University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine - Scope Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA)

 - Class of 1925

Page 1 of 275

 

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine - Scope Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1925 Edition, Cover
Cover



Page 6, 1925 Edition, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine - Scope Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collectionPage 7, 1925 Edition, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine - Scope Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection
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Page 10, 1925 Edition, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine - Scope Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collectionPage 11, 1925 Edition, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine - Scope Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection
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Text from Pages 1 - 275 of the 1925 volume:

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W 2,4 ,Mui an alfhafgnlfzf, wwf, 75"16Zld vuakfm QD gwmmlufchwd, It MQ wzuula 1444 vang' 1 4, nwywgdfrw ,yfgw ' ,144 J df, ' , - - Q.w!Q,,,g',s4,m Wdfafmzfs .f malmmzza 14.3 mls: W 59 Jw, ,aww -av., Mmfnff ' -V , dj u M mr ,-ta nm' nano' ' IZQMW, airmail M' a ' ' ' ' ' ' on ' cofu Ill. gf.. , I , , , rf, qaghmgl agff mfoymfaafdg L- 1 az IIILAI zz 1 gllgilklbl I 'I l , A" , 4f?' .,,ew, D, K ,KJ .aww fgwf A y f:ffm,. pw 9, !Jf7ymJZ 1 Z W Jwfm-Qmfz ,afm.Z'.Z....,m14,L,.2-QQ! www fffwf-W4 'V+ M! . L Mabffl lnzuJ42n..h5ua-9 Pl644 441201 f any :ffl Jyiraarnrw 1 W ' ina ' 1 J Qrfw ll .am 14Avu'14Y , N0 . ff e . wif A 4 '-'mms ' ' f- f' . P ' . ..,,,.g E r 4 4 1 THE 'SCOPE MEDICAL Scuoor. UNIVERSI'1'Y OF PENNSYL VOLUME XXII VUHLISIIICD ln' THE CLASS OF 1925 PIIILADICLPIIIA, PA. THE CLASS OF NINETEEN HUNDRED AND TWENTY-FIVE DEDICATES THIS VOLUME OF THE 'SCOPE TO JOHN CLEIVIENT HEISLER WITH FRIENDSHIP RESPECT AND ADMIRATION I S I Y ,,, 1 r 1 v I 5 . 5 4 I L 1 M i ' 2 . 5 H 6 i 1 5 f A X 1 I.. H 'R W 1 M Ab To the Members of the Class 0161925 To you, the Class of 1925, I would fain express my deep appreciation of the honor you accord me in dedicating to me this volume of The Scope. My appreciation is the greater by reason of the opportunity your action affords me of conveying to you my best wishes and hopes for your future success and well-being. In selecting medicine as your life work, you have chosen an exacting mistress, one so exacting that she mayrseem at times to be tyrannical and despotic. But the rewards she offers are great-not necessarily of a material character, but in the opportunities she affords for mental and spiritual growth and for service to society. For the giving of self to others, is after all, the key-note of earthly happiness. That one may not become sordid and cynical in the practice of a profession whose demands upon physical endur- ance, mental equilibrium and spiritual equanimity are often exorbitant, the cultivation of the things of the spirit is the essential thing-the possession of high ideals and the unremitting effort to realize them g the consciousness of the obligations imposed by the fact of being an alumnus of an Alma Mater of great and inspiring traditions and by the fact of having been adjudged worthy to assume the role of adviser and minister to those in distress of body or mind. With "Noblesse Oblige" inscribed upon your banner, "Go forth to meet the shadowy Future without fear and with a manly heart," and may all good things attend you. x mov? igrager OI-I, JUST, SUBTLE and MIGHTY LORD of LIFE! who hast fashioned out of the dead elements of the earthg this marvelous human organism that we have weighed and measured 5 touch our souls with the Promethean spark that we may never know weariness, nor diseouragement nor defeat in the pursuit of knowledge! Exalt our hearts that our work may be brave and earnest and true 5 that we may go on kindly ministries down lowliest waysg that we may be one in spirit with the great minds that in all ages have been the divine in- struments in the evolution of the race-and in the end-grant us the gift of dreamless sleep-OH, JUST, SUBTLE and MIGHTY LORD of LIFE. 9 W To the Class of1925: of the University Medical School, Greetings : Two great objects for which a School of Medicine exists are, First, the imparting to its students of such knowledge, theoretical and practical, as will enable them to enter upon the service of the community as physicians and surgeonsg Second, to inspire in them such a love of knowledge as will cause them to recognize that what we know is only a small part of what we may know, and that research in the field of medicine, particularly, is one of the most certain means of adding to the comfort and well-being of the race. The University Medical School accomplishes both these purposes, and the Class of 1925 have had imparted to them both information and inspiration. It is not every one that is qualilied to become a researcher, and many re- searchers would not necessarily succeed in the practice of the profession. flfhe particular field in which a graduate of the Medical School will work is determined largely by personal qualities, and by opportunities that open. .To be a graduate of the Medical School of the University of Pennsyl- vania is in itself a great distinction, not only because of the long and honor- able history and traditions, which lie back of the Medical School of the present, but because the thoroughness of the course, the ability of the Faculty, and the limitation in the number of students admitted, makes it practically impossible for one, who is not fitted to pursue medicine as a profession, to graduate from the University of Pennsylvania School. I congratulate you members of the Class of 1925 upon having completed the first stage of your journey. You are now in a position to pursue either the practice of medicine or research in the medical field, and every succeeding year spent in either practice or in research should greatly increase your powers. You have become members of a great distinguished company who, like you, have had the University of Pennsylvania as their Alma Mater. That your ambition will be high as a result of such a distinguished and inspiring lineage will, I am sure, lead to yet further triumphs as a class and as individuals. I wish you Godspeed with every hope for your future. MMU-F i F I 12 LL Q To the Class of 1925 At the commencement of the College and Academy of Philadelphia, now the University of Pennsylvania, held on the 30th and 31st of May, 1765, just one hundred and sixty years ago, john Morgan delivered his famous inaugural address, entitled "A Discourse upon the Institution of Medical Schools in America." Stop for a moment and think of what has been accom- plished during these one hundred and sixty years of medical education in this country. It is conceivable that there are living today men who as chil- dren spoke with those who, in their turn as children, had been taken to hear john Morgan deliver his address. If so much has been accomplished in so relatively a short time, what may we not expect in the future? It is my hope that in this coming development you will, many of you, take a prominent party but as john Morgan said in 1765 to the students, "Consider well, Gentle- men, how much depends upon your own diligence-'l'hinl4 how necessary it is to employ all your attention in order to accomplish so valuable an end- To this end place before your eyes the illustrious examples of great men, Who, by pushing their researches into the bosom of nature, have extended the bounds of useful science. 'lfread in their steps, become indefatigable in the cultivation of medical literature, and be earnest to bring it to perfection. The rewards of the rich, the countenance of the great, and the justly merited esteem of the good and the virtuous, which outlasts the fleeting years of humane date, will not be wanting for your encouragement. You will be in a condition to practice the healing arts with skill and reputation, and to transmit your knowledge, and the beneiits thereof, to a succession of othersf, ZOJZLQM ,affix 13 PTI' L: I Qi I ...gli fl f snfiifin NEW BUILDING FOR CHEMISTRY AND .-Xxxroxxx' X , QA f mf W J NSU if CAMPUS 15 Q. ,f--.hi ..-.-A N fill:-., , Hr, 44. . ,A - '2':v?T"fQ7fll4 ,4-- f H' if V' ..-iafiftifzfg ' "fav A X - ff i -. -ww 1 ' mill! ' l n - ..-Thlziafzif-A -x ggwl V fx ' . - A Ep.. '-ix' 2 W 'W f f I WT' 5--3Li ?2i:5i7i'5i???ff'1. 1 ' f ,. ' " - 5124- f rlsxffff ""' T s 5: 152541732221 IJ? EE " -F -1 -1-1 psy, -A ifFJ'Ef g:, ii 4 : 111 .1 3- -Uflff J, 'Q X xii! 211 Sf- A f Q H f-H : ff- Eiiili-F ggi- 'nl 'X ox -Q . ' ' f. 1 ' , ,Q ' , - . --- ,,.1,.vx:,3,A :Qf-1-. .5 15' - 4 k t R-' 5qgsf252g'Ef"fgh,!QW? 1 .. 'ff P f,b ..- ,ff-If -.-s 4!sifvgws1Le,,f-ae - Y fn' 'f ,gash ,. Q lem 1-'lf Q VF . 2 jf 'Q' , 17'-bm? 23i?.r1?5g5?i 599 "5 E ' U41 x W Q Q - ' ills si EF ff' X ,-Lvaagugr 's . ' yy? 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Lf tgilw' 'ff'- 4 -Liv 'EtF",f-Wm ""'h'7f---if 1+--.. ." '--w11.1zI" wizfssfrrlfQNL5:-15-.Pf1z:'NrlZ'f.:4.2' -.W - . ' 1' -f:f ,gfwff l,,'g...,,-,N 'f--. gn, -fy by'-.-.-.'.qg1--3.i',ffy-rp:,ppm fr: 'I ,ms ,,'-We ',,,,Qg1f'54?-iff' ---7-w..,f ,, .xi XXV , " ff- -'i' - ---- A -,Sf-+"ff'5',"'41""1-'T"1"'1'f"--'----.--" 'W' "W 5iv'zEPTf-'+1i?ifMf'79ix'f - - - Fi"'K3??-AFS?-9?aY . A iw-'H-gf ,ff-.. - ,gmt 55221955Q-aizsw'-filH9QUl!:4g5sgzAf4f-P 1-M lfjggbi-G'-Elv iv, 4---,wi--4f+.f -f if i::- '::v.:1yfELZ', f1-rf-h-vqS"ffi'.j'- a:'v.if-'ve 'LH " 1 -.5--M 'W a -""'-l-3--Q'-Fzxifiib-"Whf-"'h"" N' ""'L":f5e- ' 'vii'-57'2i'5:f"?i'5'51"5f'f-555352m,'ff75:fKj'Yu m . -'-----. ""' f ...-..L.-.,,,., ,,,,am ,Q-11347:7':???w,::-1,-Q:..,,,:W ,-WJQ.. .dofgmgm ..... -, .. , . " ,Aw ..,,Q,'Q f. ., ' L-F-BAYHA-I7 f fiz.:.':1?: ' f 1 -- ' .f.-f,:......4 . "" J , 'Z.,q,. ..,,:, 19 ,aff FACULTY , Zin jlillzmuriam PROFESSOR GEORGE ARTHUR PIERSOL By Dr. Jolm C. Hcisler Professor George Arthur Picrsol died on August 7, 1924, after an illness which began in January, 19:31. The so11 of Dr. Jeremiah Morris Piersol and Dr. Mina Ellinger Piersol, he was born in Philadelphia in 1856. Dr. Piersol was graduated from the Polytechnic College of Pennsylvania with the degree of Civil Engineer in 187-1 and from the Medical School, of the University of Pennsylvania, in 1877. After receiving his medical degree, he specialized in Ophthalmology, practicising this branch of medicine for several years. His early inclination, however, toward anatomical research was evinced by his choice of the minute anatomy of the cornea as the subject of his graduation thesis, a paper which evoked the hearty commendation and aroused the interest of Joseph Leidy, then professor of anatomy in the University Medical School. In pursuit of this inclination, he spent several years in graduate work at the Universities of Berlin, Wurzburg and Vienna. Beginning the teaching of histology in the Medical School of the University as Assistant Demonstrator, in 1877, Dr. Piersol was appointed Demonstrator of His- tology in 1882 and Professor of Histology and Embryology in 1890. Upon the death of Professor Joseph Lcidy in 1891, he was made Professor of Anatomy, his in- cumbency continuing until his retirement in 19722, when he was made Emeritus Proiessor. 22 Dr. Piersol received the honorary degree of Doctor of Science from Pennsyl- vania College in 1905 and also from the University of Pennsylvania in 1922. He was president of the American Association of Anatomists, 1910 to 1911. Among the scientific societies in which Dr. Piersol held membership, may be mentioned the College of Physicians of Philadelphia, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Association for Anatomists, the American Philosophical Society, the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences and the American Medical Association. ln addition to contributing numerous papers to scientific journals on subjects relating to anatomy, histology and embryology-such as, contributions to the histology of the Harderian gland, the development of the visceral arches and clefts and their derivatives in mammals, the structure of spermatozoa, the obliteration of the vermiform appendix, et cctera-Dr. Piersol published his text-book of "Normal Histologyu in 1893, the notable success of which is indicated by the fact that the book has gone through twelve editions, alld, in 1907, his "Human Ana- tomy," now in its eighth edition. lflis translation ot' Emil Villiger's "Brain and Spinal Cordl' was published in 1912. With the retirement of Dr. Piersol, the School of Medicine of the University lost an able teacher and an infiucntial factor in the educational life of the institution. Though not of an aggressive disposition and though by taste and inclination opposed to controversy, he nevertheless left his impress upon medical education. Thus. he was one of the pioneers in America in emphasizing the important relation of embryology to the study of human anatomy. Prior to his incumbency of the chair of anatomy, embryology had been regarded as a subject of rather abstract interest to the students of medicine, to be engaged in or to be ignored, according to individual taste and preference. Dr. Piersol, however, by the teaching of the facts of development in intimate connection with those of structure and form- correlating the two subjects in such manner as to bring out the relation between the facts of embryology and the peculiarities of adult structure-emphasized and, one may say, popularized the importance of a knowledge of the salient features of embryology not only to the proper understanding of human anatomy, but also to the profitable study of clinical medicine and surgery. During the last twenty- five years many apparent vagaries of anatomy, such as the asymmetry of the veins and arteries of the trunk, the anomalies of these structures as well as of many others, the significance of certain parts of the brain, such as the choroid plexuses, the ventricles, the foruix and the fibre-tracts have been rendered more intelligible and therefore more interesting to the student by bringing to his attention the respective modes of development of these structures. Not only as an efficient and inspiring teacher do the former students of Dr. Piersol hold him in grateful remembrance and high respect, but as the kindly and courteous gentleman, whose sympathetic interest and friendly help could always be counted upon, will his memory be enshrined in the hearts of those whom he taught. Of unfailing urbanity and of gentle dignity of manner, tactful, gracious. sincere, broadly cultured, he combined in a rare degree those qualities that one associates with the personality of the true gentleman. 23 Zin jllilemuriam PROFESSOR JGHN MARSHALL i Professor john Marshall died on January 6, 19:25, after an illness of several years' duration. , He was born in Reading, Pa., on February 9, 1855. Dr. Marshall was a student in the Pennsylvania College at Gettysburg from 1873 to 1876 and graduated in Medicine from the University of Pennsylvania in 1878. He then spent three years studying in Norway, Sweden and Germany. Beginning the teaching of Chemistry in the University of Pennsylvania he was appointed Assistant Demonstrator of Practical Chemistry, which position he held in 1878 and 1879, after which he became Demonstrator of Chemistry until 1889. He was appointed Professor of Chemistry and Toxicology in 1897 and held this position until 1922, since which time he has been the Emeritus Professor. From 1889 to 1897 Dr. Marshall was Dean of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania. From 1892 until 19073 Dr. Marshall was Dean of the Medical School of the University of Pennsylvania. Scope was fortunate in getting from Dr. ll. A. Hare a copy of his address at the funeral of Dr. Marshall, which follows: 24 I am here this afternoon at John Marshal1's request and not because I have the wit, the words, or the worth to speak on this occasion. But I am capable of offering a tribute, inadequate though it be, to him as a friend of many years, and as au old pupil. An old pupil in the sense that several decades have passed since I was under his eye as an undergraduate student, but always a devoted pupil in the sense that my acquaintance with him has taught me that conscientious accuracy must be the constant motive in a man's life. Men having such characteristics rarely appreciate that. without effort on their part, they inspire in all who come in contact with them a love of truth for truth's sake, and John Marshall was one of these. In great towns and villages, in laboratories and hospitals, there are today a multitude of men, who knowingly, or unknowingly, do the right thing because of his example. Would that they could have all come together during his lifetime, told him this fact, and thereby rewarded him for his priceless influence. How often the teacher dies without such evidence to brighten his declining years, so that we join the poet i11 saying: Why do we wait till ears are deaf Before we speak a kindly word And only utter thoughts of praise When not a whisper can be heard.? In these days of great commercial activity the man who loves science for its own sake stands out among the throng as does the beacon light above the dreary coast line, not only because of the purity of his motives, but because scientific investigation so pursued, leads other men to travel the same- path, with the result that true knowledge becomes manifest and his fellow-man is the ultimate beneficiary. There are some men whose lives are like narrow, noisome alleys in a great city and others whose lives resemble broad and open highways, always Hooded with God's sunshine and fresh air. Such men lead other men to tread the streets, or road, which I have just described, and so pass into the great open spaces of happiness. John Marshall belonged to this class. In the words of Oliver Wendell Holmes: "A whiter soul or fairer mind A life with purer thought and aim, A gentler eye, a voice more kind, We shall not hope on earth to find. The love that lingers round his name Is more than fame." Bowed in grief, those who knew John Marshall as comrade, student, teacher and investigator, thank God that for untold years after his death his influence for all that is good, all that is brave, and all that is noble, will continue to be felt, and the motives that animated him during life will be as a benediction upon those who were privileged to call him friend, 25 ,S r. Genrge hmunh he bthtneinitg 5-UB., ,f.'IlI.A., EJELD., QDLZII., ILE., Dim. Itlrnfvmanr nf Qllpltthalmnlngg IEHJZ--1524 By Dr. T. H. l'l0110-zeuy Dr. de Schweinitz returned to the University from the jefferson Medical College in 1902. lfrom that date until the time of his retirement in 10:2-L, it was my pleasure and privilege to serve under him as hospital or personal assistant, although in 1898 I had served as his intern at the l'hiladelphia General Hospital. With these facts in mind my keen appreciation of the privilege of noting these few remarks will he hetter understood. After a college training at Moravian College he graduated from the University in 1881 and later served as intern at the Children's and University Hospitals, From 1882-87 he quizzed on Dr. H. C. Xafoods' lectures on Therapeutics and acted as Proseetor of Anatomy for the illustrious Leidy from 18825 to '88. What an inspira- tion these two men must have been to him at the age of twenty-four. After serving a year C1891-1892j as Lecturer on Medical Ophthalmology, he was appointed 26 Clinical Professor of Ophthalmology 08925 at the Jefferson Medical College, succeeding to the chair in 1896. His numerous scientific contributions have been based upon thorough prepara- tion and exhaustive study, accurate and uncanny observation, concise yet graphic diction, and charming presentation. If we add to these characteristics his past clinical experiences and associations, his high regard for any trust he may hold and an unusual ability in sensing an audience, we can understand his success and ability as a teacher. His book on Diseases of the Eye has run through ten editions. ' Dr, deSchwcinitz has exhausted the ophthalmic honors in this country and is the only ophthalmologist who was ever accorded the honor of the Presidency of the American Medical Association. In 1923 he delivered the Bowman lecture before the Ophthalmological Society of the United Kingdom, the hrst time this honor has been accorded to any one on this side of the Atlantic. In 1924 he was invited to present a paper before the Societe Francaise d'Ophthalmologie, on which occasion there was presented to him a bronze plaquette. He was prompt to volunteer his services during the war and with Colonel Mosher was ordered to France in October, 1917, and later for a short time to England in order to study the methods of handling the ocular and oto-laryngologic cases and to observe the treatment of the blinded soldiers in St. Dunstans. In March, 1918, he returned to this country, where he was made Chief of the Ophth- almologic Section of the Division of llead Surgery in the oflice of the Surgeon General, and had full direction of the ophthalmic service at home. He acted as Consultant to various American hospitals and founded the School of Ophthalmol- ogy at Cwmp Oglethorpe. As a further contribution to the war he has written Section III Ophthalmology in the United States, 141 illustrations and VII colored plates, pp. 555-657 in the Medical Department of the United States Army in the VVor1d War. Vol. XI, Part 2, 1924. No one questions his outstanding position among those e1ninent in ophthal- mology and from each of his many facets there radiates a brilliancy that is as pleasing as it is sparkling and illuminating: healthful, warm and glowing, and in no sense actinic. . VVhile he has severed his connection with the Medical School, he has not been lost to medicine and ophthalmology, for he is actively engaged in practice. Still further, he has not been lost to the University, for in 1924 he was made a Professor of Ophthalmology in the Graduate School of Medicine, and in 1925 he became a Trustee of the University, in which capacity he will serve to good purpose. The Class of 1925 voted last year to present a picture of Dr. de Schweinitz to the Medical School. It .will be painted by Mr. Sciffert and we hope it will be finished in time to present formally before we graduate. ED, 27 Docfon DE SCI-IWEINITZ'S F.xREwE1.L LECTURE V Y , f y f , 1 v x 29 -F . 19. Qllruarr Griffith AB., QJNJII., iDh.iD. ltlrnfvssur nf lllehiatrirs 13914924 By Dr. A. Graeme Mitchell A. B., U. of Pa., lst in class, 1877, M. D., with lst prize for medical thesis, 1881g Ph.D., Instructor Clinical Medicine, University ot' Pennsylvania, 1889-961 Visiting Physician, St. Agnes' Hospital, 18893 Howard Hospital, 1890, Professor Clinical Medicine, Philadelphia Polyclinic, 1891-063 Clinical Professor Diseases of Children, 1891-133 Professor Pediatrics, 1913-24, University of Pennsylvaniag Visit- ing' Physician, Chi1dren's Hospital, 1891, Consulting Physician, XVOIIICIPS Hospital, 30 18969 St. Christopher's Hospital for Children, 1901.5 Consulting Pediatrist, Abington Memorial, jewish and Misericordia Hospitalsg Consulting Physician to the Widener Home for Crippled Children, the Philadelphia Home for Incurables, the Rush Hospital for Consumptivesg Editor Proc. of Coll. of Phys. for several years, and of International Clinics, at its start. Memorial Association American Physicians CTreasurer, 1900-171, American Pediatric Society, American Association Teachers of Diseases of Children, A. M. A., College Physicians Philadelphia, American Philosophy Society, Academy Natural Sciences, Pennsylvaniag Historical Society: Corresponding Member, Societe de Pediatric de Parisg President of the Board of Trustees of the Baptist Orphanage, one of the me1nbers and Chairman of the Board of Managers of the American Baptist Publication Society, member of the Board of the Crozer Theological Seminary. It is fitting that the official organ of the undergraduate body of the University of Pennsylvania Medical School should give recognition to the retirement of Dr. Griffith after 35 years of active service on the faculty. The students who will not have the advantage of sitting on the benches during his clinics have sustained a great loss. It is fortunate that many will yet have the privilege of sharing his vast experience, wonderful clinical sense, and his peculiarly extensive knowledge of pediatrics-his continued activity and interest in the Children's Hospital and in thc graduate school of the University of Pennsylvania, as well as in practice and in consultation work will make this possible. His many contributions to pediatric literature have all been of a nature which has been helpful and constructive and he has ever kept pace with the march of medical progress. In his text-book on the Diseases of Infants and Children he has done something which will be very difficult for any one to surpassg a book thought by many to be the best work of its type obtainable. One whose contact with an individual is only in a certain line may sometimes fail to realize the various phases of his activities. It is only necessary to read the foregoing resume of Dr. Grifi'ith's interest to see that they are many and that he possesses the rare quality of being proficient and accomplished in things outside of his life work. That he is great in the latter is obvious and nationally and internationally he is known as a leader in the Pediatric world. 'One who has worked many years in close association with him can testify to his kindliness and his fairness in dealing with his associates. The affection of children for him is but an expression of his gentleness in dealing with them and demonstrates better than can words alone the type of man he is. From these things there is much to learn as well as from the acquisition of mere medical knowledge. .31 r. 33. Qlexanher ihanhall AJS., MILA., DNJII., ljlhjll. Hrnfessnr nf Qlltnlugg 1 512-1924 By Dr. George F efterolf Dr. Burton Alexander Randall, Professor of Otology, in the University Medical School, from 1891 to 1924, having reached the University's retiring age, vacated his chair on July 1, 1924. Dr. Randall was born in Annapolis, Md., September 21, 1858. He attended St. Iohn's College, Annapolis, and graduated in the Class of 1877. Graduating at the early age of 19 he was nevertheless selected as Commencement Salutatorian. From this same college he received the degree of A. M., in 1880, the year of his graduation in medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. At the University he continued his custom of taking commencement honors, halving the Hrst prize for the best graduation thesis. The University also bestowed upon him the degree of Ph.D., in the "Course Auxiliary to Medicine," a course discontinued some years ago. He began his teaching by spending the years 1880-1882 as Assistant Demon- strator of Histology in the Medical School of the University. His other positions 32 have been Eye and Ear Surgeon, Episcopal Hospital, 1882-1891, Ophthalmologist and Otologist Clater Otologist onlyj, to the Chi1dren's Hospital, 1885, to date, Pro- fessor of Otology, Philadelphia Polyclinic, 1888-190:25 Ophthalmologist and Otologist Clater Otologist onlyb, Methodist Episcopal Hospital, 1896-19015 Professor of Otology, University of Pennsylvania, 1891-1924. Being a consistent contributor to medical literature he has had world-wide recognition in his specialty, and no text-book on otology can be consulted without linding references to his work. ln addition to numerous papers on otological and ophthalmological subjects he has been a co-author of the following books: "Photo- graphic lllustrations of the Anatomy of the Ear, 1887," "American Text-Book of Diseases of the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat, 1890? Elected a fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia in 1887, he was one of the organizers, was one time chairman and continues to be a very active member of the Section on Otology and Laryngology. He has had many honors bestowed upon him and he holds membership in many societies. Among these are The American Otological Society, The American Ophthalmological Society and the American Laryngological Association. Of the lirst of these he has been President, and he is OIIC of very few men to have been elected to Fellowship in all three of these national blue-ribbon societies. Possessed of a restless intellect, an analytic mind and a tireless activity, Dr. Randall's habit has been to take nothing for granted and no detail of his work has been allowed to escape his careful scrutiny and his keen reasoning faculties. Always a student, he couples with this conservatism of judgment, an optimism as to the vis n1edicatrix naturae, which has carried many patients through crises without resort to the radical measures that lesser men would have advocated. Gifted with a retentive memory, his storehouse of classiiied information is freely opened to all who may knock at the door. In his lectures, in his talks at society meetings, in personal conversations, there is poured out a wealth of ripe knowledge that enriches and delights his auditors. No matter what major or minor subject in otology is Linder discussion he always has a fund of knowledge and a rounded point of view wherewith to illuminate and clarify the point at issue. Widely read in the best of the world's literature, and possessed of a rare sense of humor, he frequently enlivens his scientific talk with sparkling bits of crystalline illustrative comment. To his colleagues and to his junior associates he always has been the helpful, considerate consultant. No distance would be too long, no sacrifice too great, no weather too inclement, no time too inconvenient, no patient too humble, to prevent him from genially and quickly coming to a brother physician's aid. His knowledge of anatomy and pathology, his quick clearness of diagnosis, his ripe surgical judg- ment, and his therapeutic resourcefulness are a joy and an aid to the many who have availed themselves of his helpfulness. If he becomes a trifle vexed at the views expressed by a younger and less evenly balanced professional brother, he sometimes pleasantly dismisses the subject by saying that he would have to leave such views or procedures to his Hyoungers and bettersf' Upon giving up his teaching of undergraduates Dr. Randall was elected Pro- fessor of Otology in the Graduate School, so fortunately the University will retain his services in the specialty which he has practiced, enlightened and taught for many years. '- 33 Emeritus 3Brufessurs Cibarlts ZR. mills lfllpjll., 93.53. lilrufrssnr nf Nrurulngg 15113-1915 QEhtnariJ E. ikeirhert zT'I.!D.,Srr.iII. ltlrnfessut nf iilhgsiulngg 1885-1921 Zahn 38. Beamer IJHJD., Sr.il'I., 35133. Zlulm ZIl1ea mxrtrm Hrnfesnnr nf Elvrmntnlngg 1913-1922 milton 316. Iaartgell AJR., !?H.4'l'l., Eihlll. iilrnfvsunr nf Smrgvrg 1 H1 1-1921 Thomas SR. jlieilsun MLA., !M.iIl. lllrnfvssnr nf G5vnitu-urimxrg Smrgvrg 1512-1523 36 BARTON COOKE HIRST Professor of Obstetrics A. B. University of Pennsylvania, and M.D. Q1S83j, LL.D,, University of Pittsburghg F.A.C.S. Resident Physician, University Hospital C1883-84jg post- graduate study at the Universities of Berlin, Munich, Heidelberg and Vienna Q1884-8653 Professor of Obstetrics at the University of Pennsylvania Csince 188953 Gynecologist to the Howard and Orthopedic Hospitals. Fellow of Philadelphia ' ' 1 ' d cor- College of Physiciansg member of American Gynecologica Society an responding member of Societe d'Obstetrique et dc Gynecologic de Paris. Author ' ' ' "' ' 'nt author Cwith Dr of "Text Book of Obstetrics' and "Diseases of Women, Joi . fl ' Piersolj of "Human Monstrositiesf' author of an Atlas of Operative G ne s 1 1 y co1ogyg" contributor of numerous articles to various journa s. 37 ALEXANDER C. ABBOTT Pepper Professor of Hygiene and Bacteriology Preliminary education: Baltimore Collegeg M.D. University of Maryland 1188455 1-lon. Sc.D. University of Maryland 090853 Hon. Dr.P.H. University of Pennsylvania 11.91253 post-graduate work, johns Hopkins University, University of Munich, Royal Bavarian Polytcchnicum, Munich, and the University of Berlin. Formerly Assistant in Bacteriology and Hygiene, Johns Hopkins University, Special Lecturer, Johns Hopkins Universityg Assistant in charge of thc Labora- tory of Hygiene, University of Pennsylvania, and at present Pepper Professor of Hygiene and Bacteriology, and Director of the Laboratory and of the School of Hygiene of the University of Pennsylvania. Member of the Board of Health of Philadelphia, member of of the American Philosophical Society, Fellow of C01- lege of Surgeons, Philadelphia, Association of American Physicians, Society for Experimental Medicine and Biology, Philadelphia Pathological Societyg Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and of the College of Physicians' of Philadelphia. Colonel, U. S. Army C19195. 38 ALFRED STENGEL Professor of Medicine M.D. University of Pennsylvania 1188933 Sc.D. University of Pittsburgh 1191013 LL.D. Lafayette. Physician-in-chief to the University Hospitalg formerly Pathologist to the Lankenau Hospitalg Physician to the Howard Hospital, the Philadelphia General Hospital, the Children's Hospital and the Pennsylvania Hospitalg Professor of Clinical Medicine, Woman's Medical College. Editor of the American journal of the Medical Sciences. Member of the Association of American Physicians, American Philosophical Society, College of Physicians of Philadelphia, Association of Pathologists and Bacteriologists, WaSl1ll1gtOl1 Academy of Science, and Philadelphia Pathological Society. Author of "Text- book of Pathology," "Diseases of the Blood," "Twentieth Century Practice of Medicine, Vol. VII,"' "Diseases of the 1ntestines" in Osler's "Modern Medicine," American Editor of Nothnagel's "System of Medicinef' "Rheumatism and Influ- enza" in Musser and Kelly's "Text-book of Medicine," "Disease of the Liver and the Biliary System," Nelson Loose Leaf System of Medicine. Major, M. O. C. C191SJ. 39 Joi-iN G. CLARK Professor of Gynecology Preliminary education in Public Schools, Earlham College and Ohio Wesley- an Universityg M.D. University of Pennsylvania 1189155 post-graduate work at johns Hopkins University and the Universities of Leipzig and Prague. Resident Physician, Bellevue Hospital, New York Cityg Children's Hospital, Philadelphia, and the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Professor of Gynecology, University of Pennsylvania Csince 189955 Gynecologist-in-Chief to the University of Penn- sylvania Hospitalg Consulting Gynecologist to the Woman's College Hospital, Germantown Hospital, etc. Member of College of Physicians of Philadelphia, Philadelphia Obstetrical Society, Southern Surgical and Gynecological Associa- tion, International Surgical Socictyg consultant member of the American Clinical Surgical Society. American editor of Winter and Ruge's "Gynecological Diagno- sis." President of the Clinical Congress of North America, President of the American Gynecological Society 119171, member of the Medical Committee of Council of National Defenseg President of Philadelphia Medical Club. 40 CHARLES 11. FRAZIER folm Rhea Barton, Professor of Surgery B.A. University of Pennsylvania 1188935 M.D, flsliifbi Matriculate University of Berlin C1895Dg 1-Ion. ScD.g Surgeon to the University Hospital. Professor of Clinical Surgery C1900-2255 Dean of the Medical .Department of the University of Pennsylvania C1902-OSD, John Rhea Barton, Professor of Surgery Csince 19225. Member of Society of Clinical Surgery, American Surgical Association, American Neurological Association, American Philosophical Society, American Association for the Advancement of Science, College of Physicians of Philadelphia, Academy of Surgery, etc. Author of "Surgery of tl1e 1-lead, Neck and Chest," "Progressive Medicine" and contributor to "Keeu's Surgery," Chapters X, XI, XII. XIII, XIV. Vol. Ig Chapter LXXIX, Vol, V, including' Thrombosis and Embolism, Erysipe- las, Tetanus, Disease caused by Special Infections and Diseases directly derived from Animals and Insects, and Scurvyg and contributor of numerous articles t0 various medical journals, especially to Surgery of the Nervous System. 41 CHARLES VV. B URR Professor of Mental Diseases B.S. University of Pennsylvania 1188335 M.D. 118861. Resident Physician, Germantown Hospital 1188715 Resident Physician, Orthopedic Hospital and In- firmary for Nervous Diseases 1188855 Neurologist of the Philadelphia General Hospital Csince 189635 one time Professor of Nervous Diseases in the Philadel- phia Polyclinic Hospital and Visiting Physician to St. ,loseph's Hospitalg Profes- sor of Mental Diseases in the University of Pennsylvania 1since 1901Jg Visiting Physician to the Philadelphia Orthopedic Hospital and Infirmary for Nervous Diseases. Formerly President of the Philadelphia Neurological Society, the Pathological Society of Philadelphia, the American Neurological Association and the Philadelphia Psychiatric Societyg Fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia. Contributor to numerous medical journals, the articles relating especially to Neurology. 42 ' A l, LEN I. SMl'l.'H Professor of Pathology and of Comfvamtirfe Palhology, and Director of Co1n'se.s' in Tropical Medicine A.B. Pennsylvania College, Gettysburg C1883j' Sc.D. C1910j' LL.D. 09015 ! P I "' 5 M.D. University of Pennsylvania C182-RGD, LL.D. McGill University C1911j. Resi- dent Physician, Philadelphia Hospital 11886-8753 Assistant Demonstrator of Path- ological Histology, University of 'l'ennsylvania c1l.887'91Dj Professor of Pathology, University of Texas C1891-19033, Professor of Pathology and of Comparative Pathology, and Director of Courses in Tropical Medicineg Pathologist to the Philadelphia General Hospital Csince 19031. Member of Philadelphia Pathological Society, College, of Physicians of Philadelphia, Academy of Natural Sciences, Texas Academy of Science, American Philosophical Society, American Society of Pathology and Bacteriology, American Society of Tropical Medicine. Lieuten- ant-Colonel, M. O. R. C. 09185. 43 CHARLES PREVUST GRAYSON Pffofcssor of Lairyngology and Rhiinology Preliminary education: Yonkers Military Acaclemyg M.D. University of Penn- sylvania C1881Dg post-graduate work in London, l,'aris and Vienna C1881-83J. Resident Physician, Pennsylvania Hospital C1883-8455 Surgeon to the Charity Hospital 088555 Assistant Physician in Throat Dispensary, University Hospital M888-94Dg Instructor in Laryngology 1189-t-9515 Chief Physician in Throat Dis- pensary fsince 189513 Lecturer in Laryngology C1895-190315 Professor of Laryn- gology and Rhinology fsince 19020: Laryngologist to the University Hospital and Laryngologist and Otologist in thc Philadelphia General Hospital fsince 19041. American editor of Gruenwald's "Atlas of Diseases of the Larynxg" Au- thor of Text-book "Diseases of the Nose, Throat and Ear." Various papers and contributions to medical journals. Member of numerous Medical Societies, including the College of l'hysieians. of Pliilaclelpliia. 44 WILLIAM G. SPILLER Professor of Neurology M.D. University of Pennsylvania 0893235 post-graduate work in London 7 Berlin, Vienna and Paris C1892-955. Clinical Professor of Diseases of the Nervous System, Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania Csince 190253 Demonstrator- of Neuropathology, University of Pennsylvania C1900-0113 Assistant Clinical Professor of Nervous Diseases and Assistant Professor of Neuropathology C1901-031. Professor of Neuropathology and Associate Professor of Neurology C1903-1515 Professor of Neurology Csince 191531 Neurologist to the University Hospital and Philadelphia Hospitalg Consulting Neurologist to the Epileptic Colony Farm. Neurologist to the New jersey Training School for Feeble-Minded Boys and Girls. Member and former president of the Philadelphia Neurological Societyg President of the American Neurological Association c1905DQ Fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia. Foreign corresponding member of the Neurological Society of Parisg Editor of "The Eye and Nervous Systemn Cwith Dr. W. C. Poseybg contributor of many papers to various medical journals, Former Consulting Neurologist to the Pennsylvania and Bryn Mawr Hospitals. 45 DANIEL J. McCAR'l'l'l.Y Professor of Medical Jurisprudence Graduate, Central High School, Philadelphia 089255 M.D. University of Pennsylvania Q18955. Resident Physician in the Philadelphia Hospital C1895- 9655 Resident, Orthopedic Hospital 1189753 post-graduate work, Leipzig, Berlin and Vienna C1898-995. Assistant Neurologist, Philadelphia Hospital Q1901-035g Visiting Neurologist, Philadelphia Hospital Qsince 190355 Visiting Neurologist, Henry Phipps Institute fsince 190453 Visiting Neurologist, St. Agnes' Hospital fsince 190753 Consulting Neurologist, State Hospital for the Insane at Norris- town, Pa.g Consulting Neurologist, Phoenixville Hospital, Kensington Hospital for Tuberculosis and St. Cl1l'lStO1Jll6I',S Hospitalg Associate to William Pepper Clinical Laboratory Csince 189755 Professor of Medical Jurisprudence CGeorgC B. Wood Foundation5, University of Pennsylvania Csince 19045g member of University Unit in charge of American Red Cross Commission to Russia C191753 member of the United States Government Committee to investigate British Military Prisons in Germany 119165. 46 R. TAIT MCKENZIE Professor of Physical Education and Physio-Therapy Ottawa Collegiate Institute, B.A. McGill University C1889Dg M.D. C189f3Jg LL.D. C1921J. Demonstrator then Lecturer in Anatomy, McGill University C1894-190453 Medical Director of Physical Training, McGill funtil 190-tjg Lecturer, Artistic Anatomy, Montreal Art Associationg Director of the Department of Physical Education, University of Pennsylvania fsince 19041. Awarded King's Medal by Gustavus V. of Sweden for distinguished service in sculpture at Olympic Games 119121 President of Society of Directors of Physical Education in Col- leges C1912j. Fellow Philadelphia College of Physicians and American Medical Association and Academy of Physical Education, America. Later Major, R. A, M. C. Author of "Exercise in Education and Medicine," "Reclaiming the Maimed," and articles on Anatomy, Physical Education and Art. 47 A. N. RICHARDS Professor of Pluzrmacology Graduate of Yale, A.B. 089713 M.A. 1189915 Ph.D. Columbia C19011g post- graduate workg Columbia University, in Physiological Chemistry, Physiology and Bacteriology, Assistant and Tutor in Physiological Chemistry, College of Physi- cians and Surgeons, New York C1898-190415 Instructor in Pharmacology, College of Physicians and Surgeons c1904'O8DQ Professor of Pharmacology in Northwestern University C1908-101. Member of the Harvey Society, Society of Experimental Medicine and Biology, American Society of Biological Chemists, American Physiological Society, American Society of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Philadelphia Pathological' Society. Associate Editor of Journal of Biological Chemistry and Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeu- tics. Special work in England in the Laboratory of the British Medical Re- search Committee and member of the Special Committee appointed to investigate the "shock" problem C1917-181. Major in U. S. Army, assigned to investigate the problems connected with gas warfare at A. E. F. Experimental Field, Chaumont, France. 48 HENRY K. PANCOAST Professor of ROC1lfgl3lIl7Il2g.V ' Graduate, Friends' Central School, Philadelphia C1892Dg M.D. University of 1'ennsylvania 08985. lntern, University of l'eunsylvania Hospital Q1898-190055 Assistant in Clinical Surgery and Assistant Demonstrator of Surgery C1901-045g Lecturer on Skiagrapliy, University of Pennsylvania, and Skiagraplier to the Uni- versity llospital C1905-Jljg Professor of ,Roentgenology and Rocntgenologist to the University Hospital fsince 191235. ,Radiological Staff, Philadelphia General 1-Iospitalg Anierican Rocntgen Ray Society, President 419131: American Radium Society, President 11953115 Radiological Society of North Americag Member Alpha Omega Alpha Honorary Societyg American Medical Association. Lieutenant CJ. GJ, United States Navy 110185. 49 DAVID RIESMAN Professor of Clinical Medicine Preliminary education: Public High School, Portsmouth, Ohiog studied Medi- cine at University of Michigan Cone yearjg M.D. University of Pennsylvania C1892Jg post-graduate work, Berlin 119053. Resident Physician to Philadelphia General Hospital C1892-935g Visiting Physician to Philadelphia General and Uni- versity Hospitalsg Professor of Clinical Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, formerly Professor of Clinical Medicine, Philadelphia Polyclinic and College for Graduates in Medicine. Member of Association of American Physicians, College of Physicians, Philadelphia Pathological, Neurological and Pediatric Societies, American Medical Association, American Gastroenterological Association. Inter- urban Clinical Clubg Member of Sigma Xi and Alpha Omega Alpha Honorary Fraternities. Editor of "American Text-book of Pathology" Cwith Ludvig Hek- toenjg and author of many chapters in standard medical worksg numerous articles in medical journals. Member of American Association for Advancement of Sci- ence, member of Tuberculosis and Cardiovascular Board of United States Army. Major, M. O. R. C. 09183. 50 JOSEPH SAILER Professor of Clinical Medicine Preliminary education in the Philadelphia Public Schools: Ph.B. University of Pennsylvania 088653 M.D. 118911, receiving the Medical News prize for a thesis on "Ouabain." Resident Physician at the Presbyterian and Philadelphia Hospitalsg studiedgin Paris, Vienna and Zurichg Visiting Physician to the Uni- versity, Philadelphia and Presbyterian Hospitals, Pathologist to the Pennsylvania Training School for Feeble-Minded Children, has held the University positions of Demonstrator of Pathology, Instructor, Associate and Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicineg Professor of the Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in the Philadelphia Polyclinic. Member of the Association of American Physicians, American Medical Association, Interurban Clinical Club, College of Physicians, Society for Clinical Investigation, etc. Lieutenant-Colonel, M. O. R. C. 119181. 51 JOHN CLEMENT HEISLER Professor of Anatomy Educated in public and private Schools and by private tutoring. Graduated from the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy 088355 M.D. University of Penn- sylvania t18S7Q. Resident Pliysician, St. Mary's Hospital, Philadelphia 0887-88jg Prosector to the Chair of Anatomy, University of Pennsylvania C1888-SSD, and during a part of this time Assistant Demonstrator of Obstetrics and Curator of the Wistar and Horner Museumg Instructor in Diseases of the Chest in the Phila- delphia Polyclinic Hospital for several yearsg Professor of Anatomy, Medico- Chirurgical College of Philadelphia C1898-19163, Professor of Anatomy, Univer- sity of Pennsylvania Csince 19161. Member of the Philadelphia Pediatric, County Medical, a11d Pennsylvania State Medical Associations and the Association of American Anatomistsg Fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia. Author of "A Text-book of Embryology" 118985, "A Text-book of Practical Anatomy" Q191f3jg Collaborator in the illustrating of"'Piersol's Anatomy." 52 -I t JSlCl.',lrI' MeIf'A RLAN I J Professor of Pczllzology and Bacteriology Preliininary education in the Philadelphia Puhlic Schools and the Laudcrhach Academyg M.D. University of Pennsylvania 08893: Sc.D. Ursinus 119110, llgsi- dent Physician to Philadelphia General llospital qisxsz-smoyg studied in Heidelherg and Vienna C1890-ULD: Assistant to the Professor of Pathology and Assistant Demonstrator of Pathological Histology, University of Pennsylvania C189:2jg First Lecturer on Bacteriology, University of Pennsylvania H893-9453 Adjunct Professor of Pathology in the Philadelphia Polyclinic Hospital 0.894-9653 Pro- fessor of Pathology and Bacteriology, Medico-Chirnrgical College C1896-15114333 Pathologist to the Philadelphia General Hospital tsince 189755 Professor of Pathology in the VVoman's Medical College of Pennsylvania C1012-1555 Professor of Pathology and Bacteriology, University of Pennsylvania fsince 19163. Author of "The Pathogenic Bacteria and Protozoa,"' "Biology-General and Medical," "The Breast-lts Anomalies and lts Diseases and Their Treatment" tin collaho- ration with Dr. .Iohn B. Deaverjg mliext-hook of Pathology," "Fighting Foes Too "Surgical Pathology," "Lessons in Pathological Histology" CTraus- Small to See," lation from the French of Roussy and Bertrandl. Major, U. S. Army 119185. 53 HORATIO C. WOOD, JR. Professor of Pllarmacology and Therapeutics Graduated from the University of Pennsylvania, M.D. Q1896D. Resident Physician, University Hospital M896-975, post-graduate study at the University of Berne, Switzerland, and at the University of Turin, Italy. Appointed Demon- strator of Pharmacotlynamics, University of Pennsylvania Q1898D3 Associate Pro- fessor of Pharmacology, University of Pennsylvania Q1906jg Professor of Phar- macology and Therapeutics in the Meclieo-Chirurgical College C1910Jg Professor of Pharmacology and Tlicrapeutics in the University of Pennsylvania 119161. Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Ameri- can Medical Association, Philadelphia College of Physicians, American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, and the American Therapeutic Society. Editor of "United States Dispensaryng Author of "A Text-book of Pharmacology." 54 JOSHUA EDWIN SWEET Profesxor of Surgical Research Preliminary education, Unadilla Academy, Unaclilla, New Yorkg A.B. Ham- ilton College 11897Jg A.M. 1190033 Sc.D. 1192213 Root Fellow, Class of 1897, Hamilton Collegeg M.D. University of Giessen, Germany 1190155 Pasteur lnsti- tute, Paris 1190155 Scott Fellow in Hygiene, University of Pennsylvania 11901- O2jg Fellow of the Rockefeller Institute flllllif-0-l'DQ Rockefeller Institute, New York City 11904-061. Associate in Surgical Research, University of Pennsylvania 11906-0855 Assistant Professor of Surgical Research 11908-1713 Professor of Sur- gical Research 119175. Fellow of the American College of Surgeons, Philadelphia Academy of Surgery, American Physiological Society, Society of Experimental Pathology, Experimental Biology and Medicineg Surgical Research Societyg Physiological Society of Philadelphiag American Medical Associationg Honorary member Lehigh Valley Medical Association. Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi and Alpha Omega Alpha Honorary Fraternities. "The Surgery of the Pancreas," Alvarenga Prize Essay 119155, "The Gall Bladder, lts Past, Present and Future," Mutter Lecture 119219. Numerous articles to current journals. Lieutenant- Colonel, Consultant in Surgical Research, A. E. F. 55 A. ,mance GILL 1'rofvssor of Orllzopvdic Sln'gc'ry Graduated from Muskingum College, A.li. Qlstltijg M..D. University of Penn- sylvania 119051. Resident Physician at the Presbyterian Hospitalg Chief Resi- dent, Widener Memorial School for Crippled Children C1906-10jg Assistant Sur- geon, Presbyterian Hospital Q1Sl05-191513 Assistant Surgeon to Wicleller Memo- rial Industrial Home C1910-72013 Orthopedic Surgeon to the Episcopal llospital Csince 191615 Assistant Surgeon in Orthopedic Department at the University Hospital C1914-155: Surgeon to the Orthopedic Hospital Csince 19195: Orthopedic Surgeon to the Presbyterian Hospital Csince 12l15jg Orthopedic Surgeon, Abing- ton Memorial Hospital C1913-19J: Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon, St. Edmond'S Home for Crippled Children Csince 19191: Professor of Orthopedic Surgery Csince 195315. Fellow of the Philadelphia Academy of Snrgeonsg Fellow of l'hiladelphia College of Physicians: Member of American Medical Association and American Orthopedic Associationg Member of Sigma Xi and Alpha Omega Alpha Honorary Fraternities. 56 XVll4LlAM lfl. F. AIJIHSON l?1'0fcssor of Normal Histology and Embryology A.B. University of Torontog M.l3. University College Ll90:3jg M.D. Univer- sity of Pennsylvania 091713 studied Comparative Neurology with Professor Lud- wig' Edinger, Neurological Institute, Frankfurt-am-Main Csummers 1912-13-1453 and with Dr. Arieus Kappers, Netherlands Brain Institute, Amsterdam Csummer of 19r21jg Demonstrator of Normal Histology and Embryology, University of Pennsylvania C1905-17253 Assistant Professor 11912-1923 Professor of Normal His- tology and Embryology Csince 19191. Member of the American Association of Anatomists, American Society of Naturalists, Philadelphia Pathological Society, Corporation of the Marine Biological Association, Wood's. Hole, Mass.g Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, College of Physi- cians of Philadelphiag Contributor of Papers on subjects in Histology, Embry- ology and Neurology to the American Journal of Anatomy, Journal of Morphol- ogy, Journal of Comparative Neurology, and the Anatomical Record. 57 GEORGE WILLIAM NORRIS Professor of Clinical Medicine . A.B. University of Pennsylvania f18957j M.D. University of Pennsylvania 089915 Physician to the Pennsylvania Hospitalg Fellow of the College of Physi- cians, Philadclphiag Member of: Association of American Physicians, American Medical Association, Pathological Society of Philadelphia, Academy of Natural Sciences, American Clinical and Climatological Association, American Philosophi- cal Society. Author of "Studies in Cardiac Pathology" f1911Dg "Croupous Pneumonia," in Osler and McCrea's "Modern Medicine" C1913j, Vol. Ig "Blood Pressure, Its Clinical Applications," Ild cditiong "Diseases of the Chest and the Principles of Physical Diagnosis" 119171, Cin collaboration with H. R. M. Landis, M.D.J, 2d editiong also 48 articles on various topics appearing in Medical jour- nals. Colonel, M. C., U. S. Arinyg Chief Medical Consultant, Fourth Army Corps, Lecturer on Toxic Gases, Army School at Langresg Chief Medical Consultant for U. S. Hospitals in England. Cited hy General Pershing CMarch, 1920j "For Ex- ceptionally Meritorious and Conspicuous Services as Senior Consultant in Medi- cine for Divisions in Toul Sector." 58 HENRY CUTHBERT BAZETT Professor of Physiology Preliminary education at Dover College, Dover, England. Wadham College, Oxford C1904-08Dg St. Thomas's Hospital, London C1908-12Dg B.A. Oxford, 19085 CFirst class honors, Physiologyjg B.M.B.Ch. Oxford 1191155 M.A. Oxford 1191959 M.D. Oxford f1920Dj L.R.C.P. England f1911Dg M.R.C.S. England 1191115 F.R.C.S. England Q1911Dg Cheselden Medal for Surgery, St. Thomas's Hospital C1910jg Radcliffe Traveling Fellowship, Oxford C1911-145, Fellow Magdalen College, Oxford C1912-2013 Demonstrator of Physiology, St. Thomas's Hospital Medical School Q1910-1155 Study at Harvard University, Department of Comparative Physiology C1912-1335 Demonstrator of Pathology, Oxford C1913-1413 Lecturer in Clinical Physiology, Oxford f1919-20. Member of American and English Physio- logical Societiesg Fellow of College of Surgeons, England. Contributor to Manual of War Surgery, Barling 81 Morrison, Various articles in Medical journals. Cap- tain in English Army C1914-1955 O. B. E. Military f1919D. 59 ARTIAIUR A. STEVIENS Professor of Applied T1zm'ajwutiv.i Graduate from the University of Pennsylvania, M.D. flifslipg Post-graduate student in the University of Pennsylvania 1188795 Intern in the Philadelphia Hos- pital C1887-8813 Post-graduate student in Vienna and London 1188913 Lecturer on Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Qllllll-722.215 Professor of Applied Thera- peutics c1922JQ Professor of Pathology, Won1an's Medical College of Pennsyl- vania flgsg-19125: Professor of Therapeutics and Clinical Medicine, VVoman's Medical College of Pennsylvania Qsincc 1917255 Visiting' Physician to the Phila- delphia General Hospital, Episcopal and St. Agnes' Hospitals. Author of "Manual of Practice of Medicine." "Modern Therapeutics" and "The Practice of Medi- cine." Member of the American Medical Association, College of Physicians of Philadelphia, 'Philadelphia Pediatric Society. 60 f DAVID VVRIGHT WILSON Benjamin: Rush Professor of Physiological Chemistry B.S. Grinnell Coilegc 1191013 M.S. University of Illinois f1912Jg Ph.D. Yale C101-Q3 Assistant, Associate and Associate Professor of Physiological Chemistry, johns Hopkins University Medical School 11914-32253 Benjamin Rush Professor of .Physiological Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania fsince 19221. Member of the American Society of Biological Chemists, the American Physiological Society and the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicineg Member of the Phi Beta Kappa and Sigma Xi Honorary Fraternities. Contributor of articles to the Journal of Biological Chemistry and the American journal of Physiology. 61 ASTLEY PASTON COOPER ASHHURST Professor of Clinical Surgery Educated at the liorsythe School, Philadelphia. A.B. University of Pennsyl- vania C1896J3 M.D. University of Pennsylvania C1900D. Resident Physician Cl1ildren's Hospital 41900-0171 Episcopal Hospital C1901-0333 Prosector of Ap- plied Anatomy at the University of Pennsylvania C1904-191153 Instructor of Sur- gery C1911-2015 Associate in Surgery C1920-2355 Professor Clinical Surgery, Uni- versity of Pennsylvania fsince 192333 Surgeon to the Dispensary of the Episcopal Hospital C1903-1353 Associate Surgeon to the Episcopal Hospital c1913'15JQ Sur- geon to the Episcopal Hospital fsince 19l5Jg Assistant Surgeon to the Phila- delphia Orthopedic Hospital C1904-14Dg Surgeon to the Philadelphia Orthopedic Hospital Csince 191415 Assistant Surgeon to the Dispensary of the Lankenau Hospital C1904-0653 Surgeon to the Dispensary of the Children's Hospital Q1906- 11,3 Chief of the Gynecological Out-Patient Department of the Pennsylvania Hospital Q1906-111. Fellow of the College of Physicians, the Philadelphia Acad- emy of Surgery, the American Surgical Association, the American College of Surgeons, the International Society of Surgeryg Member of the Interurban Sur- gical Society and the Society of Clinical Surgery. Author of "Enlargement of thc Prostate," "Surgery of the Upper Abdomen" Cwith Dr. John B. Deaverj, "An Anatomical and Surgical Study of Fractures of the Lower End of the Humerusn QGross Prize Essay, 1910D, "Surgery, Its Principles and Practice." Citation for exceptionally meritorious and conspicuous service in April, 1919, while a Colonel in the Medical Reserve Corps, U. S. Army. 62 GEORGE P. MULLER Professor of Clinical Surgery Preliminary education in the Philadelphia public schools, graduating from the Central High School CA.B. in 18953. M.D. University of Pennsylvania 1189955 Intern, Lankenau Hospital C1899-190721. Successively, Assistant Instructor, In- structor, Associate and Professor of Clinical Surgery i11 the Medical School, Pro- fessor of Surgery and Vice-Dean for Surgery in the Graduate School of Medicineg Surgeon to the University and the Misericordia Hospitalsg Consulting Surgeon to the Chester County Hospital. Contributor of about forty-five articles to sur- gical literature and to text-books. Fellow of the American Surgical Association, American Medical Association, and American College of Surgeonsg Fellow of the College of Physicians and Academy of Surgery of Philadelphiag Member of the Interurban and Clinical Surgical Societiesg Chairman of the Surgical Section of the American Medical Association c1921D: Vice-President of the American Col- lege of Surgeons C192fZJg Lieutenant-Colonel, M. O. R. C. 63 T. TURNER THQMAS Associate Pr0fc.r.s'0r of Applied Anatomy Graduated from Pliillips-lflxeter Academy, N. ll. 0892355 M.D. University of Pennsylvania C18955. Resident Physician, University Hospital 0896-9755 Volun- teer Assistant Demonstrator in Dissecting Room and Assistant in Pathological Laboratory 0897-9855 Assistant Demonstrator in the Dissecting Room 11898- 190055 Assistant Demonstrator in Operative Surgery C1900-0353 Prosector to Associate Professor of Applied Anatomy 11899-19025g Surgical Anesthetizer to the University Hospital cllloii-0551 Assistant Instructor in Surgery C1903-0653 Instructor of Surgery C1906-085g Associate in Surgery C1908-192255 Associate Professor of Applied Anatomy Csince 191153 Assistant Surgeon to Philadelphia General Hospital M903-0953 Surgeon tsince 19095: Assistant Surgeon to the Uni- versity Hospital C1905-192255 Surgeon-in-Chief to Northeastern I-lospital. Fellow of College of 'I'hysicians, Academy of Surgery, American College of Surgeons, and American Medical Association. Contributor to "American Practice of Sur- gery" and "Keen's System of Surgery." Author of "A Syllabus of Surgical Anatomy." Contributor to numerous journals. Associate Professor of Surgery in Graduate School. ' 64 JACQB MORGAN CGFFIN Assistant Professor of Mililary Science and Tactics Lieutenant-Colonel, Medical 1DC1J2l.l'll11Cllf, United States Army. Preliminary education, Biological School, University of Pennsylvaniag M.D. University of Pennsylvania 1190013 Resident Physician, Presbyterian Hospital, Philadelphia 51900-0113 Commissioned Regular Army 11905255 Graduate Army Medical School 1190355 Graduate Mounted Service School 1191291 American Medical Associationg Fellow of College of Surgeons. 65 MERKEL HENRY JACOBS Professor of GeneraliPhysi0logy A.B. University of Pennsylvania c1905,Q Ph.D. 090815 Special Work in Physiology and Medical Sciences, University of Berlin 41908-099. Instructor in Zoology, University of Pennsylvania C1909-13Jg Assistant Professor of Zoology C1913-2155 Assistant Professor of Physiology C1921-235g Professor of General Physiology fsince 19235. Member of American Physiological Society, American Society of Zoologists, Society of American Naturalists, and Corporation of the Marine Biological Laboratory, Wood's Hole, Mass. In charge of the course in General Physiology given by the Marine Biological Laboratory Csince 19213. Contributor to "Text-book of General Cytology" and author of various articles in Physiological and Biological Journals. Captain, M. C., U. S. Army 119183. 66 FREDERICK D. WEIDMAN Professor of Dermatological Research Common school education in Philadelphia, Hillhouse High School, New Haven, Conn. f1900jg M.D. University of Pennsylvania 1190855 Assistant Demon- strator of Histology, University of Pennsylvania C1909-1113 Assistant Demon- strator of Pathology C1904-14Dg Instructor in Gross Morbid Anatomy C1914-2013 Acting Head, Department of Dermatology C1921-2425 Assistant Pathologist, Phila- delphia Zoological Gardens C1910-2415 Demonstrator of Pathology, Woman's Medical College C1911-13j3 Professor of Pathology, Woman's Medical College ffl914'17J'Q Assistant Director, Laboratory of Dermatological Research, Univer- sity of Pennsylvania C1917-2353 Professor of Dermatological Research M923-jg President, Pathological Society of Philadelphia C1921-225g President, Derma- tological Society of Philadelphia 0922-2413 Member of: American Dermatological Association, Philadelphia Pathological Society, Philadelphia Dermatological Society. 67 GEORGE FETTEROLF Professor of Otology Graduated from University of Pennsylvania, A.B,, 1887, M.D., 18913 Sc.D., 1911, Ursinus College, Recipient Cjointly with Dr. Herbert Foxj of the Cassel- bury Prize of the American Laryngological Association for original research, 192343 is a member of American Laryngological Association, First Vice President, 19721.-225 Treasurer, 192:25 American Association of Anatomistsg American Laryn- gological, Rhinological and Otological Societyg College of Physicians of Phila- delphia, John Morgan Society, American Medical Association, Pennsylvania State Medical Society, Philadelphia County Medical Society, and the Sigma Xi Honorary Fraternity. Was Dcmonstrator of Histology and Embryology, Bio- logical School, U. of P., 1887-88, Resident, St. Lukc's Hospital, Bethlehem, Pa.g Clinical Assistant, Ear Department, Philadelphia Polyclinic, 1893-943 Prosector in Applied Anatomy, U. of P., 1893-95g Assistant Demonstrator of Anatomy, 1897-1904, Acting Demonstrator of Anatomy, 1904-065 Demonstrator of Anatomy, 1900-123 Assistant Laryngologist, M. E. Hospital, 1904-07, and Laryngologist to the same, 1907, to resignation: Laryngologist to Henry Phipps Institute, 1905, to resignation, Laryngologist White Haven Sanatorium, 1906 to resignationg Assistant Laryngologist, U. of P.: Assistant Laryngologist, University Hospital. Ts now Consulting Laryngologist to Eaglcsville Sanatoriumg Eastern Pennsyl- vania lnstitution for Feeble-Minded and Fpilcptieg Kensington Hospital and Dispcnsary for Tuberculosis and the Phoenixville Hospital. Was a Major in U. S. Medical Corps, May, 1918, to February, 1919. Contributed many articles to various Journals. 68 S-nf TPIOMAS BEAVER HOLLOWAY . Professor of Opliflzalmology B. S. Lafayette College, 18945 M.S., 18975 M.D., University of Pennsylvania, 1897. Intern Philadelphia General Hospital C1897-9853 Assistant Demonstrator Surgery, University of Pennsylvania C1900-0253 Graduate work in Pathology, Johns Hopkins 09015. Instructor in Ophthalmology 11905-235, Associate 11923-2455 Professor of Ophthalmology, Pliiladelpliia Polycliuie 41914-1855 Professor and Vice Dean for Ophthalmology, Graduate School of Medi- cine, since merger. Registrar, Ophthalmic Wards, Philadelphia General Hospital C1904-1255 Ophthalmologist to Neurological Wards since 1922. Assistant Ophthalmologist and later Ophthalmologist, Orthopedic Hospital and Infirmary for Nervous Diseases, since 1906. Ophthalmologist to Pennsylvania Institution for the Instruction of the Blind at Overbrook, since 1908. Attending Surgeon, Wills Hospital C1919-245. Member American Ophthalmological Society CSecretary and Treasurer and Editor of Transactions since 191853 College of Physiciansg American Medical Associationg Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngologyg Societe Francaise d'ophtalmologieg Philadelphia Pathological, Neurological and Pediatric Societies. Department Editor Ophthalmic Year Book C1914-195. Con- tributions on subjects relating to Ophthalmology. Lieutenant, U. S. N. R. F. 41917-195. 69 JOHN HINCHMAN STOKES Professor of Demzatology and .Syphilology Graduated from University of Michigan, A.B., 19083 M.D., 1912. Instructor of Anatomy, 19125 Resident in Dermatology and Syphilology, 1913-14, Instructor in Dermatology and Syphilology, 1914-15, in University of Michigan. Instructor in same, University of Illinois and associated with VVilliam Allen Pusey, Chicago, 1915-163 Assistant Professor in same, 1916-19, Associate Professor, 1919-21, and Professor, 1921-24. Professor of Dermatology and Syphilology, Mayo Founda- tion, Graduate School, University of Minnesota. Organizer and Chief of Section of Dermatology and Syphilology, Mayo Clinic, 1916-24. Professor of Dermatology and Syphilology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, and Professor of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 1924. Member of Phi Beta Kappa and Sigma Xi Honorary Fraternities. Member of Olmstead County Medical Society CMinn.j, the Minnesota State Medical Asso- ciation, the Association of Resident and Ex-Resident Physicians of the Mayo Clinic and the John Morgan Society of Philadelphia. Author of "The Third Great Plague," "Clinic of Dr. John H. Stokes," in the Medical Clinics of North America, and contributor to numerous journals. 70 J. CLAXTON GITTINGS Professor of Pediatrics University of Pennsylvania, M.D., 1895. Pathologist St. C11ristopher's Hos- pital, until resignation. Visiting Physician to Children's Hospital, Drexel Home, until resignation. Visiting Physician to Children's Hospitalg Medical Director to Children's Hospital. Professor of Pediatrics and Vice Dean for Pediatrics, Gradu- ate School, University of Pennsylvania. Professor of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania. Fellow of American Medical Association and of College of Physi- cians of Philadelphia. Member of American Pediatric Societyg Philadelphia Pediatric Society and of Philadelphia County Medical Society. Lieutenant Colonel Medical Corps, U. S. Army fRetiredD. Author of "Infant Feeding" Cwith Dr. C. F. Judsonl, and "Tuberculosis in Infancy and Childhood," as well as numerous articles on Pediatrics. .71 fx 72 g....SE ...---...LL L. 1 I I X 5 . A 1 -f-- r 54 : 1 1 E P QQ 2 2 - s D 1 ja si in h Y i 2 s ' P v gi gl ,p ' Qld 1 11 I 5. r 'Q wi 5 N ? 9 2 3 v Z4 5 , if s I n -Y 14 ' l 1 9 V' 0 54 - 3 j W wr in i 'Mx V A W... h ,Mn W.. ,.,.,,,,,,,,.,.,,,.,,--,.,,Q...-....,, , .MTA , ,Tai i - - N, L v 14.4-L-.MMbLM::i1:::L1Lqim V ------A----'-'-'-:WA ,.',,.,,-,. T-.- .... .. ...... -..,. -.... . ..,. ,... ..,.. ,,--..- - - - --M-A.. .--. .F . ,.,. . ' '73, W z ? , i , N Q 1, 1 2 ' ,5 i ,, I I l 1 1 X + w 1 1 ' X I , , . 1 f' , f 74 SENIOR FOURTH YEAR CLASS Jfuurtb ear Qlilass Jlaisturp ACK again for the last time! After four years of manful struggle we have attained the goal, reached the pinnacle. We are Seniors, we are eligible for the first four rows i11 Dr. Stengel's lecture! We are privileged beings and we know it. I As we reach our Surgical Trimester we realize it more and more. Every time we pant and gasp up those six Hights of stairs we are forcibly reminded of it. ln a state of apoplectic purpura we gain our seats in clinic and stare with glazing eyes at the drama before us. Our pulses bound and black specks float before our eyes and we envy the patient his luxurious couch on the operating table. Our climb has no effect on our critical faculties and no Surgeon has severer critics than we. We smile in tolerant pity as an assistant perspiringly pursues an elusive appendix. We have not yet tried it on the cadaver! But it's sit on the benches and look superior. Even when the operation ig obscured by the brawny shoulders of several assistants and not a few nurses one can still maintain one's superior attitude-often it's the only thing one can do. It is a good thing we can be superior somewhere, for there is one place where we are less than the dust--Operative Surgery. Deep in the bowels of the basement it lurks, infested with the odors of corruption, mauled stiffs and playful assistants. Friday afternoon would not be Friday afternoon if it were not for that genial soul of the spurious grin, the suasive voice and the perverted sense of humor. "Why is a groove director grooved?" "When is a chisel a gouge ?" "If an osteotome cuts tissues could you take out an eye with it?" "Here is a passe instrument that Noah used in the Ark-what for?" He still is with us. Verily there is truth in the old adage Only the good die young' We asked for bread and he gave us a stone! Small wonder we hasten from there to the grand weekly parade of the Iu- ternists. It needs only a few peanut vendors and side show barkers to complete the illusion. In silent awe we gape from the benches. Slowly the white doors open in. Enter attending Nurses carrying. market basketsg then two by two, the white-vested Internists carrying X-Ray plates, stethoscopes, grossly morbid specimens and temperature charts. Enter Chief Interne to adjust spot-light, double row of Interues, distinguished visitors, Nurses. Faint .psychic music, "Hail cr the Grand Inquisitor. The victim slinks from the front row, dons the black cap and takes his scat in the dock! There is only one ethical method of escape--Southeastern. Once more r on Medicine. From all reports it is a question of the grand to to the Chief"--ent Obstetrics put it ove frying pan and the Ere. At least the action is more varied at Southeastern. Cold, still damp of 2 A. M.-neophyte Ohstetrician tossing uneasily as the mattress squirrels gambol over himg Freudian dreams of ladies laboring under Hyperemesis Gravidarum, locked twins, rigid cervix, placentae previae and after-coming heads. ie still air-mattress squirrels stop in amazement. Curses on Alexander Graham Bell, Juno Genetrix and Eve for biting that apple! Clarion call pierces tl N 77 "Where are her pains, front or back?" "Seocnd story back, Doctahf' Vivid sulfur clouds and the pale wraith of Rabelais is seen wringing his hands in envy. But it is not always thus. Witness the male midwife staggering home under the load of his Obstetric bag and several pints of Coffee Sport, Anissette and Grenadine-internally. But we "Learned about women-." But it is not always we can pose as full-fledged Medics. Never do we feel so humble as when we appear before dread authorities of Hospital Boards. For the burning ambition in each of our breasts is to burst into the full bloom of in- terne white ere June is out. Here once more we trail the cursed parasite and scramble our brains over the causative factor of Yaws, its treatment and the differential diagnosis of Granuloma Inguinale. And we are left Houndering in a Cimmerian desert of despair and wondering why we slept through certain courses in our second year. But we can't stay depressed forever. We must learn to feed the baby-P. Chem. had nothing on these formulae. How did babies ever grow before and who worked out such a good formula for the cow? Chorus, "Ain't Nature Grand?" We're learning little by little the intricacies and fine points of the art that we so glibly chose for ourselves four years ago. We're learning painfully and slowly, profiting by our mistakes-. "Our head is bloody, but unbowed!" LINES TO A BOTTLE OF PLUTO WATER OR ODE TO A DOSE OF SALTS Drink it down tenderly, Treat it with care, It's bottled energy Enough and to spare. Hookworm and tenia Found in the South, They lose their hold If you take it by mouth. Slow moving Southerners Of hope here's a ray, Just a wee nippy, T'will' speed up your day. 78 B. B. Adelman O. L. Ader D. H. Anderson G. L. Baker E. M. Bevilacqua M. E. Bitter J. L. Bond W. E. Boyer H. B. Brown N. J. Burden V. A. Callery P. E. Carlisle R. C. Colgan ' L. H. Collins, Jr. H. B. Conaway J. L. Cook F. W. Cox W. P. Crane W. H. Crawford iss C Crowell M . J. G. Curtin J. Cutler G. C. Dale H. B. Ditmore H. J. Dvorak L. M. Eble J. Edeiken F. S. Fellows E. Fendrick G A. Fiedler W. Ford, Jr. K. Friedbacher jfuurth Bear Glass I. Goldberg J. Golove H. Goodman W. Gordon R. L. Gowan J. E. Griffiths M. L. I-Iafer C. J. Haines L. C. Hamblock Miss M. Hankins A. Harvey S. F. Hazen Miss M. E. Heller S. G. Henderson P. E. Hertz F. B. Hitchcock W. W. Holland W. O. Horton C. E. Howard . NV. P. Hudson B. L. Hull S. H. Hulsey G. A. Jestrab W. A. Johnson E. E. Jones F. M. Jordan M. S. Kaplan L. L. Kenney M. E. Lapham H. Lipshutz B. A. Livengood J. S. Long F. D. W. Lukens R. W. Lukens J. H. Lynch A. W. McAlester, Jr. M. H. McCaffrey R. B. McCarty W. U. McClenahan H. P. McCuistion J. M. McGee L. S. McGoogan E. E. McKee N. M. MacFarlane H. R. Mahorner R. L. Mansell P. . Marquette J. Marshall J. Marshall A. . Martineau Wpjmglqm J. Mason S. Mathews D. Matzke G. R. Miller T. C. Mitchell B. F. Mock F. Mogavero L. F. Monson Miss M. J. Nash B. L. Newell A. C. Norflect H. B. Fuller H. A. Gilda A. Harvey W. W. Oaks G. R. Miller J. W. Klopp J. Edeiken S. F, Hazen F. D. W. Lukens A. P. Ormond J. L. Cook G. L. Baker I. Goldberg J. M. Marshall J. W. Klopp J. S. Knight H. F. Kotzen G. L. Krause K. P. Lanz HONOR ROLL H. R. Mahorner F. B. Hitchcock H. Rovno F, M, Jordan E. McKee H. Lipshutz H. B.'Fuller R. B. McCarty J. B. Priestly W. H. Crawford Miss M. Nash P. H. Marquette HIGH 18 TRANSFERS W. A. Tucker W. O. Horton W. A. Shannon R. L. Gowan F. H. Tyner H, B. Brown J. F. Worthen L. S. McGoogan J. G. Woodward 79 W. W. Oaks A. P. Ormond R. E. Pray' J. B. Priestley C. B. Puestow H. D. Rcntschler, 2d J. W. Rich Miss H. E. Riggs W. P. Robert J. G. Ross H. Rovno H. A. Rusk W. A. Shannon J. A. B. Sherman N. Steinberg M. L. Stone W. H. Storm C. E. Towson I. G. Towson N. C. Trauba W. A. Tucker H. J. Tumen, Jr. F. H. Tyner J. J. Wenner S. A. Wilkinson, Jr. B. M. Wilson W. D. Wilson J. W. Woehrle J. G. Woodward J. F. Worthen J. L. Young C. L. Youngman W. Yuckman F. Mogavero L. H. Collins, Jr. H. A. Gilda K. P. Lanz E. M. Bevilacqua Miss C. Crowell C. B. Puestow H. A. Rusk W. A. Johnson A. C. Norfleet m 80 BENJAMIN B. ADELMAN Wechawken, N. J. University of Pennsylvania. Omicron Alpha Tau. Phi Lambda Kappa. Southeastern Dance Committee QD. Class Secretary fly. Students' Medical Society. jersey City Hospital, Jersey City, N. J. OTTIS L. ADER Lexington, N. C. University of North Carolina Medical School. Alpha Kappa Kappa. Lancaster Hospital, Lancaster, Pa. DAVID H. ANDERSON Jamestown, N. Y. Penna. State College. University of Chicago. Alpha Chi Rho. Phi Beta Pi. Piersol Anatomical Society. ' Rochester General llospital, Rochester, N. Y. 81 EDWARD M. BEVILACQUA Philadelphia, Pa. 'University of Pennsylvania. Bassini Surgical Society? Sccretary C353 President 141. U. M. A.g Delegate L35 C4j. Miscricorclia Hospital, Philadelphia. GEORGE L. BAKER Ogden, Utah. University of Utah, A. University of Utah Medical School. Beta Theta Pi. Phi Chi. H . , John B. Deaver Surgical Socictyg Vice President CU. U Lane Sz Stanford Hospital, San Francisco, Calif. MILTON E. BITTER Quincy, Ill. University of Missouri Medical School. Phi Beta Pi. St. Louis General Hospital, St. Louis, Mo. 82 JOHN LORENZ BOND Tamaqua, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. Omega Upsilon Phi. Southeastern Dance Committee CQ. Piersol Anatomical Society. Gcisinger Memorial Hospital, Danville, Pa. HOWARD BRYDIZN BROWN Longmeadow, Mass. Dartmouth, B. S. Dartmouth Medical School. Phi Kappa Upsilon. Alpha Kappa Kappa. Phi Beta Kappa. Polyclinic Hospital, Philadelphia. WENDELL EDWARD BOYER VVaterville, Maine. Dartmouth, B. S. Dartmouth Medical School. Phi Delta Theta. Alpha Kappa Kappa. D. Hayes Agnew Surgical Society. Abington Hospital, Philadelphia. l 83 VINCENT A. CALLERY New Pliilaclelpliia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. Phi Alpha Sigma. D. Hayes Agfnew Surgical Societyg Vice President C41 Miserieorclia Hospital, Philadelphia. NELSON JOHN BURDEN St. Mary's, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. Misericordia Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa l PAUL EDXVARD CARLISLE Springfield, Mass. Dartmouth College, B. S. Dartmouth Medical School. Fifth Avenue Hospital, New York City 84 ROBERT CLINTON COLGAN Frankford, Pa. University of Pennsylvania, B. S. Lambda Chi Alpha. Alpha Kappa Kappa. Barton Cooke Hirst Societyg Treasurer. Polyclinic Hospital, Philadelphia. HORACE B. CONAWAY Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. Sigma Phi Epsilon. Rifle Team, 1921. Philadelphia General Hospital. LEON HOWARD COLLINS, JR. Merchantville, N.' J. Swarthmore, A. B. Phi Kappa Psi. Nu Sigma Nu. Delta Sigma Rho. Phi Be-ta Kappa. Williaiii Pepper Medical Society, Treas iurer CBJ. Class Historian CU. University Hospital, Philadelphia. 85 l FOREST WILLIAM COX Springfield, Ohio. Wittenberg College. Southeastern Dance Committee C41 Phi Kappa Psi. Alpha Kappa Kappa. St. Vincent's Charity Hospital, land, O. JOSEPH LINDSAY COOK VVinston-Salem, N. C. University of North Carolina Medical School. Theta Chi. Phi Chi. Phi Beta Kappa. Polyclinic Hospital, Philadelphia. Cleve- 1 i WILLIAM P. CRANE Philaclelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania, A. B. Class Vice President QD. Scope Board. Rabelais Club. Misericordia Hospital, Philadelphia. 86 WILLIAM HENRY CRAWFORD Reynoldsvillc, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. Omega Upsilon Phi. Alpha Omega Alpha. Picrsol Anatomical Societyg President 145. Episcopal Hospital, Philadelphia. i l JAMES GOLDEN CURTIN Milwaukee, Wis. University of VViseonsin, B. S. University of Wisconsin Medical School. Alpha Kappa Kappa. Mt. Sinai Hospital, Milwaukee, Wis. l l CAROLINE CROWELL Avondale, Pu. Bryn Mawr, A. B. Penn State, B. S. Womcn's Medical Society. Women's Hospital, Philadelphia 87 GROVJER CLEVELAND DALE Seven Springs, N. C. University of North Carolina, A. B. University of North Carolina Medical School. Theta Kappa.Psi.. Resident, University House. St. Ioseph's Hospital, Lancaster, Pa. ' r l . JACOB CUTLER Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. Students' Medical Society. Jewish Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa. HARRY BOAZ DITMORE Old Fort, N. C. University of North Carolina. University of North Carolina Medical School Theta Kappa Psi. Presbyterian Hospital, Philadelphia. 88 HAROLD J. DVORAK Milwaukee, Wis. University of Wisconsin, B. S. Sigma Pi. State of Wisconsin General Hospital. l JOSEPH EDEIKEN Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania, A. B. Phi Lambda Kappa. Alpha Omega Alpha. Students' Medical Society. Mt. Sinai Hospital, Philadelphia. LOUIS M. EBLE Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania, A. B. Lambda Chi Alpha. Alpha Kappa Kappa. Abington Hospital, Philadelphia 89 l EDWARD FENDRICK Shamokin, Pa. University of Pennsylvania, B. A. Phi Alpha Sigma. D. Hayes Agnew Surgical Society. Philadelphia General I'-lospital. FRANK S. FELLOWS Algoma, Wis. University of Wisconsin, B. S. University of Wisconsin Medical School. Phi Chi. St. Agnes' Hospital, Philadelphia. GEORGE ADOLPH FIEDLER Batchtown, Ill. University of Wisconsin, B. S. University of Wisconsin Medical School. Acacia. Phi Beta Pi. John C. Heisler Anatomical Societyg Sce- retary QD. . l Pasteur Surgical Society. V Southeastern Dance Committee OLD. New York Polyclinic Hospital, New York. 90 WILLIAM FORD, JR. Glenwood, Mo. University of Missouri, A. B. University of Missouri Medical School. Phi Gamma Delta. Alpha' Kappa Kappa. h D. Hayes Algnew Surgical Society. St. Louis City Hospital, St. Louis, Mo. HARRY BLANCHARD FULLER Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. Polycllnic Hospital, Philadelphia. KARL FRIEDBACHER VVest Allis, Wis. University of Wisconsin, B. S. University of Wisconsin Medical School Phi Chi. Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Mich. Ul JACOB GOLOVE Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania, Phi Lambda Kappa. Students' Medical Society. Mt. Sinai Hospital, Philadelphia. HERMAN ALFRED GILDA Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. . Phi Chi. Deaver Surgical Society. Southeastern Dance Committee C4j. Scope Boax-d.' Rabelais Club. Philadelphia General Hospital. HARRY GOODMAN Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. Phi Lambda Kappa. Students' Medical Society. Mt. Sinai Hospital, Philadelphia. 92 WILLIAM GORDON Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania, A. B. Students' Medical Society. Mt. Sinai Hospital, Philadelphia. JOHN E. GRIFFITHS Scranton, Pa. ' Westerii Reserve University. University of Pennsylvania. University of Virginia Medical School. Alpha Kappa Kappa. B. C. Hirst Obstetrical Society. V W- ROBERT LEE GOWAN Bellevue, Tex. University of Texas, A. B. University of Texas Medical School. Pi Kappa Alpha. Alpha Kappa Kappa. D. Hayes Agnew Surgical Socictyg Treas urer CAD. Polyclinic Hospital, Philadelphia. 93 l V CHARLES JOHN HAINES Sayre, Pa. Cornell University. University of Pennsylvania Alpha Sigma Phi. Alpha Mu Pi Omega. Robert Packer Hospital, Sayre, Pa. MYRON LYMAN HAFER Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. Phi Beta Pi. Heisler Anatomical Society. Louis Pasteur Surgical Society. Robert Packer Hospital, Sayre, Pa. l l LEONARD CHARLES HAMBLOCK Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania, A. B. Acacia. Phi Chi. Deaver Surgical Society. U. M. A.g Delegate. Class Vice President GD. Southeastern Dance Committee, Chair man MD. Methodist Hospital, Philadelphia. 94 MELISSA MILLNER HANKINS Winston-Salem, N. C. Salem College, A. B. University of North Carolina. Zeta Phi. VVomen's Medical Soeietyg Secretary C2j, President 145. U. M. A. Delegate CSD 143. Class Secretary CSD. S. FRANK HAZEN Hartstown, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. Phi Alpha Sigma. Alpha Omega Alpha. William Pepper Medical Society 3 Vice President QU. Class Treasurer CBD. University Hospital, Philadelphia. 95 ANDREVV HARVEY Paterson, N. J. Haverford College, ll. S. Alpha Omega Alpha. Piersol Anatomical Society. SAMUEL GRAHAM HENDERSON Apollo, Pa. University of Pittsburgh. University of Pennsylvania. Phi Beta Pi. Inter-Fraternity Council CID 141. Inter-Fraternity Dance Committee C31 Q41 Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pa. l MARY ELIZABETH HELLER Williamsport, Pa. Cornell University, A. B. Cornell Medical School. -Alpha Omieron Pi. Women's Medical Society. Methodist Hospital, Philadelphia. Q 1 i I s l I l PHILIP E. HERTZ Wilkes-Barre, Pa. Lafayette College. University of Pennsylvania. Phi Delta Epsilon. Students' Medical Societyg Secretary C3-J. U. M. A.g Vice President C4J. Scope Board, Advertising Manager. llikfilkcs-Barre City Hospital, Wilkes-Barre, a. 96 ROBERT IRVING HILLER Milwaukee, Wis. University of Wisconsin, B. A., M. A. University of VVisconsin Medical School. Phi Delta Epsilon. Phi Beta Kappa. Sigma Sigma. Michael Reese Hospital, Chicago, Ill. C WILBUR WALLACE HOLLAND Aberdeen, Md. University of Pennsylvania. Al ha Mu Pi Ome a F! . 3' . . University of Pennsylvania Wrestling Team. Robert Parker' Hospital, Sayre, Pa. FRANCIS BENNETT I-IITCHCOCK Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania, B. S. Theta Delta Chi. Alpha Mu Pi Omega. Alpha Omega Alpha. William Pepper Medical Society. Geisinger Memorial Hospital, Danville, Pa 97 CORBETT ETHERIDGE HOWARD Pink Hill, N. C. University of North Carolina, B. S. University of North Carolina Medical School. Phi Chi. St. Joseph's Hospital, Lancaster, Pa. I WILLIAM OGDEN HORTON Newcastle, Wyo. Stanford University, A. B. University of Nebraska Medical School. Sigma Chi. N1 Sigma Nu. Agnew Surgical Society. Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pa. WILLARD PEYTON HUDSON Sparta, N. C. University of North Carolina, A. B. Omega Upsilon Phi. Phi Beta Kappa. Piersol Anatomical Societyg Treasurer C3J St. Vincent's Hospital, Erie, Pa. 98 BEN L. HULL New Florence, Pa. University of Pcnnsylyania, A. B. Ome a U silon Phi 8 P ' Picrsol Anatomical Societyg Secretary C2J. Ancon Hospital, Canal Zone, Panama. Phi GEORGE A. JESTRAB Grafton, N. D. University of North Dakota, B. S. University of North Dakota Medical School. Omega Upsilon Phi. St. Vincent's Hospital, Erie, Pa. 99 SIMEON HARDIN HULSEY Ladonia, Tcx. University of Texas, A. B. ' Universit of Texas Medical School. Delta 'Ilan Delta. Alpha Kappa Kappa. Lambfla Upsilon. Junior Sigma Delta Psi. D. Hayes Agnew Surgical Society. Polyclinic Hospital, Philadelphia. WILLIAM AMOS JOHNSON Raleigh, N. C. Wake Forest, A. B. Wake Forest Medical School. Theta Kappa Psi. Southeastern Dance Committee C-ll. Mo. EDVVARD EARL JONES Salt Lake City, Utah. University of Utah, A. B. University of Utah Medical School. Beta Theta Pi. Phi Chi. john B. Deaver Surgical Society. University of Utah Track Team. U. S. Naval lflospital, New York City. i FERDINAND MICHAEL JORDAN Scranton, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. Omega Upsilon Phi. Alpha Omega Alpha. George A. Piersol Anatomical Society Recording Secretary C3J. U. M. A. President MJ. Misericordia Hospital, Philadelphia. 100 Kansas City General Hospital, Kansas City, f l l l 4 l s l ir l S. MAXWELL KAPLAN Windber, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. Phi Lambda Kappa. Students' Medical Society. Windber Hospital, Windber, Pa. JOHN W. KLOPP Philadelphia, Pa. Swarthmore, A. B. Delta Upsilon. Nu Sigma Nu. Phi Beta Kappa. Alpha Omega Alpha. Rabelais Club. William Pepper Medical Societyg Secre- tary 135. Episcopal Hospital, Philadelphia. U U l LEROY LINUS KENNEY St. Joseph, Mo. niversity of Missouri, A. B. niversity of Missouri Medical School Alpha Kappa Kappa. Polyclinic Hospital, Philadelphia. 101 HERMAN FREDERICK KOTZEN Reading, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. Phi Delta Epsilon. Southeastern Dance Committee C45 Philadelphia General Hospital. JOHN SWANN KNIGHT Kansas City, Mo. University of Missouri, A. B., M. A. University of Missouri Medical School. Sigma Alpha Epsilon. Kansas City General Hospital, Kansas City Mo. G. LYNN KRAUSE Jefferson City, Mo. Central College. University of Missouri, A. B. University of Missouri Medical School. Alpha Tau Omega. Alpha Kappa Kappa. D. Hayes Agnew Surgical Soeietyg Presi- dent 143. Football and Baseball Teams, Central Col- lege. St. Luke's Hospital, St. Louis, Mo. 102 H 'v l l I l KENNETH PAUL LANZ Norristown, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. Alpha Phi Delta. St. joseph's Hospital, Reading, Pa. HAROLD LIVSHUTZ Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. Phu Lambda Kappa. Students' Medical Society: President C-U. jewish Hospital, Philadelphia. 103' 1 MAX EDWARD LAPHAM Burt, N. Y. University of Pennsylvania. Delta Kappa lipsilon. Alpha Mu Pi Omega. VVilliam Pepper Medical Society. Class Secretary C21 Presbyterian Hospital, Philadelphia. E JULIAN SAX LONG Wilkes-Barre, Pa. Haverford, B. S. Gymnasium Team. Varsity Letter, ' Intercollegiate Gymnastic Champion. Varsity Club. Philadelphia General Hospital. BAXTER ALPHONSO LIVENGOOD Winston-Salem, N. C. University of North Carolina. University of North Carolina Medical School. Alpha Kappa Kappa. U. S. N., League Island Hospital, Phila- dclphia. FRANCIS D. W. LUKENS Philadelphia, Pa. Yale, A. B. Phi Kappa Sigma. Alpha Mu Pi Omega. Phi Beta Kappa. Sigma Xi. Alpha Omega Alpha. William Pepper Medical Society. Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia. 104 1 I I l 2 l l l 5 ROBERT WILLIAM LUKENS Wheeling, W. Va. University of West Virginia, B. S. University of West Virginia Medical School. Sigma Chi. Phi Beta Pi. Lankenau Hospital, Philadelphia. l i JAMES HAROLD LYNCH Fairbury, Neh. University of Nebraska, A. B. University of Nebraska Medical School Kappa Sigma. Nu Sigma Nu. Episcopal Hospital, Philadelphia. J ANDREW WALKER McALESTER, JR. Kansas City, Mo. University of Missouri, A. B. University of Missouri Medical School. Beta Theta Pi. Phi Beta Pi. D. Hayes Agnew Surgical Society. Kansas City General Hospital, Kansas City, Mo. I 105 RAY BARDWELL MCCARTY Los Angeles, Calif. University of California, A. B. Sigma Pi. Nu Sigma Nu. Alpha Gmega Alpha. Southeastern Dance Committee CD l'nivers'ty Hospital, Philadelphia. MAURICE HENRY MCCAFFREY Madison, Wis. University of NVisconsin, B. S. University of Wiseotisiii Medical School. Psi Upsilon. Nu Sigma Nu. D. Hayes Agnew Surgical Society: Secre- tary 141. Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh. Pa. VVILLIAM Ullllf MCCLENAHAN Cairo, Egypt. Princeton, B. A. Zeta Psi. Nu Sigma Nu. VVil1iam Pepper Medical Society. Scope Representative QU. Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia. 106 r HUBERT PRESTON MCCUISTION Paris, Tex. Virginia Military Institute, B. S. Nu Sigma Nu. William Pepper Medical Society. St. Luke's Hospital, St. Louis, Mo. JULIAN MERRILL MCGEE Mount Olive, N. C. University of North Carolina. University of North Carolina Medical School Phi Chi. Resident, University House. Presbyterian Hospital, Philadelphia. LEON STEINER MCGOOGAN Lincoln, Neb. University of Nebraska, A. B. University of Nebraska Medical School. Omega Beta Pi. Phi Chi. Pl.i Beta Kappa. john B. Deaver Surgical Soeietyg Treas- urer 141. University Hospital, Philadelphia. lu7 NORMAN M UIRHEAD MACFARLANE Philadelphia, Pa. Jniversity of Pennsylvania, A. B. Alpha Mu Pi Omega. ' VVillia1n Pepper Medical Society. Class Vice President CBJ. Rabelais Club. Scope Board. Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia. ELMER ELWOOD McKEE Philadelphia, Pa. Muhlenberg College, B. S. Delta Theta. Alpha Kappa Kappa. William Pepper Medical Society. Class President C21 C-tj. Southeastern Dance Committee CZD. Intermedical Fraternity Council CEU. ingermedical Fraternity Dance Committee 3 U. M. A. C35 Q-U5 Secretary CID. Rabelais Club. Editor-in-Chief, Scope. Polyeliuie Hospital, Philadelphia. l HOWARD RAYMOND MAHORNER Mobile, Ala. Spring Hill College, A. B. Phi Chi. Alpha Omega Alpha. Rabelais Club. Mercy Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pa. 108 ROLLAND LYNN MANSELL Ravenna, O. Hiram, A. B. Phi Alpha Sigma. George A. Piersol Anatomical Society. Cleveland City Hospital, Cleveland, O. l JOHN LOUIS MARSHALL Aspinwall, Pa. Penn State, B. S. Theta Xi. Phi Rho Sigma. B. C. Hirst Obstctrical Society. Louis Pasteur Surgical Society. Southeastern Dance Committee 145. Mercy Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pa. PENROSE HAROLD MARQUETTE Shamokin, Pa. University of Pennsylvania, A. B. Phi Alpha Sigma. Alpha Omega Alpha. Photographic Editor of Scope. Rabelais Club. George Geisinger Memorial Hospital, Dan ville, Pa. 109 ALLEN SHERMAN MARTINEAU Salt Lake City, Utah. University of Utah, A. B. .Phi Delta Theta. Phi Beta Pi. John ll. Deaver Surgical Society, Chair- man Executive Committee. Bellevue Hospital, New York. JAMES MAX MARSHALL Toolc, Utah. University of Utah, A. B. University of Utah Medical School. Phi Beta Pi. Phi Kappa Phi. Louis Pasteur Surgical Society. Iillcwk York Public Health Hospital, New or . JAMES BRYANT MASON Urbana, Ill. University of Illinois, A. B. Phi Kappa Sigma. Alpha Mu Pi Omega. William Pepper Medical Society. Scope Representative C25 CSD. Rabelais Club. Art Editor Scope." Presbyterian Hospital, Philadelphia. 110 SAMUEL SALJSBURY MATHEWS Los Angeles, Calif. Stanford University, A. B. Stanford University Medical School. George A. Piersol Anatomical Society: Corresponding Secretary CU. Louis Pasteur Surgical Society. U. M. A. Delegate CSD HD. Rochester General Hospital, Rochester, N. Y. GARRETT RITTEN HOUSE MILLER Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania, A. B. Delta Upsilon. Alpha Mu Pi Omega. Phi Beta Kappa. Alpha Omega Alpha. William Pepper Medical Societyg Presi- dent CLD. Rabelais Club. Class President CU. University Hospital. Philadelphia. DAVID ERNST MATZKE Palo Alto, Calif. Cornell. Haverford, B. S. Plii Sigma Kappa. Alpha Mu Pi Omega. William Pepper Medical Society. U. M. A., Delegate-at-large LIU QM. Philadelphia General Hospital, Ph.la l 111 ' r BYRON FAY MOCK LeMars, Iowa. Western Union College, A. B. Alpha Kappa Kappa. B. C. Hirst Obstetrical Societyg Secretary C353 President C4J. Intermcdical Fraternity Council f3j 141. Mercy Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pa. THEODORE CURTIS MITCHELL Clarksclale, Miss. University of Mississippi, B. S. University of Mississippi Medical School. Phi Chi. John B. Deaver Surgical Socictyg Execu- tive Committee C4J. T. C. I. Hospital, Birmingham, Ala. FRANCESCO MooAvERo Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. Bassini Surgical Societyg Secretary Q21 President CBJ, Treasurer 141. U. M. A. Delegate C31 CID. University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa. 112 LAFAYETTE P. MONSON Salt Lake City, Utah. Utah Agricultural College. University of Utah, A. B. University of Utah Medical School. Phi Beta Pi. Penn Varsity Boxing Team, 1924. Fitzsimmons General Hospital, Denver, Col. BENJAMIN LAFAYETTE NEWELL Halka, Miss. ' University of Mississippi. University of Mississippi Medical School. Phi Chi. U. S. Army Hospital, Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, Tex. MARGARET JCSEPHINE NASH Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. Zeta Phi. Women's Medical Society. Misericordia Hospital, Philadelphia. I 113 WILBUR WILSON OAKS Philadelphia, Pa. Penna. State College. University of Pennsylvania. Sigma Pi. Alpha Kappa Kappa. Alpha Omega Alpha. William Pepper Medical Society. Polyclinic Hospital, Philadelphia. L ASHLEY CURTIS NORFLEET Tarboro, N. C. University of North Carolina, B. S. University of North Carolina Medical School Sigma Chi. Phi Chi. Polyclinic Hospital, Philadelphia. ALEXANDER PIERCE ORMOND Talladega, Ala. Davidson College, A. B. Emory University Medical School. Chi Zeta Chi. Alpha Omega Alpha. Philadelphia General Hospital, Phila. 114 RALPH EDGAR PRAY Valley City, N. D. University of California, A. B. Sigma Chi. Nu Sigma Nu. John B. Deaver Surgical Society. Polycllnie Hospital, Philadelphia. CHARLES BERNARD PUESTOW Oshkosh, Wis. University of Wisconsin, B. S. University of Wisconsin Medical School. Aloha Ka a Kappa l PP - , , University Hospital, Philadelphia. JOSEPH B. PRIESTLEY Des Moines, lowa. University of Pennsylvania, A. B. Phi Gamma Delta. Alpha Mu Pi Omega. William Pepper Medical Society. Southeastern Dance Committee QU. Rabelais Club. Class Presizlent CSU. University Hospital, Philadelphia. l ll5 l JOHN VVINCHESTER RICH Claremont, Calif. Pomona College, A, B. Alpha Kappa Kappa. B. C. Hirst Olistetrical Society. Los Angeles General Hospital, Los An- geles, Calif. l HENRY DIEHL RENTS Ringtown, Pa. Swarthmore College. Phi Alpha Sigma. CHLER D. Hayes Agnew Surgical Society. Robert Packer Hospital, Sayre, Pa. HELENA RIGGS Ardmore, Pa. University of Pennsylvania, A. B. Q Alpha Xi Omega. Zeta Phi. Women's Medical Societyg V C-0. . Class Historian C21 C31 f4J. Scope Board. 116 ice President WILLIAM PIERRE ROBERT Macon, Miss. A. and M. College of Mississippi, B. S. University of Mississippi Medical School, Phi Chi. John B. Deaver Surgical Society. T. C. I. Hospital, Birmingham, Ala. 1 1 HERBERT ROVNO Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. Phi Delta Epsilon. Howard Hospital, Philadelphia. JOSEPH GEORGE ROSS Tarentum, Pa. Penna. State College, B. S. Pi Kappa Alpha. Phi Rho Sigma. B. C. Hirst Olmstefrical Society. Rabelais Club. Pasteur Surgical Society. Class Secretary 143. Presbyterian Hospital, Philadelphia. . 117 JULIUS ALB ERT SHERMAN Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. Phi Lambda Kappa. Students' Mezlical Society. jewish Hospital, Philadelphia. HOWARD A. RUSK Brookfield, Mo. University of Missouri, A. B. University of Missouri Medical School Phi Delta Theta. Nu Sigma Nu. D. Hayes Agnew Surgical Society. St. Luke's l-lospital, St. Lonis, Mo. NATHAN ST EINBERG Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania. Students' Medical Society. Jewish Hospital, Philadelphia. 118 MARVIN LEE STONE Kittrell, N. C. University of North Carolina, A. B. University of North Carolina Medical School. Theta Kappa Psi. ohn C Heisler Anatonicil Society. J , 1 zz t Polyclinic Hospital, Philadelphia. VV. HAROLD STORM Hope, N. J. UI1iVCI'Sity of Pennsylvania, .-X. B. CHARLES EMORY TOWSON Berkeley Springs, W. Va. Princeton University. Wliitwortli College, A. B. West Virginia University, B. S. Dial Lodge Club, Princeton. Phi Beta Pi. John C. Heisler Anatomical Society. Louis Pasteur Surgical Society. Basket Ball Varsity. Princeton, 1912 Football, Wliitwortli College. Germantown Hospital, Philadelphia. -13. Theta Kappa Psi. Ge0rge A. Piersol Anatomical Society. Christian Association, Vice President Q4 Student Volunteer Group Leader Q-tj, Episcopal Hospital, Philadelphia. 119 IRA GLADSTONE TOWSON Berkeley Springs, W. Va. Whitworth College. University of West Virginia, B. S. University of West Virginia Medical School. Phi Beta Pi. john C. Heisler Anatomical Societyg Presi dent 145. Louis Pasteur Society. Basketball. Baseball and Football, Whit worth College. Germantown Hospital, Philadelphia. ki I NORBERT CARL TRAUBA Marathon, Wis. University of W-SCOllS:Il, B. A., M. A. Phi Beta l'i Phi Beta Kappa. Sigma Signia. Louis Pasteur Surgical Society, President 135. john C. Heisler Anatomical Society. Wiscons.n General Hospital, Madison, VVis. I . WILLIAM ARNOLD TUCKER Laurel Springs, N. C. Trinity College. University of North Carolina Medical School. Phi Chi. Bryn Mawr Hospital, Philadelphia. 120 HENRY JOSEPH TUMEN , Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania, A. B. Phi Sigma Delta. Phi Delta Upsilon. Class Treasurer KID. Scope Board. Jewish Hospital, Philadelphia. JOHN JEREMIAH WENN ER Philadelphia, Pa. ' Muhlenberg College, B. S. Yale University, Ph. D. Sigma Xi. Bryn Mawr Hospital, Philadelphia. l FURMAN HILLMAN TYNER Lake Como, Miss. University of Mississippi, B, S, University of Mississippi Medical School. Phi Chi. VValtcr Reed Hospital, Washington, D. C, i , Ill l BROSWELL MONROE WILSON Water Valley, Miss. University of Mississippi, B. S. University of Mississippi Medical School. Phi Chi. T. C. l. Hospital, Birmingham, Ala. V SAMUEL ALLEN WILKINSON, JR Memphis, Tenn. Harvard College, A. B. ' Universitv of Tennessee Medical School. Alpha Kappa Kappa. t B. C. Hirst Obstetrical Society.. Polyclinic Hospital, Philadelphia. WALTER BLACKBURN WILSON Schenectady, N. Y. Union College. Phi Rho Sigma. John B. Deaver Surgical Society. Louis Pasteur Surgical Society. Methodist Hospital, Brooklyn, N. Y. 122 ,IOHN WESLEY VVOEHRLE VVilkes-Barre, Pa. Pcnna. State Colfege. Lafayette College. Phi Beta Pi. Louis Pasteur Surgical Society. VVillces-Barre City Hospital, VVilkes- Barre. Pa. JAKE GARRETT VVOODVVARD Erwin, Tenn. University of North Carolina, A. B. University of North Carolina Medical School. Acacia. Alpha Kappa Kappa. Polyclinic Hospital, Philadelphia. JOSEPH FRANKLIN WORTHEN Salt Lake City, Utah. University of Utah, B. A. University of Utah Medical School. Pi Kappa Alpha. Phi Chi. Phi Kappa Phi. United States Public Health Service. 123 CHARLES YOUNGMAN Williamsport, Pa. University of Pennsylvania, A. B. Kappa Sigma. Nn Sigma Nu. Class Treasurer C731 CU. Rabelais Club. Business Manager, Scope. Geisinger Memorial Hospital, Danville, Pa. l l i JAMES L. R. YOUNG Mercer, Pa. College of Wooster, B. A. Phi Beta Pi. l Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia. 1 i WILLIAM YUCKMAN Carteret, N. J. University of Pennsylvania. Phi Delta Epsilon. Elizabeth General Hospital, Elizabeth N. J. 124 IN MEMORIAM DANIEL I-IAWTOF, JR. -luly 13, 19013 December 14, 1922 125 I r ,U 'vw' X! ,vi -I 2- I :fl 1 WL." , r,. 11. Vs! M25 V1 r ill, A H55 , V k ,4 4: 1 . ., -g, A 51,1 J-21 W bil 1 H H. , Agigi ELI f' I :fi-'T M5 , 'Ys fi :H ff! V! 1' 34 in fd' i 1 A19 1 . wg' , Q 55 'Sl .J 'z Pl We Q: E14 '1' fi? -, 'Y ,545 'gt 'T W! ECN? 4 1 gs' i '55 all M ,hu W X L 'W ll gg: W H vf! M V551 4' X-gl 2 fl E241 Wx? "tri gi' f - 'Q-If l P I Q gT?,gg2fgi,q J :.ig3ig3Qt'a?'i?15z ':.',,.::qg-1.i: '.'3fg ' Y 126 , JUNIOR T 1-1 mu YEAR CLASS min ear cum itaistnrp E launched our third year with much enthusiasm. After a week of confusion in an attempt to lind out where our various sub-sections were we became part of the clinical life of Medicine. How easy it was to pass into this Olympus from the Charybdis of the previous yearsl We marveled at the delightfulness and ease of thc transition. L As each individnaldnember experienced this psychical change, so, too, did the class as a whole. Our numbers were greatly augmented. The Mid-West gave us many new faces-and an alarm-clock, a clock which, though short-lived, was destined to make history for Dermatology. We will ever remember that remarkable morning. The setting was theatrical. We had been whipped into awe and consternation. And then that melodramatic warning that there was but two minutes to go and a lot of yardage to be gained! , Much can be said about Dermatology. We were taught to hit the bull's eye, and to make a therapeutic ten strike. We can play a Symphony on Pasta ZS and Calamine lotion. For weeks the record in this course was an epigram an hour-the supply was inexhaustible. We learned no11-euphuistic slogans that might prove of value in stumping our political districts and we acquired that "habitual, alert suspiciousness of mind." But, oh, that Thursday morning hourl With Sutton, our Bible, and Stokes, our judge, we were scourged and flayed, "tree-d" and "untree-d." And if any of our future patients tell us that pruritus is an accompaniment of their dermatitis, when Sutton says it is not, we shall laugh them i11to that Oblivion of ignorance, reserved for such fools. We learned so many other things. Our first Medical dispensary showed us that we were not even "Hell on fits." Blockley acquainted us with autopsies and sordidness, hard benches and indefatigable energy. "Give five causes with- out thinking. Of course. Probably wrong, but nevertheless here they are: Quinine? Sounds familiar-might have heard of it. What would we do for the patient? Yes, put him to bed." - Our introduction to Obstetrics was epoch-making. Those stories will not fail us at critical moments. What would we do if we forgot that, "Respectability proves no barrier?" Mat. was a period of watchful waiting. Bearing in mind Piper's admonitions of the year previous, we expected to be lured to our ruin by the Sirens who constantly frequented this citadel of fecundity. It was one of our real disappointments when we realized the warning had been a false one. The maidens certainly were not irresistible, the surroundings did not act on us as a philtre and our souls were in no danger of being lost. And then there is the quiz section at 8 o'clock. From our first year we had looked forward to these hours with I. C. and his hunches. 'Tis rumored that a spark from his coruscating witticisms was the cause of the fire. Anyway, we did learn from Ophthalmology the difference between a city and a country practice. 129 71 A ,y Uv '1 ll' V ,ji 1 A I f!. 1 .. X 'Lx' .f 1 ' 1 . X Ulbirh .Bear Qlilass L. B. Armstrong J. Averbach R. D. Bacon J. M. Barrett N. P. Battle J. M. Beffel, Jr. H. J. Bickerstanf R. M. Bierly W. H. Black E. R. Boney W. C. Bostic, Jr. R. J. Brennan G. W. Buchanan W. Buckingham W. F. Burdick G. F. Calvin R. L. Carroll F.. W. Cartwright C. Charny N C. . R. Clarke, Jr. L1 iss M. E. Clough E. Cornelius H. D. Cowlbeck H L. J. F. J. M J. C. . C. Cox H. Davenport D'F.milio L. DePasquale M. Dodd, Jr. S Dou hert r. . . g y. J W. Dunn P. Eldridge W. T. Fedko Miss M. P. Firor R. E. Fox A. B. Fuller H. T. Garard R. W. Garlichs M. K. Gass D. C. Geist J. K. Gibson S. D. Glusker H. Goldstein S. R. Gonzalez H. B. Goodspced A. Greenburg F. J. Halford H. P. ,llamilton H. C. Harpfer L. H. Hergesheimer ll. B. Hopkins P. B. Hughes C. L. Jackson J. M. Johnston C. A. Karsh M. L. Kauffman G. L. King. Jr. Miss E. Kirk R. A. Klemm G. S. Klump W. H. Kncedler J. F. Lacey, Jr, L. S. Laffitte E. M. Landis Miss E. J. Line R. H. Loe W. L. Long J. C. McAdams VV. K. McBride, Jr. T. W. McCreary, Jr. J. A. McLean W. S. Magee F. B. Mandeville L. A. Markley Marshall F C. W. Mayo U. Meyer R. F. Miller A. V. Molyneux P. H. Neese M. E. Nesbit F. J. Noonan J. P. North P. K. Park S. N. Parkinson J. R. Pcrley L. C. Pierce J. T. Priestley, Jr. Miss E. L. Rahe P. W. Ramer 131 C. H. Rand 12. G. Rand P. V. Reinartz J. A. Reisinger D. C. Richards H. J. Robbins H. F. Robertson H. E. Rosenberg M. Seltzer C, Servin H. Setzer R. L. Sharp H. F. Sharpley, Jr. A. W. Shewnian A. Smith H. B. Smith H. Smuckler J. R. Spaunuth J. H. Spencer A. G. Sprecher H. St. Clair H. W. Stephens J. A. Steward C. C. Stewart, Jr. S35 iss W. B. Stewart K. Tallmadge H. C. Thompson H. L. Tonkin M. Trautman L. E. Viteri L. C. Wademan T. J. Walsh VV. H. Warrick J. R. Wherritt R. White, Jr. D. L. Wilbur Miss F. E. Williams G. D. Williams R. B. Wilson T. L. Wilson J. M. Winfield, Jr. P. C. Wood C. K. YOUHg'kll1 l". O. Zillessen 4, , , 132 L X4 SGPHOMOR E W SECOND YEAR CLASS Straub ear Glass Ztaisturp OST of our members survived the scrimmage of the first quarter and reported for the second. Flunkage is a variable depending on the varia- tion of several factors and so lends itself to the favorite indoor sport of the scientificos, Graphology. VVC, the Historian, succumbed to this pernicious habit and the graph will be found in the index--unless deleted by the powers that be. The graph will show that a few were thrown for a loss by that eminent 1'h.D,, of the Ph., Dr. NVilson. A few were tackled by Dr. 1-leisler. Dr. Addison and his eminent colleague, Dr. Balsam, again gave gold stars for the prettiest drawings of the fiber tracts. If only we had failed the first year, so that, by getting another gold star, we could trade in the two of them for that most-prized trophy, the porousknit balsam jar! We were all most anxious for the year to start so that we could resume our studies of Fisology. How we did love our struggles with the felines with the "nawsty acid" in their eyes! And the thrilling rides on the 'stationary bike. Those thrilling hundred mile spins with the whooziform bag strapped on our backs. Will we ever forget them? How sweet were the words of that sterling orator. Dr. Bazett, when he made his lirst speech to us and announced that there would be no final examination and that the weekly quizzes would be substituted for them--ah. Dr. McFarland, impersonating Metchnikoff and l+'ourn'ier, was another of the reasons for our strange wakefulness in class this year. His two-penny-ha- penny thriller in which he figured as hero is remembered as one of the histrionic feats of the year. With bated breath we awaited the sequel of this tale. No mean hero, he, who allowed Dr. Hare to pump his veins full of air. Unconseiously we wax poetic as we think of it. Nor is this his only claim to fame, need I mention his "Snappy Stories," with which he enlivens an ordinarily dull subject? The fire in the Pharmacology Laboratory was just a little lateg it happened the night after the course ended, and unless our notebooks went up in the smoke, was all in vain. Fortunately the First rumors about this fire were incorrect. Rumor had it that many valuable records of several years' work had been destroyed. This would have been a calamity indeed. The work in this department has been of such sterling calibre that the study of the kidney function would have been seriously delayed had such damage occurred. i The quietness of the class in this Laboratory was so marked that one could count respirations easily and one could hear the ringing of one's own ears forty feet away. The Swedish proverb has it that, "Every dog has its day," but his Lab day was more than any dog survived. As we write this we are thinking of joys to come, viz. and to wit, Dr. Abbott and his Bacteriology course. Many of the boys slept in his Laboratory the night before the course started in order to secure good places. There were desks for all, however, and we are most eager for the course to start. We are all hoping to win the gold Petri dishes, but we cannot all win. For those who fail I will quote the words of that prince of philosophers, Ring Lardner, to wit and namely, "To the he-blooded red men belongs the spoils." 135 I I I I, -I I I II I I I 1 I I I , I I I I I I I I I 'I I I I I I f I I . I I 136 II I ,, 4 Secunia Bear Clllla.-145 P. E. Adolph I. F. Allison ,l. L. Atlee, Jr. G. S. Baekenstoe R. H. Barr H. lieerman G. E. Berner I. B. Birch E. D. Bleehnian ,l. li. Brackbill E. A. Brav R. W. Ernst R. T. Buckley, Ir. W. H. Burgin M. C. Cameron, ,lr A. L. Campbell J. W. Clark M. I. Cohen E. F. Comstock D. G. Corbett M. P. Crane Miss S. S. Crosley W. J. Davies H. L. Davis R. P. DeRiemer M. B. DeVVire R. N. Dillon A. D'Orazio NV. Duane, Jr. H. K. Dwork L. A. Eigen D. S. Fisenberg S. J. Fanburg G. H. Fonde, jr. ll. G. Foster C. C. Garrett J. Q. Grifilith, Jr. H. R. Hansell T. S. Harris J. R. Heller H. F. Hendrickson J. Henry R. S. Hernandez L. H. Hetherington J. F. Highsmith, jr. J. F. Hill H. B. Hoff E. M. Jameson D. C. Jones J. P. Keating E. L. Keyte S. C. Koplin J. T. Krall J. B. Krom R. G. Lau XV, A. Limberger R. H. Lyman W. I. McCarty J. P. McCloskey S. T. MeMillen H. H. McNeill M. Magill, jr. G. H. Miles I. V. Missett, lr. 137 E. D. Mitchell. .I r. P. W. Morgan W. R. Moyer, Ulr. J. F. Murphy R. I. Noer A. H. Ollswang P. F. Parshley D. S. Polk J. A. Pyne F. Rank, Jr. E. B. Robertson Miss G. Robertson H. A. Salzmann E. Scala J. F. Schell J. W. Shadle, Jr. S. A. Shelburne A. R. Sherman N. R. Sloan I. Smarlcola E. N. Smith M. L. Stadiem M. J- Stapleton VV. H. Trimble C. T. Tseng F. G. Wandall L. L. Ward R. W. Weiser H. I. 'White J. H. Willard Miss R. M. Wfinlock C. I. Zinn 5 I i Y 1 5 1 5 I , x 9 4 1 ' J 1 1 5 i FRESHMAN N WW FIRST YEAR CLASS Jfirst ear lass Zlaistnrp S Fate would have it, a motley crew, numbering one hundred eigl1t, de- cided to become disciples of Aesculapius. Thus men of all sizes, shapes and dispositionsg handsome and otherwise, gathered in Lecture Room A to hear Dean Pepper deliver his annual message. The speech was tremendously successful, replete with pathos, mortality rates and agony. Indeed, three of our members were overcome and faded from the picture. But tl1c rest of us deter-- mined to see it throughg to delve into the hidden mysteries and to conquer the unbeaten foe. Now to "descend from glittering generalities and get down to brass tasks." Each Freshman, armed with a suspicious looking wooden box, betook himself to the Pathology Laboratory to hear that world-famed bone specialist, Dr. Cornell, The battle was on-condyles, tuberositics and foramina to the right of usg ridges, processes and grooves to the left of usg bowling us over like ten-pins, but hope eternal sprang anew in our breasts when we heard Dr. Cornell's remark: "Easy." Three weeks? Yes, three weeks of what General Sherman called War. Osteology over, we passed into the second degree of our initiation. But how different! What a joyous scene awaited us as we entered into Anatomy. Dr. Heisler had a musical treat for us. With the ever-present Paul leading, in marched the ilio-tibial band through the sapheuous opening. What a won- derful sight to see the Great Horn of the Hyoid, the Organ of Corti and the Ham Strings rendering, "If Anatomy Don't Get You, Chemistry Must!" Then we passed through the portals of the dissecting room, arrayed in im- maculate white gowns and perfect fitting gloves. Having recovered from the first days' shocks we managed to dissect one square inch of superficial fascia. After weeks of fasting and self-denial we were able to eat a good meal without thinking of the Glutcus Maximus or its co-structuresg or to enjoy one hour of peaceful sleep without the shades of departed cadavers haunting us. We must not forget Chemistry. Absurdl Shocking! How could we? What a real pleasure it wasl Daily, distinguished chemists could be seen chasing phenolphthalein from one end of the room to the other, or trying to figure out the formula of Hexamethylenetetraminemethylenecitrate. We became proficient in executing the chloride shift and the isohydric change. Slowly the good ship Titrate buffered all obstacles in its way and rounded the isoelectric point. Indeed, so great was our success that Dr. Wilson was enabled to publish an article on "Nitrates" in the "Journal of Biological Chemistry." This was made possible by the research of one of our classmates, who, when asked by Dr. Wilson what he knew of Nitrates, replied that day rates were cheaper, The fourth act opened in D under the able supervision of Dr. Addison, the Human Candle-Snuffer, under whose bushel many of our lights are still hiding. We started in our quest for the Island of Langcrhans with the aid of Dr. Chambers and his stratified Squaaaamous ep-i-thel-ium. The mid-year examinations are over, finals far in the future and spring is on her way to wish us Godspeed. So far, so good. We consider we have had a slight sample of Medicineg our class has been very diligent and enthusiastic over the work, and the spirit of congeniality which we have has done much to smooth over the rough spots in our Curriculum. 141 F-H, M- .,,. W - -- 1 1 , 1 V , , w , yr ,, A ill R 11. Q 'Ll 51 iii .,,, :It NI WU , lx 'Q w F X , ,V 4 V , is v T I.. W 1 , y I n , . X AL, 1 Nl, , ., . 'SI W , , , "J W ,-in V NV. O. Abbott M. V. Adams H. Aronis C. M. Bahnson Miss S. W. Bailey K. W. Barber G. E. Barbour R. L. Bauchspies C. M. Biedeman C. E. Bell F. R. Bellak H. E. Bowles W. Z, Bradford R. A. Brown G. W. Burroughs T. Butterworth Miss G. C. Cobb S. Cohen M. G. Colvin M. Corff H. P. Coxson F. W. Davison W. J. Daw I. M. Deaver C. M. DeMarco I. F.. Dessen I. R. Diemer A. M. Dietrich W. W. Ebeling M. Ellis E. S. Faison Harry Fine M. L. Fisher I. A. Fritchey, 2d G. G. Given Jfirst Bear Qlilass F. O. Glover S. A. Goldberg R. A. Groff A. M. Hambright D. W. Hart Il. U. Hopkins Miss E. C. Ireland W. B. Jackson J. W. Jeffries S. Kahr L. Kaplan R. J. Kelly T. F. Kennan A. D. King I-I. N. G. Kline . B. LaPlace . V. Leatherman L T I. E. Lenox I. F. Loehle, jr. A. E. Lohmann, Jr. J. P. Long, Jr. A. M. McBrydc I. E. MeClenahan Miss L. E. McClure W. G. McDaniel E. F. McLaughlin A. C. Madsen J. A. Malcolm J. M. Messick I. G. Milheim I-T. S. Mooney S. E. Murray I. T. Nicholson W. L. Noe, Jr. H. Noskow 143 F. Parke W. L. Pawling R. C. Pfahl M. Polanco A. J. Quick L. A. Rademaker S. Reskoff J. Riese I. Ritter 'C. K. Rose, Ir. J. Seattergood, Jr, H. Sehluederberg C. B. Seull, Jr. H. I. Sigmond , S. O. Skakandy A. Soehacke S. Statnekoo G. W. Stephenson T. R. Stone I. K. Task Miss J. R. Tatum M. D. Teitelbaum W. C. Terwilliger F. H. Top F. E. Traganza I-I. F. Ulrich I. R. VanMeter N. Weisenfluh H. L. Wexlcr E. A. Wilkerson J. H. Wol-f R. M. Wolff J. Woytoii S. A. Zeritsky A. J. Ziserman ,V , ,, 7 . I 144 . i z Vg K6 AKK Yip' if fbxmb FRATERNITIES li E ...Q 145 INTER-MEDICAL FR.msRx1rx' Couxcu. Zinterzjliklzhiral jfraternitp Qiuunnil Qbffircrs Provident ..... . . . H. MeCuistion Vire President ..... W. Wilson Secrcrary .... .... .... . .. B. F. Mock Trcaxurw' .....,............. .... L . 1 Tamblock Clllliflllllfl, Danse Commillec M. E. Lapham Ilnlcgatns tn CEnunril auh fl'ml.'I!1lID1'5 nf Ilancc Cdfnmmittrc 1EIhiAlpha Sigma H. Rcntschler R. Sharp Alpha mu Hi Qbmvga M. E. Lapham J. T. Pricstly Nu Sigma Nu H. MeCuistion A. Stewart Alpha Kappa Kappa B. F. Mock C. Youngkin 1511i Eihn Sigma' XV. XVilson L. VV:1deman phi Ubi ' L. Hambloek T. XV. McCrcary, Jr. Qbmvga lklpsilnn ljlhi I. L. Bond R. J. Brennan ltlhi Esta Hi S. Henderson R. Wherritt Glheta Kappa Hai H. Storm J. M. Barrett 147 PHI ALPH.A. SIGMA bi Qlpba Qigma Jfraternitp G5 L ,N ti c., i f' , .- Founded at Belleizue Hospital Established at University Medical College, 1886 of Pennsylvania, 1890 FRATRES IN FACULTATE Ben'amin F Baer BS. M.D. J ' I ' I John B. Carnett, M.D. John Clark, M.D. George H. Cross, M.D. Eldridge L. Eliason, A.B., M.D. George Fetterolf, A.B., M.D., Sc.D. Leon Herman, A.B., M.D. Barton C. Hirst, A.B., M.D., LL.D. John C. Hirst, 2d, M.D. Victor Janvier, M.D. Floyd E. Keene, M.D. George M. Laws, M.D. Paul A. Lewis, M.D. John Marshall, M.D., Ph.D., Nat.Sc.D. Edward Martin, A.M., M.D., LL.D. VVilliam J. Merrill, A.B., Howard A. McKnight, A.B., M.D. Verne G. Burden, M.D. FRATRES IN Vincent A. Callery Edward Fendrick Andrew B. Fuller Donald C. Geist Lincoln S. Latitte J, Earle Braekbill George E. Barbour Reuben A. Brown George W. Burroughs Thomas Butterworth William R. Nicholson, A.B., M.D. Richard C. Norris, A.B., M.D. . Henry K. Pancoast, M.D. Benjamin D. Parish, B.S., M.D. William C. Posey, A.B., M.D. Truman G. Sclmable, A.B., M.D. George de Schweinitz, M.A., M.D. Penn-Gaskell Skillern, M.D. Arthur A. Stevens, A.M., M.D. Calvin M. Smyth, M.D. Henry F. Smyth, M.D., D.P.I-I. l S. Calvin Smith, M.D. joshua E. Sweet, A.M., M.D. M.D. Carl VVilliams, M.D. Harry B. Wilmer, M.D. George Wilson, M.D. George W. Wagoner, jr., M.D. Karl M. Houser, M.D. 1925 S. Frank Hazen R. Lynn Ma11sell 1926 William L. Long William K. McBride Frank J. Noonan 1927 Huston G. Foster 1928 William J. Daw Robert A. Groff Albert E. J. Lobmann 149 UNIVERSITATE Penrose H. Marquette Henry D. Rentsehler Harold Setzer Reuben L. Sharp Alon W. Shewman Thorne. S. Harris I. Ray Van Meter Norman Weiseniiuli Carlo cle Marco, Jr. r-A U1 C .XLPHA MU P1 OMEGA Qlpba jlltlu i QBmega Jfraternitp ALPHA CHA PTE R f1i'+ K WW .K A 5' Nttflm? Cs, lvl if , ,KX -E 5 9x at 1 .'i.gipf5' j " I 11' Founded at Ul1lVC1'5ltY Y Established at University Of PCUUSYIVS-11121, 1390 of Pennsylvania, 1890 FRATR IES TN FACULTATE Francis H. Adler, A.M., M.D. I. Harold Austin, B.S., M.D. James A. Babbitt, A.M., M.D. Frank Benton Block, M.D. Henry P. Brown, Jr., M.D. Charles W. Burr, B.S., M.D. Harold Childs Carpenter, M.D. jacob M. Coliin, M.D., Lt.-Col., U. S. Army. M. Thomas A. Cope. M.D. Walter S. Cornell, B.S., M.D. John Eiman, M.D. Walter Freeman, A.B., M.D. Frederick L. Hartman, M.D. Joseph Hayman, A.B., M.D. John Clement Heisler, M.D. ... f A. Graeme Mitchell, M.D. George P. Muller, A.B., M.D. john H. Musser, Jr., M.D. VVilliam Pepper, A.B., M.D. Damon B. Pfeiffer, A.B., M.D. George Arthur Piersol, A.B., M.D., Sc.D. George Morris Piersol, B.S., M.D. C.,Edmund B. Piper, B.S., M.D. B. A. Randall, M.A., M.D., Ph.D. Oliver K. Reed, M.D. Stanley l.'. Reimann. M.D. David Riesman, M.D. Joseph Sailer, Ph.B., M.D. John P. Scott, M.D. Jay Frank Schamherg, M.D. Fred S. Schofield, M.D. William Hewson, M.D. Thomas B. Holloway, M.S., M.D. Arthur H. Hopkins, M.D. John H. Iopson, M.D. Edward B. Krnmhhaar, M.D., Ph.D. H. Maxwell Langdon, M. D. VValter Fstell Lee, M.D. Daniel I. McCarthy, M.A., M.D. Grayson P. McCouch, M.D. Morton McCutehcon, B.S., M.D. R. Tait McKenzie, M.A., M.D. Edward A. Sehumway, B.S., M.D. E. Hollingworth Siter. M.D. Allen I. Smith. M.A., M.D., Sc.D., LL.D. .lohn Speese, M.D. William G. Spiller, M.D. Alfred Stengcl, M.D., Sc.D. ' Joseph Stokes, Jr., A.B., M.D. Howard A. Sutton, A.B., M.D. Benjamin A. Thomas, lXl.A, M.D. Robert G. Torrey. M.D. FRATRFS IN UNTVFRSTTAT I2 C. I. Haines F. B. Hitchcock 1925 M. F. Lapham T. B. Mason F. D. W. Lukens D. Matzke G J. . R. Miller B. Priestley VV. NV. Holland XV. F. Burdick N. R. Clarke L. H. Davenport J. L. Atlee, Jr. W. Duane, Ir. G. H. Fonde N. M. Macfarlane I. VV. Dunn C. L. Jackson R. A. Klemm l. P. Keating R. G. Lau XV. A. Limhergcr W. O. Abbott M. V. Adams R. L. Bauehspies Fl. W. G. McDaniel 1926 B. M. Landis H. F. Robertson .l. T. Priestley, Ir. H. C. Thompson D. C. Richards ' 1927 F. D. Mitchell ,l. F. Schell D. S. Polk R. VV. Weiser 1928 T. 151 F. McLaughlin Parke I. Scattergood, Jr. NU SIGMA NU 3211 Sigma iliu :fraternity LAMBDA CHAPTER i , frfflgiiiil tv. . .--4 , I r- y film -A - i 4.zl4l':fif',429-2' X' if llxlgxq ,. V ig ' Founded at U11iVCFSiYY Established at University Of Midllgillh 1333 of Pennsylvania, 1897 FRATR ES IN FACULTATE John H. Arnett, M.D, Frank A. Craig, M.D. Temple S. Fay, M.D. Charles A. Fife, M.D. Charles -I. Gamble, M.D. J. Claxton Gittings, M.D. Drury Hinton, M.D. Rutherford L. john, M.D. Edward Lodholz, M.D. L. H. Collins, Jr. XV. O. Horton J. W. Klopp J. H. Lynch ' L.. B. Armstrong R XV. C. Bostic, Jr. C R. W. Garliehs G. S. Klump I. I. T. Lacy, Jr. I. P. Henry I. J. T. Krall P K. W. Barber L F. W. Davidson J. M. J. M. Ellis R. I. Kelly I. Thomas M. MacMillian, M.D. James W. McConnell, M.D. T. Grier Miller, M.D. Samuel M. Sturgis, M.D. T. Turner Thomas, M.D. Phillip F. Williams, M.D. Alfred C. Wood, V. VV. Murray W1'igl1t, M.D. 1925 M. H. McCaffrey R. B. McCarty NV. U. McClenahan H. P. McCuistion 1926 H. Loe W. Mayo M. E. Nesbit P. North 1927 P. McCloskey . VV. Morgan 1928 . B. Laplace E. McClenahan H. S. Mooney T. Nicholson 153 1 4 M.D. R. E. Pray Howard Rusk C. L. Youngman H. NV. Stephens I. A. Steward J. M. Winfield 1. C. Wood A. R. Sherman G. W. Stephenson W. G. Terwilliger H. F, Ulrich a-s tn -A ALPHA KAPP.A IQAPPA Zllpha kappa kappa Jfraternitp MU CHAPTER ' E.. .. F l 1 .Xu 1-'ounded at Dartmouth College, 1888 FRATR IES IN Charles A. Beheny, M.D. Ralph Butler, M.D. B. F. Buzby, M.D. Walter Cariss, M.D. VVilliam J. Creighton, M.D. John M. Cruice, M.D. David L. Farley, M.D. Herbert Fox, M.D. Ben C. Gile, M.D. Charles P. Grayson, M.D. john C. Hirst, M.D. John A. Kolmer, B.S., M.D., Dr.P.H. Established at University IFACULTATIE of Pennsylvania, 1901 Ammon G. Kershner, M.D. l-I. R. M. Landis, AB., M.D. Balduin Lucke, M.D. Williaili H. Mackinney, M.D. Charles K. Mills, Ph.D., M.D. G. P. Pilling, M.D. Damaso Rivas, M.S., Ph.D., M.D. I. Howard Smith, M.D. John H. Stokes, A.B., M.D. Fred D. Weidman, M.D. Charles C. Vtlolferth, M.D. FRATRES IN LYNIVERSITATE O. L. Ader L. M. Eble W. E. Boyer W. Ford, Jr. H. B. Brown R. L. Gowan R. C. Colgan J. E. Griffiths F. W. Cox S. H. Hulsey J. Curtin H. J. Biekerstaff J. M. Dodd.. Ir. W. W. Buckingham E B. Hopkins H. C. Cox P. H. Neese J. B. Birch I. Krom H. F. Hendrickson J. H. VVillard C. M, Bahnson A. M. Dietrich C. E. Bell D. W. Hart J. R Diemer A. D. King 1925 B. A. Livengood L. L. Kenney G. L. Krause E. E. McKee I-E. F. Mock 1926 J. R. 'Perley P. V. Reinartz 1927 1 F. Rank S. A. Shelburne 1928 C. K. Rose C. B. Scull J. H. VVolf 155 VV . C. .I. S. I. C. C. VV. R . li. W. Oakes Puestow VV. Rich A. VVilkenson G. Vlfoodward Stewart, Jr. K. Youngkin H. Trimble M. Wolff A. Willcerscmn PHI RHO SIGMA bi isbn bigma Jfraternitp LAMBDA PHI CHAPTER . GD Fr f 1- " 'fax " 'xl hlldizi L ft E 'Z , 1 V 4 ww 'lrl0 Founded at Northwestern Established at University University, 1390 of Pennsylvania, 1906 FRATRES IN FACULTATE Napoleon Boston, M.A., M.D. Edward T. Reichert, M.D., Sc.D. Andrew Callahan, M.D. Joseph McFarland, M.D., Sc.D., Henry H. Donaldson, Pl1.D., M.D., Sc.D.George H. Meeker, Ph.D., Sc.D., LL.D. Seneca Egbert, A.B., M.D. Stephen Miterling, M.D. L. Webster Fox, M.A., M.D. Arthur Phillips, A.B., M.D. A. G. Fewell, M.A., M.D. C. H. Del. Shivers, B.S., M.D. Milton B. Hartzell, M.A., M.D., LL.D. S. D. Wceder, M.D. Thomas Klein, M.D. FRATRES IN UNIVERSITATE 1925 J. L. Marshall J. G. Ross W. B. Wilsoxi 1926 R. M. Bierly I. M. Johnston L. A. Spencer H. D. Cowlbeck G. L. King, Jr. H. St. Clair H. T. Girard I. C. McAdams H. L. Tonkin H. B. Goodspeecl A. V. Molyneux L. C. Wadeinan F. G. Halford P. W. Rainer R. White, Jr. P. B. Hughes J. A. Reisinger 1927 E. F. Comstock I. F. Hill J. V. Missett R. P. DeReimer E. M. Jameson E. B Robertson J. R. Heller E. L. Keyte E. N Smith L. H. Hetherington R. Lyman F. G Wandall 1928 W. W. Ebeling F. H. Top J. A Malcolm H. U. Hopkins 157 PHI CHI bi Cllhi Jfraternitp UPSILON PI CHAPTER Phi Chi CNorthernj, 1889, University of Vermont Phi Chi CSouthernj, 1892, University of Louisville 1 KOA gif. 'fi Gyi..,'?f f.b4yr1'u '?Nrn4 W 5 4 -'A' -1 A Y . -o ' ... . f ,J L.t fat ...W Founded at University Established at University of,Vermont, 1889 of Pennsylvania, '1908 V FRATRES IN FACULTATE Thompson Edwards, M.D. J. G. Schwerin, M.D. George T. J. Kelley, M.D. Eugene P. Pendcrgrass, M.D. Richard A. Kern, M.D. John C. Ritchie, M.D. Karl Kornglum, M.D. Isaclore S. Ravdin, M.D. Thomas H. Llewellyn, A.B., M.D. FRATRES IN UNIVERSITATE V 1925 G. L, Baker C. E. Howard H. R. Mahorner XV. P. Robert J. L. Cook li. E. jones T. C. Mitchell T, H. Tyner K. Friedbacher I. McGee B. L. Newell B. M. VVilson H. A. Gilda L. S. McGoogan A. C. Norrleet J. F. VVorthin L. C. Hambloek 1926 R. D. Bacon R. E. Carroll L. H. Hergesheimer G. K. Talmadge N. B. Battle E. VV. Cartwright T. W. McCreary, Jr. M. E. Trautman W. H. Black M. S. Dougherty, Ir.J'. A. McLean G. D. Williams E. R. Boney R. E. Fox H. F. Sharpley, Ir. T. L. Wilson ' 1927 G. S. Backcnstoe D. G. Corbett 12. F. Hooker P. F. Parshley R. H. Barr R. N. Dillon W. J. McCarty J. W. Shade, Jr. - M. C. Cameron, Ir. J. F. Highsmith G. H. Miles 1923 W. B. Bradford E. F. Faison F. O. Glover J, P. Long, Jr. M. G. Colvin J. A. Fritchie, 2d J. L. Lennox A. M. McBryde 159 OMEGA IIPSILON Pm wmega Tltlpsilun 3513i 'Jfraternitp PI CHAPTER fvfrr' 4 .M , , H't -'I eM4?..r.,:':1'j-,V ' it if' " 'Z'- ,,.'h! ' W ' L A - F5 ',,Ql,,' ' p k A Nil. Q V I 0 .. A V . Founded at University ' Established at University of Buffalo, 1895 of Pennsylvania, 1908 FRATRES IN FACULTATE Frank W. Burge, M.D. Percy S. Pelouze, M.D. Edward T. Crossan, M.D. Henry K. Sangree, M.D. Norman L. Knipe, M.D. Carl F. Schmidt, M.D. William B. Mosser, M.D. J. Ralston Wells, M.D. FRATRES IN UNIVERSITATE 1925 John L. Bond William H. Crawford Russell J. Brennan Waldemar T. Fedko Mark K. Gass James F. Allison Raymond W. Brust Richard T. Buckley, Jr. Harold P. Coxson Harry N. G. Kline John L. Loehle. Jr. Willard P. Hudson Benjamin L. Hull 1926 M. Luther Kauffman Harold P. Hamilton 1927 Merrill B. DeWire John Q. Griffith, Jr. Howard R. Hansell 1928 Joseph M. Messick Irvine G. Milheim 161 Ferdinand M. Jordan George A. Jestrab John R. Spannuth Frederick O. Zillessen Henry B. Hoff William R. Moyer, Jr. R. S. Polanco ' Lee A. Rademaker PHI LAMBDA KAPPA bi Zlamhha ikappa Jfraternitp ALPHA ALPHA CHAPTER A . rl ,ml vw, Founded at University Established at University of Chicago, 1907 of Pennsylvania, 1909 FRATRES IN FACULTATE Samuel Cohen, M.D. D. N. Kremer, M.D. David N. Husik, M.D. A. H. Persky, M.D. J. K. Jaffe, M.D. H. A. Schatz, M.D. Isadore Kaufman, M.D. B. H. Shuster, M.D. FRATRES IN UNIVERSITATE 1925 B. B. Adelman H. Goodman H. Lipshutz J. Edeikin S. M. Kaplan J. Sherman J. Golove 1926 J. Averbach H. Goldstein A. Smith C. Charny M. Seltzer 1927 H, Beerman L. Eigen H. Solzmann J. S. Fanberg 1928 I. E. Dessen L. Kaplan H. Sigmund S. Goldberg I. Ritter A. J. Ziserman 163 PHI DELTA EPSILON hi malta Epsilon Jfraternitp KAPP Founded at Cornell University, 1904 A PI CHAPTER 'fb-142 Q W WJ stablishcd at University E of Pennsylvania, 1915 FRATRES IN FACULTATE Henry Ditenfass, M.D. M. S. Ersner, M.D. William Ezickson, M.D. S. Byron Goldsmith, M.D. Benjamin A. Gouley, M.D. Henry Mikelburg, M.D. FRATRES R P. E. Hertz . I. Hiller S. D, Glusker . D. Blechman E E. A. Brav S, Kahr A. Grnstein, M.D. f Philip Rosenblum, M.D. Ernest Springer, M.D. Camile I. Stamm, M.D. Joseph F. Ulman, M.D. IN UNIVERSITATE 1925 - H. F. Kotzen H. J. Tumcn H. Rovno W. Yuckman 1926 U. Meyer H. E. Rosenberg 1927 H. P. Davis M. L. Stadiem 1928 F. T. R. Stone 165 PHI BETA P1 bi Beta ibi Jfraternitp ' ALPHA SIGMA CHAPTER P.: 0 LQ "if, 1' Founded at University Established at University of Pittsburgh, 1890 of Pennsylvania, FRATRES IN FACULTATE ,loseph McTver, M.D. George E. Pfahlcr, M.D. Henry C. Bazett, M.A., M.D., F.R.C.S. Arthur J. Wagers, M.D. Albert C. Buckley, M.D. Jacob L. Engle, M.D. Robert I. Hunter, M.D. William H. F. Addison, M.D. Leighton F. Appleman, M.D. Horace J. Williams, M.D. D. Wright Wilson, M.D., P FRATRES' IN UNIVERSITATE D. H. Anderson G. A. Fiedler M. L. Hafer S. G. Henderson J, M. BclTeI G. Buchanan G. Calvin C. A. Karsh G. Berner W. l. Davies C. Garrett H. Bowles 1925 R. W. Lukens J. M. Marshall L. Monson C. E. Towson 1926 W. S. Magee H. Marshall S. Parkenson 1927 D. C. jones R. Noer E. Scala 1928 F. Kennan 167 G. Towson . C. Trauba J. W. Woehrle L. R. Young . G. Sprccker . J. Walsh . J. Wherrilt Stapleton L. Ward Pfahl 1919 h THETA KAPPI Psi Ulibeta iliappa si Jfratzrmtp I I Illll WSE? ' 4569 Founded at Richmond Established at University College 1808 ofPennsy1van1a 1921 FRATER IN FACULTATE A. N. Richards. Ph. D. FRATRES IN UNIVERSITATE H. B. Ditmore C. C. Dale W. A. johnson T-I. B. Smith C. H. Rand E. G. Rand J. M. Barrett 1925 1926 1928 M. L. Stone W. I-I. Storm R. B. Wilsoii C. E. Cornelius J. K. Gibson J. XV. Jeffries 169 Qlpba Qbmega Qlpba Jfraternitp HONORARY BETA OF PENNSYLVANIA CHAPTER Founded at University of Illi11ois, 1902 ' Q 7233 bi d- I 'ii i' ' 'l"f . .' Established at University of Pennsylvania, 1903 FRATRES IN FACULTATE Alexander Crever Abbott, M.D., Dr.P.H. Francis Heed Adler, A.B., M.D. James Harold Austin, B.S., M.D. Charles Walts Burr, B.S., M.D. John Goodrich Clark, M.D. olm Blair Deaver MD SCD LL.D. I 1 ' -r - 'v Eldridge Lyon Eliason, A.B., M.D. Charles Harrison Frazier, A.B., Sc.D. Arthur Bruce Gill, A.B., M.D. Sidney Byron Goldsmith, M.D. Frederick Louis Hartmann, M.D. Barton Cooke Hirst, A.B., M.D., John Cooke Hirst, 2d, M.D. Harold Waldron How, M.D. Floyd Elwood Keene, M.D. Richard Arminius Kern, M.D. Paul Adin Lewis, M.D. Arthur Bomhcrger Light, M.D. Morton McCutcheon, M.D. Edward Martin, A.M., M.D., LL.D. Thomas Grier Miller, A.B., M.D. FRATRES J. Edeiken F. M. Jordan A. Harvey I. W. Klopp S. F. Hazen F. D. W. Luk F. B. Hitchcock Sc.D.Charles Karsner Mills, M.D., Ph.D. Sterling Walker Moorehead, A.B., George W. Norris, A.B., M.D. Henry K. Pancoast, M.D. Oliver I-lazard Perry Pepper, B.S., William Pepper, A.B., M.D. M.D. M.D. George Arthur Piersol, C.E., M.D., Sc.D. George Morris Piersol, B.S., M.D. M.D.,B. Alexander Randall, A.M., M.D., Ph.D. Alfred Newton Richards, A.M., Ph.D. David Riesman, M.D. Joseph Sailer, Ph.B., M.D. Truman Gross Schnabel, A.B., M.D. LL.D.George Edmund de Schweinitz, A.B., A.M., M.D. Allen John Smith, A.M., M.D., Sc.D., LL.D. William Gibson Spiller. M.D. Alfred Stengel, M.D., Sc.D. Joshua Edwin Sweet, A.M., M.D. T. Turner Thomas, M.D. Robert Grant Torrey, M.D. Charles Christian Wolferth, A.B., M.D. IN UNIVERSITATE R. B. M. McCarty G. R. Miller H. R. Mahorner VV. W. Oaks ens P. H. Marquette A. P. Ormond 170 SOCIETIES W XVILLIAM PEPPER RIEDICAL Socnzrv F. D. W. Lukens william epper illllehinal Sunietp President ....... Vice President . . . Secretary ...... Treasurer .... L. H. Collins, Jr S. F. Hazen F. Hitchcock I. W. Klopp M. 13. Lapham W. F. Burdick N. R. Clarke J. A. Dunn L. S. Laiitte W. L. Long C. W. Mayo I. L. Atlee, Jr. W. Duane, Ir. G. H. Fonde A I. T. Krall I. B. Krom W. O. Abbott M. V. Adams K. W. Barber C. Bell T. Butterworth, Jr. Founded in 1886 DR. ALFRED S'r1fNG15r., Patron OFFICERS M EM BERS 1925 N. M. Macfarlane. B. Mason D. Matzke W. U. McClenahan 1926 P. H. Neese J. P. North P. K. Park J. T. Priestlcy H. F. Robertson 1927 W. Limberger W. Trimble J. P. McCloskey F.. D. Mitchell, Ir. 1928 F. W. Davidson W. I. Daw M. I. M. Ellis L. B. Laplace I. E. MeClenahan 173 GARRFTT R. MILLFR S. E. Hixzmx J. P. Noam 1-I. F. Ronxam-son H. P. MCCuistion E. E. McKee G. R. Miller W. W. Oaks J. B. Priestley R. L. Sharp H. W. Stephens J. A. Steward I. Winfield F. C. Wood P. Morgan D. S. Polk S. A. Shelburne A. R. Sherman W. G. McDaniel T. Park J. Scattergood, ,Tr G. W. Stephenson E. A. Wilkerson D. HAYES AGNEW SURGICAL Soc1ETY A B. Ziaapes Qgnetn Surgical bucietp Founded in 1887 DR. CHARLES H. FRAZIER, Patron OFFICERS President ........ ............ ..... G . L. KRAUSE Vice President ..... ...... V . A. CALLERY Recording Secretary ..... .... M . H. MCCAFFREY Corresponding Secretary ....... A. B. FULLER Treasurer ........... ..... . .. R. L. GQWAN MEMBERS 1925 Boyer R. L. Gowan G. L. Krause H. D. Rentschler V. A. Callcry W. O. Horton A. W. McAlester H. Rusk L. E. Fendrick S. H. Hulsey M. H. McCaffrey 1926 H. J. Bickerstaif R. I. Brennan J. P. Keating H. Sctzer W. Buckingham A. B. Fuller F. I. Noonan A. W. Shewman 1927 J. Brackbill H. F. Hendrickson J. F. Highsmith I. P. Keating T. S. Harris 1928 I. E. Barbour R. A. Groif J. H. Wolf C, M. DeMarco M. M. Weisenfluh R. M, Wolff 175 y... N! Ox BARTON Coon: HIRST OBSTI-:'rR1c.aL SOCIETY Zgartun flanks Zlairst QE'hstetricaI Sunietp President ...... Vice President Secretary ...... Treasurer .... Historian ...... Assistant Historian R. C. Colgan W. Griflith I. L. Marshall L. B. Armstrong R. Bierly R. W. Garlichs H. B. Goodspeed F. I. Halford E. F. Comstock R. Lyman C. Bahnson D. S. Hart Founded in 1894 DR. B. C. HIRST, Patron OFFICERS .-............ MEMBERS 1925 A. Willcinson B. F. Mock 1926 I. M. Johnston G. S. Klump A. V. Molyneux P. WV. Ramer 1927 I. Missett F. G. Wandall 1928 H. Hopkins A. D. King 177 B. F. Mocx J. G. Ross H. P. GOODSPEED R. C. COLGAN I. L. MARSHALL G. S. KLUMP J. W. Rich I. G. Ross I. Reiner H. St. Clair L. C. Wademan R. White V J. H. Willard C Ross C. Scull JOHN B. DEAVER SURGICAL SOCIETY Eluhn 38. Realm Surginal Qucietp Founded in 1894 DR. JOHN B. DEAVER, Patron OFFICERS President . .... .. .............. ...... W . B. WILSON Vice President ......... ..... L . BAKER Secretary .... ..... L .' H. HERGESHEIMER Treasurer .... ....... L . S. McGoocAN MEMBERS 1925 L. Baker A. S. Martineau R. E. Pray H. A. Gilda L. S. McGoogau W. B. Robert L. C. Hamblock T. C. Mitchell W. B. Wilson E. E. Jones 1926 R. D. Bacon X G. L. King J. A. Reisingcr W. H. Black I. C. McAdams I. H. Spencer M. S. Daugherty T. W. McCreary, Jr. H. L. Tonkin L. H. Hergesheimer 1927 R. H. Barr R. N. Dillon E. L. Keyte M. C. Cameron I. R. Heller G, H, Miles D. G. Corbett I. F. Hill I. W. Shadle R. P. Derimer E. N. Smith 1928 W. W. Eberling F. H. Top I. P. Long, Ir. J. A. Malcolm 179 GEoRGE A. PIERSOL ANATOMICAL SOCIETY Marge Q. 1Bier5uI Qnatumical Society President .......... Vice President ...... Recording Secretary . .. Corresponding Sccreiary Treasurer ............. D. H. Anderson J. L. Bond W. M. Crawford A. Harvey G. F. Calvin W. T. Fedko H. T. Garard C. C. Garrett D. C. Jones Founded in 19 09 DR. A. P. C. ASHURST, Patron OFFICERS MEMBERS 1925 XV. P. Hudson B. L. Hull F. M. Jordan R. W. Lukens 1926 ll. P. Hamilton M. C. Kaufman J. R. Spannuth 1927 C. J. Zinn VV. J. McCarthy 1928 W. H. CRANVFORD .. F. M. JORDAN S. S. :MATTHEWS W. P. HAMILTON NV. T. FEDKO R. L. Mansell S. S. Matthews W. E. Ovcreash W. H. Storm H. F. Sharpley T. L. Wilson J. F. Murphy J. VV. Jeffries L. Radcmaker I. J. Millieim VV. L. Noe, Jr. 181 n-A OO IX! BASSINI SURGICAL SOCIETY President ....... Vice 1,7'l'.Vfll'f'Hf Secretary . . . . Treasurer . . . Zgassini Surgical bucietp Founded in 1912 DR. T. TU1zNr:1a THOMAS, Patron OFFICERS MEMBERS 1925 E. M. Bcvilacqua F. Mogavero 1926 J. D'Emi1io L. Viteri F. L. Deljasquule S. R. Gonzalez C. Serviu 1927 A. D'Orazfo 1928 M. Polanco 183 E. M. BEVILACQUA IQ. E. VITERI J. D'EM1L1o F. Mocfxvrzno E Louis PASTEUR SURGICAL Socmry l 1 l I Iluuis iBas'teur burgical Sunietpi I Louis PASTEUR I Founded in 1893 as Established at University La Place Surgical Society of Pennsylvania, 1916 Name changed in 1925 . g' DR. WAI.'1'ER ESTELL LEE, Patron OFFICERS Y President . ..... .............. . . N. C. TRAUBA i Vice President ...... W. B. WILSON Q Secretary ....... .... ,T OHN BEFFEL 7 Treasurer .... .... ...... J . Ross 1925 l G. Fiedler C. I. Towson ,N M. L. Hafer I. G. Towson I. L. Marshall N. Trauba I. M. Marshall I. W. Woehrle S. G. Mathews W. B. Wilson q I. G. Ross Q 1926 J. M. Beifel G. Calvin R. Bierly J. Johnson - G. Buchanan S. Parkinson y I. Reisingcr 1927 J E. M. Jameson E. B. Robertson R. J. Nocr 3 I 5 185 l JOHN C. HEISLER ANATOMICAL SOCIETY Ziubn QE. Jlaeisler Zlnatnmical Sucuztp Founded m 1900 Establnshcd at Umversxty of Pennsylvanla 1916 DR. JOHN! C. LHIQISLER, Patron OFFICERS Preszdent ............. I G TowsoN V1ce Prendent M K GASS Secretary G A FIEDLER Treasurer . L A MARKLEY M EM B ERS G. A. lficcllcr M. L. Stone C. Towson J. M. Bcffcl, Jr. G. Buchanan M. K. Gass K. Karsh R. T. Buckley J. W. Clark W. I. Davis M. B. DeWit I. R. Grimth H. R. Hanscll H. P. Coxcn T. F. Kcnnan 1925 1926 1927 1928 187 I. G. Towson N. C. Trauba J. WOFtl1Cl1 F. O. Zillcssen L. A. Markley H. Marshall H. B. Hoff W. R. Moyer R. Noor I. A. Pync L. L. Ward H. N. G. Kline I. F. Lochle, jr STUDENTS' JNIEDICAL Socnsrv Founded in 1904 Qtuhents fllilehical Suniztp Established at University of Pennsylvania, 1916 DR. S. LOWENBURG, Patron President ....... Vice President ......... . Recording Secretary ....... Corresponding Secretary ..., Treasurer ................ Alumni Correspondcn! J. Cutler I. Edeiken J. Golove H. Goodman W. Gordon J. Averbach C. Charny H. Goldstein A. Greenberg H. Beerman E. Brav D. Blcchman M. Cohen H. Davis H. Salzman , H. Aronis S. Cohen M. Corff I. E. Dessen H. Fine M. Fisher S. Goldberg S. Kahr L. Kaplan OFFICERS MEMBERS 1925 P. E. Hertz M. Kaplan H Lipshutz J. Sherman N. Steinberg 1926 M. Seltzer A. Smith H. Smuckler 1927 L. Eigcn D. Eisenberg S. Fanberg S. Kolpin M. Magill 1928 J. Reiss S. Reskoff J. Ritter H. Sigmund E. Stone I. Task M. Teitlebaum S. Zcritsky A. Ziserman 189 I-IAROLD LIPSCHUTZ C. CHARNY E. BRAV I-I. SALZMANN D. BLECHMAN . . B. FANBURG Wou1:N's MEDICAL Socuzry Eumerfs Jlllehical bunietp Founded in 1919 Du. JOHN C. HIRST, Patron OFFICERS President ............,.......... .............. .... M E Lissix HANICINS Vice President and Treasurer .... EIIIABI in ICIRK Secretary ...... ............... .... S UsAN CROSIIIY MEMBERS 1925 Caroline Crowell Melissa M. 1-Iankins M. Elizabeth Heller 1926 Mary E. Clough Marion P. Firor Elizabeth Kirk Faith E. Williams 1927 Susan Crosley Gaynelle Robertson 1928 Sarah Bailey Genevieve Cobb Ellie Ireland 191 Margaret J. Nash Helena E. Riggs Eva J. Line Ethel L. Rahe Winifred B. Stewart Rachel Winlock Laura McClure Julianna Tatum , UNDERGRMUATE IWEDICAL SOCIETY Tllinhergrahuatz fllilehical Zlssuciatinn Founded in 1908 DR. JOHN G. CLARK, Patron OFFICERS President ....... ................ . .. F. M.. JORDAN Vice President ......... P. HER'rz Secretary ....... .... M . L. KAUFEMAN Treasurer .... ..... H . TONKIN DELEGATES WILLIAM PEPPER MEDICAL SoCIE'rY . BASSINI SURGICAL SOCIETY E. E. McKee E. M. Bevilacqua N. E. Clarke L. Viteri D. HAYESLAGNEW SURGICAL SOCIETY LA PLACE SURGICAL SOCIETY V. A. Callery S. G. Matthews A. B. Fuller ' J. Johnston BARTON CooKE HIRST OBSTETRICAL SOCIETY JOHN C. I-IEISLER ANATOMICAL SOCIETY J.. G. Ross I. Towson R. W. Garlichs F. O. Zillessen JOHN B. DEAVER SURGICAL SoC1E'rv STUDENTS' MEDICAL Scenery L. Hamblock P. Hertz H. Tonkin J. Averbach GEORGE A. PIERSOL ANATOMICAL Socurry WOMEN'S MEDICAL Socnary F. M. Jordan Miss M. Hankins M. L. Kauffman Miss E. Kirk DELEGATES-AT-LARGE R. F. Bacon A. B. Fuller F. M. Jordan U. Meyer G. F. Calvin R. E. Fox E. M. Landis T. W. McCreary L. Collins L. H. Hergesheimer W. L. Long E, E, McKee L. Davenport S. Hulsey D. Matzke - H. C. Thompson J. M. Dunn C. L. Jackson CLASS DELEGATES Senior E. E. McKee Sophomore G. E. Berner Junior J. P, North Freshman F. W. Davidson SL 193 n-n M5 A THE RAB1zI.A1S CLUB N l W 5 ,A+ An j ,ff .Q , Nw, A X , . .xxx ,LE .- BR 1--11 ' x' MELA V ' . Q mg, , 1. w --- f- J ' A 1, 1 T-F V, -'v gyrikm ""'i15f'4! H- Q, .--bw?r?W? W:.-'L NT l 47 ' 'S21'I,.'-If: 35.3.1 " L,-U '-' L"'- - '45-J' , ' ",' - ,,rw. . x ' E3Z."l1J':f'vi.iyf W: MTW. 'ffl' wwf' F ' ..1'..f 11 IW',kfugixgf-"'3-W3-',-'12 2, -' , f ff-'1vw'.v'f f-314 f 12- 4-1525529159253?-5fiw'7?Q5 J vwfwisy ,sfiiifw-.fHarS'f+'1,i '1..2Af-YM:-fjm'1H - sfAfefke1i:+f-29 . WIS' wivwi '47 - ' ,zv"f!fvp'V!-P-'s:'-E-wi'-X,"I'v'+Lf-Hf'-91 ,Q ' lk -an + 'ffd-"W-' Y -'fAf5,v4!f,mw' 2- P- ,. ,L ,H . . - Y ,wg g 31,1-, ,, .5 ' V' ,:.Zi'!riM4YQs1'1fif Q" ' .,fi. A-wffbl "' HW" g ' A ,, .,.w-,-q.fg : ' 1, 444-f -: A -A -ASN 5 ,..:.4sQ9i".- 4 S I Q - 1 195 1 xll NJN Q silk Wfnff VH ' 'W this Refpeft 5 the Ttullece bein? ever delirrws lo to me- p,nmi,,, -.iv nege the lnltitution, at that the geatelt Good may hc A ,,,i,,,, ,A .D 'V' done thereby. 1 . ,rmt.,...a, tim r- A utah 5 it r P P E N, junio, DW' OU'-'W tuxedo AVIN G been I-taly called to the Aflillance of I Number 5Y'l'l"r md I ' et Ah- J Women in the Country, in dillienlt Ltboerr, malt of bw, Ind IQ 0' Qighlg which were made fo by the unlkilriil old Women about them, the lillllllll .BUNHCQ jg, gg pntn Women have fulfered ntrenttly, and their innoeent llttla 4-wk. Ill U10 ' gg by Ont were entirely dellroyel, arhofa Live: might have been eaily fhl PYUYUHCG 0' ll. Ol laved by proper Marugernentt And being informed of ferertl de- 7040: WH! " fperate Cafes in the diferent Neighhourhoode, which had proved 3 llll' 'YUM I inthe fatal to the lothen at vrell at their lnfaritt, and were attended WIN for U-10'-to .gt lp auth the moll painful Circurnhaneet, too difmal to he related! he SUCH? llll Ml wg, in thought it hiv Duty umm-diately to begin hirintrnded Gourfe of Llc- Till! Q' IGN. l en with turet on Midwifery, and hat prepared e proper Apparatus for that sUbf9'lb4'r Nl I. he Purpofe, in order to inhrufl thefe Women who have had Virtue U Laiveel enough to own their Ignorance, and apply for lnllruilion, at well gg Dey, at ell thofe young Gentlemen now engaged in the Study ol' that AS lately ge eh ofelul and neceihry Branch of Surgery, who are taking Paine to 3m,,,4,4 by hu qualify thetnfelvee to praaife in different hm of' the Country, ,,M,nN,, M -he GC with Saiety and Advantage to their Fellow Cfeaturel, but on to ffm bee on The Dollar propofca to begin hit ftrh Courfe at foon ae a Num- - topla on her of Puprla fullielent to defray the neeelfary Ba noe fhallipply. C I rd 5? erilj ae A Cottrfe vrill eonftlt of about so Ledtureo, in which he vrill treat I R "H If lntoehe of that Part of Anatomy which it rreeeftty to underkand that tn 'aku' Q, Branch, explain all Ctfea in llidrrifery, natural, difficult, and :an C" N ' here he preternatunl, and give Directions how no treat them with Safety to Z I" "',, 9' 'leaving Mother and Childg deferihe the Difaafea incident to Women and : :s 'egg or ad fa fre Children in the Month, and direft to proper Remcdictg will talre ' 'mb' "G nllarrd 5 Ocerfion, during the Courfe, to explain and apply thofe curious a- PQI.: 71f 'E eft, her netohital Platet and Calla ofthe grtvid Uterue at the Hofpital, ' em' . hnm, and conclude the whole with rtacellkry Cautions againlk the dan- nn fn mug" geroul and eroel Ufe oflnkrumentl. 3? ' fs L K' In order to tnalte the Courfe more perfedt, a convenient Lodging no 'meh 'gem' L,,,,,5,,, le provided for the Accommodation of a fray poor Women, who Rm" ' R hum, othertrile might fulfer for Want of the common Nceeffatiet on wx' 'M "Jug, , mugs ehole Otcalionl, to be under the Care of a fober hortell Natron, Run? " .M cn. well acquainted with lying-in Women, employed by the Do6hor for fs' ,I 'R ' . r-tr.. w-t to-uf-. p' ',, 5- jg' ,L pin Bath Pupil to attendttro Conrfea at lean, for which he it to pay MA. ' f"',,' ' W Nm. Five Guineu. Perpetual Pupilt to pay Ten Guinea. 3 J' 'H' cmd, The feanle Pupil: to be taughr privately, and adilied at any of I f" 'f ' ' " ' their private Lahourt when neclffary. 'M hu HWY' The Dollar may he fpolee with at his Houfe, in Flon!-Greet, W hkfm' M' every Morning, between tha Honra of Si: end Nine, or at hit Of- mu' md 'W' 'Y .Q th. ire, in Lrtitia-Court, every Evening. .N 5af:'Sha"'. -,rn-nr 'r o a 5 r. z 'r 'r, ,,,,..fM:',' ' I A Commndinur Houfe and Kitchen, lieth in Spruce-0181, ht- ,ffg Mm . if af tqaen Fourth and Fifth-ftreetr,havlag S: Fire-plaeee in thetrt, :M up ,. 'vi ,a line Yard me Garden to the Houfe. n Porno of ine wmv lu- t.. ' Q c ' p F e 960- I 'V I 7 6 I 196 be Zlaisturp ut the apartment ut Ghstettits in the jliilehital School ut the Tttinihersitp ut Bennsplhania By BARTON Cooicic I-Imsr, M. D. The early history of the Department of Obstetrics in the Medical School is the history of the heads of the department. It is true that Shippen and James, both trained in Europe, brought home with them a realization of the necessity of providing means for clinical training, but the most that they could obtain was so meagre that it was practically negligible and their successors made no attempt in this direction at all. The only teaching the students received, therefore, was from didactic lectures given by the professor. Consequently the success of his department depended entirely upon himselfg his reputation, his personalityg his ability as a speakerg a striking contrast with the present time when the equipment and organization of the department is everything, the personal qualities of the professor nothing in comparison. William Shippen, Jr., was born October 21, 1736. His great-grandfather came from the west riding of Yorkshire to Boston, where he acquired wealth and prominence, but he left Boston for Philadelphia, partly on account of the Puritan persecution of the Quakers and partly on account of Penn's pressing invitation to come to Philadelphia, where he filled successively, almost all the important offices in the Govermnent. The Shippen family in England were people of considerable importance, the nephew of thc first immigrant was Vice Chancellor of Oxford University. Shippen's grandfather was a man of wealth and comparative leisure, a friend of Franklin and one of the founders of the Junto. His father, William Shippen, Sr., had the best medical practice of his time in Philadelphia. Young Shippen received a classical education in Finlay's Academy, at Nottingham, Maryland, finished his education in the College of New Jersey, then at Newark, before its removal to Princeton and in delivering the Valedictory Address was so eloquent that the famous evangelist, Whitefield, rose in the audience and publicly complimented him, urging him to enter the ministry. Shippen obtained his medical education in Europe, going to Great Britain in 1757 when twenty-one years old, he lived with the Hunters, in Londong studied under William Hewson, Sir John Pringle, Fothergill and McKenzie. In Edin- burgh, where he received his degree in 1761, he was instructed by Cullen and Monroe, and having an opportunity to visit France, he came in contact there with the best minds of the profession. On his return to America in 1762 he gave a course of public lectures on Surgery and Anatomy in his father's house, in Fourth street, but the opening lecture was delivered in the Old State House in Philadelphia. On January 1, 1765, there appeared in the Pennsylvania Gazette the following statement: Q "Dr, Shippen, Jr., having been lately called to the assistance of a number of C197 zz4W women in the country, in difticult labors, most of which were made so by the unskillful old women about them, the poor women having suffered extremely, and their innocent little ones being entirely destroyed, whose lives might have been easily saved by proper management, and being informed of several desperate cases in the different neighborhoods which had proved fatal to the mothers as well as to their infants, and were attended with the most painful circumstances, too dismal to be related! He thought it his duty immediately to begin his intended courses in midwifery, and has prepared a proper apparatus for that purpose, in order to instruct those women who have virtue enough to own their ignorance and apply for instruction, as well as those young gentlemen now engaged in the study of that useful and necessary branch of surgery, who are taking pains to qualify themselves to practice in different parts of the country, witl1 safety and advantage to their fellow-citizens." After giving an outline of the contemplated course, the advertisement goes on to state that , "in order to make the course more perfect, a convenient lodging is provided for the accommodation of a few poor women, who otherwise might suffer for want of the common necessaries on these occasions, to be under the care of a sober, honest matron, well acquainted with lying-in women, employed by the Doctor for that purpose." This was the beginning of the Obstetrical Department of the University of Pennsylvania and of its Maternity Hospital, the first of its kind in America, for in September, 1765, Shippen was appointed Professor of Anatomy and Surgery in the Medical School of the College of Philadelphia, the precursor of the University of Pennsylvania. Curiously enough the title of Professor of Midwifery was not added to his titles of Professor of Anatomy and Surgery until 1792, although his predilection had always been for obstetrics, which he studied with particular attention in London and Edinburgh. His graduation thesis was entitled "De Placentae cum utero nexu." In fact it was not until 1813 that the Professor of Obstetrics, then Dr. James, had a scat in the faculty and the course in this subject was made obligatory, an evidence of the strange indifference that so long prevailed to a branch of medicine not exceeded, if indeed it is equalled, in its importance to the individual, the family and the State. Shippen continued to teach for forty-one years, but during the Revolution he naturally devoted his attention more to military affairs. He was appointed Director General of all the Military Hospitals in the United States during the Revolutionary War. He died July 11, 1808. He was succeeded in the chair of Anatomy and Obstetrics by Caspar Wistar in 1808, but Wistar, who was interested only in Anatomy, soon petitioned the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania to create a separate chair for Obstetrics, which was done in 1810, and the first incumbent elected to this position was Thomas Chalkney James, born August 31, 1766, and graduated in medicine in the University of Pennsylvania in 1787. He then took a sea voyage as surgeon around the Cape of Good Hope to China in order to obtain funds to continue his medical studies in Europe. , He spent three years in London and Edinburgh, returning to Philadelphia In the midst of the yellow fever epidemic of 17933 a year later he accompanied 200 TFIBICODIMIAS CNUAIMTIES IMLHD 201 WMP. JDEWEES.M.1E. 202 I 1 i l l 1 l l A A l i 1 l I the MacPherson Blues as surgeon on their Western Military expedition. In spite of profound learning, extensive travel, military service, excellent social and professional position, he was remarkably shy and retiring, hesitating to express his views authoratively and leaving little behind him commensurate with his learning and experience. He was the first in America, however, deliberately to induce labor for a contracted pelvis at the conclusion of the seventh month with success for both mother and child. This was in 1810. Eight years previously he had established a practical school for obstetrics in the wards of the Philadelphia Almshouseg sections of three students attending each delivery. In 1827 he argued in favor of abdominal pregnancies always being secondary. He had considerable literary ability, but was so diffident that what he wrote was published anony- mously. He thus contributed a number of poems to contemporary magazines. He was a man of profound religious conviction. He mastered a number of foreign languages so that he might study his Bible in Hebrew, Greek, Latin, French and German. His chief literary work in medicine was his adaptation of Burn's book on Obstetrics for the use of American medical students. He died in 1835. The associate and successor of James in the Chair of Obstetrics was one of the most remarkable Egures in American medical history. William Potts Dewees was born May 5, 1768, of Swedish ancestry on his father's side, of English on his mother's, who was the daughter of Thomas Potts, of Pottstown, where Dewees was born. He began the practice of medicine after attending only part of a course of lectures, without acquiring a degree, at first settling in Abington, a few miles outside of Philadelphia. He came to the city directly after the yellow fever epidemic in 1793, and without infiuence, self-educated, without any of the advan- tages which his predecessors had enjoyed, but by the force of his genius and mental power, he immediately achieved an astounding success. He received his honorary medical degree years after he had been in practice. He had instructed himself in French and Latin and was mainly infiuential i11 introducing Baudelocque's work to American students. At the age of forty-four he retired from practice to conduct a farm in the country, in which enterprise, like so many physicians in business, he lost his whole fortune. He returned to Philadelphia five years after he had left the city, poor and with a large fainily dependent upon him. He immediately resumed the successful practice he had leftufive years before. His literary fecundity was amazing. The numerous editions of his works on obstetrics, diseases of women, practice of medicine and diseases of children were the authoritative books on those subjects in America. The dedication of Hodge's Obstetrics to him and to James expressed the feeling of the profession--"To the Memory of Thomas C. james, the first pro- fessor of obstetrics in the University of Pennsylvania, and of William Potts Dewees, his colleague and successor, by whose talents and attainments, moral excellencies, social influences, public teachings and classical writings, the foundation of the science of obstetrics, was made in America." 203 V FRQF. R. A. F. PENROSE, NLD., LL.D 205 L ...L 'gr-Q, my fa BLOCKLEY CLINIC Dewees' reputation was not confined to this country. He was the first to confer dignity on American medical literature. Ramsbotham dedicated a book to himg Rigny wrote that he was a close student of his work and his books were translated into German. He died in 1841. He l1ad a worthy successor in Hugh Lennox Hodge, born in 1796. His early career was devoted to surgery, but on account of failing eyesight he was compelled to adopt obstetrics as his special work. He taught this subject for thirty-one years. He is accorded world-wide recognition as one of the notable contributors to the advancement of the science and art of obstetrics. His book is read today with respectful attention. We owe to him the foundation of our knowledge of the mechanism of labor and of the pelvic planes. To my mind there is no work on obstetrics of his time in any language comparable with Hodge's book. He died in 1873. His successor, Richard A. F. Penrose, born in 1827, died in 1908 in his eighty- first year. He graduated at Dickinson College, 1846, and from the Medical Depart- ment of the University of Pennsylvania in 1849. In 1854 he was consulting physician to' the Philadelphia Hospital and was one of those who opened the wards of that Hospital for instruction to students. He was one of the founders of the Children's Hospital and of the American Gynecological Society. In 1863 he was the fifth professor to occupy the Chair of Obstetrics and diseases of women and children in the University of Pennsylvania, having been preceded by Shippen, James, Dcwees, Wistar and Hodge. He resigned in 1889. Penrose wrote very little. His greatest claim to distinction was his brilliant career as a didactic teacher. Before the days of the obstetric clinic, Penrose with his manikin, Mrs. O'Flaherty of blessed memory to the class of forty years ago, actually gave clinic instruction of the highest order, and enacted the drama of labor and its complications with the accomplishments of the trained actor and skilled orator. His dramatic conversations with his padded manikin, his wit, humor and profound knowledge of human nature, his fiights of oratory that thrilled his audiences and carried a pointed lesson in practical obstetrics-who among l1is students could ever forget them? His lectures were carefully written and committed to memory, and yet his art made them appear wholly spontaneous. He taught practical obstetrics only. Being profoundly convinced that his views were correct he made his classes believe that his was the last word to be said on any topic he presented. He was sure of his teaching, and he made his students sure of the knowledge he gave them. On Dr. Penrose's resignation the Chair of Obstetrics was divided for one year between Dr. Howard A. Kelly and the present incumbent, who, the following year, was put in sole charge of the department. He was confronted with a serious, not to say a discreditable situation and a formidable task. His sole equipment for teaching was the use of a lecture room for an hour and three times a week. From that time on the history of the department ceases to be that of an individualg it becomes the record of a developing equipment an organization that has resulted in conditions so familiar to our present students that their detailed description is superfluous. 207 Docron HIRST,S Cumc jlieurulugp in bilahelpbia aah Ghz glieurnlugical Eepartment uf 1115132 ilBhiIaheIpbia general Zlanspital By Clzarlcs K. Mills, MD., LL.D. The first medical school established in the United States was that of the University of Pennsylvania. Students from every section of the country sat on its benches and its professors were the chief contributors to American medical literature. Philadelphia also has long held hrst rank in neurology, the branch of medicine with which this article is chiefiy concerned. The first American book on psychiatry was written by Dr. Benjamin Rush, a professor in the pioneer faculty of the University. Much that is interesting and dramatic has been written about the life of Rush, who was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, and surgeon- general of one of the departments of the American army during the Revo- lution, but I like best the account of him given many years after his death. At the time indicated by this writer, Rush, because of physical enfeeble- ment, sat while lecturing, always surrounded by an enthusiastic class. Rush regarded his instruction on mental diseases as one of the most important parts of his professional duties. About a year before his death he published a volume entitled "Medical Inquiries and Observations Upon the Diseases of the Mind." In this book in large part were incor- porated his writing and lectures of the two previous decades. This volume of "Inquiries" embraced not only much learning derived from the medical works of his predecessors but also a mass of original observations. I-Ie paid large attention to the subject of treatment. His therapeutics, while tinctured with the views of his period on such subjects as bleeding, purgation, restraint and even coercion contained also much that has since become the basis of the modern treatment of insanity. I-le was ahead of his time in his advocacy of such measures as outdoor exer- cise, occupation and the use of prolonged warm or cold baths. He described many of the phobias which hold such an important place in modern psychiatric literature. For more than 50 years no work on the clinical aspects of psychiatry or neurology appeared in this country and no instruction on these subjects as separate branches was given in our medical schools. I-Iowever, in 1838 Dr. Isaac Ray gave to the professions of medicine and law a work on the "jurisprudence of Insanity." Ray was a New Englander but spent the last I4 years of his life in Philadelphia and became prominent in our local medical history. In 1870 he was appointed lecturer on insanity at the jefferson Medical College and his lectures were illustrated by demonstra- tions of cases in the clinical amphitheatre of Blockley by Dr. D. D. Rich- ardson, superintendent of the Insane Department. This was probably the first clinical instruction on mental diseases in this country. During his continuance as a member of the Board oflGuardians of the Poor, Dr. Ray was active in ameliorating the condition of the insane at Blockley. ' 209 DR. FRAz1ER's CLINIC The subjects of psychiatry and legal medicine were greatly advanced by the-treatise of Ray on jurisprudence which went through several editions. In addition to this notable volume, Dr. Ray was the author of several other valuable works. I-Ie contributed extensively to the medical journals and frequently appeared in court as a medical expert in insanity cases. Dr. Ray was a man of wide attainments. His writings were always characterized by scholarship and extensive technical knowledge. They were models both in style and in substance. Medical writers can well afford to look to him as an exemplar. During the civil war a hospital was established by the Wai' Depart- ment in Philadelphia for the study and treatment of the injuries of nerves and was placed in charge of Dr. S. VVeir Mitchell, with Dr. Morehouse and Dr. Keen as associates. As a result of experiences in this hospital an original work appeared on "Injuries of the Nerves" which has since remained a classic on this subjectg but the literature of neurology up to this time was conhned generally to special chapters in treatises on medicine. The "seventies" of the last century marked the entrance of specialists and specialties into the medical profession in Philadelphia and in the country at large. In 1871. Dr. Horatio C. Wfood was made lecturer on nervous diseases in the University of Pennsylvania and a year or two later clinical professor. In 1874, about a year after the University was moved from Ninth street to Nafest Philadelphia, I became his chief of clinic. My first teaching position was that of lecturer on Electrotherapeu- tics in 1877. The- Philadelphia Neurological Society was not founded until 1884. In 1877 I was appointed by the Guardians of the Poor, neurologist to the Philadelphia Hospital, but, strange to say, I was not received with open arms by the medical board. The specialist in the "seventies," if not considered an outlaw, at least was regarded as an unwelcome intruder. He was not only opposed but sometimes satirized. The future of neu- rology at Blockley at first was certainly not promising. Here and there through the Outwards were cases of organic nervous disease, many of them in a deplorable condition because of the nature of their maladies and the lack of medical attention. Less than 20 of these cases were picked out and transferred to the new Nervous VVards which were located in wooden pavilions, between the clinic gate and the amphi- theatre. These pavilions had been erected a few years previously because of an epidemic which was overtaxing the normal capacity of the hospital. This space is now occupied by the Nurses' Home and the building for the accommodation of the internes. They were not ornamental nor especially attractive, but they had the one great advantage of providing plenty of room for expansion, a fact which had much to do with the rapid increase of the census of the wards. The population of the Neurological Department has now increased to about 500 patients and if the psychopathic wards founded much later are included the number is not much short of one thousand. The nervous wards began to be a general dumping ground for patients who were not 211 I9 n-1 IQ GENERAL SURGICAL CLINIC considered by the visiting physicians, internes or nurses as desirable occupants of other wards. These pariahs were sometimes filthy or troublesome and the order would go forth to send them to the nervous wards. My resident and nurses often thought they were maltreated and would object, but my directions were to take them all. Later I had the patients from the so-called paralytic wards removed from the third story of the Outwards and still later the epileptics were transferred from the Insane Department. At first the resident physicians did not fancy the assignment to the nervous wards, but as time progressed the wards became popular not only with the internes but with the members of the visiting staff and others outside the hospital, who began to have neurological ambitions. The visiting neurologists at first were two in number, the number was soon increased to four and later to six and finally to eight. Old Blockley and especially its neurological wards and Insane De- partments has furnished many scenes, incidents and episodes which deserve the pencil of, a Hogarth or a Gustave Dore, or the pen of a Hugo or a Dostoyevsky. Any one who has witnessed the striking appearance of the group of insane patients on their daily airingg or the assembling and marching of the nervous patients in the lower corridor on their way to dinner will recognize the dramatic features in these incidents. The marching throng is led perhaps by some ambitious ataxic, able to walk and not much more, followed by a group of hemiplegics with their curi- ous gait, while further along the line is seen a choreoid and athetoid diplegic or a case of I-Iuntington's chorea bowing, twisting and shaking like a ship in a storm. One of the most thrilling and tragic events in the history of Block- ley was the fire which partly destroyed the Insane Department on the evening of February 12, 1885. The hremen who came to the scene and the medical officers and nurses worked heroically to save the patients, some of whom were in locked cells in the third floor. Eventually 22 bodies were found in the ruins of the burned building. At the time of the occurrence of the fire and for sometime previous Dr. S. Weir Mitchell, Dr. Horatio C. 'Wood and the writer were consult- ing physicians to the Insane Department. On January 31, 1885, barely two weeks before the fire we made a phophetic report on the conditions of the hospital for the Insane to the governing board. In this report great stress was laid upon the dangers of fire breaking out in the institu- tion and the terrible results which might follow. We spoke particularly of the fact that on the men's side 19 or 20 patients were kept in locked rooms which could only be opened from the outside by keys and heavy latches. Strange to say, every distressing prophecy contained in this report was realized during the fire. An investigation into the origin of the fire was conducted by Deputy Coroner Samuel W. Ashbridge. It was proved that the dry room was set on fire by a half-grown epileptic colored boy, who confessed to this act and also that he had twice before attempted to set fire to the institution. 213 X DocToR CL.aRK's CLINIC As already stated, the epileptics for years located in the lnsane Department were transferred in mass tothe nervous wards. To many of the unthinking, the epileptics 1nake no appeal. To one, however, with whom both psychology and practical medicine are never failing subjects of interest, the wards for these patients are of continuous interest. l-Iere are to be discovered illustrations of disorders of memory, consciousness, personality and identity not unlike those which have enlisted the atten- tion of writers like Stevenson, julian Hawthorne, Conway, Du lvlanrier and others. These pages might be easily filled with accounts of patients in the epileptic wards who exhibited conditions of automatic or alternat- ing consciousness, loss or changed identity and diverse personality. ln April, 1887, I delivered a clinical lecture in the amphitheatre of the hospital on "Disorders of Consciousness and Memory," in which large use was made of the hospital material supplemented by references to private and medico-legal cases. One of the most remarkable cases of amnesia was that of a young man who came to the hospital. He could 11ever recall his own name or his identity which were discovered at one of the amphitheatre lectures through a student on the benches who recognized this young 1112111 as a former acquaintance in Kansas. In one instance an epileptic who suifered from periodic amnesia struck down and killed a fellow patient. In his usual state of consciousness, this man was entirely oblivious of this deed. XfVhile lecturing on epilepsy in the amphitheatre, reference was made to this fact, the patient being present. He started from his seat where he was waiting his turn in the arena, and, much agitated, declared that he had never done anything of the kind. From the more practical side it might be said that many advances were made in the study and treatment of epilepsy, in the wards given over to patients suffering from this disease. Among these advances were the clearer separation of the so-called idiopathic epilepsy, from epilepsy or epileptoid affections due to organic lesions like brain tumor and cere- bral syphilis. Treatment, medicinal, operative and hygienic received more and more attention. The founding of the Neurological Department of the Philadelphia General Hospital has played a part in the development of American neu- rology, which can scarcely be overstated. Thousands of cases of organic and functional nervous disease have been put on record by the neurologi- cal staff of the hospital. A Philadelphia School of Neurology has large recognition both at home and abroad. The pathology of the nervous system has received some of its most important additions through work done at this hospital. Not only the nervous wards but the psychopathic wards and the Insane Department have been fruitful fields of research. Many of the men who served in France and Belgium and in the great military hospitals and recruiting camps both abroad and at home were prepared for their work by intensive study at the Philadelphia General Hospital. The students of the present graduating class need not be reminded of the benefits which they have received. Wfell known teachers not only in Philadelphia but in distant portions of this country, Canada, Cuba, Central and South America here received ,the first impetus to achievement. ' 215 ' K9 l-n UK DOCTOR STENGEL,S CLINIC 115132 Jfuture nf ialntklep By DAv1n RIESMAN, M. D. Medical students of the University of Pennsylvania have probably become aware of a peculiar feeling of loyalty that all former interns of Blockley harbor toward that venerable Hospital. It is a loyalty and affection that to the best of my knowledge, is l1Ot surpassed-if it is equalled-by graduates from any other Philadelphia institution. What is the cause of this fervid feeling that never seems to die in old Block- ley men? It is tl1e traditions of the Hospital, the splendid opportunities for work, the democratic spirit that unites all--rich and poor, Philadelphians and non-Philadelphians, graduates of many different schools-into one affectionate family. Blockley's past is a fascinating story, which it is not my province to dwell upon here, as I have been asked to discuss the future of the Hospital. Nevertheless the past is the portal of the future, and can give us a vista of it. Almost since its beginning Blockley has had a large share in medical educa- tion and in medical progress in this country, hence, the Hospital with its con- stantly increasing facilities may be expected to continue to do its part for the beneht of the sick and the advancement of medical science. While Blockley went forward spiritually, it must be confessed that it remained physically unaltered for over fifty years. During the last decade, however, tremendous changes have been made. Of greatest interest perhaps to the student body looking forward to internship is the erection of an interns' building. This imposing edifice is to serve as a home for the young doctors and will have a fine library-Bloekley is exceptionally rich in noble old works-where the best new books and i1nportant current magazines will be available. The Radiologic Department is one of the best in the United States. Oflicered by a group of men bringing to their task an unusual degree of devotion, many contributions to both the theoretical and practical aspects of radium may be expected. The splendid pace for this department was, as it were, set for it by the late Dr. C. Lincoln Furbush, under whose egis it was called into being. The Metabolic Division is one of the youngest, having just been inaugurated through the active co-operation of Dr. VVilmer Krusen, Director of Health. With the inexhaustible material for study available at all times, the Division will not lack opportunities for research, particularly in diabetes, Bright's disease and affections of the joints. A new Tuberculosis Department has just been opened in a splendid build- ing ideally equipped to give what is virtually sanatorium care to the poor tuberculous patients of Philadelphia. The Psychopathic Wards of the Philadelphia General Hospital are probably not appreciated by the students and young interns at their true value. They afford a magnificent opportunity for the study of certain diseases with which 217 1 I 1 Q 1 , X ' 9 , 5 , Q ' ' R 1 x 12 W I ll I 3 1 w I 1 2 4 Wg 4 , f 1 ' 1 , A I Y , 1 f + Q H 1 Q N A , H ,, 1 N " , w 1 1. l ' 1-i i K 1 f F l 218 every practitioner should have some familiarity. The Mental Hygiene Depart- ment presents additional facilities for kindred research in psychology and neurology. The Hospital has a "Blockley Medical Society," an organization of the interns, with regular meetings in which the members of the staff, particularly the junior group, take an active part. As a factor in the education of the interns, this Society, which has many fine traditions, occupies a prominent place. The most important event bearing upon the future of the Hospital is the decision of the City of Philadelphia, recently arrived at, to build an entirely new Hospital. The plans are fully drawn for an institution modern in every respect, to be built unit by unit as the old buildings are razed. Wlien all these ambitious plans are realized, and when the spiritual progress goes hand in hand with the material progress, as l sincerely believe it will, thc great Hospital of the City of Philadelphia will be the equal of any hospital in America. The ein Zlnatump anti bemistrp iguilhing As Scope goes to press the plans for the new Anatomy and Chemical Building are still a trifle vague, but we are reproducing herewith a picture of it as at present planned. It will be attached to the west end of the present Medical Building and will extend back to the wall of Blockley and along this wall. lt will be a tive-story building and will cost S1,000,000. The General Education Board and the Rockefeller Foundation have each promised a quarter million, provided the University raises a like amount. As we go to press the drive for this is about to start and it might not be amiss to include here the outline of the drive, especially since the drive is to continue for 15 years and we will all be in a position to help later. The drive this year will -be limited to May and june, by which time it is hoped that enough money will have been raised to finance this new building. The total to be raised in 15 years is 3s4:z,0oo,0o0. Of this sum 313,700,000 is for the Medical department, 35,800,000 for 'buildings and equipment and 37,900,000 for increased endowment. The Anatomy Department is to have its endowment increased by 3800.000 which will yield 340,000 annually which will be used for the upkeep of the new building. The endowment of the Medical School is to be increased by 32,000,000 and that of the Graduate School by 31,000,000 A new hospital will be constructed for the Graduate School at a cost of 32,000,000 and a new Medical wing will be added to the University Hospital at a cost of 31,000,000 The Phipps Institute will receive 31,800,000, while the Department of Hygiene and Public Health will receive 3500,oo0. The program outlined here covers a period of 15 years and the various needs of the Medical School will be met as the money is collected. The most urgent need at present is the new Anatomy Building for the Hare Laboratory is obsolete. 219 1 X . "Ll 1 E , x l H 220 FEATURES .. 1 1 z x 222 rnphetp of The Qllass of 1925 with eherse aglish Preface. HE author, being of a contrary disposition, has attempted to present a Prophecy of the Class, projected backward. In short, the following pages contain a History of the progress of Medicine from the earliest times to recent ones, with an account of tl1e probable parts played in lthis progress by your own classmates had they been assigned to live in the past instead of now. The purpose of this account is not to give mere historical facts, but to inject into this background of fact the life and blood of our living cllassg to adorn dead history with living men who eat and possibly drink. lf this end has been accom- plished the author is satisfiedg if not, he will be quick to recognize whose fault it is, but, barring a few words with the editor, nothing will be said or done about it. Realizing that most of the humor herein contained depends upon the mirthfnl spirit of the reader, the author would suggest that before beginning a survey of the following pages the reader arrange to have his jocosity centre placed in a highly irritable state. Egyptian 1Bcrinh HE author acknowledges his great indebtedness to Chief Rabbi Kotzen and his assistants, McKee, MeGoogan and McCarty for access to records of this remote period, preserved by them in their private cellar. It was only after the most painstaking care that Rabbi Kotzen and his workers were able to gather the materials stored there and that they have spent years of their studious lives becoming acquainted with this matter. CU It seems that the Medical Profession in Egypt of the time was divided into hools-the Surgeons on the one hand and the Medical Men C"""j on the other, Many were the contentions that arose between these two belligerent schools. In fact, almost any morning edition of the Cairo Daily Papyrus was ain an account of some terrible contentious debate at a Medical meeting the night before, so that the newspaper reading public was about equally divided between cross-hierogylphic puzzles and these thrilling accounts. Every ommuter's boat that swept lazily down the Nile was sure to contain its quota of stenographers on their way to work, with chisels under one arm and a Cairo Papyrus in their laps. These Medical debates gradually degenerated It t this St'l.0C that a man by the name of Knight, stepped into mere fights. was a . ,5 1 , into prominence. The fight had been raging for some days over the question of two chief se sure to cont crowded c OJ As is common among the greater class of men of at'Enlrs the Rabbi has a hobby. He is said to be quite a marksman, and, indeed, the story if often told of the time he boasted of being able to conduct a highly technical operation with no other instrument than a revolver: though it is asserted by some observers that the Rabbi merely used this subtle means of expressing his contempt for a certain Physiploglsr. C""J The word "Klinisl1nns" appears in the 0l'lglll11lL The exact meaning is difllcult of translation, but "Medical Men," perhaps, comes closest flxotzeny. 223 diet in the treatment of "A-A Disease" and the two schools were arrayed on opposite sides. Thus, Professor Rovno, one of the Surgeons, who admitted he was an authority, led his assistants, Sherman, Good- man and Steinberg in praising the practice among the Surgeons of striking pork and its products from the diet, while another, more radical band of Surgeons led by Edei- ke11, Adelman, Goldberg, Hertz and Golovc even advocated the feeding of one of the proprietary brands of unleavened crackers , sold in large sheets. It is said that Kaplan, ' - as salesman for one of the drug houses, was responsible for the sudden popularity of this form of food. He could be seen almost any day driving about the streets with a wagon load of cuneiform bricks-distributing literature for his house. These suggestions of the Surgical side of the Temple always led to derisive statements on the part of the Klinishuns, chief among whom were Shannon, the leading Medical man of his day, and Lanz and Jones. Lanz lived in a little hut away up the Nile and it was with difficulty that he sailedihis way down to Cairo every day to KAPLAN Drs-rmsu-rea LITEKATURE FOR H15 HOUSE. fx 1555 ' 21 r f 1 . u , , . if auf 1 M attend to his Medical studies. This trip was especially dangerous in the seasons of ' the year when the liquid nature of the river LA NZ SAILED Down Ta CAIKO EVERYDAY H+L1C wx ldv lid 1- -A' - 'XQBTL ki Silt S. w WWW .bv ,luivxig ll! iii-'riai it vi Iii'-Til ii 'lf Dfw fi 'V 01 ' If 1-f Xl' Q , ,df x 5"--X changes more to the consistency of mud. lt was in such seasons that one would see poor Lanz rushing in, half exhausted, and perhaps, a minute or two lateg but he stuck it out. Jones came from afar in the in- terior, but had sense enough to establish a permanent residence in the more thoroughly civilized regions of Northern Egypt. While the Surgeons had to acknowledge a 3 per cent. mortality under their regime the Medical men got away with no mortality at all for ma11y years before one of the nosey Surgeons, Gordon by name, disguised himself as a live Sphinx, and crawled into one of the pyramids, which up to that time had been the secret meeting place of the Klinishuns. There he discovered the meaning of these huge structures, he found that the Klinishuns had secretly been disposing of their bad cases for so1ne time in the past. It was in these vaults that he discovered some of the bodies of those persons who had recently appeared on the police lists as missing, such as Haines, who had not been seen for months, Rusk and Curtin. He says he saw the nameplates for Waltoxi and Warrick there, too, and an apparently unfinished one, bearing the letters "M-A-T-Z-" 224 li Mmm with space for two or three more letters, the bodies to which these belonged were not in sight. Several clerks, more in the nature of Morgue assistants, were seen hur- . rying about in there. These were Bitter, ,Q Carlyle, Howard and Tucker. l-Iolland, the 6 chief bouncer of the Pyramid, smelled a rat, when the Sphinx stepped across one of Q4 the forbidden areas of the floor, and, re- UPE membering how the doorkeeper at the local Hospital acted under similar circumstances, dispensed with his Tabetic gait, and totally disregarding the advice of l1is physicians when they gave him his last inunction, be- gan to wrestle with the trespasser. In the shuffle Gordon's disguise was penetrated, but he was able to escape through clever use of his hands. Immediately there- after, Holland was severely reprimanded for allowing so desirable a hostage to escape, but he excused himself by relating the manner in which Gordon had choked him by waving his bushy hair in his face. At once the alarm was spread among the Klinishuns, calling them to mobilize without delay for war with the Surgeons who had presumed to trespass on their sacred precincts. Two of the most skillful riders of the times were chosen to spread the news, namely, Towson and Towson. Although these two fellows had to travel a mile across the desert first they secured a camel fitted with two Gzonoou CNOKED HQLI-AND BY WAVING' HIS BUSHY HAm IN HIS F7-nee 05 K K -Mr .... 5. Es, ggi humps, and each rider, PRESTLEY exvnessg, 1, wononn THAT Tau: .-.1 cAMet's ENTRAKLS s vw RUST' 4 S5 . : 1 ' : ll. 'I skillfully mounting a hump, rode off tan- dem-style in their mad Hight from oasis to oasis with the news. At the first oasis they found Priestly, Cox and Friedbacher, who responded at once by bursting into song as they waved their cocoanut cups aloft. Priestly watched the camel take a drink of water at the oasis with much amusement, said he never saw anything like it and won- . A , 1, - ax ki- ji .fx 'l' is ea r M X H- f dered that the camel's entrails didn't get Jiri . ff f-':IL'5,-9' rusty. Boyer, Rentschler and Marquette f .. fx f.q5Q," were recruited at the next oasis and so on Y L? 'D ,fl N ... through the night. ' H. Nor had the Surgeons been slow to fxzl ra recognize their plight. They gathered themselves in a band and held a meeting to decide their course, which turned out as follows: They were prepared to retreat by a circuitous route Cas was their usual customj the very next morningg their object being to gain the banks of the Red Sea before the Klinishuns could catch up with them. After that their plans remained secret, although a further perusal of this document will show what these clever fellows had up their sleeves in the way of strategy. Lipschutz, Long, Tumcn and Yuckman were engaged to lead the Surgeons in the perilous trip to the Red Sea. This choice was fortunate, except for the second named, as will soon appear. 225 The break of dawn found the virile army of Klinishuns steadily gaining on the retreating band of Surgeons and their case seemed hopeless as they were being "folded back" against the Red Sea. Their practice of cutting off the water supply from each source they encountered had absolutely no effect on the Klini- shuns and this fact worried the strategists of the Surgical staff, who never figured on the failure of any cutting methods suggested by their number. As Oaks, who always was a joker, put it, "Those knife slingers are now between me and the Red Sea," meaning to infer, of course, that he was a Devil. At this Mock nearly collapsed, but recovered under the ministrations of Anderson, a disciple of Ostheimer, who took a wash-cloth, dipped it in coldy water, wrung it out like this until it was perfectly dry and then patty-patted it all over Mock's backy-back. Then he rubbed Mock all over with a little towly-towel and stood him on his feet again, with the remark, "Now, you feel just fine again, don't you, Skinny?" At nightfall the Klinishuns, seeing no urgent necessity for continuing the chase and as the Surgeons were virtually trapped on the very shores of the Red Sea, anticipated the next morning's victory by holding an impromptu vaudeville show. Lukens and Lukens did a marvelous double-humped flying camel stunt, while the five Macs CMcAlester, McCaffrey, McCuistion, McGee and MacFarlaneD sang a drinking song with so much feeling that many of the Klinishuns were overcome. Some of the latter required medication, which Miller had always thoughtfully provided for just such occasions. Mahorner and Conaway were among the first to recover under these ministrations and were loud in their praise of the remedy, stating that Miller's cocoanut milk was quite smooth and sustain- ing. This led to a little technical discussion among the boys as to the relative value of a cocoanut milk and the product from milkweeds in the treatment of infantile marasmus. Miller maintained that his preparation contained some of the intermediary products in the fermentation of sugar, which he was not in the position to disclose at present. McGee told the men he kept a certified milk-weed farm in which all the plants were Tuberculin tested, whereupon the little group standing there noticed McCuistion placing a few white crystals in his mouth. When pressed for an explanation, McCuistion merely remarked, "I'm taking that 'ere statement of MeGee's with a couple of grains of salt, it's been my habit for some time." But to return to the entertainment- Stonc then did a little stepping for the boys "LET3 BE. SCILNTWFIC- and finally Dvorak played a selection on the CRIEDT- -W"-'-'KEN5 lute. F. D. W. Lukens opened his Gilbert I V- and Sullivan's Manual and sang a selection, -C0-1 .- which he thought suitable for the Klini- U1 E ' A ' shuns' marching song, as, indeed, it was, :- , or it ran: ii V W ff, "Volcanos have a humor that is grim And earthquakes only terrify the dolts, ' Q But to him who's scientific, There is nothing that's terrific, Z In the falling of a flight of thunderboltsf' When he finished singing this stirring stanza, Lukens shouted, what was to be taken as the battle cry, "Let's be scientific, 226 boys," as he waved his Sigma Xi, Phi Beta Kappa and Alpha Omega Alpha keys aloft. Wlien the cheering died away, Crane and Callery each rendered a harp solo, after which the entire party went to sleep in anticipation of the final light on the morrow, when the Surgeons were to be captured. Imagine the surprise of the Klinishuns when the sun rose the next morning on the band of Surgeons half-way across the Red Seal What was more remark- able, they weren't in boats, either, nor did they so much as have boots on, for there before their eyes was Head Surgeon Yuckman leading his clan with unmoistened foot through the Red Sea waters. Long, who was faithless enough to adopt the precaution of putting on his rubbers, tripped and fell into one of the huge walls of water on his right hand, thereby causing the collegiate suit, which Lapham had picked out for him, to shrink beyond recognition. At this stage of the retreat Long decided to desert, as he wished to find Lapham and so swam ashore toward the Medical men, much to the disgust of the Surgeons. So much water, it seems, discouraged the Klinishuns, and they thought it wise to return to their homes, and consider themselves lucky to be so easily rid of the twelve tribes of Surgery. Beyond this point the records are silent as to the Egyptian period, and it is here that the account of the first skirmish between Medicine and Surgery ends. Those were the days when men were men. Let us examine our personal history to see if we are worthy of such heroic ancestry. fSix minutes will now be given for the reader' to examine his personal record.J Questions for examination on the Egyptian period: Q. Why was Shannon the leading Klinishun of his day? A. That is the question. Q. Name two of the products formed in the fermentation of sugar. A. Acetic acid and Carbon Dioxide. Q. Did Miller's cocoanut-milk contain either of these? A . No. Q. Name any two honorary keys decorating the umbilical region of F. D. W. Lukens. A. A. M. P. O., door-key, Phi Beta Kappa. Q. Why was Gordon like Samson? A. Both had long hair. Q. Wasn't it strange that McCuistion should eat that salt? A. Very strange. Q. Why was Kaplan like an unbaked cuneiform brick? A. Because he pitted on pressure. Q. Where was "A-A Disease" first described? A. Rabbi Kotzen's Archives. Q. Where did Towson and Towson find Rentschler? A. At an oasis. Q. Was this unusual? . That's an expert question, which I refuse to answer. . What naive theory did Priestley have concerning the Physiology of the camel's digestive system? A. Vide Supra. Q. Why did Oaks think he was a devil? A. I don't know, but will look it up. A Q A27 Ellie Zlinman ltlerinh T was the close of a lazy, warm Southern European afternoon, the humid miasmatic zephyrs wafting wisps of malarial haze across tl1e suburban swamps toward Rome, obscured onc's vision of the Capital. From every cloud of malarial damp rose the familiar hum of the Anophiline horde to warn one of the approaching twilight. But suddenly the quiet of this pastoral scene was shattered by the clattering of horses' hoofs and the rumble of wheels along the recently paved Via Appia, a short distance away. Eble it was, driving his chariot like mad in an effort to reach the city by nightfall. "Wonderful road," he shouted to Hamblock, who was holding his green toga with one hand and smoothing his glossy hair with the other, and with that they made a left-hand turn. "Wl1o is that little fellow ahead there?" asked Ham, as he felt for the stray ends of his greased mustache for the 99th time in as many minutes, thereby ignoring the observation concerning the state of the newly cobbled highway. By that time the chariot was brought skillfully to a stop beside the little fellow in question, who had been endeavoring to attract the attention of the two eharioteers by waving his arms frantically in an effort to identify himself to them at a distance, as Gilda desiring a hop up to Rome. Gilda was used to picking up a hop about this time of day and employed this means of getting up to Rome, where he attended night school in the famous Barbers' College located there. ln less time than it takes to tell it, they had passed three other hgures, evidently signaling for lifts and the chariot was now crossing the Tiber-somewhat swollen for this time of the year-and was about to cross City Line CLinea Urbaj at the oppo- site side of the bridge. At this point some TH.iz:V2:QNJ.itLEifiif3:5g'L':-To thing happened, for the horses were seen to A balk and the vehicle crashed into a heavy metal object like a huge tin-can, which had gf been left standing in the middle of the high- ! I AH,,.5'jfl'm'nll1 AML way, fiattening it somewhat as the wheels 6,6 'Q I passed over it. Upon investigation, what ap- I. K ' I lm We W peared to be nothing more than a tin pipe 1 ' - Bw' proved to be the suit of armor encasing the 1 1 nb vyiliig prostrate form of some poor devil, who gave . 'XA5 his name as Horatius. He was in a semi- "YG stuporous condition from his injuries and 'D A M was unable to give his address. An emer- gency chariot was summoned at once and promptly made its appearance. The interne was a tall fellow and appeared very handsome, indeed, in his snow white toga and official helmet of the Roman General Hospital. Curious bystanders said they heard the driver call him Dr. Matzke. Dr. Matzke soon had the injured man stowed away in the fine six-horse chariot and had him drive11 with all haste to the hospital. In the receiving ward there he had his armor removed by Chief Armorer Pray in order that he might reap the benefits of a more satisfactory 228 physical examination, after which he was admitted to Vesalius' service. Vesalius, in making rounds next morning, questioned the fellow closely, regarding the initials stamped on his dented armor, for Vesalius-was a keen observer, and quickly saw the discrepancy between the name I-foratius and the initials W. U. MCC., appearing on the armo l'. "Who said my name was Horatius?" exclaimed the patient in indignant fashion-"M name is VVilliam Urie McClenahan and I'm from E ntl" Y y gyl Vesalius looked sharply ordered him to chisel a new address. I-le then expressed unusual one-the first of this He thought it would be desire to be standing on the NERO PLACED FOLl.ER an THE RUNNING liver-rrs PIT SCRATCH WITH THE Lacms. , at Dr. Jordan, who had taken the history and tablet with the man's correct name and Egyptian the opinion that McClenahan's case was a most type he had seen, in fact, since the Ides of March. wise to attempt to destroy this person's persistent bridge by submitting him to a course of electro- therapy and consequently had him sent up to Dr. Galvani's service. Dr. Marquette, who was Galvania's resident, wheeled the patient in amongst a veritable maze of brass railings, where he received treatment. He spoke of his friend, Oaks. Dr. Oaks, it seems, was engaged in a similar position at the Heathen Hospital over in the Colisseum district, on Dr. Volta's service. He thought that Volta secured better results than would at first appear from his high mortality fig- ures, a certain discount being necessary, as he pointed out, owing to the large number of admissions of Christians suffering from hx f 35 . . , --- 71 'Z' w k ..'T.-,- . In .K . "l.L::L--v- Q E El'-12 I Y it '--'-'- v 1 1 :Tw L I ,LJ .1 , e -r of L" TT.-ill.: 4 1 - " "" M injuries received at the afternoon games at the Colisseum. fThe reader will recall that the Roman General Hospital is over near the bridge, while the Heathen is just two blocks from the Colisseumj The Saturday afternoon games at the Colisseum always drew large crowds re in the habit of attending every performance. Thus it was always possible to nnd these 111Ol'C rabid regular fans there on a Saturday afternoon, simply by looking in at the games. There, occupying the ure to see the fat-faced form of Frank Mogavero, whom many and many were the folks who we first row, one was s mistook for a newspaper reporter by the speed with which he wrote notes on the progress of the games. Bevilacqua used to sit down there, too, but he later occupied a less conspicuous seat since the day the lions mistook him for a martyr. That particular day witnessed one of the most exciting contests ever. The pre- liminary performance consisted in a parade of some captives brought over from ' ' -' - 2 l' ll Spain by the victorious Roman Army, agile fellows whom thc lomans ugly prize as prisoners because of their extraordinary fighting characters.l Though evidently fearless when confronted by so furious an animal as a bull, they were as easily subdued by the Romans as a- gold fish fPisces Aureusj. The parade of the Toreadors was preceded by a mighty flourish on the big brass tuba fone of those long fellows, the kind the Angels always usej, resound- 229 ing from the lungs of Chief Trumpeter Fendrickjwho burst three buttons from his toga during the effort and who lost the remaining three, deprived of their support, when he went to sit down afterward. Fendrick was the only man in all Rome capable of sounding this trumpet to the satisfaction of his superiors. The flourish was an immediate signal to all the spectators to crane their necks in the direction of the triumphal archway through which the captives were to appear-for, already the tread of the marching Spaniards was discernible. In another moment, the full procession, goaded on by the shouts of the spectators, entered 3f.vr.f2AL-Bu'-u.s'Ac'r'-IM-'-'I KEsLEo.ovawAr-TMI-SIQKT or-'-'rms-BRAVE FE'-'-PW' T ll ll 'f - I J,-. ",,,.-.' , -. , - -- Q... M pf I Ml S ' ,- the Arena-with the greatest prize of all in the lead-a Spaniard by the name of I. M. Mar- shall, whose very sight is said to cause the development of the Parkinsonian complex in any bull, no matter how healthy previously. On Marshall's left hand, and holding up his train, was a fellow armed with a sharp pitchfork. lt is said that several strong bulls actually keelcd over at the sight of this brave fellow, but the author has learned authoritatively that autopsies on these bulls revealed large thy- f f . b-:F muses and other evidences of status lym- ' 'M phaticus, so that, undoubtedly, there was a predisposing factor. This fellow the Spaniards called Hitchcock. He was followed in line by a host of lesser lights, all bearing their symbolic pitehforks. At this juncture, three men in the second row began to attract the attention of the spectators by their curious actions. They began to twitch simultaneously, gradually changing to a shake, and, finally, trembling from head to foot in a most extraordinary manner. The explanation of this peculiar behavior will be- come manifest when it is pointed out that these three shakers were none other than I-Iafer, Livingood and Harvey-the very three whom Eble had rattled by in his chariot just fifteen days before. These poor creatures had not secured a hop to Rome and were thus caught out among all those mosquitoes after dark, and it is now-fifteen days later, that the symptoms of malaria commenced. After the excitement these three aroused had died down, Nero came out to give a violin solo. He was introduced by Fuller, whose address was so unsatis- factory that Nero ordered him placed at scratch in the next running event. This was to be a handicap race against several lions. Fellows accompanied Nero on the harp. Mansell and Ormond were ushers in the Colisseum, the former having lost his job as Chief Dermatologist at the Barbers' College because of his falling hair. ROMAN PERIOD CU UD The author's thanks are due the following reference works, which, added to his retentlve memory, have made the accompanying statement accurate, yet pleasing. The Malaria Mosquito-Her Pure Life, by Lynch. Outdoor and Bug Life ln Rome, by Parl Passu. Abbott's Hygienic Antiquities. with price list fnotes by Bergey, Hunsleker and Izzardj. Roman System of Dietetics, Chapter 3, on the technle of Spaghetti Eating, by Bassini C8 vo, boards, illustrated with pictures of poses by Mogavero.l The prevailing influence of the Toreudor by S. Bull, with an introduction by John Bull. 230 Ehe imlehiaeual itlerinh ITH the downfall of Rome came the period of decadence in Europe known as the Dark Ages. So dark were these ages that none but accidental records of the most brilliant medical events have reached us today. Thus, we know that Hulsey was Hul.sEY wA-5 BURNEDDNT THR STAKE. row. Mamma- A N ir-ry Dunuuoils 9 N ' 1 . 31 "ui, -1 QI Pu., 77 A .. I """n . 'N 'U s ,hw-A "" i:J:f',. . Cp- --Q M1 Af 'SSX-'Lg CZ?5-9 V xr' 7 N burned at the stake for making a nifty diag- nosis. It is said by some uninformed, self- styled historians that Hulsey tried to fool the stake-burners by putting on his asbestos under- wear just before scheduleditime-but this is merely an exaggeration. It was during this period that the dual monarchy of Austria- Hungary began to see its mistake in having but one official crown physician, and remedied mat- ters by appointing Wilson and Wilsoii to the double post. But beyond these meagre glean- ings, all is dark. iifhe illlluhern Beriuh, frnm the Renaissance tn the Eighteenth Qlenturg N THE transition of civilized mankind from mediaeval to modern conditions, many factors were operative, but the most important, perhaps, were the invention of the printing press and of gun powder. Thus, Mathews and Storm, endeavor- MA-ruaws HAom.A69RA'l'oQy w mv A,ofE?1S?h"f5R4Rpqr f, 4 I -JL2' X WML x Vw A -ffiifgf' 7' .1 f in- Qi' 47 X xvx L' Qin ' ' T' .-J.-, . V.. -, .- V . 4 Q :- ' ' 'if' M ig, We N ' 'ff-,rsxlf ing to compound a suitable laxative prescription yielded to their polypharmaceutic tendencies, with the resulting accidental discovery of gun- powder. Mathews, who survived the original experiment, was given a special laboratory by the Government with which to carry on further work. This was located in the centre of what later developed into the army's proving grounds, and was fitted with the most up-to-date de- tachable roofs. Sliding boards provided a ready escape from windows by Mathews' assistants when they saw he was about to conduct an experiment. Curiously enough, dynamite was later developed from this work of Mathews and Storm ently. credit for this, as he published his work in he subscribed to many. Youngman's original by one Youngman, working independ- Youngman, however, scarcely ever gets one of the obscure journals of which article has a most vivid account of the events as they happened on the day of the discovery. He says he ran out into the high- way, Hushed with excitement at the realization that his efforts had at last borne fruit, and shouted "Urethral" fThe reader will doubtless be curious to know who suggested this beautiful sentiment to the author. A self-addressed stamped envelope to will bring a rep1y.j 231 -:FL X Hxl 7-1- 7--- r .D fs- ,,..- , . 9 KJ i 42 v"' AW' Q QQ, A 45TH 'W ...A ' b ' SW M ,p ,MM I llllllx la Y , ?W F X lllll Illll ,fl ffflllllll mmuum lliil-H ii"' nm mul he 4 I ...... If gain 6525 ,gig-5.-Q ,iy was 1 Bond it was who was responsible for the printing press, the expression, "Bottled in Bond," YOUNQMAN RAN 'UTD THE in use to the present day referring to his prac- H'G'NWAY.s'f?'f'-lziyq URETHRA!. tice of priming labels for the bottle trade of it is- Q' his time. One of the largest bottle traders of the 77 " 'Tl period was Griltiths. He, with Dale and Dit- . t S' more, had sailed to San Salvador with Colum- is ' N bus in order to make some observations on a - 1 l new disease in which Columbus' sailors were li -L J interested. Ditmore was a bear with the ladiesg -., R- Q-Q-"' that is why Columbus had him along. He in- -fs A' L' cfstsam ,s- troduced Christopher to Queen Isabella. The ew- 'Q' '-' fa.,,."r way Columbus happened to meet Dale was flu KR ,Q rather interesting, too. One day, Columbus happened to notice a young man, who later turned out to be Dale, standing on the street corner emptying what looked like dried apple skins from his pockets, as though they had accumulated there for some time. Columbus was naturally curious, and wishing to open a conversation gracefully, stepped up and said, "Didn't I see you going down the street the other day with an apple in your hand?" "Quite so, old chap," answered Dale. "1 was going to call on a doctor's wife." fThose who fail to see the point will be allowed 15 minutes to visit Pop McKenna, proprietor of one of the better known Spas of the neighborhood, where they may have their wits sharpened for a small sum.J Shortly after this Baker introduced the knife into surgery-the chisel and axe pro- posed by Ader having gained but little favor among the patients. Krause, because of his weight, was considered the best anaesthetist of his day, but he also held quite a reputa- tion as a pediatristg that is to say he did until the event about to be described happened, which caused Krause to turn most of his attention to anesthesia. It seems that he recommended a certain mother to be very careful to send her children out of the house before quarreling with her husband, as was her daily customg and told her to return in two weeks for observation. She came back at that time, and Krause, wishing to be as solicitous as possible, remarked, "The little dears, they look so healthy from spending their time in the open air." At the same time Mason was having unusual success as an obstetrician, but he kept his method a strict secret. However, through an offer of money he was persuaded to sell his device to Burden, who discovered, after it was too late, that he had been cheated. Years later, after Mason's demise, two investigators, Ross and Woodward, discovered the Masonian secret of obstetrical success-namely, a pair of elastic Suspenders designed to show off his sylphlike form before the ladies. Woodward is famous for his endeavors in descriptive medicine. It was he, for example, who was responsible for Woodward's Sign. CFor the benefit of those who are not as well read in medicine as they should be, let it here be stated that W0odward's sign refers to one of the differential points between male and female. A woman's waist line moves up and down, noted Woodward, while a man's expands in the horizontal line only.J More important discoveries were made soon after this, among which might be mentioned the semilunar shape of the half moon by Trauba, and Young's rule by Young. When Young was asked why he introduced that impractical rule, which has more exceptions than it has applications, he merely nodded his head and muttered, "Oh, I just introduced that into medicine to make it hard." Hazen was interested in the use of gas in warfare, and his work just began to bear fruit when he suffered an untimely demise as expressed '21- 234 sc- touchingly in the following little ditty composed by Monson: "Frank Hazen leaned over the gas tank, The height of the contents to seeg But lighted a match to assist him- Oh bring back poor Frankie to me." Thus, while Hazen was the first to employ gas in warfare, Collins extended its use to civil life. This is not strictly true, for gas had been used for inhalation purposes, and a few fellows were known to have lighted matches in it long before Collins' time, but he introduced the custom of stepping on it. It is said that Brown knew more about Anatomy than any of his contemporaries. He instituted a course of instruction in this subject, conducting weekly demonstrations on Ladavers, but this work had to be done surreptitiously in the basement of his home, owing to the way in which he secured his material. Horton, Mitchell and Martineau, noted in the night life of the town where this course was given, were employed to visit nearby cemeteries where they were sure to find an abundance of the material desired. Those enrolled in the course were Colgan, Monson and Wenner. Woehrle and Worthen dropped out after the fright they received the night the citizens raided the dissecting room. Next morning Woehrle noticed his hair was falling out, and by the end of the week he was in the "gone" stage of the "going, going, gone" syndrome. Cook discovered ether-he was the most expert soporific of his day. Crawford first took insanity from the realm of crime and placed it in its proper place as a disease. This made life pleasanter for Gowan and Fiedler. Henderson, who had artistic taste, manufactured the first obstetrical mannikin, but the thing was so unwieldy he had to to employ Ford and Hudson to carry it about for him. This original apparatus had many of the features which we are in the habit of associating with our modern day, such as the collapsible pubis and the non-sinkable uterus. Hull accidentally discovered the turpen- tine stupe one day while mixing a cocktail for his bosom friend Jestrab. Jestrab pub- Revouu-rtomxy , , , , -wAR- lished a paper a short time before in which 3,,RQ5-oN-QENERAL KENNEY he announced the important discovery that WHOWAS gg, onstage nature had made the prune more healthful FDR NONE DEATHS than theistrawberry. J. L. Marshall found cn E Mu wnmm, himself living on the fat of the land before THAN BULL!- limi' iii! he was much over 30 years of age, he having gained a reputation as an obesity cure spe- cialist. In those days dry cnpping was a great thing, and Johnson used it often. Newell, . however, preferred the wet varietyg and the foresight of this man is reflected in the prac- tices of the present day. The first leech farm was organized by Robert and Norfieet, they first having demonstrated the efficacy of leeches for black eyes on Tyner. Puestow was the founder of the College of Chiropodists which flourished up till the time of the American Revolution. A review of this war would not be complete without mention of Surgeon General Kenney, who was responsible for more deaths Camong his own menj than bullets. Finally, the last illustrious names to be included in the period covered by this history are those of Rich and Wilkinson, who demonstrated their new diphtheria remedy on President Washington. Cutler was one of the pallbearers. fi' it ,, " ' ' , .WJ Cgflelif I ? 9 235 I 1 1 - E x A ii .s is :Q I I , . . ' 1 p 4 ,1 ,, K if w 1,Y 5 . ' I I 1 1 fi u,I I , l- Nl ' N 1 -il .pff w X-1 ,I , 1 V ,Ex r N431 H! Q!! Ai X! Hi 1 f l I 236 The jllllugahernnian amzuher Time 1964. Place. The National Institute of Obstetrics, No. T36 So. 10th St., Phila. The Professor of Obstetrics is addressing the class. O properly fill the Chair of Obstetrics, gentlemen, one must have, besides a sleight-of-hand technique and a collection of dime museum specimens, a prodigious fund of story and anecdote. Few of these, indeed, are serious, yet all are worthy of serious consideration in that they lend to a process a fillip and a Rabelasian touch that does much to relieve the rather grim results of a casual human activity. Years ago, as a student, I used to welcome the stories because they gave to cold technical procedures an air of intimacy and human contact. One got behind the scenes and shared with the heroes of the profession the hazards and uncertainty of combat and watched from the storm and stress of conflict the ideas form and grow into the steps in the progress of our science. And so, gentlemen, I have covered in detail in our last lectures the development of the forceps and the history of the Chamberlins and later the Scanzonian Maneuver. This afternoon I come to one incident which rivals both of these in its far-reaching effects, one that dehnitely molded the subsequent history of Obstetrics and led to the national pre-eminence of this great institution of ours. And it delights me to add that I myself was fortunate enough to witness the inception of this great idea and watch it bud and grow until we have it now in all its highly technical glory, the boon of all civilized womanlcind-the Mogaveronian Maneuver. Forty years ago while I was yet a student in the famous old University of Pennsylvania-in the early days of such men as Starr, Goldsehmidt and McCouch- it was customary for Juniors, in groups of four to spend a portion of the summer acquiring obstetric experience. This we did at the old Southeastern Dispensary, then located on the site now occupied by the garage of our present great plant. As I say-we spent a portion of the summer answering all calls and delivering babies under most primitive conditions. However, we were quite scientific about it and spared no pains to achieve our ends-so much so that infection was almost unknown and the infant mortality so low that Margaret Sanger began to attack us. I see that you gentlemen smile when I say scientific, and yet, although I realize that it was before the era of real science, which seems only to have entered with the present generation, I assure you that each of us carried a bottle of Calomel and used it according to Young's Rule and so saved ourselves many nights of worry and unrest. I was on duty during the midsummer of 1924 and had as my companions Dr. Mogavero, the founder of our Institution, and whose statue Cwith the long mus- tachej is to be seen at the foot of the great stair, Dr. McClenahan, the father of our present dean and the founder of Rameses Medical College, Egypt, and Dr. McKee, who was associated in the great discovery. McKee, McClenahan and myself had been sometime on service and were 237 rapidly acquiring proficiency when Dr. Mogavero's term began. Dr. Mogavero had prepared himself for the service by completely mastering the Handbook of Obstetrics, which at the time was our text, although for years now it has been obsolete and is considered today only as a valuable curiosity. Dr. Mogavero's mastery of this book was so complete that he was able to quote long stretches of it without missing a word, and this he would do whenever any disputed point arose so that it usually was quickly settled. The handbook Dr. Mogavero had amply supplemented with copious notes taken with great labor and persistence so that there was no Haw in his information. It is only in this way, my dear young men, by diligence that you can prepare yourselves for great things as did Dr. Mogavero. The day following his arrival the first call came and he left at once for the scene of action, carrying with him the regulation bag loaded down with all the then known and used instruments of his profession. The handbook he could dispense with. An hour later a huge Negro dashed into the office at break-neck speed and loudly shouted for a doctor. "Doctor Mogavero--he say come quick-foah Lawd's sake. Come on, Doc, fast as yo can." A Picking up my bags I quickly handed him the heavier of the two and together we bolted down the street a matter of five or six squares. Up two dark flights and into the room we burst, where a stirring spectacle confronted us. Doctor Mogavero was in difficulties and right bravely he struggled, for the esprit de corps was strong within him. He had on but one glove and no gown-and how can a man be at his best when so taken ?-with his armor but half upon him, so to speak. As the crucial moment slowly approached his patient had risen up from the bed and proposed to climb out upon the floor. In vain Dr. Mogavero objected, pro- tested. "But, Madam-the book does not say-You must notl-It is not the Rule!" Slowly she climbed out-he hurled her back, but it was of no avail-she eluded him and sprang out upon the floor and assumed a crouching position. Here the doctor was at a disadvantage, for he had but one glove and no boots, and so the tide rolled over him-to speak Hguratively, the doctor was swamped. And so, gentlemen, I have recalled to you that memorable picture that you might properly appreciate this array of material I bring before you, in that you may understand the needs of the inventor and follow his thought processes in devising his technique and apparel. This large rubber pad Csix feet in diameterj with a raised edge, is known technically as the Mogavero CATCH-ALL. It has a number of other names that I will not repeat. It is used as follows: ' The room is first prepared by pushing the bed and all movable furniture back against the walls-leaving a clear space in the centre. The carpet is next removed, though this is hardly imperative with the CATCH-ALL. The pad is then spread in the exact centre of the room where the light must be good. The patient is now brought to the centre of the pad and assumes the MOGAVERO POSITION with 238 which, if you are any sort of students, you are all familiar by now. The attending physician then dons his equipment, which consists of one or two gloves, two if he prefers ibut one is historically accuratej, and a pair of knee boots or-and here again he is offered a choice-a stout pair of galoshes with high tops. Then he steps within the periphery of the pad with either the right or left foot and with the aid of this handy Inverted Periscope, also devised by Mogavero, he checks up on the neighbors' estimates ofthe time of delivery. And now as the long awaited moment is at hand he drops the periscope to one side, out of danger, and seizes this little implement which I am holding up-THE McKEE TROUT NET, the proper application of which is known as the McKEE MODIFICATION OF THE MOGAVERONIAN MANEUVER-a rehncment not included originally by Dr. M., but adopted after long study and collaboration with Dr. McKee when both united in approving it. To conclude-the practitioner at the proper moment with a deft movement of the wrist intcrposes the McKee Trout Net and the rest is easy. The first bounce is permissible but hardly considered finished technique. A simple method, satisfaction for the patient and a great saving in tailor bills. I would say here, gentlemen, that you would do well to remember this for State Boards, etc., etc. And so, gentlemen, we have passed another milestone in our careers. I have briefiy sketched for you the development of a procedure that revolutionized obstetrics the world over and I hope brought you into some proper feeling for and appreciation of that standard equipment that every intern and practitioner uses and the originals of which as the invaluable relics of a glorious day I have placed here before you. Qfter Jfuur ears At the close of my medical studies I find that I understand thoroughly the action of curare. I know eleven theories for egophony. I know what "hematocrit" means. I can diagnose Vaquez's Disease. I have seen a hydatid mole. I know all the triangles in and out of the body. I have had the Index Medicus in my hand. I take Mercurochrome before breakfast. I can do a guanin determination. But somehow-I have difiiculty in curing a sore finger. 239 V 5 I '1 N. 1 i , V, gxx. . ,,,,0 -fi'f,,, X 4 . iw- ... ,, , -f' A- I ,ZNYAXM .L-F",Ewfqsxffi.-151--'-f,' -' :',...g:,.wnv H ' 4 "" 'ffNm.:1-a5,mJg3",w. ' 1 '- K . f, , , ,2' ' ., 4- ' M.,-f' A --. , - v ,,,.-,.,,. 240 UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL INTERNES CHOSEN One Candidate in Blockley Misrgueg Two Under Treatment in Psychopathic Ward Staff Delighted With Results An event which promises to be of much interest to Medical circles took place last evening at the University Hospital. "The mere choosing of Internes for the University Hospital from the 'first twenty-five' is not in accord with the scientific trend of modern medi- cine," stated Dr. Stengel, when inter- viewed this morning. "In view of this, we have taken a radical, not to say, revolutionary step. Our plan is, briefiy, as follows: Each candidate is examined separately by the departments of Medicine, Surgery and Obstetrics. Any candidate failing to pass the tests of any one department is excluded from further participation in the examination. What if no candidate survives the three examinations? Science must be served -we cannot turn back the wheels of progress. Of course, we assume no responsibility for mental, moral or physical degradation. As Pythagoras so aptly has it, 'Only the brave deserve the fair.' "Let me demonstrate how the ultra- scientific attitude of the University Hospital is personified in these exami- nations. "The tests used by the Department of Surgery grew out of extensive research on the part of Dr. Grant. Having measured the resistance of brain tumors with the radio-oscillator, he went even further into the realms of research. He has been able to test the degree of cerebral development, and thus the fundamental intelligence of the individ- ual. What could be more simple, there- fore, than to perform a craniotomy on each candidate and by means of the radio-oscillator and a loud-speaker, broadcast the frequency of vibrations of his cerebral tissue to the listening members of the surgical staff? The 24l operation is simple-in the hands of experts the mortality rate is not above 2 per cent. The after effects are nothing to speak of-headache, delirium and traumatic epilepsy. Our results last night were brilliant-one candidate is at present in the Psychopathic Ward, but recovery is practically certain. "In my Department-Medicine-we require, as you can readily understand, a series of rather more elaborate and accurate tests. As a mere preliminary we examine the candidate's physical fit- ness. This routine examination includes physical examination, basal metabolism, urine and blood examination, Barany, spinal puncture, liver and kidney func- tion tests, visual field estimation, Van den Burgh, blood pressure, G. I. X- Ray, fractional test meal,,ventriculo- gram, pyelogram, ophthalmoscopic ex- amination, blood sedimentation time, and Abderhalden test. 'Mens sana in corpora sano,' as La Valliere so wittily has it. From this we proceed to an objective examination. We test the candidate's power of echolalia-or, as I should translate for the lay-rcader-- his power to quote his chief. There follows an obstacle race, how rapid is the candidate in rallying to tl1e aid of his chief? Can he supply a forgotten word, stress a point in diagnosis, con- firm an inaiudible heart murmur--or equally important, can he recover for- gotten stethoscopes and supply the neurologic pin? These are comprehen- sive tests, you see, and we Hatter our- selves that they gauge the depth of knowledge necessary for our best service. "Dr, I-Iirst's examination is unique, and, I may venture to say, is indis- putably the work of his own brain. "As a preliminary, the candidates quizzed in the frailties and foibles of the fair sex. Dr. Hirst will accept positively no telephone numbers or photographs. He must display a work- ing knowledge of Peter Chamberlin, Dr. Slop, Sairey Gamp, Rabelais, the Decameron, Kratft-Ebbing and other classic gynecologic and obstetric char- acters. "The candidate is conducted to a darkened, padded cell. He is then con- nected with an electrocardiograph, a plethysmograph, a polygraph and recording thermometer. Then from a curtained recess Dr. Hirst relates three choice stories, and tracings are record- ed. Do not think we are unnecessarily subjecting our candidates to danger. Each candidate is provided with a well- insulated operating gowng the walls of the cell are of asbestos and the tem- perature is kept evcn by fans. Auto- matic tire extinguishers are provided in case of undue rise in temperature. Shock is guarded against and our shock team can administer transfusion if it is required. "One unfortunate young man last night fell into deep coma, but by means of insulin and judicious readings from 'Pollyanna' he is expected to recover. It was discovered he was a member of the W. C. T. U., and expected to go into Foreign Missions. "Gentlemen, of the press," concluded Dr. Stengel, "I am proud to give to the world the story of our scientific meth- ods. I anticipate your question-'Is it not dangerous? But to quote Shakes- peare, 'Make the punishment fit the crime,' and how better? There will al- ways be sacrifices to science-those youths who succumbed last night will some day be regarded as martyrs to a great cause. In the name of scientific honestly I must make one last state ment: None of the candidates survived the triad of these unique examinations. But in no way does this nullify the deep importance of the rcsults."' Iautn Elin EBU Research To insure a hearing these days one must first of all prove one's qualifications. Since I have never done any research, I think I am very well qualified to write about it. Research reminds me of Pope's poem on sin, surely you remember the words, I don't. In any event, I find that the less I know of any subject the more freely I can discuss it. Having proved my qualifications, here goes: Research-in the broadest sense-may be defined as repairing leaks in glass tubes. It includes also anything done for Science, anything from unhinging the vitals of animals to chasing ghosts. But we will not discuss ghosts now, not that I know anything about them that would cast asparagus on my ability to discuss them. More specifically research consists in assembling in one room for several rooms lwe must be exactj J a weird assembly of dufunnies, gimmixes and gadgets, to say nothing of switches, wires, chemicals, frogs, animals and glass tubing. The secret is then to keep other students from borrowing any of your junk. Any of this apparatus may be borrowed or acquired. There is a fine dis- tinction here that I should not be expected to explain. This apparatus is just so much junk, unless you have an idea. If you lack an idea, go to the dictionary. Every noun is an idea. But never make the mistake of trying to get an original idea. If, perchance, you think it is original, talk it over with Dr. Smith. He is a great joykiller. He will tell you that on page so-and-so of the Whooziform Archives, third line from the bottom, is the same idea, written in August-but stop now perhaps it was May, 1738-by the elder Smolensky-his father, you know, was shot for mayhem. Never try two ideas. They conflict. 242 After all, perhaps it is safer to work without an idea. just assemble your apparatus and take some readings. After all, readings are what you are after, why bother with ideas? Always make your readings with a telescope. You will get certain numbers. Now make a graph. Chart the numbers you get from the right hand end of the apparatus against those that you get from the other end or the middle, whichever the apparatus happens to have. Connect these marks with lines. If you get a straight line you will know that the result could have been predicted. If you get a curve, you have been successful, you have done research. Keep it up and you will some day be a Ph.D., and get a good job and everything. Examine your curve for sharp bends or breaks. They are always significant. Try to figure out what caused them. Consult your inner consciousness and evolve a theory. Blame it on electrons or vitamines. They are very popular just now. Draw a picture. This doesn't mean anything, either, so do not be discouraged if it resembles nothing. Now you have the following: one room for several roomsj of apparatus, a broken curve, a picture and a theory. Now hand in your name to the U. M. A. with an abstract of your article. Read your paper at the annual meeting. I dare you to. . You must know how to act at the meeting. Wliile the crowd is assembling draw a few weird sketches on the board. Have a few lantern slides up your sleeve for use at embarrassing moments. Gaze at your audiences with a dreamy eye and write nine long equations on the board. Erase them at once, before someone Ca jealous researcher, who didn't have any breaks in his eurvej inquires if that minus sign near the end of the fourth equation shouldn't be plus. Your success depends on the number of people you can shake off at this point. Mathematics has a place, decidedly. If your audience looks too intelligent write some more equations, erasing them as before. Having done this, dwell at great length on the structure of the electron and the density of petrified rhubarb in Siberia. Finally when you see the vacant stare appear in the front row, pause for effect-gather up your books-nine volumes of the Archives-and ask for ques- tions. There will always be questions. They are the sign of the intelligent audience. There will also be a discussion-to which you listen--only. When it is over you will be convinced of three things: 1. You were entirely wrong. 2. You did a fine piece of work. 3. That it didn't mean anything. The moral is, It is much easier to take data than to interpret them. The bishop was waiting for his train in an out-of-the-way village. He saw a stranger eyeing him askance. Fearing that he might be cutting a slight acquaintance, the bishop nodded to the man. "Excuse me, mister," said the man, "but I think I've seen your picture in the paper." "Very probable," answered the bishop. "Can I ask," the stranger inquired, respectfully, "what you was cured of?" 243 le enszur just before the battle, mother, Thinking, dear, of youg Miiller's waiting on the left hand Grant and Frazier, too. Oh, I long for sweet oblivion Or a soothing ether whiff, For in the basement Ashhurst's waiting With a mauled and grisly stiff. Here are many brains a sitting In a silent, damning row, But I cannot guess what ailed themg Only God-and Frazier know. Here's a man without a sympton, But his toes he cannot flex. What's the nature of the lesion? Doth my cortex vain perplex. Of course, I cannot hope to operate On abscess of thc brain, But if I do not know the method My four-year labors will be vain. Now I know that E1i's fond of fractures Or the dislocation of the hip, But what's a sympathcctomy And where the vessels that you strip? Is it Miiller's strong on dynamite And Eli leans to pitch? Alas, before this Inquisition I ean't remember which is which! I know that Astley Cooper Is Ashhurst's "God of the Machine," But the others think hc's supersededg It fairly makes my head careen. Now Carnett stands for Cancer And the permeation of the lymph, But if I tell this tale to Miiller He's rather sure to schimpf! 244 We listen long to Spiller, That operation's last resort, But up in Surgery we hear Operation on every last report. Now take the case of hemorrhoids, In Monday's class we learn To tie and cut each thrombosed pile, But on Tuesday, "Clamp and Burn!" Ravdin knows each muscle And calls it by its name, He knows the course of every nerve And where to find the same. And Chubby's made a cute machine To tell where tumor's found, He slips the ear-phones on And knows it by the sound. Temple Fay, he knows the IICYVCS, The tangled life they've led, And the ohscurest nervous symptoms By him are easily read. Now Drury loves "Dehridement" And ne'er a case goes by But he pumps in Gentian Violetg It matches with his tie! And thus I spend each lonely night, 'Til heart and brain are sadly weary. And cram and stuff my head 'Till I know each ,l'rof.'s pet theory. I have no time to study eases Or how to get my patient well, But only what to keep from Muller And what to Eli tell! ! ! 245 Gold Medal Milk Holds Thirty Gold Medals A total of' thirty gold medals has been awarded SUPPLEE-WILLS-JONES Prod- ucts at various State, National and Inter- national Expositions. Our milk has Won in competition With the largest milk distrib- utors throughout the country, which proves that it excels in quality. No other milk distributor in the United States approaches this showing. We are agents for the celebrated Walker-Gordon Certified Milk which has Won medals for quality. Day in and day out SUPPLEE-WILLS- JONES GOLD MEDAL Milk Products excel in quality, freshness and flavor. They are the highest standard obtainable. s 'ii' Supplee-Wills-Jones PHILADELPHIA CHESTER CAMDEN ATLANTIC CITY Agents for Walker-Gordon Certified Milk 246 dgik' :IL f ' ACLOTHINGA I I' 'F-T xx-.Qt-5 6911191111115 Qixmrnlying Quilts, ulnlfou AVINUI COR. YoRTY"ouRf.'l STREIT NEW YORK Complete School and College Outfits BOSTON PALMBEACII NEWPORT fn.: :uname run :uname Annum uulmlnc ue. ee.. umm- c e U 1 vw vu e - e no mmm Amee X Established 1876 I 'T f . f' 49 0 .1 X You Must Have Em- , WhyNet Get theBest? L J I A Y l l-. 0 -I ll Whlte Duck .A - I -A 'Z f Q I I l 1- g f Suits ,l ' ,.l,. I For nearly half a century we . , - Q 'yi 'ze.' l have supplied your predecessors ' ' ' with our reliable, preshrunken, ' ', ' .fail ,. standardized, H O S P I T A L IN- .gl-, 9 1. TERNE SUITS. Thousands of - ,. 'gl ,., l satisfied customers have adver- , "l - F tised these suits and spread their X i K ' , l fame throughout AMERICA. if-1 U of C. D. WILLIAMS Sz Co. I' ' ff 246 South Eleventh Street l ' L l -I Philadelphia, Pa. Cmllpllflv clllalog and pa1'll'culurs 091' requc.ll 247 !!!BOYS AND GIRLS-BOYS AND GIRLS!!! HOW WOULD' YOU LIKE TO WIN A BICYCLE OR A MAGIC LANTERN? WHAT DO YOU DO WITH YOUR SPARE TIME? READ HOW TO BE A WINNER IN THIS UNUSUAL CONTEST SOMEONE WILL BE LUCKY-WHY NOT YOU??? HERE ARE THE DETAILS OF THE CONTEST- The Surgery Department is offering the following prizes for the best notebooks handed in by the boys and girls in thc class: FIRST PRIZE-A HANDSOME RED-ENAMELED BICYCLE, FULLY EQUIPPED WITH TOOLS, ELECTRIC LIGHT AND EVERYTHING. SECOND PRIZE-AN ELECTRIC MAGIC LANTERN WITH SLIDES UF PICTURES SUITED TO THE MORALITY OF MEDICAL STUDENTS. One of these is a picture of a ship. When you jiggle it, it looks like a storm at sea. HERE ARE THE CONDITIONS OF THE CONTEST-READ THEM CARE- FULLY AND YOU MAY BE THE WINNER 1. All notebooks must be on paper cxactly 6x8 inches. No other size paper will be accepted. 2. Write only on one side of the paper. Leave exactly half-inch margins. 3. Headings must be underlined. 4. Remember that neatness is the greatest virtue in a notebook. 5. The notebook must contain at least 95 per cent. of all the utterances of the surgery professors. No matter how often the statement has been repeated, put it in your book. 6. Illustrations, cut from text books, will enhance the valueof your book. 7. While not absolutely necessary, a binding, pleasing to the eye, and with the seal of the Surgery department is preferable. This seal, as you know, is two saws rampant on a field bloody. 8. The awarding of the prizes will be done impartially. The winners will be chosen for neatncss and weight of their notebooks. HERE IS A CHANCE TO MAKE YOUR HOMEWORK USEFUL AS VVELL AS ANNOYING. MAKE YOUR PARENTS PROUD OF YOU. HARD AND GRINDING WORK WILL WIN. 248 THE HQTEL PENNSYLVANIA CIIESTNILF STREETS Appointed Oyjicial Hotel of the Alumni Association Transient Rates-2153.00 to 35.00, Single 36.00 to 88.00, Double EVERY ROOM WITH PRIVATE BATH BALL ROOM, BANQUET ROOM AND DINING ROOMS AVAILABLE FOR DANCES AND BANQUETS Daniel Crawford, Jr. Harold H. Griswold President Manager THE IDEAL Nerve- Tissue Reconstruction Eskay's Neuro Phosphates Send for a Physician? Scwnple Q3 . SMITH, KLINE SL FRENCH CO. 436 ARCH STREET PHILADELPHIA 249 Ghz Ziaumhle Iaittuugb QDr. Rosenow, of the Mayo Clinic, is investigating an epidemic of hiccoughs in Rochester, Minn. He says hiccough is an infectious disease caused by streptococcij In days of old when beer was sold At costs extremely low, We used to think that it was drink That made us hiccough so, But now the news that we peruse Informs us but to mock us That every hic proclaimed us sick And bit by streptocoecus. Now, what thc deuce is any use Of learning of this feature, When it can do no darned good to A single human creature? We can't afford to take aboard Enough to start us hicking, So we can't try the alibi, And that is why I'm kicking. What time his spouse would greet a souse Who hicked him home a-blinking And, features grim, would say to him, "Ado1phns, you'vc been drinking!" Ehu! 'Twas then, the good days when 'Twould have been worth the money To say, "Th' bunk! No, I'm not drunk! From From From From From From From From And f I'm streptocockeycd, honey!" Jftesbman ilitanp lightning Osteologists, long-winded Anatomists, Ph.D.s that UNDERSTAND M.D.s, cats, fat "stiffs," chloride shifts, Physiology in cryptic utterances, kymographs-and other graphs rom wooden seats of torment 9 A. M. to 6 P. M. OH GOOD LORD DELIVER US. Once upon a time a patient was admitted to a hospital and placed in a private room. In course of time the Junior Interne came and gave her an enema. Later the Senior Interne came and gave her an enema. Later the nurse came and gave her an enema. Then another nurse did the same thing. Finally the Surgeon came and found the door locked. He knocked, and a weak voice queried, "Friend or Enema?" 250 I A i l 3 r I t , l l r a l l l KENDIGNVHELAN-MASON Custom Tailors Suitingsg Overcoatings, Trouserings, Evening Clothes, Etc. Clothes That Breathe om Atmosphere of Absolute Authenticity Yet Are Refreshfingly Different TO MEASURE ONLY KENDIG-WHELAN-MASON 1207 WALNUT STREET QSecond Floorj PHILADELPHIA PHONE SERVICE WALNUT 0343 25l 1BersunaIitp Oh, we've taken Turkish baths In a room akin to 1-lell, We've swallowed toy balloons And gagged at stomach tubes as well. They've stuck us with a needle Made for ox, or horse, or mule, And drained the blood from in us Till our feet began to cool. We've given up our lunch While turning in the chair, A vain ablation offered, But we never turned a hair. We've swallowed all they gave us, Be it sermon, tube or saltg Oh, we've up and taken all they gave us And we've never cried a halt. All this and many things beside We've done in Science's name: We grinned and took it like a man, And hoped for future fame. But, alas, that is denied us And our pain is all for naught, For 'not by work or courage Can prestige here be bought. Oh, you keep the midnight oil a burning And slave with might and main, But it brings no approbationg Can it be that this is sane? You may be the very essence Of intellectual honesty, And the crim'nal operation Your pride will never be. But still this will not bring you Among the favored fewg You will still remain a black sheep Wliatever you may do. You may tend your humble task, E'en if for moron planned. Though you hush your muttered curse, Yet still you find you're banned. Prince, we seek not here to write An epigram that's deep, But just to meditate on this Through which we've lost much sleep. That herc's a scientific course That counts not what you do, Where personality's the thing And limited to a few! 252 BROADWAY CONFECTIONERY 3661 WOODLAND AVENUE QOpposite Dormsj FRUITS-ICE CREAM SODAS BEST MILKSHAKES ON THE CAMPUS CIGARS AND TOBACCO Try our own delicious H ome-Made Candy Ellie Glnpprr 1021112 WINTEHS 3433 Walnut Street Lunches Dinner "On the edge of the Campus W d d l S t l Hot Bread Home-Made Ice Cream DRUG STORE 36th AND SANSOM STREETS Chicken and Wafllcs, Sundays, e nes nys ann a urcays, 5 to 7.30 PHII'ADELPHIA ...D -- . e..Q. ... ...O -,,.., 'II Fine fabrics in unusually attrac- tive patterns and colorings, Reed's . Standard of Tailoring and mod- Q crate prices make Reed's Cloth- K ing especially desirable. i Suits, Top Coats, Overcoats S35 and upward JACOB Rl-1ED'S SONS 1. -,o 'Su-' 1424-26 chemin: si. , P hi 1 a d e 1 p h i a I A . - 5 vl L A -gum 253 Tllibe jtlllan wha Qiuullnft whistle Acute Bulbar Palsy is, of course, a most sad disease, and hardly a subject for jest. There is something just the wee bit intriguing, however, about the way symptoms are stressed in clinic. Dr. Spiller mentioned his latest case so often, and, each time, laid such stress on the fact that the patient couldn't whistle- that we thought we might, with a word of explanation, be pardoned in having a poem written about it: It was an ancient man That sat on Blockley Steps His face was shadowed o'er with age And now and then he wept. His eyes were faded blue Again he shed a tear, He wore a look of pain, He spoke as I drew near. He was an ancient man, His hair was sparse and gray And stragglcd in the breeze. Leaning close I heard him say: "I used to be a merry man From dewy dawn till night, I never missed a single meal, I never scorned a fight. "I liked full well my work, I surely loved my boss, But now, I sit me here Alas, a total loss. "I rose each day with cock and sun And went my happy round, I whistled as I went, The neighbors loved the sound. "But now," again he wept, The swimming eyes o'erflow, His voice was choked with sobsg "It was a terrible blow." He wiped his eyes, Of brandy took a trace, But pain was in his voice And anguish in his face. "Those days have gone," he said, "When I was Whistling Dang I've lost my merry job And I'm a broken man." "What brought you here?" I paused to wipe my eye, "And why your mournful face As students wander by?" Again tl1e hidden grief Did shake his ancient frame And pity seized by witals And I did do the same. He raised a trembling voice And continued in his tale And 'ere and 'on he wept again Or shifted to a wail. "I lived in Manayunkf' he said, "They called me Whistling Dang In all the town of Manayunk There was no happier garbage man. "I whistled at my work To blow the fumes away, I whistled at my Work Through all the happy day. "Th' insidious fumes they did their work I cannot whistle more, I cannot ply my chosen trade As I did do of yore. "The poisoned fumes did vex my brain And bring on bulbar palsy, This is a truthful tale, . I would not tell you falsely. "So on this stone my scalding tears Do ever hiss and sizzle, For I'm a broken, hapless man, I can no longer whistle." And I did bow my head In pity for this wightg I shed another tear And hurried out of sight. 254 MICRO COPE of Fine Quality My Lifelong Specialty-Tested and Approved Before Delivery Bausch 85 Lomb and Spencer Makes Carried in Stock BLOOD-TESTIN G INSTRUMENTS CENTRIFUGES SPHYGMOMANOMETERS Tallqnist Haemoglobin Scale, 31.75 Most Convenient and Practical Haemoglobinometer Sole American Agents CLINICAL THERMOMETERS MEDICAL BOOKS ' Get My Special Bulletin of Second-Hand Microscopes, Cameras, etc. PENN OCK 3609 Woodland Avenue PHILADELPHIA 255 Parable One day St. Peter quit leaning against the Pearly Gates and took the afternoon off. Not liking to drop business entirely, he wandered down to Hell in the shape of a snow- flake-asbestos lined. Now this happened on a Thursday, the Infernal Doorkeeper's day off, so that his Satanic Majesty himself was checking up on the lost souls in person. So St. Peter sat down on the snowflake-asbestos side out-and joshcd him on his method of cataloguing the damned. Inured, as he was to heat, St. Peter's remarks got under his skin and soon Satan was all "het up." So he just quoted that quip: "To the pure most everything's rotten." But the Saint just hitched his snowflake out of the way of one flaming soul and let out that old one about certain parties being wis-er than the children of light. Now if there was one thing the devil hated worse than Holy Water is was Scripture-unless he was doing the quoting himself-for a purpose. So he 'bet his insulated pitchfork against Pete's key-ring that his indexing of new arrivals had the Celestial filing system beaten, hands down. Peter was touchy about his filing system, for he had spent about nineteen hundred years perfecting it and he was not going to let the Devil put anything over on him. So in the presence of three imps, two fullfledged demons and a scattering of lost souls they agreed, Satan was to catalogue the next five candidates. just to speed up the game, Pete started an influenza epidemic in Oshkosh and soon the damned came flocking down. Satan stood the first five in a row, looked them over, prodded them in the ribs and examined their teeth-then announced that he was prepared. The first was a Pathologistg the second, a Surgeon, the third, a Physiologistg the fourth, an Internist, and the fifth, a Neurologist. In the meantime Pete had questioned the five and lo and behold! the Prince of Darkness had scored 100 per cent., and he turned to Lucifer with a look of polite but incrcdulous inquiry. "lt was a cinch," murmured Beelzebub, emitting sulfur fumes from both nostrils. "Number one had a liver in his pocket." Pete suggested he might have been a -butcher. "Much the same," murmured Satan with a leer, "but this was a hob-nailed liver and he has a callus on his right malar bone." Peter admitted the liver-but the Callus? "From gazing in the microscope," said Satan, loftily. Satan admitted whispering one word to Number two to clinch the diagnosis. That was "appendix" The resulting pleased smile and a well-known lucrative gesture of rolling thumb and finger clinched it-he was a Surgeon. Even Pete had a suspicion that Number three was a Physiologistg he just radiated personality. And, as Satan pointed out his mouth was all puckered up from saying "Ph" so often. Number four was an interesting case. Pete catalogued him as a petty king or political leader-he seemed always conscious of a procession behind him. But Satan whispered "Operation" in his ear. He immediately fell into epileptiform convulsions. There could be no doubt-he was an Internist. Number five had Pete guessing, he had no symptoms, no nystagmus, no Romberg sign, no Babinski, no hippus. Why did Satan diagnose him a Neurologisti' "Ask me something hard," yawned Satan boredly behind his hand, "he has two pins in his coat lapel." And Pete gathered up his snowfiake very quietly and left. "Verily the children of this generation are wiser than the children of light!" 256 MICROSCOPES BLOOD COUNTING APPARATUS Sphygmomanometers Haemoglobinometers and Other Apparatus for Clinical and Laboratory Diagnosis EDWARD P. DOLBEY Sz CO. Laboratory Apparatus and Glassware CHEMICALS 3621 WOODLAND AVENUE PHILADELPHIA 257 Ulu Ghost Zlhuut tu Qtumhle "Oh, Love is like tl1e measles," And he winked a knowing eyeg "Oh, Love is like the measles," .It will not pass you by. "Oh, Love is like the measles," Sings the ribald little elf, "It comes when least expected And you cannot help yourself. "One day you're feeling very high And you scorn the tender sexg You look most very worldly wise, Take Schopcnhaucr for your text. "But soon within your scoffing soul The prodromes 'gin arise, Your heart begins to palpitate And takes you by surprise. "And soon without the slightest cause Your ears grow fiery red, You haunt her very footsteps Treasure every word she's said. "You grow quite vaguely worried, Think your vagus paralyzed, For your heart goes pounding on At a rate that's unadvised. "And you have that funny feeling As if your stomach's sunk, Perhaps you buy Peruna Or some other patent junk. "And you cut the cigarettes, perhaps, Or buy a milder brand, For you fear your brain is goingg l You, too, in P. G. H. will land. X "And you help along the Volstead act, Pour your liquor down the sink, Up and swear a solemn pact Never, never more to drink. "But still the fever runs its course, Grows daily worse and worse, Till you're sure you have incurred Some angel's bitter curse. 258 l -u l Bronehial Affeetions Quinsy-Pharyngitis-Laryngitis-La Grippe become more prevalent with the advent of the fall and winter seasons and the physician of wide experience recalls the important role Antiphlogistine plays in these diseases. applied thick and hot over throat and upper chest, not only gives almost instant comfort to the patient, but begins promptly to reduce and relieve the inflammatory process in the larynx and bronchi. Antiphlogistine is prescribed by physicians all over the world. The Denver Chemical Mfg. Co. NEW YORK Lullorzttol'ies--LONDON, MONTREAL, PARIS, SYDNEY ' 'x'.'0s-W-9" I The Nlanagement ol' an lnlant's Diet I .'Jw'?-9'.'x'. . 8 5? is "1 O 5 Fi D' CD 'ir' S1 U' O 'S SD FP O P1 "4 .0 'P -15? :Gash Mellinis Food Company 3 FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES 54 .56 Based upon recognized standards of average weight of normal infants ' ' during the first year o flife, babies who are fed upon modifications prepared from the directed quantities ot Mellin's Food, whole eow's milk and water, o as suggested for normal infants one month old to twelve, will receive daily s -tri? "f'4!Sb for each pound of body weight the four essential elements of nutrition in 8 the following average amounts: 8 . i 55 1.75 Grams of Fat cf' Q, 2.01 Grams of Proteins Q5 59 4.98 Grams of Carbohydrates ec , - .48 Grams of Salts . . 8 This well-balanced nourishment also supplies fuel for the generation 8 .0 of bodily heat, as the stated amounts of fat, proteins and carbohydrates . Q contribute 415 Calories for each pound of hotly weight. lVlellin's Food 66 Q, modifications may therefore he depended upon to furnish necessary energy eg 33 as well as food elements in proper proportion and amounts to meet the to . v requirements for repair, growth and development of early life. 0 . .,g,.,r',5-QT.. I Mellin's Food Co., 'gimme Boston, Mass. I .,yQ 259 "For Love is like the measles And it runneth as it list, And it chuckles loud at scoffers, There's not a one he's missed. "Then one day the prodrome's over, The spots are frankly out, Your heart goes beating on, But you know what it's about. "You know you'vc got the measles, It is a common thing, But at least you know it's measles, You go out and buy a ring!" "1Hivh Et Qlheualn Alphonse Dore of Savenay kips vot you call bouvette, Ver you can buy une verre de bier, vin rouge and anisette, And 011 hces house der ees a sign "Pied et Cheval" she say, No bettair place she can be found in town of Savenay. De oflicier Americain from L'Hospital near by, Dey all go into Alphonse place and weenk de odder eye, For certainment dey torsty ones dey dreenk Vermouth cassise, And den dey weenk de odder eye at Madamoiselle Aleece. "Ma chere Aleece! sandwich and cheese, Vermouth cassise, mem c Snap into it and make it quick and don't stick up your nose!" Aleece she's eyes speet fire den she swear one sacre bleu, Deese oflicier American spick de francais tres peux. "Vy don't you learn Americain? de sommandant he spick, Cut out you parlez vous and learn Americain tout suite, Francais ees crazy langevitch eet could not be no worse, You spick of mother as a mare and shovel ees a horse." Aleece she spick, f'Ecf you come here and dreenk my anisette, Den I will lissen weed my ear and qucek I learn you bet, De way you spick de way you sing I learn Americain, And purty soon I dink I spick joost lake one gentleman." Aleece she learn Americain bimeby she learn some more, But vot she spick ees sound joost lake she ees one stevedore. "For luff of Mike," she spick one day to Monsieur Colonell, hose "Eef you get fresh around dees place you can go plumb to hell." "Cut out dat bunk," she spick again ven dings get purty ruff. Dees ees no place to make deesgrace, ver do you get dat stuff?" I onerstand all dat you spick I learn Americain, And vot I learn I learn damm good, I spick lake gentleman. 260 Compliments of Ernie M. Allen 3337 Woodland Avenue 'llrzidemnrk Trndenmrk Registered Registered . - . THADEMARK Rim. For Men, Women and Children For Ptosis, Hernia, Pregnancy, Obesity, Relaxed Sacro-Iliac Articulations, Floating Kidney, High and Low Operations, Etc. Ask for 36-page Illustrated Folder. Mail orders Filled at Phila. only-24 hours. Katherine L. Storm, M.D. Originator, I'unmt1'c', Owwwr and Mnkvr 1701 Diamond St. Philadelphia Musi ED. KOLHOFF, Mgr. Bootshop 3611 Woodland Avenue Class Pipes Desk Lamps Magazines Pipe Repairing I. G. WILLIAMS Cor. 37th and Locust Streets The Splendid Restaurant 3645 Woodland Avenue To the Pifcsident of the U. M. A.: Dear Sir: I have a very. highly original and scientific research paper which I would like to submit to you. You will understand that this work is entirely theoretical and the result of much pondering over our lectures in P. Chem. and Physiology. It has to do with ll ion concentration and disorders of the ,gall bladder-especially cholelithiasis. My deductions are as follows: X ln gall bladder disease we have digestive symptoms, acid eructations and therefore an increased acidity. This would cause a rise in H ion concentration and therefore a fall in Ph. Let us turn our attention to the gall bladder. At the junction of the cystic duct and gall bladder we have the spiral valve of Heisler. This anatomical structure would prevent a rapid flow of bile past this point. Now, my contention is this: When, due to the rise in H ion concentration, the Ph becomes lower, the passage of the Ph's becomes more sluggish, when, in the course of their circulation they arrive at the spiral valve of Heisler, they become clogged there. Mucus and thick bile surround them and in course of time the typical gall stone is formed with the Ph caught "in flagrante delicto" as it were. To these scientific observations I have added a suggestive method of treatment. If our premise is correct, that sluggishness of the Ph stream causes gall stones, what would be more logical than that an acceleration of this current would cause a cure? I would treat cases of gall stones by the simple injection of NaHCOa, thereby lowering the H ion concentration and speeding up the tardy Ph's. I hope that this paper will not prove to be too ultrascientific and radical for your pi. rpose, and that you will allow me to read it at your meeting. Hoping for a favorable reply, I am Very sincerely yours, JAMES B. RESEARCH. P. S.-I think my theory might also apply to Phleboliths, Fecoliths, Valvular Vege- tation, Raynaud's disease, Cerebral thrombosis and Pulmonary embolism. The baby of Mrs. Levinsky Grew awfully puny and thinskyg To call it marantic Seems rather pedantic- It simply was all bo11es and skinsky. The milk from the goat of Pat Flynsky Was proffered to little Levinsky. "Don't kid me," he'd say, ' As he stowed it away, But now he's as husky as sinsky. Question:-Name some of the endocrine products which may check excess menstruation. Answer-Ovary, thyroid, testis. "I'm cutting quite a figure," said the chorus girl, as she sat on a broken bottle. 262 -4 When We say "Merchandise That Expresses Personality" We tell the Whole story Hennhaahvrg THE COLLEGIATE SHOP 3713 SPRUCE STREET PHILADELPHIA I l Valentine H. Smith Sz Co. INC. Q Wholesale Druggists und Manufacturers of Fluid Extracts and Standard Pharmaceutical Preparations S. W. Cor. 2nd and Green Sts Philadelphia PENN DRUG CO. QOpposite Dormsj Drugs and Gifts of the Better Kind EVERYTHING FOR THE STUDENT COMPLIMENTS OF SCOTT-POWELL DAIRIES "Fresher by a Day" 45th and PARRISH STREETS ilillnrtalitp Statistits What's the bane of the Surgeon's life What makes him cuss And beat his wife? The mortality statistics. What makes him fill a drunkard's grave Or take to dope And makes him rave? The mortality statistics. What makes a Surgeon lean and gaunt VVhat's the fondest thing They have to flaunt? The mortality statistics. What makes a mighty Surgeon growl His face grow red His language foul? The mortality statistics. o What's each Surgcon's h pe of grace What's the only thing That will save his face? The mortality statistics. What's the thing you ought to know As they wheel you in And under the ether you go? The mortality statistics. 'I here is a man in our class Of whom we have suspicion Some day he'll grow up And be an Obstetrician, For ever since he was elected President of the B. C. Hirst Society he wears an amber cigarette holder. In the thoughts that flashed across my mind " They were not quite de rigeur Just apropos of human form divine ' Miss Haukin's uncorrected "hgger." .-.. ,.. Muller CFriedhacher has reported on surgical case-stressing small cyst in breast and passing up an acute surgical hellyj: "My God, man don't tell me you s ent your whole time on this patient's breast v P ,H 264 4 Pennsylvania Barber Shop 3643 WOODLAND AVE. 3655 WOODLAND AVE. Most Sanitary Barber Shop on Campus Sarnese Hair Oil for Dandrujf and Falling Hair Manicuring Eleven Barbers AL. SARNESE Frank Betz Co. MANUFACTURERS OF Surgical Supplies, I nstruments, Furniture, ' Drugs, etc. '23 HAMMOND, IND. Chicago: 30 E. Randolph Street New York: 6-8 W. 48th Street George J. Thomson TAILOR T0 MEN WHO KNOW 3615 Woodland Avenue Michael Gallagher Caterer Fraternities a Specialty Philadelphia 215 McALPIN STREET I I 'l:lll,llSlll'lllK 0987 Keystone. West it U7 . COHEN BROS. Fairmount Laundry Dealers in ' Harry R. Endicott First-Class Work Guaranteed Fancy Fruits anal Produce S. E. Cor. 36th and Market Streets 247 SOUTH 37th STREET Philadelphia Phone' Preston 4399 Hotels. Restaurants and Fraternities Supplied utters-when anh ntn In the old days when I had a kink in my system I went to Dr. jones. And he'd tell me to say "ah," and hit me a wallop in the ribs, And ask how the wife was, and how the kid was getting along at high school. And he'd write a prescription That tasted as bad as it looked, And nearly as bad as it smelled. But it did the trick. It would have put considerable animation Into one of those statues with the baggy trouser legs Up in Queen's Park. And then, a year or two afterwards, I'd pay his bill After I'd paid every other darned thing I owed. -of 4- 4: -if for Nowadays when I have a pain, I take it to a specialist. He has one of those hard-finished, white valspar nurses That scares tl1e heart out of me. She puts me into a card index, , With the story of my past life, and my thumb prints, Then she shows me into an inner room. It's white, too, just like a cafeteria. Only there's nothing to eat. And the specialist gives me a cold glance and says, "Sit there." And I sit. Then he opens up his tool kit, and boils his tools a while, And when he thinks they're done enough He inserts them into my eye, ear, nose and throat. When they make me sqnirm, he gives me a dirty -look, And I stop squirming. At last he says he thinks he may be able to do something for me, If I'll have my eye, ear, nose and throat cut out. And I say I'l1 think about it. You bet I will! r And I totter out the wrong door, But that white, hard-finished nurse retrieves me, And says, "That will be ten dollars, please." -of -or at wr -sf Once I made a joke in a specialist's office. It was a very little one. But it fell on the sterilized Hoor with a loud crash. The Doctor picked it up with his forceps And put it into a white enameled can, along with some Discarded tonsils. I suppose it wasn't an antiseptic joke. -of -r 4- xx lk Anyhow, I wish Dr. Jones I-Iadn't stopped practising. 266 "From Freshman Cap to Cap and Gown" During 1924-1925 More Medical Students Utilized the Facilities of Houston Club Store Than Ever Before THERE'S A REASON Clothes of Cleverness 'Q .nrlmcz c K l .i..i J C X 4 gf fn. -29.-i, 3 'ligmml X J 'X yq! P ll! I ll 'lg iq- Tw 1 lf Q ' l Crane-Savenay Abduction Splint Made Universally Adjustable Pervious to X-Ray Made of Pierce-Alloy Metal find Class Duwbble as Steel Harvey R. Pierce Company 128 S. 19th Street Philadelphia G. M. DIDDLEBOCK 6728 North Broad Street Philadelphia, Pa. Bell Phone Representing W. F. PRIOR COMPANY, INC. Hagerstown, Maryland The Prior Threefold Service A COMPLETE LIBRARY SERVICE TICE Loose-Leaf Practice of Medicine Write for Our Free TG-Page Brochure ABBOTTS "A" MILK ABBOTTMAID The De Luxe Ice Cream Z . 1 X I 9' Q .' T .55 0 ii? . Snappy Ties for Spring 31.00 GOMMY'S U. of P. Campus Zlnatump Oh, I'll sing you a song of an hour that's long And a class that suffers in vain, For a devilish hour, we're fast in his power And he drives us all insane. He comes with a book and a fearful look And we cower abject in our seatg We eudgel our brain, but all in vain, To seek for an answer that's meet. In spite of our moans the tale he intoncs, Of the Bundle of Vic d'Azyr, An' we chatter our teeth in vain belief That he'll pity our mournful tear. He tells us a story that's moss edged and hoary And we smirk with a mirthless grin, For we know that his joke must our laughter evoke, For silence is cardinal sin. At the moment of five, with a wordy dive, He sinks in the depths of his lore Though our collar's damp and we've writer's cramp There seems no hope in store. His voice grows strong as he gallops along And leaves us gasping behind, And we yearn for a word to hurl at the bird, But never a one do we find. Oh, what can atone for an aching bone And a brain that's woozy and sore? Ol1, we long for sleep that's peaceful and deep And a gentle, but earfnlling, snore! JI-Blehical Ilaisturp Endocrinology all intact Was pie to the early Greeks, Liniment made from camphor oil 'Nas used for the joints with creaksg Purges and gargles and stimulants Were part of the daily fight, But the early Romans were all at sea When their false teeth wouldn't bite. Lives of great men all remind us We can be quite erudite And, departing, leave behind us Footnotes on each page we write. 268 The White House Cafe COPPOSITE DORMSD WE APPRECIATE YOUR PATRONAGE CALL AGAIN RUBE MILLER Seminar is a Greek word, Which may have Latin rootsg If you should attend one Bc sure to wear your boots. A cellar smcllcr stopped a man carrying a suspicious looking suitcase. A brownish liquid was dropping' from it. He ran his finger along the bottom of the case and put it in his mouth. "Alia," hc said, "a little Scotch?" "No," said thc man, "Aireclale." 269 GILBERT STUDIOS 926 CHESTNUT STREET The Official Photographers for the Scope 1925 9 ' QIVIWO NIWWIWBWIWI ' CIXWDWDWDWI '0VOXWVO 'QW WWLV0 '45 WWWI V 4MWb' om elle Uqrzl Sfudzo ,7DlLOfO Gngravz n WA LGTZ PHOT0-I GRAVI G CCMPANY N E core IZTHSCHERRY sTs PHILADELPHIA MAKERS OF THE ENGRAVINGS E AA AA AA AA AA E v' 2 Z 6 A if Z S 3 e S 2 1 5 S B 1 E ' S 2 S 5 S 3 S 5 cl 5 5 S 2 E 2 2 t A. 2 0 3 I 3 9 5 S 2 S Q S 2 1 : E i C171 E B E 4 G 5 S D .3 4 7 E S i 2 S - S in S I S 4 2 4 S 5 1 T' 5 S 3 Q 3 5 . . . - ' S S I 5 - A E E V 3 3 5 - S E 2 J ,"V VVVV YYY 1 1 A A Ig fA IN THIS PUBLICATION IYAIYANIYMVNYA17MVAX1h1m7A1h 01 17 A WMM IMVMV plqmvmrl 1h1M1h1WM1MN1mPAYA 27l 4 4 NDQN' MMM OQIBN' 4. I f-ll SBU RIDE in our work, -that thing within us which makes us yearn always for better things, has entered' prominently in the prof duction of this book. LANCING through its pages you scarcely know why you instantly recognize a pleasing difference,-but to those of us who visualized and created the mental ideals of what it should be, it represents the successful culmination of the thoughts and ideas in back of it, and their blending into a harmonious whole. We are proud of our work, and in enf tire confidence offer the same cofoperf ation and service to all customers. "UCC -t :P CLARK PRINTING HOUSE, Incorporated -4' 4' Philadelphia --c.vfQ- .CQQJN 'i' 'W' 272 45 E 0. I . v f .u A '46 v 1 ,U 1 E I 2 H 'I il J


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University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine - Scope Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1922 Edition, Page 1

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