University of Santa Clara - Redwood Yearbook (Santa Clara, CA)

 - Class of 1903

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University of Santa Clara - Redwood Yearbook (Santa Clara, CA) online yearbook collection, 1903 Edition, Cover

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Text from Pages 1 - 478 of the 1903 volume:

Digitized by tlie Internet Arcliive in 2013 littp: cletails redwoodunse_5 Library of UmVerslIy cf Santa Clara 6 e R EDWOoi Santa Clara I SANTA CLARA CALirOR N I A ' -«s-4 - - •■ » ' - •♦- -♦•• SEPTEMBER. 1905 ' r ' ' f %L : ' T ' 3 ; : r ' Ji , r, n THE REDWOOD fjriiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii imi iiniiiiiriiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiig I 1 I Foss Hicks Co. i s No. 45 West Santa Clara Street S saiTjoseT I Real Kst ate Loans | Investments i A select and up-to-date list of just such properties as the Home-Seeker and Investor wants. I TISJ T T TP A TKir tr ' ACCIDENT | i 1 i V O LJ jfV y-L i V O XZ IN THE BEST COMPANIES = The Fullest Information Regarding All Lines of Business. § I Should lay aside a portion of his | income or allowance. E Open an account with this bank, = starting in with a small deposit and | adding to it regularly each week or = month. I Try this plan and you will be sur- i prised and gratified with the results. = I The Santa Clara Valley Bank | Every Young Man s SANTA CivARA, CAIy. = I E iiiiiiimiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiriiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii THE REDWOOD imiiniHiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiimiiiiiiniiiiiiniMiiiiiiiiiniiiinniiiiiiiiiiiiiiriiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiin if? and Jack E 5 Sporting Goods 5 I jTbbtrB™ Qarnot Dermody | 5 Sundries E The 1903 Light and Yale BICYCLES I Baseball, Tennis f ' " « " - " Golf and Football Supplies Phone 975 Black 69 South Second St San Jose Seaside Store, Santa Cruz Santa Clara and I os Gates ♦276 Church Street S S. IvEASK CROSBY I EASK N. Y. OFFICE I I Pop ©aridios I ar d leG ©poarri %- % " I S , That ©arjnot bo E:?5:©olled - C tRfl C ji, SANXA CI ARA 5 Delivered in Santa Clara and All Parts of San Jose. = I I iiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinmiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiniiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiin THB REDWOOD iiiitiiinniiiiiiHmiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiniiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimimiiiiiiiiiiiiiif I C THAT TO T l T T T ' TTD ILJf A TT Agent for tlse Celetorsited KLnox Hat = iO 1 i . U r . ri i Telephone Black 393 = Groceries and Provisions | Teas, Coflfees, Flour Tinware, Agateware E Feed, Potatoes Glassware, I,amps, Crockery = Fancy Canned Goods Wood and Willowware S 4 Santa Clara. J. W. BI,ACK, Proprietor Tlr Q j od-Ql ©loth|irig Housq The Best Store in Town for Men ' s and Boy ' s Clothing Corner First and San Fernando Streets SAN JOSE, CAL I H.E SKINNER CO. I 8oi Market Street San Francisco FOOTBALL, TENNIS TRACK, BASEBALL AND ATHLETIC RURNISHINCS Tights, Trunks Suit Cases E Jerseys and Traveling Bags = iiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiniriiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiii THE REDWOOD 1 goldsfein Co« i Tncorporatcd Costvmcrs, Decorators and «8 ' Theatrical Supplies 733 Market Street, San Francisco, Cal. Opposite Grant Avenue, Telephone Main 1615 Cbc Cargest and most Complete Costume liouse on tbe Coast Official Costumers for all Theatres in San Francisco and on the Coast, also, Furnishers for Santa Clara Passion Play, Bohemian Club open air Festivals and for all Carnivals on the Pacific Coast. BUSINESS COLLEGE Established 40 Years. Open entire year. The great Business School in the metropolis of the West. The oldest, the largest, the best. It has trained 20,000 people. Its annual enrollment is 1,000. Its average daily attendance is 500. Between 700 and 800 calls every year for graduates of the college. Nearly 100 Type-writing machines in the Typing de- partment, 30 teachers. It cannot supply the demand for its graduates. Get the best business education. Go where the opportunities are the greatest. Send for catalogue. Day and night sessions entire year. Address, E. P. HKALD, President Z4 POST STR15BT, SAN FRANCISCO, CAI, THE REDWOOD { G. R. BENT SON Keep Everything in tiie IVIusic Line. Give this House a Call. Telephone Blue 432 35 South Second Street, SAN JOSE Jetikities " 114 and 116 Soutb First Str««t Tasbions in Sa«3ose. €al. Illeil ' S FumiSbiliaS { We Make a Specialty of Catering to College Students Their demand as to Styles, Color, Combination and patterns are entirely difierent from other people. We realize that difference and meet it. May we serve you? Carmichael, Ballaris Co., Outfitters tor all Mankind 55-61 South First Street SAN JOSl Sundries and Repairing Telephone Grant 425 Columbia Cyclery Columbia and Cleveland Bicycles G. E. MITCHBI I , Prop. 1177-1183 Franklin Street, Santa Clara E. H. GUPPY SON Blank Books, fountain Pens, Tine Writing Paper Telephone Red 322 31, 33, 35 K. San Fernando Street, San Jose THE REDWOOD li Conviction I Comparison Carries OVLT Big Mill has surpassed last season ' s splendid record . The " 1903 " G. M. line Sweaters, Jerseys, Gymnasium, Track and Football Goods, Is the best show in Quality Style and Price Order Direct from us or ask your Dealer for the G. M. Brand Gantner Mattern Co. ; I 20 POST STRBBT SAN FRANCISCO A. J. RHEIN JEWELER 15 Santa Clara Street San Jose, Cal. nelson ' s Studio ana Uiew$ Newest I ine in Photography views of all kinds taken to order at most reasonable prices. If anything you do not understand happens to plates, bring them to us and we will instruct you as to same. Best Cabinet Work $3.00 per Do en , Phone Clay 421 11 93 Franklin Street Cry the €! eabinef Cigar ; J. HOWARD PAYN] , Distributor Phone Red 1542 109 South First Street, San Jose, Cal Portraits S « THE REDWOOD Painless Extraction Charges Reasonable [ »R. H. O. F. MENTON ' Telephone Grant 373 Office Hours— 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. Rooms 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Bank Building, over Postoffice g k Most Modern Appliances Santa Clara, Cal. the Best ever Stuarfs Special $3,50 Shoe Patent Kid Patent Colt Vici Kid Bex Calf Vehms Calf Dozens of Handsome Styles Stuarfs Cbe Best $boe Store 23 E. Santa Clara Street, SAN JOSE J. H. SULLIVAN Plumbing Qas Fitting, Cinning •W Repairing Promptly Attended to 70 East Santa Clara Street, San Jose •K I atest Double Gear Samson Windmill Res.— N. E. Corner St. John and Third Sts H •• Phone 151 East " ( Jacob Eberhard, Pres. and Manager John J. Eberhard, Vice.Pres. and Ass ' t Manager H Eberhard Tanning . Tanners Curriers and Wool Pttllerii Harness-Ivadigo and Lace Leather Sole and Upper Leather, Calf. Kip and Sheepskins Bberhard ' s Shirting I eather and Bark Woolskin SANTA CLARA, CAL " lyUMEN IN C0B1.0 " (Sonnet) . - - Sophomore i Alma Matkr - Rev. Joseph P. McQuaide, A, B., ' 88 2 Bob Ardkn ' s Brother - - - John M. Regan, ' 04 4 The Builders of the West (Poem) John Riordan, ' 05 13 College Ideals and Public Life . D. Phelan, Ph.D., ' 03 17 One Star (Poem) Freshman 20 The Son of Squaw ' s Peak - M. V. Merle, Soph. Spcl. 21 In lyEONEM Decimum Tertium (Poem) ... 28 The Passion Play and the Critics Edw. W. Kirk, ' 05 30 Editorials — Alumni - - - - 37 Back Again 38 Football Enthusiasm 39 Leo XIII 40 Prayers for the Departed Pontiff - - . - 42 College Notes 44 In the Library 53 Exchanges 59 Athletics 63 Nace Ptintiag Co. unidCT beu Santa Clara, Cal. John W: L)rnQS Officers of the vStudent Body. Entered Dec. i8, 1902, at Santa Clara, Calif, as second-class mattery under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. Vol.. II. SANTA CI.ARA, CAL., SEPT. i, 1903. No. i LUMEN IN COELO. • ark clouds of anarohy had veiled ihe J fesi nd iumuJis of a mi hiij, hidden power ere heard afar and near, in that dread hour hen io ono, kindly (pontiff, pressed is dyin lips upon ihe Jma£e Jblesi f S)esus rucified. he ancieni dower pf Jlome is losiP h no! from eastern hower lih streaming li hi, iernal eaven ' s hequesij, he iar of J eo rose, and der ihe hark S f i 2 " , iossed hy winds and iempesis, shed Jis hrilliani rays, and Jo! ihe darkness fled. las for us, ihai souLinspirin£ spark Js quenched in deaih; hui hrisi siill shields his flock, iill hreaks ihe siorms ihai smiie ihe iernal Jiock, Sophomore. THE REDWOOD. ALMA MATER. Response to the toast " Alma Mater " at the Alumni banquet May 28, 1903. Reverend Fathers, and Gent icemen: One of the pleasantest duties I have been ever called upon to perform is to express, as I hope to, here and now, my heart ' s love for old Santa Clara College. Santa Clara College! How shall I address her? It were needless here to speak of her founding and her founders, of her growth and progress, or of her proud and glorious name. We might instead, as we sit here to-day amidst the scenes of our boy- hood, with the ' chimes of memory ' s bells pealing through the mist of years, " wafting in strains melodious the many sweet and tender recollections of our alma mater — give place to the affection that springs from memory ' s hallowed fount. And yet we might do something better — we might for the few moments dwell upon that which with every justice and propriety can be called the irredeemable debt we owe our alma mater. When we left these old walls and began sailing on the turbulent waters of the world we each took away with us a pilot, and for the fairly successful and happy voyage the most of us have had we must after God thank that pilot — the essential and substantial principles of Santa Clara. She had taken in the great world ahead of us, and she knew, as we know better now than when we were here, the devastating powers of the world ' s allurements. And be it said, whatever suc- cesses we have had against these same allurements we secured by the help of the means which we received from her gracious hands. She reminded us particularly when we were leaving her that in society there was a place assigned to us by the Almighty, and tliat for the filling of it, labor is an indispensible requisite, and that we must labor till we reach the grave. She reminded us that our duties to God exact special attention, inasmuch as we are but creatures, finite and material, consequently subordinate to a Creator infinite and spiritual. This and much more she has taught us, and for all of it we THE REDWOOD. are deeply and forever grateful. We can never pay to our Alma Mater what we owe her. The very least however, we can do is to love her and to wish her well. But, as she told us when we were leaving these familiar scenes, it is not by elaborate com- pliments, but by our good conduct and steady habits that we can show that we wish success to our college home, and therefore, we should exert every muscle, sinew and nerve in endeavoring to be come good citizens of the world. It is by doing our work sub- stantially, not superficially, that we contribute our share to the at- tainment of progress in our respective communities, as well also our share to the well deserved credit of our Alma Mater. We may express our sense of gratitude in more ways than she asks or expects of us. Would that her children, so bountifully endowed by her, had raised up ere now an enduring temple of brick and stone making her free and above every want to scatter her riches on countless generations! Happiness and prosperity forever reign within thy walls, oh. Alma Mater, peace and contentment to thy loving sons, and may they continue to ascend gloriously and victoriously the paths of truth which herein shine resplendently on every side. And whilst for some, the youngest among us, the " brows of the future may be radiant and fair " they can never compare, as we shall dis- cover, with the withered leaflets of the past. ' ' For dear is each dead leaf and dearer each thorn in the wreaths which the brows of our past years have worn. " Rev. Joskph P. McQuaid«, A. B. ' 88. THE REDWOOD. BOB arde:n-s brother. It was a jolly party that all but filled the noon train to La- guna, jolly in spite of the fact that every individual of the party realized that he was approaching the walls of a College where work was to be the predominant feature of the next ten months. Some, it is true, looked forward to a life of ease and pleasure; but they were destined for the hardest of all hard work — killing time. As the first view of the distant College b urst upon the mixed gath- ering of students a momentary silence held them bound and they looked anxiously through the open windows. Soon however, a vigorous out-burst of college yells betokened the spirit with which they were returning to I aguna. In one corner of the car a joy- ous sextet set up an impromptu parody on one of the popular airs and the youthful quips worn and ragged from use upon every year ' s return were bandied back and forth in new and startling forms. Valises and overcoats were hastily collected and as many iiS possible gathered on the platforms singing and cheering ve- hemently; yet withal a little dull pain at heart directed their thoughts back to the scenes of home. A few miles as yet separated them from the College and the train leaped joyfully through orchards and meadows rich with a variety of scents and hues that might almost rival the world- famed Tempe. Now green and golden where the peaches nestled in cradles of luxuriant foliage, now purple and silvery where the ripening prunes hung in healthful abundance, again all a silvery green with olive trees clad in their perennial garb — the scene was more like an avenue of Eden than an approach to I aguna Uni- versity. The students took inspiration from the surrounding grandeur and felt as if they were approaching a fairy land instead of the dull precincts of a College whose pinnacles were now seen towering over the foliage and the golden hands of the chapel clock glistened in the noon-day sun. At length the depot was reached. Wild shouts, as it were of triumph, filled the air and the noisy students descending in a crush from the car steps and rushing about for baggage and bun- THE REDWOOD. dies announced to the quiet town-folk that they had come. Old Roman was there gathering their checks, and he smiled with a good natured smile of welcome to the old boys and looked scrut- inizingly at the group of strangers who were waiting for some of the wise ones to start the march Collegewards. It was but a short distance to the campus and the boys hur- ried along in groups of two or three, for the most part, and soon realized that they were back for another year. The new comers stood aside and admired the spirit and jollity of their future com- rades, contrasting it with the spirit of former colleges. Jack Demerrit, the yard leader, had already attracted a goodly crowd of students and arrangements were made for a general dis- cussion among the Demerrit clique as to the prospects for the com- ing year. At an early hour in the afternoon the ' Inseparables ' (such was the name afl xed to Jack ' s coterie) gathered together at the old oak which for years had been the sanctum of the yard leading faction. For fully an hour they sat beneath the wide spreading branches, planning and plotting as only students can for the year ' s work, telling their vacation experiences and lament- ing the loss of old friends, till at length the all-absorbing topic of footballl was begun. All the ' ' Inseparables " except " Doc " Dirk whose penchant was for things less strenous, were players of more or less efficiency. Three of the six were entitled to wear the white L, while the other two were considered promising candi- dates for the same mark of distinction. So it was natural for such a gathering to discuss football possibilities. They talked about the old players who were left and about the new material, until the conversation was turned to those who would no longer don the the padded armor in the battles for Laguna ' s honor. Frank Nunn and Bob Arden, their late leaders, were the principal heroes who came up for consideration. Of the former they spoke long and affectionately. He had been a true friend to them, as we have seen and they deeply regretted their loss, for Frank was not to re- turn to Laguna. But it was of Bob Arden that the longest and highest enconiums were spoken. Bob had been one of the most popular fellows Laguna had ever seen. A football and baseball star, a crewman and a debater, he was admired by all. It was however his goodness of heart, his THE REDWOOD. unselfishness in action and his bravery in carrying out his convic- tions, that was the real secret of his popularity. To be popular among university students, one must be a good fellow and at the same time be ignorant of the fact himself. Such was the case with Bob. It was no wonder that the " Inseparables " talked long of him and that a silence fell on the gathering when the subject was exhausted. Soon however " Doc " Dirk introduced a new topic by calling attention to a freshman who was lounging on a bench near at hand. " If that isn ' t a small edition of Bob, I ' m no judge of looks, " he remarked, turning around to get a better view of the lad ' s face. Attention was directed that way, and the freshman, noticing it hastily got up and walked towards the end of the yard. There was indeed a great resemblance. He was shorter by perhaps an inch and would tip the scales at about 175, fifteen pounds lighter than Bob, but he had the same broad shoulders, tapering to his well formed legs, the same strong white neck, the same erect inde- pendent carriage that made Bob Arden a distinguished figure anywhere. There was also a resemblance in his face. His jaw was square, though relieved by the faintest sign of a dimple, his forehead board and high enough to give it character, and his mouth curving upward in either corner showed his fun-loving dis- position. But his eyes were his chief charm; grey, sharp, laugh- ing eyes, that could blaze in sudden anger or soften in pity. They had that indefinable clear limpidness that shows a perfectly con- ditioned body and clean, healthy life. Altogether he was a good specimen of a college youth — well set-up, intellectual, cheerful. As he turned the bend in the walk, amid the general affirma- tion of the Doctor ' s remark Jack exclaimed, " At all events he is the makings of a football player, if ever I saw one. He ' s built for it and if he isn ' t a whole bank of sand I miss my guess and the treats to a French dinner on me. " Jack had hardly finished his hasty judgment of the freshman when the big bell sounded an- nouncing the lunch hour and in a few moments ranks were formed beneath the old veranda. Two days later the first football rally of the year was held on the campus. All day the Seniors and Juniors had been preparing for it and a general sense of excitement was everywhere. In the THE REDWOOD. center of the campus a huge pile of tarred boxes and great sticks of wood marked the sight of the bonfire, the bandstand was decked in gala hangings of green and white, while near the stand a plat- form had been erected for the speakers of the evening. Seniors, Juniors and Sophomores had chosen their respective leaders, their songs and class hats; but the Freshmen had come together too re- cently to attempt any regular organization. At dusk the crowds began to gather and the town -folk swelled the ranks anxious to watch the wild and animated celebration. The stars had just begun to put in an appearance when the different class leaders advanced with torch in hand to the pyre, around which all had now assembled. The faculty representative of the Freshmen applied his torch to a fuse that was connected with the shavings in the interior of the pile, and in a few moments the flames played redly around the base until suddenly coming in contact with the kerosene it clothed the immense heap in one ma- jestic flame, that drove the gathering shadows back to the shelter of the trees. The band struck up a lively air and from each of the four sides rushed a living catapult of boys who surrounded the fire and danced as madly and as wildly as savage Indians. Chaos reigned until, the Seniors leading, ordered ranks were formed for a grand march. It was a delight to watch the enthusi- astic youths marching about now two and two, now in fours and again in single file in the lockstep movement; shouting and sing- ing and cheering like madmen. In serpentine evolutions they hoisted the white, blue and red hats of the different classes, alternately passing within the circle of light, while the Freshmen, unable to form suitable ranks swelled the clamor from without. At length they swung round towards the bandstand and at a signal from the leaders all was quiet. The musicians soon interrupted the silence by suddenly sounding forth ' %aguna for Aye. " The baton rose in air and the whole body sang in perfe ct unison the spirited college melody, composed last year by Bob Arden himself. When the last lines were finished every hat was sent high into the air and wild cheers broke out anew, lasting for several minutes, until the faculty re- presentative made bis appearance on the platform. He was a man who long since had donned the toga of seriousness, but who THE REDWOOD. realized what it was to be a boy, for he was once a boy himself, and so entered with earnestness into any and every sport that tended to elevate the youngsters who were under his care. In a few apt words he stated the faculty ' s approval of athletics and in- troduced the manager who had been elected the day previous. Three times three were given and the manager stepped forward to address his fellow students. He urged the boys on to work for the honor of Laguna, reassured the squad that their endeavors would not be unappreciated by the student body and concluded by modest, manly thanks for the honor conferred upon himself. The usual amount of applause was given and Jack Demerrit was called upon to speak in the capacity of captain. As he waited for the cheers to cease, the fire cast its light upon him and sil- houetted him against the sky, where the moon shone silvery through the few fleecy clouds scattered about the heavens. He was in truth a model for the painter ' s brush. His frame well built, his face strong and intellectual, the sparkle in his eye, and the rich flow of blood under his snow-white skin were but mere trifles when compared to the generous unselfish heart that was now throbbing within. Thus Jack stood before the audience waiting his opportunity to begin and every one felt satisfied with the re- sult of yesterday ' s election. Even the followers of Hargrave were led to appreciate the sterling qualities of Jack Demerrit. An opportunity at last arrived and a manly, stirring address he gave which made the blood of the individual members of the squad run riot through their viens and forced a tinge of envy into the hearts of such as did not intend to share in the grid- iron sport. At the end of his speech he alluded modestly and prudently to the clOvSeness of the contest for captain. There had been two candidates for this place of honor, Del Hargrave and himself. Both had factions in the student body and both had supporters in the team. Though Jack had the greater number of student fol- lowers, his popularity with the team, or at least with the nine old members whose preogative it was to vote, was about equally bal- anced with that of his opponent. Hence Hargrave felt confident of winning, and Jack had not given the election a single thought, until the result of the vote had shown five to four in his favor. He THE RKPWOOD. accepted the office with reluctance at first, but when Hargrave re- fused to shake hands after the election, he felt a feeling of glad- ness that such a mean character was defeated. When warned by his friends to be on his guard against Del he only smiled and said, " ' The difficulty will soon blow over. When we begin work he ' ll forget it. " Jack ' s allusion to this trouble was, without his knowing it, the most triumphant portion of the address. " Two of us were candidates for the office which has been giv- en to me, " he remarked. " I did not seek it. I did not expect it; but it seems to be the wish of the yard and " — He was inter- rupted by a violent applause which indicated the truth of his re- mark. — ' ' And as long as I am captain of this team, every one, be he Senior or Freshman, big or small, will have an equal chance for a position. Careful judgment of every man ' s worth will determine the make-up of our eleven. " When the shouts and cheers of the enthusiastic students died away, the name of Hargrave was echoed through the yard, but Hargrave could not be found. He was in a distant corner biting his lips and digging his nails into his palms from disappointment. Meanwhile the Freshman, who had attracted the notice of the " Inseparables " on the opening day, was near the platform and as Jack finished no voice was louder than his, no sentiments truer than those which agitated his heart. Throughout the whole even- ing he had been at the highest pitch of delight. Now under the spell of Jack ' s last words he had resolved that, if honest, conscien- tious endeavor could win him a place on the team, he would win it, or at least labor for the success of the team in the capacity of the unsung heroes, of whom Demerrit spoke, who willingly help to give the team practice though no personal reward ensues. But with all his mighty resolves he felt a sudden feeling of solitude when he reached his room that night. He could not sleep and his thoughts wandered back to scenes of home, so diff ' er- ent from the wild, rough time he had had on the campus, and he walked to and fro in his room sighing deeply. Homesick and tired he heard the first chime of the twelve o ' clock bell before he real ized that the night was passing. He determined therefore to go- to bed and if possible forget his trouble; but hardly had he thrown lo THE REDWOOD. the bedclothes back and knelt down for his night prayers, when a low murmur in the next room attracted his attention and he was on his feet again. The thought flashed through his mind that a plot was being formed to haze him and he hurried noiselessly to his window hoping to catch the gist of the conversation, for the night was so warm that in all probability the next window would be open, as in fact it was. " You hold him, and I ' ll do the rest, " were the only words he caught, but they were sufficient to excite his fighting nature and he turned to receive the hazers with his whole 175 pounds of flesh and bone filled with a desire to crush something hard and soon. He had the energy of a giant ready to let loose upon the in- truders when he heard the next door close softly and footsteps ap- proach his room. He waited anxiously for the turning of the knob and was disappointed when the footsteps passed his door. Then a new thought rushed in upon him. Perhaps some other Freshman is to be the victim of the night owls. Slipping calmly after them he determined to do what he could to protect his class fellow, whoever he might be. The two villains passed noiselessly along the corridor until at length they reached the door they sought, and opening it, entered. Advancing as quickly as possible the anxious Freshman listened attentively and heard a low murmur within. He entered and for a moment stood speechless and noiseless, gazing at the scene which the faint light of the moon rendered visible. On the bed just as he had awakened lay Jack Demerrit, the football captain, a handkerchief in his mouth, but his eyes flash- ing defiance and helpless fury at the two who had entered the room. One was holding Jack ' s arms tightly to his side; the other was standing over him with his hands raised to beat the unpro- tected face. Both were big men, fully the size of the Freshman, and much heavier than Jack. They wore handkerchief masks over their faces and were fully dressed. Absorbed in their cow- ardly task they did not notice the newcomer, who stood at the door, sick with revolt at the dastardly trick. Once the upraised arm fell on Jack ' s face and then the Fresh- man awakened. The blood rushed back to his heart, one spring carried him across the room and he hurled the coward, who had THE REDWOOD. ii dealt the blow, to the floor, with a hip throw that wrenched the whole system. Then he caught the other brute by the neck and sank his fingers deep into it. He felt the arms relax and with a vicious jerk threw him on the top of his accomplice. Quick as a flash he tore off both masks. His blood was up and he backed off to give them a chance to retaliate, but a sight of their faces stopped him. The faces were those of Hargrave and his pal Borden,, De- feated in his fight for the captainship of the football team, Har- grave had resorted to this ignoble means of revenge. A great wave of disgust swept over the Freshman and he prepared to pol- ish Hargrave off till he shone. He did not care for his companion for he knew that none but cowards would have resorted to such a trick, and in his present state of mind he felt that he was able to attend to both of them. In the meantime Jack had sprung from the bed and was gaz- ing on the scene with astonishment. When he had seen the third man enter his room he thought of course that he was in league with the other two, and had prepared for the worst. Now in his admiration for the heroism of the lad, he forgot the meanness of the others, and did not deign them a glance. Not so the Fresh- man. When they had risen to their feet he sprang forward and slapped Hargrave ' s face till his hand stung, while he kept a vigi- lant eye on Borden. The fight however had been taken out of both of them by the suddenness of the attack and the exposure of their identity, and Hargrave only put up his arm to ward off the blows, without a semblance of any return. Seeing this the Fresh- man desisted and spoke for the first time, turning towards Jack, " What shall we do with the curs? " Jack thought awhile, looking Hargrave in the eyes till the latter blinked and turned away. A struggle was going on within Jack ' s noble heart and at length he walked over and offered his hand to Hargrave, " I et it pass, Del, I can ' t blame you. " The Freshman swallowed an exclamation of wonder. Hargrave pretended not to see the outstretched hand and looked blankly into space above Jack ' s bed. The Freshman stepped forward again, seized Borden by the shoulders and fairly threw him through the door. Turning he sent Hargrave after him, with a particularly affectionate care for the comfort of his person. He slammed the door and looked at 17 THE REDWOOD. Jack. " Well you are the limit, to want to shake hands with that fellow, after the way he treated you, " he at length burst out. ' ' You see, I could afford to be generous, " said Jack, " fori had him in my power and besides I don ' t want any enemies in the squad, for nothing is so demoralizing. " Then he modestly changed the subject by thanking his rescuer from the bottom of his heart. The Freshman turned the thanks aside with a laugh and asked if, as Captain, Jack would keep an eye on his playing. " I desire to make the team, " he said, " and shall do all in my power to deserve the honor. " " Yes, " said Jack, " you are a promising candidate, but, ex- cuse me, what ' s your name? " " My name is Victor Arden. " " Any relation to Bob Arden of Bakersfield? " " Yes, I ' m Bob Arden ' s brother. " John M. Regan, ' 04. THE REDWOOD. 13 the: builders of the west. The night is done; on wings of mountain gale The roseate dawn appears; refulgent hurled O ' er hillock, stream and woodland, poppied vale New light streams ' blazon all the western world. The azure-vaulted dome, with golden gleams, The wildering oats, the scented fields that bend Their wild flowers to the wind, the wandering streams That curl ' tween grassy banks and silver blend, And surging meet the sea, the woody hills, O ' er slopes green terraced round, the dewy sod, The woodland choristers and purling rills Betoke another Eden, land of God. The light-orb training radiant leaves the East And o ' er the Heaven-blest race is Nature ' s wand Of peace extended by her Sun-god priest Waking to fruitage all the docile land. The people in the Hesperian air Unruffled take the tenor of th eir way, In their rude fashioned hamlets free from care And rule, know none they must obey. Yes ' twas not liberty, for government Is freedom ' s guardian, and when a band Of plundering foes, like Norland winds ' descent, Torrential, blazing swept upon the land, The golden sunset changed to tongued fire. And clouds of black ' ning fumes took forms of gnomes, That reveled as at Nineveh and Tyre, In dire destruction, watching crumbling homes: As oaks are shattered in the forests sear, 14 THE REDWOOD. Their princes fell — to them forever lost One prince they knew not; lingered still the fear Lest wrath should claim another holocaust. O West-land ! weep no more, soon shalt thou be A mighty state, for comes the word of God. Redman rejoice ! thine oft wished liberty Shall be no longer dreamed; the ruling rod Another Aaron now shall wield. Where gloom In the long past had shadowed brightness still, A wondrous peace now holds; from Heaven ' s dome A breath wafts spirit-like o ' er vale and hill; As child ' s soft touch a mother ' s grief, His grace Subdues the waves, tempestuous, hopeless, dark. The Redman hears. Like Israel ' s golden ark The Host is born from southland to the north; The Astec kneels and Paganism falls. O ' er crumbling idols, brownrobed marching forth, No manna falling save the grace of God, No star to guide save Faith, the abysmal deep Of wrong unfeared, the dim ways safely trod, Recalling men from Lethe ' s darkling sleep, A hero brotherhood with lifted hand. Armed with the crucifix, and holy love. Regenerate and bless a happy land. The Holy Spirit opes the realms above. And Heaven seems on earth; the forest yields, The sod is broke, the savage tills the soil. And nature, bounteous mother thrives the fields. No more from fear of raids strong men recoil; For gathered are they in their Mission homes, All goods for all in justice — social dream. Here cool arroyos, there Pacific foams THE REDWOOD. 15 From its cerulean waste, and here the stream Flows indolent. O golden, busy age! The opened path fortells a greater West, And progeny sprung from the land presage A race tried as the Builders and as blest. As darkness growing all the mountain clouds, The Indians gather their evening prayer. And Vespers sung, depart. Then night enshrouds; Loud barks the slim coyote from his lair, And bleat the flocks from out the distant hills, Where tinkling bells grow fainter and then fail; And rustling mighty by the murmuring rills The giant Sequoias break the rising gale: Afar the hoot of owl strikes on the air And the low rumble of the laboring deep; The flickering lights go out and free of care The land aweary sinks to sleep. The sun still shines — but on another scene. The West grown mightier than the dream, With cities great is spread; on the dark green Expanse of ocean merchants ply; the stream Is harnessed; giant factories rend The purple with their darkling cloud; And now the hurrying locomotives blend Their shrieks with sylvan songsters, where have bowed The woods neath blade of Progress. E ' en the walls Of Missions have since crumbled, and the brave Bold Builders of the West lie still, and crawls The eglantine and ivy o ' er each grave. i6 THE REDWOOD. Rest on, ye hallowed dead ! t hough tears few fall Today, recalling self-forgetting toil. Still History proudly holds your deeds to all, And keeps your memory rooted in our soil. Ye came from far, from loved ones, native land. Saint Francis ' heroes reared in cot and hall — Not Argonantic questing; golden sands Did not seduce your weary feet. From thrall Of Satandom to free the West ye marched. Urged by the dauntless Serra. The Greek youth Did not more crave for worlds, than ye the parched Domains of hell-endangered souls; forsooth Columbus not more ardent sought to find The Undiscovered. " Unus sufficit Non orbis, " was your cry, and like the fearless wind Ye bore upon Satanic hosts. Clouds lit With nothing carnal fired; no cannon roared. Nor streams were crimsoned by the tide of blood. Ye used not Death: the demons ' hydra hood Was conquered by the axe of Right and Good. The Gordian knot of sin was severed; ye won A twofold victory for Soul and State; But torn were ye from work so well begun. And scattered through the world superb, ingrate. Surviving comrades none alas, are there To vigil keep, save Cypress, drear and green; As wailing winds disturb the stilly air. In sorrow bow their tops, and wide careen, Answering back Pacific as it sings A dirge in deep-voiced, thundrous waves. Resounding from its age-worn cliffs, and rings The De Profundis o ' er the silent graves. John Riordan ' 05. THE REDWOOD. 17 COLLEGE IDEALS AND PUBLIC LIFE. Response to the toast College Ideals and Public Life " at the Alumni banquet, May 28, 1903. Mr. President, Gentlemen, and I may now say, in view of the honor which the Faculty has conferred on me to-day, and for which I am duly appreciative and grateful, Fellow Collegians: I have just returned from a visit to the Yosemite Valley, the great wonderland of California, impressed by its beauty and magnificence. There, perpendicular walls of granite rise 4,000 feet above the floor of the valley, which is itself 4,000 feet above the sea. Great cateracts leap from these dizzy heights and great trees display their variegated verdure and the rivers course through the meadow-lands, taking their source from the eternal snows. And yet, side by side with all this beauty and magnifi- cence, there grew up a race, the Digger Indian of California, of which many still survive, of inferior human beings so low in the scale of humanity that Sir John Lubbock said, I am informed, (but as yet I have not confirmed his statement), that they are among the most degraded of all aboriginal people and are the only race that had no conception of God. But some wag, who was present at a discussion between ecclesiastics on the subject of original sin, ob- served, " What is the use of quarreling about original sin when there is so much copy? " So, we may say, what is the use of dis- cussing the savages of the woods when there are so many barbar- ians of the cities ? It is hopeless to deal with aborigines, but their un progressive character may point our moral. We are con- cerned in the education of metropolitan barbarians. The condi- tion of the Digger Indian would lead us to conclude that environ- ment, of which so much is expected, can not accomplish anything without the initiative of education; that man must be taught the principles of art and science to enjoy and profit by the wonderful works of Nature, and that wh en such knowledge is acquired, then the mountain and the valley, the river and the forest unfold their story to the inquisitive mind. It has been wisely said, therefore, i8 THE REDWOOD. that he who has no inward beauty, none perceives, though all- around be beautiful. When by the discovery of America, this great, unbroken con- tinent was given to the world, little benefit would have accrued were it not for the enterprise and intelligence of the men who pioneered the land; and, were it not for the great good fortune, which assembled on the Eastern seaboard the statesmen of the Revolution, Washington, Jefferson, Adams, Hamilton, Morris and Jay, this Republican form of government, which has done so much for the uplifting of mankind, would have been perhaps lost to history. Great and resourceful is the American continent, but it required a guiding intelligence and the work of educated minds to lead it in the path of political success. The construction of a government, to shelter and protect the people living under it, guard them in their rights, life and prop- erty, is, indeed, a noble work worthy of illustrious men. The great French astronomer, when called to the discharge of some im- portant office, was importuned by his friends to refuse the trust, lest his scientific investigations should suffer, but he replied, " If I can confer upon my people a single benefit, that will be worth more to me than a hundred astronomical observations; and, the distin- giiished churchman and statesman. Cardinal Richelieu, said with a sincere and unaffected devotion to his country, " The State is my bride. " Still there is a prejudice against politicians, because those of the lower order of politicians are self-seekers. But what may we say of those who seek the truth, who seek good government, who seek the opportunity to confer benefits upon others ? They are what Burke has described as philosophers in action. The philosophy of the schools is of advantage only to the student him- self, unless he gives it practical expression as in the science and administration of government; and that is no mean undertaking, I suggest, because history is the politics of the past, just as politics is the history of the present. In these college halls 3 ou study the iscience of government. You study the history of states. You study the principles of ethics and morality, and all these things must be part of the equipment of a public man and that fact es- tablishes the relation between College Ideals and Public Life. THE REDWOOD. 19 Morality is not a thing alone for the individual, but morality — 1 mean thereby a right dealing as between man and man — must also exist between the citizen and the State, and the State and the citizen, and even between the State and the world. Hence, the col leges of the country must be the real elevating influence of public lifej and must ultimately confer some degree of worthiness upon the de- spised politician, who when thus equipped may possess the saving grace of statesmanship. But who shall carry on this work better than the man who comes out of college, ripe with learning, stirred with enthusiasm and holding high ideals. As a man grows older, he regards his public duties with indifference. He considers that things are well enough off and he is disposed to ask himself when called upon for service, ' ' What is the use? " It is the young man, constantly pressing upon the heels of the passing generation, that is the replenishing stream, keeping pure the currents of our polit- ical life. But, under our American system, it is hard, if not im- practicable, to offer the young man a career in matters of legisla- tive work or governmental administration. Our idea is that every citizen should be eligible to office, and like Cincinnatus, when called from his plow, should return when his work is done, to his plow. That involves the education of the people in the affairs of government. In England, as you are aware, a man may stand for any constituency or for several constituencies at the same time, and make his choice after the election, and the object of this plan is to keep in public life the men who have shown particular capacity, and at times it works admirably, as in the case of Mr. Gladstone. As the rising hope of the stern and unbending Tories, accord- ing to his biographer, he sat for the pocket borough of Newcastle, but when his liberal mind began to develop, the Duke denied him that seat. Then his career might have stopped had he not the right to appeal to other constituencies and so he sat successively for the academic seat of Oxford, which he subsequently outgrew, and then for the industrial seat of Manchester. With us, the most trifling causes very often unseat a member of Congress and arrest his career. The story is told of a conversa- tion in the select circles of Boston, when one man asked another, " What has become of our friend, Senator Bryan? " " Oh! " was 20 THE REDWOOD. the answer, " It turned out that his name was O ' Brien and that killed him socially, and then he denied it and that killed him politically! " But, I am sure, that this person by the name of Bryan, whoever he may be, although restored to the ranks, is do- ing yoemen service for whatever cause he may be interested in. Political activity is not necessarily with us confined to high office. The ranks afford opportunity. But, if it is the ambition of the college man to aspire to dis- tinguished places in the government, he should bear in mind what has been said that high office is like a pyramid; only eagles and reptiles reach the top. I et the young man soar. Let him dis- dain to crawl. He will get there just as soon. But let the great number, who either do not care to make the fight or disdain to crawl, remember that within the spheres of their influence, in whatever lot their life is cast, they can use the lessons of history and the precepts of morality for the betterment of the government under which they l ive, and that in helping to create public opin- ion and in using the elective franchise with the discrimination of a trained mind, they may greatly contribute to good citizenship, which, after all, is the mainstay of republican institutions. James D. Phelan, Ph. D. ' 03. One star at night when earth is still And wakes no heart save mine, One far off star in deepest heaven Unites my soul to thine. For far art thou where myriad hearts Make tumult, strife and dole; (But there, where others none there are, Our meeting, soul to soul. Freshman. THE REDWOOD. ai " THE SON or SQUAWS PEAR. " Harkins rode over the wind-swept prairie one day late in July, to the village of the Potong tribe, which nestled between Bald Hill and Squaw ' s Peak, on the outskirts of Arizona. It was afternoon and the sun sent down a blue shimmer that was balanced in the hot wind. The range beyond which lay the Indian Village, was scarred and zigzagged with many trails, and dotted with herds of grazing cattle. The cow-puncher ' s sombrero flapped in the wind, and the dust blew into his eyes, but he sang merrily, for his heart was light and his life belonged to the great unburdened freedom of the plains. When he reached the village, he rode direct to the hut of Silent Mary, well known in the place as a weaver of baskets and maker of beaded ornaments. Harkins had come to exchange some beads with her for a tobacco pouch, and the transaction was made in almost absolute silence, as the squaw spoke no word. I eaving the hut of Silent Mary, the cowpuncher rode on to the lodge of Elk Horn, the great high chief of the Potongs, who, as Harkins approached, sat in front of his lodge quietly smoking his pipe. The chief was a column of bronze; great, gaunt and hard. Although an old man, he bore himself with a dignity that belonged to his earlier people. His dress was ornamented with the tooth of the elk and the wolf. Harkins did not dismount, but addressed Elk Horn in the sign-language of the tribe. " I am come from the reservation yonder, " he said, " and would speak with your son. Swift Eagle. " The old chief raised his eyes and allowed them to rest squarely on Harkins for a moment; then pointing to the hill which rose just above the village, he replied: ' My son is there, in his tepee on Squaw ' s Peak. " Harkins thanked him and rode away to the Peak. When he reached the tepee of Swift Eagle, he dropped off his horse, and drawing aside the buffalo skin that screened the entrance, looked in. Swift Eagle sat in the center of his tent braiding a quirt of leather strips. He was tall and muscular too, for one of his race, 22 THE REDWOOD. and had a swift, clear light in his eyes. He looked up as Harkins entered, and a dark, angry scowl shadowed his face, for he did not like the cowpuncher. Harkins raised his hand and spoke in the sign-language. " How do I find Swift Eagle today? You know the officers at the reservation will allow you to dance to-night, but not for long; and it is to be only a dance of peace; there is to be no war-dance. " The Indian grunted dubiously, and continued to braid the quirt. Harkins advanced a step and stood over him. " You don ' t like me, Swift Eagle, " he said. " What is the reason? " The warrior replied without raising his eyes: " I love no man who is not my friend. " " Why, " said Harkins, " I am your friend, Swift Eagle; I like you and would have you be my friend. " Swift Eagle slowly looked up at Harkins. " My heart does not love you. To many white men I am friend — to you I can never be one. " " And why? " " Because I do not love you. " Harkins shrugged his shoulders and signed him good-bye. He left the tepee, mounted his horse and rode down the peak, leaving Swift Eagle alone with his work. As Harkins neared the edge of the village, he came upon a group of fellow cowpunchers. They were laughing roughly, and one of them, Mink Rainor, hailed him. " Hello Bud! " he called, " come over here, you ' re in on this. " Harkins rode over to them and dismounted. " " What ' s up? " he inquired. " W hy, we ' re going to have some fun, that ' s all, " vouched Rainor. " Yer see we ' re a goin ' to play the lariat game on Swift Eagle at the dance to-night. Say, it ' ll take the old chief down a peg. " He slapped his knee and shook with laughter. The others of his crowd joined with him in the joke. Harkins ' face shadowed; he did ' nt even smile. " I wouldn ' t try it if I were you, Mink, " he said. " It ' s a kind of treacherous business. " THE REDWOOD. 23 " Oh, yer don ' t say so! " roared Rainor; " Well, that ' s just why we like it, because it is treacherous. Cotae on. Bud, yer ain ' t a goin ' back on us like that, are yer? " And he slapped Harkins on the back. The latter twitched and said simply, " I ' ll have nothing to do with it. " " Oh yer won ' t! Well then we don ' t want yer! " snarled the bully. " Come on boys, we can get on nicely without him! " The crowd threw some choice sentences at Harkins, and mounting their ponies, rode off to the reservation. Harkins stood, looking after them. He was thinking of a way to warn Swift Eagle. The lariat game consisted in placing an open lasoo in the grass, with the end in the hands of several men grouped together. At night the rope could not be seen, and one of the men would call the victim toward the group, and as he stepped into the lasoo the others would jerk the rope and pull their victim roughly to the ground. Then springing on their horses and dashing away, they would leave their victim, the but and embarrassment of those who happened to be near. Harkins knew what the result would be if the game were practiced on Swift Eagle. The Potongs were none too peaceful, and an offence like that against the son of their chief might even cause an uprising. He mounted his pony and retracing his steps up the peak, found Swift Eagle as he had left him, braiding the quirt. The Indian cast a furtive glance at him and scowled. ' Harkins signed to him. " Be careful at the dance to-night, " he said, " and look out for the lariat game. " He dropped the curtain and rode swiftly down the hill. The young brave stared at the entrance through which the cowboy had just passed, then arose, and drawing aside the curtain he stood out on the peak, and watched the retreating figure. The scowl died away from his face, and his mouth softened. He wondered why the man whom he disliked had returned to warn him. He went into the tepee again to prepare for the dance, for 24 THE REDWOOD. he himself would pass the word among his people that it was to be a dance of peace. As he arrayed his body for the weird spectacle, he repeated to himself many times the name, Harkins. Then he put it away in his heart. The peace-dance of the Potongs was at its height. The dusk had fallen, and a pale blue-grey light was settling over the village. A leaping fire burned in the center of the circle, and around it was a chaos of yelping, tigerish forms that dashed weirdly through the fading light. The music was ' deafening. Drums were beating, voices rang out in shrill, wild howls, and the plumes of the stately old chiefs waved in the whirlwind of sound. In the midst of the dancers was Swift Eagle. His handsome face was lined with paint, and a clear light was in his eyes. As the clamor went on he took up the song with a wilder energy, and whirled his bedecked body through the air. The visitors from the reservation looked on spellbound. Could this be the dance of peace, or was it really expressing the hate and lust of war? The group of cowboys stood to one side, with their lariat carefully placed on the dark ground before them. Harkins stood apart from them, alone, leaning against a mail-post just be- yond the dancing-circle. As he gazed excitedly at the fiendish sport, a sudden fear clutched at his heart and he thought of what the result would be if the lariat game were played. The very thought sickened him. Suddenly the music ceased, the howl died down, and the dancers panting, stopped for breath. In the midst of the applause that followed. Mink Rainor called loudly to Swift Eagle. The men with the rope stood .ready. Swift Eagle was rolling a cigar- ette, and some of the dancers sank to the ground from sheer ex- haustion. Swift Eagle turned to the group when he heard his name called, and gazed placidly into their anxious faces. He eyed them with an eager uncertainty. Then his eyes shifted around the circle till they rested upon the tense form of Harkins. The cow- boys watched their victim breathlessly. He gave a genial grunt, THE REDWOOD. 25 and drawing up his superb figure to its full height, he said in the purest English, " I go to my friend Harkins, there. He calls me. " Gathering up his robe he walked stately over to the bewil- dered cowpuncher. The anger of Rainor and his companions knew no bounds. Quickly the word went from mouth to mouth that Harkins had betrayed them, and had warned Swift Eagle. They gathered closer and lost no time in planning a revenge. The inventive genius of Rainor went quick to work, and he hurriedly passed the plan through the crowd. " I ' ve got it boys, " he whispered. ' ' I ' ll throw the lasoo over Harkins ' shoulders, then you fellows pull together, and we ' ll drag him out o ' the camp. We can tie hira to his nag and turn him loose on the plain, and mebbe he won ' t do no more foolin ' with our plans agin. " The men, incited with fury at their failure, assented in a body, and Rainor proceeded to get the lariat in readiness. ' ' Be quick, " he said, " when I give yer the word. " In the meantime Swift Eagle had offered his cigarette to Harkins, and Hghted it for him with a brand from the fire. This was his peace-offering to the white man. His eyes, however, shifted nervously to the group of cowboys, and his hand moved instinctively to his belt. He made sure that his revolver was in place. As the music started up again. Swift Eagle taking Harkins hand in his, said in deep tones; " I give honor and love to you for your deep friendship. " He then hastily left him and joined the dancers in the circle. The fire had been built up brighter and now the dancers gathered round the leaping flames. Rainor and the cowboys stood in readiness. The drama of the dance was on again. The painted and be- plumed warriors sprang forth and redoubled their efforts. The confused, yelping, howling mass of humanity leaped into the air and tore round the burning logs. The singers shrieked their peace hymns and the stars came out, one by one. Harkins left the mail-post, and advanced nearer the circle, the group of cowboys eyeing him the while. 26 THE REDWOOD. The shadowy, blanketed forms of the chiefs swayed in the rythmn of the dance, and the spectators pressed closer to the circle. The shrill whooping grew louder, the drums roared in unison and the ferocity of the dance was at its height. Suddenly a rope shot through the air, and fell about the shoulders of Bud Harkins. A wild haloo went up from the cow- boys, and Harkins was jerked to the ground. The mob turned to rush from the village. There was the flash of steel in the light of the fire, — a quick, sharp shot rang out into the night, and when the smoke cleared away, Mink Ranor was lying still and silent on the ground. The whole assemblage was thrown into indescribable chaos. The cowboys rushed at the dancing circle, but were held back by the excited spectators. The chiefs rose to their feet and signed wildly at one another. The soldiers from the reservation had come prepared for a disturbance and now stood ready for an up- rising. The dancers huddled together, and stared solemnly. Harkins was helped to his feet, and a nervous chill ran through his blood. Squaws and children wailed a low crooning hymn, and only Swift Eagle stood alone, facing the fire and the crowd — fearless and majestic in his calm. Suddenly Elk Horn approached the dancing-circle, and rais- ing his great right hand, he commanded attention from the crowd. A hush fell on the assemblage, and Harkins bent over the dead body of Rainor. The chief began to speak measuredly, in deep, clear tones. " White men, and brothers of the Spirit, a curse has entered into our dancing feast to-night. For the past moons the redmen have been quiet. To-night a crime has crept into our midst. If one of my brothers has done this thing, let him stand forth! and we will give him up to justice. If one of the white brothers has sinned, let him stand forth, and he shall be dealt with like- wise. He who is guilty must be punished. It is justice! " There was no sound save the crackling of the flames of the fire. All stood rigid and silent and Swift Eagle stepped calmly and haughtily nearer the fire. A low moaning whisper swept through the crowd. The women of the tribe chanted a low, soft dirge, and death seemed to hover over the council. THE REDWOOD. 317 Swift Eagle raised his two arms high over his head and raised his eyes to the twinkling stars. Standing thus, he began to chant in a death-like wail, a song: " The white man tried to kill my friend. My friend was a white man, too. He saved me from a dread disgrace, — And my heart loved him. I am the man ! It was I, Swift Eagle, who did it! " As the last words of the chant fell on the crowd there was the stillness of the grave. Swift Eagle slowly drew down his arms. There was a superb light in his eyes, and the flames played around his feet. No one moved. All stared blankly at the in- domitable figure. Without word or warning the warrior of the plains raised himself high on his toes, and with a tigerish spring hurled his massive body into the flames. The spell was broken, and the crowd made a rush for the writhing figure, but the Indians gathered round the tongues of fire and with an animal force, held them off. They pressed their hot, breathing bodies against the struggling form of the soldiers and cowboys. The women fell on their faces and wailed and wept, as they rocked their bodies to and fro in the turmoil. Harkins stood in a trance. The horrible truth of it all was eating its way into his soul. Then from the burning mass in the flames, came a low-, stifled chant: " My heart loved him. It was I, Swift Eagle . " . And all was over, the redmen gave way to the whites, who pushed forward to gaze on the charred heap, but most of the crowd turned away, silent. i{c H When the village of the Potongs lay asleep that night, a silent, bronze figure approached the dancing circle. The old chief slowly gathered up the bones of his son, and wearily climbed to the tepee on Sqnaw ' s Peak. Martin V. Meri.k, Sophomore Special, 28 THE REDWOOD. IN LEONEM DECIMUM TERTIUM, Aonii moerens ponat monumenta doloris, Et Sanctae Clarae musa det atra melos. Nam prius in coelo quae fulsit lucida flamma, Occidit ecce Leo tertius et decimus. Occidit ille Leo, qui fovit lumine terras, Lumine quo melius mens bene sana docet. Die, quae signa puer dederit clarissima laudis, Quae juvenis factus, dicito, quaeve senex. Seu cum privatus vitales carperet auras, Seu regeret Christi summo in honore gregem. Omnia miscebat Beneventi turpis Erinnys; Sedavit solers omnia mente Leo. Ilium prudentem dixit Perusinus et Umber, Murus ut injustae restitit Italiae. Ilium Belga sagax, Gallusque et callidus Anglus, Et quotquot frigens alluit unda maris. In Petri solio mores exstinxit iniquos, Ac Asiae Christo flectere colla dedit. Tunc tremuere truces sinuoso in littore Turcae, Tunc Sinae molles, qui fera bella timent. THE REDWOOD. 29 Et doctum voluit sanctumque esse undique mystam et Jussit Aquinatis scripta perita legi, Et reges docuit quid sit compescere plebem, Et plebi voluit propria jura dari, Arbiter hinc lectus. Tacuit gens accola Rhen , Armaque deposuit fortis Iberus humi. Bellum ac aversum placidae dedit oscula paci, Canossae et rursum tunc patuere fores. O fatis nimium duris exercita Roma, Ten ' decuit toties ultima damna pati? Ille Leo, princeps lumen, tua magna voluptas. Et Vaticani gloria prima soli; Princeps Musarum, et Phoebi gratissimus hospes, Donavit cythara quem pater ipse sua; Et cinxere deae lauro, et dixere poetam Melpomeneque suum, Calliopeque suum; Cui lex et bene suadus honos, rectique cupido, Et probitas cordi simplicitasque fuit; Delitiae, mea Roma, tuae lumenque decorum, Qui spes ac or bis remus et aura fuit, Maximus ille tuus, quo jure oblita malorum es Occidit egregius; mors bona quanta tulit ! 30 THE REDWOOD. THE PASSION PLAY AND THE CRITICS. How it has come to pass that of all the many who came to Santa Clara with the purpose of criticising the Passion Play un- favorably not one was found to speak disapprobation, we cannot entirely understand. Everybody knows how James O ' Neil met with sore disappointment when he attempted a Passion Play in San Francisco, and everybody who has read or heard of the Ober- ammergau production, has perhaps thought with Stoddard that " in any other place the Passion Play would be offensive, " that " like a wild mountain flower it would not bear transplanting to another soil. " But the fact is that a successful attempt has been made in Santa Clara College, as the thousands who saw the Play bear witness. We can hardly agree with the critics who have considered our attempt superior to that of the Bavarian peasants, yet elimi- nating what might pass as an exaggerated approval, the mere fact tliat it has been received with applause is a sufficient guarantee for future productions. Some have maintained that Santa Clara will be an attraction for pilgrims from all parts of the country, whenever the Play is given, and the people of San Jose have pro- mised the faculty that, on all future occasions, they will advertise the production in the East. In our opinion it will not be necessary to advertise it. The Play is already known throughout the country, and for the benefit of those interested we shall subjoin a few of the many comments found in the leading magazines of to-day. The New York Dramatic Mirror, our leading journal of theat- rical doings, contains a well written and lengthy article from the pen of Orrel James Mitchell, no mean authority in the dramatic world. " Right down in the core of a little country town, " he writes, " fifty miles south of San Francisco, Californians have seen and sat through, spellbound, an illustrated story of the life of Christ, founded on the story in the New Testament, that, for superlative interest and dramatic intensity and impressiveness, eclipsed any- THE REDWOOD. 31 thing in modern stagecraft within the annals of California, in so far as amateurs have had to do. That which created such a furor, without so much as a tithe of applause or of encore (the theme was too grand, too sacred for other than the utmost silence from the audiences), was the presentation May 25-28 (five performances), in the Santa Clara College Theatre, by the faculty and the students of Santa Clara College, of one of the most sublime Biblical plays of the age, Nazareth, The Passion Play of Santa Clara, by Clay M. Greene, the well known dramatist. The premiere of the play was given at Santa Clara two years ago. It was dedicated by the author to the Reverend Robert E. Kenna, S. J. who is president of the college, and who was a playmate of the playwright in his boyhood. The play was affectionately subscribed in tender recol- lection of the ' sweet long ago " at Santa Clara College, and to as- sist, reverently, as the author ' s contribution, in the celebration of the college ' s Golden Jubilee, The premiere was under the per- sonal supervision of the author, assisted by Joseph R. Grismer. The experience gained in that premiere was utilized in the pre- sent revival, together with new thought and new handiwork. In seeing amateur productions, one is supposed to make allowances. It invariably follows that one ventures more or less dilettanteism in the work. Thus it was presupposed in the production of Naz- areth. But, happily and surprisingly, so excellent was the pro- duction it surpassed the fondest hopes and the most sanguine ex- pectations, not only of the players but also of the playseers. In looking round for the one responsible, in a marked and a material measure, for this excellence, one ' s eye alights on a quiet, modest young fellow, who has barely stepped over his majority, in the person of Martin V. Merle. It was under his personal direction that Nazareth was produced. When one considers the will and the vim with which he worked, it is no wonder the play went as smooth as a whistle. " " The revival of Nazareth had been talked of and proclaimed throughout the State for five months. Of so much import was the play, special trains were run to each performance. This was strictly opposite to the occasion. Nazareth compared with its fa- 32 THE REDWOOD. mous German contemporary, the Passion Play of Oberammergau, is far superior thereto. Its superiority lies in its powerful sug- gestion. The Oberammergau play shows. In handling a delicate subject like a passion play, there is a deal more strength in sug- gestion of the Savior than in showing Him. In Nazereth, albeit Christ is not seen, so cogently is His presence made apparent by brilliant aureolas and nimbi, by oral references, by seeing the arm and the top transom of the cross borne by Him on the road to Calvary, and by seeing the waving tops of sun-protecting date- palms in the scene depicting His entry into Jerusalem, one sits and imaginatively feels His being on the stage. Mr. Greene in making Christ the central figure in Nazareth, and yet never al- lowing the character of the Savior to be introduced upon the stage, shows himself a masterhand in dramatic finesse, and a writ- er of a master play. The thing of making Christ the very life and the spirit of the passion play, and still not having Him seen, although he is, by suggestion, tangibly felt from the beginning to the end of the play, and the play would be nil without Him, was a thought handled by the author with admirable cleverness. An- other difiiculty he had to overcome in Nazareth was having no women in the production. The nearest approach to a woman is in John telling the Apostles of his going to comfort Mary, after the crucifixion of Jesus. ' Preceding the drawing of the curtain, at the beginning of Nazareth, the Santa Clara Theatre Orchestra of eighteen, under the leadership of Herbert Bettman, played Reginald Barrett ' s ' Overture. ' Succeeding this, after the house was made totally dark, a chorus of sixty, robed in loose white garments similar to these worn by a church altar choir, sang, in voices ranging from adolescent to adult tones, and led by Musical Director G. Buehrer in solo work, with orchestral accompaniment A. Adams ' ' Noel. ' Nazareth proper then began. " " Among the several individual successes accruing in the pro- duction of Nazareth, none came more prominently and commend- ably to the fore than that achieved by John Clark as Athias and as Matthew. What this young man ' s forte is, I don ' t know; but THE REDWOOD. 33 I do know that in him there is the making of a great actor. In the portrayal of his two roles he lived them as if he had been cut out of the Bible. In voice, resonant and clear; in looks, fine and firm; in style and in intelligence, he was almost absolutely correct. In saying, Clark shared honors with John Ivancovich ' s Judas, the compliment is mutual. William Curtin was stage manager of the production; and for that he is due great praise. The scenery all of which was massive and beautiful in architecture and style, was from the brush of Michael O ' Sullivan, and was painted anew for the revival of the play. There was also a new curtain secured for this production, of a heavy cloth material, dyed of deep ox- blood, which divided in the middle and across the center of which were initialled ' 1. N. R. I. " (Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews) in twelve-inch letters of gold leaf, with a gold leafed frieze of oblique crosses and of crowns surrounding the nails of the cross, for which Mr. O ' Sullivan ' s touch was responsible. The costumes were elaborately rich in design and in color, and were Scriptural ly true. The costumes of the twelve Apostles were especially made after the painting of " The Last Supper, " by Leonardo de Vinci. " More laudatory still is the article in Collier ' s Weekly: " Even the most enthusiastic supporters of Santa Clara were suprised at the beauty and superiority of the production. The acting, instead of beingjthe excellent amateur personation for which the college has won a reputation, was so far above the ordinary professional attempts that the dramatic critics could only explain the work by saying that the boys had entered so heartily into their parts that, for the nonce, their identities were merged in the characters they represented. The color effects were a constant delight to th3 eye — the costumes being copied from Tissot ' s pic- tures, and made of soft rich Oriental stuffs. " Throughout the play, the deep feeling of reverence was never lost. The reality of Christ was felt at every moment, every detail of his story on eaJth entering into the dialogue so impress- ively that one knew it had just happened; but He is never seen; on the stage. Three times His presence near is indicated by a- 34 THE REDWOOD. strong clear light, and a fourth time by the Cross passing in the procession to Calvary. ' ' Among the disciples, the interest centred around Matthew, who by virtue of his father ' s wealth and position gained an audi- ence with Herod; Peter, who, denied and was forgiven on repen- tance, and Judas, who betrayed and could not escape from his sin. The portrayal of Judas was excellent. " Probably this is the only Passion Play that has ever been attempted without female characters. It has been asserted often that a play of one sex could never be a success before an Ameri- can audience, and yet this tragedy, in which women had a part, seems perfectly complete without their presence on the stage. In the dialogue are given the relations of Mary the Mother and of Mary Magdalene to Christ, just as they occurred, and, probably because of our intimate knowledge of the story, their actual presence was not missed. ' ' The characters, with the exception of Peter, Matthew, Dath- ian and Ammon, which was taken by alumni, were personated by undergraduates. One hundred and ninety-six people appeared upon the stage, thirty-six of these having speaking parts. " In answer to requests from the public, the college has de- cided to give the Passion Play again in 1905, with the probability of a future reproduction every alternate year. If the performance be kept up to the standard of this year, the old mission town of Santa Clara will find itself with a biennial pilgrimage to provide for. The town has slumbered since the old days when the mis- sionary fathers taught the natives this same wonderful story on tliis self-same site. Somehow the rush of civilization has passed it, and the sleepy settlement retains much of the old-time repose without tne old-time industry. The Passion Play of Santa Clara can never be so awful in its impressiveness as the Play at Ober- ammergau, for the great reason that Christ does not appear in person, yet within the monastic walls of the college is the same religious fervor that sways the peasants of the Bavarian highlands, THE REDWOOD. 35 and here seems the appropriate atmosphere to produce that never- yet-attained Passion Play of America. " We cannot give the opinion of all the critics, but a word of praise from Ashton Stevens is perhaps, worth them all. He says in part: ' ' In the College Hall, which is a theatre in every practical sense of the word, one thousand and more persons witnessed the perform- ance of the Christ legend. We were Jew as well as Gentile, Pro- testant as well as Roman Catholic. ' ' Near me, eyes fixed and deep in the thrall of the play, was an avowed atheist. He was a toy in the heart of the passion. Near him was one of the many priests, and this priest had a visi- ble tear for the merciless self-denunciation of Judas the betrayer, and he smiled like a boy and applauded when the singing was good. Certainly we were a mixed company, most intricately mixed — churchmen, mothers, maids, natives, San Joseans, city folk, southlanders and rustics. The spell of the piece may have worked in as many different ways as we were numerous and varie- gated, but it was potent for all. There was something in its lumi- nous humaneness that drew us, religious and profane, together in a common bond of interest. Above all, ' or under all ' was the grip- ping fact that this was drama. Drama is nothing more or less than life condensed, and there is no getting away from the sort of drama that Clay Greene has builded in the life and death of Jesus Christ. Hardly an episode in the earthly career of Christ is omit- ted in the play. We follow Him from the manger to the cross; we listen to His word and know the power of His presence. Al- ways Christ is the protagonist — yet never do we hear His voice or see Him. The nearest to visual acquaintance with the Naza- rene is at the last, when the temple of the priests is rent by the storm, and far in the background and high on the hill you see by the lightning flashes the outlines of the three bodies with tortured arms athwart grim crosses. That is scenery and light. All the rest that physically pertains to the presence is light alone — that is, all save the scene of the march to Calvary. Here the great wood- en cross borne by the staggering Nazarene is plainly in view; and 36 THE REDWOOD. here the drama is at its mightiest. I know of few other plays in which there is a scene more genuinely dramatic, richer with sus- pense, fuller of unerring suggestion. " Judas has betrayed his Master, sentence has been passed, and gathered despondently at a vine-covered wall that faces the road to Golgotha are the eleven faithful apostles. The shriek and growl of a great multitude is heard in the distance, and as the noise nears, the two wooden doors in the wall that give entrance from the roadway are closed by the Apostle Matthew, who says that it is expedient for themselves to live. Nearer comes the roar and the doors are opened and the Apostles look down the road and note that Christ, tottering, is carrying the cross to which His enemies shall nail Him. " Another article which we appreciate more than the rest be- cause it was written in our own western magazine, Sunset, is very flattering. We regret that space will not permit of a lengthy quotation. We are however very thankful to our favorable critics and the Redwood congratulates the students to whom success was due. Edw. Kirk, ' 05. T T?le o04i. Published Monthi y by the Students of Santa Ci ara Coli ege. The object of The Redwood is to record our College Doings, to give proof of College Industry and to knit closer together the hearts of the Boys of the Present and of the Past. editoriai. staff. Editor-in-Chief - - John M. Regan, ' 04 Business Manager - - - John W, Byrnes, ' 06 associate editors. Literary - - - K m V. Merle, X ' S.T Francis H. Moraghan, ' 04 C01.1.EGE Notes - - - Edward L. Kirk, ' 05 ATHI.ETICS ... - Francis Plank, ' 06 Alumni John Collins, ' 04 ASSISTANT, business MANAGERS. M. R. O ' Reilly, ' 06 Baldo Ivancovich, ' 06 Angelo Quevedo, ' 05 Address all communications to The Redwood, Santa Clara College, California Terms of subscription, 1.50 a year; single copies, 15 cents. EDITORIALS. Feeling confident that you take a lively interest in our college magazine we beg leave to call your attention to one or two points, which, if heeded, will greatly promote the interests of The Red- wood. The present number, as you observe, contains two contri- butions by old boys, two speeches delivered on the occasion of our last alumni banquet. It is with great pleasure that we publish them, and shall always find space for any article sent us by former students for the purpose of publication. Though we intend to 38 THE RKDWOOD. keep our paper in the neighborhood of fifty pages, we shall will- ingly increase its bulk to accomodate the old boys. Then again we notice that some of you are not on our sub- scription list. You know how unworthy of an old Santa Clara boy such negligence is. So send us your check and address as soon as possible. Help to encourage a magazine that needs pecuniary aid to reach the place of honor it seeks among American College journals. BACK AOAINl Vacation, that sweet, joyful period of rest and amusement is over. We have come back to make this the banner year of Santa Clara College, one which future generations may equal but not surpass. We have come to work and to enjoy our work; to enter heartily into everything that makes college life dear to us, to do the things which in future life we may laugh over, when chance throws us together; but above all to strive after the acquisition of knowledge, in the various departments open to us. Of those who are to direct us this year, there is much, yet little to say. That the faculty is more or less the same as last year is a sufiicient guarantee of success for those who have had the pleasure of studying under them in former years, while those who are beginning their career at Santa Clara College have already experienced what it is to study under the guidance of such as have devoted their whole life to the welfare of their fellow-men. To the old boys we wish to say that we are sure the good work of last year will be kept up and the name of Santa Clara College, whether spoken of in scholastic, literary or athletic circles, will be lauded, honored and repected. To the new boys we extend our heartfelt greetings. We wel- come them into the midst of us, to share our work and our pleas- ures, to become members of the vast family of Santa Clara College students, past, present and future. For a while college routine may seem hard, without the intimate friends they have known through life; but it will not be long till they have in some way re- placed them by college friendships, which do not quickly pass away. In a word the Redwood extends its best wishes for the THE REDWOOD. 39 coming year to the President, Vice President, Professors and stu- dents of dear old Santa Clara College. Earnest endeavor in all lines, means that success beyond our highest hopes awaits us, and so. Senior and Freshman, large and small, let us labor to make this year a brighter one than any the College has yet known, and set a standard that future students must labor diligently to attain. FOOTBALL ENTHUSIASM. While we do not subscribe to all the particulars mentioned in the following notice, sent by the football manager for publication, we cannot refuse it a place in our columns. What is said may stand for athletics in general, and hence no harm will result from its publication. " These are three reasons why every student who has the es- sential makeup, brain, brawn and grit, should don the moleskin and swell the football squad: First, it is a duty to himself; sec- ond, it is a duty to his fellows; third, it is a duty to his college. 1st — A Duty to Himself. College life is a life of preparation. It ' s purpose is to fit a young man for the struggle of his future. No man can wrestle successfully with the great issues that will confront him, unless he has a " mens sana in corpore sano. " Now the physical part of a man can be developed in no better way than by this college game, which affords the same development to the kicker of the sixth as of the first eleven. Therefore get out and build yourself up, and do not let the idea that you will not make the first eleven keep you back. 2nd — A Duty to his Fellows. The larger the crowd the bet- ter the spirit, and if the spirit is good a strong eleven will be the result. In athletics among colleges what can bring greater glory to students than to have a victorious football eleven. Your duty to your fellows then is plain. ' ' United we stand, divided we fall " was not said of football, but it is applicable none the less. 3rd — A Duty to his College. The ethical functions of foot- ball in college life are many and great. A college is a large-sized family. Like any well regulated family there are the rulers and the ruled. Between the two the relations should be harmonious. 40 THE REDWOOD. Therefore the healthy moral spirit that the college authorities de- sire to give the student body, should be striven for by the students. There is nothing in college that can develop a healthier moral tone than this game which becomes the harmless subject of conversa- tion at all times out of class, and which at times even creeps into study hours, perhaps not so harmlessly. Aside from these considerations any of the veterans of the game in Santa Clara will tell you how many times during one season you will have cause to congratulate yourself on being a knight of the pigskin. LEO xni. We cannot better put our thoughts on the I ate Pontiff, Leo XIII, into editorial form than by analyzing the opening poem in the August number of the ever-pleasing Messenger. It is by far the sweetest tribute to the memory of our late Pontiff, that has come before us. The author P. J. Coleman, having in mind, no doubt, the " Lumen in Coelo " of the prophecy, depicts the Pontiff as " The Heavenly Light God sent in stormy years With Wisdom ' s ray His people to illume, " and as " The pillared fire that to Salvation ' s goal Hath led the world . . . . " No straining of the imagination is necessary to grasp and ap- preciate the continuation of the metaphor. Realizing the fact that Leo ' s light has grown dim in death, that the Star has had its set- ting, we anticipate it and read with sorrow, yet not without the sweetness of Christian hope " A star hath waned; but lost to eyes of men Its light replenished at God ' s lamp of love, With larger lustre in the Angel ' s ken It burns above. " Shame on the children of this world! Well may the poet say that the light of Leo ' s mind burns with larger lustre in the Angel ' s ken than it did in this busy world of selfishness. It is all well and good to send condolences to Rome, to speak kind words of the THE REDWOOD. 41 Pontiff; but his encyclicals and the momentous truths which they contain — where are they? lyost to the eyes of men, though these same principles should be written on tablets of marble and bronze and placed at the four corners of God ' s earth for continual inspec- tion and earnest application. The description that follows of the tributes of respect paid to the lyate Pontiff by kings and princes and common people alike, is as graphic as it is true, and suggestive of a wondrous change in men and principles since the time of the great Puis IX s death. Then the very corpse of the dead Pontiff was desecrated in the streets of Rome, now it is said of Leo : " Around him throned in majesty scene From Golden Gate to Tiber ' s tawny surge, Shrills, lou d with wail and lamentation keen, His people ' s dirge, Mount at the bier of him, High Priest and Chief With world-wide benediction aureoled The deep-toned requiscats of their grief lyike thunder rolled. And crowns are doffed and sceptres set aside And one in sorrow ' s kindly commonweal. Around his tomb in sympathy allied The nations kneel. " And why? What is the cause of this universal sympathy? this change of attitude towards Rome, the Eternal Rock of Truth? It is that, though estranged in great part from the Papacy, the hu- man race still retains some spark of goodness, some reverence for men and deeds, or as the poet expresses it; " The weak of will may bend And, faint of heart, the pure of purpose fail; But lyOve delayed, shall triumph in the end And Truth prevail. " lyove and Truth were Leo ' s chief characteristics; love for all men, and all classes of society. Truth such as Christ the Lord taught to the children of men. It was the same spirit of Love and Truth that inspired him 42 THE REDWOOD. with these beautiful words with which he closed his Apostolical letter of March 19, 1902: " It is therefore to Him, that at this moment we should lift our hearts in humble and ardent prayer, to Him who, loving with an infinite love our erring humanity, has wished to make Himself an expiatory victim by the sublimity of His martyrdom; to Him who seated, although unseen in the mystical bark of His Church can alone still the tempest and command the waves be calm and the furious winds to cease. Without doubt, Venerable Brethren, you with Us will ask this Divine Master for the cessation of the evils which are overwhelming society, for the repeal of all hostile laws; for the illumination of those who more perhaps through ignorance than through malice, hate and persecute the religion of Jesus Christ; and also for the drawing together of all men of good will in close and holy union. ' ' May the triumph of truth and of justice be thus hastened in the world, and for the great family of men may better days dawn; days of tranquility and of peace. " And so: " He lived for God, in hearts of men to build The mild dominion of the Prince of Peace, In lyOve to see Christ ' s Kingdom here fulfilled And hatred cease. " And down the years from God ' s supernal sky His memory, guiding star shall flame And men shall gather inspiration high From Leo ' s name. " PBAYER.S FOR. THE DEPARTED PONTIFF. When the solemn requiem masses were offered up for the re- pose of the soul of Leo XIII, those, at least of our non-Catholic friends who reflect on facts and distrust reports, were not a Uttle surprised. They understood, or were made to understand by the addresses delivered in our churches on the occasion that the pray- ers of the Catholic world were offered up to the Almighty that He THK REDWOOD. 43 in His goodness and mercy might blot out any stains that clung to the great soul of I,eo as relics of a world of sin. What then, thought they, is the meaning of this much talked about infallibil- ity? If I eo was infallible, why suppose that he had sinned? The difficulty is as natural as it is real. Fallibilty and Infallibility cannot exist in one and the same man. If Leo XIII was infallible he could not fail, if he was infallible he had the advantage over the just man in Holy Writ whose daily lapses reached the num- ber seven, and therefore prayers for the cleansing of his soul were useless. Non-Catholics have reasoned thus in the hearing of the present writer, and their reasoning was logical to a certain extent. The conclusion followed, but the premises were false. They did not take the pains to ascertain the meaning of papal infallibility, but judging it to be impeccability in spite of a hundred explana- tions to the contrary, they saw in the action of Catholics a contra- diction: one doctrine in practice, another in theory. They saw us praying for a man who could not err, and not understanding our real position on the matter they judged us to be very strange be- ings indeed, and will, no doubt, continue to think so, as long as they remain in ignorance of our doctrine. 44 THE REDWOOD. COLLEGi: NOTES, Rev. FatKer Mazetti ' s Golden Jxibilee The fiftieth anniversary of Father Mazzetti ' s entrance into the Jesuit order was celebrated with fitting solemnity during vaca- tion. Unfortunately there was no representative of the " Red- wood " present and hence our account must be brief. Among the various numbers on the elaborate program for the occasion was a poem by the Rev. James Malone, S. J. We have been fortunate in obtaining a copy. It speaks better than we can of the noble character of the good Father who has devoted his entire life to the welfare of his fellow men, and who has already spent fifty years in that self-sacrificing career. We shall give the poem in full: Ad Cohonkstandum Quinquagesimum Vitae Religiosae An- num Rev. p. A1.EXANDR1 Mazetti, S. J. Texamus laeti pulchram de flore coronam, Quem praebent rosea tempora Verna manu, Qua plenos patris decorare laboribus annos Detur, et hunc festis annumerasse diem. Dena adsunt meritas quae dicant carmine laudes lyUstra, quibus tulerit strenuus arma Deo. Quisque refert partos multa certamine honores Annus, et infernis rapta tropaea docet. En teneris adstat culpae puer inscius annis, Virgineum fulget cujus in ore decus; Eque rosis castae nectunt sua serta puellae, Queis gaudent albas cingere posse comas. Diffugiunt febres; infelix turba malorum Quae premit incautos, hoc veniente, fugit ; Et subeunt pietas, miserae patientia vitae, Quaeque regit virtus indomitum ingenium ; Et fallax auri pallet, vanaeque cupido Laudis; sed dantur munera pauperibus. Eia coronemus numeroses floribus annos, Praemia queis reddat non peritura Deus! THE REDWOOD. 45 Student Body. The first meeting of the Student Body was held on Friday, August 7 at 4:30 P. M. with the Moderator, Mr. J. Morton, S. J. in the chair. The officers for the coming year were elected by acclamation and are all men of college sp rit, so necessary to make the work of the Student Body a success. The result of the election is as follows: President, John M. Regan; Secretary, John J. Ivancovich; Treasurer, John W. Byrnes. An excellent picture of this trio adorns the present number of " The Redwood. " The Staff. The new editorial staff of " The Redwood " has been announced and will, we think, be greeted with much interest in college circles. A few of last year ' s members are no longer at the college, but several of those to whom the paper owes the success of its initial year will be found on the present staff. To these have been added the names of some of the contributors to the former num- bers who have proved themselves capable of successfully filling the places left vacant by retir ing students. We miss Charles S. lyaumeister, Jr. the first editor of the col- lege magazine. He has taken a prominent position in his father ' s business in San Francisco. To the energy and conscientious spirit of Mr. Laumeister was due a large amount of the success that attended the paper. The standard he set, his successors will strive to reach and uphold. We have also lost two of our literary editors, John Parrott and ly. V. Degnan. The former has gone to Georgetown University to complete his course of studies, while the latter has taken up mining engineering in the University of California. To them is due praise, not only for the very capable management of their department, but also for the many clever and original stories and essays they contributed to the magazine. John F. Marten of San Jose will be much missed, as he was a com- petent and energetic worker. Mr. lyaumeister has been succeeded as editor-in-chief by John M. Regan, ' 04. Readers of " The Redwood " will recall, with much pleasure, the clever athletic stories by Mr. Regan, which appeared 46 THE REDWOOD. in last year ' s issues. In securing this writer to fill the editor ' s chair, the paper is to be more than congratulated. The retention of John W. Byrnes as business manager, fore- casts an adherence to the high standard set by his department. He has proved himself an excellent example of President Roose- velt ' s " strenuous man " and his success has been testified to by compliments from all sides on the style and get-up of the paper. Martin V. Merle of the special English course, who staged the Passion Play last May and to whose efforts so much of its success is due, has accepted the position of literary editor. His stories show a pleasing style, while his extensive reading has particu- larly fitted him for this department. In the person of Francis Moraghan, ' 04, the staff has a valu- able acquisition, and the exchange department, under his able direction may be watched with great interest. The college notes which were so successfully conducted last year by William V. Regan, ' 03, are to be handled by Edward L. Kirk, ' 05. The new editor has a brilliant model in the person of Mr. Regan to whose success the unlimited interest taken in his columns bear witness. No pains will be spared to keep up the good work. Athletics appeal strongly to the average American college student, and very strongly to the Santa Clara boys. The portion of The Redwood set aside for sports was a feature of last year ' s paper, nor will they be less interesting this year in the hands of Francis Plank, ' 06, an athlete of much note. John Collins, ' 04, will conduct the alumni notes, which will add greatly to the com- pleteness of our magazine. M. R. O ' Reilly and Baldo Ivancovich of the class of ' 06, and Angelo Quevedo, ' 05, the assistant business managers, proved by their former excellent efforts that they are well qualified to continue in the same capacity. The most charming feature of the staff is that its individual members pull together. Hence all the energy put into the maga- zine will tend toward one common resultant, which, we feel con- fident, is to take the shape of a good literary paper. TKe Senate. After two months of rest and pleasure the Senators of last year assembled in the Senate chamber for the purpose of electing THE REDWOOD. 47 ofl cers for the coming semester and of choosing some new members from the lower branch of the Literary Congress. The opening meeting was an earnest one and bids fair for a successful year ' s work in verbal fence. Senator John Regan of Idaho, the Corres- ponding Secretary of last year, delivered an eloquent extempore efifusion on the occasion, in which he welcomed back to the scene of many an animated discussion the fellow Senators of last year and expressed in apt words the sorrow of the body for the loss of such able speakers and acute reasoners as Lawrence Degnan, Charles Laumeister, Carmel Marten and John Parrott. He kin- dled the enthusiasm of all present by his appeal to their ambition to become speakers, telling them that no training could be more beneficial in this direction than that received in the Philalethic Senate. Senator Thomas Feeney of Gilroy then addressed the assem- bly and, after his characteristic introductory on deer hunting in the Santa Cruz mountains, he entered into the spirit of the occasion and paid a glowing tribute to the art of speaking and to those studies that lead up to it. The cheers of all betokened the respect in which that noble art is held. After the eulogists of last term had had their say the Presi- dent, D. J. Kavanagh, S. J. announced that the election of officers was in order. The election was in each case unanimous and the honors were divided as follows: Corresponding Secretary, Sena- tor Thomas F. Feeney; Recording Secretary, Senator Edward L. Kirk; Treasurer, Senator John J. Ivancovich; Librarian, Senator Francis H. Moraghan; Sergeant-at-arms, Senator John M. Regan. No one felt dissatisfied with the election, as the unanimity sufficiently testified. The choice of new members was not less unanimous and the following representatives from the House of Philhistorians were called upon to serve as Senators: Thomas W. Leonard of Leon- ards, Martin V. Merle of San Francisco, John W. Byrnes of San Rafael, Michael O ' Reilly of Los Angeles and H. Jedd McClatchy of Sacramento. Such an addition to the Senate means a very successful year. All are speakers, all are logicians and what is more, all are willing to work. 48 THE REDWOOD. After the regular business had been disposed of, Senator Ivan- covich of San Francisco arose to propose the question for the first regular debate which reads as follows: Resoi vkd; That the non-Catholic eulogies on our late Sov- ereign Pontiff Leo XIII, manifest an estrangement from rather than an attachment to the Holy See. Senator John Collins of San Francisco was appointed first negative so that the choice ot sides rested with him and Senator Ivancovich. At the next regular meeting the question will be discussed between Senators Ivancovich, Moraghan, Leonard, Merle, Kirk on the affirmative side and Senators Collins, Regan, Feeney, McClatchy and O ' Reilly on the negative. XKe House of PHilKistorians. The Philhistorians held their opening meeting for the present semester on the evening of August 9th, Rev. Father CuUigan, S.J. in the chair. At roll call by Secretary Bryte M. Peterson, many of last year ' s efficient representatives responded. Fully two-thirds of the aid members were in attendance. After a few words of welcome from the speaker, congratula- tions on the past year ' s work, and encouragement for the future, the election of new officers was in order. The result was as fol- lows: Clerk, Francis A. Belz; Secretary, John W. Byrnes; Treas- urer, Bryte M. Peterson; Sergeant-at-arms, Henry A. Haack; Li- brarian, Robert F. McCormick; Assistant-Treasurer, Peter C. Kell; Librarian, Philip F. Sage; Assistant Sergeant-at-arms, Edwin E. Comerford. Committee of Ways and Means, Jedd H. McClatc hy, Michael R. O ' Reilly. The newly elected officers were then called upon for speeches and responded in a very happy vein. The names of Messrs. Jas. V. McClatchy and William T. Blow were next proposed for membership. Both young men were voted into the House by acclamation. After a short busi- ness discussion the meeting adjourned. The second gathering of the society ' s members was on the evening of August 17th. THE REDWOOD. 49 Francis A. Belz, the newly elected Clerk, read the minutes, which were adopted. The House was then informed that Messrs. J. W. Byrnes; J. H. McClatchy, M. R. O ' Reilly and T. F. I eonard were to pass over the Senate. In consequence Mr. Byrnes handed in his resignation as the society ' s secretary and Messrs. McClatchy and O ' Reilly theirs for Ways and Means Committee. In Mr. Byrnes ' place was elected Fred J. Sigwart, and on the Ways and Means Committee, Henry A. Haack and Bryte M. Peterson. The following new members were next voted upon and en- tered at a subsequent meeting: Gerald P. Beaumont, Joseph R. Brown, Albert E. Pearce, Martin G. Carter, William R. Jacobs, I eo. J. Atteridge, David B. McGregor, George H. Casey, Ralph C. Harrison. Subject chosen for discussion at first debate reads as follows: Resolved, That municipal ownership of public utilities is to the best interests of a city. Affirmative, James V. McClatchy, Conrad Jansen, Henry A. Haack. Negative, Philip F. Sage, Wm. T. Blow, Jos. Curley. A fine spirit prevails amongst the House members and much good work is expected from them during the present term. The Junior Dramatic Society, Tuesday, August 11, witnessed the opening meeting of the Junior Dramatics, Mr. Joseph Stack, S. J., in the chair. A goodly number of last year ' s members were in atteddance, and after a few preliminary remarks from the President, the election of officers was held. There were several nominees for each office and the balloting was very close. The following are the successful candi- dates: Vice President, Joseph C. Brazell; Secretary, Eugene A. Ivancovich; Treasurer, Paul A. Carew; Censor, Milton B. Morag- han; Sergeant-at-arms, Robert E. Fitzgerald; Prompter, Fran. X. Lejeal; Committee on ways and means, Richard J. Maher, Geo. J. Fisher, Michael F. Brown. The guest of the evening was last year ' s popular Vice Presi- dent of the J. D. S., Mr. Alex. J. Cody. At the second meeting 50 THE REDWOOD. several were proposed for membership, and out of the many names presented, those of Messrs. Sundell, Cowing andSpridgen met with enthusiastic applause and the young men were unanimously elected into the society. Mr. Lappin then favored the gathering with an excellent essay on Irving. Holy Angels ' Sodality. The following ofl cers have been elected for the present semester: Prefect, Edwin A. McFadden; First Assistant, James C. Brazell; Second Assistant, Eugene A. Ivancovich; Secretary, Robert Fitzgerald; Treasurer, Paul Carew; Censor, Richard Maher; Vestry Prefects, Reginald Archbold, Francis Ray McGovern. Consultors, Cyril Smith, M. R. Brown, Wm. Hanlon, George Fisher, Anthony Diepenbrock. " AULD LANG SYNE, " It is a great pleasure to note the unusual success of Roman Lacson, at Georgetown University. Roman is a young Filipino student who has proved himself, to use the words of an eastern paper, " an intellectual marvel. " When one considers that he is less than twenty years of age, and that he has been hon- ored with two degrees, the A. M. from Santa Clara and Ph. D. from Georgetown, neither of which has ever been granted to one so young before, there is every reason to look upon the remark as unexaggerated. Roman is remembered by nearly all the Santa Clara boys as a studious, jovial, good young fellow and one whose ambitions and ideals were always the highest, He was born nearly twenty years ago in Negros where his father, who was Governor of the island under Spanish rule, is at present a wealthy sugar planter. At the age of four young Lac- son was placed in a private school, and two years later he was re- moved to the Jesuit college (the Ateneo Municipal de Manila), whence he graduated with honors in 1898. When the Spanish -American war broke out, his father asked for troops to support the American flag, and welcomed our soldiers to the Islands. The First California Volunteers were sent to Ne- THE REDWOOD. 51 gros with Rev. Father McKinnon, a graduate of Santa Clara as chaplain, and through his influence Governor Lacson decided to send his son to California to complete his education. The year 1899 found young I acson a student at Santa Clara College, and his progress here was nothing short of marvellous. Besides winning honors in Religion, Astronomy, Political Economy, Chemistry and other branches, he graduated at the close of his second year with the degree of Master of Arts, the youngest stu- dent as far as we know who had ever obtained this degree in an American college. And now after two years at Georgetown he has been honored with the Doctorate of Philosophy. Santa Clara College is proud of Roman Lacson, and extends to him her heartiest congratulations. On June 25th last, Aloysius Joseph Welch and Miss Ethel A. Tobin were united im marriage. Mr. Welch is a Santa Clara boy who has just completed the law course at Columbia College, New York. He was a most popular fellow during his course at S. C. C. and the Rkdwood congratulates him and wishes him joy. Con- gratulations are also extended to his brother Andrew of the class of ' 01, whose engagement to Miss Julia de Laveaga has just been announced. It may be interesting for some of the old boys to know that down in Mexico they are heaping baseball honors on Manuel Perez, an ex-Santa Clara player. It was at the College that he commenced his career as an amateur baseballist; and since his re- turn to Mexico in 1896 he has won all the games for his team in which he figured on the slab. During his first year on the Mexi- can diamond he made a home run on the longest drive ever wit- nessed in that country. But it is not in baseball alone that Man- uel shines. A clever business man, a writer of no mean merit, he is living up to Santa Clara ideals. Keep up the good work, Manuel. --. The Rev. Father James Galvin, A. B., ' 99 spent several days not long since, with his mother at Santa Clara. He has just re- turned from the Seminary at St. Paul where he distinguished him- self as an acute philosopher and able theologian. He has been appointed curate at Holy Cross church, San Francisco. On St. 52 THE REDWOOD. Clare ' s Day, Father Galvia said the patron saint ' s mass in the stndents ' chapel. Carmel Martin, who distinguished himself in the box and still more in the class rooms at Santa Clara College has been appointed principal of the Soledad Grammar school. The Santa Clara boys are always your well-wishers, Carmel. Felix Galtes, Senior special ' oi, was a recent visitor at the College. " Nixie " is now in the Bakersfield Bank and is doing well. He dropped in to subscribe for the Redwood, and will send his check signed " Nixie. " Ed Cosgriff and Frank I awler ' 02, spent a day with us and were here just long enough to feel the effect of the earthquake. We are happy to announce the appointment of Ed. I eonard, ' 00, to the professorship of mathematics in the Santa Cruz High school. Three of last year ' s boys are now among the novices at Los Gatos. They are Charles Budde, the dauntless football tackle, James Leahy and Fred Ralph. We wish them well in their vocation. John Parrott dropped in at the College this month to bid the boys good-bye, as he leaves for Georgetown University, where he will finish his studies. John has the good wishes of all the Santa Clara boys. The members of the Class of ' 03 are doing well: Charles and Aloysius Grisez left last week for Eueka, as mem- bers of a Government surveying party. Lawrence Degnan, has taken up an advanced course in electrical engineering at Berk- eley. James Bacigulupi has returned to College in the capacity of professor. Wm. V. Regan is still with us in the post graduate department. Louis Normandin has begun an active career in the business world. Thomas Sweeney is teaching school in the Philippines. THE REDWOOD. 53 IN THE LIBRARY, CHR.ISTIAN APOLOGETICS. A RATIONAI. EXPOSITION OF THE FOUNDATIONS OF FAITH BY THE REV. JOSEPH C. SASIA, S. J., ST. JOSEPH ' S CHURCH, SAN JOSE. Translated from the sixteenth edition of the original French of Rev. W. Devivier, S. J., preceeded by an introduction on the Existence of God and a treatise on the human soul by Rev. L, Peeters, S. J., augmented and adapted to English readers and to present requirements by Rev. Joseph C. Sasia, S. J., this work in two medium sized volumes stands in its class the most complete exposition of the doctrines of Catholicity that has yet been pre- sented to the English speaking world. In its present form it is not a mere translation, but the combined product of three great minds. Devivier ' s first edition was the result of twenty years ' experience in teaching the matter of which he treats, and Peeter ' s introductory chapters though written while he was yet a student of Divinit} have since been improved and enlarged so as to con- tain the sum and substance of all that has been said or written on the subject. An ordinary translation therefore of the original French work would be inestimable, but the Rev. Joseph Sasia has given us more than this. A man of extensive reading, of twenty- five years ' experience in American college life, a lecturer of ability, he has put all his energy in the work and so adapted it to present requirements that no , oint of controversy, no recent evolution in religious matters has been neglected. Nor is the work a mere collection of forcible arguments in favor of Catholic dogmas. It is an exposition of the fundamental principles of Christian belief and contains a triumphant refutation of all the various sophistic reasonings of the opponents of Chris- tianity, be they open infidels or scientific scofi ' ers. " Exegesis, philosophy, theology, history, physical sciences, political economy, both divine and human knowledge concur in demonstrating, in an irrefutable manner, the admirable harmony existing between the 54 THE REDWOOD. dictates of human reason and the voice of Divine Revelation. ' These are the words of Monseigneur Fonteneau, one of the ad- mirers of the French edition and their truth can in part be real- ized by glancing over the contents of the present work. Every possible argument that has been directed against Christianity by preudo-scientists, by scoffers or by infidels is met with and re- futed. The importance of such a refutation, the necessity of every Christian having at hand arguments against the scoffs of modern infidelity may not appeal to everybody, but if there is a spark of Christian faith left, the importance and the necessity will readily dawn upon the thinking mind. " We do not hesitate to say, " remarks Father Sasia in his preface, " that the young Christian owes it to himself, he owes it to his weaker brethren to be able to demonstrate in a triumphant manner this truth of primary im- portance, that reason honestly consulted never fails to lead to the belief and acceptance of revealed faith. " If then it is of importance to know the arguments in favor of Christianity and the possible sophistic reasonings against the same, everyone will readily admit the opportuneness of a book devoted to the refutation of the one and explanation of the other. That " Christian Apologetics " has done both with success, over one hundred weighty authorities bear witness. We shall give the words of but one, His Eminence Cardinal Mermillod, " I read with liveliest interest your course of Christian Apologetics, in which you set forth in a vigorous manner the proofs of the Divinity of Chris- tian Religion and of the Roman Catholic Church. The readers cannot fail to recognize in your pages the masterly work of an eloquent Professor; method, lucidity, precision united with brev- ity, are the leading characteristics of your book. " Unfortunately in this age of self-sufficiency, a novel would be more acceptable to the public, but there are many who will wel- come the work of Father Sasia. Though primarily intended as a text-book in Catholic colleges, where the young student should receive the armor of justice and the buckler of faith before he goes forth to battle with the world, it is nevertheles preeminently suitable for the Catholic home-library and not without interest to Protestant readers. Parents will find in it the method of instructing their chil- THE REDWOOD. 55 dren, non-Catholics will find an array of arguments in favor of the first principles of Christianity, besides a clear exposition of many points of Catholic dogma which they do not always understand. SCHWICKEBATH ' S " JESUIT EDUCATION; " ITS HISTORY AND PRINCIPI.KS. BY ROBERT SCHWICKERATH, S. J. — HERDKR, ST. l OUIS, I903. $1.75. This latest addition to the numerous works on Jesuit Educa- tion is, as the Author states in the conclusion of his book, an ex- amination of " the educational system of the Jesuits in its various aspects, its history and its principles, its theory and practice, its aims and means. " The motive of the writer in going over what has become almost common-place was not to give us something new on a very old topic, but to put into a convenient form in Eng- lish much valuable matter, of which many educationalists of the present day are entirely ignorant, or which they at least ignore, and much that English readers unacquainted with other languages than their own have been thus far deprived of. " Since the Re- vival of Learning, " says Mr. Quick an English Educationalist, " no body of men has played so important a part in education as the Jesuits, " and " about these Jesuit schools, " he further remarks, " there does not seem to be much information accessi ble to the English reader. " Were not the truth of this latter statement beyond question, pedagogical students of past years, would not have been forced to get their information of the Jesuit system in such Histories of Education as those of Campayr , Painter and Seeley. Nor need we wonder that so many preju- dices prevail against Jesuit Education, of which some know only an ugly caricature and more even among the unbiased and fair- minded are seriously misled by the inaccuracy and ignorance of so-called leaders of Modern Education Thought. To instance this, we need only recall a statement made by President Eliot of Harv- ard made some few years back. The President after an allusion to " the method " — of uniformity — " followed in Western countries, " adds: " Another instance of uniform prescribed education may be found in the curriculum of Jesuit colleges, which has remained 56 THE REDWOOD. almost unchanged for four hundred years, disregarding some trifl- ing concessions made to natural science. " The gentleman has since the above statement been aff " orded some information on the subject, though he might have been spared an amount of embaras- sing publicity had certain chapters of the present work been familiar to him. The book is split up into two main divisions, the " History of the Educational System of the Society of Jesus, " and " The Principles of the Ratio Studioram, its Theory and Practice Viewed in the Light of Modern Educational Problems. " The first part briefly touches on education prior to the foundation of the Jesuits, and afi ' ords much that will prove of interest to the student, on medieval schools, their character and the influence of the Reformation on Education. The remaining chapters are devoted to the Jesuits as Educators, their labors and colleges prior to their Supression in 1773, the ' Ratio Studiorum ' of 1500, its Revision of 1832, and educational work of the Society in the century just elapsed. In the concluding article of this part and under the caption ' Opposition to Jesuit Education, ' he gives a succinct yet compre- hensive account of the antipathy and opposition which have at all times been shown towards the Order and a few of the main causes of this animosity among Catholics as well as Protestants. The second half thoroughly examines the ' Ratio ' , its principles, adaptibility, its prudent conservatism and intellectual scope. These subjects are further elucidated in the chapters on ' Elective ' and ' Classical ' studies. What remains of the book is well adapted to give those non- conversant with the life and methods of the Jesuit Teacher, a fair insight into his training, his modes of teaching in the colleges, and the means adapted to attain the end pro- posed by the Society in all its undertakings — ' God ' s greater glory and the welfare of their fellow-men. ' Throughout the book the Author has made free use of quotations, both from Catholic and non-Cotholic authorities. In extenuation of what he almost deems a cause of apology, he tells us that his main reasons for so doing, were not to expose his own opinions about the Jesuits Educational System, but " to show what this system is according to the original sources " , and " what distinguished historians and THE REDWOOD. 57 educators outside the Society, particularly non-Catholics, both in America and Europe, have said on the educational system of. the; Jesuits. " The work is written in a simple style and as the Author, himself frankly confesses not always as smooth as is de- sirable. " This, however, we deem far from blameworthy. The exigencies of translation from several languages and a desire to be faithful to the original have almost compelled him to adopt this mode of expression, " so as to let the facts speak without at- tempt at literary embellishment. " Whatever may be the opinions formed of ' Jesuit Education ' by such as will take the pains to investigate their system, it is not to be expected that fair and unbiassed judgment of it will be the outcome of F. Schwickeraths ' exposition. The Jesuits experience of three hundred years has taught them not to entertain such san- guine hopes. It has likewise taught them to continue their efforts, in the education of Catholic youth, disregardless of antipathy and opposition following in the footsteps of the first great Teacher of Mankind. " Other educators may take as their guides and ideals Spencer, or Rousseau, or Kant, or Pestalozzi, or Herbart — the Jesuits guide and ideal is Christ. " RKV. J. K. COPUS, S. J., BENZIGKR BROTHERS, N. Y. 85 centS. The interesting college stories that for several years back have appeared in certain monthly magazines over the name of Cuthbert have universally met with approval and appreciation by young and old students. It is interesting to find that the Rev. J. E. Copus was the mysterious " Cuthbert " and still more interest- ing to read his first book, " Harry Russell. " An intimate knowledge of American boys, a vein of humor that ever pleases, a flow of English, vigorous yet withal suited to the youthful reader, these are, we think, the chief causes of success. Though there is some thing in the plot that suggests " One Step and Then Another, " the resemblance is so slight as not to mar the originality to any great extent. The Italian vender with his Anglicized Italian or Italianized English is the only discordant note. We do not think the 58 THE REDWOOD. author had any personal experience of Italian brogue. He must have picked it up from his college boys, and boys always exag- gerate a good deal. CUBBENT POETK.Y. The following bit of poetry was written by an old Santa Clara boy as a tribute of welcome to the civil war veterans on the occasion of their visit to San Jose. It shows that Edwin Coolidge has the elements of a poet as well as his brother Clarence and our only grief is that they do not write more frequently. An army comes; nor watch nor ward we keep, Nor sturdy sentinels, with ' Who goes there? " But all is open as the Summer air; As guardless as the wind in Autumn deep. An army comes! God, what a theme for song ! Fit for a minstrel out of heaven ' s own choir: My hands are weak — yet let me take the lyre, And sweep the sumptuous chords — or right or wrong! The warrior ' s work is done; his fires are charred And broken embers, with his vanished wars ; I ok not for shoulder straps or grading stars Of general officers — turn out the guard ! Greet with all honor all the dark grey men, lyCt the loud welcome ring from sea to sea, Scale, as they scaled, the ramparts of the free: God knoweth when we meet and greet again. Go, welcome holily, ye sons of peace. The fathers of that peace that shields you well — lyCt wars be past or present, " War is hell! " — And patriotism did not die with Greece. Go, ask the heroes who on field and street Jeweled with ruby drops their beauteous South, Hurled their proud chivalry in the cannon ' s mouth, And greatly won magnificent defeat ! THK REDWOOD. 59 Go ask the Southron, terrible in his fall, Not how they fought, but what the conflict bore — How the last handshake dammed the tide of war — They battled, lost or conquered; that was all. The yew and laurel drink the shining sun. The rose and lily flourish side by side ; The vanquished ' s honor and the victor ' s pride Are all American and only one. Here in the vale our festival is spread; All welcome to your banners, gallant men Of gallant deeds! We greet you yet again In early Autumn — where no leaves are red. EXCHANGES. When a new Ex-man makes his bow to the public, he must needs explain the principles which are to guide him in his work and the tactics he intends to use in defense and off ' ense when nec- essity calls on him for the one or the other. It will not be difficult to understand the views and principles of the present writer, though he may not always live up to them as it behoveth. Firstly; praise will be given, and lavishly, whenever the magazine under consideration has a sufficient degree of excellence to warrant it. The only difficulty here is that we cannot, through want of space, do justice to all our exchanges every month. Secondly; we shall point out what we judge to be weaknesses whenever the article or magazine has otherwise some form of mer- it. Hence it is well for our exchanges to understand that when the Redwood criticizes some portion of a magazine adversely it is a mark of appreciation. Not every magazine deserves criticism. Thirdly; as regards our own eff ' orts, we shall rejoice with those who admire them and welcome any criticism adverse or otherwise that is honestly given. Honest however we shall consider no criticism unless it be accompanied by particulars. General, sweep- ing statements without any appended reason for the same, " will pass by us like the gentle wind which we respect not. ' 6o THE REDWOOD. THE ALPHA. A word with the Alpha is imperative. The Redwood ob- jected sometime ago to Miss Alpha ' s position on the question of short stories in general and ghost stories in particular, stating its reason for disagreement thus: ' ' Why they should enter upon a crusade against short stories, we cannot understand, for the story is open to all forms of literary excellence. " The idea of a crusade astonished the young people over in Maryland and an open denial of any such intention was the result. " While we freely admit, " said they, ' ' that the short story is open to all forms of literary excellence, we must insist that to entitle it to a favorable consideration, it must contain some form of this excellence. " Surely! Then you only object to poorly written stories? But you should bear in mind that it is not the short story alone, but every species of composition that must con- tain some form of literary excellence to entitle it to a favorable consideration; and if this literary excellence is reached with diffi- culty in story writing, then there is more reason for the student to attempt this form of composition, which though difficult, is both attractive and profitable. THE DIAL. An Alumni Dial greeted us on our return from vacation. " The Profession of Teaching, " " Law, " and " The Moral Tendency of the Modern Medical School, " are all worthy of attentive peru- sal. The last named article, however, struck us as slightly incom- plete. Through want of space, perhaps, the author touched upon but one cause of irreligion in the modern medical school, and omitted what is, in our opinion, a more important factor in the backward moral tendency of which he speaks. " We should attribute his, (the average physiologist ' s) errors not to pre- judice but rather to his ignorance of certain fundamental meta- physical principles. " This ignorance has, no doubt, a baneful effect, but we think that the real causes of moral deterioration are the evil environments, Wicked companions and the seducing books that are thrown in the young student ' s way. Such evil influences must in time rob him THE REDWOOD. 6i of that youthful love of the pure and noble; and even granting knowledge of metaphysics; he is not safe unless he scrupulously avoids the soul-quenching atmosphere of sin. THE FLEUR. DE LIS. There is a certain degree of gravity about the Fleur de Lis of July. ' ' The Influence of Catholic Home Life, " " The Monroe Doctrine, " " Compulsory Arbitration, " Dr. Young, H. Bound, re- lieved by Sketches from the Orient plus one good bit of verse, " Happiness, " and three poorer bits, make up the body of the magazine. What is said is well said but we recommend a more copious use of the story. The exchange editor, while paying us a much appreciated compliment forgot to name the story in the April Redwood which affected him so favorably. As it is, we take the compliment as given to " Ostracised, " for whatever its merit, it is certainly the best story in that number. But alas! how- different are the tastes of men! What pleases one meets with a very cold reception at the hands of another. The St. Ignatius Colleg- ian very poetically remarks, " It were better left unprinted. " Now here we wish to state that when two papers differ so widely, it may be that one or the other failed to read the story in question. THE QEOBQETOWN JOURNAL. The authors ' names appended to the articles in the Alumni number of this excellent paper are in themselves a suflBciant guar- antee of sterling worth. We were attracted by the article of Rev. Thomas Ewing Sherman, son of our famous general who left be- hind him a name glorious in our American annals. " The Smaller Colleges " is the title of the article to which we refer and its gen- eral idea is expressed in the concluding sentences: " The smaller College affords the rational training which lies at the basis of a Christian character, so we cannot afford to pass them by for the sake of the academic splendor, the glamor, the eclat of the great university. Let that come later and it will have its true place and proper effect. Prudent people learn to swim before they venture out into deep and swift-running waters. " Having had all the ex- perience necessary for authoritative teaching in the matter, having 62 THE REDWOOD. studied at Georgetown, Yale and Washington Universities, Father Sherman proves his point in a vigorous and argumentative composition. THE TOCSIM. The Tocsin exchange editor made a serious error when he de- parted from his ordinary course to give his opinion on " Church and State. " " In America, " says he, " an absolute separation of Church and State is insisted upon. The world sees the produce of such a principle, this is a land of freedom, God-inspired and God-wrought-out. And so we judge a citizen not by his religion but by his manhood. " If we were to ask a question or two oji this topic, we fear the answer would cause you a considerable amount of thought. What is meant by " an absolute separation of Church and State? " When, where and by whom has this abso- lute separation been insisted upon in America? " The world sees the produce of such a principle. " Where? How do you define manhood independently of religion? Of course we know that your position will not be so embarrassing, if you understand separ- ation of Church and State as something identical with freedom of conscience, as some people understand it. But, neighbor Tocsin, that is not the real meaning. For a clear understanding of the terms and of the underlying principle see The Redwood, Vol. I, page 62, THE REDWOOD. 63 ATHLETICS. The football season has come and all is excitement. The members of last year ' s team, as was to be expected, were unani- mous in re-electing William V. Regan captain of the new eleven. Captain Regan who has worthily borne the college colors during the past three years, is a strongly built athlete and well practised in the minutest points of the game. Three years ago, when a mere stripling, he set himself earnestly to work and succeeded in wresting the position of right end from men who seemed giants beside him. The year following he was moved to quarter, and such were the laurels he won for himself in this new position that at the opening of last year ' s season he was elected captain. Though successful as a hard bucker and end runner and sure in defensive work while playing half-back, it was as captain that he showed to greater advantage. From his men he demanded the strictest observance of the training rules, while he set them an example by faithfully observing them himself. To the watchful- ness therefore and ability of Captain Regan is due the great suc- cess of last term and it is not without reason that we look forward to the formation of an excellent team for the coming season. We feel certain that he will turn out an eleven of gentlemanly players who will be an honor to the college and will make con- tending teams look to their laurels. On the day following the election of the captain, the student body met again, and amidst the greatest enthusiasm, elected Mr. Francis Farry manager of the team. Mr. Farry is well known in the vicinity. For four years he has been doing wonders with the College baseball team. It is needless to speak of the esteem in which he has ever been held by the boys of Santa Clara. The fact that he has been manager and captain of the baseball team would have demonstrated this sufficiently, but the boys were not satisfied, they wished to give another proof of their esteem and so entrusted him with the management of their football eleven. With such union among the ruler and the ruled, great results are expected. Mr. Farrj ' s intelligence and energy go to make him an ideal manager. 64 THE REDWOOD. Already he has his schedule almost filled out. The full cal- endar will be soon announced. Games are being arranged with the Berkeley, Stanford, Belmont, Lowell, Reliance and other teams. Our old friend. Gene Sheehy, who is looked upon as the best tackle in the state, will coach the team again this year. Every- body in the state, who follows the game, knows Gene Sheehy, for he has played and served as captain on such teams as the Reliance and the Olympic in their games with Berkeley and Stanford. As a coach he has had ample experience, having held this ofl ce at Santa Clara for several years, and with great results. The material from which this year ' s team is to be made is ex- cellent. Many of our former players have returned and many promising candidates among the new men are working earnestly for a place on the team. Of the old boys, there are many besides last year ' s men who bid fair to be formed into the game. Thomas Feeney, for three years our left half, a splendid player on defense, an earnest worker at all the practice games, gives the best example to the new men of that seriousness and effort which they always exhibit in their afternoon outings. Our star tackle during the past two years, Frank Plank, will be back and try for his old position. No greater praise could be given to him than to say that last year in the game with the Stanford Freshmen, he clearly showed himself superior to Sprout, the man who achieved such great success in the Berkeley-Stanford contest. John Ivancovich has also played on the team for two years and is out again for an end position. John is a wonderful player, always down on kicks, a strong and reliable tackier, and a good man with the ball. Frank Belz and August Aguirre, who alternated at right end last year are also back. Both of them are strong, heady and earnest players, always learning something new when out for practice, and ever ready to apply it when the time comes. The latter surprised us last year, developing from an inexperienced player to the very best of ' Varsity material. lyouis Magee, the star quarter-back will be with us in the be- ginning of September. For a while it was doubtful whether he THE REDWOOD. 65 would return or not, and the boys were downcast, but later on the good word came that he would soon be here again and many hearts were gladdened. Magee was the rooters ' idol last year. Though much smaller than any man on our team or on any team we met, he was always a big factor in the game. He showed a clear head in giving signals, was a sure passer and good in inter- ference, but it was in punting and running up field on his puts that he more especially distinguished himself. John M. Regan, a youthful cavalier, whose weight alone keeps him out of the very first rank, is for knowledge of the game surpassed by none. John- nie was Magee ' s substitute and did splendid work whenever he took the regular quarter ' s place. The new players whom Gene Sheehy will select and form, are too many to mention. It might be well, however, for those interested, to keep their eyes on such men as Griffin, I eonard, Shea, Schmitz, Budde, Blow, the McClatchy twins, the Comerford brothers, Bacigalupi and Ryan. Most of these are experienced players, while all have the right sort of material in them. There are over fifty members in the squad trying for first team honors and as soon as, with the selection of the Varsity eleven, order comes out of chaos, several teams will be formed. Enthusiasm for the game is now rampart and, if the old saw — " competition is the life of trade " — be true, some notable struggles in the fight for the Varsity letters will be witnessed on the grid- iron. " Work hard and play low and fast " is the motto of the squad and from all appearances it will be lived up to. Several weeks must pass before the boys line up against any outside team and the prevailing ardor and spirit assure us that we shall then see a team in the field which will uphold the honor of Santa Clara. The following are the candidates for places: A Cuenco L Hicks W Pound W Schmitz J Collins F Sigwart J Comerford F Ryan t, Magee C Warren I, Woodford B Baird J Ivancovich G Pearce T Ena T Cecil W Regan R Kell R Scally J Regan A Mattei J Brin J Curley J McKenna 66 THE REDWOOD. A Aguirre C Castruccio T Feeney T lyconard D McGregor H Haack P Tullock M O ' Reilly M Carter J Shea J Higgins S Lyons A Castro J McClatchy J Bacigalupi E Comerford R Durie H Budde W Blow F Belz H McClatchy F Plank Interest in football is not restricted to first division only. Even the youngsters are talking of nothing but of punts and tackles. Several teams have been organized among them. The first team has elected George Araneta captain; M. O ' Reilly, manager, with Paul Carew as his assistant, and John M. Regan coach. The team of youngsters will average 135 pounds, with their football togs on, and the manager would like to hear from teams of the same weight. THK RKDWOOD £ Zbe Picturesque l oute of California ::3i 3 — i California northwestern Railway] 3 Dekr Season Now Open — In Sonoma and Mendocino : counties deer are very plentiful, and their haunts only one day ' s ride from San Francisco. 38 Black Bass are biting freely in the Russian river around Guerneville, Guernewood Park and Camp Vacation. The many trout streams are yielding up trout in great numbers, even though hundreds and hundreds have been fishing there for the past two months. This Company runs its own fish hatchery and every year stocks the streams along its road. So many people have returned from their vacation since July 5th that there is plenty of room now for guests at the Resorts, Hotels and Summer Homes. No months in the year are better for an outing along the California Northwestern Railway than July, August and September. Our " Vacation 1903 " gives full information in regard to Hotels, Resorts, Summer Homes and Camping Spots. Cai,!, or WRITE for a copy. Ticket Offices — 650 Market street (Chronicle Building), and Tiburon Ferry, foot of Market street; General Office, Mutual Life Building, corner Sansome and California streets, San Francisco. H. C. Whiting, Gen ' l Manager, R. X. Ryan, Gen ' l Pass ' r Agt. 3 3 I i THE REDWOOD Santa Clara College THE PIONEER UNIYERSFTY OF THE PACIFIC SLOPE This famous institution of learning, which is in charge of the Jesuits, has a reputation even in Europe for the completeness of its equipment and the thoroughness of its instruction. With most complete and appropriate accommodation in every department, and a full staff of professors, the institution offers uncommon ad- vantages for the mental, moral and practical training of young men and boys. FUI.1, PARTICUI.ARS MAY BE OBTAINED BY Addressing the Rev. R. E. Kenna, S. J. Santa Clara College Santa Clara, . . - . California FOOTBAI,! GYMNASIUM TBNNIS TRACK and BASl BAI I Suits and Complete Supplies Sweaters and Jerseys Caps and Slioes for All Sports Our High Grade und:ERw:ear Form Fitting and Sanitary for Men and Women Pleases all Wearers Try It knitJtingco. 60 Geary Street, SAN FRANCISCO. Open Saturday Utitil lo p. m, 9 ii ' W www wvmvmmmmmmmm THE REDWOOD Telephone Main 5327 Designing: Illustratingr Mnn. BRO ' WBi e;i«(Gravi:ng CO. Half-Tone Cni raLvers Zinc Etchini s 417 Montgomery Street SAN FRANCISCO. CAL B. Zcllerbacb $ Sons Importers and Dealers in Paper Cwines and Cordage Telephone, Private Exchange 14 416-426 Sansome Street, San Frandeco SHEET MUSIC We have the largest and finest stock on the Pacific Coast. When in need of Music, why not order from us? SMALL GOODS Everything in the music line, Guitars, Banjos, Mandolins, Boston " 3 " Star Cornet, Brass Instruments, Strings, Etc. CURTAZ PIANO Our own manufacture — 50 years on the market. A thor- oughly well-made reliable piano at a reasonable price. Also sole agents for Chickering, Mason Hamlin, Vose, Sterling and other pianos, and Apollo Master Player. BENJ. CURTAZ 6c SON 16, 18, 20 O ' FARRELL ST., CURTAZ BUILDING, S. F. BRANCHES— San Jose, Fresno, Alameda, Stockton Palo Alto. THE REDWOOD Cable Address, " APPLETON. " ABC Code. Telephone Front 76 HOOPER JENNINGS CO INCORPORATED Successor to Thomas Jennings Importers and Wholesale Grocers Dealers in Butter, Provisions Dried Fruits, Etc. 213-215 Front St., Cor. Halleck, between California and Sacramento Sts. SAN FRANCISCO CAI,. OWW W WWWSWW WWWW ' WWWWWWWW ' WWI O T HE REDWOOD flome of Low Prices i ' ' The Arcade i i a.- Phone Main 11 A perfectly safe and reliable place to trade POir THE BKSX XHEHK IS II J Dry Ooods Fancy Goods Leather Goods Men ' s FxirnisKings A..H. Marten Company SAT« josie J Leaders of Lo-w Prices J £P.i O ' BRIEN SPOTORNO Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Poultry and Oamct Butten €l)ee$e and £99$ stalls 3, 4, 5, 6, 37, 38, and 39 California Market Private Exchange 515 California Street Entrance, San Francisco, Cal. If yott do not wish to be tempted to nse hard words, like this man , send yon r work to the Enterprise Laundry Co. SANTA CI ARA Telephone Grant 96 Res. Clay 165 W ' ' W WWW WW W THE REDWOOD r =Jr=ffSmJL}t-inmUi.=Jr==Jr==Jr== J r=Jr==Jr==Ji r==Jr==ur SPORTING GOODS Football Supplies Send for Catalog 538 MARKET San Francisco I CLABROUGH, GOLCHER CO. Cbe Place - To keep your eye on. is the place that keeps up-to-date with styles. We make the place by always having the newest styles, and keeping j] in touch with the latest productions, and want you to wear the newest styles, be the first to don the new togs, let others follow Deckwear Shirts Underwear Gloves Jyosiery Collars and Cuffs Sweaters Suspenders Camkins | l abcrdasb ry k 78 SOUTH FIRST STREET SAN JOSE n THE REDWOOD i -- r- rn 1 i ! 1 i T A tf: ¥ ! 1 l4 % 1 1 Jl . m. JL 1 y In 1 i [j 1 [j 1 ii 1 1 If going East secure choice of Routes, of limited trains and || U tourist excursions by calling on nearest agent j i i i 9 J I 5 SoutKern Pacific | 1 1 i 1 1 1 i 1 1 PAUL SHOUP, D. F. P. A., San Jose |I 1 i 1 1 1 S 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 i E. O. Mccormick, Passenger Traffic Manager, San Francisco M 1 T. H. GOODMAN, General Passenger Agent, San Francisco. jj 1 jl i 1 i 1 L J THE REDWOOD Aiiilll lll ill l l llil li ik ll l l l l Ji lllllll Jk l ii nl liia i iiil M jill l i M ii l ill li m il liilllmi l llli l liiMllillMiM iliiLlliiiillllyim.ilillliM Milliliiniiillllli ljibimiilJllllimiljlLllhiill]lyihiillJiLlnmlJiblinnljliiliinllJlblMMl!]l[llimllJiyiiiMl Tor (iD tO ' Date €lotbe$ for Vouitg men go to PAUSON CO. zoo Kearney Street WORI D BlEATieRS FOR OVi RCOATS J. Q. ROBINSON PHARMACIST Pierce Block Santa Clara, Cal. Picture Framing Of Every Description. GALLAGHER BROS. 27 GRANT AVENUE SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. C. RKNZEL SON QROCKRS Phone John 741 339 and 343 South First Street SAN JOSE, CAL £♦ 6 Sresovicb Co Commission merchants And Largest Importers and Exporters in Green and Dried Fruits 519-521 Sansome Street San Francisco, Cal Phone xcliau£fe 31 Phones in all Rooms; Private Exceange J. TURONN T, Prop LAMOLLE HOUSE Only First Class Frencli Hotel and Restaurant on the Coast. I tiropean Plan. Cor. Santa Clara and San Pedro Streets SANTA ClyARA, CAI, 9 | i i ii i i i||p ii ' " ii f ii ii ' ' i i]| pi " in f ii i i i iifiii ii iii ]p iiiii i ii f iiiHip iMiii|yn " " THE REDWOOD illJllllMiill]iLl|iinllilyinnilll!)liiNllJlbhiiMllli)limll]lLliM[illil)liiinllIlllnMllJlllliMil[ ljllllii ill]lllliiMlJlDlimll]lbli.nilllblii uli]lLliMMlJllllMnllilLlrirMlllbliHil[lIllliMMlillii Something Better! ANTLER BRAND Fresh Frozen Oysters The M. B. Moraghan Oyster Co. S PACKERS 380 Branaan Street San Francisco %i " «pii™ifiiiNifiii«nin p iifi««ifi«iiip ifNi " i!|iiii»iiipiiiiinji«iimiiiimjiii»ii|jiinii|iiiiiiifi pi»iiifiMfii»ipi npi " ip» " iniiiii»iipiini|||iiiiiin]|iii lllfllllllipilllllp:-. THE REDWOOD )®®®®®(SXiX2)®®(i)®®(» Sumtner neckwear -r A very attractive line of Two-Bit and Fifty. Cent Neckwear in new shapes and colorings Special values in stylish Negligee Shirts at 50c and $1.00 each. A great line of Summer Underwear at 50c a garment. Bid Ualues in Sweaters « You can save money by buying your Hats at OBRIBN ' S SANTA CI ARA, CAI,. WM. F. BRACHER Dealer in Bicycles and Cycle Sundries Pierce, California and Hudson Bicycles Repairing a Specialty 1000 to 1004 Franklin Street, Santa Clara S SAN JOSE SANITARIUM 2 iBhlSIESLSX SISTERS OF CHARITY Race and San Carlos Streets SAN JOSE, CAL | ® J. F. STEPHENSON R. K. KENNEDY. § Yo« trade here you save money h«re Sfepbenson Drug Company Telephone, Main 221 Porter Building, San Jose, Cal. H. E. WILCOX D. M. BURNETT ATTORNEYS AT LAW Rooms 19 and 20, Safe Deposit Building San Jose, Cal. KCENIG ' 5 FINE SHOES San Francisco ' s Popxilar SKoe Store THE REDWOOD (SX«)®®®(SX5Xs)®®®(i)®(«X 123 Kearny Street, SAN FRANCISCO Redwood Subscriptions are respectfully solicited from the old boys. Rates of Subscription $i . 50 a year. SANTA ClyARA COI I iRG] Santa Clara . - - - - California THE REDWOOD A pair of properly fitted glasses will chase away that headache. HiRSCH Kaiser, 7 Kearney St. Opticians. INSURANCB I KATJO « SOIMAVIA Santa Clara 71 lUords a mtnute The Record of one of our Pupils with THOROUGH TEACHING on the Machine at School by an EXPERT and Free Use of Typewriter at Home ii ji »ai»» M»BC«Ma«BiiaBBatina»!nBnopguwii. ' iiiiBiiiiwiii i i i ii i i «i i i Miiiii W i umiub imiiiiiiiiiii h for PRACTICE Pacific 0oa$t Business College niarket and Post $ts., San 3ose Send for Illustrated Catalogue H. B. COX, Pres THE REDWOOD J. C. TRAVIS. CHAS. L. HILL. The Travis Cycle Co. « NATIONAL BICYCLES The little blue wheel INDIAN MOTOCYCLES It almost flies Sporting Goods I et us do your Repairing We Guarantee Satisfaction 57 South Second Street San Jose. Ke-w and Hles aut Parlors Reduced Rates to Students and Societies ANBREIV P. HILL, We make a SPECIALTY of getting our work out PROMPTLY, and it is all finished here. Take the elevator at the Dougherty Building-. No. 85 South Second Street. Xo C et a Grood Pen Knife GHX A] 55I-,ECXR.3C. Guaranteed to be as it ought to be. If it should not prove to be that J we will be glad to exchange with you until you have one that is. MANICUR] TOOI S, RAZORS Guaranted the same way. If you wish to shave easily, and in a hurry, get a Getn Safe ry RaJsor. The greatest convenience for the man who shaves himself. THE JOMK STOCK SONS, Xiainers, R.oofers aitaa PSumSjeirs Phone Main 76 71-77 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. THE REDWOOD )®®®®®®®(i)®®®®(i)(a A. M. D. G. Christian Apologetics OR A RATIONAL EXPOSITION OF THE FOUNDATIONS OF FAITH BY REV. W. DEVIVIER, S. J. TRANSACTED FROM THE SIXTEENTH EDITION OF THE ORIGINAL FRENCH PRKCEDED BY AN INTRODUCTION ON THE EXISTENCE AND ATTRIBUTES OF GOD, AND A TREATISE ON THE HUMAN SOUL; ITS LIBERTY, SPIRITUALITY, IMMORTALITY AND DESTINY REV. I . PEEXERS, S. J. EDITED, AUGMENTED AND ADAPTED TO ENGUSH READERS BY REV. JOSEPH C. SASIA, S. J. SUBJECTS TREATED . GOD, THE HUMAN SOUL, RELIGION, CHRISTIANITY, CATHOLICISM. TWO VOLUMES. Price, $2.50 for the Two Voi umes, which are not Sold Separatei v. )®®®®®®®®®®®®®®(iXs)(iX THE REDWOOD Mayer Brothers | I Gent ' s Furnishina, Glothiiig % Hats, Caps, Shoes I straw Hats and DvcK Suits % % I I Suits Made to Order a Specialty o-6a West Santa Clara Street 5 rk IrvCL f P and ia-14 I ightston Street ZTCil I jU t , V OK Telephone White 14. Office Hours — 9 a. m. to 12 m. and i to 5 p. m. Phone White 961 DR. T. M. CARMICHAEL DENTIST St I uis Building 115 South First Street, San Jsse, Cal. CHAS. A. BOTH WBLL WAXCHKS AT«(D JKWEI K-Y Repairing Old Gold at Right Taken in Prices Exchange 112 South F ' irst Street, San Jose m. Sebirle Successor to P. Reflli .5S2!S!L.iE. Boots and Shoes i % III South First Street, San Jose, Cal. | i! OCTOBER, 1905 THE REDWOOD iiiiiiirmmiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiniiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiig I Foss Hicks Co. I No. 45 West Santa Clara Street SAN JOSE. Real Estate Loans Investments A select and up-to-date list of just such properties as the Home-Seeker and Investor wants. FIRE, LIFE AND ACCIDENT IN THE BEST COMPANIES INSURANCE The Fullest Information Regarding All I ines of Business. Every Should lay aside a portion of his i income or allowance. E Open an account with this bank, i " Vol 1 no starting in with a small deposit and | — adding to it regularly each week or | Man month. Try this plan and you will be sur- prised and gratified with the results. I The Santa Clara Valley Bank | I SANTA CIvARA, CAL. I ImiiiimiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiimiiiMiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiimn THE REDWOOD fjiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiininnitiimiiniiiimiiniii F. MUSGRAVE Co. Watchmakers and Manufacturing Jewelers 2995 SIXTEENTH STREJiET, SAN FRANCISCO. Class Pins. Medals and Sodality Pins made to order. Designs Furnished Sporting Goods Bicycle Repairing Jobbers in Bicycle Sundries Baseball, Tennis Golf and Football Supplies : ig and Jack If I Garnot Dermody BICYCLES The 1903 Light and Yale Phone 975 Black 69 South Second St San Jose = Seaside Store, Santa Cruz = S. I,EASK Santa Clara and I os Gatos CROSBY I,EASK 76 Church Street = N. Y. OFFICE 5 l ros %Y 8 hea ) Dt} 6oo35 a.T23 JHera ' s Wear Pop ©ar dles ar d le© ©poarq Tl at ©arinot b© E:??:©ellod SA?i(XA CI ARA 5 Delivered in Santa Clara and All Parts of San Jose. = iiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiin THE REDWOOD itiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiriiiiiiiiriiriiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii!£ 1 n TT aT v — I i C THAT i IS IN U ' R HAT 4- Santa Clara. S kH JOSE.CAL. Asrent for the Celebrated Knox Hat Telephone Black 393 Groceries and Provisions Teas, Coffees, Flour Tinware, Agateware Feed, Potatoes Glassware, I amps, Crockery Fancy Canned Goods Wood and Willowware J. W. BI,ACK, Proprietor Th|e T lodol ©lotlilng Houso The Best Store in Town for Men ' s and Boy ' s Clothing Corner First and San Fernando Streets SAN JOSE, CAL H.E SKINNER CO. I 801 Market Street San Francisco FOOTBALL, TENNIS TRACK, BASEBALL AND ATHLETIC FURNISHINGS Tights, Trunks Suit Cases E Jerseys and Traveling Bags = ?iiiiniiMiniiiimiiimiiiiiimMiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiinniiiiiiiiiiMiimiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii THE REDWOOD Goidstein go» { Incorporated Costumcrs, Decorators and • Theatrical Supplies «• 733 Market Street, San Francisco, Cal. i Opposite Grant Avenue, Telephone Main 1615 Che earnest and most Coms lete Costume l ouse on tbe Coast Official Costumers for all Theatres in San Francisco and on the Coast, also, Furnishers for Santa Clara Passion Play, Bohemian Club open air Festivals and for all Carnivals on the Pacific Coast. mjm BUSINESS COLLEGE Established 40 Years. Open entire year. The great Business School in the metropolis of the West. The oldest, the largest, the best. It has trained 20,000 people. It annual enrollment is 1,000. Its average daily attendance is 500. Between 700 and 800 calls every year for graduates of the college. Nearly 100 Type- writing machines in the Typing depart- ment, 30 teachers. It cannot supply the demand for its graduates. Get the best business education. Go where the opportunities are the greatest. Send for catalogue. Day and night sessions entire year. Address E. P. HEALO, President 24 POST str:] :]st, san francisco, cai RKMKMBKR Ai,i, m:eats soi d by Western NIeat Co. ARH U. S. GOVJ RNMi NT INSPi CTED THE REDWOOD 127 J C 6 Sresovlcb Co Commission merchants i And Largest Importers and Exporters in Green and Dried Fruits A 519-521 Sansome Street San Francisco, Cal A ! Jetikines nd 116 South First Street as J nS in $an 30SC. ezi. n » Fumlsbinas We Make a Specialty of Catering to e J College Students Their demand as to Styles, Color, Combination and patterns are entirely difierent from other people. » ii i 9 ' .i»J M M;uiikmuuui»wiim»»iaM CBBiBMaHB«: B B» !«g Mmmii ■ Mm MBmi — M— We realize that diflference and meet it. May we serve you? Carmichael, Ballads Co., Outfitters tor all Mankind 55-61 South First Street SAN JOS: Sundries and Repairing Telephone Grant 425 A Columbia Cyclery Columbia and Cleveland Bicycles G. E. MITCHElvI , Prop. 1177-1183 Franklin Street, Santa Clara E. H. GUPPY SON Blank Books, fountain Pens, Tine Writing Paper Telephone Red 322 31, 33, 35 E. San Fernando Street, San Jose THE REDWOOD Comparison « Carries | Conviction » Our Big Mill has surpassed last season ' s splendid record. The ' ' 1903 " G. M. line Sweaters, Jerseys, Gymnasium, Track and Football Goods, Is the best show in Quality Style and Price Order Direct from us or ask your Dealer for the G. M. Brand Qantner Mattern Co. 20 POST STREET SAN FRANCISCO JJ , A. J. RHEIN I JEWELER I 15 Santa Clara Street San Jose, Cal. J» t nelson ' s Studio WE I Newest I ine in Photography Views of all kinds taken to order at most reasonable prices. If anything you do not understand happens to plates, bring them to us and we will instruct you as to same. % Best Cabinet Work $3.00 per Doisen % Phone Clay 421 1193 Franklin Street JJ »» Cry fbe €! eabinef £igar I J. HOWARD PAYNE, Distributor Phone Red 1542 109 South First Street, San Jose, Cal THE REDWOOD Painless Bxttaction Charges Reasonable OR. H. O. F. MEISTOBJ OK XISX Telephone Grant 373 Office Hours— 9 a. ra. to 5 p. m. Most Modern Appliances Rooms 3, 4,5, 6, 7, 8 Bank Building, over Postoffice Santa Clara, Cal. flome of Lov Prices The Arcade 5an Jose ' s Leading Store -A. perfectly safe and reliable place to trade KOR XHE BHSX XHERK IS IJ Dry Goods Fancy Goods Leather Goods Men ' s FiarnisKin s Phone Main 11 A.H. Marten Company SAT« JOSB J Leaders of Lo-w Prices J 83-91 5. First Street J. H. SULLIVAN Plumbing €a$ Fitting, Cinning Repairing Promptly Attended to Latest Double Gear Samson Windmill Phone 151 East 70 East Santa Clara Street, San Jose Res.— N. E. Corner St. John and Third Sts Jacob Eberhard, Pres. and Manager John J. Eberhard, Vice.Pres. and Ass ' t Manager Eberhard Tanning . Tanners Curriers, and IVool Pullers Harness-Ladigo and Lace Leather Sole and Upper Leather, Calf. Kip and Sheepskins i berhard ' s Shirting I eather and Bark Woolskin SANTA CLARA, CAL Co)tte.Hto« The Mission Church (Sonnet) - - Sophomore 67 PoKTRY AND Phii osophy OF lyiFE R, E. Fitzgerald, ' 06 68 ImmorTawTy (Poem) - - Edwin Comerford, ' 06 77 The I OST Sheep M, G, Carter, ' 06 79 Catii ine ' s Address to His Fei i.ow Conspirators - - Herman Budde, 06 87 It Was Her Kindi y Heart Cyril J. Smith, ist Academic 90 C0NS01.ATRIX Affuctorum (Poem) - - Alumnus 92 The Portrait on the Manti e M. V. Merle, Soph. Spcl. 93 The SCH01.ASTIC Idea of I ife Francis Moraghan, ' 04. 96 Editoriai s College Spirit - - - 100 Blasphemous loi " The Launching of a Beautiful Ship. " - - - 102 The New Test of I iterature 105 Coi,i.EGE Notes 106 In THE Library 116 Exchanges 119 ath1.etics 122 Nace Printing Co. !jnion( abeD Santa Clara, Cal. F. X. Farry, Managkr Footbam, Tkam. Entered Dec. i8, igo2, at Santa Clara, Calif, as second-class matter under Act of Congress o March j, i8yg. Vol.. II. SANTA CLARA, CAL., OCT. i, 1903. No. 2 THE MISSION CHURCH, h house of od, thou rim hisiorio pile, Jl eared hij ihe adre guilders of ihe est; hrisifs life is pictured on thy panels hlesi, iihin ihy walls and der ihe lonely aisle is pirii hreaihes. cg?A maij J pause awhile Q nd seek within ihij shade ihai peace and rest, he world knows noi, for it is (God ' s bequest 0 souls unsullied, free from earthly £uile. nd may J linger ' neath thy lamps bright ray, hat constant der thine altar fills the air J fith thoughts of the £reat ictim hidden there, ho filled their hrave , strong hearts, as mine to-day, J fith faith to conquer all, with love to dare c nd highest Joy to fall amid the fray. Sophomore. 68 THE REDWOOD. POETRY AND the: PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE. " The One remains, the many change and pass; Heaven ' s light forever shines, earth ' s shadows fly; lyife, like a dome of many colored glass Stains the white radiance of eternity. " Shelley, The demands made on poetry have ever been and ever will be of an exacting character. If it is " the impassioned expression that is in the countenance of all science, " if it may be called as Wordsworth again so beautifully calls it, " the breath and finer spirit of all knowledge, " then poetry must needs be something exalted and supremely noble. Such at least has been the unani- mous opinion of thinkers from Aristotle to Newman. All who have written on the subject, whatever their individual concept of the exalted might have been, were one in their demand that poetry should be trancendental, should be superior to all things else in the sphere of human wisdom, that the poet should be a teacher, an interpreter of life, and even, in the Greek sense, a maker. The tendency of some modern critics to limit the sphere of certain poets, to call Scott the poet of chivalry, Shelley the poet of liberty, Byron the poet of impassioned and eloquent energy, has the effect of belittling the poets in question. The only poet worthy of the name and of the high calling is the man who, with a full rounded intellect takes in the whole visible creation, clothes it with meaning and significance and directs the thoughts of his fellows from the visible to the unseen, from the material to the spiritual. Some critics, it is true, have allowed themselves to overstep the limits of common sense in demanding too much of poetry; or rather while separating poetry from religion they have endeav- ored to replace the latter by the former, and have given to poetry thus separated the power of explaining life and man ' s position in the world; a power which has been in the hands of religion since life and man began. Such is at least in substance the doctrine THE REDWOOD. 69 with which Matthew Arnold opens his famous essay on Poetry. " Our religion, parading evidences such as those on which the popular mind relies now; our pholosophy, pluming itself on its reasonings about causation and finite and infinite being; what are they but the shadows and dreams and false shows of knowledge. The day will come when we shall wonder at ourselves for having trusted to them, for having taken them seriously; and the more we perceive their hollowness the more we shall prize ' the breath and finer spirit of knowledge ' offered to us by poetry. " In his ad- miration he has become narrow, and insists on a falsity; that poetry is the only true form of wisdom. It is certainly an elevated way of presenting wisdom, but as we shall show, wisdom itself must be acquired elsewhere. lyCt not then poetry be elevated at the expense of religion. The divorce would degrade the noble art and argue shallowness on the part of the critic. We should find very little consolation in poetry, if it were not permeated by the principles of Christianity. There may be some passing pleasure in the meadows, groves and streams, some beauty in the rose, even when regarded by the natural eye; but consolation and comfort must be sought in higher things. Hence the wine, the perfumes, the cicada, andtheElysian fields of the ancients offer very little comfort to the heart-sick and weary pilgrims of the world. The psalms of David though written prior to the dawn oi Christianity are great poems, in some respects the greatest poems; but their inspiration came directly from God, the source of truth. Without this inspiration and Heaven-born truth, they would have little more of spiritual exaltation and solace than the restless moan ot one lost in darkness, which is so pronounced in the pagan poets. Homer with all his pathos and simplicity and harmony does not interpret life. Virgil sings and sings well of his god-like neas, but who can drink in the words of comfort from the mythological inanities with which Virgil abounds ? It was not then until the light of the Cross flooded the world that poetry became capable of explaining the problem of life and it is only when the poet basks either consciously or unconsciously in that vivifying light that he can offer us anything worthy of our consideration. The idea therefore, that because our religion is failing, we must seek an ever sureri and surer stay in poetry is a 70 THE REDWOOD. contradiction. When religion fails, though the religion of Christ never will fail, then poetry will be lost forever. Newman ' s teaching on this point is more moderate than Ar- nold ' s, and, it must be admitted, more sensible. He does not sep- arate reHgion from poetry, but shows how the best of all poetry is founded on religion. ' ' Revealed Religion, " he writes, " should be especially poetical, and it is so in fact. While its disclosures have an originality in them to engage the intellect, they have a beauty to sat- isfy the moral nature. It presents us with those ideal forms of excel- lence in which a poetical mind delights, and with which all grace and harmony are associated. It brings us into a new world — a world of overpowering interest, of the sublimest views and the tenderest and purest feelings. The peculiar grace of mind of the New Testament writers is as striking as the actual effect produced upon the hearts of those who have imbibed their spirit. At pres- ent we are not concerned with the practical, but the poetical nature of revealed truth. With Christians, a poetical view of things is a duty, we are bid to color all things with the eyes of faith, to see a Divine meaning in every event, and a superhuman tendency. Even our friends around are invested with an un- earthly brightness — no longer imperfect men, but beings taken into Divine favor, stamped with His seal and in training for future happiness. It may be added that the virtues peculiarly Christian are especially poetical — meekness, gentleness, compassion, con- tentment, modesty, not to mention the devotional virtues whereas the ruder and more ordinary feelings are the instruments of rhetoric more justly than of poetry — anger, indignation, emula- tion, martial spirit, and love of independence. " Still though critics do not always agree as to the source of in- spiration, nor even in all particulars as to the nature of the inspira- tion; they seem to unite in exacting of poetry that is worthy of the name, an interpretation or explanation of life, they seem to assent to Aristotle ' s doctrine that " above all other learnings stands moral philosophy because it points out the goal of all wisely directed effort. " Sidney, Hood, Newman and others have given us masterful essays on this point and, to a man, they maintain that true poetry should be founded on the principles of moral philos- ophy. Else it is trivial and worthless, as in fact all other forms of THE REDWOOD. 71 knowledge are, when not directed to the same end. An acquaint- ance, however intimate, with natural phenomena is but a shadow when compared to the wisdom of such as understand the same phenomena in their connection with man and man ' s interests. " The man who cannot wonder, who does not habitually wonder (and worship), were he President of innumerable Royal Societies, and carried the whole Mecanique Celeste and Hegel ' s Philosophy, and the epitome of all lyaboratories and Observatories with their results in his single head, is but a pair of spectacles behind which there is no eye. " " Felix qui potuit rerum cognoscere causas, " is the classical expression of the same truth and the causes of things of whic h Virgil speaks, must be understood to embrace the fijial cause ox purpose of things, as well as the efficient and mate- rial causes. For this reason the term ' sage " was formerly given to the poet, — sage, because he was something of a prophet, because 4m- pregnant with celestial fire, " he was enabled to re-echo the thoughts of Eternal Wisdom and lead his fellow men to heights superior to the darkness of the world. This was the case, in a lim- ited sense, even with the pagan poets. Cut off from the light of Christian day, they were possessed of an interior light, — " The Kingdom of God is within you, " — and in so far as they lived or wrote according to that light, they were poets. Homer ' s rever- ence for the gods, his respect for domestic virtue, for conjugal and parental love as manifested, to cite but one instance, in his Hector- Andromache scene, the piety of Theocritus and Pindar, not to mention that of Virgil and Catullus and even of Horace in his religious moments, these manifestations of something high and noble, and not the mere harmony of the metre, constitute them teachers of men. On the other hand, when with their power of expression they decend to low and degrading topics, as Horace, Ovid and others unfortunately do, the poetry is marred or lost entirely. Harmony of expression there is; but thoughts with that " seriousness and truth " demanded by Aristotle of old there are none. If then, poetic excellence is to be guaged by the facility and skill with which the poets interpret life for us, if the poem is to 72 THE REDWOOD. be labelled good or bad in proportion as it truly explains the meaning of our existence, the end towards which we are tending and the means which we should use to attain that end, the similar- ity existing between religion and poetry becomes evident at once. Religion, the religion of Christ, when not tampered with by the speculations of the ' ' intellectual all-in-all, " explains as nothing else can the meaning of life; while poetry, when inspired by this same Christian beHef, or when it borrows truth and moral princi- ples from this great fountain head of all wisdom, is an excellent handmaid of religion. But it is only a handmaid. The truths that are found in their fulness in the inspired books may be col- ored and presented in attractive form by the poet ' s art, but poetry will always remain but a shadow of the pre-eminently substantial truths of religion. The poet then must teach the meaning of life, he must explain the problem that confronts all men, that is constantly coming up within the depths of the human soul demanding an answer. Who am If Whence have I come? Whither must I tend? These " obsti- nate questionings " the poet, to be true of his office, must answer, or rather, since the world is now flooded with the Light of Christ- ianity, he must reiterate and put in varied and pleasing forms, the answer which is in our own souls, and which was given in such clear terms by the Savior of the World, when He instructed the gathering multitude on the little Mount in Judea. These " obsti- nate questionings " have been beautifully described, by Words- worth; " Hears not also mortal life? Hear not we unthinking creatures, Slaves of folly, love and strife, Voices of two different natures? Have not we too? Yes we have Answers, and we know not whence; Echoes from beyond the grave, Recognized intelligence; Such within ourselves we hear Ofttimes, ours though sent from far, Listen, ponder, hold them dear, For of God— of God they are. " THE REDWOOD. 73 And though these voices may be stifled for a time, they cannot and will not remain silent for long. The voice of earth increased by our earthy self and the enemies of our weal, is constantly call- ing upon us to forget the dignity of our immortal soul. The voice of God through the various media of Angel Guardians, of con- science and of Christian belief, is continually urging us on to higher, nobler, better things. It comforts us in woe, it warns us in danger, it exhorts, threatens, condemns, and must be heeded sooner or later. So much then on the problem of life, which poetry is said to have solved and which if properly understood, it has, in reality, solved. Poetry therefore is didactic, philosophical and in consequence dry and abstract. No this is not true. Just as the truths it has to do with are for the most part, simple and within the grasp of everybody, so poetry must be simple. Not that it should eschew ornaments of speech, not that it should refuse to " soar high o ' er the Aonian mount, " but whether the theme be high or low, phil- osophical or common-place it should appeal to the imagination, that faculty of man, which is a characteristic of the rustic as well as of the scholar, though perhaps the former has it in a geater de- gree than the latter. The poet teaches, he teaches, like the paint- er by means of color, like the sculptor by means of shapes and forms, yet more forcibly than either because he has at his com- mand more than color and form, he has the power of sound, the harmony, the symphony of the musician. He teaches, but so as to conceal the fact. With the poet ' ' ars est celare artem. " His in- structions are interwoven with the pleasureable, his intellectual qualities tempered wito the sensuous. Thus the lines ' ' Give me the man That is not passion ' s slave, and I will wear him In my heart ' s core, aye in my heart of hearts, " are instructive, full of wisdom and truth; but because the wis- dom and the truth are hidden under harmonious and figurative expressions, they are grasped with ease and without any suspic- ion of the moral implied. This play of the imagination is the secret of the poet ' s success, for the imagination is the nearest approach of the immaterial soul to its material surroundings. It helps the soul to see things mater- 74 THE REDWOOD. ial in a material manner, when such an aspect is desirable. By- means of the same faculty man can view immaterial things in the concrete; in a word it can idealize the actual, and actualize the ideal according to present requirements. ' Pale-eyed envy ' ' ' ■ ' green- visagedfear Q.nd ' shame that skulks behind are excellent illus- trations of the actualizing power of the imagination. The poet, therefore, is a poet because he expresses truth in a manner strikingly vivid, because he identifies the truth and the beauty of this visible world, as truth and beauty are identified in their source, which is God; because seeing truth and beauty in all things, not as in their source, but as reflections of the Creator, he endeavors to elevate the human mind to God, Who is the Al- pha and Omega of things finite. And herein, be it observed, lies the difference between the Christian and the agnostic critic. The former regards poetry and in fact all literature as a " factor in life, " as a means capable of helping us to reach our goal; he regards it as a gift of God, which like every Heaven-sent blessing is to be received with joy and thanksgiving, admired when found in others, and when possessed, used directly or indirectly for His Glory, Who has given it, and without Whom the gifts were futile and void. The agnostic, on the other hand, poor benighted creature, regards poetry in particular or literature in general, as as the end of life and the ultimate source of comfort and strength. Matthew Arnold, in the passage already quoted may be considered to voice the sentiments of the entire agnostic school. The great critic, great because he has written many things admirably well, has been guilty of gross blasphemy in formulating such a creed, and of downright injustice to his readers; for many of them, while seeking at the hands of this " priest of culture, " the bread of life, will unconsciously be content with the stone he offers. The ag- nostic then offers poetry as the consoler of the afflicted, — the Christian offers the Sacred Heart of the Savior. The Christian ' s source of comfort is both real and poetic. Each one must make his own choice. And so when the true poet sees reflections of the Infinite in the creature, he elevates the minds of man to God or to noble deeds. When he contemplates the lily clothed with greater glory than King Solomon and on the other hand looks at his fellow man, de- THE REDWOOD. 75 graded by vice and sin, he gives forth his sentiments in some such form as this, " To her fair works did Nature link The human Scul that through me ran; And much it grieved my heart to think What man has made for man. " When on the other hand he sees in man the kingly qualities un- ruffled by sin he exclaims, " What a piece of work is man! How noble in his reason, how infinite in his faculties. In action how like an Angel! In apprehension how like a god! The beauty of the world, the paragon of animals! " Such is the poet ' s task, to clothe truth in beautiful language. Whence does he obtain this truth? Our answer has already been given. His mind, great though it be, must have recourse to revealed religion; and unless it be full of the " Eternal Forms, " there will be no poetry, for poetry, with all its beauty and harmony and spiritual exaltation, with all its power of interpreting life and of soothing the heart-sick and the weary, is but a handmaid of re- ligion, is subservient to religion, and must rely on religion for its truth as well as for its beauty. There is infinitely more truth and beauty in the Sermon of the Mount, more interpretation of life, than in all the poems ever written by man. More light has been shed upon the world by the Eternal Son of God than by all the greatest intellects combined. Even before the advent of the Savior, whatever there was of spiritual elevation and unruffled peace of soul, must be traced to to the Fountain-head of all true Light and Wisdom. " Hail holy light, offspring of Heaven first-born Or of the Eternal co-eternal beam May I express thee unblamed, since God is Eight, And never but in unapproached light Dwelt from Eternity, dwelt then in thee Bright effluence of bright essence increate! " Thus Milton exclaims, mindful of the fact that all that is bright and glorious in animate or inanimate creatures flows from God. 76 THE REDWOOD. And when in opening his great Epic he calls upon the spirit of God for inspiration, Sing Heavenly Muse, That from the sacred top Of Oreb, or of Sinai didst inspire That shepherd who first taught the chosen seed In the beginning how the Heavens and Earth Rose out of Chaos, " he gives further testimony to the fact that Heavenly inspiration is especially needed for poetry. ROBT. E. F1TZGSRAI.D ' 06. THK REDWOOD. 77 IMMORTALITY- The Sun eacH morn in radiance bright Drives back the sombre cloud of night And victor o ' er the dismal gloom Refills the earth With splendrous mirth, And smiles on bud and blade and bloom, With parting day He sinks away Beneath the Western sea, Sinks but to rise On other skies In mightiest majesty. The stars but wait the Sun ' s repose. And then each Heavenly ember glows In sly and smiling innocence; Athwart the blue In varied hue They roll their crimson radiance. But they too sink Beneath the brink Of westward surging sea. Sink but to rise On other skies In never-ending j ollity . And so the myriad spring-time glows, The eglantine, the ruddy rose Pass from our sight; Their colors bright 78 THE REDWOOD. Were never meant to stay. With momentary life they ' re blest Frail as the reeds on which th ey rest, Brief as the passing day; Yet from their seed Will others grow And live and blow To deck the smiling mead. Thus all the Bea uty of the earth Has but a momentary birth; Born but to fall, Passing, fleeting, shifting all, And yet they pass to rise again, New life they breathe, New garlands wreath To clothe the endless plain. Shall then, the noblest work of God, Man in whose hands the kingly rod Of power was placed, Man, who the swinging Pleiades has traced. Whose soul can soar Earth ' s chasms o ' er And bridge the deep expanse of ocean waste,- Shall his soul set to rise no more? It cannot be ! Earth, sky and sea And all the myriad creatures ' roar Proclaim the truth of Immortality ! Edwin Comerford, ' o6. THE REDWOOD. 79 THE LOST SHEEP. " It was no unusual thing for Mr. Cadwell to receive a bundle of letters each morning as he entered his office to begin his day ' s work; but to-day, besides the accustomed receipts and checks from business men and capitalists, he noticed a peculiar little envelope signed in one corner, " From P. Cadwell. " P. Cadwell! thought the banker. That cannot be Philip and yet it must be. With nervous and anxious hand he opened the envelope and read, • ' Dear Father — If I may be permitted to address you thus, after having abandoned you, when in want, and having gone off to earn my own living without a thought of your welfare. But truth to tell, I did think of you and tried with all my might to earn a little something to send home, though I was scarcely able to struggle along for myself. Perhaps God punished me for leav- ing you alone in your old age, but I have recently met with more than usual success and have a comfortable little business of my own in Smithfield, N. Y. Inclosed you will find a check for $ioo, the first bit I have been able to save. I hope you will forgive me, and in writing, send your blessing. Your loving son, PHII.IP. " Mr. Cadwell looked at the letter, then at the check and smiled. Toor Phil! He has a good heart and does not know of my present circumstances. He must at all events come home and enjoy the fatted calf! " And he sat down and wrote a long inter- esting account of his wealthy marriage and his good fortune in having been elected president of the Morrisville bank. He in- vited Phil to come home immediately to enjoy the good luck. ' ' I do not know, " he wrote in conclusion, ' ' how you will get on with my new wife, but at all events you will have a place in the bank as sure as I am president, and if my mansion on Chest- nut avenue is not big enough for you, well — you may put up in the hotel. " An unusual smile accompanied Mr. Cadwell to the supper table that night and Mrs. Cadwell demanded an explanation. The 8o THE REDWOOD, explanation was brief and to the point, for the banker did not know how his wife would like the idea of having a step-.son at home. He was therefore agreeably surprised when she entered into the subject with earnestness and even with a degree of antici- pated pleasure. " We shall prepare the vacant boudoir on the second floor. It is I think the best room we have at our command, and if he isn ' t too old we can send him over to William ' s Business College for a few months. How old is he, Charles? " " Why, let me see, he must be twenty-two or three. He left me when he was fifteen and his mother died when he was four- teen. " That ' s not too old. Do you think so, Lucy? " turning to Mr. Cadwell ' s eldest daughter, a girl of some eighteen years. " No, mamma, I think not, " said Lucy, — who, if we must tell the truth, feared that her brother would find it difficult to agree with the new Mrs. Caldwell, — ' ' but is Philip really coming home, pa? " " Well, I ' ve written to him and expect an answer any time during the coming week, " was the banker ' s reply. Mr. Caldwell was not disappointed. A letter did come and Phihp was preparing to return home. He would arrive in a week or two, as soon as he could arrange matters with his business part- ner. Arrangements were made and Lucy hoped and prayed that Philip would enter resignedly into the new situation. A week rolled by and when the noon-day train of Saturday stopped at the station, a shabbily dressed young man stepped off and made his way up the main street of the town looking anxious- ly at the houses on either side as if in search of a number. Stopping before a large mansion he smiled contentedly, for he had found the right number. At the click of the gate-latch, a young girl who had been reclining in a hammock beneath the trees, roused herself to a sitting posture and looked concernedly at the visitor. There was a moment of hesitation and then the young man ran forward with outstretched arms, exclaiming, " Don ' t you know me, sister Lucy? " The girl jumping from the hammock, kissed him and said, " Why Phil, of course I know you. How you have changed! Why did you not let us know you were com- THE REDWOOD. 8i ing so soon? Sit down in the hammock with me and tell me all about it and then we shall go in and see mamma. She will be surprised to see you so soon, and papa will be beside himself with joy. He will be home from the bank about five o ' clock. " They sat together in the hammock and the young man told his reasons for coming earlier than he had intended, and then the two walked up to the house, hand in hand, the girl all the while telling him what had happened in the town during his absence. She went into the house first and seeing her step-mother sitting by the window knitting, ' ' Mamma, " she said, " here is my brother Philip; he came earlier than we expected. " Mrs. Cadwell jumped up with an apparent cry of joy and holding out her hand, welcomed him. " Phil, " she said, " for I may now call you by that familiar name, since you have come home again, we despaired of ever seeing you; but now that we have you with us, we shall not let you go. " " All right, dear mother, if I may be allowed that freedom, I don ' t think I ' ll ever care about going away from such a magnificent home. " The afternoon passed rapidly for Lucy. She was overflowing with delight as she sat beside the prodigal and told the entire his- tory of their father ' s second marriage, of the new Mrs. Cadwell ' s temper and of her own struggle to please this new mother. " Oh, I think we ' ll get along quite well, " said the lost sheep at last, " I ' m accustomed to so many hardships that nothing can ruffle my patience. " " You ' ll do then, Phil, " said Lucy, " but I do hope you will be careful to live up to your promises. " The step-mother did not like the looks of her new son and in- wardly determined to tell her husband all about it. " He was un- couth, without manners, without politeness, without everything that goes to make the gentleman. The thought of him eating with his knife was intolerable, but she would cure him of that in a short time! " Mr. Caldwell came home from the bank that night, without the least suspicion of his son ' s arrival. He was already prepared for supper, when Lucy rushed in and throwing her arms about his neck, whispered the good tidings. 82 THE REDWOOD. " I must see him at once, " said the joyous father. " How does he look? — changed a bit I ' ll warrant. Bring him to me immedi- ately, lyucy, " and as Lucy rushed off to her brother ' s room, the good old man was in a fever of excitement for the first sight of his son. The door soon opened and Lucy presented the long lost boy. There was a moment of embracing and kissing and even weeping, for both father and son shed abundant tears. " Well, you have changed Phil, " was all the father could say. " I suppose so, " replied Phil, " but mine was a hard life. When I wrote last to you I was wondering whether you ' d recog- nize me or not. " " Oh, I recognize you, but eight years you know makes some difference. Where did you get that scar? You didn ' t have that when you left home. What are you blushfng about? Some little trouble, I suppose, eh, Phil? " " Well yes, father, I met with a little accident a short while after leaving home. To tell you the truth, — but — " whispering in Mr. Cadwell ' s ear, " I do not wish to mention it now. " When the supper hour was announced the prodigal son seemed unusually joyful. He walked to the dining room with Lucy and according to the directions of Mrs. Cadwell sat oppo- site to his father. He manifested something more than hunger in dispatching everything and anything that came his way. It might be called uncultured hunger, such was the rapidity of action and the absence of manners. Fork, knife, spoon, anything available served the purpose of bringing the food within eating distance and though his father blushed and his step-mother stared, poor Lucy felt pity rather than anger and thought within herself that a few days would be sufficient to cure him of his bad habits. A long conversation was held that evening between husband and wife, the former excusing, the latter blaming the want of po- liteness. She was of the opinion that he should be cured immedi- ately; he favored the more patient course of waiting till the boy felt perfectly at home. Phil was not used to such environments; how could he be expected to know better? Two days passed and Phil was becommg more and more awkward. He spent most of the day in the chase with Lucy THE REDWOOD. 83 and always brought to his meals a ravenous appetite. His room, too, was very disorderly. Toilet articles scattered about every- where, newspapers, books and magazines thrown on the floor, and what was worse than all in the opinion of the step-mother, cigarette buts were found even in the most sacred parts of her mansion. By a singular coincidence Mrs. Cadwell determined to give the new comer a piece of her mind on gentlemanly behavior, the very night when the banker meant to initiate him into the ways of the world. The usual impoliteness at supper exasperated the homely matron and without meaning much, she broke out into a very torrent of words. You may not be accustomed to it, my dear sir, " she said, ' ' but in polite society you should not use the knife for purposes proper to the fork, you should not lean over the plate with your elbows on the table, you should not use the napkin as a bib. Such conduct is unbecoming and I cannot and will not put up with it. " She ended; Lucy looked at Phil and then at her father. The latter was unable to say anything for a moment, but observing Phil compose himself and beg pardon he ventured to suggest that after the mild reminder, he expected more attention to these points of politeness on the part of his son. Very little more was said that night at table, nor was it until the father was alone with his boy that he could explain his own business. " You must not mind the temper of my wife, Phil, " he began by way of introduction. ' She is an angel in her way but cannot brook any roughness in those about her. " " Oh, I don ' t mind it, father, " was the answer. " The only thing that troubles me is that I am so very rough. Eight years of hardship are beginning to tell on me, but I ' ll soon learn. " " We ' ll drop that however, " continued the father, " I have a little investment on hand and I wish to give you a point or two on how we men of business conduct matters. You see, I ' m presi- dent of the bank and hence acquainted with all the best openings for investment. To-morrow it is my intention to stake ten thous- and dollars in real estate over in Byington, and if I ' m not very much mistaken two years will double the investment. Hence you see the first quality of a man of the world is to be wide awake, to watch for opportunities, to seize on them when they come and the 84 THE REDWOOD. result will be all he can wish for. I have the money here in my desk, for were I to go over to Byington without the cash, ten chances to one, some other would spoil my good outlook. " " I hope you succeed, father. But may I accompany you? " " Surely, that is the reason why I called you. We shall rise early — the early bird catches the early worm — and start together on the first train. " This was an eventful night for Phil; a lesson in politeness and a lesson in business. What more could he expect? He did not expect more and he bade good night to his father, Lucy, and even to Mrs. Cadwell with more than usual grace and retired to his room with a light heart and anxious mind. True to his word Mr. Cadwell was up early the next morning. A smile of contentment was on his face and a feeling of anticipated success in his heart. To double ten thousand dollars in two years was not an ordinary occurrence, he thought, and going into his office he began to arrange some of his papers and documents. He was just about to open his desk when to his surprise and utter astonishment, he found it already opened. " Good God, " he ex- claimed, " and my money gone! How can this be? I am robbed! What will my wife say! " Rushing to the telephone he called for the police station and explained his case, as well as he could. ' ' They cannot be far off, " he shouted, " ! went to bed late last night and rose early this morning. So send some of your ablest men to guard the various exits from the town and I shall reward you richly. The excitement of the distracted banker aroused his wife and daughter and they dressed and hurried into the oflBce. A moment sufficed to inform them of the robbery and Lucy rushed out to call Phil, thinking that he might assist them out of the trouble. Phil was not to be found. His room was empty, his bed unruffled, his old clothes were lying about in their usual disorder. Lucy looked about and observing a note on the bureau took it up and read as follows : Dkar Lucy: I shall return in two or three days. The im- pudence of that step-mother has wounded me, and I intend to struggle along for myself, but you will soon hear from Your loving brother Phil. Lucy wept and without any suspicion of duplicity hastened THE REDWOOD. 85 back to inform her father of Phil ' s departure. The news was like a thunderbolt, but on reading the note, which his daughter slipped into his hands, he calmed a bit and excused Phil ' s sudden depart- ure. Not so the wife. She was certain that the intruder was the guilty person, begged her husband so to inform the police and left the room. Two days of agony had passed and nothing had yet been heard of the robber. Mr. Cadwell was frantic, yet he was not ruined financially and continued his work at the bank. On the evening of the third day after the crime, while the family was at supper the telephone rang and rang again, before he could answer it. He took down the receiver with tremulous hand and listened attentively. ' Is this Mr. Cadwell? " ' ' Yes. " " Well, we have a young man who calls himself Philip Cad- well. Shall we bring him to you? " " By all means. As I have already intimated, I suspect him of the robbery and wish to ascertain the truth. " In less than a half hour, and after the step-mother and sister had been informed of what had happened, two ofiQcers of the law entered, and brought with them a young man who trembled in every limb. " That ' s not my son! " exclaimed Mr. Cadwell, as he looked anxiously at the youth. " Are you Mr. Cadwell, the banker? " demanded the prisoner. " I am, sir, " said the banker. " And did you not write to me and invite me to your home? I left a prosperous business, at least a promising business, to come here and now must I be thrown out? " " My dear young man I have been imposed upon by one who claimed to be my son, who was here some two days back and to whom I really now attribute the robbery of my ten thousand dol- lars. " Had the young man of whom you speak a short black mus- tache, a scar on his left cheek and " " Yes, he had. Do you know him? " said the father, somewhat nervously. 86 THE REDWOOD. " Yes, father I do. He is really an imposter. He was a friend of mine and I told him all when you wrote to me, told him that I was to return and live at home and the very next day he was miss- ing from the town. If he has left any writing I can verify my statements, for I have here a specimen of his penmanship. " lyUcy, who was taking in all these particulars produced the note forthwith and it was recognized by the second son of Mr, Cadwell. He showed them the signature of Rodney Vance and in all particulars the two hands agreed. ' Have you still the letter I wrote to you in which I enclosed the one hundred dollars ? If so I can prove my identity and then with your leave depart in peace. " Phil uttered these words somewhat bitterly and the father felt their cutting effect, but not half so much as Lucy. ' ' Father, " she exclaimed, " something tells me that this is Philip; believe him, trust him, at least for a while, and throw the blame on me if he deceives us. " In the meantime the young man had signed his name. It agreed with the signature of the letter and Mr. Cadwell threw his arms around his son and sobbed, " Thrice welcome my real son Philip! " There was joy that evening in the Cadwell family. Even the step-mother seeing in Philip more of her husband than she had observed in the intruder, took a liking to him and used every pos- sible means to make him feel at home. But of the ten thousand dollars nothing has yet been heard. M. G. Carter, ' o6. THE REDWOOD. 87 CATILINE ' S ADDRESS TO HIS FELLOW CONSPIRATORS. The address which Catiline delivered on the occasion of his first conspiracy has been translated from Sallust almost verbatim into blank verse and is given herewith. The most remarkable feature of the address is its vehement denunciation of riches and pleasures, by Catiline, a typical fault of those who like him have wasted their own inheritance, and covet the possessions of others. The speech will be interesting to those who have observed and studied the conflict between Labor and Capital in our own day. Not that it bears any special resemblance to the harangues of such laborers as honestly wish to better their present state in life; but it is, we think, an excellent example of what infatuated socialism can lead to. Catiline and his fellows were nothing more nor less than Roman socialists, men who had squandered their own goods and looking with envious eyes on the possessions of others began to clamor for equality. We shall give the speech in full and let the ethical student philosophize on it. THe Address. Had ye not shown fidelity and love To me your leader, vain in truth would be This gathering: vain this new fledged hope Of domineering Rome had been conceived, Nor would I now through vain and rash desire Cull vantages from mere contingencies. But as your mettle has been tried in storms. Tried and found solid to the very core. My mind is stirred to mighty deeds and great. Deeds that will wear the glory of our age And ' blazoned on the page of time survive When we have gone! United now we stand 88 THE REDWOOD. In Love and Hate, and nnion sucH as this Begets the strongest ties of amity. My plans of warfare yon have elsewhere heard, But still my soul beats hard against my breast, And I must further kindle your brave hearts. What will the future hold in store for us Unless we now assert our liberty? The few who rule have taken reins of power And madly drive the commonwealth to ruin. Kings, princes, foreign peoples, all the world Pay tribute to the tyrants ' lordly state. And we, brave, noble, worthy sons of sires. Who swayed erewhile the destinies of Rome, Are now regarded with a brutal eye. As low, base hirelings, cruel and bloody men Without or hope to rise or power to live ! A mob of lackeys to the men who rule. Men who, were Rome in pristine health to-day, Would feel the anger of our mighty arm; To them is honor, wealth and influence; To us base insults, poverty and wrongs, And what is more, the pangs of hunger sap The very strength within our wretched beings. Oh warriors tried and true, how long, how long Will ye submit to such indignities ? Were it not better far to die as men On glorious battlefield, than thus to be The butt of ridicule to base-born slaves. And lead a life degraded, wretched, low ! But, witness all ye Gods and mortal men ! We shall not fail. Our years are fresh, our minds Are, as our bodies, strong and firm, THE REDWOOD. 89 While they are wasted by their age and wealth. Ours is to start the noble work afloat, The rest will Fortune smiling on our deeds, Accomplish in good time. Who is there with the feelings of a man That can endure their haughty tyranny ? This wealth displayed on land and seas, while we Do lack the very needs of life? Aye more. They live in palaces of boasting pride. And we no rustic household gods adore. They purchase pictures, statues, plate inwrought With jewels, and we with penury at home And debts abroad, scarce have aught else to call Our own, but this thrice wretched soul that longs For higher, nobler, better, worthier things. Then rise, awake, throw off this servile yoke ! Behold that ' boasted liberty of Rome ! Now honor, glory, wealth are in your view. They are the laurel-branches for the brave, The prize of war and daring deeds of blood ! Let then this great injustice urge you on, Let poverty and dangers, feuds and wrongs Enkindle in your hearts the lust of war ! In me you have a chief, or, if you wish, A fellow soldier in the combat grand. My strength and energy of soul is yours. Great deeds I hope to venture with your aid And in the robes of consul rule the world, Unless perchance I understand you not And you would rather serve than gain by war The glorious privilege of liberty. Herman Budde, 06, 90 THE REDWOOD. IT WAS HER KINDLY HEART. Tap, tap, tap; hour after hour the rain pattered noisly on the roof. Suddenly amid the howl of the wind and the never ceasing patter of the rain came a light distinct knock. Jumping from my chair, where I had been dozing, I unlocked the door and little Maria Sanders glided in followed by a blast of wind and rain that fairly shook the old house. Why what ' s the matter? ' I asked, rather astounded at the time of night selected for a visit. " O do come please, quick! Mamma is so sick, " said the child pleadingly, she — she can ' t talk to me, " she added, sobbing. Mrs. Sanders had lost her husband some months since and every one knew that it was by the hardest work she had managed to keep herself and her little girl. At last her weakened constitution broke under the strain; she was no longer able to retain her cozy little home in Kryls Lane and was finally compelled to take lodg- ing in one of those packed tenements in the poorer quarter of the town. Here she gradually sank, day by day, until now only the last cord remained unbroken and she was but hanging on the brink of eternity, into whose fathomless depths she must soon fall. Therefore when I heard the child ' s tearful appeal I was not surprised that her end was near. A11 right Maria, I come, " I said, hastily slipping on my great coat. We soon reached the house or rather shanty in which she lived. Maria led the way up the narrow stairs into the dark room. " That is it, " she said. So I struck a match and lit the bit of tallow candle that lay on the table. There in a corner on a pallet lay Mary Nolan, her once bright and young face pale and gaunt with every mark of long and intense sorrow and suffering. I went over to the bed and spoke to her but to no purpose. All she could do was to toss about and bury her face in the pillow. Finding that my presence was useless, I pressed her hard, worn hand and was about to go, when she looked up into my face. She said nothing, but I could read in her countenance the THE REDWOOD. 91 gratitude she felt. I told Maria that I would come again in the morning and then left the house. A little after twelve I reached home tired and sad, and tumbled into my bed, but the occurrence of the previous hour was too vivid to permit sleep and it was well nigh three o ' clock when my drooping lids found rest. Early that morning, true to my word, I went to the shanty where Mrs. Sanders lived, but when I got there I found that she had gone to a land where there are no troubles or sorrows to bear up under. There she lay still, silent and beautiful in death. The last traces of sorrow had been blotted out, and once again I recognized the lovely features of Mary Nolan, the inn-keeper ' s daughter in Westford. As I stood there, looking on in silence, an elderly woman approached me. ' ' It was her kind heart that was her death, " she said. " O yes, yes, she was so honest that Mary Sanders. " ' ' Why, what do you mean? " I asked, intending to draw the particulars of the story from her. " I will soon explain it, sir, " she answered. " It was only two nights ago and I was down on my bed with the rheumatism with no one to help me but those two little ones, " indicating two little girls of about nine and ten. " It was a night like the last, cold and wet, and there was not a stick in the house to start the little stove. Poor Mary heard, I dont know how she did, but through the rain and mud she brought me the wood, and all the while that hacking cough — " and here the poor woman gathered up her apron to wipe away the tears which ran down her face. " We had not been good friends of late, me and Mary, " she continued, with a broken voice, " but it surely was no fault of hers. " She then explained to me in phrases, interrupted jepeatedly by her sobs, how through a misunderstanding brought about by tale bearing neighbors the es- trangement had taken place. " May heaven be her reward, " she sobbed as she concluded her sorrowing tale. That day she was buried. A little black cross with the name ' Mary Sanders ' is all that marks her grave. It was this little cross which I chanced upon to-day as I strolled leisurely through a neglected part of Calvary cemetery, that recalled to my memory the story of poor Mary Nolan. Cyrii, J, Smith, ist Academic. 92 THE REDWOOD. CONSOLATRIX ArFLICTORUM. I was sick of the ceaseless striving In a work that was never done: Heart-sick of the endless conflict In a strife that was never won: And I turned unto Her at even, The stars were gleaming bright, (But the deep unrest in my troubled breast Wrought the gloom of darkest night. Shall the toil of this ceaseless striving (Be crowned, though the work is done? Shall the wounds from this endless conflict (Be healed, though the strife is won? These were the thoughts that mocked me And filed my soul with care, (But what sweet relief as I told my grief ' Jleath Her smiling image there I I love now, the ceaseless striving In a work that will soon be done And I welcome the weary conflict. For the strife will soon be won. Then shall the crown be given Of gold with jewels wrought And unbroken peace where the toil shall cease, And rest from the fight well fought. Alumnus. THE REDWOOD. 93 THE PORTRAIT ON THE MANTLE. Richard Wilmington Jr. pulled off his overcoat with a savage snap, tossed it on the library table, walked over to the grate, and kicking a dying coal into life, dropped limply into his Morris chair. Regardless of his shining patent leather jumps he dangled his feet listlessly over the fender, while the glow from the grate played spirituously on his athletic figure and made deep red crevices across his crumpled shirt bosom. He chewed his pipe maliciously and with a total unconsciousness of the volumes of gray smoke that curled up in swarting clouds to the ceiling, for Richard Wil- mington Jr. was mad, absolutely and supremely mad. Irving, Tennyson, Wordsworth looked down on him with dignified pity from their respective positions on the book case, the couch piled high with pillows offered him complete comfort and absolute con- solation, and the old Dutch clock on the mantle repeatedly whis- pered to him that it was long past midnight. Richard only crossed his feet on the fender and toasted his heels to a turn. A window on the other side of the room was down a bit from the top and a gentle breeze crept through the opening and blew over a photograph that had been quietly minding its own business on the left hand corner of the mantle. Its face caused the angered Richard to wince and he bent forwerd to pick it up. It was the photograph of Katherine Langhara, and the name was signed in a delicately feminine hand across the lower half. She was in a sitting posture with her hands caressing a flower covered hat that rested lightly on her lap, her eyes turned at just the right angle of coquetry, her hair loose and careless and her mouth indicative of firmess, but withal sweetness of character. Wilmington looked wistfully at the picture, taking in every detail; the hat, the small hands that held it, the eyes and the firm- ly set lips. Then without even brushing the dust that had gath- ered on the corner, he set the photo down on the mantle with the face toward the mirror and the white stiff back of the card glower- ing down on the fluer-de-lis carpet. He was not a pessimist, but on the night of the Senior hop, he believed that luck was against him, and could see no successful outcome, as he slid back into the Morris chair and refilled his pipe. 94 THE REDWOOD. But a few bours previous to the above scene he had left his room for the Senior hop, merely because Katherine Langham had asked him to do so; yet he went with a purpose, which unfortu- nately for him events knocked quite flat and hopeless. He called early for Katherine at her aunt ' s home and found her in unusually good spirits. She chatted and laughed innocent- ly on the way to the hall, whither the students were flocking and accepted without reluctance the invitation to dance the first round with Richard. Wilmington was jubilant. He left Miss Langham in the ladies ' vestibule and was just about to check his hat, when the hammer of fate fell. Charlie Roberts hailed him and with al- most impertinent curiosity asked him if he had heard that John Scott had proposed to Katherine Langham that afternoon and had been accepted. Poor Richard! He dropped his hat and grew white in the face. " You don ' t say so? " was all he could say, and he hastened out into the fresh air to think. Turning the matter over and viewing it from every conceivable point, he found that the mystery be- came more and more complex. If such be the case, he argued, what on earth was Katherine Langham doing at a Senior hop with him? Why did she promise him the first dance? While thus reasoning Scott passed by and in a moment was within doors. The music had started and Wilmington pursued Scott into the hall. Finding no trace of him in the smoking room, he climbed up stairs to the gallery and looked down on the floor beneath. It was dotted with silk dresses and snow-white shirt fronts. With a sickening something in his heart, Wilmington spied Katherine. She was standing near a festooned pillar look- ing anxiously about the hall and talking nervously to Scott. She gave one sweeping glance, just as Richard dodged behind a con- venient portier and then putting herself in Scott ' s arms she glided out into the whirling maze. This was the finish of Richard Wilmington Jr. He rushed down stairs and out into the night again and walked anxiously up and down on the lawn, thinking, planning, resolving. He kicked over the keep-ofi ' -the-grass sign before he went back into the smoking room with the vain hope of meeting Scott. But he met no one but Edwards, his study-partner, who noticed that a cloud was hanging over his friend, and asked: THE REDWOOD. 95 ' ' What ' s the trouble Dick, why not dancing? " " I ' ve a beastly headache and I think a toothache too. I ' ll go home and turn in. " " All right, I ' ll walk along with you; and by the way, I have something lor you. " It was a letter and Richard put it hastily into his pocket and the two linked arm in arm walked silently homeward. They had parted, and now — Wilmington squirmed in his chair, and reaching up to the mantle he snuffed out one of the candles that burned beneath the red shade in a gorgeous Chinese candlestick. As he did so, his eyes fell on an egg- blue envelope that lay on the floor beneath the table. The Pickerton Hall note paper was egg-blue. Then he re- membered; — Edwards had handed it to him as they departed from the hall, and it had probably fallen from his pocket when he tossed his coat on the table. He picked it up and took it over to the candle light. It was addressed to him in Katherine Langham ' s handwriting. His first impulse was to tear it open. But he paused — he knew what it contained. It was the announcement of her en- gagement to Scott. Well at least he could see how she put it. He drew the note slowly out of the envelope and read, " My dear Mr. Wilmington — You certainly owe me an apology for your absolutely rude treatment of me this evening. What have I done to deserve it? I needed you particularly to-night to help me deny the absurd story that has circulated regarding an en- gagement between Mr. John Scott and myself. It is a joke, of course, which resulted from that silly garden party fortune teller yesterday, and both Mr. Scott and myself fail to see the humorous side of it. Of course I will expect a much desired explanation of your conduct in the morning. Very truly, KATHERINK lyANGHAM. " P. S. — I telephoned to my aunt, who is staying here in Ar- dendale, and she will chaperone me home this evening. K. ly. " It was dated that night at the Pinkerton Hall. Richard Wilmington Jr. fairly beamed with delight. He seized the picture of the girl on the mantle, and brushed the dust off the left hand corner. Then he snuffed out the other candle. Martin V. MkrIvK, Soph. Spcl. 96 THE REDWOOD. THE SCHOLASTIC IDEA OF LIFE. The subject of the present brief exposition was suggested by an article in Public Opinion of August 20, entitled, " What is Death, and When Does it Occur? " Before coming directly to the double question which he pro- poses to himself, the writer prefaces his reply with the following remarks. Life, he says, rcf eating Spencer ' s well-known defini- tion, is a ' continued adjustment of internal relations to external relations; " and again, this time on his own authority, " Ordinarily, of course, everyone thinks that he knows when a man is dead. But when looked at more closely the subject is not quite so simple. " After a few lines on the practibility of the question he enters upon an exposition of his own views of " life " — the solution of the riddle — to which he devotes the larger part of the paper. There, as far as his order is concerned, we agree with him; for to understand what death — the cessation of life — is, we must first understand what life is, since the notion of the one fully de- pends on that of the other. But when he tells us that " life appears to be merely a convenient name for a series of physico- chemical processes which avowedly diflfer much in complexity from inorganic phenomena, but which have never yet been shown to differ from them in kind, " we are forced to disagree with him. This view of his tallies, no doubt, with the views of many philosophers of the present day; still there are not a few dissent- ing voices. To put forward the ideas of the latter, commonly known as Scholastics, is the purpose of this paper. The adherents of Scholasticism hold that words of themselves, do not immediatel} stand for things. Not that they do not in some way, they argue, represent things, but that primarily they are used to express the thoughts for which they stand, and sec- ondarily and as a consequence, the object or objects which are represented by that thought. Some words, it is true, have little or no definite meaning attached to them. The names of persons, as Washington, Adams, for instance, serve merely to distinguish THE REDWOOD. 97 one individual from another. In keeping with this position, life could hardly be defined as " merely a convenient name for a series of physicochemical processes. " It is a word too big with meaning to be only a name. To understand in some way the meaning which the Scholastic intends in his use of the word " life, " it may not be amiss to follow him in his acquisition of the term. In this wise, not the mean- ing only of life will be given with greater clearness, but its reality will be the more perceptibly understood. The Scholastic, first of all observes things or objects, such as plants, animals and men, as they really exist in nature and then the motions, changes and the like which in reality take place among them. Nor is he content with a mere general or partial inspection; he endeavors to bring to his observation all the thor- oughness which, humanly speaking, he possibly can. Linnaeus radically erred, so botanists tell us, when he made his classification of plants rest solely on the difference of their reproductive organs. On this account his system is deemed arti- ficial and in consequence has been supplanted by one of more recent date which bases itself on the life-history of plants. Not as Linnaeus then, but as the modern botanist, the Scholastic grounds his view of life. He observes not one only or even sev- eral classes of processes which obtain among plants, animals and men, but regards ra ther all that is embraced within their natural history. He perceives that men, animals and plants differ from mere solids, liquids and gases, in their origin, coming into being as they do through others which have the same specific type or nature. Thus a dog begets a dog whereas water is the resultant of the chemical union of oxygen and hydrogen. He notes too, that men, animals and plants in their develop- ment, unlike solids, liquids and gases, nourish themselves and grow according to a certain morphological type and within cer- tain limits of age; that they difi ' er in duration, since men, animals and plants exist for a certain limited period, after which they decay and disintegrate, even though all external differences remain the same, whereas solids, Hquids and gases may and do continue to exist for an indefinite length of time. Men, moreover, as well as animals and plants are organic in their structure; their 98 THE REDWOOD. parts are diversely formed and exercise a variety of functions. A dog, for example, has eyes to see, ears to hear, a nose to smell, a tongue to taste, a heart to circulate its blood, lungs to breathe the air which it needs and a stomach wherewith to digest its food. There exists besides, a mutual interdependence among all the parts of the organism, since all the organs are constantly and of themselves acting together for one ultimate end — the good of the organic being, its development, preservation and propagation. Solids, liquids and gases, on the other hand are not organically constructed; there is a sameness throughout them. In a block of marble, one part in no way conspires with another towards the continuance in being of the entire block. All organic bodies, besides, have determined figures p roper to each, several species and bounded by curved lines, while inorganic bodies, crystals excepted, have no determined contour, and even crystals are bounded by merely straight lines. That there is, however, a degree of similarity between organic and inorganic bodies, cannot pass the notice of the Scholastic. Both, it is true, manifest chemical and physical phenomena; both are impenetrable and ponderable; both are capable of thermic, electrical and chemical effects. Owing to this very agreement between the organic and the inorganic, both classes of substances are named by him bodies, things material, visible and tangible. From what has been thus far said of these two classes, it is at once self evident that there is a vast disparity between them, and on this account he terms mere solids, liquids and gases, non- living bodies; plants, animals and men, living bodies. A further cause which induces him to discriminate between the organic and the inorganic, is the strikingly different modes of behavior in their various activities. For organic activity, such as growth and nourishment has the characteristics of spontaneity and imma- nence, whereas inorganic energy, as gravity and chemism, is marked by transition. In this latter case the influence or effect does not abide in the agent, but passes, as it were, from one, the agent, into another quite distinct, which is styled the recipient. Thus the earth attracts the moon and is in turn attracted by the moon, though neither of them can be said to attract itself. Again, the atoms of oxygen have a certain affinity for those of hydrogen, THE REDWOOD. 99 which is a cause of their chemical combination. The attraction here is not one of mass but of atom. In either case the appear- ance or phenomenon is transitive, since there is a transition or crossing over of the attractive influence from the body or atom which is attracted. This, however, does not happen with growth or nourishment, when not only the activity abides in the agent but that which is effected, as well. A man does not digest his food to nourish another, nor does a growing plant give life to another, but to itself. Hence it was that the Greeks, the most philosophical of peoples, had in their conjugation of verbs, a middle voice, as well as an active and a passive. Hence too, the common notion of a living being as a self moving being, one, namely, whose activity or motion comes to it not from another but from itself. A series of physicochemical processes then, no matter how complex they may be, would not, as lacking the characteristics of vitality, spontaneity and imminence, be considered by a Schol- astic, as vital processes. He believes with Du Bois Raymond that it is futile to try to bridge over the chasm between the living and the non-living; and with Berthelet, that ' ' chemistry can never pretend to produce a leaf, a fruit, a muscle or an organ. " For him, such activities as growth and nourishment are of a higher order than energies, as heat, electricity and chemistry, just as self-movement transcends a push or a pull, as life transcends death. The source of inorganic phenomena is for him, as a conse- quence, far lower than that of vital phenomena, and he himself is as sanguine of the results predicted by certain scientists and of their promise to invoke the lower grades of life from dead matter as he could be of the promise of a physicist to get water to rise higher than its own source. FPA.NCIS MORAGHAN, ' o [. T T?[fe c(o d, PUBI.ISHED MONTHI Y BY THE STUDENTS OF SaNTA CIvARA C0I.I EGE. The object of The Redwood is to record our College Doings, to give proof of College Industry and to knit closer together the hearts of the Boys of the Present and of the Past. EDITORIAL STAFF. Editor-in-Chief - - John M. Regan, ' 04 Business Manager - - - John W, Byrnes, ' 06 associate editors. Literary - - - V. Meri.e, l T Francis H. Moraghan, ' 04 C01.LEGE Notes - - - Edward ly. Kirk, ' 05 ATHI.ETICS - - - Edwin Comerford, ' 06 Ai UMNi John C01.1.1NS, ' 04 assistant BUSINESS MANAGERS. M. R. 0 ' Reii,i.y, ' 06 Baldo Ivancovich, ' 06 Angelo Quevedo, ' 05 Address all communications to The Redwood, Santa Clara College, California Terms of subscription, I1.50 a year; single copies, 15 cents. EDITORIALS. COLLEGE SPIRIT. There is such a thing as " national spirit, " there is " family- spirit, " there is the " spirit of the age, " and amongst students there needs must be a ' ' college spirit. " There must be some common link of sympathy among the many, who though of different char- acters and different educational prejudices, are thrown together in that peculiar condition known as college life. But because col- lege life varies aocording to circumstances, the spirit which should animate the students must of necessity vary. What may pass for THE REDWOOD. loi college spirit in one place may be opposed to the spirit of another institution. It is therefore necessary for every student to form a clear and definite idea as to the nature and characteristics of his col- lege spirit. It is not an airy nothingness that has been labelled with a name; it is something that is recognized in its effects, in its real substantial effects. So and so has the spirit because he is a good athlete. No such thing! He may have the spirit, but it is not merely because he is an athlete. Over and above the interest taken in those sports for which he feels himself adapted, he must encourage every other legitimate avocation among his fellow-students; not always posi- tively, by partaking in them himself, — for he may have no apti- tude — but at least negatively, by abstaining from what commonly goes under the name of " knocking. " A ' ' knocker ' ' be he an ath- lete, a member of the band, or a fine debater, has not, nor can he have the college spirit. His horizon is narrow, he encourages those things only which appeal to himself; and therefore selfish- ness and not college spirit animates his actions. The spirit must be broad, embracing everything that goes to make up college life, participating in everything, when this is possible, encouraging everything from lawn tennis to the study of Quarternians, from the football field to the editorial staff of the college paper. It is this spirit that makes college life agreeable, that makes the various undertakings of the students successful, and forms and moulds the college-bred man, leaving its impress upon his character that will not easily depart. BLASPnEMOUSI The popularity of cartoons and caricatures, the eagerness with which the general magazine reader turns over to these ludi- crous representations of current events, the skill and tact with which the cartoon artist wields his pencil are all indications that this peculiar form of criticism has come to stay. At all events the legitimacy of the modern cartoon cannot reasonably be called into question. We certainly do not question it. But there is a peculiar form or rather a flagrant abuse of what else is innocent enough, against which we raise our feeble voice in protest, with the hope I02 THE REDWOOD. that some more influential organ may take it up and remedy an evil which is growing monstrous day by day. We refer to the so- called comic section of the Sunday magazines published by the San Francisco daily papers. Not that all the pictures are object- ionable, " Alphonse and Gaston, " " Lulu and Leander " and some other comical scenes are both innocent and pleasing; but, to say nothing of the extravagant exhibitions of disrespect towards par- ents, when we turn over to the Scriptural scenes, the Mount Ara- rat and Garden of Eden absurdities now running through two of our San Francisco papers, we are forced to cry out with all the strength of our being. Blasphemous! Sacrilegious! Outrageous! If the modern mind is so low, so senseless, so unreverential as to seek the ridiculous in scenes at once sacred and Heaven-in- spired, then alas for twentieth century taste! If we are to seek the comical in scenes and events that for gravity and seriousness have no equals in the history of the world, where is our boasted intelligence and culture? But it is our opinion, that but few approve of these sacrileg- ious caricatures. The fault is that we are thoughtless. It was formerly the custom in family circles to read certain passages of the Holy Writ in a reverential spirit and the good custom still prevails in some households; but in many home circles the scene is changed. The father of the family takes his Sunday paper, gives the comical section to his children and while he is reading of wars and rumors of wars, they, the children, who should be learning their prayers are taught to laugh at scriptural events and person- ages. Every man of intelligence would condemn the abuse, if he reflected seriously enough, but that is the difiiculty: we do not reflect enough. " THE LAUNCHING OF A BEAUTIFUL SHIP. " An event of very great importance took place August 19, 1903, at the University of California. It has been described by Prof. Wilhelm Ostwald, who came all the way from Germany to deliver an address on the occasion, as " The launching of a beauti- ful ship. " " The keel has been laid with great care, " he said, ' slender and powerful the hull is made, and the engine and pro- THE REDWOOD. 103 peller are of the newest and best construction. Above all we know that the captain is a man who understands how surely and fearlessly to steer the ship over the high seas of science. If it were only a matter of discovering new lands, our ship might sail one course as well as another; it would only be a matter of time when the new land would be sighted. Only one thing is certain and that is that we do not know the land and therefore have no right to predict anything about it. " It was surely an interesting and important event and though the learned Professor is speaking of a metaphorical ship, of a metaphorical C2iyt2i n and of metaphorical seas, we cannot withhold our wonder that such things are going on right here in California without any remarkable attention being paid to them. The German scholar thinks that the naval venture is to result in a glorious success. " The most beautiful and the richest results are to be expected there, where the different sciences reach out to one another for mutual support. And therefore you can see why we have been able to predict for our ship a most happy journey. The direction which was found by means of observation from the highest standpoint to which I could attain, is the same which the steersman of the ship has already followed for many years. He needs only to steer the accustomed course, in order to reach the best for which one may hope, and it only remains for uS to wish him and his crew a ' happy journey. ' " The situation is very precarious at first sight; a beautiful ship in an unknown sea ! Clouds may gather, darkness may cover the deep, the distant thunder may roll, and worse than all the steers- man may lose his way ! It looks treacherous, but it is not so io reality. The keel laid with great care, the engine and propeller of the best construction, the captain fearless and sure, the crew hopeful and submissive all go to justify the prophetic prediction of a happy voyage. But what does it all mean? What is the literal interpretation of all these metaphors? It seems that a new laboratory of physi- ology has been dedicated at the University of California and this laboratory is to be used for biological research. In other words the students of the University are to be instructed in the various phenomena connected with the true ' ' biological problem, " they I04 THE REDWOOD. are to find or endeavor to find " a definite answer to the question, whether or not it is possible to make living matter out of dead matter. " If they cannot answer the question affirmatively, they will be told that, " in consequence of this fact Arrhenius assumes that living matter has eternally existed and has been carried through the universe from star to star, in the shape of extremely minute particles, such as spores, at or below the limit of microscopic visibility. " On the other hand they are warned ' ' not to be too hasty in assuming the impossibility of abiogenisis; that is in as- suming the impossibility of dead matter being converted into liv- ing matter. The study of biology is, without a doubt, a noble study, and for this reason we congratulate the students of Berkeley on their new laboratory; yet there are weak points in this, as in other branches of science to which we do not hesitate to call their atten- tion. When life is submitted to experimental research it may happen that because physical and chemical phenomena alone come into evidence, the psychical workings may be disregarded. To the study of life therefore, the student must bring two very fundamental principles: firsts that, as far as he has to do with matter and the functions of matter, laboratory work will be of advantage to him; secondly that when in his study he meets with phenomena that transcend the material order, he must have re- course to psychology, which, by the way, is as truly a science as biology, and " the most beautiful and richest results are to be ex- pected there, where the difiFerent sciences reach out to one another for mutual support. " We mention this, because there is a tendency among certain classes of men to seek explanations in the stars, for spiritual phe- nomena, though these same phenomena have already been classi- fied and explained in scientific and logical form. It is well for them, that they have recourse to the stars, for to put such theories within the reach of ordinary thinkers would cause not a little ad- verse comment. We wish moreover to remind the " crew " which is about to start in the beautiful " ship, " on the " high seas of science, " that if they imagine that the soul can be subjected to ex- perimental analysis, they are going to suffer shipwreck surer than day. We take a deep interest in the expedition and hope that THE REDWOOD. 105 this California ship may not be lost, as many a biological ship has been, in the haze of materialism and skepticism. We wish them a happy voyage and we feel confident that our wish will be realized if the steersman keeps in view the ever brilliant star of Divine Revelation. A NEW TEST OF LITER.ATUBE. The present writer once heard an English Professor ask his class the simple question: " What is Literature? " The answers were many and various, causing the Professor no little chagrin. But in all truth what is literature . A very str ange answer has been given by Mr. Arthur Machen, a non-Catholic literateur, in his book, Hieroglyphics and his answer has been commented on by the London Tablet. He gives " a new test — or rather a new expression of that old test — that separates literature from that mass of stuff that is not literature. " ' Literature, " he says, " is the ex- pression through the aesthetic medium of words, of the dogmas of the Catholic church, and that which in any way is out of harmony with those dogmas is not literature. " He explains: " literature cannot be immortal if it does not believe in immortality, nor above the flesh if it denies the spirit. Unless you have assimilated the final dogmas, the eternal truths, consciously if you please, but sub- consciously of necessity, you can never write literature, however clever or amusing you may be Catholic dogma is merely the witness, under a special symbolism, of the enduring facts of human nature and of the universe, telling that man is not a pro- duct of the Stock Exchange, but a soul before the source of souls. To make literature, it is necessary, to be, at all events, sub-con- sciously Catholic. " It is difficult to accept such a peculiar theory. Homer, Virgil, Horace, Pindar and many other writers of antiquity have made some very valuable contributions to literature and they were Cath- olics neither consciously nor sub-consciously. Still if we admit, what many able thinkers hold, that with the coming of Christ a new element had been added to literature, the assertion will seem less strange. An article on " Poetry and the Philosophy of Life, " in this number of the Rkdwood, touches on one phase of the question. Other aspects will be given in future numbers. io6 THE REDWOOD. COLLEGi: NOTES, XKe Senate. After two preliminary discussions, the Philalethic Senators entered into an animated debate on the question; " Resolved; That positive atheism should be punished with greater severity than highway robbery. " We shall give an abridged form of the ac- count as it appears in the Congressional Record for September i6th. The Philalethic Senate of Santa Clara College being in Com- mittee of the Whole, and having under consideration the bill (S. R. 15.) providing for the extirpation of atheism — Mr. MerIvK said: " Mr. President, the question that now rests in the scales of debate is neither new, nor yet without deep in- terest and deeper importance. The illustrious orator and states- man, Edmund Burke, raised the question in the English Parliment when he gave utterance to those memorable words; " These are the people " (meaning the atheists of his day) " against whom you ought to aim the shaft of the law; these are the men to whom, ar- rayed in the terrors of government I would say, you shall not de- grade us into brutes! They are never, never to be supported, never to be tolerated. Under the systematic attacks of these people, I see some of the props of good government already begin to fail. " If I am to classify the resolution, Mr. President, I place it without further thought among the sociological questions of the day; sociological because on the solution thereof depends the well being of every social system, be it the commonwealth in general, or the family in particular. But before attempting any regular argumentation, I ask that the resolution be read. Secretary reads: Resolved; That positive atheism should be punished with greater severity than highway robbery. Mr. Merle: At first thought, Mr. President, it may seem that we intend to introduce a bill into this house destructive of our much boasted Liberty of Conscience; it may seem that we are ad- vocating an order of things similar to religious persecution; it may seem, finally, that we wish to destroy freedom of thought on which Thos. F. Freney, Captain Footbali, Team. THE REDWOOD. 107 the twentieth century prides itself. Such, however, is not the case, as I shall endeavor to show. We are opposed to positive atheism, because it is an evil, whether considered in the individual or in its efifects on civil society. It is a civil evil and therefore should be punished by civil authority. Let me explain my posi- tion. The positive atheist is the man who deliberately denies the existence of God and who lives according to his disbelief, if I may thus speak. He therefore denies the existence of all social, moral and religious obligations, he asserts that man is his own end, his own centre, that he should live for himself, for the lust of the moment, and that no one can come between him and his desires. Hence atheism is the parent of anarchy, nihilism and communism, those savage beasts that covered France with a deluge of blood at the close of the eighteenth century, and that even in our own day show their hideous forms among peaceful nations. I need not tell you that the assassination of President McKinley was the result of atheistic ideas, for how can a man he opposed to civil government, if he submits to God ' s eternal rule? Thus you see that atheism is the root of the most criminal of all criminal offenses, but has it anything to do with crimes of a less terrible description? Most assuredly it has. Go to our state pen- itentiaries and ask the inmates the cause of their fall. Almost to a man they will answer that having lost the religion of their fath- ers, having stifled the voice of conscience, they saw no other pur- pose in life than criminal license. If these evils are not greater than those consequent on highway robbery, if highway robbery itself cannot in many cases be traced to an ignorance of God and his law, then I yield to the gentlemen on the negative side; but because these evils are greater and more heinous, I give my vote to the resolution under consideration and declare that for the above reasons it is my opinion that atheism should be punished with greater severity than highway robbery. Mr. Feeney: The gentleman has been unusually long in proving nothing but that atheism is an offense against God. This is saying a great deal, but can civil authority or rather should civil authority punish every such offense? Blasphemy, infidelity, heresy in whatever shape or form would come under the same io8 THE REDWOOD. heading. Let us leave the punishment of such crimes to the Infinite God who is outraged thereby. Or does the gentleman ad- vocate the intervention of the civil arm in all these cases? Mr. Meri,E: Mr. President, I most certainly do, when and wherever these crimes take the form of civil offenses. Mine are the sentiments of St. Louis, king of France, that every blasphemer in a Christian commonwealth should have his tongue pierced through and through. Mr. Kirk: May I ask the gentleman a question? The President: The Senator from Gilroy has the floor. Does he yield? Mr. Feeney: I yield, Mr. President. Mr. Kirk: I would like to ask the gentleman of the affirma- tive side, if he is aware of the fact that St. Louis was reprimanded by the then Pope for his excessive severity. Mr. Meri E: I am aware of the fact, Mr. President, but would like to state that the condition of affairs in France at the time explains the reprimand. France was not then a Christian nation in the true sense of the word. There were Huguenots and Albigenses and Waldenses enough to render the measure inadvis- able. Mr. Feeney: Very well, Mr. President. We have the opin- ion of the gentleman on this point and it is sufficiently clear to warrant refutation. If we are to punish atheism, we should also punish heresy. This is his position, if I understand him correctly. Mr. MERI.E: We should punish heresy under peculiar cir- cumstances, that is, when it is a menace to the welfare of the state. Mr. Feeney: Precisely; just as was the case during the in- quisition. Now Mr. President, I do not think that it is difficult to show that such punishment is a violation of the most sacred rights of man, a violation of his freedom of conscience and of his personal liberty of thought. When our civil tribunals leave the outer man- ifestations of guilt and go into the thoughts of men, they are on very dangerous ground. Look over the history of the human race at least during the Christian era. Nero punished the Christians because they did not think the same things as he did, the French slaughtered the Huguenots because the latter were of another reli- gious persuasion. Henry VIII and Elizabeth, hanged disem- THE REDWOOD. 109 bowelled and quartered thousands of their subjects merely because they were Catholics. Mary, " Bloody Mary, " as she is called, burnt her Protestant subjects at the stake and so on through his- tory. The Inquisition of Spain, the Penal Laws of England, the Association bill of France with all their injustices and cruelties are but products of the system advocated by my opponents. If the gentleman on the affirmative side are willing to subscribe to all these atrocities, they may urge their point; but if on the other hand they disapprove of religious persecution — and I believe they do — then let them consider how far removed their own position is from that of the tyrants above named, who have been a disgrace to humanity, a disgrace to Christianity, a disgrace to the nations over which they ruled. (Applause on negative side) Mr. Ivancovich: Mr. President, I do not for a moment imag- ine that the gentleman who has just regaled us with historic commonplaces is in earnest. Mr. Fkenky: But the gentleman is in earnest none the less, Mr. President. Mr. Ivancovich: So much the worse for the gentleman, (laughter) After a clear exposition of the meaning of positive atheism he has gone on for several minutes refuting a position of his own making, which is a very easy thing to do. Do we wish to introduce a system of religious persecution? Not at all. We wish to punish men who on account of their irreligion are a me- nace or positive danger to the state, men who deny the existence of moraUty and attempt to spread their pernicious doctrines and inoculate others, men to whom anarchy and a hundred similar crimes must be attributed, as has been shown by the first speaker. Hence the historical examples cited with so much grace and elo- quence, have no bearing on our case. Nero persecuted Christians because they were virtuous and refused to bend the knee before his senseless gods; the Huguenots were executed at the instigation of a member of their own sect, Catherine de Medici, and not for their religious tenets but for crimes against the state, such as the assassination of Guise and the attempt against the life of the young king. Henry VIII persecuted Catholics because they refused to acknowledge him, brutal and lecherous monster that he was, head of Christ ' s Immaculate Church. Elizabeth hanged, disembowelled no THE REDWOOD. and quartered because, like her father, she wished to extirpate a community that in all justice could lay claim to more than half the wealth of her ministers and lords. Wealth that had been confis- cated by the shedding of blood, had to be retained by the same in- human process. " Bloody Mary, " so called, bur nt a number of political agitators, who sought to snatch the sceptre from her hand and place a fanatic imposter on the throne in her stead. These examples therefore have no bearing on the case. We certainly do not wish to introduce any Neroism into the commonwealth, we do not wish to confiscate, burn, destroy as Henry and his illegitimate daughter Elizabeth did, we do not wish even to establish a tribunal such as that of Queen Mary, for we think that in some cases she was severer on the English robbers, whom she found about her on ascending the throne, than we would approve of at the present day in the case, for instance, of our postofiice swindlers. Our position is different as has been explained. But let me come to the inquisition, which seems more to the point. As I understand it, the Spanish inquisition was a civil tri- bunal established for the punishment of civil offenses. Among these civil offenses, heresy had a prominent place and many here- tics or Protestants, as they are sometimes called, were executed and tortured in frightful and horrible ways. The Albigenses and Waldenses met with little or no mercy when they were once in the hands of Inquisitors. I do not intend to give a detailed de- fense of this much abused tribunal, but because there is a similar- ity between our position and that of the inquisition, as suggested by the former speaker, I wish to defend the one in as much as it resembles the other. The inquisition punished heresy; we wish to punish atheism. The reasons in both cases are identical. What heresy was in those Catholic times, atheism is now, a menace to the state, a danger to the individual members of the state, an enemy to peace and union and stability. One only has to study up the history of the Waldenses to understand the vicious char- acter of their principles, and to understand how low human nature can descend when left to enjoy full license in crime. Senators Leonard, McClatchy, O ' Reilly, Regan, Moraghan and Byrnes entered into the discussion, but our {account is already too long. THE REDWOOD. iii Junior Dramatic Society. Enthusiastic debates are the rule at the weekly meetings of the Junior Dramatics. Live questions are proposed for discussion, and the young speakers enter into the spirit of the occasion with an energy and eloquence which promises well for their future suc- cess. Perhaps the most interesting and certainly the most ani- mated debate since the opening of schools, took place September 23rd. the subject being " whether or not boys under thirteen years of age should be received into Jesuit boarding colleges. " Many were the reasons advanced by the affirmative speakers why boys under the desired age should be educated at home or in prepara- tory day-schools, but strong as their arguments appeared, they were all but refuted by those put forward by their opponents. ' Why, " exclaimed Mr. Eugene Ivancovich, " should little fel- lows of ten and eleven be torn away from the sacred environ- ments of home and mother? Why should these tender plants be taken from the nursery long before they are prepared for the cold and killing frosts of the outer garden? The Catholic home is the proper place for the formation of character in children of such an age, or if they must attend a school, let it be one that may work hand in hand with the parents such as our parochial schools. On no condition, Mr. President, should a boy of ten or twelve be sent far away from home to a boarding college, " " But, Mr. President, " responded Mr. Carew, " are we then to deprive a boy, in his most impressionable years, of that solid intel- lectual and religious training which a Jesuit boarding college affords? Because he lacks a few months or even a year or two of being thirteen years of age, is he to be forbidden entrance into an institution which offers so many advantages to him? Besides, sir, who has empowered the honorable gentleman to place the limit at thirteen? " The debate was a warm one from start to finish, and it was difficult to decide to whom the victory belonged. Messrs. Milton, Moraghan, Brown, McFadden, Fisher, all of whom spoke at con- siderable length, are deserving of special mention. 112 THE REDWOOD. Trip to Mt Hamilton. Rising at 4 o ' clock a. m. was an unusual thing for some of us, but the anticipated trip to Mt. Hamilton dispelled all drowsiness, and a number of Juniors and Seniors rolled out of their cosy beds to prepare for the journey. The preparations were simple. Mass, breakfast and arrangements for lunch on the way, so that in about an hour Messrs W. V. Regan, J. M.Regan, F. H. Moraghan, J. Col- lins, M. V. Merle, W. T. Blow, Joe Curley and Rev. Father Ricard were ready to start. The chartered buss was in waiting. With a cheer and a crack of the driver ' s whip the leaders swung to their places, the wheelers were off, and we were on our trip. John M. Regan ' s partiality for watermelons caused a halt at San Jose, and a half a dozen of the green ovals were placed be- neath the seat of the buss. That was the first stop. The second occurred about 9 o ' clock, when it was deemed necessary to change horses and to have some light refreshments, for such was our anxiety to start early that we had taken a hasty breakfast and our appetites were now keen. It was not until 12 m. that we enjoyed a real repast, after which, at 2 p. m, with increased strength and fresh horses, we started to climb the mountain. Slowly but surely we approached the summit and our eagerness to see the world- famed observatory increased with every mile. Nor were we fated to see it merely. One of the professors took special interest in our party and explained the various instruments and their use. The telescope with its wonderful adjustments, the sidereal clock, the seismometers, and a dozen other delicate contrivances were at our command. But it was not until the sun had set and Jupiter and Saturn put in an appearance that we really enjoyed the visit in its fullness. W. T. Blow said he ' d willingly walk to the top of the Mountain to get a view of those wonderful planets, and Wm. Re- gan was so astonished at beholding the " cluster of Hercules " that he determined forthwith to begin an advanced course in astronomy. It was a glorious treat to gaze out on the heavens through the best telescope in the world. We appreciated it and shall never forget the kindness of the professors in charge. The home-coming was less arduous and we arrived at the college on Sunday morning at just 2 oclock, feeling better for the trip and thankful to good Fr. Ricard who accompanied us. THE REDWOOD. 113 THe Ne w Wing. We have noted with great pleasure the rapid growth of the new wing. It is now nearly completed and ready for use. The two dormitories, the adjacent lavatories, the class rooms and in- firmary section are all thoroughly modern and up to date, the light, heating and ventilation being all that one could desire. The increasing number of students rendered the wing a necessity and if the number goes on increasing as it is at present, another wing will be imperative. Visit of St. Ignatius Sanctuary Society. On September 9th we had the great pleasure of welcoming the Sanctuary boys of St. Ignatius church, San Francisco. They were not great baseball players, as their match with our second division team proved, but a more gentlemanly crowd of youngsters never paid us a visit. Mr. Laherty should feel proud of his boys, and we would like to see them around more frequently. Visit of tKe Rev. FatHer VaugHan. On September ist the students of Santa Clara College had the great pleasure of listening to the Rev. Kenelm Vaughan ' s unctious address on the Blessed Sacrament. We were agreeably surprised after the chapel services to learn that the eloquent but unpreten- tious speaker was a brother of the late Cardinal Herbert Vaughan. He would not speak of himself, when the Redwood correspond- ent waited on him that morning, but was kind enough to give some particulars about his family, one of the most remarkable Catholic families in the history of the Church. Of twelve children ten devotod their lives to the service of God. Four daughters be- came religious and six of the eight sons received Holy Orders. Their names are well known throughout the Catholic world. Her- bert, the late Cardinal of Westminister, Roger, the late Archbis- hop of Sidney, Jerome, Prior and Founder of the Benedictine Abbey in Scotland, John, the Rt. Rev. Monsignor, Bernard, the famous Jesuit and author, and Kenelm, who is now in California, have all contributed their share towards the promotion and spread of Catholicity throughout the world. 114 THE REDWOOD. AULD LANG SYNE. The old Santa Clara boys will be grieved to hear of Professor James R. Lawrie ' s death. For full fifty years he taught music at the college and endeared himself to everyone with whom he had to deal. An old pioneer professor he out-lived all his early com- panions and remained in active duties at the college until old age and weakness forced him to retire to his residence in San Francis- co, where he died, aged 77 years, on the twelvth day of Septem- ber. The characteristics of this good man were gentleness and serenity of mind. Amid a number of financial difficulties, notably his heavy losses in the Consolidated Virginia stock company, he remained calm and peaceful. His life was well spent and laborious and his death tranquil and quiet. May he rest in peace. Admission Day brought several of the ' ' old boys " into promi- nence, lyouis F. Byington, ' 84, the present District Attorney of San Francisco, and Past Grand President of the N. S. G. W., was one of the orators in San Jose. He paid a glowing tribute to the pioneer founders of the Golden West, was listened to with atten- tion by the immense crowd and ended amid enthusiastic applause. While the people of San Jose was thus cheering for lyouis F. By- ington, the Southerners were equally delighted by the eloquence of ex-Senator R. De Valle ' 73, the Orator of the Day at San Bernardino. W alter De Martini, ' 92, a young but prominent attorney has been elected Secretary of the Democratic Convention of San Fran- cisco. Mr. De Martini is among our new subscribers, which goes to show that politics have no power to stifle his love for Alma Mater. Congratulations, Walter. Talking about subscriptions; they are coming in from all quar- ters. The " old boys " recognize a good thing when they see it and are anxious to " push it along. " We expect to hear from some few others this coming month. Don ' t be the only negligent one. Mr. A. R. Drathman, S. J., a former Santa Clara professor, spent a few days with us last month. He is said to have come down from the city to arrange some details for our wireless tele- graphy experiments. Father Drathman ' s scientific ability is well THE REDWOOD. 115 known at Santa Clara and with such a man on the San Francisco end of the line, and Father Bell at Santa Clara, no wonder the ex- periments are successful. News comes to us all the way from Mo ntreal, that Mr. T. E. Hogan, our last year ' s athletic director, has reached his destination safely. He is completing his higher studies in the Jesuit College of that city and needless to say, we wish him well. In the same city Mr. Maurice J. Joy, also an old Santa Clara professor, has en- tered upon the concluding year of his theological course. Oscar Eberhard, Junior, ' 03, called at the college to bid fare- well to his comrades and professors. Oscar is going to Friburg for a special course in chemistry. We hope to hear from you, Oscar. Among the recent visitors were J. J. Barrett, ' 91, Wm. Humphrey, ' 92, Valentine S. McClatchy, ' 77, Father Thomas O ' Council, ' 92, Sturi Gohranson, Ben Healy, Oscar Kron, D. H. Bibb, James I eonard. ii6 THE REDWOOD. IN THE LIBRARY. THE GR.EAT ENCYCLICAL LETTERS OF POPE LEO XIIL TRANSI ATKD FROM APPROVED SOURCES. WITH PREFACE BY REV. JOHN J. WYNNE, S .J. — BENZIGER BROS., NEW YORK, $2.00. No better memorial of the late Pontiff, Leo. XIII, could be offered to the public than the present encyclicles. They not only give us a clear insight into his character, but they tell as nothing else can, the history of the great Pontiff ' s reign, the principles which animated him and the noble purposes to which he devoted his life. But it is not for this alone that the present volume is welcome. It contains the teachings of Leo XIII on the various problems which confronted men of genius during the later half of the nineteenth century, teachings that are founded on the soundest principles of reason and revelation, and presented with a clearness and force that baffles comparison. In the present vol- ume special care has been taken to select all such letters as are characteristic of Leo. " Taken together, " says Father Wynne in his preface, " they express his sentiments on the chief questions of a time which, owing to his great influence in civil as well as in ecclesiastical matters is really an epoch in the history of men. His influence on scientific studies alone is sufficient proof of this. Never was science so arrogant as when Leo XIII began to recom- mend to Catholics the study of sound philosophy. Twenty-five years ago scientists everywhere were proclaiming oracularly, like Tyndall and Huxley among the English speaking nations, the victory of science over religion, when Leo declared that there could be no question of victory where there was no conflict, and that only men who were ignorant of the true nature of religion and science could consider them mutually antagonistic. If to-day a Brunetiere without fear of contradiction can declare science bankrupt, it is in a great measure because Leo ' s Encyclical on the Study of St. Thomas and Scholastic Philosophy inspired Catholic and through their influence non-Catholic scientists as well, to study THE REDWOOD. 117 both theology and science more ardently, systematically, and con- servatively, and with such success in reconciling their apparent disagreements, that the best scientists of our day recognize how each is but a study from a different aspect of the same great First Cause and its effects, and that each must necessarily, therefore, be in accord with the other. lyord Kelvin ' s words, ' Science positively affirms Creative Power, ' and his further assertion, ' If you think strong enough you will be forced by science to the belief in God which is the foundation of all religion; you will find science not antagonistic but helpful to religion, ' are but a re-echo of I eo ' s utterances a quarter of a century ago. A perusal of the Letters contained in this volume will satisfy the reader that in other spheres as well as in that of science, in education, sociology and statesman- ship, the late Pontiff by adapting himself to his age and studying carefully its needs and possibilities, has so far influenced its thought and tendencies and so plainly altered its current of events, as to have opened a new era in its history. " The reader will moreover find that whatever may be said of the concilatory spirit of Leo XIII, he was not by any means a " liberal " pope, as has been asserted by some who, looking upon the wonderful effects produced by the great Pontiff attribute them to liberality, the only possible cause they can imagine. There is no such thing as a " Liberal Catholic, " much less a Liberal Pope. Leo XIII combatted error on all sides unsparingly and unceasinly and he exhorted all Christians to do likewise. " To recoil from an enemy, " he writes, " or to keep silence when from all sides such clamors are raised against truth, is the part of a man either devoid of character or who entertains doubt as to what he professes to believe. In both cases such mode of be- having is base and is insulting to God, and both are incompatible with the salvation of mankind. This kind of conduct is profit- able only to the enemies of the faith, for nothing emboldens the wicked so greatly as the lack of courage on the part of the good. Moreover, want of vigor on the part of Christians is so much the more blameworthy as not seldom little would be needed on their part to bring to naught false charges and refute erroneous opinions; and always by exerting themselves more strenuously they might reckon on being successful. " ii8 THE REDWOOD. But the wisdom of Leo manifests itself principally in those letters which treat of social problems; of the family, liberty, social- ism, the diflSculties existing between Labor and Capital. Theorists may talk on these questions, but Leo XIII with an unselfish heart, without passion, personal interest or prejudice has solved them. When we follow his counsels the world will enjoy a peace that is superhuman because his counsels are superhuman. OUT WEST. THK WORK OF THE SEQUOYA I.EAGUE. A particularly brilliant article on " The Moqui Investigation " appears in the September number of our typically western ' Out West. " The article is from the pen of Charles F. Lummis and, as every contribution from the same source, it is full of common sense and has a harmony and force of style characteristic of Cali- fornia ' s most gifted son. The investigation has brought to light the fact that " the rules of the Indian service have been repeatedly and flagrantly violated in the matter of physical punishment, " and that the Moqui Indians have been unjustly treated in many other ways. To the Sequoya League, an organization founded for the purpose of making better Indians, the beginning and success of the investigation is due and to Chas. F. Lummis its chairman, the League owes half if not all its success. He is not an honorary chairman, but an active worker for the betterment of the Indians. SIDELIGHTS IM SAN JOSE MERCUR.Y. We venture to suppose that the " Sidelights, " appearing from time to time in the San Jose Mercury under the name of P. H. MacEnery are not sufiiciently appeciated, and in justice to the able thinker and fluent writer, we wish to call our reader ' s atten- tion to this column of wisdom worthy of a place in the literature of California. We have before us the Mercury of September 15th in which the gifted scholar discusses contemporary poetry. Con- fining his remarks to San Joseans " who woo the muse with very signal success, " he thus speaks of Allen Brandt: " He writes too rarely. THE REDWOOD. 119 but always sweetly, tenderly and forcibly. The first great char- acteristic of his poetry is undoubtedly the essential elemental quality of its humanity. The stuff of it — the texture of its fabric which the sure and intricate shuttle is weaving — is always some- thing in which the human being is vitally, not merely aesthetically interested. It deals with no shadows, and indeed with few abstractions except those which form a part of vital problems. " In speaking of a San Jose lady poet, Mrs. Julia Schultze, he says: Some of the lines for stately and compulsive rhythm, sonor- ous harmony and sweetly solemn cadences, phrases too which are not lacking in the mechanism of meter to give them high rank as verse, can bear favorable comparison with poetry which we seek for in any source. Her work has the true lyric ring, that sponta- niety of thought and expression which comes when the singer forgets herself in her song and becomes tuneful under the stress of the moment ' s inspiration. There is a certain lofty quality about her verse which makes it pleasing to read, and even when she dwells on the pathetic, the solemnity of the occasion or of the feelings inspired does not oppress. " It is well for San Jose to have such a worthy critic. He un- derstands his business. With him, thoughts of vital interests and expressions of sonorous harmony count more than the jingle of words under which there is no thought. EXCHANGES. We are already sending the second number of the Redwood, to the press, and many of our eastern exchanges are but beginning to shake off the long sleep of vacation. Under these circumstances one would naturally think that time hangs heavily on the ex-man; but this is a mistake. In fact such ought never be the case. There is material for thought at all times and under all circum- stances. We shall, therefore, instead of pointing out the beauties or the faults of this or that magazine, devote a few lines to the consideration of the college paper in general. A college paper should, in our opinion, reflect the spirit of the students. Just as literary style to be worthy of the name, must I20 THE REDWOOD. identify itself with the man who writes so that, as the rhetorician says, " the vigor of his will, the earnestness of his convictions, the grace of his fancies live again in a manner of expression that would be natural to no one else, " so must the college paper ex- press the personality, so to speak, of the college. Interest in ath- letics, diligence in studies, appreciations of the various branches taught should be visible in every article. So too in the various departments of editorial comment, of book criticism, of college notes, the principles for judging men and deeds, should assert themselves just in that form in which they are given by the pro- fessors and teachers. Hence we consider a college magazine incomplete that does not devote a definite amount of space to athletics, for athletics form part of college life and cannot be disregarded in an organ that should reflect that life. We consider the magazine incom- plete that does not manifest an interest in current events showing how the student editors are taught to philosophize on contempo- rary history. We consider that magazine incomplete that does not chronicle college doings. And finally we consider a college paper very incomplete if it does not give some indications of the various branches of study persued by the students. Classics, Latin and Greek, literature, science, philosophy and religion, if the col- lege is religious, should receive special attention. A college magazine should possess a certain degree of liter- ary merit. It should not be a substitution for the waste basket. On this point, however, many grave errors are committed. The productions of students cannot possess all the marks of classical English. If the poems are a bit crude at times, if the stories fail in one or two points and the essays possess not all the harmony of Addison and Steel, no reas onable man can object provided that the beginnings are there. These beginnings are thought and original presentations of thought, well-balanced sentences and distinctly limited paragraphs. In the best attempts we may discern at times thoughts and modes of expression worthy of a higher sphere, but for the most part the articles will be recognizable as early produc- tions of future writers. Though too much should not be demanded there is no excuse for those who fill thirty or more pages with trash, with several stories and two or three samples of bad verse. THE REDWOOD. 121 Better to die outright than to struggle through a year or two of illiterate existence. A college magazine should be serious in tone. The ' local joshes, " as they are called, the ludricrous headings, representing a jack-ass bellowing fiercely above some stray college notes, or else a clownish student spilling his ink over the library table should be eschewed. Neatness of get-up in page forms and in cover add not a little to the serious character of the paper. When one sees a college magazine tastily arranged he is immediately re- minded of the systematic training of the students. These are some of the characteristic marks of the good college paper. Many more might be suggested but of the others we shall speak in detail later on when dealing with our exchanges in parti- cular. Enough has here been said to manifest our ideals and we shall have many occasions to refer to these remarks as time goes on. 122 THE REDWOOD. ATHLETICS. For the past few weeks the college gridiron has been a scene of busy life. The football motto " Work hard, and play low and fast, " has been adopted universally. The struggle for posi- tions on the first team has even increased in earnestness and each player is exerting all his energy in the hope that he may be one of the fortunate eleven. Then too, there are the substitute positions to be filled which are causing no little emulation among the less ambitious. Some splendid material has developed during the past month which has been materially strengthened by the addition of several new players of experience. Great as was the team of 1902 the team of 1903, from the present outlook promises to equal and per- haps surpass it. It is with regret that we here mention the forced withdrawal from the game of William Regan who so successfully captained last year ' s team. He had not been very well for some weeks past and lately his physician has ordered rest and quiet. Billy ' s absence will be keenly felt by the team, for he was to act as cap- tain again this season. Besides being a great player himself he had splendid control over his men and inspired them with some of his own unlimited quantity of ' ginger. " In his stead Thomas Feeney has been elected captain. He will make a conscientious and just leader in whom the team can place every confidence. Among the new material are Wm. Magee, John McBlroy, Thomas Barr and Louis Hubbard. Wm. Magee ' s fame as a foot- ball player is already known throughout the state. Sure, consci- entious and steady himself, he will hold the team together and lead us to many victories. Mr. McElroy is a new arrival to the college hav- ing come from the University of Nevada, where for two years he played the Varsity team. He is a heavy and reliable player, a steady line holder and a fast man on kicks, his presence is a strong addition to the team. Thos. Barr, who attended Santa Clara College two years ago and played on the team of ' 01, has returned and will again have an opportunity to tread the paths of glory. In prac- THE REDWOOD. 123 tice he has shown himself to be a willing player, a good tackier and always in the push. " Louis Hubbard, who distinguished himself as a center in the game with Stanford Varsity has returned to don the moleskin. From such a football squad it is safe to say that old Santa Clara will be able to put forth a team that will make California schools worry a bit. Manager Farry has not been idle in the meanwhile. Games have been secured with all the teams possible and next month we shall have some victories to record. Jxinior Eleven vs. Hoitt ' s Academy. California is not frequently visited by such warm weather as that of September 9th. The thermometer registered something above 95 degrees when at 2:30 P. M. the youngsters of second division clad in moleskin and canvas hurried down to the gridiron under the command of John M. Regan to face eleven sturdy youngsters from Hoitt ' s Academy. Sturdy they were, but not to do them injustice, not a bit heavier than our youths. In fact a more evenly matched team in weight and age never appeared on the college gridiron. Somewhere in the neighborhood of 3 o ' clock the whistle blew and the game was on. It was our kick-off and as the ball traced a neat parabola through the air, every one of the students rose to his feet with an anxiously throbbing heart. In a moment the youngster from Menlo who caught the oval was down and the real tussle began. ' ' First down, five! " came clear and loud from Jedd McClatchy, the fearless referee, " Second down, two! " a moment later, and we thought it would be an easy victory for Hoitt ' s. The signal was given for a second buck, there was a huddling together, a terrible display of energy on either side and " Third down, eight! " told the tale. Hoitt ' s had been pushed back and were forced to kick. Their punt was good and Spridgen who gained possession of the ball was captured after a five-yard gain. The ball was now in the center of the field and in our possession. One, two, three and we had gained the required five yards, but 124 THE REDWOOD. unfortunately we lost our best man George Araneta, who was slightly injured in one of his tremendous bucks and forced to re- tire. With George out we thought there would be some difference but our youngsters rallied and marched constantly down the field. James Brazell hurried the march by three big gains of ten, eight and six yards and John Regan put the finishing stroke to the good work by a five-y.ard buck through the opponent ' s line and placed the ball gently behind the goal for the first touch-down. The kick was not well directed and so after five minutes play the score stood 5 to o in our favor. It was now their turn to kick off to us. They did so, we urged the ball forward for several yards and lost it on downs for the first and only time during the first half. Without much ado Hoitt ' s thought a punt advisable, but Spridgen tearing through the line blocked the kick and secured the ball almost on the center line. A series of bucks and end runs brought the surge of battle goal- wards, John Regan, Brazell, Ramos, Fisher, Jones and Eddie Hal- linan gaining at least three yards every time they were entrusted with the ball. Ramos was the lucky man and with a big end run increased the score by five points, lo to o, for we missed the goal and the fight began again. It was the same story; constant gains relieved by a fumble, a bunt and a twelve yard run by Fisher. We were in the goal district when time was called and the first half ended with the ball on the lo yard line. The second half was more exciting. We fumbled the ball on their kick-off, but forced them to punt on third down. Beginning all over again from the 25-yard line was no fun, but we went for- ward for several downs and lost the ball. Hoitt ' s tried to gain but could not. They kicked and again we brought the ball back. It was slow work however and to avoid excessive work Brazell punted and Araneta who had returned to the struggle tackled his man as soon as he caught the ball. It was at this juncture that our opponents succeeded in holding their right to the pigskin for more than three downs, but not very many more. The sixth at- tempt ended their success and we secured the ball and worked our way across the line for a third touch-down. This time we kicked the goal and made the story of the game read S. C. C 16, Hoitt ' s o. THE REDWOOD. 125 THe Tennis Club. The re-organization of the Tennis Club was held last month, and the old members at once proceeded to elect officers for the present semester, with the following results: President, Francis Moraghan; Secretary, Joseph Curley; Treasurer, Vincent Durfee; Censor, Harold O ' Connor. After the installation of officers, John Regan, the retiring President, to whom much of the club ' s success is due, announced that on account of his duties as editor of the Redwood, and the increase of class work, he was compelled to resign from the club. His resignation was regretfully accepted and he was immediately made an honorary member of the body. Martin V. Merle was also given the same honor. The vacancies in membership were very soon filled, and the redoubtable Treasurer Durfee made a very successful tour in col- lecting initiation fees and dues from the new members. They are Conrad Jensen, Ralph Harrison, Dandridge Bibb, Robert Durie and Placerville ' s famous racket-wielder, Fred Sigwart. 126 THE REDWOOD FIRST HONORS, AUGUST, 1903, BRANCHES SENIOR JUNIOCt Ethics J. Regan Mental Philosophy J. Cuenco, J. Riordan Natural Philosophy J. Regan, T. Feeney L. Hicks Chemistry F. Moraghan, J. Regan L. Hicks , Mathematics J. Regan H. Budde, R. Harrison Higher English T. Feeney Jedd McClatchy, E. Kirk SOPHOMORE FRESHMAN Religion G. Araneta E. Ivancovich English Precepts R. Fitzgerald P. Lavin English Author R. Fitzgerald G. Beaumont, G. Fisher English Composition Martin V. Merle G. Beaumont Elocution G. Beaumont Latin H. Budde E. Ivancovich Greek H. Budde E. Ivancovich Mathematics W. Blow J. Brin, G. Hall, E. McFadden . Ist ACADEMIC 2nd ACADEMIC Religion J. Brin J. Bach, J. Brazell, J. Shea English Precepts H. de la Guardia J. Bach English Author R. O ' Connor English Composition H. de la Guardia J. Shea History Geography J. Bach, J. Brazell Civil Government J. Bach Elocution C. Smith A. Zarcone Latin H. de la Guardia H. Lyng Greek H. de la Guardia A. Zarcone Mathematics J. Bach A. Bunsow 3rd ACADEMIC 4th ACADEMIC Religion P. Wilcox C. Olivares, M. Shafer English Precepts T. Riordan A. Bunsow English Author W. Donnelly A. Bunsow, M. Shafer English Composition B. Bradbury, B. Budde M. Shafer History Geography P. Wilcox C. Olivares Civil Government B. Budde, W. Shadburne Elocution J. Daly J. Leibert Orthography A. Bunsow Latin E de la Guardia A. Bunsow, W. Donnelly Greek E. de la Guardia Mathematics C. Nino A. Arias THE REDWOOD 127 Pre-Academic Classes. 1st 2nd Religion W. Walsh Aloysius Diepenbrock . English Precepts B. Dean ly. Ruth English Author J. Auzerais, M. Perry, W. Walsh English Composition C. Fortune h. Ruth History Geography W. Walsh L. Ruth Elocution A. Donovan L. Ruth Orthography L. Bowie L. Rut h Commercial Course. 1st BOOK-KEEPING 2nd BOOK-KEEPING B. Ivancovich J Brin SPECIAL CLASSES. 1st SPECIAL 2nd SPECIAL 3rd SPECIAL Latin R. Fitzgerald J. Comerford G. Hall Greek R. Fitzgerald J. Brin R. O ' Connor THE REDWOOD r =zJr=Jr=:Jr=Jr=Jr=Jr==Jr= r= r=£ }i=Jn=Jr=z r=3r=Jr=Jr==ur== , EAST If going East secure choice of Routes, of limited trains and jjl tourist excursions by calling on nearest agent i E SoutKern Pacific PAUL SHOUP, D. F. P. A., San Jose E. O. Mccormick, Passenger Traffic Manager, San Francisco T. H. GOODMAN, General Passenger Agent, San Francisco. y P==il=Jr=Jr= r=Jr=Jr=zJr==Jr= r =Jr=Jr =Jrz==Jr=Jr=Jr=Jr=Jr= THE REDWOOD mmmfmmmmm4 i m mt A4 Ammmmi Tor Up to Date Clotbes for Voutid Itleti go to PAUSON CO. 200 Kearney Street WORI D BEATERS FOR OVERCOATS J. Q. ROBINSON PHARMACIST Pierce Block Santa Clara, Cal. Picture F ramirig Of Every Description GALLAGHKR BROS 27 GRANT AVENUE SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. WM. FLEURY Undertaker and Tuneral Director Everything requisite for funerals at the most reasonable terms. Telephone Clay 301 967 Washington Street Santa Clara, Cal. Phone Bxchange 31 Phones in all Rooms; Private Exchange J. TURONNl T, Prop LAMOLLE HOUSE Only First Class French Hotel and Restaurant on the Coast. Furopean Flan. Cor. Santa Clara and San Pedro Streets SANTA CI,ARA, CAI, mwwmwwwwwwwmwwwwmwwwwwwm Telephone Main 5327 THE REDWOOD elllgUieiigB Desisrning IM Illustratins: mm. Brown Engraving 0o. Iialf = Cone Engravers Zinc Etchings 417 Montgomery Street SAN FRANCISCO. CAL J1. Zellerbacb Sons Importers and Dealers in Paper, Cwines and Cordage Telephone, Private Exchange 14 416-436 Sansome Street, San Francisco SHEET MUSIC We have the largest and finest stock on the Pacific Coast. When in need of Music, why not order from us? SMALL GOODS Everything in the music line, Guitars, Banjos, Mandolins, Boston " 3 " Star Cornet, Brass Instruments, Strings, Etc. CURTAZ PIANO Our own manufacture — 50 years on the market. A thor- oughly well-made reliable piano at a reasonable price. Also sole agents for Chickering, Mason Hamlin, Vose, Sterling and other pianos, and Apollo Master Player. BEN J, CURTAZ Sc SON 16, 18, 20 O ' FARRELL ST., CURTAZ BUILDING, S. F. BRANCHES— San Jose, Fresno, Alameda, Stockton Palo Alto. mmmmmw THE REDWOOD 2 Cable Address, " APPLETON. " ABC Code. Telephone Front 76 HOOPER St JENNINGS CO. INCORPOICATED Successor to Thomas Jennings Importers and Wholesale Grocers Dealers in Butter, Provisions Dried Frxiits, Etc. 213-215 Front St., Cor. Halleck, between California and Sacramento Sts. SAN FRANCISCO CAI,. 1 THE REDWOOD SPORTING GOODS Football Supplies Send for Catalog GLABROUGH, GGLGHER GO 538 MARKET San Francisco O ' BRIEN SPOTORNO Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Poultry and Gannet Butten Cheese and £99$ stalls 3, 4, 5, 6, 37, 38, and 39 California Market Private Exchange 515 California Street Entrance, San Francisco, Cal. l: „,. ;Li - If yott do not wish to be tempted to nse hard words, like this man, send your work to the Enterprise Laundry Co. I© SANTA CIVARA Telephone Grant 96 Res. Clay 165 THE REDWOOD IliilllilllJllllhiiiOillllirllllJlJlnrillJlLliiMllllLliMilllklmAniiAMiMlJllllMiri lIllii.mlllllin MllilUlinillUlllMiillilL lliiUlhiA Voungs Wen ' s Turnishings JInd the new Talt Styles in Uickwaar, lyoskr and 6loues Youngs Wen ' s Suits and B ts How on Exhibition at O ' BRIBN ' S SANTA ClyARA, CAI,. WM. F. BRACHKR Dealer in Bicycles and Cycle Sundries Pierce, California and Hudson Bicycles Repairing a Specialty looo to 1004 Franklin Street, Santa Clara SAN JOSE SANITARIUM 3SJS!iSISB .SX SISTERS OF CHARITY Race and San Carlos Streets SAN JOSK, CAL J. F. STEPHENSON R. K. KENNEDY, Yon trade here you save money liere Stephenson Drug Company Telephone, Main 221 Porter Building, San Jose, Cal. H. E. WILCOX D. M. BURNETT ATTORNEYS AT LAW Rooms 19 and 20, Safe Deposit Building l i i i i ii f i i i i il |f iinii ipii i i ilfiii i ii il|p iin i i |fi i i i ' l fiii i ilipiii i i lf| iii i il | fii ii i l |fiiiiii rf iii ' M San Jose, Cal. W iiiifiiiiiiifiii ' iiilffiiiiiiiifiiiiiiifiiiiiiifiiiiinp THE REDWOOD 127 ulil lliUln.iilUll) llllLh.i.llJlllhmlllJL illllliMMllllllhHillllljMmllllllhM.ldilllMMllilllliMilLllllli.iillJlilhiiMlJlyi.mllJllllMMllJ |]l[|||illll% 4_ J. C. TRAVIS, CHAS. h, HII,!,. The Travis Cycle Co. NATIONAI, BICYCI BS The little blue wheel INDIAN MOTOCYCI ES It almost flies Sporting Goods f m I et us do your Repairing We Guarantee Satisfaction 57 So uth Second Street San Jose. 1 :Ne ' w ami lElcgant rarlors Reduced Rates to Students and Societies ANDRE W P. HILL, We make a SPECIALTY of getting our work out PROMPTLY, and it is all finished here. Take the elevator at the Dougherty Building. No. 85 South Second Street. To Oet a Oood Pen Knife OHT AN EI ECTRSC. Guaranteed to be as it ought to be. If it should not prove to be that we will be glad to exchange with you until you have one that is. MANICUR] TOOI S, RA5JORS Guaranted the same way. If you wish to shave easily, and in a hurry, get a Getn Safety Ra Ot. The greatest convenience for the man who shaves himself. THE JOHN STOCK SONS, Phone Main 76 Xinners, Roofers and Plumbers 71-77 South First %treet, San Jose, Cal. i i lTyi i i ii f iiii ii lT ii ii iifiiiHii|ii ii Hii T iii i iipiiiiipi i iiiii|iiiii i iipiiiiii iiiiii i| f i f | iiMii iT|[i iiiii iiT iiiiii l]|p iiiiii i]|ri iiiiii i| iiiiiiil |y iiiii i i i li i iiii i| iii i iiii liii i ii l THE REDWOOD A. M. D. G. Christian Apologetics OR A RATIONAL EXPOSITION OF THE FOUNDATIONS OF FAITH BY REV. W. DEVIVIER, S. J. TRANSLATED FROM THE SIXTEENTH EDITION OF THE ORIGINAL FRENCH PRECEDED BY AN INTRODUCTION ON THE EXISTENCE AND ATTRIBUTES OF GOD, AND A TREATISE ON THE HUMAN SOUL; ITS LIBERTY, SPIRITUALITY, IMMORTALITY AND DESTINY REV. I,. PEETERvS, S. J. EDITED, AUGMENTED AND ADAPTED TO ENGLISH READERS BY REV. JOSEPH C. SASIA, S. J. SUBJECTS TREATED . GOD, THE HUMAN SOUL, RELIGION, CHRISTIANITY, CATHOLICISM. TWO VOLUMES. Price, $2.50 for the Two Volumes, which are not Sold Separately. THE REDWOOD ' ®®(iXi)®®®®®®(«X«X§)( l COF)APC SUPPLIKS - - A. A. SCnOENMEIT 72 South First Street San Jose, Cal A pair of properly fitted glasses will chase away that headache. HiRSCH Kaiser, 7 Kearney St. Opticians. INSURANCB KATJO SOMAVIA Santa Clara POOTBAI,!, GYMNASIUM Suits and 9 Complete Supplies 9 TRACK and (? BASEBAlvI. i t Sweaters and Jerseys Caps and Slioes for All Sports I Our High Grade UND:E;Rw:eAR V Form Fitting and Sanitary for Men and Women ' t li%M T Pleases all Wearers K N I Ml I N G C 0. Try It 60 Geary Street, SAN f RANCISCO. open Saturday Until lo p. m, ®®® «X«)®(S)®®(SXS)®(i)®(« )®(5Xi THE REDWOOD Mayer Brothers Gent ' s Furnishing Glothing Hals, Caps, Shoes straw Hats and DvcK Suits Suits Made to Order a Specialty 6o-6a West Santa Clara Street p rv Irk 41 Pwl and 13-14 I ightston Street A J Ol I JU t , V ClI. Telephone White 14 Office Hours — 9 a. m. to 12 m. and i to 5 p. m. Phone White 961 DR. T. M. 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Beaumont y ' 07 159 KditoriaIvS College Spirit Again 166 College Magazines and Style Formation - - - 178 The Blue Pencil - - - 169 A Word About Libraries 169 Gentlemanly Football 171 C01.1.EGE Notes - - 173 AuivD Lang SYkE 177 In THE Library 179 ExcHANCES 181 Athi etics 184 Nace Printing Co. u ' nid ' n | abeD Santa Clara, Cal. Entered Dec. i8, 1902, at Santa Clara, Calif, as second-class matter, under Act of Congress of March j, 1879. Vol. II. SANTA CLARA, CAL., NOV. i, 1903. No. 3 POETRY AND REVEALED TRUTH, " So runs my dream, but what am I? An infant crying in the night; An infant crying for the light: And with no language but a cry. " — Tennyson ' s In Memoriam, In a former article, — Toetry and the Philosophy of Life ' — we have maintained, not without some show of reason, that there is infinitely more poetry and beauty in the Sermon of the Mount, than in all the poems ever written by man. Passing now to a more concrete and therefore more interesting topic we shall exam- ine the writings of recognized classical poets, with a view to dis- covering how far our assertion is verified in facts. If all true poet- ic thought is either founded on revelation or replete with truths borrowed from revelation, as we have endeavored to show, such a fact should at once be evidenced in the master productions of our literature. If the great Tennyson can speak for himself as " An infant crying in the night An infant crying for the light, " there must be something in the poet ' s art that comes from a higher source than his own finite and limited mind and the higher source must be recognizable in his finished productions. That it is indeed recognizable as nothing short of Divine Revelation, the greatest intellects of modern times bear witness. To quote but one: I30 THE REDWOOD. " Is not then Art God-like, an humble branch of the Divine In visible quest of Immortality, Stretched forth with trembling hope? " " It is in this sense, " said Aubrey de Vere, " that he (Words- worth) reminds a despondent painter that his art like the poets ' , demands a heart, though sensitive, yet ' heroically fashioned ' ; and in this sense he tells us that while tranquility was the sovereign aim of antique sculpture, a loftier as well as a tenderer mission has been confided to her " Rainbow Sister " since the day when " He who wore The crown of thorns around His bleeding brow Warmed our sad being with His glorious light? " And so poetry, as truth and beauty, which are its parents, rests upon revelation, receives its spiritual exaltation, its light and its warmth from revelation and it must either to true to its loftier and tenderer mission of expressing the principles of revealed truth through the aesthetic medium of words or else fail miserably " with no language but a cry. " But will facts bear out this assertion? We think that they will; we think that a general survey of English literature or of any other literature will reveal the truth of this fact, that while on the one hand poetry founded on religious truth and virtue has ever been classed with the best, so on the other, deviations from religion and virtue have tended to destroy or rather, have in fact, destroyed what else was possessed of high poetic qualities. In an article such as this we cannot make the general survey recommend- ed; but we can indicate the method of proceeding by quoting from some of our best Engligh poets. To begin with John Milton. He is universally recognized as one of the greatest classical poets. Hence we have in him a safe guide in things poetical. When therefore we find that by far the greatest part of his writings is professedly and often imitatively scriptural, when we find him drawing all his great thoughts from Holy Writ, whether in translating the Psalms or weaving the great fabric of Paradise Lost, we must admit, without further comment, that in his case at least revealed truth was the source of poetic THE REDWOOD. 131 truth and that whatever criticism of life he may possess is all bor- rowed from Eternal Wisdom communicated to man through the Sacred Writings. But to give some particulars. The most charming bit of poetry in all his works is a passage from the fourth book of Paradise lyOSt, in which the poet represents our first parents breaking forth into a hymn of p.aise, We cannot give it entire, but the following verses will well illustrate the beauty of the whole. " His praise ye winds that from four quarters blow, Breathe soft and low, and wave your tops, ye pines, And every branch in sign of worship wave; Fountains, and ye that warble as ye flow. Melodious murmurs, warbling tune of praise; Join voices all ye living souls, ye birds That singing up to Heaven ' s gate ascend. Bear on your wings, and in your notes. His praise. " Surely this is poetry, if there is such a thing among the works of man, and yet is it not but what might be called a free transla- tion of the Laudate of Holy Writ? Every detail is found in David, and David was inspired by God. This then exemplifies how the truth of poetry flows from the Source of all truth. The harmony of expression, the numbers, the accent are all Milton ' s, but the thought, the ' " matter and the substance " which gives life and pur- pose to the expression is from a higher source. Again let the reader run through Milton ' s description of creation and see if he can find anything that may not truly be regarded as a paraphrase of Genesis. Of course the great poet had inventive powers of his own; this we do not deny. They are constantly brought into play, as, for instance in the Abdiel episode with which the fifth book is brought to a close. Yet it is not difficult to see even here that his invent- ive powers were stimulated by principles of that higher criticism of life which we claim to be founded on revelation. What else in the conduct of the faithful Abdiel but a concrete picture of the soul ' s conquest over human respect? or to give a scriptural illustration, what else is it but a repetition of Noe ' s fidelity to God in the midst of sin and sinners? 132 THE REDWOOD. " Among the faithless, faithful only he; Among innumerabfe false unmoved, Unshaken, unseduced, unterrified. His loyalty he kept, his love, his zeal; Nor number, nor example with him wrought To swerve from truth, or change his constant mind, Though single. " We must not imagine that Milton is always happy in this crit- icism of life. He was a man, possessed of human passions, and naturally swayed at times by these same passions. The fact how- ever proves our point the more. If it be true that Milton ' s works contain the truth and seriousness of genuine poetry, when he writes according to the directions of a Heavenly wisdom, it is none the less true, that when he departs therefrom his writings lose the flavor and characteristics of true poetry. His undisguised Arian- ism, his want of awe in treating os the Deity, the heroic grandeur with which he clothes the fallen angels and similar departures from religious truths are recognized blemishes which destroy or diminish the poetic qualities of certain passages in his poems. Passing from Milton to Shakespeare, we are passing from the concrete to the abstract truths of religion clothed in poetic hues. Milton deals mainly with facts; the rebellion of Satan and his fol- lowers, the creation, the temptation of our first parents, the fall, and the consequent expulsion from Eden. Shakespeare ' s genius re- vels in the more abstruse truths of religion, those that have to do with the passions, the workings of conscience, the rewards of vir- tue, and the punishment of vice, even in this life. His entire trag- edy Macbeth is but a concrete picture of the ravages caused by three concupiscenses of which St. John speaks. The world is ex- emplified in Lady Macbeth, the flesh in his own " vaulting ambi- tions, " the devil in the three praeter natural weird sisters. Then again there is King Henry ' s address to sleep, with the significant conclusion, " Then happy low lie down Unhappy is the head that wears the crown. " Is not this but another form given to the many parables that have to do with the miseries of wealth and the happiness of pov- THE REDWOOD. 133 erty? Or to omit the parables, is it not but another form given to the first Beatitude: " Blessed are the poor in spirit for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven, " especially if we understand the Kingdom of Heaven to include peace and rest even in tbe world? We might mention a thousand other such passages, wherein Shakespeare is poetical because having the flow of language, and the necessary imagination, he clothes religious truths in such dress that they ap- peal to man ' s heart without his perceiving them. But Shakespeare will also serve to illustrate the negative side of our argument. He too was human and departed from the truth and beauty of religion, as for example in his sonnets. The result has been that every admirer of the great bard feels with Hallam, ' •that it is impossible not to wish that Shakespeare had not writ- ten them. " We might continue our application, but enough has been said or suggested to satisfy the reader of the truth of our doc- trine. We may state here by way of corollary, that the poet to be true to his high calling must constantly meditate, and feel and love the manifestations of God in creatures, he must pass from mere knowledge to wisdom; he is never to rest satisfied with out- lines; his is to color, to touch, to taste, to relish. The dogmatic statement, " God exists, " has a significance to the theologian and the philosopher, but the poet must study to go beyond the mere statement. The belief in God must possess an estatic something that lifts him out of himself, that elevates him to spiritual rest and quiet, that strengthens him against the trials of life, that comforts, rewards, encourages him. So with all the truths of revelation : they may be regarded as dry statements and they may enkindle the vSoul of man with love or hope or fear. The difference depends upon the degree of penetration and the sharpness of realization which we bring with us to their study. Moreover because this penetration and realization depends on sense-perception, at least in the present union of soul and body, the poetic mind must see through the senses, and the poem must be sensuous. When Shakes- peare wishes to bring home to his readers a realization of the in- anity of life and the ravages of pride on the soul, he does so by pictures. 134 THE REDWOOD. " This is the state of man: today he puts forth The tender leaves of hope, tomorrow blossoms And brings his blushing honors thick upon him, The third day comes 2i frost, a killing frost And when he thinks, good easy man, full surely His greatness is a ripenings nips his roots And then he falls as I do. " It is the old gospel truth — ' ' Deposuit potentes de sede, — He hath put down the mighty from their seat; — but because we see 2in6. feel by means of images it has a deeper significance or rather the deep significance and real wisdom of the passage is brought home to us. It is the same with the remaining lines of the solilo- quy, the " little wanton boys that swim on bladders, " the " sea of glory, " " far beyond my depth, " the " high blown pride, " etc., are sense provoking images and therefore poetical. And yet this very fact is a difiiculty, in the opinion of some, that stands in the way of a general acceptation of our assertion that poetry must be founded on on revealed religion. ReHgion, we are told, is essentially spiritual] poetry is sensuous as has been shown. How can the two unite so as to form an organic whole? They are discordant elements; the one destroys the other. How can they be reconciled? The difficulty is well taken, for between the spiritual and the sensuous there is a gulf, but not an unbridg- able gulf. Man is an organic whole and yet he is a compound of a spiritual soul and a material body. The two work together. That is a fact even though it appears to some inexplicable. And if the materialist denies the spiritual soul, he cannot call in question a co-operation in some sense between the material and the unmate- rial, he cannot deny the connections between man and his rights, his honor, and his duties, which, when considered in themselves are immaterial, though they efi " ect in some way or other the mate- rial man. We are not, however, writing for materialists and hence we assert without further remarks that man is a compound of a spiritual soul, recognizable in its operations, and a material body with material functions and material organs or senses. If then revealed religion is meant for man, it must be meant for the whole man and have in itself the elements necessary to touch both the spiritual and the material side of his being. " It is THE REDWOOD. 135 part of the economy of the Incarnation, " remarks Father George Tyrrell, S. J., in his admirable treatise on " The True and the False Mysticism, " " to minister to the deepest needs of our double nature, of the embodied spirit which embodies its purest thoughts in images derived from the senses; which embodies its purest love in the warmth of sensible emotion, which speaks and is spoken to through the symbolism of things seen and heard and handled with the hands. If a hatred and contempt of matter and of the body and all connected with it, as proceeding from the principle of evil, characterizes Gnostics, Neo-Platonists, Manicheans, Catharists, Puritans and kindred schools, it is distinctive of Christ and Cath- olic Christianity to recognize body and soul as created by God, each in His own image and likeness; to view the flesh as the sacra- ment and expression of the spirit, as the veil through which the spirit is to be approached, informed, elevated, sanctified. For this cause the Word was made Flesh, that in Him we might see the Divinity as far as it can possibly be expressed in finite, human nature — the highest created word of God, which we can realize and understand. " Briefly the revealed religion of Christ has both a spiritual and a material element, answering the spiritual and material cravings of our double nature. St. Ignatius of Loyola understood the truth of this remark in its entirety, and in his " Spiritual Exercises, " as poetical a work, at least in thought, as any ever written, he addresses himself not merely to the intelligence of man, but especially to the senses, that he might thereby reach the soul more easily. The object of his little book is to interpret life, to teach man his position in life, and he does this through the medium of sense. To give but one in- stance, from his meditation on sin — " A cry of wonder, with mighty emotion, discoursing through all creatures, how they have suffered me to live and have preserved me in life; how the Angels, being as they are the sword of Divine Justice, have supported me and guarded me and prayed for me; how the Saints have gone the length of interceeding and praying for me; and so of heavens, sun, moon, stars and elements, and how the earth has not opened to swallow me up, creating new hells that I might be tormented in them forever. " Thus then the sensuous, far from being incompatible with 136 THE REDWOOD. religion is rather a splendid assistance and cooperates for the common result of spiritual exaltation. Poetry therefore, though as we have shown, it should be subservient to religion may and should be alive to sense. I et the poet see beauty in the meanest flowers that blow, but at the same time let him realize that this beauty is but a reflection of something higher, more noble and more lasting, " Thou art O God, the life and light Of all this wondrous world we see; Its glow by day, its smile by night, Are but reflections caught from Thee; Where ' er we turn Thy glories shine And all things fair and bright are Thine! " Again let the poet hear the " Echoes through the mountains throng, " not as dull meaningless sounds, but as constituting a ceaseless Hymn of Creation. " Break forth into thanksgivings Ye banded instruments of wind and chords; Unite to magnify the Ever-living, Your inarticulate notes with sound of words ! Nor hushed be service from the lowing mead, Nor mute the forest hum of noon; Thou too be heard, lone eagle, freed From snowy peak and cloud attune Thy hungry barkings to the hymn Of joy that from her utmost walls The sixdays work, by flaming Seraphin Transmit to Heaven! As Deep to Deep Shouting through one valley calls, All worlds, all nations, mood and measure keep For praise and endless gratulation, poured Into the ear of God, their Lord! " We have not, of course, the ken of angels, who see God face to face, and " who therefore are reminded of Him by every hint and suggestion of that Beauty which is reflected from the meanest creature upon which He has lifted the light of His countenance, " we have to begin by gathering in a few rays of His infinite Glory until we are admitted to see Him in this same glory. THE REDWOOD. 137 There is, however, a great danger for the student of poetry, and it consists of confounding the sensuous with the sensual or to be more distinct with the fieshy. Though poetry should be sensuous, it should never admit the fleshy. The union of soul and body makes the sensuous imperative, but only inasmuch as the external senses minister to the higher element in man ' s formation, the soul. When, as sometimes happens, the senses are regarded as the ultimate object of poetry, when they are appealed to for them- selves, the spiritual exaltation of true poetry is lost. When gifted poets use their talent on the flesh they are casting pearls among swine; for the power of song is in itself so high and noble, that when made to subserve purposes of flesh it becomes debased and polluted. Hence the poet ' s " liquidness of diction " and " fluidity of movement " may be squandered on worthless or degrad- ing themes. We have referred to the failings of Shakespeare and Milton in this direction and unfortunately a long list of others might be added. Ovid, Catullus, and Horace among the ancients have, as a result of pagan darkness marred in many cases the sublimity of their gift by the unwholesome subservience to flesh. The follow- ing lines from Horace: " Absumet haeres Caecuba dignior Servata centum clavibus et mero Tinget pavimentum superbum Pontificum potiore coenis, " though standing together with more worthy lines are sufficient to exemplify our remark. They miss the purpose of true poetry because the principal inculcated is degrading, it is fleshy. Among our English poems Dryden ' s ' ' Alexander ' s Feast, " though it contains high poetic beauties is intrinsically unpoetical, because the end to which it is devoted is the praise of revel and sensuality. " It corresponds, " says Newman, speaking of this very poem, " to a process of clever reasoning, erected on an untrue foundation, the one is a fallacy, the other is out of taste. " We might cite examples of this poetical stain from nearly all our poets, from Chaucer, Shakespeare, Milton, from nearly all the great poets of the eighteenth century, but especially from 138 THE REDWOOD. such men as Shelley, Keats, Byron, Burns and Moore, who with all their poetic virtues have fallen into the pitfall of the flesh. Our final conclusion from all this is as simple as it is sponta- neous and logical. Poetry is a gift of God to man, a gift to enable him to rise to higher things than earth; but because man is human, this gift has often been abused. When therefore we go to poetry for criticism of life we most always bring with us the realization of the fact that there is a false criticism as well as the true, and that after all the real solution of life ' s problem is to be sought in the untrammeled teachings of Christianity. " I am the way, the truth and the life, " said the Savior of the world. He is indeed all that and more. I et the poet become an apostle of the truth, let the ordinary mind endeavor to grasp it and there will be an end of groping in the dark for explanations and consolations at once obvious and to the point. Realizing this important truth we may well repeat the words of Tennyson: " So runs my dream; but what am I? An infant crying in the night; An infant crying for the light. And with no language but a cry. " Sophomore:, THE REDWOOD. POESY. 139 t is a music soft, I ween, A solitude and woe unseen, A whisper of the vast beyond, A comforter and comrade fond. ' Mid daily works and clanging strife It brings the strength of new-born life; Sublime to seek the earth no more, Winged the soul to heaven may soar. Then all entranced in rapture high, Its home the dreamy depths of sky, J o petty war with anguish rife, J or shade of earth may cloud its life. Companion of the singing throng. That range the sun-lit clouds among, It sees no brood of misery ' s birth. That shrouds the tearful scenes of earth. Thus mounts the soul of poesy. Holy and vast and ever free. Earth cannot bound its force, nor high The farthest stretch of circling sky. Francis Lejeal, ' 06, I40 THE REDWOOD. JACR DEMERRITT ' S CHOICE. No one who has not been through the first fortnight of foot- ball practice in a University can understand or imagine what it means. Realization of it only comes with bitter experience. The aching muscles, the bruised shoulders, the barked hands and shins, and the awful burning in the chest, after the first heavy breathing, are as inexpressible as they are kept hidden from the casual ob- server. The jar of falling on the ball and of the light tackling, are accentuated by the stern advice of the coaches to dive harder and tackle lower. Then when the first line-up comes, and the men are pitted in scrub elevens against each other, the final sum up of misery seems imminent. But when the soreness has worn off, when the teams are forming, and competition for places is rife, all this is forgotten. The fierce joy of football so incomprehensible to outsiders, but so all-absorbing to the players, is near to absolute happiness. And then, if perchance, a reward in the shape of the coach ' s careless remark: " You may put on a suit to-morrow and I ' ll have a jersey for you, " when to-morrow is the date of the first game, bliss is expressed in every move of the lucky athlete ' s body and determination to win for the college in every snap of his eye. So the Laguna squad found it, as they trotted back and forth from practice under the sharp eyes of the coaches and of Captain Jack Demerritt. After the first football rally they had appeared on the field in all sorts of jerseys and sweaters, stockings and shoes, but all ready to work for the glory of Laguna, and incident- ally for their own. A few there were who put their own glory first, but to them little would accrue, for honor comes to him who least expects it and consequently most deserves it. A number of the old men were back and their places on the team were practically assured, but there were five places open for the new men and the players of the previous year ' s second team, and there were fifty fellows striving with might and main to fill them. Of course should any of the new men prove superior to the veterans, Jack Demerritt was impartial enough to see that they got their deserts, but the experience of old players is a powerful handicap against new men. THE REDWOOD. 141 Football was the one subject discussed on the campus in the afternoons, and much of it centered about the Inseparables, a clique of fellows prominent in all the doings of the University. For years they had clung together and were well known as one of the powers behind the throne in all undertakings and sports. Jack Demerritt was captain of the team and would play quar- ter, while Caribou Doran at center was a fixture as long as he wished to stay at Laguna and the rules allowed him to play. Pat Foster, the irresponsible Irishman, who sang himself into every one ' s heart, was a promising end, and Doc Edwards, the scholar, was the only one of the crowd not a player, though none were more enthusiastic than he. The other lads of the crowd were Vic Arden and Bert Landon. The former was a freshman, the brother of the previous year ' s captain, Bob Arden, who had been the most popular man in the University. The other was a striking figure; not large but compact and lithe, with sharp blue eyes and light curly hair, the very embodiment of neatness and precision. His face was only readable to the extent of his honesty of purpose, and to all but his friends he was a cold, marble man. As opposite to sunny Vic Arden as night to day, he had formed a great attach- ment for him, which Vic heartily reciprocated and they had al- ready become particular chums even among the Inseparables. As chance would have it, both were selected by the coach to try for half-back and as there seemed but one half open, they were pitted against each other. From the first they had led all the new half-backs in the squad, for Bert I andon had " subbed " on the team the year before and Vic had played three years on the best go to High school team of his state. So it seemed that the place must the one and that the other would be relegated to the subs. Either would have willingly given his chance to the other, but the duty to the team and the exportations of Jack, kept them from so fool- ish a step. Del Hargrave had for three years played half on the team and it was practically conceded that he would hold his place for the coming season, so that left half seemed the objective point of the two chums. To some, however, Hargrave ' s chance of retain- ing his old position was not so overwhelmingly strong, for feeling that he had a mortgage upon it, his practice was careless and 142 THE REDWOOD. heartless. He had absented himself several nights from the field, and even when there had shirked all the heavy work. Now this is the best way for a football player to lose all chance for the team, for it is the steady conscientious worker that is the mainstay of his eleven. The practice went on from day to day, the teams lining up against each other in all formations and shapes, while the coaches patiently explained, shouted and even in their desperation swore at the slowness of the new men. Finally, however, the team began to form into some shape. Several of the men were already fixtures and about these the otherSiWere worked till the best were fully de- termined. And oh! the interest of those days! The striving men fighting desperately for places against others who were fighting equally as desperately! And yet through it all ran a spirit of good feeling — a feeling that win or lose they had done their best, that their lucky opponent, if such there be, was the better man, and therefore not to be hated, but only to be congratulated — and envied. The week before the first game of the season was a time of restless, yet steady work. It was to be the first of the two con- tests with Laguna ' s old enemy, Dermot, and as such was one of the great games of the season. The beginning of the week saw the team not fully determined but restricted to thirteen players. The center trio was fully decided, as were also end, full and quar- ter, but for tackle and ' half, there were three men for the two places. Del Hargrave had awakened to the fact that to hold his place he must work and work hard, to make up for his carelessness at the first of the season. Vic Arden and Bert I andon had been steady workers all through the practice, not those who make startling tackles and long runs, but pounding players who hold their heads, are always in their place, and may be ever depended upon. Their style of play was entirely different from Hargrave ' s, who could carry the ball down an open field for great gains, to make sensa- tional dives for the side lines to witness and applaud. Captain Jack was in a quandary. He knew that a word from him to the coaches would decide which one should sit in his sweat- er on the side lines and yet he knew not what word to say. Since the time of Hargrave ' s attack upon him and his rescue by Vic THE REDWOOD. 143 Arden, he had always, in spite of himself, felt a great contempt for his erstwhile rival. And now was it this which influenced him in favor of the other two, or were they really superior? He lay awake long, thinking it all over. If he left Hargrave out, perhaps the whole University would call him partial, because Vic and Bert were in the Inseparables — perhaps they would despise him. But then the justice of the thing, his duty to the men themselves, to the University, to himself. At last he slept, wearied by the pro- blem. In his dreams he saw the whole University turning from him with sneers on their faces, and the words " partiality, favorit- ism " on their lips, till he awoke, all in a tremor. But he slept again and saw the blind figure and the scale of Justice as they showed against the blue heavens on the city hall dome of his na- tive town. He dreamt no longer, but awoke in the morning de- termined to do his duty whether it be to the advantage of his friends or of his enemy. The last days were confined to light practice. Captain Jack and the old players had all they could do to keep the new men from entirely loosing their heads at times — generally a good sign immediately before a game as it keys them up to steadiness in the game itself. Hargrave, Landon, and Arden were impartially used at halves, but it daily became more apparent to the coaches and Cap- tain Jack that the new men were steadier and harder players than Hargrave. The day of the game came at last, preceded by a night of rest- less agony for the players. All night, dreams of tackling, buck- ing, winning, losing, tossed each player from side to side, and woke him when the sun was still below the horizon. Even the hardened players could not control their nerves and tossed and turned as much as the newest man. The day began, foggy and hazy, but with the promise of a burning sun behind the dense, gray banks. In the forenoon the team and subs were gathered for the last talk before the game. The coaches were seated in the gym, and the men formed around them, on the mats, bars, and wherever they could see and hear. What happened is of no moment to any but players of other teams and they have doubtless heard the same advice from their own 144 THE REDWOOD. coaches, so I will not put it down here. At the end of the meet- ing, however, the head coach read out the players, as they would line up in the first half, and I andon and Arden were at half-back. Hargrave ' s face was a sight to behold when he heard this, and it did not clear when he heard he was to take Landon ' s place in the second half. As soon as the meeting was over, he stalked out with his head up, and joined a bunch of his cronies who were waiting to hear his decision. A sight of his face was enough to show that he had been thrown down, so no questions were asked till he choose to speak. He threw himself on the ground, pulled his pipe from his pocket, filled it and lit it, in direct defiance of the strict training rules against smoking. " Well, I play the last half, " he said finally, without removing his pipe from his teeth. " Demerritt has succeeded in getting all his crowd in at last, and I am to play the last half, while that snob of a Landon plays the first, and that — freshman, because he ' s a brother of the immortal Bob Arden, plays the whole game. " " I knew if they put him in Captain how it would be, " piped up a yellow faced little chap named Chauncey Grand, whose lace, dress and actions showed the unmistakable earmarks of codfish aristocracy. " So did I, " growled Borden, Hargrave ' s accomplice in his at- tack upon Jack the month before, " now we ' ll have to spread out among the fellows and knock that little poppycock of a Demerritt and his crowd, for their low down tricks. " Quickly they passed among the fellows, sowing the seeds of envy and discontent, which fell on fallow ground, for it is indeed easy to believe evil, even of one whom we have heretofore respected, if seemingly positive evidence is given against him, and you may be sure Hargrave ' s clique did not hesitate to lie. By noon there was a feeling of distrust and animosity throughout the entire University, and as Jack ' s first dream had predicted, the word " partial " was not lacking on some lips. The Demots arrived on their special train, decorated with colors, and with voices well keyed up to cheer their team to vic- tory. They spread out around the grounds in groups, talking of the chances of the teams and commenting on the beauty ofl aguna ' s THE REDWOOD. 145 location at the same time, ready to take up any bets whicii Laguna admirers might wish to make. The game was scheduled for 2:30, so at half-past one the crowds began to gather in front of the door and pass slowly to their seats. Deraot ' s rooters were on one end of the field, while the lyaguna lads were on the side, with the stand for outsiders be- tween. Green and white predominated in Laguna ' s end, cardinal in Demots, and the ladies ' stand was about evenly divided. At two o ' clock most of the spectators were in their seats, the bands were playing and the stands one living mass of color. The yells of the rooters interspersed the songs and the airs of the band, and silence seemed to have no dwelling place there. The Dermots were first on the field. As the first sign of their red jerseys appeared in the door of the dressing rooms, the baton of the Dermot leader went up and the long, loud yell split the air, drowning out the lyaguna band completely. Almost immediately afterward Laguna appeared on the other side and the rooters took up the last echoes of Dermot ' s cry and sent them back defiantly. The teams lined up for the light, signal practice. Dermot worked like a well oiled machine, but Laguna fumbled and missed signals several times. Then the Captain met with the officers to decide on the rules and to throw for choice of field or kick. In the meantime the coaches were talking to the men and trying to keep them cool. The group in the middle of the field breaks up, and the Cap- tains call their men. Laguna is to kick to Dermot. The teams line up in silence but the rooters cheer louder than before. What a world of agony are these minutes before the kick off! How the cold shivers chase each other up and down your spine; how your hands shake and how parched is your throat ! Fear it certainly is not, for all are ready to take any chance rather than let the ball advance one foot. Whatever it may be, it is as over- powering a feeling as ever comes to man. The Dermot cheers ring loud and true, but in Laguna ' s shout for Captain Jack, there is a shadow of the distrust cast early in the day by Hargrave ' s crowd. All await with eagerness to see how Arden and Landon will play, and to compare them with Hargrave in the last half. 146 THE REDWOOD. The ball is set, the men stand tense, with heads thrown for- ward and feet ready to spring from the earth, as the ball is booted. The whistle blows, the ball rises high in air, turning and twisting in a graceful arc. Twenty-two bodies, wild with excitement, dash for the spot where it will fall, and ere Dermot ' s full-back has car- ried it in ten yards, his interference is broken through and he is downed. The men rise from the pile quickly and Dermot ' s quarter sings out the signal. Their left half carries the ball around the end for three yards, their right half around the other end for five, then the full-back takes it off end for seven. Dermot is wild with joy for it seems that I aguna cannot hold them. Dermot ' s tackle goes around with the ball for two yards and then Jack Demerritt yells from the back field; " Steady boys, get down under them. " They obey, and after an attempt through guard and tackle the referee calls, " Second down, five. " Now Dermot ' s big full hits over tackle and his team pushes him through for three yards, then their half hits the same place for three more and their yards are gained. Thus they come down the field little by little, yet steadily, surely. Vic is tackling low and hard, but his tackle cannot handle his man and he cannot stop the Dermots from making their gains. I andon is in sore straits. His tackle has shown a yellow streak after the first few downs and they come at will over and around him. Both halves have made sensational stops which have won recognition from the stands and many have come to believe that Jack was not partial and made no mistake in playing Landon and Arden. The ball is past the center line when seven minutes are up and as the halves are to be twenty-five minutes Dermot will have two touch-downs, before the whistle blows, if Laguna does not brace up. At length they brace and hold for downs and Laguna gives a sigh of relief for offense is Laguna ' s strong point. Jack sends Vic around the end for five yards behind splendid interference, then Landon bucks off end for three more, and the full back measures his length on a beautiful jump over center. Soon, however, the ball goes to Dermot on a fumble and once more the procession goes on, down the field, over the center line again, on and on, over one white line after another, to the twenty yard line. Here things THE REDWOOD. 147 look desperate and Dermot yells in derision at the silence of Laguna. Jack Demerritt grits his teeth and determines to try a last expedient. He goes up directly behind the line and puts one hand on each broad back of the center and guard, and as the last signal leaves the quarter ' s lips he leaps forward over the line and, as luck will have it, through a little slowness on the center ' s part, intercepts the ball on a long pass for an end buck and carries it three yards before he is downed. They are in the twenty-five yard line so they can play a man back. The signal is given, one side of the line jumps over in a peculiar formation, called the " move " and Bert Landon takes the ball around the end. The desperate Laguna men mow down their opponents and Landon succeeds in passing all except the quarter- back, who downs him after a thirty yard run. This brings the ball almost to the center of the field, and there are but eight min- utes to play. Jack is desperate and gives a play he had wanted to hold in reserve, a quarter-back fake, which, with good interfer- ence from the left end, succeeds in duplicating Landon ' s perform- ance. Now Laguna is on Dermot ' s twenty-five yard line and in- spirited by their success, they buck their linemen up to the three yards, when the full-back carries it over with a beautiful buck through center and guard. Jack easily kicks the goal making the score 6 to o. Again they line up for the kick off, but time is called before either side is dangerous. Laguna is jubilant and yet afraid for if Dermot gets the ball, they fear that she will surely carry it across for a touchdown. Landon ' s run had won the crowd, and when Jack followed it with his, much of the poison of distrust was anti- doted. However, all are anxious to see Hargrave ' s playing and eagerly await the whistle for the end of the rest. Hargrave is the only new man for Laguna, and Dermot has on the same team. Dermot kicks off to Hargrave, who makes a sensational twenty yard run which sets the grandstand wild. Once more his cronies start their knocking and the runs of Lan- don and Demerritt are forgotten in the glamor of the new one. Hargrave ' s name is on everyone ' s lips and repeatedly is he cheered. 148 THE REDWOOD. Laguna ' s backs tear through the line and around the ends for twenty yards when she is forced to kick. Dermot ' s giant full-back, who has the reputation of being the worst man in the state in the open field, catches it and tears out around the ends. He passes several men and has only Hargrave and Demerritt between him and the coveted goal line. His face is set in hard lines, his arm ready for a crushing straight arm, and his whole body tense. Truly he is a sight to terrify any heart. Hargrave has a free open dive at him, but the cowardice, which prompted his attack on Jack, suddenly takes complete possession of him and his attempt is so heartless and weak that he misses his man, and the whole grandstand roars in derision. His weakening is so palpable that even his cronies feel a sense of contempt come over them. Little Jack Demerritt, however, shows no such signs. He is running slowly towards the big full-back, who is tearing down upon him like an angry bull. His mouth, too, is set, his eyes wide open and alert, and his body ready to respond in a second to any dodg- ing of his opponent. It is not his luck though, to have the glory of downing the big man for Vic Arden has been coming along diag- onally from behind and in the moment of hesitation of the Dermot hero, by a splendid dive, he sends him rolling on the ground. The stands change their jeers for Hargrave to plaudits for the sensational run and tackle. The coach sends a new man out to take Hargrave ' s place and the latter shame-facedly sneaks oflf to the gymnasium to don his street clothes. The Laguna rooters, ashamed of themselves for their distrust of Jack and Vic, now give them a double meed of cheers. Dermot, not disheartened by the spoiling of what looked like a touch-down, desperately bucks the Laguna line and charges it slowly up »to the middle of the field to lose the ball on downs. Laguna once more resorts to the fake quarter-back play which, however, results disastrously, and she kicks far down the field. Dermot has it once more on the center line when time is called and the game is over. Laguna i s wildly jubilant and Dermot proportionally cast down. The former triumphantly shout their victory to the winds, while the latter hide their defeat in forced smiles. Laguna ' s players, worn out by their furious work as they THE REDWOOD. 149 were, sang triumphantly in the showers and rub down room. Jack was satisfied that, now at least, the University would approve of his choice of Vic and Bert, since Hargrave ' s grit has been so sadly lacking, and his face was happy as the happiest. As re- freshed by the vigorous slapping and rubbing of the trainer, he emerged from the gymnasium, with Vic and Bert on either side, he heard, in the far distance, the last cheer for Captain Demerritt, and, with one hand on each trusty shoulder, he smiled, " I guess I made no mistake to-day in the choice of halves, by the shouting over there. I knew that the steady workers would oust the shirk- ers. " And though no one answered him, all felt satisfied with Jack Demerritt ' s choice. John M. Regan, ' 04. AUTUMN. The weeping willow sadly bows its head; All day the sad oak drops its curling leaves; ■ Each wilting blade and flower in silence grieves; Erstwhile so stong young summer time is dead. JNo bell is tolled for him, no prayer is said; His hair is laid amid his own last sheaves; (But mem ' ry still the mourning cypress saves, And guards the spot from desecrating tread. The shortening days, the chilly eves proclaim With trumpets loud another sovereign ' s rule, The southward flying birds cry out his name. While zephyrs, half of summer, gently lull The mind that sees within the dying year Its own swift wave, its dwelling place not here. Edw. Comer ford, ' 06. I50 THE REDWOOD. THE MORAL OF " EVERYMAN. " The revival of the old morality " Everj man " has pr evoked an unusual amount of favorable criticism. Magazine articles have been written in praise of the play from a dramatic standpoint; the history of the morality has been traced and the connection between this early form of the drama and the more pretentious Elizabethan productions has been pointed out. In fact, from every possible side has this relic of mediaeval literature been approached and ap- preciated, except, strange to say, from the moral side. Such at least, has been the case in the articles that have come before the present writer. Natural as it might seem that the moral of a mor- ality should engage the first place in criticism, " Everyman " has not received sufficient attention on this point. And the result has been that few people really understand why the play has been so encouragingly received. After one of the productions in California, some one was heard to say: " Well, there ' s not much jollity in it! " " True, " said an- other, " it is a strange piece, so very different from the ordinary drama. " Whether these remarks proceeded from disappointment or not, we are unable to say; but we agree with the statement that " Everyman " is indeed a strange drama, remarkable for its total want of jollity. Nor is this unnatural in a play, the object of which is to develop such scriptural texts, as; ' ' It is appointed for all men once to die. ' ' But the proper understanding of the truth in- volved and a thorough appreciation of its importance will explain the absence of jollity and serve an ulterior purpose of putting the play in an entirely different light from that which the dramatic critics have thrown around it. The artistic touches of first rate actors were needed to bring out the underlying truth, but it is the beauty and the significance of this same truth in itself to which the plays ' s success especially attaches itself, and to this truth we shall direct our thoughts. There is no curtain-rising, no orchestra, nothing in fact that is in any way suggestive of the modern drama. We find ourselves from the outset in a monastic atmosphere, religious, silent and therefore more suitable for the play on " Death " that is to come. When the THE REDWOOD. 151 distant strains of the monastery organ die away and the messenger makes his appearance clad in dark, sombre robes, we are for a moment spell-bound and anxious to know what is to come. Our anxiety however is soon relieved, when the message is given out in clear, solemn tones. " I pray you all give audience And hear this matter with reverence . . . The summons of Everyman called it is . . . The story saith: Man in the beginning. Look well and take heed of thy ending, Be ye never so gay. Ye think sin in the beginning full sweet, Which in the end causeth the soul to weep, When the body is buried in clay. Here you will see how Fellowship and Jollity How Strength, Pleasure and Beauty Will fade from you as the flower of May: Ye shall hear how Heaven ' s King Calleth Everyman to a general reckoning; Give audience and hear what He doth say. If, as has been said, the mere mention of a morality causes some people to yawn, what must be the effect of the above speech on the ordinary theater goer? Look well to thy ending, — respice finemb The yawn however or what ever other disagreeable effect there has been produced is soon turned into a trembling sensation, when the dreadful voice of the Almighty is heard speaking His displeas- ure at the wickedness and sins of man. " I perceive here in my Majesty, How that all creatures are to me unkind, Living without dread in their prosperity: Of ghostly fight the people are so blind, Drowned in sin, they know not me their God; In worldly riches is all their mind. Everyman liveth after his own pleasure, Yet of their life they be nothing sure; I see the more I them forbear, Here and in the following passages from the original we have modernized, as far as possi- ble the mediaeval diction. 152 THE REDWOOD. The worse they grow from year to year .... I proffered the people great multitude of mercy And few there be that ask it heartily. They are so steeped in worldly riches That I must needs on them do justice. " The address, full of indignation as it is, forcibly reminds one of Sodom and Gohmorra, but it is not to the inhabitants of these wicked cities that the Almighty is addressing Himself; He is speaking " To Everyman living without fear. " The present generation should not imagine that such an ad- dress would be unwarranted now-a-days. It has just as much mean- ing, just as much importance and, unfortunately, it is just as op- portune as it was in the middle of Henry VIII ' s reign. Then the reformation was beginning its ravages on the human soul; now in- differentism is even more terrible. It is well then for everybody to heed the address and examine further the results of the Eternal ' s wrath, which finds vent in calling upon Death to visit and strike down sinful man: Where art thou. Death, thou mighty messenger? " At this point the trembling sensation reaches its climax, nor is it lightened when the ghastly form is introduced exclaiming through white teeth and quivering lips: " Almighty God, I am here at thy will. Thy commandment to fulfill. " Instructed to summon " Everyman " without delay or any tarrying he answers coldly and deliberately; " Lord I will in the world go reign over all. And cruelly out-search both great and small; Everyman will I beset that liveth beastly. Out of God ' s laws and dreadeth not folly; He that loveth riches I will strike with my dart, His sight to blind and from Heaven to depart. Except that alms deeds be his good friend In hell he shall dwell, world without end. " And now " Everyman " ente rs. With his mind free and joyous, with ornamented apparel and light step he is seen to move care- THE REDWOOD. 153 lessly across the stage and would have vanished out of sight had not the Spectre called aloud: ' ' Everyman stand still! Whither goest thou Thus gayly? " Surprise and astonishment beset him. He knew that he was to die, but intent on enjoying life he fondly imagined that his time was far off. Even now he cannot realize it; worldly minded that he is, he argues with and endeavors to bribe the inexorable messenger. Constant dealings with men have taught him the om- nipotence of gold and he offers death a thousand pounds to defer the matter till another day. The attempt is of course futile and " Everyman " must die. His request for even one day is refused, for ' ' death cometh like a thief in the night, when he is least expected. " The struggle which now seizes on the soul of " Everyman, " his quest for companionship and his terrible abandonment, are all portrayed in vivid realness. Fellowship, though " willing to mur- der or any man kill, " if in that he can help his friend, is indignant, when he hears the real state of affairs and with an oath he afl rms his determination not to accompany him: " Whether you have loved me or no, By St. John! I will not with you go! " Kindred and Cousin are not a bit more faithful in the dread hour. They too have promises and kind words, they profess that they " will live and die together, " but, the situation explained, their departure is abrupt and cruel. To Everyman ' s simple ques- tion: " Now show me the very effect on your mind; Will you go with me or abide behind? " he receives from Kindred the answer: " Abide behind; yea, that I will and may, Therefore farewell, till another day. " and from Cousin: " Cousin Everyman, farewell now, For verily I will not with you go. " There is no help or consolation from these sources and so " Everyman " betakes himself to Riches. All his life he has had joy and pleasure in him; he served him, he loved him, he sacrificed 154 THE REDWOOD. everything for him; surely gratitude will not be wanting. He even hopes in his foolishness, that Riches may purify and make his reckoning clean, before God Almighty, for it is said: ' ' Money maketh all right that is wrong. " " Nay, Everyman, I sing another song, " is the only consolation that Riches has to offer. He adds however, that even were he to follow one beyond the grave it would be all the worse for him. " Because on me thou didst set thy mind, Thy reckoning I have made blotted and blind. My love is contrary to love everlasting. . . . My condition is man ' s soul to kill, — If I save one; a thousand I do spill. " This is enough. " Everyman " does not want such a compan- ion. He was pleasant during life, but he must not go beyond the grave. To whom then can the doomed man turn? Who can befriend him in this sore difficulty? Ah! he has a friend, weak it is true and almost lifeless; still he will go to her, he will appeal to his Good-deeds, but only to hear the sad complaint : " I lie cold in the ground. Thy sins have me so tightly bound, That I cannot stir. " It is the old story: our good -deeds are so few in comparison to selfishness and other short-comings that they are fairly kept under by the weight of our sins. In " Everyman ' s " case, however, this friend is not entirely dead and though tightly bound she can offer some advise; she has a sister called Knowledge who may be of some assistance to the unfortunate. At the suggestion Knowledge appears and for the first time since the summons, ' ' Everyman " has the consolation of seeing a true friend and hearing promises that from their sincere tone are more than promises: " Everyman, I will go with thee and be thy guide. In this great need. " Her first act is to lead him to Confession where he receives a " precious jewel " called Penance. It is presented under the allogor- ical symbols of scourge and hair-cloth and with it comes the re- THE REDWOOD. 155 mark that " the Savior was cruelly scourged for him and suffered it patiently. " The change that has been wrought by Confession baffles de- scription. " Everyman " bursts forth into a prayer at once full of piety and typical of the Catholic spirit that runs through the entire play. Beginning with an appeal the Eternal Father and the Son- Redeemer of the world, he turns to Mary, the Virgin Mother of God, and begs her prayers in this dreadful hour of death, promis- ing to do penance for his past sins. A struggle naturally follows between the flesh and the spirit, in which after a brief parley, " Everyman ' s " soul conquers. Then it is that Good-deeds is de- livered from ' ' sickness and woe " and then too " Everyman " ex- claims in his excess of fervor: My heart is light and shall be evermore, Now will I smite faster than before. " But Knowledge interrupts him in his penance and instructs him further as to the preparations necessary for the journey: " Everyman, hearken to what I say; Go to the priesthood I you advise And receive from him in any wise. The Holy Sacrament and Ointment together. Then shortly see you turn again hither. " The four new characters that have been introduced into this scene. Beauty, Strength, Discretion and Five- Wits unite in advis- ing the reception of the Blessed Sacrament and then follows a scene which for solemnity and meaning, to those who retain the ancient faith, is beyond the power of words. It is perhaps the only successful attempt to introduce the Mass on the stage. The solemn tones of the priest, the gong ' s deep sounds, to represent the Elevation and after a short interval the ' Domine non sum dig- nus ' ' the incense rising from behind the scenes, all combine to make this dramatic touch the most religious of a very religious play. The effect is such that a reverential awe seizes upon the audience; but this awe grows still greater when " Everyman " re-appears clothed in a garment of white representing the innocence with which his soul is now adorned. The horrors of death have left the atmosphere and one is almost prepared to exchange places 156 THE REDWOOD. with " Everyman " who is now prepared for death and who in his joy exclaims: " I have received fhe Sacrament of my Redemption, And then mine extreme Unction; Blessed be ye that counselled me to take it And now friends let us go without longer respite. It is needless to follow the moral any further. ' ' Everyman " is prepared for death and Beauty, Strength, Discretion and Five- Wits departing, he sinks slowly into the grave uttering the beau- tiful prayer: In manus Tuas, Domine commendo spirihim meumV He is dead; his soul purified by penance and the Sacraments of Christ ' s Church has been welcomed by Angel choirs into Paradise; and the audience departs, some disappointed because there was no jollity, others full of religious fervor, because they have seen what death is, and have been taught how to prepare for that dreadful moment, Edw. Kirk, ' 05, THE REDWOOD. 157 THE SPIDER AND THE FLY. (With Apologies to Mr. Charles Lever and Others.) Have ye heard of the spither and fly, Me bye? Wait till ye hear it, ye ' 11 cry, Oh my! For he was the coon, This oogly gossoon, Who fooled a poor little fly. So sly. Oh! ' twas he was the divil to lie. He was badly in need of a shtew, Aboo! And he didn ' t quite know what to do, Aboo! So he shtood on the shtair, Of his dhirty ould lair. And wrinkled his brow like a Jew. It is thrue — This shtory I ' m tellin ' to you. A fly came around very soon, Aroon. A-hummin ' a gay little tune, Aroon. Says he: " Here ' s me mate, Will yez plaze take a sate. For faith! It ' s a warrum afternoon. The ould coon! The fly thought he wanted to shpoon. 158 THE REDWOOD. " OcH! Biddy me darlint, " says he, Machree, You ' re as pretty as crathure can be, Machree. Your wings are so fair, Such an innocint air. And your manner so dainty and free ' ' Do ye see? He was worse than the haythen Chinee. The fly, ne ' er had been there before, Asthore. It flew nearer and nearer the door, Asthore Till the baste gave a spring. And the poor little thing Was shpattered all over the floor. All was o ' er. And he niver was seen any more. So ye ' ve heard of the spither and fly Me bye! And it ' s thrue that it ' s all a big lie Me bye! But the rasin it ' s told Is not hard to unfold And I ' m sure that ye all can see why. If ye try. And so, me dear rader, I ' ll bid ye Goodbye. G, P. B., ' 07. THE REDWOOD. 159 THE NEW RECRUIT. The fat recruiting sergeant stood in the open doorway of his little office, glancing up and down the deserted street, and from time to time giving vent to his disgust with a string of profanity. Finally he went out on the sidewalk and for the tenth time that morning looked at the freshly painted sign over the door. ' Hang it! " he muttered, " it ' s all there as large as life, but for all the notice it ' s attracting it might be a sign of butter and eggs. Here I ' ve been, " he continued, " the whole blame morning, and I haven ' t even enlisted a dirty nigger. What ' s become of all the men? " As if in answer to this query of the exasperated sergeant, a figure turned the far corner and came down the street in the di- rection of the office. As it approached it assumed the semblance of the strangest specimen of masculine humanity that Sergeant Thompson had ever laid his eyes on. To all appearances it was that of a man about thirty years of age. But what a man! A careless observer would have put him down as a common ordinary hobo of the most degenerate type. But no! He had not the care- less independent manner of the typical " knight of the road. " A close inspection of the face half hidden under a short, scrubby beard, revealed an almost effeminate countenance, and in the faded blue eyes there was a weary hunted look, that stamped him as a man to whom fate had not been kind. His figure was only slightly deformed but so lank and ungainly, and his clothes were so seedy that he looked like the veritable ' ' skeleton of a defunct scarecrow. " To Sergeant Thompson ' s unspeakable amazement and not a little to his disgust, this uncouth figure stopped in front of his office and after a short perusal of the sign turned and approached him timidly. Sergeant Thompson drew himself up to his full height, which was fully five feet four inches, and glared stonily at the stranger. Seeing this the man hesitated, but finally taking courage he ad- dressed the little soldier in a broken, querulous voice. " Mought this be whar they enlist men for the war? " i6o THE REDWOOD. " They enlist able-bodied men here, yes, " answered the ser- geant contemptuously. ' ' What can I do for you? " If it had been an ordinary tramp, he would have shrugged his shoulders and laughed, but as I said before this man was different. The words cut into him like a lash, so that he winced perceptibly and tried in vain to straighten himself into some semblance of a manly form. After one or two attempts he gave it up with a queer little hopeless laugh. Then he turned away as if to go but stopped and spoke in a slow uncertain tone; " Excuse me, partner, I didn ' t mean no harm in asking, my father got killed at Gettysburg, and the papers said as how he was a hero, and so I ' d a kinder like to — but pshaw! I might a-knowed you wouldn ' t have no use for a worthless cuss like me. " The seedy stranger looked seedier as he turned away. Somewhere under his blue coat the sergeant had a heart and it was touched; besides he was badly in need of recruits. " Say, " he bawled, " you ' ll do. Come inside. " The figure that was slouching up the street turned and came hastening back at a quick, shuffling gait. Together they entered the little office and while the one sat down at the desk, the other stood in front, twirling his soft black hat, and shifting nervously from one foot to the other. The sergeant hastily collected the papers on his desk. " Let ' s see, " he muttered, " there ' s the 9th cavalry, but that ' s a nigger regiment, and I don ' t think this fellow could ride anyway. Then there ' s the Crack Carolinas; that would n ' t do, and then there ' s — gosh! that ' s all there is. " He made another rapid search but with the same result. The nigger regiment and the Crack Carolinas were the only regiments open to volunteers, the rest were all filled. The sergeant ' s stock of profanity gave out and he merely whistled. " lyord, " he muttered at length, " if he wasn ' t such an awful ' rube ' I could put him in the Crack Carolinas, but as it is that hot headed little colonel of theirs would jump down my throat. " Finally he looked up at the man in front of him. " I ' m sorry, " he began, " but I am afraid that I made a mistake, " — then he stopped short. The color vanished from the stranger ' s face, the bright light of hope faded from the blue eyes and in its place came THE REDWOOD. i6i the old hunted look. The figure resumed its former, plaintive droop. " Oh! here! " shouted the sergeant. " Sign this. " Half an hour later a ridiculous looking figure clad in the uni- form of an American soldier, slouched down the street, the new clothes serving only to intensify his ungainly form and appearance. It was the new recruit. Down to the barracks he went and pre- sented himself with his enlistment papers to the first sergeant. That worthy stared at the new comer in speechless indignation. " Oh say, " he exploded, " this is too much. Here, you come with me up to the old man ' s ofiice and we ' ll soon see if the Crack Carolinas are going to have any such looking sights as you in their ranks. " The recruit followed his companion meekly to the colonel ' s office, where the big sergeant entered after a light knock. Colonel Thornton was seated at a table writing rapidly. A number of of officers were gathered around in attendance. As the sergeant entered the room, Colonel Thornton snapped out: " Well, what do you want? " " Please, sir, here ' s one of them new recruits and he — " " What in thunder are you bringing him to me for, " demanded the colonel without looking up from his waiting, " can ' t you see I ' m busy? Take him away and show him his quarters. " The crest-fallen soldier dared not further remonstrate but went out slamming the door as loudly as he dared. Once in the courtyard he turned on the recruit, " Well, " he snarled, " you got in didn ' t you? But look here, if you make our company a disgrace to the regiment, I ' ll shoot you. " Two weeks later Company D sailed for Cuba on board the transport " Beaver " and the raw recruit, or Private John Smith, as he was now known, went with them. The company was composed of strong, hearty men and they naturally looked upon such a " rube " as a disgrace to their company and took no pains to conceal their feelings. The " rube " saw and understood; thereafter he kept sil- ently to himself and avoided the others as much as possible. Once i62 THE REDWOOD. he knocked over a bucket of red paint which spread in all direc- tions over the deck and for the remainder of the day he was forced to sit squatting upon the deck in a vain endeavor to remove the stains, while the rest of the men stood around laughing at him. On another occasion he dropped his gun overboard, for which he was roundly cursed by the first sergeant besides losing an entire month ' s pay. But he stood it all in silence and only shrunk more and more into himself. After a short trip the men were landed on the hostile shores of Cuba. A few days rest and they started inland to join the army under General Shafter. They were soon met by an aid-de- camp with orders for them to proceed to San Juan by forced marches. Then it was that the soldiers got their first taste of the hard- ships of war; coats and blankets were thrown away, and under the blazing sun and along dusty roads the men marched steadily on. Private John Smith set his teeth, his face grew paler each day, but he kept pluckily on and the men ceased joking him as they noticed the grit of which they had not thought him capable. At length they neared the scene of fighting and the regiment spread out in skirmish order. Company D was ahead and a little to the right of the main body. It had orders to engage with any force of the enemy they might run across, and so the men of Company D kept a sharp lookout for the least sign of the foe. The country, however, which they were now traversing, was composed of fields of sugar cane, and small forests of thickly tan- gled brush, so that in many places the men were forced to cut their way through with their swords. As they neared one of these stretches of brushwood, suddenly, and without any warning, an ominous clicking of locks was heard and before the startled troops could recover themselves a blinding flash, accompanied by a deaf- ening roar rent the air, and a volley of Martin rifles was discharged in the very faces of the American soldiers. The first rank went down to a man and the rest scattered in confusion; before they could rally, another volley was poured into them. Colonel Thorn- ton ' s voice rang out: " With the bayonets, boys! Charge! " At the cry, the men broke for the wood, their commander at the head. Then, too late, he discovered his mistake; the woods were alive THE REDWOOD. 163 with Spanish soldiers. It would be madness to resist. " Back men! " he shouted, ' ' Back for your lives! " The bugle sounded retreat and the remnant of Co. D dashed helter skelter back across the open field that was now swept by a hail of bullets. Only one man of the Crack Carolinas held his ground. Perhaps it was be- cause his mind was bewildered by the sudden rain of death, or it might have been the sight of the color bearer lying dead upon the field. Anyway, whatever the reason was, the fact remains that one man of Co. D refused to fly. The shattered remnants of the troops reached the farther side of the field and under the shelter of the woods endeavored to form into some kind of order. Colonel Thornton was the last man under cover, and it was evident from the rush of blood Irom his side that he had received a fatal wound. No sooner did he reach his men than he staggered to his place at their head and turned his eyes once more on the field he had just quitted. " Look, men! " he gasped. " Don ' t let them get the colors! Shoot! Shoot! Far out near the center of the big field, a soldier half hidden in the folds of the regimental flag was bending over the prostrate form of the American color bearer aud striving to wrest the banner from the dead man ' s hand. Obedient to the cry of their commander, several of the men raised their rifles and taking quick aim fired. At least one of the shots reached its mark. The silk banner fell to the ground reveal- ing the misshapen figure of a man in a blue uniform who clutched wildly at the empty air for a few monents and then tumbled in a heap to the ground. " My God! " gasped a soldier. " It ' s one of our men! " A low cry of horror came up from the small band of soldiers. Then it changed quickly into a shout of relief and en- couragement as the man in the blue uniform staggered to his feet. It was the last effort of a dying man. Even as the wounded swan that in agony lifts its voice in song, so Private Smith, with the blood streaming from his breast, became possessed of a more than human strength. Gathering himself together he made a last mighty efi ' ort, and tore the standard from the dead man ' s hand. He steadied himself for a moment to recover his bearings and then with his head down and staggering like a drunken man, he came 1 64 THE REDWOOD. tottering across the field to his comrades. The Spaniards who, until then had remained under cover now sent forth a small party to recover the flag. No sooner did the Americans perceive this than nerved to desperation by the sight, Co. D of the Crack Carolinas, with the first sergeant yelling at their head, dashed out to meet them. It was a race for the flag, and at the start the Spaniards were the nearest, but the man in the middle still kept on his feet and his comrades were straining every nerve to reach him. When the two parties were scarcely fifty yards distant,the Span- iards stopped and withdrew, while at the same instant the fugitive staggered and then suddenly pitched headlong to the ground still grasping the banner tightly to his breast. Tenderly they picked him up and carried him to a little grassy knoll on the edge of the field. He was unconscious, and from a gaping wound in the breast, a red torrent poured swiftly forth. They saw that he was dying, and for the first time they noticed that he had brown curly hair and a fair, delicate skin. The air was soft and quiet save that a few birds chirped in a frightened plaintive way, in a neighbor- ing tree. The sergeant knelt down and forced a few drops of brandy between the set teeth of the dying man. The cordial took eff ' ect and he slowly opened his eyes and gazed wonderingly at the circle of awe struck faces. Men who had never looked upon him before, with anything but contempt, now stood with heads un- covered and hats shading their faces in an effort to conceal manly tears. A comprehensive look came into the soldier ' s eye, he raised his head and tried to speak. One of the men stooped down to catch the whisper: Did they — Did they get the flag? " The silken banner stained with his heart ' s blood was silently put into his hand, and the big sergeant stooping down, whispered in a voice that trembled with emotion: " My boy, you are the hero of the Crack Carolinas. The dying man opened his eyes and stared increduously at those surrounding him. He saw that they were not joking and that every face echoed the sergeant ' s words. " Pshaw! " he muttered depreciatingly, " It warn ' t nuthin at all. " THE REDWOOD. 165 A soft, sweet boyish smile swept over his face, they were the first words of praise he had heard in a long, long time. Onc e more he clasped the flag to his bosom and as he raised it lov- ingly to his lips, the red flood burst forth again. He smiled as peacefully as a sleepy child, then he slowly closed his eyes and his soul fled to a kinder world. No one spoke, for they knew it was all over. Silently the dead and wounded were collected and when the gruesome task was over, they came back to him. Tenderly as women, these rough soldiers cared for the remains of their comrade and soon a fresh green mound under the shade of a weeping willow marked the resting place of all that was mortal of " the new recruit. " Over the grave they fired a last salute, while the plaintive strains of the bugle wailed the taps. " On the back of the tree that formed the headstone was carved in rough, uneven letters: " The I,ast shall be Firs t. Private John Smith, Co. D, Crack Carolina, U. S. A. Killed in the heroic discharge of his duty May ist, 1897. " And though they left him there, his memory remained fresh in the hearts of Company D; it was with them at the fight on San Juan Hill, and when, after the war the men came marching home to the sound of fife and drum and amid the cheers of the people, the most conspicuous place in the regimental armory was awarded to the proudest and dearest relic of their long campaign: — a tattered flag whose silken bars, were partly hidden by a dull, red stain. G. P. Beaumont. ' 07. I T e ( orCKJ t» PUBI ISHED MONTHI Y BY THE STUDENTS OF SanTA C1.ARA COI.I,EGE. The object of The Redwood is to record our College Doings, to give proof of College Industry and to knit closer together the hearts of the Boys of the Present and of the Past. editorial staff. Kditor-in-Chief - - John M. Regan, ' 04 Business Manager - - - John W, Byrnes, ' 06 ASSOCIATE editors. LITERARY - - - 5 MARTIN V MERLE. ' T Francis H. Moraghan, 04 College Notes - - - Kdward L. Kirk, ' 05 Athletics - - - Edwin Comerford, ' 06 Alumni John Collins, ' 04 assistant business managers. M. R. O ' Reilly, ' 06 Baldo Ivancovich, ' 06 Angelo Quevedo, ' 05 — Address all communications to The Redwood, Santa Clara College, California Terms of subscription, $1.50 a year; single copies, 15 cents. V =1 EDITORIALS. COLLEGE SPIRIT AGAIN. In last month ' s issue we remarked apropos of college spirit as follows: The spirit tmist be broad, embracing everything that goes to make up college life, participating in everything when this is pos- sible, encouraging everything from lawn tennis to the study of quar- terniansjrom the foot-ball field to the editorial staff of the college paper. ' That this spirit has, during the past three months been hovering over our college home and making life therein agreeable and sociable, uniting students of diverse characters and dispositions, so THE REDWOOD. 167 as to form one big family, we cannot nor do we deny. Witness the encouragement given to athletics. If our foot-ball or base-ball team wins a game, there is not a single student in the yard, who does not go out of himself with joy and gladness; on the other hand, if the team loses, there is no blame laid on the players, no fault- finding, no " knocking. " We unite rather to encourage the losers and find a thousand reasons to explain away, or at least ex- tenuate the ignominy of defeat. This is the right spirit, — fidelity and support in time of misfortune; this is the spirit that urges a team on to greater efforts the next time. It is the working of this spirit that makes the rooters cheer till their throats are dry and parched whether the team is winning or losing. But it will not do to confine our loyaly within narrow limits. There are other distinctively college affairs besides athletics; there is, to say nothing of the reading room, the social hall, the debating societies, the band and glee club, a college paper. We mention this because we have noticed a lack of enthusiasm among some and a despicable tendency to criticise among others! The lack of enthusiasm manifests itself in the paucity of contributions and the result is that most of the work which should be done by the stu- dents at large, devolves on the staff members. The paper is a college paper, everybody is invited to contribute, everybody should contribute, and we shall give ever contribution a fair, impartial judgment. This is the first difficulty; the second arises from ad- verse criticism. Some there are, blind to a beam in their own eye, but capable of seeing a mote in the eye of a neighbor, who though doing nothing themselves to place the paper on what they would deem a proper footing, are ready with all sorts of compliments. Frequently, we admit, there are articles in the Redwood that might be improved; but give us honest criticism; tell us how they are to be improved or else improve on them yourselves. Imitate the judicious criticism of fair literary magazines; they may cen- sure, but as a rule they censure honestly. They point out faulty lines in the writer ' s verse, they tell where his stories are crude in plot, where his essays are incoherent and all that. Do this and we shall welcome your criticisms, and endeavor to improve as time goes on. Many think that the editors ' sole duty is to sit, with feet on i68 THE REDWOOD. desk, and read the stories in the exchange magazines; but this is a mistake. The editors must write and worry and sacrifice pleasure; they must work and work hard. We do not object to the work, though we must confess that pessimistic criticisms pain us consid- erably. Let then your college spirit broaden; be loyal not merely to athletics, but to everything and anything that goes to make up college life. Lend a little literary or at least moral support to your college paper and mayhap, as time goes on, we shall be able to sat- isfy even the most exacting among you. COLLEGE MAGAZINES AND STYLE FORMATION. In connection with the literary support which we are asking from every student capable of wielding pen or pencil, be it ob- served that while such support will be appreciated by the Red- wood staff, it will also be of incalculable advantage to the writers themselves. Whatever might be said or thought about the advis- ability of printing amateur compositions, it is universally admitted that in style, as in everything else, practice makes perfect ' , and it is universally true that practise soon falls into desuetude, unless there are some palpable results to urge the apprentice on to greater and more earnest efforts. College athletes are energetic and untiring as long as a game is in view; but take away the pros- pects of a real game and they become languid and careless. So too in literary endeavors; it is not likely that the average student will turn out from twenty to thirty pages of foolscap a month, if he has no other reward to look forward to than the consciousness of having worked hard. This consciousness is sufficient for some ambitious youths, but the American spirit is impatience; and so deeply imbedded in this impatience in our character, that it must be taken into consideration and though a fault in itself, it must be converted as far as possible into a virtue, when we have the for- mation of that character in view. " Have something to say and say it, " — the old theory of style is understood by the average student to refer to something beyond foolscap exposition ; he wishes to see his articles in print; he is ambitious; he imagines that he can write, and to urge him to the greater efforts we must, when possible, foster the belief, unless it is only an illusion with- THE REDWOOD. 169 out foundation in facts. Then the best policy is to keep him at the more elementary work of sentence-building and grammatical exactness. For the most part however, every student has some- thing to sa} and is able to say it more or less forcibly. He needs encouragement. THE BLUE PENCIL. But here the big difficulty arises: " I have submitted two or three articles for publication and they have come back, — rejected, and not only that, but ornamented with blue pencil marks. " Try again, do not let one or two failures discourage you. " They who reach the top, boys First must climb the hill. " You must accustom yourselves to the blue pencil now, for there will be plenty of it later on, if you ever become a writer. " The blue pencil, " says the editor of a very valuable little work called " The Writer ' s Blue Book, " " has saved countless authors their laurels, many business men their money, and millions of written things from the waste-basket. It insures greater clarity and brevity, often grace and finish .... The blue pencil is the writer ' s chief guaranty of reasonable accuracy, his only insur- ance policy. " And if Macaulay was accustomed to revise his own work from three to ten times, why should a student-writer take umbrage at the corrections and suggestions or a returned manu- script? " If any one supposes that he shall ever be able to writ,e perfectly correct English, let him disabuse his mind of the idea. The shallow critic is the only person who is sure he can reach per- fection in the art . . . Many able and great writers are not correct writers; many correct writers are neither able nor great. " Do not then be afraid of correction ' Errando discitur ' ' is as true of style as of anything else that must be acquired by practice. A WORD ABOUT LIBBAR.IES. " We are often told that an era is opening, in which we are to see multitudes of a common sort of readers, and masses of a com- mon sort of literature; that such readers do not want and could not 70 THE REDWOOD. relish anything better than such literature and that to provide it is becoming a vast and profitable industry. " It is needless to say that these words of Matthew Arnold were prophetic. We are now and have been for at least ten years in the full blaze of that era, with multidues of common readers and masses of common stuff called literature. American talent or rather American industry is intent on increasing the bulk. English writers are giving their assistance, and, because America and England cannot satisfy the demand of the book gourmands, it has been found profitable to translate Frensh trash. Of course we do not object to what is commonly called light literature; we do not object to novel reading as such. There are many people in this world with their minds so intent upon serious thought, so constantly engaged in the struggle for existence, that they need a little recreation now and then, and if this recreation can be found in light but innocent novels, well and good. But the danger is that if they spend all their leisure moments in pour- ing over works of fiction, they are apt to reach a false estimate of life and waste their intellectual powers in the unreal and vapidly romantic. It is an intellectual sin to know more about Daniel Deronda than about Savanorola, or to be more familiar with the characteristics of Becky Sharp than with the career of Joan d ' Arc. Yet this ignorance of real historical personages is inevit- able when one reads fiction exclusively. There is, however, another class of books, which unfortu- nately have great currency, which the reader hides, through very shame, from his or her parents. They are not all of such a revolt- ing nature that ordinary people shrink back in horror at the men- tion of their name, they have even come to be spoken of with a sort of literary pride. Dumas and Zola, to say nothing of others are regarded as essential authors in the common reader ' s acquaint- ance and though these same common readers will ask the book sellers or the librarians for the " Creases " meaning the " Crisis, " they are bold enough to talk learnedly of the superiority of Zola over Thackeray, or the influence of the French novel on American taste! And yet all this trash can be found in our public libraries! The shelves are groaning beneath this sordid stuff, and the com- THE REDWOOD. 171 mon readers are devouring it day by day. Talk to them about lyongfellow and Bryant, about Tennyson and Wordsworth and with a sneer they reply that such literature is good enough for the class room, but for the drawing room there is need of Dumas. Ask the public Librarian for Newman ' s ' ' Idea of a University, ' " and he will have to look up his catalogue of books and in nine cases out of ten he will tell you that it is not to be found. In view of these facts one is almost tempted to exclaim: Oh for another Henry VIII to burn, confiscate and abolish our libra- ries! or " to send whole shiploads of books to foreign countries as waste paper! " But no; " Even if good literature entirely lost currency with the world it would be abundantly worth while to continue to enjoy it by oneself. But it never will lose currency with the world in spite of momentary appearances; it never will lose supremacy. " We hope so; we hope that these other words of Arnold will prove as prophetic as those with which we opened our comments, and that in time to come the common readers will learn to admire the intellectual as well as the romantic, to prefer the former to the lat- ter, or rather to feast on the former and use the latter as a condi- ment, sparingly and cautiously. GENTLEMANLY FOOTBALL. Throughout the country there is, among older people, a deep rooted feeling against football; on every side it is decried and con- demned as brutal and no game for a gentleman. To us it seems but fair that the lover of the game should have his say, and receive a dispassionate hearing, when he contends that much of the bias against it is not the fault of the game itself, but the result rather of abuse due to those who have no manly sportsmanlike principles. A gentleman is a gentleman wherever he be; as long as by the fact of his being there, he does not lower himself from that state. Now the advocate of the game, who after all, has in his favor the presumption of technical knowledge, holds that in football pure and simple, played according to the recognized rules, there is not one thing which a man could not do, without shame, before his lya THE REDWOOD. mother, there is not one thing which he could not let the whole world see and he proud of letting it be seen. We often hear that there is an opportunity for a malicious person to wreak his vengeance under cover of the game. By what rule of football is a man allowed to strike another? If he does so, it is not the fault of the game, but a direct disobedience of the rules, which provide ample sanction against it, since such an offense is penalized by the exclusion of the transgressor from further participation in the game. Even the highest and noblest things are subject to abuse. When we see men in high offices of trust making use of them for their own disgraceful ends, we do not put the blame on the offices themselves, which are entirely devoid of wrong. Assuredly the same may be said of football and the more so since the rules of the game make specific provision against abuse. It has occasionally been the lot of the writer to come in contact with a player who " slugs, " but such a one is branded, by the very fact of his slugging, as a disgrace to the name of man, and is moreover a detriment to his team and the game he plays. With these thoughts in mind the devotee of the game may, not without reason, contend that clean football as well as good foot- ball be the motto of every team. All prejudices must in time be overcome and the game placed where it belongs, among the ideal sports of healthy, spirited American gentlemen. THE REDWOOD. 173 COLLEGE NOTES. BisKop Conaty ' s Visit. The Rt. Rev. Thos. Conaty, Bishop of Monterey and Los An- geles, stopped over night at the College last month, on his way to San Francisco. He said mass in the student ' s chapel and after breakfast the usual committee waited on him with the desired re- sult, — a holiday. His lyordship was deeply interested in our Col- lege and its spirit. A graduate himself of a Jesuit institution, Holy Cross College, Mass., he was delighted to be among scenes which reminded him of his Alma Mater; he inquired about the studies, the discipline, the athletics, and said that in many particu- lars our life resembles his own college experiences. To the stu- dents from the southern diocese who visited him during the day he took pride in showing three baseball fingers, relics of by-gone days, when gloves were not as common as they are now. His Lordship finds California a strange place indeed, with its perpetual spring and its orange groves and date palms; but we feel confident that what we lack in climate variations w411 be amply supplied by strenuous endeavors to make his work among us agree- able and light. We wish him success in his new field of labor and, independently of the holiday prospects, we hope to have him a frequent visitor at Santa Clara College. THe Senate. The loss of two very promising senators has caused the sur- viving ten not a little sorrow. Mr. John Riordan, whose oratorical ability was of a high order, has through press of business been forced to resign. His resignation was accepted regretfully and only after a long discussion. The discussion however could not re- move the gentleman ' s business and so we have been deprived of his services. To increase our misfortune Mr. Merle, a very pol- ished speaker and a master in debate, has been forced by ill health 174 THE REDWOOD. to absent himself from college for some time. He has our best wishes and we hope to see him back with us in the near future. Notwithstanding these loses, we have endeavored to pay up in en- thusiasm what we miss in numbers, though untoward occurrences have even cooled our enthusiasm. The question that occupied first place in the discussions of the past month read as follows: " Resolved, that trade-unions are in the throes of dissolution. " As several members were absent on account of sickness, and for other reasons, appearances seemed to point to the fact that the Phila- lethic Senate was in the throes of dissolution. But appearances are deceiving and with one good strong rally we shall be on the floor again ready for work and hard work too. TKe House. Owing to an oversight on the part of the House correspondent, no account of the Philhistoric doings was sent us for publication last month. We hope to have something in every issue henceforth, for it is the policy of the Redwood to give full space to anything and everything of general college interest. — Ed. Note. The work of the House during the past month has been some- thing of the perpetual motion style; new members have been elected to fill vacancies, new questions have been discussed and vehemently, new resolutions proposed for future discussion, in a word, the House has been in a flourishing condition and the mem- bers in high spirits. The recently elected members are Messrs. McElroy and Cecil of Nevada, Mr. Schmitz of Merced and Mr. Cuenco of P. I. It was with great pleasure that we elected a re- presentative from the Philippine Islands; he can enter into our discussions with personal knowledge of the most important ques- tions of the day, those of expansion and territorial possessions. The debates of October have been animated and full of lively interest. The questions of " Japanese exclusion, " of the " effects of modern inventions on the laborer, " of " army canteen, " came up for consideration and occasioned some very eloquent debates. The large number of representatives this year renders it necessary to set two or three questions on foot at the same time, a very profit- able mode of proceeding if we are to judge of the interest taken in the work of the House during the past month. THE REDWOOD. 175 Junior Dramatic Society. ' ' Resolved: That labor unions are more detrimental than bene- ficial to the workman, " was the question before the house at a recent meeting of the Junior Dramatics. At the conclusion of the debate, Mr. D. J. Kavanagh, S. J., President of the Philalethic Senate, and the invited guest of the evening, gave the members a little talk. After complimenting the young speakers on their suc- cess in handling what he termed " the greatest problem now c on- fronting the thoughtful minds of the world, " Mr. Kavanagh went on to give the onlj true solution of it, as set forth in the wonderful encyclicals of our late Pontiff, Leo XIII. " Christianize labor, Christianize capital, " he said in conclusion. " Teach the laborer to go back in spirit to the humble carpenter shop in Nazareth and contemplate the Savior of the world toiling from day to day, and with the perspiration rolling down His sacred cheeks, crying out to ages yet to come, ' Learn of Me, for I am meek and humble of heart. ' Bring the capitalist back to the lowly mount of Judea and put him in a position to hear the teachings of the Savior, ' Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the Kingdon of Heaven. ' Thus the one will learn that this life is a pilgrimage, a preparation for the world to come and therefore full of misery and woe; the other will learn to use his wealth for the betterment of his fellows, he will learn that his chief labor should be, not to hoard up the per- ishable riches of the world, but to keep an eye on the treasures of Heaven where no thief may enter, and no moths consume. Agitat- ors may make a deal of noise in the world, political economists may theorize, statesmen may argue; but until these saving princi- pies of Christianity have been grasped and reduced to practice by the masses, as they were in the middle ages, in the epoch of Cath- olic guilds, there can be found no remedy for the social evils of to-day. " The conferring of the diploma of honorary membership on John M. Regan, a Philalethic Senator was the event of a succeed- ing meeting. His appearance in the hall was the signal for overwhelming applause. A few words of welcome by the President, Mr. Joseph Stack, S. J., were fol- lowed by a glowing address from Mr. Regan. He recalled 176 THE REDWOOD. the happy days when he himself was a member of the Junior Dramatic Society; he referred in eloquent terms to many noble sons of Santa Clara, whose brilliant careers in life had been foreshadowed by their oratorical triumph in the halls of our little society; he expressed the hope that all present would continue on as thej had begun, so that some day they might not only equal but even surpass those who have gone before them. The following members were lately added to the roll: Messrs. Robert O ' Connor, Fred Hecker, George Hall, Harry Broderick and Cyril Smith. Our Observatory. Father Ricard ' s astronomical work is attracting general atten- tion. A San Francisco Call correspondent, Mr. Gage, paid him a visit some time ago and the following account which may be of interest to the friends of the college appeared in the " Call: " " In 1895 an eight-inch equatorial was presented to Santa ' Clara college by John B. McNamara in the name of Peter J. Dona- hue. Through lack of funds to erect a suitable covering for the instrument it remained unused till late in the year 1890, when it was placed under a movable house in an open space about 400 feet south of the quadrangle. Another smaller glass (four inch) still remains unused. The glass of the eight-inch equatorial was made by the elder Clarke, who looked upon it as one of his best finished products. The equatorial mounting is by Fauth Co. of Wash- ington, D. C, and is very graceful in style, doing away with the old clumsy brick pier. It is supplied with an electrical system, by means of which diminutive incandescent lamps throw subdued light on the verniers of the declination and hour circles, the cross wires of the transit eyepiece and the reticule of the position micrometer. Part of the same system enables the astronomer to establish synchronism between the driving wheel and the sidereal clock. Dr. John Montgomery supervised the work of setting the tel- escope in the meridian and elevating its polar axis to the altitude of the pole. These adjustments were astronomically verified by Father Jerome Ricard, now in charge of the observatory. THE REDWOOD. 177 The instrument is equipped with a battery of six ordinary- eyepieces, positive and negative, a neutral tint shade and a diago- nal eyepiece. Other facilities have been added from time to time as funds were secured. Thus in 1902 a sidereal clock was procured from George Saegmuller of Washington, for which a house of double construc- tion was erected, special care being taken to guard the instrument against changes of temperature and corroding humidity, owing to its extreme delicacy and sensitiveness. After being in place one year it is now under full control, its rate and error being noted each day by means of noon signals ifrom the Lick Observatory, received on a highly sensitive relay in the clock room. There is likewise a new filar micrometer, which Saegmuller had on exhibi- tion at the Pan-American Exposition. During the comparatively brief time since the observatory was established it has done good service, both in the line of instruction and in advancement of science. A serious impediment to more extensive work is the temporary shelter of the eight-inch equatorial, which is difficult to move and when moved leaves the delicate parts of the mounting and the highly polished lenses, exposed to the inclemency of the weather. " AULD LANG SYNE. Many of the old boys " will be pleased to hear of the where- abouts of Andy O ' Connor. Andy was one of the foremost debat- ers in the Philathetic Senate in 1897 1898, he was also the greatest quarter-back the college foot-ball eleven has ever had. After leaving college he went to Michigan and entered An Arbor. Chosen as first affirmative to represent his college in a debate with the North Western University, he establtshed his reputation as a polished speaker and able logician. Tne question under discus- sion was: " Resolved, That Capital and Labor should be com- pelled to settle all labor disputes by arbitration, and abide by the award, " — and owing in great part to Mr. O ' Connor ' s concluding speech, in which he recapitulated the arguments pro and con, the decision was given in favor of the University of Michigan. Andy called to see us last month and was delighted to find many of his lyS THE REDWOOD. fellow students still at college. He has been practicing law at Ottawa, Illinois, for the past three years with no little success, and we are sure that he will keep up the good work. Together with Mr. O ' Connor came his cousin, Stewart Dun- can, another old Santa Clara boy. Stewart is now cashier in the La Salle State Bank, 111. We were pleased to hear that Mr. Joseph Farry, A. B. 1897, is to take one of the leading parts in the old morality " Everyman, " to be given at St. Ignatius ' College, San Francisco, October 28th and 29th. Joe was first booked for the title role, but his voice proved too powerful for that sympathy exciting part and he is now to appear as " Knowledge. " Mr. Fa.ry, a promising young attorney of San Francisco, is one of the coming orators of the state. His oratorical build, his stentorian voice, backed by firm- ness of character and sound principles, are going to place him among the great men of California. Our Los Angeles correspondent informs us that Frank J. Palomares, Soph. ' 90, is becoming very popular. He is at present head of the Assessment Department of that city, and Superintend- ent of Streets. Frank called in to see us lately and spent a very pleasant day. The faculty has been fortunate in securing the services of Mr. Carl Fitzgerald, A. B. ' 01. Carl is at present in the Senior year of his electrical engineering course at Stanford. He is pro- fessor of descriptive geometry and musical director at the college, and is working hard for the success of the college band. Dr. F. R. Orella, ' 89, has just returned from his wedding tour in Europe and has resumed practice at 406 Sutter Street, San Francisco. On the occasion of his marriage, Dr. Orella ' s old Pro- fessor of mathematics. Father Ricard officiated. Among our recent visitors were Charles Walsh, Joseph Politeo, Pierre Merle, Joseph E. Green, Walter Healey, Charles Strub, Elmer E. Smith, Harry Sullivan and Irving J. Bounds. THE REDWOOD. 179 IN THE LIBRARY. A SYSTEMATIC STUDY OF THE CATHOLIC RELIGION. BY THE REV. CHARI.ES COPPENS, S. J. — HERDER, ST. I,OUIS. $I.OO. Father Coppens needs no introduction to most American students. His text-books on lyOgic and Metaphysics, Moral Phil- osphy, Oratory and Rhetoric have familiarized him to all of us. His latest book, the one under consideration, is like the rest, writ- ten in a clear and pleasing style, orderly in arrangement and complete in matter and substance. The author ' s long experience in American colleges, his deep insight into the needs of the youth- ful generation, his graceful style and his acquaintance with the natural sciences have combined to make his work eminently suc- cessful. But in reviewing a book of this nature, it is not the style nor other external additions that should hold the first place in our consideration. Essential as they are for successful exposition, it is the matter, the thought that is of the highest importance, and it is here that Father Coppens scores his greatest triumph. Having the requisite qualities of exposition at his command and something worthy of exposition for his subject, he has given us a work that demands thoughtful consideration and that will be esteemed by all who take the pains to examine it. There is not a point in Catholic dogma, not an essential point that is not handled in that masterly way characteristic of the author. The Teaching and Authority of the Catholic church in- cluding treatises on Christian Revelation and its Credentials and on The Church, the Teacher of Revelation, forms the first part of this excellent volume. The second part beginning with a treatise on the Existence of God, His Nature and Attributes, runs through the various dogmas of Creation, Incarnation, Redemption, Grace, The Sacraments and The Last Things. In the third part the duties of Catholics are examined in general and in particular, the Ten Commandments, the Commandments of the Church and Prayer receiving special attention. To this very complete exposi- tion of the Catholic Religion has been added an appendix in which i8o THE REDWOOD. Father Coppens states and refutes a variety of Protestant errors, that are constantly coming up among men of thought for consider- ation and reflection. We can think of no book of its kind more complete and satis- factory in explanation of Catholic dogma. Valuable as a text book in Catholic colleges it is moreover a work which one may recommend to his Protestant friends that are anxious to know something more about our teachings. Father Coppens states in his preface: " That the true religion may be honored and loved by all men, the first requisite is that it be made clearly known to all. " And the present little book is directed to the spreading of this knowledge. The Reverend author has done his part; let every zealous Catholic endeavor to make the book known and read by as many as possible. Very few people know exactly what Catholic- ism means. Here is an opportunity for them. It is an exposition of the Church ' s teachings by cne whose whole life, and thank God it has been a long life, has been devoted to the study of her teach- ings and methods; by one moreover whose clearness of style alone would be a sufficient guaranty of the book ' s excellence. We hope to see it spread, we hope to see it introduced as a text book in Catholic colleges and academies, for we know that it is capable of producing great and lasting results. DEVIVIEB ' 5 CHBI5TIAN APOLOOETIC5, KDITED BY THE RT. REV. S. G. MESSMER, D. D., D. C. L. — BENZIGER BRO., N. Y. PRICE $1.75. In the August number of the Redwood we had occasion to review Father Sasia ' s edition of Devivier ' s Christian Apologetics. We have now before us another translation of the same excellent work. Excellent it most certainly be, else how could it have ap- pealed so favorably to two such men as Father Sasia and Bishop Messmer. They have given us two English versions almost simul- taneously. There is however a slight diflference between the two works. Father Sasia has added to the original work of Devivier, the masterful treatises of Peeters on the Existence of God and the Nature of the Human Soul. He has moreover augmented the THE REDWOOD. i8i original French edition by several chapters of his own on modern developments in religious matters. These advantages are wanting in Bishop Messmer ' s work, the purpose of which was to give us the original of Devivier just as it stands in French. The trans- lation is excellent and to a deree elegant, the binding and arrange- ment are ideal. We can say nothing of the matter further than what we remarked in criticizing Father Sasia ' s translation. All in all this second edition in English of the highly success- ful French work will do an amount of good. We need such work at present to combat the errors of modern sceptics ann infidels. EXCHANGES. For nearly tw o months we have been longing for the arrival of our exchanges and now that many have come, we know not where to begin our work on them. THE SEQUOIA. Our neighbor, the Stanford Sequoia is always full of sweet morsels. In the latest arrival we relished in a special manner the article entitled, " The Drama in Colleges. " It shows an intellgent and comprehensive view of things, a knowledge of the educational value of the drama and (what we value more than all else) a cul- tivated taste that enables the writer to distinguish shadows from realities. But with all this praise, we have one big objection to make. After dismissing in one sentence the work done by the Jesuit schools in the dramatic line the author goes on to praise the Reformers for similar work. Doubtless they did much to spread the drama, and, as Mr. Hosmer is quoted in the Sequoia: " It was the jocund I uther himself who took college play-acting under his especial sanction, as he did the fiddle and dance, in his sweet, large-heartedness finding Scriptural precedent for it etc. . . . Melancthon, too, gave the practice encouragement. . . But it was at the University of Strasburg, even at the time the unsmil- ing Calvin was seeking asylum there, that the dramalic life of the German seminaries found a splendid culmination. " We are told by the same Mr. Hosmer that " the school and college plays were i82 THE REDWOOD. of various character. Sometimes they were from Terence, Plautus or Aristophanes; sometimes modifications of ancient mysteries, meant to enforce Evangelical theology. " Now we do not for a moment imagine that the Sequoia writer mentioned all this in praise of the Reformers. Dramatic repre- sentations are good in themselves, but unfortunately they have been abusedjand flagrantly abused in those very schools of which Mr. Hosmer speaks. We refer our Sequoia friends to Von Raumer ' s History of Pedagogy, Vol. I, p. 278, where he speaks thus: " It seems incredible that the learning by heart and acting of comedies, so lascivious as those of Terence could have remained without evil influence on the morality of youth. . . If the mere reading of Terence is risky, how much more risky must it be, if pupils perform such pieces and have to familiarize themselves alto- gether with the persons and situations. " The same objection could be made against Plautus and hence we consider the Sequoia article incomplete inasmuch as these abuses were not mentioned. We consider it incomplete also because the Jesuits received such little notice, the Jesuits, who " had to defend their practice (in the dramatic line) against the rigorists of Port Royal and the Janse- mists in general, and in the eighteenth century against several governments, which were swayed by a prosaic bureaucratic spirit of utilitarianism. " THE COLLEGIAN. The Saint Mary ' s College Collegian has come to us from across the bay. Vol. I, No. i, it is very promising. The cover design attracted our attention from the outset and our admiration grew as we turned to the printed matter and read from the saluta- tory to the editorials. The absence of poetical attempts in the body of the magazine is in a way compensated for by such con- tributors as " The Origin and Prospects of Our Constitution, " and " Some of the Wonders of the New Series of I ight. " To be candid we would rather see " Stuff and Nonsense and Joshes " in the waste- basket, but we leave that to your own sense of the becoming. On the whole we like this new venture in journalistic work and wish our neighbor many years of success and honor. THE REDWOOD. 183 MOLY CROSS PUR,PLE. There is a certain modesty about you Worcester people. Looking over your contents we find several specimens of " verse, " and going further into the matter we are pleased to read some choice bits of " poetry. " We think that the ' Sonnet for Sunset. " deserves a better appellation than verse y and to go further we think that the " Quarter-back ' s Soliloquy " is an athletic classic. ' ' Vox Dei " too is good, though " Autumn " does not amount to much. We do not make these remarks in a spirit of flattery, not at all, but we have been captivated by the neatness in make-up of your magazine, and wish to tell you our sentiments. To show that we are not flattering we shall call your attention to a fault that in our mind detracts from the excellence of your paper. You have no stories in the present number. We should not like to see your esteemed magazine go to press again without some work of fiction. THE S. V. C. STUDENT. A hurried glance at the " Legend of Mantilija " with which the S. V. C. Student opens would lead one to expect a rather mediocre number; but as we go on the matter increases in excellence. The tribute to Charles F. Lummis pleased us consid- erably. He is a man worthy of the highest encomium and if all that is said in the S. V. C. Student is true, as we think it is, he is worthy of more than praise, he should be revered and honored as at least one of the foremost men in America. We sympathize with our friends in Los Angeles on their diffi- culties with Pomona, and if you or they wish to know the senti- ments of an outside party, we of Santa Clara think that their action was unworthy and dishonorable. i84 THE REDWOOD. ATHLETICS. The second month of the football season has passed, and with it have come and gone varying successes and defeats. With the former our hopes would rise high in anticipation of further victor- ies, only to be shattered by one of the many visitations of ' ' hard luck, " which from the first have pressed upon us and brought us to defeat even when victory seemed certain. Through the gloom of defeat we have seen the glory of victory shining, and we have the knowledge that, had we not been so sorely handicapped, if our full team had been on the field, there would be a different tale to tell. " Of all sad words of tongue or pen, The saddest are these; " It might have been. " . Through accident and sickness some of the best players of the squad have been forced out of the game. Joe Griffin, a star tackle, has, through an injury received in practice, been out of the game for some time. Capt. Feeney and Wm. Magee, our most reliable men, have been laid on the shelf, temporarily, for repairs; but be- fore the passing of many months we shall again see them back in their old positions. Early in the season John Ivancovich and Wm. Regan, who was to have captained the team, two of the brightest stars in the field, received injuries that put them on the retired list. Through it all, in practice and in games, there has run a murky stain of misfortune, yet we are not hopelessly dis- couraged; far from it. Santa Clara is not out of the game yet and one of these mornings the outer world of sport will awaken to the fact that we are very much alive. After a month ' s hard practice and careful consideration, the following team was selected to represent Santa Clara on the grid- iron: Center, L. Hubbard Right End, A. Aguirre Right Guard, L. Woodford I eft End, J. Ivancovich Left Guard, T. Barre Full Back, J. Bray Right Tackle, W. Blow Left Half, T. Feeney Left Tackle, J. McElroy Right Half, W. Magee Quarter Back, L. Magee THE REDWOOD. 185 Subs: Schmitz, Castro, J. McClatchy, Belz, Haack, J. Regan. This selection was made after the merits of each man had been duly considered in regular team work and games arranged for the purpose. Several of the positions are occupied by the men who filled them last year. Hubbard, who was then " sub " center is first man in that position now. He distinguished himself at the Stanford Varsity game last year and all agree there is no better center-piece in the squad. Tom Feeney ' again holds down left, and in this position he is famed. Louie Magee is back into the quarter-position, where he is indispensable. Johnnie Regan in the same position manages the team with the precision of a general. August Aguirre shines as he did last year at left end, and a better man for the position could not be found. Much could be said about the new men, but " actions speak louder than words, " and actions are their strong points. Palo Alto A. C. vs. S. C. C. The first game of the season was with the Palo Alto Athletic Club and resulted in a score of 5 to o in the visitor ' s favor. The Palo Alto aggregation is a husky one, well known in football cir- cles by their strong and hard work. Nearly every man in our squad was given a chance in this game, a fact to which the defeat is somewhat due. Both teams were weak on the defense, but good on the offense. Santa Clara again and again ran Palo Alto ' s ends for substantial gains, while the latter team found success in buck- ing the Santa Clara line for its yards. The ball changed hands many times during the game and kicking was a feature of the day. It was in the latter part of the first half that Palo Alto made its touch-down. We had secured the ball on the 15-yard line and Louis Magee tried to kick it out of danger. Tomansini, the husky guard of the opposing team, broke through and blocked the ball, but Magee secured it and again tried for a kick. Again Tomansini broke through and blocked it; the ball rolled behind the goal line and a Palo Alto man fell on it. It was an easy gain, they did not have to buck the ball over our fine, and so scored on an accident. 1 86 THE REDWOOD. The second half showed a different game, Santa Clara did bet- ter work and not only held her heavier opponents down but forced the ball for great gains. Neither side was able to score and the result was 5 to o in Palo Alto ' s favor. San Jose Business College vs. S. C. C. The second game was with San Jose Business College and was characterized by its long runs and many touch downs. The Business College team had but recently begun work on the field, and Santa Clara had shown a marked improvement in her team work since the last game. The Business men were game however and played to the finish, regardless of certain defeat staring them in the face. The score was counted by seven touch-downs to four of which Blow added as many oints by kicking the goal. The touch-downs were made by Ena, Schmitz, Jedd, McClatchy, J. V. McClatchy 2, I,. Magee 2, so that the final score read 39-0 in our favor. BerKeley FresKmen vs, S. C. C. " Kern, for the Berkeley freshies kicked the ball a wee bit harder than Blow did for Santa Clara on the U. C. campus, and by doing so gained for the Blue and Gold the honors of the most thrilling gridiron battle fought in the west this season. " These words of the Berkeley correspondent to the San Francisco Exami- ner tell the tale of the battle between Santa Clara and the Berke- ley Freshmen at Berkeley October 8. These same candidates for Varsity honors, who had been creating consternation among the different teams that dared to face them, finally met their equal, and, though they came out of the fray with the wreath of victory on their brow, yet Santa Clara gave them a tussle for their points that they will not soon forget. By score the Freshmen are five points in the lead, but by general first class playing throughout the game Santa Clara sur- passed her adversary. The ball was for the greater part of the THE REDWOOD. 187 game, and during the entire first half on Berkeley ' s territory, while only once was the S. C. goal in any immediate danger. It was then however that the Freshmen by a fortunate place kick scored their five points. By a series of sensational runs and bucks they had advanced the oval to our five-yard line. Then it was that Santa Clara made one of her wonderful stands, for which our team of last season was distinguished. The Freshmen had gained two yards in the first down and left Santa Clara, the three re- maining yards to her credit or the humility of a touch-down by Berkeley. It was an exciting period. Berkeleyites and Santa Clarans gazed on the struggle with varying emotions. Would they make it? was the universal question. The Blue and Gold partisans thought they would. Kern had been making his yards right along, and they were sure he would do it now; they were confident. The little knot of Santa Clarans looked on doubtfully; it was a hard chance, but the remembrance of the Stanford Varsity game and that eventful stand on the goal line reconciled them; they too were confident. Sell gave the signal; the ball snapped; Kern plunged at the Red and White line like a locomotive; there was a grind, a crush and an exhibition of strength; he was stopped with a jar that must have disturbed his nervous system, and when the tangle of human beings had undone itself, it was seen that the Freshmen had not only failed to make their distance but had been thrown back five more yards. It was now their last chance to score. Sell, the Freshman quarter gave the signal for a place kick, and Kern booted the leather squarely between the posts. Five points had been gained by our ' opponents. This did not decrease the ardor of the Red and White war- riors however; it drove them to the determination of at least tying the score. The second half was on. By hard bucks they cut through the Blue and Gold with a force that was re- sistless. By end runs they advanced with an interference so per- fect that before the University men could get through, many yards had been gained. The Freshmen secured the ball occasion- ally and kicked it out of immediate danger, but again the relentless i88 THE REDWOOD. Red and White would force it over into their adversaries ' ground. Thus they advanced to the 25-yard line. But a few minutes now remained of the second half. Santa Clara did not have time to plow her way to the goal, so quarter-back Magee chirped the sig- nal and Blow dropped back for a place kick. The ball was snapped and leather met leather with a crunch. The players of both sides, the Freshmen sympathisers and the upholders of the Red and White watched its parabolic flight with breathless interest. It was a critical moment; to Berkeley it meant a loss of victory; to us it meant a tie score and a rescue from defeat. The ball sailed gracefully through the air; as it neared the goal post it seemed to hesitate, and then, as some relate, it deliberately ducked into the cross-bar and rebounded to the gJound. The goal had been missed, as the Berkeley correspondent relates, ' ' by the width of the amount of Christianity that could be squeezed into a Mahomedan ' s heart. " Yet it was missed. Victory perched on the Blue and Gold banner, while defeat, felt the more keenly be- cause of the smallness of the margin, was ours. The team put up a good, first class game, and the best players were each and every wearer of the Red and White. One point must be mentioned however, and that is the back-field playing of Little Ma- gee, while on the defense. Twice Kern, the star half for Berkeley literally plowed his way through the line and charged like a wild steer, toward the S. C. goal. Magee was the only man between him and the touch-down. But each time Magee was upon his man, and deftly ducking the straight-arm he downed the giant in his tracks and saved the S. C. goal. The kicking for Santa Clara was excellence itself. We can boast of a trio of kickers that any team in the state, including the two big ' Varsities, will not be able to surpass. They are Wm. Magee, his brother Louis and Tom Blow. Billy Magee was the " phenom " punter for the Stanford ' Varsity team last year and the quality of his kicking is at the highest mark. His younger brother is running a close second to him and Blow, while also a good punter, has a " hobby " for kicking goals. THE REDWOOD . 189 Stanford FresKmen vs. S. C. C. With the remnant of the team that remained after the Berke- ley Freshmen game, and the majority of these so crippled that they were almost unfit for playing; with the vacant places filled by second-team men, we turned our steps toward the Cardinal town determined to make a fight to win when defeat was inevit- able. It was our second scheduled game with Stanford, the first had been called off for lighter reasons, but rather than call off the second game it was decided to risk the chances of defeat. Captain Feeney and Billy Magee, the two halves, were out of the game, the one through injury, the other on account of sickness, their places being filled by the McClatchy twins at right and Keleher at left half. These men, though the best of players, were infants when compared with the heavy Stanford men. The referee ' s whistle purled out its shrill notes and the game was on at 3:30 P. M. Santa Clara kicked off to Stanford who ran the ball back 10 yards. Then Stanford began a line smashing crusade which soon carried the ball to the S. C. ten yard line and after several bucks, the Freshmen made a touch-down. Magee again kicked from the center line out into the field beyond the gridiron, and the ball was brought back for a kick from Stanfords ' 25 yard line. McClatchy scooped the leather and ran thirty yards. Then our crippled team began to pull together and for a while things took a different shade. The ball fluctuated back and forth, and up and down the field. Magee ' s kicking drew frequent bursts of applause from the Stanford bleachers. Neither side was able to score during the remainder of this half, and the referee ' s whistle announcing recess left the score 6 to o. The second half showed Santa Clara playing in better form and Stanford working hard for what she gained. By cross bucks and end runs the Cardinal team again brought the ball within scoring distance. The Santa Clara men made a val- iant stand on their goal line; the Cardinal bucked but failed to make any gain; again they bucked and Weller ' shuge form crossed the line for the second touch-down; the goal was kicked and the I90 THE REDWOOD. score stood 12 to o in favor of the Cardinal. Magee again kicked to the Freshmen and Keleher secured the ball on the 20 yard line. A place kick was tried but blocked. A few minutes more of play, to neither side ' s advantage, and the game was over. This was our fourth and up the present date our last first-team game. The summary of the games played thus far is in our favor even though we were unfortunate; Santa Clara 39, opposing teams 22. THe Second Team The second eleven with John W. Byrnes as manager and Jedd McClatchy as captain has been recently organized and already is beginning to show its merits on the gridiron. The line-up, selected from the first team substitutes and picked men is as fol- lows: Center, R. Jacobs Right End, H. Haack Right Guard, E. Comerford Left End, L. Hicks Left Guard, C. Warren Full Back, A. Keleher Right Tackle, T. Ena Right Half, J. V. McClatchy Left Tackle, J. Schmitz Left Half, Jedd McClatchy Quarter Back, J. Regan. Subs: Beaumont, Carter, Cactruccio, Pound, Kohlbecker, Wilson, Durie, Lyons, L. Maguire. In electing Mr. Byrnes as manager, the second team displayed great judgment. No better man could be secured for the position. Manager Byrnes has the interest of the team at heart. Already he has secured several trips for his men and more are planned. Jedd McClatchy as captain, is in great part the cause of the second team ' s success. A willing and vigorous player himself, he inspires his men with enthusiasm to work constantly toward vic- tory. Of the other men much could be said, but for the want of space, we must needs omit encomiums. Such players as J. Regan, T. Ena, Schmitz, Keleher and the rest make a team from which much is expected. THE REDWOOD. 191 Los Gatos vs. Second Team, S. C. The first game was played with the L,os Gatos High School at Los Gatos, October 15, and resulted in a 0-0 score. This was the first time the second eleven played together and consequently team work was not perfect and fumbles were frequent. Santa Clara showed an immense advantage over her opponent in every stage of the game. San Jose HigK vs. Second Team. The second game was played with the San Jose High School on the Santa Clara gridiron, October 20. The High School men were defeated to the tune of 14-0. Notwithstanding their inability to score they put up a strong game, but were no match for the college team, over whom moreover they had the advantage in weight. The team work of the Santa Clarans showed brilliantly, and a marked improvement was noted. -Anderson ' s Academy vs. Second Team. The next game was with Anderson ' s Academy team at Irving- ton, October 22d. The first half of the game was to neither team ' s advantage. The Anderson men were head and shoulders over our team, but we played all around them, though for a while in the first half it looked as though Anderson ' s would score, but Santa Clara held them down; secured the hall and bucked it out of danger. The second half brought out a decided improvement in the Santa Clara work. We bucked the ball to the five yard line and Ena carried it over for five points. The next touch-down was made by a sixty-yard run by Maguire, our star half who had entered for the last few minutes of the game and who, the first time he was given the ball, skirted Ander- son ' s end and dashed down the field toward the enemy ' s goal. The Anderson team was hot after him, but Maguire ' s speed made their efforts ludicrous and they gave up the chase at the 15 192 THE REDWOOD. yard line. This time we kicked the goal and the score stood ii-o. The trip was a pleasant one and the second team men are loud in their praises of the Anderson hospitality. Other games are scheduled and the men feel confident of victory. San Jose HigK vs. Joe Cxirleyites. With Joe Curley as manager and ly. Feeney as captain, this little team has cast itself upon the mercies of the foot-ball world. They have proven their right to the title of foot-ball players in the only game played by them so far. It was against the San Jose High School and though the game resulted in an o-o score the collegians played the better ball from start to finish. The High School team was the heavier of the two, but the " Invincibles " as our men are also called, were the faster. The team reads: Center, J. Pound Right End, R. Durie Right Guard, G. Beaumont Left End, A. Grace Left Guard, I. McHugh Full Back, D. McGregor Right Tackle, A. Mattel Right Half, L. Feeney Left Tackle, S. Lyons Left Half, J. Maddock Quarter Back, B. Baird. Subs: McKenna, Atteridge, Seaton. Jxinior Division Team. The first team of the Junior division has been organized as follows : Center, H. Ivers Right End, T. Ramos Right Guard, C. Olivares Left End, H. Spridgen Left Guard, G. Fisher Full Back, J. Ryan Right Tackle, C. Jones Right Half, J. Cowing Left Tackle, J. Jamora Left Half, J. Brazell Quarter Back, Ed. Hallinan. Subs: R. Fitzgerald, W. Maher. Michael O ' Rielly is manager and John Regan coach. These little fellows who have been playing the game for the last month have shown themselves to be a wonderfully fast and strong team THE REDWOOD. 193 for their size. In all the games they have played so far they have never been defeated. Such youngsters as Cowing, Brazell, Halli- nan, W. Maher, Jamora and the others have the makings of great ' varsity material, and in future years they may be among those who will go forth to uphold the glory of old Santa Clara. Palo Alto vs. Junior Team One of the most exciting games of foot-ball played on the Santa Clara gridiron this season was between the Junior team and a team of Palo Alto lads. They were about even in weight and both were very fast and steady. Time and again the bleachers burst into applause at some brilliant play on either side. The Juniors would buck the line and run, the ends in quick succession until they had forced the ball well into their opponents territory, but suddenly Palo Alto would brace and hold the youngsters on downs and then by equally good work would force the ball out of danger. Thus the first half progressed, neither side being able to score. The second half showed the Juniors somewhat stronger. After much hard work they forced the ball to their opponent ' s 5-yard line but were held and failing to make their yards, lost the ball. Palo Alto tried to kick but Maher broke through and blocked it. The ball rolling behind the goal line, a Palo Alto man fell on it and a safety was scored for Santa Clara. The game closed with no increase in score. The Juniors had won by 2-0. During the progress of the game Manager O ' Reilly was called on to use all his persuasive eloquence. An objection was made to one of our players on the score of weight. " Well, " said the mar- quis, if you object to his weight I ' ll make a bargain with you. After the game we ' ll weigh both teams and for every pound we have over your men I ' ll give you ten dollars. " The Palo Alto men didn ' t grasp the argument and so we were compelled to play with very light material indeed. 194 ' I ' HE REDWOOD. Rooters. We must not close without a word of praise for the rooters. Under the leadership of Capt. Jack Collins, a body of leather-lunged men with the proper spirit have been doing good work in this line of the sport. What is more encouraging to the players, when after bucking a hard line they realize that their efforts are appreciated, by hearing the ' Ali, hiho " or the " Rah-rah " ring out in mighty volume across the campus? More attention should be given this line of the sport. There are those who are physically unable to enter into football but few who cannot lend their voices to swell the applause. It not only shows loyalty to your team but breeds enthusiasm and college spirit. All should join in and show that they take a lively interest in athletics, and help to make their college days something to be remembered. THE REDWOOD 195 FIRST HONORS, SEPTEMBER, 1903. BliANCMES SENIOR. JUNIOR. Religion J. Collins J. Curley, L. Hicks . Ethics J. Collins Mental Philosophy J. Riordan Natural Philosophy J. Regan, T. Feeney W. Blow Chemistry F. Moraghan W. Blow Mathematics J. Collins Jedd McClatchy Higher English J. Regan R. Harrison Advanced History J. Collins, T. Feeney J. Curley, C. Russell. SOPHOMORE FRESHMAN Religion M. O ' Reilly B. McFadden English Precepts H. Budde G. Fisher English Author J. V. McClatchy G. Beaumont, G. Fisher English Composition . . E. Comerford . .G. Beaumont History Geography J. Byrnes R. Shepherd Elocution W. Blow J. Griffin, H. Haack Latin H. Budde G. Fisher Greek H. Budde E, Ivancovich Mathematics P. Sage !• V. McClatchy 1st ACADEMIC 2nd ACADEMIC Religion H. de la Guardia J. Brazell , . . , English Precepts E. de la Guardia H. Lyng English Author F. Hecker J. Brazell . . . . English Composition J. Brin H. Broderick , History Geography R. O ' Connor H. Broderick , Civil Government J. Bach Elocution J. Jones A. Zarcone . . Latin H. de la Guardia H. Broderick . Greek H. de la Guardia H. Lyng Mathematics L. Klemmer S. Lyons . . . . 3rd ACADEMIC 4th ACADEMIC Religion A. Ivancovich , . . . . A. Bunsow English Precepts A. Ivancovich, P. Wilcox A. Bunsow English Author P. Wilcox A. Bunsow, W. Hughes. English Composition B. Budde, P. Wilcox J. Leibert History Geography P. Wilcox J. Leibert Civil Government A. Ivancovich, P. Wilcox Elocution J. Daly J. Leibert Orthography A. Bunsow Latin A. Ivancovich A. Bunsow Greek A. Ivancovich Mathematics C. Nino R. Brown 196 THB REDWOOD Pre-Academic Classes. I5f. 2nd. Religion L. Bowie L. Ruth English Precepts W. Sweeny ly. Ruth English Author h. Bowie , English Composition L. Bowie, C. Fortune h. Ruth History and Geography G. Mayerle Aloysius Diepenbrock Elocution G. Mayerle L. Ruth Orthography L. Bowie I . Ruth Commercial Course. 1st BOOK-KEEPING. 2nd BOOK-KEEPING Ed. de la Guardia, J Brin H. de la Guardia Richard de la Guardia Special Classes 1st SPECIAL. 2nd SPECIAL. 3rd SPECIAL. I atin R. Fitzgerald J. Comerford R. O ' Connor Greek R. Fitzgerald J. Comerford G. Hall Erlemientary Science. DIVISION A. DIVISION B. It. Pierce J. Brazell THE REDWOOD i ' EAST i I 2 If going East secure choice of Routes, of limited trains and tourist excursions by calling on nearest agent SoutKern Pacific PAUL SHOUP, D. F. P. A., San Jose E. O. Mccormick, Passenger Traffic Manager, San Francisco T. H. GOODMAN, General Passenger Agent, San Francisco. THE REDWOOD I Tor UP ' to Date Clothes mmmmmi xg for Vound men go to PAUSON CO. aoo Kearney Street WORI D B ATI RS FOR OVi RCOATS J. a. ROBINSON PHARMACIST Pierce Block Santa Clara, Cal. Pictuire Framing Of Every Description GALLAGHER BROS. 27 GRANT AVENUE SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. D. L. DESIMONE CO. General Commission Merchants Wholesale Dealers in Kruits, Vegetables, Ktc. Salinas Burbanks a Specialty Telephone West 70 51-53 North Market Street, San Jose Phone Exchange 31 Phones in all Rooms; Private Exchange J. TURONNET, Prop LAMOLLE HOUSE Only First Class French Hotel and Restaurant on the Coast. European Plan. Cor. Santa Clara and San Pedro Streets SAN JOSE, CAIy -Jiaar jiia THE REDWOOD mmm mm mt Telephone Main 5327 Desisrntns: Illustrating: aim. Brown 6nsraving Co. I alf ' Cone €tiaraver$ Zinc Etchings 417 Nont onvery Street SAN FS.ANCISCO. CAL J1. Zellerbacb Sons Tmporti rs and Dealers in Paper, Zmm% and Cordage Telephone, Private Exchange 14 416-426 Sansome Street, San Francisco fKurtaz Piano Our own manufacture — 50 years on the market. A thoroughly well-made reliable piano at a reasonable price. Also sole agents for Chickering, Mason Hamlin, Vose, Sterling and other pianos, and Apollo Master Player. Pianos Furnished Santa Clara College; Notre Dame College, San Jose and San Francisco; and Notre Dame Academy, Santa Clara. BENJ. CURTAZ 6c SON 16, 18, 20 O ' FARRELL ST., CURTAZ BUILDING, S. F. BRANCHES— San Jose, Fresno, Alameda, Stockton, Palo Alto. THE REDWOOD Cable Address, " APPLKTON. " ABC Code. Telephone Front 76 HOOPER JENNINGS CO. INCORPORATED Successor to Thomas Jennings p Importers and Wholesale Grocers Dealers in Butter, Provisions Dried Fruits, Etc. 213-215 Front St., Cor. Halleck, between California and Sacramento Sts. SAN FRANCISCO CAI,. THE REDWOOD (0 (O (O € SPORTING GOODS Football Supplies Send for Catalogs 538 GLABROUGH, COLGHER GO. O ' BRIEN SPOTORTVO Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Poultry and Gamet Butten £bee$e and Eggs h MARKET 1 San Francisco Stalls 3, 4, 5, 6, 37, 38, and 39 California Market Private Exchange 515 California Street Entrance, San Francisco, Cal. If you do not wish to be tempted to use hard words, like this man, send your work to the Enterprise Laundry Co. I© SANTA CI ARA lephone Grant 96 Res. Clay 165 g. THB REDWOOD j JLlhiillilllliiinlllllimiillllliiiiiiliilliiiiillillllimltllllhiiMllilll lllllihirlllllllMMllilll iinillllLlMnllllllliiMllllliliimdlLn.iHllllllMnAhHllllblriMll lllllliMilllilllinilllilllmillilmrl t Youngs W n ' s Turnishinqs JInd the I2ew 7a!1 States in neckwear, dosiery and Gloves Young Ftlen ' s Suits and B ts now on exhibition at O ' BRIBN ' S SANTA CI ARA, CAI,. h Wm. F. BRACHER Dealer in Bicycles and Cycle Sundries Pierce, California and Hudson Bicycles Repairing a Specialty looo to 1004 Franklin Street, Santa Clara SAN JOSE SANITARIUM 3iiJSy£IER SISTERS OF CHARITY Race and San Carlos Streets SAN JOSE, CAL J. F. STEPHENSON R. K. KENNEDY. Yon trade here you save ttioiiey here Stephenson Drug Company M Telephone, Main 221 Porter Building, San Jose, Cal. H. E. WILCOX D. M. BURNETT ATTORNEYS AT LAW Rooms 19 and 20, Safe Deposit Building San Jose, Cal. ipiiiiipiiiilfl|[liiiiilfl|[lliiiiipiiiiiipiinil]piiiiin] THE REDWOOD liiiiiMiii iiiliiiiiMiiiliiiiiniiiiiiMiiiilii iiliiiMMiiJliiii.iiniliii iiliiihMiiiliiiiiiiiiiii.iMiJliininiylii iijiiiiiMiiiiiiiiMiiiiDiimiiJliiiMiiiiiiyiMiiiiJlaiiiiiiiiliiihiiiiiiiii MiiJliiiimiiiiiiiiu A pair of properly fitted g lasses will chase away that headache. HiRSCH Kaiser, 7 Kearney St. Opticians. L. CAMPIGLIA J. SPINELLI CAMPIGLIA CO. Groceries and Fruits Vegetables, Nuts and Candies Fruit and Vegetables packed and shipped to any part of country Every article Warranted Pure and Fresh and Prices Low. Telephone John 66i 103-105 South Market Street, vSan Jose INSURANCK KATJO SOMAVIA Santa Clara Ke-w and Hlesrant Parlors Reduced Rates to Students and Societies ANDREI P. HILL, We make a SPECIALTY of getting our vi ork out PROMPTIvY, and it is all finished here. Take the elevator at the Dougherty Building. No. 85 South Second Street. Xo Get a Oood Pen Knife GEX AN KI KCXRIC. Guaranteed to be as it ought to be. If it should not prove to be that we will be glad to exchange with you until you have one that is. MANICURE TOOIyS, RA ORS Guaranted the same way. If you wish to shave easily, and in a hurry, get a Gem Safety ' Razor, The greatest convenience for the man who shaves himself. THE JOHN STOCK SONS, Tinners, Roofers and Plumbers Phone Main 76 71-77 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. | ' :ifiiiiniT[piiiiiiipiiiiiyiiil|iiiiiiii]y;iiiiiiil1jpiiiiiiT] iiiiiil] iiiiiil] ii reet, San Jose, Cal. l " lllipilllipilll||pilllll||]lllllll||pilllilipilMllIl THE REDWOOD Mayer Brothers Gent ' s Furnishing, Clothing Hats, Caps, Shoes straw Hats and DvcK Suits Suits Made to Order a Specialty 60-62 West Santa Clam Street Pvrw Irk4l Pil and 13-14 I ightston Street l CII I Jl t , V Cll. Telephone White 14 Office Hours — 9 a. m. to 12 m. and i to 5 p. m. Phone White 961 DR. T. M. CARMICHAEL DENTIST St. Luis Building 115 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. CHAS. A. BOTHWELL Repairing at Right Prices Old Gold Taken in Exchange 112 South First Street, San Jose m. Scbirle Successor to P. Keflli i SS t JSL Boots and Shoes i I % I % I % III South First Street, San Jose, Cal. THE REDWOOD M Telephone Fruits and K) John 651 Produce i Jl. 6. eol eompany i a nera. mcOanU W 26-28 North Market Street, San Jose, California H S| Established 1875 Phone West 462 I GEO. W. RYDER SON I JEWBI : RS AND SII V:eRSMITHS S The most extensive and complete stock of NEW Fine Goods, for presents for the fall and holiday season 8 South First Street, Safe Deposit, San Jose, Cal. Club Rooms Attached = - — ® S. BACIGALU PI i LEADING BRANDS OF CIGARS AND TOBACCO. 109 North First Street SAN JOS] , CAI . RESIDENCE: OFFICE: 223 South Third Street Rooms 8, 9, and ii I etitia Building Phone John 2471 Phone Red 1342 DR. F. GERLACH PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON OFFICE HOURS: 10 to 12 a. m. 2 to 4 and 7 to 8 p. m. SAN JOS , CAI . Sundays 10 to 11 a. m. For a First-Class Stucent Hair Cut See P. A. BERNAL i» i Tonsorial Artist — m 34 North First Street San Jose, Cal. Killam Furniture Co. UPHOI STBRING I SANTA CIvARA, CAl IFORNIA THE REDWOOD Santa Clara College THE PIONEER UNIVERSITY OF THE PACIFIC SLOPE This famous institution of learning, which is in charge of the Jesuits, has a reputation even in Europe for the complete ness of its equipment and the thoroughness of its instruction. With most complete and appropriate accommodation in every department, and a full staff of professors, the institution oflfers uncommon ad- vantages for the mental, moral and practical training of young men and boys. FUI,!, PARTICUI.ARS MAY BE OBTAINED BY Addressing the Rev. R. E. Kenna, S. J. Santa Clara College Santa Clara, . - - - California Chas. a, Nace, President E. S. Nace, Secretary NACE PRINTING COMPANY INCORPORATED PRINTERS AND BOOKBINDERS Book and Magazine Printing a Specialty 955 Washington Street Santa Clara, California -- ■.. -4.- »- » » » » t ' ©6c EDWOOD Santa Clara I SANTA CLARA CALIFORNIA DECEMBER. 190 THE REDWOOD dJiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiriiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiiiiiniiriiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiii I Foss Micks Co I No. 45 West Santa Clara Street SAlTjOSEr Real Estate Loans Investments A select and up-to-date list of just such properties as the Home-Seeker and Investor wants. FIRE, LIFE AND ACCIDENT IN THE BEST COMPANIES INSURANCE The Fullest Information Regarding All Lines of Business Every Should lay aside a portion of his = income or allowance. = Young Open an account with this bank, | starting in with a small deposit and | adding to it regularly each week or | month. I iXLcltl Try this plan and you will be sur- | prised and gratified with the results. | I The Santa Clara Valley Bank | I SANTA CIvARA, CAL. | niiiiiiimmMiiimniiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiniiiiiMiniiiiiiisiinHiiiiHniiiiniiiiminmiiiii THE REDWOOD djiniiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiniiniiiiiiiiiiiiii F. MUSGRAVE Co. i Watcliniakers and Manufacturing Jewelers | 2995 SIXTEENTH STREET, SAN FRABTCISCO. = Class Pins. Medals and Sodality Pins made to order. Designs Furnished 3 Sporting Goods IHls and Jack Qarnot Dermody ' f ' ' ' ' t ' . ' ' Ll ' BICYCLES Phone 975 Black 69 South Second St San Jose = Seaside Store, Santa Cruz S. I,EASK Santa Clara and I,os Gatos CROSBY I EASK 576 Church Street N. Y. OFFICE ( ♦ TQS Y 8 I ♦ eajs Dt GooS 0lT23 MeTj ' Wsar Pop ©arjdies arjd leo ©p©arr| Tlriat ©annot be E:?5:eGllod 5 SANTA CI ARA = Delivered in Santa Clara and All Parts of San Jose. = iiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiniiiiuiiiiiiniiiJiiiiiiiiiiiiniHiiiniiiiiiinnnimiiiininiiiniiiiiiiiiiinniiininiiiiMin THE REDWOOD iuiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiif I C THAT I IS IN U ' R HAT Santa Clara. S kH JOSE.CAi Asrenit for tlie Celel rj te !S Knox Hat Telephone Black 93 Groceries and Provisions Teas, Coflfees, Flour Tinware, Agateware Feed, Potatoes Glassware, L,amps, Crockery Fan ' -y Canned Goods Wood and Willowware J. W. BI ACK, Proprietor Badges and €Iass Fins JH $t ecia1tv C F» Sourisseau Manufacturinq Jeweler and Repairing Highest Price Paid for Old Gold and Silver. Phone Blue 203 69) South First Street, San Jose, Cal. H.E. SKINNER CO. I 801 Market Street San Francisco FOOTBALL, TENNIS TRACK, BASEBALL AND ATHLETIC rURNISHINGS Tights, Trunks Suit Cases E Jerseys and Traveling Bags i itnnnuusinHHSiiiiiMnsnisnifniiinniiHinnnniiiiniinieiHnEiiiHinsnHsninsnnininiiKnnuini iMMHiEHitniiiiinniniir? THE REDWOOD 5 j goldstein go« Incorporated Costvmers, Decorators and Theatrical Supplies « • 733 Market Street, San Francisco, Cal. Opposite Grant Avenue, Telephone Main 1615 the Cargest and most Complete Costume l ouse on the Coast Official Costumers for all Theatres in San Francisco and on the Coast, also ' Furnishers for Santa Clara Passion Play, Bohemian Club open air Festivals and for all Carnivals on the Pacific Coast. mjm BUSINESS COLLEGE Established 40 Years. Open entire year. The great Business School in the metropolis of the West. The oldest, the largest, the best. It has trained 20,000 people, It annual enrollment is 1,000. Its average daily attendance is 500. Between 700 and 800 calls every year for graduates of the college. Nearly 100 Type-writing machines in the Typing depart- ment, 30 teachers. It cannot supply the demand for its graduates. Get the best business education. Go where the opportunities are the greatest. Send for catalogue. Day and night sessions entire year. Address E. F. HEALD, President 24 POST STR BT, SAN FRANCISCO, CAly REMEMBKR AI,I, Mi ATS SOI D BY Western JVIeat Co. AR:E U. S. GOVl RNM NT INSP: CTED t THE REDWOOD ; C. 8. $r«$ovicb eo. $ Commission merchants And Largest Importerg and Exporters in Green and Dried Fruits 519-521 Sansome Street San Francisco, Cal JetlkitieS Cbe newest 114 and 116 south First Street Yasnions in sai.305e.eai. lllftn s FurtilsMiiflS J We Make a Specialty of Catering to « « J College Students Their demand as to Styles, Color, Combination and patterns are entirely different from other people. We realize that diflference and meet it. May we serve you? Carmichael, Ballads Co., Outfitters for all Mankind 55-61 South First Street SAN JOSE Sundries and Repairing Telephone Grant 425 Columbia Cyclery Columbia and Cleveland Bicycles G. E. MITCHEI I , Prop. 1177-1183 Franklin Street, Santa Clara E. H. CUPPY SON 5 Blank Books, fountain Pens, fine Writing Paper Telephone Red 322 31, 33, 35 E. San Fernando Street, San Jose J THE REDWOOD « Comparison t ( Carries Convictioii 5 5» Our Big " Mill has surpassed last season ' s s plendid record. $ — The " 1903 " G. M. line % Sweaters, Jerseys, Gymnasium, Track and | Football Goods, 5 K Is the best show in Quality Style and Price 5f • " K Order Direct from us or ask your Dealer for the G. M. Brand ' Aarither tj) " mattemQ: 20 POST STR:E] T SAN FRANCISCO . »• A. J. RHEIN I JEWELER 15 Santa Clara Street Sau Jose, Cal. ♦i . 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Colors — silver grey, natural and vicunas All sizes and prices from per garment 25 cts $1.00 $1.00 and $1.25 50c to $2.00 Phone Main XI A.H.MARTENGO. I BADKRS OF i;OW PRICBS 83-91 S. Firat Street J. H. SULLIVAN Plumbing 6a$ Fitting, Cinning Repairing Promptly Attended to 70 East Santa Clara Street, San Jose Latest Double Gear Samson Windmill Res.— N. E. Corner St. John and Third Sts )% Phone 151 East )§ l( Jacob Eberhard, Pres. and Manager John J. Eberhard, Vice. Pres. and Ass ' t Manager Eberhard Tanning @. Tanners, Cwrriers, and ' Wool Pullers I Harness-Ladigo and Lace Leather Sole and Upper Leather, Calf. Kip and Sheepskins I i berhard ' s Shirting I eather and Bark Woolskin SANTA CLARA, CAL . j $$$$ $ $$ $$ $$ $$$ $ $$ $$$$$ $ $$ $$ $ Codmt Pio Decimo (Sonnet) - - - - H. Budde, ' 06 197 Saintsbury ' s " lyoci Critici " - - - Sophomore 198 Whkn thk Blasts of Sadness Blow - - C. Jansen 206 The Death Sentence of the Human Race . V. McClatchy, Spcl ' 06 207 Quid Prodest (Poem) - as, Comer ord, Spcl Senior 216 The Policy of Pius X - - Ralph C. Harrison, ' 05 219 The Pigskin Tournament (Poem) - Ed. Comerford, ' 06 2x7 Editorials Thanksgiving Day 234 Leniency vs. Rigor - 236 Pindaric 237 ' The Vice of Reading " 238 College Notes 241 AuLD Lang Syne 248 In the Library 251 Exchanges 253 Athletics - 256 Nace PrintingCo dtM W gg Santa Clara, Cal Entered Dec. i8, 1902, at Santa Clara, Calif, as second-class matter under Act of Congress of March j, 1879. Vol.. 11. SANTA CI.ARA, CAL., DEC. i, 1903. No. 4 PIO DECIMO. Uoihed in the robes of oniiff, iripJe-Growned, offi hiier than iheij, who rule with kin lij ro d, G i hiier far, because in him is found esi ima£e of the power and mi hi of God, ius ihe enih, ihe oniiff-kin£ proclaims is poliaif, his od-inspired aims. ehold his standard, ' blazoned with the liSht f virtue and of eaven-born truth, unfurled I ( ark ye unto his warnings, men of ni ht, ho wander in the darkness of the world ' id cries of anguish and the din of war; ' ' 11 things in phrist, in phrist all things restorer p world deep sunk in sin ! monstrous world! ehold, a voice in crying fraught with woe; nathemas ' gainst thy blind reed are hurled, £ainst thy vain, unprofitable show f peace and quietude ! ow down and hear is words; nor yet without a grateful tear. . udde, ' 06. 198 THE REDWOOD. SAINTSBURY ' S " LOCI CRITICI. " In his latest publication, " I oci Critici " , — a chronologically arranged series of select passages illustrating the history and prin- ciples of literary criticism from Aristotle to Arnold, — Professor George Saintsbury has done a great service to students of liter- ature in general and to practitioners of criticism in particular. Healthy criteria of literary excellence are as rare as they are difiS- cult in forming. To apply our own standard of perfection to things that are written may serve the purpose of giving us inner satisfaction, but then we may be at variance with the rest of the world and even with the master minds of all ages. Hence the op- portuneness of the " Loci Critici " , which gives us in a moderate sized volume the opinions of men of recognized literary discern- ment together with the demands made by them from the beginning on productions that are to be labelled " Literature. " The work is nothing more than a compilation and the Pro- fessor himself " lays claim to nothing beyond mere ' porter ' s work, ' except in the one point not common to all porters, that of having perceived that the work was needed. " We think, however, that a greater claim of the author, arises from his judicious selection of excerpts and from his elegant translations of passages from foreign languages. It was not his intention to give us everything that has been written on the subject; he meant rather to form a whole, a connected something on the matter of criticism, without concerning himself with the bulk of matter. He is therefore beyond the range of censure, for not having more representatives from modern for eign languages. It is true, indeed, that, as the ' ' Dial " (Chicago Nov. i) points out, " Aristotle, Ben Johnson, Dryden, Wordsworth and Coleridge are the writers most extensively represented, nearly one half the book being devoted to these men; " but then to quote the Professor ' s own words, " it was very important not to make the book too big; and the matter of their (writers in modern foreign languages) criticism, can in almost every case be exhibited out of English sources. " In a word the purpose of the author is to illus- trate the general drift of criticism and he has certainly gathered THE REDWOOD. 199 together such a wealth of critical literature, that no one can fail to welcome the volume with gratitude. And yet, though we admit all this, we have discovered a gap in the compilation, an intentional one perhaps, but still a gap which in our mind, destroys the wholeness of a work in all other respects excellent. The Professor has invited his readers to in- form him of ' lacunae or superfluities, " that may be detected, and though we have not the slightest hope that our endeavor in this regard will ever reach the learned literateur, we do not hesitate to delay a few moments on the existence of that gap, for the benefit of such as are interested in this truly valuable volume. Beginning with Aristotle, the Professor runs through several pagan thinkers, Dionysius of Halicarnarsus, Philostratus, I ucian, Ivonginus, Horace, Petroniuss, Qninctilian and Gellius. Then de- voting one page to the Christian philosopher, Boethius, he passes on, through Dante and some few other Renaissance authorities, to the earlier Elizabethan critics and thus leaves the entire period from the sixth to the fourteenth century a perfect blank. This is the gap to which we wish to call attention. If the learned Professor, though he does not wish his book to go beyond moderate limits, has devoted fourteen pages to Longnius, " On the Sublime, " why not at least a passing notice of St. Thomas Aquinas on the same topic? If " The Sources of Beauty " by Dionysius are given a re- spectable place, would it not seem just to pay some little tribute of respect to St. Bonaventure ' s remarks ' ' De PulchritudijieT ' Briefly, why has the Professor, in a work the purpose of which seems to be to give the general drift of literary criticism, omitted the inexhaustable treasures of Patristic learning on this subject? Apparently he has anticipated the query and in an editorial note, which takes almost half the page from Boethius, we find his answer. We shall give his statement in full, italisizing those ex- pressions to which we wish to call special attention. " I have though it worth while, " he says with an air of apol- ogy for mentioning the author at all, " to give this short extract from the ' ' De Consolatione , ' ' not merely because the book itself was an oracle to the whole of the Dark and Middle Ages, but, because it expresses a critical — or uncritical — view of literature proper, which was almost orthodox during that period, and which, derived 200 THE REDWOOD. ultimately from Plato and strongly supported by the Fathers of the Church, had to be seriously combated by the defenders of Letters at the Renaissance, from i9 ?r :« rz downwards. The philosopher actually starts with a poem, which he represents as dictated to him by the Muses in prison. Then Wisdom appears. ' But when she saw the Muses of poetry standing by my couch, and dictating words to accompany my wailings, she was a little moved; and flashing her eyes fiercely, Who, " cried she, " has per- mitted these wantons of the theater to have access to this sick man: not to soothe his pains with any remedy, but to feed them with sweet poison? These are they who, with the barren thorns of passion, kill the fertile crop of reason ' s fruit, and do not free men ' s minds from disease, but familiarize them with it. Nay, if, as ye are wont, ye had deceived some profane one with your blandish- ments, I might take it less ill, for our business would suffer naught in him. But shall ye delude this man nourished in Eleatic and Academic studies? Avaunt rather, ye sirens ever sweet to de- struction, and leave him to be nursed and healed by my Muses. ' Whereat the bevy, thus rebuked, cast their eyes sadly on the ground, and, confessing their shame by their blushes sadly crossed the threshold. ' " After this rather slim passage from the great philosopher, Saintsbury quotes, what he considers a " little but only a little bet- ter " treatment accorded to Rhetoric. Here are the words of Boethius: Xet there be present then, says Wisdom, the per- suasion of rhetorical sweetness, which then only goes in the right path, when it does not desert my laws. " This is his entire comment on Boethius and with it he dis- misses " the whole of the Dark and Middle Ages, " implying first; that an erroneous view of literature proper, taught by Boethius pervaded that entire period; secondly, that the Fathers of the Church were responsible for the fact; thirdly, that to Boccaccio and his followers, who combated these errors, is due the praise of modern success in lyCtters. We hope that our interpretation is erroneous; but how else can we account for the gap? How else can his remarks be interpreted? At all events when we find Boccaccio, the one lamentable stain on the work of the Italian Renaissance, mentioned in the same breath as the Fathers o f the THE REDWOOD. 201 Church, and mentioned not by way of contrast merely, but as a defender of I etters, who seriously combated the principles of those giant intellects, we are naturally led to examine the merits of the case. What then does Boethius teach? Bowed by the weight of age and infirmity and suffering the hardships of exile, rendered the more bitter by reason of his innocence, the old Roman Senator be- gins his volume ' De Consolatione, " as Professor Saintsbury re- marks, with a poem: " Carmina qui quondam, studio florente, peregi, Flebilis, heu! moestos cogor inire modos! Ecce mihi lacerae dictant scribenda Camenae Et veris Elegi fletibus ora rigant. " In youth he has cultivated the sweet sense of song, he has devoted his time and talents to the Muses, bowed before their altars and honored them; they, on their part come to him now in his misfor- tune, lacerated and torn, sad and gloomy. They cannot be kept away. Like spirits of another world they haunt him and dog his every thought. " Has saltem nuUus potuit pervincere terror, Ne nostrum comites persequerentur iter; Gloria felicis olim viridisque juventae, Solatur moesti nunc mea fata senis. " So these Muses, the glory of his youth, are a solace in his old age; a solace, but of what kind? They are represented as whispering into the poet ' s ear, the happiness of death, not that it is the en- trance of the soul into eternity, but that it will end his miseries and misfortunes. He is urged on to complain of the lingering life that is still his, to complain to his friends for having told him he was happy, and with this two-fold complaint, he ends his poem: " Nunc, quia fallacem mutavit nubila vultum, Protrahit ingratas impia vita moras. Quid me felicem toties jactastis, amici? Qui cecidit stabili non erat ille gradu. " There is poetry in the foregoing quotations, and after reading them one must wonder how it is that Boethius is said to be so hard 202 THE REDWOOD. on poetry. The truth is that on the contrary, he has a strong in- clination towards it, and even Wisdom, after the apparent reproach given to the philosopher, is made to break out into the best of poetic rhythm. How then is it that she condems it in Saintsbury ' s quotation? The answer is given in Prosa II in the very words of Wisdom: ' ' Sed medicines, inquit, potius tempus est quam querelcsy (This is the time to seek relief, not to complain. ' ) The reprimand is given not against poetry as such, but against such poetry, in- pired as it was by the Muses of discontent. This readily explains the use of the term, ' wantons of the theater; ' for if the author meant to condemn all poetry, or even to displace it by philosophy it would be a rather contradictory procedure to write half the treatise in a style discarded by him in the opening chapter. Boethius has really a higher criticism than that which Saints- bury has detected and it is so clearly explained throughout the whole of ' De Consolatione " that it is useless to examine it here. We shall touch on it briefly in our comments on the ' ' Dark and Mid- dle Ages, " during which as implied there were no principles of criticism worthy of insertion or even mention in the " Loci Critici. " And yet we shall find on examination such an array of literature on the subject, that at best, we can only hint at some choice speci- mens. In fact a complete selection of passages from the writings of the Fathers of the Church, would form a separate volume of " lyoci Critici, " with less variety perhaps, but not a whit less wis- dom. What Boethius was in the sixth century, St. Isidore of Seville, Theodosius, Archbishop of Cantebury, and Venerable Bede were in the seventh. Their works are in great part extant and though in scientific matters far below the twentieth century mark, as is but natural, in purely literary subjects, they can stand a favorable comparison with the best writers of any age. The name of Alcuin alone would be suJ05cient to draw the eighth century out of its reputed darkness, though during the same period there existed such geniuses as St. John of Damascus, Paulinus of Aquileia and others of like ability. We cannot pass this era without a quotation from the illustrious Alcuin. We shall select a passage from one of his poems; his address to the poetic Muses, as he understood them, on the occasion of Pepin ' s birth. It is illustrative of a higher criticism of poetry common only to men THE REDWOOD. 203 of the Boethius type, whose exalted ideas of Christian life find vent in their poetry as in all things else. ' Tergite, Pierides, musali pollice flores Carpere, qui liquidis crescunt prope fontibus amnis, Regali ut juveni faciatis serta salutis, Fulgeat in roseo vertex virtutis honore, lUic et sophise clarescat lilia donans, Justitiae violis variet per tempora fulgor, Et croceo rutilet verecunda modestia vultu: Talibus hnnc juvenem sertis ornate, Camense! " " Pierian Muses pluck ye the flowers that grow nigh your crystal springs, that thus ye may weave a garland of salvation for this royal youth; that he may glow with virtue ' s varied hue, may top the heights of blushing honor; that thence he may scatter the bright lilies of wisdom. May his brow be adorned with justice and may modesty light his countenance. Of such flowers, O Muses, weave his crown. " This is Alcuin ' s exalted idea of the poetic Muses. They are invited to spread the sweet perfume of virtue about the young prince, to accompany him through life, to guide him in his march to glory ' s height, but only to shed the luster of justice, of modesty, of wisdom around his kingly brow. Nor can this view be twisted, as Boethius ' remarks were, to mean war on poetry, or literature proper. It is an exalted criticism and deserving of the highest praise. So we shall find matters of criticism through the whole period, if we but take time to investigate. A word on St. Thomas and we shall rest contented that the existence of the gap has been fully demonstrated. A very essential element in literary criticism, if not the most essential, is the proper understanding of the ideas conveyed by the terms: Beauty, Sublimity, Truth. In nearly all the authors quoted by Saintsbury some mention is made of the necessity of having these elements in all works of literary art. They are in fact among the prime constituents of style, almost the sole ones in poetry and imaginative prose, the most predominant in emotional prose. If then St. Thomas has given an explanation of the Beau- tiful, the Sublime, the True difi " erent from those of other critics, it seems reasonable that, in a book giving the general drift of lit- 204 THE REDWOOD. erary criticism, there should be some mention made of this expla- nation. Here is the Angelic Doctor ' s teaching, and we may add that it is the teaching of all the Fathers of the Church, variously ex- plained perhaps, but for the most part, identical in substance. The Beautiful, the True, the Sublime are attributes not merely contingent relative and individual, as Hume and Mill, and Condil- lac would have them, but absolute, necessary, universal, because found primarily and essentially in God, the Creator of the Uni- verse. They are moreover attributes that have been communi- cated to God ' s creatures; largely and preeminently to the Sacred Humanity of Christ and to His Immaculate Virgin Mother; largely too, to the soul of man adorned with virtue and grace, and to all other things animate or inanimate, dimly, but withal sufficiently to elevate reflecting man above his natural self. From this high ideal St. Thomas draws the significant conclusion that in the human soul these perfections increase in lustre, in proportion as man approaches by virtue, the eternal Source of all that is Beautiful and True and Sublime, and that therefore the highest form of aestheticism consists in union with God through prayer. (Summa II. Q. 182, 112 et passim.) Thus we have endeavored by way of suggestion merely, to indicate a method of bridging over the gap in the " Eoci Critici. " We do not, however, wish to be understood as maintaining that there was no new impetus given to literature proper during the period known as the Renaissance. The beginning of the six- teenth century was indeed a golden age in literature and in all other arts. In this connection we have no objection to Saints- bury ' s compilation, except the mention of Boccaccio, already re- ferred to. The real causes of the Renaissance proper were of the Boethius type. It was under the direction of Eeo X and with the patronage ot the Papal court that " Sculpture and her sister arts revived. Stones leaped to form and rocks began to live, With sweeter notes each rising temple rung; A Raphael painted and a Vida sung. " We admit as much of the Augustin Age of English literature, but as in Italy the rich harvest must be traced back to the seed- THE REDWOOD. 205 time of earnest and constant work. In the earlier ages the growth was from Paganism to Christianity and it was necessary to insist upon the essentials of Christian belief before cultivating the accidental forms of presentation. The " Dark and Middle Age " people had to be taught to live lives of poetry, rather than to speak in poetic accents; and yet because the poetic life is a necessary precursor of poetic diction, the full fire of poetry broke out as a matter of course when peace was restored to Christendom. The havoc of the Refor- mation checked its progress, it is true, but when critics of our day wish to speak learnedly about the underlying principles of art, they know where to seek them. They know that the Fathers of the Church have contributed more wisdom on this subject than the writers of all other ages combined. But, unfortunately, these same modern critics are not always ready to submit to mediaeval guides; they are content to remain in the darkness, and exclaim in strains similar to these of Arnold: " Ah, love, let us be true To one another! for the world, which seems To lie before us like a land of dreams; So various, so beautiful, so new, Hath neither joy, nor love, nor light, Nor certitude, nor peace, nor help from pain. And we are here as on a darkling plain Swept with confused alarms of struggle and fight, Where ignorant armies clash by night. " A spirit such as this is sometimes called " modern culture, " and for this reason it has been said that " the word ' culture ' seems in our days to have an unholy ring about it, as if culture were in some sort opposed to religion and too much identified with the pride of life to have any relish of sanctity about it. " Hence it may be true, as suggested in the beginning, that " the whole of the Dark and Middle Ages " was passed over intentionally, the learned Professor not realizing that he thus seemed to take for granted that the spirit of the Fathers of the Church — " Seek first the Kingdom of God and all else will be added unto you " — is obsolete and but an echo of a simpler age. On our part we think that such a spirit can never die, that, when possessed, it is as full of life and vigor now as then, and that the noblest human efi ' orts in literature and 2o6 THE REDWOOD. all things else proceed from this same spirit. Thinking thns we have endeavored to point out a lamentable omission in Professor Saintsbury ' s recent publication, which, in other respects, deserves our warmest gratitude. Sophomore. WHEN THE BLASTS OF SADNESS BLOW www FO(R a word of comfort When sorrow presses low I And 0,for a heart to J eel with me, When all is dark with woe I My heart is chill with the gloom of death, And yearns for the sunny glow That lights the eyes of one true friend. When the blasts of sadness blow. Keen is the cold that touches me; (Dark are the clouds and low; (But when thou, my own, art near to me, 1 feel not the blasts that blow. Conrad T. Jansen, ' 06. THE REDWOOD. 207 THE DEATH SENTENCE OF THE HUMAN RACE. Claude Wallerton was known to be eccentric; his mania for chemical research was the talk of the University of Cummersmith; his original theories of force and matter astonished his students; but on this particular occasion their astonishment took the form of angry excitement. The professor was seriously intent on his ex- periments, when the students entered the laboratory for their usual instruction. Irritated by the interruption he broke out into an invective against chemistry and chemists, ending his remarks with the unwarrantable assertion: " That Almighty God had made an infinite number of blunders in distributing the chemical ele- ments. " The blasphemous remark was the cause of much displeasure among the students, and though they admitted the professor ' s su- periority over them in scientific matters, they had, for the most part, a sufficient amount of logic to know that Dr. Wallerton was overstepping the limits of prudence and common sense, in going apart from his subject-matter, to utter such treasonable blasphemy. One young student, more vehement and outspoken than his com- panions, objected strongly to the assertion, and a battle of words ensued. I do not for a moment call in question your scientific ability, " said the student, " but permit me to remind you of the fact that your remark has gone beyond the sphere proper to this lecture- hall. It has wounded the Christian sentiments of your pupils and I demand a retractation. " The emphasis given to this last remark caused the students to sit up in their seats with a high degree of personal importance and in anxious expectation of the chemist ' s reply. " Demand a retractation ! " he retorted with a sneer. ' ' My con- clusions are the result of ten years experimental research and I shall not retract. " " Are you then bold enough, " shouted the youth, with still more vehemence, " to put your ten years ' of scientific research 2o8 THE REDWOOD. against the universal conclusions of mankind and to make an open profession of atheism before a class of Christian students? We shall not endure such an outrage to our religious belief. " " Indeed! " sneered the professor, meddling the while with several test-tubes in an endeavor to gain a few moments for re- flection. " You gentlemen are young as yet and not accustomed to the mysteries of science. Two years ' study will be sufficient to dispel this wonderful religious delicacy of yours. " He had scarcely finished when all the students arose and left him alone with his tubes and acids. Several days before they had met and decided thus to leave the laboratory if the professor should continue to express his atheistic views. They fearlessly carried out their plan, and on reaching the open they were unan- imous in assenting to their young spokesman ' s sentiments; ' ' Better to drop the course altogether than to be led insensibly to materialism and atheism. " They hoped that the University Regents would sup- port them in their refusal to attend Dr. Wallerton ' s classes especially as the latter was regarded, even by his su- periors, as a curious person, eccentric and cracked. Nor were their hopes frustrated. Two days later the professor of chemistry received a note from President Hartin of the University, telling him that his services were no longer required. The news had been expected and so after reading the letter. Prof. Wallerton plunged into a reverie, not of grief, for he was in- sensible to such feelings, but of anger and revenge. Soon, how- ever, he aroused himself when his niece, a young maiden of eigh- teen, entered the room. She wore her usual smile, until observing the gleam of defiance in her uncle ' s eyes, which she did not under- stand, a cloud of anxiety overshadowed her countenance, and she awaited an explanation. " Clara, " said the professor, reading the look of anxious expec- tation, " I shall leave this house tomorrow morning. My connec- tion with the University has been severed, and though some may imagine that I am crushed, they are sadly mistaken. This is an opportunity I have looked forward to. I have longed for a life of leisure and independent research, and Clara, if you will accom- pany me, your name will be made illustrious in the history of the THE REDWOOD. 209 world. I shall make great discoveries, discoveries that will bring about a new order of things, that will make men revere my power and tremble at the very mention of my name. Will you come with me or must I depart from my only comfort outside of science? " She hesitated, and the professor, realizing that two emotions were in conflict, added that he would expect his answer in the morning, and sank back in his chair to brood over his wrongs. Poor Clara passed a miserable night. Duty bade her go with her uncle, while her personal preferences whispered that she must stay at the University. She thought he would lose his mind if left to himself and to his experiments; and then came her mother ' s dying words: " Stay with your uncle, dear, and try to re- kindle the love of God in his soul. " These were the reasons that urged Clara Digsby to accompany the scientist; but how much more was she swayed by counter influences. To leave her Uni- versity companions, to drop her studies on the very eve of gradua- tion, and pass the rest of her life with a foolish old chemist, per- haps even with an insane man; these thoughts nearly stifled her better sentiments, but they failed to gain complete mastery. She decided to depart even if but to see how she might be able to en- dure the new life. Little did she think of the trials in store for her when on the following morning she off " ered to go with Dr. Wallerton. The news of the professor ' s deposition and of his intended departure had spread among the students, and cruel, thoughtless youngsters, they gathered on either side of the avenue that led to the depot, to wish him a mock " Pleasant journey. " But their surprise was so great on seeing C lara Digsby accompanying the deposed scientist that instead of cheering, as intended, they doffed their hats respect- fully, and politely bade farewell to the most popular young lady of the University. Clara shed bitter tears when she took her seat in the Pullman coach, that was to take her she knew not where. She did not speak a word nor raise her eyes during the entire journey of five hours. She appeared to be in a state of complete forgetful- ness and was as one suddenly aroused from sleep, when, after the long silence, her uncle tapped her on the shoulder and said: " Here, Clara, is our destination. I purchased a little home on 2IO THE REDWOOD. the outskirts of this town some two months ago, when the storm which has now broken over us, began to threaten. " " San Luis Obispo, the home of Mexicans and Portuguese! I shall be lonely indeed, " she thought as she was directed to a buggy by Uncle George. A rather crude looking Mexican with dark sullen eyes held the reins and when Dr. Wallerton and his niece were seated, he started off at a slow pace, passed down the main street of the little town, out into the open country, and turn- ing into a by-way stopped before an isolated little cottage. The house had a gloomy, forlorn appearance which did not add to the poor girl ' s peace of mind. The painter ' s brush was badly needed, and the rank vegetation which overran the yard reminded her, by contrast, of the well kept lawns of the University. Still she would not give way to her feelings. Stepping out of the carriage and picking a handy wildflower which the weeds had not yet killed, she exclaimed: " What a lovely little home you have. Uncle! " " Do you like it? " was the reply. " Well I am glad of that; but wait until you see the interior. " They hastened through the house into the kitchen, and the first things to attract the girl ' s eyes were a number of tubes, jars, and other chemical apparatus that told her more than words could of the future in store for her; a life of dreary monotony and iso- lation. Still she would try to bear with it, for duty ' s sake. It was not long before they had settled down, or at least the professor was soon so intently interested in his experiments that he forgot the rudeness of the students and the " unscientific tem- perament " of the Regents who invited him to leave the University because he insisted on his own way of thinking. Poor Clara tried to adapt herself to circumstances as best she could, and while her uncle was at work all day in his well furnished laboratory she passed her leisure moments in reading and studying. The books which she had used at the University were her only companions. At meal times she seemed interested in her uncle ' s progress, praised his studious habits, and expressed herself in very hopeful terms on the certain success of his researches. Things went on in this same dull, monotonous way for several weeks, and though the town folks often paused and apparently THE REDWOOD. 211 marvelled at the mysterious cottage, with the volume of black smoke constantly surging from the chimney, not the slightest knowledge of such unusual attraction ever reached Clara ' s ears. Pedro, the faithful old Mexican servant, attended to the marketing and all other business, and though riddled with questions by the curious, he gave them little or no satisfaction, taking especial care to observe the strictest silence when any questions were asked him regarding the chemical researches of his master. Naturally enough this solitary confinement and constant work began to tell on Dr. Wallerton. He became sad and gloomy, his sleep was interrupted by terrible dreams, and his niece, disturbed by his nightly shouts, lost not infrequently a great deal of her much needed rest. She became emaciated and pale, but yet des- perately did she stay with the Doctor, who on his part continued his experiments with ever growing earnestness. Clara soon found it necessary to call him to his meals and to prevent him from working late into the night. But with all her cautions he was growing worse and worse daily. ' ' It ' s bound to come! " he would frequently exclaim, and then burst into an hysterical laugh which caused his niece no Httle anxiety. He was losing his mind, that was certain, and the girl realized that something must be done to free herself from possible danger and her uncle from certain ruin. " But what can I do? " she would sob. Thus she fretted and reasoned without any positive step towards self-preservation until one afternoon a shout, as it were of triumph, was heard in the laboratory. It indicated a change in her uncle ' s mind, and poor Clara feared the worst. Putting her ear close to the key-hole, she listened and heard distinctly the trium- phant exclamation " Eureka ! Eureka ! " " What can he have dis- covered? " she thought, and curiosity, mingling with anxiety, urged her to open the door and enter the room. She was bound to solve the mystery, if any there might be, or else ascertain to her satisfaction the nature of the professor ' s work. Nothing unusual met her eyes. The same old experiments, the same pots and jars and bottles scattered about the room. There was, however, a change in the professor. His attention was in- tently fixed upon a small jar in which a liquid similar to alcohol was burning. He seemed as one senseless. The liquid continued 212 THE REDWOOD. to burn, and in a few minutes the jar was empty of its inflammable contents. Without noticing his niece, Dr. Wallerton arose and filled a large tin bucket at the water faucet, while Clara, realizing that her presence was not noticed, walked quietly to one corner of the room and watched his every action. He placed the bucket of water on a small table in the center of the room and pouring into it a few drops from a peculiarly shaped vial, stepped back to watch the result. In a moment the water was ablaze and another hyster- ical laugh from the chemist told the girl that this was the result of her uncle ' s experiments. He had succeeded in making water in- flaTnmable! " And to think he should lose his head over that ! " thought Clara as she slipped out of the room and began to prepare her uncle ' s supper. " It might be useful, economically though, and perhaps now that success has crowned his efforts, Uncle George will come to his senses. Water is so plentiful that it may become a common fuel and save many a poor family from poverty and misery. " These thoughts were occupying the girl ' s mind when the chemist entered, this time without any summons, and sat down to his simple meal. He was calmer than usual, but not a bit less meditative. " Uncle looks a little more cheerful to-night, " said Clara, breaking the usual silence. " Has he been more than usually suc- cessful ? " " Successful ! " he exclaimed, " Yes, Clara, too much so for my enemies. I have it in my power to destroy the world — but I shall not do it, of course. " " To destroy the world! " exclaimed Clara. " What do you mean. Uncle George ? " " I mean what I say as a general rule, and I do not say any- thing until I can prove it; but be not fearful, I shall do no harm while you are with me. " Such was the substance of that night ' s conversation, but it was by no means the end of Clara ' s trouble. When alone in her room several hours later, she knelt down as was her wont, to say her evening prayers, but pray she could not. " Destroy the world, " she pondered; " how can that be ? " The solution occurred immediately. " He could go to San Francisco, drop his noxious THE REDWOOD. 213 liquid into the bay, and " — the thought sent a chill through her veins — " men could not extinguish it. Water would only increase the flames and in a short time the ocean would disappear. " The thought was terrible; Clara could not rest. She was thinking of some possible way of preventing the danger when wild shouts from her uncle ' s room aroused her. It was another night- mare, and Clara, remembering that the secrets of his mind were unveiled in such cases, rushed to the door of his room to listen, and heard the awful death sentence of the human race! I must do it ! I will do it ! Fate urges me on ! and revenge will be mine ! " Clara passed a night of agony; she could not sleep, she could not pray, so vivid was the picture of a burning world with no one to quench the flames. The morning with its bright warm rays came at last, though Clara thought it would never come. Dr. Wallerton appeared for his morning meal, calm as death, but as thoughtful as ever. His appetite was keen, his anxiety to begin work evident, and his niece forced herself to be more than usually attentive to his wants. Breakfast over, he set to work immediately and at her request allowed Clara to watch his experiments. Bucket after bucket of water was burnt with wonderful rapidity. " The strangest part of it all, " said he, " is that the fire thus caused can never be extinguished, and the greater the volume of water the greater the rapidity with which it burns. " " Try it in the bath-tub, " said his niece, who had conceived a plan which if successful would be the salvation of mankind. The bath-room had been converted by the professor into a home-made safe, wherein he kept his delicate instruments and receipts for mixtures known to himself alone and where in fact was now the formula for his ' ' hydro-phegic mixture as he had termed the deadly liquid. The walls were lined with iron plates and the door was one massive piece of steel with a bolt on the out- side to which was attached a lock of his own construction. It was a rude concern, but unassailable, and even if there were no danger from burglars, it served the purpose of quieting the scientist ' s anxiety. The tub was still there, used principally for experiments. The suggestion therefore of Clara to try his hydro-phegic in the tub, the largest available volume of water at his command, was 214 THE REDWOOD. received joyfully, and the two proceeded at once to the homely safe. Turning on the water, Dr. Wallerton looked around for Clara just in time to see the door of the safe close and to hear the bolt pushed into the socket. He called aloud, but there was no answer. He beat ruthlessly against the iron door, but no one seemed with- out. Despair for a moment seized him and he sat down to think, not of destroying the world, but of saving his own life. Breathing the air of the room for two hours meant suffocation, while perhaps an hour would result in insanity. In the meantime Clara was hurrying down the main street of San Luis Obispo to inform the police of her action and to explain its cause. They laughed at her when she made mention of inflam- mable water and the possible consequences; but partly through curiosity, and partly through sense of duty they accompanied her to the isolated cottage. Pedro came out to welcome the posse, but on observing Clara, he returned to the stable, while the girl conduct- ed the officers to the door of the safe. " He is there, " she said, pointing to the bath-room. " Be very careful when you open the door, as he may spring upon you and do some injury. " There was, however, no cause for fear. One of the officers removed the bolt; not a sound was heard within, but the room was filled with a disagreeable gas which caused the visitors to sneeze violently. Soon, however, the noxious vapor had been sufficiently dissipated and the police, followed by Clara Digs- by, entered the small room. There in one corner lay the lifeless body of Dr. Wallerton, the great scientist. Clara swooned. The thought that she had killed her uncle was too much for her over- taxed nerves, and yet when consciousness returned an hour later, she felt satisfied that she had done her duty, painful though it had been; she was even elated in reading a note addressed to her in her uncle ' s handwriting which was found beside the dead body. " Dear Clara: " It read, " If this note should reach you when I am gone, as I soon shall be, for I feel already the suffocating effect of my hydro-phegic mixture which is rapidly evaporating, publish to the world the last message of a proud and self-conceited man. I, George Wallerton, chemist, former head master of the THE REDWOOD. 215 laboratory at CumtQersmith, now a helplessly doomed criminal, hav- ing devoted my life to experimental research, have lived and taught and worked as if there were no God. It was not my suc- cess that made me an atheist, but the evil principles of my early education. The more I advanced in knowledge, the more I was drawn to admit the existence of an all-ruling Providence. I strug- gled against the admission and the struggle ruined me. In discovering this Aj dro-pAegic, which, is now causing my death, I realized how many secrets are withheld from man and for what good reason. The all-ruling God whom in my rashness I de- nied has now smitten me and my discovery. Woe to the human race when it is His pleasure that the secret be again discovered. I have destroyed my papers, and the death sentence of the human race, though signed by me, was not ratified by the Almighty. I die repentant, my dear niece, and if you still love me, pray for my soul, for God is not only powerful, He is good as well. Your dying Uncle, George. " J. V. McClatchy, Special ' 06. 2i6 THE REDWOOD. QUID PRODEST ? (When Ignatius of Loyola and Francis Xavier were studying at the University of Paris, Ignatius repeatedly urged his companion to " higher things " by the words of Scripture: " What doth it profit etc. " The following is an attempt to poetize that appeal, which had such a glorious effect on the after life of Xavier.) When thou hast reared a name Mighty, revered, — when Fame, Where victVy ' s clarion rings, Thy glorious lineage flings Before all men; When at thy single nod. Or wave of princely rod. Thousands will bend the knee And homage pay to thee With empty glory crowned; — what then? What then? If thou could ' St press a throne In might and power alone. If thou could ' st rule the world And all its wealth unfurled Before thy gaze; Would ' St thou then be at rest With this world ' s greatness blest? Soon it would pass away Quick as the blooms of May, Quick as the sun-pierced beads of morning ' s haze. THE REDWOOD. 217 Is there a creature made That does not quickly fade? A joy that can endure A bliss, all simple, pure, Except the soul Adorned with God ' s own grace? No legions can efface Its happiness and rest; Though here with misery pressed It rises victor o ' er earth ' s strife and dole. What doth it profit then To court the ways of men, To toil the proud among, To join the restless throng Who love the world; — If in the end thy soul Missing th ' appointed goal, Languish ' neath Heaven ' s frown, — Lost thine eternal crown. And thou thyself to endless woe be hurled? Let then the wicked rear Mansions of glory here. Thou with a soul to save Thou whom the Lord God gave A generous heart; Look at the nations lost. On sin ' s rough tempests tossed. 2i8 THE REDWOOD. Think of the Savior ' s blood Shed on the bitter Rood And gird the sword of zeal to do thy part. What though the storm-cloud lower? What though helPs mightiest power Press on thine anguished soul? Fear not sweet sorrow ' s dole; It lasts not long. Look at thine own rough past; A torn and broken mast Is all thou canst now claim. What then is earthly fame Compared with bliss the saints of God among? James Comerford, Special Senior, THE REDWOOD. 219 THE POLICY or PIUS X. It is quite natural that the policy of the Supreme Head of Christendom should attract universal attention. From the time when St. Peter entered Rome exclaiming, " Babylon, Babylon! " until the dawn of the twentieth century, the Apostolic See has been instrumental, positively or negatively, in making history positively, whenever in the Providence of God it has had a hear- ing among the children of men, negatively whenever through prejudice or more unworthy motives, its voice has been unheeded or disrespected. It was the church of Rome that encountered and vanquished the old pagan monster of iniquity. Though weak in the eyes of the world and dispicable and pitted against the greatest empire earth had ever seen, though composed of but a handful of aged men, women and children, it came forth to meet the imperial foe and with the strength of God conquered. It was the Church of Rome, headed by the Supreme Pontiff Leo the great, that put a stop to the devastating march of the northern barbarians. It was the Catholic Church that secured political independence to Europe during the Middle Ages, when at the voice of her Pontiffs thous- ands and hundreds of thousands marched against the invading Moslems and Turks. It was under her fostering care and patron- age that literature, painting, sculpture, music grew into consum- mate perfection in mediaeval Italy. On the other hand what ter- rible havoc was spread through Europe by the anti-Roman Re- formers! So throughout history, Rome has ever been a beacon to those who seek the light, and a rock of offense to such as prefer the dark. When, therefore, the humble man of God, Monsignor Sarto, was called from his beloved Venice to the throne of Peter, all men willing or unwilling, in communion with or estranged from Rome, felt that a new epoch was opening, because with a new Pope and new policies and a new regime in the Vatican, some new develop ments of world-wide importance might naturally be expected. Hence while lamenting the death of the glorious Pontiff Leo XIII the secular press devoted large space to the prospects of the com- 220 THE REDWOOD. ing years; while hailing the election of Cardinal Sarto with joy, men of thought began to reason on its possible significance. Naturally enough, because there are diverse points of view whence men contemplate important happenings, the surmises and conjectures were various and even conflicting. On one point, however, the personal characteristics of Pope Pius X, they seem to agree. His ' ' warm-heartedness, " his " sym- pathy not for abstractions but for men of flesh and blood, " his " hatred not for criminals but for all manner of evil, " " his charity, " " his humility, " " his amiability, " his " zeal kindled by the fire of divine love and capable of purifying whatever it touches " — all these encomiums have gone the round of the press unchallenged and undoubted. His past career is an open book and all men can read therein the character of the man whom God has raised to the supreme Episcopate. But his future career? Now eome the con lectures and the theories. There is no use objecting, men will theorize and theor- ize from their own point of view. Their object-lense may not be adjusted properly, their eye-piece may be prismatic, with all the hues of personal prejudice, but they imagine that both instrument and observer are correct, and publish the result of their investiga- tions boldly and emphatically. To the Catholic who believes that the Holy Spirit will direct the church in all things essential for its well being, the conjectures of these students of contemporary his- tory appear amusing, but as a rule they indicate the trend of modern thought and may be examined with profit. Prof. Josiah Royce of Harvard has from his little coign e of vantage given a rather pessimistic view of the future: " Will the new Pope, " he writes in the Boston Transcript (July 20) " under- take to bring to a pause the evolutions of these tendencies towards a reform of Catholic Philosophy, and towards an era of good-feeling between Catholic aud non-Catholic science and scholarship? I confess to a good deal of doubt upon this subject. I confess also that I am rather disposed to anticipate a reaction against all this natural, but, as I fancy, officially unexpected growth that has taken place in the world of Catholic scholarship, within the last two decades. The Catholic Church is to-day, as of old an institu- tion under the control of men to whom scholarship and even wis- THE RE DWOOD. 221 dom will always be secondary to motives of a decidedly worldly sort. I cannot hope that the officials will, in the long run, tolerate the philosophers unless the latter show themselves less vital in their inquiries, and less eager in their mental activities than they recently have been. " But what an admirable opportunity for a genuine spiritual growth will be lost if Leo ' s revival of Catholic philosophy has even its first fruits cut off and is not permitted to bear the still richer fruit that, in case it is unhindered, it will some day surely bring forth. " The tendencies to which the Professor refers are certain lib- eral views " maintained with various modifications by men whose position amongst the faithful seems, at least, when viewed from without, to be quite secure. " We know of no such liberal move- ment ourselves, nor of the necessity of a reform of Catholic Philos- ophy or of a time when there was anything but good-feeling be- tween Catholic and non-Catholic science and scholarship, but we are not examining the validity of the Professor ' s doctrine; we wish merely to see his idea of the future of Catholicity. An article in the Independent allied in spirit with the opinions of Professor Royce, has the same ridiculous statements about " the progressive thought and learning of the world, " — as if there was anything to fear from Rome in this regard; Rome that has given more encouragement to science, and art, and scholarship than all other agencies combined. " We do )iot know, " says the writer, " what Pope Pius X is or what he is likely to do. We know only good of him; but that good is in the line of personal character and local administration; and what he may be as a statesman and what may be his attitude toward the progressive thought and learning of the world, we know not. It is very much to know that he is not taken with the pomps and gauds which make the Pope a Uving idol to be wor- shipped. He appears to be the sort of man who would want to kick the lips that would kiss his toe, the kind of a man whom Dr. McGlynn wanted to see, who would walk down Broadway in a frock-coat and a silk hat. " The Christian Evangelist (St. Louis) not content with conject- ures as to the future of the Pontiff goes so far as to suggest what 222 THE REDWOOD. policy he ought to pursue. " It is greatly to be desired, " it says, " that the new Pope shall see as much of the world as possible and that he shall occasionally go to places where his progress will not be accompanied by a wave of bowing heads and bending knees. A tour through the United States or Great Britain incognito would do wonders for him. But, of course, he will not take it. " The Presbyterian Banner (Pittsburg) is more logical, because more consistent with its Protestant spirit, than the foregoing jour- nals. It cannot see anything to look forward to, anything to hope for, except that through the goodness of God the new Pope may remain a " good man, pure in character, pious in spirit and able and wise in the administration of his great office. " It says fur- ther: ' Protestanism has nothing to expect from Pius X more than what it received from Leo XIII. It is interested in his per- sonality and character as the head of the largest communion of Christians in the world. But while the Pope has changed, the papacy is practically the same. It will maintain the same preten- tions of supreme authority, teach the same errors of doctrine, and continue to deny the precious rights and liberties that Protestant- ism wrested from it at the cost of a century of struggle and blood. The character of the Pope does not change the essential character of the papacy, and Protestantism will still confront it and maintain its own right and mission. " Thus far we have given outside views only, not that the con- jectures are confined to outsiders; but because to a Catholic, securely lodged in the ancient citadel of Roman Christianity, it is interesting to study the views of such as wander in the world with- out — in the world of protest and — but we will not call it darkness, for the light of Catholicity still spreads its benign infiucDce over the world, still warms and vivifies men ' s hearts though they realize it not. It cannot always pierce the gloom, it cannot always free men from the darkness of self sufficiency and conceit; but still it shines with ever increasing splendor and brilliancy and will con- tinue forever thus to shine, because it is but a reflection of the Light of God ' s own Countenance. Not reaHzing this fact, men may talk of the encroachment of the Papacy, of the possible reac- tions in scientific liberalism; and though it is amusing to hear them talk, it is none the less lamentable that they should regard THE REDWOOD. 223 the Papacy as a mere human institution, full of political schemes and intrigues, upheld by men " to whom scholarship and even wis- dom will always be secondary to motives of a decidedly worldly sort. " Passing now from the outside views to the Catholic estimate of the new Pope, we shall find a wonderful unanimity of senti- ment. Whatever might be thought of the man, the priest or the bishop, the Catholic goes beyond it in his estimate of the Pope, and views in him the vice-gerent of Christ, the visible head of the Church of Christ, the teacher and the guide of the human race, the infallible interpreter of Christian dogma. As a man, as a priest, as a prince he may err, though, judging from past actions, the errors are not apt to be of a serious nature; but as Pope he is raised up by God to rule the consciences of those who are so blessed as to submit in matters of faith and morals to the successor of St. Peter. This is the Catholic estimate, an estimate as change- less and unvarying as the Church itself, the simple majesty of which stands out more conspicuously only when it is set side by side with the blind and wavering estimates of speculating non- Catholics. But the time of speculation has passed. Pope Pius X has spoken to the world; he has explained himself and there can no longer be any doubt of his policy. In his first Encyclical (and what a beautiful encyclical it is!) he tells his subjects and the world what, with the peace of God, he means to do. After perus- ing the opinions quoted above, some might be led to expect a dis- sertation on the progress of chemical research, or on the gigantic strides of physical science, but no; he directs his first attention to things of a higher, nobler sphere, to things supernatural and eter- nal. He is the great Father of Christendom, and though he may, as time goes on, speak of purely secular affairs, his first thought is of souls. And so he begins his Pontificiate by giving his opinion of the human society from a spiritual standpoint. " Who can fail to see that society is now, more than at any past age, suffering from a terrible and deep-rooted malady which, developing every day and eating into its inmost being, is drag- ging it to distraction? You understand, venerable brothers, (he is addressing his fellow Bishops) what this disease is — apostasy from 224 I ' HK REDWOOD. God; than which in truth nothing is more allied with ruin, accord- ing to the word of the prophet, ' For behold, they that go far from Thee shall perish. ' " This is his uncompromising statement at the outset of his Pon- tificate; this is the condition of society as viewed from his elevated position; this is the monster against which he is to work. And in his own humble way he tells us how he regards the task committed to him, how at first he recoiled from it in terror; but being chosen by the finger of God, he intends to enter upon it, though arduous and gigantic. " We saw, therefore, that in virtue of the ministry of the Pon- tificate which was to be intrusted to us, we must hasten to find a remedy for the great evil, considering as addressed to us that di- vine command: %o, I have set thee this day over the nations and over kingdoms, to root up, and to pull down and to waste and to destroy and to build and to plant. ' But, cognizant of our weak- ness, we recoiled in terror from a task as urgent as it is arduous. " Since, however, it has been pleasing to the Divine Will to raise our lowliness to sublimity of power, we take courage in Him who strengthens us, and, setting ourselves to work, relying on the power of God, we proclaim that we have no other programme in the Supreme Pontificate but that of restoring all things in Christ, •so that Christ may be all and in all. ' Some will certainly be found who, measuring Divine things by human standards, will seek to discover secret aims of ours, distorting them to an earthly scope and to partisan designs. To eliminate all vain delusion for such, we say to them, with emphasis, that we do not wish to be, and with divine assistance never shall be, aught before human society but the minister of God, of Whose authority we are depos- itory. The interests of God shall be our interests, and for these we are resolved to spend all our thoughts and our very life. Hence should any one ask us for a symbol as the expression of our will, we shall give this and no other: ' ' TO RENEW ALIy THINGS IN CHRIST. " What a simple programme, and still how sublime ! The won- der is, whether men like Mr. Josiah Royce can understand it. The ideas of political intrigue are so deeply imbedded in their nature, that they view all things in the light of their own mind. Worldly THE REDWOOD. 225 notions and worldly aspirations have blotted out all the higher sentiments and they are at times, engaged in that " sacrilegious war " of which Pius X speaks, that is now almost everywhere stirred up and fomented against God. " " For in truth the nations have raged and the peoples imag- ined vain things against their Creator, so frequent is the cry of the enemies of God, ' Depart from us. ' And as might be expected we find extinguished among the majority of men all respect for the Eternal God and no regard paid in manifestations of public and private life to the Supreme Will — nay, every effort and artifice is used to destroy utterly the memory and knowledge of God. " Surely this is a dreadful picture and yet how true! Look at the ministers of France driving thousands of men and women into exile for no other offense than that of doing good! " Verily, " exclaimed the Pontiff, ' no one of sound mind can doubt the issue of the contest between man and the Most High. Man abusing his liberty can violate the right and majesty of the Creator of the universe; but the victory will ever be with God — nay, defeat is nearest at the very moment when man, under the delusion of his triumph, rises up with most audacity. Of this we are assured in the Holy Books by God Himself. Unmindful, as it were, of his strength and greatness. He ' overlooks the sins of men, ' but swiftly after these apparent retreats, ' awaked like a mighty man that hath been surfeited with wine, ' ' He shall break the heads of his enemies ' that all may know ' that God is King of all the earth, ' that the Gentiles may know themselves to be men. ' " It is needless to follow the encyclical further. The Vicar of Christ merely points out the method of warfare, which he and his brother bishops should follow; prayer, works of zeal, charity and learning. And not a word about his political ideas ? Yes, he has spoken on this point also, and so spoken that there can be no doubt as to his position on the question of " Temporal Power. " Speaking in conclusion about restoring all things in Christ, he depicts the ideal state of society that would result from such a glorious achievement. " And then? " he adds, " Then, at last, will it be clear to all that the Church, such as it was instituted by Christ, must enjoy full and active liberty and independence of all foreign dominion; and we, in demanding that same liberty, are 226 THE REDWOOD. defending not only the sacred rights of religion, but are also con- sulting the common weal and safety of nations. " We have endeavored thus to show the contrast between the actual policy of Pius X, and the suppositions of those wise ones, who pretend to foresee every possible development in human and superhuman affairs. It is not surprising that there is a contrast. Men were wrong in their speculations as to who the new pope would be; it is but consistent on their part to be wrong in their conjectures about his policy. They will evidently consider this first encyclical a non-entity in the policy of Pius X, they will wait until he expresses himself on some more important " ques- tion; on science, on education, on marriage, and then, perhaps, arrayed in all the power of self-conceit, they may cry out against the encroachment of the Papacy. It will always be thus, the Church will ever be an object of suspicion, of hatred and horror to the world; but this very fact is her best credential of Divine origin. " If you were of the world, the world would love its own; but because you are not of the world, because I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you. " RAI.PH C. Harrison, ' 05. THE REDWOOD. 227 THE PIGSniN TOURNAMENT. Down by the steel bars running parallel, A spacious field there is marked off with lime, Compared by some inventive geniuses Unto a gridiron, not that it is used For purposes of flaying, but in shape And form some slight resemblance has To the utensil known in kitchen lore. Thither the students flock from time to time To watch the tide of battle on the field That surges to and fro from end to end. Resulting now in victory, now defeat. When smiling victory on their banner lights. Shouts, cheers and cries of awful din Awake the neighboring mountains to reply; But when misfortune brings to them defeat. Downcast and sad they wend their homeward way And burn with anger to renew the fight. Today the crowded bleachers murmur, sown With youthful faces and with holiday, E ' en as a garden decked in varied hues Smiles joyful ' neath the rays of noon-day sun; So sat the multitude of anxious youths With hues and colors sporting in the sun; Nor, sat in silence; one, with ribboned wand Raised high in air, gave signal for a shout That like a blast of trumpets rose and rose, And falling on the distant hills provoked The sleeping Echo from her haunts and played About the lime-marked field, — then died away. Thus sat the students waiting for the strife. 228 THE REDWOOD. When Johnnie Regan came upon the field, And with their chief, the squad of youthful knights Well cased in moleskin. E ' en as a flock of sheep From pasture winding to their drinking place At eventide, well pleased the shepherd sees; So pleased did Johnnie see the dauntless squad And placed them in positions left and right. Discriminating. Sore at heart some left The field and longed to battle ' gainst the foe; The chosen ones rejoiced and throbbed their hearts With anxious glee to think that they were chosen. Meanwhile from out the training house appeared The foe: — without or fear or dread, they came And sporting, practiced for a while. Soon Keleher, than whom no man more famed For justice, gave the signal to begin. Along the line that cuts in twain the field The Palo Alto warriors ranged, and bowed They touch the earth with knees and hand; Each couches low, then rising changes oft His couchant watch, as when a lion hath spied Some gentle fawns at play and bides his time To leap and grip them in his deadly paw. So couched each warrior of the purple hue; While down the field, spread out in diverse form The wearers of the red and white await The rising of the ball, the kick-off called. Anon, the shrill clear sound of whistle given, The ball elliptic rises high and falls In open arms of Cowing, swift of foot; Around him rush the gathering crowd, and some Are anxious for an onward movement, some THE REDWOOD. 229 Exerting all their strength resolve to stay The carrier of the ball e ' en in his tracks! A mighty mass is formed, a moving heap Of human beings, swaying to and fro; But Cowing bold, unmindful of the crowd Breaks from it and adown the field alone Darts madly goal wards, gripping hard the ball, And, off ' ring straight-arm pushes on each side. O ' er many a yard forces victorious way. Hard after him the Palo Alto men Gave chase till one full light of limb, a youth Born on the bleak Sierras ' mid the snows Leapt through the air, and round the runners knees Threw both his arms and pulled with wondrous might. Brave Cowing fell, as falls the poplar tall Or lofty pine which on the mountain top For some proud ship the woodman ' s axe hath hewn; And uttering cry of woe he bit the dust. Meanwhile from off the ground where stunned they lay Unconscious for a moment, rise the men Of either side, while Keleher the just Called time-out to the keeper of the watch. ' Twas then John Regan of the strong right arm, Blue-eyed and gentle as the first of May, Addressed his comrades brave with winged words : ' Tellows, in close encounter stand ye firm; Buck hard and low and fast. Not long, methinks Will Palo Alto densely massed withstand Our onslaught. Be active, ready, bold, And we ere long will place the pigskin safe Across the line and swell the score by five. " His words fresh courage raised in every breast; 230 THE REDWOOD. And Cowing bold, new winded and intent On victory rises from the ground and takes His stand as guard. Anon brave Eddie Hallinan was heard To utter sounds, with meaning to his men, But dark and blind unto the other side. He spoke: and all, as one essayed to urge The ball, ' mid rallying cheers, across the line And raged in shadow of the goal the fight. With dust clouds rising high, and in the throng Each man with keen desire of victory burned. The third down came, with goal to gain And Jedd McClatchy, nursed beneath the shade Of California ' s stately Capitol, Received the pigskin round, but one, a ' rube, " Met him advancing and across the brow Smote him above the nose; quick rushed the blood, And in the dust the sturdy warrior dropped. The umpire pointing to the field beyond Motioned the offender off while thus he spoke : " Shame on ye all, so thirsty for foul play! Back to the wildernesses whence ye came! " Thus Keleher, and all the bleachers rang Applause, nor lingered long the rude. Uncouth, foul player on the field. Now had the ball passed to the other side And Santa Clara ' s men spread out to block, If that were possible, the foeman ' s kick, Or grasp the runner round the flanks if he Essayed an end run or a center buck. Nor coward-like did they encounter shun, But firmly stood as stands the mountain boar THE REDWOOD. 231 Self-confident, that in some lonely spot Awaits the clamorous chase; bristless his back, His eyes with fire are flashing and his tusks He whets, on men and dogs prepared to rush; So stood the brave Sir Fisher; George by name. So stood the brave Sir James Brazell, and so Each warrior of the red and white stood firm. The foemen tried to kick, but it was blocked, And rolled the ball on other side of goal. Prone in the dust a Palo Alto man Fell hard and clutched the ball: he thrice essayed To rise, but thrice was pinioned to the spot Where lay the ball: a safety it is called. And Marquis Mike O ' Reilly manager, Meek as a gentle fawn of pigmy size, Felt in his heart a thrill of wild delight. Not long it was ere once again the ball Arose and tracing through the tranquil air A neat parabola, it fell with force Right into Jedd McClatchy ' s open arms. He started with the lightning speed of him Called Mercury, the winged god of yore. Nor had he covered many yards ere one Of the opposing crowd had laid him low And sat upon his palpitating breast, Lest he should rise again. Such is the game! And now the ball was given us, and now The enemy received it to essay Advance; but never urged it many yards. Nor ever brought it nigh unto the goal. But swayed from side to side about the line That Quts the field in twain, the center-mark. 232 THE REDWOOD. Nor did the strife thus dubious not move The multitude upon the bleachers, who Were watching it with anxious beating hearts And longing for a touch-down that would swell The score beyond defeat; for as it stood A run around the end might win the day For the opposing team, if he who ran Encountered not the strong right arm of some To lay him prostrate in the clinging dust. And so they shouted when their side advanced And held their peace when the opponents moved The ball two yards or haply three or four. Meanwhile beneath the shadow of the goal With sombre clouded face stood Peter Kell. He looked, and lo! the foe had now the ball; Adown the field they forced it yard by yard, Nor could the strength of Ivers or Brazell Withstand the impetus, such was its might. With every down they gained. Rallied the men But still they gained and could not be pushed back. Encouraged by the many yards ' advance They try a fake, nor with a small success; Around the right end all their men are sent And piled up high by Joe Jamora ' s fall, But round on left the ball is seen to move Beneath the arm of one of lightning speed. He gains: in chase eleven men are seen, Regan, McClatchy, Fisher, Boo Brazell. Fitzgerald, Ramos, Hallinan and Jones, Spridgen, Ivers and Olivares fierce. He passed them all but Eddie Hallinan; Onward he came, and Eddie stood full bold THE REDWOOD. 233 Facing a runner twice his size and weight. He came full fast, then high in air he jumped As though he meant to clear the sturdy youth; But did not clear him. — Quick as lightning flash The youngster caught the foot of him who jumped, And hurled him to the ground. The whistle blew And time was up. The game was won and lost — Won by the warriors of the red and white And lost by those of Palo Alto famed In pig-skin circles for their wondrous night. Ed. Comerford, ' 06. T liidiifootU PUBI.ISHED MONTHI.Y BY THE STUDENTS OF SaNTA CI.ARA COI I.EGE. The object of The Redwood is to record our College Doings, to give proof of College Industry and to knit closer together the hearts of the Boys of the Present and of the Past. editorial staff. Editor-in-Chief - - John M. Regan, ' 04 Business Manager - - - John W, Byrnes, ' 06 associate editors. Literary - - - Martin V. Merle, X ' ST Francis H. Moraghan, ' 04 College Notes - - - Kdward L. Kirk, ' 05 Athletics - - - Edwin Comerford, ' 06 Alumni John Collins, ' 04 assistant business managers. M. R. O ' Reilly, ' 06 Baldo Ivancovich, ' 06 Angelo Quevedo, ' 05 Address all communications to The Redwood, Santa Clara College, California Terms of subscription, $1.50 a year; single copies, 15 cents. EDITORIALS. THANKSGIVING DAY. The one religious festival of America is at hand, a festival not of reparation, praise or contrition, or even of petition, but of grati- tude, and thus quite typical of the self-satisfaction and optimism of the nation. Everybody knows how necessary is this gratitude for blessings received from Almighty God during the past; everybody realizes what a noble virtue it is; some, too, live up to their con- victions in the matter, though unfortunately there are many who do not seem to have in view the countless gifts bestowed upon THE REDWOOD. 235 them that demand a grateful recognition of the Goodness and Mercy of their Creator. We might be permitted, therefore, to touch briefly on some of the blessings that call for thanksgiving, but, as the feast is universal, observed by Catholics and Protestants, Jews and Heathens, we shall mention one gift only and that of the nat- ural order. There are very few people in this world who do not enjoy life, and there are fewer still who do not realize that life was given to them, without any effort of their own, and s preserved for them by some Power, over which they have no control. Man looks about him with joy and gladness, admires the beauties of mother earth, prides himself on his vigor and prowess, lords it over the vegetable and animal kingdoms, and with head erect struts to and fro upon this wagging planet, as a sovereign prince and ruler. He is sometimes seen surrounded by lackeys and flatterers, occupying great places and dictating to his fellow men. At other times he gathers his family about the fire-side and rejoices with great joy because he is supremely content, possessing all that he desires, wealth, health and honor; and yet but a few years ago he was not! He knows that he had no part in acquiring life, he knows that these few years were given to him for some ulterior purpose, and that he is in all truth dependent upon the Creator for the life that is his. But more convincing still are the facts that tell him of his de- pendence on God for preservation. See how on all sides lurk the ministers of death; bacilli of every shape and form, tuberculosis, typhoid, typhus germs and a thousand other invisible monsters ready at a moment ' s notice to spring upon him and eat away his very entrails. He has seen their havoc on others, he has seen the bright rosy color of a friendly face suddenly disappear, the knees weaken, and gradually but surely, the eyes close in death, and he knows that the same fate might be his, if the guarding Hand of an Invisible God did not sustain him. But men will tell us that they are proof against these venom- ous insects. Perhaps they are; but let us suppose that the air they breathe was abandoned by the sustaining Hand of Provid- ence. What then? Could all men together succeed In making one cubic inch of this all essential article? Never ! Then again, 236 THE REDWOOD. masters of the earth though we be, what power is it that directs our course through space and prevents innumerable possible col- lisions? We are flying in the face of mightier bodies and one little swing to the right or left would mean ruin and combustion terrible to imagine. Thus then if we look upon life from a mere natural stand- point, we must acknowledge our dependence and utter insignifi- cance, and acknowledging this we must bend the knee and thank the Eternal God, in whom we breathe and move and have our being. LENIENCY VS. BlOOtt. In these days when, barring cases in which corruption and chicanery intervene, rigid severity seems to be the predominant spirit of our courts of justice, it is refreshing to find occasional in- stances of well directed leniency. Not that leniency should in all cases displace rigor, nor that justice should be tampered with for ;any consideration; but many and many a time erring humanity can be recalled by kindness and the unfortunate victim of circum- stances receive again the " upward looking and the light. " A case in point has but recently come to our notice, and, though appar- ently insignificant in itself, it shows a largeness of heart and a ten- der sensibility unduUed by the variegated experiences of the court room. It may seem at first sight undeserving of comment, but, if we bear in mind this; that great deeds are the outgrowth of smaller ones, we shall not deem the fact insignificant. Here are the particulars. A police judge of San Francisco had before him a boy charged with vagrancy. The testimony against the youth was conclusive; there was no flaw in the evi- dence, and seemingly no excuse for the culprit. He had come from Montana to seek employment at Emeryville, and, his money failing, he was forced to stay in San Francisco and " vag " it. Such was his story, and it seemed a clear case for the reform school or the jail. Most judges would find no reason for hesitation. The case was clear; the boy was a vagrant, and the law provided a penalty. This particular judge, however, acted not according to the letter, but the spirit of the law. An experienced reader of THE REDWOOD. 237 character, he saw in the young lad ' s face some indications of truth and ambition; he realized that penal servitude might mean ruin, but then again he knew that if dismissed, the boy would be no better off than before and would in all probabiUty return to his woeful habits. Such were the difficulties that confronted the judge, and simi- lar ones have, we doubt not, been met by other administrators of justice, and it is under such circumstances that we recommend leniency, not the careless leniency of dismissal, but the generous leniency exemplified in the present case. The judge thought that he would give the lad another chance and in fact an opportunity to improve. Out of his own pocket, he gave the unfortunate youth enough money to go where employment awaited him. It was a small sum perhaps, but the motive was noble and indicative of a generous heart; it proved as nothing else could that the judge had an interest in the well being of his fellow man, no matter who that man might be; it bespoke above all a spirit of Christian char- ity and manliness, which demands attention and respect, wherever it is found. PINDAR IC. It was the old Grecian Pindar of ore prof undo fame, that said: ' The final test of man ' s valor is the best, " and if, with apologies to the illustrious bard, we apply the saying to our foot-ball heroes, the result will prove very satisfactory. Needless it is to go through the trials that had to be encountered during the season; the loss, through injuries of Captain Regan ' s services, the retire- ment of John Ivancovich and Joe Griffin, the sprained wrist and bronchitis of Thomas Feeney,the cancelling of dates by teams with whom we wished to compete, and so on without end. All these difficulties we have seen, but we have been successfully piloted over them by the heroic work of Captain Feeney and Manager Fran Farry. They have brought the season to a successful and happy end, and when on the evening of Nov. loth we assembled in the old dining hall for the foot-ball banquet, there was no one among the students who did not feel proud of the noble work done for the team under such adverse circumstances by our manager 238 THE REDWOOD. and captain; there was no one who did not feel that to them is due gratitude and absolute trust; and so in the name of the students we thank them for their triumph over misfortune. " THE VICE OF READING. " In our last issue we offered some suggestions of our own on the manifold abuses that have recently been spreading among the " reading public. " Since then we have read some very forcible comments on the same subject. The October number of t i North American Review has a very thoughtful article on the " Vice of Reading , " in which the writer endeavors to give this popular craze a rather prominent place among our modern vices. It seems to be a combination of pride, self-conceit, vanity, curiosity, laziness and intemperance, and every one who realizes what a terrible aspect accompanies these vices when taken individually can im- agine the enormity of their resultant. It is not the reading of trash that the author refers to, but " reading per se, the habit of read- ing, " which though regarded as a virtue and even " ranked among such seasoned virtues as thrift, sobriety, early rising and regular exercise, " is a moral disorder strenuously to be combated. Of course the writer is referring to that sort of reading de- scribed in our last issue as gormandizing, and though we cannot assent to all she maintains, we hold strongly to the proposition that: " Reading ?r se is not a virtue. " We add, moreover, that the tendency to read everything that is talked about as popular may, and when not checked in time frequently does develop into a vice. Another very able contribution on the subject is from the pen of Mr. Theodore Bonnet of San Francisco. It is not of the same nature as the one referred to above, but it is so full of common sense remarks that we do not hesitate to quote it somewhat largely. " No sooner, " writes Mr. Bonnet, " has the ' habit of reading, ' that much prayed for step towards the millenium, fastened itself upon the populace, when the same voices, or to be more accurate, voices from the same class who urged and argued in its favor, are raised in protest. From all sides we hear the complaint that there is too much read- ing, that constant reading weakens the power of independent THE REDWOOD. 239 thought, that people read when they should be otherwise em- ployed. Intellectual dram-drinking and mental debauchery are amongst the other terms of reproach and apparently there will soon be a movement on foot to discourage the book-habit. Read- ing has been put to the same abuses as has every newlv discovered cure-all, and having failed to accomplish the impossible, it is meet- ing the fate of all dethroned idols. Theoretically, if people could only be made to read, the whole population of the earth would speedily become not only enlightened, but learned. To have a book in hand was in itself a virtue, no matter what the book itself chanced to be. But people have been educated in late years to avoid thinking at all times. They have been encouraged to read for diversion and not for instruction. Children have been coaxed through the kindergarten and primary grades by means of stories and games, and the classics have been adapted to the understand- ing of the advanced pupils. Sociology, finance and every other abstraction is rendered popular by means of dialogue. Religion is a novel. So-called problems which could be solved by applying one of the Ten Commandments are discussed through five hundred pages of fiction and left an open question in the end. Even those comparatively few readers who have a reputation for the pro- fundity and solidity of the books they select will be found to patronize popular science, in which the scientific idea is sacrificed to the popular, so that they are neither the one thing nor the other. Some one has aptly described a vast quantity of this stuff as pep- tonized reading tablets. But it is not reading that should really bear the blame for all this. People must have occupation of some sort, and modern improvements have made way with many of the old-fashioned time-killers. The experiment of building a royal road to learning has proved a failure. In trying to make educa- tion both universal and popular it has b en made too easy. The process has been akin to the saying of old-country folk about sugaring the soap in order to get the boys to wash themselves. Every exertion has been spared to pupils, and instead of teaching them to surmount obstacles they have learned only to sit down and wait till some one removes the obstructions for them. Ivong ago pupils who ' quit school ' because it was too hard for them were under a ban, but now, let it be hinted at that brains are exerted 240 THE REDWOOD. and immediately there is a toning down of requirements, so that, between the class who read mechanically, because they do not k now what else to do, and those who are deluded into the belief that they are accomplishing great things by devoting themselves to abridgments, adaptations and digests, and reading so many hours a day, just as they would practice scales and finger exer- cises, small wonder that no great good is accomplished by looking at printed pages. " THE REDWOOD. 241 COLLEGE NOTES. The Golden Jubilee of our Archdiocese. The Feast ol All Saints was celebrated with unusual solemnity this year, because on that day was commemorated the Fiftieth An- niversary of the foundation of our Archdiocese. Rev. Father Rector said Mass in the students ' chapel, where during the re- mainder of the day the Blessed Sacrament was exposed for ador- ation. At no time during the day was the chapel without a num- ber of prayerful students, for besides the Sanctuary boys who were appointed for adoration at regular intervals, the students at large sacrificed their hours of play to spend some time before the Altar, to thank Almighty God for the steady growth of Catholicity in California and to pray for a continuance of His blessings. In the evening Rev. Father Riordan of San Francisco, a former Rector of the College, delivered the sermon, in which he traced the history of the Archdiocese from the time of its foundation to the present day, showed how Providence had directed and ren- dered fruitful the work of its priests and religious communities, and ended by paying a fitting tribute of honor to the two men, to whom, under God, this rapid and prosperous growth is due, the Most Rev. Joseph Alemany, O. P., and the Most Rev. P. W. Riordan, the present Archbishop of San Francisco. With a solemn Te Deum and Benediction of the Most Blessed Sacrament, the celebration was brought to a close and everybody felt that the solemnity was altogether in keeping with the nature of the Jubilee, a time of rejoicing and thanksgiving, for the past, and of hopeful prayer for future blessings. Dr. Sundberg ' s Lecture. A Swede by descent, a Dane by birth, an American by adop- tion, and a ' Native Son ' by choice, " was the characteristic way in which Dr. Sundberg introduced himself on the evening of Nov. 3, 242 THE REDWOOD. when he delivered his lecture on The Orient, " before a large gathering of town-folk and students. Dr. Sundberg, for some time United States Consul at Bagdad and a " professional globe-trotter, " as he himself remarked, has had many opportunities of observing the customs, the religious, social and domestic traits of the Orien- tals. Nor did he lose these opportunities. His intimate knowledge of ancient and modern history, his studious habits and his investi- gating spirit have all contributed to make his sojourn in Babylonia and his travels through nearly all Asia productive of interesting and important results. We gained the full advantage of his ex- periences, and were delighted as well by his unique manner as by his several hundred stereoptican views. The lecture was an in- tellectual treat for which we feel very grateful to the learned Doctor. TKe Senate. One of the most animated discussions on record in the Phila- lethic Senate Journal is the debate that opened on the evening of Nov. nth and continued over until the following meeting. Before a number of Representatives, the Senators w aged war on one an- other with such relentless vehemence that several times the Chair had to intervene to prevent disturbances on the floor. It was the awakening after a sleep of several meetings, the shaking off of dust that had begun to gather on the Philalethic machinery, and which none were more anxious to remove than the Senators themselves. They rallied, elected four new members from the House of Philhistorians and entered upon the work of debate with re-enkindled animation and zest. On Nov. nth, Senator Leonard of Leonards, the first affirma- tive speaker, arose with something to say, and he said it. " Re- solved; That labor-unions are self-destructive, " he began with the words of the calendar, and, without introduction or side remarks, rushed straight into the midst of his subject. " I hold these unions to be self-destructive because the ends for which they were orig- inally established have been lost sight of, because, in other words, they have deviated from the path on which they entered, because both the unions and the unionists are animated by principles of an THE REDWOOD. 243 entirely selfish, unworthy character. Intended originally to assist every honest laborer, they are now instrumental in crushing hun- dreds of individuals, in barring honest and willing workers from the field of competition. " Here followed an array of statistics at once cogent and to the point and the able logician took his seat amid continued applause. Senator Moraghan, dauntless in the face of such heavy fire, arose on the ofi " ense and brought to bear against his adversary the whole acuteness of his incisive intellect and all the cunning of his facile tongue. ' ' You tell us that trade-unionism has missed its or- iginal purpose, that certain honest and willing workers are crushed, that idleness and its consequent vices are the results of such organization. I deny it, and even admitting your long-wind- ed examples, I maintain that the unions find sufficient justification in the fact, that in every single case mentioned there was a con- flict between skilled laborers and pseudo-craftsmen. This is the pur- pose of unionism, the original purpose and the present purpose, to elevate labor to a dignity worthy of man, to elevate it, when pos- sible, to the realm of art, that the laborer may become an artist, that he may feel proud of his condition and that looking the whole world in the face, he may say: ' If I ' m poor, I ' m a gentleman still! " ' (Loud applause.) The young speaker continued at great length to prove that all the statistics introduced by his opponent showed clearly that the unions, instead of deviating from it, were steadily ennobling and constantly progressing towards their origi- nal purpose. During the rest of the evening it was nip and tuck between Senators Collins, O ' Reilly and Feeney on the affirmative, and Sen- ators J. Ivancovich, McClatchy and Byrnes on the negative. These gentlemen were so earnest for their respective sides, that forgetting the universality of the question they limited their argu- ments to San Francisco and the election of the Labor-party candi- date for Mayor was the turning point of the discussion. Such was the pitch of excitement reached at 9:15, the usual time of adjourn- ment, that Senator Feeney, who had the floor, refused to yield for the motion to adjourn. He apparently had something rankling in his bosom of which he wished to relieve himself before consenting to a postponement. He was brief, hgwever, and at 9:20 the Sen- 244 THE REDWOOD. ate adjourned, thus giving the members of both sides an opportun- ity to sleep on the resolution. When on the following Wednesday the debate re-opened, Sen- ator McElroy arose on the negative side. This new and earnest aspirant for Senatorial honor is the very impersonation of calmness and deliberateness. His foot-ball build, his clear voice and logical reasoning cannot but command attention. In a speech that lasted thirty minutes he reviewed the entire argument of both sides, com- pared the reasons pro and con, and maintained that as things stood, it was useless to argue further against a resolution that was al- ready shown to be untenable. After this recapitulation he again refuted all that had been said against the unions and, as if he had the burden of proof, endeavored by positive reasoning to place the question beyond the power of defence. He did not succeed, however, in holding his opponents down. One after another they arose in informal debate to have their final say. It was during this informal period that Senator Byrnes of San Rafael and Senator Collins of San Francisco had their an- imated tilt, which was in truth animated. Both gentlemen had some- thing to say and both knew how to say it. They would be going yet, in the opinion of the writer, had not the Chair interposed, in favor of Senator Leonard who was anxiously awaiting his chance to make the concluding remarks. This final speech was earnest and forceful, the summing up of all that had been advanced by friend and foe, the last attempt to convince the Senate that trade unionism is self-destructive. Un- fortunately the time limit prevented the Senator from saying all he intended and so for the second time we adjourned without having had an opportunity to vote on the question. The election of Messrs Jas. Comerford, Joseph Grifiin, Frank Plank and Jas. McElroy and their maiden speeches in the Senate would deserve special comment, but this article has already gone beyond the intended bulk, and we must needs draw it to an end with the sole remark, that never did the Philalethic Senate, in the memory of the present writer (four years), have such bright pros- pects. THE REDWOOD. 245 TKe House Of PhilKistorians. The past month has been one of more than ordinary activity for the Honse of Philhistorians; all the members have shown an unwearied interest in their work, and the debates have been car- ried on with a vim and swing, altogether refreshing. Three of the members have passed over, not to the silent majority, but to the eloquent minority, the Senate. They are Messrs McElroy, J. Griffin and F. Flank. In their farewell speeches they thanked the House for the kindness it had ever evinced toward them, at the same time protesting that there were others more worthy than they to pass to the Philalethic Branch of the Literary Congress. The Representatives wish them every success in their new field of labor. To the House membership has been added the name of Mr. Robert Pope, who has already in a brief but spirited speech, shown that he is undoubtedly the stuff that heroes and philhisto- rians are made of. The discussions held since the last issue of the Rkdwood were on some live topics of the day, and the members who partici- pated in them, not only entertained and instructed their fellows, but also showed themselves remarkably conversant with various important questions now before the public. Trial by Jury is Preferable to Trial by Judge, Capital Punishment is Preferable to Life Imprisonment, A Republic is Better that a Limited Monarchy, Journalism should be Personal (not anonymous), The Extention of Territory is Detrimental to our Government — all these ques- tions have been sifted by the House and passed affirmatively, with the exception of the last which ended in a tie vote. A feature of this debate was the animated bout between Mr. Peter Kell and Mr. Cuenco, the former striking right and left with great force and dexterity and like Entellus of old Petrus utraque manu pulsat versatque Cuenco, who, hampered as he was by the awkward cestus of a foreign language, Compore tela modo, atque oculis vigilantibus exit. Yet he defended himself to such purpose as to secure for his side, as we said, a tie vote. 246 THE REDWOOD, The Journalistic question was thoroughly ventilated by Mes- srs E. Comerford, G. Beaumont and James McClatchy for the affirmative, and Messrs Jansen, Curley, and Blow for the negative, in a debate which was decidedly the best so far this year. Junior Dramatic Society. The hall of the Junior Dramatics presented a rather novel appearance on the evening of November nth. An observer, familiar with the aspect of a court of justice would immediately have said that quite a successful attempt had been made to metam- orphose our meeting place into a court room. Everything about it bore an extremely legal look. The desks arranged at the right in the form of a box for the jury, the witness stand in the center, the prisoner ' s dock, the tables for the attorneys, together with the judge ' s bench which frowned down upon us from its elevated position on the platform, — all bespoke the presence of Dame Jus- tice with her evenly-balanced scales. Even the members as they entered and took their allotted places, maintained an air of thoughtfulness and gravity quite in keeping with the surroundings. The college chimes were just pealing forth the hour of seven, when the judge with a rap of his hammer commanded order, and the information against the prisoner at the bar was read as follows: " Junior Dramatic Law Court of Santa Clara College, Califor- nia, November term 1903. State of California vs. Alfred Sundell. Alfred Sundell is accused by the District Attorney, by this infor- mation of the crime of highway robbery, committed as follows: " The said Alfred Sundell on the 26th day of October, 1903, in the College of Santa Clara, State of California, did willfully, deliberately, premeditately, feloniously and of malice aforethought, hold up the vehicle which conveys candies from the factory of one James Lappin of the town of Santa Clara to Santa Clara College, and did compel driver of said vehicle, one James Brazell, to hand over to said Alfred Sundell, the box cantaining candies for the use of students of said Santa Clara College, and did command said driver, James Brazell to proceed without an y outcry to the store of one Charles Kennedy of said Santa Clara College, under the pen- THE REDWOOD. 247 alty of having the body of said driver James Brazell perforated with bullets, all of which is contrary to the form, force and effect of the statute in such case made and provided, and against the peace and dignity of the State of California. " The plea " not guilty, " being read to the jury, the district attorney, Mr. Fisher, opened the case for the State. He briefly reviewed the facts as brought to light in the preliminary examina- tion, telling the jury how the candy wagon had been held up in broad daylight within the very precincts of the college. He de- clared that the prosecution would prove from the testimony of reliable witnesses, that the young man accused of the crime was really the guilty party. Then followed the examination of the the State ' s witnesses. They were four in number: Francis Lejeal, night-watchman of the college, James Brazell, driver of the candy wagon, Robert Fitzgerald, sergeant of police, and Paul Carew, a former schoolmate of the accused. The evidence as it developed showed that a young man cor- responding in height and general appearance to the defendant, had been seen an hour or two before the robbery took place prowl- ing about in the vicinity of the Junior Division shower-baths, the scene of the hold-up. Moreover, an empty candy box, which the driver identified as the one stolen, had been found in the defend- ant ' s trunk. An attempt was made to attack the good reputation of the defendant, but the witness became confused during the severe cross-examination to which he was subjected and in conse- quence his testimony was stricken out. Mr. McFadden, the counsel for the defendant then arose and in a short but forcible speech called the attention of the jury to the fact that all the evidence thus far offered had been purely cir- cumstantial. The witnesses for the defense were likewise four in number, Henry Broderick, professor of physical culture in the col- lege, James lyappin, proprietor of Lappin ' s candy factory, Rich- hard Maher, ex-superintendent of public schools, Cyril Smith, a classmate of the defendant ' s. Their testimony was introduced to prove an alibi for the accused and to combat the evidence offered concerning the character of the young man. All of these witnesses were compelled to undergo a lively fire of questioning from the district attorney. 248 THE REDWOOD. Thereupon the judge decided that the taking of any further testimony should be dispensed with, and that the case be submitted to the jury at once. The jury retired to an adjoining room, and remained out about five minutes. Upon their return the foreman, Robert O ' Connor announced the verdict, " We find the defendant not guilty. " The jurymen who were unanimous in this verdict were Messrs O ' Connor, Hall, Brown, Hecker, G. Ivancovich, and Joseph Cowing. This mock trial was a departure from the ordinary debate; but it has proved a very profitable departure and we hope to have similar trials as occasional instructive diversions. AULD LANG SYNE. On November nth Mr. Andrew Welch, Sophomore ' 84, was united in marriage to Miss Julia De Laveaga. The ceremony was remarkable among other things for its distinctively religious char- acter. ' ' Never before, " to quote one of the many newspaper ac- counts, " was a local church so elaborately and beautifully decor- ated as was St. Mary ' s Cathedral, on the occasion of the marriage of Miss Julia De Eaveaga and Andrew P. Welch. The floral dec- orations were the most sumptuous and artistic that were ever seen in the Catholic cathedral. The wedding procession passed under a hanging canopy of streaming smilax, and along an avenue hedged with chrysanthemums. The spacious edifice presented a most picturesque appearance. The nuptials were attended by nearly one thousand people and the marriage ceremony, accom- panied as it was by a full orchestra and a large chorus, and per- formed on the steps of a brilliantly lighted altar from which rose graceful palms, and on which were assembled two archbishops and a half a dozen priests, was indeed an impressive one. There were the usual functionaries in attendance on the bridal couple, and constituting a most brilliant entourage. The most beautifully gowned of them all was Mrs. Eugene Eent, sister of the groom, who looked stunning in pink chiffon. The wedding was a union of two ardent lovers and of the offspring of very weathy people, and the wedding presents represented a small fortune. The THE REDWOOD. 249 groom ' s gift to his bride was a superb necklace of pearls. The mother of the groom presented a large silver bowl and service. Mr. Miguel De Laveaga, father of the bride, presented a chest of silver. Charley Welch ' s gift was a set a rare glassware, and lyouis Welch presented a silver tea set, while Mrs. Lent contributed sev- eral massive pieces of silver. Beside the gifts of relatives there were numerous tokens from friends, and among these the one that will probably be prized the most came from Father Kenna and the faculty of Santa Clara College, a beautiful piece of polished wood from the cross erected by the Franciscan fathers at Santa Clara when they established a mission there in 1777. On one side is the picture of the college burnt into the wood and on the other is a copy of a painting of the original mission. " Mr. Wm. Humphrey A. B. ' 92 officiated as best man at the Welch- De Laveaga wedding, and the paper from which we have taken the foregoing account goes out of its way to pay this prominent attor- ney a well merited tribute of esteem. " Mr. Humphrey, " the article continues, " has made rapid strides in the legal profession, and to- day the firm of Lent Humphrey numbers among its clients some of the wealthiest people in San Francisco. He is one of the most brilliant of the younger graduates of Santa Clara College, and is a prominent member of the University and Olympic clubs. He is possessed of graces of person as well as of mind that have made him the object of considerable angling. " Word comes from Manila that Thos. W. Sweeney, A. B. ' 03 is teaching 180 Filipinos at Yvisan, Island of Panar, P. I. A. J. Per- eira. Junior ' 99, has almost as many students at Pamtan and Ed- ward J. Miller, Junior, ' 01 is at Panay with 200 young Americans. All three have been signed for two years service in the schools and for two years they must stay, barring of course accidents and general decline in health. They are agreed in saying that there is no place like home. Three of our " old boys " were prominent in the production of " Everyman " at St. Ignatius. Joseph Farry of whom mention was made last month, Leo Jones, Junior ' 03 and Fred Churchill. The last named was a star actor on the occasion and his impersonation 250 THE REDWOOD. of " Death " was in no way below the same character in the Froh- man company. Mr. H. F. Mullin, B. S. ' 91, a former Professor in the Com- mercial Department and a staunch friend of the boys, spent a few hours with us recently. Mr. Mullin is now the head accountant in one of the great business houses of San Francisco. News comes from Placerville that our old friends, Martin V. Merle and Fred Sigwart are building up. Both are expected back after the holidays; we have been assured that we shall see them in good physical condition. Among our recent visitors were the Very Rev. Father Frieden S. J., Rev. Father Cullen of Mountain View, ly. Carter, Charles and Aloysius Grisez, ' 03. THE REDWOOD. 251 IN THE LIBRARY. THE BEOINNINGS OF CHBISTIANITY. BY THE VERY REV. THOMAS J. SHAHAN, S. T. D, — BENZIGER BROTHERS, N. Y. PRICE $2.00. There is not in all history a more interesting or a more in- structive epoch, than the three hundred years of struggle that pre- ceded the first great triumph of Christianity. The religion of Christ, which from a human standpoint had all the elements of dissolution, developed gradually but steadily, until in God ' s ap- pointed time it came forth a victor from the catacombs and amid canticles of praise and thanksgiving, planted the Cross of Christ on the very Capitol at Rome, as a " light to the revelation of the Gentiles. " The struggle was one between God and man, and needless to say, God conquered. It is therefore an interesting study; and, teaching us, as it does, the meaning of persecutions and hardships endured for justice ' s sake and the necessity incum- bent on nations of revering the servants of God, it is an instructive and useful study. The Reverend author of the ' ' Beginnings of Christianity " has realized the truth of these remarks and, backed by his experience as Professor of Church History in the Catholic University, he has in a beautifully edited volume, given us the result of long years of study along these very lines. The volume was suggested by just such problems, which are now confronting the world. " There are not wanting reasons of a modern and immediate nature, " he says in his opening chapter, " which make it henceforth useful and con- soling to reflect on the earliest history of the Church and in a special manner on the period of her foundation by the apostles and their successors. " We can best do justice to the book by giving a general out- line of at least one of the more important subjects treated therein. The reader may judge from this one sample what the rest must be. Under the heading, " St. Paul: Teacher of the Nations, " the author 252 THE REDWOOD. follows the Hellenistic Jew of Tarsus through his youth and early- education, then up to Jerusalem, where the future apostle is placed under the care of Gamaliel. The unquiet condition of human affairs at this time is fully described; the agitations at Rome, the unrest at Jerusalem, the dawnings of Christianity, all receive due consideration. The condition of the world is made to serve as an admirable background for the development of Saul ' s character. So too a happy side study of the philosophy of Seneca and the remnants of the teachings of Zeno and Plato has been introduced with great effect. The lecture is a model of completeness and precision. Nothing that could be desired in a brief sketch is wanting; nothing is superfluous. This is but one of the many subjects that are treated by the learned Professor. He has magnificent dissertations on " Slavery and Free Labor in Pagan Rome, " ' ' Women in Pagan Antiquity, " " Women in the Early Christian Communities, " and so on. Thus he enters upon the era from every possible approach. We cannot but commend the book highly to all students of History. SICK CALU OB CHAPTEB5 OF PASTOR.AL MEDICINE. BY THE RKV. A. M. MULLIGAN. — BKNZIGER BROS., N. Y. $I.OO. This little volume is a collection of articles published at differ- ent times in the American Ecclesiastical Review. All who have read them will agree with us when we say that the collection is one destined to prove of great service. Simple, plain and concise in style, the little treatise is for completeness and accuracy a verit- able treasure. The author having had several years of hospital experience treats of a great number of diseases, explaining what is to be done in each case, indicating possible dangers of infection that may not always be known, telling when and how the last rites of the Church ought to be administered. This is in brief the subject matter of the book, which, though complete and important in itself, is enhanced by the noble purpose of its publication. The author explains his purpose thus: ' ' May I venture to express the hope that the advice contained in this little book will be found of THE REDWOOD. 253 practical utility, at least to the neophyte leaving his alma mater full of apostolic zeal, patience, and charity, to perpetuate, amid pestilence, disease, and misery, the noble work of the Great Ex- emplar who walked among men, meriting by word and deed the sublime and endearing name of ' The Good Samaritan. ' " EXCHANGES. THE SUNSET. The November " Sunset " opens with a fascinating football story. The atmosphere is entirely western, and hence in perfect keeping with the decidedly western spirit of the ' ' Sunset. " Celebrity Baldwin ' s career, his endeavor to make the Stanford Varsity eleven, his success in the great annual contest with Berkeley, his broken rib and consequent retention in the hospital, — all this re- lieved by a happy love affair, makes the story very readable. " The Boy Farmers of Napa " deserves special mention not only for the graceful manner of presentation of facts, but for the facts as well. The heroic work of the Rev. D. O. Crowley in found- ing the Agricultural School in Napa county for the betterment of homeless boys deserves great commendation. This it has received in our esteemed exchange the " Sunset, " the editors of which re- cognize a good thing when brought before them. TME DOMINICANA. A masterly contribution from the pen of his Grace, the Most Rev. G. Montgomery of San Francisco, heads the list of the excel- lent November " Dominicana. " " The Necessity of Religion in Edu- cation, " is the thesis which the learned Archbishop undertakes to establish and to say that he succeeds is not saying half enough. He approaches his subject from every possible side making relig- ious education a matter of necessity not from a moral point of view alone, but from a social and economic side as well. The sweet lit- tle poem entitled " Mother of Mercy " is an appropriate contribu- tion to a November magazine. The poem is an appeal to the 254 THE REDWOOD, Queen of Heaven in her capacity as Mother of the afflicted souls in Purgatory. The author, Sister Amadeus has frequently regaled us with similar piously poetic sentiments and we hope to find more from the same gifted writer. WHITE AND GOLD. Strange that we have not hitherto shown our appreciation of this ever pleasing exchange. The latest edition has called us to ourselves, by a well written article on ' An Historical Document. " The document is the " Mills Quarterly, " published in 1872 by the young ladies of this venerable institution. We find in the article a liberal quotation from an account of a visit to Santa Clara College in 1872. Needless to say we were de- lighted to learn that there was a kindly spirit between the two old institutions in those primitive days. Looking up our own maga- zine, the " Owl, " we find some very glowing tributes of respect for the " Mills Quarterty. " We shall give a brief extract that may serve as an additional proof of this good spirit. " We must conclude, " thus ends an article in the " Owl " (Jan. ' 73) " But the magazine of which we have been speaking is written by ladies and therefore of course, it has a postscript and equally of course, that postscript is important. We refer to the Editorial on page 31, which is everything that an introductory editorial ought to be. It is marked indeed pre-eminently, by the three qualities with which we have already credited the magazine as a whole, viz: modesty, good sense and refinement. And though the Quarterly does not actually need the somewhat timid and apolo- getic advocacy with which its fair editress sent it forth to the world, the tone they have adopted is none the less creditable to them, and none the less conducive to that ' favor and good will ' for which they ask, and with which we venture to prophecy they will be greeted on all sides. We shall rank the Mills Quarterly among the most welcome of our exchanges. " Thus runs the concluding paragraph of an article in the " Owl " of thirty years ago. May we of the present repeat the words and say that the " White and Gold " will ever be among our most wel- home exchanges? THE REDWOOD. 255 THE GEORGETOWN JOURNAL. In glancing over this esteemed contemporary, we found to our surprise a very thoughtless bit of criticism in the ' ' Library Notes, " where, as a rule, Georgetown talent shines with great lustre. The caustic remarks on a recent article of the Messenger, whatever might be said of their justice (and we think them unjust) are an evident display of either thoughtlessness or lack of judgment. The Rev. Author of the article on John Wesley is well known to American readers. His essays of former years have met with en- thusiastic applause and this latest one is deserving of much praise. At all events the Georgetown reviewer forgot himself and gentle taste when he let slip the remark about the initials S. J. THE ST. IGNATIUS COLLEGIAN. Our friend from the " queenly city of the West " gave us a severe slap through its exchange column of last month. It was a sweeping condemnation of our short stories in general and of two sentences in particular. What these " queenly city " people had against our stories, we may never know, and it is only after a bit of reflection that we detect any particular flaw in our two sen- tences. As it is, they seem to sin against " unity " as that unity is understood in the " City Resurrected. " We would have felt the slap very much had not the sentence in which it was conveyed, labored under the same terrible fault. Here it is: " But the short stories — well the less said the better — how such sentences could escape, etc. " Of course this sentence has the advantage over ours, for with a period (though we would suggest an exclamation mark) after the word " better, " and a capital " H " in " How, " and with a slight re- modelling of the second clause, unity would be secured for the two distinct ideas. In our own sentences: e. g., " There was a superb light in his eyes, and the flames played around his feet, " the uni- fication would mean work; but we would not change it for the world. 256 THE REDWOOD. ATHLETICS. When the " slump " following the Stanford freshman game had worn off, Coach Magee set about to remodel the team. Some were shifted from their previous positions to ones more adapted to them, a couple of new men were placed on the team and the line-up was fixed as follows: I eft end, J. Ivancovich Left tackle; J. McElroy Left guard, T. F. Leonard Center, L. Hubbard Right guard, L. Woodford Right tackle, F. Plank Right end, A. Aguirre Quarter, L. Magee Left half, T. Feeney Right half, W. Magee Fullback, J. Bray. Thus McElroy was changed from left guard to left tackle, Woodford from right tackle to right guard, Leonard, the Aptos giant was installed at left guard and Plank, the star right tackle of several past seasons, who had just returned from Mexico, was placed in his old position. This team is exceptionally strong. In its game against Fort Baker it has given evidence of its ability to cope with some of the larger elevens of the State. Fort DaKer vs. S. C. C As the stalwart soldier boys from Fort Baker, who had faced the big teams of Berkeley, Stanford and Nevada Universities walked out on the field and took their positions against the Santa Clara youths, more than one apprehensive glance was cast upon them and more than one doubtful query, as to the outcome of the game, was heard. If appearances were to be taken into consideration the Fort Baker men would have been pronounced our superiors. But how deceiving appearances may often be was clearly demonstrated by the game that followed. The agonizing moments of suspense preceeding the kick-ofi " vanished when the referee ' s whistle demanded attention. " Fort Baker ready? " " Santa Clara ready? " Another shrill THE REDWOOD. 257 toot and the game had begun. Billy Magee drove the pigskin to Ft. Baker ' s 30 yard side line from which the lads in blue failed to return it. They advanced, however, ten yards by a succession of bucks and then forfeited the ball on downs. Feeney, Bray and Wm. Magee at once began to work their private system and by skirting the ends and smashing the line soon landed the leather on the ten-yard line. Another buck by Magee and the first touch-down was made. The goal was missed and the score stood 5 — o in our favor. Magee again kicked; the ball circled high in the air and fell into the arms of Ft. Baker ' s full-back who advanced it ten yards. We gained the ball on the 40 yard line and our backs again began their relentless work. In a few minutes Billy Magee carried the ball from the 15 yard line for a second touch-down. The goal was kicked and the rooters counted out eleven points for Santa Clara. Ft. Baker again chose the receipt of the kick and failed to make any advance from the catch. Having gained nothing after two trials they punted to " Little " Magee who tucked the leather beneath his arm and sta rted down the field like a startled deer. In vain did the soldier lads grasp the filmy air where the little quarter- back was supposed to be. Ducking, dodging, hurdling and side- stepping he passed through the maelstrom of outstretched arms to the 10 yard line and would have crossed the goal had he not col- lided with one of his own team mates. This, the longest and most sensational run of the day brought the crowd in the bleach- ers to their feet wild with delight, as the name of " Magee " rent the air. Twenty of these hard-earned yards were forfeited on a penalty and a field goal from the 30 yard line was tried but with- out success. A kick by McMasters of Fort Baker, one or two good bucks by our backs and a fumble filled out the remainder of the first half. The second half was like the first, full of clever and sensational plays by both sides. The whistle purled out its shrill and decis- ive message and Billy Magee drove the ball to the opponent ' s five- yard line. They returned it ten yards from the catch and fifteen on bucks before our men had begun real work. When we did 258 THE REDWOOD. begin the ball changed hands and, quarter-back Magee giving the signal. Schmitz (who nad relieved Captain Feeney) ploughed through the line for ten yards. Magee, Bray and Schmitz again and again tore through the line until once more the ball rested in the shadow of the goal. Undaunted, however, the Fort Baker men like true soldiers again faced their opponents. Choosing the kick-off this time they landed the ball on our 20 yard line. Santa Clara immediately returned the kick and repulsing each effort of the soldiers, gained possession of the ball. With unrelenting vigor they forced their way up the field. At each successive gain the soldiers strove harder and harder to withstand the attack; but with clever judg- ment our quarter-back sent the plays to the most vulner- able places and another touch-down was soon made. A few more minutes of the same thing and victory hard-earned and fiercely contested was Santa Clara ' s. The game was not so one-sided as the score 22 — o appears to indicate. The Fort Baker men put up a strong, gritty and truly sportsmanlike resistance. Great credit is due the vanquished for the manner in which they faced certain defeat, for from start to finish they never allowed their interest to abate. Santa Clara H. S. vs. Second Team. Probably the most formidable opponents that the second team has had to contend with this season was the team from the Santa Clara High School. Coached up to the fine points of the game by W. Magee, they have massed together weight, skill and knowl- edge, a combination that is not often found. Their colors were lowered, however, in a fiercely fought battle on November 3 by the second eleven of Santa Clara College. From beginning to end the contest never lacked interest. Both sides played a strong, fast game on the offense. But the Col- lege team finding one or two weak spots in the High School line, sent many successful plays through them. By hard work they forced their opponents down the field and carried the ball over for a touch-down, before the first half closed. THE REDWOOD. 259 In the second half Castruccio ' s work was most effective for yard-gaining. The High School men played so low that hurdling the line was resorted to. Castruccio seldom failed to make first down by this method and soon crossed the line for a second touch- down. Keleher kicked the goal and a score of 1 1 to o was ours. During the rest of the game the ball progressed up and down the field, now in one team ' s possession, now in the other ' s, but neither side was able to score. FootHills vs. Second Team. In a rather unusual game of football the second eleven wrest- ed victory from the team of the Deaf, Dumb and Blind Institution at Berkeley on Nov. 5. Our boys expected a hard game, but their expectations were nothing in comparison to the reality. The Mutes were heavier than our men, but with all their strength and skill they were unable to score. The Institutes started the fun by driving the ball from the center into McClatchy ' s arms on the 15 yard line. By plugging the line and massing our interference around the ends, we brought the ball to our opponent ' s 25 yard line. Castruccio diminished this by 22 yards and Smith carried the ball for the remaining three yards to a touch-down. Ena kicked off to the Institute ' s five yard line. The ball was run in twenty yards from the catch, and then by several fake plays the Mutes reached the center of the gridiron when they were held on downs. After trying a number of bucks, quarter Regan gave the signal for a side line fake. A mass play formed over the right tackle; a moment later McClatchy shot through on the left side of the line. When the astonished players of the op- posing team had recovered their equilibrium, Jedd ' s beaming face was seen on the safe side of the goal. Keleher ' s kick was well directed and the score was again ii-o in favor of Santa Clara. The second half was to neither side ' s advantage. The Insti- tute team played a fast and clever game, and our men retaliated by one equally fast and clever. 26o THE REDWOOD. San Jose Hi K vs. Second Team. The next aggregation to taste the bitterness of defeat was from San Jose High School. Once before, during the season, this husky eleven from the Garden City suffered defeat at our hands to the tune of 14 to o; but a more severe drubbing was in store for them. When the referee ' s whistle sounded the end of the game and the puzzle of legs and arms unraveled itself, twenty two hard earned points were marked to the right of the second team ' s name, while a big round zero showed the result of San Jose ' s wasted en- ergies. Though out-classed and out-played in every stage of the game, the High School youths were true sportsmen. The game, too long to be detailed, was a fine exhibition of football. No flukes, no blunders and no player retired on account of injuries. Los Gatos vs. Juniors. Pygmies in size but giants in achievement the youngsters of the Junior Division wear the wreath of victory on their brow and hear the plaudits of their fellows ringing in their ears. Not once during the whole season have they allowed any other team to score against them, not once even have they suffered their oppo- nents to hold them down to a tie. The first game on the Junior ' s schedule for November was with the lyos Gatos Grammar school played at Los Gatos on November 5. This team was surprisingly heavy, but the fact of being out- weighed did not lessen the Midgets ' determination to win. Their team work so far surpassed that of their opponents that the disad- vantage in weight was overcome. Two touch-downs were scored by our boys, giving them a score of lo-o. THE REDWOOD. 261 Anderson Academy vs. Juniors. The next game was played at Irvington with the second team of Anderson ' sAcademy. When the lads from Santa Clara filed out on the field the Andersonians were beaming with the anticipation of an easy victory. " Oh, what a cinch ! " exclaimed one of the rooters when he saw the little fellows, but his mistake soon became apparent when these same Juniors began to play; but when they went over for the first touchdown in about five minutes, amazement took the place of assurance. The second touch-down came rather unex- pectedly to the Andersonians. A fake mass play was sent over on one side of the line while Maguire, the speedy half-back rushed round left end with the ball. Down the field for sixty yards he spurted and ceased only when the leather reposed beneath the goal posts. The game was clean, gentlemanly and interesting throughout. The best of feeling prevailed and had the victory gone to the other side the pleasure of having played with such thorough gen- tlemen would have compensated for the ignominy of defeat. Maguire and Hallinan did the best work. The Santa Clara line, in spite of the size of their opponents was excellent in offense and defense. L,. Feeney and J. Ryan, who played behind the line made good gains and backed the line up well, while Captain Ra- mos and Brazell at the ends played in perfect style. San Jose Second Team vs. Juniors. The third team to suffer defeat at the hands of the Juniors was the second eleven from the San Jose High school. Was there ever before a game such as that fought ou the Santa Clara cam- pus? Probably so, but surely not more fierce nor with such great odds against the home team. The Santa Clara sympathizers shuddered as the heavy men from the High school lined up against the second division team. They felt that defeat must surely fol- low, and shuddered for the lads that had to face adversaries who could have easily taken them up, man for man, and carried them, despite their struggling oft " the field. Two teams were never more 262 THE REDWOOD. rudely matched. And yet from start to finish the game never lacked interest nor could it be otherwise with every player begin- ning with Ivers at center, mastering and holding down his men in each encounter. Five points were scored in the first half by the Collegia ns and the High school began the second half by kicking off to Santa Clara. The Juniors secured the ball and by strenuous bucking and soon brought it to San Jose ' s ten-yard line where it was lost on downs. San Jose tried twice but were forced back for heavy lines. On the third down they attempted a kick. The ball was fumbled and Fisher secured the leather and went over the line for a touchdown. Time was called soon after leaving our Juniors with a score af ii-o against a team that outweighed them at least fifteen pounds to the man. THE REDWOOD 263 FIRST HONORS FOR OCTOBER, 1903. BBANCHES. SENIOR. JUNIOR. Religion T. Feeney L. Hicks Ethics T. Feeney Mental Philosophy J. Riordan Natural Philosophy T. Feeney W. Blow Chemistry J. Regan J. Curley, J. Riordan Mathematics J. Regan H. Budde Political Economy J. Regan L- Hicks Higher English J. Regan J. Riordan Advanced History T. Feeney J. McElroy , SOPnOMOBE. FR.ESHMAN. Religion M. O ' Reilly R. Shepherd English Precepts G. Araneta E. McFadden . . English Author H. Budde G. Beaumont English Composition M. Carter G. Beaumont History Geography J. V. McClatchy G. Fisher Elocution J. V. McClatchy T. Cecil Latin H. Budde E. Ivancovich Greek H. Budde G. Fisher Mathematics H. de la Guardia J. Brin, G. Hall 1st ACADEMIC. 2nd ACADEMIC. Religion F. Hecker J. Brazell . . . . English Precepts J. Pierce E. Hyland . . . English Author M. Brown E. Hyland . . . English Composition F. Hecker J. Brazell . . . . History Geography J. Brin J. Bach Civil Government E. Hyland . . . Elocution J. Jones A. Zarcone . . . Latin J. Brin H. Broderick Greek H, de la Guardia H. Broderick Mathematics J. Bach A. Bunsow . . . 3rd ACADEMIC. 4th ACADEMIC. Religion M. Shafer W. Hughes English Precepts P. Wilcox A. Bunsow, J. Leibert English Author P. Wilcox J. Green English Composition C. Kemling J. Leibert History Geography W. Beasley A. Bunsow Civil Government C. Zilz Elocution J. Daly J. Leibert Orthography J. Leibert Latin P. Wilcox A. Bunsow Greek P. Wilcox Mathematics C. Nino L. Ruth 264 THE REDWOOD Pre-Academic Classes. Isf. 3nd. Religion L. Bowie L. Ruth English Precepts L. Bowie F. Bazet English Author J. Auzerais English Composition C. Fortune L. Ruth History Geography A. Donovan, W. Sweeny L. Olivares, L. Ruth Elocution A. Donovan J. Kraft, L. Ruth . . . Orthography J. Manha A. Allan, L. Ruth . . , Commercial Course. 1st BOOK-KEEPING. 2nd BOOK-KEEPING. Ed. de la Guardia J, Brin H. de la Guardia Special Classes. 1st SPECIAL. 2nd SPECIAL. 3rd SPECIAL. Xatin R. Fitzgerald J. Comerford R. O ' Connor. Greek R. Fitzgerald J. Comerford G. Hall Elementary Science. DIVISION A. DIVISION B. P. Carew R. Hayne THE REDWOOD $ High Class Knitted Wear SWEATERS ALL Made of pure Lamb ' s Wool in endless variety of stitch, style and color. UNDERWEAR fok m f Form-Fitting garments in Pure LINEN, LISLE, WOOL and SILK pleasing the most fastidious and exacting dressers GYMNASIUM SUITS FOOTBAI I, SUITS BASEBAI Iv SUITS TENNIS GOODS KNlUTINGCO. ATHI BTIC SUPPI IBS " " " ® " SAN FRANCISCO, CAI,. ijf u 3 3 t THE PIONEER UNIVERSITY 1 J OF THE PACIFIC SLOPE 3 3 2 This famous institution of learning, which is in charge of the 5 Jesuits, has a reputation even in Europe for the completeness of © its equipment and the thoroughness of its instruction. With most f complete and appropriate accommodation in every department, 3 and a full staff of professors, the institution offers uncommon ad- r vantages for the mental, moral and practical training of young a 5 men and boys. 1 Santa Clara College f FUI.1, PARTICUI.ARS MAY BK OBTAINED [ A BY Addressing the . - . e I I I Rev. R. E. Kenna, S. J. 1 a Santa Clara College I Santa Clara, . - - - California | THE REDWOOD imas mmm stmmmmmm ' M: w . wM . for llp4o=Date £lotbe$ for young men go to PAUSON CO. aoo Kearney Street WORI D BBATBRS FOR 0V:ERC0ATS J. Q. ROBINSON PHARMACIST Pierce Block Santa Clara. Cal. Picti_ire Kramin Of K ery Description GALLAGHER BROS 27 GRANT AVENUE SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. Snorting 6ood$ Toto Supplies m. m. Iiaas £0. San 3ose» KaI. Calendars 1 $04 Xmas 6oo(Ss in Profusion Phone Exchange 31 Phones in all Rooms; Private Exchange J. TURONNKT, Prop LAMOLLE HOUSE Only First Class French Hotel and Restaurant on the Coast. European Plan. Cor. Santa Clara and San Pedro Streets SAN JOSE, CAl, THE REDWOOD SMiS99Mwi a fB i T. W. Hobson Company At The Busy Corner FIRST AND POST STREETS SAN JOSB, CAI,. tft t|? t|? Carry the most complete stock of Suits, Over- coats, Hats, Furnishing Goods, Trunks, Suit Cases, etc., in Santa Clara County. An inspec- tion of our goods is asked. Courteous treatment. Money back if not satisfactory. Our latest cata- log for the asking. tf? tft ?|t T. W. HOBSON COMPANY SAN JOSE, CAi;. THE REDWOOD Telephone Main 5327 Desigrnins: Illnstratins: Uliti. Brown Engraving eo. I alf = Cone Engravers Zinc £tcl)itig$ 417 Mont ofivery Street SAN FRANCISCO. CAL Jl. Sielierbacb $ Sons Tm orfers and Dealers in Papen €wme$ and Cordage S ¥S) Telephone, Pr ivate Exchange 14 416-426 Sansome Street, San Francisco €urtaz « Piano Our own manufacture — 50 years on the market. A thoroughly well-made reliable piano at a reasonable price. Also sole agents for Chickering, Mason Hamlin, Vose, Sterling and other pianos, and Apollo Master Player. Pianos Furnished Santa Clara College; Notre Dame College, San Jose and San Francisco; and Notre Dame Academy, Santa Clara. BENJ. CURTAZ (Sc SON 16. 18, 20 OTARRELL ST., CURTAZ BUILDING, S. F. BRANCHES— San Jose, Fresno, Alameda, Stockton, Palo Alto. THE REDWOOD Cable Address, " APPLETON. " ABC Code. Telephone Front 76 HOOPER a JENNINGS CO. INCORPOF .ArED Successor to Thomzis Jennings p Importers and Wholesale Grocers K atKB7S!:A ' i S l PD Dealers in Butter, Provis ions Dried Fruits, Etc. 213-215 Front St., Cor, Halleck, between California and Sacramento Sts. SAN FRANCISCO CAI,. THE REDWOOD I Sm rt Young Dressers i Young men who want swell things — who want every late kink in cut and making thrown into their suits — Come here for their clothes. We hold the trade of tbe Young Wen of the Colleges Our Fall and Winter Suits and Overcoats are Stunners Spring ' s Market and Santa Clara Streets - - - San Jose gj i MILLARD BROS. j I Dealers in BOOKS AND STATIONERY I I % E FOUNTAIN PENS 25-27 West Santa Clara St. San Jose m I Byers-McMalnon Co. @ 39-49 South Market Street, Cor. Post, San Jose. M jS| Telephone Blue 279. M i The Store That Saves You Money i w i I Carpets, Draperies, Turmture, Stoves | @ Linoleums and tOindow Shades i U €at t ct$ Cleaned and Kelaid Upbolsterind i CrOO S Pf)oto JIrt store i ii (i 1 Photo Sus plies and Stationery s 12-14 South First Street San Jose W I) THE REDWOOD i Safe Deposit Vaults I OF Tun San Jose Sdk Deposit Bank The Fire and Burglar Proof Steel Vaults, Guarded by Time-Locks, and Watched Night and Day, afford Absolute Safety Steel Safes of large and small sizes to rent at moderate rates. Private rooms provided for the use of customers. Separate rooms for ladies. F. A. ALDERMAN Stationery and School Supplies JIlso a Fine Cine of Cigars and Cobacco, Sportina 6ood$, €tc. Main Street, Next to Postoffice, Santa Clara. mould you -ft like a good paying position? We are placing our graduates in good paying positions in San Jose, San Francicisco, and many other cities in California. We secure more positions for grad- uates that any other two schools outside of San Francisco. Call and let us show you a long list of successful graduates. Sail 3o$e Busmess £oHege Second and San Fernando Sts., San Jose. Six Months, any Course, $45 W. Boucher, Principal. ROLL BROS. Real Estate and Insurance Phone North 60 Santa Clara, Calif m THE REDWOOD wjrjTj M: w:w w: w: w:m } . SPORTING GOODS Football Supplies Send for Catalog COLCHER CO. 538 MARKET San Francisco O ' BRIEN SPOTORNO Wholesale and Retail Dealers Poultry and amc. Butter, Cheese and £99$ Stalls 3, 4, 5, 6, 37, 38, and 39 California Market Private Exchange 515 California Street Entrance, San Francisco, Cal. If you do not wish to be tempted to use h ard words, like this man, send yonr work to the Enterprise Laundry Co. SANTA CI ARA - SmUQy r l n Telephone Grant 96 Res. Clay 165 | osaar ia - iia wmmmmmm THE REDWOOD Young Wen ' s Turnishings JInd tbe I2ew Tail Styles in neckwear, Jjoskr and Gloves Young Wen ' s Suits and B ts now on Exhibition at O ' BRIBN ' S SANTA CI ARA, CAI,. WM. F. BRACHER Dealer in Bicycles and Cycle Sundries Pierce, California and Hudson Bicycles Repairing a Specialty looo to 1004 Franklin Street, Santa Clara SAN JOSE SANITARIUM CONJBUSIER..SI SISTERS OF CHARITY Race and San Carlos Streets SAN JOSE, CAL J. F. STEPHENSON R. K. KENNEDY. You trade here you save money here Stephenson Drug Company Telephone, Main 221 Porter Building, San Jose, Cal. H. E. WILCOX D. M. BURNETT ATTORNEYS AT LAW Rooms 19 and 20, Safe Deposit Building San Jose, Cal. THE REDWOOD AMiillllLlMiillilhiilllllllniillilll!iinl[lJlllh.Mllllll.MillllllliMillilLli,nl[llLli.iM[llL llllbliiiMllillli.i.llilliMMlJllllmillJllll.nillJlLllniillillnMllJlyhMillllllliiMllJlyiMirllJll]! 1 A pair of properly fitted glasses will chase away that headache. HiRSCH Kaiser, 7 Kearney St. Opticians. L. CAMPIGLIA J. SPINELLI CAMPIGLIA CO. Groceries and Fruits Vegetables, Nuts and Candies Fruit and Vegetables packed and shipped to any part of country p- Every article Warranted Pure and Fresh and Prices I ow. Telephone John 66i 103-105 South Market Street, San Jose INSURANCK KATJO SOMAVIA. Santa Clara Ke V¥ and ' Eilegr.skt Farlors Reduced Rates to Students and Societies ANDREIJV P. HILL, We make a SPECIALTY of getting our work out PROMPTLY, and it is all finished here. Take the elevator at tlie Dougherty Buildingf. I No. 85 South Second Street. Xo Get a Good Pen Knife CKX AN E1»HCTR.IC. Guaranteed to be as it ought to be. If it should not prove to be that we will be glad to exchange with you until you have one that is. MANICURE TOOI S, RAZORS Guaranteed the same way. If you wish to shave easily, and in a hurry, get a Gem Safety TLsLZOt, The greatest convenience for the man who shaves himself. THE JOHN STOCK SONS, Tinners, Roofers and Plumbers Phone Main 76 71-77 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. THE REDWOOD iMMllJlljIhiillilhliinl liiiillllyini.ldyiliiMtllbMHillJlllliMill linilll ll.Mll lMMldlDli.i Mmili„MlilillnMllllllli,„lllll)limllIlhnillilli,HllJll ildHjlimllUlllNMlllilllimllilliillllllillilllOill llJlllllllll%. Jirt Supplies The Geo. Denne Co. Second and San Fernando Streets San Jose, Cal. Established 1875 Phone West 1162 GEO. W. RYDER SON JEWEI ERS AND SIIVVERSMITHS The most extensive and complete stock of NEW Fine Goods, for presents for the fall and holiday season 8 South First Street, Safe Deposit, San Jose, Cal. Club Rooms Attached - ® S. BACIGALU PI LEADING BRANDS OF CIGARS AND TOBACCO. 109 North First Street SAN JOSE, CAI,. RESIDENCE: OFFICE: 223 South Third Street Rooms 8, 9, and 11 I etitia Building Phone John 2471 Phone Red 1342 DR. F. GERLACH PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON OFFICE HOURS: 10 to 12 a. m. 2 to 4 and 7 to 8 p. m. SAN JOSB, CAI . Sundays 10 to 11 a. m. For a First-Class Student Hair Cut See P. A. BBRNAL — Tonsorial Artist — i i 34 North First Street San Jose, Cal. Killam Furniture Co. UPHOLSTERING SANTA CI ARA, CAI IFORNIA iilifi IfliHiiipiiiiilfiiiiiill iiiiiifiiiiiilifTiiiiilfliii " lfliiiiifiiinilif!iiiiiifiiiiHifiiiiill]y| iiii i ip i i i il| ] iiii i i r||T lliiHi p ii i . ' i THE REDWOOD Have you ever experienced the convenience of a Ground Floor Gallery. 9 The most elegantly equipped Fotograf Studio in the city. Special rates to Students and Societies. Chas. a. Nace, President E. S. Nace, Secretary NACE PRINTING COMPANY INCORPORATED PRINTERS AND BOOKBINDERS Book and Magazine Printing a Specialty 955 Washington Street, Santa Clara, Californi THE REDWOOD , EAST 1 il I t If going East secure choice of Routes, of limited trains and tourist excursions by calling on nearest agent I SoutKern Pacific PAUL SHOUP, D. F. P. A., San Jose E. O. McCORMICK, Passenger Traflfic Manager, San Francisco T. H. GOODMAN, General Passenger Agent, San Francisco. THE REDWOOD Copyrighted 1902. mayer Bros. MTllING, CENTS ' PURWSBING COODS, HATS, CAPS AND SHOES Rubber Goods and Imbrellas Suits to Order a Specialty m 60-62 W. Santa Clara St., cor. Lightstone, SAN JOSE, CALIFORNIA. Terms Strictly Cash. Telephone, White 14 Office Hours — 9 a. m. to 12 m. and i to 5 p. m. Phone White 961 DR. T. M. CARMICHAEL St. Luis Building DENTIST 115 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. CHAS. A. BOTHIJVELL Repairing at Right Prices Old Gold Taken in Exchange 112 South First Street, San Jose m. Scbirle Successor to P. Kesli 5S2i!!Lj!L Boots and Shoes III South First Street, San Jose, Cal. X m fetew«MjV v 1 ' -••il .. ' - ■ - .. ■ - ... j j ' ■■■kii— J llllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll I Lioii House Of ill | IMAGINE YOURSELF in the Grill Room of the Lick House. You have before you one of the finest, up-to-date cafes in San Francisco. You seat yourself in one of the high- backed, cane-seated chairs and gaze in admiration at the picture before you. The architecture adheres to the German style throughout ; the high ceilings and the walls are finished in a deep red, set off with Flemish woodwork, and the floor is done in patterned Mosaic. Polite waiters flit here and there, filling the wants of the patrons with neatness and precision. Among the many guests are found the bon ;2 of San Francisco ' s swell set, as well as the prominent politician and business man. This is just the place to spend a pleasant hour with your friends, whom you can entertain in no more acceptable way than by introducing them to our exquisite Sunday dinners. Cuisine and service of the best, and prices to suit your purse. Come and yoti will be sure to come again. OEO. W. lilJVCScSBUP y, F rop. m HoURvS : 6 A. M. TO 8 p. M. illlllllllllllllllllllllllll!lllllllllll!llllllllllllllllllllll!lll|||||y iniiiiiiii THE REDWOOD sJUiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiini I Foss Hicks Co. I No. 45 West Santa Clara Street ' san ' jose! Real Estate Loans Investments A select and up-to-date list of just such properties as the Home-Seeker and Investor wants. FIRE, LIFE AND ACCIDENT = IN THE BEST COMPANIES S I INSURANCE = The Fullest Information Regarding All Ivines of Business. Every Should lay aside a portion of his S income or allowance. i Open an account with this bank, | Von no starting in with a small deposit and = — " adding to it regularly each week or | month. I .HLL3;tl Try this plan and you will be sur- | prised and gratified with the results. | I The Santa Clara Valley Bank | I SANTA CLARA, CAL. • | iiimiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiuiinniiiiiniiiiiiiniiintniniisniiiinnsiiiniiuiininu THE REDWOOD fjiiniiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiMniiimimmiiiiiiniiniiiiiiimiiininaniiiiiiHiniiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimimin F. MUSGRAVE Co. 1 Watchmakers and Manufacturing Jewelers | 3995 SIXTBBNTH STR15BT, SAN FRANCISCO. = Class Pins. Medals and Sodality Pins made to order. Designs Furnished S Sporting Goods ISis and Jack Qarnot Dermody i The 1903 Light and Yale BICYCLES I NOW ON SAI.E Phone 975 Black 69 South Second St San Jose E Seaside Store, Santa Cruz S. I,EASK Santa Clara and I,os Gatos CROSBY I EASK 576 Church Street N. Y. OFFICE ( ♦ ro «) " 6) 8 I ea «. Dr Goo3 a.T23 JVIffiiTj ' a. Wsar I Pop ©aindlos I a d lee ©PGarq E E , That ©annot be H7:e©llod a. - gU Rfl C JL SANTA CI AHA Delivered in Santa Clara and All Parts of San Jose. S liiniijiiiiimniniinMiiiiiiiiiiiiniinimniininsiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiniiiiiinuiiiiiiiiiiiiiinniMiinin THB REDWOOD iiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiiiir iiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiniiiiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiininiiiiiiiniu I C THAT aOeH JOSE,CAi I IS IN U ' R HAT A.g:esit for tSse Celetjratecl Knox Mat Telephone Black 393 Santa Clara. Groceries and Provisions Teas, Coffees, Flour Tinware, Agateware Feed, Potatoes Glassware, L,amps, Crockery Fancy Canned Goods Wood and Willowware J. W. BI ACK, Proprietor Badges and glass Pins H St ecialtv C V. Soisrisseau Manufaduring Jewekr and J epainng Highest Price Paid for Old Gold and Silver. Phone Blue 203 6g}4 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. H.E. SKINNER CO. I 801 Market Street San Francisco FOOTBAL L, TENNIS TRACK, BASEBALL AND ATHLE TIC FURNISHINGS Tights, Trunks Suit Cases E Jerseys and Traveling Bags Tiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniimiiiinimiiiiiiiimniiiiuiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiin THE REDWOOD Goldstein $ Co. Tticorporated Costumcrs, Decorators and • Theatrical Supplies «- 733 Market Street, San Francisco, Cal. Opposite Grant Avenue, Telephone Main 1615 Zhc earnest and mo t ompUU Costume t ouse on th Coast Official Costumers for all Theatres in San Francisco and on the Coast, also Furnishers for Santa Clara Passion Play, Bohemian Club open air Festivals and for al Carnivals on the Pacific Coast. IMTrn BUSINESS COLLEGE I stablished 40 Years. Open entire year. The great Business School in the metropolis of the West. The oldest, the largest, the best. It has trained 20,000 people It annual enrollment is 1,000. Its average daily attendance is 500. Between 700 and 800 calls every year for graduates of the college. Nearly 100 Type-writing machines in the Typing depart- ment, 30 teachers. It cannot supply the demand for its graduates. Get the best business education. Go where the opportunities are the greatest. Send for catalogue. Day and night sessions entire year. Address I E. P. HEALD, President i 34 POST STSJSET, SAN FRANCISCO, CAI, Aifj, m: ats soI D by Western IVIeat Co. ar: u. s. gov: rnm:ent iNSP:iecTBD We are ready for Christmas Trade. We are showing a larger and more complete line of Clothing for Man and Boy than ever. We invite your inspec- tion. Please don ' t buy anywhere else until you have looked through our Complete I ine of High Grade Ready-to-Wear Suits and Overcoats for men and boys. Out of town orders promptly attended to. Merchandise Order Blanks now ready. All goods sold for the Holidays, if not satisfactory, will be exchanged or your money will be cheerfully refunded. J. J. GILDEA CO. TKe Reliable ClotKiers 796 MARKET ST. Cor. Grant Ave. Sao Francisco THE REDWOOD ; C. @. Sresovicb Co. t Cottsmission merchants And Largest Importers and Exporters in Green and Dried Fruits 519-521 Sansome Street San Francisco, Cal Senkines ' 114 and 116 SoMtb First Street T sSji ns In San 30SC, €ai. UleM ' s Ftimisbtngs We Make a Specialty of Catering to « « College Students Their demand as to Styles, Color, Combination and patterns are entirely different from other people. We realize that difference and meet it. 1 55-61 I May we serve you? f Carmichael, Ballaris Co., } Outfitters tor all Mankind i South First Street SAN JOS:i$ A Sundries and Repairing Telephone Grant 425 A Columbia Cyclery Columbia and Cleveland Bicycles i G. :E. MITCH: !,! , Prop. 1177-1183 Franklin Street, Santa Clara i Holiday Books ♦♦♦♦Dainty Xmas Gifts Eff ITPBV K( M 31-33-35 E. SAN TERNANDO ST. i !♦ VSVl Ir 1 V kS ' %Jl TELEPHOKB RED 321 f THE REDWOOD I Comparison Carries The " 1903 " G. M. line Sweaters, Jerseys, Gymnasium, Track a nd Football Goods, JEWELER J. H. PAYNE CO. Wholesale Dealers in CIGARS % Our Big Mill has surpassed last season ' s splendid record. $ Conviction % I I I 1 ' Is the best show in Quality Style and Price JJ ' ¥ Order Direct from us or ask your Dealer for the G. M. Brand { Jj 20 POST STREET SAN FRANCISCO JJ % . » A. J. RHEIN I « 15 Santa Clara Street San Jose, Cal. Jj I nelson ' s Studio s I nelson ' s Studio t Newest I ine in Photography I $ . ' views of all kinds taken to order at most reasonable prices. % ♦ If anything you do not understand happens to plates, bring them to us and we i will instruct you as to same. £ $ f( Best Cabinet Work $3.00 per Dozen ♦ 5J Phone Clay 421 1193 Franklin Street ♦ !J " « EI SYMPHONIE. Clear Havana Cigar Phone Red 1542 Xi PATHFINDER, Havana 5-Cent Cigar 109 South First Street, San Jose, Cal ) THE REDWOOD ' • : :l i . Painless Bxtraction Charges Reasonable OR. H. O. F. MENTON OEJPiXlSX Telephone Gran ' 373 Office Hours— 9 a. ni. to 5 p. m. Most Modern Appliances Rooms 3, 4. 5. 6, 7, 8 Bank Building, over Postoffice Santa Clara, Cal. San Jose ' s IVeadiug: Store 1 C SAN JOSE Home of I OW Prices 4 Neck Wear Dress Shirts Night Gowns Under Wear Boys you want to read this little Ad on m: n ' S furnishings Interesting and money saving news in condensed form 4 See our new line of Midget 4-in-hand and string ties, the former 50 inches long with silk embroidered ends, for either ladies or gentlemen Price only The very latest in fancy, colored dress shirts, nobby and neat effects in the new greys and blues. Price else- where 1.25 Our price We are showing a splendid stock of fine flannelette and Ger- man flannel night gowns, new and novel patterns, silk braid finished, full cut and extra long Prices Our assortments of men ' s heavy cotton and woolen under- wear for winter use are now complete in everyway, they come in Wright ' s Health, fleece lined, Scotch and Aus- tralian wools and camel hair. Colors — silver grey, natural and vicunas All sizes and prices from per garment 25 cts $1.00 $1.00 and $1.25 50c to $2.00 Phone Main II A. H. MARTEN GO. I BADBRS OF I OW PRICES 83-91 S. First Street H. SUI OVAN PSutiil ing @as Fitting, Cinnind Repairing Promptly Attended to Latest Double Gear Samson Windmill Phone 151 East 70 East Santa Clara Street, San Jose Res.— N. E. Corner St. John and Third Sts Jacob Eberhard, Pres. and Manager John J. Eberhard, Vice.Pres. and Ass ' t Manager Eberhard Tanning §.. Tagiiiers, Cur riers and W ool Piillers Harness-Ladigo and Lace Leather Sole and Upper Leather, Calf. Kip and Sheepskins Kberhard ' s Shirting I eather and Bark Woolskin SANTA CLARA, CAL • ¥ $¥¥¥$ ¥¥$¥¥ ¥¥ $¥ ¥¥¥¥¥¥ ¥$$¥¥ $¥$4 $$¥ ¥¥$$$ $$ $$4 ¥$$:i CoKteHjto% The Prince of Peace (Poem) - - - Alumnus 265 ViRGii ' s " P01.U0 " AND Pope ' s " Messiah " Sophomore 266 His First Tear (Sonnet) - - Francis A. Lejeal, ' 06 274 Christmas Among the Poets - Edw. L, Kirk, ' 5 275 Joseph (Sonnet) H. Budde, ' 06 283 The Major ' s Story - - - G. P. Beaumont, ' 07 284 " No P1.ACE for Him in the Inn " (Poem) John Riordan, ' 05 294 A Sprig of Misti etoe - Martin V. Merle, Soph. Spc ' I 296 EDITORIAI.S — Merry Christmas - - - 301 Our Present Issue 302 ••Ring out the Old " 303 " Ring in the New! " 205 C01.1.EGE Notes 306 " AuLD Lang Syne " 312 In the Library 314 Exchanges 317 athi.etics 321 Nace PrintingCo Mj Ni CT pg Santa. Clara.Cal C J I ' o .2 •2 « s I ' e cd u ' - ' tn a be - o " S « « 5 5J ,y « 5S o y s C c4 » O O , o a o £ rt « W T3 3 I ' 2 «-, • S a P " .i2 S « :2 2- nj ca be 2 - £r o o 5 .5 o t- Co a pa o be (K j: m 2 ' Tl 3 C S S a ' V O lU U be tr a fl « », • r; ?3 -O 3 t; fl H Entered Dec. z8, 1902, at Santa Clara, Calif, as second-class matter under Act of Congress of March j, 1879. Vol.. II. SANTA CLARA, CAL., JAN. i, 1904. No. 5 THE PRINCE or peiace:, i7(i was ihe winirij Nasi and dark ihe ni hi J fhen hou, enamored of our sin-worn earth, Jlidsi fill it with hy miracle of li ht nd oalm its tumult hij hy iruortal hirth! ' sn 20, in countless wear if souls this morn, Jn manij a heart lone as yon rock-ribbed cave, hou aster of all hearts a ain art born, hou comest, as of old, to seek and save hat else foreer were lost, nd as of old, J i ht on the win£s of sctiddin ni ht winds fluni (f ' ar over mountain steep, der snow-hid wold, he tidings came by blissful choirs sun£; — J ' en so, as ' mid the heart ' s deep stress of pain, ere ' neath hy cross, beside hy crib we pray, jO ' er ru££ed depths it steals, it thrills a£ain, hat gladsome message of hy natal day ! lumnus. 266 THE REDWOOD. VIRGIL ' S " POLLIO " AND POPE ' S " MESSIAH. " " Ye nymphs of Solyma; begin the song: To heavenly themes sublimer strains belong. The mossy fountains and the sylvan shades, The dream of Pindus and the Aonian maids Delight no more — O Thou my voice inspire Who touched Isaiah ' s hallowed lips with fire! " It is useless at this late day to call attention to the points of similarity between Pope ' s famous ' ' Messiah " and Virgil ' s fourth eclogue; but it is none the less interesting to study the relation be- tween the two, as well as the prophecies which inspired them. Pope though professedly imitating Virgil, has had recourse to Isaias, the great prophet of Israel, and the result is that the Chris- tian eclogue is for truth far superior to the pagan exemplar. For whatever may be the poetic traits of Virgil ' s " PoUio, " it drops in our estimation as soon as we realize that it is at best only a beautiful piece of fiction. And yet though Virgil is speaking of an ideal golden age, that is to follow the birth of Pollio ' s son, his poem would almost pass as the original whence Pope had trans- lated his " Messiah. " This is the point to which we wish to call attention; the resemblance between the spirit of the one and the other. Nor can we do this better than by examining the sources whence both bards derived their thoughts. Happily in determin- ing this, we have the poets ' own words to guide us. " Ultima Cumaei venit jam carminis aetas " sings Virgil. ' Rapt into future times, the bard begun: A Virgin shall conceive, A Virgin bear a son; " are Pope ' s words, and he tells us in the line above that this bard is Isaias. The Sibyl of Cumse, then, was Virgil ' s guide; Pope followed the great prophet of Israel! So much seems evident. And yet, as we have said, the English eclogue with some slight changes would almost pass as a translation of the lyatin one. This is the strange point, and had we no further data, we should do THE REDWOOD. 267 well to conclude that the Sibyl borrowed from the Seer of Israel. We do not in this brief essay intend to determine whether this be a fact or not; we wish merely to suggest that there is an- other explanation of the case, and it is this: it may be that both the Prophet of Israel and the prophetess of Cumae received their knowledge of the coming Savior from the Spirit of God, and re- ceiving it from the same source, naturally spoke in similar lan- guage; just as Luke and Mark related these same wonderful events after their occurrence. Nor should such as assumption surprise our skeptical readers. Certain it is that in the words of the Prophet, " Christ was the desired of all nations, " and certain it is that Almighty God could, if he chose, manifest Himself and His designs to the Gentiles as well as to the Jews. In fact during the few decades that preceded the birth of Christ, the whole world was flooded with light. " It seemed, " says Monsignor Gaume, " like the first rays of the Star of Jacob, which was about to appear. " Even Cicero bears witness to this fact in the follow- ing words. " Non erit alia lex Romae, " he says in his De Republican " alia Athenis, alia nunc, alia posthac; sed omnes gentes, et omni tempore una lex et sempiterna et immortalis continebit, unusque erit communis quasi magister et imperator omnium Deus. " " There will be but one law, eternal and immortal, the same at Rome and at Athens; the same for all nations and for all times, and there will be but one ruler, one master of the universe, and that, God. " The difficulty that confronts the student is to determine the cause of this apparent foresight and expectation. In many cases, as we have indicated we may trace it to the Sibylline oracles, but this only heightens the difficulty. Did the Sibyls receive their knowledge directly from Cod, or through intercourse with the Israelites? Without attempting to give any answer to this ques- tion, and without entering into the many side controversies which it has evoked, we shall merely state our opinion and proceed to the study of the two great eclogues which have already been mentioned. It is undeniable, that the Sibyls really existed -and really prophecied; it is undeniable too that among their prophecies are found allusions to the birth of Christ from a Virgin Mother. 268 THE REDWOOD. " Jam redit et Virgo; redeunt Saturnia regna Et nova progenies coelo demittitur alto, " — as Virgil sings mixing the words of the Sibyl of Cumae with his own mythological fancies. It is moreover possible that many of the details which we shall quote, following Lactantius of the fourth century, are authentic, and that whether borrowed from Isaias or not, they caused some little stir among the pagans of Rome, who saw in them something of a superhuman character. Virgil in particular seemed to have been attracted towards this Sibylline wisdom, for in other places, besides his fourth eclogue, he has recourse to them for guidance. If we forego these conclu- sions, the similarity and in many lines the identity between Pope and Virgil, between the Cumaean Sibyl and Isaias is inexplicable. This identity we shall examine in detail. Isaias inspired by God and with the future opened before his prophetic eye, begins his predictions of the coming Savior in glowing terms: " Behold a Virgin shall conceive and bear a Son, and His name shall be called Emmanuel. " Again; ' For a Child is born to us . . . and His name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, God the Mighty, the Father of the world to come, the Prince of Peace, " " And there shall come forth a rod out of the root of Jesse, and a flower shall rise up out of his root. And the spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understand- ing, the spirit of counsel and of fortitude, the spirit of knowledge and of gentleness. " It is not difiBcult to see the connection between these lines and the following from Pope: " Rapt into future times, the bard begun A Virgin shall conceive, a Virgin bear a son. From Jesse ' s root behold a branch arise. Whose sacred flower with fragrance fills the skies. The ethereal spirit o ' er its leaves shall move And on its top descend the mystic dove. . . . All crimes shall cease, and ancient frauds shall fail; Returning Justice lift aloft her scale. Peace o ' er the earth her olive wand extend, And white-robed Innocence from Heaven descend. " Turning to Virgil we find similar strains: THE REDWOOD. 269 ' ' Jam redit et Virgo, redeunt Saturnia regna Jam riova progenies coelo demittitur alto, ... Te duce, si qua manent sceleris vestigia nostri Irrita perpetua solvent formidine terras, . . . Pacatumque reget patriis virtutibus orbem. " — " Now the Virgin returns to earth; now the kingdon of Saturn returns. A new child is sent from high heaven. Under thy rule whatever vestiges of our crimes remain shall be swept away, and thus thejworld shall be freed from perpetual fear. And he shall rule by his father ' s virtues the peaceful earth. " Unfortunately we have not all the words of the Cumsean Sibyl at hand, and on this topic we must be content to conjecture that Virgil has given us as close a translation as he has of the other passages, which we shall quote. The resemblance between Pope and Isaias is not at all surprising: the one merely borrows from the other; but the closeness of Virgil and consequently of the Sibyl to Isaias cannot fail to surprise us. The reference to the " Vir- gin, " the ' ' Progeny sent from Heaven, " " the blotting out of the sins of man, " the " Kingship of the Child, " His " Leadership, " His Peaceful qualities, are so closely allied in these two authors that students have placed this resemblance among the greatest phenomena in the literature of the world. And yet our wonder grows, when we examine further. Isaias viewing the joyful condition of Christ ' s Kingdom on earth tells us how the " wilderness shall rejoice and flourish like the lily, " how it " shall budforthand blossom and rejoice with joy and praise, " bow the " Glory of Libanus, " " the beauty of Carmel and Sidon shall see the glory of the Lord and the beauty of our God. ' ' Or as Pope puts it: " See Nature hastes, her earliest wreathes to bring With all the incense of the breathing spring; See lofty Lebanon, his head advance. See nodding forests on the mountains dance. See spicy clouds from lowly Saron rise And Carmel ' s flowery tops perfume the skies! " Similar strains we find in Virgil: " At tibi prima, puer, nullo munuscula cultu, " etc. We shall give Dryden ' s translation of the passage, having at hand none other: 270 THE REDWOOD. " Unbidden earth shall wreathing ivy bring And fragrant herbs, (the promises of spring) As her first offerings to her infant king — Unlabored harvests shall the fields adorn And clustered grapes shall blush on every thorn, The knotted oaks shall showers of honey weep, And through the matted grass the liquid gold shall creep. ' And so the similarity is preserved throughout. On one point however Virgil is silent. He describes the future of the Heaven- sent child of whom he sings, but mentions nothing beyond success in ruling the world; he says nothing of the miraculous order such as the following from Pope ' s " Messiah " borrowed from Isaias, xi iii. " The Savior comes by ancient bards foretold Hear Him, ye deaf, and all ye blind, behold ! He from thick films shall purge the visual ray And on the sightless eye-ball pour the day, ' Tis He the obstructed paths of sound shall clear And bid new music charm the unfolding ear. The dumb shall sing, the lame his crutch forego, And leap exulting like the bounding roe. " It is all the more strange that Virgil did not mention some such manifestation of miraculous power, because we find these lines almost word for word in the Sibyl. We shall quote from Lactantius, one of the early fathers of the Church, who lived and wrote back in the fourth century. In his beautiful treatise " De Vera Sapientia " this great Latinist and philosopher draws copious arguments from the Sibylline verses to illustrate his own views. He gives the original Greek of the Sibyl adding a literal word for word translation of his own. We must content ourselves with the Latin. " Omnia verbo agens et omnem morbum curans. Mortuorum autem resurrectio erit Et claudorum cursus erit velox, et surdus audiet; Coeci videbunt et muti loquentur. " " Doing all things by His word and curing all manner of sick- ness. There shall be the resurrection of the dead. The gait of the lame shall be swift, and the deaf shall hear, the blind shall see, and the dumb shall speak. " THE REDWOOD. 271 The silence of Virgil on this point may surprise us, but when we reflect that he was using the words of the Sibyl as a means of flattering his patron and that saying too much, he might appear ridiculous, we can readily understand why he is reticent. Al- though borrowing from the Sibyl he could not go beyond the ideas of the golden age already deeply rooted in the Roman mind. Any- thing about plants and flowers springing up at every turn would pass muster. Even in the taming of wild beasts there was a feature in which the Roman would delight, and it is on this very point that we find the greatest agreement among the poets. Everybody has read the prophecy of Isaias, in which he speaks metaphorically of the coming amity between the wolf and the lamb, the leopard and the kid, the calf and the young lion. Here is Pope ' s version of the prophecy: " The lambs with wolves shall graze the verdant mead. And boys in flow ' ry bands the tiger lead. The steer and lion at one crib shall meet, And harmless serpents lick the pilgrim ' s feet, The smiling infant in his hands shall take The crested basilisk and speckled snake, Pleased, the green lustre of the scales survey, And with their forky tongue shall innocently play. " And Virgil more briefly: " Nee magnos metueut armenta leones, Occidet et serpens et fallax herba veneni Occidet. " ' Nor shall the herds fear the great lions. The serpent shall die; die too shall the herb that trecherously conceals poison. " The Sibyl (we again quote Lactantius; this time from ' ' De Vita Beata, " ) is, like Isaias, more profuse. " Nee lupi cum agnis in montibus dimicabunt Herbamque lynces cum haedis p riter pascentur. Ursi cum vitulis simul omnibusque pecoribus, Carnivorus leo comedet paleas ad praesepia, " ' ' Nor shall the wolves and lambs be at strife in the mountains. The lynx and the kids shall feed together; the bears with the heifers and the common flocks; and the carnivorous lion shall eat straw at the manger. " 272 THE REDWOOD. Thus the resemblance between the " Messiah " of Pope and the " Pollio " of Virgil may be traced to the sameness that is to be found in the source whence each bard drew his inspiration. We might quote further, we might show a marvellous identity be- tween other parts of Isaias and the Cumsean Sibyl; but for our purpose, which was to place side by side some select passages illustrating the prophecies that had a bearing on the Birth of Christ, we have quoted amply enough. We cannot, however, conclude without one little passage from the Sibyl concerning the Passion of Christ. It is a digression, but will serve to bring out our idea more forcibly. Here it is as found in Lactantius " DeVera Sapientia: " In manus iniquorum et infidelium postea veniet; Dabunt autem Deo alapas manibus incestis, Et faucibus immundis sputa virulentia — Et colophas accipens tacebit — Dabit autem in verbera simpliciter purum tunc dorsum Et coronam portabit spineam, In cibum antem fel in sitim acetum dedermut. Templi vero scindetur velum et medio die Nox erit tenebrosa ingens tribus horis Et mortis fatum finiet, triduo dormiens, Et tunc mortem solvens in lucem veniet. " " He shall fall into the hands of the wicked and unfaithful; With impure hands they shall smite their God, And from unclean mouths they shall spit upon Him — Receiving blows He shall hold His peace, He shall give His pure back to the scourge, He shall bear a crown of thorns, For food they shall give Him gall; in His thirst vinegar. — The veil of the Temple shall be rent, and at mid-day There shall be great darkness for three hours. He shall die, sleeping for three days, And then breaking the bonds of death, He shall come into the light. " This is as literal a translation as we could make and certainly literal enough to cause wonder that such a detailed THE REDWOOD. 273 account of the Passion is found in Sibylline oracles. We are well aware of the fact that some commentators claim that such passages are Christian interpolations, but without entering into the contro- versy we wish merely to add that if the Sibyl could describe the Nativity so vividly, there is no reason to think that she could not give the other details from the career of Christ. What then is our conclusion ? Simply this that there are more wonders in this world than we generally suppose. SOPHOMORK. 274 THE REDWOOD. HIS FIRST TEAR, Virgin Mother look upon thy child First fruit of thine unstained Virginity! B sf SJ Hear Thou the angels ' thrilling minstrelsy: TOPm Think not upon the rough winds raging wild Without the cave. That Infant undefiled Is Heaven for thee; hut list! His first faint cry Of anguish; see a tear-drop in His eye, A look of sadness as of one reviled! Why doth He weep? Sweet Mother, tell me why. Why is that look of sadness on His face? Ah yes! He sees the Cross, the crown, the scourge, He sees e ' en now the (Roman soldiers urge Him on to death. He hears His people cry: Away with Him: we spurn His love and grace I Francis A. Lejeal, ' 06. THE REDWOOD. 275 CHRISTMAS AMONG THE POETS. Christmas, though primarily and essentially a religious festi- val, has a certain atmosphere about it that causes the human heart, even if otherwise irreligious, to leap with more than ordinary transports of joy. The merry bells peeling out their glad tidings, the songs of gladness, the yule-tide logs, and, in particular, the sumptuous banquets and the friendly gifts explain this un- usual jollity in a way; but we cannot explain it fully unless we have recourse to the deeper significance and importance of the festival considered religiously. The words of the Angel to the shepherds: ' ' Behold I bring you tidings of great joy, that shall be to all the people, for this day is born to you a Savior, who is Christ the Lord, " are still ringing in our ears. All men may not realize their meaning, but surely our only justification in the merry-making and joyousness of Christmas is to be found in these same words. The Feast is the commemoration of the birth of Christ the Lord, Who put off His glory and came on earth to make us heirs of the Kingdom of His Father. No wonder then that all men rejoice on this day, no wonder that the Christmas bells should fling their joyful news through the air, that the organs should peal their thrilling Glorias and heart-touching Hosannas; no wonder that we should send gifts of love and esteem to our friends and best wishes for a " Happy Christmas. " The occasion is one of unusual joy, and even those whose misfortune it is not to realize the b lessings received from the lowly Babe of Bethlehem are influenced by their surroundings, and almost in spite of themselves keep the gladsome holiday. Thus it was from the beginning; the shepherds who were favored with the vision of the Angel and who heard the glad news accompanied by the thrilling ' ' Gloria inExcelsis Deo et in terra pax hominibus ' ' spread the good word among their less favored breth- ren, till one and all, doubter and believer, they took up the cry: " Let us go to Bethlehem. " So, too, was it when the Divine Babe was presented in the Temple. Holy Simeon, it is true, was the only one who could say: 276 THE REDWOOD. " Now thou dost dismiss Thy servant, O lyord, According to Thy word, in peace; Because mine eyes have seen Thy salvation Which Thou hast prepared before the face of all peoples — A light to the revelation of the Gentiles, And the glory of thy people, Israel. " But yet there was an odor of sanctity in the temple that attracted others, who had ears to hear and eyes to see; and men began to think that in truth salvation was nigh. This we deem a necessary introduction to what we would say of Christmas in poetry, because to fully understand and appreci- ate the writings of poets, one must be able to enter into their feel- ings. It is well then, as a preliminary study, to determine the possible mental attitudes which men may assume in viewing the humble stable of Bethlehem, so as to know at a glance if the poet is influenced personally by the great event or merely led along with little or no innate feelings of piety. We shall therefore divide Christmas sentiment into two kinds, both of which, as we shall show, may admit degrees of intensity or coldness. But for our purpose the two general headings will suf- fice. Some there are, in the first place, who with a realization of the meaning of Christmas, and with contrite and humble hearts go back in spirit to the cave of Bethlehem to adore the new-born King, and, like the shepherds of the hillside, to oJ0Fer Him their love. Others, again, indifferent towards or altogether ignorant of the meaning of Christmas, go through the day, with light hearts and easy bearing, with no other thought than that of enjoying a few hours of earthly bliss. These may be compared to the minions of Herod ' s palace who were endeavoring to enjoy themselves in feasting and drinking, and perhaps in other less innocent pastimes. At all events they were entirely ignorant of the bright light that had arisen in the world, and the heavenly melodies that echoed through the hills of Judea. What to such men are the tidings of great joy? Accustomed to view everything with the eyes of the flesh, they are seeking the lusts of the moment and not endeavoring to build up mansions for the hereafter. These two different kinds of Christmas sentiment admit, as THE REDWOOD. 277 we have said, of degrees. The realization of the character of Christmas grows so intense with some, that, disregarding all earthly pleasures, they can spend hours of continued contemplation before the new-born King asking for His graces and His blessings, resting contented with the thought that God so loved the world as to give His only begotten Son up for its salvation. This degree of intensity admits even of sadness, as we shall see, sadness over the wretched condition of mankind, who fail to profit by the Savior ' s birth. Coming down from this degree by a gradual de- scent, we find a diminution of fervor until on the very limit of this class, we meet with those who know what Christmas means, re- alize the necessity of the Incarnation, feel the intensity of eternal love, but delight more in external gauds than in the deep signif- icance of the festival itself. From such men we shall find a greater amount of poetry, better poetry, too, in some re- gards, because they make the external world, serve as a medium of communication, — but not better Christmas poetry. It is useless to say anything of the second class. Devoid of poetry in their make-up, they cannot write poetically on such ele- vated themes as Christmas. We shall, therefore, delay no longer on these various sentiments or moods; it is enough to have men- tioned them before studying their expression in poetry. In this study we mean to disregard chronological order, mere- ly mentioning, as they occur to us some of the Christmas carols of our literature. To begin with Shakespeare. ' ' Some say, that ever ' gainst that season comes Wherein our Savior ' s birth is celebrated. The bird of dawning singeth all night long; And then, they say, no spirit can walk abroad. The nights are wholesome, then no planet strikes, No fairy takes, nor witch hath powers to charm, So gracious and so hallow ' d is the time. " To say that the great bard hit the spirit of the Christmas sea- son in the above beautiful except would be at once gratifying and to our purpose; but mingling, as it does, the most superstitious be- liefs of the time with the most unsuperstitious of all teaching, his passage is marred. The second and last lines are devotional 278 THE REDWOOD. enough, but they lack that completeness oi detail which all v ould like to have from the great dramatist. Milton enters more into details in his famous ode, and we shall therefore examine it more carefully. ' ' It was a winter wild. While the heaven-born child All meanly wrapt in a rude manger lies. Nature in awe of Him, Had doffed her gaudy trim With her great Master thus to sympathize. " Here we have one real element of the great Feast; the aban- donment of the Savior, His poverty. His helplessness. The rude manger and the winter cold are necessary surroundings of a Christmas scene, and the poet has made admirable use of them, and so throughout the poem, as in " But peaceful was the night, Wherein the Prince of light His reign of peace upon the earth began, " and even more pronouncedly in the last stanza: " But see, the Virgin blest. Hath laid her Babe to rest; Time is, our tedious song should here have ending. Heaven ' s youngest-teemed star Hath fixed her polished car. Her sleeping Lord, with hand-maid lamp attending; And all about the courtly stable. Bright harnessed angels sit in order serviceable. " Still with all this praise we must say that Milton has not a good Christmas ode. Not that we are bold enough to call the great singer ' s power into question. No; but with our ideal of Christmas sentiment, as explained above, we are forced to say that he falls below possible perfection in this one point, that he does not bring out the infinite love of the Infant Savior, and without this love the meaning of Christmas is lost. Coleridge in his " Christmas Carol " has given us all we could desire on one phase of the character of Christ. The poet ' s genius revels in the thought that " the Prince of Peace is born, " that THE REDWOOD. 279 the Savior of the world has come to quell the tide of battle and human strife. " Glory to God on high; and peace on earth, Peace, peace on earth; the Prince of Peace is born! " he exclaims, raised into ecstasy at the thoughts. His tribute to the Virgin Mother is beautiful and well meant perhaps, though he has not as noble a concept of Mary ' s dignity as we would like to see. " Thou Mother of the Prince of Peace Poor, simple, and of low estate! That strife should vanish, battle cease, Oh, why should this thy soul elate? Sweet music ' s loudest note, the poet ' s story, — Didst thou ne ' er love to hear of fame and glory? " These lines are beautiful in themselves, though when used to introduce the soliloquy of Mary on " wars " and ' ' murderous fiends, " that follows immediately after, the beauty is partly lost. Poetically considered such dissertation is in place, but it does not seem to us that it is proper to the simple character of the Virgin Mother. Charles Kingsley ' s " Christmas Day " is in many particulars a magnificent piece. The author speaks of the spiritual exaltation of man consequent on the birth of Christ. Delaying for awhile upon the selfishness and greed of man he breaks forth into elo- quent strains on the Infant Savior, " Who taught mankind on that first Christmas day, What ' twas to be a man; to give, not take; To serve, not rule; to nourish, not devour; To help, not crush; if need, to die, not live. " An exalted strain surely, but still there is a certain doubting spirit discernable through the poem which, we admit, may be poetical scepticism; but poetical or otherwise, Christmas is no sea- son for it. We want the real, the strong confidence that Christ the Lord is born, that He is nigh unto us, that His nativity is re- newed year by year, if not day by day in our hearts, that the angel choirs are still entoning the " peace on earth to men of good will. " 28o THE REDWOOD. Mrs. Hemans struck this key when she wrote: " Oh, lovely voices of the sky That hymned the Savior ' s birth! Are ye not singing still on high Ye that sang " Peace on Earth? " And yet even Mrs. Hemans has some faint tint of doubt. 0, star! which led to Him whose love Brought down man ' s ransom free; Where art thou? ' Midst the hosts above May we still gaze on thee? In heaven thou are not set, Thy ways earth might not dim, Send them to guide us yet, O, star! which led to Him. " This is beautiful; it is even beautiful poetry; but it is not alto- gether Christmas poetry. So is it with nearly all of the English poets, whom we have read; they mingle the beautiful with the grotesque, the earthly with the sublime. To find real Christmas sentiments we must go back to the mediaeval carols; back to the times when they sang 0h, my dear son, said Mary, oh, my dear, Kiss thy mother, Jesu, with a laughing cheer. " Such strains, humble though they may be, are the sweet, simple melodies of pious hearts, and surely piety is one of the essential requisites for the proper understanding and appreciation of Christmas. In conclusion, we shall call special attention to what we con- sider the best Christmas poem in the language, Southwell ' s " Burning Babe. " This famous martyr-poet was in a position to write according to the spirit of the great festival. He had expe- rienced many trials similar to those of the Savior, ' ' Who came to His own, and His own received Him not. " For it is probably known to the reader that Robert Southwell, poet, scholar and priest, going to England for England ' s sake was thrown into the frightful tower of London, was several times racked and finally executed for conscience ' s sake. This is but a digression, but it shows where the poet received his inspiration. Like Milton, the martyr-poet, begins with a description of the THE REDWOOD. 281 winter ' s cold, so necessary for the proper atmosphere of the mys- tery, but unlike Milton, Southwell makes his narrative present, for he realizes that the first great Christmas morn is but one in a series, and that year after year the Savior is re-born into the world for the salvation of men. Here are his opening words: As I, a hoary winter ' s night Stood shivering in the snow. Surprised I was with sudden heat, Which made by heart to glow, And lifting up a fearful eye To see what fire was near A pretty Babe, all burning bright, Did in the air appear. " Thus from the outset the poet brings to the front the very essence of Christmas, Christ ' s love for mankind. After this glow- ing prelude on the Savior ' s love, he draws a picture sad to be- hold. He lived in evil days, perhaps not much more so than our own, but yet evil and wicked. Men were accustomed to spurn the grace of God, to struggle along without His assistance, un- mindful and ungrateful. Hence the Savior ' s complaint: " Alas! " quoth He, " but newly born, In fiery heats I fry, Yet none approach to warm their hearts, Or feel My fire, but I. " The sadness which such an appeal is apt to arouse in our hearts may not be considered in keeping with the joyous festival; but if without any consideration of the love of the Savior and the ingratitude of men, we go on in earthly pleasures merely, are we really enjoying Christmas? The joy of Christmas consists in sym- pathy with the loving Babe of Bethlehem and so even when we read further, our sadness is converted into joy, that Christmas joy, which belongs to the few who return the Savior ' s love. My faultless breast the furnace is The fuel, wounding thorns; Love is the fire, and sighs the smoke The ashes shame and scorns The fuel justice layeth on 282 THE REDWOOD. And mercy blows the coals, The metal in this furnace wrought Are men ' s defiled souls. For which as now on fire I am, To work them to their good, So will I melt into a bath To wash them in My blood. With this He vanished out of sight And quickly shrunk away, And straight I called unto my mind That it was Christmas day. " Thus the great poet has given us the best of Christmas carols, the best because full of the brightest and noblest Christmas senti- ments. One cannot read the lines of Southwell without feeling the spirit of Christmas in its fullness, a spirit of love and gratitude for the Infant Savior, Who came on earth to save mankind. Edw. L. Kirk, ' 05. THE REDWOOD. 283 JOSEPH. hou too weri worthy theme for poet ' s art E ' en if thy father (David swept the string, Joseph, foster-father of our King! Thou, who when hitter sorrow ' s piercing dart Transfixed thy soul and urged thee to depart From Mary, didst from Heaven a message bring. To quell thine anguish and thy suffering. Thrice painful for thy better -judging heart. Fear not, the Angel said, ' tis but the Flower Of Jesse ' s (Root; for lol it is the hour m Of mystic growth, that all on earth may know t Their God is nigh. Fear not; thy Spouse is fair, Fair as the sun-oeam in the tranquil air , (Pure as on sun-lit mount the virgin snow, H.(Budde, ' o6. «84 THE REDWOOD. THE MAJOR ' S STORY. We had been talking about the power of man ' s will over his fellows and the conversation finally turned to the supposed efiScacy of a curse. The smoking room of a trans-atlantic steamer is scarcely the most appropriate spot for a debate, but it is the place above all others where one may occasionally hear a good story. So it was partly in the hope of hearing an interesting tale, and partly to quell the dispute which had arisen, that young Lanagan hitched his chair away from the fire and addressed himself to an elderly looking officer who until then had remained a silent listener. " Perhaps Major Blackburn, " he said politely, " may be able to tell us something in regard to the matter. " The request was eagerly seconded by the rest of the company and after a moment ' s hesitation the officer arose and tossing his cigar into the fire, advanced to the head of the table around which we were seated. ' ' Gentlemen, " he said, " I have listened with great interest to your discussion and I would hesitate to say any- thing about it myself were it not for the fact that I was fortunate, or, rather, I should say, unfortunate enough to witness a peculiar accident illustrating the subject, which I think will prove of sufficient interest to warrant my occupying your time in relat- ing it. " At this point, drinks were sent for and a box of choice Havanas was passed around. After the company had lit their cigars and settled themselves comfortably in their chairs, the Major, resting both hands lightly on the edge of the table, leaned forward and commenced his story. After the Sepoy rebellion had been suppressed in India, Eng- land determined to provide against any further uprisings on the part of the natives. With this purpose in view, she erected little forts throughout the country and garrisoned them with Sepoy troops and English officers as their commanders. The officers who were fortunate enough to be stationed in the larger towns had a THE REDWOOD. 285 rather easy time of it, and about all the work they did was in the line of hunting and dancing, with an occasional flirtation thrown in if things proved dull. All the responsibility and hard work rested upon the little outposts in the hills. The poor fellows who commanded these forts were usually isolated entirely from home, and spent their time in fighting the fever, quelling small riots in the neighboring villages and keeping up the courage of their superstitious and easily frightened Sepoys. These little forts were stationed in the midst of the most fanatical tribes, where they were forever like a bear in a hornet ' s nest; and like the bear they not infrequently got the worst of it. It is no unusual thing for a gar- rison of native troops to rise in mutiny, murder their officers and then quietly disband. Sometimes the government at home takes some notice of the matter, more often it does not, and soon people forget that there ever was such a place as Fort . 1 mention these things of my own experience that you gentlemen may better understand the position I was in, when I found myself suddenly appointed commander of one of these little outposts. As well as I can recollect it was in the summer of 1862, that I received orders from Calcutta to take command of a little — I was going to say fort, but really it was only a few bungalows, situated about a hundred miles north of Caconpore. That part of the coun- try had been the scene of many disturbances originated by the native priests for the purpose of driving the Europeans from the country. Many threats against the government had been made by them where any " white shahibs " were sent against them, and for this very reason, I was dispatched with a detachment of fifty men right into their stronghold. The only other Englishman beside myself was a wiry little doctor, and thank God he proved himself as good a comrade and as plucky a little soldier as I ever hope to meet again. We were in our new locality about a month before any- thing unusual occurred. Then the native priests started their deadly work. Acting in secret and without any knowledge, they began playing upon the superstitious nature of our soldiers. So well did the cunning devils succeed, that I very soon perceived a marked uneasiness in my troops, the cause of which I failed to un- derstand at the time. I was also puzzled at the attitude of the tribe of Hindoos we were sent to watch. They were not strong 286 THE REDWOOD. enough to attack us openly; but somehow I felt that there was mis- cheif in the air and I kept sentries on the watch day and night. One evening I was sitting out on the veranda with Arthur Roberts, the doctor. We had been resting there some time in silence, smoking our native cheroots and watching the moonlight filtering through the leaves, when the doctor suddenly broke the silence. ' ' Say Val, " he remarked, tipping his chair back and leaning his head against the adobe wall, " I ' ll be hanged if I don ' t think we ' re in for it. " " What do you mean, old boy? " I asked, for it was seldom that the little doctor looked on the dark side of things. " Well, " he answered, " it ' s just this. I think those infernal Brahmins are going to get funny again, and if they do, why it ' s all up; for our men will desert on the instant. " I grunted a sorrowful assent, but he took no notice. " They ' re all right till you get them scared, then as soon as there ' s a question of being cursed by Buddha or some other tom- myrot, why they ' re not worth the powder to — to — " He stopped short and struck a match indignantly. I waited until he had re-lit his cheroot. " What brought that into your head? " I asked, for I had been entertaining the same thoughts myself. He shrugged his shoulders and glanced curiously at me. " Is it possible, " he said, " you haven ' t heard the yarn that is going around among the men? " " No, " I answered. " What is it? " He gave a low whistle of astonishment. " The deuce! " he murmured, " I thought you knew all about it. The men have been talking of nothing else for the last week. They say that the chief Brahmin over at the Temple yonder, has set the curse of ' The Black Death ' on them, and unless they abandon the fort, we are to be burned alive on his altar as a sacrifice. " " A fig for his curse, " I laughed; " give me a couple of ' Eng- lish bulldogs ' and a few ounces of lead and he can curse all he wants. " " Oh! it ' s more serious than you think, Val! " remarked the doctor. THE REDWOOD. 287 " Why surely you don ' t mean to say that you believe in — " " No, " he interrupted, " I don ' t, but the soldiers do; moreover the villagers say that no man has ever lived more than three days after the old Brahmin has set this curse on him. How he does it I don ' t know, but For God ' s sake, what ' s that? Liste n! " A long, terrible, gasping cry rang out on the air; it was the cry of a man in mortal agony and seemed to come from a spot about a hundred yards from where we sat. " Come on, " I cried, grabbing up my sword, " something ' s up. " Together we hurried to the spot whence the sound had come. Five or six of the soldiers were bending over the prostrate form of one of the sentries and jabbering excitedly. " What the devil is this? " I demanded, while the doctor bent over the figure. For a few moments there was silence, then they all began to talk at once. " It is the Black Curse, shahib, " said one. " I knew it would happen, " said another. " Shut up, you fools! " I yelled, " who was the first to reach this man? " One of the soldiers stepped forward and saluted: " I was, sha- hib, " he said; " I was only a hundred feet away, when he yelled, but when I got there, he was on the ground dead. " " He ' s only fainted, you jackass, " I began. " You ' re wrong there, Val, " the doctor interposed in a strange voice. " The man is stone dead. See! " and he struck a match and held it over the man ' s face. To save my life I could not repress a start at what I saw. The murmurs amongst the throng of natives broke out anew. I still wake with a gasp, in the night time, with the face of that man staring at me in the dark. The eyes were glazed and nearly start- ing from their sockets, and the whole body was swollen and black, as if he had been suff ' ocated. The doctor was the first to recover. ' It is heart disease, " he said to the men. " Take him into the house. Come on Val, let ' s go to bed. " Together we entered the house and when we reached our room and started to turn in, the doctor spoke: " Well, " he said, " what do you make of it? " 288 THE REDWOOD. ' ' Why, " I answered, " I suppose lie was stricken with apoylexy or heart disease. " The doctor shook his head slowly. " No! " he answered, ' I know those symptoms when I see them. This man was murdered. " Several da3 s passed uneventfully and the excitement had be- gun to subside amongst the natives, when one night the big ser- geant came hurriedly up to where I was sitting. His face showed white under its cover of dusky skin. ' ' Another sentry is dead, shahib! " he said, saluting. " Is that so, " I answered calmly. " Bring him in here, so that the doctor and I may examine him. " In a few minutes some soldiers came staggering into the room, carrying the body of a Sepoy. " Put him down on the table there, " said I, kicking a couple of chairs out of the way. The men laid down their burden with alacrity and hastened out of the room in a manner that too plainly showed their feelings in the matter. As soon as they had closed the door, the doctor took off his coat and turned up the wick in the lamp so that the light shone strongly on the features of the body lying on the table. • ' Now Val, " he cried, " let ' s get to the bottom of this business. " " With all my heart, " I replied, rolling up my sleeves. To- gether we undressed the corpse and examined carefully every mark upon the body. There were the same staring eyes and black swollen face that had marked the other man, but search as we might no sign of violence could be detected. One thing alone was evident. This man and the other had both met the same death. I was about to give up in despair, when the doctor gave a low ex- clamation. Turning to him, I saw him bending over and looking excitedly through a small pocket magnifying glass at a curious little mark on the man ' s throat. " What is it. Doc? " I asked. " Have you found something? " He made no answer for a moment, but continued examining a little scar which seemed to have been caused by a burn. Finally he flung the glass down in despair, " I ' ll be hanged if I can find anything, " he said. " Suppose you take a hand at it, Val. " " No thanks, " I answered politely, " I THE REDWOOD. 289 pass, if you can ' t do anything. Help me carry this poor fellow out and then we ' ll come back and talk it over. " With much diffi- culty we carried the body to one of the out- houses and then re- turned to the house. ' Well, " I said, as I shut the door, " if this thing happens again, we ' ll stand a first rate chance of decorating the Brahmin ' s altar. " " You mean — " he began. " Yes, " I interrupted, " that ' s just what I do mean. You mark my words, if this thing happens again, there ' ll be the devil to pay. " The very next night my fears were confirmed in a startling manner. The Doctor and I were sitting together in our room moodily discussing the outlook, when we heard a great hubbub going on in the direction of the barrack room. We listened for a few moments to the hoots and yells which seemed to be growing louder. Then all of a sudden we heard the footsteps of many fnen running in the direction of the bungalow. " Look out, Doc! " I yelled, " what did I tell you! Here they come! " The Doctor sprang to his feet and drew a revolver; I did the same; and at that instant the frail door was burst from its hinges and a mob of swearing, excited soldiers rushed into the room. There was no time for parleying; we fired together, once, twice, three times, and then they scrambled back cursing and pushing their way to the open door, leaving three of their men, writhing on the floor. " Hold on, " I shouted, as I saw a few of them getting ready to use their rifles. " In the name of Buddha, hold! " They stopped for a moment in uncertainty, and I was quick to seize my advantage. Jumping upon the little itable that stood in the center of the room. " Listen, " I said, " I know why you have come. Another comrade has been stricken with the Black Death, is it not so? " " Yes, " shouted the burly sergeant, " and you will be the next. " The words gave me an idea. It was a vague improbable chance, but I determined to act upon it. " My friends, " I said, " Listen, I have a plan to offer you. Give us till to-morrow night to solve this curse and if we have not 290 THE REDWOOD. succeeded by then, I promise to send you home. Doctor Roberts and I will be the sentries and you can remain in the barracks. Is that fair? " There was a momentary hesitation, then a chorus of grunts expressed their consent. " AUright, " I said, descending from my perch on the table. " Take these poor fellows away. " When the last one had gone, I turned to the doctor, who was sitting on the bed, hisi brows wrinkled in deep thought. ' ' Well, old boy, " I cried, " that was a close call. I thought the beggars were going to use their guns at any minute. " " Yes, " he answered, " but have you any plan to discover the cause of the Black Death? " " None at all, " I said. " Still our only chance for our life is to discover what it is before to-morrow night. " All next day the little doctor and I arranged our plans care- fully for the night. We dressed in the uniform of the ordinary Sepoy, and thought and prayed to find a means of solving the mysterious deaths of our three soldiers. At about nine o ' clock in the evening, we took up our posts at the accustomed station of the night sentries. As an additional precaution we agreed to tie a piece of strong cotton thread to our wrists so that in case anything oc- curred to one of us a jerk on the thread would reveal it to the other. We were about one hundred yards from the houses and about fifty feet from each other. It grows dark early there, in the Autumn, and the place was so covered with trees and underbrush that we could scarcely see more than twenty yards ahead of us. For an hour or two we called back and forth to each other. Then we gradually drifted into silence. I have never been called a coward, but I must confess that as I stood there in the dark, my revolver drawn and every muscle at a tension, listening to the slightest sound, I was far from feeling comfortable. The danger that threatened us assumed such a vague and mysterious form that we stood there helpless, waiting like lambs to be slaughtered. I sup- pose that it must have been nearly 12 o ' clock when I thought I detected a faint rustling of the leaves at no great distance from me. Instantly I was on the alert. For a few minutes I heard nothing; THE REDWOOD. 291 then all of a sudden, a pistol shot rang out, then another, and an- other, and at the same instant there came a desperate tugging at my wrist. With a shout of encouragement I tore my way through the bushes toward my friend. I was there in less time than it takes to tell it. When I reached the Doctor ' s side, he was reeling and staggering about like a drunken man and was vainly trying to tear his coat off. Before I could catch him, he got it off and, flinging it from him, he fell to the ground, foaming at the mouth. At the same instant, I was conscious of a strong, stupefying odor attacking my nostrils. The Doctor was struggling on the ground and gasping for breath. " Back for God ' s sake, " he cried. ' ' Back for your life ! Look ! over there ! " and he swung his arm con- vulsively in the direction from which I had heard the previous sound come. As I looked it seemed to me I could hear someone moving through the brush. My blood was up. I had seen my dearest friend struggling in what seemed his last agony, and with- out stopping to think of the consequences, I dashed madly for- ward, clearing my way through the brush with my sword. In- stantly I could hear the sounds grow louder, as if someone had broken into full flight at finding he was pursued. Breathless and panting, my hands and face cut and scratched with the brambles, I forced my way desperately forward. The sound was ever before me. It seemed to me I had gone ten miles, though I afterwards discovered it was only two, before I felt that I had gained percept- ibly on what I was pursuing. At length I burst out into a littte clearing and there, scarcely fifty feet from me, was a figure clothed in white, which seemed to glide rather than run over the ground. I am no believer in ghosts and my revolver rang out twice as I stopped and took careful aim. But I was trembling and exhausted, and neither shot took effect. Suddenly the figure stopped and turned quickly around. Then I saw it was nothing more than a Hindoo priest, his face and figure hidden by a grotesque costume, intended to resemble a ghost. The moonlight glittered on a silver tube I saw him raise to his lips. Instantly I fired again and dropped quickly to the ground. I heard a peculiar whizz pass over my head, and for a few seconds I lay still. When I raised my head, the white clad figure was lying on the grass, face down- ward. My shot had been a good one. Cautiously I approached 292 THE REDWOOD. him, for one can never trust a Hindoo, but he was quite dead. My bullet had gone straight to his heart. I turned the body over and removed the mask. It was the man I thought, the High Priest of the Temple. In his right hand he clutched a long, slender, silver tube, which was nothing more than a blow-pipe, and around his waist I discovered a peculiarly constructed belt which contained a number of pellets, resembling ordinary quinine capsules. This, I felt confident, would solve the mystery of the curse of Buddha. Leaving the hideous body there I returned as quickly as I coul d to where I had left the Doctor. I could scarcely bring myself to look for him, fearing lest I should find only his dead body; but as I drew near I saw him lying under a tree, his eyes were open and he was breathing easily. To say that I was glad to see him would be putting it mildly. ' Thank God! old boy, " I cried, grasping him by the hand, " I was afraid I had lost you. " He smiled feebly. " Thanks, " he said, ' ' I ' ve been lying here nearly too hours, thinking the same thing about you. Those con- founded natives haven ' t been anywhere near here, I guess they ' re scared to death. By the way, " he continued, " did you see it too? I thought maybe I hit it but I guess not. " " Yes, " I answered, assisting him to his feet. " Come into the house and I ' ll tell you all about it. " Together we emerged from the woods where we were met by the corporal. He was evidently much surprised and a little disappointed at seeing us alive, but he said nothing. When we had reached our room, we flung ourselves on our beds, from which position I recounted to him what I had seen and done, showing him at the end the blow-pipe and capsules. The Doctor ' s brow cleared as he examined the capsules carefully. " Listen Val, " he said, " and I think I can explain the whole thing. You see these priests knew that it would not take much to scare our men, so they circulated the report that Buddha would visit upon them a terrible curse if they did not at once leave the neighbor- hood. To impress them more forcibly the High Priest conceived this diabolical scheme. I have seen these blow-pipes used before in hunting, but it never occurred to me that this it was that killed our men. You see these little pellets are filled with a juice extracted from a fruit the natives call ' The Apple of Death. ' As soon as they come in contact with anything they burst and the THE REDWOOD. 293 acid spreads over the object. The fumes that arise from the liquid are so strong that they will suffocate the animal they strike, and then in a few minutes they evaporate leaving no trace of their presence. I have seen the natives kill a bird at a distance of 100 feet with one of them. I felt myself that something had struck my coat and as soon as I smelt the odor I tried to get it off, and succeeded just in time. As it was, we both had pretty close calls. Seeing something white moving in the bushes I fired the shots you heard, but I was already dizzy, and the bullets went wild. " " Now, gentlemen, " continued the major, " one thing more remains and my story is done. We exposed the trick to our Sepoys and the next day led them to an attack on the temple. Most of the priests escaped, but the old Brahmin locked himself in one of the upper chambers and perished in the flames. So, in con- clusion, whatever is to said of other curses one at least was bogus; though it came very near putting an end to your humble servant. " G. P. Bkaumont, ' 07. 294 THE REDWOOD. NO PLACE FOR HIM IN THE INN, Is there no place in Bethelem for Thee, No place for Thine eternal majesty, Thou Word of God, Who shaped this ponderous world, Thou Mighty One, Who in a moment hurled The rebel angels to the depths of hell, Thou, Who in Heaven ' mid myriad hosts doth dwell ? Is this the greeting of Thy chosen race. Of those who longed to gaze upon Thy Face, Of those whom pitying Thou didst deign to call In safety out of Egypt ' s heavy thrall? Is this the meaning of their prayers and sighs That earth should open and a Savior rise? No place in Bethlehem, Good God for Thee? O monstrous race! O black iniquity! O, Israel, unmindful of thy God, Who broke the heavy subjugating rod Of Pharoah; yea and with the Heaven-sent bread Thy fathers in the desert erstwhile fed ! Arise, Jerusalem, be filled with light ! The glory of the Lord is risen tonight. And nations from afar shall come to thee. And in thy brightness bend adoring knee! ' Tis thus with fire-touched lips Isaias sings And lo! that light is risen; afar it flings THE REDWOOD. 295 Its vivifying rays o er all tlie earth, Bright gleamings of the loving Savior s birth; The nations come, a flood of light hath spread A glorious halo round the Infant ' s head; But thou, O blind, inhospitable race. Hath driven Him forth, the Fountain-head of grace! Ah me, that thus with feeble voice I cry Against this deed of heavy cruelty! Thou, Infant King, hast deigned to come to me And I no room within my heart for Thee, Can find, and yet for me Thou hast done more Than for the favored Israelites of yore. Thou, with a love surpassing human thought, Hast on the Cross my soul ' s salvation wrought; Aye, Thou hast borne innumerable woes. Mid scoffs and jeers from persecuting foes. And this for me, O Thou eternal King, And wouldst more blessings to Thy creature bring. Come then sweet Lord make Thine abode in me; I shall not say: There is no place for Thee. Come in the Sacred Food, which Thou hast given To be a foretaste of the bliss of Heaven; Come and possess my soul, lest I forlorn Should grieve on this thrice happy Christmas morn. John Riordan, ' 05. 296 THE REDWOOD. • A SPRIG or MISTLETOE. • I. It was all so silly. Helen fingered the packet of letters and laughed nervously. Her mother entered the room at that moment, and Helen endeavored to hide the letters in the folds of her gown, but the watchful eye of Mrs. Atherton had detected the action. " What are you doing my dear? " she asked, looking through her lorgnettes. • What am I doing, mother? " Helen questioned with an at- tempt at surprise. Mrs. Atherton ' s eyebrows went up half an inch, and her lips stiffened. " I repeat the question, — what are you doing? " " Why nothing, mother, it ' s — " Helen hesitated, " its only these. " She drew forth the packet of letters. Mrs. Atherton took the packet, the meantime noting Helen ' s quivering eyelashes. She glued her lorgnettes on the letters. They were all addressed alike on pale blue envelopes: For Mr. Robert Hilton, 914 West 85th Street, Manhattan. " What are they doing here? " was the next question in the cross-examination. Helen smiled sardonically. " Mr. Hilton and I found that we are quite unsuited for each other, so — so we simply returned each other ' s correspondence. " " And the ring? " Mrs Atherton stiffened preceptibly. " Oh! I still have the ring, mother. " Helen most cheerfully assured. " You see I had scarcely time to return everything; and besides, the ring takes such a tiny box. Have you a ring box? " " No, " came the firm reply. Helen breathed easier. To her intense surprise, her mother changed the subject. " Are the grips packed, Helen? I can ' t yet reconcile myself to your father ' s idiotic idea of spending our Christmas in Chicago. " THE REDWOOD. 297 " Everything is ready, mother. What time do we start? " " The train leaves the Grand Central at ten in the morning. Fancy traveling on Christmas eve. " " I shall be quite glad to forget New York, and — Mr. Hilton, " ventured Helen, idly fingering a large solitaire on her left hand. " Indeed! " Mrs. Atherton ' s eyebrows went up again, and she brushed out of the room after carefully laying the packet of let- ters on the table. Helen wondered at her mother ' s attitude toward the quarrel. She had determined already that she would let her own heart and conscience guide her in the matter, but her mother ' s indifference was appalling. Mrs. Atherton, however, had had her own courtship and un- derstood the situation perfectly. II. The Pullman rocked worse than a steamer at sea. One who has traveled the ' Lake Shore Limited ' can appreciate that fact. Mrs. Atherton and her daughter had engaged the compartment, and had remained in it since the train left New York. They rang for luncheon and had it served to them there, although the diner was only two cars ahead. It was late in the afternoon when Mrs. Atherton fell asleep over a fashion paper, and Helen, longing for more space, slipped quietly out into the car. She had her book with her — something new by Anthony Hope — and without looking around, she dropped blindly into the first vacant section. With a hair pin she began to cut the pages of her book, when she was suddenly conscious of the fact that someone was watching her. She looked across to the section opposite straight into a pair of brown eyes, then she blushed awkwardly, and the brown eyes opposite smiled. Robert Hilton, attorney, was about to speak. Helen leaned back, looked at him contemptuously for a moment, and then glued her eyes on her Anthony Hope — upside down. Hilton coughed anxiously and leaned forward. " You see, " he began, " I — " " I don ' t see at all, " snapped Helen, " and what ' s more, I quite prefer to remain blind. " 298 THE REDWOOD. " But you owe me — " " I owe you a ring and will get it immediately, " she rose. ' ' Hilton rose with her, and smiled easily. The train swerved, and Helen landed in Hilton ' s arms. " Helen, " he whispered. " She almost shrieked at her embarrassment, but gaining her composure she faced him stiffly. " Miss Atherton if you please — Mr. Hilton, " she snapped frantically. " But you know, " he burst forth, totally ignoring her last re- mark, " that you have put an entire misconstruction on the situa- tion of last Tuesday, and it is only fair to me that you hear my explanation. " Helen had nerved herself for the next twist of the train, and that alone kept her from interrupting his last speech. Besides she had always found it sweet to listen to him, but now it was not right. She must defend her cause. " No explanation can change my view of the matter, " she answered, tightening her grip on the back of the seat. " You gave your photograph to Miss Moulton, and that ' s all there is to it. " Hilton was not vanquished. " But you don ' t understand Miss Moulton ' s position, " he argued. " No, " bowed Helen, " but I understand my own perfectly. " She swept past him down to the compartment before he had a chance to answer her. " Miss Moulton is — " the banging of the compartment door saved him further waste of breath. He sank back into his section and stared out into the cold, gray afternoon. Suddenly the train came to a standstill, and Hilton grabbed up his cap and pipe, and dashed out to the platform to think for the five minutes stop, in the fresh air. As he alighted from the car, he almost fell over a small boy who had his left hand full of mistletoe, while with his right he poked a sprig of it under Hil- ton ' s nose. " Only ten cents boss, take it to yer lady. " An inspiration caught Hilton like a flash of lightning. He THE REDWOOD. 299 dove down into his pocket and drew forth a shining quarter. He thrust the coin into the grimy hand, and snatching the sprig of mistletoe, he dashed wildly back into the Pullman. The boy looked after him — then at the quarter. " Gee whiz! " he soliloquized, " he must have it bad! " He was right; Hilton did have it bad — that is, the inspiration. He tore a sheet out of his pocket memorandum, and began to scribble hastily some lines on it. So engrossed was he with his literary efforts, that he did not notice that the train was going again and that it was snowing heavily outside. With a flourish he finished his composition and folded it. Then taking the sprig of mistletoe he stuck it through the paper, and walked cautiously down to the compartment. With remark- able deftness, he succeeded in balancing it between the door knob and the moulding on the frame. A waiter entered the car at that moment and shouted in wel- come tones, " Dinner is served in the diner, two cars ahead. " Hilton plunged past the bewildered darkey, through the next coach into the diner, and seated himself, with a twinkle in his eye, at a double table, facing the entrance to the car. in. Mrs. Atherton awoke with a start. " Is that Chicago? " she asked eagerly. Helen smiled. " No mother, " she answered wearily, " we don ' t get there until tomorrow at one, according to the schedule. " " Oh, of course, I must have been dreaming, " said Mrs. Ather- ton, collecting her half-awake thoughts. Then she sniffed the air suspiciously and asked, " Helen, don ' t you smell something Christ- masy? " Helen sighed, and assured her mother that she did not. Then she arose, and suggested that they have their dinner served, like their luncheon, privately. She pushed the button, and after waiting five minutes in vain for an answer, she opened the door to call the porter. The note and the mistletoe fell gracefully at her feet. Helen started and stared at the innocent combination. Then she looked down the car and saw that Hilton ' s section was empty. 300 THE REDWOOD. She grabbed up the note and slammed the compartment door. Mrs. Atherton elevated her eyebrows. " What have you there, Helen? " she inquired, " a valentine? " " No, mother, " answered Helen, " only a note. " " From whom? " " It looks like — Mr. Hilton ' s writing. " Mrs. Atherton beamed. " Indeed! Is he on the this train? " " Yes. " returned Helen, with an effort at self-control. " Where is he going? " inquired her mother. Helen blushed. " I believe to Chicago. " Mrs. Atherton opened her fashion paper. Helen tremblingly extracted the mistletoe and unfolded the note which ran: " My dear Helen — Since you find a verbal explanation re- garding my photograph so distasteful to you, I beg to trust that a written one will meet with your consideration. Miss Moulton is a reporter on the Journal, and merely wished my picture to accom- pany her article on the Deveraux case. The article reviewed my speech at the court yesterday. That ' s all. Sincerely, Robert Hilton. " " P. S. — The mistletoe is my peace offering. " The note was short, polite and formal. Helen smiled broadly and stupidly. She was conscious of having been an imbecile, but she didn ' t care now. She kissed the sprig of mistletoe and pinned it on her waist. Then she turned to Mrs. Atherton. " Mother dear, " she said smilingly, " the bell seems to be out of order. We had better go into the diner. " Martin V. Merlk. Soph. Special, Q T Tifi a 3 L PUBWSHED MONTHI.Y BY THE STUDENTS OF SanTA Ci ARA COI.I.EGE. The object of The Redwood is to record our College Doings, to give proof of College Industry and to knit closer together the hearts of the Boys of the Present and of the Past. editorial staff. Editor-in-Chief - - Thos. F. Feeney, ' 04 Business Manager - - - John W. Byrnes, ' 06 associate editors. Literary - - - Martin V. Merle, ' ' ' T Francis H. Moraghan, ' 04 College Notes - - - Edward L. Kirk, ' 05 Athletics . - - Edwin Comerford, ' 06 Alumni - - - - - John Collins, ' 04 ASSISTANT BUSINESS MANAGERS. M. R. O ' Reilly, ' 06 Baldo Ivancovich, ' 06 Angelo Quevedo, ' 05 Address all communications to The Redwood, Santa Clara College, California Terms of subscription, j5i.5o a year; single copies, 15 cents. EDITORIALS. MEBBY CHRISTMAS. Merry, merry Christmas, haste around the earth; Merry, merry Christmas, scatter smiles and mirth. Merry, merry Christmas, better gifts than gold; Merry, merry Christmas, to the young and old. Merry, merry Christmas, may the coming year Bring as merry a Christmas and as bright a cheer. " It is the old conventional saying, we know, and frequently as cold and meaningless as it is ancient; but throwing our hearts into 302 THE REDWOOD. it, as the Poet of the South, Father Ryan, has done in the above lines, we send it forth to all our friends; to the Faculty, to the students, to our subscribers, our patrons, our contemporary journal- ists, and last, but by no means least, to our faithful advertisers. Yes, the Redwood enters into the joyousness of the season, the season of the Savior ' s birth, the season of peace and happiness to men of good will, and with humble voice we fling the glad tidings through our little circle of friends. " Gloria in excelsis! sound the thrilling song; In excelsis Deo ; roll the hymn along. Gloria in excelsis! let the heavens ring; In excelsis Deo! welcome, new-born King. Gloria in excelsis! sing it, sinful earth. In excelsis Deo! for the Savior ' s birth. " OUR. PRESENT ISSUE. And so we have endeavored in our own humble way, to throw a certain Christmas atmosphere around our present issue. The cover design represents Christmas in California, a green, vernal Christmas, it is true, but entirely typical of our surroundings. There may be something serene and calm in the falling flakes of snow, something chaste and spotless in the white mantle that else- where overspreads the earth, something poetic and fairy-like in the icycles hanging from the house-tops and from the barren twigs; but we in California must accommodate ourselves to the Eden-like scenes around us. Nature, for some reason or other, does not " doff her gaudy-trim " in this land of sunshine; all is richly verdant; hillside and valley, mountain-top and plain, clothed in garments of green. The Redwoods, which find a suitable place on our cover, send their tender off-shoots to the glowing fireside to be the centre of innocent mirth, the Christmas tree, while they stretch their liv- ing branches to the sky, now as of old; yea even when the Savior was born, and further back when the chosen people of God yearned for His coming, they were here, these great monarchs of the West, standing alone in the forest primeval. Now they look down on orange trees and date-palms and meadows, all smiling THE REDWOOD. 303 with a varying tint of emerald beneath the vernal rays of the sun. True, the rain at times falls heavily down upon this joyous land- scape, but only to purify the air and bring the distant hills to closer view. We would therefore be out of touch with the season, as we know it in the West, if we attempted anything but the liv- ing picture which greets the readers of the Redwood. In the body of our magazine we have aimed for the most part at the religious significance of the great Festival. Our poems unworthy though they be, are centred on the three leading Per- sonages of the mystery of Christ ' s Nativity; the Infant King, His Virgin Mother and His foster-father, Joseph. Without some little endeavor in this line, we would hesitate to send our number out to the world as a Christmas publication. Our essays, thoughts often thought before, have about them a certain spirit of the festival, and if our stories cannot properly be termed yule-tide stories they are from the very fact of being fiction proper to the most fairy-like though the most real of seasons. To those who may imagine that our ferverino insertions sin against taste, we would say that on this point everybody must follow his own standard. There may be some who in Christmas find other meaning than ' ' Christ born to save the world, " there may be some who rejoice on Christmas morn without thought of the lowly Babe of Bethlehem, but for us, we can see no reason for rejoicing except in the thought that a Child is born to us. Who is Christ the Lord, Whose name shall be called " Wonderful, Coun- sellor, God the Mighty, the Father of the world to come, the Prince of Peace. " " RING OUT THE OLD. " Ring it out, because though bright or spotted, it is past, it is dead! We may feel proud of it, we may blush at it, though it is always better to blush than to feel proud. It seems but a few days ago, since we came back to college with a strange mingling of hope and anxiety; hope for a successful run of five months, anxiety occasioned by the many difficulties which, we knew awaited us. For there are difficulties in college life; in fact, they form part of our education; without them our formation would 304 THE REDWOOD. be incomplete. To illustrate how these opportunities arise we shall divide college students into three classes: the generous, noble-souled gentlemen, who look to the common good; the selfish, harmless individuals who stand apart from everything that is not for their personal advantage; and, finally, the " knockers, " who in- capable of anything themselves, wish to throw down and cast obliquy on their neighbors, and their neighbors ' doings. It is well, therefore, in ringing out the old year, to know what kind of a year it was for us personally, and we think that every college student will find himself in one of these classes. Let us examine them separately: Class I. This is made up, as we have said, of the generous, noble-spirited youths who work for their college. It is a class of patriots, so to speak, of men who keep selfish motives in the back- ground or at a minimum. You can see them at times sacrificing play to duty; you can see them hammering away at their books, preparing debates for their debating societies, or essays, stories, poems for the college paper; you can hear them shouting madly at all athletic contests where the honor of their college is considered their own. In a word they are everywhere, and at all times inter- ested in the common good. This is the typical class of Santa Clara, it always has been, and always will be. Yet to guard against degeneracy, we should know how to recognize the others. Class II. The selfish. Of course there are two degrees of selfishness; a negative passiveness and a positive egotism. The former cannot do harm; it is for the most part an inborn apathy, recognizable in want of activity more than anything harmful. The positive selfishness is also harmless to a certain degree; its votaries are ever active in something, and though their motive is unworthy, they frequently help along a team, an association or even the gen- eral good spirit of the college. The real harm comes from the third class, if it is numerous enough, though as far as our experience goes, it cannot become very numerous under normal conditions. Class III. ' ' Knockers Now what is meant by " knocking " ? It is only another word, of college origin, for a combination of jealousy and high-blown pride. Self-centred jaundice-eyed Jeal- ousy often walks hand in hand with her animated-balloon-like sister Pride. The alUance is a natural outgrowth of self-importance and self-satisfaction. But to be a successful " knocker, " you must act THE REDWOOD. 305 with a certain degree of righteous indignation. If something is going on and you wish to " ' knock ' ' it, begin by enumerating some good qualities, put it on a pedestal and then, when it falls, it will fall like lyucifer, never to rise again, it will be hurled to pieces be- neath your well-directed hammer. Thus we think a college population may be divided. We have given particulars so that when you bury the past, you may bury the weaknesses of the past, if there be any, and then — R.INO IN THE NEWI " Ring it in with a certain snap, or if you wish, with a great amount of ' ■ ' ginger ' ' for there is going to be something doing in college circles next term. Under the management of Fran Farry, and with such able players as Ryan, Bray, Emerson, etc., the Santa Clara baseball team is going to work for first place among the colleges of California; the track-men, with Joe Griffin and Louis Magee to guide their destinies, intend to do glorious work on Fr. Morton ' s new cinder-path; the Redwood, too, will en- deavor to improve, and with the assistance of the yard, will im- prove. So on through all our college interests; a glorious term awaits us, but it can be made more glorious by co-operation. Therefore put your shoulder to the wheel, your shoulder, begin now or you never will begin. And as a definite way of showing your loyalty, bring back after vacation at least two subscriptions for the Redwood. The more you bring, the better; but aim at a minimum of two! We mention the Redwood specially because of all college interests it is the one you can most easily, and directly and substantially help during vacation. 3o6 THE REDWOOD. COLLEGE NOTES- First Friday Celebration. The solemn services of the First Friday in December will ever be remembered by the present students of Santa Clara. A desire long cherished by Reverend Father Rector had at length been realized, and the most Blessed Sacrament of the Altar was exposed from after Mass until Benediction in the evening. The double purpose of this exposition, — reparation and consecration, — was well understood by the students, and their constant visits of devotion manifested their appreciation of the opportunity thus afforded them of showing their filial affection towards the Sacred Heart, the symbol of the Savior ' s love for man. Besides the individual visits, all the different classes, the sodalities and organizations had their hours appointed for a visit of twenty minutes in common, so that at no period of the day, not even during dinner hour, was the chapel without a considerable number of worshipers. A spirit of piety seemed to hover over the yard during the day, such was the frequency of visits. We feel confident that the boys of Santa Clara will look forward to and welcome every First Friday, for the cus- tom has been established to last. THanKsgiving Play. On the evening of Nov. 25th, the dramatic artists, who for sev- eral weeks had been in training under the critical eye of Mr. John Hayes, S. J., made their appearance before a crowded house. They had not gone far with the entertainment before the loud applause and hearty laughter of the audience made them realize that their tedious hours of preparation were not in vain. The entertainment was a double-header, a comico-tragic affair. Shakespeare ' s learned sock was on for a short while, but only as an introduction to a side-splitting farce-comedy. The Shakespearian element was the Ghost scene from " Ham- THE REDWOOD. 307 let. " John Ivancovich was the ghost and his superb make-up together with an exact, intelligent interpretation of the part caused a feeling of awe among the audience, while it sent a cold shiver through the youngsters in the galkry. Herbert Oswald, as Ham- let was all that could be desired, and his companions, Horatio and Marcellus, impersonated respectively by Theodore Cecil and Robert McCormack, gave evidence of a superior dramatic ability which we hope to see brought out in some of our more lengthy dramas. The comedy which followed this serious piece, was one of the most mirth-provoking entertainments we have had in years. Adapted as it was, for college, presentation, it lost none of the real jollity in the original " British Tourist. " We think that it was, if anything, an improvement, with splendid opportunities for Michael O ' Reilly ' s Irish wit, and for Wm. McKagney ' s " ridiculous refine- ment. " George Casey in the role of a Chinese waiter, took the house, while G. Beaumont, J. Ivancovich, J. Regan, A. Aguirre were non-plus-ultra. The electric light effects in the apparition of the ghost were specially prepared by Professor Montgomery and received much praise from the critics present. We subjoin the cast for both performances: GHOST SCENE FROM " hAMI KT. " Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, Herbert Oswald; Ghost of Ham- let ' s Father, John J. Ivancovich; Horatio, Friend of Hamlet, Theo- dore M. Cecil; Marcellus, an officer, Robert N. McCormack. THE BRITISH TOURIST. Anthony Peacock, a wholesale grocer, Wm. J. McKagney; Richard Peacock, his son, Gerald P. Beaumont; Stephen Tickell, a lawyer, John J. Ivancovich; Robin Swayne, a clerk, John M. Regan; Gen. Goliah Z. Wolfe, U. S. A., August M. Aguirre; Andy O ' Neill, Mr. Peacock ' s valet, Michael R. O ' Reilly; Waiter at the Grand View Hotel, George Casey. A great deal of praise is due to Wm. Curtin, under whose skillful stage management everything proceeded smoothly and quietly. 3o8 THE REDWOOD. Senate. The good work of the Philalethic Senate is still kept up; every member entering into the discussions with animation and earnest- ness, every member showing signs of diligent preparation and anxiety to have his side of the debate victorious. This is the real spirit, the spirit of fight and to it we owe our success. On Wednes- day evening, December 2, a large contingent of House members was present, and after a few brief remarks from some of the num- ber, the debate was begun. " Resolved: That the occasion makes the man, " may seem to be a barren topic, but more life was found in it than can easily be imagined. Naturally the " making of the man " was the hinging point; some maintaining that military great- ness such as that of Napoleon was the standard of real greatness, others contending with might and main that an individual may have all the martial glory possible and yet fail in the requirements of true manhood. Brilliant statemanship w as then sifted in every conceivable manner and it was shown that eloquence, and even success in the arena of legislation was not necessarily indicative of real manhood. The question thus dwindled down to the simple, but all important consideration " What is man? " and the Senators almost repeated Diogenes ' feat of going round and round looking for the real thing. Alexander, Caesar, Napoleon, Peter the Great, and several other heroes of note came up before the body for con- sideration, and each in turn was discarded as not having any more of the element of man, and perhaps not as much as the common rustic of the country. On our own American heroes there seemed to be more agreement and so, after finding a real man in Washing- ton and Lincoln, the Senators were earnestly discussing the pro- cess of their formation, when the hour for adjournment came and all retired, in great perplexity over this problem of man. It was at this meeting that Mr. J. P. Hogan, a graduate of Gonzaga College, Wash., was elected unanimously into the Phila- lethic Senate. On his entrance into the body, he made a brief but eloquent speech, from which we could judge that no mistake had been made in conferring upon him the title and dignity of a Senator. ctq ' t-t- THE REDWOOD. 309 The final meeting of this semester was full of good feeling and satisfaction in the year ' s work. Everybody realized that much work had been done towards the mental formation of the members of the Senate and everybody is looking forward to the next session with hope and eagerness. With Messrs McElroy, Hogan, J. W. Comerford, Griffin, Plank added to the list of members, the Phila- lethic branch of the Eiterary congress has a great future before it and will, we doubt not, profit by the opportunity. TKe House of PKilKistorians. " Unheeded flew the hours; How noiseless falls the foot of time That only treads on flowers. " Time has indeed trodden on flowers for the Philhistorians during the semester which has just closed. So enjoyable were the hours they spent together, so sensible was the feeling of good-fel- lowship, so lively and interesting the debates, that the Monday evenings were always looked forward to by them with the keenest anticipations of pleasure, and when those did come, they passed more quickly than moves the proverbial weaver ' s shuttle. After all, few features of college life are more beneficial than such liter- ary unions, as certainly none are more delightful. In them the students learn to know each other in a way which t he classroom or yard cannot afford; they interchange in an expeditious fashion, the most refined products of their studies and talents; they acquire new and enlarged modes of thinking; and thus they become in in every way more broad-minded, tolerant, and cultured. Moreover, the mental warfare of debate is a much more potent intoxicant than even that of physical contest, for there it is often a question of mere avoridupois, while here, on tho contrary, the " Soul ' s in arms, and eager for the fray. " How tame and feeble sounds the referee ' s whistle on the much-vaunted gridiron, for in- stance, when compared with the sharp ominous, spirit-stirring beat of the gavel. And speaking of gavels reminds us that the House has been enriched with one of historic value, one presented to it by the Rev. Father Foote, to whom it had been bequeathed 3IO THE REDWOOD. by the Rev. Father Caredda, who in turn had received it from one of the most forceful of the Presidents of Santa Clara, the Ven- erated Father Varsi. On the reception of the gift, a committee composed of Messrs Kell, Cuenco (who are the best of friends when not relentless opponents) and Woodford sought out the donor to offer him the thanks of the present Philhistorians and of the " millions yet to be. " A budding young orator has been added to the roll in the person of Mr. H. Budde, who, as soon as his Philhistoric aspira- tions became known, was elected by acclamation. His speech of thanks amply proved that he has the ability to give a good account of himself in the work of the House. The number of Representatives is now thirty-five, the highest in years. Mr. Belz, the clerk, feels that his lines have fallen in pleasant places. Financially, also, things are booming. Treasurer Peterson, when giving an account of his stewardship, showed a snug sum in the right column of the ledger. Since our last issue, the question. Resolved: That the Federal Government should protect the negro in his rights of suffrage, was debated by Messrs Ryan, Peterson, and F. Kirk on the affir- mative, and Messrs Kell, Pope and McDougall on the negative. As might be expected from the personnel, the argument was clear- cut, forcible, and sustained until the end, while the ' ' give and take " rejoining elicited frequent applause. The last question to be settled was that Unions are Detri- mental to the Laboring Classes, the contestants being Messrs Carter, Cuenco, and J. V. McClatchy on the affirmative against Messrs Woodford, Harrison and Pearce. The debate was a very worthy ending for the session. After the vote which was in favor of the affirmative, brief but graceful farewell speeches were made by several representatives and by the Chair; then the rous- ing cheers having been given for the House, it adjourned to meet again in 1904. The House as well as the Reverend chairman, Father CuUi- gan — to whose energy and inspiration so much is due — are to be congratulated on the splendid record of the past half year. Dur- ing the semester there was no falling off of membership; on the THE REDWOOD. 311 contrary, the roll-call evoked an ever-lengthening litany of sonor- ous " ayes. " Naturally enough, after a year marked by so much success, good feeling and enthusiasm, notwithstanding their bright hopes in the new session with the new faces and the new pleasures it will bring, the Philhistorians felt, as they adjourned for the last time in 1903, that many an incident of the semester just closed would one day hold a place among the most cherished recollec- tions of the college days in auld lang syne. Junior Dramatic Society, The closing meeting of the Junior Dramatics was, as some re- marked, " short and sweet, like a donkey ' s gallop. " After the usual reading, essay and criticism which were excellently given by Messrs Maher, E. Ivancovich and Fisher, respectively, the Presi- dent addressed a few words to the Society, and then speeches from the retiring officers were in order. In his remarks, the President thanked the young men for the good service they had rendered the Society during their term of office, calling special attention to the whole-souled interest they had constantly manifested in every- thing which could contribute to its betterment. Messrs Brazell, E. Ivancovich, Carew, Moraghan, McFadden spoke briefly but feelingly. Among the different sentiments given utterance to by the young speakers, esteem for the Society and its members, coupled with sincere good wishes for their successors whoever they might be, stood forth pre-eminently. It is needless to add that during the five minutes ' recess granted before adjournment, there was plenty of hand-shaking and inter-changing of complimentary remarks. It is rumored that a select committee from the Society, con- sisting of James C. Brazell and George Ivancovich, acting in con- junction with W. V. Regan as adviser, have held several interesting try-outs of ambitious candidates. The results will be announced later. 312 THE REDWOOD. PKilosopHers ' Day. According to a long standing custom, the feast of St. Cather- ine, November 25th, was a day-off for the Senior and Junior classes of Philosophy. A trip to the oyster-beds at San Mateo was the principal feature of the day ' s program; and, in some ways for the Seniors and J uniors, the principal feature of the entire year. There was nothing to blight the general good feeling and in- tense pleasure of the wisdom-lovers, except, perhaps, it was the little accident on the bay. Owing to the skilful management of a sail- boat by one of the party, whose name we are not at liberty to mention, several were almost capsized, but as the same skilful hand prevented the catastrophe, we are willing to take his word for it; that there was no real danger. " AULD LANG SYNE. " The first Consul to represent the new Republic of Panama in the United States and the second diplomatic officer of the embryo government, is Ramon Arias Feraud, Commercial Graduate ' 96. Mr. Feraud is an amiable, intelligent young man, one who will give general satisfaction to this government, if his own little Re- public remains. He is related to Ricardo Arias, one of the leading figures in the recent secession of Panama, and has several rela- tives attending Santa Clara College, all brilliant young men and destined, if things continue as they are, to do great service to their fatherland. Charles Graham, A. B. ' 98, for several years our baseball coach, and during the past season catcher and captain of the Sac- ramento team, has been united in marriage to Miss Clara Black of Sacramento. The nuptial Mass was celebrated in St. Vincent de Paul ' s church, San Francisco, by the Rev. Father Ryan, assisted by the Rev. J. Cunningham, S. J., of the College, and the Rev. J. Galvin, A. B. ' 98, at present, assistant pastor of Holy Cross Church, San Fran- cisco. Miss Mary Graham of Santa Clara attended the bride, while Grant Black of Sacramento was best man. Charlie has the best wishes 7: JO t n THE REDWOOD. 313 of the College students, whose only regret is that this marriage may deprive them of one of the best baseball coaches in America. He has led us to victory several times and could do it again. Still we must not be selfish. So you have our warmest congratula- tions, Charles. The Rev. Joseph C. De Rop, S. J., for several years musical director at the College, and kindly remembered for his amiable disposition, paid us a visit recently. Father De Rop is now doing missionary work among the European population of San Jose. His knowledge of foreign languages serves him in good stead and his success in reclaiming wandering sheep is phenomenal. During a recent meeting of the Santa Clara Bar Association to which nearly all the prominent attorneys of the county belong, Victor Scheller, B. S. ' 86 and Clarence Coolidge A. B. ' 90 acted as President and Secretary respectively. Both are successful in the law and both worthy representatives of Santa Clara. We notice that J. E. McElroy, ' 90, the present City Attorney of Oakland, has been elected Grand Knight of the newly organ- ized Oakland Council, Knights of Columbus, and that the Reverend T. O ' Connell, A. B. ' 92. was one of the Committee in charge of the institution of the Council and has been elected its first Chaplain. Notable among the old boys present at the wedding of Andrew Welsh, which we mentioned in our last issue, was Charles J. Welsh, A. M., ' 95, the brother of the bridegroom and vice-president of the Welch Company corporation of New York, San Francisco, etc., as well as president of the Cape Cruz Sugar Company, which con- trols vast plantations in Cuba. We are always glad to hear of the men from the Southern part of our State, the chosen field of labor of Stephen M. White, in whose achievements every Santa Clara boy finds inspiration. News comes to us that the mantle of the great senator has fallen on another Santa Clara boy, John Mott of Los Angeles, vv ho is fast making himself a name in the legal world and is held to be the first orator of the South. 314 THE REDWOOD. IN THE LIBRARY. SAIMT CUTHBEBT ' S. BY THE REV. J. E. COPUS, S. J. — BENZIGER BROS. N. Y., 75 CENTS. In a neatly bound volume of some two hundred and fifty pages, Father Copus has given us a new novel. It is a story of real college life with real boys who, though full of boyish weak- nesses have a nobleness about them tha t at once wins our affec- tion and sympathy. As far as we have been able to discover there is not to the book, as a whole, anything that might be termed a plot; but interest in stories, as in poetry and drama, does not cen- ter itself in the plot so much as in the incidents and characters. It is here that Father Copus scores his greatest triumph. The characters of Howard Hunter and Frank Stapleton are drawn with such accuracy of detail and fidelity to life that they cannot but take with the American boy. Stapleton especially, though ready at all times with his pranks and jokes, is an ideal youth, one who will appeal strongly to the boys ' heart and one moreover that could almost be set up as an exemplar for a College student. The reformation of Rob Jones, a youngster who had been considered one of the incurables, is a master-stroke, so true is it to real life. Everybody, who has had experience in a boarding college has seen similar instances of reforms wrought at times by a kind word or deed. These are but a few hints at character sketches which have attracted our attention. For the plot-lover, there is ample matter in the different little incidents of college life, treated with such ex- actness. The haunted mill and the ghost party is a case in point, a good case too. The students intend to frighten a new comer, they succeed, but with the sad consequences that the object of the joke becomes seriously ill. Here it is that the writer introduces an element entirely his own. When the youth is sick, his fellow students make a " novena " for his recovery; they have caused the trouble and they must pray it ofi ' . How natural such a proceeding THE REDWOOD. 315 is in Catholic colleges, only those who have had the good fortune to attend one can understand. But this is not the only religious point contained in " Saint Cuthbert ' s. " The novel might be called an instruction put in a pleasing manner. At all events we think that the average boy will learn as much of real solid interest for his moral side from one perusal of this novel as he would in a week from formal exhortations. Generally we fear for a young man ' s moral health when we see him pouring over light novels; but if he reads such books as this one of Father Copus, we shall not only have no reason to fear, but we can in all truth predict real moral improvement. DIVINE GR ACE. BY THE RKV. K. J. WIRTH, PH. D., D. D. BKNZIGER BROS. N. Y. $1.50. The very title of this work is sufficient to prejudice some minds against it. Divine grace! What need have we twentieth century people of Grace? Give us romance or give us nothing! Judging from appearances, we must say that for the present pur- poses of many there is, in truth, no need of Grace. It is not nec- essary for the world-engrossed worshipers of Mammon, it is not necessary for the slaves of passion; on the contrary Grace would destroy the very essence of their hopes and anxieties, it would change their aspirations and such a change they cannot welcome. But for the few who look to the world to come, for the few who are not carried away by the flood of infidelity which is at present de- vastating the world, this work of the Reverend E. J. Wirth will be welcome. They who can say of Grace what Solomon says of wisdom, " All good things came to me together with her, and innumerable riches through her hands, " will find in this book a veritable source of consolation and comfort, as well as a clear exposition of the great " mystery of Christ, which, " according to St. Paul, " in other generations was not known to the sons of men, as it is now revealed to His holy apostles and prophets in the spirit; that the Gentiles should be fellow-heirs, and of the same body, and copartners of His promise in Christ Jesus. " For such as realize all this and who feel that their true dignity consists in the 3i6 THE REDWOOD. Grace of God and for such only we shall review the book before us. The volume, a series of instructions arranged according to the Baltimore Catechism, is a complete treatise on the nature and operations of the Grace of God, in a popular style which the ordinary mind can readily understand. The Reverend author begins with a clear definition and division of his subject and then running through the many intricate problems that come up before the student, he examines in a special manner the different head- ings cf his division. The infused virtues of Faith, Hope and Charity; the state of the soul when adorned with or deprived of Sanctifying Grace; i. e., the condition of saint and sinner; the necessity incumbent on all men of co-operating with Grace, and finally the Grace of Perseverance, all receive copious and concise treatment in a style, which, for precision challenges the minutest criticism. To all who are interested in the wisdom of Heaven we recommend the book highly. CABKOLL DAR.E. MARY WAGGAMAN — Bl NZIGER BROTHERS, N. Y., $1.25 The gifted author of " Corinne ' s Vow " has given us another beautiful bit of fiction in " Carroll Dare. " The plot is laid in France during the troublesome time of the French Revolution. Massacres, riots, perils, heroism, fidelity to God and country and a hundred other characteristic traits of the Reign of Terror are woven into the narrative with admirable skill. Besides the histor- ical interest which the novel thus possesses, there is a romantic feature running through it all at once pleasing and instructive. The marriage of Elinor Dare to the Comte Armand de Monfort, who had come to America with Lafayette, the departure of the newly married couple to France, the death of the Comte and con- sequent grief of the Countess are all portrayed with such inter- esting fidelity to the times, that we are carried along with an in- tense desire of knowing more about the amiable character of Elinor. But when Carroll Dare, the hero of the story goes to Revolutionary France for the purpose of bringing his sister home to Maryland we feel loath to drop the book. The young Ameri- THE REDWOOD. 317 can ' s experience among the Jacobins, the Girondists and the Roy- alists are at once favScinating and terrible. Fascinating in as much as they bring out the lovable character of the youth, terrible in the light of lawlessness and ferocity in which the blood thirsty nature of the Revolutionists appear. Other attempts have been made to produce novels with the French Revolution as a background, — some, too, have been suc- cessful, but never before have we been so fortunate as to read a better attempt to bring out the Catholic side of things during that terrible era, than this beautiful little novel of Mary Waggaman. EXCHANGES. We have endeavored to go to press as soon as possible with the hope of reaching our exchange friends before the holidays. The long distance which separates us from some may prevent this timely arrival and for such, it will be sufficient to know that we did our best to arrive in time to wish them the blessings of Christ- mas. To our near neighbors we need no such explanation, for we shall catch them even at their desks and so, fellows in journalistic throes: A Happy, Happy Christmas! What is the happiness of Christmas for an exchange man? The consciousness of having been square and fair in the past and the determination of remain- ing square and fair for the future in his dealings with contempo- rary endeavors. This is limiting his happiness a bit; but we do not wish to imply that he will have no other form of Christmas joy. On this fundamental point will rest his whole castle of jollity, because faithfulness to duty is the prime element of mental rest, and mental rest is a necessary requisite for happiness. Whatever else the friends of the Redwood will have to fill their cup of bliss, we know not, all we know is that many, the Dial, the Holy Cross Purple, the Georgetown Journal, the Flenr de Lis, the Brunonian, and to come nearer home, the S. C. V. Student, the vSanta Clara Tocsin and others too numerous to name, have good reason to bring to their Christmas dinner a heart full of satisfaction and contentment that they have succeeded admirably well in their respective fields. As for ourselves, we shall go home with joyful hearts and 3i8 THE REDWOOD. contented minds, happy in the thought that through the generous contributions of our fellow students we have been enabled to turn out over three hundred pages of interesting, and, we trust, not infre- quently literary matter during the past five months. THE FLEUK DE LIS. This highly literary journal has come to us in an entirely new dress; both the cover and the page stuff have undergone a change. It is but natural we think that the students of St. lyouis Univer- sity should like to know how the change takes with the outside world. California taste is too often ideal, we admit, the climate and scenery work too forcibly on our aesthetic parts; but a word from us will not be out of place. We would say therefore to the Fleur de Lis staff, that the new dress, however it might become, less pretentious magazines is not worthy of the matter contained in their present number. We do not object to the cover; that is good enough. The yellowish paper, reminiscent of turbid water, is what moves us. It might suit other less literary articles, but for such contributions as " Philosophy and I iberty, " " The City of the Tombs, " " How the Court Martial was Dissolved, " it is, in our mind, unworthy. THE BED AMD BLUE. Coming all the way from the University of Pennsylvania, this Eastern exchange cannot be but welcome. The latest arrival, the Harvard Number, full of foot ball articles and portraits of foot ball players, is typical of the season ' s sport. The athletic enthusiasm prevented any copious display of literary talent, though there is much to admire even on this score. " How the Gridiron Became a Checkerboard " is a clever article, one in which a college student delights. " A Half Hour on the Water " is well told, though we were led to wonder whether the youth who found the half hour so trying was an American-bred lad or not. All in all we like our new friend, feel very thankful for the visit and hope to see it again frequently. THE REDWOOD. 319 THE BRUNOMIAN. Another recent visitor to our table, and no uncouth visitor either, is the Brunonian from Brown University. Neat in matter and manner, in style and substance, it is evidently one of the lead- ing student journals in America. The opening article, " The Pres- idents of Brown University, " shows a certain praiseworthy respect for things historic. Other contributions like " John Fiske ' s ' Through Nature to God, ' " " The Human Mind, " " The Alchemist, " give evi- dence of a high literary standard. Nor is the humorous side neg- lected. There are some choice specimens of that higher humor in which man delights. To say nothing of other brilliant contribu- tions, ' An Argument for the Defense " is so very rare that we do not hesitate to quote part of it, for the benefit of such of our Wes- tern friends that are not so fortunate as to have an opportunity of reading this excellent Brunonian. Why, sweetheart, do you scorn the weed, And why look down upon the clan That uses it? For you who read The classics know how great god Pan Would hit the pipe. When he began. Both nymphs and beasts he would allure. And also please the inner man. That pipe stands high in literature. John Milton says a simple reed, An oaten pipe, is all he can When writing draw upon. There ' s need To tell us who in these days scan His verse, just how the Puritan Made use of oaten pipes. (For sure A corn-cob seems a better plan.) Yet his pipe rules in literature ly ' Envoi From pipe of Pan on flowery mead Delighting in his sinecure, You ' ll find the pipe for which I plead Well justified in literature. 320 THE REDWOOD. THE YOUNG EAGLE. While regretting the exit of our friend Alpha from the jour- nalistic world, we are consoled to find in the Young Eagle a paper that will fill the vacancy. Somehow or other we like to deal with Lady-folks, and their papers so tasteful, as a rule, are ever delight- ful visitors. This new comer from Wisconsin is by no means an exception to the general rule; rather, if we may venture our opin- ion, it is an additional reason for our esteem of Lady journalists. In the November number we find much to admire and praise. The ' ' Trip to Alaska in Summer " is interesting and well written. The essay ' ' Orestes A. Brownson " shows a knowledge of facts and a cultured, discriminating taste. The poetry too, though scarce, is of a high order. We liked " A Misconception " very much; it has a certain feminine ring to it, but who can object to that? In con- clusion, we would say that the " Protest " from the younger Eagles should not pass unheeded. w w o ' H H ■ V H l l Mf l HP hL ?. hHH PPPHBI h Hb L 1 SHHH bt " ' a ■BpPIIVlHHE SH Hh dyp J| r 1 ™ ' ' nM ' mM mf -(« S. (D 5r- THE REDWOOD. 321 ATHLETICS. Amid the blare of brass and the dazzle of incandescents, amid the rallying yell and the campus song, the dying moments of the reign of King Football were danced away with light fantastic toe. The pigskin season of ' 03 is over and with it the different versions on " how to tackle low, " " how to fall on the ball, " " how in case of emergency to prop up a broken rib, " — have been placed among the legends of the past. The oval is put aside neglected and unnoticed, while the heroes are preparing with more than usual zeal for the mid-term examinations. An occasional crutch may still be seen as a relic oi proper tackling; but for the most part, the bright red sweater with the College monogram is in evidence. In taking a retrospective view of the past season ' s work, we naturally ask ourselves: Have we maintained the standard set in former years? We think we have and for us this is sufficient. The season dawned like a spring day bright and clear. No clouds marred the dome of our anticipations and the prospects of success triumphant brought joy and gladness to our hearts. What little clouds did gather as the season advanced, were soon dissipated and with points in toto sixty-one to twenty-four against us we emerged from the season satisfied and joyous. TKe Individual Players. The individuals of the first team, whose genial faces and ath- letic forms adorn this number have, in the opinion of all, given evident proof of their prowess on the gridiron, of their loyalty to Santa Clara and of their general good sportsmanlike spirit. A word of commendation for these heroes will not be out of place in this closing number of the term, and though outsiders may consider our remarks rather optimistic, we shall make them none the less, both because the men deserve a mead of praise and because we wish to hand their names down to future generations. Beginning with the ends, we find five deserving of great praise. 322 THE REDWOOD. Hicks, Haack, Belz, Ivancovich and Aguirre. True at the close of the season the two last named were the only men who held the position; but Belz had played several games and would in all pro- bability have been entitled to a place in our pictures, had not the management determined to limit the number to eleven. Hicks and Haack too, though at no time sure of their right to hold down end, were called upon to fill vacancies at critical moments and did some splendid work. As it is however we can only have two ends and after due consideration it was decided to confer the honor on Aguirre and Ivancovich. Both have served for two years; both were on the famous team of ' 02 when everything went down before us. They are fast on kicks and never fail to stop at- tempted end-runs. Aguirre is perhaps surer in piling up the mass of interference; but things are equaled by Ivancovich ' s swiftness of foot and dodging ability. Going in the line to our tackles, we again find several to whom honor is due. McElroy, Plank, Woodford and Barre have at different periods officiated as tackles, though at the close of the season when it was necessary to reduce the number, McElroy and Plank alone remained. It is almost a waste of words to attempt a panegyric on these two warriors, such is their reputation among us. Plank ' s weight his three years ' experience and his clear head have united to make him as reliable as any wearer of the mole- skin. Few tackles there are who can withstand his plunge through the line to break up interference, and fewer still who can prevent him from making a hole for a buck through guard and tackle. All this is equally applicable to McElroy, who for several years back played on the Nevada ' Varsity eleven. He too can break the opponent ' s line at will, or if need be pile them up in an unsightly heap. In speaking of our guards we think that no one can or will object, if in the first place we mention the good work of Wm. Tom Blow. A slight twist of the knee made him retire before the season was over, but so brilliant was his playing during the season that, had he not met with the little accident, we should certainly have twelve pictures instead of eleven to adorn this issue of the Redwood. His work at Berkeley and Stanford was especially noteworthy; his goal-kicking, his running adown the field, his THE REDWOOD. 323 clever tackling made him a sure thing on the team, until his mis- hap brought forward Tom Leonard. The strength of the line did not suffer by the change, for Tom is the biggest football player on the coast, and one of the surest too. He stepped into his position towards the end of the season and when the soldiers from Fort Baker wished to lose the ball they knew where to try a buck. Tom ' s companion guard was Woodford, who for a while, as we have said, acted the part of tackle. He never played the game before; but, oh my! how quickly he mastered the various points. Our center-piece, Hubbard stands alone in his glory, alone not because he had no rivals; but because he had such control over the ball that no one could compare with him. Alone too is quar- terback Magee, the pet of the rooters, always the hero of the day, always there with the bells. His punting, his sure passing, his masterful generalship of the plays would win him a place on any team in the state. His substitute, John Regan, would have easily won the position had not Magee been so very good. John would have been able to fill the bill; but Louis more than filled it. Our backs, Wm. Magee, Feeney and Bray held their positions in the end, merely because the McClatchy twins and Schmitz were not their equals in size and weight. These backs, — and all played at different times during the season — form a sextet the equal of which is not always easily to be found. The McClatchy twins are for swiftness and heady work superior to any their size. Their success on the second team proved this. Schmitz though, it was not until the end of the season, that his star began to rise, was de- prived of the honor of making the eleven, only by the fact that the back positions were filled. Magee, right-half, has a wide-spread reputation. The best punter on the coast, the best bucker, the best tackier, he was fre- quently sought after by the Stanford ' Varsity men. Last year, after leaving Santa Clara, he played wilh the cardinals, but he re- turned to Santa Clara this year and did excellent work. Feeney, left-half, who has made the first team for four years straight, needs no commendation. He is a football player whose runs are pro- verbial, and well as a baseball player; he was football captain and to the general satisfaction of the yard has been chosen baseball captain too. This is a sufficient encomium. Bray, our full-back 324 THE REDWOOD. was a worthy third behind the line. Low, hard bucks were his specialty, though he failed not in bringing the opponents to a sudden stop whenever they escaped the tackles and ends. Such was our team as it emerged from the season: but we had almost omitted Manager Fran Farry, the nonpareil! He it was that worked against difficulties to secure games; he it was whose skillful management brought us over the season without financial deficits, and with general satisfaction on all sides. His selection as manager of baseball is a sufficient testimony of esteem. With a long farewell to the sturdy pigskin champions, we shall now look forward a bit, and analyze the prospects open before the gentle ball tossers. Baseball OiitlooK. Prospects may be misleading at times, as is admitted by poli- ticians, yet it seems to be in our nature to put much trust in them; for after taking hold of and considering them from every point of view we are wont to pronounce the outlook good or bad. If good, we anticipate fairest success; if otherwise, — well we will get busy hunting up remedies, and prepare ourselves for the future with a bold, undaunted front. After a careful review of the baseball situation we pronounce the prospects good, and hence our anticipations of a successful season rise high. First of all, there is a fine baseball spirit in the yard. Many of the fellows like the game immensely well, and of course when you like a thing you are going to give it your best efforts. Spirit is a fine thing, especially in athletics. It is in fact a necessary element of success. Secondly, those who are in a position to help the game along are ready to help it. Too much praise cannot be given Mr. Mor- ton, S. J., the Director of athletics, for the splendid interest he shows in all branches of college sport, and for the masterly way in which he supervises them. Tom Feeney, who has been elected captain, has the admiration of all the school, and the respect of all the ball players. The very idea that they are working under him THE REDWOOD. 325 will make the candidates for ' Varsity positions redouble their efforts. Manager Farry, whose former experience has qualified him for the work, is always willing and always able to help the team. His dealings with outside managers have won respect for our baseball players, and the very name of Fran Farry is a sufficient guaranty to visitors that they are going to get all that is coming to them. Then we are assured of a coach, than whom there is none in the land better qualified to round out a first class college team. Thirdly, the material might be classed as good. Of last year ' s team there are Capt. Feeney, " Hal " Chase, Griffin, Farry, Ivan- covich, Ryan and Whealan. Certainly with these men, and with the other available material, a good team can be built. The great difficulty lies in the loss of the two redoubtable slab artists of last year. " Bob " Keefe and Carmel Martin, will be hard to replace. We do not hope for better, because there are none such. We hope that some of the rising pitchers will prove worthy successors. The prospects therefore are good as a whole. But sometimes they mislead, and we will have to wait for the gentle springtime before we can say anything with certainty. Track Team, At a recent meeting of the track men of last year, Joe Griffin and Louis Magee were chosen unanimously to fill the offices of manager and captain. Much of our former success is due to these men, and it was not without universal approbation that the result of the election was announced. Both are interested in the sport; both efficient athletes. It was the same Joe Griffin who captured five first places in our meet with the University of the Pacific. Magee is a star at the hurdles and the broad jump. Under such generalship and with several of last year ' s team we have reason to hope for some interesting contests. Already practice has begun; every night Belz, McGregor, Collins, Griffin, Magee and a dozen or so new men may he seen hard at work. Recent improvements on the track render it im- possible to give all the opportunities we would desire; but the 326 THE REDWOOD. machinery will start in earnest after the holidays, when we hope to see more aspirants after track-team monograms. We shall have any number of men for the various events; but the more, the mer- rier and be it remembered that a successful field athlete is easily formed. Everyone may not be able to compete for honors in the sprints, everyone may not have the vaulting instinct; but he who has brawn can in a month ' s time develop into a hammer-thrower, he can learn to put the shot and even to hurdle. Every point counts in a track-meet; even second place in one of the events may win the day. We would like therefore to see more candidates at the afternoon practice. The new track ought to urge you, if nothing else; but we would suggest another motive, college spirit. Let other victories besides those of football and baseball light on the well beloved banner of Santa Clara College. THE REDWOOD 327 FIRST HONORS FOR NOVEMBER, 1903. BBANCHES. SENIOR. JUNIOR. Religion F. Moraghan J. Cuenco, L. Hicks, T Leonard Ethics F. Moraghan Mental Philosophy J. Cuenco, L. Hicks Natural Philosophy T. Feeney J. Regan W. Blow, L. Hicks Chemistry H. Jedd McClatchy, J. Regan . . W. Blow Mathematics J. Regan C. Russell Political Economy F. Moraghan L. Hicks Higher English J. Regan J. Riordan Advanced History F. Moraghan L. Hicks, J. Riordan SOPHOMORE. FR ESHMAN. Religion H. Budde G. Casey English Precepts C. Jansen G. Fisher English Author J. Courter G. Beaumont English Composition E. Comerford G. Beaumont History Geography , . ; H. Budde ... R. Shepherd Elocution W. Blow G. Beaumont Latin J. Byrnes E. Ivancovich Greek H. Budde E. McFadden Mathematics H. de la Guardia J. Boschken L. Woodford J. Brin 1st ACADEMIC. 2nd ACADEMIC. Religion H. de la Guardia J. Bach .... English Precepts L. Woodford J. Bach .... English Author H. de la Guardia J. Bach .... English Composition F. Hecker J. Bach .... History Geography R. O ' Connor J. Bach. . . . Civil Government H. Lyng . . . Elocution L. Woodford A. Zarcone . Latin H. de la Guardia H. Lyng . . . Greek H. de la Guardia H. Lyng . . . Mathematics C. Kilburn W. Beasley 3rd ACADEMIC. 4th ACADEMIC. Religion A. Ivancovich W. Hughes . English Precepts J. Leibert A. Bunsow . . English Author M. Shafer R. Madigan . English Composition M. Shafer R. Madigan . History Geography A. Ivancovich A. Bunsow . . Civil Government A. Ivancovich Elocution J. Daly A. Bunsow . . Orthography A. Bunsow . , Latin P. Wilcox A. Bunsow. . Greek P. Wilcox Mathematics C. Nino L. Ruth 328 THE REDWOOD Pre- Academic Classes. Isf. 2nd, Religion L. Bowie L. Ruth English Precepts G. Quijada F. Bazet English Author J. Auzerais ... English Composition C. Fortune L. Ruth History Geography A. Donovan L. Olivares, L. Ruth Elocution A. Donovan L. Ruth Orthography J. Manha F. Bazet Commercial Course. 1st BOOK-KEEPING. 2nd BOOK-KEEPING. Ed. de la Guardia J. Brin Special Classes. 1st SPECIAL. 2nd SPECIAL. 3rd SPECIAL. lyatin F. Belz J. Comerford R. O ' Connor Greek F. Belz J. Comerford R. Archbold F. Hecker Elementary Science. DIVISION A. DIVISION B. E. Hessler J. Bach THE REDWOOD High Class Knitted Wear SWEATERS 5R_ ALL Made of pure Lamb ' s Wool in endless variety of stitch, style and color. UNDERWEAR for -f Form-Fitting garments in Pure LINEN, LISLE, WOOL and SILK pleasing the most fastidious and exacting dressers GYMNASIUM SUITS FOOTS AI.I SUITS B ASBB AI,I, SUITS TENNIS GOODS KNITllTlNGCO, ATHI BTIC SUPPI IBS ° " " " ' ' SAN FRANCISCO, CAI . ® . i Santa Clara College i 1 THE PIONEER UNIVERSITY | 2 OF THE PACIFIC SLOPE This famous institution of learning, which is in charge of the 9 Jesuits, has a reputation even in Europe for the completeness of © 7 its equipment and the thoroughness of its instruction. With most f 2 complete and appropriate accommodation in every department, V and a full staff of professors, the institution offers uncommon ad- r ? vantages for the mental, moral and practical training of young men and boys. ? Full Particulars may be obtained ? I? . f 3 BY Addressing the . . . o i Rev. R. E. Kernia, S. J. I V Santa Clara College f J Santa Clara, . _ . . California THE REDWOOD ' " y W Wy K y yWA Tor U| =to=Date €lotbe$ for ! oung men go to PAUSON CO. 300 Kearney Street WORIvD B:!5AT:eRS FOR OVi RCOATS J. O. ROBINSON PHARMACIST Pierce Block Santa Clara, Cal. Picture Kraming Of lEvery Description GALLAGHBR BROS. 27 GRANT AVENUE SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. Strictly One Price Up-to-Date Styles ] ucker- adsen ompany Carpets Draperies Furniture Upholstery Window Shades 61 to 67 N. First St. SAN jos: , CAI,. PhoJie Ks:cliatige 31 Phones in all Rooms; Private Exchange J. TURONNl T, Prop LAMOLLE HOUSE Only First Class French Hotel and Restaurant on the Coast. Furopean Plan. Cor. Santa Clara and San Pedro Streets SAN JOSE, CAI, THE REDWOOD T. W. Hobson Company At The Busy Corner FIRST AND POST STREETS SAN JOSE, CAI,. fSh fSh Carry the most complete stock of Suits, Over- coats, Hats, Furnishing Goods, Trunks, Suit Cases, etc., in Santa Clara County. An inspec- tion of our goods is asked. Courteous treatment. Money back if not satisfactory. Our latest cata- log for the asking. tf? tft ?|? T. W. HOBSON COMPANY SAN JOS , CAI,. ■mm mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm THE REDWOOD c O Telephone Main 5327 Illnstratlng: Ulm. Brown Engraving Co. I alf = Cone €tidraver$ 2iinc Etchings n 417 Montgomery Street SAN FRANCISCO. CAL B, ZtMrbath % Sons Importers and Dealers in Papen twines and Cordage Telephone, Private Exchange 14 416-426 Sansome Street, San Francisco " Piano Our own manufacture — 50 years on the market. A thoroughly well-made reliable piano at a reasonable price. Also sole agents for Chickering, Mason Hamlin, Vose, Sterling and other pianos, and Apollo Master Player. Pianos Furnished Santa Clara College; Notre Dame College, San Jose and San Francisco; and Notre Dame Academy, Santa Clara. BEN J. CURTAZ 6c SON 16, 18, 20 O ' FARRELL ST., CURTAZ BUILDING, S. F. BRANCHES— San Jose, Fresno, Alameda, Stockton, Palo Alto. THE REDWOOD Cable Address, " APPLRTON. " ABC Code. Telephone Front 76 HOOPER JENNINGS CO. INCORPORATED Successor to Thomas Jennings Importers and Wholesale Grocers Dealers in Butter, Provisions Dried Fruits, Etc. 213-215 Front St., Cor. Halleck, between California and Sacramento Sts. SAN FRANCISCO CAI,. s fOS Og Vi THE REDWOOD i @ i Smart Young Dressers | Young men who want swell things — who want every late kink in cut and making thrown into their suits — Come here for their clothes. We hold the trade of the Young Wen of the Colleges Our Fall and Winter Suits and Overcoats are Stunners Spring ' s Market and Santa Clara Streets San Jose Byers=McMation Co. 39-49 South Market Street, Cor. Post, San Jose. Telephone Blue 279. The Store That Saves You Money — Carpets, Drapems, Turniture, Stoves Linoleums and Window Shades Carpets Cleaned and Relaid Upbolstering F. Schilling Son Tire Jlrms and Sporting 0oods ... SAN JOSB, CAIy, 37 Bl Dorado Street Winchester, Marlin, Colts and Rem- vi ington Rifles; Winchester and Marlin P Repeating Shotguns. We deal direct m with manufacturers. Strictly One Price |W THE REDWOOD Some of the good things College Men appreciate : SPORTING GOODS We carry a large line of Sporting Goods of the best quality— Spalding ' s. Baseballs, Bats, Catchers ' Masks, Mitts and Gloves SHAVING OUTFITS Single Raijors of guaranteed goodness, Brushes, Strops and Soaps, or in sets — a wide variety of combina- tions. Men who lack skill in handling the ordinary razor, or those with tender skins, will find complete satisfaction in the use of a Safety Razor. FINE CUTLERY An unequaled line of Pocket Knives, Scissors and Manicure Instruments always on hand. Boschken Hardware Qo. ' fAl% l:tAt ' 44 CroD s ?.!??i?™?iLfi?r.? Photo Supplies and Stafioticry 12-14 South First Street San Jose mould m like a good paying position? We are placing our graduates in good paying positions in San Jose, San Francisco, and many other cities in California. We secure more positions for grad- uates that any ot er two schools outside of San Francisco. Call and let us show you a long list of successful graduates, $ati 3o$e Bii$ifiie$$ College Second and San Fernando Sts., San Jose. Six Months, any Course, $45 W. Boucher, Princi pal. OLL BROa Real Estate and Insurance Phone North 60 Santa Clara, Calif THE REDWOOD SPORTING GOODS Football Supplies Send for Catalog CL GOLGH UGH, 538 MARKET San Francisco O ' BRIEN SPOTORNO Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Poultry and 6ame, Butter, g:bee$e and £99$ Stalls 3, 4, 5, 6, 37, 38, and 39 California Market Private Exchange 515 California Street Entrance, San Francisco, Cal. If you do not wish to be tempted to use hard words, like this man, send your work to the Enterprise Laundry Co. SANTA CI ARA ■ ssJatew rS=» P5 Telephone Grant 96 i aBQi sEBi iaas KKiaiiaaaisi Res. Clay 165 THE REDWOOD Young Witn ' s Tmnishings Jtnd the new Tall StyJes in Heckwear, Ijoskr and 0hves Young Uleti ' s Suits and B ts now 0n exhibition at O ' BRIEN ' S SANTA CI ARA, CAI,. WM. F. BRACHER Dealer in Bicycles and Cycle Sundries Pierce, California and Hudson Bicycles Repairing a Specialty looo to 1004 Franklin Street, Santa Clara SAN JOSE SANITARIUM c£ii£ySISR..SX SISTERS OF CHARITY Race and San Carlos Streets SAN JOSE, CAIv J. V. STEPHENSON R. K. KENNEDY. Yoti trade here you save money here Stepbcnson Drug Company Telephone, Main 221 Porter Building, San Jose, Cal. H. E. WILCOX D. M. BURNETT ATTORNEYS AT LAW Rooms 19 and 20, Safe Deposit Building San Jose, Cal. THE REDWOOD 4LllMAllllllilMMAl»lllin»llllllllimlllll)llilllllillninlllihllilliyl lllLlliMldlllliml liiMl liiiill liiiMyltlhuM lnMldlJliiMll lhnl liiMl lhnlliliMillli lmilL lMnllill Delicious Ice Cream and Water Ices A specialty of Fancy Ice Cream Bricks and Individual Moulds for Parties and Weddings. C 5. Burniqht Phone James 1391 120 S. First Street L. CAMPIGLIA J. SPINELLI CAMPIGLIA CO. Groceries and Fruits Vegetables, Nuts and Candies Fruit and Vegetables packed and shipped to any part of country Kvery article Warranted Pure and Fresh and Prices IvOW. Telephone John 661 103-105 South Market Street, San Jose INSURANCK KATJO SOIMAVIA Santa Clara Pie-w and Klesrant Parlors Reduced Rates to Students and Societies AIVBMEIV F. HILL, We make a SPECIAIyTY of getting our work out PROMPTLY, and it is all finished here. Take the elevator at the Dougherty Building. No. 85 South Second Street. To Qet a Oood Pen Knife GE T AN KLtKCXRLlC. Guaranteed to be as it ought to be. If it should not prove to be that we will be glad to exchange with you until you have one that is. manicur: tooi s, ra ors | Guaranteed the same way. If you wish to shave easily, and in a hurry, get a Getn Safety Ra or. The greatest convenience for the man who shaves himself. THE JOHN STOCK SONS, Tinners, Roofers and Plumbers Phone Main 76 71 -77 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. %in i ipiii i : [;|p i i i ii ip i ii i l| ||p i iii ill li ii il |]yi i i i i il |] y | liii i ipi i i ii p i u THE REDWOOD MMllllilllMiMllill|imll]Il)liMillJlLliiiill]l[lli nilllii)limlllllllinillJlLlnnltllll lll!llmillJllllM..llJlll ijiblii iltlllllMMllllinMlillllmMlillJliiMlllIlllti iiillllliiiMillIlltMMlllllllMiillJlllliMill! llIllliiMllJlllli mllillllliillllllllMllllllllllllllllillll — TELEPHONE JOHN 24-6 E. H. ReNZEL Co. mbolcsalc Grocers and Commission tHercbants » . 50 North Market Street SAN JOSB, CAI . 1 .... We Make Homes Attractive . . . . OF COURSE M. LENZEN SON CO. Picture Framing • . RESIDENCE: OFFICE: 223 South Third Street Rooms 8, 9, and 11 lyetitia Building Phone John 2471 Phone Red 1342 DR. F. GERLACH PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON OFFICE HOURS: 10 to 12 a. m. 2 to 4 and 7 to 8 p. m. SAN JOSB, CAI . Sundays 10 to 11 a. m. Kilhm Furniture Co. UPHOIvSTBRING SANTA CI ARA, CAI IFORNIA Established 1875 Phone West 462 GEO. W. RYDER SON j: WBI BRS AND SII V RSMITHS The most extensive and complete stock of NEW Fine Goods, for presents for the fall and holiday season 8 South First Street, Safe Deposit, San Jose, Cal. %iiiilf l ii i iip i i i i i pi ii i i i | iii iii[y ii ii i i ii f iii i iii T|[; iii i iii T iii i iii Tyii ii i iifi I T Tp i i i " i f ' ii " i piHyipi i i i ii| ]| iiiiii p ii ii ii iT|p iii i ii |] iii i ii i ] i iir i i i|r iiiiii r THE REDWOOD Have you ever experienced tlie convenience of a Ground Floor Gallery. S ' The most elegantly equipped Fotograf Studio in the city. Special rates to Students and Societies. Chas. a. Nace, President H. S. Nace, Secretary NACE PRINTING COMPANY INCORPORATED PRINTERS AND BOOKBINDERS Book and Magazine Printing a Specialty 955 Washington Street, Santa Clara, California i i, Se5 .?) - GAS THE REDWOOD CHE cleanliness of gas as fuel, en- tirely avoiding dirt, soot and ashes, saving servants ' labor, and wear on car- pets andj furniture, are advantages which f make its use almost a necessity for J DOMESTIC COMFORT Gas Ranges sold at Absolute Cost. Cash or Installments. jii.oo per Month. UNITED GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY SAN JOSB REDWOOD SAN MATING WM. McCarthy gbo. wightman Wm. McCarthy Company 373 " West Santa Clara St., - - - San Jose, Cal. TELEPHONE JOHN 1231 Jlmerican JBiscuit f ompany . J . Barms, jtgent Corner Sth and Santa Carlos Sts., San Jose, Cal. telephone Hobn II, Res. 3ame% II THB REDWOOD White ' s Modern School Of Business and Correspondence (INCORPORATBD) DIRECTORS: Wm. H. Rogers, Attorney-at-I aw ; Morris Elmer Dailey, Principal State Normal School ; Joseph D. Radford, Cash- ier First National Bank; Dr. C. K. Fleming; D. George White. Redw ood 44 99 Subscriptions are respectfully solicited from the old boys. Rates of St_ibscription, $1.50 a. Year SANTA CI ARA COI,I,:eGB Santa Clara California Pacific Manufacturing Company d:eai : rs in MOULDINGS DOORS and WINDOWS. .. GENERAL MILL WORK Tel. North 401 SANTA CI ARA, CAI,. THE REDWOOD IHayer Bros. CLOTBING, CENTS ' FURISHINC COOBS, HATS, CAPS AND SHOES Rubber Goods and Imbreilas Suits to Order a Specialty Copyrighted 1902. 60-62 W. Santa Clara St., cor. Lightstone, SAN JOSE, CALIFORNIA. Terms Strictly Cash. Telephone, White 14 Office Hours — 9 a. m. to 12 m. and i to 5 p. m. Phone White 961 DR. T. M. CARMICHAEL St. Luis Building DENTIST 115 South First Street, San Jose, Cal. CHAS. A. BOXH WEI,!. Repairing at Right Prices Old Gold Taken in Exchange 112 South First Street, San Jose Successor to P. Kedii m. Scbirle .»S2lHLJ5„ Boots and Shoes III South First Street, San Jose, Cal. MILLARD BROS. Dealers in BOOKS AND STATIONERY FOUNTAIN PENS 25-27 West Santa Clara St. San Jose THE REDWOOD I s it EAST If going East secure choice of Routes, of limited trains and tourist excursions by calling on nearest agent SoutKern Pacific PAUL SHOUP, D. F. P. A., San Jose E. O. McCORMICK, Passenger Traffic Manager, San Francisco T. H. GOODMAN, General Passenger Agent, San Francisco. i l=Jr=zJr=Jf=Jr r=dr r=Jr==Jr=Jr=Jr=dr= dr=Jr= r=Jr=Jr=dr=Jr=:Jr -i ' .4 ' ' f '

Suggestions in the University of Santa Clara - Redwood Yearbook (Santa Clara, CA) collection:

University of Santa Clara - Redwood Yearbook (Santa Clara, CA) online yearbook collection, 1902 Edition, Page 1


University of Santa Clara - Redwood Yearbook (Santa Clara, CA) online yearbook collection, 1904 Edition, Page 1


University of Santa Clara - Redwood Yearbook (Santa Clara, CA) online yearbook collection, 1905 Edition, Page 1


University of Santa Clara - Redwood Yearbook (Santa Clara, CA) online yearbook collection, 1906 Edition, Page 1


University of Santa Clara - Redwood Yearbook (Santa Clara, CA) online yearbook collection, 1907 Edition, Page 1


University of Santa Clara - Redwood Yearbook (Santa Clara, CA) online yearbook collection, 1908 Edition, Page 1


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