University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine - Scope Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA)

 - Class of 1943

Page 1 of 176

 

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine - Scope Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1943 Edition, Cover
Cover



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Text from Pages 1 - 176 of the 1943 volume:

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IW U .-'Q' .1 Ii ,a.,.1:4U'fn 1 . fri, SY,-AYQ-4 In-,,,.1-- ,g: A 1 'we ' f ' 3 u , I I ., , - n .vm- 4 , Qj ,-L'-Pgl ffdusk Q-RU I KI . Lk:- j f, ?i3!3Ef?, '. n. ' ' - '- I J' 5 If! . - ,H1,,"w-' E2 .xy - l 'f 1 3 if ,gil .. f .JT A iw Ilespiee 'I'IIE UNIVERSITY IIE PENNSYLVANIA SEIIEIIL IIE MEDICINE presents 'nl' Al? ? . to i , I 3 With this, the 'SCOPE for 1943, we bring to a focus the development of the microscope from -l--- Leewenhoek's original model, through the 1765 ----l model used at the time of the School's founding, and the modern research binocular, to the 'SCOPE for 1943 and the years to come, the Electron microscope. The U. S. Army Medical Museum. NVashingron, D. C. Neg. Nos. 41932 :md H937 Bausch 9 Lomb Research Binocular Microscope The RCA Electron Microscope SCUPE for IQ43 i Till YEL li, 1943 BECAUSE three little men, physically and mentally warped and twisted, have sought the domination of the world, this year, 1943, finds the world behind the eight-ball of hatred and war. BECAUSE the decency and integrity of the human spirit have rebelled against such abasement and tyranny, this year, 1943, finds the peoples of the world aroused to do combat with an ever-increasing vigor and determination. BECAUSE the sinews of war are forged of steel and tempered with the blood and sweat of man, this year, 1943, finds men gleaning the waste places of the earth for steel and pouring out their blood and sweat in sacrificial streams. BECAUSE medicine must go on as life itself, this year, 1943, finds two classes in medicine at the University of Pennsyl- vania on the threshold of graduation, hence WE the classes of 1943, the first two such classes to graduate within the same year, have combined our class records into the single volume, the SCOPE for 1943. We, recognize our limitations in trying to chronicle so important a period in our lives and have stressed that single event which will most shape our lives in the years to follow, the War. We hope this volume will serve as a true, though, of necessity, limited history of our school years and will be a source of enjoyment in years to come. THE SCII0llL 0F MEDICINE SECTION SECTION SECTION SECTION SECTION I-Its II-Its III-Its IV-Its V -Its Heritage Clinical Years Preclinical Years Societies and Fratermtne Part in War TEE SEIIEEL AEE ITS EEEITAEE f'Xv Q .,, .I ,2 f' A Fi fi N W. 9 I -.N qs , fx v , K .Q - . - IX f QQ W lfffffxll ' "' ' EK A x ' f4.,N'Qi3 Q'x1W . 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K x -3 - .w ' fi :iff J 1 :L f X , 3 - K - 52' - .- 'N 2 mf if 1 ,,r ' 1, , 'Af' , L , 5 ,5.si:fI"" 1 -f Y 44- ff 6 K X w??1Yf3-"H 1 3 -X T h M Y ' 4: 2' - ' + dw- Q - l -1 W Q , ff u f W ,,. v -V3,, - :T xg1.z . , fs ' Z, : ff l' - .. f .... --. 46' :ff , 4 3,f'Q'migm .FQ . Q N if 'Y - ---L - . .1 .Nw Xwx Y- -, ' H: 1 -1 U, X - 5-1 f! ' 1 ' 'N"'M1'k 'Q A x iw 1 ' Th' -,-fs 12 -GNN --sw. 'fgffi a....x..... . . V ....1.a-L 4 A . fjfbiw, X- n - ' X "HE: we A - ' "- -.' 'HE' W. X A -- ,rv-, ,,,A..,,. .,.. ,WW , - --fem. 5 .K J' A 2' D IT lll TIHIY gg S THE first medical school in the English Colonies on the American continent, the University of Pennsylvania has cause to be proud, but pride would be a weak foundation if it rested only on a claim of priority." Thus did Dr. David Reisman, late Professor of the History of Medicine and Emeritus Professor of Clinical Medicine, open his account of the history of the School in the Bicentennial Edition of the SCOPE. Proud as we are of its long distinguished record, its contributions of the past to the world's medical knowledge, its past great figures of science, prouder still are we of the school as we know it today, of our own eminent faculty, and the work they are doing in the advancement of present medical endeavor. Never has the Medical School had better opportunity to prove its greatness than today and that advantage of this opportunity has been amply taken only the passage of time can show. To say that our School is a descendent of the 16th century Paduan school would be tracing its history back into the earliest days of clinical or bedside medical instrucf tion and would be a statement of fact in that the distinguishing feature of medical education at the University of Pennsylvania has always been regard for the patient, the bedside approach to the problem at hand. From Padua to the Low Countries, this new and somewhat revolutionary idea was carried by several intelligent Dutch- men to their native land where it was developed and nutured during the eighteenth century. Particularly at Leyden did it gain prestige and soon men from all over Europe came to the school there. Among them was a group of Scotchmen who on returning to Scotland established a medical school at Edinburgh in 1726, modelling it on their alma mater in Leyden. This new school soon became a mecca for English' speaking students from the British Isles and the Colonies. In 1760 john Morgan, a young Philadelphian and a member of the first class graduated from the College of Philadelphia, the school of which the University of Pennsylvania is the descendant, arrived in Edinburgh. While there he and William Shippen, jr., a student of john Hunter in London and subsequently a graduate of Edinburgh, discussed founding a medical school in the Colonies. On his return in 1765 Morgan lost no time in bringing his proposal for a medical college in Philadelphia before the Trustees of the College. His address on the subject, "Discourse upon the Institution of Medical Schools in America," was delivered in 1765 at the public commencement of the College, and because of its great force and eloquence, the proposal was immediately accepted. Morgan was appointed the first Professor of Medicine in the first medical school in this country. William Shippen, jr. was soon afterwards made Professor of Anatomy and Surgery. In 1768, Adam Kuhn was named Professor of Materia Medica and Botany, and in the same year, Benjamin Rush, an outstanding personality in the Colonies, was appointed Professor of Chemistry at the age of twenty three. Doctor Thomas Bond, founder and physician of the Pennsylvania Hospital, was elected Professor of Clinical Medicine, the first of the title in America. On June 21, 1768, the first commencement was held, at which the degree of bachelor of medicine, M.B., was conferred on ten graduates. Never before had an earned medical degree been awarded in this country. In 1789, the degree of Bachelor of Medicine was replaced by the M.D. degree. Finally, after a fifteen months' period during the Revolutionary War when the original charter was rescinded and a rival institution was founded, a union of the two schools was managed and in 1791 they became the University of Pennsylvania. For seventy-five years the school was without a peer in this country and in its halls walked and talked men who shaped the course of medicine in the United States for more than a century. Eight The first home of the Medical School was on Fifth Street above Walnut Street, only a few squares away from the Pennsylvania Hospital, founded in 1752. The second home of the School was at Ninth and Market Streets and the third at Ninth and Chestnut Streets. While at the latter location, the clinical facilities of the Philadelphia Almshouse, now Philadelphia General Hospital, were made available- for teaching purposes. The fourth location was in Logan Hall, now part of the College, at 36th and Woodland Avenue. Since 1904 the School has occupied the Medical Laboratories on Hamilton Walk. The move from the center of the city came in the early 187O's, when H. C. Wood, William F. Norris, and William Pepper decided the School should have its own hospital. After much effort by Dr. William Pepper, this move was accomplished and the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania was established. Many additions to the original buildings have been made since then, most recent of which have been the D. Hayes Agnew Pavilion and the Crothers Dulles Hospital, built during the past few years and dedicated to the service of the University but last year. Today the Hospital and the Medical School are housed in modern buildings with the latest laboratory and clinical facilities available for the education of the students and the care of its patients, who, as in the early Paduan and Flemish schools, are felt to provide the best opportunity for the learning of the science and art of medicine. To list the "first's" that distinguish our medical school would be an endless and perhaps meaningless occupation, but today as in the past century and a half, the School moves in the first rank of medical education. As our alumni enter the military services of our Nation, "Men and Medicine of Pennsylvania" are reaching the corners of the world as they have since 1765. ' 'af THE FIRST MEDICAL SCHOOL-1765-1806 Anatomical or Surgeons' Hall Fifth and Library Streets, above Walnut Nine "Other executives of less gigantic stature, in mind and soul as well as body, take pride in an efficient oihce routine, a clean desk and a bustling air of pseuddactivity. For twentyflive years the door to his office has been open and through it has passed professor, instructor, alumnus, or someone who has turned out to be a bore or nuisance, to be greeted with courtesy, sympathy, patience and wisdom, and a cloud of pipe smoke. I fancy that the pile of papers, letters, reports and advertisements of antique books on his desk has remained at about the same level for twentyffour years. It must have taken at least a year to accumulate the original foundation and it has defied the eH'orts of annihilation of wellfintentioned secretaries, the assistant and the charwomen. This "pile" has deep significance. No signed document ever emerges from his office in the white heat of passion but only after a proper period of seasoning in that "pile" on his desk or after a more rapid ripening by the experienced intellectual processes of a naturally pacific mind, That "pile" may have influenced his conversation for one retreats from his office before a barrage of impetuous half considered phrases. "The diamond of Dean Pepper's character has many facets. All of you know of his interest in medical history, the migration of birds and the gentle art of angling. Only a few of you know of his knowledge of anthropology, his resources as a practical naturalist, his love of true art, music, bibliography and his profound yet simple philosof phy of life and human nature. To few men is it given to lead such a useful, well' rounded, happy life and to influence so many with the example of the homely virtues of integrity, simplicity and innate friendliness." ADMI I llr. William Pepper A.B., M.D., Hon.Sc.D. Dean of the School of Medicine A.B., University of Pennsylvania, 18943 M.D., 1897g hon.Sc.D., 1932. Assistant Professor of Clinical Pathology, University . of Pennsylvania, 190848, Dean, School of Medicine, 1912 to date. Trustee of The Philadelphia Free Library. Member of The American Medical Association fCouncil on Medical Education and Hospitals, 1917f27l. Member of Association of Medical Colleges fPresident, 19201. Member of Philadelphia College of Physicians. Ten EDWARD S. THORPE on the 25th anniversary of Dr. Pepper's Tenure as Dean fFrom the 1937 Scopej TRATIVE s 5 6 Allred . llivharlls A.B., A.M., Ph.D., Sc.D., M.D., LL.D. VicefP1'esident in Charge of Medical Affairs In addition to being one of the foremost research men of the day, particularly in the held of kidney function, Dr. Richards acts as liaison ofhecr between the Medical School and the University. It is his duty to handle all those problems directly related to the Medical, Graduate Medical, Dental, and Vet' erinary Schools, Phipps Institute, Wistar Institute, and thc hospitals associated with the University FACULTY llr. Elizabeth liavdin Assistant to the Dean Since Dr. Edward S. Thorpe left the Dean's office for the hills of New Hampshire last year, the Assistant to the Dean has been Dr. Elizabeth Ravdin. As wife of Lieutenant Colonel I. S. Ravdin, Surgical Chief of the 20th General Hose pital Unit, now abroad, mother of a flrstfyear student, and physician in her own right, Dr. Ravdin has been eminently fitted for her position. As those who have discussed their particular problems with her know, she is a quiet, eiliciently capable Assistant to our Dean. Eleven WILLIAM H. F. ADDISON Professor of Histologv and Embryology B.A., Toronto, '02, M.B., '05, M.D., '17. Assistant in Biology, Toronto, 'O2f'04: Demonstrator of Histology and Embryology, Pennsylvania, '05f'1'.Z, Assistant Professor, '12"l9, Professor, '19 J. HAROLD AUSTIN Professor of Research Medicine B.S., Pennsylvania, '05, M.D., '08. Associate in Research Med' icine, Pennsylvania, '11f'14, As' sociate in Medicine, '12"l7g As' sistant Rockefeller Institute, '19' '20, Associate, '20-'Zh Professor of Research Medicine, Pennsylf vania, '22-. THE U IVER ITY 0F PENN HENRY C. BAZETT Professor of Physiology B.A., Oxford, M.B., B.Ch., '11, Radcliffe Traveling Fellow, '12' '14, M.A., '13, M.D., '19, L.R.C.P., '1l: Demonstrator of Physiology, St. Thomas Hos' pital, '1O"11g Fellow, Magdalen, Oxford, '12-'ZOQ Demonstrator of Pathology, '13f'15g Christo- pher Welch Lecturer of Clinical Physiology, '12-'21g Professor of Physiology, Pennsylvania, '21-. In National Service WILLIAMS B. CADWAL- ADER Retired Professor of Neurology Princeton, '98g M.D., Pennsylva- nia, '02, Assistant in Neurology, Pennsylvania, '02"21, Associate in Neurology and Neuropatholf ogy and later Assistant Professor of Neurology, '21"29, Professor of Neurology, '29-. FRANCIS HEED ADLER Professor of Ophthalmology A.B., Pennsylvania, '16, A.M., '18, M.D., '19. Instructor in Physiology, Pennsylvania, '22f '32, Instructor in Ophthalmol' ogy, '24f'36, Associate in Phys' iology, 12936, Professor of Ophthalmology, '36-. CARL BACHMAN Professor of Obstetrics A.B., -Pennsylvania, '17, M.D., '23, Fellow and Instructor in Obf stetrics, Pennsylvania, '25-'29g Visiting Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chulaflongl-rorn University, Siam, '29"32g Re' search Fellow in Biochemistry, Rockefeller Foundation, Leipzig, '32"33g Research Fellow in Bio' chemistry, McGill, '33f'35g As- sistant Professor of Obstetrics, Pennsylvania, '35"38, Professor, '38 ln National Service YLVA IA OSCAR V. BATSON Professor of Anatomy Graduate School of Medicine Assistant Professor of Otolaryngology A.B., Missouri, '16, A.M., '18: M.D., St. Louis, '20. Instructor of Anatomy, Wisconsin, '2O"21g Assistant Professor of Anatomy, Cincinnati, '21-'24, Associate Professor, '24'f'27, Professor, '27f'28g Professor of Anatomy, Graduate School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, '28-, Instructor of Otolaryngology, '36f'40, As- sociate, '409-425 Assistant Pro' fessor of Otolaryngology, '42-. EDWARD H. CAMPBELL Professor of Clinical Otolaryngology Pennsylvania, '15, M.D., '19. Instructor in Otolaryngology, Pennsylvania, '24f'29, Associate, '29f'35, Assistant Professor, '35' '39, Professor of Clinical Oto' laryngology, '39-. In National Service WALKER-"Takamini with great lack of foresight abolished bei-i-beri in the Japanese Navy." Twelve ELIOT R. CLARK Professor of Anatomy A.B., Yale, '03: M.D., Hopkins, '07, Assistant in Anatomy, Hop' kins, '07"08, Instructor, '08"11, Associate, 'l1"l4: Professor of Anatomy, Missouri, '14-'2Zg Pro' fessor of Anatomy, Georgia, 'ZZ' '26, Assistant Dean, '23-'25, Professor of Anatomy and Head of Department, Pennsylvania, '26-. A. BRUCE GILL Former Professor of Orthopedic Surgery A.B., Muskingum, '96: M.D.. Pennsylvania, '05. Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Pennsylva- nia, '20"42. ELDRIDGE L. ELIASON John Rhea Barton Professor of Surgery A.B., Yale, '01: M.D., Pennsyl- vania, '05: Sc.D., Vyfashington, '24. Assistant Instructor in Surgery, Pennsylvania, '01-'16, Instructor, '16"19, Associate, '19"23, Assistant Professor, '24- '25, Professor of Clinical Sur' gery, '26"35, Professor of Sur- gery, '36-. FRANCIS C. GRANT Professor of Neurological Surgery A.B., Harvard, '14g MD., Penn' sylvania, '19. Instructor in Sur' gery, Pennsylvania, '23"25, As' sociate, '26"28, Assistant Pro' fessor of Neurological Surgery, '28"37, Professor, '37-, Profes' sor of Clinical Neurosurgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, '35-. Slllllllllr 0F MlllllClll l'l' FACULTY ARTHUR P. HITCHENS George S. Pepper Professor of Public Health and Preventive Medicine NLD., Medico'Chirurgical, '98. Instructor of Pathology and Bac' teriology, Medico ' Chirurgical, '00"0lg Assistant Professor of Bacteriology, A r m y Medical School, '20"25, Chief of Divi' sion, '35"39g Lieutenant Col' onel, Medical Corps, '37-1 Pro' fessor of Public Health and Pre- ventive Medicine, Pennsylvania, '39- ROBERT H. IVY Professor of Maxillo'Facial Surgery D.D.S., Pennsylvania, 'O2,M.D., '07, Assistant Instructor in Surgery, Pennsylvania, '10-'15, Chief of Maxillo'Facial Surgery, '21-, Professor of Maxillo'Fa' cial Surgery, '37-. KARL M. HOUSER Professor of Otolaryngology Ph.B., Franklin and Marshall, '15, Hon.Sc.D., '37g M.D., Pennsylvania, '?.1,M.S., '26. As' sociate in Otolaryngology, Penn' sylvania, '24-'35, Assistant Pro' fessor, '35"4O, Professor, '40-. MERKEL H. JACOBS Professor of General Physiology A.B., Pennsylvania, '05, Ph.D., '08, Instructor in Zoology, Penn- sylvania, 'O9"13, Assistant Pro' fessor. '13"23, Professor of Gen- eral Physiology, '23-, Director of Marine Biological Laboratory, Viioods Hole, '26"37. MURPHY-"We're not here to tell you that-it's in the book." Thirteen RICHARD A. KERN Professor of Clinical Medicine A.B., Pennsylvania, '10, M.D., '14, Instructor in Medicine, Pennsylvania, 'l6f'21, Associate in Medicine, School of Medicine and Graduate School of Medi' cine '21"28, Assistant Professor, School of Medicine, 'Z8f'34, Professor of Clinical Medicine, '34 In National Service F. H. LEWY Visiting Professor of Neurophvsiology M.D., Berlin, '08. Instructor in Physiology, University of Bres' lau, '09f'1O, Director of Labor, '12f'14: Head of Department of Neurology, B e r l i n, '19"31g Clinic Professor of Neurology, '23, Director of Neurological Inf stitute, '31f'33g Visiting Profes' sor of Ncurophysiology, Penn- sylvania, '34s-. EDWARD B. KRUMBHAAR Professor of Pathology AB., Harvard, '04g M.D., Penn- sylvania, '08, Ph.D., '16. Inf structor in Medicine, Pennsylvaf nia, '12-'15, Associate, '15-'16, Assistant Professor, '16f'2O, As' sociate Professor of Pathology, Graduate School of Medicine, '?.0"?,7, Professor of Pathology, School of Medicine and Graduf ate School of Medicine, '17-. Editor, American Journal of Medical Sciences, '25-. ESMOND R. LONG Professor of Pathology A.B., Chicago, '11, Ph.D,, '19, M.D., Rush, '26. Trudeau Fel' low, Saranac Laboratory, '17f '18, '20, Assistant in Pathology, Chicago, '11f'13, Instructor in Pathology, '19f'21, Assistant Professor, '2lf'23, Associate Prof fessor, '23"?.8, Professor, 'ZS- '32, Professor of Pathology, Pennsylvania, '32--. Director of Phipps Institute, '35-. ln National Service THE llllllllill ITY llll PENN YLVA lil BALDUIN LUCKE Professor of Pathology M.D., MedicofChirurgical, '1?.: Dr,P.H., Pennsylvania, '16, Asf sistant Instructor of Pathology, Pennsylvania, '14"19, Instructor, 'l9f'2O. Assistant Professor, '20f '27, Associate Professor, '27f '32, Professor, '32-. In National Service T. GRIER MILLER Professor of Clinical Medicine A.B., North Carolina, '06, M.D., Pennsylvania, '11, Associate in Medicine, Pennsylvania, '16"'Z8, Assistant Professor, '28f'34, Pro- fessor of Clinical Medicine, '34-. Director Kinsey-Thomas Foundation, '37-. MORTON McCUTCI-IEON Professor of Pathology A.B., Pennsylvania, '10, M.D., '17. Instructor in Pathology, Pennsylvania, '19f'26, Assistant Professor, '26"34, Associate Pro' fessor, '34-'40, Professor, '40-. STUART MUDD Professor of Bacteriology B.S,, Princeton, '16: A.M., Washington fSt. Louisj, '18g M.D., Harvard, '20. Research Fellow, Harvard, '20f'23g Associf ate, Rockefeller Institute, 'ZS' '?.5: Assistant Professor of Ex- perimental Pathology, Pennsyl- vania, '25-'31, Associate Profes- sor of Bacteriology, '31-'34, Pro' fessor, '34-. PAYNE-"The adolescent period is characterized by the unscratchable itch." Fourteen CHARLES C. NORRIS Emeritus Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology M.D., Pennsylvania, '98. In' structor in Clinical Gynecology, Pennsylvania, '02"11, Assistant in Gynecological Pathology, '07' '21, Instructor in Gynecology, '11"21, Assistant Professor, 'ZZ' '27, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, '27"4'Z. O. H. PERRY PEPPER Professor of Medicine B.S., Pennsylvania, '05, M.D., '08, Assistant Professor of Med' icine, Pennsylvania, 'ZO"28, Pro' fessor of Clinical Medicine, '28' '34, Professor of Medicine, '34-. Assistant Chief of Medical Clin' ics, '28"37, Chief, '37-. Mem' ber of the National Board of Medical Examiners. UHO0L 0F MEDICI E IT I. S. RAVDIN George Leila Harrison Professor of Surgery B.S., Indiana, '16: M.D., Penn' sylvania, '18, Instructor in Sur' gery, Pennsylvania, '18"25, As' sociate in Surgery, '25"27, As' sistant Professor of Research Surgery, '27"29, J. Williani White Professor of Surgery, '29' '36, Harrison Professor of Sur' gery, '36-. In National Service HARRY P. SCHENCK Professor of Otolaryngology B.S., Harvard, '18, M.D.. Penn' sylvania, '23. Assistant Instruc' tor in Otolaryngology, Pennsyl' vania, '26"29, Instructor, '29' '34, Fellow in Research Allergy, '28, Assistant Professor of Oto' laryngology, '?14"3S, Associate Professor, '35"39, Professor, '39-. In National Service EUGENE P. PENDERGRASS Professor of Radiology North Carolina,'16g M.D., Penn' sylvania, '18. Assistant Profes' sor of Radiology, Graduate School of Medicine, Pennsylva' nia, '28"37, Professor, '37-. Professor of Radiology, School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, '36 ALEXANDER RANDALL Professor of Urology A.B., St. johns, 'OZQ MD., Hop' kins, 'O7. Assistant Instructor in Surgery, Pennsylvania, '1Z' '15, Assistant Instructor in Gen' ito'Urinary Diseases, 'l5"21, As' sociate in Genito'Urinary Sur' gery, '22"23, Assistant Professor of Surgery in charge of Urology, '23"'l6, Associate Professor, '26"29, Professor of Urology, '29-. FAU LTY ALFRED N. RICHARDS Professor of Pharmacology Vice'Presirlent in charge of Medical Affairs A.B., Yale, 97, A.M., '99: Ph.D., Columbia, '01g hon.Sc.D., Pennsylvania, '25, hon.M.D.,'3Z, hon.Sc.D., Western Reserve, '31, hon.Sc.D., Yale, '33, hon. LL.D., Edinburgh, '35, Assistant in Physiological Chemistry, Co' lumbia, '98"O2, Tutor, '02"04, Instructor in Pharmacology, '04- '08g Professor of Pharmacology, Northwestern, '08"10. Professor of Pharmacology, Pennsylvania, '10-. Vice'President in charge of Medical Affairs, '39-. CARL F. SCHMIDT Professor of Pharmacology A.B., Lebanon Valley, '14g M.D., Pennsylvania, '18. Instructor in Pharmacology, Pennsy1vania,'19' '22g Associate in Pharmacology, Peking Union Medical College, China, '22"24g Assistant Profes' sor of Pharmacology, Pennsylva' nia, '24"?.9, Associate Professor, '29"31, Professor, '31-. ROY G. WILLIAMS-"You purport to know why--but frequently, don't." Fifteen TRUMAN G. SCHNABEL Professor of Clinical Medicine A.B., Lehigh, '07g M.D., Penn- sylvania, '11, Instructor in Med- icine, Pennsylvania, '14-'21, As- sociate, '21-'29., Ashistant Pro- fessor, '29-'34, Associate Pro- fessor, '34-'40, Professor of Clin- ical Medicine, '40-. ISAAC STARR J R. Milton Bixler Hartzell Researcli Professor of Therapeutics B.S., Princeton, '16: M.D., Penn- sylvania, '20, Instructor in Phar- macology, Pennsylvania, '22- '28, Assistant Professor of Clin- ical Pharmacology, and Associ- ate in Medicine, '28-'33, Hartzell Professor of Research Therapeu- tics, '33--. THE UNIVER ITY 0F PENN Josavr-I sToKEs William H. Bennett Professor of .. Pediatrics .. A.B., Haverford, '16g M.D,, Pennsylvania, '20, Instructor in Pediatrics, Pennsylvania, '24-'28, Associate in Pediatrics and Act- ing Chairman of the Depart- ment, '28-'31, Assistant Profes- sor, '31-'36, Associate Professor, '36-'39, Bennett Professor of Pediatrics, '39+. GABRIEL TUCKER Professor of Broncl-nology and Esopliagology M.D., Jefferson, '05. Associate in Bronchoscopy and Esophago- scopy, Pennsylvania, '28-'29, As- sistant Professor, '29-'32, Clin- ical Profcssor, '32-'34, Professor of Clinical Bronchology and Esophagology, '34-'40, Professor, '40--. T. F. Mi-:NAIR SCOTT Research Professor of Pediatrics B.A., Cambridge, '23, M.A., '28, M.D., '38, Medical Registrar, St. Georges' Hospital, London, '28-'29g Research Fellow in Med- icine, Harvard, '30-'31g Instruc- tor in Pediatrics, Hopkins, '31- '34: Assistant in Pediatrics, Rockefeller Institute Hospital, '34-'38g Professor of Pediatrics, Temple, '38g Research Professor of Pediatrics, Pennsylvania, '39-. In National Service JOHN I-I. STOKES Professor of Cutaneous Medicine and Syphilology A.B., Michigan, '08, M.D., '12, Instructor in Anatomy, Mich- igan, '13, Instructor in Derma- tology and Syphilology, '14, In- structor in Dermatology and Syphilology, Illinois, '15-'16g Assistant Professor of Derma- tology and Syphilology, Minne- sota, '16-'19, Associate Profes- sor, '19-'21, Professor, '21-'24g Professor of Cutaneous Medicine and Syphilology, School of Med- icine and Graduate School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, '24-. YLVA lA EDWARD A. STRECKER Professor of Psychiatry A.B., LaSalle, '07, A.M., '11g M.D., Jefferson, '11g Sc.D., St. Josephs, '33. Professor of Psy- chiatry and Chairman of the De- partment, Pennsylvania, '31-. PHILIP F. WILLIAMS Professor of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology B.Ph., Lafayette, '05, M,D., Pennsylvania, '09, Instructor in Obstetrics, Pennsylvania, '14-'21, '22-'27, Associate in Obstetrics, '27-'30, Assistant Professor, '30- '40, Professor of Clinical Ob- stetrics and Gynecology, '40-. ELIASON-"Anybody can diagnose a typical case of anything." Sixteen D. WRIGHT WILSON Benjamin Rush Professor of Physiological Chemistry B.S., Grinnell, '10, M.S., Illinois, '12: Ph.D., Yale, '14, Assistant and Associate in Physiological Chemistry, Hopkins, '14"l7, As' sociate Professor, '17"2?.g Benja' min Rush Professor of Physiolog' ical Chemistry, Pennsylvania, '77 .. at. CHARLES C. WOLFERTH Professor of Clinical Medicine A.B., Princeton, '08, M.D., Pennsylvania, '12. Associate in Medicine, Pennsylvania, '20"27, Assistant Professor, '27"34, Pro' fessor of Clinical Medicine, '34 UHO0L UF MEDIUI E ITS OTTO MEYERHOF Research Professor of Physiological Chemistry M.D., Heidelberg, '095 LLD.. '27. Assistant Professor of Phys' iology, Kiel, '13, Associate Pro' fessor, '18: Professor of Physi' ology, Heidelberg, '29: Director of the Institute of Physiology, Kaiser Wilhelm Institute, '29g Research Professor of Physiolog' ical Chemistry, Pennsylvania, '40-. Awarded Nobel Prize, '77, WILLIAM C. STADIE Professor of Research Medicine B.S., New York, '07, M.D., Co' lumbia, 'l6. Associate, Rocke' feller Institute Hospital, '18"22: Assistant Professor of Medicine, Yale, '22"23: Assistant Profes' sor of Research Medicine, Penn' sylvania, '24"25, Associate Pro' fessor, '26"40, Professor, '40-. HERBERT FOX Professor of COMDUTMIVC Pathology M.D., Pennsylvania, 'OL Lee' turer in Medicine, Pennsylvania, 22926, Professor of Compara' tive Pathology, '27-. Dllfeqor of The William Pepper Clinical Laboratory, '28-. STRECKER- PAUL C. COLONNA Professor of Ortliopedic Surgery M.D., Hopkins '20, Staff of Hospital for Rupturcd and Crip' pled. "l3"37, Associate Ortho' pcdic Surgeon, Chief of Clinic '37g Associate Surgeon, Bellevue Hospital '37g Professor of Or' thopedic Surgery, Oklahoma '37"42: Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Pennsylvania '42-. Seventeen "Worse than that-he has a mother-in-law!" GEORGE WILSON Former Professor of Clinical Neurology M.D., Pennsylvania, '11, In' structor in Neurology, Pennsyl' vania, '1-4919, Assistant Instruc- tor in Medicine, '14-'21, Instruc' tor in Neurology and Neuropa' thology, '19"23, Instructor in Medicine, '21f'27, Associate in Neurology and Neuropathology, '1:3"26, Assistant Professor of Neurology, '26"29, Professor of Clinical Neurology, '29"4?.. HORATIO C. WOOD, JR. Professor of Pharmacology and Therapeutics M.D., Pennsylvania, '96g hon. Ph.M., Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, '35. Demonstrator of Pharmacodynamics, Pennsylva' nia, '98"O7, Associate Professor, '07"10, Professor of Pharmacol' ogy and Therapeutics, Medico' Chirurgical, '10"17: Professor of Pharmacology and Therapeu' tics, Pennsylvania '17-. Profes' sor of Pharmacy, Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, '20-. Division Committee U. S. Phar' macopeia, '10-. FAU LTY EARL D. BOND Professor of Psychiatry A.B., Harvard, '00, M.D., '08. Instructor in Neuropathology, Harvard, '12"l3: Professor in Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, '20-, Professor of Psychiatry, Penn- sylvania, '30-. Medical Direc- tor, The Institute for Mental Hygiene, '30-. FRED D. WEIDMAN Professor of Derrnatological Research M.D., Pennsylvania, '08. As' sistant Demonstrator of Pathol' ogy, Pennsylvania, '09"11, As' sistant Instructor, '11"13, In' strucicr, '13"1'7, Assistant Direc- tor of Dermatological Research, '17'23, Professor, '23-. RUDOLF HOBER Visiting Professor of Physiology M.D., Erlangen, Germany, '96. Assistant in Physiology, Zurick, '97g Professor of Physiology, Kiel, '09, Director of the Physi' ological Institute, '15g Visiting Professor of Physiology, Penn' sylvania, '34-. l l FACULTY WILLIAIVI QSLER ABBOTT, A.B., M.D. Assistant Professor of Medicine RICHARD G. ABELL, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Anatomy KENNETH E.. APPEL, Ph.D., M.D., Sc.D. Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, Chief O 1 f Cl nic HERMAN BEERMAN, A.B., M.D., Sc.D. Assistant Professor of Dermatology and Syphilology and Abbott Fellow in Chemotherapeutic Research FREDERICK BOERNER, V.M.D. Assistant Professor of Bacteriology FRED A. BOTHE, M.D. Associate in Surgery 'LEON H. COLLINS, JR., A.B., M.D. Associate in Medicine DALE R. COMAN, A.B., M.D., C.M. Associate in Pathology BERNARD I. COMROE, A.B., M.D. Associate in Medicine JULIUS H. COMROE, JR., A.B.,M.D. Assistant Professor of Pharmacology DAVID A. COOPER, B.S., M.D. Assistant Professor of Medicine JOHN D. CORBIT, M.D. Instructor in Obstetrics and Gynecology 'In National Service LOCKWOOD-"One of my old prof's used to say a probe is an instrument with a fool on one end and a patient on the other." Eighteen FACULTY 'JAMES E. COTTRELL, M.D. Associate in Medicine 'MARTIN P. CRANE, B.S., M.D. Instructor in Medicine ADOLPH J. CRESKOFF, A.B., M.D. Instructor in Medicine GEORGE S. DERENYI, M.D. Associate Professor of Anatomy DAVID L. DRABKIN, A.B., M.D. Associate Professor of Physiological Chemistry "PAUL R. DUMKE, A.B., M.D. Instructor in Pharmacology FRANCIS S. DUNNE, M.D. Associate in Obstetrics and Gynecology W. W.KLLACE DYER, A.B., M.D. Instructor in Medicine WILLIAM E. EHRICH, M.D. Associate in Pathology 'FKENDALL ELSOM, A.B., M.D. Associate in Medicine and Instructor in Clinical Pharmacology WILLIAM C. ELY, B.S., M.D. Associate in Obstetrics and Gynecology WILLIAM H. ERB, M.D. Associate in Surgery "'In National Service BACHMAN-"If a syphilitic baby comes to term, it will look like the spitting image of a little old man with a cold in his head." Nineteen FACULTY "'L. KRAEER FERGUSON, A.B., M.D. Assistant Professor of Surgery :PFERDINAND FETTER, B.S., M.B., M.D. Associate in Medicine HARRY FIELDS, B.S., M.D. Instructor in Obstetrics ancl Gynecology STHOMAS FITZ'HLlGH, JR, A.M., M.D. Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine HARRISON F. FLIPPIN, B.S., M.D. Associate in Medicine :KJAMES M. FLOOD, M.D. Instructor in Dermatology and Syphilology FNQJRMAN E. FREEMAN, M.D. Wi'lliam Wliite Assistant Professor of Surgical Research and Associate in Surgery WILFRED E. FRY, M.D., D.Sc. Assistant Professor of Oplitlialrnology SAMUEL GOLDSCHMIDT, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Physiology SAMUEL GURIN, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Physiological Cliemistry SAMUEL B. HADDEN, M.D. Assistant Professor of Neurology XP!-IILIP J. Homes, B.S., M.D. Associate in Radiology :Flu National Service ROY G. WILLIAMS-"Tl1e complicated way as utilized in the Anatomy text is of no use whatever." Twentv FACULTY MARY JANE HOGUE, Ph.D. Associate in Anatomy 'FGEORGE L. HOFFMAN, JR., M.D. Instructor in Obstetrics and Gynecology 'FHENRY U. HOPKINS, A.B., M.D. Associate in Medicine S. LEON ISRAEL, M.D. Instructor in Obstetrics and Gynecology "'JUL1AN JOHNSON, A.B., M.D., D.Sc. Associate in Surgery JAMES H. JONES, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Physiological Chemistry Louis KAPLAN, A.B., M.D. Associate in Surgery ROBERT A. KIMBROUGH, JR., A.B., M.D. Former Assistant Professor of Obstet- rics and Gynecology 'FPAUL O. KLINGENSMITH, M.D. Instructor in Obstetrics and Gynecology ALTON C. KURTZ, Ph.D. Former Instructor in Physiological Chemistry 'KPAUL R. LEBERMAN, M.D. Associate in Urology JOHN W. LENTZ, M.D. Instructor in Dermatology and Syphilology 'kln National Service JOHNSON-"Our experience with the resection has been very goody we've done three of them." Twentyeone FACULTY SIMON S. LEOPOLD, M.D. Assistant Professor of Medicine PCLARENCE S. LIVINGOOD, M.D. Instructor in Dermatology and Syphilology THOMAS H. LLEWELLYN, A.B., M.D. Associate in Obstetrics and Gynecology JOHN S. Locxwoon, M.D. Assistant Professor of Siirgical Research and Asso- ciate in Surgery. Acting Director of the Harrison Department for General Surgical Research XROBERT C. LOFGREN, M.D. Instructor in Dermatology and Syphilology FRANCES D. W. LUIQENS, A.B., M.D. Assistant Professor in Medicine and Director of the George S. Cox Medical Research Institute GRAYSON P. MCCOUCI-I, AB., M.D. Assistant Professor of Physiology XROBB MCDONALD, B.S., M.D., GM. Instructor in Ophthalmology iRIcH.sRD L. IVIASL.-XND, M.D., Associate in Neurology M. VALENTINE MILLER, B.S., M.D. Assistant Professor in Otolaryngology PI-IUGH MONTGOMERY, BS., M.D. Associate in Medicine and Instructor in Clinical Pharmacology STERLING W. MOORHEAD, A.B., M.D. Assistant Professor of Urology 'In National Service DUNNE-"You only use the term 'miscarriage' when you're asking a woman if she has had any abortions." Twentyltwo FACULTY HARRY E. IVIORTUN, Sc.D. Associate Professor of Bacteriology DOLTGLAS P. MURPHY, M.D. Assistant Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Research Associate, Gynecean Hospital Institute flour: PAUL NCURTH, A.B., M.D. Associate in Surgery JOSEF B. NYLIN, M.D. Associate in Pltysiofflierupy ABRAHAM ORNSTEEN, M.D. Assistant Professor of Neurology THEODORE E. ORR, BS., M.D. Associate in Orthopedic Surgery :"HARRY PARISER, M.D. Instructor in Dermatology and Syphilology FRANKLIN L. PAYNE, M.D. Vhlliam Goodel Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Acting Director, Gynecean Hospital Institute P. STARR PELoi1zE, M.D. Assistant Professor of Urology "D, SERQEANT PEPPER, M.D. Associate in Meclicine HEHORACE PETTIT, B.S., M.D. Assistant Instructor in Medicine "zDONAI.D W. PILLSBURY, M.D. Associate Professor of Dermatology and Sypltilology :ilu National Scrvicc JOHN H. STOKES--"A man with a creative geist can find himself in steppage gait, on his toes every moment, positively spastic with yearning, and ataxic from opportunity, these days." 'Twenty-tli ree FACULTY HERBERT L. RATCLIFFE, M.S., ScD. Assistant Professor of Comparative Pathology MARION H. REA, A.B., M.D. Instructor in Medicine JONATHAN RHOADS, A.B., M.D., D.Sc. Associate in Surgery and Surgical Research RUSSELL RICHARDSON, M.A., M.D. Assistant Professor of Medicine EDWARD ROSE, M.D. Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine 'HAROLD G. SCHEIE, A.B., M.D., D.Sc. Instructor in Ophthalmology "'LOUIS E. SILCOX, M.D. Instructor in Otolaryngology :FBENJAMIN F. SOUDERS, A.B., M.D. Instructor in Ophtlwlmology HENRY A. SPANGLER, M.D. Former Instructor in Anatomy LOUISE E. TAVS, M.D. Instructor in Dermatology and Syphilology IVAN B. TAYLOR, M.D. Former Associate in Surgery in charge of Anesthesiology CARMEN C. THOMAS, A.B., M.D. Instructor in Dermatology and Syphilology film National Service ELIASON-"An icebag is a great form of treatment, because it keeps the patient quiet trying to balance it on his belly." Twenty-four FACULTY 'LLOYD L. THOMPSON, JR., M.D. Former Instructor in Anatomy 'WESLEY D. THOMPSON, M.D. Instructor in Surgery EDWARD S. TI-IORPE, JR., B.S.,M.D. Former Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Assistant to the Dean 'l'ARTHUR M. WALKER, A.B., MD. Associate Professor of Pharmacology GEORGE L. WEINSTEIN, M.A., M.D. Instructor in Obstetrics and Gynecology ROY G. WILLIAMS, A.M., M.D. Associate Professor of Anatomy ELIZABETH D. WILSON, A.B., M.D. Instructor in Pathology 'FFRANCIS C. WOOD, A.B., M.D. Assistant Professor of Medicine APOLOGY We regret the necessity of using these few pictures of our Faculty when so many additions should be made, but many factors have prevented our presenting a more complete gallery of those to whom we owe so much. 'In National Service SCHNABEL-"Every physician should look upon every patient as he would upon a game of chess. A game, often complex, but possible of solution." 'Twenty-fue DEAN WILLIAM PEPPER WORLD WAR I-MAJOR PEPPER, M.C. TWE TY- FIVE YEAR M10 WILL endeavor to describe how the first World War affected the students in our Medical School. I recognize my limitations in so doing, because I was in the Dean's Office for three months while the school was in session. I went to camp in June, 1917, and was ordered back on inactive duty in April, 1918. I again went to camp early in Novem- ber, 1918, just before the Armistice and returned to my duties in the Dean's office about January 1, 1919. In December, 1916, the Secretary of War wrote to thc Deans of the various Medical Schools about the possibility of the introduction into the cur- icula of a course especially adapted to Medical Sanitary and Surgical training for the Army and Navy and asked that representatives from all the schools attend a meeting in Washington on January 6, 1917. On January 27, the Surgeon General informed us that Colonel Henry Page had been ordered to Philadelphia for the purpose of deliver' ing lectures on Military Medicine and Camp Sanif tation at our Medical School. Colonel Page had graduated from our School in 1894. Later he was to command the Medical Officers Training Camp at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, which was called Camp Greenleaf. It was to this camp that many of our Faculty went for a period of training. Colonel Page arranged a course of lectures in which some of our Faculty participated. War was declared on April 6, 1917, and the first registraf tion for men between 21 and 31 was on june 5, 1917, and the next registration for men who in the meantime had reached the age of 21 was on June 5, 1918. In August, 1917, it became possible for the stu' dents then in the School to enroll in the Medical Enlisted Reserve Corps. This corresponded some' what to the present Medical Administrative Corps in keeping the students in School and preventing them from being drafted. In October, 1918, the Medical Enlisted Reserve Corps men were transferred to the newly organized Students Army Training Corps and then began real military training. Line officers were ordered to the University. Some of the 2nd lieutenants of Infantry were young college students fresh from an Officers Training Camp, one of them a freshman from Cornell University seems to have particularly irritated the medical students, all of whom were older than he. Corporals and Sergeants were made and after a few days of intentional in' efliciency were broken, their successors following the same routine. Twenty-six The First and Second year classes in the Medical School comprised Company 10 and the Third and Fourth, Company 11. By the middle of October, the students were being inducted into thc Army and being measured for uniforms, were drilling and marching to mess in the old chocolate factory on Woodland Avenue below 33rd Street. The dormif tories were turned into barracks and the students were crowded into all available space. Great was the excitement when pay day came around. Not all the students, however, were in the Army service as about a half dozen students from the 'Third and Fourth year classes were in the Naval Reserves. In the early Fall of 1918, came the great inf fluenza epidemic to complicate matters further. Fourth Year Class work was suspended during October. An Emergency Hospital was started in the Delta Psi Fraternity house on Locust Street and medical students acted as nurses and orderlies. Fourth Year students were working all over the city, assisting doctors or even acting as physicians when they were not immediately available. Many students worked at the old MedicofChirurgical Hospital on the Parkway. Two of the class died while working in this way. A tablet commemorating their service and devotion is on the wall outside thc Laboratory of Bacteriology. On November 11, came the Armistice, but de- mobilization of the Students Army Training Corps did not begin until December 6, 1918, and then finally on December 18, all were discharged from the Army. Army clothes were worn, however, until February, 1919, when civilian clothes once more began to appear. As I look back on it, I believe the attempt through the Students Army Training Corps to give so much military training to medical students during their medical course was a failure. Eleven hours of drill a week interfered with class work and study. The crowded barracks in the dormitories with orders that all lights be out by 10 p.m., Guard duty, Sanitary corps duties, etc. interrupted serious attention to study. Fortunately, the end of all soldiering came soon and medical work could go on in an orderly fashion. WILLIAM PEPPER. Dean. Shadows of things to come? The Students' Army Training Corps in 1918 A l 1 , l 'Twcntyfseven Twenty-Five Years The Scores of a quarter of a century ago make interesting reading, particularly those parts that concern men whom we know today. In 1917 Morton McCutcheon and Thomas Mc' Millan fwith a mustachej were seniors. Of Dr. McCutcheon it was said, "He was given first place in the honor group of 1917. We are confident in his prognosis-a successful physician." And of Dr. McMillan: "'Tyom' is one of the best liked fellows in the class, even though he is tending to become 'robustf We'l1 always remember his 'Good mawr1in,' everybody. How ah youfall feelin' today?" The 1918 SCOPE also yielded various interesting side lights. Dr. Pendergrass was known as "Gene" or "Pendy" and it was said, "At first sight Pendy creates the impression of being a busy man. But on better aquaintance he waxes more friendly and sociable and he might even invite you to a game of checkers or something else exciting." Another graduate of that year was Dr. Ravdin. "That little fat boy, who answers to 'Ravie' is a holy terror when it comes to getting grades without working for them, but that is only one of his minor accomplishments, his chief accomplishment being with' the ladies. They strive for his favor like children for Castoria. His mere presence in the city enables the Bell Telephone Company to declare an extra dividend each year." Dr. Schmidt was on the SCOPE board and led the class and "there is no reason why Carl should not, as he lacks nothing but hair on the top of his head." Among those of the faculty listed in the SCOPES of that time as being on leave of absence in military service were: "William Pepper, assistant professor of clinical pathology and Dean of the Medical School, Edward Krumbhaar, assistant professor of research medicine and associate in medicine, J. Harold Austin, associate in medicineg Truman G. Schnabel, instructor in medicine, George Wilson, instructor in neurology and assistant instructor in medicine, Frederick Leavitt, instructor in Neurolf Ago OSYS Alexander Randall, assistant instructor in genito-urinary surgeryg Balduin Lucke, assistant instructor in Pathology, O. H. Perry Pepper, asso' ciate in medicine and in Research Surgeryg and Eldridge L. Eliason, instructor in Surgery." Dr. Kern was on a naval hospital ship, the U.S.S. Solace, and Dr. Richards was working on Shock at the British Army Medical Corps Laboratories. More information about the men in service was contained in the 1919 SCOPE than in the one for 1918. Dr. Eliason was one of the first to go, bidding the class farewell in his Major's uniform and ref turning in that of a Lieutenant Colonel. Lt. Col. john B. Carnett, writing from Base Hospital Number Twenty, described some of the activities in France. "Eliason is away as head of a surgical team. Their team is known as the 'Speed Team,' to whose care is entrusted all the very desperate patients, whose only chance for life is a short, swift, skilful operation. At their previous station Eli was surgical C. O., that is the surgeon in charge of all surgery done at that hospital. This team has made an excellent record in the Chateau Thierry, St. Mihiel and Argonne drives." "Randall left us long since to be a consultant to a division. Leavitt has been doing front line work in a Neurological Hospital. Williams-in civil life an obstetrician-missed his only chance at pracf ticing his civilian specialty by being away on leave when a report came in that a refugee girl had the 'grippe' and was waiting to see a doctor. Our dietitian went to investigate and was barely in time to oliiciate at the arrival of a nine pound baby." Of the Seniors in 1919 it was written that "Francis Heed Adler 'debilitated' between following Burr as a psychiatrist or his dad as a proctologist-a case of 'Heads or Tails,' but as for that and other things, give the boy time." Dr. Grant had also gained a certain renown among his classmates. "Chubby is an amateur pugilist of ability but the championship he holds lies in another field:-he is Twcntyrcight the best sleeper during lectures of any we can boast and that's saying a whole lot. He plays no favorites but picks out a prominent front row seat and there saws wood in class after class." Even then Dr. Reilly was sporting bow ties and "Jim for Apples? has demonstrated conclusively the delectability of cigars as a daily food." During the last twenty-five years many changes have occurred here at the medical school and at the hospital. In 1918 the new wing of the medical building had not been built and Maloney Clinic was not even a blue print. So-cadavers were dis' sected on the fourth floor of the Hare Building at the corner of Thirtyfsixth and Spruce Streets, medical students broke beakers and heated Kjeldahl flasks in Chemistry on the first three floors of that building. Dr. Schmidt, Dr. Ravdin and the rest of their class learned the characteristics of Coryne' bacterium diphtheriae and of Vibrio cholerae in the Laboratory of Hygiene Know the Laboratory of Public Health and Preventive Medicinej, not in the present medical school buildings. Strangest of all, to us, perhaps, would be the absence of the library at the head of the steps. That room simply did not exist in 1918. In its place were two large amphitheaters-lecture rooms A and B occupying two floors as do C and D today. Between the two amphitheaters on the main floor was a hall with lockers on either side. When the new wing was added to the medical school in 1928, the two rooms were sealed over and the library moved from its scanty quarters on the west side of the second floor to its present location. Pepper Laboratory, a three story, red brick, ivy' covered building, occupied the site where Maloney Clinic now stands. It was here that Dr. William Pepper, Dean of the Medical School and Assistant Professor of Clinical Pathology, held his classes. The "lawn" in front of the lab was carefully en' closed by a fence and "mowed" by one Billy Was- sermann, a very wooly sheep who grazed contentedly in his private pen. Aside from the zoologic inf terest of a sheep living on Spruce Street, Billy was the source of the sheep red corpuscles for the Wassermann tests requested by the doctors of the University Hospital. The roster for 1918 is strikingly similar to that of today. Of course, it was incorporated into the catalog instead of being handed out as a single sheet of paper on registration day, but the fourth, and also the third, year schedules required, even in those days, a superfintellect or extreme patience to disentangle and decipher them. The seniors each had a number to determine in which trimester group he belonged and after that it was a case of following that number through many and sundry schedules that looked surprisingly like ours. As for the Juniors, they had Medical Dispensary fMedical O.P.D. to usj in the afternoon instead of the morning, thus missing fewer lunches than we did, and they didn't go to Phipps at all. The struggle with Physiology was put off until second year and Bacteriology appeared on the iirst year roster. Fourth year obstetrical service was at South' eastern Dispensary, an old home on South Tenth Street which, through the intervention of Dr. Barton Cooke Hirst, had been transformed into an obstetrical "O.P.D." The 1918 Scope gives a vivid description of this service. "Situated as it is among the poor of Philadelphia, 'where the spirochetes are thicker than the dicky birds in the spring time,' it affords a haven whither the dusky amazons from the valley of the Kongo and mothers of prospective Italian warriors flock for examination and the assurance of subsequent treatment. There is no fee for the service of 'doctors' from the South' eastern Dispensary other than the registration fee of twentyffive cents, if the patient can resist the temptation to give the attending student carfare. Carfare, however, is of very little use to the student as those South Philadelphia cars never run after midnight, except in the direction opposite to the one desired. The patients usually prefer to show their appreciation for the service rendered by having 'Il Dottore' sample the many wines and cordials, which are as much a part of the Italian home as are the marriage certificate, the baby and the garlic. This, moreover, is no small task for there are as many kinds as there are operations for the retrofdisplaced uterus, vis '57'." Such are the "facts" gleaned from SCOPES of years gone by and these brief glimpses into yesterday have given us a youthful, rollicking picture of the men whom we, today, respect as teachers, as great doctors and as friends. E. RUTH Balsirwirsaa, Class of April, 1943. 'fwcntyfnine CLINICAL YEARS EDWARD A. STRECKBR, M.D Professor of Psycl1iat1'y EDWARD A TREUKER, M. ll. HILADELPHIA may well be proud of Edward Strecker. As a native son, he was reared and educated in the schools of the city, awarded a degree in medicine by Jefferson Medical School in 1911 and turned out to carry on for himself. Today, thirtyftwo years later, one sees the rewards of his diligence. His fame as a psychiatrist is unsurpassed-he is an authority in his field, his contributions to it are. numerous. Realizing the need of first establishing psychiatry before teaching it, he has pioneered in this work until today, the study of mental illness occupies an important place in almost every medical curriculum. Psychiatry, through his efforts has become a living as well as a theoretical science. By his contributions to the literature and his lectures, he has helped bring organization into a field rampant with confusion. His energy and enthusiasm for therapy have contributed greatly to the opening up of this new Held. However, ours is not the task of lauding his many achievements. Those who know him much better-his colleagues, recognizing the potent influence which he possesses and his great ability in organization have recently elected him President of the American Psychiatric Association. An even greater honor was paid him in his appointment as chairman of the Psychiatric Division of the Research Council by the Surgeon General of the United States Army. Our association with Dr. Edward Strecker has been a more personal one. To us he has been the Professor of Psychiatry-truly a masterful teacher, eloquent in address, and explicit in representation. His greatest delight lies in the art of teaching-setting the stage for the spectacular with its lasting impressions, His "paretics" perform as if their parts were rehearsed, while the narrator creates the verbal climax. His desire for clarity of thought has led him to adopt a precise and concise manner of speech. As far back as 1911, he proved his love of oratory when he delivered the class oration at his medical school commencement exercises. In the presence of this teacher, one cannot help feeling the reality of the field of psychiatry. In private life, Dr. Strecker dislikes noise and excitement. The greater part of his time he spends with his work, but always manages to read all the latest mystery thrillers. He has no particular hobbies, but thoroughly dislikes card playing, traveling and New York. His likes are typically "Philade1phian"-his goal, the advancement of psychiatry. To Edward A. Strerker, M.D., first in his chosen held, first with the classes of 1943, we dedicate this Clinical Section l 5 J HEP The Fourth Year HUGH LOUIS ALLEN SHEFFIELD, PA, Westmivister College, B.S. Phi Rho Sigma, Deaver Surgical Society ARMY HAMOT HOSPITAL ERIE, PA. GERALD HARRIS AMSTERDAM PHILADELPHIA, PA. University of Pennsylvania, AB. Phi Delta Epsilon ARMY JENVISH HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA JAMES THOMAS ANDERSON BEAVER, PA. Washi1Igton and Jefferson, AB. Nu Sigma Nu . ARMY .ALLEGHENY GENERAL HOSPITAL PITTSBURGH, PA. WILLIAM JAMES ATKINSON, JR MOBILE, ALA. Amherst College, A.B. Nu Sigma Nu, U. M. A. ARMY PHILADELPHIA GENERAL HOSPITAL KENNETH PAUL BACHMAN ALLENTOWN, PA. Muhlenberg College, B,S. NAVY lf. S. NAVAL HOSPITAL BETHESDA, MII. JOHN HOLEMAN BAILEY, JR. MEADVILLE, PA. Allegheny College, A.B. ARMY ROBERT PACKER HOSPITAL SAYRE, PA HAROLD GRANT BARKER SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH University of Utali, A.B. Phi Beta Pi, Picrsol Anatomical Society ARMY UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. LEROY THEODORE BARNES PHILADELPHIA, PA. University of Pennsylvania, A.B. Alpha Omega Alpha ARMY HARLEM HOSPITAL NEW YORK CITY, N. Y. OSCAR EUGENE BAUM PHILADELPHIA, PA, University of Pevmsylvania, A,B. Phi Delta Epsilon ARMY PHILADELPHIA GENERAL HOSPITAL I-IERMAN SAMUEL BELMONT PHILADELPHIA, PA. Uviiversity of P67111SylL'd11ld, A.B. Phi Delta Epsilon, Alpha Omega Alpha ARMY UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA WILLIAM FELTWELL BEYER PUNXSUTAWNEY, PA. Pe1msylva11ia. State College, A.B. Alpha Kappa Kappa, Hirst Ohstetrical Society Agnew Surgical Society ARMY PRESDYTIZRIAN HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. BRUNO LOUIS BONUCCI STAR JUNCTION. PA. Pennsylvawiia State College, B.S. ARMY WESTERN PENNA, HOSPITAL PlTTSBl'RC-H, PA EDWIN GLADSTONE BOVILL, JR. DETROIT, MICH. Dartmouth College, A.B. Phi Chi, Alpha Omega Alpha ARMY l,'NlV1:RSITY HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. JOSEPH AUGUSTINE BRADY BRIDGEPORT, PA. St. joseplfs College, B.S. NAVY MONTGOMERY HOSPITAL NORRISTOVVN, PA 0 EDNA RUTH BREITWIESER E. STROLIDSBLIRG, PA. Pen-nsyluailia State College, B.S. WoInen's Medical Society I'NIvI2RsITY HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. JAMES TAYLOR BROOKS GREENSBORO, N. C. University of North Carolina, A.B. Phi Chi, Piersol Anatomical Society ARMY ABINUTON MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, ABINGTON, PA SWITHIN CHANDLER, JR. PAOLI, PA. University of Pennsylvania, A.B. ARMY CIIESTER COUNTY HOSPITAL, CHESTER. PA. JESSE PUGH CHAPMAN, JR. SELMA, ALA. University of Alabama, A.B. Phi Chi ARMY GRADY HOSPITAL ATLANTA, GEORGIA 0 IRVIN LEWIS CHIPMAN, JR. WILMINGTON, DEL. Dartmouth College, A.B. Alpha Kappa Kappa NAVY U. S. NAVAL HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. ROBERT BRUNO CHODOS LANCASTER, PA. Franklin and Marslzall College, B.S. Phi Delta Epsilon, Alpha Omega Alpha NAVY U. S. NAVAL HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA FRANK CLINE, JR. AUBLIRN, NEBRASKA Dartmouth College, A.B. Alpha Kappa Kappa NAVY PHILADELPHIA GENERAL HOSPITAL RELVERT JEWELL COE NEW HAVEN, CONN. Tale University, B.S, Phi Delta Epsilon, Alpha Omega Alpha ARMY MT. SINAI HOSPITAL NEW YORK CITY, N, Y. MILES OWEN COLWELL, JR. VAN1JERkiRIf'T, PA. Pennsylvania State College, B.S. Alpha Kappa Kappa, Hirst Obstctrical Society ARMY PRIESBYTERIAN HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. ALFRED SIDNEY CONSTON PHILADELPHIA, PA. University of Pennsylvania, A.B. Phi Delta Epsilon ARMY JFXVISH HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. JOSEPH WRIGHT COOK, JR. REDLANDS, CALIF. Stanford University, A.B. Nu Sigma Nu, Agnew Surgical Society NAVY SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY CHARITY HOSPITAL CALIFORNIA GAINES LASSABE COOKE CCJFFEEVILLE, MISS. University of Mississippi, A.B. Phi Chi, Piersol Anatomical Society ARMY GEISINGER MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, DANVILLE, PA BERNARD LOUIS COPPOLO WEEIJVILLE, PA. Colgate Univeifsity, A.B. Phi Rho Sigma, Deaver Surgical Society ARMY MERCY HOSPITAL PITTSBURGH, PA. GEORGE WESLEY CORBIN, JR. DURHAM, N. C. Wake Forest College, B.S. ARMY Phi Chi GRADUATE HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA EDWARD LILLO CRAIN, JR. HOLTSTON, TEXAS Princeton University, A.B. Nu Sigma Nu, Agnew Surgical Society NAVY ROOSEVELT HOSPITAL NEW YORK CITY, N. Y. PHILIP DOUGLAS CRONEMILLER BELLEIJONTE, PA. Juniata College, B.S. Phi Rho Sigma, Hirst Obstetrical Society NAVY Lf. S. NAVAL HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA DAVID LLOYD CROWELL PHILADELPHIA, PA, University of Pemisyluania, A.B. Phi Delta Epsilon ARMY PHILADELPHIA GENERAL HOSPITAL EVERETT WATSON CZERNY WESTFIELD, N. I. Dartmouth College, A.B. Alpha Kappa Kappa, Alpha Omega Alpha NAVY PHILADELPHIA GENERAL HOSPITAL CHARLES CLAYTON DAHLBERG SEATTLE, WASH. University of Washingtovr, B.S. Phi Chi ARMY KING COUNTY HOSPITAL SEATTLE, wAsH. RICHARD HOWARD DEMAREE ASBLVRY PARK, N. J. Princeton University, A.B. ARMY MONMOUTH MEMORIAL HOSPITAL LONG BRANCH, N. O FRANKLIN ROBERT DOWNEY ELIZABETH, N. J. Princeton UTliUCTSlfj'. A.B. Alpha Mu Pi Omega, Pepper Medical Society ARMY PHILADELPHIA GENERAL HOSPITAL EVERETTE JACKSON DUNNING LINDEN, ALA. University of Alabama, A.B. Phi Chi NAVY UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, II. KATHARINE WISTAR EVANS GERMANTOWN, PA. Vassar College. A.B. WOHICIIQS Medical Society PHILADELPHIA GENERAL HOSPITAL WILLIAM HENRY EYSTER, JR. . LEWIEEURG, PA. Bucknell U11IliC7Sifj', B.S. Phi Chi NAVY GEISINGLR MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, DANVILLIE, I' GUERRANT H. FERGUSON, JR. RALEIGH, N. C. Wake Forest College, B.S. Phi Chi ARMY NORTH CAROLINA BAPTIST HOSPITAL XVINSTONGALEM, N. C. ROBERT JOSEPH FLEMING MORGANTOWN, W. VA. West Virginia University, A.B., B.S. Phi Chi ARMY OHIO ,l -X 'X VALLEY HOSPITAL XVHEELING, XV. VA GUS EVANS FORBES, JR. GREENVILLE, N. C. University of North Carolina, A.B. Phi Chi ARMY MIIDICAL COLLEGE OF VIRGINIA, RICHMOND, VA. FRANCES CAROLINE FRANK ELIZABETH, N. I. Wheaton College KMassJ A.B. WOmen's Medical Society PHILADELPHIA GENERAL HOSPITAL CARL LEWIS GAMBA WILLIALISPORT, PA. University of Alabama, A.B. Phi Beta Pi, Piersol Anatomical Society ARMY WILLIAMSPORT HOSPITAL WILLIAMSPORT, PA. AUGUSTIN THOMAS GIORDANO PHILADELPHIA, PA. Villanova College, B.S. Alpha Omega Alpha, U. M. A. ARMY PHILADELPHIA GENERAL HOSPITAL WALTER JUSTIS GLENN, JR. FAIRMONT, W. VA. West Virginia University, B.S. Phi Beta Pi ARMY OHIO VALLEY GENERAL HOSPITAL WHEELING, W. VA. CHESTER HOWARD GOLDING, JR WAPPINGERS FALLS, N. Y. Brown University, A.B. Phi Chi, Deaver Surgical Society, U. M. A ARMY PRESBYTERIAN HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA RUFUS CONAN GOODWIN OKLAHOMA CITY, OKLA. Stanford University, A.B. Alpha Kappa Kappa ARMY PRESBYTERIAN HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. VIRGINIA PALMER GRAHA WILLIINGTON, DEL. University of Delaware, A.B. VJomen's Medical Society, U. M. A., S. B. PHILADELPHIA GENERAL HOSPITAL M E ALFRED GREGORY GREEN TRENTON, N. J. Rutgers University, B.S. Phi Beta Pi, Piersol Anatomical Society NAVY ll S. NAVAL HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. PEN ROD GRAHAM HEPFER SEATTLE, WASH. University of Washingtovz, B.S. Phi Chi ARMY KING COUNTY HOSPITAL SEATTLE, NVASH 0 BLAINE ZOOK HIBBARD KANsAs CITY, Mo. University of Kansas, A.B, Nu Sigma Nu, Pepper Medical Society. Agnew Surgical Society ARMY KANSAS CITY GENERAL HOSPITAL, MO. GEORGE BERNARD HOBACH NORRISTOW'N, PA. Franklin and Marshall College, B.S. ARMY MONTGOMERY HOSPITAL NORRISTOXYN, PA. JOHN PHILIP HOBACH NORRISTOWN, PA. Franklin and Marshall College, B.S. ARMY MONTGOMERY HOSPITAL NORRISTOVJN, PA. COLIN BAKER HOLMAN SEATTLE, WYASH. Dartmouth College, A.B. Nu Sigma Nu, Agnew Surgical Society, Pepper Medical Society ARMY KING COUNTY HOSPITAL SEATTLE, WASII. JULIUS AMMONS HOWELL THOMASVILLE, N. C. XVake Forest College, B.S.. LLB. Phi Chi ARMY ' VNIVERSITY HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. JACK HUGHES TABOR CITY, N. C. University of North Carolina. A.B. NAVY MEDICAL COLLEGE OE VIRGINIA RICHMOND, VA. ROBERT BRUCE HUNTER SEDRO'WOOLLEY, WASH. University of Waslzingtun, B.S. Nu Sigma Nu, Agnew Surgical Society ARMY BUFFALO GENERAL HOSPITAL BUFFALO, N. Y. MERWIN RAY ACKSON VERLIILLION, S. DAR. University of South Dakota, B.S. ARMY LOUIS JAFFE PHILADELPHIA, PA. University' of Pennsylvmzia, A.B. ARMY WIVVJISII HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. RALPH JONES, JR. PARKERSEIIRG, W. VA. XVest Virginia Universitgg A.B. Phi Chi, Picrsol Anatomical Society Alpha Omega Alpha, U. M. A. ARMY UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA WILLIAM JACK JONES Puovo, UTAH University of Utah, B.S. Phi Beta Pi, Piersol Anatomical Society ARMY VNIVERSITY HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. PAUL HENRY KANDRA ROXBOROLZGH, PHILADELPHIA U71f1l6YSIZ1X' of Pennsylvania, A.B. ARMY MUHLENBERG HOSPITAL PLAINFIELD, N. J LYNWOOD VINCENT KELLER READING, PA, Lafayette College, AB. Phi Rho Sigma, Hirst Obstctrical Society ARMY READING GENERAL HOSPITAL READING, PA. EDWARD HAROLD KENNERDELL TARENTUM, PA. Pennsylvania State College, B.S. Alpha Kappa Kappa, Hirst Obst. Soc., U, M. A ARMY ALLEGHENY GENERAL HOSPITAL PITTSBURGH, PA STEWART BRUCE KEPHART READING, PA. Bucknell University, B.S. Phi Beta Pi, Piersol Anatomical Society ARyIY PRESBYTERIAN HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. WALTER STRATTON KERR, JR. COHASSET, MASS. Harvard University, A.B. Alpha Nu Pi Omega, Agnew Surgical Society ARMY MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL BOSTON THEODORE ALFRED KOERNER GATESVILLE. TEXAS University of Texas, B.A. University of Wisconsiii. M.A. Phi Beta Pi, Piersol Anatomical Society, U. M. A. ARMY UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. KENNETH PATRICK LAMBERT KOTZTOWN, PA. Muhlenberg College, B.S. Phi Rho Sigma, Hirst Obstetrical Society ARMY ALLENTONNN GENERAL HOSPITAL ALLENTOVVN, PA. CHRISTIAN JAMES LAMBERTSEN SCOTCH PLAINS. N. I. Rutgers University, B.S. Alpha Kappa Kappa, Alpha Omega Alphii, Pepper Medical Society, U. M. A., S. B. E. R. ARMY ITNIVERSITY HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. HORACE THOMAS LAVELY, JR. HARMONSEURG, PA. Allegheny College, A.B. Piersol Anatomical Society ARMY ROBERT PACKER HOSPITAL SAYRE, PA SAMUEL SIMON LEITER PHILADELPHIA, PA. University of Alabama, A.B., M.A. NAVY U. NAVAL HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA, ROBERT VICKERY LEWIS PAWTUCIQET, R. I. Brown University, A.B. Alpha Mu Pi Omega RHODE ISLAND HOSPITAL PROVIDENCE, R. I ELIZABETH SARAH LIN SON CHARLESTOWN, W. VA. Stetson University, B.S. Women's Medical Society QUEENS GENERAL HOSPITAL JAMAICA, N. Y. WM. TOLIVER LIVINGSTON, II NATCHEZ, Miss. Swarthmore College, A.B. Phi Beta Pi, Piersol Anatomical Society ARMY DELAWARE HOSPITAL WILMINGTON, DEL MEHRAN WILBERT LOOLOIAN STEVJARTSVILLE, N. J. Maryville College, A.B. Phi Rho Sigma, Hirst Obstetrical Society NAVY ORANGE MEMORIAL HOSPITAL ORANGE, N. J. STANLEY H. LORBER PHILADELPHIA, PA. University of Pennsylvania, A.B. Phi Delta Epsilon ARMY UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA, WILLIAM EDWARD LOWE MIAMI, FLORIDA University of Pennsylvania, A.B. Nu Sigma Nu ARMY ARINOTON MEMORIAL HOSPITAL ARINOTON, PA. WILLIAM WALKER McCUNE MCKEESPORT, PA. Haverford College, B.S. Alpha Mu Pi Omega, Pepper Medical Society NAVY ALLEGHENY GENERAL HOSPITAL, PITTSBURGH, PA. JOSEPH LEO McGAHN ATLANTIC CITY, N. I. Mount St. Marys College, B.S. Alpha Kappa Kappa, Pepper Med. Soc., I. F. C. ARMY ATLANTIC CITY HOSPITAL ATLANTIC CITY, N. J. WILLIAM FRANCIS MCGUIRE PHILADELPHIA, PA. St. loseplfs College, B.S. Piersol Anatomical Society ARMY MISERICORDIA HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. WILLIAM AUGUSTUS McMAIN, JR. SALT LAKE CITY. UTAH Nu Sigma Nu ARMY Al..-XMEDA COVNTY OAKLAND, CALIF. JOHN DOUGLAS lVIcNAIR LATTA, S. C. XVakc Forest College, B.S. NAVY l'. S. NAVAL HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. ELLIOT FRANCIS MAGUIRE PHILADELPHIA, PA. University of Permsylvauia, AB. Alpha Mu Pi Omega, U. M. A. ARMY PENNSYLVANIA HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. LEONARD LEE MALAMUT IRVINGTDN, N. J. University of Pczmsylvaviia, A.B. Phi Delta Epsilon PHILADELPHIA GENERAL HOSPITAL KURT MANRODT, JR. NEWARK, N. J. Bucknell University, B.S. Phi Chi, Piersol Anatomical Society ARMY PATERSON GENERAL HOSPITAL PATERSON, N. J. JAMES WILLIS MARTIN, JR. XAUXSHINGTON, PA. XVasl1i'ngt011 and Jefferson College, BS. ARMY PRESBYTERIAN HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. FRANK KENNEDY MEARS, JR. PHILADELPHIA. PA. Haverford College, B.S. Alpha Mu Pi Omega, Pepper Medical Society PENNSYLVANIA HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. EDWARD CARL MEISLER SANDUSKY, OHIO Columbia Junior College ARMY BOULDER HOSPITAL DENVER, COLORADO ANDREW PAUL MILLER PITTSBURGH, PA. Grove City College, B.S. Phi Rho Sigma, Alpha Omega Alpha, Hirst Obstetrical Society NAVY ALLEGHENY GENERAL HOSPITAL PITTSBURGH, PA. DAVID BOSHART MILLER ELMIRA, N. Y. Union College, A.B. Nu Sigma Nu, Agnew Surgical Society, Pepper Medical Society, I. F. C. ARMY GRADUATE HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA GEORGE EDWARD MILLER, JR. BATH, N. Y. University of Penns3'l1:a11ia, A.B. IIIIFEALO GENERAL HOSPITAL BUFFALO, N. Y. JOHN BORLAND MOYAR FORT WORTH, 'TEXAS Texas Christian University, A.B. Phi Chi, Agnew Surgical Society PHILADELPHIA GENERAL HOSPITAL JOHN HENRY MOYER, JR. HERSHEY. PA, Lebanon Valley College, B.S. Phi Rho Sigma, Deaver Surgical Society AR MY Pl-IN NSYLVANIA HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. GEORGE EDWARD MURPHY KANSAS CITY, MO. University of Kansas, A.B. Nu Sigma Nu, Pepper Medical Society, Agnew Surgical Society NAVY UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS HOSPITALS KANSAS CITY, KANSAS RICHARD THOMAS MYERS WINSTONSALEM, N. C. University of North Carolina, AB, Phi Chi, Alpha Omega Alpha NAVY UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA HEKTOR MANUEL NADAL SAN JUAN, P. R. Columbia Unive'rsit5', A,B. Phi Rho Sigma ARMY ST. VlNCENT'S HOSPITAL NEXV YORK CITY, N. Y. ARLINGTON ADAM NAGLE EPHRATA, PA. Moravian College, B.S. Phi Rho Sigma, Hirst Ohstetrical Society ARMY ST. JOSEPH HOSPITAL LANCASTER, PA. MARTIN NETSKY PHILADELPHIA, PA. Universitv of Pennsxlvania, AB., M.S. Alpha Omega Alpha, U. M. A. UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA PA. MICHAEL NEWTON MALVERN, ENGLAND Cambridge University KEnglandJ, B.A. Alpha Mu Pi Omega ROYAL AIR FORCE PENNSYLVANIA HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. ASA RICHMOND PARHAM HENDERSON, N. C. Virginia Milimry Institute, B.S. Phi Chi, Alpha Omega Alpha ARMY PETER RENT ERIOHAM HOSPITAL BOSTON, MASS. JAMES WILLIAM PARKS AKRON, OHIO Oberlin College, A.B. Phi Chi, Deaver Surgical Society NAVY AKRON CITY HOSPITAL AKRON, OHIO BERNARD HENRY PASTOR PHILADELPHIA, PA. University of Pennsylvania, AB. Phi Delta Epsilon ARMY PHILADELPHIA GENERAL HOSPITAL EDWARD BERNARD POLIN PHILADELPHIA, PA. University of Pennsylvania, A.B. Phi Lambda Kappa, U. M. A. ARMY CHESTER GENERAL HOSPITAL CHESTER, PA. JAMES HARRISON POWELL PETERSBURG, VA. Virginia Polytechnic Institute, B.S. Phi Chi, Agnew Surg. Soc., Pepper Med. Soc. U. M. A. ARMY HOSPITAL, MEDICAL COLLEGE OF VIRGINIA RICHMOND, VA 4 CLAUDE LOWRY PRESSLY STATESVILLE, N. C. Erskine College, A.B. Phi Chi, Agnew Surgical Society ARMY PENNSYLVANIA HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA. PA, IRA RAPP READING, PA. University of Pennsylvania, AB. Phi Rho Sigma, Deaver Surgical Society ARMY READING GENERAL HOSPITAL READING, PA JOSEPH FRANKLIN RORKE READING, PA. Princeton University, AB. Phi Chi NAVY sr. .IOSEPHYS HOSPITAL READING, PA. ROBERT ALLEN RUPP PITTSBURGH, PA. Bethany College, B.S. Phi Rho Sigma, Deaver Surgical Society ARMY ALLEGHENY GENERAL HOSPITAL PITTSBURGH, PA NATHAN PAUL SALNER PHILADELPHIA, PA. University of Pennsylvania. A.B. Phi Delta Epsilon ,JEWISH HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA. PA. ALAN FULTON SCOTT GOLDSBORO, N. C. Vvfalqe Forest College, B.S. ARMY FITZGERALD MERCY HOSPITAL DARBY, PA, FRANK WAMPLER SHAFFER MCKEESPORT, PA. Princeton University, A.B. Alpha MII Pi Omega, Pepper Medical Society a I. F. C. ARMY PENNSYLVANIA HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. ARTHUR B. SHAUL, JR. HARRISBURC3, PA. Dickinson College, B.S. Phi Rho Sigma, Hirst Obsterical Society, I. F. C. INTERNESHIP DEFERRED ARTHUR HOMER SILVERS BRANT BEACH, N. J. Princeton University, A.B. Alpha Mu Pi Omega ARMY PENNSYLVANIA HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. JOHN SINNOTT, JR. PASADENA, CALIFORNIA Harvard University, B.S. Alpha Mu Pi Omega, Pepper Medical Society ARMY PENNSYLVANIA HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA JOSEPH EARL SNYDER FAIRBLIRY, NEB. University of Nebraska, A.B. U. M, A. ARMY PHILADELPHIA GENERAL HOSPITAL JACOB SPECTER PHILADELPHIA, PA. University of Pennsylvania, A.B. Phi Lambda Kappa ARMY ABINGTON MEMORIAL HOSPITAL ABINGTO THEODORE STANLEY STASHAK SCRANTON, PA. Pennsylvania State College, B.S. Alpha Kappa Kappa, Hirst Obstetrical Society ARMY VNIVERSITY HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. RUTH FRANCES STEINKE AKRON, OHIO Wilson College, A.B. VVomen's Medical Society LENOX HILL HOSPITAL NEW YORK CITY o HOWARD EDWIN STINE BLAIN, PA. Gettysburg College, AB. Phi Rho Sigma, Hirst Obstetrical Society HARRISI3L'RG HOSPITAL HARRISBIIRG, PA. HRANT HAROLD STONE PHILADELPHIA, PA. University of Pennsylvania, AB. NAVY PRESBYTERIAN HOSPITAL PHILADELPH N. ,N. IA, P PA MARGARET SHIPPEN STORRS SHAONVLI, FIIKIEN, CHINA Mount Holyoke College, A.B. Wonien's Medical Society PHILADELPHIA GENERAL HOSPITAL LAWRENCE TAYLOR HAVERFORD, PA. Princeton University, A.B. Alpha Mu Pi Omega ARMY PRESBYTERIAN HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA ROBERT WALLACE TILNEY, JR. FAR HILLS, N. 1. Harvard University, A.B. Alpha Mu Pi Omega NAVY PETIER IIENT BRIGIIAM HOSPITAL BOSTON, MASS. W. EDWARD TORREY, JR. DIENKINTOXVN, PA. University of Pennsylvania, A.B. Phi Beta Pi, Piersol Anatomical Society, U. M. A., I. F. C. NAVY U. S. NAVAL HOSPITAL BETHESDA, MD COURTLAND VAN DEUSEN TSINOTAU, CHINA Wofister College, A.B. Phi Rho Sigma. Deaver Surgical Society ARMY PENNSYLVANIA HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. ROBERT THEODORE WALLACH NEW ROCHELLE, N. Y. XVillian1s College, A.B. Phi Delta Epsilon NEXV ROCHELLE HOSPITAL NEW' ROCHELLE, N. Y HAROLD PERSHING WEAVER SLATINGTON, PA. Columbia University, A.B. ARMY ALLENTOVJN GENERAL HOSPITAL ALLENTOVVN, PA, JAMES ISAAC WENDELL, JR. POTTSTOXVN, PA. Princeton University, A.B. Nu Sigma Nu, Pepper Medical Society, Agnew Surgical Society ARMY UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA. IRVING BENJAMIN WEXLAR PHILADELPHIA, PA. UTIIIYCTSIIA' of Pennsylvania, A.B. Phi Lambda Kappa ARMY PHILADELPHIA GENERAL HOSPITAL JOHN RHODES WILTON SEATTLE, WASH. Stanford University, A.B. Agnew Surgical Society ARMY KING COUNTY HOSPITAL SEATTLE, WASH ROBERT FRANCIS WORTMANN ST. Louis, Mo. Central College fMo.l, AB. University of Missouri, B.S.. M.A. Phi Beta Pi, U. M. A. ' ARMY ST. LUKE S HOSPITAL ST. LOUIS. BIO. MORGAN LEHR ZARFOS YORK, PA. Franklin and Marshall College, B.S. ARLIY YORK HOSPITAL YORK. PA EARLY M. llfs Pandemonium in the pit . . . "Will you copy mine when you finish?" . . . "How do you think you did?" . . . "I-Iere's what Foinsby says in the J.A.M.A." . . . Senior privilege. "Now, doctor, tell us something about this patient" . . . Song of the heart . . . "Could that be a machinery murmur" . . . Bachman Bombing Babies . . . "Pd rather do a rectal than look in a patient's mouth" . . . Peren- nial pair . . . Tum-aah! . . . "The chief and I operated a similar case" . . . Everything but a Mickey Mouse . . . Cerebellar gait looks as though the patient is going to wet his pants" . . . "Jerry" . . . You only need to remember the direction of the clock . . . Old salts, brass hats and blue bloods . . . "Nominations for president are now open-" , xy QT? .X x. .k.iX Ng, M, M gg-fi? kt .tx 5 'F N fa , 'gs af? .. FSS' 'Riff f F is-3.5 2 ': -1 -,Q ,-1 5, M A 5:3 5 , 'N 1 K if bf A r 1? " . , an ff X 'inf -"' fi V -- ,,,' if Y 41 Q fl 1,4 :M is Vw. C 'Y K X M i 2 .. x K ,L.., N Mg .1 5 Wh., c . ,aw ATLUGLAT "Gee, I left out the blood strontium lev- els" . . . "You mean to tell me-" . . . "Now about signing those slips for The Scope" . . . Rewriting the rewrites . . . "I got this tyah in Dixie" . . . "What's so funny?-took me all day to work up that case" . . . Stu- dent papers-the quest to know why. o o o "It's internal fixation to you, but infernal to the patient" . . . "Dorsalward from this is the labium anterius of the osteum pharyn- geum tuhae auditivae"--unquote . . . "Now, if you'll just hand me that syringe, doctor" . . . Gun shy-1500 units T. A. T. . . . "Did you know Fergy?" . . . Variations on varicosities . . . "Hell, doc, I was in there, what was I gonna do?" . . . Two layers of gelatin, two of gauze . . . Now then, little man, just hold still . . . "Whee, first nor- mal prostate today!" The Third Year JACK W. BILLS BLACKFOOT, IDAHO University of Utah, A.B. ARMY LEONARD JOHN BINGHAM SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH University of Utah, A.B. Nu Sigma Nu ARMY PAUL HERBERT BISHOP, JR. BETHLEHEM, PA. Muhlenberg College, B.S. Phi Beta Pi, Picrsol Anatomical Society ARMY EDWARD WELLES BIXBY, JR. XVILKESBARRE, PA. Princeton University, A.B. Alpha Mu Pi Omega ARMY WILLIAM COLBERT ADAMSON WILMINGTON, DEL. Swarthmore College, A.B. Alpha Kappa Kappa ARMY ARTHUR EDWARD AEY Dumcuuc, N. Y. Allegheny College, A.B. ARMY NORMAN STILLWELL ANDERSON Tooisus, UTAH University of Utah, A.B. ARMY MERLE STONER BACASTOW HERSHEY, PA. Lebanon Valley College, B.S. Phi Rho Sigma, Hirst Obstetrical Society ARMY SAMUEL ORR BLACK, JR. SPARTANBURG, S. C. Wofford College, B.S. Phi Chi, Piersol Anatomical Society ARMY JOHN BUTLER BLALOCK MARION, ALA. Uniuersitx' of Alabama, A.B. Phi Chi FREDERICK ALEXANDER BLOUNT PENSACOLA, FLA. University of North Carolina, A.B. Phi Chi NAVY ALFRED MARIUS BONGIOVANNI PHILADELPHIA. PA. Villmiova College, B.S. NAVY ROBERT EMREY BOOTH Fox CHASE, PA. Uriiversity of Pennsylvania, A.B. Alpha Mu Pi Omega NAVY ROBERT ORVILLE BRANDENBURG BISMARCIQ, N. DAK. North Dakota State College, B.S. Alpha Kappa Kappa ARMY CHARLES GEORGE BRATENAI-IL BETHESDA, MD. W'illiams College, A.B. Phi Chi, Agnew Surgical Society NAVY SIDNEY BRENNER PHILADELPHIA, PA. University of PC7111Sj'lL'dTlfd, AB. Phi Delta Epsilon ARMY ROBERT ARMOUR BUYERS CHRISTIANA, PA. HampdenfSydney College, A.B. Alpha Mu Pi Omega. Agnew Surgical Society ARMY JOSEPH THOMAS BYRNE CARBONOALE. PA. University of Scranton. B.S. Phi Chi, Picrsol Anatomical Society ARMY ANNE REGINA CANTLIN BYWOOD. PA. U7liUCTSiIV of PCT1'l1Syl'lld1'lll1, A.B. WOxnen's Medical Society RICHARD LINWOOD CHASSE WATERVILLF, ME. Colby College, A.B. Phi Chi, Piersol Anatomical Society ARMY FRANK PICKERING BROOKS PORTSMOUTH, N. H. Dartmouth College, AB. NAVY ELWOOD RICHARD BRUBAKER LEBANON, PA. Lebanon Valley College, B.S. Phi Rho Sigma, Hirst Ohstetrical Society ARMY JOSEPH STEWART BURKLE PHILADELPHIA, PA. University of Pennsylvania, A.B. NAVY HORACE GIVEN BUTLER OAKLYN, N. J, LaSalle College, A.B. NAVY EDWARD OSBORNE COATES, JR. ITHAN, PA. Vkfilliams College, A.B. Alpha Mu Pi Omega, Agnew Surgical Society NAVY STANLEY WOROFT COHEN PHILADELPHIA, PA. University of Pennsylvania, A.B. ARMY FREDERICK CHARLES COLEMAN PHILADELPHIA, PA. Gettysburg College, A.B. Phi Rho Sigma ARMY DAVID BAIRD COURSIN MCKEESPORT, PA. Haverford College, B.S. Alpha Mu Pi Omega, Pepper Medical Society ARMY JAMES EVANS DAVIS GOLDSBORO, N. C. University of North Carolina, A.B. Phi Chi NAVY SIDNEY DAVIS II MILTON. PA. Cornell University, A.B. Alpha Mu Pi Omega ARMY JOSEPH HENRY DEATSCH PBORIA, ARIZ. University of Arizona, A.B. Nu Sigma Nu, Pepper Medical Society ARMY PHILIP LOOSE DeLONG BALACYNWYD, PA. University of Pennsylvania, A.B. Nu Sigma Nu ARMY GEORGE MORGAN ECKLEY, JR. BECKLEY, W. VA. West Virginia University, A.B., B.S. Phi Clii NAVY RAPHAEL ALAN FAWCETT XVHEELINQE, W. VA. Wasliiaigton and jefferson, B.S. Nu Sigma Nu, Pepper Medical Society ARMY HENRY HARRISON FERTIG, JR. NEwTowN SQUARE, PA. University of Pennsylvania, A.B. ARMY JOHN EDWARD FISHER INDIANAPQLIS, IND. Wittenberg College, A.B. Phi Beta Pi, Picrsol Anatomical Society ARMY NED DOSCHER WESTFIELD, N. j. Wasliington and jefferson, B.S. ARMY . HOWARD NESBIT DOUDS BEAVER FALLS, PA. Geneva. College, B.S. Hirst Obstetrical Society, U. M. A. Alpha Kappa Kappa ARMY JACK LANIER DOZIER CHANCE, ALA. University of Alabama, A.B. ARMY WILLIAM HENDERSON EASTMENT PHILIPSEURG, PA. Dickinson College, B.S. Alpha Kappa Kappa, Hirst Olastetrical Society ARMY ROBERT ELDER FORSTER, II Sr. DAVIDS, PA. 'Yale University, B.S. Alpha Mu Pi Omega NAVY SIDNEY FRIEDMAN JERSEY CITY, N. 1. Universitv of P6Tl7lSj'lL'd7lld, AB. Phi Delta Epsilon ARMY FREDERICK FRISCH, JR. VENTNOR CITY, N. 1. Harvard University, AB. Alpha Mu Pi Omega ARMY HARRY JULIAN FRYER, JR. YEADON. PA. Dickinson College, B.S. Phi Rho Sigma. Deaver Surgical Society NAVY HAROLD SCOTT GAMBLE MONTQOMERY, ALA. University of Alabama, A.B. Phi Chi NAVY BENJAMIN M. GARFINKLE, JR. HARRISBURG, PA. U11f1-'87'SlIN' of Penflsylvania, A.B. Phi Delta Epsilon ARMY WARREN ANDREWS GETTE PHILIPSBKRG, PA. University of Pen11sylua11ia, A.B. Alpha Kappa Kappa, Pepper Medical Society JOHN HERCLES GILE XX7.-KSHINGTON, D. C. Urliversitv of Maryland. BS. Alpha Kappa Kappa, Pepper Medical Society NAVY RICHARD JOSEPH HENRY HARRISBLTRKT. PA. Gettvsburg College, A.B. Agnew Surgical Society, U.lvl.A., Phi Chi Phi ARMY EDWARD JAY HORNICK, JR. PITTNBUROH. PA. U11i1'erSitx' of Peolnswliuniu. A.B. ARMY MANNING HUDSON Niaw IXLBANY, Miss. Millxaps College, A.B. Chi, Picrsol Anatomical Society NAVY LOWELL R. HUGHES SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH Univcrsitv of Utali, BS. I Am.1Y KENNETH ERWIN GROSS UNION, N. J. Dartmoutll College, A.B. Alpha Kappa Kappa ARMY CYRIL MAYNARD GUEST MOUNT X7ERN0N, N. Y. Amherst College, A.B. Nu Sigma Nu NAVY MARSHALL BECK GUTHRIE LEXINGTON. KY. Universiiv of Kentucky, B.S. Phi Chi ARMY MARY BENSON HALL ONEONTA, N. Y. Smith College, A.B. Vv'Omen's Mcdiczil Society JOHN GRAY HUNTER GREENSBORO, N. C. Davidson College, B.S. Phi Chi, Piersol Anatomical Society ARMY CHARLES WILLIAM IOBST EMMAIIS, PA. Miihlenberg College, B.S. Phi Beta Pi, Piersol Anatomical Society ARMY RICHARD THOMAS JAMES, JR. PHILADELPHIA, PA. Phi Beta Pi, Piersol Anatomical Society University of Pennsylvania, B.S. ARMY DAVID TI-IORINGTON JENNINGS PITTSBURGH, PA. Brown University, A.B. Alpha Mu Pi Omega ARMY WINFIELD CLINTON JOHN, II UNIONTOWN, PA. Duke University, A.B. Alpha Kappa Kappa, Hirst Obstetrical Society ARMY RHEIM MAGLEBY JONES SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH University of Utah, A.B. NAvY CHARLES SHINJI KAMBE SEATTLE, WASH. University of Washiaigton, B.S. Piersol Anatomical Society JEROME KANEVSKY PHILADELPHIA, PA. University of Pennsylvania, A.B. Phi Lambda Kappa ARMY FRED WILLIAM LAN GN ER FOLSOM, PA. University of Pennsylvania. A.B.. M.S. EDWIN DOWNS LONGAKER ARIHAIORE, PA. Universitx' of Pennsylvania, A.B. Alpha Mu Pi Omega NAVY RICHARD VANCE LYNCH, JR. CLARKSHURG, W. VA. West Virginia University, A,B. Alpha Kappa Kappa, Agnew Surgical Society ARMY EDISON WOODROW McCULLOUGH ST. MARYS, W. VA. XVest Virginia University, A.B. Phi Beta Pi ARMY JAMES GRANT KEHLER, JR. MOUNT CARMEL. PA. Swarthmore College, A.B. Hirst Obstetrical Society, Alpha Kappa Kappa U. S. P. H. S. WALTER SCOTT KEYTING SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH University of Utali, A.B. Phi Beta Pi, Picrsol Anatomical Society ARMY LILLIAN PANZER KRAVIS PHILADELPHTA, PA. University of Pennsylvania, A.B. Womcn's Medical Society, U. M. A. CHARLES HERTZLER KURTZ ALTOONA, PA. Princeton University, A.B. Phi Beta Pi, Piersol Anatomical Society ARMY HARRY WARD MCCURDY ELLXVOOD CITY, PA. Allegheny College. AB. Piefsol Anatomical Society ARMY FRED JAMES MCDERMOTT SCRANTON, PA, University of Scranton, A.B. Deaver Surgical Society, Phi Chi ARMY JOHN BOURKE McDEVITT CHARLOTTE, N, C. Universitv of North Cd1'43ll71d, AB. ARMY WILLIAM J. A. McMURTRIE,jR. PHiLADELPHiA, PA. St. ,Ioseplfs College, B,S, Nu Sigma Nu. Agnew Surgical Society. U.M.A.. S.B.E.R. NAVY WILLIAM ARTHUR MaCNAMARA SCRANTON, PA. Princeton University, AB. Alpha Mu Pi Omega ARMY VINCENT DE PAUL MAGUIRE VVHLMINUTON, DEL. Mount St. Mawfs College. B.S. Alpha Kappa Kappa, Pepper Mediczil Society ARMY PAUL TODD MAKLER PHILADELPHIA, PA. William and Marv College, B.S. Phi Delta Epsilon ARMY JOHN WARREN MANNING, 3rd PHILADELN-iiA, PA. Ursinus College, BS. U.M.A. NAVY ROBERT KERWIN MOXON NARBERTH, PA. U1Iive1'sitv of Pem'Is5'l1Ia1Iiu, AB. Phi Beta Pi, Piersol Anatomical Society NAVY ARTHUR IRWIN MURPHY, JR. PITTSBURGH, PA. University of Pennsylwviia, A.B. Alpha Mu Pi Omega, Pepper Medical Society ARMY CHARLES PILGRIM NEUMANN CENTRAL VALLEY, N. Y. Princeton University, A.B. Alpha Mu Pi Omega, Pepper Medical Society. U.M.A. ARMY ROBERT SMITH NICHOLS BIfRnIaTT, N. Y. Dartmouth College, A.B. NAVY CLARENCE SAMUEL MARTIN MACUNGIE. PA. Moravian College, B.S. ARMY HAROLD SPENCER MEDOFF PHILADELPHIA, PA. University of Penvixylvania, AB. Phi Delta Epsilon ARMY FELIX MICK MILFORD, DEL. U-niifersitv of Pennsylvania, A.B. Phi Beta Pi, Piersol Anatomical Society NAVY JOHN CRANE MOORE COLUMBIA, Mo. University of Missoufi, A.B. Phi Beta Pi, Piersol Anatomical Society ARMY BAXTER GARDNER NOBLE KINSTON, N. C. University of North Carolina, A.B. ARMY WALTER GEORGE OLIN, JR. HoUsToN, TEXAS . Rice Institute, A.B. Phi Rho Sigma, Hirst Obstetrical Society ARMY DON DEE OLSEN OGDEN, UTAH University of Utah, A.B. ARMY HARRY BARRON O'REAR JASPER, ALA. Uniirefsitx' of Alabama, A.B. Phi Chi ARMY KAY NORMAN OSTERGARD KENMARR. N. DAR. North Dakota State College, B.S. Alpha Kappa Kappa NAVY PAUL PARKER TRENTON, N. J. Princeton University, A.B. Alpha Mu Pi Omega ARMY FRED JEFFERSON PHILLIPS SCRANTON, PA. Bucknell University, B.S. Phi Chi, Piersol Anatomical Society ARMY RALPH LAWRENCE PIPES HOULTON, ME. University i1fMaine, A.B. Phi Chi ARMY J. ROWLAND REID HAGERSTOXXi'N, Mo. Bridgewater College, A.B. Alpha Kappa Kappa ARMY BROOKE ROBERTS BALIMCYNNNYD, PA. Princeton University, A.B. Alpha Mu Pi Omega, U.M.A. ARMY THOMAS SAMPSON ROYSTER, JR. HENDERSON, N. C. University of North Carolina, A.B. Pepper Medical Society, Phi Chi ARMY HERBERT SALIS PHILADELPHIA, PA. Universitv of Pennsylvania, A.B., M Phi Delta Epsilon, U.M.A. ARMY JAMES DE CAMP PIVER COLLINGSWOOD, N. J. University of North Carolina, B.S. Phi Chi ARMY EDWARD JOHN PLATZ DUMONT, N. J. Bowdoin College, B.S. Phi Beta Pi, Piersol Anatomical Society ARMY ROBERT COOLEY PRALL BOONTON, N. J. University of Virginia, B.S. Nu Sigma Nu ARMY HERBERT H. RAWNSLEY, II CONSHOHOCKEN, PA. Franklin and Marshall College, B.S. Phi Alpha Sigma ARMY PAUL OTIS SATHER TROY, MONTANA Uniurrsitv of Vtfasliiiigtowi, B.S. Phi Chi, Piersnl Anatomical Society NAVY WILLIAM FORTUNATE SCARPITTI ERIE, PA. Alleglieiw College, A.B. Piersol Anatomical Society NAVY TRUMAN GROSS SCHNABEL, JR. PHILADELPHIA, PA. 'Yale University. B.S. Alpha MII Pi Omega, Pepper Medical Society ARMY LIONEL BASS SHAFFER PHILADELPHIA, PA. Pemisyl-I'a11ia State College, B.S. ARMY WINSTON KINNEY SHOREY LYNDONVILLI3, VT. Dartmouth College, AB. Alpha Kappa Kappa NAVY WILLIAM MILLER SIMONS LANCASTER, PA. Franklin and Marshall College, B.S. Phi Beta Pi. Piersol Anatomical Society U.M.A. ARMY HUGH P. SMITH, JR. GI1I5ENvILLIE, S. C. U1lfl'6TSIlX' of North Carolina, A.B. Phi Chi NAVY FRANK WILLIAM SPICER, JR. DULUTH, MINN. University of Michigan, B.S. Nu Sigma Nu, Pepper Medical Society ARMY JOHN CROZIER TODD WILDWOOD, N. I. Rutgers University, B.S. Alpha Kappa Kappa, Pepper Medical Society, U.M.A. ARBIY EDITH TORGAN PHILADELPHIA, PA. University of Permsyluania, A.B. Women's Medical Society ROBERT WILLIAM VIEHE, JR. EVANSVILLE, IND. Purdue University, B.S. Nu Sigma Nu, Pepper Medical Society, Agnew Surgical Society, U.M.A. ARMY GEORGE ROBERT WADE MADISON, N. I. Amherst College, A.B. Nu Sigma Nu, Pepper Medical Society, Agnew Surgical Society ARMY EDWARD EUGENE STEINHARDT ATLANTIC CITY, N. I. Villanova College Alpha Kappa Kappa ARMY WILLIAM NORTH STERRETT MII:FL1NrowN, PA. Wasliivigtori and jefferson College, B.S. Nu Sigma Nu ARMY JAMES MORWILYAN TANNER PHILADELPHIA, PA. Uriivursitv of South West of England Lomlon University Alpha MII Pi Omega LAWRENCE BLAIR THRUSH MooRIiFInLp, W. VA. Uaiiversitx- of XVest Virginia. A.B. Alpha Kappa Kappa. Pepper Medical Society ARMY BYRON HALSTED WAKSMAN NEW BRUNSWICK, N. J. Swarthmore College, AB. Phi Delta Epsilon ARMY JEROME MICHAEL WALDRON PHILADELPHIA, PA. LaSalle College, A,B. ARMY JAMES PIERRE WALSH Los ANGELES, CALIF. Amherst College, A.B. NAYV JAMES WENDEL WATSON GRAND ISLAND, NEB. California Institute of Teclinologv Alpha Kappa Kappa, Pepper Medical Society ARMY WILLIAM WEISS, JR. PHILADELPHIIA PA. Uriirersity of Perlnsylvania, A.B. Phi Lambda Kappa ARMY ANNE WIGHT COHASSETT, MASS. Bryn Mawr College, AB. Woii1en's Medical Society, U.M.A. NEIHL JOSIAH WILLIAMSON JERSEY SHORE, PA. Dickinson College, B.S. Alha Kappa Kappa, Hirst Obstetrical Society NAVY BRECKINRIDGE WILMER WING WINTER PARR, FLA. University of the South, B.S. Alpha Kappa Kappa ARMY OHN CALVIN WINTER II J , WILLIAMSPORT, PA. Bucknell College, B.S. Phi Rho Sigma, Hirst Obstetrical Society ARMY ROBERT HOWELL WITMER LANCASTER, PA. U. S. Naval Academy Franklin and Marshall College, B.S. Alpha Mu Pi Omega, Pepper Medical Society, Agnew Surgical Society NAVY JACK ARLINGTON WOLFORD BROOKVILLE, PA. Allegllenv College, A.B. Phi Rho Sigma, Hirst Obstetrical Society ARMY ki if A in A.-iz k ,.. f " M, 1, if QM :Q ' i 1- i EVEN LEUTURE DAY "So you don't believe in venous peristal- sis" . . . Wearied by much well-doing . . "Gentlemen, culture the bird's throat" . . . O.H.P.P. at U.M.A .... "What's the dose of phenobarb, grains 1 or 100?" . . . Love's labor lost . . . Hurry up, Wit, Pennsylvania won't wait . . . Cerumen surgeon . . . "But that's not the cell I mean-" . . . Miss Rus- sell and the Sulfa Sisters . . . "Here's where it hurts most." Q . O Lovely lady of the library . . . Who you been beatin' wiff dat han'? . . . "Now, then, what have we here?" . . . "How do you know it's the maxillary sinus, doctor?" "HAVE 'l'll0 E 0'l'ES?" "Are you sure he took your little white card?" . . . The power behind the throne . . . How did you keep Dr. Phillips still long enough to take a picture?" . . . Dr. Schmidt's new baby. . 0 C Three brains and Wade . . . "Pd say it was a piece of dust" . . . "You can tell what state you are in my the shape of the out- house chimney . . . Beam, girls, beam, he's one of next year's chiefs . . . just what was wrong with the Normadie? . . . "Do you think you'll eat that other sandwich?" . . . "I knew it was in 1587, just wanted to see if you would stop me" . . . "That's the fourth clot today" . . . We don't blame that long face, Murph-bet it's Sam on the other end . . . Always charming somebody. ...of saw- -Y QE .WDA 3,1 if ff: . . L+ V '55 f V L .Zlimf I. ' . - - Q', 3 '-1 55.3253 'ay' -- S 5255533 - 55 ,zz . im ,E .,:,E 14... E Wig 55" ' at QT? ,. y 3 5, W5 I if E ' X X V 2 . is .am iw E , fx . -.. ., x x i MY at 1 . 1. .g 15 ,, ,Q . ,,:.-wg: 3 6 sf file, 5 X" 4 wr? 7 ..-55? ...Q.. ' .f -,wi fe n w . 9' Q Fifi-3' 'K '1 A 99" ., fs, . .1 , ii .5 -... i gs' -12945 - vw: Q? ,AK 'HF ,.5.,c:.,. .V if ' Q., .WQ1 ' ws: f Q X -s K E 5 x- .1 kg . if Y s .Hs . ,K W. K 5 W Q-' The PHE-CLINICAL YEARS CARL F. SCHMIDT, MD. Professor of Pharmacology CARL F. SUHMIDT, M.Il. N 1918, Carl F. Schmidt finished a diiiicult and important job, that of being a senior medical student in the midst of a World War. He did it well, ending the year at the top of his class. Today, twenty-tive years later fminus the hair which his senior photo showed adorning his head and upper lipj, he is again at the head of his class. He is head of his class as a pharmacologist fEditor of the journal of Pharmacology and Experif mental Therapeutics as well as director of the best course in Pharmacology in this countryj, head of his class as a Physiologist fauthor of "Respira- tion" in MacLeod's Physiologyj and head of his class as a wartime scienf tist fhe was an enthusiast for Aviation Medicine and Physiology long before Pearl Harborj. Assistant Professor at thirtyfone, and Professor at the age of thirty- eight-what is the secret of this success? As a teacher, the answer is simple: he likes students, enjoys teaching and above all likes to teach well fthat smoothly-running laboratory course doesn't just happen-for every year, every experiment is rehearsed thoroughly by all of the staff-old and new, before the actual student performancesj. As head of a department, the reason for his success is again simple: complete freedom of action for all staff members so as to develop individual talentsg it is said that never has a single order been given in the department. His success as an investi' gator is due in great part to unrelenting hard work and inability to accept mediocrity in methods and results or to publish unimportant work. Bef cause of his abilities as teacher, administrator and investigator, his depart- ment has become a training ground for young men attracted by the certain knowledge that the experience would prove invaluable toward a fuller career in medical practice or research. He believes in the following: Dr. Richards, hard work, precise measf urements f"the essence of science is measurementuj, the Republican party, better facultyfstudent relationships, hard play fat 49, he tandems from Philadelphia to Lebanon and back and plays an excellent game of tennisj, gadgeteering fwhether it be the famous Schmidtzkrieg for carbohydrate metabolism or building a model racer with his son, now a teenfager in the Army Air Corpsj and repetition, not only in experimental work but also in teaching fuiirst announce that you're about to say something, then say it, and then announce that you've just said it"j. But above all, he believes in the future of the scientific method. To Carl F. Schmidt, M.D., first in the class of 1918, first with the classes of 1943, we dedicate this prefclinical section. To Carl F. Schmidt, M.D., first in the p class of 1918, first with the classes of 1943, we dedicate this prefclinical section A 9 EX? g e E Q The Seeend Year r 5 3 fl? sa f Q X it 4 , l T QABOVEP KBELOWJ First row: Wheeler, Kiesewetter, Weaver, Dil- First row: Valentine, Hibbard, Remmer, Volk worth, Nichols, Filsinger, Marcy. Kraul, Pearce, Glassmire. Second row: Gay, Rogers, Kiefer, Witt, Shen-bon, Second row: McClure, Sterner, Steppacher, Hop- Snyder, Holt. per, Lewis, Krusen, Stewart. Third row: Farquhar, Silver, Bush, Dove, Parvin, Third row: Thomas, Houston, Ritter, Gimbel, B. Max-iani. King, Smith. CABOVE 3 First row: Arons, Bai-ol, Snowden, Angelo, Ben der, Conte, Chang. Second row: Campo, Bove, Allison, Coe, E Brown, Allen. Third row: Keyser, Gershenfeld, Penn, Corneal, Joiner. Fourth row: Herrick, Rohrmayer, H. Brown, Man call, Goldberg. QBELOWI First row: Cutler, W. Doane, Salus, L. Enterline, Masten, Davis, Portner. Second row: Del-Ioratius, Doane, H. Enterline, Jay, Rosenblum, Gosfield. Third row: Seitz, Teitgen, Cornman, Freedman, Howard, Strang. Fourth row: Tux-ville, Day, Wiemer, Marshall. I ABOVE D I BELOW F First row: Parsons, Buclcwalter, Marcus, Brock, First row: Chamness, R. Weaver, Gleckler, Luci Beclcfield, Krudener, Connor. ano, Firtipoldi, Werner, Hess. Second row: Perry, F. Moore, R. King, Zinn, Second row: McClain, Siclwell, Kratz, Knud-Han Taylor, Milford. sen, Graham, Woolmington, Carroll, Frost. Q . f X 'HW x X 9 psf . if kfghdgs, ' M S A . A QE.. ig- ' ww WMMQ, 4 , X .X .x , 5 Q The First Year KABOVEJ First row: DeLong, M. R. Golden, Feuerstein, Fewell, Culberson, Eather, B. R. Golden. Second row: DeLone, Eby, Gundel, Donner, Frye, Prank. Third row: Kelton, Dotter, Mereschak, Frieder- icks, Diacumakos. KBELOWJ First row: Nolan, Brock, Cummings, Crosley, E. Barker, Bennett, Boatwright. Second row: Boaz, Cohn, Bai-kan, Conlin, Biggane, Churchill. Third row: Butcher, Coppedge, Bodtke, Can- celmo, Austin, Drinker, Clements. Fourth row: Ayella, Brunt, Bower, Blakemore, Ewing. . KABOVEJ IBELOWD First row: Wenhold, Weiss, Wilson, Swartley, First row: Paul, Hobbs, Green, Hansel, Hickman, Vogler, Steiger, Study. Kendrick, Kough. Second row: Swenson, Zimmer, Splendido,Wiest, Second row: O'Neal, Grebe, Romero, Griiiith, Vogel, Thoma. Hofling, Laigon. Third row: Stoner, Storrs, Sumner, Winkelman. , X ei 'f 1 . if 'HWEP' QABOVEJ CBELOWJ First row: Fust, Mebane, Reisner, Redner, Rowan, First row: Harvey, Magness, Longaker, Larney, Shark: Ravdin- Mattson, Lore, Macht, Lyons. Second row: Myers, Page, Eiman, Sheridan, Thompson, Miller, Musgrave, Schmoyer. Second row: Levmstone, Hay, Keeler, Horn, Kabo, Laskas, Ciccantelli. Third row: Edwards, Murphy, Spaeth, McLeod, McAllister, Phillips, Speese. Third row: Lockwood, Guerin. , 5 , .gi .1 :f . 6 . .. fx 5 gr I a Rx. 4 Q x w . we Mi?-isv. 'X - CQ Qi f i , E ' 5 X . 1 zig- Q r Q' ..'s .9-nv 5 . . x .. H 1 A..g f X ,x 1. f X X- Y , I E NW ma . i 3' f 1-N fm -- .pw www' 5 if is 5 33 f 1 E g Q . .sr Q x Q51 k -51 ' x 1 x . N 3' 1 " x f f vi A 'if . 5 s uf-sf, 5,3 1. N. X . . W-.. 3 5 1 355 Q4 iiifffii 52 , Q Qi . X 1 . K 1 E x ,- Societies and Fraternities S00 IETIES UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL ASSOCIATION WILLIAM PEPPER MEDICAL SOCIETY - D. HAYES AGNEW SURGICAL SOCIETY' B. C. HIRST OBSTETRICAL SOCIETY ' JOHN B. DEAVER SURGICAL SOCIETY' GEORGE A. PIERSOL ANATOMICAL SOCIETY WOMEN'S MEDICAL SOCIETY FRATERNITIES Y 'ALPHA OMEGA ALPHA .NU SIGMA NU -ALPHA KAPPA KAPPA . PHI CHI PHI RHO SIGMA . PHI BETA PI -ALPHA MU PI OMEGA 'PHI DELTA EPSILON PHI LAMBDA KAPPA COUN CII UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ,M,A, FOUNDED 1908 HE Undergraduate Medical Association of the University of Pennsylvania was founded in 190809, under the sponsorship of Dr. john G. Clark, as a means of furthering student re- search. It includes in its membership the entire student body of the School of Medicine. It is governed by the House of Delegates consisting of the four class presidents, two representatives from each society, and all those students who have presented papers on U.M.A. day. Each year, the Association conducts "U.M.A. Day," a miniature scientific convention for the presentation of student research. Throughout the year it invites distinguished speakers to address "Open Meetings" of the Society. The Associa- tion has aided in the creation of the Medical Interfraternity Council, the Faculty Advisor System, and the Student Board of Ethical Relaf tions. This year for the first time it sponsored a formal dance. PATRON QDuring the absence of Dr. I. S. Ravdin on Military servirej JOHN S. Locicwoon, M.D. OFFICERS RALPH JONES ............................................ CHRISTIAN J. LAMBERTSEN ........ VIRGINI.-K P. GRAHAM ............ ROBERT E. ALLEN ........ ..............President ........Vice-President ..............Secretary .......Treasurer HOUSE OF DELEGATES Pepper Medical Society Blaine Z. Hibbard, '43 April Charles P. Neumann, '43 Dec. B. C. Hirst Obstetrical Society Howard E. Stine, '43 April Howard N. Douds, '43 Dec. Piersol Anatomical Societv I. Taylor Brooks, '43 April W. Edward Torrey, jr., '43 April Agnew Surgical Society James Powell, '43 April Women's Medical Society Ruth Steinke, '43 April Anne Wight, '43 Dec. Alpha Omega Alpha Leroy T. Barnes, '43 April Augustin T. Giordano, '43 April Delegatesfat-Large William I. Atkinson, '43 April Richard I. Henry, '43 Dec. Edward H. Kennerdell, '43 April Theodore A. Koerner, '43 April Lillian P, Kravis, '43 Dec. William I. A. MacMurtrie, '43 Dec. Eliot F. Maguire, '43 April Martin G. Netsky, '43 April Ninety-six Edward B. Polin, '43 April Joseph E. Snyder, '43 April jacob Specter, '43 April Robert Viehe, '43 Dec. Robert Wortmann, '43 April Fourth 'Year President Ralph Jones Third 'Year President William J. A. MacMurtrie Second 'Year President Robert E. Allen First 'Year President Robert N. McLeod, Ir. First rout: Allen, Steinke, Lambertsen, R. Jones, Gra- ham, Powell, Wight. Second raw: Kennerdell, Rupp, Wortmann, Douds, Barnes, Neumann. The Student Board of Ethical Relations was created in 194142 as ll student group responsif lwle for the effectiveness of the Honor System. It is composed of the presidents of the four Third row: Maguire, Viehe, MaclVlurtrie, Roberts, Atkinson, Polin, Torrey. Fourth row: Golding, Stine, Snyder, Specter, Netsky. classes and the oflicers of the U.M.A. Through it the proctor system for examinations is being eliminated and the student body is assuming full responsibility for the maintenance of honor and good conduct. Christian J. Lambertsen, President, Ralph Jones Virginia P. Graham, Robert E. Allen, Brooke Roberts, lAbsenU Robert N. McLeod, William A. Mac- Murtrie. WILLIAM PEPPER MEDICAL SOCIETY F O U N D E D 1 8 8 6 HE William Pepper Medical Society, founded in 1886, was named for Dr. William Pepper, father of the Dean and of our present patron, Dr. O. H. Perry Pepper. At each monthly meeting, a senior presents a case report and a junior member discusses the case, followed by the senior members, and then finally another senior presents the prepared differential diagnosis. When the discussion is completed, the true diagnosis and pathological findings are presented. Following the case report, the Society is honored by hearing various guest speakers. Drs. Carl Schmidt, E. Leon Israel, Dale Coman, and Diaz-Rivera have favored us so far this year. Since 1938, the Society has sponsored an Annual Honor Lecture, the speaker chosen from the faculty for his completion of an outstanding piece of research work. A plaque, bearing the names of the speakers, is kept in the Medical School Library. So far, the list includes Dr. W. Osler Abbott, Dr. E. M. Landis, Dr. J. S. Lock' wood, Dr. W. C. Stadie, and Dr. J. H. Comroe, Jr. UNDERGRADUATE MEMBERS Fourth 'Year E. Lillo Crain, Jr. 0 Frank W. Downey Blaine Z. Hibbard Colin B. Holman Christian J. Lambertsen William W. McCune Joseph L. McGahn Frank K. Mears George E. Murphy James H. Powell Frank W. Shaffer John Sinnott, Jr. James I. Wendell, Jr. Third 'Year David B. Coursin Joseph H. Deatsch R. A. Fawcett John H. Gile Vincent deP. McGuire Arthur I. Murphy, Jr. Charles P. Neumann Thomas S. Royster, Jr. Truman G. Schnabel, Jr. Frank W. Spicer, Jr. Lawrence B. Thrush John C. Todd Robert W. Viehe, Jr. G. Robert Wade James W. Watson Robert H. Witmer Second Tear Robert E. Allen Ernest M. Brown, Jr. Robert Philips Bush James T. Chamness Robert MCC. Day John D. Farquhar John B. Hopper D. T. Kiesewetter Fred H. McClain, Jr. Robert Moersch F. P. Rohrmayer, Jr. Edward A. Smith Ashton T. Stewart First 'Year G. L. Austin William S. Blakemore H. H. Brunt, Jr. John W. Eiman James H. Ewing John A. Fust Edward R. Golden J. G. C. Harvey Edward R. Hobbs Charles K. Hofling Robert G. Lyons Alexander H. O'Neal, Jr. Michael F. Sheridan REILLY lwith regard to mother's complaints about child not urinating!--"Doctor, when you were young and sitting in a tub of warm water, what happened to your sphincters?" Ninetyfeight -. , First row: Smith, Viehe, Lambertsen, Dr. O. H. Perry Third row: Kiesewetter, Royster Brown Hopper Pepper, Sinnott, Spicer, Mears Neumann. Second row: Coursin, G. Murphy, McGahn, Witmer, Fourth row: A. Murphy, Watson, Wade, Schnabel Holman, Hibbard. Crain. PATRON DR. O. H. PERRY PEPPER OFFICERS JOHN SINNOTT, JR .................................. ............ President CHRISTIAN J. LAMEERTSEN ..... VicefPresident ROBERT W. VIEHE, JR ...... ........ S ecretary FRANK W. SPICER, JR ....... ........ T reasmer EDXVARD A. SMITH ....... ...... L ibmrian REILLY-"This is off the record, but 25,000 people die each year from drinking mxlk' Ninetyfnine D. HAYES AGNEWCSURGICAL SOCIETY F O U N D E D ---- 1 8 8 7 R. D. HAYES AGNEW, whose name the society honors, was Professor of Surgery from 1871 to 1889. His life is an encourage' ment and inspiration to the average medical student, having started as a country practitioner in Lancaster County, Pa., and failed, not once, in general practice, but three times before he was able to pursue his real interest in surgery. In this field, Dr. Agnew gained worldfwide recognition and was honored at one time or another by almost every medical group in America as well as in other parts of the world. Of all the organizations which honored him. none gave him more pleasure than this under' graduate society. It was not merely the fact that it was named in his honor that endeared it to him, but more because he was peculiarly fond of medical students and solicitous of their welfare. The Agnew Surgical Society was founded on November 10, 1887 by a coterie of students who intended to devote as much time as possible to studying surgical matters. In order to accom' plish this, the Society's purpose was to invite authorities in different branches of medical work to lecture before them, in addition to the prep' aration of papers by individual members. These meetings started with a course of brilliant lectures by leading authorities, it did much original work, but particular pride was taken in its banquets. Certainly the same situation exists today. It has been said that there are chasms between men which can never be thoroughly bridged. Dr. Agnew realized that this isolation too often existed between students and faculty. He fel: the nearest approach to its removal between him and his students was in the Agnew Society. The Society's aims and purposes have changed little since Dr. Agnew's day, and this probably accounts for the organizations strength on the campus today. Dr. E. L. Eliason, whose faithful interest, and the informal banquet given by him for "his boys" are society highlights, continues to carry on the tradition of Dr. Agnew. UNDERGRADUATE MEMBERS Fourth 'Year William F. Beyer Joseph W. Cook E. Lillo Crain, Jr. Blaine Z. Hibbard Colin B. Holman Robert B. Hunter Walter S. Kerr John B. Moyar George E. Murphy James H. Powell C. Lowry Pressly Joseph F. Rorl-re James I. Wendell John R. Wilton Third 'Year Charles G. Bratenahl Robert A. Buyers Edward O. Coates Richard Henry William J. A. Mclviurtrie G. Robert Wade Robert H. Witmer Robert W. Viehe, Jr. Second year Lester T. Hibbard Robert T. King John I. F. Knud-Hansen Bruce R. Marger Fontaine B. Moore Philip F. D. Seitz G. Winston Taylor Ralph E. Teitgen Robert P. Bush First 'Year George L. Austin, Jr. Robert M. Botwright Willard D. Boaz Richard L. Coppedge Robert W. Culbertson Henry M. Drinker William S. Edwards John W. Eiman James H. Ewing John A. Fust Edward R. Golden Edward R. Hobbs Robert M. Keeler Martin S. Kleckner, Jr. James B. Lawrence Robert N. McLeod, Jr. Alexander H. O'Neal, Jr. Robert G. Page Michael F. Sheridan Phillip G. Spaeth Donald V. Speese ELIASON-"A man can't knock twice at the Pearly Gates in twenty-four hours and not have them opened." One Hundred First row: Rorke, Hunter, Viehe, Dr. Eldridge L. Fourth row: Fust, King, Teitgen, Speese Eliason, Powell, Byers, Kerr. Second row: Wendell, Bratenahl, Henry, Wilton, G. Culberson, Murphy' Moyer' Sixth row: Wa Third row: Marget, Knud-Hansen, Taylor, MacMur- trie, Coates. Fifth row: Pressly, Keeler, Seitz Wltmer Angelo, de, Lawrence. PATRON ELDRIDGE L. ELIASON, A.B., M.D., F.A.C.S. OFFICERS JAMES H. POWELI .............. .................... .............. P 1 esidem ROBERT W. VIEHE, JR ........ ........ V icefPresidem COLIN B. HOLM.-KN ......... .......... 'T 'reasurer ROBERT A. BUYERS ...... ........ S ecvetavy JULIUS COMROE-"Mosquito netting, which is so effective in keeping out mosquitoes is ' ineffective with spirochetesf' One Hundred One B. C. HIRST OBSTETRICAL SOCIETY F O U N D E D - - - 1 8 9 4 HE Barton Cooke Hirst Obstetrical Society was founded at the University of Pennsylvania in 1894 in honor of Dr. Barton Cooke Hirst, at that time, Professor of Obstetrics at the University. Until his death in 1935, Dr. Hirst was the beloved patron of the Society. From his father's death until the present time, Dr. John Cooke Hirst has been the Society's patron. The society holds its meetings once a month. The theme of the meetings is, as the name connotes, obstetrics. At this time noted men of the profession give informal talks, for the most part illustrated with moving pictures, on various aspects of Obstetrics. Meetings of the last year were favored with such notables as Drs. Hirst, Davis, Montgomery, Harer, Douger, Laiferty, Williams, and Bachman. Highlight meetings of the year are two special gatherings sponsored by Dr. Harer and Dr. Hirst at their respective homes. Following all of the meetings there is a social hour of refreshments and discussion. The fundamental purpose of the society is to foster a greater interest among students conf cerning the subject of obstetrics. UNDERGRADUATE MEMBERS F 0 urth 'Year William F. Beyer Miles O. Colwell Philip D. Cronemiller Lynwood V. Keller Edward Kennerdell Kenneth P. Lambert Wilbert M. Looloian A. Paul Miller Ira H. Rapp Theodore S. Stashak Howard E. Stine Third Tear Merle S. Bacastow Elwood R. Brubaker Howard Douds William Eastment Winfield C. John James Kehler Neihl Williamson John C. Winter Jack A. Wolford Second 'Year James Allison Iohn Angelo Francis H. Gay Bruce Marget Thomas Ritter Hugh Rogers Harvey B. Snyder D. Ernest Witt First Tear James Lawrence Richard Paul Forrest Schumaker MUDD-"Paul de Kruif is one of the most gifted of bacteriologists, but in such a syncopated . . . . ,, . vein you might not recognize it. One Hundred Two First row: Brubaker, A. P. Miller, Wolford, Stine, Second row: Angelo, Rogers, Marget Loolo an East Williamson, Kennerdell, Stashalc. ment, Kehler. Third row: Gay, Keller, Snyder, Winter, Witt, Douds, Nagle. DR MILES O. COLXVELL ...... HOWARD E. STINE ........ JACK A. WOLFORD ........ PATRON . JOHN COOKE HIRST OFFICERS NEIHL WILLIAAMSON ....... ..............President Vfce'President . .......... Secretary .,......"I'reasu're'r HADDON-"Osler said, 'The physician who destroys hope destroys all.' " One Hundred Three JOHN B. DEAVER SURGICAL SOCIETY F O U N D E D 1 8 9 7 HE history of the john B. Deaver Surgical Society dates back to 1897, at which time a group of students organized in the interests of better surgery and good fellowship, As their patron they chose the thrice famous professor of surgery at the Lankenau Hospital, Dr. John B. Deaver. As a surgeon and as an advisor and inspirer of young men, he had no equal. For the next thirtyffive years, Dr. Deaver attended meetings with extreme regularity and contributed to the Society much wisdom and also, much happiness. Even now, one is enthralled by reading or listening to the memoirs of the great Professor. In 1932 upon the death of Dr. Deaver, his role as patron was assumed by Dr. George P. Muller, a former student and associate of Dr. Deaver, and also the first president of the Society. With the resignation of Dr. Muller in 1940, thc name of Deaver once more became intimately connected with the Society as Dr. J. Montgomery Deaver, son of the first patron, assumed role of advisor to the group. This year, we, again, found ourselves without a patron when Dr. Deaver left to serve in the Navy. We were fortunate beyond all expec' tations in securing Dr. Gilson C. Engel, general surgeon at the Lankenau Hospital, as our new patron. Dr. Engel served under the late Dr. Deaver and is not only very loyal to his memory, but has aroused in us a greater admiration for him. We have found our Society a definite con- tributor to our lives as medical students. Through it we have found a measure of justifiable relaxaf tion and diversion and in it we have discovered the inspiration to follow in the footsteps of the great men of surgery. UNDERGRADUATE MEMBERS Fourth 'Year Hugh L. Allen Bernard Coppolo Chester H. Golding, Ir. John H. Moyer james W. Parks Ira H. Rapp Robert A. Rupp Courtland Van Deusen Third 'Year Fred I. McDermott Edward Singleton Second Tear Joseph A. Buclrwalter, Ir. William V. Pittipoldi Floyd M. Hess, II Michael C. Luciano Malcolm Masten Morgan Milford john A. Sterner Robert C. Sutton Iames D. Weaver Franklin C. Werner First Tear .John Churchill Ralph Heifner Harold Hay Carl Friedericks Myron Kabo Maurice Schmoyer, Ir. Albert Shellen ADDISON-"Vesa1ius established the pineal as the seat of the soul, but further research has not substantiated it." One Hundred Four First row: Coppolo, Van Deusen, Allen, Dr. Gilson Third row: Luciano, Sterner, Weaver, Werner, Ma C. Engel, Parks, Rupp, Rapp. riani. Second row: Moyer, Sutton, Buckwalter, McDermott, Fourth row: Hess, Masten, Fittipoldi. Zinn, Milford. PATRON DR. GILSON C. ENGEL OFFICERS HUGH ALLEN ........ ............ P resident IAMES PARKS ........................... ....... V icefPresidenr FREDERICK j. MCDERMIHTT ........ ....... S ecretafy BERNARD L. CoPPoLo ........... .,.... T Teasurer STRECKER-"A great many functional symptoms adorn the One Hundred Five tip of the coccyxf' GEORGE A. PIERSOL ANATOMICAL SOCIETY F O U N D E D 1 9 0 9 HE George A. Piersol Anatomical Society was founded on March 3, 1909 by eleven members of the first year class who were especially interested in the study of Anatomy. Until 1924, the Society enjoyed the patronage of Dr. Piersol himself. Dr. A. P. C. Ashurst succeeded Dr. Piersol as patron. He, in turn, was followed in 1932 by Dr. William H. F. Addison, who has served most faithfully in that capacity ever since. Dr. Addison has added much to the Society and has ever been a faithful counselor and guide to the group. Since its organization, the Society has offered great stimulus to its members by means of numerous guest speakers, student papers, and senior case reports. Monthly meetings are held during the school term. Twice yearly the Society banquets at a hotel or club. The mid' ycar banquet is made possible through the generosity of Dr. Addison. The Society wishes to take this opportunity to express its appreciation to its speakers of the past year. UNDERGRADUATE MEMBERS Fourth Tear Harold G. Barker James T. Brooks Emerson Carpenter Swithin Chandler, Ir. Gaines L. Cooke Carl L. Gamba Alfred G. Green lack Iones Ralph Iones, Ir. Stewart Kephart Theodore A. Koerner Horace T. Lavely, Ir. William T. Livingston, II Kurt Manrodt, Ir. William F. McGuire joseph F. Rorke W. Edward Torrey, Ir. 'Third Tear Paul H. Bishop, Ir. Samuel O. Black, Jr. ' Ioseph T. Byrne Richard L. Chasse Iohn E. Fisher Iohn G. Hunter Charles W. Iobst Richard T. james, Ir. Charles S. Kambe Walter Keyting C. Hertzler Kurtz Harry W. McCurdy Felix Mick, Ir. John C. Moore Robert K. Moxon Fred I. Phillips, Ir. Edward I. Platz Paul O. Sather William M. Simons William P. Scarpitti Second 'Tear William I. Beckfield Frederick W. Coe Nicholas F. Conte Charles S. Herrick, jr. Paul C. Houston Charles R. Kiefer, Ir. Paul E. Kratz Robert D. Krudener joseph H. Marcy Robert B. Marshall, jr. Richard F. McClure James F. Wheeler First 'Year Earl Barker William A. Butcher james N. Diacumakos Kenneth F. Eather Henry A. Frye Harry E. Lore L. Quentin Meyers Homer S. Musgrave Henry G. Storrs. William H. Vogler JULIUS COMROE-"Give one intramuscular injection of oil soluble bismuth, then, as the Bible says, have him turn the other cheek." One Hundred Six First row: Torrey, Iobst, Rorke, Dr. William H. F. Fourth row: Diacumalcos, Conte, Fisher, Nolan, Addisfmi Green, HOUSTON, PISYZ- Bishop, Hunter, Lore, E. Barker. : 7 h , B 9 Y l . , f Seiglgbgow Hudson C asse yrne Moore Kurtz Fifth row: Keytmg, H. Barker, Simons, Black, Storrs, i Herrick. Third row: McClure, james, Steiger, Cooke, Koerner, Vogler, Butcher. Sixth row: Musgrave, Myers, Krudener, R. Jones. PATRON WILLIAM H. F. ADDISON, M.D. OFFICERS ALFRED G. GREEN ........ .............. P resident JOSEPH F. RORKE ........ ........ V icefPresidem PAUL C. HOUSTON, ....... ........ S ecvetary EDXVARD J. PLATZ ............. ............................... 'T 'feamwer WILLIAM F. SCARPITTI ........ ........ C ov-responding Secretary VVALKER--"Picture of atropin poisoning-red as a beet, blind as a bat, hot as a hare, dry as a bone, mad as a hatterf' One Hundred Seven WUME ' HE WOHlCHqS Medical Society of the Uni' versity of Pennsylvania was started in 1919, six years after the first woman entered the School of Medicine. That year it had eleven members. In 1942 there were twentyftwo under' graduate members and about as many alumnae. The latter make a loyal and sine qua non part of the group, for their recommendations, founded on experience, are always welcome. Activities include, Q11 a monthly meeting, at which students give brief case reports! and a member of the faculty or a visiting physician WOMEN'S MEDICAL SOCIETY F O U N D E D 1 9 1 9 discusses a topic of medical interestg CJ manage' ment of the box lunch on U.M.A. Dayg and Q31 the annual banquet and open meeting, at which a doctor, usually a woman, prominent in some field of medicine, gives the Riesman Memorial Lecture. The Society has had three very valuable pa' trons: Dr. J. C. Hirst until 1928, Dr. David Riesman until his death in 1940, and now, Dr. Riesman's close friend and associate, Dr. Truman G. Schnabel. UNDERGRADUATE MEMBERS Fourth 'Year Ruth Breitwieser Katherine Evans Frances Frank Virginia Graham Elizabeth Linson Ruth Steinke Margaret Storrs 'Third Tear Anne Cantlin Mary Hall Lillian Panzer Kravis Edith Torgan Bodsky Anne Wight Second 'Year Doris Bender Mary Brock Margaret Dilworth Louise Enterline ,lane Snowden First 'Year Eleanore Green Gloria Hansel Mary Larney Mary Redner Cynthia Swartley DE RENYI-"You're very brav to kom to medical school. Ven I turn on the steam heat, you vill find out how brav you really vere." One Hundred Eight First row: Wight, Breitwieser, Graham, Storrs, Kra- Second row: Swartley, Green, Larney, Hansel, Hall vis, Torgan, Redner. DR MARGARET S. STORRS ..... MARY B. HALL ........... ,. LILLIAN P. KRAVIS ....... LOUISE S. ENTERLINE ..... PATRON TRUMAN G. SCHNABEL OFFICERS .........P'resident VicefPresident Trezumwer .......SeC7'eta1y ELIASON-"When not to operate is often more important than when to operate' One Hlltldffll Nine FOUNDED 1940 I F C THE INTERFRATERNITY coUNcIL O I 0 N THE eighth of April, 1940, a group con- sisting of two members from each of five medical fraternities on the campus at the University of Pennsylvania brought into being the Interfraternity Council. It was established that the purposes of the Council were "to main' tain proper relations among the represented fra- ternities and to supervise any joint action." At the second meeting of the Council, the ad' mission of Nu Sigma Nu to the Council made it a power on campus with all the Gentile fra' tcrnities represented. Since its founding the Council has conducted the Annual fraternity rushing schedule in an intelligently well organized manner that has eliminated much of the "cut'throat" methods of former years. Each year it has sponsored an Interfraternity Ball for the purpose of increasing the social contacts of the fraternity members. This affair has always been attended with much success. OFFICERS JOSEPH MCGAHN ........ FRANK W. SHAFFER ......... W. EDWARD Toruusv, ja ....... Q .........P1eside-nt ..........Vice-President ........Secretary-'Treasurer WEINSTEIN-"Try your psychotherapy before her neighbors do." One Hundred Ten First raw: A. P. Miller, Shaffer, lVlcGahn, Torrey, Second row: Neumann, Viehe Phillips Kurtz Wil ,I ones. liamson. UNDERGRADUATE MEMBERS Alpha Kappa Kappa Joseph McGahn Niehl Williams Alpha M14 Pi Omega Frank W. Shaffer Charles Neumann Phi Chi Ralph Jones, Ir. Fred J. Phillips, Ir. Phi Rho Sigma A. Paul Miller Merle Bacastow Phi Beta Pi W. Edward Torrey C. Hertzler Kurtz Nu Sigma Nu. David B. Miller Robert Viehe STOKES-"It's obvious you're a virgin, Doctor! One usually likes to go to sleep after its all over." One Hundred Eleven MM LPHA OMEGA ALPHA was founded as a medical honor society at the Medical School of the University of Illinois on August 25, 1902. The Pennsylvania Beta Chapter was established at the University of Pennsylvania in 1903 as the sixth chapter of the national society. Through the ensuing years Alpha Omega Alpha has enjoyed a consistent growth, until at the present time there are forty'two active chapters, representing the highest ranking institutions of medical education in the United States and Canada. ALPHA OMEGA ALPHA FOUNDED - 1902 The aims of the Society are the promotion and recognition of scholarship in the broadest meaning of the term, and the encouragement and recognition of high attainment in all of the branches of medical science. The local chapter sponsors an open lecture annually for the medical students and faculty. The speaker at this occasion is selected on the basis of outstanding accomplishments in medical affairs. PATRON DR. TRUMAN G. SCHNABEL OFFICERS CHRISTIAN J. LAMBERTSEN ......... .. .. .......,. President Auousrnv T. Gioao.-mo ........ ............ V icefPresident RALPH JONES, JR ............. ....... S CCTCtdTy'TTCdS1LTCT University List Herman S. Belmont Augustin T. Giordano Martin G. Netsky Christian I. Lambertsen Leroy T. Barnes Robert B. Chodos Relvert I. Coe Ralph Jones, Ir. Richard T. Myers Andrew P. Miller Hrant H. Stone Morgan L. Zarfos Bruno L. Bonucci Stanley H. Lorber James L Wendell Everett I. Dunning joseph E. Snyder Harold P. Weaver Kenneth P. Bachman Gerald H. Amsterdam Theodore S. Stashak Robert A. Rupp Bernard H. Pastor David L. Crowell Louis Iaife Edna R. Breitwieser Irving H. Vv'exlar Leonard Malamut Virginia P. Graham Frank K. Mears, jr. JOHNSON--"So I decided-'What the hell.' " One Hundred 'Twelve William F. Beyer Penrod G. Hepfer Nathan P. Salner Jacob Spector Transfer List Asa R. Parham Edwin G. Bovill, Ir. Everett W. Czerny Robert J. Fleming Irvin L. Chipman, Jr. W. I. Jones S Harold G. Barker Theodore A. Koerner julius A. Howell Gaines L. Cooke First row: Coe, Barnes, Giordano, Dr. Truman G. Second ro W: Belmont, A. P. Miller, Bovill Meyers Schnabel, Lambertsen, Netsl-cy, Jones. Parham, Czerny. UNDERGRADUATE MEMBERS Leroy Theodore Barnes Herman Samuel Belmont Edwin Gladstone Bovill, Ir. Robert Bruno Chodos Relvert Iewell Coe Everett Watson Czerny Augustin Thomas Giordano Ralph Jones, jr. -Christian I. Lambertsen JULIUS COMROE-"It is a little bit more difficult to exte syphilis." One Hundred Thirteen Andrew Paul Miller Richard Thomas Myers Martin George Netsky Asa Richmond Parham Alumnus MCmb87 Colonel A. I. Canning, M.G,, U. S. Army IU. of P. Med. 19114-Elected at fall meeting, 19421 rminate the intermediary host in h NU SIGMA NU-LAMBDA CHAPTER N N FOUNDED 1882 U SIGMA NU was founded on March 2, 1882, at the University of Michigan by six junior medical students of that school, among whom was Will Mayo. These men wished to establish some sort of medical fraternity that would be interested in scholarship, in the def velopment of better teaching, and generally in the raising of medical education to a higher level. Today there are forty chapters of the fraternity in the United States and in Canada. On March 14, 1896, a group of ten students and two faculty members were installed at the University of Pennsylvania as Lambda Chapter of Nu Sigma Nu. The first house was at 36th and Locust Streets. The present house, at 3904 Spruce Street was obtained as a selffowned house in 1922 through the efforts of a strong Alumni Association. Q The present undergraduate membership is from many widely scattered states. To date, 496 Pennsylvanians have become members of Nu Sigma Nu. OFFICERS DAVID B. MILLER ...... ..................... .............. P 'r esidenr BLAINE Z. HIBB.KRD ...... ........ V 1'cefPresidenr FRANK W. SPICER, JR ......... ........... S ecretary ROBERT B. HUNTER ...... ....... T reasurer FRATRES IN FACULTATE John H. Arnett, M.D. Robert B. Brown, M.D. Clarence C. Briscoe, M.D. Ronald A. Christensen, M.D. Theodore L. Dehne, jr., M.D. -john C. Donnelly, M.D. Mervin Dresbach, M.D. William W. Dyer, M.D. Elmer V. Eyman, M.D. Harrison F. Flippin, M.D. Richard W. Garlichs, M.D. John C. Gittings, M.D. Donald W. Hastings, M.D. Charles S. Hertz, M.D. Arthur P. Hitchens, M.D. Ioseph F. Hughes, M.D. Calvin F. Kay, M.D. Raymond I. Kay, M.D. Paul O. Klingensmith, M.D. Iohn W. Klopp, M.D. Robert R. Layton, Ir., M.D. Esmond R. Long, M.D. Ames C. McGuinness, M.D. Craig W. Muckle, M.D. joseph T. Nicholson, M.D. Robert F. Norris, M.D. William T. Reed, M.D. Warren F. Sheldon, M.D. Iohn F. Stouffer, M.D. Willis D. Thompson, M.D. Edward G. Torrance, M.D. Charles A. Uhle, M.D. Joseph B. Vander Veer, M.D. john E. Webster, M.D. Francis C. Wood, M.D. WEINSTEIN-"It's the equivalent of 10,000 yeast cakes, lady." One Hundred Fourteen First row: McMain, Wendell, Hunter, Hibbard, Cook, Third raw: Pi-all, Moersch, Fawcett Teitgen Cham Murphy, Spicer. ness- F h :Hbb,F HH' Hbbdkh Second row: Sterrett, Viehe, Bush, Bingham, Mac- Dglgyerfo-Ly. 0 S lm, 0 mg I at 0 r Murtrie, Wade. Fifth row: Swenson, Sheridan, Remmer Allen Wil son, Golden. UNDERGRADUATE MEMBERS Fourth 'Year Second Tear James T. Anderson W. james Atkinson Joseph W. Cook E. Lillo Crain Blaine Z. Hibbard Colin B. Holman Robert B. Hunter W. Edward Lowe VV. A. Mclvlain David B. Miller George E. Murphy James l. VVendell, I Third 'Year L. Iohn Bingham joseph H. Deatsch Philip L. DeLong R. Alan Fawcett W. I. A. Maclvlurtr r. ie Frank W. Spicer. Ir. William N. Sterrett Robert W. Viehe G. Robert Wade Robert E. Allen Robert P. Bush James T. Chamness Wilton A. Doane Iohn H. Doane, Ir. Lester T. Hibbard Gilbert D. jay, III Robert Moersch Harry T. Remmcr, Ir F. P. Rohrmayer, I John E. Strang Ralph E. Teitgen First 'Tear Samuel L. DeLong Richard A. Fewell Iohn A. Fust Edward R. Golden Charles K. Hofling Edward R. Hobbs Alfred H. Magness Thomas S. Mebane Michael F. Sheridan Roy E. Swenson Edwin B. Wilson ' STRECKER-"Interested in collecting coins-old coins, I mean." One Hundred Fifteen I' ALPHA KAPPA KAPPA-MU CHAPTER F 0 U N D E D - - 1 8 8 8 EDICAL fraternities underwent a sudden growth during the latter years of the nine' teenth century. Among the first of these greek letter fraternities organized solely for medical students, was Alpha Kappa Kappa. The Fraternity was founded in 1888 at Dart' mouth Medical School. The object of its organizaf tion was the advancement of medical science, the promotion of good' fellowship, and the mutual benefit of its members. On March 30, 1901, Mu Chapter was instif tuted at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. It was the fourteenth Alpha Kappa Kappa chapter to be organized, since the original founding just thirteen years previously. The National Fraternity now has sixtyfone chapters throughout the United States and Canada. From the beginning, Mu Chapter has been a loyal chapter, standing well near the top among the medical fraternities at Pennsylvania. It has contributed numerous nationally recogf nized men to the field of medicine. Together with Epsilon Chapter, also located in Philaf delphia, Mu Chapter has entertained national conventions of the Fraternity. The present home of the Chapter is at 3900 Spruce Street. All Alpha Kappa Kappa alumni are welcome there at any time. OFFICERS JOSEPH L. MCGAHN ........ ...,............... WILLIAM E. BEYER ........ HOWARD N. Doups ........... WILLIAM C. ADAMSON ........ B. WILMER WING .......... ............President ................VicefP'resident ............Recording Secretary ........Co11-esponding Secretary ...........................TTEdSUTCT F RATRES IN FACULTATE Harvey Barth, Ir., M.D. Oscar V. Batson, M.D. Charles A. Behney, M.D. Francis I. Braceland, M.D. Walter L. Cariss, M.D. Ralph Deterling, M.D. Paul Dumke, M.D. Charles E. Eisenhower, M.D. David I... Farley, M.D. james A. Flaherty, M.D. Nathaniel Gildersleeve, M.D. John E. Griffiths, M.D. Frederic H. Leavitt, M.D. Robert H. Lofgren, M.D. Balduin Lucke, M.D. Theodore E. Orr, M.D. Duane G. Sonneborn, M.D. Edward A. Strecker, M.D. john H. Stokes, M.D. F. William Sunderman, M.D. Frederick D. Weidman, M.D. Charles C. Wolferth, M.D. DE RENYI-"Your feet do not belong beside your microscope." One Hundred Sixteen ,. L Front row: Kenner-dell, Goodwin, Wing, McGahn, Beyer, Chipman, Czerny. Second row: Adamson, Eastment, Gross, Cline, John Colwell, Williaiiison, Douds. Third row: Todd, Ostergard, Brandenburg, Thrush Shorey, Gile, Lamhertsen, Reid. Fourth row: Lawrence, Frost, Lynch, Marger, Rogers Maguire, Angelo. Fifth row: Kehler, Bove, Hopper, Brown, Ritter McClain, Boaz, Dove. v Sixth row: Brunt, Madonna, Keeler, Allison, Mere schak, Speese, Kleckner. l Seventh row: Wenhold, Schumacher, Griffiths Blakemore, Cummings. UNDERGRADUATE MEMBERS Fourth Tear Class William F. Beyer I. Lewis Chipman Frank Cline, Ir. Miles O. Colwell Everett W. Czerny Rufus C. Goodwin Edward H. Kennerdell Christian Lamhertsen .x . In Ioseph L. McGahn Theodore S. Stashak Third Year Class William C. Adamson Robert O. Brandenburg Howard N. Douds William H. Eastment ,lohn H. Gile Kenneth E. Gross Winheld C. John james G. Kehler Richard V. Lynch Vincent DCP. Maguire Kay N. Ostergard J. J. Rowland Reid Winston K. Shorey Edward E. Steinhardt Lawrence B. Thrush John C. Todd James W. Watson Neihl I. Williamson B. Wilmer XVing Second Tear Class ,lames H. Allison john I. Angelo Frank A. Bove Ernest M. Brown Frederick D. Dove Iohn W. Frost John B. Hopper Bruce R. Marger Fred H. McClain ELIASON-"Look for a little dark boy in t One Hundred Seventeen F i Thomas I. Ritter Hugh I. Rogers rst 'Year Class William S. Blakemore Willard D. Boaz Harry H. Brunr, lr. Celestino Clemente Archer P, Crosley George O. Cummings, jr. William T. Donner Charles Q. Griffiths Robert W. Keeler Martin S. Kleckner, jr. james E. Lawrence Robert C. Lyons Harry M. Madonna Robert M. McAllister Volmer A. Mereschak Richard C. Paul Forrest V. Schumacher Donald V. Speesc Roy A. Wenhold he brush heap." COMBINATION in 1905 of the Phi Chi Medical Society, founded in 1889 at the University of Vermont, and the Phi Chi Medical Fraternity, founded at the University of Louisville in 1894, was the starting point of the present Phi Chi Medical Fraternity, which now has sixtyfseven chapters spread throughout the United States and Canada. Upsilon Pi was chartered in 1908 at the University of Pennsylf vania and stands twentieth in order of the largest medical fraternity in the country. PHI CHI--UPSILON PI CHAPTER F O U N D E D - 1 8 8 9 Upsilon Pi has its chapter house at 3611 Locust Street, where more than live hundred ac' tive members and alumni meet when in Philadelf phia, and where all members of Phi Chi are always welcome, be it for postefootball game celebration, an alumni meeting, or better still for a visit. ' Upsilon Pi strives to further the spirit of unity in the medical profession throughout the country, a spirit that is most urgently needed in these times. OFFICERS RICHARD MEYERS ........ JAMES W. PARKS ........... THOMAS S. Rovsrrsa ......... .......... SAMUEL O. BLACK. ....... ....... . MALCOLM IVIASTEN ....... WINSTON TAYLOR ......... JOSEPH T. BYRNE ......... FRED J. PHILLIPS ....... .....Presiding Senior, First Semester .Presiding Senior, Second Semester Presiding junior, First Semester .Presiding junior, Second Semester ...............Secretary, First Semester ........Secretary, Second Semester ................................Treasurer ......Steward FRATRES IN FACULTATE William P. Belk, M.D. David A. Cooper, M.D. James E. Cottrell, M.D. Iulian johnson, M.D. William B. Hater, M.D. Richard A. Kern, M.D. Thomas H. Llewellyn, M.D. Franklin L. Payne, M.D. Eugene P. Pendergrass, M.D. Isiclor S. Ravdin, M.D. Gabriel Tucker, M.D. E. Arthur Whitney, M.D. JULIUS COMROE-"Plasmochin could be used in the treatment of malaria in mosquitoes, but itis very difficult to get the little fellows to take the drug regularly." One Hundred Eighteen Fourth 'Year First row: Powell, E. Phillips, Black, Parks, Meyers, Rorke, Jones. Second row: Mattson, Herrick, Conte, Byrne, Moore Hudson, Parham. Third row: Eyster, Pressly, Cooke, Sather, Manrodt Hughes, Golding. Fourth row: Brooks, Hepfer, Sterner, R. King, How ard, Moyar, Smith. Fifth row: Macht, Delsone, Houston, J. Murphy, Edwards, Seitz. Sixth row: Spaeth, Williams, Boatwi-ight, Culberson, Romero, Blalock. Seventh row: Eather, Phillips, Ravdin, Knud-Hansen, Laigon, Kendrick, Coppedge. UNDERGRADUATE MEMBERS Third 'Year Second 'Year First 'Year Edwin C, Bovill J. Taylor Brooks Gaines L. Cooke C. Clayton Dahlberg E. Jackson Dunning William Eyster Gus E. Forbes, Jr. Chester H. Golding, Penrod G. Hepfer Julius S. Howell Jack Hughes Ralph Jones, Jr. Kurt Manrodt John B. Moyar Richard Meyers Asa Parham James W. Parks James H. Powell Samuel O. Black, Jr. John Blalock Charles Bratenahl Joseph T. Byrne Richard Chasse James E. Davis George Eckley Harold Gamble Marshall Guthrie Richard Henry Manning Hudson John Gray Hunter Frederick McDermott John McDevitt Harry C'Rear Fred Phillips Ralph Pipes James Piver Thomas S. Royster Paul Sather Hugh Smith Lowry Pressly Joseph F. Rorke Frederick Coe Nicholas Conte Bruce Corneal William Fittipoldi George G. Graham Carlton Herrick John Howard Paul Houston Robert T. King John Knud'Hansen Rohert Marshall Malcolm Maston Morgan Milford Fontaine Moore Phillip Seitz John Sterner Winston Taylor William Turville James E. Wheeler Hugh H. Bennett, Jr. Robert M. Boatwright Richard Bodtke Vrfesley M. Brock James Cancelmo Richard Coppedge Arthur Culberson Charles DeL0ne Kenneth Eather William S. Edwards James Hickman Richard L. Kendrick Eugene Laigon Elmer L. Macht William W. Mattson Robert N. McLeod, J John J. Murphy William A. Phillips Robert G. Ravdin Calixto Romero Phillip G. Spaeth Samuel C. Williams JOHN H. STOKES-"Don't leave the room by the transom!" One Hundred Nineteen P E PHI RHO SIGMA-LAMBDA PHI CHAPTER FOUNDED - - - 1890 OR more than half a century Phi Rho Sigma has flourished in forty medical schools through' out the United States and Canada. The fraternity was founded at the North' western University in 1890 and since that time has become established in many other schools, including the University of Pennsylvania. Sixteen years after the founding of Alpha Chapter, Dr. Joseph McFarland was chiefly instrumental in bringing Phi Rho to Philadelphia and MedieofChi. With the absorption of Medicof Chirurgical College in 1917, Lambda Phi be' came established at the University of Pennsyl- vania. At the present time Dr. McFarland is Emeritus Professor of Pathology at the University. Throughout the country are more than 14,000 Phi Rho alumni whose maintenance of an active interest in the undergraduate chapters is largely instrumental in their firm bond. The fraternity, although to some extent a social organization, is primarily devoted to the development of the professional side of its members. The unity of the various chapters is also main' tained, in addition. to its alumni, by a National Chapter, whose Student Loan Fund, Convenf tion, and publication of the Phi Rho Journal are but several of its achievements. OFFICERS A. PAUL MILLER .......... ............,......... .............. P r esrdent BERNARD L. COPPOLO ......... JACK A. WOLFORD ........ ELwooo R. BRUBAKER ....... JOHN H. Moran ............. ........VicefPresident ...........Secretary .............Treasurer .........House Manager Basil R. Beltran, M,D. Everett Bishop, M.D. Earl D. Bond, M,D. Andrew Callahan, M.D. Andrew Callahan, III, M.D. George W. Chamberlin, M.D. Ioseph C Doane, M.D. Alexander Fewell, M.D. James Forrester, M.D. Henry U. Hopkins, M.D. P. Boland Hughes, M.D. George Iohnson, M.D. Robert Kimbrough, M.D. Henry S. Kinloch, M.D. PAYNE-"Menstruation-the physiological weeping of the disappointed womb. FRATRES IN FACULTATE Harry E. Knox, M.D. Curt W. Lindquist, M.D. George M. Markley, M.D. Ioseph McFarland, M.D. james S. McGuire, M.D. George H. Meeker, Ph.D., Sc.D. joseph V. Missett, M.D. Steven Mitterling, M.D. C. Howard Moore, M.D. L Warren S. Reese, M.D. Charles B. Reynolds, M.D. Jay B. Rudolphy, M.D. Harold Scheie, M.D. Russell C. Seipel, M.D. Paul H. Shaffer, M.D. Samuel R. Slcillern, M.D. john E. Smaltz, M,D. Herbert I. Smith, M.D. Harry E. Morton, Sc.D. Johannes F. Pessel, M.D. Walter R. Peterson, M.D. Arthur W. Phillips, M.D. Donald M, Pillsbury, M.D. Melvin T. Trumbull, M.D. George L. Whelan, M.D. Theodore S. Wilder, M.D. Ernest G. Williamson, M.D. if One Hundred 'Twenty Fourth 'Year Vdaltcr S. First row: Keller, Rupp, Allen, A. P. Miller,'Wol- ford, Rapp, Moyer. Second row: Van Deusen, Brubaker, J. Weaver, Ma- riani, Nagle, Witt, Bacastow, Schmoyer. Third row: Nadal, Sutton, Guerin, Luciano, Gundel, Looloian, Stine. Fourth row: Gleckler, Joiner, Zinn, Sherk, Churchill. Fifth row: Martin, Werner, Buckwalter, Friedericks Olin, Kabo, Winter. Sixth row: Kough, Heffner, Parvin, Grebe, Biggane Thoma. Seventh row: Hess, Wiest, Thompson, Coleman Ro wan, Snyder, Gay, Sidwell, Scheflin, Hay. UNDERGRADUATE MEMBERS Olin First 'Year Hugh L. Allen Bernard L. Coppolo Philip D. Croncmiller John C. Winter Jack A. Wolford Second 'Tear Lynwood V. Keller Joseph A. Buckwalter Kenneth P. Lambert Francis H. Gay Wilbert M. Looloian W. James Gleckler A. Paul Miller Floyd M. Hess John H. Moyer Bennett A. Joiner M. Hcktor Nadcl Michael S. Luciano Arlington A. Nagle Roland A. Mariani Ira H. Rapp Robert VV. Parvin Robert A. Rupp Harvey P. Sidwell Howard E. Stine Harvey B. Snyder Courtland Van Deusen Robert C. Sutton Third Tear Merle S. Bacastow Elwood R. Brubaker Frederick C. Coleman James D. Weaver Frank C. Werner D. Ernest Witt John B. Zinn, Jr. Charles F. Biggane John A. Churchill Carl W. Friedericks Jack A. Grebe Paul F. Guerin Robert E. Gundel Harold Hay Ralph F. Heliner Myroii P. Kabo Robert H. Kough Paul J. Rowan Albert E. Scheflin M. Raymond Schmo Carl R. Sherlc George NN. Thoma Earle B. Thompson Hiram L. Wiest JIMMY-"My boy, it's either psychic or it's mental." One Hundred Twenty-one yer PHI BETA PI-ALPHA SIGMA CHAPTER F O U N D E D ---- 1 8 9 1 HI BETA PI Medical Fraternity was founded on March 10, 1891, at the University of Western Pennsylvania, now the University Of Pittsburgh. The purpose behind its Organizaf tion was to provide full democratic opportunities for the Open discussion of non-technical prob' lems relating to medicine. The fraternity has consistently concerned itself with promoting dis- cussion of medical economics, medical ethics, and political activities involving physicians. Alpha Sigma Chapter of the University Of Pennsylvania developed through the efforts of ten students at the University who had been members Of the fraternity elsewhere. On April 12, 1919 this group initiated eight men into Phi Beta Pi, following which installation of the Alpha Sigma Chapter took place. The first Medical Lectureship was established by Phi Beta Pi. At present, there are twelve annual Phi Beta Pi lectureships conducted by the individual chapters in their respective schools. OFFICERS W. EDWARD TORREY, JR ........ THEODORE A. KOERNER ........ ALFRED G. GREEN ......... CHARLES W. Iossr .,.......... Da. ROY G. W1LL1.sMs ......... ..............President ........VicefPresident ..........T'reasure1' .................Secretary ........Faculty Advisor FRA RES IN FACULTATE T i William H. F. Addison, M.D. Henry C. Bazett, M.D. Albert E. Bothe, M.D. , Raymond W. Brust, M.D. Eliot R. Clark, M.D. Iohn D. Corbit, M.D. Edward T. Crossan, M.D. R. S. Diazfliivera, M.D. Lerleen C. Hatch, M.D. William A. Jeffers, M.D. Paul N. Jepson, M.D. Iames H. Jones, Ph.D. Clarence S. Livingood, M.D. Paul A. Loefllad, M.D. Thomas E. Machella, M.D. Bartgis McGlone, Ph.D. P. Starr Pelouze, M.D. A- Iean Piatt, Ph.D. Carl F. Schmidt, M.D. Benjamin F. Souders, M.D. . Lloyd W. Stevens, M.D. Roy G. Williams, M.D. . D. XVright Wilson, Ph.D. Charles I. Zinn, M.D. HADDON-"The best treatment of syphilis is still prevention. It has made all the proper journals, including the Ladies' Home Journal." One Hundred Twentyftwo Front row: Iobst, H. Barker, Koerner, Torrey, Green, Fisher, Platz. I Third row: Lore, E. Barker, Keyting, Bishop, Dia- cumakos, Filsinger, Musgrave. Fourth row: McClure, Horn, Nolan, Simons, Storrs, Second row: Steiger, Moore, James, Vogler, Kurtz, Kiefer. Glassmire, Butcher. Fifth row: Krudener, Meyers, Kratz. UNDERGRADUATE MEMBERS Fourth Tear Second 'Tear Harold G. Barker Carl Gamba Alfred G. Green W. ,lack jones S. Bruce Kephart Theodore A. Koerner William T. Livingston W. Edward Torrey, Ir. Robert Vkfortmann 'Third 'Year Paul Bishop Iohn E. Fisher Charles W. lobst Richard T. James, Ir. Walter Keyting C. Hertzler Kurtz Felix Mick I. C. Moore Robert Moxon Edward I. Plarz William Simons Carl W. Filsinger Charles R. Glassmire C. Raymond Kiefer Paul E. Kratz Robert D. Krudener joseph H. Marcy Richard McClure Myron Nichols Robert Wiemer Merle Woolmington First 'Year Earl Barker William A. Butcher Mark Ciccantelli james Diacumakos Harold R. Horn Harry Lore Homer S. Musgrave L. Quentin Myers Iohn Nolan William A. Steiger William H. Vogler ELIASON-"Keep the belly down and the chemistry up." One Hundred Twenty-three A M H Q ALPHA MU PI OMEGA-ALPHA CHAPTER FOUNDED - - - 1891 HE Alpha Chapter of Alpha Mu Pi Omega is one of the oldest medical fraternities at the University of Pennsylvania. Founded origin' ally as a graduate fraternity with the object "to foster fraternal relations among graduates and undergraduates of the medical profession and to cultivate helpful social intercourse," the fra- ternity attempts to perpetuate this most desirable tradition. Undergraduate members are technically "on probation" until at graduation, a diploma signifying full membership in the fraternity is awarded. For many years the fraternity met only once a month under more formal circumstances, but it Hnally became evident that much would be gained by having a fraternity of its own. Since 1922 Alpha Mu Pi Omega has occupied its house on McAlpin Street, where almost daily for the past twenty years undergraduates have gathered to eat, relax, study, talk, and develop friendships, and where once a month both graduates and undergraduates attend the formal meetings. Up to the present there have been 879 members received into the local chapter of which 56 are undergraduates now in school. OFFICERS FRANCIS H. ADLER ....... FRANK W. SHAFFER ....... FRANK K. MEARS, JR ........ ELLIOT F. MAGUIRE ......... ARTHUR I. MURPHY, JR ...... DAYTON T. K1EsEwETTER ........ ..............President ...............VicefPresident ...........Recording Secretary .......Cor1esponding Secretary .........................Treasurer ......Warden FRATRES IN FACULTATE W. Osler Abbott, M.D. Francis H. Adler, M.D. I. Harold Austin, M.D. Iames H. Babbitt, M.D. Detlev W. Bronk, Ph.D., Sc.D. Carl Bachman, M.D. Henry P. Brown, M.D. Charles W. Burr, M.D. Edward H. Campbell, M.D. john K. Clark, M.D. George M. Coates, M.D. George S. deRenyi, M.D. Robert D. Dripps, M.D. William C. Ely, M.D. William E. Ehrich, M.D. L. Kraeer Ferguson, M.D. Wilfred E. Fry, M.D. George D. Gammon, M.D. Francis C. Grant, M.D. Thomas Gucker, III, M.D. George C. Ham, M.D. William Hewson, M.D. John Y. Howson, M.D. Walter Hughson George L. Hoffman, M.D. Robert H. Ivy, M.D. George I. P. Keefer, M.D. Frederick H. Krauss, M.D. Edward B. Krumbhaar, M.D. William O. LaMotte, M.D. Edwin L. Lane, M.D. Francis D. W. Lukens, M.D. I. Francis Mahoney, M.D. Richard L. Masland, M.D. james B. Mason, M.D. Daniel I. McCarthy, M.D. Grayson P. McCouch, M.D. lvlorton McCutcheon, M.D. Douglas P. Murphy, M.D. D. Sergeant Pepper, M.D. William Pepper, M.D. Iohn R. Reisman, M.D. Harold Robertson, M.D. Francis Schumann, M.D. Iohn P. Scott, M.D. Norman P. Shumway, M.D. C. Harrison Snyder, M.D. William H. Steele, M.D. Alfred Stengel, Ir., M.D. William P. Stewart, M.D. Joseph Stokes, Ir., M.D. L. James Talbot, M.D. Louis H. Twyelfort, M.D. George W. Wagoner, Ir., M.D Horatio C. Wood, jr., M.D. Harold A. Zintel, M.D. Edward McLaughlin, M.D. E. LeRoy Mercer, M.D. JOHNSON-"If you do that, Doc-you'll hemolyze hell out of him!" One Hundred '1'wenty'four First row Lewis, McCune, Mears, Shaffer, A. Mur- Fourth row: Smith, B. King, Stewart, Day, Farquhar, phy Maguire, Silvers. Lewis, Drinker, Taylor. Second raw: Longaker, Neumann, Kerr, Witmer, Fiflh row: Lockwood, Page, Reisner, Ewing, Sumner, Roberts, Newton, Davis, Byers. Pfeifer, Harvey. Third row: Moore, Forster, MacNamara, Miller, Par- Sixth row: O'Neal, Vogel, Eiman, Austin, Kelton, ker Coursin, Schnabel, Coates. Longaker. Fourth Tear F. Robert Downey Walter S. Kerr, lr. Robert V. Lewis William W. McCune Elliot F. Maguire Frank K. Mears, Ir. Michael Newton Frank W, Shaffer Arthur H. Silvers john Sinnott, Ir. Lawrence Taylor Robert VV. Tilney, Ir. Third 'Year Robert E. Booth Robert A. Buyers Edward O. Coates D. Baird Coursin Sidney Davis, II Robert E. Forster, Il u UNDERGRADUATE MEMBERS Frederick B. Frisch David T. Iennings Edwin Downs Longaker William A. McNamara Arthur I. Murphy, Ir. Charles P. Neumann Paul Parker Brooke Roberts Truman G. Schnabel, Ir. Robert H. Witmer Second Tear Henry D. Gorman, III Robert M. Day john D. Farquhar Dayton T. Kiesewetter Benton D. King George C. Lewis, Ir. Samuel R. Moore Rowan C. Pearce, Ir. joseph H. Perry, Ir. DE RENYI-"The osteoclasts do not eat the bone." One Hundred 'I'werityffiue Edward A. Smith Ashton T. Stewart F irst 'Year G. Lawrence Austin Iohn O. Bower, Ir. Henry M. Drinker john W. Eiman james H. Ewing john K. Harvey Franklin C. Kelton Robert Lockwood William D. Longaker Vifilliam H. Miller Alex H. O'Neal Robert G. Page Robert T. Pfeiffer Lewis G. Reisner George G. Snively George R. Sumner Adolph VJ. Vogel w 4J . ME HE Kappa Pi Chapter of the Phi Delta Epsilon Medical Fraternity was founded at the Uni' versity of Pennsylvania in 1915. Thus conf tinues the progressive spread of the Fraternity which had Hrst come into being on October 13, 1904 at Cornell University Medical School. The initial chapter, Alpha Alpha, was joined within the next years by chapters established at Bellevue, Columbia, and at Long Island Hospital College. A major event in its history was the absorpf tion of the Alpha Phi Sigma Fraternity by the Phi Delta Epsilon Fraternity. This took place on December 28, 1918 and established one of the PHI DELTA EPs1LoN-KAPPA PI CHAPTER F o U N D E D 1 9 o 4 largest medical fraternities in the United States. With subsequent expansion, fiftyfone chapters now make up the National Fraternity extending throughout the United States and Canada. The most recently established chapter was founded in 1932 at the Emory University Medical School at Atlanta, Ga. The first Graduate Club was founded in New York in 1913 and the latest in Minneapolis in 1937, making a total of seventeen. The life membership is one of the largest of any medical fraternity. OFFICERS STANLEY H. LORBER ........ LEONARD L. MALAMUT ......... NATHAN .P. SALNER .......... PAUL T. MAKLER ....... HERBERT SALIS .............. SANFORD A. MARCUS ........ ALFRED S. CONSTON ........... GER.KLD H. AMSTERDAM ........ ..............Consul ........VicefConsul .......Chancello'r ......Senato'r ..................Sc'ribe .......Assistant Scribe ................Historian .......Se'rgeant-atfarms FRATRES IN FACULTATE I. D. Aronson, M.D. Ernest A. Brav, M.D. Herman B. Cohen, M.D. Bernard I. Comroe, M.D. Iulius H. Comroe, M.D. Henry Dintenfass, M.D. Nathan Einhorn, M.D. Matthew S. Ersner, M.D. Harry Fields, M.D. Benjamin Gouley, M.D. Sigmund S. Greenbaum, M.D. William Hartz, M.D. Irving H. Leopold, M.D. jack D. Leebron, M.D. Nathaniel M. Levin, M.D. Leslie Nichols, M.D. Abraham M. Ornsteen, M.D. William Perloff, M.D. Rudolph L. Roddy, M.D. Bernard I. Ronis, M.D. Philip S. Rosenblum, M.D. Max Ruttenberg, M.D. Gabriel A. Schwartz, M.D. Hyman I. Segal. M.D. Irwin Stein, M.D. Martin Steinberg, M.D. Henry Tumen, M.D. Morris A. Weinstein, M.D. ELIASON--"They would have caught me with my suspenders at half mast." One Hundred Twentyfsix Front raw Conston Pastor, Amsterdam, Lorber, Crowell Chodos Baum. Second row Salis Cutler, Keyser, Belmont, Malcler, Waksman Marcus Rosenbloom. l Third row: Feuerstein, Penn, Gimbel, Goslield, Coe, Freedman, Volk. Fourth row: Garlinlrle, Meyer, Salus, Mancall, Port- ner, Barol. Fifth row: Friedman, Arons, Hallinger. UNDERGRADUATE MEMBERS Fouvth 'Year Gerald H. Amsterdam O. Eugene Baum Herman S. Belmont Robert B. Chodos Relvert I. Coe Alfred S. Conston David L. Crowell Stanley H. Lorber Leonard L. Malamut Bernard H. Pastor Nathan P. Salner Robert T. Wallach Third Tear Sidney Brenner Sidney Friedman Milton B. Garfinkle Paul T. Makler Harold S. Medoff Herbert Salis Byron H. Waksman Second Tear Walter N. Arons Daniel H. Barol Irvin Cutler Marshall A. Freedman Lester H. Gershenfeld Nicholas S. Gimbel Edward Gosfield, jr. Morton Keyser Sanford A. Marcus Irwin T. Mancall Sidney W. Penn lay H. Portner Alex M. Rosenblum, Jr. Karl Salus Murray Y. Silver Herbert Volk Fi1st 'Year Isidore Cohn, Ir. Stanley M. Feuerstein Leonard N. Hallinger Alvin 1. Meyer Nathaniel Winkelnman, Ir. WALKER ' Belladonna Ibeautiful ladyl paralyzes accommodation without making them less accommodating." One Hundred 'Twentyfseven FOUNDED 1907 Q A K PHI LAMBDA KAPPA-ALPHA CHAPTER HE Alpha Chapter of Phi Lambda Kappa was initially the first chapter of a Hebrew letter fraternity, Aleph Yodh He, formed at th: University of Pennsylvania on November 13, 1909. The group was recognized by the Univerf sity on January 14, 1910. Dr. Simon Flexner, then of the Pathology Department, became the first honorary member. He has been followed by Dr. Julius Rogoff, Endrocrinologist, Dr. Bela Shick, Pediatrician, and Dr. Walter Schiller, Gynecologist. Chapters were instituted at the Medico-Chi' rurgical College, Jefferson Medical College, and the University of Maryland Medical College soon after the formation of the original group. At a meeting in Chicago in 1921, Aleph Yodh He amalgamated with the Phi Lambda Kappa Fraternity, which had been founded in Chicago ill 1907. The National Fraternity now has many underf graduate chapters, has alumni clubs in many cities throughout the country, and has an active group of life members. A journal of the fra' ternity is published quarterly during the school year to keep its farflung members informed of fraternity affairs. OFFICERS JACOB SPECTER ....... IRVING WExL.AR ......... WILLIAM WE1ss, JR ........ JEROME KANEVSKY ....... ...........P1esident .........Vice-President ..........Tv'easu'rer ........Sec'reta1'y FRATRES IN FACULTATE Herman Beerman, M.D. Adolph Creskoif, M.D. Arthur M. Dannenberg, M.D. Ioseph Ederken, M.D. Arthur Feibus, M.D. Philip Gottleib, M.D. Victor Hirsch, M.D. Philip I. Hodes, M.D. David N. Husik, M.D. S. Leon Israel, M.D. ,lacob K. Jaffe, M.D. Louis Kaplan, M,D. David Kremer, M.D. George E. Lieberman, M.D. Louis M. Lieberman, M.D. Frank E. Leivy, M.D. Gottlieb Levinthal, M.D. Matthew Molitch, M.D. Meyer Naide, M.D. Herman W. Ostrum, M.D. Joseph A. Ritter, M.D. Adolph Schecter, M.D. Gabriel Schwartz, M.D. Leon Schwartz, M.D. Louis Segal, M.D. Benjamin Shuster, M.D. Bertram Shaffer, M.D. julian Sterling, M.D. David Turnotf, M.D. Marin Wendkos, M.D. Iulius Winston, M.D. George Weinstein, M.D. RAVDIN-"Pain at rest in bed at night means gallbladder." One Hundred '1"we11tyfeight First row: Polin, W. Weiss, Specter, Kanevsky, Wex- Second row: Rosen, Goldberg Levmstone, A Weiss lar. Barlcan, Sampson. UNDERGRADUATE MEMBERS Fourth 'Year Edward Polin Jacob Specter Irving Viexlar Third 'Year Icromc Kancvsky Vvlilliam Vviciss, I Second 'Year Harold Goldberg First 'Year F. Norman Barkan Bertram Lcvinstone Robert H. Rosen Martin Sampson Albert Vwiciss SCHMIDT-"Two duties of a physician-'Primo non noceri'-first of all-thou shalt do no harm' 'Necesse est a liquid dare'-It is necessary to ive somethin s g S One Hundred 'T'u'enty-nine The School at War Washington, D.C. October 5, 1942. My dear Mr. Torrey: Your most timely letter was received while I was absent from the city, therefore the delay in making reply. To say that the University of Pennsylvania has con- tributed gloriously to the Medical Department of the United States Navy for more than a century would be but to repeat a well known fact. To review the achievements of her medical graduates in the service of their country would require far more space than is practicable in this letter of THE 1945 SCOPE. Nevertheless, a few words on those subjects may be in order. Today your Naval Medical Specialists' Unit is per- forming with distinction. Members of the faculty of the Medical School of the University of Pennsylvania are actively engaged in postgraduate instruction of naval medical offi- cers, notably in cooperation with the U.S. Naval Hospital at Philadelphia. At sea, in the field, here in the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery - wherever you find the Navy in numbers you are almost certain to find a Pennsylvania medical repre- sentative. Theirs is the honor of maintaining traditions set by Kane, Cutbush, Barton and other naval surgeons whom your alma mater trained or influenced. They are doing it, too. In this war, however, they, too, can serve who complete their medical education. Of course, the medical student will chafe impatiently in his classroom and laboratory as other young men of his age are stepping into uniform. Let his restlessness, his doubt that he is doing his part, be tempered by this reflection: The most effective way I can serve my country in this war, and in the days following the war, is by carrying through my training to the point where I may engage in the practice of medicine. Doctors are needed now, by the Army and the Navy and the Public Health Service and the Nation's civilian communities. The need will be no less next year or five years hence. The practitioner whose patients are factory workers or housewives is helping prosecute this conflict no less than the one who is in the armed forces. To those medical students who detect in themselves a list toward the Navy, I would say, first, complete your edu- cation. Consult your dean about our Special Class Reserve. Bear down on pathology, on tropical diseases, on preventive and military medicine. Learn what the Navy offers the young doctor who is particularly interested in aviation, sub- marines, deep diving, epidemiology and numerous other spe- cialties. But first, and I repeat, earn your degree. All this is with the proviso, of course, that you have made up your mind to follow a medical career. Otherwise, you might as well join the Army or Navy now. With best wishes for the success of THE 1943 SCOPE, I remain, Very truly yours, ROSS T. McINTIRE Rear Admiral, Medical Corps Surgeon General, U.S.N. Fran! row: Brown, Ferguson, Kern, Schenck, Nicholson. Second row: Wigton, Godfrey, Rode, Montgomery, Farnsworth, Sileox. 'lllll Cll00L AT WAR HE service flag in the main hall of the hospital has on it some one hundred seventy hlue stars. Of that numher ahout ninety represent men who formerly taught us and whom we expected would he here this year as usual, hut we were definitely mistaken. December seventh brought Pearl Harbor. The University, hoth Hospital and Medical School, responded immediately to the needs of the nation as it has always done in times of crisis. Dr. Ravdin flew, almost at once, to Pearl Harhor to determine the efficiency of prevailing methods of treatment and means hy which these could he improved. The Navy Unit, composed of twelve doctors and formed as long ago as 1939 under the leadership of Dr. Kern at the request of the Surgeon General, was put in final readiness to await further orders. Arrangements were also concluded for the Army Unit, which compriws some sixty doctors and, like the naval group, was formed at the request of the Surgeon General hy the University of Pennsylvania approximately one year hefore Pearl Harhor with Dr. Ravdin as its chief. It, too, awaited final orders. The Navy Unit, officially known as the United States Navy Medical Specialist Unit Numher 31. was the first to depart. One Monday morning fFehruary 2. 19421 Dr. Kern gave a medicine lecture in his usual long white coat: but with a verv naval looking tie and trousers. Our suspicions were verified when he concluded the hour hy saying, "This is my swan song, For the second time in my life we are at war. I won't he lecturing to you again and prohahly not to the next few classes. I wish you all the hest of everything and I hope that hy the time you're through interning. this fracas will he over." One H ll'l1tlTCL'l 'l'liirty-tli1'ee Still, with the not infrequent slowness of 'things oflicial, the Unit did not leave Philadelphia until March twentyffourth and it was April twentyffourth before a convoy arrived in San Francisco to escort them to someplace in the Pacific. On board ship, dominoes fno electric trainslj proved a popular pastime. Some of the men had not previously crossed the equator and thus had not met Neptune. They have now- in the person of Dr. Schenck who ruled as King Neptune and had the faces of all initiates soaped and shaved with xi wooden razor, after which they were made to crawl through barrels filled with lamp black and, on emerging, were well paddled. Dr. Fergusorfs chance to Hre at an aeroplane came sooner than he expected. Everyone was at dinner when the alarm was given of a 'plane overhead and "Battle stations" was ordered. The fact that the aeroplane proved to be the morning star did not deter Fergy. He fired a few shots anyhow. In due time the convoy reached an unidentified island in the Pacific, but the hospital ship had not yet arrived. Two more weeks of waiting. On the twentyfiifth of May the U.S.S. Solace arrived, a 450 bed hospital ship with two operating rooms, a fracture room, a sixty bed surgical ward and all the latest equipment, Dr. Kern, who served as a doctor in World War I on a ship called the Solace, describes one limitation of the equipment in "the nonfavailability of Xfray while we are underway, lest short wave emanations betray our position." At the time of the Battle of Midway, Dr. Ferguson said they were busier than usual and later a news broadcast revealed that our hospital unit and the one from johns Hopkins were caring for the wounded from the Solomon Islands. More recent letters from Dr. Ferguson give glimpses of their work. "We really have had the most interesting experience of any of them unless it be the doctors in the Solomon Islands. We are doing traumatic surgery almost entirely-foreign bodies, compound fractures, lacerated contused wounds-and we are still sold on the micro' sulfathiazol. There are lots of peripheral nerve injuries but very little brain or abdominal stuff. We had two hernias and one appendix in our last boat load, but they were unusual. Nick fDr. Nicholson-ed., is up to his neck in plaster work most of the time with fractures of all sorts. Some of our cases are very interesting and we have had 'wonderful luck so far." U. S. S. SOLACE NAVAL HOSPITAL SHIP One Hundred 'Thirtyffour Federal Security Agency U.S. Public Health Service Washington December 8, 1942 University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, Pennsylvania To the Students of the Medical School: You and your alumni have demonstrated your devotion to our country in your response to the needs of the armed serv- ices. Those of you who, for one reason or another, have not entered the Army or the Navy, have an equal share in the war effort. As physicians, we know that even the finest and best-served armed forces cannot win a war without the total effort of a healthy civilian population. To those of us who remain in civilian service is the heavy task of minimizing war's inevitable depletion of national strength. The armed services need a large proportion of our younger doctors. A tremendously important task falls upon those who are left at home. War workers and their families must be given medical care. In no community should the number of physicians be allowed to remain below the danger point now existing in a number of boom war areas. Many phy- sicians will need to relocate since we must distribute our remaining professional skills geographically in a reasonable proportion to the people's needs. To the life-saving forces of our profession belongs the leadership, won by constructive effort, both now and after the war. If we show enough flexibility, ingenuity, and devotion to our part in winning the war - on whatever front we are stationed - ours will be the first and most vital sector to take up the burden of reconstruction for lasting peace. Sincerely yours, THOMAS PARRAN, Surgeon General. THE TWENTIETH Front row: Lucas, Mitchell, Freeman, Walker, Forrester, Livingood, Groff, Pepper, Wood Ravdm Second row: Maxwell, Klingensmith, Gaskill, Mesjian, Marden. Frazier Scheie Gilda Third row: Jones, Piersol, Fitts, Myers, Kiefer, Cham Hoffman During july there were thirtyfeight operations performed on the Solace and, at one time, Dr. Ferguson, Dr. Brown and Dr. Nicholson did twentyfsix operations in a single day. In particularly busy moments, even the medical men do surgery of some kind. They, however, are rarely idle, surgery or no surgery. Dr. Kern writes that the two most common purely medical causes for evacuation are duodenal ulcer and asthma. There are lulls, however, when neither medical or surgical men are busy. One form of recreation at such times is described by Dr. Kern. "We have a double quartet in which I sing bass and do we have fun. We bought some quartet music before we left Frisco and have been mighty glad we did. In the absenoe of new material I have even taken to writing arrangements of some old songs." The exigencies of war have produced much that is unexpected. Dr. Scbenck is doing ophthalmology and doing it well according to Dr. Ferguson. Dr. Kern tells of his own adventures afield in two letters dated October 23, 1942. "Our equipment is excellent. We have practically every facility that you can find in any but the largest hospitals ashore. The few deficiencies are gradually being filled. Thus, until three months ago we didn't have a basal metabolism outfit. Yet, I am the basal metabolist, and don't laugh: the electrocardiographer, too. In this orchestra we have all learned to double in brass. As an electrocardiographer I sing a mediocre baritone, but I am having a lot of fun at it. I've read Pardee's book through a couple of times and I now know-usually-which side is up. And then aboard ship there are complications that don't figure in books. Thus when we are kicking out nineteen knots at a hundred and fifty propellor revolutions, the latter record double Qwe have two propellorsj and give a swell imitation of auricular flutter." Surgeon General Ross T. Mclntire, speaking at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, commended highly the good work being done by the unit on the U.S.S. Solace. The Solace with its contingent of men from here is at present fNovember twentyfthirdj, so far as anyone knows, some place in the South Pacific. Nearly two months after the Navy Unit had left Philadelphia, the Army Unit received its final orders. Its departure from Thirtieth Street Station on the evening of May 15, 1942 was truly a gala affair. A band with flags flying added to the noise and confusion of "Good bye's," "Good luck's" and occasional tears. The arrival at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana, of the Twentieth General Hospital foflicial name of the army unitj was, according to Dr. Hopkins, somewhat delayed by broken down signal lights, broken down locomotives and for the last fifty miles by broken down cows. One Hundred 'Thirty-six GENERAL HOSPITAL Front row Cooley, Fitz-Hugh, North, Brav, Hopkins, Royster, Cook, Elsom, johnson, Hodes, Richard. Second row Machella, Norfleet, Kay, Mecray, Newburger, Cottrell, Fryer, McNally, Keller. Third row Sayen, Rodgers, Hodges, Pond, Donald, Myer, Hoppe, Baggs, Latta. However, they did get there, as Dr. Wood makes plain. "We arrived here on the evening of May seventeenth with our pupils dilated and our eyes popping out, feeling quite certain, like all other medical units we have seen, that we were to have a concentrated course of 'What every medical olhcer ought to know' in three or four weeks, and that we would then be loaded on a train-transported to a port- embark in a ship-have an interesting voyage to some unknown post-and begin then and there to use everything we knew in looking after sick and wounded soldiers. Our trunks were packed for the First four weeks, and we spent our time feverishly trying to pick up all the military lore that was available, both medical and nonfmedicalf' But another paragraph in Dr. Wood's letter shows that this immediate embarkation did not occur. "After the first six weeks it began to dawn on us that, possibly, our ideas as to our plans might not be the same ideas as those which were cooking in the heads at Washington. It was perfectly obvious to all of us that this war could not be run for our benefit-and that if we couldn't be used at once in an important military hospital abroad-it was our job to wait and remain sane during the process." Dr. Hopkins relates a similar tale of inactivity in a letter written July thirteenth. "We have had scarcely a free moment during the day except from ten to five each day and every evening. We have to report for meals three times a day unless we desire to eat elsewhere. Moreover, they have drill every. morning for those who care to go out." There is, however, medical work to be done but it is not the same as civilian. Dr. Wood writes: "The practice of medicine is certainly a diiferent thing when you can court martial your patients for not obeying you, when your major concern is with communicable diseases and epidemics, with keeping your ward spotlessly clean with the help of the patients, and looking after property on the ward, for all of which you are responsible." He continues later: "I got the shock of my life when I walked into a ward and all of the patients hopped to attention at the foot of their beds." Fourteen officers and fifteen nurses were detached from the Twentieth General to form the Twentyffourth Station Hospital, an overseas unit which reported to Fort Bragg on june nineteenth. The officers in this group fnicknamed the Splittoonj include: Doctors Pettit, Eisenhower, Nicholson, McNamee, Sanders, Cartwright, Dean, Chamberlain, Stoner, Hertz, Schecter, Huber and Phraener. At present fNovember twentyffourthj they are still in the United States but have as an address "APO 1220 cfo Postmaster, New York City." One Hundred Thirtyfseven 'Wh The remaining members of the unit have kept themselves busy with "planned activities" in the morning. These have included a six weeks course in gas warfare during which the entire unit had to wear gas masks for a whole day, lectures in tropical medicine and two seminars a week. The first of these, on September fifteenth, is described by Dr. Hopkins. L'Our Hrst seminar was held this morning. Rav and Norm Freeman discussed shock and blood substitutes. They gave a very interesting presentation with very little heckling. That was unusual for a U. of P. Seminar. Of course there were no patients, so there could be no arguments as to whether or not the spleen was palpable, or a murmur could be heard." "Extra curricular ways," as Dr. Wood phrases it, have also been found to pass the time. "We have a 'Sunday Evening Twentieth General Hour' of classical music on our victrola-the program being chosen by Major Hodes and Lt. Reed fM.A.C.J. We all sit around the fire in the moonlight-and it's lovely. We have also developed into good soft ball players. Ken Elsom is an excellent pitcher. We believe we are the highest paid soft ball team in the country." Then, too, troop departures, the time of which is not divulged, are engrossing. But Dr. Ravdin and Dr. Wood are no longer interested in those occurring after midnight. Their one attempt to see an entrainment at 3 A.M. on a cold, dark morning was a complete fiasco-no troops-no train-and the colonel and the major slunk back to bed. Dr. Woods comment was: "It's like fishing at night. You are just as likely to catch something after breakfast." The date of their own departure is also unknown, but rumors are rife and have produced, according to Dr. Hopkins, some experienced packers. "Do you know anyone who would have any use for the service of fifty expert trunk packers? I can supply that number on a moment's notice. I can guarantee that they will be able to tuck away more useful and useless equipment in a given amount of space than any other comparable group. I can also furnish two expert packers of general equipment and books-Major Groif and Captain Tom Machella. At regular intervals, they dash over to the O. D. Hutment and proceed to pack up all the equipment of the Unit. Everything is neatly stowed awayg all the boxes are numbered, labelled, weighed and measured. At last the task is completed, and we wait for the trucks to come to take them down to the station. We wait. A week passes by. Phil Hodes wants a book. Someone else wants a baseball, the dart board, or the ping pong net. One by one the boxes are refopened, and the equipment scattered around the hutment in its previous order-or lack of order. Somehow, no matter how often they pack the things, and carefully inventory each box, the item is never in the first box opened ,... A week or two passes, and the procedure is repeated-ad nauseam, they are beginning to say." The Unit is still QDecember twelfthj at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana. The men in the two units fArmy and Navyj are not, however, the only ones from the University who have joined the armed services. Dr. Balduin Lucke, now Major R. A. G1-off of the Neuro-Surgery Department takes a crack at a tent peg. For a while during their sojourn at Camp Clai- bourne the unit spent its sleeping hours in tents, but soon were bat-racked in more formal hutments. Colonel Cooley and Major Walker watch the Parade Activities. The unit has been receiv- ing most of its military drill and administrative instruction from these two men. Easy-going Dr. Walker of the Pharmacology Lab. has be- come tough "top sergeant" for the duration. Lt. Col. Lucke, has been at the Army Medical Museum in Washington for many months as a pathologist. Captain R. P. Custer and Lieutenant H. G. Schlumberger are in charge of Pathology at the Valley Forge General Hospital. Dr. H. M. Dixon, a Lieutenant Commander, has been stationed at the Naval Hospital in Philadelphia. Another Lieutenant Commander, Dr. George Wagoner, is supposedly some place in the Pacific, having sailed from the W'est coast. Dr. Lloyd Thompson, also of the Anatomy Department, is a lieutenant in the Army in New Guinea. Dr. Albert Bothe left Philadelphia in November 1942 to join the Navy Unit. Although not wearing a uniform, Dr. H. C. Bazett is associated with the armed forces. He is on leave from the University working on aviation medicine at the Banting and Best Department of Medical Research, University of Toronto. The University is also represented at Fort Devens, Massachussetts. Doctors William Jeffers, Wesley Thompson, and Robert Kimbrough, Jr. have been there for several months. Dr. Leon Collins, jr. is a major in the air corps in charge of medical matters at Duncan Field, Texas. Dr. Carl Bachman left Philadelphia in May, 1942 for Norfolk Naval Hospital in Portsmouth, Virginia. Navy or no Navy, he has continued to do obstetrics, the only difference being that the babies were in Virginia instead of Pennsylvania. But a letter from him dated November 1, 1942, tells another story. "The last three weeks-i.e. on fractures and traumatic surgery-have been heavenly. Though they have been strenuous as can be, Qeven more so than O. and G. wash, they have been delightful-as stimulating as learning things anew can be. Have done not a few open reductions, a raft of plaster work and am beginning to know my general anatomy again. Indeed I would not be too disappointed to have the chance to continue this brushing'up experience for awhile before orders for sea or foreign duty are made out." Dr. Ravdin, writing to the SCOPE from Louisiana, has given us an interesting picture of life at Camp Claiborne and has sent greetings from all the members of the Unit to the classes of 1943. "Camp Claiborne, Louisiana "November 17, 1942 "For 1943 SCOPE "Today, the Twentieth General Hospital completes six months of active duty. I say active, merely in the sense that the Unit was called into active duty on May 15, 1942. Shortly after our arrival at Camp Claiborne, fourteen Medical Officers were detached to form the Twentyffourth Station Hospital at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. This was a severe blow to the unit, but the greatest blow was the illness which forced Major Abbott to be taken away from us. Our loss has been your gain, for you now have him with you." fThe Unit's loss has indeed been our gain. We consider One Hundred Tlairtyfnine Some of you will recognize this erstwhile seamstress as Dr. Cottrell of the Medical O.P.D. This, apparently, is one of the more cliHicult tasks undertaken by members of the unit. Better let one of the surgeons thread that! ourselves fortunate to be able to listen to Dr. Abbott's interesting lectures this year as we did last year and to turn to him as an ever kindly counselor and wise friend-ed., "By transfer and by marriage we have lost about eleven of our nurses, but we still have enough nurses to run a good hospital. "During the six months that we have been here, the Medical Officers have been brought into excellent physical shape through the efforts of Major Walker. Only yesterday they completed an eighteen mile hike, and all of them came back as fresh as could be. A number of our men have worked in the Station Hospital on the various services, and a few of us have been able to do an occasional operation. I have just about cleaned up the biliary tract cases in this area. Colonel Fitz'Hugh developed an extensive training program. Twice each week the morning is given over to a discussion of scientific subjects, and in addition, a number of us have had the opportunity of barnfstorming the surrounding country. "During the height of the jaundice epidemic, the Oflicers of this hospital carried out a clinical and laboratory study of the patients admitted to the Station Hospital in this camp. "The morale of the Unit has remained high. It has constantly amazed me to see how well a group of men who previously had led busy professional lives could live together for many months without the slightest friction. "We are very fortunate in obtaining an excellent soldier and a gentleman, as the Commanding Oflicer of this organization. Colonel Elias E. Cooley, M.C., a graduate of the Jefferson Medical College, of the Class of 1912, has endeared himself to every Officer of this command. He is a wise counsellor, an excellent phvsician, and a seasoned soldier, and the Twentieth General Hospital considers itself most fortunate in having him as its leader. "We hope it will not be long before we are called to foreign service. The organization is ready, and I feel sure will give an excellent account of itself, when the time comes for more active service. "With best wishes to the Class of 1943 from every Officer of this command, I am, "Sincerely yours, "I. S. RAVDIN, "Lieutenant Colonel, M. C." It has been the desire of the editorial staff to mention in this short article all those medical men from the University of Pennsylvania who have joined the armed forces. Such a goal is, however, difficult to attain. If anyone has been omitted, we trust he will understand that the omission was wholly inadvertent and will grant us his forbearance. We are not able, here to thank individually all the persons whose generosity with their time and letters has made this article possible. But it is most gratifying to us to have this opportunity of expressing our appreciation to them for their interest and assistance. One Hundred Forty THE TWE 'l'lE'l'll GE ERAL H0 PITAL By ANNA NYMOUS As the Bostonian traces his ancestry to the Mayflower, and the University hails Ben Franklin as its founder, so the 20th General Hospital proudly claims lineal descent from Base Hospital No. 20, which served with such distinction in World War I. However, G. H. No. 20 existed only in an embryonic state until early in 1940, then, at the request of the Surgeon General, practical steps were taken to instill life into it. By ones and twos, the names of officers were added to the roll, but still there was little evidence of vitality. While the scattered members were sitting in stunned silence around their radios on that fateful afternoon of Dec. 7, 1941, the telephone rang. "Meeting of the Unit at eight tonight." Suddenly the apathy and inertia were cast aside. We discovered that a Unit needed much more than a few officers. Committees were appointed to secure additional personnel-nurses, of course, and also such important members as tech' nicians, dietitians, dental hygienists, plumbers, cooks, barbers-literally the butcher, the baker, the candlestick maker. When we left that first meeting, we all expected to be called for active duty at any moment. Gradually the passage of time served to dispel our fears. A week went by, then another. Finally we were ordered to have our physical examinations. A few passed with flying colors, others, only after prolonged arguments and pleasg some fell by the wayside. The spirit was willing, but the flesh was weak. Winter passed into Spring. Each day brought forth its crop of rumors. Each weekend provided another sore arm or two, thanks to jim Forrester. Finally Col. Ravdin appeared at one of the meetings with an ofhcial-looking telegram-"Get ready to get ready to leave." And eventually the orders came-H Camp Claiborne, La., May 15. The next two weeks were spent in a frenzy of last minute shopping, calls, and parties. All too soon, the hour arrived. At the station, we found that we had not been forgotten. Friends, relatives, Hospital personnel, students, and Bacchus jammed the platform at Thirtieth Street to bid us a fond and often tearful farewell. QOne might have thought that we were leaving the Countrylj The Colonels first ordered, then begged and pleaded with us to get on the train. Miss Cornelius dashed around like a distracted mother hen trying to gather her brood in their cars. The trainmen muttered invectives seldom used by the Clergy. At last we were off-so we thought. An hour's delay at the end of the platform while the roll was called and the straglers rounded up, then into the night. The Major Hopkins and a minor clog tent lpup to youl. That facial expression reminds one of the grimaces our physical diagnostic skill used to evoke. Through the courtesy of Dr. Hopkins many pictures of the unit's activities were made avail- able to the Scope. We regret we are unable to print them all. The next morning, breakfast was not a popular meal, many complained of Pixies Pounding the Pituitary-or should we say Gremlins Grinding the Glia? As the day wore on, our spirits fell. Arriving at St. Louis only four hours late, we all sought exercise-a dash through the station to the drug store or a neighboring emporium where we were able to restore our ebbing Spirits. Blithely we embarked on the second stage of our journey, at that time, the Missouri Pacific was a name only. All night the train jerked and buckedg forward, then backward. Time after time we were sure that they had decided to take us back to St. Louis. Morning came, a beautiful Summer day, but gradually the sun became obscured and by noon rain was falling. We still continued to weave back and forth across Arkansas. Eventually we reached Shreveport, where our nurses entertained a trainload of sailors while we ate the dinner that had been prepared for them. As daylight was fading, we passed through Alexandriag the next twenty miles were negotiated in less than two hours. At nine thirty we arrived at Camp, less than twelve hours late. The nurses were taken to the Station Hospital Barracks, we were taken to our area, and the enlisted men slipped away into the darkness under the guidance of some N. C. O's. Then came the inevitable confusion-bags missing, trunks sent to the wrong areas, keys mysteriously eluding search as we emptied one pocket after another. Soon these minor inconveniences were forgotten. Awaiting us in the Mess Hall was the best meal we had ever had, or so it seemed at that time: pork chops, fried potatoes, bread and butter, and coffee. Having wolfed that, we resumed the task of settling. Finally we were paired off in tents, and silence descended. Since everyone knew that we would be leaving within two weeks, a strenuous campaign was instituted to toughen us for the rigors that lay ahead. Someone gave Art Walker a whistle and turned him loose upon the lambs. Those of you who remember Art as a quiet, reserved chap smoking his pipe as he played around with the animals in Pharmacology would have had a rude awakening could you have seen him tooting merrily and shouting cheerfully: "Arise and shine, Twentieth General. Six o'clockg all out for calisthenticsf' Many a tired body found breath enough to mutter a few choice words, or call out names not ordinarily heard in better circles. XVe arose, though we rarely shone. After breakfast and Assembly came drill and hikes. Here we had an opportunity to show our amazing skill and dexterity. Everyone knows that a good surgeon can use either hand with equal facility, but how many of you realize that this also applies to the feet? "Right face" and "Left face" elicited the same response, half the column might choose one course, the other half another. Poor Arthur tore out those few remaining hairs, raised his arms to Heaven, and called upon all the Deities to witness his tribulations. But he never gave up! Gradually the serpentine lines assumed some degree of straightnessg in less than six months we learned to march across the field in perfect formation-two abreast, at least, or even three. We learned to stand at attention for a minute or more without talking too much, or reaching up to scratch an ear or wipe the sweat from our brow. We could bend an arm into something resembling a salute. We even remembered to say "Sir" once in a while. The marches were short at first-two miles or so. When Pete Abbott suggested a hike out to the Country Club and back+over five miles-only a few of the most hardy young souls followed in his footsteps. Later, we learned to toss off a little jaunt like that with scarcely a trace of dyspnea. Gradually the creaking joints limbered up, and feet which had known the touch of nothing but the brake and accelerator pedals learned again the feel of pavements, gravel, sod and dust. We explored every highway and path within a radius of ten miles, and then went back repeatedly over the same courses. The Twentieth General Infantry had arrivedg to Art: "Though we've belted you and flayed you-By the livin' Gawd who made you ,... " Gas! How often we heard that cry! We grabbed our masks, dropping caps, packs, glasses, etc., in a frantic struggle to avoid the ignominy of being last. Fortunately one can't put the mask on backwardg every other variation was adequately demon' strated during the early stages. We learned one thing-you can't sleep well with One Hundred Fortytwo the mask on. You doze off, then awaken with a start, dreaming that you have chronic passive congestion, or that Julian Johnson has just completed a bilateral pneumonectomy -technically, a success. Col. Geiger and his associates came over to impart the theoretical side of the course. Had there been a few more Manuals available, we would not have had to sit for three hours every afternoon listening to selected readings from the Gas Bible, an evening or two would have suificed for us to absorb this knowledge. However, this was during the ntoughening up" period, and the modified park benches provided for us certainly accomplished that purpose, in localized areas. Came the day of the final examinations, we all passed with flying colors and became qualified Gas Officers. fWill the U. G. I. give us jobs reading meters when the War is overffj All work and no play . . . Baseball started as soon as we located a pasture from which the cows could be tempted or forced to depart. Later, we secured the use of a baseball diamond-a diamond in the rough. The fact that the outfield sloped sharply away from the infield didn't discourage us, despite its drawbacks. If you played deep enough to retrieve the long flies, you would not see the ball until it swept majestically over the brow of the hill. If you crept up to a point where you could see the batter, said ball would zoom over your head. Oh, well, what's one more home run? The games were usually close, with a score of 21 to 18, or something like that. Base running alone provided plenty of exercise. Regular teams were formed, and a double header was played twice a week. What surprising sights met the eye of an observer! There was Fran Wood, ignoring the possibility of a coronary attack as he covered most of the territory between second and third. Ken Elsom, defying peptic ulcer as he worried about how to pitch to the next batter. Hank Scheie, capitalizing upon his knowledge of our refractive errors as he dished them up-until he took up bowling and began to apply the same technic on the mound-Hoffman and Klingensmith, catching flies with the same nonchalance they formerly showed while catching bambinos. Tom Machella, taking an extra dose of Vitamin B, and then pounding out three home runs in one game. fThe yeast tablets took a terrific beating before the next game, but without resultsj And the Chaplains, proving as successful at scoring hits on the diamond as they had in the Chapel. Even the Little Colonels could be found cavorting around the field until pulled muscles laid them low. Other less strenuous occupations took part of our time. For example, there was Norman fLarry Adlerj Freeman and his Harmonica Hellcats. Night after night they gathered in front of our tents to 'fend all forms of music-sweet and swing, classic and classy. Fortunately they lost interest within a few weeks, now we have only the radios and the phonograph to bring us the masterpieces. Then there is a game played with small pieces of pasteboard bearing various numerals and designs, including royalty. So far as ye scribe can determine, the main object of this game is to pass these aroundg the player makes small wagers on the ones he holds, but ends up by giving the residue of last month's pay to Jim Forrester. fMorgenthau, please note: He's buying War Bondsj Bridge of course is ever popularg all varieties can be seen, from Blackwood to Backwoods. Equally popular is the course in Applied Osteology. Two cubes somewhat resembling carpal bones with areas of necrosis or osteomyelitis are thrown upon a smooth surface, while the assembled multitude kneel reverently and one member mutters mystic numerical incantations, or calls upon a non-existent member of the Unit known as "joe" Nor must we forget the Horticultural pursuits of Henry Royster and Sarge Pepper. Thanks to their efforts, there is a spot of beauty in an otherwise barren landscape. But for the lack of a pond, one might think he were back in the Bot. Gardens off Hamilton Walk. Holly and evergreens flank their doorsg marigolds and zinnias bloom in profusion among the peas and cabbage. Perky pansies line one side of their hutment foutsideg none insidej. Even petunia cultivation has become an item of absorbing interest. Fishing also has its devotees, a stranger might question the sanity of those who sit by the hour, casting their plugs at a pail of water while the Summer sun beats down upon One Hundred Fortyfthree them. But practice paysg when the Isaac Waltons come back with a string of bass, no one refuses to help consume them. Or take Jim Donaldg he likes to sit quietly in 11 shady spot and commune with nature beside Brooks. Nor must we forget that most popular of all afternoon sports-bunk duty or blanket drillg Royster holds the undisputed championship there. Professional Activities? Here we must draw the veil. A few of the more fortunate members of the Unit were allowed to work at the Station Hospital for a time, and they still permit Clarence Livingood and "Hank" Scheie to minister to the victims of scratch and squint. Otherwise, most of us have had to content ourselves with desultory perusal of the available journals and BIC's reports on the Medical Seminars. Our ears no longer hear the faint systolic murmurs which were the life blood of johnny Siiyeng our fingers feel only the cold steel of the Mess Hall knifeg our "tactus eruditis" has been diverted to the fielding of a baseball or the flipping of a card. "Inspection" is what Rav does each Saturday morning. "Auscultation" means listening for mess call. Even palpation has become a lost art-during the daytime, at least. In this Garden of Eden the Serpent has twice reared his ugly head. First, "Pete" Abbott was forced to leave because of ill health. Although he had been on active duty only a short time, all of us had known him for years, and now we sadly miss his keen wit and unfailing friendliness. The second blow fell when the Unit was "streamlined," and many of our friends were transferred to form a new Unit elsewhere. The one consolation was the knowledge that another biologic miracle had occurredg though less than three years old, the Twentieth General had given birth to this sturdy offspring. And so, gentle reader, our two weeks have passed, and likewise july the Fourth, Labor Day, Hallowe'en, and Thanksgiving. Weire dreaming of a white Christmas, and wish to extend a cordial invitation to all of you to visit us at Easter time. Good bedsg excellent food, all sports. join the Army and see Camp Claiborne! "The names of characters and locations are fictitiousg use of a name which is the same as that of any living person is accidental." FLASH! No longer do the Twentieth General Hospital Unit members play baseball on the cow pasture at Camp Claiborne, for they. at long last, have gone into action! Where? Military secret. Present address, care of the Postmaster, New 'York City. Lieutenant Colonel Donald M. Pillsbury, Medical Corps, consultant in dermatology to the American Expeditionary Forces, stationed overseas. Dr. Pillsbury is typical of the other University men serving with the armed forces in that his medical knowledge, experience and personality have won him a position of author- ity and great responsibility. LO0Kl Il BACK or All MEDICAL ME AT WAR' At this time when most of us are about to shoulder part of the responsibility of a nation at war, when our Hospitals Army and Navy Units have already been dis' patched, it is interesting to look back and see what role the graduates and faculty of our medical school have played in the past wars of our nation. Looking back particularly to the earlier conflicts we find medical data is relatively sparse and more or less dispersed whereas the more recent conflicts have volumes devoted specifically to our own medical units. We are used to thinking of our school in terms of its clinicians, surgeons, and teachers-Pepper, Frazier, Agnew, Ashhurst, Horner, Rush, Shippen, Morgan, and so forth-but to how many of us has it occurred that these very same men provided the nucleus of the medical arm of our nation at war? Men of our school have repeatedly played major roles and have accredited themselves nobly. It is the purpose of this short essay to mention a few of these men, and perhaps give an anecdote about them in order to make them more real, instead of presenting a great deal of massive, though impressive, statistics about Hamilton Walk men at war. As many of the veterans of the Spanish American War and World War I are still living, it would be unfair to discuss only a few of them, as would be permitted in such a short essay. Not only do I stress the earlier wars, but because of limited space, I am forced to restrict most of my remarks to Army men, for the Navy would require just as much time in order to do it equal justice. No nation at any time has been more woefully unprepared medically for war than our own country in '76. When in 1776, the Director-General ordered all regimental-surgeons of the Continental Army to forward a report of their supplies, fifteen regiments responded: a total of six amputation sets, two trephining sets, fifteen packet cases, seventyffive crooked needles and six-straight needles-also four scalpels, three pair of bullet forceps, seventy pins, a few ligatures, one tourniquet, bandage and two ounces of sponges were reported. Is it any wonder then that the constant wrangling over supplies which were generally not available led to petty jealousies and incriminations. Throughout the ranks, therefore, misunderstanding and accusations arose. Thus was provided the groundwork for one of the most famous medical conf troversies in the history of the nation-s-namely, the MorganfShippen affair. john Morgan and William Shippen, Jr., fellow founders and faculty members of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, and successively DirectorsfGeneral of the Medical Arm of the Continental Armies, had the almost insuperable task of establishing organization out of chaos. They not only had a lack of supplies to contend with, and disorganization, but also politics, from which not even the commanderfinf chief was immune. In a letter of reply to Shippen's plan for medical reorganization, G. Washington wrote-"I have some particular gentlemen to provide for in the new arrangements, but you may depend that those who have already distinguished them' selves by their assiduity shall not go unnoticed." Congress, too played favorites, and as is true today, was slow in recognizing its responsibilities, but was easily swayed by the convincing orator. Thus Rush was very instrumental in having them side with Shippen, while Washington "stuck by" Morgan. Morgan and Shippen successively took the helm, and though they finally brought order out of chaos, each in turn suffered the "slings and arrows of outrageous fortune," and the wrath of Congress. But both were later completely exonerated. The succeeding director found everything ship shape and "smooth sailing." 'All men mentioned are Penn men unless non-medical or otherwise indicated. One Hundred Fortyffive P W The medical arm of the Army was practically dominated by Penn men--Rush, Kuhn, Bond, Tilton, fBodoj Otto, Hutchinson, Craik, Potts, etc. At least forty graduates of the school, and faculty, played very active roles and served with distinction. These also included every member of the first medical class of 1768 with only a single exception. Most of the descriptive material about the military medicine of the day and the hardships endured, comes to us through these same men. To fully appreciate the sufferings of the men and the conditions of the various hospitals, etc., the book "Bodo Otto at Valley Forge" by Gibson is strongly recommendedg it is most stimulating reading for anyone at all interested in the medical history of that period. For those who groan about sugar rationing, one of Bodo Otto's sons good humoredly wrote from Valley Forge-"we have to change the order of our courses to get a variety. For breakfast we have bacon and smokeg for dinner we have smoke and bacong and for supper, smoke." The faulty military medical practices of the times were not missed by the keenly observing eyes of Rush and Tilton. Rush published the first manual on Military Hygiene in this country, and Tilton's crusading for military medical reforms ultimately won him the post of Surgeon General from 1812f1814. He noted that at least one-third of the army was being swallowed up owing to a "fatal tendency in the system to throw all the sick of the army indiscriminately into the general hospital whence crowds infection, and consequent mortality too affecting to mention." Thus a soldier stood a ninety per cent chance of life on the battlefield but only a seventyffive per cent chance of recovery in the hospital. Benjamin Rush, medical Physician-General, among his many other diverse achieve' ments, made classic observations on Military Hygiene. He noted. that men who came into hospitals with various ailments soon lost the identity of the original complaint and came down with the various putrid fevers ftyphus, etc.J and that these fevers were artificially produced "by want of sufficient room and cleanliness." "It always prevailed most in winter" and a "free air which was obtained in summer prevented it. Soldiers billeted in private houses escaped it and generally recovered soonest from all their diseases. Convalescent and drunken soldiers were most exposed to putrid fevers." They had a rather unique method of curing these fevers once established. "The remedies that appeared to do most service in this disease were tarter emetic in the beginning, gentle doses of laxative, salts, bark and wine ftwo or three bottles a day in many cases- perhaps that's why the hospitals were so full. Apparently alcohol was a cure-all even as late as the Civil War, for I came across a description of a thirtyfsix wagon Civil War medical baggage train, and thirtyffour of the cars contained alcohol, brandy and wine exclusively., Rush also noted that open air was more conducive to good health than tents or other enclosed spaces, and that an army in motion was always healthiest. "Militia officers and soldiers who enjoyed health during a campaign were often seized with fevers upon their return to the vita mollis, at their respective homes" but I cannot see how those officers "who wore shirts or waistcoats next to their skins, in general, escaped fevers and diseases of all kindsngperhaps this kept the bugs out. Also "lads under twenty years were subject to the greatest number of camp diseases and men above the age of thirty to thirty'five were the hardiest soldiers in the army." It not infrequently fell upon medical men to perform acts of duty and heroism outside their own professional capacity. This is exemplified by an experience of James Hutchinson, M.B., 1774, who later was commissioned senior surgeon to the Flying Hospital in the Middle Department, and there distinguished himself. At the time when war was threatening with England, he was continuing his medical studies abroad. Prospect of war made him decide to return, which he did via France. He was entrusted with important dispatches by Dr. Benjamin Franklin. Approaching the American coast his ship was chased by a British Man-of-War. When the latter got dangerously close and within gun range, Hutchinson boarded a small open boat and under fire made for shore, therebv insuring the safetv of the dispatches, for the vessel itself was eventu- ally sunk with all of Hutchinson's belongings aboard. With the war of 1812, the University once more heeded the call. james Tilton, One Hundred Fortvfsix class of 1768 became SurgeonfGeneral 1813 to 1815. It was he, who you may recall, observed the bad effects of crowding sick and wounded indiscriminately. He introduced many reforms. Fifty other graduates served with distinction in the army and thirty'six in the navy. Among the more distinguished were William Gibson and W. E. Horner. and keen observation, often add up to afforded by an incident which occurred of Surgery from 1819 to 1855, noted As a surgeon in the militia, he was of the street riots "he saw a man shot Fortuitous circumstances, plus intelligence discovery. A rather dramatic example of this is during this war to William Gibson, Professor for his daring and brilliant operative work. stationed in Baltimore at the time. During one in the groin, whereupon he rushed out from his position of safety and put a finger on the wound to stop the hemorrhage, whereupon he found that he had to keep his finger in the wound and so he had the patient conveyed to a friend's house. With his free hand he enlarged the wound and with a flexible probe, armed with a ligature, he passed it around the bleeding point, tied the ligature and evacuated the clots, and found that he had tied the common Iliac artery just below the bifurcation of the aorta. Next he put a ligature in two holes in the intestine, reduced the bowels, and then, on wiping away the clots, again found the distal end of the common Iliac bleeding, so soon had the collateral circulation become established. He tied the distal end of the common Iliac in the same manner, and brought the abdominal wound together with adhesive plaster, and took care of the patient for fifteen days until he died of secondary hemorrhage and peritonitis. Autopsy showed the distal ligatures had become loose though the proximal one was still intact. Thus it had been demonstrated for the jirst time in the world that collateral circulation could be maintained in the lower ex' tremities after ligation of the common Iliac artery." This led Gibson to conceive the operation for aneurysm, as he noted, however, "in a patient with reasonable health." He also achieved fame for successfully operating on General Winfield Scott. It seems that a bullet wound in the leg of the General refused to heal until the distinguished surgeon had removed the missile and closed the wound. William E. Horner, class of 1814, one of the most distinguished anatomists of the nineteenth century, served as volunteer surgeon with the troops in the Canadian Campaign. Though very busy, because of a rather high casualty rate, he found time to keep case records and anecdotes which he published at a later date in the "Medical Examiner." One day, when he was examining some new casualties he was confronted by a soldier with an amputated arm. The man was constantly tittering, and every once in a while broke out into a loud laugh. Not seeing anything funny, Horner inf quired into the cause of the merriment, whereupon the soldier replied, "I lost my arm in so funny a way that I still laugh whenever I look at it." Upon inquiring, "What way?" the following reply was vouchsafed, "Our first sergeant wanted shaving and got me to attend to it, as I am a corporal, and we went out together in front of his tent. I had lathered him, and took him by the nose, and was just about applying the razor when a cannon ball came, and that was the last I saw of his head and my hand. Excuse me, doctor, for laughing so, I never saw such a thing before." And with a loud guffaw he reeled out of the room. One of the most colorful graduates was Elisha Kent Kane, class of 1842. During the Mexican War, as an assistant navy surgeon, he was entrusted with an important message to General Scott. In an encounter with some Mexican Guerillas he was injured. The message got through, however, and he lived to achieve his greatest claim to fame through the two Grinnell Arctic expeditions, organized in search of Sir John Franklin. He personally led the second expedition, and upon his return wrote of his experiences in a book which proved to be a best seller in his day. At no time has our medical school been so outstanding in its contribution to the nation as during the Civil War. Of the classes from 1816 to 1862, six hundred and thirtyfthree men were in the Northern forces and five hundred and fiftyfthree with the Confederates. Of the classes l863f1882, four hundred and fortyfeight served with the Union and ninetyfeight with the South thus totalling one thousand seven hundred and thirtyftwo medical graduates, but not all of them serving in a medical capaciy. In F. T. Miller's Photographic History of the Civil War, eighteen men are specifically mentioned on the medical honor roll and of these six are Penn men-namely, One Hundred Forty-seven ' X fb QA 5, - J Ep ,u 'j -2 K I . Yr' 7.x q'Q',1-- V! . ,177 M nl? YYZWTT 0 Q It will . O 6, f f in 'fs X li ' X x , A Finley, Barnes, Murray, Woodward, Huntington and Otis-the first three of which became surgeons'general during or after the war. Under Barnes, the Army Medical Museum, probably the finest organization of its kind in the world, and the Surgeon's General Office Library were established. Also the medical and surgical history of the Rebellion was compiled. Barnes attended both Lincoln and Garfield-two Presidential martyrs-in their last hours. joseph Woodward, class of 1853, and George Alexander Otis, class of 1851, respectively, collected and edited the medical and surgical volumes of the classic, monumental work "The Medical and Surgical History of the Rebellion." If you want to spend a fascinating few minutes or hours, browse through one of these books at our library or the College of Physicians. They speak for themselves. Among other well known Civil War names were Agnew, Ashhurst, S. Weir Mitchell and Billings. Although the latter two were not of our medical graduates, the former was a graduate of the college and for thirty-five years a trustee of the Univerf sity of Pennsylvania, and helped found the Hospital and medical laboratories. Billings was for a time our Professor of Hygiene and Public Health, and the first Director of the Phipps Institute. All these men distinguished themselves at their different posts. Dr. Hayes Agnew, lecturer, surgeon, and immortalized on canvas by Eakins, served his part in the Civil War principally at the Hestonville and Mowry Army Hospitals at Chestnut Hill. There is an interesting story told about Agnew which, though it docs not throw direct light on this essay, shows a more amusing side to him. It seems that during the cholera epidemic here in 1854 it was rather difficult to get anatomical material. He, therefore, went down into the pit wherein those dead of cholera were disposed, injected the bodies and had them transferred to his disecting room. He was accustomed to putting subjects into a pond full of eels and "these did their work very thoroughly." Unfortunately the man who had the reputation of selling the best eels in town secretly got them from this pond. When by accident, he learned how his eels were nourished, "there ensued a rather embarassing situation for Agnew." john Shaw Billings served in some of the most sanguinary battles of the Civil War. He was a very skillful operator and so, most of the difficult jobs were turned over to him. He was the first surgeon to perform the rare excision of the angle joint. But his immortal claim to fame was the creation of the Surgeon's General library and the great Medical Index Catalogue. According to Colonel Hume, Dr. Henry Welch is said to have felt that, at the time, America's greatest contribution to medical progress was this one by Billings. john Ashhurst, Jr., class of 1860, served through most of the war at Cuyler, U. S. Army Hospital at Germantown, Pennsylvania. It seems that this brilliant man could diagnose rare and serious injuries at a glance. He had the highest scholastic average ever given out by the University and was particularly noted for his bone surgery. When one considers the type of surgical technique practiced during the Civil VV'ar it is amazing that the mortality was not even higher than it was. Open'air operating tables were most common in the field hospitals because here the best light could be had." Sometimes blankets or tarpaulins on poles kept the rain off. The surgeons-arms bare, aprons covered with blood and their knives not seldom between their teeth while they helped get the patient on the table-would be surrounded by pools of blood and amputated limbs. With the patient screaming on the table, the wound was quickly examined and decision for cutting off the wounded limb made. Some ether was administered and then "the surgeon snatched the knife from between his teeth, where it had been while his hands were busy, wiped it across his bloodf stained apron, and the cutting began. The operation accomplished, the surgeon would look around-a deep sigh, and then call 'Nextl' " As to actual scientific achievements made during wartime, they are manifold and constitute a major portion of medical progress, so that the studies of S. Weir Mitchell merely served as an illustration, though, to be sure, one of the more distinf guished ones. It was he who studied the curiously persistent phantom limbs after ampu' 'Description of field hospital from Carl Schurz. One Hundred Fortyfeight tation, and along with Morehouse and Keen Qnot associated with Pennj, the dreadful persistent pain of nerve trunks Qcausalgiaj. Mitchell introduced the use of atropin with morphine by hypodermic and was the first to study their antagonistic effects. He was instrumental in introducing the widespread use of the thermometer as a clinical instrument, also the electric battery and the hypodermic syringe. He studied the relationship of weather to neuralgia and was also instrumental in having established the Army Hospital at Christian Street and later at Turner's Lane, in Philadelphia, devoted entirely to neurological diseases and injuries QI believe the first of its kindj. Amongst many other contributions was his being the Hrst to introduce ether as a means of detecting malingerers. The list of men reads on, but I must of necessity cut it short. The doings of our units in the SpanishfAmerican War and World War I have been thoroughly written up and are readily available for those interested in the subject. Some of the doings of our men in this present war, with which we are familiar, carry on the precedent of leadership and contributions of our School in past wars. In administrative capacity-of twentyffive surgeons general of the Army, nine have been graduates of, or founders of, our medical school. The proportion of Navy surgeons general claimed by us is just as high. In the ranks, I could not think of a more fitting closing than to list the thirty medical men belonging to our School who received special commendations in World War I-"what nobler tribute than the recognition of one's fellow men?" Lt. Col. Theodore Le Boutillier, Class of '98- Medal of Honor by French Government. Lt. Penn Gaskill Skillern, Ir., '03 fon U. S. S. Arizabaj-Two citations. Capt. H. C. Updegrove, '11-British Military Cross. Capt. L. L. Powell, '05-Cited twice. Capt. M. B. S. Fleischer, '16-Cited for brav- er . Capdi B. F. Schwitz, '12-British Military Cross. Capt. H. Pleasants, Ir., '10-Certificate of merit. Lt. Col. Edward C. Ellet, '91-Cited. Lt. Col. I. McCullagh, '98-Cited. Col. George H. Gosman, '98-Recommended for Distinguished Service Medal and cited at the front by Commander'in'Chief. Lt. T. M. Armstrong, '13-Croix de Guerre. Col. F. P. Reynolds, '90, and Lt. Col. R. Rey' molds, '06-Awarded French Medaille d'Honeur des Epidemies. Walter Lawrence Rodman, '10-Croix de Guerre Lt. Gouverneur H. Boger, '07-British Mili' tary Cross. Major I. P. Hutchinson, '93-French Legion of Honor. Lt. C. T. McCarthy, '13-First American to receive Military Cross by British Govern' ment: also received second Cross. Lt. E. K. Moore, '98-Croix de Guerre. Lt. I. V. Blackwood, '03-Navy Cross. Lt. Com. R. A. LeCoute, '88-Navy Cross. Lt. Com. R. A. LeConte, '88--Navy Cross. Lt. George Ross, '91-Navy Cross. Capt. E. I. Presper, '12-Cited by French Government. Col. R. H. Harte, '78-Cross of Companion of St. Michael and St. George by British Gov' ernment. W. B. Fetterman, Ir., '98-French War Cross. Capt. F. Beehman, Ir., '98--French War Cross. Major J. T. Bower, '10-French Croix de Guerre, Serbian Red Cross and Serbian San Sava. Col. M. A. Delaney, '98-By Prince of Wales with companionship in Order of St. Michael and St. George. Lt. I. F. Weber, '13-Distinguished Service Cross by General Pershing "for extraordi' nary heroism under fire." George W. Norris, '99-Cited by General Pershing for exceptionally meritorious and conspicuous services as senior consultant in Medicine for Division in the Toul Sector. And last, but not least, Rear Admiral Edward ghodes Stitt, '89-Highest rank, and Navy ross. Is it any wonder then that of 1,948 names in Kelly and Burrage's American Medical Biographical Index, 338 are from the University of Pennsylvania, and the next school is not even a close second with only 153 names. We do, indeed, have a noble heritage of Penn men in the Nation's wars of whom we may justly be humble and proud. O. EUGENE BAUM, Class of April, 1943. One Hundred Fortyfniue F f .P 'K -o 'O AUK 0WLIlllGMll 'l' . The Editorial Staif wish to take this opportunity to thank the following for their assistance in completing this, the SCOPE for 1943: The members of the Third and Fourth year clawes . . . The mem' bers of the Oflice force . . . The fraternities and societies . . . Dr. William Pepper . . . Dr. Thomas Parran . . . Dr. Ross T. Iviclntire . . . Dr. 1. S. Ravdin . . . Dr. Francis C. Wood . . . Dr. Henry Hopkins . . . Dr. Balduin Lucke . . . Dr. Julius Comroc, jr .... Dr. Leonard C. Dill of the General Alumni Society . . . Mr. Harry Firth-for Lotz Photoflingravers . . . Mr. Max Merin-for Merin-Baliban . . . Mr. Byron Rockey-f-for Clark Printing House, Inc. The American, British, Chinese, and Russian soldiers and sailors, the incomparable R. A. F. and Flying Tigers. who by their efforts have held the foe at bay and made the completion of our medical education a possibility in a world still behind the eightfball of hatred and war. W. EDWARD TORREY, JR., Editor. O. EUGENE Baum, Associate Editor. E. RUTH BREITWIESER, Associate Editor. Joseru E. SNYDER, Photography Editor. JOHN E. FISHER, Business Manager. 0UIt All,VEll'l'lSEliS becauseof them this Scope is made possible . . . support them! O H1dFf NX an 5 ' ' 'x if , '1 3 fb N' . Congratulations Our best wishes for every success. In your practice let us continue to serve you with medical books, jour- nals and instruments. CROWD EDWARD P. DIILBEY 81 C0. 3621 Woodland Avenue. PhiladelphiaQ ,Pa Medical Books Diagnostic Instruments Microscopes Microtomes Laboratory Glassware Reagents in Solution Apparatus Stains Chemicals Culture Media One Hundred Fifryfrwo THE LANGNER CLINICAL LABOBAT0llY 130 South 18th Street Philadelphia, Pa. To The Members of The Classes of '43 May you return to a world resolved in its Peace, to practice the Art and Science of Medicine, to reap the pro- found harvest of the Physician in helping his patients to health and contentment. Paul H. Langner, Founder Fred W. Langner, Associate C Class of Dec., '43J Offering a Complete Clinical Laboratory Service of Urinalyses Blood Chemistries Hematology Bacteriologic Studies Friedman Test for Pregnancy Basal Metabolism Determination Serving the Physicians of Philadelphia Since 1905 One Hundred Fiftyfthree TheHomeof DRUC 0- OPTU S DRUG PRODUCTS The Standard of Quality and Value QE S ld b WVh D pl 5 I R m d Ph rmcies Th s 1 Wg? PHILADELPHIA WH0lESAlE DRUG CUMPANY Philadelphia O Hundred Fiftyffour , Best wishes from the manufacturers of 0 BENZE DRINE INHALER 0 BENZEDRINE SULFATE TABLETS 0 PENTNUCLEOTIDE ir Accepted by the Council on Pharmacy and Chemistry of the Ame ricau Medical Association O if I Smith, Kline 8: French Laboratories Manufacturing Pharmacists PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA Established 1841 One Hunclrfcl Fiftyffre Since 1876 WILLIAMS' UN IFORMS for CIVILIAN and NAVAL INTERNS Have Topped Them All in Quality and Service Write Today for Samples and Prices 'Ei C. ln. WILLIAMS at c0MPANY Designers and Manufacturers 246 So. Eleventh Street Philadelphia, Pa. O Hundred Fiftyfsix ABI T0 - Salutes You Classes of April and December 1943 Before you is the biggest opportunity of your life, the chance to serve your country. lvhen you receive your diploma you will have completed thc major step in preparation for this opportunity. lve are sure that you will prove yourself worthy of your background whether on the battle or home front. NOTICE BETTER FLAVOR SCO'l"l'- PIIWELL DAIBIES 45TH AND PARRISH STREETS PHILADELPHIA, PENNA. Home of Aristocrat Dairy Products One Hundred Fiftyfseven MINUTES l from HEA VEN You ean get to the stratosphere in twelve minutes flat . . without leaving the ground. Step into the latest type York Strato-Chamber. But he sure to wear your electrically heated suit and an oxygen mask or helmet. is you sit down in this steel vacuum bottle, it is a COIII- fortalile 590 F and air pressure is the normal l-1.7 pounds per square inch. Twelve minutes later the temperature will he 6T helow zero and atmospheric pressure reduced to 2.7 pounds . . . and you will have arrived at these top-ol'-the- sky conditions as if in a giant homlrer. And in the York shops today, a still more elalnorate Strato-Chalnber is taking form . . . one that will provide not only swift ascent but descent . . . deseent faster than today's fastest dive-bomber! No one can estimate the victories that may he ineubated in the Strato-Chamber. From the searehing study of strato- sphere conditions that this device permits will come better airplane instruments, materials, and design, better equip- ment for supporting human life eight miles up . . . and bomber crews whose endurance has been checked and double-eheeked. York lee Machinery Corporation, York, Penna. REFIIIGEIIATIIDN AND .un CONlll'l'l0NlNG Fon XVAII "Headquarters for Mechanical Cooling Since 1885 " FRANK L. LAGAN GEO. H. McCONNELL Philadelphia Surgical Instrument Co. RIT. 3 Distributors Hamilton Modern Medical Furniture Wappler Short Wave Diathermy Surgical Instruments and Supplies Write us for location data and oflice planning service 613-14 1717 SANSOM STREET Market 3400 - BELL PHONE - Market 3401 HENRY SAUR C0., I IIB. Manufacturers of SURGICAL APPLIANCES ORTHOPAEDIC APPLIANCES Abdominal Belts, Artificial Limbs Trusses, Elastic Hosiery, Crutches, Etc. 515-517 NORTH EIGHTH STREET PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA 3 One Hundred Sixty Telephone SHErwood 4667 SHE1-Wood 3030 . SlTer'Y00d KELLY'S Dlstrlbutlng Co. COAT, APRON AND TOWEL Beer - Ale - Porter SUPPLY ALL LEADING BRANDS CASES - KEGS 718 SOUTH 52ND STREET Philadelphia, Pa. LINEN SERVICE 5308-10-12 PARRISH STREET Philadelphia, Perma. Day-RITtenhouse 0497 Nite--STEvenson 5481 THE MEDICINAL OXYGEN CO. OF PHILADELPHIA DIVISION OF COMPRESSED INDUSTRIAL GASES, INC. 1614 SUMMER STREET, PHILADELPHIA OXYGEN ' CARBON DIOXID NITROUS oxm CO1-OXYGEN MIXTURE ETHYLENE LIQUID OXYGEN COMPLETE OXYGEN TENT RENTAL SERVICE The Medical School Store A Branch of Il0US'l'0N HALL STORE BOOKS - INSTRUMENTS - SUPPLIES ROOM 145 Medical Laboratory At Houston Hall. the following services are provided without cost to you: CHECK CASHING SERVICE LOST AND FOUND DEPARTMENT THEATRE TICKET AGENCY MEETING ROOMS OUT-OF-TOWN NEWSPAPERS POST OFFICE BRANCH One Hundred Sixtyfonc ..-..I......- Compliments of I O I William ll. Borer I I - X - L Uniforms clncorporated, 1115 Walnut Street CSecond Floorj Pharmaceutical We Specialize in Uniforms Chemists for the ARMY AND NAVY W Medical Officers I TED MATTY Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Tailor George E. Leach Wholesale FANCY BUTTER QUALITY EGGS Lancaster County's Best Serving Fraternities Personally With Quality Products For 23 Years 27 MANSION ROAD SPRINGFIELD, PA. 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Uniforms Since 1910 Hotels, Restaurants, Hospitals, Institutions, Camps and Fraternities Supplied I ri., ' Wholesale Grocery E 2 ri 'I 1 gl? EE tm 'lf- i -l I . --i-" Groceries, Glass and Silverware Paper Products and Janitor NURSES' UNIFORMS S I. INTERNE SUITS I um' 'es MEDICAL STUDENTS' I APPAREL - I 1101-19 N. Front street 1116 WALNUT STREET - Philadelphia, Pa. COpposite Forrest Theatrel I l Hamilton Bazaar I HARDWARE AND FRATERNITY SUPPLIES 3944 MARKET STREET Philadelphia, Penna. EVErgreen 3944 BONDED LAUNDRY CLEANING, TAILORING, SHOE REPAIRING -12 Hour Service- 3800 SPRUCE STREET BAR 5451 OTTEN 8x OTTEN MEATS OF QUALITY 1430 SOUTH STREET PHILADELPHIA, PA. PHONES: KINg's1ey 3125 KINg'sley 3124 RACE 5166 TULL BBOS. Special Prices to Fraternities Restaurants and Boarding Houses SEAFOOD Crab Meat the Year Round 4013 Market Street EVErgreen 3327 One Hundred Sixtyffour Compliments of Keene 8: Company - Lichtin's Pharmacy Opticians 1713 WALNUT STREET 1703 PINE STREET PHILADELPHIA I Philadelphia, Pa. ' - - Bell, EvErg1-een 0987 SEA f'Ef 'i Keystone, WEST 2507 Eoon ' if .,. , 555, WEST END K' C U 1 Fruit and Produce V il ' Wit A Market exe- l fi' ff- 3524-26 MARKET STREET , -n....- Q, ' - PHILADELPHIA, PA. Hotels, Restaurants and George P. Pilling Fraternities Supplied Q Son Co. L - I - I I Compliments of Street . Linder 8a Propert J. E. Llmeburner Co. MICROSCOPES SCIENTIFIC OPTICAL I GUILDCRAFT OPTICIANS INSTRUMENTS Optical Corner 1923 CHESTNUT STREET 20th and Chestnut Streets Philadelphia Pennsylvania IN atti c 7.064 Y QQ' O A76 'L if U: ' in Q f MEQDS 1 Alb 619 "OHNs0'x One Hundred Sixtyfjiue MHERIN-BALIBAN 1010 CHESTNUT STREET PHILADELPHIA, PENNA. flffieial Photographers 1943 to the Scope 0 SPECIALISTS T0 SCHOOLS COLLEGES-UNIVERSITIES-CLUBS Special Rates to Students One Hund d S N, N working with the Scope Staff for the past year, it has been our aim to help produce an annual which is the leader in its class. We hope that we have been suc- cessful to the end thot, year after year, the advice of each retiring Scope Staff will be "REPEAT WITH LOTZ" Engravers and Designers of Nearly 100 Year Books Annually :.-,--J:-a 0' - . ,ugh ,--t2'S"P+' A .. . 113531-- A., ,--be , -..'.49f.f' Y "J 9 N. 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Our cumulative knowledge of years in this line of work is applied understandingly and sympathetically to your specific aims. Cost is held to a figure in sensible proportion to the result to be accomplished. Back of our organization is the spirit of "He Who Shoots the Stars"- vision -ambif PUlvfUNANGXVET 1 l tHe W1,o 55,005 the SWS, t1on-conHdence-- strength-and with the Stff th' th' "t 1 'th s the . . . who dares to attempt even the a Ca C mg ls Spm aong W1 u ' unattainable with the conscious pride of an unconquerable spirit. CLARK PRI TIN result will be an Annual which can be passed on to your Classmates with pride. C3 HOUSE, INC. Printers for the School and College 2130 ARCH STREET-:ff:f-:-PHILADELPHIA, PA. Good Printing Wltl101.tt Extravagance ' lp' ir" ., ' A, I , H ,, In . I f , b, - , . gf 4 h- V1 . : I, -1 l fwflawf-Y" fix. ,. 'v , . 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1923

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