University of San Francisco - USF Don Yearbook (San Francisco, CA)

 - Class of 1922

Page 1 of 150

 

University of San Francisco - USF Don Yearbook (San Francisco, CA) online yearbook collection, 1922 Edition, Cover
Cover



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Text from Pages 1 - 150 of the 1922 volume:

How calm the breath of peace that Vesper brings Through these two sentinels of sunset sky? What magic message from the belfry rings? “Not all that lives,” it seems to say, “shall die!” EDWARD D. KEIL. VtljP Earn iFarulty nf S’!. Jgnatuia, uiIjobp talputa anb ftpuotuni ljaup inaiip our iCaui (Emtrap an aigttal a aurrpaa, tljia noluntp ia rpagprifullg iirJitratpii 4.CONTENTS St. Ignatius College (Verse) - - - 6 The Return of Dr. Pill (A Story) 7 The Dignity of the Small College - - -15 Golden Hair (Verse) 21 The Phenomena of Radio-Active Substances - - 22 To Tamalpais (Verse) 32 The Thread of Fate (A Story) - - - - 33 Affectation (Verse) ----- 45 In Re Battling Nelson (Farce) - - - - 46 A Glance at Silicon and its Uses - - 53 Washington - - - - - 59 The Pemberton Case (A Story) 60 Editorials - - - - - - 67 Alumni ------ 72 Law School Notes - - - - - 79 University Notes 87 Cat-a-leap-tic (Verse) - - - - 92 Athletics ------ 93 High School Athletics - - - - - 98St. Ignatius College Walter Linehan We pledge thee our lives, St. Ignatius, Thy Symbols, the Red and the Blue. The Red is the heart’s blood of manhood, To honor and loyalty true. Yet the Red gives but half of the lesson. Earth’s peaks must not limit our view. We must ever press onward and upward, With our eyes on eternity’s Blue.The Return of Doctor Pill Morris Cordon. IT was on one of those warm summer days when a solitary stranger was plodding his weary way along a dusty country road. Mis sunken cheeks told of the lack of needed nourishment: his unkempt hair and scrubby beard proclaimed his contempt for the conventionalities of life; he was so abstracted from his surroundings that he seemed to be going onward, onward, merely because his legs moved mechanically and the road still stretched before him. Going whither? Whither the road led. It was all one to him. He had passed the previous night in an abandoned barn. The burrs that mingled with the half-chewed hay, on which he had lain, si ill clung to his clothing. It had never occurred to him to brush them off. They did not impede his going. Going for what ? To escape himself, as if that might be. He was a tramp from choice. Most tramps are. Why? It was his own secret. He had been a gentleman. That was plain. What had dashed him down? It would be useless to conjecture. But the stoop of his shoulders was not caused, as even a careless observer might have seen, by the miserable bundle that he carried on his back, but by the heavy load that weighed upon his heart. His eyes were fixed upon the road though he scarcely seemed to see it. As evening approached, his steps grew slower; and from time to time lie raised his eyes. Sometimes barren rocky fields, sometimes patches of distant woodland met his gaze. A far-off cabin on a hill offered no invitation; a house miles away presented no attraction to his weary feet. Vet an empty stomach clamoring for food became each moment more insistent. A turn in the road fortunately brought a house in sight, just back from the wayside. It was the only one he had happened on that day. He shifted his pack and waveringly started for it. Had8 THE I a SAT I AN lie been versed in the lore of the “Knights of the Road” he would have easily seen by the hieroglyphics on the gate, that shaggy, dust-stained travellers were decidedly unwelcome. Reaching the house he knocked lightly on the door. Receiving no answer, he knocked louder just as the pangs of hunger were doing in his stomach. After a long pause a frowning old man opened the door and gruffly asked: “What ycr doin’ here?” Cut by the rudeness of the old man, the stranger stammered : “Could you give me some work to do for which, in return, I might get something to eat?” “Beggin eh? Wal, b’gosh, ycr won’t beg nothin’ outer David Hiram Jones.” “Sir,” began the stranger, his ire rising, “1 am not begging: I never did beg; I never intend to beg. 1 merely asked for work, in return for which. I requested food. Is there any shame in that?” “Git outer here, ycr tramp”, growled the testy Hiram, emphasizing his command with a rough gesture. “1 ain’t got nuthin’ fer yer.” “Tramp,” repeated the stranger as he withdrew from the house. The word stung. “Vet,” he murmured, “it is true. 1 am a tramp.” Again he plodded through the deepening twilight. Soon lights began to flicker in neighboring farmhouses. One more brightly lighted came into view. As he approached the house he hesitated, then resolved to try his fate. He was about to approach when a man and a woman emerged. The man was saying: “Mrs. Porter,” I have done all within my power. Your daughter has received a severe injury to her spine.” The woman was sobbing wildly. The wav-farer slunk behind a tree. The man continued, “I will hurry to the station and sendTHE RETURN OF DR. PILL f) a wire to a specialist in town who, if lie arrives in time, may save her life. Meanwhile, keep up your courage, and remember that while there’s life, there’s hope’.” “Miss Dewey,” said the same voice, “Will you kindly step outside a minute.” The door by which the woman had entered, now swung more widely open and out stepped a young nurse. What the doctor said was in a low voice: “I am sorry to have to leave you alone. The woman is on the verge of collapse and the child is at death’s door. There is practically no hope. Only a very delicate operation can save her. I fear I will be gone several hours .... too long, ” he ad- ded, as he hurried away. Sadly the young woman re-entered the house. The words of the doctor about the “spine” and “the very delicate operation” had in some strange way appealed to the stranger. lie stood in deep thought, in the shadow of a huge sequoia, watching the doctor’s retreating figure. Was it an hour that passed? The stranger could not say. It seemed an age, so fierce the struggle in his soul. Would he? Dared he? Another failure? Another life? But, from the words of the doctor, that life was already doomed if he did not make the trial. lie would make it, come what might to him. With a sudden determination, he brushed off his clothes as best he could, smoothed his hair and beard, and, straightening his hat, with a faltering step he approached the house. He knocked lightly on the door. The knock was answered shortly by the nurse. “I am the specialist that the doctor sent for,” he said. “I’m . . . Doctor Pill. Doctor-er-er . . . .” “Doctor Jones,” supplied the nurse. “Doctor Jones was detained, so I came up alone,” he said in answer to the nurse’s surprised scrutiny. “Miss Dewey, I believe .... let me see the patient.” The stranger pressed his way past the nurse into the house.10 THE I ax AT I AX The much worried mother was sitting by the bedside of her child. The face of the woman expressed her agony. The man's eyes rested on the frail and motionless form on the bed. His throat tightened, his eyes grew dim, his thoughts flew back to his own golden-haired little sister, and he remembered when, as a boy, the merciless injured spine had claimed her life. Ilis thoughts came back to the present. He shut his eyes and prayed for strength. The little figure on the bed moaned. The moan of a loved sister re-echoed in a throbbing heart. “I must,” said the stranger to himself. ”1 cannot refuse this pleading.” He bade the nurse help the racked mother from the room. When the nurse returned, she wondered at the speed with which he had made his preparations. Here was certainly a man who knew his business. Ilis shabbiness vanished from her eyes. She only knew that he was commanding and she unquest ioningly obeying. With her aid he lifted the child tenderly from the bed and laid her on the improvised operating table. He fingered the instruments almost caressingly, then set to work; at first hesitatingly then deftly, almost feverishly his long dexterous fingers worked. Finally he laid the instruments aside and raised his head triumphantly as though to thank God for the strength imparted. ‘‘She is doing well,” he announced to the admiring nurse . . . . twice before I had patients whom I thought would recover, but . . . .'’he suddenly checked himself, as though he had spoken more than he had intended. “Thank you very much, Miss Dewey, for your valuable help. You may retire now. Will you kindly tell the mother that her child has a fair chance! . . . but do not allow her in, for the child needs rest and quiet.” “Certainly,” said the obliging Miss Dewey. “Goodnight, Doctor Pill.” “Goodnight, Miss Dewey.”TIIE RETURN OF DR. FILL 11 The stranger sat by the bedside and watched all through the long, long night. As the hours wore on, a faintness crept slowly over him. At times he was almost overpowered, but still he fought off sleep with grim determination. When the first grey streaks of dawn were creeping into the room, the sound of a rapidly-driven horse came nearer and nearer. The wheels of a carriage grated on the gravel. Relief had come. He ceased to struggle, and faint with weariness, he fell unconscious to the floor. The door of the sick room opened and two men entered. Doctor Jones caught sight of the prostrate figure and bent over it, while the Specialist examined the sleeping child. After a short silence the Specialist cried out excitedly: “She just moved her foot. Why, man alive, with an injury such as you described, it would be impossible.” “Moved her foot?” Doctor Jones abandoned his patient and went to the bedside. Just then the nurse entered. “Good morning, Doctor,” she said, “How do you find her?” “She just moved her limb! 1 can’t understand it. It’s totally beyond me,” was his puzzled answer. “Why,” exclaimed the nurse”, the specialist you sent last night operated on her. Didn’t Doctor Pill tell you all about it?” ““The specialist . . . Doctor Pill?” he said blankly; “what do you mean? Is this the Specialist?” and he pointed to the surgeon by the bed. “Why, he said he was the Specialist you sent for and he operated,” explained the nurse, indicating the prostrate figure on the floor. The doctor again knelt by the Stranger, seeking to revive him, while the Specialist still tried to fathom the mysteries of the child’s betterment. “Miss Dewey, bring some milk or broth . . . this is12 TIIE I OX ATI AX evidently a case of starvation. We must remove Doctor Pill to another room.” It was quite a time before Doctor Jones re-entered the sick room and announced to the Specialist: ‘‘Doctor Pill is getting along nicely, now. lie hadn't had any food for three days.” The mother who had been admitted to sec her child, came forward saying: “Oh Doctor Jones, how can I thank you? My baby is going to get well?” and tears of joy rolled down her checks. The specialist too, came forward. “Wonderful, wonderful,” he said, and he talked as a man who knew what he said and meant every word of it. “There are but two men in this world who could have performed that operation. One is the great surgeon, George Findlay, a college chum of mine; the other is the man who did it. I must see him, Doctor.” Following Doctor Jones he entered a nearby room where the stranger lay in bed. lie was sleeping soundly. Tiptoeing to the couch, the specialist gazed earnestly and long at the quiet face. “Can it be?” he muttered to himself, “or is it some strange double? And if it be he, as I feel certain it is, how came he here in this condition?” “Let him rest,” he said to the nurse, “he deserves it. I shall return this afternoon to sec both patients; but say nothing of my coming.” Evening was again drawing on as the specialist drove up to the house. Barely knocking at the door, he entered and pressed on to the stranger's room. The man was dressed and sitting in a chair but his eyes were closed as if he were dozing. “Foxy,” muttered the specialist to himself, “he thinks it's Doctor Jones and lie's seeking to escape the praise he so richly merits.” Then quickly advancing and placing his hand upon the man's shoulder, “Hello! George Findlay,” he cried, “a nice way this, sneaking into a man's practice.” Instantly the stranger was wide awake, “I had to do it,TIIE RETURN OF DR. PILL 13 Bill,” he said; ‘‘you know I had to. You would have done the same.” “I’m not so sure of that,” said Bill, ‘‘there is only one man in the world that can do the same, though this morning for a brief spell I thought that there were two. But, Great Scott! what is New York’s petted child doing down here in this disguise, when he should be in the metropolis killing off the population?” “Don’t rub it in, Bill, please don’t,” pleaded Findlay and a look of agony came into his eyes. “Rub it in, what do you mean? I was only joking. You are getting touchy in your old age. What is the matter?” “I thought you were referring to my last two patients in New York,” said Findlay. “I assure you it was not my fault.” “What last two patients?” inquired Bill. “Then you have not heard?” said Findlay. “Thank God! there is some one that does not know. Six months ago 1 operated on a man. Ilis spine was improving nicely. I was elated and happy. I operated on a boy who was also on the road to recovery. Then the catastrophe came like lightning from a clear sky. Both died of lockjaw. You know that at that time I was experimenting with lock-jaw and everybody knew about the discoveries I had made, so of course I was accused of inoculating the two patients with the fatal germ. My reputation was ruined. I seemed to bear upon me the brand of Cain. I left the city caring little where I went. I would seek to forget and be forgotten. So I took to the road and here I am. For God’s sake let your lips be sealed. People think, no doubt, that I am dead.” The specialist fumbled in his pocket, and drew thence a newspaper clipping neatly folded. “IIow little I expected,” he said, “when I cut this out, that Providence would use it as it does to-day. Listen:14 THE IQS ATI AN “a plot exposed. New York, May 5th.—A solution lias been found to the mysterious casualties due to lock-jaw, at the Bronx, St. Luke’s and Burnett Hospitals. The supplies of cotton and bandages were found to be inoculated with tetanus bacilli. The first casualty appeared at the Bronx Hospital, six months ago when Hubert Brown, who was operated on by the famous Dr. George Findlay, succumbed to the fatal disease. The incident attracted a great deal of attention at the time and terminated in the disappearance of Dr. Findlay. A plot being suspected, detectives worked upon the case, and they have found and laid bare the infamous intrigue connected with it.” The eyes of the listener dilated. ‘‘Give it to me,” he said, “give it to me. It is life and elixir to my soul. Thank God! Today and its wanderings are over, forever; tomorrow will be another day, the day of my return.”The Dignity of the Small College III American people must eventually come to the real ization of one important problem confronting them and demanding a solution. That is the educational problem. For the standard of citizenship in the future depends on the standard of education today. They know that vast sums are being spent on our schools and universities, and doubtless they are satisfied that the money so spent is sufficient. But how many know the returns from such a vast outlay? They give the money, but do they know that there is such a thing as an educational problem? Some of us, indeed, know it, but we leave it in the hands of professional educators, trusting that they will find a solution. Now these men of the profession have done much toward its working out, but it would be well for the people at large to take an interest in the situation which involves so many millions of their dollars, in which their sons and daughters are so vitally concerned, and upon which the future of this country so largely depends. This problem is a great one and to the close observer it presents many sides. To offer a solution, even in outline, would take up more space than this article is allowed, and so we must content ourselves with dealing briefly with one particular phase of it, namely that which concerns the value of the small college, and the place it holds among institutions of higher education in America. The first consideration in this question is relative to the province of the small college and that of the large university. It is the function of the small college to give a liberal education; of the large university to give higher training in special courses. ‘‘The world needs broad men sharpened to a point,” says President Nicholas M. Butler of Columbia University. Now to produce broad men is the object of the small Preston Devine.16 TIIE IGN ATI AN college; to sharpen them to a point by specialized courses should be the object of the large university. But the universities, ever seeking greater numbers of students, included all courses in their curricula so that they now accommodate those of both under-graduate and post-graduate standing. Recently, however, many educators have come to realize, as all eventually must, that the large university cannot do the work of the small college, any more than the small college could do the work of the large university. These educators have, as a result, turned to the small colleges in America, and they found that this country has a multitude of highly efficient small colleges which have been constant and persevering in the work of educating the youth of the nation. Consequently, nearly every large university in the country has fixed a limit to the number of students and has raised the requirements of its studies. The happy day when the large university, free from the great task of educating under-graduates, can more competently attend to its true work, that of training post-graduates, is drawing nearer and nearer. And at that same happy time the small college will come into its own; it will be recognized as the fountain-head of liberal education. So it is that we put great faith in the words of Doctor William R. Harper, who, when he himself was president of the large University of Chicago said: “The small college is certain of its existence in the future educational history of the United States. The future of the small college will be a great future, a future greater than its past.” Here the question naturally arises: Is the small college efficient in its work of educating; can it carry on the great work that lies before it? To answer this, let a little comparison be drawn between the large university and the small college of today. Perhaps the greatest asset of the small college is the personal contact of students with professor. For here, the student is daily in close touch with his teachers; the limited size of the classes permits of a great amount of individual in-SENIOR LAW Brotherton, R. E. Fitzgerald, J. J. Davey, L. Van dor Zee, H. Doyle, J. Dibcrt. H. Nolan. H. W. O’Donnell. E. McCullough. C. J. Schmidt. H. C. Stockfleth, G. A. Gracia, M. E. Copestakc, J. L. Presho. W. Ainsworth. F. H. Conklin, M. Ohland, C.JUNIOR LAW. McDermitt, J. L. Kelly. R. Coffey. E. H. Perry, F. J. Pieruccinl. E. W. Fitzpatrick. E. I. Varni, E. J. Holcenbui'K. S. J. Childress. H H. Halpin. T. J . Delaney, E. Castel. L. Scott. E. Elliott, J. F.THE DKiS TY OF THE SMALL COLLEGE 17 struct ion. Each student's personal difficulties are smoothed out: his questions answered: his faults corrected; there is in the small classroom a spirit of co-operation. Let us look now at the large university. The students gather there for a lecture, not in a classroom, but in an auditorium. There are from, one hundred to one thousand assembled. The lecturer steps on the platform, delivers his lecture, and retires. The whole affair has been of the same general aspect as a theater performance. Has the student any difficulties? They must remain unsolved. Has he any questions to ask? They cannot be asked. Has he any faults to correct? They must remain uncorrected, for the lecturer knows but few of h»s pupils. Judge Buffington speaks these apt words about the situation: “You may charge two wires with any amount of voltage: so long as you keep them apart there is no result: but bring them together, and light and heat and power flow from one to the other. So you may put ever so learned a professor in the chair, and ever so bright a pupil on the bench; so long as you keep them apart there can be no educational result. Only as they arc brought into contact can the one affect the other. Separate professor and student by numbers or methods or any other barrier, and personality cannot influence personality. Herein has always been the chief glory of the small college and will ever be. No university classroom with its crowds, and no over-grown college, can accomplish for character-building, for calling forth the utmost that is in each student, and for training his individual powers, what the small college has done and is doing.” We are not surprised, then, that the late Commissioner of Education, Claxton, reported that sixty per cent of those who enter the universities drop out before the beginning of the Junior year. In the small college, however, when a student feels that his professor is his friend, and one deeply interested in his progress, he quite naturally conceives for him a friendship which does not lessen his respect, and a respect which docs not lessen his friendship. With such relations of18 THE I (i SAT IAS student and teacher, co-operation is obtained, and success in college is assured. The first point of our little comparison has been considered. Let us proceed now to one which will not only be of greatest interest to students, but which will also appeal to everyone who has the welfare of our educational institutions at heart. That point concerns college spirit. There is a certain grandeur about a large university, an allurement in the magnificent buildings, the green campus, the shady walks, the stadium perhaps, the athletics. We sec too frequent exhibitions of the students’ unrestrained enthusiasm for their Alma Mater, when thousands of them assemble to give frantic demonstration in support of a little band of eleven football players; we see many an ivy-walled fraternity house festooned throughout with the university colors, where to the soft strains of a hidden orchestra, hundreds of male and female students nightly dance away their cares, and forget their studies; we hear the lusty voices and twanging banjoes of the glee club, making night musical with rollicking college songs, and perhaps we are fascinated by the splendor of it all. But upon reflection, we find that college spirit does not consist in these. Undoubtedly there is spirit in large universities, but let not the tinsel effect of the various activities of such institutions tend to suggest that the small college lacks proper college spirit. Just as in abodes of wealth it sometimes happens that the proper spirit of the home is lost to the children, while the smaller home of the poor man is continually made bright by love, so can we not also affirm that the spirit of the small college is at least as ardent and strong as that of the university with all its seeming splendor? For in what does true college spirit consist ? Is it not in working for, in loving Alma Mater and all of her sons? And this we know that the students of a small college do. They will work for her in many ways, not the least of which is maintaining her high scholastic standing; they will love her, since as she has but few sons, she is especially dear to them, and they equallyTHE DIGNITY OF TIIE SMALL COLLEGE 19 dear to her. They will cement hearty, lasting friendships for their fellows; unlike the large universities, which despite their reputation for establishing social relations among students, harbor many who know no one at all. In the small college, each man has an intimate acquaintanceship with all his comrades. There is, we may safely say, a burning, lasting, fervent love in the heart of every student of a small college for Alma Mater. We can say of every small college in the country what Daniel Webster said of his own: “She is small, but there are those who love her.” One more point in our comparison.. The large university is often regarded as the normal American institution—the small college as either some new, untried, unreliable affair, or else as some mediaeval, obsolete thing which perished, or should have perished long ago. But is it known that the large university of today is simply an overgrown college, swollen to abnormal size within the last twenty-five years? President Thompson, himself of the large university of Ohio State says that “They are so young that their real value and efficiency arc still problematical.” Is it known that throughout the entire history of education in our country the small college has been the normal institution of higher learning? In 1850 no college in the land had more than four hundred students, and even today only one in every six has more than five hundred. So that we can readily see that the small college has been the main source of higher education in the past and it has done its work remarkably well. For whence came the educated men who in the past built America? From the small college. We have herein reviewed a matter of great importance. For America in the future will need sound-principled, broadminded, right-thinking, educated men. America needs such men to work for her; to guide the Ship of State through all the storms that will come, to form a strong bulwark for the future of the country. And so when we know that the day is hastening when the large university will again enter its proper field, that of specializing, and the small college will20 THE IGX AT I Ay continue its great work of giving liberal education to the future citizens of the nation, it is well to know that the small college is a dependable, reliable, well-established institution. It is well to know that it is the normal American college, that it has that priceless possession, true college spirit, that it affords its students great scholastic opportunities. Let us not then despise or make apologies for a college because it is small. It is well to remember that from it may have come forth men of education whose service to the country has been incalculable. It may be that its limited size is the greatest factor for its greatness. This article must not be taken as an attack on our large universities. We feel their worth, and we maintain that in their proper sphere their success is great indeed. We have referred to them merely because they are the natural basis for comparison with the small college. Nor is it its purpose to exaggerate the qualities of the small college, but to present its true value, to show what it has done in the past, what it is doing in the present, and the still greater things confidently expected of it in the future. .Golden Hair Eustace CuUinan. Golden, caught from tints of morn. Gold in heaven s alembic fined; Marigold and poppy paled In her tresses intertwined. Sylph in form; in soul a prayer, This was witching Golden Hair. In the meadows when she strayed, Zephyrs, with their soft caress, Bringing roses to her cheeks Wantoned in each glowing tress. Did she wander in the shade Haloes flitted through the glade. Hearts were offered at her shrine, Hearts with youthful fires aglow. Whom she favored most of all, Human heart will never know. Each believed itself preferred, Doting on a glance or word. Better so. Beloved by all Went she hence in beauty’s bloom. Death himself but lightly breathed On earth’s tribute to the tomb. ’Mid the clustering angels there Passed the soul of Golden Hair.The Phenomena of Radio-Active Substances Charles C. Mohun. SciKNTIPIC ADVANCEM ENT. THE dawn of the Twentieth Century will probably always he considered a remarkable one in the history of scientific progress on account of the advances made in connection with the phenomena of radiation. Not only has there been a great extension of knowledge with regard to those types of radiation, allied to light, which enter into everyday experience, and which have been the object of inquiry for centuries, but, in addition, entirely new kinds of rays have been discovered, and to account for them new conceptions have arisen, fresh fields of research have been opened up, and problems, before deemed insoluble, have been brought within the range of direct experimental attack. The previously existing foundations upon which the vast fabric of modern science has been successfully raised are being exchanged, without injury or alteration to the structure, for others one step deeper and more fundamental. The work of transition has been proceeding quietly and simultaneously from many sides, and in this respect the present century is inseparably connected with those proceeding; but until quite lately few, except those actually engaged in the work, realised the magnitude of the results being obtained or the real consequences of the conclusions being arrived at. Most recently, however, the advent of radium, and the prominence given to the almost daily discoveries that followed, have drawn universal attention to the newly explored regions. The chemist's atom is no longer the unit of the sub-division of matter, and the internal structure of the atom is now the object of experimental study.RADIO ACTIVE SVB8TANCE8 23 The present day development of Radio-Activity arose out of a discovery in 189G by M. Henri Becquerel, that certain kinds of matter have the property of emitting a new and peculiar type of radiation continuously and spontaneously, and this class of bodies has been termed 44radio-active." This discovery was, however, directly connected with previous discoveries by Crookes, Lenard and Rontgen of other new kinds of radiation. The discovery of this new property of self-radiance. or '‘radio-activity,” has proved to be the beginning of a new science, in the development of which physics and chemistry have worked together in harmony. The pioneer in the chemical development of the subject was Madame Curie, who, by the discovery of radium, extended our knowledge of the new property out of the region of the infinitely small effects in which it had its beginning, and demonstrated it on a scale that could neither be explained nor explained away. On the physical side, the brilliant and elaborate researches of Professor Rutherford, at first mainly with thorium—an element which, like uranium, is so feebly active that it had been studied for a century before its radio-activity was discovered—paved the way for a complete and general theory of the cause and nature of the new property. According to this theory the elements exhibiting radioactivity are in the process of evolution into lighter and more stable forms, and the radiations spontaneously emitted are due to the incessant flight, radially from the substance, of a swarm of light fragments of the original atoms, expelled in the course of their explosive disintegration. This theory has recently received a direct experimental confirmation in the discovery of the continuous production of the element helium from radium. In these advances, physics and chemistry have borne equal shares, and in the close relation between the two sciences throughout the investigations the secret of the rapidity and definiteness of the progress is to be found. Radio-activity has passed from the position of a descriptive to that of an independent science, based upon the prin-24 TIIE I (i ATI AS ciplcs of physics and chemistry as they were understood before the discovery of its remarkable properties. History of Radio-Activity. Our present understanding of radio-activity has been the result of many successive discoveries, and the historical order in which this result has been achieved is a very interesting chapter in the progress of science. The chapter opens in 1895, with the discovery of the X-rays by Rontgen. When an electric discharge is sent through a highly evacuated tube provided with sealed-in electrodes, there is given off from the cathode a characteristic discharge called cathode rays. When the electrons of the cathode stream are suddenly stopped by hitting a target within the evacuated tube, a different sort of rays is given off from the target, and these are called X-rays. They are invisible, but. like the cathode rays inside the tube, their presence is manifested by their power to cause strong fluorescence when they impinge upon certain substances like zinc sulfide or barium plat inic cyanide. Another property they possess is the power of affecting sensitized photographic plates in the same way as light; and a third very remarkable property is their power of making the air, or other gases, through which they pass, and which, under ordinary circumstances. are practically perfect insulators, capable of conveying limited quantities of both positive and negative electricity. This process is known as ionisation, and the rays are said to ionise the gases, namely, to make them for the time being partial conductors of electricity. In 1896, with the awakening that followed the researches of Rontgen to the existence of new types of radiations of a character utterly different from those of light, came the discovery of the property of radio-activity by M. Becquerel. In his investigations of the X-rays. M. Becquerel was partially interested in their power of fluorescence, and it was his desire to find whether an inversion of the phenomena of the Rontgen Rays was possible, that is. considering that these rays produce fluorescence, whether a fluorescent substance could pro-It A DIO-ACT! YE 8VB8TASCES 25 duce the Rout gen Rays. Acting on this idea, he examined some fluorescent compounds of uranium. His method was to place the bare salt above a photographic plate, which was carefully wrapped up in opaque material, and so protected completely from the direct action of light, and to expose the salt to direct sunlight, so as to cause it to fluoresce. While waiting for a sunny day, the apparatus was placed in a dark drawer. Two weeks later M. Bccqucrel decided to test the freshness of the plate by developing it, and to his surprise, a dark spot appeared on it, beneath where the salt had rested. This was proof conclusive that some unsuspected rays had passed through the opaque material, and after delicate tests had been made, it was shown beyond doubt that the new and unsuspected rays were really electrical. It was at this stage that Mine. Curie, one of Professor Becquerers students made such great progress in this new science. She found that radio-activity is an atomic property; that thorium acted like uranium; that pitchblende carrying a given weight of uranium had approximately four times greater activity than any pure uranium salt containing the same weight of uranium. This latter disclosure caused Mine. Curie to conclude that pitchblende contained another clement that was also radio-active, and she proceeded to prove this conclusion. The pitchblende was dissolved, and the various elements in it were precipitated and tested for radio-activity. The principal activity was found to be concentrated in the barium, strontium, and calcium group. After the calcium and strontium had been eliminated, the barium that remained still showed strong activity. This caused Mine. Curie to investigate further, and the element radium was eventually separated by the fractional crystallization of its salts from the corresponding barium salts. This discovery of the new element, radium, was made in 1898. Radio-Active Eli:ments. The elements uranium, thorium, radium, polonium and actinium are radio-active; and by that is meant that they26 T1IE I (iS AT I AN spontaneously give out heat and other manifestations of energy which are able to affect a photographic plate; to cause certain substances to fluoresce; and to render the air in their neighborhood a conductor of electricity. These other manifestations of energy are called rays; and from this comes the term radio-activity. Three different kinds of these rays arc distinguished; the alpha, beta, and gamma rays. The alpha rays are responsible for most of the ionization of the air produced by radio-active substances; they can penetrate the air only a few centimeters and are easily stopped by paper. They are connected with the development of the greater part of the heat evolved by such substances. When uninfluenced by external forces they move in straight lines, but under the influence of an electrostatic or a magnetic field, they are slightly bent out of their path and act as though they consisted of a stream of rapidly moving particles charged with positive electricity. The beta rays are more penetrating than the alpha rays and pass readily through paper and even through thin sheets of metal. They are especially active toward a photographic plate. Like the alpha rays they move in a straight line, unless influenced by a magnetic or electrostatic field when they are deflected in the opposite direction from that in which the alphas are turned, and much more strongly. The gamma rays arc characterized by extraordinarily great penetrating power, being able to pass through bodies which will stop the other forms of radiations. No deviation of these rays has been detected in the most powerful magnetic fields it is possible to obtain, and in this respect they arc more nearly allied to the X-rays than to the alpha and beta rays; but in their absorption by different kinds of matter they exhibit an almost complete parallelism to the beta rays. Their effects are insignificant compared with that of the other two types.BA DIO-ACTIVE SI BSTAXCES 37 Radium. Radium is the only now radio-element that has so far been isolated in the form of pure compounds, or which has been found to give a new spectrum. The quantities of pure radium compounds obtained are excessively small. Only a few tenths of a gram of radium chloride can be extracted from a ton of pitchblende, and this is in the ratio of one part to several millions of the original mineral. On the other hand, the radio-activity of the pure compound is correspondingly increased, and the tiny quantity extracted from a ton of ore retains in concentrated form the greater part of the radio-activity of the original mineral. Weight for weight, the radium compounds arc at least a million times more active than the compounds of uranium and thorium. The atomic weight of radium is 225 which places it in the position of the third heaviest element known, the two heavier being the other radio-elements—thorium 232 and uranium 238. Source and Method of Extraction. Radium is now obtained chiefly from carnotitc, though a small amount is derived from pitchblende. Practically all of the world’s radium until nine years ago, came from deposits in Portugal. The first important radium operations in the United States did not commence until 1912, although a small plant designed to recover uranium from carnotitc ore was erected in Colorado in 1900. The following method of the treatment of radium extraction has been taken from Madame Curie’s Thesis on the subject:—To extract the uranium, the ore is roasted with sodium carbonate, lixiviated with warm water and then with dilute sulphuric acid, when the uranium passes into solution. The insoluble part consists of the sulphates of lead and calcium, alumina, silica and iron oxide, together with greater or less quantities of nearly all the metals. These residues possess an activity four and one-half times that of uranium, and constitute the raw material used for the extraction of radium.28 THE IGX AT I AS The insoluble sulphates are converted into carbonates by boiling with a concentrated solution of carbonate of soda, and the soluble sodium sulphate produced is removed by repeated washing. The residue is treated with hydrochloric acid, which dissolves most of it, including the polonium and actinium, but the radium remains undissolved, as unconverted sulphate . It is washed with water, again boiled with concentrated sodium carbonate (which completes the transformation of the sulphates into carbonates), again thoroughly washed, and then treated with dilute hydrochloric acid free from sulphuric acid. Polonium and actinium are still present in the solution, from which the radium and barium are removed by precipitating with sulphuric acid. From 1 ton of residues 10kg. to 20kg. of crude sulphates are thus obtained, of activity about sixty times that of uranium, and these contain calcium, lead, iron and a trace of actinium. The sulphates are transformed into chlorides as before, and the solution treated with sulphuretted hydrogen, filtered, oxidised with chlorine and precipitated with ammonia. The activity of the precipitated hydrates and oxides is due to actinium. The filtrate is precipitated with sodium carbonate, and the precipitate washed and converted into chlorides, evaporated to dryness, and the chlorides washed with concentrated hydrochloric acid, which removes calcium. The purified chlorides of barium and radium thus obtained possess an activity of about fiO. Eight kilos are obtained from 1 ton of residues. At this stage the material leaves the factory, and is now fractionated in the laboratory. Practical Uses of Radium. Apart from its role of importance in the world of science, radium is today, recognized as a tremendous factor in the world of medicine and industry. The medical fraternity has come to accept radium as a beneficial treatment for cancer. Permanent cures have been accomplished, and practically every large city has at least one hospital that is supplied with a small quantity of radium. In actual practice the surgeonRADIO-ACTIVE SUBSTANCES 29 generally uses a minimum of 50 milligrams of the powerful substance, and even this quantity, which is no longer than the head of a match, eosts him $6,000. As a general rule, the radium metal is shaped into a tiny rod no larger than a small piece of the lead in a pencil. This is encased in a glass cap-sule and hermetically sealed; next the whole tube is plaeed in a silver casing, open at one end; and finally the silver tube with its precious contents is inserted in a strong cylindrical holder made of brass. The rays of the radium arc directed upon the diseased human tissue through a screen of rubber, and strange as it may appear, the rays act only upon the diseased flesh, leaving the healthy tissues unaffected. Recent practice shows conclusively that the application of radium to the eye is harmless, and as a consequence this agent is particularly useful in treating a cataract of the eye. In addition to its use in medicine, radium, like the X-ray, is rapidly entering into our industrial life. One common use of radium is in the making of luminous dials on watches and clocks. The role of radium in industry as an agent of safety may be less spectacular, hut it is no less important than the part it plays as a therapeutic agent. Accidents in factories, mines, offices and homes are being reduced in number through the use of radium-luminous material. This so-called radium-paint is used on power-line switches, where fumbling by an operator might mean electrocution. The dependability of high-pressure gauges is being materially increased through making them safe twenty-four hours a day, through the application of luminous material. Many electric switches are located in places which are unlighted. A dab of radium-paint on the bottom of such a switch renders it easy to locate quickly in case of an emergency. Radium-luminous material is also placed on fire extinguishers, emergency call bells, poison bottles, combination dials on safes, bolts under machines not easily accessible, compass dials and steering wheels on ships, gauges and dials on automobiles, and telephones located in dark places.30 THE 1GNATIAN Uranium and Thorium. Occupying a less important place in the scientific world are the four other radio-active elements, namely Uranium, Thorium, Polonium and Actinium. The compounds of uranium and thorium, when examined for their power of ionising a gas and discharging an electroscope are found to possess a very similar degree of radio-activity. To the photographic plate, however, thorium is several times less active than uranium. This result we now know is to be explained by the fact that the a-radiation from the two bodies is of similar intensity, but the b-radiation of thorium compounds is much feebler than in the case of the uranium compounds. By the decomposition of uranium other products are formed such as uranium X, uranium Xa, and uranium 2. The reason for this is that uranium salts which have been kept for some time give out all three kinds of rays. But when such a salt is dissolved in water and ammonium carbonate added until the precipitate which first forms is redissolved, a very small residue is left which gives no alpha rays but has all the beta and gamma activity of the original salt. The uranium carbonate which has redissolved has all the alpha activity of the original compound but gives rise to no beta or gamma rays. The undissolved precipitate is called uranium-X, and is chemically unlike uranium. In the uranium-radium series of radioactive elements, uranium breaks down to Ionium, and thence to Radium and Niton, and from Niton to Radium A, B, C, C', I), E, and F, which is Lead. Polonium and Actinium. Besides radium there is strong evidence that there exists in pitchblende two other new radio-active substances, polonium and actinium, and, although neither of these has yet been obtained in sufficient quantity to give a spectrum reaction or any other evidence of their presence, except their radioactivity, the peculiar nature of the latter in each case leaves no doubt that each is a specific new form of matter, whose ultimate separation may be confidently expected.RADIO-ACTIVE SUBSTANCES 31 The fundamental problem presented by the property of radio-activity is the same for all the radio-elements whether they exhibit it to a feeble degree, like uranium and thorium, or to an intense degree, like radium. To cause substances to fluoresce, to ionise a gas, or even to fog a photographic plate requires energy. In the ease of the production of cathode-rays and X-rays from a Crookes tube, the source of the energy is, of course, to be found in the electrical forces employed. But in the case of the radio-elements the source of the energy is not apparent. The emission of energy from radium, for example, is at once spontaneous and persistent. There are only two general explanations of the source of this energy possible. Either radium must possess the power of responding to some hitherto unknown and unsuspected source of external energy, or, the energy must be derived from some hitherto untapped internal store bound up and latent in the structure of the atom. The secret of the atom and the controlling of its force is the problem science is attempting to solve, and one day when the answer is written, the whole course of human life will be so changed through the utilization of the new knowledge that past revolutions will appear of small consequence in comparison; for a power will be available in the world so mighty in its potentialities that no person would dare consider its use except for some constructive purpose.To Tamalpais Alan Popes. Hail, Monarch of the Golden Gate, Wakened from sleep by Dawn’s first kiss Her scented breath is on thy cheek. Her eyes a love responsive seek. We envy thee thy thrill of bliss. Dawn blushing flees. The new-born Sun Hastes on the dazzling wings of light To offer thee its crown of gold, And tint with radiance manifold The dewy pearls distilled by Night. And when at eve his tired head He'll pillow on the throbbing sea, From out the surge of silvered spray lie’ll dart his last expiring ray To beg a benison of thee.JUNIOR LAW. Sullivan. G. H. 'I'womoy. A. M. Curry. T. J. McGrath. F. McKnexv, J. R. Sweijrcrt. W. T. White, R .K. Conway. A. J. Cummings. B. J. Kilroy, J. A. Briare, J. J. Madden. L. A. Deal. S. F. Barry. .J. F. Hyman. H.Murphy, W. J. Walsh, W. U. Touissant, E. Minehan. E. C. Elam, SOPHOMORE LAW. Buty, L. Ford. F. J. O’Neill. T. Smith. L. J. McGrath. R. Swim. N. Robinson, J. B. Meadows. H. W. Bray. I. Sapper. Tosi. S. Bozzotto. A. Jacobson, H, Malone. W. H. J. Bolder. A. O'Sullivan. Warrick. K Ejran. H. Bean. I. J.The Thread of Fate Basil A. McLean PEARSTON alighted from the Pullman car “Hopewell” close upon the heels of a red-cap carrying his suitcase and grip, and looked about him with interest, a thing which at once stamped him as a newcomer to San Francisco. “Nice place, this,” he murmured to the expectant porter. “Yassuh, yassuh, jes as you say, sar, fines’ depot on de coast, sar. Dis way, sar.” The porter smiled blandly as he led the way to a taxi. Take me to the best hotel in town,” ordered Pearston. “To the Proconsul, all right, sir,” was the reply, and with a crash of gears and the roar of the exhaust, a taxi with its occupant sped away leaving the porter grinning into his palm—a grin of exceeded expectations. At the ‘Proconsul’ Pearston registered as ‘J. Richard Bronson “Fruit lands,” he intimated to the clerk. This for the benefit of the by-standers. From his room he soon re-appeared. Gone was the sporty effect and, instead, there was the plain, hard, matter-of-fact business man. Loud necktie and rakish cap were replaced by a neck-piece of sombre hue and gray fedora. Stepping once more into a taxi he was whisked away to the offices of the ‘Central California Navigation Company’. Here he obtained a supply of timetables and maps, and upon inquiry found that the ‘Marianne’ was scheduled to start for Sacramento and river ports at 0:30 the following evening. His next visit was to the Public Library where he dismissed the taxi. He entered the building and went at once to the reading room. With the casual air of one who wishes to pass the time, he sat down for a quarter of an hour with a novel. Then laying the book aside he wandered into the reference room. Here after a slight delay he took down a34 THE IGX ATI AX ponderous volume entitled 4('harts and Data of Inland Waterways of the Pacific Coast. ’ When at length he left the building he had learned a great deal. For instance he knew that the Sacramento River, though ordinarily shallow, was fairly deep just below the little town of ‘Rio Alto lie knew its width, depth and the nature of the bottom. He had also learned, this from the time table, that the ‘Marianne’ was due there at 4:00 in the morning. Crossing town on foot lie stopped at a sporting goods store. “ 1 m a stranger here and I want something to catch a salmon with,” he told a clerk. “Give me a good stout line. There, that one,” he said pointing. “Can I catch a dozen pounder on that?” “You certainly can if the fish gets hold of it. That’s a trolling line that would hold a battle-ship.” “Just what 1 want. Now put in a pair of heavy sinkers.” In another store of the same kind he purchased a waterproof dunnage bag and a pair of lumbermen’s logging boots. Then he returned to the Hotel and left his purchases in his room. Taking a light overcoat on his arm he again sallied forth. On Market Street he boarded an outbound car. Journeys by streetcar are not easily traced. He kept his seat until near the ocean beach. A short walk brought him to the sea-shore and he turned southward on the hard-packed sand. In a few minutes he found what he sought. It was shaped like a miniature barrel and made of a light kind of wood. These are the buoys that fishermen use to keep their nets afloat. You could carry one in the pocket of an overcoat Hung over your arm and no one would notice it. And if a length of line were wound around it and a weight attached, the lloat, when thrown into the water, would roll over and over, paying the line out like a reel. Returning to town, Pearston stopped at two drug stores.THE T1IUEAD OF FATE 35 At the first he purchased a bottle of arnica, at the second, a phial bearing the label ‘Poison.’ lie then returned to his room and locked the door. J. Richard Bronson was not at home to callers. His first care was to consign the contents of the arnica bottle to the drain-pipe. Then pouring the liquid from the other bottle into the one that he had emptied, he securely corked it. lie then carefully washed the empty phial and destroyed its label. Unwrapping his other purchases he coiled the trolling line upon the floor. He attached one end securely to the wooden buoy and roughly measuring off four fathoms, he cut the line. At about four feet from the float he fastened a lead sinker. The cord was then wound around the float veiy neatly until the whole affair of buoy, sinker and line took up less space than an ordinary shoe. All that remained was to pack it firmly into his suitcase. Now he could sleep contented —something neatly planned and something done. A leisurely breakfast ushered in the next day. Pearston had scarcely arisen from the table when he was called to the telephone. His hints, thrown out carelessly the previous day were already bearing fruit. The man on the ‘phone’ was a salesman from the California Fruit and Land Company. An hour later the two were seated together poring over maps and figures. “These orchards around Rio Alto look very promising,” Pearston said at last. “Good river-bottom land, I believe. I’ve got half a mind to run up and look them over. No! I’ll go alone. And listen! This deal is on the quiet or I don’t buy. See? What kind of accommodations can I get up there?” “There’s a small hotel,” replied the agent. “It means roughing it though.” As a little time remained before lunch, Pearston returned to the river-boat office. Here he purchased a round trip ticket36 TIIE ION ATI AN to Rio Alto. Ho was rather fastidious about his choice of a stateroom but he finally got what he wanted. 5:30 found him with his grip mounting the gangplank of the ‘Marianne.’ Presently he applied at the purser’s office for his stateroom key. That official was making an entry in his books and Pearston had a chance to glance about the office. A small safe that might have been in Noah’s ark stood in one corner. Next it was a desk, and, on the opposite side, the purser’s berth. The purser himself came in for his share of scrutiny. A small, nervous man of forty-eight or so, a man with probably a large family to be supported on a meagre salary. The purser lifting his eyes from the book, noticed Pearston at the window and sprang up with a mumbled apology. He soon had the key; and Pearston following him to the stateroom, found himself, as he had planned, but two door away. The room was small like those of all river steamers, but it was clean and convenient. “Not bad,” he said to the purser. “If I should ring, do you think you could drop in.” The purser’s fingers closed lovingly on the crisp bill. He certainly could. Pearston went to the window and looked out. From where he stood his eye commanded the gang-plank and no one could tread it without his knowledge. The passengers, as a class, bore the stamp of ranchers and laborers—men returning to their farms and jobs along the river. Suddenly his gaze became more intent. A big, heavy-set man, in rough clothes, was coming up the plank, lie carried a stout canvas bag of considerable weight and the bag was fastened with a heavy padlock. Behind him came two others of similar build and character. All three swaggered up carelessly but Pearston was not deceived. lie had seen the trick before iif a hundred different forms. “Plain-clothes men,” he grunted and laughed silently to himself.THE THREAD OF FATE 37 The three disappeared into the purser’s office and shortly came out again. They descended the gangplank. Pearston breathed freer. lie closed the shutter and turned on the light. Drawing a letter carefully from a buttoned pocket—a letter worn by frequent handling—he read: Dear Pcarse: I guess you are wondering what I am do- ing up here in Freeport. Well, I am lying low, and an out-of-the-way place like this is just the thing for the present. I escaped by the skin of my teeth in that last deal. Well to get down to business. There is a big packing plant here. So naturally they have a big pay-roll. They send it up on the last day of each month in a little old tub called the ‘Marianne.’ There’s about fifty thousand—all in bills and hard money. They lock it in a mail sack and put it in the purser’s safe—a toy of a safe that you could handle in three minutes. But here’s the rub. This is the only boat that stops here. You can’t get the swag after it’s landed and if you get it on the way up, they'll nab you sure. And look out for tho bulls. Your pal, JACK. P. S.—Coming up I got chummy with the purser. I watched him when lie opened his ‘strong box’. It goes, left GO; right 25; left twice to 80. I couldn’t see the rest. Good luck. Pearston grinned and, striking a match, touched the paper. It burned to a crisp in his lingers and the ashes dropped to the floor. When lie left the stateroom, the ‘Marianne’ was under way, headed northward toward the delta-lands of the ‘River.’ A good cigar opened the way to conversation with the Captain. “Some fine fruit land on the river, I hear, Captain. This38 TIIE 1GX ATI AX is the first time I’ve been in this section. I’m thinking of buying.” The Captain, it developed, was a ranch enthusiast and he enlightened Pearston considerably on the subject of Sacramento river lands. Pearston skillfully changed the subject and asked about the Marianne’, her speed, cargo capacity and so on, all the while throwing in a little flattery. Praise a captain’s ship and you have a friend for life. Pearston knew this well. Goods consigned to the different river towns were piled on the forward deck whence they could be thrown to the dock without trouble. Farm supplies and provisions predominated, with a sprinkling of dunnage bags and packing cases. The night drew on dark and dreary owing to the fog. The ‘Marianne’ entered the river. Her speed, however, was not slackened, for there is little or no current there in the summer months. Rio Alto, the first stop, and Pearston’s destination, would be reached at 4 A. M. He had ordered the steward to call him in time. Fully dressed he lay down in his berth as if to sleep. At one o’clock he arose, put on his overcoat, and cautiously opened the door. The deck was deserted. He stepped softly along. His loose overcoat gave him the appearance of a sleepless passenger seeking the air. Concealed, he had everything ready. A few steps brought him to the purser’s door. That official had locked himself in and had left the key in the lock— a good enough protection against ordinary burglars. This was just what Pearston wanted and his nippers quickly did their work. As he stepped inside, the sleeper stirred uneasily in his dreams. Cautiously Pearston advanced a chloroform-soaked handkerchief. A flash of the pocket-lamp, a final adjustment of the rag, and he was ready to work. As his fingers closed upon the knob of the safe, his mien changed. Here lie was master. With Jack’s tip to go on,THE Til HE AD OF FATE 30 the opening was a matter of moments. The mechanism responded with a tremulous jar; he pulled, and the door swung open. A smile rippled on his lips as he reaehed for the sack. Lifting it, he tried it's weight. It was heavy. Through the canvas he could feel rolls of large coins done up in clips and thick packets of bills. Fifty thousand surely; perhaps more! He relocked the safe, removed the handkerchief from the nostrils of the sleeper, crept through the door, turned the key and regained his room. lie pressed the bag fondly. Fifty thousand in cash—the fruit lands could wait. Swiftly he worked. Putting the sack into his own water proof bag he folded the mouth over and over. Then he tied it securely with the end of the trolling line and attached it to the float with its carefully wound cord. He must wait, however, until about 3 o'clock to dispose of the loot. The hour came at last. Cautiously he opened the shutter and lowered the window. It would be too risky to appear upon the deck with such a burden. Silently he thrust the bag. line and float through the window, and with a swift impulse sent them flying into the water. He heard a splash as they sank and then all was silent save for the throbbing of the engines and the rattle of the steering gear. The chloroform bottle wrapped in the handkerchief was even more easily disposed of. He carefully noted the time. Given the boat’s speed, it would be a simple matter to calculate the position of the buoy. His work over, he surrendered himself to sleep. A little before four o’clock the steward awakened him. Quickly he dressed. The suit case had been open when tin steward had entered. In fact it was he that closed and locked it. Pcarston picked up his grip and heavy boots and went out on deck. A wharf loomed up ahead. It was Rio Alto. The gang-plank was thrust out and Pearston and a few others stepped ashore. Some bundles were thrown on the dock, a bell jangled, and, with a churning of water, the red and green40 TIIE I (!X AT I AX lights moved off and disappeared around a bend in the river. The other passengers left immediately. Pearston stood for a few moments gazing into the waters that some miles below would ripple over his treasure. He turned, but had only taken a step, when with a muttered impreeation he tripped over a heavy object. Feeling about for the cause of his tumble he encountered a laborer’s blanket-roll—common enough in country districts. “Thrown off by mistake here, I guess”, he mused. “1 11 return it to the captain on the way back. Probably some, poor bum’s only belongings. I 11 play the trump card of honesty. ’ ’ Swinging the bundle over his shoulder and wondering at its weight, he stepped forth into the murky darkness in search of the hotel. Ten o’clock next morning found Pearston on the river in a rowboat, eight miles below Rio Alto. On either side were tides with the yellow river flowing languidly between. lie was keeping a keen lookout for the float, and he was calm about it. Anyone can be cool in danger; few are self-possessed in triumph. Still he ought to see it soon. Ah! There it was! To anyone else but to him it would have appeared a mere innocent floating cork. There was no sign of life on the river. He rowed toward it. At the first attempt he missed it, but the second time he caught the buoy and threw it into the bottom of the boat. Next he rowed upstream as far as the slack of the line would allow. Shipping his oars he slowly began to raise the bag. He felt a tug as the weight below came loose of the silt. Something dark soon appeared through the water. In another moment the dripping bag lay in the bottom of the boat. Poor Jack! “You could never get it on the way up.” He’d let the old boy see what brains could do.THE THI(EAI) OF FATE 41 Ifc pulled up the stream until the tides allowed him to approach the bank, and, beaching the boat, lie stepped into the shelter of the trees. lie must caehe the bag until he could safely return for it. The sack was heavy and he slid a reassuring hand over the bulging sides. Carefully he concealed the plunder and took his bearings as carefully. He could return for it in a few weeks when the excitement had died down. ‘Easy Street was his for the rest of his life. • 0 It was well past midday when Pcarston drew near the wharf at Rio Alto. lie had rowed leisurely, for anything like haste would have attracted attention, lie was perspiring freely. Exposure to the sun and the clammy embrace of river exhalations had not added to his comfort. lie had hoped to find the wharf deserted. Fate, however, seemed against him. Two loungers were seated on a pile of lumber near the landing place. lie could not avoid them. Hut, then, had he not provided for just such a contingency? The reeled line and attached hooks were lying in the stern. The boat grazed the wharf. Pcarston shipped his oars and arose to fasten the boat. 11 is observers were above him. lie had expected to be the subject of their conversation, but he was not prepared for what he heard. “Guess he must have anchored them in the stream,” said the first voice. “Guess he must have buried them,” said the second. The speakers chuckled. Pearston dared not look. He needed all his energy for thought. If they were after him, he was trapped. Two? He could dispose of them. But what then? No; he must face them. It could be nothing but suspicion after all. lie calmly mounted to the wharf. The loungers did not move. Were they playing cat and mouse with him? Carelessly he scanned their features. His eye brightened. “Pretty tough customers,” he said to himself, “but they have as much reason to steer clear of the law as I have.”42 THE IGX ATI AX ‘'Been anchorin’ yer fish out in the stream?” asked the one who had first spoken. “What’s that?” asked Pearston sharply. “Oh, I was just speakin’ fer fun,” said the man. “Me and Jim seen that line an sinkers, an’ the boat empty, an’ we calkerlated the fish was so hip: yer couldn’t git it aboard.” “Or so small,” added the other, “that yer wouldn’t like ter have it found floating an’ so buried it.” Pearston smiled. “Well,” he said, “We can’t always have luck our way,” though he felt a certain qualm of conscience in speaking so lightly of luck just at that moment. Not earing for further conversation, he walked briskly to the hotel. On entering his room his eye fell upon the blanket. “That'll clear me,” he said, “if I need an alibi for honesty. But I wonder why that fellow put his tool-chest inside, for it’s mighty heavy.” He was tempted to examine it, but magnanimously put the temptation from him. lie might not succeed in a perfect rearrangement of the blanket. lie hastened to the dining-room. The hour of dinner was, of course, past; a generous tip brushed all difficulties aside. lie ate leisurely. Why shouldn’t he? The waiter was telling him of the robbery. A long and a short man had done it. They always do. Pearston was medium-sized; the consequence was plain. He thought of turning the blanket over to the proprietor. But further consideration suggested that one can never be too cautious. lie must stick to the blanket, weight and all. And now for the river-boat. But river-boats, like ladies preparing for a party, are uncertain creatures—generally late—but you never can tell. Pearston paid his bill, and hiring a young man to carry the blanket, started for the wharf. He soon realized that that blanket and himself did not harmonize. People turned to look after him. The eyes of oncomcrs seemed to question him. “Hang the blanket,” he said, “I wish that I couldTHE THREAD OF FATE 43 ditch it.” As a cloak, however, for fifty thousand dollars, he determined to retain it. "With a grant, the tired youth at his side dropped his burden at the end of the wharf. “I wonder if that fellow carries his house around in his blanket ’ was his mental comment. People came and waited for the boat, and left, and returned again; but the boat came not. Perhaps she was hugging a sandbar. River-boats have strange attractions. And during all these weary hours not a person passed Pearston that did not look at that blanket. It was certainly not a thing of beauty, old and much frayed with use. Pearston cursed it in his heart. A dozen times he was tempted to throw it into the river; afterwards he wished he had done so. The sun was sinking in the West when the boat arrived. Its passengers crowded the forward deck. The purser, pale and haggard, stood a little apart. Though not relieved from his post, he knew that he was watched and would be arrested on his arrival in San Francisco. With one last, supreme, heroic effort, Pearston shouldered the hated blanket, and, the mark of scores of curious eyes, he hastened across the gang-plank. Had he gazed at the purser he would have noted the man staring at him with wide-open eyes; but all his thoughts were of the steward and the getting rid of the blanket. Having drawn the steward aside he cast his burden on the deck. He was panting with chagrin and the weight of the load. “That blank-blank-blanket,” he said, “was thrown by mistake on the wharf last night. See that I have in no way tampered with it.” Inquiring about a stateroom, he found that the one that he had occupied on the up-trip was vacant. He took the key and started for the room. He was entering it when he felt two arms clasp him, and warm tears fall upon his neck. Pearston wrenched himself free, and turning, looked into44 THE I ON AT I AN the eyes of the purser. “Come,” he said. “Cut out all this vine and elm-tree business; the river’s the proper place for water.” “Ah, my friend,” exclaimed the purser, “If you only knew what your honesty has done for me—” Pearston was flattered. The blanket trick had worked, but how, he could not fathom. “The blanket?” he suggested. “Then you suspected,” said the purser.” “Suspected what?” “That the stolen fifty thousand were hidden in the blanket. I was sorely tempted,” the man hurried on. I was in dire need. I hid the money in the blanket-roll. A confederate was to have received it and—” “And the wallet that was stolen?” broke in Pearston. “Was filled with waste paper and washers,” said the purser. “It was to have been found carefully locked up in the morning—” The door slammed in the purser’s face. Pearston locked it. lie would not open it for the steward; lie would not open it for the captain ;had it been possible for the whole world to surge round in homage to his virtue, that door would have remained closed. “lie was sick” he said and all he wanted was rest and quiet. And he must have been nervous, though they thought him over-modest, for he stammered in his speech when he told them to let him alone and that he never wanted to h-hcar again of th-that blank-blank-blanket.AFFECTATION—A FRAGMENT. Florence J. McAuliffe, A.B., ’76 Oh what a task! to explore the human heart! For one so wanting in the tender art To dare through Folly's countless mazes grope. Lacking the skill of Flaccus, or of Pope; To place the heart ’ncath Satire’s pleasing sway And unperceived, to laugh its faults away: Oh thou oft-summoned Muse, one more dull jade Will dare to court thy presence to his aid. Be thou a guide in my adventurous way, Lest inexperience lead my steps astray. First know this truth, which time and reason find— Of all things strange, the strangest is mankind. Nor Metaphysics, nor the Poet’s brain Can e’er conceive that curious creature man. A being stamped with features of a God, IIis breast to Folly proves a soft abode. As worthy trust as are the wintry skies, A whole made up of inconsistencies; Evils and miseries compelled to undergo Inflicted through himself, his direct foe. In endless search for happiness, he scorns To tread the righteous way. to bear its thorns; But thinks in pleasures and refined sin To grasp the sprightly nymph he fain would win. Oh ill-born thought that leads the human mind, Instead of peace, foul wretchedness to find: Experience teaches happiness to be Only in virtue and simplicity. Our perverse will’s the one, the immediate cause We list to error, spurning Virtue’s laws, But not alone against our heart ’s desire Do flagrant crimes or sinful acts conspire; A constant stream that turns our peace awry Our smaller faults of character supply, But Affectation! none surpasses thee, Thou first loved child of pride-sprung Vanity. ’Tis strange, ’tis strange, such folly should exist Where there’s a mind to meet it. and resist: But still, while pride the parent vice, shall reign. Must Affectation follow in its train.In Re Battling Nelson (A Moot Court Trial) A Play in One Scene by F. . Ainsworth. CHARACTERS The Judge Attorney for Plaintiff Jesse G rubst ake Attorney for Defendant Marcus Gracious Jury and AY it nesses Time: Any Monday night. Place: Afoot Court. Court—Is this case ready? Grubstake—Ready for the Plaintiff. Gracious—Ready for the defendant. Grubstake—This is an action for the replevin of a horse called “Battling Nelson. ’ Court—AY here is the horse? Grubstake—That is what we want to know, if your Honor pleases, and we at this time make demand on attorney for the defense to produce the horse in court. Failure to do so, we contend, will raise in our favor the presumption that evidence wilfully suppressed is presumed to be adverse if produced. Gracious—If your Honor pleases—we ask the Court to take judicial notice of the fact that we cannot produce the horse in court or even bring him into the building. Grubstake—If the Court pleases, we ask it to take judicial notice of the fact that the mayor is admitted into this building daily. Court—Counsel should be prepared to produce for the inspection of the jury all material evidence. Under the circumstances, however, it appearing that there might possibly be some difficulty in bringing the horse into court, I will allow the case to proceed without the horse. Counsel may proceed.IX RE BATTLING NELSON 47 Opening Statement of Jesse Grubstake. If the Court pleases, and gentlemen of the jury—this case, involving as it does the most flagrant violation of the eighteenth amendment to the Constitution—I beg your pardon— I mean—my mind miscarried—involves a horse. (Aside to his assistant)—“the prohibition amendment is driving me to drink.” Now if the Court pleases and gentlemen of the jury, we will prove that the plaintiff herein was the owner of the horse in question. We intend to prove this by means of a deed— Court, (interrupting)—What has the deed to do with horse ? Grubstake—It comes within the best evidence rule. Court—What does ? Grubstake—The deed. Court—Indeed, but how is that going to prove the ownership of the horse? Grubstake—Well, if we prove that plaintiff owned the property by means of the deed, and that the horse was on the property we then will have proven that the plaintiff owned the horse. Court—By what process of reasoning do you arrive at that conclusion ? Grubstake—By the equitable doctrine that he who comes into equity must have come with clean hands. Court—Where are the hands in this case? Grubstake—The horse was fifteen hands high. Gracious—This is a high handed affair. We object to this line of argument. Grubstake—We move for a nonsuit. Defendant has admitted that this was a high handed affair. Court—Please proceed to examine the witnesses. Grubstake—The plaintiff, Mr. Fits. Grubstake—(leaning heavily on the bar) What is your name? Fits—James Fits.4 THE 1 (IS ATI AS Grubstake—Occupation ? Fits—A tailored journeyman. Gracious—We object to that occupation. Grubstake—We desire to draw the Court’s attention to the fact that counsel's objection deprives the plaintiff of the constitutional guarantee of the right of life, liberty and pursuit of happiness. Court—Mr. Fits, what did you say that your occupation is? Fits—A tailored journeyman. Court—Can you explain that a little more fully? Fits—Well, not exactly. Court—Well, what do you do as a tailored journeyman? Fits—Well. I have the western agency for the eyeless and pointless needles, which 1 travel around selling. (’on rt—The agency ? Fits—No; the needles. Court—I get the point. Fits—There is none. Now, these needles have neither points nor eyes and, as you can readily see, are a radical innovation upon the accepted type of needles. Nevertheless, they have the power of acute penetration; guaranteed to last five hundred miles on the toughest cloth. Court—Now, Mr. Fits, I see that you are a traveling salesman. Counsel may resume his examination. Grubstake—Now, Mr. Fits, on the night in question, where were you, if at all ? Gracious—We object to that question as being leading and suggest ive. Court—In what regard? Gracious—No night in question has yet appeared— Grubstake—It is unquestionable. What do you call this? Gracious—and on the further grounds that it is suggestive of the fact of the non-existence of the witness at the time of the alleged conversion. Now, we contend that this is anticipating a defense. If the witness was in fact not in exis- FRESHMAN LAW. Densy, C. J. Murray. P. J. Donovan. D. C. Brooks, A. O'Brien, D. Clark. E. McNamara. J, Lemhart, M. Carlin. J. T. Callahan. A. Walsh, W. J. Labafth. S. Courtney. L. James, D. W. Donohue, G. A Keith. C. J. McCallion. N, Healy. J. F. Glynn. A. W. Burke, G. J.FRESHMAN LAW. Hughes. J. B. Welton, J. Riley. F. J. Cronin. J. J. Barnick, I . Carroll. F. W. Brennan. W. A. Deasy, J. L. Vinkler. A. Barry. G. F. O’Meara, E. Costello. 1). Devine. G Fulton, It. Cotter. T. Cosgrove, L. J. Taddiucci, A. F. Groom, P. V. Ortega. L. Gitterman. A. F. Madden. P. E. Pittman. C. F. Ham mack, V. C.IX HE BATTLING XELSOX V) tencc al the time of this alleged eonversion this is matter of defense and should be left for us to prove. Court—Objection sustained. Counsel should re-vamp his question. Grubstake—Mr. Fits, where were you on the night in question ? Fits—Home. Gracious—Now, we move that that answer be striken out as irrelevant on the grounds that it has not appeared as yet that this witness had a home. Court—Over-ruled. Court will take judicial notice of the fact that every man has a home. Grubstake—What were you doing? Fits—Sleeping. Grubstake—Where was the horse in question? Fits—In the same room with me. Grubstake—So it would be impossible for either of you to leave the room without the other one knowing of it? Fits—Absolutely. Grubstake—Now, Mr. Fits, while you were sleeping what do you recall happened? Gracious—Now, just a minute, if the Court please, we object to the witness answering that question on the grounds that he has not yet qualified as a clairvoyant. Until he does so he may not relate what he saw while sleeping. Court—The objection is well taken. Mr. Witness, have you ever taken money under false pretenses? I mean, have you ever been a clairvoyant? Fits—No. ('ourt—Objection sustained. Grubstake—Mr. Fits, will you kindly tell the court what happened to your horse that night? Fits—Well, 1 had a nightmare, and just as I woke I saw a man walk through the door of my room with a horse on his back.50 TIIE I (!X ATI AX (Great sensation in the courtroom and everybody strains to look at the defendant, Minnie.) Court—Mr. Witness, are you sure that you were awake? Fits—Just as much as I am now, sir. Gracious (aside to his assistant)—Make that a point in your argument to the jury. lie is asleep now. Grubstake—Now, Mr. Fits, what was the color of this horse ? Fits—Black with white stripes. Court—What color did you say, Mr. Witness? Fits—White with black stripes. Gracious—Now we would like to ask that the witness be required to state definitely whether this horse was white with black stripes or black with white stripes. Grubstake—Well, if your Honor pleases, we think that this is immaterial. The mere enumeration of the stripes is not at all essential to a particular description of the horse. Court—Counsel is right. I will allow the horse to be white with black stripes or black with white stripes. Gracious—I suppose the Court is applying the equitable theory that that which is capable of being made certain is certain. Court—Not so much that as the doctrine de minimis non curat lex. Proceed with the examination. Grubstake—That is all. Court—Proceed with the cross-examination. Gracious—Now, Mr. Fits, on the night in question what were you doing, if anything? Fits—Sleeping. Gracious—I low do you know that you were sleeping? Fits—I don't, but you can't prove that I wasn’t. Court—Witness must refrain from exposing the ignorance of opposing counsel. Grubstake—We think that ruling prejudicial, as it places the learning of friendly counsel in jeopardy.IN RE BATTLING NELSON 51 Court—We will extend the ruling to both counsel. Gracious—Now, Mr. Fits, you testified that the horse in question was white with black stripes. Are you sure of that? Fits—Yes. Gracious—Now, Mr. Fits, was there any light in the room where you two were sleeping that night? Fits—No. Gracious—Was the moon shining? Grubstake—We object to that question as tending to incriminate the witness. Gracious—Please keep still. Court—Objection over-ruled. Answer the question. Fits—No. Gracious—Then how, T ask you, how Mr. Fits, did you distinguish the black stripes on the horse.In other words, could it not have been another horse that was stolen from your presence? (Note:—This was considered by all a stroke of state. A very clever point.) Fits (confusedly)—Well, T can’t say. Grubstake (to his assistant)—Object to something. Honker—We object to something. Court—What is it ? Honker—We do not see what difference it makes whether this witness observed the black stripes on his horse or not. If he went to sleep in a room with a horse and woke to see a man packing a horse away on his back and found the next morning that his horse was gone, the horse that he saw being removed must have been his. (Note:—The spectators were awed by the coldness of this logic for a brief spell.) Court—Supposing that the witness had had a night mare and the horse in question had gotten up and walked from the house sua sponte, without animus revertendi, what then? Honker—The doctrine of estrays would be applicable. Court—No, that rule only applies in the ease of DamagedA Glance at Silicon and Its Uses Edmund Slater The element Silicon is seldom seen outside the chemical laboratory, yet it is the most abundant element in the mineral world. Its oxide is the most widely diffused ornament among minerals, and silicon compounds claim the greatest share in the lapidary’s art. Constituting the great bulk of the soil from which living beings draw support, it enters into the composition of the human body just as in prehistoric times it formed the ornamented shells of the diatoms. It gives strength and rigidity to the stems of many plants, especially the cereal grasses and bambo. The sponge builds its wonderful habitation from silicious matter and its texture rivals silk. The chemist combines the same Silicon with charcoal and produces Carborundum, practically the equal of diamond dust as an abrasive. The manufactured Silicon compound, with which we are the most familiar, is window glass. It is composed of sodium and calcium silicates with usually a small amount of alumina present in the finished product. It is made by fusing 100 parts of sand, 35 parts of chalk and 35 of soda-ash with a considerable amount of broken window glass. The varying colors seen in common glass are produced by small amounts of metallic substances fused into the mass of silicates. Thus the green shade of bottle glass is due to iron; cobalt imparts a rich transparent blue; manganese colors glass violet; uranium gives a yellow, while gold gives a deep rich crimson. Window glass was made formerly by experienced glass-blowers who withdrew from the melting pots the molten material at the end of a long blowing pipe. From this they blew a large bubble of glass which, yielding to gravity, gradually elongated into a cylinder closed at both ends. Then the cylinder was cut lengthwise, heated to plasticity, flattened and54 TIIE IGXAT!AX annealed. This method has been supplanted by another which depends on mechanical blowing done by compressed air. A pipe having a eup shaped end, and capable of being raised or lowered, is suspended over the furnace and is supplied with compressed air at its upper extremity. It is lowered into the “batch” to be blown and the air is turned on. Simultaneously the pipe is lifted upwards. A long cylinder of glass, the size and thickness of which depends upon the amount of air and the speed of withdrawal, adheres to the bottom of the pipe. When this hollow cylinder has reached the desired length it is allowed to hang from the pipe until it attains a temperature at which it will not bend. It is subsequently lowered, split, flattened, annealed and stored. It is needless to point out the advantages of this system over the old. In the latter the size of the cylinder never exceeded six feet in length and nine inches in diameter. Furthermore the life of the glass-blower, due to the abnormal use of his lungs, was shortened. There has been a parallel advance in the bottle making industry, which is one of the chief lines of manufacture in the glass trade. The old style bottle was blown individually in a brass mold and finished by hand. Now machines turn out bottles completely finished and many at a time. Figured glass, through which light passes readily but which has a surface of so pebbly an appearance that it is not transparent, is made by running plastic glass through power driven rollers on which a design is cut. The finest of all window glasses is called plate glass. Its smoothness, its clearness, its freedom from defects, recommends it for shop windows, automobile wind-shields or any other purpose where undistorted vision is required. The actual raw materials for the production of this glass are the same as for ordinary window glass, except that they must have, in addition, fluxing and purifying agents. When these materials are melted and have reached the proper stage of vitrification, the surface is skimmed of all dross, and the underlying mass poured on aA GLANCE AT SILICON AND ITS VSES 55 heated metal tabic having a top that has been machined flat. Two rails, corresponding in height to the thickness of the glass to be made, support a metal roller, which, passing back and forth over the molten glass flatten it out into a uniform sheet. When sufficiently cool it is transferred to the annealing ovens where it is tempered by heating and slowly cooling. Later both of its surfaces are mechanically polished. The indispensable household utensils and ornaments are beautified by pressing figures on the plastic glass fashioned to the shapes desired. Ornamental pitchers, tumblers, bowls and dishes, which resemble cut glassware are made by such a process. High lustre as well as plasticity are secured by employing flint instead of crown glass. It is a potassium-lead silicate produced by fusing 300 parts of the purest white sand with 200 parts of the red oxide of lead and 100 parts of refined pearl-ash. Usually there are 30 parts of nitre added to oxidize impurities that may accidently be carried into the blended materials. The sparkle and brilliancy of cut glass is due to the reflection and refraction of light falling on designs cut into the lustrous glass by grinding wheels and beautifully polished. If suitably colored and cut, artificial gems may be fashioned from this lead glass so that they closely resemble the precious stones. Art glass of different kinds is colored by melting into the clear mixture either compounds of metals or certain other elements in a state of extreme division. Very artistic work is made by painting a design on glass with colors which will not fade when heated, and then firing the glass until the pigments blend with it in a homogeneous mass. Mosaic work depends on the same chemical principles. The colored materials are not, however, produced from glass. Aluminum silicate in some form is the basic substance. To meet the exacting requirements of chemical work a peculiar glass is made which resists the corrosive action of acidsTHE I (IS AT! AS 56 and especially the alkalies. It is ro infusible that it withstands high temperatures and has such a low coefficient of expansion that it can be cooled quickly without cracking. That latter property allows the walls of the vessels to be of some thickness, thereby contributing greatly to their strength and durability. Bohemia and Germany held a monopoly on its manufacture before the war. But now articles of home manufacture are produced that are better than the imported ware. Very serviceable articles are being made from this glass for culinary purposes. The stress of war led to a more important advance in our glass production. Formerly almost every pound of optical glass used in this country was imported. With the stopping of its exportation and our participating in the war the situation became extremely critical. It was met by a government laboratory making a better optical glass than had ever been bought in Europe. The manufacture of this glass is a very tedious operation. It requires the most exacting care and accuracy. The crucible in which the glass is melted; the rod with which it is stirred must be carefully chosen, for molten glass easily dissolves metallic oxides, and the slightest trace of some of these is enough to so badly discolor the glass as to render it unfit for use. With optical glass the finished product must be clean and clear, free from bubbles, spots, ‘‘striae”, or stresses or strains. It must be so constituted that its refractive index is suitable to the needs of the instrument in which it is to be used. Pure silica melts at a very high temperature and produces a fine grade of glassware, sold under the trade name of “Yitreosil.” It is now replacing the expensive metallic apparatus in chemical manufacture because it is unsurpassed in resisting corrosion. Rods of this substance when drawn out produce threads which are very strong, have a low coefficient of expansion, and are free from what is known as “elastic fatigue.” For this reason they find extensive use in delicate scientific instruments. A small bundle of these threads heldA GLANCE AT SILICON AM) ITS USES .) i in a metal container is used as an eraser. It acts equally well with pencil or with ink. One of the most novel uses that glass has been put to is the production of ‘glass wool.” A handful of this “wool” which is made by spinning out and air-cooling threads of molten glass in much the same manner as candy floss is made, bears a resemblance to wool except that it is of finer texture and is of a pearly white color. It is possible to spin it into thread and to weave it into a cloth possessing a natural lustre, richness of color and general beauty that few materials can equal. Waterglass is a term applied to the alkaline silicates containing an excess of alkali and soluble in water. If applied to a surface that is lime-faced (whitewashed) etc., it combines with the lime to form an insoluble silicate or artificial stone. In paint, waterglass acts as a filler, gives body and imparts covering power and adapts itself to any color. It is used in soap and also plays an important part in the manufacture of earthenware. Another use, with which many are familiar, depends upon the action mentioned above, namely, that of forming an insoluble stone when it acts on lime. Egg shells are composed of lime, so when they are immersed in a solution of waterglass their shells are turned to a species of non-porous stone. Thus the egg is protected from invading putrefactive organisms. Next to glass the material that finds a most wide-spread application is porcelain. The highly prized, translucent variety is formed from refined Kaolin which is a clay composed of weathered aluminum silicate. Less pure clay than Kaolin when properly baked and glazed makes crockery. This glaze may range from common salt to ground felspar according to the requirements of the finished article as it ascends from the vitrified clay in pottery to the finish of “Haviland China.” The clay is baked hard then coated with the glaze and refined. Pigments are laid on it in a design and fused into its surface to make “painted china.”58 THE (!X ATI AX Enamels are practically the same as the glaze on crockery, but differ much in composition according to the nature of the article and its intended use. They are melted on articles like bath-tubs after the metal base has been scrupulously cleaned by a sand blast. Sinks and drains and all articles of similar composition are made in the same way. Great iron caldrons may now be bought lined smoothly with an enamel resembling agateware or with glass. Such manufactured articles are very suitable for the preparation of chemicals and food products. Enameled-ware has so revolutionized the methods of household furnishing that the sanitary precision of the hospital is now possible in an ordinary home and the care and preparation of food has become easy as well as safe. No element is more entwined in the history of the race than silicon. In prehistoric times flints served the primitive race in many ways, and to the end the human family will use and admire the agate, onyx and amethyst. From the cradle to the grave silicon in some form is needed, and the delight of the child in possessing agate and cornelian is equalled by the joy of the architect who realizes his dreams in elegant massive chalcedony.52 THE IGX ATI AX Pheasants. This was a horse and not a bird. The argument molts no feathers. Gracious—It is a foul. Court—Proceed with the cross-examination. Gracious—That is all. Grubstake—That is all. That is our case. Court—Counsel for defense may now submit their defense. Gracious—Our witness has gone home. Court—It isn't time yet. He shouldn’t have. I will mark him absent. (General murmur of disapproval greeted this remark.) Gracious—We wish to make a motion for a nonsuit. Grubstake—I desire to have it expressly understood here that we will tolerate no reflection that tends to defame our client in his trade or occupation. Court—What are the grounds for the nonsuit? Gracious—The color of this horse. Plaintiff should have proven conclusively that he could distinguish the white stripes from the black, the night that the horse was alleged to have been removed from his presence. Court—What has counsel for the plaintiff to say to this? Grubstake—We feel that it is all a color scheme. The Court is bound to resolve all reasonable doubts in favor of the plaintiff on a motion for nonsuit, therefore, it will be reasonably presumed that if the plaintiff saw white stripes on the horse in question en passant, the portions of the horse that he did not see were black stripes. Court—I will take this matter under consideration. In the meantime, I will require both counsel to submit authorities on the proposition whether a white horse with black stripes is a black horse with white stripes, or whether a black horse with white stripes is a white horse with black stripes. I am sure the Supreme Court of the State of California must have ruled on that point when it was considering the blue sky laws. (Whereupon Moot Court adjourned.)‘Washington Thomas Brannan A man’s place in history is determined by his influence on civilization. Washington, scorning a kingship and embracing the humbler office of the presidency, founded a democracy, and thereby started a new era in the history of the government of the world. The success of the experiment with the new system of government is due to the prudence and assiduousness of Washington. In behalf of his country he faced the scoffing world, and contended with the supporters of the old form of rule, until, victorious, he erected the edifice of State upon a firm foundation of Union, Equality and Justice. A sagacious statesman, he perceived that upon those principles depends our national liberty. To protect liberty and insure peace, he insisted on a state, of rigid neutrality with foreign nations, and urged perpetual armament. A falling away from Washington’s precepts would assure the destruction of America! The labors of Washington stimulated the republic; the principles of action and sources of power he gave it. have sustained it through every crucial period, and exalted it to the pinnacle of world ascendancy! With firm trust in Almighty God, purity of morals, staunchness of character, and genius in leadership and diplomacy, Washington is a model for all officials in federal or state government. Among all the rulers of history, he stands foremost as having scrupulously obeyed all the laws of his country throughout his career. His own achievements have canonized hi in! •Second Prize in Examiner Washington Essay Contest.The Pemberton Case Eustace Cullinan, Jr. I. I had almost finished breakfast l efore Kendall appeared with his faded dressing down wrapped around his slender form, and wearing his ancient carpet slippers. The detective was plainly showing the effects of overwork. He seemed older and even more nervous than usual; his thin white cheeks had grown thinner and whiter, and the dark rings of care had formed beneath his keen brown eyes. TIis first act was to open the morning mail, and it was while he glanced over one of the letters, that I noticed a faint smile light up his tired faee. “Harkins”, he said at length, “I think T see a way to combine business with the pleasures of a much needed vacation. This invites us to Elmville, Tennessee, that we may devote our talents to the solution of the mysterious murder of Colonel Pemberton.” “By all means, let’s go,” I urged, for I had been after him to leave New York for three months past, for I feared a breakdown in his health. He paused and took at least ten turns up and down the room before replying. “Yes, I think we can make it,” he said finally. “And now that that’s settled, let’s start as soon as possible. 1 leave all the arrangements in your hands.” II. When Kendall and I arrived at Elmville, we found that usually quiet little southern town in a state of feverish agitation. It had been stirred to its very foundations, and even the excitement of the war had neither been so sensational nor so personal. And what small town will not put away years of traditional quiet, when its leading citizen is mysteriously murdered? Colonel Arthur Pemberton had been a typical gentlemanTIIE PEMBERTON CASE ( 1 of the South—the last of the famous Ashton County Pembertons. lie had owned much real estate in the town, but had lived on his plantation, a mile or so away. By common consent he was regarded as a man to be honored and respected, though chiefly, it must be admitted, because no one ever knew anything about him to contradict the general impression. It is true that some considered his aloofness out of date, and resented his aristocratic habits, but they realized that it was impossible for a man of his age to remold his character; the twig had been bent in childhood, the curvature had become fixed with years. No one, however, was known to have any grievance against him that would prompt murder. He was a widower, his wife having been dead fifteen years, and though a stern master, he was not harsh, and his negro workers never made complaint. Bob, the foreman, was the only other white man on the plantation. He was devoted to his employer, and it was he who had found the body. Kendall and I both felt the disadvantages of our belated arrival. The benefits to a detective of an early appearance at the scene of a murder are obvious. It was always Kendall’s practice to order everything untouched until his coming, and this, he maintained, was a most important consideration in the discovery of clews. As it was, however, all traces of the crime had been seemingly removed, and we were forced to content ourselves with ’the very meagre information obtainable from a none too astute town police. Their theory was very simple. The murder was the work of a stranger, a tramp, doubtless. He had come to the house for food and had seen his opportunity for plunder while the men were in the fields. The only thing was to find the tramp, and Kendall had been called to ferret him out. Declining the offer of all, even of the head of the town police to accompany us, we proceeded to the house. Upon ringing the bell, we were ushered into the room where the murder had been committed, a spacious living-room, on the first floor of a two-story frame dwelling.62 THE 1 OS ATI AN % Once inside, Kendall’s first act was to summon Bob, the foreman, to secure a detailed account of the finding of the body. Bob appeared, a big, rawboned rustic, with honest simplicity written all over an unintelligent face. He seemed worried, evidently supposing himself under suspicion, and consequently was eager to give his account with exactness. There are some people, one feels instinctively, incapable of committing murder. Bob was one of these. It was two o’clock in the afternoon of a hot summer day that Bob found his slain employer. Apparently he had been murdered a short time before, as the body was still warm. The French windows were open, and presumably, it was through these that the assasin had entered and escaped, although the door of the room was not locked. The Colonel had evidently been dozing in his armchair after lunch, with his back to the windows. When found, he was huddled in the chair, with the warm, vagrant breezes of the plantation gently moving his thin white hair and rustling the papers on the table. A deep knife wound in the back below the left shoulder showed how the deed had been done. No other marks were found on the body. The motive of the crime was apparently furnished by the fact that a pair of cuff-links and a scarf-pin were missing, along with two rings, which had been stripped from the fingers. The total value of the jewelry did not aggregate more than two hundred dollars. Neither the knife, nor a woman’s picture, nor any of the usual clews left by criminals of fiction had been found, and the dry dust outside the windows bore footprints too distorted for practical aid toward the solution of the mystery. “What did you came here for at two o’clock?” questioned Kendall sharply. “Every day I drive to Elmville about that time,” was the ready answer, “and I always came in to see if the Colonel wanted anything from town.” “Did you notice any suspicious characters around here lately?” 4THE PEMBERTOX CASE 63 “No,” replied Boh. Tramps sometimes passed this way. hut they cleared out quick on account of the dogs.” Where were the dogs on the day of the murder?'’ asked Kendall. “That’s the strange thing about the affair,” was the answer. “They must have been poisoned the night before. We only found their bodies later.” A gleam of understanding lit up the detective’s eyes. I did not question him, for 1 knew he would not reveal his thoughts. “So you agree with the police that it was the work of tramps,” he asked after a moment’s pause. Bob’s countenance fell. “I guess they know their business,” he answered, “the thing is beyond me.” “But this was broad daylight,” persisted Kendall, “somebody must have seen a stranger.” “Not if he came up by the lane at the rear of the house,” said Bob. “All of us,” he went on, pointing, “were out there in the fields, except Balum, the cook, and Sam and Jim, who do odd jobs about the house.” “Call them in. I’d like to speak to them,’’ said Kendall. “Doubtless they won’t help much, but I want to follow up everything.” His manner was perfectly calm, but I knew that he was thinking deeply. “I think I hear Jim and Sam working outside in the yard,” said the foreman. He stepped to the window. “Yes,” he added, “and Balum’s with them." Kendall moved to the window and intently studied the group. Bob left him and soon returned with three sullen negroes shuffling behind. Then only did Kendall turn. He fixed a pair of eyes upon them that seemed to read them through. Did he read them? To me it seemed there was nothing to be read. Three stolid faces, blank enigmas of stupidity. Examination and cross-examination proved equally futile. They had seen nothing, heard nothing, knew nothing, though each crudely insinuated the guilt of the other two. Indeed, open hostilities were more than once prevented by thef 4 THE IGXA TIAX detective’s quick intervention, lie, himself, seemed at a loss, and I could only pity him for his wasted time. “We’ll have to try elsewhere,” 1 suggested, helpfully. “We stay right here,” was the rejoinder. “Now,” he said to the trio, “1 have questioned you about this murder, and you all say you are innocent. One of you is guilty. As yet 1 don't know which. Now I have a way that never failed me, to get the murderer. If you are innocent, have no fear, for the spirits and Fate will protect you. but the guilty—well, let him look out. I’m going to put three strips of paper in my hat. Each of you will draw a strip without looking,” he paused impressively, “and the man that draws the longest is the murderer.” Even I, accustomed as I was, to Kendall’s new and sensational methods of fathoming mysteries was astonished at his plan. However, the strips were drawn, and after turning to look out of the window for a few moments, he proceeded to collect the papers. “That will do—you can go,” he said. As the three were filing out of the room Kendall spoke again: “Just a minute, Balum, you can tell us who killed Colonel Pemberton.” There was silence. All eyes were fixed on Balum. He stood stunned, motionless, lie turned his head so slowly that it seemed an age before his terror-stricken eyes found Kendall’s. His jaws moved up and down spasmodically, as if vainly trying to speak. Finally, as he stood, swaying, with one hand on the doorknob, his knees gave way and he fell limply to the floor. Within half an hour he was taken away. lie had confessed all. III. “How in the world did you do it?” I asked the elated Kendall on our way back to the hotel. The detective replied happily: “I didn’t, and that’s the funny part of it. How- ever, I had strong suspicions, and I played a long shot to win.” I was still in the dark, and must have evidenced my con- IGNATIAN STAFF. O’Brien, W. A. Courtney. L. Kcil. E. I). Slater. E. O'Brien. M. H. Devine. G. Sweigcrt. W. Ruggles. C. F. Fitzpatrick. E. I.enahan. J. A. I.X FOURTH HIGH, A. Mervy. A. Schaechtel. J. McAuliflfe, J Hancock. W. McSweeney. D. Barulich. P. Kinjr. T. Walsh. E. Wallis, H. Mackin. F. Bertl. R. Caveney. H. Sullivan. J. Gaffney, J. Ix Presti. T. Coleman. J. Fish. W. Kropp, D. Hayes, J.THE PEMBERTON CASE 65 dition, for Kendall ran on: “Harkins, your face is nearer a perfect blank than I have seen it for some time. You are still unconvinced? Well, here’s the way I worked it out. In the first place, when we went to the scene of the crime, and the foreman was summoned. I soon satisfied myself that he was not the murderer. I saw that he was no giant of intellect. and it is highly improbable that a man of his type would be so crafty as to kill a man and then call the police. Again, every detail of his story held its ground in spite of the most searching cross-examination. Finally, Bob is righthanded, as was plain from his gestures while he told his story.” What difference does that make?” I could not help asking in surprise. ‘‘A very great difference,” he answered slowly, “because the murderer was lefthanded. We know that the only wound on the body was that of a knife, deep in the back of the left shoulder, and pointing to the spine. As the Colonel was slain from the rear, it was evident that the murderer was lefthanded, unless he plunged the knife with a hack-handed stroke, which, you will agree, was highly improbable. Another fact, which came under my observation, was that robbery was the motive, and that the spoils, though of a showy nature, were of comparatively little value. I reasoned that a negro would be more apt to be impressed by •gaudy jewelry than the ordinary white. However, this was problematical, and while I was debating the point with myself, Bob called me to the window and pointed out the three who were open to suspicion. You will recollect that I observed them intently, the more so when I saw Balum chopping wood and wielding the hatchet with his left hand. A few moments more of observation convinced me that Jim and Sam were not left handed. I need scarcely state that the poisoning of the dogs suggested the guilt of a servant ; for no stranger could have approached them without fear of an uproar, even if they had been chained. Did you notice, too, that of the three, Balum, with all his stolidity, showed the greater strain, and that it was he, who first sought to divert suspicion(Hi tiie rayatiax by hinting at the guilt of the others? All these considerations arc inconclusive, I admit, but they all seemed to point one way. I wanted just one more little link before I ran the big bluff, and to this end, I worked that stunt of drawing lots. You know, we are all more or less superstitious, the negro most of all. It seems to be their chief characteristic. Those three were no exceptions. Did you see their wool tied up in various ways to keep off the spirits? Relying on this I tried the strip-drawing stunt. You remember I told them that the innocent need not fear; the spirits would protect him? That only the guilty one would draw the longest? Well, the result was as I expected ’ “But still I don’t sec how the mere fact that Baluin drew the longest strip pointed him out as the murderer.” “Hawkins, you’re the limit,” burst out Kendall laughing. “All the strips were of the same size when I passed them out, but when collected, Balum’s was the shortest. You see, he shortened his when my back was turned.” ®lj? ignatian Published by the Students of St. Ignatius College San Francisco, Calif. June, 1922 EDITOR-IN-CHIEF GEORGE DEVINE, ’23 Associate Editor EDMUND SLATER, ’23 Alumni_________________________ WILLIAM SWEIGERT, A.B., ’21 Law.......................EDWARD I. FITZPATRICK, A.B., ’21 University Notes ................... WILLIAM O'BRIEN, '24 Athletics............. _............ MARTIN O’BRIEN, ’24 High School Athletics______________________ MAYO BROLAN Publicity _______________________ LAWRENCE COURTNEY, 25 BUSINESS MANAGER CHARLES F. RUGGLES, '24 CIRCULATION MANAGER JOHN A. LENAHAN, '24 Mrs. Berthe Welch INSCRIBED on the tomb of the architect and builder of St. Paul’s Cathedral in London are the simple words— “Si monumentum quaeris, circumspiee.” No need had he of glowing epitaph or lengthy tributes to his lofty conceptions and consummate skill as an artisan. Deeds arc louder than words, and his great temple by its mute eloquence has perpetuated his genius forever. So it is with one, whom many of us were privileged to know and love in her sweet personality, and whom many more knew and loved in her works. The written word, the impressive oration, the splendid enconium, can never fully express the merits of whose good deeds are strung as beads on the Rosary of her life. If you seek her monument, gaze about68 THE IGSATIAN you; the flower-banked altars of St. Ignatius Church, the splendid vestments of her priests, and, as the last testimonial of her devotion, the magnificent Faculty Building, all these proclaim with loud and sweet voices that she always practised the virtues of Faith and Hope and never forgot, neither in public view nor in private life, that the greatest of all is Charity. Too often the visible and tangible proofs of an ordinary friend’s devotion are destroyed and her memory obscured. Not so with one whose gracious, loving spirit accompanied all her gifts, whose gentle presence was as welcome as her never-failing aid, whose love as dear to St. Ignatius Church and College as her frequent manifestations of it. We can never forget her goodness in the trying times of the great catastrophe of 1906 when she placed her own mansion at the disposal of the Fathers, her repeated benefactions in the weary years of rebuilding, and only recently, the act of great-hearted generosity in giving the Jesuits a home. We mourn her departure but we are consoled by the thought that she is now enjoying the eternal recompense merited by her good deeds. • • • • • EXPANSION. A visitor to St. Ignatius might note many changes during the past year. He would remark the growth of the College Building, for with the completion of the magnificent new Faculty Building, the former residence was immediately invaded by a score of artisans who, by the beginning of the Fall term had completely remodeled the building and installed many bright, new class-rooms. lie would marvel at the way in which the new rooms were filled, for due to the untiring efforts of our Vice-President, Father Simpson and to his efficient staff of teachers, the High School has enlarged far beyond its former extent. If he were a friend of the College, and who is not? he would rejoice at the expansion of the Legal and Pre-Medical Departments, for with the Law School Faculty composed of the most highly trained and capable menEDITORIAL 69 obtainable and with the well-equipped Scientific laboratories, in charge of such men as Father Conlan and Father Gilbert, the College has begun to recover from the hardships imposed upon it by the burdening debt and the depopulating war, and can again look to the future. It is the hope and belief of everyone that the day is not far distant, when, under the guidance of our beloved President, Father Moore, the new College and the new High School will crown Ignatian Heights as worthy companion structures to those already there. • • • A SUCCESSFUL YEAR. Every college has a certain amount of humdrum work that must be done, a certain monotonous routine that must be followed and a daily grind that must be gone through. A great part of this is dull and uninteresting, and colleges have, as a rule, no means of demonstrating the value of their training. This need is filled only on special occasions which take the form of contests, either Intercollegiate or Intra-Mural, and either physical or mental. St. Ignatius, in the past year, has had many such contests. In the Basketball season we competed with some of the best teams on the Coast; out of which we emerged with a respectable collection of high-class scalps; and in the Annual President’s Day Track Meet, in which the ancient charge against college athletics was refuted: namely that a few do all the work, receive all the physical benefits and a lion’s share of the glory, while the majority of the students sit on the bleachers. But from these we turn to the more important contests, not those in which mere physical prowess, or strength of muscle or fleetness of foot is sufficient, but to those in which the higher powers of the intellect must dominate, and in which they reach their highest stage of efficiency. Among these the practice of debating has long been recognized, and among greater numbers of people every year, as a remarkable developer of the mind, a sharpener of wits, and an index of mental depth, acumen and reasoning power.70 THE IGX ATI AX Contests of this nature were held during the Spring Semester, from the Oratorical Contest, in which with perfection of gesture, grace of expression, and manner of delivery of original orations—many of which were of great literary merit in themselves—the students vied with each other for the prize:—the McKinley Debate, which has been described as the most keenly contested debate held here in years, when the spirit of the speakers was reflected in the packed Auditorium which time and again was rocked with rounds of applause:—the two High School contests, where finished acting and argumentative skill were ably displayed; to the Law College Debate, where calm, forceful reasoning and forensic eloquence exhibited the results of invaluable training for practice in the courtroom. All these, however, were in a way preparatory to the Annual Debate with Stanford, for it is only in a combat with another institution that the spirit of a true Intercollegiate Contest can enter in. Here it was that the reward of the former training was received, that the labors of our men were crowned with success; for the Red and Blue emerged victorious in both debates. And when we realize that out of the comparatively few who attend our College, six men have been chosen each year for the past three years and have received fifteen out of eighteen possible votes; when we compare the two colleges in size and in wealth, we may appreciate what this victory means to us. It means that we have striking evidence of that which we have always known but sometimes refrained from saying; namely, that while we may not be equal in size, in wealth, in magnificent buildings, in great stadiums or amphitheaters to larger institutions of learning, our graduates and undergradutes are in the front rank in the ability to reason clearly, to state facts accurately, to draw correct conclusions from well established principles, and to express their ideas in forceful, eloquent language.EDITORIAL 71 BAR EXAMINATIONS In the last Bar Examination there were?some 220 aspirants for admission to legal practice. Of these ten were from St. Ignatius. 'When the results were announced it was found that out of the total number 73 had successfully passed. Among these were the 10 St. Ignatius men. Truly a splendid record. One hundred per cent. The College rejoices in the achievement of her sons and wishes them every success in their chosen profession. • • CO-OPERATION To achieve anything co-operation is necessary. Satisfactory results can never be obtained without it. Now for a College to prosper, for its name to be known and loved, cooperation in the fullest meaning of the term is all-important; co-operation between student and student, between student and Faculty, between the students of former years and those of today, the oldest grad and the youngest freshman. Without this clement nothing, not even the publication of a College magazine, can be undertaken with any degree of success. St. Ignatius needs this spirit of co-operation, and never more than at the present time. Are you doing your duty by Alma Mater or does your conscience tell you that you are a slacker?V A FAMOl’S French writer once expressed in his own inimitable way this thought. When the distress of revolution is over and the trying hours of strife are ended, it ill behooves those who remained aloof and unscathed during the period of sacrifice to share the glory and to utter the boasts of successful patriots. This applies to our Alumni Association. Alma Mater has during the past few years passed through an ordeal of misfortune. She is even now in the midst of her trials. To be sure her spirit and her ideals have been held high; but the most desirable accompaniments of worldly prosperity and prestige have been lacking. Perhaps in the dark days our enthusiasm has waned. That is human nature. But the clouds are rifting and the dawn of a glorious future is breaking with hopeful light. When St. Ignatius College with broad campus, and stately edifice takes its place in the shadows of the present magnificent St. Ignatius Church and. as a center of learning, commands the respect and admiration of the whole community, then human nature will reverse itself and prompt the proud boast, “Yes, I am a grad of St. Ignatius, A. B., Ahem!” Will we then have won the right to boast by our fidelity in the distressful days? Or will we have lost that right by our cool indifference when Alma Mater needed us? Shall we, boasting and sharing the future glory of St. Ignatius College. deserve the censure passed by the French writer upon those who shirked the toil of battle and then brazenly sought to claim the fruits of victory? Alumni of St. Ignatius, let's get busy!ALUMXI 73 ’70 Hon. Jeremiah Sullivan, A.B., L.L.B., as the president of the Bar Association, will have the responsibilities of a host when the American Bar Convention comes to San Francisco in August. This eminent Alumnus measures up well to the task. J78 Alfred Whittle, A.B., is now associated with the Mercantile Trust Co. in this City. ’81 Hon. James I). Phelan, A.B., LL.D., ex-senator from California, has been mentioned recently on numerous occasions as a possible candidate for Governor. The Senator, however, has been away for some time on a tour around the world. ’83 Edward Luby, M. S., local banker, recently suffered the loss of his beloved mother. Frank Hughes, B.S., prominent in shipping circles, devotes a great deal of his valuable time and enthusiasm to the cause of Alma Mater and is to be complimented on his work for the St. Ignatius May Festival and the Concert recently given at the Civic Auditorium for the benefit of St. Ignatius Church. ’88 The ability of Louis Bartlett, A.B., Ph.D., has received a well deserved acknowledgement in his election to the office of Mayor of Berkeley, California. ’89 Oscar Rouleau, B.S., is now a prominent officer of the Title Insurance and Guarantee Company in this city. '91 The versatility of our friend Dr. James Franklin Smith, M.D., M.S., has again been demonstrated in his recent debates on the Irish question. ’93 Benjamin McKinley, A.M., LL.D., is as genial as ever and a popular professor of law. ’94 Dr. A. II. Giannini, A.B., M.D., who is now the president of the East River National Bank of New York City paid a two weeks visit to this city. He was given a handsome re- 474 THE HiS ATI AN (•option by his innumerable friends in San Francisco, the city, which, though not at present his place of residence, will ever bo “Home to the Doctor. ’96 Robert Richards, A.B., LL.I)., is now Assistant Attorney General of the State of Nevada, and became prominent in recent legal proceedings in that state. '98 Henry Costa, A.B., is at present located in Genoa, Italy. 00 Our rotund friend Michael Buckley, A.B., recently completed his duties in connection with a high Federal position. Stanislaus Riley, A.M., LL.D., for some time past has been heeding the call of the great out-doors and almost every weekend finds him striding the hills to “Dipsea”. “Stan” is an enthusiastic hiker. Edward F. O’Dav, A.M., is still handling the publicity for Spring Valley. Every now and then we can enjoy one of his literary treats in the local papers. In addition, Ed. has been President of our Alumni Association. By a curious twist of fate, Fr. Zacheus Maher, S.J., A.B., an old graduate of St. Ignatius College, has been elevated to the Presidency of our time honored rival, Santa Clara University. Richard (“Nic”) "Williams, A.B., is now associated with the San Francisco Baseball Club in a managerial capacity. ’01 Joe Murphy, A.B., an able fighter for St. Ignatius, is still as busy as ever. We hear that he was recently made a Director of the Bank of Italy. Dr. Constantine Bricca, A.B., M.D., our widely-known friend, devotes his spare moments to the golf course. At least that is the rumor. 02 Alfred Cleary, A.B., B.S., formerly active on the Engineering side of the Hetch Hetehy project, is now a prominent consulting engineer of this city. Frank Barrett, A.M., L.B., has for the last two years been ALUMNI 75 giving his splendid lectures to the classes in the Law College. Ilis professional work is certainly both interesting and effective. Edward Foley, A.M.. LL.B., is a representative of the Federal Dept, of Commerce and has seen service in Rome and London. ’04 William Breen, A.M., LL.B., is another of our faithful old graduates who devotes a great deal of his valuable time to lecturing in the Law College. ’05 William Kieferdorf, A.M., is now trust officer for the Bank of Italy. ’07 Rev. Fr. John Lennon, S.J., A.B., who only a short time ago was ordained a priest, is still at the Jesuit House in Hastings, England. Eustace Cullinan, A.M., LL.B., one of our prominent San Francisco attorneys, has attracted considerable notice of late by his participation in the State Water-Power debates. ’08 Raleigh Kelly, A.B., LL.B., was recently appointed Assistant United States District Attorney. Bob and Ed. Rossi, B.S., A.B., respectively, are now putting on the market a new California product, “Moonmist”, made from the grapes of their Asti vineyards. ’ll Joe Giannini, A.B., of baseball fame at College, is now holding a responsible position with the Bank of Italy. '12 Another Alumnus who is at present occupied on the teaching staff of the College of Law, is Charlie Knights. His lecture work has certainly been splendid. Wensinger Mahoney, A.M., LL.B., has taken unto himself a wife. Joe Toohig, A.B., LL.B., has also made the matrimonial leap. Joe is now associated with the firm of Heller, Power and Ehrman. The Rev. Carl Dransfield is now stationed at St. Francis Church.76 TIIE IGN ATI AN Richard Queen, A.B., winner of a whole chest full of war decorations, could not see enough of Germany while the guns were going, so he returned to get a glimpse under favorable conditions. He recently appeared in our city wearing a classy suit of clothes which cost him in Germany exactly $2.75 in American coin. ’13 Jimmy Harrington, A.B., LL.B., who at one time starred as catcher on the College nine and who is now a prominent young attorney, was married on April 29th in St. Agnes Church. The bride was formerly Miss Cecily Wendell. Yin. Brown, A.B., LL.B., one of the men who made St. Ignatius prominent in baseball some years ago, is now connected with the State Housing Commission. Harold Caulfield, A.B., LL.B., a faithful Alumnus, has attained prominence in the Knights of Columbus and has also established himself as a very capable attorney. 14 Raymond Peely, A.M., LL.B., after two years of absence from San Francisco, which years he has spent at the Sacred Heart Novitiate at Los Gatos, recently sojourned in San Francisco at the Jesuit House for several weeks. Ray’s heart is always with St. Ignatius. He was and is one of Alma Mater’s staunchest and ablest advocates. 15 Peter J. McHugh, A.B., was recently married in Los Angeles, where he is located in business. Warren W. Brown, A.B., besides editing the sport news for the San Francisco Call, finds time to turn his “Burlesque Wheel”, to the great amusement of Call readers. ’16 John O’Gara, A.M., LL.D., and Joseph Parry, A.B., LL.D., who took their degrees of Doctor of Law in 1916, are able and popular members of the Law Faculty. Herman Van dcr Zee, A.B., after an absence of four years, has returned to College and is now a candidate for the LL.B. Degree. We hear that Virgil Vargas, LL.B., is in the race for the office of District Attorney at Ely, Nevada. ALUMNI 77 Robert Miller, LL.B., is the man that takes the “tax out of Taxi ’. He is President of the Black White Co. Lee Jacobson, LL.B., and Hugh Smith, LL.B., of the same class at College are still classmates in the practice of law in this city. Thomas Lennon, A.B., will soon receive his degree of M.I). from the University of California. He is President of the Associated Students in the Department of Medicine. Paul Ahern, C. E., has to his credit the completion of several big engineering tasks for the Standard Oil Co., in Honolulu. Thomas Foster, A.B., is an officer in the Army. '17 Chas. Wiseman, A.B., LL.B., writer of the famous “Letters of a Gob” to the Ignatian, is associated with the Law firm of Sullivan, Sullivan and Roche. Edmond J. Morrissy, A.B., M.D., and Stanley Burns, A.B., M.D., classmates at St. Ignatius; both received their degrees in medicine this year from University of California. Ivan Maroevich, A.B., LL.B., has announced his engagement to a young San Francisco girl. Ray Williamson, A.B., LL.B., not only practices law, but does quite a bit of practising on the cinder path. He is Athletic Manager and Official Athlete for Ignatian Council of the Y. M. I. Carolan Cronin, A.B., M.I)., recently graduated from the Medical School of St. Louis University. Gerald Kenny, LL.B., local exporter, is a candidate for the Assembly from a San Francisco District. Louis Borcllo, A.B., LL.B., is Assistant District Attorney of Marin County. Fred McDonald, A.B., LL.B., is a practising lawyer. Fred is also Secretary of the Alumni Association. ’19 Vincent Hallinan, A.B., LL.B., poet, patriot, and prac-78 THE TGXATIAX titioner is in the high gear to legal prominence. “Yin." will certainly make the grade. Jordan Martinelli A. B., is not only married, hut he is a strong contender for the office of District Attorney of Marin County. Melvin Cronin, A.B., LL.B., is at present engaged in the insurance business. Julius Lister, A.B., M.I)., will soon be back from St. Louis. IJe will return to San Francisco as “Doc” Lister. Darrell Daley, A. B., LL.B., still keeps his eagle eye open on Mel Cronin and Yin. Hallinan. Darrell is at present with the Flood Estate Co. ’20 J. Victor Clark, A.B., is at Georgetown University, engaged in the study of law. “Vic” represented St. Ignatius College at several important conferences, notable among which was the reception given to Marshal Foch during his stay at Washington. Edward Molkenbuhr, LL.B., one time basketball player, and now a young attorney, has been mortally wounded. . . by the darts of Cupid and has only lately announced his engagement to be married. Emil Larrecou, LLB., has also departed from the ranks of the bachelors. '21 Frank Murphy, LLB., is now a member of the law firm of O'Brien Murphy. Tis whispered that they are local Counsel for the Irish Free State. Edward Fitzpatrick, Frank Hughes, Howard Born, John Hughes, Thomas Halpin, Nicholas Mareovich, and William Sweigert who received their A.B. Degrees in 1021, are now shaking off the effects of four years of College. They are still dazed, hut like the rest of the hoys, will soon get their hearings.THE wheel of Time has just completed another evele. Another year has passed, and with its passing another class of hopeful young attorneys steps forth into the world with ambition and education urging them on to the accomplishment of great things. Their college work is ended; their life work is begun. This, briefly is the story of every graduating class. It is not all of the story, nor is it even the principal chapter, though by many it may be mistaken for both. The reason is that what people are most interested in is results. Graduation is a result—the result of study. To the public mind Commencement Day is the greatest, most important of all days spent at college. Why?—it is the first obvious result of education. But to the wise student, each day is as important as the next, and the one which is present is the most important of them all. The pages which precede the chapter of final accomplishment are the chronicles of toil and contain the HEAL story of a legal education. And now when we speak of these less colorful days we find in each an eloquent reminder of the staff of professors, to whose patience and kindness and almost paternal interest in their pupils is due the comparative smoothness of the long and arduous path that leads to the winning of a degree. Our faculty at St. Ignatius Law College is one of which we all can feel proud. It is only necessary to mention the names of the men who constitute the teaching staff to indicate their calibre both as attorneys and as teachers. Matt I. Sullivan, A.B., LL.B. Francis I. Barrett, A.B., LL.B. William A. Breen, A.M., LL.D.80 TIIE I(iS ATI AX Joseph A. Parry, A.M., LL.D. Charles P. Knights, A.B., LL.B. Benjamin I j. McKinley, A.M., LL.D. John J. O’Gara, A.M., LL.D. Maurice T. Dooling, Jr., A.B., J.D. Mr. Roinoald M. Soto, who was a member of the faculty at the time of our last issue, has since left us to be ably replaced by Mr. Maurice T. Dooling, Jr. The latter professor has demonstrated his ability as a teacher by the capable manner in which he has handled his classes since his advent to the college. It is to these men, then, that our outgoing class of young attorneys owe so much and to whom their debt will ever increase as success crowns their efforts in future years. The Ignatian therefore, in behalf not only of the graduates, but in behalf of all the students in St. Ignatius Law College, wishes herein to tender to the faculty their testimony of grateful appreciation, which in view of that faculty’s splendid work, is only an insignificant portion of its just due. Senior Law Notes “The End of the Trail.” This well known title will recall to the minds of many, the masterpiece of James Earl Fraser, the celebrated sculptor of Exposition days; but to us, the Senior Class of 1922, it means something more, it means that the goal, toward which we have so assidiously striven during these four long years, is within our reach. True it is that we still have a short space of diligent study and application, but this will pass all too quickly in our anticipation of graduation and the coveted degree. Both of these we earnestly desire and expect. Six of our number have already ventured forth and engaged in mortal combat with that deadly enemy of all aspiring barristers, the Bar Examination, and have emerged proudly, victorious and unscarred. All of which augurs well for the success of the entire Senior Class in their coming contests«• FOURTH HIGH. B. Turner. V. Distel. J. Hannon, P. McLean. B. Growney. M. Stark. H. Hamilton. A. O’Sullivan. J. Morrissy, P. Melvin. G. Citing, G. McGrorey. R. Dowd. J. Quinlan. V. O'Sullivan. K. Laujrhlin. N. McKinnon. N.» • ILA V SCHOOL NOTES 81 vi‘h • hiftmg uses and contingent remainders during the Faculty Examination. An article about the Class of ’22. even though it he for the purpose of bidding farewell would be incomplete if the writer neglected to mention its activities on Monday night during Moot Court. Who of us can forget “Maurie” Conklin (one of our six successful ones) on that momentous evening when as leading counsel for the plaintiff, he grandiloquently moved for a Nonsuit, much to the dismay and horror of our learned professor. Determined not to let “Maurie” possess all of the honors ‘1 Gene” ODonnell, having proclaimed himself an expert, who knew horseflesh from “A to Z” thereupon proceeded to testify that a three year old colt, which he had recently purchased, weighed 325 lbs. and ran a mile and a furlong in 78 seconds. So too, “Schmidy” with his adroitness in cross-examining witnesses, “if any”, will always be remembered. Nor can we forget those after-class sessions in the offices of 1 evy, Lipman and O’Donnell or Sullivan, Sullivan, Roche and Stockfcldt, with the gang seeing red in an endeavor to reconcile such legal phrases as “duces tecum” and “Little Joe” with the rule against perpetuities. Hut now that the Commencement Day is almost here, it is with the deepest feeling of regret and in all seriousness that we prepare to take our departure from the guiding influences of the College walls and bid a tender good-bye to our dear Alma Mater. In the days to come, when we are engaged in legal strife, through the haze of victory, we will be able to look back with fond memories upon the good times we enjoyed at St. Ignatius, and the tireless co-operation of our professors. Junior Law Notks Three years have come and gone. We are Juniors now. Let us hope that in a few months we will be no longer so. If to realize one’s own comparative ignorance be wisdom, then we are three times wiser than we were when Freshmen. For each succeeding year has come to us girded with an armor of new subjects, an armor, which though ultimately penetrated.82 THE I OX AT J Ay has often dangerously bent our mental steel and filled us with discouragement. But most of us have fought the good fight and hope to end this year with one more battle won. And as at the end of every eollege year, so now at the end of this one, there comes a flood of memories, memories of the kind that make of a eollege something greater than a mere institution of learning, memories which bind classmates into a veritable clan of lasting friendship, a elan whose chieftains are the men who gave their time and knowledge and patience that we might learn the law. Perhaps we are too modest; that would never do in a lawyer. But now when we pause to consider the personnel of the class we are confronted by such a galaxy of legal lights (none of them “ancient lights”) as to be completely dazzled. We find ourselves in a quandary. To mention them all would carry us far beyond our allotted space, whereas to devote our time to only a few might entail an apparently unjust omission of the others. To write or not to write—that is the question. Well—let’s write. First there is Robert White, our calm, impassive man of few words. He renders his opinions with all the serenity and quiet assurance of a judge. One more quality has “Bob” in common with a judge, for sometimes—S-s-sh—sometimes his decisions are reversed. Then there is Bill Sweigcrt, who, just when we think we are all clear of some tediously technical point, asks some such question as is calculated to make the rest of us feel that if the Supreme Court had only thought of THAT its line of decisions would undoubtedly have been different. Also among our number are those who have left the ranks of Bachclordom and have joined forces with the Benedicts. We speak now of the dauntless three, Delaney, Pieruccini and “Pep” Flynn, and we all join in wishing them prosperity and happiness. Out in the “No Man’s Land” that separates the two opposing factions there arc those who seem to be weighing—and not with altogether unprejudiced mind—the rela-LAW SCHOOL XOTES 83 five advantages of the two camps. “Clare(mont) ” Childress has seemingly been diligent not only in his studies, for we have it on good authority that it is due to his efforts in great part that the Key Route System has literally and figuratively been kept afloat. No—he doesn’t live across the bay, but we know from one too closely connected with ourselves to permit of our mentioning his name, that he has certainly developed an extraordinary taste for travel. Shall we go further? Ts it necessary to mention the blushing powers of “Who-said-that” Holcenberg? Shall we speak of the ability of “Little” Eddie Scott, to which ability the firm of Percy Towne most certainly owes a fair measure of its reputation and success? No—it is not necessary. These things are too well known by all of us to warrant a detailed description. These, then, are just a few of the many we could mention, and could we but pierce the veil that shuts the future, we feel that we would find connected with each of them a story of well-deserved and well-won legal prominence. Now, in closing it is only fitting that we extend to our instructors of the past year the thanks and the appreciation of a class that feels itself indebted in the greatest sense of the word to each and all of them, a class which hopes that next year it will be once again under their kind and learned tutelage, a class that hopes with fervor, but not so much of certainty, that next year all of its members will be SENIORS in St. Ignatius Law College. Sophomore Law Notes "With our six law subjects and our philosophy, to say nothing of the spirited debates conducted during the term, this has indeed been a busy year for the Sophs; yet it is with no little regret that we realize that it is at last drawing to a close. But although it has been a tough session, the burden has been greatly lightened by the helpful attitude of our professors, Messrs. Farrv, Knights and Dooling. The much-dreaded oral ex’s are drawing near, and the very84 T1IE IGX AT I AN mention of them to most of us causes a cold chill to run up and down our respective spines. We hope when we face the harrier that our interrogators will he imbued with a great amount of that quality which “droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven upon the place beneath."May they abide by the Golden Rule and ‘‘do unto others’’, etc. Getting your picture in the paper is usually quite a hard thing to do, especially when it is accompanied by what, in the vernacular, is generally known as a “write-up”; yet our distinguished athletic classmate, “Imp” Begley does not think so, for he was recently the subject of a full two-page discourse in one of our local daily sport-sheets. It was a well-deserved article, however, for whatever his standing in the legal court, we’ll say he’s a darb on the basketball court. The Sophomore Glass believes it has the honor of claiming as a member one of the future greats of the legal profession in the person of “Equity” Smith. Here is a young man who thinks nothing of taking issue with the decisions and rules laid down by some of the greatest authorities; and the funny part is that he usually gets by with his dissenting opinions, so well-founded are his objections. Whenever the professor wants to enlighten the Class on the intricacies of the position of a holder in due course, he invariably calls upon our bank-president Mr. Bean, who is an authority on the subject. Whenever Mr. Bean is not available, however, Meurice Swim, he of the radiant scarfs and the shrinking-violet disposition, is usually willing to oblige. The second-year men did not have much trouble in making up their income-tax report, for we had the benefit of the advice of one of the greatest experts on the subject in this neck of the woods, Frank Ford. Frank is being mentioned as being professor in this subject when the new Fifth Year of Law is instituted in this College. Judge Egan is a never-failing source of information on the Japanese immigration problem, but Harry Jacobson is constrained to differ with the Judge’sLAW SCHOOL XOTES 85 opinion that we will some (lav have a Japanese Chief of Police in San Francisco. Freshman Law Notes. Seventy in number, unbounded in enthusiasm, strong in hope, and with a vast and abysmal ignorance of Law, we embarked upon our legal career last August with the bright beacon of ambition leading us on. The largest class that ever entered the Law College, we were pleasantly told a few months later by our Professor that we were also the most refreshingly ignorant, but as we have been informed by the veterans who have preceded us that he told them the same thing, we were not unduly discouraged. As a result of our perseverance, now, with numbers slightly diminished, with enthusiasm notably weakening before the prospect of the annual exams, but with the hope that springs eternal combating the instinctive forebodings of our better judgment, and with a profound knowledge exceeded only by that of Judge Blackstone himself, we are nearing the end of the year. The cold winter nights when “Bride” Groom’s warm gauntlets were the envy of “Pascal” Taddiucei and the other more delicate members of the class; the warm evenings in spring when the fancies of McNamara and Kelly did not lightly turn to thoughts of “lands, tenements, and hereditaments;” the difficulties of reconciling the theoretic procedure laid down in the Criminal Text Book with methods actually practiced around the Ilall of Justice, difficulties which puzzled Cap Quinn and turned Pat Murray’s hair prematurely gray;—all were serious obstacles placed by nature in the way of our attainment to legal prominence; and if we may be permitted to say so, those thrown in our course in the shape of examinations by a kind but firm faculty were sometimes even worse. But the hard grind of imbibing, or at least of being exposed to. legal information was not, even to such weary commuters as Cotter and Hughes, without its lighter side. The cheery smile of Professor McKinley was always reflected in the facp86 THE IGNAT I AN of “Coffee Dan” Donovan, and the prospect of a duel, or at least a fistic encounter, between Senor (Battling) Ortega and Bob Fulton, who, like his prototype the mighty Willard, hails from Kansas, always furnished a thrill. The tardy entrance of the ever-present Gitterman never failed to cause a commotion, and the lusty response of the many-voiced Welton perplexed more than one of our esteemed professors. The more dignified element had its enjoyment also. Aaron Vinkler, “a wee bit o’ Scotch,” was always willing to furnish entertainment, and Con Deasy who reminds us, both in development of mind and of body, of Chief Justice Taft., was marvelously clever at extracting nickels from the sporting members of the class. Now that the trials and the joys of the year are almost over, and the welcome two months of vacation arc at hand, we await anxiously the night in August when Gerry Bourke’s white hat will once more illumine the shadowed campus, and the assemblage of varied brief-eases will troop down the long corridors for another year’s work; and the same hope, which suggested that we might be tolerated around the institution for the first ten months, now inspires us to believe that we may return clothed with the dignity of Sophomores.ORATORICAL CONTEST. ON February 21, at 8:30 P. M., the auditorium of St. Ignatius College was filled to capacity to attend the annual Oratorical Contest. And it was an oratorical contest in the strictest sense of the word. The subjects were the choice of the individual speakers and the representation entirely their own. The first speaker of the evening, Mr. Lawrence Courtney, Law, ’25, in “The Enemy Within”, eloquently portrayed the dangers this country is exposed to in godless education, disrespect for law and religion, and dwelling on the divorce evil, he showed how our boasted civilization, in that respect, at least, is but a name. Mr. Preston Devine, A. B., 25, explained the real meaning of the small college by contrast with the large university. With statistics and quotations from eminent educational authorities he plainly showed that the day is at hand when the small college will come into its own. “Entangling Alliances,” by Edward Keil, A. B., ’25, contained much information, splendidly developed, concerning the risks this country runs in interfering, even indirectly, with the quarrels of European peoples. James MacVean, A.B. ’24 in “Washington and Recent History” drew parallels not at all pleasing to the present-day vanity. “Woodrow Wilson—An Appreciation,” by John O’Brien, B.S. ’24, was an eloquent recital of the efforts of our ex-president in the trying times before, during and after the war. “Disarmament” was the subject chosen by Martin O’Brien, B.S. ’24. This speaker depicted the horrors which war always brings, and ended with a stirring appeal to hearken to the advice of our statesmen gathered in Washington that by88 THE IGSAT I AS the limitation of armament the possibility of future wars might be farther removed. George Devine, A.B. ’23, spoke feelingly of the great work of “Benedict XV” and the great loss sustained by all Christian nations by his death. The contest closed with an eloquent speech by Gerald O’Gara, A.B. ’23 on “Ireland’s Victory.” The winning oration of the evening was delivered by Martin O’Brien, while that of Preston Devine was adjudged to merit second place. The prize was a gold medal given by Ignatian Council No. 35, V. M. I. Honorable Daniel Dcasv, Judge of the Superior Court, Mr. Francis J. Mannix, Attorney at Law, and Mr. I). Albert McNulty, President of Ignatian Council acted as judges. McKinley Debate. This year the Senior PhHistorian Debating Society was absorbed into the regular curriculum and a complete reorganization was undertaken. The unprecedented success of this year’s debates was eloquent of the wisdom of this move. Our old friend Professor Benjamin E. McKinley of the Law School, again made his generous gift of a gold medal and on March 22, two teams from the Senior Philistorians competed for the prize. The question discussed was perhaps the livest question a St. Ignatius audience has listened to in many years. “Resolved that Vivisection and any and all forms of Animal Experimentation should be Prohibited by Law.” The audience showed their interest; some indeed even to the point of vociferousness, which called forth a courteous but firm rebuke from the chairman, Ym. T. Sweigert. The affirmative side of the question was upheld by Messrs. Martin H. O’Brien, Gerald J. O’Gara and George F. Devine, while Messrs. William A. O'Brien, J. Preston Devine and Edward I). Keil opposed the enactment of any Anti-Vivisection legislation. The negative was awarded the Faculty purse for the winning side, while J. Preston Devine won the McKinley GoldrXIVEIiSITY XOTES 89 Medal for the best individual speech of the evening. The winner scored and proved the case of the Negative when lie came forth with an avalanche of facts proving that Vivisection has been of inestimable benefit to science. The judges who rendered the decision were Messrs. Benjamin McKinley, Chauncey Tramutolo and John Riordan. They were sincere in their praise of the efforts of the debaters. Staxfokd-St. Ignatius Debate. St. Ignatius College again triumphed over Stanford University when the two institutions met for the third time in a dual debate on the evening of April 19th. At home St. Ignatius upheld the Affirmative side of the question “Resolved —that the proposed amendment to the State Constitution providing for a so-called Water and Power Act should be defeated.” On the same evening another St. Ignatius team defended the Act at Stanford. The home team, composed of Messrs. Martin O’Brien, William A. O'Brien and Preston J. Devine, were accorded the victory by the unanimous decision of the judges, Hon. Walter Perry Johnson, Hon. Jas. M. Trout and Hon. John F. Tyler. Stanford’s invaders were Messrs. Edwin Baum, Zeimer Hawkins and Emmett McCaft'ery, defending the Act. At Stanford, Messrs. Chas. F. Buggies, Edward I). Keil and Gerald J. O’Gara defeated Messrs. Webb, Brown and Gerson by a vote of two to one. This is the third time St. Ignatius College and Stanford University have met in an event of this kind and out of a total of eighteen votes cast, fifteen have been in our favor. -A RECORD WE MAY WELL BE PROUD OF! Pre-M kdical Lectures. The students of the Pre-Medical Department have been most fortunate this year in having the advantage of listening to some of the city’s leading doctors on subjects of the greatest interest to every prospective student of medicine.90 THE IGNATI AN ‘‘Physiology of the Digestive Tract '—Dr. Elmer W. Smith. “ Urology ”—Dr. Charles P. Mathe. “Topographical Anatomy’’—Dr. Francis Knorp. “Hygiene”—Dr. Richard Dowdell. “Hone and Skin Grafting”—Dr. James Eaves. “The Bones and Muscles”—Dr. Thos. J. Nolan. “The Nervous System”—Dr. Milton B. Lennon. “Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat”—Dr. F. J. S. Conlan. St. Ignatius Pre-Medical School has been in existence but a few years and the interest which the city’s leading medical men have shown in it argurs well for its success. The kindness of the doctors in coming to lecture at St. Ignatius is deeply appreciated by every member of the Faculty and the Student Body, who now look with confidence to greater things for the future. College Five AYe have had bands, orchestras and more bands at St. Ignatius, but never have we had an aggregation of symphon-ists of whom we could so proudly boast as the “College Five.” They have wakened our venerable halls to new life with their melodious strains. All the public functions of our College have been given a new zest by these talented young gents, and again and again they have proved their ability to take the dull edge off any evening. Air. Horace Dibert A.B. ’20, Marty O’Brien ’24, Johnnie O’Brien ’24, John Lenahan ’24 and Alan Popes ’25 are the dispensers de luxe of synco-symphony with a college education. High School Elocution Contest. According to venerable custom on March 14th., the students of St. Ignatius High School appeared in their annual Elocu-tion Contest. Elocution contests at St. Ignatius have always been a huge success, but the talent brought out on this evening was indeed remarkable.UNIVERSITY NOTES 91 The gold medal, the generous gift of Dr. J. Franklin Smith, was awarded to Maurice R. Growney of the Fourth Year High, who gave an almost faultless rendition of Thos. Daly's “I)a Bcsta Friend ’ The winner is to be congratulated on his well-earned success. The manner in which he handled the Italian dialect, the expression and the interpretation of this clever selection, plainly showed his familiarity with the art of elocution. Honorable mention was given to Frank A. McNamara and Thomas F. Brannan both of the Second Year High. Brannan gave a very dramatic interpretation of the “Miser Fitly Punished ’ McNamara’s rendition of the “Light From Over the Range," was a masterful expression of this beautifully simple story. , St. Ignatius may look forward with confidence to a brilliant crop of young Thespians in the near future. The decision was rendered by Dr. J. Franklin Smith, the donor of the medal, Charles P. Knights T5 and Rev. John A. McClorey, S. J., of the University of Detroit. J. P. D. S. Gold Medal Dedate True to its traditions of years past the Junior Philistorian Debating Society of the High School put on its annual gold medal debate in a fashion becoming the high standards maintained by that organization, the purpose of which is to develop oratorical ability among the preps. The question discussed was “Resolved—That the Emergency Immigration Restriction Law of May 19th, 1921 should become a matter of permanent Legislation in the United States.” Messrs. Daniel F. McSweeney ’22, Raymond I. Mc-Grorey, ’22 and Thomas Kerrigan ’23 spoke for the affirmative, while Messrs. Hubert J. Cavcney '22, John T. Rudden ’23 and P. II. McCarthy, Jr. ’23, opposed them on the negative side. The affirmative was awarded the decision and Raymond I. McGrorey won the first honors of the evening, the Gentleman ’s Sodality Gold Medal. Thomas Kerrigan was given honorable mention.92 THE I Cr SAT I AX The judges were C. Harold Caulfield, James C. Flannery and Eugene P. Jones. Mr. Edward I. Fitzpatrick 21 presided as chairman and paid high tribute to the work of the J. P. I). S. in his introductory remarks. He reminded the audience that it was upon the work of this organization that the College depends for its material to bring home victory in its inter-collegiate contests. Mr. John O'Connell, S. J., is to be congratulated on the success of the splendid organization of which he is Moderator. Cat-a-leap-tic Ray McGrath A cat was dozing on a sill, And mewing as cats sometimes will, When suddenly she gave a bound And landed paws first on the ground. ‘‘That cat is mad," 1 heard one say, “Or she would never act that way." “Not mad, but sick,” replied a wit; “She’s had a cat-a-leap-tic fit.” V COLLEGE ATHLETICS. ST. IGNATirS has always been noted for her ability in producing smooth running basketball machines. Universities up and down the coast have regarded our quintets as annual contenders for championship honors, and have exerted themselves in their struggles with our ever dangerous Varsities. This year’s team ably maintained our reputation and displayed the never-say-die fighting spirit that has always inspired our teams in the past. John J. Connolly, himself a former St. Ignatius luminary and demon sport writer was secured as coach and at once things began humming. John believed in an early start and so arranged a lengthy pre-season schedule to fit the men for their heavy intercollegiate games. These contests with various Bay-City clubs for opponents resulted in overwhelming victories for the Varsity. Coach Connolly, deeming that basketball should be introduced on a larger scale in San Francisco secured the court at Dreamland Rink for the intercollegiate encounters, and his efforts were well rewarded by generous crowds anxious to avail themselves of the large seating capacity. The veteran candidates remaining with the squad were Captain Joe Barry, Cronin, Boyle, Johnson, Larrecou, Begley, O’Neill and O’Brien, while the coach singled out Jim Needles, the famous Bob Don, McCormack, Glynn and Harper as the pick of the newcomers. St. Ignatius 21, California 47. With a throng of several hundred fans and enthusiastic rooters eager for the spectacle, the Varsity took the floor94 THE IGX AT I AN against the University of California in the opening contest of the intercollegiate schedule. It was very unfortunate that a team of such high-class calibre as the Bears should be drawn as our first opponents, as they were without question the strongest college five in Northern California this season. Johnson and McCormack at forward, Don at center with Boyle and Needles at guard, composed the St. Ignatius team ‘that first heard the referee’s whistle, and no one can gainsay the fact that they gave the Bruins a tough struggle for every point. The first half was particularly exciting, as the leadership seesawed back and forth and a few minutes before the end of half time the score stood 10 to 10. Here, however, the Varsity tired, due to unfamiliarity with the large Dreamland court, and the Bears spurted to a ten point lead. California kept up its fast pace during the second period, showing wonderful condition, accurate passing and fast floor work. These qualities coupled with phenomenal shooting by Talt, California forward, increased their lead, while the five man defense held down the St. Ignatius total. Despite the one-sided score it was a contest well worth watching and one that reflects credit on every participant. St. Ignatius 16, L. A. A. C. 38. Up from the ambitious city of Los Angeles trotted our traditional rivals, the Los Angeles Athletic Club. Like the stranger fresh from the creek there was revenge in their hearts, for they were bent on atoning for their defeat at our hands two years ago just when they were on their way to seek the national championship. They found our men still caught in the tentacles of a slump and for once made good an Angelin boast. However, they had no easy task in accomplishing their purpose and will continue to respect the ability and spirit of our warriors. The game was hard fought throughout and was featured by the teamwork of L. A. A. C. and the supreme efforts of the St. Ignatius guards. A specialty was furnishedATHLETICS 95 by Terry Boyle, the fiery Polish guard, who contributed his annual field goal. St. Ignatius 19, Santa Clara 35. The first of the yearly three-game series with Santa Clara took place a few days after the L. A. A. C. contest before another capacity house at Dreamland Rink. The Varsity was badly handicapped by an injury to Bob Don, our center, and so we were forced to meet our friendly enemies with a switched lineup. Mel. Cronin was sent from forward to center and “Dago” McCormack, the fast High School star was paired with Johnson at forward. Those who witnessed the battle and returned to their homes hoarse from cheering will testify as to the spirit and excitement of the encounter. The score at half-time was 12 to 12, demonstrating the closeness of the tussle. Most of the second half was characterized by a similar type of play, for it was not until the last few minutes that Mc-Glinchev, Santa Clara center turned the tide of battle by his spectacular dribbling and deadly shooting. All in all it was a hard game to lose, and it was worth going miles to see. St. Ignatius 31, Stanford 24. On January 21, the team journeyed down to the Farm to meet the much-praised Stanford Varsity. Dopesters predicted victory for the Cardinals due to our defeat at the hands of Santa Clara, who had been beaten by the Stanfordites. It was here that the men exhibited their courage by shaking off their jinx and forcing the Red Shirts to bite the dust. It was another of those nip and tuck affairs with rooters jumping to their feet with each turn of the ball. Mel. Cronin, the American representative of the I. R. A. had evidently been practicing in a strait-jacket, for he made some goals that would have been impossible for a freak contortionist. He capped his splendid acrobatic demonstration by lying on his back near the foul line and nonchalantly tossing a basket with one hand. It is honestly believed that this feat of Mel's discouraged theTHE I as ATI AN 90 Stanford men and made our victory possible. Coach Connolly agreed with all that it was “pinositivcly” wonderful. St. Ignatius 39, College of Pacific 21. Encouraged by the apparent transformation of the team on the Cardinal court, the Varsity vanquished the C. of P. in rather a handy fashion at the St. Ignatius court. The men displayed a confidence that gave tin team new life and they passed and dribbled at will around the bewildered Pacific men. To the San Joseans should be given the congratulations due a fighting team, for they admitted defeat at no time during the game and continually furnished stubborn opposition. The floor-work and shooting of “ Imp’’ Begley, captain-elect of the 1923 Varsity, and Mel. Cronin was not to be deterred, and hence the resulting score. St. Ignatius 30, St. Mary’s 19. With the momentum of past victories to speed them on the “Praying Connollys” rushed over another formidable rival, St. Mary’s College. The men showed perfect form in this game, and proved unquestionably that they had hit their stride. The huskies from Oakland found it impossible to stop the accurate pass-work of the Ignatians, and despite improved play in the latter part of the second period, were forced to succumb before concentrated attack. Johnson, Begley and Cronin starred, as is their custom, with five field goals apiece. St. Ignatius 23, Santa Clara 36. The second deciding tussle with the Missionites resulted in a repetition of the first, and once more we were forced to bow to the Mission. Santa Clara achieved its desire in evening up for her double downfall of last year, and earned a hard-fought victory. The contest was not quite as exciting as the former one, but it was rendered interesting by several occurrences worthy of mention. “Augie” Johnson found Caesar Manclli guarding him so closely that he imagined that Caesar was attempting to be-mm wasATHLETICS 97 come his Siamese Twin, so he politely helped him over his back during one of the Santa Clara rushes and Manelli made a swan-dive to the floor. It was taken good-naturedly, though, and no alarms were sounded. Captain Joe Barry astonished the multitude by a phenomenal shot from mid-court. Some one noticed Joe glance somewhere in the crowd for further inspiration, but alas, Joe could not duplicate. There was no remorse following the drubbing, except that it broke a consistent winning streak. However, as the team already showed, it takes more than one beating to dishearten them, and so vigorous training was resumed for the next combat. St. Ignatius 24, Nevada 19. On Feb. 14, the Varsity left for Reno to engage in a double-header with the University of Nevada. Due to the high altitude it is very seldom that a visiting team takes the measure of the sagehens, yet the Connollys did just that thing. It was a close game, to be sure, but a five point edge up there means considerable, and compliments are in order. “Imp” Begley played one of the greatest games of his career, and with Larrecou and Cronin ably assisting, clinced the contest. Bradshaw was Nevada’s high point man, the renowned football man amassing seven. St. Ignatius 21, Nevada 26. The following night the same quintet met in another close contest which resulted in a win for the Nevadans by a narrow margin. It was a game marked by fast play, and unusual stamina was manifested by the Ignatians, considering that they were unused to the rarified atmosphere. Boyle was forced out of the game when he nudged the floor with his head during the thick of the struggle. Terry was so badly hurt that he had to be carried from the floor. His loss was quite a blow to the team and this perhaps had much to do with our defeat.98 THE IGX ATI AX High School Athletics. Despite the fact that St. Ignatius was not represented on the Gridiron this year, the athletic outlook at the beginning of the Fall Term was an extremely bright one. Basketball, this year as in years past, was the principal sport, and the 100 lb., 110 lh. and 120 lb., teams were the mainstay of the school in the S. F. A. L. tournaments. At first it was undecided as to whether or not the 110s should be entered in the League, but due to the efforts of Coach St rick rot h, who volunteered to polish off the rough edges resulting from lack of experience, the team was entered. Promising as were these teams, the 120 lb. basketcrs, captained by the intrepid “Jeff.” Gaffney and composed of such veterans as Harry Wallis and Ray McGrorey from last year's crack 110 pounders, “Lefty” Partridge, guard of last year's 100, and “Bud” de Meyer, was the “best bet” of the season, and it fully justified the confidence placed in it by romping away with the title of the San Francisco Athletic League. Although it lost its first game of the season to “Commerce” by a few points, its remaining schedule was a list of glorious victories for the “Red and Blue”. It put away the boys from Mission High handily; scored two victories over “Poly”, and in its second game with “Commerce” wiped out its former defeat by a score of 30 to 20. The 100 lb. “Midgets”, although outclassed by “Lowell”, put up a splendid fight. “Dink” O'Brien, Brady, Cunningham, “Corky” Dolan and “Bevo” Beresford were the point-getters for Saint Ignatius. This team lost to “Commerce" and “Poly”, but regained its old form and ended the season with a victory over Galileo High School. “II kavy Weight Basketball. ’ ’ On the Senior S. F. A. L. tournament, St. Ignatius was represented by two teams, the 130 lb. and the “Unlimited”. The former faced a very hard season, being placed in the firstATHLETICS 99 division, composed of the best teams of their weight. In the preliminary games the 30s showed good form and defeated “Santa Clara” and “Poly.” Laughlin, Mackin, Walsh and McAuliffe starred. Olsen and Brennan were guards. The “Unlimited” composed of such experienced men as “Phil” Morrissey and “Scotchy” Hamilton, with “Goat” Turner and “Phil” Hannan as guards, lived up to expectations, successfully defeating Sacred Heart College, Cogswell and Mission High. Such has been the basketball season at St. Ignatius. The S. F. A. L. tournament has closed, and as has been the case every year, our High School made a fine showing. The 120 lb. title and the division championship in unlimited class arc ours. The latter is indeed noteworthy, for as far back as we can remember, St. Ignatius has not been represented by an unlimited team. Interclass Football. The Interclass Football game between the Seniors and an all-star aggregation, picked from the best material in the Junior, Sophomore, and Freshman classes, was won by the Seniors. It was an exciting game, and the spectators were enthusiastic. An excellent brand of football was displayed by both teams, and when the dust cleared away at the end of the last quarter, the score stood: Seniors, 13, All-Stars, 0. Captain Hannon, Olsen and Turner stood out among the winners, with Wagner, Kenny and Captain Strehl starring for the losers. Maurice Growney, the Heau Brummell of the Senior aggregation, played a great game besides giving the boys a treat by appearing in “Oxfords”. “Mawruss” maintained that he was unable to do his best in the game, because one of the Juniors had whipped cream on his mouth, and he took him for a mad dog. The Seniors again defeated the High School Stars in the second and final game, being returned victors by a 12—0 score. In a game with the College Eleven, the High School team upset all predictions by holding the “wonder team” to a score-100 THE IGNATI AH less tie. A return game was scheduled, but doubtful weather caused it to be indefinitely postponed. Interclass Basketball. Once more the Seniors successfully defended their title as “Champs’’ when they emerged from their recent game with the “Sophs” on the long end of a 26-20 score. “Lefty” Partridge and Frank Kirby played well for the losers, tying the score for the first half. In the second half the Seniors hit their stride, and ran up the six point lead. McKinnon and Laughlin made the points for the winners. Indoor Baseball. The famous old “Indoor Baseball League” of days gone by was active again this year. It recalled pleasant memories of past good times to the members of the higher classes. It was all new, however, to the “scrubs” and certainly it achieved its purpose, that of creating school spirit and interclass rivalry. The Brownie League. The Brownie League, founded by Mr. Oyarza, S. J. of happy and famous memory, functioned again this year. Neil McKinnon had charge. This league is the means of teaching the younger fellows the game and developing them for the weight teams. President’s Day. On Friday morning, April 28, when the last few wisps of fog had blown away, nearly a hundred spike-shod athletes gathered on the cinder paths of Golden Gate Park Stadium. It was the annual President’s Day Meet. This year the procedure was a departure from the ordinary, in that, interclass was excluded, and the tussle was between the High School and the College. The Relay Race gave the High School Department a 48-47 victory over their older competitors. The outcome was in doubt until Paul 0 ’Gara, a 120 lb. sprinter made up seven yards in his lap. After that the preps won without much difficulty, Skelly finishing fifteen yards ahead of O’Con-ATHLETICS 101 ncll, who ran for the College. O’Gara made ten points in the 120 lb. dashes, winning both races without trouble. Morton, of 2nd. A, checked up thirteen points in the 100 lb. competition gaining the highest points of the Junior division. Byron “Dud” Smith was the high point man of the day. Smith, a College Sophomore, captured the broad jump, shot put and low hurdles. Second honors went to Tom Mahoney, College Junior, who won the mile in a walk, and maintained a two yard lead over Hamilton in the 880 yard run. Buja, of the High School won the 330 yard dash, and Buggies of the College tied with Skelly for the high jump. All in all it was an exciting time as the amount of cheering encouragement gave testimony. It was probable that no records were broken, but we of the High School feel elated. True, we won by a narrow margin, but anyhow, we trimmed the College. A word of thanks to those who kindly consented to act as officials. Their work was splendid and their decisions just. Not the least of these was “Ed” Slater, the efficient announcer, whose sonorous voice and deep tones rivalled those of “Stentor” himself.MR. ADVERTISER Ray McGrath There is a merchant in our town, And he is wondrous wise; 'Whenever he has goods to sell He’ll straightway advertise; And when he finds his goods all gone, With all his might and main He hurries in another lot, To advertise again.I f104 THE I GNAT I AN Hours 9 to 5 Phone Garfield 964 Saturdays 9 to 1 and by Appointment Dr. Chas. B. Hobrecht OPTOMETRIST Modern scientific methods of diagnosing and correcting ocular errors and sequent ailments 804-5-6 Corner Howard Dnof Cf Grant Building fUol OU Avenue “BETTER OPTICAL SERVICE” In All Its Branches A D VERT IS EM EN TS 105 PHONE DOUGLAS 3540 Lake Tahoe Barber Shop Frank Schmitt Will be pleased to have you call 19 KEARNY STREET San Francisco Opp. the Chronicle SEGELKEN BROS. Leading Grocers Broderick St. at Fulton Phone West 6643 San Francisco Denver American Natl. Bank Bid . Foster Bldg. Oakland First Savings Bank Bldg. BROTHERTON, THOMAS COMPANY CERTIFIED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANTS BUSINESS COUNSELLORS SYSTEMATIZERS Reginald Thomas R. E. Brotherton Ben Morris100 THE IGNAT I AN QUALITY FIRST United States LAUNDRY Telephone MARKET 17 2 1 Finest Work on Shirts and CollarsA I) r EUTI8EMENTS 107 PHONE DOUGLAS 724 Iline Murphy Exclusive Millinery Salon “SALON FRAXCAIS” 376 SUTTER STREET ROOMS 43-49 Tel. Garfield 1731 Phone Douglas 3685 Genuine Buescher Saxophones Ivan N. Maroevich H. C. HANSON MUSIC HOUSE Attorney at Law Pianos, Phonographs, Records, Band and Orchestra Instruments Sheet Music 911 Humboldt Bank Bldg. San Francisco, Cal. 137 POWELL ST. San Francisco, Calif. Telephones Franklin 281'—282 Costello-Ritchie Co. Distributors of SAMSON, MILLER, GOODRICH, ERIE TIRES TRI-BAR BUMPERS, MONOGRAM OIL TIRE ACCESSORIES 898 Van Ness Ave. San Francisco108 THE I GNAT I AN Wo r t h’s WORTH SHEEHAN EBER 130 GRANT AVE. Service Our Hobby Students’ Clothes That will pass Examination Make the suit conform with the occasion, boys! Tweeds for school or business wear. Blue unfinished worsted cheviot or serge for semi-dress. Sports models for outings and general summer wear. Tuxedos for evenings. WORTH’S FOR TOPCOATSADVERTISEMENTS 100 Member Federal Reserve System and Associated Savings Banks of S. F. The San Francisco Savings and Loan Society (THE SAN FRANCISCO BANK) SAVINGS COMMERCIAL 526 California Street, San Francisco, Cal. MISSION BRANCH, Mission and 21st Streets PARK-PRESIDIO DISTRICT BRANCH. Clement St. and 7th Ave. HAIGHT STREET BRANCH. Haight and Belvedere Streets DECEMBER 31st. 1921 ASSETS......................................... $ 71.851.299.62 DEPOSITS.............................................. 68,201,299.62 CAPITAL ACTUALLY PAID UP - - 1,000,000.00 RESERVE AND CONTINGENT FUNDS - - - 2.650,000.00 EMPLOYEES’ PENSION FUND - - - 371,753.46 A Dividend of FOUR AND ONE-QUARTER (AVi) per cent per annum was declared for the six months ending December 31, 1921. Tel. Kearny 3977 Special Sunday Dinner $1.00 Merchants Lunch 40c AFTER THE SHOW Charles P. Knights Good Music and Entertainment Attorney at Law THE PALS GRILL ON ANNA LANE MILLS BUILDING Continental Hotel 129 Ellist St. San Francisco San Francisco JOE GILLIS - PROPRIETOR PHONE SUTTER 920 Cullinan Hickey ATTORNEYS AT LAW Room 860, Phelan Building SAN FRANCISCO —=■ 1 " ■ r110 THE 1 OX ATI AX • — ■ —»-» 4% ———— ——— i —— PHONE PARK 2555 Standard Fruit and Produce Company Wholesale and Retail Dealers 150 - 6th Street L. Ghirardelli To the Fellows of St. Ignatius— A New Clothes Shop for College Students J. J. Bush 6 S. J. Harris Formally of The Juvenile (Worth Bush) For Clothes With a Personality Now at Suite 354, St. Francis Hotel ASK------Jeff. Gaffney, Eustice Cullinan, Buggies for Information ------------------------------------------- »«- «♦ADVERTISE M EXTS 111 AUTOMOBILE FIRE EXPLOSION FIRE ASSOCIATION of PHILADELPHIA Carh Assets $16,485,049.00 Victory Insurance Co. of Philadelphia Philadelphia Underwriters Reliance Insurance Co. of Philadelphia F. M. AVERY, Manager CHAS. L. BARSOTTI, Asst. Manager Riot Civil Commotion Rent Use and Occupancy Expert Shoe Repairing Done While You Wait Mayerle’s Glasses RELIEVES EYE Sachs STRAIN « 18 Geary Near Kearny TAXI? Market 6000 WM. J. GALLAGHER CO.112 Til E I (IS ATI AN A Delicious Dessert Can be Prepared from ALBER S NEW PROCESS INSTANT TAPIOCA FOR SALE AT ALL GROCERS Write for Recipe FolderADVERTISEMENTS 113 . Fire, Earthquake, Automobile. Use and Occupancy, Riot and Civil Commotion, Explosion, Plate Glass, Fidelity and Surety Bonds INSURANCE The London Lancashire Insurance Company, Ltd. LONDON, Eng. Incorporated 1861 Orient Insurance Co., of Hartford, Conn. Incorporated 1867 Law Union Rock Insurance Co., Ltd. OF LONDON—Founded 1806 London Lancashire Indemnity Co., of America Organized Under the Laws of the State of New York—Inc. Jan., 1915 Pacific Department—332 Pine Street, San Francisco, Cal. GEO. ORMOND SMITH, Manager Phone Sutter 5039 A Good Place To Eat — Herbert’s C. Harold Caulfield Attorney and Counsellor at Law 664-666 MILLS BLDG. 159 POWELL San Francisco HEADQUARTERS FOR JAZZ SUITS L. SKOLL THE DRESS SUIT MAN Tuxedos and Dress Suits Rented and Sold 257 KEARNY St., Cor Bush Tel. Kearny 2280114 TIIE I OX ATI AX Combined Assets $31,259,737 North British Mercantile Insurance Co. The Commonwealth Insurance Co. of New York The Mercantile Insurance Co. of America The Pennsylvania Insurance Co. R. W. OSBORN. General Agent G. M. WARD, Asst. General Agent C. V. McCARTHY, Superintendent of Agencies 244 Pine Street San Francisco Telephone Market 951, 952, 953. New Process Laundry Company 385 EIGHTH STREET E. J. Corbett ADVERTISEMEXTS 115 TELEPHONE DOUGLAS 1551 Place the management of your property with W. B. McGerry Company, Inc. REAL ESTATE H. J. MALLEN, Manager LEASING, SELLING. INSURANCE RENTING AND COLLECTING 41 MONTGOMERY STREET SAN FRANCISCO LICK BUILDING DRINK Phone Market 8926 BOHEMIAN Zimmerlin Bros. Go. BEVERAGES AUTO SUPPLIES BOHEMIAN COCKTAIL and BICYCLES GOODYEAR TIRES SUPPLY CO. 435 MINNA ST. 24 Van Ness Avenue San Francisco 3190 Mission Street Make your day perfect Unsurpassed French Dinners $1.25 De Luxe $2.50 In || jtuj} Lunch 65 cts. Continuous Service a la Carte Dancing Accomodations For Parties ST. GERMAIN 60-66 ELLIS ST. 116 THE IGX ATI AX THE HOME INSURANCE COMPANY NEW YORK Organized in 1853 The Largest Fire Insurance Co. on the American Continent The Franklin Fire Insurance Company OF PHILADELPHIA Organized in 1828 An Old Established American Fire Insurance Company The City of New York Insurance Company OF NEW YORK Organized in 1905 FIRE AND ALLIED 1IHANCHES OF INSURANCE TRANSACTED Automobile ComnilMMlonM Farm Hall Rain Improved Rlnkn Marine Profit ReKlntered Mali WlndMtorm Rent Sprinkler I.enknjge Tourluta’ IlnictcnKP Cue and Occupancy RAY DECKER, General Agent PAUL A. NORMAND, CHAS. I. MAGILL, Assistant General Agents. 451 California Street, San Francisco Merchants Exchange Building PHONE KEARNY 853-854 Liberal Contracts of Indemnity, Fully Guaranteed by Funds Ample to Meet Without Delay Any Obligation. Prompt and Equitable Adjustment of Losses.ADVERTISEMENTS 117 ♦.i - — .» «.» —».♦ Joos! Brothers, Inc. Tel. Garfield 3374 1053 Market Street Vincent W.Hallinan Phone Market 891 Attorney and Counsellor at Law Builders’ Hardware Tools Exchange Block Athletic and 369 Pine Street Sporting Goods San Francisco, California ORGANIZED 1797 Norwich Union Fire Insurance Society, Ltd. PACIFIC DEPARTMENT 234-236 SANSOME STREET SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF. J. L. FULLER. Manager FRANK L. HUNTER. Ast. Manager FIRE MARINE CASUALTY118 TIIE I ax ATI AX — M • PACIFIC DEPARTMENT AMERICAN CENTRAL INSURANCE CO. ST. PAUL FIRE MARINE INSURANCE CO. THE ROYAL EXCHANGE ASSURANCE LONDON SCOTTISH ASSURANCE CORP., Ltd. LLOYDS PLATE GLASS INSURANCE CO. Fire, Automobile and Plate Glass Insurance B. GOODWIN, Manager 241 Sansome Street SAN FRANCISCO Henry Wong Him, M. D. PHYSICIAN and SURGEON 1268 0’Farrell Street San Francisco, California119 ADVERTISEMENTS Sacred Heart College FOUNDED 1872 ELLIS ANI) FRANKLIN STS. SAN FRANCISCO Conducted by the Christian Brothers Grammar. High School and Commercial Courses. Accredited to St. Mary’s College and the University of California Phone Franklin 3250 John D. Schultz Telephone Mission 3331 TAILOR Prof. Successor to Thomas Davis Co. Will be glad to have his Richard J. Doran, A. M„Ph,C. Chiropractor Brother Knights Hours By Appointment call at Room 303 Lincoln Bldg. 2624 Mission St., near 22nd Kelleher and Brown The Irish Tailors GOOD SUITS TO ORDER NOW $50.00 to $65.00 716 Market St. College Cut a Specialty120 THE IGX AT I AX Edward W. Brown Co. 51-53 Main Street, San Francisco WHOLESALE GROCERS’ and HOTEL SUPPLIES Purveyors to High Class Hotels and Eating Houses. Especial Attention given to Extra Quality Canned Foods packed expressly for discriminating buyers. Write for our monthly catalogue. PHONE KEARNY 1343—Three Trunk Lines, Private Exchange.ADVERTISEMENTS 121 St. Ignatius College San Francisco The college embraces the following departments: A—The Department of Letters, Science and Philosophy. • A course of four years leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science. B—The Department of Law. A course of four years leading to the degree of Bachelor of Laws. C—The Premedical Department. A course of three years in Chemistry, Bacteriology, Biology and Anatomy, preparatory to the study of Medicine. REV. PIUS L. MOORE, S. J., President The High School Department. A course of four years from the completion of standard grammar schools and preparatory to the College.122 TIIE IGNAT I AN Phone Douglas 3298 C. S. Rennie Berg Bros. Stenographic “Confectioners” Service 638 CLAY STREET Room 700, the Call Bldg. 74 New Montgomery St. Telephone Sutter 5020 Oxfords of Quality— Plus the assurance of correct style and greatest value. Sommer Kaufmann 119 Grant Ave. 838 Market St. PACIFIC 6966 ♦ BOLANDER Musical Instrument Min Dibert’s Co. COLLEGE Repair Saxophones ORCHESTRA And All Kinds of Instruments Chesterfield Music “It Satisfies’ :• V 54 Kearny Street " •ADVERTISEMENTS 123 DINE WITH US AT Chris’ Lunch Room 1898 Haight St. Near Stanyan Open All Night ■ ----- — »,♦ — _ 18 6 6 _ QUALITY QUANTITY 56th Year La Grande White’s Laundry Company OFFICE AND WORKS 250 Twelfth Street, San Francisco Between Howard and Folsom PHONE MARKET 916 ECONOMY DURABILITY — 1922 —124 TIIE IGS ATI AN Phone Kearny 5740 Jere F. Sullivan Theo. J. Roche Matt I. Sullivan SULLIVAN SULLIVAN AND THEO. J. ROCHE ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW Humboldt Bank Bldg.: Rooms 1109-1118—11th Floor 785 Market Street, near Fourth San Francisco Phone Prospect 1389 “The Club” Ginger Ale Don’t Forget DRINK “Orange Squeeze” THE CLUB THE NOBBY BOTTLING CO. When Buying INC. Frank M. Lind. Manager Your Togs Carbonated Beverages CYRIL S. HESS CO. 1327-1329 Chestnut Street 1630 HAIGHT STREET San Francisco, Cal. « Spend a Pleasant Evening and Meet Your College Chums at the Pall Mall Billiard Parlor 1568 Haight Street Soft DrinksADVERTISEMENTS 125 ... . - ART FLORAL CO., Inc. FLOWERS FOR ALL OCCASIONS 255 Powell Street, at Geary San Francisco, Cal. Decorators for St. Ignatius Church for Twenty Years Every Woman Adores Flowers The daintiness, the beauty. the grace, the fragrance of fresh flowers appeal irresistibly to women of every age and every station. A gift of flowers is always received with unalloyed pleasure. "As welcome as the flowers in May" is no mere poet’s ideal. If you want to please mother, wife, sister or sweetheart, send her some of the beautiful flowers she loves. We have them all. Flowers Delivered by Wire Anywhere. ... — —m FISHER CO. JET ANDREWS Hatters Since 1851 666 Market Street, opp. Palace Hotel See Our CLOTH and STRAW HATS and CAPS ALSO HOME INDUSTRY HATS Union Made in San Francisco For Information See MARTIE O’BRIEN ALSO SEE OUR NEW LINE IMPORTED TOP COATS126 THE 1GXATIAN Home Laundry Co. A Particular Laundry for Particular People Phone Market 130 Phone Market 9513 NEW GOLDEN GATE MARKET A. PODESTA, Prop. DEALER IN Fish and POULTRY 1641-43 Haight Street San Francisco ♦.» ■ ».♦ The T. C. Wohlbruck Co. Photographers 251 POST STREET San Francisco TOBIN TOBIN ATTORNEYS-AT-LAWADVERTISEMENTS 127 THE ORIGINAL CLUSTER RUFFS -----------5c------- Scalmanini Brothers DISTRIBUTORS 2078 Union Street Sold at St. Ignatius Store Phone Market 334 E. H. PAUL Piano, Baggage and Furniture MOVING 1740 Haight Street CITY AND COUNTRY128 THE I OX AT I AX The Connecticut Fire Insurance Co. of Hartford Westchester Fire Insurance Co. of New York Fire, Automobile, Riot and Civil Commotion PACIFIC DEPARTMENT DICK SIMPSON, Managers 369 Pine Street San FranciscoADVEirriSKUE.xrs 129 All things Musical Sherman,| lay Go Kearny and Sutter Sta.. S. F. Fourteenth ("lay St ., Oakland Sacramento. Stockton, Fresno, San Jose '« ■ — »'« John A. Lennon Wholesale Grocer Exporter and Importer CANDLES Teas All Grades SAX FRANCISCO FOTOGRAPHS We Specialize in College and School Pictures, Athletic Clubs. Teams, etc. The Very Best Work in the City The Johnson Studio The Cuts gracing this Journal were made by the Johnson Studio. Racine Tires Best on the Market E. Broderick GROCER Power Rubber Co. Stores: DISTRIBUTORS 717 FILLMORE STREET 670 TURK STREET AT VAN NESS SAN FRANCISCO and SAUSALITO130 THE I OX ATI AX World’s Leading Make HAVE SPECIAL FEATURES Ask our Sales Manager. Mr. A. R. Alexander, to demonstrate this wonderful Holton Saxophone and explain our latest Free Lesson Plan We are Sole Agents for the World Celebrated HOLTON BAM) INSTRUMENTS As well as other leading Makes of Musical Instruments California Band Instrument Co. 330 Sutter Street SAN FRANCISCO 575 - 14th Street OAKLAND K. V. N ZACHARIAH Catholic Art Store 338 St'TTKR STREET B. FEINBERG Ladies Tailor 2101 HAYES STREET Richard Spencer Dumbwaiters, Elevator 932 HEARST BLDG. Tel. Garfield 3374 Emile Larrecou Attorney and Coun ellor at Law EXCHANGE BLOCK 369 PINE STREET BILL LEESE with LIPPITS Clothiers 726 MARKET STREET Tel. Pacific 5871 SI. IGNATIUS CANDY STORE B. Pitts 2118 HAYES ST. William Bucholz Grocer 1998 HAYES ST.ADVERTISEMENTS 131 Raymond A. Luce Jas. B. Gaffney PHONE MARKET 437 Gaffney Luce Wholesale Jobbers in MEATS Butchers and Restaurants Supplied The Daylight Market 1031 Market St., Above 6th San Francisco Telephone West 1735 St. Rose’s Academy Pierce and Pine Streets SCHWARTZ GINGER ALE CO. 490 - 5th St. “Wholesale Only” (jood Printing Progressive Business Men everywhere now realize the value of “Good Printing” in the conduct of their business We do printing of the“BetterKind,” the kind that is sure to make an impression. Alex. Dulfer Printing Co. 560 Mission St., San Francisco Telephone Douglas 2377The Ignatian stands behind all its advertisers : : : Patronize them, and thus show your appreciation of our efforts and their assistance :::::::


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