University of Rochester - Interpres Yearbook (Rochester, NY)

 - Class of 1950

Page 9 of 148


University of Rochester - Interpres Yearbook (Rochester, NY) online yearbook collection, 1950 Edition, Page 9 of 148
Page 9 of 148

University of Rochester - Interpres Yearbook (Rochester, NY) online yearbook collection, 1950 Edition, Page 8
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Page 9 text:

should actually have been so significant a year. For it was in 1900 that Rush Rhees became the new president of the University, and the school entered upon the period of expansion that trans- formed it from a good local college into one of America's great institutions of learning. An indi- cation of Rochester's new status was offered at President Rhees' installation, present were the presidents of Colgate, Vassar, Hobart, Cornell, Saint Lawrence, Alfred, Columbia, Chicago, and Smith. Rally at the old Alumni Gymnasium In 1903 the University gained a new bene- factor-George Eastman, who gave 860,000 in that year for the laboratory, finished in 1906, which bears his name. In 1905 Andrew Carnegie gave 8100,000 for a science building, and in 1909 the Morgan Fund assured adequate education for women in the University. The story becomes one of continuous plant addition and endowment growth after this. A million dollars was given by john D. Rockefeller's General Education Board in 1912. Kendrick Hall, then used as a men's dorm, and the Art Gallery were built in 1913, the latter enlarged in 1926. Catharine Strong Hall was opened in 1914. America's entry into the World War brought 862 Rochester men into service, and a temporary halt on expansion, but the decade of the 1920's brought Rochester's final development into national significance. A "Victory Endowment Fund" drive in 1919 netted 8800,000 in six days. The Eastman School of Music, incorporated into the University in 1921, was joined by Eastman Theatre, seating 3,400, in 1922. Gifts of 85,000,000 from George Eastman, a like amount from the General Edu- cation Board, and 81,000,000 from Mrs. Gertrude Achilles and Mrs. Helen Strong Carter launched Rochester's medical school in 1925-from the first, one of the nation's finest. Early in the 1920's it became apparent that the Prince Street campus would not be able to absorb the rapidly growing men's and women's colleges. A movement to establish a new men's campus culminated in the purchase of the Oak Hill Golf Club for the new site. A ten-day drive for the raising of funds toward the financing of the new campus netted over seven and a half million dol- lars from 13,651 subscribers-another indication of the place the University had achieved in the life of the city of Rochester. George Eastman Eastman Theatre and School of Music On 21 May, 1927, ground was broken for the new River Campus. Three years later, on 10 October, 1930, the completed plant was dedicated. Boasting a brilliant faculty, an extremely able President, and one of the finest college plants in Strong Memorial Hospital in construction

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assured for her the sound financial position which has continued to this day. 1887 saw the addition of Reynolds Memorial Laboratory to the Prince Street campus. The fol- lowing year, because of ill health, President Anderson resigned. He consented to stay on until a new University head was selected, however, and in 1890 David Jayne Hill, 40-year old presi- dent of Bucknell University, and one of the most promising young American educators, became the second president of the University of Roch- Anderson Hall in the 1880's ester. The joy at the selection of the new president was tempered by the news of President Ander- son's death in February, 1890. President Hill had to deal with several problems upon his assumption of the presidency of the University. Arnerica's industrialization had brought a demand for a greater role for science in education, and to meet this President Hill in- stituted an extensive revision of the ciu'riculum into four major courses: Classical, Latin, Greek, and Scientiic. By 1894, more than two times the number of courses offered in 1887 were available. At this time agitation began for the admission of women into the University. Although nothing was done until 1900, President Hill touched upon this issue at the 1892 commencement: "We must consider . . . the question of the admission of young women to the university. Give us money, gentlemen, and we will take care of your daughters. There shall be no fraud or deceit about it .... Honor, truth, virtue, loyalty, and business methods will prevail." Still another issue, that Azariah Boody of Baptist sectarianism in the University, was settled by definite statements by Presi- dent Hill and members of the board of trus- tees, and since then the University has never been considered as anything but the leading educational institution of the city of Rochester as a whole. In 1891, the Biology laboratory on Prince Street was opened. At the 1893 World's Co- lumbian Exposition in Chicago the University pre- sented an exhibit which won several awards. In 1896, after six years of service, President Hill resigned, later to become Assistant Secretary of State of the United States. The years from 1896 to 1900 were dominated by the search for a new president. Professor Samuel A. Lattimore served as acting president from 1896-1898, and Professor Burton followed in a similar capacity for the remaining two years of the century, both doing excellent jobs. In 1899, the University Council, which eventu- ally evolved into today's Board of Control, was formed. Susan B. Anthony Early view of Sibley Hall and drive In 1900, women were first admitted to the Uni- versity. The semi-centennial celebration of the school was held during that year, featuring Assis- tant Secretary of State Hill, and Theodore Roose- velt, then Governor of the New York State, as speakers. It is remarkable that 1900, the half-way mark in the University of Rochester's first century,

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the country,Rochester played an important part in American edu- cation during the thir- ties. The Institute of Applied Optics, found- ed in 1928 and headed by Brian O'Brien, the Physics department with men such as Lee Du Bridge, the Engi- neering School, the History department-these were but a few of the University's divisions which gained a reputation for excellence. , George Eastman, who had played a tremendous part in the new growth of Rochester, died in March, 1932. Altogether, he gave the University nearly 40 million dollars, and established it as the school with the highest per capita endowment in the world. Dr. Rhees retired in 1935, and was succeeded Rush Rhees President 1900-34 Cutler Union, College for Women the following year by Alan Valentine, brilliant young Master of Yale's Pierson College. The same progressive, sound growth of the University continued under the new administration. Development in both Science and the Humani- ties continued in the late thirties. A cyclotron was added to the Physics department, and a unique system of Honors Seminars was introduced for certain Liberal Arts courses. More and more col- leges and universities took Rochester faculty members as their presidents: Wells, Purdue, Cal Tech, and Tufts are a few of the recent ones. The Second World War saw the University of Rochester make significant contributions to victory in the fields of Optics, Medicine, Physics, and Chemistry. In 1942 the School of Graduate Studies, which had been formed in 1937, was re- organized as The Graduate School. This soon led to Rochester's inclusion in the select Association of American Universities. Today, the University of Rochester is stronger than ever. Its importance as a scientific center has V, .,- N J cs, The Quadrangle, College for Men been immeasurably enhanced by the construc- tion of the new cyclotron, the second largest in the world. It has the respect of educational America, but it is not going to rest on its reputa- tion. Rochester is going forward, forward in the spirit of George Eastman's words: We are all set now to develop our university on the broadest lines and make it one of the outstanding universities of the country. By that I do not mean one of the largest, but one of the highest rank in all the fields which it has entered. N fl Lk . Q Sikh' 'f 1 QQ" u

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