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Page 10 text:
played an important
part in American edu-
cation during the thir-
ties. The Institute of
Applied Optics, found-
ed in 1928 and headed
by Brian O'Brien, the
with men such as Lee
Du Bridge, the Engi-
neering School, the History department-these
were but a few of the University's divisions which
gained a reputation for excellence. ,
George Eastman, who had played a tremendous
part in the new growth of Rochester, died in
March, 1932. Altogether, he gave the University
nearly 40 million dollars, and established it as the
school with the highest per capita endowment in
Dr. Rhees retired in 1935, and was succeeded
Cutler Union, College for Women
the following year by Alan Valentine, brilliant
young Master of Yale's Pierson College. The
same progressive, sound growth of the University
continued under the new administration.
Development in both Science and the Humani-
ties continued in the late thirties. A cyclotron was
added to the Physics department, and a unique
system of Honors Seminars was introduced for
certain Liberal Arts courses. More and more col-
leges and universities took Rochester faculty
members as their presidents: Wells, Purdue, Cal
Tech, and Tufts are a few of the recent ones.
The Second World War saw the University of
Rochester make significant contributions to
victory in the fields of Optics, Medicine, Physics,
and Chemistry. In 1942 the School of Graduate
Studies, which had been formed in 1937, was re-
organized as The Graduate School. This soon led
to Rochester's inclusion in the select Association
of American Universities.
Today, the University of Rochester is stronger
than ever. Its importance as a scientific center has
V, .,- N
The Quadrangle, College for Men
been immeasurably enhanced by the construc-
tion of the new cyclotron, the second largest in
the world. It has the respect of educational
America, but it is not going to rest on its reputa-
tion. Rochester is going forward, forward in the
spirit of George Eastman's words:
We are all set now to develop our university
on the broadest lines and make it one of the
outstanding universities of the country. By
that I do not mean one of the largest, but one
of the highest rank in all the fields which it
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Page 9 text:
should actually have been so significant a year.
For it was in 1900 that Rush Rhees became the
new president of the University, and the school
entered upon the period of expansion that trans-
formed it from a good local college into one of
America's great institutions of learning. An indi-
cation of Rochester's new status was offered at
President Rhees' installation, present were the
presidents of Colgate, Vassar, Hobart, Cornell,
Saint Lawrence, Alfred, Columbia, Chicago, and
Rally at the old Alumni Gymnasium
In 1903 the University gained a new bene-
factor-George Eastman, who gave 860,000 in
that year for the laboratory, finished in 1906,
which bears his name. In 1905 Andrew Carnegie
gave 8100,000 for a science building, and in 1909
the Morgan Fund assured adequate education
for women in the University.
The story becomes one of continuous plant
addition and endowment growth after this. A
million dollars was given by john D. Rockefeller's
General Education Board in 1912. Kendrick Hall,
then used as a men's dorm, and the Art Gallery
were built in 1913, the latter enlarged in 1926.
Catharine Strong Hall was opened in 1914.
America's entry into the World War brought
862 Rochester men into service, and a temporary
halt on expansion, but the decade of the 1920's
brought Rochester's final development into
A "Victory Endowment Fund" drive in 1919
netted 8800,000 in six days. The Eastman School
of Music, incorporated into the University in
1921, was joined by Eastman Theatre, seating
3,400, in 1922. Gifts of 85,000,000 from George
Eastman, a like amount from the General Edu-
cation Board, and 81,000,000 from Mrs. Gertrude
Achilles and Mrs. Helen Strong Carter launched
school in 1925-from
the first, one of the
Early in the 1920's
it became apparent
that the Prince Street
campus would not be
able to absorb the
rapidly growing men's
and women's colleges.
A movement to establish a new men's campus
culminated in the purchase of the Oak Hill Golf
Club for the new site. A ten-day drive for the
raising of funds toward the financing of the new
campus netted over seven and a half million dol-
lars from 13,651 subscribers-another indication
of the place the University had achieved in the
life of the city of Rochester.
Eastman Theatre and School of Music
On 21 May, 1927, ground was broken for the
new River Campus. Three years later, on 10
October, 1930, the completed plant was dedicated.
Boasting a brilliant faculty, an extremely able
President, and one of the finest college plants in
Strong Memorial Hospital in construction
Page 11 text:
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