francisco, won the admiration of all who saw it, and, to say nothing of others, Jack London sent a congratula- tory letter to the author. " The Cardinal ' s Prisoner " was given at the college for the benefit of the athletic fund, and while increas- ing the fund considerably it was received with universal praise. It may not always be safe to argue from past success, but the present writer on several occasions witnessed the rehearsals of " The Light Eternal " and so has other reasons for predicting with confidence a glorious treat for all who come to Santa Clara on the evening of Nov. 23rd. A cast of characters which it would be dif- ficult to improve on, an earnest enthusiasmlon the part of the Sen- ior Dramatic Society which in less talented actors would produce great results, an entire new set of scenery made for the play, and adapted for the great tableau effects that close some of the scenes, — all these qualities will, we feel certain, add to the inner excel- lence of a drama builded upon heroic sacrifice and Christian fidel- ity, ' set in glowing, pithy sentences that thrill and move and in- struct all at once. The plot of " The Light Eternal " though suggested by Wise- man ' s Fabiola is, for the most part, original. Indeed it may be said, that, excepting the names of the PersoncB and some few in- cidents, it is entirely the creation of Mr. Merle. Certainly he has added a glow and a movement all his own, a language of his own and some highly dramatic situations that would do credit to an older playwright. The plot is a story of Christian Love and pagan Hate in constant and deadly conflict. Pancratius and Corvinus THE REDWOOD 93 (both names are borrowed from Fabiola " ) are the respective per- sonifications of these two master passions and though the pagan conquers in the end, the real victory falls to Pancratius, who with a martyr ' s death crowns a life of virtue and heroic devotion to all that is high and noble in man. The time of the play, the reign of Diocletian, has made it possible for Mr. Merle to introduce several side studies, among which we might mention the Christian soldier Sebastian and the pagan Emperor Diocletian. The former is a friend of Pancratius, the latter a patron of the wicked Corvinus; the one stands for nobility ol purpose, the other for fickle cruelty. These four may be said to be the principal characters. They have been entrusted to able Thespians; Gerald P. Beaumont will act Pancratius; William McKagney, Corvinus; William JohUvSon, Se- bastian; Aloysius Foley, Diocletian. BisKop Conaty ' s Visit On Tuesday, September 28th, his Lordship, the Right Rev. Bishop Conaty of Los Angeles paid us a visit which we shall long remember. He did not reach the college until late at night and for this reason we were unable to receive him with becoming fes- tivity, but on the following morning after we had enjoyed the privilege of assisting at his mass, we endeavored in an extempore entertainment to give expression to our sentiments of grateful ap- preciation of his Lordship ' s kindness in having honored us with a visit. Our entertainment, we must confess, was a poor attempt, but we realized that the Bishop saw behind our crude outward showing a deep sense of gratitude and filial respect. Little Clair Wilson ' s singing, the musical numbers by Thomas Blow and Thomas Ena, the recitation by Leo Crystal, the floral offering by Francis de S. Ryan and the speech of Gerald Beaumont seemed to please his Lordship, for he opened his own address by telling us that he felt as if he were a boy again, that he felt all the enthusi- asm of boyhood, that he would like to remain a boy forever, be- cause that charming openness and candor of boyhood, that sincer- ity, that spirit and energy in enterprise but too often give way, as one advances in years, to a formality and stiffness and sense of 94 THE REDWOOD importance that render life miserable and intercourse with our fel- low men a continual hyprocritical sham. His Lordship has certainly retained the heart of a boy in many particulars. For nearly an hour he held us spellbound by recounting his college experiences. Educated in a Jesuit boarding college he had gone through a regime much similar to our own and it was delightful to listen to the learned Bishop tell of his ath- letic contests, the penalties he had to endure for transgressions and kindred other happenings of his early life. But it was not to please alone that he addressed the assembled students; he wished to instruct as well and so when our attention was riveted on his remarks he put the lighter vein aside and de- livered an address which will never be forgotten by those present. " Keep your eye on the brow of the hill, " was the epitome of his remarks and everyone present felt, as perhaps he never felt before, that ambition to work and earnestness in work are the most im- portant factors of success in life. The Bishop told us how very many paths were still open for the really earnest man, how neces- sary it was to fortify ourselves with the weapons of intellect and to temper all by a moral sensibility, such as we were receiving at Santa Clara College. Truly is the Rt. Rev. Bishop Conaty an ora- tor, and long will the impressions of that visit remain wnth us. Trip to tKe Big Basin On Saturday afternoon, October i, the entire staff of the Red- wood, accompanied by the Rev. Father Kenna, S. J., left Santa Cl ' :rn on the 4:15 train for Boulder Creed, en route to the Big Basin, or as it is now called, California Park. The party arrived in Bi iillv r Creek at a little after six p. m. and were met at the train by Mr. Middleton and escorted by him in person to the hotel. II. L. Mid Ueton, Esq., is the manager of the Big Basin Lumber Co., of the vSaKta Clara Lumber Co., and of several other corporations. He is in fan the biggest man in Boulder Creek. The staff had expected a kind reception from Mr. Middleton, but they soon found Ihjrt their expectations were far below the reality. He made the wh de party his special guests and treated them in truly royal style, doing everything to make their stay at Boulder and their visit to the Basin agreeable. On Sunday morn- THE REDWOOD 95 ing, after mass at the town church, where by the way the members of the staff rendered some excellent music, the party left in three teams for the Big Basin. It was an exciting and appetizing drive, so that the big spread prepared by Tom Blow, Martin Merle and George Casey, who went in advance was greatly en- joyed by those who arrived later. The whole day was spent among the glorious redwoods, and not a few pictures were taken by Bob Hayne, among others one under the redwood ' Santa Clara. " It was after six in the evening when the party returned to Boulder Creek, where the night was spent. Most of the staff are members of the Glee Club, so the trip was enlivened with music. All were up early on Monday morning and left Boulder on the 7 o ' clock train, arriving at the college a bit tired, but in time for class. It was a glorious outing, one never to be forgotten, and the staff tenders a large vote of thanks to Mr. Middleton for his genial, bi;: -hearted liospitality. Those who went on the trip were: Rev. Father Kenna, S. J., Rev. Mr. Kavanagh, S. J., Martin V. Merle, Gerald P. Beaumont, John W. Byrnes, George A. Casey, Michael R. O ' Reilly, Robert Y. Hayne, Michael C. O ' Toole, Francis Floyd-Jones, Thos. Leonard, Jos. R. Curley, Lincoln D. Woodford, John J. Ivancovich, August Aguirre, John McElroy, Raymond Hicks and Wm. T. Blow. TKe Senate During the past month the Philalethic Senate has enjoyed a series of exciting debates. The question: — ' ' Resolved that the legal employment of foreign labor in this country is detrimental to our institutions, — " was one of the most earnestly discussed, but the only question that brought the Senate to a fever of oratory read; " Re- solved that Alton B. Parker should be our next President. " On this question let us submit an extract from the Senatorial record: " Senator Curley, the proposer of the bill, now rose, ' Mr. Pre- sident and members of the Senate: I naturally feel a little diffi- dence in rising to address you this evening on such a momentous sub- ject and this, for two reasons. F ' irst, to appear be fore such an august assembly does me an honor that embarrasses me, and secondly, be- cause the greatness and superiority of the Democratic presidential 96 THE REDWOOD nominee only too clearly shows my inability properly to present him to you and to set forth the victory-bearing principles of the Democratic platform. ' ' ' Gentlemen, consider what Democrats stand for; first a sin- cere and persistent effort to reform the tariff and especially to abolish or, to the utmost practicable, reduce those duties the plain effect of which is to create monopolies and is not, as pretended, to extend or diversify American industry, but rather to stifle its free- dom. ' " Mr. Curley continued in a beautifully ordered debate and close amid great applause. Senator Ryan, the leader of the oppo- sition, now spoke: ' Mr. President and fellow Senators, I have listened attentively to the fiery oratory of the Senator from San Francisco (Mr. Curley), and I am sure his ardor deserves high commendation. It is not my place to resort to rhetoric in the proof of my position; suffice it to break into fragments the argu- ments of the affirmative speaker. The esteemed Senator claims that the Democratic nominee stands for tariff reform. Well, gen- tlemen, as for myself I deem it impossible to reform the tariff be- cause that which is perfect cannot be changed to anything better. That the tariff is perfect I call to witness the wonderful era of prosperity we have enjoyed under the present system. As to Mr. Parker ' s reforming the tariff, I refer you to his speech at Esopus wherein he declares that any attempt to reform the tariff would be impracticable for a number of years to come. ' " Thus Senator Ryan continued in an impressive speech to tear apart the contention of the affirmative. As speaker after speaker followed, one ' s Republican or Democratic convictions suffered se- vere shocks owing to the brilliant array of arguments on either side. Other notable events in the Senate have been the admission of Representatives Carter and Budde to our ranks. House of PHilKistorians Since our last report the House has seen quite a few changes. On account of the play rehearsals, both branches of the Congress have been forced to assemble on the same night and so we have THE REDWOOD 97 lost our esteemed Cliairnian, Father Lydon, S. J. To fill the va- cancy Mr. Joseph Stack, S- J. was chosen and upon his reception into the House he was tendered a most hearty welcome. In a brief but eifective response he stated the policy he intended to adopt as speaker and from the outset it was evident that the floor was with him in spirit and good will. At the last meeting Messrs. P. O ' Brien, P.N. Tullock, Wm. Fitzgerald, L. Feeney and J. Bach were admitted to full member- ship. Each responded to a call for " speech. " Mr. O ' Brien ' s origi- nal song and initiation remarks brought forth a spontaneous burst of enthusiasm. Charles Byrnes was chosen to fill the office of Corresponding Secretary, made vacant by the resignation of Fred Sigwart. As was stated in his letter of resignation, it was with sorrow of heart that Secretary Sigwart withdrew bat his connection with several other college organizations necessitated such action on his part. His many oratorical triumphs as a member of this body will not soon be forgotten. WiUiam Maher was chosen to succed Mr. Carter as Librarian on the latter ' s election to the Senate. Mr. Magee is his assistant. George Casey was elected to fill Mr. Budde ' s office as a member on the Committe of Resolutions, Mr. Budde also having been raised to the dignity of a senator. At the suggestion of a committee from the Senate, the House voted to adopt the old custom of debating upon bills submitted by the President of the Literary Congress. Hereafter the bill will be first debated by the House and then, whether passed or vetoed, sent to the Senate tor its decision and finally passed to the Presi- dent of the Literary Congress for his signature. The right remains with the Congress to oppose the decision of the President, thereby setting forth its action as the opinion of the Congress. Should the Congress concur with the President, the bill is set forth as the opinion of Santa Clara College. This method of procedure will, no doubt, instill more than usual spirit into the work of the Literary Congress. " Resolved, That the nations should combine to put an effect- ual stop to all war, " is the question now being debated in the House. 98 THE REDWOOD TKe Senior Reading Room Joy has entered into the hearts of the knights of the green tables, and deep-felt satisfaction expresses itself upon the faces of the retiring bookworms. The reason for this is simple. On Octo- ber 15th the Senior Reading Room and Billiard Hall were reopened for the present session with the following ofScers: President, P. J. Foote, S. J., Vice-President, L- D. Woodford; Censors, T. Leon- ard, John McElroy, Floyd Allen and Robert Shepherd. The zeal and earnestness with which Mr. Woodford has en- tered upon his work show that he is resolved to make the read- ing room a success. TKe Senior Dramatic Cl ib In the last number of the Re dwood the name of Michael O ' Reilly was unintentionally omitted from the staff of the Senior Dramatic Club. Mr. O ' Reilly is the energetic and painstaking business manager of the club and the office, as has been shown by his past executive ability, could hardly have been placed in better hands. At the Victory On Thursday afternoon, October 20th, the student body en- joyed the privilege of seeing the Ben Greet production of the morality play " Everyman " at the Victory theater, San Jose. All found great pleasure in the performance and derived a profitable lesson from a play so extremely Catholic. On Thursday evening, the members of the Higher English class together with students of the Sophomore year went to see the same star company in an Elizabethan rendition of Shakes- peare ' s " Twelfth Night. " Again all were pleased and have, no doubt, gained some precious knowledge of the historical days of the great English bard. THE REDWOOD 99 Ne Kedijvood Office Through the generous munificence of our Rev. Father Pres- ident new editorial apartments have been recently fitted up for the Redwood staff. On the evening of September 22nd, a sumptuous spread was enjoyed in the new office by the journalists and mem- bers of the Senior Class. It was an appropriate " house warming, " during which we listened with pleasure to the speeches of our director D. J. Kavanagh, S. J. and of the President of the Execu- tive Board, Martin V. Merle. All present seemed to be animated by the true journalistic spirit, difference in one ' s personal ability and determination to work hard and earnestly. AULD LANG SYNE The news of Mr. William M. Lent ' s death reaches us just as we are going to the press. We regret very much that time is not at our disposal to get together an obituary notice worthy of such a a prominent Californian. California owes all of its glory to such men as Mr. William M. Lent. He was the last survivor of the famous party of pioneers who came to California on the Oregon and arrived at San Fran- cisco April I, 1849, among them being the late Judge Hager, Major Hammond and others whose names were noted in the early history and development of the new state. Born in New York City he quit school in his teens and went to Florida, where he remained several years. When he returned to New York he became connected with the then well known mercantile house of Schemerhorn, Banker Co., and in that ser- vice he acquired the business experience that was so valuable to him in his successful mining enterprises on the Pacific Coast. He was 31 when he arrived in San Francisco, and he formed with Alexander B. Grogan the commission firm of Grogan Lent at Montgomery and Washington streets. Later the title became Lent, Newell Co. and then Lent, Sherwood Co. From this time up to ten or fifteen years ago Mr. Lent was one of the best known mining operators in the West. He was known in all loo THK REDWOOD the states of the Pacific slope and at all the big mines. He was partly instrumental in starting the Holiday Flint line of steam- ers plying on the Mexican Coast, was the first to aid the locators of the Comstock and advanced the money for the development of the Central, Mexican, Savage, Bullion and Yellow Jacket mines. Later on he was a member of the legislature and subsequently was several times discussed as gubernatorial timber, but kept out of politics. Mr. Lent was one of the first Trustees of Santa Clara College. He held this office with great honor to himself and with untold ad- vantage to the college from 1855 o 1857. We extend our sincere sympathy to the bereaved relatives and friends of this worthy pioneer. James Bacigalupi A. B. ' 03, who is now studying law in San Francisco, was chosen to play the title role in Father O ' Conor ' s magnificent drama " Dante. " In looking over the critical notices of the play we find that James did ample justice to this beautifully poetic creation of the learned Jesuit, J. F. X. O ' Conor, S. J. Mr. Ashton Stevens has the following to say of him: " Mr. Bacigalupi acted and would appear to have something of that commanding quality that is commonly called temperament. He is poetic as the poet. He reads poetry as a poet might read it. And not the least of his scenic achievements is his admirable make- up. That profile in death is something to haunt you. " Mr. Stevens did not seem to know that the profile and admir- able make-up were both natural. James Bacigalupi has one of those rare countenances that we call classical. As some one re- marked, he looks like Dante, even off the stage. Joseph Farry, A. B. ' 07, was also a prominent figure in the Dante play. He impersonated Rosse Delia Torso, a very diflficult part and one not as well suited to Mr. Farry ' s talent as Dathian of the Passion Play; but he showed a diversity of talent in reading his part to perfection. Thk Late W. M. Lent, Former Trustee of Santi Clara College THE REDWOOD loi Leo Jones and Fred Churchill, two old Santa Clara boys, were also in the cast. Both had a double role. Leo was Ugolino in the Inferno, and Cavalcanti in the plot. Mr. Churchill impersonated Virgil to perfection, and as Guido de Polenta he was placed next in order of excellence to Mr. Bacigalupi. David M. Burnett, a former Santa Clara student, has been nominated in the Democratic Convention for the office of Superior Judge. Mr. Burnett is the grandson of California ' s first Governor and is a very prominent attorney in San Jose; he is well known and respected for his general honesty and ability and though it is not the policy of this paper to enter into politics, we would like to see David M. Burnett elected. He is a worthy candidate and capable of filling the chair with honor to himself and to his sup- porter s. I02 THE REDWOOD IN THE LIBRARY WITMIK AND WITHOUT THE CHUKCH RKV. J. I.AXENAIRK. — B. HKRDKR, ST. I.OUIS, $.30. This little pamphlet adapted from the French by Rev. J. M. Leleu of New York is a collection of some very important consid- erations and arguments for those within and for those without the church, as well as for such as think themselves within when thej are not. The author begins with the fundamental query, — " What is the Church? " and after answering it in clear and uniquivocal terms, he discusses the much talked of axiom: " Outside the Church there is no salvation. " Some chapters are then given to to the topic of salvation in general, and to the means necessary for salvation. The excellent little book closes with a discussion of the number of the elect. Fear and confidence, — fear on account of our own depravity and confidence by reason of the goodness of God, — are the essential dispositions of the mind recommended by the author. THE R.OSAKY,— SCENES AND TIlOUOriTS BY F. P. GARKSCHE, S.J,, BKNSIGKR BROS., N. Y., $.40. The object of this little manual is not to furnish but to stimu- late thoughts. Every Catholic understands the meaning of the Rosary, but not everyone adopts the devotion, and of those who do not all take to it with that fervor and attention which it deserves. To both classes is Father Garesche ' s little book addressed. He en- deavors to show that the Rosary is one of the most Catholic of all de- votions, that it is a compendium of the entire mystery of the Re- demption, not a devotion to Mary alone, but to Mary the Mother of the Redeemer, that it is a method of contemplating, in union with the holy Virgin, all the scenes in the mighty Drama of the Life and Death of our Savior. To arouse our fervor and attention he calls THE REDWOOD 103 the various mysteries scenes, and with a vividness really poetical, he places these scenes, with the persons, the actions and the words, before our minds in such wise that after having read this little book we cannot but recite the Rosary attentively. The book is a handy and neatly prepared little volume which should be widely distributed; it will be operative of great good. MORAL BK.JEFS BY REV. JOHN H. STAPI KTON. BENZIGKR BROS. N. Y. $1.50 Just the kind of book needed for the masses; a straightfor- ward, concise and popular exposition of Catholic beliefs; an ency- clopedia for easy and ready reference on controverted and contro- vertible points of the Faith ; in style smooth and elegant and always to the point. There are not many truths developed that are not contained in the small catechism, but they are developed and, as far as we can judge from a hasty review, well developed. The book is a valuable addition to Catholic literature, THE WAY THAT LED BEYOHD BY J. HARRISON, BENZIGKR BROS., N. Y., $1.25 Fascinating from the opening chapter, tolerably well written, neat in appearance and instructive throughout, — this new work from the pen of J. Harrison, author of " Kind Hearts and Coro- nets, " will, we doubt not, be well received by lovers of Catholic fiction. We need bushels of Catholic fiction to do away with, as far as is possible, and to counteract the evil tendencies of anti-Catholic novels. The gifted author of ' ' The Way That I ed Beyond " is doing his share in this diretcion and he ought to be encouraged. EXCHANGES And still they linger, those pamphlets of college wisdom that we love; but some are here before us and we turn to them with extreme pleasure: 104 THE REDWOOD THE BBUNOKIAN The October Brunonian, with its new cover and evidently with a new staff, is an excellent beginning. The poems are uni- que in their way, but — we were tempted to remark, — they don ' t weigh much. That however would be too severe for the first month, and we take it back, with this slight limitation that though " Higher Mathematics " is peculiarly beautiful and " If I ove Were Blind " really excellent, we would like to see in the poetry of such a high standing journal something more expressive of the general spirit that reigns in the place, for surely if too much of the spirit of " Higher Mathematics " were to get the upper hand, w e would have very little literature from Brown. Still this is all in jest; we consider the Brunonian the neatest, the most literary, the most college-like journal that has come to our desk this year. THE DIAL The unfortunate exchange editor of the Dial begins the year under very unfavorable circumstances. " A kind of literary dyspepsia, the dominant symptom being mental depression " had seized upon him and still he perpetrated six large columns of printed stuff. But the sickness was not contagious; the other members of the staff manifested a soundness of intellect that bids fair for the coming year, and indeed the ex-man was not as dyspep- tic as he pretended; he showed that he knew a thing or two about literary matters and that he was not afraid to speak his senti- ments. THE SPRING HILL REVIEW This paper seems to be a semi-occasional affair; but when it appears, it is generally worth one ' s while to spend a few hours over its contents. In the latest arrival we find a variety of good things from mathematics to Latin poetry. The poem entitled " A Close Shave " is the only defect we could find. This poem is a paraphrase or, whatever it might be called, of that famous piece of elocution " The Suicide " found in every " loo best selections " in print. The author should have apologized. But still when a col- lege journal contains over a hundred pages of reading matter we should pass over an inadvertent slip. JbA p Myy Photos bv Biishnell Officers of the Footbai.l Team THE REDWOOD 105 ATHLETICS We have had our ups and downs, our joys and our regrets, during the first half of the football season, which is now over, but the debit side of the log book shows a clean page, and we are in consequence jubilant. From the opening daj of practice when our squad, not so large, we must confess, as it might or should have been, trotted out upon the whitewashed gridiron, we have watched with eager in- terest, the dull clouds of a mediocre outlook gradually dispelled by the sunshine of good management, skillful coaching, hard team work and — yes, praiseworthy student co-operation. We have seen our old rivals at Stanford go down before us and the Berkeley " Freshies " held to a o— o score, and with undisguised pride, we have witnessed Uncle Sam ' s soldier boys swept off their feet by the fast playing of our lighter team. The race for monograms has assumed, at this stage of the season, a most interesting aspect. According to the expressed policy of Coach Sheehy, to which we heartily subscribe, the ex- clusive members of the ' 04 team will remain in doubt until the closing rally of the season. Until then it will be a free-for-all struggle and every man on the squad with a ghost of a show will be given his chance. It is a wise plan and has been productive of many pretty struggles, some of which are not yet over. As far as ye worthy scribe can see, the men and their chances look pretty much like this. Beginning at the position of center, Hubbard, Wilson and Jacobs are all of them anxious to snap the ball. Hub- bard, because of his experience and knowledge of the game, seems the most likely of the three. Wilson is " green, " but promises to develop into a splendid player, while Jacobs, last year ' s second team center, though a sure passer and a tricky player lacks the requisite weight. Blow, Murphy and O ' Brien are holding out for guards. The first is one of the best men we have had in a long time and seems reasonably sure of retaining the position he occu- pied last year. Murphy leads O ' Brien for the other guard. At the tackles, Woodford and McKlroy are breaking up things in great style. Hither Aguirre or Warren can play the same io6 THE REDWOOD position if necessary, though the first belongs properly at end and the latter is better fitted for a half. Captain Ivancovich, Aguirre, Fitzgerald and Garnett form a strong quartet of ends. The first two are veterans at the game, the others are first year men who have both made very creditable shownngs in recent games. Magee and Ryan are serving out the signals from the quarter-back position. Ryan plays a good steady game, but he will have to give way to Magee, whose punting and back-field work have given him practically a state reputation. Kna and Donlon have filled the full-back ' s shoes in an equal number of games. Neither has the requisite weight for a star line smasher, but both of them make good use of every ounce they have. Ena is the more aggressive, Donlon better on the defense. Feeney, last year ' s captain, who is proving the most consistent ground- gainer on the team, is sure of his place as half. The other half- back position lies between " Steamboat " Sclimitz, Tullock and Brazell, with the Dutchman well in the lead. These are the in- dividual members of the ' 04 squad that is boosting the Red and White up the flagpole of victory, and such a team deserves the the hearty support, financiallj and otherwise of the entire Student Body. A word or two to those whom nature has not fitted for active participation in the sport. The spirit this year has been the best manifested in a long time. The cheering also has been the best heard in several years, but both could and should be better. The work of the rooters at the Stanford game this year, in which com- paratively a handful of loyal Santa Clarans out-cheered the sup- porters of the cardinal, is proof of what can be done, if we get in and try. Santa Clara O, BerKeley ' FresKman O The referee ' s whistle sounded at 3:30 p. m. on the California gridiron. Amidst the hum of the rooters, Riley for the Freshmen sent the pigskin whirling for thirty yards. Woodford carried it back five. Feeney was sent over tackle for three yards, but on a repetition of the same play, Kerr broke through and nailed him for a loss. The Freshmen in the person of Twitchell hurdled the Santa THK RKDWOOD 107 Clara line for two j ards. On an end run that followed Woodford duplicated the performance of Kerr, by throwing Snowden for a loss of five yards. An even exchange of punts followed and then the Blue and Gold bucked and hurdled its way to Santa Clara ' s fif- teen-yard line. There they were held and Magee punted to the center of the field. Golcher who caught the pigskin, decHned the acquaintance of Ivancovich and came up the left side line, shaking himself clear of a swarm of opponents, Magee nailed him on the three-yard line. With only that distance to make, the Freshmen made three desperate onslaughts against the Santa Clara line only to be hurled back on the last attempt for a loss and a fumble. Captain Johnny-on-the-spot secured the ball for Santa Clara and Magee booted it for thirty five yards. The first half ended with the ball in Santa Clara ' s territory, score " 0-0. In the second half Ena was forced out of the game with an injured shoulder nnd A uirre v as moved over from end, Fitzger- ald taking his place and Wilson replacing Murphy at guard. The Freshmen ' s line-up remained the same. Outside of a ten-yard end run by Feeney on a trick play and some sensational runuing-in of punts b} ' ' the California backs, the playing of both teams was about even and developed early into a punting duel which occupied the last ten minutes of play and left the ball in the center of the field. Score, 00. Such in brief was the Santa Clara-Berkeley Freshman game, as it must have appeared to a disinterested spectator. To us it was different. We journeyed to Berkeley with the hope of proving victorious and had we plaj ed with the same spirit and vim that marked our encounter with the Stanford eleven we might have won. Donlon ' s absence did not lose us the victory nor the fact that several of our line-men were slightly crippled. A confusing- change in signals had probably something to do with it, but the real cause was apparent; the team was a trifle stale and decided- ly not in an agressive mood. We were saved from a defeat only by the work of Magee and the vestige of desperate courage that flashed through the line when they defended their goal from the one-yard mark. A local paper has this to say of Magee. ' ' Santa Clara ' s diminutive quarter-back gave an exhibition of sheer American grit, that set even the Berkeley rooters in a roar. io8 THE REDWOOD ' Magee-— you ' re great! ' they shouted. Five times a freshman back passed ten red and white jerseys only to be downed in his tracks by Santa Clara ' s smallest player. With a fractured rib sus- tained in the middle of the second half he remained in the game and actually outpunted Riley in the pigskin duel that closed the struggle. " The line up; Santa Ci.ara Position Freshmen Ivancovich (captain) I.. E. R Herriott McElroy Iv. T. R. Richardson Murphy- Wilson L. G. R. Foster Hubbard Center Hall— Allen Aguirre — Fitzgerald R. E. L. Jordan Woodford R. T. L. Riley Blow R. G. L. Kerr Schmitz R. H. I.. Golcher Feeney I.. H. R. Snowden En a — Aguirre Full Twitchell Magee Quarter Kendall Second Team 6, Palo Alto Acadesny O After a somewhat disheartening failure to secure games, seemingly because of the enviable record which his men possess, Manager Courter at length arranged a game with the Palo Alto Academy players October 15, on the home field. All things con- sidered the second team men made a remarkable showing. The game was not called until 4:30 in order to allow of the completion of a local high school contest. Captain Jacobs and his men re- ceived the opening kick-off and getting the jump on their oppo- nents, practically rushed them off their feet, scoring a touchdown in the first eight minutes of play. From an angle which admitted only four feet of blue sky between the poles, Ena added the prob- lematical point making the score 6 o. The first half ended with the pigskin in P. A. A. territory. The visitors braced themselves in the second portion of the game and held their own fairly well. The second team men weakened a little toward the end and were only able to get within striking distance once, when the attempt at a field goal failed. Brazell, the fleet-footed 140 lad, who is coming s; ' -5 5 S iii 3 THE REDWOOD log into notice as a promising half-back, hugged his interference for some of the prettiest end runs that have been seen on the field this season. R an showed excellent judgment in handling the team and directing plays. Warren and Ena also gained consistently on line bucks. For the Academy men, Franklin at full-back prac- tically played the whole game although by securing a fumbled ball on a clear field and then fumbling the fumble without appar- ent reason other than sheer surprise, he obtained and threw away the only chance his team had of scoring. The line up: icond Team Position P. A. A. Garnett E. E. R. Young and Mills Warren E. T. R. Monger—Bates Murphy E. G, R. Martin Jacobs (captain) C. Miller O ' Brien R. G. E. Husky Hubbard R. T. E. Gardner Kell — Beaumont R. E. E. Newman Carter E. H. R. McEaughlin Brazell R. H. E. Aywalt (captain) Ena Full Franklin Ryan Quarter Huntington Junior Team lO, Santa Cru HigK O On October 8, eleven little fellows in red and white jer- seys, captained by George Fisher and representing Santa Clara ' s Junior team, opened their season by scoring a lo — o victory over the Santa Cruz High School players. The game took place on the college field and resulted in a good little struggle full of dash and spectacular playing. A field goal from the 25-yard line was reg- istered by Hallinan in the first five minutes of play. In the second half Fisher on a five-yard buck over tackle, was sent through for a touchdown, Hallinan kicked goal, score 6 — o. The visitors tried hard but succumbed to the superior team work of the Juniors. The work of Beasley at center and Euke Feeney at half for the home team and that of Dake and Meade for S. C. H. men were the features. The line-up: Juniors Position • Santa Cruz McKay E. K. R. Hazzard R. Fitzgerald-W. Maher E. T. R. Smith no THE REDWOOD Cornell L. G. R. Reed Beasley C. Haines Ivers R. G. L • Wilson Whalen R. T. L. Weber Tray n bam R. E. L. Doke Fisher (Captain) L. H. R. Taylor L. Feeney R. H. L. Elliot Klemmer Full Mosher (captain) Hallinan Quarter Meade TKe Winter Ball Team A baseball team known as the " Redwoods, " captained by F. Durfee and managed by John Byrnes, has, during the past month, secured a total of eleven victories out of twelve games. Their one defeat was sustained recently at Monterey where the regimental team scored an 8 — 2 victory. As the " Redwoods " are credited with a previous victory over the same team, honors are yet unde- cided. The line up of the " Redwoods " is: Pitchers, Kilburn and Freene; Catchers, Collins and Martinelli; First Base, Sigwart; Second Base, T. Feeney; Third Base, Russell; Shortstop, C. Byrnes; Left Field, V. Durfee; Center Field, W. Maher and Right Field, Callahan. Tennis The racquet wielders proclaim splendid prospects for a good season. The club membership has reached the limit and now numbers the following players: F. Sigwart, V. Durfee, T. Blow, Martin Carter, T. Leonard, R. Hayne, " Benny " Baird, Ralph Har- rison, M. O ' Reilly, John Minehan, F. Lejeal, M. Gragg, W. Crow- ley and J. Baum. At the reorganization meeting held some time ago the follow- ing were honored with offices: President, Mr. Joseph R, Stack, S. J.; Vice-President, F. Sigwart; Secretary, V. Durfee; Treas- urer, T. Blow; Censor, Martin Carter. The court is in splendid condition, so are the players and negotiations are under w ay for match sets with teams from neigh- boring institutions. THE REDWOOD iir FIRST HONORS FOR OCTOBER, 1904 BRAKCHES SENIOR JUNIOK Philosophy of Religion T. Leonard H. Budde Ethics T. Leonard Mental Philosoph} H. Budde Natural Philosophy , . J. Riordan A. Pierce Chemistry A. Quevedo A. Pierce , Mathematics C. Russell H. de la Guardia . Political Economy J. McElroy F. de S. Ryan . . . Higher English J. Curley J. Byrnes Advanced History T. Riordan H. Budde Oratory J. McElroy M. V. Merle SOPiiOiVIOKE FRESHMAN Religion G. Fisher, E. McFadden R. de la Guardia English Precepts C. Byrnes H. de la Guardia English Literature and Author E. McFadden H. de la Guardia English Composition . . ' . M. O ' Toole T. Donlon History and Geography C. Byrnes T. Donlon Elocution C. Brown, M. Lewis J. Brazell Latin G. Fisher, H. de la Guardia . . . R. de la Guardia Greek H. de la Guardia, E. McFaddenR. de la Guardia Mathematics T. Donlon J. Hilario Isf ACADEMIC 2nd ACADEMIC Religion J. Zavalza A. Dolcini English Precepts M. Shafer A. Bunsow English Author M. Shafer R. McCabe English Composition M. Shafer R; McCabe History and Geography J. Zavalza R. McCabe Civil Government A. Bunsow , Elocution J. Daly A. Bunsow , Latin J. Zavalza A. Bunsow Greek G. Hall A. Bunsow Mathematics R. O ' Connor A. Ivancovich Elementary Science J. M. Arias, J. B. Arias H. Callaway 112 THE REDWOOD Srd ACADEMIC 4th ACADEMIC Religion J . B. Arias G. Mayerle . . . English Precepts C. Dransfeld W. Sweeney . . English Author J. B. Arias , . . W. Sweeney . . English Composition P. Hayes A. lunker History and Geograph} R. Madigan W. Sweeney . . Elocution J. M. Arias . . . ' . A. Prindiville . Orthography A. lunker . . . . Latin J. M. Arias A. Oyarzo Greek B. Budde Mathematics T. Lannon A. Obarrio 1st PRE- ACADEMIC 2nd PRE- ACADEMIC Religion A. Arias E. Ladner English Precepts J. Sassenrath E. Ladner English Author J. vSassenrath . English Composition Aloysius Diepenbrock E. I adner , History and Geography A. Arias J, A. Ivancovich Elocution A. Arias J. A, Ivancovich Orthography J. Sassenrath J. A. Ivancovich COMMESCIAL CLASSES 1st BOOiC-KEEPIKG 2nd BOOK-KEEPIKG 3rd BOOK-KEEPmO E. Hyland L. Feeney J. Collins SPECIAL CLASSES 1st SPECIAL 2nd SPECIAL 3rd SPECIAL lyatin F. Hecker F. Heffernan T. Donlon, Greek G. Casey J. Seaton T. Donlon 1st Special English Composition L. Raul de la Guardia 2d " J.Bach 3d " " " J. Raffetto 4th ♦ " P. Rourke 5th " " C. Olivares THE REDWOOD I .. ri Willi v I ilSir i ASB —How mmyjare ' Jso foitunate as to ' ;,hive (perfect ' eye) ease ' " ery, few,! judging from the scowling brows and weak, intlamed eyes one sees daily and hourly. Yet this ease, which may be unknown to you, can be obtained by having the exact amount of glass help properly adjusted. Our examinations are thorough. We fit glasses to all defects of vision and guarantee such " eye ease " as you have never before known. OSGOOD BAI IV, Opticians. Lens ground on the premises. 156 South First St., San Jose. C. H. PHIIvPOT Co., Props. n. J. KAPIvAN, Manager OLYMPIC.. ARMS CO. i 4 Sporting Goods of Every Description - — The Right Goods at the Right Prices Give Us a Trial 801 Market Street, Cor. Fourth SAN FRANCISCO J. K. DAVIS BI ACKSMITHING and CARRIAGE WORK HORS3SSHOBING A SF15CIAI,Ty Below Postoffice Sauta Clara, Cal. J. J. Devink B. J. DOUGHERTY tb Bwlm ' Bouqh rt Grocery Co, fesb €ggs and Buffet a SpeeiaJf ..«..«..«»•..•..•. Satisfaction guaranteed and patronage solicited I owest prices 52 Post Street, San Jose Phone Blue 201 THE REDWOOD — POI ITICAI, ANNOUNCEMENTS— | nsBOiBs vmsismaKiBEawn Superior Judge Long Term J. R. WELCH I Republican Nominee t Election: November 8, 1904 I For Congress 5tli Congressional District E. A. HAYES t Regular Republican Nominee Election: Tuesday, November 8, 1904 I I For Supervisor Fifth District FA " R P VT T Regular Democratic Nominee Election, Tuesday, November 8, 1904 I 3ol)ii$oti $ 0reeii Eos 0atost €al« s I Leading Bmqqists % t A Full Ivine of f ; Drugs, Patent Utedielties, Statiotiery | X Gastmati Hodalts and Fboto Sut plies I THE REDWOOD I POWTICAI. ANNOUNCEMENTS For Superior Judge Unexpired Term MVID M. BURITETT t Democi ' atic Nominee t Election: Tuesday November 8, 1904. For Judge of fne Superior Court Full Term IJICHOLAS BOWDEU Election: Tuesday, November 8, 1904. For Senator I I 27tli District | i ELI WEIGHT t I Election: Tuesday, November 8, 1904 Republican Nominee 4. 27th District. — Alma, Almaden, Alameda, Burnett, Cottage Grove, Cambell, f Craudalville, East San Jose, Evergreen, Franklin Gilroy Guadalupe, Gardner, High- t land, Hamilton, Los Gatos, Los Animas, Llagas, Morgan Hill, Mt. Hamilton, More- land, Oak Grove, Pioneer, Rucker, Robertsville, San Vsidro, San Felipe, Solis, Santa ♦ Clara, Third Ward — San Jose, Union Uvas, Vineland, Wrights and Willow Glen. T : : ■ ♦ For Supervisor | t Second District t WM. T. AGGELEU Re. ular Democratic Nominee. ♦ Election: November 8, 1904 ♦ f THE REDWOOD I Yoiiiig Men ' s Furnishings s And the New Fall Styles in Jlukimar, Boskr and 0looes | I ¥©11113 melius Suits astd pats « J Now on Exhibition at O ' Brien ' s f Santa Clara, €a3 i Safe Deposit Vaults « « ' O0f? g i0 ' » G® | 5 OF THE. I S n Jose Safe Deposit Bank VS J ' g Sjg ' Vog s fjic sf?c t i The Fire and Burgular Proof Steel Vaults, Guarded by Time- Locks, and Watched Night and Day, afford Hbsolufe Safety « Private rooms provided for the use of customers. Separate rooms for ladies Steel Safes of Large and small sizes to rent at moderate rates. THE RFDWOOD •« _ « i i n Business Crainind Headquarters for Bananas Phone Main 76 71-77 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. ft If you want a business education, attend a school S whose teachers are experts in their particular line of » work. The most practical and up-to-date methods % S of teaching are Gregg Shorthand and Ellis Book- « keeping. Call and talk the matter over with us. » I Sat! 3o$e Business College | H Second and San Fes nando Sts t San Jose £ The School that gets Results W. BOUCHER, Prin. « . — --»— ».«— — % ) Established 1881 Telephone Main 34 I RALEY COMPANY GBNBRAI, COMMISSION MBUCHANTS » _ VICTORY THEATRE I J « 84-90 N. Market Street, San Jose, Cal. 5 . " ) — — i SAN dOSE i ti SELBY OPPENHEIMER, Lessee and Manager 1 ATTRACTIONS FOR NOVEMBER J •i November 3d " San Toy ' " ${ November 8th " Glittering Gloria ' •05 November loth " Friend of The Family ' ' Noyember 13th and 14th " Pretty Peggy " )(« November 16th and 17th " Candida " |K November 19 — " Runaways " ' November 24th " County Chairman " ( November «6 •♦Tlie I ight " EitetnaV ' 0( November 28th " As You I,ike It " ! •8 November 29th " For Her Sake " ' November 30th " Chinese Honeymoon " jt f . — __«-. » JL If Xo Get a Cxood Peit Kiiife ?{ GET A:N EI ECTR-IC Guaranteed to be as it ought to be. If it should not prove to be that % we will be glad to exchange with you until you have one that is. £ manicur:e tooi s, razors H Guaranteed the same way. If you wish to shave easily, and in a hurry, get a Gsm Safety Ra;?or. ♦ S The greatest convenience for the man who shaves himself. 2 I TME JOHN STOCK SONS, i( Tinners, ISLoofers and Plumbers i E A If going East secure choice of Routes, of limited trains and THE REDWOOD r jl tourist excursions by calling on nearest agent I B SoutKern Pacific PAUL SHOUP, D. F. P. A., San Jose EC. O. Mccormick, Passenger Traffic Manager, San Francisco T. H. GOODMAN, General Passenger Agent, San Francisco. iJ 7; ?=7 -== =:= ==y ==y ==y =:y =i ==V =r: == THE RFDWOOD fr! RSOURISSEAU " I I riTTiry - ' ff-irf " TTir rr " - " ' - - " " WmufMtmmg Jewekr and Hepmring Badges a d lass pins M Specialty 6g% South First Street, ban Jose, Cal. Highest Price Paid for Old Gold and Silver. Phone Blue 203 Our Free Delivery is at your Service Phone John 341 1 and We ' ll Come i BINGHAM BANTA COI UMBIA BICYCI B AQBNCY j|l Cyclers to the People 174 South Second Street, San Jose. Studmts Ckfh ' mql i It ' s of a different style from regular lines and with us a specialty, j] That ' s why we have such a big trade amongst the students. Come and see. Carmichael, Ballads Co., Outfitters tor all Mankind 55-61 South First Street SAN JOSiE j] Established 1875 Phone West 462 I GEO. W. RYDER SON S j:BW:ei,]eRS AND SIIyVBRSMITHS The most extensive and complete stock of NEW Fine Goods. 8 South First Street, Safe Deposit Building, San Jose, Cal. I. R UTH GROCERIES AND DELICACIES Zidars and Cdbacco Franklin Street, - - Santa Clara Cal. BATHS I AUNDRY OFFICE I THE OAK SHAVING PARLORS J. D. EI I IS, Proprietor [[ Barber to tl e College 1125 FrankUn street, next to O ' Brien ' s, Santa Calra THE REDWOOD I CHAS. A. BOTHWELL | •5 WATCHES AND JBWBI.RY :DJ : Repairing at Right Prices - J Old Gold Taken in Exchange 112 South First Street, San Jsoe J| 5 S. D. ZARO. J. A. PETRINOVICH .•) I O eriatid Restauratit I i Telephone John 821. 29 North First Street, San Jose, Cal. ' £ I WILSON ALLEN | I Dealers in HARNESS and BICYCLES f Harness Repairing — — - -.-v — . — .,. -. . . - .. . Bicycle Repairing p) .z SANTA CRU AVENU:i , I,OS GATOS, CAI,. | — • _ - C TM A " PTJ-PIDTM? Wholesale and Retail Meats : : VV • !%,• im JT JL IH IS. Bonemeal for Chickens Ground to Order J) 4 Best Equipped Market on Earth ' I UNION MARKET | I 1.0s GATOS, CAI. " " ' I I I I Announcement I I e e THE NACE PRINTING COMPANY J J J ' I i i 5! W ESIRES to announce that they have just added a MIEHLE CYLINDER PRESS % £ 8 8 their already well equipped establishment in Santa Clara. The " Miehle " 9, m stands at the head of its class and the world over is recognized as the acme of T i perfection. -l if We have also lately doubled our working space, which now covers an area of 2300 - 9 square feet. X i " -l 9 You are respectfully requested to call and inspect our new quarters and up-to-date 5 : machinery. (t " : Estimates furnished on all classes of work, large or small. When you need |rc L printing you need a PRINTER — we are " it. " Respectfully S5 I NACE PRINTING COMPANY f- £ Phone Clay 574 Santa Clara, Cal. i f I I » i t THE REDWOOD ;Pi cP)UrPiUr»iUr9 ' Ur9i Pi 9iUr9iUr ' Pilh ' ' Ur ' i ' ' ' U; ' - ' ' ' -Ur »YRES O iii wSS 723 Market Street, San Francisco. The leading business training school. The only business £ ' college in California that secures positions for graduates and 3J1 keep them in employment. One young man from near Santa | £ Clara is employed in the San Francisco National Bank, another i ' stenographer for the Union Iron Works, and another with Wells, Fargo Express Company, and other of your acquaintances |- Jj in similar positions. Let us do as much for you. We have i{ been established eighteen years. Write for catalogue. I E. R. AYRES, Manager. | j I YOUR EYES s are to valuable to be neglected. At the first sign of trouble you should have them care- fully examined and their needs ascertained. A pair of right glasses, when first needed, may save you much trouble and regret later on. You take no risk when you come to us. The correct fitting of glasses is our exclusive business, and we give an absolute guarantee of entire satisfaction in every case. EXAMINATION FREE Dr. Geo. B. Pratt Dr.B.LKerr OPTICIANS Hours 9 to 5 16 North Second St., San Jose Other hours by appointment Phone Blue 1322. MODERN DENTISTRY Every modern device that can possibly make the best results easier for our patients is liberally supplied in our office equipment, facilities that insure expert dentistry, the kind that save tmie, trouble, pain, teeth and money. Painless dentistry; first-class work; moderate charges. A written guar- antee given. PRICES: Gold Crowns, Porcelain Crowns, Bridge Work, Set of Teeth, $5.00. Gold Fillings, $1.00 up. Silver Fillings, 50c. PAINI ESS EXTRACTION 50c Consultation free. I,ady attendant. Testimonials on file. Teeth ex- tracted free when plates are ordered. STERLING DENTAL CO., 26 South First Street Phone East 302. German spoken. DR. MAX WASSMAN, Manager I f I I I THE RKDWOOD : .-.. .„. ...„ „ n«n i i Ht Soritia ' s I Smart Clothes ? I Good Dresser I 9 We announce the arrival of our new Fall Suits I and Overcoats. Sole H ents for 0 s. m. Heady to mear €lotf)itig Spring ' s d We have paid particular attention to the wants 3 I of the College Student. | San 3ose (Zal. 3 9 I Si eer Hi s c music 00 5 I ? We have the largest and finest stock on the Pacific Coast. When in need of Music, why not order from us? I Wuskal Jnstmments j j } J Everything in the music line, Violins, Guitars, Banjos, Mandolins, A 3 Boston " 3 " Star Cornet, Brass Instruments, Strings, Ktc. 4 i t I Curtaz Piano M 0 s0 M M 0 } Our own manufacture — 50 years on the market. A thoroughly M a well-made reliable piano at a reasonable price. Also sole agents ® for Chickering, Vose, vSterling and other pianos, and Apollo Master Player. $ ■ $ I M I I BEN J. CURTAZ 6c SON I I 16, 18, 20 O ' FARRELL ST., CURTAZ BUILDING, S. F, BRANCHES— San Jose, Fresno, Alameda, Stockton, Palo Alto. THE REDWOOD Q - g) - ; ; Q , Q (g - Q ' 5 Q ' sg 3 Q ' i ® - " ® 3 ® @ 3 5 ' j , Q 3 jj - , Q j Q --s - (5 ■ ' ix ® Have you ever experienced the convenience of a I Ground Floor Gallery? r op Newest Designs in Mounts The Most Elegantl} ' Equipped ® Fotograf Studio in the City. © i Special Rates to Students and Classes a e 41 N. F ' irst St. San Jose aqd ©ar dios lee ©pearq Tl at ©annot be H:?c©Glled — — c $ €) f V Delivered iu Santa Clara and All Parts of San Jose. v THE REDWOOD E. H. GUPPY SON BOOKS, FOUNTAfl PEr S FINE WRITIMG PAPERS Telephone Red 322 31 to 35 Kast San Fernando St., San Jose J. G. ROBINSON PHARMACIST Pierce Block Santa Clara, Cal. ' COMPANY " c We design and engrave Ads, Book- lets, Catalogue Illustrations, I etter Heads, Cards Labels, Posters, etc. and we do it right. Ask for sug- gestions and prices. Sierra Photo Eograviag Company, Inc. 334 Grant Avenue, San Francisco Phone Main 398 A. Zellerbach Sons— — Tmt»ort$i s and O alers i Paper, Twiees and Cordage Telephone, Private Exchange 14 j i 416-426 Sansome Street, San Francisco THE REDWOOD ) Painless i xtraction Charges Reasonable [ i SIR, M. ©. F. MENTON i Telephone Grant 373 Office Hours— 9 a. ni. to 5 p. m. Rooms 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Bank Building, over Postoffice Most Modern Appliances Santa Clara, Cal, goMstein $ £o« Tneorperatcd Costumers, Decorators and Theatrical Supplies i LOUIS ONEAL and O. D. RICHARDSON | ATTORNEYS AT LAW i PJaone Main 94 Rooms 16-20 Auzerais Building, San Jose 733 Market Street, opposite Grant Avenue, San Francisco Telephone Main 1615 Cl e Cargest a d lHost eom fiete Costume Official Costumers for all Theatres in San Francisco and on the Coast, also -jj Furnishers for Santa Clara Passion Play, Bohemian Club Open Air Festivals and for all Carnivals on the Pacific Coast. F. SCHII WNG SON 37 Post street - - San Jose, Cal. Telephone Black 1031 Your success depends on having Fresh Smokeless Powders and Fresh loaded Rifle and Shotgun Shells. Latest and the best Plammerless Shotguns and Rifles, Luger and Colts Automatic Pistols. M ' e can tell you where to Hunt, the Guns to Use, Names of Canyons, Springs, Summer Resorts, Etc. finest Quality of Guns, fishing Tackle and Sporting Goods. Our Sporting News is Alwaj ' S Reliable. m THE REDWOOD Cunningham, Curtiss Welch I stationers t Printers j BookseUers ' And Blank Book Manufacturers Telephone Main 858 f 319-321-323 Sansome Street, San Francisco I [ FRANK J. SOMBRS, Manager. WM. H. HANBRIDGE, Engineer I Century Electric Co. I OF SAN JOSE S«te ngents far General €kctrlc tUdtors 1 Mli: ' ; M Calif oraia Eamps 5?o SOUTH MARKET STREET, SAN JOSE PHONB JAM:eS 91 THE REDWOOD I SANTA CLARA Wednesday Evening, November 23, 1904. 41 4 4 4 THE SENIOR DRAMATIC CI UB OF SANTA CI,ARA COI,I,EGB " The Light Eternal " A Tale of the Persecution in Six Scenes by MARTiN V. MERLE I POPULAR PRICES 25, 50, 75 Cents SEATS NOW ON SAI.B AT CHRISTY ' S SAN job: ROBINSON ' S SANTA CI.ARA i THE REDWOOD t ■ - -( -♦-♦-♦ " ♦-♦- -«-4 Sierra 6ia$§ €o. MDRETTI SSMMANN m Telephone South 495 233 Tenth Street, San Francisco, Cal. YACINTH BULBS 4 Easter lyilies, Daffodils, St. Joseph Lilies, Fressias, Narcissus, etc., just received from Holland. For early blooming PLANT NOW. — SWEET PEA SEED For early blooming PLANT NOW. Kentucky Blue Grass Seed New crop just in. If you want a beautiful lawn PLANT NOW. Headquarters for I awn Dressing CHAS. a NAVLET CO. Telephone Main 126 o First and San Fernando Streets t Mft and Beeeratii e ®las$ Of Hll Kinds « i FlyORIBT AND Sl D GROW]eR ; SAN JOSB, CAI, I - -S-4-»H -»H - - -t- 1HEREDW00 THE REDWOOD FOSS HICKS Co. ' ' ' i " i f " ( ' i ' i " i " ii " i i ' f 55 5 53 No. 45 West vSanta Clara Street SAN JOSE. R eaJL_Estate _JLoa n s Investments A select and up-to-date list of just such properties as the Home-Seeker aad Investor wants. INSURANCE — Fi ) i 6? Accident in the best Companies The Fullest Information Regarding All Lines of Business. Osborne Hall « Santa Clara Cal. Cottage System A private Sanatorium for the care and training of children suffering from Nervous Disorder or Arrested Mental Development. Under the personal management of Antrim Edgar Osborne M. D., Ph. D. Formerly and for 15 years Superintendent of the California State Institution for the Feeble Minded, etc. Accomodations in seperate cottages for a few adults cases seeking Rest Cure and treatment for drug addictions. Rates and particulars on application. na y lMf$ Mr r)M v ) X OM | nM%d t ' }M| THE REDWOOD ••••• " e " e " « " 9 " 9 " » " 0 " « " e " « " « " » ' e " e ' « " •••••••e» ' « " «M ..«M«»«..». .•«•»•»»..•..«..«„« AGKNTS- James A. Bannister Company Geo. G. Snow Co. Ho-Ka $3.50 Shoe HOFF KAYSER POPULAR PRICK SHOES 95 South First Street San Jose C. F. Cunningham elSuccessor to J. B. I ampkin 78 South First Street, San Jose. . Men ' s Furnishings Your patronage Respectfully Solicited. City Attorney Los Gatos, Cal. R. F. ROBERTSON ATTORNEY AT LAW Seaside Store, Santa Cruz S. I.EASK Santa Clara and lyOS Gatos CROSBY i.e;ask 276 Church Street N. Y. OFFIC: Telephone James 5446 45-46 Auzerais Block, San Jose, Cal. Crosby Leask Dry Goods and Men ' s We a r R ..•..••.«..•..•»• THE REDWOOD .a„a-9 " Q " 0 " » " a ' ' •»•• .«..«. 9..a " « ' « ' »« « ' » » .•..«..•..•..«. 4. , .«„«..«..•..«..«. Santa Clara. Groceries and Provisions Teas, Coffees, Flour Tinware, Agateware Feed, Potatoes Glassware, I amps, Crockery Fancy Canned Goods Wood and Willowware J. Yi. BI ACK, Proprietor GAI LAGHEM BMOS. Fietiire Fvammg Of Ev€ry Pescri tioti 27 Grant Avenue San Francisco, Cal. H. E. WILCOX D. M. BURNETT ATTORNEYS AT LAW Rooms 19 aud 20, Safe Deposit Building San Jose, Cal. A. J. RHEIN JEWELER 15 West Santa Clara Street San Jose. Cal. C THAT m IS IN U ' R HAT Ajjfesit for tlie Ce2el»ratedl Knox: Hat Telephone Black 393 " if ' F. MUSGRAVE CO. Watchmakers and Matkufacturing Jewelers 2995 Sixteenth Street, San Francisco Class Pins, Medals atid Sodality Pins made to order. Designs Furnished I -••••• ••••» • .«« « »««x THE REDWOOD iHrnsiiyuiiniiHsnnnHnissnEiuH HHfiiuiniHniinsinnniHininniiiuiiiHiiinnHSiinnniiinnnuinnsiinin I T. W. HOBSON CO. | Grand Creditor ' s Sale is attracting immensely. We must raise lots of cash and our prices are doing it. If any male member of your family needs anything in the cloth- ing line now ' s the time. We invite the attention of all mothers to inspect our Boys ' and Children ' s Department. Prices cut in half on all Sailor and Blouse suits. Startling reductions on every garment. Cold weather is coming on. Better lay in a supply of clothing while this wonderful sale is in progress. T. W. HOBSON CO. AT THE BUSY CORNER First and Post Street, San Jose, Cal. i Bicycle Repairing Sporting: Goods I Camot Oermody THE WGHT AND YAI,B BICYCLES Baseball, Tennis, Golf and Football Supplies i Phone s Black 975 69 South Second Street, San Jose | nmiiHiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiir THE REDWOOD miiniinmi!miiiniinmm8inniniMiMmnnmiimiiiiiiimiimnniiin!in!iiiEnisni2!iiiii!n!sn!sin[ii:iiiMii:M = Jacob Eberhard, Pres. and Manager. John J. Eberhard, Vice- Pres. and Ass ' t Manager 2Z Cberbard Canniiid €o. Tanners, Curriers and Wool Pullers Harness-I adigo and Lace Leather. Sole and Upper Leather, Calf, Kip and Sheepskins Kberhard ' s Shirting Leather and Bark Woolskin I Santa Clara, California = Katimd Drug Company Drugs Delivered to any part of the City Free. Telephone, Main 221 Porter Building, San Jose, Cal. Cnsent Shaving Parlors 978 Main Street, opposite Postoffice J. D. TRUAX, Prop. SANTA CLARA, CAL. I If You Want the Best I Ask For 0 m- SILVER BELL PLOUR | I FARMBRS UNION, Distribuitors I i SAN JOSE, CAL. I — Phone 151 East S J. H. SULLIVAN PLUMBING, GAS FITTING AND TINNING S Repairing Promptly Attended to S I atest Double Gear Samson Windmill 70 East Santa Clara Street, San Jose Res,— N. E. Corner St. John and Third Sts. T[Come on College Brand Clothes TfFurnishings, Hats and Leather Goods TJYou know ' If it ' s from Roos it ' s all right ROOS BROS. Kearney at Post San Francisco . - = niiimmniiiBiHmmniimniiimiiimMiinnitinuiininniiuiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiniiniiiniiiiiiiiinihiwniin THE REDWOOD Vollarid A pt StoPQ H0U.S0 Pupqish irigs, F air tir g ar d IPapopir g Opposite Postoffi©e, Sar ta Qlara J MANUEL MELLO Dealer in All Kinds of Boots and Shoes Telephone Clay 544 1084 Franklin Street, Pierce Block, Santa Clara i .F. A. ALDERMAN station: ry, ei ank books, : tc. CIGARS AND TOBACCO All Kinds of Fountain Pens Next to PostoflSce Baseball and Sporting Goods Santa Clara A. FAI.AIMNI --- ' Wholesale and Retail Dealer in all Kinds of Fresh, Salt, Smoked, Pickled and Dried Fisli Fishing Steamers U. S. Grant and Henrietta A. PALADINI ' S MARKET, 520 Merchant Street A. Paladini, Proprietor Branch at Spreckels Market. O ' CONNOR SANITARIUM coNDucTED BY SISTERS OF CHARITY Training School for Nurses In Connection f Race and San Carlos Streets SAN JOSE, CAL f ANBME W P. HILI., We make a SPECIAI.TY of getting our work out PROMPTI Y, and it is all finished here. i Take the elevator at the Dougherty Btiilding. No. 85 South Second Street. @M PhOt S ®pied INSURANCE KATJO SOMAVIA Santa Clara THE REDWOOD I I RKV. FATHER J. M. CASSIN, ST. ROSE ' S CHURCH A Santa Rosa, Cal., June 3, 1904. r Gkorge mayerle— Dear Sir: I received the glasses yesterday. I am much pleased with them, and A think your bill moderate. I inclose the amount, and remain; yours sincerely, J. M. Cassin. t George Mayerle ' s Eye Water A perfectly harmless and effective remedy, makes weak eyes strong, diseased eyes well. Rest tired eyes f Price 50c. By Mail 6i3c. i If your druggist does not keep it order direct from George Mayerle, 1071 Market street, San Francisco a George Mayerle ' s antiseptic eveglass cleaners, 2 for 25c. W 0 A WARNING TO THB PUBI IC || f When wishing to consult George Mayerle, the German Expert Optician, 1071 Market street, regard- ing the condition of the eyes, avoid mistaking the place by looking for the name " GBOS.GK § MAYlERlv: " on the window BISFOR! ] NT:ERING. Phone Jolin 1331 C0FF:EB ROASTIERS J T A IMPORTBRS WM. McCarthy co. { O BAS and SPICES 373 West Santa Clara Street San Jose, Cal. JVLILLARD BROS. i Books, Stationery and Fountain Pens 25-27 West Santa Clara Street San Jose, Cal. Full Dress Suits a Specialty Established 1S89 Jlngeme the tmhr LEADER OF LOW PRICES All the Latest Novelties Direct from Manufacturers Suits to Order - - - - - $13.50 to $35.00 Pants to Order - - - - - 3.50 to 10.00 Jlngwim Vhe Great Whohsah tailor " " T sou?rSpring St. 39 S. Second Street, Sau Jose THE RKDWOOD S 39 49 South mavUti Street, cor Post, San 3o$c t fi I Western Meat Company Telephone Brown 1611 5 3 9 I THE STORE THAT SAVES YOU MONEY t s Cindleum and (Uindow Shades I Carpets Cleaned and Relaid Upholstering !■ 5 " C. F. Swift, President I,eroy Hough, Vice President and Treasurer W. D. Dennett Secretary J Directors— C. F. Swift, I eroy Hough, Henry J. Crocker, W. D. Dennett and Jesse W. T lienthal I CAPITAI. PAID IN $760,000.00 s, »2 I Hides, Pelts Tallow, Fertilizer, Bones, Hoofs, Horn, Etc. 1 Packing House and Stock Yards Distributing Houses South San Francisco, San Mateo Co., Cal. San Francisco, Oakland, San Jose, Sacramento a »5 GENBRAI, OFFICE: Sixth and Townsend St., San Francisco |, Porh Packers and Shippers of Si Dressed Beeft mutton and Pork I Monarch and Golden Gate Brands Canned Meats, Bacon, Hams and Lard S s z I Cable Address STIRFAST, San Francisco Codes A I. A B. C. 4th Edition Jfc I. John Roll, President John D. Keller, Secretary and Manager I Gnkrprm Wanufscturinq Co. | iS Incorporated 1900 t Manufacturers and Dealers in All Kinds of §1 I Castings of Brass and Iron I ± We have a Complete Equipped Machine and Blacksmith Shop Forbes Cultivators, Power Spray Pumps, Orchard and Packers ' Supplies a Specialty ►2 ALL ORDERS GIVEN PROMPT ATTENTION t $ A Telephone Black 1482 327-347 West Santa Clara Street, San Jose, Cal. THE REDWOOD Duck Motor Cycles FOR Bicycles, New or Second Hand Expert Guaranteed Repair Work All Kinds of Sundries and Supplies go to W. F. BRACH:EII, iooo Franklin Street, Santa Clara M. SHIRLE, Dealer in BOOTS AND SHOES III South First Street San Jose, Cal. « ■ •S »2 »2 OBERBEENER ' S PHARMACY Eastman ' s Kodaks and Supplies : Telephone Grant 471 SPECIALTIES b) Celebrated " Renown " Brand Baking Powder Cofifees Green, Roasted and Ground. M A. J. RANKIN Co. Direct Importers of Teas Ruby Red Brand of Corn Strictly Pure California Olive Oil Ttti8 ortcrs and lUboSesalc Pure Beeswax Candles Plain and Ornamental 15 Pine Street, San Francisco Phone Main 1340 Stearic Acid Candles All Sizes Charcoal, Incense Eight Day Sanctuary Oil Wicks, Etc. W ' f 1038 Franklin Street, Santa Clara J ! ■ ROLL BROS. I Real Estate and Insurance » Phone North 60 Santa Clara, Calif «, THE REDWOOD W1neeler ' 3 Restaurant G. H. WHISEI BR, Caterer Tamales and Oysters Corner Third and Santa Clara vStreets San Jose, Cal. I Pacific illaiiiifactiirriig £oiii| afiiy Dealers Tn MouUmqs, B©©rs and miiidoi s General mill Work Tel. North 401. SANTA CLARA, CAL. Office Hours— 9 a. m. to 12 m. and i to 5 p. m. Phone White 961 DR. T. M. CARMICHAEL DKNTIST St. Luis Building 115 vSouth First Street, San Jose, Cal. S PO RTI N G GOODS Football Supplies Athletic Suits and Uniforms 538 MARKET •I Factory— 24 wSecond St. % San Francisco §j Kacssac c ocs: THE REDWOOD ' -3C %C ?CC ? 3( ?0( ? 3C %C?OC %C ? )C ?OC 7 3cSb ARE YOU G08NG TO PLAY % Lm Lsa a We Have Just What You Need, JERSEYS AND SWEATERS Quality — the Best. Prices — the JUowest. YOU SELECT THE COLORS-WE DO THE REST jwr!rtffirira ' T i ' mMm. ' i!ww» Tv ,TaMWTy-it ' a OUR BflLJyS ARE THE LARGEST IN THE WEST ' lyCUit l i 20 POST STREET Jjl [ yi ( SAN FRANCISCO, CAI. ( ( .( . ( - 4 4 = All the IVatest Styles in HATS OVERCOATS SUIT CASKS CI UB BAGS :! TC. Exclusive Patterns in BUSINESS SUITINGS TUXEDOS FUI I, DRESS . ETC. S aim. B. I obson 29 WEST SANTA CI,ARA ST., SAN JOSE, CAI IFORNIA o o » o 0 0 c t »S og- Q-. ,S« .A •X 3 §3 §• S3O O£ lD 0D 3£ O0 00i 3D }Cg IMMACULATE CONCEPTION 1854-1904 1854 JUBILEE EDITION 1904 of the REDWOOD Commemorative of the Fiftieth Antii ersary of the Dogmatic Promulgation That Announced to the Entire Catholic World The Immaculate Conception of the Ever ;Glorious and Ever Blessed Virgin Mary The Holy Mother of God " Behold, from henceforth all generations shall call me blessed. " — Ljike , 48. OotteKto Dedication (Poem) - - - - - Sophoynorc 113 Mary of Nazareth - - - Edwiyi McFadden ' 07 115 Queen Immaculate (Poem) - - - Lodoix 123 Deeds More Eloquent Than Words Joseph Brown ' oj 124 Virgo Purissima (Poem) - . - Albert Pearre, ' oj 127 Mary and THE Apostles - Michaal C. O ' Toole, ' oj 128 REGINA Co ELI (Poem) - - - August Aguirre ' 07 134 Devotion to Mary in the Ages of Persecution George Fisher ' o- 135 Mary: the Morning Star (Sonnet) H. Spridgen, Spec. Bug 139 The Great Fathers - - - H. de la Guardia, ' 08 140 Mary, Star OF THE Sea - - - Raymond Hicks, ' oy 145 Beati Immaculati in Via (Poem) - - Sophomore 146 Mediaeval Devotion to Mary - John McElroy, A. B. 156 Mary Most Pure (Poem) Richard A, de la Guardia, ' 08 162 Mary Immaculate Patroness of the United States Junior 164 Gratia Plena (Poem) - - - - - J. C. ' oj 178 The Blessed Virgin and English Poets Eugene Ivancovich, ' oj 179 In St. Peter ' s Fifty Years i Go - - . Oswald, ' oy 186 Editorial Our Jubilee Number - - - - - 191 Nace Printing Co. ONi | EL Santa Clara, Cal Entered Dec. i8, rgos, at Santa Clara, Calif, as second-class matter under Act of Congress of March j, 187 g. Vol. IV. SANTA CLARA, CAL., DEC. i, 1904. No. 3 DEDICATION This little tribute of our filial love In her dear honor whom th ' Eternal God Loved with a love surpassing human thought, Loved and in loving chose her as His own, Chose her to be the Mother of His Son, Mother and yet a Virgin undefiled, Virgin Immaculate untouched by stain Of Adam ' s sin, — alone of all our race; This in her honor whom Isaias saw A spotless lily ' mid the thorns of earth, What time he cried in an excess of love: ' A Virgin shall conceive and bear a Son; " Whom, aye, the well beloved on e of Christ Beheld in his transcending ecstacy. Clothed with the sun and crowned with the stars and raised High on the throne of Heaven, peerless Queen. 114 THE REDWOOD All could we build a worthy monument To brook the tooth of time and reach adown The AgeS; telling all who gaze thereon, That Santa Clara ' s students had essayed To sing her praise, whom angel hosts revere, Whom all the greatest intellects of earth Have bowed before in reverential love; But since ' tis not our glory thus to raise A lasting monument of love, mayhap ' Tis better to attempt in humble way Than leave unsung the praises that are hers. Be near ye spotless armies of the just, That follow in the foot-prints of the Lamb And fling her praises round the throne of God, Be near and guide our thoughts to heights sublime That with the substance we may make amends For lack of verbal beauty and of tone; But chiefly thou, O holy Virgin, guide Thy children; bless us, for thou canst. That we may we weave a garland pure and white, If not to crown thy peerless brow, to cast In filial love and honor at thy feet! SOPHOMORK. THE REDWOOD 115 MARY or NAZARETH No life recorded in the annals of history is more remarkable for its simplicit3 and obscurity than that of the Woman who gave ut- terance to these prophetic words, — " All generations shall call me blessed. " Nowhere can we find her before the eyes of men; she is not given credit for any public action that, in the language of the world, might be termed great and heroic. True, she was conspicu- ous on that memorable of all memorable nights, the night when the God Man came into the world; but then there was no place for her in the inn. Again she was present at the mighty achievement of Calvary, but, humanly vSpeaking, that was for her a scene of utter failure. Nor do we read of what might be called her queenly munificence; she did not appear in the society of the great and lav- ish her bounty upon them. Her bounty was virtue and few there were in Mary ' s lifetime who sought her power in this regard. What then is it that has made Mary of Nazareth the miracle that she is? What is the cause of her elevation, of her glory, of her renown? Tell us thou, O glorious Queen, for thou canst best explain the miracle. ' Respexit humilitatem AncillcE Sues — He had regard for the humility of His Handmaid. " These are Mary ' s words and in them we have her whole history in brief. Still that the articles in this month ' s Rkdwood, which were or- iginally intended to form a symposium on the prophecy " All genera- tions shall call be blessed, " may have some semblance of complete- ness, it is well that we review the life of this wonderful Woman. We shall see later that the prophecy had been fulfilled; now we may endeavor to give an account of her, of whom it has been ful- filled. Many beautiful biographies of Mary have been written, many poems composed, many panegyrics delivered, and many beautiful works both in painting and in sculpture have been wrought in her honor. In fact the gifted intellects of all ages have found inspira- tion in the life of Mary; Bellini, Cimabue, Fra. Angelico, Memling, and Albert Durer consecrated their best paintings to her; Perugino, Raphael, Guido, Tintoret, Correggio, Murillo, Mignard and Rubens were at their best when Mty delineated the same sweet Mother of God; Michael Angelo, Luca della Robia, Donatello, Burchardon, ii6 THE REDWOOD Canova, and Bonnassieu have wrought in stone the glories of Mary; and the musicians Hayden, Weber, Pergolese, Beethoven, Mozart, Handel, and Gounod have chanted her praises in undying harmony. So too the poets, from Sedulius to Wordsworth, had no inspiration higher, except when they sang the praises of God and His Son, than when they turned their thoughts to Mary. Thus a laudatory style of reviewing the earthly career of this wonderful Woman, the " Woman above all women glorified, " might be followed in this paper, but to do her justice, volumes would not suffice. I shall therefore confine myself to a brief outline, a mere sketch of her life, and leave the dignity and the glory of Mary to the other writers who have been chosen for this purpose. During the long years of civil war in Rome, during all those pretty strifes that led up to the dismemberment of the Roman Re- public, there lived in an humble dwelling at Nazareth a holy cou- ple, Joachim and Anne by name. They were united in marriage before Cicero delivered his invectives against Catiline, and they dwelt together peacefully and holily, unknown to the world, un- known and unnoticed even by their neighbors except for the fact that their marriage had proven barren. This was consid- ered a great disgrace in those days, and when Joachim and Anne felt that old age was coming on, they grieved that they had no child to offer to the service of the God of Israel. They determined therefore to beseech God to bless their marriage, and He did so. On the eighth of September, in the twenty-seventh year of the reign of Caesar Augustus, a daughter was born to them and they called her Mary. In speaking of this glorious birth, Robert South- well, S. J., the sweetest of all sweet poets, has thus expressed himself: " Both grace and nature did their force unite To make this Babe the sum of all the best; Our most, her least; our million but her mite- — She was at easiest rate worth all the rest. What grace to men or angels God did part Was all united in this Infant ' s heart. " The poet then goes on to say that Mary ' s birth was like the " ris- ing of the orient star, " that ushers forth the sun; that she is to be the THE REDWOOD 117 ' Xoad-star of all engulfed in worldly waves, The Card and Compass that from shipwreck saves. But were we to mention all the beautiful things said about the birth of Mary, we would have no space for the rest of her hfe and so, though reluctantly, we shall omit further particulars and resume our narrative. Three years passed and Mary, in fulfillment of a promise made by her parents before her birth, was presented to the service of God in the Temple of Jerusalem. Here she was instructed in the law of Israel and in the various household duties of that time. Little is known of how her years passed except that at the age of eleven, she was left alone in the world by the death of her parents. She had at this age reached a high degree of sanctity and often would she spend long hours in prayer conversing with God and with His angels. It was at this time also, when she was eleven years old, that she consecrated herself to God in a special manner by making a vow of perpetual chastity. ' Donmie, offero tibi meam vii gimtatem ' ' — ' %oxd I offer to Thee my virginity " — are the words put in her mouth by an ancient author. Some of course may be inclined to doubt the authenticity of these words, but that Mar ' vowed virginity at about this time is certain beyond a doubt, as will be seen later when we relate the coming of the Archangel Gabriel to her home at Nazareth. And truly Mary, even as a child, had reached such a height of sanctity that no thought of ours can compass it, in its angelic sublimity and incomparable fragrance. Here again Southwell tells us that she was holier and more replen- ished with grace than all who went before her: ' The patriarchs and prophets were the flowers Which time by the course of ages did distill. And culled into this little Child the showers Whose gracious drops the world with joy shall fill; Whose moisture suppleth every soul wath grace And bringeth life to Adam ' s dying race. " Thus Mary increased in holiness, but she was soon to find trouble or w hat would be trouble to one less holy than she. It was the custom in Judea at that time for the young maidens, when they arrived at a marriageable age, to leave the temple and seek a spouse from among the members of their class. Mary having ar- ii8 THE REDWOOD rived at this age was sorely tried, for she knew not what to do; to marry would be to break her vow, and it was not safe nor advisa- ble for a young maiden to remain alone in Judea at that time. Mary accordingly betook herself to prayer and on her knees besought the Lord to direct her in the right path. God pointed out to her that she must have a protector, and He chose for this purpose a man named Joseph, an humble carpenter, who, like herself, had offered his purity to God. It is related by a writer of that period that Joseph was miraculously chosen, but whether this be true or not is of no concern to us. He was chosen and he conducted Mary to Nazareth where they took up their abode not knowing what great things were in store for them. The thoughtful reader will immediately recognize the sanctity of this holy carpenter whom we are introducing into our narrative. He was chosen by God to be the spouse of Mary. " God lent His Paradise to Joseph ' s care Wherein He was to plant the Tree of Life; His Son of Joseph ' s Child the title bare, Just cause to make the Mother Joseph ' s wife, O blessed man, betrothed to such a Spouse, More blessed to live with such a Child in house. " These lines are also Father Southwell ' s and we call upon him so often because he alone of all English poets struck the true note in speakingof holy things; or at least struck a truer note than any other. We have offered this little tribute of love to Joseph because he, the first devout client of Mary, vv ill surely aid us in getting together the rest of our story which we here and now dedicate to him. Mary and Joseph then lived together in Nazareth, as man and wife apparently, but really as brother and sister or more truly as two angels sojourning on earth. Though poor, they were con- tented; though humble, they were extremely happy; though un- known to men, they were loved and honored in a special manner by God and His angels. They have been compared to two spot- less lilies growing side by side surrounded by the thorns of sin; and unless our hearts are as hard as stone we shall thank God for having placed so holy a couple on the earth at that time. They were a protection for the rest of the world against the wrath of the Almighty, for well might God have destroyed the world, as He THE REDWOOD 119 did the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha, so wicked had it become. In the solitude of their peaceful dwelling Mary and Joseph would have remained unknown for the rest of their days had not the Eternal decreed otherwise. The time had arrived for the com- ing of the Messias. The Promised One was soon to come on earth, and Mary, the humblest and the purest of all women was to be His mother. For this reason God saw fit to lift the veil of obscur- ity for a moment, not indeed to the gaze of the world, but to the eyes of Heaven. The Virgin knelt at prayer when there appeared before her one of Heaven ' s highest citizens, the Archangel Gabriel. " Hail, full of Grace, the Lord is with thee, " are the words with which he addressed her. She, as we can well imagine, was astounded and startled at being addressed with words more becoming a queen of Heaven than one who had always considered herself ' the hand- maid of the Lord. " What was the meaning of this address? The angel, seeing the embarrassment of Mary, stated his mission. He informed her that a Son was to be born of her and that He was to save the world. Whereupon Mary mentioned her vov . The angel as sured her that she would still remain a virgin and immediately Mar} exclaimed: ' ' May it be done unto me according to thy word. " This was her consent and with it the miracle of miracles was wrought. The Holy Spirit de- scended upon her and the Word of God was made flesh. From this time on until the birth of Christ there is nothing remarkable recorded save Mary ' s visit to her cousin and the canticle she there uttered under inspiration from Heaven. The verse that concerns us is; ' ' Beatamme dicent omnes generationes — All generations shall call me blessed. " Shortly after her visit to Elizabeth, a decree was issued by Caesar Augustus, that all people should be enrolled in their own city. Joseph and Mary belonged to the house of David and there- fore in obedience to the Emperor they went to the city of David, Bethlehem. Arriving at their destination they sought for a night ' s lodging among their friends; but being poor they were forced to seek the shelter of a wretched stable situated at the outskirts of the town. " A Prince she is, and mightier Prince doth bear I20 THE REDWOOD Yet pomp of princely train she would not have; But doubtless, heavenly choirs attendant were, Her Child from harm, herself from fall to save. " Such was the design of God. The stable was in keeping with the woman " Who by humility cut off our thrall " when " Man laboring to ascend procured our fall. " So too was this humble abode in keeping with the character of the God Man who came on earth to heal our pride-begotten wounds Mary rejoiced at being able to suffer something for God. She saw in all things the design of the Creator and wished but to do His will Here in this lonely stable God had ordained that His Son should be born and here He was born. No comfort v, as there in the place either for the Mother or for the Child. A few rude, uncultured shepherds came down from the neighboring hillside to adore Him; the three wise men from the East brought incense and precious gifts as an offering; through the night the angels sang His praises; but all else was obscurity and helplessness. From the birth of Christ onward the life of Mary was one full of suffering and tribulation. She was forced to flee, at dead of night, into Egypt to escape the wrath of Herod. In Egypt among strangers and the most bitter enemies of her country, she re- mained until the death of her well beloved Son. During the v hole period of His public life we scarcely ever hear mention of Mary, save at the wedding of Cana and at the Crucifixion. She was not present when her Son performed His greatest miracles, she was not present at the East Supper when He instituted the Sacrament of His Love, though it is well nigh certain that in an adjoining room she was the first to partake of that heavenly Manna which Christ has left us for the life of our soul. She did not share in His triumphs; she was not present on the occasion of His glorious entry into Jerusalem; she was not pre- sent when the heavens opened and the Voice from above an- nounced the Divinity of the God Man. But she was present at His sufferings; she was present on the march to Golgotha; she was present at the foot of the Cross during the three hours of agony; she saw the nails driven through the tender flesh of Christ, and TIIK REDWOOD 121 when He had given up the Ghost, she received His lifeless form in- to her arms. How great must have been the sword of sorrow that pierced her heart, when she beheld her only Son suffering all these torments! With the Ascension of Christ into Heaven we all but lose sight of Mary. We know indeed that she took up her abode in Jerusalem for a time, instructing and assisting the Evangelists. To St. Luke especially she recounted the particulars of her own early days, and of the Infancy of her Divine Son. After the Apostles dispersed into different lands she went with St. John to Ephesus, where she remained but a short time and then returned to Jeru- salem. The sacred writers mention nothing of the death of the Blessed Mother of God. But this is not strange because whatever writing they did was in connection with the life of her Son and they knew that Mary ' s fame would spread wherever the glories of her Son were preached. Still Dionysius the Areopagite, who was present at her bedside, has left us in his letters an account that can hardly be neglected. He tells us that all the Apostles, who were still alive were in a miraculous manner gathered in the death chamber of Mary at Jerusalem. He says also that these teachers of the truth joined in chanting the praises of God for His great bounty towards Mary. What the holy Virgin ' s last words were we shall never know, though we may suppose, with St. John Damascene, that they were in this strain: " Into Thy hands, dear Son, I commend my spirit; receive my soul which is dear to Thee, and which Thou didst pre- serve from the least stain of sin. My body I give to Thee, not to the earth. Protect this tabernacle wherein Thou didst dwell and which Thou didst preserve from sin; take me to Thyself, that where Thou art, O my Son, I also may be. Comfort these my dear children whom Thou, when on earth, didst call Th} brethren. " Then raising her hands, according to the same Damascene, she blessed all who were present and uttering those holy words, " Eet it be done unto me according to Thy w ord, " she breathed her im- maculate soul into the hands of her Son. Robert Southwell, S. J., has left us a beautiful poem on Mary ' s death in which we find this: 122 THE REDWOOD " Weep, living things; of Life the Mother dies, The world doth lose the sum of all her bliss, The Queen of earth, the Empress of the skies; By Mary ' s death mankind an orphan is. Let nature weep: yea, let all graces moan, Their glory, grace and gifts die all in one. " And then again in strains pre-eminently grand: " Sun, hide thy light, thy beams untimely shine; True light since we have lost, we crave not thine. " We are not in total ignorance of what happened after Mary ' s death, but we have undertaken to write her earthly life alone and so with but one reference to her Assumption into Heaven we leave off here. " Faint-winged fowl by ground doth faintly fly, Our princely Eagle mounts unto the sky. Gem to her worth, Spouse to her Love ascends, Prince to her throne. Queen to her Heavenly King, Whose Court with solemn pomp on her attends And choirs of saints with greeting notes do sing: Earth rend ' reth up her undeserved prey; Heaven claims the right and bears the prize away, " With this we rest satisfied that we have done our humble best to portray the character of the Woman who uttered those prophet- ic words: ' ' All generations shall call me blessed. " That all gener- ations have in truth called her blessed the following papers will show, but let this be well impressed on the mind before going further that all that has been done on earth and all that will be done in honor of Mary cannot compare with the surpassing glory accorded her in Heaven. Our humble efforts are as nothing to those of the angelic choirs who sing her praises, except that what we endeavor to do in her honor will draw down her blessings on us, and her blessings are not to be disregarded. We know that she is crowned Queen of Heaven, that she is powerful with her Son, that thousands have experienced the meaning of her power, and that of all who call on her n o one will be forsaken. Edwin McFaddkn, ' 07. THE REDWOOD 123 QUEEN IMMACULATE " The Lord possessed Me in the beginning of His Ways " At that primordial moment ere the day Of man ' s appearance on this sphere of woe And sin and consequent decay Of all the powers that go To render life sublime, — In the beginning, fertile of whatever in time Has later been displayed, — Not yet the earth was made, Nor the abyss, nor the circumfluent sea, Nor mountain bulks, nor hills, Nor babbling rills, Nor the expanse of heaven ' s blue-vaulted majesty, — But she was there. Conceived of the thought of God, A Queen in queenl} state. Immaculate; The writhing tempter gnawed the sod Beneath her foot and soothed himself with utterest despair. Ay was she there, not who — How sadly true! — Bartered her gifts and ours for misery And brought an amorous spouse to heed the guile Lurking in reptile form, — And in her clasp the while There nestled warm A Son, the woman ' s Seed, her virgin-progeny I lyODOIX. 124 THE REDWOOD DEEDS MOK.E ELOQUENT THAN WORDS It is a peculiar characteristic of man that, be he ever so low in the depths of sinfulness, he has always an eye for the good, for the true and for the holy. He may and he may not be much for the practice of virtue himself, but he is generally capable of ad- miring an embodiment of goodness when it passes before his view. It is also characteristic of man that, having formed a habit of loving and extolling goodness, he passes, sooner or later, from the admira- tion to the practice, and having praised virtue in others, he grad- ually comes to practice it himself. This is doubly true when the virtue, which is the object of his admiration, is of an elevated kind. Hence in most cases those who have praised Mary passed from praise to imitation, from admiration to practice. The Apostles, the early Christians, and the Fathers of the Church were constant in their devotion to the Holy Virgin, and so — partly as a natural consequence and partly by the reciprocal regard of Mary,-— they rose invariably to great heights of virtue. In this connection we may quote Cardinal Newman ' s famous say- ing: " It is the boast of the Catholic Religion that it has the gift of making the young heart chaste; and why is this but that it gives us Jesus for our food and Mary for our nursing Mother? " This is true, not of young hearts alone, but of all who are devout to Mary. If, on the other hand, some are found among her admirers, who are not famed for personal virtue, we may, without hesitation, assert that their praise is either spasmodic or insincere. This is general; the reader acquainted with the history of those whom the following writers will call on for encomiums of Mary may fill in the particulars. The contributors of the articles have worked in unison, and, aided by the invaluable trea- tise on the Immaculate Conception by Salazar, they have gone through the writings of all the centuries gathering what seemed to them the most precious sayings of all the great writers of the Christian Kra. It was a mighty work and, without the compen- dium of Salazar, it would have been endlCvSs; but the task, such as it is, has been accomplished and the writers of the different periods have reason to feel a certain sense of satisfaction not at having THE RKDWOOD 125 done justice to their subject, — that were impossible — but at hav- ing shown, in a way, that in very truth all generations have called upon and extolled and glorified the humble Virgin of Nazareth. What has been gathered is proof of the actual 2M prima facie meaning of the words: ' ' Beatam me dicent ' ' though I think that a glory far greater and far more pleasing has been rendered to the Queen of Heaven by the thousands who have imitated the virtues which elevated her to the dignity of Mother of God. This is what I mean by saying that deeds are more eloquent than words. Thousands have celebrated the grandeurs of Mary in words, it is true; but hundreds of thousands have proclaimed her beauty, her virginity, her humility, by expressing, as far as an ordinary mortal can express, these self-same virtues in their souls. The example of the great Queen of Heaven, the Immaculate Mother of God, has not been fruitless during the ages of Christian- ity, and if it be the boast of the Catholic Church that she holds up that example to her children, it is not less her boast that in every clime and every age her children have followed it in an heroic degree. And so it it is true that actions speak louder than words, and if examples are more eloquent than the most polished speeches, the stronger proof of the fulfillment of Mary ' s prophecy would be in recounting the glories of the virginal spouses of Christ, who, touched by Mary ' s example, have led angelic lives upon this earth. " He who can understand, let him understand, " said the Savior, after be had given His counsel and benediction to the virginal life, and of the thousands and hundreds of thousands who did under- stand, there were none, absolutely none, who were not moved by the example of Mary. That the Eternal Son of God should lead a life of chastity, even though He took upon Himself the form of man, was not in itself a sufiicient guarantee that a mere man could aspire so high, but that Mary a creature, though the fairest of creatures, led the virginal life was an incentive for holy souls to do likewise. And then again, as the Church has taught from the beginning that Mary is the Queen of virgins, it was with confi- dence of being supported by her that so many did what, left to themselves, they could not have done. And O! how many thousands there have been who thus proclaimed by example the grandeurs of the great Virgin of 126 THE REDWOOD Nazareth. At present in the year 1904, in the United States States alone there are 13,364 Catholic priests who are vowed to a life of chastity. Judging relatively this would place the number of religious of both sexes well over 50,000 and this in the United States alone! If then in this country there are at present over 50,000 imitators of Mary, and we assume for the sake of calcula- tion the same proportion to exist elsewhere, though in many countries of Europe the proportion is far greater, we can put the number of virgins who at this very day preach by example the glories of the Queen of Heaven as high as 10,000,000 without fear of exaggeration. Again if in the fourth century St. Ambrose could speak of the " nation of innocents, " the " multitude of pure souls, " the ' ' assemblies of virgins, " we must conclude that the millions of virginal imitators of Mary during the centuries surpass all calculations. These then are the most eloquent panegyrists of the great Queen Immaculate, but because it were difficult, nay, impossible to recount their deeds, we have determined to gather here and there some short sweet passages from the writings of men who ex- pressed the sentiments of their age and have left a treasure of lit- erature on the glorious Virgin. Fain would we offer our own tribute of love to Mary; but in the words of St. Augustine: " If all the members of the human body were converted into tongues, no one could praise her suf- ficiently. Higher than the Heavens, profounder than the abyss, she cannot be reached by mortal mind. " Still what we can do, we have attempted; we have tried to form a symposium of her gifted sons of all nations, we have gathered some of their sayings and we shall let them speak where we are, perforce, silent. Joseph Brown, ' 07. THE RKDWOOD 127 VIRGO PURISSIMA O purest Virgin I have ofttimes sought An image of thy purity on earth, And ofttimes too my love-inspired thought Has gathered all their is of passing worth In snowy whiteness and in j ewels that break The sunbeam to a myraid-tinted glow; And I have watched the pure and crystal flow Of streams transparent, and the golden streak, Ere day appears, across the rose-strewn sky; But naught can half reflect thy wondrous purity! O for one ray from thine Immaculate heart, To pierce the cloud of sin that lowering hangs, As smoke-clouds o ' er the city ' s busy mart, — To quell our anguish and the bitter pangs Of sin-begotten tempests in the soul. E ' en as the sun ' s bright rays illumine all. So let thy grace upon our darkness fall And v e shall ever bask beneath thy sweet control. A1.BKRT Pkarck, ' 07. 128 THE REDWOOD MARY AND THE APOSTLES The Apostolic Age had innumerable panegyrists of the Blessed Virgin and though, through the negligence of men and the rav- ages of time, much of the literature of that age, some even that was written by the Apostles themselves, has been lost, still what has come down to us is sujSicient to give an idea of how the early Christians were taught to revere the Holy Mother of God. I shall begin with the Apostles, those first shepherds of the flock of Christ, commissioned by Him to preach the Gospel and for this purpose richly illuminated by the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of Truth and of Wisdom. What they wrote of devotion to Mary ought to have great weight with Christians of all denominations. Many there are who readily admit the existence of an enthusiastic ' cult of the Virgin, ' as they would call it, during the Middle Ages, " but then these were ages of darkness, " they add, " ages of super- stition. " If therefore it can be shown that even during Mary ' s lifetime and immediately after her death the devotion was known and insisted upon, a great point will be gained; if it can be shown that the Apostles propagated this cult, the only natural conclusion will be that devotion to the Immaculate Mother of Christ is closely connected with the essentials of Christianity itself. But is it necessary to attempt a proof of the self-evident fact that the Apostles honored their Queen? For some it is necessary, for others it will serve as an additional spur to piety. The " Queen of Apostles " is one of the titles given to Mary by the Church, and in all truth she is their Queen. When terrified by the horrors of the Crucifixion they had abandoned the Savior she it was who took their place beneath the Cross; when after the Ascension of the the Master they gathered together awaiting the coming of the Holy Spirit, she was there in their midst, encouraging and reas- suring them, and on many other occasions she comforted and cheered them in their trials and difficulties. If in view of this exalted position of Mary among the Apos- tles, and of their consequent filial love for her, some are inclined to regret that these first shepherds of the flock did not leave us at least one beautiful treatise on the virtues of their Queen, they THE REDWOOD 129 must remember that the first duty of the Apostles was to preach Christ and Christ crucified. They found themselves a mere hand- ful of men entrusted with the tremendous task of promulgating throughout the whole world the teachings of their Master. They had to begin at the beginning and the beginning as well as the end of Christianity is Christ crucified. Love for Mary follows naturally on the realization of the mysteries of the Hfe of Christ, just as, for instance, Apostolic zeal must be the outgrowth of faith. Christianity is a system of gradation; to propagate it, it is neces- sary, first, to prove the existence of God, then the mysteries of the Incarnation, the Redemption, of regeneration and salvation. The mind that admits these truths will logically arrive at the practice of the Christian virtues and, the more fully the mind grasps the underlying principles of Christianity, the more ardently will the heart glow with a love for all the beautiful ramifications of those principles. Devotion to Mary is one of these ramifications; it is an outgrowth of the essential teachings of Christ. Thus no one can be devout to the Immaculate Mother unless he first believes in the mystery of the Incarnation. And so if the Apostles did not preach Mary, it was because they realized that wherever they preached Christ they were preparing the way for devotion to Mary, His Immaculate Mother. The story of her life and sufferings, the glories and triumphs of it, the splendor of her merits as co- operator in the Redemption were all inseparable from the story of the life and sufferings of her Divine Son. To bring men to serve and love Him was to bring them to love Mary also. But we must not conclude from this that the Apostles were altogether reticent on the subject of Mary ' s glories. If the Cath- olic Church has raised a mighty edifice to the Queen of Heaven, if the Virgin ' s shrine is placed nigh unto that of her Son ' s and honor paid to her for His sake, if by the dogmatic declaration of 1S54 the temple of Catholic devotion was completed and the diadem of twelve stars placed forever on the Virgin ' s brow, the foundation stones of the magnificent basilica were laid by the Apostles; the devotion was originated by them and it is the glory of Catholicity that the consummation was reached in this age of indifierentism. Maybe in this very fact we must acknowledge the guiding hand of the Almighty over His Church. In the nineteenth centur3 the I30 THE REDWOOD century of apostate infidelity, that Church raised her voice and declared, not the " Divinity of Mary " as an infidel scoffer called it, but the nearest approach to Divinity conceivable by man, her Im- maculate Conception. I shall now endeavor to show how the Apostles inaugurated this devotion to Mary. They did not write much, but what they wrote is full of unction, as this beautiful passage from St. James the Greater will show: — ' ' Nequaqumii Angelus dicer et Virginia Ave gratia plena si in originali peccato fidsset conceptay — " The Angel could by no means address the Virgin: ' Hail full of grace, ' if she had been conceived in original sin; " or this other assertion equally to the point: — ' ' ' Mariavt non tetigit primum peccatum. — " " Original sin did not stain Mary. " So too has St. James the Less given expression to the primitive spirit of devotion towards the Blessed Virgin. In his liturgy, after the reading of the gospel, we find this: " Let us be mindful of our most holy, most glorious and Immaculate Queen, the Mother of God and ever Virgin Mary. " Again after the Consecration and prayers immediately following, he inserts an eloquent address to her which contains these glowing words: Praecipucs sanctissimcs immactilatcB super omnes benedictcB glorios(Ey DomincB nostrce DeiparcE semperque Virginis Maries. ' ' — " The most holy, the Immaculate one, the woman above all women blessed, our glorious Queen the ever Virgin Mary, Mother of God. " In another place the same James speaks of her as, " The Mother of our God, more honored than the cherubim, and more glorious than the seraphim. " We might rest contented with these remarkable testimonies for surely they suffice to show that the Apostolic Age was not without its devotion to Mary Immaculate. From these few pas- sages too, we may readily see that the Apostles were convinced of her Immaculate Conception, the greatest of all Mary ' s prerogatives, the one that enhanced and elevated all her other glories. But my purpose is not to prove the reasonableness of the dogma of the Immaculate Conception. Such an endeavor would be useless; the truth has already been established and proven beyond a doubt by the explicit teaching of the Catholic Church. I wish merely to verify the inspired words of the Blessed Virgin, — " All genera- tions shall call me blessed, " — by following the stream of eulogistic THE REDWOOD 131 literature in its glorious and ever widening progress during the first century. St. Mark the Evangelist and the disciple of Peter is Hke the others full of praise for Mary in his liturgy. ' ' SanctissimcB.inte- meratce benedictce Domincs Nostrce Dei Geiietricis et semper Vir- gmis Marice: ' — " Our most holy, most blessed and inviolate Queen, Mother of God and ever Virgin Mary, " are some of the expressions, beautitul and deeply reverential, in which he speaks of Mary. Similar sentences and expressions occur in the liturgy of Ethiopia: ' Laetare Iniinaculata vere Regiiia, laetare gloria 7iostrorum Par enhnny — ' ' Rejoice truly Immaculate Queen, re- joice glory of our race. " And further on in the same monument of Christianity we read: " Protect O Lord, all those for whom we pray, protect them in the true faith and in inexpressible love, through the prayers and intercession of our holy Queen the Im- maculate Virgin Mary. " This same liturgy, as if endeavoring to impress the dignity of Mary on the minds of the early Christians, uses the word ' Immacu- lata " even after the Consecration of the Sacred Host: ' Hoc est Corpus et hie est Sanguis Domi}d et Servatoris Nostri Jesu Christie quod et quern assumpsit ex Doniina 7iostra sancta et Immaculata VirgineT " This is the Body and this is the Blood of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, both of which He assumed from our Queen, the holy and Immaculate Virgin. " These expressions though very clear and incapable of being misunderstood, unless one wishes to misunderstand them, have nevertheless been given by some an hyperbolical meaning; that is to say, they were meant to express mere human excellence raised to an extraordinary degree of perfection, or what Tennyson might call the ' all but utter whiteness " of Mary. We ourselves though in bad taste, often use the word " immaculate " metaphorically, meaning general neatness or cleanliness, the absence of any dis- figuring blot or blemish. This however is quite different from the absolute sense in which the Apostles and Fathers of the Church used it in reference to the Blessed Virgin. That they used this term absolutely ' - is manifest from the expressions which occur in other places explanatory of the general belief of the time. For instance: Inter cessione plence gratia Virginis Genetricis Mar ice 132 THE REDWOOD qu(E in omnibus est sandal — ' hxQ x% i the intercession of the Virgin Mother Mary, full of grace, who is in all things holy. " The phrase " in all things holy " could be said of her alone who was in no way contaminated by the stain of sin. It does not admit the possibility of her ever having been under the power of Satan, as she v ould have been, were she born under the ban of original sin; it necessitates Divine intervention,— it implies her Immaculate Conception. In concluding our Apostolic testimony it is consoling to find the dying words of the great Apostle Andrew: " As the first Adam was formed from the earth before it was cursed, so the second Adam (Christ) was formed from a Virgin soil never cursed. " Thus far I have used the exact words of the Apostles. They had not the opportunity, as I remarked before, to attend to the artistic or poetical portions of the great edifice of Christianity, because entirely occupied with the main structure. But in study- ing this period in any regard, one must always remember that the Apostles were not given to writing generally; they had disciples and they knew that these disciples would have followers even to the end of time. Thus what they did not write they handed down by word of mouth. In illustration of the truth of this one need only turn to the works of Ignatius the Martyr. Ignatius was a disciple of John and in his beautiful letters to Mary and about Mary, he voices the general spirit of Apostolic devotion. In one place he says: " Angelic holiness was united with human nature in Mary the great Mother of God. " ' ' HumancE naturce nahira sanditatis angelic z sodatur, ' ' are his exact words. So if one were anxious to know the sentiments of the great Paul with regard to Mary ' s dignity, he could learn them from Dennis the Areopagite. The Areopagite is so well known to every student of history, that the reader will recognize him with- out an introduction. He was that Grecian philosopher who, took the sacred tidings from the lips of Paul and dedicated his life to the service of Christ. In his praises of Mary he writes thus: " I have seen andjWith my own eyes contemplated the parent of God and the Mother of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Virgin, holy above all heavenly spirits. " And again: " I was brought into the presence of the Mother of God the most admirable Virgin, and an insupport- THE REDWOOD 133 able splendor so surrounded me exteriorly and so illuminated me interiorly; and such a fragrance, as of many odors, abounded in me, that neither my miserable body nor my soul could support the aspect of so much and such eternal feHcity. " Later on he adds: M call on Thee to witness, O God, that if Thy teachings had not enlightened my mind, I would have believed that she were Divine, since no heavenly glory can seem greater than hers. " Thus the great Dennis, the disciple of Paul, the Apostle of France, and the glory of Patristic literature has given expression to his loving admiration for the holy Virgin. He seems almost at a loss for words with which to voice his conception of the admir- able dignity of his Queen. True, some have doubted the authen- ticity of his writings; but whether written by the Areopagite or not, this much is certain that they date back to Apostolic times. Thus then, by means of a few brief quotations, I have estab- lished the fact that Mary Immaculate was known and revered and regarded as the exalted Mother of God, that her protection was sought for and received by the Apostles and by the disciples of the Apostles. The liturgies whence I have quoted may not be accepted with equal willingness by all, but if there were any reasons for deny- ing their complete authenticity, they would none the less testify to the extreme antiquity of devotion to the Blessed Virgin, for in whatever light one may consider these liturgies, they are surely a manifestation of the sentiments of the early Christians, to say the least. But it is not necessary to elaborate arguments concerning a point which the Church has already decided. Argumentatively speaking we need seek no further than the beautiful line of St. Luke: ' Ave gratia pi ena ' or the inspired salutation of Elizabeth: Ben edict a ttc iii mulieribtisV MlCHAKL C. O ' TooLE, ' 07. 134 THE REDWOOD REGINA COELl Virgin Queen, in highest Heaven enthroned Clad in the dazzling brightness of the sun; Thj praises e ' en by seraphim entoned Unworthy are of thee; they ' ve but begun To praise thee when they reach the height Of their angelic power. So wondrous bright Art thou that none but God can fathom thee And comprehend thy queenly majesty! Slave then am I, unworthy to appear Before thy throne; ah, but ' tis bliss untold, — Sweeter than all earth ' s harmony to hear, — A slave in such a servitude enrolled! 1 bow then Mar to thy queenly state, Lisping in love thy Name Immaculate, Poor worthless slave, and slave I would remain; To be thy slave, sweet Mary, is to reign! August Aguirre, ' 07. THE REDWOOD 135 DEVOTION TO MARY IN THE AGES OF PERSECUTION The ever glorious Virgin Mary is by excellence the Queen of Martyrs. She won this title and this dignity when she stood in the shadow of the Cross with the sword of anguish piercing her most pure heart. The Son whom she bore has been called The Man of Sorrows, " and surely the Mother has merited the kindred title of " Woman of Sorrows. " It was perhaps when the dead Sav- ior was placed in her maternal arms that she could with greatest effect cry out to the whole world: " All ye that pass by, attend and see if there be any sorrow like unto my sorrow; " but that was but the consummation of her martyrdom. The sight of her Son be- neath the heavy Cross as He struggled up the hill to Calvary, the sound of the nails that tore His sacred flesh, the blasphemies of the rabble, — all these, to say nothing of earlier sorrows, pierced her heart as human heart was never pierced before, no, nor after; not even during the period when day by day the arena of Rome drank deep of Christian blood. We mention this as one of the greatest glories of our Queen. In the eyes of man there is no honor in suffering much; but in God ' s eyes it is different. Sorrow and grief and anguish endured for His sake are glories incomparably higher than the greatest glory on earth. We mention it also because during the period before us, Mary Immaculate, though honored in other re- gards, seems to have been specially revered as the Queen of Mar- tyrs. It was under her patronage that the early Christians went forth to the stake and to the arena, and it was in her name, whis- pered in the same breath with the Name of her Son, that they con- quered the cruelty of the persecutors. For this reason, as soon as the tempest had dispersed and peace was given to the Church of Christ, one of the first public basilicas consecrated was that of St. Mary of the Mart3 rs. It was a public acknowledgment of the Christians ' belief, that after the Savior, it was she who had assisted them in the struggle, who had enabled them to repeat, even in the face of death, the glorious words of their creed: " I believe in Jesus Christ, Who was born of the Virgin Mary. " 136 THE REDWOOD Thus the devotion of the persecuted Christians to Mary might well be shown by recounting the acts of her servants during those il- lustrious ages of martyrdom; but their deeds are known, and it is per- haps more consoling to study the spirit of the age from the pictures found in the Catacombs and still preserved in the Lateran library at Rome. There is on this very subject an excellent little book from the pen of Rev. Thomas J. Shahan of the Catholic University at Washington. It contains some twenty prints of the ancient pictures. They are reproductions of the originals and on many we may see the sweet name ' Maria, " or the Angel ' s salutation " Ave Maria, " or " Maria Virgo. " One of these pictures is a pecu- liar symbol of Mary as Queen of Apostles. The Virgin is repre- sented as standing between between Peter and Paul and, to all appearances, instructing them; certainly she is the prominent one in the group, and this prominence could not be interpreted other- wise than by supposing that the artist wished to convey, not only Mary ' s superiority over the Apostles, but a certain degree of active co-operation in the work of spreading the Gospel of her Son. That the conversation is one connected with the Gospel is evident from the presence of two scripture-rolls on either side of Mary, and that there should be no mistake about the persons the artist has left the names: Maria, Pbtrus, Paui UvS. There is another very remarkable picture which was found in the Catacomb of St. Priscilla and which, according to some reliable antiquarians, was executed between the years 50 and 150. Accord- ing to others it was directed by the Apostles themselves. Without however attempting to determine the date of execution, this much may be put down as certain: the picture is from the Catacombs, and therefore it is a proof of the existence of devotion to Mary during that early period. More artistic than the other of which we spoke, it represents the Virgin Mother with the Child in her arms. The Star of Bethlehem shining from above tells us who the persons are, and the loveable countenance of Mary speaks of a ten- derness on the part of the artist; while the presence of Isaias who is pointing to the star seems to indicate that the intention of the artist was to express the significance of the great prophet ' s words: " A Virgin shall conceive and bear a Son. " It would be a pleas- ing task to run through the other representations of Mary that are THK RKDWOOD 137 found on the stone coffins, on the gilded glasses and the mosaic frescoes, but we wish to give an account of the literature which, though scanty, abounds in praises of Mary. I shall begin with St. Justin, a writer who flourished in the middle of the second century. This early Doctor of the Church foresaw, as it were, that the Savior ' s words: " Yea, rather blessed are they who hear the word of God and keep it, " would be subject to misinterpretation by the enemies of Mary. And curious as it may seem these words have been used by some in speaking against the honor w hich Catholics pay to the Mother of God. Whether or not they believe that Mary did not hear the word of ; God, or that hearing it she did not keep it, we cannot say; but let us listen to the great Justin: " The Savior did not wish by this utterance to deprive His Mother of her true honor; He shows rather the means by which she became happy and blessed As God did not choose a very good woman but the very best to be the Mother of Christ, as He chose one who in ' virtue surpassed all others, so it was His wish that this Mother should be declared blessed because she was virtuous and because on account of her virtues the supreme honor of being chosen Virgin Mother of God was conferred on her. " To the testimony of Justin we could add beautiful passages from Irenaeus, Archbishop of Lyons, who w as one of Poly carp ' s disciples, and Polycarp was taught by the Apostles themselves. Irenaeus in an eloquent comparison between Eve and Mary shows how the latter restored what the former lost. But we must leave the second to give some little space ' to the Jthird century. This century like the preceding was richer in Martyrs than in Uterary men, but we have some panegyrists of Mary, among them Hippo- lytus, Origen, Gregory of Neo-Caesaria, Cyprian the African Bis- hop and Diouysius of Alexandria. Hippolytus whose chiefwork was in the beginning of the century makes frequent reference to the singular Virginity of Mary. " Christ was born according to the flesh from a holy and Immaculate Virgin, " and again, " When the Savior wished to redeem mankind He was born of the invio- late Virgin Mar3 " ' ' Immacidaia ' ' and ' ' Impolhita ' ' are the terms he uses whenever he speaks of the Mother of God. Origen is more emphatic and, in a certain sense, poetical 138 THE REDWOOD whenever he speaks of the great Queen of Angels. In his homily on St. Matthew he introduces a conversation between Joseph and the Angel on the occasion when Joseph was warned to fly into Egypt. ' This Child, says the Angel, " has no father on earth, be- cause He has an incorruptible Father on high; in Heaven He has no Mother, because on earth He has an Immaculate and pure Mother, the ever Blessed Virgin Mary. " Gregory of Neo-Caesaria in his magnificent sermon on the Annunciation has left us a treatise of Mary ' s praises. We can quote but one short sentence: " Arise, O Lord " he says " and enter into Thy rest, the tabernacle of Thy making; for surely is the most Holy Virgin a tabernacle golden within and without, because she contained Christ, the source of all holiness. " To these we might add the praises of Mary by St. Cyprian and St. Dionysius of Alexandria; the latter says that Mary has been preserved blessed from the sole of the foot to the crown of the head — ' A pedibus usque ad caput beyiedictam ' ' — but we have al- ready given ample proof of our proposition, that she was revered and honored in this age of persecution, that she was in all truth the Queen of Martyrs and this because: " Unam nee maculam natura relinquit in ista. Ad caput a planta transvolat ist e decor. " Gkorgk Fisher, ' 07. THE REDWOOD 139 MARY: THE MORNING STAR When o ' er the eastern hills, ere dawning light, Lone shines a star of tremulous liquid ray And joyful sends its message-beams away, Through the far spreading sable realms of night, That orb to herald which in glory dight Shall rise and hold his universal sway. Attended by his radiant bride the day: Then doth my fancy love to wend its flight Back to the wondrous Maid of David ' s line, The limpid " Morning Star " by men of yore Above the gloom of Sinai ' s Mount descried, Who tidings of the coming Savior bore — The soul ' s fair Sun — and Holy Church His Bride, The day that never shall to eve decline. H. Spridgen, Spec. English. I40 THE REDWOOD THE GREAT FATHERS When one looks over the list of Patristic writers in the fourth century and runs through the litany of great names: Athanasius, Kphrem, Basil, Epiphanius, Ambrose, Gregory of Nyssa, Jerome, Caesarius, and Chrysostora, — to say nothing of the less famous Titus Bostremus, Timothy of Constantinople, John and Sophronius of Jerusalem, — he has before him probably the greatest galaxy of intellects that, in a similar space, the world has ever seen. The Church had arisen from the Catacombs, she had vanquished her mortal enemy, Rome; and now, that internal strife arose with Arius and his train of court bishops, with the Apostate Julian and the half converted thousands who were entering into the fold be- cause Christianity had become, in a sense, the national religion, it was necessary to have staunch defenders of the truth, and the Provi- dence of God responded to the necessity by giving to the world those giant thinkers and polished writers, who in exile and at home, ex- plained and defended the sacred teachings of Christ ' s Religion. These remarkable men have been very aptly compared to pillars of truth, and truly have they added strength and endurance to the mighty Citadel of truth, which, builded upon the foundation of heroic self-sacri- fice, increased in loveliness and grandeur under their intellectual guidance. Their penetrating minds fathomed the depths of religious errors and prepared the Church against subsequent attacks from infidels and heretics. It is a singular fact that, as soon as the Christian religion had been gloriously confirmed and sealed by the blood of martyrs, some evil-minded men, typified by the wicked Nestorius, endeav- ored to attack it with arguments, and it is more singular still, that they began by depreciating the ever glorious Virgin Mary. For this reason the writers of the fourth century are more earnest in the defense of Heaven ' s Queen and the Mistress of the world. We shall glean a few select passages from those great defend- ers and show that the fourth century was not an exception but a glorious confirmation of the truth contained in Mary ' s utterance, " All generations shall call me Blessed. " St. Athanasius the Great, the soul of the orthodox party of THE REDWOOD 141 Nicea, by whose indomitable fortitude the further course of the Arian controversy was checked, the man who, though an exile, founded conventual life in the West, and thus gave singular proof of his ardent love for the most holy Virgin of virgins; this glorious Athanasius, the remarkable defender of the sacred doctrines of Homoousion, is the first to meet us as we turn to the fourth cen- tury, and he meets us with the following beautiful tribute to Mary: " And thus the Holy Ghost with all his essential virtues descended upon a Virgin, and replenished her with grace that she might be blessed among all women. She is called full of grace, because by the reception of the Holy Ghost, she was to abound in all graces, and this gift, I firmly believe, she always possessed even before she conceived, and she retained it after she had given birth. " St. Ephrem the Syrian, is more explicit in his encomiums of the purest of Virgins: " Immaculate, undefiled, unimpaired, abso- lutely pure and most free from all blot or stain of sin. Virgin and spouse of God, our Queen. " This is the same St. Ephrem who was so highly honored and esteemed by the most celebrated Fathers of the Church, that, according to the testimony of Jerome, his homilies were read in many of the Greek churches imme- diately after the reading of the Scripture. Leaving him however we shall turn our minds to the great St. Basil, a distinguished theologian and like Athanasius a great leader in the Arian Controversy. He writes: ' ' Sanctissimcs, iyitem- eratce immaculatcB , dominatricis nostrcB-y — " Most hoi} ' , undefiled, immaculate queen. " Further in his liturgy we find this: " (9 Maria tti cafidoris et decoris format cui in terris non est cBqualisT ' " O Mary, thou the embodiment of purity and of beauty, there is no equal to thee on earth. " Similarly exclaims St. Epiphanius, the famous bishop of Con- stantinople, ' ' Hail full of grace, spiritual sea, embracing in thy depths that Heavenly gem, Jesus Christ. Hail full of grace, re- splendent sky, containing within thyself the incomprehensible God. Hail full of grace, who dost possess the orbit of the firma- ment, and who dost comprehend the almighty and unlim- ited God. What shall I say and cry out? In what manner shall I proclaim the blessed origin of thy glory? With the exception of God alone thou art the most exalted of beings, far more beautiful 142 THE REDWOOD than the very cherubim and seraphim and all the mighty hosts of angels. To proclaim thy glory neither man nor angel is suited; they have, indeed, entuned thy praise in hymns and in canticles: but they are not able to express them in a manner suitable to thy dignity. O Blessed Virgin, purest dove, Heavenly bride, Mary, the Heaven, the temple, the throne of the Divinity, who contain- est the Sun that shineth in the Heavens and on the earth; bright cloud, that didst bring down from Heaven that resplendent I ight that illuraineth the whole world! " It is useless for me to add any comments of my own to this tribute of the great Epiphanius. The other Fathers will supply what I would wish to say. Listen to the enthusiastic exclamation of St. Ambrose: " O thou pure and immaculate and chaste lamb. Holy Mary! " St. Jerome, one of the greatest Doctors of the Church, might well demand more space than others, but our lengthy quota- tion from St. Epiphanius has rendered it impossible. However we shall give a few passages from him. In his explanation of Veni Columba mea immaculata mea ' ' he says of Mary: ' ' She expressed in all things, the simplicity of a dove since whatever was engendered in her was all purity and simplicity, all truth and grace; hence she is immaculate, because in no way was she ever stained by sin. " Again realizing her dignity he exclaims, " I am unworthy to express my sentiments about such and so great a Virgin; no one can dare presume so much unless he be in utter ignorance of all those wonderful things which have been made known to us. Still though no one has been found suited for the task, we should not hesitate, sinners though we be, to speak her praises. " As we pass from the West to the East, at the end of the fourth century, we meet the great St. John Chrysostom. He was perhaps the most famous of the Greek Fathers, he who lived for six whole years in a desert, in order that he might lead a life of true self- denial and devote himself to study and who, had it not been for sickness, would have suffered even more for God. His famous say- ing was that if God wished to use him for His service. He would know where to find him. God did find him and illuminated his mind, He raised him to a height never since attained by man. In THE REDWOOD 143 his praises of the Blessed Virgin Chrysostom is ecstatic; ' ' Truly it is but becoming and just " he says, " to worship Thee, Mother of God, ever most blessed, wholly undefiled. Mother of our Lord, more honored than the cherubim and incomparably more glorious than the seraphim. " Again in one of his addresses to the people of Antioch: " Truly, my dear brethren, the glorious Virgin Mary was a miracle of miracles. Who of all creatures can be found greater or more highly honored than she? Alone in her wondrous dignity she towers above Heaven and earth. Neither prophets nor angels nor apostles, nor martyrs, nor cherubim and seraphim are equal to her in sanctity. If you will realize how much higher is the dignity of Mary over that of all the hosts of Heaven, consider that, while they approach the throne of God in fear and in trembling, she stands forth with confidence and prays for us to Him Who is her Son. Hail, O Virgin Mother, our heaven and our throne, bail thou ornament and honor and incomparable jewel of the Church. " With this we leave the glorious fourth century. It was in all truth an age of devotion to Mary; but this devotion had in no way abated in the fifth. St. Augustine who is recognized by many as the most intellectual man of the Christian Era meets us on the threshold of the century. " From his quiver, " says Father Salazar in the sixteenth cen- tury, " those who are opposed to the Immaculate Conception have drawn many arrows of attack; but the arrows are now dull and broken and Augustine stands out as a great champiou of Mary ' s privileges. " Ever so many worthy comments have been made on his writings and hence, keeping in view our own purpose we shall merely indicate how Mary was honored even by this great intel- lect. " The Blessed Virgin excepted, concerning whom, for the honor of God, I would say nothing, when there is a question of sin, for we know that grace to conquer all sin was given her, who merited to conceive and give birth to Him Who certainly was without sin, she alone excepted all men are conceived in sin. " Again in an excess of love he exclaims: " O Mother of our Lord, just as there was fault in the first woman, so on the contrary the free- dom from all stain was superabundant in thee. " In another passage 144 THE REDWOOD we find: " What shall we, so insignificant, so small, what shall we do in her honor? Even if all our limbs were to turn into tongues, they would not be sufficient to praise her. vShe, to whom I refer, is higher than Heaven; deeper than the abyss is she, whose praises I strive to recount. What shall I say, I who am so weak? My highest praise of thee, is incomparably lower than what thy dignity deserves? If I call thee Heaven, thou art higher; if Mother of all nations, thou art more than that; if I call thee image of the true God, thou art indeed most worthy; if I proclaim thee Queen of angels thou shalt appear above them all. " But we must leave the great St. Augustine and with him St. Maximus and Sedulius, to consider the words of Cyril of Alexan- dria, who addressed the Fathers of the great Council of Ephesus where Mary ' s Maternity was vindicated, where the power of her intercession was proclaimed, and where the latter half of the Angelical Salutation was added; " Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now and at the hour of our death! " St. Cyril in his address before the assembled bishops said among other things: Clemens Dejis ex muliere nasci non erjtbuit; nullam inde contrahit labem quod iiitra viscera quae citra omneni dedecoris notam condiderat, inhabitat ' Which reads in English: " Our Merciful God hesitated not to be born of a woman; and thence He contracted no stain, because He dwelt within that sacred womb which he had formed free from all sin. " When the maternity of Mary had been entirely established the same saint exclaimed: " Be thou forever blessed, O holy Mother of God, thou peerless jew el of creatures, thou holy and inextinguishable beacon-light. Thou art the glory of chastity, the imperishable citadel and dwelling place of Him Whom space cannot contain. Virgin and Mother thou didst contain within thy womb the In- finite, the Incomprehensible. Through thee do we adore and glorify the Holy Trinity, through thee the Heavens are filled with happiness, the angels rejoice, the demons are scattered, man ' s fall repaired and the gate of Heaven opened. By thy aid we preach the Gospel far and near and establish the Church throughout the world. " Thus the saintly writers of the fourth and fifth centuries have celebrated the praises of Mary. Were we to enumerate the works THE REDWOOD 145 written during this period we would fill a volume. For this reavSon we have limited ourselves to a few quotations, but we have cer- tainly shown that the great Fathers have honored Mary as Queen of Heaven, Immaculate Queen, Mother of God, Refuge of Sinners, Comforter of the Sorrowful; we have shown that during this IDcriod the prophetic words: — " All generations shall call me blessed, — " were gloriously and eloquently fulfilled. H. DE LA GUARDIA, ' 08. MARY. STAR OF THE SEA O Virgin Star, thou beacon light of God Given through love by Him Who well might give The chastening rod, Had not He willed that sinners live And be converted to His love; O thou so far above The hosts of Heaven, thou Queen of light, Illumine our sad hearts, dispel the gathering night. O Star above earth ' s storm-whipped, raging sea, Look how the waves wind-tossed in anger rise Against our frail humanity! List how our humble cries Are echoed forth to thee in grandeur crowned, ' Mid Stygian darkness reigning all around Ah let thy light fall on this sea of sin Quell thou with thy sweet rays the earth ' s despairing din. Raymond Hicks, ' 07. 146 THE RKDWOOD BEATI IMMACULATI IN VIA The storm was raging and the thunderbolts Played havoc through the hills of Bethlehem, While Jerome humble monk of three score ten, Stood at his straw-thatched hut and wept. He saw in that wild storm an image true, Alas too true, of what he had endured; The inner storm that raged for many years And threatened him with ruin and despair. For oftentimes when Jerome first had sought His solitary home in Bethlehem, Hard by the Manger of the Savior Christ, His fancy carried him far back to Rome, And in his cell he saw the hideous shapes Of sin and all the sensuous pleasures which He fain had fled; they beckoned unto him And urged him to forsake his calm retreat, Till he would grow impatient and beseech Forgiveness from the Lord for all his sins, The sins of youth, of manhood and of age For he half deemed t hese hideous fancies sins. He sought to fly them but they clung to him, Till with a holy horror he essayed The languages of Scripture day and night And mortified the flesh, whene ' er it sought Dominion over reason. Thus he lived And now that he had conquered and the storm Had passed forever from him, he had peace And felt that God was with him, felt that He Had given him the sting of flesh for ends THE REDWOOD 147 Hid in His own inscrutable designs. So now he gazed upon the raging storm, And when he heard the distant fall of trees Torn from their place and hurled upon the ground He thought how he, had God ' s grace been withdrawn, Would thus have fallen prostrate to the ground. But God had shielded him and he was safe, His passions dead, his works of love all done. Well might he say: " The talent thou didst give I now return, O Lord, a hundredfold. " But he was humble and he thought not thus, While in the fervor of his heart he prayed; " O happy storms that made me leave the world! O happy storms that made me fight the foe With his own weapons, driving out the shapes With images of the Hebrew words and marks! O happy storms that kept me far from Rome And all her sinful worldliness and ruin! " One thing had Jerome cherished with much pride, The home he built for Roman virgins there E ' en in the heart of Bethlehem, the scene Of her great trials who led the way, the Queen Of those who fly the pleasures of the flesh, Mary the Virgin Mother of the Christ, Spouse of the Holy Spirit, pure, unstained, Daughter of God the Father, chosen by Him Alone of all the sinful race of Eve, To be His Mother, and remain as pure As driven snow, aye, purer than the snow, Than foam or what the petty mind of man Can fancy! Ah it was a glorious work! And Jerome loved to linger ' neath the shade 148 THE REDWOOD Of his thrice holy sanctuary. Thus he called The convent of his building. Well he might For it was builded in the Holy Place Crowded with holy virgins of renown, Paula, Fabiola and Eustochium, The fair Marcella and the maiden true To her inspired name, Agnella; she Like others of the convent had forsworn The wealth and honors of imperial Rome. Again that home was holy by the vows Which bound the inmates to the God of Love, Those triple chains of gold that bind, yet free The soul of man ; they bind it to the Heart That burns with adoration and with praise, They bind it to the holy Virgin ' s heart That beats with love for God unknown to man. Ah ' tis a sacred bondage, holy, pure, — And yet it frees men from the envious clutch Of the great Dragon that would fain devour The human race thro ' base voluptuousness. Thus Jerome felt the shade of pride when he Looked out upon the holy convent walls, And in his heart he felt a strong desire. To visit his loved daughters in the Lord, For one was sick, dear Paula, but the storm Prevented him and he retired to rest, — In hope that God would keep her thro ' the night In hope, and more than hope, that if she died It would but be the passing of a saint, A passing from the outward show of things To the Eternal Mansions of the King. And so when morning broke from out the East And all the tempest had abated, ' ie THE REDWOOD 149 With staff in hand and anxious heart, — Anxious he was for his dear daughters ' sake, And truly they were daughters in a sense That far transcends the tie of flesh and blood, Begotten in the Lord and to the Lord Offered unstained, pure lilies, spotless pure. Such is the fruitfulness of holy love, — So Jerome went to see the dying nun. The road that led from out his humble hut Was erstwhile honored by the Holy Three, What time they found no lodging in the inn And sought for shelter in a wretched cave; For Jerome, when he left tumultuous Rome, Had chosen for himself a hut nereby The consecrated Manger of the Lord And built his convent nigh unto the Town Where God ' s own people found no room for Him, As if he said: Come, Lord, thou ' lt find a home In Bethlehem today, a home thou lovest, Within the hearts of all these holy nuns! " As if he said: ' O, Virgin Mother, thou The Queen and Guide of virgins ' tis but meet That here, where thou didst sanctify the ground, We build a home of consecrated love, A home of virgins, who would share with thee The sacred gift of purity unstained, And clothed with the white robe of innocence And decked with jewels of God ' s most holy grace Walk onward in the path which thou didst tread. " These thoughts held revel in the breast of Jerome, And when he came unto the convent walls He stopped and gazed; — a tower of David hemmed On all sides with the mystic shields; strong fear I50 THE REDWOOD Of God, seclusion, silence, love and prayer, Obedience to the rules and poverty. And what was shield and priceless jewel in one. Angelic chastity, the gift of Heaven. These were the battlements; within the walls There dwelt an army of fair Roman maids. Fair in their outward aspect, fair within. Partakers of that beauty without stain That found first home in Mary ' s Virgin heart. He entered filled with reverential awe As one might feel, who entered to the realms Of God, where bliss supernal reigns. His first thought was of Sister Paula who Was knocking anxious at the doors of death For two long weeks, ' Svhich, " as she said, " were years. Because she longed to be dissolved, and go. Into the bosom of her Heavenly Spouse. " But now as Jerome knelt besi de her bed, A cloud of anguish lowered o er her brown And tears were in her eyes, nor could she speak. When first her father entered to her room. " My child what grieves thee? " Jerome asked, the while He took her fevered hand within his ow n, " Is it that thou art still an exile held By shackles of the flesh on earth, that thou Dost grieve? " ' Nay father, " answered she ' mid tears " It is not that; but even now as sleep Sealed all my senses, I have deamed a dream That troubles me and makes my spirit sad. " " My daughter, dreams are empty fantacies. But shadows of the thoughts that fill the mind Ere we in sleep repose, but still, my child. Relate thy dream, " said Jerome full of love. THE REDWOOD 151 And Paula from her dying couch replied: " Methought, dear father, that I passed away Into the other world, and lo! a field In glory brighter than the mind can feign, With crystal streams and founts of gold In lustre wonderful, and near the streams, On either side, fair flowers grew of shades And hues most wonderful to see, and there Were lilies, wondrous bright and roses red, And all about and too and fro fair maids In chorus walked and sang and bowed to her. Who in this Eden reigned their Queen, all clothed In white, and round her throne twelve stars And neath her throne a crescent moon, and crushed Beneath her feet a serpent lay quite dead. I gazed and then the virgins decked in white Entuned a canticle unheard on earth, And culling flowers they placed them lovingly At her blessed feet who reigned among them Queen. Methought I tried to pluck a lily, — I A wretched, sinful woman, " — and she wept, — I tried in vain till one fair maid, a child. Did cull it for me and I cast it down In loving reverence at the Queen ' s fair throne. With that I woke. Now tell me, father mine, If thou canst tell, the meaning of this dream. " And Jerome answered, pondering all his words; " No need have I to tell thee that the throne Was hers who born a Virgin lived and died In stainless purit} , the Queen of Heaven, And that those maids who sang their canticles Were virgins who thro ' love for her essayed To imitate angelic purity. 152 THE REDWOOD And ' twas not thine to cull the virgin flower Of spotless white, because none claim that boon Who have not lived from birth in innocence; And thou wert once a pagan; but the rose, The deep red rose of sacrifice and love, Such as the Magdalene has culled, is thine; Thine too the privilege, which but few can claim To have thy daughter cull the lily white. Tears came to Paula ' s eyes; she wept to think That she had stained the robe of innocence. And Jerome noticed death ' s cloud lowering o ' er Her sainted visage and he called the nuns To say the prayers which he had once composed For circumstances such as these. They came And gazed upon their mother sinking fast; And she essayed to calm them, with the words " I go to build a mansion for you there Where tears and sobs and miseries ne ' er come. Weep not, my children; pray that God may deign To blot out my iniquities and clothe My soul with his supernal light. " At this The saintly Jerome brought the Sacred Host And Paula bowed, while all the sisters knelt In reverence to th ' Eternal God, Who came Hid ' neath the Sacred Species of the Mass. When she received her Savior in her breast, A heavenly glow of fervor lit her face. She smiled and reaching out her hand She grasped at something, no one could say what; But when, a moment after, death was seen To move his pallid hand across her face, A lily, pure and stainless might be seen, Held in her folded hand, and no one dared THE RKDWOOD 153 To touch the flower of Heaven, the gift of love, Love that had conquered earth and all earth ' s wiles,— So Sister Paula died. And ah such death! So glorious what is ofttimes held a grief! It was her prayer to die where Christ was born And where the holy Virgin tended Him. But all the convent felt the heavy loss And all the sisters mourned and fell to prayer, Like children weeping for their mother snatched Away by death, when all seems dark to them; Like children and not like them, for the nuns Felt that they now had one more saint in Heaven, A saint among the saints who reign with Christ. And when they placed the lifeless body nigh Unto the altar steps they wept and prayed; Some weeping for the dear nun passed away, Some weeping that their exile was prolonged, And with a holy envy, envying her Whose course was run, whose fight was fought and crowned. And one there was the fairest of them all Eustochium the daughter of the dead, Eustochium maid, who left the pompous world And with her mother vowed to serve but Christ. Her virgin whiteness never touched by stain Grew rather day by day in lustre, and The sisters loved to gaze upon her face. So like a seraph ' s was it, as she prayed. But now they thought that she would pine awa} ' - And die of grief for her whom she revered With love twice filial. Fair Eustochium prayed And sought the silence of her humble cell; The sisters humored her for it was best. As thus she knelt in prayer and sobbed and sighed, 154 THE REDWOOD The Heavens opened and she saw a throne Of dazzling brightness such as human eye Could never dare to gaze on, but her sight Was strengthened. Round the glorious throne A rainbow like an emerald was cast, And there was God with His triumphant hosts Adoring Him and singing hymns of praise. There she beheld a troop of white-robed saints With harps that ec hoed to a canticle Which none but they could sing, a nuptial song, For they were virgin spouses of the Lamb. And lo! amongst them Paula crowned with light Smiled on her and she wept that she was held In bondage of the flesh and could not go With that white-robed battalion of the just. Thus she recounted later unto Jerome And he rejoiced to think that Paula had Been given place with spouses of the Lamb. And when in peace they buried Paula, he, His heart deep-touched with love, inscribed the stone ' Here rests a daughter of theScipios The offspring of Emilius Paulus, she Who traced her lineage to the kings of Greece And Rome; first she among the first In riches, honors and the applause of men, All this she left to live and die unknown At Bethlehem, the cradle of her King. " This done the saintly hermit sought his hut. For shades of night were lowering o ' er the earth, He sought his hut but could not sleep, his mind Was troubled with Eustochium ' s fair words, Troubled with that anxiety which comes To earnest souls. In restless love he went THE RRDWOOD 155 Out in the silent stillness of the night And stretching on the dull cold ground he gazed In ecstacy upon the stars that rolled Majestic o ' er his humble hut, and hymned In an excess of love these strains: " Sweet stars roll on; ye watch when mortals sleep; Roll on bright gems that deck the azure deep, And crown with light the birth-place of your God. Pure stars entune a hymn of grateful praise. That man may learn from you his heart to raise And thank the wondrous bounty of his God. Chaste stars that crowm the Heavens ' peerless Queen, O may the time arrive when there ' ll be seen On earth an army to outnumber 3-ou, An army of bright virgin spouses, all Encased with Heaven ' s armor ' gainst the fall That envious Satan fain would bring them to. " Then he retired full of holy thoughts; And Angels crowned fair Paula in the realms Of bliss undying, peace and love untold. SOPOHMORE. 156 THE REDWOOD MEDIAEVAL DEVOTION TO MARY The Middle Ages have been variously dealt with by various writers. In praise they have been called ages of enlightenment and preparation; in scorn, ages of darkness and ignorance. Perhaps the general opinion now current is similar to, if not identical with, what Saintsbury says of them: " Regarded with scorn as Ages of Ignorance they knew, what they did know thoroughly, w hich is more than can be said of some others. Commiserated as Ages of Misery, they were probably the happiest times of the world, put- ting Arcadia and Fairyland out of sight. Patronized as Ages of mere preparation they have accomplished things that we have toiled after in vain for some five hundred years. " Whether or not it is generall) admitted that we moderns have only " scrabbled on the doors of mediaeval literature " as Saintsbury further remarks, I cannot say; but it is certain beyond a doubt that the mediaeval intellect was for thought, pure and original, deep and broad, sound and logical. I deem this introduction and quotation advisable lest the pre- sent article be neglected with a sneer and an exclamation of sur- prise that the Middle Ages should be called upon to bear testimony in favor of the cult which might strike some as essentially Mediae- val. The names of Fulgentius, x nastasius, Ildephonsus, John Damascene, Alcuin, Bede, Gregory of Nicomedia, Peter Damian, Anselm, Bernard, Alexander of Hales, Albertus Magnus, Thomas Aquinas, Bonaventure, Duns Scotus, Raymond I ull} Bernardine of Sienna and a host of others have illustrated the Middle Ages from the sixth to the sixteenth century and, for actual intellectual work, no age is comparable to theirs. What our age would have been had not the Church of Christ produced such men, God alone knows; but we know that neither intellectually nor socially can we boast of anything that does not owe its origin to these same mediaeval thinkers. It is no small point gained therefore, if we can show that all of these men contributed their talents to secure the glories of the great Queen of Heaven, the Seat of Wisdom as they loved to call her. Virgins themselves in body and soul they naturally extolled the THE REDWOOD 157 virginity of M ary, and it is in connection with this great virtue that we would wish to cite them in corroboration of our general sub- ject; the fulfillment of Mary ' s prophecy; " all generations shall call me blessed. " The field is a broad one and for this reason we shall confine our- selves to but two phases of devotion to Mary; her dignity and the power of her intercession. We choose these especially, because on them is founded a Catholic ' s love for the great Mother of God. We reverence her because she is the fairest of all creatures, we pray to her that she may intercede with God for us, confident by reason of her position that her prayers in our behalf will be heard. The plan will prevent us from referring chronologically to those great luminaries, whom we have named above, and space will prevent us from mentioning all. The Mediaeval Fathers will appear at first sight to be almost excessive in speaking of the dignity of Mary; but they knew whereof they spoke and we hesitate not to quote them in all their enthusiasm. " Mary is of such an exalted nature, " says St. An- selm, " that every creature should acknowledge and revere her as their Queen and Mistress. " And John Damascene, going still further, writes: " Mary may be truly called the source of the foun- tain of life, the beginning of the beginning, because her Son is the beginning of all things. " And the eloquent Peter Damian; " What is grander than the Blessed Virgin Mary who contained within herself the Majesty of God? Bow down ye seraphim and acknow- ledge a dignity superior to your own: Nothing is above Mary save God alone, the mighty Maker of this His holy tabernacle. " St. Thomas, the great Angel of the schools, is more calm in his tributes to Mary, but he is as ardent an admirer as any. His philosophical mind made him proceed with a certain degree of log- ical caution; but he is by no means wanting in his love for Mary. From her he received his light and his inspiration; under her he merited to be so favored by the Eternal Son of God as to hear those consoling words: ' ' Bene scripsisti de Me, Thoma, ' ' " Thomas, thou hast written well of Me. " To quote one passage from many, he writes of Mary thus: " When God chooses men for any special work. He fits them for it, according to that saying of the Gospel: ' He hath made us fit ministers of the new Testament. " But as the 158 THE REDWOOD Blessed Virgin was divinely chosen to be the Mother of God, it is beyond a doubt that He through His grace made her a fit person- age for such an honor. Hence the angel said to her: ' Thou hast found grace with God ' .... Therefore we must conclude that the Blessed Virgin never sinned, that in her was fulfilled the saying of the Canticle: ' Thou art all pure, O m) love, and there is not a spot in thee? ' " Saint Bonaventure, speaking of the honor which is due to Mary ' s name has this: " To the name of Mary the honor not only of reverence, but of the highest reverence is due, because it is a name by which we address the Mother of God, a name which all on earth and all in Heaven venerate and respect. " We might continue quoting these great Doctors of the Church, these luminaries that have enlightened the world, who, like the early Fathers place Mary above the angels of Heaven, next to her Son in dignity, with something almost of the Godhead. " You[may praise Mary as much as you like, " says one " and pro- vided you do not make her equal to God, there is no fear of being excessive. " This is going very far, but the Catholic Church has ever allowed as much. It is what the immortal Dante had in mind when he said: " O Virgin Mother, daughter of thy Son; Of creatures all the lowliest, loftiest One, Term of God ' s counsel, fixed ere time begun. Our human race thou hast to such degree Ennobled in thy Maker ' s eye that He His creature ' s Child hath not disdained to be. " So much for the dignity of Mary as gleaned from the writings of the Middle Ages; her power with God is even more emphasized. " O queen, who can ' st whate ' er thou wilt, " says Dante, who is but echoing the teaching of the years that went before him. Mary ' s power of interceding for us with God is an essentially Catholic teaching; we believe that, just as on earth one man may pray for another, so the saints in Heaven may pray for us, with this difference, though, that the prayers of the saints are more efiicacious than those of men. For the same reason that saints have power in proportion to their dignity, Mary the Queen of saints, the Mother of God has more power than they. The fa- THE REDWOOD 159 mous theologian Suarez would have given all his knowledge for the merit of one worthy " Ave Maria. " Protestants of course think that this idea of Mary ' s intercession interfers with the Scriptural teaching of one Mediator between God and men, but the great Fathers of the Church, as will be shown, thought otherwise, and this may stand as a sufficient refutation of the objection, though it is not the intention of the writer to assume an argumentative tone in this article. We shall therefore without further remarks consider the teachings of the Fathers. Anselm has left us this wonderful say- ing: " God hath exalted thee, O Holy Virgin and hath given to thee all power: thy will alone can accomplish all things. " At first sight it may seem that the Saint endows Mary wnth omnipotence, but he has explained himself and his opinion. God alone is om- nipotent, but Mary the Mother of God has, in a certain sense, con- trol over that omnipotence. As on earth she brought about the miracle of Cana though the Savior ' s time had not yet come, so now in Heaven she retains her dignity as Mother of God, and if the mere remark: " They have no wine, " was sufficient cause for Christ to anticipate his time and to work His first miracle, how can He now refuse if Mary begs a favor of Him? But Anselm is not alone in that all but exaggerated language. ' We should venerate Mary, " says St. Bernard, " with all the power of our souls and with all the fervor of our hearts because God wills that whatever we receive shall come to us through his Virgin Mother. " And in similar spirit Saint Germanus, Patriarch of Constantinople: " No one will be saved unless through thee, O most Holy Virgin; no one will be freed from evils unless by thy intercession, O most pure Virgin. " All this seems, or may seem to some, excessive; but who was it that gave the Redeemer to the world? Who was it that led the way for the army of virgins that have since glorified God ? All hope and all comfort came to us with that Divine Child whose birth the Angels sang; but He was Mary ' s Child. From Mary we received the Savior, in Whom and by Whom we are to be saved; through her therefore the gates of Heaven were opened and no one but the morally blind will dare maintain that her power ceased at that. She was the Mother of God, she is and ever will be His i6o THE REDWOOD Mother, and as long as she retains that dignity, so long will our hope be in Christ through Mary. It is in corroboration of this statement that Suarez writes: " The Blessed Virgin not only in- tercedes for us but her intercession is most efficacious, or rather, I think that the Blessed Virgin exceeds in power not only all the saints taken separately but the whole court of Heaven; so much so that, if we could imagine the entire army of the blessed opposed to her in any request, the prayer of Mary would be of more weight than that of all Heaven. " She exceeds all in dignity, she is more pleasing to God than all others; therefore, her intercession is more powerful. Saint Bernard is an enthusiastic client of Mary and he would seem to have been fired with an ardent zeal to spread devotion to her among all men. The following passage will illustrate his con- fidence in her intercession and his desire to see others confident: " Do you fear, O sinful man, " he asks, ' to approach the Father? He has given you a Mediator in the person of Christ. Do you fear His presence? He is your Brother in the flesh. He exper- ienced all the trials of life, in order that He might be merciful to you; but perhaps you still dread the majesty of Him, Who though man, is also God. If then you would have an adv ocate with Him go to Mary. The Son will listen to the Mother and the Father to the Son. This is the ladder of sinners; this, my greatest hope, this the reason of my trust. " Thus they have all thought, thus they have all written: but one more quotation from the honey -tongued Bernard and I shall dismiss my subject. The passage is admirable for its poetry, but still more admirable for its truth. " She is a bright and glorious star elevated above this broad and deep sea of earth. There she is shining with every virtue, guiding us through the way of righteousness. O thou, that know- est this earth to be an angry storm-tossed sea, turn not thine eyes from the light of that bright Star, if thou wilt escape the billows. When the winds of temptation blow% when thou dost strike against the rocks of tribulation, look to the Star, call on Mary. When on the swelling waves of pride thou art tossed about, or in the gulf of envy and detraction, look to the Star, call on Mary. Disturbed art thou by the savageness of crime, in darkness through the con- THE REDWOOD i6i sciousness of guilt, in horror at the thought of judgment, threat- ened to be devoured in the gulf of sadness and despair, turn then thy thoughts to Mary. In dangers and in troubles and in doubts think of Mary, call on Mary. Let her sweet name depart not from thy lips, hold fast to it at heart, and if thou wilt experience her power, follow along the path of her example. Following her thou can ' st not miss the right road, praying to her thou wilt never de- spair, thinking of her thou wilt not go astray. Under her protection there is no fear, under her guidance no sin, under her leadership no fatigue, and with her help victoiy is certain. Tis thus thou wilt experience in thyself how truly and how justly it has been said; " And the name of the Virgin was Mary. " John McEi ROy, A. B. 1 62 THE REDWOOD MARY MOST PURE, Why are the lilies white gracefully swaying Down in the vale? What with their scent-laden breath are they saying? What is their tale? Vying in whiteness, Gay in their lightness, Softly they speak as the zephyrs mild blow; Pausing and swaying, Joyfully saying, " Mary, White Lily, is pure as the snow. " Why are the stars in the calm heavens gleaming, Bright with their sheen? What in the depths of the night are they dreaming. Dreaming serene? Drowsily winking, Rising and sinking, This in their slumbers they whisper quite low; Fitfully gleaming, Peacefully dreaming, " Mary, the Bright Star, is pure as the snow. ' THE REDWOOD 163 What are the angels in heaven proclaiming, Fleet on the wing? Whom in their heavenly hyms are they naming? What do they sing? Melodies pouring, Still higher soaring, Louder and sweeter their songs seem to grow; Ever exclaiming, Ever proclaiming, " Mary, our Fair Queen, is pure as the snow. " Why do our hearts in our bosoms keep beating? What their desire? What is the strain they are ever repeating On their pure lyre? Throbbing with gladness, Knowing no sadness. Fondly they seem in a pure love to glow; Evermore beating. Ever repeating, ' ' Mary, Our Mother, is pure as the snow. " Richard A. du la Guardia, ' 08. i64 THE REDWOOD MARY immaculate: patroness or THE UNITED STATES The year 1846 teemed with importance to the Republic. On the thirteenth of May Congress at the instigation of President Polk voted money and men to urge on the unequal conflict with Mexico, which resulted in the acquisition of a large stretch of territory from the western limits of the Louisiana Purchase to the Pacific seaboard. In the midst of the excitement, during the same month and well nigh on the same day, a greater event passed off quietly and unobtrusively in the quaint old city of Baltimore, fifty miles distant. Few appreciated it, none felt that it was shaping out our destinies in a loftier sphere. For indeed if there is a Providence above, that watches over the affairs of mortals and causes the right He approves and the wrong He merely permits to converge alike to the accomplishment of His ends, we must admit that when He impels the authorized representatives of a people to turn to Him or to that which is intimately connected with Him, He has His own designs in the matter, and He is going to carry them through certainly and unerringly. At least so we may flatter a patriotic pride, when we look back and consider that the twenty- three Prelates of the country then in council assembled, deemed it their first duty to unite their voice with the swelling voices of Christendom in honor of Mary Immaculate, petitioning the Holy See that she should be declared in a special sense Patroness of these United States. On the twenty-fifth of January following their pious desire was granted and a formal decree emanated from the Congregation de Propaganda Fide. The fact in its isolation must surprise those not acquainted with what led up to it. Verily we Catholics are timid to a fault, we do not claim all that belongs to us, we defer excessively to the bias of the sectaries among whom we dwell. Sheer toleration elicits our gratitude, whereas we ought to emphasize a significant priority of possession. We are accustomed perforce owing to en- vironment to identify the land of our birth or adoption with Blue Laws and Knownothing outrage and A. P. A. vulgarity. We for- THE RE:dWOOD 165 get the glories the Church won here on this continent and within these borders long ere the Anglicans settled in Virginia, the Pilgrims in Massachusetts or the Quakers in Pennsylvania, we forget too that from Britain, the dowry of Mary, the natal soil of Duns Scotus, the chief defender of Mary ' s most illustrious privi- lege,— from Britain still faithful to Mary, came the Cabots,— from Spain, where the feast of the Immaculate Conception was cele- brated at Toledo under St. Ildephonsus in 667, came in his Santa Maria de la Concepcion the devout and intrepid discoverer Columbus, relying more on the appeals he directed nightly to his Heavenly Queen and MistrevSS from the decks of his vessels than on any skill of his own, — and from France came Cartier, Cham- plain, lya Salle, Marquette and a host of others who left in the names of our rivers, lakes and towns the memorials of their fervid love for her later so signally to favor their race and the world at gourdes. She greets us from among the Algonquins on the north and the Aztecs on the south, she has at home showered on our own kindred her graces with a lavish hand; vestiges of her benignity appear everywhere amidst us and roundabout us. This is her title to our fealty, — this inspired the Archbishops and the Bishops under the guidance of the learned and energetic Eccleston to offer her what was hers on many accounts. However let us assume rather the studied calm of history and enter more into details. A few salient points shall establish our thesis as to the extraordinary character of her predilection, begun so early and continued so long. I have mentioned already the Genoese mariner to whose per- sistent genius our former wastes are indebted for their contact with Europe and their civilization. If now the habitations of men dot the plains where roamed erstwhile the Indians and the buffalo, if now prosperity reaches smiling from ocean to ocean and from frozen zone to frozen zone, if now the hemisphere, an asylum for the afflicted of all climes, exults in a marvelously fresh, vigorous and compact strength, on him ultimately the credit of the whole redounds. He bore the brunt of sorrow and disappointment when he besieged court after court of sovereign princes and met only with scorn and refusal. He faced the perils of the vasty deep, — 1 66 THE REDWOOD he a foreigner in command of haughty Castilians whom he bent with difficulty to his will. He out on the high seas seven hundred and seven leagues from terra firma quelled a mighty mutiny that threatened both his project and his life. He unceasingly and un- tiringly for ten successive weeks in pathless waters buoyed up the hope within his breast that he would and should ! obtain the con- summation that he wished. The fate of millions reposed on his individual endurance; had he quailed for an instance or succumbed to the promptings of nature even in illness, the progress of man- kind might have been immeasurably retarded. But he did not; he understood what was required of him, and he performed it heroic- ally. I have often reasoned with myself whether such a phenomenon is capable of natural explanation. I care not to decide, and I should gladly hear the views of those of a keener insight into the motives of human conduct. Nevertheless an element that entered told powerfully on that enthusiastic soul and one might legiti- mately question his ability to have proceeded without it. The in- credulous may scoff and mutter of superstition, yet the past is past and they shall neither change nor remedy it. The common opin- ion is thus clearly enunciated by the Right Reverend Thomas J. Conaty of I os Angeles in his address to the Knights of Columbus, Oct. 12, 1904: " No ordinary man, " said he, " could have done what Columbus did. He was not a mere scientist, a mere navi- gator, but he was all that and more. He was a man of prayer and a man of faith. He loved his God, his Church, and his King. Through him God opened the gates of a new world to the op- pressed of all nations, and through him was preached to a new world the Gospel of Jesus Christ, and to the world of knowledge the beauty and truth of the harmony of religion and science . . . . . . Prayer was his great weapon, his one consolation, his public thanksgiving. He was tenderly devout to the Blessed Virgijt Mary. He achieved his work not by chance, but by calculation, and the light upon his pathway was from his simple faith in God. Count Lorgnes says: ' He who does not believe in the super- natural, cannot comprehend Columbus. ' ' Throughout his life, ' says Irving, ' he was noted for strict attention to the offices of reli- gion, observing religiously the fasts and abstinences of the Church. THE RttDWOOD 167 Nor did his piety consist in mere form, but partook of that lofty enthusiasm with which his whole character was strongly tinc- tured. ' " Note here how frequently the Virgin undefiled looms up in this wonderful career. When he arrived in the realms of Ferdi- nand and Isabella, it was the Convent of Santa Maria de Rabida and Father Juan Perez de Marchena, a member of the Franciscan Order, who were the then recognized champions of the miraculous immunity, —that tendered him hospitality. His own caravel out of reverence for that identical mystery he styled ' ' Santa Maria de la Concepcion ' ' as though his fortunes were safe under the custody of her who reversed the malediction of our kind. The charts he used had been sketched by Paul Toscanelli in the observatory of the grand St. Mary ' s at Florence. At evening tide to the ' ' Star of thg Sea ' ' he sang together with his crevv ' S, that success might crown their efforts. With a discreet sense of propriety which never deserted him despite his extreme ardor, he gave the island on which he first touched the appellation of " San Salvador, ' ' the next, though, the fairest and the loveliest of the group, he called " Santa Maria de la Concepcion. " A storm on the voyage back furiously menaced his achievement with oblivion; he himself vowed a pilgrimage to the shrine of Our I ady of Guadalupe, and his comrades with him vowed in common that at the first land they came to they would all go in procession to the nearest Church ded- icated to Our Lady. That was on the fourteenth of February, 1493, — on the fifteenth at the hour of the Salve Regina, a sailor descried the promontories of St. Mary ' s the southernmost of the Azores. The sixteenth found them secure in the roadstead, soon to learn from the Portuguese ' that the tempest which had raged for the last fifteen daj s was the most frightful ever known, and they marveled that so small a caravel could have lived through it. ' His immediate care was the fulfilment of the promise to the divine Protectress. Accordingly a contingent was dispatched to a her- mitage nearby w hich was dedicated to her, while he himself in- tended to repair thither later with the rest. A sad treachery ' de- feated his meritorious resolve, but it was registered notwithstand- ing by the recording Angel. After all this a remarkable clause in his will shall not 1 68 THE REDWOOD take us unawares, we quite expect it: " Item: When a suitable time shall arrive, he (his son and heir, Diego) shall order a church to be built in the island of Hispaniola, and in the most convenient spot, to be called ' Santa Maria de la Concep- cion ' y to which is to be annexed a hospital, upon the best possible plan, like those of Italy and Castile, and a Chapel erected to say- Mass in for the good of my soul, and those of my ancestors and successors with great devotion And in commemora- tion of all that I hereby ordain, and of the foregoing a monument shall be erected in said Church of La Concepcion in the most con- spicuous place, to serve as a record of what I have here enjoined on said Diego, as well as to other persons who may look upon it; which marble shall contain an inscription to the same effect. " He had sounded the keynote; future explorers were to catch up the joyous refrain and transmit it down the ages. Span we the four decades that have elapsed since he so venturesomely braved the Atlantic. The hitherto unknown, dreaded, sombre deep has been converted into the byway of nations. The Cabots, father and son, have penetrated to the mainland, Vespucci has crossed and recrossed, and the irreparable blunder gains currency, and Cortez too, and Ojeda, and Balboa, and Ponce de Leon, and Verazzani, and Magellan; each adds his own quota to the con- quests of his monarch, each,— for they are everyone of them docile children of Rome — each, I repeat, brings to the altar of the " Woman above all women glorified, Our tainted nature ' s solitary boast, " a homage and a service. Such I ween Not unforgiven the suppliant knee might bend As to a visible power; " and it is no flight of the imagination to conceive them exclaiming in accents akin to those of Chaucer, their contemporary: %ady thy goodness, thy magnificence, Thy virtue and thy great humility. Surpass all science and all utterance; For, sometimes, Lady, ere men pray to thee, Thou go ' St before in thy benignity. THE REDWOOD 169 The light to us vouchsafing of thy prayer, To be our guide unto thy Son so dear. " That was the spirit of their era, a relic of mediaeval chivalry and unprogressiveness, if you would, but none the less palpable fact. Some may regret it, correct it they cannot. A noble stream threads its meandering course through prosper- ous villages and farms, — the tribute of five monster bodies of water to the parent sea; along its banks on either side dwell a sturdy stock mainly from Bretagne, who, in their blessed region far from the turmoil of the strifes and upheavals and persecut ions that have convulsed and do convulse the abode of their remoter ancestry, cling fondly to hallowed traditions. Among them the good St. Anne works her countless prodigies and she presents them further- more her darling child, the little one she taught at her knee, as an earnest of her supreme affection. Notre Dame des Victoires and Notre Dame de Bon Secours, and Notre Dame des Anges with a thousand structures similar to them testify that the invitation meets with a generous response. The venerable Ville-Marie, nest- ling beside its mount, — " The City of the Mount, which north Of the great river looketh forth Across the sylvan sea, — " alive with the memories of those who labored there when every aboriginal maiden was a Mary, and every aboriginal lad was a Joseph, would alone perpetuate the worth of its pioneer colonists. With its wealth of religious and charitable institutions, the off- spring of the zeal admired so much and imitated slightly, it alone would redeem the fair fame of America from the accusation of a cold indifference or a colder philanthrophy. Thence issued the missionaries who evangelized our Eastern and Middle States, fer- tilizing them with an outpouring of their blood, a Jogues, a Bre- boeuf, a Lallemant, a Rasles; thence hailed the hardy voyageur who in his eagerness for souls neglected not the interests of science, and who probed the secret of the Mississippi, later to hold his place in the despite of bigotry in the halls of the Capitol; thence was nurtured their inspiration and their courage and their enterprise. Esteem therefore for him, who initiated the gigantic task on those barbarous shores, — esteem and praise for Jacques lyo THE REDWOOD Cartier, as he gazes on the lordly St. Lawrence that tenth of August, 1535! But lo! he has tarried beyond the prudent space; the primeval rigors of a Canadian winter close in and imprison him mid snow and ice. The Arctic chills the atmosphere with stormy gusts, while a dismal, dreary, eternal white mantles the once pleasing earth, constraining the trees to yield up their foliage and show naught but barrennesss and desolation. Scurvy contends with want for prizes and the twain gloat grimly over many a victim. The outer prospect is frightful, more frightful yet the inner pang, — to realize that one had toiled unsparingly in vain, to shut one ' s eyes in death with the thought that his master endeavor just within an ace of happy completion is to disappear from the minds of all irretrievably and forever, to reflect at the awful moment, when comfort is so imperative, that one shall be recalled by his fellow citizens only for his disastrous failure! Howbeit the loyal son of France seeks assistance at the door at which none knocked fruitlessly. Listen to a journal kept by a person of the company: ' Our captain seeing the misery and the malady thus spread sum- moned all the prayers and devotion. He caused an image in re- membrance of the Virgin Mary to be borne over the snow and ice and set up against a tree, a bowshot distant from our fort; and he ordered that, on the Sunday following, Mass should be celebrated at the said place and that all those who could walk both sick and well, should go in procession, singing the Seven Psalms of David, with the Litany, praying the said Virgin that it would please her dear Child to have pity on us. The Mass said and celebrated before the said image, the captain declared himself a pilgrim to Our Lady of Roquemado, promising to get there if it pleased God to permit him to return to France. " After a short interval a native communicated a cure for the distemper, a decoction of the leaves and bark of the white pine pounded together. ' The lucky patients swallowed the bitter potion, half-hoping, half-fearing, and soon they saw themselves restored to normal health. On the sixth of May when the sun had precipitated a debacle and released them from their fetters, they, having erected a cross with the arms of His Most Christian Majesty and the inscription: Franciscus Primus, Dei Gratia, THE REDWOOD 171 Francorum Rex Regnat, " Francis the First by the grace of God, King of France, reigns, " set sail again, but before they launched out upon the main, they beheld from the bulkheads the Rock of Quebec where in 161 5 Chaplain, the superior of even Cartier for painstaking effort and unflinching resolve, the inferior only of Columbus, was to sanctify his fortress and his administration with a chapel of the Immaculate Conception. They arrived at St. Malo in July, 1536. All they had done was secured. Who will dare deny that with their fate was bound up the fate of our huge cen- tral basin of the Middle West? At this precise date the marvelous apparition, accorded a lustre previously to the artless Juan Diego in the vicinity of ill- starred Montezuma ' s metropolis, was eliciting a startled admira- tion throughout the topics and conversions by the million. The enslaved copper-colored indigenes had one sincere friend, who in their universal bereavement blushed not to assume their form and feature. I et the ?z 5- therefore congregate on December the twelfth in the superb cathedral, and chant their rude airs and dance their rude dances; she who displayed such a maternal regard cannot but be charmed with their unsophisticated strivings to requite it at least inadequately. Let them merge with impunity the two fes- tivities, that common to the faithful of all climes and that proper to their own. It is their special prerogative. Non fecit taliter omni 7iaHo7ii, " She hath not done likewise for every nation, " she is their I ady of Guadalupe. And yet might we regale ourselves unreprehended from the table of their banqueting. Indeed scarce had the picture painted by angel artists on the rough tilma compelled the consent of the saintly Zumarraga to the behests of the Queen of Heaven mani- fested through her dusk messenger, then Cabrillo hied to Califor- nia, skirting its coast to Cape Mendocino and leaving behind him precious souvenirs of the influences that told on him in the islands of Asuncion and Concepcion, whereas Coronado pushed his way to the Gila and beyond nearly as far as the Missouri over the tract of the Xumanas, a tribe that on being interrogated by subsequent visitors in 1629 were found perfectly familiar with our doctrines. They affirmed that a young woman had taught them. Later it 172 THE RKDWOOD was learned that the venerable Maria Jesus de Agreda, Abbess of the Immaculate Conception, who ' through life had petitioned the Holy See to define clearly two points made de fide in our time — the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin and the Infalli- bility of the Sovereign Pontiff, ' had also in ecstacy visited New Mexico and instructed Indians there. ' The Jesuits that landed in Florida and then established them- selves on the Chesapeake, their ' ' Bahia de Santa Maria ' ' within the peninsula between the Rappahannock and the Potomac, sig- nalized as the spot of Washington ' s birth — had a s tronger incen- tive to court the blows of the savage tomahawks under which they eventually expired. They appreciated the vocation of their Society so remarkably assigned to it at Trent, when Father James Laynez, whom they had obeyed as their General, put forth his immense erudition to press the adoption of an exceptive clause in the decree on Original Sin, and he held the attention of the assem- blage for three hours, though languishing under a stubborn fever. And he triumphed. Thitherwards — after the flight of a generation — English brethren of theirs, a White and an Altham and a Gervase, were tending from Cowes, on the twenty-second of November, 1633 in the Ark and the Dove. The fury of the waves scattered the party, and the priests who were wtth the Ark ' united all the Catholics together in prayers and devotions to our Lord, to the Blessed Virgin, to St. Ignatius, and the guardian Angels of Maryland, con- secrating that province as a new votive offering to our Lady of the Immaculate Conception. ' The two vessels, meeting, ' glided peace- fully at last between the capes into the bay which the Spanish navigators named in honor of the Mother of God, but which was to bear the Indian name of Chesapeake. ' I will quote the author of the Relatio Itineris: " On the day of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the year 1634, we celebrated the first mass on that island (St Clement); never before had it been offered in that region. After the holy sacrifice bearing on our shoulders a huge cross which we had hewn from a tree, we moved in proces- sion to a spot selected, the governor, commissioners and other Catholics putting their hands first unto it, and erected it as a trophy to Christ our Savior; then humbly kneeling, we recited THE REDWOOD 173 with deep emotion, the Utany of the Holy Cross. " Their settle- ment on the St. Mary ' s, ' a bold broad stream emptying into the Potomac about twelve miles from its mouth, ' was St. Mary ' s, and the chapel they built St, Mary ' s too. " And, " writes the Protest- tant Bancroft, " religious liberty obtained a home, its only home in the wide world, at the humble village which bore the name of St. Mary ' s. " A co-religionist of his, the accurate Davis declares: ' L,et not the Protestant of America give grudgingly. Let him testify with a warm heart and pay with gladness the tribute so richly due to our early forefathers. Let their deeds be enshrined in our hearts and their names repeated in our households. Let them be canonized in the grateful re- gards of tlie Americans; and handed down, through the lips of a living tradition, to his most remote posterity. In an age of cred- ulity, like true men, with heroic hearts, they fought the first great battle of religious liberty, and their fame, without reference to their faith, is 7WW the inheritance not only of Maryland, but also of America. ' ' ' In Picardy fifteen years later a youth of twelve summers lisped the warm ejaculations to " The Mother Maid! The Maid and Mother free! " which a parent, Rose de la Salle, related to St. John Baptist, had taught him. At seventeen he enlisted with the band of Loyola, while at twenty-nine, ordained after the usual probation, he opened up his apostolate, — " The hero of a faith sublime He lived on earth — but not for time! " Thirty-one beheld him on his mission, having finished the journey of many hundred miles by canoe into the heart of the wilderness. It was in 1668 that he planted his cabin at the foot of the rapids of Sault Ste. Marie on the Michigan side. Removing thence at the beck of obedience to Lapointe, his yearnings and his sighs and his aspirations even from 1669 onward were directed to the " Father of Waters " about which in amazement be had heard so much from the Illinois. He had framed his project, but he re- signed it into the charge of her who, as St. Bernard asserts, abandons not her clients. Albeit the outlook cheered him not. The horrors of the incessant attacks and counter-attacks of the 174 THE REDWOOD tribes obliged him to retire with his dear flock before their fury. He waited till 1672 undismayed. Then — I quote himself — ' on the day of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin whom I had always invoked since I have been in this Ottawa country, to obtain of God the grace to be able to visit the nations on the Mississippi, Mr. Joliet arrived, ' with the franchise from the Count de Frontenac, the Governor. He employed the leisure between that and May 17th, 1673 in diligent preparation, that, ' if the enterprise was hazardous, it should not be foolhard} too. ' They have embarked, nimble paddles speed them to Green Bay, where, he informs us, ' I put our voyage under the protec- tion of the Blessed Virgin Immaculate, promising her that if she did us the grace to discover the great river, I would give it the name of Conception. " Up the Fox, by portage to the Wisconsin, down the Wisconsin, and lo! on the seventeenth of June, one hun- dred and two years precisely before the morn when Prescott with his thousand Continentals stood against the British on Breed ' s Hill, the boy of I aon who never dreamt that the piety which nurtured the infant glimmerings of his reason was to rear itself a monument acre peren7iius, — that boy, Jacques Marquette, now preaching peace along the route, lays eye on the smooth glassy expanse, the object of this expedition. Who will describe the fluttering emotions in his bosom, as in accordance with his sacred engagement he tendered it solemnly and thankfully, — it and all its possibilities! — to Mary, the Immaculate? We have no foundation for deeming that a prophetical fore- sight crowned the bliss of that moment, but we can be assured, had he conjectured that thriving dioceses and archdioceses would reach thence in unbroken series to the Gulf and that his own cher- ished Order should nearby in its temple commemorate Jesus and in its college commemorate him, while at New Orleans on the Delta the temple and the college both should everlastingly redeem his debt to the one that aided him so effectually, to Mary, the Im- maculate, — had he dimly suspected this, he might even then have acclaimed his Nunc dimittis. Yet no: the Kaskaskias require of him a station of the Im- maculate Conception, where they may worship in spirit and truth, foregoing their idols. He would second their wish. However, THE REDWOOD 175 though only thirty-seven an undermined constitution prognosti- cates the forthcoming dissolution. He hastens forward notwith- standing. On the fourth of December he steps on the site of Chicago, offering up a novena to the Immaculate Conception for assistance in his straits. By Kaster, having improved, he applies to the task among those neophytes and spends his waning vitality in catechizing them. Now death is upon him. He would not grapple with it, unfortified by the sacraments, — he ' who had im- parted them to such numbers. Accordingly, heedless fof protests, he essays a return, The end cannot be delayed. Like a Xavier he breathes forth his soul uncomforted and unattended. But he quails not even then. He pronounces ever and anon : " I believe that my Redeemer liveth. Mother of God, remember me. " Finally having confessed the children of the forest that surrounded him lamenting, he cried out distinctly: ' Jesus, Mary, " and passed to his reward on the eighteenth of May, 1675: " Thus he died the great apostle. Far away in regions west; By the lake of the Algonquins Peacefully his ashes rest; But his spirit still regards us From his home among the blest. " We have therefore discerned in discoverers and explorers and missionaries a unanimity little short of miraculous, in devotionjto the Immaculate Conception, — in Columbus and his successors, in Cartier, in Cabrillo, in Coronado, in White, in Marquette; it de- scends to us from the French of Canada and it moves northward and westward and eastward through California and New Mexico and Arizona and Florida and the Carolinas from the Spaniards of Mexico, while it crosses the Atlantic in the Ark and the Dove until it trains itself sweetly about the cradle of our religious lib- erty; islands and towns and bays rejoice in the storied name, but chiefest of all the liquid artery of the continent bears it proudly as it flows on majestically, spreading a bounteous plenty in its wake; without the courage gained from that devotion Columbus might have retraced his steps ere he approached Isabella or later turned his caravels home discomfited, without its propitious intervention Cartier might have filled an untimely grave at Hochelaga, without 176 THK REDWOOD its inspiration Cabrillo and Coronado were aimless adventurers, had not White and Marquette relied on it neither could have de- served mention, the one in the annals of social progress, the other in those of scientific exploration. But it displays its engrossing charms at an altogether unex- pected source: the First President, none other than the Father of his Countr3% though not a Catholic, honored Mary, and Mary as Immaculate. That remark of his, so just in its noble broadminded- ness, " I cannot honor the Son without honoring the Mother, " is no fancy. It rests on substantial authority. It was addressed to one who was later an Archbishop. Men of discretion have be- lieved it and the narrative was long current in Philadelphia. I shall but cite the words of an aged clergyman, acquainted with many who had known Washington personally and socially. He first recounts circumstantially that when he was eleven a Protest- ant lady of irreproachable character once retorted against him thus: ' Wa.shington belonged to our church, and he honored the Virgin. " The lad remained incredulous as he well might have done. She continued: " I tell you boy, " she said, " my mother often visited Mrs. Washington; and I myself saw a picture of the Virgin hanging in the President ' s bedroom. " Then he gives this fact: " I had the pleasure of dwelling for years with the Rev. Francis Vespre, S. J, . . . . and fully a dozen times have I heard him tell that when Rev. Ambrose Marechal arrived in Phila- delphia on his w ay to Baltimore (where he arrived June 24th, 1792) to be Professor in St. Mary ' s Seminary, being a man with letters of introduction from leading men in France, he was invited to breakfast with the President; that after breakfast going to the library — -which was the second story front room — to consult a book, it was necessary to pass through the President ' s bedroom, and Abbe Marechal, noticing a full-length picture of Mary Immaculate hanging at the head of his bed, expressed his surprise; when Washington answered: ' I cannot love the Son without honoring the Mother. ' .... I have read of this picture both before and since I wrote my articles. " There was then ample warrant, why the Fathers of that fortunate synod should have dedicated themselves and us to the Immaculate Conception, emulating the example of the virtuous THE REDWOOD 177 Carroll, the predecessor of all of them, — who, indeed, were it nec- essary , might also in his career supply us instances of strange co- incidences in this particular, consecrated as he was on the fifteenth of August, the feast of the Assumption, in the Chapel of Lulworth Castle under the invocation of our Lady, and arriving as he did at his see on the vigil of the Feast of the Immaculate Conception, December the seventh, 1790. But I forbear. Let the cantors, therefore, after the Te Deum, stand richly coped at the foot of the altar and intone first the acclamation to the Most High God, then to burst forth into: BeatissimcB Virgini MaricB sine labe originali conceptcE harum Provinciarum patronce honor ceternus! ' To the Most Blessed Virgin Mary, conceived without original sin, the patroness of these States, honor everlast- ing! " That is her prescriptive right among us. Junior. 17 THE REDWOOD GRATIA PLENA Though dull earth ' s vapid vapors rise From quagmire and from slough; Anon they fall from laughing skies As sparkling gems of due ! Turbid and gloomy the ascent Through misty shades of eve; At morn they fall all redolent And clouds of incense weave. An image this of our poor sighs, — The vapors of our sin; Turbid to her bright throne they rise, But come to us again Rich-laden with the gifts of love ' Neath the smile of her fair face; For is she not enthroned above As the Virgin full of grace? J. C. ' 07. THE REDWOOD 179 THE BLESSED VIRGIN AND ENGLISH POETS An immense field has been assigned to me, varying in tints and abounding in every beauty. From it I am to cull flowers of one particular kind, and binding them as it were into a lovely gar- land, I am to offer it to the great Queen of Heaven. It will, I know, be an offering quite unworthy of the Immaculate Virgin, still she, like her Divine Son, does not consider so much the gift as the love of the giver. Much has been written in verse since the dawn of English liter- ature; much too has been written on Mary. From Chaucer to Milton, and from Milton to Tennyson, our poets have not deemed it unworthy of their genius, though many of them were Protestants, to praise the glorious Mother of God. But I have chosen the nine- teenth century alone for my purpose and I think the general read- er will understand that this particular note, love for the Virgin of virgins, did not and could not have come suddenly into existence. From the nineteenth we may judge of the preceeding centuries, though the truth of the matter is that Chaucer, Dunbar, South- well, Crashaw, and Cowley have been more earnest in their admir- ation of Mary than any modern writer. Still, for brevity ' s sake, I shall stay in the nineteenth century. This period cannot be de- scribed as superior in point of excellence to the ages that went be- fore, yet it was more prolific than they. The peculiar characterist- ic, however, and the one that influences me in taking it in prefer- ence to the other periods, is this; though most of the writers were non-Catholics, and some even of doubtful morals, we find the sweetest tributes to Mary that could be desired by her most admir- ing clients. In many cases this is the outcome of admiration rather than of love; but the fact remains true that even during the nineteenth century, — when, especially at the beginning. Catholics were accused of Mariolatry, of adoring Mary as the pagans adored their idols, — the glories of this great Woman have been proclaimed even by men from whom we could not expect so much. It is a strange trmth, and whether its cause lies in the fact that the more i8o THE REDWOOD enlightened wished to protest against the accusations hurled at Catholics by the prejudiced, or whether it be the natural tendency of man to praise and revere real greatness wheresoever found, I shall not attempt to determine. It is sufficient for my purpose to state, that the praises of Mary have been sung by England ' s great- est poets. It is difficult to know just how to show the truth of this, without becoming monotonous, but the symposium system appeals to me most and I shall follow it. I cannot of course quote all the poets, nor of those from whom I quote, can I give entire passages. This would be a lengthy process and, in a degree, useless, because these passages have been frequently mentioned before. Useless, in fact, it may seem to quote at all, but as the series of which this paper is a part would be incomplete without some special reference to the nineteenth century, and as there is a certain satisfaction in seeing the words of the poets placed side by side, I shall gather here and there some of the sweet flowers of English verse and binding them together make my offering to " Our tainted nature ' s solitary boast. " For this purpose the poets may be divided into three groups. Southey, Coleridge, Wordsworth, Scott, Byron, Moore, Shelley, all writers of the first half century, will form our first group; Robert Browning, Tennyson, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Christina Rossetti, William Morris, Edwin Arnold, John Keble, Byron Procter and Coventry Patmore, writers of the latter part of this age, will comprise group number two; and Newman, Faber, Aubrey de Vere, Griffin, Father Russell, and Alfred Austin, all Catholics, will compose the third group. To these we could add some American names, as Longfellow and Poe, together with a number of less celebrated writers, but the list is long enough and we must remain within due limits. The student of English Literature will notice that we have mentioned nearly all the poets of note and may be tempted to ask: " And it is true that all these have contributed their share towards the fulfillment of Mary ' s prophecy? " If this be true, it will surely strike some as a fit illustration of our Savior ' s power to cause stones to cry out in praise of the things of God. Not that I wish in any way to compare these gifted poets to stones; but the first THK REDWOOD iSi and second group are composed mainly of Protestants; and Protes- tants, as a rule, are adverse to Catholic devotion to Mary. I shall begin with Southey, according to whom the Blessed Virgin is ' ' A maid more beautiful than tongue Could tell or heart conceive. Of human race, All heavenly as that Virgin was, she sprung, But, for her beauty and celestial grace Being one in whose pure elements no trace Had e ' er inhered of sin, or mortal stain, The highest Heaven was now her dwelling place, There as a Queen Divine, she held her reign, And there in endless joy forever would remain. " I am tempted to quote further from the same poet but space forbids. What I have given is a lovely tribute to the Mother of God, a review of her prerogatives, a manifestation of confidence in the power of her intercession. True, the poet is but relating the practices of others, but he could never have related them with such feeling of devotion were he not persuaded of their beauty and sublimity. Coleridge has not, as far as I could ascertain, written any original piece on Mary; but he has translated a sweet little cradle hymn from the L atin. Here it is: " Sleep, sweet Babe, my cares beguiling; Mother sits beside Thee smiling; Sleep, my darling, tenderly. If Thou sleep not Mother mourneth Singing, as her wheel she turneth. Come, soft slumber, balmily. " The passage is not, as I remarked, original; but the spirit is there, the spirit of admiration for the grandest of all earthly pic- tures, ' Mary nursing the Creator of the world. " Still it is one thing to admire beauty and another to feel and to appreciate it, Wordsworth seems to have had a touch of this appreciation when he wrote: " Mother, whose virgin bosom was uucrost With the least shade of thought to sin allied; Woman, above all women glorified. i82 THE REDWOOD Our tainted nature ' s solitary boast; Purer than foam on central ocean tost; Brighter than eastern skies at daybreak strewn With fancied roses, than the unblemished moon Before her wane begins on heaven ' s blue coast; Thy image falls to earth. " Without concerning ourselves with the concluding lines of this magnificent sonnet, it seems almost incredible that Protestant Wordsworth could have struck such a Catholic note, but it may be, as Newman says, that he was at heart a Catholic. If so, that ex- plains the matter as nothing else can. It also explains the fact that, not content with this sonnet, he has written other pieces of like merit, such as his " Eady of the Snow, " and the ' ' Nun ' s Well; " but we are forced to dismiss these without further comment, in order to give place to Byron ' s beautiful tribute: " And thou, O Virgin, Mother, Daughter, Bride Of the same Lord, who gave to you each key Of heaven and hell, and every thing beside, The day thy Gabriel said ' All Hail ' to thee, Since to thy servants pity ' s ne ' er denied, With flowing rhymes, a pleasant style and free — Be to mv verses, then, benignly kind, And to the end illuminate my mind. " Moore can hardly be placed among Protestant poets: he was not a Protestant, neither was he a satisfactory Catholic, but he was a true bard. His praises of Mary have a peculiar Irish flavor about them and Irish flavor is Catholic devotion. So Catholic in- deed is his Mary, Star of the Sea, " that it finds place in our de- votional hymn books. Let us quote the opening stanza: " When evening shades are falling O ' er ocean ' s sunny sleep, To pilgrims ' heart recalling Their home be3 ond the deep; When, rest o ' er all descending, The shores with gladness smile And lutes, their echoes blending, Are heard from isle to isle Then Mary, Star of the Sea, we pray, we pray to thee. " THE REDWOOD 183 The idea of the Star of the Sea is an old one; " Ave Maris Stella, " a beautiful Eatin hymn was written far back in the Middle Ages, and St. Bernard has left us a beautiful picture in prose on this subject. He compares the earth to a tempestuous sea and re- presents the Blessed Virgin as a brilliant star giving light and com- fort for the seafarers, the exiles of earth. But this is trespassing on other fields. Shelley, our next poet, would naturally be the last in all our literature to whom we would go in search of passages on Mary. He has, however, a sublime invocation in his " Epipsychidion " that can refer to her alone. Some have doubted the actual reference to Mary, but the words have no meaning unless applied to her. What else, for instance, can ' ' Sweet Benediction in the eternal curse, " mean if not applied to the Immaculate one? I shall quote the entire passage in all its granduer: ' ' Seraph of Heaven, too gentle to be human, Veiling beneath that radiant form of woman All that is unsupportable in thee, Of light and love and immortality; Sweet Benediction in the eternal curse; Veiled glory of this lampless universe; Thou Moon beyond the clouds; thou living Form Among the dead; thou Star above the storm; Thou Wonder, and thou Beauty, and thou Terror Thou Harmony of nature ' s art; thou Mirror In whom as in the splendor of the sun All shapes look glorious which thou gazest on. " The last four lines remind one of those verses in the canticle which have been applied to Mary by the Church: " Who is she that cometh forth as the morning rising, fair as the moon, bright as the sun, terrible as an army set in array? " With this I have completed my first group. Much more could have been quoted, but quotations tire. It is, however, sufficient to have shown that most of the early nineteenth century poets, the writers who revolutionized the songs of England, who broke loose from the shackles of the eighteenth century classicism, have raised their voices to sing the praises of Mary. When we pass to the i84 THE REDWOOD next group we shall find more enthusiasm, because perhaps there was less prejudice; but I am not analyzing the causes; my inten- tion is to show the facts. Robert Browning and Alfred Tennyson are commonl} ' - called the two great poets of the latter half of the century, and it is a pleasure to find that both of them have written and written well on the glories of Mary. Listen to Browning: " There is a vision in the heart of each Of justice, mercy, wisdom, tenderness, To wrong and pain and knowledge of its cure; And these embodied in a woman ' s form That best transmits them pure as first received, From a God above her to mankind below. " And Tennyson in his " Mariana in the South " has this, among other equally beautiful and sublime passages of Mary: " ' Mother, give me grace To help me of mj weary load. ' And on the liquid mirrow glow ' d The clear perfection of her face. " Elizabeth Barrett Browning, who according to many critics stands first among the female poets of England, has left us some very touching strains on the Blessed Virgin. The one which ap- peals most to us is entitled; " The Virgin Mother to the Child Jesus. " It is a lullaby full of tenderness and love expressing in a high degree the sentiments of Mary ' s heart. The holy Mother is represented as saying: " Sleep, sleep, mine Holy One My flesh, my Eord, what name? I do not know A name that seemeth not too high, or low, Too far from me or Heaven, — My Jesus, that is best " Dante Gabriel Rossetti ' s tenderness to Mary may be accounted for by his Italian tastes. It may be that his passionate love for the beautiful, which won him a reputation both as a painter and as a poet, induced him to glorify the fairest of all creatures, the Queen of Heaven, in such passionate strains as this from his " Ave. " " Hear us at last, O Mary Queen; Into our sh adow bend thy face. Bowing thee from the secret place, O Mary Virgin full of grace. " THE REDWOOD 185 We must perforce omit John Keble, and I ewis Morris, and Procter, and Coventry Patmore, and hasten on to our third class, at the head of which we shall place Aubrey de Vere. His lines on Murillo ' s picture of the Immaculate Conception are poetical and devotional, full of ecstatic admiration and praise, full of wisdom and truth. Here is the concluding address to the Immaculate One: " Child of Pleaven, The first born, save thy Son, iu those decrees. The Elect, the Immaculate, the Full of Grace Which, for that Son ' s sake, fenced thee from His foe; Foam-born from seas of sanctity alone; Tested in all the sanctities of God, And home — that six days ' work as yet unwrought Above the heaving crests of things to be, A gift predestined, but a Gift reserved; Say, must that foot which treads yon waning orb. Descend one day to earth? It will not catch Her taint; but, where it treads, those other feet. Will leave ensanguined prints, the feet of God. " I should like to supplement this passage by selections from other Catholic poets and from the host of Irish writers; but their writings are known to abound in tributes to Mary. Without further comment, therefore, I must conclude this hasty survey of what the poets of the nineteenth century wrote and thought of Mary. Many whom I have mentioned were Protestants; for were I to include Catholic writers as vvell, my list would exceed all bounds. I should have had to quote from Gerald GrijBBn, Newman, Faber, Alfred Austin, and the innumberable Irish Bards from Clarence Mangan down to Katherine Tynan and the sweetest of them all, because a most devout servant of Mary, the Rev. Matthew Russell, S. J„ but my space forbids. I have mentioned the men who are of universal renown in the world of letters. They have eulogized Mary and that is what I wanted to show. « EUGKNK IVANCOVICH, ' 07. i86 THE REDWOOD IN ST. PETER ' S FIFTY YEARS AGO Now that the Catholic world is celebrating with such enthu- siasm the Golden Jubilee of the Definition of the Immaculate Con- ception, it is but natural that we go back in fancy to the celebra- tions on the original occasion itself. Natural also is it that we take our stand in the city of the Popes, and their basilica, where take place, as Macaulay says, the most august and affecting cere- monies known among men. Let us then, for a while, join that great throng of visitors who were allured to Rome from the most distant regions by the festivities of December 8th, 1854. It is a sullen, cloudy morning, but all Rome is gay with the sunshine of an interior, heartfelt, spiritual joy. For a long-wished- for day has arrived; to-day the Immaculate Conception is to be defined. Throughout nearly nineteen centuries the children of the Church have cherished this doctrine as the apple of their eye, and though enemies have arisen from within and without to assail it, it is now to be placed beyond the reach of attack; it is to be made an article of faith. Peter shall speak in the person of Pius; he shall bind forever the subject minds and hearts of his world-em- bracing empire, and his binding shall be ratified in Heaven. All Rome is en fete. As the Ephesians of old celebrated the Divine Maternity of Marj so now the Romans celebrate her Immacu- late Conception, with songs and canticles, with illuminations and every possible demonstration of heartfelt joy. St. Peter ' s basilica is the center of attraction . From its altar, above the tomb of the Apostle, his two hundred and fifty-fourth successor will pronounce the momentous decree that shall decide with infallible authority the question which has occupied the highest intellects since the dawn of Christianity. St. Peter ' s is indeed v orthy of such a celebration. With what mighly events of history is this wonderful basilica connected! It is the heart of Christendom; it is the place where the Prince of the Apostles sealed his faith with his blood, and where his sacred ashes repose: it is at once the occasion and the monument of the great religious upheaval of the sixteenth century, and the conse- THE REDWOOD 1S7 quent Catholic revival; it is the temple that has resounded to the acclamations at the inauguration of thirty popes; it is the inspira- tion of the painter and sculptor and the theme of the poets ' song. " Thou stand ' st alone with nothing like to thee! " Military and civil pomp lend their aid. The vast piazza di San Pietro is transsected by lines of brilliantly-attired Pontifical Zouaves, while the church itself is aisled by the Swiss Guards. The basilica is now filling up in its every angle, and in all its tribunes, which rise above each other around the great piers, up to the level of the balconies. The aisles are thronged with people who never reach as far as the places marked on their tickets. At length the great gates are closed and thousands seek admission in vain. There are yet many minutes of waiting, but patience here is hardly a virtue. If one gets tired of his devotions, he has but to look, and still look at the magnificence around him: " Rich marbles, richer paintings — shrines where flame The lamps of gold. " The rich marbles of the pillars are concealed under crimson velvet, heavy with embroidery of gold and silver. The costumes of many lands are seen in the vast congregation of this world- church; the sombre robes of the friar are in contrast with the gay dress of the courtier; the quiet tints of England or Germany bring into relief the brilliancy of Naples or the gorgeousness of the Orient. Just above this multitude, from the richly-decorated tribunes wherein are gathered learning, nobility, beauty and cul- ture from every nation on earth, the ambassadors of great kings and republics gaze upon a spectacle which only the Eternal City can present. Still upward the eye wanders, over masterpieces of painting and sculpture, until it reaches the dome, " the vast and wondrous dome To which Diana ' s marvel was a cell. " It is a canopy brought down from Heaven by angelic hands to enclose the tabernacle of God with men. At the sight of this airy embodiment of glory, beauty, and majesty insensible indeed is he in whose mind there arise not thoughts not given the tongue to tell. i88 THK REDWOOD There is a sudden movement among the people, a quick drawing of breath — it is only a dignitary in flowing robes, or an officer or two in shining corselet. No! he has not yet come whom all are awaiting. The suspense is getting more and more strained, until he, who, in a very true sense, is the manifestation of God ' s presence amongst men, shall end that suspense with his coming. At last the procession enters from the Vatican side, and waves upon waves of applause roll over that living sea of humanity. Two hundred dignitaries of the Church are in that solemn array, glittering in purple and crimson and gold. There is Neumann of Philadelphia and Bourget of Montreal, both of whom will some years hence die in the odor of sanctity; there is Bouvier, the great theologian of I emans; behind him and walking side by side are Dupanlous and Ketteler, afterwards so celebrated in the Vatican Council. There is the Legate Bedini, driven from American shores by Know-nothing fanaticism; and there also is the iron-willed Hughes, the mighty antagonist of the Know-noth- ings, and their conqueror; there, a short space apart, are two bishops from antipodal dioceses, Walsh of Halifax and Folding of Sydney; there is the stately McHale, who is even at this moment perhaps revolving in his mind that tender Gaelic poem, where he will sing of the Immaculate Conception. The purple is now suc- ceeded by the cardinal, and behold! before us is a galaxy of names that will forever stand out prominently on the pages of history. Renowned theologians, skillful diplomatists, ascetic doctors, con- fessors of the faith, sweep by before our bewildered eyes have time to mark them all. There is the restorer of England ' s ancient hierarchy, the versatile Wiseman; there is Bonald, whose knowl- edge, like Jacob ' s ladder, stretches from earth to Heaven; there is the spiritual-faced Gioacchino Pecci — mark him well; he will be known to the end of time as the lumen in coelo, Leo XIII. Behind the cardinals, and borne aloft on the sedes gestatoria, is a white figure with hands extended in benediction. It is Pius IX, the loved father of his people, the vicar of Christ. His coun- tenance beams with the goodness of his fatherly heart, and he i s evidently moved at the genuineness of the cheers which roll on during the progress along the armor-gleaming avenue, and never cease until the sacred ceremonies begin. They are cheers warm THK REDWOOD 189 from the heart, the spontaneous voice of a multitude, as of many waters flowing unconfined. The mass begins. The Kyrie is chanted; the Pope intones the Gloria in a clear, sonorous, voice, and it Is caught up by the choir stationed in the dome two hundred feet above. How the flood of melody enthralls the seUvSes! The strains sweep along, now rising and falling like the sough of the wind, now gathering strength and swelling into an outburst that fills the vast dome, and then floating away bearing the souls of the listeners with them to Heaven. The epistle and gospel are read, in I atin first, then in Greek. And now the moment has arrived when the Church shall hear the voice that has been commissioned by Christ to " teach all the nations. " Cardinal Macchi, an aged confessor of the faith, advances be- fore the pontifical throne, accompanied by a Greek and an Amer- ican Bishop. In the name of ClirivStendom, they address a final petition to the Sovereign Pontiff and ask him to define the doc- trine of the Immaculate Conception. All fall on their knees, car- dinals, bishops, priests, and people, to pray for guidance from the Author of light. The Holy Father intones the Veni Creator and a chorus of fiftj -thousand voices responds. All again is hushed and the Pontiff stands erect on the Chair of Peter, with a docu- ment in his hand. Ah that document! what thought it must evoke in Pius ' mind! it is the flower of nineteen centuries of devotion to the spotless Mother of God; it is the trophy won after ages of contest; it is to be forever a shining landmark on the far- stretching plains of the history of God ' s Church. Perhaps he sees also in prophetic vision the rock of Lourdes softened by the grati- tude of Mary, and pouring fourth that mysterious water which, more potent than the pool of Probatica, shall " make whole of whatever infirmity they lie under " hundreds not only of Mary ' s children but of the heretics and infidels as well. Thoughts and feelings of no slight import, we may be assured, occupy the supreme Pontifl ' s mind and heart, for as he begins with the monu- umental words ' ' Ineffabilis Deus ' ' .... his voice trembles, and his eyes are large with tears. The emotfon of the Holy Father is shared in by the people; strong men, and men too not of our faith, are weeping silently. I90 THE REDWOOD The impressiveness of the moment is emphasized by the boom- ing of cannon from St. Angelo ' s, and the distance — softened peal- ing of bells from the three hundred churches of Rome. Even Nature itself is moved, and is not behind hand in paying its tribute to the Mother of its Creator. For the sky, which has hitherto been overcast and gloomy, now at the opening words of the decree, clears up with startling suddenness, and the church is lighted with a mellow radiance that gleams along the marble, and sparkles from the gold, and reveals the stories portrayed in the windows; and — oh most sweet and touching of all! — a ray falls pure and white from one of the windows and illumines the snowy hair and venerable features of the Pontiff as he reads. H. OSWAI.D, ' 07. 1 eM md. PUBI,ISHED MONTHI.Y BY THE STUDENTS OF SANTA Ci ARA C0T.I,EGE The object of The Redwood is to record our College Doings, to give proof of College Industry and to knit closer together the hearts of the Boys of the Present and of the Past. EDITORIAL STAFF EXECUTIVE BOARD Martin V. Mkrlk, | sp?dli - - - President Gerald P. Beaumont, jspedai - Vice-President Michael R. O ' Reilly, ' 06 - - Business Manager John W. Byrnes, ' 06 ... - Secretary George Casey, ' 07 - - Assistant Secretary associate editors Ralph C. Harrison, ' 05 Micheal C. O ' Toole, ' 07 Rob ' t. Y. Hayne, ' 08 Francis Floyd-Jones, ' 07 assistant business managers Angelo Quevedo, ' 05 Joseph Curley, ' 05 Thos. Leonard, jiJSdli R. A. Hicks, ' 07 Address all communications to The Redwood, Santa Clara College, California Terms of subscription, 1 2. 00 a year; single copies, 25 cents. EDITORIAL Ol VL JUBILEE NUMBER This present number of the Redwood is an humble tribute of love to the great Mother of God. The occasion, the fiftieth anni- versary of the dogmatic promulgation that announced to the whole world her Immaculate Conception, called for something special and we endeavored to respond with all love and reverence. Un- fortunately we have not been able to rise to the sublimity of our 192 THE REDWOOD theme; but the consolation of having done our best is ours and we are satisfied. Our Catholic readers will, we feel confident, wel- come the endeavor, as they never welcomed Redwood before. The Immaculate Virgin Mary is so intimately connected with our notions of religion that without her we would feel quite unsafe. We love to approach the Son through the Mother, because the Son came to us through that same sweet Virgin Mary. How the generality of non-Catholics will regard our efforts we cannot say, though we think that the more common sentiment will be similar to this of Hawthorne: I have always envied the Catholics their faith in the sweet, sacred Virgin Mother, v ho stands between them and the Deity in- tercepting something of His awful splendor, but permitting His love to stream upon the worshipers more intelligently to human comprehension through the medium of a woman ' s tenderness. " As for ourselves, gladly would we have written more, and in characters of gold, on a theme so consoling and so exalted. We began with a hope that we might " build a lasting monument ' ' To brook the tooth of time and reach adown The Ages, " but though we failed to rear such a monument, we have done our best. And so, humble though our tribute be and most unworthy of thy dignity, O Immaculate Virgin, we make bold ' ' to cast it down In filial love and honor at thy feet. 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A practical knowledge of Shorthand serves as a stepping-stone in commercial life, as the steno- grapher is brought in direct contact with the principal of the concern, and is therefore afforded every opportunity for advancement. ADVICE FROM SUPREME COURT REPORTERS Co imibOm It fHaV 0nC mt An answer to the numerous inquiries as to the best college to attend for the purpose of acquiring a practical knowledge of short- ♦ hand, we take pleasure in advising our friends and acquaintances desirous of perfecting J themselves in this most useful art that Gallagher-Marsh Business College, No. 1382 t I Market Street, San Francisco, CaL, is the one to attend for such purpose. t Very respectfully yours t ERNEST A. GIRVIN J Iv. A. WASHBURNE X W. J. NICHOLSON t Official Reporters Supreme Court, State of California f NOTE-— In the face of the foregoing recommendation, can you afford to take ♦ the chances of going elsewhere? I Combination Course Embrasing: Shorthand, Ty ping, Book- I keeping, English Branches, Penmanship, Btc. | Six Months 50. J t Send for Catalogue. J t f THE REDWOOD I Young Men ' s Furaisliifigs I And the New Fall Stjdes in Heckmear, ijosierp and §hves | tig men ' s Suits aM ffals ® ® Now on Exhibition at f Santa lara, 0a3. 5$» Safe Deposit Vaults OF THE San Jose Safe Deposit Bank The Fire and Burgular Proof Steel Vaults, Guarded by Time- Locks, and Watched Night and Day, afford Hbsdlute Safety « Private rooms provided for the use of customers. Separate rooms for ladies Steel Safes of Large and small sizes to rent at moderate rates. I THE REDWOOD I M Business Crainina i ; If you want a business education, attend a school J whose teachers are experts in " their particular line of y ! work. The most practical and up-to-date methods H of teaching are Gregg Shorthand and Ellis Book- J % keeping. Call and talk the matter over with UvS. » I San 3o$e iu$iiie$$ College I £ Seeotid nd Sail Fertiatido St$«» San Hlose I The School that gets Results W. BOUCHER, Prin. " Established 1881 Telephone Main 34 Jl I U I RALEY COMPANY I GBNBRAIv COMMISSION MBRCHANTS I 4|i 4 4 ;g Headquarters for Bananas 84-90 N. Market Street, San Jose, Cal. % I THEATRE JOSE | 1 hom: of poi,it:e itaubeyiI I B SJ 60-68 South Second Street, - - . - San Jose J I Catering U Eddies and ChiMnn I |i ONE MATINEE every afternoon. Doors open 2:30. Admission loc to any part J of the house; children under 12 years 5c, except Sundays. Evening performances 7:45 % and 9: 15 sharp. Admission, orchestra circle, 20c; balance lower floor and entire balcony IOC. I To Get a Goofi Feii M iiife I H GET AW HI KCTM.3:C Guaranteed to be as it onght to be. If it should not prove to be that ■- we will be glad to exchange with you until you have one that is. ' " g manicur: tooths, ra pors il Guaranteed the same way. If you wish to shave easily, and in a hurry, get a Gem Safety Raa;or. The greatest convenience for the man who shaves himself. rx t THE JOHN STOCK SONS, t iK Tiuners, Moofers and Plumbers f Phone Main 76 71-77 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. ) THE REDWOOD i ■ i I [1 . O. Mccormick, Passenger Traffic Manager, San Francisco fjl [1| T. H. GOODMAN, General Passenger Agent, San Francisco. ([j 1 I I I 1 . J If going East secure choice of Routes, of limited trains and tourist excursions by calling on nearest agent So itKern Pacific PAUL SHOUP, D. F. P. A., San Jose THE REDWOOD «T. F. SOURISSEAU " Badges asid lass pittis M Si eciaHty 69K South First Street, ban Jose, Cal. Highest Price Paid for Old Gold and Silver. Phone Blue 203 Our Free Delivery is at your Service Phone John 341 1 and We ' ll Come BINGHAM BANTA COIVXJMBIA BICYCI :]© AGi NCY Cyclers to the People 174 South Second Street, San Jose. Stiidettts CMhltig! It ' s of a different style from regular lines and with us a specialty. That ' s why we have such a big trade amongst the stiidents. Come and see. Carmichael, Ballarls k Co., Outfitters tor all Mankind I 55.61 South First Street SAN JOSE Established 1875 Phone West 462 i GEO. W. RYDER SON JEWEI ERS AND SII VERSMITHS The most extensive and complete stock of NEW Fine Goods. 8 South First Street, Safe Deposit Building:, San Jose, Cal. I. RUTH GROCERIES AND DELICACIES (Kifiat s and Cobacco Franklin Street, - - Santa Clara Cal. BATHS I AUNDRY OFFICB THE OAK SHAVING PARLORS I J. D. EI I IS, Proprietor I Barber to tB e College 1125 Franklin street, next to O ' Brien ' s, Santa Calra THE REDWOOD £Pi ' r9i r9iUr9i- r9i . .., . . . . . . . ... .., ._ p| CHAS. A. BOTHWELL •5 WATCHKS AND JI5W:EI,RY i Repairing at Right Prices 5 Old Gold Taken in Exchange 112 South First Street, San Jsoe ii .DJJ S. D. ZARO. J. A. PETRTNOVICH I I Dealers in HARNESS and BICYCLES " Harness Repairing ■ --v- — — — , .,. .. -... . - -.. -. . . .., -..,....- -.. Bicycle Repairing SANTA CRU AV NUB, LOS GATOS, CAI,. Wholesale and Retail Meats I D Overlatid Restaurant « -igff, .. ?y?!? !.5!? ' ' yf-. ' r • iC Telephone John 821. 29 North First Street, San Jose, Cal. 4 I WILSON ALLEN- « I I I I f I WA ' O ' ' O ' OT ' O wnoiesaie ana JKetau ivieats : ' • A» irS irSriiflS. Bonemeal for Chickens Ground to Order f Best Equipped Market on Earth ' £ UNION MARKET | I Announcement i I i -» .... J. AJ stands at the head of its class and the world over is recognized as the acme of jj perfection. ?- ' I , ?: Estimates furnished on all classes of work, large or small. When you need J: { printing you need a PRINTER— we are " it. " Respectfully , THE NACE PRINTING COMPANY J | ESIRES to announce that they have just added a MIEHLE CYLINDER PRESS € to their already well equipped establishment in Santa Clara. The " Miehle " ?) ' £ We have also lately doubled our working space, which now covers an area of 2300 p3 - square feet. You are respectfully requested to call and inspect our new quarters and up-to-date machinery. " r NACE PRINTING COMPANY . Phone Clay 574 Santa Clara, Cal. £ f(c • r 5 S b " »i ' 9i ' r«i r " r« THE REDWOOD ' ' y:rSh ' ' kk ' ' -9 ' ' Ur ' ' Mr9 ' UrPiUr8 iUrPi ' kkPi ' - 9-iUr ' ' i AYRES yrw .« . . oiiege 733 Market Street, San Francisco. The leading business training school. The only business college in California that secures positions for graduates and keep them in employment. One 3 oung man from near Santa Clara is emplo3 ed in the San Francisco National Bank, another stenographer for the Union Iron Works, and another with Wells, Fargo Express Company, and other of your acquaintances in similar positions. Let us do as much for you. We have been established eighteen years. Write for catalogue. B. R. AYRBS, Manager. I A " Bad " Tangle. Do you ever notice when reading, especially at night, that the letters seem all tangled up, at times blurred and indistinct, then clear again? This appearance is not an alarming symptom. It is simply nature ' s warning that the eyes are overworked, and that they must soon have rest or help. Heed the first warning. A little glass aid when first needed may save much loss of time and money and possibly prevent serious trouble. We fit glasses to relieve all strain and to give easy, comfortable vision. If you want the best optical work— the kind that will stand a guarantee of e;nTIRK SATISFACTION— come to us. :eXAMINATION FREB Dr. Geo. B. Pratt Dr. B. K. Kerr OPTICIANS Hours 9 to 5 16 North Second St., San Jose Evenings by appointment MODERN DENTISTRY Every modern device that can possibly make the best results easier for our patients is liberally supplied in our office equipment, facilities that insure expert dentistry, the kind that save tmie, trouble, pain, teeth and monej Painless dentistry; first-class work; moderate charges. A written guar- antee given. PRICKS: Gold Crowns, Porcelain Crowns, Bridge Work. Set of Teeth $5.00. Gold Fillings, $1.00 up. Silver Fillings, 50c. PAINI,E;SS extraction 50c Consultation free. I ady attendant. Testimonials on file. Teeth ex- tracted free when plates are ordered. I STERLING DENTAL CO., 26 South First Street Phone East 302. German spoken. DR. MAX WASSMAN, Manager THE REDWOOD 3 mm ki S® ©pfler I Smart Clothes FOB. THE Good Dresser We announce the arrival of our new Fall Suits and Overcoats. We have paid particular attention to the wants of the College Student. Sole JIgetats for San 3ose e:al. i?e IISIC mask Books } We have the largest and finest stock on the Pacific Coast. When in need of Music, why not order from us? usiu! fmtmments M j Kverything in the music line, Violins, Guitars, Banjos, Mandolins, Boston " 3 " Star Cornet, Brass Instruments, Strings, Etc. Our own manufacture — 50 years on the market. A thoroughly well-made reliable piano at a reasonable price. Also sole agents for Chickering, Vose, Sterling and other pianos, and Apollo Master Player. 9 BEN J. CURTAZ SON 16, 18, 20 O ' FARRELL ST., CURTAZ BUILDING, S. F. BRANCHES— San Jose, Fresno, Alameda, Stockton, Palo Alto. THE REDWOOD t . . A Have you ever experienced the convenience of a ? I Ground Floor Gallery? g e , ... . 9 41 N. First St. San Jose Special Rates to Students and Classes Newest Designs in Mounts Pop ©ar dlGB ar d I(5G ©PQarri Tl at ©aqnot bo E:??:©ellod SA] XA C1UA51A i The Most Elegantly Equipped fc Fotograf Studio in the City, r I Delivered in Santa Clara and All Parts of San Jose. THE RKDWOOD E. H. GUPPY SON HOLIDAY BOOKS, FOUf TArN PENS nSSJE WRSTiNG PAPERS Telephone Red 322 31 to 35 East San Fernando St., San Jose J. O. ROBINSON PHARMACIST Pierce Block Santa Clara, Cal. A. Zellerbach Sons- Imp rto vs attd Beaiers m I Paper, Twines and Cordage m Telephone, Private Exchange 14 m i 416-426 Sansome Street, San Francisco M THE REDWOOD % i I C. H. PHUPOT Co., Props. :©. J. KAPLAN, Manager | I OLYMPIC ARMS CO . i ♦ ♦ ■ I Sporting Goods of Every Description % I The Right Goods at the Right Prices I I Give Us a Trial i 8oi Market Street, Cor. Fotirtli SAN FRANCISCO J. K. DAVIS BI ACKSMITHING and CARRIAGE WORK HOaSiSSMOiEiNG A SP:eCIAl TY Below Postoffice Santa Clara, Cal. J. J. Dkvinjs B. J. DOUGHERTY resh €gg§ asid Butter a Specialty Satisfaction guaranteed and patronage solicited lyowest prices 52 Post Street, San Jose 1 THE BUNGAI,OW SAN MATEO, CAI,. (Property of JOHN PARROTT, ESQ) Devoted Exclusively to the Breeding and Training of High Stepping Hackney-Bred Harness Horses WALTER SBAI,Y, Manager. THE REDWOOD ■ mjiliLlUl ' ll]iilJ■J■tl!i ,ul!!li . mli !iIi!t lllLiii; p.■lll iiilllli|iiiiilil)jUiiiillillliMi!liltlMa ill!kl!nillllliiHiillililimtllllll mtillfclHii0ja " Redw ood 9f Subscriptions are respectfully solicited from the old boys. Rates of Suibscription, $1.50 a Year santa " cTara coi,i : G:e Santa Clara California Santa Clara College THE PIONEER UNIVERSITY OF TIIE PACIFIC SLOPE This famous institution of learning, which is in charge of the Jesuits, has a reputation even in Europe for the completeness of its equipment and the thoroughness of its instruction. With most complete and appropriate accommodation in every department, and a full staff of professors, the institution offers uncommon ad- vantages for the mental, moral and practical training of j oung men and boys. FUI I, PARTICUI.ARS MAY BE OBTAINED BY AddrEvSsing the . - - Rev. R E. Keniia, S, J. Santa Clara College Santa Clara, . _ - - California BUY YOUR,..--«a mm ipYi m yk lA TO mfAl f 1 AQ For the Holidays from the store which carries the most reliable goods and sells to everyone at the same fair price. RUCKER-MADSEN CO. Next to Victory Theater, San Jose, Cal. THE REDWOOD i|llhi!)lltlllmilliai|imltfihiii|iAllW l ' l| il)i lii ' ' lll iJ ' Htlii};iii Painless ISxttactioa Changes Reasonable BR. H. O. F. MEKTON Telephone Grant 373 Office Hours— 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. Rooms 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Bank Building, over Postoffice Most Modern Appliances Santa Clara, Cal. LOUIS ONEAL and O. D. RICHARDSON ATTORNEYS AT LAW Phone Main 94 Rooms 16-20 Auzerais Building, San Jose m rp vM d Boldstcifi % Co Costumers Decorators and Tlieatrical Supplies 733 Market Street, opposite Grant Avenue, San Francisco Telephone Main 1615 cue largest ati Host Complete Costiime If OMse on tl e Coast Official CostuEiers for all Theaters in San Francisco, l os An r eles, Seattle and Portland, also Furnishers for Santa Clara Passion Play, Bohemian Cltib Open Air Festivals and Floral Carnivals on tlie Pacific Coast. nelson ' s Studio ' ■ ' " ' - " - " " ' » ' ' - Newest Wne in Photographiy and Amateur ' s Supplies I I Phone Clay 421 Il j3 FrattUlIti Street, Seatts Clara rrii|j||pn»rii|[;pn7? mii|ip " i:(Jjn ' " i ' " Mi]j[piiii.TU|Ti)i iii!fpiiiiiii]W|ii!hi|5ifi|)ii,;iif;ir iTii)j ;iniTT:Br:,; .TTrtr. ::w-: ; I ' v:;! -tvx tt? . ' :!?»fTiTi; THE REDWOOD ( The Big Store J. J. GILD E A CO. With Little Prices We Make a Specialty of Young Men ' s Smart Clothes Cut and made up on the same lines as our Higli Grade Men ' s Suits and Overcoats. There is a tone character and ii]dividualit5 to them that are to be found only in garments — made to measure by swell merchant tailors. Call and See Our Superb I ine Priced at 12.50 to $zo . GILDEA CO- 1028- 1030 Market St., between Powell and Mason Sts., San Francisco, Cal. FRANK j. SOMBRS, Manager. WM. H. HANBRIDGE, Engineer Century Electric Co OF SAN JOSE -s ' " Sole }leen s ler General £leetrie motors Dernst Camps and California Catnps Pumicing PlafiQt$ i?o SOUTH MARKET STRl BT, SAN JOSE PSONE JAMBS 9X THE REDWOOD FOSS HICKS Co . No. 45 West vSanta Clara Street vSAN JOSK. Investments A select and up-to-date list of just such properties as the Home-Seeker and Investor wants. NSURANCE— Fi e, Life, and Accident in the best Companies The Fullest Information Regarding All Lines of Business. Osborne Hall Santa Clara Cat. Cottage Syslcm A private Sanatorium for the care and training of children suifering from Nervous Disorder or Arrested Mental Development. Under the personal management of Aetrim Edgar Osborne M. D., Ph. D. Formerly and for 15 years Superintendent of the California State Institution for the Feeble Minded, etc. Accomodations in seperate cottages for a few adults cases seeking Rest Cure and treatment for drug addictions. Rates and particulars on application. Mr ) 1 1 ?M v v rs r v lM v .% 1M THE REDWOOD AGENTS- ' James A. Bannister Company Geo. G. Snow Co. Ho-Ka $3.50 Shoe HOFF KAYSER POPULAR PRICE SHOES 95 South First Street San Jose I C. p. Cunningham ; Successor to J. B. I,ampkin " 78 South First Street, San Jose. -1 ■ Men ' s Furnishings City Attorney Ivos Gatos, Cal. R. F. ROBERTSON ATTORNEY AT LAW Seaside Store, Santa Cruz S. I,KASK Santa Clara and I,os Gatos CROvSBY I,EASK 276 Church Street N. y. OFFICE Telephone James 5446 45-46 Auzerais Block, San Jose, Cal. Crosby Leask Dry Goods and Men ' s Wear » »e«e««»t) 0 " a ' » »» ' a«»«« THE REDWOOD i ..«Me»»»« " « " «a " " «-e " a " «» »« " «»c» «»» « " ' ••••••••••••••••••••u«i«« »e»e»»«««i«M«»eM«. Meua..a.. " O- " ' •••••••• •• ..• ••Hl. of- Santa Clara. Groceries and Provisions Teas, Coffees, Flour Tinware, Agateware Feed, Potatoes Glassware, I amps, Crockery Fancy Canned Goods Wood and Willowware J. W. BI,ACK, Proprietor CxAI L EM BMOS. Fictisre Framisig 27 Grant Avenue San Francisco, Cal. | H. E. WILCOX D. M. BURNETT ATTORNEYS AT LAW Rooms 19 and 20, Safe Deposit Building San Jose, Cal. A. J. RHEIN JEWELER 15 West Santa Clara Street San Jose. Cal. C THAT IS IN U ' R HAT ikK JOSE,CM A eiit for tlie Ceietorateji Knox Hat Telephone Black 393 T, MUSGRAVE CO. Watchmakers and Manufacturing Jewelers | 2995 Sixteenth Street, San Francisco Class Pins, Medals and Sodality Pins made to order. Designs Furnished .«-«.. «..»..«..«..»..»..».,«,.»„«..»..a„,„,„ „ .. „,.,,„,„,„ „ ,,„ „,.,,.,p.. ..,, ,.g„ „g„,„,„,„g,. , „,„,„,„,. „,,, „,„g THE REDWOOD niniiEnisEsimisinniiessHiiininnmniiiinnsiniuitEninHnsnsnssssnissEissisiiHiongHiiSHiiiisiiiHHnsniiiH I T. W. HOBSON CO. I Grand Creditor ' s Sale is attracting immensely. We must raise lots of cash and our prices are doing it. If any male member of your family needs anything in the cloth- ing line now ' s the time. We invite the attention of all mothers to inspect our Boys ' and Children ' s Department. Prices cut in half on all Sailor and Blouse suits. Startling reductions on every garment. Cold weather is coming on. Better lay in a supply of clothing while this wonderful sale is in progress. T. W. HOBSON GO, AT THE BUSY CORNER First and Post Street, San Jose, Cal. E Bicycle Repairing: Spotting- Goods | Camot Oemnociy THE) WGHT AND YAE BICYCLES Baseball, Tennis, Golf and Football Supplies E Phone Black 975 69 South Second Street, San Jose | nUIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIill!llllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllimilllirililllllllllllllllillllllllltI!l!IMilllllil!llilllllll!l!!llllllimillllllllllR THE REDWOOD i The Big New Store J. J. GSLDEA CO. With the I ittle Prices = fc.. We Make a Specialty -OF- Boy ' s and Youth ' s Clothes | The entire second floor of our Palatial new store is heavily stocked with a peerless line of Young Men ' s College Suits and Overcoats, cut -™,; on the same swell lines as our Men ' s Clothes 1 and priced at lower figures than ever named for ' " ' " ' : ' like high class goods. .,. OUR SHOW AND FURNISHING DEPART- --w MENTS — You ' ll find headquarters for the best 0 ' ' class of goods ever placed on sale in this city. Will Pay Yon to ' Oet to know Us ' I J. J. GILDEA 00. i 1028-1030 Market St., between Powell and Mason Sts., San Francisco, Cal. If You Want tlie Best Ask For « SILVER BELL FLOUE FAMMBMS UNIOH, Bi tribMtor® SAN JOSE, CAL. S Phone 151 East J. H. SULLIVAN PLUi emG, GAS FITTING AND TmNING Repairing Promptly Attended to Ivatest Double Gear Samsou Windmill 70 East Santa Clara Street, San Jose Res.— N. E. Corner St. John and Third Sts. Come on llCollege Brand Clotlies Furnisiiings, Hats and Leather Goods TJYou know ' If it ' s from Roos it ' s all right ' RODS BROS. Kearney at Post San Francisco - ;nsmniii!!ii!3!3!3snnssEi3iiHii3nssHmi3Sin)Si3sinisin8iinniiinHinnniniiiin(iHniniiimii!iinitMiiii!ni!iimiiii!iin THE REDWOOD yollarid Vpt Stopo IPietupos ar d F iet ' upQ Prarr irig HoTJis© Pu.pr|is]qir|gs, IPair tii g aqd F apopir g Opposite Postoffiee, Saqla (Slapa MANUEL MELLO Dealer in All Kinds of Boots and Shoes Telephone Clay 544 1084 Franklin Street, Pierce Block, Santa Clara F. A. ALDERMAN STATIONJ RY, BIyANK BOOKS, ETC. CIGARS AND TOBACCO All Kinds of Fountain Pens Next to Postoffiee Baseball and Sporting Goods Santa Clara Fishing Steamers U. S. Grant and Henrietta A. PAI ADINI ' S MARKET, 520 Merchant Street A. Paladini, Proprietor Branch at Spreckels Market. O ' CONNOR SANITARIUM coNDUCTED jBY SISTERS OF CHARITY Training School for Nurses In Connection Race and San Carlos Streets SAN JOSB, CAL IWe-w ainfi Klegant I»arl©rs M.educe Mates to Students aiBici Societies We make a SPECIALTY of getting our work out PROMPTLY, and it is all finished here. Take the elevator at the Dougherty Building, No. 85 South Second Street. OM F Ot S opuA INSURANCE KATJO SOIMAVIA Santa Clara A, PALABIHI - " - t Wholesale and Retail Dealer in all Kinds of m Fresh, Salt, Smoked, Pickled and Dried Fish THE REDWOOD 4 REV. fathe;r j. m, cassin, ST. ROSE ' S CHURCH Santa Rosa, Cal., June 3, 1904. George mayerle — Dear Sir: I received the glasses yesterday. I am much pleased with them, aad think your bill moderate. I inclose the amount, and remain; yours sincerely, J. M. Cassin. George Mayerle ' s Eye Water A perfectly harmless and effective remedy, makes weak eyes strong, diseased eyes well, Rest tired eyes Price 50c. By Mail 62c. If 3 ' our drugg:ist does not keep it order direct from George Mayerle, 1071 Market street, San Francisco George Mayerle ' s antiseptic eveglass cleaners, 2 for 25c. A WARNING TO THB PUSI IC When wishing to consult George Mayerle, the German Expert Optician, 1071 Market street, regard- ing the condition of the eyes, avoid mistaking the place by looking for the name ' ' Gi ORGB MAY: RI; " on the v indow EISFOR: BNT: RIErG. Phone Joksi 1231 COFF: : E.OASTBS.S T A IMPORTERS WM. McCarthy co. TEAS and SPICBS 373 West Santa Clara Street San Jose, Cal. IVIILLARD BROS. Books, Stationery and Fountain Pens 25-27 West Santa Clara Street San Jose, Cal. Full Dress Suits a Specialty Established 1SS9 JIngwim tb tmhr LEADER OF LOW PRrCES All the Latest Novelties Direct from Mauufactiirers Suits to Order $13.50 to $35.00 Pants to Order 3.50 to 10.00 JInqmm the Great Wholesale ZsUer ' •° ' ' ■4f sou?r§ ring St. 39 S. Second Street, San Jose THE REDWOOD 1 M- Byer$«11l€l1lal)oii £o Western Me i Company Monarch and Golden Gate Brands Canned Meats, Bacon, Hams and Lard i| Hides, Pelts Tallow, Fertilizer, Bones, Hoofs, Horn, Etc. r- - I i« 3 s49 SoMtfj IHarl et Street, tm F®st, San J se | Telephone Brown 1611 fa I THE STORE THAT SAVES YOU MONEY I I Citiokum and IIBindow Sfia es I |! Carpets gleaned and Kelaid ilpl 0l$teritig f 3 C. F. Swift, President I eroy Hough, Vice President and Treasurer W. D. Dennett Secretary Directors— C. F. Swift, I eroy Hough, Henry J. Crocker, W. D. Dennett and Jesse W. I ilienthal St So CAPITAI, PAID IN $750,000.00 §1 |3 Pdrk Pae!;ea-$ and Sl i s ers of f I Dressed leef, mutton and P$rii I t Packing House and Stock Yards Distributing Houses South San Francisco, San Mateo Co. , Cal. San Francisco, Oakland, San Jose, Sacramento Cable Address SXBFAST, San Francisco •SJ Codes A I. A B. C. 4th Edition t € GBN RAIy OFFIC: : Sixth and Townsend St., San Francisco | jS John Roll, President John D. Keller, Secretary and Manager I Gttkrpmt Manufacturln§ Co. Incorporated 1900 % Manufacturers and Dealers in All Kinds of €a$tliigs 0! irass and Iron " $ We have a Complete Equipped Machine and Blacksmith Shop Forbes Cultivators, Power Spray Pumps, Orchard and Packers ' Supplies a Specialty ' S I ALL ORDERS GSVESM PROMPT ATTEIMTION | •To . Telephone Black 1482 327-347 West Santa Clara Street, San Jose, Cal. j THE REDWOOD Duck Motor Cycles Bic3 cles, New or Second Hand Expert Guaranteed Repair V ork f All Kinds of Sundries and Supplies go to J W. F. BRACHER, looo Franklin Street, Santa Clara Si M. SHIRLE, Dealer in BOOTS AND SHOES III South First Street Sau Jose, Cal. KBNKM S FMAMMACY Eastman ' s Kodaks and Supplies 1038 Franklin Street, Santa Clara . Telephone Grant 47] SPECIALTIES Celebrated " Renown " Brand Baking Powder Coffees Green, Roasted and Ground. Direct Importers of Teas Ruby Red Brand of Corn Strictly Pure California Olive Oil Pure Beeswax Candles Plain and Ornamental Stearic Acid Candles All Sizes Charcoal, Incense Eight Day Sanctuary Oil Wicks, Etc. .J.RANKIN Co. iMiporters and U3hoU aU 15 Pine Street, San Francisco Phone Main 1340 r F ROLL BROS. Real Estate and Insurance Phone North 60 Santa Clara, Calif j, THE REDWOOD t t 3 } i C Cf 3! i 3i 3i }fMj it£ Sf ( AA ' tieeler ' s Restaurant % Tamales and Oysters G. H. WH ' nni ' ' y Cate rer Corner Third and Santa Clara Streets San Jose, Cal. Padfic Haimfactiirliig Company w go Dealers Tn lUdiilditigs, Doors and lliindows Oe eral 112111 W vU Tel. North 401. SANTA CIvARA, CAL. Office Hours — 9 a. m. to 123m. and i to 5 p. m. Phone White 961 St. Luis Building DR. T. M. CARMICHAEL DENTIST 115 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. TING GOODS Football Supplies Athletic Suits and Uniforms 3 538 MARKET Factory — 34 Second St. San Francisco %( C £ ( C C C ( (: C C C C : C C t C C C Cg3£ C C THE REDWOOD I i ARE YOU GOING TO PLAY W i Ls t Ln Ean ■ 2 i We Have Just What You Need. JERSEYS AND SWEATERS Quality — the Best. Prices — the Lowest. YOU SELECT THE COLORS-WE DO THE REST OUIl MII.I,S ARB THB I ARGBST IN TH© ¥ EST fiTBITr iyfTT?T " " ' ' ' " ' ' acWitiiB -aamgmaBiFe rf ' vanmrrvirnrm " iyantJier mattemQ: o POST STREET SAN FRANCISCO, CAI,. °S S Sr° All the lyatest Styles in HATS OVERCOATS SUIT CASES CI UB BAGS ETC. Exclusive Patterns in BUSINESS SUITINGS TUXEDOS FUI,!, DRESS ETC. Mm B Robsoii 39 WEST SANTA CI ARA ST., SAN JOSE. CAI IFORNIA §1 CgC C t C C 31 ( C ( ( C C C C C C C£ £ i: £ C C Cg3£ ) Thk Light of thk World (Poem) - - Sophomore 193 The Mystery of the Incarnation - M. C. O ' Toole, ' 07 194 Christus Natus Est (Poem) - J, Earl Seaton, ' 08 201 Mr. Santa Ci aus, Jr. - - M. V. Merle, tin. Spec. 202 A Star in the East (Poem) Gerald P. Beainnont, Jim. Spec. 203 The ANGEI.S ' Song (Poem) - Richard de la Guardia, ' 08 206 Yui,E-TiDE and the Poets of Merrie Engi and Ralph Harrison y 05 207 Our Immacui,ate Queen (Poem) - - - - - 212 The Making of a Tiger Gerald P. Beaumont, Jun. Spec. 214 The Prince of Peace (Poem) - Eugene Ivancovich, ' 08 222 Editorial — Our Greeting 223 College Notes 225 AuLD Lang Syne -------- 233 In the Library 234 Exchanges 234 Athletics 237 Nace Printing Co ii NLOiv!f ' ' v Santa Clara Martin V. Merle, Author " The Light Eternal. " Entered Dec. iS, go2, at Santa Clara, Calif, as second-class matter, under Act of Congress of March j, 1879. Vol. IV. SANTA CI ARA, CAL., JAN. i, 1905. No. 4 THE LIGHT OF THE WORLD here is a J i hi ihai shineih in ihe loom, Wl Uuminin every man of woman horn; -nd ihd Ji 12 of all earilis splendor shorn, Ji followeih us from cradle io ihe bonih. he darkness comprehendeih not ihai Jj i hi eoause Ji leadeih ihrd ihe narrow way ; oiniin£ io Qod and io ihe heiier day, hieldin ihe soul from phanioms of ihe niS hi, iill shineih Ji above ihe resiless strife (Of earth and frin$ eih clouds of £ioom with £old. Jis source in thai lone stable piercing cold, Jifhere ihe £reat in£ he an is mortal life. Sophomore. 194 THE REDWOOD THE MYSTERY OF THE INCARNATION To the simple inhabitants of Bethlehem, to those favored villagers amongst whom was born the Son of God, there happened nothing beyond the ordinary on the gladsome night of the Nativ- ity. A poor carpenter from Nazareth, in company with his young spouse, entered the town toward evening, they sought for a lodg- ing in the inn and, unable to find it, were forced, at nightfall, to retire to a deserted stable on the hillside. This is the sum and substance of what an observant villager would have narrated to the inquisitive. Even when the Infant was born, no one in the town was aware of the fact; Bethlehem slept while the favored shepherds adored the King of Heaven, If we enter for a moment into the thoughts of one of these shepherds, we may realize the mysteriousness of the situation. Uneducated, poor, provincial and backward in his ideas, he would be the last man in the world to expect to figure personally at the great scene of the Birth of Israel ' s King. There was nothing, ex- cept the Angelic songs, to arouse his powers. To his human eyes, there nestled Bethlehem reposing on the selfsame gentle slopes whereon in ages past, for years and j ears, his ancestors had tended their flocks; there was the little white roofed city, his well loved native place, and there the ill-fated inn that has come down to us as the symbol of inhospitality. All were mere commonplaces, the features of his daily life; but just beyond the town was a time- worn stable, the wretched shelter of which even the poorest of the poor might scorn. It was under this miserable roof that, a mysteri- ous Divine confidence informed him, the great Messias had come into the world, that the long expected Savior, the promised King of Israel, was even now resting in a manger. How irreconcilable these circumstances with his preconceived ideas, with the deep- rooted national conception of the splendor and the glory of the coming of the Messias, the all powerful King, Who was to save his people and to raise Israel to an eminence far surpassing any- thing she had ever known, to a glory even greater than she had enjoyed in the days of her ancient prosperity. How could this poor man of Bethlehem believe the vision? Surely it was a sorry il THK REDWOOD 195 realization, to his mind at least, of his hopes and the hopes of all Israel. How could he conceive that the Son of God should come into the world in a state so utterly ignominious? In his mind there might naturally arise a conflict between the apparent and the re- vealed; but the grace of God conquered and he went over to the stable and adored the King of Heaven. To us as we look back from our late age, the lack of regal pomp in the Messias may not appear inexplicable; but other dif- ficulties are apt to ' fpresent themselves, which, unless we are care- ful to realize the relative weight of all the considerations involved, are apt to render the circumstances of the Incarnation and Birth of our Lord somew hat perplexing. I shall take one of these difficul- ties and analyzing it endeavor to show how futile it is to argue against revealed Truth. Astronomy in our days, aided by the remarkable accuracy and efficiency of modern mathematics, has grown into a science of most gratifying proportions. Its achievements seem almost miraculousto the uninitiated; it describes minutely the structure of planets which to the naked eye are but glittering sparks of light in the distant rim of the universe; it measures the orbits of suns the very existence of which is unknown to the or- dinary mortal, and it maps out with deliberate confidence the whole scheme of material creation within a radius far exceeding the conception of the wildest imagination. This same Astronomy tells us that, in comparison with the countless numbers of heavenly bodies, our earth sinks into utter insignificance, that it is, in fact, one of the small planets in our solar system. It tells us of the suns in other systems which compare in size to the earth in about the same proportion as it in turn holds to an apple. Even in our own system there are planets which, besides being immensely larger in bulk, show moreover every evidence of being better adapted for the maintenance of life than the earth. Everybody seems to admit the inhabitability of Mars, whose surface is com- posed of all the mineral requisites and separated into a number of continents by great bodies of water and long canals, eminently adapted for commercial purposes; whose climate is much superior to ours, the sky always clear, the temperature varied and satisfac- tory and the year considerably longer. In view of these and sim- 196 THE REDWOOD ilar facts it has long been an established truth that this earth holds a very insignificant place in the universe, and for this reason some have expressed their astonishment at the seeming over importance given to it by religion. It seems to them ignorance or at least a human lack of that broad conception and universal appreciation of things which ought to mark a Divinely authorized religion, that, if it does not make the earth the central body of the universe, re- garding all the other stars and planets as revolving round it, it would imply that all other bodies exist for its sake, to provide it with light and heat. The sun gives us warmth, the moon light, and the stars are merely ornamental. This diflSculty may in fact be solved by a little consideration, from the proper point of view, of those sacred writings bearing on the point. One need only bear in mind that when the writers of the Holy Scripture had occasion to refer to these subjects they simply used the conventional language of their day; and that therefore, the immensity of other planets, the relative insignifi- cance of the one on which they dwelt and whether there were other races of men on other planets — all these things in no wise concerned them whose mission it was simply to teach their own race its duties toward God. There arises, however, yet another difiiculty which is apt to appear insurmountable to one who has a vivid conception of the great facts of Astronomy. How is it to be believed that the Son of that God Who created and Whose omnipotence sustains the world, Who created thousands of mighty spheres immeasurably greater than ours and countless glorious suns in whose bright beams our little earth is but as a glittering particle of dust, how is it to be believed that this God descended upon such a remote corner of the universe, that He took upon Himself the nature of the puny race of beings He had placed here and finally died miserably, to rescue them from the wrath of His heavenly Father ? In considering a difficulty of this nature some deliberation upon its various aspects is necessary before proceeding to decide upon it. It must be carefully analyzed and the nature and grounds of the difficulty determined and just how it offends our sense of the essential fitness of things must be found out. We shall find THE REDWOOD 197 that the incongruity, which indeed seems very great, is only a matter of size. The earth seems to us entirely too inconsiderable a portion of creation to enclose within its limits the great act of the Redemption! Just as the shepherds might have scorned the stable of Bethlehem had they been critical, so man, when it serves his purpose, scorns this puny earth as the possible scene of the Creator ' s life and death. But we must not allow ourselves to give undue importance to mere physical immensity. It impresses us forcibly; but when in its presence, we must not suffer other quali- ties to lose their value in our eyes. That Christ should favor this particular planet by taking flesh and living a mortal life upon it seems strange simply because it is one among thousands, simply because it is of insignificant size. Is it then of so great conse- quence that the rest of material creation be thus neglected? What after all do these vast spheres of dense inanimate substance signify? They came into existence at the potent Word of God without effort and without cost. They were created for a purpose — greater no doubt than the services they render us and our earth, though it is quite conceivable that this is the only reason for their existence; but they are only matter and as such they are in them- selves valueless. In reality nothing has an intrinsic value that is without the spiritual principle, the source of power, of thought, of action; size counts for naught, even with men, A man is smaller than the house in which he lives; but who will prize the house more highly than the man? This difference between material size and actual value deserves a close examination; for on it de- pends the solution which we shall give to the difficulty of conceiv- ing the Incarnation. To begin with the lowest form of matter — there are, every- body admits, certain qualities of substance to which we justly at- tach far greater value than we do to mere immensity. Compare for example a crown-jewel and the great Sahara desert. Both are matter and in a sense of a very similar composition, for the diamond is nothing more than a lump of carbon compressed into the form of a delicate crystal in nature ' s wonderful workshop and yet in comparison with its fine brilliancy, of what significance is the bulk of the huge waste of sand? More wonderful than the fine concentration of matter that we 198 THE REDWOOD find in the diamond, of greater significance to us and therefore an immeasurably more momentous entity than mere bulk of matter, must we consider the organic beings of the animal kingdom. For the organic world is entirely distinct from and infinitely superior to the inorganic. We cannot cease to admire and wonder at the beauty and wisdom expressed in the endless variety of marvelous organisms that make up our animate world. The delicate and perfect forma- tion of the little birds, whose tin}? organ-pipes fill every grove and meadow with their enchanting notes, is truly a wonder of mechan- ism. And though, according to the current system of valuation, we would not give the preference to a bird over a rare jewel, no one will deny that in point of formation, in ability to entune the Creator ' s praises and in bodily endowments, the winged songster is so far superior to the inanimate piece of glittering carbon, that the comparison would be unbecoming. The polar force to which we owe the diamond is the only manifestation of action that we admire in the one; but in the other we find on examination a variety of powers, truly complex aud perplexing. Scientists have spent years in the study of ornithology and they will spend many more years before they exhaust the beauties, the powers, the endowments of this far reaching topic. And what is said of the bird in particular is applicable to the animal world generally. Man taken as a member of that animal world is a marvel of perfection; his body is an object of wonder and a subject for thought, so delicate is it and so intricate in structure, so versatile in powers, so beautiful and symmetrical in its perfect development that it has well been called an epitome of the universe, a microcosm, a little world. It is without doubt the finest expression in matter of the power and skill of the Creator. In delicacy of construction and in its efficiency as an organic unit it is incomparably superior to every other being upon earth and it must be regarded as something essentially of greater consequence to the Divine Artificer than those huge but inani- mate masses of unshaped matter that roll about through limitless space. Man needs not the teachings of Christianity to appreciate his grandeur. Ovid, though a pagan, described him as the king of the THE REDWOOD 199 earth, the ruler of the things on earth, the masterpiece of the in, visible Maker, and surely he is such. His power of hearing, of sight, of taste, the pulsating movements of his heart, and the cen- tral seat of energy, the stomach, which by a peculiar law of reci- procity, subversive of all human ideas, supports the heart and is supported by the heart. The former supplies the latter with nourishment, the latter gives back to the former the power of supplying that nourishment. The stomach acts in consequence of and subsequent to the action of the heart, and this in turn is entirely dependent on the action of the stomach. The only simile in human science is the dynamo, where the magnetic force pro- duces the electrical power, and electricity increases the magnetic force; but the simile is incomplete, because magnetism is an es- sential element to begin with, whereas in the case before us the first cannot begin without the latter and the latter cannot begin without the first, and yet the two work hand in hand supporting and being supported and producing such admirable and complex results. Thus we have chosen to call man, regarded merely as a mechanism, the epitome of the universe, and yet we have but mentioned one of the manifold marvels of his being. If we were to dilate on the unity of this organism, the peculiar element that makes me feel a pain in the toe, that makes me experience a slight from a friend, there would be no end to our wonder. In fact we could not understand the unity without some reference to another something that is the real secret of man ' s greatness. Great and perfect, delicate and complex as the body of man is, it was not for it that Christ came on earth; it was to remove a stain from the soul, and it is the soul that makes us forget the immensity of mate- rial creation, it is the soul that explains th e mystery of the Incar- nation. Implanted in every human body, animating it and controlling its every motion, there is this wondrous spark of immortal life, this image of God. It is a being created for citizenship in the eternal kingdom, capable of enjoying God ' s intimate friendship, of know- ing and loving Him. Compared to it material creation sinks into nothingness. The w orld is but the scene, the world ' s riches but the goods of the soul ' s earthly stewardship. It dwells in its little 200 THE REDWOOD habitat, its human body and with its senses looks out upon all creation. Its thoughts traverse the universe; in all the vast dominion of material creation, it alone is possessed of intelligence. One human soul is infinitely more precious than all the matter in the firmament, for it is essentially of a higher order of being. What then is man? Let Cardinal Newman answer: " Man is a being of genius, passion, intellect, conscience, power. He ex- ercises these various gifts in various ways, in great deeds, in great thoughts, in heroic acts, in hateful crimes. He founds states, he fights battles, he builds cities, he ploughs the forest, he subdues the elements, he rules his kind. He creates vast ideas and influ- ences many generations. He takes a thousand shapes, and under- goes a thousand fortunes. He pours out his fervid soul in poetry; he sways to and fro, he soars, he dives, in his restless speculation; his lips drop eloquence; he touches the canvas, and it glows with beauty; he sweeps the strings, and they thrill with an ecstatic meaning. He looks back into himself and he reads his own thoughts, and notes them down; he looks out into the universe and tells over and celebrates the elements and principles of which it is the product. " All these wonderful attributes are founded on the soul, and it was for that soul that Christ came on earth. It mattered not that it was hidden away on this astronomically remote little earth; a jewel is not less valuable because enclosed in a modest case. The simple truth of the matter is that the earth is raised to a far greater importance than any other, nay than all of the other heavenly bodies, by the fact that it sustains upon its surface the race of immortal beings for whose sake alone it was favored as the dwelling place of the Incarnate Word of God. And thus the ways of God are not our ways. He came among the people of Judea, not as they had expected Him; He came on earth not as we would have had Him come. He chose to be born in a stable rather than in a royal palace; in Bethlehem, rather than in an imperial city, and on this little earth rather than on some one of the far larger and more glorious planets. More in conform- ity with our ideas surely, would it have been, had He come into the material universe at some more significant or central point, especially when we consider the possibility of there being immortal THE REDWOOD 201 beings elsewhere within its depths; but that contingency is without the present discussion — because there are so many ways of con- sidering the Redemption with regard to it that it were useless to introduce it here — and it must be borne in mind, as I said before, that God ' s ways are not our ways. Our duty is to rejoice and be thankful that He did come upon our humble sphere and that He came so humbly upon it that the lowliest of us, full of hope and confidence, may greet the happy season of His Birth with glad hosannas and eternal gratitude. M. C. 0 ' Tooi.E, ' 07 CHRISTUS NATUS EST There is music on high, There ' s a soft glow of light, For the angels are nigh To illumine the night, And " Peace unto earth, " is the song that they sing, " Glad tidings to you and to all men we bring. " In an outburst of joy The lone watchers wept, For the long-promised Boy Now in Bethlehem slept. And the heavens grew bright and His great mystic Star Peered down through the portals of heaven afar. And the strain of the song That was sung at His birth By the angelic throng Has encircled the earth, Still " Peace unto men " is the song that they sing, " For yon in a manger is cradled your King. " J. Earl Seaton, ' oS, 202 THE REDWOOD MR. SANTA CLAUS JR. No one ever dreamed that Anne Cruger would go down to the Deering ' s house party. Her friends knew all about her quarrel with John Ramsay before he went to the Philippines, and as the Deerings were giving their " over Christmas " party in honor of his return home, the guests were surprised to find Anne at the Monte- rey bungalow. Harry Deering was a clever fellow who depended upon the journals and magazines for a living. He married Helen Ramsay two years before, and it was at that wedding that Anne Cruger, the maid of honor, had quarrelled with the bride ' s brother, he be- ing the best man. Ramsay was in the army, a lieutenant, and his order to the Islands came the day after the wedding, Anne did not see him before he left, but she lost no time in returning his letters and trinkets. The Deerings had a little shingle home up on the Heights in San Francisco, but always spent their summer and Christmas holi- days at their bungalow in Monterey. Helen was more than ordi- narily clever with the brush. Indeed two of her pieces were hung at Hopkins that winter. People vied with one another for an invitation down to their place, especially to the house party over Christmas, and Anne Cruger, who had been Helen ' s chum since school days, was always the first to be asked. Helen of course knew of the quarrel be- tween Anne and John Ramsay, but she made no attempt to patch it up. She was too sensible for that. There was a third member of the Deering household, a young- ster not quite a year old. John Ramsay Deering was his name, in honor of his soldier uncle. Anne was his godmother, really a fairy godmother, for she worshipped the infant incessantly. From the moment the child opened its eyes she endeavored to make it say ' Aunt Anne " but like most babies its education lay before it. On this particular occasion she came, as she told Helen, simp- ly to be with the junior Deering, and had no intention of seeing THE REDWOOD 203 John Ramsay. He was not expected until the afternoon train on Christmas day. On the eve as Anne was helping Helen to tie up the many little parcels for the tree, she added a gift of her own to Baby John ' s collection. It was a large silver and gold mug. Helen took it in her hands. " It ' s a beauty, Anne, " she said, but you are going to spoil that child. " " Never, " smiled Anne, as she tied a ctrd to the handle of the cup. The card was brief, in Anne ' s inimitable style: " Love and a Merry Xmas to Johm Ramsay Deering from Aunt Anne. " The Deering ' s guests were up early on Christmas day, and such an exchange of greetings as they had. Anne rushed off to the nursery and presented the cnp in state to John Ramsay Deering. This young gentleman eyed it curious- ly, the card dangling from the handle seeming to fascinate him most. AnneVent down to breakfast leaving the youngster with his nurse, who was busily engaged in making the baby ' s bed. John Ramsay Deering continued his fascinated glare at the card, and after some moments he succeeded in detaching it from the handle. Deciding that it was something for the palate, he thrust one end of it into his chubby jaw and chewed off a good piece of it, much to his evident satisfaction. This operation over, he thrust the remainder of the card into the bottom of the mug and set up a most encouraging yell. 1 : jji Jc Down stairs in the living-room Helen and her husband w ere putting the finishing touches to the tree. Helen picked up a shaving brush with a card attached, from the music case. She the read card, then looked indignantly at her spouse. " Harry Deering! " she exclaimed, " do you mean to say that this is all you are going to give John for Christmas. " Harry was less agitated, " Why, of course, " he replied. " Jack has a shaving mug already. " " That makes no difference, " returned Helen, " this brush looks simply shabby alone! " 204 THE REDWOOD " It can ' t be helped now, " said Harry as he mounted the top rung of the ladder to place a star in position on the tree. Helen looked at him for a moment, then an idea struck her. " I can fix it for the time being, " she said, " Anne has given the baby a large Christmas cup which looks exactly like a shaving mug. We can stick the brush in it, and give the two to John and explain it to him later. " She ran off to the nursery before Harry had time to answer. Such a perfect whirl of greetings, Christmas and otherwise, as were extended to Lieut. John Ramsay, as he entered the Monte- rey bungalow. All of the guests with the exception of Anne had gathered in the living room to welcome him. Ramsay ' s face glowed in the hue from the log fire and looked indeed like a reflection of the very red berries themselves. He was standing near the table on which stood a picture of Anne. As though he read Ramsay ' s thoughts Harry Deering asked simply, " Where ' s Anne? " There was a dull silence in a minute, that cold, rigid silence which always follows a break. Then Helen came heroically to the rescue. " She ' s got a bad headache and is upstairs with the baby. She ' ll be down directly after dinner. " John Ramsay had turned a little pale and moved toward the fire. Accepting Helen ' s explanation the guests buzzed into the dining room. Just before black coffee was served Deering arose and an- nounced the distribution of gifts. The lighted tree was scintillating through the archway be- tween the dining and living rooms. With Helen ' s assistance Deering passed round the gifts and the noise and excitement that prevailed during this ceremony was deafening. John Ramsay removed the shaving brush from the mug and read the card from his brother-in -law. It contained the usual Christmas greetings. As he turned the cup upside down at his place something dropped out of it and fell to the floor. He stooped and picked it up. It was a card half chewed at one end, and very much covered with finger spots. He held it under the light of the M :x Gerald P. Beaumont, as Paxcratius In ' ' The Light Eternal. " THE REDWOOD 205 candelabra and read the greeting, " Love and a Merry to John Ramsay -from Anne. " In the prevailing turmoil John arose and slipped quietly from the room. Anne Cruger sat in an enormous arm chair before the nursery fire holding the sleeping Junior of the Deering family on her lap. The lamp was lowered, and the glow from the coals made bright red-gold spots in her hair. She was looking into the flames and her eyes were just a little misty. The child stirred and moaned a bit in its sleep. Perhaps the piece of card it had eaten did not prove the delicacy anticipated. Anne bent over it, and big, soft tears stood in her eyes. " Poor little chap, " she sobbed, ' ' poor little chap. Aunt Anne is unhappy, too. " The door opened gently and some one entered the room. Two big, strong arms, with brass buttons on the cuffs, stole gently around Anne ' s shoulders and two strong lips kissed the tears away. Martin V. Meri,E, Junior Special. A STAR IN THE EAST A Star in the East O ' er the midnight hill; A Star in the East When all is stilly And the o-reat ivorld sluv ihers on i) A Star in the East Each Christ mas morn, A Star in the East, And a God-man horn, — And the great iwrld slumbers ofi I Gerald (P. Beaumont, Jun. Spec. 306 THK REDWOOD THE ANGELS ' SONG Lo! angels sing on high, ' And heaven ' s choirs reply On earth. With what delight each sings The day that gladly brings His birth! Upon the breeze their song Seems soft to float along; ' Tis morn, And Mary ' s dearest Gem, The Child of Bethlehem Is born. ' Let sin and sorrow cease, To men of good-will peace, " They sing. " Peace, for the Holy One, The Virgin ' s new-born Son Is King. " Lo! angels sing on high. And heavens choirs reply On earth. With what delight each sings The day that gladly brings His birth. Richard A. de la Guardia, ' o8. THE RED WOO I J 207 YULE-TIDE AND THi: POETS OF MERRIE ENGLAND When we glance at the work of Merrie England ' s poets that deal with the happiest time of all the year, the feast of the Birth of our Savior, we are struck by the vivid and charming pictures they have left us of the Christmas celebration in the days of yore. They are true to life, though somewhat rude in the minor touches. Therein we learn of the many Christmas customs in vogue in old England, when faith was in its bloom and we learn how merry " Merrie England " was when it merited the name. Five hundred years ago Chaucer sketched in the FrankHn ' s tale the following slight picture of the Christmas season: — " Phoebus waxed old, and hued like laton That in his hot declination Shone as the burned gold with streams bright But now in Capricorn adown doth light Wherein he shone full pale, I dare well sain. The bitter frosts with sleet and rain Destroyed have the green in every yard. Janus sits by the fire with double beard And drinketh of the bugle horn the wine! And Nowell crieth every lusty man. " Unfortunately this passage gives us but few points to dwell upon. The wintry sun no longer shines as erstwhile. The ground lies robbed of its green by the heavy frost, and every man is given to feasting. These are the points that constitute all that the father of English poetry has left us concerning Christmas. So we shall illustrate the festivities that surrounded the old fashioned Christmas of England in the days of long ago from other sources. Among the primitive Christians the feast of the Nativity of our Savior was ushered in wit h a calm joyousness dictated by a deep religious feeling that admitted no alloy of worldly considera- tions. In time this important feast of Christianity tolerated many of the national or tribal rites of the converted nations of the North. 2o8 THE REDWOOD It became a time for boisterous festivity, of plentiful eating and drinking. " A jolly wassail bowl " was the necessary feature of every house at the Christmas season. That this feasting was an universal custom we are assured in an old poem, ' ' Christmas is time full honest; King Richard it honored with great feast, All his clerks and barons Were set in their pavilions And served with great plenty Of meat and drink and each dainty. " Thus it was the custom of the King to assemble all his lords and barons during the Christmas season that they might discuss the needs of the realm. On the occasion of these deliberations great feasting was indulged in, and nights of revelry were spent by the sturdy yeomen and nobles of the land. Christmas was the occas- ion for every lord of a castle to open wide his doors and to celebrate the season with banqueting. At these dinners the dishes served up might not be relished by the modern epicure, still one is astonished at the plenty that was provided. The boar ' s head was the dish of the occasion. It does not seem, however, to have been the chief viand, for no matter how great or small the number of guests might be, only one boar ' s head was served. It was rather a reminder of the daring of the bold hunters who had ventured into the woods and slain the fierce animal. As the poet tells us: — " Tidings I bring you for to tell What in wild forest me befel. When I in with a wild beast fell With a boar so bryme. A boar so bryme that me pursued Me for to kill so sharply moved That brymely beast so cruel and rude, There tamed I him And reft from him both life and limb. " This dish was brought in with great ceremony. After the guests were seated, a procession composed of the underlings of THE REDWOOD 209 the house and a band of the famous wandering minstrels carried it in ' ' With garlands gay encircling, " and the minstrels sang the carol ' ' Caput apri defero! " During this, the first course of the dinner, the minstrels played and sang and the jesters vied with one another in discharging their smartest jokes and practiced the most extravagant antics. Then came the second course which made the dinner proper, " Then comes the second course with great pride The cranes, the herons, the bitterns, by their side The partridge, the plovers, the woodcock and the snipe Larks in hot show for the ladies to pick, Good drink also, luscious and fine Blood of Allemain, romnay and wine. " Days thus spent in feasting and carousing were followed by nights of revelry at which dancing varied with games of chance and the quips and pranks of the jesters filled the whole, twelve days of the Yule season with pleasure. But one must not suppose that, during the exuberance of spirits thus displayed by these merry men of England, all thought of the real significance of Christmas was lost to them. As the poets testify, notwithstanding all this jest and jollity, the holy ser- vices of the Church received the foremost attention. Every large castle had its chaplain and the early Christmas Mass found the titled lord and his household adoring the new born King. Indeed all their mirth and joyousness was but an endeavor to express in themselves the spirit of the angel ' s song : " Peace on earth to men of good will. " The men of this time were simple and steadfast in their faith and the poets have left us many pretty sketches of their piety. On Christmas morn the wandering minstrels would come beneath the castle window and wake the master of the house vAth. songs: " Welcome be Thou heavenly King Welcome born on this morning Welcome for whom we shall sing. " It was not uncommon at the great feasts to have some song of the Nativity sung, and after all the revelry was over, to have the castle chaplain give his Christmas blessing. Town and country seemed 2IO THE REDWOOD to vie with each other in exhibiting the greatest celebration of the feast, for we find a poet exclaiming: — ' Meii may talk of country Christmases; Yet their feasts Were fasts, compared with the city ' s. " Although as time went on a more decorous and refined style of entertainment was established, yet there was no diminution of that ancient spirit of hospitality the exercise of which had become a national tradition. " Then set down the swine yard The foe to the vineyard Let Bacchus crown his fall Let this boar ' s head and mustard Stand for pig, goose and custard And so you are welcome all. " Among all the customs of old England the long-honored cere- mony of bringing in the Yule log was one of the most enjoyable! On Christmas eve it was the custom for the men of the house to assemble and then with song: " Come bring with a noise My merry, merry boys The Christmas log to the firing " they would carry in the weathered Christmas block. It was then placed with great ceremony upon the " Fire Logs " and with " the last year ' s brand the new block " was lighted. Then all would sit around and partake of the good cheer at the hosts ' invitation, ' ' And drink to their hearts ' desiring. " It must have been a pretty sight to witness at Christmas time the general happiness that prevaded the land. All these old cus- toms, quaint though they be, fulfilled a grand purpose. They brought the master and servant cheek by jowl, they united neigh- bors over the cup where petty wranglings and all such things were soon drowned and forgotten. They brought peace to the land and men to their God. What an enchanting sight it must have been to see one of these old feasts! The spacious dining hall with its smoke-begrimed ceiling and walls stained with the usage of years covered with holly and ivy; the sturdy oaken table and chairs, the laughing and gaily dressed guests, all brought into THE REDWOOD 211 prominence by the fitful flare of the Yule log burning in the great open fire-place. How can one help thinking and saying that here were to be found true peace and good will? Indeed this was Merrie England! And, truly has Scott written: — ' England was merry England, when Old Christmas brought his sports again ' Twas Christmas broached the mightiest ale; ' Twas Christmas told the merriest tale A Christmas gambol oft could cheer The poor man ' s heart through half the year. " But enough of the the olden Christmas and its gambols, which put to shame by their evidence of peace and good will, the discordant and selfish age in which we live. Still we must not take a pes- simistic view of things; we still have a strong faith in the Babe of Bethlehem, and still amid all the bustle and hurry of market, shop, and change, we love to hear the Christmas Bells, which " So soft and clear To high and low glad tidings tell How God the Father loved us well; How too the Eternal Son Came to undo what we have done; How God the Paraclete Who formed the Babe so sweet, In power and glory came, the birth to aid and greet. " And so we may join the ancient minstrels in singing: — " Welcome be thou heavenly King Welcome born on this morning Welcome for whom we shall sing Welcome Yule! " Ralph C. Harrison, ' 05. 212 THE REDWOOD OUR immaculate: queen [Recited by James R. Daly in the Students ' Chapel December 8, 1904.] Clothed with the sun, the stars thy crown, the moon Thy footstool, queenliest of queens, as He Thou callest Son is kingliest of kings, Dear Mother, hail to thee! Thy throne is nearest to the throne of God, Thy realm compassess earth, sea, and sky, And thou dost hold thy queenlihood supreme From the great Trinity. The Father first gave thee the right to reign, What time into the clay He breathed, and smiled On thee immaculate and full of grace, His ever-virgin child. Enamored of thy beautifulness then. To earthly lover evermore denied. The Holy Spirit took thee for his own, His ever-virgin bride. And as a ray athwart the crystal streams, Brightening not breaking it, the Word Divine An Infant from thy bosom leaped, and cried, ' 0 Virgin-Mother mine! " Then came thy coronation. Boundless Power, Supremest Wisdom, and Primeval Love Forth from the highest heavens sent the word That summoned thee above. THE REDWOOD 213 " Rise, Mary, rise in glory from the tomb, And borne by hands angelic mount the sky; Thou wert not formed immaculately fair Within the grave to lie. Lo, o ' er it now where rose and lily blow, Types of thy claims to immortality; Rise Mother, Daughter, Spouse, and wear the crown Of sole supremacy. And they who on God ' s loveliness had looked " How fair, how fair she is! " together sang; " Hail, Queen of Heaven! Queen of Heaven, Hail! " Through the vast arches rang. And earth caught up the anthem, " Hail, O Queen! ' ' And from her hills and from her vales serene At rosy dawn, at noon, and purple eve. Re-echoed " Hail, O Queen! " And in the season when she celebrates The Advent of thy Son, she gave to thee Through her Chief Priest the name we honor here On this thy jubilee. " Ave Immaculata! " thus the earth. And thus the heavens salute thee on this day; " Ave Immaculata! " let all tongues Salute thee thus foraye! 214 THE REDWOOD THE mahing of a tiger When the Tigers lost to Yale by the difference which marks a goal kicked and one so closely missed, that for fifteen pulsating seconds the turbulent sea of color wavered uncertainly before bursting into a spasmodic whirlwind of blue, the Princeton coaches set themselves to develop for the coming season a line-smasher such as the ' varsity backfield had never known. " Demon " Hudson was induced to forsake Carlisle, Carroll- ton of the town club, in answer to ten lines from Briggs, the man- ager, dropped a lucrative position and entered college, and Hast- ings, the little Freshman who played a crack-up game with last year ' s " babies, " was shifted to the winter training squad. Then these three, in addition to " Steamboaf ' Wade of the naughty-four ' s were placed under the experienced wing of old Barkey. Thus augmented, Princeton ' s " cubs " rounded to nicely and when soggy October rolled around, lending a quiver to the air, even the upper class men became intoxicated with the outlook and strolled down to the evening practice — there to hobnob with the " Freshies " and to swell the anthem till the mighty quadral tingled to the roar of ' ' Down with Yale! " Visions of a crushing victory had already seriously impaired the eyesight of the under-grads, when Dame Fortune, with the fickleness of her sex, gathered up her dainty skirts and fled. From that moment things went wrong with a persistency that was ap- palling. Hudson hied his way back to Carlisle to accept the posi- tion of head coach, while Carrollton snapped his kneecap before real practice began. This was bad enough, but when Wade, falling behind in his studies, got two warnings and finally the faculty ban, old Barkey wept and swore alternately with an earnestness which was his chief characteristic. Hastings was now the one eligible candidate for full-back. Openly the set of coaches professed absolute confidence in the dashing little Freshman but in their heart of hearts they knew what would happen when a 170-pound man was sent against Yale ' s veteran line. So matters grew hopelessly dull again. No more " plug-ugHes " THE REDWOOD 215 graced the bleachers; the Princeton war-whoop dwindled to a high school yelp and the exasperated editor of the " Daily Princetonian " ground out unoriginal and scathing editorials on college spirit. About this time, when the sporting papers had begun to pub- lish columns of " dope " on the prospective merits of the " Big Four, " a Sophomore named Stanley drifted into college from a western school. He weighed two hundred pounds, had shoulders like the back of a hack, clean-cut, determined features, and steel blue eyes that twinkled humorously under a tangle of corn-colored hair. Al- together he was the impossibly-heroic sort of a chap, that one sees sometimes in the flaring colors of a prize-poster. Barkey flushed him almost the first day he came and when the aquiline nose of Princeton ' s " grand old man " pointed especial- ly long in one direction, it meant a whole lot. In three days he had traced up the new-comer ' s pedigree, found that he had learned the game at Northwestern and in a week " the blonde giant " was practising with the " upper-thirty " bunch. Then with the impulsive spirit of college men, they made this well dressed, handsome young giant a popular hero. The Prince- tonian frat tendered him an honorary membership and the sporting writers clamored for his picture. To put it hyperbolically, one half of Princeton lay at his feet, and the other half was his for the asking. And yet with it all, the new full-back continued to smile good naturedly, but with perfect indifference. Soon they discovered that Robert Stanley ambitioned nothing and distained much. Old Barkey noted this on the field and though he said nothing, his thin lips pursed together in a curiously expressive whistle. During a month of sullen afternoons, when the ' varsity, sweat- ing and weary, crashed their way through the second-team line and the bleachers rocked and roared encouragement, Barkey crouched at the heels of the tow-headed Stanley and called for a full-back play. When it came at last in the hoarse tones of Devlin, the quarter — Devil they called him — the voice of the old coach rose from a rasping whisper to the shriek of a factory siren. " Now then, you big man, " he implored, " start fast and hit hard. Let ' ergo, Devil! Now hard! hard! hard! O Pickles! " 2i6 THE REDWOOD Stanley laughingly disengaged himself from the tangle of players, having cut outside of tackle for three yards. " Should have had twenty, " snapped the enraged Barkey, " W-w-why, what ' s the matter with you? Y ' hit that line like you ' re afraid of breaking something. " Stanley grinned appreciatively and the others roared their delight. But all the same the tow-headed giant remained good naturedly lazy and Princeton ' s coach realized, as he set himself to work, that he had before him the most difficult task he had yet undertaken. At Barkey ' s instigation, they came to the Westerner with carefully prepared stories of what others thought and said. Stan- ley shrugged his shoulders. " Devil " swore, — Stanley grinned. And the girl — for there was a girl — a merry slip of a Junior, who had brown eyes and always wore red velvet about her neck — she coaxed and stormed — all to no avail. Stanley protested that he played as hard as he could, and they were forced to let it to at that. For after all, what can a man do, even if he measures six feet and can tip two hundred pounds, unless his heart and soul are in the game? Football interested Stanley, but an uncommonly large fortune had taught him to be selfishly lazy and to despise the things which others craved. And Barkey who had handled just such men before and knew how to distinguish natural brawn from muscular fat, settled down to a system of profane abuse calculated to wear out the patience of a saint. In the training-shed the night after the Tigers rolled up 24 on Wesleyan, Barkey mounted the table and delivered an ora- tion that for figurative language had the Bunker Hill effusion beaten twice times. " Tigers! " he ejaculated in disgust, " why, you ain ' t even de- serving of the title of mud-hens! Bob Stanley, you ' re the most all-fired, cold-footed, big tub of " Two strong arms sudden- ly pounced on the perturbed Barkey and swept him off the table. In another instant those who crowded to the door saw the old man dumped ignominiously on a pile of wet sawdust four feet away. Of course they separated them and hushed up the whole af- fair, but all the same, no one thereafter questioned the blonde giant ' s nerve. As for Barkey he sat up in the bed that night and THE REDWOOD 217 actually ' chuckled as he applied rub-down to a black mark around his arm. " Didn ' t I know he had it in him! " he demanded savagely, and if purely material objects could talk, the bed-post would have an- swered decidedly in the affirmative. But despite Barkey ' s good intentions his scheme proved the reverse of successful. Stanley lost all animation and devoted him- self to his studies; a bad sign when one is only three weeks away from the game of the season. Exactly fourteen days before Thanksgiving, Barkey gave up hope and Hastings was given first call in the coaching. By pop- ular consent, Stanley was given a back place and Princeton set it- self to straighten out a badly shattered dream. Stanley would not have been human had he not experienced the taste of ashes in his horn of plenty but he effaced it early with a careless laugh and bent himself to his books. When the Tigers came out after secret signal practice, it was formally announced that Hastings — Harry Hastings of New Jersey, would play full for Princeton. It rained drearily all morning but by two o ' clock the vast crowd had darkened the countless tiers of the quadral. There they were, Yale ' s contingent on one side and a sea of orange and black on the other. Down in the center of the sawdust field, the two teams manoeuvered like ants in a bottle. A chap in his shirt sleeves flung up both arms and the great, soul-satisfying " Boula- boo, " surged on high. Instantly it was cut shreds by the Prince- ton ' ' sky-rocket " Then followed the rooters ' " spelling match. " At a flourish of a trumpet a thousand Princeton men stood up and removed their coats. When they sat down their orange sweaters formed in gigantic letters the single magic word " Princeton. " The bugle sounded again — there was a quick changing of seats and the orange sweaters spelt " Victory. " Then Yale wound up her practice, won the toss and McMul- len lifted the pigskin to Princeton ' s 15-yard line. Stanley, alone and unnoticed, sat near the sidelines, plucking nervously at the grass and thinking hard. All through the first 2i8 THE REDWOOD half, he watched with the eye of an expert the playing of the two teams. Yale ' s quick rushes over tackle, aided by the superior weight of her back-field told early on the Princeton line. On their fifteen-yard mark the Tigers rallied and held for downs. Two mass plays made no impression on the Blue line and suddenly Meade of Princeton bowled around the end for ten-fifteen-twenty yards and he was still going. On the twenty-five yard line a blue jersey flashed under him and he crumpled up like a rag. Then the air seemed suddenly to have become a filmy, gauze curtain half of w hich was black and the other half orange. But it was only a temporary advantage. Plucky little Hast- ings, dove into the opposing line for short gains and came up each time looking weak and white. Then Yale took the offensive and slowly but relentlessly the sons of old Eli smashed their way across the white-washed bars, one after one until they crossed the last, two minutes before the first half was ended. Thompson failed to kick the goal, leaving the score 5-0 in favor of the Blue. The whole western side of the field was a mass of cheering, excited, victorious humanity. Up from the field of waving blue there came the shrill question shouted peevishly through a thous- and megaphones, " Princeton, where are you, anyway? " Stanley waited for the answer, and it came at last in that grandest of college songs " Princeton Boy. " It rose steadily in the air, flung to the breeze by fifteen hundred men who sang only the braver because they knew that unless the impossible happened the second half would bring them bitter, crushing defeat. But the impossible did happen, and it happened so quickly that the breath seemed to leave Stanley in one quick, gulping gasp of realization. Oh! no, there was nothing very wonderful about it; it just came to him and he drew it in eagerly, as if his soul had sucked it through the pores of his mud-stained suit. It was probably the sight of the crowd, the action, the music and the girl in the grandstand who had turned her back on him indignantly only a few minutes ago, that gave him the in- spiration; but whatever its cause it came and Stanley stood for pre- cisely one minute in his football togs, feeling much the same as a high strung horse that has just ended a wild runaway dash and stands for a moment kn a quiver of uncontrollable excitement. THE REDWOOD 219 Then he strode over to where Barkey was on his knees beside the prostrate form of little Hastings. " I want to play, " he said fiercely, " I want to play. " The coached stared up at the flushed face with the distended nostrils. Then he saw that what he hand been striving for so long had happened at last. " All right, " he said quietly. Stanley went in and up in the Princeton section they com- mented openly. As the little blind god would have it Thompson of Yale sent the spening kick off whirling forty yards straight into the arms of the " tow-head " and Stanley — dropped it. True, " Devil " whisked it up again, and the Tigers brought him in seven yards, but then it did look bad. In the first scrimmage, no one except Barkey, who was look- ing for it, saw " Devil " jab Stanley in the face viciously. Barkey grinned. " That ought to put the finishing touch on him " the muttered, — and it did. Stanley, white and furious, came out of the pile, like a snow-plow, and Princeton ' s quarter saw his chance. Clarke was called over from tackle There was a snap and Stanley catapulted his way over the line for seven yards. Be- fore the Princeton section could do more than swarm to their feet like one man, two more plays over the opposing tackle followed in quick succession, and each time the " blonde gaint " crashed through like a locomotive. In seven plays the Tigers tore their way to Yale ' s twenty-five yard line and it seemed as if no power on earth could stop them. The crowd went wild. All Princeton ' s old love for its blue-eyed, popular giant returned in a wave of delirious, intoxicating joy. Down in the field McBride of Yale, on whom ' Devil " had con- centrated his line assault, lay down and faked injury. Mathews, captain of the Blues, took the opportunity to whisper a few words to the end and to the half. The next time that Princeton swept a play around the end and Stanley sprang ahead for interference, two blue jerseys met him, one at his ankles, the other at his shoulders. It was done in the twinkling of an eye but when the play was over, Princeton ' s giant full-back lay on the ground, white from the pain of a wrenched ankle. At the end of two minutes he limped grimly to his place and 220 THE REDWOOD clicked his white teeth together in a way that was new to him. The Tiger spirit had come to stay. Fifteen yards from their goal, the big Blue line grew desperate and held. Princeton tried the dangerous quarter-back fake. With a wrench, Meade broke through and ' Devil " fumbled. For an in- stant the heaving mass struggled confusedly and then — far around the end and up the v ?hite-washed side-line fringed with a shriek- ing crowd, went Yale ' s little captain. One by one, he shook oft the Princeton tacklers and as he tore up the field, the Yale thous- ands belched forth a roar that shook the sky. Twenty yards from a touch-down, two hundred pounds launched itself forward in a low, sure dive, and the Princeton section sent up a gasp of relief. With two minutes left to play, Yale signaled for a place-kick and Mathews fell back. Then there was the instant, deathly hush, the quick snap of the ball and Creever of Princeton vaulted over the line, blocked the kick and fell on the pigskin. In the wild uproar that followed, the Tigers braced together desperately and dug nervous toes and fingers into the soft, wet sawdUvSt. One minute left, and seventy-five yards to make to stave off a Yale victory. Stanley bit through the last clinging bit of nose guard and tossed it away, then he shifted his weight from the swollen, aching ankle, wiped the blood from his eyes and listened wearily to the signal. " Devil ' s " voice came to him, hoarse as of old, without a trem- or and yet far off as in a dream. " Double forty-six — " He wondered vaguely if " Devil " had a soul under that tireless frame, or if he himself had a soul, if anyone had a soul or were they all machines? Then he remembered that he should be listen- ing and with a start he straightened up and cried out " Signal. " Again it came in that monotonous chant. " Double forty-six, sixty-four. " Stanley drew his breath in with a sharp hiss as he realized what Princeton ' s quarter-back was about to do. " Devil " had staked everything on a loo-i chance and that chance lay in the speed and strength of Princeton ' s corn-haired, hack-shouldered full-back. THE REDWOOD 221 Stanley thought quickly. He knew that Walters at right- guard would be called back as if for a punt, that " Devil " would snap it back and that Walters would fumble. Then if the Prince- ton ' s ends came in Walters would pick it up and send it straight and low to where he himself would be standing far out to one side, with a clear field before him. Stanley glanced carelessly at Princeton ' s end, a roily-poll} little fellow called Parker. Edwards, right half for Princeton, did likewise and he saw the quick gleam of intelligence that flashed in the dark eyes as Parker watched Stanley jump in position — he saw the gleam and with a sudden deft movement, so quick that the referee did not see it, Edwards leaned forward and slapped the Yale man square in the face. For one brief instant, the suddenness of the blow drove all thought but that of anger from the mind of the little end and he straightened up. In that instant " Devil " snapped the ball and when Parker dropped into position, the sphere was spinning on the ground, a bare eight feet away. Forgetting all caution and the strange position, which the Princeton full-back had suddenly taken, Parker cut in straight and dove for the ball. Stanley saw the lithe blue streak flash past and he gathered himself together for the final effort that should test the strength of the Tiger. Even as he whisked the ball under his arm and swerved quickly to the left and down the field, he lost all con- sciousness of his surroundings and seemed to have become a ma- chine over which he had no control. Ten yards down the field the blurred figure of Yale ' s captain bobbed in front of him and impelled by a certain instinct he pulled himself together and leapt high in the air. When he crashed to earth again, the sharp pain in the wrenched ankle forced a shriek from his lips, but he bounded on — on — on, with a dull, queer roar- ing in his ears and the small, red stream trickling into his eyes. A hundred yards from him, a hysterical mob thundered forth a wild, throbbing cry, " Princeton! Princeton! Go on, Stanley! " But out on the field the blonde giant heard nothing, saw noth- ing. Instinct again told him that something was behind him — something that was not his shadow and was nearing fast. Even 222 THE REDWOOD as he swerved to the right and jumped wearily and felt the iron grip of two strong arms below his knees, he knew that he could have gone no farther. Something like a stone wall struck him in the shoulder, he heard the splintering of wood and succumbing to the inevitable he crashed to the ground, holding the ball to his bosom. At least they would not get that! Of course " Devil " kicked the goal, even if he did have to go to the other end of the field because Princeton ' s full had snapped the goal post when he stumbled over the last white bar, and of course they hoisted the big tow-head on their shoulders and led him around the field at the head of the greatest serpentine that Prince- ton ever saw. Gerald P. Bkaumont, Junior Special. THE PRINCE OF PEACE " Hark! to you we bear glad tidings, Shepherds, on this holy morn, For in yonder hill-side grotto Christ, the Prince of Peace is born. " Dark the night was, and above them Softly faded from their sight, Visions of supernal splendor Robed in trailing garbs of light. ' Yea, to us has come the message, " And the} told it o ' er again, ' Unto us is born a Savior Bringing peace and joy to men. " Oh those tidings ever welcome ! How they fil l our hearts again, As we hear the Christ Child whisper: Peace and joy I bring to men. " Eugene Ivancovich, ' o8. T T e WrOflM Pubi.ishe;d M0NTHI.Y BY THE Studknts of Santa Ci.ara Coi.i.egp; The object of The Redwood is to record our College Doings, to give proof of College Industry and to knit closer together the hearts of the Boys of the Present and of the Past. EDITORIAL STAFF EXECUTIVE BOARD Martin V. Merle, jspS ' i - - - President Gerald P. Beaumont, jspS - Vice-President Michael R. O ' Reilly, ' 06 - - Business Manager John W. Byrnes, ' 06 . . _ - Secretary George Casey, ' 07 - - Assistant Secretary associate editors Ralph C. Harrison, ' 05 Micpieal C. O ' Toole, ' 07 Rob ' t. Y. Hayne, ' 08 Francis Floyd-Jones, ' 07 assistant business managers Angelo Quevedo, ' 05 Joseph Curley, ' 05 Thos. Leonard, | ipecili R. A. Hicks, ' 07 Address all communications to The Redwood, Santa Clara College, California Terms of subscription, I1.50 a year; single copies, 25 cents. EDITORIAL OUR. GBEETING One can never express, in their fullness, his sentiments at this, the holiest of all holy seasons. The joy of Christmas seems to possess everything with which we come in contact; the flowers breathe it, the birds sing it, we ourselves revel in it. Year after year we hear the same tale, the most sublime the world has ever known,— and each year it unfolds new beauties, new ideas, and a 224 THE REDWOOD gladness of heart that seems to be more than human. The drama of life continues act by act, and scene by scene, we grow old and gray, and feeble too, yet the tale of the Child Jesus and his Virgin Mother Mary, and his foster father Joseph, has a charm which nothing can efface. To us, here at college, the Christmas tide is deep in meaning; it brings us first in closer touch with the thought of our Redemp- tion, a better spirit toward our neighbor animates us, and it brings to an end the first half of the struggle of the college year. Our little trials and sorrows are drowned by the peals of Christmas bells, and we go forth from our books filled with joy and ¥;ith happiness, and anxious to come back and face the next semest- er bolder and stronger than before. When we look back over the past five months the general thought seems to be: " How quickly they have gone! " Time always goes quickly v hen well spent and we think that the last five months were well spent. The Dramatic Club won new laurels, the Student Body was remarkable for its unanimity, the Athletes supported their colors manfully, the Reading Room, the Gymnasium, the Social Hall have been in a flourishing condition, Debating Societies thrived, the number of students grew to a bulk never known before, and the Redwood has come out every month, not without some shov of endeavor. What then is our parting word? To our beloved President, our Vice-President and Prefect of Studies, to our teachers, and our fellow-students we extend sincerest wishes for a ' Happy Christmas, " one full of that peace and love and good-will which are born of a realization of having done good work, of being able to sit down at the Christmas board with a sense of satisfaction for the past and resolutions for the future. THE REDWOOD 225 COLLEGE NOTES TKe LigKt Eternal " The presentation of ' The Light Eternal ' by Martin V. Merle at Santa Clara Theater this evening (Nov. 23) crowded that play- house with a fashionable and enthusiastic audience. The new production ranks among the leading miracle plays and, aside from ' ' Nazareth, " the Passion Play written for the college by Clay M. Greene excels anything ever presented at the Mission school. " Thus wrote a correspondent of one of the leading San Francisco dailies on the morning after the first presentation of " The Light Eternal. " It is but a sample of the many flattering notices of our latest college drama, which it is our task to review. Foremost among the things, that present themselves for con- sideration in judging a play, is the theme. Is it a good one or not? We might say that upon the answer to this question depends an author ' s success. Judged by this standard Mr. Merle ' s success is so far forth assured; for by the unanimous opinion as expressed in the many different review s of the play Mr. Merle ' s plot was a more than good one. Witness the criticism that appeared in the San Francisco " Examiner " by the well known dramatic critic, Ashton Stevens. After speaking of the honor this " likely drama, " as he calls it, has given the college, he says: " Of course there will be good people to say that his theme is not known, just as there have been good people to say that the themes of Belasco and Shakespeare and others are not known. Indeed Mr. Merle ' s theme is about as old as the struggle of Christianity. And it is well to re- member the date when comparing the " Light Eternal " with such recent adventures into the same field as " Quo Vadis, " " The Sign of the Cross, " " Mary of Magdala " and so forth. It is well to remember that this young collegian has taken for his hero an authenticated figure, no less a one, in fact, than the good St. Pancratius. " And without being the biographer of Pancratius — indeed, acknowledging that he has merely woven a tale of the Persecution around some of its principal characters, and owning his indebted- ness to Cardinal Wiseman ' s " Fabiola " — thus the young author has 226 THE REDWOOD builded six scenes of likely drama. " From this and other equally favorable criticisms we can clearly see that the theme of the " Light Eternal " is by no means a bad one. It deals with true and romantic times; it deals in much the same historical style as other tried successes and has proven equally a success. One other principal point in dramatic criticism is the execu- tion. Is the play properl} staged ? is our next question. The " Light Eternal " has been criticised as of superior quality; now if the staging of that plot has been equally good we may proudly deem our latest drama a success. In referring to the staging the eminent critic already quoted has written: " Young Mr. Merle has gone about his business with all due seriousness and reverence, but at the same time he has not overlooked many chances for the most up-to-date devices in the way of plumage and light effects. When a big setting and a wealth of electric lights will serve his dramatic purpose as well as and perhaps better than the human tableau and the spoken words, young Mr. Merle gives you the ripest product of the paint frame and uses the electricity with a will. In the manner of staging a sacred drama he is something of a Belasco. " From this we can conclude that the stage settings of the " Light External " were most excellent. Anyone that was in the audience and witnessed the play can justly testify to the brilliancy of the same. In the above article the critic has praised the electrical effects of the play and indeed we who witnessed the per- formance, feel that Prof. Montgomery, the college elictrician, is deserving of great praise. As to the actors themselves. too much cannot be said. To their efforts in great part the success of the play is due. Gerald P. Beaumont as Pancratius, John J. Ivanco- vich as Diocletian, Emperor of Rome, William Johnson as Sebas- tian, and William McKagney as Corvinus, proved stars and re- ceived the repeated applause of the audience. Besides these all of the cast contributed greatly to the play ' s success. Indeed the " Light Eternal " has done honor to the college. Jubilee Celebration On Thursday, December 8, the Feast of the Immaculate Con- ception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and the fiftieth anniversary of THE REDWOOD 227 the declaration of this glorious dogma of Catholicity, the students of Santa Clara did all in their power to honor, with becoming so- lemnity, the great Mother of God. The chapel was tastefully dec- orated; streamers of blue, white and gold hung from pillar to pillar and dropped in flowing drapery from the dome of the main altar. High above the tabernacle, surrounded on all sides by a luxuriant display of ferns studded with white and gold chrysanthemums, and flooded with an amber glow from the electric lights, stood the statue of Mary Immaculate, looking down, it would seem, with maternal affection upon her joyous children. The statue is the Jubilee gift of the present students and it will hereafter fill a beautifully wrought niche in the Chapel vesti- bule, telling all who visit the college of the fihal love of the stu- dents of 1904-05. Beneath it is a tablet of stone bearing the in- scription: " Sine labe Conceptse Alumni. " The crown of twelve stars is above the Virgin ' s head, the crushed serpent beneath her feet, to serve as reminders to the stu- dents that with Mary ' s assistance they are to aspire to nobler things, that with her they are to crush the infernal serpent. Another Jubilee gift is the life-size Crucifix that stands a little to the left of the main altar. The contributions for the donation came entirely from the members of the First Academic class who under the inspiration of their Professor, Mr. Edward McCarthy, S. J. gathered enough money to purchase this lasting token of their generosity. Useless it is to mention, among the works done towards the proper celebration of the Jubilee, the special edition of the Red- wood. Our readers have already received this work of love; our remark in this connection is that we regret very muck the occur- rence of some typographical errors. A desire to have the edition ready for the feast necessitated a certain amount of haste, and the haste is accountable for the blemishes which, more than on any other occasion, we would have wished to avoid. But to come now to the actual programme of the great festi- val. At 6:30 the students assembled in the chapel to assist at the Mass of our Rev. Father President. A select choir of students 228 THE REDWOOD that had for long been preparing for the celebration, rendered some touching hymns; but perhaps the most inspiring scene of all was the Communion. Some twenty students approached for the first time, the Holy Table, both sodalities received in a body, and as far as the present writer can judge, every Catholic student was seen to approach the altar rail, to receive the Sacred Body of Him Who was born of Mary Immaculate. No more fitting act of hom- age could have been offered to the Mother on the glorious occasion than this of receiving her Divine Son for Whose sake and through Whose love she had been preserved Immaculate. In the afternoon the celebration was continued with great pomp and splendor. While the students united in singing the beautiful hymn " Hail, Heavenly Queen, " Rev. Father Rector blessed a crown of red and white flowers and placed it upon the brow of Mary ' s statue. The solemnity of the ceremony touched all hearts. It was an humble image of what we fain would do to honor the Immaculate One; it was a reminder of that other coro- n ation in Heaven, when Mary was exalted above the nine choirs of angels. Ralph C. Harrison recited with great feeling the Coronation Ode, which we give in full: A Crown for our Immaculate Queen. Virgin of virgins, free from every stain And full of grace, sweet Mary, on this day. Before thy shrine we come to crown thee Queen, Our loving Queen for aye. Vv hen in its beauty rose the universe Before the Eternal Vision, thou wert there; The loveliest creature of the lovely whole, The fairest of the fair. When from its beauty fell the universe And all was darkness round, thou didst appear Above the gloom in thy first loveliness To brighten and to cheer. John J. Ivancovich as DioctKXrAN In " The Light Eternal. " rilK REDWOOD 229 So when the seers and sages had beheld And shown thy glory, lo! from Peter ' s throne A voice: ' Of all our race thou, Mary, art Immaculate alone! " Then mid the thunder from Sant ' Angelo And ail the music of the bells of Rome Thy Pontiff crowned thee with a golden crown Beneath Saint Peter ' s dome. Today we celebrate thy Jubilee, And with our red and white we crown thee here O ever-spotless Mother, take our gift And bless thy children dear. When the statue had been crowned, the students, preceded by the band, joined in solemn procession and with the statue car- ried high in air, and amid hymns and the soft strains of the band, they marched slowly and solemnly around the inner court, out to the shrine of St. Joseph, and back again to the chapel. The procession was a glorious one; sanctuary boys in cassock and sur- plice, sodalities with their badges and banners, the members of the faculty, some old and decrepit, some young and but beginning their lives in Mary ' s service, and all in perfect order under the direction of our beloved Chaplain, Rev. Wm. Culligan, S.J. It was a spectacle never to be forgotten, an act of homage that will draw down the blessings of Heaven ' s Queen on all who took part therein. When we had assembled in the chapel, James R. Daly recited with a fulness of unction the sweet little poem, ' Our Immaculate Queen, " which we have published elsewhere in this issue. This was followed by Martin V. Merle ' s oration on The Immaculate Conception. Mr. Merle reviewed the history of the dogma and having delayed on its significance, its beauty, its necessity, he con- cluded an eloquent address by offering to Mary the " Spiritual Bouquet " that had been gathered by the students during the past month. It was a garland of virtues practiced in Mary ' s honor, more acceptable to her than any outward offering because more pleasing to her Son. The Act of Consecration, wherein the students, the faculty, 230 THE REDWOOD the entire college was placed under the protection of Mary and dedicated to her honor was a fitting close to the afternoon services. In the evening Rev. Father Foote delivered a sermon which for impressive ness and directness was a touching appeal to our hearts. This was followed by solemn Benediction of the Most Blessed Sacrament, and we retired to rest well pleased that we had been so favored as to be able to spend the day of the Jubilee amid such impressive and instructive functions. PKilaletKic Senate On Wednesday evening, Nov. 30th, the Senators assembled for their last meeting of the year. The storied walls of the historic old senate chamber have, during the past five months, resounded with the eloquence of many heated debates, and when on Wed- nesday eve. we came to order for our farewell meeting we all had within ourselves that feeling, that consciousness of work well done. We do not say this in pride or as a perfunctory utterance at the close of the term; but we appreciate that any future Senators reading our minutes will be able to point to them and say: " These men tried. " That is all we wish, for we know that the man who tries sincerely succeeds as a usual thing. At the meeting speeches from the officers and members were in order and the retrospections and cheerful prospects indulged in proved most pleasurable. Thus with a " Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year " we closed with a resounding bang and locked the door of the Philaletbic Senate, for the first semester. XKe Ho Jse of PKilKistorians. With characteristic enthusiasm the members of the house have successfully brought to a close their first session of the present school year. Truly it bas been one of achievement,, not without labor, but invariably with success. The new members of marked ability made such a splendid showing at their initial appearance, that we need entertain no fears as to their becoming efficient de- baters. THE REDWOOD 231 Perhaps the best debate of the semester was that held on the resolution; " That the nations of the earth should combine to put an effectual stop to war. " The negative speakers who won the battle w ere Messrs. Allen, Brown and Donlon. They were op- posed by Messrs. Crowley, Atteridge and O ' Toole. Thanks to the kindness of Rev. Father Rector, we were enabled to conclude our efforts with a farewell banquet, held De- cember 3, 1904. After a short business meeting we were joined by our guests of honor, Rev. P. J. Foot, S. J., and Mr. D. J. Kav- anagh, S. J., both of whom were in former days presiding officers of one or other branch of the lyiterary Congress. Sociability and good-fellowship reigned supreme for two hours. Speaker Mr. Joseph Stack, S. J., acting as toast-master called forth able responses from the gentlemen present. Among the many toasts were the follow- ing: " College Spirit, " Joseph Washington Kohlbecker; " The New Santa Clara College, " George Casey: " Our National Game, " Joseph Brown; " The House, " Leo. J. Atteridge: " The Literary Congress, " D. J. Kavanagh, S. J. Rev. Father Foote, who was twice called upon during the course of the evening, spoke in a very happy vein, and literally brought down the House. The adjournment was sine die. The outlook for the coming year is one of promise. The strong interest manifested throughout the past few months will no doubt continue when we commence work after the holidays. We are proud of our past success, but future occasions will not find us wanting, and so we leave behind us pleasant recollections of our ' 04 associations as Philhistorians with expectation of recalling them more vividly with the triumphs of 1905. Junior Dramatic Society Since the last issue of the Redwood the J. D. S. has suffered a heavy loss. The Rev. Joseph Stack, S. J., who during the past year inspired us with such enthusiasm has been given charge of the House of Philhistorians. The change necessitated his resigna- tion as President from the society for which he had done so much. In the midst of our bereavement, however, we were consoled by the appointment of Mr. Kdward McCarthy S. J., as his successor. Mr. 232 THE REDWOOD McCarthy is one who can and will maintain the standard of super- ior eloquence that has ever been the aim of our Debating Society. Now that the term has drawn to a close we look back with pride on the work already done and feel a longing desire to begin again. Everything is promising for future success and we are sure of a glorious run of five months after the holidays. XHe PhilosopKer ' s Outing Heigh ho! and away for the mountains, with four horses smoking along in front and fourteen philosophers trailing along behind and everyone foolish and happy. No one has ever questioned the right of the upper classmen to do extraordinary and undignified things on the 25th of Novem- ber. Philosopher ' s Day is a sacred prerogative, handed down from posterity, looked forward to with thrilling expectancy and remembered with grim satisfaction. Seniors and Juniors piled together in the spacious " drag, " locked hearts and arms and hit the pipe of peace. Dignity was ostracised. Even the immortal Peter Kell rose to the occasion and ran up hill and down dale with an alacrity that was almost sacrilegious. One could hardly have found a choicer spot than Villa Maria, nor a more toothsome spread than that which we sat down to under the shade of the pristine oaks — nor for that matter a more congenial fellow-philosopher than our class professor, Rev. Joseph Lydon, S. J. We rambled home in the gloaming, with Christmas berries in our hats, and satisfaction in our hearts and the very latest products of the song market on our lips. Those of the party were: Rev. Fr, Lydon, Martin V. Merle, John J. Ivancovich, Martin Carter, Francis Ryan, John Courter, Robert Fitzgerald, Peter Kell, John Byrnes, Gerald Beaumont, Ralph Harrison, Thomas Blow, Leo Atteridge and Francis Lejeal. THE REDWOOD 233 AULD LANG SYNE The news of Major Bernard J. Reid ' s death at Pittsburg, Pa., reached us on November 30. In 1851-52 Mr. Reid was a member of the college faculty. With Father Nobili he labored strenuous- ly to build a Catholic college in the then unsettled West. I ater on at the outbreak of the Civil War he joined the Union troops and having served as Captain in McClellan ' s campaign, he was pro- moted to the rank of Major in Co. D, Fifty-seventh Pennsylvania Militia, and in this capacity he took part in the pursuit of Morgan in West Virginia and Ohio. After the Civil Struggle, Major Reid began his legal career and continued in it until 1900. He was ever a devout Catholic and a generous benefactor to all worthy pur- poses. Of his six children three have devoted their lives to the service of Religion; the Rev. George Reid, Professor of Hebrew and Sacred Scripture at St. Paul ' s Seminary, Mother M. Agnes of the Order of Mercy, Titusville, Pa., and Sister M. Alphonsa of the same Order, Mercy Hospital, Pittsburg, Pa. The other three children are prominent business men. To all of them we extend our sympathy, and for the departed father we pledge our prayers as for one to whom we owe more than ordinary respect. He was one of the foundation stones of Santa Clara College; he did good work when in California and his work remains. Among the old students who were present at our new col- lege drama, ' ' The Light Eternal, " were the following: The Rev. Joseph McQuaide, A. B. ' 88; Rev. Bernard McKinnon, A. B., ' 88, Joseph Farry, A. B., ' 97, Francis Farry, A. B., ' 01, James A. Bacigalupi, A. B., ' 03, Aloysius Grisez, A. B., ' 03, Joseph Politeo, Com. ' 03, Pierre V. Merle, Com. ' 03, Walter Healy, Ambrose Fin- negan, Cyril Deering, and Joseph Finnegan. On Monday, Dec. 5, we enjoyed a visit from " Bobbie " Keefe, A. B. ' 02, and James Chichizola Com. ' 03. Bob is Tacoma ' s 694% pitcher and it was in great part his work that placed Tacoma at the head ot the Pacific Coast League. Bobbie is tl;e same good- natured youth as of old. He gave us glowing accounts of Charlie Graham, A. B., ' 98, the captain of Tacoma and the man w ho led the way to victory. 234 THE REDWOOD IN THE LIBRARY A COMPBEHENSIVE CATALOGUE OF CATHOLIC BOOKS INTRODUCTION BY RT. REV. CHARI.ES COLTON, D. D. Doubtless there exist few that have not at times queried within themselves: " What ought I to read now ? Is this history- reliable, or that novel safe? " Indeed in our age of promiscuous book-production the consideration lacks not its moment for Cath- olics especially. The worthy compiler of this Catalogue has essayed an answer, — despite the difi culty of the task he has succeeded. In his preface he mentions a movement of the Feder- ation to have the works of those professing our Faith appear in the public libraries; it deserves hearty encouragement, and a spirit of enlightenment that seems to be animating most of the national, state and municipal officials by reason of the commend- ably courageous example of the President, shall, we hope, ensure happy results. However, union amongst ourselves is the chief means to enable us to win the equal rights guaranteed by the Constitution: whatever serves to bring us into closer contact, and and aids us in knowing one another, and makes us appreciate inten- tions, promotes it. We can not behold the hearts of the children of Mother Church laid open before us better than in the volumes over which they have toiled night and day, spinning as it were out of their brain-tissue the warp and woof of a rational texture, the embodiment of their inner life and their activities. Therefore we do urge all to send for this list and to consult it often. The price is exceedingly cheap for a pamphlet of 103 pages — 10 cents, postage prepaid. Address: Mr. Joseph M. Schifferli, German Roman Catholic Orphan Asylum, 264 Dodge St., Buffalo, N. Y. EXCHANGES We were obliged last month, very much to our regret, to dis- pense with our exchange column. We had a special number on THE REDWOOD 235 hand and space was at a premium; so " Exchanges " had to give way to more important matter. There were, however, several things of interest which we should have liked to discuss and we joyfully turn to them now. First of all we offer our heartiest Christmas greetings to our journalistic friends. At this season of the year, when a spirit of joy and good-fellowship reigns supreme, even the Ex-man should descend from his critical perch and participate in the merry making of the hour. In real sincerity therefore we extend to all our best wishes for a happy Christmas and a successful New Year. THE UNIVERSITY OF MOBTH CAROLINA MAGAZINE We take great pleasure in welcoming this month a new ac- quaintance, the University of North Carolina Magazine. Judging from its first appearance amongst us it bids fair to a be highly inter- esting visitor, combining, as it does, serious literary effort with exhilarating specimens of that racy fiction which, it confesses, en- joys unrivaled popularity at the university. THE BOWDOIN QUILL The Quill for October made its appearance in its customary unique form, — unpretentious but suggestive of literary excellence. ' Ye Postman " continues to entertain us. We have gotten into the habit, when picking up a new issue of the Quill, of opening it at the back to this department. It is quite an original and clever bit of work. ' The Thoughtful Murderer, " in the November number, is a strikingly ingenious story— rather elaborate head work though for a miner under sentence of death. THE BED AND BLUE The November Red and Blue is brim full of football; it is not all football though, as the number of cuts might lead one to sup- pose. " The Couching of the I,ance " is a well-written story and ' ' Those Days Agone " in verse, is of more than ordinary beauty. 236 THE REDWOOD FORDHAM MOHTHLV Generally one of our most interesting exchanges, the Ford- ham Monthly for November, has well maintained its standard for ample bulk and variety of reading matter. The opening poem ' The Death of Autumn " is deserving of mention for its beauty of expression and the smoothness of its meter. THE ST. IGNATIUS COLLEGIAN The Collegian, always aiming high, seems this month to breathe an exceptionally scholarly air; it is so rich in classical translation and thoughtful prose. This tendency, though a diffi- cult one to guide to satisfactory results, is highly commendable, and we should like to see it more generally followed. " Demos- thenes ' First Philippic " is a very well written bit of English, but why so little at a time? HOLY CliOSS PUR.PLE Our visitor from old " New England " — or rather this particu- lar one, for we have other friends there — has appeared in fine form this month. We seldom find so much of real human interest in a college magazine story as " In the Long Years " possesses. The departments have much that is interesting and give a pretty lucid insight into life at Holy Cross. THE SPECTATOR The red-gowned debutante from the Alhambra High attracted our admiration immediately. It is a charming little pamphlet, ex- cellent for a maiden effort and more excellent still by reason of the promise that lies between the lines. We shall watch its progress lovingly. Wm. Johnson AS Sebastian Wm. McKagney as Corvinus In " The Light Eternal. " THE REDWOOD 237 ATHLETICS The ' 04 football season is now a thing of the past. It died gloriously on the 8th of November and was buried with full honors and to the usual accompaniment of bonfire, brass band and eloquence. If it were not Hke raking over dead coals one would dilate at length upon the two victories which wound up an eminently suc- cessful season. But that is ancient history now — and we must live in the glorious present. Suffice it to record that Santa Clara twice defeated the Fort Baker Army team, — on the home grounds, October 22nd by the score of 17 — 9 and a week later in San Francisco by the over- whelming score of 48 — o. The season ' s record shows six victories and one tie out of a total of seven games. Of the team itself, it may in all truth be said that it was above the average run of those which in past years have represented Santa Clara on the gridiron. To coach " Gene " Sheehy, Captain John Ivancovich, Manager John Byrnes and the follow uig men who were accorded places on the team, is due the gratitude of the student body. The men are: Thomas Feeney, Walter Schmitz, Thomas Donlon, Louis Magee, Thomas Kna, Francis Ryan, August Aguirre, William Fitzgerald, Frank Garnett, T. W. Blow, John McElroy, L. D. Woodford, Charles Warren, Roscoe Jacobs, Mathew Wilson and lyouis Hub- bard. Of these, ten in all probability, will be with us in ' 05 so that the outlook is promising for another victorious campaign. Nor must we forget the second team men, who, on the last day of the season, defeated the Palo Alto Academy players on the Stanford oval in a desperate 5 — 4 struggle. We have been spared the usual dull slump that generally takes place after a particularly active season. A mid-winter baseball league has sprung into existence almost miraculously, and as a producer of excitement it has the Pacific Coast outfit beaten four ways. How it started so quietly no one know s, but the war is on 238 THE REDWOOD and the fans are humming merrily. Three medals are up; one for fielding, another for batting and the third for base-pilfering. The standing of the three teams at the present is such that no one can predict the outcome, but whatever side wins the league has this great advantage that while furnishing excellent practice for the ' vets, ' it is bringing into notice some very good new material. Freine, Collins, Sigwart, Chas. Byrnes, Kilburn and Wm. Maher will immediately occur to the observant as new men. They are certainly promising, while Martinelli, Richie Maher, Callahan, and a host of others make the struggle that is to be for first team places look interesting. Captain Thomas Feeney of last year ' s season has been re- elected and under his direction great things are expected. John W. Byrnes, our most enthusiastic football manager, has been chosen to care for the baseball games. The honor was well con- ferred and no one in the yard need fear that there will be a scarc- ity of games during the coming season. The coach has not yet been secured; but of this we are certain that he will be as good a one as we can get. THE REDWOOD 239 FIRST HONORS FOR NOVEMBER, 1904 BRANCHES SENIOR JUNIOR Philosophy of Religion T. Leonard H. Budde Bthics T. Leonard Mental Philosophy H. Budde Natural Philosophy J. Riordan M. Lewis Chemistry J. Riordan F. de S. Ryan . . . Mathematics C . Russell H. de la Guardia , Political Kconomy J. McElroy R. Fitzgerald Higher English T. Riordan H, Budde SOPtlOMOKE FRESHMAN Religion R. Shepherd R. de la Guardia English Precepts M. Lewis H. de la Guardia „ . . English Literature and Author C. Byrnes, E. McFadden J. Bach English Composition M. O ' Toole R. de la Guardia History and Geography C. Byrnes T. Donlon Elocution W. Crowley R. O ' Connor Latin H. de la Guardia, G. Fisher . . . R. de la Guardia Greek H. de la Guardia R. de la Guardia ... Mathematics T. Donlon C. Freine sf ACADEMIC 2nd ACADEMIC Religion M. Shafer E. Watson English Precepts M. Shafer A. Bunsow . . . English Author M. Shafer W. Hirst English Composition M. Shafer R, McCabe . . . History and Geography J. Zavalza W. Hirst Civil Government A. Bunsow . . . Elocution J. Daly A. Dolcini . . . Latin R. O ' Connor A. Bunsow . . . Greek R. O ' Connor A. Ivancovich Mathematics C. Olivares I. McCarthy . . Elementary Science J. Zavalza A. Bunsow . . . . 240 THE RKDWOOD 3rd ACADEMIC 4th ACADEMIC Religion C. Dransfeld T. Lannon . . . . English Precepts C. Olivares . . W. Sweeney . . English Author H. Callaway . . . . W. Sweeney . . English Composition C. Dransfeld H. Ruth History and Geography. C. Olivares I. McCarthy . . Elocution J. Oswald A. Prindiville . Orthography I. McCarthy . . Latin J. M. Arias T. Lannon Greek E. Moraghan Mathematics T. Lannon A. Obarrio 1st PBE=ACADEMIC 2nd PBE-ACADEMIC Religion N. Talia E. Ladner English Precepts J. Sassenrath , E . Ladner English Author F. Manha English Composition J. Sassenrath E. Ladner History and Geography J. Sassenrath E. Ladner , Elocution Aloysius Diepenbrock J. A. Ivancovich, Orthography J. Sassenrath J. A. Ivancovich COMMERCIAL CLASSES 1st BOOK-KEEPING 2nd BOOK=KEEPlNG 3rd BOOK-KEEPmO E. Hyland J. Maher V. Salberg SPECIAL CLASSES 1st SPECIAL 2nd SPECIAL 3rd SPECIAL Latin J. W. Schmitz H. Patrick T. Donlon , Greek .J. W. Schmitz C. Byrnes J. McKay. 1st Special English Composition I . Christal Sd " H.Ivers 3d " • A. Bunsow 4th ' • C. Olivares THE REDWOOD I EYES j EXAMINED I ' t I « May mean something to you or it may mean nothing. It depends upon the skill, knowledge and fitness of the examiner. We have ex- amined and fitted glasses to many eyes and in 3 £ many cases given ease and satisfaction where :5 others have failed. What we have done for others we can do for you. I OSGOOD 8c BALL X Manufacturing Opticians f 156 S. First Street. 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Separate rooms for ladies % Steel Safes of Large and small sizes to rent at moderate rates. 2 Jl soliite Safetf THE REDWOOD t I M iiisitiess trainitid I i 1 If you want a business education, attend a school « whose teachers are experts in their particular line of « work. The most practical and up-to-date methods of teaching are Gregg Shorthand and Ellis Book- THEA TRE JOSE keeping. Call and talk the matter over with us. S $an 30$e Business College I Second ana San Fernando Sts San 3ose || The School that gets Results W. BOUCHER, Prin. if t »( ) ! Established 1881 Telephone Main 34 !| I RALEY COMPANY I I GENBRAI COMMISSION MERCHANTS I ip 4» Ap Headquarters for Bananas K 84-QO N. Market Street, San Jose, Cal. I » HOMB OF POI IT:© YAUDEVIIvI B 60-68 South Second Street, . - . . San Jose ' Caterittg to Ladks and Children | 1 ONE MATINEE every afternoon. Doors open 2:30. Admission loc to any part 1 of the house; children under 12 years 5c, except Sundays. Evening performances 7:45 andgiis sharp. Admission, orchestra circle, 20c; balance lower floor and entire balcony }$, « IOC. ' I « J 1 0 Get a Crood Pen Knife GKX AN ElL,KCrK.IC. Guarauteed to be as it ought to be. If it should not prove to be that 1 0 Get a Crood Pen Knife t I we will be glad to exchange with vou until you have one that is. |A % MANICURE TOOI.S, RA5 0RS S ••K Guaranteed the same way. If you wii h to shave easily, and in a hurry, get a Getn Safety Ra or. $♦ ]E The greatest couvenieuce for the man who shaves himself. I THE JOHN STOCK SONS, | 1 Tinners, Roofers anul l»lunabers Phone Main 76 71-77 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. t t THE REDWOOD r I i y T! If going East secure choice of Routes, of limited trains and tourist excursions by calling on nearest agent SoiitKern Pacific PAUL SHOUP, D. F. P. A.. San Jose E. O. McCORMICK, Passenger Traffic Manager, San Francisco T. H. GOODMAN, General Passenger Agent, San Francisco. Jl ==jfz=:Jr==zJt-==Jr==:Jn==jf==Jr=iJr== r= 1 THE REDWOOD Our Free Delivery is at your Service ' n Phone John 341 1 and We ' ll Come BINGHAM BANTA COI UMBIA BICYCI E; ag:i3ncy Cyclets to the People 174 South Second Street, San Jose. HJ J 1 T. F. SOURISSEAU Tllatiufadumg Jewekr and Repairing Ba ms nA glass f ins H Specialtv 6g}i South First Street, ban Jose, Cal. Highest Price Paid for Old Gold and Silver. Phone Blue 203 Students CMhIngI It ' s of a different style from regular lines and with us a specialty. || That ' s why we have such a big trade amongst the students. Come and see. Carmichael, Ballads Co., Outfitters tot all Mankind 55-61 South First Street SAN JOSl Established 1875 Phone West 462 GEO. W. RYDER SON j: w: i : RS and sii vi rsmiths The most extensive and complete stock of NEW Fine Goods. jil 8 South First Street, Safe Deposit Building, San Jose, Cal. I I.RUTH GROCERIES AND DELICACIES giears and €obacco Franklin Street, - - Santa Clara Cal. BATHS I AUNDRY OFFICB THE OAK SHAVING PARLORS J. D. : I I IS, Proprietor i Barlber to tbe College 1125 Franklin street, ne:s?:t to O ' Brien ' s, Santa Calra THE REDWOOD I CHAS. A. BOTHWELL • Repairing at Right Prices - 5 Old Gold Taken in Exchange 112 South First Street, San Jsoe x 5 S. D. ZARO. J. A. PETRINOVICH $ 4 WATCHES AND JBWEI RY pjJ Oijerlatid Restaiiratit Oyster Boisse Telephone John 821. 29 North First Street, San Jose, Cal. ' I WILSON ALLEN I I Dealers in HARNESS and BICYCLES | r Harness Repairing - -. - -— -- — — -— — -— . — -. - -.-,,-.-. -.. -.- Bicycle Repairing $ t SANTA CRU A VENUE, I OS GATOS, CAI,. | i — ; i VlT a ¥3 1:J " P " PTM3 wholesale and Retail Meats :| VY • Xi.. Jriw ' A X JUfl Bonemeal for Chickens Ground to Order j 9 Best Equipped Market on Earth £ I UNION MARKET I 1,0s GATOS, CAI,. - I I Announcement I I e THE NACE PRINTING COMPANY J J - perfection gnized as the acme of £ We have also lately doubled our working space, which now covers an area of 2300 ? ?. square feet. You are respectfully requested to call and inspect our new quarters and up-to-date § iCc machinery. fc 9 (f Estimates furnished on all classes of work, large or small. When you need : printing you need a PRINTER— we are " it. " Respe ctfully ?. NACE PRINTING COMPANY | 5 Phone Clay 574 Santa Clara, Cal. J AYRES THE REDWOOD 723 Market Street, San Francisco. I The leading business training school. The only business | college in California that secures positions for graduates and | keep them in employment. One young man from near Santa | Clara is employed in the San Francisco National Bank, another stenographer for the Union Iron Works, and another with Wells, Fargo Express Company, and other of your acquaintances in similar positions. Let us do as much for you. We have been established eighteen years. Write for catalogue. B. R. AYRES, Manager. A ' Bad ' ' Tangle. Do you ever notice when reading, especially at night, that the letters seem all tangled up, at times blurred and indistinct, then clear again? This appearance is not an alarming symptom. It is simply nature ' s warning that the eyes are overworked, and that they must soon have rest or help. Heed the first warning. A little glass aid when first needed may save much loss of time and money and possibly prevent serious trouble. We fit glasses to relieve all strain and to give easy, comfortable vision. If you want the best optical work— the kind that will stand a guarantee of ENTIRE SATIvS FACTION— come to us. ]SXAMINATXON FR : Br. Geo. E. Pratt Dr. B. K. Kerr OPTICIANS Hours 9 to 5 16 North Second St., San Jo.se Evenings by appointment MODERN DENTISTRY Every modern device that can possibly make the best results easier for our patients is liberally supplied in our ofiice equipment, facilities that insure expert dentistry, the kind that save tmie, trouble, pain, teeth and money. Painless dentistry; first-class work; moderate charges. A written guar- antee given. PRICES: Gold Crowns, Porcelain Crowns, Bridge Work, Set of Teeth, $5.00. Gold Fillings, |i. 00 up. Silver Fillings, 50c. PAINI,] SS : XTRACTlON 50c Consultation free. I,ady attendant. Testimonials on file. Teeth ex- tracted free when plates are ordered. STERLING DENTAL CO., 26 South First Street Phone East 302. German spoken. DR. MAX WASSMAN, Manager I I 5? 9 ' -kir ' rPi ' r9i ' cPi ' c ' ' r ' ' ik ' ' rP)- r9i ' 9i9i ' c ' i " fer i " rS THE REDWOOD I fi| |r " l la fen isJ I Z0 Order f I Smart Clotlies I I Good Dresser I ! t 9 We announce the arrival of our new F ' all Suits a and Overcoats. | . ( 9 We have paid particular attention to the wants 3 I of the College Student. | Sole UseiltS for -«i BrHir iairra«w- e @ Heady to Uiear Sotblsi i iilQ ( I Sbeet Mask IHusk Books ? ? We have the largest and finest stock on the Pacific Coast. When a in need of Mtisic, wh} not order from us? ? muskal Instmmmts M m jm } k Everything in the music line, Violins, Guitars, Banjos, Mandolins, k 3 Boston " 3 " Star Cornet, Brass Instruments, Strings, Etc. 3 I CuvUz Pkm 10 i i i0 10 i0 } Our own manufacture — 50 years on the market. A thoroughly 3 well-made reliable piano at a reasonable price. Also sole agents 3 7 for Chickering, Vose, Sterling and other pianos, and Apollo ? Master Player. ? i t I yM 0 I I BENJ. CURTAZ SON I I 26, 78, 20 O ' FARRELL ST., CURTAZ BUILDING, S. F. f BRANCHES— San Jose, Fresno, Alameda, Stockton, Palo Alto. THE REDWOOD } } Have you ever experienced the convenience of a I Ground Floor Gallery? 3 3 3 3 3 41 N. First St. San Jose The Most Elegantly Equipped Fotograf Studio in the City. Special Rates to Students and Classes Newest Designs in Mounts } Pop ©aridlos Th|at ©arirjot b© E: ©Glled SA:!;«1 4. Ci AK-A Delivered iu Santa Clara and All Parts of San Jose. © © © 3 THE REDWOOD I E. H. GUPPY SON I I HOLSDAY BOOKS, FOUNTAIN PENS i W FINE WRITING PAPERS i Telephone Red 322 31 to 35 East San Fernando St., San Jose J. G. ROBINSON PHARMACIST Pierce Block Santa Clara, Cal. lERR-y I A. Zellerbach Sons 1 lm$»os t«« $ and Bec83er« in Paper, Twines and Cordage r:: € Telephone, Private Exchange 14 416-426 Sansome Street, San Francisco THE REDWOOD i ■ i i| C. H. PHII POT Co., Props. 1 . J. K API, AN, Manager m i OLYMPIC ARMS CO. i I 4 |i 4. 4 I U sporting Goods of Every Description % I Tlie Right Goods at the Right Prices I i Give Us a Trial I I ' i I 801 Market Street, Cor. Fourth SAM FRANCISCO i J. K. DAVIS EI ACKSMITHING and CARRIAGE WORK HORSBSHOISING A SP: CIAI,TY Below Postoffice Santa Clara, Cal. J. J. DEVINK B. J. DOUGHERTY C e Dwim Doagb rtp Qroarf Co, re§h €ggs and Butter a Specialty Satisfaction guaranteed and patronage solicited 52 Post Street, San Jose I owest prices Phone Blue 201 HE BAYWOOD STUD I I i I THE BUNGAI OW SAN MATEO, CAI,. | 1 (Property of JOHN PARROri, ESQ) i i i % i I Devoted Bxcltisively to the Breeding and Training of i n 1 High Stepping | I Hackney-Bred I i Harness Horses i i i I WAXTER SiBAI,-?, Manager. | i i I I THE REDWOOD li " " liil ' ilJllllmittilliiMlllillliiMllJlIllniMljiillm.iljlblinillilmiMlilii nilllllJlmilll h " ' WOO Subscriptions are respectfully solicited from the old boys. Rates of Sntoscription, $1.50 a. Year SANTA CI,ARA " C0I,I,:eG: Santa Clara California Santa Clara College THE PIONEER UMVERSITY OF THE PACIFIC SLOPE This famous institution of learning, which is in charge of the Jesuits, has a reputation even in Europe for the completeness of its equipment and the thoroughness of its instruction. With mos t complete and appropriate accommodation in every department and a full staff of professors, the institution offers imcoramon ad- vantages for the mental, moral and practical training of young men and boys. Fui.1. Particulars may be obtained BY Addressing the Rev. R. E. Kenna, S. J. Santa Clara College Santa Clara, . . - - California BUY YOUR,.- : :: Furniture Novelties For the Holidays from the store which carries the most reliable goods and sells to everyone at the same fair price. RUCKER-MADSEN CO. Next to Victory Theater, San Jose, Cal. f j| |pi i i i ii lTy iiii ii i i pi ii il ] piii i i ii]ypi iii ii pii ini]yiiiiiiii|piiiiiipiiiiipiiiiiip THE REDWOOD Jll " !llilni,i!ld!lli,nl!aill lIllli.iilljllllliiMlliJiMiiMlillll jlbliiiilljlillnilllJlllllnilljlllllMllllIilll.llllJillliniliJllllMlMljllllllllllJiLllllllll] i Painless Bxtraction Charges Reasonable »M, M. ®o F. MKNTON Telephone Grant 373 Office Hours— 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. Rooms 3, 4. 5. 6, 7, 8 Bank Building, over Postoffice Most r odern Appliances Santa Clara, Cal. LOUIS ONEAL and O. D. RICHARDSON ATTORNEYS AT LAW Phone Main 94 Rooms 16-20 Auzerais Building, San Jose MSsaaBSsaat:trafggaaK jgi ' a!- -«t,a.?. ijCT. ' --T-nag Costumers Decorators aod Theatrical Supplies 733 Market Street, opposite Grant Avenue, San Francisco Telephone Main 1615 Clie Eargest and Hlost Complete gosteeie B ©life on iM goast Official Costtimers for all Theaters in San Francisco, l os Angeles, Seattle and Portland, also Furnisliers for Santa Clara Passion Play, Bohemian Cltib Open Air Festivals and Floral Carnivals on the Pacific Coast. . i%K 4 AiM. Potimns a d Ukw§ i I Newest I ine in Photography and Amateur ' s Supplies Phone Clay 421 ll FratiUSlii Street, Santa €lara i i ' " i ii f r i ' i i iii i i y! i " iMi y ( fii iiiii[iyiiiiii iiT j iii i iii iifrii ' »iii] pii ' ' iii THE REDWOOD Jacob Eberhard, Pies, and Manager. [ ohn J. Eberhard, Vice- Pres. and Ass ' t Manager « Tanners, Curriers and Wool Pullers Harness- Ladigo and Lace Leather. Sole and Upper Leather, Calf, Kip and Sheepskins Eberhard ' s Shirting Leather and Bark Woolskin Santa Clara, California Ktmiidf Drug Comprnf Drugs Delivered to any part of the City Free. Telephone, Main 221 Porter Building, San Jose, Cal. Cfismt Shavmg Parlors 978 Main Street, opposite Postoffice J. D. TRUAX, Prop. 7a .% : SANTA CLARA, CAL- FRANK J. SOMERS, Manager. WM. PL HANBRIDGE, Engineer Century Electric Co ' V OF SAN JOSE. Sol® M Q-MtS, fOB ' Seiieral €l$c!i1e motors Plii.Oh il Plaints 20 MARKI T STRBBT, SAN JOSB THK REDWOOD San Jose ' s L,eading Store THE ARCADE SAN JOSB Home of I.ow Prices Maiileiire Sets aiii Toilet ts Six-piece Kbouoid Maincure bet, sterling silver monnted ' in black grain seal box, lined with white. Price .$4.35 Kbonoid Brush and Comb Sets in cases, Britannia mela mounted; bru-.h haaaie of " wtvik luetal ) uuning into Madonna on back. Price $7.75 Silver :v.ounted four-piece Manicure Set in i ' mny box, ebony har dies. Price, set jyejc Men ' s Genniue Ebony Toilet Sets, sterling- silver mounted. Prices, $4.25 and $7.00 Women ' s Gennine iEbony Brush ' ; and Comb Sets, silver monnted. Prices, $1.75 and . ' $3.00 Travelers ' Himiwt Gases for Men aiii! loiiieii TJ nASll G XBIAS OF3? BK.INGS Women ' s Traveling Cases, containing hair brush, comb, pow- der case, nail cleaner and scissors. Price only $3 ' 75 Women ' s Seal Leather Traveling Case, pig. ' -kin lined, has hair and tooth brushes, comb, nail brush and poxvder case. Price only $3.50 Men ' s Traveling Cases Seal Case, pigskin lined, containing one military brush, soap box, comb, tooth and nail brushes. Real ebony. Price. ■; $4.35 8-piece Toilet Set in I eather Traveling Case; httiugs of ehon- ized hard rubber. Price $8.00 Elaborately fitted I eather Traveling Cases; every requisite necessary included. Prices;?g.25 and $12.00 SMYiiig Cases M U m Kevei- a Man Objects to One of These Cup and Brush Set in fancy lined box, crockeiT cup, coco-bolo finish, silver mount. Price, set " $- ' ::-50 Cup and Brush Set. eboiiized crockery cap v)lh tnetal rin- silver moi ' .nted ; in case. Price, set $5.50 Pedestal ::.2:.- •-Ti ' ' q I ' .bonoid rede.-,[rd ,S]iaviL,q ror, trt ' v. cn]i, b-:v h ::ii I ' rice, 3.5o c.ud 12 inches, irice i,S-i!}ch Stif.m! iMetid Viriv bru he... I ' lice, ;- ' ct . . ' . . ■ . -■- : : nu:;- swiiijjing iv.i; ' - .b; :;t_.!,-;:- .mU-c:- iMo-nted. $3- .5 I f. ' iw,;.!.- o( eboiioicl. height • ; 34.75 - er -iKiuc ' es pair of militarj- S7.00 Handso;:ie and tlal orately Mtt. d S!iuvi:ig Stands. Price, $10.00 each Phone Main 11 . MARTEN CO, Iv:eAI 35R Oif I,OW PRICBS S3-91 South First Street THE REDWOOD Ellis Bookkeeping - Gregg Shorthand Why do we use the above methods? Because they are used by a majority of the first-class business colleges in the United States and because we have learned by an actual test that they are the most practical methods so far devised We have the exclusive agency for these systems in San Jose. Call and let us talk the matter over with you before you decide upon a school. •an .Jose liisiiiess Second and San Fernando Streets Nothing but Business. W. BOUCHER, Prio. !. Help make distinguished looking men, and for that reason our new winter styles are winning wide popularit} among correct dressers. THE MODBL The Best Store for Mm ' s mi Boy ' s Attire First and San Fernando Sts. San Jose, Cal. Fttll Osie € f dirfetmas Cli Irs Redwood Santa Clara College FEBRUARY, 1905. THE REDWOOD FOSS HICKS Co . W W WSS WWSS No. 45 West vSanta Clara Street SAN JOSE. R eaJ_ state _Lo a n s Investments A select and up-to-date list of just such properties as the Home-Seeker and Investor wants. INSURANCE — Fi j Life, and Accident in the best Companies Zt The Fullest Information Regarding All Lines of Business. Osborne Hall %Sw Santa Clara Cal. Cottage System A private Sanatorium for the care and training of children suffering from Nervous Disorder or Arrested Mental Development. Under the personal management of Aetrim Edgar Osborne M. D., Ph. D. J Formerly and for 15 years Superintendent of the California State Institution for the Feeble Minded, etc. 5 Accomodations in seperate cottages for a few C adults cases seeking Rest Cure and treatment for drug addictions. 3 Rates and particulars on application. cS n jf nk ntjf mjf sys nur i Jf n Jf rt jf jf THE REDWOOD " It Didn ' t Hnrt a Bit " Chicago Dental Parlors W. B. P: RR]SN, D. D. S., Proprietor Established for lo Years Hours 8 a. m. to 6 p. m. Sundays— 9 a. m. to 12 m. W. San Fernando St., San Jose, Cal. Telephone Black 471 Established 1S75 Phone West 462 GEO. W. RYDER SON jE)w:e]i;,:EE.s and sii.v: r.smiths The most extensive and complete stock of NEW Fine Goods. 8 South First Street, Safe Deposit Building, San Jose, Cal. C THAT ykM 40SE,C iL. IS IN U ' R HAT AjjeBit fcKr tlie Celelsrated ECtioac Mat Telephone Black 393 ■ ■• ' -• ' T. MUSGRAVE CO. Watclimakers and Ma-nufactnting Jewelers |i 2995 Sixteeuth Street, San Francisco Chalices and Cilboriums made or repaired Class Pins, Medals and Sodality Pins made to order. Designs Furnished ♦ sf Vj Seaside Store, Santa Cruz S. I,EASK Santa Clara and Los Gatos CROSBY I EASK 276 Church Street N. Y. OFFICE Crosby Leask Dry Goods and Men ' s We a r Kfr. •S.«««»« ® " «5e«««.. «»«..ev,«.n««e» THE REDWOOD .«»»..«««me.f««»m«it«t.e«»..i»»« »».»«tH» «..« »«««»»» H ' «w« " « «» •• " ««» »«4.i •««««« ••«•••■ Pietisre Framing I 27 Grant Avenue San Francisco, Cal. T. W. HOBSON CO Grand Creditor ' s Sale is attracting immensely. We must raise lots of cash and our prices are doing it. If any male member of your family needs anything in the cloth ing line now ' s the time. I We invite the attention of all mothers to inspect our Boys ' and Children ' s Department. Prices cut in half on all Sailor and Blouse suits. Startling reductions on every garment. Cold weather is coming on. Better lay in a supply of clothing while this wonderful sale is in progress. T. W. HOBSON CO. AT TUn BUSY COElN:EB. Fitst and Post Street, San Jose, Cal. ISgmv aracH Kle S ' asit Parlctirj Medaced ie.£ites to Students aud Societies We make a SPECIALTY of getting our work out PROMPTLY, and it is all finished here. Take the elevator at the Dougherty BttiMing. No. 85 South Second Street. Old Pbotos Copied .«..!»..«..« •C»«.«M«W»M«..«U .«»»W«..«M«M««»..«U«»«.t«MS»«»«»a.. THE REDWOOD I AGENTS — ► James A. Bannister Company Geo. G. Snow Co. A Ho-Ka $3.50 Shoe HOFF KAYSER POPULAR PRICE SHOES 95 South First Street - - - - - San Jose Full Dress Suits a Specialty Established 1889 JInqmm the tailor LEADER OF LOW PRICES All the Latest Novelties Direct from Manufacturers Suits to Order $13.50 to $35.00 Pants to Order 3.50 to 10.00 Our $20 Suits equal to any $25 Suit on the market i Zbe Breat Whohsah taihr ' - " ' Sf soutr Jring St. 39 S. Second Street, San Jose INSURANCE ; KATJO SOMAVIA Santa Clara i Distinguished Clothes Help make distinguished looking men, and for that reason our new winter styles are winning wide popularity among correct dressers. I THE MODEL } The Best Store for Mm ' s and Boy ' s Attire f f First and San Fernando Sts. San Jose, Cal. t W f t O ' CONNOR SANITARIUM t coNSacTEDjBY SISTERS OF CHARITY Training School for Nurses In Connection Race and San Carlos Streets SAN JOSE, CAL THE REDWOOD C. F. Swift, President I,eroy Hough, Vice President and Treasurer W. D. Dennett Secretary A Directors— C. F. Swift, I,eroy Hough, Henry J. Crocker, W. D. Dennett and Jesse W. Lilienthal A I CAPXTAI PAID IN $760,000.00 Western Meat Compm Packing House and Stock Yards Distributing Houses South San Francisco, San Mateo Co., Cal. San Francisco, Oakland, San Jose, Sacramento Cable Address STiRFAST, San Francisco Codes A I. A B. C. 4th Edition G: NBRAI OFFIC: : sixth and Townsend St., San Francisco nelson ' s Studio Portraits and Views Newest I ine in Photography and Amateur ' s Supplies Phone Clay 421 11( 3 FratikHti Strcctt Santa Clara PAINLESS DENTISTRY SAVB PAIN! SAVE MONIEYI WHY ? Why do you think dentists should not advertise? Our ads. saj- we fill or extract teeth without pain. We do Crown and Bridgework— the best money buys. We make plates that fit and look natural. Our prices are fair and reasonable, and today hundreds of the best people in San Jose and ' icinity are sending their friends to us, because they know from personal experience that our ads. contain frozen facts. PRICES: Gold Crowu, Porcelain Crown, Bridgework, $5; Gold Filling one dollar up: Cement, Silver, 50c; Painless Extraction 50c. Extraction tree when plates are ordered. mm% nm CO., l l First street No students employed. Ivady attendant. Phone East 302. German spoken Office hours 8:30 a. m. to 6 p. m. Evenings, 7 to 8; Sundays, 9 to 11. Porii Packers and $bit per$ of Dressed % % mutton and Pork J Monarch and Golden Gate Brands Canned Meats, Bacon, Hams and Lard Hides, Pelts Tallow, Fertilizer, Bones, Hoofs, Horn, Etc. THE REDWOOD iunitiinniiiBiniiiniiiiiiininiiiinHinHmnnsiiniuisfinuuiysnieienifininsiSiSHinniniHHiniisniiiiinnnniiiniiiii! S Organs and Small Instruments Sheet Music Talking Machines, Phonographs and Records Piano Players I C. S. ENGLE I HIGH ORADB PIANOS E 56, 58, 60 ast Santa Clara Street, San Jose, Cal. H Over twenty years ' experience with leading Manufacturers. Tea years with Steinway Sons, New York. = Kxpert Tuning and Repairing a Specialty. Satisfaction Guaranteed. Telephone James iiqi REV. FATHER J. M. CASSIN. ™ ST. ROSE ' S CHURCH S s Santa Rosa, Cal,, June 3, 1904. ;S George MAYERLE— Dear Sir: I received the glasse. ? yesterday. I am much pleased with them, and S ™ think your bill moderate. I inclose the amount, and remain; yours sincerely, J. M. Cassin. :2s George Mayerle ' s Eye Water A perfectly harmless and effective remedy, makes weak eyes strong, diseased eyes well, Rest tired eyes Price 50c. By Mail 62c. If your druggist does not keep it order direct from George Mayerle, 1071 Market street, San Francisco George Mayerle ' s antiseptic eveglass cleaners, 2 for 25c. A WARNING TO THE PUBI IC When wishing to consult George Mayerle, the German Expert Optician, 1071 Market street, regard- ing the condition of the eyes, avoid mistaking the place b3 ' looking for the name " GDEOS-GIS MAY]S3R.1VB " on the window B3SFORB ISNT RING. PO RTI N Gl GOODS Baseball Supplies Athletic Suits and Uniforms MARKET Factory — 24 Second St. San Francisco i?siiuunnnn8n!!HHnn!iiHHti!nfHyinnH)!!yiissys!aayi!SJss3S!9!y!S{iii9i!Hi !8iiss9nutH!nuH!i!yigmnnn8UiMUHiHnui THE REDWOOD iimmnnni!innniiiiH!!niiiiin!iininn]Hiunii!nignn!3n!S!3nn5n3i!n!EsinMeinn!ni9!!ni2nssHnH2ig! I ARE YOU GOING TO PLAY I ASEBALL ? We Have Just What You Need. I JERSEYS AND SWEATERS | S Quality — the Best. Prices — tlie I,owest. S I YOU SELECT THE COLORS-WE DO THE REST I I OUR MII,I,S ARB THE I ARGBST IN THB ¥ BST I ' yCint lSr S 20 POST STREET | I TJlattem C francisco, cai. | I The Big New vStore J, J. GSLDEA CO. With the Uttle Prices | I We Make a Specialty | ■OF- mm I Boy ' s and Youth ' s Clothes | = The entire second floor of our Palatial new § S store is heavil} ' - stocked with a peerless line of = = Young Men ' s College Suits and Overcoats, cut = = on the same swell lines as our Men ' s Clothes = S and priced at lower figures than ever named for 5 i like high class goods. i I OUR SHOW AND FURNISHING DEPART- I i MENTS— You ' ll find headquarters for the best | s class of goods ever placed on sale in this city. = I It Y ill Fay You to ' ' Get to know Us | I J. J, GILDEA CO, I I 1028-1030 Market St., between Powell and Mason Sts., San Francisco, Cal. 5 iiunmi]niiHiiHii9njLuui!9!i!miHi;!!!inEHSiyi3ninysisiy!fiynE8iuiHi!nii!!miisiinssn!U3imiU!!in!i!H GmJ iit To A Star (Poem) . - . . Sophomore ' oj 241 Mary Stuart ' s I ast Prayer - - R. H. Shepherd, ' 07 242 The G01.DEN Agk (Poem) - - - B, K, ' 07 246 Basii. and Modkstus - - - M. C. O ' Toole ' 07 247 ThKn and Now (Poem) - - - H. F. ' 05 2 Bkn Simon . . - . Sophojnore, 252 A Broken Friendship (Poem) - - E. D., ' 08 262 Heroes and Heroes - - - Fred Hecker, ' oy 263 Kditoriai. — The New Year 266 Coi LEGE Notes 269 In the Library - 274 Exchanges - ...... 275 Athi,etics - 277 Nace Printing Co. Omiom0 | abe:l Santa Clara Entered Dec. r8, go2, at Santa Clara, Calif, as second-class matter, under Act of Congress of March j, 1879. Vol. IV. SANTA CLARA, CAL., FEB., 1905. No. 5 TO A STAR Mell me, p iar, ' ' wimmin the asure deeps of iii hi Jn silent £lorif, he secret of thy lone, mysterious flight; eaoh me, p tar, hy story. each me the way 0 huild the hi h, uplifting theme 0 things of worth; s thou dost huild the beauty of thy dream,, hen dies the day (From arth eaoh me of ne, eyond these cloud-strewn vales of sorrow, here sufferings cease; lead m e to the dawn of that sweet morrow, Where shines the un eaae. ophomore, ' 03. 242 THE REDWOOD MARY STUART ' S LAST PRAYES The nature of this paper, — a dissertation on various translations of the last prayer of Mary, Queen of Scots, — renders it necessary to delay for a brief space upon the salient events in the unfortu- nate queen ' s life. " In its happiest efforts, translation is but ap- proximation; and its efforts are not alvva) s happy. " One may write a good poem in imitation of an original, but to reproduce the original is another and far more difficult thing, because in transla- tion, especially of poetry, one cannot well produce an effect like the original without a corresponding metrical form, and the attempt cannot be at once metrical and literal. Accuracy, or an approach towards accuracy, if that alone be possible, demands on the part of the translator that he enter into the feelings of the composer. In the case before us we cannot feel what Mary Stuart felt on the eve of her execution, and therefore cannot judge of the merits and demerits of the following translations, unless we recall to mind the events that preceded her fatal end. A note of pathos runs through her whole life. If there were moments of triumph, they were but given, it would seem, by way of preparation for deeper griefs and more heart-rending wrongs. She was one of those unhappy mortals to whom, speaking human- ly, life is unbearable and death a boon. A widow at eighteen bj the death of her first and on ly true loved one, Francis II; unhappj in her second marriage, by reason of the brutal and profligate con- duct of her husband, Darnley; forced to witness the unwarranted murder of her foreign secretary (according to some, her chaplain) Rizzio; united in marriage, against her will, with Bothwell the murderer of Darnley, imprisoned through jealously b} ' - her cousin Elizabeth and abandoned by her son James, King of Scotland, she was finally condemned to death as guilty of high treason. Such in brief was the pathetic career of Mary Stuart. And yet through it all she bore herself with Christian resigna- tion and fortitude. Perhaps the very poignancy of sorrow made her realize that she was not for this world; certainly she was con- vinced that friendship with human beings was, in her case, futile; and she turned her heart to God. " 0 care mi Jesu " she could THE REDWOOD 243 exclaim, when those, who should have been friendly, caluirjn- ated and persecuted her. It is with one of the man} ' manifestations of this devout spirit with which this paper has to do. Found in her pra ' erbcok, (which is still preserved) and composed most probably by herself, this her dying prayer is what one acquainted with her life might expect, so full of unction is it, and of confidence in Christ. ' 0 Domine Deus, Speravi in te, O care mi Jesu, Nunc libera me! In dura catena, In misera poena Desidero te; lyanguendo, gemendo Et genuflectendo Adoro, imploro libera me. " We might concern ourselves with the sweetness and the de- votion of the prayer itself; it is surely worthy of the great queen and, when we consider that during its composition the death knell was ringing in her ears, it becomes more admirable still. It may be for this reason that several poets of note attempted a transla- tion of the prayer into English. We shall give some of these ver- sions, with the twofold purpose of making the prayer more widely known, and of studying the various possibilities in translation. Swinburne begins the Fifth Act of his " Mary Stuart " with the following version: " O Lord, ray God 1 have trusted in Thee, Jesu, my dearest one, Now set me free, In prison ' s oppression, In sorrow ' s obsession, I weary for Thee. With sorrow and crying Bowed down in dying, 1 adore Thee, I implore Thee, set me free. " 244 i ' HB RJSDWOOD That the thought is preserved no one acquainted with suffic- ient I,atin to understand the original, will deny. " In prison ' s op- pression " and " In sorrow ' s obsession " are a trifle out of touch with " In dura catena " and ' ' In misera poena " ; but the idea is there. The idea of ' ' genuflectendo " is not so well rendered by " Bowed down in dying, " and this seems to be the only variation in sense. The emotion, which in this case is devotion, will of course depend on the reading and perhaps on the personal inclina- tion of the reader towards devotion; but the version, beyond all doubt, retains a deal of the Latin fervor. Another translation has been made by Denis Florence Mc- Carthy. It runs as follows: " Lord, God, all my hope is In Thee, only Thee! O Jesu, my Savior, Now liberate me! In chains that have bound me, In pains that surround me, Still longing for Thee. Here kneeling, appealing, My misery feeling. Adoring, imploring — Oh! liberate me. " The reader will notice that the Irish bard has taken certain liberties with the original. His purpose was, seemingly, to give that peculiar ring for which Irish poets are so justly praised. There is a ring, no doubt, but it reminds one of the national airs of old Ire- land, which however good in themselves, are hardly appropriate for the poor queen of Scots in the circumstances. Perhaps no translation can do justice to the Latin; it is so sweet, so prayerful, so simple. It will do no harm however to add a few of the many translations submitted, on request, to the Red- wood. It were presumption to class them with the two versions above quoted, but it is a curious fact, that though written inde- pendently of one another and without any reference to the former two, they seem to be more like the Latin in tone and emotion. The fact is explained by stating that the translators were requested to aim at simplicity and accuracy. THK RKDWOOO 245 " My Lord, my God I have hoped in Thee; loving Jesu, Deliver me! In hard, hard chains, In grievous pains, I long for Thee: With tear-dimmed eye With heart-deep sigh 1 adore Thee, I cry: Deliver Thou me! " This was translated for the Redwood, without any reference, as already stated, to the versions of Swinburne and McCarthy. It is needless to add any comments further than, that the translator omitted altogether the ' genuflectendo " or else thought it sufficient- ly expressed in the words, " I adore Thee; " but the Latin " Adoro " corresponds to this. Then in the ' ' hard, hard chains " there is, in the struggle for meter, a departure from the simplicity of " In dura catena, " — Following is another attempt; " O Lord, my God My hope art Thou , My Savior dear Come, free me now! In bonds the while, In durance vile I long for Thee; For Thee I sigh, To Thee I cry; On bended knee Thee I adore, Thee I implore — Oh set me free! " With the exception of the line: " Come, free me now in which, at the sacrifice of accent, the translator introduced the ' •nunc, " the above is pretty faithful and not without its harmony and devotion. But to the following the present writer, though fully cognizant 246 THE REDWOOD of the presumption entailed, awards the palm. It is the work of an old graduate of Santa Clara who, through modesty, wishes his name withheld. ' 0 Lord my God I hope in Thee! O Jesu dearest Set me free! Hard is my chain. And sore my pain, Pining for Thee. Heart sick I languish, And in my anguish Still kneel to Thee, Adorningly, imploringly, O set me free! " It is a faithful and devotional rendition, free from the racy elements and the inaccuracies of some of the others; it cannot, in my opinion be improved on as a translation, though the truth of the matter is that, speaking strictly, a translation is impossible. There is something in the Latin which is inimitable. R. H. sShephkrd, 07. THE GOLDKN AGE, Come, Muse, pray don ' t be silly, dear, With dewdrops in thine eyes, Lamenting o ' er the good things lost When great Jove gained the skies. " Alas! the Golden Age is dead! " Nay, Muse, unjust that sigh; There ' s not a " good thing " going that " Almighty gold can ' t buy! " B. Y. ' 07. THE REDWOOD 247 BASIL AND MODESTUS ' ' Basil, from his multiplied trials, may be called the Jeremiah or Job of the fourth century, though occupying the honored place of ruler of the Church at a time when heathen violence was over. He had a sickly constitution to which he added the rigor of an ascetic life. He Vv as surrounded by jealousies and diSvSensions at home; he was accused of heterodoxy abroad; he was insulted and roughly treated by great men; and he labored, apparently without fruit, in the endeavor to restore unity to Christendom and stabil- ity to its Churches. If temporal afflictions work out for the saints an exceeding weight of glory, ' who is higher in the kingdom of heaven than Basil? " Thus Cardinal Newman writes of one whom he himself re- sembled, if not in temporal afflictions, — though the great Cardinal had his share of these, — certainly in depth of mind and energy of purpose. It is one of Newman ' s glories that he did more than any other English writer to create an interest in the old Fathers. His essays on Basil, Gregory, Anthony, Augustin, Chrysostom and the rest are master-strokes in their way and if he was not the chief cause in winning back for the Fathers their proper standing in the intellectual world of England, he was surely one of the causes. But it is not with Newman nor with Patristic writers gener- ally that we have to do at present. Our purpose is to put into English verse a little episode from the life of the great Basil. Gregory, his friend and companion bishop, has left us manj beauti- ful tributes to the slerliug qualities of Basil ' s character. The dis- pute with the Prefect Modestus may stand as a model of the rest. Basil, a short while after his elevation to the episcopal see of Caesarea was brought into open collision with the Arians. He was one of the few Eastern bishops that remained firm in the Catholic faith, and he remained firm in spite of opposition and persecution. Valens, a bitter i .rian, had determined to depose or to Arianize all the bishops of the East. With this in view he made a tour throughout his dominions, preceded by Modestus, his Prefect, whose duty it was to gain by bribes and flattery the sub- 248 THE REDWOOD mission of the bishops prior to the Emperor ' s arrival. He suc- ceeded in many cases, but in Basil he met a man who was deter- mined to remain faithful to his religion. The following is the con- clusion of Gregory ' s account of the meeting and of the conversa- tion that took place. Modestus endeavored at first to win the great saint by flatter- ing bribes; he now bursts forth into invective, and attempts to gain by threats what he failed to get by fraud. Basil is as constant as a rock. Modestus — What meaneth this, thou self-willed, stubborn man ? Woulds ' t thwart the Emperor ' s representative ? Basil — What meanest thou? Wherein is my offense? Mod. — Why, sir, in lack of reverence towards him Who rules the East, whom all the East obeys, — Yea and thy colleagues. Basil — A mightier one commands It otherwise with me; no earthly king May rule my conscience, sir! A creature I And as such bow to God alone; ray king Is naught to Him. Mod. — For whom dost take me, sir? Basil — I hold thee nothing worth while thou dost urge On me this base iniquity. Mod. — And dost thou set at naught my rank, ray power, My favor with the Emperor? Basil — Thou hast, I own, high influence; much power on earth Is given thee; thou art in noble place,— But still the power and majesty of God Are greater far than thine, and for His sake I prize thy fellowship, for we are both God ' s creatures; but the lowliest of my flock Is far more dear to me than thou, kind sir; For Christians prize not noble place, nor power Nor wealth, nor aught — but faith. THE REDWOOD 249 Mod. — If thou dost hold My fellowship thus lowly, fearest thou not My vengeance. Sir, beware, for I have power To harm as well as power to help. Basii, — With what Dost threaten me, Modestus ? Mod. — Penalties Severe, the punishment a Prefect may Inflict on those offending. Basil— Tell me what They be! Mod. — Why confiscation, exile, all Those things most terrible, e ' en torture, death. Basil — Thou needs ' t must find some other threat, for I Am far beyond the reach of these. What risk Of confiscation does he run who hath Not aught to lose; a few poor books Are all I have. Nor yet is exile feared By one who hath no fixed abode on earth, But wand ' reth through the world from place to place. vStill less of horror hath for me the thought Of tortures; one hard blow would fell this irame So frail with age and wasted by disease. Nay, rather, ' twere as something gained, for I Have journeyed long towards God and this Would end my wanderings, end my woes and send A pilgrim to his Father Whom he serves. Mod. — No man has ever yet attempted thus To parley with Modestus. Basil— Who perhaps Has ne ' er addressed a bishop; else had he Full surel} heard like words. Modestus, oh Great Prefect, in ail other things are we More gentle than all living men, for such Is the commandment; so as not to raise Our brow, — I say not ' gainst ' so great a prince, ' — Not even ' gainst the lowliest of men. But when the honor of our God ' s at stake, 250 THE REDWOOD Ah then all else becomes as naught with us; We reck not what the cost may be, nor count The toil or pain, but trusting in His power. In Whose high cause we fight, unmoved as stands A solid rock against the surging seas, We heed not what our foes may say, nor fear What they may do. Go tell the Emperor I will not do his bidding; fire, nor sword, Nor beasts of prey shall move me from my cause. I will not sanction his false creed: go bid Him do his worst! This firmness on the part of Basil conquered Valens and, though a determined Arian, he had generosity and humanity enough to dismiss Basil without punishment. The life of the great saint is full of such heroic deeds. L,et this, as we re- marked in the beginning, serve as a model. M. C. O ' TooLE, ' 07. THE REDWOOD 251 THEN AND NOW Out in the crispy air of night On Bethlehem ' s star-lit plain, My soul beheld a vision bright And heard a thrilling strain; Down from the vales of Paradise, A wondrous message bringing, Angelic hosts o ' er raptured skies A song of peace were flinging ! Out on a plain where the murdVous lead Its hell-taught tale has told, And the scattered bones of the myriad dead Lie bleaching in the cold; Out in the gloom of a starless night Where wintry winds are sighing, I now behold a ghastly sight: The war-god ' s victims dying! Shame ! shall the cursed reign of Might And savage Greed ne ' er cease? Shame ! will an age of vaunted light Aye mock the Prince of Peace? Death to your boast of the nobler life A cultured world is leading. While man meets man in deadly strife And Nations ' hearts are bleeding! H. F. ' 05, 252 THE REDWOOD BEN SIMON The shadows of night had fallen over the Dead Sea; all was quiet and motionless, save where the calm light of the moon cast a streak of trembling silver across the waters. Two men of dark, care-worn features had hidden their little smack in a secret alcove formed by the Cedron just before it empties its sluggish burden into the still more sluggish Mare Mortuum. " I do not like these moonlight nights, Gamiel, " said the younger of the two. ' No more do I, friend Simon, " came the whispered reply. " We should not be safe if pursued— but where is our light ? Ah, there it is; Zekiel awaits us and we must hasten, for our business is pressing. The two hurried stealthily along the brink of the Cedron in the direction of the light. Zekiel was there, as had been ar- ranged, and with him three trusty Arabian steeds equipped for a journey. " Gamiel, " queried Simon, as he set his eyes upon the well formed steeds, " are we to proceed at once to our business. " " We are; it is but a two hour ' s run to Jerusalem down the valley, but for caution ' s sake I mean to cross the desert to Hero- dion, thence through Btham to Bethlehem, where Berchonias dwells. The prospects are grand and he must lose his money or his life, — perhaps both. " The information was pleasing to the young mind of Simon. Never, since his fourteenth year, had he come into contact with others than brigands and outlaws; his ideals were those of a crim- inal, his aspirations bloody and revengeful. In dreams he thought of plunder, in conversation he spoke of it, and it was his purpose to make a practice of it in life. The publicans, above all other men, were his enemies. They had ruined his father ' s estate, they had dispersed his family, and, if he was leading a desperate life, they were to blame. He hated them and it was this hatred that had urged him, though but eighteen, to join the brigands to- night in their attack upon Berchonias, the rich publican. " Revenge or death! " he whispered to Gamiel as they approach THE REDWOOD 253 tbe sleeping city of Herodion. ' These are my aspirations, these my hopes. " " Be not too hasty, boy, " was the elder ' s counsel, ' you know not yet what dangers beset this work of ours; it is hazardous in the extreme; Berchonias has many guards, and then again, we may not find him as we hope. " The thought of possible disappointment was too much for the ardent youth. He longed for what he considered something noble, and thirsting to satisfy this longing he could not brook the thought of failure. He could scarcely be persuaded to break his gloomy silence until on the afternoon of the following day the three had reached their object point, — a secluded spot by the roadside within a stone ' s throw from the dwelling of Berchonias. Then he spoke merely to express his formal greeting to the other brigands who had gathered on the spot according to prearranged plans. There they intended to remain until the publican ' s return from Jerusalem and, they were informed, this would be towards dusk or not at all. But as darkness began to overshadow the earth they grew impatient and Gamiel found it difficult to keep them together. Twenty rough, hardened criminals are not managed with ease, and these were rougher and more hardened than the ordinary. " He may still come, " explained the chief, " have patience. If he fails us there is his home, rich in costly hangings, in plate of silver and gold and, who knows, there may be caskets of talents hidden within its secret recesses. " He had hardly finished when one of the robbers, who had b een watching for the least sign of prey, turned to his comrades, and with his hand to his mouth, whispered audibly: " They come! " The young heart of Simon throbbed wildly within him as he rushed to the speaker ' s side. He looked out and saw, to his infin- ite surprise, not Berchonias, but an humble couple, — a middle-aged man and a maiden, who might pass as his daughter, — coming calmly and peacefully along the road. Simon watched them; the face of the maiden, though downcast, seemed a miracle of beauty to the eyes of one accustomed to gaze on the hardened visages of brigands. The long, flowing locks falling gracefully and modestly about her shoulders, lent an appropriate setting to her fine features that 254 THE REDWOOD shone, now that she was nearing the earnest observer, like a ray of light in upon the heart of Simon. " Ah! " ejaculated one of the men, " this is easy prey! " " Prey! " responded Simon in anger. ' %et one of you approach these two peaceful travelers and death from my hand will greet the coward! " There was a determined ring in the young man ' s voice which commanded respect. Some bitter remarks were made in reply, which might have had serious consequences had not Gamiel come to the rescue. Hark! " he whispered. " They are upon us and we must not reveal our hiding place. Berchonias is our prey; this poor man and daughter must not be disturbed. They have nothing worthy of our arms. " The order was final. Simon, whose heart beat less vio- lently, was the only one not to retire. Anxious to catch their words he listened attentively as the two strangers passed him by. " Are we nigh unto the city, Joseph? " came, in musical tones, the voice of the young maiden. " Yea, Mary, " was the answer, " yet two hours more and we shall be in Bethlehem. " " Ah, Bethlehem, if thou didst know the time of thy visita- tion and that in this hour the Word made flesh doth visit thee! " The words were Mary ' s, uttered more in the spirit of a prayer than as a remark to her companion. With this they had turned a bend in the road. A thick cluster of shrubs to Simon ' s right shut out further view. Yet within his heart there was a something which he could not well fathom. It was, he thought, on a night similar to this that my father was way- laid and murdered. Maybe, had I not been here, these strangers would have met the same fate; and they may yet be troubled ere they reach the city. The thought was an inspiration. A moment later Simon was in the presence of Gamiel requesting leave to fol- low and, if need be, protect the strangers. The master brigand rejoiced at the opportunity; he feared for the constancy of the youth and this was an occasion of getting rid of him before the attack on the home of Berchonias. ' ' Go, " he said, " and join us on the morrow at Herodion. " THE REDWOOD 255 ' 1 shall, " said the youth, and tightening his small sword be- neath his mantle, he was off in haste. It was not long before he again caught sight of the strangers. They had proceeded slowly and he had run. When, however, he was within a few yards of them his courage failed. What could he do? What could he say? He had half determined to go back when the travelers paused to rest by the roadside. He was observed and could not now turn without causing suspicion. " Art thou not afraid to be overtaken by darkness? " he asked of Joseph, as the latter stood out on the road to greet him. " Nay, friend, " said Joseph, " we fear not. The light of God is with us and that is sufficient. " " But, " urged Simon, " there are brigands on the way to Beth- lehem, and they may harm you. " " Brigands we fear not, " Joseph assured him, " the Lord hath given his angels charge over man that he dash not his foot against a stone. " This was new doctrine for Simon, but he heeded not the clos- ing words. His eyes were fixed in rapture upon the maiden who knelt at the roadside utterly uncon.scious of his presence, lost, it seemed to him, in prayer. The strangeness of the situation, the ecstatic appearance of the maiden aroused his curiosity and he de. termined to get a word from her. " And art thou not afraid of the darkness overtaking thee? " he asked of her. She arose from her kneeling posture and approached Joseph, without raising her eyes from the ground. " There is a Light that shineth in the darkness, " she said, " the true Light that enlighteneth every man that cometh into the world. " " Where is this Light? " asked Simon, half doubting whether the words were addressed to him or not. " He is in the world, " said she, " and the world was made by Him and the world knows Him not. " There was a dignity and a fervor in Mary ' s voice and a light was on her countenance as she uttered these words. Simon over- come with admiration fell upon his knees exclaiming: " Holy maiden, I am a wretched man. Pray for me. " 256 THE REDWOOD " Be of good courage, friend, " replied Joseph as he signaled to Mary to advance. We shall pray for thee and of this be sure: the lyight of which thou hast heard to-night will find thee some day and illumine thy mind, and make thee heir to the Kingdom of Heaven. Farewell. " Simon was beside himself with v onder. He watched the two as they proceeded slowly out of sight. " I shall follow them to Bethlehem, " he said within himself, and see more of them on the morrow. His resolution was quickly formed; he hastened to his feet and cutting across fields and over hills he reached the town in less than an hour and procured a room in the principal inn. After a hasty supper he took his place with the other guests about the fireplace and entered with earnestness into the discussions and the comments of the party. The conversation drifted very natur- ally to the ambitious claims of Augustus, and the haughty con- duct of the enrolling agents. Some were for massacring every Roman official in the town, others were inclined to give false data and deceive the Emperor. " And this is Bethlehem! " exclaimed the innkeeper, who had listened all the while, without comments, to the discussions of the guests. Bethlehem, not the least among the princes of Juda, whence shall come forth a Leader to rule the people of Israel! Now if ever there is need for a ruler; Israel is a sink of corrup- tion, a base community of slaves. Instead of rising up in arms to overthrow the tyrant we bow before him acknowledging his supremacy, instead of throwing off the yoke we are fastening it upon our necks. Coward slaves, degenerate sons of David! " When Bathias had finished, the servant entered and an- nounced two strangers who sought a shelter for the night. " Who are they? " demanded Bathias. " One Joseph and his wife from Nazareth. " " Of the House of David? " urged the innkeeper. " That I did not ask. " " Return then, " he continued, " and ascertain their lineage. Tell them moreover that the inn is crowded; but for two pieces of silver w e shall make room. The servant soon returned with the answer: " They are of THE REDWOOD 257 the House of David; but silver they have not. It is their request to be lodged here for the love of the God of Israel. " There is no place for them in the inn. " Bathias spoke these last words with an air of dignity and of scorn, nor would he have given the matter further thought had not Simon, who was attentively studying the situation, arisen and approached the haughty proprietor indignantly. " No place for them in the inn? " he asked. " They are of the House of David, sir, and v ill you sufier them to remain out of doors on a night like this? Shame! " " Speak not thus to me, stranger, or by the God of Israel, I shall turn you out also. " " I leave of my own accord, " said Simon, " but mark this well, slave, I shall return erelong. The youth was soon on the street, and his first thought was about Mary and Joseph. Informed, after a futile search for well nigh an hour, that the two had been directed to a stable on the hill-side he hastened to overtake them with a desire to offer his assistance. A thin layer of snow had fallen during his brief stay in the inn, but the clouds had blown away, the stars were shining with wonderful brilliancy through the cold and silent air. Simon hurried, but it was not until a half hour before midnight that he came in sight of the stable. There it was alone on the bare hillside exposed to the winds, covered with snow, and lighted only by the pale beams of the sinking moon. His heart beat anxiously within him. He would approach and offer his services; he might build a fire or fetch water or provide provisions, — but lo! when he was within a few hundred yards from the place a brightness seemed to flow from within. He paused, astonished and awestricken. The light was superhuman. " Ah, " thought he, " it is that of which they spoke, the ' Light that shineth in the darkness. ' Surely they are not of this earth. " As he thus gazed in ecstacy upon the scene he heard a thousand voices echoing through the hills. O such strains of triumph and of joy! Poor Simon unable to bear the vision longer threw himself upon the ground and hid his face in his hands and wept and prayed as he had never wept or prayed 258 THE REDWOOD before. It was in this posture that some neighboring shepherds found him soon after. " Tell me, I pray, the cause of tHis midnight festivity? " he asked, feeling more at ease now that he was in the presence of mortals. " The cause, " said one of the shepherds, pointing to the stable, " is there. Come with us and you will see the power and the majesty of God. " Simon went and knelt to adore the Infant Son of her whom he had seen on the road to Bethlehem. Fain would he have offered his assistance but a sense of his unworthiness withheld him. Long into the morning he watched and prayed and wept for his sinful past; but, poor man, he was soon to relapse again into his former vicious ways. He had half determined to reform, but on his way to Bethlehem early that morning the sight of the inn awoke the spirit of revenge and he welcomed the opportunity of stilling the voice of conscience. A double injustice had been committed and retribution would be demanded. With this idea uppermost in his mind he repaired in haste to Herodion, where, to his infinite surprise, he found not a single com- rade. He made inquiries for Gamiel and at the first mention of the criminal ' s name was apprehended and sent a prisoner to Jeru- salem. The attack on the house of Berchonias had been antici- pated, the robbers, — some slain, others taken prisoners, — were frus- trated in the attempt and Simon found himself in a dark dungeon waiting trial for robbery. He was innocent but it mattered not. As one of the brigand band he was condemned to pass the rest of his life in servitude, and a hard, hard lot was his. For one score and five years he was forced to serve an exacting master in Assyria. When, however, the master died, he was released through the generosity of his mistress. Liberty was his, but he could not return to Judea in safety. An exile he must remain or else, if he would return, a life of brig- andage was all that he could hope for. He was not long how- ever, in making a decision. The twenty-five years of wrong in- fluenced him; he would return, even as an outlaw, and seek in crime his long cherished revenge. It was an easy matter to find allies, the hills of Judea were alive with outlaws and Simon was THE REDWOOD 259 soon in their midst. Desperate and vicious h e led the bands, his hand was stained with blood, his heart longed for more; but fate, as he put it, was against him. After seven years of freedom he was captured in an attack upon the publicans of Beersheba. Con- demned to death he was thrown into a horrid dungeon to await the fatal day. It was during this second captivity that he recalled for the first time the mysterious night of thirty-three years ago. During his exile and his period of crime he had not reflected; now in the gloom of his dungeon he had leisure for thought and the scene came to him with awful vividness. How he longed for a ray of that Heavenly Light to pierce the darkness now, how he sighed for another opportunity to kneel and adore; but all hope was gone and he often begged the guards to hasten his execution. On one such occasion when, in supreme misery, he asked the guard to inform him of the day on which he was to suffer death, he was greeted with the heartless answer: " To-day, Simon, to-day. " " And the manner? " asked the prisoner. ' ' Crucifixion, " was the answer. It was close to eleven o ' clock on that fatal morning when Simon was called upon to take his cross and carry it to Golgotha. " My God! " he exclaimed, " What is this! It is the Passover! Am I to be made a public spectacle? " " Not so, " said the guard, " you are but to add dignity to another execution, you are to fill in the picture. Ben Simon, and Bar Raphael are to be but minor criminals on either side of a blasphemous subverter of the people. " " His name? " asked Simon. " Jesus of Nazareth, the Son of Joseph the carpenter and one Mary of the House of David. " That was enough for Simon. He hastened to take his cross, he kissed it, and remarked in alow voice to the guard: " I am the most fortunate of men. " The guard, not understanding the remark, hurried him out through the gates. Simon gazed around about him; all was bustle and confusion; the mob shouted frantic- ally, the soldiers and the priests of the law hurried to and fro, some pitied the condemned criminal, others taunted him, he himself 26o THE REDWOOD heeded not the mob, nor the shouts nor the stones that were thrown at Him Who led the doleful march up towards Golgotha. One thought was uppermost in his mind: " I wonder if that angelic woman whom I saw at Bethlehem is here. If I could but speak words of comfort unto her! " But then his sinfulness came back to his mind and he wept for grief. During the painful march to death Simon kept his eyes on the ground partly through shame, partly through a spirit of prayer. The songs of the angels that he had heard so long ago resounded in his ears and made him rejoice to suffer death in His company for Whom the angels had sung. Only once during the progress was his mind taken from these thoughts. He and Bar Raphael were struggling at a distance of fifty yards from the main crowd. There was a halt of a sudden, the shouts increased and Simon gazed ahead. He saw the soldiers forcing a stranger to carry the cross of Jesus of Nazareth and a moment later his eyes fell upon a scene that pierced his heart through and through; a woman had endeavored to avail herself of the pause to greet the Man Who led the way; but she was thrust aside by the brutal arm of a soldier and stood apart weeping. It is His mother, thought Simon, and he wept. A few moments later he was within speaking distance. " Pray for a poor wretch, oh holy one, " he exclaimed as he turned and gazed at her. " Have confidence, my child, " was the reply. " For such as thou art doth my dear Son die. Ask Him for forgiveness. " The procession moved on and soon the summit was reached. A circle was formed for the three condemned, but no notice was taken of Simon and Bar Raphael. All eyes were fixed on Jesus of Nazareth. Simon was no exception; he gazed upon the spotless form of the Man of Sorrows as it was stretched upon the cross, he heard with heart-deep anguish the sound of the hammer that drove the nails through the hands and feet of Him Whose birth the angels had celebrated and he thought of the me aning of it all. " Father forgive them for they know not what they do, " were the first words Simon heard, and he heard them just as his own cross was being elevated into the air. " Forgive them! " The words were unintelligible as he looked out upon the sea of THE REDWOOD 261 human faces distorted with rage and as he heard the thundering shouts of scorn and the hisses of the nearby priests. Forgive them! and they have crucified Him! While thus he reflected his compan- ion broke out into abusive language and this was his opportunity; he upbraided the criminal ' s blasphemy and turning to Jesus of Naza- reth he besought Him saying: " Lord remember me when Thou comest into Thy kingdom! " His reward was great; he had coafi- dence, he repented and he was deemed worthy to hear the consol- ing words: " This day thou shalt be with me in Paradise! " Sophomore. 262 THE RKDWOOD A BROKEN FRIENDSHIP Upon mid-ocean s circle lone The moisture-laden winds had died, Two ships, becalmed, lay side by side, From distant climes together thrown. The crews with fellow-feeling flung Aside the bars of tongue and race, For nature ' s bands all men embrace, And eye and hand outspeak the tongue. Warm friendships grew, but soon there bore Upon the ships a sudden gale That lashed the sea and rent the sail; — They parted — ah! for evermore. On life ' s lone voyage, years ago I touched a heart that beat with mine In youthful friendship ' s chord divine. That thrilled my heart with love ' s warm glow. Each other ' s second soul we seemed. Our mine and thine their meanings blent, We hand in hand forever went ; Time spent apart time lost we deemed. Alas ! came gusty slander o ' er Our tranquil sea and round us high Beat passion ' s waves. My friend and I Shall meet, I fear, — oh nevermore! E. D. ' 08. THE REDWOOD 263 HEROES AND HEROES ' Xincoln, Mazzini, Lamennais Living the things that others pray; Cromwell, St. Francis, and the rest Bearing the God-fire in the breast — These are the sons of sacred flame, Their brows marked with the secret name; The company of souls supreme, The conscripts of the mighty dream. " These lines were written by Mr. Edwin Markham, a Califor- nian not unknown to fame. His pen, oftentimes dipped in poetic ink, has won for its wielder a great deal of glory at home and not a little renown abroad. He has, no one can doubt, a poetic vein, and though his social principles have not always been approved, this much may be said in his praise, that they are expressed in a manner that has attracted notice and called forth many comments. Californians generally feel proud of him and it is not my purpose to disparage or in any way belittle the poet who created the " Man with the Hoe. " All I would claim is that be either wrote the lines that begin this article when he was indisposed or that he was deceived by the oracle. I incline rather to the second opinion, because Mr. Markham is not the man to indite poetry in haste. He spent ten years on his " Man with the Hoe " and unless faciUty has vitiated his taste, which I do not think possible, he would do nothing rash. He has a reputation to sustain and he intends to sustain it. It remains therefore that the oracle played him false. I incline to this sup- position all the more readily because the matter is of a kind in which deception is quite possible. The oracles are still wont to scatter about promiscuously names and words and sentences, and if one puts them together without sufficient discrimination the re- sult may be perplexing. Thus I suppose Mr. Markham did and and this is the reason why the name of Lincoln is in the same line with that of Mazzini. Li7icoln and Mazzini! write them together, sound them, weigh them, and they will answer the tests of Cas- 264 THE REDWOOD sius; but conjure with them and oh the difference! Lincoln the great Emancipator, the Preserver of the Union, the Martyr, will stir up the blood of patriotism to its highest ebb; but Mazzini, the robber, the scoundrel, the apostate, is a man whose name begets horror in the mind and nausea unmentionable. Why did Mark- ham put them side by side? Was it to elevate Mazzini to the height of Lincoln or to pull the latter down to the level of the Ital- ian criminal? The general spirit of the lines makes the former in- tention evident. But hold, Sir Edwin, we pray not to live a life similar to that of the murderer of Rossi! The introduction of Lamennais is not so monstrously insult- ing. The rhyme required his name and then the poor unfortunate rebel was not so very bad, at least in comparison with Mazzini. Pride ruled his life, and he became an apostate, and an apostate should not stand in the same catalogue as Lincoln. But listen to this: ' ' Cromwell, St. Francis. ' ' Shades of de- parted heroes defend us! Pilate, Nero, Diocletian, Julian the Apostate, but Cromwell — never! He wa s not even a good soldier, else how could he sanction the slaughter of women and children at Drogheda and throughout his whole Irish campaign? He was not a man, else how could he bribe aud deceive and write spiritual letters home to the Parliament? He was not a worthy statesman, for he was a regicide, he covered England with misery and want and killed its intellectual and moral life, or so all but killed it that no signs were given of its existence, except occasional outbursts, until the reign of Queen Anne. Is he to stand with St. Francis? The poet must mean Francis of Assisi, because this Saint, strange- ly enough, is popular with people outside the Catholic Church. St. Francis the man of God, the poor founder of the Friars Minor, the saint whose penances amounted almost to self-torture, who traveled on foot through Italy and preached Christ Crucified, and who was so signally rewarded by his Master as to receive the holy stgimata — is he to be compared to Cromwell? Heaven forbid! What would the slayer of women and children have thought of the comparison? I shall not attempt to say, but, were he living, Markham would do Vvell to keep out of his way. What would the humble man of Assisi have thought? In his humility he would have rejoiced, for he considered himself the greatest of sinners and THE REDWOOD 265 the most abject of men; but it would require humility as deep as his to sustain the dreadful outrage. And yet in this peculiar collection of heroes Markham has but echoed the sentiments of many an historian, and many a critic writing in the plain language ol prose, without the shackles of meter or the demands of rhyme. The following is a sentence that is more blameworthy than the whole poem of Markham: " Let St. Francis, — nay, or Luther either, — beat that! " The ' that " is a pas- sage from Sophocles containing a bit of religious fervor. The ex- pression is from Matthew Arnold. Leaving the Greek out of the question we find that Luther is compared with and even implicitly given precedence to St. Francis. And so on through innumerable works of history, of criticism and of poetry. It is blind worship surely and I would suggest a standard of judging the men of the past. The term " Great " has been applied to many men who were great criminals, great in the art of cutting throats, great in the art of robbing with impunity, great tyrants, great bad men. In forming an opinion therefore it seems but pro- per to be sure that, with the greatness, there has been united the quality of goodness. " Greatness and goodness are not means but ends! Hath he not always treasures always friends, The good great man? Three treasures — love and light And calm thoughts, regular as infants ' breath! And three firm friends, more sure than day and night, Himself, his Maker and the angel Death. " Thus Coleridge puts it in his description of the truly great and no one will dare gainsay the truth of the demand that to be truly great one must be truly good. How then are we to decide on a man ' s title to a place in the halls of fame? By a simple straightforward question: " Did he ob- serve the Ten Commandments? " It may be too much to require the full observance of the Law all through the hero ' s life, but in that wherein he became great, he must be faultless or else fall from the pedestal. Thus Mazzini from a hero became a villain because in that, for which he is celebrated, he was a robber and a sacrileg- ious pilferer. Cromwell loses his halo because as a soldier and as statesmen, under both of which titles he is unworthily celebrated, 266 THE REDWOOD he was a mtirderer and a scoundrel. Lamennais ' celebrity is built on rebellion and infidelity and so it would more properly be styled wickedness. This is a very simple test; but of course few will use it as I have done. Nor is it necessary; the good, great men of the world need not the praise of mortals, because their glory is of a kind that fadeth not. Some of them are honored on earth, but as a rule when this happens it is for some little accidental quality which was but the outgrowth of sanctity. Thus St. Francis has attracted notice because he was fond of nature, and nature with its beauties has of recent years become a fashion. Ignatius of Loyola is revered as a legislator, Thomas Aquinas, where he is honored, has risen by reason of his philosophy, — but the love of nature in the first, the legislative ability in the second and the philosophy in the third were but effervescent qualities of the genuine worth within, the holiness and the purity of saints. Only the great bad men need to be honored on earth, because here are their best chances for glory. Nor will the honor do much harm, except inasmuch as it might induce some to tread in their footsteps. Still as far as we are concerned, let them receive the glory of earth, let them have poems written to them and speeches delivered in their honor, but we shall never stand by in silence when the name of lyiiicoln is desecrated by being placed side by side with Mazzini ' s and our indignation will overleap all bounds when the Seraphic St. Francis is compared with Cromwell, — nay, or with Luther either! Fred Hecker, ' 07. 1 id4 md PUBWSHED MONTHI Y BY THK STUDENTS OF SaNTA C1.ARA COI,I,KGE The object of The Redzvood is to record our College Doings, to give proof of College Industry and to knit closer together the hearts of the Boys of the Present and of the Past. EDITORIAL STAFF EXECUTIVE BOARD Martin V. Mkri.K, Junior Special. John W. Byrnes, ' o6 George Casey, ' 07 associate editors College Notes - - Ralph C. Harrison, ' 05 Alumni Rob ' t. Y. Hayne, ' 08 In the Library - - Francis Floyd-Jones, ' 07 Exchanges - - - Michael C. O ' Toole, ' 07 Athletics - - - Gerald P. Beaumont, ' 06 business manager Michael R. O ' Reilly, ' 06 assistants Thos. Leonard, Senior Special Joseph Curley, ' 05 Angelo Quevedo, ' 05 Address all communications to The Redwood, Santa Clara College, California Terms of subscription, 1.50 a year; single copies, 25 cents. EDITORIAL THE HEW YEAR ' i904 " has slipped away into oblivion as did its brother years, and we are now busy entertaining a new visitor in " 1905. " The new year, however, has not come unheralded, and we were quite prepared to extend it a hearty welcome on our return to college. 268 THE REDWOOD Already one month of it has passed, a good month too, for it has settled us down once more into the regular routine. Classes have been going at a swimming pace, we are trying hard to reach the goal in May, and athletics have started with a will and vim un- usual for this early period. Think of the coach with four weeks ' work to his credit in baseball, and a first class team a good distance above the horizon with three big victories to their credit. Talk about your college spirit; — well, I think we have a little of it here in Santa Clara. In fact never has it been at such a height. The campus is fairly teeming with it, brought about in a goodly meas- ure, we opine, by the enthusiastic meeting of the Student Body, during the month just passed. The Senate, House, Junior and Senior Dramatics are bubbling over with spirit, so what more is there that one can desire? And behold the glorious future in store for us with the next four months. Coach Hogan ' s team with a blare of brass and the fluttering of Red and White will lead on to a victorious season. Then there ' s the basket ball, the gym, the track and Rector ' s day. The third biennial production of the great Passion Play, will be made in the latter part of May, a crowning effort after the ex ' s and a good year ' s work. We could go on in this strain, but let the year speak for itself, and then it will, in very truth, be really a Happy New Year. Martin, V. Merle, Jun. Spec. THE REDWOOD 269 college: notes Literal Congress of Santa Clara The following item from the Evening Chronicle, Spokane, Wash., needs no comment: ' Some of the instructors at the college (Gonzaga) are planning to inaugurate a " literary congress, " which will hold weekly de- bates and other literary exercises. The special feature of the " con- gress " will be to conduct all meetings according to the rules fol- lowed in the United States congress. The society will be organ- ized with two branches, the " philalethic, " corresponding to the senate, and the " house of philhistorians " corresponding to the lower house of congress. The membership of the former is limited to 13, and the latter to 40. Vacancies in each branch are filled by its own members, the upper branch selecting its members from the lower branch, and the lower branch in turn selecting its members from the classes. It may not be advisable to form a complete congress at once, but work along that line will be with that end in view. Such a society has been conducted at Santa Clara college, California, since 1857, it is said that many statesmen and prom- inent men at the bar received their initial training in the literary congress of Santa Clara college. Ex-Congressman Stephen M. White of California asserted that his knowledge of parliamentary law and public speaking was gained in the ' congress ' of Santa Clara college. " We dare say that Wm. J. Deeney, S. J., who is now at Spo- kane, a former professor at Santa Clara and at one time Speaker in the House of Philhistorians was instrumental in spreading the good name of our ' Congress. " It has, in truth, been a success and we hope that it will prove successful in Washington as it has in Yale and in several other colleges where this Santa Clara sys- tem has been adopted 270 THE REDWOOD TKe Light External Because of the decided success which attended our latest ven- ture in things dramatic, two more performances of Martin V. Merle ' s " lyight Eternal " are to be given, one in San Jose at the Victory Theater and the other at the Alhambra in San Francisco. Rehearsals have begun and the Senior Dramatic Club intends to present the play in both cities with but one change. Mr. James Bacigalupi, who has scored so many successes in college theatricals will play the leading role of " Pancratius. " With this exception the cast will be as in the initial production at the college last November. Negotiations with Manager Oppenheimer of the Victory in San Jose, have been successfully concluded with the result that " The Light Eternal " will be produced Wednesday evening, Feb- ruary ist. The proceeds of the performance will be for the benefit of the Sacred Heart Relief Society of San Jose. Arrangements calling for a performance in San Francisco at the Alhambra Theater on the evening of February 8th have been concluded with Rev. Father McOuaide of San Francisco, an hon- ored alumnus, who is at present endeavoring to get together funds for a parochial school. The entire receipts of the evening will be devoted to this fund. This is a unique proceeding for the students of Santa Clara. For the Senior Dramatic Club it is a golden opportunity since, if the cities mentioned take kindly to the idea, a new era in college theatricals may be inaugurated. Stxident Body Meeting On Friday evening, January 6th, we held a meeting of the Student Body to arrange matters for the coming session. The constitution was read by the President, Mr. Joseph Stack, S. J., and a vote was taken which testified to the satisfaction all felt in it. We then elected a Treasurer in the place of Mr. Gerald P. Beaumont who had resigned after holding the ojffice for a semester with honor and credit. Mr. Leonard ' s name was proposed for the ofiice aud in spite of the modest demur made by the gentlemen he TH E REDWOOD 271 was unanimously elected. He testified his thanks and good inten- tions in an appropriate little speech. The officers as they now stand are as follows: President, Mr. Joseph Stack, S. J., Vice-President, John J. Ivancovich; Business Manager, John W. Byrnes; Treasurer, Thomas Leonard; Secretary, M. R. O ' Reilly; Financial Committee, John J. Ivancovich, Thomas Leonard, M. R. O ' Reilly; Advisory Board, John J. Ivancovich, Thomas L. Leonard, M. R. O ' Reilly, James Lappin, Mervyn Shafer. TKe Senior Sodality On Sunday, January 8th, the Senior Sodality of the Blessed Vir- gin Mary met to elect their officers for the coming semester. The following were chosen: Prefect, Thomas Leonard; First Assistant, Martin V. Merle; Second Assistant, Ralph C. Harrison; Secretary, M. R. O ' Reilly; Treasurer, John W. Byrnes; Censor, Peter Kell; Assist- ant Secretary, William Maher; Vestry Prefects, John McElroy and Frederick Sigwart; Consultors, Vincent Durfee, K. P. Kilburn, Chas. Byrnes, J. Kohlbecker, Robert Fitzgerald. After the election the Sodality Director, Rev. Father Giacobbi exhorted the members to earnest v rork during the coming year. Thereupon the Sodality adjourned to the Chapel where a " Te Deum " was sung and the Office read. Junior Sodality The election of officers for the present semester of the Junior Sodality was held on Sunday morning, January 8th, with the fol- lowing result: Prefect, Peter M. Dunne; First Assistant, George J. Fisher; Second Assistant, Eugene A. Ivancovich; Secretary, Ed- win A. McFadden; Censor, Mervyn S. Shafer; Vestry Prefects, Ivo G. Bogan and John G. Liebert. XKe lionise The opening meeting of the House for the year was held on the evening of January nth. At roll-call twenty-five of last year ' s members responded. A vote of thanks was tendered the retiring 272 THE REDWOOD oiScers in appreciation of the excellent work they had done while fulfilling their respective duties. The election and installation of officers occupied the greater part of the evening, the following being chosen for the ensuing term: Recording Secretary, Floyd K. Allen; Corresponding Sec- retary, Charles W. Byrnes; Treasurer, August M. Aguirre; lyibrar- ian, William J. Maher; Sergeant-at-arms, Walter J. Schmitz; Liter- erary Reporter, Robert H. Shepherd; Assistant Treasurer, Luke Feeney; Assistant Librarian, Leo J. Atteridge; Assistant Sergeant- at-arms, Joseph R. Brown. Speeches of acceptance were made by all the new officers, and the installation ceremonies were begun. By the unanimous consent of the House William P. Crowley, Edward J. McDougall, Albert E. Pearce and Peter V. EUinwood were granted honorary certificates. The question, — ' ' Resolved: That the present system of education is detrimental to the youth of America, " — was splendidly debated at our second meeting on the evening of the i8th. The affirmative side was upheld by Messrs. Chas. Byrnes, Tulloch, Brown, while those of the negative were Messrs. Hayne, Donlon, Lejeal. The vote resulted in favor of the negative. Owing to the absence of the speaker, a committee pre- vailed upon our worthy Chaplain, Rev. Father Giacobbi, S. J., to act as speaker " pro tem. " The reverend Father, who is an old hand at parliamentary tactics, made an excellent chairman. A new subject was proposed for debate: " Resolved; That the present system of labor unions is detrimental to the people of the United States. " Those on the affirmative side are Represent- atives Maher, Atteridge and Feeney, and on the negative, Repre- sentatives O ' Toole, Allen and R. Fitzgerald. The House desires to make public acknowledgment of a valu- able gavel presented by Representative Belden McPike. The wood from which it was turned formed part of the hull of the fa- mous old wars hip Kearsarge. The PKilaletKic Senate With the holiday cheer and spirit still upon them the Senators assembled in their chamber on Monday evening, January nth, to begin the second term of the year. Greetings were exchanged THE REDWOOD 273 and then the meeting was called to order. It was gratifying to note that the Senate for the present semester had its full quota of members. Rev. Fr. Lydon, S. J., the worthy President was in the chair and each desk held its last term ' s occupant. The first business on hand was the election of officers and this was handled with splendid spirit and with the following satisfactory result: Correspond- ing Secretary, John O. McElroy; Recording Secretary, William Thomas Blow; Treasurer, Francis D. Ryan; Librarian, J. W. Byrnes; Assistant Librarian, Peter C. Kell; Sergeant-at-Arras, John J. Ivancovich; Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms, Martin Carter; Reporter, Martin V. Merle. The Junior Dramatic Society On January nth the members of the Junior Dramatic Society met in their Assembly Hall for the initial meeting of the year. It was gladdening to the heart to see the President, Mr. McCarthy, S. J., and all the last term ' s members in their accustomed place. The principal business of the evening was the election of officers which was carried on with the following gratifying results: Vice- President, Peter W. Dunne; Secretary, Ivo G. Bogan; Treasurer, Mervyn Schafer; Sergeant-at-Arms. Milton B. Moraghan; Censor, James Lappin; Prompter, E. D. Ivancovich. R. C. Harrison, ' 05. 274 THE REDWOOD IN TliE LIBRARY IIEWEAFTEQ, OSi. THE FUTUI5E LIFE, ACCOR.DiMQ TO SCIENCE AI! D FAITtI ADAPTjSD from THK FRENCH OF I.AXENAIRE BY REV. J. M. LELKU — B. HERDER, ST, I.OUIS, $ .30 m brief, clear, beautiful treatise on the immortality of the soul; in style simple and concise, replete with arguments from every available source. Science, History, Faith and Reason are called upon to answer the most important of all questions: " Is there a future life? " and they answer unanimously and unequivocally in the affirmative. The booklet cannot but be welcome to all Christians. BBOXnESi Al D SISTES BY JEAN CHARRUAU, S. J. — B. HERDER, ST. LOUIS, $1.25 Marguerite and Paul I eclere two loving and lovable French children, in a struggle, the one with God the other against Him,— these two, Brother and Sister, are introduced to the English reader through the medium of a novel that is more than a novel; it is a treatise on Nature and Grace. Paul is a personification of Nature, Marguerite stands for Grace, and if in the end the faithful Sister succumbs to self-sacrificing devotion it is but the victory ot Grace. At her death Paul is converted and lives, we dare say, a better and a purer life; but with his conversion the story closes and we are left to imagine the sequence. It is a book of priceless value. Pfi OGBESS ilS PKAYED FROM THE FRENCH OF CAUSSADE, S. J., BY L. V. SHEEHAN. — B. HERDER, ST. LOUIS, $ .75 A trifle higher in tone than what appeals to the ordinary THE REDWOOD 275 reader, this manual is none the less valuable, for there are, thank Heaven, many people who actually seek progress in prayer. Unfortunately the number is limited, but it is well for us that there are still some pious souls on earth. To them we recommend this work earnestly; it will tell them of the various forros of mental and vocal prayer, it will guard them against illusions, it will fire their souls with the greatest of all affections, the love of God and the love of the neighbor. EXCHANGES We were pleased to see that several of our prominent Catholic exchanges devoted both space and talent to the celebration of the Golden Jubilee of the Immaculate Conception. We congratulate especially the Georgetown Journal, the Fordham Monthly, the Holy Cross Purple, St. Mary ' s Chimes and the Exponent. Nor must we fail to thank the gracious editor of the Ave Maria for his generous appreciation of the Redwood ' s attempt in this con- nection. We feel highly honored. GEORQETOWN COLLEGE JOURNAL The proportions of the Jubilee Journal are goodly and in gen- eral make-up it is the perfection of taste. The editors of the Journal seem to have thoroughly appreciated the demands of the occasion. Even members of the faculty, inspired by the spirit of the Jubilee, broke into song and contributed two beautiful little poems, very short but very sweet, — ' soul-animating strains. " THE UNIVERSITY OF VIKGIHIA MAGAZINE In what gay holiday attire comes this month our friend from old Virginia! The cover is certainly a striking piece of art. As to the contents, we must say that we do not often come across so in- teresting a collection. It is a southern magazine through and 276 THE REDWOOD through; it might well be a leading popular organ of the section so ably does it deal with public questions and so thoroughly is it imbued with the spirit and atmosphere of the South. We rejoice to see a university taking so deep an interest in public affairs; but to us nondescript Westerners it seems somewhat remarkable that the interest should be so all but exclusively in the South. Perhaps the best written contribution in the book and certainly the most forcible is " The Unchanged Skin. " The awful facts of the story, if it be true — and there are too many particulars given and persons and places mentioned and it is too serious an indictment against the negro race to suppose it mere fiction — are indeed suffic- ient to confirm the author in his hereditary aversion to the negro. " The Poetry of John B. Tabb " is a masterly essay. The diction of " The Grave " is easy and graceful and " A Christmas Rhyme " is a sparklingly clear jingle. M. C. O ' TooLE, ' 07. THE REDWOOD J77 ATHLETICS Throughout the month of January there is always a super- fluity of nothing doing. The sporting editor, if he would live up to his name, must mount the crow ' s nest, telescope in hand, scan the horizon and prognosticate. It is a bad business too, this dab- bling in the rose-hued future, but since human nature demands it, — here goes: In all frankness the outlook is no more than fair. We have no Keefes, no Farrys and so far we have failed to unearth a second Hal Chase. It will be difficult to compensate for the loss of these stars. " Bobby " Keefe undoubtedly ranks as one — if not the greatest twirler Santa Clara has yet produced. Hal Chase was the most remarkable player we ever had. Fran Farry ' s value lay not entirely in his playing, — though that too was of a high order — but in his ability to steady the team at critical moments and to in- spire the men with the confidence that breeds victory. As cap- tain, he was one in a thousand. Again, the absence of Terry McCune and " Babe ' Clynes, will be felt keenly. However, all this is the shady side of the forecast and on the other, the sun beams just as brightly as ever. This year, the Red and White will be represented on the diamond by one of those steady, hard-working, play-together-and- win teams that command absolute confidence. True, we seem to have no spectacular players, but at the same time there is a total absence of weak ones. In past years, we have seen how a poor outfield could counteract the efforts of a star infield and vice versa. Again we have had a remarkably clever battery and not given it support. The indications this year are for a steady team of ball players of average ability and it maj be that in this consistent uniformity we shall discover the criterion for success. At all events the most likely of the candidates are reliable ' stickers ' and so, batting will probably be the strong point of the ' 05 team. It is many, many years since real hard practice has been started so promptly. To have a score of men hard at work under the direction of an experienced coach and this — on the second day of the new session is surely a record-breaking per- 278 THE REDWOOD formance. And right here let us pause to congratulate Manager Byrnes on having secured the services of Wallace Hogan, famil- iarly known as " Happy. " This particular member of Mike Fisher ' s " tads " can undoubtedly extract more hard work and in- fuse more real ginger into a team than any two men in the business. Senta Clara 5, Stanford O With the clatter of the press sounding in our ears, the first game of the season has been played and won, A 5 — o victory over the Cardinal, obtained with surprising ease, brightens the outlook considerably and makes us feel that the preceding pages may have been a bit too pessimistic. The game was fast and clean but rather featureless, if we except the magnificent box- work of Harry Wolters, who made his first appearance in the colors of vSanta Clara. Fifteen strikeouts with but one scratchy hit, seems a record fit for any pitcher and is certainly good enough to warrant us in pinning our hopes for a successful season on the strong arm of our Monterey southpaw. The team itself displayed excellent fielding form and, with but two exceptions, ran the bases in faultless style. At the bat, Col- lins led with a percentage of .750. In discussing the result of the game it must be admitted that our visitors played ginger- less and lackadaisical ball, being far below the standard of the team that represented Stanford at this time last year. Our next contest with the ' varsity, when both they and we shall have rounded into our best forms, will more truly test the respective merits of the team. The score: SANTA CLARA STANFORD AB R BH SB PO A E AB R BH SB PO A K Feeney, lb 3 010900 Dudley, rf 4 000000 Du gan, ss 4 2 i i i 3 i Trowbridge, ss. . .2 001420 „? Fenton, 3b 3 o o i i 3 o Colhns, c 4 I 2 o 15 3 I Colbert,lb 4 o o i 10 i i Byrnes, 3b 4 110020 Chambers, If 2 o o o i o o Dm-fee, cf 3 o o o i o o Cadwallader, cf . . 3 o o o i o o Friene, rf 3 o o o i o o fwis, 2b 1 o o o o i i o- t Slots, C 2 000320 Sigwart, If 2 o o o I o o Menardi, etc p. . .3 000220 Wolters, p 3 I 1 o o I o Preshy, 2b 2 000200 Daily, c i i o o i o o Tatals 29 5 7 I 27 9 2 1 ' Totals 27 I o 3 24 ir 2 THE REDWOOD 279 RUNS AND HITS BY INNINGS 123456789 Santa Clara i o o o 4 o o o — 5 Ease hits i o o i 4 i o o — 7 Stanford o o o o o o o o 0—0 Base hits o o o i o o o o o — i Summary — Three base hits — Collins; two base hits — Russell, V olters. Innings pitched in — Rook 2, Minardi 2, Thiels 2, Johnson i, Sales i, Wolters 9. Hits— Off Rock 2, Minardi I, Thiele 4. Struck out — By Rook 2, Thiele i, Sales I, Wolters 15. First base on balls — Off Menardi i, Thiele i, Wolters 2. Passed balls — Collins. Wild pitch — Wolters. Hit by pitched ball — Chalmers, Trowbridge. Double plays — Trowbridge unassisted to Colbert. Left on bases — S. C. C. 4, Stanford 3. Earned runs — Santa Clara 5, Stanford o. First base en errors — Santa Clara 2, Stanford 2, Time of game — 1:40. Umpire — C. Doyle. Scorer — Shepherd. BasKet Bail The game of " modernized bean-bag " as some pessimist dubbed basket ball, seems at last to have secured a firm footing in the list of Santa Clara athletics. A short trial of the sport effectually silenced those who endeavored to ban the game. Anyway, the Santa Clara basket ball club is now an established realit5 It ar- rived at mature proportions on the election of Mr. McKiroy to the managership and Louis Magee to the captainc} With these two football idols at its head the new organization will at least com- mand respect. Needless to remark the candidates for tetsm honors are anti-baseball cranks. Games will be arranged, it is hoped, vAth Stanford, Berkeley and other colleges. We shall watch eagerly for developments. TKe Cinder PatK With much pleasure do we record favorable symptoms of act- ivity amongst the track men. At a rally, held on January 25th, the ever-popular ' Tongo " Magee, who so successfully headed the ' 03 team, v;as re-elected to the captaincy. As a further result of the pow-wow, John O. McElroy received the vote for the manager- ship and William Fitzgerald was enthusiastically acclaimed assist- ant track captain. All hail, the track men ! They have begun bravely the diffi- 28o THE REDWOOD cult tindertakiiig, for some how or other it has always proved difficult to place the cinder-path on a par with the gridiron and the diamond. The glory of the latter usually eclipses the attractive- ness of the former. However, the men who have been selected to guide the destiny of the ' 05 athletes are earnest, enthusiastic lovers of the sport and a variety of additional circumstances com- bine to make it probable that their efforts will be unusually suc- cessful. The most likely candidates for team honors are: ly. Magee, W. Fitzgerald, E. Doherty, H. Wolters, F. Belz, T. Donlon, D. McKay, T. Leonard, T. Ena, C. Russel, H. Williams, G. Casey, J. Collins, C. Byrnes, A. Young, F. Heffernan, A. Aguirre, P. N. Tulloch, R. Jacobs and J. Kohlbecker. Negotiations with an experienced coach are pending and if possible both the Freshmen of Stanford and Berkeley will be met, in the course of a mouth or two. Meanwhile the track is being thoroughly renovated and training rules are already in force. Gerald P. Beaumont, Jun. Spcl. THK REDWOOD 281 FIRST HONORS FOR JANUARY, 1905 BRANCHES SENIOR JUNIOR Philosophy of Religion R. Harrison H. Budde Ethics R. Harrison , Mental Philosophy H. Budde Mathematics H. Budde H. de la Guardia , Natural Philosophy. J. Curley, J. Riordan G. Beaumont, R. Fitzgerald, Chemistry J. Riordan G. Beaumont, F. Belz Advanced History J. Curley R. Fitzgerald SOPHOMORE FR.ESHMAN Religion E. McFadden R. O ' Connor Latin H. de la Guardia, M. O ' Toole . . R. de la Guardia Greek H. de la Guardia R. de la Guardia English Literature and Author M. O ' Toole T. Donlon English Precepts M. O ' Toole T. Donlon English Composition M. O ' Toole T. Donlon Mathematics T. Donlon C. Freine History and Geography C. Byrnes T. Donlon Elocution I. Bogan, J. McKay. 1st ACADEMIC 2nd ACADEMIC Religion J- Leibert . E. Watson Latin R- O ' Connor A. Bunsow Greek R- O ' Connor A. Ivancovich English Precepts H. Lyng E. Watson English Author. H. Lyng E. Watson English Composition H. Lyng E. Watson Mathematics A. Bunsow, M. Callahan W. Hirst History and Geography J. Zavalza A. Bunsow Civil Government F. Chandler Elementary Science J. Bantug , A. Bunsow Elocution W. Donnelly A. Ivancovich, H. Wormley , 282 THE REDWOOD 3rd ACADEMIC 4th ACADEMIC Religion J. Arias .1. Macmanus Latin C. Dransfeld T. Lannon Greek C. Brazell English Precepts C. Dransfeld R. Birmingham English Author C. Dransfeld R. Birmingham English Composition C. Dransfeld R. Birmingham Mathematics I. McCarthy ....W. Walsh History and Geography J. B. Arias T. Lannon Elocution J. B. Arias A. Donovan Orthography A. Junker, ly. Ruth, J. Sassen- rath, A. Jacobson 1st PRE- ACADEMIC 2iid PBE-ACADEMIC Religion A.J. Diepenbrock E. Ladner English Precept A. J. Diepenbrock E. Ladner English Author A. J. Diepenbrock E. Ladner English Composition A. J. Diepenbrock E. Ladner Mathematics F. Manha J. Hughes, C. Kennedy History and Geography F. Bazet J. A. Ivancovich, E. Ladner. Elocution F. Warren C. Kennedy orthography A. Arias J. A. Ivancovich COMMERCIAL CLASSES Ist BOOK-KEEPING 2nd BOOK-KEEPING 3rd BOOK-KEEPING Raoul de la Guardia F. Floyd-Jones F. Acquistapace.V. Salberg, R. Traynham SPECIAL CLASSES 1st SPECIAL 2nd SPECIAL Latin T. Donlon J. Bantug . Greek J. Lappin, H. Patrick, J. Seaton ... A. Oyarzo . 1st Special English Composition B. McPike 2d ° • " J. Zavalza 3d " " " A. Bunsow 4th " G. Masterson THE REDWOOD AD EYES ! That ' s what we are looking for. If you I _ . ' have them ' consult " OSGOOD BALL Mantifacturing Opticians 156 S. First Street. San Jose, Cal. Jacob Eberhard, Pres. and Manager. John J. Eberhard, Vice- Pres. and Ass ' t Manager Eberbarci tatiniiig £0. } Tanners, Curriers and Wool Pullers Harness- Ladigo and Lace Leather. Sole and Upper Leather, Calf, Kip and Sheepskins Eberhard ' s Shirting Leather and Bark Woolskin I Santa Clara, .... California t Dealers Tm Hlouldtngs, Dddrs t and miBidows J Tel. North 401. t 6«tiei al mill K?»r!i santa clara, cal. X students CMhIng! It ' s of a different style from regular lines and with us a specialty. That ' s why we have such a big trade amongst the students. Come and see. Carmichael, Ballaris Co., Outfitters ioT all Mankind I 55-61 South First Street SAN JOS: I THE REDWOOD I T. F. SOURISSEAU Wliolesale Dealers in FRUITS AND VJ GIETABI BS Telephone White 1311 80 to 82 N. Market Street, San Jose Phone North 60 Santa Clara, Calif I Mamifactmmq Jemekr and Jiepairittg | $ Eadges ana €las$ pins M Si edaUv S m 6g}4 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. % Highest Price Paid for Old Gold and Silver. Phone Blue 203 ' i «C — » I REUABLE DRUGS | ' Remove your Corns with Baker ' s Corn Cure which is guaranteed t BAKER ' S PHARIVIACY t Rea Building § m Phone Jonn 331 117 West Santa Clara Street, San Jose w • ___««_«.__ -_—«_. -— = «_— i J. S. WILLIAMS i ; The Popular Clothier and Gent s Furnislier « 64 to 70 North Market Street San Jose. » tK , 1 % I FRED M. STERN i 40 iEast Santa Clara St., San Jose ;g Suit Cases, Grips, B Harness, Whips, Robes, Blankets and Saddles f ..m m mm . mmm .m m vm mm Atmi vm m mrn m. .m .,« . . _ __ _ __ __ , , „ _ _ _. i 0. L. DESIiVIOliE CO. i Eommissiof! llercliaiit! I ROLL BROS. I t Real Estate and Insurance I THE REDWOOD I CHAS. A. BOTHWELL I J WATCB:3e;S AND JEWE2VRY J jj Repairing at Right Prices fC Old Gold Taken in Exchange 1 12 South First Street, San Jose » I «K I 3. Peirano Sons I 71, 73, 75 NORTH IIARKI T STREET, SAN JOSE, CAI,. J I! Wholesale ) • g Flour, Grain, Feed, Potatos, Onions, Beans, Etc. J Jf Sole Agents for )f, I Port Costa Flour Mills | IJ Port Costa Flour has absolutely no equal. j { » I — — — I I ' To Qet a Cxood Pen Kiiife | " JK CiiKX ABl HI KCTiiSS.lC Guaranteed to be as it ought to be. If it should not prove to be that T3 we will be giasi to exchan.i.e with you until you have one that is. »a $ MANICURE TOOJ S, RAZORS — Guaranteed the saine way. If you wish to shave easily, and in a hurry, get a Getn. Safety Ra or. — The gieateat convenience for the man who shaves himself. ) I THE JOHM STOCK SONS, ML T MSiers, MCKOfters atttf S liamlsefs X Phone Main 76 7 -77 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. «K ■ -.™,- »• I L R UTH i GROCERIES AND DELICACIES 1 Franklin Street, - - Santa Clara Cal. yi I THEATRE JOSE | I HOME OF POI.ITE VAUDEVII I E 5 60-68 South Second Street, - - - . San Jose I Catering to Eddies a td Ci Hdreis ONE MATINEE every afternoon. Doors open 2:30. Admission loc to any part of the house; children under 12 years 5c, excex)t Sundays. Two matinees Sundays, 3| • 2:30 and 3:30 p. m. Evening performances 7:45 and 9:15 sharp. Admission, orchestra Nh •f circle, 20c; balance lower floor and entire balcony loc. % THE REDWOOD i I H. E. WILCOX D. M. BURNETT i ATTORNEYS AT LAW | j Rooms 19 and 20, Safe Deposit Building San Jose, Cal. M ! A. Zellerbach Sons I I i Tms orUfs and OeaSers in I Paper, Twines and Cordage i Telephone, Private Exchange 14 416-426 Sansome Street, San Francisco F. A. ALDERMAN STATIONARY, BI ANK BOOKS, l TC, CIGARS AND TOBACCO All Kinds of Fountain Pens Next to Postoffice Baseball and Sporting Goods Santa Clara MANUEL MELLO Dealer in All Kinds of Boots and Shoes Telephone Clay 544 1084 Franklin Street, Pierce Block, Santa Clara Vollarid A ' t StoPQ F ieturoB aqd F ietupo Fpanqir q Houso Fiipr|is]r|ir|gs, F air tir g aqd F apopir g Opposite Postoffies, Santa Glara M. Lenzen ff Son Co. Paints, Wall Paper, Window Shades Picture Frames, Etc. i li Papering, Painting and Decorating onr Specialty % I i 56 and 58 West San Fernando Street San Jose, Cal. m THE REDWOOD Painless Extraction Charges Reasonable DR. H. O. F. MENTON Telephone Grant 373 Office Hours — 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. Rooms 3, 4, 5. 6, 7, 8 Bank Building, over Postoffice Most Modern Appliances Santa Clara, Cal. eoldstein » Co. " Costumers, Decorators and Theatrical Supplies 733 Market Street, opposite Grant Avenue, San Francisco Telephone Main 1615 Cbe Cargest a d lUcst 0ottiplete gostutue l ouse on tbe V, ai%% Official Costumers for all Theaters in San Francisco, l os Angfeles, Seattle and Portland, also FurnisHers for Santa Clara Passion Play, Bohemian Club Open Air Festivals and Floral Carnivals on the Pacific Coast. Established 1881 Telephone Main 34 RALEY COMPANY | GENBRAI, COMMISSION MERCHANTS I 4 4» " I Headquarters for Bananas 1 84-90 N. Market Street, San Jose, Cal. ffl g " • " ■ " •- J. H. SULLIVAN i PLUMBING, GAS FITTING AND TINNING | Repairing Promptly Attended to 70 East Santa Clara Street, San Jose I atest Double Gear Samson Windmill Res.— N. E. Corner St. John and Third Sts. Kj 1 © © © THE REDWOOD Groceries and Provisions © © © Santa Clara. Teas, Coffees, Flour Tinware, Agateware Feed, Potatoes Glassware, I,amps, Crockery Fancy Canned Goods Wood and Willowware J. W. BI ACK, Proprietor A. PALADINI Telephone Main 271 Wholesale and Retail Dealer in all Kinds of Fresh, Salt, Smoked, Pickled and Dried Fish Fishing Steamers U. S. Grant and Henrietta A. Paladini, Proprietor A. PALADINI ' S MARKET, 520 Merchant Stree Branch at Spreckels Market. J- FOR Duck Motor Cycles Bicycles, New or Second Hand Expert Guaranteed Repair Work All Kinds of Sundries and Supplies go to W. F. BRACHi R, looo Franklin Street, Santa Clara OKERBEEHKR ' S PHARMACY Eastman ' s Kodaks and Supplies f Kastman ' s Kodaks i and Supplies | A Telephone Grant 471 1038 Franklin Street, Santa Clara THE REDWOOD Phone White 961 £ V Ofl ce Hours — 9 a. m. to 12 m. and i to 5 p. m. 9 DR. T. M. CARMICHAEL St. Luis Building 3 % Our Free Delivery is at your Service Phone John 341 1 and We ' ll Come I BINGHAM BANTA J COI UMBIA BICYCI B AGENCY £ Cyclers to the People 174 South Second Street, San Jose. 4 2 SS ' I Young Men ' s Furnishings And the New Fall Styles in » » QUviQ men ' s Suits and Hats « « Now on Exhibition at Santa Slara, Cal. I i iS S S i i i DENTIST 4 115 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. 3 i I 3 flukw taPf iyoskrp and Gioves | f THE OAK SHAVING PARLORS | 7 J. D. i I I IS, Proprietor 3 2 ( f Barber to tbe College 1125 Franklin street, next to O ' Brien ' s, Santa Calra • 3 3 3 3 JVIILLARD BROS. Books, Stationery and Fountain Pens 25-27 West Santa Clara Street San Jose, Cal. ®- ' ' ® ' fc ' ' ® ' -® ' y® ' ' ®- -® ' ei ' ®- i © ' ' ® ' e -® ' ® ' ®- K® ' .® ' b,®- ® ' ,®- ,,- .©- ® THE REDWOOD EAST SoutKern Pacific PAUL SHOUP, D. F. P. A., San Jose E. O. Mccormick, Passenger Traffic Manager, vSan Francisco T. H. GOODMAN, General Passenger Agent, San Francisco. ii I f ! ! T k If going East secure choice of Routes, of limited trains and k i! Q [| tourist excursions by calling on nearest agent n B i I J =zJr:::=Jfz=Jr== f== f==Jf;===Jr==:J z=U ==Jf Ej J THK REDWOOD 281 r fr rr l .■jp=jf f=}l % HI Spring ' s Splits Co QuUt Smart Clotlies Good Dresser We announce the arrival of our new Fall Suits and Overcoats. We have paid particular attention to the wants of the College Student. $ole Jlgents for Ready to llPear loWng Spring ' s Ssin 3ose €ai. Pop ©ar dlos arid leQ ©poaix) Tlr at ©aqr ot be E:?c©Qll0d Oii i jl Delivered in Santa Clara and All Parts of San Jose J,=lr=l,=l,=Jf=],=lr=m iM r=J r=Jr= Jr=jfi=Jr=-in=Jr= (= THE REDWOOD Kmmdf Drug Compmp ' I X Drugs Delivered to any part of the City Free. 5 Telephone, Main 221 Porter Building, San Jose, Cal. Parkrs 978 Main Street, opposite Postoffice J. D. TRUAX, Prop. SANTA CIvARA, CAI,. THE BUNGAI.OW SAN MATBO, CAI,. (Property of JOHN PARROTT, ESQ) High Stepping Hackney-Bred Harness Horses WA1 T]©R S: AlvY, Manager. J. J. DEVINH B. J. DOUGHERTY C e Bimm Boughtrtf Qmarf Co. Ti ' esh €ggs asud Butter a Specialty Devoted Exclusively to the Breeding and Training of | I I I I I I ? ■ I I I I I .«..o»««« " e " a.o9»9»3 .is»e»S " ««e " e»a« ..«..9..ia..a»9..a «. Satisfaction guaranteed and patronage solicited I,owest prices 52 Post Street, Sau Jose Phone Blue 201 J. G. ROBINSON PHARMACIST Pierce Block Santa Clara, Cal. THE REDWOOD I I I I •|g If you want a business education, attend a school ' £ ' £ whose teachers are experts in their particular line of J J work. The most practical and up-to-date methods j i of teaching are Gregg Shorthand and EUis Book- i keeping. Call and talk the matter over with us. $ I I i I I San Jose Susiiiess College i I I ] Second and San Feraattdo Sts«, San Jose | I The School that gets Results W. BOUCHER, Prin, l t: I I • I Announcement | I I $ e t .it THE NACE PRINTING COMPANY . | - Wll - announce that they have just added a MIEHLE CYLINDER PRESS £ f p to their already well equipped establishment in Santa Clara. The " Miehle " mJ stands at the head of its class and the world over is recognized as the acme of • perfection. i We have also lately doubled our working space, which now covers an area of 2300 . square feet. S You are respectfully requested to call and inspect our new quarters and up-to-date £ J i.i„„ . I Jl- machinery PvStimates furnished on all classes of work, large or small. When you need L 5 X rintingyou need a PRINTER—weare " it. " Respectfully ' I NACE PRINTING COMPANY I £ Phone Clay 574 Santa Clara. Cal. 3? 9 THE REDWOOD E. URBANI MERCHANT TAII OR The Students Specialist. 911 Main Street. Santa Clara. San Jose Transfer Co. Moves Everything That is I Oose Phone Main 78 Office — 62 East Santa Clara Street, San Jose w ood 9f Subscriptions are respectfully solicited from the old boys. Raites of St-ibscription, $1.50 a Year SANTA CI, RA COI,I,BGB Santa Clara California Santa Clara College THE PIONEER UNIVERSITY OF THE PACIFIC SLOPE This famous institution of learning, which is in charge of the Jesuits, has a reputation even in Europe for the completeness of its equipment and the thoroughness of its instruction. With most complete and appropriate accommodation in every department, and a full staff of professors, the institution offers uncommon ad- vantages for the mental, moral and practical training of young men and boys. V 31X PARTICUI.ARS MAY BE OBTAINED BY Addressing the Rev. R. E. Kenna, S. J. Santa Clara College Santa Clara, . - - . California Redwood Santa Clara College MARCH, 1905 THE REDWOOD FOSS , HICKS Co . No. 45 West Santa Clara Street SAN JOSE. Rea[_Estate _Loa ns Investments A select and up-to-date list of just such properties as the Home- Seeker and Investor wants. INSURANCE — Fi if Accident in the best Compan ies The Fullest Information Regarding All Lines of Business. Osborne Hall « Santa Clara Cal. Cottage System A private Sanatorium for the care and training of children suffering from Nervous Disorder or Arrested Mental Development. Under the personal management of Antrim Edgar Osborne M. D., Ph. D. Formerly and for 15 years Superintendent ol i) the California vState Institution for the Feeble Minded, etc. Accomodations in seperate cottages for a few adults cases seeking Rest Cure and treatment for drug addictions. Rates and particulars on application. nMf S- « v3 0Mf v s9 v K M NA8 .I rft s s THE REDWOOD a- ' It Didn ' t Hurt a Bit " Chicago Dental Parlors W. B. PERRON, D. D. S., Proprietor ] stablislied for lo Years Hours 8 a. m. to 6 p. m. Sundays — 9 a. m. to 12 m. 28 W. San Fernando St., San Jose, Cal. Telephone Black 471 Established 1875 Phone West 462 GEO. W. RYDER SON JEWEI ERB AND SII VERSMITHS The most extensive and complete stock of NEW Fine Goods. 8 South First Street, Safe Deposit Building, San Jose, Cal, C THAT tAH JOSEXAw IS IN U ' R HAT Asrent for tlie CeletorateA Kuox Hat Telephone Black 393 T. MUSGRAVE CO. Watchmakers and Mauufacturing Jewelers 2995 Sixteeuth Street, San Francisco Chalices and Cilboriums made or repaired Class PiTis, Medals and Sodality Pins made to order. Designs Furnished Seaside Store, Santa Cruz S. IvEASK Santa Clara and Los Gatos CROSBY I,EASK 276 Church Street N. Y. OFFICE Crosby Leask Dry Goods and Men ' s We a r I ••• « THE REDWOOD 4 -e »•• ' «•••••••••••••••-••••• GALLAOHEM M Picture Frawiing Of every De$cri|?tlcti 27 Gratit Avenue San Francisco, Cal. T. W. HOBSON CO. Grand Creditor ' s Sale is attracting immensely. We must raise lots of cash and our prices are doing it. If any male member of your family needs anything in the cloth- ing line now ' s the time. We invite the attention of all mothers to inspect our Boys ' and Children ' s Department. Prices cut in half on all Sailor and Blouse suits. Startling reductions on every garment. Cold weather is coming on. Better lay in a supply of clothing while this wonderful sale is in progress. T. W. HOBSON CO. AT THE BUSY CORNii R First and Post Street, San Jose, Cal. Ke v aii«l E les aiit Parlors Reiluee is.ates to St««ieiits and Societies ANOMEl P. HI!.!., We make a SPECIALTY of getting our work out PROMPTLY, and it is all finished here. Take the elevator at the Dougherty Building, No. 85 South Second Street. Old PbOtOS OpflCd THE REDWOOD AGENTS James A. Bannister Company r Geo. G. Snow Co. Ho-Ka $3.50 Shoe { HOFF KAYSER POPULAR PRICE SHOES 95 South First Street . . . . . San Jose Full Dress Suits a Specialty Established 1889 Jingmm tb tailor LEADER OF LOW PRICES S All the Latest Novelties Direct from Manufacturers Suits to Order $13.50 to $35.00 Pants to Order _ - - . _ 3.50 to 10.00 Our $30 Suits equal to any $25 Suit on the market tbe Great Wbchsah Zsilor ' Afs u?rS ring St. 39 S. Second Street, San Jose KA.TJO SOIVIAVIA vSanta. Clara f — A. F. KILIvAM, Manager W. H. KILLAM, Secretary ! 99ESii£I5S. SX SISTERS OF CHARITY Training School for Nurses In Connection Race and San Carlos Streets SAN JOSE, CAL i Kilkm Tiimiture Co. I A Incorporated J f Telephor.es: Store Grant 575 ontci C orcl PcjI Res. Grant 504 vDdUlcl V iara, cll. A i L. HESS DYE V ORKS I A B. W. KOBBB, Manager Cleaning, Dyeing, Pressing } i Dry Cleaning, Etc. i A Works, 347 IC. San Fernando St. SAN JOSK, Cal. Office, 89 W. Santa Clara Street S I O ' CONNOR SANITARIUM THE REDWOOD .- - - « C. F. Swift, President I,eroy Hough, Vice President and Treasurer W. D. Dennett Secretary Directors— C. F. Swift, I eroy Hough, Henry J. Crocker, W. D. Dennett and Jesse W. I ilienthal CAPITAI PAID IN $760,000.00 Western Meat Compmp PofU Faeliers an4 Shippers of Pressed leeft 111iitt©ii and P©rk Monarch and Golden Gate Brands Canned Meats, Bacon, Hams and Lard S Hides, Pelts Tallow, Fertilizer, Bones, Hoofs, Horn, Etc. Packing House and Stock Yards South San Francisco, San Mateo Co., Cal. ! Distributing Houses San Francisco, Oakland, San Jose, Sacramento Cable Address STEFAST, San Francisco Codes A I. A B. C. 4th FIdition G:ENBMAI OFFICE: Sixth and Townsend St., San Francisco Portraits and Zlkws Newest I ine in Photography and Amateur ' s Supplies Phone Clay 421 1193 Frat l Hti Street, Santa €;iara } FAINI.BSS DENTISTRY Moderate Charge Guaranteed Work Prices — Gold Crowns, Porcelain Crowns, Bridge work, Set of Teeth, I5. Gold Fillings, i.oo up. Painless Extraction, 50c. STERUNG nm CO., 26 1 First Street Phone Blast 302 (German Spoken) DR. MAX WASSMAN, Mgr. THE REDWOOD £imninnsH:in8!W]iiinuiiniuniiiiiiiiHinMiKniiiniins3iiinniniiiiiiinsii!niinininsinEiiiiinin!B!!i!iii E Organs and Small Instruments Talking Machines, Phonographs and Records E — Sheet Music Piano Players =: I C. S. ENGLE I I HIGH GRADE PIAN03 „,,.„, ggr | E 56, 58, 60 Itiiast Santa Clara Street, San Jose, Cal. E E Over twenty years ' experience with leading Manufacturers. Ten years with Steinway Sons, New York. E Expert Tuning and Repairing a Specialty. Satisfaction Guaranteed. Telephone James iiqi E es Itch, Blur, Smart or Burn? | GBORG: MAYBRI i ' S : Y]5WAT:eR E E Clears misty or blurring eyes, strengthens weak eyes, cures painful, itching, dis- E charging, injured, twitching or sore eyes or eyelids and floating spots, feeling like sand E E in eyes; rests tired eyes. At reliable druggists or direct from George Mayerle. E E German Expert Optician. 1071 Market street, San Francisco. 50c; by mail 65c. E s Money order. No stamps. E E George Mayerle ' s Antiseptic Eyeglass Wipers give clear vision. Two for 25c. I GEORGE MAYERLE I E German i xpert Optician E I 1071J 2 Market Street, San Francisco. Phone South 572 = I I atest Styles in SHOES i I and Gent ' s Furnishings at i I HILSON ' S I E Prices always lower than San Ho-Zay— Quality never 1084 Franklin Street, Santa Clara E Is PO RT I N G| I GOODS I Baseball Supplies Athletic Suits and Uniforms GOLGHE MARKET Factory — 24 Second St. San Francisco iiiiUinuinMiiuiiiniiiiiniiiiiiiuuninnuiiiiiininninniiniHSMiinniiiiiiuiiniHiniiinninMSininiuiiiiiiniintiiininiiiin: THK REDWOOD diiiiinsiiniiiiiiiiiiiniiisniisininniiniiiininMiiniiniiistiniiiiiiinniiniMUtiiuniinHiiiiiiuiniiiiuiiinnii I ARE YOU GOING TO PLAY E ASEBALL? We Have Just What You Need. I JERSEYS AND SWEATERS | Quality — the Best. Prices — the Lowest. i YOU SELECT THE COLORS-WE DO THE REST | I I OUR MII,I,S ARE THB LARGEST IN THE WEST | | I jyCmtil f 20 POST STREET I I TTlattem C " " francisco, cai,. | We Make a Specialty OF Boy ' s and Youth ' s Clothes The entire second floor of our Palatial new store is heavil3 stocked with a peerless line of Young Men ' s College Suits and Top Coats, cut on the same swell lines as our Men ' s Clothes and priced at lower figures than ever named for like high class goods. OUR SHOE AND FURNISHING DEPART- MENTS — You ' ll find headquarters for the BEST class of goods ever placed on sale in this city. It will Pay You to ' ' Get to Know Us " I J. J. GILDEA CO. I I 1028-1030 MarSiCt St., between Powell and Mason Sts., San f rancisco, Cal. = ininiiiiniiniiCiinnniiiiiiiiiiisiinniiiiniiiinnniiiinninnuiisniinfniiiiiiintiiiiiiiinniiiiiinitiiniiiiniHiiinni G wMtntc Feast of St. Joseph (Poem) - - - . W. ' 05 283 Sun-Spots: Thkir Rei ation to Contemporaneous Magnetic Disturbances okn W. Riordou, ' 05 284 The Mission Cross (Poem)! Richard A, de la Guardia, ' 08 289 " The Kid " - - - Martin V. Merle, fun. Spec. 290 My Friend (Poem) - - . . Eugene Ivancovich 297 Demosthenes in Troubi e . - . George Casey 298 A Hundred Years From Now (Poe m) Robert H. Shepherd ' 07 302 The Strange Adventure of James Bonaparte Fudge Gerald P. Beaumont, fun. Spec. 304 lyOUiSE Creed H. Brown, ' 07 311 BdiToriai.: When Other Things Fail 312 Burlesqueing the Bard and the Actor - - - 313 C01.1.EGE Notes 314 In the Library 316 Exchanges - - - - .... 31 Athi etics 320 Nace Printing Co, uNiON( rABEL Santa Clara Entered Dec. i8, i(p2, at Santa Clara, Calif, as second-class matter, under Act of Congress of March 3, iSjg. Vol. V. SANTA CLARA, CAL., MARCH, 1905. No. i FEAST OF ST. JOSEPH hday, ere hri hi urora sowed the asi iih golden rays, ' c ihousand voices whispered out thy praise 0 weloome in thy feast; thousand voices as the voice of one, Jn harmony divine rose up to thee, s the revolving planets sin£ with £]ee Jiround their old-enthroned in , the un. gladsome thy childreu hasten now, 0 deck thy saintly hrow ith treasures culled from prints d erf lowing store, £)r speak in silent prayer nce more, nd thank thee for thy ever watcFiful care. §■ ¥■ ' ' OS. 284 THE REDWOOD SUN-SPOTSs THEIR RELATION TO CON. TEMPORANEOUS MAGNETIC DISTURBANCES Owing to the frequent recurrence of sun-spots during the last few months, much popular discussion has been elicited regarding their origin and relation to contemporaneous magnetic distur- bances. As with all things removed from man ' s immediate field of investigation, many discrepancies arise in the speculations as to the causes of these solar phenomena; but regardless of this, we should avoid the mistake of attempting to confine them to one cause, having in mind a ce rtain wise observation of a dentist in re- gard to toothaches, that they are due to many causes. Though some hold the sun to consist of a solid opaque sphere, like the earth, surrounded by a luminous atmosphere, the major- ity conceive it as an incandescent mass, termed (the outer part of it) the photosphere, surrounded by the chromosphere, an envel- ope of vapors, hydrogen being the most abundant; and this in turn by another envelope, the corona, noticeable at eclipses. From this latter hypothesis it is evident that highly attenuated vapors produced in close proximity to the photosphere must ascend off into higher and cooler altitudes where they are condensed. We know that small meteorites coming into our own atmosphere are heated to incandescence by friction; therefore, for a greater reason, enor- mous masses falling through the great height of the sun ' s atmos- phere loaded with its hot vapors, would, under the accelerating force of gravity be also converted into a state of incandescence. Thus the cool material produced by condensation in the upper regions of the sun ' s atmosphere wnll be immediately precipitated by gravity back to the photosphere of the sun; and if the conver- sion of its kinetic energy into heat takes place just prior to its reaching the body of the sun, the efi ect will be that of a high ex- plosive, and a great crater or depression will be formed, the latter being visble to us as a sun-spot. It is obvious that if the down-rushing sun-spot is dissociated a THE REDWOOD 285 sufficient length of time before striking the photosphere, the effect will be lost, for it will begin to reascend in the form of converted vapors, and no spot vt ' iil be produced. Again if the height is not sufficient to allow the falling condensed masses to acquire a kinetic energy equal to their fusing points, the explosive effect will be lost, for the masses will fall into the photosphere as mere inert matter. If this were not understood, it would be difficult to ex- plain the fact that spots are hardly ever seen above latitude 40° north and south, and are an astonishing rarity along the sun ' s equatorial belt. The sun ' s atmosphere is most attenuated and therefore of greatest altitude about the equator while the opposite obtains in regard to the polar regions. Hence, as has been suggested, the down-rushing elements in the equatorial atmosphere are dissociated before they reach the photosphere while in the polar atmosphere they are incapable of acquiring a requisite velocity. Since latitude 40° and the equator are the minima lati- tudes of sun-spot activity, we would naturally expect to find a maximum midway between, say latitude 20°, and this has been borne out by actual observance of these phenomena. On the sixth of February last. Father Ricard, S. J., of this college, and his class obtained a projection of the sun ' s disc with its numerous spots through an eight-inch telescope for the purpose of ascertaining their latitudes and the areas of dis- turbance; the data obtained afford sufficient confirmation of our remarks as to the maximum zone of sun-spots. The largest of the spots numbered seventy-eight thousand miles in length and fifty-five thousand in width, and was situated on 20° north latitude; the second spot was thirty-two thousand miles in extent and eighteen thousand in width, jsituated on 28° south latitude; the third and smallest of the three was even much farther removed from the equator, 36° south latitude, and was proportion- ately small, being but nine thousand miles in diameter. Since the fall of condensed or meteoric matter into the sun in- creases the temperature of the atmosphere above the spots they produce, other falls in the same zone are not effective in; producing spots on account of the increased dissociation which they must undergo. Hence if this descending material is to produce a spot 286 THE REDWOOD it must fall into some region unoccupied by previous spots, which will naturally be in the direction of the equator. The result will be a gradual flow of sun-spots towards the equator and along the sun ' s meridian, for it is a part of that great solar current, which, like the winds of our own atmosphere, originates as w arm vapor- ous masses along the hot surface of the photosphere, and ascending as polar currents, are cooled, and descend again in the direction of the equator. The existence of ascending or polar currents is sup- ported by t wo facts: first, in times of eclipse when the sun ' s photosphere is hidden from view, its bright external envelope or corona, which still remains visible, exhibits immense tongues of flame which are curved toward the poles and these are nothing more than incandescent vapors; secondly, these incandescent vapors in their upward rush produce those appearances of bright spots among the darker sun-spots, known to astronomers as faculse. When once the falls have commenced, they should increase in numbers and intensity, for, as the temperature is increased by the conversion of their kinetic energy into heat, the more falls there are, the greater will be the mass of vapors produced, and conse- quently material for these eff " ects. But this can not go on forever, and thus it is that having reached their maximum they decrease in intensity and frequency until, having reached their minimum, they return to a maximum in a periodic cycle of about eleven years. All years of maximum sun-spot activity are characterized by the frequency of what are called magnetic storms. They manifest themselves in the peculiar antics of the magnetic needle, causing it to move from a state of comparative quietude, through an arc fifteen times as great as its ordinary oscillation. This oscillation is the daily range, or slow movement from eight o ' clock in the morning to about two in the afternoon, and back again during the remaining hours of the twenty-four that any magnet will undergo when freely suspended. This range is greater in summer than in winter, and greatest of all in maximum years of sun-spots. To show the agreement between the appearance of solar spots and magnetic storms, in October 1903, a spot larger than any for years was noticed, and simultaneously the largest magnetic disturbance for the same period occurred. In regard to the spot of February THE REDWOOD 287 6, mentioned above, Father Bell ' s magnetograph registered gigan- tic disturbances, and the same may be said with but one except- ion of the nineteen largest spots that have occurred in the last thirty years. These synchronous occurrences of solar activity and magnetic storms seem to indicate not only an intimate relation between the two, but even point to the sun as the direct cause of the disturb- ances. Thus for many years it was the common opinion that these storms were caused by violent outbursts of magnetic energy in the sun, but ' this view received a severe check in an objection pro- pounded in 1892 by lyord Kelvin. He calculated that if these magnetic waves were sent out from the sun equally in all direct- tions as with light, heat, etc., then the amount of energy ex- pended in a few hours in causing the violent perturbations of the needle would be equal to the work it ordinarily requires months to accomplish. Therefore an intensity of thermometric conditions would naturally be expected, but this does not happen; solar activity may be accompanied by seasons of cold as has been the case during the last few months throughout the United States, as well as periods of warmth. A further objection was also added by Rev. W. Sidgreaves, S. J., of Stonyhurst, who pointed out cases where spots occurred without magnetic disturbances, and where disturbances have taken place when no spot has been visible. As a solution of these difficulties E. W. Maunder of Green- which has suggested a simple hypothesis which he has deduced from observations. The tendency of the spots to confine them- selves within certain latitudes and to travel along mere lines, has been noted in the foregoing, but it can be shown that these lines are always certain definite meridians near the center of the sun ' s disc. Thus when the great sun-spots of February, 1892, were about 17° past the central meridian of the sun, a universal mag- netic storm broke out. It passed around with the sun, and after a period of 27.35 or twenty-seven days, the time of the sun ' s synod- ical revolution, it appeared again in the neighborhood of the same meridian and simultaneously with its crossing, another storm occurred. This makes it apparent that the disturbances are not situated indiscriminately over the sun ' s surface, but are restricted 288 THE REDWOOD to certain fixed points and exert their energy along certain definite lines. These are magnetic lines of force created by the currents of up-rushing vapors which are condensed in the cool regions of the sun ' s atmosphere, forming minute droplets charged with negative electricity. These are poured forth under the pressure of light in a constant stream, and, entering our atmosphere, charge it with negative electricity which affects the earth ' s magnetism. This is further strengthened by photographs taken of the sun ' s corona, for many of the prominences of the exterior envelope, from being wide at their base, taper to a point and disappear in a fine-drawn ray. As they are composed of the upward-rushing material ex- pelled by the sun ' s energy, it would tend to show that this energy exerts itself only along certain lines, and not in all directions as Kelvin supposed. This hypothesis not only clears up the latter ' s difficulty but all the other outstanding objections as well. Thus it would be most natural to suppose that this line of force would miss the earth at certain times, and no disturbance would result. Again, the reverse of this might take place, where a disturbance would occur without the usual synchronous spot; there being sufiicient energy at the source to produce lines of force, but not enough to make it visible as a sun-spot. Finally it explains the simultaneous occurrence of the aiirora borealis with that of solar phenomena, in that the former, which is due to electrical discharges in the high atmosphere, is brought about by the flow of the negatively charged particles into our atmosphere. Though this hypothesis has its ob- stacles, nevertheless it establishes a fair explanation of the causes of the foregoing phenomena. Other hypotheses account for these phenomena severally, but they do not make manifest the intimate relation that exists between solar, magnetic, and even meteoro- logical phenomena. John H. Riordan, ' 05 THE REDWOOD 289 the: mission cross Thou lone survivor from the wreck of time, — The sight of thee compels the mind to fly Across the silent lapse of years gone by, And live the calm days of thy rustic prime. Fond hands have planted thee, Fond hearts, that sailing o ' er the troubled sea. Left home with its endearing charms To be as brothers to the savage rude, To draw him to thy sheltering arms And lead him on along the path of good. And they have toiled before thy animating sight To bring the ignorant to see the light; They toiled and struggled, but they won the fra} ' -, And when their task was done the Master called away His faithful servants, with a mystic voice, To pay their merits with eternal joys. No monument commemorates upon this soil Their noble toil; But thou, the last surviving relic we revere. Their worthiest monument, Hast stood there many a year In silence, yet how eloquent ! Richard A. de la Guardia, ' 08 290 THE REDWOOD " THE RID " I. ' ' Well, you ' re the most stubborn youngster I ' ve ever known, " drawled Jimmy as he shifted his quid of tobacco to his other jaw, and went on cutting his name on the hitching post in front of Moffit ' s General Merchandise store in Sutter ' s Flat. " Why, yer aint even got sense enough to come in outer the rain. " The other looked up furtively. ' I don ' t see as how you ' re con- cerned, " he vouched dryly between his white, clenched teeth. Jimmy stroked his long, sandy moustache, and eyed the youth thoughtfully. Jimmy was a big, raw-boned, broad-shouldered cowpuncher. The other was a mere boy, hardly nineteen, if he was that old; a tall fellow with wonderful black eyes, and a decided stoop at the shoulders. He worked on Mott ' s ranch along with Jimmy Oliver and ten or twelve others, and little was known of him other than the fact that Jimmy brought him, a child of three, along with him when he came to Sutter ' s Flat some years before. Jimmy continued his gaze at the boy. " Why yer great big fool, " he said at last, " what ' s gettin ' inter yer? Yer don ' t see how I ' m concerned, durn yer; well, I ' ll show yer how, I will! Get down off that there box and go on up to the ranch. It ' s most sundown, and I ' ll see yer up there. I ' m goin ' to round up them calves o ' Morely ' s, then I ' ll see to you. Get up and get, will yer? " The boy shifted his legs. " No! " he said, " I won ' t. " " Then don ' t, " roared Jimmy, as he raised himself to his full height. ' ' Don ' t, I say, I don ' t want yer to. I ' ve washed my hands of yer. Do yer hear? Do yer hear? " Yes, I hear, and what ' s more, I damned glad, " returned the youth. Jimmy turned on his heel, and went over to the opposite fence. There he untied his pony, mounted, and was soon lost in clouds of thick, gray dust. The boy did not look up until the sounds of the horse ' s hoofs had died away, then he lifted his dark eyes in the direction Jimmy had gone. He began to mutter something to himself. THE REDWOOD 291 ' ' Now he ' s mad, " he said, ' ' I ' m glad of it. Serves him right for meddling in my affairs. He ' ll let me alone now, mebbe. " He dropped lightly down from the porch, and swung into his saddle; then he rode off towards Mott ' s ranch. When Jimmy came into the shack it was almost dark, and only a pale light gave the interior a weird, grewsome appearance. He struck a match to light the candle, when the boy ' s voice ar- rested him. " Don ' t make a light, " he said, " my eyes hurt. " " Is that you, Kid? " asked Jimmy. " Yes, " came the reply. " Oh! " said Jimmy; then they both ate their supper in silence in the fading light that had changed to red and gold. The Kid, as Jimmy called him, gathered up the dishes and dropped them into a large wooden bucket, half full of water. He rolled up his sleeves and proceeded to work. Jimmy opened the door and drew his chair up to it, and sat down in the quiet twilight to smoke — and to think. How long -he sat there he did not know, and it was only when the Kid touched his chair that he started up. " What ' s up? " he asked. " I want to pass, " said the Kid. Jimmy stood up. " Where are you goin ' ? " he inquired. " Down ter town, " was the answer. " What fer? " asked Jimmy. " See some of the fellers, mebbe. " Jimmy stood aside to let him pass, striving at the same time to keep back a question. As the Kid passed him, Jimmy touched him on the shoulder. " Kid, " he said gently, " yer ain ' t goin ' down to Morgan ' s, are yer? " Jimmy turned sharply. " What if I am? " he asked, his dark eyes flashing in the starlight. " I don ' t want yer to go down to that hell-hole, ' cause it ' s not what I brought yer up ter! " Jimmy spoke fast but firmly. The Kid shrugged his shoulders and laughed a little bitterly, 292 THE REDWOOD it seemed to Jimmy, as they stood there facing each other in the calm evening. " Not what you brought me up to, eh! " said the Kid, " no, you brought me up to be a cry baby, I suppose. " " No, " said Jimmy, " not as bad as that. Kid, I brought yer up to be a man; that ' s what I want yer ter be — a man! " " Oh, yer do, do yer, " snarled the other, " then let me alone, and I ' ll take care of myself — that ' s what men do. " He turned to go- " Yes, sometimes, " said Jimmy, " but not always, not when they play the fool! " The Kid flashed around. " What do you mean? " he cried. " Just what I say. I repeat, — a fool! " The Kid lifted his right arm and struck at Jimmy, but the lat- ter broke the blow and held the boy tight by the wrist and forced him to the ground. " Not that! " he said, calmly, " anything but that! " " Let me go! " cried the Kid, struggling with the superior strength. " Not till yer hear what I have ter say ter yer, and when I ' m through, you go in there and say yer prayers and pray ter God fer light — stay where yer are till I ' m through with yer. Now listen to me, Kid, " Jimmy went on as he released his grip on the boy ' s wrist, " and don ' t yer miss a word. Yer never knowed what I ' m goin ' ter tell yer tonight and I wouldn ' t tell only yer forced me ter. Yer don ' t know who yer are, even where yer come from, but I do ' cause I brought yer with me. Brought yer the night she was buried — yer mother, I mean — up there in Arizona. Yer know. Kid, I loved her — yes, yer surprised, but I did. I knowed her long before she met yer dad, and we was great chums, she and me. But yer dad was more handsome than me so when he asked her to hitch up, she did, and I was left all alone. Oh! of course I didn ' t care — that is I didn ' t let her know as how I cared; but I did care, oh! did care so much. Kid. So I went away where I would- n ' t see her no more. I went to California and drove there for a while, till one day I got a letter from her, saying as how she THE REDWOOD 293 wanted to see me. It was just like an angel callin ' me, and I pack up and back to Arizona I go in a jiffy. When I found her she was dyin ' , yes, dyin ' of a broken heart, and you was there with her, a tiny little thing, asleep on the floor. She told me how yer dad had treated her, how he gambled and drank and then went off and left her after you was born. Told me how she strug- gled ter give you a decent raisin ' and how at last she broke down under the weight, and couldn ' t struggle no more. Told me as how she was dyin ' and wanted me to look after you, and there on my knees, in that old room I knelt before her and God, and swore — swore to make yer a man that she could be proud of from up there. She died that night, and next night I started down here fer Texas, you with me, and her picture here, in the locket I told yer couldn ' t open. Now, yer see what yer are ter me, Kid, don ' t yer? Yer see why I ' ve tried so bard to do the square thing by yer — don ' t yer see it. Kid? Yer see why I don ' t want yer ter go down to Morgan ' s and peter out yer life at cards. Leave ' em alone, Kid, them cards is cursed, every one of ' em cursed like yer father ' s cards. No Kid, I ' m damned if I let yer go, — damned if I do! " Jimmy was overcome with his own emotion, and sank in the chair, burying his head in his hands. For a moment neither spoke, then the Kid arose and went over to where Jimmy sat. Tears made the Kid ' s eyes glisten as he rested his hand on Jimmy ' s shoulder and said very gently, " I won ' t go to-night, Jim. It ' s all right. " Then he entered the shack hurriedly, leaving Jimmy out there alone with his thoughts and the stars. II. It was eleven o ' clock that night when the Kid arose and dressed, sleep being impossible. He had thought it all out as he lay the re, and now he had decided what to do. Jimmy, of course, must know nothing of his heavy losing of the night before when McComas got his last hundred, which, with other hundreds, Jimmy and he had laid aside. Jimmy was right, though, Morgan ' s was a hell-hole, but despite his promise, he would go there once more — and win back if he could, some, and maybe all of the money, and 294 THE REDWOOD more, too, for Jimmy. Yes, his mind was made up, he ' d go to- night for the last time. Jimmy had not stirred in his sleep as the Kid crawled over him, nor did he hear him when he crept softly out into the night. Once in the air, he felt relieved and lost no time in saddling his pony and he was soon tearing over the country that lay before the town of Sutter ' s Flat. Once there he rode up to Morgan ' s and dismounted around by the side door. His appearance in the gambling hall was the occasion for wild shouts of glee and wel- come. " Hello, Kid! " — " Come on, Kid, I ' ll stake yer! " — " Over here. Kid, yer know yer want yer money back! " The last voice attracted him; it was McComas, and he went over to where he was playing, with several others. Before many minutes he was deep in the game, playing heavily, all on bor- rowed stakes. As on the night before, luck was against him, and he began to lose. He took a drink to strengthen his nerves, then another. He forgot all about his promise, about Jimmy, and about his mother, whom Jimmy had loved. The demon drink was in him and he sHd a marked card into bis hand. McComas was quick of eye though, and saw the pass, and in a moment the place was in a riot. " Yer thief! " yelled McComas, at the staggering boy, " Yer lyin ' thief, yer cards are marked! " The Kid struggled to his feet and the others pressed close around them. McComas grabbed him by the arm. " That ' s what yer come here fer, is it? to cheat — to lie! — That ' s how yer try to get money for him, is it? — Jimmy Oliver teaches yer well, doesn ' t he? " A terrible look came into the Kid ' s eyes as he heard Jimmy ' s name mentioned here, in this place, and for the first time he real- ized what he was to him. With a mighty effort he got to his feet and shook off McComas ' grasp. I ike a flash he whipped out his revolver, and when the smoke cleared away, McComas lay on the THE REDWOOD 295 floor dead, and the Kid stood over him rigid, — a spectre in the yellow, smoky lamp-light. Jimmy was up at sunrise and wondered why the Kid had left so early. His heart was light, now that the weight of worry was lifted from it, and he felt like a new man as he dressed himself that morning. It was not until he went over to the stove that he realized that the Kid had left hurriedly. There was no fire and no coffee had been prepared. Jimmy shuddered, instinctively, then he laughed, dryly. " Poor Kid, " he said to himself, " he must be all broken up. " He got his breakfast, then put on his hat and coat, and tied a clean bandana round his neck. A fresh chew, the door bolted, and he started for the shed to get his pony. A cloud of dust on the road attracted his attention, and as he watched it, he saw that it was a horseman riding toward him, the Kid no doubt — but — no, it was not the Kid, it was Tom McComas, the other McComas ' brother. As he neared the gate, he drew up and called to Jimmy. " Here you, Jimmy Oliver, " he cried, " read this, it ' s for you! " He tossed a long envelope over the fence, then turned and rode away. Somehow, Jimmy felt that something was wrong. He noticed how pale Tom ¥IcComas w as. The Kid! Something was wrong! He rushed over and picked up the envelope. Trembling, he tore it open and read the brief scrawl: " Mr. Jimmy Oliver, " it ran, " your Kid shot and killed Joe McComas last night down at Morgan ' s, after having cheated him at cards. He ' ll swing todaj at noon. (Signed) Lohman, Sherifi of Sutter ' s Fiat. " Jimmy continued to stare at the contents of the letter long after he had read it. His fingers grew stiff as he still grasped it, and his heart had turned to ice. Gradually the truth dawned on him — the Kid — his Kid — a murderer — his trust had been betrayed. The vision of the Kid dangling there on a rope almost fright- 296 THE REDWOOD ened Jimmy into insensibility, but he held himself, firm, — tense, and tried to think it all out. : K ; : : ;}c Tbey kept the Kid in Morgan ' s all night, and did not bring him out until Jimmy arrived; they had that much consideration. The boy ' s eyes flashed as bright as ever, but his face was pale and drawn, and deep circles shadowed beneath his lower lashes. It was plain to see the agony of the night depicted there in his face. Jimmy stared at him, but he didn ' t see Jimmy — he seemed to to be alone. His hands were tied behind him and his dishevelled hair added to his haggard appearance. He took his place in the grewsome procession and moved on with the rest. Jimmy walked behind, alone, leading his pony — he thought it best that the kid should not see him. If it must be — let it be as the Kid wanted it — death like a man. As he walked there in that death parade the horror of it all came over him. The Kid he loved — whom he had raised to this — this — and her — the Kid ' s mother! He felt her eyes upon him as he did the night she died some sixteen years before. Then a thought flashed through his brain, and he felt for his revolver at his belt. They halted when they reached the oak, a quarter of a mile irora the crossing. The Kid ' s hands were untied, and the custom- arj time was given the prisoner to say something, but he had no words for them. Jimmy glanced over at him once and he saw that his lips were moving — and he thanked God in his heart, for he knew that the Kid was praying. The boy had some friends in the crowd, and one by one they came up and shook him by the hand. When the last had gone, save Jimmy, McComas and the sheriff moved away, and left them alone, together. Jimmy was the first to speak. " This is the end. Kid, " he said in a voice so strange that the Kid didn ' t seem to recognize it. " The end, " said the Kid, calmly. Jimmy drew a long breath and walked up to him. " Then, " he said, " it ' s good-bye. " THE REDWOOD 297 The Kid stretched out his hand, and Jimmy grasped it and held it for a second. " Good bye, " said the Kid hoarsely, " and " There was a quick, sharp shot and the Kid reeled against the oak. Jimmy turned to his pony and disappeared through the shimmer that had settled over the valley. Martin V. MkrIvR, Jun. Spec ' l. MY FRIEND There are friends who now surround me, There are friends I ' ve left at home, Friends I have yet to meet with On the paths which I must roam. But my friend — I ' ll ne ' er forget him — Is the one who long has fled From the world of sin and sorrow. And lies numbered with the dead. Yet I know that in the future. In the paradise above, I shall meet my friend and clasp him, I shall meet the one I love. There are friends who now surround me. There are friends I ' ve left at home, Friends I have yet to meet with On the paths which I must roam„ Eugene Ivancovich, ' o8 298 THE REDWOOD DEMOSTHENES IN TROUBLE The Olynthiacs and the Philippics of Demosthenes are known, at least by hearsay, to the average Greek student; and their general spirit, their patriotism and logic are things which we talk about quite freely and sometimes with more earnestness than apprecia- tion. But as far as my knowledge goes, there is not much inter- est taken in the private life of the great orator and in the speeches which treat of his domestic and social troubles. For this reason we are apt to think erroneously of the Prince of Eloquence, we are apt to view him strutting gloriously about the forum at Athens, with his mantle thrown around his shoulders in graceful folds and the Andres Athenaioi standing aside to let him pass, and bowing to him as the foremost citizen of their age. He did in fact have periods of glory, but all was not sunshine. His very greatness caused envy, as greatness always does, his standard of honesty and integrity was too high for his contemporaries, and so shadows came and caused his great heart to grieve. Maybe his sorrows were partly the cause of his success. His invective against Conon is an apt illustration of the shady side of Demosthenes ' life and I have attempted to translate it compendiously. No introductory remarks are necessary; the narrative explains itself. Here it is with as much fidelity as I had at my command. " Three years ago, O Judges, I was sent on duty to Panactus. The sons of Conon pitched their tent very close to mine, and I wish they hadn ' t, for their proximity was the cause, as you will hear presently, of our subsequent wrangling. These neighbors of mine held revel every day and all day and even when we were on duty; while I, according to my home-custom, abstained from wine. The result was that when my servants were preparing the evening meal, my neighbors were usually intoxicated, and with vulgar language and all manner of abuse they proved a great pest to us. They complained that the smoke from our fire dis- turbed them and they went so far as to beat my servants unmer- cifully. Having protested, as we well might do in the circum- THE REDWOOD 299 stances, and having received no relief, we determined to lay our grievances before the general of the camp. Nor were we alone in this complaint; most of the neighboring tents sent representatives complaining of a like nuisance. The general reprimanded the offenders, but far from having an effect, the reproof stirred up their enmity the more, and that very night they attacked me, first with the vilest kind of language and then even with blows and kicks, and such was the excitement caused that the general and some of his men came to the rescue and saved me, I dare say, from a frightful beating at the - hands of these drunkards. I let the matter drop at this, though by the gods, I was angry. On our return home I made up my mind never to go near them again, nor even to have them arrested, as I well might, for I wished to have nothing to do, even in a court of justice, with such vaga- bonds. Not long after however, when I, in company with my friend Phanostratus, was taking my customary evening stroll in the forum, a drunken man chanced to pass us by and recognizing me, he raised a frantic shout and murmured some unintelligible nonsense to himself and then rushed off to the house of Pythodo- rus, where (I afterward learnt) Conon and his fellows held their drinking revels. I expected some trouble but nothing daunted, I paid my usual visit to the temple of Proserpine and started home- ward with Phanostratus. We had reached the house of Leocorius, when a low band of ruffians attacked us. One, whom I know not, held my companion while three of them, Conon and his son and the son of Andromenis fell upon me, stripped me of my robes, threw me down, rolled me in the mud, trampled on me, kicked, beat and lacerated me so outrageously that they tore my lip in twain, closed both my eyes and left me so helpless that I could neither rise nor speak. Thus prostrate I heard their insulting language. So vile and vulgar was it that 1 would blush to repeat their words in your presence. But I shall add one proof of Conon ' s guilt in this criminal deed. He stood over me and began to crow like a victorious rooster while his companions exhorted him to strike his elbows against his sides in imitation of wings. With this they departed and sometime after I was taken home by some 300 THE REDWOOD passers by, and Oh the screams and cries of my mother and her maids when they saw my wretched plight! With difficulty they brought me to the bath-tub to remove the mud and prepare ray sore afflicted and half dead body for the doctors. The swellings on my face and the sores all over my body were so great, the fever was so continual, the pains, first on one side, then the other, and then in the depths of my stomach, were so intense that I could neither eat nor sleep, and the doctors affirmed that it was only by a timely hemorrhage that my life was preserved. To all these facts I wish to give my oath, O Judges. I swear by all the gods and goddesses that I suffered these things of which I complain, at the hands of Conon. I swear that I was beaten almost to death, that my lip was split; that my eyes were closed; that I was a victim of untold indignities. If I swear truly may I be blessed for the rest of my life and may nothing similar ever happen to me again. If I swear falsely may I perish utterly. But I do not swear falsely, Judges, nor would I perjure myself even if thereby Conon would burst asunder. I ask therefore that you condemn this wretch without any re- gard to his entreaties. Conon will weep and supplicate your mercy, but consider whether he who inflicted those indignities on me is more worthy of a hearing than I who received them; consider whether or no you are to sanction such insolence and such misdemeanor. If you absolve him, there will be many more like him; if you condemn him the number of criminals will decrease. I might mention many deeds of valor done by my father and myself, while he has done nothing for the common good; but this is not a fit occasion to commemorate our achievements. This much however I will ask; that, if my benefactions to Athens are to re- main unhonored and unrecognized, I be not an object of contumely and scorn and that I be not lacerated almost to death with impu- nity. " The foregoing is, as I said in the beginning, a translation of the narrative in Demosthenes ' invective against Conon. I have given it merely as an indication of the trials of the greatest of orators. His allusions to himself and to his father must not be THE REDWOOD 301 considered from our point of view; he spoke thus when such sim- plicity was permissible. What astonishes us, however, is the grievous treatment he received from the ruffians; we would not expect it in an age which we are accustomed to call heroic and intellectual and all that. The conduct of Conon is what we would expect from a school boy now-a-days, when we hear big bul- lies talking of black eyes and bloody noses. And maybe that is the solution of the mystery; the Greeks were big boys, and maybe further, if I may be allowed to draw an important conclusion from an apparently insignificant fact, that boyishness was the cause of Demosthenes ' greatness. He is and ever was a model of eloquence. Might it not be because he had the simpHcity, the directness, the candor of youth all through life? There is something in the answer to that question which would deserve special treatment. All I would say is that if we moderns have grown from boyhood to manhood and if we have abandoned some of the evil qualities of youth, we have also, it seems to me, lost all of the goodness. It is good that in society there are not many instances of trampling people in the mud and lip-splitting and closing of eyes, but the abandonment of simplicity and candor and natural expression for the varnish and tinsel and the grandiloquence of today is a doubtful blessing. Gkorge Casey, ' 07. 302 THE REDWOOD A HUNDRED YEARS FROM NOW A hundred years from now, the day Will shine as fair and bright, The stars in still undimmed array Will sentinel the night; As gaily will the loving flowers Their mother ' s breast adorn; And warbling choirs from sylvan bowers Awake the purple morn. A hundred years from now, the sound Of childhood ' s mirth will ring. Young hearts to love ' s mad throb will bound, Love ' s song young voices sing. Man ' s life will then as now be sweet His heart heave full and high, His mind ' s horizon be complete; — And we in dust shall lie. A hundred years! — still shall the strife Of petty passions reign, Life ' s baubles will be all of life, God ' s truth a fancy vain. To homes with fates eternal fraught. Men mount the steps of years; Yet for those homes what little thought! For the steps what toils ! what tears! A hundred years! — o ' er friends and foes Oblivion ' s dead sea, With all their bickerings, shall close, — With name and memory. THE REDWOOD 303 The little loves our hearts that thrilled Shall have resigned their sway; And the envied wealth our hands had filled Be turned with them to clay. A hundred years! — how faint and far The life shall then appear A dimmer, dimmer glowing star On memory ' s widening sphere. A hundred years! what depth and height Of mystery sublime O ' er my dark soul shall break in light In Truth ' s own native clime! A hundred years! — this heart shall hold Love ' s shoreless nectar sea; Christ ' s potent hand shall mine enfold In fondest amity. I ' ll gaze into His eyes divine With open guiltless brow, And feel His Heart respond to mine A hundred years from now. Robert H. Shepherd, ' 07. 304 THB REDWOOD THE STRANGE ADVENTURE OF JAMES BONAPARTE rUDGE I do not think we ever knew his real name or how he came to be associated with the Daily Register. It was Porter that dis- covered him one morning, perched like a ruffled-up pigeon on the stool held sacred to the memory of by-gone office boys, and it was Porter, the irrepressible, that christened our latest acquisition, James Bonaparte Fudge. To the rest of us, he was only " Fatty, " and truth compels me to acknowledge, it was a rank injustice to have bestowed upon him any other title. He was short and round and lazy and good-natured. As for his circular dimensions, they were simply heroic. Even yet, I am firmly convinced that Fatty ' s nursing bottle must have been an air pump. Nothing else could have produced such an appalling ob- ject as James Bonaparte Fudge. However, without claiming for the boys on the staff, any power of second sight, we were not long in discovering that Fatty had two and only two great purposes in life. One was an al- mighty desire for perpetual sleep and the other was an equally overwhelming ambition to emulate the performances of Deadshot Dick, Nick Carter and others. In either of these events, Fatty was a prize winner and if I mistake not, the only banality in his existence was the regret that he couldn ' t read " penny dreadfuls " and sleep at the same time. One day he did — and in a manner so extraordinary that as a result v e nearly lost our city editor — but of this, later. Be it known that we soon learnt to respect Fatty. In fact, we grew immensely proud of him. Used to feed him at regular intervals until Porter suggested that we turn the office into a side- show and charge admission. But at this old Mac got riley and called us a lot of butter-brained idiots, so we had to quit. Then came the day v hen the fate of Humpty-dumpty over- took James Bonaparte Fudge. We never did learn all the harrow- ing details, but the substance of the story we extracted from Fatty, THE REDWOOD ' 305 by starving him between sleeps, and it happened like this. It was Fatty ' s custom to sojourn at our office from 10 a. m. un- til the same hour in the night. Rather long hours, but as Fatty slept all the time it ma de no difference. His way home took him past the undertaking parlors of Upper and Tilden. On this par- ticular evening, the senior member of the firm happened to be standing in the doorway when Fatty labored past. Recognizing him as an appurtenance of The Register, " John Upper called him in and gave him a letter. That note to Mac was the undoing of Fatty, who, of course waited only until he rounded the first corner before sitting down to read it. " Dear Mac, " it began, " In our stock-taking this month, we made the somewhat remarkable discovery that some one had re- lieved us of fifty A No. 2 coffins. The matter is now in the hands of the police and if you care to follow it up, there may be a big story in it, as the case has a mysterious look. " The Times " and ' ' TheNews " have both got a man out on it, so you had better hustle to avoid a " scoop. " Yours etc., John W. Upper. " For some moments. Fatty ruminated on this delectable bit of news. Then he would have fallen asleep had not an extraordi- nary thing happened. Into the mildewed brain of James Bona- parte Fudge there crept an idea. And from this solitary concept sprang a whole family of other ideas, so startling in their nature as to cause Fatty to resume his journey to the office. The note contained a mystery, that much was plain. Now in Fatty ' s ex- perience with " The Black Avengers, " a m3 ' ' stery always meant a hero, a villain and a murder. The conclusion was ridiculously ob- vious. Then there were the coffins, which no doubt were intended by the villain for his victims. Fifty coffins, fifty victims. The thought took Fatty ' s breath away. He tried to think what Nick Carter or The Boy Sleuth would do under the circumstances and remembered that these worthies invariably caught their men red- handed about the hour of midnight. Well, he would do likewise. When Fatty reached the editorial rooms of The Register he had about decided that James Bonaparte Fudge would soon startle the world with the greatest " scoop " story that had ever decorated 3o6 THE REDWOOD the front page of a newspaper. Fatty could already picture the headlines, " Greatest Murderer of the Age, unearthed by Fatty. " And it was in this frame of mind, that our redoubtable " but- tons " sidled through the doorway that night and scaled his stool, with a Sherlock-Holmes look on his face. For ten minutes he sat there blinking at me and then Mac, the city editor, rushed into the room. " Fatty, " sez he solemn-like, " Do you want to be a hero? " " In c ourse, " gasped James Bonaparte Fudge. " Well then, " continued the city editor, " don ' t ask any ques- tions but do as I tell you. I ' ve heard all about the coffin story. It ' s a big thing and we ' ve got to scoop the other papers on it. Now there ' s only one person in the city that can solve this mystery and — Fatty you are the person. Will you do it? " here Mac went down on his knees before the office stool on which sat " the person. " That individual blinked benignly at the city editor for a few minutes. Then he shd gracefully off his perch and stalked out the door. Outside a stylish cab was drawn up at the curb, waiting for him, and into it bounced Fatty. Without waiting for directions — a circumstance that Fatty paid little attention to — the driver at once whipped up his horses and in a few minutes they were bowl- ing along through the outskirts of the city. Street after street flashed by in the darkness and suddenly the carriage drew up. They were in front of the Upper and Tilden warehouse. Quite as a matter of couse Fatty dismissed the carriage with an imperious gesture and soon he was sitting alone on a pile of lumber that blockaded the sidewalk. For three long hours James Bonaparte Fudge held full sway over the deserted streets and just as he was beginning to grow tired, a neighboring clock boomed out the hour of midnight. Fatty turned his head and there — coming slowly down the middle of the street were four black horses, hauling behind them a heavy dray. Two men, both heavily masked, sat upon the driver ' s seat. With an agility that was surprising. Fatty bounded behind the lumber pile and peering out between the boards, saw the men THE REDWOOD 307 leap out, unlock the door of the warehouse and begin to carry out coffins. " One — two — three — four " — Fatty ' s eyes bulged and bulged — until at the count of fifty they stood out like the horns of a snail. But the fifty coffins taxed the capacity of the dray to the utmost and when these had been loaded on, the masked .strangers prepared to drive off. At that Fatty got busy. With a hop, skip and a jump he landed on the back of the wagon, and esconced himself between two coffins. Ah! " he whispered, " here is where James Bona- parte Fudge makes good! " Slowly they moved at first, but gradually quickened their speed, until the four horses were tearing along the county road at a foaming gallop. It required all of Fatty ' s efforts to hang on, so th at he lost all sense of his surroundings and could only judge that they were a good way off from town and in a thickly wooded country. Finally hghts twinkled ahead of them and a magnificent mansion came into view. With an astonishing display of foresight Fatty slid back the panels of the largest coffin he could find and worked himself inside. Once in, our hero became panic-stricken on finding that he could not get out. The dray drew up at the entrance of the mansion. Lights flashed from the windows and servants clad in red velvet came running out to meet them. One by one the coffins were hoisted out and taken into the house, and at length they came across the frightened Fatty. With a deafening yell, James Bona- parte Fudge was pounced upon and dragged up the great staircase leading into the house. " Take him to the council chamber, " roared the masked driver, " and call a meeting at once! " Up another flight of stairs and into a vast hall, resplendent with lights, went Fatty, followed by an army of red-clad lackeys. And then it was, that the mystery of the disappearing coffins was laid bare to the horror-stricken gaze of the " buttons. " Lined along the wall in rows that reached to the ceiling were tiers and tiers of A No. 2 coffins and in each coffin there was a living human occu- pant. Fatty tried to scream, but he could not; he tried to die but he could not, and as a last resourse he closed his eyes and tried to 3o8 THE REDWOOD go asleep, only to re-open them upon the awful sight. " Well, well, young man, " said a rasping voice, ' ' what do you think of the Palace of Coffins? " Fatty wheeled around and confronted a short, thick-set man, whose features were almost completely hidden by a bushy red beard. " Oh! " remarked James Bonaparte Fudge, " you ' re Red Mike, the outlaw king, aint you? " The stranger nodded approvingly. " Glad to see that your ed- ucation has not been neglected, young man, but how about my Palace of Coffins? " " It ' s very nice, " said Fatty, diplomatically, and at this. Red Mike actually beamed. " So glad you like it, " he purred, " they usually obiect rather strenuously, but of course it would do you no good. " " I am afraid I don ' t quite understand, " ventured James Bona- parte Fudge. " Oh, yes, you do, " corrected the outlaw king, " come along and I ' ll show your your little bed, its on the second tier, number 345- " Fatty struggled, but it was no use. Two servants grabbed him and bore him steadily along in the wake of Red Mike. " H ere we are, " cried the latter, indicating a coffin that looked suspiciously like a wash tub, " Now then, you small hill of flesh, " he continued turning to Fatty, " that ' s your future home, see! but before I put you up for the night, I ' m going to introduce you to the company. " " This is ' Teddy ' Roosevelt. Fatty, shake hands, " and Red Mike pushed aside the panel from a big white coffin, disclosing the un- mistakable features of the President. " I thought, I thought, " stammered the frightened Fatty as he backed away from the out-stretched hand, " that Teddy was in Washington. " " Nothing of the sort, " snorted the outlaw king, " as soon as Teddy was elected, we kidnapped him and put one of our trained actors in his place. This is the real Teddy. " THE REDWOOD 309 " Hump, " said Fatty, ' ' and who is this? " indicating the occu- pant of the adjoining coffin. ' 0h! " said Red Mike, " that ' s Albert Edward; we stole him ten days after his coronation. The fellow that took his place was the brightest pupil I ever had. You see, " he continued confi- dentially, " its really a great little idea of mine. I skim the cream of the world ' s society and replace it with condensed milk. This one is Bobby Ingersol. " " I thought he died, " objected Fatty. " You thought wrong, " replied Red Mike shortly, " Bob Inger- sol is here, safe and sound. It was my man that died. I ' ve got them classified, " he went on. " This lower row is for royalty, on the next I have the literary bunch, and on the top are the prize fighters. Every day I turn them loose so that they can go through their special stunts. Would you care, young man, to see them perform? I assure you it is great fun, " " Oh no, thanks, " responded Fatty, " I wouldn ' t like to disturb them. Pray don ' t — " but it was too late. Red Mike signaled to the servants, bells rang, levers turned and each coffin vomited forth its occupant. " Attention! — on right into line, " thundered Red Mike. The motley gathering formed in single file. " Advance singl} and kneel at the feet of James Bonaparte Fudge, " ordered the outlaw king. On they came, kings, queens, and princes, lawyers, diplomats and society swells. One after one, they cringed before the heroic Fatty, till the latter grew dizzy at the endless chain of faces. Some of them he recognized as men whose photographs were printed in every country. Others he had never seen before. At length the long line appeared to be coming to an end; there were only two more left. The first one of these was strangely familiar. Fatty rubbed his eyes and stared hard at the shirt-sleeved man before him. Yes, there could be no doubt of it, it was Mac, the city editor. Their eyes lighted with mutual recognition and James Bona- parte Fudge caught the whispered words, " Fatty, remember the scoop, take this dagger and when you see your chance, get the jump on Red Mike. " Into the flabby hand of Fatty, Mac pressed 3IO THE REDWOOD a round cold object and passed on into the receding line. " Now then, " chuckled the outlaw king, " your time has come, Fatty, shake hands with your successor. " Fatty looked at the last person in the line and beheld with horror, an exact counterpart of himself. For an instant our dear old " buttons " hesitated and then with a valiant shriek, he launched out a mighty kick at the stomach of the second Fatty and then turning, precipitated himself, dagger and all, full at the throat of Red Mike. For some minutes I had been watching Fatty, as he sat on his high stool, midway between Mac ' s desk and mine. Though asleep, he seemed to be of the verge of attempting a cat fit. His fingers clutched convulsively a tallow candle, his breath came in short gasps and just as I reached for a pen to protect myself, James Bonaparte Fudge sprang like a scared elephant, straight into the arms of the city editor. Continue, O Muse! My pen fails me. Ink, splintered chairs and profanity reigned supreme. " Shelp me, Red Mike! I ' se nabbed you, " shrieked Fatty, " O pickles! what a scoop! Hi! yi! Cock-a-doodle-doo! — Ouch! where am I? " The last was occasioned by a violent kick from your hum- ble servant, who managed after prodigious efforts to rescue poor Mac. The telephone b ell tingled and I went to answer. ' Hello ' Register, ' " came a voice over the wire, " this is John Upper of the firm of Upper and Tilden. Say, about those cofiins, my night clerk just telephoned to me that the whole thing was due to an error in stock-taking. So it ' s all right. " " Eh! " I howled, " what coffins? What in the deuce are you talking about? " but the man at the other end had hung up. In disgust I turned to where Mac sat on the floor amidst the wreckage, calmly adjusting his collar. " What do you suppose was the matter with the kid? " I in- quired. Mac glared at me wrathfully for a moment, then switched THE REDWOOD 311 around to Fatty, " Say, you antediluvian doughnut! " he exploded, " what was the matter v ith you? " But James Bonaparte Fudge had relapsed into slumber. Gerald P. Beaumont, Jun. Spec ' l. LOUISE She was all alone. It was her father ' s club night, and mother had gone to the ball. Even the servants, finding an opportunity, slipped out to visit their friends. It was one of those quiet, calm nights when we feel a desire to be out. The stars were shining bright, the air was refreshing, and the tedium of staying in doors was unbearable. So at least, I ouise ' s parents had thought; so too had the servants thought, and when they found the coast clear they sought the freedom of the calm air without. This is why lyouise was all alone. She had just extinguished the candle and stood at the open window looking at the stars. " I wonder to whom I ' ll say my prayers tonight, " she thought, as the sight of the star-decked sky reminded her of heaven and of God. ' Mamma away, papa away, even the servants gone, and no one to hear me say my prayers. Perhaps I had better say them to God; He can hear me, even though He is up there beyond the stars. " Then she knelt down at the open window and said her pray- ers aloud. " Our Father who art in heaven, " never had such mean- ing to her before. She felt that He was indeed her Father and she went to bed and slept peacefully. Creed H. Brown, ' 07. 1 i e o0 Published Monthi y by the Students oe Santa Clara College The object of The Redwood ts to record our College Doings, to give proof of College Industry and to knit closer together the hearts of the Boys of the Present and of the Past. EDITORIAL STAFF EXECUTIVE BOARD Martin V. Merle, Junior Special. John W. Byrnes, ' o6 George Casey, ' 07 associate editors College Notes - - Ralph C. Harrison, ' 05 Alumni - " - - - - Rob ' t. Y. Hayne, ' 08 In the Library - - Francis Floyd-Jones, ' 07 Exchanges - - - Michael C. O ' Toole, ' 07 Athletics - - - Gerald P. Beaumont, ' 06 business manager Michael R. O ' Reilly, ' 06 assistants Thos. Leonard, Senior Special Joseph Curley, ' 05 Angelo Quevedo, ' 05 Address all communications to The Redwood, Santa Clara College, California Terms of subscription, $1.50 a year; single copies, 25 cents. EDITORIAL WHEM OTHER. THINGS FAIL The American drama is surely in a most deplorable condition when managers attempt to put forth such a literary conundrum and hopeless piece of dramatic construction as the so called Biblical Drama, " The Holy City, " which was recently exploited THE REDWOOD 313 in one of the San Francisco theaters. This unpardonable play pretending to portray graphically and artistically the Life and Passion of Christ is about the worst thing of its kind ever seen on this coast. " It remained for ' The Holy City ' to unite the crown- ing glories of dramatic power, scenic production, a moral and re- ligious play that elevates the souls of men above the things of time, into one grand triumph of dramatic art, and place it among the world ' s great masterpieces. " Thus wrote the author of " The Holy City " and surely he ought to know. The theme of the play is a noble one, the most elevating story in the world ' s history, and when turned to the use of the Oberam- mergau and Santa Clara Passion Play, and given with the zeal and intense love that predominates in these two productions, it is worthy of the most profound praise; but when used as in " The Holy City, " merely for lucre, and when devoid of the least sem- blance of artistic finish, it becomes ridiculous and unpardonable. We do not want to see the bible put on the stage for the sake of graft; its contents are too sacred and holy. If it be done at all, let it be with the reverence and respect that are its due; but that it be used when all other things fail to attract the almighty dollar, Heaven forbid. BOKLESQUEING THE BAKO AND THE ACTOK While on the subject we might mention the artistic and finan- cial failure of a recent burlesque on Mr. Ben Greet ' s production of Shakespeare ' s " Hamlet, " by the students of a western univer- sity. The entire production was treated with the contempt that it deserved. Martin V. M ri k, Jun. Spec ' l. 314 THE REDWOOD COLLEGE NOTES TKe Literary Congress The two branches of this organization, the Philalethic Senate and the House of Philhistorians, are about to enter the lists against each other in the annual Ryland Medal debate. In years gone by this debate has been held in the Senate chamber with more or less comfort and success. This custom was admirable considering that the medal debate is of but a few year ' s standing and nothing is ever initiated in all its perfection. But now that the Ryland Medal debate has back of it the experience of three years and since the news of it has been widely spead and the desire of many to hear it more pronounced; it would seem that it is time for the I iterary Congress to branch out from its conservative way and give to the Ryland debate the dignity and ipublicity it deserves. Therefore we would urge that beginning with this year the representative speakers of the House and Senate meet in debate in the College theater where the public can be easily accommodated. In this way we would not only advance the standing of the debate, but the Literary Congress of Santa Clara College would become more widely known. At tKe AiKambra On February 8th, as announced, ' ' The Light Eternal " was produced at the Alhambra theater in San Francisco. To transport from Santa Clara to San Francisco a play like " The Light Eternal, " vvithits large entailment of scenery, together with the body of student actors, was a most arduous undertaking, the happy accomplishment of which reflects great credit upon those who managed the trip. All concerned in the production received a deserved reward in the triumph that the play gained, both at the box office and as a piece of dramatic art. The receipts of the first which were be- yond all expectations, go to the parochial school of the Holy Re- THE REDWOOD 315 deemer parish, while the glory and credit of the latter rightfully fall at the door of the young author and director, Martin V. Merle. The Va jdeville It is announced that on March ist a monster vaudeville per- formance will take place, in which John J. Ivancovich, August Aguirre, Michael R. O ' Reilly, Lee J. Murphy, George Casey, Harry Gulling and Angelo Quevedo will face the foot-lights. The operatic stars Signor Giuo Sbrana and his brother Signor Olinto Sbrana will be heard in selections from Grand Opera. In- deed, all this together with a most laughable farce will constitute a program of immense superiority. The entire receipts will go for the benefit of St. Clare ' s parish. TKe Visit of FatKer Frieden, S, J. On Thursday, February 8th, the Very Reverend Fr. Frieden, S. J., superior of the California Jesuits, came to the College on his semi-annual official visit. A committee from the students waited upon him to extend the hearty welcome of the yard. Father Frieden met the committee graciously and during the short but enjoyable interview, more than dazzled them with the swift play of his quick wit and sporadic thrusts. The committee then re- turned to the yard with the happy memory of a most enjoyable few moments and — a holiday. 3i6 THK RKDWOOi) IN THE LIBRARY IN THE MOR.MJNG OF LIFE HERBERT LUCAS, S. J., — B. HERDER, ST. LOUIS, $I.OO The new volume from the pen of the Rev. Herbert I ucas, S. J., is a collection of discourses addressed to the students of Stony- hurst. " It is hoped, " says the author, " that they m ay be found helpful by others besides school-boys. " Most assuredly they will be found helpful by all who read them. In a clear easy, familiar style the gifted author runs through a variety of subjects import- ant and interesting, I isten to a paragraph taken at random from many similarly graphic and similarly instructive. " In the morning of life ' man goeth forth to his work ' ; each man to his allotted task; and these allotted tasks are in outward seeming exceedingl} diverse and various. But (still following the lead of St. Ignatius) I would remind j ou that, notwithstanding the manifold differences that mark us off one from another, notwith- standing the multitudinous variety of our several employments, all of us as Christians, whether poor or rich, simple or gentle, un- learned or learned, weak or strong, young or old have been called to one profession; and that is the profession of arms. We are, all of us, soldiers of Jesus Christ. In His royal corps we have, all of us, even the youngest, long since enrolled ourselves as cadets. It is indeed a royal service on which we have entered; and our regi- ment is not of this or that shire or local district, but just ' The King ' s Own. ' And it is close personal service; for Christ your King and Captain knows you, not as His Majesty King Edward VII might know you, by your name and rank and the number of your company, or b} ' ' some exploit ' mentioned ' (as the phrase goes) ' in despatches ' ; but He knows you, oh so much better than you know yourselves; He loves you with a love ten thousand fold stronger than that of a father, ten thousand fold more tender than a mother ' s, more intimately affectionate than that of your dearest THK RKDWOOl) 317 friend; He asks from you only the merest fraction of what He, as man has first done and endured for you; but — though all that you have to offer Him may be little in itself — He claims nothing less than all your heart ' s loyalty and your most entire self-devotion. Quant je puis — ' As much as I can ' — this is to be the measure of your loyalty and service. In His army, in His own regiment — as I said just now — you have long since enrolled yourselves; and, as those of you who are still under tutelage go forth to your life ' s work, He will give to each one of you, poor and rich alike, your commission and your charge. " Sentiments of this kind go to make up the volume of 300 pages. They are worthy of the learned Jesuit and capable of do- ing great good to all who have the good fortune to read this inval- uable work. EXCHAKGES THE nAVERFOBDIAM We welcome with a feeling of keen and genuine pleasure, a new arrival, the Haverfordian, as a guest at our monthly gatherings. It impressed us very favorably on its first appearance. It is quite a desirable visitor, tastefully made up and brim-full of good reading matter. The articles are excellent and the departments excellently handled. The exchange editor assures us that the muses have not been silenced at Haverford by the spirit of com- mercialism, their great modern enemy. We might indeed draw this conclusion from the few excellent specimens in the magazine, but they are far too few and too short. We hope to see much stronger actual evidence of poetic ability in future issues; with this improvement the magazine will be truly excellent. jEFFEBSON COLLEGE RECOR.D The first issue of another literary debutante, the Jefi erson College Record, made its appearance last month. We welcome it most heartily and extend it our best wishes for a successful career. 3i8 THK REDWOOD It contains ample evidence of high literary ability and promises the most satisfactory results. Many of the contributions are above the average, notably, " Edmund Burke as an Orator, " and " The Arthurian Legend, " A highly creditable feature of the " Record, " and one, by the way, very much in keeping with the title, is its complete and interesting account of life at Jefferson. THE SPRING HILL REVIEW This magazine is rather unique amongst our exchanges. It appears only now and then and gives us no clew when to expect it next. When it does put in an appearance however, it usually contains much that is well worth reading. The last number is ample enough and varied enough in matter and has a wealth of illustrations sufficient for several average college monthlies. The poetry for the most part is very good and there is plenty of it. " Kind Deeds " is a very beautiful little piece. It has the elegance of manner and expression, and the unity of thought requisite for a poem. THE NOTR,E DAME SCHOLASTIC There is always an amount of very interesting reading matter in the Scholastic. In the issue of February 4th, the oration en- titled " Mary Queen of Scots " is a rare bit of eloquence; it rouses one to a lively sympathy with the beautiful life of that unfortu- nate queen and the cause for which she died. " A Vital Problem, " a plea for the Negro, has some excellent thoughts on this difficult question. To Christianize and uplift the Negro does seem to be its only solution. THE STANFORD 5EQUOIA The Sequoia for February is somewhat more generously be- sprinkled with verse than usual. In fiction and in prose gener- ally the Sequoia is nearly always at the front, but in the field of poetry it is not all that we could wish for from Stanford. The chief failing is one of quantity — it seldom contains more than one short poem of four or five stanzas and a few mere snatches in THE REDWOOD 319 verse. Of course the matter of which a college magazine should be made up is largely a question of taste, still we do not think that any variety of composition, least of all the rich realm of poetry, can well be neglected. Most college students now-a-days, it is true, prefer to write prose than to attemptthe more polished and exacting article. Something of the same prosaic tendency may even be noted in the work of those who do write verse — and this is a general failing. There appeared in the Sequoia for January, for example, an excellent piece, both in thought, and often in ex- pression too, but its first line seemed to us entirely lacking in poetic movement. It was: " They took him out and they stood him up against the rock, to die. " Happily a higher strain is reached later on: " The lives that we lead are choked with greed, as your hands are stained with red! " And again: " I would not change my last two days for a hundred lives like yours. " THE MANQALORE MAGAZINE There is much consolation mingled with the cares and woes of the ex-man. One abundant source of it is the interesting view of college life, so like and yet so unlike in different parts of the world, that is laid open to him by the exchanges. The " Mangalore " magazine exemplifies this very peculiarity. It is published by a college which, even as the name implies — St. Aloysius ' College — is essentially familiar to us, but which is cast in circumstances altogether strange and foreign. It is replete with college news and local history. " The Martyrs of Salsette " is a very well writ- ten account of a stirringly interesting series of events. 320 THE REDWOOD ATHLETICS The baseball season is in full swing and under the skillful piloting of Wallace Bray, Santa Clara is already in winning form and well ahead in the race. Stanford has succumbed twice and Berkeley once to the prowness of Captain Feeney ' s men. As for the team itself, now that the individual players have begun to show their true form, it is on the whole, one to be highly respected. Especially strong is the pitcher ' s department, taken care of by Wolters, Boyle and Kilburn. Harry Wolters has thus far proved invincible. This quiet young fellow who, by the way, is immensely popular, seems pos- sessed of everything that a pitcher could wish for and lacks only development. Against Stanford and the California varsities he was unfathomable. Grover Boyle is another star; in the game against the heavy hitting Clabrough team, he showed splendid promise. " Cutey " Kilburn is the third member of the staff. This youngster, — for in our recollection he is the youngest and lightest pitcher that ever breasted a varsity monogram — has curves, con- trol, and an exceedingly wise little head. If we may be pardoned for attempting a Gypsy stunt, next year he will — well wait and see for yourself. The past month has been productive of a shift in the infield line up. Russell has been moved to left field, Feeney to second base, and Sigwart to the initial cushion. This checkerboard move seems to have strengthened the team considerably. Duggan still remains at short, Collins behind the bat and Charlie Byrnes at the third corner. The latter is the best man for that position that we have had since the days of Guy Connor. BerKelex 4 — Santa Clara 3 By the fastest kind of a whirlwind finish, w e just did manage to nose out Berkeley in the latter half of the ninth. It was a beautiful game, nip and tuck all the way, with plenty of ginger and good plays interspersed throughout. HeitmuUer for the Blue THE REDWOOD 321 and Gold and Wolters in the Red and White, opposed each other on the slab. Each man literally pitched his head off " . HeitrauUer struck out thirteen, walked five and allowed eight scattered hits. Wolters fanned eight, walked five and kept the hits down to three. Up to the eventful ninth, victory was doubtful. We had the lead in the beginning and until Bliss in the seventh inning tied the score by an unmerciful drive over the chapel. When we came to bat for the final round, the Blue and Gold players were on the long end of a 4-3 score, and then the whirlwind started. Captain Feeney walked, Duggan struck out, Collins came to the rescue with a two- base hit to left field, and Byrnes walked, thereby filling the cir- cuit. With excitement at fever heat, Charlie Russell came up and laced out a pretty single to deep center. Feeney and Collins raced across the plate — and we uncorked the noise. Wolters pitching and the stick work of Russell were the features. The score; SANTA CLARA BERKELEY AB R BH SB PO A K AB R BH SB PO A P Feeney, b 4 i i o o 3 o Gillis, 2b 3 i o o i o i Duggan, ss 4 o o o 4 2 i Causley, ss 3 000321 Collins, c 4 2 I o 10 I o Heitmuller, P....4 000030 Bvrnes, b 3 o o o o 3 i Graham, ib 3 102400 Russell, 2b 4 2 4 I 2 o I Wulzers, rf 3 o o i o o o Durfee, cf 3 020100 Bliss, c 4 i 2 o 13 4 o Friene, rf i 0001 10 Gunn, 3b ..4 100300 vSigwart, If 4000000 Sweasey, cf 2 o i o o o o Wolters, p 3 o o o o 2 o Butler, If i o o 2 i o o Kilburn, rf i o o o o o o ?eid, cf o o o o i o 5 Totals 31 5 8 I 27 II 3 Jordan, If o 000000 Totals 28 4 3 5 26 ' 9 2 " ■ ' -Two out when winning run was scored. Summary — Sacrifice hits — Duggan, Feiene, Jordan, Home run — Bliss. Three base hit — Durfee, Two base hit — Collins. Struck out — By Wolters 8, by Heitmuller, 13. First base on balls, off Wolters 5, Heitmuller 5. Hit by pitcher, Russell, Collins, Byrnes. Time of game — 2 hours S minutes. Umpires — Doyle and Strub. Scorer — vShepherd. Stanford 2, Santa Ciara 3 On their own campus, the Cardinals went down to bitter defeat, Wolters allowed but two hits and the team behind him played in 322 THE REDWOOD veteran form. From the tap of the gong the result was never in doubt. Russell cinching matters in the third inning by a drive to deep center that netted three runs. Thus Stanford lost the sec- ond game of the series. The score: SANTA CLARA STANFORD AB R BH SB PC A E AB B BH SB PO A E Presley 2b 5 i o i o o o Feeney, ib 4 i o o 8 i o Trowbridge, ss. . .4 o o o 2 i i Duggan, ss 4 i i i 2 2 i i,ewis; rf 2 o o o o o o Collins, c 3 I 2 o II I o Fen ton, 3b 3 000120 Byrnes, 3b 4 2 i o i i o Cadwallader, cf. 4 o i i o o o Russell, 2b 4 020032 Chalmers, If.. 2000300 Durfee, cf 3 3 o o o o o stott, c 3 000900 Friene.rf 4 o o o i o o Rook, etc., p 3 000220 Sigwart,lf 2 000201 Dudley, 2b 2 i i o o o o Welters, p 3010240 i antz, lb 4 o o o 7 i i Totals 32 5 7 I 27 12 4 Totals 33 2 2 2 24 6 3 RUNS AND HITS BY INNINGS 123456789 Santa Clara o o 4 o i o o o — 5 Base hits i o 2 i 2 o i o — 7 Stanford o o o o o o o 2 o — 2 Base hits o o o o o o o 2 o — 2 Summary — Two base hit — Russell. Sacrifice hits — Durfee, Wolters. Innings pitched in — Rook 4, Theile 4. Struck out — By Wolters 11, by Rook 6, by Theile 3. First base on balls— Off Wolters 4, off Rook i, off Theile 2. Double play — Theile to Lantz. Passed balls — Collins 2. Left on bases — Santa Clara 7, Stanford 7. First base on errors — Santa Clara 3, Stanford 3. Time of game — 1:50. Umpire — C.Doyle. Scorer — Shepherd. ClabrougK GolcKers 6, Santa Clara 3 Under the above name, a fast little team, composed mostly of Pacific coast leaguers, came down from San Francisco on February yth, and succeeded in lowering our colors, somewhat handily. The score would doubtless have been closer, but for an unfortunate error of judgment on the part of the umpire, which presented our visitors with two additional runs. Boyle und Kilburn did the twirling for Santa Clara, the team behind them playing a hard up-hill game. Against Hughes of Oakland, the college were unable to bunch their hits, though things began favorably enough in the opening inning. " Terrible Terry " 2 o 2 9 o 2 O 3 4 2 I O 6 o O o I O I 3 I o II I I 2 o 2 o o O o I o I I 2 O o o O I I I THE REDWOOD 323 McKune appeared behind the bat for our opponents and signalized his return to our campus by an errorless game, much to our regret. The score: SANTA CLARA CLABROUGH-GOLCHKRS AB R BH SB PO A K AB R BH SB PO A E Feeney, lb 3 i o i 6 2 o Adams, ss 5 Duggan, ss 5 i 2 o i i 2 Spencer, 2b 5 Hogan, c 5 o 2 on 20 McKune, c 4 Byrnes, 3b 3 i o o i i i Wilbur, 3b 5 Russell, 2b 3 o I o 2 2 2 D. Boettiger, ib. .5 Durfee, cf 4 o i o 3 i o Hamilton, cj 4 Wolters, rf 2 i o o o o o Morse, If .3 Sigwart, If 2 010200 O. Boettiger, rf..3 Boyle, p 3 o o o i o o Hughes, p 4 Kilburn ,p looooio Collins, rf i 000000 Totals 38 610 22715 5 Totals 32 3 7 I 27 10 5 RUNS AND HITS BY INNINGS 123456789 Santa Clara i i i o o o o o 0—3 Base Hits 2 i o o i i i o i — 7 Clabrough-Golchers.o 2 i o i o o o 2 — 6 Base Hits o 2 3 i i o i o i-io Summary — Sacrifice hits— Russell 2, Sigwart, Morse, O. Boettiger. Home runs — Hamilton. Two base hits — Duggan, Adams, Webber, Innings pitched in— Boyle 6, Kilburn 3. Hits— Off Boyle 8, Kilburn 2. Struck out— By Boyle 4, Kilburn 4, Hughes 4. First base on balls — Off Boyle i, Kilburn i, Hughes 6. Double Plays — Webber to Spencer, Durfee to Hogan. Earned runs — Santa Clara 3, Clabrough-Golchers, 3. L eft on bases — Santa Clara 11, Clabrough- Golchers 6. First base on errors — Santa Clara 4, Clabrough-Golchers 4. Um- pire — J. Doyle. Scorer — Shepherd. Time of game — 2 hours and 15 minutes. Monterey 3, Santa Clara 4 On February iSth, Wolters further endeared himself to our hearts, by pitching phenomenal ball against the strong regimental team at Monterey. Only one hit was scored off his delivery and to this fact we owe our victory. Charlie Byrnes played a remark- ab le game at third base, covering ground in true championship form. At the bat Collins and Duggan figured conspicuously, each getting two vicious drives at opportune times. Bankston, the army pitcher, did all that one man could do to win his game, mak- ing the only hit, scoring two of the runs, striking our eight and walking one. Under such conditions it seemed almost criminal to deprive him of the game. The score: 324 THE RKDWOOD SANTA CIvARA REGIMENTALS AB R BH SB PO A E AB R BH SB PO A E Feeney, 2b 4 o i i i 3 o Thorpe, ' 2b 4 000330 Duggan, ss 4 2 2 i o 2 i Sullivan, ss 4 o o o i 2 o Collins, c 4021040 Bankston, p .3210040 Byrnes, 3b 4 o o o i 3 o Kroukle, If, 3b. . .3 i o o o i o Rnssell, If 4 o i o i o o Rolph, ib 3 o o o 13 i o Durfee, cf 4000000 Nadeau, cf 3 o o o i i o Shaffer, rf 3 i o o 2 o i Welch, rf 3 o o i i o o vSigwart, ib 3 o o o 11 i o Gillespie, 3b, lf..3 o o i i o i Wolters, p 3 I I o o 4 I Fernandez, ib...3 o o o 7 2 i Totals 33 4 7 3 26 173 Totals 30 3 i 2 27 14 2 Fernandez interfered with ball. RUNS AND HITS BY INNInGS 123456780 Santa Clara i o o o o o o 3 o — 4 Base hits 2 o o o o i o 3 i — 7 Regimentals o i o o o o 2 o o — 3 Base hits o o o o o o i o o — i Summary— Two-base hit — Duggan. Struck out — By Wolters 8, Bankston 7. First base on balls — Off Wolters 2, Bankston i. Passed balls — Collins i, Fernandez i. Left on bases — S. C. C. 3, Regimentals 2. Earned runs — S. C. C. 3, Regimentals 2. First base on errors — S. C. C. i, Regimentals 3. Time of game — 2 hours 15 minutes. Umpires — Maher and Leahy. Scorer — Shepherd. Basket Ball Santa Clara 9, AlamLeda 7 When it comes to real rough and tumble excitement basket ball, as it was played yesterday afternoon on the Santa Clara grid- iron by representatives of that institution and a team from the Ala- meda High School, has ever} other game beaten four ways. Two heart-breakingly fierce halves of 20 minutes failed to de- cide which team could claim superiority and not until an addition- al 20 minutes of fierce grueling had been undergone did a well- directed throw by Blow end the game and leave the Red and White on the long end of a 7-9 score. All in all it was a game well worth seeing, even though it was strength and endurance that predominated more than skill and team work. The visiting team was composed of short, wiry little players, the Santa Clara team for the most part of husky foot- THE REDWOOD 325 ball men. And because the latter were novices at the sport their smaller opponents in the early stages of the game outplayed them and scored the first few goals somewhat easily. But after that and throughout the second half, Blow, Magee, Schmitz, Murphy and Aguirre played the game for all they were worth and called up all the tricks and dodges learned in their foot- ball days. It was by actually wearing out the Alameda team that Santa Clara first tied and then went on and won. The lion ' s share of the victors ' glory belongs to Tom Blow, the husky right guard of the ' 04 football eleven. Captain Louis Ma- gee, the popular quarter-back of the same team, also shone con- spicuously throughout the game, and the defensive work of Schmitz was well nigh perfect. For the Bay City team Captain " Red " Hickston was the par- ticularly bright star; in fact he was a meteor, a comet or a torpedo boat, whichever you want, his auburn pate following the ball more closely than pitch sticks to a blanket. Hawkins at left guard and Smith, the right forward, also did some clever work and in fact, there was not a man on either team that was not thoroughly in the game from start to finish. This is the first exhibition of the sport in which Santa Clara has ever participated, but this victory has effectually placed the game on a firm basis. Games with Oakland, Watsonville, and Santa Cruz are pending and Manager John O. McElroy is confi- dent of the ability of his men to hold their own against any team in the state. The score: First half — Santa Clara, 3; Alameda 6. Second half — Santa Clara, 4; Alameda, i. Finals — Santa Clara, 2. Totals — Santa Clara, 9; Alameda, 7. The line-ups: Santa Clara — Forwards, Beaumont, Aguirre, Magee (captain); center, Blow; guards, Aguirre, Murphy, Schmitz. Alameda — Forwards, Hickston (captain), Smith; center, Armstrong; guards, Weller, Hawkins. Time of halves — 15 minutes. Goals thrown — Blow (3), Ma- 326 THE REDWOOD gee (2), Jackson (3), Baker (i). Officials — Referee. Seaton; um- pire, Carlos; timers, Durfee and McGraw; scorer, Belz. TracK The indefatigable McElroy and the similarly tireless " Pongo " Magee have at last succeeded in developing a goodly track team. In fact the cinder-path is undergoing a quiet boom. Two track meets are in sight and every evening white-clad figures flit around the quarter-mile circuit. As the prospects are at present we shall be strong in the sprints, weak in the jumps and hurdles and able to hold our own in the shot-put and hammer-throw. At the latter events, Tom Donlon is at work with Aguirre and Ena as working partners. McKay and Floyd Allen are the most promis- ing candidates for the long distance events. Blow and Magee are out for the hurdles, Magee, Beaumont and Young for the jumps, TuUock, Belz, Scally, Allen and Hayne for the 440 and 880, lycib- ert and Brazell for the 220 and Belz, Doherty and Magee for the sprints. It is whispered that Joseph Griffin is about to return to college and if the news be true, then track team prospects are for a banner year. Second Team Joseph Jefferson Kohlbecker, the Mike Fisher of Santa Clara College, is hard at work endeavoring to wrest title and players from the second team. The latter, by the way, is captained by Luke Feeney and managed by M. R. O ' Reilly. Assisted by the clever box work of J. Brown, the second team players very handily defeated our friends from the High School. However, the re- doubtable J. Jefferson Kohlbecker immediately signed articles with the second team twirler and also defeated the High School. So the deadlock still remains. GERAI.D Paui. Beaumont. THE REDWOOD 327 FIRST HONORS FOR JANUARY, 1905 BRANCHES SENIOK JUNIOR Philosophy of Religion J. Ivancovich, T. Leonard G. Beaumont, R. Fitzgerald, Ethics J. Riordan Mental Philosophy H. Budde Mathematics C. Russell H. de la Guardia Physics J. Riordan F. Lejeal, M. Carter rhf rnktrv ■! ' Fitzgerald, F. Lejeal, . . . . Chemistry ] F. de S. Ryan, M. Carter. . . . Political Economy J. Riordan G. Beaumont, F. de S. Ryan Advanced History J. McElroy {f S ' ' . SOPnOMOBE FR.ESHMAN Philosophy of Religion .M. O ' Toole R. O ' Connor Latin H, de la Guardia, M. O ' Toole. .R ' d. de la Guardia. Greek H. de la Guardia R ' d. de la Guardia English Precepts, Author, | pi .j es R. O ' Connor Literature and Composition .J • ' Mathematics T. Donlon C. Freine History and Geography C. Byrnes R. O ' Connor Elocution F. Sigwart L. Feeney 1st ACADEMIC 2nd ACADEMIC Christian Doctrine J. Zavalza E. Watson Latin H. Lyng A. Bunsow , Greek H. Lyng A. Ivancovich, P. Wilcox English Precepts, Author and I E.Watson Composition J Mathematics J. Zavalza L. Olivares , History and Geography J. Hilario A. Bunsow . , Civil Government A. Bunsow Flnrntion M Shafer - i ' - Watson, P. Wilcox Elocution M. btiater and H. Wormley Elementary Science J. Hilario W. Hirst 328 THE REDWOOD 3rd ACADEMIC 4lh ACADEMIC Christian Doctrine C. Dransfeld T. Lannon Latin F. McGrath - I. Macmanus Greek C. Brazell S ' sidor ' : ° ' " ' } C- D-nsfeM I. Macmanus Mathematics W. Sweeney A. Jacobson History and Geography C. Dransfeld W. Sweeney Civil Government J. B. Arias Elocution J. B. Arias A. Donovan Orthography .A. lunker 1st P5 E=ACADEMIC 2nd PBE=ACADEMIC Christian Doctrine F. Warren E. Ladner English Precepts, Anthor and I J, , E. Ladner Composition j Mathematics F. Manha J. Pereira History and Geography A. Arias E. Ladner Elocution F. Warren E. Ladner Orthography A. Arias, F. Bazet J. A. Ivancovich SPECIAL CLASSES 1st SPECIAL 2nd SPECIAL Latin T. Donlon M. Gallardo, J. Santos , Greek T. Donlon M. Shafer 1st Sj eeial English Composition H. Oswald 2d ' ' " J. Zavalza 3d " A. Bunsow, G. Boyle COMMERCIAL CLASSES Jst B0OK=KEEPmO 2nd BOOK.=KEEP3MG 3rd BOOK-KEEPING V. Durfee , J. Arias, Jr F. Chandler THE REDWOOD BAD EYES X«i W; g j -y :J That ' s what we are looking for. If you J have them ' consult " t T Manufactitring Opticians 56 S. First Street. ' Iv San Jose, Cal. Jacob Kberhard, Fres. and Manager John J. Ejberhard, Vice-Pres. and Ass ' t Manager Tanners, Curriers and Wool Pullers Harness-Ladigo and Lace Leather. Sole and Upper Leather, Calf, Kip and Sheepskins Kberhard ' s Shirting Leather and Bark Wooiskin Santa Clara, California Oeslers la Mm§Sf Boors and IPitidows Genera? MM Work Tel. North 401 SANTA CLARA, CAL- It ' s of a different style from regular lines and with us a specialty. That ' s why we have such a big trade amongst the students. Come and see Carmichael, Bailaris Co., Outfitters for all Mankind 55-61 South First Street SAN JOS:E THE REDWOOD E. URBAN I MERCHANT TAII OR m : The Students ' Specialist. 911 Maiu Street, Santa Clara. San Jose Transfer Co. Moves Everything That is I Oose Phone Main 78 Office — 62 East Santa Clara Street, San Jose A. S. BACON Is showing the Early Spring styles of Hanan 8c Son s ' ' Best on : arth ' » and the famous Fit-:Easy Shoes The Patent Donkey Skins are guaranteed not to break $3.50 and $4.00 74 and 76 South First Street, ----- San Jose Plant Now!!! Chas. C. Navlet Go ' s Choice Verbena Plants, assorted colors 15c per doz Choice Pansy Plants, assorted colors 20c per doz Choice Putumas Plants, assorted colors 25c per doz Choice Aster Plants, assorted colors 25c per doz Choice Cosmos Plants, assorted colors 25c per doz I Choice Chrysanthemum Plants, assorted colors. 50c per doz I Choice Carnation Plants, 35C per doz CHAS. 0. NAVLET CO. Corner San Fernando and First Streets San Jose, Cal. THE REDWOOD I n Business CraiMinfl | If you want a business education, attend a school ' 4 i whose teachers are experts in their particular line of work. The most practical and up-to-date methods of teaching are Gregg Shorthand and Ellis Book- wmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmiKm» AC mmmmmmmmmmmmm I San 3ose Business College I I Second and San Fernando $t$«t San Jose % The School that gets Results W. BOUCHER, Prin. I I I Announcement Estimates furnished on all classes of work, large or small. When you need 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4; 4 4; 4 4»4 4 i |; 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 - keeping. Call and talk the matter over with us. : % I % % . ■■ii.w.-w ■ ■■!■■ wiiiMiiii mil ■ I ■ Hi. m ■ ■■■m. f % J J ' THE NACE PRINTING COMPANY J ' % 3. WX ESIREvS to announce that they have just added a MIEHLE CYLINDER PRESS « £ H ■ to their already well equipped establishment in Santa Clara. The " Miehle " p3) 3f. mjf stands at the head of its class and the world over is recognized as the acme of |f £ perfection. fWe have also lately doubled our working space, which now covers an area of 2300 p3 square feet. You are respectfully requested to call and inspect our new quarters and up-to-date tf machinery. ,(n frvsiimaces lurnisnea on aii classes oi worK, large or smaii. wnen you neea « printing you need a PRINTER — we are " it. " Respectfully I NACE PRINTING COMPANY | J Phone Clay 574 Santa Clara, Cal. I • •fer " -yr " r ) " »i ' r i " r»i " r " r " r ' fi»! " ' l THE REDWOOD 1 T. F. SOURISSEAU nianufaduring Jewekr and l{epalring I « Badges and Class pins J1 Spccialtv • « 69% South First Street, ban Jose, Cal. ' Ig Highest Price Paid for Old Gold and Silver. Phone Blue 203 S ' m S I RELIABLE DRUGS fii Remove your Corns with Baker ' s Corn Cure which is guaranteed i BAKER ' S PHARMACY •K Rea Building Phone Jonn 331 117 West Santa Clara Street, San Jose JJ Phone Main 218 Hours, 2 to 4 p. m. I DR. GEO. W. SEIFERT g PHYSICIAN, SURGEON AND OCULIST Office and Residence — Letitia Building, 68 S. First Street. San Jose, Cal. JJ i FRED M. STER 40 Bast Santa Clara St., San Jose Suit Cases, Grips, Harness, Whips, Robes, Blankets and Saddles D. L. DESIMONE CO. I I £omtiii$$ioti mercbants Wholesale Dealers in FRUITS AND V:BG]eTABI,: S « Telephone White 131 1 80 to 82 N. Market Street, San Jose J; ROLL BROS. Real Estate and Insurance S Phone North 60 Santa Clara, Calif THE REDWOOD I CHAS. A. BOTHWELL I WATCHES AND JEWEI RY J| % Ig Repairing at Right Prices % Old Gold Taken in Exchange 112 vSouth First Street, San Jose ) « 5 . I «♦ Peirano $ Sons i I 71, 73, 75 NORTH MARKET STR: BT, SAN JOSE, CAI,. ' | « )« I Wholesale f Flour, Grain, Feed, Potatoes, Onions, Beans, Etc. 1 Sole Agents for I Port Costa Flotir Mills | 1 Port Costa Flour has absolutely no equal. K ■ % t " To Get a Good. Pen Knife !l ( J ' •5 GET Jk H 1K5 KCX1«LIC Guaranteed to be as it ought to be. If it should not prove to be that ) |i3 we will be glad to exchange with you until you have one that is. ? % MANICUR: TOOlvS, RA2?0RS S Guaranteed the same way. If you wish to shave easily, and in a hurry, get a Getn Safety Razoir. hS, The greatest convenience for the man who shaves himself. ) « » I THE JOHN stock: SONS, | J TaMKiers, Btoofers ana lE»Siisiat5er.s Phone Main 76 71-77 South First Street, " San Jose, Cal. |, % , . - ) I I.RUTH I I Groceries and delicacies | ) Franklin Street, - - Santa Clara Cal. jj. i THEATRE JOSE I 1 HOMB OF POIylTI VAUDBVII Iy] » { 60-68 South Second Street, . - - . Sau Jose I Catering to Eadks attd ChiMren | ONE MATINEE every afternoon. Doors open 2:30. Admission loc to an} ' part ' " % of the house; children under 12 years 5c, except Sundays. Two matinees Sundays, - J 2:30 and 3:30 p, m. Evening performances 7:45 and 9:15 sharp. Admission, orchestra 5 % circle, 20c; balance lower floor and entire balcony loc. 1 The redwood I i H. E. WILCOX D. M. BURNETT | i ATTORNEYS AT LAW i U Rooms 19 and 20, Safe Deposit Building San Jose, Cal. (SI S i i A. Zellerbach Sons i Importers and DeaSers in Paper, Twines and Cordage Telephone, Private Exchange 14 416-426 Sansome Street, San Francisco F. A. ALDERMAN STATIONERY, BI,ANK BOOKS, ETC. CIGARS AND TOBACCO All Kinds of Fountain Pens Next to Postoffice Baseball and Sporting Goods Santa Clara MANUEL MELLO Dealer in All Kinds of Boots and Shoes Telephone Clay 544 1084 Franklin Street, Pierce Block, Santa Clara ydlarid Vpt StoPQ F iotupos ar|d IPietupo Pranqiqq Opposite Postoffiee, Sar(ta Qlara . Leiizeo Son Co. i Paints, Wall Paper, Window Shades g i Picture Frames, Etc. i m Papering, Painting and Decorating onr Specialty i 56 and 58 West San Fernando Street San Jose, Cal. ( THE rf:dwood j Painless iJSxtraction Charges Reasonable [ I nm. M. 0. F. MENT« N i i Telephone Grant 373 % Office Hours— 9 a. ni. to 5 p. m. Rooms 3, 4, 5, 6. 7, 8 Bank Building, over Postoffice flV? j,g Most Modern Appliances Santa Clara, Cai. ly I ., I ® I I ioldstein % go. Incorporafed iiSliiHSSBliESS ISiaBMSH I Costumers, Decorators and | I Theatrical Supplies % I 1 733 Market Street, opposite Grant Avenue, San Francisco Telephone Main 1615 |f % I d I I €l e Eargest an Most goiti lete gostiinie | i H iise ©n file goast | I! % j| Official Costumers for all Theaters in San Francisco, I os Angeles, 1 M Seattle and Portland, also Furnishers for Santa Clara Passion Play, i Bohemian Club Open Air Festivals and Floral Carnivals on the Pacific M i Coast. i i % % I Established 1881 Telephone Main 34 |f I RALEY COMPANY | D GBNBRAL COPIMISSION MERCHANTS % i H Headquarters for Bananas I ■ D 84-90 N. Market Street, San Jose, Cal. || i g I " -■- " ' J. H. SULLIVAN i I PLUSVlBl iSG, GAS FITTING AND TINNING | Repairing Promptly Attended to 70 East Santa Clara Street, San Jose (S| I atest Double Gear Samson Windmill Res —N. E. Corner St. John and Third Sts. Iv % I THE REDWOOD . Groceries and Provisions _. .. ... . . .-... ..-. . V Teas. Coffees, Flour Tiuware, Agateware gi Feed, Potatoes Glassware, L,ainps, Crockery A „ Fancy Canned Goods Wood and Willowware Santa Clara. J- ' i - ack, proprietor | Gtikrprm Laundry Co. First Class Work Phone Grant 96 867 SS ermas? Street, %mU Clara © © ® ' ; Duck Motor Cycles Bic cles, New or Second Hand Expert Guaranteed Repair Work All Kinds of Sundries and Supplies go to W. F. BHACHl R, 1000 Franklin Street, Santa Clara OMKBL»KKHKM ' S PHARMACY Eastman ' s Kodaks and Supplies 1038 Franklin Street, Santa Clara Telephone Grant 471 THK REDWOOD V Office Hours — 9 a. 111. to 12 m. and i to 5 p. m. 3 ' DR. T. M. CAPvMICHAEL 9 St. Luis Building 3 BINGHAM BANTA COI UMBIA BICYCI.] AGBNCY Cyclers to the People 174 South Second Street, San Jose. 3 Our Free Delivery is at your Service Phone John 34 ii and We ' ll Come 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Phone White 961 V 3 3 DENTIST % 115 vSouth First Street, vSan Jose, Cal. 3 3 3 3 3 C 3 3 3 Yoiieg Men ' s Ftiraisliiegs And the New Fall Styles ii ileckmear, iyoskrp and cms I ' g Mtfi ' s Suits Now on P xhibition at lid flats Sas ta € ara, € aL 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 BATHS I.AI7NDRY OFFICB THE OAK SHAVING PARLORS J. D. BI,I,IS, Propiietor Barber to the € 0lleg« 1125 Franklln street, next to O ' Brien ' s. Santa Calra MILLARD BROS. Books, Stationery and Fountain Pens 25-27 West Santa Clara Street San Jose, Cal. ij I i I THE REDWOOD Tell Eastern Friends of the low rates which will be made to $50.00 from NEW YORK $33.00 from CHICAaO $32. 00 from ST. PAUL $25.00 from KANSAS CITY I I i! California . I March 1 to May 15. 1905 I I Similar rates from other points. Deposit cost of ticket with agent here, and ticket will be furnished passenger in the East. Tell your friends j| that now ' s the time to come cheaply if they buy their tickets via Southern Pacific ASK FOR PARTICULARS i i PAUL SHOUP, D. F. and P. A., i6 S. First St., San Jose, Cal. THE REDWOOD Jit Spriiid ' s I Smart Clothes i Good Dresser I Suits Co Order We announce the arrival of our new Fall Suits and Overcoats. We have paid particular attention to the wants of the College Student. Sole Jlsents for B S m Ready to W ar lothmQ Spring ' s San Olose 0al. Pop ©aridlQS Th at ©arjqot be H;c©elled Oi l SANTA CI AK-A Delivered m Sauta Clara aud All Parts of Sau Jose. r THE REDWOOD Kmmdf Dmg Company Drugs Delivered to any part of the City Free. Telephone, Main 221 Porter Building, vSan Jose, Cal. CnsmtSh vInq Parlors 978 Main Street, opposite Postoffice J. D. TRUAX, Prop. SANTA CLARA, CAL. % % THE BAYWOO THE BITNGAI OW SAN MATBO, CAI,. (Property of JOHN PARROTT, ESQ) Devoted Exclusively to the Breeding and Training of High Stepping Hackney- Bred arness Horses WAIvTER S AI Y, Manager. J.J. Devink B. J. DOUGHERTY th Bmne ' Bcugb rf rocer Co, rcsh Gqqs isnd Butter a Specialti ■•. .•e«»»9. a .e»0 " «»a " (ii..«..o»« " Satisfaction guaranteed and patronage solicited Lowest prices 52 Post Street, San Jose Phone Blue 201 J. Q. ROBINSON PHARMACIST Pierce Block Santa Clara, Cal. I % . ) I I % THK REDWOOD FOSS HICKS Co . No. 45 West Santa Clara Street SAN JOSE. R eaJ[_Estate _J_oa n s Investments A select and up-to-date list of just such properties as the Home- Seeker and Investor wants. INSURANCE — Fi Sj Life, and Accident in the best Companies The Fullest Information Regarding All Lines of Business. Osborne Hall Santa Clara Cal. Cottage System A private Sanatorium for the care and training of children suffering from Nervous Disorder or Arrested Mental Development. Under the personal management of " Antrim Edgar Osborne M. D., Ph. D. Formerly and for 15 years Superintendent of the California State Institution for the Feeble Minded, etc. 5 Accomodations in seperate cottages for a few adults cases seeking Rest Cure and treatment for drug addictions. J Rates and particulars on application. A n jf r Jf n n f iMf r5 na » )M% TMf% » THE REDWOOD i ' It Didn ' t Hurt a Bit " •••.i».i ..».r«»»..«..a..aM»««M«»». «. u«. Chicago Dental Parlors W. ] . P:eRR:i N, D. D. S., Proprietor Bstablished for lo Years Hours 8 a. m. to 6 p. m. Sundays — 9 a. in. to 12 in. 28 W. San Fernando St., San Jose, Cal. Telephone Black 471 F,stablished 1875 Phoue We.st 462 GEO. W. RYDER SON j: W] I :eRS AND SII VERSMITHS The most extensive and complete stock of NEW Fine Goods. 8 South First Street, Safe Deposit Building, San Jose, Cal. C THAT i M40SE,CM. IS IN U ' R HAT Auesst for tlie Celetorstted XiLnox Hat Telephone Black 393 T. MUSGRAVE CO. Watchmakers and MatJiifacturing Jewelers 2995 Sixteeutb Street, San Francisco Chalices and Cilboriums made or repaired Class PinSj Medals and Sodality Pins made to order. Designs Furnished Seaside vStore, Santa Cruz S. I.EASK Santa Clara and L,os Gatos CROSBY I,EASK 276 Church Street N. Y. OFFICE Crosby Leask Dry Goods and Men ' s We a r • •••••••••• ' ••• •••••.•• ••••••.• " •»••••••••••••«..•..•..«, .«r ■•••••■••• .•• • .•..«•••• ' ••••••••••••••••••••.t . a»«. «u»u«nCnC»«Ha THE REDWOOD I I i I i GrAI LAGMER BROS. 27 Grant Avenue San Francisco, Cal. T. W. HOBSON CO. Grand Creditor ' s Sale is attracting imineusely. We must raise lots of cash and our prices are doing it. If any male member of your family needs anything in the cloth- ing line now ' s the time. We invite the attention of all mothers to inspect our Boys ' and Children ' s Department. Prices cut in half on all Sailor and Blouse suits. Startling reductions on every garment. Cold weather is coming on. Better lay in a supply of clothing while this wonderful sale is in progress. T. W. HOBSON CO. AT THB BUSY C0IIN: R First and Post Street, San Jose, Cal. JJevt- and Kleftant F»arlors lete uipeel Rates to StucJes tiS anel Societies ahume ' w p hill, We make a SPECIALTY of getting our work out PROMPTLY, and it is all finished here. Take the elevator at the Doug-herty Building. No. 85 South Second Street. Old PhdtOS Copied Picture Framing | Of E erv Description i .• a «w«..«.. »«..e .Hi .»««» «u«..«.. »»..9M«- u«_ THE REDWOOD AGKNTS- James A. Bannister Company f Geo. G. Snow Co. 5 Ho-Ka $3.50 Shoe HOFF KAYSER POPULAR PRICE SHOES 95 South First Street - ... - San Jose Phone, John 1231 COFFEE ROASTERS TEA IMPORTERS WM. McCarthy co. COFFEE Teas and Spices } 373 W. Santa Clara Street SAN JOSE, CAL. INSURANCE i KATJO Santa Clara A. F. KILLAM, Manager W. H. KILLAM, Secretary Kilkm Tumitunt Co. A Incorporated f Telephones: Store Grant 575 onfa Ploro Pcj1 A Res. Grant 504 Oailtcl V iciraj y di. ■ L. HESS DYE WORKS :e. W. KOBBB, Manager Cleaning, Dyeing, Pressing Dry Cleaning, Etc. Works, 347 . San Fernando St. SAN JOSE), Cal. Office, 89 W. Santa Clara Street O ' CONNOR SANITARIUM { coNDucTED BY SISTERS OK CHARITY f Training School for Nurses In Connection i Race and San Carlos Streets SAN JOSE, CAI. THE REDWOOD C. F. Swift, President l,eroy Hough, Vice President and Treasurer W, D. Dennett Secretary Directors— C. F. Swift, I,eroy Hough, Henry J. Crocker, W. D. Dennett and Jesse W. I ilienthal CAPITAI, PAID IN $760,000.00 Cable Address STBFAST, San Francisco Codes A I. A B. C. 4th Edition Western Weat Company Pork Packers and Shippers of Dressed Beeit llluttoti and Pork Monarch and Golden Gate Brands Canned Meats, Bacon, Hams and Lard Hides, Pelts Tallow, Fertilizer, Bones, Hoofs, Horn, Etc. Packing House and Stock Yards Distributing Houses Sputh San Francisco, San Mateo Co., Cal. San Francisco, Oakland, San Jose, Sacramento i GBNBRAI, OFFICE: Sixth and Townsend St., San Francisco nelson ' s Studio ' - - - ' ' ' " ' Newest I ine in Photography and Amateur ' s Supplies Phone Clay 421 1193 Franklin Street, Santa Clara PAINI,BSS DENTISTRY Moderate Charge Guaranteed Work Prices — Gold Crowns, Porcelain Crowns, Bridge work, Set of Teeth, $5. Gold Fillings, $1.00 up. i Painless Extraction, 50c. A ' %feL STERUNG BENTAl CO.. 26 S. First Street fs, A Phone East 302 (German Spoken) DR. MAX WASSMAN, Mgr. T THE REDWOOD iiiimii!inni[iiiiinmiiinniniiiiiiniiiMiiiiiinmiiinnniinninmniiiiiiiniiiiiiiminnignininiii!inininiii9i]ii S Organs and Small Instruments S Sheet Music Talking Machines, Phonographs and Records S Piano Players — I C. S. ENGLE I HIGH GRAPE PIANOS = S6, 58, 60 USast Santa Clara Street, San Jose, Cal. E Over twenty years ' experience with leading Manufacturers. Ten years with Steinway Sons, New York. S S Kxpert Tuning and Repairing a Specialty. Satisfaction Guaranteed. Telephone James iiqi Eyes Itch, Blur, Smart or Burn? | georg: mayeri E s eyewater | Clears misty or blurring eyes, strengthens weak eyes, cures painful, itching, dis- E charging, injured, twitching or sore eyes or eyelids and floating spots, feeling like sand E in eyes; rests tired eyes. At reliable druggists or direct from George Mayerle. E German Expert Optician. 1071 Market street, San Francisco. 50c; by mail 65c. E Money order. No stamps. E George Mayerle ' s Antiseptic Eyeglass Wipers give clear vision. Two for 25c. E GEORGE MAYERLE German Expert Optician i 1071% Market Street, San Francisco. Phone SoutH 572 I I atest Styles in SHOKS and Gent ' s Furnishing s at HILSON ' S = Prices always lower than San Ho-Zay— Quality never 10S4 Franklin Street, Santa Clara E S PO RTI N G GOODS Baseball Supplies Athletic Suits and Uniforms 3o MARKET I Factory — 34 Second St. E San Francisco I nitiiiiuninnniiiiiiMiiiniiiniMiiiiniiiiiuniiniinieniiUMiiiniiiinimniiinniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinniiiiiiiiiinninnniiiiin THE REDWOOD diiiiiiiniiininiiniinniinHinssHnauiniiniHiiMniiHUinniinininiiiiMiiiiniinsntinniinniiiniiiiiiiiHiniusniin = We ' ve picked out a larger nest at = I 22 POST STREET | = right next door. The moment we ' ve settled we ' ll = S hatch some further stunts in = I Good Underwear | I Natty 1905 Bathing Suits | I Knitted Waists, Jerseys, Sweaters | I anl R amtvar " " ' Rcduccd Prlccs OH All Goods I i yClij t l i ' £? 20 POST below KEARNIT | I " Jtlatterti G ® ' ' ' fhanosco, cai. j )l,t We Make a Specialty -OF- Boy ' s and Youth ' s Clothes | The entire second floor of our Palatial new = store is heavily stocked with a peerless line of = YouDg Men ' s College Suits and Top Coats for = Spring wear, cut in the same swell models as = our Men ' s Clothes and priced at lower figures = than ever named for like high class goods. = OUR SHOE AND FURNISHING DEPART- | MENTS — You ' ll find headquarters for the best = class of goods ever placed on sale in this city. = It wiU Pay You to ' Get to Know Us " I I J. J, oiLDL-.A UO. I I 1028-1030 l arfiet St., feetwce? PovvelS mA Mason Sts., San Francisco, Cal. | iiU!inuii!HunKSiHiii3ii!ninniitinHiUin!n2!Hyuiuasin(ss!sr»n}snuiiu:n!iHnsniniU!n!tnuriniinnHiMiii9n{HiiiMi THE REDWOOD The Geo. Denne Co. Hrt Supplies Picture Framing Second and San Fernando Streets San Jose, Cal. O ' BRIEN SPOTORNO WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN I Poultry and Game, Butter, Cheese and Eggs STALLS 3, 4, 5, 6, 37, 38 and 39 CALIfORNlA IVIARKET Califomia Street Entrance. San Francisco, Cal. D. QUILTY BSTABI ISHBD 1871 The Prince of Tailors ® Full and Complete Wne of Woolens of the I atest Patterns Always on Hand STUDKNTS!! If you wish to rank among the well dressed drop in 48 South first Street San Jose, California | THE REDWOOD »)®®®®®(SXs) SXi®®(2X$)®®®®® ROOS BROS. The Man ' s Store From the Cradle to the Grave 25-37 Kearny Street San Francisco FINE CARPETING ELEGANT UPHOLSTERY RICH FURNITURE Sole Agents John Crossley 8c Sons celebrated ] nglisli Carpets IMPORTERS AND MANUFACTURERS CHAS. M. PLUM CO. UPHOI STERING CO. 1301-1307 Market Street, Corner Ninth San Francisco Sa-qta (Slapa, Valloi:] j ill ar d Lurribop ©o. SAN JOSE, CAL. ]c)QalQrs ir| F odWood aqd Opogoq ¥ G Lur]qbop. f .ll I iqds of T lill WopI . Wiqo ar d Watep Tarjl cS a Sp eialti:) SAN JOSE OFFICE: SAN FRANCISCO OFFICE: 125 E. San Fernando St. Phone Main 17 802 Mutual Bank Bldg. Phone Main 845 ®®®®®®(g(S)(sXs)®®®( Oaufcnio The FtowKR and the Prisoner (Poem) - - . K., ' 08 329 MARCEI.I.O: The lyAST OF THE SanTA C1.ARA INDIANS D. C, ' 08 330 The Poets ' Nine (Poem) - - - Ivo G. Bogan, ' 08 334 The FUI.FII.1.MENT - - - - Fred f, Sigwart, ' oy 341 The Wind (Poem) - - Richard H. De La Guardia, ' 08 347 Morning (Poem) - - - - Eugeiie Ivancovich, ' 08 347 Emil H. E. B. 348 A Muse on Nature - - Robert Murphy, jrd Acad. 352 EditoriaIv — The New Santa Clara College - . . . An Ambiguous Statement 355 In the Midst of Life 356 The Aeroplane, " Santa Clara " 357 C0L1.EGE Notes 358 Aui,D lyANG Syne - - - - 364 Exchanges - - 368 Atheetics 370 Nace Printing Co. yNToN ' T " -ABEL Santa Clai ' a, Cal. Photo by Hill Officers of the Baseball Season for 1905. Knigred D c. S, 7902, ai Sanla Clara, Calif, as second-class matter, under Act of Congress of March j, iSjg. Vol. IV. vSANTA CLARA, CAL., APRIL, 1905- No. 7 THE FLOWER AND THE PRISONER Between two flag-stones bare and cold, From prison earth, from prison mold, A tender plant sprang np to sight, The lonely captive ' s sole delight. Beside the bastion ' s lowering wall, The captive dropped that seedling small; And now his heart each leaflet cheers, Although ' tis watered with his tears. O my sweet Master! Thou dost dwell Love ' s prisoner within a cell! Though years roll on, though men forget, In patient hope Thou waitest 3 et. Sweet Captive! from this very hour O let me be the prisoner ' s flower; No other lot in life so sweet As living, dying at Thy feet. J. K. ' 08. 330 THE REDWOOD MARCELLO. THE LAST OF THE SANTA CLARA INDIANS About twenty years ago a familiar figure around the garden and walks of Santa Clara College was that of a very old Indian, who though retaining much of the red-man in his character and manners, yet seemed to be as much at home at the College as one of its historic palm trees. Though an interesting figure in himself, he was doubly so by the associations which clung around him. For Marcello had been a famous chief of the Santa Clara Valley Indians and was then for many years the sole survivor of that once numerous tribe. The details I have been able to gather about this " last scion of an extinct race " are very meager and I should hardly venture to offer them did they not concern a character so noteworthy. Just how old Marcello was, no one knew. It was however pretty certain that he had passed the century mark, for he recalled the early days of the Franciscan Fathers. He had as a young boy stared with wondering eyes at the erection of the second Mis- sion Church. Greatly as he was impressed by what was to him a magnificent temple, it appears that he was in no wise attracted to the worship within it. He grew up a wild young Indian, a splen- didly built, strapping fellow, full of life and spirits. As he in- creased into the prime of manhood, he developed extraordinary physical strength, an attribute that naturally won him the highest consideration among his fellow -children of nature. How was such a high-spirited, unconquered brave to submit to the meek pale- face, and to bend a docile knee at the altar? The thing was im- possible; the very mention of it was an insult. However to efi ect difficult ends, God often uses the simplest means, and a very sim- ple means it was that wrought Marcello ' s conversion. Father Viader, who was Superior of Santa Clara Mission in the early twenties, was a man of immense muscular powers. He was a Catalonian, strong and brawny as was his countryman, Father Ugarte of Lower California fame. Marcello heard of him, and like a true warrior, rejoiced at finding a foeman worthy of his THE REDWOOD 331 steel. Nothing would do but to have a trial of strength with the foreigner, and accordingly he repaired to Father Viader, and with- out any formal introductory remarks, seized him and proceeded to measure the ground with him. The Father was, of course, some- what taken aback, but seeing the necessity of defending himself, and probably divining the motive of the assault, he rose to the oc- casion and resisted vigorously. Long and valiantly they twisted and squirmed and tussled— the blanketed Indian and the brown- robed Franciscan, — but at last Marcello was thrown down. He was beaten and he acknowledged it. He surrendered body and soul, and declared himself desirous of becoming a Christian. The worldly-wise may sneer, but God ' s ways are not our ways; Marcello was truly converted and lived as a most pious Catholic for the rest of his days. So religious indeed he became that eventually he came to be regarded as a sort of spiritual father among his brethern. He was a kind, prudent counselor of the erring and the weak, while on the other hand he was the terror of evil-doers. He acted as peace- maker in the various petty feuds that arose among the Indians, and when gentle measures were inadequate for his purpose, he was not slow to have recourse to sterner methods. If everything else failed, the last resort was to compel the recalcitrants to appear before the Padres, who invariably managed to pour oil on the troubled waters. This conduct on the part of Marcello naturally endeared him to the Franciscans, who showed him every kindness in their power. They trusted him implicitly. He had the entire freedom of their house and garden, whenever he chose to take advantage of it, and he thus came to have a great personal interest and a feel- ing almost of ownership in the mission property. When in 1847 Stevenson ' s regiment encamped on the present " vineyard " in the College grounds, and converted the Church tower into a Sentry Station, no one resented the intrusion as much as old Marcello. His wrath, however, did not vent itself further than menacing the whole regiment with clenched fists, and upbraiding them in Span- ish, to their great amusement. All of Marcello ' s life was spent within the Mission limits, with the exception of one solitary visit to San Francisco in 1871 on the 332 THE REDWOOD occasion of the Silver Jubilee of Pius IX. As Pius v as the first Pope to see " the years of Peter, " the event was celebrated by- extraordinary rejoicings throughout all Christendom. In San Francisco the celebration took the form of a monster procession, and to Marcello, as an Aborigine Chief, was given a prominent place therein. During his last years he lived at the Fenton Farm, but he was ever most assiduous in visiting the Church and College, where he was as much welcomed by the Jesuits as he had been before by the Franciscans. His approach was easily detected. He would come along, his once powerful six-foot frame still erect under its ten decades of j ears, a large staff in one hand and his rosary in the other. His prayers he always recited aloud. Hence when the congregation at Mass heard heavy shuffling steps coming up aisle to the accompaniment of a deep prayerful voice, punctuated with the thud of a stick, and interrupted now and then by a very strentorian cough, all knew without further testimony that Mar- cello had arrived. He frequently spent several days at a time at the College, though he would never accept the offer of a room or bed. He al- ways slept in his blanket in the open air, on the veranda or under a tree. Once he was found reposing in the back yard, shortly be- fore the watch dogs were scheduled to appear on the scene. Warned of his danger, he yet stubbornly refused to move, on the plea that the dogs could not kill his soul. Remonstronce was for sometime useless, but at length an ominous howling in the vicin- ity speedily persuaded him that even the body was not to be ne- glected, and he betook himself to less uncanny quarters. Respected as Marcello vv as for his age and virtues, it must be confessed that the thoughtless youth of Santa Clara town were a little inclined to amuse themselves at his expense. A very strange habit of his was that of reserving the mending of his clothes — a work he preferred to do himself — for Sunday, and for the most public spot he could find. Often on Sunday afternoon he might be seen squatting under the Mission Cross in front of the Church, sewing with stitches of all sizes, various pieces of cloth, with a stolid utilitarian disrespect for harmony of colors. As he was thus engaged, a crowd of urchins would gather around him, but he THE REDWOOD 333 little minded their undisguised delight at the performance; it was only when they strove to persuade him such Sunday work was sinful, that he was aroused. Then he would wax wroth, and tak- ing his stick in hand, would chase the tantalizing scrupulists down the street. He died in 1889 — peacefully and hopefully as he had lived. He was buried, not behind the Boys ' chapel, where lie the bones of so many of his tribe, but in the beautiful cemetary of Santa Clara Parish. He had lived to see many and to him tragic changes come over his native valley. At the time of his birth it was cov- ered with oaks and brushwood; at his death the brushwood had been supplanted by the vine and the fruit tree, and the Valley of the Oaks had been transformed into the far-famed Valley of Santa Clara: he was born under the dominion of Spain, he was next a subject of Mexico, and he died after having given allegiance for forty years to the Stars and Stripes; in his youth he tracked the deer and the bear through the forests, or he led the sacred and martial dances in the shade of the groves amidst the enthusiasm of hundreds of painted and feathered warriors; in his age he was the remnant of that once gay throng, and when the earth had closed over his remains, the Santa Clara Indians had disappeared forever from the midst of the ways of men. D. C. ' 08. 334 Tun REDWOOD THE POETS ' NINE Zenn SCitf who couldnH hit a ball. ' Strike, strike, strike, " — O the umpire ' s voice was free! But I would that I had not muttered Some thoughts that arose in me. O well for the man that can batj When he steps to the plate with a stick! well for the man that can run, When he drives the ball far with a lick. And the stately players go back To the bench by the side of the wall; But O for a grip on a hickory limb And a swat at another ball ! ' Strike, strike, strike, ' ' And the umpire ' s call was free! But a chance to hit at the ball that it passed Will never come back to me. WofAsworti) who tells how he ivas hit, 1 held the bat within my hand, The bat was made of wood, And at a square I took my stand And did the best I could. One strike, " the head man to me said, I could not make reply. For swift a ball came past my head, — Another passed me by. THE REDWOOD 335 ' Wake up, old chap! Get in and play! ' The voice was full and free, " He ' s easy! Everything your way! " — The ball came straight at me. What happened next I can ' t explain I do not now recall, — But in my tenderest rib — a pain, — Near by me was a ball. The ball had hit me in the side. And O, its fearful pace! " Dead ball, " was what the head man cried, " You ' re hit — go take a base. " BpWii, who couldnH run to first. At length I came up like a king to the bat, For my suit was of red and of blue was my hat; And the sheen of my trimmings was bright to behold. As I stood like a leaguer, defiant and bold. Like a windmill of Holland the pitcher wound up. Like a bolt from the heavens the ball passed the cup. Like a giant I swung till I turned clean around. And fell in a heap on the dust-covered ground. Straight I picked myself up, and the next ball that came I hit it a swat, — even though I was lame: " A hit! " they all shouted and " Run Byron! Run! " And I started as though I ' d been shot from a gun. But alas! my old, game leg gave out on me then, And I ran ' bout as fast as a mud-covered hen; The ball it was thrown, and it beat to the sack. While I, poor unfortunate, had to turn back. 336 THE REDWOOD Wbittnun, who disputed the umpire s decision. Aliens! the long, white line leads to the plate. I did not know that I had such speed in me. Here is realization. I am a tallied man — let me get a few draughts of space. Out! Rules! I know them all! The} may be all right somewhere else, but Jit is clear — from the essence of things — not here under the spacious clouds, among the herbs of the morning. A run of course, you bat-eyed cadaver! Don ' t talk to me with those turning e eballs! It is useless to protest, the base that was gained cannot be countermanded. Allons, Camerados! Take my hand. — J OSSCtti, who caught without a mask. Never handsome any more! Aye, roll the bandage o ' er and o er; Aslant my face the crimson gore Is wandering as ne ' er heretofore; And Oh my eyes they are so sore. I see not as I saw of yore. No, no more. Never handsome anymore! I never played a game before. That I played once I now deplore; Baseball is but a sorry lore. JBLaise the window — shut the door. Do the stars shine as before? Shall I behold them as of yore? No, no, no more. THE REDWOOD 337 C0iigMl0W, who made a home run. The balls were coming quick and fast, I scarce could see them as they passed, But every ball that came my way Low whispering, softly seemed to say, Your Whiskers. My knees were shaky as could be, My manner strained, and far from free,— Still like a silver clarion rung The echoes of an unknown tongue, Your Whiskers. " Give him the out! " the catcher said, The ' out ' passed near my trembling head, And passing left no margin wide, But in my ear its voice still cried, Your Whiskers. The catcher signaled ' try the in! ' — I felt a jar upon my chin; The ball had lodged within my brush, And now that voice I could not hush. Your Whiskers. From base to base I quickly hied, ' Stay! stay! " methought the umpire cried, Each base-man fell as I passed by And shrieked aloud the ceaseless cry, Your Whiskers. They bore me from the dusty field To lay me on my feather shield. And when I asked who won the game, They blended softly with my name — Your Whiskers. 338 THE REDWOOD Woote, who was disgusted with himself, OH! call not my name, let me sleep in the shade, For I ' m sorely ashamed of the errors I made; Full many and big are the tears that I ' ve shed, And my longing for honors forever is fled. You may tell me that after the game I may weep, And get me to bed, to forget all in sleep; But the tears that I shed now in secret must roll. While the thoughts of my errors are green in my soul. Pi)e, who couldnH hit high balls. Hear the music of the balls, Leathern balls! What a world of sad sensations now their melody recalls! As they float upon their way, Through the balmy air of day, So oblique, How they shriek! Rising higher, higher, higher. With a sort of mad desire By their moaning. And their groaning. To arouse my muflled ire: While the bleachers yell and roar. And abuses they outpour, As I fan At the pan In a last and fierce endeavor Now — now to hit or never At the balls. THE REDWOOD 339 At the rising and the sinking, At the blinking and the winking Of the balls, Of the balls, balls, balls, balls, Balls, balls, balls, At the roaring and the soaring of the balls. E€Pii who admired Tennyson " s batting. Have ye heard the fate of our Tinny, Machree? With his manner so aisy and free, Machree? On his hands shnre he sphat As he stipped to the bat, And winked at the byes and at me, Do ye see! Jist as shyly as shyly conld be. He yilled to the min to come in, Maginn ! As he shlightly elated his chin Maginn ! For he was the bye Who could hit out a fly. An ' shtrip the ball aisy as sin. To the skin, Shure he was the laguer to win. The game wasn ' t anything new, Aboo! He knowed jist the right thing to do, Aboo! 340 THE REDWOOD But the shtick was no wand, And lie gracefully fanned While the pitcher curved in quite a few Weira sthru! An thim jist as bad as he knew. Och ! the fire shot out of his eye, Me bye! An ' his spache was outrageously high. Me bye! As the ball past him flew, And the umpire called " two, " But divil a whisper shpaked I, And the why? Me whistle with whispering was dry. But he fanned to the pitcher ' s own tune, Aroon! AM ' twas well that he shtruck out so soon, Aroon! For he looked like an axe, And his fatures of wax Were as pale as the light of the moon. The ould coon ! Tho ' we played on a warm afternoon. So ye ' ve heard of the fate of our Tinny, Machree ! With his manner so aisy and free, Machree! On his hands shure he sphat As he stipped to the bat, And winked at the byes and at me. Do ye see! Jist as shyly as shyly could be. Ivo G. BOGAN, ' 08. " f f - " Zr ' MICHAEL R, OUCILLY JOHN H. RtORDAN. ki: ■ i JOHN J l iANCO -1CM 5 SS 5» « - %K% . ' » Photo by Hill Debating Team of The Philalethic Senate Negative Ryf.and Medal Debate THE REDWOOD 341 THE rULFILLMENT " Except for an occasional wisp of wind, which sent the leaves rustling against the old torn cabin, all was quiet on the prairie. The sun, on its downward tour sent warm rays across the sandy plain, making the atmosphere dry and unpleasant. The silence remained death-like until shortly after sunset when the yelping of dogs broke it as they tore across the broad stretch of level, and halted at the door of the cabin. They were followed by their master on horse-back, who jumped from his saddle as he reached the spot where the dogs had thrown themselves. He was a man of magnificently developed muscles, and as he stood petting his horse with loving care, he was easily six feet in height, with shoulders, arms and lower limbs in proportion. His face was noble, with high forehead, finely chiselled nose, and a firm mouth which bespoke unflinching determination. His eyes had that strong piercing look so common to the Indian, — for such he was. He drew the saddle from the animal ' s back and laid it against the door-post, and then he laid his cheek against the dumb beast ' s jaw, and spoke to him in low, soft tones: " So, old boy, you saved me again. Those blood-thirsty Kiowas would have had me sure, but for your nimbleness of foot. " The horse threw back his fine head and there was a gleam in his eyes, as much as to say: I have a true friend in you, my master, and no enemy will ever harm you if I can prevent him. " Metan Akva (Lightning Knife) spoke again and the horse trotted off alone to an almost dry spring, and the Indian turned towards the cabin. As he stood there in the open door-way a dreamy look came into his eyes and he watched the shadows of the giant trees as the moonlight cast them upon the hard earth. " How strange are the workings of the Great Spirit, " he mused, " One week from to-day Nscho Tschi (Fair Day) was to be my bride. " The thought of his sweetheart brought a shadow into his face and his hand tightened on the door-post. He entered and crossed over to the bunk in the corner and threw his exhausted body on it, and there he lay tossing and turning and muttering, until the sleep of the weary overtook him. Poor Metan Akva! — A day back, and all the world had smiled 342 THE REDWOOD upon him with favor, not only because of his skillful use of knife and gun, but also for hi big and honest heart. And now, to- night he was a fugitive from the Kiowas, — his own people, — and all through a false imputation of crime. Metan Akva had given his big heart in firm, true love to Nscho Tschi, the daughter of the Kiowas ' chief. She was a maiden of rare beauty and grace with large, velvet black eyes half concealed. by long, dark lashes. She returned the love of Metan Akva and when they went hand in hand to the old chief, and told him of their betrothal he was pleased, and blessed them, for he was proud to have such a man as Metan Akva for his son-in- law. As he gave the blessing a happy smile lighted his eyes. " Thanks to the Great Spirit, " he said, " My Nscho Tschi has a brave who can love and defend her, for none is mightier with knife and gun than Metan Akva. " He did not know nor did the young couple suspect, that there was a rival in the settlement; but the tragedy that followed closely on the betrothal, seemed to indicate that such was the case. One night as Nscho Tschi was preparing to retire she was stabbed in the back by an unseen hand, for some reason known only to the assaulter. As the coward struck his deadly blow, Nscho Tschi fell to the floor, and a piercing shriek echoed through the old adobe walls of the house. The Chief, who heard the scream, hur- ried to the room to find his child lying prostrate in a pool of blood. At her side hdj a long hunting knife covered with blood, but there w as no trace whatever of the criminal. The father of the girl, overwhelmed with grief, fell on his knees crying out to the Great Spirit to help him to find the cause of the terrible tragedy. Pres- ently he recovered himself and sent for the Medicine Man and ordered him to bend over the silent girl and revive her. The man used all sorts of devices but in vain. Nscho Tschi remained motionless. Finally he began a combination of wierd gestures and moves and after some few minutes the girl ' s eyes opened and she gazed vacantly into the face of the Medicine Man. A reali- zation of who he was came across her dimmed brain and she cried out to him to leave her. Her father bent over her and told her gently that the Medicine Man must remain — it was a custom with the Kiowas when any of the household was in danger of death. THE REDWOOD 343 Seeing that the man was to stay she motioned to her father to bend lower and when he did so, she whispered something in his ear. An awful pallor crept into the old Chief ' s face and he stag- gered to his feet. Turning his back on the dying child he ad- dressed the charmer. " Remain thou, " he said, ' and let no one enter here. " Then he strode, trembling in every limb, from the room. What he had always tried to prevent had occurred, — Nscho Tschi, his daughter, child of the Kiowas, had adopted the white man ' s religion, and had asked him to send for a priest. She had learned the truths of the creed in the white settlement at Santa Clara where she often visited and where Padre Crespi was her friend. The old Chief went to his own room to which he summoned the braves of his council. The white men had taught and de- ceived his daughter into their practices, but they would suffer now. " Death to every white man in the settlement! " was his command. A messenger was immediately sent to Metan Akva, who was alone in his hut dreaming of Nscho Tschi and the happiness of their future. The messenger aroused him from his reverie and amidst tears and lamentations told him of the terrible crime that had been committed. As he listened a paralization seemed to creep over Metan Akva and his senses became numb. Then suddenly realizing the import of the message, — that his Nscho Tschi, the dearest to him on earth, was dying, — he staggered to his feet and telling the messenger to follow him, he was soon mounted and speeding tow ard the death-bed of his beloved. After what seemed to him an endless ride, Metan Akva ar- rived at the chief ' s home. All was in confusion at its doors and a crowd of war-painted red-men were already gathered around the house. He jumped from his horse and pushed his way through the crowd and was soon at the side of the bunk in which the Med- icine Man had laid Nscho Tschi. The charmer was seated in a chair near the bed and had fallen asleep. Nscho Tschi looked up and a smile lighted her faded and death-drawn face as she saw the big, strong brave enter the room. He rushed to her side and buried his face in the coverings, She tried to speak but could not. She pressed his hand and as he looked up she motioned him to 344 THE REDWOOD bring her some writing materials. Mechanically he obeyed, and feebly she traced a few words on the paper and gave it to Metan Akva. " Send at once for Padre Crespi. I am dying and must see him. Don ' t be angry with me — trust me, — I am dying. " The words burned into the Indian ' s soul, — " Trust me, I am dying " . Then he wrote the message to the Padre, and leaving her for a moment, he went out and gave it to a boy to deliver to the priest in the settlement which was many miles off. When he returned to the death chamber he bathed Nscho Tschi ' s feverish brow and kissed her warm, trembling hands. Neither spoke, and the stillness was awful. Suddenly they both heard the noise of great confusion, and above it all the voice of the old chief raised in anger as he ap- proached the room in which they were. The door swung open and the chief entered alone. His eyes blazed like fire and his face was hideous in its trappings of war. He drew himself up as he saw Metan Akva, The young brave arose and extended his hand to the chief. The old man drew back and in tones that shook the very roof, he cried out: " Metan Akva, worse than dog, the mes- senger you sent to the white deceiver, brought your word to me. I believe now what was told to me, but what I would not at first believe. It was you who committed this crime. Stand back! Your coming is of no use now. The hunting knife that did the deed has your horn upon the handle. You shall di e a terrible death, more terrible even than that which my poor child is dying. You shall be tortured at the stake and fire shall consume you inch by inch! " As the warrior heard his sentence a defiant smile played around his mouth at the absurdity of the accusation. Then he remembered Nscho Tschi and turned to her, but she had swooned when she heard her father ' s words. Like a flash, Metan Akva remembered his promise to Nscho Tschi and now that his first plan had been frustrated his upper- most thought was how to get the white priest to Nscho Tschi be- fore she died. He knew not why she wanted him, but her eyes had spoken to his soul when she handed him her request. The Medicine Man, who had awakened, now rose and went THE REDWOOD 345 over to the angry father and together they knelt at the side of the death-bed. In the stillness that followed, Metan Akva slipped quietly from the room. For a moment nothing occurred; then, as the old chief Hfted his head, he saw that Metan Akva was gone. Demon like he sprang to the window and sounded the alarm, but the lover was already on his way to the white settlement. He rode all that night and succeeded in eluding his pursuers. It was late the next afternoon when he arrived, as we have seen, at the hut on the prairie. His horse was exhausted, so he decided to remain there until mid- night when the animal would be fresher and they could push on and reach the village before sun-rise. In his dreams, as he lay there on his bunk in feverish sleep, he went over again and again the events of the night before. He awoke suddenly and went to the door where he could see by the moon that it was almost midnight. Without a morsel of food he went out, whistled for his faithful steed and then headed for the settlement. It was still dark when he reached the village, but he knew the adobe dwellings well and soon found the mission house where Padre Crespi lived. He rapped on the door which was opened by the good priest himself and Metan Akva hurriedly delivered his message. Crespi got some food for the Indian, two fresh horses and to- gether they started back to the Kiowa village. As they tore across the open fields neither spoke. The priest had his mind on God and faith in His mercy, and he knew that Nscho Tschi would not die until he reached her side. Metan Akva knew of no God to confide in, and his mind was scheming the means by which the priest could reach Nscho Tschi unmolested. On, on they went all the next day and it was dark when, tired and almost exhausted, they reached the Indian village. They dismounted some distance from the chief ' s dwelling and Metan Akva unfolded his scheme to the priest. " Listen, padre, " Ihe said, " you, whom my Nscho Tschi longs to see, have trusted me this far, you must trust me still further. When you see me tied to the stake in a few moments ' time proceed to the 346 THE RKDWOOD room where the light is dimly shining. If she is dead, she knows I have done my best. If she lives tell her good-by for me. The village is now asleep and the braves have probably decided not to disturb the whites until I am captured. After you leave Nscho Tschi you can return to your village and warn your people. " Crespi took Metan Akva ' s hand in his and pressed it. " I will do as you say, " he said, and then the young brave left him. For a few moments all was silent, then a great cry arose in the village and lights appeared everywhere. Metan Akva had been captured. From all sides they came — the old chief, the Medicine Man, men, women and children and they gathered in crowds around the stake to which Metan Akva was led — a captive. The old chief was uneasy. Metan Akva had performed some wonderful feats and he feared lest somehow he might escape; be- sides he was a friend by terms with the white spirit which had a strange power. At a sign from him six men roughly seized Metan Akva, placed his back to the post and securely fastened him. Nscho Tschi ' s father then called for his rifle. One thing was certain, — Metan Akva would not leave that spot alive. If any interference came during the ceremony his gun would put Metan beyond any as- sistance. Little indeed did he realize how far from Metan Akva ' s mind was any thought of escape. Fearlessly he stood noticing no one, his whole being taken up with the hope that the padre would see him, the signal for his going to Nscho Tschi. As the fire started his face showed no vsign of the terrible agony he was un- dergoing, it rather took on a victorious look, — he had succeeded in drawing all from the house, the way was clear for the priest. Fred J. SiGWART, ' 07. THE REDWOOD 347 THE WIND Sweet as the breath of the rose, At the first waking glance of the day, Sweet as the nightingale ' s song Are the words which the wind seems to say. Low as the sound of the sea When the billows are sleeping and still, Is the voice of the wind as it roams O ' er the ocean, the vale and the hill. Soft as a child ' s calm repose In its mother ' s endearing embrace, Soft as the mother ' s fond look Is the breath of the wind as it strays. Sweet as the breath of the rose, Low as the sound of the sea. Soft as a child ' s calm repose Is the wind as it wanders past me. Richard A. de la Guardia ' 08 MORNING O ' er mountain peaks the crimson flush Of sunrise softly steals along And fills the valley with its light, Rousing the birds to early song; It brings with it another day, Another day of right or wrong. Eugene Ivancovich. ' 08 348 THE REDWOOD EMIL A. PHILOI OGICAIy ESSAY ON THE ORTHOGRAPHY, ACCENTUATION, PRONUNCIA- TION, ORIGIN AND MEANING OF THIS CHRISTIAN-NAME IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. During the past century this praenominal proper name of Roman origin has gradually found its way in common use among English-speaking nations, yet no American or British lexicograph- ical work has this far ever settled its English orthography, accen- tuation and pronunciation, or determined its meaning. Before treating this subject philologically and etymologically, it will interest the historical, biographical and pious observer to see the subject treated hagiographically. Devotion to the saints as we know has always been a great characteristic of the Holy Catholic Church, and hagiography has ever been a great treasure of the Church Militant. The Church besides preserving the relics of her valiant champions, has also with exact care collected and preserved their history and their virtues. At baptism the priest according to rubrics bestows the name of a saint or a Christian-name on the baptized, and the holy prac- tice of annually commemorating the Onomastic-Day is kept by all who in any way aim at sanctity of life. Our title word is the name of a martyr who died in the year 250 A. D., and whose feast Holy Church yearly celebrates on May Twenty-Second, on which day over a thousand years ago the greatest genius of Christianity, the holy bishop of Hippo gave the panegyric (Augustini Opera, Tomus Quintus, pagina 799, Sermo CCI.XXXV.). Churches are in many places dedicated as hving mon- uments to the sacred memory of the subject of this sketch and holy-pictures illustrate his triumph. Hagiography relates his praises. The biographers of our saint are the hagiographers: Surius, Butler, Cyprian, Rabanus, Bede, Usuardus, Ado and Notkerus. The " Acta Sanctorum " writ- ten in the sacred liturgical unchangeable language of Holy Church, a work which even at the present day, on account of the incessant wonders of Catholicity is still kept up by the critical Bollandists, »:■ ' ' " w ' ' M¥r v ' ' Ammm;:mM;w €mmfm£W£MMWwmwM m%mm ' : ' ' im0MfMm FLOYD ATTEklDGE. •«•« ' ROBERT E. TZ GERALD. Photo bv Hill Debating Team of The House of Philhtstorians Affirmative RvLAND Medal Debate THE REDWOOD 349 gives due attention to our hero. The " Roman Martyrology " which is daily read publicly in all religious communities, also gives a pathetic eulogy on our saint. " Mirabilis Deus in Sanctis suis. " ( — Liber Psalmorum i xvii, 36.) We now come to the philological part of this sketch. In philologizing any word in the English language, we must have re- course to its primary origin and then investigate its English forma- tion by comparisons. Words in English are generally ultimately either of Anglo-Saxon, Latin or Greek origin. Words becoming English are anglicized according to some fixed manner. We ob- serve eight modes of similar comparison in this praenominal inves- tigation. First, we observe five kindred philological, English, masculine dissyllabic, penult-accentuated, Christian-names of striking philo- logical resemblance. Pronunciation baz ' il ses ' il sir ' il em ' il ver ' jil Secondly, we observe that Basil and Cyril are of Greek origin. An ancient English work the " Roman Martyrology " printed in the English language (Published now by John Murphy Co., Baltimore, Md.) gives the following English spellings to these two praenomina: Saint Basil, feast June 14; Saint Cyril, feast March 20. The English forms here given prove that these two English Chris- tian-names have been anglicized already many centuries ago, and have therefore from time immemorial adopted their present or- thography. Thirdly, we observe that Cecil, Emil and Virgil are of Latin origin. The above quoted English " Roman Martyrology " gives the following English spellings to these three praenomina: Saint Caecilius, feast May 15; Saint milius, feast May 22; Saint Virgilius, feast November 27. Christian-name Accentuation Basil bas ' il Cecil cec ' il Cyril cyr ' il Emil em ' il Virgil vir ' gil I.atin French Ba-siri-us Ba ' sile ' Cae-ciri-us Ce " cile ' Cy-ririus Cy " rille ' -mil ' i-us fi " mile ' Vir-giri-us Vir ' gile ' 350 THE REDWOOD The I atin forms here given prove that these three English Chris- tian-names have been anglicized only a few centuries ago; and have therefore only comparatively recently adopted their present or- thography. Fourthly, we observe that Basil, Cecil, Cyril, Emil, and Virgil a have all in Latin their final ending in us have all in P ' rench their final ending in le y have all in English their final ending in il Fifthly, we observe that Basil, Cecil, Cyril, and Emil a have all in Latin their final ending in us 3 have all in French their final ending in le y have all in English as their ultima the biliteral syllable il Sixthly, we observe that Basil, Cecil, Emil and Virgil a have all in Latin their final ending in ilius have all in French their final ending in He y have all in English their final ending in il Seventhly, we observe that Basil, Cecil and Emil a have all in Latin their final ending in ilius have all in French their final ending in He y have all in English as their ultima the biliteral syllable il Eighthly, we observe a parallel philological onomastic case hj contrasting the masculine and feminine correlative appellations of two of these English praenomina of Latin origin. " Cecil " with its feminine equivalent praeuomen ' Cecily " , and ' Emir with its feminine equivalent praenomen " Emily " , illustrate great imitation. Christian-name Accentuation Pronunciation l,atiu Cecil cec ' il ses ' il Cae-ciri-us Cecily cec ' i-ly sSs ' e-le Cae-ciri-a Emil era ' ii em ' il . -miri-us Emily em ' i-ly emV e -miri-a As to the etymology of the Christian- name in question, we discover the following two reasonable meanings: In Harpers ' " Latin Dictionary " (Published by the American Book Co., New York, N. Y. in 1879), notice under the word miliuSy that it is related to the Latin verb aemulor. Hence we conclude: Emil: em ' il, Latin, masculine, emulous. [ Latin milius, French Gender Ce ' cile ' masculine Ce ' cile ' feminine le ' mile ' masculine fi ' mile ' feminine THE REDWOOD 351 01d lyatin mylius, Latin aemulus, Latin aemulatus, Latin aemulor, to emulate.]. In Stephani ' s ' ' Thesaurus Linguae Latinae " (Published by Thurneisen Brothers, Basle, Switzerland in 1740), we notice under the word mylius, that it is related to the Greek adjective cufJuvXiOf;. Hence we conclude: Ernil ' . em ' il, Greek, masculine, flattering. [ Latin milius, 01d Latin mylius, Greek alpLvXio ;, flattering.]. About the Old Latin form y jny litis, observe that in Latin words you often have y where in Greek words you have u, as in the Latin substantive butjj rum (butter) and the Greek substan- tive boute ron { ovTvpov (butter). That the accent should be on em in the English word Emil (em ' il) seems to be evident from the similar English philological Christian-names Basil (baz ' il), Cecil (ses ' il), Cyril (sir ' il) as well as other English dissyllabic words as civil (siv ' il) and vigil (vij ' il), which are all accentuated on the consonant preceding the final termination il. To these might be added the English substantive Emily (em ' e-le) and the English adjective emulous (em ' yu-lus), which are also accentuated on their final syllable em. It might also be noticed that the Latin diphthong ae in the Latin words C 2 cilius and milius is converted into the English simple vowel e. Hence the English words C cil and mil. There are no other Christian-names besides those we men- tioned, which in Latin and French end miluis and He respectively; and these all have the final ending il in English. We conclude by saying that the anglicized form of this mas- culine praenominal proper name of Latin origin, which w e consid- ered historically and philologically and etymologically ought to be spelled, accentuated and pronounced EMIL (em ' il), and that the meaning of this Christian-name is " emulous " or " flattering " . H. E. B. 352 THE REDWOOD A MUSE ON NATURE ' Oh Nature! how fair is thy face, And how light is thy heart, and how friendless thy grace! ' Meredith. We scarcely begin to realize the true and unalloyed happiness that can be found in the sweet and tranquil bosom of harmless Nature — that Nature which for centuries has been toiling under the diJBicult task of beautifying and adapting itself to the condi- tions of animals in general and of human beings in particular, and which receives but an infinitesimal part of appreciation for its silent but effectual advances. For o ' er the length and breadth of the earth, o ' er mountain height and rolling valley, bloodshed, sor- row and destruction have settled like a baneful cloud, and have blotted out that sweet child-like appearance which to the explorer and discoverer was a source of indescribable enchantment. Nature is unselfish. A poet has said that " nothing in nature was e ' er created solely for itself. " We may go further in our as- sertion and say from our experience of things around us that she caters to our whims and fancies. For the young and innocent heart she has produced the jolly laughing brooklet, above whose sinuous course sweet tender trees arch their supple forms in fantastic embrace, where the richly plumed oriole loves to carol his sweetest lays, combining his notes with the murmur of the rippling water till they strike a responsive chord in the human bosom. Here may the youthful mind enjoy peaceful repose and relaxation; here may it muse in fanciful day- dreams till it becomes unconscious of all earthly cares and is lost for a while in the regions of mystic wonderland. Then there are the tall and sombre giants of the forest, lifting their rugged forms aloft in silent companionship, too silent indeed, were it not for the everlasting thunder of the tumbling cataracts, or the mighty roar of the Monarch of the forest as he prowls about all alone in his undisputed superiority. Here may the brave- hearted stroll and revel in the awe-inspiring wonders of Nature ' s handicraft. And if he be susceptible of the finer feelings he may THE REDWOOD 353 stop for a moment to behold the tender innocent doe, who with palpitating heart, her graceful fawn trotting gaily by her side, comes to quench her thirst at a shaded nook of some cool silvery rivulet, just as the sun sinks into space and casts its departing rays athwart the cold gray sky. And all ye of gay and roving dispositions come out into the broad expanse of emerald field and meadow, come and enjoy that luxuriant carpet of Nature whereon both rich and poor may romp with equal pleasure. Here are poured forth from a never- failing cornucopia plants and flowers of every hue and odor wherewith the senses are refreshed and delighted; here can the eye wander in perfect satisfaction finding new objects of enjoyment at every glance; here can one rest on a fair Spring day while around him are wafted in copious draughts perfumes more rare and soothing than the spice and inceuse of Arabia. And finally for the land-sick individual Nature has filled in deep and boundless valleys with the sea — the mighty restless sea, " the glorious mirror where the Almighty ' s form glasses itself — the image of Eternity. " Here many a mariner sings his peaceful song while the jubilant waves bound beneath his ship as a steed that knows its rider. Yet this fair Nature so provident and kind is withal myster- ious. And mysterious she would always remain did we not know know of that higher Intelligence that has not only created all these beautiful works of Nature but watches over them with a scrupulous and untiring care. Therefore, " if thou wouldst taste his works acquaint thyself with God. Admitted once to his em- brace thou shait perceive that thou wast blind before: thine eye shall be instructed, and thine heart made pure shall relish with divine delight till then unfelt what hands divine have wrought. " RoBT. Murphy, 3rd Acad. I T e aocd, Pubi.ishe;d Monthi y by the Students of Santa Ci.ara Coi i.ege The object of The Redwood is to record our College Doings, to give proof of College Industry and to knit closer together the hearts of the Boys of the Present and of the Past. EDITORIAL STAFF BXBCUTIVK BOARD Martin V. Mkrle:, Junior Special. John W. Byrnks, ' o6 George Casey, ' 07 ASSOCIATE EDITORS College Notes - - Ralph C. Harrison, ' 05 Alumni Rob ' t. Y. Hayne, ' 08 In the Library - - Francis Floyd-Jones, ' 07 Exchanges - - - Michael C. O ' Toole, ' 07 Athletics - - - Robert H. Shepherd, ' 07 business manager Michael R. O ' Reilly, ' 06 assistants Thos. Leonard, Senior Special Joseph Curley, ' 05 Angelo Quevedo, ' 05 Address all communications to The Redwood, Santa Clara College, California Terms of subscription, $1.50 a year; single copies, 25 cents. EDITORIAL THE NEW SAKTA CLARA COLLEGE Some months ago this column was devoted to an account of the proposed plan to build a new and greater Santa Clara College, and it was made known at the time that the greater part of the property had already been secured. Since then, however, such THE REDWOOD 355 rapid strides have been made with the work of perfecting the plans, that they are quite worthy of note and certainly of interest to the many friends of the Pioneer Institution of Learning on the Pacific Coast. The entire property has now been acquired, and the site for the buildings chosen. There are in all over 500 acres of practical land, containing a magnificent plateau, several fine orchards, a growing vineyard, glorious old oaks, and two beautiful streams of pure clear water which wind their way down from the sheltering hills and mountains at the back, and form delightful boundaries on either side of the property. The view from the plateau on which the buildings are to be erected is one of the most commanding and magnificent panoramas in the world. After much thought and deliberation on the part of Rev. Father Kenna, S. J., the President of the College, and his consultors, Mr, Albert Pissis, whose work in California is already too well known to com- ment upon here, has been chosen as the architect. The Grecian architecture will be predominant, and the Mission Cross will crown the hills, the emblem of the Faith that the early Padres gave their lives to spread in the pioneer days of California. To carry on the work of the new Santa Clara College in a fit- ting manner, there is need of generous co-operation; and now — with the great object that the Society of Jesus has in view in this val- ley, — is the time for the loyal sons of old Santa Clara, both poor and rich, to come to her assistance that they may do their share towards erecting this great new college which will be, God willing, an everlasting monument to the memory of the Rev. John Nobili, S. J., who over fifty years ago founded the present Santa Clara College with the humble sum of one hundred and fifty dollars. AH AMBIGOOUS STATEMENT The " Sunset Magazine " for March contains an article under the heading ' High Schools of California " in which the writer is a bit ambiguous in one of her statements. She declares that " in the year 185 1 the pioneers of the Methodist demonination founded a college at San Jose, and the Roman Catholics founded Santa Clara College a short time later. " This would lead readers to beheve that the college founded by the Methodist congregation in 185 1 356 THE REDWOOD was the first institution of learning in this vicinity. This is not so, for we can point out with pride that our College is but a continua- tion of the old Mission School of Santa Clara which was founded by the Franciscans in the eighteenth century. The University of the Pacific received her charter before Santa Clara College, but the present site of the College had a school of learning long before the University was thought of. Give unto Caesar the things that are Caesar ' s, to us — the things that our ours. IN THE MIDST OF LIFE In a recent issue of a leading San Francisco daily, there ap- peared a clear, well-written, and praiseworthy article under the title of " The Great Revival. " It dealt mainly with the religious benefits derived from International wars when men, in desparation, turn from the marble pile of the God of Battle, and prostrate them- selves before the altar of the God of Mercy — the God all just, all wise and all powerful. The writer states that in the midst of wars and rumors of wars, the world finds time to marvel at the great religious revival which not only extended all over Europe, but also is most active in America. Now just why should the world take time to marvel at this revival brought about by wars? Why should wars at all be neces- sary to evolve such a movement? Why does not the world at large, instead of marveling, stop to consider that in the midst of life — war or no war — we are in death, — and that under these cir- cumstances there should be a tendency, not only to shut out the wars of nations, but also the petty strifes that day by day are turning men from God and rendering them as void for eternal sal- vation as the poor dumb animals we daily pet and fondle. It is the unbroken record of human experience that no man was ever made worse, as a moral being or as a citizen, by sparing the time for consideration of things higher than this mere transitory life. To turn our hearts and minds to God, — we who are in the daily walks of life — is but the task of a moment; and it leaves with us a memory that is distinctly uplifting and one which may be cherished without shame. Martin V. Merle, Jun. Spec ' l. THE REDWOOD 357 THE AEROPLANE, " SANTA CLAR A " The fame of Professor John Montgomery ' s newly invented flying machine has spread far and wide; but the real nature of the invention, its possible developments, the scientific principles in- volved, the odds against which the inventor had to struggle in perfecting his machine; — all this and more is reserved for the May issue of the Rkdwood. We have secured first right to publish an authoritative account of the Aeroplane " Santa Clara. " The repre- sentatives of the press will have opportunity to observe for them- selves, w hen sometime during the course of the month, the effic- iency of the new machine will be demonstrated; but the first great announcement by the inventor himself will be through the pages of the Redwood. How we secured this honor is simply told. Professor Montgomery is one of those rare noblemen of nature who believe in keeping self in the background. He had a num- ber of tempting offers from magazines of national repute and to all of them his reply was: I have given the first rights of publica- tion to the Santa Clara College Redwood. " We are very grateful to the learned Professor and shall en- deavor, to the best of our ability, to do him justice, and to give a clear explanation of the Aeroplane " Santa Clara. " 358 THE REDWOOD COLLEGi: NOTES Postponement of tKe Passion Play At the beginning of last month Father Kenna announced his decision that " Nazereth " the famous " Passion Play written for the college by Clay M. Greene, would not be produced this year. In making this decision Father Kenna said: " I cannot in conscience allow the boys to overwork themselves by presenting the play again this year. It necessitates several months of hard preparation and we have already during this term figured somewhat extensively in dramatics. This is an educa- tional institution, and the play coming at this time might inter- fere seriously with the summer examinations. " To collegians and alumni alike and even to the people of Cali- fornia this information proves very disappointing. But consola- tion may be found in the fact that it is only a postponement and at the next production the realization will prove all the more pleasur- able because of their lengthened anticipation. TKe Senate The past month has been alive with busthng activity in the Senate, conference and informal discussions and impromptu speeches have followed one another in quick succession. Every- where we hear discussion about the Arbitration Treaties and the letter to Cuilom and the new phase of the Monroe Doctrine. Such ardor is interesting and it bids well for success in the Ryland Annual debate with the House, which is to come off April 12th in the College hall. Our team, tried and true, the heroes of many a battlefield, serious or comic or serio-comic, are now going to secure their crowning glory, well and nobly won, if we dare give aught of credit to appearances. They are Senators John J. Ivan- covich, Michael R. O ' Reilly and John H. Riordan, supported by Ralph C. Harrison, John O. McElroy and Joseph T. Curley as alternates. These able young contestants have elected, after THE REDWOOD 359 mature consideration, to defend the negative side of the question: " Resolved, that the opposition of the U. S. Senate to President Roosevelt in the matter of the Arbitration Treaties merits the ap- proval of the country at large. " Not without good reason they feel confident that finally vic- tory shall perch on the hitherto deserted banners and that ere they depart from Santa Clara ' s hallowed walls they shall have left as a legacy to the organization for which they have striven so pains- takingly the memory of a gold medaled triumph, which assuredly shall not be easy — for they are pitted against foemen full worthy of their steel — but which shall be none the less gladsome for the long continued, unflagging earnestness expended upon it. " Macti virtute, commilitones, este! House of PKilKistorians The new members for the past month were H. Gulling, C. Brown, A. Young, and H. Patrick. An open debate was held during the last month. It read: Resolved: " That the open shop policy affords the truest solution to our great labor problem. " The afiSrmative was supported by Fitz- gerald, and Allen; negative, Atteridge and Donlin. Judges, Father Foote, Father Ford, Professor Smith and Judge Herrington. The judges declared the affirmative side winners. Strong arguments were brought forth by the different speakers, and the convincing style in which Fitzgerald, who was first affirmative, summed up and refuted the arguments won considerable praise. Interest is now being taken in the coming debate between the House and Senate. It reads as follows: " Resolved, That the oppo- sition of the Senate to President Roosevelt in the matter of the Arbitration Treaties merits the approval of the people at large. " The House upholds the affirmative with Fitzgerald, i tteridge and Allen; Lejeal, Maher and O ' Toole acting as alternates. At a meeting held on March 20th the Ryland Debate Question was most ably treated by Fitzgerald, Lejeal and Allen for affirma- tive, with Feeney, Brown and Maher, negative. Many strong- arguments were brought out by both sides. Maher for the nega- 36o THE REDWOOD tive and Lejeal for the affirmative, proved the best debaters, bring- ing forth the most arguments. As the result of a vote taken upon the subject the negative received the majority. Junior Dramatics Owing to the production of " Paddy Mile ' s Boy, " by the Junior Dramatic Society, no regular meetings have been held for the past month. We regret that our former director, Rev. Mr. McCarthy, S. J., has left us and taken up his residence in Denver, and we hear with pleasure that Rev. Mr. Walsh, S. J., will preside over our future meetings. WasKin ton ' s BirtKday February 22d, Washington ' s Birthday, was celebrated at the College in a most befitting manner. On the day itself the delight- ful pleasure of a holiday was enjoyed and in the evening an open air concert afforded great enjoyment. Mr. John O. Mc- Eiroy headed the programme with a rare bit of oratory on the Father of our country. He was followed by Angelo Quevedo in a monologue which left his audience holding their sides for laughter. The fun was kept up by the humorous pair, Harry Gulling and Joseph Kohlbecker who appeared in a most enjoyable comedy stunt. Then amid the strains of " The Star Spangled Ban- ner " sung by the collegians in unison, we broke up for the even- ing, feeling proud of our country and of being Americans. TKings TKeatric On March ist, as had been announced, the Senior Dramatic Club presented their Vaudeville. The programme was extremely creditable and scored a great success. Of the evening ' s programme submitted below the features were Signor Sbrana in Grand Opera, The Comedy Four, John J. Ivancovich, August Aguirre, Michael R. O ' Rielly and Fred J. Sigwart, the Glee Club and Raymond Cav- THE REDWOOD 36r eriy. But what scored a most wonderful succeSvS was the roaring farce that concluded the programme. These vaudeville shows bring out so well the individmal abil- ities of the participants and cause so much general hearty laughter that we hope to see the Senior Dramatic Club in many of them. The programme: Overture College Orchestra By Special Request THE SENIOR GEEE CLUB In Their Musical Act, " IN CAMP " The Celebrated Cornetist MR. RAYMOND A. CAVERLY Introducing the Flugel Horn That Very Funny Fellow ANGEEO QUEVEDO Monologue First Appearance Here of THE SIGNORS SBRANA In Grand Opera Selections Ivancovich A Cyclone of Fun Aguirre 4 THE CALIFORNIA COMEDY 4 In Their Hilarious Sketch, Sigwart ' ' THE BATTLEFIELD " O ' Reilly The Sweet Singer MANUEL CARRERA In Illustrated Songs. ' A Little Bit of Everything " by GEORGE CASEY and HARRY GULLING " Nuff Ced " First Joint Appearance of TOxM ENA and THE DE LA GUARDIA BROS (Ed., Henry and Raul) In a High Class Musical Act 362 THE REDWOOD Overture College Orchestra THE SENIOR DRAMATIC CLUB In the Roaring One Act Earce " HIS EXCELLENCY, THE CONSUL " CAST Hon. Christopher Bingham Floyd Allen Rogers, his valet Michael O ' Reilly Sandy McHoot, a Highland Fling John J. Ivancovich Charley Preston, a special correspondent Ralph C. Harrison Williams, of the Wireless Telegraphy Department. .Fred J. Sigwart Gen ' l Mendoza of East Los Bayos Leander Murphy Gen ' l DeLara, of West Los Bayos August Aguirre Marconi, Gen ' l Mendoza ' s servant William Maher Filippo, Gen ' l De Lara ' s servant Angelo Quevedo Scene — American Consulate at Los Bayos. Time— The Present. Finale ...College Orchestra St. Patrick ' s Eve On the evening of Thursday, March i6th, a programme of rare selection was enjoyed under the auspices of the Junior Dramatic Society. The first part of the programme open to the college at large was very creditable. The Irish recitations of M. R. O ' Rielly and James R. Daly, the one humorous, the other patriotic, and the pretty little piece of Gussie Prindiville called forth great applause which testified to the presence in the audience of many a true Hibernian heart. The best was reserved until the last in the shape of the most laughable of farces, " Paddy Miles ' Boy, " produced by the Junior Dramatic Society. In this farce Ivo G. Bogan took the leading role of Paddy Miles. To say that he deserved all the applause that was given him would barely do him justice. Mr. Bogan displayed all the points of a consummate actor. Indeed the part could not have been entrusted to better hands. In the supporting cast Mr. Bogan was ably assisted. Indeed we can sincerely say that every one played his THE REDWOOD 363 part well and that a successful performance was the result. All honor to the Junior Dramatic Society! The following was the program: Part I 1 Overture College Orchestra 2 Recitation Michael R. O ' Reilly 3 Songs Signor Sbrana 4 Recitation Aug. J. Prindiville 5 Cornet Solo ...Raymond Caverly 6 Recitation James R. Daly 7 Musical Duet T. Blow and T. Ena f John J. Ivancovich 8 Comedy Quartet, By Request J I ed J. Sigwart H O ' Reilly 1 August Aguirre 9 Selection College Orchestra Part II The Junior Dramatic Society presents " PADDY MILEvS ' BOY " A Farce in Three Acts. CAST Paddy Miles, a boy from Limerick Ivo G. Bogan Doctor Coates James L. Pierce Harry, his son Peter M. Dunne Roscoe Fidget, an English Squire Edwin McFadden Charles, his Son Eugene Ivancovich Job, gardner for Mr. Fidget.. JobnG. Leibert Ruben, a farmer Ernest Watson SYNOPSIS Act I. — Exterior of Dr. Coates ' Residence. Act II. — Scene i — Room in Mr. Fidget ' s House. Scene 2 — A Road Near Dr. Coates ' Residence. Act III. — Scene i — Room in Mr. Fidget ' s House. Scene 2 — Same as Act I. Finale Orchestra 364 THE REDWOOD TKe Lecture On the evening of March 28th we enjoyed the privilege of hearing Rev. Father Wm. O ' Brien Pardow, S. J., lecture. The Rev. Father chose as his subject, " The Man and the Age, " and the few words he addressed us on this subject of vital importance proved most interesting. Father Pardow stated that as the age depended mainly upon the men that make it, so did the man de- pend upon his education for his character, his ' susceptibility to motives. " He then went on to show that education was not, as some evidently thought, mere instruction. He contended that the youth went to college not merely to imbibe the ideas and knowl- edge of others but he was there to learn to think himself, to ac- quire ideas of his own. Father Pardow has a most forcible way of putting things and moreover the wit and interesting details of his discourse leave one desirous of hearing him again and yet again. R. C. Harrison, ' 05. AULD LANG SYNE Ve have just learned of a noteworthy address made by Gener- al James F. Smith, A. M. ' 78, before the Division Superintendents of Schools in the Philippines. General Smith, who is secretary of Public Instruction in the Islands, took, in his speech, strong grounds against the fads now existing in so many branches of ed- ucation. He also spoke at length on the mistake made in the United States, where students, regardless of their natural bent, were being turned to law, medicine and other professions instead of becoming farmers, wood workers, iron workers, etc. We find the General strictly correct regarding this latter statement. A recent honor of no small degree was conferred upon the Rev. Jos. McQuaide, A. B. ' 88, when he was promoted to the pas- torship of Sacred Heart Church in San Francisco. The rapid rise of this young priest has been really remarkable. Shortly after his return from the Philippines whither he had gone as Chaplain, suc- ceeding the Rev. Father McKinnon, deceased, Father McQuaide THE REDWOOD 365 was appointed pastor of a new church which it was his lot to organize. In a few years he did this work, building and placing in first class order the Church of the Holy Redeemer in San Fran- cisco. Hisi great abilities drew the attention of Archbishop Rior- dan to him and he was selected for his present and much greater field. While at Holy Redeemer parish he endeared himself to the hearts of his people and is sure to do so in his new congregation. We, of his Alma Mater, congratulate him heartily. We may also note with pride the elevation of another Santa Clara boy, Rev. Walter Thornton, S. J., who after leaving here, entered the Jesuit Order and came back to Santa Clara, first as a Professor, then as First Prefect, which office he held for two years. Father Thornton received appointment a few months since to the position of Master of Novices in the Sacred; Heart Novitiate at I,os Gatos. We congratulate him on being the first Santa Clara boy to hold such a position. A treat is in store for us when we hear for the first time the two new college songs Vv hich have been composed for Santa Clara by James P. Donohue, S. B., ' 82. Mr. Donohue is still on the edi- torial staff of the San Francisco Chronicle, and that he found time to arrange two songs for the P.ed and White shows that he has not forgotten his Alma Mater. Within the last month Gerald P. Beaumont, ' 06, until recently the athletic editor of the Redwood has accepted a very prominent position on the staff of the San Jose Mercury. Although we re- gret keenly the loss of so valauable a v riter and so excellent a stu- dent as Gerald, still we tender him our sincerest wishes for success, which he deserves and, we feel confident, will achieve. Among the departures from the college last month was Rev. Edward T. McCarthy, S. J., the popular professor of First Aca- demic. Mr McCarthy has gone to the Sacred Heart College in Denver, Colorado, where he will take up a vacant position in the faculty. We wish him all luck and the best of success. Our loss is Denver ' s gain. When the College nine crossed bats with Uncle Sam ' s boys on the Presidio athletic grounds in San Francisco last month many faces of the old boys were recognized in the throng that filled the 366 THE RKDWOOD grandstands. Among them none was as prominent as the beam- ing countenance of Wm. F. Lorigan, Justice of the Superior Court. Another event in San Francisco which brought out the old oys to do honor to the College was the production of " The Light Eternar at the Alhambra Theater on March 6th, by the Senior Dramatic Club of the College. Among the " grads " we spied Ed Cosgriff, James Bacigalupi, Pierre Merle; Jack Collins, Francis Moraghan, and many others, to say nothing of the number among the secular priests. Tom Kelly — dear old Tom — who so often brought the College nine to victory, dropped in the other day and umpired a game for us. Needless to say we were rejoiced to see him and only wish that he could come more often. Talking of pitchers, we learned with regret of the illness of our " Bobbie " Keefe, ' oi, who is Mike Fisher ' a A No. i twirler and the pride of the Tacoma Tigers. Here ' s hoping that you are much improved, Bob, and that you ' ll throw the first ball across the plate when the season opens. Frank Grant, ' 88, is now one of the solid men of Mountain View, and is successfully guiding the destinies of the future Santa Clara College town. Two of the old Commercial boys who are doing well in San Francisco are Pierre V. Merle, ' 03, and Baldo Ivancovich, ' 04. Pierre is holding a very prominent position in the Royal Insur- ance company, while Baldo is rapidly working himself up in the employ of Rankin Co., the big wholesale grocers. We were delighted to note that Charlie Thompson, A. B. ' 00, returned unscathed from Sacramento. A postal from Guy Connor, A. B. ' 00, tells us that he is doing Europe and seeing all he can. From the Georgetown Journal we learn that our John Parrott ' 05, a former Redwood man, and now exchange editor on the Journal, distinguished himself in the recent Merrick debate held at Georgetown. The Senate of Santa Clara College congratulates him. John E. McElroy, A. B. ' 91 has been re-elected as Oakland ' s District Attorney. John is the same good natured fellow he was THE REDWOOD 367 at the College, and as he was the only Democratic nominee elected it shows that Oakland knows a good thing when she sees it. Charlie Laumeister, ' 03 Special, dropped in at the College a week ago looking as well and business-like as ever. He has now the complete management of his father ' s mills and is acquitting himself admirably of the charge. The news from Gonzaga College, Spokane, contained an item of interest to us here at Santa Clara. It was to the effect that Rev. Wm. Deeney, S. J., a former student here, and until last year one of the faculty, has been transferred to Woodstock College, Mary- land, on account of his health. We trust that the change will have the full effect desired. At the musical and literary exercises held in the Majestic Theater in San Francisco, on Friday, March 17, in honor of St. Patrick, the Hon. Frank J. Sullivan delivered the oration of the day. As is well known, Mr. Sullivan, a few years ago, erected at his own expense at Fontenoy, a monument to the brave Irish who saved the day for the French on that glorious field. In his speech the orator alluded with feeling and eloquence to the great battle and its brave fighters. A dramatic moment was reached w hen he held aloft in his right hand a cannon-ball and said, " I hold in my hand a cannon-ball taken from the spot where the Irish Brigade met the British Column. " This scene was greeted with tremen- dous enthusiasm, and at the conclusion of Mr. Sullivan ' s speech the audience rose to their leet and applauded and cheered the speaker to the echo. A very welcome visitor during the month was Mr. C. K. Mc- Clatchy, the editor of the Sacramento Bee. Mr. McClatchy dropped in on his way home from a trip to southern California, whither he had gone to recuperate after a dangerous siege of appendicitis. He has entirely recovered from his illness, and is again looking hale and hearty, for which we congratulate him. Mr. McClatchy, who is an old Santa Clara boy, was one of the worthy gentlemen who re- ceived an honorary Ph. D. during the Jubilee year of Santa Clara College. 368 THE REDWOOD IN THE LIBRARY EXCHANGES THE S. C. V. STUDEHT A goodly collection of varied contributions makes this month ' s Student a very creditable magazine. It contains nothing of ex- ceptional merit and is sadly lacking in poetry but many of its arti- cles are good and the editorials and department matter are well up to the standard. " Nobobascar " is perhaps the best written piece in the book. The subject of the story, if it may be accurately called such, is somewhat remote from the intensely interesting, but the style is unique and it has a touch of the weird interest of the " Arabian Nights. " The two sketc hes, " Thomas Gray " and " Francis, the Saint of Assisi " are not without interest and beauty, and the story, " How No. 4 Was Saved, " pictures, under new and most exhilarating circumstances, the familiar hero of the throttle. The dig at Pomona smacks somewhat of that bellicose spirit that does good neither to the assailant nor the assailed. THE XAVIER Congratulations are due the new staff of the Xavier on their admirable first effort. The March number is certainly excellent not that former issues have not been good, but there is a marked vigor and tone this month. The essays are strong and pertinent. The author of " The Appellate Court Building " has given us quite an artful bit of description. The stories have originality, the one thing required of modern fiction. " Vanitas Vanitatis " is beau- tiful. We read with no little pleasure in the college notes of the wonderful success of the play " Telemachus " and noted with pride the interest it arous ed in the New York dramatic publications. We who have lately known like triumphs, can well appreciate the glory of the achievement and we offer our heartiest congratula- tions to St. Francis Xavier on the work of the gifted author. THE REDWOOD 369 BLUE AND WHITE This interesting visitor from San Francisco has some excellent matter this month. The opening sonnet, " Labor ' s Incense " is a poem of uncommon excellence and beauty, and the verses headed " Erin " form a most eloquent tribute to that inspiring name. Two other articles also, in keeping with the season, treat of Irish themes. The essay entitled " Gerald Griffin " is a very able appreciation of the poet and the story teller. NEWCOMERS We are happy an announce the appearance of two new ex- changes this month, the Xaverian and the Villa Shield. The Shield, though rather a small paper, is quite tastefully and effect- ively arranged and makes up in quality what it wants it quantity. The two articles, " Erin ' s Emblem " and " The Spirit of Longfellow ' s Poems " are very well written and their interest is greatly enhanced by a number of well chosen specimens. The editorials and the short articles immediately following are full of life and local inter- est and reveal mOvSt graphically the spirit and sentiments that pre- vail at Villa de Chantal. We see in the exchange column an ex- pression of disappointment at the non-appearance of the Rkdwood but we hope that by this time the delinquent copy has made its appearance. XAVEKIAN The Xaverian received is the February number. It impressed us as being on the whole a first class magazine, possessing ele- ments of excellence and evidence of ability, sufficient to raise it to the top rank of college journalism. It has some fine poetry and as that commodity is just now at a premium, it raises its comparative literary merit considerably. In fiction the Xaveria?i seems a little weak but we can almost afford to overlook the deficiency as the general tendency is towards a superfluity. M. C. 0 ' Tooi.E, ' 07. 370 THE REDWOOD ATHLETICS Though the baseball team was forced to part with their ever popular coach, Wallace Hogan, they have still kept up their good work and have demonstrated the advantage of his training, in their several victories of the past month. On the evening of March 4th, the day previous to his departure to join the Tacoma baseball club, a reception was tendered Mr. Hogan by the College nine. Being called upon for a speech, he most cordially responded, speaking at length of the unity and team work that has existed among the players and their desire to work in unison with the coach. At the close of the reception Mr. Hogan was presented with a Santa Clara monogram. Out of six games played during the last month, a majority of them proved victorious. Of the members of the pitching staff, all have done creditable work. Wolters lost his first college game in the Berkeley contest against the mighty Heitmuller which is the first out of six. This i indeed a record for any pitcher to be proud of. Santa Clara 6, Presidio 3 " A bunch of school boys, O! what a cinch, " was the remark overheard from a group of soldier boys, as our men were on their way to the dressing room. Such however was not the case, for the Santa Clara lads proved themselves victors. It was one of the most interesting games that the Santa Clara team has contested this season. The boys in red and white showed their complete knowledge of the game by exhibiting some of the finer points which are seldom seen outside of the profession- al class. It was in the third inning that Santa Clara secured a lead which the soldiers could not overtake. Feeney and Byrnes distinguished themselves in the field by accepting several difl cult chances, while Shafer and Duggan were the stars at the bat. THE REDWOOD 371 Boyle who started the pitching for Santa Clara, was relieved in the eighth inning by Welter who retired the Presidio men with- out a hit or run. Myers for the soldiers pitched a good game strik- ing out eleven men, but the errors made by the team behind him proved costly. The score : vSANTA CLARA PRESIDIO AB R BH SB PO A E AB R BH SB PO A E Feeney, 2b 4 i i o 4 4 i Cameron, cf 4 i 2 o o o o Duggan, ss 3 i i o 2 i 2 Raymond, ss 5 i 2 o 3 2 i Collins, c 4 o o o 8 I o Myzell, ib 5 o i o 9 o i Russell, If 5 I I 2 2 o I Conrad, c 4 o o o 11 3 6 Durfee, cf 4 i i i o i i Gannon, 3b 3 i i o o i 3 Byrnes, 3b 4 o i i i 2 o Trutner, If 7 i o o i 2 o Sigwart, ib 4 o o o 9 o o Rice, rf 4 020100 Shafer, rf 4 i 2 o i o o Fair, 2b 4 i o o i 2 i Boyle, p 3 100020 Myers, p 3 o o o i 2 i Wolter, p o o o o o o I Wilbur o 000000 Totals 35 6 7 4 27 10 6 Totals 36 5 8 o 27 lo 7 ■ Wilbur batted for Myers in the ninth inning. RUNS AND HITS BY INNINGS. 123456789 Santa Clara o o 4 o o i i o o — 6 Base hits i o 2 o o 2 i i o — 7 Presidio o o o i o o 4 o o — 5 Base hits i o i 2 o o 4 o o — 8 Summary — Sacrifice hits — Duggan 2, Collins, Boyle. Three base hits — Feeney. Two base hits — Duggan, Cameron, Rice, Durfee. Innings pitched — Boyle 7. Wolters 2. Struck out— By Boyle 3, by Wolter 3, by Myers 11. First base on balls — Off Boyle 2, Wolter i, Myers i. Hit by pitcher — Wilbur. Passed balls — Conrad. First base on errors — Santa Clara 7, Presidio 3. Time of game — 2 hours. Umpire — Dr. Strong. Scorer— vShepherd. Santa Clara 7, Gantner-Matterns 3 The game was the collegians ' from the first inning on, and never were they in trouble for a moment till the finish of the ninth. It was Wolters for the College boys who was the feature of the game, retiring eight in the strike out order, while even the " Leaguers " were at his mercy. The College boys did their rallying in the second and seventh innings, when they bunched their hits, and runs as well. Feeney, Collins, Durfee and Sigwart figured more or less conspicuously for 372 THE REDWOOD the red and white, while Hamilton, Spencer and Buckley did clever work for the Frisco players. The score: SANTA CLARA GANTNER MATTKRNS AB R BH SB PO A K Feeney, 2b 3 i Duggan, ss 4 i Collins, c 4 o Russell, If 4 o Durfee, cf 3 i Byrnes, 3b 3 i Sigwart, lb 4 i Shafer, rf 4 i Wolters, p 4 I o 10 o I o I AB R BH SB PO A E Spencer, ss 5 o o o 2 3 o Hamilton, cf 4 i i o 5 o o Quigley 2b 4 o i o i 3 i b. Boetigger, ib. 401 0901 Byrnes, rf 4 o i o o o o O. Boetigger, If. .4 o o o i o o Buckley, c 3 i o i 4 i o Sears, 3b 4 o o i 2 3 4 Flynn, p 2 i i o o i i Smith o 000000 Totals 33 7 8 I 27 13 5 Totals.. 34 3 5 2 24 II 7 Smith batted for Flynn in the ninth inning. RUNS AND HITS BY INNINGS 123456789 Santa Clara o 3 o o o o 4 o — 7 Base hits o 3 o o i i 3 o — 8 Gantner Matterns ...000 10 100 i — 3 Base hits... 01000301 o — 5 Summary — Sacrifice hits — Duggan, Durfee. Struck out — By Wolters 8, by Flynn 3, First base on balls — Off Wolters 2, off Flynn 2. Hit by pitcher — Feeney, Buckley, Passed ball — Buckley. Left on bases — S. C. C. 7, G. M. 7. First base on errors — S. C. C. 2, G. M. 4. Time of game i hour 45 min- utes. Umpire — Hogan. Scorer — Shepherd. Santa Clara 7, Stanford O It was the third game of the series and a third victory for Santa Clara as well. Kilburn pitched his first game for the Col- lege and proved a veritable enigma to the Cardinal batters. He allowed but three infield hits, and sent eight men to the bench on strike-outs. In fact the Stanford men sent but one ball outside the infield and that was a fly to Durfee b} Chalmers. If this youngster keeps up his good work in the box, he will be able to hold his own against any college team. Sales of Stanford was touched for nine hits, two of which were home runs. Collins was Sales ' chief offender, securing three out of four. The Santa Clarans fielded in faultless style, Captain Feeney being the star of his team. He accepted seven chances, THE REDWOOD 373 stole two bases, made a pretty hit and scored two runs. Duggan and Shafer also distinguished themselves in the fielding line. Fenton for Stanford, played a great game at third, accepting nine difiicult chances with one error. Following is the score: SANTA CLARA vSTANFORD AB R BII SB PO A E AB R BH SB PC A E Feeney, 2b 3 i i 2 3 4 o Dudley, rf 2 o o o o o o Duggan, ss 4 i 10230 Trowbridge, ss. . .1 000031 Collins, c 4 032820 Fenton, 3b 4 o i o i 3 i Russell, If 4 000300 Presley, lb 4 o o o 17 o o Durfee, cf 4 i i o i o o Sales, p.... 4 021040 Byrnes, 3b 4 i o o i i o Bell, 2b i o o o o i i " Wolter, rf 4 i i 0000 Chalmers, If 2 o o o i o i Shafer, lb 3 o i o 12 o i Stott, cf 4 000430 Kilburn, p 3 i i o o 5 o Lewis, rf 2 000000 Luce,cf 3 o o o o o o Totals 33 7 9 42715 I Daly, 2b i o o o i 2 i Totals 28 o 3 I 24 20 5 RUNS AND HITS BY INNINGS 123456788 Santa Clara o 3 o o 2 o 2 o — 7 Base hits o 2 i o 4 o 2 o — 9 Stanford o o o o o o o o o — o Base liits i o o o o i o o i— 3 Summary— Home runs — Wolter, Duggan. Struck out — By Kilburn 8, by Sales 3. First base on balls — Off Kilburn 5, off Sales i. Wild pitch — Sales. Hit by pitcher — Trowbridge 2 , Chalmers. Double play — Fenton to Stott to Presley. First base on errors — S. C. C. 3, Stanford o. Time of game — 2 hours. Umpire — Maher. Scorer — Shepherd. Santa Clara 1, Stanford 4 With the score one all up to the first of the ninth inning a more interesting game of baseball could not be desired. It was a pitchers ' battle with honors about even, and both teams playing a steady game, until the ninth when the Collegians weakened, al- lowing the Cardinals to score three runs on a hit and several errors after two men had been retired. Feeney was obliged to leave the field in the seventh inning by receiving an injury in sliding to first. Shafer was called in from right field to fill the position. Duggan at short played a fine game, accepting twelve chances out of thirteen. Dudley for the Cardinals made a difficult running catch in right field. The score: 374 THE REDWOOD SANTA CLARA STANFORD AB R BH SB PO A E AB R BH SB PO A E Feeney, 2b 2 i i i i o o Bell, 2b 4 o i i 3 3 o Duggan, ss 4 o o o 9 3 1 Presley, ib 5 o o o 8 i 4 Collins, c 4 o I I 8 3 o Fenton, 3b 4 i o o i i o Russell,lf 4 000000 Colbert, cf 4 o i o o o o Durfee, cf 3 o o o 2 o o Sales, p 2 i 2 o o i o Byrnes, 3b 2 o o o i 2 i Stott, c 4 o o on 2 o Sigwart, lb 3 o o o 5 i 2 Dudley, rf 4 o i o i o o Sbafer, rf 2b . . . 3 o i o o i o Cadwallader, If . . 3 i o 3 i o o Boyle, p 3 o o o I I o Trowbridge, ss. . .4 123250 Wolters, rf i o i i o o o Totals 29 I 4 2 27 II 4 Totals 34 4 7 7 27 13 4 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 — I I I 0- -4 I 3- -4 2 3 I I- -7 Struck out- -By Sales 9, Boyle 8. First Hit by pitcher — Sales. Left on bases RUNS AND HITS BY INNINGS I Santa Clara i Base hits 2 Stanford o Base hits o Summary — Two base hits — Sales. base on balls — Off Sales 3, of-f Boyle 3. — Santa Clara 4, Stanford 7. First base on errors — Santa Clara i, Stanford 3, Time of game — i hour 50 minutes. Umpire — Concannon. Scorer — Shepherd. Santa Clara 8, Pensacola 4 ' Our meet with the sailors took us by surprise but we proved ourselves worthy of the occasion by landing a victory to the tune of 8 to 4. Barngrover had complete control of his benders for the first three innings, retiring the Collegians at ease, but in the fourth the merry-making was started by Duggan and continued in the fifth and sixth till the gong rang eight. Boyle for the College had fine control, keeping his hits well scattered and retiring ten in the strike out order. Captain Feeney ' s home run and Boyle ' s two bagger were the batting features of the game, while Duggan ' s sensational catch of a line drive in the sixth inning brought applause from the bleachers. Tom Kelley, a former Santa Clara baseball pitcher, operated the indicator during the game. The score: THE REDWOOD 375 vSANTA CLARA PENSACOLA AB R BH SB PO A E AE R BH .SB PO A E Feeney, If 4 2 2 o 2 i i Knowles, If 3 i o o o i i Duggan, ss 5 i 2 o 3 i o Constantine, ib. .4 i 2 o 9 2 i Collins, c 4 I 2 o 10 o o Fowler, cf 4 i i o o i o Shafer, 2b 4 000610 Kent,c 3 000810 Durfee, cf 3 i i o o o i Burke, rf .2 o o o o o i Byrnes, 3b 3 o i i i 3 i Jones, 3b 4 o i o 2 7 i Sigwart, ib 3 i o o 3 i o Shay, ss 4 o i o 2 2 i Kilburn, rf ...... 4 110200 Poole, 2b 4 i o o 3 2 i Boyle, p 4 I 2 o o 2 o Barngrover, p. . . .3 o i o o 2 i Laferty, 2b i o o o o o o Totals 34 811 I 27 10 3 " ■•■Westley i o o o o o o Totals 33 46 02418 7 Westly batted for Laferty in the ninth. RUNS AND PUTS BY INNINGS 123456789 Santa Clara o o o 2 i 5 o o — 8 Base hits o 0023510 -ii Pensacola o o o o o o 2 2 o — 4 Base hits o o i i o i 2 i o — 6 Summary — Home runs — Feeney. Two base hits — Boyle. Sacrifice hits Durfee. Struck out — By Boyle 10, by Barngrover 6. First base on balls — Off Boyle 2, off Barngrover 3. Double plays — Byrnes to Shafer. First base on errors — S. C. C — 3, Pensacola 2. Time of game — i hour 40 minutes. Umpire — Tom Kelley. Scorer — Shepherd. TKe Second Team The College baseball team cannot claim all the glory as their own. For while the first nine were engaged in defeating the Presidio team on the San Francisco green the second team ad- ministered a similar defeat to the High School players from Palo Alto by the score of 3 to i. " Spider " Brown who pitched for the Collegians had a world of speed and although he allowed eight hits, they were so scattered that the High School players were un- able to turn them into runs, save in the eighth inning when Pome- roy scored their only tally. The Collegians on the other hand secured but five bingles, though they were made at the proper time when hits meant runs. Feeney, Lappin and Callahan were all strong at the bat, while Shafer and Carew accepted many diflScult chances in the field without an error. 376 THK REDWOOD A return match at Palo Alto just a week later turned the tables for the High School men when they defeated the second team by the score of 4 to i. Up to the eighth inning both teams had been playing star ball, with the tallies one to nothing in favor of the Collegians. It was in the eighth however that the High School team gained their lead of three runs on two hits accompan- ied by several errors. The hits on both sides were very scattered the College nine securing five while the opposing team made four. The High School men found great diflSculty in connecting with the curves of the College twirler, sixteen of their men being benched on strike-outs. TKe Junior Team Baseball enthusiasm is not alone to be found in the first divis- ion, for the Juniors are in the game, and they have a team and record to make anj team feel proud of. On February 23 they defeated St. Ignatius nine by the score of 9 to 4 and clearly outplayed their opponents at every stage of the game. Being desirous of wiping out this defeat the St. Ignatius lads wished a return match which was planned for St. Patrick ' s Day. So on March 17 Captain Shafer ' s team journeyed to Recreation Park and the game was played before a large crowd of enthusiast- ic fans. The young Santa Clarans were again victorious, winning by a score of 13 to 9. The pitching of Leibert up to the eighth inning was a feature, allowing but one tally while the Santa Clarans secured thirteen. The followingis the Junior line-up: Pitcher, Leibert; catcher, Shafer, first base, Brown; second base, Watson; third base, Ivan- covich; short stop, Maher; fielders, Fisher, GilfiUan and Dunne. R. H. Shephkrd, ' 07, THK REDWOOD 377 FIRST HONORS FOR MARCH, 1905 BRANCHES SENIOR JUNIOK Philosophy of Religion J. Riordan R. Fitzgerald Ethics T. Leonard Mental Philosophy R. Fitzgerald Mathematics C.Russell Zlielil :t?i er Physics w. Blow M. Carter Chemistry J. Riordan F. Ivejeal, Political Economy J. Riordan F. de S. Ryan Advanced Literature J. McElroy J. Boschken Advanced History C. Russell L. Atteridge Oratory J. Ivancovich R. Fitzgerald, M. O ' Reilly SOPHOMOBE FttESHMAN Philosophy of Religion M. O ' Toole { ' Connon. " . . ' ' ' : ! ! . ' ! ! ! ' . . Latin H. de la Guardia Richard de la Guardia Greek H. de la Guardia Richard de la Guardia English Precepts, Author, | q, R. O ' Connor Literature and Composition . i Mathematics T. Donlon J . Hilario History and Geography C. Byrnes R. O ' Connor, J, D. Peters Elocution A. Aguirre I. Bogan, J. Jones st ACADEMIC 2nd ACADEMIC Christian Doctrine J. Daly, J. Hilario .A. Bunsow . . Latin H. Lyng A. Bunsow . Greek H. Lyng, J. Maher P. Wilcox . . English Precepts, Author andj . . Composition j - ' ' Mathematics A. Bunsow C. Mullen .. History and Geography M. Shafer, J. Zavalza F. Chandler Civil Government W. Hirst . . . Elocution J. Banting, J. Daly P. Wilcox . . Elementary Science J. Hilario, H. Ivers F. Chandler 378 THE REDWOOD 3rd ACADEMIC 4th ACADEMIC Christian Doctrine C. Dransfeld - W. Sweeney IvEtin C. Dransfeld I. Macmanus Greek C. Brazell S " r !!: : . ' ° ' ' . " ' }C-Drans T. Lannon Mathematics J. Irilarry E. Comyns, W. Walsh . History and Geography J. B. Arias W. Mudgett Civil Government J. B. Arias Elocution J- B. Arias A. Prindiville Orthography A. Jacobson 1st PBE-ACADEMIC 2nd PKE=ACADEMIC Christian Doctrine F. Manha E. Ladner °SpSmr . ' :f ' ' ! ° ' " ' }P- Varren E. Ladner , Mathematics F. Manha { f. ' ereirf ' ° " ' ' ' ' History and Geography A. Maderas J. A. Ivancovich Elocution A. Maderas E. Ladner Orthography . . . . F. Bazet J. A. Ivancovich SPECIAL CLASSES 1st SPECIAL 2nd SPECIAL Latin T. Donlon, L. Fairchild J. Hilario, J. Santos Greek T. Donlon, J. McKay, J. Seatou . . . A. Dolcini 1st Special English Composition H. Oswald 2d J. Hilario 3d ' " G. Boyle, G. Masterson COMMERCIAL CLASSES 1st BOOK-KEEPING 2nd BOOK-KEEPING 3rd BOOK-KEEPING R. Shepherd J. Maher V. Salberg THE REDWOOD BAD EYES I t That ' s what we are looking for. If you t have them " consult OSGOOD BALL I Manufacturing Opticians f 156 S. First Street. San Jose, Cal. t t — - — — — - — ____ ; Jacob Eberhard, Pres. and Manager John J. Kberhard, Vice-Pres. and Ass ' t Manager L Cberl ard Canniiig 0. Tanners, Curriers and Wool Pullers J Harness-Ivadigoaiid Lace Leather. Sole and Upper Leather, Calf, Kip and Sheepskins A Eberhard ' s Shirting Leather and Bark Woolskin t Santa Clara, _ _ _ . . California i ■ — - — - - - — — t Oeailers In and ifidoi s Tel. North 401 General mill rU santa clara, cal. ; ■ ■ t 4 It ' s of a different style from regular lines and with ns a specialty. That ' s why we have snch a big trade amongst the students. Come and see Carmichae!, Ballads Co., Outfitters for all Mankind = 55-61 South First Street SAN JOSE ♦ ► ■»-♦♦♦♦ »-»-» " »-»-» ♦ » ♦ » » ♦ ♦ ♦»♦»♦♦♦♦»♦»»♦»♦»»» 4. THE REDWOOD SifSirSir rSirSif r r© Sierra Glass Co Successor to MORETTI SAMMANN Hrt and Decorative 61a$s 225 teNt Street San Tramlsco, CaL 1 E)ii2:ene Dieteeen Co. £ MANUFACTURERS AND IMPORTERS OF Drawing Materials, Surveying TRY The AbIIcf Brand o! Fresh Frozen Oysters a »_IN TINS The M. B. Moraghan Oyster Co. I The Best :Kver Accept No Substitute §1 W I of Jill Hinds I I I PHOP E SOUTH 395 | I Mathematical Instruments | I I t§ §3 i| 14 First Street San Francisco (§ ___ ____ . _-. §3 d ' PACKl RS §j 380 BRANNAN STR35:eT, SAN FRANCISCO, CAI . THE REDWOOD REDINGTON Co. i I Wbolcsale Drugs ana ebemfcals I Patent medicines Drus ists Sunanes I fllasswarct $pongc$» 0bamoi$e Gallaghsr-Marsh. Businsss Collsge run GREAT SHORTHAND SCHOOI, 1 QUICKSILVER FOR SALE f €• |o % 23, 25, 27 and 29 Second Street, Corner Stevenson, San Francisco % ' I Bilmartin Company | I Printers, Statiomrs, Lithographers Blank Book manufacturers ? i Telephone Main 3131 15-19 First Street, San Francisco §3 » 2S ti " " " ' ' " 1382 Market Street I 0pp. Odd Fellows ' Building, San Francisco, Cal. §3 Why do all the Official Court Reporters of San Francisco, including ' % those of the Supreme Court of this State, advise young persons to attend ' S £§ GAIvIvAGHER-MARSH BUSINESS COLLEGE if they wish to become §3 £§ competent stenographers? Because they know it is the only college on the §] ( Pacific Coast where shorthand is properly taught. Are you going to gj [g follow their advice, or that of some person who may be interested in some J jS other business college, and who knows very little, if anything, about shorthand? By following the advice of experts you will become competent stenographic amaaaensis and success is assured, as there are no failures here. " There are no graduates of this college out of emplo3 ' ment and unable to d procure it. This is because of their high proficiency in shorthand, typing J t§ and bookkeeping. §) t§ Send for catalogue and read the advice of the experts. §] £§ §3 THE REDWOOD E. URBAN I MERCHANT TAII OR The Students ' Specialist. 911 Main Street, Santa Clara, San Jose Transfer Co. Moves Everything That is l oose Phone Main 78 Office — 62 East Santa Clara Street, San Jose A. S. BACON Is showing the Early Spring styles of Hanan Son s ' ' Best on Earth ' ' and the famous Fit-Easy Shoes The Patent Donkey Skins are guaranteed not to break $3 50 and $4.00 74 and 76 South First Street, ----- San Jose " Don ' t " Wurry Ring Up James 91 Century EUctrk Co. of San 3ose FRANK J. S0M:!5RS, Manager 30 S. MARKET ST. THE REDWOOD CHAS. A. BOTHWELL WATCHiES AND jew: i;ry Repairing at Right Prices Old Gold Taken in Exchange 112 South First Street, San Jose 6. Pefrano $ Sons 71, 73, 75 NORTH MAE.K:ET STE.: ]ST, SAN jos:i5, CAI,. Wholesale f Flour, Grain, Feed, Potatoes, Onions, Beans, Etc. Sole Agents for Port Costa Flour Mills Port Costa Flour has absolutely no equal. To Cret a Gi-ood Pen Knife OUT AN KI KCTRIC. Guaranteed to be as it ought to be. If it should not prove to be that we will be glad to exchange with you until you have one that is. t manicur: tooi s, razors 1 Guaranteed the same way. If you wish to shave easily, and in a hurry, get a Gem Safety " Razot, l The greatest convenience for the man who shaves himself. ♦ THB JOHN STOCK SONS, f Timraers, K.oofers and I»lunit ers Phone Main 76 71-77 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. I. RUTH GROCERJES AND DELICACIES Zi at s and Cobaceo Franklin Street, - - Santa Clara Cal. THEATRE JOSE t HOM] OF POIvIT: VAUDBVIIvIyB t 60-68 Soutli Second Street, - - . . San Jose Catering to Ladks and Children ONE MATINKE every afternoon. Doors open 2:30. Admission loc to any part of the house; children under 12 years 5c. Two matinees Sundays, 2:30 and 3:30 p. m. Evening performances 7:45 and 9:15 sharp. Admission, orchestra circle, 20c; balance lower floor and entire balcony loc. ■♦»»♦»♦»♦♦»»»♦ ♦♦ ♦»»»» » ♦♦»♦»■♦ » ♦♦ »-»-»-» -»-» " »-» ♦» ♦»♦♦♦»»♦»»♦♦• - - THE REDWOOD i H. E. WILCOX D. M. BURNETT ATTORNEYS AT LAW Rooms 19 and 20, Safe Deposit Building San Jose, Cal. A. Zellerbach Sons Importers and Dealers in Paper, Twines and Cordage Telephone, Private Exchange 14 416-426 Sansome Street, San Francisco F. A. ALDERMAN STATIONERY, BI ANK BOOKS, ETC. CIGARS AND TOBACCO All Kinds of Fountain Pens Next to Postoffice Baseball and Sporting Goods Santa Clara I MANUEL MELLO I Dealer in All Kinds of % I Boots and Shoes Telephone Clay 544 1084 Franklin Street, Pierce Block, Santa Clara M I Yollaiid pt StoPQ i 1 ]Pi©tupos ar d l ietup© Fparipqcj H 1 Houso Furi is}: ir|gs, F air|tirig aqd F apepir: g i Opposite Postoffiee, San a Olara i M. L e nzen 8 Son Co. i % ■-= . = i i I I Paints, Wall Paper, Window Shades I i Picture Frames, Etc. I H Papering, Painting and Decorating onr Specialty i 1 56 and 58 West San Fernando Street San Jose, Cal. [w THE REDWOOD i Painless Extraction Charges Reasonable 1 I DR. H. O. F. MENTON i J Telephone Grant 373 IS { Office Hours — 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. Rooms 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Bank Building, over Postoffice [W JSJI Most Modern Appliances Santa Clara, Cal. te) goldstein » Co. ' Costumers, Decorators and Theatrical Supplies 733 Market Street, opposite Grant Avenue, San Francisco Telephone Main 1615 Cbe Cargest and moBt Ectnplete 0ostume Ifoiise on tl)e goast Official Costumers for all Theaters in San Francisco, I os Angeles, Seattle and Portland, also Furnishers for Santa Clara Passion Play, Bohemian Club Open Air Festivals and Floral Carnivals on the Pacific Coast. Established 1881 Telephone Main 34 RALEY COMPANY GBNBRAIv COMMISSION MERCHANTS 4i i|i 4» Headquarters for Bananas 84-90 N. Market Street, San Jose, Cal. For Acetylene Gas Machines Phone Black 1482 yicnc vxas iviacnincs GO T ...■■ra Enterprise Manufacturing Co. 327-347 W. Santa Clara St., San Jose, Cal. We employ no agent, sell at bedrock prices. 10 to i5-light machine $40. Smaller and larger in proportion. I THE IRKDWOOD % c - (g (g - t ' -«: - - ' C - tg % - %-Q c - g ' as,ff enterprise Laundry Co. First Class Work Phone Grant 96 867 Sherman Street, Santa Clara of- Santa Clara. Groceries and Provisions Teas, Coffees, Flour Tinware, Agateware Feed, Potatoes Glassware, Lamps, Crockery Fancy Canned Goods Wood and Willowware J. W. BI ACK, Proprietor ' rF N " ORAVEVG- ' COMPANY ' = ' We design and engrave Ads, Book- lets, Catalogue Illustrations, I etter Heads, Cards Labels, Posters, etc. and we do it right. Ask for sug- gestions and prices. Sierra Photo Engraving Company, Inc. 334 Grant Avenue, San Francisco Phone Main 398 BBffiB FOR Duck Motor Cycles Bicycles, New or Second Hand Expert Guaranteed Repair Work All Kinds of Sundries and Supplies go to W. F. BRACHi R, 1000 Franklin Street, Santa Clara OBERDEENER ' S PHARMACY Eastman ' s Kodaks and Supplies Telephone Grant 471 1038 Franklin Street, Santa Clara © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © © THE REDWOOD V Office Hours — 9 a. m. to 12 m. and i to 5 p. tn. Phone White 961 v I DR. T. M. CARMICHAEL | f DENTIST I St. Luis Building 115 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. 3 I Our Free Delivery is at your Service Phone John 341 1 and We ' ll Come 3 BINGHAM BANTA COl UMBIA BICYCI B AGENCY Cyclers to the People 174 South Second Street, San Jose. I Young Men ' s Furnishings 9 And the New Fall Styles in neckwear, Boskr and Ghves | ¥oung men ' s Suits and Hats Now on Exhibition at O ' Brien ' s Satita 0lara» £08 mmmmnm mmmMhimmmimmimmi « BATHS lyAUNDRY OFFICB i THE OAK SHAVING PARLORS t J. D. ElylVIS, Proprietor 9 Barber to fbC CoSlege 1125 FrankUn Street, next to O ' Brien ' s, Santa Calra % 3 MILLARD BROS. Boolfs, Stationery and Fountain Pens 25-27 West Santa Clara Street San Jose, Cal. © ® ' ' ' ' y® ' ' ® ' £ ' ® ' ' ® ' ' ® ' ® ' ' i» ' ® ' ' ® ' i ' ® ' ® ' ® ' ' ' ® ' ' ' ® ' ' ® ' i ' ® ' ® " i ' ' ' ® ' ® THE REDWOOD i r==Jr=Jr=:ur==Jr== ur=Jr=Jr==Jn = rz= r =ur= r=Jr=Jr t Tell Eastern Friends of the low rates which will be made to California March 1 to May 15. 1905 $50.00 from NEW YORK $33.00 from CHICAGO $32. 00 from ST. PAUL $26.00 from KANSAS CITY L Similar rates from other points. Deposit cost of ticket with agent here, and ticket will be furnished passenger in the East. Tell your friends that now ' s the time to come cheaply if they buy their tickets via SoutKern Pacific ASK FOR PARTICUI.ARS PAUL SHOUP, D. F. and P. A., i6 S. First St., San Jose, Cal. THE REDWOOD F r=Jr=Jr=-if F= r= r= l " % IKX Spritid ' s Suits Co Order Smart Clothes - " - " - FOR th: - - - - Good Dresser We announce the arrival of our new Spring and Summer Goods. We liave paid particular attention to the wants of the College Student. Sole jRgetits for R s m. Ready to DUear Clotbing Pop ©aridiGS ar|d leQ ©PQaix) Tlr at ©arjnot be H:?5 ©elled OiL V SABiXA CLrARA I jl Delivered in Santa Clara and All Parts of San Jose. Z 1 THE REDWOOD I Kenmdp Drug Company I l Drugs Delivered to any part of the City Free. S :5 Telephone, Main 221 Porter Building, San Jose, Cal. J « (k I I Parlors - | § 978 Main Street, opposite Postoffice SANTA CIvARA, CAL- ' i i 9, I THE BAYWOOD STUD I i THE EUNGAI OW SAN MATEO, CAI,. f I I J- (Property of JOHN PARROTT, ESQ) | I I f Devoted Exclusively to the Breeding and Training of | f I I High Stepping I I Hackney-Bred I I Harness Horses | WAI TER S: AI,Y, Manager. I ■£ J. J. DEVINK B. J. DOUGHERTY i I tb Devim ' Doi gb rtp 0rocer Co, | resl) €gQS and Butter a Specialty ' I Satisfaction guaranteed and patronage solicited 52 Post Street, San Jose I,owest prices Phone Blue 201 f J. Q. ROBINSON I 4 PHARMACIST ' 4 i Pierce Block Santa Clara, Cal. ' k THE REDWOOD I n Emimss Craining | $ $ ' £ If you want a business education, attend a school £ I I I I whose teachers are experts in their particular line of work. The most practical and up-to-date methods of teaching are Gregg Shorthand and Ellis Book- keeping. Call and talk the matter over with us. wmmmmmmmmmmmmmmamt I I Sail 3o$e Business College Second and San Fernando Sts San Sose I Announcement The School that gets Results W. BOUCHER, Prin. £ . ) I e e THE NACE PRINTING COMPANY e S DESIRES toannounce that they have just added a MIEHLE CYLINDER PRESS to their already well equipped establishment in Santa Clara. The " Miehle " stands at the head of its class and the world over is recognized as the acme of perfection. vn £ We have also lately doubled our working space, which now covers an area of 2300 square feet. - You are respectfully requested to call and inspect our new quarters and up-to-date % iCc machinery. 4 y Z Estimates furnished on all classes of work, large or small. When you need c printing you need a PRINTER — we are ' it. " Respectfully j I NACE PRINTING COMPANY | f Phone Clay 574 Santa Clara, CaL THE REDWOOD 1 T. F. SOURISSEAU I manufacturing Jeufder and Repairing I I I m Badges and Class pins Jl Specialty ) • ' i 69K South First Street, ban Jose, Cal. $ • 51 Highest Price Paid for Old Gold and Silver. Phone Blue 203 $ I RELIABLE DRUGS f Remove your Corns with Baker ' s Corn Cure which is guaranteed I BAKER ' S PHARMACY •W Rea Building J Phone Jonn 331 117 West Santa Clara Street, San Jose " P Phone Main 218 Hours, 2 to 4 p. m. i DR. GEO. W. SEIFERT IJ PHYSICIAN, SURGEON AND OCULIST Ig Office and Residence— Letitia Building, 68 S. First Street. San Jose, Cal. g i FRED M. STEP " •g 40 East Santa Clara St., San Jose 1 Suit Cases, Grips, s D. L. DESIMONE CO. i U Harness, Whips, Robes, Blankets and Saddles i I Commission niercbants I !£ Wholesale Dealers in FRUITS AND VEGETABI ES j Telephone White 131 1 80 to 82 N. Market Street, San Jose JJ I ROLL BROS. t Real Estate and Insurance Phone North 60 Santa Clara, Calif THE REDWOOD SPECIALTIES Celebrated " Renown " Brand Baking Powder Coffees Green, Roasted and Ground Direct Importers of Teas Ruby Red Brand of Corn Strictly Pure California Olive Oil Pure Beeswax Candles Plain and Ornamental Stearic Acid Candles All Sizes Charcoal, Incense Eight Day Sanctuary Oil Wicks, Etc. A. J. RANKIN CO. Importers and Wholesale GEOCEES 302 Battery Street, San Francisco. Phone Main 1340 Cmnifigh m, Curtiss Wild) Sta tioners •«•• Printers, Booksellers 319 Sansome Stnet and Blank Book Manufacturers. = San Francisco Ml THE REDWOOD Have you ever experienced the convenience of a Ground Floor Gallery? 41 N. First St., vSan Jose The Most Elegantly Equipped Fotograf Studio in the City Special Rates to Students and Classes Newest Designs in Mounts Phone 151 East Estimates on old and new work George Having purchased the Plumbing and tinning Business -OF- J. H. SULLIVAN Respectfully solicits the old patronage and that of friends and acquaintances Batb tubs, Latest Sanitary JRppliances, Tine Plumbing Wateri l, Gas fitting, tinning. 70 E. SANTA CLARA ST., SAN JOSE THE REDWOOD llnllllllllM .lll lijllMlllilblMnlliluimilllllllnMlliilllMllllliillllMllil LlI J Phone Bxchangre 31 Telephones in all Rooms; Private Exchange. J. TURONNBT, Prop. LAMOLLE HOUSE Only First Class French Hotel and Restaurant on the Coast l uropean Plan. Corner Santa Clara and San Pedro Streets San Jose, Cal. THROPE The Photo Man Has moved to 42 S. First Street, San Jose A full line of Stationery and Kodaks Beautiful Easter Cards MRS. TAFFEE REAL ESTATE MOUNTAIN VIEW Property near the site selected for the new Santa Clara College. Register Buildingr Mountain View, Cal. Santa Clara College THB PIONBKR UNIVERSITY OF THB PACIFIC SI.OP:i This famous institution of learning, which is in charge of the Jesuits, has a reputation even in Europe for the completeness of its equipment and the thoroughness of its instruction. With most complete and appropriate accommodations in every department, and a full staff of professors, the institution offers uncommon ad- vantages for the mental, moral and practical training of young men and boys. FULIv PARTICULARS MAY BE OBTAINED BY ADDRESSING THE REV. R. E. KENNA, S. J. Santa Clara College Santa Clara, --.._. California %TrKnpn inp!iiiili; ,liihi[piiii ' F ' " iif|| " " f ii ' ' i ' ;!i» ' !P ' ifPiTipTiT7pTi ' iir iiih!i]yiiiin THE REDWOOD Importers of and Dealers in LAUNDRY SUPPLIES ■■ Just Received ! ! A large shipment of STUDENTS SUIT CASES Golf SbiHs and Si rins Underwear DROP IN AND EXAMINE THEM POME ROY BROS. Successor to W. K. JENKINES 114 and 116 S. First Street San Jose y THE REDW OOD FOSS HICKS Co. f t ' t ' ' i f ' - t t t f ' t f ' = t r tt f r ' t fi f ( r t r ' i t No. 45 West vSanta Clara vStreet SAN JOvSE. R eaJ state _JLoa n s Investments A select and up-to-date list of just such properties as the Ho me- Seeker and Investor wants. INSURANCE — Pi ' f ' ' i e, and Accident in the best Companies The Fullest Information Regarding All Lines of Business. Osborne Hall «« Santa Clara Cal. Cottage System A private Sanatorium for the care and training of children suffering from Nervous Disorder or Arrested Mental Development. Under the personal management of Aetrtm Edgar Osborne M. D., Ph. D. Formerly and for 15 years Superintendent ol the California State Institution for the Feeble Minded, etc. Accomodations in seperate cottages for a few adults cases seeking Rest Cure and treatment for drug addictions. Rates and particulars on application. He nMr TMf v nM vfl iM v l J% sniJf 3 n f nkJlf THE REDWOOD Phone Main 218 Hours, 2 to 4 p, m. DR. GEO. W. SEIFERT PHYSICIAN, SURGEON AND OCULIST Office and Residence — Letitia Building, 68 S. First Street. San Jose, Cal. I FLOWERS CHOICE FLO-WERS AT CHAS. C. NAVLET CO. Corner First and San Fernando Streets San Jose, Cal. Established 1875 Phone West 463 GEO. W. RYDER SON JBWBI 15RS AND SII Vl RSMITHS The tnost extensive and complete stock of NEW Fine Goods. 8 South First Street, Safe Deposit Building, San Jose, Cal, C THAT IS IN U ' R HAT Asrent for tlie Celebrated Knox Hat Telephone Black 393 T. MUSGRAVE CO. Watchmakers and Manufacturing Jewelers 2995 Sixteenth Street, San Francisco Chalices and Cilboriums made or repaired Class Pins, Medals and Sodality Pins made to order. Designs Furnished Seaside Store, Santa Crua S. I,EASK Santa Clara and Los Gatos CROSBY LEASK 276 Church Street N. Y. OFFICE Crosby Leask Dry Goods and Men ' s We ar « H»»« ««MNi ««M««« » « ««««l«««« M M«H 0 THE REDWOOD GALLAOHER BROS. Picture Framing Of Every Description 27 Grant Avenue San Francisco, Cal. i T. W. HOBSON CO. MEN ' S AND BOY ' S OENERAL OUTKITTERS Are now showing all that is the VERY LATEST in Suits Overcoats Turnislpings, Bats, Etc. We carry an ELEGANT LINE of Fleadp tC ' Weat, Dress and tuxedo Suits and all PROPER FURNISHINGS for them. Our Glove Department is loaded with the Correct Styles AT THE BUSY CORNER First and Post Streets, San Jose, Cal. Me ;¥ and Hlesattt Parlors Reduced Rates to Students and Societies ANDREW P. HILL, We make a SPECIALTY of getting our work out PROMPTLY, and it is aU finished here. Take the elevator at the Dougherty Building. No. 85 South Second Street. Old PbOtOS CopiCd THE REDWOOD AGENTS — — James A. Bannister Company Geo. G. Snow Co. A Ho-Ka $3.50 Shoe HOFF KAYSER POPULAR PRICE SHOES 95 South First Street ----- San Jose Phone, John ' 1231 COFP B ROASTERS TEA IMPORTERS WM. McCarthy co. COFFEE Teas and Spices 373 W. Santa Clara Street SAN JOSE, CAL. I 6 0 INTEREST ' Paid on Term Deposits Continental Building and Loan Association Apply to ROBERT A. FATJO A. F. KILL AM, Manager W. H. KILLAM, Secretary Kilkm Turniture Co. Telephones: Store Grant 575 Q■nfQ Pl-arsi Cc } f Res. Grant 504 oania v iara, v ai. I ROLL BROS. i Real Estate and Insurance J Phone North 60 Santa Clara, Calif . O ' CONNOR SANITARIUM . CSSSHSZBSJSX SISTERS OR CHARITY | Training School fos: Nurses In Connection i Race and San Carlos Streets SAN JOSE, CAL THE REDWOOD M C. F. Swift, President I eroy Hough, Vice President and Treasurer W. D. Dennett Secretary Directors— C. F. Swift, I eroy Houg-h, Henry J. Crocker, W. D. Dennett and Jesse W. I ilienthal CAPITAI, PAID IN $760,000.00 Western Meat Company Poris Packers atid Shippers of Dressed Eeef» tHutton atid Pork i Monarch and Golden Gate Brands Canned Meats, Bacon, Hams and Lard f Hides, Pelts Tallow, Fertilizer, Bones, Hoofs, Horn, Etc. T Packing House and Stock Yards Distributing Houses . m South San PYancisco, San Mateo Co., Cal. San Francisco, Oakland, San Jose, Sacratnento m Cable Address STiEFAST, San Francisco Codes A I. A B. C. 4th Edition GENBRAI, OFFICE: Sixth and Townsend St., San Francisco f J LAUNDRY SUPPLIES AND SPECIALTIES j I Troy Laundry Machinery Co.Ltd i 581-583 Mission Street, San Francisco, Cal. Telephone Main 5007 PAINI BSS DENTISTRY Moderate Chaa:g:e Guaranteed Work Prices—Gold Crowns, Porcelain Crowns, Bridge work, Set of Teeth, 5. Gold Fillings, $1.00 up. Painless Extraction, soc. f Phone East 302 (German Spoken; DR. MAX WASSMAN, Mgr. mmm BENTAI go., 26 % First street Phone East 302 (German Spoken) DR. MAX WASSMAN, Mgr. THE REDWOOD HninniiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiinnnniniiiniiiiiimiimnuiiiiniuuHimiiniinninniiiiiiiuiiiiiiiinniinnniiinniiM 5 Organs and Small Instruments Talking Machines, Phonographs and Records S =: Sheet Music Piano Players =: I C. S. ENGLE I i HIGH GRAD = 56, 58, 60 Bast Santa Clara Street, San Jose, Cal. = 2 Over twenty years ' experience with leading Manufacturers. Ten years with Steinway Sons, New York, S S Kxpert Tuning and Repairing a Specialty. Satisfaction Guaranteed. Telephone James iiqi S Eyes Itch, Blur, Smart or Burn? | GEORGE MAYERI E ' S EYEWATER = = Clears misty or blurring eyes, strengthens weak eyes, cures painful, itching, dis- E charging, injured, twitching or sore eyes or eyelids and floating spots, feeling like sand E = in eyes; rests tired eyes. At reliable druggists or direct from George Mayerle. E E German Expert Optician. 1071 Market street, San Francisco. 50c; by mail 65c. E = Money order. No stamps. E 5 George Mayerle ' s Antiseptic Eyeglass Wipers give clear vision. Two for 25c. S I GEORGE MAYERLE 1 S German Expert Optician S I 107 1 J Market Street, San Francisco. Phone South 572 | I G. p. WRIGHT Phone Green 602 T. H. WRIGHT | I Wright Hardware Co. | I stoves, Ranges, Hardware, Crockery s s Pocket Knives and Razors all Guaranteed. E E 35 South Second Street San Jose, California E |S PO RTI N Gi I GOODS I I Baseball Supplies | I Athletic Suits and Uniforms I 538 GOLGHER GO. MARKET I Factory — 24 Second St. E San Francisco i qiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiuiiiiniiiHiiiwiiiininniuiriiiiiinnuiniiiiiHiuiiniKiiiiuHiiuuiiuiiiuiiiiiiiiiuiiiuiHiiuiiuiiu THE REDWOOD diiiiiiiiigiumuniiiiniiiiimiMiiituiiniiiniiiuuiiiinniiniiiiiiniiiiiuiiiniiiiiniiiininiiininiiiiiiiiu = We ' ve picked out a larger nest at 5 I 22 POST STREET } = right next door. The moment we ' ve settled we ' ll = = hatch some further stunts in = I Good Underwear 1 I Natty 1905 Bathing Suits | I Knitted Waists, Jerseys, Sweaters I I IT»I I BE " DIFFERENT | I fnTrnm r " " ' Reduced Prices on All Goods | i yCtitt l i ' 30 POST below KEARNY f I TJlatterti C " francisco, cai. | We Make a Specialty I OF I Boy ' s and Youth ' s Clothes | The entire second floor of our Palatial new = store is heavily stocked with a peerless line of = Young Men ' s College Suits and Top Coats for i Spring wear, cut in the same swell models as = our Men ' s Clothes and priced at lower figures = than ever named for like high class goods. = OUR SHOE AND FURNISHING DEPART- | MENTS — You ' ll find headquarters for the best = class of goods ever placed on sale in this cit5 = It will Pay You to " Get to Know Us " I I J. J. GILDEA CO. I I 1028-1030 IVIarket St., between Powell and Mason Sts., San Francisco, Cal. | iiniiiHiinniiuiiiniiimuuinniniiiiiiiiiiiMiiiinnuiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiniiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiimiiiinii THE REDWOOD General Cottnnissioii Ulerebatits • " ff mis and Fr cliice Phone John 651 26 and 28 North Market Street, San Jose O ' BRIEN SPOTORNO WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN Poultry and €ame, Sutter Cheese and Eggs STALLS 3, 4, 5, 6, 37, 38 and 39 CAiifOilNiA IVfAHKET California Street ntratice. San Francisco, Cal. D. QUILTS J- BSTABl ISHEB 1871 The Prince of Tailors Full and Complete I ine of Woolems of the I atest Patterns Always on Hand STUDENTS!! If you wish to rank among the well dressed drop in 48 Sooth first Street San Joss, California S)®®®®®®®(sxs)(i)@( THE REDWOOD S)®®(S)®(§XgKl)®«®(i)®®®(S)( JJmerkan and Pacific Coast M i BHsamgina EsmaMiieiBHim Biscuit Company 44 MmtritaW llseuits M, A. HARMS, Agent Telephone John ii io8 Auzerais Avenue Residence James 1 1 San Jose. Saqta ©lapa. Valloy j ill ar:|d Lurqbep ©o. SAN JOSE, CAL. IDoalors iT F QclWood aqd Opogoq F ir|Q Lunqbop. ll I iqds of Mill Wop] . Wir e arjd Watop Taql s n SpsieialiTi:] SAN JOSE OFFICE: SAN FRANCISCO OFFICE: 125 E. San Fernando St. Phone Main 17 802 Mutual Bank BIdg. Phone Main 845 KS)®®®®®®®($)®(S)®®( C at K o VAI.K (Poem) - - - - - LL.P., ' o8 379 I deas in Criticism - - Henry de la Guardia, V7 380 Mary ' s Month (Sonnet) - Richard A. de la Giiardia, ' 08 389 The Tapestry Princess Martin V, MerUy Jun. Spec. 390 The Dying I,IGHT (Poem) - - Emmett Doherty, ' 08 395 A Summer Idyl (Poem) - - Gerald Beattmont 395 Principle of Life - - - John O. McElroy, ' 05 396 De Profundis (Poem) - Anthony Diepenbrock, ' 08 400 Realism in Euripides - - Charles Byrnes, ' 07 401 Parting (Poem) - - Richard A. de la Guardia ' 08 406 The Give- Away - - - Ivo G. Bogan, ' 08 407 A Memory (Triolet) - - Clem P. Kilburn ' oS 413 A Day of Horrors - - - Ray Hicks, ' 7 414 Editorials: The Aeroplane " Santa Clara " 420 A Daring Aeronaut 421 The Aeroplane Supplement . . - - 421 Good-bye - - - 422 College Notes 423 AuLD Lang Syne - 428 Athletics - 429 Nace Printing Co. Q5N?Q H |b;}LABgj Santa Clara, Cal Fhaio bv Bushnell THE RHDWOOl) STAFF 1 Michael K. O ' Reilly, Business Manager. 2— John W. Byrnes, Executive Board. 3--Franci-i Floyd-Jones, lu the I.itiary. 4— Ralph C. Harrison, college Notes. s—Maitin V. Merle, Piesident of Executive Board. 6 — Joseph R. Curley, Assistant Business Manager. y—Angelo Quevedo, Assi.stant Bu.siness Manager. 8— Michael O ' Toole. Exchanges. 9— Robert Shepherd, Athletics. lo-George A.Casey, Executive Board, n— Thomas J. I eonard, Assistant Business Manager. i3--Robeit Y. Hayne. Alumni. Enigred Dsc. iS, it s, at Santa Clara, Calif, as second-class mattur, under Act of Congress « March j, 11879. Vol. IV. SANTA CLARA, CAL., MAY, 1905. No. 8 VALE! ' is hard io pari iih iho2e we love To sever ties ihai hind us — To meet and greet old friends no more, i nd feel at last When all is der, hak only in the treasure-store .X)f each sad heart, Jiepose the memories of the past. €■ - - ' 08. 38o THH RiiDWOOD IDEAS IN CRITICISM Criticism has been defined as " an endeavor to determine what it is that makes literature pleasing and, therefore, good. " There is a great deal of wisdom in this definition, if properly explained; but a real definition should be self-explanatory, and this is not. It would be evidently wrong to raise a doubt about the reasonableness of the claim, that literature, to be literature, should please, but to set the " pleasing " down as a standard, is, to put it mildly, apt to mis- lead. Much may be said on this subject, too much in fact for the present essay; but a lew considerations will convince the reader that there is here no attempt to discard the pleasing. The sole purpose is to guard against the extreme. For if the " pleasing " is to determine the " good, " what is the " pleasing? " For that which pleases me, may displease others and vice versa. There are in man various faculties or capacities; sense, fancy, intellect and heart are the main and, in some regards, the only recipients of pleasure. Must literature, to be good, ad- minister pleasure to all, or now to one, now to another? There is a certain jealousy among them; the intellect objects to the pleas- ures of the sense; the heart rebels against the imagination; while the imagination tries to monopolize all the pleasures obtainable. It seems but a reasonable deduction, therefore, that, if pleasure be a determining fact or in our study of literature, criticism is a matter of personal taste, a relative something depending on an individ- ual ' s inclinations, whereas it should be poSvSible to establish an absolute standard, something that will stand by itself, independ- ent of personal, national or historical prejudices. Is Milton ' s " Paradise Lost " good because it pleases? If so, I would ask, " be- cause it pleases whom? " The fact is that very few read the mighty Epic simply because they find no pleasure in it, it is too ponderous, too deep, too organ-like to appeal to any but the few, — very few now-a-days- — who are famihar with the Ancient Classics. And then again, when this great masterpiece was finished, none was there to do it honor, because it pleased none. Not until the age of Dryden was it placed among the English Classics and given credit for " having other merit than length. " THE REDWOOD 381 " But, " some may urge, " it would have pleased if there had been intellects capable of accompanying the bard on his lofty flight. " We are not asking what it wouldh. sr done; the fact is, it did not please, and so, it was not good, according to the principle that " literature is pleasing and therefore good. " And what about the Ancient Classics? Give me the man that revels in the beauties of Greece and Rome, and I will wear him in my heart ' s core. Some there are who find the Classics pleasing, but we underlings have to take it on authority, that the ancient literature is good. For the above and kindred reasons, an essay was one time written and published in the Redwood in which it was maintained that criticism should be " an endeavor to find out what it is that makes literature good aud, therefore, pleasing. " A slight controversy arose, and in deference to weighty authorities on the other side, the matter was dropped. In itself, how- ever, the subject is an interesting one and may be approached in a manner that is free from danger. When one formulates his own opinions, he exposes himself to attacks; when he appeals to author- ity, as the present writer intends to do, he has against all who may criticise, this powerful retort, " Thou canst not say I did it! " And the greater the authority, the more secure is the w riter from objec- tion and contradiction. In the matter of criticism there are many Masters, agreeing one with the other on some fundamental points, but varying, as a rule, in accidental considerations. It is a singular fact that the further back we go, the sounder and clearer the doctrine. It re- sembles very much an access to the source of a mighty river. Lit- erature is a mighty river broadening and deepening ever, but not always becoming more pure. Naturally, therefore, it is purest at its source. ' ' De Arte Poeticd " of Horace, considered as a treatise in poetry on its prime significance, has never been improved on; Cicero ' s ' De Oratore ' covered the whole field of eloquence, as such; and though there have been new features introduced, new fields opened, the fundamentals remain, for the most part, undis- turbed. One feature there is, however, of an altogether radical kind; it is that to which Wordsworth beautifull) ' - alludes in his sonnet on Art: 382 THE REDWOOD " When He Who wore The crown of thorns around His bleeding brow Warmed our sad being with celestial light, Ihen Arts which still had drawn a softening grace From shadowy fountains of the Infinite, Commun ' d with the Idea face to face; And move around it now as planets run, Each in its orbit round the central Sun. " The allusion is of course to Christianity and, needless to say, most critics admit the truth of the assertion. Returning then to the former metaphor, we find two distinct sources in the ' ' world- wide river " of literature, the pagan source, and the Christian source. To us it seems that Christianity purified, enriched, en- nobled, rendered beautiful and health-giving the entire stream by its vivifying influence, and therefore, we are going back for our " Ideas in Criticism " to one of the original expounders of Chris- tian Truth, We are going back to St. Basil with the intention of drawing from him an answer to the question: What is literature? Basil is a man of all others capable of answering with author- ity, because he stands on equal heights with the greatest of the Masters. Edward R. Maloney in a tastefulty edited text of the " Address to Students on the Right Use of Pagan Literature, " (American Book Co.), has a number of celebrities quoted, whose authority ought to have some weight in preparing the reader to accept the doctrine of Basil with more than passing thought. We shall give some few opinions: Thilotheus, patriarch of Constantinople, tells us, it is pecu- liar to him (Basil), that he so subtly penetrates, searches, adjusts and treats of the most sublime and intricate speculations of theol- ogy as at once both to inform the mind, and move the passions; that he seems to speak nothing but life and to breathe a soul into the dullest argument he discourses of. And Photius, one of Phil- otheus ' s predecessors in that see, a man, if any other, able to pass sentence in these matters, says of him, that for the persuasive and panegyrical way of discoursing, no other pattern need be set; no, not that of Plato or Demosthenes themselves, though so much ad- mired and magnified by the ancients. Erasmus prefers him before the most famed orators of Greece, in whom he finds something THE REDWOOD 383 short of him. ' Pericles spoke like thunder, but it was without art, Lycias evaporated into emptiness and subtlety; Isocrates lost the native grace of speech by too affected periods; and Demosthenes himself, besides other things, had this fault, that his compositions were too forced and elaborate. Whereas in this great man (Basil) neither art nor nature, neither study nor exercise were wanting to render him most accomplished. ' Again the famous Trapezuntius undertaking to translate Basil ' s works into Latin, was forced to give up in despair because ' the Roman tongue wanted something to reach the elegancy and ornaments of Basil ' s language. ' " The praises thus lavished on Basil by his admirers may be considered excesssive; but all will admit that he was a prince in the wide realm of letters, and as such, deserves an attentive hear- ing. Many points of importance could be gathered from his writ- ings, but I am forced to confine myself to three general headings. I. Literature, a ineans, not an End. There has been untold confusion in criticism because of ignor- ance of or unwillingness to admit fundamental principles. Litera- ture has been made a goddess by modern glow-worm dispensers of light, it has been given supreme honor, it has been made an object worthy of supplanting religion and philosophy and science. What place should it hold in our estimation? " We believe, " says Basil in his address to the students at Antioch " that man ' s life upon earth is of no real value in itself, and on that belief we found our appreciation of things generally. Hence we esteem not the parade of ancestry, nor strength of body, nor beauty, nor riches, nor regal power, no, nor the sum total of all that man naturally craves for. These things are but means; Heaven, towards which we tend hopefully, is the goal, and in the light of that goal we apprize the things of earth. What is calculated to help us, we embrace as good; what would retard us, we reject as worthless. " Siich is the fundamental principle of Basil ' s criticism whether literary or otherwise. There is wisdom in it or wisdom is an un- known quantity. In that opening paragraph of his great address he resembles a skillful pilot in a storm-whipped sea, who appeals to his subordinates in this fashion: " Yonder lies the port which you must reach or perish. Keep nothing on board that will retard your 384 THE REDWOOD progress. Baggage and fuel, food and precious belongings must be sacrificed if they are hindrances. The desire to reach the haven must gauge your actions! " After the general maxim is well explained, Basil delays at some length on the reasonableness of the idea: " All the pleasure of earth from the beginning of time, all that there is and all that there will be of happiness and contentment and exaltation of spirits, is as nothing when compared with the smallest particle of Heaven ' s bliss. Between the pleasures of earth and of Heaven there is a difference similar to that which exists between shadows and substances, dreams and realities. " But where is the criticism? The foregoing is a sermon. Not altogether. Listen further. " The greatest work in literature is the Bible. It teaches us through mystical language the most im- portant lessons of life. But because we need a penetrating mind to sound the depths of the Sacred Scriptures, it is useful to exercise ourselves in other writings, with the purpose of acquiring skill and understanding. Just as the military cadet practices long and diligently to acquire grace in hand and foot motion, before he enters into the actual encounter, so we, who have the greatest of all combats before us, must prepare ourselves strenuously for the fray, must be familiar with the poets, the historians, the rhetori- cians, with all in fact, from whom it is possible to acquire that which helps us to understand and appreciate the meaning of life. If we are to prepare our minds for the glorious impress of the Beautiful, so that when once received it will remain indelible for all time, we must imitate the action of the dyer, who prepares his cloth by diverse treatments before he makes the impression. Our preparation consists in the study of literature as such; then we are ready to understand the sacred and hidden lessons of Scripture. The process is much the same as gazing on the sun reflected in the water and then turning to behold the light itself. " Pagan literature, therefore, of which Basil is speaking, or literature as such, for the two terms are convertible, is a good preparation for something higher. What is that something higher? The Beauty and the Truth of Christianity, unfolded in the Bible. Is that idea compatible with Arnold ' s " Sweetness and Light? " Yes, if there is reference to the saying of the Savior. " My yoke THE REDWOOD 385 is sweet and my burden lights But everybody knows there is no such reference in modern criticism. According to this there is something in literature that is pleasing, which makes it good, and therefore it is an end to be sought for in itself, some- thing that imparts sweetness and light by itself. Not so St. Basil; " There is nothing true but Heaven, " is his fundamental dogma. Literature is good because it helps us towards this end, and, we may add, it is therefore pleasing. If Basil had to do with a man like Shakespeare, his criticism would be identical. He would have told his students to cling fast to that sweet bard because he was, in man} ' - points, Christian, be- cause his inspiration was Christian for the most part; but he would have guarded them even here against acquiescence. Desde- mona, Ophelia, Olivia, Viola, your ideals of womanhood! " Non- sense, " he would have exclaimed; " seek your ideals in Scripture, in the woman without stain " ; and so on with the rest. II. The relation betzveen th e True and the Beautiful. August Birrell, in his essay on Browning, has this to remark: " Let us be Catholics in this great matter, and burn our can- dles at many shrines. In the pleasant realms of poesy no liveries are worn, no paths prescribed; you may wander where you will, stop where you like, and worship whom you love. Nothing is de- manded of you, save this, that in all your wanderings and wor- ships you keep two objects steadily in view— two, and two only, Truth and Beauty Unfortunately all are not Catholics in this matter. Some identify the two ideas, some divorce them, some make Truth dependent on Beauty, others make Beauty dependent on Truth. And have we not right here another way to putting the question which underlies this present essay? Is literature a beautiful expression of the true? or is it a truthful expression of the beautiful? Let us hear St. Basil. His custom is, in circumstances of this nature, to use siniilies. The following is an example. ' lih- property of a tree is to bear fruit in due season and yet, as in the nature of things a certain ornament is added, the green foliage clothing the branches and protecting the fruit; so also in the soul, — Truth is the essential property, though it may be clothed, and colored and enriched by that accidental quality which we call Beauty. " 386 THE REDWOOD There is a whole treatise in the above quotation, if grasped in the fullness of its meaning. Truth is the essential quality of the soul, or rather, of the intellect which is one of the chief powers of the soul. The intellect reaches out for Truth, hungers after it, rests only in its possession, because then only has it reached its proper end. Still it is not unbecoming to clothe Truth with Beauty. Then it is a jewel set in gold, valuable in itself, ren- dered dearer to us by reason of its setting. The only difficulty is that we must not judge by the setting alone. There are Dead Sea apples and counterfeit jewels that p ease the eye, but that are not good. This in general. How does Basil apply the idea to literature? By another simile. " Some enjoy flowers by reason of their sweet scent and brilliant colors; the bee gathers the honey not from all flowers indiscriminately, — the color counts not with him, — nor does he sip all that the flower contains; but passing from one to another, he gathers what is useful and leaves all else. So should we gather what we w ant, i. e. Truth, without any particular concern about color or odor, or any other accidental quality, unless it be connected with the object of our quest. We must pluck the rose, to use another comparison, and avoid the thorns, take what is useful and reject all else. " III. Wkat is Truth f No one can deny the importance of the above ques- tion, if Truth is, in any way, to enter into the concept of literature. ' Beauty is Truth; Truth is Beauty. " That is one way of putting it and there is much wisdom in the saying; but I would plead for a distinction: Beauty is Truth and vice versa in their Source, which is God; but in the reflections this is not the case. St. Basil implies that Truth is to be found in Christianity alone; what he means by Truth may be gathered from his justification of the study of Pagan Authors. We study them because, " many of the poets are teachers of virtue: Hesiod encourages those who are traveling the narrow path of rectitude; Homer shows that vir- tue and honor may be retained when all material possessions are lost; Solon values moral goodness above riches; Theognis despises wealth; Prodicus tells how Hercules chose between Virtue and Vice. " Such is Truth according to Basil, found only dimly in the ancients, found in its fullness in the Holy Scripture. THE REDWOOD 387 Basil never loses sight of his fundamental principle, that man is tending towards God. If he would define Truth, " it is that toward which we tend; God is Truth, Still whatever helps us along the way is in like manner worthy of the same appellation ; while that which retards us is falsehood. " This may appear to some to be a confusion or a co-mingling of two ideas, " the True " and " the Good. " Basil in a certain sense does actually identify them, having for his justification the fact that Truth and Goodness are identified in their Source, and the further fact that the author of evil is the father of lies. Let us listen to some of his explana- tions. " It is related of Hercules that in his youth he was one time deliberating within himself, which of the two paths he would enter upon, the one leading through difficulties to virtue, or the easy one that led to wickedness. Suddenly there stood before him (he is quoting from Prodicus) two women of different aspect. The first was attired in costly raiment, her countenance was beautiful, she abounded in perfume, and her retinue was made up of all the pleasures. Her name was Vice. She showed the young Hercules her manifold pleasures and coaxed him to follow in her path. The other matron was of humble mien and with a look of earnestness in her eyes she spoke to the youth in strains like these: ' There was to be no indulgence, no mirth, if Hercules fol- lowed her; on the contrary there would be much labor and toil and danger, but the reward was great; he would become a god! The latter ' s name was Virtue and Hercules followed in her path. " But Basil is not satisfied with this separation of Virtue from happiness and pleasure; he claims that the happiness of Virtue is real, while that of Vice is deceitful. To illustrate his idea he quotes from Hesiod: " The road that leads to Vice is strewn with vain And tempting pleasures; but it ends in pain. Where Virtue dwells the gods have placed before The dropping sweat that springs from every pore, And ere the foot can reach her high abode. Long, rugged, steep the ascent and rough the road. The ridge once gained, the path so hard of late Runs easy on and level to the gate. " I could go on indefinitely quoting similar passages but it is 388 THE REDWOOD not surprising to find moral teaching in Basil. What ought to in- terest lis is that he is, as I remarked before, identifying the " True " and the " Good, " that he is endeavoring to show that Beauty, which is, at times, connected with the untrue and with evil, is not Beauty. Briefly his doctrine is: All that isfbeautiful and true and good in this life is what helps us towards the next; that which does not help us is neither beautiful (except in appearance as was the im- personation of Vice) nor good, nor true. Virtue then is Truth; Virtue in its most comprehensive form. What then is to be thought of literature that deals with vice, as for instance, the delineation of a villain in tragedy? Basil tells us that we may gain by way of contrast. What is to be thought of literature that mixes the good with the bad? We must imitate the bee, sip the honey and leave the poison. What of literature that is vicious altogether? We must spurn it as worse than worthless. Of course some may think that this is the teaching of Basil the Saint. Be it so, it was sanctity that sharpened the in- tellect of the man, it was sanctity that threw the light on things and persons and it is for his sanctity that we should revere him and heed his doctrine because the learned Saint is the real author- ity. He is the high priest of the Beautiful, the True, and the Good, be can tell us, as no one else can, the value of things generally and the meaning of life in particular. If then we ask ourselves: " What is literature? " (it was for the answer of this question that we were in quest), we find this: ' ' Lit- erature is the beautiful (or the pleasing) expression of the True, " understanding by the True, all that enables man to attain his end. A certain Mr. Arthur Machen, an English Protestant of great re- pute, has recently published a book called Hieroglyphics, and in this book he goes so far af to define literature thus:- " Literature is the expression, through the aesthetic medium of words, of the dogmas of the Catholic Church and that which in any way is out of harmony with those dogmas, is not literature. " He adds among other things: " To make literature, it is necessary to be, at all events, sub-consciously Catholic. " That is precisely what Basil the Great would have us believe, for Basil was a Catholic, and in his allusions to Christainity, he means Catholicity. He NRY DK I.A GUARDIA ' 07. THE REDWOOD 389 MARYS MONTH Wa z (son net) HO U fa: rest Lily, ' peerless Queen of May. ' For tliee the gladsome earth and heavens meet Thy r iystic purity to hail and greet Willi boundless joy, each new-horn Summer d.ay; To thee eaxh bird repeats it ' s happy lay, And smiling rlowers twine around thy feet, Scenting thy glorious shrine with perfume stveet, While all the stairs to thee their tribute pa y; Their azure mt.antle offer thee the skies And spread about thy throne clear pearls of dew: The summer moonlight with the svinbeam vies To render at thy feet the honor due: A nd we, thy sons, shall gather at thy shrine Oti-r love to give thee, for our hearts are thine. Til chard A. de la Guard :a, ' o3. 390 THE REDWOOD " THi: TAPESTRY PRINCESS ' A FANTASY The king ' s fool studied his reflection in the pool, as he fed crumbs of cake to the gold fish that played and darted in the basin of the fountain. The basin was shallow, and a soft breeze rippled the water into tiny waves, and made the reflection of the fool gro- tesque. He dangled his motley over the edge of the basin, and gazed at his features intently. Then, though his eyes contin- ued to rest on the water, his mind wandered away to thoughts of other things than himself, and presently his lips parted trembling- ly as he softly whispered to the sparkling spray: " If she were a living thing, how I should love her! " A rose petal floated past on a ripple, and his eyes blinked feebly as he came to himself again. Then the fool sighed and rose abruptly. He looked through the shrubbery to where the amber sun was softly setting, and he heard the distant tingle of a troubadour ' s mandolin. He shrugged his shoulders not meaningly, and then impatiently moved away toward the terrace. The King ' s fool was a goodly-looking man of rather short statue, but of strong physique, and a face that was merry and sad at will. He mounted the terrace and entered the palace. It was twi- light, and the birds were singing their good-night songs to the the blossoms. The air was heavy with the perfume of the roses that scattered and tangled in the vines on the terrace and climbed to the casements. The palace was quite still the King having gone with his court to the hunting lodge a few miles away, to spend a week with the stag. On a plea of illness the fool was left behind. The King ' s fool gazed stealthily down the corridor that led to the tapestry throne room, and his eyes pierced the dying light as he made sure that no one was about. Tip-toeing his way over the soft carpet he reached the door of the throne-room, and slowly drew it open. The room was almost dark, save at one end where a purple light streamed through a tall, Gothic window. The fool THE REDWOOD 391 cautiously entered the room, and dragged the heavy door behind him. Then he looked about him, and shuddered, for the room was cold in the fading light. It was a spacious apartment for ' twas here that Louis some- times held his court. Heavy oak beams composed the ceiling, from which were suspended chandeliers of dull, grey silver. Opposite the window with the purple light, stood the throne-chair on a dias raised slightly from the floor. Almost beside the throne, support- ed between two velvet panels, hung a tapestry of ' wondrous skill. The tapestry represented a grove and a fountain, not unlike the one in the king ' s garden, and perched on the edge of the basin was a beautiful girl with hair of threads of gold. She was dressed all in white, and the soft, pale tints of the back-ground fitted closely about her. She was feeding the gold fish in the pool, just as the King ' s fool had done. The room was otherwise unusual, though picturesque. The King ' s fool trembled as he made his way across the room to where the light played spiritously on the tapestry. His heart fluttered slightly as he reached the throne, and stood before the picture. A nightingale whistled a song at the casement, and vied with the voice of the troubadour in the distance. The light was almost blue now, and the heat of the flower ' s perfume was the only thing that warmed the room. A great red rose nodded gently in the breeze at the window, and the King ' s fooUbroke it from the stem. He kissed its petals where the tears of the night air lay, and softly dropped it at the foot of the tapestry. Then he smiled a sad, sweet smile, and crept up to the throne. He perched himself on one side of the great chair of state, and sinking his chin in his hand, he let his elbow rest on the carved griffin ' s head, and sitting thus, he gazed long and wistfully at the Princess in the tapestry garden. The light in the window fell lower. A hush spread over the outside world, and the lips of the King ' s fool melted apart, as he whispered low to the rose on the floor, " If she were a living thing, how I should love her! " The troubadour ' s song had floated away, the light in the win- dow was gone, and the day was done. A chill breeze crept through the open w ' indow, and the King ' s 392 THE REDWOOD fool drew his foot up under him. His right leg dangled just above the dias, and something touched him lightly on the ankle. He started up and looked about him. The great oak chamber was dark and cold, and a mist hung over the world outside. He gazed down fearfully to the foot of the throne, and heard a soft, thin breath before him. Then slowly the darkness lifted, and the King ' s fool saw the Princess of the tapestry sitting there lightly on the step of the throne. In her hand she held the rose he had plucked and she seemed to be sad and cold. A shudder passed through the jester ' s frame, as he hoarsely whispered, " Where have you come from, mistress? " She laughed a low soft laugh, and nodded her head toward tapestry. From the fountain, there, in the garden, " she said. " The sun was gone and the air grew chill, and I came into this great dark room to warm myself. " The fool ' s heart burned with a lingering fire, as he gazed at the princess. Then, as she seemed to shiver from the cold, he slipped from the chair, and knelt near the edge of her sweeping white garment. " You are cold, Princess, " he said, " may I offer you this? " He unfastened a small cloak from his shoulders and held it out to her. She arose majestically, and her eyes lingered on his for a mo- ment, as she softly replied, " You may give me the cloak, fool, and then tell me who you are. " He murmured a prayer and handed the cloak to the Princess. Then offering her his hand he gently said, " Come, mistress, sit you down in the chair of state, which will be even humble with your presence. " His finger tips brushed hers as he assisted her to the throne, and he thought her a queen, as she sank among the cushions. The King ' s fool stretched himself out at her feet, and the rose trembled in her fingers as she said, " And now tell me, fool, your name. " His eyes rested on hers as she fingered the fringe on the draperies. THE REDWOOD 393 ' I am called Punchillo, " he said, " and this is the court of Louis. I am a poor fool who earns his bread and lodging by the quips and wit of a tired brain and an aching heart. M) home is here in the palace and in the garden haunts. Friends I have none, save the fish in the fountain and the birds in the trees. I am a fool, perhaps, because — I love. " The rose was suspended from the princess ' hand. It touched the fool lightly on the head. ' •You love, fool? " she laughed. " Yes, " and the King ' s fool sighed. ' ' And whom do you love? " The Princess bent lower, and he could feel her breath on his cheek. " I love a lady, Princess, who is far beyond my reach, nay, she is beyond the reach of au} " man. But she is beautiful. Princess; beautiful beyond imagination. Her hair is gold and her eyes are like stars. Her cheek is like the rose, where Cupid, with his fin- ger, had pushed a dimple in. A mouth of thin red velvet, that holds encased the pearls from the ocean, and she is even more beautiful than an angel! " The Princess sat entranced. " She must be very beautiful, fool, " she whispered. " Aye, Princess, I have dreamed of her beauty, as a child dreams of a lily, and to-night, for the first time, I have seen her. " " You have seen her? " echoed the Princess, " where? " The fool now knelt before her. His voice was choking in his throat as he answered hoarsely, " Here, to-night, in this room. " The princess ' breath came quickly, eagerly. " Then she is " " You Princess — I love you. " He was pale now and his heart was beating wild. Then he raised his head and said proudly to the trembling girl, " I loved you before you came — loved you though the King knew it not, and daily I w ent to the fountain hoping you would come, and I waited — always in vain. No one else could love you, because — because I love you. Princess. And now, to-night, you 394 I ' HE REDWOOD have come to me with my rose in your hand, and love in your eyes, and I tell you again and again that— I love you! " He grasped the hand that held the rose, and covered it with passionate kisses, — then — then his head swam — the room whirled about him, and he grew suddenly dizzy. It was close and his eyes saw only darkness, heavy thick darkness that would not lift. Then in his agony he cried out and laughed a fearful, shrieking laugh, and dashed down from the throne into the center of the room. A delicate streak of pink crept over the casement. The King ' s fool wonderingly opened his eyes. He bent down on his knee before the tapestry, and picking up the withered rose, he pressed a kiss on its shrivelled petals. Then he tucked it away over his heart. He rubbed his tired eyes and walked slowly over to the case- ment and looked out through the pale thin mist to where the gold fish played in the fountain. Then the King ' s fool knew that the dawn had come. Martin V. Mkri.K, Junior Spec ' l. THE REDWOOD 395 THE DYING LIGHT IM outlines seem the far- of hills Above the vale where shadows lie. Fa ' int gleams the darkening scene Hhtnie, And all is stillness, save the cry Of night birds or the night ivind ' s moan: The fairest day alas! must die. Emmett (Doherty, ' oS. A SUMMER IDYL EW came And filled itvo panting rosebuds. The wind (Bent the7n together in a perfumed kiss And from the spots, Soft-muOistened by the scattered drops, There grew, (Pale blue, Forget-me- nots . Geraki ' ' P. Beaum orU. 396 THE REDWOOD PRINCIPLE or LIFE Does the principle of life depend upon a chemical and physical basis? Whether the principle of life depends upon a purely mechan- ical basis, has been a most important question of the scientific world. Not that the defenders of the affirmative have been of a comparatively recent school when science is advancing in leaps and bounds, but far back centuries ago, there were as ardent support- ers of this theory as it has in the present age. In the question that life may arise spontaneously from lifeless matter by t he action of purely physical or chemical causes, it is well first to define the inward character of that subject, ' life, " to which we refer. By this we may show, from its very definition, why the assertion, that its existence depends upon a physical and chemical basis, cannot be accepted. " A living being, " as defined, " is one which moves itself, which acts upon and perfects itself, one whose action, as a living being, begins and ends in itself. " From this we see that the essential characteristics of vital action are spontaneity and immanence. Ac- cording to this definition we may classify various grades of life with which we are familiar in the world around us. The most in- significant insect or the most lowly blade of grass, or any living be- ing, even though affected with essential imperfections, can be placed infinitely above the vastness of the inert, lifeless, unorgan- iced matter of the universe. Living beings are being produced from others — the vegetable comes from another vegetable, the an- imal decends from progenitors. This law of most obvious daily ex- perience is fully confirmed by scientists enjoying the highest authority. But let us return to our definition. Three different degrees of spontaneity are manifested in the several grades of life; first, that vital activity which is exercised without cognition of any kind, on the part of the living being; second, self motion may imply cogni- tion and appetition o individual oh] cts on the part of individual beings, but without liberty or power of deliberation in determining their end; third, the living being capable of cognition and appe- THE REDWOOD 397 tition, may in addition be endowed with mind and the liberty to act or abstain from acting or require others to act or abstain from acting, which qualities reside in human life alone. " Nothing exists without sufficient reason. " Yet human beings in whom the highest perfection of life on earth is realized and all the grades beneath down to the lowest organism, are, according to this school of science, but the result of ordinary matter in its vari- ous combinations. " What displeases me in Strauss, " says Hum- boldt, " is the scientific levity, which leads him to see no difficulty in the organic springing from the inorganic, nay, man himself, from Chaldean mud " A living organism originates and depends on what they call protoplasm. The protoplasm is formed of ordinary matter. The elements combine in some unknown way in this simple structure, by assimilation of external substances, the plant grows and through the plant the animal; hence all life, all feeling, understanding, thought and reasoning, originate in the peculiar combination of in- organic elements. Within the organism of every plant, there is a central life. It has been proven by noted scientists that the ovule from which springs all life, exists only in the parent cell of the same kind, which acts constantly (?r se for one ultimate result — the develop- ment, preservation, propagation of the whole organic being. From this it is seen that life must exist before it can put forth those qual- ities peculiar to a living organism. Break up this living organ of protoplasm into its elements and not one trace of organic life is there left. Reunite the same in any combination, and the result is a dead compound, the basis of organic life is extinct. No instance of spontaneous generation has thus far been shown; and. so far as science goes, nothing but like has given like, proving that no vegetable organism has given generation to ani- mal life. To become a vegetable organism no protoplastic ele- ments can sustain themselves unless the power of assimilation, the ovule, be given them, else they die and disappear. But whence comes the animal germ or ovule? In answer, scientists only prove that matter affords . sustenance to generated organic life and this the humble gardener knows as well. The conditions of life, its various stages, its growth and gener- 398 THE REDWOOD ation, if they are to be explained on a mechanical basis, will re- main in the future as great a mystery as in the past. Indeed, the present method of investigation restricts us to empirical facts with their law, which is only a fact or classification of facts! But this proves nothing. There must be an intelligible basis on which to proceed before conclusions are sought. ' It is not in any sense true, " says Dr. Klam, " that any substance, even distantly resem- bling organizable matter, has been constructed by chemists. The line of demarcation between the organic and the inorganic, is as wide as ever. " So far from being a scientific truism, spontaneous generation is pronounced by the ablest scientists of England, Ger- many and France, not to speak of other countries, to be an as- tounding hypothesis unsupported by any evidence, inconceivable, a work constructed upon imaginary or irrelevant facts with an ut- ter departure from every established canon of scientific investiga- tion. Why cannot chemical analysis throw light upon the principle or basis of life? To this we say that chemical analysis is not made upon living subjects but only upon a dead subject. Here the most important point arises. Since chemistry deals only with the dead subject, the very thing sought — life — is wanting, nor by any pos- sible analysis can it be detected. If all that goes to make up a living body is present in a dead body, then why is life wanting and why can it not perform the functions of a live body? Proto- plasm is as much present in a corpse as in a living body. Then if life depends upon a chemical compound, why is it no longer living? The answer is simple. Life, while it continues, resists chemicaj action and death by something in itself. It is the dead body, therefore, that falls under the laws of chemistry and no logical conclusion can be reached that the mystery of life can be solved by chemistry. Throughout the whole material universe, unknown combina- tions of elements exist which afford sustenance to plants and through plants to animals. But how can protoplasm be combined from the elements, say nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen and form a living protoplasm or principle of life. The living or- ganism shows us neither the origin nor the intimate nature of life, for it is actually a living organism that uses and assimilates proto- THE REDWOOD 399 plasni. There must be then a vital principle distinguished from, and not originating in protoplasm. True, it is subject to physical law so far as its phj sical conditions are concerned; but even this does not give an inkling as to the intrinsic principle of life. Since life escapes all observation of chemical and physical laws, it would be but the evidence of an intellectual void to exclude the creative act of God. Unite and re-unite the different elements in various compounds, all of which differ in character, and still you have lifeless combina- tions. How then does it follow that the combination of such ele- ments gives rise to the principle of life and to the living organism? When the assertion is made that certain combinations of dead ele- ments, produce lifeless compounds differing among themselves, and a certain other combination of the same elements produces living organisms which form the physical basis of all vital action, there seems to be a sore need of logic on the part of those urging such a theory. ' ' An argument that has no middle term is no argument at all and a tra?isitio a genere ad genus, from the lifeless to the living is a sophism. " It does not follow that because a chemical analysis resolves a dead body into certain lifeless elements that a living body contains only the same elements or that v hat is true of a dead body is also true of a living body. From this illogical conclusion arises the fallacy that the principle of life is the result of an aggregate of minerals. True, that which is essential to the maintenance of life, such as food is, may be resolved into its elements but no chem- ical analysis can disclose the nature, the origin or the making of organic life itself. In every organism there is something that transcends the reach of chemistry and for this reason too much confidence can not be placed in chemical physiology. It is urged that protoplasm is composed of certain elements but it is impossible for chemical physiology to reproduce protoplasm. Then there may be other constituents which escape a chemical test and are not sub- ject to a chemical law. It must besides be remembered that chem- istry is limited in its research and can penetrate no farther into nature than the eye can see. The law of life is a law of itself, an active element which cannot be analyzed into lifeless elements nor viewed by means of the microscop e. 400 THE REDWOOD Since life is a mysterj to us, no logical explanation can be urged for its presence unless it be by the creative act of God. To Him alone can we attribute the origin and causation of all vital action. The principle of causality is absolutely essential to the progress, yes, even to the very existence of science. " To assert a fact or an effect without its proportionate cause, is denying science itself; for the object of science is to ascertain the causes or reason of things. " No reasonable mind can fail to see the absurdity of supposing there can be a painting without a painter nor can the movements of any piece of mechanism be exact without an intelli- gent hand to regulate them. What can be said of the simple things of life can be applied as well to the more intricate. " True science confirms the spontaneous conclusions of the common sense of mankind. " For this reason then let us consult it and enjoy seeing that " the existence of God is indeed, " in the words of the distinguished naturalist Hirn, " the last word of modern science. " Jno. O. McEi ROY, ' 05. DE PROrUNDlS " WIT ' UT of the depths To Thee, Lord, I cry, Out of the depths of stn Lord, I sigh. Hear Thou my cry Thy will to do, I ask; Hear Thou my cry for strength To do my task, Anthony (Diepenbrock, ' 08. THE RRDWOOI) 401 REALISM IN i:USIPIDES. . Realism iu literature has a decidedly modern sound; it seemed for awhile to be appropriated by the French novelists, though we cannot admit the justice of the appropriation unless we are pre- pared to use the term to signify solely and exclusively that phase of literature which revels in the depths of depraved human nature. In itself realism is opposed to romance, it deals with real life, not to the sacrifice of coloring matter, but to the exclusion of the ideal strictly so called. The real may be and often is ideal. In such cases the realist takes his poetry from life, and his picture may glow with the beauty of majestic loveliness, though, if true to him- self, he is adverse to superinduced poetry; he does not believe in going back to periods lost in the haze of centuries, he remains at home and paints the present; in a word, he believes that truth is stranger, more instructive and more delightful than fiction, and he delineates the truth as he sees it. Briefly, the realist is a pho- tographer who does not believe in poses. Such at least is what the present writer understands by real- ism, and this is the last thing in the world that one would seek to find in the Ancients. They were essentially mythological, their heroes were either gods or demi-gods, impersonations of perfec- tion, as perfection was then understood, and majestic and com- manding in all things. Homer is said to be simple, but his sim- plicity is more in the verbal expression of things, than in the things themselves. His simplest scene, a repast on the plains of Troy, glows with a mythological hue. In itself the repast is nothing more nor less than a modern barbecue, but Homer is not satisfied unless Ajax, or some other great warrior, devours a whole quarter of beef. In Virgil, to take an example from each of the languages , a simple boxing match becomes a scene of frightful carnage; the cestus is covered " with gore mingled with battered brains. " Kuripides, however, is in many places very realistic, not that he abstains from the myths of his day, but even when at the height of fiction, he introduces features of common every-day life. He seems to strive for the real. In his tragedy, called Electra, a princess is about to marry and an opportunity presents itself for an 402 THE REDWOOD heroic spouse, a famous warrior or a god; but no, he has her marry a peasant and the nuptials take place in a country cottage. This quality or proclivity is ver} pronounced in his treatment of even the famous characters of antiquit3 Agamemnon, " the King of Men, " becomes an ordinarj mortal, who quarrels with his wife and children, who 9 rites and re- writes letters, tears them up and throws them away in disgust. Helen, too, shows signs of the hu- man; she follows Paris for his wealth, she is troublesome at Troy, and when the city falls, her only sorrow is, that she may have difficulty in getting a comfortable lodging in Greece. Naturally enough, if the poet shows a propensit} to realism in dealing with his characters, he is even more inclined towards real incidents. A most striking illustration of this is his descrip- tion of the arrival of Clj taeranestra at Aulis. The chariot carry- ing the queen, her daughter, Iphigenia, and her infant son, Or- estes, packed to overflowing with wedding gifts, for it is the eve of the supposed nuptials of Iphigenia and Achilles, rolls up to the tent of Agamemnon. There is a bustle and a promiscuous running to and fro of servants, and amid it all Clytaemnestra gives her or- ders, wonderfully %voman-like. Here they are: • ' Come, servants, take this luggage I have brought. My dear girl ' s dower. Carefully, I pray; Bring them within the house; here this, and this. And now, my child, alight; have care, have care; Set thy foot properl3 Come, maids, receive Her in your arms, and lift her out. Good; Now Come here and help me to descend, — O my! Good Gracious! hold those horses; see, they shy! Take my dear babe, Orestes. What asleep Thou darling little child! Fatigued, mayhap, By the long journey. — Wake, sweet baby, w ake. Thy sister is to marry a great prince And thou wilt be related to him, dear. — Come daughter help thy mamma, let me lean Upon thy arm. There. — From this rude translation one may see what is meant by the realism of Euripides. With such scenes as this, our modern novels abound. But they do not abound with passages like this: THE REDWOOD 403 " There is a rock from whose deep base Fountains distilled from ocean flow, And from the ridge we drop the vase To catch the wave below. A friend I have who thither brought Her vests of radiant purple wrought, To bathe them in the crystal dews Then on the rock ' s warm face their hues Spread to the sun ' s fair rays. " This is " wash-day glorified. " The expression and the trans- lation are borrowed from Moulton ' s magnificent work. The Anci- ent Classical Drama. Again we find Ion, the priest of Apollo, sweeping the steps of the temple and glorying in the task. The priest soliloquizes thus: ' " Tis mine, with brush of laurel branches wrought, To sweep the sacred steps of Phoebus. Come, sacred laurel, newly sprung from groves Where holy dews enrich thy foliage, come; 1 sweep the ground, that ' s consecrate to God, And sprinkle water to k eep down the dust. " Here sweeping is glorified, but inasmuch as the sweeping is there, as the washing is in the foregoing passage, it is realism, or there is none in literature. Sophocles would scorn such common- place incidents, so would x eschylus, so too would many modern writers, but it is very doubtful which is more excellent; to express that which in itself is poetical or to clothe the commonplace with poetry. Naturally enough the realism of Euripides enters into his treatment of passion and emotion. Orestes m Aeschylus is fren- zied, but with a kind of supernatural, god-like frenzy; in Euripides he is merely delirious. The scene at the sick-bed of Orestes is one of the most powerful in Greek tragedy, powerful because real. OrKSTES {zvaking from a feverish sleep ' ) O sleep, sweet balm, that giveth timely rest. How gracious to have come to me in need; O blest forgetfulness of pain, how wise A goddess thou! { The delirhmi coming ' ) In Heaven ' s name, whence, how 404 THE REDWOOD Did I come thither? Who hath brought me here? I know naught of the past, my senses gone — Oh! Oh! {falling back on the iieiT) KiyKCTRA — Dear brother, I have watched thee in thy sleep How pleased to see thee rest! Wilt thou that I Assist thee to sit upright. Orestes — Yes, raise me, dear, And wipe the clotted froth from off my mouth, And rub mine eyes; they ' re clotted too. ElECTRA Behold; How sweet the task! A sister ' s hand may well Assist her brother. Orestes — Remove the hair that hangs So squalid on my face; I hardly see. EivECTRA {arranging his hair) Poor head, how much thou needest cooling bath! Orestes — Now lay me dow n again, for I am weak. Electra— ' Tis well we have a couch. Orestes Come lift me up; Turn my body. EiwECTRA — Wilt thou stand up? A change will do thee good. Orestes— Oh yes, of course, for this will feel like health, And feeling is at times as good as being. EI.ECTRA — Now brother, while the Furies are at rest Give ear to thy dear sister. Orestes Hast thou news? If it be good, thou wilt delight mine ear; If bad, — why, have I not distress enough? Electka — Thy father ' s brother, Menelaus, is here. Orestes — He here, a man of kindred blood! Ah yes, My father showered benefits on him! EiyECTRA — Yea, he is here and with him Helen, brought From Troy. Orestes More blessed were he if saved alone But with his wife he hath a mighty evil. EtECTRA — Alack my brother, madly rolls thine eye Art mad again! so soon! THE REDWOOD 405 Orkstes {frenzied) I et not, O mother, The Furies on me; grim they are with blood, Their hair of snakes! they leap about me! see! Electra — Be calm, my brother; thou see ' st none of these, ' Tis but thy fancy making shapes and forms. Orestes — Great Phoebus, they will kill me! shapes of hell, Dogs, gorgon-visaged monsters, Oh! OH! OH! EiwECTRA (seizing him) I will protect thee, I will put a stop To these convulsions. Orestes A Fury thou! Unhand me! Would ' st thou hurl me down to hell ! etc. I have given these quotations and made these comments, not by way of praise, for Euripides is beyond praise, but to illustrate what seems to me a curious literary phenomenon. Every Greek student knows that Euripides has suffered the severest censure from the critics. Aristophanes began the warfare against him and it has come down to the present dzy. Macaulay has had the bold- ness to think that Milton showed bad taste in imitating Euripides, but I prefer the taste of Milton to that of Macaulay, who if it comes to taste, was very imprudent in passing judgment on Milton, one of the greatest of our poets; but this is not the point. Euripides was severely criticised by his con temporaries for introducing novelties into the drama and this caused a certain feeling of distrust against what they considered to be arrogance. Hence their criticisms and hence the modern sycophants. In truth, however, these innova- tions were, if anything, proofs of originality, and as I understand it, originality is a great recommendation in any line. Chari es Byrnes, ' 07. 4o6 THE REDW OOD PARTING 6 S OOQ-(BY ' I said and turned away, JVor heeded I her tear; We parted at the close of day We parted in the glorious May Of that rnemorial year. Long years have passed since that sad day, Yet she ha s grown ' more dear, Though she has been the while auway. Since last I sGuW her face in May Of that inenwrial year. Will she return no more to stay And I ' ny lone heart to cheer? oes she remember that bright. day? (Does she remi.eim.ber the sweet May Of that memorial year? (Richard A. de la Guardia, ' 08. Photo b ' Bushnell HOUvSE OF PHlLHIvSTORIANS 1— U. Atleridge. i— M. C. O ' Toole. 3— T. Douloii. 4--L,. Feeuey. 5— F. Sigwait. o— P. lulUxh. 7— K. Shep- herd. 8--I . Magee. 9— J. Kohlbecker. io A. Young. 11— P. Carew. 12 F. I.ejeal. 13— K. Doherty. I4 W. Maher. 15— F. Hefferuau. 16— G. Casey. 17— Rev. Joseph Stack. S. J. 18— B. McPike. 19— H. Patrick. 20— M. Wilson. 21— J. ColHns. 22--C. Byrnes. 23— C. Brown. 24— J. Brown. 25— R. Fitzgerald. a6— C. Kilburn. 27— A. Aguirre. 28— W. .Schmitz. 20— H. Gulling. 30 F. Allen. 31— R. Jacobs. THE REDWOOD 407 THE GIVE-AWAY Joe Kerrick rode into the " A " camp one afternoon about sunset. There were several men seated around the camp fire; all cow- boys talking, smoking and laughing. They looked up as Joe rode into the camp. " Hello! where 3 ou been this last month. H ' aint seen you since the ' old man ' paid you off last; was beginnin ' to think you ' d gone off and got married. " " No, " replied Joe laughing, " but I ' ve been layin pretty low lately, Jim, had ' nother ' tack of that there fever and it kinder knocked the spots out ' er me for a couple of weeks. I ' m all right now though and I guess I ' ll be at work again in a few days. I ' m goin ' to ride down to the old Bear ranch in the mornin ' to see Johns about gettin ' a new rope made, the old one ' s gettin ' thin and won ' t last much longer. " " Where you goin ' to get the hide, Joe, " asked one of the men, " steal it? " This caused a hearty laugh in which Joe took part. " Yes, " he said, still laughing, " I guess I ' ll have to unless the ' ole man ' gives me one cheap, but say to change the subject, have you got any grub handy? I ' m as hungry as a bear. " " Yes, I forgot all about 3 our not havin ' any supper. Right over there, in that sack, no not there, there, that one, — yes that ' s it; help yourself. Not much there, but it ' ll do for an ole cow- puncher like you, I ' ve knowed lots of times you ' d be glad to git half of thet. Well we ' re going to roll up and turn in, you can fol- ler suit when you down the grub. " " All right, I ' ll be through in a minute, then I close up shop too, and say, Jim, leave me enough weed to make a pill, will you, I ' m all out. " " Sure, right over there in my chaps near my saddle. " " Thanks. Good night all. Good night, Jim. " Joe Kerrick ate his supper, smoked his cigarette, and went to bed. Soon he was fast asleep and like his companions dreaming of the wild life of the cowboy and its charms. 4o8 THE REDWOOD Next morning all were awake early and the five men sat down to eat their breakfast just as the sun rose. " Well, Joe, I wish you ' d come along and go with us up to the Windmill Ranch round up. " " Fd like to go all right, all right, but I guess I ' ll go on south and see ole Johns about the rope, and say Jim, you ' re an expert at oilin ' them lariats, will you touch mine up a bit. It may be some time ' afor I kin git the new one and I ' ll have to make the ole boy do till then. " " Sure. Got any oil? I h ' aint. " ' ' Yes here, — look out, don ' t drop it, it ' s precious, an ' it won ' t do to waste it. " " Oh! yes, this is thet there new-fangled stuff. I ' ve heard heaps about it, but I never used it. How is it? " " Its fine, it c ils your rope well and don ' t ketch no dust. " " Well, I ' ll give your ole rope the best oilin ' it ever had .since it came into existence, and I reckon thets no short time ago. " Jim was soon at work while the rest of the boys packed up the various utensils and prepared to leave, Joe picked up Jim ' s things as the latter would be busy with the rope till it was time to start. " There you be, " Jim announced, " good as new; " and he handed Joe his well oiled rope. " Thanks Jim. Well, I ' m off. I ' ll see you all later boys, an ' if you see any of the ole man ' s cattle up at the round-up, clap his iron on ' era an ' I ' ll do the same by you fellers on the fiat if I run acrost any of your ' n. So long fellers. Good bye Jim. " The men separated, Jim and his partj going northeast and Joe going directly south. The latter rode along for hours, now humming a tune, now talking to bis horse which was a large coal-black, and undoubtedly a good one, and now dropping the reins on the faithful animal ' s neck while he rolled a cigarette. In this way he rode on till about noon when he came to a narrow and high-walled canyon, through which ran a small stream of clear water. Here he rode up to a clump of wnllows and dismounted, pre- pared to eat his noon-day meal, and rest his horse. THE REDWOOD 409 He unsaddled, and after eating his frugal meal of bread and jerkey, he threw himself down on the ground, pillowed his head on his saddle and removed the last particles of his dinner from his teeth with a twig. " Hello! " he soliloquized suddenly, " here come some cattle to water; wonder what they ' re doin ' here this time o ' day, " he raised himself on his elbow and peered through the trees. " Guess they didn ' t get dowm last night. " By this time the cattle had drawn quite near, unconscious of the proximity of the cowboy. " Say thet red cow ' s hide would make me a swell rope wouldn ' t it? An it wouldn ' t be no trick to get it, and — by golly I ' ll do it. Nobody ' U ever know the dif. " He turned, seized his 30-30 carbine, aimed and fired. The shot was true, the red cow ' s legs gave way under her and she fell to the ground. " Now the next thing is to git thet critter off the road. It wouldn ' t be health} for rae if some guy come along here and found me skinnin ' thet cow. Well thet ' s easy money. Come here Monte an ' git your saddle on. I got some draggin ' fer you to do you lazy beast. " He went over and saddled bis horse, then mounting he rode up to the dead cow, dropped his rope over its horns, then giving the rope a turn round the horn of his saddle he turned his horse and dragged the cow into the clump of trees where he proceeded to skin her. During this operation he heard the report of a gun. ' ' Some bloomin ' butt-in, T guess. Well it don ' t feel comfort- able with that cuss so close. Much as I hate to lose this hide after all thet work, it ' s bettern losin ' my own pelt, and I stand a good chance of losin ' it if I stay here much longer. " With this he mounted his horse and rode away, coiling his rope as he went In the meantime Jim and his companions rode on toward the Windmill Ranch. They had not gone a great distance when Jim suddenly announced his intention of returning and going to the Old Bear ranch with Joe. " I kin ketch him in a little while and I ' ve got to go down there on some business I forgot all about. " 4IO THE REDWOOD The truth of the matter was that Jim was very anxious to see Joe ' s pretty sister with whom he was very friendly, and he did tiot see a better chance of getting there in company of some friend, for the way was long and lonesome, and he knew that if Joe got as far as the Old Bear ranch, he would go home for a day at least, thus affording Jim an opportunity of seeing his sister. " Well, so long. I ' ll be back in time to go with the herd when they move. " He was already on his way and a few moments took him out of sight. Jim soon arrived at the camp where he had stayed the night before. Joe now had an hour and a half start and Jim knew that in order to overtake him before evening he could not afford to loiter on the road. " O I ' ll ketch him, " be said confidentially to himself. He won ' t be in a perticular hurry and he ' ll stop at noon for grub, and to rest that plug o ' his ' n. I ' ll find him in the gorge this side Albert ' s I s ' pose. " With these thoughts in his mind he rode on and a little after noon came in sight of the gorge. Suddenly he stopped and listened. He had heard a shot. " It must be Joe, " he said aloud. " But what ' s he shootin ' at? Maybe he ran acrost a buck. I ' ll hurr} on and perhaps I ' ll get a good piece of venison for dinner. " He rode on and in another quarter of an hour was in the gorge. " I ' ll give him a shot to let him know I ' m comin ' " This was the shot Joe Kerrick had heard and which had caused him to vacate his camp so suddenly. Jim rode on and soon arrived at the place where Joe had eaten his noon meal. " Guess he aint here but he aint fer away and I ' ll soon ketch him — hello, somethin been drug along here into the bushes, hey? I ' m going to find out what ' tis, " and he followed the broad trail in the willows. Here a glance at the dead, half-skinned cow sufficed to tell him ail. " Thet ' s what he shot and was skinnin ' it when my shot THE REDWOOD 411 skeered him away, well that ' s hard luck — but blast my carcass I ' ll ketch him now if I never intended to afore. It beats the devil though, the man I called my friend, and the man I intended to call my brother-in-law turns out to be a cattle-thief — Well I ' ll make him wisht he never was born, and I ' ll just put about forty lead pills into him — hello! there he goes now. Rather quiet for a hunt- ed cattle-thief. Maybe he intends to run fer it when he gits out on the flat. Well I guess my nag ' s as good as his ' n, or no, maybe he ' s goin ' to fight; well I ' m as good at that as he is, and the more interestin ' he makes it the better he ' ll suit me. " B this time the men were in hailing distance and Jim yelled. Joe turned in his saddle and looked surprised. " Well, if he ' s goin ' to run he ' d better be leggiu ' it an ' if he ' s goin ' to fight he ' d better be gettin ' bis shootin ' sticks ready,-— no he ain ' t goin ' to do neither- — hang me for a nickle if he aint goin ' to lie out o ' it — " Joe had stopped his horse to wait, " Now, I ' ll be hanged, what you doin ' here, " he said, ' I thought you was at the round-up. " " An ' that ' s the reason you took the liberty to kill one o ' m boss ' s cattle is it? ' ' " Your boss ' s cattle? — Why what ' s the matter? What do you mean? Kill cattle? — You gone plump crazy? Explain yourself? " Look here, Joe Kerrick, no use in your lyin; you ' re caught red-handed. " " Caught? What the devil you talkin ' about? Caught? Caught what? " " Caught cattle stealin ' . You certainly got your share of cool- ness but it don ' t do now. Don ' t lie, it won ' t help you none, I ' ve got you. There ' s the red cow back there where you camped and there ' s a piece of skin with red hair on it caught on your rope — no, it wasn ' t there this morning ' cause I oiled your rope. " Joe looked at his rope and saw he was lost. " A dead give- away, " he afterwards said. " And, " continued Jim, " when you washed your mits you did- n ' t get all the blood off, in your hurry. Now, you lyin ' sneak I ain ' t a goin ' to kill you. You dog, I ought to, I know, but it goes again ' my grain to kill a man, but what I am goin ' to do is to show you the Mexican line. Now you git. I ' ll put all the rangers 412 THE REDWOOD wise and if you show yourself in these parts again j ou stand a mighty good chance of gettin ' a little day light through your miserable carcass. " He raised his arm and pointed his finger accompanying the gesture with the one word, " Get! " Joe looked at him a moment with a fierce fire in his eyes, then he very slowly turned his horse and rode away. Once he turned iu his saddle and looking back saw Jim sitting still on his horse and watching him. Jim watched him till he rode out of sight behind a small hill, then he rode away with his head bowed in deep thought. All o ' a sudden he looked up. " Where am I goin ' — to see Joe ' s sister? — No, I can ' t do it now — It wouldn ' t be right. I ran her brother out of the country, an ' I ' ve got to give her up. I can ' t help it. I did what was right — an ' — an ' I guess they need me at the round-up. " Ivo G. BOGAN, ' 08. THE REDWOOD 413 A MEMORY T (TRIOLET) T lies within my heart. The secret of a day And fain wcndd I ti t art " What lies within my hearty (But there it needs mtist stay. An ever-stinging dart — That lies within my heart, The secret of a day, ' Cleon (P. KUburn, ' 08. 414 THE REDWOOD A DAY OF HORRORS This paper when started was called " x Dtigone in Brief, " but as the writer unwittingly wandered a bit from the story of Sophocles, the change of title was deemed necessary. It was morning; the warm rays of toe sun, flooded the city of Thebes and the gates of bronze glittered bewildering to the eye. All was quiet and peaceful, for the inhabitants slept vsoundly after an all-night conflict with the Argives. Vic- tory had alighted on the Tlieban banner and far into the morning the triumph had been celebrated with festal mirth and banqueting. True they had lost their young!king Eteocles; but that was nothing; his uncle Creon would serve the purpose w ell enough. Had he notin fact begun his reign by an act of true Theban spirit? Immediately after the battle he had buried Eteocles and published an edict forbid- ding the like honor to be given the enemy Polynices. Thus the The- bans thought as they retired to rest after a night of conflict and subsequent revelry. But they were deceived; Creon was cruel and tyrannical, ambitious to reign, obstinate in wrong, heartless toward the unfortunate, self-willed and stubborn. Such a man was a poor substitute for the valiant Eteocles as the sequence will show. It was morning, as before remarked, and the inhabi- tants slept. Most of them, at least, were wrapped in slumber, but if one were to have passed the palace gates, the royal palace of Cad- mus, he would have observed two Theban Princesses, intensely discussing the situation. They have not slept, something has taken place that pains them to the quick. What that something is we may gain from their conversation. " O my dear sister, " exclaimed the older of the two, — a muscu- lar maiden of firm, steady countenance, with long, flowing locks and graceful bearing, — ' 0 my dear sister, with what evils doth not Jove encompass us! All that is wretched and ruinous and miserable and degrading seems to be your lot and mine. " The other answered nothing, but the heart-deep sigh she heaved was sign enough that she felt as keenly as did her sister, the evils in which they were placed. THE REDWOOD 415 " And hast thou naught to say? " continued the first. " Know- est thou not our wretched plight? " " Antigone! " was the reply, ' ' I know it well, too well not to feel agrieved; but what can we poor women do? " And hast thou read the edict forbidding the burial of our brother? Creon bath given due honor to Eteocles, but Polynices must remain exposed on the field a prey to dogs and vultures! It is too much to bear. " " It is the king ' s command, my sister, " " Aye it is; but most unjust the command! Jove doth ordain it otherwise and thou wilt see that I obey the law of Jove! " As Antigone spoke these words there was a look of defiance in her eye that spoke volumes of woe. Ismene — such was the other ' s name,- — was not so much moved. She realized that misfor- tune had been theirs, but was unwilling to aggravate it And so while her sister rested, in thoughtful repose, against a column she began an enumeration of former mishaps frightful to utter. " O foolish Antigone! " she began, " Consider the misery that hath already fallen to our lot. Oedipus, our father, dead by a self- destroying hand, our mother Jocasta strangled by suspending cords, which she herself had prepared, and now our two brothers slain each by each in fratricidal conflict! Is not that misery enough? or wilt thou that we too, the only survivors of a once peaceful family, expose ourselves to death by disobedience to the law? " The words made an impression on Antigone, but not of the kind intended. Death were nothing; but to allow her own brother Polynices to lie exposed in the open field without the funeral rites necessary for his well being in the nether world, this were an out- rage far more heinous than any yet endured. So she reasoned and turning to Ismene, with the look of a lioness, she exclaimed: " Frail-hearted woman, stay! Come not with me to the burial. Alone will I perform the rites! Expose myself to death? Aye, with willingness in such a cause. Farewell! " Madly she rushed out from the Palace enclosure and sought the spot where Polynices ' body lay. It was a sorry sight and one that brought tears to the heroine ' s eyes. Yet she was in no humor to give way to grief, she had come with the intention of burying 4i6 THE REDWOOD the dead and this she would do. It was noon, for much time had been lost in preparing the necessary ointments, the people in the city were stirring but nothing daunted, the heroic maiden began her work of duty. Thrice she poured libations over the corpse, thrice she sprinkled it with dust and would have gone through the whole ceremony, but alas, she was observed by some watchmen, was apprehended and carried to the king. " Didst thou know of the proclamation forbidding this? " asked the king. ' I knew it, " replied Antigone, " It was fairly writ. " " And darest thou transgress the law? " urged Creon. " ' Twas not the law of Jove nor of Justice nor of the nether- world gods! " exclaimed the maiden, defiantly. " Thy laws, O King, are mortal and cannot therefore contradict the unwritten and unperishable law of heaven! Not yesterday nor today are these laws made, but eternally they are and eternally they must en- dure. Death I heed not, for whosoever lives like me in constant misery gains advantage in death. If thou wilt consider this folly what care I? ' Twere to be judged a fool by a fool. " " Thy father still lives in thee, " remarked the king. " And wilt thou put me to death? " asked Antigone. " I will, " was the laconic retort. At this, her sister, Israene rushed into the royal presence dis- tracted with grief. She had heard of her sister ' s arrest and she came to see the outcome. When the stern condemnation was spoken she too was anxious to die, but Antigone would not suffer her sister to stay by her in death. She wished to die alone and oh! what a frightful death was in store for her. The king ordered his men to conduct the disobedient princess without the city walls and to bury her alive within the cavern of a rock and to place food in the tomb to prolong her agony. The heroine went forth rejoicing and the speech she made in sight of the rock-hewn sepulcher is truly remarkable. ' 0 grave, " she exclaimed, " O hollow tomb, whence I shall descend to my beloved ones; it was my generous act of attempting to bury Polynices that obtained for me this great boon. What care I to live, of parents, of brothers, of friends bereft? Happier THE REDWOOD 417 far to sink to Hades and enjoy the company of my loved ones than to remain in this land of woe unbearable? " After this beautiful address she was locked within the hollow tomb. In the meantime Haemon, the son of Creon, and the be- trothed of Antigone was doing all in his power to revert the dreadful sentence. " The people of Thebes do not wish this, " he urged. " The people of Thebes! " retorted the king, full of sarcasm. " Shall the people rule the ruler? " " Justice should rule thine actions, father. " " Tut, tut, boy, thou art ruled by a woman, and wilt thou at- tempt to school me? " This was all the father would say. He was disturbed at heart and feared to yield to argument. The son left him in disgust and went to the tomb of his beloved. What happened there we shall learn presently. The king was not left alone very long for at his son ' s departure the old blind prophet Tiresias came upon the scene, Tiresias, the man of supernatural vision, as it was believed, Tiresias, who had thrice urged upon the Thebans a human sacri- rifice. Him of all mortals, — if indeed he was a mortal, — the king dreaded and for this reason he tried to dismiss him, with harsh language. " The prophets love gain! " he remarked haughtily. " The kings love base gain! " replied the prophet. " Thou art addressing thy ruler, sir! " said the king somewhat authoritatively. " I know it, O king; thou art ruling a land by me preserved, " said the prophet, alluding to the human sacrifices. " And mark thou this: Some dreadful secrets even now lie hid within my mind. " " Speak them; I will know the worst, " rejoined Creon, with a show of unruffled conscience. " Well, then, " began Tiresias, solemnly, " if thou wilt know the worst, know this: Not many suns will set on Thebes ere thou dost feel the vengeance of the gods of hell, whom thou hast so dis- honored by exposing the bodies of Polynices without funeral obse- quies and by inhuming the heroic Antigone. Mark thou these words! " 4i8 THE REDWOOD The prophet moved slowly off and Creon was left alone with his thoughts. The constancy of Antigone did not move him, the appeal of Haemon was without effect; but the threats of the re- nowned seer he could not spurn. Calling his servants he hastened to the spot where the unburied corpse of the warrior lay, he com- pleted the rites and then hurried to the tomb with the intention of releasing the young maiden. vShe bad been there but two hours and all would be well, but alas! he repented too late. As be ap- proached the sepulcber he heard the voice of his son Haemon raised in grief. He hastened and bade the door be opened when lo! a ghastly sight met his eyes. The body of Antigone suspended by a cord made of her own robe was seen dangling in the doorway, and Haemon out of himself with rage, clung madly to the corpse of her whom he had loved. Madness it certainly was for the ancients considered it pollution to touch the body of the dead. " Come forth, my son,, " cried the king, " Come from the tomb, I beseech thee. " The son heard but answered not, save by a savage look that threatened danger. He saw him whom he regarded as the mur- derer of his beloved, — though had he his senses, he might have realized that she was a self-destroyer, — he lost sight of filial love and in this distressed state of mind unsheathed his sword and rushed on the king, his father. The latter evaded the stroke by a quick step aside; but when he turned his eyes rested upon his only son falling upon the deadly weapon. It pierced him through and through and left him a corpse at the feet of his betrothed. Poor unfortunate lovers! they are now beyond the mightj river and we must leave them. Like Romeo and Juliet they died the death of suicides; like Romeo and Juliet they were driven to it by fanatic relatives. But the day of horrors is not yet over; an officious news- monger rushes to inform Creon ' s wife, Eurydice. She hears of the tragedy with beating heart, the blow is frighttul, and, as we are acquainted with pagan ways, we may well imagine the re- sult. vShe stabs herself! The king carries the corpse of his son to his palace and finds, to his titter surprise, that his wife is dead. According to his way of viewing things, there is but one step for him and that is suicide. Pagan that he is he does not hesitate, he THE REDWOOD 419 joins the caravan to Hades. What became of Ismene we do not know, but it is probable that she lies lifeless at the feet of Anti- gone. There must have been a terrible time in Hades that day as the defunct were waiting for old Charon to convey them to their doom. Eteocles and Polynices the mutual fratricides, Antigone and Is- mene, sisters of the rival kings; Creon and Eurydice ' and Haemon, all seven, either self-destroyed, or dead in the blossom of their sins. The two brothers were guilty of fratricide, the others were suicides and both these crimes, if we take the ancient idea, merited eternal durance in Tartarus. And the misery of it all is that Oedipus and Jocasta, parents of the young princesses were already there, because both had sought their own destruction. And then again Haemon ' s brother Menoecus was there for he too had laid violent hands on himself. All in all therefore there were ten of the royal family of Thebes doomed to Tartarus. What their occupation has been ever since we know not, but if it be a usual thing to roll huge rocks up the steep hill, to be fastened to the revolving wheel, to be tantalized by receding banquets, there they are, poor unfortunates, each at the appointed task. The only one we feel sorry tor is Antigone; she was a good Theban until the suicide, but perhaps even in this she was unaccountable. If so she reached Elysium. And so, when on that memorable day the sun ' s last rays fell upon Thebes, all was changed. The elders had gathered for the purpose of determining who should rule but no one wished the dignity. Too much had been seen of the dangers which surround- ed the dizz} ' heights not to cause a fear of elevation. One young orator, with whose wisdom we shall close, made a beauti- ful little speech in an endeavor to ward off the danger from his family. ' The ruler, " he said, is placed as it were on a high mountain- top, removed from the common people; if he be properly consti- tuted the elevation does not injure him. rather he receives addi- tional splendor from the height; if on the other hand he have not the required virtue he becomes giddy, his eyes grow obfuscated and the birds of prey — Ambition, Conceit, Arrogance — harass him to death and end by devouring his very entrails. " Ray Hicks, ' 07. T " sd cfootL PUBWSHED MONTHI Y BY THE STUDENTS OF SaNTA CI.ARA Coi,I,EGE The object of The Redwood is to record our College Doings, to give proof of College Industry and to knit closer together the hearts of the Boys of the Present and of the Past. EDITORIAL STAFF EXECUTIVE BOARD Martin V. Mkri.F, Junior Special. John W. Byrnes, ' o6 George Casey, ' 07 associate editors College Notes - - Ralph C. Harrison, ' 05 Alumni Rob ' t. Y. Hayne, ' 08 In the Library - - Francis Floyd-Jones, ' 07 Exchanges - - - Michael C. O ' Toole, ' 07 Athletics - - - Robert H. Shepherd, ' 07 business manager Michael R. O ' Reilly, ' 06 assistants Thos. Leonard, vSenior Special Joseph Curley, ' 05 Angelo Quevedo, ' 05 Address all communications to The Redwood, Santa Clara College, California Terms of subscription, I1.50 a year; single copies, 25 cents. EDITORIALS rrSE AER OPLAME " SANTA CLABA " After years of study and incessant toil in an attempt to solve the problem of aerial navigation, success has crowned the efforts of Prof. John J. Montgomery, the eminent scientist and member of the College Faculty. On Rector ' s day, April 29, the Aeroplane, THE REDWOOD 421 ' ' Santa Clara, " soared up and over the College campus, and when cut loose from the balloon, was directed and controlled at the will of the aeronaut. The exhibition was a complete success in every detail and was a thrilling spectacle for the eye-witnesses. A large mechanical bird, with white wings tipped Avith red, bearing the name " vSanta Clara " describes generally the Aeroplane. The mis- take has been made by many that the Aeroplane is a complete air- ship. Prof. Montgomery has but successfully crossed the first stepping stone tow ards the goal of aerial navigation. He has, with bis dirigible parachute solved the problem of poise and course in the air, and has given to the world a machine by which the cur- rents of the air can be studied and their mysteries solved, and his future thought and work will be devoted to this end. It is hardly necessary to mention here the pride that Santa Clara takes in her brilliant son, and now, with the whole w ' orld centered on him, it rejoices in his success and glories in his victory. A DAR.ING AERONAUT Words of the highest praise are due to Mr. John Maloney, the daring aeronaut who successfully steered the " Santa Clara " on its cruise through the air. He is a modest, unassuming, cool-headed and daring man, and his share in the success of the Aeroplane is unquestioned. THE AEROPLANE SUPPLEMENT As announced in the last issue of The Redwood, the exclu- sive rights to the publication of an authoritative account of the now famous Aeroplane " Santa Clara, " were secured for this paper. To the present number, therefore, we add a supplement which con- tains a detailed account of its inspiration, invention and success from the pen of the brilliant inventor himself, Prof. John J. Mont- gomery of Santa Clara College. Despite the fact that tempting offers were made to Prof. Montgomery by the press at large he gave to The Redwood this first privilege, and in return we en- 422 THE REDWOOD deavor, in our own humble way, to pay a tribute to his far-famed success and unquestionable genius. OOOD-BTE At most of the Commencement exercises with which a college year is brought to an end, we are told in the Valedictory how we have, up to that time, been ripples on the water and breezes in the air, and that now we are to become waves and windstorms. This may or may not be so. However, one thing is certain, the spirit of the College life is ruffled and the fraternity of the student-body and faculty is split to a very great degree. There is an end to everything on earth, and college life has not escaped this neces- sary evil. With this truth upon us, we of The Redwood staff, would say good-bye to those who leave us for good and au revoir to the temporary absentees. To our beloved President, our su- periors and teachers, to the men of the yard, to our many ex- changes, and lastly to one another we say,— - " All ' s well " and cheerfully and sincerely clasp all hands and utter that exhilarating word, " Prosit! " Martin V. Mkri.E, Jun. Spec ' l. THE REDWOOD 423 COLLEGE NOTES The Ryland Debate The most interesting feature of the past month was the annual Ryland Medal Debate between the Philalethic Senate and the House of Philhistorians. On the evening of April 12th the Col- lege Theater was crowded. At eight o ' clock sharp, after an introduc- tory overture by the College Orchestra and a volley of cheers from sympathizers of the two societies, the Reverend Chairman, Patrick Foote, S. J., called the meeting to order and explained the condi- tions of the debate, and the time allotted to each speaker. He stated that the gold medal from which the debate took its name was the gift of the late Hon. C. T. Ryland of San Jose and that it was awarded annually to the best individual debater in the annual debate, judgment being given in view of his superiority in argu- mentation, composition and delivery. He then read the resolution of the evening: " Resolved, That the opposition of the United States Senate to President Roosevelt in the matter of the Arbitration treaties merits the approval of the country at large. " He then introduced the first speaker of the debate, Representative Robert Fitzgerald. Mr. Fitzgerald read the question, explained at length the nature thereof, and suggested many forceful reasons for the affirmative reading of the question. He contended that the second clause of these treaties gave to the Executive powders that were unconstitu- tional and that therefore the Senate ' s restricting amendment was in reality for the country ' s best interests. Mr. Fitzgerald was so carried away that of the allotted fifteen minutes, he reserved none for a second speech. Hardly had Mr. Fitzgerald ' s liquid tones died awaj- when Senator Ivancovich, anxious for battle, took the floor. Senator Ivancovich is a speaker of no mean abilities and his arguments were brought forth in a way that at once came home to every member of the audience. He struck right and left at the argu- ments of the preceding speaker and left them seared as sophisms. 424 THE REDWOOD He proved the constitutionality of the powers granted by the original treaties by the powerful argument of precedent. Mr. Allen, the next speaker on the affirmative, was not slow to take up Mr. Ivancovich ' s arguments and to endeavor to split them bit by bit. He dwelt on the aggressive and " big stick " pol- icy of the President and bis conduct in the Santa Domingo affair. Mr. O ' Reilly, of the Senate, followed, opposing Mr. Allen, up- holding the staunchness and justice of the Chief Executive, and pointing out how that very equity and steadfastness goaded to madness the " trust-owned frequenters of the Senatorial Chambers. " Mr. Atteridge, of the House, and Mr. Riordan, of the Senate, followed, the one urging that even apart from the unconstitution- ality of the powers these treaties granted the President, the dan- gerous precedent thus afforded would prove of detriment to our Republic, the other citing many examples where the same power had been granted and where the judiciary had upheld their con- stitutionality. After this there followed several moments of pro and con as each in turn consumed the remaining amount of his allotted time. Mr. Fitzgerald finally closed for the affirmative and the Ryland debate came to an end. The decision resting with the judges, Rev. Richard Bell, S. J., Wm. Bowden, Esq., David Burnett, Esq., and Mr. Charles Thomp- son, A. B., will not be announced until the Commencement Day exercises when both the winning side and the rightful claimant of the Ryland medal will be made known. TKe Senate So many things came up during the past month that the Sen- ate had hard work getting together for a regular meeting and de- bate. Of counse the Annual Ryland Medal Debate, of which an account appears elsewhere, took a great deal of preparation and all of our attention was centered on that. Then we had Father Sasia s lecture in the Theater which came on a Senate night, and a band concert the week previous. This goes to press on the eve of our next regular meeting which w ll be the last. THE REDWOOD 425 In looking back over the Senate year we have no regrets and many pleasant memories to linger on. Under the faithful guid- ance of our esteemed President, the Rev. Father Joseph I ydon, S. J., we feel that we have had more than a successful year. The de- bates have all been strong, interesting and profitable; business was carried on in a brisk, executive manner and the evenings spent in the old Senate chamber shall never be regretted b} any of us, — .some of us are in our last year — others in the first. To those who remain we say, " Happy vacation and a welcome return, " to the others — " Good-bye and God bless vou. " THe Hoiase During the past month a deal of time was spent in preparation for the annual Ryland Debate, between the House and the Senate. A number of minor resolutions, bearing in subject on the Ryland Debate question were most abl debated upon by the House members. These resolutions were treated for the purpose of giving greater practice to the House team, they being called upon to defend their side of the question whenever it was attacked. Representa- tive Fitzgerald who took the first affirmative on the occasion of the annual Debate, upheld his part most praiseworthily and particu- larly distinguished himself in his final rebuttal. Floyd Allen and I,eo J. Atteridge, the second and third afiirmatives respectiveh ' , brought forth their superior knowledge of the question with no little eloquence. At the final meeting of the present semester, the evening was passed as a business meeting. Honorary certificates were con- ferred upon W. Maher, R. Shepherd, L. Atteridge and L. Magee. On April 25 the members of the House enjoyed a vqiy pleasant tally-ho ride to " Villa Maria. " The party consisted of nearly every member of the society accompanied by their Presi- dent. The start was made earh ' ' after breakfast. The band mem- bers who were among the crowd had their musical instruments with them which helped in great part to add to the merriment. 426 THE REDWOOD St. Robert ' s Day- Saturday, April 26th was St. Robert ' s Day, our beloved President ' s feast day, a day of joy long to be remembered. At 8.30 A, M. the students formed in procession and escorted Father President to the Grand Stand with ' sonor- ous metal blowing martial sounds " and waving banners. They circled the bunting-bestreamed campus, up through the triumphal arch to the reviewing stand, ;and, then as the music lulled three rousing cheers for our President were given, the old campus ringing as never before. Then came the games, athletic sports of all kinds, to say noth- ing of the initial flight of the Montgomery Aeroplane, but of that in the proper place. Suffice here to say that a day of unprece- dented pleasure was enjoyed. In the evening the campus was made resplendent under the combined effects of a grand electrical display, a bon-fire of huge proportions and fire works of every description. An open air programme amid tastefully decorated surroundings and a band concert were enjoyed. The programme consisted of a number of interesting and happy features. The band opened with the playing Of the new march " Santa Clara, " followed by the Glee Club ' s rendition of a new college song ' Alma Mater, ' composed by James P. Donohue, ' 82. Another feature of the evening was the Indian Club Fire Drill by the Gym class. One of the prettiest among the musical numbers of the evening was the march " Red and White " by Prof. J. Goetz and dedicated to Rev. Father Kenna. Then came the offering of the spiritual bouquet and the address of the evening. Martin V. Merle, who thus bespoke the sentiments of his fel- low students, referred to the tender care and solicitude Rev. Father Kenna displayed in our regard, and to the heartfelt love and respect felt by all his fellow students. He then presented him with the floral bouquet in which was laid the " Widow ' s Mite " in the shape of Five Hundred Dollars toward the fund of the New College subscribed by the students. Father Kenna responded in words overflowing with sincerity and afifection and with a loud and long three cheers St. Robert ' s Day was brought to a close. THE REDWOOD 427 The Annual Retreat ' True education " is a phrase that is frequently tossed from lip to lip and few there are who consider these words in their real significance. Man is duplex in his composition, and true education consists not only in the development of the intellect but also in the proper training of the moral caliber. It was therefore with this aim in view that the three anniversary days of Our Saviour ' s Passion and Death were spent in the annual retreat. This year its direc- tion was placed in the able hands of the Rev. R. H. Gleeson, S. J. TKe Lrectxire Wednesday evening, April 19, found us assembled in the College Theater to attend the lecture on ' Heroes, " delivered by the Rev. Joseph C. Sasia, S. J. Father Sasia was at one time the Superior of all the Jesuits in the CaUfornia Mission, and since his retirement from that high post of honor he has devoted his entire energies to the study of history, profane and religious. A lecture of this kind, coming as it did from one so well qualified to speak, proved most interesting. TKe Li Kt Eternal Just as we go to press, come the glad tidings that Martin V. Merle ' s new version of " The Light Eternal " has been accepted by Manager Bishop of the Majestic Theater in San Francisco, and that it will be produced in August next in San Francisco and then in New York City. The original of this miracle play, the parts in male hands, scored a tremendous success both at the college and in San Francisco at the beginning of the year. Since then Mr. Merle has entirely rewritten it and introduced new characters both male and female. To Mr. Merle ' s friends and fellow- students this should prove joyful intelligence, to the young play-wright ' s Alma Mater it proves the worthiness of her son. Ralph C. Harrison, ' 05. 428 THE REDWOOD AULD LANG SYNE The banquet held in the Community Refectory on Rector ' s Day was a great success from every standpoint and was much enjoyed by a number of the Alumni and other invited guests. Among the old boys at the table the familiar faces of the following were noticed: Harry E. Wilcox, ' 80, James A. Emery, ' 96, Rev. Wm. Flemming, ' 98, Michael Griffith, ' 98, Aloysius Welch, ' 98, Carl Fitzgerald, ' 01, Edward H. Cosgriff, ' 02, Chss. M. L,origan, ' 82, Dr. Fred Gerlach, ' 80, Francis M. Moroghan, ' 04, Pierre V. Merle, Com ' l. ' 03, and Baldo A. Ivancovich, Com,l. ' 04. Jas. A, Bacigalupi, ' 03, dropped in at the College while visit- ing relatives here in Santa Clara. Jim finds it possible to run down from the trying task of law every month and get a good fill of valley air. Michael Griffith, ' 98, distinguished himself in the Guest ' s Games on Rector ' s Day by carrying off one of the first prizes. If Mike can knock over his opponents as gracefully as he did the " nigger babies " nothing will ever stand in his way. So great was the success of the new Alma Mater song written by James P. Donohue, ' 82, and sung by the Senior Glee Club on Rector ' s Day, that it has been adopted as the College Anthem. We have just learned that Edward Cosgriff, ' 01, has given up law temporarily to accept a responsible position in the Internal Revenue Service. Our heartiest congratulations and wishes for vSuccess in his new enterprise. It is hardly necessary to mention here the great success at- tained by the world-startling invention of Prof. John J. Montgom- ery, Hon. Ph. D. ' 01. The Aeroplane is a success — the eyes of the en- tire world are on it — enough said. John J. I eonard, A. B., is at present visiting the College where he is lending valuable aid to Prof. Montgomery in his Aeroplane construction. Mr. Leonard is Prof. Montgomery ' s general man- ager, and the Aeroplane Company is to be congratulated on their choice. THE REDWOOD 429 ATHLETICS The past month has brought to a close what has been to the ' Varsity baseball nine, a successful and prosperous season. Of the nineteen games played by the wearers of the Red and White, a majority of them proved victorious. The team on the whole was not a heavy hitting bunch, but one of those nines that play team-work ball, which is sure to bring success. One of the strongest points of the ' 05 team was the fielding, this being especially marked in the batteries, both Boyle and Kil- burn holding the .1000 mark, while Wolter and Collins were close seconds. Among the rest of the players, Captain Feeney at second was the particular star, getting 108 chances with but five errors, — a record that would make a leaguer whince. The closing of the season was marked by the presenting of the Santa Clara monogram to the following players, H. Wolters, G. Boyle. C. Kilburn, J. Collins, F. Sigwart, C. Duggan, C. Byrnes and A. Shafer. The other three players, — Feeney, Durfee and Russell, being veterans of the ' 04 team, were above such good for- tune. Santa Clara 4 ' , BerKeley 3 Berkeley secured the final game of the series in a close and hard fought contest. The Collegians kept the lead over their op- ponents till the end of the eighth when they weakened, allowing Berkeley to score three runs and as many hits. Causley, who was first at bat in the eighth, walked. After him Bliss flew out to third, Graham followed with a single. Then came Heitmuller ' s single to left accompanied by a superfluity of errors on our part. When the excitement was over, it was found that HeitmuUer had reached home on his single, and that Berkeley had a lead of two runs. The batting features of the game was a three bagger by Wolter and a double by Guun. Durfee however secured the most hits, 430 THE REDWOOD getting three out of four, which scored three of Santa Clara ' s runs. The score: SANTA CLARA ' BERKELEY AB R BH SB PO A K AB R BH SB PO A B Feenej% 2b 5 i i o 2 o o Causley, ss 3 i 2 i 2 i o Duggan, ss 4 i 10222 Bliss, c 4 o i o 8 i o Collins, c 4 T o o 9 2 o Graham, ib 4 i i i 3 i i Russell, If 4 o T I T o I Heitmuller, p. ...41 i 03 o o Durfee, cf 4 032000 Jordan, If 4001000 Byrnes, 3b 4 o i o 1 o 1 Gillis, 2b 4111510 Sigwart, ib 4 o i o 8 o o Shafer, rf 3 o o o 3 o o Shafer, rf ,4 o o o i o i Sweezy, cf 3 o o o i o o Wolter, p 2 I I 2 o 6 o Gunn, 3b 2 i i 1 o 2 i Totals 35 4 9 5 24 10 5 Totals 31 5 7 527 9 2 SCORE BY INNINGS 123456789 Santa Clara i o 2 o o o o o i — 4 Base Hits 30101 1 i 2 o — 9 Berkeley o o i o o o i 3 — 5 Base Hits. o o i i 2 o o 3 —-j Summary — Three base hits, Wolter, Two base hit— Gunn. Sacrifice hit— Duggan. First base on errors— S. C. C. i, U. C. 2. Left on bases— S. C. C. 8, U. C, 5. Struck out by Wolter 8, by Heitmuller 7. First base on balls— Off Wolter 3, off Heitmuller 3. Hit by pitcher — Collins. Time of game i hour 55 minutes. Umpire — Perrine. Scorer— Shepherd. Santa Clara 17, Presidio 3 A return match with the famed Presidio nine, resulted in a second victory for the Santa Clarans. This time, however, the " Red and White " gained a more decisive victory over the boys in blue. T he game was very loose and one-sided throughout. The Collegians started the bombardment in the first inning, while the Presidio lads were blanked until the sixth, Boyle was able to hold his own against the visitors with ease, keeping the hits well scattered. Duggan and Boyle proved themselves strong with the willow, each securing four bingles; one of Boyle ' s resulting in a home run. Russell also lined out a four sacker with two men on bases. Sigwart and Feeney put up a brilliant fielding game for the THE REDWOOD 431 Collegians while Stayman was the reliable for the visitors. The score : SANTA CLARA PRESIDIO AB R BH SB PO A E AB R BH SB PO A H Feeney, 2b 2 4 i i i 5 o Cameron, 2b 4 i i o 2 i i Duggan, ss 6 440522 Stayman, ss 3 i o o 2 5 i Collins, c 3 010520 Myzell, lb 5 000700 Russell, If 5 2 I o o o o Conrad, c 4 i 2 o 8 i i Durfee,cf 3 000 100 Gannon, 3b 2020101 Byrnes, 3b 3 i i o i i i Bond, cf 4 o i o o o o Sigwart, lb 5 i i o 10 i i Rice, If 4 100201 Shafer, rf 5 i i o i o o Wilbur, rf 3 i 1 o 2 o i Boyle, p 5 3 4 I I I o Myers, p 4 o i o o i Wolter, cf o i o i 2 o o Totals. 37 17 14 3 27 12 4 Totals 33 5 8 o 24 8 6 SCORE BY INNINGS 124456789 Santa Clara 3 0242240 — 17 Base hits 2 o 1 2 3 i 3 2 — 14 Presidio o o o o o 2 3 o o — 5 Base hits o 2 i o o 2 2 i o — 8 Summary — Home.runs — Russell, Boyle. Three base hit — Wilbur. Two base hits — Duggan, Byrnes, Gannon, Bond. Sacrifice hits— Collins 2, Byrnes, Wolter. Earned runs — S. C. C. 12, Presidio 2. First base on errors — S. C. C. 5, Presidio 3. Left on bases S. C. C. 7. Presidio 4. Struck out by Myers 8, by Boyle 5. First base on balls — Off Myers 2, off Boyle 2. Hit by pitcher — Came- ron. Double plays — Boyle to Duggan to Sigwart. Time of game — i hour 55 minutes. Umpire— Kent. Scorer — Byrnes. Santa Clara 3, Stanford 2 It was the last of a five game series with the Cardinals, and the fourth game in which the " Red and White " proved victorious. The game was fast and interesting from start till finish. Stanford made one tally in the first inning and in the third Santa Clara evened up matters, when Byrnes drove a liner to right field scor- ing Russell. Things remained even until the seventh when each team scored a run on two hits. From then on Wolters steadied down to business, having the Cardinal batters at his mercy. Boyle who took Shafer ' s place in right field, took his turn at the bat in the ninth inning after two men had been retired. On being hit he received a pass to first and on the next ball stole second. Wolters who had already two hits to his credit lined a clean one over second and scored Boyle. Collins caught a remarkably fine game. His throwing to sec- 432 THE REDWOOD ond was a feature. Duggan at short received but one chance while Captain Feeuey captured nine out of ten at second. The Collegians were exceptionally clever at running the bases. Score: SANTA CLARA STANFORD AB R BH SB PC A E AB R BH SB PC A E Feeney, 2b. 3010631 Bell, 2b .3 i i o i o o Duggan, ss 4 o o o i o o Presley, lb 3 o o o 10 o o Collins, c ..4 012640 Fenton, 3b 3 021 140 Russell, If 3 I o I o o o Colbert, cf 3 001 100 Durfee, cf 4 o i o o o o Sales, p, 2 00002 i Byrnes, 3b 4 o i i 2 3 o Stott, c 3 o i o 10 i i Sigwart, lb 4 o o o 12 o o Dudley, rf 2 000000 Shafer, rf 2 o o o o o Chalmers, If 2 o o o o o o Wolter, p 4 I 3 I o 5 I Trowbridge, ss. . .3 010131 Boyle, rf o 101000 Theile, p 2 o o o o i o Cadwalader, rf....3 o o o o o x Totals 32 3 7 62715 2 Daly, 2b 2 i 1 o i o o Totals 30 2 6 2 25 11 5 Two out when winning run was scored. Duggan bunted third strike. RUNS AND HITS BY INNINGS 123456789 Santa Clara o o o i o o i o 1 — 3 Base hits o o i i o 2 2 o i — 7 Stanford 1 o o o o o i o 0—2 Base hits 2 o o i o i 2 o 0—6 Summary — Two base hit— Durfee. Sacrifice hits — Presley, Colbert. First base on errors — S. C. C. 2, Stanford 2. Earned runs — S. C. C. 3, Stanford 2. Left on bases— S. C. C. 7, Stanford 6. Struck out by Wolter 6, by Sales 5, by Theile 2. First base on balls— Off Wolter 2, off Sales i, off Theile i. Hit by pitcher — Stott, Bell, Russell, Boyle. Time of game — i hour 55 minutes. Um- pires — Maher, McFadden. Scorer — Shepherd, The following is a tabulated score of the work of the Santa Clara first nine and her opponents during the past season: SANTA CLARA G AB R BH SB SH PO A E Feeney, ib, 2b 18 61 18 17 9 o 67 36 5 Duggan, ss .19 79 17 21 4 5 46 38 24 Collins, c 19 69 8 23 6 4 148 33 2 Russell, 2b, If 18 70 8 17 6 3 19 11 11 Durfee, cf ....19 64 7 12 4 4 16 48 Byrnes, 3b 19 64 8 12 3 i 29 30 9 Sigwart, If, ib .18 60 4 6 o 2 106 9 6 Shafer, rf , 12 40 4 6 i o 28 5 4 Wolter, p 14 41 8 10 5 2 6 30 3 Boyle, p. 8 24 6 7 2 i 3 8 o Kilburn, p ...4 9 2 2 o o 2 7 o Friene, rf... 4 11 o o o o 3 i o 19 591 90 133 40 22 473 212 72 THE REDWOOD 433 OPPONENTS G AB R BH SB SH PO A F, Stanford. 5 153 8 19 15 2 124 61 19 Mayer Bros 5 170 34 42 22 3 134 62 23 California 3 96 13 19 lo i 80 28 5 Presidio 2 69 10 16 o o 52 t8 13 Clabrough-Golchers 1 37 6 10 2 2 27 15 5 Monterey i 30 3 i 2 o 27 14 2 Gantner-Matterns , . i 34 3 5 2 o 24 11 7 Pensacola i 33 4 6 o o 24 18 7 19 622 81 118 53 8 492 227 81 RUNS AND HITS BY INNINGS Santa Clara .10 12 14 10 10 8 13 7 6 — 90 Base hits 17 14 11 12 21 18 17 15 8—133 Opponents 3 4 7 4 11 14 19 11 8 — 81 Base hits 7 8 15 12 15 21 19 15 6 — 113 Summary — Home runs— Santa Clara 6, Opponents 2. Three base hits — Santa Clara 4; Opponents 4. Two base hits — Santa Clara 21, Opponents 17. Games pitched by Wolter 11, Boyle 7, Kiiburn i. Struck out by Wolter 95, by Boyle 39, by Kiiburn 12, by Opponent ' s pitchers 123. First base on balls — Off Wolter 32, off Boyle 15, off Kiiburn 6, off Opponent ' s pitchers 53. Left on bases-— Santa Clara 123, Opponents 101. First on errors — Santa Clara 50, Opponents 55. Earned runs — Santa Clara 60, Opponents 40. Average time of game— 1:50. Scorer— Shepherd. Batting Average — Santa Clara .225; Fielding Average — Santa Clara .905 Batting Average — Opponents ,189; Fielding Average — Opponents .898 R. H. Shepherd, ' 07. Field Day Rector ' s Day has come and gone and with it the inter-class Field Day to which every one had looked forward to with un- abated interest. The Field events, which form the main part ot the day ' s program, were pulled off with the greatest possible suc- success and the most gratifying results. From the 100 yd. dash to the " Nigger Babies " for guests, there was not a single hitch in the entire program. The field itself presented a gay and most spec- tacular scene. Transformed, as it was, from the campus, there was a brilliant spirit caught from its holiday attire. Flags and bunting floated everywhere along the track, and the 100 yard dash which extended through the magnificent triumphal arch in the center of the campus, presented a festive sight with its side lines 434 THE REDWOOD bounded with streamers of Red and White. The College Band in a conspicuous place in front of Rev. Father President ' s Reviewing Stand, lent valuable aid to the general program of events. The first sensation came when I eibert covered himself with glory, by winning the loo yard dash, and incidentally the Pullman Cup, which was the first prize, the gift of Mr. Sanger Pullman of Belmont. Young lycibert is a " wiz " all right, and has a great track future before him. His time in the lOO yard dash was lo 3-5. He also succeeded in winning the 240 in 24 seconds. The Basket Ball game in the afternoon between two picked teams resulted in a victory for the side captained by Blow, while Capt. Aguirre ' s Tug-of-war team carried off the honors in that event. The Track program and its results are here given in full: 100-yard handicap (Jrs.) — Ziffererwon, Bazett second. Time: 13 seconds. 120-yard handicapQrs.) — Fisher won, Durney second. Time: i2}i seconds. loo-yard dash (Srs.) — Leibert won, Brazell second. Time: 10 3-5 seconds. Relay race (Jrs.) — O ' Rourke team won, Robinson team second. Time: 2.32. 240-yard handicap (Srs.) — Leibert won, McKay second. Time: 24 seconds. Relay race (Jrs.) — Lappin team won, Fisher team second. Time: 1:20. Relay race (Srs.) — Brazell team won, Shafer team second. Time: 1.41. Fat men ' s race— Schmitz won. Time: 12 seconds. Pole Vault (Jrs.) —Gray won. Zifferer second. Distance 7 feet, 6 inches. Broad Jump (Jrs.) — Gray won, Peters second. Distance 16 feet, 4 inches. Broad Jump (Srs.)— Magee won, Scally second. Distance 17 feet 6 inches. THE REDWOOD 435 FIRST HONORS FOR APRIL. 1905 BRANCHES SENIOR jUNIOK Philosophy of Religion T. Leonard F. Lejeal Ethics R. Harrison Mental Philosophy F. Lejeal Mathematics C. Russell H. de la Guardia Physics ....... " J. Riordan F. Belz Chemistry J. Riordan, C. Russell F. Lejeal, R. Fitzgerald Political Economy R . Harrison R. Fitzgerald Advanced Literature J. McElroy, J. Riordan P. Kell Oratory J- Riordan R. Fitzgerald SOPHOMORE FR ESHMAN Philosophy of Religion M. O ' Toole L. R. de la Guardia, G. Hall . Latin H. de la Guardia, M. O ' Toole . .Richard de la Guardia .... Greek .H. de la Guardia Richard de la Guardia. J. Jones lre r oA n:} - y " ' ' ' - ' ° ' ' I- °S- Mathematics , T. Donlon, G. Sexton C. Freine i I. Bogan, J. Brazell, G. Hall. . . . History and Geography C. Byrnes, J. McKay -JR. O ' Connor, J. D. Peters ( J. Pierce, C. Smith, J.Seaton Elocution R- Hicks I. Bogan 1st ACADEMIC 2nd ACADEMIC ., . .- . ( L. Archbold,J. Daly M. Gal- ... . d« Christian Docttine -j j j jjilario, J. Zavalza. . . ' " Latin R. Archbold, G. Hall A. Bunsow Greek R- Archbold A. Ivancovich English Precepts, Author and I g 3 A. Bunsow Composition i Mathematics J. Zavalza L. Olivares History and Geography R. Reginald, C. Baum W. Hirst Civil Government W. Hirst Elocution H. Shields ' " «° ' ' Masterson. McCabe Elementary Science G. Boyle, J. Daly A. Bunsow 436 THE REDWOOD 3rd ACADEMIC 4th ACADEMIC Christian Doctrine J. Arias, C. Dransfeld E. Nolting Latin J. B. Arias I. Macmanus . . Greek F. Acquistapace ?otiSi«?n " ' ' ' : " " ' ' . " ' } Binningham T. Lannon Mathematics C. Dransfeld, I. McCarthy E. Comyns, W. Walsh, History and Geography I. McCarthy T. Lannon Civil Government C. Dransfeld Elocution J. B. Arias A. Prindiville Orthography , J. Irilarry rst PRE-ACADEMIC 2nd PBE-ACADEMIC Christian Doctrine , C. Castruccio T. Baird .... SplsiUor ' : " ' ' ° ' ' ' " ' I ' ' - Manha C. Kennedy Mathematics F. Manha W. Taylor . . History and Geography C. Castruccio T. Baird. . . . Elocution N. Talia A. Pereira. . Orthography A. Arias, F. Bazet W. Bensberg . SPECIAL CLASSES 1st SPECIAL 2nd SPECIAL Latin T. Donlon M.GalIardo,J.HilarioJ.Santos Greek T. Donlon F. Chandler 1st Special English Composition .H. Oswald 2d " " " J. Bantug, P. Carew 3d " • G. Masterson COMMERCIAL CLASSES 1st BOOK-KEEPlt G 2nd BOOK-KEEPIKO 3rd BOOK-KEEPINO Raul de la Guardia S. Gilfillan F. Chandler Supplement THE AEROPLANE " Santa Ciara " 1 PROF. JOHN J. MON ' IGOMKKY I ' hnl.i bv Hill THE RKDWOOn 441 THE aeroplane:, a scientific STUDY The problem of aerial navigation, having occupied the minds of men from the earliest ages with so Httle fruitful result, and being enveloped in a mist of obscurity, has given rise to the wildest the ories and speculations: in consequence of which there prevails to-day the most chaotic condition of opinion relative to the entire subject. Hence it seems advisable, before entering this discussion, to present a few preliminary statements, so that the question may be clearly defined and the successive steps in investigation and experiments understood. The flight of birds naturally suggests to everyone the idea of navigating the air, and its various phases seem to indicate the proper line of development. These in their natural order are : rising from the ground, continued flight, and soaring or gliding. Most of those who have experimented, have endeavored to follow this order, ob- livious to the thought, that the whole phenomenon of flight is based upon a set of laws unrecognized in mechanics. Herein lies the error that has caused such con f vision of thought and so many dis- couraging failures. This mistake is not to be wondered at ; for the simple easy movements of a bird, rising from the ground and glid- ing through the air, rob the subject of all suggestion of mystery or difficulty. Those who have follijwed this investigation have met obstacle after obstacle and have been forced back to mere humble attempts, and have been compelled to study elements that hardly suggested themselves at the beginning. As a result of this retreat in the face of obstacles, the proper order of study seems to be the reverse of that presented by nature. The reason of this will be apparent when we consider that the air is an untried domain of action, and the first step must be to derive safe support from it, just as in naviga- tion the first essential is to understand and apply the principles of equilibrium of a vessel. This must be the foundation on which all development of a vessel is based, and without which it is folly to consider any questions of steering or propulsion. 442 THE REDWOOD If this question of equilibrium of an aeroplane is solved we may securely launch our apparatus in the air, travel through it, study the various phenomena and finally obtain a mastery over it. The recent experiments, which I have per formed with aeroplanes, seem to justify the belief that the question of equilibrium is so far solved as to make it possible to glide through the air in safety, and control the direction of movement at will. Thus a basis of action is afforded and development becomes possible; while, on the other hand, without a knowledge and appreciation of the laws and principles underlying the various phenomena of flight, there is little hope of advance. In the following discussion I shall attempt to point out the most general principles and laws, with their special application to the simple m.ovements of gliding or soaring. My course of study and experiment has forced me to conclude that flight is based upon unrecognized mechanical principles, arising directly from the im- pact of elastic bodies ; and in its essence is the exchange of momenta between two bodies by the action of an elastic medium. In presenting this thought it is necessary to call attention to the formulas, relative to the impact of elastic particles. These formulae, though of long existence and universally known, con- tain elements which have either been overlooked or slightly noticed, but which are very surprising, and, apparently, against the most elementary mechanical principles. In them we find not only an explanation of the phenomena of flight, but also new suggestions relative to motion and energy. They are as follows: (A-f B) v = 2BU-f (A — B) V (A-f B)u=:2AV- (A — B)U Let A and B represent tvv o perfectly elastic bodies, having the respective velocities of V and U and let v and u represent their velocities after impact. In the present application let us assume that B is at rest and that, therefore, its velocity U is zero. If we assume that A is the greater in mass and moves towards B, it will, at the instant of impact, give to B a greater velocity than itself possessed. But if it is smaller than B, it will, on striking the latter, impart to it a greater momentum than it (A) had; for it impresses upon B the force of its impact and reaction. This must THE REDWOOD 443 not be understood as meaning that there is any creation of mo- mentum or motion; but that the mass A, at the instant of impact, imparts all its direct momentum, and, owing to the compression of the masses, is driven back and exerts an equivalent reaction. It is more than probable that either or both of these results will be seriously questioned by some, as there appear to be erroneous or incomplete ideas, among even students of science, regarding certain elementary questions of motion and force. This deficiency in knowl- edge seem.s to exist, because these questions appear too simple and rudimentary to require serious study. Consequently, deductions are drawn from partial investigation, which are far from being correct. By applying these formula we reach the follo ' wing conclusions : If two large elastic bodies (A and B) without motion are suspended in space (thus being free to follow any impulse) and a third, but smaller body, between them is given an impulse towards one of the larger (A), it will, at the instant of impact, transmit all its motion to A, and rebounding from it, exert a reaction due to its recoil. And traveling back towards the other large body, B, it will repeat the same process. And thus, the continued rebounding of the smaller body between the two larger ones will gradually give them move- ments in opposite directions. In other words they will exchange their momenta. An interesting element in this consideration is that either of the larger bodies may, after a time, have a greater momen- tum than was given originally to the smaller body. Yet if we take the algebraic sum of the momenta of the three bodies, we find it is always equal to the original impulse. The three bodies constitute a system and any motion imparted to one is given to the system ; and while this may result in opposite movements of the parts, the total movement in the whole system cannot exceed that originally imparted to it. These statements are made because the soaring of a bird has remained a mystery, so pro- found, that one of the foremost in scientific investigation has said " it seems to be in defiance of all known laws of nature, " and this is so, because of a too restricted comprehension of the phenomenon presented. Most, if not all, have considered a bird ' s wings as being surfaces suitably formed and adjusted to receive a pressure from a stream of moving air. While this is true in a certain limited sense, it is very far from being a proper statement of the case. THE REDWOOD The phenomenon, in its essense, is only a development of the problems just stated, viz., the exchange of momenta between two bodies by the action of an elastic medium between them; the wings being of such formation and adjustment as to induce a series of im- pacts of the adjacent air, between their surface and the surround- ing air; in consequence of which the bird and the air receive equal and opposite momenta. And hence we must conceive that the bird is not in itself a complete working device, but only one element of a system : the other elements of the system being the great mass of the surrounding air and the moving particles of that adjacent. This will become more manifest as the various elements of fluid movement are presented. NATURE OF FLUID PR.ESSUBE. AND SPECIAL QUESTIONS OF ENERGY INVOLVED Analysis and experiment show that the pressure of fluids is of two kinds: static and dynamic. The static is that of a gas or liquid pressing upon the sides of a closed chamber ; while the dynamic is due to the movement of fluid particl es, and is essentially different from the former in every respect. The failure to recognize fully the important difference in the nature of these two kinds of pressure is largely responsible for the mystery and confusion of thought relative to flight. In static pressure the problems are of extreme symplicity and are well un- derstood. But in dynamic pressure they are of the most complex and diflicult nature, involving questions of elastic impact of moving particles against surfaces and their impact with and interference by other particles and a return action against the surface, followed by other reactions from the surrounding fluid. In addition to this, there is involved a question of the appropriate shape and adjustment of the surface suited to produce some special result. And as flight is due to d)aiamic pressure it cannot be under- stood without a proper study of the questions stated. The elements of a fluid are elastic, and being such, rebound after impact from one another or from a surface. If it were possible to isolate a single fluid particle, it would rebound from other particles THK REDWOOD 445 of its kind or from surfaces just as a perfectly elastic ball. But owing to the vast number of particles of a fluid, the individual movements are blended into a general resultant which is expressed or manifested as a stream. And it is by a study of the movements of these elastic fluid particles that we are led to a knowledge of the mechanics of fluids in motion and the proper form and adjustment of surfaces introduced with a view to produce some special effect. This, applied in the present instance, reveals the secrets of the movements of the air induced by the action of a wing and its proper form and position. Before entering into a discussion of these movements and their results, I must make some simple suggestions, hoping that the reader may be thereby led into the subject, and thus be able to carry the general idea and see its development in the various principles and experiments presented. If we hold a square surface, the sides of which are equal, in a horizontal position and allow it to drop, it will, in its fall, force the air in equal whirls around its four edges. In this instance the work of gravity is divided between the falling surface and the air escaping around its four edges. Here the work expended in the air is divided equally in the four whirls ; but if the surface be very long and narrow, the work of gravity imparted to the air will be divided between the two whirls around the sides, those at the ends being too small to be consid- ered. If the surface thus descending be given a forward move- ment, it will cut off some of the escaping air, and thus receive an upward impulse, which is nothing less than the work of gravity the previous instant, returning to the surface, one of the first indica- tions of this return of energy being an increased pressure at the forward edge. Here we have the first element of the general principle stated in the beginning, viz : the exchange of momenta between two bodies by the vibration of elastic particles. The descending surface strik- ing the adjacent air-particles sends them downwards, but these meet- ing: the resistance of those below are reflected back and strike the surface. Tt may be noted, that the sugestion of a long, narrow surface 446 THB REDWOOD paves the way to an understanding as to why a bird ' s wings are long and narrow. FLUID MOVEMENTS An impulse in a fluid tends to the production of equal ana opposite whirls or rotations which vary in number and development according to circumstances. These may be studied either in air or water, the latter being preferable because of the ease with which the different experiments may be performed. The apparatus most suitable for this purpose is a large flat trough so arranged that a broad, shallow stream may be caused to flow over a flat surface. In the study of single impulses, this extended surface or sheet of water is at rest, but, in that of multiple impulses, it flows with a uniform motion and with a velocity that may be regulated, so as to make manifest the various phenomena. When the water is at rest, if a jet of air is forced ) from a small tube placed _____=-.» — r. _ - T near and parallel with the - - ' —-- ' -— ' ' ' ' ' ' surface, two opposite ro- !h j tations are produced as shown in figure i. : ' ' ' ' FIG I These are made manifest by particles of floating chaff and are due to the reaction of the water at ' B " against the impulse. The moving particles always meeting this forward-resistance are thrown into the two indicated rotations and the particles in these rotations, owing to their centrifugal force, press upon the surrounding fluid and tend to drive it away. Moreover, by their friction they impart their motion to the outside particles and thus increase the area of rotation. While at the same time the impulse A " forces the rotations forward, giving them a motion of translation towards B. " But if at the point " B " a small, flat surface is held in the path of the jet " A " these two rotations become more pronounced, are held in a fixed position, and by their influence produce two other rotations in the rear of the surface ' ' B, " these in turn give rise to a current " C, " as illustrated in figure 2. aws j ,.j i9 ' jf- ' THE REDWOOD 447 n 2t -- - B FIG 2 The first point to be noted in this experiment is that a flat surface meeting an impulse normal to itself develops four rota- tions ; and the second is, that the diagonally opposite rotations are in the same direction; i. e., i and 4 and 2 and 3. While these rotations manifest themselves first with a single impulse from the ject ' ' A " they exist whenever a flat surface is placed on a stream or moved through a fluid. If the surface " B " is held by the hand and given a gentle movement for a short distance through the water as shown by the arrow and then suddenly stopped, there will appear the four rota- tions of figure 4. FIG 3 These rotations, at the instant of their formation, move away from one another and from the surface in direc- tions indicated by the small arrows " e. " The next step leads us to the all- important phenomenon of fluid move- ments and reveals the secret process of gliding or soaring. If the surface ' B " instead of mov- ing normally against the water is held at an angle, as in figure 5, I A FIG 4 FIG 5 and the same operation indicated in figure 4 is performed ; we shall find that two of the rota- tions have disappeared and two diagonally oppo- site remain. These have their rotary movements 448 THE REDWOOD in the same direction, and are traveling in the directions e. " Fig. 6. It is further noted that the fluid around the sur- face has a general ro- C tation in the same direc- tion as those two; and further, the elements at Jr " d " travel upward against and press upon the forward portion of the surface while those at ' c ' " move down and against the rear portion of the upper surface. FIG 6 These varied movements of rotation, being all in the same direction, immediately blend and form one rotation if the plane " B " at the instant of stoppage is lifted from the water; and the final result in a whirl " C " , having j " " a movement of translation indicated by the arrow " D " y in figure 7. In these experiments we see 71 that a surface moving at an ' angle through a fluid builds y up a retrograde rotation, the j I ' C 1 particles rising in front and V descending in the rear. This i rotation and its elements may ._ not be observed in the ele- mentary test during the move- v ment of the surface, but are detected at the instant the FIG 7 movement is checked. Having noted these phenomena, we are directly led to the consideration of the appropriate surface for pro- THE REDWOOD 449 ducing and receiving the impulses of the complete rotation, which we find resulting from the action of a moving inclined plane. Various lines of thought lead us to this, but the simplest and most direct seems to come from a study of Figure i. FIGS Let ' A " and ' B ' ' represent the rotations at any instant shown in Figure i. Between these two rotations there is a common tangent line of reaction ' hC " . The circumferences of these rotations and their tangent represent the two extremes of restraint and perfect freedom of movement, and between these there are the curved lines ' d ' ' and ' ' e " representing the line of maximum uniform work. These curves are parabolic and the points of each are equidistant from the circumference of the rotations and the tangent hC " . These curves represent ideals of actions and reactions inter- mediate between the movements in a straight line and those of rota- tion. And their nature is such, that of two surfaces bent to this form and placed as indicated in a stream " f " the rectilinear movement of the stream would be thrown into the indicated rotary movements, while the surfaces would receive pressures in accordance with the principle, that a particle deflected from its course should react so as to develop equal work in equal time. These curves receive all the pressures from the rotations in the directions of the line hC " and hold them in a fixed position, the movements " g ' ' and ' ' i ' " pressing one against the other; hence one holds the other in balance. If one of the curves ' ' e " be removed, the balance of the system is destroyed as the movement " i " of the rotation ' B " is no longer 450 THE REDWOOD restrained by the opposite element " g " of the rotation " A. " To compensate for this loss and produce again the proper movements and pressures within the curve " d " , it is necessary to so place it in relation to the approaching stream, that the missing element of pressure " g " may be supplied. This position is found by drawing a tangent from the circumference of ' A " to " n, " the rear point of the curve. In this adjustment the stream should approach the curve " d ' as if coming from the direction " m " . ■rj If in accordance m w ' ' ' " " ' ' ' « .- principle we ' ' place the curve ' ' D " in FIG 9 a stream " m " we have a series of movements beautiful in the extreme and well calculated to inspire enthusiastic admiration for the phenomena developed in the soaring or gliding of a bird. To observe these movements, various expedients are resorted to. The bottom on which the water flows (in the apparatus already mentioned) and on which the curved surface rests is covered with sand and fine meal, and light chaff on its surface. FIG lo THE REDWOOD 451 The curved surface being in the indicated position in the stream the movements of the current, as it approaches, are shown by the arrows " s " . It reaches the curve in such a direction as to be cut by the point " a " . The portion reaching the under surface produces a decided pressure, greatest at " h " , and is continually thrown off in little darting movements " n " ; while that going above, creates a powerful suction at " f " and, being drawn down towards the curve surface, conflicts with the particles tending to escape around the rear edge. As a result of this, there is a rapid whirl at " m " and a violent agitation in the region " t " " t " . The arrows c " indicate a complete rotary tendency shown by the chaff floating on the surface. This rotation is perfect under proper conditions, as all the floating particles gather in the region of the curve and continue moving in a slow rotation, while the varied movements mentioned are taking place within the liquid. Here we have the complete operation of the movements sug- gested at the beginning, the downward thrust in the rear and the upward return-impulse in the front. Regarding the pressures on the different parts of the curve it may be noted that the effectiveness of the pressure at ' h " is very much increased by the suction at " f " ; while the effectiveness of that at " g " is greatly diminished by the impact of the descending stream on the rear upper-surface. Owing to these combinations the total pressure on the curve is located near its front edge : and hence the weight in an aeroplane or wing surface must be located here. This element is most important. as the weight is carried with a minimum forward resistance. While this is the ideal form and position of the surface, there must be changes in the adjustment of the curves near the center of a bird ' s wings, in consequence of resistances from the body, and there must be reverse changes in adjustment and slight modification in the form near the tips, in consequence of the escape of air around them. As a result of all these modifications, the wings in action have a sinuous form from the center to the tips. With this we conclude the theoretic and experimental studies. While it has not been possible in this short discussion to point out be formed and adjusted with a view to producing certain rotary all the laws, enough has been said to show that the surface must 452 THE RKDWOOD movements, and that the various parts of the surface must be co- ordinate and hence any change in one part must produce modi- fication of air movements in another. And again as the surface ex- tends its influence on all parts, there must be reciprocal modifications of form and adjustment of surfaces placed within the influence of one another. Guided by the practical suggestions given by these theories and experiments, I have constructed the aeroplanes used in the present work. As seen in the photographs they consist of two wing surfaces, parabolic from the point to the rear edge, a flat tail and a vertical fin, or keel. The two surfaces are so formed and placed that they tend to a uniform action in the building up of a general rotation, very much the same as if they v ere the front and rear portions of a large wing. To this extent they are the elements of a divided wing ; yet inasmuch as they are separate they have independent modified forms and ad- justments, the purpose of this arrangement being to obtain, by the use of two points of support, fore and aft equilibrium, and yet retain the elements necessary for the production of the complete rotary tendencies in the air. The rear portions of the wing surfaces are hinged at the center and are free to drop from above, but restrained in their upward movement by wires so adjusted that they may swing like the arms of a balance, yielding automatically to excessive air-pr essure on one side, or to the eflForts of the aeronaut in contending with unfavorable gusts, or in directing his course. The relative adjustment of these edges is such that the contour of the wings on either side may be similarly changed : or one side changed in one direction, while the other undergoes an opposite but reciprocal change. The tail is so placed relative to the rear surface that any change in its position immediately produces a change of pressure along the entire wing, thus meeting the requirements of fore and aft equilib- rium; these requirements changing with the variations of speed as the pressures on the surfaces move towards the front edge with increased speed and vice versa. The vertical fin serves partly to preserve the side equilibrium and is so formed and placed as to meet antagonistic requirements of pressure above and below the surfaces. By a change of the form and position of the rear sur- THE REDWOOD 453 faces the varied pressures necessary to the fore and aft equiHbrium are dcA eloped and the aeroplane may be caused to dart downwards, move horizontally or rise, or its motion suddenly checked. With proper manipulation the machine travels in a wave line through the air with a gradual descent, turning in circles to the right or left as the form of the surface on either side is modified. Owing to the generally prevailing vague ideas on the subject of flight, many exaggerated ideas have been expressed since my recent experiments, which I am unable to sanction, as these give rise to too radical conclusions which ma) lead to disappointment. It is no doubt true that the experiments were of the most ex- treme nature. For when the aeronaut, at an elevation of thousands of feet, cut loose from the balloon and trusted to the aeroplane, there were only the two alternatives before him : ruin or the perfect suc- cess of the experiment. Yet with all this, it is only one step in the solution of the prob- lem. But this step is important inasmuch as it is the result of theo- retical studies ; and the building and operation of the apparatus was in accordance with plans based upon these. The success of these first experiments, while giving evidence as to the correctness of the theories and their application, holds prom- ise of future development. This development must come from care- ful and patient work. And instead of being precipitous in ex- pectations, those who, from experience and disappointment, know the difficulties and dangers, will be content with each successful step, however small that may be, for in it they will recognize a nearer approach to the solution of this most difficult of mechanical prob- lems. Hence the rapid conclusions of those who are entirely ig- norant of the practical questions involved might be advantageously withheld John J. Montgomery, Ph. D. 454 ' J ' HE REDWOOD the: stort or the aesoplane Now that the world, this part of it at least, is convinced by the successful flights of March i8, and April 29, that the aeroplane, con- structed by John J. Montgomery, Ph. D., is a reality and a very striking reality, it will not be devoid of interest, to the lovers of prog- ress and to the patrons of genius, to have the particulars leading up to the invention, unfolded and discussed. It will be doubly inter- esting to learn that the aeroplane is not a hap-hazard or a fortuitous find, but the result of years spent in patient scientific research. It is hoped, too, that a clear narrative of the particulars leading up to the invention will have a tendency to remove, in part at least, any little prejudices that may remain in the minds of the ' wise. " Prejudice is ever apt to spring up against innovations. Conservatives we are, every one of us in spite of our boasts to the contrary ; it is a trait of human nature. When the carriage was introduced into England in 1564 the progressive magnates of the time thought it an unjustifiable innovation. It was called a " great sea-shell from China " and a ' ' temple in which cannibals worshiped the devil. " Fulton had even greater difficulties to contend against. He was mocked at home with ' ' Poor fellow! what a pity he is crazy! " and in England his steam appliances were cried dow n as late as 1817. The Journalist Jeffrey, when he saw a steamship on Loch Lomond, " hiss- ing and roaring and foaming and spouting like an angry whale, " expressed himself thus, " I am glad that it is found not to answer and is to be dropped next year. " About the same time a writer in the Quarterly Review spoke as follows: " As to the persons who speculate about making railways general throughout the kingdom and superceding all canals, all the wagons, mail and stage coaches, post-chaises, and in short, every other mode of conveyance by land and by water we deem them and their visionary schemes unworthy of notice. " We twentieth century folk laugh at these poor benighted forefathers ; but have we the right to laugh ? Not if we throw eyes and hands to heaven at the mere thought of a Hying machine. Man is made to walk the earth; why should he tamper with the vacant air. Softly, friend critic; how about the boundless ocean? We THE REDWOOD 455 plow the deep; why not the air? Why not indeed? That is the question. Professor Langley spent one hundred thousand dollars in an attempt to answer it, Professor Lilienthal lost his life in a similar attempt, and as far as flying was concerned the result in both cases was total failure. The thought of these failures is apt to prejudice us, but when one sees the actual and undeniably successful flight, he loses his prejudice. I have seen such and I must confess that it is with an effort that I can refrain from undue enthusiasm. The papers have called the machine the " human bird, " the " greatest discovery of modern times, " and so on through the whole vocabulary of exagger- ated terms. This enthusiastic admiration is justifiable to be sure, when the contrivance is seen, turning and soaring and standing still and swooping with graceful ease : but because the machine is not as yet what the Professor would make it, because it has not as yet the power of self-elevation, nor under all conditions the power of pro- pulsion I have determined to be somewhat reserved in this article and refraining from excessive praise of what has actually been accom- plished bring the reader through the preliminary steps that led to the glorious consummation of April 29th. The first thought of a flying machine came to the inventor at the early age of five. It came in this way. He had been observing for some time the fleecy white clouds floating through the air without any apparent sustaining power. In the evening when the clouds rested on the hill-tops, he asked some friends if it would not be worth while to climb the hill and see if there was not a way of mounting the clouds and riding through the air. Of course his friends did not go to the trouble, but the idea haunted the youth. Two years later the Montgomery family moved to Oakland and little John was still ambitious to fly. It occurred to him as strange that wild geese had more power for flight than their domestic rel- atives, and many a time he chased his mother ' s geese with a desire to see the effect. At the age of eight, he became interested in kites, and time and time again did he interrupt the more serious occupations of his mother to lirve her assistance in kite-making. He heard, about this time, from an old French neighbor, of the balloons used in France. It was a revelation to the boy, a realization of a long 456 THE REDWOOD cherished dream. People actually sailing in the airl This was Avhat he wanted, and forthwith his youthful imagination began to picture the balloon. It must be, he thought, an immense house- like structure with paddle wheels, like those which he had observed on the ferryboats when crossing to and from San Francisco. He had not long to wait, however, before an actual balloon ascension dispelled his imaginings. When he was eleven years Zach Montgomery, brought out the " Avitor " in San Francisco. The of age a certain Mr. Mariot, a friend of his father, the famous x vitor was a sort of cigar-shapea, dirigible balloon and aroused a considerable amount of interest and curiosity in the State. On the occasion of the first exhibition Zach Montgomery brought a picture of the machine home and the young John made immediate demands to see it. The demand was of course complied with and for the first time in John ' s life he saw the realization of his hopes, but not the thorough realization. The monster contrivance arose, but was by no means dirigible, the wind drove it in sport whither- soever it listed. On the following day one might have observed the little manly youngster intent on a toy balloon. Among his experiments he en- deavored to have the little gas-bag raise a hatchet, but of course it did not respond to the wish. More satisfaction resulted from another toy, the ' flying top. " With it he performed countless ex- periments ; he changed the shape of the blades, changed the angles, the curvatures, etc., trying to make it ascend higher than before. This was an important period of the invention. Of course every boy has had his kite-day and his top-day and his marble-day ; but not every one has seen in his own boyish way the principles in- volved, the impact of marbles, the rotary motion of the top, the forces acting on the kite. Montgomery was a natural scientist and during these boyhood years he thought of all these things. When at the age of fifteen the young man came to Santa Clara he formed a close friendship with Mr. Kenna (now Rev. Father Kenna). Many were the mutual chats between John and his in- structor. Though engaged in other pursuits besides science, his mind, following its natural bent, seemed to tend towards nature ' s phenomena and especially those of the heavens. Astronomy and flying were his principal points of inquiry and such was his scien- X. THE REDWOOD 457 tific bent generally, that though not of the scientific class, he was admitted at times to the laboratory to witness the experiments. Only one year was spent at Santa Clara, his education being completed at St. Ignatius College, San Francisco. During his first years at this latter place, he clung to his favorite subject and many were the experiments he performed, skimming flat-surfaces through the air and watching their movements. On one occasion an experi- ment of lasting influence was performed. Young Montgomery found a piece of sheet-iron, curved in a peculiar way at one end. He threw it from him and noticed it gliding through the air. Sud- denly while nearing the ground, it struck a weed and in striking changed its position. The result was that it paused for a moment and then ascending to a considerable height made an almost com- plete circle and falling with great force struck and held fast to a tree. The manner of its rising and its subsequent motion appealed to the curiosity of the youth and he concluded that there was some- thing there which was not fully understood and he determined in youthful earnestness to solve the mystery. His attention, however, was soon directed in another direction. When Montgomery entered St. Ignatius College, the experimental work of Father Neri, principally along electrical lines, was at- tracting universal attention and Montgomery turned his thoughts to electricity. He was present when the famous " Alliance Machine, " the parent of the dynamo, reached St. Ignatius College; he was there when Father Neri, S. J., performed his experiments on Market street with electric arc lights. But though science was uppermost in Montgomery ' s mind he did not neglect his other studies. In 1879 he was graduated and in his class were the Rev. R. H. Bell, S. J. ; Henry D. Whittle, S. J. ; the Hon. James D. Phelan, Ph. D., and the Hon. Francis C. Cleary. It was a class that any college in the country should and would feel proud of. After his graduation the Montgomery family moved to San Diego, where John built for himself a laboratory and supplied it with a valuable collection of instruments. During the day John was en- gaged on his father ' s farm ; but every spare moment was spent in his laboratory. There is a peculiar circumstance connected with this period of experimental work which may seem fiction, but it is not. Mention has already been made of Father Neri ' s " Alliance 458 THE REDWOOD Machine, " and we said that it was the parent of the dynamo. At all events it was the first machine of its kind ever introduced into America. It had been used as a source of power in producing light for the defensive work during the seige of Paris, and was secured by Father Neri immediately after the Franco-Prussian war. It is still at St. Ignatius College and consists of a number of magnets surrounding a revolving coil. At a public exhibition for the benefit of the Mechanics ' Institute in 1875, famous Jesuit scientist who worked the machine devised a scheme of strengthening the magnets by means of a current from a storage battery. Those who understand the make-up of a dynamo will recognize this as a rather near approach to the modern structure. But there was a still nearer approach a few years later. When Mr. Montgomery was fitting out his cabinet at San Diego, he endeavored to re- produce the " Alliance Machine " plus the improvements of Father Neri and his attempt resulted in a modern dynamo of great power. Surprised at the efficiency of the machine, he began a careful study of its workings, when lo! the scientific press announced the dis- covery of Farrenti and Thompson. It is an astonishing fact, but it is true, and the old neighbors of his home in San Diego, for whose benefit he used to perform experiments, can bear witness to the truth. But to return to the tiying-machine and the ideas that led up to it. It was a common practice of Montgomery to watch the flight of birds, to shoot them and study the relation between weight and wing-surface. On one memorable occasion, — memorable because it led to renewed studies of the subject, — he saw a flock of pel- icans hovering over head ; he watched their graceful motion through the air, their ascents and descents, their apparent pauses and the imperceptible effort made in remaining aloft. He shot one of them and found that it weighed 12 pounds; he measured the wings and they were nine feet from tip to tip ; he ascertained the wing-surface and found it to be by no mea ns of unattainable proportion to the weight of a man. On the following day he counted a similar flock of pelicans and found that they numbered one hundred. There then right above him he beheld 1200 pounds, sustained in the air, moving through the air with great velocity, rising with no apparent effort, resting with wings motionless and floating calmly in the THK REDWOOD 459 breeze. If twelve hundred pounds could be sustained and directed and held in equilibrium, why not two hundred? It is certainly pos- sible, if one can find the secret. These thoughts held revel in the young scientist ' s brain. To find the secret he accordingly set himself to work during his leisure moments. In fact I should remark that all of the Pro- fessor ' s work was done during leisure moments. He never al- lowed the flying-idea to interfere with his ordinary duties. His first actual experiment was in 1883, and it resulted in what he styles ' ' the first and only real disappointment in the study. " It was a wing-flapping contrivance built on the idea that a man with muscular effort could rise from the ground. He succeeded in flapping, as might be expected, but rise he could not; something else was necessary, and he accordingly constructed a double-winged concern, with the idea of alternate flapping; but it, too, failed, and he had to begin anew. This double failure had a good effect; he concluded very log- ically and sensibly that an attempt to fly outright was too bold an attempt, that the consummation should be reached through a grad- ual process, that it was necessary in the first place to secure a machine with equilibrium, one that would glide through the air in safety, and to this he devoted himself. In 1884 he constructed a pair of wings on the model of a sea-gulFs and with them descended from a height of over two hundred feet. It was a daring attempt, but its success spurred the scientist on to greater efforts. He re- moved the curvatures of the wings and made sundry attempts to secure equilibrium; but the plane-surface wing was a failure. At this juncture, with all his actual knowledge of air currents, he began an attentive study of the problem as set forth in the books ; he read the various theories with great chagrin, because none of them explained the phenomena which he had himself noticed. He searched high and low for an explanation of his youthful experi- ment with the piece of sheet-iron, but in vain. In his disappointment he turned his attention to independent researches, beginning with a self-constructed whirly-go-round. It consisted of an upright and a cross-beam, so attached as to revolve readily. The purpose was to place at either end of the cross-beam, variously shaped surfaces and at different angles, with a view to 46o THE REDWOOD study the air-pressure, while the surfaces were in motion. On one occasion he placed a surface at a definite angle in such wise that it could change the angle as it revolved and he attached an auto- matic contrivance to record the changes. Contrary to anticipation the surface began to flap or oscillate to and fro. This discovery was the starting point towards the present ma- chine. If the surface oscillated it was evident, that in this par- ticular case, the air-pressure against the surface was not, as one would have naturally supposed it to be, uniform, but of a pulsating nature. What was this pulsating force? Could it be possible that the surface produced movements in the air in advance of itself? Such were the questions which the young scientist set himself to answer. Going out into an open field where a slight wind was blow- ing, he threw some thistle-down into the air and observed that it was carried along on the wings of the wind gracefully and deter- minately, until nearing a broad, fiat surface, which was introduced at some distance, it turned, approached and glided around the sur- face, and then continued in a long wave-like curve resembling the floating of an immense flag. This phenomenon suggested three fundamental, working ideas ; I. What is the cause of those movements? II. What has the surisLce-shape to do with them? III. What is the nature of collision between the moving air and the surface ; is it elastic impact or simple static pressure? This last question, being more fundamental and containing, in its solution, an answer to the other two, demanded first attention. It was approached through an earnest study of mechanical laws generally. Light refraction occupied the scientist for some time; then he studied the nature of and the effects produced by different forces applied to the gyroscope while in motion. These experi- ments led to many and varied conclusions which may be discussed at greater length later on. The foregoing experiments took place in San Diego on the Montgomery farm, during the years between 1886 and 1892. It was then that the inventor ' s father, the Hon. Zach Montgomery, was filling the office of Assistant Attorney General of the United States and accordingly the things at home were left in the hands of the young fellows. John led the way and interested his brothers THE REDWOOD 461 in science, so much so, in fact, that their mother was compelled time and time again to scold them for not keeping reasonable hours. She was afraid that John ' s health would suffer and urged on him a greater amount of prudence in his research work. In 1893 John went to Chicago, anxious among other things to attend the Aeronautical Congress. His ambition was more than satisfied; he not only had an opportunity to attend the meetings of the Congress, but for his knowledge of the subject he was made a member, and so enjoyed, during the sessions, a privilege which in his diffidence he had hardly looked forward to; he was permitted to take part in the discussions as a member of the Congress. His admission happened this way: on one occasion he was present at the reading of a paper composed by the famous Professor Langley. The subject was ' ' The Internal V ork of Wind, " and naturally enough it recalled some experiments which Montgomery had him- self performed. Spurred on by a desire to speak, the youth waited on the celebrated Mr. Octave Chanute, the then President of the Congress, by whose courtesy the youthful Calif ornian was given what he sought and had ample opportunity to discuss matters. This honor and the additional one of being admitted as a mem- ber of the Electrical Congress encouraged the scientist, and so when he returned to California in 1894 he began his experiments anew, this time with liquid movements. His position of Professor at Mt. St. Joseph ' s College gave him ample opportunity to study the sub- ject. The results of his investigations will be found in the Pro- fessor ' s own article. These experiments were performed in 1894. From that year until the fall of 1903 nothing special was undertaken in the flying direction. Mr. Montgomery has been at Santa Clara for eight years, engaged, most of the time, with Rev. Father Bell, S. J., on Wireless Telegraphy and other electrical phenomena. In 1903 he constructed his first aeroplane with a view to study the subject scientifically. In fact all of his work has been scientific. When, however, he found that his machine was perfect in point of equil- ibrium, he determined to experiment. In the summer of 1904 his first trial took place; in March, 1905, he tried again and on April 29tli he demonstrated clearly and unequivocally that he has an aeroplane of wonderful power and of still more wonderful promise. A description of his last two flights will be shown in subsequent articles by eye-witnesses. D. J. K. 462 THE REDWOOD THi: SUCCESS or march isth In view of the great interest taken in Aviation at the present time, considering especially the event of the Aeronautical C ongress held at Paris in February last, when the principles relative to the flight and management of aeroplanes, in contradistinction to the diri- gible balloon, were fully discussed and a great number of working models shown and examined, it is with great pleasure and with a con- siderable degree of pride that we put before the public what has been so successfully accomplished in this direction right here in California. The problem to be solved by means of plane or curved surfaces is termed ' ' Aviation ' ' and it may be divided into two parts: (i) the balancing of such surfaces in the air and their dirigible management ; (2) the raising of such surfaces from the ground by some power residing in the machine itself. The solution of this problem has seriously engaged the attention of scientists since the beginning of the latter half of the last century. Some tried to solve both parts of the problem at once, while others