University of Notre Dame - Dome Yearbook (Notre Dame, IN)

 - Class of 1967

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University of Notre Dame - Dome Yearbook (Notre Dame, IN) online yearbook collection, 1967 Edition, Cover
Cover



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Text from Pages 1 - 360 of the 1967 volume:

M ' mm HE0K; . ' i m m DOME UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME HMHj Associate Editor Thomas Malone Assistant Editor William Coco Photography Editor Neil Bpwen Contribute Jamie McKenna, Daniel Murray, James Briogemai Barbara Gibson, Geof Bartz, Ned Buchbirrder, Thomas Fitzharris Academics Michael Frazier . . Organizations Kevin Flyrin Athletrcs Joseph Stein, William Thieman . Student Life David Heskin Graduates James O ' Neill Adviser Rev. Charles I. McCarragher, C.S.C. . Business Manager Gladyse Cunningham Introduction 4 Academics 16 The New Shape of Academics Organizations 96 The Campus Professional Takes Over Athletics 154 Twin Arenas: Central Complex for Athletics " Student Life 216 Community and Culture: Tenor of a University Graduates 276 Howd ' Ya Howd ' Ya Senior Index 330 Credits and Colophon 340 General Index 342 Epilogue 344 Where It Was Warm University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana. Dome, Volume 58 INotre Dame ' s efflorescence has been one of the most spectacular developments in higher education in the last twenty five years. I suspect that Notre Dame has done more than any other institution in this period, possibly because there was more to do. " Robert Hutchins One hundred and twenty five years after its founding in 1842, the University of Notre Dame is the outstanding Catholic institution of higher learning in the United States. Al- though this is by no means obvious to all, Notre Dame is unquestionably at the forefront of Catholic education, and its president, Father Hesburgh, has been instrumental in gain- ing for Notre Dame this position. Prior to the appointment of Father Cavanaugh to the presidency in 1948, however, there was little to indicate the academic prominence that Notre Dame now enjoys. Liter- ally molded by the disciplined hand of its founder, Father Sorin, Notre Dame was a typically self-centered Catholic institution, in possession of all the truth worth knowing, and oblivious to events occurring outside of its narrow constructs. While part of this was due to a mission mentality on the part of the University ' s constituents, much of the parochial atmosphere resulted from institutional exigen- cies; Notre Dame was, quite simply, a financially poor university, and merely keeping the doors open was an all-embracing task. Until 1913, Notre Dame slept quietly by its two lakes. Then by virtue of an upset victory over Army ' s football team, the university was formally introduced to the academic and social world. Under the aegis of Rockne, football be- came a national institution and Notre Dame a national university. Although far from a scholarly activity, football provided the only reliable source of income in the university ' s history, thereby indirectly aiding its academic pursuits. But football does not make a great university, and for most of its history, this was Notre Dame ' s greatest contribution to American life. While the accomplishments of Fathers Nieuwland and Zahm have been endlessly touted, academic accomplishment was obvious- ly not Notre Dame ' s forte. In the early 50 ' s, Father Cavanaugh convinced a conservative alumni and clergy that academic proficiency is necessary to a university. His activity provided a firm foun- dation for Father Hesburgh ' s extraordinary remolding of Notre Dame ' s football image into that of a respected academic institution. But it would be inaccurate to characterize what happened to Notre Dame after World War II as a revolution. Rather the change has been evolutionary, noisy to be sure, pre- cipitating new values and molding them in terms of the past. One indication of this is the student body. Although academically far superior to its predecessors, and national in representation, the composition has been consistently white, middle class and Catholic. Despite efforts by the office of admissions, this pattern is un- likely to change in the near future. Another indication is the continuing assumption that quasi-professional football is integral to Notre Dame ' s vitality as an educational institu- tion. While few would question the value of a strong intercollegiate athletic program and none would deny the social benefits a football weekend brings, the place at an academic institution of such a grandiose autumn spectacle is by no means clear. The conflict of past traditions with current academic values is apparent in the election of Ambrose Dudley as president of the alumni association. If Dudley ' s opinions are repre- sentative of most alumni, his overwhelming ignorance of student life, at least at this uni- versity, portends a grave dichotomy between the class of ' 67 and its pre-war predecessors. The process of growth which has characterized Notre Dame since World War II is com- mon to many American educational institutions in both the public and private spheres. And the tension between past and present is not peculiar to this university. Notre Dame, today, despite a slow beginning and continuing conservatism, is vastly different from the institution it was ten years ago. It is physically larger, ten times as wealthy, academically respected, and with the new lay board of trustees, structurally reformed. Today, Notre Dame presents an environment for growth very different than a generation ago while still maintaining, for better or worse, some of the traditions of its past. Student organizations are in large part a measure of institutional excellence on the un- dergraduate level. The diversity and quality of activities invariably reflects the composition of the university which fosters them. Yet the phenomenon of " total immersion " in extra- curriculars is a new one at Notre Dame, as is the proliferation of campus activities. Ten years ago, there was no CILA, Film Society, Observer, or any of the active political organi- zations like S.D.S. or YAF. TRADITIONS vs. CURRENT ACADEMIC VALUES Of the firmly entrenched organizations, some stand out perennially regardless of their effectiveness; their size renders them prominent, or by nature they relate to a great num- ber of students. Among these are student government, the Scholastic and Observer, and to a lesser degree the service groups. Under president Jim Fish, student government became analogous to the " hidden god. " Precisely what its activities were proved to be unknown to the greatest portion of stu- dents. During his campaign, Fish promised, among other things, to improve student-faculty relations, assist in developing a meaningful hall life, as reflected in the stay hall system, and streamline the administration of student government. Yet stay hall elections, presum- ably pushed by student government, were with one exception across the board failures. Underlying this is the continuing and puzzling contempt undergraduates have of the four year residence system. Further, the mediocrity of Alumni hall caused some to doubt the value of a university-wide stay hall system. The senate continues to be little more than an occasional forum, whose value was ques- tioned by some of its own members. And the concept of the senate as a representative body was shattered by the obvious split between senators and their constituents on the stay hall question. To Fish ' s credit was his firm insistence on the value of the Observer, and stolid defense of its editor ' s right to publish without censorship. This he did in opposition to the admin- istrative vice-president whom he appointed. Fish ' s successful attempt to create a student union reflects his outstanding organizational ability, but the value of the new bureaucracy is not immediately obvious. Perhaps Murphy ' s presidency will justify Fish ' s optimism over this new apparatus of government. No organizations on campus yield more power to mold student opinion than the Scho- lastic and Observer. Under co-editors Anson and Feldhaus, the Observer more often cru- THIS NEW APPARATUS OF STUDENT GOVERNMENT 10 saded than reported. Its pages did reflect some of the liveliest, if not the best, writing on campus, a condition which jaundiced several administrators. Ironically, the newspaper ' s most vehement critics were in student government, but an attempt to cripple its indepen- dence was rightfully squelched. Although occasionally imperfect, the Observer proved that the possibility of Notre Dame ' s having a first rate college newspaper is excellent. And given responsible editors, terse queries about the need for such a medium at Notre Dame can only be regarded as sophomoric. For the first half of its existence, editor Murray ' s Scholastic displayed occasional good writing and a lot of technical competence. Although features by Sullivan, McKenna and Anson were excellent, much of the material was dull, and editorials were predictable: boor- ish students are out, stay hall is in. In the second semester, however, the magazine ' s tempo increased, and the issue devoted to responsibility and the press was one of the best Scho- lastics to appear in the last four years. It provided a history of censorship at Notre Dame, and within this framework suggested that such procedures are anachronistic and barbaric. Apart from this issue on censorship, and fre- quent articles on stay hall, the Scholastic voiced few strong opinions, the notable exceptions be- ing editorials which criticized student govern- ment and denigrated the value of the athletic and convocation center. Success of the honor council continued to place the burden of academic honesty and per- sonal integrity on the student. Its place in the Notre Dame academic community is secure but, in its fourth year, has not eliminated legalism as a primary motive for personal honesty. A residence university is educational environment in its totality. Perhaps the most sig- nificant part of an individual ' s education comes not in the classroom, but in the hall. As one exercises his talent, he is educating his classmates as an artist, engineer, scientist or philosopher. Although Notre Dame has always been a residence university, almost one- third of the undergraduate student body lives off-campus. Further, most on-campus stu- dents live in forced accommodations, which despite environmental inadequacies produce a remarkably cohesive and loyal student body. The dedication of the alumni to Notre Dame THE BURDEN OF HONESTY AND INTEGRITY 12 as well as the reluctance of most students to move off-campus reflects an attachment to the University rarely found at other institutions. But success on the economic level does not insure success on other levels. Despite a close student body, current residence conditions are in no way conducive to cultural and intellectual development. While rigid and authoritarian rules have been abrogated in favor of personal freedom, the value of a residence university is questionable if it does not con- tribute fully to the development of its students. Most of the older halls offer only con- stricted accommodations with minimal facilities for study and relaxation. Newer resi- dences unfortunately present a sterile conformity distasteful to many. Although plans have been completed for three tower dorms to be built north of the Library, funds are currently unavailable, and in lieu of private donors a government loan will be sought. Recognizing these structural inadequacies, both students and administration have at- tempted to make hall life a vital force in student development. Part of this has been achieved by placing upon the student the responsibility of hall regulations. No longer are students required by administration fiat to observe curfew and sign in at appointed hours. Other restrictions on the possession of liquor and presence of women in the halls have been at least tacitly eased. Although the necessity for instruments like the hall judicial boards were questioned by some and rejected by members of Lyons, they do represent a shift in emphasis from the rector to the student. Not directly concerned with hall life, the development of the Honor Code places the burden of personal integrity on the student and indirectly forms the basis for community by creating concern for others. Underlying this has been the assumption that the removal of external regulations would allow students to form meaningful relationships in a hall community. The difficulty of forming any kind of community within the halls, however, indicates that the absence of structural rigidity is no panacea. Although there is no Catholic equivalent, Notre Dame included, of a Chicago, Harvard or Berkeley on the graduate level, in undergradute studies the institution is competitive with any university in the United States. Despite a poor representation this year in Na- RIGID AND AUTHORITARIAN RULES HAVE BEEN ABROGATED FOR PERSONAL FREEDOM tional fellowship competition, Notre Dame has more Danforth, Woodrow Wilson, and Rhodes Scholars than any other Catholic institution in the country. Notre Dame ranks number one, along with Harvard, in Danforth competition and is among the top twelve United States institutions in the number of Woodrow Wilson scholars. A further indica- tion of the quality of undergraduate education is the extremely high number of National Merit Scholars who choose Notre Dame over all other schools. And of prime significance on the undergraduate level is the recommendation of the Phi Beta Kappa commission that Notre Dame be granted a charter. One of the most crucial questions facing Notre Dame and all Church-related institu- tions is to what extent the Christian dimension should enter into a predominantly secular curriculum. Today an array of courses vie for the students ' attention and Theology is no longer seen as the unifying element. Hence academic and professional competence are stressed, rightly so, but the relevance of Christianity except as a separate discipline is rarely realized in the classroom. Where Christian overlaps with or permeates University is more often unclear than not. The University has until now found it difficult to arrive at even a tentative version of an- swers to such fundamental questions as its relation to and place in the Christian tradi- tion. This inability to define its basic suppositions is perhaps indicative of the nature of the problems the University must now face. During Notre Dame ' s noisy evolution the University was under the illusion that it was dealing with large problems. But the removal of old restrictions has only revealed much more basic questions which at present neither a bland student body nor a concerned Administration appear ready to solve. THE REMOVAL OF OLD RESTRICTIONS HAS ONLY REVEALED MUCH MORE BASIC QUESTIONS 15 THE NEW SHAPE OF ACADEMICS IN otre Dame is expanding and specializing at a rate that belies the steady yearly turn- over of 1500 students. In the University ' s pace, there is a maddening movement, for the student who lacks orientation. A growing consciousness of the dangers of misdirection underlies a series of developing interrelationships. Though under separate deans, the colleges are increasingly interdependent. This year engineering students began taking the collegiate seminar reading program. Significantly, there are no separate engineering sections, but a scattering of the engineering students among the existing sections, with the corresponding addition of teachers from the engi- neering college specially prepared to teach the regular sections. The engineering major who finds he would like to explore the humanities even more deeply can join the com- bination program and graduate in five years with both the A.B. and B.S.E. Another ex- ample of interaction between colleges is the business school ' s six-year program in con- junction with the law school, resulting in a business degree in the fifth year and the law degree in the sixth. The information explo- sion in all fields has expanded the compu- ter ' s application beyond the scientists and engineers to include experiments in mar- keting and political science. No college stands by itself. While 150 arts and letters intents have been exposed to an improved, conceptual approach to modern science in the new unified science program, and more are taking advanced courses in the science college than in pre- vious years, business students take almost half their courses in the arts and letters as part of their approach. Corresponding to a growing interdependence among the four colleges is a new intra- dependence within each college. Initiating a regular-year master ' s program injected a new dynamism into the language department. Expansion has spurred increasing inter- est in the various area studies programs, combining courses from almost all the arts and letters disciplines. Though not directly related, the sophomore year abroad his similar- ly involved a general education in the culture of another area. While the number of fresh- men competing for Innsbruck has dropped from two years ago, a program of studies in France began this year and next year a small group will study in Japan. The department of engineering science, to teach its majors the analysis, synthesis, and design of systems in traditional and newly emerging fields as aerospace engineering and operations re- ND-SMC RELATIONSHIPS ARE DECIDEDLY ONE- SIDED AT THE ACADEMIC LEVEL COURSES JOIN THE GRADUATE AND UNDERGRADUATE LEVELS 18 search, draws heavily from its sister departments, notably electrical engineering. Con- temporary emphasis on particle research brings together all the science disciplines, em- phasized most recently by the linear accelerator being added to the Radiation Building and the Van de Graaff accelerator extending behind Nieuwland Science Hall. Beyond the intercourse between graduate assistants and undergraduates in the teach- er-student relationship, numerous courses also join the two levels, allowing shared insights drawing from their difference in milieu. Graduate level research provides a professor substance with which to update his undergraduate lectures. More generally, the develop- ment of several graduate departments has attracted new men and resulted in new courses whose benefits most often filter down to the undergraduate students. A closer relationship is likewise developing among the administration, faculty, and stu- dents. Discussions on a faculty manual and senate highlighted the year ' s interchange be- tween the Golden Dome and the various colleges, similar in many ways to the successful attempt to provide lay representation among the trustees of the University. A faculty mem- ber was chosen to direct the library, and faculty members continue to provide counseling in the Freshman Year of Studies. In the four colleges, advisory systems have been widely adopted, while the library ' s faculty lounge continues to provide an informal meeting place with students. Notre Dame-Saint Mary ' s relations are decidedly one-sided at the academic level. While the Notre Dame enrollment at the girls ' school has declined from an initial spurt of curiosity, Saint Mary ' s enrollment at Notre Dame has considerably increased. An ad- vertisement seeking a finance major to handle the economics of student government served to indicate a closer contact between the curricular and extracurricular. Finally, the Continuing Education Center began last year and continues as a very promising and flexible channel for dialogues often directly related to undergraduate education. The entire scope of these relationships is perhaps best seen in theology, a department affecting as many students as any other on campus. Notre Dame ' s theology department has noticeably improved over the last few years. Increasing student interest in theology led to the department ' s extension beyond its traditional service role, especially with the recent offering of a major in theology. This addition has brought new and excellent pro- fessors to the department, who in some cases are teaching a lower division course as well as courses in the major sequence. Over last year, undergraduate theology electives increased from seven to eleven, whole the number of graduate courses grew from four to sixteen. The more specialized students take Rabbi Karff and Father Blenkinsop to study the theological implications of Jewish literature and language or Stephanou for a view of Greek Orthodoxy. The department head, Fr. Schlitzer, has indicated an interest in adding a Protestant theologian to the department. At the more basic level, undergrad- uates point to Fr. Hegge, Fr. Burtchaell, and Dr. Ford as a few of the more stimulating teachers. Reacting to student interest in all aspects of the theological, the law school this year opened a course in natural law to a number of capable undergraduates. And last March, the academic focus of the university at all levels was the discussion of issues growing out of Vatican II, a conference that most appropriately inaugurated and exercised to its ca- pacity the Center for Continuing Education. With growth resulting as much from student interest as from departmental initiative, the theology department in its disciplinary and interdisciplinary as well as extracurricu- lar aspects is indicative of the development which characterized the University this year. A MADDENING MOVEMENT FOR THE STUDENT WHO LACKS ORIENTATION . . 19 ACADEMICS ADMINISTRATION The president of a large university today has to make his university present to the world in all the major ques- tions of the times. " Feeling thus, Rev. Theodore M. Hesburgh, C.S.C., spends much of a busy schedule work- ing on important national and international committees studying such modern problems as the peaceful use of atomic energy, civil rights, Latin America and world-wide university development. Working with the most promi- nent men in education, politics, and many other fields, Fr. Hesburgh contributes greatly to the growing inter- national reputation of Notre Dame. As the foremost Catholic university in America, Fr. Hesburgh feels, Notre Dame must lead in providing a Catholic perspective on international issues. " A modern Catholic university has to be in the mainstream, and much of the responsibility falls on the president. " Thus Fr. Hesburgh this year traveled around the world ten times outside of the United States for meetings of the Atomic Energy Commission, Jerusalem ' s Ecumenical Institute, which Pope Paul asked him to organize, the United States Civil Rights Commission, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Inter- national Federation of Catholic Universities, and the Rockefeller Foundation. He was also named to the most important committee on higher education in the U.S., the new Carnegie Study of Higher Education, which is headed by ex-University of California president Clark Kerr. On campus, Fr. Hesburgh considers the developments toward a faculty manual and the reorganization of the Board of Trustees as the most significant internal de- velopments this year. Long work on the manual was completed with its approval in late spring by the Aca- demic Council. The manual enlarged the faculty ' s power in guiding the university academically and estab- lished a new faculty senate. The changes in the structure of the University ' s government were prematurely announced in the Ave Maria, explained by Fr. Hesburgh in a 12-page letter to " the Notre Dame family, " and finally approved at the January chapter meetings of the Indiana Province of Holy Cross priests at the Kellogg Center. The six clerical trustees will elect six of the thirty present lay trustees to serve with them as the Fellows of the University. They will elect themselves and the other members of the lay board to a single Board of Trustees of the University, which will govern the University and elect the president from nominees presented by the congregation. Although in many ways the changes simply legalize the existing situation the two boards had not met sepa- rately since Fr. Hesburgh became president in 1952 the move will deepen lay interests in the University. " The new board reflects the kind of world we are send- ing people into, " he adds. The progress of Notre Dame, Fr. Hesburgh empha- sizes, must be attributed to the efforts of all elements of the community; the faculty manual and the change in government represent the strengthening of two of these elements. His favorite phrase for this teamwork is " The Notre Dame Family " " The total enthusiasm and spirit of the place is what moves it forward. " Yet the vision which directs the University is largely that of the President. " From here you have to dream a few dreams, " and Fr. Hesburgh ' s dreams include a doctoral program in every department and complete on- campus residence in good living conditions. The foreign studies program begun two years ago will be expanded next year to include Japan, and could someday include Chile and China. Notre Dame will also cooperate much more on graduate level studies with other universities in the Midwest, which is rapidly growing in importance as an educational area; he points out that 30 per cent of the American science doctorates are granted from mid- western institutions. In our own graduate school, there will be a necessary focusing of studies. A school of this size can ' t do everything, Fr. Hesburgh realizes but it must do everything it undertakes extremely well. 20 Above, Rev. Theodore M. Hesburgh, C.S.C., President of the University 21 As Executive Vice-President, Rev. Edmund P. Joyce, C.S.C., is like a chief of staff of the administration. Acting president during Fr. Hesburgh ' s absences, Fr. Joyce makes many of the day-to-day decisions, and as treasurer of the University, he is involved in all the financial aspects of the school. In practice, Fr. Joyce spends very little time on academic matters and is primarily concerned with business matters. Before becoming a priest, he re- ceived his C.P.A., and shortly after his ordination he served as vice-president for business affairs. To Fr. Joyce, this was " a rather normal year very busy, very much done, but outside of the change in governance, nothing really special. " Like most mem- bers of the administration, however, he tends to think in longer time spans than individual years. With some pride, he notes that since Fr. Hesburgh and he came into office together some fifteen years ago, the University ' s endowment has increased six-fold, to over fifty million dollars. Although he would prefer to see it closer to 300 million, the increase is considerable. As chairman of the building committee, the execu- tive vice-president is also concerned with the growth of Notre Dame ' s physical plant. Completed this year was the new post office, and still under construction are the Athletic and Convocation Center, the linear accelerator and the new Lobund Center, all of which necessitate an expensive steam plant enlargement. But the greatest hope of the building program, awaiting only sufficient private or government fund- ing, are the new dormitories. Without a concrete bud- get, details remain incomplete, but architect ' s plans call for six, eight or ten story dorms, located in a circle between the library and Stepan Center. Small floors of twenty-five students each will feature com- mon lounges and variety in room sizes, with com- pletely movable furniture. Lounge and activities areas will occupy the entire basement and first floor of each dorm. Although one of the purposes of the new dorms is to bring more students on campus, overcrowding in present halls will also be alleviated, and renova- tions of the older dorms is part of the overall program. Fr. Joyce also chairs the Faculty Board of Athletics, which occupies a relatively small part of his schedule. Assistant to the President George N. Shuster is the only man at Notre Dame who is a member of both the faculty and the Board of Trustees. As a member of the trustees ' development board and in working closely with Fr. Hesburgh on University policy, Dr. Shuster is able to consider in broad, long range terms the philosophy of the University and its pro- grams. To these considerations, he brings a long background in education and scholarship, including the presidency of Hunter College. This year, Dr. Shus- ACADEMICS ADMINISTRATION ter completed work on a study of Catholic primary and secondary education. Dr. Shuster has general responsibility for the Cen- ter for the Study of Man in Contemporary Society, founded as a result of the original Ford Foundation grant under Challenge I. With eleventh floor Library offices, the Center is making studies in such fields as urban life population research and Latin American concerns. At the Catholic University of Peru, Notre Dame has agreed to help in the natural sciences, both in setting up a curriculum and training pro- fessors and in overall administration. Excepting the government-supported Lobund and Atomic Energy research, Dr. Shuster feels Notre Dame ' s humanities research compares favorably with the sciences. But the Center ' s plans call for an in- crease in scope to include the scientific implications of its concerns as well. Among the general projections with which Dr. Shuster is concerned are relations with St. Mary ' s College and development within the field of lan- guages. He feels that the University will pursue a much more intimate relationship with St. Mary ' s, as in this year ' s combination of the schools ' theaters and a planned interrelationship of the music depart- ments. Although the cooperation could extend to fund-raising, Dr. Shuster feels that such difficulties as faculty salary differences and Notre Dame ' s greater research consciousness will prevent any complete merger. But he definitely envisages St. Mary ' s stu- dents being able to receive a Notre Dame degree. A committee of distinguished visitors recently stud- ied the language departments, and their evaluations are expected to suggest improvements in language opportunities here. A basic difficulty is that students interested in language majors do not apply to Notre Dame, while faculty are seldom satisfied with exclu- sively lower division courses. Development in the theology department has already stimulated some interest in Hebrew, however, and the growing foreign studies program next year to include Austria, France and Japan, and soon Chile is expected to increase advanced-level interest. Dr. Shuster considers the University ' s most out- standing improvements to be the recruiting of young faculty and top undergraduates. " Our weak spot is the cohesion of the student body; if a student isn ' t out- going, he can be awfully lonely here. " Another great problem is the general lack of cultural awareness among students. The administration will strongly sup- port any student-initiated project, he emphasized, but considering the lack of student participation in already given activities, they are not sure what else they can do. 22 Top, George N. Shuster, Assistant to the president. Above, Rev. Edmund P. Joyce, C.S.C., Executive Vice-President. 23 ACADEMICS ADMINISTRATION .- Top left, Rev. John E. Wash, C.S.C., Vice-President for Academic Affairs. Top right, Bro. Raphael Wilson, C.S.C., Director of Admis- sions and Scholarships. Above, Thomas E. Stewart, Associate Vice- President for Academic Affairs. 24 Overseeing the University ' s thirty-five departments and several academic deans is Rev. John E. Walsh, C.S.C., Vice-President for Academic Affairs. In his sec- ond year in office, Fr. Walsh emphasized the develop- ment of interdepartmental and interdisciplinary studies. The Unified Science program introduced for under- graduates attempted " to bridge the traditional dispute between science and the humanities. The non-scientist should get an idea of the method, procedure and intel- lectual power of the sciences. " The program combined fundamentals from several areas of science. To familiar- ize the non-Liberal Arts major with the humanities, the Collegiate seminar reading program was extended to all engineering students. Interdisciplinary studies were emphasized by the development of the Social Sciences Training Laboratory and the continuation of area studies in Latin America and Western Europe, with an African studies program begun in cooperation with St. Mary ' s. The Sophomore Year Abroad also joined with St. Mary ' s to establish a branch in Angers, France, and another program was ar- ranged for next fall with Tokyo ' s Sophia University. Growth within the departments was emphasized as well, and excellent lecture series were originated in philosophy and science. Both the philosophy and theol- ogy departments were strengthened, and the beginnings of the theology graduate school were developed. A Uni- versity committee studied the potential of audio-visual education, and to begin a campus-wide development in the field, laboratories for the Unified Science program were equipped with audio-visual facilities. Several reports on higher education published this year confirmed the high rating of Notre Dame ' s under- graduate school, but graduate departments fared much less favorably. Only in modern language are there defi- nite plans to initiate new graduate programs, and em- phasis in the near future will be on raising the quality of the graduate student. Fr. Walsh feels th e quality of the faculty on both levels is improving, but he empha- sized that more excellent scholarship is sought in new faculty members. " We want men who are as much con- cerned with values as ideas, and who don ' t see a con- flict between the two. " Academic developments this year sought improve- ment of each department and greater integration of the academic community. Although final decision will not be made until August, one measure of the success of these efforts was the favorable recommendation by the Phi Beta Kappa reviewing committee. Responsibility for the calibre of students at the Uni- versity lies with the admissions office. Starting with this assumption, new Director of Admissions Bro. Raphael Wilson, C.S.C., last year re-examined the admissions procedures and requirements, and discovered that rais- ing statistical admissions standards was not the only way to get better students. His new program, underway this year, is essentially one of public relations. Although Notre Dame sends out some 15,000 applications on request each year, and gets some 5,000 of them back, actual selectivity is not as high as most people assume. Many applicants can be rejected on minimal academic grounds they would flunk out if admitted and many students apply to more than one college, making it necessary to accept many more than 1,500 prospective freshmen. Thus the quality of the incoming class first depends upon who applies and then on which students finally decide to at- tend Notre Dame. The admissions office is trying to aim its high school publicity at the type of student the University desires. This requires research both into the motives of high school students and into the needs of the University. " Our job now is to distill the philosophy of Notre Dame, transfer it into terms comprehensible to the high school graduate, and then project it in our brochures. We are really providing a basis for self-selection. " It is also important to reach the high school principals and coun- selors who often advise on college selection. The obligation of the admissions office is to honestly portray what now exists here. Bro. Wilson has empha- sized visits to the campus by prospective applicants, and has greatly increased the involvement of students and alumni in interviewing. " In these interviews, how- ever, we don ' t attempt to plumb the depths of the inter- viewee, but rather in the process to portray to him what Notre Dame is all about. " The office hired four recent graduates to work on the new program, while Blue Circle volunteers conducted tours for visiting applicants and their families. For the many students who require financial aid to attend Notre Dame, he foresees a doubling of scholar- ships within two years. Meanwhile, the admissions of- fice seeks to attract men whom the University wants, but also men who need the University. Bro. Wilson de- fines the ideal applicant as not only an excellent schol- ar, but one who will profit from the special advantages for personal development that Notre Dame offers. 25 Above, Rev. Charles I. McCarragher, C.S.C., Vice- President for Student Affairs. Right, Rev. Daniel J. O ' Neil, C.S.C., Assistant Vice-President for Student Affairs. ACADEMICS ADMINISTRATION 26 As the only vice-president concerned directly and primarily with the students, Rev. Charles I. McCar- ragher, C.S.C., directs and advises all student ventures, including Student Government and publications. Influential in enacting this year ' s rules changes, Fr. McCarragher feels they have relaxed people on campus and allowed them to face their more important basic concerns as students. But he holds that a much greater uniformity of interpretation is necessary, and a regula- tions book next fall will spell out the implications and limitations of the changes. With SBP Jim Fish, Fr. McCarragher this year scru- tinized Student Government and discovered a pressing need for structural reorganization. High Student Gov- ernment positions, especially those of the president and treasurer, have in recent years become almost full-time jobs, while the Senate ' s ineffectual debates over details are for the most part irrelevant. The new Student Union resulted from these consid- erations. Unlike the buildings and incorporations tagged " student union " at some colleges, the Notre Dame student union will be the functional branch of stu- dent government, including most of the present com- missions. A Student Union president will be appointed by the SBP. The hope of the plan is that the SBP, Cabinet and Senate will respond with creativity and ini- tiative to their freedom from implementing details. Rais- ing the activities fee is an important part of the pro- gram, since the union will require a paid accountant and secretarial help. But Fr. McCarragher feels the plan will meet the most pressing need of student govern- ment that of involving more people for less time. In student publications a similar situation exists. Heavy demands, especially great since no journalism training is available at Notre Dame, limit the number of students involved. With all the staffs low on experi- ence next fall, Fr. McCarragher hopes a non-credit jour- nalism course can be offered a course, he empha- sizes, for education, not for censorship. The Observer in a bitter article in February accused him and the Ad- ministration of censorship. His opinion of the Ob- server ' s problem was lack of direction: while WSND pro- vided the quickest news coverage and the Scholastic offered the most considered news analysis, the Observer had no tradition or special purpose to guide it, and editorialism dominated. Although he admits that stu- dent publications are often misunderstood, a more basic fault, in his view, was the failure of the Observer to address its audience the student body. More alarming to him, however, is the low level of cultural awareness on campus. Although he feels stu- dent government should be more actively concerned with this, Fr. McCarragher lays the blame with the stu- dents: cultural concerts and lectures are generally un- popular. His office is willing to promote improvements, and he hopes the new convocation center facilities may help. Meanwhile, the rising price of dance and con- cert tickets reflects Notre Dame ' s false sophistication. 27 ACADEMICS ADMINISTRATION Vice-President for Public Relations and Development James W. Frick views the task of his office as securing both understanding and support for the three functions of the University education, research and public service. His division includes such units as the Notre Dame Foun- dation, the department of division units, public informa- tion, the Alumni Association, and the Placement Bureau. Never working solely for the present, Mr. Frick is always planning for the Notre Dame of five to ten years from now. Although his office is not charged with ex- penditures or allocations of funds, Mr. Frick necessarily works in close coordination with the Vice-President for Business Affairs. The present list of projections num- bers twenty-three items, ranging from endowment of professorial chairs and student scholarships to addi- tional dining facilities for the new dormitories north of the Library. To realize all of these hopes would require some fifty million dollars within five years. Notre Dame alumni are traditionally generous, but the University has also been fortunate in having Ford Foundation support in the two challenge programs. The publicity impetus as well as the matching funds have been beneficial to both campaigns, while the challenge programs have considerably broadened the general base of support. Although the University ' s bid for an un- precedented third consecutive grant for a capital gift campaign is still under consideration by Ford, another drive will be necessary in the near future with or with- out Ford assistance. The independent fund-raising drives of Notre Dame have been amazingly successful as well, and the office of public relations and development manages its own publicity and contacts, rather than hiring an outside agency. Its success is characterized by the Foundation, which since its inception in 1947 has raised 100 million dollars for the school. The Valley of Vision campaign raised some $1,850,000 in the St. Joseph Valley area at a time when President Johnson was visiting it on a poverty tour. The many supporters with no other con- nection with the school leads Mr. Frick to consider the famous Notre Dame mystique as " absolutely real. " For the office of business affairs, the change in gov- ernance of the University will have an immediate and direct effect. Although the office has already begun to move in that direction. Vice-President Rev. Jerome J. Wilson, C.S.C., feels the new Board of Trustees will be even more insistent on programmed budgeting. The forecasting of the University ' s needs, from new profes- sors to increased maintenance costs, requires difficult present decisions for the next five or ten years of the school. One indication of the new emphasis was the reorganization this year of the accounting department for greater efficiency and better control in all areas. Henceforth appointed by the Board of Trustees, the vice-president for business affairs will report to a board with governing authority, not to an advisory board. Under the office of business affairs are the areas of finance, including accounting, investing and auditing; auxiliary enterprises, such as the Bookstore, Morris Inn and golf course; plants and equipment; and other gen- eral departments. Contrary to much student opinion, the University fees for room, board and laundry do not cover the ser- vices offered, including maintenance. And of some four- teen million dollars annual academic expeditures, stu- dent tuitions including scholarships cover only ten and a half million. While gifts and other sources of income make up the remainder of academic outlay, however, there are also unromantic hidden costs, such as needed expansion of the steam plant, for which gifts are generally unobtainable. Notre Dame ' s operating budget this year neared 31 million dollars, while two years ago it was 27 million. Hopes for greatly expanded facilities and development of the graduate faculty in the next five years emphasize the crucial demands to be placed on the office of busi- ness affairs, as well as the necessity for yet another fund-raising program, probably beginning next fall. 28 Opposite, Rev. Jerome J. Wilson, C.S.C., Vice-President for Business Affairs. Below, Rev. Paul G. Wendel, C.S.C., Assis- tant Vice-President for Business Affairs. Bottom, James E. Armstrong, Secretary of the Alumni Association. Right, James W. Frick, Vice-President for Public Relations and Develop- ment. 29 ACADEMICS ADMINISTRATION Rev. Joseph B. Simons, C.S.C., Dean of Students, con- siders the degree of concern people have for one anoth- er the major problem in society in general, as well as Notre Dame. In this light, concepts such as Stay hall, student responsibility and judicial boards cease being the general panacea they are often taken to be. Fr. Simons is personally pessimistic about struc- tural problems, considering them as perhaps attempts to escape the real issues. He was thus not surprised that this year ' s much-heralded rule changes had neither the positive nor the ill effect predicted; they have led neither to universal active participation in the halls nor to wanton immorality. Yet the changes were important, and he feels they have brought Notre Dame to a point of reasonable regulations rule for order, not for re- striction. Only three offcial University regulations re- main, and two of these were modified this year. The re- striction of liquor from campus is a State law, beyond the control of the Administration. The others, no cars on campus and no girls in the rooms, were altered to allow cars for organizations and off-campus students and to admit girls to the halls, but not, excepting foot- ball weekends, to the rooms. Despite Father Simons ' feelings that the rule changes have not noticeably altered campus behavior, most stu- dents associate a new liberality with him. Support for this is found in such of his phrases as " tempering mercy with justice. " Similarly, he seems interested in temper- ing ideals with experiments, and prefers to talk in terms of facts and realities rather than theories. One such experiment this year was the hall judicial board, which attempted to transfer even the remaining rules to the sphere of student responsibility. In the first year, great variation in the activity of the various hall boards was the most obvious result, but recognizing the possibility of opposition to the boards, as occurred notably in Lyons, Fr. Simons was apparently not as concerned as student government members that every hall be forced to establish a board. He insisted, in fact, that a judicial board must be effective and functioning for its judg- ments to be respected, and overthrew one board deci- sion when he felt the hall had made up a board only for that particular case. The right of closure of a judicial board he reserved to both students and rector, as well as to himself. Yet he feels it could be a reality that stu- dents determine all campus penalties. But self-regulation is only one element in the cre- ation of a community. As a residence university, Notre Dame ' s task is to build a community which educates through the living process as well as in the classroom. Particularly because South Bend does not overlap with the campus in offering cultural opportunities, Fr. Simons feels the overwhelming advantage for the Notre Dame student is to be close to the University. Although the difficulty some graduates have faced in adapting to other graduate schools may be a disadvantage of the close community here, Fr. Simons ' more positive view is that close ties developed here should inspire a stu- dent to stimulate them elsewhere. At its base, a community is individuals reacting to one another ' s needs, and Fr. Simons recognizes that the Notre Dame student shares the pressures and needs of modern society. Psychological and psychiatric needs on campus are probably greater than most would surmise. A counseling center to be initiated next fall will hopefully provide a more permanent foundation, from which any needed professional psychiatry will be more effective. The concern of Fr. Simons is that the students them- selves develop concern, and his experiments and plans this year were an attempt to promote involvement and self-discipline in the university community. Long conversations with students last spring set the tone of much of this year ' s work for Rev. Joseph Hoff- man, C.S.C., University Chaplain. Although he personal- ly sees many students regularly, Fr. Hoffman considers his office as primarily administrative, directing and co- ordinating the University ' s various religious activities and relationships. This year, however, he worked main- ly with the priests on campus. The spring discussions revealed that " the students wanted a priest in the hall who is a priest, " and not a disciplinarian. In addition, the University ' s bylaws broadly state that the Holy Cross Fathers shall serve in a pastoral capacity, in additio n to faculty duties. This semester, a study program in pastoral care con- ducted by Fr. Henri Nouwen for campus priests consid- ered the general role of the individual priest as pastor. Twice-weekly seminars were supplemented by four monthly workshops, in which specialists in pastoral training led discussions on pastoral conversations, young people and group counseling problems, individual counseling and liturgical community. About one-half of the priests participating were hall rectors. The goals of the program were both the instruction and development of the priests themselves and the bringing together of the campus priests into a cohesive unit. The process of placing trained persons in the halls as rectors and prefects is slow, but Fr. Hoffman sees it as necessary to tap the potential for great change with the living situation. Since he became chaplain two years ago, Sunday hall Masses have been established and a religious tone has been stressed in hall commu- nity. But for the present, liturgy and retreats must be emphasized, since both break the hall community into small groups. " Other than these, I don ' t see anything right now that will have any real contact with the stu- dents. The religious community needs a leader, a pas- tor, but this man is not trained overnight. " 30 Above, Rev. Joseph Hoffman, C.S.C., University Chaplain. Left, Rev. Joseph B. Simons, C.S.C., Dean of Students. 31 Right, Dean of the. College of Arts and Letters Rev, Charles E. Sheedy, C.S.C. 32 [ACADEMICS DEAN OF ARTS AND LETTERS " To keep creating and retaining the best possible faculty " is the major need of the College of Arts and Letters, according to Rev. Charles E. Sheedy, dean of the college. The problem in keeping and building such a faculty is the increased emphasis on project-type re- search in the social sciences and humanities. The re- sulting difficulty of released time from teaching neces- sitates constant replacement of teacher, sometimes depriving students of leadingteachers. A similardifficulty in leaves of absence reduces the stability of the actual teaching body and may cause variations in teaching standards and methods. There should be some unity in the level of demand and expectation from students, who must be evaluated and graded fairly. Fr. Sheedy finds many teachers don ' t like to drive and push students, to check and follow up. A problematic issue rises concern- ing how much motivation can be taken for granted. Considering an apparent reluctance to change the curriculum (i.e., general requirements rather than ma- jor sequences), the dean points out that " a curriculum is very hard to change, although one is not necessarily committed to it as it is. " Part of the difficulty springs from the present rule by committee, a process admit- tedly democratic but slow and difficult. While science and language requirements might be switched to sopho- more and freshman years respectively, dislocations of other requirements would reverberate throughout the college. A complexity in the relationship between the college structure and its students is the immense range in the level of interest and commitment to education of the student. Worried that one would miss some students in any structure, Fr. Sheedy insists on differentiation, avoiding any assembly line approach. There is the Com- mittee on Academic Progress as well as opportunities for independent study in every department, " but we al- ways feel there ' s a big group not being reached. " Perhaps the essence of a college of arts and letters, Fr. Sheedy thinks, is " a general tendency toward a pre- occupation with basic questions of the theological or philosophical sort " and an accompanying lesser inter- est in practicalities. He cites a similar preoccupation with the basic questions of theology and philosophy among the other more committed and famous colleges. In a free curriculum, as at Illinois or Wisconsin, where the theology-philosophy sequence doesn ' t exist, the stu- dents are just as concerne d as here. Notre Dame differs in that its commitment to the validity of these disci- plines is explicit. 33 34 Only slightly removed, physically, from the eruptive construction phase of her three sister colleges stands O ' Shaughnessy Hall of Liberal Arts. Less obvious, but hopefully as permanent as the new construction, growth in the College of Arts and Letters is internal. Charac- terizing almost all of the college ' s seventeen depart- ments, growth in none is on a very large scale, and government backing is a very minor factor. The dynamisn of a liberal arts college depends large- ly on the force of its English department. Notre Dame ' s English department is very much a keystone. Its strength lies especially in Renaissance and American literature. Buttressed by courses in the medieval period and in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the de- partment has in two years increased its majors from 190 to 235. Under the leadership of its head, Dr. Ernest Sandeen, and in conjunction with a highly articulate and often disputatious faculty of over forty, a variety of developments are being either discussed or imple- mented. There are tentative plans for seminars and trial courses which would try to bring together literature and theology. Also, linguistics might be developed if enough interested students are found, cooperation with the classics and modern language departments being ACADEMICS ARTS AND LETTERS 35 ACADEMICS ARTS AND LETTERS an obvious possibility. The notion of romanticism, for example, can be approached not only through literature, both English and foreign, but also through theology. An advisory system for majors has been a significant development in the last two years. " Majors felt it was just another man to see before registration, just another obstacle, " Dr. Sandeen observes of last year. More suc- cessful this year, the advisory system is " an attempt to establish a personal relation with the students and to see to it that each student ' s program within our very flexible system of requirements is tailor-made to his needs and interests. " Dr. Edward Vasta, director of graduate studies in English, explains the administration ' s efforts to foster the work of all departments. The administration is willing " to give each department greater authority and control over its own activity, to stimulate experimentation in the kind and size of courses, to get rid of stereotyped notions about standard teaching loads and bases for scheduling courses, " in short, within a general frame- work of possibilities to promote freshness and originality. Fr. Raymond Murray founded the Sociology Depart- ment in the 1930 ' s. Not content to rest on past laurels, Fr. Murray is finishing a college text on social psychiatry and still teaches a graduate course in this field. Al- though the world to which it addresses itself has changed considerably, the department ' s role in the liberal arts curriculum remains unmodified. In his first year as head, Dr. William D ' Antonio describes its place for the non- majors as an effort " to open up some vista on them- selves as members of society, which with economics, psychology, and history give one a better understand- ing of the world. This is not knowledge for entertainment but to participate better in society. Be it a course in race relations, marriage, or cross-culture, it is a noteworthy and useful adjunct to liberal knowledge. " Majors in sociology, over fifty seniors and about sixty juniors, may teach or go into careers requiring a better understanding of group behavior. The faculty 36 Opposite, above, Dr. Rogelio Diaz Guerrero lectures on " Machis- mo Revisited, " sponsored by the Department of Psychology. Opposite, below, Associate Professor of English Donald P. Cos- tello, Cinema ' 67 enthusiast and teacher of creative writing. Below, Trying to " SEE YOUR ADVISOR " at the Department of Sociology during registration. Left, a sculpture class in the De- partment of Art. ACADEMICS ARTS AND LETTERS Right, Rabbi Samuel Karff teaches Jewish Literature, a new course in the Department of Theology. Opposite, John J. Ken- nedy, head of the Department of Government and International Studies, Director of the Program of Latin American Studies, author of Catholicism, Nationalism, and Democracy in Argentina. MWA; TUfPV .v ' . - 38 numbers sixteen and graduate students thirty-five; in 1959 the corresponding figures were eight and twelve. The present strengths of the department are both an outgrowth and a stimulator of the increase. Cross-cul- tural research concentrates on Latin America, Southeast Asia, and the United States. At the level of minority groups, interest focuses on Negro, Chinese, and Spanish- speaking groups. There is simultaneously an interest in deviant behavior and problems of social change involv- ing the family, but all fit into each other. An example is the urban studies program, which probes the dynamics of the city society, urban renewal, community decision- making, and mental health. One of its important prob- lems is the relation between family size and well-being in society. Drs. Donald Barrett and Irwin Press joined with psychology head John Santos to study fertility changes and family structure in Latin America as one aspect of the problem. Another area of urban studies came under scrutiny in 1964 when Drs. Donald Kom- mers, from the government department, and William Liu very accurately predicted the outcome of the elec- tion in South Bend. Elsewhere, Dr. Robert Hassenger, who is concerned with the impact of college life on the students, offered a non-credit, Sunday afternoon course second semester encouraging unrestrained discussion on American education and the American student. A daring innovation by the new head was the sugges- tion for course evaluation by students, tangential on the instructor ' s request for the student ' s judgment. Twelve courses responded. A sample question asked " Does the instructor stimulate independent thinking? " and possibl e answers ranged from A, " Instructor con- tinually inspires me to extra effort and thought beyond course requirements, " to E, " I seldom do more than rote memory work and cramming. " In the twelve courses, the range was overwhelmingly in the A-B area. At the same time sociology was learning to stand, the political science department also raised its head into an atmosphere permeated by the physical sciences with chemistry moving ahead under Fr. Nieuwland. Yet by 1937, a graduate program was underway, and prog- ress has been serious, sure, and relentless. There are only sixteen professors in residence including visitors, with Drs. Goernerand Bartholomew on leave, but majors number well over 250, an increase from about 70 fifteen years ago. Four years ago the department changed its name to government and international relations, re- flecting the more recent emphasis. Political theory, how- ever, the original strength of the department, remains very much an integral part of an integrated program. The government studies embrace both American and foreign government; in the last few years, foreign gov- ernment study has undergone considerable develop- ment. A major part of the departmental construct is international relations, which is also, according to de- partment head Dr. J. J. Kennedy, " a major strength of the university since we ' ve had the Committee on Inter- national Relations to work with. " The Committee is an interdisciplinary, autonomous research body with a 39 ACADEMICS ARTS AND LETTERS strong publication program, already including about thirty-five hardcover research publications. Its produc- tivity has been a great asset to the department as well as to the university. Although fifteen years ago most of the political science majors thought of careers in terms of the law and of their education as pre-law studies, that has now de- cidedly changed. " Now the government major is moreso a liberal arts major without any particular vocational orientation learning for its own sake, " Dr. Kennedy observes. The present approach produces many more graduate students. Citing such Notre Dame graduates as the present head of the Department of Politics at Princeton, Dr. Kennedy finds " the department is mak- ing, through its undergraduate body, a very serious con- tribution to American scholarship. " When the university ' s first catalogue was printed in 1893, the modern language department was function- ing. Seventy-five years ago it was an isolated discipline, but today its aim, according to department head Dr. Robert Nuner, is " to function as a real liberal study and as a department that fits into the whole concept of liberal studies. " The number of majors has never been high; in fact the ratio of faculty to majors is usually almost one-to-one. This year there are twenty-five full- time faculty members, slightly fewer than previously, but a substantial increase in majors, some most recently coming from the Innsbruck program. Dr. Nuner finds it in the nature of a not-too-large male school not to have many language majors. " Men just don ' t major in lan- guage. Women find them easier, and more women plan to teach. " Nevertheless graduate programs have been instituted for the regular school year, from the rationale that " any department in any liberal arts college of quality should cover all the levels of study. " Over the next three years, graduate-level literature will be developed in French and Spanish, while a similar growth could infuse the German and Russian areas if there is enough feedback from overseas programs. An example of interdepartmental dependence was the influx of English and government majors into the Tolstoi and Russian Literature survey courses. A stronger and wider connection is the Area Studies Program, adminis- tered by the government department and supported by Ford and Rockefeller Foundation grants. A potential web could develop in comparative literature, and Dr. Nuner would like to see a committee started in this area. Outside the classroom, the department sponsored film series and lectures. Last fall the traveling Treteau de Paris presented Moliere ' s Les Femmes Savantes while Hauptmann ' s Der Biberpelz appeared in the winter sea- son. More permanently affecting a few students would be a realization of the language-dorm idea. " It would really build things up, " feels Dr. Nuner. " Languages are artificial anyway, the way people learn them in college. Language halls would make them less so. A building would set up an atmosphere. " Quite candidly, " I want to take over the biology building. " 40 Opposite, Mr. Thomas O ' Dea, Instructor of Spanish and formerly prefect in Stanford Hall. Above, Dr. Robert Nuner, head of the De- partment of Modern Languages. 41 Occasionally relighting a dark cigar that must be half as tall as himself seldom really puffing on it because there is much to say about a new department, John San- tos describes the psychology department ' s first year as " pure confusion. This second year has been organized confusion. We ' re fighting the very unusual, difficult problem of producing a product from scratch. " The first major astonishingly graduates this June. Previously a research psychologist at the Menninger Foundation, Mr. Santos came here with Bobby J. Farrow specifically to begin the new department, and partly be- cause of an interest in Latin American stud- ies. The greatest drawing force in getting professors for the psychology faculty, he stresses, has been the interest and enthu- siasm of the students. Only now finishing up work on a Menninger project dealing with perceptual learning, he hopes to pur- sue its application to problems of mental retardation and the perceptual cognitive processes in different cultural groups. He emphasizes that his area of specialization is learning and motivation rather than social psychology. Trying to understand the char- acteristics of people in different cultures, particularly in relation to the problem of improving their lot, Mr. Santos wants to ex- pand his present cross-cultural research in underdeveloped countries, and particularly Brazil. He is presently carrying out a study which will relate psychological variables to potentialities for family change for the In- stitute for Latin American Population Re- search. " The high degree of commitment to the family that is found in Latin America for instance may make it impossible to gen- erate high degrees of affiliation to the com- munity. There simply may not be enough left over for the community or nation. " Mr. Santos mentioned the research he has done in South America in association with the Peace Corps, then digressed to discuss Americans in foreign countries. " There ' s probably no people more com- pletely pegged than Americans. Everyone thinks he understands the Americans and no one is more stereotyped. The American here and abroad seems to suffer from a bad case of guilty conscience. " He cites the proverbial Ugly American and points out that few people, here or abroad, seem to recall that he was the fellow who was doing a good job. The tendency to forget that the label did not refer to an undesirable person might be looked upon as " symptomatic of our self-image and guilt feelings, regardless of whether those feelings are real or imag- ined. " L ebate and a spirit of involvement are good, but they can also be overdone. " Al- though George Brinkley admires student criticism and self-criticism, he adds that " the delightful but dangerous thing about being a student is that you don ' t have a vested interest in the social order. " Him- self the ultimate authority at last year ' s grueling LUNA sessions, Mr. Brinkley is now catching his breath from the work of pub- lishing a study on the turmoil in South Russia after Russia ' s withdrawal from World War I. In preparation for this work, he spent a year in the Soviet Union with his wife, apparently not only for research, for he found time to travel some six-thousand miles within Russia. Lately intrigued by their stands in the International Court, he may soon begin work on Soviet attitudes to- ward and behavior in international organiza- tions, especially the UN. An instructor at Columbia, where he had also done his graduate work, Mr. Brinkley moved westward because at Notre Dame he could teach exactly what he wanted, a chance, he points out, that comes rarely. His classes, open to both graduates and un- dergraduates, are in Soviet foreign relations and internal affairs. Impressed by the pro- gram in Soviet and East European studies, Mr. Brinkley approves its expansion to the undergraduate level. He regards the estab- lishment of additional area studies programs on Latin America and Western Europe as major contributions to the curriculum and hopes to see programs on Africa and Asia begun in the future. This recalls his com- ments on student attitudes, encouraging attention to the substantial, even if the key seems minor, rather than pointless dissipa- tion. " The students should take care not to praise a thing that ' s simply a show, when there ' s nothing behind it. " 42 Oince state universities have less interest in sacred art than religious schools, in 1952 Robert Leader abandoned Champaign for Notre Dame. Besides teaching two freshman sections and a few graduate-level courses, Mr. Leader works with architectural firms on the conception and creation of holy places and has done stained glass or murals for about fifty churches. His studio contains the planning stage of several more. To one for whom art history is a " celebra- tion of the human spirit, " the human is cru- cial. Remarking on a special interest, girl- watching, Mr. Leader says he would much rather see a beautiful girl looking at the Mona Lisa than the Mona Lisa itself. He em- phasizes the Egyptians ' art because " they got a bad shake in the Bible. " Because of his ability to render art so relevant, to make it so available to the students ' sensitivities, en- rollment skyrockets every year although the reading isn ' t easy and some do fail. He finds these students " more urbane, knowledgeable, competitive, and indepen- dent " than a decade ago. Yet to hi m a col- lege is " an artificial environment, the last place a man can really be an individualist without catching it, " and people should be espousing all sorts of causes in a spirit of un- orthodoxy, with the faculty ever at fraternal odds. Not so here; we tolerate radicals, but we don ' t encourage them. By the way, if you ' re at the pyramids and your camel won ' t budge, you might try curs- ing at the driver in German. ARTS AND LETTERS In teaching literature, there is room for per- sonnal interpretation, for offering something to the student that belongs to myself. " Albert Wimmer, instructor in German language and literature, no doubt achieves some popularity because of his youth. But students more often point to his earnest attitude, hard work, and serious concern with conveying to his stu- dents basic humanistic ideas. Mr. Wimmer ' s wide-ranging view is refresh- ing in a language department that has been accused of being no more than a service or- ganization for doctoral candidates. For him foreign languages have value in themselves; they can be more useful than as a scholar ' s tools and should be able to give as much in- sight on the advanced level as any well-taught course in English literature. " A poet ' s nation- ality doesn ' t matter; the important thing is that the message get across. " One must at- tribute these attitudes, in part, to Mr. Wim- mer ' s European background. A native of Ger- many who still very much enjoys Bavarian folk music, he received a master ' s degree in political science, specifically in Greek and me- dieval political philosophy, before doing work that led to another master ' s in German lan- guage and literature. One of his second se- mester courses focuses on a single writer, Goethe, and particularly Faust, indicating the penetration that Mr. Wimmer expects of his students and of himself. In his earlier school days, " I was very ob- noxious; becoming a teacher was the furthest from my mind. " But today he finds teaching one of the few ways to substantially influence people. As he continues, one recalls his train- ing in political philosophy. " There ' s such a lack of freedom. Everything is fed into you. Advertising agencies control our life; there ' s very little room left where an individual can influence others. " ix universities, among them Notre Dame, Ohio University and Florida State, are in- volved in Campus Self-studies of Student Stress and Development. Headed by sociol- ogy professor Robert Hassenger, this pro- gram is one step in becoming aware of the need on university campuses today for a competent staff of psychiatrists. Mr. Has- senger hopes this program will convince some administrators at Notre Dame that even the most important Catholic university in the United States may be in immediate need of a trained specialist in psychiatry. Mr. Hassenger has several concrete plans to make college education more relevant to life situations. Among the more formidable of these is his effort to create a course of study in which students could select their own reading without formal faculty direc- tion. The money saved by not having a pro- fessor would be used to attract specialists who would discuss their fields of interest with the students on a practical rather than an academic level. Commenting on what he considers the more acute problems at Notre Dame, he says " there seems to be too much concen- tration on proving that one can ' make it ' sexually. The whole bit is done with a grim- ness and urgency that must often be a drag. I guess all I ' m trying to say is that the Notre Dame image of the past, compounded of religious, sexual and vocational factors, is in drastic need of refurbishing. I don ' t really know what form it should take, but some of us are going to talk a bit about this. " 43 Marshall Smelser once took a course in which several students examined a broad concept, democracy, each in a different period, ranging in time from ancient Greece to modern Switzerland. " It was the most boring course I ever took, " since none knew the others ' work well enough to be able to agree or disagree rationally. Although he has authored a handbook treating the entirety of American history " At a Glance, " Mr. Smelser prefers concentrating on a short but powerful part of history ' s spectrum, America toward and through its indepen- dence, up to the Constitution ' s early days. He is presently completing a work on the Jeffersonian period. In his basic American history course, he emphasizes analysis of the primary sources, using a medieval ap- proach to lecturing, critical glosses on the text. In class, one hears occasional wryly terse reports on his latest sailing competi- tions (the sailing club patch is a recent ad- dition to his blazer pocket he has become their moderator), a rare remark on his wife ' s activity as a representative in the Indiana legislature, or some curiously relevant his- tory, as the location on campus of the burial place of Orestes Brownson or some Poto- watami Indians. More seriously, Mr. Smelser worries about " homogenized " students, who are similar in age, sex, religion, education, economic stra- tum, race, and social origin. Through effec- tive use of scholarship funds, non-upper- middle-class, non-white, and non-northeast quarter people could be attracted, in that order, and thereby add some heterogeneity to the school. When he came in 1947, Mr. Smelser found a " five thousand man, one- chapter fraternity, a praetorian Guard " that seemed to wish to have been at Notre Dame instead of learning while here. " They leveled down or up to faceless mediocrity. " Things have changed, yet too many are still indis- tinguishable. ARTS AND LETTERS At a time when a behavioral approach, studying only what is measurable and pre- sentable in statistics, is becoming increas- ingly dominant in the collegiate study of political science, Dr. Gerhart Niemeyer ' s stress on political philosophy has made Notre Dame one of the centers of this ap- proach to politics. Dr. Niemeyer came to America in 1937 after studying at Cambridge, Munich and Kiel Universities. For thirteen years he taught at Princeton and Oglethorpe Univer- sities, after which he became involved in governmental work f-or the State Department and the Council of Foreign Relations. Dr. Niemeyer is lavish in his praise of the intellectual intercourse among students and academic freedom in the classroom. He hopes that Notre Dame will continue to ad- vance along its own guidelines for progress and not measure its achievement alongside that of other institutions. As part of this effort, he acts on the Committee on Aca- demic Progress. An active speaker in South Bend and on campus. Dr. Niemeyer spoke at the Vietnam teach-in more than a year ago. In response to another professor ' s plea to join him in the march on Washington, Dr. Niemeyer urged a march " not on Washington, but on Hanoi. " His classes include a basic political theory course required for government ma- jors and one in modern political ideologies, invariably elected by many of the best up- perclassmen. Although his rigid presenta- tion and manner convince many who thrive on the simplistic that Dr. Niemeyer is the academic version of the politician, his con- servatism involves much more than narrow- ly temporal politics. A personal quest from Thomism to " rel- ativized existentialism " underlies the teach- ing of Fr. John Dunne. As a student, he once " knew the Summa by heart, " but today Fr. Dunne finds himself literally engulfed by the massive challenges of Kierkegaardian think- ing. He feels that Kierkegaard, more than any other philosopher in the last century, has a " real message for our times and is calculated to contemporary thinking. " Fr. Dunne began teaching at Notre Dame in 1958, having received his bachelor ' s de- gree here and having been ordained in Rome after six years of theological studies at the Gregorian Institute. On a year ' s leave of absence, he did research at Princeton leading to the publication in 1965 of City of the Gods, a study of myth and mortality. Never lecturing from notes, never having said all he wants to when the unexpected bell rings, he very personally tries to convey what he means by the " modern myths " and " personal appropriation. " " The student who questions his faith should be made to real- ize that he is not denying it, but rather that he is thinking in terms of the contemporary problems of self-appropriation. He must be given orientations which will lead him to accept Christianity for himself. " Deeply interested in classical music, he once composed several pieces during his seminary days. His present heavy commit- ment to students in teaching, counseling and in erviewing, however, supersedes his musical effort. Fr. Dunne is currently work- ing on a new book dealing with the problem of the personal appropriation of Christianity. 44 llistory used to be politics, war, and oc- casionally ecclesiastical matters, presumably teaching the student prudence. " The particu- lar value of Matthew Fitzsimons ' method is rather " a greater sense of the majesty and tragedy of creation and a deeper sense of man ' s nature not just the Irish, Spaniards, and Poles, but all human nature. " In a lighter vein he cautions his students by defining his- tory as " the propaganda of the victors. " He has referred to himself as " a confused Indian guide, " but his method is not without fore- sight. In March, 1936, in Cordova, Spain, he noticed that all the inscriptions on the walls of a public toilet were political; Fitzsimons ' hypothesis: " Where you see political slogans on the John walls, there will be civil war. " With light hair playing about his head and a colorful assortment of pens protruding from his upper coat pocket, Professor Fitzsimons presides over a freshman world history class. The students investigate non-Western as well as traditional cults and cultures and attempt to achieve an overview of history. Overviews become the basis for his universal history course, a staple for graduate students, where differing approaches to history are considered. A specialist on modern British history, Pro- fessor Fitzsimons edits a highly philosophical quarterly, The Review of Politics, with offices on the library ' s twelfth floor. Under his lead- ership the publication has looked more close- ly at the American scene, yet ever retains its original Aristotelian flavor. But his students are as important as his scholarship; they have vastly improved. " My freshmen are giving me work which I would hardly expect from my seniors fifteen years ago. When I came to Notre Dame many years ago, " he adds, " I thought I might last two years. I was a New Yorker. It took me eight years to fall in love with Notre Dame. " An epigram from Heraclitus graces the front of Francis Lazenby ' s desk; the associate professor of classics renders it freely as " a lot of learning doesn ' t teach one to have a mind. " His learning is substantial, with his undergraduate and graduate work done at the state university in his native Virginia and at the University of Michigan where he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. But Mr. Lazenby ' s military service as interpreter for prisoners and his summers spent in Greece and Egypt have yielded an intense involvement in both Italian language and Egyptian antiquity as well as a recent lecture on two Greek mod- erns, C. P. Cavafy and George Seferis. As Assistant Director of the library, Human- ities Division, Mr. Lazenby is executive secre- tary of the Library Council. He has a special interest in the Mediaeval Institute, audio learning facilities, and the rare book room (where the present emphasis is on 20th century British and Americ?n writers). Mr. Lazenby assists with the arrangement of the annual student library competition and is a CAP adviser, yet wishes more students would come and see him. A consistent contributor to journals in his field, he is now translating a medieval Latin manuscript, the Galli Anonym! Chronicon, for the Polish Review. And somehow there is time to teach Roman drama and classical mythology, two of the most popular courses in the classics department. His tendency how- ever, is toward the Greeks, who, to him, " discovered everything. " Liturgical awareness, a condition in which the life of mind and spirit are united, " is the plea of Frank O ' Malley. " Our students don ' t know the tradition of the Church. Of the hundreds who have read Camus, not one has read Mauriac; they read Hefner, but not DeLubac. Fixed in set ways, the stu- dents do not even understand what freedom in the Church means. " One can see why the Wranglers call Mr. O ' Malley, who participates in their sessions, sometimes presenting a paper of his own, their immoderator. An impeccably dressed New Englander, he teaches wide-ranging courses on the philosophy of literature and on modern Catholic writers, as well as a section of freshmen. As faculty representa- tive for the national fellowship programs of the Woodrow Wilson and Danforth Founda- tions, he annually encourages a record num- ber of students to compete, partly because he feels too many are unaware of their ca- pabilities. The Committee on Academic Prog- ress attributes to him their groundwork he was their first chairman. That only five people submitted Collegiate Scholar pro- posals this year especially disturbs him; many times that number should participate. Besides naming The Review of Politics, he has served as its managing and associate editor and as a contributor. But when pro- fessors are forced to see publication as an end, it becomes " publish and perish " for academics, he jokes with a quiet serious- ness. Discussing Ralph Martin, he agrees that " the shadow of the cross doesn ' t seem to fall across mathematics. But it does fall on a person in this field. It will affect the way he teaches and deals with students; the whole approach becomes different. " He finds " no real effort being made yet to help the student in the religious rhythm of ex- istence. Too many see the Church as a code. " A chapel was built into every hall to be " the center of worship and of life in the hall as part of a whole community. " What the Christian school seeks is not the bland student who blindly follows the fash- ionable, but " the complicated, wondering, worried, struggling person who is trying to put some things together. " Mr. O ' Malley ad- vises " an academic reverence a regard for the substance of things. A creative citizenry will come from this if it ' s comprehended. " 45 I he Jacques Maritain Center, the only center of its kind in the nation, and the of- fice of its director, Joseph Evans, are on the seventh floor of the library. A faculty mem- ber since 1950, Mr. Evans is the most eminent translator of Maritain ' s works to- day. His latest work, co-edited with Fr. Leo ward, Challenges and Renewal: Selected Readings of Jacques Maritain, seeks to bring together in one volume Mari tain ' s most challenging insights in philosophy. Mr. Evans ' s classes are rare experiences. In a slow but very definite and almost wor- ried manner, often punctuated by an almost pleading " You see " or " I mean, " he con- stantly rephrases and refines concepts in an attempt to reach each student. He occas- ionally comes out with some gems, as when he announced, " Thanksgiving is coming. Have a good read and a good feed. " Mr. Evans presents philosophy with a Maritain- ian emphasis, but with unusual freshness. Mr. Evans first became interested in Maritain ' s philosophy while studying at As- sumption College in Windsor. At Notre Dame he has collected all of Maritain ' s philosophical works and several of his orig- inal manuscripts, as well as the writings of a number of his close associates. Mr. Evans prizes the collection of Maritain ' s letters to his student, the late Yves R. Simon. " Man must ferret out the truths of the real. " u f Ipperclassmen in Thomas Lorch ' s contem- porary American fiction course regularly meet at his home to propose their views on the novels assigned for that week. The dis- cussion often continues beyond the two-hour class on the work of Purdy, Styron or Pyn- chon, shifting to anything from concentra- tion camps to student freedom. The third class hour, in more formal O ' Shaugnessey, Mr. Lorch devotes to a lecture presenting his own interpretation and evaluation of an author ' s works. Covering modern American fiction offers a unique opportunity for the teacher. The reader, he finds, has no prob- lems of historical imagination, as he might have with Hawthorne or Melville. Also, criti- cal opinion is not set, and the student is freer to work out his own interpretations. Mr. Lorch disapproves of memorization as the substance of any course. " The stu- dent, not the professor, must initiate the ideas. I just let them go. " Only after each student has presented his argument does Mr. Lorch explain his own response to a work; he thus enco urages the student to express himself, a crucial aspect of the sem- inar method. While not minimizing specialization as an important aspect of a discipline, he feels there should be more emphasis on the stu- dent ' s development as a person. When the general direction of American higher educa- tion is toward the scientific method and away from any commitment to a standard of values, it should be the purpose of a Catholic university to retain these values as a legitimate subject for interest and study. Thus " the academic function of the univers- ity can come together with the religious commitment of Catholicism. " Aside from strong academic concern, springing perhaps from a background at Yale and the University of Chicago, Mr. Lorch is very much a sportsman. He seldom denies a student ' s challenge for a round of handball, and can often be seen riding to- ward the Rock on his classic black bike. During the late winter and early spring his activity involves playing a key role on the faculty ' s basketball team, where it quickly becomes obvious why he disapproves of passive methods. FACULTY ARTS AND LETTERS alter Langford learned Spanish as a boy living near the Mexican border of Texas. " I had to in order to play baseball with the rest of the kids. " Sports and Spanish have dominated thirty-some years of service to the university, highlighted by his reception in 1959 of the Lay Faculty Award. Although never the baseball coach, for fifteen years Mr. Langford led the tennis and fencing teams, to the astounding records of 95-30-1 and 155-35. In fencing, where thirty seasons have seen only seven experienced freshmen, his secret was in part to make everyone ex- cept the freshmen a coach for the younger fencers. There was, and still is, a complete effort, a team unity much like a family, " a fierce spirit which in its own way may exceed that of the football team, since it starts from nothing. " Professionally Mr. Langford teaches Span- ish, is completing Studies in Spanish-Amer- ican Fiction, a work drawing on ten summers in Mexico and two years in Chile. The basic and insistent themes of social protest, re- form, and justice in Spanish-American liter- ature intrigue him and tie in neatly with his present effort as campus representative for the Peace Corps. It was with a Peace Corps group that he worked in Chile. This re- sponsibility is year-round and as time-con- suming as his teaching work for it requires constant communication with the trainees. He would like to see Peace Corps allowed to substitute for military service since he finds these two years " much more mean- ingful than two years in the military if no war is going on. " But he fears the propa- ganda effect if foreigners were to equate Peace Corps with military service. Few of Notre Dame ' s absolutely brightest students are applying to the Peace Corps but the general response is good, perhaps, he sug- gests, because " there is here especially the desire to make some contribution to- ward improving the lot of less-favored people. " 46 Knocking over a metal sculpture, a student worries that it might be damaged. Konstantin Milonadis, to calm the person ' s qualms, pulls a delicate part off one of his kinetic sculptures and throws it onto the floor, demonstrating the sturdiness and resilience of his sculptural work and smiling at the student ' s notion of art as sacrosanct and untouchable. Notre Dame ' s artist-in-residence describes the essence of his work, kinetic sculpture, as motion, an area " closer to and more depen- dent upon technological progress than any other form of sculpture. " The problem of mo- tion is gravity, which reduces to weight. Hence, " the stronger the material, the more motion I can have. I know nothing about physics; it ' s just common sense. " His prin- cipal materials are stainless steel and piano wire. Recently he has been painting some of the panels to give the appearance of changing shape and location, and to bring out more motion. Aside from color, Mr. Milonadis is toying with the idea of using motor power, but the disadvantage is the uniform motion it produces; " no motion, at least theoretically, is repeated. " Kinetic sculpture, although experimental, is not new. For thirty years after World War I, Alexander Calder was the only one to work with kinetic art. But Calder made mobiles; " he didn ' t follow the essence of gravity and weight in motion. There have been some ex- hibitions bad, to be sure. " Too much has been done, he feels, that is gimmicky, novel, without sensitivity, or simply phony. In a New York event to which he invited the Kennedys and Rockefellers, one would-be artist " threw all kinds of junk together, " and burned the piece: art. " It ' s ironical that such an artist would claim his stuff irrelevant. " Sketches of projected trajectories for parts of a new sculpture clutter a work table; " if you work too much with this, you ' re ready to climb the walls. " But there is a reason for the continu- ing trial and error. " The artist is the only in- dividual who ' s still remaining a man: man not as a group attempt, but as creator. " I he liberal arts in general free a man so he can make really personal decisions; philsophy tries to do so explicitly. " For Fr. David Burrell, the problem is not just a speculative one: " Cliches enslave us to conventional wis- dom, " he says. We are all trying to achieve what is worthwhile, but we should step back occasionally to see if it ' s at all worth it; " We must ask what Charles Peirce called ' the vital- ly important questions. ' " Linguistic analysis dominates Fr. Burrell ' s classes. While a general program senior here in 1954, he cut his philosophical teeth on Kant, now teaches a course on the philoso- pher. " Very many of the assumptions of existentialism can be found germinally in his work, that person and cosmos are totally dis- parate, for example. " He describes his fresh- man logic sections as " helping the student get behind his language as something to analyse yet, he ' s never quite able to put things back together again. Language must be taken apart, but it remains quite beyond us to reconstruct; there is something sublime here. " While he describes the process, one detects a quick but very personal smile that not only seeks assurance that the description is fully understood but also indicates a vicar- ious pleasure in seeing a student attain dis- tance. As Morrissey rector Fr. Burrell started the year " throwing out responsibilities to the stu- dents, like bridal bouquets. " Resenting those who call students " kids, " and rectors who act as mother figures, he rejects glad-handing. " I let them live their own lives and let them see I ' m interested. " The key is understanding how to work with small groups. " This is the genius of the section system. An adminis- tration ' s work is to structure things so human relationships can occur. " To Fr. Burrell, the priest and academia are not antagonistic. " Christians have to be present in all domains of human activity. As the priest represents Christianity in an ex- plicit way, his presence too is imperative as an explicit witness of the Church. " He con- siders a Catholic university unique and neces- sary, not primarily as a place where one firms up the faith, but in providing an hospitable environment where the examination of one ' s religious cliches won ' t be so threatening. Fr. Burrell finds a very genuine probing here, which he feels is Christianity ' s function, to re- call our attention to all that is human and realize how it eludes our grasp. hether Richard Giannone is going to the opera or out for a beer, teaching literature of the twenties or talking to a friend, his feeling for style is always evident. If some find Mr. Giannone ' s view of life precious, he suggests that a little more attention to manners may be precisely what Notre Dame requires. A characteristic of the Giannone style is his particular appreciation of irony an appreciation that places his seminars among the liveliest courses on campus. Literature and music are central for Mr. Giannone. His interests in literature range from Dante to Theodore Roethke, in music from Wagner to the Beatles. His commit- ment to these forms of art are synthesized in his recently finished book, a study of the treatment of music in the work of Willa Gather. 47 I he student learns best by developing his own view and being forced to defend it. He must master the steps to a conclusion, " not simply and emptily state that Moby Dick is the will of man against evil. Frederick Crosson, director of the General Program, thus regards the seminar as the most hu- man way to learn; it makes education " a highly personal affair, an intersubjective process. " Such comments relate closely to Mr. Crosson ' s field, existentialism. He has re- cently been working with computers under the Philosophic Institute for Artificial In- telligence, trying to sort out the uniquely human characteristics of man ' s behavior. Proving theorems is inhuman as it requires only a mechanical intelligence. The things we can ' t articulate or reduce to the punches in an input card are the uniquely human qualities. A co-editor of The Modeling of Mind in 1965, Mr. Crosson would now like to do a book exploring the ways religious faith presents itself to a believer; he em- phasizes a pattern in St. Augustine similar to Kierkegaard ' s leap of faith. The non- demons ' rability of a faith shouldn ' t, it seems to him, be an objection to its cognitive status. Occasionally eyeing a delicate Greek black vase on his desk, Mr. Crosson muses about the potential for history of science as a graduate department. " The scientist never studies his own history; it ' s only the human- ist. " Among the undergraduates he detects " a malaise: they ' re more cautious about commitment. " Wondering how fundamental or radical questioning prevents action, sens- ing even a real danger in this hesitancy to commit oneself, he asks, " Might it not be better acting like Odysseus rather than Socrates? " hen the academic year was gaining momentum at the end of October, the College of Engineering lost its leader. Dean Norman R. Gay, who had come to Notre Dame in 1961 specifically to head the college, died suddenly after five years of involvement in the com- plexities of administration. While an undergraduate at the University of Roches- ter, Dean Gay ran on the varsity track team and attained All-American rank as a football player, became presi- dent of the Students ' Association, and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa and Tau Beta Pi. Before his move to Notre Dame, he directed the Texas Engineering Experi- ment Station at College Station, Texas. It was during Dean Gay ' s tenure that NSF funds enabled chemical en- gineering students to undertake their own research proj- ects, electrical engineering initiated courses toward the doctorate, that departments were accorded more auton- omy, that the curriculum became more consciously theoretical. A representative commitment outside in- volved his chairing the steering committee of a govern- ment program intended to upgrade education in Kabul, Afghanistan. Since Dean Gay ' s death, the Acting Dean has been Civil Engineering head Harry C. Saxe, who had served in the same position during the 1960-61 academic year, the interim before Dean Gay ' s appointment. Dean Saxe regards the present generation of undergraduates more informed and enlightened than were his own contempo- raries as students. " The sincere sense of dedication and finding out just what causes things to be is encour- aging. " About 60% of the graduating classes are going to graduate school, a success that is attributable to the undergraduate program ' s firm orientation toward grad- uate work. During the pre-World War II age, even to some extent until the Sputnik turning point, the bache- lor ' s degree in engineering was a terminal degree. But because of the rapid quickening in the tech- nological pace, demand has skyrocketed for greater depth in theoretical training. Dean Saxe points out that the private schools have largely followed the same path of emphasis on a good theoretical background. The re- sult at Notre Dame has been a consistently high stand- ing in awards of NSF and NASA fellowships third in all engineering schools, tenth in all science and engineer- ing schools combined. The rank is especially impressive because of the competition, often large universities with state funds and large student bodies. Dean Saxe sees a special advantage of Notre Dame precisely in its small- ness; it provides a greater chance for intimate contact with faculty members than at large state schools. " Notre Dame could not possibly maintain the same character if it became large. " Plans for the future included the construction of a new engineering building in three years, to be located near the present site of the aero-space structure. Also, ten endowed chairs or distinguished professorships are likely in the near future. Difficulties that have marked the engineering student ' s elective courses are being largely solved, especially with the move into collegiate seminar. One difficulty has been the " service-course syndrome, " as Dean Saxe calls it. Many engineering stu- dents signed up for an elementary course in some de- partment outside of their college, but the class often consisted almost entirely of engineers. Another aspect to the problem involved the original set-up of free electives. It was for the student to decide what courses interested him, but many who felt certain courses rele- vant found themselves in classes not broadly socio- humanistic. Collegiate seminar dominates the " service- course syndrome " by distributing engineers among existing sections of arts and letters students. The unique aspect has been the addition of six engineering pro- fessors to teach some of the sections. Not only is the engineering faculty made aware of such a program ' s value, but arts and letters students discover the engineer can be liberally oriented. " It creates a feeling of univer- sity awareness, " says Dean Saxe. " In a typical engineer- ing curriculum, besides being cognizant of the science and engineering aspects, the student should have a broad outlook, a philosophy of life, an interest in people. " Right, Dean Norman R. Gay, head of the College of Engineering from 1961 to 1966. Opposite below, Acting Head Harry C. Saxe. ACADEMICS DEAN OF ENGINEERING 48 49 AVs buildings rise to the east and the south, the once outlying corner of the main quad is becoming the cen- ter of campus. In this strategic spot stands the John F. Gushing Hall of Engineering. Cushing draws a blank from most students, but the 1906 civil engineering gave his name to the building by donating most of the half million dollars used in its construction. Cushing Hall is now thirty-five years old, and the men who built it would recognize little of the modern program. Student engineers choose from eight depart- ments for undergraduate work, plus an extended pro- gram of graduate studies. Five departments operate in the engineering building, which still provides outstand- ing facilities. Three others have their own buildings. The inside of the old library is in startling contrast to the exterior, not too surprisingly since the building has become the home of the Architecture Department. A grueling five year program and a close alliance with liberal arts set them apart from the rest of engineering. With emphasis on creativity and personal instruction, students study problems that deal with real situations in nearby cities. Among other local additions, the archi- tects are responsible for the new Kellogg Center. Architecture is the only engineering division with no graduate program, and department head Francesco Montana hopes to remedy this by creating a graduate school of city planning this fall. He notes that archi- tecture had a graduate school over fifty years ago, but it was dropped after World War I. The department this year began a series of displays and lectures by noted architects. Under consideration is a four year under- graduate program which would lead to a non-profession- al degree. The Electrical Engineering Department celebrated its seventeenth birthday by conferring the fifth doctorate in its recently added program. The graduate program has tripled in the past five years, and currently includes more than a dozen research projects under NSF and related grants. In its third year, the EE seminar pro- 50 ACADEMICS ENGINEERING 51 ACADEMICS ENGINEERING Right, Professor of Mechanical Engineering George E. Rohrbach, whose course in measurements familiarizes the student with basic techniques. gram attracted prominent lecturers in specialized fields. The undergraduates are suffering through a constant shuffling of courses the sequence is being modernized and consolidated, to reduce the work load and permit more electives. One of the biggest areas of current research in the Civil Engineering Department is the growing problem of air and water pollution. Research goes on at all levels. While department head Dr. Harry Saxe recently returned from a year of overseas post-doctoral study in structural analysis with computers, undergraduates are busy in the more mundane but equally important field of con- crete research. Computers are playing an increasing role in all the engineering disciplines, and computer courses are quickly being added to the schedules. The aeronautical engineers recently acknowledged the emphasis of modern technology by becoming the Aerospace Department. This spring the department will confer its first doctorate, becoming the final engineer- ing division to provide a doctoral program. Notre Dame has been a pioneer in aerodynamics since the days of Fr. Zahm, and with the help of one of the best wind tunnels in the world, current work is largely in the field of missile dynamics. Its recently developed parafoil, a sort of guided parachute, is being tested and further developed by the Air Force and industry. The depart- ment holds several defense contracts, as well as re- search grants from NASA and other foundations. The department of Mechanical Engineering is one of the largest in the college, and includes the fast-growing division of nuclear engineering. Current fields of re- search range from radiation studies and reactor control by computer to a study of manpower in hospitals. ME also includes graphics, a fundamental of many engi- neering departments. The metallurgical engineers are a small group, but their prominence is not hampered by size. The depart- 52 I " 5tr V 53 ACADEMICS ENGINEERING ment prepares its students for work in all phases of materials research, both in metals and other sub- stances. An important feature of the undergraduate pro- gram is field trips to nearby industries using metallurgy. Six laboratories provide extensive facilities for treating metals with heat, X-rays, electrons, and many other processes. As in the other divisions, a complete grad- uate program is in operation. Many of the departments feature some undergraduate research, but this is especially common in chemical en- gineering. The department began offering research for credit to top seniors a decade ago, and under the tute- lage of men such as Dr. A. H. P. Skelland, an authority on heat transfer, many of these senior researchers have had their work published in technical journals. About a fifth of each senior class is involved in projects, and the department showed an interest in extending the opportunity to younger students. As an experiment in this direction, one student spent the summer after his sophomore year in research; the paper he produced is generally judged to be close to the doctoral level. The newest of the engineering divisions is engineer- ing science. Connecting the various disciplines, the department attempts to provide the student with a broad survey of all engineering and a solid grounding in the fundamentals that apply to every field. It is a small department, with about 15 seniors, the vast majority of whom will go on to graduate studies. Any study that involves more than one branch of engineering finds a home in engineering science. Current projects range from a study of the human lung to development of ma- chines that can " read. " Above, In the engineering library. Opposite, above, The Chemical Engi- neering building; work continues into the evening hours. Opposite, below right, a Metallurgical Engineering metal strength tester. The Riehle Axiom: " One test is worth a thousand expert opinions. " 54 55 FACULTY ENGINEERING Aerodynamic conditions are the main con- cern of Frank N. Brown. A professor of aeronautical engineering at Notre Dame since 1935, he has seen " advances made in flow visualization and dynamics that far outrank those of any other university. " Much of this distinction must be credited to Mr. Brown. Developer of the first success- ful smoke tunnel, which breaks the flow of air into visible lines of movement, he also established a photographic technique to record his measurements of air patterns. He recently constructed the first supersonic air tunnel, previously considered an impossible task. He also invented a photographic space time recorder known as the " Brown navi- gator. " A graduate of the University of Michigan, Mr. Brown formerly held positions as re- search engineer with the U.S. Navy, techni- cal editor for the U.S. Air Corps and assis- tant professor of aeronautical engineering at the University of Michigan. During the Second World War, he toured China as a United States educational consultant. Mr. Brown has also maintained a n active inter- est in aviation. A member of the 1937 board of aviation responsible for the founding of the St. Joseph County Airport, he still flies with a private pilot ' s license. B, efore coming to Notre Dame, John Nic- olaides was a director of the Navy Space program in conjunction with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Be- sides providing a program of studies enab- ling students " to do first rate research for space, industry and the armed forces, " he is presently immersed in government re- search projects. The government has placed at the disposal of Mr. Nicolaides and his staff laboratory facilities valued at over $200,000, including subsonic and super- sonic and wind tunnels, free flight facilities and hydrodynamic performance tanks. Be- cause of the close connection between re- search in aero-space and germ-free life, a close union has developed between the aero- space department and the Lobund Labora- tories. " We are now the best in flight dynamics and insulation, and we get numerous grants. The government comes to Notre Dame in preference to anywhere else. " Experimenta- tion with parafoils is one of the more un- usual projects currently in progress. Utiliz- ing the wind, the multi-colored plastic " kites " can lift hundreds of pounds of cargo. Theoretically, the parafoil concept can be used in re-entry processes by space capsules and possibly in moon landings. Determining the extent to which this princi- ple can be applied to actual conditions is the goal of Mr. Nicolaides ' investigation. 56 1C enneth Featherstone considers the arch- itect a unique person in a period when the emphasis is on specialization. The architect, he finds, must associate with more profes- sionals than any specialist, yet he simultane- ously has to stand off from all narrowness. In a variety of courses in design, Mr. Feather- stone explores the aesthetics of structures with what might daringly be called a philoso- phy. Leaning strongly towa rd Louis Kahn, he makes certain students are aware that this is his own attitude and not an absolute. Campus residence halls are criticized for being drab and prisonlike, but few people have grasped the reason for the heterogeneity of the buildings. " The university totally lacks any architectural policy. An institution like Notre Dame which is trying to establish an international reputation must be excellent in every way, and the physical environment is extremely important; the next building on campus should be designed by an interna- tionally famous architect. " A native of Manchester, England, and still a British subject, Mr. Featherstone addresses his class as " you Americans " whenever he wants to point out some particular narrow- ness. More characteristic of his English back- ground is his interest in rugby. He coaches the rugby team, but prefers the title modera- tor rather than coach. Mr. Featherstone enjoys frequent contact with his students. Interested in student com- plaints and suggestions for improvement, he often attends student-faculty gatherings, while at other times he talks with students at the senior bar over a casual beer. I he names of Professors Julius Banchero and Enerst Thiele were held in high esteem by A. H. Peter Skelland during his days as a stu- dent at Birmingham University in England. Today he stands beside these men as one of a group of internationally known chemical en- gineers currently at Notre Dame. Often found in his office behind a maze of split leaf philodendron plants, Mr. Skelland has responded with a will to the " pressure to publish or perish. " Since he came to America in 1959, he has published almost thirty re- search papers and a book on non-Newtonian flow and heat transfer, as well as an extensive contribution on mass transfer in the Encyclo- pedia of Chemical Technology. Striving for a " happy blend " of lecturing and laboratory re- search, he seeks in the chemical engineering laboratory to " keep my finger on the pulse of the physical world. " Comparing the British and American edu- cational systems, he suggests that ignoring such " peripheral playboy subjects as home economics, physical education and journal- ism, " the " hard core " studies in America present a challenge comparable to that of- fered in English schools. Electric motors that shave our chins, freeze our ice cubes, wash our clothes, run our elevators, fans and furnaces, are actual- ly magnetic machines. And yet our universi- ties are neglecting magnetism. " Bernard Cullity, a member of the metallurgical en- gineering department for sixteen years, notes that the intensive study of magnetism in America is being done by industrial lab- oratories. After a one-year leave of absence studying in the field at the University of Grenoble, France, he returned to Notre Dame to attempt to provide similar research opportunities in this country. His pursuit is motivated by the belief that magnetism " is the basic force that turns the wheels of civilization. " Mr. Cullity is now preparing a book on magnetic materials which has al- ready been accepted by a commercial pub- lisher. With degrees from McGill University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Mr. Cullity was formerly a scientific liaison officer at the U.S. Embassy in London and has taught at the University of Minnesota and the Montana School of Mines. After World War II he travelled extensively in Europe as a scientific reporter. In 1956, he published a book, Elements of X-Ray Diffraction, since translated into three languages. For distinguished service to the univer- sity, Mr. Cullity was last year awarded the Notre Dame Lay Faculty Award, the highest recognition given a member of the faculty. 57 I he course in chemical engineering kinetics focuses on the interactions of de- sign and operation in commercial reactors. The class benefits from the youthful, but far from inexperienced, approach of James Carberry to a delicate subject. With basic university training at Notre Dame, Mr. Car- berry did his doctoral work in engineering at Yale, acting simultaneously as a research and teaching fellow until 1957. His exper- ience includes responsibility as a consultant to Olin Mathieson and as a process chem- ical engineer and senior research consultant at DuPont. He now acts as consulting editor for McGraw-Hill in their continuing series of chemical engineering texts. Mr. Carberry ' s most significant work, however, has probably been the startling number and variety of lectures he has given. In the past two years, while on a National Science Foundation post-doctoral fellowship for research at Cambridge University, he presented a series of scientific talks at such diverse locations as the University of Leeds in England and the Imperial Institute of chemical Engineering in Haifa, Israel. At another time he delivered a paper at the First International Conference on Chemical Engineering, Machinery and Automation in Brno, Czechoslovakia. Notre Dame has undergone a " magnifi- cent transformation " since his return here six years ago. Then the department offered no doctoral program and professors were hard-pressed to publish and perform re- search. Today, he feels, the program is bal- anced and facilities are ample. A majority of the courses now taught to undergrad- uates would have been graduate-sacrosanct a few years ago. In 1961 the Edward N. Hurley College of Foreign and Domestic Commerce assumed the less cumbrous title of College of Business Administration. Late the following year, Dean James W. Culliton relinquished his post to become a member of the U.S. Tariff Commission and Thomas T. Murphy succeeded him. A member of the Notre Dame faculty since 1946 and prior to that a teacher at Aquinas and Holy Cross Colleges, Dean Mur- phy retains the dual outlook that the college ' s earlier title indicated, yet with a focus toward current business trends and student needs. The central activity of the year was the plan for a new graduate division to start next semester, which has in- volved Dean Murphy in academic preparation, hiring additions to the faculty, visiting other schools, fund- raising, and planning physical facilities. The plan is to divide the graduate student body at the time of admis- sion into sections of fifty each, which will remain intact for required courses throughout the program ' s two years. With faculty teams assigned to each section, the program will enhance the students ' ability to work to- gether and build a close faculty-student relationship. Plans also exist to introduce in five years a public ad- ministration program in cooperation with the Depart- ment of Government and International Studies. The undergraduate program will benefit by the growth of a neighboring graduate division. It will also feel in- ternal thrust in the addition of an undergraduate travel management program, for which there will be an en- dowed professorship. Dean Murphy cites the appear- ance of the Student Business Review as a promising venture. Business school publications are normally faculty products and expected to be quantitative and advanced in outlook. The Notre Dame effort has at- tempted to maintain a high quality although it is entirely a student effort. Another novelty in the college has been the initiation and spread of a chapter of the international student organization, AISEC. The group arranges sum- mer jobs in forty foreign countries for students poten- tially interested in international business and recipro- cates by seeking out American businesses willing to hire foreign students for a summer. The publication and organization are the visible evi- dence of a new business student. " We ' ve reversed the situation of not attracting the most gifted students, " explains Dean Murphy, who attributes the quality of the present student body to the effectiveness of the Fresh- man Year operation. Nonetheless, students in the busi- ness college are still at the bottom of Notre Dame ' s aca- demic structure. Murphy feels that until a decade ago there was too much em phasis on current practice and the practical. " We ' ve made great strides, I think, in converting to a liberal business program. " Almost half the student ' s curriculum is in the arts and sciences, but the core of the student ' s education consists of strongly professional courses. Monetary and fiscal policy could be simply a study of current banking and government institutions, but the liberal approach requires a con- sideration of comparative governments with theoretical- analytical emphasis. 58 ACADEMICS DEAN OF BUSINESS Above, Dean of the College of Business Administration, Timothy T. Murphy. 59 ACADEMICS BUSINESS o, F ne year ago, fourteen Notre Dame seniors took the National Certified Public Accountant examinations, competing in a field of some 15,000 examinees, 9,000 of whom were experienced accountants. Twelve of the fourteen completed the examination with high results. Such a record serves as testimony to the quality of the College of Business Administration, which comprises one of the four undergraduate colleges. Started in 1920, the school has gained a reputation as a feeder school for both graduate schools and business firms across the country. Dr. Bernard Kilbride, head of the finance depart- ment, points out that " we don ' t train people to be spe- cialists in any particular area. We want to give them a good general foundation, help them to develop a crit- ical attitude, and most important, develop their ability to think instead of applying canned solutions to prob- lems. " Such an attitude characterizes each of four major under-graduate departments: management, mar- keting management, accountancy, and finance. The stress is on a liberal background and the development of thinkers, not automatons. The wide variety of courses offered the 1,200 stu- dents in the college supports Dr. Kilbride ' s statement. Once the student has taken such basic courses as ac- counting or statistics, his choice of studies may range from a course in international finance to a seminar dis- cussion in business administration. The combined busi- ness administration-law studies, under the direction of Dr. John Houck, allows the student to obtain both a busi- ness and law degree in a minimum period of six years. The addition of the Univac 1107 Computer has created a small revolution in the business school. Apart from the obvious advantage of speed in solving prob- lems, elective courses in computer science allow the business student to keep abreast of the latest quanti- tative methods in the field. Advanced computer pro- gramming, special studies in computing science, and seminars on current topics of interest in computing science are all available to the student whose interest extends beyond the normal requirements of the man- agement science program. In the last fifteen years, the college has gained mem- bership in numerous national business fraternities and associations, including Beta Gamma Sigma, honorary business fraternity, Beta Alpha Psi, the professional and accounting fraternity, and a chapter of the Amer- ican Marketing Association. 60 Opposite, Hurley Hall of Business. Left, in the lobby before a marketing class. Below, Mr. Conway ' s class in business finance. 61 ACADEMICS BUSINESS Below, professor LeClair H. Eells collects assign- ments from his International Finance class. Op- posite, above, Edward R. Trubac, Paul F. Conway and Raymond P. Kent in the business faculty lounge. Opposite, below, the Univac 1107 in the Computer Center is much utilized by the business school. I 62 On the level of student participation, four major academic organizations, the Finance Club, Marketing Club, Commerce Forum, and Management Club offer business activitiy for undergraduates in any of the four departments. In one of his major addresses last year, Father Hes- burgh cited the development of a high quality graduate school over the next few years as one of the chief aims of the university. Initiation of a Master of Business Ad- ministration program will contribute to that goal. Brochures announcing the program have been sent out to more than 9,000 students and guidance counselors at various institutions across the country. As the undergraduate program stresses self-develop- ment, study on the graduate level will emphasize a similar approach. Dean Thomas T. Murphy promises an increase in faculty members rather than heavier teaching load for professors. He further insists that there will never be a divided graduate-undergraduate faculty, but a genuine business faculty that will be able to devote more attention to the particular student. The new two-year masters program will offer courses in the usual areas of business functions, tools, and environments, but most important will be an indepen- dent study program involving field work and electives in the student ' s specialization. Dean Murphy points out that " we can ' t possibly offer an array of courses cover- ing every possible angle of business study. But with the self-development phase of the graduate curriculum, each student will be able to pursue his individual inter- est in depth through an independent study program under the supervision of a faculty advisor; it will in- volve more of an internship-type program. " The new Hayes-Healy Center designed to house the new graduate school should be completed in time for use during the second semester of the 1967-68 aca- demic year. Besides classrooms, offices, and discussion rooms, it will feature the latest equipment in manage- ment education, with closed circuit television and or- ganizational-behavioral laboratories. Connected to the old College of Commerce building erected in 1931, this building will form one side of the proposed new academic quadrangle that will also include Nieuwland Science Hall. The first MBA program will be limited to fifty stu- dents, with a planned maximum of one hundred in later years. Dean Murphy foresees a doctoral program being instituted within ten years. 63 We r e should be teaching students to be- come decision-makers. " John Houck regards the comment that an undergraduate busi- ness school doesn ' t belong in a university as based on ignorance of what is involved in decision-making. There is sufficient intel- lectual challenge in learning the human and economic aspects of a firm, in finding what the law says and society wants. And the business student spends more than half his class time in other liberal studies; these make him free, " able to grasp the complex- ity, the parameters. " Mr. Houck points to the medieval trivium and quadrivium as combinations which formed a man ' s mind. But " there ' s too much that the Aristotelian or Thomist can ' t grapple with " ; he looks instead at C.P. Snow, Whitehead, and Holmes, the last of whom said that law isn ' t logic but experience. Himself a member of the Wisconsin bar having law degrees from Notre Dame and Harvard, Mr. Houck teaches the legal and technological aspects of business manage- ment. In a jargon that straddles the meta- physical and mathematical, he speaks of the experimentation in operations research with computers as " a dialectic in the quantita- tive. " His analytical mind has assisted in the construction of a faculty manual that Mr. Houck (local president of the AAUP) hopes will serve as a " banner " to other Catholic universities, schools he finds " too much imbued with authoritarianism and ig- norant of the concept of academic freedom. " FACULTY BUSINESS Oince computers have assumed the stag- gering task of bookkeeping, the modern accountant is free to engage in interpreta- tion and analysis a distinct service to management which alone justifies the ex- istence of the field of accounting. " Ray- mond M. Powell, head of Notre Dame ' s ac- counting department, has been instrumental in influencing young men to enter this changing aspect of business. As a former national chairman of the Accounting Careers Council, his office has supplied seven pro- fessional organizations with over 25,000 brochures designed to help young men pre- pare for an accounting career. Mr. Powell is also responsible for securing Notre Dame ' s charter to Beta Gamma Sigma, the national honorary business fraternity. A co-author of several books on account- ing and administration, he is laying the groundwork for the Masters in Business Ad- ministration program to be initiated next year. At present he is working on the Mas- ters Curriculum Committee and interviewing prospective graduate students. 64 f former big-ten football player from Ohio State joined the business faculty this year Assistant professor Bill Sexton finds that un- like Ohio State, " there are no nametag poli- tics and relations between faculty members here. " The Notre Dame faculty is " more con- genial and warm. I have been accepted as an equal by assistant as well as by full pro- fessors. " He does not share the sentiments of those who abhor the preoccupation of students with football. Rather he thinks the sport can be good for a university in creating spirit and enthusiasm. " Football is in its proper perspective at Notre Dame and I didn ' t expect this. " His classes in personnel management often explode into laughter at his occasional ob- servations. After a student walked out of his class at the beginning of the semester, finding it the wrong one, Mr. Sexton ' s comment was " some people have it and some people don ' t; he ' s one that doesn ' t. " Informal and relaxed, in a manner that achieves a mutual under- standing between students and teacher, Mr. Sexton exercises a subtle control over his classes. With an industrial engineering and psychol- ogy background from Ohio State and experi- ence at Western Electric as a consultant en- gineer before returning to his alma mater for his doctorate, Mr. Sexton is especially qualified in marketing management, an area lately of interest to engineers. He finds it increasingly important for a business educa- tion to focus on the quantitative, which too many of the more important universities have neglected. An outspoken Edgar Crane directs Notre Dame ' s research program in marketing com- munication. Mr. Crane, a Stanford graduate, came to Notre Dame in 1961 from Michigan State University where he directed the school ' s program for university broadcasting services. The Notre Dame program " seeks to bring marketing into the mainstream of communications research by studying busi- nessmen ' s attempts to inform and persuade and the effects of such attempts upon con- sumer behavior. " Mr. Crane ' s personality is reflected in the classroom where he expects students to " think for themselves. Rather than having them look for hard and fast answers, students should be encouraged to develop habits and skills in problem solving. " Among his faculty colleagues, Mr. Crane finds the cynicism hor- rifying; they have no awareness that things ever could be different. Outside of the classroom, Mr. Crane uses his knowledge of communications media to articulately air opinions which have led some to label him controversial. He is active in the American Civil Liberties Union; an opponent to American military involvement in Vietnam and constant critic of racial intolerance, the South Bend Tribune is an occasional forum for his views. J esse Jones Professor of Business Admin- istration Salvatore Bella heads the depart- ment of business organization and manage- ment. A member of the Notre Dame faculty since 1958, Mr. Bella holds undergraduate and master ' s degrees from Boston Universi- ty and a doctorate from Cornell. Formerly a consultant for General Electric, he has au- thored General Electric and the IUE: The History of a Bargaining Relationship. Mr. Bella teaches a course in labor relations, his specialty, which is required of all man- agement concentrations in the business school and which receives praise from his students for the efficiency with which he presents the intricacies of union behavior. In addition to his teaching and counsel- ing, Mr. Bella directs Notre Dame ' s evening Supervisory Development Program. A train- ing program that draws an amazing variety of administrative personnel in the Michiana region, it is intended for improvement of in- dustrial and business supervision. Over 1000 men from 150 companies participate as it is open to all firms in the greater South Bend area as a supplement to their own training activities. Important use is made of case situations to highlight major principles of supervision. In a very effective attempt at realism, Mr. Bella serves as moderator and structures the situations to be role- played by members of the class, an exciting approach. 65 Intense development has characterized the six years in which Dr. Frederick D. Rossini has been dean of the College of Science. There has been an increase from 400 to 600 in the number of science majors beyond freshman year, a similar growth in full time graduate and pre-doctoral students from 200 to 300, and a cor- responding boost in the regular faculty from 84 to 125. Dean Rossini hopes to level off the increase in the num- ber of undergraduate majors near 1000 in the next half dozen years. Since there have been many classes with less than 25 students, a simple increase in the number of majors could fill up empty seats without hiring more faculty. " Basically we ' re here because we have under- graduate students, " says Dean Rossini. " That ' s our primary mission. " To most effectively teach the under- graduates, the faculty must maintain a continuity of experience in the fields; hence the existence of an expansive research program, with its graduate students, post-doctoral investigators, and even a few full-time research scientists. The intensity of the undergraduate curriculum is meant to produce a student who will be a leader in sci- ence. Over 80% of the science graduates are continu- ing their study in graduate or professional school, and Dr. Rossini is confident even this figure will increase. Such success has been possible only because of the impressive quality of the students. " We ' ll stack them up as a group against anybody on the undergraduate level. " This valuable raw material has to be handled with great skill. The faculty is responsible for doing something with its unformed students, but to be successful the enter- prise demands the student ' s cooperation. Dr. Rossini points to a first semester class he taught in physical chemistry as a reassurance that the Notre Dame student has that flexibility associated with an initial capability. The faculty also seems pleased with its students for the dean indicates that they all enjoy teaching under- graduates. " Our faculty is very co-operative. One would have to go far to find a faculty which really worries about its responsibilities more than here. " Examples include an ad hoc committee that has begun to examine the science majors ' non-science courses with a view to- ward their better co-ordination and the Unified Science Program that attempts to restructure the introduction to science for the non-science students by an apprecia- tion supplanting a detailed view of one science with a broader appreciation of several. Also the faculty on the College of Science Council has found in the Chal- lenges in Science lecture program a convenient opener for fraternization with their majors. Student attitudes are similarly reassuring to Dean Rossini. A Science Student Council, which consists of science majors in student government, the heads of the six science clubs and the editor of the Science Quar- terly, serves as the avenue for communication between the College ' s administration and its majors. " Fortu- nately, " the dean remarks, " we haven ' t run into any significant problems. " The ubiquitous Dr. Emil T. Hof- man, who guides this Student Council, also supervises the Science Quarterly. The publication began with great enthusiasm four years ago, spent a year relaxing, and has since recaptured its initial vitality. A final aspect of academia in the College of Science is the Report of Student Opinion. In 1960, when Dr. Rossini became dean, the seniors asked his opinion of a questionnaire which graduating seniors would fill out anonymously. Strongly seconding the idea, Dean Rossini has since found the observations at times shrewd, at others obvi- ous. When students remarked that undergraduate labs were poorly equipped, improvements were made. An- other frequent comment that produced a change was the desire to get away from the cook-book type of lab experiments. Under the leadership of Dean Rossini, such mutual respect between the teaching and the taught has been standard. 66 ACADEMICS DEAN OF SCIENCE Above, Dean of the College of Science, Frederick D. Rossini. Left, the basic stages of the new Lobund building. 67 I he College of Science in the sense that it deserves such designation is a community of scholars engaged in research activities. These research interests are di- verse, covering great areas of each branch of science but emphasis is always on the new and exciting fields that capture the imagination and enthusiasm of a man in his youth, and age with him: the project to better the approximation to truth, the power to create descriptions intellectually satisfying by their order and symmetry. And this search engaging the scientist is frighteningly relentless to a man seeking to lessen the weight of his finitude with a few indelible words in the literature genius in one generation appears as naivete in the next, and theoretical journals became mere history. The freshman science intent may find such an im- pression unrecognizable perhaps a description of buildings would be more appropriate. This is under- standable and there is still time. But a senior ' s aliena- tion by the same viewpoint is regrettable, for some- where past the drudgery of beginning must be experi- enced the aliveness of the scientific quest. The values of the scholar must be accepted to become the guide lines of the life. And this intellectual excitement the restlessness and skepticism with which even the most basic is viewed is communicated by those who prize it. Through association with men actively engaged in re- search, teachers of science as an intellectual discipline, the student privileged with such contact achieves the awareness which allows him to take his place among such company. Thus is the realization that undergrad- uate years are not a preparation for, but rather con- stitute, life. The College of Science is involved in a large share of the physical expansion currently underway at the Uni- 68 SCIENCE Opposite, left and below, a chemistry lab in Nieuwland Science Hall. Left, Associate Pro- fessor of Mathematics Barth Pollak, a spe- cialist in algebra, well known to advanced undergraduates. 69 70 versity or projected for the near future. Currently under construction are a new radiation source for the Radia- tion Laboratory and a Tandem Van de Graaff generator to add to the research facilities of the Physics Depart- ment. The University is considering the purchase of a new computer. And new buildings to house Lobund Laboratory and the Departments of Chemistry and Bio- logy are in various stages of planning and construction. These are, however, only signs that Notre Dame ' s recent academic development is continuing. For along with the facilities for research and instruction must go the in- tellectual environment conducive to such activities. Challenge N ' s will have served well if they succeed in attracting to Notre Dame more of the students and fac- ulty whose quality are the mark of a great university. A number of programs have been instituted recently by the College of Science to improve and supplement classroom instruction. Starting this summer the Physics Department will hold a summer research program simi- lar to that offered by the Department of Chemistry for the past few years. Selected undergraduates in these fields are invited to participate in the activities of a research group. Investigations begun during such sum- mer programs usually continue throughout the aca- demic year. Participants come away with a glimpse of the excitement a scientific career can promise or the conviction that perhaps their interests lie elsewhere. A significant step has been taken this year to im- prove the scientific courses offered to non-science stu- dents. Called " Concepts in Modern Science, " a unified course seeks to present to its one hundred fifty fresh- men involved an integrated view of science as a body of knowledge rather than the conventional collection of subjects offered. The first semester is spent in discus- sion of topics from physics and chemistry; with this serving as background, the student can choose a con- centration in either the earth or the life sciences for the remainder of the year. Such a course presents interest- ing possibilities for the student planning to major in arts and letters or take up business studies. But perhaps the most exciting prospects are offered the professor who undertakes such a course. For here is a challenge to bring together for himself the very basic ideas upon which his specialized field rests and to formulate them in a manner understandable to the students involved. It takes a gifted teacher to communicate the beauty of sci- ence without the complicated details and rigorous math- ematics that underlie it. But the effort is well worth- while if just a bit of a scientist ' s enthusiasm rubs off. Through its recently established Challenges in Sci- ence meetings, the College of Science seeks to bring to campus scientists who have made significant contribu- tions to their fields of study. This year featured Dr. Ed- ward Teller and Nobel Laureates Dr. Linus Pauling and Dr. George W. Beadle. In the context of their work these men discuss areas of endeavor which they feel are es- pecially promising. As though following the precedent set by the first Challenges of Science lecture in the spring of last year, the presentations have been primar- ily concerned with developing the social consciousness SCIENCE Left, A delicate task in the Lobund area in the basement of the Biology Building. Below, Ability to properly read graphic data is essential to scientific work at all levels. 71 Above, The Department of Geology building. Opposite, above, A biology class investigates the microcosmic aspect of a flowering plant ' s re- productive cycle. Opposite, below, Chemistry students in one of Nieuw- land Hall ' s group lecture rooms. of the audience and pointing out challenges which lie in the area of social concern. Perhaps this view could be balanced by encouraging one or two of the distin- guished speakers to discuss the attitudes of scholar- ship that characterize the true scientist a challenge no less noble. To be a truly intellectual community the College of Science must transcend the mentality that divides scholarly concerns into categories of " science " and " arts and letters. " Administrative convenience must never prevent awareness of the place of one ' s own search among those of other men. Perhaps the arts could be enriched by scientific insight. Richard Feynmann remarks: " Poets say science takes away from the beauty of the stars mere globs of gas atoms. Nothing is ' mere. ' I too can see the stars on a desert night, and feel them. But do I see less or more? The vastness of the heavens stretches my imagination stuck on this carousel my little eye can catch one- million-year-old light. A vast pattern of which I am a part perhaps my stuff was belched from some for- gotten star, as one is belching there. Or see them with the greater eye of Palomar, rushing all apart from some common starting point when they were perhaps all to- gether. What is the pattern, or the meaning, or the why? It does not do harm to the mystery to know a little about it. For far more marvelous is the truth than any artists of the past imagined! Why do the poets of the present not speak of it? What men are poets who can speak of Jupiter if he were like a man, but if he is an immense spinning sphere of methane and ammonia must be silent? " 72 ACADEMICS SCIENCE 73 SCIENCE Asa mathematician, John Derwent cannot tell you what he does. His specialty is topol- ogy, but any attempt to explain it is futile. Abstract mathematics, says Mr. Derwent, " just doesn ' t have any everyday analogs, " and it is nearly impossible to describe it in any but mathematical language without making it sound trivial. " But perhaps, " he laughs, " this gives us some sort of mys- tique. " At any rate, Mr. Derwent feels that advanced mathematics, having as it does little connection with the physical world, is one of the freest of all subjects. Mr. Derwent instructs two freshman hon- ors sections and a topology group in the graduate school. In his freshman classes he approaches calculus from number theory, emphasizing concepts rather than an ability to manipulate numbers. " A mathematician is not a computer, " he points out. The stu- dents have indeed been known to refer to the course as " numberless theory. " He finds it necessary to revise his teaching constant- ly, to try to look at the courses as if they were new each year and not merely to re- peat himself. He feels that the strength of Notre Dame ' s math department is the dynamism of its teachers. N, otre Dame rats are doing reparation for their predecessors who devasted medieval Europe with the plague. Germfree research with rats and mice characterizes the work of Lobund Laboratory, begun thirty years ago by Dr. James A. Reyniers and directed since 1961 by Morris Pollard. Himself a vigorous man, the new director came to Notre Dame from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, where he served the University Hospital as a con- sultant in virology, while heading the Virus Laboratory at Texas. During World War II as an army lieutenant colonel at Brooke Army Medical Center, he supervised a virus diagnostic service for the world ' s largest hospital. Simultaneously he was responsible for chemical testing of all food for the southwest quarter of the country. A doctor of veterinary medicine, Dr. Pollard also has a doctorate from the University of Cali- fornia. Besides editing three scientific works, he has written well over a hundred articles on his specialties: virology, epidemi- ology, and pathology. His dual function continues this year; in addition to being Lobund ' s director, he heads the newly established microbiology department, " the most unusual microbi- ology department in the country. " Although offering no undergraduate degree, the de- partment does have 18 students working for either their master ' s or doctorate. Their study centers in Lobund and receives sup- port from almost every biological agency known. Dr. Pollard finds the department is " rounding the biological horizons of Notre Dame. It has given added weight to the life sciences, something Catholic schools have been weak in. " Cancer is Dr. Pollard ' s area, specifically neoplastic lesions. He is trying to find if viruses are involved, whether the host can at all resist tumor formation, and if so, how resistance can be made stronger in treating cancer for the normal physiological mechanisms. Practically, he is usually work- ing on four problems, which fall into two categories, those for which he can antici- pate the results, either short or long-range, and the absolutely impossible. Nonetheless " we hope the hopeless type of project will provide something by luck. " 74 B esides teaching an undergraduate embry- ology class, Kenyon S. Tweedell is engaged in a research project which has possible ap- plications to the cure of cancer, and another which is aimed at perfecting rhythm as a means of birth control. In the first project, Mr. Tweedell has almost proved the existence of a virus-induced cancer. He has taken non- living cancerous cells, ground and filtered them, and used the filtrate, containing only sub-cellular matter and virol particles, to induce cancer in frog kidneys. Presumably the tumors are caused by the viral particles, which electron microscopy has shown to be present in the filtrate. To prove the effective- ness of the virus in causing cancer Mr. Tweedell must solve the problem of growing the virus outside a living body, and then using it to infect a healthy animal. This could lead to greater knowledge about certain can- cers which scientists feel may be virus- induced. In his second project, Mr. Tweedell is working with a recent St. Mary ' s graduate now doing post-doctoral research at Harvard. They are studying the aspects of ovulation and the means for detecting and predicting it. This is aimed at finding an effective, simple test for fertility. Such a test would, Mr. Tweedell feels, negate the need for a birth-control pill. For present experiments to be at all effective, says Mr. Tweedell, one must use a number of tests. Even then the reliability doesn ' t approach one-hundred per- cent, " and when you go through all the folderol you want the thing to work. " J eremiah Freeman is a chemistry major ' s ombudsman. As assistant head of the de- partment he tries to look full time at the student ' s side of things. Each student has a faculty adviser to consult about his profes- sional development, but Mr. Freeman is " supposed to know the answers, " as he puts it, about courses and requirements to deal with the students ' registration problems. Although he does not know a great many students personally, Mr. Freeman fells he probably knows more about all students than anyone else in the department. Mr. Freeman came to Notre Dame after more than a decade of research in industry where he worked in the development of artillery rockets for the army. His abilities as a research chemist are evidenced by the support given him by national foundations; he is working under grants from the Na- tional Science Foundation, the Sloan Foun- dation, and the Petroleum Research Fund. Mr. Freeman, however, came to the uni- versity net only for its research opportuni- ties, but also " because I like to explain things to others. " Teaching the pre-med organic chemistry course, he finds his asso- ciation with undergraduates stimulating. " Students, " he says, " are very interesting people. " Wa alter Johnson is one of the " high priests " of the expanding physics depart- ment. After being awarded his doctor ' s de- gree at the University of Michigan, he began teaching physics here in 1958. A member of the Graduate Curriculum Committee, he has published frequently in both The Physi- cal Review and the Journal of Mathematical Physics. Mr. Johnson ' s work is along the lines of theoretical physics, that is ma the- matical derivations rather than actual physi- cal experiments. Relaxing momentarily in his office in Nieuwland Science Hall, he speaks in a highly optimistic fashion about our physics department. Since his arrival here, the de- partment has increased over fifty per cent in size. Originally there were only three physics theorists here but the number has more than tripled. The most important im- provement is the new accelerator added this year to Nieuwland Science Hall. Such a piece of equipment, he notes, will neces- sitate the growth of the graduate physics department, which at present numbers ap- proximately eighty students. 75 At Notre Dame since 1948, Ernest Eliel heads the chemistry department and is an internationally-recognized authority in the important field of conformational analysis. A native of Cologne, Germany, he left his home in 1938 to continue his education in Edinburgh and Havana, came to the United States in 1946 and completed his doctoral work at the University of Illinois within two years. Mr. Eliel ' s suggestion in 1953 that in simple cyclohexanes both possible chair conformations and their equilibrium must be considered in assessing reactivity led to a series of critical papers on the conforma- tional energies of many fundamental func- tional groups and the establishment of a new methodology in conformational analy- sis. Through reviews, a co-authored book, public courses and numerous lectures, Mr. Eliel has contributed to a wide understand- ing of conformational analysis in the scien tific community. His advanced textbook, the Stereochemistry of Carbon Compounds, has been described as a classic in its field and has been adopted as a text in many other colleges and universities. Author also of well over a hundred publications in about a dozen technical journals and on the edi- torial board of the American Chemical So- ciety, Mr. Eliel in 1961 gave the distin- guished Arthur Kelly Lecture Series at Pur- due, was the 1964 anniversary lecturer be- fore the London Chemical Society, and has spoken at meetings of the Mexican Chemi- cal Society and the Czechoslovakian Acad- emy of Sciences, at Brookhaven and North- western, and at a number of major schools in western Europe. In 1965 he was awarded the Morley Medal of the Cleveland section, American Chemical Society. Earlier the same year he was awarded the Manufacturing Chemists ' Association college chemistry teacher award as one of three outstanding educators in chemistry in this country and Canada. For a number of years Mr. Eliel has singled out the more capable sophomores in chemistry and given them the opportunity to collaborate with grad- uate students on original research. Mr. Eliel finds it essential to emphasize a com- prehensive grasp of the subject, as in early research, for " a better and more thorough understanding of science is achieved through exploration and research. " For R. Catesby Taliaferro, there is no clear break between the arts and sciences. He lists his own specialties as " Plato, Greek, science and math " and taught in the Gen- eral Program before joining the mathematics faculty. An alumnus of Virginia and Paris, Mr. Taliaferro translated Ptolemy ' s Almagest and Appolonius ' s Conies for St. John ' s Col- lege, where he once taught; both have been adopted by the Encyclopaedia Britannica for its Great Books of the Western World. Most recent among his efforts is a monograph on " The Concept of Matter in Descartes and Leibniz. " Mr. Taliaferro ' s major field is the history of mathematics and mechanics, an area he regards as relevant to the Catholic univer- sity in that modern science was founded in a Christian culture. He speaks of Car- dinal Nicholas Cusanus as having a world view identifiable with the base of baroque mathematics, notably Descartes and Leibniz. The three, like all Platonists, considered mathematics as a study prerequisite to phil- osophy and theology. Mr. Taliaferro talks about the department with a pride that even his quiet manner cannot hide. It has re- ceived more National Science Foundation grants than any other department, and is the only one demanding two years of foreign language study. Learning another tongue is essential, because it familiarizes the student with a new set of symbols and teaches him the patterns of another culture. As course manipulator for the liberal arts math majors, Mr. Taliaferro insists on depth in a few sub- stantial courses. After all, the purpose of mathematics is penetration. FACULTY SCIENCE E very Thursday night eight hundred fresh- men stay up a little later than usual. Their problem is preparation for Emil T. Hofman ' s weekly general chemistry test. And if a stu- dent does not do well, it is not because of any lack of available help: Mr. Hofman pro- vides student-aid workshops run by graduate students, a suplementary reading program and a taped tutoring system in the library. In recognition of his work in freshman teaching, Mr. Hofman won the Thomas Mad- den Award the year it was instituted, and the students themselves find him an excellent teacher but not many would eulogize him on Thursday nights. In addition to his teaching duties, Mr. Hofman acts as an assistant dean of the College of Science. In this capacity he di- rects many of its programs, including the Challenges in Science lecture series and the undergraduate chemistry research program. He is interested in improving student faculty relations, and freshmen frequently invite him to speak on this subject in their halls. But it is not these duties or his many other activities that most students remember about Mr. Hofman. He is to them an awe- some teacher, impressive in his ability to lecture to a full Engineering Auditorium without the aid of a microphone and still control it, equally impressive in the knowl- edge of his subject and the clarity of his presentation. 76 We e ' re living in a modern Tower of Babel. " Robert E. Gordon, head of the Biology De- partment, believes more scientific material is being produced in journals than the sci- entist could consume even if he could iden- tify the pertinent articles in his field. As a former editor of The American Midland Na- turalist, founded by Fr. Nieuwland, Mr. Gor- don added to this poorly sorted mass of riches. But as executive secretary of the Council of Biology Editors, he tries to aid researchers in locating information by de- vising better methods of primary journal editing. His work in scientific communica- tion has led him to Paris UNESCO meetings and Tokyo conferences with his Japanese counterparts. As a biologist, Mr. Gordon ' s interest is environmental biology. He is a specialist on amphibians and reptiles. But " the public ' s image of the scientist is the scientific meth- od an automaton, with no competence for judgments outside his field. He ' s human, " and if a Catholic education has any value for the scientist, it is in " developing a view- point that will lead to Christian value judg- ments which he will make as a functioning member of society. Science is a part of our daily existence, regardless of our specific education. " Referring to his work with scien- tific groups, Mr. Gordon expresses hope for the consolidation of biological societies into " one cohesive group which could then speak more authoritatively on major problems. " The potential for interaction at all levels is enormous. " The problem with biology to- day is that early in its history it splintered into many small groups with no common ground for interaction. " For the unified sci- ence program in the liberal arts, he would like an emphasis on the life sciences, with special reference to the major problems that now confront Americans and the world population expansion and its effects, envir- onmental contamination, for example. There must be a broader view of the sciences. A stronger connection between the departments is slowly emerging but initially matures only at the graduate level. In a Southern accent which retains an aristocratic tinge, he indicates that the biology major samples more fields of science than any other group in science. I eaching is too personal and individual a thing to be taught. " Darwin Mead is con- vinced that each teacher must find his own style if he is to communicate his material well. The popularity of Mr. Mead ' s freshman honors courses in physics suggests that he has indeed succeeded in the development of his teaching methods. His weekly practical demonstrations of the theoretical principles already taught are al- ways calculated to arouse interest. His pres- entations are enlivened by his ability to see in all sorts of objects examples of physical laws; a yo-yo like device that he uses " to win bets from bartenders " illustrates a prin- ciple of torque; a rubber band is the subject of a lab period. His approach is constantly original, frequently humorous and always en- thusiastic. Mr. Mead ' s humor and enthusiasm are linked to an impressive knowledge of his sub- ject. Before coming to Notre Dame, he was a research chemist at General Electric, and he has co-authored more than twenty publica- tions in the Journal of the American Chemical Society. He finds, however, that he enjoys teaching more than laboratory study and hopes by his work to free for research those more attracted to that area and better trained for it. When the Freshman Year was established Mr. Mead was asked to join the program as a counselor. He now advises some two hundred freshmen. While this program has been bene- ficial particularly in reducing freshman attri- tion he hopes that the institutionalized counselling does not have a tendency to free teachers from a very real aspect of their responsibilities their duties outside of class. For Mr. Mead, counselling is directly related to teaching and is indeed inseparable from it. This perhaps typifies his attitude toward teaching: it is a field in which extra effort is accepted as a matter of course. E verything clicks. " O. Timothy O ' Meara, like his department, mathematics, is clear and quick, his speech clipped. The depart- ment at Notre Dame, he finds, is " particu- larly congenial to the development of math- ematics and mathematicians. " Having done his undergraduate work at the University of Cape Town, his native city, in South Africa, Mr. O ' Meara came to Notre Dame after serving five years on the faculty at Princeton and as a member of the Institute for Advanced Study there. He sees little dif- ference between the quality of local under- graduate majors and those of Princeton, but refuses to comment outside his field. Notre Dame graduate students, however, are " less concerned about themselves. Often they use this as an excuse not to do enough hard work; they get philosophical when the going gets rough. " Mr. O ' Meara ' s principal contacts are with the graduate students; as director of Grad- uate Studies, he advises the sixty-five grad- uate majors, and also is supervising four doc- toral candidates. A thesis supervisor " has to find not only a mathematically interesting and significant topic, but one that can be solved by a student; the supervisor " has to be able to predict, phophesy on the student ' s thesis. " The 60 ' s have been the period of the development of the department on the grad- uate level; the undergraduate basis was laid in the 50 ' s, " the period of sweat and tears, " he phrases it, when the undergraduate pro- gram became " absolutely top notch. " But there aren ' t enough math majors. Perhaps the department ' s single-track structure as a pre-graduate program, excluding or at least making it especially difficult for those who prefer a simple math major to the bachelor ' s level, could be modified, but Mr. O ' Meara wonders. His own advanced work is in the theory of numbers, the area of his recent book, from which he is now developing various ramifi- cations. " If you want to know how this relates to mankind, I can ' t tell you. Mathematics is an art form as well as a science. Ask an artist how he will contribute, what will he tell you? " 77 Opposite, above, Fr. Paul Beichner, dean of the Graduate School. Below, Mrs. Barbara Jemielity, wife of English professor Thomas Jemielity, in professor Ernest Sandeen ' s graduate course in American poetry. 78 I f one associates a school with a building, the Notre Dame graduate school does not exist. Those who feel that giving the school its own architectural entity would render it more effective, grasp the independently pro- fessional quality of many American graduate institu- tions, but miss completely the character of Notre Dame ' s. Although administratively independent, the graduate school has no separate faculty. Few professors at Notre Dame teach exclusively in the graduate or undergraduate levels. While this situation benefits un- dergraduates by compelling teachers to keep up with the most recent scholarship in their fields, it unfortu- nately jaundices the more advanced students. They point to the large number of classes with more under- graduates than graduates, and feel the professor ad- dresses himself to the less experienced students rather than concerning himself with advanced discussions pre- ferred by graduates. Research is a major function of the graduate school, and this year government agencies, foundations and corporations contributed almost seven million dollars to its support. About 200 research projects are cur- rently underway, most of them administered in science and engineering. In the social sciences and humanities, some 50 projects are being conducted, primarily under the auspices of the Center for the Study of Man. Two structures at Notre Dame deal exclusively with advanced research. One, Lobund, is actually a complex of small boxlike buildings soon to be replaced by a new life science research center, supported in part by a grant from the National Science Foundation. Affiliated with the department of microbiology and its newly in- stituted doctoral program, Lobund carries on extensive research in the life sciences, much of which makes use of germ-free animals. Lobund is the world ' s leading center for training in germ-free methodology at the grad- uate level. Dr. Morris Wagner, here 25 years and a pillar of the laboratory, is immunizing rats against dental caries, the first instance of this work. Other men are concerned with the space problem of enclosed areas. By investigating populations of bacteria to see if some disappear, they are trying to develop organisms which will contribute to the welfare of people enclosed for long periods, as in rockets, submarines or aircraft. A project on electron microscopy studies mice response to radiation-induced lukemia with a view to its preven- tion. Others are investigating the mechanisms of cancer formation in animals, trying to prevent it by injections and glandular extracts. THE GRADUATE SCHOOL 79 ACADEMICS THE GRADUATE SCHOOL Above, on the fourth floor of Notre Dame ' s memorial library, a statue of Dante guards one of the largest collections of that author ' s work in the U. S. Begun by John Zahm, C. S. C., the collection is rich in incuna- bula and postincunabula editions. Right, an architect ' s rendering of quarters for the new graduate school of business administration. Opposite, John McKenzie, S. J., teaches a course on the Old Testament in one of the seminar rooms in the tower of the library. Supported by the federal government, the Radiation Laboratory ' s research in radiation chemistry is the most extensive underway on any college campus and is the foremost producer of research scientists in this field. Its staff conducts fundamental research investigation involving the effects of high-energy radiation on matter. Of the roughly one thousand graduate students at Notre Dame, almost two hundred receive government support, and almost two-thirds of these are in the sciences. NASA and the NSF each supports about thirty students through traineeships, while the Office of Edu- cation grants generous fellowships to more than twice that number. The Atomic Energy Commission helps wherever it finds research possibilities relating to it. The liberal arts are not as many times blessed. Several dozen graduate students benefit from the Na- tional Defense Education Act, the only substantial gov- ernment aid for the humanities. Washington ' s prefer- ence for the sciences continues despite the newly cre- ated but financially limited National Humanities Foun- dation, offering some research and support to liberal arts faculty. According to Fr. Paul E. Beichmer, it is only " a grand plan " intended as an " official recognition of the existence of the humanities. " Although there could be something like this for the social sciences in the future, that will probably be limited too. Notre Dame currently has several Danforth and Kent fellows and a Woodrow Wilson studying in the graduate school. Growth in the liberal disciplines is most apparent in the department of theology. Notre Dame ' s first Jew- ish theology professor, Rabbi Samuel Karff, lectures on Hebrew literature. Rev. John McKenzie, S. J., noted for his provocative opinions on academic freedom, is a spe- cialist in Biblical studies and teaches a course in the Old Testament. Both of the above men are associated with the newly created doctoral program in theology which concentrates on systematic theology, Biblical studies and liturgical studies. An Institute for Higher Religious Studies patterned after the Society of Fellows at Harvard University conducts research on the relation of religion to contemporary social problems. Its director is Dr. James Kritzeck, formerly a member of the Insti- tute for Advanced Studies at Princeton University and an authority on Islamic Studies. 80 81 ACADEMICS THE LAW SCHOOL Opposite, below, in the law auditorium, left to right, Hugh Griffin, Bob Ross, Bob Wilchek, Mike Williams, and Chuck Weiss confront a group of Notre Dame undergraduates on law day. Right, the recently refurbished law library. Below, professor Murphy after class. 82 Professional competence is not enough. Drawing in- spiration as it does from the Christian tradition, the law school, while aiming first of all at technical pro- ficiency, believes that lawyers and law schools must face the great questions concerning the nature of man and of society, the origin and purpose of law and the lawyer ' s role in society. " The Notre Dame Law School ' s dedication to grad- uating lawyers proficient in the law and having a firm ethical stance from which to proceed characterizes the tone in which the school ' s reputation has risen in the past fifteen years. Much of that improvement must be credited to Dean Joseph O ' Meara. Previously a member of two law firms, Dean O ' Meara has considerable auton- omy in selecting both students and faculty. Over fifty per cent of the accepted applicants are offered full scholarships, and faculty salaries are high. The most recent exertion of his autonomy is the school ' s August to May schedule. Moot court and The Notre Dame Lawyer, the student law review, both offer students practical experience in the law. The Student Legislative Bureau does exhaustive research into existing law and legislation to assist law- makers in drafting new legislation. By aiding the at- torneys in the South Bend Neighborhood Law Office and in the St. Joseph County public defender ' s office, the Legal Aid and Defender Association assists clients unable to pay for legal services and indigent prisoners seeking post-conviction relief. Through the work of Notre Dame students, some fifteen prisoners per year have been released. Gray ' s Inn, named for one of the four Inns of Court, was formed in 1954 to discuss the legal implications of current social, economic, scientific and cultural topics. By bringing civic and business leaders and poli- ticians to speak on contemporary problems, the Inn attempts to bring its members to an awareness of the social responsibilities of their profession. 83 ACADEMICS FRESHMAN YEAR Why do freshmen fail? Six years ago a Notre Dame group visited forty of the country ' s best colleges to provide answers to this question and returned with a basis for the Freshman Year of Studies. They found that a student commits himself too early to a particular pur- pose, often as early as his junior year of high school. " We found too many colleges had static programs, " explains Dean William Burke. " A student got into a pro- gram and was stuck there until the following June and couldn ' t switch colleges unless he had a 2.0 average or lower. " The group found the assumption that a high- school graduate knows what he wants to do is often unjustified. Last June, 29% of the freshman class achieved a dean ' s list or a B cumulative average, a jump from 12% in the years before the program. Many factors contrib- uted to this excellent performance, among them better study conditions provided by the new library and a se- mester examination schedule limited to one final exam- ination a day. The students themselves are better and more serious, and Dean Burke emphasizes flexibility in the Freshman Year course program, more effective counseling, and an emphasis on excellent teaching on the freshman level. Freshman Year ' s earliest purpose was to modify the rigidity of the first year for the un- certain student; in the four entering classes under Freshman Year, one fourth of the students changed intent during their first year. While most colleges have a counseling system at least on paper, often the student sees a counselor only during registration, and then only to have forms ini- tialed. A good advisor program is a rarity, and on the freshman level Notre Dame has a very good one. In the Freshman Year office, ten faculty members are avail- able 260 hours per week. Part of the success of the advisor program Dean Burke attributes to the absence of any tie between counseling and discipline. He finds that " down-to-earth, very factual counseling pays off " ; the students open up and admit wasting time without fear of retribution since the Freshman Year staff is pri- marily concerned with the student ' s academic orienta- tion. The Freshman Year office has also set up open houses to familiarize students with the various depart- ments, but simultaneously caution the freshmen against the hard-sell approach. " We tell them to go there with a chip on their shoulder. " To recognize distinguished teaching on the freshman level, in 1963 Fr. Hesburgh inaugurated the Thomas P. Madden Award. The winners, Dr. Emil Hofman, Dr. Rob- ert Christin, Dr. Robert Anthony, Fr. John Burke, and most recently Dr. Robert Leader, indicated the quality of freshman level courses. Dean Burke notes that too many graduate assistants are teaching freshmen around the country, many teaching for their first year. Freshmen need and get the best. The efforts of Dean Burke and the Freshman Year staff have saved many freshmen from failing and helped many others impr ove academically. 84 Above, William M. Burke, Dean of the Freshman Year of Studies 85 ACADEMICS ROTC 86 I he Notre Dame student who joins ROTC avoids the rigors of freshman physical education and, if he stays in his junior and senior years, possible uncertainty of the draft status. In the end, he gains the positive ad- vantages of both. One-fifth of the undergraduate student body is en- rolled in the Army, Navy, or Air Force units an un- usually high number for a school where the programs are voluntary. Notre Dame is one of the few universities in the country where all three services are represented on campus; one could almost say four, since the Navy student has the option of a regular or reserve Marine Corps commission and the Professor of Naval Science, Colonel Spritzen, is himself a Marine. The quantitative impact of the ROTC components is matched by the quality of their various efforts and achievements. As a service to the university community, the military units act as honor guards for visiting dig- nitaries and as firing squads for funerals. The Tuesday afternoon Air Force lecture series, open to the public, sponsored the Tactical Air Command briefing team from Langley Air Force Base for a discussion of their opera- tional requirements, and Lt. Col. Charles Seeger, who spoke as an authority on the Military Airlift Command. Late in October, the Navy exhibited a series of thirty- five paintings, " Navy Combat Art, " in the concourse of the library. The Army and Air Force Drill Teams have performed throughout the Midwest, the former ranking as one of the nation ' s best drill teams for the past three years. And the high caliber of the Navy personnel is exemplified by their consistency in placing a high pro- portion of newly-commissioned officers in the Nuclear Power School in California. One requirement for appli- cants to the school is a rigorous interview with Vice- Admiral Hyman Rickover and his staff. Summer camp, or the cruise, tests each future officer and makes him better able to lead drills in his senior year. Opposite, below, juniors in Army ROTC Summer Camp Training Unit receiving inoculations against the hazards of Ft. Riley. Above, top-rank- ing cadets Vincent Bucellato, Army ROTC, Richard B. Allen, Air Force ROTC, and Joseph F. Smith, Navy ROTC. Left, Rev. Edmund P. Joyce, C.S.C., University executive vice-president, Assistant Dean Devere T. Plunkett, Director of Military Affairs, Colonel John J. Stephens, Professor of Military Science, and a new officer at 1966 commissioning ceremony. 87 ACADEMICS LIBRARY I he heart of the university thumps between the ex- ecutive chamber at the pinnacle and the multidozen faculty cubicles underground. There is nothing at Notre Dame that is not in some way associated with the li- brary. Behind the wall of science periodicals on the second floor, the administrative offices include that of the new director, Fr. James W. Simonson. The previ- ous director, Mr. Schaefer, is now heading a branch of the Library of Congress in Wiesbaden, Germany; unlike his predecessor, Fr. Simonson is not a specialist in library science. He had been teaching in the classics department and recently completed his doctoral work at Harvard. The administration chose the new head from the faculty feeling that a closer understanding of the faculty point of view was a critical advantage, since they suggest acquisitions to the three assistant direc- tors and depend on the library ' s collections for the pursuit of their scholarly work. But the principal users of the library are the graduate students and freshmen. The tower collections, supple- mented by an excellent variety of microfilmed material, are adequate for the majority of study conducted by the graduate school. The Memorial Library, with its branches, contains 780,000 volumes, including an in- crease of 44,000 from last year. Freshmen use the structure primarily as a study hall, until the novelty of the furniture and the SMC regulars wears off and many have found a sophomore residence where they can study. For other undergraduates, an abundant variety of works is maintained on the first two floors, the Col- lege Library. On the upper floors a variety of groups pulsate almost unnoticed by the undergraduates. The Maritain Center and the Mediaeval Institute almost blend into each other behind rows of very ancient volumes, while much newer publications are beginning to give substance to the Soviet and East European Studies Center. Dr. Fitzsimons presides over The Review of Politics office. The Social Science Research Center and the Sports and Games Collection are both equally mav- erick. Occasionally excited voices seem to originate nowhere, as a study or class session ends in one of the seminar rooms. Thousands walk by the luxurious rare book room off the main floor concourse, but only a ha ndful ever enter, while its flanking concourse dis- plays are widely admired and most often very well done. Despite the building ' s modernity, its architects made a few bloopers, or perhaps didn ' t assume their product would be so popular. Last year the basement food center was extended and telephones added, but there is still no on-campus phone. Over Christmas a first floor partition appeared, preceded by an obviously needed sidewalk to O ' Shaughnessey. Also, a space- breaker by Mestrovic, who did the outside Moses, de- cidedly improved a formerly empty second floor lobby. But one regrets the artificial plants: the long box was more effective as Fr. Simonson ' s sarcophagus. Opposite, above, Fr. James Simon- son, director of the library. Below, in the basement of the library are of- fices for the faculty of two colleges. ACADEMICS CENTER FOR CONTINUING EDUCATION 90 Fo our years ago the Memorial Library became the new pole on the east side of campus; this year the polariza- tion has been toward the Center for Continuing Educa- tion. The building displays an architectural exterior simpler than the library ' s, an interior considerably more extravagant. The extensive carpets compete for atten- tion with the colorful chairs, but both are outdone by the building ' s focal center, a modernistic metallic Stair- case and Appendage. Sketches of Princeton and Har- vard on a lobby wall stand aside from the competition. Another lounging area on the second floor is illuminated in the daytime by clerestory light. Dr. Thomas P. Bergin, Dean of Continuing Education, is responsible for the Center ' s effective operation, a task that includes initiating conferences. From the building ' s long-delayed opening in March 1966 until mid-Decem- ber, 250 conferences and seminars, most of them last- ing two or three days, involved 3,000 participants. Topics ranged from the most sophisiticated to the most pedestrian. The conference on Vatican II issues initiated the Center, bringing together scholars in theology and related fields from throughout the world, while the Holy Cross Congregation ' s winter meeting also drew from a wide area to consider, in closed sessions in the Center ' s sacrosanct conference rooms, the future of the University Board of Trustees. Of similar interest was the Academic Freedom Symposium more than a year ago. Another conference, the first of its kind in the United States, mixed Communist and non-Communist scholars in a discussion of Marx and the Western World, spon- sored by the influential Committee on International Relations. Last October thirty German scholars and gov- ernment officials met in a conference on " The Condi- tion of Western Man: the Problem of Freedom and Au- thority. " Less dramatic events at the Center include colloquia conducted by visiting engineers, meetings of the Short Story Seminar Series, and an occasional de- bate tournament. More popular among the students and faculty have been the outstanding Challenge in Sci- ence lecture series and Cinema ' 67 ' s continuing offer- ings. Although many of the Center ' s visitors are profes- sional people interested in their own trade rather than the effect of their discussions on the local student ' s growth, Dean Bergin hopes they are all in some way " tied to the academic commitment of the university. " He cites as the criterion for an event the need " to fill some gap, to fulfill a new experience. This is not a real estate business; we ' re not just renting rooms. In con- tinuing education we are providing opportunities for mature people to update their knowledge, extend their understanding, clarify their concepts as they relate to changing problems of our time. " Opposite, above left, Dean Thomas P. Bergin, formerly in the Col- lege of Business, in his office. Opposite, below, Vice-President H. H. Humphrey and Assistant Professor of Government James A. Bogle in the Center ' s auditorium during a " dialogue " with 400 students. 91 FOREIGN STUDIES ANGERS . . . 92 Angers a quiet, unhurried town in France ' s fertile Loire Valley, a region famous for wine and chateaux, that makes up in its rich history and culture what it might lack in latest technological advances. Here 26 ND men and 19 SMC ' ers arrived in Septem- ber to initiate a second Sophomore-Year-Abroad Program and, perhaps unknowingly, to confront an experience in living unlike any they had encountered before. Adapta- tion came a bit slowly at first, but as the group spread out into families and class work intensified, one could sense a growing interest and involvement in the city, the language, and in particular the people. Even with nu- merous trips by individuals to Paris and elsewhere, the main concern was with studies and contacts with the community in and near Angers. Besides living in the state-owned, state-operated student housing, students also resided with local families. American guitars made friends through the intermediary of exchanged folk mu- sic and student clubs did their best to incorporate the sometimes aggregate group into many of their activities. Bikes and mobylettes quickly became the basic means of transportation. Even eating habits changed somewhat, for the Student Restaurant, while much discussed, was little frequented, giving the St. Mary ' s girls a chance to test their culinary talents, while the males beset them- selves with budget balancing. The routine was often broken by generous invitations into homes for meals. Among the less far-ranging trips was a visit to a 12th century abbey to help French tele- vision make a film of restoration operations. Within the city, there were not only the cafes, but also five mu- seums, the churches and concert halls, and the theatre, all of which experienced a significant influx of American youth. Angers was unquestionably aware of the Ameri- can presence and generously showed its pleasure in welcoming the Americans into the life of the community. 93 Above, Fr. Broestl with the students in the dining room of the Pension. On this_ day the university was closed for student elections. Right, Professor Kamitz lecturing a class in Philosophic. Opposite, A crossroads at the village of Aldrans. 94 FOREIGN STUDIES INNSBRUCK F, or thirty-seven sophomores and three juniors such well-known memories as Michigan Street, Howard Park, and Robertson ' s will share the limelight with Maria- Theresien-Strasse, Das Olympische Eisstadion and Kaufhaus Tyrol. For these students, one-fourth of their academic career will be associated with Innsbruck, Aus- tria. Now in its third year, the Innsbruck Program offers the interested and qualified student the chance to study in a European environment while still continuing his Notre Dame career. Preceded by a six-week summer session of intensive language training in Salzburg, the year in Innsbruck begins in October and lasts unt il late June. The students pursue courses of a liberal arts nature which meet the sophomore requirements of the colleges of Arts and Letters and Business Administra- tion. There is one difference: twenty-seven of the thirty credit hours are taught in German. After the conventional college atmosphere of Notre Dame, a converted stable at Schloss Klessheim where the summer session was held, and a university crowded among the narrow streets of the city of Innsbruck made it difficult for the students to believe they were in school. They soon realized, however, that between ski lessons and steins of beer some serious studying was necessary. Despite the strong language training, stu- dents found it difficult to comprehend such subjects as Wirtschaftwissenschaft (economics) and Voelkerrecht (international law) while still concentrating on the qual- ity of their German. More basically, the jarring adjust- ment to a totally different academic system, in which greater freedom is left to the student, led many to reconsider the importance of individual responsibility and self-direction in a college education. Education outside the classroom is invariably the most memorable aspect of the year in Innsbruck. Some students were accosted by an anti-Vietnam War demon- stration in Paris. Others were awakened in their car by machine-gun carrying police in the tense south Tyrol. There were those whose cars were searched by East German border guards and those who heard the steel gates of the Berlin Wall clank shut behind them. There is the memory of the wonderful German family in Munich who invited a student to supper, of the Yugoslav partisan who told about his years fighting the Nazis with Tito as he guided a student through the War Museum in Belgrade, of the Russian student in the Youth Hostel who thought a broadcast of a football game was a re- cording of the Vietnam War. The experiences of the forty Innsbruckers, in a cultural matrix totally different from that of Notre Dame, contributed to their maturation more than any courses they may have missed. 95 THE CAMPUS PROFESSIONAL TAKES OVER v-ampus organizations, once kept quite distinct from academics and scholarship in mo- tivation, outlook, and method, have changed as the students who join them have them- selves changed. As students ' responsibility has spread, the organizations have become more responsible. As students have spent more time on their academic life, their orga- nizations have become more oriented to academics. And as the " professional " student has emerged, so also has the " professional " organization. SBP Kevin Hart in 1963 realized the ineffectiveness of the " all around " men selected for the Student Senate and chose to work through a more efficient system of commissions and Student Government sponsored committees. Despite the enlargement of the Senate this year, the burden of work still remained with these commissions, if only because of their obvious superiority in efficiency. The social commission, for example, functioned smoothly with seasoned members and trained new ones for future years. There was even talk of separating the Social Commission, Big Screen TV and other big operations completely into a professional Student Union. The Blue Circle, CILA, and Tutoring, the major service organizations on campus, re- mained aloof from the urge to go professional and as a result maintained a wider appeal than most organizations. But on a campus obviously lacking socially radical organizations, the ser- vice organization has also been changing. The increased social awareness of students in gen- eral has increased tutors for South Bend, enlarged CILA to more than eight countries, and brought a new service organization, Alpha Phi Omega to campus this year. With more personal responsibility, many students have quickly discovered their values and joined the organization to fill their need. Their committment parallels a committment to person- al excellence in their academic work, and while " desire and willingness to work " remain the only requirements, the people who know themselves best are usually the hardest workers. The Blue Circle has changed from an apparent organization of BMOC ' s to a sin- cere group of help-minded men not by any formal reevaluation of the organization ' s role, but by a gradual change in the members. Other general organizations such as Glee Club, Band, and debate followed the same pattern as Student Government. The time involved in preparing a quality Band concert THE SOCIAL OR FRATERNAL ORGANIZATION HAS PRACTICALLY DISAPPEARED THE ENGLISH DEPARTMENT WILL ALWAYS PRODUCE WRITERS, BUT EDITORS HAVE TO BE TRAINED 98 demands a member who can play well and who has made a professional committment to spend the time and effort to excel. The social or fraternal organization has practically disappeared, leaving behind it the social commission and class governments to organize social functions for students. What has replaced the fraternal group is the academic group people brought together by common interests in the academic world. Most groups remain informal, but in the same class with these is that academic group which writes and edits the campus publications. Students have found that increased pressure to get grades limits their time and forces them to join only an organization that will be helpful in their career training. In science and engineering, there are the obvious societies of engineers and the science clubs; in arts and letters, there are generally only the publications. The Scholastic, the Observer, the Dome, and the Juggler all are edited by men who, to enjoy any measure of success, must be professionals. What kind of professional they are determines the course of the publication. In the case of the Observer, a journalist is required to decide in matters of style and taste. The English department will always produce writers, but editors have to be trained. In the case of the Juggler and the Schol- astic, something more than a journalist is required: a literary man. The Scholastic ' s new emphasis on features ties in closely with the increasing academic emphasis of the stu- dent. Several articles in the Scholastic and Juggler, for example, would be acceptable as essays in philosophy, history, or government courses. Although this has always been the case, recently there has been a noticeable orientation toward this academic aspect of writing. All these changes are related in that all are oriented away from the purely social and immature attitudes of the " BMOC. " The results of these shifts may not all be good. The loss of the " all around " man in favor of the professional limits the scope of the orga- nization in reducing the scope of its leadership. People with several interests are forced to limit their participation in organizations because of academic demands. And the con- cept of getting a broad education by wide contact with all different kinds of people through organizations is no longer valid. The results can often be farther reaching. When publica- tions become more academics-oriented, the power tends to be concentrated in a few in- dividuals in effect, a clique who use the medium for their own ends. The editors can easily lose perspective about what to print and may end up publishing articles of little or no general interest. The Scholastic lost readers in its shift to features simply because some of its " creative " material lacked broad appeal. Other organizations face a similar problem: with the professional comes also the spe- cialist, for example, the star debater who can do nothing but debate. His future is as- sured, yet his growth the major reason he came to a university is limited to one field. It is the student ' s own responsibility to decide which way to go general or specialized. In one area, increased student responsibility has paid off well. The service organiza- tion has become one of the most worthwhile activities on campus. Tutoring, for example, is not involved with specialists, except, perhaps, the specialist in dealing with children. CILA, Blue Circle, YCS, all contribute directly to the good of the community and indirectly to the good of the individual without a trace of professionalism. In other organizations, the emergence of the professional has brought with it both problems and improvements. But it has made one thing certain: the quality of the " prod- uct, " whether a Glee Club concert or academic commission lecture series, will improve if those in charge do not lose sight of their goals. THE CONCEPT OF GETTING A BROAD EDUCATION THROUGH ORGANIZATIONS IS NO LONGER VALID 99 w CHEETAH Opposite, Jim Fish, SBP. Top, Rich tinting, Treasurer. Left, Rick Dunn, Presidential Assistant, and David Walsh, Executive vice-president. Above, Tom Conoscenti, Administrative vice- president. The approval of the Student Union proposal in April created a new post, the Student Union president, to ad- minister most services now covered by the student government. 100 ORGANIZATIONS STUDENT GOVERNMENT f sprawling range of activities and services is cov- ered by Student Government. This year, the service aspects were so dominant that at the end of the first semester, Student Body President Jim Fish recom- mended the formation of an independent Student Union to administer many of the services, provide some con- tinuity of administration from one year to the next, and leave the SBP and his cabinet with more time to develop new projects. This year ' s outstanding developments were in hall life and in academics. Rules changes and abolition of curfews at the beginning of the year were due in part to an effort by last year ' s Student Government, but the development of effective hall governments was left to the Fish administration. Tom Conoscenti, administra- tive vice-president was instrumental in the formation of the hall judiciary boards and coordinated the section system and the hall committee that organized the vote and arranged for five more halls to include all four classes next year. Judicial boards altered the disciplin- ary system, since minor cases were judged individually and rarely referred to the dean of students. The off-campus commission, counterpart to the Hall Life committee, succeeded in establishing an informa- tion office in the old TV room of the student center. Under commissioner Norm Jeddeloh, the committee published listings of available housing and made an evaluation of the housing for off-campus students. The commission worked throughout the year for the ap- proval of off-campus apartments. A Fine Arts Festival in April highlighted a year of out- standing lectures and cultural programs. In its first year, the festival was one of the really creative activi- ties done by the Fish administration. Chris Murphy directed the festival from the new post of cultural af- fairs commissioner. Although the College of Arts and Letters sponsored a smaller version of the festival five years ago, the effort this year was completely student organized and promises to be a regular spring feature. In other academic areas, Bill Staszak coordinated the work of the course and teacher evaluation booklet; the first semester saw publication of course descrip- tions by the teachers, and later the actual evaluation of liberal arts departments, electives, and professors. A two year " student stress " study was continued with help from NSA and the Mental Health Association. The Free University was also sponsored by the aca- demic commission, and although attendance at the Sunday afternoon lecture series dropped considerably after the first weeks, both Jim Fish and Bill Staszak see a likely enlargement of the idea to include academic credit for the course and other pass-fail electives. While the accomplishments of the Fish administra- tion were notable, in some areas his projects had little success. The Hall Presidents Council had potential as a body representing autonomous halls, yet it achieved nothing during the year and was considered by the Student Senate for abolition. The Senate itself re- mained an ineffective body until well into the second semester. On some issues, such as girls in rooms, off-campus apartments, and calendar and class cuts changes, results were negligible. The momentum and coordination needed by Student Government to accom- plish anything in these perennial issues was often lacking. The Student Union is designed to provide new direction to varied Student Government interests. 101 STUDENT GOVERNMENT COMMISSIONS Opposite, above, Student Government commissioners: Tom Figel, Civil Rights, Jim Wiser, academic, Tom Demling, N.D.- South Bend relations, and Tom Kiselius, student organizations. Opposite, below, left, Public Relations Coordinator Mike Irvine and Student Affairs Coordinator Tom Chema. Opposite, below right, Steve Northup, Human Affairs Coordinator. Below, Aca- demic Coordinator Bill Staszak and Social Coordinator Jim Polk. In their second year as the major arm of the student government executive, the commissions under the Fish administration flourished in providing excellent services. The largest, the social commission, has become prac- tically self-perpetuating and will be a cornerstone in the Student Union. Among the notable commission- sponsored concerts were Henry Mancini, the Tempta- tions, Peter, Paul and Mary, the Righteous Brothers and Pete Seeger. Under Jim Polk, the social commission al- so ran the homecoming weekend, sponsored the Colle- giate Jazz Festival, and gave several dances. The finan- cial impact of the social commission is also important: a profit of $5,000 for the year aided in developing other projects. Less publicized than the social commission, the aca- demic commission sponsored an excellent lecture series including Hanna Arendt, James Farmer and Masters and Johnson. Despite cancellations by Drew Pearson and General Hershey, the lecture series was one of the best in recent years. Academic coordinator, Bill Stas- zak, worked with commissioner Jim Wiser beyond the lecture series to enlarge student-faculty relationships. The academic commission sponsored the Free Univer- sity with lectures by Prof. Hassenger in the second semester, and maintained student faculty coffee hour. Student Affairs Coordinator Tom Chema presided over several commissions: student organizations, which registered organizations on campus and offered them movies through a lottery; student affairs, which regis- tered the complaints and suggestions of students; and the off-campus commission, which did the same but with special emphasis on the problems of off-campus life. Jim Cavnar, hall life coordinator, worked with the hall governments attempting autonomy within the uni- versity, especially in the hall judicial review boards, which largely assumed the discipline of the halls. Human Affairs Coordinator Steve Northup was in charge of several of the special commissions such as the civil rights commission, the Notre Dame-South Bend relations commission, and the Community Services Board, which distributed the student directory, the on- campus mail, and campus-packs. Public Relations Co- ordinator Mike Irvine was a liason between the Student Government and the Observer and Scholastic. Student Body President Jim Fish hoped to eliminate some of the centralization of this year ' s commissions organization with the Student Union proposal. The co- ordinators and commissioners apparently became so involved in the heirarchy of student government that decentralization was necessary. Formed several years ago in an attempt to streamline student government, the commissions had become very large and often un- wieldly. The Student Union was proposed to combine the largest part of student government, the service as- pect, into a workable and professional body that could train its own leaders, independent of the yearly Stu- dent Government turnover. 102 103 Otudent Senators this year tried to pull themselves out of the morass of ineffective and irrelevant legisla- tion which dominated the past several years of the Sen- ate. With only four senators returning each year, and thirty five new ones elected this year, a big problem was simply educating the body in procedure; even the elections proved confusing. The Action Student Party came of age in the elec- tions, placing more than half of its nominees in the Senate. Dillon elected one senator from each floor in an unprecedented and apparently unconstitutional vote that was later accepted as valid. With more than one senator elected from each hall, Student Government de- cided not to reveal the pluralities to keep the Senators equal. And the off-campus elections, held twice, in- volved only about 10% of all off-campus students. The first few meetings forced the sidestepping of important issues in the disputes, and set the pace for the rest of the semester. Only six Senate meetings were held in the first six months of the school year. The ASP, which moved in October to implement its free- speech platform, dropped out of sight after their chosen speakers were formally banned by the Bishop. Finally, a movement within the Senate to revise the constitution took up more than its share of time at meetings. The second semester witnessed an improvement. Censorship and the Observer focused campus attention on the Senate for the first time all year. The Senate ' s decision not to impose strict censorship on the Ob- server was a responsible vote in a tense atmosphere; with the proposed Student Union, the two issues gave direction to the body and made it an important part of government activities. Bob Moran, student body vice- president and Senate chairman, felt that the Senate could perform best in the area of policy. During the first semester, however, the Senate couldn ' t agree on any basic policy declarations. But the academic freedom statement and the declaration of students ' rights and grievances, both second semester products of Senate investigation, reflected a growing liberalism and aware- ness of the senators. Through the Student Union which the Senate approved in April, and the political parties which all presidential candidates promised to form, the Senate can be a center for basic decisions on policy. The party system might help to solve some of the problems that persistently hinder the Senate. The prob- lem of the education of senators in parliamentary pro- cedure could be reduced considerably by party prepara- tion. Sides would inevitably be drawn up before the Sen- ate meeting; the many independent views would be re- duced to a factual case for or against; and time would be saved during the weekly Senate meetings that now run three and four fruitless hours. This year, the Senate emerged as a workable body. Next year, hopefully, it will play a leading role in student government. 104 STUDENT GOVERNMENT SENATE Opposite, above, chairman of the Senate and SPVP Bob Moran. Opposite, below, Senate members: first row, D. Ott, D. Rybak, T. Flanigan, J. Matinek, B. Moran. Second row, W. Hagen, J. O ' Meara, R. McDonald, K. Donavon. In the back, B. Rigney, M. Walsh, S. Reneau, T. Switzer, P. Rathweg. Below, the rest of the Senate, from the left, T. Alley, J. O ' Neill, G. Helm, J. Car- roll, R. Rossie, R. Hunt, G. Malek, D. Stark, P. Higgins, M. Greene, M. Kendall, B. Kelly, C. Goria, B. Robards, J. Walsh, B. Meyer, P. Dowd, J. Karrenbauer. Missing, R. Messina, D. Dunne, C. Cage, J. Radey, L. Broderick, B. Bielski, T. McKenna, M. Blackwell, and T. Holstein. ,.mmmm ! . ' 105 Opposite, Scholastic Editor Dan Murray. Top, Associate Editor Jamie McKenna, Copy Editor Stevie Phalen, and Managing Editor Carl Magel at the Ave Maria Press, where the Scholastic is printed week- ly. Stevie Phalen is the first SMC girl to become a Scholastic editor. Left, Associate Editor Tom Sullivan. Above, Associate Editor Anton Finelli. 106 SCHOLASTIC E very year or two the Scholastic has an identity crisis. As the only weekly student magazine of its size in the nation, it must choose to go the way of Time, Life, Sports Illustrated or the Sewanee Review without much help from other colleges. And, before the Voice and the Observer, there was no help on campus either except perhaps the hundred years of previous Scholastics. This year, however, editor Dan Murray clearly saw the Observer taking over the role any good newspaper should the presentation of hard news. The Scholastic, then, was free to evaluate, to discuss, and, sometimes, to fall behind the tempo of the campus. The Scholastic could hardly outdo the Observer in speed, since the magazine ' s deadline was earlier and publication time a day later, so features and in-depth studies were emphasized. Each issue had a long lead news story, often followed by either a feature or an editorial on the same subject. The first topic, and the one most covered through the year, was the residence hall. In October, the Scholastic presented portraits of the rectors and their views on hall rules. In November, off-campus was the lead news story and a pro-con dis- cussion of the concept of the residence issue followed in the same issue. In the very next issue, an essay dis- cussed the section system, a feature explored Dillon Hall, and an editorial lauded stay hall. The editors pushed hard on the value of the section system in the stay hall and the possibilities of other developments, such as the teaching of English and theology courses within the hall. They emphasized the segregation of the freshmen and the result of the split for both fresh- men and upperclassmen. So it came as little surprise when the stay hall vote had failed in most halls, that the Scholastic protested vehemently, and said in the editorial " One Year " that some day stay hall would dominate. Aside from stay hall, however, the Scholastic did little crusading. The one editorial per issue was strictly limited to campus issues, and mostly to student respon- sibility. In the second semester, the magazine jumped into the contention about censorship, and critical ar- ticles and editorials studied alumni attitudes and the Blue Circle. Essays and features were clearly the most outstanding part of the magazine. Feature editor Tom Sullivan provided the most interesting creative writing: " The Death of Sean Michael Christian, " " A Rhinoceros 107 PUBLICATIONS SCHOLASTIC Sort of Thing, " and " Brother Christmas " rival, in Dan Murray ' s words, " anything the Juggler has to offer. " Perhaps the best satire ever to show up on campus was in another Sullivan piece, " Babes in Wonderland the Power of Prayer " that caught everything bad about the Time cover story on Hanratty and Seymour and made it funny. But creative writing does not have the wide appeal of the informative news story and the Scholastic did not break a major news story all year. Even traditional Scholastic material, for example, the announcement of the Patriot of the Year, was pre-empted by the Observer, which covered the story of the award ' s demise as well. The news section was dominated by a feature style of reporting that picked up small incidents and retold the big stories in a different way. But nothing really major was going on. The sports section, suffering a sim- ilar problem, lacked freshness. The rehashed writing throughout the football season was climaxed by a down- right boring Football Review; for the second year in a row the review did little more than reprint newspaper accounts of the games, while the cover lacked the ac- tion of a color photo. And even Sports Illustrated, whose similarity right down to the contents page was remark- able, scooped the review in printing Fr. Hesburgh ' s article. For the rest of the year, the sports department sparkled only when individual features themselves were outstanding, as in the story of the basketball team ' s first major upset victory, or the pictures and copy treatment of a vicious hockey game. The magazine exhibited a polish unusual in student publications, and the Scholastic ' s budget allowed a level of professional quality unattainable by the Observer. Yet as a feature magazine, the Scholastic was vulner- able to the dearth of campus writers, and the result too often was dullness. 108 Opposite, above, Bob Werner, Scholastic Circulation Manager. Opposite, below, Jim Bresette, Copy Editor. Top, Mike Bradley, Sports Editor, Left, Joel Garreau, News Assistant. Above, Steve Locke, Advertising Manager, and Ken Spcha, Business Manager. By getting in the copy on time and by eliminating costly changes, the Scholastic was able to save over $5000 in the first semester. 109 : i - V I V + : 110 PUBLICATIONS DOME Opposite, above, left, Dome Photography Editor Neil Bowen. Op- posite, above, right, Assistant Editor Bill Coco. Opposite, below, Dome staff members: on pipes, W. Coco, R. Julian, T. Malone, on ladder, D. Heskin, J. O ' Neill, J. Stein, W. Thieman, K. Flynn, M. Frazier. Below, J. Dempsey, G. Stevens, T. Vogelwede, V. Jagmanrt, A. Lutz, B. Anderson, A. Knappenberger, P. Wilson, M. Otto, and J. Chandler. Left, Editor-in-chief Rod Julian. Below, left, Associate Editor Tom Malone. Below, Saint Mary ' s assis- tant Babs Gibson. In a never-ending search for the perfect medium of communication, the editors of the 1967 Dome struck upon many novel and interesting ideas. Their problem was to communicate these fantastic brainstorms to the staff: dialogue among unequals is always difficult. For the first few months the staff was relatively peaceful, tolerating, if not always understanding the whims of its editors. But in January, loyal Dome mem- bers were thoroughly bewildered when editor Julian wrote in the Scholastic of discarding " picture postcard- ism " for " intentionally degraded sentimental value. " Rod professes to have no philosophy of yearbooks and it ' s probably better that way; " If there ' s one thing I can ' t stand, " he says, " it ' s yearbooks. " Bill Coco, an assistant editor, had been living in constant dread of a repeat of last year: " I want to make it clear that the emphasis this year won ' t be on medi- ocrity. In fact, we will emphasize nothing. If the form of the book is aesthetic, no meaningful content is nec- essary. " The Dome office witnessed many bitter fights be- tween Coco and Tom Malone, associate editor. Coco, for example, wanted to run a twelve page spread on the new post office and was supported by strong factions within the staff. In opposition, Tom suggested " a year- book that is completely symbolic. The cover would be a picture of a tree, and the rest would be a combina- tion of long columns of numbers and pictures of gar- bage cans, maybe with a foldout of a huge four. " m 112 PUBLICATIONS DOME y The section heads, who do most of the busy work, are responsible for the bulk of the book. Having at- tempted an objective analysis of the university in the past, the Dome this year relied on a group of subjective and alienated section editors. Student Life editor, Dave Heskin, finally blew his mind on the twenty-eighth re- write of a one paragraph ditty on the dunes. Poor Dave. Academics editor Mike Frazier could not raise his cu- mulative average above .08 and was consequently sus- pended. Sports editors Bill Thieman and Joe Stein gave up sports to become co-lead bass for an obscure An- gola harmonica group. And Organizations editor Kevin Flynn, hampered by a congenital inability to meet dead- lines, finally mutinied and is currently working on an Organizations supplement due in August, 1971. Photography editor Neil Bowen also had problems with his photographers, due primarily to Bowen him- self. Since Neil is allergic to both developer and fixer, he used almost all of his budget getting his pictures de- veloped and enlarged through the bookstore. When it became apparent that the money was going too fast, Bowen fired the photographers, cut out pictures from old Domes, and pocketed the rest of the cash. Like Julian, he has no philosophy on yearbooks. Opposite, Above, Dome section editors: Left, Kevin Flynn, Organiza- tions, Center, Joe Stein, Sports, Right, Dave Heskin, Student Life. Op- posite, below, photographers B. Feliss, K. Harkins, T. Ford, J. Canis- tero, J. Murphy. Above, photographers, C. LaFrance, B. Cuccias, M. Ford, E. Sol. Above, right, Mike Frazier, Academics Editor, and Bill Thieman, Sports Editor. 113 114 PUBLICATIONS OBSERVER I he Observer was born early in November after the Voice ceased publication, and jumped into the arena of campus publications with an eagerness that surprised many. For a readership accustomed to the overstate- ment and inaccuracy of the Voice, the clarity and pre- cision of the Observer was a shock. The resemblance to the Voice dominated first impressions: the Observer used the same printer, same headlines and same size paper. As the semester went on, however, a striking difference in the quality of writing and editorial policy became apparent. The main difference was Robert Anson, who joined the staff as Co-Editor-in-Chief, alongwith Steve Feldhaus, who told, in his final Voice editorial, of being " pulled from the ranks of the unknown to man the ship through the perils of student journalism at Notre Dame. " Feld- haus retained financial control of the paper, which continued to receive support from Student Government and expanded its advertising base to more than two- thirds of its budget. But with News Editor Pat Collins, Anson did much of the editing and layout work. With a deadline as late as noon of publication day, the news department maintained freshness and scooped the Scholastic several times on the speaker policy deci- sions, off-campus apartments, and the Patriot of the Year. Improved in layout, the front page was the live- liest part of the paper and ran the best writing. Inside news pages, however, showed more unevenness and less attention to writing, and small news items were often neglected. Completely new for the Observer was the feature page, which incorporated some syndicated columns with Observer features. Facing it was the editorial page, and together they carried a lively analysis of campus trends. A " Reporter " column, usually done by either Anson or Pat Collins, editorialized more than it re- ported, but was probably the most interesting column in the paper. In their own column, the editors put forth Opposite, left, Executive Sports Editor Hudson Giles. Opposite, right, Editor-in-Chief Robert Sam Anson, who joined the Observer after the Voice had ceased publication. Above, Editor-in-Chief Steve Feldhaus, previous editor of the Voice. 115 F, PUBLICATIONS OBSERVER a slightly leftist stand, solidly anti Viet Nam war, pro drugs (with restrictions) and pro student freedom. The editors also pushed on the news pages, where stories, some of them obviously slanted, commented on off- campus apartments, the ASP, the speaker policy, and the freedom forum. In addition, the Observer reprinted articles from other college newspapers about Berkeley since the sit-ins, the American Civil Liberties Union, and the House Un-American Activities Committee. A controversial study of sexual freedom in California led to a letter of equivocation from Anson and Feldhaus. And in a series beginning with the editorial " The Chal- lenge Money can ' t Buy, " the Observer expanded its editorial policy to question directly where the responsi- bility for the operation of the university lay. Only in sports did Editor Anson feel any real com- petition with the Scholastic. Except for Hudson Giles ' lively " Irish Eye " column, the writing generally lacked the polish of the front page news or Scholastic sports. But speed and originality far outdistanced the Schol- astic, particularly in the series of football " exclusives " and the eight page pull-out before the Irish-MSU game. As in the news section, there was a substantial drop in quality of writing after the main sports page, and small but important items, like schedules and statistics, were often neglected. In news reporting, and in making an explicit editorial policy, the Observer decisively took the spotlight from the Scholastic. The editors vowed in their first editorial " To uncover the truth and to report it accurately. " Yet the choice of campus subjects and news from other campuses indicated a desire to stir up students that was based on preconceived opinions rather than ac- curate reporting. 116 Top, left, Observer Sports Editor Bob Scheuble. Top, right, News Editor Bill Brew. Above, Executive News Editor Mike Irvine and columnist Pat Collins, author of the lively " Campus Ear " col- umn. Although some of the Voice staff stayed with the Observer, more than half of the editorial board was new. 117 Above, the Juggler staff in their closet-sized office: Pat Shaw, Jim Garcia, Editor-in-Chief Rich McQuaid, Dudley Andrew, Poetry Editor, and Tom Sullivan, Fiction Editor. Opposite, above, Editor McQuaid. Opposite below, the rest of the staff: Dennis Mc- Cusker, Joe Wenstrup, Mike Ryan, Dan Burns, Bill Coco, and Jim Bridgeman. 118 " UBLICATIONS JUGGLER After a brief sojourn of one year in the classy fourth floor Student Center neighborhood, between the Schol- astic and the Observer, down the hall from the Dome and the Honor Council, the Juggler lost its office to a more influential Mardi Gras Committee and had to move into an erstwhile closet, thrice as high as it was wide or long, with holes in the floor large enough to swallow a galley page, and sharing a wall with a honky- tonk piano. At least it had been quiet under the eaves in Walsh. But Juggler editor Rich McQuaid responded in kind, presenting the university with the Beckettian introspec- tion of D. M. Burns, Jr. ' s closet philosophy, with un- washed fiction from " Somewhere South of Santa Claus, " and with John Reilly ' s " Bronchial Nagurski. " Following the loss of fourth floor respectability, the Juggler ' s door was stormed by a mob of proletarian poets and starting graduate students and, indeed, Juggler this year published more poets than any in recent memory. Several contributors rose above the squalor of their environment to achieve a measured sensitivity in mas- terful expression. The responsible scholarship of Dudley Andrew ' s essay on Michaelangelo Antonioni, the Baro- que-delightful texture of Tom Volini ' s prose, the col- lared visceral pace of Bill Durlin ' s fiction, as well as the introduction of black and white photography to replace the inadequate reproduction of paintings were at least respectable attempts at literary and visual art. 119 Despite a press run of only 1500 copies, the Tech Review is nationally known as one of the top undergrad- uate publications in engineering. TR last year won first place awards in two of nine categories in national com- petition for best technical article and best recurring feature. This year, TR continued to publish articles by engineers, for engineers. Each of the four issues printed about four major research articles, the result of private work by the authors. In addition, there was an editorial, a feature on the engineering faculty, and a summary of local en- gineering news. More than half of the magazine was advertising from recruiting corporations, and a group of technical puzzles ended each issue. Editor Jim Polk tried to make each article a unit, with all necessary pictures, diagrams, and data under- standable to the " layman. " With this emphasis, TR be- came for the staff an experience in technical expression and communication just as valuable as the results of the research itself. The Science Quarterly is likewise a specialized jour- nal, directed to science majors and faculty. The editors attempted to maintain a Scientific American approach to the publication of research findings. What resulted was somewhat different, but still a good approximation. Realizing that technical terminology cannot hide bad writing, editor Alan Golichowski attempted to avoid the lack of clarity that probably hinders lay understanding more than lack of scientific background. He hired a staff artist, and accompanied each article with useful diagrams and pictures in an effective layout. Although editorial comments and features were fewer than in the Tech Review, the research article was occasionally a type of editorial. In the first issue, for example, an article evaluated a poll of pre-med students, statistically analyzing the best and worst of pre-med teachers, courses and labs. Other articles, however, remained more theoretical. 120 PUBLICATIONS TECH REVIEW AND SCIENCE QUARTERLY Opposite, above, the Tech Review staff in the Civil Engineering lab: Jim Sauter, Rick Grell, Mike McGuire, Hugh Saracino, Brian Schanning and Denis Springer. Opposite, below, Jim Polk, TR editor in chief, Pete Riehm, managing editor, Paul Bonfanti, business manager, Skip Hraben, and Garry Morrow, assistant editor. Top, Science Quarterly editor Alan Golichowski at the Nieuwland particle accelerator construction. Above, Science Quarterly staff: Tom Gorin, business manager, Mike Dunn, as- sociate editor, Alan Golichowski, editor, Chairles Berry, layout and art editor, and John Masley, circulation manager. 121 Opposite, Business Review editors Robert Michalak, Daniel Pierce, Michael Hughes. Above, BR staff: Richard Gavigan, Robert Michalak, Mike Karnes, Michael Hughes, J. C. Beers, Daniel Pierce, Earl C. Catron, and George Robert. 122 The college-financed Student Business Review was finally printed this year. Surprisingly readable for a fledging publication, the Review in its first issue cov- ered standard topics: the business organizations on campus, the MBA at Notre Dame, and a review of David Olgivie ' s Confessions of an Advertising Man. Scheduled for publication twice a year, the BR was printed at the Ave Maria press and distributed to all business admin- istration majors and faculty. The Business Review will fill a position similar to the Tech Review and the Science Quarterly for other colleges of the university. The editors hope to publish at least three times next year. Each issue this year was a combination of research, findings, descriptive ar- ticles, a short editorial and a book review. While the first issue emphasized descriptions of faculty, courses and student organizations in the business college, the second issue emphasized the research article, with a story on management techniques in insurance, a cor- relation of stock prices and dividends, and an evalua- tion of the future of air freight. The Business Review also carried a forecast of the nation ' s economy derived from Prof. Trubac ' s Business Conditions Analysis class. Each year the class competes with other mid-western business colleges in forecasting, using statistical and trend analyses of the major economic barometers, such as auto production, housing, and the industrial output. While there always had been some interest in start- ing a business magazine, a push came in February of 1966 when several seniors wrote articles suitable for a magazine. This year, Mike Hughes, Bob Michalak and Daniel Pierce decided to begin publication. The result, a well-designed and printed journal, should serve the Business College both as a public relations item and as an outlet for extracurricular student research. PUBLICATIONS BUSINESS REVIEW NOTRE DAME STUDENT BUSINESS REVIEW DECEMBER, 1966 123 iNIZATlONS WSND creative sound of a great university: " the slogan repeatedly proclaims the self-conscious super- iority o f WSND as casually as the time and temperature. This year, perhaps more than ever, the proclamations were accurate. Station manager Rick Madden heads the vast organ- ization that gathers, writes and edits news, sports and features, maintains the transmitter, and programs and broadcasts perhaps the best combination of music available in the wasteland of South Bend radio. Although instituted some four years ago, the pro- gramming staff achieved successful operation only this year. Its basic task is to organize a " show " around a theme and blend each record into a smooth, continuous whole. All shows must be thoroughly planned and pro- grammed no less than 24 hours before air time. As a carrier-current broadcaster, WSND is not con- trolled by the FCC. The station blatantly broadcasts music and sports on Sunday morning, when other sta- tions are obligated by the government to air a number of " religious " hours. The station tries, however, to be as professional as possible, maintaining logs and using standard cueing and exit procedures. The broadcasting reflects the typical college day. Top 0 ' the Morning at 7 a.m. provides music for clock radios. High Noon until 1 p.m. is a full-blast release from a morning of study, while Topsy and Moving West with Dave McGovern gradually tone down into low- keyed rock and roll. After dinner is The Light Touch and H. Bryce Parker ' s Requestfully Yours show, and the day ends softly with Nite Beat and The Quiet One. News is reported throughout the day for more than two hours total. Also reflective of its audience, week-end broadcasting is completely different. The emphasis is on features, climaxing Sunday evening with Sunday Showcase, The Folk Idiom, The Bastille Hour and Anathema. Using the same studios as its AM counterpart and likewise financially independent of the university, WSND-FM this year operated as an autonomous unit. Considering itself an educational outlet, the station is actively seeking support for expansion from foundations and individuals. The FM program bulletin, first issued in November, openly requests contributions from the local audience. In the expansion plans are a longer pro- gram day, a bigger transmitter for stereo and larger musical and educational facilities. WSND-FM is a ten-watt station, with its transmitter pointed into downtown South Bend. Its affiliation with several national music organizations, including the Broadcasting Foundation of America, provided interna- tional music and educational programs. Among its major events, FM broadcast the Metropolitan Opera from New York and both the Salzburg and Bayreuth Festivals from Austria and Germany. 124 Opposite, WSND officers, Dick Reilly, AM program director, Denny Reeder, FM program director, Rick Madden, station manager and J. C. Beers, business manager. Top, Rick Madden, station manager. Left, John Simna, FM announcer. Above, Reid Duffy, sports di- rector, covering the Bengal Bouts live for WSND. 125 GLEE CLUB f September trip to California for an appearance on the Andy Williams television show began a vigorous year for the Notre Dame Glee Club. After barely ten days of intensive practice, the club flew to Hollywood for three days of singing, staging, and sightseeing. The group returned to prepare for two Washington Hall concerts, a Thanksgiving tour of the East, a Christ- mas tour in the Midwest and a spring return to the west coast. The club travelled over 10,000 miles and sang more concerts than in any previous year, with each member able to sing in at least one major concert. Although concert selections emphasized contempo- rary songs, the concerts opened with religious and classical selections. " Old favorites " were sung only on request. On campus, the club has become an active organiza- tion, tutoring as a group every Wednesday and singing as university representatives whenever needed. Originally a choir, the club had degenerated into a purely fraternal singing gang when " Dean " Daniel Pedtke rescued it in 1935. Pedtke has been with the g roup ever since. Top, Director Daniel Pedtke leads a practice session in O ' Shaug- J. Mitchak, D. Riehl, J. Cuellar, R. Rowles, J. Amer, L. Parker, P. nessey Hall. Above, Glee Club members sing on the Andy Williams Mundhenk, president, P. Fredolino, J. Monaco, J. Carey, T. Zahn, television show in California. First row, P. Morris, J. Assalone, L. J. Kane. Top row, S. Cooley, D. Doyle, S. Griffin, and B. Narmont. Shad, S. Ahlgren, S. Sorenson, P. Munsen, W. Phillips, B. Sevier, Opposite, Skip Sorenson, Wayne Phillips, and Mike Duell at one of J. Conway, P. Bonfonti. Second row, T. McCloud, P. Casey, P. Castel- the daily practice sessions. Ian, P. Azar, J. Kennedy, J. Kamp, T. Murphy. Third row, A. Rearden, 127 ORGANIZATIONS BAND In the distance, a persistent click-click-click and a low roar coming from nowhere. The tapping grows louder, as around the corner the click and the roar be- come a quick-pulsed throb. From somewhere ahead, a pointed whistle. Drums in the back answer sharply as if to foreshadow something. Someone, somewhere, hits the brakes and the whole train bursts forth in brassy release. Without stopping, it gains momentum and turns another corner and hits the quad with the full force of the facing tubas. Suddenly the sound is every- where, as echoes add depth to a familiar melody . . . Most familiar of the three university bands is the Notre Dame Marching Band, and its existence is limit- ed to the football season. After the season, band mem- bers join either the concert band or the varsity band, or both. Throughout the year, the bands play at more than 120 functions, from a St. Patrick ' s Day parade and a two week concert tour to graduation. But the five functions highest on the band ' s priority list are the five home football Saturdays. It might be hard to follow a national championship act the marching band doesn ' t even try. Its function is complimentary at the rallys, after the touchdowns, picking up a cheer, or educating a captive audience on Indiana songwriters. Sixty of the best bandsmen compose the concert band, which makes a twelve day tour each spring. This year, the band stopped in Montreal, Maine, and New York in a northeastern tour. The varsity band, with more than 100 pieces, is a smaller version of the marching band and continues its post-football activities. Like a military band in style and purpose, the varsity band gave several outdoor concerts on campus and a lawn concert at St. Mary ' s College. 128 Above, the marching band at the North Carolina game. Left, Drum Major Dave Cortwright. 129 Opposite above, Wranglers chairman Jim Bridgeman. Opposite, below, the Wranglers discussing philosophy after Prof. Bouwsma ' s lecture, clockwise from bottom, Mike O ' Connor, Al Schweitzer, Dan Burns, Steve Hermes, Jim Bridgeman, Mike Lonerigan, George Huber, John Garvey, O. K. Bouwsma, Jim Hardgrove, Adrian Reimes, and Dan Kpob. Above, officers of the Inter- national Students Organization in the Student Center ' s inter- national room: first row, Samson Sorinmade, Joyce Kenny, Glenn Man, president, Jessie Vaz and Sardul Minhas; second row, David Bodkin, Sue Mahoney, and Ernesto Sol. 130 ORGANS; I.S.O. AND WRANGLERS Wranglers met weekly this year in the basement of Louie ' s unless bumped to the O ' Shaugnessy faculty lounge by higher paying customers. At each meeting a paper by one of the members served as tinder for discussion; the group was at times critical of the paper, sometimes oblivious to it. Topics ranged from meta- mathematics to alchemy and included as many arts, dark and bright, as some thirty members could illumine. The central fire was Wittgenstein. The year ' s discus- sions began with him and returned many times to him. Forays away were frequent, though, with Plato, Kant, Gide, Sartre, the theory of music, the interpretation of history, the function of heresy, and other fields all as- suming superlunary positions at one time or another. Several meetings featured distinguished visitors such as Prof. Pepper of Berkeley and Prof. Bouwsma of Texas, both on campus for the Philosophy Department ' s " Perspectives " series. Wrangler moderator Prof. O ' Mal- ley visited often and addressed the group twice. Other faculty members made infrequent appearances, but for the most part Wranglers proceeded unnoticed and un- known beyond their haunts beneath Louie ' s. The biggest event of this year ' s international Stu- dents Organization calendar was the Christmas ban- quet. Held at St. Mary ' s, and attended by over 250 faculty and students, the banquet featured representa- tive dishes from foreign countries. In their native dress, international students mixed with American members in decorating, planning the ceremonies, and putting on a show. The ISO also worked as a group in their annual picnic and at their Mardi Gras booth, but most of the monthly activities were in small, informal social groups. The club sponsored weekly coffee hours in the Student Center ' s International Room. Half of the 200 members are foreign students, and for the foreign student who seems isolated from the culture of the university, the ISO is an easy way to meet the students not from his country. For the American student, ISO is a refreshing change from the usual environment of an otherwise uniform student body. 131 Above, first row, Dick Rodenick, Jim Sauter, Jim Lyons, Dennis Clarke; second row, John Bevz, Doug Morrow, Tom Talcott, Pat Raher; in chairs, Joel Con- nelly, Pat Dowd; standing, Bill Locke, Tom Murphy, Jim Rice, and Pat Roos. Right, Pat Ra- her, Jim Lyons, and Jim Rice in a practice match. Opposite, Debate Council President Jim Sauter in the team ' s trophy room in the Student Center. 132 ORGANIZATIONS DEBATE D, ' ebate Council is a tight organization of about 20 specially trained individuals. They perform alone or in pairs, but the entire team organizes evidence and helps in planning individual cases. Notre Dame ' s interest in debating centers around tournaments, and especially, its own 3-day invitational. One of the larger tourneys, with 56 schools represented, it was presented early in March and allowed students to view the operations of the council. In eighteen other varsity and novice tournaments, the debaters claimed major awards at Purdue, Wayne State, Detroit, and Marquette. This year ' s topic " Resolved: that the U. S. should substantially reduce its foreign policy committments " was typical of the broad range of subjects from which Delta Epsilon Rho-Tau Kappa Alpha, the national debate organization, chooses the nation-wide resolution. Prob- ably because of the wide literature available on the subject, NATO and European economic committments dominated the debating instead of the more controv- ersial, and more recent, developments in Asia. What- ever the affirmative ' s emphasis, the negative was pre- pared to counter any proposal and promote the status quo, and every debater had to be prepared to support either negative or affirmative positions in a tourney. Besides tourney competition, the Debate Council staged a series of public exhibition debates in Pitts- burgh, Chicago, St. Louis, and South Bend. The audi- ences from high school students and businessmen to a women ' s temperance league added theatrical inter- est to the debates and provided a break from the rugged series of 60 minute tournament debates. In October, the council debated a touring team from Oxford on the achievement of the Great Society. And in November, Jim Rice and Pat Raher won a widely publicized debate with Michigan State at Detroit: " Resolved: that we are Number One. " The team is young; Rice and Raher, both sopho- mores, have excellent potential, but Jim Lyons and Jim Jim Sauter, this year ' s president, have beaten them in practice. The demands of preparing a case and present- ing it across the country requires time that only the pro- fessionally-oriented debater may want to spend. The novice level, in which Notre Dome has been traditionally strong, attracts more students than the varsity, a compar- atively weak and young team. The really good debaters who consistently win awards are professionals, and the number willing to become professional remains small. 133 . , Above, ADA officers, Chic Schoen, president, John Meany, Tom Brislin, Andre Papantonio, and Jim Wiser. Below, officers of the Young Republicans, Mike Kundent, Hugh Saracino, G. Barnabo, and Mike Schaefer, president. 134 r olitics was a bigger concern of this year ' s student body than it had been for some time. Obviously, local political interest follows the tide of the national election cycle, but this year ' s emphasis on student rights and responsibilities provided new impetus. This interest was especially evident in the emphasis on political parties in student government elections the actuality of the Action Student Party and the promise of more to come next year. Less apparent, but deeper-rooted, is the traditional interest in the national Democratic and Republican parties, represented on campus by the Young Demo- crats and Young Republicans. Though more estab- lished, both of these groups reflect the new wave of interest and concern typified in campus politics. Senior Mike Shay, president of the Young Democrats, notes that while the YD ' s are primarily a campus club with the traditional activities meetings, lectures, mov- ies, and parties, they have gone beyond these. Mem- bers observed this year ' s local South Bend and Indiana elections and volunteered their services in the people- to-precinct capacities of census takers and poll watch- ers. This interest in local politics portends what is to come next year when national candidates and issues stir more members to action at the local Democratic Headquarters. In addition, three of the approximately 125 YDs reg- istered here represented Notre Dame at the Indiana Federation of Young Democrats ' convention in Indian- apolis. Held shortly after semester break, the conven- tion included representatives from eleven other colleges and universities. For the first time in Notre Dame ' s his- tory, one of its own members, sophomore Wayne Kroe- ger, was elected to the Federation ' s executive board. As further evidence of " liberal " trends, the YDs this year added about thirty St. Mary ' s members. The club exposed the students to national speakers and issues while calling for more active involvement in the local level of government. The Young Republicans, led by senior chairman Mike Schaefer, also went beyond normal campus club activities to better fulfill their objective of acquainting students with the fact that politics is action, getting out ORGANIZATIONS POLITICAL CLUBS and getting things done by providing for individual parts in the political process. In addition, the club dis- cussed issues and personalitie s in meetings and through Thrust, a monthly essay-type newsletter. Num- bering over 200, the Young Republicans also included fifty St. Mary ' s girls as full members for the first time. YRs seated about twenty-five out of 1200 delegates at the thirteen state Midwest College Republican Conven- tion in Chicago in late April. The annual three day work- shop included siminars on techniques for running in- dividual clubs and for organizing campaigns in coordi- nation with the " senior party " for which the YRs serve as a ready reserve for local and national action. With only thirty-one undergraduate members, the Americans for Democratic Action chapter on campus had two goals this year: individual action and group ef- fort to broaden the campus political atmosphere. Col- lectively, the group sponsored a series of lectures fea- turing Frs. Peter O ' Reilly and Kenneth Berrigan. Indi- vidually, members were active in the other spheres of student activity including the academic commission, the hall governments, the Honor Council, and several hall judicial review boards. In an effort to make the campus sympathetic to liberal ideas, the ADA worked with the Action Student Party and other political clubs for more liberal campus attitudes. Often, this involved picketing and protest. The work of the ADA off campus was less involved with students. In South Bend, the members tried to stir up a migrant workers organization to involve the work- ers themselves in the administration of the poverty pro- gram. The ADA, however, did not go farther than the picketing with the migrant workers. On campus, too, they stayed in the background as a group because of what Chic Shoen, ADA president, calls " hostility to the name. " The year-old organization is not a campus polit- ical party, and seemed to be left out of the second semester student government elections and the Senate vote on the speaker policy. A liberalized campus atmos- phere about local issues may provide a foundation for the ADA, but it may also limit the organization ' s scope to campus issues and eliminate its national concerns. 135 Opposite, right, the Business Administration Council officers, T. Cholis, Dennis Hogerty, George Crumley. Opposite, left, the Science Advisor Council, J. Snyder, A. Golichowski, J. Moriarty, D. Lynch, R. Wieland, P. O ' Dea, W. Morris, Top, AB. Advisory Council members, T. Butler, chairman, T. Brislin, R. Redmond, D. Koob, S. Feldhaus, J. Olsen, J. Sibley, F. Mahoney, J. Wha- len, J. Keyes. Above, the J.E.C. officers, G. Morrow, J. Pope, E. Stuart, R. Burnikel, chairman, G. Lewis, M. Mcguire. 136 ORGANIZATIONS ADVISORY COUNCILS U nder Dr. Emil T. Hofman, the Science Advisory Council brings together the presidents of the science clubs and the editor of the Science Quarterly to work for the College of Science in arranging student activi- ties. They organized the " Challenges in Science " series, one of the top undergraduate lecture series in the na- tion, bringing Linus Pauling, Edward Teller, and Albert Crewe, head of the Argonne National Laboratory, to campus this year. The council ran a student science fair in April, and provided advisers and tutors for freshmen science majors. The Science Council was given a larger role this year in evaluation of science courses and sug- gestions for curriculum changes. It serves the College of Science as an easily accessible source of student re- action and is instrumental in student-faculty relation- ships. Larger than the Science Council is the Joint Engineer- ing Council, whose eighteen members coordinate the activities of the engineering fraternities and societies. Besides running an inter-departmental basketball league, the J.E.C. held the annual Engineering Open House this year during Junior Parent Weekend. In addi- tion, it honored an outstanding sophomore and a junior with the " Engineer of the Year " award, and sponsored several lectures by noted engineers and professors. The Business Administration Council consists of the presidents and representatives of the business clubs on campus the Finance, Marketing, and Management clubs, the two honor fraternities, the Commerce Forum, and the Business Review. The council presented a joint request for money for all these clubs to the Student Government in the fall and coordinated the activities of the clubs throughout the year. The Young Presidents Organization, sponsored by the B.A.C., held a panel discussion of corporation presidents in February. Since the council ' s faculty adviser is an assistant dean of the Business College, the council is often a sounding board for new ideas and is an easy way for the faculty to estimate student reaction. The Arts and Letters Advisory Council differs from the other advisory councils in that it is not limited in its membership to presidents and representatives from the academic clubs and fraternities. Rather, the twelve members were chosen from applicants last year on the basis of interest, academic average, and ability. The role of the council is likewise different. More autono- mous than the other councils, it is more of an evalua- tive body. The major projects of the A.B. council this year included an evaluation of the Committee on Aca- demic Progress, a series of sophomore activities to re- place the sophomore interview, and a course and teacher evaluation published in conjunction with the stu- dent government. Though the council was independent of the College of Arts and Letters, it was important in helping administer several adviser programs for sopho- mores and was mainly involved with sophomores through the year. 137 138 N early every department of the Engineering College sponsors a local chapter of a national honor fraternity. Membership is usually limited to the top fraction of the junior and senior undergraduates. The fraternities are academic and limit their social activities to the ini- tiation of new members, bi-monthly or monthly meet- ings and an annual banquet. Tau Beta Pi encompasses all the departments and is the oldest and largest of the national fraternities. At Notre Dame, the twenty-five engineers who are mem- bers are active outside the fraternity, tutoring fresh- men engineers before all math and physics exams. Many of the members are seniors, since only the top eighth of the junior class is eligible, and no more than three candidates are accepted. New members are honored twice a year at a formal initiation. The other honor fraternities, limited to specific en- gineering majors, are smaller but still involve rigorous standards for acceptance. Chi Epsilon in civil engineer- ing, Eta Kappa Nu in electrical, Pi Tau Sigma in me- chanical and Alpha Sigma Mu in metallurgy limit their membership to the top quarter of the engineering school as a whole, meaning stricter limits for the partic- ular major. The value of the honorary fraternity in engi- neering is to provide a formal recognition of the out- standing students and to bring them together with other students of their discipline. The national aspect of the honor fraternity brings Notre Dame engineers closer to students of other engineering colleges as well as professional engineers in their career choice. ORGANIZATIONS HONOR FRATERNITIES Opposite, above, Pi Tau Sigma Officers, A. Byrne, N. Stuart, G. Morrow, president, and R. Burnikel. Opposite, below, Eta Kappa Nu members, I. Quinones, W. Stallings, president, A. Metrailer, D. Springer, D. Moran, and W. Rodgers. Bottom, Chi Epsilon officers, B. Morgan, R. Liberwirth, J. Pavpni and L. Yu, president. Below, officers of Alpha Sigma Mu, E. Bagchi, R. Rusnak, and R. Kallisam. 139 HONOR FRATERNITIES Jpha Epsilon Delta, the local chapter of the national pre-med honor fraternity, is probably the most active honor fraternity on campus. With 55 members, it is also one of the largest. Besides the traditional initiation program and the annual banquet, Alpha Epsilon Delta sponsored an extensive freshman adviser program in each freshman hall and had local specialists in medi- cine speak at the monthly meetings. The fraternity often visited St. Joseph ' s hospital in South Bend and in the second semester went to the Northwestern Medical School. Like the engineering fraternities, its require- ments were academic. Membership, however, was not limited in size and depended on a minimum 3.0 science and cumulative average and an interview. The Business College has two honoraries, Beta Gam- ma Sigma for all business students and Beta Alpha Psi in accounting. Beta Gamma Sigma is the strictest in re- quirements of any fraternity, since only the top ten percent of the seniors and four percent of the juniors are eligible. The activities are limited to informal social meetings between faculty and students and the usual fraternal traditions. The accounting fraternity, however, is wider in scope with more than fifty members and held frequent meetings and several field trips to local in- dustries and insurance firms. Acceptance into an hon or fraternity reflects superior academic achievement and provides useful information for further study and financial aid as well as profes- sional career help. But there are numerous other organ- izations in the Science, Engineering and Business col- leges that do the same for all the undergraduate stu- dents. Several, such as the local chapters of the Chemi- cal Society, the Institute of American Engineers, the Aesculpian Club, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and the Institute of Electrical and Electron- ics Engineers are nationally affiliated. 140 Opposite, above, Tau Beta Pi officers, E. Shaw, R. Burnikel, J. Walsh, S. Bender, and L. lacovo, presi- dent. Opposite, left, Beta Gamma Sigma officers, B. Hodgson, K. Morrison, J. Anderson, president, and J. Davis. Above, officers of Beta Alpha Psi, B. Dielmann, B. Brown, P. Stinger, president, Prof. Slowey, and K. Morrison. Left, Alpha Epsi- lon Delta officers, J. Alston, T. Carrigan, P. O ' Dea, president, F. Ferlic, and J. Zone. 141 K OF C ith 1100 alumni, the Knight of Columbus claim to have the " oldest and largest " college council. But the Knights spent the year rebuilding. With campus mem- bership down to 130, the council lacked the manpower to do many of their planned activities. A recruiting drive in November added fifty freshmen, and membership climbed to more than 200. Running the St. Peter Claver House for underpriv- ileged children in South Bend, supplying the large Wel- come sign at the circle for home football games and sponsoring a lecture series for the second year were among the council activities. Members also helped sup- port the Gibault Home for Boys in Terre Haute and babysat for faculty members. Not purely a service organization, however, fraternal activities such as communion breakfasts, smokers, parties and movies dominated the council. Bi-weekly meetings were held in the K. of C. chambers in the base- ment of Walsh Hall, which were generally open to mem- bers for watching television. 142 In October, YCS launched the " Christian Activist, " and, although the magazine gradually separated itself from the organization, the title represented what the Young Christian Students were striving for this year. Last year, discussion groups dominated the YCS calen- dar. In an attempt to change this, president Bill Reish- man organized the large group into several units con- ducive to action. YCS now is set up in individual groups of from eight to ten members, but the number of groups and their goals constantly change. Bob Brown, group coordinator, organized general meetings to evaluate group activity every six weeks. YCS attempted to aid freshmen in Breen-Phillips hall to develop a sense of what Bill Reishman calls a " questioning of Christianity " by leading extensive dis- cussion and questioning sessions. In the area of civil rights education, one group tried to evaluate the exte nt, if any, of " latent racism " on campus. And one group worked in the hall " ghettos " of international students to try, with the ISO, to integrate the individual. ORGANIZATIONS YCS Opposite, K. of C. officers, standing, Bill Meyers, Bob Nofi, Tkn Longstreth, Pat Michaels, Denny O ' Meara and Rich Porach; sitting, Bill Brown, Deputy Grand Knight, Mike Ralyea, Grand Knight, and Dick Cummings. Above, Bill Siska, Dave Annis, Bill Dwyer, Bob Browne and Bob Prellwitz at YCS group leader meeting. Left, YCS officers Bob Browne, Bill Reishman, chairman, and Tom Gogan. 143 SERVICE BLUE CIRCLE People served by the Blue Circle range from girl scouts to college presidents. Somewhere in between, and of primary importance, are Notre Dame students, who receive most of the attention of Circle projects. More than anything else in its forty year history, the role of the Circle as innovator has dominated. Originally a booster organization, the service group was the first of its kind on campus and stayed in the background of almost all student activities. But in 1951, the Circle began a primitive form of student government, a sub- sidiary which has since dominated the management of student activities. The concept of an honor council was first implemented by the Blue Circle in 1963, and this too has become an independent service organization. Tutoring was also originally a Circle activity, until a government grant demanded larger participation. Con- tinuing its traditional activities, the Circle this year started several new functions. One of the most worthwhile activities of the Circle is its work with freshmen. Nearly all members partici- pate in one of the four standing committees concerned with freshmen which run fall orientation and the fresh- man advisers program. Most of the work, done in the first semester, was in conjunction with the Hall Life Committee of Student Government. Other committees take care of ushering at university functions, tours for campus visitors, the annual student trip, and pep rallys. Off campus, a committee extended " Help Week " service for local charitable organizations to weekends throughout the year, including the fall clean-up of a tuberculosis camp on the St. Joseph River. A large conference on the role of the student in the community which was to be a joint Student Govern- ment-Blue Circle project, was postponed until next year because of lack of money. But a plan to bring first-year foreign students to present students ' homes before starting classes seemed a promising proposal. More than a service organization and a creator of other service organizations, the Blue Circle is also a fraternal organization. Membership is limited to about fifty students, chosen in a series of interviews. Although a requirement on cumulative average was eliminated this year, membership policy remained the same. The membership committee searches for the student with the same " common denominator " as people in the Circle not necessarily the all around student but the one interested in service first, and fraternal considera- tions second. The service aspects offer much satisfac- tion for the work done, and the role as innovator in university development attracts many applicants. To the extent that the Circle kept busy with activi- ties, it was both efficient and dependable. The weekly meetings, however were at first dominated by the iden- tity crisis which for several years has questioned the purpose and importance of the group. Long identifica- tion with the student government it initiated led to some bitterness in the final separation, and only this year, with several members in cabinet position, did the Circle make a concerted effort at establishing full co- operation with student government. Some Circle mem- bers questioned the dependence on the Administration, under whom most projects were established, and almost every implication of the official title, Blue Circle Honor Society, came under scrutiny. The strength of the Circle was in the individuals who carried out su ggested projects, and the major prob- lem was to coordinate the ambition and outlooks of fifty members. Determined to avoid the factions that grew up last year, Chairman Paul McConville banned introspection from the meetings and tried in several ways to " return to the old group spirit. " But few of the members had experienced that spirit, and in the second semester an attendence regulation attempted to strengthen the group structurally. What is seen by many students as a competition among service organizations CILA on campus, YCS, Tutoring, and Student Government with the Blue Circle is really competition only for the student ' s time. The Circle willingly gave up its honor council and tutoring activities when it became apparent they would be more efficient as autonomous organizations. And it cannot hope to organize and support activities on the scale of Student Government. The Circle has turned away from administrating and large-scale organizing, but it must now make the opportunities remaining to it as chal- lenging and satisfying for its members as possible. 144 Opposite, Hank Topper, Usher- ing Committee chairman at a weekly Circle meeting. Below, Paul McConville, Blue Circle Chairman, Thomas Madden, Vice chairman, and John Dempsey, Secretary-Treasurer. 145 SERVICE HONOR COUNCIL I pledge honesty in all my academic work and will not tolerate dishonesty in my fellow students. " A one- sentence commitment to honesty, the Student Honor Concept embodies the desire of thirty-five men to elimi- nate their work. The concept ' s corrective aspect is administered by the honor council. A student is seen cheating and accused. After an investigation of the case, the student makes his plea to a hearing board. If he pleads guilty, he will probably fail the course; he pleads innocent, but is found guilty at his honor trial, and the student is suspended from the university. A second violation will bring expulsion. But enforcement is secondary to the council ' s at- tempt to promote the basic integrity assumed by the concept. " Only through personal contact, " said council chairman Jack Balinsky, " can long-standing attitudes be changed and acceptance of the honor concept be gained. " Publicity of council activitiy and close relations with students and faculty was the emphasis of the coun- cil ' s work this year. At freshman orientation, a compre- hensive booklet aimed responsibility directly at the student. To encourage faculty understanding of the requirements of an effective honor concept, a council member was assigned to each department. The English department responded with an explanatory statement on plagiarism. In the honor council, the students retain the respon- sibility for the correction of dishonesty, but in the council ' s fourth year, the elimination of legalism as motivation for academic honesty was not yet achieved. Top, Jack Balinsky, council chrirman. Above, Brian McCarthy, Bob Sullivan, Jack Balinsky, and Mike Anderson discuss a case. Opposite, L. Pignatelli, J. Alzamora, M. Kuka, M. Jordan, R. Sutliff, L. Gooder, C. Frangimore, M. Moravec, D. Kevin, B. Sullivan, R. Blum, J. Balinsky, T. Shean, J. Byrne, J. Austin, M. Jeddeloh, P. Casey, R. McFadden, C. Shoen, T. Vos, M. Sullivan, R. Kelly, J. Phillips, T. Wills, P. Forgach, B. Walsh, and J. Wysoglad. 146 147 Right, Kay Morrin and Diane Jones at the Broadway Church in South Bend. Below, Frank Manning and Robert Lee. Op- posite, above, Don Graham and Larry Warren. Each pair meets once a week at the center for an hour. Opposite, below, Francie Russell, and Carol Chamberlain, after the meeting. 148 SERVICE TUTORING Oouth Bend, a city of 136,000, has an alarming drop- out problem. From 1963 to 1964 the dropout rate in- creased 83% compared to an influx of students of less than 46%. The Neighborhood Study Help Program is aimed directly at the 70% of the dropouts with mental ability either average or above average, since studies by the community school board show that lack of moti- vation is the primary problem. Hoping to begin a solution, the NSHP came into exis- tence in November, 1963, when twelve volunteer tutors and twelve pupils met in the First A.M.E. Zion Church. Since then the program, subsidized by an $83,000 fed- eral grant through the Office of Economic Opportunity, has expanded to twenty centers serving over 600 under- achieving children. The basic aim of the program is still the same. The tutor tries to inspire the tutee with a motivation for success, self-confidence, and competitive spirit as well as to provide academic assistance in the areas in which he is having difficulty. This tutor-tutee relationship is indeed " the core of the program " in the words of Mr. Isaiah Jackson, program president. Thus the program is based on individual commitment and yet it is still clearly a community effort since tutors come from Notre Dame, St. Mary ' s, Holy Cross, Indiana University Extension, Temple Beth-El, and local high schools. Tutees come from South Bend grade and high schools. Ray Novaco, chairman of the activities committee, and John Niemitz, campus coordinator, are among the program leaders who provide the driving force behind the ND end of the program. The individual tutor, giving his most valued possessions himself and his time finds compensation in even the slightest improvement. Summing up the basics of the program, one said, " I want to give to these kids, and I find that I get so very much from them. They really want help, and we get a great deal of satisfaction from it. " 149 Opposite, Tony Hooper, Craig O ' Connor, Rich Blumberg and John Bish- kp in Peru. Below, CILA officers: Tony Hooper, secretary, Joan Claffey, vice-chairman, Bill Schickel, chairman and Bill Toms, treasurer. SERVICE CILA f man of high moral standards will need people to whom he can do good, " mentions Aristotle in his Ethics. Six years ago a group of Notre Dame men sharing this need and adding the higher motivation of their Chris- tianity, felt that some positive action was necessary. Coincidentally, the Peace Corps was just a glint in its father ' s eye at about the same time. Unlike the Peace Corps, however, the Notre Dame group acted not out of, but simply without, administrative impetus. The Council for the International Lay Apostolate was founded by students who felt the need to serve could best be satisfied on a very personal level. CILA summer projects are the actualization of this belief. Not elaborate or earthshaking, they are success- ful in their simplicity the simplicity of one man help- ing another. Yet their success can be measured in more tangible terms than self-satisfaction. CILA has been asked to return to every project it has undertaken. This year marks the sixth consecutive trip of volunteers to the original projects in Mexico and Peru. At the newer CILA ventures, projects ranging from Spanish Harlem to Col- orado to Bogota, Colombia, the response has been the same. Under the moderation of Father Ernest Bartell, C.S.C., who has been with the group from the beginning, CILA is constantly considering invitations to establish new projects. Under consideration are a slum district of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania and the island of Domini- que in the Caribbean. The various CILA projects are basically the same. A small group of two to about ten Notre Dame and St. Mary ' s students spend two months of their summer va- cations living and working with families in the location they have chosen. St. Mary ' s girls, only modestly in- volved in the past years, are expected to play a more prominent role in this year ' s projects, numbering ten of the. seventy-five CILA members. 150 151 SERVICE CILA Last summer the nine men in Mexico worked in two small towns. Pre-med majors Dave Ward and Ted Stran- sky gained particularly valuable experience working with a doctor in Tacambaro, 250 miles west of Mexico City and 5,500 feet high in the mountains. Three-fifths of the children suffered from intestinal infection and re- sulting malnutrition, which in most cases could be pre- vented by teaching the people to overcome superstitions about cleanliness and sanitation. Other members in Mexico helped rebuild a school in nearby San Lucas, constructing a kitchen and dining hall from scratch within two months. In Peru, three-man groups led by Dave Paul, Dan Scott, and Kevin Healy concentrated on teaching basic health practices, hospital work, and construction. Ken Brown, Bill Matturro, and three St. Mary ' s girls tried to apply their Spanish and sociology studies at the Universidad Javariana to social work in the slums of Bogota, Colombia. In Spanish Harlem, Rich Herrington and Andre Pap- antonio worked with ex-gangleader Joe Cruz in estab- lishing tutoring and recreational programs for the frus- trated youth of " The Block " on East 100th Street, so called because a few years ago it had the highest incidence of gang fighting and crime in America. The enemy in Latin America is ignorance, sickness and poverty; in Colorado, lack of opportunity; in Harlem, apathy. In all cases the weapon is the same concern: on all CILA projects the emphasis is not " doing for " but " doing with. " 152 Opposite, left, born in Tacambaro, Chile, the baby was delivered by Dr. Herrera and CILA members Ted Stransky and Dave Ward. Opposite, right, an assistant cuts the umbilical cord. Above, it was necessary for Dave Ward to give immediate mouth-to-mouth respiration. Left, Ted Stransky and Rich Blumberg give oxygen to the hours-old baby, which died five days later. 153 TWIN ARENAS: CENTRAL COMPLEX FOR ATHLETICS I he return of National Championship football that began with the advent of Ara Parseghian in 1964 reaffirmed the dominant role that athletics plays in the life of Notre Dame. Indeed, the tradition and accomplishments of football have earned the sport the central position in athletics at Notre Dame. Nevertheless, the predominance of football has never been a de- triment to the other sports, but, on the contrary, football has gained increasing respect for the image of athletics and for all teams known as the Fighting Irish. The Notre Dame athletic ideal demands achievement in all twenty varsity, club, and inter- hall sports, and seeks enthusiastic student support for all teams that represent the univer- sity. The realization of this ideal has many requirements. Perhaps the most important is stu- dent spirit, and this, as even Sports Illustrated maintains, has never been a problem. Another prerequisite is determination on the part of the athletes, a determination which must spring, to a large extent, from pride in the total accomplishments of the University. But the physical surroundings in which they play, the facilities which are at their disposal, are factors in the enthusiasm and the ability which these teams display. Football has not, in recent years, been concerned with any lack of facilities. But the rapid growth of the ath- letic program in the last decade has outdistanced the existing facilities for many sports and brought about a vast athletic redevelopment pro- gram to alleviate this necessity and provide for future growth. The symbol of outdated existing facilities for many sports is the field house. Built in 1899, and for many years an adequate home for indoor ath- letics, the tradition-bound edifice, after three quarters of a century, has become substantially obsolete. Despite its idyllic past, a permanent air of mustiness lingers in the field house. The light- ing is inadequate, and, as the Michigan State and Houston basketball games in early February of 1967 indicated, the old building cannot comfort- ably hold the crowds that flock to see winning teams. Facilities have long been inadequate for the central operation of almost a score of varsity and club sports, an extensive intramural program, and freshman physical education classes. The hundreds of records that have been broken and set and the star athletes who have played and practiced under the old " air- plane-hangar " roof will guarantee the field house a prime place in Notre Dame athletic tradi- tion, regardless of its physical fate. Nonetheless, in recent years, this building has been an obstacle to the progress of Notre Dame ' s growing athletic program. Varsity basketball has probably suffered most from the inadequacies of the field house. The limited seating capacity does not attract students to the games, and many major teams, HOCKEY-VARSITY IN 1968 SUCCESSOR TO A 68 YEAR-OLD FIELDHOUSE i 156 such as UCLA, refuse to play in it. It is doubtful whether prospective freshman players have been enticed by the opportunity of playing there, and it has been years since the field house has been any sort of incentive to the varsity. The building has also hindered effective indoor practice for the baseball team. A cramped area in the west half of the field house has led to stray balls and many bruised limbs, jammed fingers, and headaches. Fencing, boxing, track, and several other sports have also been confined to the antiquated building. Since the early 1960 ' s, hockey has been increasing in participation and following at Notre Dame, and the Irish pucksters have risen in stature in Midwestern college hoc- key. Over 3,000 people attended each game of the first annual Notre Dame Invitational Hockey Tournament in December of 1966 and only one Ohio State goal robbed the Irish of the Championship. Yet Notre Dame played only four home games in a heavy 1966-67 schedule, all at Howard Park Ice Rink downtown. In fact, since Howard Park was not open till the season started, the squad was forced to practice in Fort Wayne. Many other club sports have been relatively homeless, with no official center of administration and orga- nization. Some of these, chiefly rugby, wish to retain their autonomy. Nevertheless, a central office would be a welcome boost and would in no way restrict their independence. The answer to these problems, all of which have bearing on the realization of the uni- versity ' s athletic ideal, should be found in the completion of the Challenge ll-supported Athletic and Convocation Center. The 700-foot long structure, to be completed for the opening game of the 1968-69 basketball season, will provide facilities for all varsity, club, and intramural athletics as well as community events. The center will be divided into three main areas. The basketball and convocation arena will contain the main basketball court and a seating capacity of 12,500. The track and field arena, the northern half of the twin domed building, will house a ten lap indoor track and an ice rink for hockey and recrea- tional use. The north dome will also have facilities for indoor baseball, tennis, and golf practice. The connecting center complex will consist of the main lobby, offices, and a Monogram Club trophy room. Various smaller gyms and courts will be scattered liberally throughout the building. The total picture promises a complete and self-sufficient center for all Notre Dame ath- letics. Those sports which do not play in the building will at least have locker, administra- tion, and perhaps practice facilities. The physical benefits which will be injected into the athletic program at Notre Dame need little elaboration. Basketball, swimming, wrestling, track, and other varsity sports will have the means to achieve greater stature within and outside the university; hockey will perhaps lead the club sports in gaining more propor- tionate recognition, or even varsity status if desired. The facilities for intramurals, phys- ical education, and pure recreation will benefit the student body as a whole. Perhaps the most important advantage of the new center is less obvious at first. After decades of gradual decentralization, athletics at Notre Dame will be geographically unified. Administration and facilities scattered through Rockne Memorial, the field house, the sta- dium, and the basement of Breen-Phillips will finally be brought together. Such diverse sports as golf, rugby, and Bengal Bouts will have a common center of operation, and var- sity athletes and everyday students will play under the same long roof. The psychological and symbolic value of such a unity will be of tremendous aid in attaining the ultimate goals of university athletics. FACILITIES HAVE BECOME INADEQUATE FOR THE OPERATION OF A SCORE OF SPORTS 157 ATHLETICS STUDENT SPORTS aura of athletic success that surrounds the words " Notre Dame " extends beyond varsity and club endeav- ors. Walking to dinner on fall evenings, students must often dodge misdirected footballs or frisbees. Handball and basketball enthusiasts expect a wait before using the courts at the Rock. Pool and table tennis addicts are among the last to leave LaFortune on weeknights, and : notwithstanding these private activities, almost one half of the student body participate in organized inter- hall sports. A survey of 1965-66 reported 2,610 under- graduates playing intramurals, with over half of those participating in more than one sport. Hall interest ranged from sixteen per cent in Fisher to ninety per cent in Cavanaugh. Basketball, softball, and football (touch and tackle) consistently attract the largest numbers, but baseball, track, and novice boxing each draw at least 150. Hand- ball, golf, and fencing are also among the fourteen sports offered. Internal! football best exemplifies the organization and facilities of the program. All teams are provided with full equipment, and most practice daily. At least one or two exceptional teams, such as the undefeated Morrissey-Lyons squad of 1966, are pro- duced each year. Whether interhall or private, student athletics at Notre Dame combat the traditional college " Out-of- Shape " syndrome. They may relieve tension or the pres- sures of study; even the psychological designation as an outlet for aggression is sometimes applicable. But, in the final analysis, simple love of the sport is the moti- vation for most. 158 - ' -iW-i- ' ! __ ' -X - " -?-_ . ' -- ,j .. 159 160 I he National Football Championship might be enough to satisfy even Notre Dame for one season. But on February 11, the old field house trembled as violently as old-timers could remember when 2000 screaming students swarmed on to the court to congratulate an almost all-rookie basketball squad who had just upset the nation ' s number five team. And when the super- talented fencing team put Buffalo and Case Tech to the sword on March 4, they defeated their last two oppo- nents against no losses for the season and began sharpening up for a national championship. Such ac- complishments were reinforced by the impressive efforts of varsity track, cross country, swimming, wrestling, baseball, tennis, and golf. The undefeated season for fencing was the first since 1958, and track produced perhaps its best overall team in Coach Wilson ' s long experience. Both swimming and basketball showed marked combacks over the previous season, and both attained the preseason goal of an over .500 record. That football does not stand alone in its glory is proven conclusively by the overall varsity totals of well over sixty wins, only about about half that in losses, and of course the unforgettable tie. This remarkable record, undoubtedly one of the finest in Notre Dame ' s long athletic history, raises hopes for a still greater varsity program in seasons to come. Large contigents of first and second year men backed up the efforts of the graduating athletes. This was, in fact, the " year of the sophomores " particularly in foot- ball, track, and basketball, but to a degree in all varsity sports. Names like Gladieux, Arnzen, Fox, Broderick, Hanratty, Kurd, Whitmore, Seymour, Skarstein, Murphy, and O ' Brien effectively verify that. Other sports, espe- cially fencing, were dependent on large junior elements. Graduation will seriously deplete very few teams; track and basketball will lose only 10 men of a combined total of 60. Individual losses are admittedly sometimes considerable, football the obvious example; neverthe- less, the returning strength is certainly encouraging. If the ideals represented by the Athletic and Convoca- tion Center are to be meaningful, there must be out- standing athletes to make them real. And, as the skele- ton of the new center takes shape on the far east corner of the campus, the varsity sports seem to be developing for a grand entrance into their new home. For example, the basketball team that surprised every- one this year will be in its prime when it meets UCLA. Achievement in the present and optimism for subse- quent seasons, have brought the varsity athletic pro- gram a new vitality. More importantly, they have brought an increasing balance, which new facilities and con- tinued competent participation will further sustain. ATHLETICS VARSITY 161 PURDUE AND NORTHWESTERN 162 Purdue fell first, before a sell-out home crowd and a nation-wide TV audience via ABC color coverage. Eight big wins and a breath-stopping tie on the succeeding Saturdays gave the 1966 Irish their long sought after national football championship. Pre-season doubts about the offensive strength of Coach Ara Parseghian ' s third Notre Dame team were dispelled by the debut of sophomores Terry Hanratty and Jim Seymour, as the Irish downed Purdue 26-14. Quarterback Hanratty and split end Seymour combined for 276 passing yards, two all-time ND records, and three touchdowns. After Purdue ' s gift score on a recovered fumble, senior halfback Nick Eddy sparked the Irish with a 97- yard kickoff return, a run that epitomized the Eddy im- age throughout the season. The resulting offensive mo- mentum lasted until the final whistle. Equally impres- sive was the crushing defense that thwarted Purdue ' s running attack and held vaunted quarterback Bob Griese to a lower pass-completion average than Han- ratty ' s. Captain Jim Lynch led the defense with 17 tackles, while Duranko, Page, Hardy and Pergine had multiple tackles and assists. Only five-point favorites, the Fighting Irish impressed the nation and Jack Mollenkopf ' s Boilermakers, who went on to win a Rose Bowl berth. An enthusiastic Ara ' s Army and the new St. Mary ' s cheering section roared the student approval. An unofficial student trip followed the team to Evans- ton the following weekend to watch the Wildcats crumble 35-7 before the Irish attack. Only a fluke Northwestern touchdown late in the fourth quarter spoiled an almost perfect Irish victory. Fullback Larry Conjar drove over a goal-line mountain of flesh for six points, setting a pattern for many future scores. Eddy executed another spectacular touchdown run, and halfback Bob Bleier followed effective blocking for another stand-up score. Several quick-across-the-middle passes to Bleier and a diving catch by end Brian Stenger indicated breadth on the receiving end of Hanratty ' s passes, while Sey- mour trampled all doubts of his consistency into 141 yards of Evanston turf. Hanratty displayed his talent for calling plays and confirmed his ability to carry them out, with a second 60 per-cent plus passing mark. Safety Tom Schoen proved a worthy successor to Nick Rassas with two touchdowns. The first, a punt return, was called back on a penalty, but he later scored again with an intercepted pass. The cheering which greeted every Irish score reached a peak when sophomore Coley O ' Brien piloted the re- serve offense to a final touchdown. The team returned to South Bend rated third in the nation, and the stu- dents, after a Saturday night in Chicago, prepared to welcome the cadets of Army, a surprisingly strong team rated Number 1 in the East. m Opposite, in a play that scored many points for the Irish, quar- terback Terry Hanratty anxiously watches Larry Conjar carry his handoff through Northwestern ' s ineffective goal line stand. Above, junior defensive back Tom O ' Leary latches on to a Boiler- maker receiver, limiting the effect of one of Bob Griese ' s few completed passes. Right, Joe Azzaro caps the second team ' s first score of the season, against Northwestern, with an extra point. Coley O ' Brien holds as reserve men Gerry Kelly, Mike Bars, and Bob Kuechenberg protect Azzaro ' s effort. 163 VARSITY FOOTBALL ARMY AND NORTH CAROLINA r rmy arrived in South Bend with an unblemished de- fense, but before halftime the Irish broke the cadet charm by five touchdowns, for a 35-0 runaway victory. Newly dubbed the " Kiddie Korps " by the Chicago Sun- Times, Hanratty and Seymour registered again with a 33- yard pass play. Bleier and Hanratty each carried for scores in the first period, and Eddy dominated the second quarter with a pair of three-yard touchdown plunges. Joe Azzaro ' s reliable toe added extra points to all five scores. The conclusive halftime lead gave the coaching staff the chance to test the reserve against an undespairing Army team. Led by O ' Brien, and Bob Belden for one play, the offense could not penetrate Army lines sufficiently, but the reserve defense, bolstered by starters Page. Pergine, and linebacker Mike McGill, successfully turned back repeated cadet attacks. The valuable experience for the second-string team contributed to the depth greatly needed later in the season. Much of the excitement in the scoreless second half came from the stands, where Notre Dame and St. Mary ' s students jeered each other to a draw in the first of sev- eral battles throughout the season. To the cadets went the consolation of St. Mary ' s dates for the post-game parties or the Righteous Brothers concert. After a slow start against North Carolina a week later, the team rallied to a 32-0 win. Notre Dame failed twice to gain first downs, but after an unsuccessful Tarheel field goal attempt, the Irish rolled again. Conjar drove for a first down, Don Gmitter pulled down a high pass for 16 yards, and Conjar and Eddy carried alternately down- field until Conjar piled over from the 1 for the first score. The Tarheels double-teamed Seymour, but left him open for one play; a resulting 56-yard touchdown pass ended pre-game concern over a pulled muscle in Hanratty ' s throwing arm. Another fantastic run by Eddy left mysti- fied Tarheel defenders strewn along a 52-yard path. The noticably improved reserve clicked, and sophomore halfback Gladieux scored with an O ' Brien handoff. The North Carolina game ball was awarded to offen- sive tackle Paul Seller, and a similar honor for center George Goeddeke recognized the underpraised efforts of an offensive line that enabled the team to become one of the nation ' s scoring leaders. With an offensive average of 440 yards per game, the Irish departed for Norman, Oklahoma to renew an old rivalry. 164 Opposite, in a pocket cleared by a faithful offensive line, quarterback Terry Hanratty throws for his favorite receiver. Left, before a helpless Army defender with a familiar number 85, record-breaking split end Jim Seymour gracefully grasps Hanratty ' s pass. Below, a jubilant crowd and a self-appointed leprechaun applaud a 33-yard touchdown play by the " super sophs " and a pattern that helped carry the Fighting Irish to a national title. 165 VARSITY FOOTBALL OKLAHOMA AND NAVY Below, right, also a reliable runner, halfback Bob Bleier was utilized effectively for short passes. Here he snatches a high Hanratty pass for a short gain against Oklahoma. Below, left, a Navy defender bears a heavy load in fullback Larry Conjar, who carried consistently in drives inside the 20. Opposite, Var- sity football captain Jim Lynch intently follows the Irish offen- sive against the Sooners. Throughout the season, the All- American linebacker led a mighty defense in tackles (with an average of 11 per game). Lynch ' s play-reading ability was largely responsible for Notre Dame ' s defensive success. 166 Opray paint on the sidewalks of Oklahoma ' s campus ordered " Get Notre Dame, " and the whispered fear in South Bend was " They ' re small, but they ' re quick. " The Sooners were undefeated and ranked Number 10, but Notre Dame ' s third consecutive shutout 38-0 con- firmed a Number 1 rating for the Fighting Irish and a Time cover story for " The Power of Talent and Team- work. " Oklahoma gave the expected tough fight in the first quarter. Each team controlled the ball three times and each failed to score, with an interception by Lynch the only point of encouragement. But the Irish led 17-0 at the end of the second period, after Eddy and Hanratty each scored on two-yard end runs and Azzaro added a field goal. On the last pass play of the short drive ending in Azzaro ' s kick, Seymour, leaping in the end zone for a pass he never caught, was smashed by a Sooner tackier. Back on campus, students groaned at reports of a sprained ankle that would keep the star end out of two games. The Irish picked up a quick 21 points in the third quarter, with Eddy and Bleier each scoring once. McGill thwarted a Sooner punt attempt to give Notre Dame the ball on Oklahoma ' s 12, and O ' Brien led the second team in for the final score of the rout. Deficiency at split end, with sophomores Seymour, Paul Snow, and Curt Heneghan out of action, minimized the Irish passing attack for the Navy and Pitt games. In the two weeks, Notre Dame ' s total passing gain was 168 yards, compared with 195 in the first half of the Army game. But the games perfected the already reli- able ground attack, and Hanratty improved his running. Some 500 fun-lovers made the 1966 Blue Circle-Stu- dentaire trip to New York for the Navy game, and nearly as many followed independently. Although it was the " Flying Irish " who were billed to sink the Middies at Kennedy Memorial Stadium in Philadelphia, passing was minimal with only 4 completions out of 18 tries, and 2 interceptions. But rushing gains ensured the 31-7 victory. A 35-yard Azzaro field goal was the only Irish score of the first period, but near the end of the quarter Lynch deflected a Middie pass to Pergine and then un- wittingly tackled him on Navy ' s 22. Conjar scored from the 2 on the first play of the second quarter. Pergine later added 2 more interceptions. The lowest halftime lead since Purdue worried stu- dents watching in South Bend from hall lounges, Stepan Center, and Giussepe ' s, but a revived Irish squad put 21 more points on the Scoreboard in the second half. Hanratty scored twice to move toward a team-leading position in that department. The Middies spoiled the shut-out streak only with a blocked punt touchdown: the Irish defense had not been scored upon since Purdue. 167 168 VARSITY FOOTBALL THE SEASON Opposite, above left, he came, he saw, he conquered: Head Coach Ara Parseghian. Opposite, above right, the Irish defense gave Purdue ' s Bob Griese one of the roughest afternoons in his college career. Al Page hits him for one of several losses as Allen Sack (88) rushes to assist. Opposite, below, Notre Dame ' s offensive team averaged 392.5 yards per game. Re-organizing during a time out at the Army game are Don Gmitter (80), Rudy Konieczny (73), Dick Swatland (59), George Goed- ekke (54), Tom R egner (76), and Paul Seller (71). Standing are the " super sophs, " Terry Hanratty and Jim Seymour. Above, left, safety Tom Schoen sprints towards one of his two pass interception-touch- downs against Northwestern. Schoen had seven interceptions for the season. Below, left, personifying Irish depth, Coley O ' Brien replaced an injured Terry Hanratty for three quarters of the MSU game, and went on to tie John Huarte ' s passing record in the Southern Cal victory. Coley speaks to a grateful student body at the championship celebration rally. Below, a familiar number from 1964 to 1966: halfback Nick Eddy, the Number 9 rusher in Notre Dame history. Eddy averaged 7.1 yards per carry in 1966. 169 VARSITY FOOTBALL PITTSBURGH AND DUKE lotre Dame polled increasing numbers of first place votes each week. An October issue of Sports Illustrated featured Terry Hanratty on the cover, and many feared the famous jinx. Pittsburgh tried to provide it. The campus was dec- orated with the signs, floats and displays of a Home- coming weekend, all covered by an early snow that threatened a difficult Saturday for the Fighting Irish. A stunned and shivering Homecoming crowd watched the stubborn Panthers hold the Irish hunters to a 7-0 half- time lead. Before the game ended, halfbacks Eddy, Bleier and May had been injured. Notre Dame ' s single score in that first half came in the second quarter when Hanratty scored after an 80- yard drive. But Pitt had stalled the Irish an incredible seven times, and as the half ended, Number 2 ranked MSU ' s 34-7 halftime lead over Iowa was announced. Fifteen seconds into the second half, Irish ability outlasted Panther spirit. Eddy raced 85 yards with the opening kickoff for six points. Then Indiana State Police Sergeant McCarthy warned the capacity crowd that " drivers who have one for the road may have a police officer for a chaser. " Happiness had returned to Notre Dame stadium, and the Irish went on to a 40-0 win. Lynch grabbed a loose Pitt lateral, and on a second down draw play Eddy ran 51 yards into Notre Dame record books as the tenth greatest all-time ball-carrier with 1.493 yards in 279 carries over three seasons. But a rough tackle on the same play put the senior halfback out of the game with a troublesome shoulder injury. Schoen later returned a punt 63 yards for the half ' s second score; Coniar plunged for the third, and Bob Gladieux scored once with a pass and once on a run. With the end of the season in sight, a new motto emerged at the Duke rally: Veni, vidi, vici. The senior players ' last scheduled appearance at a field house rally preceded their most spectacular appearance in Notre Dame stadium. Enthusiasm thundered from Friday night ' s first cheering pyramid through the last play of Saturday ' s 64-0 offensive explosion. The Blue Devils were at the short end of Notre Dame ' s biggest point spread in 22 years. Before most fans were in their seats, Eddy sprinted untouched for 77 yards for the first of the inconceivable nine touchdowns. It was a day of bad breaks for the Blue Devils and perfect play for the Irish, who rolled up 425 yards, captured the nation ' s scoring lead and played 64 men, including 29 seniors. The Irish punted once. Duke completed five plays before John Horney stole their third pass and scooped it to Tom O ' Leary, who jug- gled the ball all the way to the goal line. Bleier scored twice and Conjar bludgeoned another defensive line for a two-yard touchdown. Hanratty set up the sixth score with a 50-yard run and then passed to a well-healed Seymour to seal the 43-0 halftime lead. An almost ma- tured reserve team played 32 minutes and sent Haley, O ' Brien and Criniti in for scores. Incredulous sports- writers consulted their rosters at the opening of the fourth quarter to learn that senior Hugh O ' Malley was quarterbacking the Irish. The class of ' 67 put on a grand finale, accounting for three interceptions, two recovered fumbles, over 110 yards rushing, and two touchdowns. The Big Four of the 1964 defense Gmitter, Page, Hardy and Regner re-entered the game for one showmanship play. Smiling Al Page waved to a grateful cheering section while Jim Lynch danced an Irish Jig. 170 Opposite, left, defensive end Tom Rhoads attacks a Pitt back as All-American Irishman Alan Page (81), also a defensive end, moves in to assist. Grimacing guard Pete Duranko, another Ail- American, is ready to complete the tackle. Opposite, right, sopho- more halfback Bob Gladieux follows Ail-American offensive guard Tom Regner into a weakening Panther line. Left, on this quarter- back draw play, Eddy covered 51 yards and became the tenth greatest ball-carrier in Notre Dame history. He finished the season as Number 9. Below, while the Duke Blue Devils prepare another ineffective play, a first unit defense which gave up 17 points for the entire season rests briefly. Captain Jim Lynch (61) briefs colleagues: Dave Martin (56), Alan Page (81), Jim Smithberger (25), Kevin Hardy (74), John Pergine (50), Pete Duranko (64), and Tom Rhoads (87). 171 VARSITY FOOTBALL MICHIGAN STATE AND SOUTHERN CAL week of rallies climaxed by the hanging of a Spar- tan in effigy before 5,000 screaming students in the field house prefaced the 1966 Remember Game against Number 2 ranked Michigan State. Hired planes littered the ND and MSU campuses with " demoralizing " propaganda, announcing the " Intercontinental Ballistic Bubba " and the " Ara Force. " Some 500 student-trip- pers and more than a thousand other students traveled to East Lansing for the November 19 battle for the na- tional championship. An inspired comeback by an injury-riddled offense and two interceptions by Tom Schoen were not enough to beat the Spartans. Joe Azzaro ' s long field goal at- tempt, with 4:39 left to play, strayed a few feet to the right, and the " poll bowl " ended in a mute 10-10 draw. Eddy, still troubled by his bruised shoulder, never entered the game. Before the first quarter had ended, MSU end Bubba Smith sidelined Terry Hanratty with a shoulder separation, and two plays later George Goed- ekke limped out with an injured ankle. An understand- ably demoralized defense was surprised by the Spartans twice, for a touchdown and a field goal. But the exten- sive reserve exposure of previous weeks paid off, as Coley O ' Brien, center Tim Monty and halfback Bob Gladieux took over the vacant positions. In quick re- buttal to the Spartan field goal, O ' Brien passed three times for 54 yards. Gladieux caught the third pass on the goal line and stepped in for six points, and Azzaro ' s extra point cut State ' s lead to three points at the half. A revived Irish defense, undoubtedly heartened by the endurance of the offense and adjusted to the Spar- tan ' s style, dominated the second half. John Horney recovered a Spartan fumble on the first play of the half, only to see it lost on Notre Dame ' s first play. But MSU never crossed the Irish 45 in the second half, and as the third quarter ended, O ' Brien guided the team into scoring position. With three seconds of the fourth period gone, Azzaro tied the score with a 28-yard field goal. The scoring ended there, but the last fourteen nerve- wracking minutes were beautiful, if fruitless, football. With Gladieux and Bleier also injured, the withered offense could not capitalize on Schoen ' s two spectacular 172 interceptions. The emptiness which most fans felt at the game ' s end gradually changed to respect for a team and a coaching staff that could overcome the tremendous set-backs the Irish suffered in the game. But Monday brought an unexpected second place rating by the UPI poll, and thousands of Notre Dame students pre- pared arguments in defense of the Associated Press Number 1 rating to carry home for Thanksgiving. Subway alumni, UCLA hecklers, bitter over their loss of the Rose Bowl bid, and Notre Dame students on the senior trip drowned out the Trojan fans in the Los An- geles Colosseum, as the Irish handed bowl-bound South- ern Cal the worst defeat in their history, 51-0. USC threatened only once as Notre Dame amassed 31 first downs, 206 yards rushing and 255 passing. Coley O ' Brien tied John Huarte ' s record of 21 pass comple- tions, and Nick Eddy returned to the line-up, as he and Larry Conjar scored their final touchdowns. Although the score at one time was 17-0, by half- time the Irish had eliminated all fears of a repeat per- formance of the 1964 17-20 loss. Conjar capped an 80- yard march from the opening kickoff with a two-yard thrust, and Schoen carried a pass interception 40 yards down the sideline for a second score. Two O ' Brien-to- Seymour touchdown passes, one for 13 and one for 39 yards, alternated with an Azzaro field goal for the second quarter scoring. Dan Harshman, switched from defensive to offensive back to fill the void left by Bleier and Gladieux, caught a 33-yard pass to start the second half scoring. Eddy closed a 72-yard drive, scampering nine yards to the touchdown. The reserves handled most of the fourth quarter, scoring only on a 33-yard pass interception return by Dave Martin. The Southern Cal rout easily swayed the UPI vote, and Notre Dame became the unchallenged Number 1 team. A final field house ovation by some 4,000 stu- dents welcomed the team on their Monday return from the coast. The spirit and ability of the 1966 Fighting Irish had carried them through an undefeated season to the national championship, and the return to glory begun with the arrival of Ara in 1964 was fulfilled. Opposite, left, quarterback Coley O ' Brien hands off to fullback Larry Conjar against MSU. O ' Brien filled in ably when starter Terry Hanratty was injured in the first quarter. Opposite, right, MSU halfback Clint Jones had a bad day on November 19. Jim Lynch convincingly com- pletes the tackle initiated by Jim Smithberger. Below, Southern Cal threatened to score only once on Thanksgiving weekend. Jim Smith- berger nullified that threat by disrupting two passes inside the 10 yard line. Bottom, John Pergine attacks long-suffering MSU quarter- back Jimmy Raye, whose aborted pass attempt sails groundward. 173 VARSITY FOOTBALL IN RETROSPECT 174 ne of the greatest seasons in Notre Dame ' s history saw dozens of records tied or broken. Nick Eddy grad- uated as the school ' s ninth greatest all-time ball-carrier. Three or more Irishmen, including Eddy, Alan Page, Pete Duranko, Tom Regner, and Capt. Jim Lynch were placed on every All-American team in 1966. Coach Parseghian and his staff produced what was, in every respect, a national championship team. The first unit defense gave up only 17 of the 38 points scored against Notre Dame all season, and the offense averaged over 400 yards gained per game. The Irish scored an average of 36.2 points in every contest and gave up an average of less than 4. Southern Cal was Ara ' s 100th career win, and gave him a 25-3-2 record with the Fighting Irish. But despite records, yardage, and Ail-Americans, the championship team of 1966 was most remarkable for its depth. Repeatedly throughout the season, the re- serves filled gaps under the greatest pressure, and first units displayed constant versatility. Each succeeding game seemed to have its standouts, each pep-rally its favorites. More than in many previous seasons, it was in 1966 truly a team effort, one that enabled Notre Dame students to shout with proven finality: We ' re Number One! on g Ara , m f ets the press in the locker room at South- nnn? ' PPp slte ' above ' eft, the Michigan State rally: 5,000 strong Opposite, below, front row, left to right, Don Gmitter Paul SeileT Tom Regner, Tom Rhoads, Nick Eddy, Captain Jim Lynch Pete Duranko Boh ' ?? G t dek T ke - J hn H v. Alan Page, Larry Conjar; second row Bob Hagerty, Tim Gorman, Dick Swatland, Leo Collins Jim Kellv Joe S ' Allen S n a g c e k K ' H ' R n - Harry Alexander Lgfo n= ' M - , e L T Hardy - Dave Zurowski; third row, Gerald Kelly STIR ' S? M !? e Heat n c Dave Haley ' Paul May ' Rud y Konieczny, Tom OLeary, Mike Kuzmicz, Steve Quinn, Bob Bleier Tom Schoen John aTvan M H G L ' ' " T We ierski : WMSB Lium " Alan vanHuffel, Lou Fournier, Kevin Rassas Mike Bureenpr Dan b h M ? i, n ' r lm , Smit ! er eer, Chuck Grab le Dan Dickman 8 Joe Free bery M,ke Early Bob Zubek, Roger Fox, Tom Quinn, Mike Bars BMI Bartholomew Jack Sullivan, Manager; fifth row, Al Kramer, Head Man sfhr .rr M el " " 3 " , ' a " er ' M ' lke Holtza P fel - Chuck Landolfi, Fred Revnn.H; USSS 1 J- ' Er ' C N rri ' Tom Slettvet Tom KnprhLnh r ad ' o ' Mlke Fran 8 er - Pa " ' Snow, Ed Vuillemin, Bob Kuechenberg, Coley O ' Brien; sixlh row, Pat Schrage, John Lavin Jim M Ur iK an ? tty ' r Cun Hene e han - J Leahy. ' Frank Crtnm! Tm Monty, Tom McKmley, George Kunz, Brian Stenger, Gene Paszkiet, flS Tom P row - c a = h es Brian Boulac, George Sefcik, Jerry Wam p : JOP YnnTo W " n ' M ead C ? a l h Ara Parse 8 hia " . Pa " ' Shoults, John Ray, Joe Yonto, Wally Moore. Left, defensive coach John Ray, who declined a head coach posit.on at Wisconsin in December. Below, Pete Duranko introduces his parents and his fiance at the Pitt rally 175 176 VARSITY ATHLETICS BASKETBALL O-21 is not a difficult record to improve upon, but in a rebuilding year, Coach Johnny Dee and the 1966-67 basketball team faced a schedule including seven of the pre-season top twenty teams. Early practices dic- tated the necessity of starting three inexperienced soph- omores in the first game, while the student body, fresh from National Championship Football celebrations, was addicted to victory. But Irish temperament reacted under pressure, and a fully rebuilt varsity emerged from the season with an encouraging 14-12 record. On December first, forward Captain Jim Monahan, guard George Restovich, and three sophomores, center Bob Whitmore, guard Dwight Murphy, and forward Bob Arnzen charged onto the field house court in their J. Dee sneakers and defeated Lewis College. But Lewis was hardly a major power, and the victory pointed up a number of Irish defects. The inexperience of the soph- omores was evident, turnovers were many, and shoot- ing percentage low. Faulty shooting and ball handling continued to be the major hindrances in the following games. Before early January the Irish won only one more contest, an 88-67 victory over the Hawaii Marines in the Christmas Rainbow Classic. Nevertheless, they dropped four St. John ' s, Montana, Detroit, and Indiana by a grand total of only nine points. Against UCLA and 7 ' -l " Lew Alcindor the Irish lost only three turnovers, however the shooting average dropped to only 21 percent. Even with that ineffective statistic however, the Irish were by no means embarrassed in the 96-67 loss. Coach Dee maintained that the unimpressive 3-9 record at the end of Christmas vacation was no indica- tion of the steady improvement the Irish had been mak- ing and subsequent developments upheld his confid- ence. At Dee ' s request, sophomore Mike Franger moved directly from Number 4, football halfback, to Number 32, basketball guard. Dee hoped that Jim Derrig ' s fine ball handling would help polish the defects in that department, while shooting percentage continued to be the major problem. So, by early January, Dee was switching off among Monahan and senior Tom Caldwell and a gradually hardening squad of " youngsters " including Franger, Arnzen, Whitmore, Murphy, and Derrig. The Air Force game turned out to be not only the first Irish vic- tory against a major college team, but also the herald of a flood of victories that brought Notre Dame to an 8-9 record within three weeks. The Irish showed in- creased defensive strength which overcame a mere 32 percent shooting average in downing the Falcons, 68-56. The student body ' s skeptical " one game winning streak " attitude was overcome by quick successive vic- tories over DePaul, King ' s and Detroit. Over semester break the squad defeated a strong Illinois team, 90-75, and Butler, 101-80. UUCfc 195,6 Opposite, above left, against the appropriate background of Sorin ' s gar- gantuon sign wishing him " good luck, " captain Jim " Gomer " Monahan lays up a shot against King ' s College. Opposite, above right, forward Bob Arnzen arches a corner shot for one of his 21 points against MSU. Arnzen was the high scorer for the year with an average of over 22 points per game. Opposite, below, although he is somewhat in arrears at this point in the King ' s College Game, sophomore Jim Derrig (31) was used increasingly after late December. Playing guard, he made needed contributions in ball-handling. Above, called an " offensive sur- prise, " Bob Whitmore was relied on for his spectacular rebounding, but also developed steadily as a shooter, scoring a game high 26 points against MSU. The 6 ' 7 " sophomore assumes a characteris ic stance after sinking a free throw in that game, which the Irish lost 85-80 in overtime. 177 VARSITY ATHLETICS BASKETBALL Above, the Fighting Irish varsity basketball team: (front row) head coach Johnny Dee, Dwight Murphy, Tom Caldwell, cap- tain Jim Monahan, Bob Arnzen, Bob Whitmore, assistant coach Larry Staverman, freshman coach James " Bucky " McGann and head manager John Jordan; (back row) Jim McKirchy, John Tracy, Tony Vignali, Brian Keller, Bob Bent- ley, Bob Kocmalski, Joe Vales, John Bernard!, Dan Quinn, Mike Franger, George Restovich and Jim Derrig. Right, soph- omore guard Dwight Murphy drives against the Michigan State defense. Murphy was third in scoring this year and will be counted on heavily by the team in the next two seasons. Opposite, in a scene that the field house had forgotten, 3000 student fans carried off a dozen basketball players, Monahan and Whitmore among them, when Notre Dame upset the Houston Cougars. Opposite, below, Tom Caldwell came a long way from his sophomore year with Army ROTC basket- ball to his 19 points in his final game as a senior. Caldwell was a valuable depth man in both scoring and rebounding. He lays up here against Houston. 178 Perhaps more than any other contest of the season, the Michigan State game indicated the youth of this year ' s team. Notre Dame led by 11 points in the clos- ing minutes, but was unable to hold out under a full game of Spartan pressure. Although MSU won by five points in overtime, a slowly developing Irish potential was becoming noticeable. After a temporary depression as losses to Georgia Tech and previously beaten DePaul overshadowed a 90-58 mauling of Hawaii, the Irish staged a delightful antithesis to the MSU game when they overturned the Houston Cougars, fifth-ranked in the nation. The indis- putable high point of the season, the upset was an es- sential psychological boost to the " comeback. " The Cougars boasted a 16-2 record, Ail-American Elvin Hayes, and a number six position in national scoring, but Notre Dame played only straight and determined basketball. At one point the Houston showmen were down 46-22. Their frantic retaliation attempt was not quite sufficient against the steadiness of an effort an- chored in Arnzen ' s game high of 37 points and Whit- more ' s 15 rebounds. This time N otre Dame did endure, and the 87-78 result was a major upset. NYU with the nation ' s highest scorer in Mai Graham, fell to the Irish 79-66 in Madison Square Garden. The highly-ranked Blue Devils of Duke were set to avenge their 64-0 football embarrassment of three months ear- lier, but the 11-point victory margin which they eked out was more than overwhelming. Johnny Dee had predicted that a .500 season would give his young squad the basis for developing into an outstanding club, and the bench-emptying 84-58 stifling of Creighton put the final seal on that .55-plus season. Dee has ND ' s all-time high sophomore scorer in Arnzen, voted most valuable player, and an unusual scoring defensive combination in Whitmore. The continued de- velopment of Murphy (who along with graduates Cald- well and Monahan, rounded out the top five scores) and Derrig will be essential. The addition of freshman tal- ents like Mike O ' Connell, John Gallagher, and Jay Ziznewski could mean the needed depth when the come- back goes on the line in the next two seasons. 179 VARSITY SPORTS BASEBALL r itching promised to be the mainstay of this year ' s baseball team as the squad prepared to travel to the Rollins Invitational Tournament over Easter vacation. Notre Dame entered the tournament with only one day of outdoor practice after weeks of drills in the cramped and windless field house, and faced teams, like Rollins, that had already played a month of their season. Never- theless, five wins, one loss, and a tie later, the Irish emerged with the championship and a return invitation. And pitching indeed appeared to be a promising factor. George Restovich, and Dave Selmer won two games each, while Tom Cuggino tossed one victory. Promising sophomore Bob Arnzen struck out 11 in the 1-1 tie with Lafayette. Senior pro-draft choice Bob Bentley ably rounded out the mound staff. In his thirty-fourth year as coach of Notre Da me baseball teams, " Jake " Kline, assisted this year by Tom Kelly, also had respectable hitting in his favor. Center- fielder Bob Kocmalski ' s .333 average for the Rollins tournament was team-high, and he was closely followed by left-fielder Kevin Hardy ' s .318 and first baseman Dick Licini ' s .308. Outfielder Frank Orga, who batted .300 as a sophomore in 1966, and outfielder Frank Kwiatkowski were also reliable at the plate. 180 Above, left, junior Tom Cuggino, one of the key Irish pitchers in the Rollins Tournament. Above, right, senior second baseman Tom Tencza. Opposite, right, senior captain Pat Topolski. Opposite, left, the varsity baseball squad. 181 182 VARSJTY ATHLETICS TRACK iiami of Ohio came on the morning of January 28 as reigning Mid-American Conference champs, and a few hours later they left behind a 78-53 opening meet v ic- tory for Notre Dame ' s varsity track team. Beginning the season against the previous year ' s champion is a true test, and Alex Wilson found he had something going in his eighteenth year as coach. As Wilson was the first to proclaim, this year ' s team advertised a much better balance than the 1966 squad dominated by Ed Dean. For example, a four year weak- ness in field events was ameliorated by the perfor- mances of sophomores Ed Broderick, who holds the freshman high jump record at 6 ' 8 " , and John Reid, shot putter. In the track events, the Irish increased their strength in a number of events. Two more mem- bers of the large sophomore majority, Bill Hurd, hold- ing the freshman 60-yard dash record and Norwegian Ole Skarstein, brought unprecedented ability to the sprints. The loss of Dean seemed considerably less momentous when juniors Ken Howard and Chuck Vehorn turned in sub-4:10 miles in pre-season runs. They were backed up in the mile by senior Bob Walsh, who along with Bill Leahy also competed in the two-mile run, and sophomore Kevin O ' Brien. Junior Peter Farrell ran the second fastest half-mile in American indoor track his- tory against Miami; sophomores Doug Bruenlin, Dan Welty, and Paul Gough worked with Farrell in that event. Sophomore Bruenlin and Joe Quigley and Junior Bob Timm provided extra depth in the middle distance runs. Senior captain Mike Chaput and Hurd in the long jump, senior Tim Butler and sophomoire Mike Mulligan, pole vaulters, and senior hurdler Al Widdefield were also consistent entries. After Indiana and Purdue fell 91V 2 -47-22i 2 in a tri- angular meet, the Irish fared well in the MSU relays where Hurd took a first in the 60 yard dash, with Broderick and Reid taking seconds in their events and Walsh a third in the two-mile. After dropping a closely- fought dual meet to Michigan, Notre Dame hosted the Central Collegiate Conference meet and, although tak- ing only three firsts, totaled enough seconds and thirds to grab the championship. Hurd turned in the team ' s outstanding performance as he pushed Loyola ' s George Crosby to a world indoor record in the 300-yard dash. He also placed a photo-finish second, despite an unbe- lievable :6.0, in the IC4A meet in Madison Square Gar- den, where Farrell kicked to a first in the 1000-yard run. Fighting an injured leg muscle, Broderick jumped a 6 ' 8 " fourth and Reid finished fifth in a field of fifty- two shot putters; Notre Dame finished a high third in the meet. Confidence for the outdoor season increased with a place in the NCAA indoor championships in Detroit. Opposite, above, leading the pack of 300-yard dashers in the West- ern Michigan dual meet are sophomores Ole Skarstein (foreground) and Bill Hurd. Opposite, bottom left, soph Ed Broderick in the Michigan dual meet. Opposite, bottom right, arched against the age- old structure of the fieldhouse, John Madded vaults in the CCC meet. Below, the Fighting Irish 1967 varsity track team: (kneeling) Chuck Vehorn, Bill Leahy, Bob Walsh, Dave Saykally, Tim Meskill, Bill Constantine, Ed Broderick, Dan Welty, Kevin O ' Brien, Paul Gough, Dan Hellman, (second row) John Vuyosevich, Greg Milmoe, Ole Skarstein, Al Widdifield, Bob Timm, Ken Howard, John Madden, Ron Kurtz, Emilio Garza, Mike Chaput (Captain), Tim Butler, Brian Kenney, (third row, rear) Dan Saracino, Don Bergan, Bill Sikorsky, Doug Breunlin, Harold Spiro, Bill Hurd, Chris Ramming, Pete Far- rell, Brian Cantrell, Dave Driscoll, Charles Zabielskis, Joe Quigley, Mike Mulligan, and John Reid. Bottom, shotputter John Reid un- leashes a toss in the CCC meet. 183 VARSITY ATHLETICS CROSS COUNTRY Opposite, right, the regulars of the varsity Cross Country team include: Kevin O ' Brien, Ken Howard, Chuck Vehorn, Bill Leahy, Captain Bob Walsh, John Wehrheim, and Don Bergan. Opposite, left, Coach Alex Wilson encourages sophomore Kevin O ' Brien, grinding towards a respectable finish at the Notre Dame Invita- tional, and watches anxiously for other Irish runners. Right, John Wehrheim takes a well deserved rest after a hard run fall meet. Below, cross country squads from Eastern Michigan, Gannon, Ball State, Michigan State, Loyola, Michigan, Notre Dame, and Western Michigan await the start of the Notre Dame Invita- tional. The Irish harriers finished second in the meet. 184 I he graduation of 1965 stars Dean and Coffey left the cross country varsity at a disadvantage. On the other hand, the return of previously injured Captain Bob Walsh, who finished 18th in the 1966 IC4A meet in New York, was a boon. Similarly, the season as a whole was a series of positives and negatives. Although they finished a respectable second to Vil- lanova in the IC4A and to powerful Western Michigan in the Notre Dame Invitational, the Irish harriers closed the season with a twelfth place in the NCAA meet in Lawrence, Kansas. The team finished behind several teams, including Michigan State. The positives for Coach Alex Wilson ' s squad in- cluded a third place in the Central Collegiate Cham- pionship and a first in the Ind iana State meet. But the harriers dropped a dual meet, against Minnesota, for the first time in two years, and another against Michigan State by a narrow 27-30 decision. The spirited team overcame inexperience and a lack of individual stars. Walsh and Don Bergan were the only seniors on the varsity, and Walsh finished the season with two years of eligibility left because of the foot injury. Junior Ken Howard finished sixth in the Notre Dame Invitational. Usually running in a close pack were Bill Leahy, Pete Farrell, Kevin O ' Brien, and Chuck Vehorn. The season was fairly good for Notre Dame cross country and a strong junior reserve promised a better season to come. 185 Opposite, above, junior Tom Brehm was outstanding in the butterfly event, but like the majority of varsity swimmers he doubled as a free- styler. Opposite, below, backstroker Joe Derrico and captain Rick Strack, foreground, work out in butterfly as preparation for a home meet with Missouri. Right, although he was an experienced freestyler, Chris Siegler capably filled an unexpected diving vacancy in his senior year. Below, pausing during a practice before the Ball State dual meet, are varsity swimmers: in water, Chris Siegler Bill Gehrke, Mike King, Humphrey Bohar, Bill Cella, Tom Bourke, Bob Husson, Bill Ladouceur, Jim Brehm, Bill Carson, Greg Ranieri, Charlie Beauregard, Hank Terwedow, Joe Diver, John Kurtz, Rick Strack, sitting, Kevin Schoenberger, Tom Roth, John May, Bob Chiles, Mike Davis, Greg Doerfler, Tom Hoch, Joe Derrico, Al Clarke, and standing, manager Jack Buttler and coach Dennis Stark. 186 VARSITY ATHLETICS SWIMMING f s in the two previous seasons, a group of enthusi- astic sophomore swimmers had to fill the places vacated by six graduated monogram winners. But in varsity swimming, just as in football and basketball, the soph- omores added depth to the experience guaranteed by a sizeable number of returning letterman. Coach Den- nis Stark, in his ninth year at the helm of Notre Dame swim teams, relied on these advantages in his deter- mination to improve the 6-6 dual meet record of 1965- 1966. The experienced men included senior team captain Richard Strack, a proven performer in distance free- style and butterfly. Senior Bob Husson and junior Tom Bourke, experts in the breast stroke and backstroke each held records in their respective events. Lettermen Bill Gehrke and Joe Diver, freestyle sprinters, diver Mike King and individual medley specialist Bob Chiles also returned while senior Chris Siegler, for two years a freestyler, voluntarily filled an unexpected deficit in diving and improved consistently. The most promising first year men included John May, freestyler, Greg Ranieri and Tom Hack, backstrokers, and butter-fliers John Kurtz and Charlie Beauregard. The Notre Dame Invitational Relays in Early Decem- ber opened the season on an optimistic note as the Irish finished first over Eastern Michigan and Wayne State. In a series of road trips, they defeated St. Bona- venture, Buffalo, and Ball State in dual meets. In the first home dual meet, Ohio University went down 62-52. Although the 4-0 mark at near mid-season raised un- realized hopes for an undefeated season, Coach Stark ' s efforts for an over .500 record were well -rewarded. 187 VARSITY ATHLETICS TENNIS 188 E ntering his second decade, Irish tennis coach Tom Fallen, had little room for improvement. Last year ' s team finished the season with a perfect 15-0 mark and capped that with a championship in the Eastern Col- legiate Tournament. Obviously, such a season, the second in Fallen ' s career at Notre Dame, raised hopes of an equal performance. The loss of Pedro Rossello and Vincent Chinn has hopefully been alleviated by the promise of sophomores Dennis Nigro, Jim Barnett, and Carlos Carriedo. The brunt of Fallen ' s hopes rested with three returning lettermen, led by team captain Bill Brown who has played in the number one position since his sophomore debut in 1964. Brown ' s doubles partner Gary Rieser and junior Jasjit Singh, a native of New Delhi, India also returned. Singh paired with senior Frank Honer- kamp, who saw limited action last year, but displayed great promise on the Easter tour. The optimism sparked by the ability of Brown and Rieser, who were National Indoor Junior Doubles Champions in 1963, was mixed with uncertainty over the number-four position and an old knee injury of Rieser ' s that could affect the strength of the doubles combinations. The pre-season tour was anything but uplifting. The Florida-State Open and a dual match with Miami-Dade was rained out in Miami. Although Singh, Carriedo, Barnett and Honerkamp pulled encouraging victories in a match with Rollins College, the Irish lost 6-3 and Rieser redeveloped knee troubles. Nevertheless, the team returned from the Easter trip with unshaken spirits to face a heavy 18-match schedule with nine against Big Ten squads and the defense of its Eastern Col- legiate Tournament title followed by the NCAA Cham- pionship finale in June. Opposite, above, like all the varsity sports this year, tennis had a strong first-year contingent. Sophomore Carlos Carriedo drills after his return from a successful Easter-trip showing of 6-1 and 7-5 victories over his Rollins opponent. Opposite, below, the 1967 varsity tennis team: kneeling, Jasjit Singh, Carlos Carriedo, Dennis Nigro, standing, coach Tom Fallen, Frank Honerkamp, captain Bill Brown, Gary Rieser, and Jim Barnett. Left, Jasjit Singh, a junior from New Delhi and a consistent leader for the last two years, warms up for the first home match, against Bradley University. Below, captain Bill Brown, a leading per- former since his sophomore year in the number one position, serves during a week of practice after the Easter tour. 189 VARSITY ATHLETICS FENCING like DeCicco was NCAA Fencing Coach of the Year for 1965-1966 and the Notre Dame fencing team fin- ished that season with a more than comfortable 17-4 record. Nevertheless, in December of 1966, DeCicco was hinting that the upcoming season might be even better, and it gradually became fairly obvious that an undefeated season was not the farthest thing from his mind. Although facing a schedule that included three of the previous season ' s victors over the Irish Detroit, Wayne State, and Michigan State DeCicco had well-founded optimism. The 17-4 season was merely a " rebuilding year " and the rebuilt squad was back in full force. Captain Joe Haynes, the first to hold that post in both junior and senior years since 1936, returned to the epee division, as did junior Steve Donlon, who won an incredible 31 victories as a sophomore. With a fine 10-2 mark accumulated by early February, junior Glen Bur- chett tied down the third epee position. Seniors Pat Korth and Mike Daher vied for the lead in the sabre, and good early season performances by Al Evan earned him the third position in that division. In the foil, John Crikelair, like Donlon a consistent winner as a sopho- more, and senior John Carroll teamed up to succeed Ail- American John Bishko, a 1966 graduate. Tom Connor and Tom Sheridan, both 8-4 winners in their sophomore years, vied throughout the season for the third spot in foil. Ample reserves like Frank Fox, Tom Reichenbach, and Jeff Pero backed up the regulars in all three divi- sions. Coaches rarely show pre-season optimism as avidly as Mike DeCicco did. But not many coaches have squads like Mike DeCicco had in 1966-67, even less have spec- tacular seasons, and only one makes Coach of the Year. 190 Opposite, the varsity fencing team: seated. Glen Burchett, Steve Donlon, Thomas Reichenbach, Jeff Pero, Arthur Dobson, and William Rose; kneeling, co-captain John Haynes, Chris Miller, William Mer- rill, John Carroll, George McGee, Joe Schwabach, Jonathan Daby, John Tschetter, and co-captain Pat Korth; standing, Mike Schnierle, Rob Babineau, Bob Nenoff, Joe Venerus, Tom Connor, Dave Stephan, Lou Emerson, Tom Sheridan, John Crikelair, assis- tant coach Mike Dwyer, assistant coach John Bish- ko, coach Mike DeCicco, manager John Lindgren, assistant coach John Klier, Paul McCandless, Joe Depietro, Robert Mendes, Mark Kush, Mike Daher, Alan Evan, and Leonard Pellecchia. Right, the mir- ror-image of co-captain Pat Korth. Korth was a re- liable winner in the sabre division for two years. Above, junior Tom Sheridan and senior John Car- roll, both regular in the foil, warm up for a three- way meet with Wisconsin and Illinois. 191 192 RSITY ATHLETICS WRESTLING Oeemingly limitless injury troubles plagued Notre Dame wrestling and turned pre-season optimism into a frustrating 3-6 mark. At the outset of fall practice, Coach Tom Fallon, heading into his twelfth season in that position, had things running in his favor. Only one of the previous season ' s six monogram winners had graduated, and three of the returning five were juniors 167 pound Jim Gorski, Tom Mork, 146, and Gary Ticus, in the 130-pound class. Fallon had seniors Bill Schickel, 177, team captain, and Marshall Anders, 137, to count on for both leadership and experience. A nu- cleus of three outstanding sophomores added to the hopeful picture. Heavyweight Roger " the Fat " Fox, joined the squad at the finish of his season as varsity football guard and fared well in the Olympic qualifica- tions. Jim " Flex " Widmeyer at 152 and Mide Higgins at 160 were two more sophomores with promising moves and skills. Rounding out the other divisions were Tim Morrissey, 145, Rod Streff, 123, and Art Tutela at 160. Nevertheless, the optimism was mixed with unhappy memories of last season, and a fear of repetition. The latter problem materialized beyond the worst expecta- tions. Heading into the final meet, Jim Gorshki the prime pre-season concern, was out, joined by Anders, Widmeyer, who missed the last three meets, Streff, Tutela, and sophomore Jim Westhoven. The season opened with a 25-8 rout of Valpraiso University. But the injuries took their toll early and the Irish lost convincingly to Illinois, Western Michigan, Wheaton, and Marquette, and narrowly to Purdue and Illinois Tech. The season did have a few bright points. Roger Fox placed third in the Wheaton Invitational, second in the Indiana State Tournament, and gave up only a narrow decision in the final dual meet against Wheaton. Schickel finished the season undefeated. A large num- ber of returnees, determination to relieve the injury problem, and the knowledge that the freshman class held the largest number of high school wrestlers in eleven years, constituted the hope of improvement in the coming season, and of a somewhat more secure future for the most luckless of varsity sports. Opposite, the only undefeated member of the wrestling team was also captain and outstanding wrestler senior Bill Shickel. Schickel squares off against his Wheaton College foe in the 177-pound class. Top, sophomore heavyweight Roger Fox re- models the physiognomy of a Western Michigan opponent. Fox ' s fortunes were better than those of the team; he was un- defeated until he lost a decision in the final match against Wheaton. Above, the varsity wrestling team: kneeling, Rod Streff, Rich Jiloty, Gary, Ticus, John Meany, Mike Smolak; standing Coach Tom Fallon, Tom Mork, Tim Morrissey, Jim Widmeyer, Roger Fox, Bill Schickel, Jim Gorski, Mike Higgins, manager Harry McPeak, and assistant coach Fred Pachek. GOLF f iyB A . 194 After an Easter warm-up trip to the fairways of Wilmington, North Carolina, the golf team entered their spring season with high hopes of matching or even im- proving upon the last season ' s record of 23-7. The 1966 season was highlighted by a sparkling ninth out of thirty-five places in the NCAA Golf Finals. Although the Irish finished behind the strong Southern teams like Houston, Florida, and Florida State, they were first among the northern teams. Graduation losses, however, included stars Pat Danahy, Charlie Mclaugh- lin and Bill Regnie. Senior Mike Thorp, a two-year letter man, returned to captain a fifteen man team including returning letter winners Rian McNally and John Pirro, and highly promising senior Joe Smith. Fr. Clarence Durbin, who will be next year ' s president of the NCAA golf organiza- tion, again moderated Notre Dame ' s team. In matches which usually consist of a 36 hole round, six players are fielded. Unusual in this respect was one of the highlights of the season, the two-day, 73-hole Northern Intercollegiate Tourney at Michigan. The Irish staked their high position in the midwest area against the Big Ten teams as well as five invited independents. Most of the important meets were scheduled away, in- cluding a seven-team meet hosted by OSU. OSU, arch- rival Purdue and Indiana, were the big teams for the Irish to beat in order to get an NCAA bid. Opposite, left, the driving form of senior captain Mike Thorp, a letter winner since his sophomore year. Opposite, right, the 1967 varsity golf team: (front) Charles Musick, Roger Bonahoom, Rian McNally, Joe Kehoe, Mike Brands, Mike Thorp, Chris Siegler, (standing) Bryan Williams, Rick Freehan, John Saville, John Pirro, Joe Smith, Fran Mentone, Monty Kula, Mike Heaton, Tim Cooney. Missing is golf moderator Father Clarence Durbin, C.S.C. Left, Rian MacNally blasts out of a trap on Burke Memorial. The senior was part of a small nucleus of lettermen returning to this year ' s squad. Above, senior Joe Smith putts during a pre-season practice round. 195 FENCING (Won 18, Lost 0) (Season Incomplete) ND 21 Illinois (Chicago 6 Circle) 24 Western Reserve 3 17 Oberlin 10 22 Cleveland State 5 25 Indiana 2 16 Iowa 11 14 Air Force 13 15 Wayne State 12 18 Detroit 9 20 Chicago 7 19 Ohio State 8 21 Michigan State 6 15 Illinois 12 15 Wisconsin 12 Buffalo Case Tech Indiana Tech Milwaukee Tech NCAA Championships: Notre Dame sixth; Donlon Ail-American ND 26 35 35 32 38 31 FOOTBALL (Won 9, Lost 0, Tied 1) Purdue 14 Northwestern 7 Army North Carolina Oklahoma Navy 7 40 Pittsburgh 64 Duke 10 Michigan State 10 51 Southern Cal BASEBALL (Won 5, Lost 1, Tied 1) (Season Incomplete) ND 7 Rollins College 1 4 Colgate 2 Lafayette 1 4 Rollins College 3 3 Colgate 13 1 Lafayette 1 6 Rollins College 4 BASKETBALL (Won 14, Lost 12) Lewis College Toledo Detroit Evansville St. Norbert ' s St. John ' s Indiana UCLA Kentucky Air Force King ' s College DePaul Detroit Illinois Butler Michigan State Georgia Tech Hawaii DePaul Houston Butler Bradley Western Mich. New York Univ. Duke Creighton 77 98 74 105 72 65 94 96 96 56 54 72 71 75 80 85 102 58 56 78 48 94 68 66 77 59 ND SWIMMING (Won 7, Lost 3) Notre Dame Invita- tional Relays 70 Eastern Michigan 68 Albion 43 Wayne State 30 Valparaiso 23 74 Buffalo 21 67 St. Bonaven- ture 28 51 Ball State 44 62 Missouri 42 83 Wayne State 21 43i 2 Bowling Green 60 V 2 70 Western Ontario 34 36 Kent State 68 46 Purdue 68 74 Central Michigan 28 WRESTLING (Won 3, Lost 6) Indiana State Tourney: Fox 2nd in heavyweight ND 25 Valparaiso 8 13 Illinois (Chicago 21 Circle) 17 Wabash 14 19 Cincinnati 14 8 Western Michigan 22 Wheaton Invitational: Fox 3rd in Heavyweight 16 Purdue 19 12 Marquette 22 19 Illinois Tech 20 ,VVk. I TRACK (Won 4, Lost 3) ND 78 Miami (Ohio) 53 911 2 Indiana 47 Purdue 22i 2 60 Michigan 71 CCC Meet 73 Western Michigan 58 Southern Illinois 34 46 Tennessee 79 Ohio University 67 76 E. Tennessee State 69 CROSS-COUNTRY (Won 2, Lost 3) Minnesota Indiana N.D. Invitational N.D. placed 2nd Michigan State University of Chi- cago Track Club 47 39 27 26 ND 3 DePaul Track Club 37 TENNIS (Won 0, Lost 1) (Season incomplete) Rollins College Indiana Cincinnati Bradley DePaul ATHLETICS CLUB SPORTS ' - v r i, T . r i t .,v,vuVAv VA v ' ' ' ' y J r 198 V lub sports were founded to fulfill a three-part func- tion. They serve as an athletic outlet for students who can not meet either the time or physical demands re- quired by full-fledged varsity sports. At the same time, they represent sports that, for economics or other reasons, do not exist on the varsity level. And they also provide members with an opportunity for independence and self-organization. The club program is in an infant stage: most of the clubs originated within the last three years. Nevertheless, in participation, success, and popularity they have already proven their worth. An inherent provision in the system is that those clubs which reach a considerable level of achievement and popularity may have the alternative of varsity status. On the other hand, it is possible that a club may reach this level and choose to maintain the autonomy and social advantages of club status. The top club candidate for varsity rec ognition is hockey; the season record of 14-5 placed Notre Dame among the highest in midwestern standings. Hockey is always a reliable crowd-drawer, and the team needs on- campus, varsity facilities to develop to full potential. Varsity status in 1967 would give the team a chance to face stiffer competition, perhaps from more Minnesota teams, in preparation for entrance into the Athletic and Convocation Center. At any rate, the better pucksters will undoubtedly be wearing varsity monograms by the end of their first season under the twin domes. Rugby typifies that class of clubs which is deserving but undesirous of a varsity tag. Hockey ' s stiff schedule precluded many social functions, and, in a sense, it has been varsity in all but name. Rugby, on the con- trary, although it plays a comparably heavy schedule, is much noted for its social endeavors. Without parties rugby would lose much of its appeal, both to mem- bers and to the student body. In this respect, it typifies the club sport ideal of fun and fraternity in competition. For rugby, and any of the clubs which ad- here to its philosophy i.e. most of the others to become varsity would mean to tighten entrance require- ments. Most of the clubs number from 35-60 members, an impossible size on a university-supported level. They would also have to play heavier schedules and reduce trips to a more business-like character. Although most of them did not compile season ' s records as remarkable as those of rugby and hockey, the other club sports made their contributions without exception. Having nearly overcome their physical prob- lems by the end of the year, the crew club emerged as a tight knit organization ready for real competition in the coming seasons. Even soccer, despite a losing record, proved that the experience and competition offered to members are ample justification for the existence of the clubs. " For the Benefit of Club Sports " was a familiar inscription over the refreshment sales at varsity basket- ball games. Supported largely by football, the university athletic program cannot provide much for the club sports, so by means of a grand style " little league " technique, the clubs try to make it on their own. They hold parties, take contributions and collections, col- lect dues, and create various fund-raising events such as the crew club ' s Irish Skimmer Day. This year the hockey team flew to Colorado for the Air Force Invita- tional, as did the ski club for their Vail jaunt. The rugby team went to Berkeley for a match, and those who didn ' t make the trip had memories of the moon over Nassau. Although they failed to compete in New Orleans this year, the sailing club, like the soccer and lacrosse teams, hopped around in the Midwest and dreams of more exotic jaunts in the future. While hockey ' s membership is the club sports pro- gram will soon expire, it is unlikely that other clubs will follow suit, by choice or chance, for a long time. 199 Below, senior Frank Manning, a former captain, flattens a Western Michigan skater against the side of Howard Park ice rink, as onlookers grimace sympathetically. Opposite, right, the winning rivalry in three games with OSU often resulted in frequent flare-ups and eventually in the forty man fight in Columbus during the last match. Flamboyant senior Pete Lamantia was in the thick of all of them, including this one during the game in early February. Opposite, left, action in the Western Michigan game, the last at home for the Irish. Opposite, below, paus- ing for the national anthem prior to that game, Notre Dame hockey club members: (left to right) Leo Collins, Tom Tencza, Tom Heiden, Paul Belliveau, Pete Lamantia, captain Jim Haley, Bill Pfeffer, Eric Norri, Dean Daigler, Randy Harkins, Frank Manning, Brian Quirk, Jack Mordaunt, John Barry, Ernie Gargaro, Larry Stewart, Pat Cody, and Stan Nartkar. Missing from this picture is freshman Dick Luebbe and the members of the coaching staff. CLUB SPORTS] HOCKEY ' hio State developed as the major rival for Notre Dame pucksters this season, and in the final game of the season, a two-man fight led to hot words between coaches; within three seconds every man there was wrapped up in a massive stick-fist free-for-all. Things settled down, of course, and when the last Notre Dame shot found the net, a 6-3 victory capped a 14-5 season ' s record and gave consummate strength to the hockey club ' s bid for varsity status. Head coach Jerry Paquette, aided considerably by Dick Bressler and Vince Maurice, developed a number of outstanding performers, including senior captain Frank Manning, in Notre Dame ' s best team to date. Able members of the front eleven included left-wingers Phil Whitliff and Jim Haley, center Pete Lamantia, goalie Leo Ceilings, defenders Eric Norri, also a 245-pound tackle on the varsity football team, and Bill Pfeffers, and perennial returnee Paul Bellaveau. Freshman Rick Luebbe and senior Tom Tenzca, who came to the squad in early February, proved to be valuable additions. The first Notre Dame Invitational Hockey Tourney was held in December at Chicago Stadium. Before grati- fyingly large crowds, the Irish defeated Indianapolis and Illinois in the first two rounds. Although they led Ohio State 4-2 in the last two minutes of the champion- ship match, a brief rumble and ensuing penalities gave the Buckeyes a manpower advantage, and Notre Dame slipped to a 6-5 loss. The unhappy situation was com- pletely reversed in early January at Howard Park. Phil Whitliff set the Notre Dame record for scores and assists in a single game as the Irish pelted the Buckeyes with 50-18 shots-on-goal and a 13-4 victory. The most pleasurable road trip for the team was to Colorado Springs for the Air Force Invitational early February. They defeated Colorado U. 5-3, and in the last 20 seconds of the Air Force game, Tenzca surprised a Falcon goalie and the Irish captured the tournament. The future for Notre Dame hockey is all bright. The game against Gustavus Adolphus, the nation ' s number one small college team, this year was one of the club ' s first real tests of mighty Minnesota hockey; with Lamantia and Bellavieu stranded in snow-bound Gary, the team still fared admirably in the 6-4 loss. A good percentage of this year ' s regulars will be graduating, but the promise of upcoming freshman talent like Luebbe indicates that, if hockey becomes a varsity sport in 1967-68, its first season should be a successful one. 200 201 RUGBY self-organized and obviously indepen- dent, rugby, in its fourth fall season, continued to be just what a club sport should be. The ruggers cavorted around the country and rolled up another winning rec- ord: 5-1. Coached by associate architecture professor Kenneth Featherstone, of the sport ' s native England, the team practiced three or more days a week in prepa- ration for a schedule that included all the major teams in American rugby. But a vibrating Bombshelter testified that the party is just as much a part of rugby as the scrummage. Despite a narrow loss to traditional rival Palmer College of Chiropractic, the Irish convincingly defeated powers like the St. Louis Bombers, with leading scorer Mike Conroy accounting for two key tries, and easily shut out Villanova, John Carroll, and Quad City. Senior captain John Toland led a starting fifteen of such stand- outs as Brian Murphy, recognized as one of the nation ' s best hookers, Dick Carrigan, who capably filled a va- cancy at lineout jumper, Kip Margrave, Dave Riser, John Adams, and Tommy Gibbs. The fall record raised hopes for the Irish Challenge Cup tourney in the spring and a successful trip to Berke- ley for a return match with the University of California. 202 Opposite, Pat Keenan emerges safely with the ball as Irish rug- gers Brian Murphy, Jay Fiorello (87), and Jim Purcell (99) fight to defend his labors. Left, because of a first half headwound that later required stitches, Jack Murphy wore a red badge of courage throughout the second half of a rugged battle with the St. Louis Bombers; the Irish won 12-6. Below During a pre-match warm-up Coach Ken Featherstone, the mainstay of Notre Dame rugby, parleys with team members: left to right Mike Conroy, Tom Gibbs, John Adams, and Bob Corcoran. Bottom, On the steps of Coach Featherstone ' s beloved Archi- tecture Building, the Notre Dame rugby club: front left to right, Captain John Toland, Mike Conroy, Kip Margrave and Charlie Toeniskoetter; second row, Jay Fiorello, Kevin Healy Joe Belden, Paul Kelly, Pete McFarland, and Jack Lavelle- third row, Jack Mulhall, Bill Kenealy, John Hughes, Dave Riser Neil Harnisch; fourth row, Ellis Fitzpatrick, Ken Collins Denny Hogerty, Tom Gibbs, Dick Carrigan; fifth row, Brian Gormley Pat Fisher, T om Condon, John Hughes, Tom Weyer, Pat Sulli- van; last row, Featherstone, Bruce Heskett, Rick Redmond, Charlie Schmitt, Bob Noonan, John Brennan, Joe Walker and Mike Paterni. 203 204 F acing probably the toughest schedule in their his- tory, the soccer club had a disconcerting 2-10 season, winning over only Chicago and St. Louis. Operating on a 5-2-3 approach, because of the failure of the 4-2-4 de- fense developed in the previous season, Coach Hans Herman ' s squad was a primarily defensive team. De- spite surprising soundness and balance, they had scor- ing problems. Season-long schedule troubles plagued Irish soccer. With the earliest games against the strongest oppo- nents, initial enthusiasm was quickly dampened. On four different weekends, the team played both Saturday and Sunday, and they faced four undefeated powers. Soccer at Notre Dame, however, shades its misfor- tunes with optimism. The team displayed its best effort, despite the deceptive 11-3 score, against national champion Quincy. Joe Mehlmann and Captain Mike Hertling were all-conference hopefuls in December. Forward linemen Tom Morrell and Jorge Diaz, center German Calle, and fullback Denny Guletz were out- standing, and talented freshmen like Bob Harrison are promising of a better future. The development of a more consistent offensive attack was the prime objective after the fall season. Opposite, above left, escorted by Don Negrelli and Jorge Diaz, all-conference hopeful Joe Mehlmann maneuvers for a score against St. Louis in one of the soccer club ' s two fall victories. Opposite, above right, swift kicking captain Mike Hertling robs a Chicago offender of the ball as Denny Guletz protects his effort. Opposite, below, as Hertling ties his shoe, Coach Hans Her- man briefs the soccer team on the St. Louis defense. Sitting, left to right, Bob Harrison, Jim Berges, Tim Patton, Tom Morrell, Bob Michilak, Sergio Benidixen, Bill Peters, Al Baumert, Fred Rohol, and Jorge Diaz. Standing and kneeling, Ed Wilbraham, Mike Hennely, Joe Tamayo, Denny Guletz, German Calle, and Don Negrelli. Below, left, Skip Gambacort scores against St. Louis. Below, right, Dave Lounsbery and Jim Berges prepare for the Chicago match. 205 CLUB SPORT BENGAL BOUT 206 F, or the thirty-sixth year, the Bengal Bouts continued to be the most willing, if not the most philanthropic manner for Notre Dame students to support foreign missions. Once again Notre Dame boxers put on what SPORTS ILLUSTRATED calls the " best amateur boxing in America. " As has been the case since their institu- tion, the Bengals were organized, coached, and trained under the guidance of Dominic " Nappy " Napolitano. After a vigorous training program that began with the second semester, the fighters from most of the nine classes met in quarterfinals on Monday, March 13. Winners fought challengers on Wednesday, and the championship bouts appropriately enough took place that Friday St. Patrick ' s Day. In the 125 pound class, the first of the final bouts, newcomer Larry Broderick faced an aggressive Girdhari Sambvani; Broderick ' s height and reach were too much for the smaller Indian, who was decisioned. Two ex- champs, senior Tony Karrat and junior John McGrath, met in the 135 pound division. In a split decision, McGrath ' s reach proved a lesser advantage than Kar- rat ' s experience. 140 pound Puerto Rican Etienne Totti and 145 pound Jim Loverde battled impressively to titles in their classes. In a classic duel between boxer and slugger in the 155 pound class, Mike Lavery and Mike Schaefer fought evenly for a while, but Lavery ' s pounding took its toll during the second round, and despite admirable form, Schaefer succumbed to a TKO in the third. In a special division created for Bob Mc- Grath and Bill Ragen, who had been defeated by Lavery and Schaefer respectively on Wednesday, McGrath ' s strong left won him the title in this 150 pound class. In the first of the big weight divisions, C. J. Donnelly, who had pummelled football safety Tom Schoen in the semi- finals, found that his combinations were not quite strong enough to beat the left jabs of Dennis Dorn, who won the 177 pound class in a split decision. In the closest contest of the evening, 185-pounders Tom Reynolds and Tom Breen stunned each other by the end of the second round, but Breen emerged the champion through a split decision. Climaxing this year ' s exhibition was the heavyweight clash between seniors Angelo Schiralli, who because of a football injury was unvictorious since winning the title in his freshman year, and Ed Driscoll, seeking his first title in several hard fought attempts. In a battle of straight rights, Driscoll, in excellent shape, could not match the speed or accuracy of Schiralli, who won a unanimous decision. At the conclusion of the title fights, awards were presented to the winners of each division. Special trophies included best first year fighter, Schoen; best fighter, Schiralli; outstanding contribution to the Bengal Bouts, Snyder and Karrat; most improved fighter Mike Duffy; and best losing fight, Ken Casey. Bill Ragen re- ceived the sportsmanship trophy, symbolizing the qual- ity which, along with true satisfaction for participators and enjoyment for spectators, makes the Bengal Bouts an example of the good in a much-criticized sport. Opposite, above left, Dennis Doran dodges C. J. Donnelly ' s left jab to deliver a right of his own. Opposite, above right, Angelo Schiralli, Best Fighter in the Bengals. Opposite, below, Mike Schaefer suffers a tem- porary setback at the hands of Mike Lavery. Below, Ed Driscoll throws a heavy left at Schiralli. Bottom, Dominic Napolitano. 207 w,, Below, the Fighting Irish lacrosse team: (first row) Mike Satarino, Dan Brouder, Matt Dwyer (captain), Mike Roddy, Dan Carson (co-cap- tain), Len Niessen, (second row) Ed Broderick, Bob Noonan, Frank Pielsticker, Jim Caverly, Mike Cerre, Phil Feola, Tom Follett, Rick Mann, (third row) Tim McHugh, Brian Kelleher, Tom Kingston, Mike Pepek, Pete Metzger, Larry Duke, Bill Richtsmeier, Denny Dougherty, Marty Steon, Duncan Macintosh, Jeff Pepin, Mike Desmond, Craig O ' Connor, (rear) Neil Short, Jim Wachtel, and Stan Kaminski. Oppo- site, above, dominating a scramble for the loose ball are captain Matt Dwyer (88), Pete Metzger, Neil Short, Frank Pielsticker, and " Rabbit " Noonan. Opposite, bottom left, club co-captain Dan Carson and an Oberlin player at a face-off; the Irish lost the first home game 7-3. Opposite, bottom left, under the close scrutiny of the referee, John " Otts " Brandau scoops a low pass to an Irish attacker. ith the loss of a few key men, the lacrosse team ' s attack was largely untried, and the main question was scoring ability. Fortunately, a more than adequate de- fense allowed concentration on the scoring depart- ment. Team captain Matt Dwyer displayed a rare com- bination of hard-hitting power and sportsmanship. He and co-captain Dan Carson were the main forces be- hind the drive to add increased skill to one of the most spirited of Notre Dame teams. A schedule including such squads as Navy, Oberlin, Georgetown, Ohio State, and Michigan State spurred their efforts. A handful of experienced players added depth to the primarily youthful club. Junior Bob Morin promised to be a constant threat, as did Duncan Macintosh, All- Midwest in 1966, provided his knee injury improved. Tom Kingston returned to lead the defensive attack, while Pete Metzger, at the attack position, typified the promise of younger players. An improvement on the 7-3-1 record seemed likely by the end of the annual Easter tour. A 7-6 loss to Navy ' s B team was the only tarnish against three im- pressive victories; Holy Cross went down 10-5, George Washington 12-1. The climax was against Georgetown, out to avenge an earlier loss. An anti-Notre Dame pro- paganda campaign and a flood of confidence were buried in a 19-3 romp. The team returned home to face Oberlin and looked forward to the Mid-April Notre Dame Invitational. 208 CLUB SPORTS LACROSSE 209 CLUB SPORTS SAILING AND CREW Opposite, pushing off from their home-made dock on the St. Joseph ' s River are crew club members: front, Dave Gans, Vince Sherry; second row, Rich Pivnicka, Mark Grantham, Brian Mclnerney, John Byrne, exec- utive vice-president Jim Montie, John Leonard; rear, freshman coach Mike Murray, John Koeppel, Doug Hunt, captain Fred Nugent, Gene Rus- sell. Missing is club president Ed Dadura. Below, the Notre Dame sailing club participated in five meets and conducted a sailing seminar for lay- men. Representing the club are: front, Art Burgess, Bob Sullivan, president Jim Grant, Rich Doyle, Curt DeClue, Bill Willard, Mark Brown, Jerry Mc- Cabe, Joe Carroll, Andy O ' Connor, captain Hap Fox, rear, Pete Senecal, John Holsinger, and Mark Grantham. 210 F all results for the invitational meets indicate that sail- ing on one ' s own waters has the same advantage as playing on one ' s own court or one ' s own stadium. " Home " for the Notre Dame sailing club meets is Eagle Lake in Edwards, Michigan, and there the team finished in its best position of the season, second to Purdue. In the Ohio State, Georgetown, and Wisconsin Invitation- als Irish boats finished third (out of thirteen teams), fourth, and third, respectively, while the home teams won each of these regattas. At the Timmie Angstien Regatta in Chicago, Notre Dame finished third behind Ohio State and the Coast Guard Academy, outsailing respectable teams such as Navy, Brown, and Michigan. But services and activities are as important a part of sailing as regattas. In the fall and spring the club offers seminars in sailing and water safety to fairly large audiences of laymen. In 1965, the club instituted the Michael Donahue Memorial Trophy in honor of a 1964 member who died in Innsbruck during his sopho- more year of studies. The trophy is to be awarded an- nually to the best skipper in the Freshman Regatta, held for non-intercollegiate sailors. The sailing club is moderated by Mr. Marshal Smel- ser, while skipper-captain Hap Fox and president James Grant co-ordinate the meets and services. Although the always eagerly anticipated participation in the Tulane Mardi Gras Regatta in New Orleans was cancelled in 1967, the club enjoyed a successful season in all its activities. Plagued by two years of misfortune, Notre Dame crew came into its own only this year. The club was founded in 1964 by seniors Mike Murray and Ed Da- dura, junior Jim Montie, and 1966 graduate Andy Mon- aghan. But by June of last year, crew faced a largely uncertain future with no boat or boat house, no docks, no coaching launch, no coach, and very little money. Nevertheless, after a rebuilding period involving President Dadura, captain Fred Nugent, Mike Murray, executive-vice-president Jim Montie, and the nearly forty part- or full-time members, the picture for 1966-67 changed entirely. Dr. Eugene Loveless of the psychology department, with 12 years experience in rowing, took on the job of coaching, and the club bought a coaching launch to make his work easier and more effective. Al- though the club had no meets during the fall, both freshmen and upperclass members worked out three days a week for two months. Also during that period, the members completed a crude but adequate boat- house and dock. Most importantly, the club acquired three boats: one on loan from Culver, one a $2300 shell rehabilitated from a previous accident, and an- other similar but newer model. To raise funds for the new equipment, the crew club held an Irish Skimmer Day, the first annual Notre Dame Invitational Crew Regatta. MSU, Wayne State, and Grand Valley participated and the club sold tickets for a picnic along the St. Joseph River on the day of the March re- gatta. From this, the program and refreshment sales, and several parties, the club met many of its financial problems. Revitalized, the crew was ready for spring meets with the prominent Detroit Boat Club, Community College of Philadelphia, John Jay College, Villanova, etc., for the twenty-five-team Dad Vail Championships in Philadel- phia, and for the annual Midwestern Championships. Good coaching and equipment added to perennial good conditioning to account for Notre Dame ' s improved showing in a sport rapidly developing in the midwest. 211 lmost accidentally, competitive weight-lifting re- turned to Notre Dame this year. Half-serious specula- tion early this year between Mike Burgener and Kent Durso eventually materialized, resulting in an NCAA invitation for the newest competing club. A weight-lifting team is not, of course, an innova- tion here; Notre Dame competed successfully on an inter-collegiate level until 1953. After that year, " Father Lange ' s Gym " existed as a YMCA-like haven where several hundred members kept in shape by working out. Quick and unexpected response to Durso and Burge- ner ' s initiative set the team membership at fourteen. A Scholastic article brought campus-wide recognition of the team ' s existence, and the first home match, a 31-29 victory over Andrews University brought appre- ciation of its impressively rapid growth. Previous sec- onds in an Indiana State Meet in Elkhart and a triple meet with Andrews and Dave ' s Gym contributed to opti- mism for the post-Easter schedule. In the spring season, the team hosted a meet with Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, and Michigan, and traveled to Michigan State first for a dual meet and late in May for the NCAA power-lift competition. President Burgener and captain Durso acted as coaches, and Tom Kelly, Mark Vogel, and Russ Bellamy, were the other executive officers of the team which actually existed as a competitive sub-division of the Father Lange ' s Gym Club. As the season closed, the immediate concern was an invitation to the NCAA Olympic meet in New Orleans in June; the long-range goal was varsity status. CLUB SPORTS WEIGHT-LIFTING Top, Mike Burgener, who, along with senior Kent Durso, constituted the driving force behind the resurrection of competitive weight-lifting at Notre Dame. Center, Kent Durso, the second of the " founding fathers. " Durso helped lead the team through a successful first season. Above, the competing members of the weight-lifting club: (kneeling) Jed En in, JackSandner, MikeTomasulo, Ken Francis, (standing, second row) Doug Simon, Clint Garber, Rick D ' Alton, Captain Kent Durso, Mike Gerrity, (standing, third row) Bill Moran, John Reid, Mike Burgener, Pat Palumbo. Missing from picture are: Frank Alandt, Paul Guilbault, and Tom Kelly. 212 RUGBY (Won 9, Lost l.Tied 1) ND Fall Season 5 Chicago Lions 33 Quad City Palmer 6 12 St. Louis Univ. 6 17 Villanova 3 9 John Carroll Spring Season 16 Ford 6 Westchester 6 Jamaica Cup Tournament 14 Rutgers 5 12 Yale 2 60 Cornell CLUB SPORTS SCORES SOCCER (Won 2, Lost 12) ND Northwestern 3 Maryknoll 3 3 Quincy 11 1 Army 12 1 Dayton 7 5 Chicago 1 2 St. Francis 1 3 Goshen 8 3 Illinois 9 2 Indiana 8 Purdue 4 2 Iowa State 5 ND 6 10 12 19 LACROSSE (Won 3, Lost 1, season incomplete) Easter Tour Navy 7 Holy Cross George Washington 1 Georgetown 9 CREW (Won 5, Lost 0, season incomplete) HOCKEY (Won 14, Lost 5) ND 4 Boyd College 9 Louis College 1 Notre Dame Invita- tional 3 Illinois 1 5 Ohio State 6 4 Illinois 3 Pekin All-stars 1 14 Air Force 6 Toledo 2 4 Gustavus Adolphus 6 4 St. Mary ' s College 6 13 Ohio State 4 4 Northern I llinois 4 Erie Lions 6 3 Erie Lions 2 5 Colorado 3 4 Air Force 3 1 Western Michigan 6 6 Ohio State 3 Above; Notre Dame ' s new Sports Publicity Director, Roger Valdiserri, and his staff publish summaries and statistics of all athletic events and have the responsibility of keeping the mass media informed of Irish sports and personalities. Right; in his forty-first year as Business Manager, Herb Jones coordinates all the financial aspects of Notre Dame ' s hugs varsity operation. Opposite, left; the coordinator and spokesman for all sports, Notre Dame ' s Athletic Director Edward " Moose " Krause. Opposite, right; Ticket Manager Robert Cahill and his long time assistant Len Kahler (not pictured) co-ordinate and sale and distribution of ticket sales for all athletic events. Opposite, below; member of the Sports Publicity Staff are: Frank Zerville, Frank Crub, W. Hudson Giles, and Judy Van Fleet. ATHLETICS FRONT OFFICE 214 215 COMMUNITY AND CULTURE: TENOR OF A UNIVERSITY L espite inadequate living facilities, Notre Dame ' s residence system has yielded a re- markably cohesive student body and unfalteringly loyal alumni. Plans to erect five new tower dorms on the east campus reinforce the central role which the living system will continue to play for future students. Yet the value of a completely residential University is questionable if such an arrangement, because of its structural inadequacy, prohibits mature development of the student body. In Dillon Hall, for example, 444 students are jammed into rooms designed for about 250. Only the four dormitories built since 1950 Keenan, Stanford, Fisher and Pang- born remain uncrowded; forced doubles and triples are not the exception. Newer halls, although roomier and cleaner, have a regimental sterility that is almost as stifling. These conditions are complemented in most halls by a lack of social facilities. Lounges are often converted double rooms, much too small for social gatherings. With girls banned from student rooms the lounges at least serve as female waiting rooms. The burden falls on La Fortune, but its limited hours and occasionally prowling Big Brother diminish its attractiveness. Fr. Simons con- jectured that the lack of social grace in many Notre Dame students may be attribued to the conditions in the halls. Efforts to alleviate residence problems, however, have been significant on the level of student integration into the hall community. Stay hall and the section system focused on the hall as a place to live and sought to create a community which could be more livable. Section system achieved success in some halls, to the noticeable benefit of the halls ' residents. Under the system, students in Walsh and Farley remodeled their basements into large lounges, and other hall sections held parties and sponsored ND-SMC discussion groups. Stay hall in Dillon was much lauded this year, as it was in Farley last year, and despite internal criticism by the other stay hall, Alumni, all three overwhelmingly approved the system in the December vote. But both stay hall and the section system were popular only where they were im- posed without general questioning. Every non-stay hall dorm outside of the freshman quad voted against the stay system, and some halls, such as Lyons, rejected the sec- tions system out of hand. These problems were equally present to the Board of Trustees and the Administration. Rule changes in the fall responded to growing pressure in the halls as well as from con- cern for student responsibility, and plans for new residences are priority projects, with THE VALUE OF A COMPLETELY RESIDENTIAL UNIVERSITY IS QUESTIONABLE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPROVEMENTS LAG BEHIND CULTURAL AND SOCIAL EVENTS l8 renovation of present dorms as part of the long range program. But after waiting hopefully for a large private donation, the university decided definitely to borrow only after a mora- torium closed applications for government loans. Architects plans call for eight to ten story buildings, north of the library, and a built-in section system will attempt to avoid imper- sonality. Each of the five projected dorms will be divided into two towers, with rooms and a common lounge for twenty-five students on each floor. Lounge area, and possibly class- rooms, will dominate the first floor, while the basement will be devoted to louder indoor activities. Without funds, however, construction time of the new residences is uncertain. Mean- while the relaxation of rules somewhat relieved the atmosphere on campus. Except for freshmen, curfews were abandoned, and private transportation became more available with the licensing of cars for organizations and off-campus students. St. Mary ' s responded with curfew extensions, contributing to a more natural social life. Although the Adminis- tration remained in adamant opposition, several halls established de facto parietal hours, and despite Indiana state law, drinking in rooms was virtually unrestricted. However crucial the problem of residence living, hall life does not completely circum- scribe the interests and activities of students. The year saw a steady stream of club activ- ities, class and hall parties, visits from important scholars, musicians, acting companies, lecturers, and a wide range of symposia. The department of philosophy sponsored an out- standing lecture series in connection with its graduate course in modern philosophy, with such philosophers and critics as A. J. Ayer, Gabriel Marcel, Martin Versfeld, and Stephen Korner. " Challenges in Science " meetings offered a similar scope of lectures in science, while other lecturers ranged from Hannah Arendt to Masters and Johnson, Martin Marty and James Farmer to Eric Cochrane. Under the banner of the Film Society, film directors David Secter and Robert Snyder screened their films and lectured on them to an audience whose interest in film has radically increased in recent years. The Society, now supported by University funds, took charge of vitually all the film showings on the campus and subtly managed to insure, even when it set out simply to entertain, a consistent and intelligent critical discernment in its choice of films. Students now make films with the assistance of the Notre Dame Film- makers, which provides equipment, film stock and instruction to those who present serious and promising projects. Music was performed, judged and theorized during the year beginning with the autumn concert of the Indiana Brass Quintet of the Indianapolis Symphony. Among other concert- ists were Christian Ferras, Paul Doktorand Marylyn Mason, Irving llmer and the Chicago Contemporary Players. The Collegiate Jazz Festival sponsored a Symposium on the Cur- rent State of Jazz in the Kellogg Center, and then demonstrated that state during its ninth annual festival. The year ' s greatest concentration of activity was the spring revival of the Fine Arts Festi- val. Financed by South Bend business, the week-long Festival brought several poets to read their work and invited one-hundred American artists to display paintings. In addition, the Film Society presented an almost continuous film festival, and the Impersonal Pronouns presented a one-act play. The festival also sponsored a symphony orchestra performance at the Civic Auditorium. The cultural and social events of the University were the most plentiful and diverse in many years. But their pace will unfortunately not be matched by environmental improve- ments for some time. 219 STUDENT LIFE HALL LIFE I n the winter of 1963, Cavanaugh Hall had a guard named Herman. He was not young and certainly some what off his peak form as far as conditioning was con- cerned. Yet Herman was blessed with a second sight of sorts, an unconscious awareness of imminent disaster that made Herman, in effect, impervious. For example, freshman on the fourth floor would spot Herman on the stairwell and drop, with surprising accuracy, a blob of shaving cream. Herman for no apparent reason would shift his weight from his left foot to his right and the blob would flash harmlessly by. Eventually Herman was assumed invincible. Legends began to spring up. Mythi- cal acts were finding contemporary expression under Herman ' s name. There was a student in the 1940 ' s who was supposed to have actually fired a pistol point blank at Herman. This would of course not do; Cavanaugh ' s freshmen had no desire to be guarded by an archetype. A massive operation was mounted. Each night he began at the same time. At 1:30, after all the lights had to be out, Herman began walking the first floor corridor looking for students up late. Whether they were study- ing or not made no difference. Sleep in 1963 was regu- lated. As he walked on the first floor that winter night several actions commenced. First, the men of the third floor twisted the nozzles of all their showers toward the door and turned on the water full strength. While this was taking place a call was placed from t he second floor to the phone of Cavanaugh ' s rector, Fr. Micelli. They did not converse at all; they simply did not hang up, making it impossible to place a call to Fr. Micelli from, say, the third floor. Herman reached the second floor, checking, as always, for a light from 261 ' s private bathroom, which had become a favorite study hall for academically pressed students. It was now approxi- mately 1:40. On reaching the third floor, he found, much to his surprise, the corridor beginning to course with water. He hurried into the shower room, bucking the spray, and attempted to reach the water ' s source. While thus engaged, two second floor teams equipped with unbent hangers, crept up the parallel stairwells and began to bind together the door handles of the two entrances. They finished quickly, as it was not an un- practiced maneuver, and hurried beneath their blankets. Soon the most incredible banging could be heard. Again and again Herman lept at the door he found locked. He was trapped. The assault paused for a moment, then began again. This time the barrier broke. Everyone was immensely disappointed. The hangers had been tested fully; not even the hall football players could burst them. It was learned later that the second team, led by a wing representative, had at the last moment substi- tuted laundry string for the prescribed hangers. 220 Left, Carroll Hall housed Holy Cross brothers until this year. The hall has some of the largest rooms on campus, its own gym, and ample study and recreation facilities. Its main dis- advantage is that it takes more than fifteen minutes to walk from the hall to O ' Shaughnessy. 221 I his happened in 1963, when today ' s seniors were freshman, and while all guards were not up to Herman ' s standard, the Cavanaugh operation was by no means unique. Stanford-Keenan that year fielded the first teams to play in the NFL (National Frisbee League) and only Fr. Collins ' determined walk down the freshman quad, a feat reminiscent of Moses and the Red Sea crossing, could persuade the game and its encircling spectators to quit the quad grass for next to the library grass. Badin assaulted Zahm that year and were repulsed by water hoses. And Farley by June was for some reason being pronounced a menagerie. By next September, the freshman halls became for most of them memories: Of the first time the band was followed. Sudden knowledge of a form called pink slip. First grades and a percentile ranking. New Year ' s as a Notre Dame student. And the spring. They left the nar- row halls of Stanford, the walls of Farley that conducted sound quite as well as a diaphragm, and the somber- stone floors of Cavanaugh on which Fr. Micelli ' s foot- steps sounded so grave. Where did the new sophomores go? To St. Ed ' s with ceilings so high that some consid- ered building a loft, or to Morrissey which at times would share much of Farley Hall ' s nature. A few, the ones with the antiseptic discipline records, would go to rooms in Sorin ' s basement. In many cases the tradition of the new halls would shape their residents ' own reaction to hall life. Certain- ly Lyons ' abhorrance of noise had its effect on the number of firecrackers set off by restless sophomores, and Sorin had a tradition for being Number One. Mor- rissey had an equal reputation for being Freshman Quad extension. So the freshmen of 1963 spread to the ends of the campus, and, as their hours were extended, con- siderably further. This year they were seniors. They participated in, and in many cases led the hall activities of this year. But it was not only they who made hall life something more than eight hours of sleep. It was, of course, all the students. There were the usual hall sponsored social events, with Badin and Morrissey assuring a leadership that left Sorin mired in a past that admitted no competition and bequeathed no ambition. The intramural football season was not only completed, an accomplishment in itself, but the off-campus representatives escaped any charges of professionalism. Several attempts were made to test the legality of girls in dorms, with Walsh, above all, displaying an acumen that, while hardly legal, was spectacular in its results. And if the new Carroll Hall did not figure predominantly in any of the above com- petition, blame the lack of heat, hot water and electricity as late as October. Carroll was largely a self contained hall, with its own playing fields, gym, and easy access to St. Mary ' s and South Bend. The only thing Carrol could be said to lack was a university. The distance oroblem was so acute that several inhabitants consid- ered applying for off-campus car privileges. Lyons and Farley placed such a demand on Indiana Bell that a shortage was caused in available cables. Forty-nine potential BMOC were told they would have to wait until after the football season when, if necessary, the fifty- odd lines running into the football stadium would be appropriated. Homecoming provided a plug for Dillon and stay hall but it was Fisher ' s efforts which proved most interesting. Fisher ' s giant number " 1 " , 60 feet high and made from wood whose grade was " the cheap- est we could get " , proved too much for supporting wires borrowed from lawn fences and it broke in half. Mean- while, the second half of Fisher ' s project was lying by the side of the Ohio turnpike, inside a jackknifed trailer. They had planned a forty-foot square portrait of Ara in colored balloons. Why a tractor trailer was needed to transport balloons no one saw fit to say. Tom Exkerle, who was heavily involved in the Fisher project, could only say that " God launched a concentrated effort to thwart our every move. " Morrissey ' s attempt to erect a 52 foot, 250 pound pendulum met slightly less trouble when the 450 pound superstructure was lowered from Morrissey ' s tower and eight crucial eyebolts ripped out. Only an emergency call to Morrissey ' s residents pre- vented a Poe-esque ending to their pit and pendulum. And so it came to be winter and there were more parties and interhall basketball. Spring more parties and baseball. There is a pattern that comes to hall life after the football season that is remarkably consistent. With the exception of Mardi Gras there seems little to focus hall attention. But this year was different. At the start of the year rules became a matter for each hall to decide and with the adoption of the section system, increased participation in hall activities was, if not spectacular, at least apparent. 222 STUDENT LIFE HALL LIFE 223 STUDENT LIFE HALL LIFE 224 Over last summer, two barriers to meaningful hall life came crashing down. Student government and student opinion had assaulted the Jerichose walls of Notre Dame discipline for many years and it was, typically, the Ad- ministration that broke them down from within. With the beginning of the school year last September, every on-campus student was, at most, required to sign in once a day. Every off campus student was permitted to own a car provided it was registered with the University. These rules did not apply to freshmen who did, however, receive an extension of their curfew leash. The reasons for these rules changes were apparent. The Administration was trying, through a disintegration of the rector ' s image as watchdog, to destroy the " see how much we can get away with " attitude of the stu- dents and to give them increased responsibility and freedom in the handling of their own affairs. Freeing the rector from his " protective " duties was seen as an at- tempt to give him more time to work with students rather than against them. It would allow, the Adminis- tration thought, a reduction in the alienation of some individuals by the crowds of group living. And along with this idea, a second, equally important, innovation found its way into hall life. It was called the section system. The idea of a formalized section system originated with John Chesire, a ' 66 graduate and last year ' s Blue Circle chairman. John first instituted the section system in Walsh Hall in his junior year, and it was this system that eventually produced their basement lounge. Last spring, Fr. Hesburgh asked him to come back to Notre Dame to pursue his graduate study in sociology and try his system in Dillon Hall. If a section system could produce meaningful results in Dillon, a complex of 444 inhabitants, then it could probably solve the problem of global peace. The other halls on campus, stay halls or not, initiated the project and for some the effect was immediate. Fr. McGrath, for example, rector of the new- ly combined Keenan-Stanford, decided that the best way to activate the sections was to sit the students accord- ing to their sections in the North Dining Hall. The section system and the increased student re- sponsibility brought about a reversal of values. Horse- play in the halls was reduced immensely in scope and ingenuity, while larger offenses, such as excessive drinking in the halls, became an important problem. Such offenses were dealt with by the students them- selves in their own hall judicial boards. By Thanksgiv- ing it was possible to see just what the section system meant to hall life. Lyons Hall presented an aloofness to which the sec- tion system was, in effect, a direct contradiction. With any aberrations committed its walls being of such an estoeric bent, there was little talk of a hall judicial council. At times it seemed the section leader ' s func- tion was little different than that of the hall as an entity. To keep quiet. 225 226 STUDENT LIFE HALL LIFE Sorin and Badin found themselves in a rather peculiar position. Both halls considered themselves the bastion of the campus good life and when they returned last September they found no rules worth breaking. The result was a hall withdrawal, with Badin, long famed for its spirit, becoming what one student termed, " a place to sleep and to keep out of the rain. " Where the section reform produced the greatest re- sults were such previously " second rate " halls as Mor- rissey, St. Ed ' s, Zahm, and Howard. St. Ed ' s negotiated with their rector, Fr. Durbin, and as a result profits from hall food sales went to the hall council for special projects; and room assignments were arranged to make room for a hall lounge. What did the rectors think of all this? Father Dur- bin echoed Thoreau when he stated that, " one can rule a lot more effectively by less rule. " And Father O ' Neil, rector of Walsh, said that " halls used to be nothing but flop houses. But now, under the section system, there is a great hope that they are becoming active communities. " Father Doig of Zahm strikes perhaps at the heart of the problem. " It is esential for the indivi- dual to bear the burden of his own life and to decide what he wants to do. He has to make his own victories and mistakes and learn from them and grow. Some guidance is necessary, of course, but the most impor- tant thing is that the individual try things on his own and see the worth of what he has done. " It was the rectors who provided the " meeting of minds and shar- ing of perception " that became integral to the success of the section system. There has been, then, a revolution in hall life this year, uneven to be sure, yet one that has made the values of hall life more available to each student. Cavanaugh Hall is not the one of 1963. There was little of the firecrackers this year, nor the water fights and laundry bag barricades. There is instead something perhaps not so nostalgic, but of greater value: the sec- tion system. A Cavanaugh freshman said of the begin- ning of the school year, " In the first few hectic days, section living helped bring out the bashfulness in each of us. " In October, the section held a picnic-mixer and later that month a more formal mixer. The hall does not have the noise and behavior of 1963, but it has the same spirited life. It simply takes on a more worth- while course. And three years from now, when today ' s freshmen are seniors, the environment they act within will be much more suited to the ideals of hall life. Herman is no longer Cavanaugh ' s guard. He is not needed. In his place is a pleasant, overweight man with white curly hair and the red face of not a young man. And if any freshman felt the need to aim a blob of shaving cream at his head, it would hit him right smack in the middle. 227 LJDENT LIFE STAY HALL Above, Doug Salem, Al Celli, Pat Shaw, and George Thompson at a Dillon hall council meeting. Right, Residents have been largely critical of Alumni Hall ' s progress as a stay hall. Still 88 per cent remain in favor of the stay hall concept. Oenators suffocated in the hot, smoky student center amphitheatre. Nick Sordi paced the aisle soliciting votes. WSND microphones aimed at a freshman senator nervously declaiming the virtues of stay hall. John Gearen placidly reigned over the chaos with long legs outstretched. It was the night the Notre Dame Student Senate established three experimental four-year class halls. The heated, tense, and uncertain atmosphere of that night continues to surround the issue of stay hall two years later. The first period of operation saw Farley break into the ranks of " prestige " halls amid charges of rigging (i.e., that the top students were enticed into Farley with promise of good rooms). That myth was dispelled when in the second trial year long-dormant Dillon emerged as a pace-setter in the development of hall life. Yet students still eye stay hall ' s success with skepticism; despite ninety per cent approval of the ex- periment within the stay halls themselves, most upper- class dorms last December turned down an extension of the plan. Part of the reluctance to adopt stay hall stems from fears that upperclassmen in stay halls will find the few desirable rooms even harder to obtain, with lower aver- age students being relegated to the freshman quad. But new dormitories to be available in only a few years will aid in alleviating overcrowding. What decisively turns most upperclassmen against stay hall is their schizo- phrenic desire to preserve the frivolous airs of the frosh quad while forestalling the advent of freshman immatur- ity in upperclass halls a double standard. That stay hall has not yet swept the campus is hard- ly surprising. Only now are the three experimental halls coming into their own. Freshmen at the inception of stay hall will soon be seniors and all the while are building a strong allegiance to their hall. Had stay hall developed into a rousing success its initial year, the experiment would have been suspect; the effects of staying in a hall more than one year could not be- come apparent until the second and ensuing years. 228 229 230 Left, Farley Hall broke into the ranks of the " prestige " halls last year in its first year of operation as a stay hall. It is perhaps the best example of what a hall can accomplish with an efficient gove rnment and interested residents. STUDENT LIFE STAY HALL Stay hall ' s potentialities will not be fully realized until its fourth year of operation when one class has lived in a hall all four years. Now at the halfway point of that period the advantages of the four-year class system are only beginning to appear. Most eminent example of a stay hall ' s operation thus far has been Dillon. The most overcrowded of the three experimental dorms, Dillon in its first year of stay hall seemed as unsatisfactory as ever. Attempts to organize a sectional system largely failed, and as a stay hall evaluation committee ' s report at the end of the year rather char- itably underestimated, a working government had " not been found. " Thirty upperclassmen determined to cor- rect the mistake and met a week before the beginning of the next school year. They decided to break the hall into small sections in which neighbors could meet one another and live amiably together. The spark mush- roomed as sections took on projects, culminating in the winning of first place in the homecoming decorations contest after a cooperative effort of all the sections. What Dillon demonstrated (and Farley suggested the year before) was that freshman " immaturity " and up- perclass " sophistication " are not mutually exclusive. The very vocabulary employed to discuss stay hall needed to be corrected and refined. The distinguishing mark of freshmen was not " immaturity " and frivolity " but " enthusiasm " and " freshness. " These two ele- ments that make the freshman year unique were not threatened by stay hall, but, as Dillon showed, they could be chanelled to more fruitful use with the mature and experienced guidance of upperclassmen. And the latter themselves profited from the fresh and enthusias- tic outlook of entering students. Adjectives applied to upperclassmen and freshmen were found to be not con- tradictory but complementary; the rationale for stay hall was thus reinforced. Understandably students observing from the outside the experimental halls remained uneasy and uncertain about the success of stay hall halfway through its trial period. But in the second year of stay hall in many respects the most important of the trial period stay hall proved itself a viable idea with which Notre Dame Students will eventually have to come to grips. 231 a. ' k,v r J H - vv . 232 HALL LIFE LYONS H all government has been a hit and miss affair at Notre Dame. When students were interested and the rector willing to allow them some control there was little difficulty, but this was rarely the case. In an at- tempt to introduce a measure of interest into hall gov- ernment and recognize significant achievements, the Hall Presidents Council in 1963 established the Hall of the Year award. Last year Lyons and Farley halls were chosen co-recipients of the award. Farley, however, de- clined, leaving Lyons alone with the designation. The criterion for the award was vague; the judge- ment, largely subjective. Each hall was required to sub- mit a resume of the year ' s activities dealing specifically with the accomplishments of the hall government and its effect on the residents of the hall. In an attempt to determine any significant change in the halls, these re- ports were compared with those of the previous year. This comparison became almost the sole standard of judgment, with little consideration given to the aca- demic standing of the residents of the hall or the de- gree of involvement of a hall ' s residents in extracurricu- lar activities. The majority of the halls had very little to offer; several did not even bother to submit a report. Farley ' s accomplishment was its outstanding success in its first year as a stay-hall. It had built one of the campus ' s most active and efficient hall governments from a virtually new hall. Among Lyons ' distinctions was the wine festival held early in the spring. A lecture by Mr. Robert Misch of the California Wine Institute was followed by a reception in the Student Center to sample the various California wines. Open only to Lyons resi- dents, their dates, and invited guests from the faculty and administration, the event was an outstanding suc- cess. A second factor in the decision was the degree of freedom given the students in both halls by their rec- tors, Fr. James Buckley of Farley and Fr. Edward Shea of Lyons. Lyons continued in much the same vein this year. Though it was one of the few halls outside the freshman quad to retain curfews, the decision on when to enter- tain females was at least tacitly left to the students. Lyons did not form an organized section system as did most halls. The groups which developed formed through common participation in diverse activities; the film so- ceity, for example, regularly held previews in Lyons Annex, and the hall, along with Morrissey, was the inter- hall football champion. These informal activities were as effective in unifying the hall and developing a " com- munity " as the arbitrary boundries employed in other residences. Opposite above, Earl Guertin, master non-chef of Lyons food sales, a parody of greasy-spoon establishments. Opposite below, Lyons Hall rec- tor Fr. Edward Shea, associate professor of Modern Languages has said that the administration should have the final decision on curfews and hall rules. 233 HALL LIFE OFF CAMPUS Left, although all undergraduates off campus can now own cars, those who can ' t afford them still use buses. Below, faculty parking lots were black- topped last fall, but students still cope with the mud lots beside the Center for Continuing Educa- tion. Opposite, junior architect Steve Wright in the midst of preparing beef stroganoff. While many students can eat at home, most prefer meals in town or on campus. 234 Low averages force roughly one-sixth of the Notre Dame undergraduates to live off campus. Because most of them could find dormitory rooms if they wanted, however, students generally leave campus by choice rather than necessity. Although the administration ' s apparent indifference toward them disturbs Student Government, the university policy is acceptable to the majority of off campus students. Two factors, the university licensing of cars for all off campus students and the tacit permission to rent apartments, have greatly increased the popularity of off campus living. Cars obviate the need to rely on busses and hitchhiking for transportation, greatly in- creasing the selection of desirable houses. Living in an apartment without a landlady gives the student almost complete freedom and promotes a degree of responsi- bility not found on campus. With Notre Dame ' s tradi- tional ban on girls in the halls and the local motel ' s increasing reluctance to rent rooms to students, off campus apartments become the center of much of the student social life. Off campus students can choose to eat at school, in town or at their house. They can study in their rooms without interruptions by other students or distractions by the noise which is common to some halls. And the Student Guide notwithstanding, they have no restrictions on hours, liquor or girls in their rooms. The chief drawback is the lack of contact with much of the student body. But off campus students tend to form more intimate, albeit much smaller, communities than are found anywhere on campus, and for most stu- dents, this offsets the loss of broader contact. Two high rise dorms planned for the north end of campus are intended to provide rooms for all the stu- dents currently living off campus. Students both on and off campus, however, consider alleviation of the serious overcrowding in the halls a more immediate problem and off campus living a desirable alternative. 235 SOCIAL LIFE HOMECOMING An African Safari " was the declared theme of Home- coming ' 66; surprise might have been a better one. A four-inch snowfall on Thursday morning slowed the preparation of many hall displays, and the weekend ' s planners envisioned disaster similar to that which an- other unexpected snow caused at Mardi Gras two years ago. But no such difficulties resulted. Last minute preparation for the weekend, corsages, trips to the cleaners, and visits to Gilbert ' s kept many students from Friday classes. Dates arriving from out of town were pressed into service on Homecoming dis- plays. Dillon worked feverishly on its " Quiet Village " while Fisher engineered its sixty foot " 1 " which broke in half in the final stages of construction. The Homecoming dance, with probably the poorest decorations of any major dance in recent years, did have excellent music from the Stan Rubin Orchestra. Rubin used rock and roll rhythms in addition to traditional dance music to give an unusual musical atmosphere that kept the dance floor crowded all evening. Two bands, one traditional and one rock and roll, provided continuous music at Homecoming Two. The Homecoming parade scheduled for Saturday morning was cancelled because of weather conditions. As usual, there were few good exhibits. Dillon ' s " Quiet Village " was the exception and won first place in the judging. Morrissey ' s " Pitt and the Pendulum " captured the runner-up award. Most halls seemed to follow the sign in Farley ' s window: " Who really gives a damn? " The Pitt Panthers were the biggest surprise of the weekend. Notre Dame held only a 7-0 advantage at half- time; however Ara ' s forces quickly changed that in the third quarter and the game ended a 40-0 rout. Attention strayed from the game as St. Mary ' s unfolded their sign welcoming Notre Dame ' s " hometown honeys " ; for their trouble the girls were pelted with snowballs from the unshoveled student section. The Ray Charles concert Saturday night brought the weekend to a fitting climax. Charles captivated his au- dience with " Georgia " and " What I Say, " with his easy banter and showmanship. 236 Opposite, Howard Hall ' s third place Home- coming display. Left, Ray Charles. Below, Barbara Cunneen of St. Mary ' s of the Woods College, 1966 Homecoming Queen. 237 238 SOCIAL LIFE ON CAMPUS f clatter of glasses, the amplified noise of the Shaggs, an orange-red stamp on the hand, and shoulder-to- shoulder dancing: a Senior Class Party at the Laurel Club. Five times larger than any fraternity gathering, these parties have become trademarks of Notre Dame. Not far away, the Notre Dame bar district rocks with Louie ' s, Quo Vadis, and the Flamingo. In a crowded basement, deafening strains of the Victory March pierce a smoky atmosphere as two revelers wave mugs at the Senior Bar. Streets away, a sagging house sways to the beat of the Stones at an impromptu party. Social life exists in many forms, but generally is come-as-it-may. Although subject to the lack of incen- tive and social stagnation common to all-male univer- sities, Notre Dame students never seem to sit back contentedly until a Friday date for St. Mary ' s or a week- end in Chicago. Co-ed classes and student organizations have abetted a new social pattern on campus during an otherwise dull week. Wednesday nights at the Senior Bar, after-tutoring beer and pizza sessions at Frankie ' s, skiffles, and mixed tables at the Huddle have induced the students to date more than on weekends. Yet a certain degree of social apathy exists on cam- pus. Complaints of too few girls and a lack of on-campus activities are heard. Although the Social Commission has tried to please everyone with concerts and mixers, " what ' s there to do at Notre Dame? " remains a com- mon question. LaFo rtune Student Center, with patroling paternal figures and standing room only, provides little encouragement for staying on campus. But the picture is not as bleak as this would indicate. During the football season, Notre Dame seems to be unrivaled in social activity. Thousands of people are on campus for pre-game rallies, post-game cocktail par- ties in the dorms, sunset walks at the lake, and Satur- day night dances. The campus takes on a co-ed ap- pearance and, for the moment, a co-ed mentality. Opposite, below, St. Mary ' s sophomore Betty Doerr. Below, Sister Car- rie of the Raylets, the female vocal group which backs up Ray Charles. 239 Above, The Clancy Brothers and Tommy Makem came to campus for the third time in as many years last fall and again nearly filled Stepan Center. Right, The Social Commission sponsored road company produc- tion of " The Fantastiks " played to two capacity audiences in early November. SOCIAL LIFE ON CAMPUS For many, the last home game signals the return to a drab existence of studying, tests, and an infrequent night out at Sweeney ' s. With the first snow flurries and mid-terms, this fate seems all but final. Yet January, February, and March somehow pass as quickly as the autumn months, with the emphasis indoors. Just after exams, Mardi Gras is one of the highlights of the year. The carnival atmosphere pervading Stepan and the rest of the campus, the sudden appearence of new girls, and cooperative painting and construction of gambling booths for student clubs induces a new amenity toward St. Mary ' s. This year, the Bourbon Street and Your Father ' s Moustache theme of the dance and parties were perhaps the most creative of all Social Commis- sion endeavors, and much more realistic than a Stepan Center ball with potted ferns. When the sprinklers are seen again on the green quads and the frisbee and water fights begin, Notre Dame comes alive again. Commuting to classes from the Dunes suddenly is little different than driving up Angela to Notre Dame, and beach parties satisfy the year-long craving for a decent social life. Again the girls appear en masse for a spring football weekend and the dorm porches attract dancing and live bands. Social life does exist and is a vital part of Notre Dame. Proximity to St. Mary ' s is an asset; its social facilities are similar to Notre Dame ' s, although obvious- ly less extensive. Without S.M.C., Notre Dame would experience worse conditions than the annoying presence of perfume and high heels in the library. Socially, the Notre Dame man is challenged: he must either complain about what he doesn ' t have or enjoy what he has. 240 241 STUDENT LIFE ST. MARY ' S Above, Or. Milko Jeglic, head of the mathe- matics department at St. Mary ' s. Right, soph- omore Barb Schleck. 242 N, lotre Dame ' s policy changes ignited a small revolution at St. Mary ' s. Curfew abolishment soon echoed across the road as the girls clamored for extended hours. As a result, convent-like restrictions were discarded for 1:30 weekend permissions. A new student government confronted the faults and merits of St. Mary ' s anti- quated policies, aiming toward a liberal arts college for women instead of girls. Self-governance succeeded ad- ministration-imposed rule, givingthestudents the chance of guiding themselves. The campus judicial board of students replaced the Dean ' s carpet in determining discipline. Yet personal responsibility rather than a recognized honor code decides student action, and the shadow of the administration ' s final say is obvious. The paradox of St. Mary ' s is the continuation of its home-spun image, and the attempt, like other women ' s colleges such as Webster, to escape the small Catholic girls ' school label. With girls attending classes at Notre Dame, perhaps a university attitude will penetrate be- hind the " stone gates at the Dixie " both academically and socially. The St. Mary ' s girl no longer conforms to an image. Coming from both public and parochial schools, she has emerged from the " sheltered, Catholic trained little girl " to the more sophisticated co-ed of the ' 60 ' s. Al- though she remains slightly conservative, she con- sciously seeks to be modern and open-minded. Nearly fifty per cent of last year ' s senior class now attend graduate school, an ironic contrast to the school ' s over- worked social image. Yet like Notre Dame, St. Mary ' s also has strong emo- tional and sentimental attractions. Close friend and teacher relationships, only possible at a small college, and the " collegiate sentimentality " of the Fighting Irish, are crucial elements in the feelings of a St. Mary ' s girl toward her school. 243 Below, Junior Peggy O ' Connor. Bottom, St. Mary ' s switchboard attempts to serve twelve hundred girls and the facul ty offices through seven outside lines. Plans are being made, however, to install phones in each room next year, an obvious solution to the current overloading. STUDENT LIFE ST. MARY ' S Notre Dame has always influenced St. Mary ' s. Be- sides offering a surplus of men, Notre Dame shares all its social functions with St. Mary ' s from coffee hours to pep rallies. Co-operative social commissions have tried to co-ordinate their schedules, although St. Mary ' s relies heavily upon Notre Dame, offering no more than an annual fall mixer and an occasional movie or punch and popcorn party. The clubhouse has never seemed available for a senior class party; the coffee shop closes at 8:30; the social center is neon lighted, and the library closes at six on weekends. Only the banks of Lake Marian, McCandless patio, and the Reignbeaux window- sills remain for on-campus extracurriculars. The hostility problem between Notre Dame and St. Mary ' s originates partially in the social contact. Rela- tionships which rarely get past the " Hello . . . what ' s your name . . . your major? " basis at the cute little mix- ers at both schools accomplish nothing more than crushed egos, hurt feelings and that " shot down " feel- ing. If dating follows such a fateful meeting, it is as artificial as the first impression basis on which it be- gan. Co-ed classes and discussion groups induce stu- dents to meet on a more authentic basis. Hearing the male or female opinion in class is somewhat more realistic than the random rotation encounters in the Rathskellar or superficial small-talk at Stepan. Both sexes have found clubs to be the best solution for meet- ing someone sharing common interests. Perhaps with more women on campus at Notre Dame during the non- social week, the ill-conceived attitude toward St. Mary ' s as a marriage bureau or finishing school will change to that of a recognized educational institution. St. Mary ' s is an indepentent college, yet continues to identify itself as " across the road from Notr e Dame. " The successful showings on the General Electric Col- lege Bowl this year were among the few public, academ- ic accolades the college has earned. But St. Mary ' s must speak out if it wants to be heard or recognized as a modern college and emerge from its hushed, unpro- claimed existence. If the academic side of St. Mary ' s somehow becomes more prominent than its busy tele- phones and display of Notre Dame jewelry, the college and the students will earn the intellectual respect and recognition they deserve. 244 245 246 SOCIAL LIFE SOUTH BEND Opposite, Sweeney ' s, serving its traditional green beer, is standing room only on St. Patrick ' s Day. Right, The Senior Bar, a product of last year ' s senior class, has become the most popular club in town. Beside danc- ing, the club boasts occasional silent film shows on weeknights. I he city of South Bend is to most students a place to buy the things not available at the Bookstore or Gil- bert ' s, a place to catch a train to Chicago, or more im- portant a place to drink. The active endeavors of the tutoring program and CILA are the extent of personal contact with the city ' s residents, and for most students, the city ' s primary and perhaps only contribution is a place of entertainment. Even here, its appeal is limited. None of the four movie theaters consistently match the quality of movies shown on campus by the Film Society. The Morris Civic Auditorium presents an eclectic program ranging from road company productions of Broadway shows to the " Grand 01 ' Opry, " and Indiana University extension produces several competent plays yearly. But similar productions on campus or the professional theater in Chicago are more appealing to students. Unlike most college towns, there is no concentrated ent ertainment district. Ohio State has High Street and Georgetown, M Street, but South Bend ' s few offerings are scattered throughout town. More significant is the dearth of places which actively cater to students. Al- though Notre Dame does not have the number of stu- dents nor South Bend the clientele to support a variety of night clubs or discotheques, the state ' s stringent liquor restrictions aggravate the problem. The students are left with a limited choice of bars and restaurants. Both the Senior Bar, begun last year, and Giuseppe ' s offer dancing, but cater only to seniors. Donny ' s was the closest thing to a " collegiate bar " in town until it closed last year after harassment by city officials and a fire. Louie ' s, and to a lesser extent Rocco ' s, have taken its place, but both are basically restaurants and neither has the informal atmosphere of Donny ' s. The rest of the places, Frankie ' s, Sweeney ' s, Kubiak ' s et. al. have neither atmosphere nor good food. They remain popular neither for tradition nor con- venience; students simply have nowhere better to go. 247 D uring the first six days of the second semester, Mardi Gras was the last major social event before the spring proms. Under the general chairman Don Potter, The Mardi Gras committee tried to organize a financially efficient event around a traditionaly New Orleans motif. Preceding the week of festivities, the raffle publicity emphasized both the prizes to be won and the charity donations of Mardi Gras. The raffle alone grossed over $29,000, and the week as a whole netted over $25,000 for charity. A pre-exam kickoff party replaced the fall Mardi Gras kickoff concert. The Chicago Your Father ' s Mustache brought its Dixieland, sing-along night club to Christ the King Hall, complete with peanuts and beer and Chaplin silents. The week-long carnival in Stepan Center created a miniature combination of Bourbon Street and Las Vegas. The twenty-five campus-club booths ranged in design from the Washington-Maryland-Virginia ' s George- town night club to Morrissey ' s " Psychedelia. " The booths were almost always crowded, and the carnival set its all-time attendence record for the week. The band from Your Father ' s Mustache returned as one of four bands at the Friday-night Mardi Gras I ball. The Softwinds alternated with dance music, and two piano " bars " supplemented the main dance floor of the North Dining Hall. In the Student Center, Mardi Gras II continued the tradition of the year ' s lesser dances by alternating a rock-and-roll band with a con- ventional dance band. Saturday afternoon at the Morris Civic Auditorium, The Kingston Trio gave their usual professional concert, and the weekend closed with a Communion Breakfast. Mardi Gras accomplished its declared intent of pro- viding money for charity and showed as well the im- magination necessary to make the week a success. SOCIAL LIFE MARDI GRAS Right, the Your Father ' s Mustache Dixieland band proved to be one of the most popular combos to appear on campus. Their kickoff party, a beer and peanut sing along, was attended by over 800 people. 248 249 Above, Paula Clark and Bob Reidy at a Blue Circle Dunes Party. The Dunes have been the site of parties for CILA, Dillon Hall, and other organizations during the fall and spring. Opposite, right, Lake Michigan ' s temperature is still in the 50 ' s but stu- dents can ' t postpone the first swim of the year. 250 Oocial resurgence followed the spring thaws, and after a bleak Indiana winter, Notre Dame students wel- comed the reappearance of girls on campus. The social climax of the year, prom weekends offer a hectic and expensive way to impress the girls from home. The junior, sophomore and freshman classes combined this year for a tri-class prom, while the seniors sipped cham- pale under the dimly lit decorations of a reminiscent theme. The senior prom, nevertheless, was most re- membered for its pre-prom parties. After Friday ' s hurrying from airport to hotel to par- ties and finally to the dance, most couples spent a more relaxing Saturday at the Michigan dunes. With May temperatures still cold at lakeside, liquor and warmth were the prime objectives of the long afternoon under the blankets. SOCIAL PROMS AND DUNES 251 STUDENT LIFE RELIGION E nthusiasm for renewal of religion this year tempered into a cool spirit of evaluation, redefinition, and more calculated experimentation, characterized by a calm but persistent discovery of religious expression by some stu- dents. Although Notre Dame witnessed no event as prominent as the post-Vatican II conference of early 1966, the religious response to that meeting set the atmosphere for the emergence of a few significant vehi- cles of faith-communication: successful community masses at Dillon and Morrissey halls, the establishment of a theology graduate union, expansion into more diverse areas of undergraduate theological inquiry in the form of formal and informal courses, lectures, and retreats. Over the altar, a bright red banner: " War . . . never again. " Beneath, a nun in heels and street clothes, without veil, rises to read the epistle. Three young con- celebrating priests (Frs. Burrell, Burtchaell, and Bartell) moderate a dialogue-sermon in which all worshippers present are invited to contribute any insights. At the offertory, a student strums his guitar, while oral peti- tions from members of the Mass community pray for families, girlfriends, football teams, and prostitutes, for Communists and the dead dwelling amongst us, for those who do not know how to pray and all those caught in the crossfire of war. All gather around the altar to place a whole wheat host upon the paten of the media- tor, who joins in chanting an offertory psalm. Following a folk Lord ' s Prayer, the worshippers express their fellowship in Christ by shaking hands, in peace. In the dark, quaint medieval chapel of Morrissey Hall, the service finishes with all " shouting from the highest mountain the glory of the Lord . . . sharing with each other the wonders of their God. " This same chapel became the site of community penance services each Monday evening, at which all present confessed their faults privately and then discussed difficulties of Chris- tian apostleship. On the first anniversary of Pope Paul ' s plea for peace addressed in the United Nations, a group of graduate theology students organized a Peace Vigil in Morrissey ' s chapel. Throughout the day and evening, between reflections on man ' s condition, peace in the world, and peace of mind, prayers were offered and a litany of the slums was recited: " 0 God, who pushes a baby carriage at night to the cans of another ' s garbage and claims it as his treasure. Help us to know you. " Similar celebration of the human spirit were wit- nessed at Dillon Hall chapel. Every week-night at 11:30 Fr. James Burtchaell and super-fervent Christians " sang to the Lord a new song: what he called, " Christ ' s party in which all are invited to enjoy each others company around His table. " Guest preachers ranged from Peace Corps representatives and Lay Extension Volunteers to visiting psychologists and resident theologians. To tighten the unities created within the new stay hall system, separate sections held parties before the community worship. Inartisic statues were dumped out of windows, but were replaced by a fresh youthful service which students could call their own. Special masses arose to meet particular needs. After a weekly mass held at the Keenan-Stanford chapel for all graduate students, coffee and donuts were served followed by an informal discussion within that commu- nity. Many students, and faculty members sought more intelligent sermons, and a brighter environment than Sacred Heart Church by attending Sunday Mass at Moreau Seminary. Spirited guitar and organ music, and especially the preaching from theologian Fr. John Dunne and the intensive guest psychologist, Fr. Henri Nouwen, added to the warm greetings of the seminarians who acted as hosts, ushers, guides, and baby-sitters. YCS responded to the crowded attendance at Moreau by creating a similarly intimate community service at Holy Cross High School chapel. A coffee and donut des- sert following the spiritual feast allowed informal faculty and student discussion of religion. New lecture series offered additional opportunities outside of class to discuss theological ideas which had been introduced formally in class hours. Religion reached the St. Mary ' s volleyball courts as Frs. Burrell, Burtchaell, and Holy Cross nuns spent Sunday after- noons with students. Discussions which followed ranged from " Authority and Conscience in the Church, " to " Birth Control, How Soon? " Moreau seminarians ini- tiated their own Sunday evening lecture series, inviting guest theologians to speak specifically to the semi- narians ' academic and social problems. New voices in the classroom treated novel topics; the undergraduate had the opportunity to study under Rabbi Karff, woman theologian Dr. Ford, or the foremost American Old Testament scholar, Fr. McKenzie, S.J. Many campus priests attended a pastoral care series of talks and seminars from the Dutch psychologist Fr. Henri Nouwen. Finally, religion in print sought new outlets and identy. With the demise of the religious bulletin and the last year ' s Canticle, some students saw the need for a less sermonizing, more open forum for the Christian campus. The Christian Activist, unnoticed for two is- sues, changed its name to Dialouge. With more diversity in form, including poems, reprints from Commonweal and various other religious magazines, the faculty viewpoints on contemporary theological, moral, and social problems, circulation increased slightly. Although the religious attitude was not the aggres- sive one sometimes suggested in last year ' s " pastoral gap " discussions, religious opportunities for the in- terested were plentiful; but the interested were few. 252 Below, Fr. James Burtchell just returned from Oxford celebrating the evening mass in Dillon ' s chapel. Right, Waldemar Otto ' s Pieta in the Moreau Seminary courtyard. 253 M loreau Seminary was in the past divorced from most university functions. Both Fr. Louis Putz, the new su- perior of Moreau, and the seminarians themselves are aware of the difficulty of integrating seminarians with the rest of the University ' s students. This year under Fr. Putz ' s direction there has been a concentrated effort to develop contacts between students and seminarians. The cassock, a chief cause of the separation felt by many of the seminarians is now optional; to Fr. Putz, students in the University identified the cassock with the administration: seminarians, then, were not consid- ered fellow students. Seminarians are encouraged to join any campus activity, and Moreau is attempting to ob- tain a seat in the senate or the Hall Presidents Council. Yet Moreau ' s primary function remains the under- graduate education of young men studying fo r the priesthood. Although its members are Notre Dame stu- dents, the seminary is entirely separate from the uni- versity. Its policies are set by the Congregation of Holy Cross and are under the control of the Provincial. The seminary was designed to serve the Congregation ' s In- diana, Canadian and Eastern provinces but the latter two provinces founded their own seminaries causing a drop in the number of students at Moreau. To offset this, the Provincial initiated a program allowing semi- narians from other orders or dioceses to study at Moreau. In the first year of this program two Dutch seminarians will be at Moreau. Moreau is fundamentally a religious community. As such, a sense of fellowship develops which is impos- sible to attain in the regular halls of the university. The building itself facilitates this since each person has a private room and there are small study lounges on each floor. A library, television room, and music rooms are in the basement. In addition Moreau has its own chapel, dining hall, gym, auditorium, and classrooms. Seminarians propose most of their own rule changes through five committees which refer them to Fr. Putz and the house council. Final approval or rejection of each new rule is given at weekly meetings attended by the entire community. There is no curfew within the hall, although attendance is required at morning prayers, meditation at seven, vespers and Mass at five each night. There is no longer a predetermined course of study at Moreau. Previously forced to major in philosophy in preparation for further theological studies, seminarians are now allowed to choose whatever major they wish. While the majority have remained in arts and letters, they are distributed throughout the university. To make use of existing facilities and to utilize a central loca- tion for the seminarians, several courses are taught at Moreau, but these are open to all university students. After Moreau some students go to American univer- sities for graduate work. Most go to either Holy Cross College in Washington, D.C., to prepare for teaching or pastoral duties, or to Rome for advanced theological studies. The ultimate decision on whether he wants to teach, do pastoral work, or go into administrative work in one of the Congregation ' s schools is now left largely to each seminarian. 254 Below, left, Seminarian Stu Snow (fourth from left), Tom Ma- lone, Marty Rini, Rod Julian, Jeff Kenton, Mr. Frank O ' Malley, and Chic Cichalski at dinner in Moreau ' s dining hall after Sun- day mass in the chapel. Right, The stained glass windows sur- rounding the chapel were designed by Fr. Lauck, head of the Art Department. Bottom, Fr. Henri Nouwen. RELIGION MOREAU SEMINARY 255 THE ARTS UNIVERSITY THEATER I he projected merger between Notre Dame and St. Mary ' s was pioneered this year in the area of theater. Notre Dame ' s University Theater formerly staged a total of three productions a year, generally including one Broadway musical and a Shakespearean play. Similiarly, the better equipped St. Mary ' s Theater was producing a triad: one Greek classical, one light topical, and an indeterminate third. The merger has resulted in a five play series which this year retained the Shakespeare and the musical. Several obvious advantages bless this union. The choice of a work is now less encumbered by facility con- siderations. The three stages now available are distinct enough to accommodate all but the most extravagant of plays. Similiarly the acting pool may be drawn upon with less potluck, for the plays may now be spaced intelligently and planned far in advance. Most impor- tant administrative angst has been lifted from the shoulders of the many and concentrated in Fr. Harvey ' s office. This last advantage was tangibly evident in Mr. Hayes ' Playboy of the Western World, surely the most competent theater of the year. Hayes, formerly shackled by his pos ition as head of the St. Mary ' s Theater, was able for the first time to present the University with the style and control expected from him. With one head and four active directors, the combined theater has an op- portunity for a diversity and personality not shown in the past. One might in future years expect to find in a single season a Greek classic, a 17th century revenge tragedy, a play from the European absurd, a major Brecht piece, and a popular American play by Williams, for this sort of variety is now possible with the enlarged choice of directors, actors, and production area. In ad- dition there was an apparent increase in production expenditure this year. Coupled with an interest in exact- ing stage effects, this could help lend diversity and ex- citement to the series the sort of excitement experi- enced in Mr. Syburg ' s imaginative The Firebugs of the 1966 season. There are a few drawbacks to the merger as well, not the least of which is the loss of competition between rival theaters. There is always the possibility in a large but unified group that a single theater policy will be established, which could curb the diversity and personal initiative which must give it its strength. The exact direction which the theater will take can- not be inferred from its pioneer year. It is beyond doubt, hope, or question that either the Shakespeare or the musical will ever be deleted. This is certainly not an in- surmountable handicap, though it does dip deeply into the production budget and leaves but three plays to present the community with something new, styled, and exciting. Three plays is enough, however; indeed one or two meticulously wrought plays would be enough. 256 Below, Judy Muench in The Playboy of the Western World. 257 THE ARTS UNIVERSITY THEATER Below, Marcella Lynyak and Bill Ellis in The Tempest. Opposite, above, Maureen Coyne, Marcella Lynyak, and Patricia Moran in The Madwoman of Chaillot. Below, Martin Doucette in The Potting Shed. Perhaps next year there will be one venture beyond the conventional, but this year there was no attempt to stage anything intrinsically bizarre. The three " open " works were uniformly twentieth century and traditional in structure. Other than this, though, there is little in common among Synge, Giraudoux, and Graham Greene. There was even less in common among the particular productions of these plays this year. To initiate the series, Fr. Harvey selected Greene ' s The Potting Shed, perhaps to mirror his autumn success last year with A Man For All Seasons. Both plays are of contemporary British origin, though anachronistic in form. Both deal with religious values and structured moral decisions. Both starred Terry Franke. And both were extremely long. The mirror, however, was of such alloyed constitution as to make further comparison ridiculous. The Potting Shed is simply a horrendous play. Its heavy moralizing strangles any attempt at hon- est theater. Fr. Harvey recognized the play ' s only possi- ble thrust: to stimulate moral thought and discussion by embodying in characters several extreme positions re- garding God and guilt. Unfortunately he was forced to emphasize the profundity of these issues and the status of his characters in relation to them. The result appeared to be a slow brow-beating, an almost insulting game of spiritual hide-and-seek. Terry Franke was a competent seeker, but it seemed that even he was tired of the search by the end of Act II. There were, however, no noticeable mistakes or miscalculations except in the choice of such a miserable play. The Tempest is not a miserable play. It is a great play and stunning theater. This was glimpsed mainly in the first scene of the final act when Prospero ' s play " gathers to a head. " It was obvious to Mr. Syburg and the audienc e that this is one of the great scenes in world drama. He handled it respectfully and confidently, with Ariel portrayed somewhat curiously by Amanda Crabtree weaving into actuality the cadenced com- 258 mands of Prospero, who orders his universe for the last time. Franke, as Prospero, sensed the beauty of the drama and turned his always superb diction into well executed statement. In comparison, the rest of the play seemed treated with less care, as though it were enough to get Shakespeare on stage with the lines and direc- tions straight. Perhaps he is too big a playwright, per- haps he demands too much talent and too much calcu- lated control for a college theater group with a limited rehearsing schedule. Nonetheless the uninitiated did get an opportunity to see a marvelous work of art, while the more sophisticated could applaud some worthy moments. This year ' s truly worthy piece of theater was the gift of John M. Synge and Mr. Dennis J. Hayes. The Play- boy of the Western World is a tightly woven, chameleon work. Hayes opted for one aspect of the play, the ludi- crous, and maintained that compactness which makes Playboy work in the first place. The production was so personally stylized, so carefully assembled, that no question of interpretation could possibly arise. One at last could recline in one ' s seat and receive appreciative- ly what was being offered. From the first broguey ex- change between Pegeen Mike and Sean Keough, played with authority and flexibility by Judy Muench and Robert Reidy respectively, to the startlingly delightful curtain call jig, Hayes was in command. Most successful of all was Christy ' s (Robert Allen) initial entrance, which is certainly among the finest moments of theater seen here in four years. Significantly Terry Franke, in the rather minor role of Michael James Flaherty, was more effective than in his previous work, which had been promising, sporadically impressive, but ultimately amorphous. The imaginative blocking of the ensemble of villagers, together with the consistent precision of timing, eradicated any flaws or insufficiencies which might ordinarily have dulled the production in retro- spect. It was an enjoyable evening in Washington Hall, and it is this which is remembered. 259 THE ARTS UNIVERSITY THEATER 260 The Madwoman of Chaillot will be remembered not quite so long. In contrast to the well-knit Playboy, The Madwoman sprawled across the stage, and in the case of O ' Laughlin Auditorium, that is some distance. Al- though there are forty characters in the work, the quick rhythms of the dialogue should have been able to unite the inevitable loose ends. Mr. Bain, directing his first local play, was often too preoccupied with thesis or obvious effect to conduct the dialogue swiftly and mat- ter-of-factly. In consequence, the thesis was overstated, the less flashy scenes were obviously and irremediably dull, and a careful play became only a good idea, along with some instants of snappy theater. In almost Brechtian style, Bain had the singer from the play serenade the audience as the stage was assem- bled by the cast. When all was ready, the actors spieled into their studied styles. There is no doubt that those who were most aware of the people around them were most successful Robert Keefe as the Ragpicker and R. Emmet Allen as the Sewer Man, for example. The role of the Madwoman herself is one of the most coveted and difficult of the twentieth century. Few col- lege actresses would enter into it without legitimate trepidation. After a pair of bad roles, Marcella Lynyak bolstered her magnificent lines with excellent facial control. She was pompous and forceful, as she should have been, but without let-up so that for all her clipped, overly accentuated projecting, she was at last not so forceful as a more economical and quicker approach might have been. This was especially evident in the marvellous scene involving the three madwomen at tea. Maureen Coyne and Patricia Moran were fresh, weighing every line, and the scene was one of the play ' s finest. Technical aspects were professionally in order. Cos- tuming is never the greatest problem in a morality play; nonetheless Miss Vrancken did an excellent job. The stage, particularly the staircase and moveable walls of the second act, was also functional, though more depth to the performing area might have reduced the sprawling sense, concentrating the action, accelerating the exchanges, and heightening spectator interest. Mr. Bain obviously thought the play through deeply and is to be credited with bringing Giraudoux, with a viable interpretation, to the campus. If he is to be criti- cized, it is for splitting theatricality and content. There were moments that appeared to be straight from a variety show and others that were lugubriously cared for and hence weighty. The play was intentionally a " show " with a message but the players must work for the show and not for the audience, vaudeville style. Excellent work may be expected in coming years from the intelligent direction of Mr. Bain. Personality and diversity may be expected from the newly combined theater, which next year should function more smoothly. Opposite, left, Terry Franke in The Potting Shed. Right, Marcella Lynyak as Aurelia, The Madwoman of Chaillot. Above, Amanda Crabtree and Terry Franke in The Tempest 261 Top, The Indiana Brass Quintet. Bottom, Violinist Paul Doktor and organist Marilyn Mason. Opposite, Edward Smith and Elizabeth Humes of the Philidor Trio. lo introduce fine music to a largely unconcerned and culturally isolated campus and to provide live concert experience for students in basic music appreciation courses, the Music Department annually sponsors a se- ries of classical concerts. The program is varied, includ- ing all modes, except the symphony, and provides the regular concert-goer with a solid background. This year ' s calendar presented recitals and several outstanding performances. The Indiana Brass Quintet, members of the Indianapolis Symphony, opened the sea- son before an enthusiastic audience in Washington Hall. The Aeolian Trio, faculty members from DePauw Univer- sity, came to campus in late November. The pianist, cellist, and violinist played a curious mixture of classi- cal and modern composers Mozart, Schubert, Bee- thoven and Hayden. Violinist Christian Ferras, unfortunately gave his concert in Washington Hall on the evening of a field- house pep rally. The temperamental Ferras, obviously annoyed at the dismal attendance and the shrieking air- horns, stormed onstage and launched into the demand- ing Saint-Saens " Havanaise, " demonstrating his tech- nical virtuosity throughout the concert which consisted primarily of pieces by Bach. Pianist Marion Hall gave a superb performance which included a Schubert sonata, Scarlatti, and the sel- dom performed and technically demanding Beethoven " Eroica " Variations. In December another pianist, Robert Morris, presented a program of Ravel, Bartok, Dello Joio, and Chopin. Tenor James Schwabacher gave a lecture- recital on the development of the art song with examples ranging from Henry Purcell and Mozart to Charles Ives and Walter Berry. Although Schwabacher ' s knowledge of the subject was obviously extensive, his presentation was disappointing, lasting only forty-five minutes. In late February, the Philidor Trio of the New York Pro Musica braved the competition of Henry Mancini to appear on campus. Composed of harpsichord, flute or recorder and soprano, and trio has done extensive re- search in the works of Nandel, Purcell and several lesser known Baroque composers. The concert evidenced the spectacular results of this research. Shelly Gruskin ' s Suite from " The Bird Fancier ' s Delight " by Handel on the soprano recorder, Edward Smith ' s harpsichord solo of Handel ' s Suite No. 5 in E Major, and Elizabeth Humes ' three Handel arias drew enthusiastic ovations. 262 THE ARTS CONCERTS 263 THE ARTS LECTURES Above, Count Erice von Kunhelt-Leiddihn. Opposite, above, Challenges in Science lecturer Linus Pauling spoke on Molecular Evolution and Disease. Right, A. J. Ayer lectured on the Nature of the Philosophical Inquiry for the Philosophy Department ' s Perspectives in Philosophy series. Below, Dr. William Masters lectured on campus during the university ' s Conference on Population. n outstanding characteristic of the year was the quan- tity of excellent lectures delivered on campus. Two col- leges, Arts and Letters and Science, produced excellent series, while both the student government Academic Commission and the Sophomore class sponsored con- sistently high quality lecturers. All the series concen- trated on presenting men and women of solid academic backgrounds rather than merely current newsmakers. The philosophy department brought some of the most important figures in modern philosophy to campus for its new " Perspectives in Philosophy " series, which was both a graduate level course and a public lecture series. A. J. Ayer, Steven Korner, and Martin Versfeld were among the six men who gave a series of eighteen lec- tures throughout the year. A corresponding " Challenges in Science " program presented Linus Pauling, Edward Teller and other renowned scientists to the student body. The Academic Commission ' s " Distinguished Lec- turer " series featured a much broader spectrum of speakers. James Farmer, former national director of CORE, spoke early in the fall on the tenor of the Civil Rights movement. Later in the semester, Hannah Arendt of the University of Chicago spoke on " Truth and Political Freedom, " a lecture which was the basis of an article subsequently published in The New Yorker. Drs. William Masters and Virginia Johnson addressed almost a thousand Notre Dame and St. Mary ' s students and faculty who thronged Washington Hall on a Friday afternoon in early December. Masters and Johnson im- pressed their audience with the scope of information but the lecture was conducted entirely on a question and answer basis, not confined to any specific topic. The Sophomore class gave its first annual literary festi- val which this year presented a series of Faulkner scholars. History professor James Silver of Notre Dame, a personal friend of Faulkner, aided the class in ar- ranging a series of lectures, symposia and films on the author. Scholars who participated included Joseph Blotner of Virginia, Olga Vickery of California and Michael Milgate of Toronto. Debate on the speaker policy was revived this year over the censorship last spring of Fr. Gomar DePauw. Dormant since the administration two years ago over- ruled a senate resolution that the student body have the right to determine campus speakers, the issue was introduce dearly this fall in a Senate motion reiterating the student right. The resolution was defeated within the Senate itself, but in March the senators finally united to pass an " academic freedom proposal. " The administration ' s speaker ' s policy sustained the primarily educational function of lecturers at Notre Dame, and in an outstanding year, provided the student both deep consideration in specialized areas and excel- lent opportunities to broaden his academic background. 264 265 THE ARTS IPP P; t In such times as these, when the voice of antique bards sounds but mutely and the bullwhip meandering through the rushes trebles briefly from his emerald nest, we approach the works of the Impersonal Pro- nouns with a profound. Not all the quigtrantillipies nor the tremulous notes of the quivering banderblast can force from us an opinion that differs greatly from the above. Even the FLOP of the antipodes joins in celebrat- ing this, their year in a fifth existence. For on a night as black as elbow grease, five lentemenous springs past, Commander Morris marshalled his men on the steps of the then architecture and prepared to produce. This year on nights of similar proportions, the same had ensued. But 0! in the jaws of younger warriors! Coco! Burns! O ' Connor! Franny! and Zooey! (But a few to name the least.) But men and women and others of like stature and remarkable frixability. They have hoed up the kernel of the Present! And from the fring-doodle of their successors will bulge forth the forth of the Future! Their recurrent productions of Keep Tightly Closed In a Cool Dry Place and of Play were not mere blips on the ramp of life but were, indeed, prayers prayers to end persecution, to keep the home fires burn- ing, to root out decay, and to support your local chapter. All who witnessed them claimed to be reclacified. So we must, shall, will and therefore enforce this tradition of silitaneous kinlectimy in order that the final words of Cyril Tourneur may continue as a limpta- eous reality: " Excuse me, but I must zip my fly! " Opposite, Jim Garcia and Dick O ' Connor. Left, Play director Dan Burns and Dick O ' Connor. Below, Christine Costello, A. L. Soens and Lillian Bogle in Samuel Beckett ' s Play. 267 THE ARTS STUDENT-FACULTY FILM SOCIETY 268 In its short ten year existence, the Student-Faculty Film Society has grown into one of the most productive and popular of campus groups. The principal work of the Society is the selection and presentation of the Cinema ' 67 series, which this year attempted to cover most of the principal periods of film production, a sur- vey including works ranging from von Stroheim ' s Greed and the pioneering Potemkin to Jean-Luc Godard ' s Alpha- ville. Among some seldom-screened films in the program was Rouben Mamoulian ' s Love Me Tonight, in which Mau- rice Chevalier and Jeannette MacDonald parodied the roles they would play in future Hollywood spectaculars. In addition to Cinema ' 67, the Society with the co- operation of other departments of the University spon- sored a Coct eau retrospective, a series of films from early American film comedy, a spurt of French films and an experimental film festival featuring the com- plete works of Maya Deren and Bruce Connor. To accommodate its growing audiences, the Society moved to Washington Hall and the Center for Continu- ing Education for the screening of most of its films, and kept the campus alive with a steady stream of visiting filmmakers and lecturers, such as David Secter, who screened his film Winter Kept Us Warm, Robert Snyder, and William Treadwell, an authority on W. C. Fields. A group affiliated with the Society, the Notre Dame Filmmakers, was created this year in an attempt to satisfy student interest in film production. Apart from its purchase of new film equipment and the production of five competent films, the Filmmakers could claim little more at the end of its first year than a title, a budget, and a wide-eyed fascination with the fictive power of the sergent ' s eye. CINEMA ' 67 UtllD A DAY IN THE COUNTHY SYMPHONIC PASTORALE Left, Film Society president Dudley Andrew lectures before one of the Cinema ' 67 showings in the Kellogg Center. 269 _u r Above, The University of Illinois Jazz Band won the Best Big Band trophy and the Down Beat Award. Right, The Leon Schipper Quintet was named Best Com- bo. Opposite above, Program Editor John Noel and General Chairman Paul Schla- ver. Below, Trumpeter Donald Byrd and Fr. Carl Hager, head of the Music de- partment at Notre Dame were members of the CJF Jazz Symposium. 270 B uilding on the shaky foundations of a near-failure last year, the Collegiate Jazz Festival this year assured the position of college jazz at Notre Dame. Co-sponsor- ship by Down Beat magazine remedied the consistent financial insolvency of the past se veral years, while the CJF committee, under chairman Paul Schlaver, con- centrated on extensive reorganization and publicity. In attempting to define its position within the move- ment of jazz, the committee took on a larger challenge than any recent festival. A kick-off concert lecture by Jamey Aebersold began an attempt to increase under- standing and interest on campus. The festival weekend itself was extended to include a high school festival and a symposium on " the Current State of Jazz. " Limited to Indiana schools, the high school festival promoted the idiom among young musicians, and an excellent performance by the Lincoln High School Band of Vin- cennes, the contest winner, and the annual appearance of the Melodons of Notre Dame High School showed how good the young performers can be. The poorly at- tended symposium featured discussions by the CJF judging panel on avant garde and commercial jazz and jazz education, emphasizing the academic stature of jazz. An impressive judging panel included Robert Share, Administrator of the Berklee School of Music, young composer Lalo Schifrin, composer-critic William Russo, and Donald DeMicheal, editor of Down Beat. The climax was the actual festival, held in four Fri- day and Saturday sessions in Stepan Center. Retaining its national character, CFJ drew entries from California to MIT. -Also impressive was the large number of student compositions performed. Yet while new directions in jazz were well reprsented, more traditional forms were also present, and the variety ranged from a Dixieland march- ing band to the plucking of piano strings by a member of a California duo. Late Friday night, a jam session offered inexpensive beer and a chance to hear such notable musicians as judges Donald Byrd and Herbie Hancock. The Saturday night session both provided five hours of entertainment and demonstrated the validity of jazz in the musical tradition. The winning big band, the Uni- versity of Illinois Jazz Band, combined a high musical competence with audience-pleasing theatrics, demon- strating familiarity with classical and avant garde jazz. The Leon Schipper Quintet of Cat-Berkeley captured four individual awards, yet took the best combo title for the unity and coherence of their group performance. Despite a low Notre Dame turn-out, audiences at the sessions were good. Performances were professional and pleasing, yet the festival remained informal and un- commercial, catering largely to the musicians; thus maintaining its stature in college jazz. The major re- organizational problems were solved, and the impor- tance of CJF within the field was established. It remains for future festivals to continue this year ' s vitality and achieve the campus support the event deserves. THE ARTS COLLEGIATE JAZZ FESTIVAL 271 272 Left, Avant garde dancer Eric Hawkins. Below, Arts festival staff: (seat- ed) Bill Coco, Tom Timmins, Chairman Chris Murphy, Jack MacKay. (sanding) Dudley Andrew, Fred Gund, David Brainard, Dave Poltrack, Bill Staszak. Bottom, William Treadwell of Fairfield University lectured on Early American Comedy. THE ARTS ARTS FESTIVAL first Notre Dame South Bend Festival of Con- temporary Arts was in the planning stages a full year before its realization in the first two weeks of April. Immediate problems arose last year in securing neces- sary financial backing while trying to retain musicians and dancers. Student government was favorable to the idea but in lieu of specific plans, the project was doubtful. However festival chairman Chris Murphy achieved a comprehensive and stimulating program. South Bend businessmen agreed to underwrite the receipts and both the University and student govern- ment contributed. Though the capital came only a few months before the scheduled opening of the festival, Murphy and his assistants had been able to secure a number of films, music programs, and a dance troupe. Various students in charge of particular segments of the festival began to get results. J. Dudley Andrew, president of the Student - Faculty Film Society, gathered a variety of Chaplin ' s films, in- cluding Modern Times. Several of W. C. Fields ' shorter works, the Marx Brothers, and Harold Lloyd formed the remainder of the show which was complemented by a lecture on early American comedy given by William Treadwell. The Impersonal Pronouns also re-formed long enough for Bill Coco and Dan Burns to direct a student produc- tion of Samuel Beckett ' s seldom performed Play and Act Without Words. Keynoting the festival, Stanley Kauffmann, former film and drama critic and currently columnist for the New Republic, lectured on " A New Age in the American Theater? " . Although he saw little potential in current Broadway productions, Mr. Kaufman was skeptically optimistic of the proliferating resident, off-off-Broad- way, and university theaters. 273 Above, Stanley Kauffmann. Right, Lucia Dlugoszewski, Erick Hawkins ' accompianist. 274 Tom Timmins, poetry chairman, was responsible for the appearance of Ned O ' Gorman, Galway Kinnell, and Robert Creeley, former editor of the Black Moun- tain Review; the three poets read from their works. A lecture by Mr. O ' Gorman on contemporary poetry en- abled students to meet him and informally discuss his work and reaction to contemporary writing. The Erick Hawkins Modern Dance Company offered both discussion and demonstration of current trends in the art. Mr. Hawkins and Lucia Dlugoszewski, his ac- compianist, gave a joint lecture on contemporary dance and music, followed by a performance of his original works in O ' Laughlin Auditorium. The Chicago Contem- porary Chamber Players presented a concert of twen- tieth century composers and the New York Opera Company performed Verdi ' s Otello. As a whole the festival was intelligently organized and conducted. The artists were accorded respect and intelligent appreciation, while a fairly unstrained rap- port was kept with the audience. Being an initial art festival however, the program suffered the usual mis- haps. Publicity was spotty and some events were can- celled or rescheduled after the programs had been circulated. Although it did not show a profit, the festival revealed considerable future promise. The newly formed Indiana Arts Council was enthusiastic about the festival, and appears ready to lend its support to another next spring. Encouragement from local businessmen and a number of South Bend patrons added further to favorable relations with the non-academic community. In sum, if the quality of this opening festival can be maintained and improved upon in succeed ing years, Mr. Murphy and his assistants may well have originated something of lasting importance to the university. " MAGNIFICENT II Mattino, Florence, Italy " DRAMATIC! " New York rimes, Now York " BRILLIANT! " Republican, Waierbury, Conn. THE ARTS ARTS FESTIVAL 275 HOWD ' YA HOWD ' YA Friday Sept. 13, 1963 . . . " Please fill out the yellow striped card, blue striped card, green striped card and proceed to line B " . . . " Where ' s the English Auditorium? " . . . First game at ND, lost . . . Bye, bye Bliey and Denny Szot ... the freshman quad: water fights and frisbee ... We love Hughey . . . " Please do not throw the cards " . . . " And here it is, the band of the Fighting Irish " . . . " Go back, go back, go back across the road " . . . " Number two in your programs, number one in your heart " . . . your freshman roommate . . . Don Hogan and USC . . . SMC: Holy Cross: Memorial: townies . . . " You wanna buy a savings bond? " . . . Black Tuesday . . . Fr. Lubbers and Stanford ' s Niagara Falls . . . " Di- vine Reva, Reva, Revalation " . . . the Huddle: the report on the 150 Cokes . . . " Being is, is, is " ... 99 Kline; 88 Brennan . . . Irish Exodus . . . Freshman theology . . . new home for the architects . . . (Rev.) A. Leonard Collins, C.S.C. . . . Midnight Curfew, Lights Out at 12:00 . . . the Red Barn and student referendum . . . the Dave Ellis Typewriter . . . No- vember 22, 1963: Mass at Stepan . . . Syracuse at NYC: the Commodore Hotel, New York Central RR and the long ride home . . . Emil T. Hoffman and the golden gloves . . . " Teach Me Tiger " and the girl back home . . . D. Wolfe: ID ' s, Pink Airplanes, savings bonds and auto rentals . . . Ara hits ND: rally in February . . . " Goodbye Johnny " . . . Mock Convention: H. C. Lodge over B. Goldwater? . . . Teeny Boppers and the Palais Royale . . . The Honorable George Wallace . . . more frisbee and the annual spring riots . . . Library dedication . . . " The Salty Dog: South Bend goes bigtime ... La Dolce Vita in the Engineering Auditorium . . . jungle movies at Washington Hall . . . The Patio, Kubiacs . . . the Ashley Brothers: Jerry Lee Lewis, Kingston Trio, Peter, Paul, and Mary . . . Tooty and Hertz Rent-a-cop . . . September, 1964: Madison, Wis. . . . Victory: Var Bar, Huarte to Snow ... Ara for President . . . We ' re 1 ... IBM Computer Dance, the UNIVAC protest . . . Would you believe William Miller? . . . SMC Maulers downed by Barat Bombers . . . Air Force Academy, Albany Hotel, Denver . . . Pitt, 69-13 . . . HATE STATE . . . Iowa and antifreeze ... 1:33 ... John Huarte ' s Heisman Trophy . . . " John Goldfarb: Please Grow Up " . . . Fr. Harvey and The Caretaker . . . the New Jersey Club Christmas bus two days late . . . forced doubles and metal lockers . . . the St. Mary ' s coffee award . . . Johnny Dee: Seattle Reservations, red carpets, etc. . . . the Honor Code . . . the decline of the Grotto . . . one-hour finals . . . Caberfae . . . Mardi Gras and the Great Snowfall . . . the Maid of Innsbruck . . . Topsy: Fighting Irish radio . . . LBJ: Would you believe President of the United States? . . . bull sessions and cards . . . Spring Break: ND invades Ft. Lau- " PLEASE FILL OUT THE YELLOW STRIPED CARD, BLUE STRIPED CARD, GREEN STRIPED CARD... ' WHERE ' S THE ENGLISH AUDITORIUM? " 278 derdale, Bermuda, E. Orange, W. Egg . . . Doath of the Easter Bunny . . . Ziggy Serves Trash . . . " Goldfinger " . . . Ken Bruda ... the Good Sisters and TW3 . . . Tornados in Elkhart . . . LOLA . . . panty raids on SMC . . . Gilbert ' s: 1 3 June, 1 3 July, 1 3 August . . . Sophomore Interview and academic autobiographies . . . California, 1965: 48-6 . . . Ara ' s Army . . . Bill Zloch . . . " Go Rassas Go " ... Bob Griese, 19 of 22 ... Remember . . . Moo U. f " Game of the Year " : 12-3 . . . Army, NYC and the World ' s Fair: " Get your asses off the field " . . . Fr. Simons, student responsibility and stay hall . . . the hours of the rock . . . Fr. Kuhns and Collegiate Seminar . . . the new psychology department . . . Slutsky and the Kellogg Center . . . Sam Green . . . Farley Chapel ' s peace fast . . . Jim Fish and the Rolling Stones . . . Who was R.D.? . . . Murphy, Misch and the Lyon ' s Wine Festival . . . The Studebaker shutdown: a pocket of poverty . . . The Valley of Vision: 1.7 million dollars . . . Fr. Longley ' s Masses . . . Vatican II.V . . . Little Eva ' s . . . Dogs, Teeny Bops and the Stepan Center . . . shuttle bus and the paved road . . . co-ex classes . . . Batman . . . Ziggy ' s departure . . . junior parent ' s weekend . . . the Honor Concept . . . LUNA ... The Great Debate . . . Lenten Parties: Resurrection I and II ... ACADEMIC EXCEL- LENCE . . . Fr. Hegge on Birth Control . . . Minch . . . streetlights, muggings and South Bend police . . . South Shore: toy train to Chicago . . . illegal cars . . . Laurel Club and Jun- ior Class parties . . . Alex Coquillard ' s grave . . . the memorial to Vetville . . . Wanda God- lewski . . . SMC water tower . . . ' Pataphysics is ... " The art gallery is in O ' Shaughnessy " . . . IPP: Artaud ' s " Jet of Blood " . . . draft test . . . March 17 and Sweeney ' s ... No cur- few . . . Cars . . . Booze in the rooms . . . Would you believe girls in the rooms? . . . The Yellow Sheet . . . Hanratty to Seymour . . . 1135 Notre Dame Avenue . . . the Senior Bar . . . Roger ' s: Frankie ' s; Joer ' s; Irish Inn; Louie ' s . . . " Howd ' ya, Howd ' ya " . . . " Alexan- der You " . . . " Are you a turtle? " . . . Drs. Masters and Johnson and the couple from Illi- nois . . . Law Boards and the Duke game . . . Homecoming I and II ... " Game of the De- cade " : 10-10 . . . Coley O ' Brien ... not since 1949 . . . Undefeated National Champs . . . Frank O ' Malley, English 137-8 . . . senior year, second semester . . . Understanding Art ... Photography at SMC . . . Screen Arts ... the Voice dies . . . A. J. Ayer and theat- rical positivism . . . someday, high-rise dorms . . . SMC vs. Texas: Stevie Phelan, Mary Lou Gallagher, Margaret Piton, Elizabeth Matuszek . . . Smut on Our Lady ' s Face . . . the new Post Office: the Glee Club inaugurates . . . concerts: Ray Charles . . . the Notre Dame Birth Control Report . . . Grad Recs and Business Boards, interviews and applications . . . H. H.: vapid liberalism ... 23 inches of snow and a Polish road crew . . . The Lay Board of Trus- tees . . . Stay Hall: reports, campaigns and a resounding defeat . . . the Library: a well beaten path ... the paved student parking lot ... Hanoi Hannah and Senior Sally . . . A Man and a Woman at Angers ... the personal quest: " If I must someday die, what can I do to fulfill my desire to live? " . . . The Lyons Judicial Review Board, ta ta ta ta ta ta . . . the Fine Arts Festival . . . Senior Week . . . the dunes . . . exam exemptions . . . Grad school or Vietnam . . . the end: remembering . . . Challenge I and II ... Joe and Pat Sim- one . . . Salvation Army furniture . . . the Notre Dame Bookstore: monogrammed tooth- paste . . . continental cuisine and the DHQ . . . the empty mailbox . . . Quo Vadis pizzas at 3 a.m. . . . Patriots of the Year: John Glenn, Sargent Shriver, Everett Dirksen . . . The Last Word: Hoobler, Noel, Twohey, Murray . . . Blue Circle identity crisis: 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967 . . . classes: math and metaphysics . . . concepts: community and concern . . . realities: friendships and loud neighbors . . . June 4, 1967 . . . four years at Notre Dame. THE NOTRE DAME BOOKSTORE: MONOGRAMMED TOOTHPASTE PATAPHYSICS IS 279 JOHN T. ABBOTT B.B.A. Mktg. Man. Pittsburgh, Pa. RODNEY J. ABELE, JR. A.B. Economics Metairie, La. JOHN L. ADAMS B.B.A. Finance Chevy Chase, Md. TERRANCE B. AHERN A.B. Gen. Program West Hartford, Conn. GEORGE W. ALBRIGHT B.S. Aero-Sp. Eng. Allentown, Pa. WILLIAM H. ALBRIGHT L.L.B. Law Muncie, Ind. H. W. ALEXANDER A.B. Economics Wilmington, Del. RICHARD D. ALLECA A.B. Gen. Program White Plains, N.Y. R ' CHARD B. ALLEN A.B. Government Springvale, Me. JOHN F. ALSTON B.S. Preprofessional Cedarburg, Wis. DAVID F. AMANN B.B.A. Management Evergreen Pk., 111. JOSEPH P. ANDERSON B.B.A. Accounting Lincoln, 111. THOMAS R. ANDERSON WILLIAM G.ANDERSON A.B. English A.B. History Minneapolis, Minn. Hicksville, N.Y. JAMES D. ANDREW A.B. English Pacific Pal., Calif. JOHN F. ANDREWS B.B.A. Accounting Rochester, N.Y. CHARLES W. ANDRIAS B.S. Preprofessional Marblehead, Mass. ROBERT SAM ANSON A.B. English Cleveland Hgt., Ohio ROBERT L. ANTUS A.B. English Manhasset, N. Y. STEPHEN ARSENAULT B.B.A. Finance Gates Mills, Ohio GERALD L. ASHER A.B. History San Diego, Calif. JOHN M. ATKINSON A.B. Classics Richmond, Va. JOHN A. AUSTIN B.S. Preprofessional Palatine, 111. PHILIP LESLIE AZAR A.B. Sociology Belleville, 111. JOSEPH R. AZZARO A.B. Sociology Pittsburgh, Pa. ALLAN R. BACHEWICZ B.B.A. Management Barrington, 111. 280 JOHN D. BACHMANN B.S. Chemistry Norfolk, Va. M. C. BACHMEIER B.B.A. Marketing Chicago, 111. BERNARD REED BAKER B.S. Mech. Eng. Pittsburgh, Pa. EDWARD T. BAKER B.S. Geology Mt. Prospect, 111. PETER J. BALDACCI B.B.A. Management San Rafael, Cal. JAMES G. BALDWIN A.B. English Detroit, Mich. JOHN J. BAUNSKY A.B. History Fayetteville, N.Y. ERNESTO BALLADARES B.B.A. Finance Rep. of Panama JOHN G. BAMHRICK A. B. History Harrisburg, Pa. JOHN DAVIS BANKER A.B. Economics Mohall, N.D. PETER OWEN BANNON A.B. Comm. Arts Ridgewood, N.J. PETER HENRY BANSE B.B.A. Accounting Cortland, N.Y. ROGER JOSEPH BARAN B.B.A. Marketing Chicago, 111. DAVID Jos. BARBATO B.B.A. Management Rochester, N.Y. JOSEPH F. BARGO A.B. Philosophy Notre Dame, Ind. PHILIP A. BARILLA B.S. Mech. Eng. Steubenville, Ohio GARY F. BARNABO A.B. Government Farmington, Mich. JAMES T. BARRY, JR. B.B.A. Marketing Clayton, Mo. JOHN PATRTCK BARRY B.S. Elec. Eng. Riverside, Conn. THEODORE C. BARTKE B.S. Chemistry Chicago, 111. MICHAEL F. BARTLEY B.B.A. Accounting Peoria, 111. R. S. BARTOLOMEO B.S. Preprofessional Valley Stream, N. Y. ROLLY JUAN BARTON B.S. Mech. Eng. Lima, Peru KEVIN C. BARUTH B.B.A. Management WiUiamsville, N. Y. DAVID T. BASSO B.B.A. Management N. Philadelphia, Ohio RONALD BATKIEWICZ A.B. Geology Royal Oak, Mich. 281 HERBERT Jos. BATT B.S. Math. Buffalo, N.Y. RICHARD A. BATT B.S. Preprofessional Buffalo, N.Y. WILLIAM A. BAUMERT B.B.A. Accounting W. Hartford, Conn. J. T. BAUMGARTNER B.S. Preprofessional West Bend, Wis. STEWART L. BEALL B.B.A. Finance Lake Forest, 111. JOHN F. BEASLEY B.B.A. Finance Hohokus, N.J. PHILIP BEAUREGARD A.B. Government New Bedford, Mass. DAVID WILLIAM BECK A.B. English N. Tarrytown, N.Y. DANIEL Jos. BEHLES A.B. English Glenview, 111. JOSEPH G. BELDEN B.B.A. Management Canton, Ohio RICHARD F. BELDEN B.B.A. Management Canton, Ohio GEORGE W. BELL A.B. Economics Portland, Ore. JOSEPH C. BELLINO A.B. History Bethesda, Md. ROBERT C. BENTLEY B.B.A. Management Clinton, la. JAMES A. BEOLETTO B.S. Eng. Sci. Roanoke, III. ANTHONY L. BERARDI A.B. Phychology Campbell, Ohio DONALD Jos. BERGAN B.B.A. Accounting Cedar Falls, la. WILLIAM J. BERGEN A.B. History Westwood, Mass. B. M. BERKLICH B.B.A. Management Trafford, Pa. JOHN A. BERNARDI B.B.A. Finance Toluca, 111. GUERIN A. BERNARDIN B.B.A. Management Evansville, Ind. JAMES R. BERNIER B.S. Civil Eng. Greenville, N.H. C. L. BERRY, JR. B.S. Physics Louisville, Ky. JOHN B. BERTRAND B.B.A. Accounting Univ. Hgt., Ohio R. ANTHONY BESCHER B.S. Preprofessional Pittsburgh, Pa. PAUL M. BEVILAQUA B.S. Aero-Sp. Eng. Coral Gables, Fla. 282 JOHN MICHAEL BEVZ A.B. English Oswego, N.Y. JULIAN N. BILLS, JR. A.B. English Salt Lake City, Utah RICHARD M. BISANZ A.B. English St. Paul, Minn. JAN ALAN BISHOP B.B.A. Marketing N. Syracuse, N.Y. RICHARD E. BLANNIN B.S. Chem. Eng. Schenectady, N.Y. JOHN J. BLASI B.A. Law Chicago, 111. JOSEPH G. BLESER B.B.A. Accounting Morton Grove, 111. HAROLD J. BLISS, JR. L.L.B. Law Bala. Cynwyd, Pa. FRANCIS X. BLOUIN A.B. History Belmont, Mass. ROBERT D. BODNAR B. Arch.- Architecture Pittsburgh, Pa. HAROLD F. BOERSMA A.B. Philosophy Moreau Seminary, Notre Dame, Ind. HUMPHREY T. BOHAN B.S. Biology Clarks Summit, Pa. WILLIAM A. BOKAN B.B.A. Accounting Sacramento, Calif. BERT ROGER BONDI B.B.A. Accounting Sheridan, Wyo. L. A. BONFANTI L.L.B. Law Peabody, Mass. ANDREW H. BOOUET A.B. Political Sci. Garden Grove, Calif. RICHARD H. BORLIK B.S. Elec. Eng. Arlington, Va. PETER Louis BORN B.B.A. Management New York, N.Y. RONALD STEVE BOSZE B.B.A. Accounting Parma Hts., Ohio RONALD R. BOUCHER B.B.A. Accounting Livonia, Mich. JAMES P. BOURKE B.B.A. Management Elmhurst, 111. JOHN A. BOUTET B.B.A. Accounting Niles, Mich. NEIL EDMUND BOWEN A.B. Sociology Attleboro, Mass. ARTHUR F. BOYLE A.B. Economic s Merrick, N.Y. THOMAS E. BOYLE A.B. History Alexandria, Va, JOSEPH W. BOYLES A.B. Sociology Kalamazoo, Mich. EDWARD JOHN BRADY B.S. Biology Kemmerer, Wyo. JOHN A. BRANDAU B.B.A. Management Baltimore, Md. JAMES C. BRANDON B.B.A. Finance Netherland, Antilli EDWARD M. BRANDT A.B. Economics St. Louis, Mo. ROBERT J. BRECENZER A.B. English Kankakee, 111. ROBERT J. BRENNAN B.B.A. Management Baldwin, N.Y. JAMES E. BRESETTE A.B. English Kansas City, Mo. WILLIAM E. BREW B.B.A. Marketing Arlington, Va. JAMES G. BRIDCEMAN A.B. Mathematics Pittsburgh, Pa. ENRIQUE 0. BRIEBA A.B. Philosophy Santiago, Chile RICHARD BRODERICK B.B.A. Finance Plainview, N. Y. JOSEPH H. BROECKER B.B.A. Accounting Indianapolis, Ind. J. J. BROMBOZ B.S. Preprofessional Chicago, 111. DENNIS K. BROOKS A.B. English Birmingham, Mich. WILLIAM L. BROWN A.B. English Omaha, Neb. WILLIAM R. BROWN B.B.A. Accounting Elmhurst, N.Y. ROBERT E. BROWNE B.S. Civil Eng. Madison, Wis. MIGUEL J. BRUMAS B.S. Preprofessional Panama, Panama G. A. BRUTSCHER A.B. Government Toughkenamon, Pa. VINCENT BUCCELLATO A.B. History Glen Rock, N.J. DAVID K. BUCKLEY A.B. Preprofessional Ft. Lauderdale, Fla. DAVID W. BUCKLEY A.B. Government Chicago, 111. PAUL T. BUENNAGEL A.B. History Indianapolis, Ind. HAROLD B. BUNTING A.B. History Riveredge, N.J. S. BUONAUCURIO A.B. Comm. Arts Rochester, N.Y. GERALD F. BURKE A.B. Mod. Lang. Freehold, N.J. JEROME L. BURKE A.B. Government Rocky River, Ohio KEVIN GAIL BURKE B.B.A. Management Anita, Iowa 284 WILLIAM D. BURKE A.B. Government Chicago, 111. ROBERT V. BURNIKEL B.S. Mech. Eng. E. Northport, N.Y. DANIEL M. BURNS A.B. Mathematics Garden City, N.Y. THOMAS G. BURNS A.B. English Pittsburgh, Pa. JOHN M. BURTIS A.B. Government Binghamton, N.Y. JOHN JOSEPH BUSH A.B. Government Chicago, 111. FRANK A. BUSSMANN B.B.A. Marketing St. Louis, Mo. JOHN CODY BUTLER B.B.A. Finance Cleveland, Ohio TIMOTHY H. BUTLER B.A. History Austin, Minn. JOHN A. BUTTLER B.B.A. Management Columbus, Ohio ALFRED S. BYRNE B.S. Mech. Eng. Larchmont, N.Y. M ' CHAEL E. BYRON A.B. Philosophy Gary, Ind. DOUGLAS A. CAIRNS A.B. Government Akron, Ohio JOSEPH G. CAIRO A.B. Sociology Belleville, N.J. THOMAS H. CALDWELI B.B.A. Finance Lawrenceburg, Ind. CLAY J. CALHOUN A.B. Government New Orleans, La. TERRENCE CALLAHAN B.B.A. Accounting Pittsburgh, Pa. DAVID R. CAMPBELL B.S. Aero-Sp. Eng. Westwood, N.J. D. D. CANALE, JR. A.B. Preprofessional Memphis, Tenn. Louis GUY CANCELMI A.B. Government Pittsburgh, Pa. BRIAN J. CANTWELL A.B. Eng. Sci. Massapequa, N.Y. JACK P. CAOLO A.B. Government Sanford, Fla. 285 A. V. CARDENAL B.Arch.-Architecture Managua, Nicaragua JOHN SCOTT CARMAN B.S. Preprofessional Paramus, N.J. JAMES A. CARMODY A.B. English Bloomington, 111. T. P. CARNEY, JR. A.B. Government Lake Forest, 111. JOHN C. CARROLL B.B.A. Management Grosse Point, Mich. JOHN C. CARROLL, JR. A.B. Comm. Arts Woodstock, 111. VINCENT D. CARROLL A.B. Gen. Program Swarthmore, Pa. DANIEL M. CARSON A.B. History Floral Park, N.Y. R. MORGAN CARSON B.S. Physics North Hampton, Mass. JAMES EARL CASE B.B.A. Management Momence, 111. ROBERT A. CASELLA A.B. Sociology Baldwin, N.Y. PATRICK H. CASEY B.S. Preprofessional New Orleans, La. ROBERT BRIAN CASS A.B. History Golf, 111. DOUGLAS J. CASSIDY B.B.A. Management Peoria, 111. PAUL L. CASSILLO B.S. Geology Schenectady, N.Y. EARL C CATRON B.B.A. Accounting Ft. Lauderdale, Fla. JAMES Jos. CAVNAR A.B. Theology Dallas, Tex. JOHN PAPE CAYCE B.B.A. Finance Charlotte, N.C. ROBERT JAMES CECKA B.B.A. Marketing Blue Island, 111. ALFRED R. CELLI A.B. English Columbus, Ohio STEPHEN P. CEROW A.B. English Rockville Cent., N.Y. CHARLES A. CHENARD L.L.B. Law Somerset, Mass. ALLEN BONG CHIN B.S. Aero-Sp. Eng. Flushing, N.Y. THOMAS J. CHOL ' S B.B.A. Accounting Indianopolis, Ind. JOSEPH CHRISTENSON B.B.A. Marketing Cheyenne, Wyo. EDWARD CHR-STOPHER B.B.A. Marketing W. Long Branch, N.J. 286 ANTHONY CHUANG B. Arch. -Architecture Hong Kong, China FRANK P. CIHLAR L.L.B. Law Berwyn, 111. RONALD H. CIMALA B.B.A. Accounting Beckley, W.Va. MARIO A. CINQUTNO B.B.A. Management Haddonfield, N.J. RICHARD I. CLARK A.B. Government Lockport, N.Y. LAWRENCE J. CLARKE B.B.A. Management Indianapolis, Ind. THOMAS V. CLASBY B.Arch.-Architecture Ipswich, Mass. JAMES P. CLEARY B.B.A. Finance Grosse Pointe, Mich. HENRY JOHN CLUVER B.S. Preprofessional Broomall, Pa. DONALD J. COAKLEY B.B.A. Finance Wilmington, Del. MELVIN ALAN COBLE B.S. Civil Eng. Jacksonville, Fla. WILLIAM V. Coco A.B. English Helena, Ark. TERENCE P. COFFEE B.S. Mathematics Highland, Ind. LEO T. COLLINS B.B.A. Management Fargo, N.D. STEPHEN M. COLLINS A.B. History Boston, Mass. ANTHONY M. COLUCCI B.B.A. Finance Armonk, N.Y. LAWRENCE W. CONJAR B.B.A. Management Enhaut, Pa. RICHARD E. CONLIN A.B. Economics Ann Arbor, Mich. JOSEPH PAUL CONLON B.B.A. Management Newton Square, Pa. S. J. CONNOLLY B.B.A. Accounting Chicago, 111. JOHN W. CONNOR B.S. Chem. Eng. Columbus, Ohio DONALD F. CONNORS A.B. Comm. Arts Garden City, N.Y. WILLIAM L. CONOLE A.B. Government Binghamton, N.Y. THOMAS CONOSCENTI A.B. Gen. Program Niles, 111. JOHN M. CONROY A.B. English Kenwood, Md. DANIEL J. CONWAY B.B.A. Management Pittsburgh, Pa. At MICHAEL K. COOK L.L.B. Law St. Joseph, Mich. THOMAS T. CORBETT A.B. Sociology Glencoe, 111. RICHARD J. CORBIN B.B.A. Accounting Wheaton, Md. JOHN J. CORRIGAN A.B. English Hazleton, Pa. RICHARD J. COSTA B.B.A. Mktg. Man. Brooklyn, N.Y. JOHN F. COTANT B.S. Preprofessional Detroit, Mich. JOHN ARTHUR COTTER B.B.A. Accounting St. Petersburg, Fla. JOHN C. COUCH L.L.B. Law Kinderhook, N.Y. BRIAN JOHN COYLE A.B. English Hackensack, NJ. JOHN M. CREAGAN A.B. Comm. Arts Ardsley, N.Y. GEORGE W. CRECC, JR. A.B. Government Syracuse, N.Y. SEAN T. CRIMMINS A.B. Government Pittsburgh, Pa. C. E. CRONAUER A.B. Government Arlington Hts., 111. TIMOTHY P. CREANY A .B. Government Ebensburg, Pa. ROBERT L. CRONCEYER A.B. English Pensacola, Fla. PATRICK J. CRONIN A.B. Comm. Arts South Bend, Ind. MICHAEL C. CROWE A.B. History Eden, N.Y. A. W. CROWLEY FRANCIS LEO CRUMB ROBERT S. CUCCIAS A.B. Economics A.B. Comm. Arts B.S. Mech. Eng Evansville, Ind. Whitesboro, N.Y. North Ridge, Calif. JOHN A. CUELLAR B.B.A. Management Dallas, Texas PAUL JOHN CULHANE A.B. Government Chicago, 111. PAUL J. CUNNEY A.B. History Salem, Mass. J. J. CUNNINGHAM B.B.A. Accounting Bethlehem, Pa. 288 JAMES K. CURLEY A.B. Comm. Arts Pittsfield, Mass. EDMUND P. CYTACKI B.S. Physics South Bend, Ind. EDWARD J. DA DURA B.B.A. Management Churchville, Pa. ANDREW A. DALY B.B.A. Mktg. Man. Long Island, N.Y. MICHAEL J. DANCH A.B. Comm. Arts South Bend, Ind. MICHAEL D. DANNEHEY A.B. English Allentown, Pa. JOHN P. D ' ANIELLO B.S. Civil Eng. Evergreen Park, 111. MICHAEL DAUPHINEE B.S. Biology Orinda, Calif. JACKSON B. DAVIS B.B.A. Finance Shreveport, La. JOHN HENRY DAVIS B.S. Mathematics New York, N.Y. JOHN W. DAVIS, JR. B.S. Biology Valley Stream, N.Y. JOSEPH KIRK DAVIS B.F.A. Art Fort McPherson, Ga. PAUL BRUCE DAVIS B.B.A. Finance Louisville, Ky. BRO. RICHARD DAVIS B.S. Preprofessional Notre Dame, Ind. DEAN P. DE BRUYNE B.S. Mech. Eng. St. Charles, 111. R. A. DECOURSEY A.B. History Prairie Vill, Kan. J. E. DE CRAENE B.B.A. Accounting Notre Dame, Ind. JOSEPH A. DEECAN A.B. English Riverside, Calif. CARL A. DE FRANCO B.S. Elec. Eng. Glens Falls, N.Y. WAYNE F. DE HOND A.B. Economics Rochester, N.Y. ROBERT A. DEICHL A.B. Economics Northport, N.Y. WILLIAM DELAMATER B.B.A. Management Merrick, N.Y. THOMAS G. DEMLINC A.B. Government Grand Rapids, Mich. CHARLES V. DEMONC A.B. English Denver, Colo. JOHN R. DEMPSEY A.B. Government Wyoming, Pa. JOHN F. DENVER B.S. Preprofessional North Merrick, N.Y. ROBERT F. DENVIR B.B.A. Accounting Oak Park, I1L R. L. DERNBACH B.S. Civil Eng. West Hartford, Conn. JOHN E. DESMOND B.B.A. Finance Detroit, Mich. M. W. DESMOND B.S. Civil Eng. Levittown, N.Y. 289 HENRY T. DESNOYERS B.S. Preprofessional Clark, S. Dak. MICHAEL K. DETTOR B.Arch. Arch. South Bend, Ind. DANIEL F. DETZNEH A.B. Government Munster, Ind. RAUL ERNESTO DIAZ B.S. Elec. Eng. Via Espana No. 17, Panama PETER Di DOMENICO A.B. Comm. Arts Norfolk, Va. W. V. DlELMANN B.B.A. Accounting San Antonio, Tex. R. A. DIETRICH B.B.A. Accounting Birmingham, Mich. ERNEST J. D-ETTE, JR. A.B. Government Orange, Conn. GERALD A. Di FALCO B.B.A. Managament San Francisco, Cal. JOSEPH M. Di LILLO B.S. Mech. Eng. Westbury, N.Y. MICHAEL E. DILLON B.S. Preprofessional Paw Paw, Mich. RICHARD N. DINALLO A.B. English Santa Monica, Cal. R. J. DlTTENBERCER B.E. Aero-Sp. Eng. Cleveland, Ohio JAMES V. DIXON A.B. History Lake Zurich, III. PATRICK M. DIXON A.B. Government Dixon, 111. HARRY M. DOBBINS B.S. Physics Little Rock, Ark. JOHN L. DONAHUE A.B. Sociology Newark, N. J. DANIEL J. DONOVAN A.B. Sociology White Plains, N.Y. DENNIS M. DORAN B.B.A. Finance Manhasset, N.Y. JAN ERIK DORMSJO B.B.A. Management Garden City, N.Y. J. DENNIS DOTSON B.B.A. Management Mankato, Minn. M. D. DOUCETTE A.B. Government Milwaukee, Wis. PETER J. DOWNEY B.S. Mech. Eng. Webster Groves, Mo. JOHN P. DOYLE B.S. Biology N. Attleboro, Mass. FRANCIS J. DREJKR A.B. Gen. Program South Bend, Ind. EDWARD L. DRISCOLL B.B.A. Management Webster, N.Y. 290 JOSEPH C. DRLOFF B.Arch. Arch. Ferndale, Mich. JOHN W. DRURY B.S. Preprofessional Willard, Ohio JOHN M. DUBOWIK B.S. Mech. Eng. Nashua, N.H. JAMES R. DUCHEMIN A .B. Economics Milwaukee, Wis. ROBERT J. DUFFEY B.B.A. Management Monroe, Mich. REID JOHN DUFFY A.B. Comm. Arts Northbrook, 111. LAWRENCE J. DUKE B.S. Preprofessional Grosse Pointe, Mich. JOHN T. DUNICAN A.B. Government Pampa, Texas M. E. DUNLAVEY A.B. Economics Buffalo, N.Y. V. P. DUNLEAVY A.B. History Yonkers, N.Y. FRANCIS J. DUNN A.B. History Saugerties, N.Y. GEORGE R. DUNN, JR. B.B.A. Finance Chevy Chase, Md. JOHN J. DUNN A.B. Economics Chicago, 111. MARK T. DUNN A.B. History Normal, 111. RICHARD M. DUNN B.B.A. Mktg. Man. Coral Gables, Fla. VAUGHN M. DUNN B.S. Preprofessional Linden, N.J. WILLIAM L. DUNN B.S. Elec. Eng. Killeen, Texas JOHN WALTER DUREL B.S. Mathematics Thibodaux, La. FRED K. DUREN, JR. B.S. Geology Springfield, Mo. BRYAN T. DURICK A.B. Government Columbus, N.D. STEPHEN DURLACHER A.B. Comm. Arts Wilmette, 111. CARL KENT DURSO B.F.A. Art Olathe, Kan. MATTHEW H. DWYER A.B. Government Syracuse, N.Y. WILLIAM K. DWYER A.B. Comm. Arts Chicago, 111. JOHN HENRY ELLIS A.B. History Seneca, 111. CLIFTON W. EMERSON B.S. Preprofessional Loudonville, N.Y. 291 FRANCIS E. ENGLISH B.B.A. Accounting New Rochelle, N.Y. ROBERT L. EPPING A.B. Philosophy Notre Dame, Ind. ALAN BARRY EVAN A.B. Goverment Trumbull, Conn. EUGENE T. FARRELL B.B.A. Finance Chicago, III. THOMAS G. FARRELL LL.B. Law Cambria Hgts, N.Y. RANDALL FASNACHT A.B. Sociology Hershey, Pa. J. W. FEDOR, JR. B.S. Preprofessional Camp Hill, Pa. CHARLES E. FEIGHT A.B. Government Canton, Ohio S. M. FELDHAUS A.B. Government Lawrenceburg, Tenn. PAUL S. FERGUSON A.B. Government Kenraore, N.Y. THOMAS W. FILARDO B.S. Preprofessional Wood River, 111. ANTON J. FINELLI A.B. English Bronx, N.Y. JOHN C. FINE LL.B. Law Scarsdale, N.Y. EDWARD L. FINN, III B.B.A. Finance Northampton, Mass. JOHN C. FINNERAN B.S. Civil Eng. Baytown, Texas PATRICK J. FINNERAN A.B. Government Pensacola, Fla. JOSEPH E. FINNERTY B.S. Physics Staten Island, N.Y. RICHARD T. FIORY B.Arch. Arch. Lebanon, N J. BRO. R. FISCHENICH B.F.A. Art Notre Dame, Ind. VICTOR J. FISCHER B.S. Elec. Eng. Bright Waters, N.Y. PETER D. FISCHETTI A.B. Comm. Arts Forest Hills, N.Y. JAMES E. FISH B.S. Preprofessional Asheville, N.C. GARY A. FISHBURN B.S. Civil Eng. Rocky River, Ohio M. F. FITZGERALD B.B.A. Finance Northport, N.Y. LAWRENCE J. FLEMING LL.B. Law St. Louis, Mo. RAYMOND R. FLEMING A.B. Mod. Lang. Santa Monica, Calif. 292 JEFFERY E. FLINT B.B.A. Accounting Rochester, N.Y. R ' CHARD J. FLOCK B.S. Elec. Eng. Naperville, 111. RAYMOND A. FOERY A.B. Government Richmond, Va. THOMAS W. FOCHINO A.B. History Three Rivers, Mich. CHRISTOPHER C. FOLEY LL.B. Law Los Angeles, Calif. GERALD F. FOLLMAR B.B.A. Management Rockford, 111. ALVIN A. FONC-TOM B.B.A. Finance Kingston, Jamaica PETER W. FORD A.B. Government Bethesda, Md. CHARLES J. FORTIN A.B. Sociology Whiting, Ind. CHARLES S. FOSTER A.B. Preprofessional Memphis, Tenn. FRANK LUPTON Fox A.B. History Birmingham, Ala. HENRY A. Fox, JR. B.B.A. Management Grand Rapids, Mich. D. R. FRANCESCANI LL.B. Law Manhassey, N.Y. KENNETH R. FRANCIS B.S. Mech. Eng. Riverdale, 111. ROBERT B. FRANCIS B.B.A.- Accounting San Francisco, Cal. ROBERT S. FRANK A.B. Government Savannah, Ga. RICHARD A. FRANKE A.B. Government San Bernardino, Cal. ANTHONY S. FRARY B.S. Biology Visalia, Calif. BRADLEY T. FREEMAN A.B. Economics Grand Rapids, Mich. JOHN P. FREEMAN B.B.A. Accounting Naperville, 111. GEORGE E. FRAWLEY B.S. Aero-Sp. Eng. Oil City, Pa. PAUL P. FREDDOLINO A.B. Sociology Anaheim, Calif. JOHN E. FREITAS B.S. Preprofessional Grosse Pointe, Mich. ALBERT JULES FREY B.B.A. Mktg. Man. New Orleans, La. ANCEL A. FULLANA B.S. Civil Eng. Santurce, P.R. JOHN T. GAFFNEY B.B.A. Accounting Scotch Plains, N.J. ELLIOT HOWES GAGE A.B. English West Chicago, 111. THOMAS A. GAGNON B.S. Mech. Eng. Michigan City, Ind. HERBERT GALLAGHER A.B. Government Garden City, N.Y. STEPHEN GALLAGHER B.B.A. Accounting Newport, R.I. M. D. GALLIVAN A.B. English Salt Lake City, Utah CLINTON D. GAHBER B.B.A. Management Bedford Hills, N.Y. JAMES S. GARCIA A.B. English Chicago, 111. JOHN D. GARLINGTON A.B. History Rochester, N.Y. JOHN R. GARRETT B.S. Elec. Eng. Joliet, 111. FRANCIS E. GARTLAND A.B. Comm. Arts Dedham, Mass. JOHN JEROME GARY B.S. Preprofessional Manhasset, N.Y. Louis S. GASPEREC A.B. Government Chicago, 111. PETER BERNARD CAST B.S. Chem. Eng. Grand Rapids, Mich. MICHAEL A. GAUGER B.A. Mathematics Fairborn, Ohio WILLIAM J. GEHRKE B.S. Elec. Eng. Grosse Pointe, Mich. RICHARD GENTILUCCI B.S. Chem. Eng. Paterson, N.J. ANTHONY E. GEORGE B.S. Chemistry Albany, N.Y. VINCENT T. GERARDI A.B. History Pt. Washington, N.Y. THOMAS JOSEPH GETZ B.B.A. Mktg. Man. Detroit, Mich. RICHARD H. GHIO B.B.A. Accounting Stockton, Calif. DANIEL S. GIBBS, III A.B. Comm. Arts Oak Park, 111. WALTER E. GIESTING B.S. Preprofessional Dallas, Texas WILLIAM H. GILES A.B. Comm. Arts Brooklyn, N.Y. EDWARD F. GILL, JR. A.B. Sociology Woburn, Mass. GREGORY R. GILLEN B.S. Elec. Eng. Wayne, N. J. FRANK D. GILLIS A.B. History Mechanicsburg, Pa. JAMES T. GIORDANO B.S. Civil Eng. Queens Vill, N.Y. JOSEPH A. GIOVINO B.B.A. Financing Jamaica Plain, Mass. 294 HAROLD A. GLEASON A.B. History Massapequa, N.Y. ALLEN F. GODIN B.B.A. Financing Grosse Pointe, Mich. GEORGE A. GOEDDEKE B.B.A. Mktg. Man. Detroit, Mich. JAMES W. GOFF, III A.B. English Arlington, Va. A. M. GOLICHOWSKI B.S. Chemistry South Bend, Ind. JORGE A. GONZALEZ A.B. Economics Managua, Nicaragua LEONARD A. GOODER A.B. Civil Eng. Covina, Calif. BRO. K. GOODPASTER A.B. Mathematics Notre Dame, Ind. CLINTON F. GOODWIN B.B.A. Finance Lookout Mtn., Tenn. RUSSEL L. GOODWIN B.S. Preprofessional Louisville, Ky. JON M. GORHAM A.B. English Bellaire, Texas R. E. GORMAN, JR. A.B. Comm. Arts Wilmette, 111. TIMOTHY J. GORMAN B.B.A. Management Jersey City, N. J. THOMAS M. GORSKI A.B. Philosophy Notre Dame, Ind. WARREN J. GARSIK B.S. Chem. Eng. Cambridge, N.Y. GEORGE A. GOUNARES A.B. Economics Mobile, Ala. THOMAS F. GRAHAM B.S. Preprofessional Canton, Ohio JAMES J. GRANT A.B. English Cleveland, Ohio RICHARD C. GRANT B.S. Elec. Eng. Houston, Texas FRANCIS J. GRAY, JR. B.S. Civil Eng. Salem, Mass. M. L. GRAZIANO B.S. Mech. Eng. Chicago, 111. DAVID LEE GREENE B.S. Chemistry Louisville, Ky. 295 JOHN M. GREGORY A.B. Philosophy Lynbrook, N.Y. DAVD E. GREIN B.B.A. Finance Oakland, NJ. DANIEL GREMILLION B.S. Preprofessional Ferriday, La. DAVID L. GRIFFIN B.B.A. Marketing Pittsburgh, Pa. GEORGE L. CRUMLEY B.B.A. Marketing Joliet, 111. RONALD L. GRZESIAK A.B. Math Saginaw, Mich. THOMAS L. GUCCIONE A.B. Sociology Sterling, 111. E. W. GUERTIN, JR. B.S. Chem. Eng. Indianapolis, Ind. VINCENT GURUCHARRI B.S. Preprofessional New York, N.Y. LEROY KARL GUSTKE B.B.A. Accounting Syracuse, N.Y. KURT JOSEPH GUTER B.S. Civil Eng. Pittsburgh, Pa. JOHN S. GUZAUSKAS A.B. Mod. Lang. Aurora, III. JOSEPH CARL Guzzo B.S. Preprofessional E. Orange, NJ. GEOFFREY J. HAAS B.B.A. Accounting Falls Church, Va. GERALD S. HACERMAN A.B. Comm. Arts Lincoln Park, Mich. JAMES F. HAINES B.S. Preprofessional Binghamton, N.Y. JAMES F. HALEY, JR. B.S. Chemistry Belmont, Mass. THOMAS D. HALEY A.B. Government Morrison, Colo. JAMES ALAN HALL A.B. Economics Lowell, Mass. JOHN W. HALLORAN B.B.A. Accounting Richfield, Minn. T. F. HALLORAN A.B. Government Pittsburgh, Pa. RICHARD B. HANAFIN B.S. Architecture Wenham, Mass. W. HANIGAN, JR. B.S. Preprofessional Chicago, 111. MARK J. HANNEN A.B. History Denver, Colo. M. G. HANPETER A.B. Government North Creek, N.Y. JAMES A. HARDCROVE A . B. Government Danville, 111. 296 KEVIN T. HARDY JOHN J. HARGROVE B.B.A. Management LL.B. Law Oakland, Calif. Babylon, N.Y. ROBERT W. HARGROVE A.B. Government Evansville, Ind. THOMAS M. HARKINS A . B. Government Needham, Mass. R. M. HARMICAR B. Arch. Arch. Youngstown, Ohio J. T. HARRINGTON LL.B. Law South Bend, Ind. STEPHEN C. HARTEL A.B. Gen. Program New Orleans, La. W. G. HARTMAN A.B. Comm. Arts Dearborn, Mich. ROBERT J. HARWOOD B.B.A. Finance Fairview Park, Ohio LEO J. HAYES, JR. B.B.A. Accounting Belleville, 111. JOHN B. HAYNES B.S. Physics Syracuse, N.Y. JAMES W. HEALEY A.B. English South Bend, Ind. KEVIN JOHN HEALY A.B. Government Chevy Chase, Md. STEPHEN J. HEALY A.B. Government Minneapolis, Minn. EDWARD J. HEATON A.B. Government Englewood, N. J. GERALD L. HECK B.S. Biology Dewitt, Iowa JOHN G. HECARTY A.B. History New York, N.Y. THEODORE J. HECEDUS B.B.A. Management Meadville, Pa. THOMAS J. HEIDEN A.B. Government St. Paul, Minn. JAMES C. HEINHOLD LL.B. Law Babylon, N.Y. JOHN G. HELFEN PATRICK HENNESSEY DANIEL R. HENNESSY THOMAS B. HENNESSY A.B. Psychology A.B. Sociology B.S. Metall. Eng. B.B.A. Accounting Griffith, Ind. New York, N.Y. Western Spring, III. Indianapolis, Ind. MICHAEL C. HENNING B.S. Mech. Eng. San Carlos, Calif. GERALD L. HENRICH B.S. Civil Eng. Merrill, Wis. DENNIS W. HERER A.B. English San Mateo, Calif. RICHARD HERINGTON A.B. Sociology Brussels, Belgium STEPHEN A. HERMES A.B. Philosophy Sterling, 111. CARLOS HERMOSILLO A.B. Preprofessional Stockton, Calif. MICHAEL E. HERTLINC B.B.A. Finance St. Louis, Mo. MICHAEL J. HICGINS A.B. English Chicago, 111. THOMAS P. HIGCINS B.B.A. Marketing Grand Blanc, Mich. KEVIN LEIGH HILL B.S. Chemistry Bradford, Pa. ROBERT E. HINCHEY B.B.A. Accounting Chicago, 111. JAMES S. HOCH B.B.A. Management Richmond, Ind. ROBERT J. HODGSON B.B.A. Finance Hollywood, Fla. JOHN HOELSCHER, JR. B.B.A. Management Williamsville, N. Y. JOHN P. HOFFMANN B.B.A. Accounting Manawa, Wis. ROBERT J. HOGAN A.B. Preprofessional Binghamton, N.Y. DENNIS M. HOCERTY B.B.A. Finance Kansas City, Mo. CHARLES HOIT A.B. English Atlanta, Ga. WILLIAM M. HOLLS B.S. Physics Allentown, Pa. DAVID R. HOLMES LL.B. Law South Bend, Ind. F. W. HONERKAMP B. B. A . M an agemen t Douglaston, N.Y. JOHN T. HORNBY A.B. Preprofessional Youngstown, Ohio ERNEST 0. HORNUNC B.B.A. Management Grosse Pte. Shores, Mich. JOHN J. HORVATH A.B. Philosophy Chicago, 111. J. G. HOUSEHOLTER A.B. Economics Kankakee, 111. GEORGE M. HUBEB A.B. Math Beverly, Ohio 298 J. MICHAEL HUGHES B.B.A. Financing Detroit, Mich. GERALD E. HUHN B.S. Chem. Eng. West Bend, Wis. EDWARD L. HULTCREN A.B. Math Ft. Wayne, Ind. GEORGE R. HUMM A.B. Gen. Program Long Island, N.Y. JOHN F. HUMPHRIES B. Arch. Arch. Dallas, Texas C. J. HUNCKLER B.S. Eng. Sci. South Bend, Ind. KENNETH J. HUPF B.S. Math Seattle, Wash. JOHN FARREL HURLEY A.B. English Schenectady, N.Y. TIMOTHY P. HURLEY A.B. Civil Eng. Nashua, N.H. ROBERT J. HUSSON A.B. Math. York, Pa. E. J. HUTCHINSON B.B.A. Accounting BeUville, N.J. JOHN J. IACONETTI A.B. Comm. Arts Akron, Ohio Louis J. IACOVO, JR. B.S. Mech. Eng. Stamford, Conn. T. A. IERUBINO B.S. Elec. Eng. Fair Haven, N.J. JOHN KEVIN IGOE B.B.A. Marketing Columbus, Ohio CHARLES E. IMBUS A.B. Preprofessional Cincinnati, Ohio MICHAEL R. IRVINE A.B. English Pacific Pal., Calif. DANA F. JACKSON A.B. Math. South Euclid, Ohio L. M. JACHNYUKY LL.B. Law New Haven, Conn. E. R. JANKOWSKI B.B.A. Accounting South Bend, Ind. J. J. JANKOWSKI A.B. Government Perth Amboy, N.J. WILLIAM J. JENNINGS B.B.A. Accounting Auburn, N.Y. DAVID L. JOHNSON B.S. Physics Homewood, 111. JAY J. JOHNSTON LL.B. Law Lake Bluff, 111. DANIEL J. JONES A.B. Mech. Eng. Essex Fells, N.J. ROBERT K. JONES B.B.A. Management Willard, Ohio STEPHEN J. JONES A.B. History Garden City, N.Y. FRANK T. JORDAN B.S. Preprofessional North Bergen, N.J. JOHN C. JORDAN A.B. Government Billings, Mont. RODNEY F. JULIAN A.B. Government Endwell, N.Y. 299 R. L. KALAMAYA A.B. English Bloomington, 111. JOHN JOSEPH KANE B.S. Preprofessional Pittsburgh, Pa. JOHN THOMAS KANE B.B.A. Mktg. Man. South Bend, Ind. JOSEPH E. KANE A.B. Economics Lansing, Mich. DAVID G. KAMM LL.B. Law Grand Rapids, Mich. T. P. KAPLYSH A.B. Government Cleveland, Ohio ALBERT J. KARAM B.S. Mathematics San Antonio, Texas DENIS M. KARPUSKA A.B. English Manchester, Conn. ANTHONY J. KARRAT A.B. Government Utica, N.Y. EDWARD N. KASHUBA B.S. Civil Eng. Chicago, 111. GARY H. KAUP LL.B. Law Hamilton, Ohio JUOZAS A. KAZLAS A.B. History Marion, Ind. LAWRENCE KAZMERSKI B.S. Elect. Eng. Niles, 111. DAVID KEANEY A.B. Government Alexandria, Va. ROBERT F. KEARNS A.B. Government East Williston, N.Y. BARRY P. KEATING B.B.A. Finance Idaho Falls, Idaho WALTER A. KECKICH B.S. Preprofessional Whiting, Ind. JAMES M. KEELER A.B. English Hudson, N.Y. J. SEAN KEENAN LL.B. Law N. Canton, Ohio RAYMOND F. KEENAN A.B. Sociology Tyler, Tex. JOSEPH L. KEHOE A.B. Government Davenport, Iowa JAMES P. KEILMAN B.S. Mech. Eng. Valley Stream, N.Y. JOHN C. KELLEHER B.S. Preprofessional Toledo, Ohio DARBY JOHN KELLY B.B.A. Accounting Springfield, Mass. GERALD T. KELLY B.B.A. Accounting Los Angeles, Cat. KEVIN A. KELLY B.S. Physics Ossining, N.Y. 300 PAUL JAMES KELLY A.B. English Hohokus, N.J. PAUL JOSEPH KELLY B.B.A. Accounting Margate, NJ. PATRICK J. KENNEDY B.S. Physics Louisville, Ky. ROBIN M. KENNEDY A.B. Government Shaker Hts., Ohio DENNIS Louis KERN A.B. Preprofessional New Britain, Conn. RICHARD D. KERNAN B.B.A. Finance Bloomfield, NJ. MICHAEL T. KERTEZ A.B. English Lakewood, Ohio RICHARD KIEKBUSCH A.B. Sociology Milwaukee, Wis. RICHARD A. KILL B.B.A. Mktg. Man. Chicago, 111. MICHAEL J. KING A.B. English Pittsburgh, Pa. RICHARD S. KINNEY A.B. Government Plainfield, NJ. JOHN P. KIRBY, JR. L.L.B. Law Brooklyn, N.Y. ANDREW P. KISYLIA B.S. Elect. Eng. Gary, Ind. JAN A. KLAPETZKY A.B. Chem. Eng. Syracuse, N.Y. EUGENE J. KLESTA B.S. Biology Chicago, 111. EDWIN M. KLOC, JR. B.B.A. Accounting Midlothian, 111. THOMAS L. KLUMP A.B. English Holly Perryville, Mo. THOMAS M. KNEPPER A.B. Comm. Arts Evanston, 111. JAROSLAWC KOLASA B.S. Math. Minneapolis, Minn. R. R. KOLKOSKI A.B. History Cincinnati, Ohio DANIEL J. KOOB A.B. Government lona, Minn. JAMES G. KOPER B.S. Elect. Eng. Wayne, NJ. MARTIN P. KORNAK B.S. Preprofessional Riverside, 111. PATRICK J. KORTH A.B. Sociology Bloomfield Hills, Mich. FRANCIS KOSEROWSKI A.B. History Bayonne, NJ. RICHARD F. KOZDRAS B. of Arch. Hammond, Ind. 301 T. E. KOZLOWSKI B.S. Aero-Sp. Eng. Northbrook, 111. JOHN ALAN KRAMER A.B. History Glen Head, N.Y. MICHAEL J. KRAUS B.B.A. Finance Park Ridge, 111. ROBERT A. KROBLIN A.B. Government Waterloo, Iowa J. J. KROLL, C.S.C. A.B. Philosophy Notre, Dame, Ind. DONALD W. KUBISIAK B.B.A. Accounting Wisconsin Rapids, Wis. GARY PETER KUCKEL B.B.A. Mktg. Man. Simsbury, Conn. THOMAS R. KUHN A.B. Government Lima, Ohio RAPHAEL E. KUKA A.B. Psychology Havre, Mont. FREDERICK KULLMAN B.S. Preprofessional Denver, Colo. JAMES D. KUHITZ B.B.A. Finance Milwaukee, Wis. MICHAEL E. KURUZAR B.S. Metall. Eng. South Bend, Ind. FRANK KWIATKOWSKI A.B. Government Rochester, N.Y. Luis HENRY LACAYO B.B.A. Finance Manaqua, Nicaraqua PETER V. LAMANTIA A.B. Government Toronto, Ont., Can. S. R. LAMANTIA LL.B. Law Buffalo, N.Y. PHILIP M. LAMB A.B. Mathematics Michigan, N.D. JOHN A. LANCASTER A.B. Gen. Program Hamburg, N.Y. STEVEN F. LANCASTER B.B.A. Accounting Shelbyville, Ind. WAYNE M. LANDRY B.S. Mech. Eng. Rumford, Me. JOSEPH DONALD LANE A.B. Economics Winchester, Mass. ROBERT JAMES LANCE B.S. Physics Rumson, N.J. MARXIAN LAPCHAK B.S. Elec. Eng. Bloomfield Hills, Mich. RICHARD D. LARSON B.B.A. Accounting Spring Valley, N.Y. MICHAEL J. LEARY B.M. Music Port Byron, N.Y. MANUEL E. LEDESMA B.B.A. Finance Hato Rey, P.R. 302 THOMAS R. LEHMANN B.S. Chemistry Louisville, Ky. DONALD GEORGE LEIS A.B. History Riverside, Conn. WILLIAM C. LEITSCH A.B. Government Portage, Wis. ROBERT E. LE MIRE B.B.A. Accounting Escanaba, Mich. CLAYTON G. LERODX B.S. Preprofessional Cleveland Hts., Ohio LABIUS M. LESIBU B.S. Elec. Eng. Johannesburg, S. Af. GABRIEL A. LEVY A.B. Economics Managua, Nicaragua GARY PATRICK LEWIS B.S. Mech. Eng. Ottawa, Ont., Canada LAWRENCE E. LEWIS B.S. Mech. Eng. Mt. Prospect, 111. ROBERT J. LIEBERMAN A.B. Government Baltimore, Md. RONALD LIEBERWIRTH B.S. Civil Eng. Succasunna, N.J. DONALD A. LIEPOLD B.B.A. Management South Bend, Ind. RODNEY N. LIND B. Arch. Arch. Tacoma, Wash. ROBERT W. LINEHAN B.B.A. Accounting Wilmette, 111. KENNETH JOHN Liss B.B.A. Accounting Oklahoma City, Okla. JOHN DENNIS LIUM B.B.A. Finance Rye, New York THOMAS S. LOCKE B.B.A. Accounting Ft. Wayne, Ind. F. D. LOGAN, JR. A.B. History Milton, Mass. RICHARD L. LINTING B.B.A. A ccounting Chicago, 111. ROBERT T. LISCIO B.S. Preprofessional Mt. Vernon, N.Y. DANIEL J. LOCKE B.B.A. Finance Minneapolis, Minn. STEPHEN S. LOCKE B.B.A. Finance Houston, Tex. GEORGE T. LONG A.B. Gen. Program Dewitt, N.Y. TIMOTHY LONGSTRETH B.B.A. Accounting Zanesville, Ohio DANIEL C. LOONEY B.B.A. Accounting Chicago, 111. ROBERT M. LOREY A.B. Sociology Lawrenceburg, Ind. MICHAEL A. LOTITO A.B. English Hyattsville, Md. DAVID L. LOUNSBURY B.S. Civil Eng. Levittown, N.Y. RICHARD S. LUCKEW B.S. Elec. Eng. Chicago, 111. RICHARD M. LUDWIG A. B. Economics Park Ridge, 111. DENIS A. LYNCH B.S. Chemistry Louisville, Ky. J. C. LYNCH B. Arch. Arch. Opadell, N.J. JAMES R. LYNCH A.B. Sociology Lima, Ohio KEVIN J. LYONS A.B. English Bay Village, Ohio GEORCE MACDONALD A.B. Government Minneapolis, Minn. G. W. MACHIEDO B.S. Preprofessional River Edge, N.J. V. L. MACHUNSKI B.B.A. Accounting Needham, Mass. GREGORY R. MACK A.B. Gen. Program Garfield Hts., Ohio JON C. MACKAY A.B. Philosophy Toledo, Ohio MICHAEL H. MACKIN B.S. Mech. Eng. Kankakee, 111. RICHARD H. MADDEN B.B.A. Management Bethesda, Md. THOMAS F. MADDEN A.B. History White Plains, N.Y. WILLIAM F. MADDEN B.B.A. Accounting Chicago, 111. DANIEL F. MADICAN B.B.A. Finance Milwaukee, Wis. JEFFREY M. MADURA A.B. Psychology Bellwood, 111. CARL THOMAS MACEL A.B. English Pittsburgh, Pa. H. P. MACINNISS A.B. Gen. Program Arlington, Va. JOSEPH A. MAGNANO B.B.A. Finance Seattle, Wash. JOSEPH D. MAHAFFEY B.B.A. Finance Dallas, Texas W. F. MAHANEY B.S. Preprofessional Marlboro, Mass. J. J. MAHONEY, JR. B.S. Preprofessional Greencove Spr., Fla. PETER J. MAHONEY A.B. History Point Lookout, N.Y. TERENCE J. MAHONEY A.B. Government Chicago, 111. GAREY A. MALEK B.S. Preprofessional Lockport, 111. 304 EDWARD W. MALIN A.B. Gen. Program Douglaston, N.Y. T. MALINOWSKI A.B. Government Bayside, N.Y. BRIAN T. MALONE B.B.A. Accounting Lagrange, 111. JAMES L. MALONE A.B. Government Phelps, N.Y. THOMAS P. MALONE A.B. English Saginaw, Mich. PATRICK E. MALONEY A.B. Economics Chicago, 111. EDWIN L. MANKEY B.B.A. Accounting Gary, Ind. FRANK B. MANNING B.S. Civil Eng. Huntington, W. Va. MICHAEL P. MANNING B.S. Chem. Eng. Worcester, Mass. DANIEL N. MANNIX A.B. Philosophy Notre Dame, Ind. WILLIAM E. MANROD B.S. Geology Bowling Green, Ky. MICHAEL MANZI L.L.B. Law Methuen, Mass. Louis E. MARCHIOLI B.S. Chemistry San Bernardino, Cal. JEROME L. MARGRAF B.S. Mech. Eng. Elkhart, Ind. GRANT E. MARQUIS A.B. Government Pittsburgh, Pa. JOSEPH A. MARSICO A.B. Economics River Forest, 111. JAMES M. MARTIN B.S. Aero Space Leawood, Kan. JOHN L. MARTIN B.S. Elec. Eng. Falmouth, Mass. A. C. MARTI NO B. Arch. Arch. Utica, N.Y. GEOFFREY A. MARTIS B.B.A. Accounting Ocean Gate, N.J. JOSEPH P. MARTORI LL.B. Law Brooklyn, N.Y. THOMAS 0. MARX B.B.A. Accounting Washington, D.C. 305 WILLIAM C. MARX A.B. Government Aiken, S. C. ROBERT M. MASON B.S. Geology La Grange, 111. JOHN E. MATTHEWS A.B. Government Winnetka, 111. JOEL D. MATURI A.B. Government Chisholm, Minn. JAMES F. MAZANEC A.B. Mod. Lang. Solon, Ohio PETER L. McADAM B.S. Mech. Eng. Northbrook, 111. BERNARD L. McARA A.B. English Fenton, Mich. EDWARD McAtniFFE A.B. Government Chicago, 111. JAMES A. McBAiN A.B. Economics Mt. Lakes, NJ. B. R. MCCAFFREY B.S. Aero Space Dumont, NJ. JOHN T. McCALL B.B.A. Finance Nocona, Texas C. B. McCANNA B.S. Preprofessional Burlington, Wis. BRIAN K. MCCARTHY A.B. History Amsterdam, N.Y. DAVID W. MCCARTHY LL.B. Law Hicksville, N.Y. DENNIS B. MCCARTHY B.B.A. Accounting Onekama, Mich. JOHN J. MCCARTHY A.B. Government Carle Place, N.Y. TIMOTHY MCCASKEY B.B.A. Accounting Des Plaines, 111. ROBERT MCCLELLAND A.B. Gen. Program Indianapolis, Ind. JOHN F. McCtuRE A.B. Economics Gurnee, 111. KEVIN M. McCoYD B.S. Preprofessional Glen Cove, N.Y. DENIS P. McCusKER A.B. English South Bend, Ind. PETER J. McDADE A.B. Government Ipswich, Mass. ROBERT MCDERMOTT A.B. History Chelmsford, Mass. RAYMOND MCDONALD A.B. English River Forest, 111. ROBERT MCDONNELL A.B. English Rockford, 111. T. J. McDoNoucH LL.B. Law Chicago, 111. 306 ROGER J. MCFADDEN A.B. Gen. Program Chicago, 111. JAMES L. McCAULEY B.S. Preprofessional Royal Oak, Mich. JOHN F. McGEE A.B. Sociology Barrington, 111. WILLIAM McGovERN B.B.A. Marketing Plainview, N.Y. MARK G. MCGRATH B.B.A. Accounting Panama City, Panama ROBERT R. MCGRATH B.B.A. Accounting Panama City, Rep. of Panama PATRICK McGRODER A.B. Sociology Buffalo, N.Y. KEVIN McGoiNNESS B.S. Elec. Eng. Stamford, Conn. JOHN J. McGuiRE A.B. Government Des Moines, la. MICHAEL F. McGuiRE A.B. Metall. Eng. Heidelberg, Gmny. JAMES J. McGuiRK B.B.A. Accounting Salisbury, Md. JAMES L. MC!NERNEY B.B.A. Accounting Grand Rapids, Mich. PAUL K. MclNTosH A.B. History Scarsdale, N.Y. JAMES A. McKENNA A.B. English Chevy Chase, Md. JAMES MCLAUGHLIN B.S. Civil Eng. Bluebell, Pa. PHILLIP R. McLEOD A. B. Sociology Carmel Valley, Cal. T. E. McMAHON A.B. Government Oak Park, 111. C. G. McMANUS B.S. Chem. Eng. Shrewsbury, N.J. DAVID W. McMoRROw A.B. History Kalamazoo, Mich. J. M. McNAMARA A.B. Economics Winter Park, Fla. KEVIN P. MCNEVINS B.B.A. Accounting Kalamazoo, Mich. WILLIAM E. McNuLTY B.S. Elec. Eng. Chicago, 111. HARRY D. MC?EAK A.B. Comm. Arts Mt. Vernon, N.Y. RICHARD F. McQuAio A.B. English San Carlos, Calif. THOMAS McWiLLiAMs B.B.A. Mktg. Man. Chicago, 111. JAMES P. MEADE, JR. B.B.A. Accounting Chicago, 111. JOHN S. MEANY A.B. History River Forest, 111. JAMES A. MEDEIROS B.B.A. Mktg. Man. Warren, Mass. PATRICK E. MEDLAND A.B. Gen. Program Logansport, Ind. JOSEPH MEHLMANN RS. Mech. Eng. Aurora, 111. EDWARD G. MIENERT B. Arch. Arch. Pittsburgh, Pa. L. D. MEIXSEL B.S. Chemistry Louisville, Ky. JOSEPH J. MELONS B.B.A. Accounting Lyndhurst, N.J. MICHAEL T. MEBK B.S. Chem. Eng. N. Olmsted, Ohio JOHN R. MEYER B.B.A. Accounting Cadillac, Mich. WILLIAM W. MERRILL B.S. Preprofessional Fort Worth, Texas ROBERT L. METELKO B.B.A. Accounting Lincoln, 111. ALBERT C. METRAILER B.S. Elec. Eng. Little Rock, Ark. Louis F. MEYER B.S. Elec. Eng. Indianapolis, Ind. MICHAEL H. MEYER A.B. History Indianapolis, Ind. PAUL J. MEYER LL.B. Law Evergreen Park, 111. WILLIAM J. MEYERS B.S. Physics Cincinnati, Ohio ROBERT A. MICHALAK B.B.A. Accounting Chicago, 111. THOMAS J. MIKLOS B.B.A. Management Coplay, Pa. CHRISTOPHER MILLER B.S. Preprofessional Waterloo, la. THOMAS R. MILLERD B.B.A. Mktg. Man. South Bend, Ind. DENNIS G. MILLMAN A.B. Chem. Eng. Cedar Rapids, la. JAMES A. MITCHACK A.B. Government Chicago, 111. M. J. MITCHELL, HI A.B. English Winnetka, 111. JAMES E. MONAHAN B.B.A. Finance Arcola, III. 308 JOSEPH C. MONOLO B.S. Chem. Eng. Kirkwood, Mo. EUGENE R. MONTOYA A.B. Philosophy Notre Dame, Ind. STEPHEN C. MOORE B.B.A. Accounting Merrick, N.Y. JAMES KEVIN MORAN A.B. Government Bethesda, Md. JOHN K. MORAN, JR. A.B. English Wormleysburg, Pa. ROBERT JOHN MORAN A.B. Government Chicago, 111. RONALD CARL MORAN B.S. Aero-Sp. Eng. Chicago, 111. MICHAEL R. MORAVEC A.B. English Winona, Minn. JOHN W. MORIARTY B.S. Mathematics Louisville, Ky. PETER D. MORRIS A.B. Government De Pere, Wis. WILLIAM A. MORRIS B.S. Physics Louisville, Ky. C. M. MORRISON A.B. English Richmond, Va. KEVIN T. MORRISON B.B.A. Accounting Munster, Ind. PAUL M. MORTON B.B.A. Finance Rye, N.Y. DAVID F. MOUSAW B.S. Preprofessional Rochester, N.Y. RICHARD A. MUENCH LL.B. Law South Bend, Ind. R. W. MUCERAUER A.B. Gen. Program Oshkosh, Wis. JOSEPH MULLEN B.S. Aero-Sp. Eng. Little Rock, Ark. R. T. MUNDHENK A.B. English Mineola, N.Y. PETER KERR MUNSON B.B.A. Finance Denison, Texas JOSEPH M. MURLEY B.S. Preprofessional Worcester, Mass. GERALD W. MURPHY A.B. Comm. Arts Riverside, Conn. THOMAS C. MURPHY B. B. A. Finance Lansing, Mich. DANIEL R. MURRAY A.B. Government Baton Rouge, La. DENNIS A. MYLAN B.Arch. Arch. Dumont, N.J. THOMAS R. NADAR A.B. Mod. Lan. Oak Park, 111. WILLIAM H. NAGEL A. B. History Morrilton, Ark. ROBERT A. NARMONT B.B.A. Accounting Auburn, 111. PATRICK J. NASH A.B. History Chicago, 111. H. GREGORY NASKY LL.B. Law Warren, Pa. 309 DONALD E. NEGRELLI B.S. Mech. Eng. Gates Mills, Ohio BENJAMIN E. NELSON B.Arch. Arch. Chicago, 111. JOHN W. NELSON LL.B. Law LaPorte, Ind. JEROME F. NEVIN B.B.A. Management Spokane, Wash. DONALD A. NENADIC B.B.A. Management Detroit, Mich. ROBERT C. NESIUS B.S. Preprofessional Goshen, Ind. T. R. NEUBURGER A.B. Gen. Program Grand Blanc, Mich. PETER C. NEWSOM B.S. Geology Morrisville, Pa. WILLIAM P. NEYLON A.B. Government Lowell, Mass. WILLIAM NICHOLSON B.S. Mech. Eng. Kentfield, Calif. GERARD JOSEPH NICK B.B.A. Finance Glen Ellyn, 111. ANTHONY L. NIELI B.S. Mathematics Merrick, N.Y. DONALD 0. NIEMAN A.B. Sociology Pittsburgh, Pa. CHRISTIAN NIEMEYER A.B. English South Bend, Ind. JOSEPH W. NIENABER A.B. Government Cincinnati, Ohio ARTHUR W. NILSEN B.S. Aero. Eng. Roselle Pk., N.J. THOMAS E. NISSEN B.S. Mech. Eng. Carmichael, Calif. PAUL W. NOELKE A.B. English Milwaukee, Wis. RICHARD NOFI B.B.A. Finance Port Washington, N.Y. ROBERT NOFI B.B.A. Finance Port Washington, N.Y. JOSEPH I. NOLAN A.B. History Neptune City, N.J. WENDELL P. NOLAN A.B. Sociology Evanston, 111. RICHARD J. NOLL B.S. Physics Canton, Ohio WILLIAM A. NORRETT B.B.A. Finance Philadelphia, Pa. STEPHEN A. NORTHUP A.B. English Richmond, Va. MICHAEL D. NOVY B.B.A. Accounting Chicago, 111. 310 FRANK JOHN NOWAK B.S. Geology Chicago, 111. FRED F. NUG ENT A.B. Government Harrison, N.J. JAMES P. NULTY B.Arch. Arch. Grand Rapids, Mich. FRANCIS J. NUNNERY B.B.A. Finance Garden City, N.Y. BRO. JOHN L. OBER A. B. History Notre Dame, Ind. DANIEL J. O ' BRIEN A.B. English Cleveland Hgt., Ohio RICHARD A. O ' BRIEN B.S. Preprofessional Port Huron, Mich. M. D. O ' CONNELL A.B. Gen. Program Windsor, Conn. GERALD J. O ' CONNOR B.S. Eng. Sci. Joliet, 111. PATRICK J. O ' CONNOR LL.B. Law Philadelphia, Pa. R. D. O ' CONNOR A.B. History Lake Forest, 111. STEVEN P. O ' CONNOR A .B. Sociology Portage, Wis. PATRICK JOHN O ' DEA B.S. Preprofessional Indianapolis, Ind. MICHAEL O ' DRISCOLL B.S. Aero. Eng. Arlington, Va. EDWARD F. OCIBA B.B.A. Bus. Org. Man. Oceanside, N.Y. M. F. O ' KEEFFE A.B. Government Los Gatos, Calif. ROBERT A. O ' LEARY B.S. Aero. Eng. Tomah, Wis. JAMES J. OLSON LL.B. Law Sioux City, la. JOSEPH E. OLSON A.B. Gen. Program Whiteman AFB, Mo. PATRICK J. OLSON A.B. English Berwyn, 111. JOHN M. O ' MEAHA A.B. Government Waukegan, 111. JOHN N. O ' MEARA A.B. Economics Chicago, 111. HUGH DENNIS O ' NEIL B.B.A. Bus. Org. Man. Shawnee Mission, Kan. DENNIS DALE O ' NEILL B.B.A. Marketing Cadillac, Mich. E. T. O ' NEILL, JR. A.B. Government Milton, Mass. JOSEPH I. O ' NEILL B.B.A. Finance Midland, Texas 311 JOSEPH J. O ' NEILL A.B. Government Milton Mass. W. JAMES O ' NEILL A.B. History New Bedford, Mass. JAMES E. O ' REILLY B.S. Chemistry Cleveland, Ohio JOSEPH CARL ORLOFF B.Arch. Arch. Ferndale, Mich. THOMAS S. ORR B.S. Mech. Eng. Rockledge Phil, Pa. ORBEI R. OVERLY B.Arch. Arch. Kansas City, Mo. JOHN L. OVERMANN A.B. Government Cincinnati, Ohio GEORGE M. PADAMBO B.S. Pre-Medical Balaka, Nyasaland ALAN CEDRIC PAGE A. B. Government East Canton, Ohio THOMAS FLORIO PAIS A.B. Comm. Arts Birmingham, Mich. ARMANDO C. PALOMO B.B.A. Finance San Salvador, El Salvador, C.A. PATRICK A. PALOPOLI B.B.A. Accounting N. Abington, Mass. PATRICK L. PALUMBO B.S. Metall. Eng. Sharon, Pa. A. M. PAPANTONIO A.B. Government Yonkers, N.Y. GERARD T. PARENT B.S. Preprofessional Wilmette, 111. MICHAEL E. PARKER B.B.A. Management Indianapolis, Ind. GERARD C. PASCALE A.B. Sociology Somerville, N.J. ROBERT PASQUARELLI B.S. Metall. Eng. Pittsburgh, Pa. JOSE R. PASSALACOUA B.B.A. Finance Santurce, Puerto Rico VICTOR PATERNOSTRO B.B.A. Mktg. Man. Lyndhurst, N.J. G. W. PATTERSON A.B. History Arlington Hgts., 111. TIMOTHY L. PAUL B.S. Biology Massillon, Ohio JOHN JOSEPH PAVLAK B.S. Chem. Eng. Chicago, 111. R. J. PEDERSEN B.S. Elec. Eng. New Hyde Park, N.Y. THOMAS J. PEETERS B.S. Preprofessional Mt. Prospect, 111. WILLIAM T. PEPER B.S. Elec. Eng. Medical Lake, Wash. 312 JOSEPH PERILLI, JR. A.B. History Harwood Hgts., 111. GEORGE PERRAULT A.B. English Salem, Ohio JAMES J. PERRY B.S. Mathematics Houston, Texas D. F. PETERS, JR. A.B. Sociology Hinsdale, III. ROBERT BYRD PETERS A. B. History Lombard, 111. PAUL M. PETRAITIS B.B.A. Accounting Park Ridge, 111. TIMOTHY J. PFAHLER A.B. Comm. Arts Toledo, Ohio JUAN ALBERTO Pico B.B.A. Finance Ponce, Puerto Rico JAMES PIELSTICKER A.B. History Clarendon Hill, 111. DANIEL M. PIERCE A.B. Comm. Arts Ft. Lauderdale, Fla. JAMES JOSEPH PIPER B.B.A. Management Chicago, 111. JOHN JOSEPH PIRRO B.B.A. Management McLean, Va. JOHN WENDELL PITZ B.S. Mech. Eng. Batavia, 111. ROBERT A. PLEBANEK B.B.A. Marketing Oaklawn, 111. PATRICK R. POCHIRO LL.B. Law Youngstown, Ohio JAMES STANLEY POLK A.B. Civil Eng. Decatur, Ga. NICHOLAS J. POMATO JAMES MICHAEL POPE B.S. Biology B.S. Metal. Eng. Schenectady, N.Y. Munhall, Pa. JAMES M. PLOU B.S. Civil Eng. Anaheim, Calif. JOSEPH E. PLUTA A.B. Economics New Buffalo, Mich. WILLIAM J. POLLOCK B.B.A. Management Portage, Mich. DAVID F. POLTRACK A.B. History Stamford, Conn. D. G. POPPLETON B.B.A. Management Pittsburgh, Pa. RONALD J. POTEMPA B.S. Preprofessional Colonia, NJ. FRANCIS POTENZIANI A.B. Economics Albuquerque, N.Mex. DONALD V. POTTER A.B. Gen. Program Glencoe, 111. HERBERT M. POTTS A.B. Comm. Arts South Bend, Ind. JOHN ADRIAN POWELL EDWARD A. POWERS B.S. Biology B.B.A. Management Elkader, Iowa Ashley, Ohio JOHN J. POWERS, JR. A.B. Mod. Lan. Savannah Beach, Ga. THOMAS R. POWERS B.S. Elec. Eng. St. Peter, Minn. W. P. POWERS, JR. B.S. Elec. Eng. Flushing, N.Y. WILLIAM A. PRISH B.B.A. Marketing Garwood, N.J. RICHARD PRZYBYSZ A.B. English South Bend, Ind. GEORGE Jos. PTACEK B.B.A. Marketing Big Lake, Minn. JAMES RYAN PURCELL A.B. Economics Scarsdale, N.Y. THEODORE V. PURVIN B.S. Elec. Eng. Riverside, 111. JAMES PETER QUENAN JAMES W. QUINN B.S. Preprofessional A.B. History Rochester, N.Y. Dobbs Ferry, N.Y. WILLIAM C. QUINN A. B. English Chicago, 111. IVAN M. QUINONES B.S. Elec. Eng. Caparra Hgts., Puerto Rico JOHN ALLAN RADEY A .B. Government Michigan City, Ind. JOHN G. RADOSEVICH B.B.A. Finance Palos Park, 111. WILLIAM J. RACEN A.B. Philosophy Chicago, 111. MICHAEL F. RALYEA B.B.A. Accounting Kenmore, N.Y. JAMES M. RAMSEY A.B. Economics Independence, Mo. RAYMOND F. RANKEN B.S. Preprofessional Garden City, N.Y. GERALD F. RAUCH A.B. Philosophy Columbus, Ohio ANDREW F. REARDON A.B. English Cincinnati, Ohio BRIAN J. REDDING B.B.A. Marketing Glenview, 111. JOHN C. REEDY A.B. Philosophy San Francisco, Calif. JAMES E. REGAN, JR. B.B.A. Finance Oak Park, 111. THOMAS E. RECNER A.B. Comm. Arts Kenosha, Wis. ROBERT E. REIDY A.B. English Chicago, 111. 314 JAN P. REIFENBERC A.B. Comm. Arts Wilmette, 111. ADRIAN J. REIMERS B.S. Mathematics Mexico, DF Mex. TERRY M. REINHART B.B.A. Accounting Washington, D.C. ROBERT S. REISHMAN B.B.A. Marketing Charleston, W.Va. PETER M. REYNOLDS B.B.A. Management Eutaw, Ala. THOMAS P. RHOADS A.B. Economics Qncinnati, Ohio ROBERT AARON RICE B.B.A. Finance Kenema Sierra Leone, West Africa MICHAEL R. RICH A.B. Comm. Arts Bloomfield Hills, Mich. DAVID G. RICHARDS B.S. Mech. Eng. Birmingham, Ala. GEORGE RICHARDSON B.S. Preprofessional Syracuse, N.Y. PHILIP J. RICOSSA B.S. Preprofessional Richmond, Mich. WILLIAM R. RIDCLEY B.B.A. Marketing Dallas, Texas THOMAS W. RIECK B.B.A. Accounting Des Plaines, 111. GARY R. RIESER B.S. Science St. Louis, Mo. WALTER J. RILEY B.B.A. Finance Munster, Ind. MARTIN C Rim A.B. Philosophy Notre Dame, Ind. THOMAS C. RINK B.B.A. Accounting Rock Island, 111. DAVID W. RISER A.B. Sociology Palo Alto, Calif. CHARLES G. RISHELL A.B. Government South Bend, Ind. DAVID L. RISTUCCIA A.B. Mod. Lan. Milton, Mass. WILLY RIVAS B.B.A. Finance Managua, Nicaragua BRUNO M. Rizzo B.B.A. Accounting Kenosha, Wis. 315 ROBERT J. ROBERTS B.B.A. Management Punxsutawney, Pa. LAWRENCE K. ROCCA A.B. Comm. Arts Arlington Hgts., 111. PAUL C. ROCHE B.B.A. Bus. Org. Man. Corry, Pa. VERNON J. RODEN B.S. Preprofessional Hamilton, Ohio W ' LLIAM E. RODGERS B.S. Elec. Eng. Marianna, Pa. CLIFFORD A. ROE LL.B. Law Notre Dame, Ind. GORDON A. ROGALSKI B.B.A. Marketing South Bend, Ind. DONALD J. ROGERS A.B. Philosophy Elmwood Pk., 111. DANIEL A. ROHDE A.B. English Wood Dale, 111. GERALD W. ROMANEK B.S. Biology Chicago, 111. EDWARD P. ROSE B.S. Preprofessional Creve Coeur, Mo. ALAN HAROLD Ross A.B. Sociology Utica, N.Y. THOMAS J. ROWLAND B.B.A. Finance Joliet, 111. ANTHONY C. RUDY A.B. Economics Solvay, N.Y. JAMES F. RUETHLING B.B.A. Finance Wilmette, 111. JAMES C. RUNKLE A.B. Government Deerfield, 111. RICHARD RUTHERFORD B.S. Preprofessional Endwell, N.Y. RALPH F. RUTTER B.Arch. Arch. Hailey, Idaho DANIEL JOHN RYAN A.B. English Manhasset, N.Y. DENNIS J. RYAN B.B.A. Bus. Org. Man. Yonkers, N.Y. WILLIAM J. RYAN, II A.B. Gen. Program Shreveport, La. WILLIAM JOHN RYAN B.B.A. Management Waterbury, Conn. DANIEL A. RYBAK A. B. Government Perry, N.Y. TERRENCE J. SABOL A.B. Economics Solon, Ohio JAMES L. SACCHERI A.B. English Fresno, Calif. ALLEN LEONARD SACK A.B. Sociology Boothwyn, Pa. 316 JAMES JOHN SACK A. B. History Bellefontaine, Ohio JAMES W. ST. CLAIR A.B. Mech. Eng. Aurora, 111. JOHN ST. LAURENT A.B. History Essexville, Mich. J. RICHARD SAJBEL B.S. Mathematics Pueblo, Colo. JOHN F. SALMON B.B.A. Accounting Chicago, 111. THOMAS D. SAMARAS B.B.A. Accounting St. Randolph, Mass. GIRDHARI SAMBVANI B.S. Elec. Eng. Milano, Italy PHILIP M. SAMPECK B.S. Dallas, Texas GERARD K. SANDWEC LL.B. Law St. Louis, Mo. HUGH F. SARACINO B.S. Elec. Eng. Mishawaka, liul. RICHARD E. SAUER B.S. Mech. Eng. Louisville, Ky. THOMAS G. SAUER A.B. English Indianapolis, Ind. DONALD A. SAVAIANO A.B. English Addison, 111. PAUL OVILA SAVARD A.B. Government Wilmette, 111. ERIC J. SAVILLE A.B. Government Claremont, Calif. GEORGE J. SAWAYA B.B.A. Finance Kemmerer, Wyo. OLASEINDE SAWYERR B.S. Biology Lagos, Nigeria M. T. SCHAEFER A.B. Government South Bend, Ind. JAMES D. SCHAFFER B.S. Aero-Sp. Eng. Media, Pa. EVERETT N. SCHEER B.S. Chera. Eng. St. Joseph, Mich. C. J. SCHENKELBERC A.B. English Cleveland, Ohio L. R. SCHERPEREEL B.S. Mech. Eng. South Bend, Ind. ROBERT F. SCHEUBLE B.S. Elec. Eng. Larchmont, N.Y. WILLIAM J. SCHICKEL B.B.A. Management Dryden, N.Y. 1 D. E. SCHINNEEH B.S. Civil Eng. Springfield, 111. A. P. SCHIRALLI B.B.B . Government Gary, Ind. PAUL J. SCHLAVER A.B. History Mount Prospect, III. F. C. SCHLEICHER B.S. Chem. Eng. Caracas, Venezuela EDWARD A. SCHLIES B.S. Preprofessional Hillsborough, Calif. ROBERT A. SCHMITT B.B.A. Marketing Philadelphia, Pa. WILLIAM J. SCHMUHL L.L.B. Law Michigan City, Ind. JOHN G. SCHOEN, JR. A.B. History New Orleans, La. ROBERT SCHOENHERR B.B.A. Finance Sturgis, Mich. I HI. I MVI.PSin l NOIKI DAME " ll ' tr " I Ihr ,4 " MuJrtid OFFICIAL SUMMONS a is [xnsibic, pirate call at the Oflke of tlif IVan ( v ' Rip-mJIl Adnuimlraliim Building, ami lirinx thit frd with M-ni N. R. SCHONrELD B.B.A. Finance Bethesda, Md. W. F. SCHOTTELKOTTE B.S. Chem. Eng. Dayton, Ohio MICHAEL SCHROEDER A.B. Psychology Iron Mountain, Mich. THOMAS SCHUEPPERT B.S. Preprofessional Menasha, Wis. JOSEPH F. SCHWABA A.B. Economics Chicago, 111. JOHN A. SCHWARTZ A.B. Sociology Rochester, N.Y. ROBERT L. SCHWARZ B.S. Preprofessional Davenport, Iowa A. L. SCHWEITZER A.B. Philosophy Notre Dame, Ind. DANIEL SCHWEITZER B.S. Elec. Eng. Milwaukee, Wis. DANIEL E. SEAMAN A.B. Government Middleport, N.Y. JOHN T. SEDDON A.B. Government Bronx, N.Y. MICHAEL W. SEIBERT B.F.A. Art Athens, Ohio PAUL H. SEILEH B.B.A. Finance Algona, Iowa LAWRENCE SELANDER B.S. Chem. Eng. Chicago, 111. EDWARD J. SEMANIK B.S. Elec. Eng. Euclid, Ohio ROGER W. SEMYCK A.B. History Chicago, 111. MICHAEL P. SENG LL.B. Law Lost Nation, Iowa A CASE OF ' HOPPINESS ROBERT B. SEVIER A.B. English Lawrenceburg, Tenn. CHARLES E. SHAFFER A.B. Psychology Seneca Falls, N.Y. DALE L. SHAFFER, JR. A.B. History Springfield, Ohio DANIEL SHAUGHNESSY A.B. English H erkimer, N.Y. PATRICK B. SHAW A.B. Gen. Program Tulsa, Okla. WILLIAM J. SHAW B.B.A. Management Arlington, Va. MICHAEL E. SHAY A.B. Economics Birmingham, Ala. TIMOTHY J. SHEAN B.S. Mech. Eng. Dewitt, N.Y. R. W. SHEM, JR. B.B.A. Management Crown Point, Ind. R. C. SHEPHERD B.B.A. Marketing Elmhurst, 111. JAMES P. SHERIDAN B.B.A. Finance Montpelier, Vt. TERRANCE J. SHORT B.Arch. Arch. Gary, Ind. EDWARD C. SHOUB B.S. Mech. Eng. Brooklyn, N.Y. EDWARD J. SHUMAKER A.B. History Grosse Pointe, Mich. JOHN JOSEPH SIBLEY A.B. Government Staten Island, N.Y. C, J. SlECLER A.B. Sociology Elmsford, N.Y. JOHN A. SILLUP, JR. B.B.A. Management Linden, N.J. STEPHEN M. SIM A.B. Sociology Bel Air, Md. JOHN EDWARD SIMNA B.B.A. Accounting Cleveland, Ohio CHARLES LEO SIZER B.B.A. Mktg. Man. Cranford, N.J. NORMAN J. SLAUSTAS B.B.A. Accounting Westchester, 111. RICHARD W. SLAWSON A.B. English Rochester, Minn. KEITH L. SMALL A.B. Coram. Arts St. Louis, Mo. C. B. SMITH A.B. Sociology Jamaica, N.Y. GEORGE F. SMITH A.B. Economics St. Louis, Mo. JOSEPH F. SMITH, JR. B.S. Mech. Eng. Mt. Arlington, N.J. JOSEPH S. SMITH B.B.A. Management Assumption, 111. JOSEPH V. SMITH B.B.A. Management Newburgh, N.Y. MARK EDWARD SMITH A.B. English Danville, 111. MICHAEL E. SMITH B.Arch. Arch. Omaha, Neb. 319 MICHAEL J. SMITH LL.B. Law Bronx, N.Y. PATRICK J. SMITH A.B. Mathematics Stark, Kan. RICHARD W. SMITH A.B. English Notre Dame, Ind. THOMAS W. SMITH A.B. Philosophy Notre Dame, Ind. MICHAEL A. SMOLAK B.S. Mech. Eng. Yonkers, N.Y. BRIAN JOSEPH SMYTH B.S. Elec. Eng. Crystal Lake, 111. JOSEPH A. SMYTH A.B. Government Norristown, Pa. DOUGLAS S. SNIDER B.Arch. Arch. Medford, Ore. RICHARD C. SNIDER A.B. History Garden City, N.Y. JEREMY E. SNYDER B.S. Geology Hinsdale, 111. KENNETH M. SOCHA A.B. English E. Brunswick, N.J. ERNESTO A. SOL, JR. B.S. Mech. Eng. San Salvador El Salvador, C.A. MICHAEL W. SOLON B.B.A. Management Akron, Ohio THOMAS E. SOUCY B.S. Preprofessional Belleville, 111. ROBERT JOSEPH SPEAR A.B. Mod. Lan. Downers Grove, 111. WALTER L. SPETH A.B. Economics Yonkers, N.Y. HAROLD J. SPIRO A.B. Gen. Program Philadelphia, Pa. DENIS E. SPRINGER B.S. Elec. Eng. South Bend, Ind. CHARLES E. STAHL A.B. Philosophy Notre Dame, Ind. R. W. STAHLSCHMIDT B.B.A. Accounting Affton, Mo. PAUL STEPHEN STAID B.S. Aero Space Baton Rouge, La. WILLIAM STALUNCS B.S. Elec. Eng. Carnegie, Pa. JACQUES STANITZ A.B. History Vermilion, Ohio WILLIAM C STASZAK A.B. History Berwyn, 111. MICHAEL R. STEELE A.B English Virginia Beach, Va. LESLIE J. STEHMER A.B. Government Mt. Vernon, N.Y. 320 ANTHONY J. STEIN B.S. Chem. Eng. Long Island, N.Y. JOHN J. STELZER B.B.A. Finance Leawood, Kan. PHIL ' P M. STENCER B.B.A. Accounting Birmingham, Mich. DONALD J. STEVENS A.B. Philosophy Notre Dame, Ind. RALPH W. STEVENSON B.B.A. Finance Seaford, N.Y. ROBERT W. STEWART A.B. Gen. Program Brooklyn, N.Y. THOMAS M. STOEPLER B.B.A. Mktg. Man. Southfield, Mich. STEPHEN N. STORCH B.S. Physics Columbus, Ohio PHILIP C. STORK A.B. Gen. Program Oakland, Calif. T. W. STRACHAN B.B.A. Finance Little Silver, N.J. RICHARD C. STRACK B.B.A. Mktg. Man. Ontario, Calif. THEODORE STRANSKY A.B. Preprofessional Owatonna, Minn. BERNARD M. STROJNY A.B. Government Yonkers, N.Y. WILLIAM H. STRUCK B.B.A. Finance Dayton, Ohio EDWARD F. STUABT B.S. Mech. Eng. Cheshire, Conn. GREGORY W. STURN B.B.A. Accounting Jasper, Ind. PHILIP STURTEVANT A.B. History Barrington, 111. WILLIAM R. SUCNET B.S. Mech. Eng. Buffalo, N.Y. FRANCIS P. SULLIVAN B.S. Eng. Sci. Gleushaw, Pa. Louis J. SULLIVAN A.B. Economics Lafayette Hill, Pa. M. H. SULLIVAN A.B. Government Brighton, Mass. NORMAN C. SULLIVAI A.B. Government Stockton, Calif. ROBERT J. SULLIVAN B.B.A. Finance Tulsa, Okla. THOMAS J. SULLIVAH LL.B. Law Grand Rapids, Mich. THOMAS R. SULLIVAN A.B. English Cupertino, Calif. WILLIAM J. SULLIVAN A.B. English Springfield, Pa. 321 BRUCE J. SUMMERS A.B. Economics Chicago, 111. R. A. SUTLIFF B.B.A. Bus. Org. Man. Richmond, Va. R. T. SWATLAND B.B.A. Accounting Stamford, Conn. JOHN R. SWEENEY A.B. Philosophy Notre Dame, Ind. PAUL V. SWINTON A.B. English Valley Stream, N.Y. ARTHUR C. SWIRTZ LL.B. Law Flint, Mich. THOMAS A. SWTTZER A.B. Comm. Arts Clayton, Mo. HARRY S. SWOYER, JR. B.B.A. Mktg. Man. Pittsburgh, Pa. JESSE SZCZEPANSKI B.B.A. Accounting Chicago, 111. VICTOR A. TALERICO A.B. Comm. Arts Des Moines, Iowa DIEGO TAMAYO B.B.A. Finance Bethesda, Md. MARCUS TARKINCTON A.B. Government Greenwich, Conn. RUSSELL W. TAYLOR A.B. Philosophy Notre Dame, Ind. THOMAS J. TENCZA B.B.A. Mktg. Man. Dearborn, Mich. ANTHONY J. TESKE A.B. Metall. Eng. Boise, Idaho THOMAS S. THELEN B.B.A. Mktg. Man. Kenosha, Wis. PAUL E. THIBODEAU A.B. Economics Cumberland, R.I. MICHAEL F. THIEL B.S. Mech. Eng. Washington, D.C. FREDERICK THIELEN A.B. Mod. Lan. Kenosha, Wis. ROHERT J. THOMAS A.B. Government Geneva, Switzerland JAMES W. THOMPSON B.B.A. Finance Omaha, Neb. JAMES J. THORNTON A.B. English New Albany, Ind. MICHAEL A. THORP B.S. Civil Eng. Louisville, Ky. PETER W. TIERNEY A.B. English Chappaqua, N.Y. MICHAEL E. TOBIN A.B. History Oak Park, I1L PAUL GORDON TOBIN A.B. English Elgin, 111. 322 JOHN JOSEPH TOLAND A.B. English Villanova, Pa. R. C. TOMICHEK B.S. Preprofessional Allison Park, Pa. WILLIAM B. TOMS B.S. Preprofessional Haddonfield, N.J. JAMES F. TONER A.B. Economics Portsmouth, R.I. PATRICK J. TOPOLSKI B.B.A. Accounting Michigan City, Ind. HENRY C. TOPPER A.B. Preprofessional York, Pa. ETIENNE TOTTI B.B.A. Finance Santurce, Puerto Rico DENNIS A. TRACEY B.B.A. Finance Lathrup Village, Mich. ANDREW B. TRAYNOR A. B. History Chicago, 111. THOMAS J. TREBAT A.B. Philosophy Notre Dame, Ind. JESUS TREVINO A.B. History Laredo, Texas MICHAEL TROMBETTA A.B. Economics Dania, Fla. JAMES W. TRUMAN B.S. Biology Akron, Ohio JOHN H. TSCHETTER A.B. Economics Sturgis, Michigan DAVID C. UHRIN A.B. Geology Mt. Pleasant, Pa. ACUSTIN URIBE B.S. Mech. Eng. Medellin, Colombia PAUL VANDERHEIDEN A.B. Government Appleton, Wis. JOHN A. VAN OSDOL A.B. Government Warsaw, Ind. DANIEL T. TUTKO A.B. English Streator, III. MICHAEL J. TWOMEY B.S. Mathematics Los Angeles, Calif. ALFONSO E. VALDES B.B.A. Finance San Juan, Puerto Rico JOSEPH JOHN VALES B.B.A. Finance Rye, N.Y. ROBERT A. VAZQUEZ B.S. Aero-Sp. Eng. Red Bank, N.J. RICHARD C. VEIT A.B. English Garden City, N.Y. JAMES A. VELLECO B. Arch. Arch. Cranston, R.I. JOSEPH C. VENERUS B.S. Elec. Eng. Woodbridge, NJ. WILLIAM R. VENO, JR. B.S. Elec. Eng. Attleboro Falls, Mass. JAMES G. VERNETTI A.B. English Waco, Texas F. G. VERTEBANO LL.B. Law Hillsville, Pa. ROCCO VlCNOLA A.B. Government New York, N. Y. STEPHEN L. VOCEL B.S. Aero-Sp. Eng. Columbus, Ohio J. A. VUYOSEVICH B.B.A. Accounting Chatham, NJ. TIMOTHY J. WAGNER B.B.A. Accounting Columbus, Ohio JOHN A. WALKER B.S. Preprofessional Shreveport, La. WILLIAM F. WALKER A.B. Government Aurora, 111. CHARLES M. WALSH B.B.A. Accounting E. Liverpool, Ohio DAVID E. WALSH A.B. History Indianapolis, Ind. FRANCIS M. WALSH B.S. Preprofessional South Bend, Ind. ROBERT J. WALSH A.B. Economics Tenafly, NJ. WILLIAM R. WALSH A.B. Comm. Arts Flossmoor, 111. B. J. WALTHERS, JR. B. Arch. Arch. Milwaukee, Wis. JOHN C. WARNER B.B.A. Accounting Strongsville, Ohio RICHARD M. WAUCH A.B. English St. Louis, Mo. J. P. WEATHERHEAD A.B. Sociology Shaker Hgts., Ohio DAVID W. WEICLE B.B.A. Finance Philadelphia, Pa. MICHAEL T. WEIS B.B.A. Accounting Anderson, Ind. MICHAEL E. WELCH A.B. Sociology Muskegon, Mich. RAYMOND J. WELCH A.B. Economics Wheaton, 111. THOMAS J. WELSH B.S. Elec. Eng. Philadelphia, Pa. K. E. WENDELN B.S. Elec. Eng. Fort Wayne, Ind. TIMOTHY WENGIERSKI A.B. Economics River Forest, 111. FREDERICK WENIGER B.S. Preprofessional Pittsburgh, Pa. JOSEPH E. WENSTHUP A.B. History Cincinnati, Ohio JOHN F. WERNER B.B.A. Management Arcadia, Calif. 324 ROBERT J. WERNER B.B.A. Finance Little Rock, Ark. STEPHEN C. WERNER B.S. Preprofessional Madison, Wis. DAVID G. WHITE A.B. Sociology Milwaukee, Wis. WILLIAM P. WHITE A.B. English Warrington, Fla. ALVIE G. WIDDIFIELD B. Arch. Arch. El Paso, Texas RICHARD M. WIELAND B.S. Physics Sunland, Calif. FREDER-CK J. WICAND A.B. Sociology Portsmouth, R.I. EDMUND J. WILK, JR. B.S. Biology Adams, Mass. ROBERT C. WILKS B. Arch. Arch. Westlake, Ohio WILLIAM R. WILLARD A.B. Economics Gadsden, Ala. CLETUS R. WILLEMS A.B. Sociology Kenosha, Wis. FRANK B. WILLIAMS B.B.A. Accounting Saratoga Sprs., N.Y. GEORGE A. WILLIAMS B.S. Preprofessional Harrington Park, N.J. JOHN C. WILSON B.B.A. Accounting Dallas, Texas AUGUST J. WINES A.B. English Hawthorne, N.Y. JOHN R. WINGERTER LL.B. Law Erie, Pa. DAVID M. WINKLER B.S. Mech. Eng. Silver Spring, Md. JOHN JERALO WIRTH B.S. Mech. Eng. South Bend, Ind. JAMES Louis WISER A.B. Government Detroit, Mich. E. S. WITANOWSKI B.S. Mathematics East Williston, N.Y. DONALD S. WOESSNER B.S. Elec. Eng. Fostoria, Ohio DENNIS J. WOLFARD B.B.A. Accounting Indianapolis, Ind. 325 GLEN FRANK Woo B.B.A. Finance Honolulu, Hawaii LEONARD T. WOODS B.B.A. Finance Los Angeles, Calif. JOHN F. WUKOVITS A.B. History Trenton, Mich. GREGORY V. WULLE A.B. History South Bend, Ind. JACQUES F. YATES A.B. Psychology Memphis, Tenn. GERALD J. YOUNG A.B. History Grosse Pointe, Mich. JACK HAROLD YOUNG B.S. Eng. Science Kelso, Wash. PATRICK C. YURASEK A.B. Government Quakertown, Pa. THOMAS R. ZAHN A.B. Government Huntington, Ind. ARTHUR P. ZELLER B.B.A. Finance Allentown, Pa. JOHN JOSEPH ZENNEB A.B. English Richmond, Va. ROBERT M. ZICKES A.B. English Parma, Ohio J. T. ZlMMERMANN B.B.A. Management East Meadow, N.Y. ANTHONY J. ZOCLIO B.S. Chem. Eng. Arlington, Mass. MARTIN LEON ZOLA A.B. Psychology South Bend, Ind. RAYMOND ZOLNOWSKI B.S. Elec. Eng. Bayonne, N.J. JOHN JOSEPH ZONE B.S. Preprofessional Wayland, N.Y. DAVID M. ZUROWSKI B.B.A. Accounting Oxon Hill, Md. EDWARD A. ZYCH A.B. Philosophy Notre Dame, Ind. JAMES W. ADAMS B.B.A. Ardmore, Pa. MARSHALL E. ANDERS B.B.A. Accounting Lafayette Hill, Pa. HENRY T. ANDERSON A.B. Economics Newport, R.I. W. L. BACHE, III A.B. Sociology Vicksburg, Miss. JAMES R. BAJURA B.S. Elec. Eng. Duquesne, Pa. PAUL M. BARRY B.S. Woodbury, N.J. JOHN F. BEAHN B.B.A. Marketing Cincinnati, Ohio 326 WILLIAM C. BECKER B.B.A. Leawood, Kan. JERRY L. BERTHOLD LL.B. Law Huntington, W. Va. KENNETH M. BLACK A.B. Government Milwaukee, Wis. MICHAEL T. BRADLEY A.B. English South Bend, Ind. JAMES P. BOURKE B.B.A. Management Elmhurst, 111. J. W. CHEAVARLEY A.B. Government Newton, Mass. JEFFREY W. COYLE A.B. History Staten Island, N.Y. JOHN D. DEVINS B.B.A. Finance St. Paul, Minn. PAUL DiBiANCo A.B. English Grand Junction, Colo. MICHAEL F. DICBY A.B. Comm. Arts Kirkwood, Mo. M. D. DOUCETTE A.B. Government Milwaukee, Wis. ROBERT E. DOWDELL B.B.A. Accounting East Norwich, N.Y. ROBERT E. DUFFY B.B.A. Marketing Northbrook, 111. LAWRENCE J. DUKE B.S. Preprof essional Grosse Pointe Park, Mich. C. T. ElSENSTEIN B.S. Preprof essional Sidney, Ohio MICHAEL W. FERENCE B.B.A. Finance Springfield, 111. P. J. FISHER, JR. B.B.A. Indianapolis, Ind. MICHAEL P. FLYNN A.B. Economics Indianapolis, Ind. M. D. GALLIVAN A.B. English Salt Lake City, Utah EDWARD F. GILL, JR. A.B. Sociology Woburn, Mass. ROBERT F. HAGERTY A.B. Sociology Niles, Mich. A. A. HOLOWATY B.B.A. Accounting Wellsville, Ohio JOHN J. HUGHES A.B. English Bayonne, N.J. J. F. HUMPHRIES, JR. B. Arch. Dallas, Texas WILLIAM J. KEARNEY B.B.A. Accounting Birmingham, Ala. LED M. KENNY A.B. Government Dedham, Mass. T. F. LUROWIST A.B. Pre-Med. Berwick, Pa. DAMES THOMAS F. MADDEN A.B. History White Plains, N.Y. JOSEPH D. MAHAFFEY B.B.A. Finance Dallas, Tex. M. M. MALERICH B.S. Professional Hayward, Cal. DEAN A. MARCELLUS A.B. Mod. Lang. Belvidere, III THOMAS J. MARTENS B.F.A. Art East Moline, 111. R. E. McCLOSKEY A.B. Mod. Lang. Pittsburgh, Pa. JOSEPH R. McCoY B.B.A. Accounting Bellrose, N.Y. P. C. McCuLLOucH ANTHONY J. MCGARRY DANIEL MCGRADE B.B.A. Management B.B.A. Accounting B.S. Chem. Eng. Bernard, Iowa Drexel Hill, Pa. Nesconset, N.Y. JAMES P. McLocHLiN B.B.A. Finance Little Rock, Ark. DANIEL T. MORIARITY A.B. English Kenosha, Wis. PETER C. NEWSON B.S. Geology Morrisville, Pa. RICHARD P. PALADINO B.B.A. Denver, Colo. LAWRENCE PESAVENTO A.B. English Wheaton, I1L JEROME P. PETER B.B.A. Louisville, Ky. GEORGE E. PETERS B.B.A. Marketing St. Louis, Mo. JOHN S. PHILLIPS A.B. Economics Syracuse, N.Y. ROGER J. PIERCE B.B.A. Marketing Clay, N.Y. DONALD J. POTVIN A.B. Pre-Prof. Worcester, Mas. KENNETH L. REUTHER B.B.A. Marketing New Orleans, La. DALLAS L. ROHRER B.B.A. Accounting South Bend, Ind. R. A. ROTHACKER B.B.A. Marketing Gary, Ind. R. J. SHAUGHNESSY B.B.A. Comm. Arts Pittsburgh, Pa. THOMAS B. SHEFFY B.S. Pre-Prof. Luxemburg, Wis. PHILLIP M. SLATT B.S. Aero-Space Spokane, Wash. RICHARD C. SNIDER A.B. History Garden City, N.Y. MICHAEL S. SNYDER B.B.A. Accounting South Bend, Ind. CHARLES J. SPRONC B.B.A. Marketing Sodus, N.Y. CHARLES E. STAHL A.B. Philosophy Chicago, 111. ' 328 GERALD V. STANTON B.S. Physics Chicago, 111. MICHAEL D. STOKES A.B. History Chicago, 111. PETER P. THORNTON A.B. Comm. Arts South Bend, Ind. THOMAS J. THORNTON A.B. Economics Manhasset, N.Y. DENNIS P. TISHKEN A.B. History Birmingham, Mich. RICHARD V. TROY A.B. English South Orange, N.J. JAMES S. WATSON B.B.A. Accounting Meridan, Conn. PHILIP J. WILLIAMS B.B.A. Marketing Bridgeport, Conn. R. A. WlNCENFIELD A.B. Government Cleveland, Ohio DAVID E. COLLIER A.B. History Philadelphia, Pa. THOMAS D ' HAEZE B.B.A. Accounting South Bend, Ind. THOMAS J. COUSINO A.B. Economics Monroe, Michigan EARL W. HENDRICKS B.B.A. Accounting Murphysboro, I1L P. D. MCCONVILLE A.B. English Rochester, N.Y. JOHN F. RHODEN B.S. Mech. Eng. Pittsburgh, Pa. JOSEPH P. AHEARN A.B. Psychology Farmingham, Mass. JERALD J. JORDAN B.B.A. Finance Cleveland, Ohio JOSEPH M. MARACLINO A.B. Sociology Stratford, Conn. 329 GRADUATES SENIOR INDEX A Abbott, John Thomas B.B.A. 4828 Wheaton Dr. Pittsburgh, Pa. Abele, Rodney J., Jr. A.B. 3909 Derbigny St. Metairie, La. Innsbruck Abide, Fred W., Jr. A.B. 400 Oak St. Leland, Miss. Adair, William F. A.B. 2300 Lincoln Park Chicago, III. Adams, James Waugh B.B.A. 217 Cedarbrook Rd. Ardmore, Pa. Baseball Adams, John L. B.B.A. 4704 Morgan Dr. Chevy Chase, Md. Finance Club; Rugby Adley, Ronald R. A.B. 239 Beverly Place Munster, Ind. Ahern, Terrance B. A.B. 706 Farmington Ave. West Hartford, Conn. Albright, George B.S. 30 N. 4th St. Allentown, Pa. A.I.A.; NROTC Council; Tech. Review Albright, William H. L.L.B. RR 3 Muncie, Ind. Moot Court Alexander, Harry W. A.B. 1338 Read St. Wilmington, Del. Football Allega, Richard D. A.B. Cre st Dr. White Plains, N.Y. Allen, Richard B. A.B. 36 Prospect St. Springvale, Me. Allen, Vincent M. B.S. 14 Frances Street Portland, Maine Alston, John Fraser B.S. 150 N. Third Ave. Cedarburg, Wis. Aesculapians; Alpha Epsilon Delta; Neighborhood Study Help Program Alvarez, Ronald B.B.A. Field Dir. Amer. Red. Redstone Arsenal Huntsville, Ala. Amann, David F. B.B.A. 9132 Avers Ave. Evergreen Park, III. Ammond, John Samuel B.F.A. 119 N. Second St. West Branch, Mich. Anders, Marshall E. B.B.A. 338 Ridge Pike Lafayette Hill, Pa. Crew; Wrestling Anderson, Joseph P. B.B.A. 608 Wyatt Ave. Lincoln, III. Beta Alpha Psi; Beta Gamma Sigma Anderson, Neal T. B.S. 20 Main St. Hawthorne, N.Y. Anderson, Thomas R. A.B. 13 Paddock Rd. Edina, Minn. Anderson, William G. A.B. 63 East St. Hicksville, N.Y. Dean ' s List; Dome; Mock Convention; Pre-Law Society Andrew, James Dudley A.B. 690 Palmera Ave. Palisades, Calif. Baseball; Dome; Film Society; Juggler; Scholastic Andrews, John F. B.B.A. 215 Scholfield Rd. Rochester, N.Y. Andrias, Charles W. B.S. 10 Indianhead Cir. Marblehead, Mass. Alpha Epsilon Delta Anson, Robert Sam A.B. 12737 Cedar Rd. Cleveland Hgt., Ohio Observer, Co-editor; Scholastic; WSND Anthony, Michael S A.B. 3042 N. Star Rd. Columbus, Ohio Antus, Robert L. A.B. 1254 Plandome Rd. Manhasset, N.Y. Glee Club Arsenault, Stephen B.B.A. River Rd. Gates Mills, Ohio Asher, Gerald L. A.B. 2001 4th Ave. San Diego, Calif. Fencing; Rugby Atkinson, John M. A.B. 6429 Jahnke Rd. Richmond, Va. Innsbruck Austin, John Andrew B.S. 291 Longacres Lane Palatine, III. Aesculapians; Hall Pres. Council; LUNA Azar, Philip Leslie A.B. 304 Susann Court Belleville, III. Glee Club Azzaro, Joseph R. A.B. 52 Overbrook Rd. Pittsburgh, Pa. Football; Monogram Club B Babbitt, Charles J. A.B. 411 N. Leroux St. Flagstaff, Ariz. Bache, William L. A.B. 9 Briarwood PI. Vicksburg, Miss. Sociology Club Bachewicz, Allan R. B.B.A. 533 W. Northwest Hy. Barrington, III. Bachmann, John D. B.S. 8225 Simons Dr. Norfolk, Va. A.C.S. Bachmeier, Melvin C. B.B.A. 6166 N. Winthrop Chicago, III. C.J.F.; University Bands Badaracco, Gonzalo B.S. Doormanweg 45 Curacao, Dutch West Indies Bajura, James R. B.S. 1035 Chestnut St. Duquesne, Pa. I.E.E.E. Baker, Bernard Reed B.S. 90 W. Prospect Ave. Pittsburgh, Pa. Baker, Edward T. B.S. 1109 Pendleton PI. Mt. Prospect, III. Geology Club; Voice Baldacci, Peter J. B.B.A. 220 Canal St. San Rafael, Calif. Baldwin, James G. A.B. 14220 Rutland Detroit, Mich. Balinsky, John J. A.B. 317 Southfield Dr. Fayetteville, N.Y. Chairman, Honor Council; Neighborhood Study Help Program; Academic Coordinator, Student Government Balladares, Ernesto A.B. Rep. of Panama Pan American Club Bambrick, John G. A.B 503 North 29th St. Harrisburg, Pa. Banker, John Davis A.B. Mohall, N.D. University Bands Bannon, Peter Owen A.B. 219 Phelps Rd. Ridgewood, N.J. Rugby Banse, Peter Henry B.B.A. 18 Westfield Park Cortland, N.Y. Central New York Club, treasurer Baran, Roger Joseph B.B.A. 6067 N. Neva Ave. Chicago, III. Dean ' s List; A.I.E.S.E.C.; Chicago Club, V.P.; Crew; Marketing Club Barbato, David J. B.B.A. 61 Kintz St. Rochester, N.Y. NFCCS Bardoe, Edward G. B.A. 6107 Dartmoor Ct. Windemere, Fla. Bargo, Joseph F. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. Barilla, Philip A. B.S. 3092 Crestline Dr. Steubenville, Ohio ASME; University Bands Barnabo, Gary Frank A.B. 28632 Herndonwood Farmington, Mich. Mock Convention; Young Republicans Barrett, David B.S. Computing Center Notre Dame, Ind. Barry, James T., Jr. B.B.A. 931 S. Meramec Clayton, Mo. Barry, John Patrick B.S. 19 Dorchester Lane Riverside, Conn. Bartke, Theodore C. B.S. 141 W. 119th St. Chicago, III. Bartley, Michael F. B.B.A. 3027 N. Bigelow Peoria, III. Bartolomeo, R. S. B.S. 191 Munro Blvd. Valley Stream, N.Y. Barton, Roily Juan B.S. Casilla 5155 Miraflores Lima, Peru Baruth, Kevin C. B.B.A. 343 Cottonwood Dr. Williamsville, N.Y. Basso, David T. B.B.A. 1013 Fourth St., N.W. Management Club; Sociology Club Batkiewicz, Ronald A.B. 206 Baker St. Royal Oak, Mich. Geology Club Batt, Herbert J. B.S. 24 Bentham Pky. Buffalo, N.Y. Neighborhood Study Help Program Batt, Richard A. B.S. 4555 Greenbriar Rd. Buffalo, N.Y. Aesculapians Baumert, William A. B.B.A. 23 Oak Ridge Lane W. Hartford, Conn. Soccer Club, V.P.; Neighborhood Study Help Program Baumgartner, John T. A.B. 1347 Evergreen Dr. West Bend, Wis. Dean ' s List; Innsbruck; Young Republicans Bayer, Scott D. A.B. 80 Council Rock Ave. Rochester, N.Y. Beahn, John Francis B.B.A. 818 Ellison Ave. Cincinnati, Ohio Marketing Club Beall, Stewart L. B.B.A. 1057 E. Illinois Rd. Lake Forest, III. Beasley, John F. B.B.A. 705 W. Saddle Rive Ho Ho Kus, N.J. Beauregard, Philip A.B. 43 Dudley St. New Bedford, Mass. Beck, David William A.B. 115 Hunter Ave. N. Tarrytown, N.Y. Crew; Glee Club; University Theater Becker, William C. B.B.A. 2507 West 90th St. Leawood, Kan. Behles, Daniel J. A.B. 1836 Balmoral Lane Glenview, III. Glee Club; University Theater Belden, Joseph G. B.B.A. 1428 N. Market Ave. Canton, Ohio Rugby Belden, Richard F. B.B.A. 3874 Croydon Rd., N.W. Canton, Ohio Bell, William I. A.B. RR 1 Box 28A South Hampton, Mass. Glee Club; Young Democrats Bellino, Joseph C. A.B 9200 Burning Tree Rd. Bethesda, Md. LUNA Bender, Stephen 0. B.S. 718 W. Madison St. Alexandria, Ind. Bentley, Robert C. B.B.A. 239 18th Place Clinton, Iowa Monogram Club; Baseball; Basketball Beoletto, James A. B.S. 706 N. Church St. Roanoke, III. Eng.-Sci. Club Berardi, Anthony L. B.S. 631 Coltsville Rd. Campbell, Ohio Bergan, Donald J. B.B.A. 1303 W. 3rd Cedar Falls, Iowa Cross Country; Track Bergen, William J. A.B. 133 Pond Plain Rd. Westwood, Mass. Neighborhood Study Help Program Berklich, Bernard M. B.B.A. 189 E. Gilmore Ave. Trafford, Pa. Bernardi, John A. B.B.A. Santa Fe Ave. Toluca, III. Dean ' s List; Basketball; Monogram Club Bernardin, Guerin A. B.B.A. 3114 E. Blackford Evansville, Ind. Young Republicans; Wrestling Bernier, James R. B.S. 3048 Main St. Greenville, N.H. A.S.C.E. Berry, Charles L., Jr. B.S. 3529 Woodruff Ave. Louisville, Ky. Physics Club Berthold, Jerry L. L.L.B. 50 Oakwood Rd. Huntington, W.Va. Chairman, Gray ' s Inn Bertrand, John B. B.B.A. 2610 Kerwick Rd. Univ. Hgts., Ohio Bescher, R. Anthony B.S. 1520 Cochran Rd. Pittsburgh, Pa. Alpha Epsilon Delta; University Bands Bevilaqua, Paul M. B.S. 16 Phoenetia Ave. Coral Gables, Fla. Dean ' s List; Technical Review; Fencing Bevz, John Michael B.A. 343 E. 9th St. Oswego, N.Y. Delta Sigma Rho; Dome; LUNA; Debating; Neighborhood Study Help Prog ram Bills, Julian N., Jr. A.B. 860 E. 18th Ave. Salt Lake City, Utah Scholastic; LUNA; Innsbruck Bisanz, Richard M. A.B. 303 Mt. Curve St. St. Paul, Minn. Young Republicans Bishop, Jan Alan B.B.A. 121 Boysen Rd. N. Syracuse, N.Y. Black, Kenneth M. A.B. 3502 S. 55th St. Milwaukee, Wis. Blannin, Richard E. B.S. 1576 Clifton Park Rd. Schenectady, N.Y. A.I.Ch.E.; V.P. Ski Club; Track Blasi, John J. B.B.A. 6941 N. Monon Chicago, III. Dean ' s List; Beta Gamma Sigma Bleser, Joseph G. B.B.A. 8528 School St. Morton Grove, III. Dean ' s List; Beta Alpha Psi Bliss, Harold J., Jr. L.L.B. 150 Union Ave. Bala. Cynwyd, Pa. Gray ' s Inn; Notre Dame Lawyer Blouin, Francis X. A.B. 140 Watson Rd. Belmont, Mass. Bodnar, Robert D. B.Arch. 2812 Louisiana Ave. Pittsburgh, Pa. Architecture Club Boersma, Harold F. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. Bohan, Humphrey T. B.S. 116 Woodside Dr. Clarks Summit, Pa. Swimming Bokan, William A. B.B.A. 1031 Casilada Way Sacramento, Calif. Sailing Club Bondi, Bert Roger B.B.A. 320 Sherman Ave. Sheridan, Wyo. Voice Bonfanti, Leonard A. L.L.B. 43 Lynnfield St. Peabody, Mass. Gray ' s Inn; Moot Court; Legal Aid Society Boquet, Andrew H. A.B. 6681 Vanguard Ave. Garden Grove, Calif. Student Government; Soccer Borlik, Richard H. B.S. 27 S. Park Dr. Arlington, Va. I.E.E.E.; V.P. Wash.-Md.-Va. Club Born, Peter Louis B.B.A. 1215 Fifth Ave. New York, N.Y. Bosze, Ronald Steve B.B.A. 6513 Mariana Dr. Parma Hts., Ohio Hockey Boucher, Ronald R. B.B.A. 9611 Fairfield Livonia, Mich. Bourke, James P. B.A. 140 Elmwood Terr. Elmhurst, III. Bowen, Neil Edmund A.B. 54 Tanager Road Attleboro, Mass. Voice; Dome; Neighborhood Study Help Program Boyle, Arthur F. A.B. 10 Croydon Dr. Merrick, N.Y. University Bands; Neighborhood Study Help Program Boyle, Thomas E. B.A. 6437 Edsall Rd. Alexandria, Va. Boyles, Joseph W. B.A. 1312 Lama Rd. Kalamazoo, Mich. Sociology Club Bradley, Michael T. A.B. 512 E. Angela Blvd. South Bend, Ind. Brady, Edward John B.S. 522 Garnet St. Kemmerer, Wyo. Brandau, John A. B.B.A. 1565 Winston Ave. Baltimore, Md. Lacrosse Brandon, James C. B.B.A. Coral Cliff Hotel Curacao, Netherland Antilli Treasurer Pacific NW Club Brandt, Edward M. A.B. 3501 Colonial St. Louis, Mo. Soccer Bregenzer, Robert J. A.B. 850 W. Walnut Kankakee, III. WSND Brehl, Robert J. B.S. 125 S. 18th St. Coshocton, Ohio Brennan, Robert J. B.B.A. 1537 Victoria St. Baldwin, N.Y. Bresette, James E. A.B. 925 S. Woodland Dr. Kansas City, Mo. Scholastic Brew, William E. B.B.A. 3520 N. Pershing Dr. Arlington, Va. Bridgeman, James G. A.B. 524 Berkshire Ave. Pittsburgh, Pa. Dome; Scholastic; Juggler Brieba, Enrique 0. A.B. Mar Del Plata 2147 Santiago, Chile Broderick, Richard B.B.A. 14 Farragut Rd. Plainview, N.Y. Freshman Advisor Broecker, Joseph H. B.B.A. 2153 Norway Dr. Indianapolis, Ind. Commerce Forum; Finance Club Bromboz, Jonathan J. B.S. 8035 S. Winchester Chicago, III. Brooks, Dennis K. A.B. 5695 Woodland Pass. Birmingham, Mich. Broussard, Joe C. B.B.A. 2535 Ashley Beaumont, Texas Geology Club Brown, William L. A.B. 120 N. 38th St. Omaha, Neb. Blue Circle; Voice; Monogram Club; Tennis; Neighborhood Study Help Program Brown, William R. B.B.A. 8920 r-5th Ave. Elmhurst, N.Y. Beta Alpha Psi; Beta Gamma Sigma; Commerce Forum Browne, Robert E. B.S. 2622 Van Hise Ave. Madison, Wis. A.S.C.E.; Young Christian Student Brumas, Miguel J. B.S. P.O. Box 3376 Panama, Panama Aesculapian Club; LUNA; Pan American Club Brutscher, George A. A.B. Newark Rd. Toughkenamon, Pa. Buccellato, Vincent A.B. Ill Chadwick Place Glen Rock, N.J. Buckley, David K. A.B. 1625 N.E. 1st St. Ft. Lauderdale, Fla. Bengal Bouts; Blue Circle Buckley, David W. A.B. 6353 W. Raven Chicago, III. Innsbruck; Ski Club Buennagel, Paul T. A.B. 3902 N. Grant Indianapolis, Ind. Sailing Club; Young Democrats Buonaugurio, Samuel A.B. 327 English Rd. Rochester, N.Y. Burke, Gerald F. A.B. Box 217, R.F.D. 3 Freehold, N.J. Burke, Jerome L. A.B. 1009 Homeland Dr. Rocky River, Ohio Baseball Burke, Kevin Gail B.B.A. 810 Chestnut Anita, Iowa Burke, William D. A.B. 7128 Oglesby Chicago, III. Golf; Dome; Posey ' s Fearsome Five Burkhardt, John E. B.S. 619 Gibbs Ct. Plainfield, Ind. Burnikel, Robert V. B.S. 33 Willoughby Path E. Northport, N.Y. Blue Circle; Pi Tau Sigma; Student Trip Trans. Man. Burns, Daniel M. A.B. 212 Stewart Ave. Garden City, N.Y. Juggler; Impersonal Pronouns Burns, Thomas G. A.B. 3122 Wainbell Ave. Pittsburgh, Pa. Burtis, John M. A.B. 1 Hampton Rd. Binghamton, N.Y. Dome Bush, John Joseph A.B. 3459 W. 74th St. Chicago, III. Bussmann, Frank A. B.B.A. 925 S. Meramec St. Louis, Mo. Marketing Club; Golf Butler, John Cody B.B.A. 13800 Shaker Blvd. Cleveland, Ohio Neighborhood Study Help Program; Young Republicans Butler, Timothy H. A.B. 215 Fourth Ave., N.E. Austin, Minn. Voice; Track; Advisory Board Buttler, John A. B.B.A. S. Virg. Lee Rd. Columbus, Ohio Athletic Manager; Columbus Club Byrne, Alfred S. B.S. 4 Echo Lane Larchmont, N.Y. Pi Tau Sigma; Bengal Bouts Byrnes, Michael J. B.S. 8009 Madison St. Louis, Mo. Byron, Michael E. A.B. 301 Rutledge St. Gary, Ind. C Cairns, Douglas A. A.B. 1865 Ashwood Drive Akron, Ohio Dean ' s List; Dome; Innsbruck Cairo, Joseph G. B.S. 14 Riverdale Ave. Belleville, N.J. Caldwell, Thomas H. B.B.A. 210 Probasco St. Lawrenceburg, Ind. Basketball Calhoun, Clay J. A.B. 7003 St. Charles Ave. New Orleans, La. Boxing Club Treas.; ND-SMC Joint Social Commissioner Callahan, Terrence B.B.A. 4019 Shoreham St. Pittsburgh, Pa. Campbell, David R. B.S. 144 Kinderkanack Westwood, N.J. A.S.M.E. V.P.; A.I.A. Sec.; Tau Beta Pi Canale, Daniel D., Jr. A.B. 140 St. Andrews Memphis, Tenn. Cancelmi, Louis Guy A.B. 920 Nurnburger Dr. Pittsburgh, Pa. Pittsburgh Club Treas.; Young Republicans Sec. Cantwell, Brian J. A.B. 15 Hollywood Ave. Massapequa, N.Y. Monogram Club; Track Caolo, Jack P. A.B. 131 E. Woodland Dr. Sanford, Fla. Pi Sigma Alpha Carbine, David J. A.B. 37 Piedmont Dr. Rutland, Vt. Cardenal, Alejandro V. B.Arch. Mangua, Hon. Pan American Club Chairman; Soccer Club Carman, John Scott B.S. 141 Farview Ave. Paramus, N.J. Executive Council; Science Senator; Science Quarterly Carmody, James T. A.B. 1202 N. Clinton Blvd. Bloomington, III. A.B. Business Forum; Committee on Negro Enrollment; Innsbruck Carney, Thomas P., Jr. A.B. 1050 Green Bay Rd. Lake Forest, III. LUNA; Hospital Volunteer Carroll, John C. B.B.A. 1149 Bedford Rd. Grosse Point, Mich. Fencing; Monogram Club Pres. Carroll, John C., Jr. A.B. 331 Becking Woodstock, III. Carroll, Thomas J. B.B.A. 346 Quimby St., N.E. Grand Rapids, Mich. Carroll, Vincent P. A.B. 315 Riverview Rd. Swarthmore, Pa. Neighborhood Study Help Program; LUNA Carson, Daniel M. A.B. 104 Oak St. Floral Park, N.Y. Lacrosse Club; Law Society Carter, Philip B. B.S. 1020 S. Leslie Lane Villa Park, III. Caruso, Michael S. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. Case, James Earl B.S. 308 N. Market Momence, III. Management Club Casella, Robert A. A.B. 1570 N. Grand Ave. Baldwin, N.Y. Rugby Club Casey, Patrick H. A.B. 943 Crystal New Orleans, La. Glee Club; Honor Council Cass, Robert Brian A.B. 8 Briar Rd. Golf, III. Dean ' s List; Innsbruck; Scholastic Cassidy, Douglas J. B.B.A. 1608 Parkside Dr. Peoria, III. Cassidy, Thomas P. A.B. 521 S. Lincoln Parkridge, III. Cassillo, Paul L. B.S. 1638 Avenue A Schenectady, N.Y. A.S.C.E.; Geology Club Catron, Earl C. B.B.A. 1513 S.W. 12th Court Ft. Lauderdale, Fla. Cavnar, James J. A.B. 9823 Preston Rd. Dallas, Texas Canticle Cayce, John Pape B.B.A. 2503 Roswell Ave. Charlotte, N.C. Finance Club Sec.; Mock Convention; Rifle Team Cecka, Robert James B.B.A. 12006 Maple Ave. Blue Island, III. Gymnastics Club; Marketing Club Celli, Alfred R. A.B. 2651 Findley Ave. Columbus, Ohio Innsbruck Cerow, Stephen P. A.B. 281 Raymond St. Rockville Center, N.Y. Chaput, Michael C. B.S. 4051 Parkwood Birmingham, Mich. Chelminiak, Paul L. B.Arch. 4121 54th, S.W. Seattle, Wash. Chenard, Charles A. LL.B. 93 Wordell Rd. Somerset, Mass. Chesney, John J. B.S. 1007 E. 10th St. Duluth, Minn. Chevarley, Joseph W. A.B. 75 Waban Pk. Newton, Mass. Business Review; Leprechaun; Social Commission; S.A.M.E. Chin, Allen Bong B.S. 14430 28th Ave. Flushing, N.Y. Cholis, Thomas J. B.B.A. 5361 N. Capitol Ave. Indianapolis, Ind. AIESEC Pres. Christenson, Joseph B.B.A. E. E. Warren A.F.B. Cheyenne, Wyo. Fencing; Marketing Club; Young Republicans Christopher, Edward B.B.A. 66 Victor Ave. W. Long Branch, N.J. Marketing Club Chuang, Anthony B.Arch. 5 Perkins Rd. Hong Kong, China Cihlar, Frank P. LL.B. 2648 Grove Ave. Berwyn, III. Notre Dame Lawyer Cimala, Ronald H. B.B.A. 124 Mankin Ave. Beckley, W.Va. Football Cinquino, Mario A. B.B.A. 56 Birchall Dr. Haddonfield, N.J. Clark, Richard I. A.B. 225 Irving Lockport, N.Y. Innsbruck; LUNA; WSND; Young Republicans Clarke, Lawrence J. B.B.A. 6050 Manker St. Indianapolis, Ind. Clasby, Thomas V. B.Arch. Mill Rd. Ipswich, Mass. Architecture Club; A. I. A.; Fencing Cleary, James P. B.B.A. 75 S. Deeplands Groose Pointe, Mich. Cluver, Henry John B.S. 2613 Kirk Ave. Broomall, Pa. Aesculapians; Lacrosse Club; Young Republicans Coakley, Donald J. B.B.A. 6410 Kennett Pike Wilmington, Del. Coble, Melvin Alan B.S. 545 Lancaster Jacksonville, Fla. A.S.C.E.; Rifle Team Coco, William V. B.A. 123 Stonebrook Rd. Helena, Ark. Dome; Film Society; Impersonal Pronouns Coffee, Terence P. B.S. 3102 Farmer Dr. Highland, Ind. Chess Club V.P.; C.C.D. Coleman, Richard J. B.B.A. 130 Sedgwick Rd. Syracuse, N.Y. Collier, David E. A.B. 9966 Dungan Rd. Philadelphia, Pa. Collins, Leo Thomas B.B.A. 50 14th Ave., N. Fargo, N.D. Football; Hockey; LUNA Collins, Michael W. A.B. 461 Rock Creek Run Amherst, Ohio Collins, Stephen M. A.B. 171 Forest Hills Boston, Mass. Colucci, Anthony M. B.B.A. 523 Main St. Armonk, N.Y. Bowling Team; Finance Club; Young Democrats Conjar, Lawrence W. B.B.A. 62 Brighton St. Enhaut, Pa. Football Conlin, Richard E. A.B. 1300 Linwood Ann Arbor, Mich. Conlon, Joseph Paul B.B.A. 35 Old Covered Bri. Newton Square, Pa. Philadelphia Club V.P. Connolly, Stephen J. B.B.A. 8106 S. Marshfield Chicago, III. Connor, John W. B.S. 46 W. Beechwoia Columbus, Ohio A.I.Ch.E.; Junior Parent Weekend; Columbus Club Treas. Connors, Donald F. A.B. 109 Locust St. Garden City, N.Y. Folk Music Society; Film Society Conole, William L. A.B. 76 Front St. Binghamton, N.Y. Conoscenti, Thomas A.B. 7065 W. Monroe Niles, III. Student Government Executive Co-ordinator; WSND; Chairman, Junior-Parent Weekend; Student Government Executive Vice President Conroy, John M. A.B. 6204 Elmwood Rd. Kenwood, Md. Rugby Club; Tennis Constantin, L. E. B.B.A. Rea Ave. Ext. Hawthorne, N.J. Conway, Daniel J. B.B.A. 106 Sleepy Hollow Pittsburgh, Pa. Cook, Michael K. LL.B. 2005 Morton Ave. St. Joseph, Mich. Notre Dame Lawyer Corbett, Thomas T. A.B. 780 Bluff St. Glencoe, III. Corbin, Richard J. B.B.A. 11722 Lytle St. Wheaton, Md. Dean ' s List Corrado, Patrick G. B.Arch. 108 Hudson St. Port Jervis, N.Y. Corrigan, John J. A.B. 1325 E. Broad St. Hazleton, Pa. A.B. Business Forum; Voice Costa, Richard J. B.B.A. 939 45th St. Brooklyn, N.Y. Cotant, John F. B.S. 15717 Rosemont Detroit, Mich. Dean ' s List; Blue Circle Cotter, John Arthur B.B.A. 5260 14th Ave., N. St. Petersburg, Fla. Couch, John C. LL.B. 42 Broad St. Kinderhook, N.Y. Courson, Donald C. B.B.A. 812 Catherine Ave. LaGrange, III. Cousino, Thomas J. A.B. 778 Patterson Dr. Monroe, Mich. Coyle, Brian John A.B. 523 Summit Ave. Hackensack, N.J. Track Coyle, Jeffrey W. A.B. 141 Third St. Staten Island, N.Y. Cramsie, Russell E. B.B.A. 121 LeMoyne Oak Park, III. Creagan, John M. A.B. 16 Western Dr. Ardsley, N.Y. Student Center Asst. Mgr; WSND Creany, Timothy P. A.B. 514 E. Horner St. Ebensburg, Pa. Cregg, George W., Jr. A.B. 338 Onondaga Ave. Syracuse, N.Y. Central New York Club Treas.; Fencing; Voice; Social Commission Crimmins, Sean T. A.B. 5519 Darlington Rd. Pittsburgh, Pa. Law Society Chairman GRADUATES SENIOR INDEX Cronauer, Charles E. A.B. 432 S. Patton Ave. Arlington Hts., III. Crongeyer, Robert L. A.B. 31 Lakeside Star L Pensacola, Fla. Law Society; WSND; Stallions Cronin, Patrick J. A.B. 615 E. Haney South Bend, Ind. Sociology Club; Young Democrats Crowe, Michael C. A.B. 9411 Sandrock Rd. Eden, N.Y. Innsbruck Crowley, Anthony W. A.B. 2401 E. Chandler Evansville, Ind. Knights of Columbus Crumb, Francis Leo A.B. Walesville R.F.D. 1 Whitesboro, N.Y. Hockey Club; WSND Cuccias, Robert S. B.S. 19338 Citronia St. North Ridge, Calif. A.S.M.E.; Dome; Scholastic Cuellar, John A. B.B.A. 8303 Inwood Rd. Dallas, Texas Fencing; Glee Club; Innsbruck Culhane, Paul John A.B. 2432 Lunt Ave. Chicago, III. Voice Cummings, Paul W. B.S. 842 Pleasant St. Worcester, Mass. Cunney, Paul Joseph A.B. 376 Essex St. Salem, Mass. Hockey Club; Weightlifting Cunningham, James J. B.B.A 604 Cherokee St. Bethlehem, Pa. Curley, James Kevin A.B. 112 Gamwell Ave. Pittsfield, Mass. Curran, Michael P. B.B.A. 207 Rock Island Oskaloosa, Iowa Cytacki, Edmund P. B.S. 20050 Brookwood Dr. South Bend, Ind. Physics Club D Da Dura Edward J. B.B.A. 28 Green Dr. Churchville, Pa. Crew Treas.; Philadelphia Club Treas. Dalton, Richard E. A.B. 600 Bedford Rd. Mt. Kisco, N.Y. Daly, Andrew A. B.B.A. 5 Heritage Ct. Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. Lacrosse; Marketing Club Danch, Michael J. A.B. 2416 Miami St. South Bend, Ind. D ' Aniello, John P. B.S. 10035 S. Clifton Pk. Evergreen Park, III. A.S.C.E. Pres.; Nu Delta Epsilon Dauphinee, Michael B.S. 93 Underbill Rd. Orinda, Calif. Davis, Jackson B. B.B.A. 975 Thora Shreveport, La. Beta Gamma Sigma; Commerce Forum Davis, John Henry B.S. Hq. U.S.A.F.E. D.C.S. M.D.C. APO 09633 New York, N.Y. I.S.O.; YCS Davis, John W., Jr. B.S. 24 Zemek St. Valley Stream, N.Y. Davis, Joseph Kirk B.F.A. 19 W. Wheeler Dr. Fort McPherson, Ga. I.S.O.; Leprechaun Davis, Paul Bruce B.B.A. 5608 Apache Rd. Louisville, Ky. Rugby Davis, Bro. Richard B.S. Dujarie Hall Notre Dame, Ind. GRADUATES SENIOR INDEX DeBruyne, Dean P. B.S. 900 S. 5th St. St. Charles, III. Decker, Gerald John B.S. 140 Starlite Dr. Kingman, Kan. Decoursey, Robert A. A.B. 3316 W. 68th St. Prairie Village, Kan. Hockey Club; Soccer Club De Craene, James E. B.B.A. Box 591, Univ. VIII. Notre Dame, Ind. Deegan, Joseph A. A.B. 5705 Old Ranch Rd. Riverside, Calif. Innsbruck De Franco, Carl A. B.S. Gurney Lane Glens Falls, N.Y. D ' Haeze, Thomas M. B.B.A. 2322 Bertrand St. South Bend, Ind. De Hond, Wayne F. A.B. 62 Knollbrook Rd. Rochester, N.Y. Deichl, Robert A. A.B. 12 Warren Court Northport, N.Y. University Bands Del Amater, William B.B.A. 1948 Frederick Ave. Merrick, N.Y. Demling, Thomas G. A.B. 924 Three Mile Rd. Grand Rapids, Mich. Innsbruck; Student Government Demong, Charles V. A.B. 1726 Forest Pkwy. Denver, Colo. Dean ' s List; Neighborhood Study Help Program; Ski Team Dempsey, John P. LL.B. 1273 North Ave. New Rochelle, N.Y. Dempsey, John R. A.B. 42 E. 4th St. Wyoming, Pa. Blue Circle Denver, John F. B.S. 2001 Earl Drive North Merrick, N.Y. Denvir, Robert F. B.B.A. 545 S. Lombard Oak Park, III. Beta Alpha Psi De Paredes, Arturo B.S. 3440 Laurie PI. Studio City, Calif. Dernbach, Richard L. B.S. 70 Lexington Rd. West Hartford, Conn. A.S.C.E. Desmond, John E. B.B.A. 66 W. Grixdale Detroit, Mich. Finance Club Desmond, Michael W. B.S. 8 Raspberry Lane Levittown, N.Y. Lacrosse; Nu Delta Epsilon Desnoyers, Henry T. B.S. 405 N. Commercial Clark, S.Dak. Aesculapians; Y.C.S. Dettor, Michael K. B.S. 1016 Woodward South Bend, Ind. A.I.A. Detzner, Daniel F. A.B. 8013 Greenwood Ave. Munster, Ind. Devins, John David B.B.A. 693 Montcalm PI. St. Paul, Minn. Diaz, Raul Ernesto B.S. Via Espana No. 17 Panama Pan American Club Dibianco, Paul E. A.B. 1330 N. 24th St. Grand Junction, Colo. Di Domenico, Peter A.B. 142 Lafayette Ave. Ocean View Norfolk, Va. Dielmann, William V. B.B.A. 443 Beverly Dr. San Antonio, Texas Beta Alpha Psi Dietrich, Robert A. B.B.A. 2209 Pine Birmingham, Mich. Fencing; Ski Club; Sports Car Club Diette, Ernest J., Jr. A.B. 394 Longmeadow Rd. Orange, Conn. LUNA; Mock Convention; Law Society Di Falco, Gerald A. B.B.A. 1831 15th Ave. San Francisco, Calif. Auto Club Digby, Michael F. A.B. 318 N. Woodlawn Kirkwood, Mo. Di Lillo, Joseph M. B.S. 44 Poplar St. Westbury, N.Y. Gymnastics Club; Judo Dillon, Michael E. B.S. 301 Maple Street Paw Paw, Mich. Dinallo, Richard N. A.B. Shore Cliff Towers 535 Ocean Ave. Santa Monica, Calif. Voice Dittenberger, R.J. B.S. 14020 Shawnee Tr. Cleveland, Ohio A. I. A. A.; Cleveland Club Treas.; Joint Engineering Council Dixon, James V. A.B. 21 Park Ave., P.O. 295 Lake Zurich, III. Fencing; Law Society Sec. Dixon, Patrick M. A.B. 511 N. Hennepin Ave. Dixon, III. Monogram Club; Track Dobbins, Harry M. B.S. 8 Beverly Place Little Rock, Ark. Dobrowolski, M. P. B.S. 547 Donaldson San Antoni o, Texas Donahue, John L. A.B. 21 Fleetwood Place Newark, N.J. Amateur Radio Club; Monogram Club; Student Manager Donaphin, Robert S. B.S. 11619 194th St. St. Albans, N.Y. Donovan, Daniel J. A.B. 34 Harwood Ave. White Plains, N.Y. Neighborhood Study Help Program; Student Manager Doran, Dennis M. B.B.A. 47 Grimsted St. Manhasset, N.Y. Dormsjo, Jan Erik B.B.A. 25 Pell Terrace Garden City, N.Y. Dotson, J. Dennis B.B.A. 202 Oak Knoll Mankato, Minn. A.I.E.S.E.C. Pres.; Finance Club Doucette, Michael D. A.B. 4725 Wilshire Milwaukee, Wis. Student Body Sec.; Student Manager; Voice; Pi Sigma Alpha; Dome Dowdell, Robert E. B.B.A. 11 Sagamore Rd. E. Norwich, N.Y. Bowling Downey, Peter J. B.S. 414 Honeysuckle Dr. Webster Groves, Mo. Glee Club Doyle, John Patrick B.S. 233 S. Washington N. Attleboro, Mass. Drejer, Francis J. A.B. 1130 N. Adams South Bend, Ind. Driscoll, Edward L. B.B.A. 1729 Woodard Rd. Webster, N.Y. Drury, John Walter B.S. 805 Maplewood Willard, Ohio Dean ' s List Dubowik, John M. B.S. New Searles Rd. Nashua, N.H. Duchemin, James R. A.B. 401 South 2nd St. Milwaukee, Wis. Duffey, Robert J. B.B A. 222 Hollywood Blvd. Monroe, Mich. Management Club Duffy, Reid John A.B. 1101 Saranac Lane Northbrook, III. WSND Duffy, Robert E. B.B.A. 1538 Chapel Court Northbrook, III. Marketing Club; Social Commission Duke, Lawrence J. B.S. 1362 Yorkshire Grosse Pointe, Mich. Dunigan, John T. A.B. 110 W. Kentucky Pampa, Texas Dunlavey, Michael E. A.B. 538 McKinley Pk. Buffalo, N.Y. Knights of Columbus Dunleavy, Vincent P. A.B. 242 Valentine Lane Yonkers, N.Y. Dunn, Francis James A.B. 8 Washburn Terr. Saugerties, N.Y. Arnold Air Society; Young Republicans Dunn, George R., Jr. B.B.A. 10 W. Kirke St. Chevy Chase, Md. Knights of Columbus; Lacrosse Dunn, John Joseph A.B. 7840 Merrill Chicago, III. Neighborhood Study Help Program; Young Republicans Dunn, Mark Thomas A.B. 206 S. Adelaide Normal, III. Dunn, Richard M. B.B.A. 5321 Granada Blvd. Coral Gables, Fla. Junior Parent Weekend; Student Senate Dunn, Timothy P. B.S. 21 Lower Main St. Hudson Falls, N.Y. Dunn, Vaughn M. B.S. 1501 Westover Rd. Linden, N.J. Aesculapians; YCS Dunn, William Lewis B.S. 1712 Chippendale Killeen, Texas A.S.M.E.; CILA; AROTC Drill Team Durel, John Walter B.S. 621 Canal Blvd. Thibodaux, La. Duren, Fred K., Jr. B.S. 2030 Linden Dr. Springfield, Mo. Geology Club Durick, Bryan T. A.B. Columbus, N.D. Durlacher, Stephen A.B. 800 Fifth Ave. Wilmette, III. Junior Class Academic Commission; WSND; Neighborhood Study Help Committee Durlin, William K. A.B. 3248 S. Glencoe Denver, Colo. Durso, Carl Kent B.F.A. Route 1 Olathe, Kan. Dwyer, Matthew H. A.B. 241 Maplewood Ave. Syracuse, N.Y. Dwyer, Richard L. B.S. 50 Roxbury Rd. Rockville Center, N.Y. Dwyer, William K. A.B. 9944 Prospect Chicago, III. Dyson, Robert L. B.Arch. 2207 77th Ave. Elmwood Park, III. Eckelkamp, William B.B.A. R.R. 1 Villa Ridge, Mo. Eddy, Nicholas M. A.B. 1647 Lincoln Way East South Bend, Ind. Football Eisenstein, Cnas. T. B.S. 915 E. Cedar St. South Bend, Ind. Ellis, John Henry A.B. 121 Armstrong Seneca, III. Elsea, Frederick J. A.B. 131 First St. Findlay, Ohio Emerson, Clifton W. B.S. 13 Emerick Lane Loudonville, N.Y. English, Francis E. B.B.A. 40 Fern New Rochelle, N.Y. Westchester Club Treas. Epping, Robert L. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. Evan, Alan Barry A.B. 62 Brian Dr. Trumbull, Conn. Fencing; Pre-Law Society F Fabec, William J. B.F.A. 423 West End Ave. Coraopolis, Pa. Falkner, Richard J. B.S. 7965 Dartmouth Indianapolis, Ind. Farrell, Eugene T. B.B.A. 9744 S. Loomis Chicago, III. Farrell, Thomas G. LL.B. 120-05 235 St. Cambria Hgts., N.Y. Fasnacht, Randall A.B. 623 Main St. Denver, Pa. Glee Club; Sociology Club; YCS Fedor, Joseph W., Jr. B.S. 50 Diana Circle Camp Hill, Pa. Aesculapians; Voice Feicht, Charles E. A.B. 1211 19th St., N.W. Canton, Ohio Arnold Air Society Feldhaus, Stephen M. A.B. 435 First St. Lawrenceburg, Tenn. The Observer, Co- Editor; Voice Editor Ference, Michael B.B.A. 18 Top Hill Springfield, III. Social Commission Ferguson, Paul S. A.B. 126 Devonshire Rd. Kenmore, N.Y. Buffalo Club Sec. Filardo, Thomas W. B.S. 540 Fifth St. Wood River, III. Alpha Epsilon Delta Fine, John C. LL.B. 150 Poritan Dr. Scarsdale, N.Y. Gray ' s Inn Finelli, Anton J. A.B. 2886 Dudley Ave. Bronx, N.Y. Honor Council; Neighborhood Study Help Program; Scholastic; Blue Circle Finn, Edward L. Ill B.B.A. 11 Langworthy Rd. Northampton, Mass. Finneran, John C. B.S. 2213 Wyoming Baytown, Texas A.S.C.E. Finneran, Patrick J. A.B. 121 Mango Pensacola, Fla. Finnerty, Joseph E. B.S. 702 Bement Ave. Staten Island, N.Y. AROTC Drill Team; Physics Club; S.A.M.E. Fiory, Richard T. B.Arch. Box 209A Lebanon, N.J. Neighborhood Study Help Program; Swimming; Tau Beta Pi Fischenich, Bro. R. P. B.F.A. Dujarie Hall Notre Dame, Ind. Fischer, Victor J. B.S. 80 Iroquois Dr. Bright Waters, N.Y. I.E.E.E. Fischetti, Peter D. A.B. 27 Exeter St. Forest Hills, N.Y. Neighborhood Study Help Program Fish, James Edmund B.S. 24 Woodcrest Rd. Asheville, N.C. Student Body Pres. 66-67; Junior Class Pres.; Student Senate; Science Advisory Council Commission Fishburn, Gary A. B.S. 19337 Telbir Ave. Rocky River, Ohio A.S.C.E. FitzGerald, David B.B.A. 10841 Kolmar St. Oak Lawn, III. Fitzgerald, M. F. B.B.A. Churchill Rd. Northport, N.Y. Knights of Columbus; Social Commission Flannery, Pat M.R.S. 5 Bird Lane Hicksville, N.Y. Fleming, Lawrence J. LL.B. C817 Crestoak Ln. St. Louis, Mo. Notre Dame Lawyer Fleming, Raymond R. A.B. 1837 18th St. Santa Monica, Calif. Dean ' s List; Neighborhood Study Help Program; Blue Circle Flint, Jeffrey E. B.B.A. 312 Shaftsbury Rd. Rochester, N.Y. Knights of Columbus Flock, Richard J. B.S. Route 1, Box 8 Naperville, III. S.A.M.E. Florestano, Dana J. B.Arch. 1101 East 57th St. Indianapolis, Ind. Flynn, Michael P. A.B. 4458 College Ave. Indianapolis, Ind. Foery, Raymond A. A.B. 7801 Lycoming Rd. Richmond, Va. Dean ' s List; Neighborhood Study Help Program; Voice Foghino, Thomas W. A.B. 823 S. Constantine Three Rivers, Mich. Foley, Michael P. B.B.A. 1220 Ashland Wilmette, III. Follmar, Gerald F. B.B.A. 1919 Kings Highway Rockford, III. Management Club Fong-Tom, Alvin A. B.B.A. Old Stony Hill Rd. Kingston, Jamaica I.S.O.; Voice; You ng Republicans Ford, Peter Wayne A.B. 5827 Folkstone Rd. Bethesda, Md. Hall President Fortin, Charles J. A.B. 1832 Pennsylvania Whiting, Ind. Foster, Charles S. A.B. 3592 Cowden Ave. Memphis, Tenn. Dean ' s List; Aesculapians; YCS Fox, Frank Lupton A.B. 308 Cross Ridge Rd. Birmingham, Ala. Fencing Fox, Henry A., Jr. B.B.A. 1055 Plymouth, S.E. Grand Rapids, Mich. Sailing Club Captain Francescani, David R. LL.B. 121 Andrew Rd. Manhasset, N.Y. Moot Court Francis, Kenneth P. B.S. 14415 S. Wabash Ave. Chicago, III. A.S.M.E.; Weightlifting Francis, Robert B. B.B.A. 15 Lansdale San Francisco, Calif. Francke, Joseph T. A.B. 369 Valley St. Williamsport, Pa. Frank, Robert S. A.B. 107 Jenkins Dr. Hunter A.F.B. Savannah, Ga. Pi Sigma Alpha; Young Republicans V.P. Franke, Richard A. A.B. 25791 Segundo Ct. San Bernardino, Calif. Gymnastics Club Frary, Anthony S. B.S. 733 Highland Ave. Visalia, Calif. Frawley, George E. B.S. 16 E. Bissell Ave. Oil City, Pa. Freddolino, Paul P. A.B. 248 Garnet St. Anaheim, Calif. Glee Club; Soph. Class Treas. Freeman, Bradley T. B.B.A. 5 Plymouth Ave., N.E. Grand Rapids, Mich. Bridge Club; Neighborhood Stud Help Program; Voice Freeman, John P. B.B.A. 45-600 Karns Rd. Naperville, III. Freitas, John E. B.S. Alpha Epsilon Delta 77 Lochmoor Blvd. Grosse Pointe, Mich. Alpha Epsilon Delta Frey, Albert Jules B.B.A. 1325 Crescent St. New Orleans, La. Marketing Club Fullana, Angel A. B.S. P.O. Box 9932 Santurce, Puerto Rico Pan American Club Gaffney, John T. B.B.A. Q 1971 Grenville Rd. Scotch Plains, N.J. Gage, Elliot Howes A.B. 441 E. Washington West Chicago, III. Film Society Gagnon, Thomas A. B.S. 305 Edgemoor Dr. Michigan City, Ind. Gallagher, Herbert A.B. 1 South Gate Garden City, N.Y. Gallagher, Stephen B.B.A. 14 Loyola Ter. Newport, R.I. Beta Alpha Pi Gallivan, Michael D. A.B. 17 S. 12th East St. Salt Lake City, Utah Ski Club Garber, Clinton D. B.B.A. 336 Cherry St. Bedford Hills, N.Y. Ski Club; Wrestling Garcia, James S. A.B. 1923 W. Irving Pk. Rd. Chicago, III. Dean ' s List; Hall Council Garlington, John D. A.B. 218 Milford Bldg. Rochester, N.Y. Garrett, John R. B.S. 2209 Taylor St. Joliet, III. I.E.E.E. Garsik, Warren J. B.S. R.F.D. 2 Brownel Rd. Cambridge, N.Y. Gartland, Francis E. A.B. 125 Adams St. Dedham, Mass. New England Club V.P.; Third Order of St. Francis Garvey, John M. A.B. 8 Fair Oaks Springfield, III. Gary, John Jerome B.S. 54 Elderfields Rd. Manhasset, N.Y. Gasperec, Louis S. A.B. 12234 Princeton Chicago, III. Law Society; Young Republicans Cast, Peter Bernard B.S. 322 Auburn Ave. Grand Rapids, Mich. A.I.Ch.E.; West ern Michigan Club V.P. Gauger, Michael A. B.S. 409 Margaret Dr. Fairborn, Ohio Gazdayka, John R. B.B.A. 601 Lyons Ave. Fair Lawn, N.J. Gehrke, William J. B.S. 45 N. Deeplands Grosse Pointe, Mich. I.E.E.E.; Monogram Club; Swimming Gentilucci, Richard B.S. 424 E. 31st St. Paterson, N.J. A.I.Ch.E.; Joint Engineering Council Gerardi, Vincent T. A.B. 125 Main St. Port Washington, N.Y. Getz, Thomas Joseph B.B.A. 5775 Three Mile Dr. Detroit, Mich. Ghio, Richard H. B.B.A. Rt. 3 Box 799 Stockton, Calif. Gibbs, Daniel S., Ill A.B. 140 S. Euclid Ave. Oak Park, III. Neighborhood Study Help Program; Football Giesting, Walter E. B.S. 11451 Strait Lane Dallas, Texas Giles, William H. A.B. 517 E- Fifth St. Brooklyn, N.Y. Dean ' s List; The Observer Assoc. Editor; Sports Publicity Dept. Gill, Edward F., Jr. A.B. 24 Caulfield Rd. Woburn, Mass. Sailing Club; Sociology Club; Young Democrats Treas. Gillen, Gregory R. B.S. 838 Pines Lake Dr. W. Wayne, N.J. Gillis, Frank D. A.B. R.F.D. 4 Mechanicsburg, Pa. Giordano, James T. B.S. 208-84 Gr. Cent. Pkw. Queens Village, N.Y. A.S.C.E. Giovino, Joseph A. B.B.A. 16 Woodland Rd. Jamaica Plain, Mass. Gleason, Harold A. A.B. 94 Ocean Ave. Massapequa, N.Y. Gmitter, Donald A. B.Arch. 365 Avon Dr. Mt. Lebanon, Pa. Football Godin, Allen F. B.B.A. 1193 Lochmoor Blvd. Grosse Pte. Wd., Mich. Finance Club Goeddeke, George A. B.B.A. 11768 Kilbourne Detroit, Mich. Football Goff, James W., Ill A.B. 3073 S. Buchanan Arlington, Va. Golichowski, Alan M. B.S. 58029 Crumstown Rd. South Bend, Ind. A.C.S. Sec.; Science Quarterly Gonzalez, Jorge A. A.B. Ave. Bolivar 640 Managua, Nicaragua Gooder, Leonard A. B.S. 17811 E. Verness St. Covina, Calif. A.S.C.E.; Fencing; Honor Council Goodpaster, Bro. K. E. A.B. Dujarie Hall Notre Dame, Ind. Goodwin, Clinton F. B.B.A. Grome Trail Lookout Mountain, Tenn. Kniqhts of Columbus; Rifle Team Goodwin, Russel L. B.S. 4618 Beaver Rd. Louisville, Ky. Neighborhood Study Help Program; Lacrosse Gorham, Jon Michael A.B. 808 Atwell Bellaire, Texas Neighborhood Study Help Program; Voice Gorman, Robert E., Jr. A.B. 815 Red Bud Lane Wilmette, III. WSND Gorman, Thomas M. A.B. 2421 Oak Tree La. Park Ridge, III. Gorman, Timothy J. A.B. 38 Gauthier Ave. Jersey City, N.J. Football; Monogram Club; Ski Club Gorski, Thomas M. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. Gounares, George A. A.B. 1211 Government St. Mobile, Ala. Sailing Club; Ski Club Graham, Thomas F. B.S. 3811 Blackburn Rd. Canton, Ohio Grant, James Joseph A.B. 4648 West 220 Cleveland, Ohio Sailing Club Commodore Grant, Richard C. B.S. 7900 Westheimer Houston, Texas I.S.O.; Pan American Club; Social Commission Grarsik, Warren J. B.S. Brownell Rd. RFD 2 Cambridge, N.Y. A.S.C.E. Gray, Francis J., Jr. B.S. Felt Street Way Salem, Mass. Graziano, Michael L. B.S. 1800 Sayre Chicago, III. Greene, David Lee B.S. 2101 Allston Ave. Louisville, Ky. A.C.S. Gregory, John M. A.B. 232 Kensington Rd. Lynbrook, N.Y. Grein, David Eugene B.B.A. 79 Oneida Ave. Oakland, N.J. Gremillion, Daniel B.S. P.O. Box 615 Ferriday, La. Aesculapians Grenier, Paul 0. A.B. 22 Greenleaf Dr. Delmar, N.Y. Griffin, David L B.B.A. 385 Avon Drive Pittsburgh, Pa. Kampus Keglers; Marketing Club; Voice Groh, Donn Lee B.B.A. 139 Virginia St. Mishawaka, Ind. Grumley, George L. B.B.A. 1209 Glenwood Joliet, III. A.I.E.S.E.C.; Marketing Club; Law Society; Scholastic Grzesiak, Ronald L. A.B. 1981 Ribble Road Saginaw, Mich. Neighborhood Study Help Program Guccione, Thomas L. A.B. 1104 Third Ave. Sterling, III. YCS Guertin, Earl W., Jr. B.S. 5758 Carvel Ave. Indianapolis, Ind. Voice Gurucharri, Vincent B.S. Box 44 A.P.O New York, N.Y. Aesculapians; Alpha Epsilon Delta; Film Society; Neighborhood Study Help Program Gustke, Leroy Karl B.B.A. 701 Court St. Syracuse, N.Y. Guter, Kurt Joseph B.S. 1026 Willow Dr. Pittsburgh, Pa. A.S.C.E.; Hockey Club; Pittsburgh Club Sec. Guzauskas, John S. A.B. 330 S. Rosedale Ave. Aurora, III. Voice Guzzo, Joseph Carl B.S. 266 Rutledge Ave. E. Orange, N.J. Haas, Geoffrey J. B.B.A. 6716 Valley Brook Dr. Falls Church, Va. H Hagerman, Gerald S. A.B. 2190 Montie Lincoln Park, Mich. Hagerty, Robert F. A.B. 2128 Indian Lake Niles, Mich. Haggerty, Michael A.B. 850 Alles Rd. Winnetka, III. Haines, James F. B.S. 92 Riverside Dr. Binghamton, N.Y. Haley, James F. X., Jr. B.S. 8 Pine St. Belmont, Mass. A.C.S.; Hockey Club Haley, Thomas D. A.B. 3500 S. Wadsworth Morrison, Colo. Innsbruck Haley, William A. B.S. 2276 Oakman Blvd. Detroit, Mich. Hall, James Alan A.B. 14 Pentucket Ave. Lowell, Mass. Bengal Bouts; Voice Haller, David C. B.B.A. W. Parish Rd. Concord, N.H. Halloran, John W. B.B.A. 2001 W. Forrest Dr. Richfield, Minn. Halloran, Thomas F. A.B. 569 Pat Haven Dr. Pittsburgh, Pa. Law Society; University Bands; Young Democrats Hanafin, Richard B. B.Arch. 2 Pleasant Ln. Wenham, Mass. A.I.A.; Architecture Club; CJF Hanigan, William, Jr. B.S. 10056 S. Bell Chicago, III. Aesculapians; Alpha Epsilon Delta Hannen, Mark Justin A.B. 50 S. Bellaire St. Denver, Colo. Aesculapians; Law Society Hanpeter, Michael G. A.B. Hanpeter St. North Creek, N.Y. Hudson Valley Club Pres.; LUNA; Mock Convention Hardgrove, James A. A.B. 303 Newell Danville, III. Hardy, Kevin Thomas B.B.A. 2221 Harrington Oakland, Calif. Baseball; Basketball; Football; Monogram Club Hargrave, Robert W. A.B. 532 S. Boeke Rd. Evansville, Ind. CILA; Rugby Hargrove, John J. LL.B. 90 Shore Rd. Babylon, N.Y. Gray ' s Inn; Moot Court Harkins, Thomas M. A.B. 24 May St. Needham, Mass. Harmicar, Robert M. B.Arch. 313 E. Myrtle Youngstown, Ohio A.I.A.; Architecture Club Harrington, James T. LL.B. 919 Notre Dame Ave. South Bend, Ind. Gray ' s Inn, Notre Dame Lawyer Hartel, Stephen C. A.B. 54 Fontainedleau New Orleans, La. Knights of Columbus; Neighborhood Study Help Program Hartman, William C. A.B. 24939 Ward Dearborn, Mich. WSND Harwood, Robert J. B.B.A. 19175 S. Sagamore Fairview Park, Ohio LUNA Hayes, Leo John, Jr. B.B.A. 35 Glenview Dr. Belleville, III. Scholastic; Social Commission Haynes, John Blake B.S. 222 S. Orchard Rd. Syracuse, N.Y. Fencing; Monogram Club; Physics Club Healey, James W. A.B. 233 Eckman St. South Bend, Ind. Healy, Kevin John A.B. 4415 High St. Chevy Chase, Md. CILA; Rugby Healy, Stephen J. A.B. 401 W. M. Haha Pkwy. Minneapolis, Minn. Heaton, Edward J. A.B. 63 W. Hudson Ave. Englewood, N.J. Judo; WSND Heck, Gerard L B.S. R.F.D. 1 Dewitt, Iowa Hee, Lawrence Yau S. B.Arch. P.O. Box 303 Wake Island Hegarty, John G. A.B. 290 W. 236th St. New York, N.Y. Hegedus, Theodore J. B.B.A. 447 Pine St. Meadville, Pa. Heiden, Thomas J. A.B. 1209 Scheffer St. Paul, Minn. Hockey; LUNA; Mock Convention Heinhold, James C. LL.B. 83 Village Line Rd. Babylon, N.Y. Heitzmann, Michael A.B. 6212 Kedvale Chicago, III. Helfen, John George A.B. 407 N. Harvey St. Griffith, Ind. Aesculapians Hendricks, Earl W. B.B.A. 109 S. 13th Murphysboro, III. Hennessey, Patrick A.B. Apre Box 4073 AP.O. New York, N.Y. Baseball; Sociology Club Hennessy, Daniel R. B.S. 1440 Walnut Western Spring, III. Hennessy, Thomas B. B.B.A. 5816 Crittenden Indianapolis, Ind. Crew; Finance Club Henning, Michael C. B.S. 25 Walton St. San Carlos, Calif. Henrich, Gerald L. B.S. 1808 E. First St. Merrill, Wis. A.S.C.E. Herer, Dennis W. A.B. 2 Clark Dr. San Mateo, Calif. Innsbruck GRADUATES SENIOR INDEX Herington, Richard A.B. 9 Ave. Minerve Brussels, Belgium CILA; Sociology Club Sec.; Hospital Volunteers Chairman; Track Hermes, Stephen A. A.B. East Lincolnway Sterling, III. Innsbruck; Wranglers Hermosillo, Carlos A.B. 7328 Park Woods Dr. Stockton, Calif. Innsbruck; Sailing Club; Ski Club Hertling, Michael E. B.B.A. 4225 Jennings Rd. St. Louis, Mo. Soccer Pres. Higgins, Michael ' J. A.B. 10430 S. Hoyne Chicago, III. Higgins, Thomas P. B.B.A. 5410 Stony Hill Ct. Grand Blanc, Mich. Marketing Club; Young Republicans Hill, Kevin Leigh B.S. 43 Jefferson St. Bradford, Pa. Hinchey, Robert E. B.B.A. 8112 S. Marshfield Chicago, III. Hoch, James S. B.B.A. 1505 S. D. St. Richmond, Ind. Management Club Hodgson, Robert J. B.B.A. 1255 Harrison St. Hollywood, Fla. Beta Gamma Sigma Hoelscher, John, Jr. B.B.A. 1301 N. Forest Rd. Williamsville, N.Y. Hoffman, John P. B.B.A. 410 Grove Manawa, Wis. Hogan, Robert J. B.S. 25 Esther Binghamton, N.Y. Hogerty, Dennis M. B.B.A. 1206 W. 61st Kansas City, Mo. Blue Circle; Finance Club; Football Holls, William M. B.S. 19 Ravenswood Rd. Allentown, Pa. Physics Club Holmes, David R. LL.B. 531 N. Scott St. South Bend, Ind. Holowaty, Andrew A. B.B.A. 610 15th St. Wellsville, Ohio Honerkamp, Frank W. B.B.A. 1008 Shore Rd. Douglaston, N.Y. Bowling; Kampus Keglers Pres.; Tennis Homey, John T. A.B. 548 Cambridge Ave. Youngstown, Ohio Football; Neighborhood Study Help Program Hornung, Ernest 0. B.B.A. So. Fairford Grosse Pte. Shores, Mich. Horvath, John J. A.B. 9737 S. Woodlawn Chicago, III. Householter, J. G. A.B. 797 Cobb Blvd. Kankakee, III. Howard, Peter J. B.B.A. 282 Fillow St. Norwalk, Conn. Huber, George M. A.B. 1035 Woodland Ave. Beverly, Ohio Wranglers Hughes, J. Michael B.B.A. 15825 Plainview Ave. Detroit, Mich. Business Review Editor; Hall President Farley Hughes, John Joseph A.B. 99 W. 37th St. Bayonne, N. J. Huhn, Gerald Edward B.S. 745 Highland View West Bend, Wis. University Bands Hultgren, Edward L. A.B. 3950 Wawonaissa Ft. Wayne, Ind. GRADUATES SENIOR INDEX Humm, George R. A.B. Yellow Cote Rd. Oyster Bay Cove, N.Y. Mock Convention; Ski Club; Social Commission Humphries, John F. B. Arch. 4931 Nashwood Dallas, Texas Hunckler, Charles J. B.S. 733 E. Dubail Ave. South Bend, Ind. Swimming Hunt, Douglas Alan A.B. 318 30th St. South Bend, Ind. Hupf, Kenneth J. B.S. 8355 Wolcott Ave. Seattle, Wash. Dean ' s List Hurley, John Parrel A.B. 1388 Keyes Ave. Schenectady, N.Y. Hudson Valley Club V.P.; Neighborhood Study Help Program Hurley, Joseph J. A.B. 9318 Lawndale Evergreen Park, III. Hurley, Timothy P. A.B. 6 Kendrick Nashua, N.H. Innsbruck Husson, Robert J. A.B. 914 Madison Ave. York, Pa. Monogram Club; Swimming; Voice Hutchinson, Edward J. B.B.A. 114 Floyd St. Belleville, N.J. Hyneckeal, Robert H. B.B.A. 730 Martin Dr. Baltimore, Md. I laconetti, John J. A.B. 765 Ridgecrest Akron, Ohio WSND; Innsbruck lacovo, Louis J., Jr. B.S. 13 Rachelle Ave. Stamford, Conn. A.S.M.E.; Pi Tau Sigma; Tau Beta Pi lerubino, Thomas A. B.S. 226 Cambridge Ave. Fair Haven, N.J. I.E.E.E.; Lettermen; University Bands Igoe, John Kevin B.B.A. 2454 Kensington Columbus, Ohio Marketing Club Imbus, Charles E. A.B. 960 Pavilion St. Cincinnati, Ohio I.S.O. V.P.; Neighborhood Study Help Program; Student Manager Irvine, Michael Ray A.B. 13524 Lucca Dr. Pacific Pal, Calif. Dome Academic Editor; Innsbruck Public Relations Coordinator Student Government J Jackson, Dana Frank B.S. 3790 Sherwood Rd. South Euclid, Ohio Film Society Jachnycky, Lubomyr M. LL.B. 1329 Boulevard New Haven, Conn. Jankowski, Edward R. B.B.A. 619 Pashway South Bend, Ind. Jankowski, Joseph J. A.B. 345 Summit Ave. Perth Amboy, N.J. University Bands Jennings, William J. B.B.A. 43 Havens Auburn, N.Y. Hall Pres. B.P. Jeziorski, Ronald M. A.B. 1225 Eastbrook Dr. South Bend, Ind. Johnson, David L. B.S 1124 Elder Rd. Homewood, III. Johnston, Jay J. LL.B. 619 Garfield Ave. Lake Bluff, III. Jones, Daniel J. A.B. 34 Holton Lane Essex Fells, N.J. New Jersey Club Sec. Jones, Robert K. B.B.A. 904 Woodbine St. Willard, Ohio Finance Club Jones, Stephen J. R.B. 74 Washington Ave. Garden City, N.Y. Bowling; Golf; Law Society Jordan, Frank T. B.S. 1006 75th St. North Bergen, N.J. Alpha Epsilon Delta; Aesculapians Jordan, John Craig A.B. 1431 Cascade Ave. Billings, Mont. Basketball Head Manager Joyce, Leonard A. A.B. 38 Sassamon Ave. Milton, Mass. SOS; Student Government Julian, Rodney F. A.B. 602 Shady Dr. Endwell, N.Y. Dome Editor-in-Chief; Dean ' s List; A.B. Advisory Board K Kalamaya, Richard L. A.B. Box 387 Bloomington, III. Voice; Boxing; Neighborhood Study Help Program Kane, John Joseph A.B. 1009 Fidelity Dr. Pittsburgh, Pa. Debate Team Kane, John Thomas B.B.A. 615 E. Washington South Bend, Ind. Kane, Joseph Edward A.B. 1834 Oakland Ave. Lansing, Mich. Dean ' s List; Glee Club Kamm, David G. LL.B. 1655 Jennette Ave. Grand Rapids, Mich. Kaplysh, Theodore P. A.B. 1917 Tampa Ave. Cleveland, Ohio Bengal Scouts; Hall Sec.; LUNA Karam, Albert J. B.S. 2619 W. Mulberry Ave. San Antonio, Texas Karpuska, Denis M. A.B. 61 Crestwood Dr. Manchester, Conn. Soccer Club Karrat, Anthony J. A.B. 2701 Genesee St. Utica, N.Y. Bengal Bouts Kashuba, Edward N. B.S. 3748 N. Pontiac Ave. Chicago, III. A.S.C.E. V.P. Kaup, Gary H. LL.B. 1032 Chase Ave. Hamilton, Ohio Kazlas, Juozas A. A.B. V.A. Hospital Marion, Ind. Leprechaun International Relations Club; LUNA Chairman Kazmerski, Lawrence B.S. 6505 Ebinger Dr. Niles, III. Keane, Thomas P. B.B.A. 15 Colonial Ter. East Orange, N.J. Keaney, David A.B. 1107 Beverley Dr. Alexandria, Va. Sailing Club Kearney, William J. B.B.A. 4232 Kennesaw Birmingham, Ala. Kearns, Robert F. A.B. 205 Charles St. East Williston, N.Y. Junior Class Religious Commissioner Keating, Barry P. B.B.A. 197 8th St. Idaho Falls, Idaho Fencing; University Bands; Leprechaun; Posey ' s Fearsome Five Keating, Thomas P. A.B. 7124 Helmsdale Rd. Bethesda, Md. Keckich, Walter A. B.S. 1739 Central Ave. Whiting, Ind. Aesculapians; Neighborhood Study Help Program; Freshman Advisor Program; Knights of Columbus Keeler, James M. A.B. 430 E. Allen St. Hudson, N.Y. Keenan, Raymond F. A.B. 1623 Montrose Dr. Tyler, Texas Rugby; Track; YAF Keenan, J. Sean LL.B. 214 Weber Ave. N. Canton, Ohio Grey ' s Inn; Moot Court Kehoe, Joseph L. A.B. Ill McClellan Blvd. Davenport, Iowa Arts Letters Business Forum; Golf; LUNA Keilman, James P. B.S. 3 Catalpa Lane Valley Stream, N.Y. Kelleher, John C. B.S. 4540 Brookside Toledo, Ohio Alpha Epsilon Delta; Mardi Gras co-chairman; Wrestling Kelley, Stephen E. A.B. 406 Dawes Wheaton, III. Kelly, Darby John B.B.A. 142 Dwight Rd. Springfield, Mass. Kelly, Donald F. A.B. 14001 Lake Ave. Lakewood, Ohio Kelly, Gerald T. B.B.A. 1235 W. 82nd St. Los Angeles, Cal. Kelly, James Edward A.B. 21 W. Van Ness Ave. Rutherford, N.J. Kelly, Kevin A. B.S. 110 N. Highland Ave. Ossining, N.Y. I.S.O.; Physics Club; Neighborhood Study Help Program Kelly, Paul James A.B. 196 N. Franklin Tpk. Hohokus, N.J. Crew; Rugby; Swimming Kelly, Paul Joseph B.B.A. 306 N. Delavan Ave. Margate, N.J. Aesculapians; Bowling Club Kelly, Stephen C. A.B. 2215 Sunshine Ct. Bartlesville, Okla. Kelly, Thomas J. B.B.A. 132 S. Central Chicago, III. Kelly, William D. A.B. 504 Long Hill Dr. Short Hills, NJ. Kelsey, Dallas S., Jr. B.B.A. 23056 E. River Rd. Grosse He, Mich. Kennedy, Patrick J. B.S. 3200 Lexington Rd. Louisville, Ky. Physics Club; Physics Curriculum Committee; Science Quarterly Kennedy, Robin M. A.B. 17009 Fernway Rd. Shaker Hts., Ohio Glee Club; I.S.O.; Law Club Kenney, Leo Michael A.B. 5 Sidney St. Dedham, Mass. Kern, Dennis Louis A.B. 69 Fairview St. New Britain, Conn. Knights of Columbus; Voice Kernan, Richard D. B.B.A. 165 Franklin St. Bloomfield, N.J. Kertez, Michael T. A.B. 2099 Olive Ave. Lakewood, Ohio Kessler, Francisco A.B. 24 Castle Ridge Rd. Manhasset, N.Y. Kiekbusch, Richard A.B. 2936 N. Frederick Milwaukee, Wis. Baseball; Blue Circle; Neighbor- hood Study Help Program Kill, Richard A. B.B.A. 8355 S. Troop St. Chicago, III. Chicago Club Sec. King, Michael J. A.B. 6853 Reynolds St. Pittsburgh, Pa. Kinney, Richard S. A.B. 1334 Murray Ave. Plainfield, N.J. Kirby, John P., Jr. LL.B. 426-45 St. Brooklyn, N.Y. Kissner, Robert J. B.S. 3330 Bellevue Rd. Toledo, Ohio Kisylia, Andrew P. B.S. 3672 Tyler Gary, Ind. I.E.E.E.; Rugby Club Klapetzky, Jan A. A.B. 501 Court St. Syracuse, N.Y. A.I.Ch.E.; Chess Club Klesta, Eugene John B.S. 2311 N. Monticello Chicago, III. Biology Club Kloc, Edwin Mark, Jr. B.B.A. 14536 S. Karlov Ave. Midlothian, III. Beta Alpha Psi; Beta Gamma Sigma Klump, Thomas L. A.B. 403 Holly Perryville, Mo. Basketball; CILA; Football Knaus, Charles A. B.B.A. 17165 Parkside Detroit, Mich. Knepper, Thomas M. A.B. 2145 Grey Ave. Evanston, III. Kolasa, Jaroslaw G. B.S. 1225 University Ave. N.E. Minneapolis, Minn. Bridge; Chess; I.S.O. Kolkoski, Richard R. A.B. 5991 Beech Dell Cincinnati, Ohio Koma, Donald John A.B. 4131 Elmore Rd. Fairview Prk, Ohio Komasinski, James A. B.S. 124 W. 4th St. Michigan City, Ind. Koob, Daniel James A.B. lona, Minn. Dean ' s List; Arts and Letters; Advisory Board Koper, James G. B.S. 26 Rutgers Wayne, N.J. Kornak, Martin P. B.S. 476 Selbourne Rd. Riverside, III. Korth, Patrick J. A.B. 5065 Tootmoor Bloomfield Hills, Mich. Fencing; Monogram Club; Tutoring Koserowski, Francis A.B. 92 West 8th Bayonne, N.J. LUNA; Track Kozdras, Richard F. B.Arch. 7403 Alabama Ave. Hammond, Ind. Architecture Club Kozlowski, Thomas E. B.S. 1122 Crestwood Dr. Northbrook, III. Sports Car Club; Sports Car Spectacular Kramer, John Alan A.B. 14 Smith St. Glen Head, N.Y. Head Football Manager; Monogram Club Kratovil, Robert 0. A.B. 122 Stroschein Rd. Monroeville, Pa. Kraus, Michael J. B.B.A. 20 N. Wisner St. Park Ridge, III. Hall Council; Young Democrats Kroblin, Robert A. A.B. 104 Lillian Lane Waterloo, Iowa A.D.A.; Innsbruck; Young Republicans Kroll, Jerome Jos., C.S.C. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. Kubisiak, Donald W. B.B.A. 721 Williams Wisconsin Rapids, Wis. Track Kuckel, Gary Peter B.B.A. 15 Great Pond Rd. Simsbury, Conn. Bengal Bouts; Marketing Club Kuhn, Thomas Robert A.B. 1919 Wendell Ave. Lima, Ohio Knights of Columbus; Student Government; Social Commission; Tutoring Kuka, Raphael E. A.B. 402 10th Ave. Havre, Mont. Dean ' s List; Golf; Sociology Club Kullman, Frederick B.S. 664 Adams St. Denver, Colo. Neighborhood Study Help Program; Tutoring Kuritz, James D. B.B.A. 5624 N. 27 St. Milwaukee, Wis. Kuruzar, Michael E. B.S. 3218 S. Michigan South Bend, Ind. Kwiatkowski, Frank A.B. 1310 Norton St. Rochester, N.Y. Baseball La Barge, William E. A.B. Ill East 31 St. Holland, Mich. Lacayo, Luis Henry B.B.A. 2 Ave. S. E. 603 Managua, Nicaraqua Pan-American Club Chairman Lamantia, Peter V. A B. 144 Forest Hill Rd. Toronto, Ont., Canada Football Lamantia, Stephen R. L.L.B. 200 Whitney Place Buffalo, N.Y. Gray ' s Inn; Notre Dame Lawyer Lamb, Philip M. A.B. Michigan, N.D. Lancaster, John A. A.B. 41 Dudley Ave. Hamburg, N.Y. Lancaster, Steven F. B.B.A. 225 E. Penn St. Shelbyville, Ind. Beta Alpha Psi; University Bands Landry, Wayne M. B.S. 507 York St. Rumford, Me. Lane, Joseph Donald A.B. 166 Pond Street Winchester, Mass. Ski Club Lange, Robert James B.S. Oak Tree Lane Rumson, N.J. Physics Club; Radio Club; Sailing Club Lapchak, Markian A.B. 121 S. Berkshire Rd. Bloomfield Hills, Mich. Radio Club; Student Affairs ' Commission Larkin, Terrance E. B.S. Pierce City, Mo. Larson, Richard D. B.B.A. 1 Ann Blvd. Spring Valley, N.Y. Lawrence, William H. A.B. 15 Garfield Ave. Glen Head, N.Y. Leary, Michael J. B. Music 17 Green St. Port Byron, N.Y. University Bands Ledesma, Manuel E. B.B.A. 560 Maximo Gomez Hato Rey, Puerto Rico Commerce Forum; Pan-American Club Lehmann, Thomas R. B.S. 2422 Valletta Louisville, Ky. Student Affairs Commission; Wrestling Leis, Donald George A.B. 45 Lancer Rd. Riverside, Conn. LUNA; University Theatre; Voice Leitsch, William C. A B. 522 W. Edgewater Portage, Wis. CILA; Innsbruck Le Mire, Robert E. B.B.A. 620 Fifth Ave. S. Escanaba, Mich. Beta Alpha Psi Leroux, Clayton G. B.S. 13855 Superior Rd. Cleveland Hts., Ohio Aesculapians; LUNA; Student Government; Social Commission Lesibu, Labius M. B.S. Lincoln University, Pa. Chess Club; I.S.O. Lesperance, William B. Arch. 1443 Lesperance Ct. Essexville, Mich. Levy, Gabriel A. A.B. Box 408 Managua, Nicaragua LUNA; Pan American Club Treas. Lewis, Gary Patrick B.S. 1833 Riverside Dr. Ottawa, Ont., Canada A.S.M.E.; Hockey Lewis, Lawrence E. B.S. 205 S. loka Mount Prospect, III. Chairman Marriage Institute; Student Government Office Manager Lieberman, Robert J. A.B. 8737 Littlewood Rd. Baltimore, Md. Innsbruck Lieberwirth, Ronald B.S. 9 Mapledale Ave. Saccasunna, N.J. A.S.C.E. Liepold, Donald A. B.B.A. 721 27th St. South Bend, Ind. Management Club Lind, Rodney N. B. Arch. 1715 S. 55 St. Tacoma, Wash. Linehan, Robert W. B.B.A. 1604 Central Ave. Wilmette, III. Law Society Linting, Richard L. B.B.A. 11828 S. Campbell Chicago, III. Hall Senator; Golf; Student Body Treas. Liscio, Robert T. B.S. 15 Claremont PI. Mt. Vernon, N.Y. Neighborhood Study Help Program Liss, Kenneth John B.B.A. 2426 NW 59 Oklahoma City, Okla. A.I.E.S.E.C. Treas.; Finance Forum; Junior Parent Weekend Lium, John Dennis B.B.A. Park Drive North Rye, New York Football Locke, Daniel J. B.B.A. 2910 Thomas N. Minneapolis, Minn. Hockey Locke, Stephen S. B.B.A. 2511 Avalon Houston, Texas Locke, Thomas S. B.B.A. 2009 Sundown La. Ft. Wayne, Ind. Ft. Wayne Club Sec. Logan, Francis D., Jr. A.B. 16 Sheridan Dr. Milton, Mass. Long, George Thomas A.B. 106 Addison Dr. Dewitt, N.Y. Central N.Y. Club V.P.; Neighborhood Study Help Program; Voice Longstreth, Timothy B.B.A. 3051 Dresden Rd. Zanesville, Ohio Amateur Radio Club Treas.; Knights of Columbus Longtin, Roger L. A.B. 619 South Small Kankakee, III. Looney, Daniel C. B.B.A. 2743 W. 55th St. Chicago, III. Innsbruck Lorey, Robert M. A.B. 835 Sunset Dr. Lawrenceburg, Ind. Arts Letters Business Forum; Baseball Lotito, Michael A. A.B. 6708 Newport Rd. Hyattsville, Md. Lounsbury, David L. B.S. 25 Sherwood Road Levittown, N.Y. Soccer Club Luckew, Richard S. B.S. 5556 N. Odell Ave. Chicago, III. I.E.E.E.; University Theater; Eta Kappa Nu Ludwig, Richard M. A.B. 1954 Fenton Lane Park Ridge, III. YCS; Mardi Gras Commission Lurowist, Timothy F. A.B. 320 E. llth St. Berwick, Pa. Innsbruck Lynch, Denis A. B.S. 4600 Bardstown Rd. Louisville, Ky. Dean ' s List; A.I.A. Treas.; Kentucky Club V.P. Lynch, J. Christopher B. Arch. 216 Beechwood Rd. Oradell, N.J. A. I. A. V.P. ; Architecture Club Lynch, James Robert A.B. 122 W. Circular St. Lima, Ohio CILA; Football Lyons, Kevin Joseph A.B. 27319 Donald Dr. Bay Village, Ohio MacDonald, George A.B. 5300 Birchcrest Dr. Minneapolis, Minn. Arts Leters Business Forum V.P.; Lacrosse; Pi Sigma Alpha Machiedo, George W. B.S. 854 Bogert Rd. River Edge, N.J. Aesculapians; Knights of Columbus; Mock Convention Machunski, Victor L. B.B.A. 1001 Greendale Ave. Needham, Mass. Mack, Gregory Robert A.B. 11411 Enfield Dr. Garfield Hts., Ohio I.S.O.; YCS MacKay, Jon C. A.B. 4526 Granville Cr. Toledo, Ohio Toledo Club President Mackin, Michael H. B.B.A. 804 S. Greenwood Kankakee, III. Madden, Richard H. B.B.A. 4502 Middleton Ln. Bethesda, Md. WSND Madden, Thomas F. A.B. 82 Davis Ave. White Plains, N.Y. Blue Circle Vice Chairman; Hall Senator; Junior Parent Week-end Madden, William F. B.B.A. 10031 Damen Chicago, III. Finance Club; Law Society Madigan, Daniel F. B.B.A. 5966 N. Lake Dr. Milwaukee, Wis. Law Society Madura, Jeffrey M. A.B. 405 Morris Ave. Bellwood, III. Hall Senator; Neighborhood Study Help Program; WSND Magel, Carl Thomas A.B. 1114 Rebecca Ave. Pittsburgh, Pa. Scholastic Maginniss, Howard P. A.B. 1200 N. Nash St. Arlington, Va. CJF; University Theater Magnano, Joseph A. B.B.A. 1121 6th West Seattle, Wash. Management Club; Pacific Northwest Club Pres.; Scholastic Magnotta, David C. A.B. 10045 28 Mile Rd. Albion, Mich. Mahaffey, Joseph D. B.B.A. 11005 Mandalay Dr. Dallas, Tex. Mahaney, William F. B.S. 133 Shawmut Ave. Marlboro, Mass. Glee Club; Golf; Neighborhood Study Help Program Mahoney, James J., Jr. A.B. 303 A Nyquist Cir. Greencove Spr, Fla. CILA; Glee Club; Innsbruck Mahoney, Peter J. 32 Beech St. Point Look, N.Y. Met Club Sec.; Track Mahoney, Terence J. A.B. 6007 N. Leader Ave. Chicago, III. Baseball Malek, Garey A. A.B. 1120 Hamilton Lockport, III. Malerich, Matthew M. B.S. 22718 Bayview Ave. Hayward, Calif. Aesculapians; Alpha Epsilon Delta Malin, Edward W. A.B. 259 Hollywood Ave. Douglaston, N.Y. LUNA Malinowski, Timothy A.B. 169 60 25th Ave. Bayside, N.Y. Sailing Club; Ski Club Malone, Brian T. B.B.A. 605 S. Ashland Ave. Lagrange, III. Malone, James L. A.B. RD 2 Phelps, N.Y. Malone, Thomas P. A.B. 1751 Seminole Lane Saginaw, Mich. Blue Circle; Dome; Innsbruck Maloney, Patrick E. A.B. 8025 S. Maplewood Chicago, III. Knights of Columbus Mankey, Edwin L. B.B.A. 5285 Madison St. Gary, Ind. Manning, Frank B. B.S. 2877 Roseneath Rd. Huntington, W. Va. A.S.C.E.; Hockey Club V.P. Manning, Michael P. B.S. 9 Otsego Rd. Worcester, Mass. Mannix, Daniel N., C.S.C. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. Manrod, William E. B.S. 324 Bellevue Dr. Bowling Green, Ky Manzi, Michael LL.B. 480 Prospect St. Methuen, Mass. Maraglino, Joseph M. A.B. 430 Freeman Ave. Stratford, Conn. Marasco, Francis R. A.B. Deans Bridge Rd. Somers, N.Y. Blue Circle; Neighborhood Study Help Program Marcellus, Dean A. A.B. RR 1, Box 251 Belvidere, III. Marchioli, Louis E. B.S. 1396 Colitna Rd. San Bernardino, Cal. A.C.S. Margraf, Jerome Lee B.S. 218 W. Indiana Ave. Elkhart, Ind. Marquis, Grant E. A.B. 10427 Lindberg Ave. Pittsburgh, Pa. Marsico, Joseph A. A.B. 7776 Central Ave. River Forest, III. Football Martens, Thomas J. A.B. 2144 10th St. PI. E. Moline, III. Martin, James M. B.S. 9239 Lee Blvd. Leawood, Kan. Martin, John L. B.S. 72 Maravista Ave. Falmouth, Mass. I.E.E.E.; Scholastic Martino, Anthony C. B. Arch. 1206 Leeds St. Utica, N.Y. Architecture Club; Joint Engineer- ing Council; Tau Beta Pi Martis, Geoffrey A. B.B.A. Box 324, Cedar Crest Bayville, N.J. Bengal Bouts Marx, Thomas 0. B.B.A. 8616 5th N.E. Seattle, Wash. Marx, William C. A.B. 832 Fermata PI. Aiken, S.C. LUNA Mason, Robert M. A.B. 338 S. 6th Ave. La Grange, III. Matthews, John E. A.B. 245 Linden Winnetka, III. Young Republicans Martori, Joseph P. LL.B. 3521 Kings Hwy. Brooklyn, N.Y. Gray ' s Inn; Notre Dame Lawyer Maturi, Joel D. A.B. 319 6th Ave., N.W. Chisholm, Minn. Student Trainer Maves, John Howard B. Arch. 1704 Belmont Rd. Grand Forks, N.D. Mazanec, James F. A.B. 6795 Green Ridge Solon, Ohio Aesculapians; Bridge Club McAdam, Peter L. B.S. 485 Landreth Lane Northbrook, III. McAra, Bernard Lee A.B. 13363 Lake Shore Dr. Fenton, Mich. Blue Circle; Innsbruck; Voice; Observer McAuliffe, Edward A.B. 1419 W. Garfield Chicago, III. Bowling; Young Democrats McBain, James A. A.B. 70 Crane Rd. Mt. Lakes, N.J. McCaffrey, Brian R. B.S. 76 Beacon St. Dumont, N.J. A.I.A.A. McCall, John T. B.B.A. Box 265 End E. Pine Nocona, Texas University Bands McCanna, Charles B. B.S. 117 E. State St. Burlington, Wis. McCarthy, Brian K. A.B. 3 Golf Course Rd. Amsterdam, N.Y. McCarthy, David W. A.B. 49 Myers Ave. Hicksville, N.Y. McCarthy, Dennis B. B.B.A. Box 326 Onekama, Mich. Mock Convention; West Michigan Club V.P. McCarthy, John J. A.B. 271 Dow Ave. Carle Place, N.Y. Lacrosse McCaskey, Timothy B.B.A. 257 Stratford Rd. Des Plaines, III. Glee Club McClelland, Robert A.B. 672 Holliday Lane Indianapolis, Ind. McCloskey, Richard A.B. 619 Beverly Rd. Pittsburgh, Pa. McClure, John F. B.B.A. 3954 Grandview Ave. Gurnee, III. Student Senate McConville, Paul D. A.B. 40 Greenfield Lane Rochester, N.Y. Blue Circle Chairman McCoy, Joseph R. B.B.A. 93 25 244 St. Bellerose, N.Y. Hall Council McCoyd, Kevin Mark B.S. 35 Highland Rd. Glen Cove, N.Y. Aesculapians; CILA; University Bands McCullough, Patrick C. B.B.A. Bernard, Iowa Baseball McCusker, Denis P. A.B. 1031 Foster St. South Bend, Ind. Juggler; Student Government; Voice McDade, Peter J. A.B. Jeffreys Neck Rd. loswich, Mass. McDermott, Robert A.B. Ill Hiqh St. Chelmsford, Mass. Wrestling McDonald, Paul F. A.B. 3 Wilmarth Rd. Braintree, Mass. McDonald, Raymond J. A.B. 534 Jackson Ave. River Forest, III. McDonnell, Robert A.B. 805 Prestwick Pkwy. Rockford, III. McDonough, Thomas J. LL.B. 9233 So. Bishop St. Chicago, III. Gray ' s Inn; Moot Court McFadden, Roger J. A.B. 10427 S. Hoyne Chicago, III. Honor Council; WSND McGarry, Anthony J. B.B.A. 5012 Fairway Rd. Drexel Hill, Pa. Philadelphia Club, Sec. McGauley, James L. B.S. 1232 Woodsboro Ave. Royal Oak, Mich. Alpha Epsilon Delta McGee, John F. A.B. 134 E. Hillside Rd. Barrington, III. Boxing; Neighborhood Study Help Program McGovern, William J. B.B.A. 8 E. Park Dr. Plainview, N.Y. McGrade, Daniel B.S. 3 Bella Ct. Nesconset, N.Y. McGrath, Mark G. B.B.A. Box 7052 Panama City, Panama McGrath, Robert R. B.B.A. Box 7502 Panama City, Rep. of Panama McGroder, Patrick A.B. 21 Larchmont Buffalo, N.Y. Bengal Bouts McGuinness Kevin B.S. 1425 Bedford St. Stamford, Conn. I.E.E.E.; LUNA GRADUATES SENIOR INDEX McGuire, John J. A.B. 1125 67th Des Moines, la. McGuire, Michael F. A.B. 747 Country Club Lane South Bend, Ind. McGuirk, James J. B.B.A. 421 Dogwood Dr. Salisbury, Md. Mclnerney, James L. B.B.A. 929 San Lucia Dr. Grand Rapids, Mich. Finance Club; Law Society; Swimming Mclntosh, Paul K. A.B. 23 Grand Park Ave. Scarsdale, N.Y. McKenna, James A. A.B. 5914 Cedar Pky. Chevy Chase, Md. Dome; Scholastic; WSND McLaughlin, James B.S. 1206 Ardway Rd. Bluebell, Pa. McLeod, Philip P. A.B. 6 Holman Carmel Valley, Cal. Law Society; Sociology Club McLochlin, James P. B.B.A. Little Rock, Ark. McMahon, Thomas E. A.B. 430 N. Oak Park Ave. Oak Park, III. Innsbruck McManus, Charles G. B.S. 34 Garden Road Shrewsbury, N.J. A.I.Ch.E.; Society of American Military Engineers; WSND McMorrow, David W. A.B. 2712 Fairfield Ave. Kalamazoo, Mich. Student Government; I.S.O. McNamara, Joseph M. A.B. 850 Lake Sue Ave. Winter Park, Fla. Army ROTC Rifle Team; Junior Prom Decorations Chairman McNevins, Kevin P. B.B.A. 1408 Banbury Kalamazoo, Mich. NFCCS McNicholas, A. J. B.S. 2720 NE 10th St. Pompano Beach, Fla. McNulty, William E. B.S. 10606 S. Bell Ave. Chicago, III. Eta Kappa Nu McPeak, Harry D. A.B. 625 Gramatan Ave. Mt. Vernon, N.Y. Film Society: Student Manager McQuaid, Richard F. A.B. 942 Lupin Wy. San Carlos, Calif. Blue Circle; Tutoring; Wranglers McWilliams, Thomas B.B.A. PR25 S. Honore St. Chicago, III. A.P.S.; Sports Car Club; Law Society Meade, James P., Jr. B.B.A. 10401 S. Hoyne Chicago, III. Meany, John Stewart A.B. 1534 Park Ave. River Forest, III. Innsbruck; Ski Club Medeiros, James A. B.B.A. 9 Keyes St. Warren, Mass. Dean ' s List; Marketing Club; Tutoring Medland, Patrick E. A.B. 128 W. Roselawn Dr. Logansport, Ind. Arts Letters; Business Forum Mehlmann, Joseph B.S. 814 Hankes Ave. Aurora, III. LUNA; Soccer; Soccer Club Meinert, Edward G. B. Arch. 54 Chalfonte Ave. Pittsburgh, Pa. Meixsel, Lawrence D. B.S. 304 S. 43rd St. Louisville, Ky. A.C.S. Melone, Joseph J. B.B.A. 304 Copeland Ave. Lyndhurst, N.J. Band GRADUATES SENIOR INDEX Melone, Ralph J. B. Arch. 9 Beech Mountain Top, Pa. Merk, Michael T. B.S. 4271 Danberry Dr. N. Olmsted, Ohio A.r.Ch.E. Merrill, William W. B.S. 4229 Galway Ave. Forth Worth, Tex. Metelko, Robert L B.B.A. 410 N. Hamilton St. Lincoln, III. V.P. Kampus Keglers Metrailer, Albert C. B.S. 1000 N. Polk Little Rock, Ark. Choir; Eta Kappa Nu Meyer, John Richard B.B.A. 1024 Sunnyside Dr. Cadillac, Mich. Football; Monogram Club; Ski Club Meyer, Louis F. B.S. 822 North Temple Indianapolis, Ind. Meyer, Michael H. A.B. 8812 Dunsmuir Dr. Indianapolis, Ind. Neighborhood Study Help Program Meyer, Paul J. LL.B. 9752 S. Utica Evergreen Park, III. Notre Dame Lawyer Meyers, William J. B.S. 7301 Tiki Ave. Cincinnati, Ohio Knights of Columbus; Physics Club Michalak, Robert A. B.B.A. 6016 W. Eddy St. Chicago, III. Business Review; Neighborhood Study Help Program; Soccer Miklos, Thomas J. B.B.A. 109 Chestnut St. Coplay, Pa. Management Club Miller, Christopher R. B.S. 210 Ivanhoe Rd. Waterloo, la. Alpha Epsilon Delta; Fencing; Ski Club Millerd, Thomas R. B.B.A. 1612 23rd St. South Bend, Ind. Millman, Dennis G. A.B. 3820 Old Marion Rd. NE Cedar Rapids, la. Pangborn Hall President Mitchack, James A. A.B. 1454 Thome Chicago, III. Glee Club; Law Society Mitchell, Mark J., Ill A.B. 1066 Mount Pleasant Rd. Winnetka, III. Moar, Leo Andrew A.B. 33 Longmeadow Rd. Beverly, Mass. Monahan, James E. B.B.A. 239 Pine St. Arcola, III. Basketball; Central Illinois Club V.P.; Monogram Club Monolo, Joseph C. B.S. 410 Claybrook Kirkwood, Mo. A.I.Ch.E. Montoya, Eugene R. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. Moore, Stephen C. B.B.A. 89 Kirkwood Ave. Merrick, N.Y. Rugby Moran, James Kevin A.B. 9912 Belhaven Rd. Bethesda, Md. Student Manager Moran, John K., Jr. A.B. West Lawn Cir. Wormleysburg, Pa. Debating; Fencing; Young Republicans Treas.; Law Society Moran, Robert John A.B. 5332 W. Congress Pkwy. Chicago, III. Student Senate Student Body Vice President Moran, Ronald Carl B.S. 7339 N. Oketo Ave. Chicago, III. Moravec, Michael R. A.B. 377 E. Broadway Winona, Minn. Dean ' s List; Junior Parents Week- end; Neighborhood Study Help Program; University Bands Moriarty, Daniel T. A.B. 7722 2nd Ave. Kenosha, Wis. Badin Hall President Moriarty, John W. B.S. 2024 Tyler Lane Louisville, Ky. Dean ' s List; LUNA; Science Advisory Council Morris, Peter D. A.B. 818 Talbot De Pere, Wis. Neighborhood Study Help Program; Law Society; WSND Morris, William A. B.S. 1911 Deer Park Ave. Louisville, Ky. Dome; Physics Club Pres.; Science Advisory Council Morrison, Charles M. A.B. 4803 Pocahontas Ave. Richmond, Va. Morrison, Kevin T. B.B.A. 8524 Elmwood Rd. Munster, Ind. Dean ' s List; Beta Alpha Psi; Beta Gamma Sigma Morton, Paul M. B.B.A. 45 Bradford Ave. Rye, N.Y. Army ROTC Drill Team Moss, William J. A.B. 6074 Cedarwood Mentor, Ohio Mousaw, David F. B.S. 28 Babcock Dr. Rochester, N.Y. Aesculapians Muench, Richard A. LL.B. 718 E. Cedar St. South Bend, Ind. Mugerauer, Robert W. A.B. 727 Florida Ave. Oshkosh, Wis. Dean ' s List Mullen, Joseph B.S. 6020 St. Andrews Ln. Richmond, Va. A.I.E.E.; A.S.M.E. Mulvihill, Stephen B. Arch. 1070 East Court St. Kankakee, III. Mundhenk, Robert T. A.B. 52 Shortridge Dr. Mineola, N.Y. Dean ' s List; Glee Club Pres.; Voice Assoc. Editor Munson, Peter K. B.B.A. 1216 Gandy Denison, Tex. Glee Club; Knights of Columbus; Texas Club V.P. Murley, Joseph M. B.S. 36 Courtland St. Worcester, Mass. Aesculapians; Bengal Bouts; Crew Murphy, Gerald W. A.B. Stoney Ridge Ln. Riverside, Conn. Film Society; Folk Music Society Murphy, John L. B.S. 47 Melrose Dr. Toms River, N.J. Murphy, Thomas C. B.B.A. 513 W. Saginaw Lansing, Mich. Finance Club; Glee Club Murray, Daniel R. A.B. 2154 E. Ramsey Dr. Baton Rouge, La. Blue Circle; Neighbor- hood Study Help Program; Voice News Editor- Scholastic Editor Murray, Francis 0. B.Arch. 11 Charles St. Newburyport, Mass. Myer, Robert R., Ill B.B.A. 6740 S. W. 110th St. Miami, Fla. Mylan, Dennis A. B.Arch. 133 Roxbury Rd. Dumont, N.J. A.I.A.A.; Architecture Club; Young Republicans Nadar, Thomas R. A.B. 721 S. Wisconsin Oak Park, III. Innsbruck; LUNA; University Theater Nagel, William H. A.B. 609 North Oak Morrilton, Ark. Neighborhood Study Help Program; Voice Narmont, Robert A. B.B.A. 518 N. Fifth Auburn, III. Glee Club; University Bands Nash, Patrick J. A.B. 10422 Longwood Dr. Chicago, III. Arts Letters Business Forum Sec.; Junior Class-V.P.; Junior Parent Weekend Nasky, H. Gregory LL.B. 105 Center Street Warren, Penn. Gray ' s Inn Negrelli, Donald E. B.S. 35649 Dorchester Gates Mills, Ohio Pi Tau Sigma; Soccer Nelson, Benjamin E. B.Arch. 422 E. 108 St. Chicago, III. A.I.A.A.; Archtecture Club Nelson, John W. LL.B. 349 Oak Drive La Porte, Ind. Gray ' s Inn; Notre Dame Lawyer Assoc. Editor Nenadic, Donald A. B.S. 23 W. Arizona Detroit, Mich. Nesius, Robert C. B.S. 401 Carter Ave. Goshen, Ind. Sailing; Social Commission Neuburger, Thomas R. A.B. 8335 Brittany Hill Grand Blanc, Mich. University Theater; WSND; YCS Nevin, Jerome F. B.B.A. 930 Comstock Ct. Spokane, Wash. Newsom, Peter C. B.S. 102 Arborlea Ave. Morrisville, Pa. Crew Neylon, William P. A.B. 328 Beacon St. Lowell, Mass. Nicholson, William B.S. 3 Mann Dr. Kentfield, Calif. Pi Tau Sigma Nick, Gerard Joseph B.B.A. 493 Greenfield Ave. Glen Elleyn, III. Beta Gamma Sigma Nieli, Anthony L B.S. 2103 Woodbine Ave. Merrick, N.Y. Judo Club; NFCCS Pres.; YCS Nieman, Donald 0. A.B. 2818 Castleview Dr. Pittsburg, Pa. Neighborhood Study Help Program; WSND Niemeyer, Christian A.B. 806 E. Angela South Bend,, Ind. Nienaber, Joseph W. A.B. 141 Pedretti Rd. Cincinnati, Ohio Nilsen, Arthur W. B.S. 420 Seaton Ave. Roselle Pk., N.J. Nissen, Thomas E. B.S. 3501 Lynnmar Way Carmichael, Calif. Noelke, Paul W. A.B. 4440 N. Farwell Ave. Milwaukee, Wis. Law Society Nofi, Richard B.B.A. 2 Durbyan St. Port Washington, N.Y. Dean ' s List; Finance Club; Knights of Columbus Nofi, Robert B.B.A. 2 Durbyan St. Port Washington, N.Y. Dean ' s List; Nolan, Joseph I. A.B. 80 Neptune Ave. Neptune City, N.J. Young Democrats Nolan, Wendell P. A.B. 1501 Maple Evanston, III. CILA; Neighborhood Study Help Program Noll, Richard J. B.S. 2202 4th St., N.E. Canton, Ohio Physics Club Norrett, William A. B.B.A. 5135 N. 15th St. Philadelphia, Pa. Northup, Stephen A. A.B. 6314 Ridgeway Rd. Richmond, Va. Blue Circle; Student Government Human Affairs Coordinator; Innsbruck Norton, Terrance A. A.B. 1615 Newcastle Ave. Westchester, III. Novy, Michael D. B.B.A. 5949 Eddy St. Chicago, III. Innsbruck; Law Society; Young Republicans Nowak, Frank John B.S. 9221 S. Damen Ave. Chicago, III. University Bands Nugent, Fred F. A.B. 753 Hamilton St. Harrison, N.J. Crew; Honor Council Nulty, James P. B.Arch. 2468 Sinclair N.E. Grand Rapids, Mich. Nunnery, Francis J. B.B.A. 7 Kenwood Rd. Garden City, N.Y. Junior Parent Weekend Exec. Coordinator; Met Club Pres. Ober, John L. Bro. A.B. Dujarie Hall Notre Dame, Ind. O ' Brien, Daniel John A.B. 2200 Coventry Rd. Cleveland Heights, Ohio Sailing Club Social Commission O ' Brien, Richard A. B.S. 4117 Gratiot Ave. Port Huron, Mich. Aesculapian Club Alpha Phi Omega Crew O ' Bryan, Charles Miles A.B. P.O. Box 218 St. Paul, Kan. O ' Connell, Michael D. A.B. 49 Highland Ave. Windsor, Conn. O ' Connor, Brian J. B.Arch. 4100 N. Plainfield Chicago, III. O ' Connor, Gerald J. B.S. 624 W. Allen Joliet, III. O ' Connor, Patrick J. L.L.B. 2153 Brighton St. Philadelphia, Pa. Gray ' s Inn Student Law Assoc. O ' Connor, Richard D. A.B. 827 Greenview PI. Lake Forest, III. Imnersonal Pronouns O ' Connor, Steven P. A.B. 110 E. Conant Portage, Wis. O ' Dea, Patrick John B.S. 3216 S. High School Indianapolis, Ind. Aesculapian Club Alpha Epsilon Delta O ' Driscoll, Michael B.S. 3611 S. Wakefield St. Arlington, Va. Ogiba, Edward F. B.B.A. 24 Stuart PI. Oceanside, N.Y. Management Club Student Manager O ' Keefe, Michael F. A.B. 185 La Canada Ct. Los Gates, Calif. I.S.O. Olden, Michael R. B.S. 2825 Woodmont Dr. South Bend, Ind. O ' Leary, Robert A. B.S. 119 W. Brownell Tomah, Wis. Neighborhood Study Help Program Olson, James J. L.L.B. 1326 So. Alice Siox City, Iowa Gray ' s Inn; Moot Court; Legal Aid and Defenders Society Olson, Joseph E. A.B. 827 Westover Terr. Whiteman A.F.B., Mo. Social Commission; 1965 Home- coming Executive Chairman Olson, Patrick J. A.B. 3411 S. Oak Park Ave. Berwyn, III. Bengal Bouts Promoter Knights of Columbus Santa Maria Editor O ' Meara, John M. A.B. 267 Harding Ave. Waukegan, III. L.U.N.A.; Farley Hall President Badin Hall Secretary O ' Meara, John N. A.B. 6101 W. Fletcher St. Chicago, III. O ' Neil, Hugh Dennis B.B.A. 2111 W. 69th Terr. Shawnee Mission, Kan. N.F.C.C.S.; Rugby; Track; Kansas City Club V.P. O ' Neill, Dennis Dale B.B.A. 419 E. Chapin St. Cadillac, Mich. O ' Neill, Edward T., Jr. A.B. 91 Allerton Rd. Milton, Mass. Hockey O ' Neill, Joseph I. B.B.A. 1600 Cuthbert Midland, Texas Finance Club; Skiing Team; Sailing Club; F.A.C. O ' Neill, Joseph J. A.B. 104 Otis St. Milton, Mass. Neighborhood Study Help Progr Pangborn Hall Sec. -Treas. O ' Neill, W. James, Jr. A.B. 340 Summer St. New Bedford, Mass. Dome; Posey ' s Fearsome Five; Neighborhood Study Help Progr O ' Reilly, James Emil B.S. 13420 Bennington Cleveland, Ohio A.C.S. O ' Reilly, Patrick J. B.B.A. 5425 Woodhurst Ft. Wayne, Ind. Orloff, Joseph Carl B.Arch. 1421 Pinecrest Ferndale, Mich. Orr, Thomas Simmler B.S. 805 Thompson St. Rockledge, Pa. A.S.M.E.; Rugby Overgaag, Richard H. B.B.A. 9338 Campo Rd. Spring Valley, Cal. Overly, Orbie R. B.Arch 7500 E. 108th St. Kansas City, Mo. J.E.C.; Com. Comm. A.R.O.T.C S.A.M.E. Pres. Overmann, John L. A.B. 7410 Fair Oaks Dr. Cincinnati. Ohio Basketball; Cincinnati Club Pres. Keenan Hall Sec. P Padambo, George H. B.S. c o Postmaster Balaka. Malawi Page. Alan Cedric A.B. Box 1616 East Canton, Ohio Football Pais, Thomas Florio A.B. 22506 Fiddlers Cove Rirmingham, Mich. Paladino, Richard P. B.B.A. 1711 N. Oregon El Paso, Tex. Palomo, Armando C. B.B.A. Edificio Palomo, San Salvador, El Salvador, C.A. Farley Hall Academic Comm. Palopoli, Patrick A. B.B.A. 259 Spruce St. No. Abinqton, Mass. Beta Alpha Psi; Arnold Air Society Palumbo, Patrick L. B.S. 489 Davis St. Sharon, Pa. A.S.M. Papantonio, Andre M. A.B. 12 Durst PI. Yonkers, N.Y. Blue Circle; L.U.N.A. CILA; Innsbruck; ADA Sec. Parent, Gerard T. B.S. 614 Linden Ave. Wilmette, III. Alpha Epsilon Delta Parker, Michael F. B.B.A. 4036 N. Butler Indianapolis, Ind. Wrestling Pascale, Gerard C. A.B. 1160 Delaware Dr. Somerville, N.J. Pasquarelli, Robert J. B.S. 5220 Gerry Dr. Pittsburgh, Pa. A.S.M. ' assalacqua, Jose R. B.B.A. 9 Caoba anturce, uerto Rico anAmerican Band ' aternostro, Victor J. B.B.A. 346 Lewandowski St. .yndhurst, N.J. : ootball; Marketing Club; Hall President ' atterson, Gerald W. A.B. 1011 S. Dunton Arlington Heights, III. " aul, Timothy Leroy B.S. 1129 2nd St., N.E. Massillon, Ohio ' avlak, John Joseph B.S. 201 N. Keeler Chicago, III. ' edersen, Raymond J. B.S. 17 N. 12th St. lew Hyde Park, N.Y. " ' eeters, Thomas J. B.S. 401 S. loka. It. Prospect, III. Bengal Bouts; Aesculapian Club; (Children ' s Hosp. Volunteer; Stallions Peper, William T. B.S. 1220 S. Lefevre Medical Lake, Wash. Track Perilli, Joseph M., Jr. A.B. 4900 N. Harlem Ave. Harwood Heights, III. Blue Circle; Honor Council; Sophomore Class President Perrault, George, III A.B. Route 1 Salem, Ohio Perry, James J. A.B. 9900 Memorial Dr. Houston, Tex. Neighborhood Study Help Program Pesavento, Lawrence A.B. 1845 Driving Park, Rd. Wheaton, III. Peter, Jerome P. B.B.A. 18 Pembroke Rd. Louisville, Ky. Peters, Donald F., Jr. B.A. 421 Birchwood Hinsdale, III. Hockey Peters, George E. B.B.A. Sunshine Star Rte. Kellogg, Idaho Kampus Keqlers; Marketing Club; Student Affairs Commission Peters, Robert Byrd A.B. 120 S. Lombard Ave. Lombard, III. Petraitis, Paul M. B.B.A. 1409 S. Vine Ave. Park Ridge, III. Pfahler, Timothy J. A.B. 3319 Talmadge Rd. Foledo, Ohio Pfeil, Edgar T. B.S. 153 N. Country Club Pheonix, Ariz. Phill, John S. A.B. 118 Breakspear Rd. Syracuse, N.Y. Dean ' s List; Academic Commission; Honor Council; Neighborhood Study Help Program Phillips, John S. A.B. 118 Breakspear Rd. Syracuse, N.Y. Pico, Juan Alberto B.B.A. 48 Aurora St., Box 1509 Ponce, Puerto Rico Pielsticker, James A.B. ?70 Columbine :iarendon Hill, III. ' ierce, Daniel M. A.B. b02 S.W. 7th St. Ft. Lauderdale, Fla. Bengal Bouts; F.A.C. ' ierce, Roger J. B.B.A. Elwil Rd., R.D. 4 :iay, N.Y. student Affairs Commission ' iper, James Joseph B.B.A. ?928 S. Winchester Chicago, III. Management Club Pirro, John Joseph, Jr. B.B.A. b811 Rosemont Dr. VIcLean, Va. 3olf ' itz, John Wendell B.S. 315 N. Prairie Batavia, III. Plebanek, Robert A. B.B.A. L0520 Kolmar 3aklawn, III. Plou, James M. B.S. 214 N. Grand Ave. Anaheim, Calif. A.S.E.; Bowling Pluta, Joseph E. A.B. Rt. 2, Kinst Rd. New Buffalo, Mich. Law Society Pochiro, Patrick R. L.L.B. 164 Renwick Dr. Youngstown, Ohio Gray ' s Inn; Student Law Association Polk, James Stanley A.B. 346 Poplar Ln. Way Decatur, Ga. Technical Review Ass ' t. Ed. Honor Council; Social Commission Chairman Pollock, William J. B.B.A. 316 Dehaan St. Portage, Mich. Management Club Sec. West Mich. Club Poltrack, David F. A.B. 22 Coolidge Ave. Stamford, Conn. Pomato, Nicholas J. B.S. 1651 Foster Ave. Schenectady, N.Y. Pope, James Michael B.S. 404 Greene Ave. Munhall, Pa. A.I.M.E.; A.S.M.; Society of Military; Engineers Poppleton, Donald G. B.B.A. 239 Long Rd. Pittsburgh, Pa. Potempa, Ronald J. B.S. 14 Glendale Rd. Colonia, N.J. Potenziani, Francis A.B. 1817 Sigma Chi Rd. Albuquerque, N. Mex. Aesculapians; YCS Potter, Donald V. A.B. 250 Franklin Rd. Glencoe, III. Blue Circle; Class Officer; 1967 Mardi Gras Chairman Potts, Herbert M. A.B. 822 Frances St. South Bend, Ind. Potvin, Donald J. A.B. 875 Main St. Worcester, Mass. Dean ' s List; Aesculapians Powell, John Adrian B.S. 903 N. Main St. Elkader, la. Aesculapians; Young Republicans Powers, Edward A. B.B.A. 501 E. High St. Ashley, Ohio Powers, John J., Jr. A.B. 1210 4th Ave. Savannah Beach, Ga. Powers, Thomas R. B.S. R.F.D. 1 St. Peter, Minn. Powers, William P. B.S. 74-1421 Ave. Flushing, N.Y. NFCCS; Radio Club Prish, William A. B.B.A. 193 Hickory Ave. Garwood, N.J. Dean ' s List Pryor, Howard L B.B.A. 3563 Forest Dr. Bethel Park, Pa. Przybysz, Richard A.B. 509 E. Irvington South Bend, Ind. Ptacek, George J. B.B.A. 1744 S. Mississippi River Drive Big Lake, Minn. Marketing Club; Sailing Club Purcell, James Ryan A.B. 36 Tompkins Rd. Scarsdale, N.Y. Rugby Purvin, Theodore V. B.S. 463 Loudon Rd. Riverside, III. Student Manager; Voice Wrestling I Quenan, James Peter B.S. 396 Hazelwood Terr. Rochester, N.Y. Quinn, Bruce C. B.S. 51 Pape Rd. New Britain, Conn. Quinn, James W. A.B. 236 Ashford Ave. Dobbs Ferry, N.Y. Law Society Quinn, William C. A.B. 1650 W. 87th St. Chicago, III. Junior Parent Weekend Quinones, Ivan M. B.S. 543 Elma Caparra Heights, Puerto Rico A.I.E.E.; Eta Kappa Nu; Tau Beta Pi R Radey, John Allan A.B. 211 Springland Ave. Michigan City, Ind. Innsbruck; Neighborhood Study Help Program; Voice Radosevich, John G. B.B.A. 10 Deerpath Rd. Palos Park, III. University Bands; Voice Ragen, William J. A.B. 1924 W. 102nd St. Chicago, III. Dean ' s List; Bengal Bouts; Innsbruck Ralyea, Michael F. B.B.A. 156 Fairbanks Kenmore, N.Y. Knights of Columbus Ramsey, James M. A.B. 619 Belle Vista Independence, Mo. Dean ' s List; Social Commission Raniere, John E. A.B. 840 N. Lorel Chicago, III. Ranken, Raymond F. B.S. 28 Greenridge Ave. Garden City, N.Y. Aesculapians; LUNA Rauch, Gerald F. A.B. 4029 Rita Marie Dr. Columbus, Ohio Canticle; CILA Raymo, James M. B.F.A. Univ Vill Box 562 Notre Dame, Ind. Reardon, Andrew F. A.B. 2869 Grandin Rd. Cincinnati, Ohio Glee Club Rechtsteiner, S. A. B.Arch. 2846 South Rd. Cincinnati, Ohio Redding, Brian J. B.A. 237 Lincoln Glenview, III. Hall Council; Marketing Club Reddy, Martin J. B.S. 16059 Birwood Birmingham, Mich. Reedy, John Canaday A.B. Com Car Div 5 FPO San Francisco, Calif. Cheerleading Regan, James E., Jr. B.A. 1001 Madison St. Oak Park, III. LUNA; Mock Convention; Young Democrats Regner, Thomas E. A.B. 1822 Washington Rd. Kenosha, Wis. Football Reidy, Robert E. A.B. 9427 S. Hoyne Chicago, III. Blue Circle; CILA Reifenberg, Jan P. A.B. 2436 Birchwood Ln. Wilmette, III. Reimers, Adrian J. B.S. Apart Post 14820 Mexico, 14 Df. Mex. Chess Club Pres. Reinhart, Terry M. B.A. 3614 Horner Washington, D.C. Reishman, Robert S. B.B.A. 4200 Staunton Ave. Charleston, W. Va. Reuther, Kenneth L. B.B.A. 922 Lamanche St. New Orleans, La. Bengal Bouts; Dixie Club, Pres. WSND Reynolds, Peter M. B.B.A. P.O. Box 550 Eutaw, Ala. Rhoads, Thomas P. A.B. 2021 Seymour Cincinnati, Ohio Football; Arts Letters Business Forum; Neighborhood Study Help Program Rhoden, John F. B.S. 1841 Ley St. Pittsburgh, Pa. Rice, Robert Aaron B.B.A. Kenema Rural Inst. Kenema, Sierra Leon. West Africa Rich, Michael R. A.B. 3260 Kernway Ct. Bloomfield Hills, Mich. Hall Council; Swimming Richards, David G. B.S. 901 Hibernian St. Birmingham, Ala. Richardson, George B.S. 2623 E. Colvin St. Syracuse, N.Y. Aesculapians; Hospital Volunteer; Lacrosse Ricossa, Philip J. B.S. 68263 S. Forest Richmond, Mich. Ridgley, William R. B.B.A. 2424 Crow Creek Dr. Dallas, Texas Posey ' s Fearsome Fivesome Rieck, Thomas Wayne B.B.A. 1502 Perry Des Plaines, III. Dean ' s List; Beta Alpha Psi Rieser, Gary R. B.S. 6926 Marquette Ave. St. Louis, Mo. Tennis Riley, Walter J. B.B.A. 1418 MacArthur Dr. Munster, Ind. LUNA; Junior Parent Weekend; Mock Convention; Neighbor- hood Study Help Program Rini, Martin C. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. Rink, Thomas C. B.B.A. 1549 24th St. Rock Island, III. Track Riser, David W. A.B. 3317 St. Michael Palo Alto, Calif. Track; Rugby; Sociology Club Rishell, Charles G. A.B. 1008 Ridge St. Olyphant, Pa. Voice Ristuccia, David L. A.B. 964 Brook Rd. Milton, Mass. Rivas, Willy B.B.A. Almacen Rivas Opt Apart Post No. 241 Managua, Nicaragua Rizzo, Bruno M. B.B.A. 4306 Taft Rd. Kenosha, Wis. University Bands Roberts, Robert J. B.B.A. Route 2 Punxsutawney, Pa. Rocca, Lawrence K. A.B. 117 S. Fernandez Arlington Heights, III. Roche, Paul C. B.B.A. RD 2 Corry, Pa. Roden, Vernon James B.S. 450 S. Second St. Hamilton, Ohio Alpha Epsilon Delta; NHSP Rodgers, William E. B.S. Marianna, Pa. Amateur Radio Club Pres.; Eta Kappa Nu; I.E.E.E. Roe, Clifford A. L.L.B. Box 592 Notre Dame, Ind. Notre Dame Lawyer Rogalski, G ordon A. B.B.A. 19736 Ruth Ave. South Bend, Ind. AIESEC; Marketing Club Rogers, Donald J. A.B. 1722 N. 75th Ct. Elmwood Pk., III. Dean ' s List; Freshman Advisor Rohde, Daniel A. A.B. 419 Pine Ln. Wood Dale, III. University Theatre; WSND Rohrer, Dallas Lee B.B.A. 705 Riverside Dr. South Bend, Ind. Romanek, Gerald W. B.S. 3581 W. Belden Chicago, III. Ronnau, John B. B.S. 6715 E. Seaside Wk. Long Beach, Calif. GRADUATES SENIOR INDEX Rose, Edward P. B.S. 9 Spoede Hills Dr. Creve Coeur, Mo. Chess Club; Student Manager Ross, Alan Harold A.B. 183 Proctor Blvd. Utica, N.Y. I.S.O.; WSND; Neighborhood Study Help Program Rothacker, Robert A. B.B.A. 917 Vermillion St. Gary, Ind. Rowland, Thomas J. -B.B.A. 123 Hunter Ave. Joliet, III. Knights of Columbus Rudy, Anthony C. A.B. 107 Boyd Ave. Solvay, N.Y. Dean ' s List; Neighborhood Study Help Program Ruethling, James F. B.B.A. 1330 Ashland Wilmette, III. Runkle, James C. A.B. 625 Indian Hill Deerfield, III. Rutherford, Richard B.S. 413 Crestwood Ct. Endwell, N.Y. Aesculapians; Alpha Epsilon Delta Rutter, Ralph F. B.S. Box 572 Hailey, Idaho Architecture Club; Ski Club Technical Review Ryan, Daniel John A.B. 149 Whistler Rd. Manhasset, N.Y. Ryan, Dennis J. B.B.A. 215 Hyah Ave. Yonkers, N.Y. Knights of Columbus Ryan, Patrick M. B.B.A. 148 Depew Ave. Buffalo, N.Y. Ryan, William J., II A.B. 260 Symphony Ln. Shreveport, La. Football Ryan, William John B.B.A. 239 Pembroke Ave. Waterbury, Conn. St. Joseph Hall V.P. Rybak, Daniel A. A.B. 143 N. Main Perry, N.Y. Sabol, Terrence J. A.B. 33666 Linden Dr. Solon, Ohio LUNA; Mock Convention; N.S.A. Saccheri, James L. A.B. 1220 E. American Fresno, Calif. Sack, Allen Leonard A.B. 938 Thornton Rd. Boothwyn, Pa. Football Sack, James John A.B. 411 Miami Bellefontaine, Ohio LUNA; Mock Convention; Neighborhood Study Help Program St. Clair, James W. A.B. 175 S. Harrison Ave. Aurora, III. St. Laurent, John A.B. 1528 W. Kinney Dr. Essexville, Mich. Sajbel, J. Richard B.S. 1131 E. Orman Ave. Pueblo, Colo. WSND Salmon, John F. B.B.A. 7226 S. Luella Ave. Chicago, III. Samaras, Thomas D. B.B.A. 97 West St. Randolph, Mass. Sambvani, Girdhari B.S. Piazza Aquilija 10 Milano, Italy Bengal Bouts Sampeck, Phillip A. B.S. 4831 S. Lindherst Dallas, Texas Sandweg, Gerald K. L.L.B. 2900 Arlmont Ave. St. Louis, Mo. Notre Dame Lawyer GRADUATES SENIOR INDEX Sanna, Thomas E. B.B.A; 19689 Dubois Ave. South Bend, Ind. Saracino, Hugh F. B.S. 54706 Winding Brk. Mishawaka, Ind. Sauer, Richard E. B.S. 2835 Regan Rd. Louisville, Ky. Track Sauer, Thomas G. A.B. 1402 E. Loretta Dr. Indianapolis, Ind. Innsbruck Savageau, David L. A.B. 3901 E. 7th Ave. Denver, Colo. Savaiano, Donald A. A.B. 403 N. Pioneer Dr. Addison, III. Confraternity of Christian Doctrine; Sociology Club Savard, Paul Ovilla A.B. 2533 Marian Ln. Wilmette, III. Arts Letters Business Forum; Fisher Hall Pres. Saville, Eric J., Jr. A.B. 742 Santa Barbara Claremont, Calif. Sawaya, George John B.B.A. 416 Sapphire Kemmerer, Wyo. Bengal Bouts; Knights of Columbus Sawyer, Olaseinde B.S. 4 Little Rd. Yaba, Lagos Nigeria I.S.O.; Blue Circle; Soccer; Neighborhood Study Help Program Sbertoli, Dennis K. B.B.A. 2340 Lincolnwood Evanston, III. Schaefer, Michael T. A.B. 805 E. Angela South Bend, Ind. Schaffer, James D. B.S. 200 Beatty Rd. Media, Pa. A.I.A.A. Scheer, Everett N. B.S. 520 Granada Ave. St. Joseph, Mich. Schelle, Brian Jon B.B.A. 1326 E. South South Bend, Ind. Schenkelberg, C. J. A.B. 2114 Elandon Dr. Cleveland, Ohio Scherpereel, L. R. B.S. R2 58210 Crumstown South Bend, Ind. Scheuble, Robert F. B.S. 3 Rock Ridge Rd. Larchmont, N.Y. Eta Kappa Nu; Jr. Class Treasurer; Voice Sports Editor Schickel, William J. A.B. 41 Ferguson Rd. Dryden, N.Y. CILA; Neighborhood Study Help Program; Wrestling Schinneer, David E. B.S. 2952 S. 5th Springfield, III. Schiralli, Angelo P. B.S. 700 Randolph Gary, Ind. Football; Boxing; LUNA; Monoaram Club Schlaver, Paul J. A.B. 400 S. I. Oka. Ave. Mount Prospect, III. General Chairman C.J.F.; University Bands Schleicher, Frank C. B.S. Apartado 889, Caracas, Venezuela Dome Photo Editor Knights of Columbus Schlies, Edward A. B.S. 510 Darrell Rd. Hillsborough, Calif. Schmid, Henry A. B.S. 38210 Circolo Mount Clemens, Mich. Schmitt, Robert A. A.B. 8240 Algon Ave. Philadelphia, Pa. Marketing Club Schmuhl, William J., Jr. L.L.B. 317 Euclid Ave. Michigan City, Ind. Schnurr, Frederick A.B. 26720 Bruce Rd. Bay Village, Ohio Football; Dean ' s List Schoen, John G., Jr. A.B. 7331 Beryl St. New Orleans, La. Dean ' s List; Academic Commission; Walsh Hall Life Committee; Honor Council; Innsbruck Schoenherr, Robert A.B. 201 S. Nottawa Sturgis, Mich. Schonfeld, Eugene P. A.B. 511 St. Vincent St. So. Bend, Ind. Schonfeld, Norton R. B.B.A. 6013 Kirby Rd. Bethesda, Md. Schottelkotte, William F. B.S. 512 W. Rahn Rd. Dayton, Ohio Sports Car Club Schrenk, Edward L. A.B. 313 E. Southey Ave. Altoona, Pa. Schroeder, Michael A.B. 1111 Stockbridge Iron Mountain, Mich. Aesculapians; Mock Convention; Ski Club Schueppert, Thomas B.S. 552 Riverway Menasha, Wis. Aesculapians; CILA Schwaba, Joseph F. A.B. 6060 N. Kirkwood Ave. Chicago, III. Track Schwartz, James E. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. Schwartz, John A. A.B. 195 Crandon Roc hester, N.Y. Bridge Club Schwarz, Robert L. B.S. 1011 W. 17th St. Davenport, Iowa Schweitzer, A.L. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. Schweitzer, Daniel B.S. 2730 W. Layton Ave. Milwaukee, Wis. I.E.E.E. Seaman, Daniel E. A.B. 104 Telegraph Rd. Middleport, N.Y. Seddon, John Thomas A.B. 3950 Blackstone Bronx, N.Y. University Bands; Choir Seibert, Michael W.BF.A. Earich Rd. Athens, Ohio Juggler; Leprechaun; Scholastic Seller, Paul Herman B.B.A. R.R. 1, Box 52 Algona, Iowa Football Selander, Lawrence B.S. 916 W. Agatite Chicago, III. Semanik, Edward J. B.S. 20331 S. Lake Shore Euclid, Ohio I.E.E.E. Semyck, Roger W. A.B. 6547 Tahoma Ave. Chicago, III. Seng, Michael P. L.L.B. Lost Nation, Iowa Gray ' s Inn Notre Dame Lawyer Sevier, Robert B. A.B. 800 Fair Ave. Lawrenceburg, Tenn. Bridge Club; Bowling; Glee Club Sec. Shaffer, Charles E. A B. 85 Chapel St. Seneca Falls, N.Y. Lacrosse Shaffer, Dale L., Jr. A.B. R.R. 1, Davton Rd. Sprinafield, Ohio Bengal Bouts; WSND Shaughnessy, Daniel A.B. 115 Green St. Herkimer, N.Y. Sailing Club; Voice Shaughnessy, Richard J. A.B. 5028 Parkvue Dr. Pittsburgh, Pa. Shaw, Patrick B. ArB. 1381 East 26th St. Tulsa, Okla. Dean ' s List; Blue Circle; Junior Class Sec. Shaw, William J. B.B.A. 139 N. Abingdon St. Arlington, Va. Shay, Michael E. A.B. 3729 Woodvale Rd. Birmingham, Ala. Young Democrats Shean, Timothy J. B.S. 125 Dewittshire Rd. Dewitt, N.Y. Honor Council; Soccer Sheffy, Thomas B. B.S. R.R. 2 Luxemburg, Wis. Shem, Raymond W., Jr. B.B.A. 902 S. Court St. Crown Point, Ind. Shepherd, Richard C. B.B.A. 607 S. Saylor Ave. Elmhurst, III. Marketing Club; Track Sheridan, James P. B.B.A. 171 Main St. Montpelier, Vt. Shoemaker, William B.B.A. 1527 Hampton Rd. Charleston, W. Va. Short, Terrance J. B. Arch. 2488 W. 65th St. Gary, Ind. 1966 Mardi Gras, Executive Chairman Shoub, Edward C. B.S. 1465 Brooklyn Ave. Brooklyn, N.Y. Shumaker, Edward J. A.B. 75 Lothrop Rd. Grosse Pointe, Mich. Hockey; Sailing Sibley, John Joseph A.B. 387 Oakland Ave. Staten Island, N.Y. Academic Commissioner; Law Society; Young Republicans Siegler, C. J. A.B. Knollwood Rd. Elmsford, N.Y. Golf; Sociology Club; Swimming Sillup, John A., Jr. B.B.A. 2411 Summit Ter. Linden, N.J. New Jersey Club Treas. Sim, Stephen Murray A.B. 1615 Tollgate Rd., Rt. 3, Box 214 Bel Air, Md. Simna, John Edward B.B.A. 4673 S. Hills Dr. Cleveland, Ohio CJF; WSND-FM Sizer, Charles Leo B.B.A. Amateur Radio Club V.P. 33 Tulip St. Cranford, N.J. Slade, James Joseph B.B.A. 833 No. Huey South Bend, Ind. Slatt, Philip M. B.S. E. 515 Ermina Spokane, Wash. Slaustas, Norman J. B.B.A. 1506 Balmoral Ave. Westchester, III. Dean ' s List; A.I.E.S.E.C.; Hockey Club Slawson, Richard W. A.B. 1341 4 Ave. S. E. Rochester, Minn. Small, Keith L A.B. 4749 Mafhit Ave. St. Louis, Mo. Track; Omega Psi Phi Smith, Christopher B. A.B. 179-05 Croydon Rd. Jamaica, N.Y. Smith, George F. A.B. 13 Outer Ladue Dr. St. Louis, Mo. Smith, Joseph F., Jr. B.S. Hopatcong Ave. Mt. Arlington, N.J. Pi Tau Sigma; NROTC Council Sec. Smith, Joseph S. B.B.A. R.R. 2 Assumption, III. AFROTC Drill Team Commander; Knights of Columbus Smith, Joseph V., Jr. B.B.A. Chestnut Ln. MD 16 Newburgh, N.Y. Golf Smith, Mark Edward A.B. 1318 N. Walnut Danville, III. Alpha Phi Omega; Neighborhood Study Help Program Smith, Michael E. B. Arch. 307 S. Happy Hollow Blvd. Omaha, Nebr. A.I.A. Smith, Michael J. LL.B. 2474 Davidson Ave. Bronx, N.Y. Smith, Patrick J. A.B. Stark, Kan. Smith, Richard W., Bro. A.B. Dujarie Hall Notre Dame, Ind. Smith, Thomas W., C.S.C. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. Smolak, Michael A. B.S. 108 Hawthorne Ave. Yonkers, N.Y. Wrestling Smyth, Brian Joseph B.S. R.R. 2 Wild Cherry Crystal Lake, III. Smyth, Joseph A. A.B. 211 E. Freedley St. Norristown, Pa. Football; LUNA Snider, Douglas S. B. Arch. 2500 Argonne Ave. Medford, Ore. Architecture Snider, Richard C. A.B. 12 Barnes Lane Garden City, N.Y. LUNA; University Theater Snyder, Jeremy E. B.S. 228 N. County Line Hinsdale, III. Geology Club V.P.; Freshman Advisor Snyder, Michael S. B.B.A. 52 849 U.S. 31 North South Bend, Ind. Socha, Kenneth M. A.B. 12 Kendall Rd. E. Brunswick, N.J. Voice; Scholastic Business Manager; Bengal Bouts Sol, Ernesto A., Jr. B.S. 5A Calle Poniente No. 3707 Colonia Escalon San Salvador, El Salvador, C.A. Dome; I.S.O. Vice President, Sec., Treas.; Scholastic; A.S.M.E.; J.E.C. Solon, Michael W. B.B.A. 2637 Thurmont Rd. Akron, Ohio Soucy, Thomas E. B.S. 8525 W. Main Belleville, III. Aesculapians; Knights of Columbus Spear, Robert J. A.B. 5223 Carpenter Downers Grove, III. Innsbruck Speth, Walter L. A.B. 93 Greenvale Ave. Yonkers, N.Y. Neighborhood Study Help Program; Rugby Arnold Air Society Spiro, Harold J. A.B. 1322 W. Mentor St. Philadelphia, Pa. Monogram Club; Young Republicans; Track; Cross Country Springer, Denis E. B.S. 1414 Medora St. South Bend, Ind. Eta Kappa Nu; I.E.E.E. Sprang, Charles J. B.B.A. Lake Road Sodus, N.Y. Stahl, Charles E. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. Stahlschmidt, Ronald W. B.B.A. 10143 Stonell Dr. Affton, Mo. Staid, Paul Stephen B.S. 7570 Richards Dr. Baton Rouge, La. Stallings, William W. B.S. 1106 Lindsay Rd. Carnegie, Pa. Eta Kappa Nu; I.E.E.E.; Debate Stanitz, Jacques A.B. 1229 Woodview Dr. Vermilion, Ohio Innsbruck; Arnold Air Society Stanton, Gerald V. B.S. 11144 S. Maplewood Chicago, III. Staszak, William C. A.B. 3616 S. Cuyler Berwyn, III. Howard Hall Pres.; Scholastic; University Bands; Dean ' s List; Student Government Academic Coordinator Steele, Michael R. A.B. 311 33rd Street Apt. 2 Virginia Beach, Va. Dean ' s List; Juggler Stehmer, Leslie J. A.B. 531 E. Lincoln Ave. Mt. Vernon, N.Y. Stein, Anthony J. B.S. 33-34 Crescent St. Long Island City, N.Y. A.I.C.E.; WSND Stelzer, John J. B.B.A. 10005 Howe Dr. Leawood, Kan. Finance Club; Rugby; Ski Club Stenger, Philip M. B.B.A. 970 Pilgrim Birmingham, Mich. Dean ' s List; Beta Alpha Psi; Detroit Club Treas. Stevens, Donald J., C.S.C. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. Stevenson, Chas. E. A.B. 929 Dennis Ave. Monessen, Pa. Stevenson, Ralph W. B.B.A. 2052 Guildford Park Dr. Seaford, N.Y. Stewart, Robert W. A.B. 1292 E. 34th St. Brooklyn, N.Y. Steepler, Thomas M. B.B.A. 20504 Charlton Sq. Southfield, Mich. Stokes, Michael D. A.B. 2715 W. 107th St. Chicago, III. Storch, Stephen N. B.S. 220 Maple Dr. Columbus, Ohio Physics Club Stork, Philip C. A.B. 5664 Broadway Ter. Oakland, Calif. Stout, Richard Bro. A.B. Holy Cross House Notre Dame, Ind. Strachan, Thomas W. B.B.A. 17 Alden Ter. Little Silver, N.J. Strack, Richard C. B.B.A. 1523 N. Elderberry Ontario, Calif. Marketing Club; Swimming Stransky, Theodore A.B. 1949 Linn Dr. Owatonna, Minn. Blue Circle; CILA; Dome; Dean ' s List Strauss, James J. B.B.A. 2251 Fair Oaks Rd. Decatur, Ga. Strojny, Bernard M. A.B. 94 Morningside Ave. Yonkers, N.Y. LUNA Stuart, Edward F. B.S. 697 W. Main St. Cheshire, Conn. Hall Council; Neighborhood Stud Help Program; Stallions Struck, William H. B.B.A. 820 Devonshire Rd. Dayton, Ohio Posey ' s Fearsome Five; Voice; WSND Sturm, Gregory W. B.B.A. 1313 Wilson St. Jasper, Ind. Sturtevant, Philip A.B. 233 Linden Rd. Barrington, III. Sugnet, William R. B.S. 1720 Amherst Buffalo, N.Y. Stallions Sullivan, Francis P. B.S. 104 Kings Point Dr. Glenshaw, Pa. Amateur Radio Club; Engineerint Science Club Sullivan, John F. B.B.A. 1623 S. Trenton Tulsa, Okla. Sullivan, Louis J. A.B. 4026 N. Warner Rd. Lafayette Hill, Pa. LUNA; Mock Convention Sullivan, Maurice H. A.B. 76 Antwerp St. Brighton, Mass. Dean ' s List; New England Club Pres.; Scholastic; Pi Sigma Alph, Sullivan, Norman C. A.B. 709 W. Willow Stockton, Calif. Neighborhood Study Help Progra Sullivan, Robert J. B.B.A. 2118 E. 29th St. Tulsa, Okla. Commerce Forum; Finance Club; Sailing Team; Honor Council Sullivan, Thomas J. LL.B. 211 Bristol, N.W. Grand Rapids, Mich. Sullivan, Thomas R. A.B. 7810 Orion Ln. Cupertino, Calif. Juggler; Scholastic Sullivan, William J. B.S. 310 Gibbons Rd. Springfield, Pa. Summers, Bruce J. A.B. 6346 N. Legett Chicago, III. Sutliff, Randolph A. B.B.A. 304 DeSota Dr. Richmond, Va. Student Manager Swatland, Richard T. B.B.A. 42 Hirsch Rd. Stamford, Conn. Football; Monogram Club Sweeney, John R. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. Swinton, Paul V. A.B. 27 Amherst Rd. Valley Stream, N.Y. Impersonal Pronouns; Leprechaun; LUNA; Freshman Advisor Swirtz, Arthur C. LL.B. 1001 E. Atherton Rd. Flint, Mich. Switzer, Thomas A. A.B. 36 Brentmoor St. Louis, Mo. Amateur Radio Club; Ski Club; Business Forum Swoyer, Harry S., Jr. B.B.A. 3460 Ridgewood Dr. Pittsburgh, Pa. Sailing Club Szczepanski, Jessie B. B.B.A. 5600 S. Kilbourn Ave. Chicago, III. Student Manager Talerico, Victor A. A.B. J 3824 Washington Ave. Des Moines, la. Tamayo, Diego B.B.A. 5409 Cedar Ln. Bethesda. Md. Soccer; Stallions Tarkington, Marcus M. A.B. Highland Farm Rd. Greenwich, Conn. Taylor, Russell W., C.S.C. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. Tencza, Thomas J. B.B.A 7440 Indiana Dearborn, Mich. Baseball; Hockey Teske, Anthony John A.B., B.S. 3401 Wagon Wheel Rd. Boise, Idaho Thelen, Thomas S. B.B A. 7010 Fifth Ave. Kenosha, Wis. Marketing Club; Ski Club; Sports Car Club Thibodeau, Paul E. A.B. 735 High St. Cumberland, R.I. Thiel, Michael F. B.S. 4320 Garrison St. Washington, D.C. A.S.M.E. Chairman; Sailing Club; Soccer; Wash.-Md.-Va. Club Sec. Thielen, Frederick J. A.B. 1809 80th St. Kenosha, Wis. Thomas, Robert J. A.B. Scholastic; WSND; Mardi Gras U.S. Rubber Overseas 54 Rue Des Acacias Geneva, Switzerland Scholastic; WSND; Mardi Gras Thompson, James W. B.B.A. 8610 Pacific Omaha, Neb. Thornton, James J. A.B. 1602 Crestview Dr. New Albany, Ind. Dillon Hall Pres.; Kentucky Club- Sec.; LUNA Thornton, Peter P. A.B. 419 S. 26th St. South Bend, Ind. Thornton, Thomas J. A.B. 30 Summit Dr. Manhasset, N.Y. Thorp, Michael A. B.S. 438 University Ave. Louisville, Ky. A.S.C.E.; Golf; Kentucky Club Sec. Thurber, Thomas E. B. Arch. 14815 Duck Creek Rd. Salem, Ohio Tierney, Peter W. A.B. 1 Shady Ln. Chappaqua, N.Y. Blue Circle; CILA; Meathead; Honor Council Timmins, Thomas P. A.B. 215 South 9th Estherville, la. Blue Circle; Impersonal Pronouns; Wranglers; Innsbruck Tishken, Dennis P. A.B. 6682 Woodbank Birmingham, Mich. I.S.O.; Hospital Volunteers Tobin, Michael E. A.B. 317 S. Harvey Oak Park, III. CILA Tobin, Paul Gordon, II A.B. 1182 Cedar Ave. Elgin, III. Toland, John Joseph A.B. 19 Aldwyn Ln. Villanova, Pa. Neighborhood Study Help Program; Rugby Sec. Tomichek, Richard C. B.S. 4136 Surrey Dr. Allison Park, Pa. Toms, William B. B.S. 646 Clinton Ave. Haddonfield, N.J. Alpha Epsilon Delta; CILA; Lacrosse; Aesculapians; Blue Circle; Committee on Negro Enrollment Toner, James F. A.B. 41 Randall Ln. Portsmouth, R.I. Topolski, Patrick J. B.B.A. 507 W. Barker Ave. Michigan City, Ind. Baseball Topper, Henry C. A.B. 811 Texas Ave. York, Pa. Blue Circle; CILA; Innsbruck; Dean ' s List Totti, Etienne, III B.B.A. 1306 Lucchetti Santurce, Puerto Rico Bengal Bouts; WSND; Nu Epsilon Beta; Bowling Toy, Michael L A.B. 7 E. 14th St. New York, N.Y. Tracey, Dennis A. B.B A. 17578 Ramsgate Lathrup Village, Mich. Finance Club Traynor, Andrew B. A.B. 6936 Bennett Chicago, III. Trebat, Thomas J. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. Trevino, Jesus, Jr. A.B. 812 Farragut St. Laredo, Texas Trombetta, Michael A.B. 789 Northwest 12 Ave. Dania, Fla. Troy, Richard V. A.B. 490 Harding Dr. So. Orange, N.J. Truman, James W. B.S. 1437 Onondago Ave. Akron, Ohio Tschetter, John H. A.B. 2055 Topsfield Rd. South Bend, Ind. Innsbruck; Fencing Tutko, Daniel T. A.B. 607 Wisconsin Ave. Streator, III. Bengal Bouts Sec. Twomey, Michael J. B.S. 7737 Kentwood Los Angeles, Cal. U Uhrin, David C. A.B. 510 Church St. Mt. Pleasant, Pa. Geology Club Uribe, Agustin B.S. Co Coltejer Medellin, Colombia V Valdes, Alfonso E. B.B.A. Box 2743 San Juan, Puerto Rico I.S.O. Vales, Joseph John B.B.A. 19 Redfield St. Rye, N.Y. Dean ' s List; Baseball; Basketball; Knights of Columbus; A.I.E.S.E.C.; Finance Club Vanderheiden, Paul A. A.B. 907 Ridge Ln. Appleton, Wis. Rifle Team; S.A.M.E.; Fencing Van Osdol, John A. A.B. 521 N. Harrison Warsaw, Ind. Vazquez, Robert A. B.S. 120 Statesir PI. Red Bank, N.J. AFROTC Drill Team; Arnold Air Society Veil, Richard C. A.B. 109 Pine St. Garden City, N.Y. I.S.O.; Voice Assoc. Editor; Innsbruck Velleco, James A. B.Arch. 28 Grantland Rd. Cranston, R.I. A.I.A.; Architecture Club Venerus, Joseph C. B.S. 195 Grove St. Woodbridge, N.J. Fencing Veno, William R., Jr. B.S. 348 Commonwealth Attleboro Falls, Mass. I.E.E.E.; Lacrosse; Freshman Advisor Vergara, Charles J. A.B. 12 D Putnam Green Greenwich, Conn. Vernetti, James G. A.B. 4901 H merest Dr. Waco, Texas Neighborhood Study Help Program; Fr. Lange ' s Gym Verterano, Frank G. LL.B. P.O. Box 211 Hillsville, Pa. Vignola, Rocco A.B. 1810 Hutchinson River Pkwy. New York, N.Y. Hall Council Vogel, Stephen L B.S. 433 Garden Rd. Columbus, Ohio Voice Volini, Thomas A. A.B. 1456 Oak Evanston, III. Juggler Vonesh, James F. B.S. 401 N. Park Rd. La Grange Pk., III. Vuyosevich, John A. B.B.A. 32 Mountain View Rd. Chatham, N.J. Track Wagner, Thomas W. A.B. 896 Kent Elmhurst, III. Wagner, Timothy J. B.B.A. 1728 Lattimer Dr. Columbus, Ohio Wrestling Walker, John A. B.S. 711 Longleaf Shreveport, La. Walker, William F. A.B. 1040 Grand Ave. Aurora, III. Walsh, Charles M. B.B.A. 820 St. George St. E. Liverpool, Ohio Walsh, David E. A.B. 7475 Holliday Dr., E. Indianapolis, Ind. Social Commissioner Walsh, Francis M. B.S. 301 E. Pokagon South Bend, Ind. Walsh, John P., Jr. B.S. Sackett St. Westfield, Mass. Walsh, Robert J. A.B. 1 Lindley, Apt. 9 Tenafly, N.J. CILA; Track; Cross Country Walsh, William R. A.B. 1227 Arquilla Ln. Flossmoor, III. Chicago Club Pres. Walthers, Bruce J., Jr. B. Arch. 4749 N. Diversey Milwaukee, Wis. Leprechaun; Student Manager Warner, John C. B.B.A. 8805 Fair Rd. Strongsville, Ohio University B ands Wasinger, Stephen F. A.B. 1320 Marshall Rd. Hays, Kan. Blue Circle; Innsbruck Watson, James S. B.B.A. 106 Cutlery Ave. Meriden, Conn. Waugh, Richard M. A.B. 5972 Kerth Rd. St. Louis, Mo. Stallions Weatherhead, John P. A.B. 2886 Litchfield Rd. Shaker Heights, Ohio Weigle, David W. B.B.A. 253 W. Godfrey Ave. Philadelphia, Pa. Finance Club Weis, Michael T. B.B.A. 1007 Raible Ave. Anderson, Ind. Athletic Commission Welch, Michael E. A.B. 1174 Ridge Rd. East Rochester, N.Y. Welch, Raymond J. A.B. 1207 E. Forrest Ave. Wheaton, III. Welsh, Thomas J. B.S. 220 Zane Ave. Philadelphia, Pa. I.E.E.E.; Baseball Wendeln, Kenneth E. B.S. 5001 Christopher Ln. Fort Wayne, Ind. I.E.E.E.; University Bands Wengierski, Timothy B.B.A. 42 Ashland Ave. River Forest, III. Football Weniger, Frederick C. B.S. 108 Franklin Ave. Pittsburgh, Pa. Aesculapians; Sports Car Club Wenstrup, Joseph E. A.B. 3123 Portsmouth Cincinnati, Ohio Werner, John F., Jr. B.B.A. 348 W. Caminoreal Arcadia, Calif. Management Club; Soccer Werner, Robert J. B.B.A. 7201 Apache Rd. Little Rock, Ark. Dean ' s List; Blue Circle; Finance Club; Scholastic; Delta Gamma Sigma Werner, Stephen C. B.S. 1934 Regent St. Madison, Wis. Baseball; Neighborhood Study Help Program; Hall President; Freshman Advisor White, David George A.B. 1125 W. Heather Ln. Milwaukee, Wis. White, William P. A.B. 61 Star Lake Dr. Warrington, Fla. Stallions Widdifield, Alvie G. B. Arch. 1217 Cessna Dr. El Paso, Texas A.I.A.; Track Wieland, Richard M. B.S. 10542 Leolang Ave. Sunland, Calif. Junior Parent Weekend; Physics Club; Academic Commissioner Wigand, Frederick J. A.B. Black Point Farm Portsmouth, R.I. Boxing; Crew Wilberding, Frank D. A.B. 29 Fair Acres Grosse Pte. Farms, Mich. Wilk, Edmund J., Jr. B.S. 48 Highland Ave. Adams, Mass. Wilks, Robert C. B. Arch. 23527 Belmont Dr. Westlake, Ohio Hockey Willard, William R. A.B. 1124 Bellevue Dr. Gadsden, Ala. Crew; Sailing Club; Mock Convention Willems, Cletiis R. A.B. 2526 80th PI. Kenosha, Wis. Monogram Club; Law Society; Wrestling; Sociology Club Williams, Frank B. B.B.A. 31 First St. Saratoga Springs, N.Y. Neighborhood Study Help Program; Knights of Columbus Williams, George A. B.S. 48 Pine PI. Harrington Pk, N.J. University Bands Williams, George P. B.B.A. 735 Riford Rd. Glen Ellyn, III. Williams, Philip J. B.B.A. 284 Woodside Cir. Bridgeport, Conn. Wilson, John Clancy B.B.A. 6245 E. University Dallas, Texas Alpha Phi Omega Wines, August J. A.B. 223 Stevens Ave. Hawthorne, N.Y. Hall President GRADUATES SENIOR INDEX Wingenfeld, Robert A.B. 13322 Cranwood Dr. Garfield Hgts., Ohio Wingerter, John R. LL.B. 309 Maryland Ave. Erie, Pa. Gray ' s Inn; Public Defender Winkler, David M. B.S. 407 Pershing Dr. Silver Spring, Md. Wirth, John Jerald B.S. 826 Falcon St. South Bend, Ind. Wiser, James Louis A.B. 19355 Forrer Detroit, Mich. Innsbruck; Academic Commissioner Witanowski, E. S., Jr. B.S. 116 Weeks Rd. E. Williston, N.Y. Woessner, Donald S. B.S. 520 N. County Line St. Fostoria, Ohio Toledo Club Treas. Wolfard, Dennis J. B.B.A. 5875 N. New Jersey Indianapolis, Ind. Sailing Club Wolsky, Thomas A. A.B. Bedford Rd. Greenwich, Conn. Woo, Glen Frank B.B.A. 4409 Puu Panini Ave. Honolulu, Hawaii Lacrosse Woods, Leonard T. B.B.A. 4205 Montieth Dr. Los Angeles, Calif. Wukovits, John F. A.B. 2685 Trenton Dr. Trenton, Mich. Wulle, Gregory V. A.B. 2309 Club Dr. South Bend, Ind. Y Yates, Jacques F. A.B. 306 Cynthia PI. Memphis, Tenn. Boxing; Neighborhood Study Help Program; Student Senate Young, Gerald J. A.B. 1440 Grayton Grosse Pointe, Mich. LUNA; Mock Convention Young, Jack Harold B.S. 808 N. 18 Kelso, Wash. Dean ' s List Yurasek, Patrick C. A.B. 1022 Mill St. Quakertown, Pa. 2. Zahn, Thomas R. A.B. 1751 Byron Huntington, Ind. Glee Club; Knights of Columbus Zeller, Arthur P. B.B.A. 2315 Union St. Allentown, Pa. University Bands Zenner, John J. A.B. 6904 Park Ave. Richmond, Va. Football Zickes, Robert M. A.B. 4001 W. Ridgewood Dr. Parma, Ohio WSND News Director; AFROTC Education Officer Zimmermann, John T. B.B.A. 2210 McClellan St. E. Meadow, N.Y. Neighborhood Study Help Program; B.O.M. Club Zoglio, Anthony J. B.S. 7 Laurel St. Arlington, Mass. A.I.Ch.E. Zola, Martin Leon A.B. 323 Pansy St. Johnston, Pa. Bengal Bouts Zolnowski, Raymond M. B.S. 172 West 32 St. Bayonne, N.J. Voice; Baseball Zone, John Joseph B.S. 200 W. Naples St. Wayland, N.Y. Aesculapians; Stallions Zurowski, David M. B.B.A. 6843 Kerby Dr. Oxon Hill, Md. Football Zych, Edward A., C.S.C. A.B. Moreau Seminary Notre Dame, Ind. CILA CREDITS AND COLOPHON I o the many who worked on volume 58 of the Notre Dame Dome, I offer an out of character, but genuinely humble thank you. Special credit goes to my three senior editors Tom Malone, associate editor, Bill Coco, assistant editor, and Neil Bowen, photography editor, all of whom devoted an incredible amount of time, effort and ideas to the book, and were instrumental in its execution. As associate editor, Tom Malone, besides sharing responsibility for the production of the book, oversaw the copy and gave close attention to its tech- nical and stylistic qualities. He also wrote the admin- istration essays, and the epilogue story. Assistant editor, Bill Coco, was also fundamental in the production of the book, and by directing layout patterns, gave the Dome structural and aesthetic unity. His many ideas and suggestions contributed greatly to the creative qualities of the Dome. Under Neil Bowen, photography continued to be a cornerstone of the book ' s quality. Besides co-ordinating the efforts of a staff of twelve, Neil was responsible for the technical and creative quality of the book ' s photos. He also took over half of the color pictures in the Dome. My gratitude to the section editors Mike Frazier, Academics, Kevin Flynn, Organizations, Dave Heskin, Student Life, Joe Stein and Bill Thieman, Athletics, and Jim O ' Neil, Graduates all of whom played key roles in the production of the Dome. Also, I wish the best of luck to Dave Heskin, editor of the 1968 Dome. Throughout the year, many students contributed essays and articles for publication in the Dome: my thanks to Babs Gibson, for her articles on St. Mary ' s and social life, Jamie McKenna for his essay on hall life, Ned Buchbinder for the essay on religion, Dan Murray for writing about stay hall, Tom Fitzharris for his essay on the arts festival, Paul Schlaver for the jazz festival, Geof Bartz on IPP, Steve Schultz for science copy, Jim Mooney for the introduction to the engineer- ing section, John Burtis on ROTC, Jack Bevz, Julian Bills and Jim Liebherr for their assistance with the academics copy, Mike Karwoski for his copy on CILA, NSHP, and the political clubs, and Dudley Andrew for his essay on the university theatre. My appreciation to Dome photographers Ernesto Sol, Ted Stransky, Charles LaFrance, Tim Ford, Rick Jiloty, Mike Ford, Bob Cuccias, Dave Wilburn, Jerry Murphy, Bert Feliss, Jim Druckenbrod, Tom Cousino, Jim Canes- taro and Keith Harkins who along with photo editor Neil Bowen took, developed, contacted and printed most of the pictures in the book. The production of a book as large as the Dome re- quires the aid of many assistants, without whom the publication would barely have emerged, if at all: thank you to Bill Anderson, John Dempsey, Al Lutz, George Stevens, Vic Jagmin, Pat Wilson, Mike Otto, Gordon Whirry, Ray Maddalone, Bill Larson, Tom Vogelwede, Al Knappenberger, Vince Sherry, Frank Moye, Gary Greve, Jim Kieffer, Jim Chandler, Gerry Laughlin, and Doug Cairns. I ' m also grateful to Dome adviser, Rev. Charles I. McCarragher, C.S.C., and Mrs. Gladyse Cunningham, business manager, for their unfailing assistance. And finally, to Fr. Hesburgh and the other adminis- trators for sharing their time with the Dome editors, Fr. Harvey and the University Theatre, Jim Fish, Mr. O ' Malley, Dave Poltrack, Bill Staszak, and Chris Mur- phy, Fr. Putz, John Thurin of the Alumnus and Insight magazines, the office of public information, the Notre Dame Foundation, Whit and Pat, Mr. Corbaci and the office of academic affairs, and all who encouraged or mocked this endeavor. The 1967 Dome, volume 58, was printed by the off- set lithography process on 352 pages of Velvo 80 pound paper by the Foote and Davies Co., in Atlanta, Georgia. The cover design was conceived by the editors, and executed by the S. K. Smith Co. in Chicago. The senior portraits were taken by Delma Studios in New York. All of the black and white photography and all of the color with the exception of the pictures on pages 15 and 349 were taken by Notre Dame students. The two pic- tures singled out were taken by university photographer, Bruce Harlan on a cold winter night. The body copy is 10 12 News Gothic with captions in 8 8 News Gothic. Divisionals are 12 14 News Gothic. The label heads are 12 pt. Gothic, and the title heads are 48 and 18 pt. Univers. There is also some 8 10 Gothic in the faculty sections, and 8 8 Bodoni Book in Graduates. Rod Julian R.I. P. John Cunningham Peg Boland Lt. Lawrence A. Dirnberger Dean Norman R. Gay Stephen H. Ronay James J. Ryan, C.S.C. Rev. Edward F. Siegman, C.P.P.S. Allen S. Smith 341 GENERAL INDEX ACADEMICS 16-95 Administration 20-31 Armstrong, James E 28-29 Frick, James W 28-29 Hesburgh, T. M., C.S.C. . . .20-21 Hoffman, Joseph, C.S.C. . .30-31 Joyce, E. P., C.S.C 22-23 McCarragher, C. I., C.S.C.. .25-26 O ' Neil, D. J., C.S.C 26 Shuster, George N 22-23 Simons, J. B., C.S.C 30-31 Stewart, Thomas E 25 Walsh, John E., C.S.C 24-25 Wendel, Paul G., C.S.C. . . .28-29 Wilson, J. J., C.S.C 28-29 Wilson, Bro. R., C.S.C 24-25 Angers 92-93 Armstrong, James E 28-29 Arts and Letters 32-47 Departments 34-41 Dean, C. E. Sheedy, C.S.C.. .32-33 Faculty 42-47 Beichner, Paul, C.S.C 79 Bella, Salvatore 65 Business Dean, T. T. Murphy 58-59 Departments 60-63 Faculty 64-65 Brinkley, George 42 Brown, Frank N 56 Burke, William M 85 Burrell, David C., C.S.C 47 Carberry, James 57 Center for Continuing Education 90-91 Dean, Thomas P. Bergin 90 Crane, Edgar 65 Crossen, Frederick 47 Cullity, Bernard 57 Dunne, John, C.S.C 44 Derwent, John 74 Engineering 48-57 Dean, Harry C. Saxe 48-49 Departments 50-55 Faculty 56-57 Evans, Joseph 45 Eliel, Ernest 75 Fitzsimons, Matthew 44 Featherstone, Kenneth 56 Foreign Studies 92-95 Angers 92-93 Innsbruck 94-95 Freeman, Jeremiah 77 Freshman Year 84-85 Dean, William M. Burke 85 Frick, James W 28-29 Giannone, Richard 47 Graduate School 79-81 Dean, Paul Beichner, C.S.C.. . 79 Hassenger, Robert 43 Hesburgh, Theodore M., C.S.C 20-21 Hoffman, Joseph, C.S.C 30-31 Hofman, Emil T 76 Houck, John 64 Innsbruck 94-95 Johnson, Walter 74 Joyce, Edmund P., C.S.C 22-23 Langford, Walter 46 Law School 82-83 Lazenby, Francis 45 Library 88-89 Leader, Robert 42 Lorch, Thomas 46 Mead, Darwin 77 Milonadis, Constantin 46 McCarragher, Charles I., C.S.C 25-26 McKenzie, John, S.J 81 Nicolaides, John 56 Niemeyer, Gerhart 44 O ' Malley, Frank 45 O ' Meara, 0. Timothy 75 O ' Neil, Daniel J., C.S.C 26 Powell, Raymond M 64 Pollard, Morris 75 Rossini, Frederick D 66-67 ROTC 86-87 Santos, John 42 Saxe, Harry C 49 Science 66-77 Dean, F. D. Rossini 66-67 Departments 68-73 Faculty 74-77 Sheedy, Charles C., C.S.C. . . .32-33 Shuster, George N 22-23 Simons, Joseph B., C.S.C. . . .30-31 Simonson, James W 88 Skelland, A. H. Peter 57 Smelser, Marshall 43 Sexton, William 64 Stewart, Thomas E 25 Taliafero, R. Catesby 76 Trubac, Edward R 63 Tweedell, Kenyon S 74 Walsh, John E., C.S.C 24-25 Wendel, Paul G., C.S.C 28-29 Wilson, Jerome J., C.S.C 28-29 Wilson, Bro. Raphael, C.S.C.. .24-25 Wimmer, Albert 43 ATHLETICS 154-215 Baseball 180-181 Basketball 176-179 Bengal Bouts 204-205 Club Sports Introduction . 198-199 Club Sports Scores 213 Crew 211 Cross-Country 184-185 Fencing 190-191 Football 162-175 Front Office 214-215 Golf 194-195 Hockey 200-201 Lacrosse 208-209 Rugby 202-203 Sailing 210 Soccer 204-205 Student Athletics 158-159 Swimming 186-187 Tennis 188-189 Track 182-183 Varsity Athletic Introduction . 160-161 Varsity Athletic Scores .... 196-197 Weight-Lifting 212 Wrestling 192-193 EPILOGUE 244-351 GRADUATES 276-329 INTRODUCTION 1-15 ORGANIZATIONS 96-153 Advisory Councils 136-137 Arts and Letters Business Joint Engineering Science Alpha Epsilon Delta 140-141 Alpha Sigma Mu 138-139 Americans for Democratic Action 134-135 A.B. Advisory Board 136-137 Band 128-129 Beta Alpha Psi 140-141 Beta Gamma Sigma 140-141 Blue Circle 144-145 Business Advisory Council . . 136-137 Business Review 122-123 Chi Epsilon 138-139 CILA 150-153 Debate 132-133 Dome 110-113 Eta Kappa Nu 138-139 Glee Club 126-127 Honor Council 146-147 Honor Fraternities 138-139 Alpha Epsilon Delta . . . .140-141 Alpha Sigma Mu 138-139 Beta Alpha Psi 140-141 Chi Epsilon 138-139 Eta Kappa Nu 138-139 Pi Tau Sigma 138-139 Tau Beta Pi 138-139 I.S.0 130-131 Joint Engineering Council. .136-137 Juggler 118-119 Knights of Columbus 142-143 Observer 114-117 Pi Tau Sigma 138-139 Political Clubs 134-135 A.D.A. Young Democrats Young Republicans Publications 106-123 Business Review 122-123 Dome 110-113 Juggler 118-119 Observer 114-117 Scholastic 106-109 Science Quarterly 120-121 Technical Review 120-121 Scholastic 106-109 Science Quarterly 120-121 Service Organizations .... 144-153 Blue Circle 144-145 CILA 150-151 Honor Council 146-147 Tutoring 148-149 Student Government 100-105 Student Body President. . 100-101 Cabinet 100-103 Commission 102-103 Student Senate 104-105 Tau Beta Pi 138-139 Technical Review 120-121 Tutoring N.S.H.P 148-149 Wranglers 130-131 WSND . .124-125 Young Christian Students. .142-143 Young Democrats 134-135 Young Republicans 134-135 SENIOR INDEX 330-339 STUDENT LIFE 216-275 Arts Festival 272-275 Concerts 262-263 Dunes 250-251 Hall Life 220-227 Homecoming 236-237 IPP 266-267 Jazz Festival 270-271 Lectures 264-265 Lyons Hall 232-233 Mardi Gras 248-249 Moreau Seminary 254-255 Off Campus 234-235 Proms 250-251 Religion 252-253 Saint Mary ' s College 242-245 Social 236-251 Dunes 250-251 Homecoming 236-237 Mardi Gras 248-249 Proms 250-251 Social Life on Campus . .238-241 South Bend 246-247 Social Life on Campus . . . .238-241 South Bend 246-247 Stay Hall 228-231 Student- Faculty Film Society 268-269 The Arts 256-275 Arts Festival 272-275 Concerts 262-263 IPP 266-267 Jazz Festival 270-271 Lectures 264-265 Student Faculty Film Society 268-269 University Theater 256-261 University Theater 256-261 F w WHERE IT WAS WARM Vv inter was warm inside, and the quiet hissing of the radiator under the tall window blended with the muted voices of the Chicago news broadcast from a clock radio on the oak desk. Outside, a wet spring snow fell rapidly, clinging to the branches of the trees around the lake like wet tissue paper.weighing them towards the water. Before this snow, a week ' s warm spell had bared the matted brown grass of the lawns and sent rivers of meltwater streaming down the asphalt and concrete walks. In the morning, the sun had shone briefly, and after his 8:30 class, he jogged around the lake for the first time since late fall. At the Grotto end, his heels sunk into the muddy earth, uprooting themselves with a sucking slurp, the earth reluctant to free its living parasites. Two high school seminarians were playing catch on the sloping lawn in front of Holy Cross Hall. They looked young to him, and he recalled exercising religiously every morning as a freshman, and in the spring joining the interhall baseball team. He resolved to run every day until the golf course opened, but today he was winded, and he walked the rest of the way around to his hall. Looking out, he leaned back in the hard chair and stretched his legs under the desk. The chunky snow was blending into the grey sky, as the invisible sun prepared to desert the cam- i ifir:n pus. A yellowish light from one of the seminary windows threw a white streak across the dark lake. He was a senior chemistry major from Ohio and the tiny double room reflected his average. Since he had no car, he had moved on campus with a junior government major whose roommate had transferred to a state college. Thin cotton curtains framed the window, and two grey pipes beside the radiator stretched to the ceiling. Over the desk, cut-out frag- ments of magazine pictures lips, faces, cars were taped on the wall. In the opposite corner a bulky armchair huddled under a red-shaded lamp, the bunk beds crowding the chair deeper into the corner. Above the lamp hung a framed print of a Blue Period Picasso. Shoes, books, shirts, records and a few empty Coke bottles cluttered the floor; clothes were strewn over the yellow bedspreads. The door, opposite the window, opened directly into the white porclain sink, on which hung a washcloth and a pair of wet socks. Half- opened, the mirror-door of the white medicine cabinet reflected a speaker hung on the wooden molding near the dirt-streaked ceiling; below, on an unstained chest of drawers were a portable phonograph and a flat stack of albums. He raised the window slightly, and a cool breeze crept over the sill. Down the hall the class bell rang loudly, echoing through the high corridor, reminding him, as always, of a prison bell. He closed the paperback, Road to Freedom, that he had ignored for half an hour, although since Farmer had spoken at the library auditorium last RIVERS OF MELTWATER STREAMING DOWN WITH THE COLD IN THE YELLOW LIGHT UNDER THE GOTHIC ARCHES OF THE ENTRANCE fall he had been determined to read it. Shuffling through the papers, rules and pencils scattered on the desk, he found a notebook and the yellow pad with homework problems on it, and from the brick and board bookcase beside the sink he grabbed a hardbound book with a Bookstore cover: Spectroscopy. Outside, he zipped up his blue ski jacket. The snow melted as it hit the walk, and left a trail of mud spots in the snow on either side as he ran past the Rock and down the main quad. The dining hall lights were already on, and the inside warmth mingled with the cold in the yellow light under the Gothic Arches of the entrance. Someone called to him: " Go- ing down to Louie ' s tonight? " It was another senior, an English major, who stood in the doorway and shouted through the crowd returning from three o ' clock classes. Freshman year, they had both lived in forced triples on the second floor or Breen-Phil- lips, and as members of several organizations together, they had been friends since. " Not tonight, " he called back. " I want to see the fight and then I have to study. " He ran on toward Nieuwland. Across the campus, three freshmen in sweat suits and tennis shoes ran up the road from the lake past Sacred Heart Church. They passed, and carefully looked over, two girls walking to- ward St. Mary ' s returning from a co-ex colle- giate seminar class, in which they were the only girls. From an open window in Sorin base- ment, a sophomore whistled at the girls, and the freshmen in turn shouted at him and laughed. Now studying geology, he had gotten a near-perfect average freshman year, but living with upper classmen, he opened his first book this year after football season, and never caught up. But this semester he was working. The French carillion pealed the hour, then played the Ave Maria, and the tones filled the small single next door where a T-shirted senior slept face down, impervious to the in- truding chimes. Scattered about his feet were the pages of the completed draft of his senior history essay, ninety pages, finally ready to be typed; on the floor beside the bed, a form rejection notice from a California graduate school that had come in the morning mail. The door opened, and from the dark hallway someone shouted in, " How about some handball before dinner? " He slept on, and the door closed, then opened again immedi- ately. The student stepped into the room and tore a scrap from the bottom of one of the essay pages: " Louie ' s 7:30. " He spotted them at the back, where they always sat, at the round table for five in front of the silent juke box. For a Friday night, it was quiet at Louie ' s, although it was early yet. 346 347 In front of him the group from the radio station had gone noisily to the basement, and a few couples were sitting at booths. He looked, around, and joined the three students. They had gotten together at least once a week for almost a year. Sitting across the table was his freshman year roommate who now lived in an apartment on Portage Street; the others he had met in Howard when they were all sophomores. A student waiter brought their second round of beer, and he ordered a quart and gar- lic bread. They sat and talked. When his beer came, he raised a filled glass and toasted graduate school. Admitted to a comparative lit Masters program, he had successfully ap- pealed his reclassification. The pre-med major on his right returned with a toast to schol- arship; accepted by three schools in early October, he received notice of a full tuition scholarship this morning. He had decided on medicine in high school and had never lost interest. His philosophic outlook, on the contrary, had fluctuated radically, and his latest extreme found him a section leader in Farley Hall. The third man would not go on to grad- uate school. In the two-year ROTC program, he had elected to serve his three years im- mediately after graduation, and since he was an engineer, he had been almost assured of a non-combat communications assignment. They drank and talked, watching students and couples come and go, glancing at the prints and photos lining the walls, at the painting of a young girl above the juke box, at half-filled beer glasses on their table. Emerging from the glaring light tunnel of Notre Dame Avenue, two students cut across the island of snowy grass in the Circle. It was colder now, and the campus was dark and still in the late hour. The main quad opened empty before them, and from the other quad a high-pitched yell preceded a loud chorus of a song. The English major and the pre-med major talked quietly, walking toward the Main Building. Before them the spire of Sacred Heart rose up pale in the clear sky, like a bone- white ghost, and in the lighted circle of the clock, the hands moved toward the two- o ' clock chime. They talked of the long winter and of grad school, of leaving Notre Dame; they talked of the year that was about to end and of the party the next night. In the cold, their words dissolved into frosty smoke and disappeared. At the crosswalk, they separated, walking to- ward their different halls, where it was warm. IT WAS COLDER NOW, AND THE CAMPUS WAS STILL 348 349 m


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