University of Notre Dame - Dome Yearbook (Notre Dame, IN)

 - Class of 1968

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University of Notre Dame - Dome Yearbook (Notre Dame, IN) online yearbook collection, 1968 Edition, Cover

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Text from Pages 1 - 364 of the 1968 volume:

, . . . ps i - , , ' " I Q C Q J- 3 O O | I " TT1 published by the students of the 1VJL PJ university of notre dame du lac m Volume 59 University of Notre Dame Notre Dame, Indiana David A. Heskin Editor David P. Ward Managing Editor Kevin C. Flynn Barbara A. Gibson Associate Editors Murlan J. Murphy P. Keith Harkins Photography Editors And they called it the University of Notre Dame du Lac 4 Academics William Larsen, editor 22 Organizations Patrick Wilson, editor Athletics Gary Greve, editor 154 Student Life Raymond Maddalone, editor 210 Graduates John Dempsey, editor 270 General Index 336 BESSrS About the production of this book 338j A brief history of Notre Dame 340 Cover and endsheets designed by Zack Brown And they called it the University of Notre Dame du Lac. One hundred and twenty-five years after Father Edward Sorin and six brothers of Holy Cross put up the first building of what they pretentiously called the University of Notre Dame du Lac, that university stands on the threshold of greatness. That time, short in comparison to the lifespan of the greatest universities, has witnessed the trans- formation of a fourth-rate, provincial college into a well-respected, well-known university. That Notre Dame has grown and matured in 125 years is obvious. Gone is the library which con- tained only 250,000 volumes; in its place is one of the largest college library buildings in the world. Gone is the time when academics were " an exciting but unintellectual blend of Thomism and the split T " ; in its place is a graduate school with 24 dif- ferent Ph.D. programs. Gone are 10 o ' clock curfews and compulsory mass attendance; in its place are the Honor Concept and student judiciary boards. Notre Dame, after a long courtship, has entered the contemporary world. Notre Dame ' s national founding could well be dated as a Saturday afternoon in the late autumn of 1913. On that day, two men Knute Rockne and Gus Dorais brought Notre Dame to national prom- inence with a new maneuver, the forward pass, in the upset victory over Army ' s football team. Rockne returned to his alma mater as head coach in 1918, and from that year until his death in a plane crash in 1931, established the charisma of Notre Dame football. Under Rockne, football be- came big business; it brought national recognition and, for the first time, a ready source of outside income. But football alone continued to characterize Notre Dame for three decades after Rockne. The University emerged from the Second World War with an already legendary football tradition, a Catholic, conservative middle class alumni an endowment of six million dollars, and at best, a mediocre academic reputation. But Notre Dame knew that to survive, it must build itself into a great university. This task fell to John J. Cava- naugh, C.S.C., who became president in the sum- mer of 1946. Father Cavanaugh realized that Notre Dame needed almost 90 million dollars worth of new buildings to accommodate its planned growth through the next decades. To this end we started. In September, 1952, Theodore M. Hesburgh, C.S.C., was named sixteenth president; his subsequent ef- fect on the university has been more far-reaching than any other person in the school ' s history with the possible exception of Knute Rockne. Father Hesburgh was determined to develop Notre Dame into a great university. He started by limiting enroll- ment, liberalizing and gradually changing student rules, and bringing better faculty members and ad- ministrators to the school. He continued the physi- cal expansion begun under Cavanaugh, constructing 65 million dollars worth of new buildings. Father Hesburgh ' s administration brought Notre Dame into the mainstream of higher education in the 1960 ' s. It organized three fund-raising drives to- taling 98 million dollars over an eight-year period something unheard of for a Catholic university. It brought in men renowned in their fields to head the colleges of the University, such as Frederick Rossini and Norman Gay. It developed new departments, new programs, and devoted more money than ever before to the graduate school. And it transferred the governing of the university from an ecclesiastical to a secular board, becoming the largest Catholic uni- versity in the world under lay control. As the University changed, the student body underwent a corresponding development. The change was not so much a physical one today ' s undergrad- uates still come primarily from white, middle-class Catholic families as an academic one. It wasn ' t un- til 1956 that Donald Sniegowski became Notre Dame ' s first Rhodes scholar. But from then on, fel- lowships began to rise in the graduating class, and graduate school started to become the rule rather than the exception. Today, Notre Dame ranks near the top of the list in Woodrow Wilson and Danforth fellowships, and well over 50 per cent of each grad- uating class goes to graduate school. Undergraduates of the sixties demanded more from the university in academics and in student life; Notre Dame re- sponded with increased facilities, better faculties, and, for the first time in its history, freedoms and responsibilities for the students. At the same time, Notre Dame became one of the major college sources of Peace Corps, VISTA, and Extension volunteers. Notre Dame has rid itself of the parochialism in its dealings with students and of its fears of a free academic inquiry which had characterized it for decades. It realizes now that a university must give students a substantial voice in governing their personal lives and that a university is a place where " all the relevant questions are asked and where answers are elaborated in an atmosphere of freedom. " Notre Dame is now a good university; probably even a very good university. It has recog- nized and accepted the challenge for greatness; whether or not it will meet that challenge, Notre Dame still must answer. Terry Dwyer Undergraduates of the sixties demanded more from the university in academics and in student life. ' ' . ' The all-American crew-cut college kid no longer exists. He belonged to the late forties and fifties when the Cold War, flag waving patriotism, and Pat Boone were in vogue. Today ' s college student, though coming from the same background, has encountered a vastly different university than his predecessor did a decade and a half ago. He is more aware and recep- tive to the world around him. His concern for civil rights sparked the Southern Negro voter registration drives of the sixties. His concern for the underprivi- leged peoples of his own country and the world are manifest in his interest in VISTA and the Peace Corps. But in the last year, this concern has appeared to be waning, or at least changing direction. There are several reasons for this change. First, the university has assumed a much more prominent role in the structure of American society. The largest segment of the university, the students, are now more interested in student power the way they can use their collective influence in changing the univer- sity and the world around them. Second, the war in Viet Nam and its corresponding demands for man- power have reached such proportions that students can no longer take an extended absence from school or join one of these volunteer programs after gradu- ation for fear of being drafted. American society is turning to the universities for finding solutions to its problems and at the same time demanding that its students go out and solve those problems. It is not the students who have changed the university from a monastery to a government research plant and em- ployment source. But the students are at the very center of that change. For the following six pages of the Dome, four students discuss these topics and their relation to the students. On pages 10 and 11, Jon Sherry, senior government major and ASP party chairman, outlines the history and goals of student power in the nation ' s universities and specifically at Notre Dame. On pages 12 and 13 Forrest Hainline, a senior English major, attacks American involvement in Viet Nam, while Chris Manion, a senior history major, demands a quick, decisive victory. Then on pages 14 and 15, Ned Allen Buchbinder, senior General Program ma- jor and student draft counsellor, tells what he knows of the Selective Service ' s plans for the class of 1968 and suggests alternative actions for students who need them. Keith Harklns The issue in student politics this year was bluntly: student power. The Action Student Party, after narrowly losing last year ' s student body presidential race, this year elected 13 members to Student Senate on a platform calling for student self-government the right of the students to make and enforce their own rules of behavior, as well as to participate in decisions of academic policy. Bills were passed by the Senate to implement these proposals, a student judi- ciary was set up, and course and teacher evaluation was begun. But repeated attempts by various halls to follow their own rules, especially in the area of parietal hours, were stopped by the administration. Fin ally, a General Assembly of Students was con- vened in February, and after two tumultuous sessions, passed bills endorsing self-government, stay hall, parietal hours, and academic reforms. Two weeks later, Richard Rossie, campaigning strongly for student power, was elected student body presi- dent by an unprecedented landslide of 60 percent. This enthusiastic endorsement of the principles of student power and the mandate for their implemen- tation was the result of many years of activity by gradually growing numbers of students. Nationally, student power has developed as a reaction to certain trends in the university. The first is the gradual disintegration of the university community. The second is the metamorphosis of the university into a full fledged business enterprise, concerned primarily with production (students, re- search, and publications), rewards, and image. It also expresses the growing estrangement of the younger generation from the traditional American society and youth ' s growing frustration at its own lack of power and ability to control their own lives and to bring about needed social change. The growth in student radicalism at Notre Dame has paralleled the disintegration of its traditional student community. This disintegration with its re- sulting alienation and frustration first manifested itself in the Corby Riot of 1960 when hundreds of angry students snowballed Corby Hall and the Dean of Students. But the change had begun earlier. The composition of the student body was changing; the effects of Fr. Hesburgh ' s academic excellence were being felt. The new type of student was different; he was better prepared, more intelligent and ques- tioning. He did not come to Notre Dame to accept answers but to seek them for himself. The new students found themselves increasingly unable to identify with the traditional image of the Notre Dame man and increasingly unable to integrate themselves into the student community founded on this image. The rules which reflected the old com- munity no longer served their purpose of unifying the student body and had become repression rather than regulation of order. And in turn this repressive atmosphere tended to increase student distrust of the administration, as well as further alienation and frustration. Football, once a unifying factor, was in inj new lac- tor of unity arose to replace athletcis and image. At the same time, Notre Dame was rapidly ex- panding until it began to resemble the multiversity, concerned with much more than just education. Academe is no longer a quiet oasis of intellect, a retreat from mundane cares where scholars can pursue their work in meditative silence. Research, great conferences, construction, and fund drives have become full-time activities. Students at any university are no longer the central object of con- cern that they once were, so they seek to offset this loss of status by achieving a position of influence and power within the university. But power can only be achieved by men working together in groups, and is impossible for men alien- ated from one another to exercise. Environments of alienation and frustration produce radicals and Notre Dame is an excellent example of this. Alien- ated men seek community and the radical commun- ity, beginning with the Popular Front, has grown as an answer to the distintegration of the old com- munity. Most have become members not out of intel- lectual conviction but in search of the intangibles that cannot be found in isolated existence. It is a loosely defined group suffering in varying degrees of alienation from the " system. " They cannot iden- tify with the old image, but seek to create a new one. The growth of the radical community as a sociological group with group symbols and activities can be measured by the increase in its power and influence over the last few years. This year the com- munity has become strong enough to support the Delphic Oracle, a coffee house, and a radical news- paper, " the River City Review. " They are numerous enough to man a student political party and to hold large demonstrations against the war and for free speech on campus. There has been a gradual acceptance of their solu- tions to the problems that exist at Notre Dame. But the most important single contribution that student radicalism has made at Notre Dame is to make the students aware of the problems confronting them and of their power to effect change. Apathy is de- clining and activism is now ascendent. This shows not only an awareness of Notre Dame ' s problems, but also of those which afflict America. For student power ultimately aims beyond the university, seek- ing to change our society as well. Since the univer- sities are becoming key institutions in this country, they can eventually change society, but only if they are transformed first. This is what student power is trying to do restructure the universities into democratic educational communities which will be- come the bases for an eventual transformation and liberation of the whole society. Jon Sherry : ' STUDENT POWER: The growth of radicalism at Notre Dame has paralleled the disintegration of its tra- ditional student community. We are the aggressors. " We are in Viet Nam, " says President Johnson, " to honor a pledge to help an independent people defeat foreign aggression; those who oppose the war dis- credit our word and only prolong the conflict. " The painful realization of many Americans is that these words are not true. Excluding forces in- troduced by the United States, there are no foreign troops in Viet Nam. The Geneva Accords which, ac- cording to Mr. Rusk (CBS-TV Aug. 23, 1965) , " were embraced on behalf of the U.S. by Gen. Bedell Smith, " made it clear that Viet Nam is a political and cultural unity: " the provisional military de- marcation line should not in any way be interpreted as constituting a political or territorial boundary. " Viet Nam was to be unified in 1956 by national elec- t ion and the U.S. pledged its " word of honor " to support such an election: " In the case of nations now divided against their will, we shall continue to seek to achieve unity through free elections super- vised by the United States to insure that they are conducted fairly. " (Dept. of State Bulletin, Aug. 2, 1954.) It was well recognized what the outcome of these elections would be : President Eisenhower esti- mated that 80 per cent of the people would vote for Ho Chi Minh (Mandate for Change, p. 372). De- spite our pledge, the U.S. collaborated with the Diem government to prevent the elections from taking place. Diem ' s opponents, primarily the National Lib- eration Front (NLF), began working to overthrow his regime. These elements were termed " aggres- sors " both by Diem and the U.S. In this context it is interesting to note that Eisenhower, Dulles, and Nixon had called the Vietnamese struggle against French colonialism a case of aggression and allo- cated $15 million to the French cause. By word and action the U.S. has shown that the Vietnamese people still support Ho and or the NLF : Washington insists we must win the hearts and minds of the Vietnamese before we hope to win the war, hearts and minds that now reside elsewhere. The U.S. has continually opposed self-determin- ation in Viet Nam. There is no peace because the Johnson administration refuses to accept any truly representative government in South Viet Nam. Re- garding Johnson ' s " willingness to negotiate, " the U.S. made no diplomatic efforts to resolve the con- flict before the escalation of 1965; since that time Mr. Rusk has made it clear that the NLF would be given no political influence in South Viet Nam. The U.S. demands a cessation of what we have termed aggression ; we will not negotiate, but demand that the Vietnamese people accept a government estab- lished with the support of a foreign power. To end the war we must win it Protest has supplied us with many distracting moments this year at Notre Dame. The main target of the protesters, moralists, and pragmatists alike has been the war in Viet Nam. Their rallying call : " Hell no, we won ' t go. " This conclusion is sur- prisingly plausible. However, it must be justified not on the basis of personal morality, but in the light of what is best for the continued freedom of the citizens of the United States. Only then can it be applied to national policy. The United States has poured billions of dollars into the Viet Nam war; thousands of Americans have died ; many fester in the prisons of North Viet Nam. But this was is unlike any other war in his- tory : the enemy ' s capital city and chief port remain untouched, while the American Embassy in Saigon is stormed. President Johnson warns us to expect " more cost, more loss, and more agony " while he reassures us that our goal is not victory, but a vague notion of peace in South Viet Nam. The President couples his support for the endless, winless war with requests for expanded trade with the Communist bloc. The dreamlike proportions of these forays into Wonderland include recommending the sale of Worden gravity meters to Poland, these delicate instruments used to determine the trajec- tory of guided missiles. Polish goods, including war supplies, stream into Haiphong harbor to support the battle against the American enemy. Meanwhile, the Johnson administration attempts to please " world opinion " by fighting the war on the enemy ' s terms. No will to victory accompanies the American forces in their treks through the jungle only promises of " negotiations " and " lim- ited objectives " enhance the future. Sent to fight with their hands tied by restrictions, sanctuaries, and a directionless foreign policy, American soldiers read hometown newspapers to discover that their President is constantly attempting to expand trade with their enemies. Consular treaties and cultural exchange programs are promoted to display the peaceful and mutual respect between the United States and the Soviet Union. " We shall defeat the Americans with Soviet weap- ons, " the Premier of North Viet Nam has claimed. Pham Van Dong goes on to describe the solidarity of the Russian people behind the Communist offensive against the Americans. Russians are bombarded with slogans calling for Communist victory in Viet Nam; Americans, on the other hand, are advised that there is no such animal, so they do their best to ignore the war, and return to their T.V. sets to watch the Americans fight the Germans. In our days of political doublethink, one could write off the normally treasonous policy of giving There is no clearer indication of the injustice of American presence in Viet Nam than our military tactics : the use of napalm and fragmentation bombs on populated hamlets; the use of delayed-action bombs which kill indiscriminately hours after being dropped; the use of fragmentation bombs to flush out enemy soldiers from fields and villages where there are known noncombatants ; the use of herbi- cides, harmful to human and animal life, on thou- sands of square miles of land. These policies have not been denied, but " justified " on the grounds that the enemy also commits atrocities. Were we fighting cannibals, this logic would have American soldiers eating human captives. Human beings do not liberate " captive " women and children by incinerating them with napalm. We are either wanton animals destroy- ing the land and people we claim to be freeing, or these people are our enemies. If that is the case, we are the aggressors, attempting to establish a stronghold of American influence against the will of the people. In the name of honor, in the name of God, we must no longer demand surrender to our will ; we must negotiate a truly representative gov- ernment and leave. Mr. Johnson has made it ap- parent that as long as Americans support this war, we will not stop fighting until we have our will. The Vietnamese people have made it clear that this will never be until they and their country no longer exist. Forrest Hainline aid and comfort to our enemy as a natural result of some vague " credibility gap. " But the American youth who sees American goods going to Russia and Russian weapons and technicians killing American soldiers in Viet Nam is very likely to shake his fist and say " Hell no, I won ' t go! " It is probable that there has never been a popular war at least a war popular with the men who have to fight it. For it is the soldier who is the real peace- maker the one who lays his life on the line to de- fend the liberties which he and his countrymen are willing to fight for. He realizes that " freedom isn ' t free, " and so do the campus demonstrators. But the more convincing demonstration is given by the soldiers in Viet Nam. Hundreds of Notre Dame men have served there; several have given their lives in an act to preserve our freedom to demonstrate. We all seek an end to the war. But we will not achieve this goal by compromising. To reward Com- munist aggression by negotiating is suicidal for while we can win the war, we might lose the nego- tiation: our philosophy of " limited objectives " is not shared by our Communist enemies. From an- other war we can still hear the words of a great general, Douglas MacArthur: " From the Far East I send you one single thought, one sole idea, written in red on every beachhead from Australia to Tokyo : There is no substitute for victory. " Clearly, the only way to end the war in Viet Nam is to win it. Christopher Manion THE WAR IN VIET NAM: Two opposing views. THE DRAFT: No one knows except the Selective Service- and they ' re not saying. The military manpower requirements of the war in Viet Nam this year prompted the Selective Service administration to issue two changes in the draft law relevant to students at Notre Dame: first, the new " automatic " II-S deferment for undergraduates; and second, the cancellation of graduate school and vo- cational deferments. The basic problem that devel- oped for students was that the changes demanded a decision much earlier than ever before. Students who requested the II-S could not receive any defer- ment after their graduation, and without the guar- antee of grad school, found themselves in the prime age group for military induction. This year ' s seniors were left hopelessly in uncertainty right to the day of graduation since there simply was no precedent for the Selective Service ' s wide-scale cancellation. No one knew, and Selective Service wasn ' t saying, just how the projected 240,000 men would be chosen from the senior class of 280,000. Rumors were spread to the effect that the local board would have com- plete autonomy; that graduate schools would have to shut down and undergraduate courses that re- quired large nu mbers of assistants would be dis- continued; and that ROTC deferments would be con- tinued. The utter confusion of the first year of a new law, coupled with the lack of definitive state- ments and the demanding of important decisions without full knowledge of the law, created a real need for qualified draft counsellors on campus. The story of the counselling center and some of the diffi- culties that it encountered is told below by one of the counsellors. Prompted by a conviction that thinking people are somewhat embittered by the imposition of a government ' s power to channel their lives into an appropriate slot affording the national interest, gross national product, standard of living, or military manpower supply, a few Notre Dame students de- cided in October to help supply a draft counseling service on campus. The need for such a service grew as the year progressed : for the first time in Selective Service ' s history, students were obligated to ask for their II-S student deferment. Although the Military Selective Service Act of June 1967 provided auto- matic student deferments (now requiring the stu- dent ' s signature) , the effect of forcing a student to " hereby request that I be granted an undergraduate student deferment in Class II-S " made it seem that the government (Selective Service) was doing stu- dents a grand favor in granting, out of kindness, this " gift " deferment. Thus, in a strange way, this request (constructed like a contract) prompted stu- dents to reflect about their " obligation or duty " to return the favor, to serve their country . . . and how. Another way the Selective Service seemed to fall down in giving students the whole story in regards to accepting this " new " student deferment : by ask- ing for a II-S after June 30, 1967 a student was thereby forfeiting forever his right to a mandatory (if the wife, mistress, etc. is with child) Father- hood (III-A) deferment. The counseling service was pleased to announce this neglect-to-relate-the-whole- story by Selective Service, and was happy to obtain deferment for newlyweds. As time grew close for seniors to try to decide how they were to go to grad school, to decide wheth- er they could or should stay out of the military, and at the same time as the Viet Nam war grew, the need for a bigger and better counseling service emerged. The Notre Dame Psychological Counseling Service, staffed by psychiatrists, educators and psy- chologists, provided group counseling sessions to explore the many difficulties of becoming a conscien- tious objector. Fr. David Burrell circulated a letter signed by many resident priests who stated their readiness, willingness, and deep obligation toward anyone who needed personal, individual counseling regarding the morality of war, of this war, of serv- ing in any and all capacities for God, country and Notre Dame. The statement which pointed out " the gap between national policy and personal decision, " offered " to assist fellow Christians in forming a conscience . . . through not advice by counsel " was printed in the Scholastic. As the Spring arrived, it became necessary to hold bi-weekly Information Afternoons especially to help seniors question their responsibilities and provide concrete plans. Far from peace began to settle about those under- graduates who had been expecting a mandatory graduate school deferment. The February 16 Selec- tive Service announcement limiting graduate defer- ments to those in medical fields, those already in grad school for two years, or ROTC members put many who had planned on grad school in anxiety. Counselors slightly quelled the turmoil by reminding those who wanted to know that anyone who loses a II-S by graduating and who thus gains a I-A is entitled to appealing for their rightful prerogative to a personal appearance, a state appeal, and a Presidential appeal, this appeal procedure lasting a minimum of three months. In that period, seniors who were reluctant to serve immediately as soldiers, who were no longer guaranteed either a Peace Corps, teaching, or graduate school deferment could give themselves time to either think more about Conscien- tious Objection, to obtain a teaching position in an inner city area which would give them a year-long deferment, to continue appealing for other defer- ments, to join the Services, to resist altogether, or to " take off " to Canada. ned alien buchbinder Above, Dr. Benjamin Spock is led by police from New York ' s White- hall induction center after being arrested in connection with a mass anti-draft demonstration last December. Spock, a pacifist and leader of antiwar demonstrators, was arrested along with more than 200 during the day. Tlie University and the studen body each must clearly define its individual goals and its position in relation to one another. " The time has come, " the walrus said, " To talk of many things : Of ships and shoes and sealing wax Of cabbages and kings And why the sea is boiling hot And whether pigs have wings. " Through the Looking Glass LEWIS CARROLL Like Carroll ' s walrus, the time has come for the uni versity and the student body to talk of many things Specifically, each must decide what path it will pur sue during the last third of the twentieth centurj To maintain the growth of the past fifteen years each must clearly define its individual goals and it position in relation to one another. For the university, definition is easy; its goal and its relation to the students have evolved ove its 125-year life span. Essentially, the universit: will continue as an all-male, residence universit: with a resident student body. Its masculinity wil be tempered by closer association with St. Mary ' and possibly other girls ' schools, but a coed Notri Dame is not immediately forseeable. Notre Dami will attempt to introduce an ethnic and economii mix into the student body with the more than foui million dollars in financial aid available next year Graduate enrollment will level at 2,000 and the grad uate school will expand to almost all Ph.D. programs but the undergraduate education of students will re main as Notre Dame ' s primary academic focus. Am the University, after a long history of paternalism now recognizes students as individuals who deserv( a voice in determining how they are to be educatec and how they will live in the college community. For the student body, definition is not so easy it has only a lackluster tradition to draw upon. Up until the last few years, the administration has ruled in loco parentis, allowing students little freedom in determining their lives at the university and even less freedom in running them. But this has changed with the administration ' s recognition of their basic rights. The students now realize that they can be a determining force in the governance of the univer- sity and fully intend to take advantage of this power. Already " student power " and " student self-govern- ment " have become the watchwords of next year ' s student government. Undoubtedly, the student will have a rrfuch stronger voice in university affairs in the immediate future. But the student body lacks one thing: a definite idea of how they must shape this power and in what direction they can most profitably channel it. This lack of direction is not entirely their fault; never before have they had such power at Notre Dame. The university ' s development and progress through the years has been due to the administration ' s initia- tive, not to the students ' prodding. But if students are to grasp the opportunity which now exists, they must formulate a workable plan. The future of the university, then, rests in the students. The administration has chosen and clearly defined its path. It is a safe path but possibly a not very exciting one. The students on the other hand must still choose theirs, and only two exist: they can work with the administration to develop Notre Dame into Father Hesburgh ' s great Catholic uni- versity or they can selfishly oppose the administra- tion in display of their own power and possibly undo the progress of 125 years. In either event, it seems that the time has come to decide. The development of the student body will shape the future of Notre Dame. Jerry Murphy Jerry Murphy The University ' s climate and its relation to its students has evolved over its 125 year lifespan. I 21 The development of the student body will shape the future of Notre Dame. Jerry Murphy Jerry Murphy The University ' s climate and its relation to its students has evolved over its 125 year lifespan. t ' " ff ' W ?- I - " - : . i ....... I 21 22 ACADEMICS: Development outside the classroom. Two of the most important developments in aca- demics at Notre Dame in 1968 occurred outside the classroom. The birth of both the Free University and the Faculty Senate can lead to remarkable ad- vances in the university ' s academic life, giving greater responsibility to the two most important components of the educational process, the student and the teacher. Started during the first semester, the Free University was successful enough to merit an in- crease in courses offered from six to sixteen, tripling enrollment to 525 students. " Cooking and Bar- tending " pr oved to be so popular that the waiting list far outnumbered the participants. Four of the courses offered in the first semester were continued in the second semester, including Mr. Peter Michelson ' s media course, which centered on discussions of the current movements within the underground cinema and news media, and a course in mysticism conducted by Professor Ken Lux of the Indiana University Extension department of psychology. The Marxism course offered jointly by Professors Bogle and Soens was a continuation of the contemporary revolutionary theory course offered during the first semester. At meetings held in Professor Bogle ' s home, the discussions centered on the classic Marxist doctrine and its relevance and use by modern revolutionaries. A seminar in recent American radicalism was one of the courses that debuted during the second semester. Under the direction of Lenny Joyce, the discussions followed whatever direction the mem- bers chose, with the concepts underlying such move- ments and leaders as Black Power, the New Left, Malcolm X, C. Wright Mills, and Che Guevara as a basis. Other new courses involved the stock market, an introduction to the market ' s operation offered by a representative of Bache and Co., and contemporary education, an examination of the trends of modern education with an emphasis on the university level, offered by Professor Hassenger. The courses of the Free University were offered without either grades or credit. This fresh approach to education creates a more intimate participation by the individual in his education, placing the responsibility for adequate preparation and partici- pation squarely with the student. The best descrip- tion of the Free University can be found in its catalog for the spring semester. " The Free Uni- versity exists to create an atmosphere in which students, by setting up their own courses outside the curriculum, may learn to accept responsibility for gaining the knowledge relevant to their personal 23 24 roles in contemporary societ y, and to develop in- dividual sets of values with which to assess their growth as human beings. " The Free University can open new areas for study which have been avoided by university curric- ulum. By retaining the small and informal seminar format used thus far, the Free University can be an excellent complement to the regular curriculum. Rivaling the creation of the Free University in importance to the academic community of the uni- versity in 1968 was the birth of the Faculty Senate. The Senate is divided into three standing com- mittees, Faculty Affairs, the Administration of the University, and Student Affairs, with each Senate member being assigned to one of these committees by the Chairman of the Senate, Professor Edward J. Murphy of the Law School. The Executive Com- mittee, composed of the chairman, vice-chairman, secretary, and treasurer of the Senate and the chairmen of the three standing committees, is re- sponsible for the administration of its activities. Designed primarily as a means of expressing faculty opinion on the important academic m atters of the university, the function of the Faculty Senate is primarily evaluation and recommendation. At the first meeting Father Hesburgh outlined some of the areas that might be examined by the Senate. These included such areas as faculty-student relations, the grading system, the academic calen- dar, the freshman year program, the foreign study programs, and the co-ex program. Professor Mur- phy emphasized that, " the Faculty Senate is fully autonomous from the administration, and we are free to consider those areas that we feel are most important. " The administration does hope that they will not become bogged down in money matters. Two areas are already under Senate considera- tion. The first of these is the academic calendar, with the feasibility of adapting a trimester calendar being examined. The other is the cut system, long under fire from both students and faculty. " In the past the students have acted without any unity or planning whenever they approached the administration with a proposal, " observed Professor Murphy. " The recent General Assembly of Students is a vast improvement, and it will cause the ad- ministration to stop and listen to what the stu- dents have to say. The Senate has acted similarly for the faculty. " With a year of work behind it, the Faculty Senate will get stronger and more efficient. Already many of the areas suggested have been closely examined, the co-ex program and the grading system in par- ticular. " Added to the greater student respon- sibility, " concluded Professor Murphy, " the Faculty Senate can lead to academic excellence. " To reinforce his prophecy one need only have attended the Sen- ate ' s third meeting it was picketed by Lenny Joyce. That indicates a vast potential for the Senate. The General Assembly of Students caused the Administration to stop and listen to the students; the Senate has acted similarly for the faculty. 25 Rev. Theodore M. Hesburgh, President of the University, gave what he considers " the most im- portant speech of my life " on December 8 at the formal observation of the 125th anniversary of Notre Dame. In that speech, Fr. Hesburgh described his vision of the great Catholic University. The speech unified the many aspects of development at Notre Dame both in the 125 years of its existence, and in the 16 years of Fr. Hesburgh ' s presidency. " There has not been in recent centuries, " Hes- burgh begins, " a truly great Catholic university. " He goes on to parallel the period of the Middle Ages universities and conditions today, noting the changes in the world and the university itself. Hes- ADMINISTRATION: " A great Catholic university must begin by being a great university that is also Catholic. " burgh ' s rationale for the existence of the Church at the university is based upon his argument that the university " is not the Church teaching, but a place the only place in which Catholics and others on the highest level of intellectual inquiry, seek out the relevance of the Christian message to all of the problems and opportunities that face modern man and his complex world. " " A great Catholic university must begin by being a great university that is also Catholic, " Hesburgh continues, " where all the relevant questions are asked and where answers are elaborated in an atmosphere of freedom . . . where both faculty and students together are seized by a deep compassion for the anguishes of mankind in our day. " He views the role of theology and philosophy as central, both as themselves and as an aid in movement from the limitations of specialization to a " field of vision in the total landscape of God and man and the universe. " Fr. Hesburgh sees that the Notre Dame of the future must be " all that a university requires and something more " in the years ahead. It must be, he notes, based on a kind of faith, both as that which " sets the mind of man soaring beyond intelligence " and that which is " expression of belief that will be relevant to the uneasy mind of modern man. " Fr. Hesburgh ends his speech with a realization that in the achievement of the great Catholic university, " we must be ourselves at Notre Dame, and, hope- fully, being ourselves will mean that we may add something to the total strength of the great endeavor of the higher learning in our total world. " But 1968 marks more than the formal end of 125 years of growth for Notre Dame. It marks the begin- ning of the end of the long physical development of the University under Fr. Hesburgh. The comple- tion of SUMMA, the $52 million development pro- gram, will mark the end of the physical needs of the university for a projected ten years. The realiza- tion of the physical greatness of Notre Dame is a very real dream underlying Fr. Hesburgh ' s dream of the great Catholic university. He has been a builder, expanding the physical plant of the uni- versity by nearly $65 million since he became presi- dent in 1952. Currently, he would like to see the completion of the four new high-rise dormitories, a new engineering building, and the remaining three-fourths of the Life Sciences Center. But most of these projects have been paid by SUMMA. Fr. Hesburgh is looking beyond buildings. He points to an important new statistic that reveals much about the new emphasis: next year, 51 percent of all students will be on scholarship as- sistance of many kinds, averaging $1000. He wants current enrollment to stabilize at 6000, and notes an important jump in the quality of applicants, signify- ing the " topping off " of each class with 1500 stu- dents of high quality. The graduate school will reach a total of 1500 students in a few years when all stu- dents will be in doctoral programs. Fr. Hesburgh ' s vision of the Notre Dame of the future is a very residential one. " Notre Dame is the only residential Catholic university of any stature in the country, " he feels. " The advantages involved 26 accessibility to teachers, lectures, the library, and the cohesion of the student body far outweigh any disadvantages. " Those disadvantages notably, the lack of any new residence facilities in the last 11 years are significant, Fr. Hesburgh admits, but unavoidable due to a lack of benefactors and funds to build new dormitories. He is pessimistic about any major change in the few remaining rules of conduct at the University. He is quite morally concerned about the " girls in student rooms " question, and says that " most of the college presidents I have talked to are sorry they ever let parietal hours begin in the first place. The only way to avoid the problem is to never let it get started. " Fr. Hesburgh regards the drinking rule as complicated by Indiana state law, and the prohibition of cars for on-campus students as the result of a very acute parking problem. As far as the " right to self government " passed by the Stu- dent Assembly early in February, he remarks that " students probably have more freedom just as stu- dents than they will at any other time in their lives. " Fr. Hesburgh is strongly in support of stu- dent involvement in service programs, and would like to see some way each person could give up a year of his life in a Peace Corps-like program without fear of being drafted. More realistically, Fr. Hesburgh is willing to allow University credit for social work projects done outside the University. Rev. Theodore Hesburgh, C.S.C., spent the year as a typical university president : as a fund raiser, throughout the country for SUMMA ; as committee member, in countless trips to Washington for the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Carnegie Study of Higher Education, the Rockefeller Founda- tion ; and as organizer of the Jerusalem Ecumenical Institute for Pope Paul. As President of Notre Dame, he this year made his influence seem some- how larger: in countless hours with students, both at public lectures and in private discussion, he made his feelings " on the issues " quite well known. If Fr. Hesburgh has a dream of Notre Dame as the first great Catholic university, he is working very hard to make that dream a reality. Rev. Theodore M. Hesburgh, C.S.C., President of the University. Student leaders must represent in a mature, responsible manner; they must be intellectual leaders, not those interested in politics for the sake of politics. Above, Father Charles I. McCarragher, C.S.C., Vice-President for Student Affairs, is involved directly or indirectly with almost every facet of student activities. As Executive Vice-President of the University, Father Edmund P. Joyce, C.S.C., opposite, above, has found it necessary to share his campus responsibilities with a demanding schedule on the SUMMA program. Opposite, below, Rev. Daniel J. O ' Neil, C.S.C., Assistant Vice-President for Student Affairs and rector of Walsh Hall is also responsible for the enrollment and success of Notre Dame ' s foreign students. As Vice-President for Student Affairs, Charles I. McCarragher, C.S.C., is the students ' favorite target for any and all complaints about the university. If the ASP loses, McCarragher defeated it. And if the Scholastic skips an issue, McCarragher censored it. None of this bothers him especially: students need a whipping boy. However, " it does get rather tiring. " To attempt to list and define all of Fr. McCar- ragher ' s activities would be futile; they encompass almost all phases of student life at the university. He oversees the religious life of the students and related departments, facilities for student activities, student organizations, and extra-curricular organizations. All of this leaves Fr. McCarragher with little free time and a lot of headaches. However, he probably meets and knows more students than any other ad- ministrator in the university. One of the chief aims of Fr. McCarragher ' s office is communications between the administration and the student body. The main channel for this com- munication is Student Government. Fr. McCar- ragher is not officially related to Student Govern- ment but is nevertheless intimately connected with it. " I ' d say that probably 50 percent of my day is devoted to working with Student Government. " Father believes that this year ' s Student Government has been much more efficient and accomplished more than those of previous years, principally because of the Student Union. " Lack of continuity has always hindered Student Government. The establishment of the Student Union has partially solved this problem. It has also allowed Student Government to branch out and reach a far greater number of students than ever before. " During most of the year, Fr. McCarragher has had to work with a new factor among the student body the student power advocates. While workable proposals were few in coming, Fr. McCarragher em- phasized that the university is willing to let students govern in areas where they are qualified and re- sponsible : hall life and social life, for example. However, when students " attempt to take over juris- diction in areas where they are simply unqualified to work determining faculty salaries or course con- tent the administration and the students must clash. " But Fr. McCarragher does say that the stu- dents should always feel free to offer advice and opinion ; it is in co-operation with the students that the University can best serve the student body. SUMMA has created a myriad of additional duties for the office of Rev. Edmund P. Joyce, C.S.C., Executive Vice President. As treasurer of the uni- versity, Father Joyce is concerned with the financial strength of Notre Dame, which is the goal of SUMMA ' s thrust. Besides his involvement in finan- cial affairs, Father Joyce, a C.P.A., is acting presi- dent during Father Hesburgh ' s absences. SUMMA will be the last capital gift campaign for the next decade. Almost three-fourths of the 52 million dollar goal has been pledged. S UMMA is distinguished from ordinary money-raising efforts: its momentum and effects are more far-ranging, using alumni participation and support. Most of the funds are for specified areas, as the University desig- nates. Twenty million dollars will be allocated for endowed professorships. Lesser sums will help fund construction of the new tower dorms, the Life Sciences Center, the engineering building and the Institute for Higher Religious Studies. Father Joyce has been instrumental in the organization of the SUMMA program. Traveling and alumni meetings for SUMMA have created a demanding schedule for Father Joyce this year. He notes that alumni are actively concerned with present students and student opinion. " Alumni awareness of all facets of the university is wide- spread, " he stated. " Together with their interest in academic growth they are concerned with the main- tenance of spiritual values on campus. They cherish Notre Dame for the strengthening of their own faith. " The spirit and traditions of Notre Dame which are valued by alumni account for their inter- est in the present students. On the subject of student government, Father Joyce sees its growth through responsible hands. " Its leaders must represent the student body in a mature and responsible manner. It must have intel- lectual leaders, not those interested in politics for the sake of politics. " A man who sees Notre Dame in larger spans of time than a year, Father Joyce is looking ahead to a remarkable, constantly improving future. Al- though there has been an increase in the govern- ment defense budget, Notre Dame has not yet been affected with a decrease in government grants. Despite the decrease in National Defense Loan pro- grams, the University received a three-million dollar loan for the proposed tower dormitories. 29 Association with, any women ' s college should allow students a free choice of courses, make use of a common faculty, but keep administrations separate. 30 Dr. George N. Shuster devotes most of his time to his duties as Director of the Center for the Study of Man in Contemporary Society and as member of the Board of Trustees of the University. Dr. Shuster is also Assistant to the President and confides that " Father Hesburgh and I still speak to each other. " " The structure of the Center for the Study of Man is interdisciplinary, " Dr. Shuster says. " It was not designed to be completely divorced from the uni- versity ; rather it is meant to be a rallying point for faculty research. " The Center assists in formulating projects and marketing them; the principal areas of advice concern research opportunities and grants-in- aid. The only University financing provided is the salaries of the director and his secretary ; otherwise, all financing comes from grants by the federal gov- ernment, foundations, and other private sources. Fourteen books and numerous articles and reports have come from the research done by the Center since its founding in 1960. Usually faculty members initiate their own programs, but occasionally re- quests for research come from outside the univer- sity. Recently the Priests ' Association of Chicago asked the Center to conduct a survey of parishes and schools in the inner city. The Center occasionally provides funds for specific projects; for example, it bought a Tudor sabre for Dr. A. L. Soens, a mem- ber of the English department and an authority on fencing in Shakespeare ' s plays. Dr. Shuster, a 1915 graduate of Notre Dame, was formerly president of Hunter College in New York, a college once having ten thousand matriculating women students. Consequently, he has been deeply involved in the current courtship between Notre Dame and Saint Mary ' s. Dr. Shuster feels that " the two schools should use Columbia and Barnard as their model for association: allow students free choice of courses at either school, locate the research library and the main part of the undergraduate col- lection at Notre Dame, use a common faculty, but keep the two administrations separate. " The only objection to implementing this plan immediately is the current inequality of the faculties. However, Dr. Shuster feels that if Notre Dame can channel enough competent women graduate students into the St. Mary ' s faculty, this problem will easily be solved. " As a realistic projection, I would say that in twelve years we can have faculty parity. " Dr. Shuster foresees that within the next 20 years, Notre Dame will be ringed by women ' s colleges. A separate college for girls, while offering some voca- tional training not available at most men ' s colleges, is becoming more difficult to keep alive. Most women ' s colleges do not have the money or facilities to attract top-notch students or faculty members. An easy solution to their problem is relocating near a major university and borrowing from it. In Notre Dame ' s case, these colleges ' major contribution would be in changing the present social atmosphere which Dr. Shuster describes as " most undesirable. " Opposite, above, Dr. George N. Shuster, Assistant to the President and Director of the Center for the Study of Man in Contemporary Society. Dr. Shuster, who has been one of the prime forces behind the association of Notre Dame and St. Mary ' s, feels that within the next twenty years, several women ' s colleges may move near Notre Dame. Below, Dr. Thomas E. Stewart, Associate Vice-President for Academic Affairs. Above, James W. Frick, Vice-President for Public Relations and Development, has headed the SUMMA drive which this year received over 35 million dollars in pledges. 31 Dr. Frederick D. Rossini, who from 1960 was dean of the College of Science, last September took office as Notre Dame ' s first Vice President for Research and Sponsored Programs. In his new office, Dr. Ros- sini is concerned with the long range planning and development of research programs within the uni- versity and with assisting faculty and staff members in obtaining backing for individual projects. Dr. Rossini says that most research programs at the University are financed by grants rather than by outright contracts. Of the 183 research grants cur- rently in force here, 64 per cent are government sponsored while 36 per cent come from private sources. 81 per cent of the research grants are in science and engineering and only 19 per cent are in the humanities and the social sciences. " While the figure for the percentage of humanities projects is not very encouraging in itself, " says Dr. Rossini, " it nevertheless is very significant when compared to the situation of two years ago. " At that time there was no government support for the humani- ties. Now funds are available from the recently chartered National Foundation for the Arts and Humanities, and the National Science Foundation, the most important source of technical grants, is also channeling part of its resources into quantita- tive research in the social sciences. In addition, there are two bills in Congress which would greatly in- crease the amount of money available for research in the social sciences. Dr. Rossini acknowledges that there has been a " tightening of the belt " in the total amount of money available from the government. He does not attribute this to any single cause, but does say that next year ' s outlook should be somewhat better. Where the cutback has hurt Notre Dame is in the small projects proposed by individual faculty mem- bers. " Previously we had little trouble obtaining grants for these small projects. Now it is much more difficult to obtain government money for them. " Dr. Rossini says that " the chief function of Notre Dame is the education of undergraduates. The grad- uate research is necessary for the faculty to keep up-to-date in their disciplines. Therefore, all re- search done at the university should have some re- lation to graduate and undergraduate education. For this reason, no one on campus should engage in classified research except in times of national emergency that is, programs where there are no publications and which are accessible only to privileged individuals. " Dr. Rossini also thinks that Notre Dame students are becoming increasingly in- terested in research. He points to the percentage of students going to graduate school as one proof of this. Also, undergraduates in several departments in science and engineering have been for some years engaging in research most of them for aca- demic credit. Some are working under a grant re- ceived from the National Science Foundation while others are assisting faculty members in their pri- vately funded programs. Even with his new job and increased responsi- bilities, Dr. Rossini continues his scientific work. " Actually, I haven ' t been very active in the labora- tory since I left Carnegie Tech in 1960. When I was appointed head of the chemistry department there in 1950, I moved six vans full of laboratory equip- ment and six associates from the National Bureau of Standards in Washington to Pittsburgh. When I came to Notre Dame, I simply couldn ' t face moving the entire laboratory again. So since then I ' ve con- fined myself to writing and have published 25 arti- cles in the last seven years. " Dr. Rossini is also active in national and international societies; at present he is chairman of the Office of Data for Science and Technology for the National Research Council and president until 1971 of the World Petro- leum Congresses. The 35 academic departments of the University are under the coordination of Rev. John E. Walsh, C.S.C., Vice President for Academic Affairs. In his third year in office, Fr. Walsh has been involved with the planning and development of new programs and committees for academic affairs. Several of these programs are now seeking funds through the current SUMMA development drive. One of the most important committees is the Academic Council, of which Fr. Hesburgh is chair- man and with which Fr. Walsh works closely. The council will decide, for example, exactly how and to whom the 40 new endowed chairs will be distributed. Since $20 million of the $52 million of SUMMA had been alloted for these permanently endowed chairs, Fr. Walsh considers this to represent an exciting advance at the University. While the endowed chairs are not intended primarily as a way of bringing in professors from outside, they will not, on the other hand, be limited to current faculty. The distribution, Father says, " will depend on the present faculty and the needs of each college. " The Academic Council has also been giving con- sideration to a separate school of Theology at Notre Dame. This school would then be made up of several component elements including the Ecumenical Insti- tute in Jerusalem and possibly the C.S.C. theologate presently at Washington, B.C. The theologate, which might be enlarged to offer education for the priest- hood to various other orders and to dioceses, would place special emphasis on liturgy and perhaps pas- toral theology, but in a total university setting. Father is most concerned that such a school would not become separate from the University, and that it both thrive on and add to the " theological aware- ness " at Notre Dame. " The theologians would have to keep in touch with the historians, psychologists, sociologists, and other scholars of the University society. " Father Walsh is encouraged by the attitude of the Faculty Senate. " Many of the advances in edu- cational policy and curriculum reform should origi- nate here, " he notes. Though the relationship be- tween his office and the senate is " cordial " he em- phasizes that the senate was intended to be a non- administrative group : " Except for their first meet- ing at which Fr. Hesburgh spoke, no member of the administration has appeared before the group. " Father sees the senate as functioning best in mak- ing recommendations to the Academic Council. Father Walsh has been especially interested in the Sophomore Year Abroad Program. Last fall, he visited Sophia University in Tokyo, Japan, where 11 students have started the latest branch of the pro- gram which includes Innsbruck and Angers. He notes the " gradual elimination " of difficulties in set- ting up the cultural interchange programs even in so different a culture as Japan ' s. One new study which would necessarily involve the faculty is a calendar reform plan in which the calendar for each student would be determined by the courses he was taking instead of the arbitrary semester now set for the entire university. " Thus, a semester of elementary calculus would not neces- sarily be equivalent in time to a semester of English literature. The semester would be tailored to the requirements of their course rather than the other way around. " Father Walsh sees no new departments in the immediate future ; new programs would come under existing departments. This " moratorium " on the number of departments involves " an emphasis on developing the depth and quality of each depart- ment. " All research done at the University should have some relation to graduate and undergraduate education. Opposite, Dr. Frederick D. Rossini, Notre Dame ' s first Vice Presi- dent for Research and Sponsored Programs, was formerly dean of the College of Science, head of the department of chemistry at Carnegie Institute, and associated with the National Bureau of Standards. He is a renown thermodynamicist and petroleum chemist. Above, Rev. John E. Walsh, Vice President for Academic Affairs, taught a section of Collegiate Seminar this year in addition to performing his regular administrative duties. 33 For the administration, it has been a busy year as responsibility for the SUMMA program was added to the day-to-day activities. 34 Far left, Leo M. Corbaci, Assistant Vice President for Aca- demic Affairs and University Registrar; left, Rev. Jerome J. Wilson, C.S.C., Vice President for Business Affairs; above, James D. Cooney, Secretary of the Alumni Association; right, Rev. Paul G. Wendel, C.S.C., Assistant Vice President for Business Affairs. 35 The abolition of most rules have reduced the responsibility of the Dean of Students Office from regulation for restriction to regulation simply for order. Above, Brother Raphael Wilson, Director of Admissions, was for- merly a member of the department of microbiology. Opposite, Above, Father James Fey, Dean of Students, feels that it is the students ' responsibility to initiate changes in hall life. Below, Father Joseph Fey, University Chaplain, has for the past four years, been superior at St. Joseph Hall. One of the problems the University ' s Admissions Office frequently encounters is the " second choice " image. High school counselors advise many of their top students to apply first to schools like Princeton, M.I.T., or Berkeley for engineering or the sciences. It is the task of Brother Raphael Wilson, C.S.C., Direc- tor of Admissions, to see that these students find out that Notre Dame is more than a good liberal arts college. The university ' s admissions standards contin ue to grow higher. From 5,000 applications, Notre Dame selects approximately 1,500. There is a notable dif- ference between this year ' s seniors and freshmen: ten per cent of the freshmen were first or second in their high school classes ; the average college board scores were 1200 ; more freshmen received advance placement credit than any other previous year. " Our job is to let the students know what Notre Dame is all about, " Brother Wilson commented. About fifty per cent of this year ' s freshmen came for interviews which he says, " are not screening sessions, but a chance to let the boy see Notre Dame first-hand. It is up to the student who qualifies to pick us. " The university abandoned the policy of alumni interviewing in favor of these campus visits. Brother Wilson has discontinued the early de- cision program. " It was self-defeating ; only top stu- dents were eligible for both early decision and schol- arships. We could accept a boy under the early de- cision program, in October, for example, but couldn ' t tell him whether or not he would receive a scholar- ship until March or April. " Brother Wilson ' s job is public relations: Notre Dame must be projected to interested high school students and their advisors. The Admissions Office wants to portray the university as it really is and let the student decide if he wants to come. Notre Dame still bears the all-American boy image. More than that, however, it must further its image as the first-rate university it is, and " let students of highest caliber and ability know that their fields are at Notre Dame. " As Dean of Students this year, Rev. James L. Riehle, C.S.C., has been faced with the administra- tion of the few remaining rules and handling the disciplinary cases in conjunction with the Hall Judi- cial Boards. The most important development in the administration of discipline, Father Riehle believes, is the new committee of three rectors, three ad- ministrators, three faculty members, and five stu- dent leaders which meet every two weeks to discuss anything under student affairs. Most discussion this year has revolved around the remaining rules. Father Riehle played an important role in grant- ing permission for all second semester seniors to have cars. He emphasizes, however, the " trial " aspect of this rule change. Father Riehle doubts whether there will be any extension of the per- mission until more paved parking areas are created. Despite the fact that only about 125 seniors have 36 registered cars, the combination of organizational cars and more than 1100 off -campus student cars has made a real parking problem for the existing space. The fine for illegal parking was raised after the first semester to $10.00, and anyone who tries to get a space after 10 A.M. on weekdays usually must park somewhere in Green Field. Father Riehle sees no change on the University rule about drinking in the halls. Despite the fact that he is aware of some violations of the rule, an official change would be in conflict with the In- diana state law prohibiting possession of alcoholic beverages by minors. Father Riehle emphasizes the fact that neither he, nor the security police, nor the rectors, are " out to catch " violators. Nonetheless, his office deals with open violations of the rules. Father Riehle was rector of Sorin Hall last year and finds that as Dean of Students, he has less con- tact with students than he did as rector. His job this year has been difficult, multiplied by the easing of the automobile restrictions and the tightening of the campus-wide ban on parietal hours. Father Riehle would like to see more lounges in the halls and better entertainment facilities on campus, but he feels this is the students ' responsibility. The rules, he believes, have reduced the responsibility of the Dean of Students Office from regulation for restriction to regulation simply for order. It is now up to the students to build upon this order instead of struggling for illusory " Student Power, " he believes. In his first year as University Chaplain, Father Joseph H. Fey, C.S.C., initiated a campaign to estab- lish closer contacts between the students and his office. Throughout the year, Father Fey and his three assistant chaplains visited each room on campus, and according to him, this program was a great success. " The students seemed to enjoy our visits as much as we did meeting them. They were usually quite willing to discuss their ideas. I think we both learned a lot. " During the year, Father has noted a number of changes in student attitudes toward religion. " They now emphasize living their religion. Students are willing to act on their beliefs. " He rejects those arguments which suggest that the students are dis- satisfied with their religious experiences on campus. He feels that halls where a creative liturgy appears to be lacking are exceptions to the rule. " For every such hall, there is a Dillon or a Morr issey where stu- dents can participate meaningfully in their own liturgy. " Father believes that religion remains a vital force throughout the campus. " Some students do look for substitutes, such as the new philosophies, but these boys remain a minority. The vast majority of them are satisfied with their religion. " He be- lieves that the " increasing permissiveness of society and even the Church during the past few years will eventually affect our youth which may result in their reaction against this spirit. " 37 ARTS AND LETTERS: DEAN The college is a group of in- dividualistic students and professors. Right, Father Charles E. Sheedy, dean of the College of Arts and Letters, is in for favor of a pass-fail system in some courses, but only if students are previously given the option of receiving a regu- lar grade. Above, the University has over 1,000 pieces in its per- manent art collection, but the small gallery space in O ' Shaughnessy Hall limits their display. " The university is like a large city, " says Dean Charles E. Sheedy. " The areas of opportunity are vast and almost unlimited. Yet so are the chances for conflict, especially since Arts and Letters is a commingling of individualistic people, both faculty and students. Some of these get the breaks, and some get rooked. " The dean has little choice in picking his students, but every year he must oversee the hiring of new professors who will combine intellectual competence and teaching ability. " It is rather easy, " says Father Sheedy, " to make a mistake and to hire a person whose individualistic traits tend to hinder the edu- cational commingling in Arts and Letters. " Each department has contacts in graduate schools throughout the country. " One disadvantage in hiring arts and letters faculty members with no previous teaching experience is that their credentials are based solely on the knowledge of their performance as graduate students. We usually know little about their teaching ability. " At Notre Dame, with the general English, theol- ogy, and philosophy requirements in all four col- leges, the problem of the service course, which is taught by a particular department to all students, is magnified. Father Sheedy believes that a con- centrated effort should be made to eliminate medioc- rity at both the faculty and student ends of these courses. The basic problem is the sheer numbers of students who must take a course. " If the faculty is good and the offerings are diverse enough to allow the students sufficient options in course selec- tion, " says Father Sheedy, " We can easily over- come antipathy toward the service course. " In higher level courses, there is no large-scale honors program. The Collegiate Scholars, who spend senior year in a specific area of directed research or creative writing, and the students under the Committee on Academic Progress, number only a little more than five percent of all arts and letters undergraduates. But Father Sheedy sees no need for expansion, and feels that an " honors " program should be no more than a freedom in course selec- tion. The college offers three foreign study pro- grams that complement the arts and letters curri- culum, at Innsbruck, Angers, and Tokyo. The col- lege is contemplating adding a fourth, Taiwan, and sends two juniors each year around the world in the Princeton-sponsored International Honors Program. In comparing colleges across the country, Father Sheedy finds the fellowships won by the students a good standard. " In Danforth grants, " says Father Sheedy, " we are the best in the nation, with the possible exception of Harvard, and do as well as anyone else in the competition for Wilson and Ful- bright scholars. " 38 39 The College of Arts and Letters, while not adding new departments, is expanding its interdisciplinary studies. Two of the programs are in government and theology. The College of Arts and Letters has seen a trend, of late, towards greater inter-disciplinary coopera- tion. A good example of this trend is the Area Studies Program, coordinated by the department of government and international studies. The purpose of these programs is the integration of courses in language, literature, politics, philosophy, economics, and sociology for a particular cultural or geographic area. The past year saw the addition of a fourth of these programs, a sequence in African studies, to the already existing sequences in Soviet and Eastern European studies, Western European studies, and Latin American studies. The popularity of these pro- grams has precipitated the possible addition of a fifth sequence, Asian studies, in the fall of 1968. The student who is involved in such a program need not be a government major. He can major in any related area. He must, however, in his Senior Essay relate his area studies to his own major discipline. The department of theology has been involved in inter-disciplinary studies of a different sort. A co- operative program with the University of Chicago, started this past year with the establishment of a common library for the two schools, will soon lead to an actual exchange of classes. Father Albert Schlitzer, chairman of the department, believes that students from Chicago will probably come here for liturgy courses, since Notre Dame is a specialist in this area. Such cooperation could lead to an exten- sive exchange program between Notre Dame and the University of Chicago. Regarding its own development, the theology de- partment has attempted to achieve modernity and to answer many of the student ' s questions concerning the relevance of religion to the modern world, with- out being either a catechism class or a simple solu- tion to the faith question. The addition of courses in Hebrew literature and the religion of Islam represent attempts at broadening the scope of the department, however, at present these courses exist as electives reserved primarily for Dean ' s List stu- dents. The university requirement of four semesters of theology was challenged by a proposal of the recent Student General Assembly, which petitioned the university to lower this to a two semester requirement. It appears that the theology program needs some reevaluation in light of this pro- posal, but merely lowering the theology require- ment will not solve the problem. It will require a greater amount of freedom for students in regard to course selection. 40 ters, x pera- ' Area lent of urpose rses in lomics, raphic irtliof ies, to astern s, and sepro- lof a 8. The ednot elated relate wl in Aco- licago, tofa s that re for list in exten- ndthe Opposite, above, A. Robert Caponigri, professor of philosophy, after a class in his " Contemporary Catholic Thought " course. Above, a language lab in O ' Shaughnessey. The col lege requires ten credits of a modern language in the sophomore year. ernmg ,with- esolu- ourses Islam of the sexist ststu- jesters of the itioned jnester fogram s pro- equire- miire a 41 Above, and right, art studios and practice rooms are an important part of the fine arts section of O ' Shaughnessy Hall, the liberal arts building built in 1953. It also has offices for all the departments of the College of Arts and Letters, including, opposite, right, the department of modern languages and classics. Opposite, above, William M. Burke, dean of the freshman year program. " It is the normal, the longest enduring, the traditional education; and it remains the right and proper, indeed the truly useful, education of a person and a citizen. " -University Bulletin 43 The freshman Humanities offers an inter-disciplinary program replacing English, philosophy, and theology. greater amount of freedom for students in regard to course selection. The best example of inter-disciplinary coopera- tion during 1968 occurred in the freshman year program of the College of Arts and Letters, the com- bination of English, philosophy, and theology courses into a single humanities course. However, such a course also points to a glaring weakness that has plagued the College of Arts and Letters in the past, the lack of a readily accessible honors program. The two existing honors programs are too limited. 180 students were able to participate in the Hu- manities course. Professor Lorch, a faculty member in the program, believes that this number will be increased next year. The course entailed a great deal of reading and writing by the students, with the major works being discussed in seminars. Some of the required works included readings from Plato, Socrates, Aristotle, the Bible, the Epic of Gilga- mish, Wordsworth, and Shakespeare. Such a program can alleviate some of the unneces- sary but heretofore required courses from the pro- grams of qualified freshmen, enabling them to take advanced courses more commensurate with their abilities. In the future it is possible that similar courses may be instituted between other disciplines and beyond the freshman year, in an effort to estab- lish an honors program that would be accessible to more students. Dean Burke of the freshman year foresees " the establishment of an honors program in both history and English next year for talented freshmen. It has been lacking in the program here for too long. Hopefully it will be extended through- out all four years of the college. " ill year he con. hat has he past, IE The nited. iheHn- Bember will be at deal ith the iome of ; Plato, ffljo- nneces- he pro- to take h their similar tiplines in year rogram alented m here rough- Opposite, above, Fr. John Dunne lecturing to his philosophy of religion course. The course, better known as " Father Dunne, " has become the most popular of all theology courses offered on campus. Below, Mr. Frank O ' Malley ' s modern Catholic writers courses. Above, Sr. Suzanne Kelly lecturing to her General Program history of science course. 45 " There was one interested student, and I was on the faculty, so we called it the Student-Faculty Film Society. " Thus, the Notre Dame Film Society came into ex- istence under Dr. Donald P. Costello, Associate Professor of English. Acclaimed recently by The New York Times as one of the " great college film societies, " it is responsible for the highly successful Cinema ' 68 series, academic films, and the Oriental and French festivals. Dr. Cos- tello, a former motion picture critic for Today Magazine, has been interested in films since college. Under his influence, Notre Dame is producing many outstand- ing student films, which he explained are " non-academic, but not trivial. " " The greatest thing about Notre Dame is the students, " says Dr. Costello, who has a great rapport with his students in modern American and British fiction and American drama courses. He at- tributes this closeness to the liberalization which has taken place on campus in the last six years. " The atmosphere in the classroom now stimulates free inquiry and has given dignity to the students. " Class discussion has become more vital and ex- citing he believes. Students speak out more freely. As first lay advisor to the Scholastic five years ago, Dr. Costello was at the beginning of the movement toward excellence and freedom in student publica- tions. " If a student publication is subject to censorship and advice, it ' s not a student journal. " The change in publications and student government had a necessary im- pact at Notre Dame. " We need a serious environment for the serious people who have done such things as the I.P.P. pro- ductions, the Faulkner Seminars, and Arts Festival. " Off-campus, Dr. Costello has a frequent spot on WNDU news, giving critiques of local cultural events, concerts, and art shows. During the summers, he partic- ipates in programs at various universities teaching writing and the " art of teaching writing " to high school and college teach- ers. He has published several articles on modern American literature and The Serpent ' s Eye, a book on the cinema of George Bernard Shaw. I 46 A former bronc buster and Fulbright scholar is a member of the Notre Dame English faculty. Except for the boots that have become a trademark to his stu- dents, Dr. Adolph L. Soens has for the most part given up his cowboyhood in his professional maturity lack of time restricts such activity, and " you really have to keep up at that kind of thing. " The scholarship continues, however; Dr. Soens currently teaches Shakespeare and researches in the Shakespearian period. He is editing an edition of Philip Sydney ' s An Apology for Poetry and working on a book on the fencing in Shakespeare ' s plays. A knowledge of fencing in Elizabethan times is relevant to Shakespeare, he feels, because a mod- ern audience fails to appreciate the dra- matic effect of the swordplay in the tragedies: Romeo easily kills Tybalt, who was too inexperienced to use the difficult Spanish style of fencing. Ty- balt ' s murder of Mercutio, therefore, was almost accidental. Beyond his literary pursuits, Dr. Soens ' abiding interest is Marxist Com- munism. A bit of a Marxist himself, he finds Marxist methods of analysis useful, and hence worthwhile. He views the study of Marxism as the study of an- other language it is one valid way of expressing things. Moreover, a knowl- edge of Marxism gives some insight into what the Russians and Red Chinese are thinking ; it throws into relief the " really romantic Marxism " of the Chinese, for example. " The Chinese as theorists are mad, " Dr. Soens flatly asserts. Adolph Soens is impressed with the Notre Dame student. Notre Dame ' s image sometimes fosters the impression that the school is more or less " J. Edgar Hoover ' s cultural ideal, " he says, but he feels this is not really the case: classes, dis- cussions, and papers erase this impres- sion rather effectively. Dr. Willis D. Nutting is a student at the University of Notre Dame. He confesses that he feels a bit strange taking a salary for learning. He sits back as moderator in a Great Books seminar and allows stu- dents to teach each other and of course himself. He teaches too, sometimes. Notre Dame has its " Fr. Duck " who daily feeds the ducks and its " Fr. Flower " who has catalogued all organic growth on campus. Dr. Nutting is Notre Dame ' s " bird-and-bee man. " When General Pro- gram students gather behind Lyons Hall at 5:30 in the morning twice a year, it is Dr. Nutting leading the Annual GP Orni- thological Expedition. When he taught his classic GP Biology course one spring, more than half of the sessions were held out-of-doors. It is because of his firm belief in " getting acquainted with one ' s companion in nature " that such out of the ordinary academic routine excursions occur. He is truly a doctor of philosophy: teaching the love of it is his vocation. From a mule he has learned a very dear lesson. When this animal is tired of work- ing, he just will not budge a bit more. It is a respectable stubbornness which re- sults in a necessary laziness. The laziness allows for rest and contemplation. Dr. Nutting tells the story of an old man who spent most of his time sitting on his front porch. When someone asked him what he did he replied, " Sometimes I set and think and sometimes I just set. " " Just setting " is the contemplation which he suggests that students get restfully enthusiastic about. Dr. Nutting has done a bit more than " just setting " during his twenty years here. Other than teaching history, biology, theology, Great Books seminar, organiz- ing a chapter of the AAUP, helping found the Aquinas Bookstore in town, debating Ara Parseghian on TV over the value of athletics, teaching CCD, working for the OEO, lecturing daily at 5:00 P.M. mass at Little Flower Parish, he still claims laziness as a most treasured asset. This Rhodes Scholar, though, has no " real, serious " time for research and scholarship because he feels that as a teacher he should resemble a physician, always on 24 hour call for his students. For them, he always has time, understanding, and love. FACULTY: Donald P. Costello Adolph L. Soens Villis D. Nutting Aleksis Rubulis Ernan McMullin Ed vard A. Goerner During the early forties the Baltic States were the victims of a tug-of-war for their control by Germany and the Soviet Union. At this time the Latvian Legion was cre- ated to protect that country ' s sovereignty from the Nazi and Soviet invaders. Alexis Rubulis was mobilized into this force and fought against the communists when they invaded and ravaged Latvia. " In retro- spect it may seem to have been a futile action, " says Dr. Rubulis, " and it prob- ably was. Yet it was a reflex action sim- ilar to placing your hands above your head when the ceiling begins to collapse. You know that you probably won ' t be able to hold it off indefinitely, yet you still try. " When he first came to America, Dr. Rubulis was severely handicapped by an inability to speak English, and spent sev- eral years as an industrial worker. Yet he had majored in modern languages and law at Baltic University and the University of Madrid, and with consider- able persistence became fluent in English. " In comparison with most other languages English was not overly difficult, especially since it has almost no grammar just a great many exceptions to the rule. " Before coming to Notre Dame, he was on the faculties of Barry University and Niagara. In 1965 he came to Notre Dame, where he teaches elementary Russian, and Russian and Eastern European literature courses. Says Dr. Rubulis, " there is a great lack of material for such courses, and as a consequence not many American universities offer them. " In his leisure moments Dr. Rubulis en- joys writing. " I am fairly well-known in my native Latvia, but as yet I haven ' t been able to make too much of an inden- tation upon the American market. " He has recently completed a novel, Cause and Effect, and is now searching for a pub- lisher. Curly black hair and pleasant Irish speech belie the rigorous intellectual background of the head of the Notre Dame department of philosophy. Father Ernan McMullin graduated with degrees in physics and theology from Maynooth College, pursued courses in theoretical physics at the Dublin Institute of Ad- vanced Studies, and received a Ph.D. in philosophy from Louvain ' s Institute Su- perior de Philosophic before joining the Notre Dame faculty in 1954. While maintaining that he is unpre- pared to make an emphatic stand on the twelve-credit philosophy requirement, Father McMullin nevertheless makes certain definite points on the general value of philosophical study at the un- dergraduate level. He sees it important primarily as a useful intellectual dis- cipline, especially in a religious context, as obtained at Notre Dame. " The depart- ment is not interested particularly in pressing a particular point of view, " he asserts and points out that Thomism, for example, is only one among the many philosophical positions represented by members of the department. What is most important, then, is that students closely examine their own positions at one point in their lives at least. Philoso- phy forces people to evaluate the under- lying assumptions of their everyday thinking; it is a discipline in analytic thinking that bears significantly on one ' s intellectual, spiritual, and moral outlook. The professor-chairman ' s particular interests lie in the philosophy and his- tory of science. His concern is to em- phasize the importance of the study of the philosophy of science (which is con- cerned with the methodology and im- plications of scientific theory) in the historical context in which theory arises. " Science is a historical entity; it takes place in time it has a beginning, a mid- dle, and an end. " Recently published is a work Father McMullin edited, par- tially translated, and partially composed : Galileo, Man of Science, which traces the development in Galileo ' s thinking. In his double-breasted khaki raincoat Edward A. Goerner bears some resem- blance to a small boy playing British undercover agent. But the Navy veteran who attended Notre Dame as an under- graduate and who received his doctorate in government from the University of Chicago is a serious, uncommonly articu- late man of complexity and intelligence. Dr. Goerner taught two years at Yale be- fore returning in 1960 to Notre Dame, where he felt more interesting things were happening in the government department. A major reason for his feeling was the unique emphasis Notre Dame placed, and still places, on political philosophy. Power politickers and behaviorists rule the po- litical science roost elsewhere. Goerner dismisses rather easily the es- sentially power politics crowd as " theore- tically naive. " Because they fail to ask theoretical questions, they fail to see their assumptions. Moreover, they have not suc- ceeded in a reasonable definition of power. They say power is important for the sake of national interests, which themselves are usually seen in terms of increased power. What one has finally is power for the sake of power, which ignores the theore- tical choice between Platonic and Machi- avellian politics. The real dispute today over the nature of politics, according to Dr. Goerner, exists between the behaviourists in po- litical science and the political philoso- phers. Behaviourists take for granted the impossibility of validly knowing anythin g about the good for man. But what one takes to be the good is not their concern. Because he cannot be satisfied with any of the alternatives, Goerner turns to po- litical philosophy. Political philosophers think they can find certain primary pointers, but there is no security with principle, because what one has is not his own product. The political philosopher, says Dr. Goerner, " would rather live lu- cidly and insecure than secure with an illusion. " The political philosopher would not, as do power politickers, assume that it is inconceivable one might die, like Socrates and Jesus, for something noble. Above all, he refuses to accept a man- made gimick to avoid the problem of history. Joseph M. Duffy, Jr., handsome, clever, and rich, with a comfortable home and happy disposition, seems to unite some of the best blessings of existence; yet he is so odd a mixture of quick parts, sarcastic humor, reserve, and caprice that any ex- perience of knowing him is insufficient to understand his character. He attended Columbia, where he studied classical literature under Kurt von Fritz and English literature under Trilling; and Chicago, where he studied nineteenth cen- tury fiction under Morton Dauwen Zabel. Zabel directed his dissertation on the criti- cal estimation of Jane Austin throughout the nineteenth century; of him, Mr. Duffy has said " without his diffident neglect my dissertation would not have been possible. " His critical assuredness grows out of a pious sense of tradition. In these days when piety is a pejorative and tradition considered only when it appears to be lack- ing, Mr. Duffy esteems both as great vir- tues. Tradition in all its aspects forms the stuff of his life. He echoes George Eliot ' s woeful cry " What do we live for but to make life easier to each other? " and tries to realize it within the traditional frames of Christianity in an American midwestern university. He has, within these systems, involved himself on every level possible with those around him. " The macrocosm is sterile and unreal when in- dustrialized or when intruded upon by the political order. The individual must strive to move from this sterilization, to make the world around himself emblematic of something more significant, even if it is in revulsion. " For these reasons, Mr. Duffy has consistently been an outspoken critic of American foreign policy, especially in Southeast Asia. He lives the life of a George Eliot hero with the bite of Evelyn Waugh; he is a black comedian moving subtly through the dynamics of self-de- struction toward a continued reassertion of the possibility for the individual. This is his vision and, as he has said of an- other ' s " We must work to uphold that vision until one day, if we are valorous and unyielding like Adam from his dream, men will awaken and find it truth. " 48 " Most people think they know how to watch a play from seeing films or tele- vision drama. " As a result, says Frederic W. Syburg, audiences attending the the- atre often possess assumptions and cri- teria that the live stage cannot and tries not to fulfill. As Associate Professor of the Notre Dame-Saint Mary ' s Theatre, Mr. Syburg works in helping to alter this problem. By " presenting plays of dramatic worth in the best possible pro- ductions, " he attempts to allow the col- lege community to acquire the art of playgoing naturally. While Professor Syburg sees this as a main function of the university theatre, he also feels that it has an equally valu- able facet: " to provide people interested in theatre arts an opportunity to prac- tice stagecraft either as the major part of their education or as an extracurricu- lar activity. " Mr. Syburg views this as the prime reason against establishing any permanent resident company of ac- tors on campus. After completing his graduate work at Columbia University, Mr. Syburg taught at Clarke College in Iowa for four years. In the thirteen years he has been at Notre Dame, Professor Syburg has shown a breadth of directional ability worthy of a major university theatre. His productions have included the Eliza- bethan comedy of The Alchemist and the more caustic wit of Brecht ' s Threepenny Opera as well as Frisch ' s The Firebugs, a contemporary jab at modern com- placency in the face of crisis. For the last effort in particular, Mr. Syburg re- ceived deserved praise for its imagina- tive staging. In addition to his directing, professor Syburg teaches both a speech course and a theatre arts course. The latter ' s most attractive feature is its ability to teach the student to see the written text as something to be performed and not mere- ly read. Using his competence as a direc- tor both on the stage and in class, Mr. Syburg has helped provide the university with forceful drama and given his stu- dents the sensibility to respond intelli- gently to theatre. Born a Low Church Anglican in Sher- wood Forest and trained as a midwife and a nurse, Dr. Josephine Ford brings to bear an extensive knowledge of Patristics and Rabbinics on her study of the surround- ings of the early Christian community and the New Testament. After studying in her native England, she has run the range of cultural experience in teaching first at the University of East Africa in Uganda and now here in the depths of the Ameri- can midwest. The essence of Dr. Ford ' s biblical studies lies in a realization of the immense signifi- cance of the Rabbinical background for an understanding of Paul and the Evange- lists. Her experience in Uganda, she ex- plains, brought out the differences between the traditional Western sets of thought and the way a non-Western person would approach, for example, time. She finds it is common for someone from a less sophis- ticated culture to view future time as little beyond one lifespan. This is a basis for the early Christian immediate expectation of the second coming. At present she is working on a translation, with extensive critical apparatus, of the Apocalypsis for the Anchor Bible series. Her theological work does not merely draw on Rabbinics, however; she focusses her attention on the entire period from the last century before Christ to the third century A.D., first in a Greek and later in a Latin environment. Her recently published study, A Trilogy on Wisdom and Celibacy, surveys the Hebrew, Greek, and Latin treatment of the question of celibacy, centering on the Pauline treatment and suggests in conclu- sion that there is no basis for supposing that absolute celibacy was an idea any- where prevalent in the earliest period of Church history, but rather that the dis- cussions are of the problems of partial celibacy. A Negro at Oxford, Mississippi. Cat- calls, riots, soldiers. The burning problem of the South and the nation had found its way into the open a t James W. Silver ' s place of work. And he would not keep si- lent. A burst of flame, and tension be- tween employers and employee, a question of freedom, long festering, comes to a head; after thirty years at the University of Mississippi, Jim Silver leaves. There had been advances in the years he was there which he helped bring about. An intellectual awakening that maybe Negroes were equal after all, on its way to becom- ing fact. Since coming to Notre Dame in the fall of 1964, Dr. Silver has had the freedom, even the sanctioning, to promote and work for the cause of civil rights and Negro self-appropriation which is now taking place. He spends three hours a day work- ing as a member of the South Bend Human Relations Commission, and is often away at speaking engagements. In his quest for the rights of Negroes Dr. Silver is not a fanatic or an intense idealogue. His classroom manner is calm and conversational, as is his famous book, Mississippi: The Closed Society, an at- tribute which makes his argument all the harder to refute. The typical lecture in any of his courses consist of comments and stories about de- velopments in the race situation, exhibited in newspaper clippings and the like, in South Bend, Mississippi, and the nation. There is little of the parade of facts to be forgotten, because this situation is now; and Jim Silver brings to it a wisdom tempered by the immersion of many years in both the intellectual meanderings on it and the problem itself. The mystery of Dr. Silver and his teach- ing history may in part be explained by his 25 year friendship with William Faulk- ner. That he thinks that Faulkner as a novelist probably conies closer to the truth about the South than anybody, reflects his own attitude towards history, as an instru- ment which will perhaps lead to the truth. Until then it is best to remain calm and good, and continue the search. FACULTY: Joseph M. Duffy Frederic W. Syburg Josephine M. Ford James W. Silver Ronald Weber Anton-Hermann Chroust " Communications media, " notes Ronald Weber, " call not only for skill in the spoken or written word, but also a sophis- tication in taste. " As a professor of com- munication arts, Mr. Weber sees the de- partment as attempting to teach sophisti- cation in everything from art to politics. He feels that the lack of a set curriculum, such as would exist for a journalism school is a benefit that " enables the stu- dent to experience not only courses in the technique of media, but to pursue any additional interests and aptitudes. " In his writing classes, Mr. Weber stresses the development of trends in technique. He offers his students a wide range of contemporary writing from the short story to the non-fiction novel. Concerning Notre Dame ' s " creative at- mosphere, " Mr. Weber feels that it should and could be encouraged, though not nec- essarily through academic channels. Stu- dent-initiated projects with occasional faculty guidance would be better. As an advisor to the student news- paper, The Observer, he feels that his duty should be more passive than active. Remembering his own editorial experi- ence at Iowa, where he received a Master of Fine Arts for a creative project, he sees a " much better educational arrange- ment in letting the students do what they want. " His publications include 147 scholarly articles covering some three thousand pages, 30 book reviews, and five books, with two in double volumes. His education includes doctorates in law, philosophy, and history from the German Universities of Erlangen, Munich, and Wurtzburg. He first came to the United States as a re- search fellow at Harvard, and has since been associated with the Yale Law School, Oxford, Cambridge, Kings College, and the University of Paris. Forty years after he received his first law degree at 21, Anton-Hermann Chroust maintains the same drive and energy that got him a position on the Olympic gold-medal-win- ning German water polo team in 1928. Chroust is amazing. He claims he can write research articles faster than his three student assistants can proofread them. He claims that he knows more " than any three men " about the life of Aristotle. And he maintains that his 1967 Porsche 911S Targa can outperform any car on campus except his old Mercedes Benz 300SL. He has written on ancient, medi- eval, and modern legal history; ancient history and philosophy; and jurisprudence in general. Currently, Chroust is putting out a two- volume work on the life of Aristotle and the lost works. He maintains that many of the " Aristotelian " works were not written by him, since " there exists irrefutable evidence that his early writings were transported to Asia Minor with the writ- ings of the early Peripatetics, and dis- appeared for over 200 years. " When all the works were recovered, due to confusion, deterioration, and destruction, it was im- possible to identify the authors of the materials. Chroust ' s interest in the history of phi- losophers led him to write Socrates: Man and Myth in which he explores the in- consistencies between the Socrates of lit- erary tradition and the Socrates of his- torical fact. Chroust notes that this book is " required reading at the leading uni- versities. " His two-volume Rise of the Legal Profession in America brought him to the forefront of American legal history and he is now considered the foremost expert in United States law of the colonial period. 49 Peter Michelson ' s large frame and even wider sense of humor have combined to produce a professor of literature with rare dimensions. After receiving his masters from the University of Wyoming, Mr. Michelson taught English at Northwestern University for three years. While work- ing on a doctoral degree at the University of Chicago, he was also editor of one of the most respected " little magazines " in the nation, The Chicago Review. Although these credentials may appear impeccable, they do little to reveal Mr. Michelson ' s peculiar ability to reach his students. With both a sharp wit and an appreciation of the undergraduate ' s prob- lems, he can achieve a rapport with pupils that borders on the unique. As an instruc- tor in both the principles and practice of literary criticism, Professor Michelson does not see his role as refuting student views that differ from his own. Rather he tries " to sympathize with their position in order to expand their perception. " Mr. Michelson ' s interest in aesthetics outside of his particular course extends into two areas pornography and what might loosely be called pop culture. At present he is at work on a book which will discuss the artistic potential of por- nography rather than problems of censor- ship. Professor Michelson feels that por- nography has nearly achieved the status of a convention in contemporary litera- ture; and so now the artist has acquired another tool to expand his art. But Mr. Michelson ' s concern for present American culture goes deeper than a knowledge of current artistic trends and the poetics be- hind them. Last September he wrote the lead article for an issue of The New Re- public, in which he discussed what he felt were genuine myths that contemporary America has about itself and how they are manifested both in politics and art. Mr. Michelson ' s affability and openness to students exist apart from his normal instruction as well. During the first se- mester, he helped conduct a course in media in connection with the Free Uni- versity, at the same time aiding the spring Arts Festival in acquiring poets. 50 FACULTY: Peter F. Michelson William V. D ' Antonio Robert M. Slabey James Burtchaell, James A. Bogle Edward J. Cronin " My wife always tells me that one of my major interests is talking. That is probably why I enjoy teaching as much as I do, " comments Dr. William V. D ' Antonio, head of the department of sociology. " I think that a teacher is someone who enjoys his field and who also likes to share this enjoyment with others. He should, however, also believe that this field is a worthwhile one. " After receiving his B.A. in Latin American affairs from Yale in 1949, Dr. D ' Antonio earned his M.A. at Wisconsin and his Ph.D. at Michigan State. In 1959 he joined the Notre Dame faculty. " While I was at Michigan State I was rather active in politics as a precinct captain for the Democratic party. How- ever, " says Dr. D ' Antonio, " since I came to Notre Dame, my main interest in community activities has been in the area of human and race relations. " He was one of the originators of the idea behind the Neighborhood Study Help Program. Apart from his work, Dr. D ' Antonio can often be found engaged in a not so friendly game of handball with Dr. John Maiolo or some other of his colleagues. " I enjoy winning at handball. To be more truthful, I enjoy winning at anything! " Dr. D ' Antonio is currently working on a text for an introductory sociology course. " I was hesitant to start on a text, but I am glad that I did. I have learned a great deal about my field in the process, and of course there is always the mone- tary incentive which cannot be totally ignored by an honest man. " Robert M. Slabey ' s critique of his litera- ture students is based on over a decade of experience at several universities. Grad- uating with a bachelor of science from Fairfield University in 1953, he taught at Notre Dame while working toward his masters and Ph.D., then at Penn State, Villanova, and Pittsburgh before return- ing to Notre Dame as Associate Professor of English in 1964. Since then he has taught classes ranging from freshman composition to a graduate seminar in Wil- liam Faulkner. " The students here now are the best yet; they are better prepared, have more integrity, and are more sophisticated than the classes that preceded them, and the improvement seems to be constant. " At the same time, however, Dr. Slabey notes that the current students are more " prac- tical minded, " more competitive. In this atmosphere, a student who is humanis- tically interested in the study of literature for both professional and personal ends is a rare find. He notes particularly " rad- ically distinct " attitude towards literature in the two sections of non-Arts and Let- ters sophomores comprising his modern novel course. Even here, though, there are seriously interested students, but the ma- jority are concerned only with their grade in a required course. Thus Dr. Slabey ' s approach as a teacher is in this case dif- ferent than his approach to, for example, his senior major American writers course because of the difference in student at- titudes. His approach in general, never- theless, is to emphasize each work of literature " in its time, " noting the cultural trends that produced it and the aesthetic features of the work per se " both its temporal and timeless qualities. " Although his special field is American literature, he is interested in seeing a course in modern European fiction (from Dostoevsky to Grass) introduced into the undergraduate English curriculum. Father James Burtchaell imposes a heir- archy of importance on a wide variety of interests and divides his career as an ed- ucator into three main areas. Educated at Gregorian University in Rome and at Cambridge, he is a teacher of theology, one who enjoys teaching freshmen. He believes that theology can become a seri- ous academic pursuit for all students, even if they are " going through the faith hang-up. " In this approach to theology not a religious indoctrination but the gradual acquaintance with a learned tradi- tion Father sees real value for all stu- dents. He notices a disappointing academic interest here which stems from students regarding the university as a profes- sional school : the concern seems to be " not what kind of educated man is produced, but what kind of job he can get. " Dedication to the fostering of co-ed life at Notre Dame represents a second por- tion of the career. Observing a stifling of recreational activity accruing from the crowded condition of the residence halls and the lack of a convenient place to meet or entertain girls, Father Burtchaell was instrumental in establishing the Open House as a meeting facility for Notre Dame and Saint Mary ' s students and has since been its director. " Our own convic- tion is that we must move away from the all-male and all-female college, in favor of some merged system. It is our plan that the Open House will help somewhat to convince all of us that this is needful. " Father Burtchaell devotes the greatest portion of his efforts (up to six hours a day) to personal counselling and it is this activity that he finds most rewarding. Al- though he is Dillon Hall ' s third floor prefect, he attempts to communicate with students from all over the university, " to bring them to the realization that they are higher in integrity, competence, and opportunity than they imagine. " He spends a good deal of time hearing con- fessions and offering rather innovated hall masses that are often attended (on occasion even for curiosity ' s sake) by vis- itors from outside the university as well as outside the hall. Professor James Bogle of the govern- ment department has a style based on his idea that " teaching is not the focal point of my life. " In his own quietly dynamic way, Bogle is a man of his stu- dents ' own generation, sharing their in- creasing enthusiasm for politics, which he gives as the reason for the increase from 150 to 300 students in his inter- national relations class. Dr. Bogle has been active in Indiana politics for several years and has had two programs on local television. A man of varied interests, he is a member of South Bend Civic Theatre, on the board of trustees at a private school, and enjoys taking his son to Chicago Bear games. Bogle believes that the football syndrome of Notre Dame has developed a basically unifying spirit and is a reflection of the Notre Dame spirit of the past. " But by becoming a great university, there are many factors that will destroy that spirit. " " I foresee a future for student parties like the ASP, " he says, explaining their usefulness in expanding the scope of student government power, which he feels, " hasn ' t really been tried. If the students show the initiative the faculty did in seeking their demands, they can achieve their goals. " Rumors of a po- litical future for Bogle himself arose again this year with his activity on be- half of Senator Eugene McCarthy. Besides his travels, teaching, and cul- tural interests, Bogle is doing research for a book on Soviet foreign policy. He views the publish or perish question as an irrelevant problem: " Good teaching is not in contradiction to publishing. A teacher should present something that the students can ' t get from outside sources. " He moderated an informal seminar discussion on revolutionary theory for the Free University. Such seminars, he feels, bring diversity to the students at Notre Dame, creating a new intellectual focus. Notre Dame ' s weakness, he be- lieves, is in its stereotyped student body. With Cronin, such showpieces as his M.A. from Chicago and his Ph.D. from Minnesota are superfluous. Rather, the elucidatory making-with the hands, the omniscent raising of the eyebrows, and a briefcase of thoroughly prepared class lectures are the only real and necessary credentials. " The system of academic awards places disproportionate emphasis on research and publishing successes. We are here to teach the students. " Pipe utensils, gold watch, and a weather- worn briefcase, lugging at least three editions of James Joyce ' s Ulysses, Dr. Edward J. Cronin conies to the Great Books seminar. " The Great Books are em- inently teachable; perpetually engaging the student. The classic is like a bottle of wine. We do not preserve it, we drink from it. " Dr. Cronin, congenital Democrat and moralist, speaks of modern times. " Every great president has been villified Lin- coln, F.D.R., and now Johnson . . . No. That ' s absolutely wrong. Mayor Daly is certainly not a gangster. Any well-bred South-Sider knows that much. " And of the all-pervading hippie syndrome, he says, " I find nothing fascinating about a flower child ' s belch. They simply receive too much attention. " Football and the university, faith and the university. A Carmelite scapular be- neath his shirt, a rosary in his pocket, the alloy mold of the Immaculate Concep- tion fused about his finger, (Class of ' 38). All of his children are baptized. " The Irish Catholic shares the best of every- thing ... I guess that makes me sort of pre-ecumenical. " Edward J. Cronin sits in his office, feet upon his desk, an unlit pipe placed be- tween his teeth. A John F. Kennedy por- trait is displayed before him, a geneology of dogs is exhibited to the side. And the checkered rows of neatly shelved volumes serve as a splendid backdrop. No man has learned so well the Socratic device, the technique of asking and answering ques- tions. Dr. Cronin does not wish to be- friend the student, as much as he is determined to teach them. The didactic fiber of this man sparkles as does the bare surface of his crown. 61 COLLEGIATE SCHOLAR: An entire year devoted to independent study under close faculty direction. For the past three years the Collegiate Scholar Program has consisted of four or five seniors, each of whom devoted an entire year ' s work to intensive consideration of one problem in their particular field, rather than pursuing an ordinary senior-year cur- riculum. Their program of study is one carefully reviewed by their faculty advisors, but one which finally they must devise and execute themselves. The central demand of the program is self-disciplined research and writing that is designed to take into account the individual student ' s specific levels of achievement, his interests, and his weaknesses. The end result of a year ' s work is a substantial essay treating the problem he has been investigating. The idea that underlies the program is not one which seeks to abandon the system of classes that forms the basis of and gives immense vitality to the whole American system of higher education. Rather the class system remains to enrich the Col- legiate Scholar ' s work while he does the majority of his work under a faculty director. The Scholar, then, is guided principally by one member of the faculty and advised by two others in his work on a specific project; in addition, he regularly meets with the other scholars and their directors in order to discuss his work. The notion of the collegiate scholar has also been extended to creative work this year, and one student has elected to pursue this option. Tom Figel is writing a novel in order to, as it were, implement three years of scholarship by working for a year in the craft of fiction writing. The separation be- tween criticism and creativity is too often felt by the 52 The focal point of the Collegiate Scholars ' independent work occurs every second Monday when all the scholars and their advisors gather in the faculty dining room for dinner and a discussion of the projects. Opposite, above, Rev. Charles Sheedey, dean of the College of Arts and Letters, and Peter Herrly, who is writing on the development and implications of the use of calvary in the civil war. Opposite, below, Eric Vogelin, professor of government; Willis Nutting, pro- fessor in the General Program; and Tom Figel, who is writing a novel about a 12-year-old boy who meets a man walking across the country on his hands. Figel expects to continue writing and publish his novel after graduation. Below, Tom Brislin, writing on the " Ends and Limits of Politics " and the alienation experience through Hobbes, Locke, Kant, and Hegel; and Ken Beirne, writing on a comparison of Manichean philosophy and Augustine with Hegel and Kierkegaard. Brislin had originally planned on seven philosophers but decided to limit himself after the first semester. He has, like all the scholars, gone into great detail and presented parts of his paper before faculty members from many departments. Brislin ' s paper has run to more than 400 pages. undergraduate as a frustrating circumstance, rather than a paradoxical dilemna of sensibilities. The problems of a student studying alone for an entire scholar year and further devoting himself exclusively to a single project should be obvious. Many of the predictable difficulties in the program have actually been encountered. Some students chosen had insufficient background for this kind of work or their discipline was not of a kind that fa- vored independent study. The central difficulty, how- ever, has been the limitation to a single investigation. Often the student seems not to be broadening his background by research into related fields and enriching his work by contact with other undergrad- uates, but rather to be specializing to a degree not justified by his background. It has been suggested that this difficulty could be eliminated if the pro- gram were recast to allow individual study of a num- ber of different problems in a genuinely interdisci- plinary way. It was this difficulty which prompted two scholars to resign this year. Another difficulty with the project is that the fort- nightly colloquia at which the scholars read and dis- cuss what they have written towards their final essay are often too specialized to permit valid discussion of the topics on the broad base that all scholars share. This was the obstacle encountered by Raymond No- vaco whose work in behavioral psychology grew out of a more sophisticated scientific basis than most of the other members of the program possessed. The dynamics of independent study, unless care- fully modulated, are evocative of a sense of the separation of one ' s own work from other basic ap- proaches, no matter how interdisciplinary the stu- dent ' s own approach may be. The Collegiate Scholar program, then, is one of the most exciting innova- tions in the College of Arts and Letters in recent years, but it is still one which demands much con- scientious reassessment. 53 ENGINEERING: DEAN The future of engineering, education at Notre Dame, Joseph Hogan believes, lies in an integrated five year master ' s program. Joseph Hogan assumes the responsibilities as dean of the College of Engineering at a turning point in the college ' s history. With funds from SUMMA, the college will establish ten endowed professorships and build a new 4.5-million dollar engineering building. In line with this physical expansion, the college is re-examining its degree requirements in all major sequences to insure that the students are being offered the best combination of a technical and a liberal education. Hogan was dean of the College of Engineering at the University of Missouri for the past six years. He holds a Ph.D. in electrical engineering but has no plans to teach at the present time. " I feel that I ' d be cheating my students if I were to attempt to teach a course at this time, " he says. " The position as dean so frequently requires my absence from Notre Dame that any continuity for the students would be impossible. " Hogan says that the endowed professorships will enable the college to attract ten nationally known engineering professors. They, and the new facilities, will be especially important in the development of the graduate programs in engineering. At present, limited facilities hamper the recruiting of new faculty members and top-notch graduate students. The new building will easily handle the amount of faculty and student research currently planned. If the college is to undergo any more than a nominal 54 increase in the number of students, however, addi- tional space will be needed. Some students and faculty outside the college have made the criticism that the curriculum is too techni- cally oriented. Hogan disagrees. " The course se- quence in general follows the median recommenda- tions of the Engineers ' Council for Professional Development, the accrediting agency for engineering schools in the nation. " To add more Arts and Let- ters courses to the engineers ' already overburdened schedule would be impossible; to drop several, Hogan believes, would make engineering too narrow a specialty. However, Hogan will soon try to introduce a degree of flexibility into the senior year program. Students will be able to select from a broader range of technical electives and independent research wi ll be proposed for more students, especially those who are planning graduate work. In the more distant future, Hogan predicts that the Master of Science may well become the first degree in the college. The U.S. Office of Education predicts that by 1976, the nation ' s accredited engi- neering schools will award 45,000 baccalaureate and 34,000 master ' s degrees to last year ' s 36,000 bac- calaureate and only 13,000 masters. At Notre Dame, a five-year integrated program would replace the current curriculum of four years undergraduate and one year graduate school. To Hogan, the advantages are obvious. Students who begin in freshman year would find the program more flexible in the third, fourth, and fifth years than currently; time con- suming duplication in undergrad and grad courses would be eliminated; and research projects could begin in senior year. Graduate students coming to Notre Dame with a B.S. from another college would find no trouble in entering the fifth-year course sequence. Together with the new building and en- dowed professors, this program would give Notre Dame " one of the best engineering educations in American universities. " Opposite, Joseph C. Hogan, Dean of the College of Engineering. Dr. Hogan believes that the most optimistic completion date for the new engineering building is fall, 1970. Above, Senior Mike Knapp work- ing with a double pipe heat exchanger in unit operations laboratory. A fourth year chemical engineering course, unit ops lab allows stu- dents, working in teams, to devise their own experiment and then test them on an actual pilot plant scale. 55 The engineer: criticized for his shortcomings while his strengths are ignored The engineer occupies an odd place in contemporary society. He is indispensible to modern technology, but his accomplishments go largely unrewarded. If a man is launched into space, it is a scientific tri- umph, but if his rocket explodes or the mission fails, it is a technical failure. The engineer does the work, but doesn ' t receive the glory. However, profession- ally the engineer is respected both by his fellow workers and his colleagues in other fields. On campus, the engineer faces a similar situation : he is criticized for his shortcomings while his strengths are ignored. The engineer ' s curriculum, at Notre Dame or at any good engineering school, is heavily weighted towards technical subjects. And well it should be, for the university is educating the engineer for specific jobs in a technical society. The engineer has an excellent background in mathe- matics, the physical sciences, and technological pro- cedures. From this core of studies, he has the tools which all phases of industry from research and development to management and sales demand. Liberal arts courses compose only about 20 per- cent of the engineer ' s schedule; this is the figure that most professional and educational engineering societies recommend. This figure supplies the basis for the stereotyped " sliderule-toting engineer. " But in comparison, only 10 per cent of the arts and let- ters or business student ' s curriculum is devoted to science or technically oriented courses, none of which are above an advanced high school level. So the tendency to specialize in one discipline, to the almost complete exclusion of others, is evident in each field. As a consequence, communication, be- tween the technical and the non-technical person easily breaks down. But the engineering student at Notre Dame is deeply concerned with this deficiency in his curricu- lum. He attempts to bridge the gap between tech- nical education and the liberal arts by his partici- pation in the Collegiate Seminar program, by a judicious choosing of his few liberal arts electives, and by attending many of the lectures offered on campus. Above, Dr. Edward Crandall lecturing to senior chemical engineer- ing instrumentation course. Opposite, above, a mechanical engineer- ing systems control lab. 56 57 58 Opposite, senior architecture student Henrique Bellini confers with professors Stermer and Stoutenburg. Far left, wind tunnel work in aerospace engineering uses scale models; the rocket pictured here is an Aerobee 350. Left, the horizontal pipe in the background is part of the department ' s supersonic wind tunnel. Above, senior chemical engineer, Pat Castellan, explains the solution to a process control problem. A reduction in the load for chemical engineers? Architecture combines both art and engineering. The architect must be a person sensitive to shape, color, and form, but at the same time his buildings must be structurally sound and practical to construct. The architect ' s curriculum recognizes this and there- fore combines these two requirements. The architect at Notre Dame takes over 80 credits of design and structure courses, and about 60 credits of mechanical engineering and engineering science courses. A few students in the department are also investigating the possibilities for using computers in compiling and organizing the data necessary to comprehend major design problems. Research in aerospace engineering, the college ' s largest undergraduate department, centers primarily around missile dynamics and the much publicized Parafoil. The department, with an excellent array of both subsonic and supersonic wind tunnels, has done consultation work at various times during the year for the Air Force, NASA, LTV, Raytheon, and sev- eral other large corporations. The parafoil also spent four weeks at Langley Field, Virginia, undergoing tests (at government expense) in the full-scale wind tunnels there. The department of engineering science emphasizes the fundamentals which apply to all fields of engi- neering and which enable the student to explore and apply scientific methods to the analysis, synthsis, and design of systems in both traditional and newly emerging fields. The undergraduate curriculum con- tains course sequences in mathematics, classical, chemical, and modern physics, solid and fluid me- chanics, electrical and transport phenomena, and systems analysis. The department has built a new laser lab for undergraduate and graduate research and is planning another undergraduate lab under- written by an NSF grant. Chemical engineers currently take more credits than any other four year program in the school, and most professors feel that this load should be light- ened. The problem, common to many chemical en- gineering departments throughout the country, is what should be deleted. Various faculty members and the student chapter of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers have submitted plans, but a final decision will not be made until summer. Faculty and graduate research in chemical engi- neering encompass widely different fields. Dr. Kra- mer D. Luks, a new faculty member this year, is pri- marily interested in mathematical models of trans- port phenomena. Dr. A. H. Peter Skelland, financed by a Defense Department grant, is investigating the possibilities of drag reduction by the addition of suit- able non-Newtonian fluid to the boundary layer of immersed bodies. Dr. Edward Crandall is directing graduate research in the investigation of adaptive 59 Above, Ph.D. candidate Charles Knapp is studying stress capabilities of the red blood cells. Opposite, below, Dr. James Kohn explains a differential thermal analysis experiment to junior chemical engineers Mike Lippa and John Krause. Mechanical engineering ' s three options cover almost all technical disciplines. process control and the stability of distributed sys- tems. Dr. Crandall is also doing mathematical studies of human respiration, modeling the gas exchange process within the lungs to determine its effects on pulsatile blood flow. Civil engineering includes everything from struc- tures to construction to environmental health. Under department chairman Dr. Harry C. Saxe, the depart- ment ' s approach to education is to produce civil en- gineers who are able to synthesize an answer when given several variables, and not to rely on a pre- ordained solution to his problem. Research is cen- tered around environmental health problems sew- age treatment, air and water pollution, and water purification. Electrical engineering this year bought (with NSF supplied funds) a small digital computer for use by undergraduates. The computer was subse- quently tied into the department ' s analog computer to provide the only digital-analog hybrid on campus. Students then wrote the software programs for the new computer and also designed the hardware used in the digital-analog interface. Faculty research in electrical engineering is largely mathematical- 60 theoretical. Among other projects in the department, acting chairman Dr. James Massey is working in communications theory, Dr. Normab Krohn is solid- state semiconductors, and Dr. Michael Sain in non- linear control theory. Mechanical engineering offers the greatest diver- sity of programs for the students. The normal me- chanical engineering curriculum encompasses a broad view of engineering with courses in almost all disciplines: drawing, heat transfer, fluid flow, controls, and electronics. The industrial option is a management directed program including economics and business courses. The nuclear option uses facili- ties of the radiation center. Faculty research in the department centers on controls, thermodynamics, numerical analysis, and reactor kinetics. The department of metalurgical engineering, with only ten seniors, is the smallest of all departments in the college. The metallurgy and materials science curriculum combines a theoretical knowledge of physical chemistry and physical metallurgy with ex- tensive laboratory and practical applications. Fac- ulty research in the department is varied. In another part of the engineering college ' s defense project, Dr. Bernard Cullity is director of the project ' s Magnetic Materials Subgroup. Dr. Charles Allen is studying dislocation structure on an Air Force contract and Dr. Nicholas Fiore is involved in two projects: a study of explosive loading on the deformation of metals and an investigation of imperfections in crystals using elastic vibration techniques. 61 Dr. Otto F. Seeler, Professor of archi- tecture, was born in Cuba and educated in Germany; he has practiced architecture in Havana and in this country and has been on the faculty since 1949. He con- centrates on residential buildings in his private practice and teaches structural and architectural design to sophomores and seniors. The unique position of archi- tecture in standing between engineering and art has brought him to focus on the socio-humanistic aspects of undergraduate education; he is one of the several engi- neering professors participating in the Collegiate Seminar program. " A successful architect must know peo- ple how they think, feel and live with one another. " The preliminary step in de- signing a building, Dr. Seeler states, is " an analysis of the situation the architect faces consideration of such functional factors as the circulation of people in a building, noise, heat, and light distribu- tion. " Then the architect must formulate the architecture; he must find an expres- sion for the arrangement in art. All the demands to be made on the building by the people using it must add up to a functional character which will be realized in the final work. Dr. Seeler places primary importance in architecture that " sums up to a unit, not an addition of fragments, which has the character of the function the building fulfills. " The formulation that finally expresses the function must, of course, be conditioned by the surroundings other buildings and the natural site itself the budget, and the variety of immediate purposes that make up the whole function. " The more identity a building has with its environ- ment, the more lasting it will be. " As an example of this he points to the campus itself which derives a unity from certain common materials, such as Notre Dame brick and slate, used in common. A piece of architecture stands as a work of art because it reflects and realizes in a special manner the temper of the times, the way we now live. By expressing artis- tically the demands of the people living in it, Dr. Seeler hopes that architects will combine the highly scientific conditioning of an environment with a real sense of the way people live together in a given spatial circumstance. 62 " Engineering science is basically a field whose main concern is to keep on top of all new trends in both science and engineering. We are concerned with all of the fields of engineering as well as with structural physics and some chem- istry, " says Dr. Francis M. Kobayashi in describing his area of study. A native of Seattle, Washington, Dr. Kobayashi spent two years at Loras Col- lege in Dubuque, Iowa, before coming to Notre Dame in 1945. After earning a B.S. in aeronautical engineering in 1947, he added a similar degree in engineering mechanics a year later. In 1953 Dr. Ko- bayashi received an Sc.D., and he has been associated with Notre Dame ever since, with the exception of a two year period beginning in 1959 in which he worked for the National Science Foun- dation in Washington, D.C. Dr. Kobayashi has been actively en- gaged in consultation work for many South Bend firms. " I was involved in a program at Bendix ' s Aero-Space Divi- sion, in which our main concern was lunar landing problems. I was particu- larly concerned with a problem in the release of the landing gear. " Dr. Kobay- ashi hesitantly adds that he had done some research in suspension systems for the now-defunct Studebaker Company. " I hope that my findings didn ' t aid in their demise, " he says with a smile. In the near future Dr. Kobayashi will enter a new area of the university, the newly created role of Assistant Vice- President for Research. " In a way this area will not really be a total change for me, " says Dr. Kobayashi. " I have been involved in similar work before both here at the university and while I worked for N.S.F. I will say, however, that it will be tough and will present me with great deal of responsibility. " FACULTY: Otto F. Seeler F. M. Kobayashi James L. Massey Julius T. Banchero Harry C. Saxe Nicholas F. Fiore This was James L. Massey ' s first year as a Collegiate Seminar moderator. Last year he was a visiting Associate Professor of electrical engineering at M.I.T. Professor Massey finds little conflict between the great books and his engineering back- ground, which includes a maxima cum laude degree from Notre Dame. His seminar classes often find him actively defending the practical point of view against an onslaught of idealists. How- ever, Dr. Massey has no fixed point of view; he is open minded, but with an engineer ' s detailed knowledge of the text to be discussed. Professor Massey finds teaching under- graduates, whether at Notre Dame or M.I.T., " more fun " than teaching grad students. " Grad students tend to be petri- fied, " he says. This year, he is acting de- partment chairman in electrical engineer- ing, and on a committee for the Faculty Manual. He is also doing research in the areas of coding and finite-state automata within his specialty of information theory, and finds himself with " less time than ever " to talk with and learn from his students. Despite his outside activities, Dr. Massey is most at home in the classroom, where his dynamic style makes anything from St. Augustine to threshold decoding exciting. " An engineering education at a major university like Notre Dame has definite advantages, " says Dr. Julius T. Banchero, head of the chemical engineering depart- ment. At technically oriented schools such as Georgia Tech or Rensselaer " you don ' t have a mixture of liberal arts, business, and science-engineering. The student body is homogeneous. " While admitting that all technical curricula contain approximately the same amount of liberal electives, he feels that exposure to the arts outside the classroom is very important to an engi- neer ' s education. " Unfortunately, though, most engineers don ' t have enough time to take advantage of what Notre Dame offers. " Dr. Banchero received his A.B. and B.S. from Columbia and his Ph.D. from the University of Michigan. He was on the faculty at Michigan for 16 years before coming to Notre Dame as department chairman in 1959. A specialist in chemical engineering kinetics and reactor design, he has published several articles in pro- fessional magazines and co-authored In- troduction to Chemical Engineering, a widely used text on unit operations. As department head, Dr. Banchero is concerned with curriculum development. He disagrees with many educators who would make the master ' s degree the first professional degree conferred in engineer- ing. " We must optimize the time spent during the four undergraduate years in engineering because of the immense amount of material that must be covered. " The present system of four year bach- elor ' s program, he feels, enables a depart- ment to tailor programs to the widest range of student interest. A five year mas- ter ' s program would be research-oriented and might be unnecessary for many stu- dents planning to work in industry. The idea of an engineer as one who plugs in formulae for solving pre- ordained problems is as outmoded as the notion of a civil engineer who only builds bridges, designs roads, and struc- tures sewers. Dr. Harry C. Saxe, head of the department of civil engineering, suggests that the engineer now needs " the breadth of interest to enable him to couple the discrete elements of an engineering system together in such a manner as to provide optimal perform- ance of the overall system. " The engi- neer must now concern himself with " providing a suitable environment for man in the face of unprecedented in- dustrial development, population growth, and increased mobility. " Traditional fields of specialization within civil engi- neering no longer have any validity; the whole approach in which they were grounded is now superfluous. " A whole spectrum of types of civil engineers will be required; specialists such as struc- tural engineers, soil mechanicians, en- vironmental health engineers, and hydrau- lic engineers will be needed in increasing numbers. " Persons having broader hori- zontal interests, and capable of welding specialists into efficient working groups will be demanded in numbers. The present-day civil engineer, Dr. Saxe says, " soon finds that the principles needed to couple these assemblages of components together in optimal fashion, are not as amenable to a closed form deterministic solution as he would like, and a knowledge of what we call ' engi- neering judgment ' comes into play. In the interest of getting the job done, he must resort to approximate analyses, and be able to recognize when and where the interface between closed-form tractable solutions, and interactive solutions, ex- ists. " The design-oriented civil engineer must go on from the design of systems under his control and enlarge his per- spective to consider the people who will function in these systems. He must co- ordinate his work with the sociologist ' s and thus achieve a real stance from which his design of man ' s environment can assume the validity it must have. " I see a spectrum of responses in the Notre Dame student, ranging from alert- ness and curiosity to dull indifference. " In his concern for the optimum academic achievement of his own engineering stu- dents, Dr. Nicholas F. Fiore, Assistant Professor of metallurgical engineering, is most interested in the large middle range of this " spectrum. " Members of this group are characterized by a " do-enough-to-get- by attitude " and fail to realize the rare educational opportunity they have here. After receiving his doctorate from Car- negie Tech in 1963, Dr. Fiore worked for U.S. Steel and the Mellon Institute in his native Pittsburgh. He also spent two years in research at the Aberdeen proving grounds in Maryland before coming to Notre Dame in February, 1966. He has already achieved popularity and familiar- ity with students of his introductory course in ma terials science and his two graduate physical metallurgy courses. Dr. Fiore participates in several stu- dent-affiliated, personal, and professional activities. He is adviser to the Notre Dame chapter of the A.S.M.-A.I.M.E. (the student metallurgy organization) and to a teenage-youth group at St. Anthony ' s parish in South Bend, and a member of the new Faculty Senate. He is also a con- sultant for several industrial firms in South Bend and Chicago. Dr. Fiore salutes students ' tendency to question everything they see " perhaps the only sacred thing is the right to dis- sect, to scrutinize. " However, he cannot agree with many of the resultant con- clusions and is indeed distressed by some. He uses an analogy from physics to em- phasize an inherent program in the stu- dents ' attitude of questioning. Just as the rigor in the solution of a physical problem is affected as we increase the number of entities involved, so is the ease of arriv- ing at a conclusive opinion inversely pro- portional to the complexity of the issues concerned. Dr. Fiore criticizes the inclina- tion of some students to question only so far and then to jump unscientifically to an unflinching conclusion, ruling out the " an- titheses " that may arise. 63 Above, Dr. Thomas T. Murphy, dean of the College of Busi- ness Administration. The new Hayes-Healy Center will house the program for Graduate Business and Public Administra- tion. The graduate curriculum stresses " the development of professional managers, rather than staff specialists. " Thomas T. Murphy has been a member of the Notre Dame faculty for 21 years and the dean of the College of Business for the last five. This year has been his most challenging, witnessing the first class of the graduate division of the college. And his plans for the graduate school are big. The first class is fifty students and will increase in lots of fifty in future years until a maximum enrollment of four hundred is reached. At the same time the undergraduate program, now consisting of about 1270 students, will decrease to an enrollment of nine hundred. " As of today we have too many under- graduate students, " says Murphy. " We feel that a slightly larger than two-to-two ratio of under- graduates to graduates, together totalling 1200, would be the ideal figure to work with. " The initial MBA class represents 31 different universities and only eight of the students are Notre Dame graduates. The masters candidates are almost evenly divided between undergraduate majors in science- engineering, social science-humanities, and business administration. At the undergraduate level, there is a constant flow into the College of Business from the other three colleges, mainly from engineering and science. Murphy welcomes these transfer students. " Most of these transfers have no trouble adjusting, since they are generally most capable. In fact both the science and engineering colleges tend to have the best students in the university, so we have no prob- lems integrating these students into our programs. " Only in accounting must transfer students add courses to fill the requirements of the C.P.A. sequence, and it sometimes involves additional summer work. A.I.S.E.C., an undergraduate pro- gram, was brought to Notre Dame largely through the efforts of Dean Murphy. Interested students try to get South Bend firms to hire a student from another nation as summer employment. If the stu- dent is successful, he in turn, will be employed over- seas for the summer. In other foreign programs, the business college has about 15 sophomores cur- rently at Tokyo, Angers, and Innsbruck. Murphy sees two nation-wide trends in business academics becoming apparent at Notre Dame. The first is a great shift from the professor with experi- ence in the business world to a majority of academi- cally-trained experts. These " new " professors have caused the second trend : a more liberal and theore- tical approach to business education that emphasizes the scientific, rather than the pragmatic analysis of business problems. BUSINESS: DEAN The college ' s first MBA class has set Dean Murphy looking to the future. 65 Above, business students gathered in the lobby of the com- merce building during the Finance Club ' s " Mock Stock Mar- ket. " For the $2.00 entrance fee, each contestant gets $2,000 for buying and selling stock based on the New York Stock Exchange. The person making the most money wins a trip to New York and a visit to the real stock market. Opposite, above, Adam Arnold, associate professor of finance and busi- ness economics. 66 The College of Business is emphasizing management in its new master ' s program. " Professional managers, those who plan, unify, and direct the work of others in large-scale operations, are, " in the words of Dean Murphy of the College of Business, " in great demand at the present time, due to a vast shortage of such personnel. This need for professional managers can only increase with the vast technological advances and rapidly increasing population of today ' s world. " Realizing the importance of producing qualified professional managers, the business college has de- cided that such a task could be adequately accom- plished only at the graduate level. With this need for professional managers as a basis, the MBA program was instituted at Notre Dame this past year. The initial class of the program consists of 50 students, but will increase to a maximum enrollment of 400. The rate of increase will be slow at first, due to a lack of facilities. However, with the completion of the new Hayes-Healy Center, designed specifically to house the graduate business program, the enrollment will reach 400. At present it is hoped that the con- struction of this building will be completed by the fall semester of 1968. Previously there have been two types of graduate business curricula. One stresses situational analysis and has been used at the Harvard School of Business. The other centers on the study of basic, underlying principles, without the application of these principles to either actual or hypothetical situations. The curriculum of the graduate business school at Notre Dame is a combination of these two meth- ods, providing the future managers with skills in application as well as the knowledge on which to base their decisions. The goal of the MBA at Notre Dame is to produce professional managers rather than specialists. The curriculum is divided into five sectors. The tool, environment, and functional course areas provide the knowledge which the student uses in formulating his decisions in situational analyses. Courses in these areas expose the student to the glo- bal view of business and the social, economic, and political trends that affect management. The business workshop allows the student to participate in situ- ational analyses, operating in a manner similar to the moot court of the law school. Through the use of case studies, role playing, business games, and dem- onstrations, the students integrate and apply the knowledge gained in the other course areas to both actual and hypothetical situations. The self-develop- ment phase of the curriculum allows each student to pursue an area that is of particular interest to him through an independent study program under the supervision of a faculty advisor. 67 Travel management: newest program for business u ndergradu ates. The travel industry, representing an excellent vehicle for building a better way of life in the de- veloping nations of the world, is one of the largest and fastest growing industries in the U.S. today. The demand for management talent in the travel industry extends over broad areas and includes trav- el bureaus, tour wholesalers, airlines, railroads, and many other service organizations. The rapid growth of the industry and the need for the contin- ual improvement of the management departments, requires that future managers come from profes- sional schools rather than apprentice systems with- in the industry. Responding to this trend, the busi- ness college established the Hayes-Healy Travel Management program, with 28 undergraduates par- ticipating in 1967-68, the first year of its operation. This program offers students with interests in man- agement and marketing a chance to develop skills in these areas. A travel management graduate will receive a B.B.A . upon completion of his four year program, which is divided into an arts and science core, a business management core, a travel management core, and a two-summer, paid, work internship in a phase of the travel industry that interests him. Where possible, students will be encouraged to take a foreign lan- guage. Also at the undergraduate level, the Management Club has been highly successful with its new man- agement " game. " INTOP (International Operations Simulation) is a computerized game utilizing the Univac 1107 computer. It focuses on the primary problems of international trade. The students act as representatives of their own competitive inter- national business firms, and they are responsible for all the policy making decisions that an actual corporation faces. The game provides management training and has proved to be very popular. 68 e radii pnfc is with- :n man- ikins in B.B.A. tt is e of the flssible, igthe riraary its act Above, The Hayes-Healy Center, constructed this spring for the graduate school will add needed lecture halls, seminar rooms and faculty offices. Left, Dr. William Sexton, professor of management and Dr. Jae Cho, professor of finance. G9 In line with requirements for better graduate business schools, the College of Business is becoming more technically and mathematically oriented. " It is my feel- ing, " says Dr. Edward R. Trubac, assis- tant professor of finance, " that our un- dergraduates have a decided advantage over non-business graduates in business schools; I therefore see a continued and more promising future for our college. " Moreover, Dr. Trubac maintains that the student can obtain a liberal education in the B.B.A. program. Dr. Trubac is one of seven members of the newly formed College Council " which will advise the dean on college matters, including cur- riculum development. " He sees the increase in class size, with its detrimental effect on quality of instruction, as one of the major problems which must be solved. Dr. Trubac received his B.S. from Man- hattan College and Ph.D. in economics from Syracuse in 1965. He joined the faculty of Notre Dame in 1960 and taught while working on his dissertation. He is personally engaged in research in eco- nomic forecasting, experimenting particu- larly with the increased use of computers in this field. He has also done consulting work for industry in economic forecasting. Dr. Trubac brings his ability in fore- casting busines s conditions to play in his Business Conditions Analysis course, where he advises students in their own projects in the field, and in the related use of the UNIVAC 1107. The results, in which the students predict the components of the economy for the coming fiscal year, are published annually in the Notre Dame Student Business Review. 7O FACULTY: Edward R. Trubac Paul P. Conway Harry Worthington Vincent D. Raymond George W. Viger Raymond P. Kent " Whenever I hear students complain- ing about something, I know that they are really concerned about that topic, " says Professor Paul Conway of the fi- nance department. He sees Notre Dame students as being " for the most part, apathetic. " Professor Conway thinks that only a small minority of the student body are actually interested and con- cerned enough about the affairs of the university to really give of their time and efforts and " truly get in- volved. " He himself is a member of the newly organized Faculty Senate, and has been involved in the activities of the by-laws committee. " Thus far I have been amazed at what we have ac- complished. Originally I had feared that the various factions of the faculty would hamper us from even getting a working format going. Of course, it did take some dedicated efforts by Professor Smelser to get the ball rolling, but after he did the initial leg work the harmonious ac- tion of the entire group was tremendous. " Professor Conway is confident that the Faculty Senate will be able to assume a leading role in the affairs of the Uni- versity. " We should be able to serve both the student and the faculty alike, and more important, allow the administration to assume a truly administrative role in the university. After all, a university is essentially designed for the interaction of the faculty and the students, with the administration smoothing the path. " One of Professor Conway ' s most prized associations is with the Finance Club. " As the moderator, I like to point to the club ' s record in a competition with other college finance clubs in the area seven wins in eight attempts; that even tops Ara. " Harry T. Worthington is in his four- teenth year at Notre Dame, and his teach- ing career was preceded by forty years in business. " I was a sort of corporation doctor. I would enter companies when they got in trouble, such as impending bank- ruptcy, and try to get them back on their feet. As soon as I had one company back in good shape, I went on to another. " In this capacity Professor Worthington was able to be a part of a great variety of companies, from paper manufacturers to textile firms, and even heavy industry. This variety enabled him to achieve a rather diversified background, and he feels that it was this broad background that suited him for teaching. " If I had special- ized in just one particular industry, I doubt if the university would have hired me in the first place. " " Teaching here at Notre Dame has been very good for me, " says Professor Worth- ington. " It has kept me around young people, and that has helped me a great deal. The students have become more active and interested over the years, and so has my interest and enjoyment of teaching. " After ten years in industry, Vincent D. Raymond entered the field of business education. He completed his undergraduate work at Rutgers and earned an M.B.A. from Harvard. In 1957 Mr. Raymond came to Notre Dame, where he currently teaches management courses and is also assistant dean of the College of Business Adminis- tration. " I have found the quality of the students to compare with the finest in the country. In my travels to other univer- sities in connection with the M.B.A. pro- gram, I find something missing in the stu- dents when I compare them to the Notre Dame students I have contact with. I even notice this difference in the junior college transfers that we get. While I can ' t put my finger on exactly what it is, I can say that it isn ' t an academic superi- ority. Most likely it occurs in the inter- student interaction. " Dean Raymond believes that " The unique factor in the business program at Notre Dame is our stress on producing good professional managers. Most other colleges attempt too much specialization. I think the success of our graduates justi- fies our methods. The best description of our methods would be that we emphasize the concepts of business instead of the actual specialized practices. " Professor George W. Viger of the ac- counting department has been successful both as a Certified Public Accountant and a teacher. As a controller for three sep- arate plastics and tool corporations in South Bend, Mr. Viger has been closely associated with the current trends and problems of business, especially in in- surance and accounting. His personal ex- periences give a much more practical at- mosphere to his classes. Why does he teach? " Maybe I like it, " is his reply. Mr. Viger came to Notre Dame 18 years ago well qualified, with a B.S. from Louisiana State University and an M.B.A. from the University of Penn- sylvania. He has since added a C.P.A. and a C.I.U. to his record. Mr. Viger speaks optimistically of the opportunities for business students at Notre Dame. One advantage is the school ' s small size, allowing a great deal of per- sonal student-faculty contact. " Relations, " however, " could be better. Classes are too large. You want the individual attention of the students. This is almost impossible under the present system. " Over the years, Professor Viger has witnessed the evolution of the university and readily admits that " teachers are better and more prepared, but the content of the courses hasn ' t changed. The changes we have undergone are more in form than i n content. " In his classes Mr. Viger strives to emphasize the signifi- cance of fact, precision, leadership, and responsibility, but admits that the in- structor does have limitations. " Responsi- bility and integrity are important, but to survive you must learn how to get along with people. Frankly, I don ' t know how to teach that. " " The chief business of American society is business. " With this statement Calvin Coolidge placed business into its proper pre-eminence while recognizing the para- mount influence industry has had on American society. Raymond P. Kent, pro- fessor of finance, has spent 29 years at Notre Dame devoting his time and energy into educating responsible businessmen. In the classroom, his analysis of the enigmas of modern business situations have always been a source of integrated pleasure and learning. Mr. Kent has authored two very thorough and detailed texts, Money and Banking and Corporate Financial Man- agement, both of which are standard texts at Notre Dame. Dr. Kent holds bachelor ' s, master ' s, and doctor ' s degrees from the University of Pittsburgh and has also done postgraduate research at the Uni- versity of Chicago. Dr. Kent supports the " outstanding aca- demic standards of the Business School at Notre Dame. " He warns, however, that " we ought not to be complacent among universities in spite of our achievements. " In conjunction, Mr. Kent cites the institu- tion of the new graduate school of busi- ness as another step forward. He does not feel that the undergraduate program would be " watered down " in any circum- stance by a graduate program. Student- faculty relations will not be affected. He is proud that his " relationships with stu- dents have always been close and friendly. " 71 SCIENCE: DEAN The scientist ' s necessary pre- occupation with research has produced a program both awkward and inflexible. When Bernard Waldman became dean of the Col- lege of Science last September, he assu med the leadership of the fastest-growing sector of the uni- versity. The recently-completed particle accelerator will vastly improve the research potential of the department of physics. Capable of generating up to 15,000,000 ev, the function of the tandem accelerator is to increase the energy of atomic particles in order to cause changes in the nuclear and molecular struc- ture of a target substance. The Life Science Center, currently under construction, will house both the biology department and the germ-free research facilities of Lobund. Most of the research done at Notre Dame is sponsored by the Atomic Energy Commission. Each year the A.E.C. gives between one and two million dollars for projects in the Radiation Lab. Much of this research involves the study of the effects of radiation upon living matter. In science there is a definite need to specialize early, and the resulting program is both awkward and inflexible. Says Waldman, " The student is forced into too narrow a slot too early. He is required to take so many courses in the beginning, that he is left with relatively little choice to the subjects he takes. I would like to see more flexibility. " This early specialization results in a hard push during the first year, and there is a high rate of transfer from science to the other colleges. " There is a great deal of disappointment, " believes Dr. Waldman, " in the first year. It is a vast change from high school, and it is generally just not what the freshmen expected. This is especially true in physics, where students often come to the college having enjoyed working with car engines, radios, and simple electrical gadgets in high school. Yet this is not physics, and they overlook the great deal of mathematics in physics. " Money is a large factor in the competition for qualified faculty, as is the availability of research facilities. About two thirds of the total faculty are those who teach and do research. Those mem- bers who only do research cannot receive tenure, since their research project would cease to exist if their contract were suspended. Librarians and tech- nicians make up the rest of the faculty. Dr. Wald- man notes that, " When a faculty member decides that he wishes to do some type of research, he submits his plan in writing to the appropriate back- ing organization. The government does not come to the University asking for a professor to do some research. Rather, all ideas for research come from the faculty members themselves. " Dean Waldman specializes in low energy nuclear physics, and is a member of many organizations in this field including the National Science Founda- tion ' s Advisory Council on Physics. This council reviews research proposals in the field, and advises the N.S.F. on how to distribute the money it has for research in physics. In World War II he worked at the atomic project at Los Alamos, the first big government-sponsored research project. " Originally the government felt that the project could easily be completed by fifty scientists. Yet before it was completed there were over ten thousand on it. " Above, Dr. Bernard Waldman, dean of the College of Science, points to the architect ' s rendering of the partially complete Life Science Center. The center houses much of the LOBUND research facilities and the department of biology. The center is financed partly by SUMMA funds and partly by a 4.7- million dollar grant from the National Science Foundation. Above, senior Brian McCarthy in cat anatomy lab. A National Science Foundation grant has started a momentum for the College of Science. Ironically, the most prominent characteristic of the College of Science over the years has been its rela- tive anonymity to the non-scientific community. The reasons for this situation would seem to be ex- tremely diverse and fostered as much by the scien- tific community itself as by the non-scientific. Sci- ence students and professors are often notoriously typed by many as " far out, " voluntarily exiled from the real world. Certainly, in reviewing the year 1967-68, the statement requires some modification. This year has been one of the college ' s most active. Science may well be the most exciting place on campus. It is rather difficult to define the excitement that has developed in science. Its ingredients may be partially appreciated by a non-involved person by referring to a few facts that are not always found in the college bulletin. Above all else, there was the hint of newness in the college with the further ad- vancement of microbiology, bio-chemistry and bio- physics, and solid state physics " fields in which Notre Dame can make a significant contribution, " in the words of Dean Bernard Waldman. On May 10, 1967, the National Science Founda- tion designated the University " A Center of Ex- cellence. " Full approval was given to a proposal requesting a grant of $4.78 million in a science de- velopment program to be expended over a three or five year period. The needs for renovating present facilities, obtaining new and sophisticated equip- ment, hiring more educators and researchers, and the general expansion of research opportunities in the community posed formidable problems. Five million dollars and the grant ' s first anniversary have not worked any miracles, but they have marked a new momentum. The grant seeks to augment three broad areas: faculty, departmental equipment, and building facilities. A total of thirty men are to be added to the various faculties in the near future. The first half of the Life Sciences Building south of the library is already occupied and the second half is scheduled to be started next fall. 75 Opposite, above, professor Emil T. Hofman in his infamous fresh- man chemistry course. Dramatic development in microbiology, biochemistry, biophysics, and solid state physics. 76 A chemistry research building is presently in the planning stages. 1967 saw the installation of a $1.87 million Van de Graaff generator to accelerate low energy nuclear physics research. Added to these de- velopments was the five million dollars received by the 120 members of the research and teaching fac- ulty and the 40 members of the professional research and specialists faculty for individual programs. But something lies even closer to the meaning of excitement in the college. Science is no different from any other pursuit in its need for inter-school and inter-group communication ; it is probably even more important in light of this area ' s dependence on uniting techniques and knowledge from a variety of very specific disciplines. Through the " Challenges in Science " lecture series, Notre Dame hosted Dr. Charles A. Hufnagel, heart surgeon and 1937 grad- uate ; Dr. Frederick Seitz, President of the National Academy of Science; Dr. Willard Libby, California Nobel Prize winner; and Dr. W. 0. Baker, of Bell Telephone Laboratories. The Nieuwland lecture series, supported by royalties from the original patents of Rev. Julius Nieuwland of Notre Dame, welcomed biologist Rene Dubos and biochemist Severe Ochoa, Nobel Prize winner from New York University. A third lecture series, the chemistry department ' s Reilly series, added the names of Rabinowitch and Eschenmoser to the calendar. The other part of the excitement of science is probably the most important part of any year be- cause it is the college ' s reason for existence: the faculty-graduate-undergraduate relationship. Per- 77 The price of advancing education may well be increasing competition Above, professor Cornelius P. Browne is working on the installation of the physics department ' s new 1.87 million dollar particle accelera- tor. Right, a view of the interior of the accelerator. haps this is the source of the undergraduate ' s ap- parent aloofness. Too often, potential excitement has failed to be actualized in individual students. The price of advancing education may very well be increasing competition. Dr. Ralph Thorson, biology department chairman, noted recently, " it is unfor- tunate, but too often the science major in worrying about grades chooses to bypass excellent films or lectures, for instance, associated with the literary festival. " At the other extreme in the context of stu- dent life, science may take on the proportions of a second loyalty. It is a difficult task to develop the professional interest while maintaining close ties with extracurricular affairs. Since 80 percent of the undergraduates go on to graduate work in science, grades become relatively important. Dean Waldman notes, " grades can be a measure of motivation as well as ability. We are constantly being measured against others and our own capacity, whether it be in graduate school or job application. The student has to worry about his grades since they along with his graduate exams may well determine his advanced education. " Wheth- er this is good or bad, it has in the past determined the activities of a large number of students. With the obligation of transmitting the excite- ment as well as the black and white textbook mate- rial, the College of Science has turned more and more in the past year to direct faculty-undergrad- uate associations, individual advisory systems, and undergraduate research. While it is not new, the burden of the direct relationship has become more significant in outlining the future of the college: the complete integration of the student in the " Cen- ter of Excellence. " 79 " Chemistry and chemical engineering in the classroom and in the marketplace are two different things. " The chemical in- dustry is primarily concerned with mak- ing money, says Dr. George F. Hennion, while chemistry and research in the uni- versity are not concerned with this. Dr. Hennion balances the two extremes. For many years an industrial consultant, he actively engages in industrial research and process development. At Notre Dame, he devotes his research to " classical " or- ganic chemistry tackling chemical prob- lems experimentally. His research has produced well over 100 published articles, mostly in the Journal of the American Chemical Society and the Journal of Or- ganic Chemistry, and a score of patents. The chemist and the chemical engineer, he says, must be trained in three areas: practical information, physical-chemical- mathematical theory, and laboratory skills. To Dr. Hennion, the de-emphasis of prac- tical information in major sequence courses leaves students with a gap in their education which can only be filled by a program of outside reading. But Dr. Hennion believes that technical education is not paramount to success. What industry wants are " character; per- sonality, particularly the ability to work productively with others; and technical- scientific knowledge in that order. " Notre Dame tries to give its students all three qualities. The university provides the tools to " learn much well fast, and get along with others. " To Dr. Hennion, this is what technical education must offer. Dr. Hennion sees the Notre Dame sci- ence student as " unusually well balanced. " In 40 years as a student and a teacher here, he finds that students have changed little " Lads today are probably some- what more sophisticated and perhaps more cynical than in former times but they still seem to realize that career success depends very much on competence and character. " He feels that " students should be given freedom to the extent that they are will- ing to accept the commensurate responsi- bilities. " The Honor Concept, he says, is a " giant step " in this direction. But in a broader view, he claims that only one rule is needed to govern the entire university: " Every individual member shall conduct himself at all times and in all places as a Christian gentleman-scholar. " 80 A native of Japan, Dr. Yozo Matsushima did his undergraduate work at Osaka University, taking his Ph.D. at Nagoya University in 1947 (the masters degree was not introduced into the Japanese educational system until some time after the war). He taught for a total of twenty years at these two universities while adding other distinctions to his career before his arrival here as a full professor of mathematics in 1966. Be- sides acting as an associate to the Cen- tral Nationale Research Scientifique of Paris in 1954, he was a visiting member of the renowned Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton in 1962 and a visit- ing professor at the University of Gre- noble, France for the 1965-66 academic year. In addition to conducting a Pro-Semi- nar for graduate students, Dr. Matsu- shima teaches Algebra III to science and arts and letters math majors. His re- maining professional efforts are concen- trated in the analysis of Lie groups, about which he is writing several papers. Based on his literally world-wide teach- ing experience, he has some interesting observations to make on the contrast be- tween American academic pressure and that of Asia and Europe. In Japan and France, competition in high school is extremely high, because the social sys- tem dictates the expediency of attending the best colleges and universities. A con- siderable portion of the students who gain entrance to these schools tend to " relax " and " devote considerable time to political involvement. " Dr. Matsushima, who has a son at Adams High School in South Bend, notes that secondary education in this country is much more relaxed because of the abundance of good colleges and universities, but that the average Notre Dame student is a " much harder worker " than his Japanese or French counterpart and is " much more sensitive to his grade. " Dr. Julian F. Haynes of the biology de- partment is a first-rate coelenterate mor- phologist. After receiving his A.B. from Rice University and Ph.D. from Western Reserve University, he has devoted most of his research to this area. However, he explains that " your mind has to be warped into a particularly narrow crevice to ap- preciate the development of a coelenter- ate. " A conversation with Dr. Haynes soon switches to crevices with slightly wider appeal. Among his chief interests are new methods in teaching. Dr. Haynes heads the New Modern Concepts in Science course open to freshmen with non-science intents. The course makes extensive use of films, tapes, and other teaching ma- chines. In using the machines the student advances at his own rate, learning much of the basic information without the neces- sity of an instructor. Dr. Haynes believes that " by freeing the teacher from 90% of previously wasted time, he can devote his time to in-depth teaching with seminars and smaller classes. " In line with this idea, the students in the course meet in small " assembly groups " each week. While Dr. Haynes admits that there are yet many faults with this method, " we cannot afford to pass over these advances until we have discovered what benefits they hold. The common lecture-lab program of study can obviously be greatly improved. " Dr. Haynes has spent the last two years as a prefect on Keenan Hall ' s third floor. About Notre Dame he says: " I came here because I was impressed by a young, ac- tive faculty that seemed to be going somewhere. This is a good place for an undergrad; he has a unique opportunity here. The school is small enough so he does not become a mere face in a lecture room, and yet large enough to expose him to contemporary exchanges with outside people. " Haynes has been encouraged by students ' ability to take on responsibility. He is especially interested in working to- ward a " cohesive union " in student-faculty relations. " I still think that the student should not determine my salary, " he says, (as suggested by the National Association of Student Governments) " but I ' m finding more each year that the students can contribute to our faculty. " The student has it easy in Dr. Harvey A. Bender ' s 9:30 MWF course. He can use the first fifteen minutes of class time to doze, read the paper, work the crossword puzzle or, yes, listen. He ' ll hear names like Sturtevant, Morgan, Bridges, Watson, and Crick. He ' ll learn how each of them caught and trained their first Drosophila. He ' ll learn the eating, drinking, and sleep- ing habits of Gregory Mendle (Doctor Bender was his bottle washer). He ' ll learn that soon, very soon, geneticists will rule the world and change the chromosomes of anyone who disobeys. This quarter hour is Harvey Bender ' s way of express- ing the excitement of genetics. Doctor Bender received his bachelor ' s from Western Reserve and doctorate from Northwestern. Following postgraduate work at Berkeley, he came to Notre Dame in 1960. He has since taught genetics to both graduates and undergraduates. In addition, he has done extensive research in developmental genetics. Presently he is studying the effects of addition of new genetic material in his beloved fly, Droso- phila melanogastor. By irradication he has caused breakage of the chromosomes, which results in abnormal replication, producing an extra chromosome. In study- ing the resulting " double doses " of certain genetic elements (genes) he uncovers more information about the specification of these genes. As he describes it, " We ' re creating our own genetic systems and watching them grow . . . which is kind of fun, you know. " Dr. Bender excels in one other area: football score predictions. Each Friday ' s class during the season ends with a pre- diction. One year he met with such suc- cess that WSND asked him to give his predictions the night before each game. Last year, however, his percentage slipped and he has temporarily retired from show business. FACULTY: George F. Hennion Yozo Matsushima Julian F. Haynes Harvey A. Bender Thomas P. Fehlner Walter C. Miller " It was nice to get off by myself as the director of my own little program, " says Dr. Thomas Fehlner in regard to teaching. " If I had gone into industry I would have been a small cog for many years until I reached the management level. " Dr. Fehlner is currently in his fourth year of teaching at Notre Dame. He compliments his teaching by research involving the phosphorous hydrides, and has assisted a few undergraduates in a study of chemical reactions that take place in ice. Dr. Fehlner sees an importance in in- troducing more flexibility into the pro- grams of science majors and as such he often advises students to take as many arts and letters courses as they can. Says Dr. Fehlner, " I had a liberal arts program on the undergraduate level my- self, and while I had to struggle a bit to fill in the gaps early in grad school and to catch up to those students whose un- dergraduate background was in science, I think I was at a distinct advantage in the long run. " Dr. Fehlner believes, " Probably the largest problem facing undergraduate science students is the tug-of-war between business and grad school after the B.S. " " Physics 25-26 " and " Dr. Miller " are fa- miliar names for 250 or 300 engineers by the conclusion of their sophomore year. Dr. Walter C. Miller is the exclusive teacher of third and fourth semesters of the general physics required of all engi- neering students. Presenting a required course to a large body of students involves significant problems and Dr. Miller at- tempts to solve them by a vigorous lecture and more personal tutorial program. After receiving his bachelor ' s degree from St. Joseph ' s College in Philadelphia and his masters from Notre Dame, Dr. Miller worked on both the University of Chicago and Los Alamos divisions of the Manhattan Project before taking his doc- torate here in 1948. He has been in our physics department since then and is now a full professor. In addition to the physics course, which comprises his teaching as- signment, he devotes several hours a week to advising five graduate students, three of whom are working on their Ph.D. dis- sertations. He is also correspondent-prin- cipal investigator of an Office of Naval Research contract with the university and co-principal investigator for a National Science Foundation grant in nuclear phy- sics. A large part of the grant is directed towards the construction of the new two- and-a-half million dollar Van de Graff accelerator which will supplement the older model constructed under the direc- tion of Dr. Waldman and Dr. Miller himself. " The transition which the university is undergoing is reflected in the students ' more aggressive demands for freedoms which they should have. " Speaking from personal experience, Dr. Miller sees an acceptance of responsibility as a necessary condition for the increased freedom. As chairman of the faculty advisory commit- tee to the Honor Council, a position which he finds most gratifying " because of the maturity of the students involved, " he was instrumental in the formulation and es- tablishment of the honor code, then the Honor Concept. Before a recent increase in student responsibility, he notes, such an ideal was impossible; several years ago the student body voted down an honor code " because they weren ' t ready to ac- cept the responsibility. " 81 Paul R. Chagnon is a devoted recorder player, a dedicated researcher in nuclear structure, and a fascinating teacher of phy- sics. He is a quiet, soft-spoken man with a subtle sense of the ironic that makes his class lectures consistently interesting. Dr. Chagnon received his bachelor ' s from Holy Cross and his doctorate from Johns Hopkins and taught for several years at the University of Michigan be- fore coming to Notre Dame in 1963. He teaches undergraduate courses in elec- tronic devices and electricity and optics. He is a specialist in nuclear structure and currently heads a group of graduate stu- dents investigating energy levels of atomic nuclei. Using the University ' s four Mev van der Graaff generator, Dr. Chagnon ac- celerates a helium nucleus which then col- lides with a pre-determined molecule. The energy level differences before and after collision enable Dr. Chagnon and his asso- ciates to predict the exact structure of this molecule. Dr. Chagnon feels that the major strength of the physics department is the " concern shown for the undergraduate students and the help and encouragement " that they are given from all members of the department. 82 FACULTY: Paul R. Chagnon James D. Stasheff George B. Craig Theodore J. Starr Roger K. Bretthauer B. Sobochinski For James D. Stasheff, " mathematics is a gratuitous activity in the best sense in the sense that music and poetry are gratuitous. " It is an activity that need not refer beyond its intrinsic beauty and justification, " he says. However, " prag- matic arguments can be adduced in favor of it to satisfy even the most hard-nosed of pursestring holders when necessary. Questions as to relevance become otiose, when, as with music or poetry, the ques- tioner is taught to appreciate mathe- matics himself. " Dr. Stasheff, who holds Ph.D. ' s from Oxford and Princeton, joined the faculty in 1962. A specialist in topology, he teaches graduate courses in that field and the honors calculus section to fresh- man mathematics majors. He will spend next year in research on a grant from the Sloane Foundation. " A mathematician, " according to Dr. Stasheff, " is a man who sees patterns. One who by his training and abilities is equipped to explore and chart unknown reaches of mathematics, the creation of the mind that paradoxically seems to have an existence apart from it, and whose revelation to the mind is a mys- terious and never-ending process. " Since 1960, Dr. George B. Craig of the biology department has been heading a group of 20 professors, graduates, and un- dergraduates studying a peculiar type of family planning. Their subject is Aedes Aegypti. This mosquito is responsible for the spread of yellow fever and other parasitic and viral diseases found in the tropics and subtropics, including the south- eastern United States. In recent years a greater amount of time and money has been poured into the use of insecticides with increasingly poorer results as resis- tance to these insecticides builds in the mosquito. " Entomological work, " says Dr. Craig, " was stymied by the widespread belief that chemical agents such as DDT were the only answer. The insecticide re- search almost destroyed imagination " . However, the " creative entomology " of Craig ' s Mosquito Genetics Project is loaded with imagination, and the results look ex- tremely promising. Working with Craig are Dr. Morton Fuchs (biochemical genet- ics) and Dr. K. S. Rai (cytogenetics) of Notre Dame, and Dr. William Hickey of St. Mary ' s. Their methods have included distorting the sex ratio in mosquito col- onies, inducing sterility in males and in- jecting females with a substance which prevents insemination. In one of the genetic control methods, Craig ' s group made the mosquito his own enemy. They have produced a mutant strain whose prog- eny are 95 percent males. When a large number of these are released in an in- fected area, they soon breed themselves into extinction. One such population was thus eradicated in 42 weeks. Last summer, Craig ' s Project set free ten thousand mos- quitos with a special genetic marking. En- couraging results were obtained as off- spring from this group began turning up in surrounding areas. This spring, over a million male mosquitos were released (the females are the biters) for further study. Dr. Craig sees much work ahead. " Insect protoplasm has a way of snapping back. You just can ' t go out and spray them to death, and our methods may do nothing more than show new strengths of this hardy mosquito. The traditional control is death-control. From sociologists we are be- ginning to learn that birth control is an- other means. " The work of Theodore J. Starr, an inte- gral member of the microbiology depart- ment, belies the frequent complaint that the researcher and the teacher cannot be combined. The two complement each other on every level of his work. Much of his research centers on the behavior of the organism under germ-free conditions; he is searching for a more fundamental un- derstanding of the life processes through the use of a specialized environment. Searching for control on every level of an experiment, the researcher becomes fully aware of a universal doubt neces- sary to realize the flaws of the scientific mode. This real sense of the nature of scientific knowledge gives the teacher the added insight possible only through re- search situations. University research and its support by the federal government have been ques- tioned since the University of Pennsyl- vania controversy last year. Dr. Starr, speaking from an informed position on the scene, suggests preliminarily that the present structures of the academic com- munity make it necessary that the sup- port of the government be accepted. He defends the present system of support for the individual researcher and rejects the notion that funds should go directly to the university administration. Such a group, he feels, would probably be one-directional in their management of funds and such a monolith would negate the entire valid- ity of research coordinated with teaching. He does suggest that the framework of an institute might be a more effective method of broadening the support procedures now used and points to the success of the AEC supported Radiation Research Institute on campus in removing the burden of obtain- ing grants for research from the individual. There is no department of biochemistry here at Notre Dame. It exists as a divi- sion of the department of chemistry. " When I first came to Notre Dame four years ago, " related Dr. Roger K. Brett- hauer, " there was only one other profes- sor of biochemistry in the department and only two graduate courses. At first we had to teach other courses in other ' areas, of chemistry. I conducted some labs for pre-med students, in order to fulfill the minimum teaching requirements of the University. Now we have five graduate courses in addition to seminar programs. " Rapid growth has been the best phase to describe the biochemistry program since that time. " We now have four pro- fessors and eventually hope to achieve a critical mass of six professors in our area. The recent National Science Foun- dation grant to the University will be a great help to our progress. " As a consequence of the building pro- cess of his field, Dr. Bretthauer has had little time for outside activities. " At first I had to get my feet on the ground with respect to teaching and a research pro- gram, then we began to refurbish our research laboratory facilities completely that wasn ' t an overnight task! " Currently, Dr. Betthauer is involved in the planning and implementing of an interdisciplinary program between the departments of microbiology, biology, chemistry, and physics. " The main task of this program will be to encourage and aid over-lapping research in these disci- plines. We hope it will enhance Notre Dame in the eyes of both professors and graduate students, and will enable us to expand our research in each of these disciplines. " Dr. Bretthauer advises many students in their research. " Our graduate stu- dents are good and do not lack in ability. However, when they first arrive they do lack knowledge of biochemistry. This is through no fault of their own. It ' s just that there are very few undergraduate majors in biochemistry offered at Ameri- can universities. " Dr. Boleclaw Sobochinski is both a scholar and a political refugee from his native Poland. The tension in his life has driven him to become an outstanding scholar in formal logic and the leading proponent of the Lesniewski school of logic in the world. He spent some years teaching at Warsaw after completing his doctorate and his Privat Dozen both at the pre-war University of Warsaw and in those parts of it that went underground during the war. As a result of his wartime involve- ment with the Polish Resistance, he was denied his first faculty nomination and forced into hiding in his native country. He subsequently fled to Belgium and final- ly to the United States where he first worked on the logical design of computers. He has taught mathematics here since 1956. Dr. Sobochinski ' s interests center on symbolic logic and the foundations of mathematics. The unique recognition ac- corded the achievement of Lukasiewicz and Lesniewski and the rest of the Polish school has resulted largely through the efforts of Dr. Sobochinski; in America and England the basic, and opposed, logic has been that of Russell and Whitehead ' s Principia Mathematics. Dr. Sobochinski has used the tension between the two to further creative dialog, especially in the Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic, which he founded in 1960 and has edited since then. 84 FOREIGN STUDIES: The University of Sophia in Toyko has been added, with plans for expansion to Formosa and Chile. While it does not receive as much publicity as many other university programs do, the Sophomore Year Abroad is one of the most popular, successful, and important. Knowing France, Austria, and Japan as places on a map is one thing, touring them on a three week vacation another, but living there for an entire year is a unique and culturally enriching experience. Besides acquainting the students with a different culture and providing the best circum- stances for learning to speak another language fluently, the Sophomore Year Abroad affords the student with an opportunity to meet and understand people whose life is altogether different from that in the United States. These students return with invaluable knowledge, experience, and an expanded view of th e world. Presently Notre Dame has three such programs. The first was initiated four years ago in conjunc- tion with the University of Innsbruck in Austria. A year later Notre Dame and Saint Mary ' s arranged a similar agreement with the University of France at Angers. Then last year the program was expanded to another continent when Notre Dame sent thirteen students to the University of Sophia in Tokyo, Ja- pan. William Burke, dean of the Freshman Year of Studies, states that, " the idea of studying abroad has become so popular that I have begun arrange- ments with universities in both Formosa and Chile. " Having interviewed hundreds of freshmen, Dean Burke notes that an increasing number of students have come to Notre Dame primarily concerned with " an ardent desire to serve mankind rather than a mere desire for the financial rewards of a college education. " This observation is easily verified by a few of the freshmen who will participate in the program next year. Kevan Wifvat, who will study in Innsbruck, hopes that, " by exchanging ideas with Austrian students, I can better understand their problems and at the same time help to alleviate some of the misconceptions which they might have about Americans and our problems. " Henry Ring, who will study at Sophia, hopes to better understand the United States involvement in the conflict in Southeast Asia by observing the basic contradictions between the two cultures and listening to the views of the Japanese students which could shed a new light on the situation. This year there are 36 sophomores at Innsbruck, 36 Notre Dame and Saint Mary ' s students at An- gers, and 13 sophomores at Sophia. Next year the number of participants in the Sophia segment will be increased to 22. The prerequisites are exacting enough to permit only those students whose desire Opposite, above, the members of the Innsbruck Foreign Studies group (in alphabetical order) are Robert Arnot, Tim Berry, Chris- topher Bonwit, Charles Bradley, Paul Buchbinder, Ken Buser, Michael Celizic, Chris Cotter, Bob Coughlin, Martin Donlan, David Edmonds, Jeff Eisenman, Colthaddeus Gage, Tim Forward, Michael Gerrity, Tom Heinen, John Higgins, Earl Kurd, Albert Isenman, James Laflin, Leo Lensing, Bob Northup, Michael Nussbaum, James O ' Connell, James Peters, Richard Riehle, Richard Schlegel, Dan Sedley, Charles Shafer, Stephen Shields, Stephen Tapscott, J. Bene- dict Thomas, Richard White, Brian Wilson, Robert Wingerson, Michael Yarbrough. Opposite, below, the members of the Sophia Foreign Studies group are: Henry Domzalski, Charles Holmes, John Huskey, Robert Miko, Terrence O ' Brien, Michael Otto, David Scott, Frank Sesek, Ribert Simons, Thomas Smith, Enrico Doggett, Dennis Devlin, and Louis Sandock. 85 Above, Notre Dame students in Angers, France, in a basketball game with students from Bordeau and celebrating their victory afterward in Angers ' City Hall. Opposite, above, the members of the Angers Foreign Studies group (in alphabetical order) are: Sergio Baeza, Richard Barber, Warren Bowles, Lawrence Brisson, Donald Buckley, Michael Byrnes, Robert Colson, James Crowe, Daniel Dillon, Thomas Edman, John Fonseca, Patrick Kealy, Thomas Kronk, John Lyons, James McConn, Hugh McKenna, David Mikelonis, Stephen Mysliwiec, Clement Nilan, Daniel Oberst, Thomas O ' Connell, William Patrick, Robert Petrie, Robert Schmuhl, Kevin Smith, David Testone, Trujillo Andres, Thomas Ward, Gregory Wood, Carolyn Bayer, Marybeth Bradfish, Judith Courtney, Lynne Hauck, SuAnn Malone, Dorothy Strieber, and Christine Turkal. Students look to sports, travel, folkdancing, and a Marxist-Leninist Party meeting for their most important foreign contacts. is genuine and are academically capable of partici- pating in the programs. Students must pass a rigor- ous and comprehensive course in the language, at- tend many extracurricular meetings, maintain a high cumulative average, and be in good health. The courses the sophomores take at the foreign universities are similar to those they would be tak- ing at Notre Dame, except that they are taught in the native language. While the curriculum varies from time to time, it generally consists of history, literature, theology, philosophy, international law, and a social science. Many of the students who study abroad report that the non-academic activities are really the most beneficial. Brian Wilson, currently at Innsbruck, attends classes in fencing and folk dancing. " The outside activities are the best way to make contact with the Austrians, particularly those of our age. " Five students attended a meeting of the Marxist- Leninist Party of Austria. After listening to con- tinuous verbal condemnations of the United States, a few, to their later surprise, rose in defense of our policies. The meeting resulted in a violent shouting contest and was quickly dispersed to avoid a fight. Those who have studied abroad for a year feel the academic schedule is particularly good in its allowing extra time for free excursions by the stu- dents. A number of lengthy vacations are periodi- cally spaced during the year to permit extensive travel throughout Europe. During the month-long Christmas vacation this year, Charles Bradley and Marty Donlon toured Florence, Rome, the Vatican, Pisa, Naples, and Athens and were able to attend the Pope ' s Mass and hear his message on Christmas Day. Some students were able to travel through the Balkans and into Western Turkey. On the return trip they were involved in a minor automobile acci- dent in Yugoslavia. " Getting out of that one made a speeding ticket in a hick town seem like kinder- garten, " remarked John Higgins. Still other students spent the entire vacation skiing on the slopes of Austria and Switzerland. The popularity of the Sophomore Year Abroad program is testimony to its importance and worth. With the proposed expansion of the program in the near future, more students will be able to partici- pate and experience life in a different culture. As in many of the other outstanding programs in the uni- versity, the major drawback to the Sophomore Year Abroad program is the small number of students that can participate. 86 rtici- igor- :,at- tat htis aries itory, law, iport most rack, " The itact ige. " list- con- ates, ' our feel i its sta- iodi- and can, :end mas ugh ;urn icci- lade der- jnts !0f 87 " A Above, Clay Billingsley leads Ed Odmark and Myron Cramer through winter field exercises. Opposite, above, Major Walter Burns presents Cadet Thomas Mignanelli with the Cadet of the Month Award. Opposite, below, The department heads of Navy, Air Force and Army ROTC are, left to right, Cap- tain Louis J. Papas, Colonel Victor J. Ferrari, Colonel John J. Stephens. 88 ROTC: Training to give cadets some idea of the problems of an officer in command: more than lessons in shoe shining, good grooming and straight lines. Some warm afternoon in mid May the casual ob- observer is likely to notice a great deal of activity along Notre Dame Avenue in the field just South of the Continuing Education Center. Through the crowd of protesters and sign carriers he may pos- sibly be able to catch a glimpse of several hundred uniformed men, either standing or marching in near- perfect military bearing. Now, if this same observer were to stop and inquire into the proceedings, he would be told that he was witnessing Notre Dame ' s Annual ROTC Presidential Review. Notre Dame ' s Air Force, Navy, and Army Reserve Officer Training Corps units offer a great deal more than lessons on shining shoes, keeping hair trimmed, and marching in a straight line. For grooming the outside man is only one task met by the ROTC. A second is handled in the classroom. Classes cover literally hundreds of subjects from the operation and handling of various weapons, to navigation, historical facts and political theories about the operation of the U.S. government, NATO, and the United Nations. In addition each year the Air Force sponsors a series of weekly lectures, open to the public, on topics ranging from commando tactics to a lecture by the assistant Secretary of the Air Force John A. Lang, Jr. Air Force cadets also have the opportunity to go to many of the important military installations in the country such as NASA headquarters, Cape Kennedy, and Mather AFB (the Air Force Navigator Training Center) . The ROTC units also act as service organizations to the campus. The Army Drill Team carries the Notre Dame name to many of the nation ' s major drill meets; honor guards, made up of members of all services are sometimes sent to greet visiting dignitaries ; the Bi-military (Army-Air Force) Band plays upon request for activities of both the uni- versity and South Bend ; and, of course, there is the familiar honor guard which takes part in the flag raising ceremony at each football game. Naturally, a major part of ROTC training is to give the cadets some idea of the problems and re- sponsibilities of being an officer in command. For this reason much of the actual administrative con- trol is done by the cadets themselves. This year the student commanders of the three units were : Cadet Col. Thomas V. Chema (Air Force), Cadet Midn. Cmdr. James S. Polk (Navy), and Cadet Col. Joseph B. Mannelly (Army). These three men had the enormous task of making sure that everything spon- sored by the ROTC this year occured on time. 89 LAW SCHOOL: New Law School Dean Lawless confronts a problem: the draft. On the eve of its centennial, the Notre Dame Law School saw a change in deans, as Joseph O ' Meara, who had served as dean since 1952, was replaced by Judge William B. Lawless, formerly of the New York Supreme Court. Dean O ' Meara was responsi- ble for many innovations in the curriculum during his 13-year tenure as dean of the school, including improvements in the academic standards and the six-year combination programs with the Colleges of Arts and Letters and Business Administration. Dean Lawless is no stranger to Notre Dame, having graduated from the Law School in 1944 and served as President of the 3000-member Notre Dame Law Association. While a student he was editor-in- chief of the Notre Dame Lawyer, the school ' s stu- dent review. Lawless is faced with an immediate problem during his first year as dean: the draft. " With the change in the draft laws, " says Dean Lawless, " there is no doubt that our future enroll- ment will be somewhat affected. However, I doubt that it will be as drastic a hinderance as most people make it out to be. After all most of the law students will be old enough to be by-passed by their draft boards. Still there will be, no doubt, a number of potentially excellent law students whose education will be disrupted by their being drafted. " He fore- sees one major innovation as being almost a dire necessity, the introduction of an overseas program, in which second year law students will be sent to England for a year of study. Says Dean Lawless, " Since the foundation of our legal system is that of the British, I think such a program is not just a supplement but a necessity. " The only contact between law students and under- graduates of any consequence is at the prefects dorm resident level. But a close relationship with undergraduates is difficult to attain. One prefect who has tried to remain more of a person and less of an overseer is Steve Madonna, a senior in the Law School and the fourth floor prefect in Breen- Phillips Hall. " If I was to just be a tyrannical judge and enforcer to the students, " says Madonna, " I feel that I would be misinterpreting my job. I should also try to help the students. However, it is the proverbial two-way street, for there are many times when I learn something of value from the undergraduates. " One opportunity for closer contact is the Moot Court. Senior law students get an opportunity to try hypothetical cases with a judge from the district court in South Bend on the Bench. Undergraduates are chosen to act as jurors. For prospective law students this offers an excellent chance to see first- hand the actual procedure of a trial, and some of the pains that a young lawyer can have as he is con- stantly reprimanded by the bench for his errors. However, this program goes unheralded and un- known to most undergraduates. If such programs were more publicized and more frequented, a closer interaction between law students and the rest of the university could be more than a fond hope. 90 Above, Bernard Ward, professor of law, answers questions after his Contracts class. The class is required of all first year law students. 91 The proper time for assessing an institution, for seriously viewing its contributions to the society it is a part of, is when it is on its deathbed ; normally the assessment is prompted by attempts to revive the institution. In the case of the Graduate School here, and indeed, graduate education in America today, that is not the case; the plain situation is that a comatose state has been assigned it by the government of this country. Notre Dame ' s Grad- uate School expects to have two hundred fewer Above, Rev. Paul Beichner, C.S.C., dean of the Graduate School and a distinguished Chaucerian. Below, The tenth-floor carrell in the library of Ralph Pastore, a history doctoral candidate. Opposite, right, the " pit " in the basement of the library that serves cold food and acts as a meeting place for Arts and Letters graduate students. Opposite, below, a graduate physics seminar in Nieuwland Science Hall. GRADUATE SCHOOL: A community without definition beyond the department level, the grad school is not at all integrated into the university. students next year. In terms of sheer numbers, that is twenty percent of the student body of the grad- uate school, but in terms of people, that is virtually all of the young men who will receive baccalaureates this June in America and who had intended to pur- sue studies toward a higher degree directly. The other students a few IV-F ' s, women, older men will continue and compose the bulk of the students. The dean of the Graduate School, Paul E. Beich- ner, C.S.C., in discussing this decrease in enroll- ment agreed with the American Council of Grad- uate Schools in their suggestion that the American Universal Military Training Act should be admin- istered through a national lottery using random selection ; in this way, he felt that fewer students ' educations would be interrupted. Father Beichner said that while it is necessary that " every American run the risk of being drafted, " he felt that " to run the risk in such a fashion as to disrupt everything " was a poor policy. To consider the expansions of the University in the past year, excepting the Athletic and Convoca- tion Center, is to look at facilities that serve stu- 92 dents, both undergraduate and graduate, and fac- ulty members. The physics department ' s particle accelerator, the facilities of the new LOBUND lab- oratory, as well as the projected Health Sciences Center and the newly planned Engineering Complex, all serve the three essential components of the uni- versity. But such consideration overlooks one of the basic problems of this community of scholars (and we must always revert to that definition of a uni- versity) and that is simply that these three com- ponents are not integrated at all. The graduate students live their social lives in groups formed along departmental lines; this is the result of the obvious fact of using generally the same facilities in the library or laboratory and tak- ing approximately the same program of courses. Part of the reason this stultifying situation con- tinues is that while the Dean of the Graduate School has actively petitioned the administration to pro- vide facilities for graduate resident students on the campus, the administration has consistently planned around those petitions. The social proximity a grad- uate student dormitory on campus would provide would enrich the whole education opportunity of the graduate school ; this has been demonstrated in part by the graduate women ' s residence, which is on campus, Lewis Hall but Lewis Hall is restricted to religious women. The problem of graduate students getting to know one another is only one side of the more complex problem of bringing about some kind of unity in the entire student body, including both undergraduate and graduate students. The dean of the Graduate School has suggested that such a unity would be un- feasible because many of the graduate students exist in " a no-man ' s land between faculty and students (i.e., undergraduates). " He further contends that they should have a different outlook and should not be involved in what goes on throughout the campus. Their concerns are professional, beginning with get- ting a degree. But these contentions on his part ignore the basic fact of education, ignore, indeed, that the graduate students are here to be educated, not awarded a degree. If the idea of a community of Left, a graduate lab in genetics on the second floor of the Wenninger-Kirsch Biology Building. Above, an individual study carrell on the tenth floor of the library. Opposite, a rare book exhibit in the Medieval Institute, located on the seventh floor of the library. The doctoral thesis: " When you give up the hope of writing a great work on the subject, and finally settle on something they ' ll accept, then you ' re ready to begin writing. " scholars is to have any meaning whatever, then that idea must be given realization by eliminating the artificial distinctions between graduate and under- graduate students. The philosophy of education our Graduate School is now operating with is not one which ultimately warrants the existence of a university, because when an institution becomes nothing more than a circle of fools uttering self-propagating claptrap, then it should at least have the wisdom to perform its final act of grace : it should decree its own aboli- tion. A member of the faculty here recently de- scribed the process of writing a doctoral disserta- tion in this way: " First you have to give up the hope of writing the definitive work on the subject ; then you have to give up the hope of writing a great work on the subject; and you finally settle on writ- ing something they ' ll accept, then you ' re ready to begin writing. " And indeed, Gibbon was right when he wrote : Few works of merit and importance have been executed either in a garret or in a palace. A gentleman possessed of leisure and independence, of books and talent, may be encouraged to write by the distant prospect of reward and honor ; but wretchsd is the author and wretched will be the work where daily diligence is stimu- lated by daily hunger. And too obviously the confusion between degree- granting and educating institutions has shown that while books and talent may be common to both, lei- sure and independence are characteristic only of education and, moreover, not of graduate schools. 95 96 ORGANIZATIONS: Observer starts " We ' re No. 2 " ... Fight for parietal hours begins in the Senate . . . Blue Circle trip to Atlanta . . . Rockefeller Foundation saves NHSP with a $25,OOO grant. Student organizations were sluggish in beginning their activities this fall. But as leadership and or- ganization were established, numerous activities were sponsored for members and other students as well. September: The Observer starts on " We ' re No. 2 " with a two week tenure as local scandal sheet . . . WSND heightens the fall weekend mania with Fighting Irish Radio . . . The Purdue party train . . . October: Student Body President Chris Murphy is declared ineligible to vote in the Student Senate elections for failing to meet the residence require- ments . . . And of course there is his much needed remodeled office . . . Jackhammers rattle in the old Post Office as the Knights of Columbus remodels and suffers on in the basement of Walsh . . . The Student Senate finally does something abolishes the coat and tie rule . . . The band comes through as always with Mary Poppins and the hike step . . . Paul Harvey? . . . The Washington Mobilization . . . Fight for parietal hours begins in the Senate . . . The Ob- server suffers a severe blow in Dennis Gallagher ' s defection to College Bowl . . . The charisma of Lenny Joyce is shattered by the Observer: he was a high school football star . . . Glee Club: John Davidson, Appleton and Boston . . . The Irish Eye . . . YCS and the BX demonstration . . . Bob Blier and Jim Seymour view Irish football on their own weekly WSND sports shows . . . James Kavanaugh . . . Robert Welch . . . The Red Garter Party, Johnny Rivers, the Fifth Dimension, the Four Tops ... At 4 :00 A.M. on O.J. day WSND exhorts, " Go Howard, baby " . . . The Blue Circle Student Trip to Atlanta . . . U.S. Senators Mark Hatfield and Vance Hartke speak out against Viet Nam in separate appearances . . . And the student service commission finally dis- tributes the student directory . . . Then Howard Hall accuses the social commission of rigging the homecoming display judging . . . Cavanaugh denies. November : In typical Notre Dame style Dave Heskin 97 98 angrily inquires, " Where is Flynn? " who quite predictably blames Ward . . . Army Chief of Staff General Harold K. Johnson defends U.S. involve- ment in Viet Nam and is confronted by 100 peace demonstrators . . . The Scholastic features " Russia: A Fifty Year Perspective " . . . CILA counters by selling Christmas cards . . . ISO: Halloween party and Christmas banquet . . . On- campus mail . . . December: Chris Murphy becomes a co-plaintiff in the National Student Association law suit against General Hershey and the draft law . . . The Football Review is received as the best issue of the Scholastic all year Mclnerney goes berserk . . . The academic commission presents U.S. Senators Birch Bayh, Gale McGee and George McGovern to speak on campus . . . The Observer assumes the role of defender of the oppressed: Sister Mary Grace, The Delphic Oracle, Senator McCarthy, and Figel . . . The Blue Circle kicks off its Melvin Phillips Christmas Fund Drive . . . " Santa and the Little Kids " . . . Father Hesburgh dispels hopes for parietal hours in a speech to student leaders . . . the Ombudsman . . . January.- Student Government comes to the rescue of the Neighborhood Study Help Program with a promise of funds from the proceeds of Mardi Gras . . . Rich Rossie ' s sandbox . . . Projection ' 68 . . . Teacher-course evaluation is carried out by the four college advisory councils . . . Mike Browning and the Student Union . . . The Observer infuriates the sports world by substituting a review of the Beatles ' album " The Magical Mystery Tour " for Irish basketball game reports . . . But Heskin did Pat Collins one better by announcing the fewest number of pages given football in Dome history . . . the Campus, Sidelines, the Captain ' s Table . . . February: The Senate supports senior cars and debates parietal hours, stay-hall, and student rights, then waits for a mandate from the General Assembly of Students . . . The Observer publishes three times a week . . . " Notre Dame Dialogue on sale in the dining halls " . . . Sargent Shriver . . . The General Assembly endorses stay hall, pass-fail courses, parietal hours, and student rights . . . Rockefeller Foundation gives NSHP $25,000 . . . The Patriot of the Year game . . . Both news publications increase their call to " Stop the bomb- ing " ... A Walk on the. Wine Side, Mardi Gras . . . The Scholastic runs Army ROTC advertisements and its own counter ads . . . The Student Senate is plagued with resignations and can ' t pass a resolu- tion calling for the separation of Union and Govern- ment . . . The Scholastic endorses Pat Dowd for Student Body President; Mclnerney snaps again. March: The Mock Convention . . . Daddy T. C. " keeps his brown down " on WSND . . . April: Poobahs of 1968 retire; Rossie, Nau, Rembusch, Flynn, Luking, and Cullen take over. Mike Browning and the Student Union . . . Jay Schwartz: the Senior Bar and Figel . . . Dialogue. 99 STUDENT GOVERNMENT: The high point of Chris Murphy ' s administration was the General Assembly of Students in February. The Senate began the definite push for student power early in the year by passing bills calling for hall autonomy and student voice in the making of rules and regulations. The General Assembly of Students, the first of its kind at Notre Dame, en- thusiastically supported the student rights and self- government bill introduced by Human Affairs Stay Senator, Richard Rossie. In the student body presi- dential election three weeks later an overwhelming mandate was given Rossie in his fight for student rights. Though student power was the most apparent and sensational of student government endeavors, many new innovations were enacted. This was the first year of operation of the Student Union, which, under Mike Browning, handled the functional student ser- vices separate from the executive branch except for its budget. Continental breakfast, off -campus apart- ments and organizational cars were obtained through the actions of student government. The high point of Student Body President Chris Murphy ' s administration was undoubtedly the Gen- eral Assembly of Students in early February. The purpose of the assembly was to crystalize student opinion and make it known. The student body re- sponded and passed bills endorsing stay hall, pass- fail courses, parietal hours, and, most importantly, self-government. Finally student government and the administration could see that the students were behind its efforts for student power. Unfortunately, Murphy ' s diligence in affecting an implementation of the Assembly ' s legislation was not adequate, at least in obtaining a speedy agreement. Father Hes- burgh responded to Murphy ' s call for a statement of position by announcing a meeting of trustees to be held in late April. Most administrative work in student government was done by five commissions, all under the general direction of Chris Murphy. The most active one this year was Tom Brislin ' s Hall Life Commission. It initiated the Hall Improvement Committee and the New Dorm Study Committee in which students made suggestions on the living facilities planned in the new high-rise dorms. Mike Jordan ' s Stay Hall Committee worked on the draft of the Stay Hall bill 100 for the General Assembly and after its approval helped each hall plan the change to stay hall next year. The Hall Life Commission was also instrumen- tal in establishing judicial boards in every hall along with hall constitutions. Human Affairs Coordinator John Donohue super- vised the activities of the three commissions on Human Affairs: Civil Rights, Notre Dame-South Bend Relations, and Minority Enrollment. The Civil Rights Commission under John Walsh was not as active this year as in the past but still sponsored several voter registration drives in Hampton Coun- ty, South Carolina, and a project in a Chicago ghet- to. Don Wycliff ' s Committee on Minority Enrollment worked with the more than 30 Negro freshmen and helped overcome some of their difficulties especially in the lack of social life. It also started a program of recruiting Negro students on a personal level in present students ' own cities. The Notre Dame-South Bend Relations committee under Gene Cavanaugh sought to improve ties with South Bend by arrang- ing dinners during Thanksgiving and semester break holidays. The Student Affairs Commission this year focused more attention on international students and tried to integrate them more fully into the life of the university. The Off-Campus commission continued to operate under Student Affairs and initiated the off-campus information service. Student Rights commissioner, Pat Malloy arranged the talk given by Father Hesburgh to student leaders in December. Student Life Coordinator, Mike Crutcher, explained that Student Affairs handled mostly " menial " jobs and next year it is to be combined with Hall Life. Academic Affairs Coordinator Phil Rathweg, working with Clark Stanton, put out the first Notre Dame teacher-course evaluation booklet and con- tinued an extensive Free University program. Pass- fail courses and revised cut systems were discussed and faculty opinion was secured. Public Relations Coordinator, Mike McCauley, worked to keep cam- pus publications and alumni organizations informed of activities in student government. The Student Union in its first year operated effi- ciently and smoothly due to the efforts of Union Opposite, Student Body President Chris Murphy. Above, Student Union President Mike Browning. 101 In its first year, the Student Union handled over a quarter million dollars in its three commissions. President, Mike Browning. The Union, responsible for the service aspect of student government, was slow getting started, in setting up an effective ad- ministration and getting personnel ready. But the Union administration quickly overcame the basic problems and efficiently managed the more than quarter of a million dollars which passed through its hands during the year. The Academic Commission, headed by Chuck Nau, provided one of the big surprises in student govern- ment in its outstanding programs of distinguished speakers, free movies, and debates. The commission also sponsored several Oxford-style debates and was responsible for the displays in the library concourse. The free movie series presented " Tom Jones, " " The Loved One, " and " The Black Fox. " The Commission also put on the Mock Republican Convention under the direction of Tom Chema. Jim Mulhern, student service commissioner, handled that commission which was responsible for regular student services such as on-campus mail, the Student Union Press, campus paks, and the stu- dent directory. The Student Organizations Commis- sion operated under Student Service and published lists of all clubs and their presidents. The huge job of getting phones put into four halls was also handled by Mulhern ' s commission. The Social Commission again sponsored numerous 102 Opposite, above, Bill Rigney, NSA co- ordinator; Opposite below, Tom Goundrey, student government treasurer; above, Jim Mulhern, student services commissioner, Pete Toomey, vice-president of the student union, Tom Nelson, social commissioner, and Chuck Nau, academic commissioner; left, Steve Anderson, head of judicial board, Mike McCauley, public relations coordinator and Tom Brislin, hall life commissioner. 103 . 104 After a very active first semester, the Senate spent two months searching for new areas for comment. social activities designed to " make the long winter a little shorter. " Football season concerts included performances by the New Christey Minstrels, Johnny Rivers, and the Fifth Dimension, and the Four Tops, considered by many the best show in a number of years. Henry Mancini and Marvin Gaye appeared second semester in concert. The Commis- sion again put on Homecoming and Mardi Gras weekends along with a Christmas dance. The Col- legiate Jazz Festival was one of the most successful in recent years. Unlike past years the Senate met regularly the first semester and quite surprisingly passed meaningful resolutions. Early in the year the Senate abolished the coat and tie rule and also deleted from its constitution a clause prohibiting the Senate from taking actions contrary to Admin- istrative regulations. The Senate endorsed student power and hall autonomy in its declaration on stu- dent rights, stating that students should have the ultimate authority to make and enforce all rules and regulations dealing only with students. Senior cars were approved before Christmas. Problems arose second semester as Chris Murphy was often absent and unable to chair the Senate meetings. The Senate was also plagued with resig- nations this year as four senators quit, having be- come dissatisfied with what one called a " lack of identity and unity. " After the General Assembly ' s mandate for student power the Senate spent close to two months searching for new areas for com- ment, and meetings were held irregularly. The major piece of legislation second semester was Lyons Senator Jon Sherry ' s bill calling for estab- lishment of a student judicial board to " enforce all rules which pertain directly to the good order of the student community. " Tom McKenna and off- campus Senator Paul Higgins introduced bills on Viet Nam, the draft, and ROTC, intending to stimu- late debate on campus. A major shortcoming of the year was the Sen- ate ' s failure to act on the bill which would have removed the selection of the Student Union Presi- dent from politics. The Union president is still appointed by the president-elect of the student body instead of by the former Union administration as was desired by Browning. During this year ' s student body presidential cam- paign, the Senate came under criticism from sev- eral candidates. A major change advocated was to replace the Senate with the Hall Presidents Council as the representative body on campus. The Student Senate did something this year but an increased change in the " consciousness " toward meaningful representation is necessary if the Senate is to main- tain any kind of a vital link with the student body. Opposite, above. Members of the Student Senate: Jim Schaefer, Tom McKenna, Senate vice-president; Craig Fenech, Larry Brode- rick, Jon Sherry, Bob Rigney, Dave Kelly, secretary of the Senate; John Rank, Tom Duffy, Phil Rathweg, Steve Berry, Mike Mead, Rich Storatz, Bill Miller, Mike Kelly, Mike Kendall, Guy DeSapio, Tom Kassin, John Hickey, John Pearson, Rick Silvestri, Mike Pohl- meyer, John Powers, John Moore, Dan Casey, and Jim Doyle. Miss- ing Senators: Rich Rossie, George Crawford, Jim Hutchinson, Mike Phelps, Bob Campbell, Tom Moore, John Tobin, Brian Wall, John Mulligan, Terry Wilkins, Barry Doyle, Jim Metzger, Dave Meekison, Jim Scherer, Dennis Kenny, Don Storino, Steve Ahern, Pat Weber, Pat Dowd, John Genetti, Terry Adrian, Phil Higgins, and Ed Kick- ham. Opposite, below, Tom McKenna, student body vice-president; Phil Rathweg, academic affairs coordinator; and Mike Crutcher, student affairs coordinator. Above, Members of the Human Affairs Commission: John Walsh, civil rights commissioner; Don Wycliff, head of the committee on minority enrollment; and Gene Cavanaugh, Notre Dame-South Bend relations commissioner. 1O5 106 BLUE CIRCLE: To provide service to the university, the student body, and South Bend. The activities of the Blue Circle Honor Society are the most diversified and far-reaching of the several service organizations at Notre Dame. Most of its projects involve only the campus community; but many are directed off campus. The usual projects are minute jobs which must be done, or behind-the- scenes discussions dealing with means of improving student life, and do not warrant extensive publicity. However, the total effect of its work points out the basic aim of the Blue Circle to provide service to the university, the student body, and to the city of South Bend. The Blue Circle ' s activities include the conven- tional tasks of campus tours, ushering, and con- ducting pep rallies. It sponsored the annual student trip, this year to the Georgia Tech game in Atlanta, and provided a valuable service to incoming fresh- men through its Freshman Orientation program. It also sponsored the Conference on Student Involve- ment and the Melvin Philips Christmas Fund drive. The Circle ran the annual Christmas Seal drive on campus and gave several Christmas parties at youth centers for underprivileged children and at the St. Joseph County Home for the Aged. Recently, the direction of the Circle ' s other activi- ties has focused on improving the Notre Dame student ' s academic and physical environment. The Stay Hall Committee, the Student-Faculty Relations Committee, and the committee working with Student Body Vice-president Tom McKenna in the study of pass-fail courses and other academic reform tried to evaluate the relative merit of each issue under consideration. If members judged a proposal worth- while, they asked the administration whether it could be enacted and if not, why. In this way the Blue Circle began to function as a liason between students, faculty, and administration. As an exten- sion of these attitudes, this year ' s chairman, Fred Schwartz, sees the Circle evolving into an " organi- zation of critical and analytical inspection, its ser- vice extending into the area of comment. " Opposite, Santa Glaus Mike McCauley hears the gift list of one of the residents of the St. Joseph County Home for the Aged during a party given by the Blue Circle. Parties were also given at several youth centers in South Bend for underprivileged children. Top, Rich Worwitz guides a campus tour for dentists ' wives. Above, Blue Circle officers: Joe Lee, Fred Schwartz, this year ' s chairman; Rob Harvey. 107 TUTORING AND MENTAL HEALTH: People who help are part of the cure. The Neighborhood Study Help Program began in the fall of 1963 with twelve volunteer tutors and twelve below-average pupils from city schools. Now the program encompasses about 1400 tutors and schoolchildren. More than 400 of these tutors come from Notre Dame and 200 from St. Mary ' s. The re- mainder comes from Holy Cross School of Nursing, Temple Beth-El, and Indiana University Extension. The program was initiated to curb the high drop- out rate in South Bend schools. The tutoring pro- gram proved an effective means of reversing the rate and now exists as a fully chartered corporation financed with a $69,000 grant from the Office of Economic Opportunity. This corporation is run by a board of directors, equally divided among student volunteers, people in local poverty areas, and in- terested people in the South Bend community. The regular tutoring program consists of 34 sessions given four days a week. At his weekly session a tutor meets with his own tutee, either a grade or high school student, and gives him any help he requires. But the emphasis is not placed solely on academic assistance. The tutor tries to provide the encouragement and motivation some- times lacking in pupils coming from underprivileged homes. Instilling in each student a basic desire to learn is as important as providing the actual help in arithmetic or spelling, and only through the personal tutor-tutee relationships established can this goal be realized. The tutor doesn ' t restrict himself to just one hour a week. Many Notre Dame tutors have brought their tutees on campus to show them around or take them to a basketball game. The regular program also has included several parties and field trips in order to avoid a purely academic approach. The Notre Dame-St. Mary ' s chapter of the Mental Health Association has been active in the statewide organization since the group was started in Sep- tember of 1965. At the present time, the chapter supervises four volunteer projects at hospitals in northern Indiana. Altogether, these projects employ 150 students of both Notre Dame and St. Mary ' s. The student volunteers at the Northern Indiana Children ' s Hospital work for one to two hours each week. Under the supervision of a trained staff mem- ber, the volunteers help with the classroom proce- dures, the swimming program, outdoor activities, and, upon special occasions, parties for the children. The Mishawaka Family and Children Center is a community social agency rendering services in mar- riage counseling and child guidance, in addition to staffing a psychiatric clinic and a boarding home for emotionally disturbed children. The Notre Dame and St. Mary ' s volunteers work with the children, who are from 10 to 18 years old and have past records of emotional instability in both the home and school environment. The Dr. Norman Beatty Memorial Hospital is a large new state hospital housing nearly 2500 pa- tients. With only a fraction of the professional help an institution of this size requires, the need for volunteers is great. People of all ages and every illness ranging from alcoholism to criminal insanity are patients. The main purpose of the student volun- teer is to visit with the patient as a friend, to offer the individual attention that makes the patient feel wanted, and helps him to relate with the outside world. Opposite, above, Frank Cardile answers a ques- tion during the weekly tutoring session at Per- ley school. Opposite, below, Officers of the Notre Dame-St. Mary ' s Mental Health Chap- ter; Mike Burman, president; Mike Coccoli, Amy Borchers, Mary Alice Herod, Dottie Wie- sen, Randy Scott, Kathleen Conroy, Mark Kearns, treasurer; and Jim Cooper. Below, John Jackson and his tutee, Rich Harris, also met at Perley in South Bend. Bottom, Mental Health chapter members Mary Ann Wolf, Mary Alice Herod, Larry Hawkins, and Pete McFarlane play with the kids at the Northern Indiana Children ' s Hospital. 1O9 Bottom, Columbian children eating dinner in a barrio, a slum section, near Bogota, one of CILA ' s summer project areas. 110 CILA: " " We learn a lot of names and faces, and we leave be- hind a lot of friends. " Last week someone handed me a list of names headed " CILA Members. " My name is one of the names on the list. Each name means a person to me. I can ' t read 60 friends ' names in five minutes. I stop after each name, and see a smile and hear a voice. There is no typical CILA member; there is no CILA mold that each person fits into. The names on the list come from every class and every area of study in the university. There are seniors who work hard to hold CILA together ; there are freshmen who don ' t know yet exactly what they ' ve gotten into. There are people majoring in government, pre-med, engineering. Individual faces and personalities go with the names. The voices are varied, too. Some of us talk with a Missis- sippi drawl, some of us sing folk songs with a New England accent. As I read over the list, I come across lacrosse players, poets, insect collectors, and boxers. I come across people active in almost every South Bend or campus activity ; people helping in the tutor- ing program, in the Clay Township development project, in the Blue Circle, and in the local migrant worker ' s organization. The names are listed by residence hall. One of the columns of names is headed " Moreau. " That heading could have read " Seminarians, " but it says " Moreau. " Tom and Ken and Bill and the others, as far as CILA is concerned, simply live in a hall called Moreau. The first line under the " Morrissey " head- ing reads " Father Bartell 3rd floor. " Father Bar- tell is like that. He is another CILA member. His name is not at the top of the list ; he does not even sit in the front row at our meetings. But Father Bartell has been on the list since CILA ' s beginning six years ago. He is always there, wherever CILA is, waiting to give us a push or to bail us out. Farther down on the list is a column headed " St. Mary ' s, " which makes up the feminine contingent of CILA. The " St. Mary ' s " column wasn ' t on the list two years ago, but is increasing each year. As it grows, CILA becomes more human and more alive. CILA ' s been involved in a lot of activities on campus the folk masses, the weekend song-fests, even some dinners together. But we reach beyond Notre Dame. Our on-campus activities are directed at preparing ourselves for summer projects in Latin America and the United States. Effective work during the summer involves extensive planning and preparation during the school year. This prepa- ration includes many evenings spent in the Spanish language lab. It includes attending informal discus- sions with Notre Dame professors who share with us 111 " CILA projects aim at a special kind of communication. " their experiences in social action, Latin American history, or the ghetto situation in New York City. It includes standing in line for immunizations, and feeling the needle prick a dozen times. This preparation also means working hard to raise the money CILA depends on to finance its summer projects; it means collecting donations in the halls, lecturing about CILA to high school audiences and to anyone else who will listen, and peddling CILA Christmas cards. CILA projects, composed of three to ten CILA members, last two and a half months each summer. These projects are aimed at helping those people who need help the most. We go only where we are asked to go, and we have always been asked to return. CILA now maintains summer projects in Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, and Mexico in South America as well as Spanish Harlem and Harris- burg, Pennsylvania, in the United States. CILA projects aim at a special kind of communi- cation. We can help those people who need our help only if we communicate with them on their own level only if we participate as fully as possible in their way of life. This participation means sharing the joy, the hope, and the frustration of the people we work with. It means doing the things that they do and feeling the things that they feel. It means using your hands and your back and your stomach the way the man working beside you uses his hands and his back and his stomach. CILA doesn ' t leave behind a great deal in the way of physical accomplishment. But we learn a lot of names and faces, and we leave behind a lot of friends. When we come home, we share our knowl- edge and our feeling with our families, with our friends, and with each other. But we ' ve left a part of ourselves with the people we ' ve helped. 112 Opposite, above, girls playing outside of their hillside home in the barrio. Opposite, below, Mike Early, one of the " grand- fathers " of CILA, entertains the member- ship with humorous side points of his trip to Peru during the younger days of CILA. Others pictured are: Steve John, Rosanna Drury, Mike Karwoski and Des Lawler. Top, Mike Karwoski takes time out from his job to play with the children in the Bogota project area. 113 Above, Honor Council members: Dave Calabria, Brian Walsh, Gerry Loughlin, Jim Wysoglad, Jim Mancini, Tom Slankas, John Blute, Tito Trevino, Tom Furino, Tom Vos, Sean Duerr, Louis Blaum, Jim Brown, Pat Hannan, Clyde McFarland, Curt DeClue, Mike Jordan, John Mclnerney, Mike Karnes. and Norm Jeddeloh, this year ' s chairman. Opposite, Council officers of the past year : Tito Trevino, Pat Hannan, Curt De- Clue, Mike Jordan, Norm Jeddoloh, chairman, and Tom Vos, vice-chairman. 114 HONOR COUNCIL: Up and down, and then up again. A near disaster almost destroyed it. And then suddenly a hope sprung up that said maybe it would work after all. So went the Honor Council, up and down, and then up again. To many the Council had been a farce, something which sounded as though it should work but never did. On December 8, the chairman of the Council, Dick Kelly, resigned his post because he had lost faith in the effect of the Council on students. Rarely had more than three students turned themselves or others in to the Coun- cil during a year. The resignation was a terrific blow to the Council. Before, it had been " all Dick Kelly " ; now the organization was under Norm Jed- deloh, and it had to rework itse lf into a unit, not merely a gathering of two or three interested stu- dents. The new chairman ' s job, as he saw it, was to " do away with the Council ' s feeling of disunity toward the meaning of their work for the student body. " He had to create a unified, meaningful council. For the first time in four years it seemed as though the Council was accomplishing its purpose. According to the chairman, " the number of cases turned in by students was unheard of before this year. Also, we had over 100 applications for thirty jobs this year. This hadn ' t happened before. " As of February, 22 cases had appeared before the Council, half turned in by the students, and the other half by the faculty. It will take a long time to completely implement a successfully functioning honor system at Notre Dame. But this year the problem of student coopera- tion found its solution within the students them- selves, as they became aware of the importance of the Council ' s work. 115 POLITICAL GROUPS: The busiest of the three, the Young Democrats, had to contend with the party split and peace issues. With student interest centered on campus issues of self-government and student rights, the three main political organizations had a hard time focus- ing attention on national issues. But as the presi- dential campaign grew hotter, the Americans for Democratic Action, the Young Democrats, and the Young Republicans came alive. Most of the mate- rial distributed concerned the Viet Nam issue and the McCarthy vs. Johnson vs. Kennedy campaign. The Americans for Democratic Action, reduced to individuals stirring up discussions and debates among the students, worked vigorously for a peace candidate in the Mock Convention in March. Accord- ing to chairman Tom Brislin, its existence was only nominal after the graduation of the " last of the core of the ADA " in 1967. The Young Republicans centered their activity around a lecture series that emphasized political self education. This year the club, headed by Dennis Millman, staged a massive membership drive that brought in over fifty paying members, but overall was disappointing. The YR ' s also worked on elec- tion day in South Bend ' s November municipal elec- tion. The biggest event of the year, next to the Mock Convention, was the meeting of the Midwest Fed- eration of College Republican Clubs, the first of its kind ever held on a college campus. The Young Re- publicans did not participate as a group in the Mock Convention though individual members were active 116 in promoting their favorite candidates. The only real part played by the YR ' s in the Convention was in research of candidates ' positions and work with the platform committee. The busiest of the three organizations was the Young Democrats, which had to contend with the party split over Johnson and McCarthy. Not sur- prising, the members remained united behind Mc- Carthy. The entire year was centered around his campaign effort and the " Tom Dooley History Week : Viet Nam History and Culture. " This event occurred in late April and early May, and tried to give stu- dents as complete a story on Southeast Asia as pos- sible. Noted authorities on Viet Nam, including some officials from the South Vietnamese Embassy, were speakers during the week. As chairman Tom Sherer said, " The emphasis was on a historical- political viewpoint in order to give students the full details of the conflict. " The campus also served as the focal point for the McCarthy campaign in Indi- ana, with the club sending members all over the state for the May 5th primary, with a few journey- ing into Ohio and Michigan to cultivate interest in McCarthy. The main problem encountered during the year was one of participation. Paid membership had dropped by over three hundred in four years, but with the peace campaign the club ' s activities began to be more abundant, with its influence being felt strongly throughout the Midwest. Opposite, Officers of the Young Democrats: Rick Libowitz, Eileen Kelly, and Tom Sherer, this year ' s president. Above, Young Repub- licans officers : Ginny Schneider, St. Mary ' s co-chairman; Mike Kelly, Tom Frericks, secretary; Mike Kundert, and Dennis Millman, chairman. 117 v ; The Arts and Letters Advisory Council, long merely a critic of academic flaws, acquired a new partici- pant role this year with two innovations in the Col- lege. The first is the course evaluation project where- by the council interpreted data secured from stu- dents and worked to promote the necessary changes. The second is the elimination of the Sophomore Interview. The " Meet Your Major " program, in which sophomores can talk to students and faculty members, has replaced it. With these changes the Council feels it can relieve student tensions concern- ing the choice of a major. With a core membership of fifteen and a min- iscule budget, the Joint Engineering Council func- tions to coordinate the activities of the numerous professional engineering clubs and honorary fra- ternities. The JEC undertakes the responsibility of publicizing activities or field trips sponsored by one department that may be of interest to students in another. This year ' s special project was the curricu- lum evaluation, carried out in conjunction with the general Student Government course evaluation pro- gram. And as in past years, the JEC sponsored the Engineering Open House and its interdepartmental basketball league. A free reign and greater academic autonomy keynoted the Business Administration Council activ- ity this year. The council provides a coordinating force for the Marketing Management Club, the Finance Club, and six other nationally affiliated business societies and acts as the agent in the dis- tribution of Student Senate funds. Activities during the year included the college ' s " Best Club of the Year " award and a faculty-student smoker. The present student Science Council was organ- ized in 1965 and since has contributed to the col- lege through projects relevant to science students, present and prospective, and has provided a forum for presenting student views to the administration and faculty of the College of Science. Under the direction of Dr. Emil T. Hofman, the council again sponsored the outstanding " Challenges in Science " lecture series and also held a spring open house ' for over a thousand high school students. wly tici- Col- iere- stu- ADVISORY COUNCILS: Their ne v job this year was a teacher and course evaluation. fe A! liv- nr.: col- ints, rr. tin the rain ice " |H Opposite, top, Science Council members, first row: D. Casey, J. Longhi, R. Noren, R. Garrison. Second row: R. Tarara, F. Ferlic, G. Crawford, J. Milcetich, and J. Wilkins. Opposite, center, Officers of the Business Advisory Council: T. Tobin, P. O ' Brien, K. Przewoznik, T. Fischer, and M. Norris. On ladder: M. Phelps, chairman. Kneeling: J. Miller. Opposite, bottom, members of the Arts and Letters Advisory Council: C. Fenech, M. McCauley, R. Redmond, J. Whalen, D. Briel, P. Rathweg, R. Rossie, C. Nau, T. Brislin, and J. Moore, chairman. Above, Joint Engineering Council officers: J. Stof- fel, R. Droste, J. Hutchinson, chairman; M. Velan, J. Lough- ren, and B. Higgins. 119 HONOR FRATERNITIES: They provide valuable help and services to other under- graduates. Five of Notre Dame ' s eight academic honor fratern- ities are within the College of Engineering. The primary purpose of these fraternities, all nationally affiliated, is to recognize the outstanding academic achievements of the members. However some of them go farther to provide services to other under- graduates in the same field of study. The College of Business Administration sponsors two chapters of national fraternities, Beta Gamma Sigma for all business students and Beta Alpha Psi for accounting majors. Beta Gamma Sigma with 36 members has the most stringent standards for ad- mission of all the honoraries, considering only the top 10 percent of the senior business students and four percent of the juniors for membership. Its main activities are the twice-yearly banquets at which formal initiation takes place and guest speak- ers discuss the future for business administration graduates and the desirability of further education. Beta Alpha Psi is one of the more active honor fra- ternities seeking to better prepare its members for the business world. Regular meetings featured speakers who reviewed the opportunities in the dif- ferent branches of the accounting profession, the advantages and disadvantages of graduate school, and the benefits of a law degree. As a service, sev- eral members also helped student government with its accounting. The premed fraternity, Alpha Epsilon Delta, is the most active of the ho noraries and with 63 members one of the largest. Activities included a trip to the Northwestern Medical School and the St. Joseph ' s Hospital Program in which members were able to make rounds with doctors at the hospital. A special panel discussion on the moral justification of birth control and abortion was featured at one of the monthly meetings and gave all members a chance to ask questions and give their own opinions. AED again provided the freshman advisory program as an aid to all freshmen in the premedical intent. In its first full year of service, Notre Dame ' s chapter of Alpha Phi Omega, the national service fraternity, made several significant contributions to the University. Members set up and staffed a major information booth on campus every football Saturday. A permanent information office will be located in the Student Center with maps, a student directory to help visitors find people on campus, and information about accommodations in South Bend and vicinity. On the community level, the chapter sponsored blood drives for St. Joseph ' s Hospital and most of the 45 members helped with the leadership of several Boy Scout troops in South Bend. 120 lot pter Opposite, above, officers of Beta Alpha Psi, accounting fraternity : G. Buennagel, J. White, K. Hartley, and J. Duff, presi- dent. Opposite, below, officers of the busi- ness fraternity, Beta Gamma Sigma: G. Terranova, president; B. Casey, W. Hall, M. Bleeg, and C. Berry. Top, Alpha Phi Omega, national service fraternity, offi- cers: J. Mooney, J. Drinan, A. Alter, T. Nosek, president; J. Harmon, and M. Lubozynski. Left, premed honor frater- nity, Alpha Epsilon Delta, officers: J. Beary, R. White, T. Pojunas, D. Casey, and F. Ferlic, president. 121 Top, electrical engineering fraternity, Eta Kappa Nu, officers: J. Stoffel, J. Ford, J. Mooney, B. Shanning, and D. Zell, presi- dent. Above, Tau Beta Pi, honor fraternity for all engineers, officers: B. Quinn, J. Ford. D. Dorratcagrue, T. McGrath, B. Shanning, and J. Stoffel, president. Right, officers of Alpha Sigma Mu, metallurgical engineering fraternity: R. Jones, presi- dent; J. Hofweber, R. Guepe, and M. Mc- Guire. Opposite, above, officers of Pi Tau Sigma, fraternity for mechanical engi- neers, in their Heat and Power Lab: P. Swenson, J. Kriese, president; T. Vogle- wede, F. O ' Keefe, and M. Edwards. Op- posite, below, Chi Epsilon officers in the civil engineering lab: B. Higgins, T. Lar- kin, president; A. Pollock, N. Knowles, L. Amaya, and P. Robillard. 122 The engineering fraternities have attempted more than the annual banquet. Of the five honor fraternities in the College of Engineering, Tau Beta Pi is the largest and most prominent with members chosen from the college at large. To be eligible, a student must be in the upper fifth of the entire engineering class if he is a senior, or upper eighth of the class if a junior. He must also present an essay in a national competition before he is accepted. Tau Beta Pi practices the usual fra- ternal formalities and also provides a notable service in its regular tutoring program for freshmen before all physics and calculus tests. The four other chapters of national fraternities in engineering are found in the specific major areas: Chi Epsilon for civil engineers, Eta Kappa Nu in electrical engineering, Alpha Sigma Mu in metallur- gical engineering, and Pi Tau Sigma for mechanical engineers. This year most of the specialized engi- neering fraternities have attempted more than the annual banquet. They have realized that there is a meaningful place for them in bringing together students in the same major. Chi Epsilon as well as Eta Kappa Nu have initiated programs in which members meet with sophomores and give them any needed help or adv?ce. Pi Tau Sigma, acting in con- junction with the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, held meetings with faculty members and discussed opportunities in the mechanical engineer- ing professions and graduate schools. The engineer- ing fraternities were obviously moving toward more involvement in the life of the engineering college, not only in injecting new spirit into the organiza- tions but also in providing useful help to other un- dergraduates. 123 ISO: Its varied activities reflect the same international flavor found in the members. Below, ISO members around a display of Mexican handicraft in the Student Center: Elias Mansur, Ricardo Fong, Mike Crutcher, Rosetta Lai, Father Daniel O ' Neil, Foreign Student Advisor; Allan Rodriguez, Maria Moreno, Regina Cheng, Dave Bodkin, Chris Caene- peel, Afolabi Sorinmade, and Aloke Chatterjee. Opposite, Knights of Columbus officers outside their new headquarters: Joseph Nicko- lick; Ken Powaga, Chancellor; David Spieler; Richard Casey; John Fitzgerald, Deputy Grand Knight; Peter LaReddola; Richard Cum- mings, Grand Knight; Tom Mitchell; Mike Hammes, Publicity Chairman; Charles Schott, Bill Cridland, and David Stark. The Council is run solely by the student officers who organize and promote all of its current activities. They also took an important part in the development of the Council ' s new quarters. The International Student Organization this year boasted a membership of about 200 Notre Dame and Saint Mary ' s students, half of whom are Ameri- cans. The balance of the members come from thirty countries and use the ISO to meet and know not only Americans but other foreign students as well. The international character of the organization can be seen in the backgrounds of many of the officers. This year ' s president, Sam Sorinmade, is from Nigeria while Dave Bodkin, the vice-president, is from New York. Elias Mansur, whose home is in Venezuela, was the International Board Coordinator and served as a liaison between the ISO and other clubs having foreign members. The organization ' s publicity secre- tary was Ricardo Fong, a native of Panama, and the treasurer was Aloke Chatterjee from India. The activities of the ISO reflect the same interna- tional flavor found in the officers and members. The most ambitious activity of the year was the annual Christmas banquet, attended by most members along with a number of faculty guests. A unique feature of this banquet was the wide variety of foreign foods offered with almost every foreign member in his native dress presenting one of his favorite dishes. Other activities were the staging of their annual Mardi Gras booth and a Halloween party " Halloween International " at which the foreign students adapted their native costumes to an Ameri- can tradition. Other activities were less formal but just as important in the ISO ' s plan of promoting personal contact and international understanding. Regular meetings occasionally featured movies examining life in a foreign country and panel discussions re- viewing controversial world developments. The weekly coffee hour also provided regular oppor- tunities for members and other interested students to leisurely discuss topics of mutual interest. These gatherings illustrate the main function of the ISO to act as a forum in which people from all over the world are represented and their views presented. 124 After the acquisition of the old Post Office building as Council headquarters, the Knights of Columbus, Council No. 1477, has greatly improved facilities over its former quarters in Walsh. The University gave the Council the Post Office after it had donated $500,000 from its long-standing building fund to be used in a scholarship program as part of SUMMA. Included in the dual level structure are the large Council meeting chamber, a spacious lounge, two recreation areas and long overdue offices for the Council officers. The Notre Dame Council is a part of the national organization but is specifically geared to the student at the University. Student officers handled the entire operation of the Council this year, including smok- ers, parties, movies, and a picnic at St. Joseph Farm. The Council again s ponsored the Memorial Library lectures by outstanding Notre Dame professors such as Dr. James Bogle. However, many other activities were in keeping with the nature of the Knights of Columbus as a lay Catholic fraternal organization. At the regular meet- ings there were several round table discussions with priests on controversial Church subjects, along with corporate masses and an annual retreat. The Council also functioned as a valuable service element at the University and in the community. Members baby sat for faculty members, worked at the Peter Claver House in South Bend, and contributed generously to the support of the Gibault School for Boys in Terre Haute, Indiana. KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS: The K of C found out that giving pays: for $5OO,OOO, they got the old post office. 125 DEBATE3: The team challenged over a hundred universities in 18 national tournaments on the topic of a guaranteed annual income. 126 The essence of debating lies in examing an import- ant public issue and discussing it in a competitive contest. This year ' s college topic, " Resolved: That the Federal Government Should Guarantee a Mini- mum Annual Cash Income to All Citizens, " led the Notre Dame Debate Council to consider the paradox of poverty amid affluence in American society. Council members, under the direction of Professor Leonard Sommer, did extensive research into the problems of the poor, in order to evaluate the rela- tive merits of the present war on poverty and the guaranteed income proposal. The debaters combined efforts in research and analysis to formulate affirma- tive and negative strategies for tournament compe- tition. The debate team traveled to eighteen national tournaments throughout the year. Meeting teams from nearly one hundred universities across the country, the debaters posted wins in about seventy- five per cent of their debates. The varsity team, led by Council president Jim Lyons, captain Jim Rice, and vice-president Pat Raher, garnered trophies at the Detroit, Purdue, M.I.T., and Harvard invita- tional tournaments. Notre Dame also maintained its perennial strength at the novice level. The fresh- men debaters were undefeated in winning the Uni- versity of Wisconsin tournament and captured the Loyola University championship. In addition to tournament debating, the Debate Council was active in a number of other areas. Members participated in various speech activities sponsored by Delta Sigma Rho-Tau Kappa Alpha, the forensics honorary fraternity with which the Council is affiliated. Notre Dame hosted its own Fifteenth Annual National Invitational Tourna- ment in March. Varsity teams from forty schools participated in three days of debating, culminating the championship round, won by the University of Kentucky. The Debate Council also sponsored the annual Breen Oratory Contest. In the South Bend community, Notre Dame debaters presented ex- hibition debates before social and civic groups and acted as judges for high school debate tournaments. While the Debate Council enjoyed a good measure of success after last year ' s rebounding efforts, this year was perhaps most valuable for the additional experience it provided the team. With its entire membership returning, the Debate Council looks forward to still greater success next year. Opposite, Debate team members: Pat Raher, president of the Notre Dame chapter of DSR-TKA; Jim Lyons, president of the Debate Council; Bill Locke, Bill Coughlin, Mike McKool, Tom Talcott, Tim Weizer, captain Jim Rice, Tom Zang, Jim Burke, Bruce Broillet, Bob Hackman, and Norm Lerum. Missing ir.embers are John Hoffman, and Bob Thedinger. Above, Jim Lyons and Jim Rice engage in a practice debate while Pat Raher, Mike McKool, and Tom Zang take notes and await their turn. 127 FILM SOCIETY: The sexual fatalism of Viscontl and the anti-war sentiments of Resnais and Clement. The cinema has resisted the cultural canonization which many of the other arts have undergone; it has not been subjected to the blind patronage one discovers in stuffy museum corners, or in smoke- filled lobbys of neo-baroque opera houses. The Film Society is not an assembly of pedantic ex-English majors talking of life, drama, and art in an atmos- phere of tea-cups and lace. The Film Society merely screens films not the esoteric enigma, not the filmic anomaly, but rather movies which demonstrate the particularity of the film medium; films which en- gage the audience in the specific language of the cinema. The Observer headline, " Sin, Sex and Assorted Garters Cinema " 68, " might be best translated as variety. In this year ' s series, films have been selected from Spain, France, India, Italy, Germany, Russia, Britain, and release dates have extended from 1924 to 1964, an impressive five decades. Moods have ranges from the sexual fatalism of a Visconti, the atheistic materialism of a Bunel to the altruistic cosmocentricity of a Kalatozov and sober anti-war sentiments of a Resnais or Clement. Film influx outside of the series can be discussed in three group- ings: a World Cinema Festival in cooperation with the modern language department, a New Wave Festival in coordination with the Arts Festival, and a Japanese Festival. The film-makers have functioned as an indepen- dent unit. Notre Dame ' s only Bolex has focused upon such diverse subjects as a Chicago peace march, an umbrella ' s life journey, even the lone Golden Dome. They have sponsored their own Series Americanna Kazan, Hawks, Lumet, etc. The year was climaxed with the screening of their own work along with the prize winners of the NSA student film festival. Al- though the film-makers insist upon autonomy, all is united in the spirit of the troika Kahn, McNamara, and Siska. They have shrugged their shoulders, pro- jected their films and generally proved that things are jumping in respect to celluoid. 128 Opposite, Scenes from Bill Siska ' s " 2120 " , filmed in Chicago and starring Ned Buchbinder. Above, Bill Siska, David Kahn, and Marty McNamara, who were responsible for ordering the more than 50 films shown in several series and festivals this year. Left, Mike Lonergan (in the snow) and Alex Thurball in Siska ' s second film (unnamed). 129 BAND: Flawless performances and an ingrained spirit continue the tradition. The Notre Dame Marching Band " The Band of the Fighting Irish " is the best known of the University Bands and is recognized as an integral part of every football weekend. This year, the band ' s appearances at the football games were characterized by flawless precision and lively musical scores. The halftime programs featured, for the most part, tunes from re- cent Broadway musicals along with the memorable tribute to Walt Disney. On the Friday nights pre- ceding the home games, the band was a major force in the raising of spirit at the pep rallies. And win or lose, a Notre Dame m an cannot help but feel a surge of pride as the Victory March is played as only the Notre Dame Band can. For all its attention the Marching Band is but one of the three University Bands, all of which are under the direction of Mr. Robert O ' Brien and his assistant, Mr. James Phillips. After the football season most members of the Marching Band joined the Varsity Band which performed at home basketball games and undertook the marching duties of the Bands. The Concert Band performed at lawn concerts, the annual Spring Concert, and graduation exercises, but the highlight of its season was a 12-day ex- tended concert tour, this year through the southern United States. Concerts were given in Louisville, New Orleans, and East St. Louis and were important in showing people around the country that a cultural medium of considerable accomplishment exists at Notre Dame. 130 Opposite, above, members of the Marching Band practicing behind the stadium. Opposite, below, the band performing during the half time of the Southern Cal game. Above, the Notre Dame Marching Band; kneeling, David Cortright, Drum Major. Front row: James Phillips, Asst. Director; Frank Amussen, Graduate Asst. Director; D. Kratsch, R. Rolewicz, N. Petroni, M. Lavelle, R. Kempiners, M. Occhio- nero, P. Szujewski, E. Kuhn, J. Martini, D. Sims, G. Caputo, J. Conner, John Fyfe, Irish Guard Advisor; Robert O ' Brien, Director of Bands. Second row: J. Gargrave, R. Mosca, G. Negin, S. Carroll, W. Fidler, T. Pishko. Third row: W. Miller, R. Esce, C. Neuhauser, F. Schafer, M. Jodziewicz, J. German, W. Williams, W. Stanchina, G. Rebecca, P. Pike, M. Walker. Fourth row: C. Wolfe, T. Knowles, H. Irvine, D. Kimball, J. Leo, T. Kendall, M. St. George, J. Fremeau, J. Buchanan, T. Misener, R. Vasily, O. Johnson, K. Cum- mings, T. Altmeyer. Fifth row: W. Weiler, C. Maneri, C. Mardorf, D. Bell, D. Crumb, A. Robidoux, D. Urbaniak, D. Smith, D. Lewis, P. Roberts, L. Liebner, K. Horvath. Sixth row: T. Brisken, H. Hoffman, J. Huson. Seventh row: C. Vaniglia, F. Weinheimer, P. Cahill, S. Brion, G. Otto, R. Horvath, G. Tarrant, W. Madden, F. LaBelle, F. Galanga. Eighth row: T. Schetter, M. Oswald, T. Krull, G. Anderson, A. Hebert, J. Gagliardi, T. Desch, A. Baronals, N. Talarico, P. Lenehan. Ninth row: D. Morrissey, D. Hand, R. Peters, N. Textor, R. Robertson, G. Buennagel, T. Green. Tenth row: P. Eide, T. Giel, R. Casey, W. Berg, J. Ripperger, J. Dyckmans, G. Powers, L. Maloney, J. Tobin, J. Schindler. Eleventh row: R. Von Reuden, J. Hullihan, R. Phelps, R. Gutowski, J. Krauss, N. Jeddeloh, J. Petterson, E. Crawford. Twelfth row: R. O ' Brien, T. Reed, G. Granger, T. Lipps, J. Whitmire, P. Bottorf, J. Franzen, D. Foerst. Many concert and varsity band members are not pictured. 131 GLEE CLUB: From ABC and John Davidson to Appleton and Aurora. The Notre Dame Glee Club began another busy year under the direction of " Dean " Daniel Pedtke with their initial appearance on the John Davidson spe- cial " Homecoming " show. As in past years there were several concert tours, mostly through the Mid- west, along with the regular performances given on campus. After the ABC-TV appearance in October the club traveled to Chicago to sing with John Gary in a charity show for the Columban Fathers. During Thanksgiving vacation, they toured Wisconsin and northern Illinois. The highlight of the Glee Club ' s season came with a nine-day extended tour through the northeastern part of the country at Easter with concerts given in New York and Boston. On-campus performances were an important part of the club ' s schedule. The annual fall, Christmas, and spring concerts were given in Washington Hall and were generally well received. The programs in- cluded religious and contemporary selections along with special medlies of adaptations from Walt Dis- ney and Air Force songs. The Glee Club functioned as more than just a musical organization and through the work of this year ' s student-elected officers sponsored numerous social events. Several parties were given in town throughout the year and " Party " was the password on almost all the overnight trips. But more im- portant, a sincere fraternal spirit developed through the hard work of daily practice sessions. 132 Opposite, above, the Glee Club first performed at the Homecoming: television special, " John Davidson at Notre Dame. " Opposite, below, Director Pedtke acknowledges applause at the Glee Club ' s Christ- mas concert. Left, this year ' s Vice-president, Steve Alhgren, relaxes with a card game during the bus trip to a concert in Appleton, Wisconsin. Below, junior and senior Glee Club member, first row: J. Groves, J. Dec, D. Hickey, L. Schad, D. Pierman, J. Amer, Busi- ness Manager; S. Hellrung, Secretary; and J. Kennedy. Second row: G. Strick, W. Philips, N. Bozen, B. Heineman, J. Carey, President; J. Monaco, and T. Settler. Rear row: S. Alhgren, Vice-president; P. Castellan, Publicity Manager, J. Mars, D. Jacobson, T. Macleod, Treasurer; D. Mayrose, J. Mulshine, and T. DeChant. 01V " . ;ori iff.- 133 Below, WSND officers at a weekly program planning meeting in O ' Shaughnessy: clockwise from left, Denny Reeder, FM Program Director; Rick McDonough, J. C. Beers, Business Manager; Tom Langan, FM Program Supervisor; Dick Riley, Station Manager; John Sturm, AM Program Director; Bob Franken, Ken Barker, Harry Kiena, Technical Director; and John Simna. Opposite, above, WSND-FM studio adjacent to AM studios in the tower of O ' Shaughnessy Hall. Opposite, below, Tom McKay takes a break from his afternoon " Topsy " show. 134 WSND: Easy rock, pop rock, folk rock, hard rock, and chicken rock. A collegiate style oriented to a collegiate audience; that is the nature of WSND ' s broadcasting. Station manager Dick Rielly headed a staff of about 150 students and coordinated the array of directors, programmers, engineers, announcers, and newsmen necessary for daily functioning. WSND maintains both AM and FM outlets with operations entirely student run and self-supporting. The AM broadcasts are transmitted by carrier current restricting the audience to campus residents and allowing a program arrangement specifically geared to daily student life. " Top o ' the Morning " with Chuck Perrin and Chuck Schott wakes the student body to another beautiful South Bend day. Curt DeClue hosts the " High Noon " show with " music to sooth the horrors of a Dining Hall lunch. " Guy Ferris and Tom Herbstritt, Tom McKay and Topsy and Dave McGovern saturate the afternoon hours with easy rock, pop rock, folk rock, hard rock, and chicken rock. " The Light Touch " with Don Johnson begins the evening with music " to just think about studying by. " Bryce Parker, our very own " poochious maximus, " continues with his " Requestfully Yours " show, followed by " Nite Beat " with Pete Koyak, " The Quiet One, " and " Nocturne " with Nick Hitter and jazz. WSND is also valuable as a communication media, not only as an entertainment media. With 10 shows daily and spots every half hour, WSND news pro- vides listeners with fast, reliable reporting of cam- pus events and, through its Westinghouse and UPI hookups, national and international news. The sta- tion ' s Face the Campus series also brought adminis- trators and campus personalities together on the air. WSND-FM presents a variety of educational pro- grams and legitimate music. Its organization is sep- arate from AM but it relies on AM for almost all of its financial support. Its current ten watt trans- mitter barely covers the South Bend area, but the station hopes to enlarge itself to cover most of Northern Indiana and Southern Michigan if it can raise the money. The station has been trying to get support from either the administration or Student Government, but no money has come. Among special programs aired were the weekly Notre Dame Forum, which this year interviewed candidates prior to the municipal election, and live broadcasts of the Metro- politan Opera from Lincoln Center. 135 PUBLICATIONS: The University supports, in varying degrees, publications ranging from slick magazines to underground " rags. " In the United States today, there are more cam- pus newspapers than commercial dailies : over 2,600 college papers on 2,000 campuses. The total of all campus publications newspapers, magazines, and yearbooks runs close to 16 million copies per year. The cost of these publications runs close to $61 mil- lion, and that includes many unpaid staffs. At Notre Dame, there has always been a large number of pub- lications. The oldest, and still the largest, remains the Scholastic. Founded in 1867, the Scholastic has developed from a dull literary journal into a weekly with real campus appeal. The magazine has averaged over 30 pages per issue in the past few years. The Scholastic has never had any problem with money it has been supported by a mandatory student activ- ity fee since it began. Several independent student attempts have been made in the past century to supplant the Scholastic but most failed due to money problems and pressure from University officials. The current attempt to gain a foothold on campus read- ers, the Observer, is probably the most successful independent attempt in Notre Dame ' s history. The Observer, after a good first year, performed a minor miracle this year: it produced over 60 issues and more than 360 pages. Amazingly, the quality of writing really improved in the second semester despite increased quantity. The typography was tremendously improved over last year. The Observer staff finally learned how to handle photo- graphs and its new Varityper; the improvement in the physical appearance of the newspaper definitely increased the number of its readers. The University supports, in varying degrees, sev- eral other publications that have quite specific func- tions. There is, of course, the Dome, which manages to persist into its 59th year without even the hint of selling ads; and the Leprechaun, which has gone from an acceptable humor magazine underground, and currently has little reputation outside Farley Hall. The Juggler suffered from a deep lack of good fiction on the campus, and couldn ' t make up the difference with its obscure essays on philosophy and criticism. Dialogue, once a monthly replacement for the Religious Bulletin, is one of the best-written and produced " little " magazines around. It dramatically broadened its view to include essays and book re- views about war, revolution, religious change, pov- erty, and almost anything else. The college-supported publications were in general better this year than Above, Pat Collins, editor of the Observer. Opposite, Scholastic editor Mike Mclnerney. 136 last; but faced with a budget problem, the Science Quarterly published only three times. The Tech Re- view is the most outstanding of these publication, but the Business Review, in its second year, has the potential to become an excellent undergraduate com- merce journal. There is no Notre Dame equivalent of Haight- Ashbury ' s Communication Company, but a number of mimeographed and semi-professional " rags " man- age to publish regularly. The Lit, published by two freshmen, has been compared favorably to the Jug- gler and it may have more readers. The Septuagint and ' 69er publications of the sophomore and junior classes, really did manage to print more than two numbers. Several halls have " papers " but the only one to make it above surface has been Breen-Phillips ' Pacesetter. The radicals, of course, need an outlet bigger than the stream of mimeographed blurbs that appear periodically on the walls of O ' Shaughnessey the off-campus River City Review may fill the need now that the Observer has gone Establishment There has been a constant dread in the past few years that the colleges were running out of writers ; that the college newspapers and magazines would die under increasingly academically-oriented student bodies. Notre Dame in 1968 has shown conclusively that its students are writing and publishing more than ever before. At a university that offers no de- gree in journalism, and gives editors of major pub- lications no academic credit (except the chance to take Newswriting I in Communication Arts), the product this year has been remarkable. The Scholastic had a hard time accepting the facts of collegiate journalism life this year. Re- peated attempts to revitalize a news section that was hopelessly beaten by the Observer, changes in the format of the Campus section, and increased respon- sibilities for the news department, all somehow failed. The gradual shift to a features magazine may have been an underlying cause for the uproar that developed over the Scholastic ' s choice of a student body presidential candidate. The identity crisis of the Scholastic had reached such a point that seven ju nior editors actually thought they could take over the decision-making. The crisis, of course, was re- solved, but it made the problem of finding itself even more acute. The features section of the magazine very def- initely developed as its main attraction. Topics 137 The Scholastic has developed from a dull literary journal into a weekly with definite campus appeal. Above, Associate editor Stephanie Phelan and managing editor Bob Metz. Graduated from St. Mary ' s in January, Stephanie is now in New York City attending Columbia University ' s Graduate School of Library Science. Opposite, Scholastic staff members, front row: Pete Mclnerney, editor Mike Mclnerney, and Joel Garreau. Rear row: John Zipprich, Frank Blundo, Tony Ingraffea, Steve Movak, Bill Cullen, Tom Payne, John Walbeck, Denny Malloy, Ed Bocik, and Jim Grady. ranged from the atrocities of the air war in Vietnam to SUMMA reports. General interest stories were increasingly used as in " Russia : A Fifty Year Per- spective. " In September, " Summer in the City " gave returning students ' reports of what actually hap- pened in the rioting in Detroit, South Bend, Cin- cinnati, and Milwaukee. Trends on campus and in the New Left were studied in such articles as " Pro- ponents of Pot " which examined the rationale be- hind the legalization of marijuana and " Those Who Won ' t Go. " An entire issue before semester break was devoted to Projection ' 68, which consisted of a listing of almost everything that was going on here, and what was to come. Innovations increased the appeal of the features with special stress given to faculty participation and interviews. Interviews were presented with such noted figures as Senator Mark Hatfield, Father Hes- burgh, Father Riehle, and Arther Pears. Also ap- pearing were R. Sargent Shriver, Mayor Lloyd Al- len, and Father McGrath of St. Mary ' s. The Scholas- tic attempted to run an interview almost every issue. The creative writing pieces appearing this year provided an entertaining diversion from the factual reports. " The Fez Peril " report by Tom Henehan was a spoof on the use of drugs by students. Step- hanie Phalen presented in " Myth " a poetic look at Notre Dame by a St. Mary ' s girl, and Jack Craw- ford ' s " What a Stupid Thing to Think About at a Time Like This " was perhaps one of the best pieces appearing on campus all year. Sports initially experimented with a psychedelic type of football report which failed miserably and then lapsed into the proven style which produced nothing exceptional. Excellent photography and initiation of the Captain ' s Table highlighted sports reporting at least during football season. The Foot- ball Review was again just a compilation of news- paper articles, but a Captain ' s Report and section pointing out the outstanding players in each game gave the Review a personality lacking in previous years. Basketball accounts were spotty at times, but the series by " Dixie " Restovitch provided an excel- lent chronicle of the evolution of basketball as a big- time sport at Notre Dame. Coverage of smaller sports was inequitable with swimming, tennis, and golf receiving only nominal mention. However, pro- jected interest was the prerequisite for coverage and a rugby game account appeared to have more readers than tennis statistics. And there was the special on the fencing team in the midst of their amazing winning streak plus occasional reports of hard-hitting hockey games. 138 139 The features section of the magazine developed as its main attraction. In its editorial policy the Scholastic embodied for the most part the precepts of the New Left. Editorials consistently condemned the war in Viet Nam, the draft, and one called for the legalization of marijuana. Although the issues of civil rights, race riots, and Student Senate actions were occasionally treated, the war and its representative establishment here on campus, ROTC, were the most frequent targets. Major features such as " Rolling Thunder " and " Death from Above " also continually harped on the bestiality of the air war. Every issue contained some mention of the war in Viet Nam or ROTC with subsequent condemnation. But the only major news story scooped by the Scholastic was, in fact, one which they created them- selves. When the magazine endorsed Pat Dowd for Student Body President, seven junior editors cir- culated an endorsement of Rich Rossie in the name of " the Scholastic editors. " Editor Mike Mclnerney consequently fired all seven juniors on the grounds that they had no right to use the Scholastic mast- head in their flyer and that they had never consulted with him on the endorsement. For a week, the Scholastic was put out by Mclnerney, Managing Editor Bob Metz, Associate Editor Jack Melshimer, and an editorial staff composed of underclassmen, former Crux members, and friends. But after one issue Mclnerney and the former editors were recon- ciled and the magazine returned to normal. Mc- lnerney, criticized at first, refused to give in to a power play and accept a quick compromise " for the sake of the magazine. " He maintained the position that the editor ' s word was final, and not determined by the staff the only realistic position an editor can take. 14O it?r Opposite, sports editor Mike McAdams, business manager Pete Mclnerney, John Melsheimer, associate editor; and Tim Schlindwein, circulation manager. Above, news editor Joel Garreau, con- tributing editor Tony Ingraffea, and Bill Cullen, copy and layout editor. Left, contributing editors Marty Mc- Namara and Tom Henehan. The rift that developed between Mike Mclner- ney and the junior editors over the student body presidential endorsement was quickly resolved, but the senior editors retained sole responsibility in the determination of editorial policy. 141 The Observer performed, a minor miracle this year producing over 6O issues and more than 36O pages. News reporting held the best prospects of the Observer and resulted from the primary aim of editor Collins and his staff to highlight news events which would be significant to students here at Notre Dame. The Observer broke all major local news stories: the dismissal of Sister Mary Grace, the March on Washington, the results of the Gen- eral Assembly of Students and the student body presidential campaign. Reports of lesser actions in the Student Senate, such as senior cars or hall au- tonomy along with current changes in national draft policy provided readers with some perspective of what was happening on campus. But the quality of the news stories resulted primarily from the re- porters themselves. Top reporters were Tom Figel and Dennis Gallagher, who maintained surprising objectivity and clarity in their reports. Tom handled the coverage of the General Assembly and Dennis reported on both the Washington peace march and the campus presidential election. A new emphasis was given to columns this year and not too surprisingly Figel and Gallagher emerged as the most popular of the columnists. Figel consistently touched on subjects of importance, pre- senting both the issue and his own views. He had a pre-occupation with the draft and in endorsing Viet Nam critic Mark Hatfield for nomination by the Mock Convention he made a call for the univer- sity to " stand by what it thinks. " Dennis Gallagher was the more eloquent of the two but lacked con- sistent appeal in his subject material. In most of his articles such as the ones supporting the Wash- ington peace marchers or evaluating the current role of Dr. Martin Luther King he had something to say and his point was well made. But occasionally Gallagher got carried away in his own grand phi- losophy of life. Second semester brought four new columns written by Mary Chris Jarabeck, Tom Bris- lin, Tom McKenna and Pat Collins along with oc- casional appearances by Joel Connelly and Jay Schwartz. Editorial policy of the Observer allowed for much more diversity than that of the Scholastic. Viet Nam was occasionally editorialized but the criticism of the war itself was handled for the most part in the columns. Observer editorial policy was flexible; it was dictated by what was happening at the time both on and off campus. Editorials first panned the rise in Huddle prices, the Bookstore, the need for parietal hours, and the armed campus police. Later, the paper endorsed Senator Eugene McCarthy for the Democratic presidential nomination and sup- ported the March on Washington. Appeals were made 142 Opposite, Managing Editor Tom Figel and Tom McKenna, a regular columnist. Left, columnists Mary Chris Jarabeck and Jay Schwartz. Below, business manager Bill Kelly. 143 Opposite, Observer staff: Kevin Kelly, Jack Crawford, Pat Collins, editor; Bill Kelly, Chris Wolfe, Don Holliday, Pat Barbolla, Paul Godbout, Tom Condon, Dennis Gallagher, Steve Setzer, John McCoy, Sam Rumore, Mike Corbett, Tim O ' Meilia, Tom Ehrbar, and John Alzamora. Above, associate editor Tom Condon with Dennis Gallag- her, executive editor and Woodrow Wilson scholar. Editorial policy was flexible; neither the campus hippie, Hershey, nor the bookstore escaped. for action in the Student Senate and such progres- sive legislation as hall autonomy was lauded. The editors did not continually harp on a single issue but looked for other areas that deserved criticism and needed reform. Sports reporting lacked completeness, especially in football. Sometimes only a few plays were in the Irish Eye column. Statistics were usually missing in reports of both football and basketball games. And in the midst of the best basketball season in a decade, an away game against Air Force and the next home game against Detroit, both victories, were mentioned only in the News in Brief. No re- port whatsoever appeared on the away Creighton game. Though both picture and copy coverage of basketball increased later in the year, this almost total lapse in sports reporting was inexcusable for the greatest part of a student body which usually considered sports more important than the latest student senate report. Features were of secondary importance to news and editorial presentation. An innovation this year was the two and three part series, some of which covered the hippie at Notre Dame, the problems of married students, and the infirmary. Rich Rossie once presented a treatise on student power and Tom McKenna described the inner working of student government in " Trials of a Social Director. " Also presented was an explanation by Chris Murphy of his decision to join a law suit against Selective Service head, Louis Hershey. The Observer has emerged in just one year as a valuable professional news medium and there are hopes of further expansion in the near future. With more funds the paper could become a daily provid- ing some national and international news along with campus news stories. Pat Collins sees a need at Notre Dame for a " mammoth, " a great collegiate newspaper. In a nation with more and probably better collegiate publications than general news- papers, the Observer may very well fill that need. 144 145 - Top, Juggler staff: Tom Henehan, Rich Zientek, Michael Patrick O ' Con- nor, Marty McNamara, Steve Rodgers, Mike Ryan, editor; Mike Loner- gan, John Alzamora, Dennis Gallagher, and John Flemming. Above, Notre Dame Dialogue staff: Bill Wyar, Forrest Hainline, Tom Kirchner, Mary Jansen, Barbara Nolan, editor Mike McCullough, Ken Guentert, Trudy Ernst, Laurel Wight, Gretchen Gretsch, and John Holsinger. 146 Dialogue: pacifism, McLuhan, Pentacostalism, Marxism. Juggler: brilliant editorials, bits of clothing, the Y.L.G.A. Notre Dame Dialogue added a new dimension to campus journalism this year. The university ' s first monthly journal of essays and book reviews, Dia- logue extended an invitation to all students and fac- ulty members to contribute articles on topics related to their own special intellectual interests. The edi- torial policy of Michael McCullough and William Wyar favored essays on political affairs and social problems. The themes of war, revolution, religious change, and poverty predominated. Among the posi- tions advocated by Dialogue contributors were pac- ifism, conscientious objection, Christian-Marxism, and a radical reorganization of our country ' s po- litical goals. A debate on abortion was initiated by an editorial favoring the legalization of abor- tion. Discussions on McLuhanism, Pentecostalism, and cybernetics were also presented. Called by Dr. George Shuster " the most enlightening continuous manifesto of what this university is all about " Dialogue has demonstrated that it can serve an important function in Notre Dame ' s academic life. The Juggler has never had a wide audience at Notre Dame ; nevertheless even with the burdens of a small staff and an even smaller budget, the magazine has steadily increased in quality. Under the unbeliev- ably competent editorship of Michael R. Ryan, with the help of the literary genius of his two associates, Michael D. Lonergan and Stephen L. Rodgers, the Juggler was the bulwark of the creative and intel- lectually cognizant sensibility against such negative forces as the Dome, Observer, and Scholastic. Yet the Juggler has not gone unrecognized. Such in- novative changes on the part of Ryan as the sub- stitution of brilliant editorials for a jejune and archaic legend, and the establishment of complete and thorough reviews on recent books as a regular feature brought throngs of admirers to Ryan ' s room in Lyons Hall in search of autographs, bits of cloth- ing, and original manuscripts of poems. But of course, such hero-worship is irrelevant when seen in the light of the international accolades the Juggler received this year: 2nd prize in typography from the Joyce-Pound-Melfi-Googe-Middleton Rowley Dyspeptic Society; the happiness award from the Young Literary Geniuses Association and various grants from respected institutions such as the Mor- rissey Loan Foundation. When asked to comment on the sudden but indeed well deserved fame of his magazine, Ryan is said to have replied, " What? " 147 Above, the members of the Science Quarterly staff: John Gillespie, Daniel Casey, Gary Cooper, Michael Lubozynski, Mark Sabol, Thomas Hansen, John Masley, Thomas Gorin, Michael Stack, editor Jeffery Wilkins, and William Tito. Top, Tech Review staff: Michael Troyer, Richard Greff, Anthony Ingraffea, Mike Gianelli, Albert Andry, James Stoffel, Bruce Quinn, Paul Bonf anti, Walter Hraban, Brian Schanning, editor ; Stephen Kast, Edward Filusch, Robert Mitchell, Kevin Dahill. Opposite, staff of the Business Review, row one: Robert Floyd, James Knaus. Row two: Jorge Robert, Susan Slavin, Dick Gavigan, business manager. Row three : George Thompson, Richard Pivnicka, managing editor; Steve Van Voor- his, and Michael Karnes, editor. 148 The Technical Review, Science Quarterly, and Business Re- view spent the year searching for technical articles with general interest. All colleges except the College of Arts and Letters sponsor student publications. The College of Engi- neering boasts the oldest and most established in the Tech Review, while the business school sponsors the Business Review, and the College of Science, the Science Quarterly. The Tech Review continued the high quality of its articles not only in their technical content but also in the increased readability of the presentation. This trend toward a more effective communication with students, which is also noticeable in the other college publications, is implemented in the TR in several ways. A " Senator ' s Report " was instituted this year along with introductions of Dean Hogan and new faculty members in the November issue. A regular feature, " Beneath the Surface, " presented reviews of current developments and special pro- grams in each engineering department such as the parafoil experiments in aerospace. Four technical reports were the basic content in each of the four issues presenting private research reports by engineering students. The articles pre- senting general explanations were the most readable but other more technical articles were made com- prehensible by well-chosen illustrations and simple graphs. Some of the more interesting articles were " The Light Fantastic, " a study of laser light, and " Bone Deterioration, " which described the applica- tion of electrical engineering principles to a prob- lem in space travel. However some articles remained very technical and difficult to grasp for the average student. This results from the secondary role of the Tech Review to project the image of the College of Engineer- ing outside of the university. But for engineering students, they were valuable in showing undergrad- uates that the application of engineering principles to the solution of a problem is not often a cut-and- dried affair. The Notre Dame Student Business Review, only in its second year of publication, is still experiment- ing with types of articles and format. Most articles were informative studies of actual activities and trends in the business world with a few dealing with closely related economic theory. Readability was prerequisite for each published article. Articles were chosen which appealed to both business and non-business students. " Negative In- come Tax " explained the proposed reverse income tax and " Wall Street: Yesterday and Today " gave a concise history of the stock market and its basic workings in today ' s economy. Each issue contained a book review, a club page highlighting the pro- grams and field trips of the business clubs, and a preview of upcoming activities and speakers. The Science Quarterly underwent the most drastic change of the college publications. SQ presented al- most twice as many feature articles as in past years. The philosophy behind this ne w format, according to editor Jeff Wilkens, is that the wider the varia- tion in topics, the more the magazine can reach its readers with a subject that interests them. Each issue contained about eight main articles usually including no more than one or two in-depth studies. The Quarterly surely could not get entirely away from scientific research reports but it tried not to get carried away with the technical. The only difficulty in such a format, however, was the loss of the personal-research article that is the mainstay of any professional magazine. Most of the other articles dealt with general in- terest topics such as heart transplant techniques and the growth of a tumor. Innovations this year were reports from the Student Science Council and inter- views with visiting scientists and doctors including Dr. Robert Hufnagel, who heads heart surgery at Georgetown University. Also there were regular re- views of developments in each of the college ' s de- partments and a special evaluation of the premedical program. The Science Quarterly staff made an effort to im- prove its quality by presenting more material per- tinent and readable to the student and, at least from the students ' point of view, they have succeeded. 149 1968 Dome sets a new, all-time intercollegiate verbiage rec- ord, beating the 1966 Yale Banner by 12OO words per page. " It kept growing and growing, " Heskin moans. " I feel like Robert McNamara! " Above, 1968 Dome editor, Dave Heskin. Right, Members of the Dome staff: George Stevens, Bert Feliss, Lou Gidel, Steve Griffin, Kevin Flynn, Gwynne Morgan, Greg Neuman, Gary Greve, Tom Voglewede, John Dempsey, Pat Wilson, Larry Ryan, Dave Ward, Dave Jaworski, Ray Maddalone, Ken Manning, Marianne Hunt, Steve Wright, Alex Wyatt, Babs Gibson, Keith Harkins, Jim Rocap, Dave Heskin, editor; Pete Gormley, Ron Spahn, Fred Stavins. 150 : . ' - 151 Below, the Dome ' s five section heads; top bunk, Pat Wilson, Organizations; middle bunk, John Dempsey, Seniors; lower bunk, Bill Larsen, Academics; standing, Ray Maddalone, Student Life and Gary Greve, Sports. Opposite, above, Managing Editor, Dave Ward and Associate Editors, Barbara Gibson and Kevin Flynn. Opposite, below, Photography Edi- tors, Keith Harkins and Jerry Murphy. Heskin ' s regime was marked, not only by insubordination, dissent, corruption, and outright brouhahas, but also by constant introspection and divisive self examination. " Incredible. " " Unbelievable. " " Corrupt. " Yes, even " Incompetent. " All were heard this year as word spread that the 1968 Dome was out to top last year ' s effort. Indeed, those same explitives were heard last year. But, then, this year ' s staff was seriously out to set records. In their own strange way, they suc- ceeded. As the year wore on, it became apparent that the Dome not only would set a University record for mo st words in a yearbook, but would top the nationwide standard, the 1966 Yale Banner, with well over 3,450 words per page average. " It kept growing and growing ! " Dave Heskin, the 1968 Edi- tor, moaned, " I feel like Robert MacNamara! " The fact that the Dome was able to produce this amazing amount of verbiage is due to the staff, which, Heskin admits, " manufactured " well over half of all the facts used. Not only that, but a record number of campus pictures were stolen in mid-Feb- ruary from the files of the South Bend Tribune when it became apparent that the photographers, led by the Photo Editors Jerry Murphy and Keith Harkins, wouldn ' t be able to produce. Other underhandedness was involved in the Dome ' s choice of paper. A huge brouhaha developed in Octo- ber when Babs Gibson, an Associate Editor, de- manded pink gilt-edged onion skin, while Dave Ward, the Managing Editor, wanted brown papyrus with an alpaca cover. Heskin resolved the issue quite simply when he discovered the door to the Observer office open one night and summarily stole enough used Observers to supply the printer with paper that would last well into 1969. The staff, as well as Fr. McCarragher, applauded the move. " You think our staff is corrupt ? " Heskin says. " Ha ! You should see our printer! " The printer, Foote Davies of Atlanta, Georgia, managed to make an 152 " incredible " number of errors, and since correction for each error costs $2.40, charged the Dome $18,- 320.12 for corrections, not to mention the price of printing itself. Heskin had to get the money for that by convincing the University administration that the Dome needed a paneled office and a Picasso. The actual task of writing what Kevin Flynn, another Associate Editor, calls, " the first non-non- fiction yearbook " fell to the section heads. Academics Editor Bill Larsen managed to invent an unbeliev- able number of facts about the Business School. Or- ganizations Editor Pat Wilson ignored campus poo- bahs completely and interviewed obscure students at I. U. Extension for his quotes. Sports Editor Gary Greve threw out his record book supplied by the University sports publicity department when he discovered a rugby team member trampling his chrysanthemum patch behind Zahm Hall. Ray Mad- dalone invented an entire weekend when he couldn ' t find the Social Commission ' s office. Finally, grad- uates Editor John Dempsey, when faced with 30 blank pages after a slight miscalculation, pirated the entire Senior class from the 1954 yearbook of Austin Peay State College. Heskin, once a frustrated architecture major, and now an incompetent chemical engineer, remained unruffled by the hanky-panky going on with his book. " To quote my idol, Marshall McLuhan, ' the medium is the you-know-what. ' " Heskin disregarded content completely in his attempt to design the book. " If it pleases me, that ' s all that counts, " he says. Indeed, if the Dome this year is a paradox, it is a paradox with- in a paradox why design-oriented yearbooks like the Dome continually manage to produce award-winning volumes. John Dempsey may have the answer when he says, " All that copy is just a hoax. The judges never read it ! " We hope so, John. 153 154 ATHLETICS: Student athletes see a new increase in the emphasis on sports. In 1968 Notre Dame maintained its place as an athletically prominent university. In the past it has achieved this position of recognition and fame from the almost annual success of its football team, but it has now spread to the success of all the various sports and even the club sports. And through this general success, the student body voiced its en- thusiasm and pride in the schools ' teams. Student opinion varied concerning the amount of emphasis on the sports, but an overwhelming percent gave a general acceptance to it. Gary Ticus, captain of the wrestling team, says, " Sports are greatly emphasized but I think it takes up the slack in the social life here at Notre Dame and as far as being overemphasized, I think it should be that way for an all male university. " In addition, fencer Tom Connor gave this statement: " Notre Dame is not only known for its sports ability, but also for its educational status. And I don ' t think the emphasis put on sports is hurting that one bit. " A fellow fencer and captain of the squad, Tom Sheridan, says, " Notre Dame is sports oriented and the students themselves are good athletes who get into the sports and those that aren ' t get involved in cheering and help tie together your whole college existence. " To achieve a high sports standard, a strong ath- letic and recruiting program must be maintained. The recruiting program in the major varsity sports, such as basketball and football, is always in search of high school talent that would be an asset to the Fighting Irish tradition and grants them a scholar- ship in their particular varsity sport. Some sports are given many scholarships up to 40 percent in football and others aren ' t given any. Ken Howard, co-captain of the cross country team, says, " I don ' t think there should be any increase in the scholar- ships given in football, basketball, or track, but wrestling and swimming definitely need some schol- arships to help make their competition in somewhat of a higher class. " Athletes are amazed at the enthusiasm and inter- est the Notre Dame student body gives to the athletes. " One thing I enjoy about Notre Dame, " says track star Bob Timm, " Is that we have a lot of appreciative students who have a good knowledge of different sports and appreciate a good performance. " Defensive halfback Jim Smith- berger says, " I feel there is a certain amount of prestige involved in playing for Notre Dame. It ' s not necessarily the national face and recognition 155 The minor varsity and club sports need more publicity to expand their program. that you ' ll gain, but it ' s the feeling you get knowing the students around here are behind you. " But varsity sports are only a small part of the athletic program at Notre Dame. A variety of club sports are open to any student who wants to join. " No experience necessary. Just determination, " says the rugby posters. And an unusually big intramural program is also available for those who just want to get some exercise and compete on their own level of capabilities. But some of these activities which are highly organized, and even some of the minor var- sity sports, are not emphasized or given publicity. Basketball guard Jim Derrig says, " They could give the minor sports and intramurals a little more pub- licity because you don ' t find out about some things until they ' ve happened. " The student enthusiasm in the varsity sports is of a different nature and is il - lustrated by tennis star Jasjit Singh, who says, " I think the student body takes a lot of interest in football and basketball, but most of the smaller sports aren ' t given enough interest because there isn ' t enough publicity telling when and where every- thing is going to take place. " Outfielder Frank Orga adds, " Fencing, track, baseball, swimming, and hockey, when it becomes a varsity sport, could draw the fans if they were given the opportunity. If they gave to each sport the same amount of credit through the Observer or the Scholastic, then these sports will become bigger and better. " 1968 is a turning point for almost all Notre Dame teams. Ole Skarstein, Norwegian track man, says, " As the years go by even more emphasis will be put on sports and I think there will be more varsity sports. " And undoubtedly the reason for this is the near completion of the Athletic and Convocation Center which will house the new basketball arena under one dome and the ice arena under the other. Not only will it aid the varsity sports but it will aid the student body by providing increased facilities for different forms of recreation, such as more hand- ball courts and new facilities for indoor baseball, tennis, and golf practice. Hopefully the Center will provide a drawing card for better competition and more spectators. " As we get more money, say from hockey, " says swimming captain Tom Bourke, " the sports will be expanded gradually and as the endow- ment rises more sports will come into championship caliber. " Pete Farrell, captain of the track team, says, " Another important thing is that it ' s going to bring people here who will pay, and this will be helpful to the Athletic Department in making better training facilities which are sorely needed for winter conditioning. " But aside from all improvements and expansions, basketball captain Bob Arnzen predicts, " within the next five years, I think Notre Dame basketball will be on the same scale as football. " The future for all of Notre Dame ' s sports clearly shows no reduction in the high place they now occupy as campus activities. 156 157 FOOTBALL: They had character. They had problems. They had pride. Pride! That IS football at Notre Dame. Like every year in recent memory, those pre- season football polls failed again. The only thing wrong was that Notre Dame was everybody ' s num- ber one. The Irish slipped out of the top 10 for the first time in two years when Southern California brought the record down to 2-2. But the one word which sums up what helped the Irish come back more than defense, more than offense was pride. That old Irish tradition came up with six straight wins to complete the season at 8-2 and a number four rating. The first test was California and Ara hoped that all of the pre-season problems that the pollsters had ignored were solved. These problems defensive front four and the running capabilities of the offen- sive backfield were crucial to the success of the team. The defensive line suffered the biggest blow from graduation with the loss of Alan Page, Pete Duranko, and Tom Rhoads, which only left massive all-American Kevin Hardy to build around. The offensive backfield had similar problems with the loss of superstars Conjar and Eddy, leaving only Bob " Rocky " Bleier, the captain of the 1967 squad, to handle the backfield duties. Nevertheless, the Golden Bears proved to be no match for the powerful Irish. Halfback Dan Harsh- man opened the scoring for the Fighting Irish by scurrying around left end for the first touchdown of the year. Junior quarterback Terry Hanratty ran for one touchdown and tossed another to Bob Bleier to impress upon the fans that the passing game had really been developed. Linebacker Dave Martin had a field day with Larry Bronk ' s passes, intercepting two and setting up scores for the Irish. The statis- tics didn ' t show it, but the two problems that wor- ried Ara were still troubling him after the game, but no one cared because the Scoreboard finally read 41-8. Riding on the aftermath of this victory, a train load of student trippers rode to Purdue with visions of a sweet victory over the Purdue Boilermakers. Once in the " snake pit, " however, things looked very clouded. On the second play from scrimmage, Kevin Hardy injured his ankle and didn ' t play the rest of the game. And for the first time in three years the opposition scored on their first possession of the football. Immediately, the 1965 Purdue game which also followed an impressive victory over Cal came to everyone ' s mind. Time and time again, a record total of 63 times, Hanratty went back to pass and on a record total of 29 times found his receivers. It was a see-saw battle with Purdue scoring first and Hanratty tying it by sneakin g over from the one yard line. Joe Azzaro ' s kick gave the Irish a 7-6 lead. In the fourth quarter a 27-yard pass to Paul Snow once again tied the score at 21-21, but Notre Dame was unable to return after Purdue scored again, and two receivers dropped passes in the end zone. Spirits were deflated but a sign on the Bookstore of " We ' re proud " epitomized what " Rocky " Bleier said in his Scholastic column, " What happened at Purdue wasn ' t caused by them we beat ourselves. So remember Keep the faith, baby! " " I don ' t know how you can gain 485 yards and lose a ball game, but Iowa will pay for that tomor- row. " These were the words of ex-Irish great John- ny Lujack in addressing the student body at the pep rally before the Iowa game. The Hawkeyes did pay in full. They were out of the game the minute they stepped onto the field. Once the Irish got the ball they drove to the one-yard line, but were unable to score. On the next series of plays Terry Hanratty crashed over for the score. Sophomore fullback Jeff Zimmerman replaced Ron Dushney when he was injured in the first quarter and went on to score three of Notre Dame ' s touchdowns for the day. The reserves finished the half, and a score of 56-6 was anticlimatic. The fans were thrilled to see that the Irish were not hurt by the loss they had received last week. Spirits were high as Southern California came to South Bend trying to spoil Notre Dame ' s Home- coming. They were the number one team in the country and out to avenge the trouncing they had received from the Irish last year. Everything the defense did seemed to come out near-perfect. Terry Hanratty scored the lone touchdown and gave the Irish a 7-0 lead at halftime. But it was also a disap- pointing half. Though the defense held the Trojan ' s vaunted halfback O. J. Simpson to a total of 42 yards in 20 carries, the offense was still unable to capitalize on any scoring opportunities. Frequent and costly fumbles and interceptions stopped many Irish drives. 158 Above, Terry Hanratty hands off to fullback Ron Dushney as " Rocky " Bleier, Steve Quinn, and Dick Swatland open a wide hole for him up the middle. 159 160 The 1965 Purdue game to everyone ' s mind - " Keep the faith, baby! " Opposite, above, linebacker Mike McGill, safety Tom Schoen, and de- fensive halfback Jim Smithberger close in on Michigan State halfback Dwight Lee. Opposite, below, the second string offense, led by quarter- back Coley O ' Brien, didn ' t see much action this year, but they did show much promise for replacing the lost graduates. Above, left, a new NCAA rule allows a player to come to the sidelines to discuss with his head coach the strategy of the next play. Here junior Quarterback, Terry Hanratty receives his instructions from Coach Ara Parseghian. Above, right, Captain " Rocky " Bleier, both dependable as a runner and a pass receiver, grabs in one of Hanratty ' s record 29 completions against Purdue. 161 The second, half proved that a 7-O halftime lead was not enough against Southern Cal. 162 Opposite, above, Jim Seymour set a new reception record with this catch, a 48 yarder from Hanratty against Illinois, and went on to score. Opposite, below, Southern California ' s all-American halfback O. J. Simpson tries to run through a hole created by his line but Notre Dame ' s all-American Kevin Hardy and Mike McGill quickly block it. Left, next year ' s co-captain Bob Olson squares off with a stumbling Charley Harris of Michigan State. Below, Dave Mar- tin sets to stop Purdue ' s sophomore quarterback Mike Phipps as Bob Olson and Mike McGill ride him to the ground. However, Phipps did not always go down as easily; he consistently riddled the Notre Dame de- fense, hampered by many key injuries. 163 164 After a 2-2 record, the running game was stressed and the Irish began to win. I Opposite, above. After a handoff from Hanratty, sophomore full- back, Jeff Zimmerman bursts through the line for a quick gain against Michigan State. After the Iowa game, he entered the start- ing lineup and amassed a total of 591 yards for an average of 4.4 yards and scored 9 touchdowns. Duffy Daugherty watches the pro- ceedings in the background. Opposite, below, The Irish offensive line provides ample blocking for the Irish. Tim Monty (55) and next year ' s co-captain George Kunz (78) protect an Irish punt. Above, Automatic Joe " The Toe " Azzaro booted a total of 61 points for the year, the most points scored by any of the Irish, making better than 90% of his attempts. The second half proved that a 7-0 halftime lead was not enough. On the opening kickoff, an Irish fumble on the 20-yard line gave the Trojans the ball and a few plays later they scored. Quarterback Steve Sogge then directed a touchdown drive capped by a 36 yard run by Simpson. The rest of the half the Irish were helpless. After four games and two defeats, the Irish looked for a new offensive attack. The receivers of the dominant passing attack of the Irish were so well covered that a total of 15 interceptions had taken place, almost equal to last season ' s total. With Jeff Zimmerman and Bob Gladieux in the lineup, the Irish began to concentrate on the running game and began to win. Against Illinois the Irish struck early. After two field goals by Joe Azzaro , Tom Schoen set up the first touchdown with a long punt return. Zimmerman scored on a burst from the seven. Bob Gladieux, completely recovered from last year ' s leg injuries, easily found his way through the Illini defense for 105 yards and two touchdowns. Joining Gladieux in starring in the game was all-American Jim Sey- mour who caught five passes, two for touchdowns of 18 and 48 yards. With these receptions, he set a new career record, surpassing Joe Heap ' s old total of 71. The Irish played their most balanced game, with Kuechenberg, McCoy, Norri, and Lauck holding the Illinois ground attack to minus four yards. Little of the hard-hitting action of last year ' s Notre Dame-Michigan State Poll Bowl was wit- nessed in this year ' s contest. Linebackers Dave Martin, John Pergine, Mike McGill and Bob Olson combined to make a total of fifty-six tackles and gave ABC ' s national viewing audience a glimpse of the defensive ability of the Irish. Jeff Zimmerman supplied the excitement, running for two touch- downs of 7 and 47 yards and catching a 30-yard pass from Hanratty. Altogether he amassed 135 yards in 20 carries for an average gain of 6.8 yards. The last home game of the 1967 season for the class of ' 68 was also the third straight victory for the Fighting Irish. They racked up a total of 509 yards against the Midshipmen of Navy. Bleier scored twice on two yard runs capping spectacular running and passing attacks. A 10-yard pass to Jim Seymour gave the Irish another score in the second quarter. In the third period the snow began to come down heavily, but it was clear enough for reserve quarterback Coley O ' Brien to spot Nick Furlong open for a 47 yard gainer, taking the defender with him and sliding ten extra yards. The Irish went on to romp, 43-14. Before the clashes with Georgia Tech and Miami, Notre Dame was scheduled to play a practice game with Pittsburgh. In scoring their only shutout of the year, 38-0, the Fighting Irish easily handled the Panther Cubs, running them all over the field. All-American safety Tom Schoen had a great day, gaining 167 yards on 9 punt returns, running one back for a touchdown, and intercepted a Pitt pass. 165 The Irish slipped out of the top ten for the first time in two years, but ended up with a number four rating. 166 Opposite, above, Michigan State fullback Reg-is Cavender, tripped up by linebacker John Pergine, flies through the air while Mike McCoy (77) and Chick Lauck converge. Opposite, below, fully recovered from last year ' s injuries, Bob Gladieux, along with Zimmerman, became the most consistent runner for the Irish with a 4.6 average. Above, all- American Tom Schoen demonstrates to the Illinois fans his unique ability on punt returns. Tom placed on four all-American teams, and set six Notre Dame records, in- cluding his 167 yards gained on punt returns against Pittsburgh. 167 l 47 o i Dame I Front Row (left to right): John Pergine, Mike McGill, Kevin Hardy, Dave Martin, Dick Swatland, Captain Bob Bleier, Tom O ' leary, Tom Schoen, Jim Smithberger, Dan Harshman, Steve Quinn. Second Row (left to right): Rudy Konieczny, Mike Heaton, Kevin Rassas, Dave Haley, Joe Azzaro, Mike Burgener, Tom .Furlong, Dan Dickman, Dennis Kiliany, Gerry Wisne, Mike Kuzmicz, Paul May. Third Row -- (left to right): Bill Hurd, Alan VanHuffel, Dan O ' Connor, Coley O ' Brien, Bob Gladieux, Ron Dushney, Jim Seymour, Terry Hanratty, Eric Ncrri, Chuck Lauck, Tom McKinley, Roger Fox, Mike Malone, Lou Fournier. Fourth Row (left to right): Associate Manager Bill Russo, Head Manager Dave Zell, Joe Freebery, Paul Snow, Bob Belden, Frank Criniti, Rene Torrado, Ray Fischer, Ed Tuck, Tom Reynolds, Curt Heneghan, Tom Slettvet, John Lavin, Jim Leahy, Associate Manager Jim McCarthy. Fifth Row (left to right): Bob Olson, Eneas Freyre, Steve Lambert, Dan Romanski, Mike Holtzapfel, Chuck Landolfi, Brian Stenger, George Kunz, Tim Monty, Ed Vuillemin, Tim Swearingen, Tom Quinn, Jim Winegardner, Bob Kuechenberg, Ed Ziegler, Jim Reilly. Sixth Row (left to right): Don Reid, Tom Lawson, Mike McCoy, Rick Ness, Tom Nash, Dennis Kerrigan, Terry Brennan, Vito Racanelli, Pete Donohue, Dick Weigand, Jeff Zimmerman, Jim Merlitti, Larry Vuillemin, Dean Olmstead, Jim Bergquist, Brian Lewallen, Jay Ziznewski, Jim deArrieta. Seventh Row (left to right): George Kelly, Jay Standring, John Gasser, Phil Wittliff, Bob Jockisch, Randy Harkins, Nick Furlong, Dewey Poskon, Jim Ruzicka, Phil Kucera, Charles Kennedy, Edgar Devine, Greg Kordic, Mike Oriard, Kevin Ryan, Dick Sparhawk, Theodore Jones, Larry Schumacher, Tom Gores, Bob McConn. Last Row (left to right): Football Equipment Manager Gene O ' Neill, Coaches Don Gmitter, Brian Boulac, Paul Shoults, Joe Yonto, John Ray, Head Coach Ara Parseghian, Tom Pagna, Jerry Wampfler, George Sefcik, Wally Moore, Trainer Gene Paszkiet and Team Doctor Georae Colin. Opposite, Troubled by Southern Gal ' s Tim Rossovich, Terry Hanratty completes this pass over his hands. With 1622 total yards on offense and 110 pass completions for this year, Hanratty stands third in both with the likeli- hood of breaking tern next year. Right, Defensive halfback Tom O ' Leary pull:) in this interception against Southern Cal and runs it back into good field position for the Irish. 168 Ron Dushney scored for the reserves on a 15-yard scamper around right end to finish the scoring for the day. Atlanta was the site of the 500th victory in Irish football history, when the Irish easily beat a hurt- ing Georgia Tech team, 36-3. After an early field goal, the Yellow Jackets never scored again. On the next series of downs a 38-yard pass to Bob Glad- ieux gave the Irish a touchdown and the lead. Once again the Irish were magnificent on defense. De- fensive halfback Tom O ' Leary intercepted two passes, one of them setting up a touchdown run by Bob Bleier over left tackle. Hoping for its sixth straight win, the Fighting Irish invaded the Orange Bowl for a rare Friday night game with the Miami Hurricanes. Nothing of national importance was at stake only pride when the pre-season leaders squared off, but local interest brought out the largest football crowd in Orange Bowl history of 77,265 and produced a thunderous battle and a thrilling Irish win, 24-22. A Joe Azzaro field goal gave the Irish a 3-0 lead but it soon seemed small as Miami scored twice within 18 sec- onds. Some masterful running by Zimmerman and Ed Ziegler, who replaced the injured Bob Bleier, brought two touchdowns. After an interception by Jim Smithberger, Bob Gladieux carried the ball twice and went over for the final and winning touch- down. Hanratty only passed 12 times, but he threw with precision when it counted. Joe Azzaro ' s three extra points and Olson ' s batting down a Miami pass in the end zone on their final 2-point attempt assured the win. In the last half of the season Coach Parseghian ' s Irish were clearly ground-conscious. After four games his squad was averaging 237 yards through the air and 164 yards on the ground. The result was a 2-2 record. In the next six games all victories the passing yardage dropped to 132 per game, while the rushing average rose to 253 yards. Next year there will be problems big problems replacing three linebackers and three deep backs, but Coach John Ray does have next year ' s best college linebacker and co-captain in Bob Olson. Con- sidering the freshman talent Capers, Wack, Jack- son, DiNardo, Sheahan, and Barz Parseghian might have as good pre-season odds next year as he did this year. The 1967 Notre Dame team inherited and passes on more ability than most, and has thrived in a home atmosphere that prompted Sports Illustrated to devote an entire color page to an impressionistic- satirical painting of the campus sprouting with footballs. Like UCLA basketball, an unbeaten, un- tied year might have been the dullest thing in years. The growth and midseason development of an over-rated team particularly the development of the ground game made the season interesting, if at times frustrating. The 1967 team proved very human, and had much more than physical strength : it had character. It had problems. And it had pride. Notre Dame ' s 5OOth victory . . . an 8-2 record ... a better season next year? 169 FRONT OFFICE: " We were swamped. ' Opposite, above, Edward " Moose " Krause, the athletic director. Opposite, below, Robert Cahill, the ticket director. Above, Roger Valdiserri, the director of Sports Publicity. Right, Herb Jones, the business manager. In his second full season as director of publicity, Mr. Roger Valdiserri has proven himself completely capable of handling any job brought before him. Under his direction, the Sports Publicity Office co- ordinates the information of the Irish varsity and club sports and relays these statistics to the mass media of the country. Although Mr. Valdiserri is somewhat new to his job at Notre Dame, a core of experienced men still remains. Edward " Moose " Krause, Notre Dame ' s Athletic Director, arranges all the varsity schedules and serves as spokesman for all of Notre Dame ' s athletics. Celebrating his forty-second year as busi- ness manager, Herb Jones controls the financial aspects of Notre Dame ' s athletic operation. Ticket manager Robert Cahill has the responsi- bility of the sales and distribution of tickets for the athletic events. This year he was faced with many problems with the football ticket distribution, espe- cially in the nationally televised Michigan State game. A special lottery had to be devised for the parents ' tickets. " We were swamped " , he says. Also, much alumni pressure for more seats was applied to Mr. Cahill. Someone made a suggestion in October to cancel St. Mary ' s football tickets, but a retort by the students brought a halt to these threats. How- ever, his worries will also be increased when the new Athletic and Convocation Center is completed and the 1968-69 basketball season begins. 170 171 Opposite, above, The 1967 cross country team: Coach Alex Wilson, Pete Farrell, Ken Howard, Joe Quigley, Bill Leahy, Dan Saracino, Jim Lehner, and Kevin O ' Brien. Opposite, below, The Irish harriers at the start of the Notre Dame Invitational. Bob Watson (150) and Bob Walsh (147) placed one-two for the Irish. Above, Running bare- foot across the Burke Memorial Golf Course, Co-captain Ken Howard and Chuck Vehorn with Jim Lehner make their way to the finish line against Iowa, Right, Leading the pack, Bob Walsh demonstrated the harriers ' ability to run in all conditions of weather. CROSS COUNTRY: A long distance runner must endure the worst conditions to be any good at all. Faced with four miles of uncompromising terrain, and, more often than not, terrible weather, the Notre Dame distance runner seems to function best under the worst conditions possible. Co-captains Ken How- ard and Bill Leahy have been doing just that. Ham- pered by foot injuries two years ago Bob Walsh has returned with an extra year of eligibility helping tc give Coach Alex Wilson a 4-1-1 record for the season. Notre Dame ' s first win of the season, the four- mile Notre Dame Invitational, was run in 40 degree rain. Sophomore Bob Watson and Walsh were one- two, respectively, and Watson set a new Invitational record of 19:09. Walsh and Watson, both finishing well under 25 minutes, again placed one-two for the Irish as Notre Dame beat Michigan State, 16-46, and Indiana, 23-38 in a triangular meet. And in the IC4A held in New York City, the Irish harriers placed a solid fourth behind Villanova and other eastern favorites. Around these two individual stars and Co-captains Howard and Leahy, Kevin O ' Brien, Pete Farrell, Chuck Vehorn, and Dan Saracino, members of last year ' s squad, added experience to Coach Wilson ' s nucleus of fine runners. 172 173 Opposite, forward Bob Arnzen shows his form which makes him a deadly shot from any place on the floor. Above, guard Jim Derrig dribbles the ball towards the basket as Bob Whitmore and Dwight Murphy converge on the play. Right, forward Dwight Murphy drives towards the basket against St. John ' s. 174 BASKETBALL: With their best record in 9 years, the Irish received their first NIT bid. The 1967-68 basketball team, which had closed very strongly last year with eleven wins in the last four- teen games, had its entire starting five Arnzen, Whitmore, Murphy, Derrig, and Restovich return- ing plus two highly regarded sophomores in Mike O ' Connell and John Gallagher. Forward Arnzen and center Bob Whitmore were one of the best scoring and rebounding combinations in the Midwest. With the talent on hand Coach John Dee had reason to expect the most successful campaign in many years. The team started quickly ; St. Joseph ' s, Wisconsin, Lewis, SMU, and St. Norbert ' s fell in succession. The victory over Wisconsin, 81-73, one of the top- ranked teams in the Midwest, was undoubtedly a key factor in the squad ' s early success. The triumph, keyed by Captain Arnzen ' s 25 points, proved that the Irish could win on the road. The next five games were frustrating in com- parison to the team ' s early victories. On their first extended road trip of the campaign, the Irish dropped a bitterly-contested battle to Indiana 96-91 despite a 30-point performance by Whitmore. Jim Derrig ' s two foul shots in the final seconds won a 73-72 victory over Utah State. The final opponent on the trip was UCLA and the result was disaster- ous. Completely outplayed, the Irish were humiliated 114-63. As a result of a flu epidemic, an inferior Villa Madonna team was barely beaten 64-59. For the next game, against Kentucky, Coach Dee made his first lineup change of the season as sophomore Mike O ' Connell was inserted into the starting five. The game was close all the way but numerous Irish turnovers proved fatal as Kentucky emerged as the victor 81-73. Nevertheless, the squad had a respect- able 7-3 record at the end of 1967. As they had done in the beginning of the season, the Irish opened 1968 strongly by winning six in a row and playing their best ball of the season. They surged by King ' s College 105-68, the Air Force 58- 45 and Creighton 72-63. Formidable independents Detroit, DePaul, and Butler also succumbed and the Irish reached the high point of the season with a record of 13 wins and only three losses. For the next six games however, basketball proved to be a series of heartbreaking losses and disappoint- ments. The team, rusty from a ten-day layoff was edged out by a fired up Illinois team, 68-67. This loss undoubtedly broke the squad ' s confidence for, in those six games, they never got that " key break " to win the close ones. Notre Dame, in their worst performance of the season, lost to Michigan State. 175 Good reasons to expect the most successful campaign in many seasons. Opposite, right, Dwight Murphy shoots over the out- stretched fingers of a St. John ' s player. Opposite, left, George Restovich drives around a St. John ' s player behind the screen set up by Murphy. Above, Captain Bob Arnzen dribbles the ball through a throng towards the basket. Right, center Bob Whitmore shows his ability underneath the basket. Both Arnzen and Whitmore have now scored over 1000 points and are currently fourth and eighth in Notre Dame ' s career scoring. 176 177 Irish win third place in the NIT at New York; await next year ' s NCAA in Louisville State 89-68, and then lost to Detroit 82-79 as a gamelong lead slipped away in the final seconds. They recovered temporarily with a 91-85 win over DePaul as Dwight Murphy scored 21, but Duke dealt them a 73-67 jolt as missed free throws in the final moments proved fatal. St. John ' s continued the trend of discouraging defeats as they edged the Irish 83-81. The loss, which broke the team ' s home un- beaten string at 13, was sealed by a St. John ' s field goal with only two seconds left in the game. The Irish regained the winning touch with a 64-61 win over Bradley as Arnzen led the team with 21 points. Bob Whitmore also made a key contribu- tion as he held the nation ' s best percentage shooter, Joe Allen, to a mere 13 points. After a 70-67 win over NYU in the new Madison Square Garden, the Irish were invited back to the Garden to play in the National Invitational Tour- nament. In the first round the Irish were matched against Army, the number one defensive team in the nation, and behind Derrig ' s 16 points upset them 62-58. The number one small college team, Long Island University, was Notre Dame ' s next opponent. During the season LIU had lost only one game, but the Irish changed that by defeating them 62-60 in the closing seconds of the game, despite a scoring splurge by LIU in the second half. The Irish were now into the semifinals and played the Univer- sity of Dayton, who behind the playing of all-Ameri- can Don May with 35 points beat the Irish in over- time 76-74, despite a 26 point scoring effort by Whitmore. But the Irish were not out of the tour- nament yet, they were to play the consolation game for third place against St. Peter ' s, the only other team to beat LIU. Behind Arnzen ' s 33 points the Irish defeated them 81-78 and captured third place in the tournament, behind Dayton and Kansas. As the only team in the N.I.T. which wasn ' t placed in the Basketball News ' top fifty teams, the Irish closed out the season with a 21-9 record, an impres- sive change in Irish basketball, and the best season for the Irish in a decade. The Irish became a really surprising team at the end of the season, playing their best defense of the year and averaging over .500 from the floor in the N.I.T. The return of this year ' s entire starting five and the performance of the finest freshman team in the school ' s history gives credence to the belief that the Irish will be a national power in the years to come. The frosh team defeated the varsity six out of 7 times. Loyal Irish fans will get a definite idea of the squad ' s capabilities very early as Lew Alcin- dor and company will provide the competition in the dedication game next winter at the athletic convocation center. Hopes for next year ' s season are brighter than ever, with Carr, Whitmore, Arn- zen and Sid Catlett as sure starters and Derrig, O ' Connell, Murphy and Jack Meehan competing for the last backcourt position. 178 Opposite, sophomore guard Mike O ' Connell drives for the basket against St. John ' s. Above, the Fighting Irish basketball team: (row 1) Bob Whitmore, George Restovich, Jim Derrig, Bob Arnzen, Mike O ' Connell, Dwight Murphy, Jim McKirchy, (row 2) Coach John Dee, Bob Free- man, John Tracy, Tony Vignalli, Dan Quinn, John Gallagher, Mike Franger, Asst. Coach Gene Sullivan and Manager, Terry McSweeney. Left, center Bob Whitmore pulls down a rebound as guard Jim Derrig breaks downcourt. 179 FENCING: " Wisconsin makes a 14-13 blemish on a two-year perfect record. With the loss of several key members from the un- defeated 1966-67 fencing team, the natural assump- tion was to expect less from this years ' fencers. Added to the losses by graduation were the tragic deaths during the summer of all-American epee man and co-captain Steve Donlon, and foilman Boby Duffy. But this molded the team into a tight unit with the result that every bout of every meet be- came a duel between the individual opponent and the entire Irish team. The season itself was filled with several critical meets. The first came early when the Irish flew to Colorado Springs to fence the Air Force Academy, a perennial power. The final score of 14-13 showed the Irish victorious and the first team to beat the Air Force in consecutive seasons. Two weeks later the fencers set a Notre Dame record for consecutive victories by downing Michigan State and Ohio State. Formerly 27 straight, the fencers extended this new record to 31 before it was broken. Wisconsin edged the Irish 14-13 in a meet significant for the number of 5-4 bouts that the Irish lost. Immediately after this loss, the Irish reverted to form by downing the eventual Big Ten champion, Illinois, by a 16-11 score. The last weekend of the season saw the Irish defeat previously-unbeaten Wayne State. In this meet, the final intercollegiate event in the fieldhouse, the Irish had to contend with an all-American but they proved victorious and finished the season 20-1. Individual leaders for the Irish were Jeff Pero (35-8), Tom Reichenbach (30-14), and Glen Bur- chett (26-12) in the epee; Mike Daher (35-9), Bob Mendes (30-12), and Paul McCandless (25-20) in the sabre; and John Crikelair (35-6), Tom Sheridan (30-11), and Tom Connor (20-15) in the foil. Except for one more touch against Wisconsin in any of several bouts, the fencers would have had another undefeated season. There will be little left for the 1968-69 team to do for an encore. Perhaps they will have to be content with carrying the win- ning tradition into the new Athletic and Convoca- tion Center. 180 n W Opposite, above, foilman Tom Connor attacks a Wayne State opponent for the score and the win. Opposite, below, Co-Captain Tom Sheridan de- livers a touch to his opponent in the final meet in the fieldhouse. Above, foilman Tom Sheridan ducks and goes for the point. Left, the Fighting Irish fencing team : (rowl) J. Beary, P. McDonough, J. Schwalbach, T. Nowacki, M. Schnierle; (row 2) R. Deladrier, B. Babineau, J. Mazur, D. Keeler, J. Albright, R. Holzgrafe, P. McCandless; (row 3) Coach Mike DeCicco, L. Emerson, A. Dobson, J. DePietro, B. Mendes, C. Pfeiffer; (row 4) L. Pellecchia, T. Connor, T. Sheridan, J. Pero, J. Crikelair, C. Ferrall, M. Daher, R. Nanovic, T. Reichenbach, G. Burchett, Asst. Coach J. Klier. 181 WRESTLING: A 6-4 season with, six sophomores in the nine starting divisions After a disappointing 3-6 season in 1966-67, Irish wrestlers hoped that this year would not be a repeat. Since seven of last year ' s nine starters graduated, seniors Captain Gary Ticus at 137 and Tim Morris- sey at 145 returned to head a completely new team with the largest sophomore contingent in years. Six sophomores placed in the nine starting divisions and paced the team to its 6-4 season. Keith Giron at 123 was one of the most consistent wrestlers, pinning almost every opponent he faced. Jim Hansen at 152 and Bill Hasbrook at 177 were also very impressive in adding all around strength to the team. The other sophomores were Mike Duell at 130, Tim Passaro at 167 and on occasion football defensive tackle Mike McCoy at heavyweight who injured his shoulder in midseason and didn ' t get back in the lineup until the end of the season. The only junior in the start- ing lineup was Mike Higgins at 160. Freshman Pat Mudron at heavyweight added strength to that posi- tion when McCoy was injured. The Irish opened the season with a convincing 27-6 win over Valparaiso, but lost to Purdue the following week. After a lay over of month, the Irish hosted undefeated John Carroll and won 20-15 with the meet not being decided until the final match with Mike McCoy pinning his opponent in the second period. A season of irregular success was dramatical- ly closed with three consecutive victories over Illi- nois Tech, Illinois of Chicago, and Wheaton College. The seven returning lettermen make coach Tom Fallen optimistic about next year ' s team. The new NCAA rule making freshmen eligible will also add depth to an experienced junior team. 182 Opposite, in the 160 weight division, Mike Hig- gins starts to wrestle at the referee ' s nod. Left, Tim Passaro in the 167 division awaits the referee to start the match. Below, the Irish wrestling team (row 1) Tim Morrissey, Keith Giron, Mike Duell, Gary Ticus, John Maas, Rod Streff; (row 2) Tim Passaro, Tom Laffey, Jim Hansen, Phillip Dollard, Jim Smith; (row 3) Mike Olson (manager), Pat Mudron, Dean Olm- stead, Bill Hasbrook and Head Coach Tom Fallen. art- Pat m- fit ltd 183 SWIMMING: Season proves a disappointment with a 5-6 meet record Notre Dame swimmers have only recently begun to accomplish winning records. Last year ' s season, at 7-3, was as good as any in the 10-year history of the varsity sport. This year, even with ten returning lettermen and a host of enthusiastic sophomores, the best that the team could do was 5-6. Returning from the 1966-67 squad were seniors Captain Tom Bourke, Irish record holder in both the 100- and 200-yard backstroke, freestyler Joe Diver, breaststroker Bob Chi les, and Jim Brehm in the butterfly. Second year man John May in the free- style broke his own and the Irish 100-yard record with a time of :49.8 seconds in a dual meet against St. Bonaventure. Other outstanding juniors were breaststroker Tom Roth, freestylers Tom Hock, Mike Q. Davis, Bill Carson, and Bill Ladouceur. Sopho- more diver John Cox was a very consistent winner and showed great promise for the next two years. In compiling a 5-6 dual meet record, the Irish convincingly beat Ball State, Western Ontario, St. Bonaventure, and Central Michigan. But they also lost by very large margins to Kent State, Bowling Green, and Purdue. In the season opener, the Notre Dame Invitational, the Irish finished a close second behind Ball State with the result not being decided until the final race, the 200-yard medley relay. The Northern Illinois Invitational was a different story with the Irish taking first over Northern Illinois and Bradley. At Detroit in the Motor City Invita- tional, the Irish finished second behind Northern Michigan with Davis, Diver, and May breaking the team records in the 50 and 100-yard freestyles. 184 trt Opposite, left, senior diver Steve Dixon shows his form off of the high board in the Rock. Opposite, right, Captain Tom Bourke demon- strates his backstroke ability which has set many records for him. Above, freestylers Mike Q. Davis, John May, Joe Diver, and Tom Hock dive into the water for a practice run. Left, the Fighting Irish swimming team: (in the water) S. Green, M. G. Davis, T. Schatz, N. Schiralli, B. Wall; (row 1) T. Roth, B. Carson, H. Ter- wedow, T. Hock, B. Ladouceor, A. Clark, J. Cox, V. Spohn, G. Doerfler, J. Diver; (row 2) Coach Dennis Stark, D. Cabat, mgr., S. Dixon, J. Der- rico, M. Q. Davis, J. Brehm, J. May, J. Hof- weber, and T. Bourke. 185 TENNIS: The winningest coach on cam- pus has another strong team. In his 11 years as head coach of the tennis team, Tom Fallen has compiled a 153-37 won-lost record to become the winningest tennis coach in Notre Dame history. Senior Jasjit Singh, from New Delhi, India, star of last year ' s team, suffered a back injury early in the year and did not start competing until late April. Carlos Carriedo, Notre Dame ' s leading singles star, was joined this year by other veterans such as Rich Rielley, Bernie LeSage, and Tom Murphy. In doubles, Carriedo combined with Mur- phy to make up the top Irish pair. Jim Barnett and Robin O ' Malley, and Rich Rielley and Bernie LeSage were the other leading doubles partners. With the usual brief outdoor work time supplied by the South Bend weather, the tennis team found their first competition of the year in Washington, D.C. In the opening round of the Cherry Blossom Tennis Festival the Irish downed George Washing- ton, 6-3. Carriedo, Rielley, and O ' Malley gained sin- gles ' victories, and the Irish won all of the doubles ' events. Notre Dame, however, lost to Dartmouth and Maryland to finish third in their first tourna- ment. Opposite, above, Tom Murphy and Carlos Carriedo, the leading doubles, warm up with teammates for an oncoming match. Opposite, below, the tennis team : Carlos Carriedo, Tom Murphy, Rob O ' Malley, Jay Cusick, Bob Brereton, Mike Petersmith, Greg Sullivan, Jim Barnett, coach Tom Fallon, Jim Faught, Tony Earley, Rich Rielley, Greg Murray, Terry Heltzel, Bernie LeSage. Above, right, Jasjit Singh from New Delhi warms up for a home match. Above, the serve of Carlos Carriedo, doubles star. 186 187 Opposite, the team members at Notre Dame ' s Burke Memorial Course, kneeling: Charles Muscik, Rick Freehan, Bob Wilson, and Roger Bonahoom. Standing: Bill Daddio, George Farrell, Brian Williams, Fran Mentone, Chuck Martinez, Bill Cvengras, Mike Brands and Father Clarence Durbin. Above, Fran Mentone blasts his way out of a sand trap and onto the second green. Right, captain Charles Muscik tees up the ball. . 188 GOLF: After a mediocre season, they hope for improvement. Last year ' s golf team was a disappointment. Bad weather forced the cancellation of 10 potentially easy matches and left the team with a 9-8 record for the year .This year, junior Charles Musick captains the relatively young and inexperienced team, which did not attend the NCAA finals last summer. Father Clarence Durbin, the coach, is current president of the NCAA Golf Coaches Association, but was reluc- tant to pick the squad to take part in the finals. This year ' s schedule included all of the Big Ten teams as well as Missouri, Valparaiso, and Illinois State College. Matches are usually 18 holes, with each of the six men on the team playing an opponent individually. Team scores are determined by the winners of each 9-hole half of the match. Lettermen Fran Mentone, a senior, and Mike Brands, a junior, were the first men on the team, backed up by Mike Heaton and Roger Bonahoon. Though young, the team hoped for a better showing both in individual matches and in the two-day Northern Intercollegiate Tourney at Michigan State. 189 Opposite, above, Bill Kurd, Notre Dame ' s great sprinter, takes off out of the blocks in his heat of the 300 yard dash at the CCC meet in which he placed second with a time of 30.1 seconds. Opposite, below, one of the best half-milers in the country, Pete Farrell, crosses the finish line in the event in a Notre Dame Fieldhouse record time of 1:51.6. Joe Quigley finished a close second. Above, pole vaulter John Madden goes over the bar at a record of 15 feet 2 inches and placed second. Right, the Irish track team: (first row) V. Ambrico, B. Constantini, M. McCann, B. Sikorski, J. Quigley, E. Broderick, K. O ' Brien, D. Sara- cino, T. Buckley, B. Huddley, (second row) B. Watson, M. Walsh, T. Haines, B. Ken- ney, B. Leahy, (third row) D. Breulin, R. Kurtz, P. Farrell, J. Lehner, D. Saykally, O. Skarstein, D. Welty, (fourth row) S. Rycyna, P. Gough, B. Kurd, D. Hellman, B. Newman, B. Walsh, P. Haas, (fifth row) Coaches Wilson, Smith, Kelly, Manager Finneran. V i " 19O TRACK: Running strength was very strong and mainly responsible for many Irish, victories. In his nineteenth year as head coach, Alex Wilson was looking forward to the 1968 track season. No one could deny Notre Dame ' s sprint power, with such stars as junior Bill Kurd and Ole Skarstein. Veteran Brian Kenny and a host of talented sopho- mores were capable of supplying a strong hurdle punch. Notre Dame ' s true depth, however, was pres- ent in its middle-distance and distance events. Cap- tain Pete Farrell, one of Notre Dame ' s greatest mid- dle-distance men, along with other great competitors, such as Bob Timm, Mike McCann, and Mark Walsh, represented the Irish well from the quarter mile to the 1000-yard. Chuck Vehorn and Bob Watson formed a strong mile combination, and Bob Walsh led the field of Notre Dame two-milers. With such running strength, the Irish had ample relay power. The field events looked to be Notre Dame ' s only weak spot, but high jumper Ed Broderick and vaulter John Madden had the potential to alleviate that problem. A close 69-61 opening victory over Indiana proved that Notre Dame ' s depth was indeed strong; they took 6 firsts out of 15 events. Second, Bill Hurd made it quite clear that he had come to Notre Dame to break records. He came away from Indiana with the I.U. Fieldhouse record in the 300 yard dash, and a record equaling 60-yard dash. The Irish next treated their home audience to a traditional Notre Dame win, as they beat Miami of Ohio, 87-4. Notre Dame ' s 10 firsts in 11 running events tells most of the story. Bill Hurd again upset the record books, but against Miami, he was not alone. Pete Farrell and Bob Timm joined Hurd in establishing four meet records. The MSU Relays proved to be a rough test for individual performers, but the relay teams finished strong. Notre Dame ' s best individual per- formance was again turned in by Bill Hurd, as he stepped off his third 6.1 60-yard dash to take the MSU title. Other top performances were supplied by Mike McCann ' s third in the 600-yard run, and Ed Broderick ' s fifth in the high jump. Michigan then handed the Irish their first dual meet loss of the 1968 season. The Wolverines took 9 of 15 events, and dealt Notre Dame a 76-64 defeat. In the midst of such a fine season, however, Coach Wilson could not avoid expressing some pessimism about next year. With such names as Farrell, Timm, Vehorn, Howard, Walsh, and Leahy leaving the ros- ter, Coach Wilson saw a problem in filling the va- cancies. Freshman sprint strength and the new NCAA freshman ruling could solve his problems. 191 BASEBALL: Strong pitching and Dick Licini ' s .350 batting average may lead to an NCAA bid. Boasting one of his best pitching staffs in years, Coach " Jake " Kline can look forward to another successful baseball season. Captain Tom Cuggino is back again after having a very good year as a junior. Dave Celmer, star relief pitcher, had the best won-lost record on the squad last year and will be back again. They will be backed up by two strong junior pitchers, Bob Arnzen and Jim Phelps. Two sophomores, Nick Furlong and Mickey Karkut, could give the Irish extra strength to carry the team to an NCAA playoff bid. Complimenting this strong staff is an equally strong group of hitters and fielders. Joe Kernan will probably play second base, with Tim Monty handling the catching chores. Dick Licini, who batted over .350 last season, will be back at first base. Footballer Bob Kuechenberg and John Rodgers will support the left side of the infield. Veteran outfielders Frank Orga and Bob " Rocky " Kocmalski, will offer fielding as well as hitting strength. Other help will be sought from Tom Lux, Paul Slovic, Gerry Goetz, Bill Orga, and Rich Lucke. This year ' s schedule includes 27 games with very strong opponents, such as Michigan State, Bowling Green, and Western Michigan. 192 Opposite, above, Captain Tom Cuggino shows his form as he pitches to teammate, " Rocky " Kocmalski, while Tim Monty catches during an intrasquad game. Oppo- site, below, second baseman Joe Kernan puts the tag on Frank Orga as he slides into second base. Above, row 1, Nick Furlong, Brian Murphy, Jim Phelps, Mickey Karkut, Boh Jaeger, Dick Licini, Nick Scarpelli, Joe Kernen, Rich Lucke, Bill Chapman and Steve Hamilton; row 2, coach Clarence " Jake " Kline, Verlin Moore, Mike Sweet, Dave Celmer, Tim Monty, Boh Allaire, Bill Mahoney, Paul Slovik, Frank Orga, Tim Dineen, Mike Eggart, Bob Dunphy, Tom Boyle, Bill Peters, Tom Kelly; row 3, Tom Cuggino, Russ Lindeman, Marty Kress, Bob Kuechenburg, Bill Orga, Bob Kocmalski, Joe Keenan, Bob Voitier, Gerry Goetz, Jim Sweeney, Tom Lux, John Rogers, Kevin Reardon, Manager. Left, first baseman Dick Licini during a practice session. 193 194 CLUB SPORTS: Hockey will become varsity next year, but it ' s unlikely the others will follow soon. The present day club sports have come on the Notre Dame scene within the last decade to fulfill many needs. The most noteworthy is to supply a chance for students who don ' t have enough time or don ' t have the physical capabilities to compete on a var- sity level, to participate in a sport. But once they join, the students maintain their independence and are also self-organized. And it is by this means that the club sports have achieved such a high value to Notre Dame. The goal of these clubs is to achieve such success that they can become a varsity sport. Nonetheless, some that do reach this success wish to maintain their autonomy and status as a club. In the fall of 1968, Notre Dame will have a new varsity sport hockey. This was brought about by the spectators ' interest and the completion of the new Athletic and Convocation Center ' s indoor ice arena. Although hockey is the only club sport going varsity, lacrosse and soccer both are awaiting the chance when they too can make the transition. Bob Morin, captain of the lacrosse team, says, " Many of the co aches of the teams we have played have wondered why lacrosse has not become a varsity sport because we have played so consistently since we were organized four years ago. " Jim Dean, president of the soccer club, notes, " The soccer team hasn ' t had much success and I think this is because we really don ' t have a coach that takes enough interest in us. " Rugby, the most popular of the clubs, doesn ' t want to become a varsity sport because it would not be able to have as many team members as it does now, and would not be able to have its inde- pendence, self-rule, and of course, the parties. The trip to Ireland which it made during Easter Vaca- tion would not be possible if rugby were varsity. Other clubs have just started gaining their prominence and show great promise for the future. In its fourth year of existence the crew club has improved tremendously and has had offers to race against Harvard in a few years. This year the sail- ing club was able to make the trip to the New Or- leans Regatta. Weightlifting has declined in popu- larity but prospects are strong. Since the university can only supply a limited amount of money to each sport, each club must find some way to raise money to pay for their expenses. A little of it comes from the refreshment sales at every home basketball game. But a great portion of the clubs ' funds come from the different team members who buy their own equipment and pay their members ' dues. The members get the satisfaction of competing and experience through the mere existence of the club sports. 105 Hockey ' s 13-3 year and the new arena for next year has left the rugby club unruffled-they simply went to Ireland. 196 On the verge of becoming a varsity sport, th e Notre Dame hockey club produced a fine 13-3 record against formidable competition. Coached by Jerry Paquette and led by captain and most valuable play- er, Bill Pfeffer, the Irish traveled extensively throughout the nation. Phil Whittliff led a strong offensive attack as he scored 37 goals and 15 assists to lead the Irish scorers with 52 points. Behind Witt- liff was a group of eight well-balanced scorers, who consistently supplied the points. One of the biggest factors in the Irish success, however, was the pre- sence of a group of good freshmen. These new ar- rivals helped to fill in the gaps left by last year ' s graduates. By the end of the season they supplied 8 of the 17-man traveling squad. The opening victory over St. Procopius College by the score of 15-0 foretold a great season to come. Victories over such opponents as the University of Detroit, Purdue, Western Michigan, and the Air Force Academy followed, as the Irish continued to win with big scores. Next year, the first varsity head coach will be Lefty Smith of South St. Paul, Minnesota. He is con- sidered the top high school coach in the state, and has produced teams with impressive records. He will replace student coaches Jerry Paquette and his assistants Vince Maurese and Dick Bresler. Founded in 1961, rugby has reached the highest stage of prominence of all the club sports. Not only have the Irish ruggers continued to have their parties, but they have also achieved a 6-0-1 record before their high point of the year, the trip to Ire- land over Easter vacation. It was hoped that this will help the team gain a few finer points of the game from Ireland ' s best, including, the University of Cork at Cork, Limerick Rugby Club at Shannon- Limerick, Thurles Rugby Club at Tipperary, and the Devlin and Novan Rugby Clubs at Dublin. The trip is being financed partially by the donations of alum- ni, profit from parties, and mainly from the contri- butions of each of the 25 team members making the trip. The trip was the first foreign trip ever spon- sored by a Notre Dame athletic team. Despite the 3-3 tie with Wisconsin in the spring, the Irish easily defeated St. Louis, John Carroll, Georgetown and Chicago with the Irish scoring a total of 30 points. Led by senior Tom Gibbs, the starting fifteen with such standouts as Brian Mur- phy at hooker, Jay Fiorello, Dick Carrigan at jumper, Bill Kenealy and Pat Keenan at halfbacks provided the team with experience. With the continued success of the rugby ' B ' team, who have now achieved a remarkable record of 43-1 over the last four years, the team looked for success in its trips to California, Ireland, the Midwest Tour- nament and their own Irish Challenge Cup a sched- ule representative of the most outstanding rugby played in America and Europe. Opposite, above, left, Phil Wittliff delivers the puck into the net despite the efforts of the goalie. Opposite, above, right, Dick Car- rigan tackles Dave Yonto while teammates Paul Hennessey and John Dendak converge on the play during an intrasquad scrimmage. Oppo- site, below, Pat Keenan laterals the ball back to another dark shirt teammate while white shirt opponents Bill Gormley and Bruce Deichel converge. Above, " high sticking " is the penalty and an Irish player is forced to sit out an allotted time. 197 Opposite, above, the soccer team (row 1) D. Guletz, M. Hennelly, D. Adams, J. Dean, D. Negrelli, T. Ryan, E. Tavares, C. Ramming, J. Griffin, B. McAleer, C. Montufar, (row 2) E. Inwang, asst. coach, H. Herman, coach, D. Samora, V. DeCosta, J. Pedrotty, P. Connel, G. Abrams, P. Rutherford, J. Patton, S. Braley, J. Goldkamp, B. Ring, B. Harrison, J. Berges, T. Patton, T. Morrell, J. Mehlmann, E. Wilbraham, M. D ' Hoostelaere, D. Lounsbery, asst. coach. Oppo- site, below, the lacrosse team (row 1) F. Bingle, T. McHugh, J. Niedermann, P. Feola, F. Peilsticker, D. Macintosh, P. Metzger, M. Stoeher, D. Doherty, B. Morin, T. Kingston, B. Noonan, D. Lando, L. Niessen, (row 2) F. Dooley, K. Lund, H. DePaolo, J. Waechtel, M. Saterino, B. Trost, R. Christie, S. Altman, (row 3) P. Murray, J. Waesche, T. Follett, B. Toland, J. Caverly, J. Laffey, D. Brandt, B. Perry, F. Diefde, G. Rahner, K. Higgins, S. Ferrari, M. Bresnahan, D. Brouder, J. McCoy, JI. Murray, T. Kress, J. Kammer. Above, Carlos Montufar blocks out an Indiana State University player while Tom Morrell (11) sets to advance the ball. While the soccer team could get only two wins, lacrosse hoped for much better than last year ' s .5OO season. In its fourth season as a club sport, the lacrosse team hoped for an immense improvement over last year ' s 7-7 season, when they lost three games by only one goal. Team captain Bob Morin on attack and president Duncan Macintosh at midneld re- turned to head an experienced group of players. Only three members of last year ' s team were lost through graduation. The starting ten players are divided into three different sections, the attack, midfield, and defense. On the attack are three men led by Morin, Dan Broder and Pete Metzger in the crease. Backing up Maclntish in the midneld are Rich Cristie and Bob Noonan, who have had adequate experience at that position. On defense, a youthful team prevails led by Tom Kingston and Jim Cavanaugh. This season the team has many rough games, especially the Easter trip through North Carolina and Washington, D.C. During the trip, the Irish play some of the best teams in the nation, including Ohio State, Dennison, and Washington Lee. The Irish lacrosse team, faced with many organi- zational and monetary problems, has stressed the need for a coach who would be able to teach them some of the finer points of the game. But the pos- sibility of acquiring a coach is very slim since the university will not supply them with the money or varsity status. This year ' s soccer team was once again faced with a perplexing season. Pitted against such teams as Goshen and Quincy, top soccer teams in the mid- west, the Irish could only salvage two victories, one a 5-2 victory over Toledo in overtime and the other a forfeit from Southern Illinois. One development of the season was the improve- ment in many individual players. Captain Don Negrelli and Denny Guletz both had very good seasons. Next year ' s team is greatly depending upon the continued development of goalies Chris Ramming and Bob McAleer. The brightest spots of next year ' s team, however, lie in the realization of the potential of halfbacks German Calle and front linemen Tom Morrell and Tim Patton. With the added spirit from acting coach Dave Lounsbery, the team is now undergoing a period or reorganization. In May the team will test its strength when it travels to Toronto. With greater recognition by the student body and the continued improve ment of many individuals a better team can be developed to give next year ' s team one of the finest seasons in its history. 198 199 Opposite, above, the crew ' s junior varsity team practicing the basics of rowing the shells and feathering. Opposite, below, the Notre Dame Rowing Association (background) B. Kilzer, C. Krebs, B. Benoit, P. Meter, G. Russell, captain; V. Sherry, J. Radovitch, M. Murray, coach, M. Grantham, J. Byrne, (foreground) J. Koeppel, D. Cans, G. Blynt, G. Naples, M. McDonald, T. Powers, S. Fox, J. Curtin, M. Hall, T. Shepherd, P. Weathersby, P. Fries, T. Myers, R. Simp- son, R. McGlynn. Above, Captain Geoff Bray skiing down the slope of a Michigan hillside. While the ski team could get to only two meets, the crew hoped to equal last year ' s 6-1 dual meet record. The Notre Dame Ski Club only went to two meets for the year because of the poor conditions which prevailed and the fact that the team was unable to get together to discuss the meets. But two experi- enced skiers, John Bauchman and Captain Geoff Bray, returned to lead the Irish. They both had im- pressive past records at Notre Dame, but their in- ability to practice combined with the improved skiers at Michigan Tech, Michigan State and Wis- consin didn ' t yield any good placings, although they did place fifth in the Midwest Championships. But next year ' s team looks very good as competi- tors Bauchman, Kevin Gumming, and Jim Hagen- barth return. Although they had the potential for a winning team this year, the Irish seemed unable to get organized. The 1967-68 Notre Dame Rowing Association started their season with hopes of repeating last year ' s success. In seven of their dual meets last year, the Irish won six, defeating teams like Howard, American, Canisius, St. John ' s and Fordham, losing only to Purdue. In the Mid-American Sprints held at Marietta, Ohio, the Irish placed third in a field of fifteen entrants, including Marietta, the number one crew team in the Midwest, Purdue, and Michi- gan State. At the infamous Dad Vail Championships held in Philadelphia, the Irish placed a strong thir- teenth out of the 36 entries. Coach Mike Murray returned to sponsor the team which was led by senior captain Gene Russell. With only four of last year ' s varsity members returning John Koeppel, Russell, Mark Grantham and Ray McGlynn the Irish had to rely on last year ' s strong freshman team to supply the power. Some of those working their way into the varsity were Vince Sherry, Jay Radovitch, Pat Meter, Paul Weathersby, Charlie Krebs, Barry Kilzer and Bill Boneit. This year the rowers met many rough teams in their Easter vacation tour through Florida with Jacksonville University the best team. Once again the Irish rowed in the Mid-American Championships and the Dad Vail Championship, but this year some- thing new was added to their schedule, a meet against Mexico ' s Olympic team, and entrance in Kan- sas State ' s tournament. The team has also accepted an invitation to row against Harvard next year. 200 201 202 One of the most physically demanding, yet least publicized sports at Notre Dame is weightlifting. The Irish at one time put great emphasis on this activity, developing a national championship team. Strangely, the sport was discontinued on a competi- tive basis shortly thereafter. Resurrected in 1966, the Notre Dame strongmen have shown a consider- able amount of championship potential. According to Captain Mike Burgener, the team was " very suc- cessful " in their competitive matches of the past season. The squad opened their campaign by placing sec- ond in a triangular meet with Andrews University of Michigan and a local team from South Bend. The Irish found victory for the first time by winning the Indiana State Open Meet in February. In subse- quent matches at Cincinnati, Des Moines, and Mil- waukee the team gave very fine accounts of them- selves against much more established competition. Those who were consistently outstanding in their performances were Mike Burgener, Tim George, and Mike Tomasula, although each man on the team contributed to its overall success. Seven of the nine team members are returning to develop another strong team for next year. After a somewhat disappointing year in 1966-67, the Notre Dame Sailing Club has started the 1967-68 season in a completely different position. The Irish acquired an excellent autumn record with firsts in the Indiana University and Purdue Regattas, and a second in the Ohio State Regatta. They also placed fifth in the Timmie Angstan Championships held in Chicago against seventeen schools, including the University of Michigan, Southern California, the Coast Guard Academy and Navy. While these schools were the only ones to beat Notre Dame, the Irish managed to defeat such noteworthy teams as Brown, Georgia Tech, and Ohio State. In February, the Irish traveled to the New Or- leans Regatta, called the " Windjammer, " and placed second in a field of seven schools. By the time of the Midwest Championships, held at Iowa, the Irish were considered to be the second best team in the Midwest, topped only by Michigan. And if they cap- ture either first or second place in them, they then receive the chance to go to the North American Championships held at Yale University. In each of the races, the sailors send out two dif- ferent boats against each team they are meeting. Each boat then sends out two men, a skipper and a crew. The best skippers are racing team captain Rich Doyle and Bill McElroy, while the best crew members are Mark Brown and Gary Ticus. But the Irish also have a " party team " that organizes all the activities for them. Sailing: a chance to go to the North American Champion- ships. Weightlifting: victory in the Indiana State Open. Opposite, above, the sailing team, Mike Morrissey, Brian McGlynn, Dave Hatfield, Jerry Mehm, Pat Leonardo, Carl Pavelko, Pete Sene- cal, Bill McElroy, Tom O ' Laughlin, Richie Doyle, Chuck Taylor, John Hildebrandt, Al Apt, Gary Ticus, Gary Negin, Mark Brown. Opposite, below, the weightlifting team, (row 1) Tim George, Greg Rohlf, Jed Ervin, (row 2) Bill Moran, Mike Anderson, Father Lange, Wayne Beaverson. 203 FOOTBALL (Won 8, Lost 2) ND 41 California 8 21 Purdue 28 56 Iowa 6 7 Southern Cal 24 47 Illinois 7 24 Michigan State .... 12 43 Navy 14 38 Pittsburgh 36 Georgia Tech 3 24 Miami (Fla.) 22 WRESTLING (Won 6, Lost 4) ND 79 Case Tech 80 Rochester Tech .... 65 Clarkson 51 27 Valparaiso 6 11 Purdue 18 20 John Carroll ..... 15 12 Wabash 21 22 Cincinnati 9 14 Western Michigan ... 23 Wheaton Invitational-Hansen 2nd ; Olmstead and Mudron 4th 13 Marquette 22 27 Illinois Tech 6 30 Chicago Circle .... 2 20 Wheaton 9 BASKETBALL (Won 21, Lost 9) ND 97 St. Joseph ' s (Ind.) . 81 Wisconsin . . . 97 Lewis College . . 79 Southern Methodist 102 St. Norbert ' s . . 91 Indiana . 72 . 73 . 59 . 59 . 70 . 96 73 Utah State 72 63 UCLA 114 64 Villa Madonna 59 73 Kentucky .... 105 King ' s College (Pa.) 58 Air Force Academy 72 Creighton . . . 83 Detroit .... 75 DePaul .... 82 Butler 67 Illinois 68 Michigan State . . 77 Detroit 91 DePaul 67 Duke 81 81 St. John ' s 83 68 64 Bradley 61 45 70 New York University . . 67 63 87 Valparaiso 75 63 72 Creighton 68 68 N.I.T. 77 62 Army 58 68 62 LIU 60 89 74 Dayton 76 82 81 St. Peter ' s 78 85 Third in NIT 73 ND 78 36 SWIMMING (Won 5, Lost 6) Ball State 81 Wayne State 57 Central Michigan ... 42 Oakland 35 Valparaiso 35 Kent State 68 33 Bowling Green . . 74 Ball State .... 50 Ohio University . 73 Western Ontario . 63 Wayne State . .- . 71 St. Bonaventure . 50 Northwestern . . 48 Purdue 50 Western Michigan 74 39 63 30 50 42 63 74 63 62 90 Central Michigan ... 40 Northern 111. Invitational Northern Illinois ... 53 Bradley 45 Wayne State 27 Motor City Invitational Northern Michigan . . 161 Wayne State .... 981 2 Oakland 82 204 HOCKEY (Won 13, Lost 3) 15 St. Procopius 22 Wheaton College .... 4 9 Northern Illinois .... 3 6 Wisconsin State U. . . . 8 6 St. John ' s (Minn.) ... 3 3 Detroit 2 7 St. Mary ' s College (Minn.) . 4 4 Detroit 3 1 Port Huron Jr. A . . .13 14 Lewis College .... 2 4 Purdue 2 8 Western Michigan ... 7 2 Wisconsin 16 8 Northern Illinois .... 5 6 Air Force Academy ... 4 9 Air Force Academy ... 6 SCORES: Major winter sports go 62-23 for the best record in years. TENNIS Won 3, Lost 3) (Season Incomplete) ND 6 George Washington ... 3 1 Dartmouth 8 Maryland 9 5 Wisconsin State .... 4 5 Ohio State 4 3 Bradley 5 TRACK ( Won 2, Lost 1) ND 69 Indiana 87 Miami (Ohio) . . . Michigan State Relays ; Kurd, 1st in 60-yard dash; McCann, 3rd in 600, Sprint Relay team, 2nd. 64 Michigan CCC Meet 73 Western Michigan ... 60 Southern Illinois . . . 361 2 61 Cleveland K of C Relays: 44 Notre Dame 2nd in one-and two-mile relays. Vehorn, 4th in mile. IC4A Meet: Notre Dame placed 4th. Hurd, 1st in 60-yard dash. 76 Broderick 2nd in high jump. RUGBY ( Won 7, Lost 0, Tied 1) (Season Incomplete) ND ND 33 Chicago 55 5 Wisconsin 3 8 Illinois 5 16 17 St. Louis 23 13 Georgetown 11 44 8 John Carroll 24 3 Wisconsin 3 43 20 Illinois 43 CROSS COUNTRY (Won 4, Lost 1, Tied 1) Notre Dame Invitational Western Michigan ... 65 Kent State 93 Michigan State .... 46 India na 38 Ball State 44 Chicago Track Club . . 34 Kent State 25 Bowling Green .... 58 FENCING (Won 18, Lost 1) ND 16 Indiana Tech 11 19 Cleveland State .... 8 14 Air Force Academy . . 13 17 Chicago Circle .... 10 22 Vanderbilt 5 18 Iowa . 9 17 Detroit 10 20 Chicago 7 14 Ohio State 13 21 Michigan State .... 6 18 Duke 9 20 Milwaukee Tech .... 7 15 Iowa 12 13 Wisconsin 14 16 Illinois . 11 24 Case Tech 3 16 Oberlin 11 21 Buffalo 6 20 Syracuse 7 15 Wayne State 12 Great Lakes Championships 51 Wayne State 42 Chicago Circle .... 41 NCAA Tournament: 205 BENGAL BOUTS: Breen, McGrath, Schaefer, Irwin, Servant, and Landolfi take key boxing championships. The Bengal Bouts, under the supervision of their founder Dominic " Nappy " Napolitano, have made quite a transition from their beginning back in 1931 at a night smoker in the Fencing Room of the Field- house. Since that night the Bouts have grown so much that they have been recognized by Sports Illustrated as the " best amateur boxing in America. " After almost five months of practice, the fighter ' s season finally reached its climax on Monday, March 25, with most of the ten divisions meeting in the quarter finals. The finalists, determined on Wednes- day night, fought it out for the championships the following Friday. In the 127 pound division, Panamanian Eduardo Ferrer met Dave Krashna and on a unanimous deci- sion Ferrer was the victor. The 137 pound class saw a contest between two excellent boxers, Larry Brode- rick defending champion in the 127 pound class, and John McGrath, the president of the Notre Dame Boxing Club. McGrath beat Broderick in another unanimous decision. In the 145 and 150 pound divi- sions, Paul Partyka and Dave Pemberton both won on split decisions over Tom Dorsel and wrestler Jim Hansen respectively. Jed Ervin and Jim Loverde met in a hotly contested battle for the 155 pound title. Although both were in excellent condition, Ervin decisioned Loverde by pounding him con- stantly. A special match was set up for last year ' s finalists in the 155 pound class, Kent Casey and Mike Lavery, who had been defeated by Loverde and Ervin respectively on Wednesday night. Lavery, a junior, had not lost a match in the last two years, 206 winning the 150 and 145 pound class in his sopho- more and freshman years, but could not withstand the drive of Casey and was knocked out in 1:19 of the first period. Defending champion in the 155 pound class and younger brother of John McGrath, Bob McGrath, lost by a unanimous decision to senior Mike Schaefer in the 160 pound class. In the 167 pound title, Chris Servant, feinting and faking, won on a split decision over slugging Mike Downey. In the first of the heavier divisions, Tom Breen, defend- ing champion in the 177 pound division, defeated Tom Etten by a unanimous decision for another championship in the 177 weight class. The 185- pounders, freshmen Matt Connelly and Hank Meyer were evenly matched but Meyer held out and won unanimously. The heavyweight division saw foot- baller Chuck Landolfi win a split decision over fresh- man Denny Allan in a battle in which the crowd got into the act and started hissing when Landolfi shoved Allan into the ropes. Along with the awards to the title winners, spe- cial trophies given included best first year boxer, Tom Sudden; best boxer in a losing effort, Tony Kluka; sportsmanship trophy, Kevin Coyle; most improved boxer, Etten; most outstanding boxer, Ervin; and the " Nappy Trophy " given to John McGrath. The competition and interest in the events of the Bengals has always been intense mainly because the good boxing that is involved ; but also for the fact that the proceeds are sent to the Holy Cross Mission in Bengal, Pakistan. Opposite, above, Bob McGrath delivers a sharp left to Dick Mc- Partlin ' s head and counters his return. Opposite, below, left, Chuck Landolfi stands over his foe, Jack Pierce, after he has knocked him down. Opposite, below right, Tony Kluka, awarded a trophy as best boxer in a losing effort. Above, the boxers grimace as they hit each other with their full strength. Left, a boxer patiently awaits his turn in the ring. 207 INTRAMURALS: Sorin wins the interhall football championship vith a muddy victory over Keenan. For just about every Sunday in late autumn, four or five groups of football players, clad in pads and helmets right out of the forties, run around in the mud in the fields behind the Center for Continuing Education. Pads and helmets are supplied by the interhall part of the Department of Athletics; the teams are supplied by the halls. In three leagues this year, each of the 18 halls battled eight weeks in the mud up to the championship game. Each team was responsible for its own coaching, practice, plays, and for getting to the game on time. Most of the early games were just for fun, but about mid-season, a hotly contested battle within the leagues developed. Defending interhall champion Lyons was favored this year, but lost a game to- wards the end of the season against Sorin in League II competition. Sorin then got a bye and was picked to play the winner of the League I-League III semi- final. Keenan beat Zahm 6-0 while Sorin was resting up for the final. Sorin followed its upset with a muddy victory over Keenan to take the championship. Football is the most important of the interhall athletic programs. There are about 14 other intra- mural sports played in varying degrees on the cam- pus : Several leagues exist in basketball : among the campus organizations, some halls, and in class com- petition. Handball matches are usually carried on by the halls, and baseball, track, and softball are offered in general intramural programs. The department of athletics estimates that more than 70 percent of the students participate in some form of intramurals. 208 four land Jtke like team dice, tat lithe ipion eto- ague icked Km- cam- ?the corn- lit of (the mis, Opposite, an interhall quarterback sets to throw a completed pass to his teammate in the field behind the Continuing Education Center. Left, a problem faced by many handball enthusiasts no courts will be solved when the Athletic and Convocation Center is built. Below, Notre Dame places such emphasis on athletics because its stu- dents are so sports minded. On any after- noon, the Rock courts will be packed with basketball players both students and fac- ulty members. 209 210 STUDENT LIFE: The year of Father Kavanaugh, student power, " The Graduate and the Delphic Oracle September . . . the return . . . the Indiana toll road exit number nine shimmers in the night light . . . the smell of newly waxed floors and the same old paint with a new regulation legalizing refrigerators but not beer . . . Registration seems easier than ever but the bookstore lines persist as all that summer cash starts to drain . . . First pep rally two days after classes start ... a half ton of defense stops California, 41-8, with Dionne Warwick cleaning up . . . social life pauses for a breath after the Purdue loss and a ho-hum Iowa win . . . John Davidson manages to bring things back to life for the South- ern Cal weekend, and the social commission produces the biggest Homecoming in years . . . but no cameras were there . . . the football team, ignoring the fes- tivities, arrives at its season low point on a stun- ning Saturday afternoon . . . John Davidson stays around and produces his $350,000 special in the middle of the week. Father Kavanaugh pops the news to an unsuspect- ing audience and takes an ad in The Times telling everyone about it ... Fr. Riehle and the boys with the guns are now enforcing campus-wide rules on drinking and female visitors . . . the pooh-bahs abolish the old coat and tie rule: Can a fight on parietal hours be far behind? . . . bye-bye hall au- tonomy ... an election year in South Bend : ABC raids every weekend . . . the Notre Dame-St. Mary ' s Theater starts a fine season with A Streetcar Named Desire, but Stanley doesn ' t equal Blanche . . . the Halfway House begins to lose its mixing quality and look like any other date-infested hangout . . . October 28 finds Michigan State in the stadium, but its just not the same this year . . . The Tops hit Stepan Center and turn on the entire crowd in the best Motown rock concert in years . . . Notre Dame com- pletes its home schedule with Navy . . . the Film Society begins screening its 15-film series, with ob- scure gems by Kawalerowicz, Kobayashi, Kalatozov, and Kazan, with hopes for a few Kurosawas in a Japanese festival . . . Acid rock comes to South Bend as the Delphic Oracle with Captain Electric and the Flying Lapels but the teeny boppers congregate there and local parents put on the pressure . . . six weeks later, the Oracle is closed on a building code violation . . . the theme-party gets out of control with a Miniskirt, a Pink Slip, and a Toga party all on the same weekend . . . Moliere ' s School For Wives proves hilarious. 211 Sr. Mary Grace is asked to leave St. Mary ' s after a dispute, probably about the merger with Notre Dame, while Fr. Hesburgh promises the students that " very soon " there will be an announcement of a girls ' school coming to the campus . . . but while everyone is talking, the hard realization that foot- ball season is really over and winter is really here is taking effect . . . into Thanksgiving, mid-terms the end of football, the drive to Christmas vacation and a rest . . . ' 68 enters with Notre Dame students across the nation in various states. The Student Union Academic Commission takes stock and finds that five percent of the U.S. Senate (Mark Hatfield, Birch Bayh, Vance Hartke, George McGovern and Gale McGee), Robert Welch, Julian Bond, Harold Stassen, Kenneth O ' Donnel, Herbert Aptheker, Jack Valenti, and Army General Harold K. Johnson had spoken on campus in the first semes- ter . . . the addition of telephones to St. Mary ' s and three more Notre Dame dorms makes that old com- munication barrier more psychological than ever . . . but if you happen to know a St. Mary ' s girl who gets insecure every night at 3 A.M., you ' re in trouble . . . the South Bend winter proves less of a problem than last year, and semester break skiiers have difficulty finding snow one year after the 26 " extravaganza . . . Right in the middle of exam week, the Annual North Dining Hall Food Poisoning Scandal and Riot occurs . . . the damages are revised downward from $2500 to $850. Film takes over : more than 60 the second semester . . . the basketball team, coming out of semester break at 13-3 and grand hopes, drops three in a row to Illinois, Michigan State, and Detroit . . . The Sophomore Literary Festival makes some headway and snags the World Premier of Norman Mailer ' s film, Beyond the Law, at Stepan Center . . . The festival practically swallows the Student Govern- ment Arts Festival, as Norman Mailer, Joseph Hel- ler, Kurt Vonnegut, Ralph Ellison, and Granville Hicks agree to appear . . . the Philidor trio returns to campus with a mixed Bach bag and a little Tele- mann . . . Mardi Gras offers a Sting Ray and a Riviera as well as a design oriented carnival and legitimate card games . . . February swings with the student body presidential election . . . Rossie and Dowd, pre-campaign equals, start attacking each other ... In a dramatic shift, the campus changes to Rossie inspired student rights and Dowd takes third behind late entry Chuck Perrin . . . Fr. Riehle puts up a campus directive banning student pets, and writes a personal letter to Morrissey ' s Dirty Thirty after they part with their dalmation, Sparky . . . Dow Chemical arrives on campus for a little recruiting and the underground radicals manage to get together in force at something other than the ROTC presidential review . . . The Graduate be- comes de rigeur for all seniors . . . Austin Carr sets a fieldhouse record with 20 of 30 from the floor and 212 12 of 12 free throws for 52 points in a freshman game against Michigan State . . . The Scholastic decides to run a cover story on the fencing team ' s 31-meet winning streak . . . next match, the fencers lose to Wisconsin, 14-3 ... the fieldhouse rocks for the last time as the basketball team destroys Creighton and heads for the N.I.T. . . . New York becomes a Notre Dame city as the Irish beat Army in the first round on St. Patrick ' s eve, and go on to place third. Gen. Hershey shakes up seniors, graduate schools, and just about everyone else in cancelling post grad- uate deferments . . . Jacqueline Grennan announces that she doesn ' t like the dormitory system . . . CJF starts March off with a top-notch collection of col- lege jazz groups, but the judges can ' t find one good enough to win the combo award . . . mid-semester exams again . . . spring arrives at some indetermi- nate time . . . most Hoosiers are amazed that there wasn ' t any earth stopping snow storm all winter . . . the Avon tries to fight the Granada ' s Bonnie and Clyde and the State ' s Graduate with W.C. Fields week . . . Chuck Perrin, hot from a second place finish in the campus ' s annual popularity contest, makes his dramatic debut in a great performance of Pirandello ' s Enrico 7V ... The Academic Com- mission continues its fantastic lecture lineup with William Buckley and Bobby Kennedy, while Black Nationalist Ron Karen debates Professor James Silver on Black Power . . . Sargent Shriver arrives on campus the day that Gov. Kerner of Illinois an- nounces that he won ' t seek reelection, but Shriver ' s not talking . . . the Braniff strip . . . Mark Lane destroys the one-bullet theory one more time . . . The Mock Political Convention takes on new meaning as McCarthy wins in New Hampshire, and Kennedy and Rockefeller jump into the race . . . The conven- tion nominates peace candidate Mark Hatfield as peace candidate McCarthy beats Johnson in Wis- consin . . . The Literary Festival: a whole week of lectures . . . Student accounts announces that there are 37 empty beds on campus . . . The University re- veals the plans for two new high-rise dormitories, the first in 12 years . . . Construction on the athletic and convocation center, the double bubble, nears completion . . . The parking problem grows as more seniors bring cars back after Easter . . . Campus police raise the parking fine to $10.00 . . . more and more students take off for the weekend as the spring weather gets better . . . the dunes beckon . . . tornado warnings . . . frisbees . . . studying on the grass . . . Senior Prom : last chance girls . . . more girls show up on campus, but the problem still remain ridicu- lous . . . Barat announces it is moving to Notre Dame . . . 600 more girls . . . sometimes one wonders why Notre Dame just doesn ' t go co-ed and stop fooling around with moving established schools . . . summer jobs . . . I-A classifications . . . next year ' s room- mates . . . rain . . . final exams . . June. Telephones to Saint Mary ' s . . . annual food, poisoning and riot . . . " Beyond the Law " . . . Rossie versus Dowd . . . no more deferments for grad school . . . tower dorms . . . Barat is coming. 213 214 The trip to South Bend had been long and boring, complicated by a flat tire in Pennsylvania. Once in South Bend, however, everything looked the same it always did as when he left in June. He laughed to himself thinking of his mother rearranging his clothes in the locker three times. She had been very talkative on the trip out, and continued asking his roommate what he wanted her to send in the home CARE packages. In the hall, guys were wandering from room to room, seeing who lived on the third floor, and look- ing for extra furniture. " It ' s going to be a good year. " " It ' s got to be. " " Been to the Senior Bar? " " What happened to the telephones? " The forced double was crowded . . . but it would be better once he built the bookcase and got the chair from summer storage. Someone even said that the bookstore had psychedelic posters. Well, he ' d take his poster of Sophia Loren. RETURN: Everything looked the same. It would be a good year. The hall would have more activities . . . and football season was always good. His courses wouldn ' t be bad ... no classes on Tuesday and Thursday. Just a lab on Thursday afternoon. Later, he walked outside, waved to some old friends, promising to meet them at Nicola ' s later that night. Strict A.B.C. surveillance in South Bend had already frustrated the usual freshmen trips to Corby ' s and for that matter, threatened to cut out some of his drinking. Maybe he would give the Half- way House at Holy Cross Hall a try. It was some- thing new anyway. Walking across campus, he glanced at some fresh- men in their spanking new sweatshirts already playing basketball behind the bookstore. In the Huddle the bulletin boards were already cluttered with notices. Dionne Warwick was coming . . . not bad. Someone was already selling California tickets. He was annoyed to see that hamburgers were now thirty cents and that the bargain ten-cent Coke was now selling for fifteen cents. The songs on the juke box reminded him of summer and his girl. Already he heard " The Letter " twice while smoking a cig- arette. When he went to dinner that night, he heard the old complaints about the food. The tie rubbed against his sunburned neck. Maybe that rule would change this year. As he left the dining hall, he made plans with the guys. There were still two days until classes began. 215 HALL LIFE: Living on campus seems like a good idea, but . . . While the University continues to work its way along the path of greatness, appropriating all the money and talent that entails, Notre Dame men living on the campus are struggling to improve the condition and structure of their life in residence halls. The problem has become acutely relevant and timely with the looming construction of two twin- tower luxury dorms and relaxed rules for living off -campus, including apartments and cars. The basic thrust of student efforts to take the question of hall life into new directions has come with the self -imposition of four year stay hall. Hav- ing been attempted first on an experimental basis in a limited number of halls, a directive to initiate total campus stay hall was passed by the first Notre Dame General Assembly of Students. The Stay Hall Committee, under Mike Jordan, has worked with the individual hall councils to determine the best method of implementation for each hall. The stay hall concept, in its wider ramifications, indicates that the underlying goal of student efforts appears to be a modified residence college system. It is ironic that the perennial description of the hall as being the focus of student life have simply not been true. Without the introduction of four year halls, there is neither the time nor the continuity to establish any viable community spirit and common concern. The lack of hall identity and hall leadership in a transient student body dooms the fundamental unity and potential of hall life at Notre Dame. The concept of stay hall, as the initial step towards resi- dence colleges, begins to solve many of the problems of hall life that plague on-campus residents. The principle of self-government by autonomous living units is integral to the full development of hall life within residence colleges. The Rossie bill on student self-government culminated the efforts of the entire student government to impress upon the University administration that students must be given the opportunity to control their own lives if hall life is to fully develop. The basic issues con- cerned the right of hall governments to make and enforce their own rules with regard to the activities of students within the halls. The revitalized Hall Presidents ' Council finally established workable gov- ernments in all halls. The Council also directed the structuring of judicial boards in every hall in order to fortify the arguments for student control of dis- cipline on the hall level. While the boards have proven to be relatively effective, the lines of autho- rity with regard to rectors and the Dean of Students remain vague. One crucial dilemma has been the total inequity of relative rules and enforcement in the different halls. With varying degrees of autonomy being gran- ted to each hall government, discipline and authority continue to be exercised somewhat arbitrarily, par- ticularly on drinking and parietal hours, depending upon the actions of the rector and Dean of Students. 216 The re?:- MS t of bill brts p con- and gov- lents nu- llity The future ideal of stay hall as residence colleges would seem to demand not only student self-govern- ment, but redefinition of the role of the rector. The view of the priest-rector as disciplinary pastor of naive young men is no longer relevant to Notre Dame. Many rectors have become almost totally divorced from life within their halls a situation leading to student queries over the possibility of lay rectors, perhaps even students. At a time when many Notre Dame men have begun to either lose or ques- tion their faith, witnessed by the sharp drop in re- ligious activities and concern, the role of a resident priest must include both sharp, relevant scholarship and equalitarian friendship and guidance. The ques- tion is whether the University can supply enough men of this caliber men who can make Catholicism once again meaningful to Notre Dame men who are better educated and less inclined to follow tradition- al myths seemingly unrelated to the world of social upheaval they live in. Proponents of stay hall argue that the key to suc- cessful hall communities demands activity on the level of sections within the hall. The section has become the initial level of government and identity of most halls. It provides a workable unit for social, academic and athletic activities. One of the central problems has been the quality of leadership on both the section and hall levels. It is acknowledged that successful hall development can almost always be attributed to exceptional hall and section leadership. The whole drive for student self-government in the halls reflects the concern of campus leaders to make 217 218 The lack of facilities has led students to focus self- government demands around the issue of parietal hours. the residence hall the center of all campus life by providing opportunities for significant involvement and unlimited action to students working in their living communities. But hall life cannot be fully developed at Notre Dame until the physical plants of the halls are im- proved not only to eliminate overcrowding, but to provide the facilities requisite to real community life. At the present time, overcrowding on the campus averages fifty percent over original occupancy. In ad- dition to drab and unattractive interiors, social and athletic facilities are negligible. Hall governments have found themselves in the position of having to tax residents in order to construct lounges, if they have the space. The lack of facilities for entertaining women has led the student body and its leaders to focus self-government demands around the issue of parietal hours. Food and vending services in the halls are minimal. Storage and cooking facilities are non-existent. And the University contends that it does not have the money to undertake the vast ren- novation that is becoming increasingly necessary. The situation will become more acute with the construction of the two high-rise dorms next year. The New Dorms Study Committee reports that the 1040 students to be housed within the new structures will be divided into large fourteen room sections, each holding twenty-five men. There will be lounges, numerous suites, and possibly cooking facilities on every floor. In addition, carpeting, appearance, and space will only accent the poor living conditions in older dorms. The committee has suggested that the 219 Above, squash courts in the Rock will be supplemented with those in the Convocation Center. Opposite, above, Bro. John Smith compares I.D. card with its owner be- fore cashing a personal ceck in the treasurer ' s office. Opposite, right, despite competition from the halfway house, the Huddle still attracts the majority of students for snacks and meals. Opposite, below, sheer ingenuity has managed to fill up every available space in this forced double in Sorin. 220 Notre Dame is a self-contained city but still needs better facilities for life on campus. 221 Opposite, above, the entrance to the Walsh Hall Chapel. Below, the Farley Hall study lounge. Like residents of many other halls, Farley had to pay for lighting and furniture for its study hall out of funds from the hall treasury. 222 The University curriculum should, to some extent, revolve around the halls. University immediately make lounges on all floors in the older halls, carpet the hallways, improve decora- tion, and convert the generally unused hall chapels into libraries and reading rooms. The main problem continues to be financial, although the total com- mitment of the University administration to im- proving student living conditions is of questionable priority. Both in the new and old dorms, student govern- ment officials have been striving to insure space for Hall Fellows. This concept relates directly to the idea of a residence college as inculcating closer student- faculty contact, along with increased academic em- phasis with the halls. Hall Fellows, a system em- ployed at many ivy schools, would include professors residing, or having their offices, in a particular hall. Not only would faculty members thus be readily accessible to students, and closely associated with individual halls, but University curriculum could, to some extent, begin to revolve around the halls. Al- ready this year, there have been an increasing num- ber of official seminars and classes held in residence halls, particularly in Farley. Notre Dame ' s mush- rooming Free University, run by students and facul- ty, could also be developed around the halls, as they approximate the ideal of residence colleges. But again, the main restraint upon development in this direction continues to be lack of facilities for both classes and Hall Fellows, and the creation of an atmosphere totally adverse to academic pursuits generated by excessive overcrowding in most halls. Finances and facilities have again put the students up against a dead end. The apparent efforts of the students to direct Notre Dame hall life toward the apex of residence colleges thus seems to be in fundamental conflict with the immense size of the twin-tower dorms to be constructed by the library. Regardless of facili- ties, the number of students within a single structure would appear to be too large to perfect the close unity necessary to the community of scholars in a residence college. The concept of the residence col- lege can be the one way in which Notre Dame could combine the advantages of the multiversity without succumbing to its impersonalization and isolation. More deeply, the question involves the stature of Notre Dame ' s commitment to be a residence univer- sity. Because of impossible living conditions and T 223 224 As the student ' s living community extends outward, the need for a workable hall unit increases. Opposite, far left, changing 4,700 beds every week is no laughing matter. Opposite, above, cy- cles seem to solve the student transportation problem by uncrowding the campus parking lots. Opposite, below, Mr. and Mrs. Ed Ward at home at their University Village apartment. The com- plex nouses about 70 married students and their families. Above, left, as Centrex expands to all students, perhaps fewer will have to depend on telephone booths. 225 PttTStUBSH V HO ' -DUKE -KM SWTC A A ove, five students watching television in a Farley Hall triple. The first stay hall, it has had the same group of stu- dents living there for three years. Many of this year ' s juniors, however, who were freshmen when Farley became a stay hall, moved out this year. The overcrowded rooms are kept livable only by efficient maid service and sheer ingenuity. Opposite, top, Pangborn Hall, built in 1956, has about the best-equipped rooms on campus, with built-in shelves and closets. It houses 220 students, all in doubles. Opposite, center, the Stanford Hall " lounge " at the combined entrance to Keenan and Stan- ford Halls. Both halls were built in 1957 and had all freshmen until last year, when a few upperclassmen moved in. No new dormitories have been built at Notre Dame since Keenan and Stanford nearly 12 years. Opposite, bottom, the study hall at Keenan Hall. Very few of the older halls have study halls, and all have inadequate lounges and entertaining facilities. 226 The average student in the average hall lives a frustrating and unfulfilled life. the lack of student self-government, and attracted by relaxation of off-campus rule, more and more of Notre Dame ' s better students continue to choose to live outside the University community. And the construction of the new dorms will not even physi- cally begin to alleviate the problem of placing all undergraduates in acceptable living conditions. Elev- en halls alone average one hundred students over original capacity, not to suggest space needed for social, academic, library, and office facilities. It will be increasingly difficult for Notre Dame to imple- ment the concept of a residence university until it solves the problems of facilities and self-government that underlie such success. Hall life at Notre Dame has a long way to travel before it can approximate the ideals of a Christian community in a multiversity residence college sys- tem. Hampered by the lack of female influence and essential living facilities; crowded into small un- attractive rooms; acting within a vague, arbitrary, and fluctuating structure of discipline and responsi- bility; drained by the flow of the best scholars and leaders to a few liberal, status halls and off -campus, the average student in the average hall at Notre Dame lives a frustrating and unfulfilled life. The tragedy remains that while everyone recognizes the problems they continue to go unsolved. If the situa- tion persists, stay halls will only become seeming prisons for students with numerous plans to focus the University around the lives and education of its students, but impotent to affect their ideals upon the direction of University life. The problems of hall life which Notre Dame must confront in the next few years, and the long-range effect the response will have upon its maturation demands a re-examination of what kind of University we wish to build, and consequently the nature of our priorities. 227 Moreau, the Holy Cross Congregation seminary at Notre Dame, lies in an aloof position on the north- ern shore of St. Joseph lake, its location seemingly isolated from the university. Father Louis Putz, di- rector of the ten-year old seminary, leads the effort to make the seminary a part of the university student life. This wish to become an integrated unit of the university does not force the seminary to underplay its primary function: to develop candi- dates for the Holy Cross priesthood, or, as Father Putz has stated, " We seek the formation of a per- son ... a priest who freely wills to commit him- MOREAU: Seminarians find a place in the Notre Dame community. self to the work and life of the Church, whatever his task will be . . . " The seminary no longer re- quires the philosophy major, and seminarians are free to work on student organizations. Moreau ' s self-sufficiency has, in the past, been a source of separation from university life. Moreau could easily operate as an autonomous, self-suffi- cient community, with its own library, gym, dining hall, chapel, classrooms, and auditorium. It was built for approximately 230 residents, but currently holds only 49 seminarians and a total of 80 resi- dents. This apparent lack of vocations is further witnessed by the fact that of the 49 seminarians, only three are freshmen. However, even with this lack in numbers, Moreau is filled with a tremendous community spirit. This spirit is developed and solidified by the seminarians ' realization of their common goal: the priesthood. For the past two years, the community has operated under the team system, in which the seminarians are separated into groups of eight, with each group delegated certain responsibilities and duties treat- ing matters of spiritual growth and personal devel- opment. Thus, seminarian ' s ideas receive evaluation and implementation from the " team meetings. " The closed atmosphere of most seminaries is due partially to their physical isolation from " secular sources. " Also, to integrate into the mainstream of academic life at Notre Dame, the seminarian re- ceives a diversity of ideas and situations. Thus, his handling of life situations will not only be colored by his life at the seminary, but enhanced through his contact at Notre Dame. Moreau is emerging from its isolation: it is be- coming an important part of life at Notre Dame. Its Sunday folk Mass is quite popular, drawing over- flow crowds. This year Moreau has also elected its first hall senator which now gives it as much influ- ence in Notre Dame student affairs as any hall. Perhaps this is the beginning of Moreau ' s deeper involvement in Notre Dame ' s student life. 228 Opposite, below, the sight of a solitary person in the corridors is not unusual because of the small community. Top, seminarians Charles Corso and Lawrence Hawkins provide the accompaniment at Sunday mass. Below, the popularity of Moreau ' s Sunday guitar mass is shown by the number of St. Mary ' s and Notre Dame students who attend. 229 RELIGION: Students catching up to a church oriented to modern man. In the Year of Faith that followed the Year of Jubilee, students found that it was easier to say " liturgy " than mass, and that it meant more when they did. Many found that the experience of a com- munity can be both psychologically and spiritually strengthening, and that Christianity is fresh and developing. The attitude of many students became one of " catching up " , when they discovered that a Church that had adapted itself to speak directly to modern men needed some modern men to speak to directly, and that it was now time for some modern men to develop. In the change from " mass " to " liturgy " , a com- munity was formed, and if any one word could sum up the context and content of religious expression this year, it would have to be community. A number of halls, and particularly the stay halls, built on the reputations that their community masses of previous years had established, and made room for greater numbers of students and louder singing voices. The Farley mass on Friday at 5:10, oldest of the com- munity masses, continued to attract faculty, Notre Dame and St. Mary ' s students, graduates, and even prefects. The mass includes elements that have be- come almost traditional in the space of only three years : gathering around the altar-table, spirited psalms that sing of God ' s glory : " Let all men rejoice in Him " , the handshake of peace, dialogue homilies, spontaneous prayers of petition at the offertory for everyone from the Pope to the guy around the corner who ' s having trouble with physics, and afterwards the people, with the " Lord with them " , gathering downstairs in the Farley lounge for coffee and cookies. Frs. Burrell, Bartell, and Gerber concelebrate every weekday at 5:10 at Morrissey, and among themselves accomplish the laudable feat of balancing philosophical, literary, humanitarian, and generally theological aspects of Christianity, providing both intellectual depth and spiritual awareness. New banners have been added this year, and their bright colors, along with some unaccountably psy- Top, Sunday mass at Sacred Heart church. Above, the 5:00 pm. mass at Morrissey Hall chapel. In the foreground is Michael Yett- man, instructor in English at St. Mary ' s, and his son Mark. Opposite, above, the folk mass at Sacred Heart. Opposite, below, Rev. Henri Nouwen, visiting professor of psychology from Amsterdam, at the Morrissey mass. Notre Dame was recently given permission from Rome to experiment with new liturgy without needing specific per- mission from the local bishop. 230 chedelic chapel-doors, are in striking contrast with the moment during the celebration when the people hold the host in their hands and the priest says: " The Body of Christ. " The 11:30 weekday folk-styled liturgy at Dillon continued to be impressively popular among the undergraduates, with the emphasis on personal self- realization as a way to fuller life with God. The Mon- day Keenan-Stanford community mass switched to Breen-Phillips this year, with Fr. Pomerleau ' s in- formal and fast-paced homilies always adding a note of lightheartedness in involvement. The establish- ment of 11 :45 Saturday night liturgies in Holy Cross, Sorin, and Breen-Phillips satisfied not only the need to rejoice but also the need for a convenient early Sunday mass. Speaking between wash-tub accom- paniments, Fr. Hoffman, rector of Holy Cross, could be alternately a gadfly or balm, and his concern for student religious maturity was probably deeper than that of most of the students concerned. One community that grew up suddenly at Notre Dame last spring has been extensively apostolic out- side the University. Members of the Catholic Pente- costal community here have travelled from Portland to Rochester and back, telling parishes, monasteries, convents, and ecumenical groups of their new aware- ness of the presence and love of God that they are experiencing through the power of the Holy Spirit. The community meets weekly for prayer in the Ad- ministration Building and at professors ' houses, and are convinced that the sacraments of Baptism and Confirmation should present one with physical as well as spiritual gifts, including a new desire to talk about Christ to others. But whether through section masses, weekends of Christian work in Chicago slums, the Christian social needs emphasized in the Reformer, the Year of Faith masses provided by Fr. Fey as University Chaplain and celebrated in a refurbished Sacred Heart, communion under both species in a hall chap- el, and a self-styled course in mysticism at the Free University, many students were aroused to a specifi- cally religious awakening. Those who took the time to seek, though by far still in the minority, dis- covered that the role of the people of God is not to search out a slot in the Church of their fathers, but to form themselves as persons, and thus to become that people. IV a Fran fcr -fyjf coaf you ,90 K li o rr.iLes iwfii i Kirr. . Give - arw- 231 SOUTH BEND: A town of one hundred thousand people living apart from the university and enjoying their homes. Opposite, right, Louie, owner and chef of Lou ie ' s Restaurant in South Bend, can never resist having his picture taken. Louie ' s, which serves about the best pizza in town, encourages students to sit and talk and not worry about being rushed out as soon as they are fin- ished eating. The small basement room below the main restaurant has been used this year for a variety of gatherings ranging from Wranglers meetings to The Observer ' s first birthday party. It is difficult for a town in the Indiana flatlands to compete with a nearby university as a cultural cen- ter. This is South Bend ' s stigma. Accused of being culturally depressed, offering little entertainment or variety of activities, the student develops an apathy which increases from freshman to senior year. South Bend seems to exist for Notre Dame during the football season, but the exodus of visitors after the last home game shows that there is a town of one hundred thousand people living apart from the university and enjoying their homes. This lack of attention that the town affords hits at the ego of the Notre Dame student whose general attitude to- ward the town is : entertain me. He comes to Notre Dame and expects South Bend to be a " college town " existing for his pleasure. Comparison with Chicago or New York hurts South Bend even more, but there are some things that are unique about the town. Whoever has been in Sweeneys on St. Patrick ' s Day or at the dunes in the spring can ' t say they didn ' t enjoy themselves. But being tied to the leash of the bus, the N.D. student is unable to go very far into the community looking for entertainment. So South Bend and Notre Dame exist as two popu- lous islands each with its own set of natives know- ing their own island and not the other ' s. This in- sular position has extended into the cultural coop- eration between the two. While Notre Dame has at- tempted to work with South Bend through various commissions for cultural events and s ervice projects, the success has been minimal. Programs lack student participation and town coordination. The only no- table exceptions have been the tutoring and mental health programs. South Bend is not content to remain inactive. A few years ago when Studebaker Corporation left, many felt the town would collapse. Yet with govern- ment aid and new industry, the town finds itself in a better economic position than before. Credit for this transformation goes to the people of South Bend who stayed with the town. Their faith in the town is just beginning to be rewarded. The urban renewal program passed last autumn provides for a new art center among other things. Already programs like the Mishawawka Art Show, which had the director of the Museum of Contemporary Art in Chicago participating, the lecture and film series at the South Bend Public Library for students and townspeople, and last year ' s Notre Dame-South Bend Festival of Contemporary Arts point out the signs of change. The availability of talent from the Notre Dame and St. Mary ' s faculties benefits the town both cul- turally and academically. A few professors have tele- vision shows. The sociology departments of Notre Dame and St. Mary ' s offer a ready source of ideas and manpower for social work in South Bend. In the end, whether South Bend will remove its title of be- ing culturally depressed will depend on the coopera- tion between the town and the university. The po- tential for cooperation between the two exists; whether or not it will be tapped is the question. 232 233 Above, the impenetrable lines to Saint Mary ' s finally broke in Jan- uary when private phones were installed in each room. Opposite, above, impromptu entertainment and Quo Vadis food drew many to the Open House in Holy Cross Hall. Below, the non-dorm atmosphere of Holy Cross provided a casual atmosphere for studying and cam- pus dates. The Halfway House also has lounges for seminars and informal classes. The 1967-1968 school year saw perhaps the most extensive portents of change in the conspicuously masculine social history of Notre Dame. At times new developments were obvious or superficial. These were the changes in the physical backdrop of social life: the addition of the thriving Halfway House, Chuck Perrin ' s bustling coffee house, and the trou- bled Delphic Oracle, the mitosis of the " senior bar " into the Flamingo and Club ' 68 in the basement of Nicola ' s, the unseating of the Laurel Club as top party spot by the Carriage House and the Top Deck, and the almost mysterious disappearance of Guisseppe ' s. Beneath these surface manifestations, however, was the continued swelling of an under- current that seems to have begun only in the last several years. The Halfway House was perhaps the only tangible outgrowth of the undercurrent this year; but the spreading clamor for parietal hours and, yes, even for co-education at Notre Dame in- dicated that the most essential changes are yet to SOCIAL LIFE: The Open House, a rejuve- nated Senior Bar, and the Delphic Oracle the beginning or only the limit of changes in social life at Notre Dame? come. It seems that, as the university strives to permanently define and establish itself within the upper echelon of American academic life, " social life " here is undergoing a concurrent identity crisis of its own. Conceived and effected by Father James Burt- chaell, the " Halfway House, " officially the " Open House, " represents the first concrete attempt to es- tablish a common social ground between Notre Dame and Saint Mary ' s. In place of the virtually stagnant LaFortune Student Center and the un- equipped, often deserted Saint Mary ' s social center, the Halfway House offers extensive amusement fa- cilities, hopefully for mixed use. Quo Vadis Italian cuisine and frequent entertainment, either by im- ported acts of all sorts or by Lou MacKenzie and his troup of Halfway House regulars, characterize the comfortably large, if sparsely decorated, piz- zeria. The restaurant itself, as well as abundant lounge and recreation areas, provides places where students can theoretically, " get acquainted " with St. Mary ' s girls or, more likely, assemble for post- movie, post-concert, post-party, or post-study ac- tivities. Hall and class parties, stag and mixed, co-ex discussions and classes, and various campus orga- nizations make worthwhile use of the new center in Holy Cross Hall (not really quite " halfway " to St. 234 Mary ' s). After one year of existence, it remains dubious whether Father Burtchaell ' s ideal of a sim- ulation of co-ex life will ever be viably experienced within present social limitations here. The frequent patron of the Halfway House beholds the established couples maintaining the established date patterns or, more often, stag groupings consistently betraying the traditional seven to one proportion, a problem with which physical facilities, regardless of their extent or attractiveness, will never adequately cope. 1967 was an election year of some kind in our host city; though most Notre Dame students were ignorant of the candidates and issues in South Bend, they were acutely aware of the campaigns. Incum- bent politicians saw the logical necessity to assert their presence prior to the November 7 balloting. Familiar centers of student fraternalism, like Simeri ' s, Billy ' s and Guiseppe ' s were void of Notre Dame patronage (that is, almost all patronage) for most of the football season. Inexplicably, the crack- down on Guiseppe ' s continued even after the election almost as if it were related to something other than politics. A new aura of creativity (if only in advertising) gleamed in the increase of " theme " parties, togas . . . Valentine ' s Day Massacre . . . hippies . . . oldies but goodies, that supplanted old Farley hall parties, Junior class parties, etc. Nicola ' s upstairs showed an unprecedented pros- perity, even on weeknights. Downstairs it was the same as the Flamingo the unique four-day week- end: Friday, Saturday, Sunday, and Wednesday, night of nights in the senior bar. December saw the debut of Eddie Kurtz ' s spectac- ular, though ill-starred, Delphic Oracle. Sporting a light show that the West Coast visitors claimed rivaled those of even the Filmore Auditorium and the Avalon Ballroom, do-it-yourself fluorescent body paint, and the most contemporary of local bands- Captain Electric and the Flying Lapels the Oracle opened a whole new cultural and social, albeit com- mercial, vista for the university and the " commu- nity. " But even such an innocuous front could only momentarily mislead the watchful, committed offi- cials of South Bend. Clever investigation showed the psychedelic club to be an infamous den of debauchery, corruption, and rampant drug traffic. Outraged neighbors, helpless to protect themselves, cried that marijuana was being distributed at the door, but, due to the unscrupulous conniving of Poison Fish Enterprises, the South Bend police had difficulty getting a case on the Oracle. They re- sorted to the brilliant Eliot Ness-Al Capone income tax evasion technique. Unable to nab Kurtz and his henchmen for their heinous " drug violations, " they pinned them with meticulously constructed charges of sanitation and parking provision violations. By the second semester the wall of psychedelic posters was replaced by a lone " For Sale " sign. 235 The usual pattern of campus social life is hard to avoid but possible. l LA FORT STUDENT c 236 Opposite, above, Shaggs leader Chuck Perrin branched out on his own, opening a long- anticipated coffee house in South Bend. Above, John Davidson, singing to Judy Collins in his television broadcast from Stepan Center, spent two weeks on the campus during October. Above, right, Saint Mary ' s girls helped with the perennial blackjack and gambling tourney of the Mardi-Gras Carnival in February. 237 238 In the area of University-backed social events, the repositioning of the social commission as a sub- division of the newly created Student Union had little observable effect on its operation. The tradi- tional big weekends were carried off with the cus- tomary efficiency. The " customary efficiency " is per- haps the social commission ' s greatest fault. It does seem that the social commission often loses contact with the real trends of student life. There is an unreal " win an all expense paid trip " air in the gaudiness and commercialism with which Mardi Gras and Homecoming are publicized. And there is a somewhat disconcerting impersonality in the man- ner in which they are conducted. Nevertheless, Homecoming, despite the outcome of the game, was memorable for many. Even the kickoff party, a relatively new institution, was a lit- erally smashing success the state police waded through peanuts, brew, and upset tables to close the myriad taps at 10 :00. Hundreds of couples, im- partially selected by Univac 1107, enjoyed Home- comings I and II, and Johnny Rivers, backed by the Fifth Dimension, managed to inject some life into an audience dejected by the Fall of Troy. The Mardi Gras kickoff was less of a rouser than its fall counterpart and previewed a less successful weekend. The " Walk on the Wild Side " theme might have been better directed towards the New Orleans setting of the movie than to the " south of the border " setting of the Grand Festivity. And when one is continually promised " one of the biggest names in the entertainment world " for " the college weekend of the country, " he expects more than Marvin Gaye and the Stone Poneys. A certain deficiency, in fact, was evident in social commission concerts throughout the year. Blue-eyed soul was more than sufficiently represented by stand- uts such as Dionne Warwick, the Four Tops, the ' ifth Dimension, Marvin Gaye, and second semester rumors of the Rascals or the Temptations. The pop- folk lovers were graced with a less-than-ethnic New Christy Minstrels and, of course, Peter, Paul, and Mary. Neil Diamond ' s electricity was cut off in the middle of his act by the employees of Stepan Center. The social commission somehow avoided a whole range of acts in the dominant field of contemporary popular music, however, from commercially success- ful groups like the Jefferson Airplane, the Hendrix Experience, and Vanilla Fudge to purists like But- terfield, Mayall, and the Blues Project, all of whom were on tour this year. " Psychedelic " seems to be a term that has not penetrated the consciousness of the social commission. For those who experienced it, perhaps the Four Tops concert, during Michigan State weekend, al- most made up for it all. Two thousand people leap- ing out of their $3.50 and $4.50 seats and funkying to " Reach Out, I ' ll be There " can make many people forget that Gracie Slick even exists. The 1967-1968 season was truly soulful, if nothing else. The social commissio n ' s customary efficiency may be its greatest fault. Opposite, top, pre-empting their afternoon spirit, the Friday night pep-rally mob answers the bugle ' s call for Green Power. Opposite, bottom, the Four Tops concert drew a chair-dancing audience re- sponse in the fall. A most enthusiastic performance, the Four Tops highlighted this year ' s concerts at Notre Dame. Above, Dionne Warwick, in a moment of soul concentration, was the only female vocalist in concert this year, giving three or four encores to a post-game Stepan audience. 239 I 24O " Fun is where you make it " has been the tradi- tional motto of the Notre Dame social man. " Notre Dame social man " is, however, a vague entity, as vague as his somewhat rationalized motto. Natur- ally, it is to be valued that there is no single stereo- type of social conduct here; but whether the whole range of characters and of social activity is ade- quately, realistically represented is another issue. To be sure, there has never been a problematic dearth of parties, either in variety or quantities. The widely advertised type comprise only a min- imal portion of the domain. For in addition to the standard parties at the usual public spots, there is a whole range of off-campus parties, from the legendary rugby capers to the limited gatherings in off-campus residences. The consistency of the ac- tivities, bands, beverages, and even the patronage of most of the hall-class-club parties sometimes in- vites an if-you ' ve-seen-one-you ' ve-seen-them-all der- rogation. Innovations like the Alumni Hall steak dinner party in December were welcome, though rare, exceptions. " Off-campus party " connotes a gratifyingly less concrete picture. Gone are the Cam- bridge Five and the Shaggs; the recorded music ranges from Ravi Shankar to the Monkees ; the room may be filled with alcoholic vapors or perhaps only smoke, with native dances or silent conversation, with lights or darks, lows or highs. Somehow it seems closer to home, nearer to " real life " than the Top Deck or even the Halfway House. Sometimes the occupants of this " residence university " must look off-campus for significant social development. Sometimes the occupants of this " residence university " must look off -campus for significant social development. Opposite, above, senior Andy Wallace hosts a pre-Mardi Gras in his off-campus apartment. Opposite, below, various halls and clubs decorated Mardi Gras booths corresponding to the " Majico theme. Above, although St. Patrick ' s Day came on Sunday, Sweeney s still served the traditional green beer on March 16 and 18. 241 242 Homecoming, despite the outcome of the game, was memorable for many. Far left, The original Senior Bar in the basement of the Flamingo was replaced in February by Nicola ' s basement renamed as Club ' 68. Left, Pangborn residents dramatize a Trojan chariot race in their Homecoming show. Above, middle, on Thursday night, Dillon ' s " Fall of Troy " Homecoming display was still a wooden skeleton. 243 244 The clamor for parietal hours and co-education indicates the most essential changes are yet to come. Attempts early in the year to capture the " off- campus " effect in dorm parties (attempts which were relatively successful in halls like Morrissey last year) met with revitalized disciplinary restrictions. Reactions were varied : some moved off -campus, others stretched the regulations; some reverted to the social stagnancy which, for them, preceded last year ' s progress. More essential problems than simply parties, con- certs, the social commission, or " Where to go? What to do? " came to the forefront of Notre Dame social life this year. In February the pioneer General As- sembly of Students met and passed two relevant resolutions, one calling for further investigation of t he problems and possibilities of co-education, the other demanding that students be granted some form of parietal hours. The apparent squelching of parietal hours earlier this year was reinforced in December and Janu- ary as Father Hesburgh made it clear that he would give no ground on the matter. The language was fairly strong, its support unanimous. Whether some form of parietal hours is necessary for the spiritual development of the students (as the bill holds) is somewhat dubious; that it is essential for their growth as normal social beings is almost be- yond question. As the second semester wore on, a confrontation seemed imminent. The bill calling for a probe of co-education was more vague. The effect of " co-ex " co-education on social life is uncertain, to say the least. Classroom situations are essentially formal, too formal to be considered truly social, boy-girl social. It seems obvious that one seldom establishes more than a superficial relationship with a girl on a classroom basis. Informal situations, such as eating meals to- gether or walking back to dorms together, are the kind that usually develop more personal relation- ships. This is the principle behind the Open House. Its success is limited, however, because, after a brief and illusory glimpse of co-ed life, if a boy has been fortunate enough to meet a girl he walks her a quarter of a mile back to her dorm and then trudges back to a cluster of all male dorms, eats his meals in an all-male dining hall. For co-ed life to become a reality here, association with St. Mary ' s and or Mundelein, Barat, St. Mary ' s of the Woods, Holy Cross Nursing School etc., etc. ad infinitum will ac- complish little if students are only to go to classes together. There must not only be co-ed classes, but co-ed dining halls, co-ed facilities, male and female dorms within readily accessible distances of each other. Education itself is not limited to the class- room ; co-education must not be limited to the class- room. If it is, academic, and not social relationships, will be the predominant result. Perhaps the greatest ill that can develop, and usually does, in chronically all-male situations is a warped attitude towards the opposite sex, a view that views girls solely as objects of dating. When there is a lack of females, a male will " waste " little time on a female that he doesn ' t regard as a pos- sible date. Quite simply, he never gets to know girls " as friends, " unless, of course, he has finished dating them. If girls were constantly and more abundantly present, casual and simply friendly re- lationships with girls would be more frequent. Such relationships are now a rarity at Notre Dame. The majority of students here fall into two categories: those who know hardly any girls and those who know only the girls that they and their buddies have dated (having often met them in initially con- trived situations). While parietal hours may be a worthwhile con- cern for the present, it will not, in the long run, cure the real social illness at Notre Dame. Geogra- phically we are isolated from many of the advan- tages of living in close contact with the urban World Village. McLuhan tells us that the mass media will solve that problem for us. But the social problems are more underlying, and consequently more diffi- cult to solve. Co-education and fraternities have customarily been taboos at Notre Dame. Fraternalism may in- deed fragment the unified spirit that characterizes Notre Dame even as it continues to grow. But true and complete co-ducation is perhaps the only an- swer to the social gripes that have become as tradi- tional as Rockne and the Dome. 215 SAINT MARY ' S: Seven seniors discuss their role as educated women. Reflecting back over four years of college, seven Saint Mary ' s seniors discussed their education and futures. As educated women they assume a chal- lenging role in society one for which they hope they have prepared in college. As seniors they can look back at four years of renovation and growth of their college. They are the last to have gone to Saint Mary ' s under its old strict rule and the first to ac- tively participate in the Notre Dame co-ex program. Mary Perrone, a political science major from Le- roy, New York, hopes to go to law school. She spent her sophomore year in Vienna. Roseann VanGel- deren, Northbrook, Illinois, is an English literature major and will probably go to graduate school. Theresa Menke, a biology major from Buffalo, New York, will do graduate work in biological research. Mary Behrens, an elementary and special education major from Montclair, New Jersey, will go to grad- uate school in special education and mental retarda- tion. Vera Dicello, Greenwich, Connecticut, is an English literature major with undecided plans. She spent her junior year abroad in Vienna. Mary Cam Motto, a French and Christianity and Culture major from Bettendorf, Iowa, plans to go to business school and become an executive secretary. Terry Leite Dwyer, married last summer is from Atlanta, Georgia and graduated in January. She is an art major and housewife. The discussion began as the girls commented on the role the educated woman must assume in society. MARY PERRONE : The role of the educated woman today is to hold her own in the world, to be respon- sible for herself. She ' s capable of applying herself; she ' s learned something besides needlepoint. At Saint Mary ' s, I haven ' t met very many of these women. A lot of girls came here for social or family reasons. There are many girls who came here be- cause it was a Catholic girls school. MARY CAM: I disagree with the general premise that a lot of girls came here for social reasons. There are many girls who came here because they sought education offered by a Catholic womens ' college. VERA : You can ' t discount Notre Dame. MARY CAM : I think you can for some people. VERA: I don ' t. Just on an academic level, some parents pressured many girls into going to a Catho- lic womens ' college. There is a certain advantage, both academcially and socially, in being situated near a major university like Notre Dame. Their fa- cilities are more diversified and they can draw more lecture and activities. MARY PERRONE : I think you can have a high aca- demic level and still have girls who won ' t participate or apply themselves and take advantage of the aca- demic facilities of any school. MARY CAM: I don ' t think that academics alone can measure whether a woman is really educated. They blossom when they get out. Some aren ' t as well rounded as others. ROSIE: You play up the idea of the woman not being as smart as the man. Perhaps that ' s why we have the image of the socially-geared atmosphere. MARY BEHRENS: The idea of an educated woman is not so much in the preparation but in the desire to take part in society. ROSIE: I think the primary role of a woman is raising a family. By educating herself, she can do more for her family and society. VERA : I look upon women in society as a stabiliz- ing, unifying factor in whatever they do. We are there to open our minds, to come to grips with our- selves as persons and with the world around us. MARY BEHRENS : I think the qualities that a woman brings to a job are in most cases complementary. TERRY DWYER : If a woman wants a career outside the home, it should be subordinate to her family. A girl must be educated to be wife and mother ; she is the one who will orient a child ' s life. Dr. James Campbell, former philosophy teacher at Saint Mary ' s said : " Philosophy won ' t tell you how to change the baby ' s diapers, but it will give you something to think about while you are changing them. " Would you like to send your daughter to Saint Mary ' s? ROSIE: Definitely. If my daughter would gain from Saint Mary ' s what I have, it would be a worth- while experience. TERRY MENKE: I can ' t say. The way it is now, I would wait and see how the school develops, and let her decide. MARY PERRONE : No. VERA : Not the way it is now. MARY BEHRENS : It would depend on my daughter. I ' m glad I wasn ' t here for my freshman year. 246 VERA: Maybe because it ' s changing. I wouldn ' t want my daughter to spend four years here. I don ' t think she would be exposed to the things she should be exposed to. Maybe I ' m biased because I studied in Europe. TERRY MENKE: When I think of Saint Mary ' s, I think of frustration, a lot of which comes from stu- dent government. As far as my education, I could not ask for a better training in any university. It ' s unfair to judge the school on complaints. As the girls discussed the changes at Saint Mary ' s, the question of the future of a Catholic women ' s college arose, and the subsequent typical " image " associated with Saint Mary ' s. MARY CAM: Saint Mary ' s is keeping up with other women ' s colleges. It must do this to remain competitive for good students. ROSIE: Saint Mary ' s has improved on its own campus by improving course requirements and di- versifying the courses offered. MARY CAM: Saint Mary ' s changes merely reflect the reality of the changing society that we are in. The school can ' t continue inhibiting the people who are coming here. ROSIE: If you consider the changes at Saint Mary ' s in relation to Notre Dame, it ' s an impetus from each school to the other. Both have made re- markable changes. I think you can see this more clearly and from a more objective viewpoint when you are out. When you are living here, you can ' t. You only consider those changes which affect you personally and these never seem enough. TERRY DWYER: Since I got married, I see dorm life as a sort of purgatory, waiting for a better type of life. I don ' t regret the experience, but in the dorm, girls have relatively little to do or little to think about besides their studies. They become overly aware of the insignificant things pertaining to that life. Opposite, Mary Behrens. Above, left. Terry Dwyer. Above, right, Mary Perrone. Bottom, right, Roseann VanGelderen. 247 " I want to get out and be 22 and anonymous. " " I think the primary role of a woman is raising a family. " Above, Vera Dicello. Opposite top, Theresa Menke. Opposite bottom, Mary Cam Motto. VERA : But going back to the idea of Saint Mary ' s, there ' s no place anymore for Catholic, middle class girls to come to l ive in a sheltered existence. You can ' t be sheltered anymore, at least if you want to be fully educated. ROSIE : Yet we are a very homogenous group. TERRY MENKE : You can put a middle class, Cath- olic tag on us. But there are individuals beneath it. When you type a girl, you ' re basing it on ex- ternals. ROSIE : There is a definite ' type ' here. You ' re not aware of it until you go to another school and see people there. TERRY MENKE: I revolt at putting a label on in- dividuals. You can ' t classify a personality. I get sort of tired being the Saint Mary ' s image and the whole bit. You can become an individual here if you really want to. MARY BEHRENS : The college tends to accept a cer- tain kind of girl because a certain one can afford to come here or knows about the college in the first place. There is more variety with the boys at Notre Dame than there was before. If there is a " type " here, it ' s a styled type. MARY PERRONE: There is a definite type at Saint Mary ' s. Being a type is bad at any time, especially if you develop a stereotyped mind. The external image is irrelevant to the fear and hesitancy that seem to typify the girl. She should be open to more people and ideas. I hope I ' m not part of a type. MARY CAM: I disagree. I ' m very tired hearing of the Saint Mary ' s type. There are externals that typify us. But it ' s because we ' re at a small college. This may stratify our thinking for awhile, but I think the girls can rise above it. VERA: Coming back from Europe, I saw Saint Mary ' s objectively. I really feel there is a type here. MARY BEHRENS : I came from a commuter college in a city and found the same thing. I expect a person to respect me enough to find out what I ' m like before I ' m typed. TERRY MENKE: Almost anyone, when you say you ' re the typical Saint Mary ' s girl is going to ob- ject. When you say you are a type, you are accepting that mentality. VERA: Yet I realize that I ' m probably considered part of that type too ROSIE : The type is more external appearance than attitude. MARY BEHRENS : I think it ' s attitude too. ROSIE: It ' s based on a superficial knowledge; but if there is a general type here, I ' m proud to be part of it. VERA : If the girls are able to overcome their basic hesitancy when they graduate, I think they can do really great things. you had another chance, would you have come to Saint Mary ' s? MARY BEHRENS: I came here sight unseen as a transfer student in sophomore year, and I can ' t blame that on the school. 248 MARY PERRONE : I have developed in whatever way I have in spite of the place and the system. It ' s been a matter of improving it to allow myself and other girls to become more mature women, ready to as- sume responsibility no matter where it comes. MARY BEHRENS : I ' m glad to be in a more or less Christian environment in a period of change in my church, and to be able to see it in that light. Being the first class to actively particiate in the co-ex classes, the girls gave their impressions of the present class arrangement programs: MARY PERRONE: The minute they started the co-ex program, it saved Saint Mary ' s. TERRY DWYER: With the separation of the two sexes on the academic level, the only contact is on the social level of dating, which gives an inadequate picture and understanding of each other. MARY PERRONE : If you have the idea of a women ' s college or men ' s college, it ' s passe. It is definitely inhibiting to a full education. You must have a man ' s point of view on matters. If you mature di- vorced from the other sex, I don ' t think you will be prepared to be an educated woman or anything else. TERRY DWYER: I have had two co-ex classes at Notre Dame, and in both, I ' m sorry to say, a relaxed, integrated atmosphere was lacking. The attitude seemed to be " you ignore us, and we ' ll ignore you. " I hope this attitude disappears as the co-ex program expands. MARY PERRONE: I think Notre Dame sees us as competing. MARY BEHRENS : I don ' t think you compete with men. I think you compete with yourself. VERA : In some classes men and women do compete. MARY PERRONE: Not only in classes but other things. VERA: There ' s no necessity for a woman to let a man know she ' s competing. Competition is a state of mind. MARY PERRONE : A man puts the term competing on a woman. ROSIE : If you want to compete with a man on one level, you have to be ready to compete with him on all. MARY BEHRENS: I think if you compete with a man, you ' re crazy. You lose your womanhood and an awful lot more. Graduation means decisions. How do you feel about leaving? MARY CAM: I think most seniors are glad to be graduating and beginning their own lives now. TERRY DWYER : As a " housewife " taking 18 hours, I feel that I have learned more than when I was living on campus last year. My studies became more of a learning challenge and less of a grade challenge. MARY BEHRENS: There ' s a certain nostalgia in leaving . . . the last football game . . . the Senior Prom . . . the dunes. But I want to get out and be 22 and anonymous, and not be labeled from this college or that town. 249 " Vhat will we receive in return for our identity? " Above, the bus driver has been busier since the Co-ex program has started. The girls have made greater use of the exchange than the boys. It ' s 2:00 A.M. and the last of us that long ago freshman class with the 11:00 curfew and 12:00 bedtime are rushing in. We were the girls who lived in fear of Sister Immaculata, math exams, Notre Dame men, that our rain coats wouldn ' t cover our cut-offs, that our night gowns would slip out during our eight o ' clock classes, being caught at Sweeney ' s, and of being generally " unladylike. " We are the same young ladies at the same old school, yet something is remarkably different. When did the change take place? The change is evident. A Saint Mary ' s girl is get- ting harder to pick out in a crowd. She can be seen at the Senior Bar at 1 :00 A.M. or at the Delphic Oracle in a pair of jeans and a polka dot shirt. She sports an occasional mini-skirt in her Notre Dame classes and slacks in South Bend. And if she can ' t hide her Ivory Soap and vitamins look, even if her slacks are better pressed than most, she still carries with her a new mentality: involvement, awareness, and the constant question, " What next, SMC, what next? " From the extended ribbon of balloon lamps which lead to the new classroom building, to Reidegger House, home of our new president, Father McGrath, we see change. Traditions will never be the same though Madonna Night and the Christmas ritual will persist. Classes won ' t be the same ; pigtails will go out and make-up will come in. Some girls feel that friendships will undergo a subtle yet definite change while others wonder what will become of the faculty. Saint Mary ' s, too often the step-sister school instead of the sister school, is wondering " And what will we receive in return for our identity, whatever that may be? The use of the golf course? A new and more exciting classroom atmosphere? The male point of view? Increased academic facilities and a wider range of courses? A Senior Bar Card? The right to keep our football tickets? Some things at Saint Mary ' s will never change. We will always re- spect the Holy Cross Sisters, love Sister Madeleva ' s poetry garden, honor Founder ' s Day, fear math exams and maybe Notre Dame men, and we will always hope to remain ladylike, though in perhaps different ways. But now we are " friends of the mi- grants, " " Neighborhood study helpers, " and perhaps coeds. And we ask ourselves constantly one ques- tion: are we losing our womanliness in hopes of woman-hood? " What next. SMC? " 25O 251 Top, Fr. James Kavanaugh at the lecture when he renounced his priesthood. Above, Julian Bond talks on black politics. Opposite, left, Senator Mark Hatfield tells the audience about the Republican responsibility. Opposite, above, Fr. Martin D ' Arcy, S.J., speaking in the library Auditorium. Opposite, below, General Harold K. Johnson explaining the U.S. position in Viet Nam. LECTURES: The Indiana Primary, Viet Nam, Suicide, and Black Nationalism highlight a superb year. With talks ranging from " Solid State Science: Purposes and Prospects " to " The Catholic Univer- sity : A Contradiction in Terms " , this year ' s lectures exhibited a variety and frankness seldom seen at Notre Dame. Leading the way was the Student Union Academic Commission under Chuck Nau. The Commision sponsored more than 30 lectures on themes from the causes of suicide to the war in Viet Nam. Using Lownds County, Alabama, as an example, Julian Bond discussed the ins and outs of the " Future of Black Politics. " " Black politics " , he said, " is like all politics a science of deciding who gets what and how much. Since Negroes have little they therefore seek ways to get more. " For the people of Lownds County black power meant the forming of the Black Panther Party. Mr. Bond thought the civil rights struggle had passed its first phase of moral indictment to the phase of political power. Finally in summarizing the struggle of civil rights " . . . it isn ' t important that Negroes can eat in a Jackson, Alabama, Woolworths, but it is more important to be able to pay for the meal. " In the same vein R. Sargent Shriver addressing the Stu- dent Assembly told the students that they must create a " new society. " With his body guards and contempt for " Whitey " , Ron Karenga, black Nationalist, debated Prof. James Silver on Black Power. Refusing to listen to what Prof. Silver argued for, Ron Karenger called for the use of violence to achieve not equality with the white man but a reversal of situation with the black man holding the stick. Controversial is not a good word to use to describe past lecture series. This year the idea has been to accept the controversial as issues of the day and to expose the student to these important issues. Lec- tures by Fr. Kavanaugh, who chose to renounce his priesthood, Webster College president Jacqueline Grennan, questioning the purposes of Catholic edu- cation, Robert Welch, head of the John Birch So- ciety, and Herbert Aptheker, U.S. Marxist, are typical of this new policy. One of the most controversial subjects is the war in Viet Nam a subject pursued in depth by many speakers. In a packed Library auditorium lecture Senator Mark Hatfield told his audence that it is the Republican Party ' s responsibility to offer an alternative to the problem that confronts us in Viet Nam. In discussing the Johnson administration ' s credibility gap, Hatfield said that as late as March 1964, Johnson said there was no plan for intro- ducing combat troops into Viet Nam. In an equally 252 253 Above, The National Literary Festiva l premiered Norman Mailer ' s Beyond the Law. Below, Webster College president Jacqueline Grennan spoke on Catho- lic education. Right, novelist writer Kurt Vonne- gut was one of the authors at the Festival, sponsored by the sophomore class. Opposite, above, R. Sargent Shriver, the opening speaker for the General Assembly of Students. Opposite, below, after his lecture, Dr. William O. Baker held an informal discussion with students. 254 The National Literary Festival: seven of America ' s top authors. critical vein Senator Vance Hartke in his speech in Stepan Center admonished the present Administra- tion for " . . . . not meeting the mandate for peace (1964 elections) with a plan for peace. " Other speakers on the Viet Nam issue included Senators Birch Bayh, George McGovern, Gale McGee and former Governor Harold Stassen. Among the mili- tary represented were retired Marine general David Shoup, who spoke against our presence in Viet Nam, Generals Harold K. Johnson, Army Chief of Staff, and Lewis Walt, assistant commandant of the Marine Corps. Interspersed between these speakers were men like Kenneth O ' Donnell (on J.F.K.) Jack Valenti (on L.B.J.), William Buckley (Student Responsi- bility), Mayor John Lindsay, Rod Serling, Bill Mauldin, Congressman Gerald Ford, minority leader of the G.O.P., Mark Lane (on the Kennedy Assasin- ation), and Harlan Cleveland, ambassador to N.A.T.O. (on Peace with the Russians). Robert Kennedy initiated his Indiana primary campaign with a speech in Stepan Center on April 4 outlining his poverty program. This most ambitious and best lecture series of the Student Union Academic Commission has been done without endowment. To continue to lure top quality contemporary speakers to the campus will take an endowed series. Without such aid the Student Union Academic Commission can ' t hope to match this year ' s accomplishments. At the other end of the spectrum of lectures offered at Notre Dame is the excellent Arthur J. Schmitt Challenges in Science Lectures. Last they brought Linus Paulding and Edward Teller among others; this year Dr. Willard F. Libby, Noble Lau- reate in Chemistry, Dr. Frederich Seitz, Charles A. Hufnagel, M.D., and other scientists spoke to the students. In spite of all the outstanding political speakers who appeared through the year, the highlight of this year ' s lectures was the National Literary Festival sponsored by the Sophomore Literary Fes- tival Council. During the week of March 31 through April 6, chairman John Mroz and his staff brought seven of America ' s most honored writers Granville Hicks, Peter DeVries, Joseph Heller, Wright Morris, Kurt Vonnegut, Norman Mailer, and Ralph Ellison to the campus. But the festival was noteworthy for much more than the normal lectures and sym- posia. Vonnegut, Heller, Hicks, DeVries, Ellison, and Morris sat in on several fiction and writing classes. And Norman Mailer brought Notre Dame its second world premier movie (the first being Knute Rockne, All- American), when the festival screened Beyond the Law, Mailer ' s second film. Hopefully these various lectures series can meet the students ' need for information outside of school. MOCK CONVENTION: The nomination of Mark Hat- field-a fervent refusal to be voiceless, a refusal to be stymied, a refusal to be led by men whose political vision is one of self concern. Politics is a game which proceeds by its own rules be they Roberts ' or Sturgis ' . It is not a human encounter creative of life, but one devoid, indeed, destructive of it. The rules of politics transmute the things of the real in all degrees into objects, all of the same quality. It is rare that anything can rise above the alchemy that again and again rein- forces the almost classic separation between the state and the body politic. But there is one fact of the way we live now that insinuates itself into every sphere of our lives and that is the war that Amer- ica presently wages in Viet Nam. The poet Dante tells us that the hottest places in hell are reserved for those who, in a period of great moral crisis, maintain their neutrality. You are either for this war or against it. There can be no question of the great moral crisis involved a crisis which sees the wrenching of the greatest nation on earth. You are either for this war or against it. You can either support a policy that destroyed 2,000 Americans in four weeks or you can oppose it. You are either for this war or against it. You can either say yes, it is right, with all its priorities and all its escalations or you can say no, it is wrong ... I cannot, I will not tolerate it. Charles Nau That fact presented itself with telling effect at the Notre Dame Mock Political Convention. It did so because it is a fact that the majority of Notre Dame ' s graduating class of 1968 will either join the military under duress, go to jail or expatriate them- selves; because it is a fact that friends and even brothers of the students here were and are being killed in Viet Nam ; because it is a fact that the Academy in America has, virtually with a single Top, Tom Chema, Mock Convention chairman, takes a roll during the convention. Below, the nomination of Rockefeller brings on a noisy demonstration. Opposite, above, Barbara Gibson introduces Robert Taft, Jr. to the Mock Convention. Below, though Nixon won the New Hampshire primary, he finished far behind at the Notre Dame Mock Convention. 256 voice, screamed against the war. We need a leader who can bring an end to the horror of the present war in Viet Nam and begin in full force to fight a war for social justice in our own nation . . . The violence in Southeast Asia has riddled our nation with the most intense discontent. The crisis in our cities is painstakingly connected to the failure of the Democratic leadership to build confidence in the worth of a war effort bringing un- accountable suffering to millions of Americans both in and out of uniform . . . United States prestige is often referred to by the Johnson administration as a scapegoat for not following a more sane foreign policy in Viet Nam. Yet that prestige is seriously damaged as a fourth rate power, North Korea, hi- jacks an American ship and her crew while the United States stands by watching, handcuffed by the Saigon dictators. At home, the war in Viet Nam diverts human and material resources from the work which must be done on our poverty-ridden cities; it underlies the belief of the poor and alien- ated of our ghettoes that the leadership of this coun- try is indifferent to their plight. It most unfortu- nately points out to those groping for economic and social equality that violence is the American way to solve a problem. Jeffrey Keyes The convention, of course, had the obligation to go beyond a concern for a militant peace, because such an expression would hardly be congruent with the ways of politics. And in fact, the convention did nominate Senator Mark Hatfield as the Republican candidate for the Presidency and Governor John Volpe as the candidate for the Vice Presidency. Underlying the apparently political nature of this 257 move, however, was a fervent refusal to be frustrated, to be voiceless, a refusal finally to be led by men whose political vision is one of self-concern. To say that this country is being torn apart and shattered politically, socially, and morally would be to belabor a theme that has recurred throughout this convention. The time has come to stop wringing our hands and to try to rebuild our society . . . We are tired of the sophistry of the party hack whose moral principles run no further than the Gallup Poll. We are tired of opportunists whose personal ambitions far surpass their desire to serve their country. But we do not have to sit back and fall into a cynical despondency over the fate of our political system. There is room for courage and integrity in American politics if we demand these qualities. This convention must be an occasion for our generation to give notice to all men who would be our leaders that we will not be led blindly; that we will not be lied to. Dennis O ' Dea The convention was not first and foremost con- ducted in the spirit of intellectual honesty; it was condemned as having elected not a man, but an issue. In many ways, this was true. The dynamics The simple fact that the vast majority of the class of 1968 will either join the military under duress, expatriate them- selves, or go to jail, made the convention a symbol of protest. of Johnson ' s perversity assumed the cover of de- manding opposition to him and at the same time supporting those things he had emblematically op- posed. To say that the candidate could have been McCarthy or Kennedy is overstating the point; to say that Mark Owen Hatfield represented anything more than a chance to change this country with the framework of the politics that it has created would adequately summarize the convention. The other candidates whom the convention considered were Nixon and Rockefeller, but they chose to dictate their political futures in vocabularies other than one small aspect of foreign policy. The fact remains nonetheless that that one aspect of foreign policy has brought America to a crisis of conscience and has brought us to realize the significance of Albert Camus ' assertion in The Rebel, which can stand as an emblem of the whole convention, indeed, of all involvement of Notre Dame students on the national level this year: " In the universe of The Trial, con- quered and completed at last, a race of culprits will endlessly shuffle toward an impossible innocence, under the grim regard of the Grand Inquisitors. In the twentieth century, power wears the mask of tragedy. " Top, Tom Henehan, a member of Hiram L. Pong ' s delegation. Below, Jeffrey Keyes nominating Mark 0. Hatfield. Opposite, above, Joe Blake, permanent chairman of the Mock Convention, confers with Ed Kickham, manager of Hatfield ' s campaign. Below, left, Reagan supporters ready confetti. Below, right, Mary Lou Gallagher re- ports the results of the Platform Committee ' s deliberations. 258 259 Notre Dame can hardly be said to have a flourish- ing musical life. This is the unfortunate result of several causes, not the least important of which is the severely limited budget of the music depart- ment. Flourishing departments send strong and penetrating roots into the university still, but those of more delicate constitution are apt to find them- selves neglected. The music department is such a victim of unintelligent ecology. But despite the fact that it is withering on the vine (the music major was phased out last year), it still manages, from time to time, to produce a few pale blossoms. The concerts by Claire Alain, or the Philidor Trio, or Lelia Gousseau are some of the more fragrant. Un- fortunately the best concerts of the season with the exception of the Philidor Trio were distress- ingly poorly attended. Apparently the music lovers among the faculty and students have for the most part despaired of the musical situation and are content to nourish themselves on record collections and WFMT broadcasts. Such poor receptions do not, of course, make the prospect of a return engagement at Notre Dame inviting for an artist. Despite all this the schedule of musical events maintains a sur- prisingly high average quality (which, for example, the Munich Chamber Orchestra did a great deal to raise). The better concerts are attended regularly by a small number of students. The faculty remains here as generally disinterested as it does in activi- ties of the " Student-Faculty " Film Society. Yet Father Hager continues to tend his meagre depart- ment, hoping, despite the indications, for a break in the weather. CONCERTS: Despite the music depart- ment ' s limited budget, and poor attendance at many con- certs, musical events maintain a consistently high quality. 260 Opposite, the Munich Chamber Orchestra. Above, piano duet Segal and Ruttenberg. Left, Pianist Marion Richter. 261 The judges vote against thinly-disguised rock. One thing can be said definitively about the tenth annual Collegiate Jazz Festival : it was different. CJF ' 68 offered $7,000 in prizes ; the Joseph Schlitz Brewing Company will present the Best Overall Jazz Group at this summer ' s Newport Jazz Festival ; jazz fans turned out in record numbers both for the jazz symposia and the Friday and Saturday night concerts; and the CJF judges elected not to present a Best Combo Award. This decision of judges Dan Morgenstern, Gerald Wilson, Oliver Nelson, Robert Share, and Ray Brown five outstanding jazz authorities was not very popular with the audience. Many felt that the Indiana Septet deserved the award because they demonstrated an obvious superiority to the other two finalists, the Mark Gridley Quartet and the Dominic-James Quartet, in the Friday performance. However, the judges based their awards only on the Saturday night finals, without consideration of the semi-finals. Saturday night, the Septet played a quasi-rock program which the judges found musi- cally interesting, but not jazz. On the other hand the remaining two finalists did not display the talent evident in the Indiana Septet. On this basis, the judges could not single out one of them for excellence in the jazz combo category. John Noel, CJF ' s chair- man, supported the judges. " As far as I know, this is the first time at any festival that the judges have withheld a combo award. Groups have been present- ing thinly disguised rock and calling it jazz. This decision may limit our scope, but does give the festi- val, and jazz itself, some definition. " In other categories, the winners were easily dis- tinguished. The University of Illinois Jazz Band again won the Best Big Band award and was also named the Best Overall Jazz Group. Mike Brecher of Indiana University received the Best Instrumentalist award, Ladd Mclntosh from Ohio State was the Best Composer-Arranger, and several other partici- pants received instruments and trophies as instru- mental soloists. With the rise in attendance this year, CJF appears to be gaining in stature on campus. Off campus, it is highly regarded, and previewed and reviewed in publications from coast to coast: The Los Angeles Times, The New York Times, The Washington Post, and the Chicago Daily News. Next year CJF will attempt to obtain regional sponsors so that more bands outside the Midwest can participate. Also, next year ' s chairman, Greg Muller hopes to bring a European group in for the festival. The newly formed European Jazz Federation, which regulates most jazz festivals and concerts on the continent, would play a major role in such an arrangement. 262 Opposite, above, Indiana University ' s Mike Brecher playing on the alto sax was named the outstanding instrumentalist. Opposite, below, the Drummerless Trio from Reed College in Portland, Oregon. Above, Illinois University ' s Dominic- James Quartet, the first CJF group to supplement their orchestrations with electronic effects. 263 THEATRE: The first American drama in four years, the gaiety of Moliere, and the campus debut of Luigi Pirandello. This year ' s edition of the Notre Dame St. Mary ' s Theatre saw a decided maturation in the brief his- tory of its two-year old merger. The addition of new courses and fuller classes gave a definite quality to the newst undergraduate major. One of the most significant innovations was the experimental theater program guided by assistant director Fred Syburg. Here actors were given the chance to develop their ability to improvise, mime, and perform in stylized theatre. This was the type of freedom and resource that was envisioned when St. Mary ' s and Notre Dame combined their drama departments. The merger of the two theatres no longer limits Notre Dame to a season of three plays. But last year ' s five plays proved overly ambitious. Rehearsals for the upcoming play usually overlapped with the one currently playing; consequently, an entire cast of actors was unable to assist in the following show. But more important, this frequently forced pro- ductions onto the stage before they were adequately polished. This year ' s theatre confined itself to a more modest number of four productions, which insured sufficient time for planning and rehearsal. But the most en- couraging note was its choice of plays. In the past, the university players have followed the formula of one classic, usually Shakespeare, one modern play, and one musical. While the musical is apparently immovable from the schedule, last year partially broke the pattern with three plays from the modern theatre. However, this season a superb replacement for the classic was found in Moliere, and the monop- oly the English stage had exerted for so long was curtailed. Furthermore, A Streetcar Named Desire was the first American drama staged in four years. It was difficult to quarrel with the selection, par- ticularly with the campus debut of Luigi Pirandello, represented by Enrico IV. And though we have yet to see Brecht, Beckett, or Attic tragedy, the theatre appears to be widening its range. Tennessee Williams ' dramatization of the psy- chological turmoil of Blanche Dubois was directed by Rev. Arthur Harvey, C.S.C., head of the univer- sity theatre. Judy Muench ' s portrayal of Blanche, while more than adequate, was often too strained, particularily at the moments when she needed to exhibit the untroubled confidence that Blanche tries to pass off as her natural self. This hurts because while the audience gradually begins to realize that Blanche ' s world is as artificial as Stanley ' s paper lantern, they are never sure that Blanche herself is convinced by it. Obviously uncomfortable in the role, Miss Muench nevertheless was extremely fine in the concluding scene. With the overreaction of a brute, Stanley has used a sledgehammer to tear apart Blanche ' s flimsy illusions, and reveal her true, vul- nerable self. Miss Muench poignantly communicated Blanche ' s final acceptance of this fraud and inability to handle reality. This realization allowed her to walk off the stage with dignity, and with that por- tion of ourselves that Blanche represents. Stanley, as played by Martin Doucette, was over- bearing from the second he entered his apartment. Mr. Doucette seemingly equated the importance of his lines with the volume of his voice, and so limited Stanley to a loud, moving noise. Although he quite easily displayed Stanley ' s characteristic power, he failed to convey the primal sensuality that both at- tracts and repels Blanche. This lack of instinctive sexuality eliminated another important knot in the psychological threads that Williams ' wove into the play. Perhaps the best performance was given by Karen O ' Donnell as Stella, Stanley ' s wife. Miss O ' Donnell moved with more assurance than any of the other actors, as she tried to both mollify Stanley and sympathize with Blanche. Although Miss O ' Don- nell ' s and Miss Muench ' s performances helped unify the overall production, the basic conflict between Staley and Blanche was only partially realized. In spite of the final picture of Blanche, the rest of the play failed to support the promise of individual scenes. The season ' s second production, Moliere ' s The School for Wives, was done with the wittiness that we ' ve come to expect from its director, Dennis Hayes. The entire evening radiated a continual gai- ety that no play in recent memory even rivaled. The most gratifying aspect of the play was the emergence of Lance Davis as an actor of first rate comic talent. Mr. Davis played the middle aged schemer, Arnol- phe, who is thwarted in his efforts to avoid being cuckoled. As guardian to Agnes, his would-be wife, Arnolphe admirably succeeds in keeping her com- pletely unaware of the world outside her garden. However, Agnes later proves that ignorance isn ' t always equated with innocence. Whether glum, fur- ious, or plotting a new tack, Mr. Davis was equally hilarious. He drew on an entire range of facial ex- pressions and movements, never playing one up above any other. Indeed, the whole cast was instantly characterized by individual gestures. In School for Wives, Mr. Hayes took a lesser work of Moliere ' s and by de-emphasizing any moral or lesson, played it to its satiric hilt. The remarks of Chrisalde, the commentator, were toned down, and his simple statement gave us the unambiguous theme of the play : " The most important thing in life is to be happy and not create problems for oneself. " Mr. Hayes also minimized any anger or pity we might have had toward Arnolphe in the last scene. Foiled by his own ingenuity, Mr. Davis had no exit line, just his typical silent frustration, and a rapid 264 e, Lance Davis as Arnolphe in Moliere ' s The School for Wives. 265 Above, Judy Muench and Chuck Perrin in Enrico IV. Above, right, Judy Muench in A Streetcar Named Desire. Below, right, Daniel Diggles as Horace in The School for Wives. Opposite, above, Lance Davis and Sandra Lopez. Opposite, below, Chuck Per- rin and Richard-Raymond Alasko. 266 Though we have yet to see Brecht, Beckett, or Attic tragedy, the theatre has definitely widened its range of playwrights. departure off stage. Mr. Hayes ' directorial skill, par- ticularly the way minor characters are sharply, quickly sketched, suggests that he would be the best candidate for the theatre ' s next production of Shake- speare. A recent critic of European drama has said that Pirandello, and not Ibsen or Stindberg, merits the title of father of the modern stage. Although writing in the 1920 ' s, his endless concern with the theme of artifice and reality continues to fascinate us, and leave the audience with a feeling that it has seen avant-garde drama. Relatively unknown except for his Six Characters in Search of an Author, Piran- dello was brought to the university theatre in the form of Enrico IV, under the direction of Fred Sy- burg. From the start, the play presents difficulties; Pirandello wrote for a theatre of ideas. His plays compel an audience to engage his ideas as they re- sonate between madness and sanity, stage acting and daily impersonation. As a result, some of the best stagings of Pirandello have been ones in which the actors have stood partially back and let the ideas remain in the forefront. But Enrico IV complicated matters. For Enrico possesses considerably more depth than the mere articulator of an idea. Mr. Syburg ' s solution for a play that demands this peculiar kind of acting was admirable. Most of the actors, especially Chuck Perrin as the title char- acter, gave their roles the necessary life and restraint that Pirandello demands. However for most of the first act the actors seemed weighed down with their characters, and guided the merging theme ponder- ously. But with Mr. Perrin ' s initial appearance, the dra- ma started moving faster and increasing in com- plexity. Is Enrico really mad, and how will his friends ' efforts to remove his delusion affect him? Enrico is a man who is aware of the masks that 207 268 Fr. Harvey, and Messrs. Syburg, Hayes, and Bain remain the major factors in insuring the theatre ' s continued success. people assume, and so he controls them by having visitors act out his pageant. Their language has labeled him a madman, but he uses this assigned role to work back on his accusers. However, unable to stay on both sides of the illusion, Enrico is forced back into his insane pose in the final scene. The most striking quality of Mr. Perrin ' s portray- al was his undeniable stage presence. As a focus for the attention of the audince, Mr. Perrin had great poise and attraction. Unfortunately his voice did not quite have the variety of inflection that the multi- plicities of the character asks for. Since much of the play consists of Enrico ' s musings on his unsolvable problem, parts were hard to follow and tended to sound the same. Aside from this, it was a remark- able stage debut. Judy Muench and Richard-Ray- mond Alasko each gave an unhurried performance as the countess and Baron. The future of the theatre is difficult to foresee. With its new status as a legitimate majo r, the prob- lem of new personnel has been lessened and more qualified people are available. At this time the pres- ence of three fine actors in the persons of Lance Davis, R. Emmet Allen and Willem O ' Reilly insure some success for next year ' s season. But Fr. Harvey, and Messrs. Syburg, Hayes, and Bain will remain the major factors in the shifting relation between play, actor, and stage. Opposite, Chuch Perrin made his Notre Dame-St. Mary ' s Theatre debut in the title role of Pirandello ' s Enrico IV. Left, Judy Muench as Blanch DuBois and Karen O ' Donnell as Stella Kowalski in Ten- nessee Williams ' A Streetcar Named Desire. Above, Richard-Ray- mond Alasko, Chuch Perrin, Judy Muench, and Timothy Donovan in Enrico IV. 269 27O GRADUATES: Dome poll of seniors shows nine out of ten can ' t answer the question " How does HarryRothmandoit? A recent poll by the Dome has revealed some mighty interesting things about this year ' s senior class. First of all, the class hates polls! Yes, out of 1136 seniors polled, only two, the editor of the Dome and the managing editor, answered. Such apathy! The first question we asked was, " Are you in favor of the proposal to widen the halls in Badin? " An amazing 88.2 percent replied that they were un- aware of such a proposal. Such ignorance! A few commented that they thought the Student Senate was a sandbox, but these comments were cast out as irrelevant. Other results were just as amazing: 64 (count ' em, 64) percent of this year ' s seniors had not attended a single class during the month of February. Of these, 88 percent replied they were getting As in all their courses. A bare 34 percent of the seniors shaves before showering; 20.2 show- ers before shaving; and a towering 96 percent neither shaves nor showers during the school year. Such grubbiness ! Does anyone care about the Handball Team ? This question, and many others similar to it, comprised the second part of the poll. Unfortunately, 55 per- cent felt no pathos for the team, which has gone 2-47 for the season and has its entire front four graduating. Shame, seniors. Amazingly, only 18 percent wanted " at least one " brick from the old Fieldhouse. In the political bag, the soon-to-be-graduates turned the poll into a veritable Mock Convention when they, as in one voice (50.5 percent) demanded the ouster of Indira Ghandi. And a significant 21 percent thought the question, " Why isn ' t the water tower painted on St. Patrick ' s day anymore? " should be included among Fr. Hesburgh ' s " relevant ques- tions. " Nearly nine out of ten could find no accept- able answer to the query, " How does Harry Roth- man do it? " ; while a disappointing 12 percent said they had been to a Bar Mitzvah within the last three years. Sex, of course, was the final part of the poll. Like all questionnaires, the Dome staff indulged itself with the usual questions (Above the ankle, below the ankle, etc.) but the senior class remained un- cooperative, expressing little more than an interest in the aims of the Marriage Institute and that, a mere 12 percent. The Dome presents SENIOR FILL INS a few pleasant little H eSt _____ weight remembrances for with seniors without P iac e exams to vaste time 5 freshma ?7 ear What happened to room freshman year until graduation. Roommate What happened to roommate My buddy SENIOR AWARENESS TEST Favorite aristocrat " . ' 1. Tell the truth: do you really know who the Stu- Favorite rector dent Body Vice President is? Priests I pal around with 2. Do you know who Chuck Nau is ? Townies I pal around with 3. If so, why? If not, congratulations. That " certain someone " 4. Is Father McCarragher or Chris Murphy Stu- Most hated st Mary ' s girl dent Body President? Do you think he really Guys I know with cars deserves it? Guys I know who will sell me pot 5. Did you know that you can say the Rosary on Ways to get on campus with liquor the lampposts of Notre Dame Avenue? Do you Ways to get into Morrissey know what day to use the Glorious Mysteries? Ways to get out of Morrissey 6. How many bricks are on the front wall of 127 W hat to do while in Morrissey Nieuwland? Favorite Observer columnist 7. I am screaming the Victory March at Alumni Favorite local yearbook Hall. Am I facing (a) east (b) west (c) north U) Ca ] narks I have been turned in by (d) the ground? Hall prude 8. Be honest : how many umbrellas have you Favorite gate to sneak in cars stolen? Favorite face on Huddle mural 9. Do you know the only way to get no busy signal Ha u sena tor (leave blank if necessary) on the Hot Line? Hall president (leave blank if necessary) 10. Why is it impossible for me to get from my student body president (leave blank) biology class to the ROTC building in time for Favorite floor in library class? Favorte room in the Rock 11. Do you really know the Indiana state law on Rooms where I have carved my initials drinking? Profs who have kicked me out of class for: 12. If the Ghost of Washington Hall accosted you smoking grass on the main quad, would you recognize him? drinking a Huddle Coke 13. Did you know that you are not allowed to close drinking Chivas Regal the door when the maid is in your room? Have mouthing off you ever tried it ? 14. Who is the only person on campus who is both . a C.S.C. and a former Strongest Man in the THE PROM World? The prom waa on My date was She 15. There is an obscenity on this page. Can you WQre j [ up an d we there. It it? was held in Center and the place was . We a little before and got there completely ed. We didn ' t stay but early, because my date ' s The only thing was, Later, we went That night, On Saturday morning we to the dunes and got again. The concert was We hear a because we were still Finally, Not only that, but her again. On Sunday, , we said good bye in front of I tried to get her into my room, but caught us. And that was the prom. L- SENIOR AWARDS Due to the active hate generated by any attempt to make such awards, the Dome presents the First Annual Dome Write-in Awards. Mr. Popularity. Awarded to the senior displaying the most ridiculous combination of political double- dealing, sly tricks with women, and knowledge of first names on campus. Member of that outstanding do-nothing campus poobah organization which shall remain nameless. Mr. Athlete. Awarded to that senior displaying the most amazing strength of any student, usually on the main quad. Not an animal, he constantly strives to maintain his 3.8 even in the face of $100,000 bonuses from the pros. A fearsome drinker. Note: a clever Mr. Athlete may also qualify for the above- mentioned Mr. Popularity award. Mr. Administrator. Awarded by the senior class to that member of the administration who finds great- est fulfillment in tucking students in every night. Mr. Editor. Awarded in honor of that publication editor who displays most blatantly those qualities of bad taste, lousy typography, and ridiculous logic in the tradition of the first award winner, Bob Anson. Mr. President. Awarded to the president who does the most to foster his own ideals and to then foist them on his organization. Eligible: all campus presidents. Absentee ballots accepted. ARE YOU A RADICAL? Mark AGREE, DISAGREE, or APATHETIC after each statement. Award 1 point for each AGREE, for each DISAGREE, and -25 for each APA- THETIC. 1. My name is Jon Sherry Dan Lewis Tom Hene- han Ned Buchbinder Lenny Joyce. (Award 25 bonus points for circling the right one.) 2. I am a self-proclaimed neo-student-leftist- Marxist-Trotskyite. 3. If there ' s one thing I can ' t stand, it ' s year- books ! 4. Anyone who can ' t take a joke is a Facist. 5. My favorite complementary close on a letter is " Yours for the revolution. " 6. I read illiterate anti-war poetry every night before bedtime. 7. I am aware of the aims of the River City Re- view, but it doesn ' t keep me up nights. 8. I played high school football. 9. Not only that, but I was a starter, and the coach loved me. How ironic! 10. I have carried a pornographic placard in every ROTC Presidential Review protest since 1964. 11. I am a D-U-P-E, and I know it. 12. My first radicalizing experience was working for the Y.C.S. 13. I am confident the McCarthyist-reactionary- liberal-jocks will string me up in a few years. 14. I am not paranoid, but my mental anguishes have strangely parallelled those of Dennis Gal- lagher. 15. Just remember, they laughed at Ayn Rand. 16. Here ' s the surprise, gang! Any score over -10 means YOU ' RE A RADICAL!! AUTOGRAPH FOOTBALL Seniors ! Have your friends, class hall floor room jocks, friendly faculty, and local section leader sign this genuine imitation crudely- drawn mock Wilson pigskin ! ERNEST N. ABATE. New Haven, Connecticut; LL.B. Law. MIGUEL A. ABEYTA. Santa Fe, New Mexico; B.B.A. Accounting. GARY J. ADLER. Pt. Pleasant, West Virginia; B.S. Physics. TERENCE J. ADRIAN. River Edge, New Jersey; A.B. General Program. KERRY W. AHERN. Akron, Ohio; B.B.A. Accounting. STEPHEN J. AHLGREN. Neenah, Wisconsin; A.B. Government. PHILIP M. ALLEN. Battle Creek, Michigan; B.B.A. Management. FRANK D. ALLMAN. New Britain, Connecticut; A.B. Psychology CESAR G. ALVAREZ. Quito, Ecuador; B.B.A. Management. JOSEPH N. AMBROSIC. Cleveland, Ohio; A.B. English. JOHN C. AMER. Rocky River, Ohio; B.B.A. Accounting. JOHN E. AMERMAN. Belleville, Michigan; LL.B. Law. CARL E. ANDERSON. Atmore, Alabama; B.B.A. Finance. DENIS R. ANDERSON. South Bend, Indiana; B.S. Biology. GEORGE F. ANDERSON. Bloomington, Minnesota; A.B. Modern Language. STEPHEN L. ANDERSON. Scarsdale, New York; B.S. Preprofessional. TIMOTHY V. ANDREWS. Taunton, Massachu- setts; A.B. General Program. WILLIAM F. ANGELL. Muscatine, Iowa; B.B.A. Accounting. DAVID L. ANNIS. Waterloo, New York; A.B. Communication Arts. JOHN L. AUBREY. Cincinnati, Ohio; B.B.A. Accounting. ENVER AZIZI. Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico; B.Arch. Architecture. GONZALO C. BADARACCO. Curacao, Netherlands Antilles; B.Arch. Architecture. JOHN W. BAKER. Knoxville, Tennessee; B.B.A. Finance. PRESTON D. BAKER. Westminster, Massachu- setts; B.S. Civil Engineering. WILLIAM L. BALSIS. Cicero, Illinois; B.B.A. Marketing. ROBERT T. BARLETTA. Punxsutawney, Penn- sylvania; B.B.A. Accounting. ALLEN D. BARNARD. Williston, North Dakota; LL.B. Law. BOYD T. BARNES. Logansport, Indiana; A.B. Economics. 274 MICHAEL E. BAROODY. Alexandria, Virginia; A.B. Government. JAMES P. BARR. Wood River, Illinois; A.B. Aero-Space Engineering. MARTIN P. BARRY, JR. Spring Lake, New Jer- sey; A.B. English. PATRICK D. EARTH. South Bend, Indiana; A.B. Communication Arts. BRUCE H. BARTLEY. Midland, Texas; A.B. Government. MICHAEL J. BASQUILL. Rockledge, Florida; A.B. History. STEPHEN G. BAYER. Manhasset, New York; B.B.A. Management. MICHAEL A. BECK. Bastrop, Texas; A.B. Sociology. GERALD J. BEDNAR. Parma, Ohio; A.B. Gov- ernment. WILLIAM J. BEDNAREK. Dolton, Illinois; B.B.A. Accounting. JOHN C. BEERS. Baltimore, Maryland; B.B.A. Accounting. JOHN E. BELANGER. Belmont, Massachusetts; B.B.A. Management. DAVID C. BELDEN. Canton, Ohio; B.B.A. Accounting CHARLES V. BELDING. Allegany, New York; B.B.A. Marketing. DANIEL F. BELL. Rochester, New York; B.S. Physics. J. RUSSELL BELLAMY. Dallas, Texas; B.B.A. Finance. EMILIO V. BELLUOMINI, JR. Galveston, Texas; LL.B. Law. STEPHEN 0. BENDER. Alexandria, Indiana; B.Arch. Architecture. FRANK C. BENESH. Perth Amboy, New Jersey; B.S. Electrical Engineering. GEORGE H. BENNETT. Lockbourne AFB, Ohio; A.B. General Program. MICHAEL B. BERKOWICK. Lawton, Oklahoma; A.B. English. MICHAEL E. BERNARD. Kenton, Ohio; A.B. Government. THOMAS J. BERNARD, C.S.C. Notre Dame, Indiana; A.B. Mathematics. BARNETT L. BERNOFF. New York, New York; A.B. English. CHRISTOPHER S. BERRY. San Diego, California; B.B.A. Management. ALBERT J. BERRYMAN. Seattle, Washington; A.B. Government. DAVID G. BEST. Peoria Heights, Illinois; B.S. Preprofessional. THOMAS J. BETTLER. Charlestown, Indiana; A.B. Sociology. 275 WILLIAM J. BEYER. Shawnee Mission, Kansas; B.B.A. Accounting. Louis A. BIANCHI. Chicago, Illinois; LL.B. Law. RONALD A. BIEHLER. Lorain, Ohio; B.S. Biology. MICHAEL R. BIEL. Sparta, Wisconsin; A.B. Government. JAMES M. BIGGS. Apony, New York, A.B. Government. GUY T. BIGLEN. Big Timber, Montana; A.B. English. PETER B. BILLINGS. Ripon, Wisconsin; B.S. Biology. H. CLAY BILLINGSLEY. St. Louis, Missouri; A.B. Government. JAMES H. BILLITER. Columbus, Ohio; B.S. Electrical Engineering. WILLIAM J. SINGLE. Toledo, Ohio; A.B. History. ROBERT E. BIRZER. Canton, Ohio; B.B.A. Accounting. RONALD H. BIXBY. Appleton, Wisconsin; A.B. Sociology. JAMES E. BLACKWELL. Grand Rapids, Mich- igan; A.B. Preprofessional. JOSEPH G. BLAKE. Shaker Heights, Ohio; A.B. History RALPH J. BLAKE. Phoenix, Arizona; B.B.A. Marketing. Louis C. BLAUM. Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania; B.S. Preprofessional. MICHAEL J. BLEEG. Newton Square, Penn- sylvania; B.B.A. Accounting. ROBERT P. BLEIER. Appleton, Wisconsin; B.B.A. Management. FRANCIS P. BLONSKA. Cleveland Heights, Ohio; A.B. Communication Arts. RICHARD J. BLUM. Cincinnati, Ohio; A.B. Mechanical Engineering. THOMAS J. BLUM. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; A.B. Government. RICHARD M. BLUMBERG. St. Paul, Minnesota ; A.B. Law Combination. IVAN E. BODENSTEINER. West Union, Iowa; LL.B. Law. DAVID L. BOEHNEN. Mitchell, South Dakota; A.B. Government. JEFFREY A. BOESTER. Fort Wayne, Indiana ; B.S. Preprofessional. VINCENT L. BOLDUC. Wilbraham, Massachu- setts; A.B. Sociology. JOHN C. BOLIVAR. Indianapolis, Indiana; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. WILLIAM A. BOMBERGER. Lincoln, Nebraska ; B.S. Physics. p V T ? 276 LANDERS P. BONENBERGER. Wheeling, West Virginia; LL.B. Law. PAUL S. BONFANTI. Rockville Centre, New York; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. TIMOTHY R. BORN. Clovis, California; B.B.A. Accounting. MICHAEL P. Born. Middletown, New York; B.B.A. Accounting. JOSEPH C. BOTTINO. Bronxville, New York; B.S. Electrical Engineering. A. JOHN BOUCEK. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; B.S. Metallurgy Engineering. THOMAS K. BOURKE. Elmhurst, Illinois; A.B. General Program. JOHN T. BOYLE. Suffern, New York; B.S. Biology. DOMINIC T. BOZZELLI. Rochester, New York; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. JOHN E. BRADLEY, JR. Wilmington, Delaware; B.B.A. Marketing. ROBERT H. BRADLEY. Little Rock, Arkansas; A.B. English. JOHN P. BRADY. Caledonia, Minnesota; A.B. Economics. THOMAS P. BRADY, JR. Cohasset, Massachu- setts; B.B.A. Accounting. STEPHEN C. BRANDT. Severna Park, Maryland; B.B.A. Management 277 THEODORE J. BRATTHAUAK. West Chicago, Illi- nois; B.B.A. Management. JAMES A. BREHM. Fremont, Ohio; A.B. Economics. HAROLD L. BREILING. Mount Clemens, Michi- gan; A.B. Government. JOHN S. BRENNAN. San Francisco, California; B.S. Civil Engineering. JOSEPH F. BRENNAN. Oyster Bay, New York; A.B. History. MICHAEL W. BRENNAN. Sycamore, Illinois; B.B.A. Management. TIMOTHY F. BRENNAN. Cleveland, Ohio; B.S. Preprofessional. WILLIAM J. BRENNAN. Brooklyn, New York; A.B. Government. MICHAEL D. BRESNAHAN. Chicago, Illinois; A.B. Modern Languages. RICHARD A. BRETTELL. Belle Vernon, Pennsyl- vania; A.B. Government. THOMAS D. BRISLIN. Dallas, Pennsylvania; Government. DONALD A. BROCKLEY. Albany, New York; A.B. Economics. LAURANCE G. BRODERICK. Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- vania; B.B.A. Finance. JOHN A. BROWN. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; A.B. Psychology. MARK A. BROWN. St. Louis, Missouri ; A.B. History. DAVID J. BROWNE. Rego Park, New York; A.B. Economics. MICHAEL G. BROWNING. Grosse Point, Michi- gan; B.B.A. Finance. DAVID V. BRUEGGEN. Leavenworth, Kansas; B.B.A. Accounting. TERRANCE J. BRUGGEMAN. Ramsey, New Jer- sey; A.B. Government. GEORGE D. BUENNAGEL. Indianapolis, Indiana; B.B.A. Accounting. 278 I i GLENN A. BURCHETT. Anaheim, California; A.B. Government. MICHAEL A. BURGENER. Manion, Illinois; A.B. Economics. JOHN E. BURKHARDT. Plainfield, Illinois; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. JOHN M. BURMAN. West Palm Beach, Florida; A.B. Government. WILLIAM G. BURNS. Villanova, Pennsylvania; A.B. General Program. ROBERT A. BURROWS. Wilton, Connecticut; A.B. General Program. THOMAS L. BUSH, JR. Nashville, Tennessee; B.B.A. Finance. JOSEPH BUTTIGIEG, III. Dearborn, Michigan ; B.B.A. Finance. MICHAEL E. BYLEBYL. North Tonawanda, New York; A.B. English. JAMES E. BYRNE. Roseville, Michigan; A.B. History. JOHN T. BYRNES, JR. Delavan, Wisconsin; A.B. Preprofessional. JOHN S. CACE, III. Longview, Texas; B.B.A. Management. PATRICK F. CAHILL. Grand Rapids, Michigan; A.B. Communication Arts. ALFRED W. CALABRESE. Chicago, Illinois; B.B.A. Accounting. DAVID C. CALABRIA. Reading, Pennsylvania; A.B. Economics. JOHN A. CALABRIA. Reading, Pennsylvania; B.S. Preprofessional. RICHARD S. CALONE. Pittsburgh, California; B.B.A. Accounting. RICHARD B. CAMBRON. Evansville, Indiana; A.B. Sociology. DAVID J. CAMERON. Hatboro, Pennsylvania ; A.B. English. DENNIS L. CAMP. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; A.B. Economics. R. MICHAEL CAMP. Alexandria, Virginia; B.S. Physics. JAMES C. CANESTARO. Cortland, New York; B.Arch. Architecture. JAMES T. CANNON. Geneva, Illinois; B.B.A. Finance. GERALD G. CANO. McKeesport, Pennsylvania; B.S. Electrical Engineering. JOHN L. CAREY. Kokomo, Indiana; B.B.A. Management. JAMES A. CARFAGNO. Atkins, Arkansas; B.S. Chemical Engineering. PATRICK F. CARR, JR. Collingswood, New Jer- sey; B.B.A. Accounting. RICHARD M. CARRIGAN, JR. Evanston, Illinois; B.B.A. Marketing. 279 TERRENCE J. CARRIGAN. Cincinnati, Ohio; B.S. Preprofessional. GERARD P. CARROLL. Bayside, New York ; A.B. English. MICHAEL J. CARROLL. River Edge, New Jersey; A.B. English. RICHARD J. CARTER, JR. Brooklyn, New York; A.B. English. DANIEL W. CASEY, JR. Solvay, New York; B.S. Preprofessional. ROBERT R. CASEY. New Orleans, Louisiana; B.B.A. Accounting. C. PATRICK CASTELLAN. Media, Pennsylvania; B.S. Chemical Engineering. BERNARD J. CASTELLANI. Hollywood, Florida; B.B.A. Marketing. MARTIN G. CASTO. Villa Park, Illinois; B.S. Chemical Engineering. KENNETH J. CASTROP. Columbus, Ohio ; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. EUGENE L. CAVANAUGH. Johnstown, Pennsyl- vania; B.B.A. Accounting. ROBERT J. CAVERLY, JR. New York, New York; A.B. Government. JOHN T. CELIO. Rutherford, New Jersey; B.B.A. Finance. DAVID R. CELMER. Rochester, New York; A.B. History. RODRIGO E. CEPEDA. Lima, Peru ; B.S. Mechan- i cal Engineering. JAMES J. CEVASCO. Nyack, New York; B.B.A. Finance. JAMES H. CHAPMAN. Martins Ferry, Ohio; A.B. General Program. PAUL L. CHELMINIAK. Seattle, Washington; B.Arch. Architecture. THOMAS V. CHEMA. East Liverpool, Ohio; A.B. History. JEROME A. CHERUBINI. Glendale, Wisconsin ; A.B. Economics. JOHN J. CHESNEY. Duluth, Minnesota; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. ROBERT L. CHILES. Memphis, Tennessee; A.B. Communication Arts. FRANK J. CHUCK, JR. Canajoharie, New York; B.S. Chemical Engineering. LEWIS R. CIMINO. Omaha Nebraska; B.S. Preprofessional. CHARLES A. CLAESGENS. Oradell, New Jersey; A.B. Economics. HAROLD J. CLARK. Seaford, New York; A.B. Modern Languages. JOHN A. CLARK. Akron, Ohio; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. ALEXANDER G. CLARKE. Chagrin Falls, Ohio; B.S. Metallurgy. 280 I I RICHARD A. CLARKE. Wilmington, Delaware; A.B. English. WILLIAM J. CLEARY. Birmingham, Michigan; B.B.A. Accounting. WILLIAM V. CLIFFORD. Gary, Indiana; A.B. English. MI CHAEL P. COCCOLI, Cranston, Rhode Island ; B.S. Electrical Engineering. MICHAEL G. COHEN. Bala Cynwyd, Pennsyl- vania; B.B.A. Finance. MICHAEL E. COLEMAN. Grosse Point, Michigan; B.B.A. Management. RICHARD J. COLEMAN. Syracuse, New York ; B.B.A. Accounting. WILLIAM T. COLEMAN. Riverside, Illinois; LL.B. Law. DANIEL J. COLLINS. Philadelphia, Pennsyl- vania; B.B.A. Marketing. DENNIS G. COLLINS. Rochester, New York; LL.B. Law. KENNETH J. COLLINS. Fargo, North Dakota; B.S. Civil Engineering. JAMES E. COMEAU. Merrill, Wisconsin; B.S. Electrical Engineering. PATRICK R. COMEFORD. Oak Park, Illinois ; A.B. Sociology. RICHARD C. COMMANDER. Needham Heights, Massachusetts; A.B. Psychology. THOMAS J. CONDON. New London, Connecticut; A.B. English. GERALD A. CONIGLIO. Mt. Morris, New York ; B.S. Preprofessional. PETER J. CONLEY. Portland, Maine; B.B.A. Management. ROBERT P. CONNELL. Essex Falls, New Jersey; A.B. History. TIMOTHY A. CONNELLY. Los Altos, California; B.B.A. Accounting. JOHN L. CONNER. Kewanee, Illinois; A.B. English. RONALD R. CONNER. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; B.S. Chemical Engineering. THOMAS J. CONNOR. Peoria, Illinois; A.B. English. GERALD B. CONNORS. Garden City, New York; A.B. Communication Arts. GERALD T. CONWAY. West Islip, New York; A.B. Government. THOMAS W. COOK. New Canaan, Connecticut; B.B.A. Accounting. W. SCOTT COOLEY. Colton, California ; A.B. Government. JAMES E. COOLING. Hazelwood, Missouri ; LL.B. Law. MICHAEL E. COONEY. Detroit, Michigan; B.B.A. Management. 281 TIMOTHY J. COONEY. Beaumont, Texas; B.B.A. Accounting. GARY F. COOPER. Royal Oak, Michigan ; B.S. Chemistry. THOMAS R. CORBETT. St. Louis, Missouri; A.B. Modern Languages. LARRY M. CORCORAN. Williamsville, New York; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. Luis L. CORDERO. Caracas, Venezuela; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. TIMOTHY K. CORMANY. Madrid, Spain; A.B. English. CHARLES W. CORSO, C.S.C. Notre Dame, Indi- ana; A.B. Philosophy. DAVID B. CORTWRIGHT. East Stroudburg, Penn- sylvania; A.B. History. GERALD M. COTTER. Queens Village, New York; B.B.A. Accounting. JOHN M. COTTINGHAM. Cincinnati, Ohio; A.B. Sociology. EDMOND J. COUTURIER. North Attleboro, Mas- sachusetts; B.B.A. Accounting. JOHN J. COYLE. Phillipsburg, New Jersey; LL.B. Law. KEVIN T. COYLE. Hackensack, New Jersey; A.B. Economics. JOHN L. CRAMER, C.S.C. Notre Dame, Indiana; A.B. History. MYRON L. CRAMER. Columbus, Ohio; B.S. Physics. GEORGE E. CRAWFORD. Groton, Connecticut; B.S. Chemistry. 282 4 to -, JOSEPH P. CRAWFORD. Royal Oak, Michigan ; A.B. Communication Arts. RICHARD L. CROUCH. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; B.B.A. Accounting. THOMAS C. CROWLEY. White Plains, New York; A.B. Economics. J. MICHAEL CRUTCHER. Dallas, Texas; A.B. Government. RONALD CUBALCHINI. Chicago, Illinois; B.S. Physics. THOMAS J. CUGGINO. Bronx, New York; B.B.A. Accounting. PHILIP T. CULCASI. Hubbard, Ohio; B.B.A. Marketing. RICHARD K. CUMMINGS. Larchmont, New York; B.B.A. Accounting. THOMAS E. CURTIN. Bethesda, Maryland; A.B. Government. THOMAS R. CURTIN. Boonton, New Jersey; LL.B. Law. PAUL E. CZUCHLEWSKI. Woodside, New York; A.B. History. JONATHAN W. DABY. Fall River, Massachu- setts; A.B. Sociology. MICHAEL A. DAHER. Grosse Pointe Woods, Michigan; A.B. General Program. PETER J. DALUM. Elm Grove, Wisconsin; A.B. Sociology. JAMES M. DAVIS. New Cumberland, Pennsyl- vania; A.B. English. PAUL V. DAVIS. Evergreen Park, Illinois; B.B.A. Marketing. JAMES D. DEAN. Albertson, New York; B.B.A. Management. EDWARD J. DEBARTOLO. Youngstown, Ohio; B.B.A. Management. MICHAEL DECOURSEY. Shawnee Mission, Kan- sas; B.B.A. Accounting. PATRICK A. DEEGAN. Riverside, California; A.B. Economics. RAYMOND DEFABIO, C.S.C. Notre Dame, Indiana; A.B. English. JAMES P. DEFILIPPI. Oglesby, Illinois; B.B.A. Marketing. JOHN W. DELEHANT. Omaha, Nebraska; A.B. History. THOMAS G. DE!X NG. Mishawaka, Indiana; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. ARTURO G. DE PAREDES. Panama, Panama ; B.S. Civil Engineering. JOSEPH A. DERRICO. Wantagh, New York; A.B. English. ARTHUR A. DE SMET. Detroit, Michigan; B.S. Chemistry. PAUL B. DETTOR. Mishawaka, Indiana; B.B.A. Accounting. 2H3 WILLIAM M. DEWEY III. Englewood, Colorado; A.B. History. JORGE A. DIAZ. Bogota, Colombia ; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. DANIEL D. DICKMAN. South Bend, Indiana; B.B.A. Management. JOSEPH W. DIEMERT, JR. South Euclid, Ohio ; A.B. Government. RICHARD DIETER, C.S.C. Notre Dame, Indiana; B.S. Mathematics. GONZALO C. DIEZ. Quito, Ecuador; B.B.A. Management. KENNETH A. DILAURA. Grosse Pointe Woods, Michigan; B.B.A. Accounting. RICHARD A. DILORENZO. Rosedale, New York; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. JOHN J. DION. Southbridge, Massachusetts; A.B. Government. DAVID A. DITTMAN. Cincinnati, Ohio; B.B.A. Accounting. JOSEPH W. DIVER. Findlay, Ohio; B.B.A. Finance. MICHAEL P. DOBROWOLSKI. San Antonio, Texas; B.S. Civil Engineering. DENNIS J. DOHERTY, JR. Greenville, South Carolina; B.S. Engineering Science. STANLEY Z. DOMBROWSKI. Garden City Park, New York ; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. JOHN R. DONAHUE, JR. Detroit, Michigan; A.B. English. JAMES F. DONIUS. Buffalo, New York; A.B. Sociology. ARTHUR J. DONNELLY. Leawood, Kansas; B.B.A. Accounting. CHRISTOPHER J. DONNELLY. Glencoe, Illinois; B.B.A. Management. DANIEL P. DONNELLY. Indianapolis, Indiana; A.B. English. EDMOND J. DONOVAN. Bayonne, New Jersey; A.B. Communications Arts. DENNIS E. DORRATCAGUE. Seattle, Washington; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. THOMAS N. DORSEL. South Fort Mitchell, Ken- tucky; A.B. Psychology. RICHARD J. DOVORANY. Racine, Wisconsin ; B.B.A. Accounting. DANIEL B. DOYLE. Elkhart, Indiana; A.B. Preprofessional. JOHN J. DRNDAK. Kenosha, Wisconsin ; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. RICHARD P. DRNEVICH. East McKeesport, Penn- sylvania; B.Arch. Architecture. RONALD L. DROSTE. Clinton, Iowa; B.S. Engineering Science. JAMES F. DRUCKENBROD. Cleveland, Ohio; A.B. Sociology. 284 CORNELIUS T. DUCEY, JR. St. Louis, Missouri; A.B. History. ALBERT J. DUDASH, JR. Aliquippa, Pennsyl- vania; LL.B. Law. JOHN F. DUFF. Cornwall, New York; B.B.A. Accounting. MICHAEL J. DUFF. York, Pennsylvania; B.B.A. Accounting. JOHN A. DUFFY. Massapequa Park, New York; B.B.A. Accounting. MARTIN J. DUFFY. Maywood, New Jersey; B.B.A. Finance. CHARLES A. DUGAND. Mexico City, Mexico; B.B.A. Accounting. WILLIAM R. DUNFEY. Hamilton, Ohio; A.B. English. E. BRYAN DUNIGAN. Oak Park, Illinois; A.B. General Program. THOMAS A. DURKIN. Chicago, Illinois; A.B. General Program. THOMAS M. DURKIN. Lakewood, Ohio; B.B.A. Finance. THOMAS R. DUXBURY. Wyckoff, New Jersey; A.B. Government. ROBERT L. DYSON. Elmwood Park, Illinois; B.Arch. Architecture. L. MICHAEL EDWARDS. Glenshaw, Pennsyl- vania; B. S. Mechanical Engineering. PETER A. EDWARDS. Scituate, Massachusetts; A.B. Sociology. STEVE W. EFFLER. Syracuse, New York ; B.S. Chemical Engineering. PAUL E. EIDE. Fargo, North Dakota; B.B.A. Accounting. JAMES J. ELIAS. DuBois, Pennsylvania ; B.F.A. Art. JAMES R. ELLIOT. Vincennes, Indiana; B.S. Physics. DENNIS W. EMANUEL. Ottumwa, Iowa; B.S. Preprofessional. WILLIAM J. EPPIG. West Islip, New York; B.S. Electrical Engineering. RICHARD J. ESCE. Syracuse, New York; B.S. Electrical Engineering. THOMAS A. ETTEN. Chicago, Illinois; A.B. Sociology. JOHN R. EVANS. Grosse Pointe, Michigan; A.B. Psychology. JAMES C. EWING. North Aurora, Illinois; A.B. General Program. JOHN B. EXLINE. Columbus, Ohio; A.B. Economics. NEAL D. PAGAN. South Bend, Indiana; A.B. Sociology. PATRICK F. PAGAN. Short Hills, New Jersey; A.B. Communication Arts. RICHARD L. FAHERTY. Hackensack, New Jer- sey; A.B. General Program. NORMAN F. FAIRWEATHER. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma ; A.B. Government. D. PATRICK FALVEY. Knox, Indiana; A.B. English. RICHARD T. FALVEY. Niles, Michigan; B.B.A. Accounting. TIMOTHY R. FANGMAN. Omaha, Nebraska; B.S. Preprofessional. JOSEPH J. FARLEY. Stamford, Connecticut; B.B.A. Marketing. THOMAS F. FARLEY. Manchester, Vermont; A.B. Economics. JAMES M. FARR. Baldwin, New York; A.B. English. PETER T. FARRELL. Forest Hills, New York; A.B. History. JOSEPH S. FARRUGGIO. Bristol, Pennsylvania; A.B. Communication Arts. EDWARD T. FARRY. Sawyer A.F.B., Michigan; A.B. General Program. WALTER R. FEHST. Joliet, Illinois; B.B.A. Management. PHILIP T. FEOLA. Paterson, New Jersey; A.B. Government. FREDERICK J. FERLIC. Carroll, Iowa; B.S. Preprofessional. CHARLES C. FERRALL, JR. Larchmont, New York; B.S. Geology. THOMAS W. FERRATT, Muncie, Indiana; B.B.A. Accounting. 286 JOHN P. FESSLER. Sheboygan, Wisconsin; A.B. Economics. WALTER J. FILIPEK. South Bend, Indiana; B.S. Preprofessional. ROBERT W. FINNEGAN. Omaha, Nebraska ; B.S. Physics. MICHAEL FINNERTY. Pelham, New York; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. MARTIN J. FINO. North Plainfield, New Jer- sey; A.B. Psychology. JAY R. FIORILLO. Dobbs Ferry, New York; A.B. Economics. JAMES G. FISHBURNE. Washington, D.C.; A.B. Economics. THOMAS J. FITZHARRIS. Eastchester, New York; A.B. General Program. F. ELLIS FITZPATRICK. South Bend, Indiana ; B.B.A. Finance. PHILIP A. FITZPATRICK. Plainview, New York; B.B.A. Accounting. MICHAEL R. FLAHERTY. East Grand Rapids, Michigan; A.B. Government. HARRY F. FLANAGAN. Philadelphia, Pennsyl- vania; B.B.A. Accounting. WILLIAM L. FLEMING. Shaker Heights, Ohio; A.B. English. JOHN S. FLEMMING. Larthrup Village, Michi- gan; A.B. Economics. DANA J. FI.ORESTANO. Indianapolis, Indiana; B.Arch. Architecture. ROBERT B. FLOYD. Flossmoor, Illinois; B.B.A. Finance. GARY T. FLYNN. Schenectady, New York; A.B. Psychology. MICHAEL P. FLYNN. Indianapolis, Indiana; A.B. Economics. DENIS L. FOERST. Copley, Ohio; B.S. Prepro- fessional. WILLIAM J. FOLEY. Grosse Isle, Michigan; B.B.A. Management. THOMAS D. FOLLETT. Glen Ellyn, Illinois, B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. WILLIAM A. FOLLETTE. Scottsdale, Arizona; B.B.A. Management. BERNARD A. FONTAINE. Caracas, Venezuela; B.S. Electrical Engineering. H. MICHAEL FORD. New York, New York; A.B. Economics. JOHN T. FORD. Harrison, New Jersey; B.S. Electrical Engineering. SALVATORE V. FORGIONE, JR. New Haven, Con- necticut; B.B.A. Finance. STEVEN P. FORREST, JR. St. Louis, Missouri ; A.B. English. Louis J. FOURNIER. Cheboygan, Michigan; A.B. Economics. 287 JOHN T. FOWLER. Louisville, Kentucky; A.B. English. FRED C. FRANCO, JR. Newark, New Jersey; B.B.A. Accounting. JAMES C. FRANZEK. Harvey, Illinois; A.B. Government. CHARLES R. FRANGIAMORE. Norridge, Illinois; B.B.A. Marketing. RALPH E. FRARY. Visalia, California; A.B. Sociology. MICHAEL P. FRAZIER. Ithaca, New York; A.B. English. THOMAS A. FRERICKS. Marion, Ohio; A.B. Government. ANTHONY A. FRIEROTT. Minster, Ohio; A.B. History. MICHAEL R. FROST. South Bend, Indiana; A.B. English. JAMES H. FRYE. Vassar, Michigan; B.S. Preprofessional. JAMES E. FTICSAR. Allentown, Pennsylvania; B.S. Preprofessional. NEIL P. FULLAN. Elmhurst, Illinois; A.B. English. DAVID L. FULLER. Mt. Carmel, Illinois; B.S. Chemistry. PHILIP S. Fuoco. Delran, New Jersey; A.B. Philosophy. 288 PATRICK W. FUREY. Chevy Chase, Maryland ; A.B. Government. THOMAS E. FURLONG. Cleveland, Ohio; A.B. Preprofessional. MAURICIO R. GADALA-MARIA. San Salvador, El Salvador; B.B.A. Marketing. DENNIS J. GALLAGHER. Oswego, New York; A.B. English. WILLIAM T. GALLAGHER. Cincinnati, Ohio; B.S. Preprofessional. RONALD L. GALLUZZO. Springfield, Ohio; A.B. Sociology. FRANKLIN J. GALVIN. Pekin, Illinois; B.Arch. Architecture. THOMAS H. GARDNER. Cincinnati, Ohio; B.B.A. Accounting. RICHARD N. GARRISON. Bowling Green, Ken- tucky; B.S. Biology. PATRICK J. GARTLAND. Marion, Indiana; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. ALAN G. GASNER. West Seneca, New York; B.S. Preprofessional. JOHN T. GASSMAN. Valley City, North Dakota; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. JOHN J. GATTA. Schenectady, New York; A.B. English. RICHARD G. GAVIGAN. Albany, New York; B.B.A. Finance. WALTER GAZDAYKA. Fair Lawn, New Jersey; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. MARK W. GEH AN. St. Paul, Minnesota ; A.B. English. WILLIAM D. GEHL. Milwaukee, Wisconsin; A.B. Economics. JAMES P. GEMPERLE. Bound Brook, New Jer- sey ; B.S. Chemical Engineering. GARY J. GERKEN. Richmond, Indiana; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. JAMES R. GERMAN. Columbia, Missouri ; B.B.A. Accounting. GARY B. GHIGLIOTTI. Staten Island, New York; B.B.A. Finance. THOMAS E. GIBBS. Chicago, Illinois; A.B. History. RICHARD L. GIBNEY. Santa Ana, California ; B.S. Preprofessional. GEORGE C. GILDAY, C.S.C. Notre Dame, In- diana; A.B. Philosophy. JOHN S. GILFEATHER. Stamford, Connecticut; A.B. Sociology. CHARLES W. GILL. Washington, Indiana; A.B. Government. JOHN M. GILMOUR. Ridgewood, New Jersey; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. BRADLEY M. GLASS. Andrews, Indiana; A.B. English. 28O JOHN W. GLASSTETTER. Lakewood, Ohio; B.B.A. Finance. THOMAS G. GODBOOT, JR. Detroit, Michigan; B.B.A. Accounting. MICHAEL E. GODZIK. Chicago, Illinois; B.B.A. Accounting. GERALD J. GOETZ. Shaker Heights, Ohio; B.B.A. Marketing. THOMAS F. GOGAN. Frontenac, Missouri ; A.B. Sociology. THOMAS J. GOODENOW. Columbus, Ohio ; B.S. Preprofessional. LEONARD A. GOODER. Saint Covina, California ; A.B. Economics. PAUL A. GORE. Fort Lauderdale, Florida; LL.B. Law. THOMAS H. GORIN. East Hampton, Connecti- cut; B.S. Preprofessional. JAMES F. GORMAN. Newburgh, New York; A.B. Government. BRIAN J. GORMLEY. Lancaster, New Hamp- shire; A.B. Communication Arts. WILLIAM L. GORMLEY. Mays Landing, New Jersey; A.B. History. JAMES O. GORSKI. Rochelle, Illinois; B.B.A. Marketing. THOMAS E. GOUNDREY. Middletown, Connecti- cut; B.B.A. Accounting. CHARLES A. GRABLE. Oshkosh, Wisconsin; A.B. Economics. WILLIAM J. GRAHAM. New Orleans, Louisiana; B.S. Biology. MICHAEL D. GRANGER. Grosse Pointe, Michi- gan; A.B. Communication Arts. RONALD C. GRATZ. Absecon, New Jersey; B.S. Biology. RICHARD M. GREFF. Houston, Texas; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. VINCENT N. GREGGO. New Castle, Delaware; B.S. Civil Engineering. HUGH C. GRIFFIN. Chicago, Illinois; LL.B. Law. STEPHEN M. GRIFFIN. Teutopolis, Illinois; B.S. Chemical Engineering. JOHN A. GRIMA. Warren, Ohio; A.B. English. HENRY T. GRINVALSKY. Omaha, Nebraska; B.S. Chemistry. LAW RENCE A. GRUBER, JR. Houston, Texas; A.B. Modern Languages. THOMAS S. GUBANICH. Phoenixville, Pennsyl- vania; A.B. Economics. RICHARD T. GUEPE. Nashville, Tennessee; B.S. Metallurgy. MIGUEL G. GUERRA. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic; B.B.A. Management. PETER P. GUERRERA. Vandergrift, Pennsyl- vania; B.S. Preprofessional. R. PAUL GUILBAULT, JR. New Orleans, Louisi- ana; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. RICHARD Z. GUTOWSKI. Ambridge, Pennsyl- vania; A.B. Accounting. MICHAEL A. HABING. Indianapolis, Indiana; A.B. Economics. MICHAEL J. HAGAN. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; B.B.A. Accounting. EDMUND R. HAGGAR. Dallas, Texas; B.B.A. Management. FORREST A. HAINLINE. Detroit, Michigan; A.B. English. JAMES J. HALE. Fayetteville, Arkansas; B.B.A. Finance. DAVID F. HALEY. Hingham, Massachusetts; A.B. Economics. W. WALLACE HALL. Scarsdale, New York; B.B.A. Marketing. JOSEPH W. HAMMES. Scotch Plains, New Jersey; A.B. Political Science. MICHAEL J. HAMPSEY. Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- vania; A.B. Communication Arts. JAMES J. HANNIGAN. Crete, Illinois; B.S. Chemical Engineering. HOWARD W. HANSEN. Stanton, Nebraska; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. RICHARD L. HANSEN. Omaha, Nebraska ; B.S. Civil Engineering. THOMAS W. HANSEN. Waterloo, Iowa ; B.S. Preprofessional. WILLIAM C. HANSEN. Milwaukee, Wisconsin; B.B.A. Management. PAUL K. HARK INS. Jackson, Mississippi; B.B.A. Finance. DONALD G. HARRER. Morton Grove, Illinois; B.B.A. Finance. PATRICK J. HARRIS. Refugio, Texas; B.S. Electrical Engineering. 291 FRANKLIN D. HARSH. Hastings, Nebraska ; A.B. Aero-Space Engineering. DANIEL R. HARSHMAN. Toledo, Ohio; A.B. English. DANA L. HART. Coronado, California; B.S. Chemical Engineering. KEITH L. HARTLEY. Bloomfield Hills, Michigan; B.B.A. Accounting. JAMES R. HARVEY. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; A.B. English. ROBERT A. HARVEY. South Bend, Indiana ; A.B. Preprofessional. TIMOTHY J. HAULER. Cleveland, Ohio; B.B.A. Management. RICHARD W. HAVEL. Santa Monica, California; A.B. General Program. GEORGE T. HAWES. Greenville, Pennsylvania ; B.B.A. Accounting. LAWRENCE S. HAWKINS, C.S.C. Notre Dame, Indiana; B.S. Preprofessional. J. MICHAEL HEATON. Seneca, Illinois; A.B. History. LAWRENCE Y. S. HEE. Wake Island ; B.Arch. Architecture. WILLIAM T. HEIDEN, JR. Seaford Manor, New York; B.B.A. Accounting. ROBERT P. HEINEMAN. Connersville, Indiana ; A.B. General Program. ROBERT E. HEINEMANN. Greenlawn, New York; A.B. English. DOUGLAS W. HEISLER. Meadowbrook, Pennsyl- vania; A.B. Preprofessional. ANDREW P. HELLMUTH. Springfield, Ohio; B.B.A. Finance. MICHAEL F. HELMER. Chevy Chase, Maryland ; A.B. Government. RICHARD F. HENNESSEY. Jackson Heights, New York; LL.B. Law. JOHN A. HENDRICKS. Oak Park, Illinois; A.B. Psychology. BRUCE T. HENRY. Dixon, Illinois; B.B.A. Accounting. JOHN W. HERLEY. Niles, Illinois; B.B.A. Management. ROBERT W. HERR. Southgate, Michigan; LL.B. Law. TODD W. HERRICK. Elkhart, Indiana; B.B.A. Management. DAVID A. HESKIN. Elizabeth, New Jersey; B.S. Chemical Engineering. JAMES A. HICKEY. Hillsborough, California; A.B. Economics. BRIAN P. HIGGINS. Au Sable Forks, New York; B.S. Civil Engineering. MARTIN P. HIGGINS. Chicago, Illinois; B.B.A. Accounting. 292 I i! PAUL F. HIGGINS. Flossmoor, Illinois; A.B. General Program. RONALD E. HIPP. Wichita, Kansas; B.B.A. Accounting. THOMAS M. HOEY, JR. Brooklyn, New York; A.B. History- JAMES W. HOFFMAN. Eugene, Oregon; A.B. Government. JAMES E. HOFWEBER. Fairview Park, Ohio; B.S. Metallurgical Engineering. RICHARD A. HOGAN. Camp Hill, Pennsylvania; B.S. Preprofessional. JAMES R. HOKE. Fairborn, Ohio; B.B.A. Finance. WILLIAM L. HOLAHAN. Armonk, New York; B.S. Physics. ROBERT E. HOLSINGER. Fort Wayne, Indiana; B.F.A. Art. THOMAS 0. HOLSTEIN. Oak Lawn, Illinois; A.B. Economics. DENIS G. HOLTMEIER. Cincinnati, Ohio; B.B.A. Marketing. RONALD A. HOMER. Brooklyn, New York; A.B. Psychology. ANTHONY I. HOOPER. Fayetteville, New York; A.B. Government. GEORGE T. HORN. Columbia, Pennsylvania; B.B.A. Marketing. ROGER M. HORNING. South Bend, Indiana; A.B. Sociology. STEVEN G. HOTOVY. Dwight, Nebraska; B.S. Mathematics. KENNETH J. HOWARD. San Francisco, Califor- nia; A.B. Sociology. WALTER L. HRABAN. Stony Brook, New York; B.S. Electrical Engineering. JOSEPH R. HVBER. Beverly, Ohio; B.S. Electrical Engineering. EDWARD S. HUCK. Fond du Lac, Wisconsin; B.A. Psychology. THOMAS G. HUDSON. River Edge, New Jersey; B.S. Electrical Engineering. JOHN F. HUGHES. Moultrie, Georgia; B.B.A. Management. MICHAEL D. HUGHES. Phoenix, Arizona ; A.B. English. JOHN P. HULLIHAN. Riverside, Illinois; B.S. Biology. DENNIS A. HUNT. Huntington Station, New York; A.B. English. JAMES V. HUSON. Northbrook, Illinois; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. JAMES S. HUTCHINSON. Rockaway Park, New York; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. KENNETH P. IPPOLITO. Clifton, New Jersey; A.B. Economics. 293 MICHAEL J. IRWIN. Washington, Illinois; B.B.A. Marketing. MICHAEL A. Izzo. Manhasset, New York; A.B. History. THOMAS R. JANSEN. Kokomo, Indiana; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. NORMAN P. JEDDELOH. Mishawaka, Indiana; A.B. Economics. RICHARD S. JILOTY. Naperville, Illinois; A.B. Psychology. JAMES A. JOHNSON. Denver, Colorado; B.S. Chemical Engineering. KENNETH R. JOHNSON. Cleveland Heights, Ohio; A.B. English. ROBERT H. JOHNSON. Tulsa, Oklahoma; B.B.A. Management. TERRY R. JOHNSON. Saint Louis, Missouri; B.B.A. Management. ROBERT P. JONES. Raytown, Missouri; B.S. Preprofessional. RONALD W. JONES. Joliet, Illinois; B.S. Metallurgical Engineering. THOMAS J. JONES, C.S.C. Notre Dame, In- diana; A.B. History. WILLIAM E. JONES. Gary, Indiana; A.B. Modern Languages. DANIEL V. JORDAN. Sycamore, Illinois; A.B. English. MICHAEL E. JORDAN. Albuquerque, New Mexi- co; A.B. Government. RICHARD A. JURJEVIC. Chicago, Illinois; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. DAVID L. KABAT. Deerfield, Illinois; A.B. Government. KEVIN G. KADE. Manhasset, New York; B.B.A. Finance. PAUL J. KAISER. Euclid, Ohio; B.S. Mathematics. HERBERT C. KALER. Winchester, Massachusetts; A.B. Aero-Space Engineering. PATRICK J. KALLAL. Greenville, Illinois; B.B.A. Finance. JOHN F. KAMP. LeMars, Iowa; A.B. Communication Arts. THOMAS J. KAPACINSKAS. South Bend, In- diana; LL.B. Law. KARL L. KARANDY. Schenectady, New York; B.S. Preprofessional. WILLIAM M. KARNES. Lombard, Illinois; B.B.A. Finance. JAMES P. KAROL. Chicago, Illinois; B.B.A. Accounting. THOMAS J. KASSIN. Michigan City, Indiana; A.B. Government. KENNETH N. KAST. Indianapolis, Indiana; B.S. Mathematics. PATRICK J. KEENAN. Albany, Georgia; A.B. Economics. BRIAN F. KELLEHER. Garwood, New Jersey; A.B. History. MARK KELLEHER. Wethersfield, Connecticut; A.B. Government. BRIAN M. KELLER. Washington, D.C.; A.B. Economics. GREGORY J. KELLEY. Glen Ellyn, Illinois; B.B.A. Marketing. DENNIS M. KELLY. Cleveland, Ohio; LL.B. Law. DENNIS P. KELLY. Brooklyn, New York ; B.B.A. Accounting. GEORGE J. KELLY. Riverside, Connecticut; A.B. English. JOHN R. KELLY. Millington, New Jersey; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. MARK D. KELLY. Deerfield, Illinois; B.B.A. Marketing. RICHARD T. KELLY. Chicago, Illinois; B.F.A. Art. TERRANCE R. KELLY. Decorah, Iowa; LL.B. Law. THOMAS A. KELLY. Orange, Texas; B.B.A. Finance. WILLIAM P. KELL Y. Michigan City, Indiana; A.B. Economics. CHARLES P. KELSEY. Northfield, Illinois; B.B.A. Marketing. WILLIAM J. KENEALY. Chevy Chase, Maryland; A.B. Communication Arts. 295 BRIAN J. KENNY. Great Neck, New York; A.B. Aero-Space Engineering. JEFFREY J. KENTON. McHenry, Illinois; B.B.A. Finance. RICHARD A. KEPPNER, C.S.C. Notre Dame, Indiana; A.B. English. JOSEPH E. KERNAN. Washington, B.C.; A.B. Government. DAVID V. KERNICH. East Alton, Illinois; B.B.A. Marketing. RICHARD C. KEVIN. White Fish Bay, Wiscon- sin; A.B. Psychology. JEFFREY J. KEYES. Fort Lauderdale, Florida; A.B. Government. EDWARD F. KICKHAM. Saginaw, Michigan; A.B. History. HAROLD J. KIENA. Staten Island, New York; B.B.A. Finance. DAVID L. KIL. Indianapolis, Indiana ; A.B. Psychology. DAVID C. KILDUFF. Humboldt, Tennessee; B.S. Physics. DANIEL W. KIMBALL. Yonkers, New York ; B.B.A. Management. PETER T. KING. Jamaica, New York; LL.B. Law. STEPHEN L. KIRLIN. Buckingham, Iowa; A.B. Philosophy. GERALD H. KLEIN. Akron, Ohio; B.B.A. Accounting. RICHARD H. KLEIN. Dallas, Texas; A.B. English. ARNOLD J. KLINGENBERG. Columbus, Ohio; A.B. History. EDWARD J. KNACK. South Bend, Indiana ; B.B.A. Marketing. MACHAEL F. KNAPP. Oklahoma City, Okla- homa; B.S. Chemical Engineering. WILLIAM J. KNAPP. Sidney, New York; A.B. Preprofessional. 296 JAMES M. KNAUS. Detroit, Michigan; B.B.A. Management. THOMAS F. KNIGHT. Lincoln, Nebraska; B.S. Preprofessional. GERALD W. KNIPPER. Pensacola, Florida; B.B.A. Marketing. WALTER J. KNIPPER. Rochester, New York; B.B.A. Accounting. THOMAS K. KNOWLES. Chicago, Illinois; A.B. Sociology. RAFAEL E. KODESH. Santurce, Puerto Rico; A.B. Government. PETER M. KOGGE. Silver Spring, Maryland; B.S. Electrical Engineering. VINCENT L. KOHL, JR. Chicago, Illinois; A.B. English. ROBERT L. KOHORST. Arcadia, Iowa; A.B. General Program. ALFRED J. KOLOM. Springfield, Illinois; B.S. Preprofessional. RUDOLPH A. KONIECZNY, JR. Fairview, Massa- chusetts; A.B. English. JAMES G. KOPER. Wayne, New Jersey; B.S. Electrical Engineering. JOHN S. KORCSMAR. Olmsted Falls, Ohio; A.B. English. JOHN M. KORTE. Fort Wayne, Indiana; A.B. Government. MARK G. KOSLOW. East Chicago, Indiana; B.S. Physics. RICHARD E. KOTZENMACHER. South Bend, Indiana; A.B. Economics. JOHN C. KOWALSKI. South Haven, Michigan; B.S. Biology. PETER G. KOYAK. Spring Valley, Illinois; A.B. Communication Arts. JOHN T. KRIESE. Dallas, Texas; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. ROLF P. KRISTIANSEN. York, Pennsylvania ; A.B. Government. TIMOTHY W. KRISTL. Warsaw, Indiana ; LL.B. Law. STEPHEN P. KRIZMANICH. South Bend, In- diana; A.B. History. MICHAEL A. KRONK. Detroit, Michigan; A.B. Government. THOMAS K. KRULL. Webster Grove, Missouri ; B.S. Physics. ROBERT C. KUBIAK. Rochester, New York; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. JOHN A. KUKANKOS. Maywood, Illinois; A.B. English. MICHAEL H. KUNDERT. Appleton, Wisconsin; B.B.A. Accounting. STEVEN A. KUROWSKI. Gary, Indiana; A.B. Modern Languages. 297 RONALD P. KURTZ. Allentown, New Jersey; B.B.A. Marketing. MICHAEL A. KUZMICZ. South Bend, Indiana ; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. KENNETH J. LADNY. Bayonne, New Jersey; B.B.A. Accounting. WILLIAM T. LAFFEY. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; A.B. Government. MICHAEL J. LAFLIN. Clayton, Missouri; B.S. Chemistry. RICHARD L. LAFRANCE. Westport, Massachu- setts; B.B.A. Management. BRIAN J. LAKE. Michigan City, Indiana; A.B. Government. JAY R. LAMARCHE. Manchester, New Hamp- shire; B.B.A. Accounting. DAVID W. LANDO. Schenectady, New York; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. THOMAS R. LANGAN. White Plains, New York ; B.B.A. Accounting. LAWRENCE R. LANGE. Michigan City, Indiana ; B.B.A. Management. RONALD L. LANGMACHER. Mentor, Ohio; A.B. History. ROBERT S. LAPLANTE. Evansville, Indiana ; A.B. History. GERALD R. LAREAU. Indianapolis; Indiana; A.B. English. PETER J. LAREDDOLA. Elmhurst, New York; B.B.A. Finance. RONALD A. LARIMER. Charlotte, North Caro- lina; B.B.A. Finance. JAMES R. LARKIN. Pompton Plains, New Jer- sey; B.S. Chemical Engineering. TERRANCE E. LARKIN. Pierce City, Missouri; B.S. Civil Engineering. KENNETH P. LARSON. New Hyde Park, New York; B.B.A. Accounting. ROBERT H. LARSON. Alexandria, Virginia; B.S. Electrical Engineering. JAMES D. LA TERZA. San Jose, California ; A.B. History. JOSEPH P. LAVELLE. Detroit, Michigan; B.S. Physics. JOHN M. LAVIN. Schenectady, New York; B.S. Electrical Engineering. KEVIN J. LAVIN. Buffalo, New York; A.B. Mechanical Engineering. DESMOND F. LAWLER. Valley Cottage, New York; B.S. Civil Engineering. WILLIAM J. LEAHY. Dorchester, Massachusetts; A.B. Government. JOSEPH M. LEE. Leitchfield, Kentucky; B.S. Preprofessional. HARRY K. LEFOLDT, JR. Jackson, Mississippi; B.B.A. Accounting. c? 5oJ 298 If 4 JAMES D. LEGER, JR. Eureka, California; B.B.A. Accounting. MICHAEL G. LEHAN. Dunlap, Iowa; A.B. General Program. ARTHUR J. LENDO. Yardley, Pennsylvania; B.B.A. Finance. THOMAS J. LENNON. Brooklyn, New York; B.S. Mathematics. DAVID C. LENSING. Lake Providence, Louisi- ana; A.B. Economics. FRANCIS L. LENSKI. Peru, Illinois; A.B. History. ALFRED J. LEOTTA. New Hyde Park, New York; A.B. Philosophy. BRUCE LESCHER, C.S.C. Notre Dame, Indiana; A.B. English. JOHN J. LESKO. Clifton, New Jersey; B.B.A. Marketing. WILLIAM G. LESPERANCE. Essexville, Michigan; B.Arch. Architecture. EDWARD L. LEWIS. Jersey City, New Jersey ; A.B. Economics. P. TIMOTHY LEWIS. Gary, Indiana ; A.B. Psychology. JOHN J. LIBS. Benton Harbor, Michigan; B.B.A. Marketing. JAMES M. LIEBHERR. Toledo, Ohio; A.B. English. EDWARD T. LIEBLER. Terre Haute, Indiana; B.B.A. Accounting. MARK A. LIES. Riverside, Illinois; A.B. History. WILLIAM S. LINEHAN. Hillcrest Height, Mary- land; B.B.A. Accounting. TERRENCE G. LINNERT. Gates Mills, Ohio; B.S. Electrical Engineering. JAMES A. LISKA. Sewickley, Pennsylvania; B.B.A. Accounting. CARL P. LITTRELL. Louisiana, Missouri ; B.S. Civil Engineering. THOMAS M. LOARIE. Deerfield, Illinois; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. JAMES J. LOCHER. Monticello, Iowa; A.B. English. JOHN F. LOCHER. Cedar Rapids, Iowa; A.B. Government. PATRICK J. LONG. Irvington, New Jersey; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. JOHN A. LONGHI. Larchmont, New York; B.S. Geology. OWEN M. LOPEZ. Albuquerque, New Mexico; LL.B. Law. JEREMY B. LORDAN. Joliet, Illinois; B.S. Chemical Engineering. RICHARD W. LORENZ. Shelbyville, Indiana; B.S. Preprofessional. 299 JAMES M. LOVERDE. Melrose Park, Illinois; A.B. English. DOUGLAS S. LUBBERS. Ardsley, New York; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. BENEDICT J. LUCCHESE. White Plains, New York; B.B.A. Marketing. DANIEL E. LUNGREN. Longbeach, California; A.B. English. RICHARD E. LYMAN. Bethesda, Maryland; A.B. English. DAVID E. LYNCH. Toledo, Ohio; B. S. Mechanical Engineering. JOHN K. LYNCH. Jacksonville, Florida; Me- chanical Engineering. JAMES V. LYSAUGHT. Michigan City; B.S. Electrical Engineering. JOHN W. MACGILVRAY. Kankakee, Illinois; B.B.A. Management. LAWRENCE A. MACIARIELLO. Mechanicville, New York; B.B.A. Management. DUNCAN R. MACINTOSH. Manhasset, New York; B.S. Electrical Engineering. MICHAEL H. MACKIN. Kankakee, Illinois; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. THOMAS P. MADDEN. Libertyville, Illinois; B.B.A. Accounting. STEVE J. MADONNA. New Providence; New Jersey; LL.B. Law. RICHARD E. MAGINN. Massena, New York; B.B.A. Management. GERARD A. MAGHO. Scarsdale, New York; A.B. Economics. BERNARD L. MAHALAK. Wyandotte, Michigan ; B.B.A. Accounting. SEAN P. MAHAR. Pasadena, Texas; A.B. Government. CHARLES J. MAKER. Miami, Florida; B.F.A. Art. PATRICK J. MALLOY. Tulsa, Oklahoma; A.B. Government. LAWRENCE D. MALONEY. Kittanning, Pennsyl- vania; A.B. Communication Arts. JAMES P. MALOOLY. Glenview, Illinois; B.B.A. Management. JOSEPH B. MAN NELLY, JR. Augusta, Georgia; B.B.A. Finance. RICHARD L. MANNING. Niles, Illinois; LL.B. Law. ALFRED MANSOUR, JR. LaGrange, Georgia; B.B.A. Finance. OLIVER J. MARCELLI. Red Bank, New Jersey; A.B. Government. KENNETH R. MARINO. Corapolis, Pennsyl- vania; B.S. Geology. EDWARD J. MARSH. Park Ridge, Illinois; A.B. Government. VINCENT A. MARSICANO. New York, New York; A.B. English. DAVID K. MARTIN. Shawnee Mission, Kansas; A.B. Economics. ANTHONY C. MARTINO. Utica, New York; B.Arch. Architecture. FRANK C. MASHUDA. Lyndhurst, Ohio; A.B. English. JOHN M. MASLEY. Auburn, New York; B.S. Mathematics. LAURIE N. MATIASEVICH, JR. Watsonville, Cali- fornia; B.S. Preprofessional. CHARLES M. MATTEL Avoca, Pennsylvania; B.S. Civil Engineering. JOHN H. MAVES. Grand Forks, North Dakota; B.Arch. Architecture. MICHAEL P. MAY. Aurora, Illinois; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. ROBERT J. MAY. Williamsville, New York; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. MICHAEL X. Me ADAMS. Montclair, New Jersey; A.B. English. JOSEPH A. McARDLE, JR. South Bend, Indiana; B.B.A. Marketing. JERROLD J. McCABE. Grand Rapids, Michigan; A.B. Economics. LAWRENCE F. MCCAFFERY. Aurora, California ; A.B. Government. WILLIAM J. MCCAFFREY, JR. Milton, Massachu- setts; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. THOMAS W. McCANN. Chicago Illinois; A.B. Philosophy. BRIAN J. MCCARTHY. Verona, New Jersey; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. BRIAN T. MCCARTHY. North Augusta, South Carolina; A.B. English. DAVID W. MCCARTHY. Hickville, New York; LL.B. Law. JAMES R. MCCARTHY. Terre Haute, Indiana; A.B. Government. 301 KEVIN R. MCCARTHY. St. Louis, Missouri; A.B. English. MICHAEL DENNIS MCCARTHY. Elwood Park, Illinois; A.B. Preprofessional. MICHAEL C. MCCARTHY. Rockville, Maryland; A.B. Psychology. THOMAS I. McCLORY. Chicago, Illinois; A.B. Economics. THOMAS D. MCCLOSKEY, JR. Wynewood, Penn- sylvania; A.B. History. MICHAEL T. MCCORMICK. Honolulu, Hawaii; A.B. Economics. STEVEN D. MCCORMICK. St. Louis, Missouri; A.B. Economics. JACK T. McCoY. Medford Lakes, New Jersey; B.S. Chemical Engineering. JAMES J. McCoY. Niles, Ohio; B.S. Preprofessional. DAVID McCRACKEN. North Tonawanda, New York; B.S. Biology. JAMES A. McCuE. Shrewsbury, New Jersey; A.B. History. MICHAEL FRANCIS MCCULLOUGH. South Bend, Indiana; A.B. English. ROBERT S. MCDANIEL. Clayton, Missouri; B.S. Chemistry. THOMAS MCDERMOTT. Grand Rapids, Michi- gan; A.B. Economics. th 302 JOSEPH W. MCDONALD. Wappingers Falls, New York; B.B.A. Finance. ROBERT K. MCDONALD. Falmouth, Massachu- setts; B.B.A. Finance. SAMUEL G. MCDONALD. Alexandria, Virginia; B.S. Metallurgy. MICHAEL T. MCGARRY. Schenectady, New York; A.B. English. MICHAEL R. McGiLL. Hammond, Indiana; A.B. Economics. MATTHEW L. McGoucn. Florence, Alabama ; B.B.A. Management. T. DAVID McGovERN. Barrington, Illinois; A.B. Communication Arts. JOHN JOSEPH MCGRATH. Oak Park, Illinois; A.B. Philosophy. THOMAS J. MCGRATH. Westwood, New Jersey; B.S. Chemical Engineering. TIM J. McGREEVY. Sioux Falls, South Dakota; A.B. Government. AUSTIN REGAN McGuAN. Chicago, Illinois; B.S. Preprofessional. MICHAEL O. MCHARG. Cranford, New Jersey; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. MICHAEL P. MC!NTYRE. Allentown, Pennsyl- vania ; A.B. History. THOMAS E. MCKENNA. Chicago, Illinois; A.B. Sociology. THOMAS E. MCKENNA. Madison, Indiana; A.B. English. MICHAEL J. McKEON. Anaconda, Montana; A.B. Communication Arts. PATRICK J. MCMAHON. Forest Hills, New York; A.B. Economics. BRIAN J. McMANUS. Utica, New York; A.B. Government. MICHAEL P. MCMULLAN. Albuquerque, New Mexico; A.B. Economics. LEONARD L. McNuLTY. South Bend, Indiana; A.B. History. RICHARD F. MCPARTT.IN. Chicago, Illinois; B.S. Preprofessional. JOHN Q. McSHANE. University City, Missouri; A.B. Psychology. EUGENE T. MCSWEENETY. Needham, Massachu- setts; B.B.A. Management. J. BRIAN McTicuE. Fort Dodge. Iowa; A.B. History. JOHN M. MEANY. Garden City, New York; A.B. Economics. EDWARD A. MEATHE. Whittier, California; B.S. Electrical Engineering. FRANK M. MELEWICZ. Castro Valley, Califor- nia; B.S. Preprofessional. RANDALL C. MELZER. Menasha, Wisconsin; B.B.A. Management. 303 RONALD N. MENICHETTI. Endicott, New York; B.B.A. Management. FRANCIS W. MENTONE. Chicago, Illinois; A.B. Sociology. RONALD A. MESSINA. Shrewsbury, New Jersey; A.B. Government. ROBERT W. METZ. Ridgefield Park, New Je r- sey; B.S. Physics. WAYNE J. MICEK. Chicago, Illinois; B.B.A. Management. PATRICK G. MICHAELS. Fort Wayne, Indiana; B.B.A. Accounting. JAMES F. MIGAS. Amherst Junction, Wiscon- sin; A.B. Government. PHILIP J. MIKA. Youngstown, Ohio; B.S. Preprofessional. THOMAS A. MIKI.USAK. Hammond, Indiana; A.B. Preprofessional. JOHN G. MILCETICH. Alliance, Ohio; B.S. Mathematics. E. LAWRENCE MILLER. Mishawaka, Indiana; LL.B. Law. JOHN M. MILLER. Detroit, Michigan; B.S. Chemistry. JOHN T. MILLER, C.S.C. Notre Dame, Indiana; A.B. English. WILLIAM F. MILLER. Bronx, New York; B.B.A. Marketing. THOMAS J. MINGEY. Media, Pennsylvania; B.S. Civil Engineering. MICHAEL H. MINTON. Mount Prospect, Illinois; A.B. English. SAMUEL P. MISURACA. Detroit, Michigan; B.B.A. Finance. JAMES A. MIZERNY. Toledo, Ohio; A.B. General Program. JOHN J. MOLINELLI. Rock Island, Illinois; B.B.A. Finance. JOSEPH W. MONACO. Butler, Pennsylvania; B.B.A. Marketing. JAMES D. MOONEY. Ridgefield Park, New Jer- sey; B.S. Electrical Engineering. MICHAEL T. MOORE. Lima, Ohio; A.B. English. THOMAS P. MOORE. Elmwood Park, Illinois; B.B.A. Accounting. THOMAS S. MOORE. River Forest, Illinois; A.B. Communication Arts. VIRLYN B. MOORE. Atlanta, Georgia; A.B. History. JOHN D. MORAN. Peabody, Massachusetts; A.B. Economics. JOSEPH T. MORAN. Mount Prospect, Illinois; A.B. General Program. G. WILLIAM MORDAN. Cherry Hill, New Jersey ; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. 304 I i WlLLARD C. MORREY, JR. Riverdale, Illinois; B.S. Physics. PETER R. MORRIS. Columbus, Ohio; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. ALFRED M. MORRISON. Corry, Pennsylvania; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. J. DENNIS MORRISSEY. Little Rock, Arkansas; A.B. General Program. TIMOTHY H. MORRISSEY. Edina, Minnesota; A.B. Sociology. PHILIP G. MORROW. Louisville, Kentucky; B.S. Preprofessional. JOHN A. MOUNTCASTLE. Merrick, New York; B.B.A. Management. WALTER E. MOXIIAM, JR. Wilson, New York; A.B. Government. FRANK H. MOYE. Greenville, North Carolina; A.B. Economics. BRIAN R. MUDD. Baraboo, Wisconsin; B.B.A. Accounting. JAMES K. MULDOON. Sausalito, California ; A.B. Economics. JAMES H. MULFLUR. Sault Sainte Marie, Ontario; B.S. Mathematics. JOHN F. MULHALL. Bethesda, Maryland; A.B. Economics. JAMES A. MULHERN. Drexel Hill, Pennsylvania; B.S. Geology. TERRENCE E. MULLAN. East Durham, New York; B.B.A. Management. JOHN T. MULLIGAN. Shaker Heights, Ohio; A.B. History. THOMAS F. MULLIGAN. Naperville, Illinois; B.S. Civil Engineering. BRIAN F. MULLIN. Ayer, Massachusetts; B.B.A. Finance. MICHAEL J. MULLINS. Tacoma, Washington; B.B.A. Finance. STEPHEN R. MULVIHILL. Kankakee, Illinois; B.Arch. Architecture. 305 RAYMOND P. MUNCHMEYER. New Hyde Park, New York; B.B.A. Management. RICHARD J. MUNSCH. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; A.B. History. RICHARD A. HURLEY, JR. New Orleans, Louisiana; B.S. Civil Engineering. EDWARD S. MURPHY. Dixon, Illinois; B.S. Preprofessional. JAMES D. MURPHY. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; A.B. English. JOHN B. MURPHY. St. Louis, Missouri; B.S. Preprofessional. MURLAN J. MURPHY. Shaker Heights, Ohio; B.S. Chemical Engineering. ROBERT J. MURPHY. Chicago, Illinois; B.B.A. Accounting. THOMAS E. MURPHY. Kensington, Maryland; B.S. Preprofessional. FRANCIS 0. MURRAY. Newburyport, Massachu- setts; B.Arch. Architecture. FREDERICK 0. MURRAY. Granada Hills, California; B.B.A. Management. JEREMIAH J. MURRAY. Rochester, New York; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. MICHAEL D. MURRAY. Grosse Pointe Woods, Michigan ; A.B. Government. MICHAEL F. MURTAUGH. Melrose Park, Illinois; A.B. History. BRIAN F. MUSKUS. Sidney, Ohio; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. JOHN W. MUZYKA. East Meadow, New York; A.B. Psychology. JOHN T. MYERS. New Cumberland, Pennsyl- vania; B.B.A. Accounting. RUSSELL F. MEYERS. Morton, Illinois; B.B.A. Management. STEPHEN C. MYERS. Streator, Illinois; A.B. Government. RAYMOND L. MYLOTT, JR. Fair Haven, New Jersey; B.B.A. Management. RALPH G. NBAS. Brookfield, Wisconsin; A.B. History. THEODORE H. NEBEL. Oak Park, Illinois; A.B. Economics. THOMAS L. NELSON. Chicago, Illinois; B.S. Chemical Engineering. ROBERT J. NENOFF. Greensburg, Pennsylvania; B.B.A. Management. CHARLES J. NEUHAUSER. Potomac, Maryland; B.S. Electrical Engineering. DAVID J. NEUMAN. Bucyrus, Ohio; A.B. Architecture. PAUL F. NEUMAN. Needham, Massachusetts; B.B.A. Finance. LEO G. NIEDERMAN. Tucson, Arizona; B.S. Preprofessional. 306 JOHN A. NIEMITZ. Elm Grove, Wisconsin; A.B. Sociology. LEONARD E. NIESSEN. Great Neck, New York; A.B. Electrical Engineering;. THOMAS H. NOETHEN. Jackson, Michigan; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. PETER J. NOONAN. Lee, Massachusetts; A.B. Sociology. ROBERT W. NOONAN. Wellesley, Massachusetts; A.B. Government. RICHARD W. NOREN. Villa Park, Illinois; B.S. Chemistry. RAYMOND W. NOVACO. Fort Lauderdale, Florida; A.B. Psychology. EDWARD J. NOVAK. South Bend, Indiana; B.B.A. Marketing. PAUL T. NOWAK. Treasure Island, Florida; A.B. English. JAMES P. NULTY. Grand Rapids, Michigan; B.F.A. Art. WILLIAM L. NUNGESSER, JR. Cleveland Heights, Ohio; A.B. Sociology. DANIEL M. OBIALA. Chicago, Illinois; B.B.A. Management. JOHN G. O ' BRIEN. Mount Prospect, Illinois; A.B. History. JOHN R. O ' BRIEN. Hillsdale, New Jersey; B.B.A. Accounting. ROBERT E. O ' BRIEN. Wakefield, Massachusetts; A.B. History. TIMOTHY M. O ' BRIEN. Wilmette, Illinois; A.B. Modern Languages. CHARLES D. O ' CONNOR. Shelbyville, Indiana; A.B. Sociology. CRAIG V. O ' CONNOR. Livingston, New Jersey; A.B. History. JOHN D. O ' CONNOR. Indianapolis, Indiana ; A.B. Government. MICHAEL J. ODDOU. Tiffin, Ohio; B.S. Biology. STEPHEN L. ODGERS. Claremont, California; LL.B. Law. JOHN J. O ' DoNNELL. Yonkers, New York; B.B.A. Accounting. TIMOTHY J. O ' FARRELL. Columbus, Ohio; A.B. Theology. MARTIN J. O ' HAGAN. Garden City, New York; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. MICHAEL D. O ' HANLON. Rensselaer, New York; A.B. Government. JOHN C. O ' HARA. Flushing, New York; A.B. English. DENNIS J. O ' HARE. Highland Park, New Jersey; A.B. Psychology. FRANK J. O ' KEEFE. Piqua, Ohio; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. RICHARD P. OLDANI. Joliet, Illinois; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. THOMAS M. O ' LEARY. Columbus, Ohio; A.B. Economics. GARRETT W. OLNEY. Oakland, California; A.B. Government. MICHAEL J. OLSON. Rio De Janeiro, Brazil; A.B. Government. HUGH O. O ' MALLEY. Mishawaka, Indiana; A.B. Economics. THOMAS J. O ' MARA. Runnemede, New Jersey; A.B. Government. W. PAUL O ' MARA. Yonkers, New York; A.B. Sociology. DENNIS R. O ' MEARA. Los Angeles, California ; B.S. Chemical Engineering. MICHAEL J. O ' REILLY. Lafayette, Indiana ; A.B. English. THOMAS K. O ' REILLY. Springfield, Virginia ; A.B. English. FRANK M. ORGA. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; B.B.A. Marketing. JAMES S. O ' RouRKE. Billings, Montana; B.B.A. Management. WILLIAM E. O ' SHAUGHNESSY. South Sioux City, Nebraska; B.S. Physics. EUGENE P. OTTO. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania; B.S. Preprofessional. PATRICK P. PACELLA. Campbell, Ohio; LL.B. Law. TIMOTHY E. PACKEY. Lake Ronkonkoma, New York; A.B. General Program. 308 J- V i JOHN PAIGE, C.S.C. Notre Dame, Indiana; B.S. Physics. G. BRUCE PAPESH. East Lansing, Michigan; A.B. Economics. DANIEL L. PARACCHINI. Valley Stream, New York; B.B.A. Marketing. HERBERT B. PARKER. Midland, Texas; A.B. Government. GABRIEL I. PASOS. Granada, Nicaragua; B.S. Chemical Engineering. MICHAEL J. PASQUINELLI. Evergreen Park, Illinois; B.B.A. Finance. RONALD R. PASSARELLI. Trinidad, Colorado; B.Arch. Architecture. DAVID F. PAUL. Westborough, Massachusetts ; A.B. Preprofessional. JOHN H. PEARSON, C.S.C. Blue Island, Illinois; A.B. Psychology. JACK PELACCIO. Scarsdale, New York; B.S. Preprofessional. LEONARD J. PELLECCHIA. Newark, New Jersey; B.B.A. Finance. JOHN S. PENOTE. Shaker Heights, Ohio; A.B. Sociology. DAVID R. PERCIO. Eastlake, Ohio; B.S. Elec- trical Engineering. JOHN S. PERCINE. Norristown, Pennsylvania; B.B.A. Marketing. JAMES R. PERKINS. Oconomowoc, Wisconsin; B.Arch. Architecture. JEFFREY T. PERO. Rochester, New York; A.B. Government. BRIAN E. PETERS. Brooklyn, New York; B.S. Civil Engineering. JOSEPH C. PETRO. Garden City, New York; B.B.A. Accounting. EDWARD J. PHILBIN. Clinton, Massachusetts; A.B. Modern Languages. MICHAEL J. PHILBIN. Nashville, Tennessee; A.B. Economics. JOEL W. PHILLIPS. Tampa, Florida; B.S. Preprofessional . JOHN H. PHILLIPS. Albany, New York; A.B. Communication Arts. THOMAS J. PHILLIPS. Birmingham, Michigan ; B.B.A. Accounting. WILLIAM J. PHIPPARD. Hinsdale, Illinois; A.B. History. DAVID C. PIERMAN. Ottawa, Ohio; A.B. Government. Louis D. PIETRAGALLO. Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- vania; B.S. Preprofessional. Louis F. PIGNATELLI. Rock Falls, Illinois; A.B. Government. IGNATIUS M. PIOTROWIAK. South Bend, Indiana; A.B. Psychology. 309 DENNIS E. PISULA. Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. RICHARD J. PIVNICKA. Riverside, Illinois; B.B.A. Accounting. JOHN W. PLENNERT. Chicago, Illinois; B.Arch. Architecture. WILLIAM S. PODD. Greenwich, Connecticut; A.B. Government. RICHARD J. POLITI. East Arlington, Massachu- setts; B.B.A. Marketing. ALAN E. POLLOCK. Merrick, New York; B.S. Civil Engineering. ALEJANDRO POMBO. Bogata, Colombia; B.S. Chemical Engineering. DAVID J. POMPO. Fraser, Michigan ; B.S. Biology. RICHARD A. PORACH. Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- vania; A.B. History. KENNETH M. POWAGA. Chicago, Illinois; B.S. Engineering Science. JOSEPH F. PRATT. Indianapolis, Indiana; A.B. Commun ication Arts. ROBERT A. PRELLWITZ. LaPorte, Indiana; B.F.A. Fine Arts. THOMAS A. PRESTON. Grand Rapids, Michigan; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. JOHN E. PRICKETT. Fort Lauderdale, Florida; B.S. Chemistry. ROBERT C. PTAK. Cicero, Illinois; B.B.A. Accounting. BRUCE A. PUBLICOVER. Arlington, Massachu- setts; A.B. Sociology. JOHN V. Pure. Laredo, Texas; B.B.A. Management. JOHN R. PUSEY. Belief ontaine, Ohio; LL.B. Law. KEVIN G. QUINN. Delray Beach, Florida; B.B.A. Management. STEPHEN T. QUINN. Northfleld, Illinois; A.B. Economics. TERRENCE J. QUINN. Oak Park, Illinois; B.B.A. Accounting. ROBERT T. RAAF. Brookfield, Wisconsin; B.B.A. Accounting. EDWARD F. RAFFO. Glen Rock, New Jersey; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. PAUL A. RAMSEY. Yellow Springs, Ohio; A.B. English. ROBERT C. RAMSEY. Independence, Missouri; A.B. Economics. ROBERT J. RANKEL. Ridgewood, New York; B.S. Preprofessional. GERALD J. RAPIEN. Granger, Indiana; LL.B. Law. RICHARD L. RASCHIATORE. East Rochester, New York; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. 31O I i KEVIN W. RASSAS. Winnetka, Illinois; A.B. Economics. PHILIP A. RATHWEG. Dayton, Ohio; A.B. Economics. TIMOTHY J. RAUSCH. Cold Spring, Minnesota; A.B. Sociology. MICHAEL J. READY. Monroe, Michigan; A.B. English. STEVEN A. RECHTSTEINER. Cincinnati, Ohio; B.Arch. Architecture. RICHARD L. REDDY. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; B.B.A. Marketing. DENNIS H. REEDER. Columbus, Ohio; A.B. English. THOMAS P. REEDER. Park Ridge, Illinois; B.F.A. Fine Arts. THOMAS REICHENBACH. West Acton, Massachu- setts; B.S. Chemistry. HEINRICH C. REITZUG. Fort Wayne, Indiana ; B.S. Preprofessional. GEORGE F. RESTOVICH. Shreveport, Louisiana; A.B. English. DAVID J. RIEHL. Raleigh, North Dakota; B.S. Electrical Engineering. JACK A. RIESS, JR. Livonia, Michigan; B.S. Preprofessional. ROBERT M. RILEY. Scranton, Pennsylvania ; B.S. Preprofessional. PAUL A. RITTMAN. Cheektowaga, New York; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. JOHN R. RIVERS. Cincinnati, Ohio; A.B. Government. J. ROBERT ROARK. Bushnell, Illinois; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. Louis K. ROBARDS. Louisville, Kentucky; A.B. English. JORGE R. ROBERT. Santurce, Puerto Rico; B.B.A. Finance. DONALD F. ROBERTS. Punxsutawney, Pennsyl- vania; B.B.A. Management. PAUL D. ROBILLARD. Fitchburg, Massachusetts; B.S. Civil Engineering. JORGE ROCAFORT. Santruce, Puerto Rico; B.S. Electrical Engineering. JOHN L. ROCHE. Lake Forest, Illinois; A.B. Government. THOMAS J. ROCHE. Corry, Pennsylvania; B.B.A. Finance. STEPHEN L. RODGERS. Columbus, Missouri; A.B. English. CHARLES R. ROEHRIG. Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- vania; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. CHRISTOPHER ROGERS. Winnetka, Illinois; B.B.A. Management. CORNELIUS S. ROGERS. Rockaway Park, New York; A.B. English. RICHARD J. ROGERS. Rockaway Park, New York; A.B. Sociology. JOSEPH H. ROMAN. Pennsauken, New Jersey; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. PAUL A. ROMANSKI. Western Springs, Illinois; A.B. Sociology. JOHN M. ROSKOS. Rapid City, South Dakota; B.S. Preprofessional. ROBERT R. Rossi. Mishawaka, Indiana; LL.B. Law. STEVEN G. ROTH MEIER. Raribault, Minnesota; B.B.A. Marketing. JOHN P. ROWE. Elgin, Illinois; LL.B. Law. ROGER B. ROWLES. Martin City, Montana; A.B. Preprofessional. 312 RONALD A. RUSKO. Joliet, Illinois; B.S. Preprofessional. WILLIAM B. Russo. Berkeley Heights, New Jersey; B.S. Chemistry. MICHAEL C. RYAN. Waldwick, New Jersey; B.S. Civil Engineering. MICHAEL J. RYAN. Hamilton, Ohio; A.B. Sociology. THOMAS P. RYAN. Edina, Minnesota; A.B. Government. ALAN F. RYCHLIK. Northbrook, Illinois; B.B.A. Marketing. JAMES R. RYMSZA. Detroit, Michigan ; B.B.A. Accounting. MARK A. SABOL. Solon, Ohio; B.S. Geology. STEPHEN K. SACKLEY. Chicago, Illinois; B.B.A. Finance. THOMAS J. SADOWSKI. Cleveland, Ohio; B.S. Electrical Engineering. RALPH J. SALVUCCI. Newton, Massachusetts; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. JOHN F. SANDNER. Chicago, Illinois; LL.B. Law. BROTHER JOSEPH A. SANTO. South Bend, In- diana; A.B. Modern Languages. WILLIAM G. SARM. Tiburon, California; B.B.A. Marketing. THOMAS J. SARMIR. Ramsey, New Jersey; B.B.A. Management. JAMES L. SAUTER. Oak Park, Michigan; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. RICHARD P. SAWYER. Silver Spring, Maryland ; A.B. Sociology. PAUL J. SCALETTA. Chicago, Illinois; B.S. Electrical Engineering. PHILIP L. SCAROLA. Monroeville, Pennsylvania; B.B.A. Marketing. JAMES L. SCHAEFFER. McLean, Virginia; A.B. General Program. MICHAEL P. SCHAEFER. Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- vania ; A.B. Government. HENRY J. SCHANK. Des Plaines, Illinois; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. BRIAN P. SCHANNING. Eastchester, New York; B.S. Electrical Engineering. THOMAS F. SCHENCK. Garden City, New York; A.B. Economics. N. JOHN SCHENKEL. Fort Wayne, Indiana; B.B.A. Accounting. THOMAS E. SCHETTER. Fostoria, Ohio; A.B. Music. JAMES A. SCHINDLER. Buffalo, New York; B.B.A. Accounting. RICHARD A. SCHLAFF. Dearborn, Michigan; A.B. Government 313 RICHARD R. SCHLEEF. Valley Stream, New York; B.S. Electrical Engineering. NICHOLAS J. SCHMADER. Massillon, Ohio; B.S. Physics. JOHN M. SCHMELZER. Barnesville, Georgia; A.B. Government. CHARLES T. SCHMITT. Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- vania; A.B. Architecture. Louis C. SCHMITT. Lafayette, Indiana; B.B.A. Accounting. WILLIAM R. SCHNORENBERG. Rockford, Illinois; B.B.A. Management. THOMAS R. SCHOEN. Euclid, Ohio; A.B. Com- munication Arts. GENE N. SCHRAEDER. Pleasantville, New Jer- sey; B.B.A. Finance. WILLIAM J. SCHROEDER. Lombard, Illinois ; A.B. Economics. DONALD P. SCHUG. Southampton, New York; B.S. Electrical Engineering. THOMAS J. SCHULTE. Cleveland, Ohio; B.B.A. Finance. STEPHEN J. SCHULTZ. Alma, Wisconsin ; B.S. Physics. THOMAS J. SCHWAB. Middleton, Wisconsin; B.B.A. Accounting. JOSEPH M. SCOTT. Lexington, Kentucky; B.B.A. Accounting. RONALD E. SCOTTI. Ardsley, New York; B.S. Physics. THOMAS C. SCRIMA. Gloversville, New York; A.B. Sociology. JOHN SCRIPP. Chicago, Illinois; LL.B. Law. THOMAS F. SCULLY, IV. Glencoe, Illinois; A.B. Political Science. VINCENT C. SCULLY, III. Highland Park, Illi- nois; B.B.A. Finance. WILLIAM H. SEALL. South Bend, Indiana; LL.B. Law. 17k IT 4T 4lk JAMES H. SECKINGER. New Rockford, North Dakota; LL.B. Law. EDWARD A. SHAE. Buenos Aires, Argentina; A.B. Economics. PATRICK E. SHAL. Muncie, Indiana; A.B. English. DANIEL J. SHANNON. Brookville, Pennsylvania; B.B.A. Management. PATRICK S. SHARP. Richmond, Virginia; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. KEVIN R. SHEA. Braintree, Massachusetts; A.B. Architecture. FRANK A. SHEEHAN, JR. Tucson, Arizona; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. ROBERT D. SHEEHAN, JR. Tulsa, Oklahoma ; A.B. Civil Engineering. THOMAS G. SHERER. Indianapolis, Indiana; A.B. Sociology. THOMAS P. SHERIDAN. Rego Park, New York; A.B. English. JON D. SHERRY. Toledo, Ohio; A.B. Government. JOHN A. SICILIANO. Arlington, Virginia; B.B.A. Finance. ROBERT J. SIDMAN. Cleveland Heights, Ohio; LL.B. Law. MELVIN J. SIKKS. Peoria, Illinois; B.Arch. Architecture. CHESTER L. SIMMONS. Chicago, Illinois; B.B.A. Management. DENNIS L. SIMON. Vincennes, Indiana; B.B.A. Accounting. CHARLES J. SIMONS. South Miami, Florida; B.B.A. Finance. MARK SIMPSON. South Fort Mitchell, Ken- tucky; A.B. Sociology. JASJIT SINGH. New Delhi, India; B.B.A. Management. WILLIAM C. SISKA. Chicago, Illinois; A.B. English. JOHN C. SrvERD. Franklin Lakes, New Jersey; B.B.A. Finance. ALAN J. SKINNER. Richmond, Michigan; B.B.A. Accounting. WOODROW R. SKOGLUND. Worcester, Massachu- setts; B.S. Electrical Engineering. THOMAS P. SKUBE. Oak Lawn, Illinois; B.S. Electrical Engineering. JOHN T. SLANKAS. Lawrenceburg, Tennessee; B.S. Chemical Engineering. NORBERT P. SLIWINSKI. Chicago, Illinois; A.B. Philosophy. STANLEY F. SMAZAL. Davenport, Iowa; B.S. Preprofessional. LLOYD W. SMITH. Panama City, Panama; A.B. Economics. 315 NORMAN P. SMITH. Tiffin, Ohio; LL.B. Law. ROBERT W. SMITH. Chillicothe, Ohio; B.S. Metallurgical Engineering. WARREN F. SMITH. River Forest, Illinois; A.B. Government. WILLIAM E. SMITH, JR. Peoria, Illinois; B.B.A. Management. JAMES L. SMITHBERGER. Grundy, Virginia; B.B.A. Management. STUART L. SNOW. Notre Dame, Indiana; A.B. English. THOMAS 0. SOMMERS. Flushing, New York; A.B. English. ERWIN H. SORENSEN. Batavia, Illinois; A.B. Philosophy. AFOLABI S. SORINMADE. Abeokuta, Nigeria; B.S. Chemical Engineering. ANDREW C. SOSSONG. Cheshire, Connecticut; B.B.A. Marketing. ROBERT M. SPADARO. Brooklyn, New York; A.B. Government. VINCENT J. SPAGNOLO. Revere, Massachusetts; B.B.A. Finance. RICHARD J. SPENCER. Michigan City, Indiana; B.B.A. Management. WALTER J. SPERKO. Hammond, Indiana; A.B. Mechanical Engineering. THOMAS W. SPINRAD. Albany, New York; B.S. Preprofessional. THOMAS A. SPOLARICH. Clarendon Hills, Illinois; A.B. History. MICHAEL T. STACK. Griffith, Indiana; B.S. Biology. JOHN H. STAFFORD. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; B.S. Preprofessional. PHILIP D. STALIONS. South Bend, Indiana; A.B. History. WILLIAM CLARK STANTON. Tulsa, Oklahoma; A.B. History. JAMES P. STARE. Canton, Ohio; B.F.A. Fine Arts. ROBERT S. STARK. Birmingham, Michigan; A.B. Government. MICHAEL J. STEPHAN. Chicago, Illinois; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. MICHAEL J. STERLING. Williamsport, Pennsyl- vania; B.B.A. Accounting. GEORGE F. STEVENS, JR. Elwood, Indiana; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. ALLAN D. STOCKER. Skokie, Illinois; A.B. Communication Arts. THOMAS J. STOCKMAN. Shelbyville, Illinois; B.B.A. Accounting. MARTIN E. STOEHR. Clearwater, Florida; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. 316 JAMES C. STOFFEL. Rochester, New York; B.S. Electrical Engineering. JOSEPH J. STOLLAR. Akron, Ohio; A.B. Sociology. RICHARD L. STORATZ. Buderich-Dusseldorf, West Germany; A.B. Government. T. BRIAN STRACHAN. Louisville, Kentucky; B.B.A. Accounting. GREGORY J. STRICK. Kansas City, Kansas; A.B. Government. JAMES T. STRZELECKI. Michigan City, Indiana; B.B.A. Accounting. JEFFREY W. STUART. Imperial Beach, Califor- nia; A.B. Sociology. ALBERT W. STUCHLIK. Bonner Springs, Kan- sas; A.B. Communication Arts. PAUL F. STULGAITIS. Fort Lee, New Jersey; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. PAUL J. SUCATO. Lake Bluff, Illinois; B.S. Engineering Science. BRIAN P. SULLIVAN. River Forest, Illinois; A.B. Communication Arts. EDWARD J. SULLIVAN. Jacksonville, Florida; B.B.A. Marketing. JAMES A. SULLIVAN. Rego Park, New York; B.B.A. Marketing. JOHN F. SULLIVAN. Passaic, New Jersey; A.B. History. PATRICK G. SULLIVAN. Denver, Colorado; A.B. Psychology. ROBERT G. SULLIVAN. Wayland, New York ; A.B. Economics. STEVEN C. SULLIVAN. Barksdale A.F.B., Louis- iana; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. PAUL J. SUR. Gary, Indiana; B.B.A. Accounting CHARLES K. SWANSON. Chicago, Illinois; B.B.A. Finance. RICHARD J. SWEENEY. Convent, New Jersey; B.B.A. Finance. WILLIAM J. SWEETMAN. Litchfield, Connecticut; B.B.A. Accounting. PAUL M. SWENSON. Huntington, New York ; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. THOMAS M. SWOYER. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; A.B. Preprofessional. THOMAS A. T ALECK. Denver, Colorado; B.B.A. Management. JOHN R. TARASCIO. Bloomfield, Connecticut; B.B.A. Finance. Rocco F. TARASI, II. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; B.S. Preprofessional. DAVID D. TARKOWSKI. New Kensington, Penn- sylvania; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. JAMES E. TATE. East Weymouth, Massachu- setts; A.B. Economics. 317 EMIL J. TEJKOWSKI. Chicago, Illinois; B.S. Electrical Engineering. WILLIAM R. TEPE, SR. Cincinnati, Ohio; LL.B. Law. VINCENT B. TERLEP, JR. Elkhart, Indiana ; A.B. English. GREGORY P. TERRANOVA. Whiting, Indiana; B.B.A. Finance. HUGH J. TERRERI. Morristown, New Jersey; A.B. Economics. HENRY A. TERWEDOW. North Bergen, New Jersey; B.S. Preprofessional. THOMAS L. THEIS. Chicago, Illinois; B.S. Civil Engineering. DENNIS C. THELEN. Middle Village, New York; LL.B. Law. BROTHER JOSEPH E. THILMAN. Notre Dame, Indiana; A.B. English. GEORGE T. THOMPSON. Downey, California; B.B.A. Accounting. MICHAEL D. THOMPSON. Evansville, Indiana; B.B.A. Accounting. J. MICHAEL THORNDIKE. Omaha, Nebraska; B.B.A. Finance. GEOFFREY. V. THORNTON. Syosset, New York; A.B. Sociology. GARY L. Ticus. Chicago, Illinois; B.S. Physics. JAMES E. TIDGEWELL. Orange, California; B.B.A. Accounting. JOHN A. TILELLI. Syosset, New York; B.S. Physics. JAMES V. TITO. Des Plaines, Illinois; B.S. Preprofessional. EDWARD F. TOBIA. New York, New York; A.B. English. MICHAEL A. TOMASULO. Alhambra, California; B.B.A. Accounting. CLIFFORD P. TOMASZEWSKI. Chicago, Illinois; A.B. Psychology. JOHN K. TONSMEIRE. Westwood, New Jersey; B.B.A. Marketing. DENNIS M. TOOLAN. River Forest, Illinois; A.B. Mathematics. PETER E. TOOMEY. Lakewood, Ohio ; A.B. Communication Arts. PAUL B. TORELL. North Palm Beach, Florida ; B.B.A. Finance. JOHN B. TRACY. Evergreen Park, Illinois; A.B. Economics. ANDREW F. TRANOVICH. Reading, Pennsyl- vania; LL.B. Law. MICHAEL L. TROMBETTA. Santa Rosa, Califor- nia; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. MICHAEL W. TROYER. South Bend, Indiana; B.S. Electrical Engineering. 318 I I ARTHUR C. TUTELA. Short Hills, New Jersey; A.B. Sociology. MICHAEL A. TYRRELL. Calumet City, Illinois; A.B. Economics. THOMAS E. UMPHREY. Port Arthur, Texas; A.B. English. BARRY D. UTSINGER. Bronx, New York; A.B. Preprofessional. ARNOLD J. VANCE. New Castle, Pennsylvania; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. JOHN C. VANDE VOORDE. Chamberlain, South Dakota; B.S. Mathematics. ALAN F. VANHUFFEL. South Bend, Indiana; B.B.A. Marketing. PAUL B. VATTEROTT. Creve Coeur, Missouri; A.B. Government. DAVID P. VECCHIA. Warwick, Rhode Island; A.B. History. CHARLES L. VEHORN. Dayton, Ohio; A.B. Economics. GEORGE M. VELAN. Riverside, Illinois; B.S. Engineering Science. JOHN B. VENHOFF. Louisville, Kentucky; A.B. Government. FLORENT A. VERVAET. Mishawaka, Indiana ; B.B.A. Accounting. ANTHONY L. VIGNALI. Toluca, Illinois; B.B.A. Marketing. RICHARD J. VITA. Maiden, Massachusetts; B.B.A. Management. THOMAS W. VOGLEWEDE. Birmingham, Mich- igan ; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. ROBERT K. WAJSZCZUK. Nutley, New Jersey; A.B. Sociology. EDWIN M. WALKER. South Bend, Indiana; B.S. Mathematics. ANDREW C. WALLACE. Clifton, New Jersey; B.S. Chemical Engineering. PAUL J. WALLACE. Chicago, Illinois; B.B.A. Accounting. JOSEPH J. WALLEN. Titusville, Pennsylvania; B.B.A. Finance. JOHN J. WALSH. River Forest, Illinois; A.B. English. MATTHEW M. WALSH. Chicago, Illinois; A.B. English. MYLES J. WALSH. Huntington, New York; B.B.A. Marketing. LAWRENCE P. WALTER. Cincinnati, Ohio; B.B.A. Marketing. JOHN L. WALTERS. Hendersonville, North Carolina; A.B. English. KENNETH J. WARBURTON. Hempstead, New York; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. DAVID P. WARD. Peoria, Illinois; B.S. Preprofessional. GREGORY M. WARD. Pearl City, Hawaii ; A.B. Communication Arts. MARK T. WARD. Paducah, Kentucky; A.B. Government. THOMAS M. WARD. Monongahela, Pennsyl- vania; LL.B. Law. THOMAS F. WARNER. Syracuse, New York; B.B.A. Management. DANIEL G. WAYNE. Chicago, Illinois; B.S. Electrical Engineering. PETER H. WAYNE. Grosse Point, Michigan; B.S. Preprofessional. JOSEPH R. WEAVER. Dallas, Texas; A.B. English. WILLIAM R. WEDRAL. LaGrange, Illinois; B.B.A. Management. STEPHEN C. WEEG. Rockford, Illinois; A.B. General Program. THOMAS E. WEIFORD. Mission Hills, Kansas; B.B.A. Finance. WILLIAM R. WEILER. Woodside, New York; A.B. English. BROTHER DAVID WEINBERG, C.S.C. New York, New York; A.B. English. CHARLES A. WEISS. Perryville, Missouri; LL.B. Law. KENNETH J. WEJMAN. Glenview, Illinois; B.B.A. Accounting. LEO V. WELSH, JR. Jamestown, New York; B.B.A. Accounting. THOMAS G. WENDEL. Highland Park, Illinois; A.B. Government. JOHN O. WENTLING. Annville, Pennsylvania; B.B.A. Finance. THOMAS J. WEYER. Chicago, Illinois ; B.B.A. Finance. RAYMOND L. WHEATLEY. Indianapolis, Indiana ; B.B.A. Marketing. JAN M. WHITACRE. Muscatine, Iowa; A.B. Psychology. 320 ' w JOHN A. WHITE. Pompton Plains, New Jersey; B.B.A. Accounting. RALPH P. WHITE. Oak Park, Illinois; A.B. Preprofessional. MICHAEL H. WHITING. Lathrup Village, Mich- igan; B.B.A. Management. JOHN R. W HOLEY. Fayetteville, New York; B.S. Electrical Engineering. ALVIE G. WIDDIFIELD. El Paso, Texas ; B.Arch. Architecture. PAUL M. WIDZOWSKI. Cohoes, New York; A.B. Sociology. EDWARD J. WILBRAHAM. Swedesboro, New Jersey; B.B.A. Finance. ROBERT J. WILCZEK. Chicago, Illinois; LL.B. Law. ROBERT P. WILDES, JR. New London, Connecti- cut; B.B.A. Management. JEFFREY N. WILKINS. Los Angeles, California; A.B. Preprofessional. TERRY J. WILKINS. Wauwatosa, Wisconsin; B.S. Preprofessional. JOHN T. WILLIAMS. Chicago, Illinois; A.B. History. WILLIS F. WILLIAMS. Philadelphia, Pennsyl- vania; B.B.A. Finance. DONALD F. WILTBERGER. Kenmore, New York ; B.B.A. Accounting. 321 ROBERT J. BONDARENKO. New Milford, New Jersey; B.B.A. Management. JOHN W. BRODERICK. St. Louis, Missouri; B.B.A. Finance. STANLEY M. BROWN, JR. New York, New York; A.B. Sociology. MAURICIO CANO. Medeuin, Columbia; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. MICHAEL R. CARTY. Geneva, New York; B.B.A. Marketing. LAWRENCE E. CONSTANTIN. Hawthorne, New Jersey; B.B.A. Marketing. GEORGE M. COSTA, JR. Maple Heights, Ohio; A.B. Modern Languages. JOHN L. DARROUZET, JR. Dallas, Texas; A.B. English. GARY T. DiMASi. Bethesda, Maryland; B.B.A. Marketing. WILLIAM E. DIONNE. Van Buren, Maine; A.B. Modern Languages. ROBERT R. DOMBROSKY. Franklin Lakes, New Jersey; B.B.A. Marketing. MICHAEL P. DUDDY. Reading, Pennsylvania; B.B.A. Finance. WILLIAM G. FERRIS. Williamsport, Pennsyl- vania; A.B. General Program. JOSEPH A. FERRY. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; A.B. Government. LARRY M. FORNESS. Denver, Colorado; A.B. Economics. ROBERT R. GARDNER, Arlington Heights, Illinois; B.B.A. Accounting. CHARLES B. GAREAU. Northbridge, Massachu- setts; A. B. Psychology. DAVID W. GRAVES, JR. Hohokus, New Jersey; B.S. Mechanical Engineering. ROGER J. GUERIN. Chicago, llinois; A.B. English. RICHARD J. KELLY. Rye, New Hampshire; A.B. Government. JOHN F. KENNEDY. New Hampton, Iowa; A.B. General Program. EDWARD C. KURTZ, JR. New Orleans, Louisiana; A.B. English. JAMES J. LOUGHREN. Vestal, New York; B.S. Civil Engineering. JOHN J. MAROTTA. Jackson Heights, New York; B.S. Preprofessional. JOSEPH M. MARTELLARO. South Bend, Indiana; B.B.A. Marketing. JORGE L. MAS. San Juan, Puerto Rico; B.B.A. Finance. JOHN J. MAXWELL. South Bend, Indiana; A.B. Civil Engineering. JOHN B. MCLAUGHLIN. Cleveland, Ohio; A.B. Economics. 322 Jj I v :k fe ROBERT H. WIORSKI. Chicago, Illinois; A.B. Government. DANIEL H. WIRE. Covington, Kentucky; A.B. Modern Languages. JAMES H. WIRTZ. New Castle, Pennsylvania; LL.B. Law. THOMAS J. WISHING. Falls Church, Virginia ; B.F.A. Art. R. DENNIS WITHERS. Dunwoody, Georgia; B.B.A. Finance. MICHAEL D. WOLF. Batavia, Ohio; B.S. Electrical Engineering. JAMES R. WOODS. LaG range, Illinois; B.B.A. Finance. MICHAEL W. WOODS. Niles, Michigan; B.B.A. Accounting. TIMOTHY W. WOODS. Niles, Michigan; LL.B. Law. ANTHONY R. WOODSTUFF. St. Louis, Missouri; B.S. Chemical Engineering. LOWELL C. YARUSSO, St. Paul, Minnesota; A.B. History. LOWELL W. YEAGER. Denver, Colorado; A.B. Modern Languages. WENDELL W. YIM. Kaneohe, Hawaii; B.B.A. Accounting. RICARDO C. YSMAEL. Quezon City, Philippines; A.B. Economics. GREGORY C. YUST. Miami, Oklahoma; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. PAUL J. ZALESKY. Red Bank, New Jersey; B.S. Aero-Space Engineering. DAVID L. ZELL. Little Rock, Arkansas; B.S. Electrical Engineering. DAVID C. ZENKEL. Rochester, New York, B.B.A. Accounting. THOMAS K. ZURCHER, C.S.C. Notre Dame, Indiana; A.B. English. LLOYD A. ADAMS. Philadelphia, P ennsylvania; B.B.A. Finance. PETER S. ADAMS. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; B.B.A. Finance. RAYMOND F. ALBERTO. Plainview, New York; A.B. Psychology. JOHN A. ALZAMORA. Pleasantville, New York; A.B. English. GEORGE R. ANDERSON. Hamden, Connecticut; A.B. Sociology. JOHN F. BAMBARA. Princeton, New Jersey; B.S. Chemistry. STF.PHEN J. BENJAMIN. Hoopeston, Illinois; B.B.A. Accounting. ROBERT BIELSKI. Temperance, Michigan; A.B. Preprofessional. JAMES A. BISCEGLIA. Worcester, Massachusetts; A.B. History. 323 BRIAN J. MCMAHON. Bronxville, New York; A.B. Communication Arts. JOHN R. McMENAMiN. Deerfield, Illinois; A.B. Government. RIAN J. McNALLY. Pleasanton, California ; B.B.A. Accounting. BRUCE W. MORROW. Geneva, New York; A.B. Modern Languages. CHRISTOPHER J. MURPHY, JR. Falls Church, Virginia; A.B. Government. GREGORY A. NEUMAN. Morton Grove, Illinois; A.B. Modern Languages. DWIGHT L. NORWOOD. Manassas, Virginia; B.S. Preprofessional. JOSEPH P. O ' CONNELL. Indianapolis, Indiana; B.B.A. Finance. DENNIS M. O ' DEA. Lowell, Massachusetts; A.B. Government. DENNIS M. C- ' FALLON. St. Louis, Missouri; B.S. Physics. DAVID W. PFEFFER. Duluth, Minnesota; B.S. Preprofessional. EDWIN M. PlERSON. Niles, Michigan; B.B.A. Marketing. THOMAS J. RICE. Eau Claire, Wisconsin; B.S. Mathematics. CRAIG F. ROGERS. Garden City, New York; B.B.A. Finance. LAWRENCE H. RUBLY. Chicago, Illinois; A.B. Modern Languages. A. MARK RUDIGER. Fort Salonga, New York; B.B.A. Accounting. ROBERT H. RYAN. Montpelier, Vermont; B.S. Preprofessional. LARRY C. SCHLEETER. Kokomo, Indiana; B.B.A. Management. WILLIAM R. SCHMIDT. Elgin, Illinois; B.B.A. Accounting. STEVE P. SCHMITT. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; B.B.A. Accounting. CHARLES S. SCHOTT, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; A.B. Government. FREDERICK A. SCHWARTZ. Salina, Kansas; A.B. General Program. TIMOTHY J. SIMPSON. South Bend, Indiana; A.B. Psychology. KENNETH J. SPISAK. McKees Rocks, Pennsyl- vania; B.B.A. Finance. STEVEN C. VAN VOORHIS. Scarsdale, New York; B.B.A. Management. GARY P. VERLEYE. Mishawaka, Indiana; B.B.A. Accounting. STEPHEN R. WAY. Detroit, Michigan; A.B. Communication Arts. EDWARD J. WARD, JR. Peoria, Illinois; B.S. Preprofessional. 324 3 THOMAS M. WEEMS. Long Beach, California; A.B. Economics. JOHN F. WOZNIAK. Garden City Park, New York; B.B.A. Accounting. ROBERT S. ZACH. New Hyde Park, New York; B.B.A. Management. JOHN J. BLAKE. Milford, Connecticut; A.B. English. EDWIN T. BRODERICK. Mount Vernon, New York; A.B. History. PATRICK G. CORRADO. Port Jervis, New York ; B.Arch. Architecture. JOHN H. GLORIEUX. Scarsdale, New York; A.B. Communication Arts. THOMAS P. KINGSTON, JR. Staten Island, New York; A.B. Communication Arts. CHARLES A. STEVENSON. Victoria, Texas; A.B. English. In Memoriam Thomas A. Bruder Rev. Thomas Cady C.S.C. James E. Coston Charles L. Didden Stephen J. Donlon Robert J. Duffy Rev. James Gibbons, C.S.C. Msgr. Philip Hughes Rev. Thomas P. Irving C.S.C. Frank W. Kelly Bruce W. MacGregor Kevin Murphy Armando J. Portal James A. Reyniers Michael J. Smith C.S.C. Rev. Robert H. Sweeney C.S.C. Helen C. White James Whitney Fredrick Zimmerman 325 Senior Index ABATE. ENEST N. LL.B 59 Chatham St. New Haven, Conn. Gray ' s Inn : Legal Aid Aasoc ; Moot Court ABEYTA, MIGUEL A. B.B.A. 907 Sierra Vista Santa Fe. N. M. ADAMS, ALBERT L. B.B.A. 217 Cedarbrook Rd. Ardmore. Pa. ADLER, GABY B.S. 1818 Jefferson Pt. Pleasant, W.Va. Physics Club ADRIAN, TERENCE J. A.B. 267 Manning Ave. River Edge. N.J. Aesculapians ; Neighborhood Study Help Program AHERN, KERRY WM. B.B.A. 260 W. Fairlawn Blvd. Akron. Ohio Beta Alpha Psi ; Track AHLCREN, STEPHEN J. A.B. 239 John St. Neenah. Wis. Glee Club Treas. ALBERTO, RAYMOND F. A.B. 101 Northern Pkwy. Plainview. N.Y. ALLEN, PHILIP M. B.B.A. 409 Orchard Ave. Battle Creek, Mich. AI.LMAN. FRANK D. A.B. 306 Garry Dr. New Britain, Conn. Psi Chi: Psychology Club V.P. ALVAREZ, CESAR G. B.B.A. 6 de Diciembre 831 Quito, Ecuador ALZAMORA, JOHN A. A.B. 50 Clark St. Pleasantville. N.Y. Observer AMBROSIC. JOSEPH N. A.B. 6326 Carl Ave. Cleveland, Ohio A HER, JOHN C. B.B.A. 21375 Endsley Ave. Rocky River, Ohio Glee Club AMERMAN, JOHN E. LL.B. 181 Madelon Belleville, Mich. Lawyer AMMOND. JOHN SAMUEL A.B. 119 N. Second St. W. Branch, Mich. ANDERSON, CARL E. B.B.A. Alexandra Dr. Atraore, Ala. ANDERSON, DENIS R. B.S. 819 E. Angela Blvd. South Bend, Ind. ANDERSON, GEORGE F. A.B. 1827 Lee Des Plaines, 111. University Bands ANDERSON, GEORGE R. A.B. 99 Colonial Dr. Hamden, Conn. ANDERSON, STEPHEN L. B.S. 48 Church Lane Scarsdale, N.Y. Alpha Epsilon Delta ANDREWS, TIMOTHY V. A.B. 260 Broadway Taunton, Mass. Confraternity of Christian Doctrine : Scholastic : University Bands ANGELL, WILLIAM F. B.B.A. 1107 Sycamore Muscatine, Iowa ANNIS, DAVID L. A.B. 412 Linda View Ln. Utica. N.Y. Film Society : YCS AUBREY, JOHN L. B.B.A. 6775 Camaridge Ln. Cincinnati, Ohio Hockey AZIZI, ENVBR B.Arch. 302 Town House Bldg. Rio Piedras, P. R. Judo Club Pres. ; Track AZZARO, JOSEPH A.B. 52 Overbrook Rd. Pittsburgh, Pa. BACKUS, WILLIAM J. B.S. 11820 Edgewater Lakewood, Ohio BADARACCO, GONZALO B.Arch. Doormanweg 45 Curacao, D.W.I. Architecture Club BAKER. JOHN WM., JR. B.B.A. 3845 Glenfield Dr. Knoxville, Tenn. BAKER, PRESTON D. B.S. State Road Westminster, Mass. BAUCH. GEORGE T. B.Arch. 128 North St. North Reading, Mass. BALSIS, WILLIAM L. B.B.A. 1808 S. 50 St. Cicero, 111. BAMBARA, JOHN F. B.S. 88 Crestview Dr. Princeton, N.J. A.C.S. BARTLETTA, ROBERT T. B.B.A. 724 Woodland Ave. Punxsutawney, Pa. S ailing Club ; Ski Club BARNARD, ALLEN D. LL.B. 812 Main St. Williston. NJ . Gray ' s Inn BARNES, BOYD T. A.B. 1301 Michigan Ave. Logansport, Ind. BAROODY, MICHAEL E. A.B. 1111 Francis Hammond Alexandria, Va. Young Republicans BARR, JAMES P. A.B. 613 Payne St. Wood River, 111. A.I. A. A. ; Judo Club ; Technical Review BARRY, MARTIN P. JR. A.B. 208 Worthington Ave. Spring Lake, N.J. Neighborhood Study Help Program ; Pre-Law Society EARTH, PATRICK D. A.B. 19939 W. Cleveland South Bend, Ind. BARTLEY, BRUCE H. A.B. 1705 W. Illinois Midland, Texas Dean ' s List ; Pre-Law Society : Young Democrats BARTON, ROLLY JUAN B.S. Casilla 5155 Miraflores, Lima, Peru BASQUILL, MICHAEL J. A.B. 23 Burlington Ave. Rockledge. Fla. BAYER, STEPHEN G. B.B.A. Shelter Rock Rd. Manhasset, N.Y. Management Club BECK, MICHAEL A. A.B. Rt. 1. Box 93 Bastrop, Texas Neighborhood Study Help Program BEDNAR, GERALD J. A.B. 6804 Southington Parma, Ohio Dean ' s List ; Confraternity of Christian Doctrine ; Young Democrats BEDNAREK, WILLIAM J. B.B.A. 14261 Pennsylvania Dolton, 111. BEERS, JOHN C. B.B.A. 900 W. University Pkwy. Baltimore. Md. Business Review ; Commerce Forum: WSND Business Manager BBIRNE, KENNETH J. A.B. 314 Curtis Ave. Carle Plains. N.Y. BELANGER. JOHN E. B.B.A. 15 Dundonald Rd. Belmont, Mass. BELDEN, DAVID C. B.B.A. 2421 Brentwood Rd. Canton, Ohio BELDING, CHARLES V. B.B.A. 108 N. 3rd St. Allegany. N.Y. Marketing Club BELL, DANIEL F. B.S. 5231 Dewey Ave. Rochester. N.Y. University Bands BELLAMY. J. RUSSELL B.B.A. 4224 Versailles Dallas, Texas BELLINI, ENRIQUE B.Arch. Box 1141 St. Thomas. Virgin Is. BELLUOMINI, EMILIO V. LL.B. 2723 51st St. Galveston, Texas Moot Court BENDER, STEPHEN B.Arch. 718 W. Madison St. Alexandria. Ind. CILA; Joint Engineering Council; Tau Beta Pi : Technical Review BBNESH, FRANK C. B.S. 469 Hall Ave. Perth Amboy. N.J. A.I.E.E. BENJAMIN. STEPHEN J. B.B.A. RR 2 Hoopeston. 111. BBNKOVICH, JOHN M. B.B.A. 3015 Riverview Ave. McKeesport. Pa. BENNETT, GEORGE H. A.B. 6567 Spruce Lockbourne AFB, Ohio Choir BERARDI, ANTHONY L. A.B. 631 Coitsville Rd. Campbell, Ohio BERKOWICK, MICHAEL A.B. 4205 Santa Fe I.awton, Okla. BERNARD, MICHAEL E. A.B. 622 N. Cherry Kenton. Ohio Glee Club BERNARD, THOMAS J. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. CILA BERNIER, JAMES R. B.S. Main Street Greenville, N.H. BERNOFF, BARNETT L. A.B. 465 W. 23 St. New York. N.Y. Air Force ROTC Drill Team ; Arnold Society ; Irish Air Society BERRY. CHRISTOPHER S. B.B.A. 5778 Carnegie St. San Diego, Calif. Beta Gamma Sigma ; Management Club BERRYMAN, ALBERT J. A.B. 2142 8th Ave. North Seattle, Wash. BEST. DAVID G. B.S. 312 Miller Rd. Peoria Heights, 111. Aesculapians BETTLER. THOMAS J. A.B. 155 Spring Charlestown, Ind. Glee Club BETZ. ALBERT L. B.S. 8914 Lou Court St. Louis, Mo. BETZ, WILLIAM J. B.B.A. 3200 Cullen Dr. Brookneld, Wis. BEYER, WILLIAM J. B.B.A. 5101 Howe Dr. Shawnee Mission, Kan. Kansas City Club Pres. BIANCHI, Louis A. LL.B. 1454 W. Beruya Ave. Chicago, Illinois Moot Court BIEHLER, RONALD A. B.S. 1125 7th St. Lorain, Ohio WSND BIEL, MICHAEL R. A.B. 609 West Main Sparta, Wis. Pre-Law Society WSND BIELSKI. ROBERT A.B. 115 Sterns Rd. Rt Temperance, Mich. BIGGS, JAMES M. A.B. 50 N. Poinciana Satellite Beach, Fla. BIGLEN, GUY T. A.B. Box 134 Big Timber, Mont. BTQLER, JAMBS M. B.B.A. 500 Bennett Rd. Hilton, N.Y. BILLINGS. PETER B. B.S. 708 Ransom St. Ripon. Wis. Biology Club BlLLINOSLEY, R. CLAY A.B. 4953 Chapel Hill St. Louis. Mo. Bn. LITER, JAMES H. B.S. 1798 Orlando Rd. Columbus. Ohio SINGLE, WILLIAM J. A.B. 2333 Westbrook Dr. Toledo. Ohio Arnold Air Society BIRZER, ROBERT E. B.B.A. 3070 Fulton Rd. NW. Canton. Ohio Beta Alpha Psi Commerce Forum BISCEGLIA. JAMES A.B. 32 Mary Ann Dr. Worcester. Mass. BISSMEYER, ROGER J. A.B. 8498 Owlwood Ln. Cincinnati. Ohio BIXBY. RONALD H. A.B. 1905 N. Morrison Appleton, Wis. BLACKWELL. JAMES E. A.B. 1825 Woodward Grand Rapids, Mich. BLAKE, JOSEPH G. A.B. 3396 Dorchester Shaker Heights, Ohio Pre-Law Society : WSND ; Young Republicans ; Blue Circle BLAKE, RALPH J. B.B.A. 1514 W. Vernon Phoenix, Ariz. Neighborhood Study Help Program BLAUM, Louis C. B.S. 244 Scott St. Wilkes-Barre, Pa. Lacrosse BLEEG. MICHAEL J. B.B.A. 602 Golf Club Rd. Newton Sq., Pa. Arnold Air Accounting Society ; Beta Alpha Psi BLEIER, ROBERT P. B.B.A. 201 S. Walnut Appleton, Wis. Football Captain ; Management Club BLONSKA, FRANCIS P. A.B. 988 Nelaview Rd. Cleveland Heights, Ohio BLUM, RICHARD J. A.B. 2887 Alpine Terr. Cincinnati, Ohio Honor Council BLUM, THOMAS J. A.B. 166 Kent Dr. Pittsburgh. Pa. BLUMBERC, RICHARD M. A.B. 1740 James Rd. St. Paul, Minn. CILA BODENSTEINER, IVAN E. LL.B. 204 N. Walnut St. West Union, Iowa BOEHNEN, DAVID L. A.B. 804 Vincent PI. Mitchell, S.D. Arts and Letters Business Forum ; Political Science Club ; Pre-Law Club BOESTER. JEFFREY A. B.S. 2937 Westbrook Dr. Fort Wayne. Ind. BOHAN, HUMPHREY T. A.B. 135 Garden St. Garden City, N.Y. BOLDUC, VINCENT L. A.B. 13 Brookside Cir. Wilbraham, Mass. Sociology Club Pres. : Track BOLIVAR, JUAN C. B.S. 5421 Rue Monet Indianapolis, Ind. BOMBERGER, WM. A. B.S. 4101 S. 17th St. Lincoln, Neb. Science Quarterly BONDARBNKO, ROBERT B.B.A. 261 Ridge St. New Milford. N.J. BONENBERGER, LANDERS P. LL.B. 6 Rush Ave. Wheeling, West Virginia. . Gray ' s Inn ; Moot Court BONFANTI, PAUL S. B.S. 62 Woodland Ave. Rockville Ct.. N.Y. A.I.A.A. ; Glee Club BocjUET. ANDREW H. A.B. 8432 Tern Circle Huntington Beach, Calif. BORN, TIMOTHY R. B.B.A. P.O. Box 627 Clovis, Calif. Innsbruck Club Bosco, JOSEPH S. B.Arch. 150 Straitsville Prospect, Conn. BOTCH, DENNIS C. B.B.A. 2516 35 Ave. Rock Island. HI. BOTTCHER, RONALD H. A.B. Box 225 Church St. Algonguin. HI. Bom. MICHAEL P. B.B.A. 10 Highland View Place Middletown. N.Y. Lacrosse BOTTINO, JOSEPH C. B.S. 18 Hewitt Ave. Bronxville. N.Y. BOUCEK, ANTHONY J. B.S. 3208 Perrysville Pittsburgh, Pa. BOURKE, THOMAS K. A.B. 140 Elmwood Terr. Elmhurst. HI. Neighborhood Study Help Program; Swimming BOYLE. JOHN T. B.S. 10 Babbling Brook Ln. Suffern. N.Y. Aesculapians; Biology Club; WSND; Alpha Epsilon Delta BOZZELLI, DOMINIC B.S. 3917 Lake Ave. Rochester. N.Y. BRADLEY. JOHN E. B.B.A. 2307 Knowles Rd. Wilmington. Del. Fisher Hall Pres. BRADLEY, ROBERT H. A.B. 6900 Shamrock Dr. Little Rock, Ark. BRADY, JOHN P. A.B. 714 S. Marshall Caledonia, Mn. BRADY, ROBERT L. A.B. 508 N. Perry St. Titusville, Pa. Observer BRADY, THOMAS P., JR. B.B.A. 107 Nichols Rd. Cohasset. Mass. BRANCIFORTE. Jos L. B.Arch. 969 Bridge St. Westwood, N.J. BRANDMEIER. PHILIP B. Arch. 145 Overbrook Rd. Rochester. N.Y. BRANDT, STEPHEN C. B.B.A. 542 Devonshire Ct. Severna Pk., Md. BRATTHAUAR. THEO J. B.B.A. 319 E. York St. W. Chicago, HI. BRAY, GEORGE G. A.B. 93 Forest St. New Britain, Conn. BREHL, ROBERT J. B.S. 125 S. 18th St. Coshocton, Ohio BREHM, JAMES ALLEN A.B. 1319 Birchard Av. Fremont, Ohio Monogram Club; Swimming BREILING, HAROLD L. A.B. 45550 N. Gratiot Mt. Clemens, Mich. Young Republicans BRENNAN, JOHN S. B.S. 2029 Wawona St. San Fancisco. Calif. BRENNAN, JOSEPH F. A.B. McCouns Ln. Oyster Bay, N.Y. BRENNAN, MICHAEL W. B.B.A. 826 Somonauk Sycamore, 111. Rugby BRENNAN, TIMOTHY F. B.S. 3407 Rocky River Dr. Cleveland, Ohio Neighborhood Study Help Program BRENNAN, WILLIAM J. A.B. 551 First St. Brooklyn, N.Y. Rugby; Ski Club BRENNER. JOSEPH F. A.B. 19 Winters St. Oakland, N.J. BRESNAHAN, MICHAEL D. A.B. 3510 W. 116 PI. Chicago, 111. Judo Club; NROTC Pistol Team BRETTEIX, RICHARD A. A.B. 924 Alice Ave. Belle Vernon, Pa. Young Democrats BRISLIN, THOMAS D. A.B. 19 Circle Dr. Dallas, Pa. Dean ' s List; Academic Comission V.P.; Debate; Juggler BROADLEY, TIMOTHY S. A.B. 12 Yonkers Ave. Tuckahoe, N.Y. BROCKLEY, DONALD A. A.B. 102 Kenosha St. Albany, N.Y. Hudson Valley Club Sec. BRODERICK, EDWIN T. A.B. 290 Collins Ave. Mt. Vernon, N.Y. BRODERICK, JOHN W. B.B.A. 9 Geyerwood La. St. Louis, Mo. BRODERICK, LAURANCB G. B.B.A. 241 Orr Rd. Pitsburgh, Pa. Student Senate; Cheer Leader; Bengal Boats BROWN. JOHN A. A.B. 940 Washington Rd. Pittsburgh, Pa. BROWN, MASK A. A.B. 10308 Forest Brk. Ln. St. Louis, Mo. Cleveland Club Sec.; Sailing Club Sec. BROWN, STANLEY M. JR. A.B. 2728 Henry Hudson New York, N.Y. BROWNE, DAVID J. B.B.A. 6135 98 St. Rego Park, N.Y. Innsbruck Club BROWNE, MICHAEL G. B.B.A. 243 Lakeland Grosse Point, Mich. Dill ion Hall Sec.; Junior Parent Weekend; Social Commission Bus. Manager BRUEGGEN, DAVID V. B.B.A. 403 N. Broadway Leavenworth, Kan. Innsbruck Club BRUGGEMAN, TERRANCE J. A.B. 59 Dogwood Terr. Ramsey, N.J. Arts 6 Letters Bus. Forum; Neighborhood Study Help Program; Pre-Law Society BUCHBINDER, NED A. A.B. 1120 N. Harding Chicago, 111. Film Society; Peppies Club BUENNACEL, C.EORGE D. B.B.A. 3902 N. Grant Ave. Indianapolis. Ind. Beta Alpha Psi; Sailing Club; University Bands BURCHETT. GLENN A. A.B. 2822 E. Standish Anaheim, Calif. Fencing; LUNA; Monogram Club; Young Decocrats BURGENER, MICHAEL A. A.B. 315 S. Fourth St. Marion. 111. Football; Track; Weightlifting Club Capt. BURGESS. JOHN A. LL.B. 410 S. 25th St. South Brad. Ind. Notre Dame Lawyer BI-RKHARDT. JOHN E. B.S. 619 Gibbs Ct. Plainfield. Ind. A.I.A.A.; S.A.M.E. BURMAN, JOHN M. A.B. 1031 Hansen St. W. Pmlm Beach. Fl. Mental Health Chapter Tre.; Pre-Law Society BURNS, WILLIAM G.. JR. A.B. 264 N. Ithan Ave. Villanova, P. BURROWS. ROBERT A. A.B. 82 Glen Hill Rd. Wilton. Conn. BUSH. THOMAS L., JR. B.B.A. 1811 Lombard; Ave. Nashville. Tenn. BUTOOIEO. JOSEPH, III B B A. 20471 Audette Dearborn, Mich. Finance Club; Lacrosse BUTZ, RICHARD L. B.Arch. 112 Nation Ave. Eaton. Ohio BYLEBYL, MICHAEL E. A.B. 239 Christiana St. N. Tonawanda, N.Y. BYRNE. JAMES E. A.B. 28639 Barkman Roneville. Mich. Honor Council; Young Democrat BYRNES, JOHN T. r JR. A.B. 542 McDowell Delavan. Wig. Alpha Epsilon Delta BYRON, MICHAEL E. A.B 301 Rutledge St. Gary, Ind. CACE, JOHN S.. in B.B.A. 13 Iris Circle Longview. Texas CAFTARONE. DOUGLAS B.B.A. 353 B. 145 St. Rockaway Pk., N.Y. CAHILL. PATRICK F. A.B. 256 Luray N.W. Grand Rapids. Mich. Mental Health Chapter; WSND; Young Democrat! CAIRO, JOSEPH G. A.B. 14 Riverdale Ave. Belleville, N.J. CALABRESE. ALFRED W. B.B.A. 5855 N. Sheridan Rd. Chicago, 111. CALABRIA, DAVID C. A.B. 59 Arlington St. Reading, Pa. Neighborhood Study Help Program CALABRIA. JOHN A. B.S. 102 W. Spring- St. Reading. P. Student Government CALONE. RICHARD S. B.B.A. 176 Pueblo Dr. Pittsburg, Calif. Commerce Forum CAMBRON. RICHARD B. A.B. 1427 Brookside Dr. Evansville. Ind. Baseball CAMERON, DAVID J. A.B. 156 Spring Ave. Hatboro. Pa. Glee Club; WSND; Young Republicans CAMERON. OLIVER G. A.B. 510 Maple Wilmette. 111. CAMP. DENNIS L. A.B. 118 McMonagle Rd. Pittsburgh. Pa. CAMP, RICHARD M. B.S. 9218 Volunteer Dr. Alexandria, Va. YCS CANESTARO. JAMSE C. B.Arch. 5 Joy St. Cortland. N.Y. A. I. A.: Dome; Observer CANNON, JAMES T. B.B.A. 905 Meadows Rd. Geneva, III. CANO, GERALD G. B.S. 123 Carmella, Dr. McKeesport, P. CANO, MAURICIO B.S. Carrera 51 54 62 Medellin. Colombia CANTWELL, BRIAN J. B.S. 15 Hollywood Ave. Massapequa. N.Y. CAPPS. GEORGE K. A.B. 8 Huntleigh Woods St. Louis, Mo. CAREY. JOHN L. B.B.A. 1131 N. Armstrong Kokomo, Ind. Glee Club CARPAONO, JAMES A. B.S. 322 N. Ix-mley Atkins, Ark. A.I.Ch.E; Neighborhood Study Help Program; Technical Review CARR, PATRICK F.. JR. B.B.A. 903 Merrick Ave. Collingswood. N.J. Farley Hall Treaa.; La Fortune Student MET. CARRIGAN, RICHARD M. B.B.A. 3538 Lyons Evanston, III. Hockey Club; Rugby CARRIGAN. TERRENCE B.S. 8300 Springvalley Cincinnati!. Ohio Dean ' s List; Alpha Epsilon Delta Sec.; Aesculapians CARROLL. GERARD P. A.B. 211-19-38 Ave. Bayside, N.Y. Keenan Hall Prea.; Pangborn Hall Senator CARROLL, MICHAEL J. A.B. 235 Manchester Rd. River Edge, N.J. CARROLL, MICHAEL T. B.S. 7215 Alexander Hammond, Ind. CARTER. RICHARD J. A.B. 576 Fourth St. Brooklyn. N.Y. CARTY. MICHAEL R. B.B.A. 99 Maxwell Ave. Geneva, N.Y. CASEY, DANIEL W., JR. B.S. 202 Scarboro Dr. Solvay. N.Y. Dean ' s List; Aesculapians Pro. Alpha Epsilon Delta Treas.. Student Senate CASEY, ROBERT R. B.B.A. .1533 Bancroft Dr. New Orleans, L. Beta Alpha Psi: Dixie Club Trea.; University Bands CASSIDY. THOMAS P. A.B. 102B2 Pin Oak So. Mishawaka, Ind. CASSILLO, PAUL L. B.S. Rd. 1 Maple Ave. Scotia. N.Y. CASTELLAN, C. PATRICK B.S. 709 Pine Ridge Rd. Media. P. A.I.Ch.E.; Glee Club CASTELLANI, BERNARD J. B.B.A. 2619 Rodman St. Hollywood, Fla. CASTO. MARTIN G. B.S. 1011 S. Myrtle Villa Park. HI. A.I.Ch.E.: Hockey Club CASTROP. KENNETH J. B.S. 1343 Linwood Ave. Columbus, Ohio CAVANAUOK, EI-GENE L. B.B.A. 1100 Hester St. Johnstown. Pa. CAVERLY. ROBERT J. A.B. 130 E 75th New York. N.Y. Lacrosse CBLIO. JOHN T. B.B.A. 45 Hawthorne St. Rutherford, N.J. CILA CELMEK. DAVID R. A.B. 127 Willow Ave. Rochester, N.Y. Baseball CEPEDA. RODRIOO E. B.S. Sociedad Argrlcola Pucala Aptdo 144 Lima. Peru LUNA: Ski Club; Soccer CEVASCO. JAMES J. B.B.A. Grandview. 9 W. Nyack. N.Y. AFROTC Drill Team: Irish Air Society; Sports Car Club CHAPMAN. JAMES R. A.B. 510 Elm St. Martins Ferry, Ohio Neighborhood Study Help Program; YC8; Zahm Hall V.P. CHELMINIAK. PAUL L. B.Arch. 4121 54th SW. Seattle, Wash. A.I.A. Prea. CHEMA. THOMAS V. A.B. 131 Thompson Ave. E. Liverpool. Ohio Senior Class Sec.; Student Government; Voice CHERUBINI, JEROME A. A.B. 5737 N. Sunnypoint Glendale. Wis. CHESNKY, JOHN J. B.S. 1007 E. 10th St. Duluth. Minn. A.S.M.E. CHILES. ROBERT L. A.B. 388 Greenfield Rd. Memphis. Tenn. Monogram Club: Swimming CIIMMAR. MICHAEL A. B.B.A. 50 Bloomingdale Ave. GarfieJd. N.J. CHROBOT. EMERY F. A.B. 2515 Bond Ave. South Bend. Ind. CHUANO. ANTHONY B.Arch. 2 Headland Rd. Hong Kong, China CHUCK, FRANK J. B.S. 84 Montgomery St. Canajoharie. N.Y. A.I.Ch.E.: Mental Health Chapter; Rugby CIMINO. LEWIS H. B.S. 680 N. 57 St. Omaha, Neb. Dean ' s List; Aesculapians; Scholastic; Science Quarterly CLAESGEN . CHARLES A. A.B. 521 Wendel PI. Oradell. N.J. CLARK, HAROLD J. A.B. 2531 Oak Ct. Seaford. N.Y. Innsbruck Club; Voice CLARK. JOHN T. B.S. 282 Mull Ave. Akron, Ohio CLARK, WILLIAM JR. A.B. 573 Monroe Ct. River Edge, N.J. CLARKE, ALEXANDER G. B.S. 37840 Jackson Rd. Chagrin Falls, Ohio Swimming CLARKE, RICHARD A. A.B. 1406 Jan Dr. Wilmington, Del. Neighborhood Study Help Program CLASBY. THOMAS V. B.Arch. Mill Road Ipswich. Mass. CLEARY, JAMES P. B.B.A. 75 S. Deeplands Grosse Pointe, Mich. CLEARY, WILLIAM J. B.B.A. 22429 N. Nottingham Birmingham, Mich. CLIFFORD. WILLIAM V. A.B. 512 W. 57 Ave. Gary. Ind. Neighborhood Study Help COBLE. MELVIN A. B.S. 7462 Skye Dr. So. Jacksonville, Fla. COCCOLI, MICHAEL P. B.S. 17 Juniper Dr. Cranston, R.I. Mental Health Chapter; Neighborhood Study Help Program COHEN. MICHAEL G. B.B.A. 191 Presidential Bala Cynwyd. Pa. Swimming; Philadelphia Club Treaa. COLEMAN, E. MICHAEL B.B.A. 69 Webber PL Groase Pointe. Mich. COLEMAN, RICHARD J. B.B.A. 130 Sedgwick Rd. Syracuse. N.Y. COLEMAN, WILLIAM T. LL.B. 412 Selbourne Road Riverside, Illinois Notre Dame Lawyer COLLINS. DANIEL J. B.B.A. 601 Maple Ave. Philadelphia, Pa. WSND COLLINS, DENNIS G. LL.B. 209 Nahant Road Rochester. N.Y. 1st class Prea.; Student Bar Assoc. V.P. COLLINS. KENNETH B.S. 50 14 Ave. N Fargo, N.Dak. A.S.C.E.; Rug-by COLLINS, PATRICK J. A.B. 324 H. Street, N.E. Washington, D.C. Observer Editor COMEAU, JAMBS E. B.S. 1005 East 8th St. Merrill, Wis. I.E.E.E.; Wrestling COMEPORD, PATRICK R. A.B. 224 S. Scoville Oak Park. III. COMMANDER, RICHARD C. A.B. 201 Tower Ave. Needham Heights, Mass. University Bands CONDON, THOMAS J. A.B. 187 Gardiner Ave. New London, Conn. Leprechaun; Mental Health Chapter; Rugby CONIOUO, GERALD A. B.S. 37 Murray St. Mount Morris. N.Y. Alpha Epsilon Delta CONLEY, PETER J. B.B.A. 34 Hersey St. Portland, Me. Innsbruck Club; Ski Club CONN. DONALD DAVID A.B. 54 Devon St. N. Arlington, N.J. CONNELL. ROBERT P. A.B. 72 Fells Road Essex Fells, N.J. CONNELLY. TIMOTHY B.B.A. 290 Vernal Ct. Los Altos, Calif. CONNER. JOHN L. A.B. S48 Emmons Ave. Kewanee. Ill University Bands CONNER, RONALD R. B.S. 214 S. Graham St. Pittsburgh, Pa. CONNOLLY, THOMAS M. A.B. 551 Fairway Dr. Lewiston, N.Y. CONNOR, THOMAS J. A.B. 407 Albany Peoria. III. Fencing; Glee Club CONNORS. GERALD B. A.B. 109 Locust St. Garden City, N.Y. CONSTANTIN, L. E. B.B.A. Rea Ave. Ext. Hawthorne, N.J. CONWAY, GERALD T. A.B. 201 Secatogue Ln. W. West Islip. N.Y. Glee Club COOK, THOMAS W. B.B.A. 40 Bartling Dr. New Canaan. Conn. Commerce Forum COOKE. STEPHEN R. B.S. Pine Rd. Philadelphia. Pa. COOLEY, W. SCOTT A.B. 22885 Grand Terr. Colton. Calif. Glee Club; Young Republicans COOLING, JAMES E. LL.B. 8819 Sagewood Lane Haielwood, Mo. COONEY, MICHAEL E. B.B.A. 17177 Parkatdc Ave. Detroit, Mich. Management Club COONEY, TIMOTHY J. B.B.A. 1215 Longfellow Dr. Beaumont, Texas COOPER. GABY F. B.S. 2807 N. Conn Royal Oak, Mich. A.C.S. CORBETT, THOMAS B, A.B. 7453 Hibbard St. Louis, Mo. CILA CORCORAN, LAUY M. B.S. 108 N. Union Williamsville, N.Y. CORDERO. LUIS L. B.S. CaJleorinoco Qtta turo. Las Mercedes, Caracas, Venezuela ISO; Pan American Club CORMANY, TIMOTHY K. A.B. Jusmg Maag, Spain Pirn APO New York. N.Y. University Theater CORSO. C.S.C., CHARLES W. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame. Ind. CORTRIGHT, DAVID B. A.B. 81 Ridgeway St. East Stroudsburg. Pa. COSTA, GEORGE M. A.B. 20818 Clare Ave. Maple Heights, Ohio COTTER. GERALD M. B.B.A. 104-10 221st St. Queens Village. N.Y. Pre-Law Society; Voice; Young Republicans COTTINOHAM. JOHN M. A.B. 8560 Concord Hill Cincinnati, Ohio COUTURIER, EDMOND J. B.B.A. 400 Smith N. Attleboro, Mass. Confraternity of Christian Doctrine V.P.; Leprechaun; Weighlifting Club COYLE, JOHN J. LL.B. 211 Hudson St. Phillipsburg, N.J. Gray ' s Inn; Legal Defense; Student Bar Assoc. COYLE. KEVIN T. A.B. 523 Summit Ave. Hackensack, N.J. Bengal Bouts CRAMER, BRO. JOHN L. A.B. 1441 N. Michigan South Bend, Ind. CRAMER. MYRON L. B.S. 4469 Livingston Columbus. Ohio WSND CRAWFORD. GEORGE E. B.S. 56 Paul Revere Rd. Groton, Conn. CRAWFORD. JOSEPH P. A.B. 1530 Edgewood Dr. Royal Oak, Mich. CREWSON, MARX A. A.B. 46 Sixth St. Cloquet, Minn. CRIKELAIR. JOHN F. A.B. 210 Heights Rd. Ridge wood. N.J. CROUCH. RICHARD L. B.B.A. 1537 Bower Hill Pittsburgh, Pa. Cheerleader Capt. CROWLEY, TIMOTHY H. A.B. 3082 S. Vine Denver, Colo. CROWLEY. THOMAS C. A.B. 11 Murchinson PI. White Plains, N.Y. CRUTCHER, J. MICHAEL A.B. 3911 Gillon Dallas. Texas Senior Index CUSALCHINI. RONALD B.S. S29 W. 125 St. Chicago. ia Physics Club CUDDIHY. HERBERT L. B.Arch. 345 East 77 Street New York. N.Y. CUOOINO. THOMAS J. B.B.A. 1716 Fowler Avc. Bronx. N.Y. Dean ' s List; Baseball CULCASI, PHILIP T. B.B.A. 420 Grandview Ave. Hubbard, Ohio CUMMINGS. PAUL WM. B.S. 1115 N. St. Peter South Bend. Ind. CUMMINCS. RICHARD K. B.B.A. 255 Barnard Rd. Larchmont, N.Y. John A. Morrissey Fund Adm.; Knights of Columbus CI-RTIN. THOMAS E. A.B. 7206 Exfair Rd. Bethesda, Md. CURTIN. THOMAS R. LL.B. 204 Birch St. Boonton, N.J. CZEKANSKI. ANTHONY B.Arch. 300 Strawbridge Westmont, N.J. CZUCHLEWSKI, PAUL E. A.B. 50-42 66 PI. Woodside, N.Y. Innsbruck Program; Neighborhood Study Help Program D DABY, JONATHAN W. A.B. 274 Archer St. Fall River. Mass. Fencing DAHEE, MACHABL A. A.B. 1100 Fairholme Groase Pointe Woods, Mich. Fencing: Monogram Club; Neighborhood Study Help Program DALIJM, PETER J. A.B. 12915 Gremoor Dr. Elm Grove. Wis. Neighborhood Study Help Program DAEBOUZBT, JOHN L. A.B. 5708 Melshire Dr., Dallas, Texas DAVIS. JAMBS M. A.B. 1611 Bridge St. New Cumberland, Pa, Dean ' s List; Neighborhood Study Help Program DAVIS. PAUL V. B.B.A. 9606 S. Central Pk. Evergreen Park, HI. DAVIS, WARREN A. A.B. 51 Townsend Blvd. Poughkeepsie, N.Y. DEAN, JAMBS D. B.B.A. 6 Dorset Ave. Albertson. N.Y. Junior Parent Weekend; Soccer Club Pre . DEBARTOLO, EDWARD J. B.B.A. 110 Southwoods Youngstown, Ohio DECOURSEY, MICHAEL B.B.A. 3624 W. 50th Terr. Shaw nee Mission, Kan. DEEGAN. PATRICK A. A.B. 5705 Old Ranch Rd. Riverside, Calif. Innsbruck Club DEFABIO. C.S.C.. RAYMOND A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. DEFILIPPI, JAMBS P. B.B.A. 147 E. Walnut Oglesby. III. Management Club DELEHANT. JOHN W. A.B. 6608 Farnam Omaha. Nebr. Innsbruck Club DE LONG THOMAS G. B.S. 55260 Fir Rd. Mishawaka. Ind. DEMARE, PATRICK J. B.S. 545 Neptune Ave. Brooklyn. N.Y. DE PARBDES. ARTUBO B.S. P.O. Box 314. Panama. I. Rep. of Panama CILA; ISO DERRICO. JOSEPH A. A.B. 1635 Hannington Wantagh. N.Y. Swiming DB SMET. ABTHUB A. B.S. 20077 Burgess Detroit. Mich. A.C.S.; Chess Club DRTTOR. PAUL B. B.B.A. 201 Pine Oak Manor Mishawaka. Ind. Senior Index DRWEY WILLIAM M. A.B. 5309 S. Kearney Ensrlewood. Colo. DIAZ, JORGE ALFONSO B.S. 2042 Calle 65 Bogota, Colombia Soccer Club DICKMAN, DANIEL D. B.B.A. 3741 Curtiss Dr. South Bend, Ind. Football; Management Club DIEMERT, JOSEPH W., JR. A.B. 1335 Victory Dr. South Euclid, Ohio Political Science Academy; Pre-Law Society DIETER. BRO. RICHARD B.S. James Hall Notre Dame, Ind. DIEZ, GONZALO C. B.B.A. P.O. Box 69 Quito, Ecuador Amateur Radio Club; Management Club; Pan American Club DILAURA. KENNETH A. B.B.A. 1859 Oxford Rd. Gross Pointe Woods, Mich. Di LORENZO, RICHARD B.S. 144-53 Weller Ln. Rosedale. N.Y. Dean ' s List; Honor Council; Joint Engineering Council; Neighborhood Study Help Program DIMASI. GARY T. B.B.A. 7905 Kentbury Dr. Bethesda, Md. DION. JOHN J. A.B. 41 Glover St. Southbridge, Mass. DIONNE. WILLIAM E. A.B. 361 Main St. Van Buren, Me. DISABATINO, E. JOHN B.Areh. 4004 Lakeview Dr. Greenville, Del. DITTMAN. DAVID A. B.B.A. 1827 Forest View Cincinnati, Ohio DIVER, JOSEPH W. 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FRYE, JAMES H. B.S. 211 West St. Vassar. Mich. A.I.E.S.E.C. Pre.; Alpha Epsilon Delta FTICSAR, JAMES E. B.S. 862 N. Godfrey St. Allentown, Pa. Alpha Epsilon Delta FULLAN, NEIL P. A.B. 16 W. 122 Timber Vw. Elmhurst, HI. Neighborhood Study Help Program FULLANA, ANGEL A. A.B. PO Box 9932 Santruce, P.R. FULLER, DAVID L. B.S. 209 Miskell Rd. Mount Carmel, 111. Fuoco, PHILIP S. A.B. 256 Chester Ave. Delran. N.J. FUREY, PATRICK W. A.B. 28 Primrose St. Chevy Chase. Md. FURLONG, THOMAS E. A.B. 12910 S. Parkway Garfield Heights. Ohio Football GADALA, MAURICIO R. B.B.A. 87 Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic ISO; Marketing Mgt. Club; Judo Club Treas. GALLAGHER, DENNIS J. A.B. 47 East Eighth Oswego. N.Y. Observer; WSND GALLAGHER, WILLIAM B.S. 1791 Beech Gr. Cincinnati, Ohio Crew GALLUZZO, RONALD L. A.B. 701 Mayhill Rd. Springfield, Ohio Boxing; Sociology Club; Sports Car Club GALVIN, FRANKLIN J. B.Areh. 502 S. 6th Pekin, I1L Dean ' s List; Architecture Club GARDNER, ROBERT R. B.B.A. 405 Frederick St. Arlington Heights, 111. GARDNER, THOMAS H. B.B.A. 828 Finney Tr. Cincinnati, Ohio (lAREAu, CHARLES B. A.B. 40 School St. Northbridge, Mass. GARRISON. JAMES H. A.B. 101 Pin Oak S. Mishawaka, Ind. GARRISON, RICHARD N. B.S. 900 Cherry Dr. Bowling Green, Ky. GARTLAND, PATRICK J. B.S. 915 Spencer Marion, Ind. A.S.M.E.; Knights of Columbus GASNER. ALAN G. B.S. 41 Lenox Rd. West Seneca, N.Y. Howard Hall President GASSMANN. JOHN T. B.S. 218 2nd Ave. S.W. Valley City. N.D. A.S.M.E. !ATTA. JOHN J. JR. A.B. U60 Via Del Mar Schenectady, N.Y. Neighborhood Study Help Program; University Bands GAVIGAN, RICHARD C,. B.B.A. 103 Orlando Ave. Albany. N.Y. AROTC Drill Team; Business Review; Hudson Valley Club Treu. GADYA. EUGENE G. B.S. 18119 Wildwood Ave. Lansing, 111. GAZDAYKA. WALTER B.S. 6-01 Lyons Ave. Fair Lawn. N.J. Baseball GEHAN, MARK W. A.B. 757 Fairmount St. Paul. Minn. Young Republicans GEKL, WII.I.IAM D. A.B. 6417 N. Berkeley Milwaukee. Wls. GEICEL. RAFAEL A. B.B.A. Washington SO. Santurce, P.R. GEMFERLE. JAMES P. B.S. Middlebrook R.I Bound Brook. N.J. A.I.Ch.E. GKNIS. THOMAS P. B.Arch. 254 Timpany Blvd. Gardner. Maas. GKEKEN. GARY J. B.S. S10 Northwest Ave. Richmond. Ind. GERMAN. JAMES R. B.B.A. 207 Rockingham Dr. Columbia. Mo. University Bands; Young Republicans GHIGUOTI. GARY B. B.B.A. 1381 Richmond Rd. Staten Island. N.Y. GIAMBALVO, JAMES P. B.B.A. 83 N. Lasalle Chicago, 111. GIBBONS. JOSEPH P. A.B. 8488 S. Wolcott Ave. Chicago. 111. GIBBS. THOMAS E. A.B. 7159 Oglesby Chicago. IH. Rugby Sec.; Rail Judicial Council GIBNEY, RICHARD L. B.S. 1192 La Limonar Santa Ana. Calif. GILDAY, C.S.C.. GEORGE C. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. GII.PEATER. JOHN S. A.B. Ill San ford I.n. Stamford. Conn. Sociology Club; Spurts Car Club GILL. CHARLES W. A.B. 18 W. Hefron Washington, Ind. GILMOUR, JOHN M. B.S. 396 Mountain Ave. Ridgewood. N.J. A.I.A.A.; S.A.M.E. GLASS, BRADLEY M. A.B. 96 Snowden Andrews. Ind. GLASSTETTKR, JOHN W. B.B.A. 1442 Maile Ave. Lakewood. Ohio Young Democrats GMITTER, DONALD A. B.Arch. 365 Avon Dr. Mount Lebanon, Pa. Football GODBOUT. THOMAS G. B.B.A. 834 Wheelock Detroit. Mich. Detroit Club Treas.; Junior Class Trems. GODPEOY, THOMAS J. B.S. 428 E. Elm Ave. Monroe, Mich. GOOZIK. MICHAEL E. B.B.A. 8549 Betty Terr. Niles. ID. NROTC Pistol Team GOBTZ. GERALD J. B.B.A. 3066 Woodbury Rd. Shaker Heights, Ohio Baseball GOOAN. THOMAS F. A.B. 11254 Hermitage HI. Frontenac, Mo. Ski Club; Sociology Club; Y.C.8. GOLDBERG, WAYNE G. B.S. 621 Rex St. South Bend, Ind. GOOMNOW, THOMAS J. B.S. 173 Topsfield Rd. Columbus. Ohio Aesculapian Club; Alpha Epsilon Delta; Young Democrats GOODS . LEONARD A. A.B. 17811 K. Verness St. Covina. Calif. Arts and Letters Business Forum; Fencing; Honor Council GORE. PAUL A. LL.B. 1 Winnebago Rd. Fort Lauderdale, Fla. GORIN. THOMAS H. B.S. 10 Maple St. Kast Hampton Conn. Aesculapian Club; Alpha Epsilon Delta; Science Quarterly. . GORMAN, JAMES F. A.B. 27 Gardner St. Nawburgh, N.Y. GORMLKY, BRIAN J. A.B. 10 Prospect Pk. Lancaster, N.H. Rugby GORMLEY, WILLIAM L. A.B. Sheriff Home Mays Landing, N.J. Junior Parents Weekend; Rugby; Young Republicans GORSKI. JAMES O. B.B.A. 942 Wolf Ct. Korhi ' lle, 111. Monogram Club; Marketing Club; Wrestling GOUNDREY. THOMAS E. B.B.A. PO Box 1105 Middletown. Conn. Beta Alpha Psi; Student Government Treas. GRASLE, CM ARUM A. A.B. 108 Kurt St. Scholfield. Wis. Football GRAHAM, CHARLES G. B.Arch. 778 Condon Dr. Charlestown, S.C. GRAHAM, WILLIAM J. B.S. 3229 Metairie Ct. Metairie, La. GRANGER. MICHAEL D. A.B. H8 Renaud Gross Pointe, Mich. Vole GRATZ, RONALD CARL B.S. 14 Ocean Ave. Absecon. N.J. Neighborhood Study Help Progral CRAVES. DAVID W., JR. B.S. 20 Ardmore Rd. Ho-Ho-Kus. N.J. GRAY. FRANCIS J. JR. B.S. Felt Street Way Salem, Mass. GREEN, WILLIAM J. B.Arch. 30 Amsden St. Arlington, Mass. CREPT. RICHARD M. B.S. 5307 Jason Houston. Tex. GREOOO, VINCENT N. B.S. 301 LlangoDen Es Newcastle. Del. GRIPPIN, DAVID L. B.B.A. 385 Avon Dr. Pittsburgh, Pa. GRIPPIN, HUGH C. LL.B. 2666 E. 73rd St. Chicago, 111. Notre Dame Lawyer GRDTPIN. STEPHEN M. B.S. Teutopolls. 111. Dome GRIMA, JOHN A. A.B. 402 Fairway Dr. Warren, Ohio GRINVALSKY, HENRY T. B.S. 169-15 84th Ave. Jamaica, N.Y. Blue Circle: Neighborhood Study Help Program GRUBEE, LAWRENCE A. A.B. 7734 Glenhemth Houston, Tex. Juggler; Voice GUBANICH. THOMAS S. A.B. 6 Galicia Dr. Phoenixville, Pa. GUEPE, RICHARD T. B.S. 112 Mockingbird Rd. Nashville, Tenn. A.I.M.E.; A.S.M.; Ski Club GUERRA. MIOUEL G. B.B.A. Casimiro Demoya 14 Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic GUERRERA. PETER P. B.S. 302 Harrison Ave. Vandergrift. Pa. Aesculapians; Neighborhood Study Help Program GUILRAULT. ROBERT P. B.S. 7101 Memphis St. New Orleans. La. Dixie Club V.P. Weightliftlng GuTOwsKi, RICHARD Z. B.B.A. 1299 Highland Ave. Ambridge. Pa. Band; Social Commission; Junior Parent Weekend GUZMAN. LARRY D. A.B. 1820 Ellda St. Janesville. Wis. H HAAS, GEOPPREY J. 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Iowa A.E.D.; Aesculapians HANSEN, WILLIAM C. B.B.A. 8547 N. Shepard Milwaukee, Wls. Management Club HAPPER. PETER C. B.B.A. 248 Walton Ave. South Bend. Ind. HARDY. KEVIN T. B.B.A. 2221 Harrington Oakland. Cal. HARKINS, PAUL K. B.B.A. 4859 Brook Dr. Jackson. Miss. DOME Photo Ed.; Glee Club HARBEB. DONALD G. B.B.A. 6024 Crsin St. Morton Grove, III. HARRIS, JAMBS P. B.S. PO. Box 342 Refugio, Tex. HARSH. FRANKLIN D. A.B. 1000 North Lincoln Hastings. Neb. HARSHMAN, DANIEL B, A.B. 310 Scottwood Toledo. Ohio Football HART. DANA L. B.S. 259 Alameda Blvd. Coronado. Calif. A.I.Ch.E. HARTLEY, KEITH L. B.B.A. 572 Bennington Dr. Bloomfteld Hills. Mich. Beta Alpha Psl HARVEY. JAMBS R. A.B. 245 Jefferson Dr. Pittsburgh, Pa. HARVEY. ROBERT A. A.B. 2501 Miami St. South Bend. Ind Dean ' s List; Blue Circle; Innsbruck Club HAULER. TIMOTHY J. B.B.A. 12404 Darlington Garfleld Heights. Ohio HAVEL, RICHARD W. A.B. 638 Marguerita Santa Monica. Calif. HAWSS. GEOROE T. B.B.A. Rd 4, Donation Rd. Greenville, Pa. HAWKINS, L. S. Ban. B.S. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame. Ind. HRATON. J. MICHABL A.B. 145 W. Lincoln Seneca. HI. Football; Golf HEE. LAWRBNCR YAU S. B.Arch. P. Box 803 Wake Island HEr.EDi ' s, THEODORE J. B.B.A. 1202 Lin coin way South Bend. Ind. HatwtN. WILLIAM T. B.B.A. ISO Charles Court Seaford Manor. N.T. Beta Alpha Psl HEIGEL. KARL LUDWIO A.B. 448 Lakewood Detroit. Mich. HRINRMAN. BORER J. A.B. 1224 Central Ave. Connersville. Ind. Glee Club; Neighborhood Study Help Program HEINEMANN. ROBERT E. A.B. 19 Centerport Rd. Greenlawn, N.Y. Golf HEISLEE. DOUGLAS W. A.B. 1769 Paper Mill Rd. Meadowbrook. Pa. Blue Circle; Neighborhood Study Help Program; Boxing HELLMUTH. ANDREW P. B.B.A. 609 Westchester Springfield, Ohio Finance Club; ISO; Sailing Club HELMBR. MICHAEL F. A.B. 6570 NE. Windermere Seattle, Wash. HBNNEGAN, JAMES A. B.Arch. 514 Montauk Ave. New London, Conn. HENNESSEY. RICHARD F. LL.B. 8114 34th Ave. Jackson Rights. N.Y. Legal Aid Assoc. HENEICKS. JOHN A. A.B. 742 N. Oak Pk. Ave. Oak Park. 111. Film Society; Psychology Club HENRY, BEUCB T. B.B.A. 311 Chamberlln St. Dixon, 111. Dean ' s List; Beta Alpha Psi; Golf HERLRY, JOHN W. B.B.A. 7820 N. Nora Ave. Niles. 111. Management Club HERMANN. JOHN P. A.B. 1106 Greenwood Dr. Mount Prospect. 111. HBRR. ROBERT W. LL.B. 12972 Birrell Southgate, Michigan HERRICK. Tooo W. B.B.A. 244 Goshen Ave. Elkhart, Ind. HERRLY, PETER F. A.B. 800 Minnehaha Pkwy. Minneapolis, Minn. HESKBTT, BRUCE W. A.B. 8104 S. Jefferson Spokane. Wash. HESKIN, DAVID A. B.S. 142 Lincoln Ave. Elisabeth. N.J. A.I.Ch.E.; DOME Editor 198: IPP RICKEY, JAMBS A. A.B. 440 El Cerrito Ave. Hillsborough. Calif. Innsbruck Club HIGGINS. BRIAN P. B.S. Palmer Street Au Sable Forks. N.Y. A.S.C.E. V.P.; Knights of Columbus HIGGINS. MARTIN P. B.B.A. 5958 S. Komensky Ave. Chicago. 111. Young Republicans HIGGINS. PAUL F. A.B. 2643 Flossmoor Rd. Flossmoor. III. Student Senate HIGGINS. ROBERT F. B.S. 1306 Lincoln Way South Bend, Ind. HIPP. RONALD E. B.B.A. 518 S. Meridian Wichita. Kans. HOBY, THOMAS M. A.B. 1009 E. 39 St. Brooklyn. N.Y. HOFFMAN. JAMBS W. A.B. 1720 Fairmont Eugene. Ore. Innsbruck Club; Student Government; Pacific Northwest Club President HOPWEBER, JAMES E. B.S. 1264 Indianmound Birmingham. Mich. Alpha Sigma Mu; Swimming HOOAN. RICHARD A. B.S. 202 Runson Rd. Camp Hill. Pa. Aesculapians; Hospital Volunteer HOKE. JAMES R. B.B.A. 51 S. Wright Ave. Falrborn. Ohio Innsbruck Club HOLAHAN. WILLIAM L. B.8. 4 Long Pond Ct. Armonk. N.Y. HOLUNOSWORTH. DAN B.S. 3954 N. Kickapoo Shawnee. Okls HoLsiNGER. ROBERT E. B.P.A. 3466 Washington Rd. Fort Wayne, Ind. Film Society; Sailing Club Vice Commodore HOLSTEIN. THOMAS O. A.B. 10405 Georgia Ln. Oak Lawn. 111. Student Government Corres. Secretary; Zahm Hall Senator HOLTMEIER, DENIS G. B.B.A. Dupree Hse. Apt. Ill Erie Ave. Cincinatti. Ohio Senior Index HOLTZ. ROBERT F. A.B. 125 N. Riverside Dr. Elkhart. Ind. HOMER. RONALD A. A.B. 1166 Sterling PL Brooklyn. N.Y. HOOPER, ANTHONY I. A.B. 7087 Highbridg Rd. Fayetteville. N.Y. CII.A Chairman; Neighborhood Study Help Program HORN. GEORGE T., JR. B.B.A. Rd. 1 Columbia, Pa. Knights of Columbus HORNING, ROGER M. A.B. 1427 E. Colfax South Bend. Ind. HORTY. THOMAS J. B.B.A. 110 W. 7th Mishawaka. Ind. HORVATH, JOHN G. B.B.A. 2032 Sheffield Ave. Chicago, 111. HOTOVY. STEVAN G. B.S. Box 167 Dwight, Nebr. WSND HOWARD, KENNETH J. A.B. 1766 41st Ave. San Francisco. Calif. Cross Country; Track HRABAN. WALTER L. B.S. 2 Spencer Ln. Stony Brook. N.Y. I.E.E.E.; Joint Engineering Council; Technical Review Editor HUBER. JOSEPH R. B.S. 1035 Woodland Beverly. Ohio HrcK. EDWARD S. B.A. 189 Everett St. Fond Du Lac. Wise. Innsbruck Program; University Bands HUDSON. THOMAS G. B.S. 249 Monroe Ave. River Edge. N.J. I.E.E.E.: Student Government Press; WSND HUGHES. JOHN F. B.B.A. 1805 Third St. Moultrie. Ga. Rugby HUGHES. MICHAEL D. A.B. 6030 N. 2nd St. Phoenix. Aria. HULUHAN. JOHN P. B.S. Ill Nuttall Rd. Riverside. 111. University Bands HUNOBRTORD. KlNNBTH B.B.A. 2222 Onekama Dr. SE. Grand Rapids. Mich. HUNT. DENNIS A. A.B. 4 Sandgate PL Huntington Station. N.Y. Confraternity of Christian Doctrine Pres.; Junior Class HURLEY, JOSEPH J. B.B.A. 9318 S. Lawndale Evergreen Park, 111. HURLEY. TIMOTHY P. B.S. 310 Hayes St. Hollywood, Fla. HUSON. JAMBS V. B.S. 1651 Silver Pine Northbrook. 111. RUTCHINSON, JAMB S. B.S. 190 Beach 133rd St. Rockaway Park. N.Y. Pi Tau Sigma; Technical Review; Voice IrroLiTO. KENNETH P. A.B. 620 Clifton Ave. Clifton. NJ. IBWIN. MICHABL J. B.B.A. 302 Lakeshore Dr. West Washington, III. Innsbruck Club Izzo. MICHABL A. A.B 91 West Dr. Manhasset. N.Y. Pre-Law Society JANSBN. THOMAS R. B.S. 409 W. Jefferson Kokomo. Ind. ASME; Glee Club; Pi Tau Sigma JBDDBLOH. NORMAN P. A.B. StT Manchester Dr. Miahawaka. Ind Honor Council; University Bands JBUNBK. THOMAS II. B.S. 6287 Anthony Maple Heights, Ohio JBNDRZEJEWSKI. D. B.S. 807 Little Crk. Pky. Brooklyn Heights. Ohio T-f- rl =%? KELLKR . BRIAN M. A.B. JHlt_lfc;.X. JILOTY, RICHARD S. A.B. 1013 Summit Hills, Cress Creek Napervile, 111. Dome, Wrestling JOHNSON, JAMES A. B.S. 84 S. Clarkson Denver, Colo. CJF; Neighborhood Study Help Program; University Bands JOHNSON, KENNETH R. A.B. 1573 Kew Rd. Cleveland Heights, Ohio Weightlifting; Wrestling JOHNSON, ROBERT H. B.B.A. 2454 E. 33rd St. Tulsa, Okla. Management Club JOHNSON. TERRY R. B.B.A. 11350 Highway 40 St. Louis, Mo. JONES, DANIEL J. B.S. 34 Holton Ln. Essex Fells, N.J. JONES, ROBERT P. B.S. 9204 E. 63rd St. Raytown. Mo. Continental Service Club V.P.; International Relations Club JONES, RONALD W. B.S. 908 John St. Apt. IE Joliet, 111. Alpha Sigma Mu JONES, C.S.C., THOMAS J. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. JONES, WILLIAM E. A.B. 389 Durbin St. Gary, Ind. Dean ' s List; I.S.O.; Neighborhood Study Help Program JORDAN, DANIEL V. A.B. 720 Meadow Ln. Sycamore, HI. Bengal Bouts JORDAN, MICHAEL E. A.B. 3804 Calle Del Mte. Albuquerque, N.M. Honor Council JOYCE. LEONARD A. A.B. 1281 W. Washington South Bend, Ind. JURJEVIC, RICHARD A. B.S. 13052 Exchange Chicago, HI. AIAA; Lacrosse K KABAT. DAVID L. A.B. 920 Warrington Rd. Deerfield, HI. Student Manager KACHIK, JAMES R. B.Arch. R.R. 2, Box 83 Hockessin, Del. KADE, KEVIN G. B.B.A. KAISER, PAUL J. B.S. 1521 E. 196th St. Euclid, Ohio KALER. HERBERT C. A.B. 25 Hollywood Rd. Winchester, Mass. KALI.AL, PATRICK J. B.B.A. 413 McAdams Greenville, 111. KAMP. JOHN F. A.B. 301 Plymouth St. Lemars, Iowa KAPACINSKAS, THOMAS J. LL.B. 2225% Riverside Dr. South Bend. Ind. KARANDY, KARL L. B.S. 103 Alexander St. Schenectady, N.Y. Aesculapians; Lacrosse; YCS KARNES, WILLIAM M. B.B.A. 832 S. Lodge Ln. Lombard, 111. Deans List; Finance Club; Honor Council; Student Business Review Editor KAROL, JAMES P. B.B.A. 7237 N. Ridge Chicago, HI. KASSIN, THOMAS J. A.B. 3006 Loma Portal Michigan City, Ind. KAST, KENNETH N. B.S. 3713 N. Linwood Indianapolis, Ind. KEARNEY, DANIEL B.Arch. 9208 W. 121 St. Palos Park. Til. KEATING, THOMAS P. A.B. 7124 Helmsdale Rd. Bethesda, Md. KEBNAN, PATRICK J. A.B. 1608 Florence Dr. Albany. G. Rugby Club; Ski Club KELLEHER, BRIAN F. A.B. 310 Hickory Av. Garwood, N.J. Lacrosse; Pre-Law Society KELLEHER, MARK A.B. 11 Somerset St. Wethersfleld, Conn. 2906 Cortland PI. Washington, D.C. Basketball KELLEY, GREGORY J. B.B.A. 208 Montclair Glen Ellyn. HI. KELLEY, PAUL E. B.S. 18 Brookings St. Medford, Mass. KELLY, DENNIS M. LL.B. 2711 Loop Drive Cleveland 13, Ohio Notre Dame Lawyer KELLY, DENNIS P. B.B.A. 554 9th St. Brooklyn, N.Y. Beta Alpha Psi KELLY, GEORGE J., JR. A.B. 23 Lancer Rd. Riverside, Conn. KELLY, JOHN R. B.S. 317 Oregan Pen Acr. New Castle, Del. A.I.A.A.; Wrestling KELLY, Louis G. B.B.A. RR. 2 Madison, Ind. KELLY, MARK D. B.B.A. 698 Smoke Tree Rd. Deerfield. 111. KELLY, RICHARD J. A.B. 496 Wallis Rd. Rye, N.H. KELLY, RICHARD T. B.F.A. 7406 N. Claremont Chicago, 111. KELLY, TERRANCE R. LL.B. 615 Lindsey Decorah, Iowa KELLY, THOMAS A. B.B.A. 2 Knotty Pine Ln. Orange, Texas KELLY, WILLIAM P. A.B. Stop 35 Duneland Michigan City. Ind. Student Senate KELSEY, CHARLES P. B.S. 1959 Bosworth Ln. Northfield, HI. Bengal Bouts KBNEALY, WILLIAM J. A.B. 4102 Oliver St. Chevy Chase, Md. Rugby KENNEDY. JOHN F. A.B. 211 W. Hamilton St. New Hampton, Iowa KENNEDY, PATRICK J. B.S. 4016 N. 7th Tacoma, Wash. KENNY, BRIAN J. A.B. 5 Devonshire Ln. Great Neck, N.Y. Sailing Club; Track KENTON, JEFFREY J. B.B.A. 1420 W. Bay Rd. McHenry, 111. Sports Car Club KEPPNER, BRO., R. A. A.B. Box 186 Notre Dame, Ind. KERNAN. JOSEPH E. A.B. 3815 Ingomar St. Washington, D.C. Baseball KBRNICH, DAVID V. B.B.A. RR 1. Box 54 A Bethalto. 111. Marketing Club KESSLER, FRANCISCO B.S. 24 Castle Ridge Rd. Manhasset, N.Y. KEVIN, RICHARD C. A.B. 5838 N. Bay Ridge Milwaukee. Wis. Honor Council; Neighborhood Study Help KEYES, JEFFREY J. A.B. 3021 SW. 8th St. Fort Lauderdale, Fla. Blue Circle; Juggler; Wranglers KICKHAM, EDWARD F. A.B. 2717 Adams Blvd. Saprinaw, Mich. WSND; Young Republicans KIENA, HAROLD J. B.B.A. 23 E. Cheshire PI. Staten Island, N.Y. WSND KIL, DAVID L. A.B. 8336 Anemone Ln. Indianapolis, Ind. Psychology Club KILDUFF. DAVID C. B.S. 2405 E. Mitchell St. Humboldt, Tenn. KIMBALL. DANIEL W. B.B.A. 80 Chittenden Ave. Tuckahoe. N.Y. University Bands KING, PETER T. LL.B. 117-08-231 St. Jamaica, New York Gray ' s Inn; Legal Aid Assoc.; Moot Court KIRLIN. STEPHEN L. A.B. Rural Route 1 Buckingham. Iowa Knights of Columbus; Voice; YCS KIRSCHNER, GARY E. B.B.A. 4913 Wood St. Erie. Pa. KLAPETZKY, JAN A. B.S. 501 Court St. Syracuse. N.Y. KLEIN, GERALD H. B.B.A. 370 Crestview Ave. Akron, Ohio KLEIN, RICHARD H. A.B. 6511 North-wood Rd. Dallas, Texas KLINGENBERG, ARNOLD- A.B. 316 E. Weisheimer Columbus, Ohio KNACK, EDWARD J. B.B.A. 1009 Logan St. South Bend, Ind. KNAPP, MICHAEL F. B.S. 2804 NW, 115Th PI. Oklahoma City, Okla. A.I.Ch.E. KNAPP, WILLIAM J. A.B. 44 River St. Sidney . N.Y. KNAUS, JAMES M. B.B.A. 17165 Parkside Detroit, Mich. Business Review; Management KNIGHT, THOMAS F. B.S. 1847 Harrison Ave. Lincoln, Nebr. KNIPPER, GERALD W. B.B.A. 140 South J. St. Pensacola, Fla. KNIPPER, WALTER J. B.B.A. 184 Wyndale Rd. Rochester, N.Y. Lyons Hall Pres. KNOBLL. CHRISTOPHER A.B. 3042 E. Manor Dr. Phoenix, Aril. KNOWLES, THOMAS K. A.B. 1249 N. Austin Chicago, 111. Pre-Law Society; Sociology Club; YCS KODBSH. RAFAEL E. A.B. Box 9175 Santurce, Pr. Pan American Club KOGGB, PETER M. B.S. 10600 Stoneyhill Ct. Silver Springs. Md. I.E.E.E. KOHL, VINCENT L., JR. A.B. 2045 E. 72nd St. Chicago, 111. Blue Circle KOHORST, ROBERT L. A.B. RFD Box 2 Arcadia, Iowa KOLOM, ALFRED J. B.S. Governor ' s Mansion Springfield, 111. CILA KONDRACKB, EDWARD T B.S. 176 Ohio St. Hicksville. N.Y. KONIECNY, RUDOLPH A. A.B. 101 Telegraph Ave. Fairview, Mass. Football; Monagram Club KOPER, JAMES G. B.S. 26 Rutgers Ct. Wayne, N.J. KORCSMAR, JOHN S. A.B. 6550 Columbia Rd. Olmsted Falls, Ohio Scholastic KORTE, JOHN M. B.B.A. 1725 Westgate Dr. Fort Wayne. Ind. KOSLOW, MARK G. B.S. 5019 Olcott Ave. East Chicago, Ind. KOTZBNMACHER, R. E. A.B. 3327 Addison St. South Bend, Ind. KOWALSKI, JOHN C. B.S. 259 Itien Ct. South Haven, Mich. Biology Club KOYAK, PETER G. A.B. 110 E. Cleveland Spring Valley, 111. WSND KRATSCH, DALE G. B.S. PO, Box 162 Palatine, 111. KRIESE, JOHN T. B.S. 1810 Matagorda Dallas, Texas A.S.M.E.; Pi Tau Sigma; Technical Review KRISTIANSEN, ROLF P. A.B. 1554 Crestlyn Rd. York. Pa. KRISTL. TIMOTHY W. LL.B. 1907 Robin Rd. Warsaw, Ind. KRIZMANICH, STEPHEN A.B. 2111 S. Robinson South Bend, Ind. KRONK, MICHAEL A. A.B. 17620 Plainview Detroit. Mich. Pre.-Law Club KRUCHKO, GEORGE W. A.B. 625 S. County Line Hinsdale, III. KRULL. THOMAS K. B.S. 417 Saddlespur Rd. Webster Grove. Mo. Physics Club; University Bands; University Theatre KI. ' BIAK, ROBERT C. B.S. 488 Winchester St. Rochester, N.Y. A.S.M.E. KUKANKOS, JOHN A. A.B. 1120 N. 5th Ave. Maywood. 111. Confraternity of Christian Doctrine; Neighborhood Study Help Program KULCSAR, STEPHEN J. B.S. 348 Hazelwood Ave. Barberton, Ohio KUNDERT, MICHAEL H. B.B.A. 156 Bartell Dr. Appleton, Wis. Young Republicans KUROWSKI, STEPHEN A. -A.B. 801 W. 6th Ave. Gary, Ind. KURT, ROBERT J. B.B.A. 10823 Tanager Brecksville, Ohio KURTZ, EDWARD C., JR. A.B. 1700 Oriole St. New Orleans, La. KURTZ, RONALD P. B.B.A. Sharon Road Allentown, N.J. Track RUSH, MARK L. A.B. 69 Miller Rd. Lake Zurich, 111. KUZMICZ, MICHAEL A. B.S. 1414 N. Meade St. South Bend, Ind. A.S.M.E.; Football LADNY, KENNETH J. B.B.A. 283 Ave. A Bayonne, N.J. LAFFEY, WILLIAM T. A.B. 2418 Beaufort Ave. Pittsburgh, Pa. Pre-Law Society LAFLIN, MICHAEL J. B.S. 8161 Stratford Dr. St. Louis, Mo. A.S.C. LAFRANCE, RICHARD L. B.B.A. 1436 Drift Rd. Westport, Mass. Lacrosse; Management Club; Neighborhood Study Help Progra LAKE, BRIAN J. A.B. 2707 Elbridge Way Michigan City, Ind. LA MARCHE, JAY R. B.B.A. 983 Hall St. Manchester, N.H. LANDO, DAVID W. 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Physics Club; Young Democrats LAVIN, JOHN M. B.S. 727 Rankin Ave. Schenectady, N.Y. I.E.E.E.; WSND LAVIN, KEVIN J. A.B. 455 Maple Rd. Williamsville. N.Y. A.S.M.E. LAWLER, DESMOND F B S Crus her Hill Rd. Valley Cottage, N.Y. A.S.C. E.; CILA Sec.; Track LEAHY. WILLIAM J. A.B. 23 Salcombe St. Dorchester, Mass. CILA; Track LEE. DAVID R. A.B. 9235 N. Harding Skokie, 111. LEE. JAMES W. A.B. 35 Range Line Rd. Berrien Springs, Mich. LEE, JOSEPH M. B.S. P.O. Box 126 Leitchfeld, Ky. Blue Circle LEFOLDT. HARRY K. B.B.A. 2051 E Meadowbrook Jackson, Miss. LEGER, JAMES D. B.B.A. 2459 Chester St. Eureka, Calif. LEHAN, MICHAEL G. A.B. 1109 Jeroleman Dunlap. Iowa LBNDO, ARTHUR J. B.S. 19 Fairway Dr. Yardley, Pa. LENNON, THOMAS J. B.S. 157 84 St. Brooklyn, N.Y. LENSING. DAVID C. A.B. PO. Box 31 Lk. Providence, La. LENSKI, FRANCIS L. A.B. 2410 10th St. Peru, IU. Pre-Law Society LEOTTA, ALFRED J. A.B. 700 Lowell Ave. New Hyde Park. N.Y. LESCHBR, BRO. BRUCE A.B. James Hall Notre Dame, Ind. I.K-KII. JOHN J. B.B.A. 218 Hamilton Ave. Clifton, N.J. University Bands; WSND LESPERANCB. WILLIAM B.Arch. 1443 Lesperance Ct. Essexville, Mich. LEWIS, EDWARD L. A.B. 144 Mutton St. Jersey City, N.J. LEWIS. P. TIMOTHY A.B. 6125 Ash Ave. Gary. Ind. LIBS, JOHN J. B.B.A. 222 Lormar St. Benton Harbor. Mich. LIEBMERR. JAMES M. A.B. 534 Clark St. Toledo, Ohio LIEBLER, EDWARD T. B.B.A. 326 S 19th Ct. Terre Haute, Ind. Beta Alpha Psi; Commerce Forum LIES, MARK A. A.B. 99 Forest Ave. Riverside, 111. LIND, RODNEY N. B.Arch 1715 S 55th Tacoma, Wash. LINDGREN, JOHN A. A.B. 516 Somerset Dr. Indianapolis, Ind. LINEHAN, WILLIAM S. B.B.A. 2004 Jameson St. Washington, D.C. LINNERT, TERRENCE G. B.S. Sugarbush Ln. Gates Mills. Ohio I.E.E.E. LISKA, JAMES A. B.S. 238 Melville Ln. Sewickley, Pa. LITTRELL, CARL P. B.S. 902 N. Third Louisiana, Mo. A.S.C. E. Sec. LIVINGSTON. BYRON N. B.Arch. 1213 Marbee Dr. Omaha, Nebr. LOARIE, THOMAS M. B.S. 853 Oxford Dr. Deerfield, III. A.S.M.E.; YCS; Young Republicans LOCHER, JAMES J. A.B. 308 N. Gill Monticello, Iowa CILA; Pre-Law Society LOCHER, JOHN F. A.B. 2451 Grande Ave. Cedar Rapids, Iowa CILA; Luna LONERGAN, MICHAEL D. A.B. 331 Meadow Ln. Mason City, Iowa LONG, PATRICK J. B.S. 377 Vermont Ave. Irvington, N.J. AFROTC Drill Team; Sports Car Club LONGHTI, JOHN A. B.S. 32 Lester Place Larchmont, N.Y. Football LONTAI. ADAM A. B.Areh. 902 S. 23rd St. South Bend, Ind. LOPEZ. OWEN M. 1.1. H. 1622 San Patricio S.W. Albuquerque, N.M. Gray ' s Inn LORDAN. JEREMY B. B.S. 356 Whittier Joliet. 111. LUNA LORKNZ. RiriiAKH W. B.S. Rural Route 2 Shelbyville, Ind. University Bands LOUOIIREN. JAMES J. B.S. 609 Delano Ave. Vestal, N.Y. LOVERDE. JAMES M. A.B. 606 Andy Dr. Melrose Park. 111. Bengal Bouts; Innsbruck Club LUBBERS, DOUGLASS B.S. 9 Plainview Ave. Ardsley. N.Y. University Bands LUBY, JOHN M. I! Arch. 3404 Navajo Dr. Dallas, Texas LUCCHBSE, BENEDICT B.B.A. 185 E. Lincoln Ave. White Plains. N.Y. LUNORXN. DANIEL E. A.B. 4180 Chestnut Ave. Long Beach, Calif. Dean ' s List; Neighborhood Study Help Program LYMAN. JAMES G. A.B. 86 Indian Hill Winnetka. 111. LYMAN, RICHARD E. A.B. 6005 Kirby Rd. Bethesda. Md. LYNCH, DAVID E. B.S. 2350 Pemberton Toledo, Ohio A.S.M.E.; Neighborhood Study Help Program LYNCH, JAMES A. A.B. 5328 Highgrove Pittsburgh, Pa. LYNCH, JAMES C. B.Arch. 216 Beechwood Rd. Oradell, N.J. LYNCH, JOHN K. B.S. 1810 Mclntosh PI. Jacksonville, Fla. LYSAUOHT. JAMES V. B.S. 2808 Elbridge Wy. Michigan City, Ind. M MACGILVRAY, JOHN A. B.B.A. 1119 S. Curtis Ave. Kankakee, 111. MACIARDELLO. L. A. B.B.A. 815 Broadway Mechanicville. N.Y. MACINTOSH, DUNCAN B.S. 12 Mill Spr. Rd. Manhasset, N.Y. Lacrosse MACKIN. MICHAEL H. B.S. 804 S. Greenwood Kankakee, HI. A.S.M.E. MADDEN, THOMAS F. B.B.A. 317 N. Second St. Libertyville. HI. MADONNA, STEVE J. LL.B. 71 Evergreen Ave. New Providence, N.J. Gray ' s Inn; Junior Class Pres.; Moot Court MAGINN. RICHARD E. B.B.A. 10 Grasmere Ave. Massena. N.Y. MAGLIO, GERARD A. A.B. 6 Leatherstocking Scarsdale. N.Y. Westchester Club Pres. MAHALAK, BERNARD L. B.B.A. 2330 Twentieth St. Wyandotte. Mich. MAIIAR. SEAN A.B. 2718 Argyle Rd. Montgomery, Ala. MAIIAR. CHARLES J. B.F.A. 188 NE 92 St. Miami Shores, Fla. MALLOY. PATRICK J. A.B. 2632 S. Columbia PL Tulsa. Okla. Golf MALONEY, L. D. A.B. 100 N. Grant. Apt. 5C Kittanning. Pa. Observer; Voice MALOOLY, JAMES P. B.B.A. 24S N. Branch Rd. Glenview, HI. MANGOLD. CHARLES V. A.B. 105 Lewis Ct. Pittsburgh. P. MANION, CHRISTOPHER A.B. 51187 N. Laurel Rd. South Bend. Ind. MANNKLLY. JOSEPH B. B.B.A. 3024 Lake Forest Dr. Augusta, Ga. Dixie Club Sec. MANNING, FRANK B. B.S. 2X77 Roseneath Rd. Huntington W.Va. MANNING, RICHARD L. LL.B. 8758 Ozanam St. Nile.. III. Gray ' s Inn; Legal Aid Assoc.; Moot Court MANROD. WILLIAM E. B.S. 324 Bellevue Dr. Bowling Green, Ky. MANSOUE, ALFRED, JR. B.B.A. 842 Cherokee I.a Grange, Ga. Ski Club MARCELLI, OLIVER J. A.B. 23 Chestnut St. Red Bank, N.J. Fencing MARINO. KENNETH R. B.S. 78 Petrie Rd. Coraopolis, Pa. MAROTTA. JOHN J. B.S. 8904 34th Ave. Jackson Heights, N.Y. MAROTTA. ROBERT D. A.B. 290 Jerome Ave. Carle Place, N.Y. MARSH. EDWARD J. A.B. 2112 Woodland Park Ridge. HI. Chicago Club Sec. MARSHALL. ROY T. A.B. 3910 Lantern Ln. Columbus. Ind. MARSICANO. VINCENT A.B. 200 Ave. of the Americas New York, N.Y. MARTELLARO, JOSEPH B.B.A. 1020 N. Twyckenham South Bend. Ind. MARTIN. DAVID K. A.B. 3311 W. 50th Shawnee Miss. Kan. A.I.E.S.E.C.; Football MARTIN. GARY M. B.Arch. 8170 Lillian Center Line, Mich. MARTINO. ANTHONY C. B.Arch. 1206 Leeds St. Utiea. N.Y. MASHUDA, FRANK C. A.B. 1245 Blanchester Lyndhurst, Ohio MASLEY, JOHN M. B.S. 116 Owasco St. Auburn. N.Y. MASSARO. JOHN J. A.B. 309 Hamilton St. Albion. N.Y. MATHEWS. THOMAS E. A.B. 4123 Free Ferry Ln. Fort Smith. Ark. MATIASEVTCH. LAURIE B.S. 519 Washington Wat son vi lie. Calif. MATTEL CHARLES M. B.S. RD. 2. Rlendale Avoca. Pa. A.S.C.E. Pres.; Lacrosse MATTURRO. WILLIAM P. A.B. 124 S. Valley Rd. West Orange, N.J. MAUTTE. DANIEL F. A.B. 1132 Northlawn Birmingham, Mich. MAVES. JOHN H. B.Arch. 1704 Belmont Rd. Grand Forks. N.Dak. MAXWELL. JOHN J. B.S. 528 W. Angela South Bend, Ind. MAY. KENNETH L. B.S. 1110 N. Sixth St. Reading. Pa. MAY. MICHAEL P. B.S. 1770 Church Rd. Aurora, 111. MAY. PAUL A. A.B. I or, Cedar St. Alexandria, Va. Football MAY. ROBERT J. B.S. 25 Thistle Lea Williamsville. N.Y. MAYNARD, JOHN T. A.B. Quality Ct. Motel Ormond Beach, Fla. MAZANEC. JAMES F. A.B. 6795 Green Ridge Solon, Ohio MCADAMS. MICHAEL X. A.B. 155 Eagle Rock Way Montclair. N.J. Scholastic Sports Ed. McARDLE. JOSEPH A. B.B.A. 1612 Southwood Ave. South Bend. Ind. Scholastic; Wrestling MCAULIPPE. NICHOLAS A.B. Holiday Inn Fayetteville. N.C. MI-BRIDE, DENNIS P. B.S. 1503 Argyle Rd. Wantagh. N.Y. MCCABE, JERROLD J. A.B. 2311 Elmwood Dr. S.E. Grand Rapids. Mich. Sailing Club; Ski Club MrCAPTERY. LAWRENCE A.B. 341 Vineyard Runcanville. Texas Bridge Club Pres.; Film Society; Golf McCArpREY. WILLIAM J. B.S. 484 Centre St. Milton, Mass. WSND McCANN, THOMAS W. A.B. 7838 Oglesby Ave. Chicago. 111. MCCARTHY, BRIAN J. B.S. 51 Fairview Ave. Verona. N.J. Honor Council; YCS MCCARTHY. BRIAN T. A.B. 916 Hammond Dr. North Augusta, S.C. Neighborhood Study Help; YCS MCCARTHY. DAVID W. LL.B. 49 Myers Ave. Ricksville, N.Y. MCCARTHY, JAMES R. A.B. 7 30th St. Ct. Terr Haute, Ind. Student Manager MCCARTHY, KEVIN R. A.B. 7 Quailways Creve Coeur, Mo. Neighborhood Study Help; Scholastic; Student Manager MCCARTHY, MICHAEL D. A.B. 1807 N. 77 Ave. Elmwood Park, HI. MCCARTHY, MICHAEL C. A.B. 1900 Downing St. Greensboro, N.C. Confraternity of Christian Doctrine McCLOEY, THOMAS I. A.B. 199 E. Lake Shore Dr. Chicago. 111. McCLOSKEY. T. D., JB. A.B. fiOO Ballytore Rd. Voice; WSND; Young Democrats MCCORMICK. MICHAEL A.B. 9SO Makalwa St. Honolulu, Hawaii Badin Hall Tress. MCCORMICK. STEVEN D. A.B. 42 Enfield Rd. St. Louis. Mo. McCoY, JACK T. B.S. 43 Manhassett Tr. Medford Lake . N.J. McCo Y, JAMES J. B.S. 1917 Robbins Ave. Niles. Ohio MCCRACKEN, DAVID B.S. 212 Rumbold Ave. North Tonawanda, N.Y. McCus. JAMES A. A.B. 746 Broad St. Shrewsbury, N.J. McCULLOUOH, M. F. A.B. 1038 N. Niles Ave. South Bend. Ind. Voice; YCS MCDANIBL. ROBERT 8. B.S. 907 Hanlev Rd.. Apt. 9 Clayton, Mo. A.C.S.; Knights of Columbus McDERMorr. THOMAS A.B. 343 Ball Park Grand Rapids, Mich. Neighborhood Study Help Program MCDONALD, JOSEPH W. B.B.A. 69 Reinsert Ave. Wappingers Fall, N.Y. MCDONALD. ROBERT K. B.B.A. 95 Grand Ave. Falmouth. Mass. Student Senate MI-DONALD, SAMUEL G. B.S. 4701 Kenmore Ave. Alexandria. Va. McGAREY, MICHAEL T. A.B. 47 Continental Rd. Schendectady, N.Y. McGnj.. MICHAEL R. A.B. 6727 Osborn Hammond. Ind. Football; Monogram Club McGoucH. MATTHEW L. B.B.A. 940 Olive St. Florence. Ala. Dixie Club Sec. McGovEEN. T. DAVID A.B. 445 Sunset Barrington. III. WSND Mc GRATH, JOHN J. A.B. 609 8. Elmwood Oak Park. 111. Bengal Bouts MCGRATH, THOMAS J. B.S. 778 Clinton Ave. Westwood. N.J. Dean ' s List; A.I.Ch.E. McGREEVY. TIMOTHY A.B. 2505 Maryknoll Dr. Sioux Falls. S.Dak. Young Republicans McGuAN. AUSTIN R. B.S. 8131 S. Maplewood Chicago. III. Dean ' s List; Alpha Epailon Delta McGuiRE. MICHAEL F. B.S. 921 N. Francis South Bend, Ind. McHARG, MICHAEL O. B.S. 424 N. Union Ave. Cranford, N.J. A.S.M.E. MclNERNEY, MICHAEL A.B. 24502 Winona Dearborn, Mich. Scholastic Editor MclNTYRE, MICHAEL P. A.B. 3004 Turner St. A lien town. Pa. McKsNNA. THOMAS E. A.B. 7201 Crandon Ave. Chicago, III. MCKENNA, THOMAS F. A.B. 2148 Ross St. Madison, Ind. McKEON, MICHAEL J. A.B. 316 E. 7th Ave. Anaconda, Mont. Rugby McKntcHY, JAMES R. B.B.A. 107 Cambrook Row Williamsville. N.Y. MCLAUGHLIN. JOHN A.B. 4148 W. 219 St. Fairview Park. Ohio McLocHLiN, JAMBS P. B.B.A. 511 Riviera Apt. Little Rock, Ark. MCMAHON, PATRICK J. A.B. 324 Burns St. Forest Hills, N.Y. McMANUs, BRIAN J. A.B. 4 Woodlawn Ave. E. Utica, N.Y. McMENAMiN, JOHN R. A.B. 45 Cody Lane Deerfteld. HI. MCMULLAN, MICHAEL P. A.B. 1512 Calif St. NE. Albuquerque, N.M. AIESEC; Y.C.S. McNALLY, RlAN J. B.B.A. 4267A Pleasanton Ave. Pleasanton, Calif. McNULTY, LEONARD L. A.B. 1642 N. Fremont South Bend, Ind. McPARTLIN, RICHARD F. B.S. 9554 Long-wood Chicago. 111. Bengal Bouts MCSHANE, JOHN Q. A.B. 7139 Cornell University City. Mo. McSwEENEY. EUGENE T. B.B.A. 14 Mann Ave. Needham. Mass. Student Manager McTiouE. BRIAN J. A.B. 604 N. 13th St. Fort Dodge. Ind. Debate; YCS MEANEY, JOHN M. A.B. 33 Yale St. Garden City. N.Y. Wrestling MEATHE. EDWARD A. B.S. 8044 S. Sargent Ave. Whittier. Cali f. Fencing; I.E.E.E.; Kampus Keglers MEHLMANN. JOSEPH B.S. 814 Hankes Ave. Aurora, 111 MBLEWICZ, FRANK M. B.S. 6703 McCahill Terr. Laurel. Mo. Judo Club: Neighborhood Study Help Program MEIX NB. RALPH Jos. B.S. 9 Beech Mount Top, Pa. MKLSHEIMER. JOHN T. A.B. 4238 Mendenhall Dallas. Texas Scholastic MELZER, RANDALL C. B.B.A. 1717 Brighton Beach Rd. Menasha. Win. MBNICHETTI. RONALD B.B.A. 320 Murphy Ave. Endicott. N.Y. MENTONE, FRANCIS W. A.B. 5SS9 Midway Pk. Chicago. HI. Golf; Junior Class V.P. MESSINA. RONALD A. A.B. 20 Buttonwood Dr. Shrewsbury. N.J. Morissey Senator; N.S.A.; Student Government MBTZ. ROBERT W. B.S. 10S Hu ' elton St. Ridgefield Park. N.J. Scholastic MICEK. WAYNE J. B.B.A. 2305 N. Rutherford Chicago, HI. MICHAELS. PATRICK G. B.B.A. 4614 Standish Dr. Fort Wayne. Ind. Knights of Columbus MIDDLE-TON. WALTER F. B.S. 1632 L. W. E. Mishawaka. Ind. MIGAS. JAMBS F. A.B. Amherst Junct. 187 Wisconsin Neighborhood Study Help Program MIKA. PHILIP J. B.S. 1637 Canfield Rd. Youngstown. Ohio Aeaculapians; Alpha Epsilon Delta; Student Government Senior Index MIKLUSAK, THOMAS . 1005 150th St. Hammond. Ind. Choir; Hospital Volunteer MIKSIS, PAUL J. A.B. 26 Greenleaf Dr. Danvers. Mass. MILCETICH, JOHN O. B.S. 221 S. McKinley Alliance. Ohio Dean ' s List; Fencing; Neighborhood Study Help Program MILLER. JOHN M. B.S. 16500 Westmoreland Detroit, Mich. A.C.E. MILLER. (Bro. ) JOHN T. A.B. Notre Dame, Ind. MILLER, LAWRENCE E. LL.B. 2822 Milburn Blvd. Mishawaka, Ind. MILLER. WILLIAM F. B.B.A. 1578 Williamsbridge Bronx. N.Y. Film Society; Marketing Club MILLMAN. DENNIS G. B.S. 3820 Old Marion Rd. Cedarrapid. Ind. MINGEY. THOMAS J. B.S. 2591 Pin Oak Dr. Media, Penna. MINTON, MICHAEL H. A.B. 800 So. I-Oka Mount Prospect, 111. Morissey Hall Pres.; Senior Class Pres. MISURACA. SAM P. B.B.A. 15225 Fordham Detroit, Mich. Innsbruck Club MrzERNY, JAMES A. A.B. 1542 Park Ridge Toledo, Ohio MOPTITT. ROBERT J. B.S. Sunhill Drive Florence, Maine MOI.INEI.LI. JOHN J. B.B.A. 4409.7th Ave. Rock Island. HI. MONACO, JOSEPH W. B.B.A. 307 4th St. Butler, Pa. Glee Club MOONEY, JAMES D. B.S. 247 Overpeck Ave. Ridgefield Park. N.J. Alpha Phi Omega; Eta Kappa Nu; University Theatre MOORE. MICHAEL T. A.B. 118 W. McKibben Lima, Ohio MOORE. ROBERT G. A.B. 120 Darwin Dr. Snyder. N.Y. MOORE. THOMAS P. B.B.A. 1829 N. 78th Ave. Elmwood Park, III. MOORE. THOMAS S. A.B. 1513 Ashland Ave. River Forest. HL MOORE, VniLYN B., Ill A.B. 1874 W. Wesley Rd. Atlanta. Ga. Dean ' s List; Baseball MORAN. JOHN D. A.B. 21 Perkins St. Peabody, Mass. Arts and Letters Business Forum; Pre-I-aw Society MORAN, JOSEPH T. A.B. 405 S. I-Oka Mt. Prospect. HI. A.C.S.; Swimming; YCS MOBDAN. G. WILLIAM B.S. 525 King George Rd. Cherry Hill. N.J. MORIN. ALFRED L. A.B. 1141 Great Plain Needham. Mass. MORIN. ROBERT H. B.Arch. 208 Adams St. Agawam. Mass. MOBREY. WlLLARD C. B.S. 14212 S. Edhrooke Riverdale. HI. MORRIS. PETER R. B.S. 9 Canterbury Lane Columbus, Ohio A.S.M.E. Pres.: Glee Club; Pi Tau Sigma; CILA MORRISON. ALFRED M. B.8. ' 34 E. Main St. Corry, Pa. A.I.A.A.; Wrmtling MORRISSEY. J. DENNIS A.B. Summit Hse. Apt. 303 400 N. University Little Rock. Ark. MIIRRIHSEY. TIMOTHY A.B. 5611 Brookview AT . Edina. Minn. Wrestling MORROW. BRUCE W. A.B. 211 South West St. Geneva. N.Y. Senior Index MURBA JOHN D - BF A MORROW, PHILIP G. B.S. 703 Circle HI. Rd. Louisville, Ky. MORTON, PAUL M B.B.A. 39 Larch wood Rd. Larchmont, N.Y. MOUNTCASTLE, JOHN A. B.B.A. 3089 Shore Drive Merrick, N.Y. Bengal Bouts; Knights of Columbus; Student Manager MOXHAM. WALTER E. A.B. 4393 E. Lake Rd. Wilson, N.Y. MOYE, FRANK H. A.B. 1017 W. Wright Rd. Greenville, N.C. DOME MUDD, BRIAN R. B.B.A. 417 13th St. Baraboo. Wise. MULDOON, JAMES K. A.B. 100 Central Ave. Sausalito. Calif. MULFLUR, JAMES H. B.S. 1031 Queen St. E. Sault Ste. Marie Ontario, Canada MULHALL, JOHN F. A.B. 7800 Charleston Dr. Bethesda, Md. MULHERN, JAKES A. B.S. 340 Francis St. Drexel Hill, P. Geology Club; Junior Parents Weekend; Weight Lifting MULLAN, TERRENCE E. B.B.A. Sunside Rd. E. Durham, N.Y. A.S.M.E.; Knights of Columbus; WSND MULLIGAN, JOHN T. A.B. 22249 Douglas Shaker Heights, Ohio MULLIGAN, THOMAS F. B.S. 432 S. Columbia St. Naperville, HI. A.S.C.E.; Neighborhood Study Help Program MULLIN, BRIAN E. B.B.A. 33 Third St. Ayer, Mass. MULUNS, MICHAEL J. B.B.A. 6481 S. Sheridan Tacoma. Wash. MULVIHILL, STEPHEN B.Arch. 1070 East Court St. Kankakee, HI. Architecture Club; WSND MUNCHMEYER, RAY P. B.B.A. 110 Elm Lane New Hyde Park. N.Y. Management Club MUNSCH. HAROLD M. B.Arch. 14114 Kimberley Ln. Houston, Tex. MUNSCH, RICHARD J. A.B. 1210 Mt. Royal Blvd. Pittsburgh, Pa. Chess Club MURLEY, RICHARD A. B.S. 523 Bermuda New Orleans, La. A.S.C.E. MURPHY, CHRISTOPHER A.B. 6390 Lakeview Dr. Falls Church, Va. Student Body President; Student Senate MURPHY, EDWARD S. B.S. 405 N. Galena Dixon. niinois Aesculapians: Alpha Epsilon Delta; Ski Club MURPHY. JAMES D. A.B. 132 First Ave. Pittsburgh, P. MURPHY. JOHN B. B.S. 10426 White Bridge Creve Coeur, Mo. Aesculapian Club; Rugby Club; Weightlifting Club MURPHY, MURLAN J. B.S. 16612 Aldersyde Shaker Heights, Ohio Dome Photograph Editor; Junior Parent Weekend; Track MURPHY, RAYMOND G. B.S. 21 Fairway Dr. Bethpage, N.Y. MURPHY, ROBERT J. B.B.A. 5237 W. Kamerling Chicago, HI. MURPHY. THOMAS E. B.S. 4416 Glenridge St. Kensington, Md. Aesculapians; Tennis MURRAY. FRANCIS O. B.Arch. 11 Charles St. Newburyport, Mass. Tau Beta Pi; Technical Review MURRAY, FREDERICK O. B.B.A. 16668 Knollwood Dr. Granada Hills. Calif. MURRAY, JEREMIAH J. B.S. 111 Lapham St. Rochester, N.Y. 314 S. Kenilworth Elmhurst, 111. MURRAY, MICHAEL D. A.B. 532 Robert John Rd. Grosse Point Woods, Mich. MURTAUGH, MICHAEL F. A.B. 641 Rose Drive Mclrose Park. HI. MUSKUS, BRIAN F. B.S. 1011 Fielding Rd. Sidney, Ohio AFROTC Drill Team; A.I.A.A.; Arnold Air Society MUZYKA, JOHN W. A.B. 164 Rosalie Dr. East Meadow, N.Y. MYERS, JOHN T. B.B.A. 1021 Swarthmore New Cumberland, Pa. MYERS, RUSSELL F. B.B.A. 1048 S. Lee Ave. Morton. 111. Alpha Phi Omega MYERS, STEPHEN C. A.B. 146 W. Bluff Streator. 111. MYLOTT, RAYMOND L. B.B.A. 166 Dartmouth Ave. Fair Haven, N.J. N NBAS, RALPH G. A.B. 1435 Shawnee Pass Brookfleld, Wis. Dean ' s List; Hospital Volunteer NEBEL, THEODORE H. A.B. 1123 N. East Ave. Oak Park, 111. Pre-Law SocietyjYCS NBGRELLI, DONALD E. B.S. 35649 Dorchester Gates Mills, Ohio NELSON, THOMAS L. B.S. 8918 S. Racine Ave. Chicago, HI. A.I.Ch.E.; Neighborhood Study Help Program; Technical Review NBNOFF, ROBERT J. B.B.A. RD 1, Box 206 Greensburg, Pa. Fencing; Management Club; Ski Club NEUHAUSER. CHARLES J. B.S. 10030 Chapel Rd. Potomac, Md. CJF; I.E.E.E.; University Bands NEUMAN, DAVID J. A.B. 909 S. East St. Bucyrus, Ohio NEUMAN, GREGORY A. A.B. 8816 Menard Ave. Morton Grove, 111. Dome NEWMAN, PAUL F. B.B.A. 76 May St. Needham, Mass. NICHOLLS WILLIAM H. B.S. 726 Bridgeman Terr. Towson, Md. NIEOERMAN, LEO G. B.S. 4372 E. Presidio PI. Tucson, Aril. Lacrosse NIEMITZ, JOHN A. A.B. 13365 Nicolet Ave. Elm Grove, Wis. Neighborhood Study Help Program NIESSEN, LEONARD E. A.B. 53 Farm Ln. Great Neck, N.Y. Lacrosse NIOON, RICHARD T. B.S. 413 Kerwin Rd. Silver Spring, Md. NOEL, JOHN E. A.B. 5646 Kenneth Chicago, 111. NOETHEN, THOMAS R. B.S. 339 W. Morrell Jackson, Mich. NOONAN, PETER J. A.B. 27 Academy St. Lee, Mass. Sociology Club NOONAN, ROBERT W. A.B. 20 Standish Circle Wellesley Hills, Mass. Lacrosse NOREN, RICHARD W. B.S. 315 S. Summit Villa Park. 111. A.C.S. Trems. NORTH, PHILLIP K. A.B. 6141 Locke St. Fort Worth, Texas NORWOOD. DWIGHT L. B.S. 646 Sudley Rd. Manassas, Va. NOVACO, RAYMOND W. A.B. 541 N.E. 3rd Ave. Fort Lauderdale, Fla. NOVAK, EDWARD J. B.B.A. 1102 Foster St. South Bend, Ind. NOWAK. PAUL T. A.B. 10234 Tarpon Dr. Treasure Island, Fla. Scholastic NULTY, JAMES P. B.F.A. 2468 Sinclair, N.E. Grand Rapids, Mich. NUNGESSER, WILLIAM L. A.B. 3154 Redwood Rd. Cleveland Heights, Ohio Ski Club; Sociology Club OBIALI, DANIEL M. B.B.A. 1634 W. 92nd PI. Chicago, 111. Management Club O O ' BRIEN, JOHN G. A.B. 213 So. Hi-Lusi Mount Prospect, 111. Arts Letters Business Forum; Junior Parent Weekend O ' BRIEN. JOHN R. B.B.A. 34 Fairhaven Dr. Hillsdale, N.J. O ' BRIEN, ROBERT E. A.B. 2 Babson St. Wakefield, Ma. University Bands O ' BRIEN. TIMOTHY M. A.B. 605 Linden Ave. Wilmette, El. O ' BRYAN, CHARLES M. A.B. P.O. Box 218 Saint Paul, Kan. O ' CONNELL, JOSEPH P. B.B.A. 5750 N. Delaware Indianapolis, Ind. O ' CONNOR, CHARLES D. A.B. Edgehill Rd. Shelbyville, Ind. Sociology Club O ' CONNOR, CRAIG V. A.B. 42 Winchester Rd. Livingston, N.J. CILA; Lacrosse O ' CONNOR, JOHN D. A.B. 4224 Wash. Blvd. Indianapolis, Ind. Indianapolis Club Treas.; Tennis; Senior Class V.P. ODDOU, MICHAEL J. B.S. 69 Lawndale Dr. Tiffin. Ohio O ' DEA, DENNIS M. A.B. 60 Winthrop Ave. Lowell, Mass. ODGERS, STEPHEN L. LL.B. 3920 Pinecroft Claremont, Calif. O ' DONNELL, JOHN J. B.B.A. 571 N. Broadway Yonkers. N.Y. O ' FALLON, DENNIS M. B.S. 8 Hortense PI. St. Louis, Mo. O ' FARRELL, TIMOTHY J. A.B. 1434 Shanley Dr. Columbus, Ohio O ' HAGAN, MARTIN J. B.S. 5 Middleton Rd. Garden City. N.Y. A.I.A.A. O ' HANLON, MICHAEL D. A.B. 1552 Fourth St. Rensselaer, N.Y. O ' HARA, JOHN C. A.B. 143 40 Poplar Ave. Flushing, N.Y. Neighborhood Study Help Program; University Bands O ' HARE, DENNIS Jos. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. O ' KEEFE, FRANK J. B.S. 703 N. Downing St. Piqua, Ohio A.S.M.E.; Pi Tau Sigma OLDANI, RICHARD P. B.S. 1522 Stratford Ct. Joliet. 111. O ' LEARY, THOMAS M. A.B. 171 E. Maynard Columbus. Ohio Football; Monogram Club OLNEY, GARRETT W. A.B. 882 Paramount Rd. Oakland. Calif. Blue Circle OLSON, MICHAEL J. A.B. Caixa Post 548-ZC-OO Rio de Janeiro. Brazil Student Manager O ' MALLEY, HUGH O., 421 White Oak Dr. Town Hse. E. Apts. Mishawaka. Ind. CILA; Football O ' MARA, THOMAS J. A.B. 229 Clements Br. Rd. Runnemede, N.J. O ' MARA, WILLIAM P. A.B. 158 Park Hill Ave. Yonkers, N.Y. Sailing Club; Sociology Club; WSND O ' MEARA, DENNIS R. B.S. 321 S. Lorraine Los Angeles, Calif. Knights of Columbus; Young Republicans O ' NEIL, GEORGE M. A.B. 132 Pin Oak S. 2B Mishawaka, Ind. O ' NEIL. WILLIAM J. A.B. 286 South Rose Blvd. Akron, Ohio JR. A.B. O ' NEILL. MARK J. B.S. 1244 Forest Ave. Maysville. Ky. O ' REILLY. MICHAEL J. A.B. R.R. 3 Lafayette. Ind. O ' REILLY, THOMAS K. A B. 7704 Harwood PI. Springfield. Va. Crew; Student Manager ORGA, FRANK M. B.B.A. 106 Camby Dr. Pittsburgh. Pa. Baseball; Monogram Club ORLOFF, JOSEPH C. B.Arch. 4143 Antique Ln. Bloomfield Hill, Mich. O ' ROURKE. JAMES S. B.B.A. 1423 Cascade Ave. Billings, Mont. AFROTC Drill Team; Arnold Air Society; Sports Car Club ORR, THOMAS S. B.S. 805 Thompson St. Rock ledge Philadelphia. Pa. O ' SHAUOHNESSY. W. E. B.S. 218 E. 16th St. South Sioux City, Nebr. Physics Club OTTO, EUGENE P., Ill B.S. 200 Shell St. Harrisburg, Pa. University Bands PACELLA. PATRICK P. LL.B. 30 Bright Ave. Campbell. Ohio Grays ' s Inn PACKEY, TIMOTHY E. A.B. 29 High St. Lake Ronkonkoma, N.Y. PAIGE, BRO. JOHN R. B.S. St. James Hall Notre Dame. Ind. PAPESH, GREGORY B. A.B. 1218 Old Hickory Ln. East Lansing, Mich. Hockey Club; Neighborhood Study Help Program PARACCHINI. DANIEL B.B.A. 70 North Dr. Valley Stream, N.Y. PARKER, HERBERT B. A.B. 1621 W. Summit San Antonio, Texas WSND PASOS, GABRIEL I. B.S. Frente Parque Colon Granda. Nicaragua PASQUINELLI, M. J. B.B.A. 10037 S. Clifton Pky. Evergreen. 111. PASSAREI.LI. RONALD B.Arch. 902 Stonewall Ave. Trinidad. Colo. A.I.A.; LUNA PAUL, DAVID F. A.B. 1 Jennings Rd. Westboro, ME. Alpha Epsilon Delta; Bengal Bouts; CILA PEARSON, JOHN H. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame. Ind. Psychology Club PELACCIO, ERNEST J. B.S. Ft. Hill Village Scarsdale, N.Y. PELLECCHIA, LEONARD B.B.A. 311 Mt. Prospect Ave. Newark, N.J. Fencing; Senior Class Sec. PENOTE, JOHN S. A.B. 2864 Montgomery Rd. Shaker Heights, Ohio PERCIO. DAVID R. B.S. 751 East 331 St. Eastlake, Ohio Amateur Radio Communications Club; I.E.E.E.E. PERGINE, JOHN S. B.B.A. 315 Lucetta St. Norristown, Pa. Football PERKINS, JAMES R. B.Arch. 4503 W. Beach Rd. Oconomowoc, Wis. PERO, JEFFBRY T. A.B. 472 Winona Blvd. Rochester, N.Y. Dean ' s List; Fencing; Monogram Club; Soccer Club PETER, JEROME P. B.B.A. 18 Pembroke Rd. Louisville, Ky. PETERS, BRIAN E. B.S. 7021 Perry Terr. Brooklyn. N.Y. A.S.C.E.; Baseball PSTRO. JOSEPH C. B.B.A. 15 Bayberry Ave. Garden City. N.Y. Beta Alpha Psi PFBFFER, WILLIAM D. B.S. 4210 Minnesota Ave. Duluth. Minn. PFBIL. EDGAR T. B.S. 7938 Roseland La Jolla, Calif. PHILBIN, EDWARD J. A.B. 68 Wilson St. Clinton, Mass. Neighborhood Study Help Program; New England Club Treas.; Young Democrats PHILBIN. MICHAEL J. A B 6592 Jocelyn Hoi Nashville, Tenn. Innsbruck Club PHILLIPS. JOEL W. B.S. 517 Severn Ave. Tampa, Fla. Aesculapians; Glee Club; Neighborhood Study Help Program PHILLIPS, JOHN H. A.B. 36 A Weis Rd. Albany, N.Y. PHILLIPS, THOMAS J. B.B.A. 22655 King Richard Birmingham, Mich. PHIPPARD, WILLIAM A.B. 634 S. Adams St. Hinsdale. 111. Dean ' s List, CILA PIKRMAN, WILLIAM A.B. Rural Route 1 Ottawa, Ohio PlETRAGALLO, LOUIS B.S. 6527 Jackson St. Pittsburgh, Pa. PlONATELLI, LOUIS F. A.B. 725 9th Ave. Rock Falls, 111. PIOTROWIAK, I. M. A.B. 2614 Frederickson South Bend. Ind. PISULA. DENNIS E. B.S. 357 McMillan Grosse Pointe Farms, Mich. A.S.M.E. PIVNICKA, RICHARD J. B.B.A. 558 E. Parkway Rd. Riverside, 111. Chicago Club V.P.; N.S.H.P. Chairman; Crew; Student Business Review Editor PLENNERT, JOHN R. B.Arch. 3240 Belle Plaine Chicago, 111. A.I.A. PLETZ. JOHN F. A.B. 2336 Kenwood Blvd. Toledo, Ohio PODD, WILLIAM S. A.B. 67 Mason St. Greenwich, Conn. Neighborhood Study Help Program; Pre-Law Society; YCS POLITI, RICHARD J. B.B.A. 31 Egerton Rd. E. Arlington, Mass. POLK, JAMES S. B.S. 346 Poplar Lane W. Decatur, Ga. POLLOCK, ALAN E. B.S. 45 Henry St. Merrick. N.Y. A.S.C.E. POMBO, ALEJANDRO B.S. Calle 58 No. 21 10 Bogota, Colombia POMPO. DAVID J. B.S. 18525 Davidson Fraser, Mich. Arnold Air Society PORACH, RICHARD A. A.B. 675 Fruithurst Dr. Pittsburgh, Pa. Knights of Columbus POTENZA, JOHN D. A.B. 1033 Maple Dr. New Milford, N.J. POWAOA. KENNETH M. B.S. 3001 S. Farrell St. Chicago, 111. Knights of Columbus POWERS, DENNIS M. A.B. 519 Lyndon Ln. Lyndon. Ky. POWERS, THOMAS R. B.S. RFD 1 St. Peter. Minn. PRATT. JOSEPH F. 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B.B.A. Marions Ln. Fort Sakmga, N.Y. RURDA, EDUARDO A.B. 20 Groton St. Queens, N.Y. RISKO. RONALD A. B.S. 1811 Douglas St. Joilet. 111. Aesculapians; Knights of Columbus Russo, WILLIAM B. B.S. 467 Plainfield Ave. Berkley Heights. N.J. Student Manager RYAN. DENNIS J. B.B.A. 215 Hyatt Ave. Yonkers, N.Y. RYAN, MICHARL C. B.S. 148 Lincoln Place Waldwick. N.J. A.S.C.E.; Ski Club RYAN, MICHARL J. A.B. 353 South Dr. Hamilton, Ohio Cincinnati Club Treas.; Neighborhood Study Help Program RYAN, MICHARL R. A.B. 1630 Whitehall St. Allentown, Pa. RYAN. ROBERT H. B.S. Upper Terr. Montpelier, Vt. RYAN, THOMAS P. A.B. 6408 Parkwood Rd. K.lina. Minn. Hockey Club; ISO; Pre-Law Society RYCHLIK. ALAN F. B.B.A. 3484 Whirlaway Dr. Northbrook. 111. Crew; Crux-Bus. Mang.; Management Club RYMSZA, JAMES R. B.B.A. 16720 Norborne Detroit. Mich. Innsbruck Club SABOL, MARK A. B.S. 33666 Linden Dr. Solon. Ohio Dean ' s List; Fencing; Geology Club SACKLEY. STEPHEN K. B.B.A. 6626 Hiawatha Chicago. III. SADOWSKI. THOMAS J. B.S. 2212 Edgerton Rd. Cleveland. Ohio I.E.E.E. ST. CLAIR. JAMRS W. B.S. 175 S. Harrison Ave. Aurora, ni. SALVUCCI, RALPH J. B.S. 28 Cummings Rd. Newton Centre. Mass. SAMULSKI, THADOEUS B.S. 433 East Ave. North Augusta. S.C. SANDLING, RICHARD P. B.Arch. 820 Grant Ave. Maywood, N.J. SANDER, JOHN F. LL.B. 8408 S. Jeffery Chicago. III. Moot Court; Weight- lifting Club SANTALOCI, ROBOT J. A.B. 30 Community Dr. West Long Branch, N.J. SANTO, Bao. JOSEPH A. A.B. James Hall Notre Dame, Ind. SANTOS. BRANDON J. A.B. 53195 Ridgewood Dr. South Bend. Ind. SARM. WILLIAM G. B.B.A. 19 Apollo Rd. Tiburon. Calif. Lacrosse; Management Club SARMIR. THOMAS J. B.B.A. 15 Lakeview Terr. Ramsey. N.J. Judo Club SAUTRR, JAMBS L. B.S. 13711 Wales Oak Park. Mich. Debate; Technical Review SAWYER, RICHARD P. A.B. 2708 Loma St. Silver Spring. Md. SCALRTTA. PAUL J. B.S. 5020 W. Division Chicago, III I.E.E.E. SCAROLA. PHILIP L. B.B.A. 1237 Northwestern Monroeville. Pa. Marketing Club SCHAEFEE. JAMRS L. A.B. 6801 Lemon Rd. McLean. Va. SCHARTRR. MICHARL P. A.B. 216 Brookside Blvd. Pittsburgh. Pa. Bengal Bouts; Young Republicans SI-HANK, HRNRY J. B.S. 1778 Estes Des Plainea, ni. SCHANNING, BRIAN P. B.S. 61 Longview Dr. Eastchester. N.Y. Eta Kappa Nu; I.E.E.E.; Technical Review Editor Hockey SCHRNCK. THOMAS F. A.B. 36 Cambridge Ave. Garden City. N.Y. Bengal Bouts SCHRNKEL. N. JOHN B.B.A. 2115 Schomburg Dr. Fort Wayne. Ind. Neighborhood Study Help Program SCIIETTER. THOMAS E. B.F.A. R R. 1 Foatoria. Ohio University Bands SCHINDLRR, JAMES A. B.B.A. 521 Ruskin Rd. Buffalo. N.Y. University Bands V.P. SCHINNEER. DAVID E. B.S. 2952 S. 5th. Springfield, 111. SCHLAFF. RICHARD A. A.B. 6055 Coleman Dearborn. Mich. Alpha Phi Omega SCHLEEF, RICHARD R. B.S. 18 Alliance St. Valley Stream. N.Y. Neighborhood Study Help Program; Voice; Observer SCHLEETER, LAWRENCE B.B.A. 1218 N. McCann St. Kokomo. Ind. SCHMADRR, NICHOLAS J. B.S. 2004 Main Ave. W. Massilkm, Ohio SCHMELZKR, JOHN M. A.B. 916 Thomaston Rd. Barnesville. Ga. SCHMIDT, WILLIAM R. B.B.A. 60 E. Edison Ave. Elgin, 111. Sen MITT. CHARLES T. B.Arch. 809 Elm Spring Rd. Pittsburgh, Pa. Rugby; Young Republicans Sen MITT, Louis C. B.B.A. 2114 Perrine St. Lafayette, Ind. Commerce Forum Sec. SCHMITT. STEVEN P. B.B.A. 8240 Algon Ave. Philadelphia. Pa. SCHNORRNBRRG, WILLIAM R. B.B.A. 1106 Stratford Ave. Rockford. III. Management Club; Kampus Keglera SCIIOEN. THOMAS R. A.B. 21494 Westport Euclid. Ohio Bengal Bouts; Football SCHOTT. CHARLES S. A.B. 4769 Barone Dr. Pittsburgh, Pa. SCHRARDER. GENE N. B.B.A. 53 Roosevelt Rd. Pleasentville, N.J. SCHRODT. IVAN B. B.S. 109 E. Blackwood Sullivan, III. SCHROEDER, MlCHACL A.B. 1111 Stockbridge Iron Mountain, Mich. SCHROROEE, WILLIAM J. A.B. 121 W. Madison Lombard. 111. Young Democrats Si-urn. DONALD P. B.S. 220 Lewis Box 408 Southampton. N.Y. I.E.E.E. SCHULTR, THOMAS J. B.B.A. 1896 Dorsh Rd. Cleveland. Ohio Marketing Club; Soccer Crab; Sports Car Crab SCHULTZ, STEPHEN J. B.S. 705 S. Main Alma. Wis. SCHWAB. THOMAS J. B.B.A. 7025 Elmwood Ave. Middletown. Wis. SCHWARTZ. FEEDERICK A.B. 130 S. Front St. Salina. Kan. Blue Circle SCHWARTZ. JOSEPH A. A.B. 721 Pierce St. South Bend. Ind. Hall Presidents ' Council Prea.; Blue Circle; Observer Senior Index Scarro, JOSRFH P.. JE. A.B. 44 Levan Ave. Lockport, N.T. SCOTT. JOSEPH M. B.B.A. 1701 Bon Air Dr. Lexington. Ky. SCOTT. RICHARD P. B.S. 28 Ea.itburn St. Brighton. Me. Scorn. RONALD E. B.S. 82 Concord Rd. Ardaler. N.Y. University Bandi SCRIM A, THOMAS C. A.B. 221 Fairmont St. Colorado Spring ' s. Col. Glee Club; Sociology Club; Student Manager SCUFF. JOHN I.I, B. 2628 W. Montgomery Chicago. 111. Bengal BouU: Notre Dame Lawyer Sri ' LLY. THOMAS F. A.B. 378 Sunrise Circle Glencoe. 111. SCULLY. VINCENT C. B.B.A. 2323 Sheridan Rd. Highland Park, HI. Innsbruck Club; Mardi Gras Sec. SRALL. WILLIAM H. LL.B. 1037 N. Nile Ave. South Bend. Ind. Notre Dame Lawyer SECKINGER. JAMES H. LL.B. 488 First Ave. So. New Rockford. N.D. SHAR. EDWAED A. A.B. Corrientes 222 Buenos Aires. Argentina ISO; Pan American Club SHAL. PATRICK E. A.B. R. R. 6 Muncie. Ind. Choir; University Bands SHANNON, DANIEL J. B.B.A. 64 Summit St. BrookviUe. Pa. SHARP. PATRICK 3. B.S. 2307 Halifax Ave. Richmond, Va. SHRA, KEVIN R. A.B. 182 Hawthorn Rd. Braintree, Maaa. Architecture Club; Ski Club; Track StiEEii AN. FRANK A. B.S. 7826 Teton Way North Highlands. Calif. SHERMAN. R. DAVID A.B. 1828 E. 27th St. Tulsa. Okla. Sports Car Club SIIRRRR. THOMAS G. A.B. 4854 College Indianapolis, Ind. Soccer; Rugby SHERIDAN. THOMAS P. A.B. 85 86 67th Ave. Rego Park. N.Y. Chess Club; Fencing; Monogram Club SHERRY. JON D. A.B. 2750 Inwood Dr. Toledo. Ohio Dean ' s List; Junior Parent Weekend; PI Alpha Sigma SHULSRN. JAMES R. B.Arch. 720 E. Wash St. South Bend. Ind. SICILIANO. JOHN A. B.B.A. 3401 N. Peary St. Arlington. Va. Finance Club; Golf SIDMAN. ROBERT J. LL.B. 1068 Elbon Rd. Cleveland Hts. Ohio SIRKS. MRLVIN J. B.Arch. 2216 W. Wagner Ln. Peoria. HI. SIMMONS. CHESTER L. B.B.A. 3849 W. 69th. St. Chicago. III. Management Club SIMON. DENNIS L. B.B.A. 1601 Weed Ln. Vincennes. Ind. Lyons Hall Treats. SIMONS. CHARLES J. B.B.A. 7830 S.W. 57 Ct. South Miami. Fla. SIMPSON. MARX A.B. 3074 Brookwood Dr. South Fort Mitchell. Ky. SIMPSON. TIMOTHY J. A.B. 746 Gladstone South Bend. Ind.. SINGH. JASJIT B.B.A. 105 D-I, Chanakya Purl. Satya Marg. New Delhi. India Tennis Senior Index SISKA, WILLIAM C. A.B. 11324 Wentworth Chicago, 111. Filmakers SIVERD, JOHN C. B.B.A. 959 Scioto Dr. Franklin Lakes. N.J. SKINNER, ALAN J. B.B.A. 68506 Lowe PI. Richmond, Mich. Finance Club; Management Club SKOLGLUND. WOODBOW R. B.S. 7 Clason Rd. Worchester, Mass. I.E.K.E.; Student Gov ' t. Press; Weightlifting Club SKUBE, THOMAS P. B.S. 9239 S. 54 Ct. Oaklawn, 111. SLANKAS. JOHN T. B.S. 530 Academy Dr. Lawrenceburg, Tenn. A.I.Ch.E.; Arnold Air Society SLATT, PHILIP M. B.S. 413 W. Colfax South Bend, Ind. SLIWINSKI, NORBERT A.B. 4436 Augusta Chicago, III. SMAZAL, STANLEY F. B.S. 2222 Fairhaven Rd. Davenport, Iowa Aesculapians; Alpha Epsilon Delta SMITH, CHRISTOPHER A.B. 17905 Croydon Rd. Jamaica Estates, N.Y. SMITH, LLOYD W. A.B. Box 138 Panama, Panama Innsbruck Club; ISO; Pan American Club SMITH, NORMAN P. LL.B. RR 3 Box 310 Tiffin, Ohio Legal Aid Assoc. SMITH, ROBERT W. B.S. 68 Limestone Blvd. Chillicothe, Ohio SMITH, WARREN F. A.B. 1111 Keystone River Forest, 111. SMITH, WILLIAM E., JR. B.B.A. 6313 St. Marys Rd. Peoria, 111. Management Club SMITHBKROER, JAMES B.B.A. 139 Walnut St. Box Grundy, Va. Football; Management Club SNIDER, ROBERT D., JR. B.Arch. 343 S. Bittersweet Muncie, Ind. SNOW, STUART LEO A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. SOMMERS, THOMAS O. A.B. 118 16 Metropolitan Ave. Kew Gardens, N.Y. SORENSEN, ERWIN H. A.B. 412 Illinois Ave. Batavia, HI. Glee Club SORINMADE, SAMSON A. B.S. 25A Hogbo St. Abeokuta, Nigeria A.I.Ch.E.; ISO SOSSONO. ANDREW C. B.B.A. 376 Radmere Rd. Cheshire, Conn. Finance Club; Marketing Club SOTAK. JOSEPH E., in B.B.A. 533 Manchester Dr. South Bend, Ind. SPADARO, ROBERT M. A.B. 2310 Ocean Pky. Brooklyn, N.Y. Bengal Bouts SPANGOLD. VINCENT J. B.B.A. 10 Brookdale St. Revere, Mass. Bengals; Hockey Club SPENCER, RICHARD J. B.B.A. 624 Tremont St. Michigan City, Ind. Kampus Keglers SPERKO, WALTER J. A.B. 7120 Colorado Ave. Hammond, Ind. Kampus Keglers SPINRAD, THOMAS W. B.S. 654 Western Ave. Albany, N.Y. College Bowl SPIREK, DAVID C. B.B.A. 7011 Mill Rd. Brecksville, Ohio SPISAK. KENNETH J. B.B.A. 1135 Church Ave. McKees Rocks, Pa. SPOLARICH, THOMAS A. A.B. 231 Holmes Clarendon Hill, III. Crew STACK, MICHAEL T. B.S. 606 N. Woodlawn Ave. Griffith, Ind. Aesculapians; Alpha Epsilon Delta; Biology Club STAFFORD, JOHN H. B.S. 313 Old Farm Rd. Pittsburgh, Pa. Debate; Neighborhood Study Help Program STALIONS, PHILIP D. A.B. 2425 S. Michigan South Bend, Ind. STANTON, WILLIAM CLARK A.B. 2526 E 46th. Place Tulsa, Okla. Dean ' s List; Ski Club STARE. JAMBS P. B.F.A. 332 22nd. St. N.W. Canton. Ohio STARK, ROBERT S. A.B. 268 Fairfax Birmingham, Mich. STEEL. JAMBS R. A.B. 4818 W. Superior St. Chicago, III. D.C. Trip STEINHAUSER, RALPH B.Arch. 3410 Ingle Ave. Louisville. Ky. STEPHAN. JOHN P. B.S. 3708 Martindale Rd. Canton, Ohio A.I.A.A. STEPHAN, MICHAEL J. B.S. 1820 W. Henderson Chicago, 111. A.I.A.A. STERLING, MICHAEL J. B.B.A. 600 Grampian Blvd. Williasmport, Pa. Arnold Air Society STEVENS, GEORGE P. B.S. 1335 South G St. Elwood. Ind. A.S.M.E. Sec.; DOME; ISO STEVENSON. CHARLES E. A.B. 929 Dennis Monessen, Pa. STOCKER, ALLEN D. A.B. 5224 Galitz Skokie, 111. STOCKMAN, THOMAS J. B.B.A. 806 N. Charles Shelbyville. HI. STOEHR, MARTIN E. B.S. 2012 Croydon Dr. Clearwater, Fla. A.I.A.A.; Lacrosse V.P. FTOFFEL, JAMES C. B.S. 78 Havenwood Dr. Rochester, N.Y. Eta Kappa Nu; I.E.E.E.; Technical Review STOLLAR. JOSEPH J. A.B. 2022 Adelaide Blvd. Akron. Ohio Rugby STORATZ. RICHARD L. A.B. 20 Feldstrasse, Duesseldorf. W. Germany RTRACHAN. THOMAS B. B.B.A. 5402 Hempstead Rd. Louisville. Ky. STRICK. GREGORY J. A.B. 810 North 4th St. Kansas City, Kansas Glee Club STRZELECKI. JAMES T. B.B.A. 2516 Lake Shore Dr. Michigan City. Ind. Finance Club STUART. JEFFERY W. A.B. 825 Florence St. Imperial Beach, Calif. I.E.E.E.; Innsbruck Club STUCHLIK, ALBERT W. A.B. 225 Allcutt Box 153 Bonner Springs, Kan. STULOAms, PAUL F. B.S. Apt. 8V Medit Tower 2100 Linwood Ave. Ft. Lee, N.J. Junior Parent Weekend; Tri Military Ball Char. SUCATO. PAUL J. B.S. 208 Park Ln. Lake Bluff, 111. SUELZER, MICHAEL T. A.B. 2620 Whitegate Ft. Wayne, Ind. SULLIVAN. BRIAN P. A.B. 1420 N. Keystone River Forest, 111. Young Democrats SULLIVAN, EDWARD J. B.B.A. 1656 Woodmere Jacksonville, Fla. Dean ' s List; Marketing Club; Sailing Club; Ski Club SULLIVAN, FRANCIS P. B.S. 104 Kings Point Dr. Glenshaw, Pa. SULLIVAN, JAMES A. B.B.A. 61 41 Saunders St. Rego Park, N.Y. Marketing Club SULLIVAN, JOHN E. A.B. 88 Meade Ave. Passaic. N.J. Mental Health Chapter; Pre-Law Society SULLIVAN, PATRICK G. A.B. 225 Kearney St. Denver, Colo. Hospital Volunteers; Neighborhood Study Help Program; Rocky Mt. Club Pres. SULLIVAN, ROBERT G. A.B. 12 Hillcrest Dr. Wayland, N.Y. SULLIVAN, STEVEN C. B.S. 100 Bardsdale Blvd. Bardsdale AFB, La. A.I.A.A.; Soccer Club SULLIVAN, TIMOTHY C. A.B. 1720 W. Moss Ave. Peoria, m. SUR, PAUL S. B.B.A. 5570 Van Buren St. Gary, Indiana Neighborhood Study Help Program SWANSON, CHARLES K. B.B.A. 3950 Lakeshore Dr. Chicago, 111. SWATLAND, RICHARD T. B.B.A. 42 Hirsch Rd. Stamford. Conn. SWEENEY, RICHARD J. B.B.A. Canneld Rd. Convent. N.J. Finance Club SWEETMAN. WILLIAM J. B.B.A. Beach St. Litchfield, Conn. Beta Alpha Psi SWENSON, PAUL M. B.S. 21 Highview Dr. Bay Hills, N.Y. Pi Tau Sigma SWOYER, THOMAS M. A.B. 3460 Ridgewood Dr. Pittsburgh, Pa. Baseball T TALECK, THOMAS A. B.B.A. 1000 Magnolia Denver, Colo. Management Club TARARA. RICHARD W. B.S. 3969 Weber Rd. St. Louis, Mo. TARASCIO. JOHN R. B.B.A. 63 Brown St. Bloomfield, Conn. TARASI, Rocco F., n B.S. 6116 Stanton Ave. Pittsburgh, Pa. TARKOWSKI, DAVID D. B.S 522 Clyde St. New Kensington, Pa. AROTC Drill Team TATE, JAMES E. A.B. 27 Lafayette Ave. East Weymouth, Mass. TEJKOWSKI. EMIL J. B.S. 8346 S. Burnham Ave. Chicago, 111. TELLERIA. JOSE I. A.B. Apt. 51 Merida, Edo Merida. Venezula TEPE. WILLIAM R.. SR. LL.B. 5426 Moundcrest Dr. Cincinnati, Ohio Gray ' s Inn V.P.; Legal Aid Assoc. TERLEP. VINCENT B. A.B. 1732 E. Beardsley Elkhart, Ind. TERRANOVA, GREGORY B.B.A. 2012 Davis Ave. Whiting. Ind. Finance Club TERRERI. HUGH J. A.B. 30 High St. Morristown. N.J. TERWEDOW. HENRY A. B.S. 7707 Hudson Blvd. North Bergen, N.J. Swimming Team THEIS. THOMAS L. B S 2037 Hunt Ave. Chicago, 111. A.S.C.E.; Neighborhood Study Help Program THELEN. DENNIS C. LL.B. 62-53 84 Place Middle Village. N.Y. Notre Dame Lawyer THIELEN. FREDERICK A.B. 1809 80th St. Kenosha, Wls. THILMAN, JOSEPH BRO. A.R James Hall Notre Dame, Ind. YCS THOMAS, MARTIN J. B.S. 24 Chatham Ln. Oak Brook, III. THOMPSON, GEORGE T. B.B.A. 10452 Bellman Ave. Downey, Calif. Business Review THOMPSON, MICHAEL D. B.B.A. 814 Covert Evansville, Ind. Beta Alpha Psi THOMPSON. TOMMY F. B.S. 11419 Maple Ridge Medina. N.Y. THORNDIKE, JAMES M. B.B.A. 428 Je George Blvd. Omaha, Nebr. THORNTON, GEOFFREY A.B. Cold Spring Rd. Syosset, N.Y. Sociology Club Ticus, GARY L. B.S. 4200 N. Hazel Chicago, 111. CJF; Sailing Club; Wrestling TIDGEWELL, JAMES E. B.B.A. 1118 Sunnymead Dr. Anderson, Ind. TILELLI, JOHN A. B.S. 105 Ketcham Rd. Syosset, N.Y. Confraternity of Christian Doctrine; Physics Club TITO. JAMBS V. B.S. 903 Jeannette Des Plaines, 111. Juggler; Wrestling; WSND TOBIA, EDWARD F. A.B. 2521 Kingland Ave. New York, N.Y. TOMASULO, MICHAEL A. B.B.A. 2500 S. Hitchcock Alhambra, Calif. TOMASZEWSKI, CLIFFORD P. A.B. 8456 Saginaw Ave. Chicago, 111. TONSMEIRE, JOHN K. B.B.A. 825 Robinwood Rd. Westwood, N.J. Neighborhood Study Help Program TOOLAN. DENNIS M. A.B. 335 Franklin Ave. River Forest, 111. Chicago Club Pres.; Neighborhood Study Help Program TOOMEY, PETER E. A.B. 1516 Parkway Dr. Lakewood. Ohio Cleveland Club Treas.; Homecoming ' 66 Char. TORELL. PAUL B. B.B.A. 285 Ridgewood Rd. W. Hartford, Conn. Finance Club; Management Club TRACY, JOHN B. A.B. 9825 S. Lawndale Evergreen Pk., 111. Basketball TRANOVICH, ANDREW F. LL.B. 307 Miller St. Reading, Penn. Moot Court TROMBETTA, MICHAEL B.S. 3667 Montecito Santa Rosa, Calif. Football; Rugby; Young Republicans TROYER, MICHAEL W. B.S. 319 Lamonte Terr. South Bend. Ind. I.E.E.E. TRUBIANI. VINCENT J. B.S. 10 Great Plain Ave. Wellesley, Mass. TUTELA, ARTHUR C. A.B. 470 Old Short Hills Rd. Short Hills. N.J. Sociology Club; Wrestling Club TYRRELL, MICHAEL A. A.B. 1066 Foresthills Calumet City, 111. Neighborhood Study Help Program u UMPHREY, THOMAS E. A.B. 3115 15th St. Port Arthur, Tex. UTSINGBR, BARRY D. A.B. 1604 Metropolitan Ave. New York. N.Y. VANCE, ARNOLD J. B.S. 205 Euclid Ave. New Castle, Pa. A.I.A.A, VANDERVEEN, PATRICK B.S. 758 Woodlawn Jackson, Mich. VANDE VOORDE. JOHN C. B.S. 212 S. Inglis Chamberlain, S.D. VANHUFFBL. ALAN F. B.B.A. 58412 Locust Rd. South Bend. Ind. VAN VOORHIS, S. C. B.B.A. 8 Church Lane So. Scarsdale, N.Y. Business Review; Management Club VARGAS. ALBERTO B.B.A. Av Arequipa 3520 Lima, Peru VATTEROTT, PAUL B. A.B. 55 Chaminade Creve Coeur, Mo. St. Louis Club Pres. VECCHIA, DAVID P. A.B. 5 Ridgedale Rd. Bethel, Conn. VEIIORN, CHARLES L. A.B. 32 West Fairview Dayton. Ohio Track VELAN, GFORGE M. B.S. 363 Longcommon Rd. Riverside, 111. Student Advisory Judicial Comm.; Joint Engineering Council VBNHOFF, JOHN B. A.B. 1847 San Jose Louisville, Ky. Dean ' s List; Innsbruck Club VERLEYE. GARY P. B.B.A. 601 Somerset Mishawaka, Ind. VERVAET. FLORENT A. B.B.A. 331 S. Frances St. South Bend, Ind. VIGNALI, ANTHONY L. B.B.A. 516 W. Topeka Ave. Toluca, 111. Basketball VITA, RICHARD J. B.B.A. 36 Fairmont St. Maiden, Mass. Management Club; Pre-Law Society VOGLEWEDE, THOMAS W. B.S. 3521 Sunnydale Birmingham, Mich. Dean ' s List; A.S.M.E.; DOME; Neighborhood Study Help Program; Pi Tau Sigma Sec. VOLLMER, STEPHEN J. A.B. 1128 Bellevue Ave. Syracuse. N.Y. W WAJSZCZUK. ROBERT K.- A.B. 188 Beech St. Nutley, N.J. New Jersey Club Trees. WALKER. EDWIN M. B.S. 501 N. Ironwood South Bend, Ind. WALLACE, ANDREW C. B.S. 187 Lakeview Ave. Clifton, N.J. IPP Universal Joint WALLACE, PAUL J. B.B.A. 5405 N. Nashville Chicago, 111. WALLEN, JOSEPH J. B.B.A. 824 W. Elm Titusville, Pa. A.I.S.E.C.; Chess Club; Rugby WALSH, JOHN J. A.B. 1425 N. Keystone River Forest, 111. Pre-Law Society Pres. WALSH, MATTHEW M. A.B. 9005 Hamilton Ave. Chicago, 111. WALSH. MYLES J. B.B.A. 2 Brookhill Ln. Huntington. N.Y. Marketing Club WALSH, ROBERT J. A.B. 1 Lindley Apt 9 Tenafly, N.J. CILA; Cross Country Capt.; Track WALTER. LAWRENCE P. B.B.A. 5615 Pamlico Ln. Cincinnati, Ohio Glee Club WALTERS, JOHN L. A.B. 800 Toxaway Rd. Hendersonville, N.C. WARBURTON, KENNETH B.S. 160 Rutland Rd. Hempstead, N.Y. WARD, DAVID P. B.S. 1705 W. Moss Peoria, 111. CILA; Dean ' s List; Alpha Epsilon Delta; DOME Mang. Ed. WARD, EDWARD J., JR. B.S. Box 264 Notre Dame, Ind. WARD. GREGORY M. A.B. 4 H. Van Buren Rd. Brenton Village Newport. R.I. Voice WARD. MARK T. A.B. 220 Fountain Ave. Padncah. Ky. Dean ' s List WARD. THOMAS M. LL.B. 770 E. Main St. Monongahela, Penna. Notre Dame Lawyer; Gray ' s Inn; Student Bar Assoc. WARNER, THOMAS F. B.B.A. 322 Thayer St. Syracuse. N.Y. Crew; Ski Club WAY. STEPHEN R. A.B. 18286 Oak Dr. Detroit, Mich. WAYNE, DANWL G. B.S. 6715 Hiawatha Chicago. III. I-K.K.K. WAYNE. PETER H., Ill B.S. 545 Woods Ln. Groase Pt.. Mich. Aesculapians; Alpha Kpgilon Delta WEAVER. JOSEPH R. A.B. 4236 Colgate Ave. Dallas. Texu Neighbrohood Study Help Program WRDRAL. WILLIAM R. B.B.A. 232 S. Sunset LaGrange, 111. AROTC Drill Team WEEC. STEPHEN C. A.B. 2017 Cumberland St. Rockford, 111. WEEKS, THOMAS M. A.B. 4501 E. Broadway Long Beach. Calif. WEIFORD, THOMAS E. B.B.A. 2009 West 68th. Mission Hills, Kan. Finance Club; University Theater WEILER, WILLIAM R. A.B. 32-01 69th. St. Woodside, N.Y. WEINBEKO. DAVID BRO. A.B. St. James Hall Notre Dame, Ind. WEISS, CHARLES A. LL.B. 250 N. Walnut Perryville, Mo. Notre Dame Lawyer; Gray ' s Inn WEJMAN. KENNETH J. B.B.A. 1404 Elizabeth Ln. Glenview, 111. WELSH. LEO V. B.B.A. 137 Wilson PI. Jamestown. N.Y. Neighborhood Study Help Program WENDEL. THOMAS G. A.B. 2600 St. Johns Highland Park. 111. WENTLINO. JOHN O. B.B.A. 317 W. Main St. Annville, Pa. WEYER, THOMAS J. B.B.A. 10016 S. Calumet Chicago, III. Rugby WHEATLEY, RAYMOND L. B.B.A. 5698 Norwaldo Indianapolis. Ind. WHITACRE. JAN M. A.B. 301 W. Fulliam Ave. Muscatine, Iowa Wrestling WHITE, JOHN A. B.B.A. 43 Mountain Ave. Pompton Plains, N.J. Beta Alpha Psl WHITE. RALPH P. A.B. 1101 N. Kenil worth Oak Park. 111. Alpha Epsilon Delta WHITE, THOMAS E. B.S. 512 Lindsey South Bend. Ind. WHITINO. MICHAEL H. B.B.A. 26710 Meadowbrook Lathrup Vill. Mich. Sailing Club WHOLEY. JOHN R. B.S. 1 Meadow Dr. Fayetteville. N.Y. CILA; Track WmDiruLD, ALVIE G. B.Arch. 8th Evacuation Hosp. APO 09180. N.Y.. N.Y. Monogram Club; Technical Review Art Ed.; Track Wrozowsxi. PAUL M. A.B. 27 Continental Ave. Cohoes. N.Y. WILBRAIIAM. EDWARD J. B.B.A. 220 Weatherby Ave. Swedesboro, N.J. Soccer Club WILCZEK. ROBERT J. LL.B. 5048 W. Hutchinson St. Chicago, III. Notre Dame Lawyer WILDES. ROBERT P., J . B.B.A. 43 Farmington Ave. New London. Conn. WlLKlNS, JETTERY N. A.B. 2120 Hill Dr. Los Angeles, Calif. Aesculapians; Glee Club WILKINS. TERRY J. B.S. 2500 N. 100th. St. Wauwatosa, Wis. Alpha Epsilon Delta WILKS, ROBERT C. B.Arch. 23S27 Belmont Dr. Westlake, Ohio WlLLCOX, C.P. A.B. 6900 Oglesby Chicago, 111. WILLIAMS. JOHN T. A.B. 7725 S. Laflin St. Chicago. 111. Bengal Bouts; Film Society; YCS WILLIAMS, WILLIS F. B.B.A. 1001 City Ave. Philadelphia, Pa. Finance Club; Neighborhood Study Help Program; Young Republicans WlLTBEROER. DONALD F. B.B.A. 1469 Parker Blvd. Kenmore, N.Y. Young Republicans WINKLE . DAVID M. B.S. 407 Penning Dr. Silver Spring, Md. WIORSKI, ROBERT H. A.B. 6700 Raven St. Chicago, 111. WIRE, DANIEL H. A.B. 1117 Hamilton Rd. Covinffton. Ky. Innsbruck Club WIRTZ. JAMES H. LL.B. 326 Hoover Rd. New Castle, Pa. WISHING, THOMAS J. B.F.A. 6391 Lakeview Dr. Falls Church, Va. WITHERS, R. DENNIS B.B.A. 214 Alberta Dr. N.E. Atlanta, Ga. Junior Class Pres.; Track WOLF, MICHAEL D. B.S. 280 Old Boston Rd. Batavia, Ohio Neighborhood Study Help Program WOLNITZBK, FRED W. B.Arch. 411 Werner Dr. Ft. Wright, Ky. WOODS. JAMES R. B.B.A. 323 S. Kensington LaGrange, 111. WOODS, MICHAEL W. B. B.A. 525 First Ct. Nile , Mich. WOODS. TIMOTHY W. LL.B. 525 First Court. Niles. Mich. Moot Court WooosTUrr. ANTHONY B.S. St. Louis, Mo. A.I.A.A. 4469 Arco Ave. WOZNIAK, JOHN F. B.B.A. 3 Broadway Garden City, Pk., N.Y. WRIGHT. STEPHEN T. A.B. 223 N. Walnut Ave. Sidney, Ohio YARUSSO. LOWELL C. A.B. 626 White Bear Ave. St. Paul, Minn. Senior Index YEAOER, WILLIAM W. A.B. 671 Gay lord Denver, Colo. Neighborhood Study Help Program; YCS YIM, WENDELL WAHJUN B.B.A. 45 111 Alina Place Kaneohe. Hawaii YSMAEL, RlCARDO C. A.B. 32 4th St. Quezon City, Philippines YUST. GRCRORY C. B.S. 715 Goodrich Blvd. Miami. Okla. A.I.A.A. ZACH. ROBERT S. B.B.A, 166 N. 6th. St. New Hyde Pk.. N.Y. AIIN. THOMAS R. B.Arch 1761 Byron Huntingdon, Ind. ZALESKY, PAUL J. B.S. 45 John St. Red Bank, N.J. A.I.A.A.; Neighborhood Study Help Program ZELL, DAVID L. B.S. 715 East 13th. St. Little Rock, Ark. Eta Kappa Nu; I.E.E.E.; Student Manager .BNKEL. DAVID C. B.B.A. 2711 Latta Rd. Rochester, N.Y. ZURCHER. C.S.C., TllOMA Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. CILA -A.B. 335 ACADEMICS 22-95 Administration 26-37 Advisory Councils 118-119 Alpha Epsilon Delta 120-121 Alpha Phi Omega 120-121 Alpha Sigma Mu 120-121 Arts and Letters 38-53 ATHLETICS 154-209 Banchero, Julius T 63 Bands 130-131 Baseball 192-193 Bogle, James A 51 Bretthauer, Roger K 83 Basketball 174-179 Bender, Harvey A 81 Bengal Bouts 206-207 Beta Alpha Psi 120-121 Beta Gamma Sigma 120-121 Blue Circle 106-107 Burtchaell, James T 51 Business 64-71 Business Review 148 Chagnon, Paul R 82 Chi Epsilon 122-123 Chroust, Anton-Herman 52 CILA 110-113 Club Sports 194-205 Collegiate Jazz Festival 262-263 Conway, Paul F 68 Co oney, James D 35 Corbaci, Leo M 34 Costello, Donald P 46 Craig, George B 82 Credits and Colophon 338-339 Crew . .200-201 Cronin, Edward J 51 Cross Country 172-173 INDEX D ' Antonio, William V 50 Debate 126-127 Dialogue 146-147 Dome . 150-153 Draft 14-15 Duffy, Joseph M 52 Engineering 54-63 EPILOGUE 340-352 Etta Kappa Nu 122-123 Felner, Thomas P 81 Fencing 180-181 Fey, Joseph H., C.S.C 37 Fiore, Nicholas F 63 Football 158-169 Ford, Josephine M 52 Foreign Studies 84-87 Frick, James W 31 Front Office (athletics) 170-171 Glee Club 132-133 Goerner, Edward A 47 Golf 188-189 Graduate School 92-95 Graduates 270-335 Hall Life 216-227 Haynes, Julian F 80 Henion, George F 80 Hesburgh, Theodore M., C.S.C 26-27 Heskin, David A 150-153 Hockey 196-197 Hogan, Joseph 54-55 Honor Council 114-115 Honor Fraternities 120-123 Index 336-337 Intramurals 208-209 INTRODUCTION 4-21 ISO 125 Joint Engineering Council 118-119 336 )EX Joyce, Edmund P., C.S.C 28-29 Juggler 146 Knights of Columbus 124 Kobayashi, Francis M 62 Lacrosse 198-199 Law School 90-91 Lectures 258-259 Massey, James L 62 Matsushima, Yozo 80 McCarragher, Charles I., C.S.C 28 McMullen, Ernan, C.S.C 47 Michelson, Peter F 50 Miller, Walter C 81 Mock Convention 256-259 Moreau Seminary 228-229 Murphy, Thomas T 62-63 Nutting, Willis D 46 Observer 136-141 O ' Neil, Daniel J., C.S.C 28-29 ORGANIZATIONS 96-153 Pi Tau Sigma 122-123 Political groups 116-117 Publications 136-153 Raymond, Vincent D 37 Religion 230-231 Riehle, James L., C.S.C 37 Rossini, Frederick D 32-33 ROTC 88-89 Rubulis, Aleksis 47 Rugby 196-197 Sailing 202-203 Saint Mary ' s College 246-251 Saxe, Harry C 63 Scholastic 136-141 Science, College of 72-83 Science Quarterly 148-149 Scores . 204-205 Seeler, Otto F 62 Sheedy, Charles E., C.S.C 38-39 Shuster, George N 30-31 Silver, James W 47 Slabey, Robert M 50 Sobochinski, Boleclaw 82 Soccer 198-199 Social Life 234-245 Soens, Adolf L 46 South Bend 232-233 Starr, Theodore J 83 Stasheff, James D 82 Stewart, Thomas E 30-31 Student-Faculty Film Society 128-129 Student Government 100-105 STUDENT LIFE 210-269 Swimming 184-185 Syberg, Frederick W 46 Tau Beta Pi 122-123 Technical Review 148-149 Tennis 186-187 Track 190-191 Trubac, Edward R 68 Tutoring and Mental Health 108-109 University Theatre 264-269 Viger, George W 69 Waldman, Bernard 72-73 Walsh, John E., C.S.C 32-33 Weber, Ronald H 43 Wendel, Paul G 34-35 Wilson, Jerome J., C.S.C 34-35 Wilson, Raphael, C.S.C 36-37 Worthington, Harry T 68 Wrestling 182-183 WSND 134-135 Young Democrats 116-117 Young Republicans . 116-117 337 Colophon About the editors of the Dome. The 1968 Dome was printed on 352 pages of 80 weight Pinnacle Opaque Vellum with inserts of Fontana Velvet paper by an offset lithography process at Foote and Davies, Atlanta, Georgia. The heads used throughout the book are Craw Mod- ern, a modern face type first used by printers in Great Britain and on the Continent. The title page is 30 point and 14 point. All divisional heads are 18 point. The heads throughout the sections are 14 and 12 point. All body copy and captions are Century Expanded. This face is a variation of the original Century typeface designed about 1890 by L. B. Benton for the printing of Century Magazine. All body copy is 10 point, excepting the faculty inter- views which are 8 point. Captions and the grad- uates section are also 8 point, while the seniors index is 6 point. All color photography is the work of Notre Dame undergraduates. All but seven black and white pic- tures and the pictures used in the epilogue are stu- dent produced. The photograph of the U.S. Marine on page 13 was shot by Larry Burrows for LIFE magazine and the picture of Dr. Spock on page 15 is courtesy of World Wide Photos. The cover was produced by S. K. Smith of Chi- cago, Illinois, from an original design by Zack Brown. Mr. Brown also designed the endsheets. John Dempsey, graduates editor, comes from New Rochelle, New York. John is a history major and an avid Joe Garagiola fan. Kevin Flynn, associate editor, lives in Short Hills, New Jersey. Kevin, a Dean ' s List junior English major, was organizations editor of the 1967 Dome. He will be the editor of the 1969 Dome. Barbara Ann Gibson, associate editor, is from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Miss Gibson, a senior at St. Mary ' s College, is an English writing major. After graduation this June, Babs will work for KDKA-TV in Pittsburgh. Gary Greve, sports editor, is from Belle Center, Ohio (pop. 800). Gary is a sophomore accounting major in the College of Business Administration. Keith Harkins, photography editor, is from Jack- son, Mississippi. Keith, a senior finance major, is also a member of the Glee Club. After graduation, Keith will receive a commission in the Army under the University ' s ROTC program. David Heskin, editor of the 1968 Dome, comes from Elizabeth, New Jersey. A four year veteran of the Dome, Dave is a senior majoring in a five year, combination liberal arts chemical engineering cur- riculum. He will spend his final year at Notre Dame in a quiet retirement off campus. Bill Larsen, academics editor, lives in Valley Stream, New York. Bill is a government major. Ray Maddalone, student life editor, is from Mun- ster, Indiana. Ray, a Dean ' s List chemistry major, is also a member of the fencing team. Jerry Murphy, photography editor, lives in Shaker He ights, Ohio. Jerry, a senior chemical engineer, will continue his engineering studies at Northwest- ern University next year. David Ward, managing editor, is from Peoria, Illinois. David, a Dean ' s List premedical student, is a four-year veteran of the Dome. He will graduate magna cum laude in June and attend Western Re- serve University Medical School next fall. Pat Wilson, organizations editor, comes from Memphis, Tennessee. He is a Dean ' s List student majoring in civil engineering. 338 The unmaking of the editor. Before I leave, I ' d just like to thank : my managing editor Dave Ward for chewing out the staff when- ever necessary and doing everything in his power to bring some semblance of order to this chaos ; my as- sociate editors, Kevin Flynn for promoting the chaos and Barbara Gibson for being embarrassed ; my sec- tion heads, Ray Maddalone, Gary Greve, Bill Larsen, John Dempsey, and Pat Wilson, for my 1.0 average for the past year; my photography editors, Jerry Murphy and Keith Harkins, for devotion which bordered on the fanatical ; the photography staff, Jim Canastero, Camilo Vergara, Bert Feliss, Greg Neuman, Steve Griffin, Tim Ford, Chuck Osborne, Terry Dwyer, Al Skiles, Fred Quiros, Mike Ford, and Ben Ratterman, for their hard work in the face of concerted opposition from the editors and section heads; my staff, Jim Rocap, Lou Gidel, Richard Reinthaler, Al Macchioni, Ronald Spann, Dave Jaw- orski, Fred Stavins, Jim Mertzlufft, Bill Navolio, Matt Connolly, Mike Kelly, Alex Watt, George Stevens, Tom Vogelwede, Ken Manning, and Pete Gormley, for their writing and doing most of the dirty work in the production of this book; Zack Brown, for designing the cover and endsheets ; Steve Wright for his drawings for the stationary and sketches for the cover; Tom Fitzharris, Michael Patrick O ' Connor, Kevin McCarthy, Jon Sherry, Ned Allen Buchbinder, Fran Schwartzberg, David Kahn, Bill Thieman, Tom Brislin, Jim Pelegrin, Chris Manion, Forrest Hainline, Dave Tiemeier, Peter Kirwin, and Mike Ryan for writing their various articles, tirades, and polemics; Fr. Hes- burgh, the other members of the administration, the deans, and the faculty members, for giving their time for interviews and photos; Terry Ward for perpetuating the guidelines; Rod Julian for break- ing the guidelines ; Goldie Domestein and Rock Knut- nee ; Kathy Bradley for many afternoons of typing ; Mickey McCay, Harrell Brooks, and the staff of Foote and Davies for their help in the Dome ' s pro- duction; Jack Bundy and the staff of S. K. Smith for their work on both covers; Fr. McCarragher, Dome advisor, for keeping us in check; Gladyse Cunningham, business manager, for faking my ex- pense account; Jerry Sechowski, the University ' s purchasing agent, for paying the bills ; Fr. Harvey and the Notre Dame-St. Mary ' s Theatre for their cooperation in allowing us to photograph their pro- ductions; John Thurin of INSIGHT magazine for several last minute pictures ; Whit, Jill, and Pat for persevering with the senior portraits in the face of outright hostility; John Mroz for the still from Beyond the Law and picture of Kurt Vonnegut ; Fr. McAvoy and the University Archives for their help in preparing the epilogue; Bob Burke for his help on many assignments; my parents for learning to take anything I do in stride; and all who have en- couraged or scoffed at the idea of a design oriented yearbook. Another kind of debt is owed to : the Mothers who are only in it for the money; Louis B. Hershey for deciding that too much education is ruining the coun- try ' s youth; Jon Sherry for his seven cornerstones of revolution; J. Edgar Hoover for his constant protection ; and Lyndon Baines Johnson for Lyndon Baines Johnson. Dave Heskin 339 340 What Every Good Irishman should Know: A History of Notre Dame. The Notre Dame of the 1840 ' s stood in open defiance of the Indiana weather, the Indians, the population, and the Bishop. " Mind you, " he said to Fr. Sorin in 1841, " I have nothing against your idea of a college, but not here! " He was referring, of course, to Washington, Indiana where Sorin settled first. They decided to go north, and after 10 days and 250 miles of bitter cold, they reached South Bend in November 1842. Sorin found a log chapel built by Father Badin, C.S.C., and decided immediately to found a college. Amazingly, pupils showed up two who paid and, the registrar notes, " perhaps a few others who never paid. " The build- ings started in the summer of 1848, and were fin- ished after Sorin took an ad in the 1843 South Bend Free Press to describe his new college to the world a " beautiful and healthful location, a college build- ing equal to any in the U.S., and the promise of a gymnasium. " By 1845, Notre Dame was charging $100 a year but it was in financial trouble. The founders had brought with them the customs of French aristocracy, and could hardly speak English. They also brought the rules of a French boarding school : rise at 5 :30, Mass at 6 :30, classes and rec- reation till 6 p.m., bed by 9. Everyone studied the same things until 1848 when the college was divided into students taking the classical courses and those taking commercial courses. By 1851, Notre Dame had its own post office and was making money from it Notre Dame was also in the brick business, sell- ing a half a million per year in 1858. Fr. Sorin was so concerned with money that in 1850, he sent three brothers and two laymen to California to find gold; if they found any, the two laymen were to return 50% of it to Sorin ; the brothers were to re- turn all. It was unsuccessful. The superior of the order viewed this and some other things Sorin was doing with displeasure; when he made an attempt to loosen the tight rules on the American boys, the French Mother House relieved him of his duties and ordered him to become Bishop of Dacca, at a new mission in Bengal. Sorin responded characteristical- ly by threatening to renounce his vows to the French order and join Notre Dame to the diocese of Vin- cenns. Fr. Moreau, the head of the order, sent a visitor who made Sorin give in ; but Moreau strange- ly decided to leave Sorin at Notre Dame. Discipline was rigorous in the 1850 ' s. Study was demanded before Mass and breakfast. Since boys of all ages attended Notre Dame, there were strict rules about playing areas and regulations regarding trips off-campus. No one was allowed near South Bend without permission, but trips to off limits areas were not uncommon. Most infractions involved the use of liquor. Students were commonly expelled for " coming home drunk " or for ending up in a South Bend jail. The " dirty nineteen, " a group of university rebels, in 1858, according to university records, " absented themselves from the study hall in a body one afternoon, went to town, and came home at night with more liquor concealed about their persons than they could well carry. " They were kicked out. Notre Dame persisted in its poverty through the 1870 ' s. Between 1842 and 1869, the school received $50,000 from the Association of the Propagation of the Faith, which considered Notre Dame a mission. Several large gifts marked the 1850 ' s, but these funds were used in rebuilding from a fire that razed a barn and the old log chapel. At the time of the Superior ' s visit in 1857, Notre Dame ' s value was assessed at $258,191.29. In the 1860 ' s Notre Dame played an active role in the Civil War. The Under- ground Railroad for runaway slaves had a local stop on Eddy street near the old Biology building. Fr. Corby, who graduated from Notre Dame as a priest, served an important role as a chaplain in the war and returned later as president. Many other priests and brothers participated. Following the war came the construction of a box-like building with a small dome. It contained all classrooms, dorms, and re- fectories. The curriculum may have been expanding : science was added in 1867. But the rules remained strict: no smoking, drinking, no one allowed off campus, silence except during recreation, and no money ex- cept a weekly allowance from the treasurer. Each student had to write home once a week; and every- one was required to wash their feet each Saturday at 4 P.M. The Scholastic was founded in 1864, when the student body had reached 500. The magazine proved pedantic and dull; deep literate pieces dominated as if to let the outside world realize the deepness 341 Above, a biology exhibit in 1878. Right, a South Bend streetcar c. 1890. A similar streetcar was destroyed by students during an " incident " in 1916. Opposite, the " Great Fire " that destroyed the col- lege building in 1879. 342 of thought going on at the university. Tuition was $300. By 1871, students were permitted to go home for the Christmas vacation. Most of the students were from the Midwest, and the greatest number over half were of Irish extraction. Notre Dame ' s first football game was played in 1876 when two boys chose up sides for a " good old- fashioned game. " There were 42 players on each side, and the game went until one team scored. It came out a draw. The 1870 ' s also saw the rise of the St. Patrick ' s Day celebration, which was described in the Scholastic : " The entertainments are always given the night before, and as the day following was a holiday, the extra sleep would in no way interfere with their studies. " In 1879, the " great fire " destroyed the college building. The new Administration Building, which contained according to the Scholastic " over 4,350,000 bricks " was started soon after. The 1880 ' s saw the building of " The Music Hall " (now Washington Hall) and Minim ' s Hall (now one half of St. Edward ' s Hall) and the Science Hall (which is now the Student Center). The center of the build- ing now a lounge was a museum. The first Cath- olic college residence hall, Sorin Hall, was begun in 1888. It was reserved for juniors and seniors, depending on academic standing, and had fifty rooms. This innovation which was meant to change the " prep school " atmosphere of the Catholic college was not, however, paralleled by change in disci- pline. In October, 1890, 32 students decided to break the rule requiring permission to go to South Bend. Two of the group got completely drunk and couldn ' t find the university late Saturday night. When the faculty heard this, they decided to expell the two and give milder punishment to the others. The group decided they should all receive the same penalty. They did all 32 were consequently expelled. This concern with liquor was the subject of Father Walsh, seventh president of the University, who also founded the " Total Abstinence Society " that was to spread to other Catholic colleges. Football began in the late ' 60 ' s. The first intercol- legiate game, November 23, 1887, Michigan won, 8-0, in one " inning. " This began the long series of intercollegiate losses that were to mark Notre Dame ' s ascendency until 1913. Monetary losses were also important : the athletics department lost money for the school every year until 1913. A football coach was added in 1893, and Notre Dame went 4-1 in 1894 against Hillsdale, Wabash, Rush Medical of Chicago and two games with Albion. Father Sorin died in 1893, after over 50 years of running the university with a tight hand. The presi- dent at that time, Father Morrisey, probably had dreams of doing what he wanted and being the first president since Sorin himself to do so. Unfortu- nately, Notre Dame under Morrissey remained mostly a prep school with little real activity going The University ' s first rebels, the " dirty nineteen, " were expelled in 1858 for coming home drunk. Mention that Senior Ball to any of the 6t fellows who went, and they would say, " Gee, it was bigger and better than ever. " And that orchestra! The ladies were entrancing- ly beautiful, every last one of them. From twelve states they came. Several were sisters of seniors; others were the young ladies to whom a fellow refers when he says he has to write home. During the dinner a quartet from the committee recited in syncopated meter sundry stanzas pleasantly prodding various seniors for their pet idiosyncrasies. This feature " took big " with the audience. Dome, 1917 Notre Dame has gone through such a great transition during the loft three years that one often wonders what the end will be. Cigar- ettes, dances, off-campus students, demerits, conditions, the Student Activities Council; these are only a few of the problems which have come up. With the change has also come the question of conveying official infor- mation to the student body. Formerly when an announcement was to be made, the Prefect of Discipline had only to walk into the Com- mons at mealtime and make it. It was simple. Dome, 19SS w . 343 on in the University. There were still only about 15 bachelors degrees in liberal arts and science, and nearly six times that number in the commercial school. One of the most popular academic buildings was the " Manual Labor School, " between Walsh and Badin Halls, an out-and-out trade school. Notre Dame couldn ' t attract important scholars because its pay for a professor was ridiculously low. Notre Dame simply didn ' t have enough money. Several of the exceptions were priests. One of the most impor- tant during this time was Rev. John A. Zahm, who became a noted biologist. When he became presi- dent in 1905, he began a real program to build the university into a community of scholars. Up to that time, Notre Dame was simply an efficiently run boarding school in the wilderness. Zahm wasn ' t so efficient, but he was willing to go into debt to acquire the kind of people he wanted. Saint Mary ' s had developed quite on its own up to 1905. There was actually very little contact between the two schools. About the only times boys saw girls was on Sunday, when Notre Dame boys could walk down to the end of the road and wave across the Dixie Highway to the Saint Mary ' s girls. There were no class dances until 1905. Relations with the " townies " at the turn of the century were strictly forbidden: any letters addressed to students with postmarks from South Bend were confiscated by the Prefect of Discipline. Around 1910, under James Cavanaugh, Notre Dame began to act a little like a university. Father Julius Nieuwland began his work in chemistry in 1906. He continued his research through the 1930 ' s. His most notable discovery, the formula for syn- thetic rubber, occurred in 1925. On Sunday, Notre Dame boys could walk to the Dixie Highway and wave to St. Mary ' s girls. " A Real Notre Dame Man. " When a Saint Mary ' s girl says this of him, everyone knows that he is a man who upholds the nobility of Catholic manhood, that he is a prince in character and aspira- tions. For this real Notre Dame man, the Saint Mary ' s girl has a message. " Your sister is ready to enter college. If she admires you, she will want to enter a school that offers the same ideals, cul- ture, and education that Notre Dame has given you. This, Saint Mary ' s assures her. Bring her back with you. Only the Dixie Highway separates Saint Mary ' s from Notre Dame. " Because I love Saint Mary ' s her beauty, the girlhood friendships made there, the in- spiration of her culture, the responsive, ever serving love of this educational mother , the Saint Mary ' s graduate, pass the word on to you to carry to the ends of the earth. " I ask you to bring back your sister to my Alma Mater, that she may know the joy of being at Saint Mary ' s, where normal, ordinary school life is happy to live, where character is molded after that of Our Lady the crowning glory of the dome. " Dome, 19S5 Opposite, a page from a faculty scrapbook in 1873. Notre Dame ' s fourth president, Rev. Auguste Lemonnier, is in the upper right corner. Below, the " Academy of Music. " 315 91 I NOTRE DAME ' S OPEN PLAY AMAZES ARMY Cadets Unable to Break Up Accurate Forward Pass- ing of Westerners. Sivdn! to TJtr, eic Fort Times. WEST POINT, N. Y.. Nov. 1. The Notre Dume eleven swept the Army off Its feet on the plains this afternoon, and buried the soldiers under a 35 to 13 score. The Westerners flashed the most sensational football that has been M-JT. tn the East tills year, baffling the cadets with a style of open play and a perfectly developed forward pass, which carried -the victors down the field thirty yard at a clip. The Eastern gridiron hat. not seen such a master of the for- ward pass as Charley Dorals, the Notre Dame quarter back. A frail youth of 143 pounds, as agile as a cat nd s rest- leas as a jumplngjack. Dorals shot for- ward passes with acucracy into the out- stretched arms of his ends. Capt. Kockne and Gushurt, as they stood poised for the ball, often as far as 35 yards away. The yellow leather ept? was In the air half the time, with the Notre Dame team spread out in all directions over the field waiting for It. The Army plajers were hopelessly confused and chagrined before Notre Dame ' s great playing, and their style of old-fash- ioned close line-smashing play was no match for the spectacular and h.ghly perfected attack of the Indiana colle- Si.ins. All five of Notre Dame ' s touch- owns -came as the result of forward passes. They sprang che play on the Army seventeen times, and only missed four. In all they gained 243 yards with the forward pass alone. The topnotch forward pass perform- ance of the game happened In the sec- ond period when Notre Dame carried the ball nearly the entire length of the field in four plays for a touchdown. RobtaM caught MeKwan ' s k ck-off and wag downed- on the fifteen-ya.u line. Little Dorals then got five on a quarter back run. He then hurled a long pass to Pllska which netted thirty yards. Dorais .followed this with a beautiful placed heave of thirty-five yards to Kockne. Another forward pass to Kockne carried the ball to the five- yard line and then Pllska was jammed through the Army forwards for a touchdown. Football men marveled at this start- ling display of open football. B 11 Roper, former head coach at Princeton, irho was one of the officials of the game, said that he had always be ' ieved that such playing was possible under the new rules, but that he had never seen the forward pass developed to uch a state of perfection. Except for a short time in the second period, when the Army team got going and hammered out two touchdown by driving, back-straining work. the Cadets looked like novices compared with the big Indian team. Just before West Point ' s second touchdown, Notre Dame made a great stand under the shadow of rts own goal. The Cadet had the ball on the one-yard Hne and Hodgson, Hobbs and Capt. Hoge hurled themselves at the line, but it would not move. A penalty save the Soldiers their first down and again -the Army backs pushed the r ' gld wall of g ant Vesteruor f. Five times they hammered at the line and on the sixth crash. Prlchard liulletcd his way through for the touchdown. This was the first time Notre Dame has ever been on the army schedule, and a crowd of 5.0UO came to the reservation to-day to witness the tame. Report had the Indiana team strong, but no one Imagined that It knew so much football. Dorals ran the team at top speed all the time The Westerners were on the jump from the start, and handled the hall with. few. muffs. The little quarter back displayed great Judgment at all time , anrt .was never, at a ' " n take. didn ' t tire them earlier. They had the ball most of the time, and were al- ways eating up the distance which sep- arated them from the Army goal line. McEwan kicked off for the Army and Dorias had taken only a few steps when he was burled under a pile of Army men. Elchenlaub tried the Army line, but it would not yield, and then the Cadets let out a yell when the Army got the ball on a fumble. Both sides were penalized 15 yards for holding. Hodgson and Capt. Hoge Jammed through the forward for big gains, but Hodgson was finally forced to kick. He booted the ball to Dorias on the five- yard line and the quarter back wiggled his way back to the 35-yard line before he was brought down. Pllska got around the end for five yards, and then Dorias tried his first forward pass, and it failed, so the quarter back punted to mlrfield. Dorias was tackled so hard after catching Hodgson ' s return punt that he fumbled the ball, and the alert Meachara fell on the ball for the Army. Elchen- laub and Finnlgan tore big holes In the Army ' s front and Dorais s second at- tempt at a forward pass failed. Mc- Ewan, the Army centre, was hurt In the mflee which followed and had to re- tire for a while, but Trainer Harry Tut- hlll patched him up and he got back in the game In a few minutes. Then Notre Dame cut loose. Some vicious line smashing by Eichonlaub and Pllska carried the ball down to the 25- yard line and Dorals hurled a beautiful forward pass to Capt. Rockne, who caught it a few yards from the goal line and rushed it over for the first touchdown. Dorals kicked the goal. Before the first period ended. Dorals got off several spectacular forward passes to Pllska and Rockne. A successful for- ward pass by the Army. Prichard to Louett. carried the ball to Notre Dame ' s 15-yard line, and from there Hodgson and Hobbs plowed their way to the goal line, Hodgson hurling himself over for the score. Woodruff was rushed In as a p ' nch kicker and booted the ball over the crossbar, tlelng the score. Voon after play was resumed Merlllat was tackled so hard by Rockne that he wa slald out, but came back into the game smiling just as soon as he got his wind again. Prlchard then drove the Army team at top speed, and a fine for- ward pass, which he threw to Jouett, landed the leather on the five-yard Hi . Three times Hodgson and Hobbs tried to batter their way over the goal line, but got only as far as the one-yard mark. Here Notre Dame was penalized for holding nr.d the Army fortunately got a first down. The Notre Dame team was making a desperate stand, with the ball only six inches from the goal. Hodg- son slammed himself into the scrlmace twice only to be turned back. On the sixth try. Prlchard hurled his way over for a touchdown. Hosre missed the goal. The Cadets went wild with joy. but their happiness was short-lived, because Dorais then executed a string of for- ward passes which put the Army team completely in the air. After the Army ' s touchdown. Notre Dame, starting from the fifteen-yard rcark. sailed serenely down the field for a touchdown, from which Dorals kicked the goal and put the Westerners in the lead, 1 r to i:i Dorals fell back and the Notre Dame team spread out across the field. Dorais hurled the ball high and straight for twenty-five yards, and Rockne. on the dead run, grabbed the ball out of the air and was downed In midfleld. Dorals lost no time in shoot- Ing another pass at Pliska. which net- ted s thirty-five yards. The ball went higb and straight, and Pliska was far out of the Army ' s reach when he caught It. The partisan Army crowd for the moment forgot that the Army was being defeated, and burst forth In a sincere cheer for the marvelous little quarter back Dorais and his record toss of thirty-five yards. The ball again shot up into the air and was grabbed by Finnlgan a few yards from the Army goal line. Pltska, behind com- pact Interference, skirted the Army- tackle for a touchdown, and Dorais again kicked the goal. Notre Dame had West Point on the run. and there was no stopping their wild, reckless advance. Dorals kept at his great work and had his ends and half backs dashing madly around the field rbasing his long throws. Just be- fore the end of the period Notre Dame had the ball on. the Army ' s 45-yard ; line close to the east side of the grid- I iron. Dorals barked out a signal, and ' the whole western back field and ends rushed across to the west side of the field. Dorals received the ball from his centre and ran back several yards | " The yellow leather egg of those Westerners was in the air half the time. " Polo Grounds, N. Y. Oct. 18, 1991, Outlined against a blue-gray October sky the Four Horse- men rode again. In dramatic lore they are known, famine, pestilence, destruction, and death. Tl are only aliases. Their real names are: Stuldreher, Miller, Crowley, and Layden. They are formed the crest of the South Bend cyclone before which another fighting Army team was swept over the precipice at the Polo Grounds this afternoon as 55,000 spectators peered down upon the bewildering pan- orama spread out upon the green plain below. A cyclone can ' t be snared. It may be surrounded but somewhere it breaks through to keep on going. When the cylone starts from South Bend where the candle lights still gleam through the Indiana sycamores those in the way must take to storm cellars at top speed. The cyclone struck again as Notre Dame beat the Army IS to 7 with a set of backfield stars that ripped and rushed through a strong Army defense with more speed and power than the warring Cadets could meet. Grantland Rice To My Football Suit Oft have I worn thee Long would I mourn thee If fate had torn thee And me apart, Though stains deface thee They do but grace thee, Nought can replace thee In my fond heart. Thou ' rt rather muddy, A trifle bloody, Thou ' rt quite a study, In grey and red; But gold can ' t buy thee, Or ragman eye thee Or soap come nigh thee, Till love is dead. Dome, 1995 347 Aftove, a snow scene in 1896. Right, Father John Zahm with Theodore Roosevelt in a 1913 explora- tion of South America. Zahm was head of the Science College, founded in 1865. Opposite, two students, self-portrait, c. 1890. 348 During Cavanaugh ' s presidency, Notre Dame made its great splash into intercollegiate athletics. But before that, the Irish had to play colleges and teams of such ridiculous ability that many of the records were set during this period, including the all-time scoring spree against American Medical, 142-0, in 1905. Fantastic scores, long runs, and huge kickoff returns proved that Notre Dame was being discriminated against by its equals. The Irish had at least one recognized ail-American, Red Salmon, who scored 250 points between 1900 and 1902. But in 1911, Notre Dame applied for admission to the Mid- west conference the " Big Nine " and was rejected. The next year, Ohio State joined Michigan, North- western, and Chicago to make the Big Ten and to make Notre Dame a permanent independent. In 1913, Notre Dame upset Army. The New York Times gave the game 34 column inches, and practically ignored the Big Ten. Discipline continued to be a problem during the rowdy days of claimed national championships. In 1916, a mob of students discovered that two stu- dents had been beaten on the local street car by company men when the boys tried to evade the fare. The mob attacked a street car and completely wrecked and burned it. For once, the university backed up the students and refused to pay the $5000 for a new car. The ' teens also saw the introduction of the first movies on campus. The showings in Washington Hall had that certain quality that the Engineering Auditorium later assumed. The best part of the show was the audience participation. Notre Dame celebrated its 75th anniversary in wartime as it did its 50th (the Spanish-American War), its 25th (the Civil War), and its founding (the Mexican War) as well as its 100th. World War I reduced Notre Dame ' s student body by about 600. By 1918, the campus was an armed camp. The government created a division of the S.T.A.C. Student Army Training Corps on cam- pus. The regiment, which converted the halls into barracks and eventually abandoned classes, was judged " inferior in quality " by the military. In 1920, Notre Dame divided itself into the four colleges Arts and Letters, Science, Engineering, and Business that have persisted until today. The University gradually did away with the prep school, and began serious expansion of the physical plant in 1920. The first fund drive in the history of the uni- versity was set for $2 million, with aid from the Rockefeller foundation. Half of the money was to be spent for buildings, mostly dormitories. The pres- ence of off-campus students made some really diffi- cult discipline problems, since the rigidly enforced campus rules could hardly apply in South Bend. Football continued its amazing rise during the ' 20 ' s. Rockne, who had played in 1913, became coach in 1918, and remained until he died in a 1931 plane crash. George Gipp, Rockne ' s greatest discovery, became a national figure during his years at Notre Dame, with 4,110 yards rushing between Notre Dame has celebrated its 1st, 25th, 5Oth, 75th and lOOth anniversaries in wartime. Thus we have shown you day by day How speed our happy Senior year; With work and merry-hearted play From welcome-hand to parting tear. We ' re scattered now throughout the land, In fighting garb to " do our bit, " We ' re members of that braver band Who heard the call and answered it. And though some rise to greater fame. While others find but " tents of green, " They ' ll ne ' re forget old Notre Dame, Nor her war-rent class of ' 17. Dome, 1917. Announcement from the Students ' Office that private phones would be installed for those students desiring the same caused a rush for applications this afternoon. Only fifty will be installed. Said one socially aspiring student, " Yes, the old traditional system took lots of the joy out of life. Whenever I wanted to call up Geraldine or Mayme or Marguerite, or whenever someone called me, it was necessary for me to go to the rector ' s office. I am sure that the new plan will prove popular with such students as myself who feel that they have an ability to keep up the prestige of Notre Dame in social matters. Speaking of myself . . . " Dome, 1990 319 350 1917 and 1920. Gipp was made a permanent Notre Dame legend when he died of a throat infection which had developed after the season ' s last football game. Between 1922 and 1928, Notre Dame shared in the nationwide craze over football. Rockne was coach, and the show that the team put on began drawing fantastic crowds. In 1923, only 53,000 people turned out at Cartier Field for the home games, but 135,000 came for the away games. In 1924, Notre Dame had its first undisputed National Championship. By 1927, the attraction was overwhelming 120,- 000 people crowded Soldiers Field in Chicago for the Southern Cal game. By the fall of 1930, the stadium was completed, and Notre Dame continued winning consistently. Some of the more incredible buildings were put up during the ' 20 ' s. Since the off-campus students had reached 1100, the administration hastily built two halls Freshmen Hall and Sophomore Hall. Both were made of wood and housed a total of 362 students. Between 1924 and 1926, Howard, Mor- rissey, and Lyons were built, taking almost a thou- sand students from the 1400 living off-campus. That modern rendition of a medieval mead-hall, the South Dining Hall, proved to be the most extravagant building put up during the period. It cost $750,000, and was described only in superlatives. It certainly was big: two huge rooms, each 220 feet by 62 feet with a combined seating capacity of 2200. The building continued into the early thirties. Alumni, Dillon, the Law Building, and the Engineer- ing Building were added. In 1929, the Minims were disbanded, much to the sadness of the more tradi- tion-minded students and alumni. Minims ' Hall was expanded and the name changed to St. Edward ' s Hall. Knute Rockne died in 1931 in a plane crash, after a legendary career as player and coach. Three of the teams between 1924 and 1930 were national cham- pions, and Rockne himself was a national hero. C.B.S. Radio broadcast the funeral nationwide. The thirties saw the further academic Develop- ment of the university. Several graduate depart- ments were added in science. But Notre Dame didn ' t expand its physical plant, and its enrollment dropped steadily during the Depression. Father O ' Hara became the 13th president in 1934. He had achieved a national reputation as editor of the wide- ly-distributed Religious Bulletin. The forties brought World War II, the 100th anniversary, and the Navy, which established an armed camp on campus. Following the war, Notre Dame, in response to the increase in number of applicants, increased enrollment from 3,200 to 5,100 without a significant change in the number of rooms available. 1952 brought Father Hesburgh, 16th President, who began a $65-million expansion program to fill the physical needs of post-war Notre Dame. Despite the development of the University in the past 20 years, most of the " old traditions " that pervade the cam- pus go back to Sorin, the Minims and " the Rock. " By the time Hesburgh be came president, almost all of the " old traditions " had been set. There is one spot on the campus of Notre Dame that never fails to win the sympathy of student and visitor alike; one place with a charm all its own; one point of attraction that is simply irresistible " The Minims. " Picture to yourself a hundred or two happy faces, chubby, perhaps a trifle begrimed as well, radiant with fun and laughter; watch the lively antics as the little fellows tear across the playground; hear their sober discussions of the relative merits of Notre Dame and Michigan as they puzzle out the intricacies of the Western Championship. On the whole, St. Edwards Hall is one of the most ideal spots in America. It stands for the fullness of democracy, for by its basic principle it places the Minim on a level with the student of mature age and completes the great Christian family that goes to make up the University. Dome, 1910 Opposite, above, the South Dining Hall, late 1940 ' s: note the waiters, table cloths, flowers, and silver. Opposite, below, " Minim ' s Hall " with Father Sorin. Below, a room in Sorin Hall, c. 1890. 351 " The Dome of 1926 " is off the presses. This is the twentieth volume of the university annual, which is as all college men know a useful and beautiful compendium of all that is worthwhile in student life, a thing of beauty in itself and a treasured possession for the years to come. The News-Times congratulates and compli- ments the editors of this year ' s publication for their achievement. From every standpoint, se- lection of materials, text illustration, and de- sign, The Dome is a work that represents the fine spirit of the college. Certainly no one who scans its pages can es- cape a feeling of deep pride in the University and in the men who make it. South Bend News-Times, 1926. 352 - pp .;- i;: " : " . ' - S . " " " -. ' - ' " ' .v . ' ; " ' s , ,- - ,..,-, V . , 1 " . " ' - ' ' : i ' ' T-. ' s ' . ' :, ' SfesBwaB

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