University of Northern Colorado - Cache La Poudre Yearbook (Greeley, CO)

 - Class of 1908

Page 1 of 223

 

University of Northern Colorado - Cache La Poudre Yearbook (Greeley, CO) online yearbook collection, 1908 Edition, Cover
Cover



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Text from Pages 1 - 223 of the 1908 volume:

LUMBER AND COAL are necessaries and cannot be chosen for style or pattern. We buy good grades of both'-the best that can be found, and our selection, therefore, means economy and satisfaction for you. Give us a call The Barrie!! Lumber Co. Life Insurance a Specialty M J no. V. Crone, 'Ol Son Tl REAL ESTATE V A A Loans, Investments 718 Ninth Street. Greeley, Colorado A Beer Sc Thomas Real ESt21tC,LOa11S Real Estate for Sale Insurance , City Property. Farm Lands Farms and City Property for sale. 21 Specialty, Fa1'111 Loans, Bargains in property and lowest . . rates on loans. Specialty on rentals I V Bulldlng Lomb' Insurance 714 Ninth St. Phone, Greeley 398 721 Sth Street, Greeley, C010, ---THE--- WELD COUNTY SAVINGS BANK CAPITAL ...... 525,000.00 SURPLUS ...... 550,000.00 Greeley, Colorado O F F I C E R S: R. F, GRAHAM . . . P rl t J. L. Ewmo V' P d t C. N. JACKSON C h A. NV, FERGUS -X t L l We Negotiate First Mortgage Loans upon Weld County Farms We Place Funds for Investors The A.J.Park Dry Goods Co. GREELEY'S LEADER IN ALL DRY GOODS NECESSITIES 8: LUXURIES Linen D a-in a s k, Napkins, Table Cloths and Sets, Tow- els, Art Goods and Embroid- ery Linens, Scarfs, Sheets and Pillow Cases, VVool and Silk Dress Goods, Staple and Fancy Cotton Goods, Hos- iery, Knit Underwear, Fancy Collars, Yeilin g, Pocket Books, Bags, Small jewelry, Combs, Handkercliiefs and Perfumes And above all things, remember that our PRICE IS ALWAYS THE LOWEST WHEN YOU CONSIDER QUALITY A. W. JACOBS Fresh and Smoked Meats, Poultry, Game, Fish and Vegetables Prices Reasonable Phone, Greeley 186. 816 8th Street Established 1872 Scott Sz Lyons Insurance, Real Estate and Loan Agency. N o n e b u t First-Class Companies Represented One Door South of First National Bank : : : Greeley, Colorado McC.utcheon Hdw. Co. Everything in HARDWARE 821 8th St. - Greeley i-'THE'T- Thompson Music Co. Edison Phonographs, Merrill Pianos lfVe carry the largest stock of Sheet Music and Stringed Instruments in the city 822 Main St. Greeley, Colo. I. O. GLAZIER Leezellng Jeweler emel 0,oz'loz'em of Greeley, Colorezelo The Largest lewelry House in Weld County Iam headquarters for goods of the best makes. Dia- monds, Watches, latest patterns of jewelry, etc. Souvenir spoons of all kinds. Normal flag pins. I do only iirst- class Work, and such Work as others can not do. I fur- nished the class of '08 with their class pins, adopted by the Alumni, and Will furnish any member with pin of year of graduation upon order of Normal secretary. 815 Main Street, Greeley ' "Where Quality Counts" First National Bank GREELEY, COLORADO Oldest National Bank in Weld County Capital, Surplus and Undivided Proiits in excess of any other bank in Northern Colorado. ASA STERLING, President. R. I-F. GRA!-IAM,Vice President. J. M. B. PETRIKIN, CaShier. J. S. DAVIS, Asst Cashier. DIRECTORS R. F. GRAHAM D. B. WYATT j. L. EXVING E. R. THAYER ASA STERLING H. M. DeVOTIE ROBERT STEELE CAPITAL . . . . S100,000 SURPLUS ..... 5100.000 UNDIVIDED PROFITS . . S 45,000 First Class and Up-to-Date Safe Deposit Vault Boxes for Rent at Reasonable Prices. Greeley Electrical Supply Co H. F. FLOWER, Manager Electric Bells, Electric Fixtures, Flat rons, Electric Heaters, All Kinds of Wiring, Fans and Motors. ELECTRIC SIGNS IN ANY STYLE. Supplies of all Kinds. Estimates Furnished. All Kinds Repair Work. All Work Guaranteed. 921 Eighth Ave., Greeley, Colorado Phone, Weld 269. Open Evenings. MCINDOO Planing Mill Company Store anal Ofjqee Fixfzlres Cabinet 'Work of All Kinds Neatly and Proinptly Done 001 Eighth St., Greeley, Coloroelo Cornrerri NiPEILAyeiu? r Corner Ninth Avenue M... The Coronado a macy Is the place to get what every lady lilies immensely A lady's hands bespeak her refinement by their gropming. She can't groom them properly without the right tools, such as Manicure Scissors, Manicure Files, Manicure Knives and Buffers, Manicure Powder and Paste, Mamcure Brushes, Emery Boards, Nail Polishers. Vlfith these she can keep her hands in such perfect condition they will appear to be groomed by an expert. Let us help you choose a selected Manicure Set to order from our large stock. Complete line of Perfumes and all other Toilet Articles Greeley's New Hotel Phone, Greeley 29 The Marlborough The J. T. Clough Furniture tELl1'ODE'2l.I1l 4 Mrs. W. H. Wright, Prop. Hot and Cold XVater in every Room. Two Blocks Wlest and a Half Block South of Depot One Acre of Furniture 936 Ninth Avenue Greeley, Colorado Greeley, Colorado Tl-ll: GCJLCDFQAI ICJ TF-TACBII-ll-P-Qin' ASEIXICJY Rooms 2:-in-237 Empire Building, Denver, Colorado FRED DICK, Ex-State superintendent, Manager U R X -iii? 1 71 Charles Bldg., 15th and Curtis The Modern School of Business with a city and state reputaiion for its careful, thorough work, is otlering greater advantages than ever. Special Features-Fine business course. Banking and actual Lzusinesspractice are important features ol' this course. Large Shorthand department, with classes in Graham and Gregg. New equipment of typewriters throughout. Complete Telegraph department in charge of experienced railroad men. Civnnected with U. P. Rv. wires. Write today for catalogue. ' Geo. l..aMunyon, Prin. Denver, Colorado Union Tea Ka Coffee Co. W. D. Balcom, Mgr., Greeley, Colo. Manufacturer and Distributor of High-grade Teas, Coffees, Spices, Extracts, Bluing, Starch, jelly Powders, etc. Greeley Steam Laundry Our auto calls any part of the city for your laundry. Our specialtyis line work GREELEY CIGAR CO. e- IKE OPPENHHMER 4-k Complete line. of imported and domestic Cigars, Tobaccos and Smokers' Supplies. Box trade a specialty. Also have Burnt Leather Novelties. Phone, Greeley 613 : : : 805 Eighth Street It Pays to Buy at Alexander's Notion Store MARLBOROUGH BLOCK 930 Ninth Avenue, Greeley, Colorado l i HM Schaffnef gf Man' . 12.8. w. and Cluett i and. Washington Co. X 60 ' Q Shirts. y Clolhmg- Knox Hats. fCl:0'l'l'lll!IG co. 5 Ng- in -JL.i-:f,'1 T. 'I'L'Lp.Lf -- ' ' 1" " wr- Lf 4, Nettleton Shoes THE OLDEST AND LARGEST DEALERS IN MUSICAL ooons IN NORTHERN COLORADO. ESTABLISHED 1884 1 v . 'll-IE W OODS NIUSIC COMPANY I Pianos and Organs, Musical Merchandise, Sheet Music and Music Books. Edison Phonographs and Records. Sewing Machines. Tuning, Repairing 902-90-L COIQONADO BLDG.. GREELEY, COLOIQADO I Offi Phone, Greeley 5I4. Residence Phone, R 169 4 l Land and Immigration Agents. T Y d ' Irrigated Farms of all sizes. Large Own an RanF1dPEOpertfy' Money Loaued and Tracts for Colonization. Stock Imebte Of Pflvafe Parmes- RQIICUSS. RHIITOELCI L2111dS. 808 Ninth Street : : Greeley, Colorado SANBORN Oz HOUSTON Real Estate, Insurance, Loans. Choice Residence Lots OREELEY, COLORADO Phone, Greeley 6 Cor. 9th St. and Sth Av. "Better Be Sure than Sorry" For it is a falsely founded economy W d Q M which does not appreciate that to live 00 u m for the future is to live for the present -to save for the future is to save for R I E t t L the present. The hygienic advantages of Steam and I-Iot Water Heating are ea S a 6' not shared by any other devices. We will be glad to tell you all about it. Insurance The J. D. Potter PIumbing84 Heating Company P. W. ALLEN, Pres. J. B. PHILLIPS, Vice Pres. A. J. ALLEN, Sec. C. H. ENGLISH, Asst. Sec. The Weld County Abstract and Investment Co. ABSTRACTS ON PROPERTY IN WELD COUNTY, COLORADO SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES FOR RENT Phone, Greeley 136. Greeley, Colorado Fancy and Staple Groceries. Marlborough Blk., 926-28 9th Ave. R. G. MARTIN me Tl1eGr0eer To the Students and Friends of the School A Word fo You Cnr advertisers have made this Annual possible. They deserve well at our hands. They have a right to our patronage. Prefer them. Mention your Class Annual when purchasing. These lirms are reliable. They are choice in their lines. Convince them of our appreciation and the value of this Annual as an advertising medium. Yours faithfully, PAY BRAINARD, Adv. Agent. FRANCES DOULL, Editor. EDITH FORBUSH, Adv. Agent. TRUBY CAMERON, Bus. Mgr. The Colorado Teachers' Agency has assisted a number of Norma graduates to desirable positions. Illustrators OUR CUTS . USED IN THIS Designers 130014 Engravers College Annuals Colored Post Cards and View Books oUR CUTS TALK The WZ.flZ.d7H50W-HdffW6f C 0. I 633 Arapahoe Streel, Defzfver State ormal School ol Colorado A professional school for the fpreparation of teachersg all departments in a Well regulated Normal School in excellent shape, a Training School department, com- prising all the grades from the Kindergarten to the High School inclusive, giving every one an opportunity to observe and teach While connected with the institution. High School graduates, or equivalent, are entitled to enter the junior year of the institution and graduate therefrom in two years. ' l rl .ill DEPARTMENTS : Language-Latin, German, French, Italian, Eng- lish. An opportunity to study the subject and to teach it in the Training School. Science-Physics, Chemistry, Zoology, Botany, Physiology. The student studies the subject and teaches it. Mathematics-Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry, Trigonometry, Analytic Geometry. The stu- dent both studies the subject and teaches it. Social Subjects-Sociology, Ethnology, Civics, Economics, History. Arts-Crafts-Wood Work, Cooking, Weaving, Sewing, Basketry, Raphia, Drawing, Painting, Designing. Nature Study-Field NVork, Room YVork, Garden Work, Laboratory Work. Professional Subjects-Psychology, Pedagogy, So- ciology, History of Education, Philosophy of Education, Teaching, Conferences, Seminar. Miscellaneous-A diploma from the State Normal School is a license to teach in the public schools of Colorado for life. -Free to citizens of the state, expenses for board and room are very -l-l moderate-board from 52.50 to 33.5o per Weekg room rent from 75c to 551.25 per week, two in a room. The Fall Term Opens September 8, 1908. For Further Particulars Se-nd for Catalog Z. X. SNYDER, President. Q rx. fo' all WQ. W lil . lil All W I e Cruclble All . . lr mem Now Is the Tune to Subscmbe My M W QQ lil 11. ' -- W All ll? 'gk W ll For lil J- W CE Next Year's Q15 'l rr ll Volume wl' ,QQ lil lv. W WN Ae W il E., wir Al Y 5 NSW Alb 47' ' QQ A W U. W All W W M www WS WN The Crucible is published MB monthly by the students of the State Normal School QM gg lr U- , NSW WN 'lv' ll lil lil all W www Send 25 Two-cent Stamps, or 50C Money Order gig to l'The Crucible", Box 16, Greeley, Colo. -l' W S -. me Gamfielo Steam heat, hot and cold Water, electric lights, telephone service in every room, electric elevator, "the prominent hotel in Northern Colorado. " J-BIBEALSPIOPI ' Phone, 600 Greeley, Colo. The W. F. Robinson Printing J. NI. CAIVlERON'S COIHPHHY SPOT CASH STORE Printing, Engraving Always th e CHEAPEST Blank Book Manufac- , 1 turers and Publishers Clothing, Shoes, Hats and Furnishing of Legal Blanks Goods. Special prices on Sample Shoes, Shirts, Ties and Hosiery. 1508-14 Arapahoe St., Denver, Colo. 815-817 Eighth Ave., Greeley, Colo. Phone, Main 69. Established 1881 Nearly Opposite Postoffice The Wilson Grocery Company Staple and Fancy Groceries FRESH BAKERY GOODS EVERY DAY EVERYTHING THAT IS GOOD TO EAT 1 9 OAS 25th Year The Fisk Teachers' Agencies The Leading Teachersl Agency of the United States. Extending from ocean to ocean. Boston, New York, Chicago, Washington, Minneapolis, Spokane, Portland, Los Angeles, Berkeley. 25,727 Positions Filled at Salaries Aggregating S16,399,400.00 13th Year-Denver Office, Nathan B. Coy, Mgr., 405 Cooper Bldg.-13th Year Leading Teachers' Agency of the Rocky Mountain region. Qualified teachers always in clemanrl. Register now. Manual and full information on application to 405 Cooper Building THE FISK TEACHERS' AGENCY Denver, Colorado ARTI TIGEPO I G Coupled with our peerless workmanship, niake our pictures the kind that are admired-they are artistic. l1Ve niake special rates to teachers and students. En- largenients and copies made from all kinds of pictures G ART NOUVEAU STUDIO CARLOEQEZEEGER 1539 Arapahoe Street, Denver, Colorado, Opposite Postofhce .. QF fx 5? GO TO If You Want F ine Photos H WALLACE - My E- ., 1 ' -'tif-5 ' 1 - L " 2 Q - I I C 1 l t C D Xice President j.PEER T X XX C S t 9,-if A Vw, .. . - a--i .a,e -' E - E E , - - ,.-- Q ' "ff p- , Q A .... 5' 5. ' 4 5" .1 ti ' -. E ." " 'A't" or Weld 285 fi 1 fp!! V i f - Q i xy, "J " X '1 Ninth Street 4 -- - ' ', . -alf Q -f.,. .5 . ' -- - . -' :VS-. Ahstracters of Lots and Lands in Weld County. Greeley, Colo. Corner Ninth Avenue and Sixteenth Street-just across from Campus Note and Composition Books Normal 85 College Pennants lnk and Pencil Tablets Normal Stationery i Art and Drawing Material Full line of Tennis Goods SOUVENIR POST CARDS NEVIN'S COLLEGE CANDY ICE CREAM SODAS D E N V E R COLORADO , k,i A O iv.- Y, ,aaa Headquarters for Exclusive Styles In Young Men's Clothes Our new line of 'gMay Special" UChesterlield" and "Student'l Clothes which are strictly hand-tailored, embody all the latest ideas in clothes craft sought after by particular "college chaps" Choice of the new browns, tans, olives, also London smoked and elephantls breath grays, as Well as a handsome assortment of fancy mixed patterns. An endless variety of fabrics to select from, at SISLOO, S2o.oo,. 5525.00 and 530.00 THE COLORADO TEACHERS' AGENCY Can and will assist Normal Graduates to desirable positions The Photographs Union National Bank CNEELEY, A g COLORADO w, H, FAM, President E. J. DECKER- Cashier -- B. F. JOHNSON, V. Pres. F. E. GILL. Asst- C3 h A L W A Y S Capital, Surplus and Undivided Profits, : 1 : : 585,000.00 Up,t0,Dat9 DIRECTORS W. H. Farr, B. F.johnson, j. B. McCutcl-neon. A. A d Alf d Leaver, E. R. Tha , H. A R ll If y f stomers and 11 5 tributed t p p ty th k 5 most hea t ly W r d d' 1 ' 'mu t ll t p t "th us and U d t d .t me:s everv possible assistance. . H YS tu IO Safety Deposit Boxes for Rent avv Greelzya Colo- -.unnun nan: 1 n nur-nun: nnnunn x munuu aan:-un in vu n:f':::. ZL'iZ1-.um----.-. 1- hiv.nxnnrfr-ruin.:-r A .nur-nu .nv-mln. A y T e Shaw Dry oods Co Complete Stocks Harry H. Shaw, Pres. Lowest Prices Cloaks and Suits, Millinery, Dress Goods, Silks, Hosiery, Underwear, Laces, Embroid- eries, Shoes, Neckwear, Ribbons, Etc., Etc. Greeleyis Style Center T 'First with the styles," is our motto. Greeley women know that they can come to Shaw's and in a brief survey get a clear and com- prehensive idea of Fashion's trend in every line. They know that what they see will be authoritative. They know our showing is complete The Store that Emphasizes QUALITY Here in Greeley people count a purchase of goods from this store as carrying sufficient guarantee of merit. The best-not the next best-has always been our aim. There may be less profit for us in it, but it satisfies our customers. You can always have confidence in trading at Shaw's. . The Store of Good Service A great business cannot be built up in a day. It must be as thor- ough in the smaller details of its service as in its broad and important movements. This store began at the beginning to do things well-to serve its many customers carefully in every detail of their require- ments. Adherence to this same principle has brought Shaw's store to the front today. Your individual needs are our especial business whether they be .small or great. Good service in little things has brought this store to its high position today and will bring it to more perfect completion in the future. Make Shaw's your trading place, your meeting place, your stopping place-it means economy for you . 15 1 'ill I 1 1 -1 11 1 1 il R1 1 1 111-1111 1 slr!!! VV 'ill A K K 1 A ll lk lx 1 A A A 1 lx A l lilrulxlu tuultk n-,f .if 4- .,. I lr 34 3 L1-'Tl , --if . '1A--:air--.:ii :'I'5?'iirE+, , 'f , , . " 1 -- . - L --'?-2-1-f-fff--Laq - .4 ,L .. -. , ..'- -rw P - ....f-- f...., ., .....- -- f ,..--J ..: .wg 25.543 Hjigdi, - ,lffx A" -'I'-I - ,.,.... X ' ?4!c!'Lf' L- , ,FL Q sr new , 7" L .z'? " w, '? - Y- Y, B.. - '-,. , 14- , f"'f' A-M K-11- ii :ff 7 ' 9, ,KIUN ' "'-' ., my li Lg- 'fr it , Lg, ,rf F ,x ' '- j ,nl Q- .117 Q. . ---.,.-1-: . - hr! f. , f- .A ,xl .14-- Q. N-X' 1 -2.4 ,, K' ,my ,-- 11' 5 11 --94 ffm' :Lf-1I2..' -- . ..f DK- ' L , ,f X' -1--:'Af - -., V- 1 :Eff ,,1, 34 .LM as ff fff -. 1-f:5-1- nf 'fu 54- - ' ' Lfiigi- , -I ', W H W44, .TL 5 ,- , , -. ...- A, --.,- .yu f ,, ,, ,,,. ..- ixiif ,-, 14 ' 1127243 - ' EF ' 25 . 5'3- ' - 5.1+- 51-: 133 GX EEEi5'f?'E7.'!5?f5f' 7 K ' i ' : ' jg 5-" "' -V ,Alu-QQ: ' ----'QQ 'L Tl. A - " ' '- 4'-.:.Qf4' ..:4.L'2?1f--1 '- f f .+-H' A LM- U gi AL-,f.-"JJ SI- '5:f'i?'.i3i4-' "-if - g X 5155 V 1-"ffii Q? 451.- -1 ' L- f - .,. - 10? V L- F: ... ,z.? -,,-ifif Ji 1. , ,Q " -' - 4 'ev I - ..,- Ciba Glacbe Ia llboubre lDoIume Ewo Hia vgogogv ikgfli llbublisbeb bg the Glaze of 1908 Giolorabo State 1Hormal Ecbool Ko Ebe flbembero of the Glam of '07, Jfor one abort gear our partners in pleaeure ano otrifefgour frienoo forever, Zibio book is affectionatelp oeoicateo. JBoarb of Crustees Hon. L. H. Turner . . Trinidad Hon. L. W. Markham . . Lamar Hon. Richard Broad, Jr. . . Golden Hon. C. H. Wheeler, . . . Greeley Hon. Milton R. Welch . . . Delta Mrs. Thalia Rhoads . . Denver Miss Katherine ,Craig .I . . . Denver mffiC6F5 Richard Broad, J r ..... . President A. J, Park . . . . Secretary J. M. B. Petrikin . . . . Treasurer Greeting In keeping with the precedent established by the class of 1907, the class of 1908, thru us, its Board of Editors, leaves to its Alma Materavolume of the Cache la Poudre. Tho it be imperfect, We have no apologies to offer. In our humble Way We have tried to carry out the Wishes of our class-mates and to present Normal School life from the student's vievv' point. As a heritage of our renowned and illustrious class We leave this little volume with the students, teachers and friends of "Dear Old Normal". That it may serve in coming years to call to mind the sacred memories of youth and school-day pleasures is the sincere Wish of the Cache la Poudre editors. Tlnbex the Jfacultp. Glasfses. llbebagogics wrganigations. literary. Eltbletics. wbbs anb Enbs. r , bf Q . R J, 5 -W. 1 L v . . U.-R , -:gel-A 1 1 -,jgwggk ax , . 4 .1 . ' W' LRQQ-ra-?"i5f-'F 'f' :F'f5: ' ' .-xJ- - rv .. f.3..z-iv.. -Xa.-. 'r-11.1 R-.g.fiiAw Q. . f N'--1 .- - ' " ' 11-O... .-:-f 1 .:f .-I .fk:fAg,gq:452N if -P5-eLtQ'5:f-JA-lzfizzzf Rfymg - -- z - ,.-.gli-1-Q:-ag . '...:Q,i2-1a'- ff? L. ....f2L:..gQ2,f X' ,-J ff - if O " . . ,E .- wg... 9 3,,-'AR ,,,3qg.55:2.-,Rig3-Qs.:iqV jrf,-.q?.g:f:SjS,x : .A 5 1 .I 'L ' -' f ' Q - ,, '- ' P3 ' "ff"Il-2fiJ:""3L'-121151213-,Qi-555Q''J'7'f'Yl'Ti :::g:-jfff, ,. 12,5 "" Ax' 4-.5-4' -- -N , .xp A .,.!I::" ,-,:.2':Z'1"y ' .. ' Xi, 'K 'fx . e f 1 'R , f :Q Q :QA 51:21 'm9:: ""'Q2-Eifii :S1?12js3'gQ21b1.2" j ....:"'!n'r:-..5, 51:5 F' if ,Q E. 'I E515 !gg:155?1??5iu:" FFR' iw!" T- iv he as I ff 1 " f- -.,g,, f Q . .ii iff f ' '- f-A-:.-rv-e:,r:, - - ' '-.V -'--. ,. 'a1'aE ' -2151. xi' ' R '- -- . ..- , :1.- V -'FT ' 1-2.1-1:-g......Q:. 2 . .- - 11R...NiRwv-':m '.3 -'fw-UN 2"11lE' -f'.1..e:z?.:vfr'ffag 3 .R . O+ ..f1x-- .-, M Rza? 1' ,. N'-+R-' '.zt.f:w- ,. ll1"Q1.1.LZ,g. -f-va.-1:,. f. ,, E32 E15.-.,i iffizfii-:1':'::g:15T+-.T is f fm us' fr' ..., '+G .f 5 -- : 5. .F -'ff .2:f :,,a.N.-"f- -' Q.,-'15-:4.g::,"i?g:i lu:fg.f:Q:59j.1:5'f ,f""x:'Wf? -':f.g x '. 12-1:1 I NNX:v'.5f.g.,Lf ':,..-E,Jx-'LIL :Eff "T:-.,'f' " , w . X. -, xx. L.. mg, A. .1 L. xx.. .... r-. ,. . . . . , we . . -' - A, . .R ., ,.. v + ,,, , -'S-MQ-v11f3':wb -1 .9 -m sg ' f::1':LH?'- COLORADO STATE NORMAL SCHOOL LIBRARY. v .2 . QWWQL X sa 1 J -pg YMYE' T ,f -' J ff -, Q, E al" , is Wg' f ' " X + X7f Q59 qw-W f' mai f if A4Q ' 4 w6N L' ' +0 ' 1 -2 , , Q' A Wfgvsu ,C .ll Z. X. SANYDER, PH. D., President Our President What could more fitly describe Z. X. Snyder, President of the State Normal School, than the inscription, "If you seek this greatness, look around you." Sixteen years ago the State Normal School Building was so meager and inadequate, it scarcely deserved so dignified a name, but by the earnest effort of one man, who had the determination and integrity to make a suc- cess of whatever he attempts, we can now say, perfectly unafraid that any one will attempt to refute our statement, that we have one of the best Normal Schools in the west. What does it mean? What does it show? Nothing but this: thata man who had the desire to raise the educational ideal of a state, had with it the wisdom to settle systematically to work and the patience to wait' until the daily work of the years culminated in this kind of a monument. To say that it has taken brains to accomplish the work Dr. Snyder has done is putting it indefinitely. Tact, amiability, with a nice amount of pertinacity, has won for him many a well deserved tribute. With tact you all know there must go a certain amount of lieniency, lieniency bespeaks clearsightednessg all this and more is found in Dr. Snyder, with due regard to his business qualities, his teaching capabilities, his efforts to rouse and raise the best within his students. We must not forget to pay due homage to his neolog- ical ability, which we are made aware of so early in our meetings with our President. , Students in their last year in school hear Dr. Snyder say a great deal about adjustability and adaptability to environment, and one can offer as an argument that he understands fully the pros and cons of the case and gives us a fair example of adaptation and adjustment in his personal attitude toward the school faculty and students as it now stands and as it was when he undertook the task he has so charmingly developed. LOUISE MORRIS I-IANNUM, PH. D., DEAN OF WOMEN. Department of English, Literature and History Louisa DIORRIS HANNUIXI, Professor. "To say ilflmf gow fzmrn rlmw is not f.lZZ.U!l,!fS fo say zulmf you wwf. And only zqlfaf you arc 7llKlf?lC'7'S f'fw"r1nNy.'l Miss Hannum, as dean of girls, necessarily comes into intimate contact with the students of the school, and seeks, as far as her department Work permits, to interest herself in all sides of their life. Since her sympathies are, by nature, rather with the deeper than with the more superficial phases of experience, newcomers sometimes make the mistake of supposing that she does not know all their perplexities, and Wishes, and trials. But these things pass, While there remain problems of thought and life which Miss Hannum has the keenness to comprehend and the earnestness to meet with sympathy and Wisdom that takes hold of the lasting issues. Seeking to make her department practical in its relation to the fundamental Work of the teacher, she arouses her students to the fact that there are fields of needed effort about them Which it is Well Worth While to explore and to fit into the scheme of living and training others to live. Miss Hannum is direc- tor of the English department now for the tenth year, and her influence upon the students and upon their feeling for the imaginative side of educa- tion has been very marked. JAMES HARVEY HAYs, A. M., VICE PRESIDENT Department of Latin There is one man seldom met with in classes, except by those who take elective Latin. That man is Prof. J. H. Hays. But we all see him at least six times in the two years we spend in this, our dear old school. Need I explain further? HaVen't you all girded your armor on just a trifle more securely, fixed a wan smile upon trembling lips, and marched, "with unas- sured tread and slow," to a seat in that waiting line of maidens? Another way in which he has been endeared to us is that in his generosity of spirit he often permits and assists us to make an astounding effort to sing, true to time and note, a new song in chapel. ' Prof. Hays has been Vice-president of this institution since 1891, and by his quiet, unassuming, yet forceful, manner has become one of the magnets toward which all students naturally turn. He has that keenness of perception and the logicalness of mind that would make him as successful in the business world as he is in the professional world. ' GURDON RANSOM MILLER, PH. B. Professor of History and Sociology. "And now if I be permitted to go Step farther." ABRAM GIDEON, B. L., M. A., PH. D. Professor of Modern Foreign Languages. "You don't articulate Well." ARTHUR EUGENE BEARDSLEY, B. S., M. S. Professor of Bioloffv and Economic iaiolggy. "What is it? Eh, what do you say?" W if . Ni ra, , f -- A A 1-221 2 .31 A few ' are A 1 v ,CAA W hm N as . .. I . .. ,F A 5 Q x NS v me -A N vw 1 ,xi QQ! as Q X, l I - 1: - sfff ' QL 'Sb X A vs? ' X .v wig ? y Qk5'f ANA, , ELIZABETH MAUD CANNELL Director of Kindergarten "It is quite fashionable in other kinder gartensf' WILL GRANT CHAMBERS, A. M., M. S. Professor of Psychology and Child Study "They are Very much alike and yet Quite different. ' ' ELEANOR M WILKINSON Professor of Domestic bcience Oh, Oh, don t stu too much SAMUEL MILO HADDEN, Ph. B., A. B. i Professor of Manual Training "'Yes. I'll help you in a minute." GEORGE BRUCE HALSTED, A. B., A. M., Ph. D., F. R., A. S. Ex-Fellow of Princeton Universityg twice Fel- low of john Hopkins Universityg Intercolleg- iate Prisiznang sonietiine Instructor in Post Graduate Mathematics, Princeton Uni- versity. "I Wouldn't change any of you, if I could, but I would have it all happiness for you. " IH WILLIAM KENNEDY STIFFEY Professor of Vocal Music "If I could make you see things y Way. " ' I M i lli. -iiiubkfx I . W .ysbigillig , :lHlmgi7fi I- , :'ii"'."ll'9l,."ll'i 'UU,i"fiwCi .. ws, I ,ijjnji WPI . " ' ,. ' ' w . I., . FRANCES TCBEY, B. S. Professor of Reading and Interpretation. "Yes, yes. All 1'ight.,' RICHARD ERNESTI Professor of Drawing and Art. i "The art room is like achurch' walk quietly. " I 7 FRANCIS LORENZO ABBOTT, B.S., M.A. Professor of Physical Science and Physiology. "Let us see, just let me think a. minute." SELA BOYD, PH. B., PD. B, Assistant Librarian. ' 'Hadn't you better change your seat to another table? ' ' ALICE E. YARDLEY, PD. B. Assistant Librarian. 'TH get it in a minute." 1 W ixii - 5 is ALBERT FRANK CARTER, M. S. Librarian, Professor of Bibliography. I think you will find them in the other case. ' ' iigi.. ., . ' ' '-1., S? X 'PSX i gh 1 l 41 A li 3 -A pig? LEVERETT ALLEN ADAMS, A. B., M. A. - T ' Professor of Natural History. 'I H 77 : '1'.4 ' P t "' A affix' ,A -5,15-.4 ' 115.6351 3- : ' Vx 'uw gi.-5 15315- 1-'i'l1- "' if '3-iff-':'i1:'s ,fy , g1, afgQ'5L't.3ggx 1.1 l"flE?xE'E:'l"':'r,35.452 ','.,,A 1-3.4-',-5,15 A' 'f . 2- 415: '4gr7:',,Q.-Lgff X i,1j,.'v-'ya .1i.jL,-.s,jZ'- , 2' A .wsg.y-3. , ff ' , 1,- , , -A f -ff ky , f GEORGE WASHINGTON BARRETT, M. D Professor of Physical Education. K 'Well now, for instance." SX XX fy E W l xl ff! il A ii ll W gs , 1 ' A f f This is simply great. HANS WELLER HOCHBAUM, B. S. A. Professor of Agriculture, Nature Study and Out-Door Art. "I am rather easily fussed. " VERNON MCKELVEY Presicle11t's Secretary. "What can I do for you." ACHSA PARKER, M. A. Preceptress of High School, Associate Professor of English Literature and History. 1 "We are extremely careless about some matters." ROYAL WESLEY BULLOCK, PH. B. Principal of High School. "I quite understand Your atti- tude. " ' if MARSHAL PANCOAST, B. L. Assistant Principal of High School. "It isn't such a joke as it pears." ETHAN ALLEN CROSS, B. A., PH. M. Associate Professor of English and Literature. "IWar1t my students to quote me correctly. ' ' J. C. KENDEL Associate Professor of Music. "Let's have that over again. " DAVID DOUGLAS HUGH, B. A., M. A. Superintendent of Training School. Come to my office and I'11 look into this E. D. RANDOLPH Assistant Critic Grammar Grades, Edgar Dunnington Randolph came to the State Normal School from that fine old state of Illinois and brings with him that thoroughness of equipment, progressiveness and immutability of ideals that always have been, and always will be, the foundation, and yet, the finishing touch to the making of an irreproachable man. Mr. Randolph graduated from the State Normal School of Eastern Illinois in the year nineteen hundred and three. After iinishing this course he became instructor in English in the Normal School of Terre Haute, Indiana, afterwards accepting the position .as instructor of English and Latin in the High School of Gays, Illinois, which position he held for two years. He is a man of much executive ability and determination, conservative and sincere in his attitude toward his work. It would be un- seemly if such a fortunately, equable person had no hobby or idiosyncrasy with which we might find fault. It seems though that there are but two- things to which he adheres, tenaciously, namely: his age, and modesty com- pels him to refuse absolutely to have his degree mentioned or to be called professor. We can readily forgive these slight peculiarities if he will only continue to marshal the small boys and girls up and down the corridors in that inimitable way of his. - DORA LADD, PD. B., B. S. Training Teacher Upper Primary Grades. "Be more animated, but d0n't talk too much. " Q ELIZABETH KENDEL, PD. B., PD. M. Training Teacher Lower Grammar Grades. "I am busy, but I will do it." ,. wx. 1 ., , F' Ll- H: 5 .5 H 7.E.'V'fI . , 1 5. I .. .. , ff .M ,g qnggf f ,:-" 14. .. , A , Ag ,iTiL ' f. ' A 5 .. WP. f 5, V .' , nfl' 2 , e '55 -R '12 T . . ,-3, CHARLES W. WADDLE, A. B., ' M. A., PH. D. Assistant Superintendent Training School, Training Teacher Upper Grammar Grades. "I will look after that now." CC ALICE N. KRACKOWIZER, B. S. Assistant Critic Primary Grades. There is much improvement since you started." - , f if-ew , F!! :fm l Q, 0 Siu 'f ? vf if . N W . i i . . , X N 'W H i , 'M E.. .1 V ' W . Q Mx . - 7 'fl M GV i i5gi2g...fgm,, i 595 mmm Xi, A V xr X A .N X 4' f BELLA B. SIBLEY, PD. B., PD. M. Training Teacher Primary Grades. "You are advancing noblyf' f' ' 4 , . B , gf if 2 f , f - 'y 'Q-1, f f - BBBB" B f 9 x www? N 'mai' H -'B"' ,Q ' Eiwwfl x" K' 'X xx , f f B Q , , X L M A W B ,EQ,.,, : , 'fB .Q W 1 EXPERTS, Q- KW, Vf-. -V A -f'Af5f-.q,5s,-,f55,-.f.--.,,- . -A., J. 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Nik :qu X 6, ,i,g.,, g f -- . 4 - -.V-,. 4,.-- -, .- -. -. ..--Qfkgxx, -, ,xv-,-:y,,,..5.f.4gg.f. .. -: F..-gm... Q ax... , 5. . A M1wwg.fwiMQf+,Qw-Qf- - ' .Vi fy- x?ACgiflggf-,?':ggSg?b,yASQQ3 ,gav- A , w-gggegg-,fx , ,, , A, . -, ,5.115.,.., .. N Ng: . X V- ,V V-5. :QS-3 ...g:', 53,53-54.,1.Q:QQ51f5,T5Atigg3ggggw, V4-H 55 U '1E:1.-, -1- 3-sgiifjzp .HX -, 'A -. , V. 31,5 . :A2-'Q ' .e' F. ' ii spy: fr i. , M' .. k A, ' K .,..,,X, j . U1-L, ., - A 1 5 -.,:,j V- Y , I itx., 'V Viffju A - .L-, F, " - 1 ' J' A, -- 2 ...'rkS5p-gxysmgig , - ,- , - 119' M.--, . 1-Q.-.,:.Ag:,3g .AL , VV, MI t Q LF... ,T .. ': ' E,-7541: Y , -. K -yy ,VE-1:5511 'A '5?if?Q.3,- ,:,, - - A A -A f,.Q1f,V--:.,'.55 xl 5- 3 , VY -,V-,fy X -6- ', .Q V V. 'A 'Q 1-Z,-. :Ag ,Q , Vg- :.'2-.f.LEgq-- -1' -A - -' 5-5235 Slfiiif' . A First Term Homer Kyle . . . Dorathea Wortmann Susie Barry . . . Ethel Isham . . Guy Roberts . . Frances Doull . William McKelvie . Margaret Taylor ..... Brainard Allsworth .... Fred Ramsdell . . Glass of 1908 COLORS Gold and Golden Brown. Morro "Learn to live." YELL Boom-a-racket! Cheese-a-racket! Sis! boom! ah! Seniors! Seniors! Rah! Rah! OFFICERS 1907 President . . . Vice-President . Secretary . . . Treasurer . . . . . Sergeant-at-Arms 1908 . . President . . . Vice-President . Secretary . . . Treasurer . . . Sergeant-at Arms Rah! Second Term . . Frances Doull Dorathea Wortmann . . Harry Johnson . Fay Brainard . Susan Cleverly . Sherman Howard . . Homer Kyle . Margaret Taylor . . Fay Brainard . Chas. Newcum 1ln flbemoriam Call not back the dear departed, Anchored safe Where storms are o'erg On the border land We left themg Soon to meet and part no more. 'lxgbia Eligabeth 1bavohin9 BORN March ninth, eighteen hundred eighty-eight. DIED October twenty-fourth, nineteen hundred six Susie jfrancea LfBarrQ BORN April first, eighteen hundred ninety. DIED August thirtieth, nineteen hundred seven. C1355 IDF65iDGI1f5 HOMER L. KYLE First term 1907 SHERMAN H. HOWARD Second Term 1908 FRANCESfR.5DOL'LL Second Term 1907 First Term 1908 1 2 Th Sherman H. Howard Greeley. Colo. Senior Class President. 62d ternm "To know thee is to honor thee. Mabel Wasley Greeley, Colo. Class Editor Cache la Poudre. "Ever gentle, good and trueg A friend to me A friend to you." May Elizabeth West Denver, Colo. "Of manners gentle, Of affections mild." Sadie M. Myers Del Norte, Colo. "A quiet, sensible vvon'1an." Bessie B. Montague Denver, Colo. "Such an unassuming maiden." Nell J. Cain Lamar, Colo. ou sayest an indisputahle thing in such solemn way." Edith Crowell Pueblo, Colo. "Her hair is like the fine, Clear amber of a jostletl wine." Anna Duenweg Platteville. "Silence became such a friend." 9 Edna Gruber Las Animas, Colo. "Thou hast no sorrow in thy song No winter in thy year," 10 Mabel Wilkenson G: eeley, Colo. "Thy studious mind is ever evident." 11 Luella E. Daven Greeley, Colo. "To see her is to love her Love but her and love forever? 12 Hallie Gammon Loveland, Colo. "Thy frankness will ever be admired." 13 Clarice M. Philips , Denver, Colo. "XVith wisdom fraught Not such as books, But such as practice taught." 14 Etta M. Donaldson Denver, Colo. HHer heart is as true as steel." 15 Susie V. Burkitt Fruita, Colo. "Language was given us that We might say pleasant things to each other? 16 Clara L. Martin Denver, Colo. 1 "Delightful task! to rear the tender thought, To teach the young idea to shoot." u rw' 1 ..x...y.. ax N V 4 3,-Fir .-,e -iv.. Pm . -' '. 5 -f f 3' 1 2? v ' ,T W X ,wer A, by . x .X K -mf", . ,XM '-J, ' 5 1 Homer Lewis Kyle Evans, Colo. .President Junior-Class. fist tel-m.l Vice-President Senior class. 62d term.J President Francescion. t1908.D "He speaks reservedly, but he speaks with forceg- Nor can a word be changed but for a Worsef' 2 E. Myrtle Dawson Julesburg, Colo. "An inviting eye, and yet, rnethinks, quite modest," 3 Lela Molly Stark Colorado Springs, Colo. "So firm, yet softg so strong, yet so refined. " 4 Mabel A. Faris Sulphur Springs, Colo. Proof Reader, Crucible. "Cudgel thy brains no more about it." 5 Edith A. Wimmer Loveland, Colo. "Wise to resolve and patient to perforlnfl 6 Ina M. Thoberg Eagle, Colo. 'tMeet then the Senior, far renowned for sense, W'ith rev'rent awe, but decent confidence? 7 Lizzie Adelle Porter Denver, Colo. "A Wonlan who did her own thinking and needed but little advice." 8, Emily Alice Emery Sugar Loaf, Colo. "Her for the studious Shade kind nature form 'd. " 9 Bernice Bacharach Colorado Springs, Colo. Kindergarten Editor, Crucible. " lTis very sweet to look into thy fair and open face." 10 Russie Douglass Mexico, Mo. "O Douglas, Oh Douglas! Tender and truef' 11 Lillian A. Weckel Fruita, Colo. 'tFull many a flower is born to blush unseen, And waste its sweetness on the desert air." 12 Edna L. Wills Denver, Colo. "Exhausting thot, and learning wisdom with each stndious hour." 13 Barbara Dixon Colorado Springs, Colo. "Oh be less, be less enchanting Let some little grace be wanting 7 Let my eyes when I'rn expiring Gaze awhile without admiring." 14 Florence Barrett Denver, Colo. "Deep in her heart a passion for fun grows, In spite of troubles, storms and woes." 15 Nellie M. Thompson Greeley, Colo. 'She speaks, behaves and acts just as she ought." i K-?"'V4'2:' 1 A4 K .Q ' + -1-1-1 1- lf. 9 I .- 4 5 f 4 R w -1 4 x x N 1 f I - Q-rw '- 1 4 r X 1' I , :' Q 8 , A. --.- - grqifgzg 'W , -,-Q-1,,g1?e:v. 1, - . . as- 4 A A . ,.1:jf52g5:" " 11 N v , , ,. N V -'-xx 4 f 1 .A 5:11, -.., 5 : 'if-5 w ' ff.-W.: 1 Juanita Bell Denver, Colo. "Happy, kind, and free Weclrlecl thou shalt be." 2 Lina C. Webber Sugar City, Colo. "A good man never dies? 3 Ada Tupper Denver, Colo. Literary Editor Crucible. "Thy rapt soul sitting in thine eyes." 4' Florence E. McGowan Ft. Collins, Colo. Exchange Editor, Crucible. "As pure and sweet her fair brow seemed eternal as the sky." 5 Allie Archibald Greeley, Colo. "Still achieving, still pursuing, Learn to labor and to wait." 6 Anna Agnes O'Connell Anaconda, Colo. 'tGround not upon dreams, you know they are ever contrary." 7 Mercedes Irene Coughlin Silver Plume, Colo. "Everyone is the architect of his own for- tune." 8 Isabelle Warner Denver, Colo. "A face with glaclness overspread! Soft smiles by human kindness bredf' 9 Florence M. Lane Rocky Ford, Colo. "Her speech is graced with sweet sounds." 10 Cecilia M. Lawler Aspen, Colo. "Deep sighted in intelligences, Ideas, atoms, influences." 11 Edith Rowe Lamar, Colo. "A gentle woman, sweet and firm." 12 Charles Le Roi Newcum h Greeley, Colo. Secretary of Start Cache la Poudre. Sergeant-at-Arms Senior Class. 42d Term. Captain of N. H. S. Cadets. "A self made man.,' 13 Emma Carolyn Wolfe Denver, Colo. "Constant as the Northern star, She hath Dianafs wit." 14 Hazel Hoagland Golden, Colo. "A sweet attractive kind of grace, A full assurance given by looks, Continual comfort in a face." 15 Florence K. Preston Denver, Colo. "How poor are they that have not patience. 16 Bertha Serena Gjellum Fowler, Colo. "Humility that low, sweet root From which all heavenly virtues shoot." 17 Edwina Marie Alan Denver, Colo. "A frank and open countenance." X ' I :M 3"'., - 'fx 9 , , 'K :Ag ff Q w 1 4 1 , I -,U 4 8 1 Wm. R. McKe1Vie I 1 Hygiene, Colo. Vice-President Senior Class. Clst term.J President ofCl1o. l2d term.J Advertising Agent, Crucible. "He reads muchg He is a great observer, and he looks quite thru the deeds of men." 2 Maye Murray Las Animas, Colo. "Her voice so gentle Bespeaks of her rennementf' 3 Ethel Roberts Brush, Colo. . "A ministering angel shall she be." 4 Caroline Josephine Feiertag Ft. Lupton, Colo. Pedagogical Editor, Crucible. "Gentle and true, simple and kind was she." 5 De Votie Alpharetta Lemmon Denver, Colo. "Gentle in speech, benedcent in niindf' 6 Carrie Margaret Deitrich Monte Vista, Colo. "From labor health, from health content- ment springg Contentrnent opes the source of every joy.'l 7 Mamie E. O'Connell Anaconda., Colo. "A true and noble woman." 8 Nellie R. Sampson Cheyenne, VVyo., "ln virtues nothing earthly could surpass her." 9 Edith L. Forbush Pueblo, Colo. Advertising Agent, Cache la. Poudre. "A sweet and kindly disposition with a dig- nified manner is wornan's chief charm." 10 Bonnie E. Wade Pueblo. Colo. "Deep brown eyes are running o'er with glee, Blue eyes are pale, and grey eyes are soberg Bonnie brown eyes are the eyes for ine." 11 Eva Watson Lake City, Colo. "Be not always on affairs intent. But let thy thots be easy and unbentf' 12 Trumbel Lois Gavin Denver, Colo. t'Not forward but modest, and patient in disposition. " 13 Rutha Hullender Breckenridge, Colo, "A mants best friend is the honest teacher." 14 Letitia A. Scott Loveland, Colo. "A good book is a Student's greatest friend." 15 Attie Dean Moore Hillsboro, Colo. "Modest doubt is called the beacon of the wise." n 1 .Fay Brainard Greeley, Colo. Advertising Agent, Cache la Poudre Class Treasurer, 62d term, '07, 'OBJ "No Wher so besy a man as he there n'as, And yet he seemed besier than he was." 2 Frances Doull Greeley, Colo. Editor in chief, Cache la Poudre. President Junior Class. C:Zd term.J President Senior Class. flst term.J "A noble type of good heroiciiwomanhoodf' 3 Mabel Grace Padget K Greeley, Colo. "Be true to your word and your work and your friend. " 4 Florence Anna Thompson Greeley, Colo. "The love of learning the sequestered nooks and all the sweet serenityxof books." 5 Etta E. Lapharn Grand Junction, Colo. 'WVin hearts, and you have all men's hands and purses." 6 Margaret Florence Marron Denver, Colo. "Not aw'd to'duty by superior sway. " 7 Elizabeth Howard Davenport, Ia. "A woman good without pretense! 8 Bernice Lorena Comstock Denver, Colo. "XVhatsover she doeth, she doeth well." 9 Ada Bell Crawford Greeley, Colo. "Tell me hast thou beheld:a fresher gentle- woman, Such war of red and white within her cheeks?" 10 Ruby Ruth Curnley Wray, Colo. "Kind words are the music of the world.', 11 Alice M. Chester Mack, Colo. "You, by the help of tune and time can make that song which was but rhyme. 12 Guy Halbert Roberts Edgewater, Colo. Sergeant-at-Arms Jumor Class. Clst terrn.l "In doing what We ought we deserve no praise, because it is our dutyf' 13 Irrnagarde Latson Rocky Ford, Colo. "Fair as the dawn light on the sea, Blue eyes and happy girl is she." 14 Mary Ethel Dale Denver, Colo. "At sight of thee my gloomy soul cheers up, My hopes revive and gladness clawns within mef, - 15 Iona Brainard Greeley, Colo. "The world knows nothing of its greatest men." , 16 Deborah Anna Ross Addison, Mich. " 'Tis the mind that makes the body rich." AAA, Y - :iii-fl 3 - .giji -.xi W .,., X. F - w'-3.. X-: 'N x ., A fi X -a 1 J. Truby Cameron Greeley, Colo. President Clio. Clst terrn.l Advertising Manager Cache la Poudre. '07, Business Manager Cache la Poudre, 'o8. "One who never shirks his duty." 2 Irmagarde H. Harris Denver, Colo. "The joy of youth and health her eye dis- plays And ease of heart her everyzlook conveys." 3 Mabel A. Haney Denver, Colo. "'Tl1e happy have whole days and those they choosef' 4 Helen Marie Sopp Greeley, Colo. "impulsive, earnest, prompt to act." 5 May Alice Barrnettler Georgetown, Colo. "The milmlest manners and the gentlest heartfl 6 Edna June Purdy Pueblo, Colo. Pedagogical Editor Cache la Poudre. "This maiden of diligence and happiness." 7 Myrtle Loletta Blair Pueblo, Colo. Athletic Fditor Cache la Poudre. "Queen rose of the roseburl garden of girls." 8 Julia Murray Denver, Colo. "All nature is thy province, life thy care." 9 Alice Irene O'Boyle Denver, Colo. "Health and cheerfnlness mutually heget each other." 10 Mabel Stephen Denver, Colo. "Now see that noble and most sovereign reasonf, 11 Merna B. Robison Morenci, Arizona L 'A gentle teacher thou." 12 May E. Desjardins Denver, Colo. "The brighest ray to light up the night of iliscouragement emanates from the star of true friemlsllipf' 13 Grace H. Wilson Greeley, Colo. "A good woman is an excellent thingfor those who know how to appreciate her value." ' 14 Bessie L. Sperry Colorado Springs, Colo. "So unaffecteclg so composed a minrl," 15 Joysa P. Gaines Greeley, Colo. Art Editor Cache la. Poud re. President of Art Club. flelof-1.J "ln framing an artist, art hath thus rlecreerl To make somegoocl, hut others tueXC1:t'rl." K .9-sf!-f ' If -:qua A 'Z x M. . V, fi , , QQ . 'Df' of 1 X .4 .,., ,,,.:Q f 0 1 Brenda Floyd Victor, Colo. "All people said she had authority." 2 Holcie Victoria Rosedahl Denver, Colo. "None but herself can be her parallelf' 3 Vera M. Linn Denver, Colo. "In faith, lady, you have a merry heart." 4 Eva Matilda Berg Colorado Springs, Colo. "Be good, sweet maid, and let who will be clever.'7 5 Leota Glenn Thompson Las Animas, Colo. "Her cheerfulness is an offshoot of her good- ness." 6 Elizabeth Miner Crested Butte, Colo. "Whose little body lodged a mighty mind." 7 Alice Loave Dobson Wichita, Kansas t'Thotless of beauty, she was Beautyls self." 8 Catherine Susan Cleverly Denver. Colo. Joke Editor Cache la Poudre. Sergeant-at-Arms Junior Class. Czd term.J "Enjoy the present hour, be thankful for the past, And neither fear nor wish the approaches of the last." 9 Hortense Evelyn Knapp Denver, Colo. Organization Editor Cache la Poudre. "Eyes and ears and every thot, Are with her sweet perfections cauglitf 10 Bernice Kingwell Denver, Colo. "And fair she is, that inine eyes prove true 11 Rosalia Geiger Denver, Colo. 'tLet us enjoy pleasure while we canfl 12 Georgina Anderson Osceola, Neb. 'tQuiet tall-1 she liketh best. In a bower of gentle looks lR'atering flowers or reading books." 13 Iona I. Twoiney Julesburg, Colo. "Keep going and growingf' 14 Iva Mallonee Denver, Colo. "XVitli eyes that looked into the very soul 7? Bright and black and burning as a coal. 15 Catherine Beck Denver, Colo. "A pleasant face, a happy soul." 16 Blanche Beatrice Byron Montrose, Colo. t'Her very motion shows happiness." 17 Margaret Taylor Golden, Colo. Proof Reader, Crucible. Secretary of Senior Class. 119083 7 7 17 "She s beautiful and therefore to be wooed 6, os? ?-7-1 . L - 1.165 571 1 if ' Z J , 'P I ' an 1,19 my mu ' f , , fl W 1' W",1,i.f: 55" . X . .-f my ' , Q X J55' ,. , 1 .. .1 V- eg-.-.v .3 4: , . ii, 1 13--: -4 X 5 . M , . K .v ,. ' sm. ,1- 1 Minnie M. Dailey Littleton, Colo. "A giver of joy." 2 Cora Carolyn Burns Saguache, Colo. t'Attempt the end, and never stand to doubtg Nothingls so hard but search will 'find it out. " 3 Mabel Prudence Benning i Pueble, Colo. Art Editor, Crucible. "She was good as she was fair, 'With light blue eyes and flaxen hair.'l 4 Nellie Horton I Pueblo, Colo. "She doeth little kindnesses, which most leave undone or despise." 5 Olive Delling Greeley, Colo. "Oh, she is fairer than the evening air Clad in the beauty of a thousand stars." 6 Josie Laura Peterson Greeley, Colo. "XVho mixed reason with pleasure, and wis- dom with mirth." ' 7 Elsie Lavinia Alexander Saguache, Colo. "XVearing all that weight of learning like a flower." 8 Louisa Ruth Baird Golden, Colo. "Be not disheartened then, nor cloud those looks, that want to be more cheerful and serene." 9 Charlotte Anna Sackette Telluride, Colo. "The proper study of rnankind is man." 10 Pearl Wieland La Junta, Colo. "I would study, I would know, I would ad- mire foreverf' 11 Julia B. Redden Gunnison, Colo. "She doeth all things well." 12 Jessie Force Denver, Colo. t'Silence is the perfectest herald of joy." 13 Mary L. Cramer Telluride, Colo. "Thou hast so good a heartf' 14 Mary E. Beatty La Junta, Colo. "Blest with a good reason and sober sense." 1 Wm. R. Hurley Greeley, Colo. "Most unassuming of our men." 2 Clara B. Shattinger Denver. Colo. "Men at some times are masters of their fatesw 3 Mildred Johnson Greeley, Colo. "A maiden never boldg spirit so still and quiet, V that her motion blushed at herself? 4 Ella Brooks Ft. Morgan, Colo. "A great mind is a good sailor as a great heart is. " 5 Bonnie Bonham Edgewater, Colo. "All my ambition is, I own, To proit and please u11known.'7 6 Ruby A. Gardner Greeley, Colo. "I have but one lamp by which my feet are guided and that is the lamp of experience." 7 Fred Ramsdell Greeley, Colo. Circulator Crucible. Sergeant-at-Arms Senior Class. flst Term.J "The nymph surveys him, And beholds the grace of charming features and a youth- ful face." 8 Bessie Adalaide Prescott Littleton, Colo. "And in mind very wise." 9 Goldie Prudence Vanatta Colorado Springs, Colo. "The manly part is to do with might and main what you can do." 10 Mollie Elsa Surnrnicht Carbondale, Colo. "Who does the best his circumstance allows, Does well, acts noblyg angels coulcl do no more." 11 Isabelle Hamilton Holyoke. Colo. "She with all the charm of woman, She with all the breadth of man." 12 Harry E. Johnston Evans, Colo. Secretary of Junior Class. f2cl term.D "The man that makes a character, makes foes." 13 Mary M. Stryker Boulder, Colo. "Her heart is an ocean wirle and deep 'Where swirling waves of frienrlship sweep." 14 Leona Liddith Desmond Greeley, Colo. "Mischief, thou art afoot." 15 Brainard H. Allsworth La Junta, Colo. Treasurer Senior Class. fist term.J Business Manager Crucible. t'True as steel." fn lil, My . f,, ff .4 - ' fr '40 6 fl v we , ' U 4 ff 1 2 Inga June Callaway Montrose, Colo. General Notes, Crucible. "The force that fails not." Nellie Margaret Statler Greeley, Colo. President Y. W. G. A. ,f1908.l General Notes, Crucible. "None know thee but to love thee, Nor name thee but to praise." af Grace McDonald Victor, Colo. "Harmony with every grace Plays 4 "The 5 "Her 6 7 "Man in the fair proportions of her face." Eula A. Smith Greeley, Colo. flower of sweetest smell is shy and lowly." Helen Hubbard Lake Elmo, Minn. mind was the purest treasure mortal earth affordsf' Nellie Nancy Clark Pueblo, Colo. Y. W. C. A. Editor, Crucible. "She is pretty to walk with, She is pretty to talk with And pleasant, too, to think on." Hazel Leah Soister Pueblo, Colo. tho all resourceful must bow neath the decrees of heaven." Y 8 Edith Marx Denver, Colo. "He is truly great who hath a great charity. ' l 9 Helen Smith Denver, Colo. Literary Editor Cache la Poudre. t'She has a woman's mouth with all its pearls Complete." 10 Dee Williams Leadville, Colo. "She is short and stout and round about." 11 Marie Anna Kouba Denver, Colo. "A modest maid, yet self possessed withal." 12 Esther Bailey Loveland, Colo. " 'Tis only noble to be good." 13 Florence Eleanor Noll Denver, Colo. "A radiant star whose luscent light Illumes the gloom of life's4dark night." 14 Flora Bennett Deane Denver, Colo. "There was a soft and pensive grace A cast of thot upon her face.'7 ' A i px w 1 Laura E. Mau Young America. Minn, "My mind is my kingdonifl 2 Eva M. Earle Delta, Colo. Music Editor Crucible "She has so kind, so apt, so amiable a dis- position. " 3 Nellie Bergstrand Denver, Colo. "But thou bringst valour, too, and wit, Two things that seldom fail to hit." 4 ' Edith Brake President ofthe Clio, ed term. C1907.D Denver, Colo. "Round her she makes the atmosphere of life." 5 Frances Gibson Brush, Colo. "The strongest anchor in the storms of life is the love and conndence of a friendf' 6 Lola Taylor Mancos, Colo. Exchange Editor Crucible. "A mind at peace with all below, A heart whose love is innocentf' Seniors Whose pictures do not appear: 7 Julia Mallaby Pueblo, Colo. Dramatic Editor Cache la. Poudre. "Composure is thy charm." 8 Jessie K. Fry Bennett, Colo. "When in the course of human events it be- comes necessary for us to scrap, let us scrap." 9 Susie M. Parker Denver, Colo. "She is so very studious And strictly mindeth every rule, And should she ever misbehave XVe are all sure 'Lis not in school." 10 Emma Lee Lander, Wyo. "She is wise who doth talk but little." 11 Jessie M. Gordon Colorado Springs, Colo. "Be fair or foul, or rain, or shine, The joys I have possessed in spite of fate are mine." 12 Ethel Carter Paonia, Colo. "The noblest mind the best contentment has." Louise Holderer, Denver, Colo. Elizabeth Harnberger, Golden, Colo. Myrtle Baird, Greeley, Colo. O. C. Zingg, Greeley, Colo. Julia Rose, Colorado Springs, Colo. Annie H. Goodrich, Greeley, Colo. Lb . f - . 1 "' ,aff25TQ+.. X 'lvl-' ' 1161'1:?f' ,, X Yx Aff, 'N' ' 'lf' -bf?-f,4L?5i,?LkE2'f5'14:5zQ' f ' :wx-RQ -- 525122: ,,,.-45:1".fin.455gggwf4,'1af':-yfzjs',f ' .- 7 .. '?,5Qfz5fe1's2QQ:2fg2!fWff f' , . .AH x. 2. wx, 3.g,',u -en ' f. n,a4a..?,.3,--gg,13' 1' , fl V wig! "" "fiii 1:g415, 255:11-:f1'e?P-V 2 - W fjw 7 -' 1 - , -,QV-f:'?fi'9?f15f5'-w','f.w.ffm :L-L " ev ' f pf 5- iq . -:f":-age' ff ' - ." 3 A "-'rfflrdffbif 1 'I'-yz,1-if ' ' f f i- ,.-2782512.97 fm-1- Q , . .1 4 f -n.yey41-51345. ,vig ,qgm1rEw.a',gn-,I . , QV . ' Aiffzdyy.. 1 11' Q-z,1'ii6iffwmv' f ' .1" ,. 'f1?1diQP?.,r25.,-IW" .1 , -1 V. W . MLW ,r -3, , .W ly , , Zz ff- ,fv.,...- , ' iff eff ":"f""zl1 f dt' . 'Q '...' ' I 3, "4g""H511rj,1'Q.2'QQfQ,fL l ,' . ,ig ' . 4? fi" Wi-wih:FLf'2:? 1.1 ' f L ' - f . z11w.W-:Q-1 wif N1 . f jf43Z??fQ33?21.'xrf'f5z , If y f ff. f A wif' ' 'Z 1 Lin-S6'2??fr1iWfiiuzirr1F:-m'2v4f?1k2iEl1'f' cf " af .1 ,xw If 4.9. HN ,f. f., lf . 1 ff:'elm'1s'lp5A9i-hfufih' yfAn!w2f!smiff-y,j..-5:4,YQK.-.-,vnylbgg-a1f.w '-.4 ' f 4: L I :,w,'.1Hf1fQ2 11,.'Gf'i1:jwf1-nffzvi',1.11Q:.3:w-EL-"El:-Lfixsiffw-.7?-'MIG-I,"gi-- f - f f'f1,a-'ffl''--hA"a-5-QV"-."g'gsf-'47q.3s5fW12.f1f'1"v'5PA5:bw.-30-,gf'f-fi-X'i.f""-g'fPL!.,1?'z.1"-' V .yvcaeli "Vf,V,Wu3'g?g-,,.,z':v,6"m7.41,:f55f 'f ' ',f ' VIA , Fig Pix" 'ffm 1' f' 'vc , 1: , fy .- ,M1X1fn,,9' P, , ' , fu '- HL, 1 , ' f f 4. ,cf Q "'f J 'ff fb 1 - gl ' ' f W' f' , ff f if 3' Y Popular Library of Songs and Rah-Rahs, Charitably Dedicated to the Juniors, Colorado State Normal School, 1908 YELL. VVang, bang, siz, boom, bah! Seniors, Seniors, Rah! Rah! Rah! TUNE "I'1l Do Anything in the Wo1'ld for You." juniors, there is no room in this world for We will help you get out if you wish us to. We'll knock you, slam you proper, For you're not even worth a cop-per, VVe'll do anything just to get rid of you, YELL. Clickety! Clackety! Sis! Boom! Bah! Seniors! Seniors! Rah! Rah! Rah! TUNE. "Maryland" "The Junior's life hangs by a threadg Let it hang," the Junior said, "For every dog must have his clay, So we'l1 go marching on our way. NVe'll march along and sing our song, Let laughter ring amid the throngg We'll pass along without a care And leave the junior hanging there. YELL. Boom-a-racket-cheese-a-racket! Sis! Boom! ah! Seniors, Seniors! Rahl Rah! Rah! SONG. Tune-Chorus of "School Days." juniors, juniors, dear innocent juniors, you, We're sorry we've heat you but you'll have your day, ln fighting a class in the very same way. So don't let your spirits drop a jot. For we can advise you an awful lot. VVe'll coach you and show you a thing or two XVhen the time comes for us to be friends. YELL. Y Rip, bang, hip ho, Get there, by twos and fours! Set tire! SENIORS! TUNE. "College Days." This is the day for our caps and gowns, A sign that we are wise, l 'We have earned our pleasure by ourefforts gran So grand! cl, VVe've scored all the victories in this school- Beat the juniors by a mile, So today we're marching onward in a band. NVe wear our gowns with dignity, W'e march with stately tread To the echoes of our voices so sublime, Sublime! XVe gracefully followed an uphill track- VVe've earned our caps and gowns, So we sing it all to you in simple rhyme. YELL. Rick-a-chick-a-boom! Rick-a-chick-a-boom I Rick-a-chick-a-rick-achick-a-rick-a-chick-a- boom! 'Who are we? Who are we? SENIORS! TUNE. "Oats, Peas, Beans and Barley Grows," etc. Monday the junior came to school, And Erst of all he broke a rule. He stood there talking in the hall And Dr. Z. X. made him bawl. Tuesday to school he drove his horse, Lacking in sense of course, of courseg You notice now he's looking pale, Why? He tied that horse to the campus rail. Wednesday he brought his goat with him, The poor little thing was weak and slimg He acted just as Irs. do, And then he went skiddo, skiddo. To the library Thursday he did go, The rules in there he did not know, His manners rude now cost him dear, He never went back because of fear. Friday he came with paint and brush, He was late and made a rush, He got one look then turned at the door, lVe found him bruised on the lower Hoor. Saturday night was the time of his life, He started out to find a wifeg " 'Tis ten o'clock," a voice did call, XVe saw him scale the garden wall. Sunday's the day of all the week That this poor junior felt quite meek, He went to church with other boys And there was t'squelched" for making noise, JU K RS. Hwfwmf , f ,. I fr' ' ,45si'i3i:,g5vg,xguJ:i1',ia fy .ay f ,- , ., aisef?2Ws! g5w22:5g1aaif1 f ?sfes25::q5igp1g1iQgg32V' " X A . 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VAN GORDER, President MOTTO "He conquers who conquers himself." First Term Elizabeth Van Gorder Lois White . . . Phillip Lloyd . . James Lockheart . Frank Swart . . CLASS YELL Rick-a-chick-a-rack! Cherry and black! Rick-a-chick-a-rine! Nineteen-nine! Rick-a-chick-a! Rack-a-chick-al Sis, Boom, Bah! Juniors! Juniors! Rah! Rah! Rah! Second Term . Elizabeth Van Gorder . Die Hibner . . Lois Wright . James Lockheart Ofhcers . . . President . . . Vice-President . . . . . Secretary . . . . Treasurer . . . . Sergeant-at-Arms . . . Frank Swart Zlibe Qfuniors Maserve CHARACTERS FLossY, BELL, BESS AND J EssIE-Junior Girls. SCENE I. A midnight spread in a Normal girl's room, typically furnished. News- paper spread on the floor, with chafing dish, forming an attractive center- piece. The four girls seated on the floor. FLOSSIE. Now, Bell, you make the "rabbit,!' and Jessie will make the fudge. Bess, you and I will make the banquet table on the iioor and get the rest of the things ready. And, Bell, for goodness sake, make 'that rich enough to keep us all home tomorrow, for we have to observe that "dear Miss KnoWall" teach. According to the reports of some of the teachers and herself, she is the most wonderful of the seven day wonders. Personally, I believe that even poor humble I could do as well as she does. BELL.-Oh, girls! Imagine Floss tyrannizing over that awful class of eleventh graders. Really, dear, if you were there I am seriously afraid that you would spend so much of your time trying to captivate the good looking boys in the class that the "super" would take it from you. JESSIE. CDodging a cracker aimed at Bess! Hush, O hush, girls! Or you will have a torrent of wrath poured on your foolish heads in the form of a calling down from your landlady. If you are chafing over observing Miss Knowall tomorrow, whom even Miss Harmon calls good, what will you do when it comes to observing some of the other Seniors? I took occasion to watch Miss Sleepy the other day, and, I declare, girls, the class was so dull that I had to pinch myself to keep awake. And the other girls say she is not much worse than the average. I BESS. Pray, don't be too hard on the Seniors. Remember that we shall be there next year. JESSIE. Yes, the Seniors tell us not to criticise because we couldn't do any better, but even Mr. Art says that our class is a great improvement on any of the preceding classes, and Prof. Hughell told us that he had at last found a class in "Naughty-nine" that he expected to get good work from. Come, on girls, the tea is ready. Let's drink to the health of our wonder- ful class. . O, here's to our class the peer of all others, Made up of great minds, so illustrious and ine, The class gaily sporting their cherry and black, And waving their banners for nineteen naught-nine. OTHERS TOGETHER. Good! Hurrah for our poet. . FLOSSY. My, girls, don't we feel proud of such originality coming from one of the quartet? BESS. Indeed we do, but let's not get so excited that we forget to drink the toast. I'll agree that observation is bad enough, but to have these music exams come the ,same day, and then our art folios and English note- books to be in this week. Oh, you fortunate Seniors! If your ballads are the worst of your troubles, we wonder why none of your boasted intellect, reality and cleverness is expended on your efforts with the coming genera- tion. Come, girls, it's time to put out the lights. I'll wager we all dream of observing Miss Knowall tonight, but it can't be any worse than the reality tomorrow. ' ' Curtain, SCENE II. Next afternoon. Another room. Jessie, Bell and Bess are actively en- gaged in an animated discussion. Flossy enters excitedly and interrupts. FLOSSY. Whew, girls, wasn't that discussion a corker? Do you feel sufliciently squelched, I wonder? Are you bowing reverently and humbly in your thoughts to the Seniors? BESS. We did get taken- down, but think of poor Miss Knowall. Prof. Hughell certainly picked her to pieces. And Miss Harmon, O my! To think that that poor girl was there and heard it all. A BELL. In the first place, Mr. Critic had to criticise her method of pre- sentation so unmercifully, and then Miss Harmon, naturally disagreeing, said the method itself was good, but she didn't carry it out right. Then they both proceeded to find fault with her preparation. By the way, have you thought out what an "aim" is yet, and how it differs from an Mend?" I was thankful he didn't call on me for that question. JESSIE. And what made Mr. Critic ask me what preparation I should have made if I had been in Miss Knowall's place? BELL. O, but girls, the way Prof. Hughell asked those rapid fire ques- tions was enough to frighten anybody. "To what extent did the teacher utilize the past experiences of the children to bring about the realization of her aim?" "What opportunities were presented for the development of self-initiative?" For the advancement of self control? "What alternative procedures would have been as advantageously used?" "Was the aim of the lesson fully realized?" IA chorus of groans from alll BESS. And then to cap the climax by asking us to write a full plan and hand it in. ' FLOSSY. "O, that way madness lies, no more of that." JESSIE. flaughingj It certainly does lie that way, or will, if we have many more to write. BELL. Girls, did you discover any commendable features whatsover in Miss Knowall's teaching? From the discussion, I mean. I had a glimmer of hope once-when Prof. Hughell said that her summary was good, but he spoiled it all by adding those two terrible words, "all but." ' BESS. Yes, if they so much as hinted at a compliment, they immedi- ately covered it up with something disagreeable. They didn't give us the faintest excuse for thinking next year's teaching an easy task. BELL. Pray, don't forget what Prof. Chamberlain said of his "atti- chude" toward the class and their response. FLOSSY. And Miss Harmon's Commendation on her unity! JESSIE. Well, we have caught it pretty hard from the faculty for the way some of our class have started out to criticise without really knowing how, but just think! If we keep up this kind of observation and criticism we ought to be able to do wonders next year. We surely are having enough faults pointed out to us and in us. L FLOSSY. That's what we are. For my part I shall henceforth walk softly. But mercy! What awful discord is that coming up from the street? My prophetic soul, it must be the Juniors. JESSIE. That is all, my dear. Just a couple of Juniors singing minor modes. Come on, Bell, we must go. Remember, we observe geography next week. Good luck to you all in your plan writing. Curtain. -7. DIVISION I.-Royer Young' Tierney Brown - I Landers Sallen u O'Rourke NOFFISS Jones Hlbner Flnch ,Jones Golrley I Boyd Horton Weeks , Smlth Chne Sterne P1eda1ue Reed Grant Cramer NOFFIS Ross Granger Snooke Hubble Donivan Webster DIVISION-II. Johnson Delling Yerion Noyes VanGorder White MoNicholgLs .Beardsley Kennedy. Kelley Cegmeron Rosenberg Tracy Hartung' Tandy Matmg Llttle Robertson Plerce Wmghb Toelull Geraghty . Burr Stevens Carlson Wrxght Johnson McN1cho1as McAfee Bower Fllger Brown DIVISION III.-Baller O'Gonnel MCOFGGPH Dotson, Ingersoll Kuhnley i Lyon Feddi Smit Long Wenger Weld Strang Overn Camp Ogle Danmls l . ' Thompson l Wxlhams Mays Mahoney Bently L111y Reily Heenan DIVISION IV.- I Cheng' Skank Reed Lowe Heldman Locker Whlte Swartz' amma. Lookhart LeMoy Avison Baird Skinner Sheldon Imes Bowles- Moore Urossby Ellerby Slaughter Wlsebart Lewls Rogers Lloyd Hoober Tucker Hutchinson Kuhnley flllll 4 ' --eb .Q .f -if aff , lf .'J'a-. -9: f m8Q:"c-5, if 'i . -If 1 ,W 35 .1 m imi.. c ill 1 U- gl Aww X fu lpn--' X D up i f milf AI Q' , H af 9 are , nl , ll! - , q-M 5,3 --4 I j ww' Lg f- EQ! " - ,slr -w ere e-:JE f .. . F Q - - a t - --5, aaa.. rgi: g if-2, .:5g4'75.:g,,,Qj'- ti : Y-lv l ' iv gabiu, . flbobern Seconbary Ilibucation. fAs seen by Pa I-Iadley.D Well, ma, while I was up to Henry's place last week I went with his girl, Mandy, to see the Normal High School, and to get some points on re- cent educational notions. It does beat all things how they do now-a-days in school. A First, we went up to what she called the industrial history class. Forty or fifty young folks about Mandy's age were gathered in a big room that reminded me of Si Perkins' store down to the corner, just before he went broke. There were shelves all around the room filled with a most promiscuous stock of junk, but not a very full line of anything. They had soap, and shoes, and vaseline, and spices, and paint, and breakfast, foods and axle grease, and some second hand pots and jugs considerably mended up, and some animal skins put up in jars in about "fifty-seven varieties." Mandy said this was the museum, and that all these things had a bearing on their studies. I asked her if the axle grease was to oil the bearings, but she didn't seem to notice the question. She says they have a museum more or less like that in every room now. When we went in all the boys and girls were sitting around tables with little pieces of different kinds of wood in their hands, and Mandy said they were discussing the lumber industry. I tell you, ma, I never knew they could make so much out of a few little boards. These youngsters talked about "utilization of natural resources," and "conservation of timber," and "forest reserve policy," and "forests as a factor in civilization" in a way that made me dizzy. Mandy said that was easy, but that when they studied "transportation and communication as the basis of culture and intellectual advancement," it was pretty deep for her. Up in the physics class we found some girls busy sweeping the room with a piece of rubber hose. Mandy said this was a "pneumatic vacuum cleaner" which the girls had made themselves. As near as I could make out, there was some sort of a force on the other end of the pipe which gath- ered up all the dust and dirt, burning it down in the furnace. Mandy showed me a candy floss machine which she had made the week before, and said that she had a mechanical bread mixer that would run as soon as she got her sparker to work. I sized up the young fellow that was helping her, but don't know whether he was the one or not. I thought she seemed a little bashful about it. After this came the agricultural class. There was Judge Simpkins' girl and Dr. Bradshaw's girl and banker Talbot's daughter, and about twenty other boys and girls that I wouldn't have expected to know a sorrel horse from a horse chestnut, all talking about "the value of forage crops" and Vbalanced rations. " If half the things those girls told are true, they know more about feeding hens than our mothers knew about feeding babies. The museum here was a sight too. There was all kind of farm tools, and garden seeds, and grain seeds, and even weed seeds, all put up in glass cans. I saw some mighty tempting looking preserves in glass jars that Mandy said was commercial fertilizers. I don't know whether she was joshing or not. When we went up to the art room and saw all the youngsters drawing pictures and making mud pies, "working in clay" Mandy called it, it reminded me of the time I used to get licked for making pictures in school, and you caught it for playing in the mud. Times have surely changed. Well, in the afternoon it was just the same way. Everywhere we went there was always something doing, but it wasn't study by a long shot. When we first went up, there was about twenty kids having a rough house on the platform while the teacher sat back looking pensive and mildly criti- cal. Mandy said this was a reading class dramatizing the mob scene in "Julius Caesar. " Down in the gymnasium was a class of about fifty girls swinging their arms and jumping. Qld Dick Smithers used to make us jump some in school, but he didn't call the exercise by any fancy names. Then there was classes in cooking, and sewing, and making furniture, and wood turning, and iron and copper work, and printing, and about all the other things that a body ever has occasion to want to know. Icould see that these scholars were just learning in school the things we had to pick up the best way we could. Young folks now-a-days have a lot more to learn than we did anyway, and they seem to learn it pretty well, and to learn young. The notion in school now seems to be to work at something that is interesting, and natural, and real, learning from people and from things as well as from books, and doing things instead of just talking. Judging by results I guess the "modern educationw is all right after all. Mx' i I slay! we I ...ffl 7 "' WW " I -- 55.1 ' . -1-24222 'lm' .2W.,:: " m1.g3s'1,y-wa e yg,gf4A - .4.,,i-u55,a-V -24 .i- 1-"".-5-Y' '- - . 1- - r .KV :ii 365272571 ' , 'Y . A, , . 1. ' , ' ---sff-I nk, if X I I A NINTI-I GRADE- Archibald Crone I-Iull Bedford Davidson Loyd Tibbits Tibbits Borison Kyle Keley Overson Bpwland Bashor Samqson Roberts Boneon Bly Truelson Wyatt Wyatt Svvedman Malm Fxtzlnorrls Horton Mclndoo Jlllson Cozzens Sormgson Dotson Baab McKelvey Phelps Smder B d 11 Rehn Dobson Lee Dwining Hockanson Alden Jones ar we . I . Hunter Swanson Kellog Saniord Bashor Hopkms Delllng Cozzens Konkel Todd Robb Yerlon 14. TENTH GRADE-I I I . Wxlmarth Lausrhrey Shambo Olxver Ollver Beardsley Morris Bramgrd ullver Sweet 'lfruelson Blalsdell Emory Swanson Mott Anthony Hamlllon Moore McCul1om Rrobert Shay Henderson Kennedy Bennet Hunter Vaxl 'l'ur.ner F1nch Doke Mundy Varvel McCoy Emerson Keefe Musgrave Oarrithers Hopkins Lockhart Wadlin Steck Nordstrom Tibbits ELEVENTH GRADE-Dellipi Sherman Cloqk Miller Carfaenter Bernethy Snoddy Johnson Stevens Alexander .Sm1t Cary Werkhelser Gove -Ca v1n Bedford Kermode HHtCh1USOH Goodwin McK1bben Rogers Zllar Kondel Graham Kyle I Go McOrery Chestnut Rowe Blazr I Gates Henderson Bradfield Peterson Cooper 'Pence Barromen Pame Blumer Hunter Eury 'L :I vi NH' f YQ N M X ix X ,U-A Q 53 W9 'N 1 ' , 7 if 'xx J . xff f f 0 ff Nw ' ' I f i 7 muy. A 5 Q I ' G' fdfafow 5 N X Q XNQWQCB ii , X .., Ffa-my f if M J x - , 5 X Y , ,s Af F--N- f - 5 ---A E I f4 Q M " 5 W A if, Q A i f .N - . . 13 T' 'J' f . I ' xx c v X DX ' Xa-. :ov 1.-. K I , 1 " f 1 ." JWM 1 4 X 1' ff - ' ' P X s f 'W fi' DV f 1' , f A ' H 'N ' f ,:,-- V 5 D -Q ' 3 1' , SMX X ' . f , F l ,Ms K Q A 1N1 f w 4 BYAREDDS X f 'vw M UGS tis: , QA, A Xgx-2 E W3 C f xv-fn, EWU? ' f ,Ch V1 .1- H H ,k f 'M M ,+,,-,,f'+?f' Svocx STUDY El Short Glourse in llbeoagogv ln Six Easy Lessons, with Supplement and Teacher's Key. INTRODUCTION. For several years past a growing need has been felt among teachers for some brief but accurate treatise on the art and science of teaching which would give in condensed and systematic form those fundamental laws and principles upon which pedagogy rests. This course is especially designed to supply this need. It has been arranged under the supervision of a "faculty of experts," and at all times adheres to the truth, even at the expense of literary style. For this reason the student may rely implicitly on what he learns herein. It is true, however, that though the course is intended to impart valuable information, an attempt has been made to make the lesson attractive by embellishing them with frequent illustrations, similes, out- bursts of eloquence, and other rhetorical devices. The work is arranged in six easy lessons in consecutive and logical order. It is so simple and lucid that any child can understand it, and consequently well suited to the intelligence of the ordinary teacher. At the end of each lesson will be found a list of suggestions and ques- tions, designed to be of aid in the preparation of the lesson. At the close of the course are appended a supplement and a teacher's key, which, it is hoped, will' be of help to those who contemplate becoming professionals in the application of the principles contained in this course. It should be constantly borne in mind that no other work of this kind has ever been put on the market, and consquently we have labored under exceptional difficulties in its preparation. We, however, feel that it will, in some measure, supply a long felt want, and, while it is designed primarily for young and inexperienced teachers, it is hoped that older teachers as well will be benefitted by a perusal of this work. I LESSON I. H1sToRY or EDUCATION. Many teachers are not aware that education has ahistory, yet its history is as exciting and full of adventure as a Chicago alley at midnight. In this lesson we shall try to trace the main events in the evolution of education. From the time the caudal appendage went out of style and the prehis- toric ape began sleeping in a cave, down to the present day, the world has been more or less infested with children. In fact, modern scientists have conclusively proved that wherever a civilization has sprung up children have been present to a greater or less degree. So much evidence of children has been found in the homes of early cave men that most archeologists now agree that they were present there in considerable numbers. fSee supplementj The cave men did not findthem inconvenient and paid little attention to them, trusting to the cave-bears, tigers, and alligators of that early age to keep them from overrunning the country. Many of these children would now be our ancestors had they not perished in this way. Gradually, how- ever, with improved methods of hunting, the woods became depopulated of their fierce wild inhabitantsg and mastodons became so scarce in London that a meat famine occurred. On this account children began to multiply rap- idly and soon became a social problem. Certain cannibal tribes hit upon the novel plan of eating their offspring as a solution of the difficulty and others sacrificed their children to their various gods. But these solutions of the problem sickened our Aryan ancestors, so they at last hit upon the scheme of collecting or corralling the children into a herd or school. Thus we see that to our own ancestors belongs the honor of inventing the school for children. CSee supplementj The school was governed by an adult individ- ual called a teacher, whose duty it was to keep the children out of mischief and immure them in hardships. Solomon, the Hebrew king and philosopher, suggested the use of the birch rod as the best equipment of the teacher, and until comparatively recent times it has been the custom to grant second grade certiiicates on the ability to use this implement with sureness and vigor. CSee supplement.D j 4 About the time the theory of evolution was at its height, some one sug- gested that children in schools might be educated to do many cute and useful tricks, and from this time on pedagogy becamea science. A modern teacher is not only expected to take the responsibility of taking a child off its parents' hands, but to instruct him as well in reading, writing, arithmetic, raflia work and oral composition. Teachers, let us awaken to our responsibility. SUGGESTIONS. , Read lesson I over before trying to prepare it. There is no special rule for the use of the supplement. Keep practicing till you think you know how. Do not read the next lesson until you have mastered this one. - Information concerning Solomon may be found in the Bible. Children that attend school are called school children, the house in which they are kept is called a school house. The teacher is called a great many diierent things. If the student feels that these lessons are too dry they may be diluted in a glass of water if nothing more stimulating can be had. QUESTIONS FOR PREPARATION. 1. What do you think of the monkey theory? , 2. What do you know about it? 3. How do you account for the presence of children in primitive times? 4. Did any of your ancestors perish in their infancy? 5. How successful are the cannibals in dealing with the child problem? 6. How does their method compare in results with our own? 7. What is the noble function of the modern teacher? Write a ten page thesis on this subject. LESSON II. THE CHILD. Having found that the school was evolved to take charge of the child, our next step is to learn something about the child. ' I I The child is a remarkable creature. No other species of animal creat1on presents so many problems and difliculties to man, or rather to woman. To understand the child best, we must not regard him as simplya noisy, freckled, leggy biological, specimen but as a friendly and, in some ways, useful little creature, a bundle of possibilities, a poem in flesh and blood. When we say the child has uses we speak advisedly. In some Normal schools, children are a part of the equipment of the laboratory in which the prospective teachers practice and experiment. It is a well known fact that if there were no children there would soon be no school teachers, and sociologists declare that without children society would soon cease to exist. Thus we see that even the most commonplace of things have their uses. In this connection it is interesting to note that children have gone out of style in France as household pets, and those of us that are constantly looking abroad for something to ape are very prompt to follow the for- eign fashions. In most "up-to-date" American homes their place is now filled by Teddy bears, poodle dogs, monkeys, spiders, baby crocodiles, etc., which are prettier and less troublesome than children. When the child is born he is full of undeveloped possibilities which it is the duty of the teacher to unfold and develop. The child is primarily a motor creature. He loves to play such games as "Indian, " because it gives him an excuse to scalp his little playmates, and he loves to play marbles, because it sharpens and develops his shrewd twentieth century business instincts. CSee supplement? The child will also sometimes ight, if he can do so and show off at the same time. The sweet and happy innocence of childhood is a beautiful and poetic vision, but should not influence the teacher in his attitude toward the situation. The child is not his own master, through a wise dispensation of Provi- dence. Neither are his parents his sole masters, as might be at first supposed. The child is controlled to a great extent by two forms ofenergy, the internal or hereditary energies and the external energies called environment. The in- ternal or hereditary energies may be classed as follows: racial, national, parental and individual. These energies appear in the child in the form of certain characteristics. A good example of a racial hereditary characteristic is the nose. National hereditary characteristics are those inherited from the nation to which the individual belongs, such as Celtic red hair or the German tongue. Parental hereditary characteristics are those inherited from par- ents, such as bad grammar. Individual hereditary characteristics are those that the individual acquires for himself, as the chewing gum habit, burn- sides, and sometimes complexion. ' All these energies must be taken into account in dealing with the child, as he is the concentrated sum of all the oddities and peculiarities of all his ancestors, racial, nation, parental and individual. The outer or external energies that mold the life of the child are: the home, the school, the state, the church, society, and nature. Nature is not very important to the child. He uses it mostly to spend his vacation in, hunting, swimming, or bugging potatoes. The home is where the child eats and sleeps till he gets big enough to run away. The school is the place where the child is sent at an early age to keep him out of mischief and bad company. The state is what supports the school and pays the teacher. The church is where the child goes on Sundays to develop his morals and to sleep. Society is where the child puts in prac- tice the cussedness he has thought up in the other places. The period of childhood is very important, for it is a recoginized part of the life of every normal individual. Few people have ever reached ma- turity who have died in childhood. That, "the child is father to the man," is no joke, but a stern truth well known to modern philosophy, and on the individual's success as a child depends to a great extent his success as an adult. CSee supplementj SUGGESTIONS. Do not study this lesson too hard or too longg it may causeabrainstorm. When in doubt about the meaning of anything, consult the dictionary. Children in all sizes for experimental purposes may be had at any good home for foundlings. QUESTIONS FOR PREPARATION. 1. What were your hereditary characteristics as a child? 2. Are they still the same? . 3. If so, how old will you be next summer if you live? If you do not live? 4. Give your reasons for thinking so. LESSON III. THEORIES OF TEACHING. Before we come to the actual practice of teaching, there are a few theories which we should know, and it is the purpose of this lesson to discuss some of these more important theories. The fundamental theory upon which the modern science of pedagogy rests is that the child should not be required to do ,anything that he does not feel like doing. This theory sprang up because it was found that pupils did what they liked to do better than they did those things which did notin- terest them. The object of the modern teacher is so to present the work that, while the child is really doing what the teacher wants him to do, he thinks he is doing what he wanted to do all the time and didn't know it. To present the lesson thus properly requires great skill on the part of the teacher, for children are very shrewd in detecting the difference between what they want to do and what some one wants them to do, but this only adds zest to the sport. E To follow out this principle of pedagogy, one must know what children like to do, and here some more theories come in. As a supplement to the evolutionary theory, we have the recapitulation theory, which says that the child passes through the same stages of development that the race has passed through. This theory makes the child a diminutive wild man and explains many of its peculiarities. Thus the child will play truant to hunt and fish, because his ancestors hunted and fished in the dim beginning of time. The child loves to yell and beat tin pans because his savage ancestors used these methods to scare the wild animals out of the chicken coops. If the child shows a tendency to put tacks on the teacher's chair, or set the alarm clock for some inopportune time, it is because these crude antics were about the only form of amusement of primitive man. A If he turns a pocket-full of mice or a young snake loose in the school- room, it is simply his inherited love of adventure seeking expression. Even a child's name is often the same as that of his ancestors. CSee supplementj When we view the child in the glaring light of truth which this theory throws around him, we are filled with pity for him. He is not responsible for a thing he does, it is all due to his ancestors. and the worst of it is that each child has twice as many ancestors as either of his parents have. To trace the child through all the stages of his development from his birth to that tall gawky age when he reluctantly harvests the last of his milk teeth and feels the first pangs of calf love creep upon him, is a tedious task unsuited to this brief course. Therefore we leave this theory with this brief summary of the bare facts and let the student draw his own conclu- sions. CSee supplementj Another theory is that children do not think unless they have to. The child is primarily a motor creature. He is a victim of Dynamogenesis Cwhich is not as serious as it sounds and can be cured at homej. He loves all forms of work except head work. The obj ect of the teacher is to get the child to think, for that is what he will not do in the native state. Now the best way to get the child to think is to get him to doing something, and, while he is interested in what he is doing, he may be made to think a great deal without knowing it. If, for instance, the child is interested in throwing a bean bag at a ring on the floor, and the question is suddenly put, "How much is' two and two?" an answer will be given almost involuntary. iEven very small children have been known to answer this question correctly, showing the presence of thought. We have touched in this lesson only a few of the more fundamental theories of pedagogy, and have dealt with them in avery superficial manner, but with this beginning it is believed that a bright, enterprising teacher will soon learn all there is to know about it. - SUGGESTIONS. ' Be sure you have the theories well in mind before going on to the next lesson. - If these lessons have been of help to you so far, we should be greatly obliged if you would speak to your friend about the course. Do not hurry over the course. Remember, it is very much concentrated and condensed. Don't work the theory too hard in practice. QUESTIONS FOR PREPARATION. 1. In what stage of development are you? 2. What are the symptoms of the wonder period? Of the romantic? 3. Tell how you would motorize in arithmetic. V 4. What can you suggest for a mathematics laboratory? i LESSON IV. THE RECITATION. The recitation is the interesting part of the game. It is here that the ability of the teacher is tested to its utmost, and the teacher who can con- duct a recitation successfully need not fear about getting into Heaven. ' No' definite rules for conducting the recitation have yet been formulated, but a 'great many methods have been invented which help in the game greatly. However, a set of customs and traditions have grown up around the recitation till it has become as well regulated as any other form of sport. The recitation is conducted somewhat as follows: the teacher and pupils face each other, the teacher usually standing, the pupils sitting-. A desk or table may be placed between the teacher and the pupils to mark off the ter- ritory of each. The number of pupils is limited only by the size of the room and the skill of the teacher. The object of the teacher is to keep order, find out whether the pupil has studied his lesson, and make him think. The pupils must be as noisy and disorderly as possible without being put out of the game. They must try to conceal all they know, and they must not think. iConsult teacher's key.l Either side scores if it succeeds in making the other break any of these rules. The teacher being against heavy odds is allowed a text-book open before him so that he may always be on the aggressive. Some teachers conduct the recitation without a teXt-book but such experiments are hazard- ous and should never be tried by anyone but an expert. CSee supplementl The teacher has the right to call fouls on the pupil and even put him out of the game. CConsult teacher's key.j In the Normal school the game is us- ually refereed by a training teacher who decides whether the teacher or the pupils have won, but in the ordinary school the teacher and the pupils have to patch up some sort of compromise. In the old fashioned rules it was made a foul for the pupil to look anywhere but on his book, but it was found that this rule prevented open playing and did not give the little fellow 21 chance, so the rules have been changed. " Now as to the method of the recitation, the five formal steps of the recitation form the pedagogical ladder from which many a poor teacher has fallen and injured his professional reputation. The steps are the most slip- pery things in all pedagogy, but they all have pretty names. CConsult teacher's key.J -The steps are as follows: preparation, presentation, com- parison, generalization and application. The intelligent student will notice several coincidences about these words. First they all end in "on," though it probably true that most teachers are off rather than on the formal steps. They are all four syllabled words except one and all but one of them endin "tion," which is about the best advice on this subject we can leave the young teacher. There are many other methods which time has proved or disproved more or less successfully, but, as we promised in the beginning to make this course brief, we will stop here before we go any farther. CConsult teacher's key.D SUGGESTIONS. It is well to diet a short time before engaging in a recitation. Any technical terms in this lesson which the student does not understand can be found in "Spalding's Base Ball Guide." Caution-Do not take this lesson on an empty stomach.. The formal steps should be studied carefullyg they are Important. QUESTIONS Fon PREPARATION. 1. Do you use the Teacher's Key and SupDl9YT19Ut? 2. What do you think of them? 3. What is your favorite method of conducting the recitation? CThis question is asked to give the older teachers a chance to dispute the author.J 4. Did you ever try to climb the five formal steps? 5. Compare them with Capt. Kidd's method of execution. LESSON V. SoHooL MANAGEMENT. The matter of school discipline offers some very knotty problems, since the hickory switch went out of style. In these weak and effeminate times the teacher need not be an athlete to manage a school, but he must be a sort of moral contortionist if he would control the pupils, soothe the parents, and work the school board at the same time. He must always have a sort of spiritual oil can about, with which to calm the troubled seas when he tries any new-fangled notions on the school. These complications are due to the theory that the school is intended for the child rather than the teacher. In the good old days the teacher Was the chief attraction, but now it is the child, child, child, while the poor teacher is a back number, unless he happens to be a young and blushing schoolma'am. It has been suggested that the best way to manage a school is to win the love of the pupils. In some cases this will be found pretty hard to do, but modern pedagogy demands it, and we, who would be pedagogs, must bow our heads and obey. America is a cosmopolitan country and conse- quently we find in our schools not only American children Cincluding picka- ninniesj but young Mexicans, Germans, Russians, French, Polish, I-Iebrews, Italians, etc., which often tax the affections of the teacher sorely. It some- times takes weeks before these pupils will respond to the most ordinary affections, whether it is because they do not know the language, or for some other reason, science has not yet determined. CSee supplementl Always see that the children respect you whether they love you or not. For this reason it is better to be rather stiE and dignified and talk in a deep tone of voice, and show your pupils by your actions that you are made of a different stuff from themselves and that you know it. Do not let on that you ever did a natural act in your life. Make your recitations very formal and of equal length. CConsult Teacher's Key.l Do not smile or crack a joke for fear it might lower your dignity in their eyes. Outside the school treat your pupils with the utmost dignity, and at all times try to be a model of propriety to the rising generation. In this way you will at least win the fear of your pupils, which is very desirable. Try to act differently from every other human being on earth. This will show your individuality. Develop and cultivate some hobby, and if you wish to be regarded as especially profound, be very eccentric and acquire a few idiotic habits. Genius is a form of insanity. Have order and system. Measure your lessons so that they will occupy just the alotted time, neither more nor less. Permit no rambling or irreli- vant discussion. This is a waste of valuable time. Be able to know a week before just what you will be doing at twenty-seven minutes past ten Thurs- day morning. CConsult Teacher's Key.D Plan your work carefully. Know just what questions you will ask and if possible, know the answers. Only in this way will the child get any dis- ciplinary value from his school work. If you don't know anything, never let on, but smile serenely and look wise as long as you can and then ask the pupil to look that point up. Don't be discouraged because you don't'know anything. Many excellent teachers have made a reputation on the strength of their personality. A solemn countenance and a good bluff are as useful in teaching as in poker. Knowl- edge does not make a teacher. If, however, you find a pupil trying to get through on pure native abil- ity let him know at once that you don't like it, and give him so much to do that you can consistently "flunk" him. Acquire opinions and prejudices as soon as you can and stick to them for dear life. People will not regard you as a fool on account of them, but rather as a person of great strength of character. Criticize everything and everybody on all possible occasions, and be very chary of your words of gracious commendation. Nothing will make a teacher a power in a com- munity quicker than the following of the above methods. It is a law of human conduct that people will reverence what they cannot understand. The ancients worshiped the tumble bug. CConsult Teacher's Key.J A word as to how to approach a school board. If you write an applica- tion for a school, be sure to write every word according to Webster, don't use any reformed spelling. School boards are still a little suspicious of that. fSee supplementj If your spelling is correct, and you have begun with a capital and closed with a period you stand a fair chance of being en- gaged. rCLady teachers are cautioned not to misinterpret this statement? If you make your application in person, clean your finger nails and talk learnedly about concentric circles or the adolescent period, and the board will fall over itself to secure you before you get a bid from Columbia to take charge of its department of education. To sum up the thoughts in this lesson, I should advise the young teacher as follows: Be strict, be dignified, be formal, be queer, be critical and be intelligent-in appearance at least-and if you can do all these and still love and be loved by the child you will have no trouble in managing a school. A SUGGESTIONS. Study this lesson when you have time enough to think. Don't take the thoughts in this lesson too much to heart. A great many people may have the same faults that you have. If you find your brain giving way under the immense strain of master- ing this course, eat a very light breakfast of saw-dust. Sample packages may be had by writing to Battle Creek, Michigan. A QUESTIONS FOR PREPARATION. 1. Are you of a loving disposition? 2. Is this a sure sign that you would be a good teacher? 3. I-Iow have very affectionate teachers of your acquaintance usually turned out? 4. How would you cultivate a hobby? 5. Do you find the Teacher's Key helpful? LESSON VI. THE FUNCTION OF THE ScHooL. When the child is born, it is one of the most helpless of creatures. It is in the sinless period of life. Many men who would confess to having once been born might hesitate to believe the last statement. Yet it is true. The child is incapable of sinning at this age, yet he is full of possibilities which only need development and training. For a short time, however, he is entirely at the mercy of the world and needs protection till he gets old enough to "make a living". Providence was especially wise when he made each mother think her child the prettiest and nicest baby in the world. Many babies would otherwise be regarded as not worth keeping. As it is, every individual is regarded as handsome by at least two persons, his mother and-herself. The mother begins to lose her hold on the boy soon after he dons trous- ers. His sinless stage is now over and he is ready to learn how to make a living. The intricate and complex systems by which men make a living must all be taught to the child. This is the function of the school. Our child must now begin to learn the serious work of life, that of amassing wealth, either for himself or someone else. In this noble work the school has been singularly successful, and the glorious vindication of the school lies in the fact that nearly all of our great "captains of industry" have at least a primary school education. A word as to the process by which the school develops the powers of the child. When the child is born, he gives no promise of the greatness that awaits him. His mother does that. He is simply a bundle of undeveloped possibilities, a song of immortality-and he looks it. The most important organ of the child at birth is the head, not the mouth as at first supposed, for the head contains the child's apperceptive mass. This apperceptive mass is carried through life by the child, but many individuals go through life without realizing that they possess this priceless gift. After nature has crowned the bald and uninteresting infantile appercep- tive mass with hair, teeth and freckles, the child is turned over to' the school for further development. The school takes the child in this raw state and after subjecting him to all kinds of systematic torture for about 'twenty years, turns out a finished product wearing spectacles and gold teeth, who usually tries at first to be a journalist or a foot-ball coach, and, failing here, finally settles down to business. CConsult Teacher's Key.D The process is called the enlarging of the apperceptive mass. Too great an enlargement of the apperceptive mass is a disease and requires special treatment the same as corns. The teacher is the person whose duty is to properly enlarge the child's apperceptive mass. There are many different kinds of teachers, but they may all be divided into two great classes, male and female. You may think this statement rather strong, yet it is borne out by science. Science has proved that a distinct gender for teachers does not exist. We realize the shower of criticism which will probably fall upon us for upholding this the- ory, yet it is perfectly in accordance with the latest scientific thought, and therefore we fearlessly insert it in this course without a cent of extra charge to our patrons. The task of properly enlarging the child's apperceptive mass is rather disagreeable, especially when we reflect that the teacher must take any kind of an apperceptive mass left the child by a long string of no-telling-what- kind of ancestors, and develop it into something which will not belie the name that the fond parents have bestowed upon their innocent oispring. We daily meet examples of bad teaching. The teacher gets the blame when the child does not turn out to be a second Abraham Lincoln, and, if he does, the credit goes to his mother. Did she not rock him to sleep in his baby- hood, and teach him to lisp his first, and last, prayer at her knee? Yet the teacher must not despair. He may not be appreciated, he may have enemies where he should have friends, he may have to wait till he gets to heaven before he will get anything like his just rewardg yet the immense power for good which he is, and the tremendous influence which he wields on the future of civilization should keep him staunch and steadfast to his grand calling. Besides, there is always a possibility of getting married. There is no reason why the teacher should not get a little enjoyment out of life the same as any other person, so long as he can hope and aspire. He can always feel that his hands and mind are in a great measure molding the future of the human race, and his work will go rolling and vibrating with mighty power down the awful vale of time we call eternity. SUGGESTIONS. This is the last lesson of the course. Do not review. Don't take this course too seriously. We do not claim to be infallible. Please do not go around telling people that we made fun of your mother. Do not try to get a first grade certificate the first thing on the strength of this course. No diploma is given with the regular course. An extra fee is charged for it. Simply tellupeople you have taken the course. Its reputation will sustain you. Our graduates are filling responsible positions all over the country. Write for free booklet describing our methods of training teachers. QUESTIONS FOR PREPARATION. 1. Is your health good? 2. Has this course helped it any? 3. Do you feel better equipped to teach than formerly? 4. Are you glad you took the course? 5. Aren't you glad you are through? SUPPLEMENT. LESSON I. 1. Aside from the scuffed and battered appearance of most of the early cave furniture, a prehistoric stone nursing bottle was lately found in a cave in France, and not long ago a box of primitive baby food was unearthed among some kitchen middens in Denmark, proving conclusively the presence of children. 2. The Chinese also claim this honor, claiming to have records of schools as early as 1751, B. C. However, as it would do them no good if they had it we may as well keep it. 3. Our Puritan ancestors were great lovers of the rod, and fed it to their children along with their salted codfish. It is said they could never have stood the New England climate without this preparation in their youth. LESSON II. 1. For a long time it was supposed that the child played marbles for fun, but close study proved that he has a deeper motive back of his love for the game. He is training himself to become a millionaire, and the eiects of this training are evident when we reflect that almost all of our million- aires got their start playing marbles or something equally helpful in devel- oping the moral nature so that it would stretch to the fullest extent. 2. This is strikingly true of those children that have died or become crippled on the road to maturity. They are rarely successful as adults. LESSON III. 1. Cases where children have retained the family name are quite com- mon, especially in the more conservative eastern states. A striking fact is that men often retain the family name through life, while women usually change it somewhere between the sixteenth and twenty-sixth years. In drawing conclusions it is well to remember that it is an entirely dif- ferent process from jumping at them. Drawing is an art, while jumping is merely a form of exercise. LESSON IV. 1. We once knew a young man who tried to conduct a recitation without a text-book, but was scored on so often that his reason became dethroned and he died in a padded cell surrounded by text-books. LESSON V. 1. California offers a good example of some of the tough propositions that occasionally come to school in this great land of free education. To ask the sweet young teacher to love and cherish a class of Jap children ranging in age between nineteen and forty-five years is certainly expecting a good deal for the money. 2. The trouble with the reformed spelling is that it is too new. Most school boards were brought up on the old style of spelling, and when they run across the reformed spelling in an application they think that either the applicant doesn't know how to spell or is trying to joke with them. In either case it is fatal to the applicant. TEACHER'S KEY. We have been worrying all along about how we should fittingly close this course in Pedagogy. As a last resort we consulted a friend. He sug- gested that we add a sort of a tail piece telling our students that this closes the course of study and thanking them for the pleasures we have had with them. When we asked what we should call it he remarked that "Teacher's Key" was a pretty name and would also help the sale of the work. Rely- ing implicitly on our friend's advice we have done as he suggested, and after thanking our students for their kind patronage and hoping that they have found the work of some value, we remain, Gratefully yours, ' THE AUTHOR. Gbe Ziragic Gllash 1fBetween llbrimitive llmpulses ano flbobern Giulture. For a great many years the child, in his natural tendencies and charac- teristics, has been studied and meditated upon. But of all the numerous books that have been written upon this subject, not one seems fully to depict the real meaning of the child life. We need a Shakespeare for childhood, who will interpret justly the child nature and experiences. Many people have believed and do still believe that a child is a miniature adultg that all that is necessary is a growing larger, rather than a develop- ment, to make him a grown and perfect individual. Some books have been written which are based upon this idea. A notable example is the set of "Elsie Dinsmore" books, in which a very young girl is portrayed as thinking, acting, and having the same ideals as a grown person, and as possessing a wonderfully vigorous will to back her remarkable ideas. Again, poetic and imaginative people have conceived the child to be a fairy being. They believed him to be a creature without cares or responsi- bilities, with nothing to do but to enjoy himself and to accept whatever comes to him in a happy, irresponsible way. To one who does not consider how very real and vital to the child his whole environment is, the laughing eyes with their expression of innocence, the dimpled hands, and graceful movements of a baby would tend to confirm this opinion. This idea has also found expression in books. A familiar example is a book entitled "Emmy Lou" by G. M. Martin. It is a story of a child who merely exists in a world. She attends school and has her troubles, and joys, anda home which cares for her. Yet in all this she is acted upon, things happen to her, in- stead of her being one of the most energetic actors herself and making things happen all around her. It would be an uninteresting world indeed if all of one's troubles were thought out and remedied by some one else. Children possess something of the native barbarity of man, which is partly hidden by modern civilization. His cruelty to animals and insects, his love of bright colors, his frankness, curiosity, voracity, his desire always to approach anything at first by its attractive aspect, all prove this law. From the culture-epoch theory we learn that as the race has past through certain stages in its development, so must the child pass through these same stages. In other words, he, beginning as a small savage with little or no experience or knowledge back of him, must go through in less than a hun- dred years what it took his ancestors a thousand years to accomplish. If this be true, the child is a very tragic being indeed. For must there not in his life be conflicts between his primitive if not savage instincts and the modern forces of our twentieth century civilization? Believing him then to be a small savage, with all of the traits and in- stincts of his most primitive ancestors, let us consider how these are acted upon by modern and civilized ideas. For convenience we have arranged a few of these "conflicts" into a series of "scenes" taken from different stages of the child's life. SCENE I. . A baby nine months old lies in a warm and comfortable place on the bed. Both his hands and his feet are waving spasmodically in the air, while soft gurgles of happiness and comfort assure the mother in the adjoining room that all is well. Suddenly he hears the pleasantest sound imaginable. Right close it is, too. His feet grow more calm and his hands reach frantically to grasp the noise. Soon he feels a furry thing, just big enough for his hands to compass, brushing his palms. Immediately his hands close, and the more the live thing tries to get away, the tighter he squeezes. While howls of pain come from the cat howls of delight come from the baby, until kitty puts her claws to use. Whereupon baby cries with the pain, and the horrified mother, after separating baby and kitten, endeavors by cuddles and soft scoldings to re- prove him for Hpulling poor kitty's tail. " SCENE II. It is Christmas time and three-year-old Elizabeth has just received a new box of paints of different colors. "Aren't they pretty," says Uncle John. "Here is a pretty one," says grandma, pointing to the yellow. "Which one do you like best, Elizabeth? " "This one," says Elizabeth, putting her finger on the red, and to her de- light mother agrees that this is the prettiest one. This same afternoon mother has friends Come to call, and she tells Elizabeth to amuse herself painting on the kitchen table. For iifteen minutes Elizabeth is happy, painting red blotches intended to represent people that she knows. Grandma must have a chair and a foot stool. Aren't they pretty in that beautiful color? Why aren't all chairs and, in fact, all furniture of this beautiful Color? Mother would like all her chairs and tables like this. "Mother's in the parlor. I'll paint her bed room furniture all pretty and surprise her," she determines. Immediately gathering necessities she steals through the hall into the bedroom and settles down to work. When mother's friends leave two hours later, and she comes to find Elizabeth, she is amazed to see her small daughter sitting in the center of the guest room floor, paint box in one hand and brush in the other, admiring a bird's eye maple chair and dresser painted a bright red. "Aren't they be-eyu-tiful" she cries, waving her brush. "I painted them for you." And mother of course says, "yes" SCENE III. Life at times seems very lonely when one is but five years old and lives in the country and all one's brothers have gone to school. So it seems to Johnny, who sits gazing mournfully out of the front window. Suddenly his gaze brightens. There's abuggy-yes-it is the preacher's buggy, and it stops. That's the man whom for a week he has been longing to see. He rushes to the door and ushers in the tall, lank, green-spectacled, country preacher. When they are safely in the parlor, he carefully closes the door, and, standing squarely in front of the preacher, looks him over from head to foot. At last he heaves a great sigh of relief and satisfaction. "Well, I think you do." "Do what?" "I really don't think you need to worry, 'cause you donit show it any- way." "What are you driving at, young man? " "Whye-e, Pa said last Sunday after church that you didn't look as if you had a lick of sense and that since you preached that sermon on evolution, he was sure of it, and I just didn't see what he meant and so-why-ma'll be here in a minute! " But the preacher was gone when she came. SCENE IV. It is New Year's day and preparations for a fashionable dinner with out-of-town guests are completed. Johnny, aged seven, has been coached for a month upon the solemnity of the occasion and upon the necessity of his watching his older brother and doing as he does. At last dinner is served, and Johnny, by gazing at his brother and steal- ing a bite now and then, manages to get through the first half of the meal without disgracipg himself. At dessert he takes only one piece of cake, and that the one nearest him. He refrains from asking for more ice-cream. When the fruit. is started he is happy. O, those beautiful red apples! Apples are his favorite fruit. Will they come this way, or go clear round the other side Hrst? No, here they come. "I see the one I want," he thinks. Cruel fate! some one else takes it. Ah! there's a nice one. Eureka! .it's here! And he reaches across to the other side of the dish to seize an apple only to discover one underneath far redder and so much larger that he drops the first and seizes the second. Johnny sinks into happy oblivion behind his big apple, all unconscious of the shocked and dismayed faces around him, while the water from his glass, which theiflrst apple in its flight had overturned, trickles ominously, and causes the guest next him to move uncomfortably. i SCENE V. At the age of twelve Johnny falls in love. That is not his name for the calamity, but nevertheless 'tis true. His affinity is a rosy faced, golden haired damsel, who is daintiness per- sonified. But she deigns not a glance at the savage beast who is continually fighting and who discracefully comes to school with dirty hands and un- combed hair. Up to this time life to Johnny has been all mockery. What is the use of coming to this structure of brick and clay and sitting in a close room all day, trying to find out what makes the earth go round, or something equally non- senscial which he doesn't care anything about. Why can't he go out and hunt bears or kill buffalo? Now J ohnny's main object in life is to win a smile from the fair maiden. While running to and from school his mind is bent on this great purpose. What can hedo to please her most? What would she like to have him do? Ah, yes, girls are fond of birds. Plumage! That is his inspiration. For a week after school hours Johnny lives in the woods. ' Every bird of any size that comes within his sight is sacrificed for her, the inspiration of his affections. At last he seems satisfied with his captures. Solemnly and secretly he carries the bundle of martyred birds in a rude package to school. Proudly he walks to his love and wildly thrusts his precious package into her hands. He turns away, unable to watch her open it, expectantly awaiting that great cry of joy and admiration of which he has so long dreamed. "Oh! How dreadful! You cruel boy! How could you do it! Oh, the poor little birds," and she breaks down sobbing. Johnny stares in amazement. What could it mean? Why does everyone look at him so oddly? Have his labors all been for naught? He wildly breaks loose from his playmates andruns to throw himself upon the ground some blocks distant, where he sobs out his great grief and rage at not being understood. Q. R' 1 S436 b . ., . F . , Q W i V .A, " 5 '5 .N ,,., ,X is I. 3 , Q ' -.ms . xg ,,,.A:- 5 , - ,J 'f -Q ' e - agsgx .- 2. - , ..x',f ' - A. , f '-'- V-aj Cs". S, I t , K . , In X 'f 'K Ilz, ' ' 1" - " Hi' M 1 kx, N' 1 A VQ'Q 1 ., . .. Rf' . ,- M f ,. 2652-'H ' 'L 'K bf '- COOKING DEPARTMENT-From left to right. Top-Grace Moore, Edna, Ingersoll, Rosella. Cline, Anna Rae, Daisy Wengen Middle-Mary Livsey, Stel1a,Kuhn1ey, Miss Wilkinson, Irmagard Harris, Miss Ladd Bottom-Margaret Long, Helen Smith, Bernice Kingwill, Theresa Baller ! A ' 1 Y s 1 ' ' 'N' ' AX 1 fllbanual Graining The function of this department in the school is to give a course which will afford the child a natural avenue for the expression of ideas occurring in any of his fields of observation. While the child is in the primary grades his constructive work is con- nected with and grows out of his activities at home, at play, or in the school. As in his earlier years, the constructive work is connected with play, so in later years when the play broadens and develops into more serious investi- gation and experiment with the forces of nature, the constructive work takes the form of experimental apparatus, interesting devices, and ' 'home hobbies. " Throughout the entire course household conveniences and objects of beauty for the home and the school find a place in constructive work. These objects are not only of use, but their use is seen and appreciated by the child. Care is taken to have them within the child's constructive ability, but at the same time there is just enough of a demand for effort on his part to make them valuable and still within his power of accomplishment. Skill of hand as an educational means is unceasingly cultivated. The cultivation of such skill does not demand the following of a rigid course of instruction: the end may be accomplished better, by a flexible course which adapts itself to individual interests and tastes, and is surer of calling forth the pupil's best efforts. ' The manual training course is organized and formulated with reference to fundamental subject-matter elements within itself, not primarily with reference to the subject-matter of some other kind of schoolwork. Cor- relation with other subjects comes through natural, not artificial, points of contact or over-lappings of subject matter, or through the medium of the social life of the children. One branch of work is never sacrificed for the other, but we are ever ready to make use of every natural and reasonable opportunity to allow one subject to assist or illuminate another. In order to fulfil its function in co-ordination, manual training should be continuous from the kindergarten through the universityg to rightly stimu- late creativeness it should deal with things useful and beautifulg to fulfil its culture function it must be in touch with the pupil's life interests, immedi- ate and remoteg to have a good influence upon character, it must stick to honesty and truth. Finally manual training carefully adjusted will give a mental reaction that is ethical, bring about a definite largeness of life, and approach nearer to complete living. . M. FLORENCE MARRON. 1Retrospection In a mood for retrospection In a calm, collected way, If you offer no objection, Some few things I wish to say With relation to our Normal Which, I'm sure. you'll all agree As a topic of discussion Should be treated earnestly. Many statements, or misstatements, We have heard about our school From an atmospheric stand point, Which is anything but cool. As an ':Old-maid-kindergarten" We're occasionally knowng This and similar sarcasms Quite accustomed to, we've grown. Now the Jester may be licensed, Like the Poet and the Fool, To malign an institution Like our "Greeley Normal School. " And perhaps the younger brother Had a motive good and pure When he said, "'Why Mary's gone To take the farefamed "Greeley-cure Now I've wondered as I've pondered On the younger brother's fling, Whether, really as a nomer, This is not the proper thing. For the ordinary Mary Will be cured, it seems to me, Of the very common notion That her name is spelled "I. T." She'll be cured of many fancies- Which she thought had come to stay, So you'll hardly know your Mary When it's time to go away. For her fever of assumption Will be down to normal sureg She'll return to you quite :modest When she takes the Greeley Cure' Your sluggish pulse, Ambition Will receive an impetus, Which will rouse you, Dear Miss Mary, In a way quite marvelous. And when your work's indeed begun And problems vexed appear, How often will your thoughts revert To treasures garnered here, And often as you press along Your upward, proud career, Your heart will thrill with longing To be back among us here. ADA TUPPER. I 1.-1 V s'-r f "3fr?'f5-iE'f:5L:fff 5325? : . -. any ,, SENIOR KINDERGARTENERS-Prescott Forbush Donaldson Wolfe Force Vanatta Faris Bacharach Linn Marx Warner Cannell Lapham. 1Rinoergarten 0 009 WT? More than a hundred years ago a lonely-hearted German youth wan- dered in the Thuringian forest-baffled and bewildered with the seeming cruelties and contradictions which every aspect of life revealed to him. A will rose in the hedgeside whispered to him the first word of purpose and futurityg it breathed the promise of unfolding life and sustaining law. Later, when Froebel sought the key to the social and educational problems of his day, he found their solution in the unspoiled nature of the child, who, like the wild rose of Thuringia, spoke of the life which shall yet be in the human realization of divinity. As nature's processes were harmonized for him in the secret of the rose, so did the child harmonize God and man, and serve as the keystone in the structure of society. At the head of this page is a cut of the pin worn by graduates of the kindergarten course in our Normal school. Each device it bears has such symbolic meaning that an explanation may serve to briefly set forth the purpose of the kindergarten. The wild rose in the center of the pin is a constant symbol of the prec- iousness of childhood and the joyous growth to which it lays claim. In the child, the past and the future are come, together, in him is the seed of progress and the promise of immortality. As the seed gains significance to the work of the root, stem, and leaf-so does infancy give meaning to the human activity-bringing, as it does, the lovely and the altruistic out of the cruelty and strife of primitive individualism. The equilateral triangle typifies the harmonious development which Froebel would secure to the child on all the three sides of his nature g a keen response to all the beauty of the natural world g a rich, human personality- vigorous, complex, and responsiveg and a truly religious inner life, of hope- fulness and trust and of faith in human divinity. The three phases of human activity are hinted in the letter "H," to be found at each angle of triangle. Head, heart, and hand must cooperate in every normal experience. Knowing is based on feeling and will. To thrill to emotion and to execute with the joy of the creativeartist are prerequisite to the clearest, most penetrative understanding. And finally, the enclosing circle reminds us of Froebel's statement of the ultimate, universal law of unity. It symbolizes continuity and per- fection of development, both racial and individual. It implies necessary unity of purpose and method, it bears upon the curriculum, the learning process, and school organization. At the center, the flower-like unto the child who shall grow from within in a "serene, unimpeded development", at the circumference-univen sal law and the social whole in which his life must find its meaning. The most perfect individuality makes for the most complete unity as infinite points of direction blend to make the continuous curve of the enclosing circle of the pin. Z - - , I 55,3 Z 1 5 Z 5 ir QP 4 1 'Q 1" 2 2 .f 94,5 9 - - 'A ,N : ,if N 5' f- X 'N 1 4-1 J '- 5 ' l Q' ' " -,f -N -1' 552 A U-1 '-I '- I x.. -N77 xv' , Z, S14 .fd X-'if' I f! 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P, r l i Mk, it is wr' ' f' '1"'2:?1!rvSr'faf' '-1's::'2fz"'rf"'A"r- all i ff i ' 144 Wi 'IWVWPTM4 'fir 3 -. XAIHI ,, X ,A--Lx 4-,xi :lil 1 swf av. P - EXQI.-uxg .151 ,I ,JJ lt rf-rf ', HW -if lawn X If El ea ' ' fbi? ,wi l in W ,i N6 it ttf lil l 1 - 24' 129.-,,fvl"1 mm ggigxfl , 'xpztffl gk - In liill-f filj 1 wx Wx LLB ya EES In a day when so much is being said and written of music, ,when so great stress is being laid upon its social standing in our curricula, it is not necessary to prelude an article on the pedagogy of the subject with reasons for its being taught. We are all convinced of its need in the child's life, but too often the name "Music" is taken in vain and things which are a veritable insult to the soul of a musician, are given to children. How many patrons of the average school ever stop to think that the teacher of music has any other mission in the world but that of teaching her pupils to sing the songs, more or less diflicult as the case may be, which she chooses for them to learn. How many of them think of music as more than a pleasant form of entertainment? The teacher of the newer school realizes that her, duty is more than this. She knows that her pupils' power of discrimination in, and valuation of, musical ,art is being formed and that she, thru their schbol mus- ical surroundings, has the formative process in her hands. Just asf a taste for dime novels is ,developed by reading trashy stories, so is a degraded taste in music fostered by the use of sensuous music, or even worse, of utterly feelingless or meaningless ditties. Dr. Stanley Hall, a physchologist, not a musician, said in a recent address: "In a day when physchologists are realizing with one accord that the feelings are vaster than the intellect and will and are more important for health and sanity, it is clear that music teachers are charged' with the custody of the hygiene of the emotional life. Do you sufficiently realize that poor music may enfeeble, corrupt, seduce, degrade, let loose, the worst things in the soul, that it may bring neures- thenia, loss of control, neurotic instability, pollute the very springs of life, as well as degrade taste to tawdriness and puerility, while, on the other hand, good music may almost create virtue and tune the heart to all that is good, beautiful and true, bring poise, courage, enthusiasm, joy to lilfe, tone up weakness, and cadence the soul to religion and morals?" A "But," one may say, "How can such appreciation of the right kind of music be taught a child? The masterpieces are beyond his powerof pro- duction." Altho there may be some discussion of this point, let us for the moment grant it to be true. There is yet left the music of the piano and the violin now heard in almost every school. Since we are firm believers in the physchological value of music, the foundation for that vague, undefined feeling for the best and most beautiful in music may be given to children, by older performers upon these instruments. We see, then, how even, if unable to reproduce such music themselves, children may nevertheless be brought under the influence of the noblest in that art. But now, to go back to our point of discussion, we believe that by means of the skillful instruction, melodies from the masters are within range of the child. Abundant proof of this cannot be had in such perfection as in the schools of England, but even in our own school, 'the truth of the statement has been demonstrated many times. The most recent, perhaps, and by far the most perfect-altho given by somewhat older pupils-was the presenta- tion of the operetta "Cinderella" by the High School. Many of these pupils have had but a short period of musical instruction, but such difficulties were met and overcome by the method of instruction until success was the result. In the chorus work done by the Normal School proper, the same diffi- culties have presented themselves, but by means of the methods used, work which otherwise could not have been attempted, has attained a rea- sonable degree of success, while by persistent practice for tone and not for amount of noise, wonders have been wrought for people who had never before thought that they could sing a note. In itsfew public presen- tations this year, the chorus has shown results whichsp eakfor its able instruction as well as for its capable work. A recent visitor toour school, himself, a musician of no small repute, after spending several days in observing the musical work of the whole institution, said that he had never, in hisexperience thruout this country, seen such competent work being done for a Normal School, that if such meah.ods could be used in all our Normals a few years would bring such a change in musical productions as would astonish us. Then, let us, who have these advantages do our part in bringing about such an ideal state of affairs. f -- THE NORMAL CHORUS. E, . w 1 1 N KWSN N N xg In 'lflll p f ag, "' WW it X X Q , Q fe zz if I VW W g 7116 fl F Z' Z ff! 5, 'f if ---- Wet' 'im Z ffiwwh.. aww X f I 77 45 X4 ,f . R X ' ' A ' ' A j '14 '-tiff 1 W -Q1 5 Q f A J-1 fx 2 Z ' V X " l ., In X -Q , ff N ov ' I ' ' z f , ' , f- - Eg: vi ds' ' 1 -gf 'if .15 J., fx K e - --- f W- f - f f . Vai - ,f 5- f if ff 4' I 17 'f T 7 -f ' f CK, ' ff ' . 'I .. . 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NU X If THE nn.,-AA Eramatics A "O there be playersthat I have seen play, and heard others praise, and that highly, not to speak profanely, that neither having the accent of christian, pagan, nor man, have so strutted and bellowed that I have thought some of nature's journeymen had made men and not made them well, they imitated humanity so abominablyf' "We do not attempt to produce professional actresses," said a member of the faculty. Our aim is not to present a play that will draw crowds and money, but to give a production that will say, "we have been living in the poet's thoughts for the past few months earnestly and sympathetically, and this rendering of the text conveys our understanding of the poet's meaning. ' ' Owing to lack of time, no dramatic selections were given until this spring. The selections made are from "King Reve's Daughter," "Cran- ford", and "The Little Minister". "King Reve's Daughter" is a Danish lyrical drama, written by Hen- drick Hertz. ' CAST OF CHARACTERS. King Reve of Provence .... .... .... .... ......... Count Tristan of Vandemont .... . . . . . Sir Geoffrey of Orange. . 3 . . . . . . . S1rAlmer1k........ .... Ebu Jubia, a Moorish physician ..... Bertrand .... .... ...... Martha, Bertrand's wife .... .... . . . .Miss Bruns Miss Cleverly . .Miss Moore . . .Miss Frye . . . .Miss Cumley Miss Johnson Miss Hubbell "The Ladies of Cranford" is a dramatization of 'Mrs. Haskell's little classic, which gives a picture of life in an English village in 1850. Iolanthe .... ............ CAsT OF CHARACTERS. Miss Matilda J enkyns .... ................ .... ................ M 1 s s Statler Miss Mary .... Miss Jessie. . . . Miss Pole .... . Miss Barber .... .... .... .... Mrs. Forrester.... .... The Honorable Mrs. Jamison.. .. . . . . Martha .... . .... . . ........ . . . .. .. Miss Linn . . .Miss Knapp . . .Miss Daniels Miss Alexander . . . .Miss Emery .Miss Bacharach . . . . .Miss Stern Peggy .... ........................,....... . . .. . .... Miss Hubbell Mrs. Burkis. ...,.,.... .... ........ .... .,...... . .... . . . . .. . .Miss Sheldon SCENES FROM "THE LITTLE MINISTER". 1. In Nannie's Cottage. 2. In the Woods. The Doctor ............ .... .... M r . Brainard Gavin Dishart .... . . . ...... . . . Mr. Kyle Nannie. ...,....,......... .... . .... . .... .............. . . . . .Miss Gammon Bobbie.. . ...... . .... ............ . . .......... .... .....--. . . Miss Malloby Unfortunately, the Annual goes to press to early too comment on the success of these dramatizations. The class of '07 crowned its commencement program with laurels by the admirable presentation of Rostrand's "Cyrano de Bergerac". The departure for the first time from the established custom of presenting a Shakespearean play Was the result of the class' study of and interest in the modern drama. The brilliant "heroic comedy" selected was interpreted with discernment and spirit by the cast of one hundred and six members. From the rising to the falling of the curtain each act commanded greater plaudits. Charlotte Augur, in the role of Cyrano, surprised her most enthusiastic admirers by her vital, intensive response to this character, and With few exceptions was Well supported. The scenic effects very greatly assisted the romantic feel- ing of the players. On the Whole, the class members were Well repaid for their efforts. The class of '08 followed the example set by its predecessors, and pre- sented for its finale the modern play, "Joanne d'Arc", Written by Percy McKaye. For the same reason mentioned before comment on the merits of the production cannot be given. The cast was as follows: AT DOMREMY Jacques d'Arc, father of Jeanne .... .... .... ........ .... .... . . . M i ss Bruns Pierre d'Arc, brother of Jeanne Ccourting Mengettej . ...... ..... M iss Linn Seigneur Pierre de Bourlement, proprietor of the Ladies' Tree. .Miss Knapp Colin Ccourting J eanneb .... ................ .... .... . . . . ....... Miss Sopp Pasquerel, St. Augustine friar, J eanne's confessor .... .. .... Miss Moore Pigachon, Franciscan friar .... .... .... . .......... . .... ...... M i s s Deitrich Master Sequin, Dominican of Portiers. Brother Richard, a mendicant friar. Louis de Contes, Jeanne's page, a boy .... .... ....... M i ss Nellie Thompson Pierre Canchon, Bishop of Beauvais .... . .... .... . .Miss Cumley Nicholas Loiseleur, of the Inquisition . .. . . ........ Miss Geiger Flavy, Governor of Compiegne. .... .... ..... M 1 ss Dawson A Tailor. ...... . ........ .... . . .. . .Miss Sumnicht A Bootmaker .... ............ . . . John Gris, an English gentleman ...... Adam Goodspeed, an English yeoman.. . . . . . .. .Miss Sperry . . . .Miss Brainard An English Herald. . . . .... .... .... .... .... ..... M i s s P orter gatherine de La Rochellel Ladies of King . . .... Miss Tupper iane .. . ...... .... . , .. Charles, Court ........ . ..... Miss Brake Athe1ne.... ...... .... . I .... . ...l.. .....Miss Bell Miss Lawler Miss McGowan Other Ladies of the Court ...... .... .... M i ss Gaines Miss Kingwill Miss Barmettler Miss Floyd AT ROUEN COnlyJ Brother Martin Ladvenn, a monk .... ..., ..., . . . . . .... Miss Feiertag Captain of English guard. .....,... . .... . .. .... ..Miss Delling First guard .... . ...... . . . . Miss Fry Second guard, . . . . ...... Miss Blair Third guard .... ....... .,... M i ss Soister I Voice of the judge's clerk.. .. .. . ..,.... . . .,.. . .....,... Miss Martin Gerard Cbetrothed to Hawviettej . ,.,....... . . ,......... Miss Philips Gerardin CBurgundian, courting Isabellettel .... .... . Miss Stark Perrin, bell ringer of Domremy .... . ....... . Jeanne d'Arc, the maid .,.. . . . ........ . . . Hawviette, her girlfriend ..... .. . .Miss Wasley .. ..Miss Gammon .. ...Miss O'Boyle Isabellette, a peasant girl ...... .... ...... . ............ .... . . M iss Purdy Mengette, a peasant girl. ........ .....................l..... M iss Benning Other peasants-Misses Dale, Desmond, Desjardin, Coughlin, Haney, Bacharach. St. Michael St. Margaret St. Catherine Ladies of Lorraine Miss Helen Smith Miss Mallonie Miss May Murray Miss Miner Miss West Miss Clark Miss Twomey Miss Lapham Miss Wills IN FRANCE Charles VH, King of France. .... . . ....., . . . Jean, duc d'Alencon, his cousin ,... .... . . Seigneur de la Tremonville, his favorite. ..... . Regnault de Chartres, Archbishop of Reims. . . Rene de Bouligny, Receiver General of France .... . Vendome, the King's chamberlain. .,........ . Dunois, French Commander at Orleans .... . . MarshallaHire..-.. .......... .......... . Jean de Metz, of J eanne's escort to the King .... Bertrand de Poulagny, of the same. . , . . . . . . . . . X -.Miss Frances Doull .... . . ...Miss Malloby . . . .. .Miss Cleverly . . . .. . . . ..Miss Alexander . . . . .Miss Thoberg . . . ......... Miss Dixon . . . . Miss Grace Wilson . ...... .Miss Carter ......Miss Emory . . . . .Miss Robison long Elgo in flfairxglano fSCENE-A barren plain. Enter a group of fairies, dancing and singingzj Happy, happy Wood sprites, Dancing all day long, Woodland elves, fairies bright, We make the Woods echo With song. Woodland fairies are We, We make a pretty sight, And We have come to see These sunbeams so bright. Dancing, dancing Wood sprites Dancing gaily all day long, Woodland elves, fairies bright, We make the Woods echo With song. Never have time for dreaming, But busy all the time, lVIoonlight's With us beaming, Dance thru every clime. FIRST FAIRY- Oh, What a fair level country-M The most pleasant We've found on our Way, Shall We try to color it With verdure ' This plain to greet the Queen o' the May? SECOND FAIRY- ' The birds need a shelter for nesting, The soil must have moisture 5 so then Let us deck the Whole country With greenwood To prepare for the coming of men. CPut up their hands and look to the right of stage Where theylusee theirufqueen advancingj ALL-Our Queen! THIRD FAIRYH Her advice will We cherish, Let us ask for her knowledge so rare, For she is far Wiser than We are, Her thought she gladly Will share. CEnter queen and followers. Third fairy ap- proaches queen and tells her of their Wish to bring trees. The rest sing.j ' 1. Beautiful queen of the fairies Dancing with us today, We do most joyfully greet you And Wish you to join in our play. CHoRUs- We are your fairies, happy and gay, Sweet as the flowers, charming they say. 2. We will do all that we can To help you be happy alwayg And strive every way to assist you To bring the bright, beautiful May. QUEEN-Speaking to all- Dear fairies, your request shall be grantedg I'll call up the dryads, so we May be able to judge which is iittest To cover our barren countree. CShe summons the wood-nymphs with a wave of the wand. They come dancing in, singing. Make obeisance to the queen.J Queen- Kind wood-nymphs, your presence we've summoned To explain to us all that you need To live in this dry, sandy country, Speak out and your answer we'll heed. OAK TREE- In time I grow to be grander Than others of whom I could tell, Just give to me plenty of moisture And rich soil-then here I will dwell. Two OTHER TREES- With these conditions we also could flourish And make this plain charming to see. , QUEEN- But we could not furnish much moisture Come, speak out, some other tree. fThey withdraw from stage.D FRUIT TREES- We need the long, warm summers For our blossoms to mature into fruit. QUEEN- ' These conditions we cannot grant you, So, fruit trees, you will not suit. CThey withdrawl PALM TREE- My leaves are the best that I know of To clothe the whole world in green 3 But the hot, blazing sun of the tropics Is the condition I ask for, queen. CQueen dismisses them with wave of wand.D QUEEN- Oh, dear, this is discouraging, No tree can with us abide. FIRST FAIRY- Something must surely be doneg Perhaps there yet remaineth one, So we'll call trees from far and wide. CEnter cottonwoodj CoTToNwooD- To live and flourish, what I need I here do ind on every side 5 Your sandy soil, even climate cold, Doth win me with you to abide. QUEEN- Hardiest one of all the trees, And the only one willing to stay, Bring all of your plucky companions And welll greet you at coming of day. FAIRIES Csingingb- We'll dance to please you, dear little tree, And hope to see you grow 3 This place has been dreary without youg ' Try hard-we long for you so. CHORUS- We dance, we sing, Good cheer to bring, And hope to see you grow. We dance, we sing, Good cheer to bring, And hope to see you grow. As lightly we trip about you We sing our song so gay, And carry bright sunbeams to please you To strengthen you on your way. CSlowly the fairies droop and drop off to sleep at the foot of the tree.b ACT II. fEnter six fairies and queen, with wands. Fairies dressed in white. They sing.D This is a bright spring morning To inspire a tree to grow. Where are our green little cottonwoods? FIRST FAIRY- Curled up in sleep so low. CHORUS- Awake, Awake, O cottonwoods, 'Tis time for you to go, Awake, Awake, O cottonwoods Come from your Sleep so low. ' CTrees arisej QUEEN- Since you have stayed to please us Can We be of any service to you? We shall bring all things in our power From the earth to the sky so blue. FIRST TREE- As I slept in my cool, airy bedroom, Jack Frost came to greet me at dawn. Could you bring me a comfortable covering To wrap up my buds at morn? FIRST FAIRY- Down on the edge of our fairyland, Where the willows droop and sigh, There we find little green j acketsg We'll bring' them in the wink of an eye. CEnter three children dressed in green jackets. Fairies sing.J As lightly We trip about you, We sing our song so gay, And carry these warm little jackets To comfort you every day. QUEEN CTO another treel- Your sister has told of her troubles, In a manner which pleased us to hear, Now what can we do to assist you, In aiding your progress this year? SECOND TREE-- Last night I was dreaming of homeland, And all that my heart holds so dear. Is there naught in your magical fairyland To help us and bring us good cheer? SECOND FAIRY- ' In our home there are many things wonderful, Things that are happy and bright, Among them are gay little sunbearns, We gather them for you ere night. CSecond fairy trips out, bringing back three children, dressed to represent sunbeams. Fairies dance and sing? As lightly we trip about you, We sing our song so gay, And carry bright sunbeams to please you, To strengthen you on your way. QUEEN- Tell all now, for we leave you this day And start for our own fairyland. Consider what best we may give you g We are yours, this quaint fairy band. THIRD TREE- My branches are quivering with pleasure, My leaves and my buds are awake, My seeds are astir in their beds, All ready for carriers to take. THIRD FAIRY- When your seeds are prepared for the planting, Downy white balls shall we find, To nestle them into their places In dear Mother Earth, who is kind. QEnter three children dressed as cotton balls.J COTTON BALLS SING- As lightly we trip about you And sing our song so gay, We'll carry your seeds to be planted In cosiest nooks, far away. QUEEN Kto treesb- For reward, if you faithfully serve us, We shall crown you as "Tree of Emotion", And your heart-shaped leaves all a-flutter, Shall whisper of deepest devotion. TREES Cin unisonj- Many thanks to these kind-hearted fairies 3 0ur slightest wish they have granted today. We promise togblossom and flourish, For you see we have come here to stay. CHORUS- We are happy, happy, happy, On this sunny day, We shall help each other, Help in every way. ACT III. CTwo years later. -A grove of cottonwoodsg enter fairiesgand queen. They glance at the trees in surprise at the growth they have made.D QUEEN- Kind greetings to trees in this meadow: Your progress we've seen from afar, Your branches are strong and enduring, Your leaves green and beautiful are. We've come with a plea from your cousins, Who wish here a visit to make. They send sincere love and kind wishes, No trouble, but pleasure, they'll make. FIRST TREE- Dear fairyfyour wishes are grantedg Let them come and join in our play. May their visit be joyful and happy! We but wish they couldlcome here to stay. fEnter maple, oak, fruit and other trees, singingl O what a beautiful woodland The cottonwoods have to call home 5 How good it must be to abide here, Instead of the wide world to roam. CHORUS- Happy trees of the woodland, Growing so tall and so straight, Your lives must truly be cheerful With such a home for your fate. SECOND TREE- Since our woodland home's so inviting, And calls forth such pleasure from you, There's room here beside our green branches, So you trees can find a home, too. MAPLE TREE - Our hearts fill with gratitude toward youg We'll be glad for awhile to stay here. Everyfmoment we'll give to your pleasure, We'll help you and bring you good cheer. fAll fairies and sprites dance and singl: We are fairies and sprites of the forestg All our lives will be happy and free, For we have all our comrades together, So we'll sing as we dance o'er the lea. MARGARET STATLER. FRANCES DCULL. ADA TUPPER. ALICE BARMETTLER. CLARICE PHIL1Ps. AN. -if " ,,,, ' -----if-W - ., ,. , Y , - B -i ,,,, . " ff - N' W? 'ip . YW' 4 :sq-f: x 1-gzv,,f- 7' B. ?gfQQ?5QLf+:i, X ,, -- " . .p:?ffPf'11'f? -Ms. V lfiff Q4 :f A: -Q sf, -Q :r -MB? ' ' 0 ' 1- -349 K-f,nza'f?,f?f' f Q 'f " 23 " do ,U , '.,-"' 1-1 -f:: fj. ' 'fx .- 5-3 ' 4 f' ,413 -q-, -J-,Li 'vxxk -V , A N. A ,xx ggi S 7 - 1 --fig ' " ,. f 5Ys ' ,F FCS? 5 1 I I 1 -,. - . if 4 1 ' .mv xg 4 -14 . I-li Y , .F ...i - , W' """ f 'WV' -' " rl" H..f-s- A .,4:,,,, H W lv wb 'Y 'ff' v P4143-s,:.f 'J .,ifSl,f?.VS. 75, 'A'-vZ'Y:f:.1 : 1-kg ', ' .""w1-. ew.-Q -- 'l .H - :. ,,, . . .. .- . ' 1 '- . .. .,,,. ,. . imma 1 , vs + 12 2-Sinn. ,,, .,,2g.A5,,,. ij? 141,-lm,-SA ,,,.m:i?,4?5j,fk,m4:.w5f3i3,,,,4 V , M 3 7. in ,., .. .,,- Vwr, 3. w -.1 vw. r .,,,, . :g5.g:f.p':gfQy'-gQe:.7 . , :fig ! in 4.2.1 A,.,V,f7, , ',,,,00,q,n , ng 51 5-1 'f'0i:,'-'ELL'-fig' -X -4,11 -.f,f.,,.. ,., , fa- 4 ".- 'W ""f"fff ",,-wr fZfHL42-51410-'21 r- 31:-.4-if-i-'v'rf.5x-tp21:-'v'.--"k:f.rxeit'.:4:5:,.- 13. ieglff- w37,q 4: 'Q jf biz:-'YZ441'-4-'Mfg if 'fqwf'We-",:ga'y,gf4 .vg.ief-,gf-.gf .52 WIIU' A K-ff A zgmq, .1 I ., .,4-.-:-'- 1' - 1 . mi' .g.,25.-- sm" "M fa: ' A , .. " ,,f-.. ,J I . , ,,s, f... .,. L1 1 , .. .,.,y ,,..-. , .. .. ,,, x , Viz. Wifi'-. ll. " Q? '-'-' ' -5-77 ff. '--4 '. 5504 I'-H "" ilwi- HI'-EI' stiff-if 1 --if-'Fe '- P AQ E-A-S-i Q 1,4 lfvrfr.-'-7 .. ffl- , ,5 -4:1 4 v -. -. mf 4,1 pf 4-if mg, f4.f,fu,f .1 : wed , up 31, iw ,H b4sQ!,,' . fkfif' 1 ' fL'2i"1's' '-ff! fi"f 4 I: ,inf ,f iffzilif' ffi f": fix-,,, if-31' , .1 0?-'-"4 . 'fy "2 sf. : HL? ,:' H5155 ex Life' FL-QQ? '--Zu?-'-91' r-1 'J iw f.-iff' .- -- : 1 ,f J . 1 " . A I -X my .iw -1, - -' ' w :x ' ' 4' A ' ww img- 1-A-. NN X 5' - wgfa? gf. '- -, 5. .. xx v af . , x , .-.- , K. 5 wp.,-X 5WMw f' 'awffx J ofsfor fb15L'?4mc.?z.i2Li'.4" fuf. w w-:nw -gm QQ. ag, , .QM +.'.m.-wa. -5 11,,qXf f'- ew.,.,- A Y -- il- .' L ,X 4 -' ' ' .' 54' ',-,..-L'i1,,.--- ' ' -- .1 - ., in 1 -M JI" 7 HH 'w I 'av Mm, f ip 1 W' 'dv H 'fy E ' 1' 2,4 Ju 9' 11. '. 54, 4 4 w V .M 1 1,0 ,V , ,., H ,,1.1,,., ,. H ,Jw Wy, , Gbe illormal Elrt Glub TheiNormal Art club is composed of the members of the Art depart- mentj ' In fact, every student who takes the special Art course is expected to belong to the club and give it his support, since it was organized as a medium for study in the history af Art, which is so essential in the educa- tion of the Art student. Practically the same line of study is carried out each year. A different period of Art history is taken up at each meeting and the best known artists who belong to that period are discussed by the leader. Reproductions of the most famous paintings are obtained from the library for careful study. The meetings are usually held at the home of some member of the club, and after the adjournment of the business meeting, the members indulge in a social time. Thus the organization accomplishes a two-fold purpose, that of gaining knowledge along Art lines and that of furnishing a means of recreation for members of the club. p CLUB MEMBERS. Professor Ernesti Frances Doull Bessie Montague Joysa Gaines 4 Edna Purdy Elizabeth Howard . Julia Reddin Florence Marron F Nellie Sampson Iva Mallonee Florence Thompson Maye Murray i - Nellie Thompson fthe jfranccscan literary Society HOMER L. KYLE, President. The Francescan Literary Society was organized November 8, 1907, in response to a feeling thruout the school that oue literary society did not afford enough opportunity for three hundred students. It was thought also that rival societies would be more interested in their work, and accomplish more, than a single society. This recent organization, known as the Fran- cescan, has been very successful and has grown in membership almost at once to the size of the older society. Like all organizations, its infancy has been marked by somewhat spasmodic efforts, due to its lack of settled pur- poses and definite aim. The aim of the society is primarily to develop the individualls powers of expression, and incidently his appreciation of litera- ture thru its interpretation. As the society grows in definiteness of purpose its policy will doubtless become more conservative. That the Francescan Literary Society has a future no one can doubt. Glue Slionian literary Society , V ...N-f ge-'gr--N "45R2?f3I3iZTSE".-"-A'51"' 'Y 'A ' " '- . - 3 ' -'?4I?'-:-vSg2f?:2.I-2't1:+:-'xii-It1.49:,. if-fr - V I , fa ,.,1 - s I . , el '.:az'e.2:'z:.. Y . .xt YB k G 4 4 J . TRUBY CAMERON WM. R. MCKELVIE President Ist Term President 2d Term An increase of the known is an increase of the unknowng an increase of light is an increase of the boundary of darkness. Large knowledge brings humility. This is why we, as a society, are not sailing in the vast literary realms of space, but stay on the earth, welcoming into our midst the intellectual, the meek, and the profound. 3 For thirteen years the Clionian Literary society has been one of the leading literary factors of the school. This year the founding of "The Francescan" has brought about a good natured rivalry wherein both societies may find growth, expansion, and educational value. Our motto is: "We learn to do by doing." No words could be more expressive of its spirit. Our aim is for broader culture and higher social- ization, and we believe that the best proof of the realization of this aim is the power to express one's ideas easily and naturally to an audience. To this end many lines of work are taken up-music, debating, parliamentary practice, reading, and drama. The social side of the organization should not be lost sight of, for thru its reception to new members of the school, its informal entertainments, and closing with the annual banquet, there is a great deal of pleasure found for all. The Shakespearean literary Society Inour Shakespearean Literary society we learn to do by doing, and it is here that the foundations for excellent work are laid. The character of the work has been both practical and enjoyable, and this year, as never be- fore, the students have combined to make the hour entertainingf' The pro- grams 'are given in turn by the classes, which have committees for selecting the material and themes. As often as possible programs are presented by outsiders, who suggest new thoughts and furnish new inspiration. The aim of the society is not at all to make great speakersor orators, but merely to oier an opportunity for advancement along different lines. However, the progress of those who have belonged for one or two years has been very marked. This year not only has the literary part of the program improved, but the music has been vastly better. Altogether, the outlook for the society is very bright, and it is needless to say that more and better work will be done in the future. Ebe Dimerson Qllub E X, 'if av . ' '-f,2'j.W:'t-Q3 . A. Qlgjzf Qs , ,.5. J J 7 . ' v Aga? MOTTO. "There is always time enough for courtesy." This club was organized January 31, 19085 by seven igirls of the tenth grade, for the purpose of discussing the problems which confront every young person preparing for her life Work. They have taken up the club name and motto from Emerson and hope to profit by a study of his philoso- phy of life. ,- President. . . Louise Henderson Vice-President ...... Lyra Kennedy Secretary ....... Sarah Hunter ' Nellie Bennett Mary Tucker Jessie Shay Bessie Probert EDITH FORBUSH CLARICE PHILIPS FLORA BAUER Treasurer Vice President Secretary l . UH. Ctabinet W IRMA HARRIS IOYSA GAINES Intercollegiate ' Social FLORA DEANE EDNA PURDY Bible Study Devotional NEI,LI E CLARK lVlAY XVEST Missionary Music - - -1-lg: wo Go Elo ,A V... .5 p ' , T . 1 X-vi.-.aiz-ff ,. -E V ' ' . . ' f ...K 1. ,fav - . . ' -.Jw - '. fs assi Y -1 -V1 -' - we sf.,-4.-:if-:rf-sw ur-eq-rs., V, -' ,Q af 1 x- f::f:,fs1..: X, -wsgw:-U :4wg.:a .1 -3- Iliff' I MARGARET STATLER, President. "Be stifong and be of good courage, be not affrightened, neither be thou dismayed, for the Lord thy God is with thee whithersoever thou goestf' There are about three hundred and fifty girls in our school this year, and of this number one 'hundred and fifteen are active Y. W. C. A. mem- bers, while fifteen are associate members. The membership is not so large as it was last year, but the work accomplished has been a credit to the organ- ization. There has been that unity of spirit in all the Y. W. C. A work which is soiihelpful to all of us and which is such an important factor in any work. Welfeel, too, that we have been very fortunate in being able to have such a splendid, enthusiastic leader as Mrs. Chambers to guide us and help us over the hard places. Our social committee has done its share of work in entertaining. First at the annual Y. W. C. A. reception to the entire school in October, followed by several smaller affairs, when the Juniors were entertained in sections ,at "a tea", an "apple bake", and a "corn roast". Again, during Mrs.,Mc- Lean's visit in November, the Cabinet girls and Mrs. Chambers gavegia reception in order that the girls might come to know Mrs. McLean better. Our weekly meetings have been conducted somewhat diierently this year. Instead of the regular devotional meetings, we have had only every other one a devotional meeting, the other days being taken up with the study of the Old Testament, aided by the two books- "Who Wrote the Bible?" by Washington Gladdeng and "The Life and Literature of the Ancient Hebrews" by Lyman Abbott. The thing for which we have striven for the last two years, and worked so earnestly to accomplish, was realized in February, when We had Dr. Hiorswell with us for five days. For two years the association had been looking forward hungrily to this visit. It meant a great deal of money to getghim here and that in turn meant work. Many times we had become discouraged and felt like giving up, but the thought of many good lectures spurred us on. Our hope was fully realized when Dr. Horswell gave us five lectures on "Amos", "Hosea", "Isaiah", "Job", and "Jonah", respectively. 'vi Q' - sgfwf' If f J, If 3 Y T . , x ngfucf pg 'iff f .-K .--' K ,a ff ,f fif' 'A - f . ' M- I X . Q 1' ,E .-f- ,.-x- - gy , 3.0. . . ,. ,..,m4? ff . , - Q - AQ' .::. ...nfs 1'----13,4 ,.. , ,gg---., - L nf I Delta llbsi A Qlocal Jfl'3t6I'l1iIQl "A fraternity stands for development of the social side of our lives as a very important part ofour education, and that can best be promoted by organizing for mutual aid in all things pertaining to our school and social life. " Organized February 4, 1903. Colors: Emerald green and white. Flower: Carnation. Stone: Emerald. FRATER IN FACULTAE. Will Grant Chambers FRATRES IN SCHOLA. Edward F. Brainard William P. McKelvie H. Guy Roberts Fred Ramsdell George Young IN MEMORIAM. Earl King Terry Died J. Truby Cameron Harry E. Johnston Dee Hibner Chief Davidson Emmet Varrel July, nineteen hundred and seven FRATRES EX SCHOLA. George W. Alps Ray P. Alexander Efarl Beardsley W. D. Blaine Earl S. Curtis Eugene Beardsley I. C. Hall Harry W. Heighton J. Wheeler Kelsey Horace H. Hedstrom Ashley T. Near Charles W. Preston E. F. Proffett John A. Sexon Harry J. Snook Charles E. Stewart Victor E. Worley James H. Worley Orrin Forsyth Gary Roddy iLambba Gamma Tkappa Qlocal jfl'8fCUlifQl CrganizedNovember 3, 1903. Colors: Black and Old Gold. Flower: Violet. FRATRES IN FACULTAE. S. Milo Haddon J. C. Kendel FRATRES IN SCHOLA. Brainard Allsvvorth Homer Kyle Lester R. Finch Russell Roger Philip Lloyd Edgar Apperson William R. Hurley James Lockhart Frank Swartz Lynn Jones James Carpenter FRATRES EX SCHOLA. p Harry Van Churchill Axel Johnston F. Everette Draper E. Tyndall Snyder Joseph D. Coles George W. Roup Francis Chambers Mac Moore Frank Latson Louis Wyatt Ralph Ellis George 'Wetzel Jesse Nusbaum Albert G. Draper Harry McAfee Charles Moore + Irma Harris Sigma Zlllpsilon T C'ILocal Sorosish A sorority symbolizes love, loyalty, faith, hope, self-rule, and self- knovvledge. These should ever be a beacon to guide our feet toward all that is noblest, highest, and best. "Nulla dies sine facie." Organized 1905. Colors: Turquoise blue and black. Flower: Pansy. PATRONESSES. Mrs. Chas. W. Waddle Mrs. C. H. English Miss Dora Ladd Mrs. J. A. Weaver Miss Frances Tobey SORORES IN SCHOLA. Elizabette Slaughter M. Faye Read Margaret Taylor Rosetta Wisebart Mary Raynor Edith Crovvell Edna J. Purdy Daisy Winger Edna Johnson Edith Salmon Leah Troutrnan Florence Mundy Anna Pressler Leta Linn Susie Layden Marietta Franck Gertrude Joyce Barbara Dixon Juanita Bell Edna Wills Vera M. Linn June Calloway Elizabeth VanG0rder Hazel Hoagland Nellie Clark SORORES EX SCHOLA. Ethel Casey May Troutman Margaret Carlson Juanita Davis Etta Gross Jeanette Steele Etta Wallace Hazel Ahrens Mrs. H. H. Hedstrorn Zoe Fugard ' SORORES IN SCHOLA. Eelta lbbi Qmega Clocal Siorosisj A sorority symbolizes love, loyalty, faith, hope, self-rule, and self- knowledge. These should ever be a beacon to guide our feet toward all that is noblest, ,highest and best. ew, if - Organized April 5 1905. 6 7 Colors: Violet and white. Flower: Violet. Stone: Amethyst. PATRONESSES. Miss Elizabeth Kendel Mrs. Bruce Eaton Miss Elizabeth M. Cannell Mrs. Gurdon R. Miller Miss Achsa Parker Mrs. S. P. Saunders Hortense Knapp Alice Barmettler Julia Mallaby Bernice Bacharach Brenda Floyd Grace McDonald Edith Forbush Isabel Warner Eva Maude Earle Cela Stark Anne Galor Mary Uzzell Helen Love Isabel Churchill Ruth Mills Elizabeth Tabor Edna Cartwright Davie Shaw Gail Gilpatrick Ethel Rafield Ethel Isham Margaret Uzzell Edith Brown Ruth Rogers Anna Roe Rosetta Cline Lois White Mary Louise Cherry Gertrude Schenck Carrie Snook Susan Cleverly Naoma Lowe Flora Deane SORORES EX SCHOLA. Ethel Edwards Mary Kendall Irene Proctor Margaret Watson Grace Burgess Etella Smith Georgia Crawford Lexie Mead E. Mary Harrington Georgia Johnson Mary Bassler Georgia Mincey Estella Jamieson Hilda Smith ,. X 1 ,,A4. P BLIERTIDNS A Wvvgv ff Ig-Y-,glbf-2 'Y Q . f X7' E o ' .J " .T ef 1 ' : an ae l-. I ' x 9 ' fv- 1- if? . : cf "' 1 1' - Q 7-'A ' X ' 1. ' Psi? f f,.?' ' X. - 'T ' ' 'I .A 'M ' T ' ' ' ' 'if' - . 2 r- .. if , rf e ,. W , ' f 1. 5.5 i I iii . ,vi me . TI?-'il'-'Y ii fl! ' ' Qf:'.1.. " V. ffl' 7 " , -' 4 TMS iq '-' ' il 1 gi.-q '- I l sjgjk gg V ' jwijygMgQj.2gx.e'iglllvb'.4'3, f ,llllluv ,Ney s - Q vitgqgf , ' 4 'f"'1 ' ' , Is"":-K . 75 ?' S9 Qi?-?LEiQsL'Ef1i -I-377 9-9 C -7 C7 'T' Ce' ., il . ' 1 ' ' . l V " 1 Flfiiimim-HTHKERTSTZIIY.iTIfEICEvF i's5 :" -1 P' ..IR"'E.TlT3.'F .mu :mu ll xi KU W' mx K' Sb' SIf"f7-.5 , . - . 5 Q ., aZQii'f3'TifT'3'5-37. . ' 'fi 1 Egg M ef .zr , .. '- 1' ' -rf -1 rvq nngmpcaa Tlihe Ctrucible Every school publication should have a twofold value: that of giving information and entertainment to its readers and that of giving benefit along lines of composition and executive power to its publishers. The first value mentioned is fulfilled by the various departments of our own paper, The Crucible. Our Literary department furnishes us with an entertaining bit of life, real or romantic, historical or fictitious, as the taste of the author dictates. Our Pedagogical editor gives us each month helpful suggestions on subject matter and methods, in articles drawn from faculty and student sources. Ther kindergartners have a corner all their own, but the benefit accruing from the department is not all theirs, for many outside .gain an in- sight into things which had never before presented themselves. Our de- partments of Music and Art and Handicraft aim to set down some of the broader principles of their subjects. Picture study has been a profitable theme of the latter department this year. For fear we, in our absorbing interest in ourselves, might forget the rest of the world, a department of Current Things and Thought has been ably managed this year. In line with the same spirit, our Exchange department gives its readers the best things found in other school publications. To keep us informed of school news is the business of the editors of the General Notes, Junior Notes, High School Notes, and Y. W. C. A. Notes, while those who go out into the world from C. S. N. S. are kept track of by the Alumni department. The second value, which we affirmed in the beginning of this sketch to be necessary to a school publication, is just as well distributed as is possible from the nature of the case. We have tried this year to give as many as possible a chance to gain the benefit which comes from writing for print. Our hope is that next year this plan may be more fully realized, so that while many have the pleasure of reading the paper, just as many may get the value which comes to one from helping to make the paper. F W ! i 5 w i l X THE BO!-XR D. of JMMQ EUITAA IN EHxEE z5WM,L BU S, MANAQEA gip2i2' , AD. HGENTS ASSUEIATE EDITORS mdfmqfwfff UZ, W MMM WLXLZLMGQQM, WWZM ?.f6w7172 Www Z. QA W? AMWAMMWM AA21 - - . i Che Sacha Ia llbouore JBoarb Editor-in-Chief .... Assistant Editor. . . Advertising Agents Business Manager. Staff Photographer Art .... Class. .... Organizations ...... Society .... ,,.... Dramatics ..... volume 1 Literary .... .... . ........ . Pedagogy.. . .... .... .... . . . . Fraternities and Sororities ..... Jokes. ...... Athletics.. .. .. Junior Class . .. . High School .... . . . .Donna M. Lewis .......Gary Roddy gf J. T. Cameron I A. G. Draper H. Hedstrom . . . .Jesse Nusbaum . . . . .Mary Webster I Mary Harrington nl Eva Linville . . . .... Helen Shaw . . .... . . . Nell Byron . . Charlotte Augur . . ..Gail Gilpatrick .. ..... Carrie Mills . . . . . . Orrin Forsyth if Ada Meddings l Hortense Knapp . . .... Nora Wilson . . . . Clarice Phillips ..James Carpenter I i f Q:mQ.m XX ,ag , ,, A ff X3 F 'X ' P H W X -X A. . , ,jf i . f ff gy. X X X -' I,-' -a'S,Wk'5- V, "Z 1 7 - fi - Q XX , N R slew 4. I X, V, 1 , :fc F gm x 'Q N , ,,f if WN XIX I ' ,ffa 1 A fi' ' X xg , k -1-fig? '.,. Q igf, 1. .xx N L- N ' --1qxgL'fVfQZE:l ,fl f f ' N Y nf, w -1, ':,' , I 4521-3 X I - HV , Ff Q, Y WN '.W'1f.-W . W A' NX X, .X N , 1 A ,v l,'l4', ,.l ll' VKVIV ,F U.-W P 'l .'., X :flaky ,fy-'yi - XXX Nxt" .wir Al ' fx ,pr gm . . X Xl XX !! 'Q 'yv x, N R 'xX Ev, 13, Q X' .:L.:lg?4Q,5!Vf l ,V ...4 A. fx l..Sr 2, 5,',f: , A if LV ' ' Si' ' V x vt S f lf! f f- X XRFQX. IMA V . - f 1 1, ' X, ,p, f wM,nw, ww ,. Ax" -- ,"' , ' f' M9 p, Nb ull I f ,. ' 1"' J,f1n 1 X -f - L. , Q 1. ,-ini. 1 '? j- - : 1 ,A K ,. .' ,7 635' ' fzQw?lwH'Wm " W - "-QVZ5:-1, 4 Zgg' - ,N --L- ocief 1Reception to '07 bg '08 The class of '07 was made extremely happy on a balmy moonlight even- ing in May by being allowed to participate in a social function in Japan. Dainty little Japanese maidens met the guests at the door and gracefully conducted them about the room. Exclamations of wonder were heard as the spectators advanced and saw the beauties everywhere. Picturesque decor- ations covered' every bit of the chapel, and all combined made a scene of ar- tistic perfection. Strains of the orchestra blended with the voices and car- ried., joy to every corner, even into the remote rooms where Winsome tea girls served refreshments. Charming Japanese songs and fantastics de- lighted all present, and, when the clock chimed twelve, wondering ejacula- tions were expressed as to where the evening had gone. "And to think that this festival in quaint Japan was due to the genius of the class of '08 and its good feeling and respect for the Seniors!" Jfaculto 1Reception "Variety is the spice of life." So the faculty must have thought when the time for their usual reception came. The students were delightfully surprised at the announcement made in chapel on September 19 that each was to find some new student and take him down to the campus. As the difficulty in former years has been in making this affair too formal to ac- complish its aim of getting acquainted, this year was far more successful. A friendly feeling was certainly evident when we all met the different in- structors and had a chat in place of the formal handshake. Punch, which was served by some of the former students, and the orchestra wafting its sweet strains, certainly put every one in an equable frame of mind. 1balIoween llbartsg bp 'os to 'oo One of the most unique parties in the history of the school was given '09 by '08. The Senior ghost's invitation having been accepted by a Junior witch, nearly every one came dressed as a witch or as a ghost. As the spooks began to arrive, the gymnasium and lower hall presented a rather uncanny appearance. The walls were covered with stalks of corn, and shocks stood here and there. Jack-'o-lanterns, black cats, and witches added to the ghostly appearance of the scene. Fortune tellers, stationed in the corners and nooks, told marvelous tales to their credulous listeners. After the refreshments, consisting of doughnuts, popcorn balls and cider drawn from a keg and drunk from tin cups, had been served in a leafy alcove, everyone joined in playing the old time favorite, the "Virginia Reel". Late in the evening, the ghostly revellers departed, wishing Halloween would come more often. ' Social Elffairs of 19. Ulu. GZ. El. ' The Y. W. C. A. has done its share this year in social affairs. Early in the fall its annual reception was given to the entire school. The upper hall, where the program was given, was decorated very attractively. The guests then adjourned to the lower hall, where punch and wafers were served. A few weeks later the girls entertained the different divisions of the Juniors at a corn roast, an apple bake, and a tea. During the visit of Mrs. McLean, the cabinet members and Mrs. Chambers gave a reception at the home of the latter so that the girls of the school might have an opportunity of meet- ing Mrs. McLean. JBanquet to Hnnual 5Boaro The Crucible staff delightfully entertained the Annual board April 2, at the home of Miss Statler. At half past seven the guests were ushered down to the dining room, where a progressive dinner was served, the domestic science class having this part of the entertainment in charge. The guests had forgotten what time of the year it was until they discovered the delicious looking fish to be brown paper. Upon the fish were written numerous questions, the answers to which caused much merriment. The guests were led to believe that a toast would be called for from one of them, but were surprised again, agreeably no doubt. After dinner the guests were invited to take part in the vaudeville which followed. There was a "German band" and an "Italian band", the latter of which gave selections from grand opera only. The latest acrobatic stunts were exhibited and various other performances finished this "entirely new and thrilling entertainment". A The Annual board will always remember, with pleasure, their delightful entertainers of the evening. lil' Q I ff!! ' - f - 1 fff ff ff f , ul' M lik 4 f if G ff f Wi f iii" A M f 1 N ll lik 1 , ff! yy X5 6 ll-M f ,Q I N Z A l +iPsnn. T FAN DRILL-QJUNIOR RECEPTION., I v' 5 2 f x , df Q T1 df 3 i f f-J.: f ? f T M f' ff fpzjgfx 'IN H Y Ai -f ff , I J R1 K N X X I HQ, A424- 4 ,. f.,,L2- J UI 1 I-Q gg M, iff f A dll 4, H - ,-, A fr, J, eff iw A '- -LT' ' I "d:"'7., fr? 4-- ' AZ, LL ,. i " T-fn' " 'f- 'f !' - 4 ,gi , MT .,....' Al! 44 ,. ,..- Af- 4 f ' if in , 1 . 11, K 1 ni . W ' "Qf?Eg4,L.' -- ':"lLL- . - -f-1- ni '- "' -:fLffi'-:- . iii.. A f' 1 A-T,:.,g.113?ii --- mmf-T-'ffh ,.. .:::.,..,.w " ' 1, -1,-ie n, 5? ,. 1- 'f QL- '! W.-1 I ,:....-. J ,f ,::5m-e-- .....,.. 3 .5 -Q ff I --,...-L"-. 1 frm' i.?. I 9' ' f 1' i , ,,,.Q if , I' - 4, J f J Y , ! 1 - ff- ...S GN J.: 1 Q 1 - " '.?f- -.f-k-T.-Saga-' Q f '-1-1'firEIf 'iiJ4fl"'T-L"i""' " A Y ' T I ig: TAN' ' '-jlivnfl, - 'gd ?..,L.',:-,-1 Y 1, --fygi +6 , :h nf - Q :af - .cf -f ,119-g.y5Q'ja-f ,,-'jj' ,,3:4,:-,, ' ,YjA, 3 f Em 'Unusual Glass flbeeting "O tempora! O moresl" are the words which say themselves when the mind reverts to the never-to-be-forgotten days which ushered in the spring term of the year nineteen hundred and seven, the days when every Senior had "A feeling of unrest Within his UD noble breast," and the Juniors were observing the Seniors, not only on the days set for the classes in pedagogy to visit the training school, but at all other times and in all other places. In fact, the situation was very like that described by the little boy who, in telling of a cock-fight, said: "Now they are thooking at each other. " When one morning in chapel it was announced that there would be a Senior class meeting in the gymnasium at seven-thirty, and a Junior class meeting in the chapel at eight, it was as though each had taken a step nearer an encounter. While the Juniors were transacting interesting and important business, the sergeant-at-arms, quietly entering, summoned her corps of assistants. An ominous silence was followed by the startling dramatic entrance of the Junior boys, who held captive a pitiable, shaking wretch, who was vainly attempting to hide his whole miserable self within his hat. The hat being snatched from him there stood disclosed to the astonished Juniors the crafti- est, shrewdest Senior, the Senior who, till then, had been so clever that he could carry through to a successful issue any scheme whatsoever without being caught. There in the presence of the august Juniors, the Senior, erstwhile a dapper, self-confident swaggerer, stood trembling violently, an ashen pallor over his countenance. But, upon being assured that he would not be sub- mitted to torture, he so far regained his composure that he could form short, coherent sentences. When the Juniors, by displaying great courtesy and kindness, had finally succeeded in their attempts to put their unexpected, though by no means unwelcome, guest a little more at ease, their president requested an explanation of the unanticipated pleasure. The Senior suavely explained that he had no such base motive as listening to Junior business, but that, impelled by a lofty desire to do some- thing to aid scientific research, he had proved, not that a monkey might develop into a man, but that by reversion to type, through disuse of his higher faculties, man might become monkey. The Juniors, exercising their better tendencies, voted to return the un- fortunate creature to the arms of his solicitous classmates, hoping that tender, loving care would restore him, enabling him to "press on toward the characteristics which distinguish the class of nineteen hundred and eight. The hope for his improvement was vain. He soon escaped his care- takers, and sought a habitat in the Philippine jungles, where to this day he may be found swinging gayly from bough to bough. Mass llboem 'Tis two short years since we of nineteen-eight Did enter Normal halls to try our fate, To win new friends, gain high ideals, too, And seek new fields of study to pursue. Some friendships made cling close, hold fast and dear, And consecrate alone the time spent here. These match the gains of knowledge, dues of thought, Which Alma Mater has upon us wrought. The toil has not been light, some hours seemed long, But mingled with it all there's been a song. Ah, could our lives still move in these safe ways, And love and friendship gladden all our days, Our work and our worry, our rush and our hurry, Made ever light by fun and frolic's flurry! But all things change, and still must change forsooth All things, 'twas ever thus, but love and truth. Our Normal days draw swiftly to a close, And forth, our store of knowledge to disclose, We'll go to town and city, hill and plain, There using heart to train both hand and brain. Our teachers faithfully have played their part To make us true disciples of their art, To them we owe our present hopeful state, 'Tis ours to make success our future fate. First to be men, to be women, True in all to the best within! Then shall our undisputed right Of the true teacher be assured quite. Athwart our way, as days and months go on, Discouragements, defeats, will come anon. Our fondly cherished hope sometimes may wane, And all our eiort still seem weak and vain. All things of life look then but drear and dark, On nothing can we mortals see hope's mark, Discord doth reign, the whole world's unjust- We look about us in dismay, distrust. Yet if we ponder, we still may imbue, By changing somewhat our own point of view, Our life and others' with that faith in mankind Which leads us virtues and not flaws to find. We part, we leave this Alma Mater dear To teach, to spread the truths of life learned here. May we, like the great Teacher from above, Show by our words, our deeds, that God is love. Farewell! O Alma Mater, have no fears 3 Anon, across the distance of the years, We'll send our hearty "godspeed" back to you, And echo forth your many truths anew. -MARGARET STATLER. lbistorxg of the Glass of '08 We, the Seniors about to depart from the sheltering walls of our Alma Mater, turn to bid adieu to classroom and professors, to society halls, li- braries, and corridors, and while yet sounds of chapel music and the fac- ulty's good advice linger in our ears, we pause, O Juniors, and from the lofty summit we have reached let fall our mantle upon you. Wear it well. Remember that the tattered folds of this reverend mantle once adorned shoulders broader than yours, covered heads brainier than yours 5 that it has waved in triumph over you. Close up the rents with reverent fingers. It was not always large enough for us and has sometimes been strained in the seams. But we have no fear that you will have difficulty in finding abund- ant room within it. Its folds are suiiiciently ample for you. Take it, and our blessing with it. Follow in our footsteps and go where glory waits you. Yet be not proud, be not puied up, remember that only vanity vaunteth itself and is proud. Now, while you adjust its folds to your lesser dimen- sions, we will review the course we have run. We will proceed pedagogically, following a definite method, and ac- quaint you with the inspiration which brought us here. Many were lured by the lorelei song of a fairyland of science, as sung in divers places by Mr. Abbott-science and the mysterious new geography, which is still a mystery, even as the science still belongs to the region of fairlandg others listened to tones mellowed by Latin liquids, singing also an alluring song, and steered their barks to that singer's genial shoreg some responded in the hopes of abundant motorization, and some came docile in the tow of a Senior, who said triumphantly to himself, as he turned his victim over to Dr. Snyder, "Now my success in philosophy is doubly assured", and finally, some who had been perusing a wondrous book of fiction Cdistributed universally by the board of trustees of the C. S. N. SJ, came eager to take up their abode in Greeley, the center of the public school system, the Utopia of the educa- tional world. Well, it is always so. The far away prospect always has the glow, nearer at hand it turns to sober gray. Did we not even then debate, re- solving that there is more pleasure in pursuit than in possession? Maybe we did not know precisely how wide the application of the saying is. Things ahead still seem to be in the light, and we go toward them with the same confidence' that we had in the beginning. But enough of this, there is history to be written! It was in the year 1906 A. D., in the gracious month of September, that we, the class of '08, first assembled at the C. S. N. S. Some of our mem- bers were from towns on the Atlantic coast, some from towns on the Pacific coastg and the remainder from the states and territories lying between these two great oceans. However, the most careless observation showed that the greater number were natives of Colorado. Upon our arrival we found the anterior portion of the assembly room occupied by two hundred giddy, giggling, gossiping girls and upon each countenance had lately been branded the word "Senior". We quietly took our place in the rear of the room and awaited develop- ments. Just before the last bell rang, seven overworked, careworn boys sneaked into the room and meekly took the very front seat. These, too, bore the brand "Senior", We also observed that at irregular intervals a distinguished looking man or woman entered the room and with haughty step ascended the rostrum, which was in front of the Seniors. As these took their seats the front end of the assembly room became somewhat illu- minated. When all of these individuals of the noble bearing were assembled a perfect halo of brightness overhung the rostrum. Surrounded by this nimbus we first beheld the faculty, the marvelous faculty of experts. The dazzled Seniors now stopped their prattleg the class of '08 gazed with awe upon the spectacle. Suddenly a chord was sounded and all rose to their feet. The doxology was sung in double quick time and we, the class of '08, realized that our work had really begun. For a few days we were in the wonder period. We wondered which one of the numerous museums received our 81 museum fee? Why pay a laboratory fee when we were not using a laboratory? What is that industrial fee for? Had I better send this receipt to papa? Why had the cost of board and room suddenly risen? Where were those famous athletes of which we had read? How could the child be a composite potential, an invo- lution of possibilities? In many ways our sense of mystery has narrowed, but how some manage to graduate without removing their conditions is to us still, as to certain members of the faculty, a problem belonging to the realm of the esoteric. With such vagaries as these our Junior year began. Oh, our glorious Junior year! How we shone! That the class of '08 would be an unusual one was plainly evident to the most casual observer of the faculty, when as Juniors we astonished its members with our ability in Declamation, Art, Music, English, and Psychology. The professors frequently fell back in their chairs and gazed in astonishment at the originality of thought and individuality of research displayed by us as Juniors. Indeed some of our members acquired such a fund of knowledge and discernment that certain members of the faculty trembled for the future peaceful possession of their respective chairs. Our English teachers smiled to see us come and predicted great things of us, when we should have overcome a few trifling short- comings. Some of our thoughts, potent with the might of intellect and musty with library smell, are preserved in the columns of the Crucible and the Cache la Poudre. Not only in English did we distinguish ourselves, but today the instructors in mathematics and music are telling the Juniors that former classes fthe class of '08 being obviously intendedj had no trouble in master- ing those problems or singing those exercises. They remember US! On every hand the fact has been demonstrated that we have brains and fur- thermore that we use them. As individuals our records were many, as a Junior class We have never been equalled. Never in the history of the school has so much class spirit been evinced, never did Juniors fight harder, never were Seniors more signally and uniformly vanquished. We organized early and chose for our first sovreign Homer II CKylel. His wise and capable administration is a tradition to this day. The name and fame of Mr. Kyle will be sung by many generations of students. No sooner was our leader appointed than he displayed his great military ability by leading his Warriors out against an invading band of Seniors. Our class arose as one man and fell upon the foremost of the imposters. Sundry bits of wearing apparel belonging to the Seniors were seen whizzing through the air, and occasionally one of their members was thrown high above his fellows. The Seniors were soon defeated and hobbled wrathfully away. We had won. Our socialization was complete. From that time on we have been a pulsing, efficient organizm. So ended our first class meeting and our first glorious victory. For a time we disturbed not, neither were we dis- turbed. Our time was spent pondering upon ideas, the fruits of which came later, when -J-1 Again we assembled, at another class meeting, the time being at hand to elect a new president. Each member knew that strenuous times were in store for us and that our leader must be a person of iron nerve and over- flowing with pluck and determination. Our old love of extemporaneous oratory asserted itself, and the nominations were made with great tact, each speaker setting forth the merits of his favorite in a very convincing man- ner. The nominations were closed, the votes were counted, a deep voice announced the name of our new president-Miss Frances Doull. We had chosen wisely. Who has done more for her class? Show us a member of the class of '08 who does not appreciate the work Miss Doull has done for our cause. Ever patient, but persistent, always working for the good of the majority, never failing to give a word of advice or to warn us of im- pending danger. No one could have been better qualified to guide us safely and successfully through the thrilling experiences about to be narrated. First our president decided upon a definite plan of procedure. To aid her in this the several committees were appointed. All of these did excellent work, but especially prominent and efficient was the committee on songs and yells. Beautiful were the songs and hideous were the yells concocted by this committee. Well do we remember those nightly rehearsals, some of these were held at the home of a generous classmate, some were held out on the unvintaged prairie where the coyote often took up the refrain, and still others were held in low swamps, where sand burs grew thick and snakes and toads were wont to dwell. What did we care for difficulties! Overcoming them has made us great. We worked both night and day. As we gained victories our ardor increased. Many a Senior was awakened from dreams of victory by our blood curdling yells only to be lulled to sleep again by one of our songs of sympathy. From this time on the Seniors were harassed morning, noon, and night. The omnipresence of the Juniors was at first to them oppressive, but a little later it became almost unbearable. Juniors seemed to bein every nook and corner, they trailed the Seniors in their walks g they floated above them in their dreams. The class of '07 has lately acknowledged these last truths. Time passed on according to its arbitrary fashion, now fast, now slow. On a certain afternoon in early spring Cwhen all nature should have been atunej the Seniors were in secret session in one of the city churches. They held, in reality, a council of war to decide how best to carry out "cap and gown day". Certain members of our class heard of the meeting and very graciously spread the word to the class of '07, Their kindness was not appreciated, however, as will be shown later. The whole band of Seniors assembled at the church and their president had just started to address them thus: "We are convened this-" when suddenly their small sergeant- at-arms leaped breathlessly into their midst and announced in a trembling voice that the Juniors were without. Each Senior's face became white as death. Their sovereign asked the number of the enemy. The sergeant-at- arms, now speechless with fear, mysteriously held up four fingers and two thumbs. After much wrangling the Seniors decided to capture the intruders. Five Junior girls and one Junior boy were finally overpowered by the com- bined efforts of two hundred and two Seniors. The captors now tried to force their captives to reveal the secrets of the Junior class. Certain chem- ical compounds, supposed to produce talkativeness, were administered and numerous external applications were given, but the staunch Juniors said never a word. Seeing that the Juniors could not be moved by threat or torture, the Seniors suddenly realized that the members of '08 were the right sort of students and many began to admire such great endurance. Some became so attached to this group that they decided they must have their pictures to carry with them through life as symbols of strength and loyalty. The captives were taken to a photographer, and those pictures are to this day an inspiration to those who have them. Admiration for the captives did not cease here, for the Seniors engaged cabs in which they con- veyed the Juniors, now the heroes of the hour, in great splendor to their homes. The Seniors gained great but enviable notoriety by this episode, for the good people of the town poured torrents of abuse upon the members of the class for desecrating the sanctity of a church by such actions. The ministers, too, berated them soundly. - Scarcely had they atoned for this sin than they were again brought to tears by beholding, one morning, two of their likenesses Cbrilliantly arrayed in purple and whitej beckoning from the highest place on the school build- ing. None of the gallant Senior boys could be persuaded to climb to such a height to rescue his class colors. The janitor, moved by the tears and entreaties of the young ladies, finally gave his services and brought the dummies to earth, where they were received with joy by the class of '07 . The class of '08 received credit for hanging those dummies. As the class of '07 lacked the ability to conjure up some means of retaliation, they secured five hundred second-hand posters from the Senior class of the U. of C., and planned to post them about the town on a certain stormy night. The boys of our class learned of the night these descriptive documents were to be posted, and followed a short distance behind the Senior bill posters, and be- fore the paste was dry, removed every poster. Oh! what a triumph! The Seniors were astir early the next morning, expecting to see the town aglow with flaming posters, but to their astonishment and dismay not a poster was to be seen. Ah, they had planned well but "there's many a slip twixt cup and lip"! They should have learned long ago through experience that we were far beyond them! Time fied swiftly, the first of May drew near and we, knowing that the Senior class MUST wear their caps and gowns before they would be allowed to graduate, decided to let them do so. We resolved, however, that we would not follow the Junior custom of going to chapel on cap and gown day. Accordingly, after going to the chapel door in a body and taking one good look at the expectant Senior class, we marched heartlessly away, leaving the Seniors to sing their songs of derision- to empty benches. This was a iinal blow to the already stricken class of '0'7. Their "O, my!" sank to a groan and finally expired in a dismal wail. Never again did they appear in war paint and headgear against the victorious class of '08, Now, as soon as the class of '07 recognized and acknowledged our superiority over them, we began giving them the best of care, hoping that they might recover from the recent hard usage and yet amount to some- thing. We first decided to hold, in their honor, a grand and glorious recep- tion to be carried out in true Japanese style. How the Junior girls labored to work out color combinations! How many a Junior boy risked breaking his neck by climbing a wabbling ladder in order to gain the praises of a bright-eyed classmate who directed his efforts! How the girls worked work- ing the boys. We were encouraged in it all by members of the faculty, who came around anxious to see how we were getting along and to gather ideas for the aid of future classes. Each one in turn declared that nothing so unique and grand had been seen in the history of the institution. At last all was completed and our eyes looked upon a beautiful scene. Our efforts had as usual been intelligently directed and we felt well repaid for our labor. What a glorious time we had! Who will forget those happy faces! Or those beautiful decorations! Or the good-fellowship enjoyed at that Junior re- ception. . June drew near and with it our summer vacation. The last few days of our Junior year were strenuous ones, but we enjoyed them all. On the last day of school we were called together by Dr. Snyder to receive our final reports. That was the crucial moment of our Junior year. On those report cards were symbols, which represented our real worth as students. We were greatly gratified to learn that every member of our class had passed without condition. Hurrah for the class of '08! We had passed through the Junior year with flying colors. The Senior class meekly left the shelter- ing walls of C. S. N. S. to us. We had been ruling there for many moons, but upon their departure our claim of ownership could not even be disputed. We now went to our homes with light hearts and happy thoughts, resolving to come back to C. S. N. S. in the fall and do even greater things. In September the members of the class of '08 again assembled at C. S. N. S. Lo! Behold us now! A mighty band of Seniors, throbbing With a desire to be doing, ready for any emergency. In unity, coherence, and mass we had never been surpassed. We had cast off the characteristics of childhood and of Juniors and now assumed the dignity becoming philosophers and school teachers. Again we assembled in chapel. Oh, joy of hearing the happy voices, as old associates greeted each other! We were all glad to be back and were trying to relate at the same time our holiday experiences. Why, we had taken the front seats! Yes, they belonged to us! A few seats in the rear were assigned to a heterogeneous mass of people who shall be called hereafter Juniors, or the class of '09. There they sat spell-bound, speechless. Let your memory, O classmates, carry you back to that day. Shall we ever again see a sight equal to that motley array of Juniors, as theyfirst appeared on that September morning? Can we even hope for the privilege of again viewing such a ludicrous spectacle? From the first they were the source of much amusement to us. They looked to us as their oracles. It was a common occurrence during the first of the year to be asked such questions as these: "Can you show me Mr. Hadden's music room?" "Where does Mr. Chambers teach nature study?" "Is room 302 in the base- ment of the new library?" Many others equally absurd might be mentioned. We were patient through it all and taught them many thingsg despite our efforts, however, it will probably take them the full four years to approach the height we have attained in two. But that is Junior speculation, now for our own history. We all received assignments, or didn't, as the case might beg and some taught very well, and some taught English, but in all cases the mental horizon of the model school children broadened and they learned much. We all worked, learned, and began to see ourselves as future Froebels and Pestalozzis. We held another class meeting and Miss Doull was again chosen class president, upon the theory that one term deserves another. What higher tribute could have been given her! At that meeting plans were made for the year. We decided to sweep everything before us as we had always done. We have not been disappointed. Altho our work was more arduous than during our Junior year we, nevertheless, found considerable time for merry-making and many hours were spent in each other's company. Some seemed to enjoy nightly walks in the country. Did they relish the country air or the country watermelons most? ' After the bustle of the first few weeks we had some surplus time, and so began wondering how we could do something to benefit humanity. See- ing the deplorable condition of the ,Junior class we, wishing to introduce them into the social life and hoping to cure them of the pangs of home- sickness, decided to honor them with a reception. Now, as most of the Juniors were fresh from the country, it was decided that a farm scene would be greatly appreciated by them. Accordingly all the corn fodder and pumpkins in Weld County were collected and brought to the Normal school. These were artistically arranged in the lower hall and the gymnasium, and when our work was done these rooms had been changed into a typical farm. The Juniors arrived and for the first time since coming to town really felt at home. How lovingly they fondled those ears of corn! How they laughed in childlike glee at the funny expressions on the faces of the jack o' lanterns! We amused them by many simple devices and the evening passed merrily along. The refreshments of doughnuts and cider pleased our guests most of all and they departed, declaring that they felt as if they had really had a Visit to the old home on the farm. Indeed, they had enjoyed themselves so much that they decided to have a party of their own the next Friday night. They were at the height of their merriment when a dread rumor, which caused each one present to shake at the knees, passed through the crowd. Their worst fears were confirmed when it was announced that a group of Seniors had complacently carried of their dainties. Now, they were sorely troubled and loud were their lamentations. They went to Dr. Snyder with tears in their eyes, and with choking voices told him of the dreadful treat- ment they had received. He expressed his sympathy, but told them that legitimate retaliation was their only recourse. Now, the Juniors learned that the Word "retaliation" meant essentially "getting even". Not know- ing the meaning of the word "legitimate" they foolishly concluded that Dr. Snyder had given them permission to square up by fair means or foul. Christmas time came and the Seniors graciously showed the Juniors the beautiful presents to be given to the faculty. The Juniors thought that at last their time had come. While the fair-minded Seniors were not looking they, with the agility of professional shoplifters, thrust a number of the smaller articles into their pockets, thinking in their ignorance that they had "done" the Senior class. They had discommoded us for a time, it is true, but the brunt of the affair fell upon their own heads. In "doing" the Senior class they had involved the entire faculty and one hundred innocent visitors Cmany of them relatives of the Juniorsb who had sacrificed much that they might see the annual presentation of gifts to the faculty. Thus the Juniors had benightedly made a class row public. They received the condemnation of the president and the entire countryside, and have since been thought of as a bunch of kleptomaniacs. Now, discordant times arose. For reasons not to be recorded in a cheerful history, were not permitted to use the building for class meeting. A spirited meeting was held on neutral grounds. Mr. Howard was chosen president. Some say that his election was due to his famous electric light speech. Be that as it may, we have never regretted our choice. He has done well the many duties that have come before him. The hour just after his election was one of the most exciting ones ever experienced by the class of '08, As no agreement could be reached, we adjourned at midnight to meet again in secret session on the following afternoon. We sallied forth from that meeting loudly asserting our rights and repeatedly demanding justice. Even Dr. Snyder took notice of our resolutions, and after explana- tions were made by all, peace was declared and a reconciliation was brought about. U Then came a night so dark and blustery that no Junior dared venture forth from his mother's fireside, However, a small band of hardy Seniors was at work and that night a deep, dark plot was carried out. The caps and gowns were hoisted to the top of the building. Then they were carried over the roof about one hundred feet to an opening. They were then carried through a long, dark passage to the garret over a room adjoining the chapel. Next day at the appointed time the gowns were lowered by means of pulleys, and two minutes afterwards every member of the class of '08 was arrayed in cap and gown. Then we sang our songs and gave our yells for the benefit of the Juniors. How fitting were those songs! How they wore upon the feelings of the poor Juniors! How we Seniors mercilessly gloated over them! Cap and gown day had never been so effectually carried out. Juniors had never been so completely annihilated. They collected all their forces and energies for a final attack, hoping by so doing to carry Junior day. But, alas, that ambition was never realized, for we appropriated the paraphernalia Cincluding their class songsl they had intended using. Know- ing that the Juniors could never carry Junior day successfully, we decided to do so for them. Accordingly we donned the bogus caps and gowns and marched about the building, triumphantly singing the Junior class songs. The Juniors, realizing their utter defeat, and being heartily discouraged sought refuge in seclusion, and there, With their fingers in their ears, they writhed upon the floor in a perfect agony of shame and remorse. From that time the poor Juniors were perfectly submissive. We amused ourselves by attending their secret meetings, either in groups or as individuals, and not a protest was given. One of these young men thought to return our visit, but did not, as he was kindly informed by our president that no Junior had yet attained sufficient age or dignity to even enter a Senior class meeting. So we worked on in peace and harmony, and the end of our Senior year drew near. We worked patiently over plans and our fame as teachers was assured. We came through the ordeal with the board a little the worse for wear and tear, but still smiling with conscious merit. As the school year drew to its close we liked Greeley and the people of Greeley more and moreg the faculty who had done so much for us became dearerg we no longer even tried to express our love for C. S. N. S. and our co-workers there. Our thoughts still dwell upon those pleasant hours spent at the Snyder home during the Junior-Senior reception and we remember with pleasure the other evenings so enjoyaloly spent there. Our beautiful class memento will be looked upon with love and admira- tion. It will bring to the faculty and to others who knew, fond recollections of the staunch and brilliant class of '08--the class that always was victorious. Our class play, "Jeanne d'Arc", will go on record as one of our greatest achievements. It is a fitting culmination for our wonderful career. Mem- bers of the faculty, Juniors, Seniors of the High School, behold us! We challenge your admiration. Do you seek orators? We have them among us. Do you desire poetry? Poets are in our ranks. Would you ind beauty? Gaze upon our maidens. Do you admire constancy and manly fortitude? The men of the class of ,O8 have proved themselves heroes on many a hard fought field. Would you gather wisdom and knowledge? We are teachers -teachers with life and energy. Dr. Snyder recommends us, and we are modestly conscious of the fact that we can do well what we undertake. Already we are in demand. The call for our services comes from the East and from the uttermost bounds of the West, and we obey. Yet before tak- ing up the work life holds out to us we turn and hold out the right hand of fellowship to you, Juniors, now Seniors, and we become the class of yester- day, the teachers of today, the founders of future days. WM. R. MCKELVIE. Glass llbropbecv Oh most glorious class of 1908! When I was asked to come before you and deliberately tell you what your future would be, I felt that my life was not worth a straw. It is news I had rather keep from you, but I know how curious you are to know how you will "turn out", so I have taken pity and will tell you the important events of your life as they were revealed to me by a spirit from the other world. I hunted up a spiritualist who had quite a reputation as a medium, and told him I should like to see one of the old Hebrew prophets, buthe said they were all busy in other quarters of the universe, so I said that anyone would do. He then called up an old Arabian brother who had been dead for some time and was well acquainted in the other world. When I inquired about the future of the class of '08, he said, "It has a great future before it. Taken collectively and individually it is a remarkable class. The class will produce poets, statesmen, scientists, phi- losophers, and a few grass widows. "Being a leap year class, it will witness the overthrow of the tyrant man, and the complete establishment of woman in her rights." "There are three important events in the life of almost every normal in- dividual", said I, "her birth, her marriage and her death. The class has already been born and please tell about the other two events, will they occur?" "The other two events are bound to, occur," said the shade, with con- viction. "Most of the class, however, will marry men or something resem- bling them, and those who do not will either marry women or remain single. The whole class will die within the next one thousand years unless someone breaks the record for length of life, which is not likely. " I felt that thus far the old philosopher had spoken the truth, as I asked him to go on and tell about the future of some of the individual members of the class. As he went on I concluded that one cannot tell by a child what he will be like as a man. The proverb, "The child is father to the manf' is only a half truth 5 the child is just as often the mother. However, I no- ticed that most of the members of this renowned class followed in after life the tendencies that distinguished them here in school. "Mr, Howard, " said the spirit, "will become a farmer. He will make many experiments along agricultural lines, particularly in an effort to in- crease the egg production from our hens. He will become famous for raising a hen that will produce 513 eggs a year and hatch them herself. "Miss Doull will raise an army and Hy to the rescue of Ireland. She will liberate the Irish and establish the Irish republic. She will be chosen its first president. The army, of course, will be composed entirely of women, and in its ranks will be found the following members of the class: Misses Anderson, Byron, Calloway, Emery, Frey, Gjellum, Hubbard, John- son, Kouba, Linn, Murray, Noll, O'Boyle, Parrott, Ross, Stephens, Twomy, Vanatta, and Watson, and Mrs. Zingg. Mr. Zingg will go along and write up the affair for the associated press. Most of the girls will marry Irish noblemen. "A group of the class will club together and buy one of the Sandwich Islands, where they will try to lead the simple life. Miss Brake will be chosen leader of the company, which will be composed of Misses Bacharach, Dale, Forbush, Gammon, Knapp, Blair, Wood, Alexander, Purdy, Marron, Soister, and Benning. The project will fail because the hot sun will ruin their complexions. "Among those who will teach school till an event happens which will change the whole future current of their lives will be Misses Thoberg, Weckel, Lee, Duenweg, Rockefeller, Sampson, Peterson, Chester, Beck, Wade, Berg, Hullander, Cramer, Gruber, Latson, Archibald, Crawford, Dawson, Sopp, Clark, Sackett, Wieland, L. Taylor, Fiertag, Stryker, Red- den, Montague, Moore, McDonald, Cain, Lemmon, Williams, Floyd, and Schattinger. I shall not say what the event will be, but leave you all in happy anticipation. "Mr, Ramsdell will become a great psychologist and unravel all the mysteries of soul affinity. He will revolutionize the art of wooing. "Miss Rosendahl will write a book entitled 'One Thousand Curious Questions', with a foreward written by Miss Hoagland. "Miss Mallaby will become an actress and star in a play written by C. Newcum, the cast of which will be composed entirely of women. Other leading parts will be taken by Misses Bruns, Haney, Daley, Meyers, Dietrich, Brainard, Desmond, and Padgett. "The three Miss Thompsons I will class together, for convenience, and say they will all get married. "Miss Desjardins will go to Europe and marry an Italian count. "Mr, Guy Roberts will become famous as the inventor of a special brand of chewing gum, guaranteed to remove freckles and re-sod bald craniums. "Miss Margaret Taylor will organize a society for the care and pro- tection of aged and decrepit cats. The other ladies in this society will be Misses Cumley, Wills, Goodrich, Douglas, Daven, Kingwill, and Eula Smith. They will rescue untold numbers of homeless feline waifs. "Miss Preston will be the founder of a new faith cure sect. Among her followers will be found, Miss Mau, Miss Harris, Miss Dean, Miss Burkett, Miss Bell, Miss Horton, and Miss O'Connell. . "Mr. Cameron will enter the prize ring in a few years and become the world's champion lightweight pugilist. He will lose many old friends and make many new ones by this move. "Miss Philips will found and edit a journal devoted exclusively to the wants and needs of the sterner sex. On the staff will be: Miss Tupper, literary, Miss Stark, agriculture, Miss Wimmer, handicraft, Miss Berg- strand, needlework, Miss O'Connell, hairdressingg Miss Alan, child study, Miss Wilson, animal husbandry, Miss Myrtle Baird, sports. "Brainard and Johnston will join a circus, Brainard as a strong man, Johnston as the juggler and trick bicycle rider. Johnston will later join the police force of New York city, while Brainard will marry and hustle to sup- port a large and handsome family. "Miss Dobson will organize an Arctic expedition in the cause of science. She will be assisted by Misses Crowell, Donaldson, Baird, Faris, Hamilton, Lapham, and Cavan. They will not discover the pole, however. "Miss Martin will be the Woman's Rights candidate for president in 1932. Her campaign will be conducted by Misses McGowan, Mallonee, Miner, Murray, and Marx. I can not say at this time whether she will be elected or not. "Mr. McKelvie will settle down in a New Mexican village and become the proprietor of a steam laundry. He will also build and operate a roller skating rink with ice cream parlors adjoining. He will be assisted in his enterprises by Miss H. Smith. "Miss Statler will found an association for the study of social conditions all over the world. Among those persons whom the association will send to foreign countries will be Miss Rose, Miss Lawler, Miss Wasley, Miss Parker, Miss Wolf, Miss Cleverly, Miss Hershey, and Mrs. Scott. Miss Wasley will figure in a romantic elopement with a Russian nobleman, and Miss Cleverly will become the bride of a Chinese mandarin. "Many of the members of the class will join the U. S. navy. Of these I can name Miss Robinson, who will become an admiral, Misses Bonham and Warner, who will become commodores, while Misses Baily, Lane, and Brooks will each be a captain of a vessel. "Not a few of the class will distinguish themselves in the field of science. Miss Barmettler will invent a new breakfast food, Mrs. Gardener, a clothes wringerg Miss Coughlin will work on the air ship proposition, and Miss Earle will spend seventeen years of her life teaching a pet monkey to talk, just to prove to science that it can be done. "Miss Carter will become a missionary and go to Japan. "Mr. Allsworth will go to Boston and become a cab driver. He will finally win immortality by writing a dictionary containing 739 new words. The word upon which his chief claim to distinction will rest will contain 119 joints and 276 bones inthe complete skeleton. I cannot think just now what it will mean. "Miss Donaldson will become a banker and invent a new kind of elastic currency. "Miss Gaines will start a movement for the beautifying of our country roads and school houses. She will enlist in her services Misses Dixon, Ellsworth, Roberts, West, Sperry, and Mrs. Howard. They will make the whole country blossom as a rose. They will introduce the custom among the farmers of painting the cows and pigs to match the colors of the landscape. "Mr. Hurley will become a Methodist minister and work in the slums of one of our large cities. His work will be supplemented by the W. C. T. U., and his untiring efforts in behalf of the cause will win him undying fame. "Thus will the hand of fate work out thy destiny, oh glorious class of 1908, and woe to him who would by any effort or wicked subterfuge attempt to change his fate as it is herein written. " HOMER KYLE. Glass will We, the class of '08 of the Colorado State Normal School, at the city of Greeley, where the wind, blowing without ceasing, has carried us to school every morning for two years, our brains having been tossed about in the whirlwind of learning until enlarged by the deposit of knowledge in the form of psychology, pedagogy, philosophy, and experience in the training school, being about to enlist as pedagogs in the battle of life, putting on the armor of knowledge, the helmet of discipline, the shield of optimism, and the sword of determination, and realizing the dangers and difliculties in- volved in the accomplishing of our purpose, namely, to unfold the bundles of possibilities of our land, knowing the perils of encounters with school boards and parents, do hereby make this, our last will and testament: To the faculty, who opened the bag containing the whirlwind of learn- ing which has prepared our brains and labeled us pedagogs, we leave the knife of skill sharpened on the whetstone of our unusual ability, that they may more easily cut the strings of the bags of learning prepared for suc- ceeding classes aspiring to join our ranks. We do also leave to our revered friends, the members of the faculty, the flower of memory, sweetened and enriched by our personalities. 'To Zachariah Xenophon Snyder, our honored president, we leave a hap- pier, more cheerful outlook upon life, because of our brilliancy in the expo- sition of philosophical topics. We do also leave the aforesaid Zachariah Xenophon a vivid mind-picture of the last developed stage in the evolution of women's hats. To David Douglas Hugh we leave the possibilties of the training school more possible because of our genius. To Vernon McKelvey we leave the fond memory of having secured some of our good money, and also the privilege of getting as much more as pos- sible from our successors, assigns, and residuary legatees. To Albert Frank Carter we leave a greater joy in the care of the library, because of the multitudinous imprints of our fingers left in those volumes now under his care, as we endeavored to perfect, to brighten our armor of knowledge. To our worthy, tho unsophisticated, successor, the Junior class, we leave the time-honored title, Senior, hoping that the shining light which our career has placed about it may be a stimulus to them to push onward and upwardg that they may not dim, tho they can never surpass, that light. We do also bequeath, give, and assign to the said Juniors the campus, made more delightful because we have trod its paths, these walls, made harmoniously resonant by the echoes of our voices g the class rooms, where each bench and chair, and even the very atmosphere, bears witness to the illustrious demonstrations of our superior "thinkability"g the chapel, sol- emnized by our presence, where they may occupy the notorious front seats, and in so doing become edified, dignified, and magnified thru the example of our conduct. To the said class we do also bequeath all privileges appertaining to the title of Senior. Chief among these is Senior day, when the said class may, by imitating the methods used in our victory over them, together with the utilizing of their skill as seamstresses, vanquish the Juniors, and with all the dignity of bearing and intelligence of mind becoming Seniors, don cap and gown, the emblems of wisdom and integrity, and establish their authority over the Juniors. In connection with the accomplishment of this victory we do also bestow upon the said class the privileges of molesting Juniors whenever opportunity may offer, of interfering with any class meet- ings or gatherings outside of the building, and of playing the part of the "foot-pad" in connection with Junior day, whenever circumstances may permit. We do also bequeath to our said successors, assigns, and residuary lega- tees the privilege of setting apart one day in the year to "take off" the faculty. beseeching the said successors to endeavor earnestly to do this with- out injuring, bending, breaking, tearing, lacerating, or otherwise demolish- ing the supersensitive feelings of any member of the said faculty, but-to do it anyhow. To the aforesaid Junior class, we do also give and bequeath the Cruci- ble and Cache la Poudre, by means of which they may give evidence of their literary and artistic ability, striving to attain the pinnacle of fame which we have established, but to which it seems doubtful that there in- feriority can ever soar. We do also bequeath to and bestow upon the said Juniors the privilege of making their mark in the world's history, exhorting them to cram their brains so full of dramatic art thru the reading of innumerable plays, that some of this art will find its way to the hand-motor centre, and thus assist the American drama in reaching the highest standard of excellency. We do also give, bestow and bequeath to the said class, wit-h tears of sorrow and regret that we cannot be with them always, the possibilities of the training school, to be guided, as we have started them, 'in the way they should ago, that when they are old, they will not depart from it.' To the said Junior class, having their welfare at heart, and desiring that they "arrive", though it must be after much toil and labor, at that stage in the process of education and culture, where they may be honored with the degree Bachelor of Pedagogy, we do bequeath the record of our career to remind them that "They can make their lives sublime, And departing, leave behind them Footprints in the sands of time." We do hereby make and declare the aforementioned bequests, grants, and devises, by our own voluntary will, to be possessed and enjoyed by the aforenamed persons, their heirs and assigns, forever. Done this fourth day of June, in the year of our Lord, nineteen hundred and eight, in the City of Greeley, State of Colorado, in the presence of the three competent witnesses required by law, and in accordance with our solemn will and earnest desire. In witness whereof we do hereby affix our hand and seal, and cause to be affixed through the oflices of a legal notary, the great seal of the-State of Colorado. So help us Zachariah, THE CLASS or 1908. Attest: FLORENCE NOLL. Usefulness of Grace Perhaps few people realize the part that trees have played in the his- tory of the human race. A tree, a mere apple tree, caused Mother Eve and Father Adam to transfer their household Wares to less pleasant quarters. Had it not been for that apple tree they might still be doing light house- keeping in the Garden of Eden. Normal schools and pedagogs would still be undiscovered treasures. Even before Adam's time trees were indispensable to the life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness of our primitive ancestors who swung from limb to limb in the dense forests, never dreaming of a posterity who would walk about on sandy plains. Somewhat later, when man had evolved from the tree climbing race, and even after the time of the Garden of Eden, our forefathers crossing the desert waste in search of the "Promised Land" rested beneath the shade of sheltering palms. There is a story told of a lonely hermit, who, having lost his hut in time of flood, imitated his august ancestors and spent the remainder of his life in an oak tree. It is told also of this hermit that he liked the tree much better than the hut, delighting in throwing acorns at the few pedestrians, and acquired much agility in climbing among the branches. fThis is only another proof that man recapitulates the history of the race, and a tree helps prove itll Then, have we not the story of the Immortal Father of our country? Pause and consider, Ipray you, what an important part a cherry tree played in the history of America. This story is a life-long reproach to prevaricat- ing mankind-and all through a cherry tree! Trees have ever been the delight of beauty-loving man, who it seems inherits a love for them and a realization of their usefulness. The people of Switzerland at one time, feeling a necessity for trees, planted acorns in a favored spot, and with characteristic patience waited for them to grow. This planting in Switzerland is said, by many, to be the origin of Arbor day. So, from the time of Adam down to the days of the truthful George and to the present day, trees have been acknowledged as important factors in life. Certain it is that the poets who wrote the modern sentimental ballads on the shade of the old apple tree, etc., appreciated the use of trees for various purposes. Twentieth century Normal school people recognize this fact. That is why we are celebrating Arbor day. We may not plant cherry trees for a modern George to cut down, nor an apple tree to tempt a second Eve, but who knows to what use today's planting may be put some future time. Experiences of a JBeech In undertaking to write something mirthful upon trees, I hear I have been transplanted bodily from my native literary soil and in this paper am only putting out the merest shoots. In fact, I never hope to become fully acclimated here. At any rate I shall tell you a little about a fine old tree which is now anticipating its fiftieth birthday. It was planted when a young sapling on a secluded lane within a hundred yards of a little farm- house, the home of six ruddy boys. During its early years it lived a very peaceful and joyous sort of life. As you know, every child has too little to do, but during the youth of this tree things were in a Worse condition than at the present time, when teachers' minds are very active in inventing useless but amusing things to keep young hands busy and to make parents feel that they are getting more for their money. The six boys, who were the tree's nearest neighbors, were no exception to the rule of having spare time occasionally. This usually happened on Saturday when their parents went to town. Imust say in defense of the boys that it was a very short while that they were without something to do. Childish minds work rapidly and action immedi- ately follows thought. Any Senior will bear me witness to that fact. The parents of the boys thought they had never seen quite such prompt action, when, on their return from town one day, the wonderful transiguration of the little beech into a barber-pole, greeted their eyes. Red, white, and blue rings encircled its trunk as far up as the tallest boy could reach. But the tree was not through its suffering, or the boys theirs, by the way. After undergoing vigorous scrubbing to remove the paint, it suffered the amputa- tation of six small limbs and the boys endured the application of the same according to the most approved methods of laying on. The tree has never been a participant in playing barber-shop from that day to this. Nevertheless in spite of the application of paint, the loss of limbs for- well, you all know for what they were used, the tree was a hardy one and grew year by year more stately. One very trying thing it had to endure was the agony of having a name carved out of its bark by small boys, who had just come to the realization of how very beautiful their names looked in writing, or by larger boys who were experiencing for the first time the peculiar pleasure of seeing their initials coupled with those of another. In spring the tree was very generous in offering a home to little birds and a hiding place to truant boys. That was before the present system was in force, when the children much prefer being with their dear teachers. Besides having occasional occupants of its topmost branches many pre- ferred resting under their shade, especially during the long, moonlight evenings. Perhaps I had better explain that besides the many new bran- ches of our tree, it had acquired at its foot a most inviting rustic bench, put there for the welfare of the community at large. Automobilists traveling along this road, when accompanied by charming young ladies, very frequently had trouble with the sparker just at this point. The beech with its rustic bench never failed in its hospitality and many scenes under its branches reminded one of that picture entitled "A Touch of Nature." Often on "the edge of evening" the tree had to shake its branches vigorously before the couple realized that the automobile wasn't really in such bad condition after all. Very often a young naturalist, who was exceedingly interested in trees, strolled in this vicinity, accompanied by a young lady doing her best to be enthusiastic in the same line. Upon one occasion, after pointing out some of the fine trees of the neighborhood, they turned their attention to our old friend. The young woman commented on how the noble aspect of beauti- ful trees stirs up the deepest emotions of the soul, and patting its great round trunk she went on, "you superb old oak, what would you say if you could talk?" The young man smiled and said, "I believe I can be his in- terpreter," he murmured. "He would probably say, 'I beg your pardon, miss, I am a beech". There then ensued a talk in a scientific strain upon beech trees in general. I Will merely say that though the conversation started on the analysis of the beech, it ended, as conversations under simi- lar conditions often do, very Wide of the mark. In fact, the last Words the old beech heard before nodding its head in slumber Was decidedly unscien- tific. But, as you seniors know, it is now agreed that one man may live with another With a comparative degree of safety. Judging from appearances I believe some such arrangement Was made right there. Since Arbor day has been so faithfully kept in that district the beech is still hale and hearty. It no doubt feels from its experience that human be- ings are rather interesting phenomena at any rate. FLORENCE A. THOMPSON. tx M , ,iff X 'ii X VL. ?"' 57' x ,132 I ut' , A ' ris- all lg ' :1 all .,,,, ..,,. 5 ,K I-- " -4 L ' - Blfor'-'Taklhq K-Fleur Taking 1Rcminisccncc of a Senior As I sit idly dreaming of the days novv done, Of the struggles, the defeats, and the vict'ries Won, I forget the many months that have passed since We First climbed Old Normal Hill as happy as could be. It Was early in October and the long, autumnal rain Had left the Normal campus all green With grass again. The breeze that waved the branches on that bright, beguiling day, Brought forth the fairest visions in the rain-bovv of the spray. Early in the morning, when the coming of the light Together with Aurora, had put the stars to flight, Old Sol arose in glory and brightened as he sped, While he painted all the heaven a bright and glorious red. The grandeur of the morning and the splendor of the noon, With its bright and dazzling sunlight all passed away too soon, And all that quiet afternoon, as onward came the night, On cedars, elms, and maples there was a golden light. It sifted through the aspen leaves, it glorified the hill, It made the town and river look brighter, fairer still. Here and there among the branches scampered forth the little squirrels, Now and then along the breezes floated-sounds of Normal girls. Finally the splendid setting of the sun had come and gone, Then the deepening shadows lengthened and the darkness staid till dawn Ah, the world seemed far away and I was at my rest, Every lambkin in its fold, each birdie in its nest. Early, at the gray of dawn, I awoke me with a start, Whence that dread and restlessness? Why that sinking of the heart? What it was I did not know, naught could I about it tell, But a terrible foreboding seemed to hold me in its spell. The day is dark, the clouds are broad and deep, No sound is there save from the wild wind's sweep, The aspen leaves hiss out like spectral ghosts, In gusts the elm of his great power boasts. And now the tempest rages in its might, The rain pours down mid streaks of yellow light, In all its fury now bursts forth the storm, When Prexy thunders forth-"Hast thou a HornCeD?" Soon the storm was over and the clouds had passed awayg The dream and the dreamer had gone away to stay. Oft the sky was dark and oft times 'twas light, But tho the way was rocky, yet for wisdom did we iight. And now, all ye Juniors, so fresh and so new, Remember that we Seniors were ONCE Juniors, too. Don't get discouraged and do not be sad, When you smooth off the corners, you'll not be so bad. We know it is painful to see your crude looks By the side of a Senior, so learned in books. But cheer up, old Junior, if you cannot be wise, Be as wise as you can be and emit no more sighs. -A. LOAVE DOBSON. SNAPSHOTS OF THE FACULTY l CLASS MOMENTO OF 1907 Gbe library The growth of the library of the State Normal School has been an inter- esting one. The first library room was eight by sixteen feet, with about two hundred and fifty volumes, most of which were reference works. This little room was on the second floor of the east wing, being originally inten- ded for a cloak room. In it, during the fall of 1891, some real, earnest work was done. In the spring of 1892 the library was moved to the room now occupied by the first and second grades, on the Hrst floor of the east wing. Books were added, cases purchased, a librarian secured and much interest was centered in this new room, twenty-four by forty feet. It here became the den of every earnest student. In 1893 it was moved to the room now occupied by the kindergarten. This room is twenty-six by fifty feet. Here it remained till 1894 when it was removed to the central room, thirty by ninety feet, on the second floor of the main building. It was soon found necessary to enlarge these quarters, by adding two more rooms, one at the end of the regular library, and one across the hall foradocument room. These quarters were kept, altho the rapid growth of the library made it almost imperative for more room, until the fall of 1907, when the splendid new building now occupied was completed. This building is constructed of white pressed brick and white sandstone in the Renaissance style of architecture. Its dome may be seen from down town directing wayfarers to the path of learning. The main entrance, with its beautiful Corinthian columns, is an imposing gateway to the pursuit of culture and knowledge. ' i i i Inside the building is essentially modern American. The main floor, eighty-five by one hundred and eighty feet, is in one large room, with book stacks and working places for about four hundred students at the tables. Rooms for the librarian's office and for cataloging are separated from the main room by natural oak partitions. The text-book room, several of the museums, the needle work section of the domestic science department, and the "Crucible-Annual" office are in the basement. The woodwork, finishing, and furnishing of the library thruout, except the bookstacks, is done in natural oak. The bookstacks are of art metal, constructed by the Library Bureau, in most approved style, giving the best possible arrangement for the books, and at the same time giving little sur- face for obstruction of light or accumalation of dust. Footfalls are dead- ened by the Scotch cork linoleum, which covers the entire iioor of the main room and the hallway leading to the Normal building. The wall decorations are dignified and harmonious. The colorings are soft and restful. Many windows afford an abundance of light and air. The large stained glass window, representing art, music, and history in the east end of the main room was given by the .class of 1907. It stands as a me- mento of their love and loyalty to Dame Normal. In the evening the build- ing is well lighted with fixtures in black metal, with opal globes. There are 28,000 volumes in the library, exclusive of text-books. Pam- flets, to the number of three thousand are cataloged and placed in boxes under the class number with the books on the same subject. There are also about 9000 pictures. These include a fine collection of photographs of paint- ings. colored pictures of animals, birds, places, etc., for use in the classes. Besides these. lantern slides and stereoscopic views are kept for the student teachers. . Government publications are almost complete in agriculture, geology, education, Smithsonian, and ethnology. The library subscribes regularly for about two hundred and ifty-five of the best magazines and educational journals. Some of the leading daily and weekly nswspapers are taken by subscription in the reading room. It also receives, through the courtesy of the publishers, most of the county papers of the state, and many of the religious papers of the country. As volumes of the leading magazines are completed, they are bound and placed on the shelves as reference books, forming a magnificent collection such as is rarely seen in any library. To facilitate the use of periodicals, Poole's and many other good indexes are provided. The library contains many rare and valuable works, such as Audubon's Birds of America, Buifon's Natural History, Nuttall and MichauX's North American Sylva, Linnaeus' General system of Nature, and the works of Kirby and Spence, Cuvier, Jardine, Brehm, and others. It all contains all the best modern works in natural history and science. It is also particularly rich along the lines of American History, Pedagogy, Psychology, Philosophy, English and Literature, Music and Art. It has recently received the valuable works of Sargent. The rapid growth of the library may be ascertained from the fact that 2,247 books have been added since September. The juvenile library is a very interesting and essential part of the work. There are many volumes of juvenile literature, ranging from what interests children in first grade to high school, inclusive. Many of the books are found in the different grades, where pupils act as librarians. Thus the children are led to read such literature as will form correct notions of life, and cultivate in them a taste for what is good and wholesome in the forma- tion of character. The library, With all of its advantages, is an attractive place for students. As many a visitor has remarked, "It is an inspiration to study". Any hour in the day, numbers of students are seen, busy at the tables. A vast amount of reading and much earnest work is done here. The library is in charge of a most efficient library stai, consisting of Mr. Carter, chief librarian, and his two able assistants, Miss Boyd and Miss Yardley. J . M. GoRDoN. Glass flbcmcnto The class of 1908, after having considered fairly its every chance for beautifying our already artistic building, found its golden opportunity exist- ing in the Library, where the sun's brilliant rays flash through a large, three-panel, arched window in the western end of the room. Here it was decided to put in a stained-glass window significant of Western Civilization, as a companion to the Eastern Civilization window, placed in the opposite end of the Library by the class of 1907. A masterful design for such a work, made by the Copeland Glass Co., of Denver, the same which so ably filled the contract last year, was accepted. The panel effect is worked out in much the same way, except that because of the difference in 'Hl01l1f, "The Advance of Western Civilization," not the arts but the industries are the theme. The left hand panel shows the savage Indian alone on the plain with its background of snow-topped mountainsg the middle panel advances to the taming of the animals, the bison, guided by the arm of Progress, being the strong figure of this part of the design, the third panel shows the smelter and the factory with Civilization in the foreground, the crowning step in advance. At the base of each panel are narrow plates, giving the name of the window, as well as its doner. Fin- ishing all is the arched portion, containing a running design in leaves and flowers. The very theme of the window gives a broad scope to the painter's brush in the use of rich shading and richer blendings. It is done in harmo- nious tones of brown, blue, yellow, and green, all giving life and meaning to the figures represented. fllbuseums Another field of reference has this year been added to the school. Pre- viously the well-stocked library, which is the usual place for reference work, was thought sufficient. All observation work on art, history, and industry, was necessarily confined to a very limited field. But a museum for each de- partment has now been established, and things which could only be read about may now be seen. A museum is a place to gain information from tangible objects, a place not to read of things, but to see them. Most of X x these museums are located in the class rooms, where they will be of use in recitation work. Hence they are working museums, particularly adapted to their own field of research, but overlapping in relation to other subjects and making of the whole a unit. The English museum contains all the material necessary to show the evolution of text books, old illustrated editions, pictures of literary char- acters, and plastic forms to illustrate the great pieces of literature. The dramatic museum in the same room will illustrate the evolution of the dra- matic art by small statues, pictures of great theaters, choice editions of plays, and representations of actors and actresses in different characters. The historical field is very far-reaching. Among the many things which will illustrate the work are the flags of all nations, Indian relics, samples of modern industry, the evolutionary stages in pottery, and pictures with frames which are easily adjusted and so made as to keep the pictures from the wear to which they are subjected when contantly handled. Relics of historical interest will be added from time to time. In the classical museum are installed copies of old Greek and Roman writers, pieces of statuary and bas-reliefs, all showing the activities of these peoples. A The psychological museum will be mostly in laboratory form. Collections of brains, old books on psychology, old charts, apparatus for experiments, and many modern texts will all tend to make this museum a working suc- cess. . In the museums of the lower forms of life, or in the biological depart- ment, all the necessary material for this extensive study is found. There are insects, reptiles, star fishes, and many other specimens. All are mounted and set up so as to be a joy to the study of natural history. A branch of nature study that has developed a museum worthy of special attention is the department of taxidermy. Birds of all species may be found here. One collection is of two hundred and twenty-five humming birds. There are seventy-five nests and three hundred sets of' eggs. The mam- mals, mounted and unmounted, number two hundred and fifty. In the art museum' there are collections of statuary, pictures, lantern slides and ceramics. Anything, in fact, that has been considered art and is of esthetic value, may be placed in these rooms. Of this division of ref- erence work the part that deserves special mention is the ceramic museum. There are now in this museum over two thousand specimens of exceptional beauty from all over the world. The vase form of each country is repre- sented. There are terra cottas, bricks and tiles, all in the finished product. Among the museums that cannot be described at length are those of' pedagogy, geography, mathematics, domestic science, and manual training. While some of the products in all the museums may not be original, they will at least be splendid reproductions and will contribute greatly to the standing of the school. C. LAWLER. jfestival Celebrations in the Cbraoes Among the many interesting features which characterize the work of the Normal training school none were more unique or of greater interest than the Thanksgiving and Christmas entertainments. These entertainments were given by the third and fourth grades and the fifth and sixth grades, under the direction of their training teachers, Miss Dora Ladd and Miss Elizabeth Kendel, assisted by Senior teachers. Many people think that Thanksgiving is strictly an American institu- tion, originating with the Pilgrims, but had they been fortunate enough to secure seats in the Normal gymnasium the day before Thanksgiving, the little people of the third and fourth grades would have proven their ideas false. After careful searching by Miss Ladd among the customs of ancient peoples at the times of planting and harvesting their crops, and the compo- sition of rhymes by the children, a program was arranged, called "An Aryan Thanksgiving Festival." The children, dressed in suitable costumes, acted the different parts of the festival, each child being responsible for the direction of some particular part of the program. ' An Aryan father and his children were first represented, eagerly watch- ing for the "Seven Little Sisters" to disappear out of the sky before the sun was up, for, 'lWhen the twinkling Pleiads go out of sight Ere morning breaks over hill and plain, To the 'Wise Old Man' Aiva takes his flight, For 'tis time to plant our grain." 4 Aiva found the "Wise Old Man" and brought him back to his father. In a most mysterious manner the "Wise Old Man" repeats his incantation: "Sesha, Sesha, Sesha, Naga, I must know Where you lie, great snake. Sesha, Sesha, Sesha, Naga, The sacred furrow I now must make," which he proceeded to do, and the crops were planted 3 but to make doubly sure of bountiful harvests the Aryan farmers chanted, 'KFive clods of earth we throw up high, Seven grains of corn in each hole lie, The sacred bush over each hangs low, And now we know our crops will grow." The clouds and the rain were asked to come and the wind was given a sack of "nice yellow meal" to feed its hungry child, so that it would not harm the newly planted crops. The cultivation of the growing crops was carried on in the same mys- terious and solemn manner, and then came the great harvest time. The many incantations and ceremonies had secured for the people the most plen- tiful returns, and now they Wish to give thanks for the kindness which has been shown them. Wearing wreaths of autumn grain and bearing the best of all of their fruits, they bring them to their "harvest queen," who, seated upon her throne of sheaves of ripened grain, received their offerings and the crown which they placed upon her head. After giving their offerings and crowning their queen, the children dance and sang in their happiness over the success of their toil, and in this man- ner the "Aryan Thanksgiving Festival" closed. Though based upon the customs and superstitious ceremonies of olden times, the regular school work done by the children entered very largely into the making of the fes- tival, especially that done in history, while all of the marches and fancy steps were those given them in their daily lessons. Very different in character, but fully as pleasing, was the program given by the pupils of the fifth and sixth grades, under the supervision of Miss Kendel, representing Christmas in "Merrie England". This, too, was the outgrowth of regular school work, based upon selections from Sir Walter Scott. The costumes worn by those taking part added much to the enjoy- ment of the program, for they were as nearly like those worn in the days of "Merrie England" as possible. The girls decorating the "Hall" in the Christmas greens, especially the charmed mistletoe, created a holiday atmos- phere in -the very beginning, which was intensified by the procession of women waving their banners, some blowing horns, and others singing: "Come, bring with a noise, My merry, merry boys, P The,Christmas log for firing." Soon appeared the servants bearing the yule-log, the signal for the Christmas merriment to begin. "Kindle the Christmas brand, and then Till sunne-set let it burn. Which quenched, then lay it up again, Till Christmas next return." "Part must be kept wherewith to teend The Christmas log next yeareg And where 'tis safely kept, the fiend Can do no mischiefe there," told us the superstitions connected with the lighting and burning of the yule-log. After being cheered by the blaze of the yule-log, everyone, from the highest to the lowest, including any strangers who might have come in, were bidden to the Christmas feast, the menu of which, given in the lines below, made those in the audience long for a portion, too. "All you that to feasting and mirth are inclined, Come, here is good news to pleasure your mind, Old Christmas is come for to keep open house, He scorns to be guilty of starving a mouse: Then come, boys, and welcome for diet the chief, Plum pudding, goose, capon, minc'd pies, and roast beef." The Christmas dinner was followed by the most exciting event of holi- day time in "Merrie England", the boar's head procession, which consisted of the slayer of the boar, followed by the bearer carrying the boar's head, gaily decorated, upon a silver platter, while back of him came a merry throng of hunters, pages, blowers of horns, and the singers chanting, "The boar is dead, Lo, here is his head, What man could have done more, Than his head off to strike, Meleager-like, And bring it as I do before?" One of the prettiest scenes upon the program was that of Wassailing of the apple trees, where the actors formed a circle around the apple trees, dancing and singing the charmed words which they believed Would insure a bountiful supply of apples for the coming year: ' "Hats full I caps full I Good bushel-sacks full, And my pockets, too! Hurrah! Waes-hael I ' ' Next in order came the dancing of the minuet, and then the merry- makers abandoned themselves to the pleasures of the old-fashioned games of "blindman's buff," "hot cocklesf' and "snapdragon," until the mum- mers, men, women, and children, who Were in costumes of disguise, and who went about from dwelling to dwelling, giving performances for the en- joyment of the spectators, were announced, and all gave their attention to the play, "St. George and the Dragon," which the mummers presented in the most tragic manner. The happy Christmas festivities were brought to a close by the singing of carols and the telling of Christmas stories. XX . xl " , 1-422.4 V. Ngxiix 2 f 'igtrsifs '? , .4" "" W ?J',i' - " ,f T . Af X O X ,fx f 74 1, M57 ff f mf' - I, va., . ,i lvfi AVA' " Q X f f I ff 4 , f ff f f if In the Normal the value of athletics is very highly estimated. Gym- nastics is considered as one of the most essential things in school life, since it keeps up the health of the students, making them strong and powerful, both mentally and physically. A mental education gives us the practical things which we use in every day life, while the physical education gives us the finishing touches, so to speak. Its aim is health, strength, bodily development, promotion of growth and functions, discipline and attention, those things which tend to make a perfect man. If we would be strong mentally we must be strong physically, and this is just what our gymnastic course aims to do for us. Our gymnasium is large and contains every equipment necessary, and with the excellent instruction which we have, the very best of results are obtained. Besides these advantages, we have an excellent field, which is in good condition, as well as several basket ball fields and tennis courts, which are always in use. . , It is almost -impossible for us to expect to have a good foot ball team on account of the small number of young men, but this difficulty is bridged by the interest and enthusiasm shown in basket ball. Both Juniors and Seniors have teams which practice and play to the very best of their ability. The girls also take great interest in basket ball. Teams have been organized and have done some good, hard practicing, which has shown its worth in the scores of the inter-class games. i Besides basket ball there is another phase in the girls' gymnastics, that of folk-dancing. For a time there was some discussion as to whether this line of work should be taken up in the school. There is no doubt as to whether it is good bodily training. The fundamental movements of all the muscles are called into play, and it is very helpful in the development of the body. So at last it was decided that dancing was closely allied to gymnas- tics in its movements and to games in its spirit. This has been fully realized by the girls who have been interested and Who have taken part in it. It gives one excellent control over motor centers, as Well as sense centers, and We feel that much can be gained from proper teaching of dancing. Tennis tournaments have been planned for and scarcely a day passes but that one may see students spending their afternoons in practice, that they may come up to the expectations of their instructor. y 1bigb School Eltblctiics . The high school has always been handicapped by the three years course, which graduates a person about the time he begins to take interest and do good Work athletics. In spite of this the high school has put out some very creditable teams in the past and bids fair to do so in the future. During the fall the athletic Work consists mostly of training for basket ball, as the men are too light to produce a Hrst-class foot ball team. In the winter basket ball is at its height. Both girls and boys have their teams and play their games alike. Besides the regular high school team, each class has a lteam and a series of inter-class games are played, Which are very interesting and enthusiastic. There is also a cadet company, managed and oiiicered by the boys. This company does excellent Work along military lines. For those who do not belong to the company, a gymnasium class has been organized, which gives drill in marching, dumb-bell exercises, and basket ball. In the spring, track Work is taken up and every man is expected to try for the track team. The great event of the season is the Northern Colorado High School Field Day. There are seven high schools represented in this meet, and for the last three years the Normal high school has held fourth place, but this spring an extra effort is being made to raise our position. Besides the Northern Colorado meet there is a High School Field Day, in 4 1 WY. which each class competes for a cup. There are also numerous dual meets during the season, Which helps to keep us the enthusiasm of the sports. The outlook this year is not over bright as a number of our old stars have taken their leave, so the team will have to be developed practically from new material. However, there is plenty of material to Work With and the field is in excellent condition this spring. Under these circumstances We hope to put out a team at least the equal of our former teams, and one which Will break the spell which the fourth place seems to have cast over us. GHDBT GOIIIDHHQ The basket ball interests of the High School have been Well represented by the team of the Cadets. James Carpenter, Allie Gates, Merton Bed- ford, Chief Davidson, Robert Henderson, Louis Bradfield, substitute. The following representative scores speak for themselves Dec 20-Cadets vs Athletics, 53-13. Dec. 24-Cadets vs. Athletics, 43-28. Dec 26-Cadets vs Athletics, 24-21. J an. 9-Cadets vs Stars, 52-28. Jan. 14-Cadets vs. High School Faculty, 12-42. Jan. 15-Cadets vs. Company D, 52-30. Jan. 16--Cadets vs Company D, 53-19. Jan. 17-Cadets vs Normal Juniors, 22-18. Jan. 28-Cadets vs Company D, 49-22. NP ,. .f rx ., W X. I I v 6 1 4 , -1? 5 ' iliuli wiiac ' ff? ' f p ., f fs, Pg l-xUWlNlj Reminisences C21 Sxgmposiumj . The following questions were sent, by the Alumni editor of this volume, to various members of the several graduating classes of the Normal school: 1. What Was the best thing derived from your Normal course? 2. What is your most happy remembrance of Normal days? 3. Your best joke on class or faculty? 4. Does the Normal it one for business and housekeeping as Well as for school teaching? George M. Houston, '93, Sanborn Sz Houston, Greeley, Colo. While it is a very difficult thing to apportion the benefits derived from such an institution as the State Normal School, I am inclined to place most of the credit upon the exercise I had in extemporaneous and formal debate, as a member of one of its literary societies. Nor do I overlook the great help I received from many other sources in my connection with that institution. From Whatl have been able to see of life, I have concluded that a ready mind, skilled in shrewd but rather quick decision, is of the first importance in success. Debate teaches, first, the necessity of being prepared, second, the advantage that comes from practice and effort, third, confidence arising from experience, fourth, gives development from the struggle with brighter minds, fifth, affords training in quick perception, and sixth, a seasoning of the qualities of diplomacy, courtesy, and good feeling, all so necessary in every Walk of life. , G. M. HOUSTON, '93, Nana Wright, '94, Greeley, Colorado. The best thing derived from my Normal course was "inspiration for future Work". Myrna Woodruff Snyder, '95, fMrs. Cecil E. Snyderl Las Animas, Colorado. There were many good things to be derived from our Normal course, even way back in 1895. The class was small, numbering only thirty-two, so the class spirit was strong, though the opportunities afforded then were not all they are today. However, each one carried away with him the desire for further knowledge of books, of travel, and of people. As it was there I met my husband, I can say that the Normal course did much for me. The best joke played on our class occurred after we had buried all our class records, songs, etc., in a miniature coffin, with appropriate funeral rites and later discovered it suspended from our class tree, bearing the fol- lowing inscription: "On the fifth day it rose, two days late as usual". C. A. Hollingshead, '96, Principal Wyman School, Denver. The best thing I got from the Normal course was through an acquaint- ance with the lives, purposes, and achievements of many of the great characters of history. This acquaintance could have been gotten outside the walls of any institution, in so far as facts are concerned, but the knowledge is small in comparison with the spirit of the instruction, for almost without exception, every member of our faculty was an inspiring teacher and able to impart his inspiration to the class. I am sure that the Beardsley I imbibed is of more value to me than the botany, the Hays than the Latin, or the Snyder than the pedagogy. In short, the most valuable thing I derived was an inspiration to make myself worth while, and for this I am indebted to the quality of the teachers. ' Lucian H. Harrison, '99, County Superintendent of Schools, Weld County, Colorado. l OLD NORMAL,S BEST GIFTS. A generous widening of the horizon of my life's work, a vision of the real nobility of the teacher's calling, a balancing of the scale of personal interest in community life constitutes the major portion of my debt toward Alma Mater. Next to these things, I should put the conscious bringing of one's self again into the attitude of a learner, after occupying for some years the pedestal of teacher. So far as my own capacity for influencing the lives of learners is concerned, I esteem this temporary reversion to the view-point of disciple of the utmost value. Never again, I hope, shall I be guilty of holding myself aloof on a high pinnacle of superiority and doling out to the small mendicants below spare morsels of wisdom! Rather let me submerge my unimportant self in the stream of young life about me, for so only shall the ancient miracle find repetition in the finding of life by the losing of it. Grace Filkins, '01, Principal South Ward, Greeley Colorado. ENLARGEMENT OF THE INTELLECTUAL HORIZON. That which most of the members of the class of '01 derived from their Normal course more than anything else, was an enlarged intellectual horizon. The members of this class came to Greeley from factory and farm, from mountain and plain, from east and west, and north and south, and with them they brought their narrow conceptions, their idiosyncrasies and their provincialisms. From Emerald Isle via Missouri came an untutored youth who thought the United States a part of that Missouri and who believed the whole world to be controlled by Ireland. Lest this son of Erin's soil fail to make an impression, he wore tie of red, vest of green, blue coat eight inches short, and large white bloomer trousers, a yard too long, rolled up many times to prevent their touching common soil. From distant Iowa came a phlegmatic but pretty youth, Tyro the Beautiful, with massaged and powdered face, oiled hair, and lips red with rouge. Aside from his beauty this young man had just one thing in his favor, he could tell whether a paragraph was long or short. From some far away eastern state, woe unto the gods for disclosing him, came a tenderfoot, our Hamlet in embryo, seeing visions and dreaming dreams, bringing with him the narrow conceptions and childish fancies of the land from which he came. From our own Colorado came the "fair Ophelia" Cto bel, with braids of long, red hair and listless eyes of blue, who, though outwardly performing the tasks of the common day, was inwardly dreaming of some river of melody in some enchanted land. And so the limitation of the other members of the class could likewise be enumerated. They were awkward, callow, and undeveloped. But with a firm belief in their motto, "Honors wait at labor's gate," they decided to make the most of their abilities and delved into the mysteries of Science and Art of Literature and Philosophy, and gradually from day to day and month to month they left behind them their childlike conceptions and lived in a greater world, a world of broader, nobler, and more related thought. And this capacity to see things in their larger aspect and their loftier significance, it may be said, is the best thing derived from our Normal course by the class '01, M. Madilene Veverka, '01, County Superintendent of Schools, Logan county, Colorado. What is your best joke on class or faculty? It is on Dr. Snyder. In the days when the kindergarten did not have its own outside en- trance we were compelled to march the children through the hall, down stairs, and out through the basement. The children did not mingle with the other children in the practice school, and very seldom saw any Of the Normal faculty. Indeed, there were several children who did not know the Doctor. They had, perhaps, never seen him. It was the duty of one of the Junior girls to form the children in line, accompany them through the hall, put on their wraps and send them home. One morning when the little flock was marching in perfect line down the hall, with a girl at the head of the line, and perhaps one at' the rear, suddenly there approached from the direction of the office the goodly proportions of the Doctor himself. For a moment there was an awful hush, then the line broke and several of the more timid children ran to the girls in charge. Some even cried and hid their faces in "Tanta's" skirt. The Doctor saw nothing of this and came on and down upon us like the real giant out of one of the kindergarten stories. He stopped and spoke pleasantly to the girls and then turned to the children themselves, who, by this time, were in a perfect frenzy of fright. One little fellow, who knew the doctor well, having lived in his neighborhood, was not at all afraid of him. Like a true knight, he resented the terror that the Doctor had caused among his little classmates. And, too, like atrue knight, longed to avenge the wrong that had been done them. Stepping out of line, he thrust his hands into his pockets. Then he looked up and, fixing his eyes on the doctor's face, began to mumble some- thing which we could not understand. All this time the Doctor paid no at- tention to him, for I believe he did not see him. At last the little knight became tired of this lack of recognition and spoke thus: "Say, Doctor Snyder, did you know what I was saying?" "No, my little man, I did not. What were you saying?" "Well, I was saying, 'damn you, damn you, damn you, damn you'." And the kindergarten class was avenged. Marcella Gibbons, '02, Las Animas, Colorado. What modern Eve is responsible for the fallacy that school teaching is incompatible with business or home making? Or is it a modern Adam who with the irresponsible tendencies of his progenitor, would blame the woman L Q 9? 'fi L I 1 gin.. I i which Shall It fre 3 , f should the domestic or business world be "out of j oint?" In any event 'tis heresy, as our own Normal School statistics prove, and, as a member of a class containing eleven known solitaires, two elopements and a Christmas wedding, I must also concur. Can one plan and execute a systematic and intelligent program of work and thereby not affect every plan of one's life by such a discipline? Can one prepare, aim, present, and summarize a lesson and not be definite? Do not scope, purpose, method, and source, with their corresponding what, why, how, and where, enter into every cell of brain and character tissue? Where, then, is the conflict in business ? The above pedagogical terms might compose a business man's creed. In his warm, human way, Henry Van Dyke says, "It is a thousand pities to waste a woman for the sake of making a female pedant." When the system succeeds in creating an animated library with no shelves for sympathy, love, and humanity, then may we worry over the loss of the home-making qualities. So long as woman deals with children, so long will lsahe be womanly, and so long as she is womanly, so long will she revere the ome. ' f'2fL7N , , hiya? , !faHf2f!ftf!6'nP1L-f INLLSZ, 2:2216 beam, Y, Q. -' If J liz, ' 72 Ylflf' Sa 777d77'7 Seniors in! ll 'X' W- , . X, - V.- v ,J -X A it ,A . xx ' 7 5 X - , Pj '-I " s' . . A L,ff,,Aif1'-1 :.'., 8 XY V- - "nu " V-S i ',u-ij! - , ef' is Hi. , l V .' ' '2 '- il 'iff' ff 4. V .4 13 NLM ,l ' L11 ,. '.' ,,...,,--A,wl.W-v . . ,, -- f f ,S F 'gl .1 :.f-3fm:95I1gX'x,l- llef' fi 1-. X r fl -Q V 4 - ,fl . 44,-f.f..', -:Ml-.s -,- ., 1 'fi'-w "' J' My-:Vgvif'. ' U 'lx 7 2' X4 ' ',Qxfla','Af- l 1 ' -has-f X 6415-ft f .. . lr- 'al -.kr L33 : X X , .,. 'i f-mi' V! li rj X . A ,,,, V- Z7 -- . fi, ' x 71 I my Mildred Howard, '03, Third Grade, Fort Collins, Colo. Does the Normal course fit one for housekeeping as well as for teach- ing? Well, Ishould say so. At least it fits one for keeping "Old Maids' Hall". This year four of us teachers are using two phases of our Normal training by teaching and keeping house, The success of these two occupa- tions would be apparent if you could see us at the end of each month cash- ing our warrants, and at each meal time emptying a well-filled table. "How did you schoolmarms learn to cook?" asked the surprised guest, as the two, who were doing the cooking for the week, brought on the care- fully prepared meal. "We took cooking at the Normal School." "Is that so? Do they teach sewing, too?" V "Oh, yes, we make all our own clothes," and the weary pedagog in- wardly hugged herself, hoping she had made an impression. The only thing that lacks in our housekeeping scheme is the man. There was the same lack at the Normal. Let us hope it will not become a habit. Axel Johnson, '04, Principal Park Schools, Trinidad, Colorado. The class of '04 has demonstrated that the Normal course fits one for business and housekeeping as well as for school teaching. The course deals with the most interesting of all created things,-human life-theoretically, practically, intimately, and sympatheticallyg it deals with real life for the sake of a better life. What institution can do more? One of the best things derived by the class of '04 was the result of its unusual social advantages g no other claas has made so many and abused them so little. The social organization of the class went beyond the class organization. For athletics, social and religious purposes, it included all the young men of the school. For loyalty to school, fraternities and sororities were organized. In all these, the closest sympathy existed between the boys' and girls' organization. The class of '04 knew how to organize, used its organizations judiciously and derived great benefit from them. Harry Van Churchill, '05, Wyman School, Denver. As whatever we get anywhere is crystallized in some belief, hence I offer the following as being the portion, which I got at the two years' feast, of that which is of most avail in this world: Credo:-That humanity is good and has those inherent qualities which promise to posterity that it will have a better place wherein to dwell than We have today. That the qualities that give promise are embraced in the heart. That the heart is supreme, the head and hand inferior. That the chief end of any school system should be the cultivation of the emotions. That the chief requisite quality of a teacher is that the teacher possess not only a mind known for its charity, not only a motor power known for its ability, but most of all that she possess an emotional nature that glorifies the product of mind and hand. That one of the essentials of any system of education is humor-humor here meaning the cognizance and recognizance of the eternal fitness of things. That the pre-eminence of the State Normal School is due to the wonder- ful directive and creative genius of its head. That our Alma Mater is a school of promise. That what she is today she will surpass on the morrow. That we should never cease striving to widen the influence of the State Normal School-that there is but one way to do this, and that is to be true to those principles which in the aggregate make our Alma Mater what it is, the greatest Normal school in the world. Selah. . W. D. Blaine, '05, Principal, Pueblo, Colorado. Through my instruction at the Normal, I learned one of the best lessons that the true teacher can ever learn: utter disgust for that kind of work, which still pervades a large percentage of our schools-" Dead Work." If the Colorado State Normal School has stood in strong opposition to any one feature of our public school work, it has .been against this: the doing of aimless, useless, lifeless work, work that is all lost because the functional value, the life value, is never reached, work that does not appeal to the child since it is so presented that he cannot welcome it, because he sees no value in itg work that is not planned with the view to reach that plain where a generalization may be made, work that is void of all the essentials that make work pleasant, helpful, and inspiring. The question ever before me in my teaching is: what life value has this lesson for these boys and girls ? IThe class of '06 has done its duty in making this article a success, for the three answers all came promptly, which cannot be said of the other classes, and as a reward we give them extra space.-Ed.l Winifred Sibley, '06, Denver. At first thought it seems impossible to pick out one from the many joyful times, both in work and in play, and deliberately, in cold blood, call it the best. Gym? No, although I must confess, I found a keen and wicked delight in taking as many "cuts" ss I could. Nor are thrilling C175 lectures by Miss Dopp my most treasured recollections. But the most lasting, the most satisfying of all was the chorus work under the able and skillful direction of Mr. Stiffey. Singing in chorus or playing for it, I did thoroughly enjoy every minute. What wonderful things we use to do, and how proud we would be when someone commended our work! At the same time it was all Mr. Stiffey's work, but he stood modestly back and smiled. Yes, I think I can truthfully say that the one thing I long for more than all others is chorus practice. - Lelia M. Wells, '06, Superintendent City Kindergarten, Grand Junction, Colorado. In considering the kindergarten work with its many phases, andas a result, the widely differing channels of thought which are opened to one, there stands pre-eminent among all the realization of the two not to be separated facts, that in every life there exists apossibility of much good, and that in every part of the universe there is to be found wondrous beauty. The one depends on the other. The good which lies latent in the soul of some human being may be aroused and developed only though an apprecia- tion of some beauty which the Creator has placed within the grasp of such an idividual. The realization of these existing truths seems more than to double the pleasures andtjoys of one's life. Surely this alone would make the two years spent at the Colorado State Normal School worth while. Myrtle Marshal Blaine, '06, Pueblo, Colorado. Housekeeping, as I understand it, comes under the broad head of home- making, with all its various responsibilities and opportunities. Does one, after leaving the Normal, feel as confident to undertake the management of a home as of a schoolroom? If he has partaken of the depths and not the routine of the work, I should say yes. There is a beautiful spirit of con- secration about Normal school work, which, fostered during one's stay there, may be carried into the home as into the channels of school work. The work in philosophy was full of food for thought on homemaking, since the home was considered the unit of society and on its preservation rests the worth of any nation. The Normal training gives one a sense of personal obligation and management. Each student is made responsible for carrying out a part of the work of the institution. When one is placed in a home, something confronts one each day which must be arranged for, and one's executive abil- ity is called into action. I feel, if one were contemplating marriage alone when entering the Normal School, that he could profitably spend two years with the prescribed course, paying especial attention to the excellent course oiered in Domestic Science. Franklin E. Latson, '07, Portland Cement Co., Rocky Ford, Colo. Dear old Alma Mater! What fond recollections twine themselves about you! How happy and full were the days spent in your halls and upon your broad campus! What a Hood of happy memories comes rushing over us as we give ourselves up to reverie! How hard for us, the youngest of the flock, to confine ourselves within reason when we recall the apple bake in the gulch that night when we, as recreant Juniors, painted the campus fence posts! How high the excitement ran when the Seniors were to don cap and gown and we were working so hard upon our mock gowns! And how good "Mother" Forsyth was to us all! And didn't we worl: for field-day, and weren't we proud of the showing our girls made even against fearful odds! The Senior year! How like one long, glorious dream it is even now, and yet how real at our awakening out in the cold world! So let's "Give a cheer for naughty seven, For that class that knew no fear." and boost for the promised reunion in 1912. g L, If r 'X gvffif l I ,312 2 A gy! I ' V" i L -P27571 , if H453 Q Q' Mt i DSN f f Q X . " ' f Z ,.1',:,.14' - WX X ' 1. I I X f W uiffiff' ,N " " A 1 N- f , ix xx . A ' ' , ' ff' HAZ", NE Qx a T Q u ,Q i f , X 1 - ,ZQQQ-sfsiw ' ff ,.-: f , -Affhepkvtaf ff i A., X f 5, -: S1 A ,2Q4Qa' ,Mx- i?-F1 H - ,Z F Y 1i:E:w .-4:17 . WQTM mnfmce foward none Wg'ih Ckarim Ser 3,129 5okes anb Grimes PRELUDE. "Use everyone according to his deserts and who shall, escape a grinding?" The latest scientific theory states that it is best for the advancement of the human race to point out to man his few 'faults. In accordance with this theory, the staff wishes to lay before a limited number their minor defic- iencies in a kind and sympathetic way. Prominent people are mentioned here. Others should be sorry that they are not thus immortalized. Rev. Bayley, when speaking in chapel. "How did Romeo know Juliet?" Student body. "By heart." According to Dr. H. the human race is divided into two parts, as follows: Young men are cattle, young women are angels. While Dr. Roberts wasispeaking to us in chapel one morning, the 10:15 bell rang and some of the Seniors left the room. The Dr. looked bewildered for a minute and finally said, "Well, Ithought the fact that I made a speech here eight years ago had been forgotten by this time." Has Mr. Cross ever seen five poetic feet? How many stars does Miss Parker really have? CMy Starsllll Prof. Ernesti. "In studying the principles of perspective, remember that the height of the observer varies with the height of her pampadourf' A Prof. Chambers remarked in class that the beaver is the nearest of all animals to the human species because it can dam so well, On November 4 Prof. B. cracked a joke in biology. Too bad the ma- jority of the students missed such a rare opportunity. Prof. C., during a discussion of auditory sensations. "What do you get when you pull a cork out of a bottle?" Class. "Popl" Prof. C. "Yes, sometimes you get pop and sometimes something else." Heard in psychology. '4When a Greeley audience is listening to an or- chestra or any kind of music, you may be sure it notices the beats." CLoud laughterj Dr. S. in philosophy. "Were you raised in the woods?" Mr. H. Cemphaticallyb. "Yes, sir, Iwas." The pupils of the sixth grade were requested to write a paper about the oath of allegiance which was taken by the knights in the middle ages. When the papers were handed in, one of them began with this startling statement: "When the knights took the oats-." i Prof. Hugh, when calling for our preferences in teaching for the term. "Now, if you find that your subjects conflict, don't have hysterics, but come around and consult me." I N jfavorite Songs of Etuoents Bessie Alexander- ' 'Alex-Lander. ' ' Homer Kyle-"A Nice Girl Could Do Wonders for Me." Cecelia Lawler- "The Maiden with the Dreamy Eyes. " N ellie .Sampson-"Wait Till the Sun Shines, Nellie." J. S. I-Ioward-"Because I'm Married Now." Anna Duenweg- ' 'Cheyenne ' ' Charlie Newcum-"Little Tin Soldier." Brainard Allsworth- "The Waning Honeymoon. " Will Hurley-' 'Coax Me. " Harry Johnston-"Can't You See I'm Lonesome?" Mr. and Mrs. Zingg-"Picnic for Two." Edith Forbush- ' 'Dreaming ' ' Clarice Philips-"Ah, I Have Sighed to Rest Me." Hallie Gammon-"Ah Wants to Be the Leadin' Lady. " Hazel Hoagland- "Take Me to St. Joe, J oe." Isabel Warner-"Absence Makes the Heart Grow Fonder. Lynn Jones- "I'm Trying to Find a Sweetheart." Florence Noll-"Can You Blame Me for Loving that Man? Juanita Bell-"Fare Thee Well, My Fairy Fay." Edith Stern-"Hush, Honey, Hush." Eva Earle- ' 'Fiddle and I. ' ' Hortense Knapp-"The Message of the Violet." Grace McDonald- "Since My Love Now Loves Me Not. " Deborah Ross-"Why Don't You Try?" Florence McGowan- "Dangle Him Lightly." Jimmy Lockhart-"I'm Glad I Met You, Mary." Anna'Roe- "You Can't Guess Who Flirted with Me. " Clarence Finch-"When Man Is Fancy Free. " The Normal Girls- "When Maidens Wait." so ff X' im l YI WF, Q fx Xe If X. l ' ' ' N c ill '?Q'lli1f,rl,,if5'i1 1 '-lfl2l'.':1pw.-1' .L wif c I 'x . W ' V I 1 yffzlyjllllw 5 'l - -f lf '-., , -' f ,gf ff ' , - J 17" i g' X 2 ' Iili f 1 jj? ggi: . ' '- 'Z 5-X x' A -- -123 ' -:sf-Q- L Q L"",. 2' 7 Sonunbrums Why does " V " apply the paint so well on " show night ? " Who has Fred's heart ? How many girls has Brainard had? . Will Kyle delay much longer ? Is he depending on his " native ability " along all lines ? Why did Ethel feel as though she were in other shoes when teaching before the Juniors ? , Why do they call Edna the " Forward " child ? ' Does Maye still hear from Jack ? Does Clarice stand for the " Wright ? " How long have the two " B's " in the eleventh grade been so devoted ? Why it is always so quiet in the Crucible-Annual office ? Questions anb Elnswerc Why will Howard make a good angel? Because he harps so much. What's Kyle's favorite compliment to others? Telling them that one glance at their facial expression makes him laugh. What is McKelvie's bad habit? Trying to convince others how conceited they are. What three letters of the alphabet look well together? B, C, and D. CBruns-Collins-Dicksonj. Name an old fashioned joke. "Frederic has been caught knapping. " What are Murray's favorite names? Maye and Jack. Name some good bluffers. Forbush, Hibner, Tupper, Calloway, Rams- dell, Lane, Haney, and Wasley. jyzxk 'S wi? nfgxfyyi W Xi Q L NSA l 4 if . ae x it 10 'allx 5 i. mQ,i WE! .J it-i Wk? R,1 awiiffsi - ,yn eww! ,V Fwbgi' fiifig Q5 Q f: - - x I BLESS OUR Boys wx Q3 2 .. 'TA 'iw 'I . F ' . .?!'1':'2,fI1wWU2 ' , I 4 - .:,.:2:-Lffwf xl , QL .,,. , Q ' X 1 , Wx ku 1 . t V. gal MH .-QE V 14453 Sl '? Q -'Z 'P c HA ,e 1. 5 5 wwf i S C' ' A' 7' ' V? V N -, X NN mf , Q v K 'x.f,' X 1 e- -. ' ,,. f , . ml '7 4 5 V 5 if Q X . I j 3' - lb A27 :U A f . ASE fflbfgl REL 95:31 . QA X Q 55 Q X if 1' jf QE- W K k i Q LQ 2 H IIX xxx Q fx . QQ I, 'l m' ,' - 'P 'f5rfs-'Saw' xkk., I I rl L U ,Wit E I YQ-- w if M rw 2 1 ' 'A VX fig! Q 2'5- Zz , ,ff '92 49 'wi1.L1'g 1 . Q TIFF uv wo' mug 9 W' KK 3 Q A SH 'Mx ' W e 4' L W QF' X ' ,f 22, ' 9 w Chreatest Ebiscovetxg of the .Elge 1Floteo Eluthoritn 'Qiflins Immortal Jfame through Startling Disclosure After nearly a life-time spent in research and experimentation, Profes- sor Hans Weller Hochbaum positively declares that it is the Wall-flower that attracts the kissing-bugs. On account of this important contribution to science, the habitues of the Normal are seriously considering the erection of a monument in his honor. The professor is very reticent, and since he re- fused to give our representative a hearing, no further particulars can be disclosed to the eager public. 1Rememher thee Laugh of Harris, Stride of Malloby, Sarcasm of Philips, ' Deadly glances of Cleverly, Would-be innocence of Wills, Flirtations of Brainard and Ramsdell, Physical strength of Hurley, Voice of Gammon, Style of Desjardines and Bacharach, Classical noses of Doull, Howard, Gaines, and Zingg. Forgetfulness of Taylor, Stump speeches of Cameron, Poetry of Allsvvorth, Pertness of Linn, V Glances of Kingvvill, Determination of Rosendahl, Green necktie on Hamilton, i - Criticisms of Soister, Evening Walks of Roberts and B--. 5 E ' x fs: I --, . ,. '?--'H' Q-. x f JI R 'W 15 .Ji - XX? EVULUTIDN UF THE HIGH EDHUUL. EADET ,ldI:ll'IQQ!,, 'V - -T? ,'f,,' f ll 7 ..,.3'.L' 1 ,f 1 ,pjifr 1 I' l l ' f , fi f H i :Aff 'X X N I - gf, f 2 Q Q ll . 3 1 f i fig.-,ll 1,1-:af 1 I r 1 b I 4 ' l "MQ W '.x S H1 v A In I vu ' -fi ' K ' F , T1 ,Q ' ' V WEA , Q1 R f", .' -1 'I fx, . gb A -----I: N f - ' I 'I .,A., --, , llbatients in CE. 5. llfl. S. 'islospital PATIENTS. DISEASE. REMEDY. REMARKS McDonald, Mallonie. Modesty .... .... . . . . . . Speaking in public ...... "Such eyes do not dim the light of day Roberts...,..... Over grown .. . .. . A trip abroad. ......... . "Around the blonde his fancy lingers Wilson... .... Pale pills for pink people ' 'To blush is so becoming. Zingg, Howard ..... Blushing...... Married .... . .... . . . Incurable.. . .... .... , . . . "The wisest of our men. ' Harris. ...... Had a thought ......... Apply June remedies .... "Eyes of brown, hair so red perpetual motion of the head. H Juniors . ........... Softening of the brain. . Apply starch . . .... . . . . "Mind is the lever of all things Cramer ............ Gloominess .... . More "Guy"ing .... . .. "LaugliTand be merry." Jones, Lockhart .... Brain fever. .... ..,. . . . More sleep. .,.. .... . . . ' 'Murder will out. " Hamilton .. .... .. .. Apoplexy, caused by ex- cessive energy .... . . . Continuous frivolity .... . STO row with thee is pleasure West, Earle ,... . . . . Havenone............. Need none ..,.. . .... . . . "A sweet and gentle woman Brainard, Hurley . . . Nervous prostration, caus ed by excessive motori zation ..., ........... Inhibition . .... . , . . . . . "Decide on ONE to guide thee Parrot, Noll, Linn .. Loss of mind ...... .... Less poetry. .... .... . . . . "Shakespeare fain would meet thee Statler, Daven.. . , . . Missing trainsf.. . . .. .. Absence of men friends. . fl-llorgive our mentioning this too good to keep J Rosedahl, Brake . . . Dreaming .... . . . . . . . Total absence from men- tal effort . ...... "The best of men have ever loved repose Cleverly, Stern ..... Talking .... .... ......., Solitary confinement .... "Less of it, gentle dames Calloway, Thompson Chronic heart disease . . . A sight of whim". .. ... " Iknow not why I love this youth Kyle, Ramsdell. . . . . Deplorable "'l1eaning t 0 - Ward fairer sex ....... Shoulder braces .... . . "Her snares will catch thee yet Webster, Deane .. .. Gradual pining away.. . . Change of climate .. . . . . "Divinely bent on meditation O'Boyle, Noll ...... Making eyes . . .... . .. . . A chaperon. .... . ..... . . "She laughs, commands, and talks with her eyes Faculty in General. . Enlargement of the head Take students' place for a week....... UA little knowledge is a dangerous thing Useful Elrticles jfouno ' in the Senior Glass A brave Alexander. A pastry Cook. A strong Cane. A shady Lane. A "Well King". A Martin. A "great Scott". Sweet William. A ravenous Wolfe. - A speaking Dofubll. A modern Homer. A tinkling Bell. An inviting Dale. A Dobfyjson. A safe Brake. A Brainfyj ard. Folujr bushes. An eloquent Deane. Plenty of Force. An Earle. Two Taylors. A young Guy. A Rose-dahl. A Lemon. SMALL ADS TOO LATE TO CLASSIFY Open all night-Lynn J ones' mouth. I Wanted, rough on rats-Mary Louise I Cherry. i l A STUDY IN EXPRESSION Poor Fay was lonely I One day he Was Wandering listlessly about when suddenly he beheld a beautiful Dale ! Long after entering he could not Brake the charm that seemed to hold him. Finally he fell into the snares of a most refreshing Knapp. While this sleep of perfect contentment seemed to hover over him, the most delicate chimes of some enchanting Bell were heard from afar. Madly the boy rushed to do homage to the most beautiful sounds he had ever heard, and long, long did these melodious tinklings ring in his ears. Little Fay has since grown to manhood and scorns the above tale, Chalf fable and all factj insisting that he cannot believe that his early experiences Were so varied and so Mattfyjied. To-day the gentle sounds of the Linnfetj give him immeasurable Content. Tlnseparablcs 1. The athletic association and hard times. 2. Gaines and her leather bag. 3. Miss Kendel and her smiles. 4. Abbott and his lavender tie. ' 5. Seniors' and teachers' meetings. 6. Prof. Hugh and his "Five Formal Steps" 7. Allsworth and his intellectual expression. 8. Harris and her little white cap. 9. Cleverly and her dramatic stride. 10. Doull and the "Cache la Poudre". 11. Juniors and their troubles. 12. Hortense and Fred. 13. Swarts and his latest girl. 14: M. Murray and her happy look. Halstead and "chainless". 16. Malloby and that distant gaze. 17. Miss Woods and red cheeks. 18. Vera and her camera. 19. McDonald and her "sparkler". 20. Statler and her accommodating way. . 15. Escharotics Much Ado About Nothing . . . . . . . . Junior-Senior Scrap A Comedy of Errors . .... ............ . .... S tiffey's Music Class One who knows nothing ...... .......... ........ . . . . .A Junior One who knows that he knows nothing ....... . . . .... . . .... . .... A Senior Shake well before taking. . . .... ..., ........ . ................... T h ompson An uprising .... .... .....,.. .... .... ........ W h e n P rexie left the platform Lo, the Conquering Hero Comes . .... ................ . "I know you by the wagging of your head? .. .. . . . Where there's a "Will" there's a way .... .. . .. .. . "Faint heart never won fair lady" . . . . . . . . . "Why don't you speak for yourself ?" .... Conspicuous by her absence. . . .... .... . . . . . . "In sooth, I know not why I am so sad" . . .. Everything handsome about him .... , .... . Heavenly Twins .... ....... V . .... . . . . . . .The Athlete . . . . .... .Roberts .To Class Meeting .... Johnson . .... .... D ickson . . . .Rockefeller ... .. ..McDonald .... ..-Brainard Doull and Philips Breakfast flfooos we Ztahe at the 1Flormal Vigor... .... ....Gym. Force .. .. .,.. .. . .......... ..Chapel Vim .... .... .... . . . . .... English Lessons Cream of Wheat. .... . . . .Teachers' Meetings Egg-O-See . ...... . ........... Librarians Malta Vitae .... . . .... . . . .Philosophy Mush .... .... . . .. .. ..Juniors Eictionarv of latest Germs Exam--The conclusion. Cram-Act of getting short-order knowledge. Flunk-To sink into the slough of despond. ' Gym Nasiume-The only room in the building that has a Christian name. Fill of Ed. -What you have when you are almost out. Physical Torture-A remedy taken twice a week. Prof. -The man you are constantly trying to impress with your knowledge Home Run-What the Seniors made. Third Base-Place where the Juniors are now. Spelling-A Senior subject. Etc. -General knowledge. See Me-Invitation to look at the new wallpaper in the ofiice. Faculty Meeting-The only place where the faculty can joke without its getting into the Annual. Society-Place for the Juniors to wear off some of their bashfulness. Love All-Something you can't do. Clio and Francescan Speeches-An unlimited supply of natural gas. Campus-A sacred precinct where no foot may tread. Chapel-Place for devotionals and faculty posing. Teacher's Meeting-Monday afternoon matinee. Faculty Lecture-Bureau of information for empty seats. Extemporaneous Speech-Spontaneous combustion. Crucible-Annual Dinner-First square meal in Greeley. Junior Social-Time out. College Spirit-Something found outside of C. S. N. S. All Out-The chorus begins to sing. Faculty Reception-Dignity served in courses. Home Run-Fail in four subjects. Library-Cold storage room. Faculty-Those who learn their lessons for the students. Clio Herald-Place to find out how much people know about you. what Tl Tllfloulb Do if 1I 1Ran GZ. 5. 1H. 5. 1. Appropriate all rubbers and books found in the halls. 2. Take roll at chapel. 3. Have students keep note books on "chapel talks". 4. Devote iive hours a week to studying the Coda. 5. Request the faculty to make less outlines and follow what are made. 6. Give the training school a holiday twice a week. 7. Place a mirror in every secluded room. 8. Have treats by the faculty on the last day of school. 9. Extend the recess time thirty minutes. 10. Compel all stragglers to chapel to remain standing during exercises. 11. Permit Seniors to walk on the grass. 12. Have something in teacher's meeting besides the five formal steps. 13. Have Prof. Stiffey teach the faculty to sing. 14. Give good bluffers a special diploma. 15. Have the state board take extemporaneous speaking. 16. Have the faculty look pleasant, at least while they sit in chapel. 17. Have "gym" on the first and last days only, in order to give some expression to hidden feelings. 18. Require faculty ladies lead chapel. ' 19. Have the president "co-operate" with the students in running the school. Eeparting Resolutions A. T. -To get nearer the faculty. F. R.-To win fewer hearts. W. H.-Not to patronize the soda fountain so often. J . M.-To improve on my millionaire walk. F. B. -Not to make two dates for one night. F. S. -To save the Juniors from the Seniors. So help me Rogers! C. N.-Not to sing again in public. G. R. -Not to have more than one girl a week. F. M. -Not to lose my heart again. W. M.-Not to tell others how conceited they are. M. S. and L. D.-Never to miss another train. H. H. -Not to be so bashful. We intended to publish a short article on the recent marriage of Hon. B. Allsworth, but owing to his bashfulness he asked, through some fellow- students, that the article be omitted. It is said that some small threats were made against the life of the editors, hence it is both through indescribable fear for safety and through kind consideration for him that we refrain from making the slightest comment on his marriage. We even go so far as not to mention it. VVHERE FOUND NAME AGE ACTS LIKE AMBITION ACCOMPLISHMENT KNOXVN AS FAVORITE SONG McKelvie --- Fla-3312023 6o .... ---- To be known .... - Self- Hattery- --- -. Mac.--- --- "Why Am I Fickle" ...... ---- In the moonlight. N, Thompson- ,.,O ---, . ,-,, , 26 ,-,-,. ,-,, -,--, - T o grow- .,.. .,,, S arcasm .... .... T ommy .... "Mary Had a Little Lambll -- - Art room. O'Boyle ..., - .---- ..., She was younger-. Detective --- ,,.. Eyes - --- ---- O'COOk- --- "I Don't Love Thee"--------U Anywhere. Desjardines- . ---- .... 30 ,.... .... . .- .... To get fat ....,,.. Talking --- ---- May D .... . "I DOn"t Like You Nohow"--- On the stairs. Beck - ..... - O'Connel .... --- Wade .... Knapp - -- Kyle - ---- Calloway - .-- Philips ..... Martin- -- Deitrich- -- Brainard - .- Lemon - -- Sopp. -- Marron- - --- Sampson .... Wilson - .--- 29 .... 18 .... --- 13-.-- 25 .... ,.., 40 .... ---, I4 .... -----------. She oughtn't to vote 49 ---- ------ ------ She was younger-- 6 ........... ..... . 20 .... - -- 16.--- --- . 25 ..,. 3o---- ---. 16 .... .... To be a good teacher To make friends -- To make a hit ..., Newport belle- ---- Q To please Q Ieverybody S " To graduate ...... Missionary - - .... . Author .... ---, To get thin- ----- Seem dignified .... Not to tell a lie --- To know something Make suitable design for some "gates" Know more- .... -- To decide --- ---- Laughing .... .... Breaking hearts -- Flirting .,,... .... Smiling .... ...... Q Making stump 2 speeches o Kicking- .... ---- Thinking- --. ---- Talking --- ---- Speaking .... .... Getting new girls- Sliding th rough- - Arguing- ,,,, ---- Keeping still ..... . Art ...... --- ---- Wondering - ..... - Boss - -- . Anna O' .... Bonny-----. Knappy .... Mark Twain june Bug--- Chef -----.. Clara L- .--- Carrie - - - - - Brain Yard - Alpha .---- - Helen ---. ,. Flos .--- - - - Sammy ---- Grace ----.- lr cl it S 2 tr "live a Cozy Corner in My Heart For You" Teasing"-- - ----- ---- - - Eyes of Brown" - .----- ------ Then You'll Remember Me"- - "Please G0 VVay and Let Me Sleep" Love, I Am Lonely"- -- --- "SchoO1 Days" - ------ --- - rr as Let Me Pass UnnOticed"- ---- I'm Dwindling Away"- ----- . t'Love Me and the World Is Mine" I "Lemon in a Garden of L Love" "I've a Feeling For Youl' ------ "Gates Ajar"- ....---......- -- "You Don't Know Nelliel Like I Do" S si Spanish Cavalier" - -- --- Driving on 9th Ave With Leo. With some one else With Fred. Working. Around Sherman. Crucible office. Every place. Library. Fussing. Kindergarten. Cloak room. Ceramic museum. Art room. In the halls. llbrograms Elrbor Ebay, Elpril 17, 1908 Song .... ................................ S eniors Piano Solo ,... .... .... .... . . . .... . .Miss Lemon The Use of Trees .... . . .... Miss Mae Murray Vocal Solo .... . .... . .. .. ....... Miss Cleverly Experiences of a Tree .... . . .... Miss Thompson Violin Solo .... z ......... .... . . . .Miss Earle Marching Song .... ...... . . . .... Seniors Dedication of- Oak tree, to Faculty .. .. .. .... .Miss Philips Ash tree, to Motorization ........ Miss Dobson - 51Walnut tree, to Realism ..,. .... .... M r . Zingg j Oak tree, to Perseverance ,. . .... -Miss Taylor Ash tree, to Loyalty. ......... Miss Alexander Walnut tree, to Romance ...... . . .. . .Mr. Kyle Walnut tree, to Juniors ....-.... Mr. Brainard K Oak tree, to 'Seniors . .... ....... . Mr. Howard Presentation of Spadeto Juniors ..... Mr, Howard Acceptance of Spade ............ Miss Van Gorder - jf6f6 QHQ, 311116 1, 1908 Song.. . ...... ........ . ........... . .Class of 1908 A - f:Eva Earle, Elizabeth Slaughter, Stung Quartet" ll C. Kendel, Scott Thompson Class History .... .... .... . ........ W m . McKelvie Vocal Solo .... , . . .. . .Susan Cleverly Class Poem .... .... M argaret Statler Cornet Solo .. . .... .... M r. Zingg Class Will. ...... . . ..... Florence Noll Class Prophecy .... .. .... Homer Kyle Piano Solo .... .... ................. L o ave Dobson String Quartet. . Presentation of Class Memento by Mr. Howard. Song ............................... Class of 1908 Q:OIlll116I'lC6l'l16Ilt week Sunday, May 31-Baccalaureate Sermon by Rev. Father O'Ryan. Monday, June 1-Fete Day. Tuesday, June 2-Class Play. Wednesday, June 3-Alumni Anniversary. Special celebration class '98 Thursday, June 4-Commencement. Thursday, June 4-President Snyder's reception to graduating class. . REV. WM. O'RYAN, The eloquent orator who delivered the Baccalaureate for CL S. N. S. 1908. ' ' DR. HORSWELL, Who spoke to the Y. W. C. A. on Biblical subjects Zlrbor Ebay Songs TUNE-TO the chorus of "A Lemon in the Garden of Love." Does some one want to ask us, Why we are gathered here? To us it is a pleasure, That comes to us each year. A million hopes around us As we plant these trees today, Each leaf that buds out will show our love for the school, When we are far, far away. So when you see these branches, . In the years that are to come, Think of the class of 0-8 And the good that it has done, And when you hear the sighing As the leaves wave to and fro, Remember all the good that we have done at this school, Then, oh then, you'll miss us so. TUNE-H Dixie. ' ' Oh, aren't you glad you're at the Normal, Best old school and quite informal, Happy day, happy day, happy day, Arbor day. The faculty gave us a welcome royal, The Senior class is true and loyal, Happy day, happy day, happy day, Arbor day, CHORUS- The Senior class is willing, Hooray! Hooray! To plant some trees on Arbor day, Hooray! Hooray! Boom, boom, Hooray! Boom, boom, Hooray! Boom, boom, Hooray! For Seniors! When these sturdy trees are tall and grand, Oh, where will be this happy band, Far away, far away, far away, Arbor day. We'll wish to be on the campus ground, To see our trees a-growin' a-round, Sorry day, sorry day, sorry day, Arbor day. CHORUS-The senior class is willing, Hooray! etc. We'll plant these trees with thought and care, Some day to see them growing there, Yes we will, yes we will, yes we will, sure we will. They'll wave their lofty branches oier us, And softly join us in the chorus, Happy day, happy day, happy day, Arbor Day. CHORUS-The Senior class is willing, Hooray! etc, TUNE- " Hail, hail, etc, " 'Tis the spring time of the year, These trees we are now planting here, They all grow together in rain or shiny weather, All future classes to cheer. CHORUS- Hail, hail to Arbor Day, Just so our trees grow, just so our trees grow Hail, hail to Arbor Day, For these are the 0-8 trees. Song of the Elrmual 1fBoaro I. Gur band is few, but tried and true, Our leader frank and bold, And everybody trembles When the Annual's name is told. Our fortress is a downstairs room, In the basement, fast and strong, We know the rooms around us As the faculty know our throng. We know their walls of plaster white, Their doors that stand ajar, Our safe and silent room there Behind its sheltering bar. II. But woe to us of the Annual Board, Little dreaming the time is nearg On us shall light at midnight A strange and sudden fear, When waking to our "copy due", We grasp our pens in vain, And the blank, white sheets that face us We cover with inky staing For they who fail to be on time Will have it called to mind By hearing the voice of the editor On every hollow wind. III. Then our commencement brings release From planning, writing, toil,- We talk the Annual over, Forgetting our turmoil. The campus rings with laugh and shou As all its pages praise, And campus tlow'rs are gathered To crown our Normal days. With merry song we mock the winds That in the treetops grieve, And gazing long and tenderly We look back ere we leave. IV. Well knows the fair electric light The band the Annual heads, The glitter of their sharpened wits The scratching of their "leads". 'Tis life to guide the inspired point Across the lamp-lit sheet, 'Tis life to feel your energy Produce poetic feet. A moment in "societies", A moment-then away, Back to the pathless "Jokes and Grinds To remain 'til break of day. V. Grave men are there in Normal's halls, Grave men with hoary hairs, Their hearts are with the Annual, For the Annual are their prayers. And loving schoolmates greet our band With a varied welcomingg If pleased, with smiles of summer, If "stang", with tears of spring. For them we've used the trusty pen, Nor yet lay it down, be sure 'Til we have finished the Annual, Far-famed "Cache la Poudre". C. P. TZZARD Glass JBabx2 'GS 3811169 :Eliot 'QIHHDDIC GG DO' GREELEWS LARGEST DEPARTMENT STORE fligff Fig". il wr, erin F94 :"i".1?iii' 'xiwesl 31 M -fi55552525515asaasiesiasmagga:5as:gs:gaa,,m5"1,.n ...mum-.-v. ' 1' 5li?'EE:.5iE:::::: llililiilblll5122131153: 555522: I ltr! 55:52, :Hill T . - t' E E was ' , -a n !? if- MT .P h 3 .. gggiiggqfaaf' X ? ' Q: :eiQl.Tt : -A - ff We carry the most complete stock of Dry Goods, Cloaks, Suits, Clothing, Shoes, Ladies, and Gents' Furnishing Goods to be found in Greeley. All merchandise is priced on a cash basis. This means a great saving to students, being a strictly cash trade. This is a point Well Worth consid- eration When purchasing your Wants. We instruct our salespeople to extend a most cordial Welcome to Normal students and give them the best possible attention at all times. We desire to thank the students who are finishing this year for the liberal patronage they have extended us and wish them great success in the future. We hope for a continuance of the patronage from those remaining. The Condon Mere. Co GREELEY's ONE-PRICE CASH STORE Your Salary ls Too Small WHY? You donlt know enough. You are not all expert, THE REMEDY. Learn more. Get out of the crowd. HOW? Study bookkeeping, shorthand, telegraphy, drafting, penmanship, three evenings weekly. ' THE RESULT. An increase in salaryg a promotion, more happiness and less worry. Our schools are located in Denver, Fort Collins, Greeley and Cheyenne. They are all good. schools. Individual instruction is made a specialty. Assistance to posi- tions when qualified. Write or call for our free catalogue. - L. A. ARNOLD, President Mrs. Edna E. Van. Craig Class of 1892 Dealer in Fine Stationery and Art Goods. Shows superior lines in Gift Books and Art Pictures, suitable for graduating gifts Miss Nellie Chestnut Room 2:6 Coronado Bldg. Electrolysis a specialty. Shampooing, Manicuring, Scalp Treatment, Facial Massage W. H. SEARING Can supply you with anything in Cut Flowers or Design Work on short notice 712 13th Street Greeley, Colo. Morgan's Candy Box G. WQMORGAN, Prop. CORONADO BLDG. - - GREELEY G. J. CONRAD Agent for National and Iver johnson. First-class Bicycle Repairing 811 Ninth St. Greeley, Colo. Registration with The Colorado Teachers' Agency places a candl date in line for promotion. -52 The Warren-lVluth Shoe Co. For good, up-to-date College Footwear 813 EIGHTH ST REET' GREELEY, COLORADO Eat af CORONADO GROCERY Groceries and Frgsh MRS. MARY E. BROWN Fruits 823 Eighth Street, Basement, Greeley 914 Ninth Avenue - Greeley, Colorado WM- DOUGHERTY Bread, Pies and Cakes SHOE SANITORIUNI . Phoenix Bakery The place for repairs. Oppos1te Park 3105 Ninth AV. Greeley Corner 9th Street and Sth Avenue THE FLAG CLOTHING THE ALBION HOUSE GULLBRANDT, JOHANSON 8 Bone R. T. COLLINS, Prop. Clothing, Shoes, Gents' Furnishings and ElrSt'Cl?5SSCCo1?i?Qfiigg2nt?5titigymlgatilgige F1116 Tallorlng. lghls. One-half block from depot, GREELEY The Thompson Clothing Co. Good Clothing and Up-to-date Furnishings. Gialcnbar April, 1907 Dr. Snyder returns victorious from Denver. " Only one Normal." Students served with punch and wafers at President's residence. Seniors wear their caps and gowns. They sing their songs and give their yells to empty seats, while the Juniors have an inter- esting class meeting in the gym. Seniors .are disappointed because the Juniors observe their usual dignified manners. Regular class meeting, after which a grand and memorable torch light parade closes the evening's amusements. Prof. Stiffey expounds the folly of serenading. Dr. Halsted reads in chapel a paper on " Idealization of Women." Dr. Snyder lectures on the indecencies of yellow posters. Prof. Chambers reads in chapel Emerson's essay on ' 'Compensation ' ' "Every one must pay his own debt." Dr. Geil tells of his experiences in Africa. Dr. Snyder loses his temper in chapel. Dr. Snyder finds his temper and lets it fall on the Seniors in the form of an " exam." Another "exam" in philosophy. Dr. Halsted lets his wrath fall upon one of his " angels" in his arithmetic class. Arbor Day, Seniors' "blow out" spoiled by snow storm. Dr. Halsted appears in his white suit. Seniors give their Arbor Day program. President's annual reception to Senior and Junior classes. N. H. S. Boys have and inter-class field meet. Tenth grade wins. Thurlby makes your watch keep time. The Normal School can give you better assistance if you are a. member of the Colorado Teachers' Agency May Mr. Halleck talks in the chapel on " The Isthmus of Panama. " Science workers of the state are here. N. C. I. A. L. meet is held at Island Grove Park. Senior class attends funeral services of Miss Carrie Mills, a member of their class. Tenth grade banquet to High School graduating class. G. K. Boyajian, an Armenian, talks in chapel, telling of his experi- ences in Turkey. Y. W. C. A. candy sale. Mrs. Guss talks in Chapel. Such a pity she isn't here now. Prof. Stiffey has a spite at Hreformatory birds running loose. " Sigma Upsilon girls entertain Delta Phi Omega girls. Dr. Pain talks in chapel about the Hawaiian Islands. State board starts its annual visits. A Supt. Keating lectures to the philosophy class. State Supt. Katherine L. Craig speaks in chapel. Second annual N. H. S. Alumni reception held in the gym. In evening the N. H. S. graduates give K' Twelvth Night." N. H. S. commencement address by D. H. Cameron of Ft, Morgan. June A 2. Baccalaureate sermon by the Rev. Thomas Uzzell of Denver. 3. The Rev. Mr. Petty leads chapel. Fete Day. 4. Senior class play. 5. C. S. N. S. Alumni reception in gym. 6. Commencement. September 9. We meet all our friends at the station. 10. Registration day. 11. We take charge of our classes for the Hrst time. 12. Miss Hannum gives her irst talk to the girls. 13. Prof. Hugh expounds a few pedagogical principles in philosophy. 316. Miss Hannum's second lecture. Teachers' meeting. 17. Fay Brainard goes to the call of the H Bell." 18, A student's parade in philosophy. 23. Harry Johnston has finally decided on his girl. 25. Dr. Snyder gets excited over some missing books. 26. Mrs. McClenahan entertains Normal students. 27. Y. W. C. A. girls entertain faculty and students. 30. Students swear never to use wrong library number. Thurlby makes your watch keep time. Normal School graduates should start out right by placing their names with the Colorado Teachers' Agency October Thurlby makcs your watch keep time. 1. J. C.'s heart transferred its affections. Let's hope it's final. 3. W. F. Crafts of Washington, D. C., leads morning exercises. Jun- iors gets hoplessly tangled up because of late chapel. 4. First Senior class meeting. Election of officers. 3. Dr. Snyder in philosophy: " A teacher is no good who has her love squeezed out. " 9. Prof. Stiffey springs his reformatory joke. 10. Many W. C. T. U. visitors. Prof. Hays in chapel: " A small lady's watch has been found." 11. Prof. Hochbaum: " Stick to the walks." 15. Dr. Snyder gives us a dramatization of the romantic stage. 16. Mr. McKelvie has again claimed his own heart. 21. The temperature goes up in the philosophy class and we get roasted. 22. Dr. Snyder starts motorization in philosophy. 23. Strays run into chapel. 25. Second 4' Clio" meeting. 28. " Heredity " the new subject in philosophy. 29. Dr. Snyder ill. Prof. Hugh attempts to teach us the way a peda- gog must go. 31. Halloween. All the "young children" are out enjoying themselves. November 1. Seniors entertain Juniors at a Halloween party. - 4. Prof. Stiffey made happy by the appearance of a new Steinway grand piano. 5. Dr. Snyder has some motorizing in philosophy. 6. " Woman's Suffrage " the theme of the morning talk. 7. Dr. Snyder: " I shrink from hugging or being hugged. " 8. Francescan literary society is organized, Mr. Cross an honorary member. 12. Robley Quartet here this evening. g 13. Unlucky day. 14. Dean Russell of Columbia Teachers' College lectures. 1 15. Prof. Stiffey roasts the string instruments. 20. Charles Clark sings in the opera house. Very large attendance. 21. Dr. Bayley talks in chapel. 22. Seniors receive assignments for coming term's work. 25. More motorizing in philosophy. 26. Swarts and Jones "run in" the Lambda Gamma Kappa. 27. Annual "stag feed" at the Club restaurant. Latson's toast inter- rupted by the blowing up of Johnston's pipe. 28 Prof. and Mrs. Hugh entertain Senior boys at six o'clock dinner. Truby becomes of age. Thurlby makes your watch keep time. Nine Graduates of the State Normal were placed in good positions last year by the Colorado Teachers' Agency Thzlv Second Nnrnher ofthe Annnez! lfVezs Prznteei hy T he Greeley T rthnne 'whteh zlv hetter egnzjlped for nl! clones of Printzng than ony ojiee tn ZVorthern Colortzdo. Hzgh-gffneie Prtn ting inode n speeznlty. 7.22 Seventh Street Phone, Greeley 5 December Seniors take charge of new classes. Prohibition talk by Chrictlow. He tells us the " Harry " story. Senior class meeting. Dr. Halsted has an inspiration to leave chapel and rushes out re- gardless of feet, chairs, or ladies. Margaret Statler and Hallie Gammon sent from library for talking. Delta Psi boys and their young ladies enjoy a skating party. Prof. Ernesti MAD-lantern wouldn't work. A cousin of the Juniors, dressed in their colors, appeared before us. Dr. Phillips of the Denver University speaks to the student body. Truby finds it necessary to visit Collins. Normal boys have a skating party. Christmas presents given to the faculty. The Normal Dames entertain all faculty members at the home of Dr. Snyder. Appropriate gifts are given. Thurlby makes your watch keep time. The Colorado Teachers' Agency has the confidence of school boards in this state. Give it a trial. January, 1 908 Thurlby makes your watch keep time. All Normal boys at the train. Sad hearts wend their way to the classes. Dr. Snyder has the grip. Mrs. Miller at chapel. Wonder why? Electric lights a great subject of discussion. Electric lights are discussed and it seems that the prices have gone up. Senior class election at the home of Misses Fry and Emery. Cadet reception. Basketball game Seniors vs Juniors. Championship awarded to Seniors. Score 37-17. Jimmy states that a " kiss is satisfaction." Faculty and students turn out in full force to see " The College Widow." " Don't anybody buy any more of my lectures of Miss Rose, for I don't like the way they look in print." Ernesti. Fred makes a speech in English. An important class meeting at noon. Prof. Abbott sends his geography class out to get their lessons. Clio meeting. Election of officers. Mr. Bullock meets with a serious accident. " The way of the transgressor is hard. " Dr. Snyder's Irish side is dominant this morning. Miss Rosedahl searches " Silver and Gold " to see if a certain young man's picture can be seen. Francescan Literary Society has an interesting meeting. Many Clio visitors. February 4. Ellen Quinby returns for a " flighty visit." 5. Dean Hart of Denver talks to the philosophy class. Dr. Horsvvell - starts his course of lectures-" Amos " the first one. 6. " Hosea," the morning lecture. 7. Mr. Shannon sings in chapel. Mr. Hibbard talks in chapel about the advancement the Japanese have made. " The Vision of Isaiah, " Dr. HorsWell's lecture this afternoon. 9. Dr. Horswell gives two lectures. Mr. Stiffey's chorus sings, so indeed We have a treat. 10. Dr. Halsted appears in a red tie and Mr. Hochbaum has his hair cut. 11. Prof. S. H. Clark of Chicago University reads " Ulysses." 12. Vacation. Prof. Clark lectures in the afternoon and reads " King Lear " in the evening. ' 14. Valentine Day. Harry Johnston has a new girl. 17. Prof. Hadden Will not meet his manual training class to-day. Disappointment I 18. Senior day a perfect success. Juniors forget to leave chapel, and take their medicine as gracefully as possible. Thurlby makes your watch keep time. Be business-like. Do not depend on the Normal School. Register with the Colorado Teachers' Agency W MA Everything in Ladies' and W :Q ' L Children's Wear -TATT- 9 l: 2552! m av :4i:i...l:V E S i S, Only the best grades y carried. ,W A W, Prices E uf: LM' reasonable. w .ul l l lril 715' s V Endorsed by ii S 1 the Millions Now usmg them the world over xtls the perfect pocket necessity ofevery free and able thinker For the rapid and continuous transmission of thou ht mt0 writing, never misses a mark and will serve a life time ask any i owner of one The best dealers i everywhere sell them , v, v may 1 vu ' N In-V I 'D' ---1'--4 - - ' vb, - , I urns, ' . ki-'A I 32, ' V. li? if xi. ' I : ' X ff? ' . I 1 .Yi . -f .- . V. 53, , ' 4-. ,,,,-1. J 1- 1 1 . r m. .li f... gif: ' -1 fy, ,QA 1, - . ll m,:l':,ml,, 5. L Q AV . ..-- .ill'L.,.,H.,i,l i ' 'N' Y .' 1 Y. ' 1 ' .L lift ' Q i "'i"" L '- '..- ' -...FI ' - La 11Q9.fYlnq Yr-B453-':, H 6 Q Z .L , 135 'IW ra' , 5 wg H1 ':-1.3-l, lf . ' 4' fi?" :D 'QQ wwlliili A ed V- --4, iz , -'lii"i,,l'Q'iJi lg .svn , gg .Q 515 if ia 5.1.1 'Elan' Al. 11,5 ,www wwdin ra -. . g llnf ,v , 1 :lm 'xy5,5..j:?' fgjgf 1 . lyk :Inf . ..f . , gg uvlilllll V 'fnf 'lf . V . , u H.. ,, I H x my M, . A, I I , , l xg' Il. I. 5. . .I ' i l V P W , 1 . 'Mig llln-if . 5 "'xw!" G-,rf ' ' 'M gy ,M . lflilnl. r mfyi e - f- . .7 'Q - A . zl. E lugfjm "M L. .1 ' ' if Salary' -E . . 1 wr' if-all "gun 3 16:5 It - ugh' . pf? faguq i s ""ilr" I- 3. :4"!1"il 3 - , , .. .,m,g...,' F g N E Q Q: will-' ' l . V H ' ,H , , 1... H 5 ' l l xl ' 3 . . or . V ll 1 -- - D f I I . lm . If' G 11.3n'3..,...1a,...,.,6lLll,,L I You Are Always Welcome C. A.. House Philadelphia Flag Co. mZ.ll'f?Sf'e' Manufacturers of Pennants, Wall Squares Agts. wanted in schools lk colleges 19. Juniors worsteol again. Seniors appear in the bogus caps and gowns which the Juniors were to wear to chapel. 20. Ada Tupper boldly states that she has lost her heart, but hopes it will be substituted. 21. We hand in our choices for teaching for the last time. 24. Dr. Halsted says he wants to visit Mars in order to see all the " Cannellsf' 25. Two Senior girls royally entertained by Juniors. 26. Johnston "Read"s on a Hlockerl' that "Crowell" goes "Roe"ing and then "Sweet"ly smiles. 27. Leotats "papa" sends her a beautiful diamond. O, for a "papa" like that. 28. Hurrah I Spring Vaction. ' 29. Girls this is your extra day, better get busy. Thurlby makes your watch keep time. REGISTER WITH THE COLORADO TEACHER'S AGENCY. FRED DICK, Manager, Denver, Colorado. Wanted--Another Cousin. ' See Frances Doull. Business lVlen's Clearing House Co. G0 Z0 A "Placing" Agency for teachers. XN'rite """" x for catalog of terms and methods. FOR ALL KINDS OF REPAIRING C.. A. DONNI'-LLX, Mgr. Ecluczitional Department 304-305-306-307-303 Century Bldg, Agency the Racycle, Sterling, Columbia, Denver, Colorado Rambler, and Standard Bicycles The Ramsay Dry Goods Co. ALXVAYS THE BEST QUALITIES AT LOXVEST PRICES We make a specialty of the following famous makes: -A AMERICAN BEAUTY CORSETS, STERLING UNDERMUSLINS, LA VOGUE SUITS FOR LADIES, KAUFMAN SUITS FOR MEN CALL AND CALL AGAIN -A March 9. Sad hearts find the same old classes. . We find out whether we passed in English. . Allsworth tells us of the romantic period in his own life. 12. We read for parts in the class play. 13. Dr. Snyder says we live in "his" environment better than our own. Is it because it's Friday and the 13th 'Z 14. Truby makes one of his flowery stump speeches. 16 Prof. Abbott is looking sad because he hasn't his 11:10 division back this term. 17. Cast begins work on the class play. Green, green everywhere. 18 Everybody is thankful because Dr. Snyder talks all the time in philosophy. b 19 New curriculum read. It is rumored that there will be no boys in English next year. I - 3 20 Prof. Hochbaum, after Prof. Abbott finishes one of his wonderful speeches on electricity: " Is there a window up. " 23. Prof. Abbot again appears in his "dull" necktie. 24 Who hears the Doctor say " Our Educational Creed ?" 25. Crucible-Annual office vacant for one afternoon. 26. Doull and Kyle talk on the " necessity and propriety of roasting." 30. Strange man in chapel-great confusion I 31. Beware! For tomorrow you may be a fool. 10 11 Thurlby makes your watch Keep time. i We take Special Care in Fitting Women'sIn4?l?jfeet Any Normal student who trades at our store knows that. We always seek your trade. .- Phelpgig Store M. H. LGWE Confections Groceries Stationery Phone, Greeley 467. Get a blotter-free as the air. 917 Sixteenth St. The Jennings Engraving Co. WM. KRAFT, Mgr. and Sec. Ari Smzioners and Ei71g7'd'ZJ67'5 Engraved Wedding Invitations and Announcements. Embossed Corre- spondence Paper. College and Fra- ternity Stationery. Visiting Cards, etc. Highest Grade of WO1'k at Reasonable Prices. 832 Eighteenth Street, Denver, Colorado ' Thxirlby malies your watch Keep time. fl' YQ. ,fi Nfwlh 4 'ff fs u 1-S G qw . -4-',. .. ', r ' W-..- W" 3 U P rv Y-.4L,443,, , , 1, L, Hg , . P -ff ff14,J14,,K, IN THE CERAMIC MUSEUM Elutograpbs 1 1 1 . f11F'i16ff' , 1 111157-111s 5711 1 1 J 1 L J .. .11 . .1 -11- 1 1 1 1 V 1 1 1 1 1 1 -. +ffH.5i"'-.fifj ' 'fy 1i4215i11'f "A3:'JW TT '1 1 2 ' ' Jnpgf- r'x:Q-,i ' Wd 1 M11 1 511 11 1 1 1 if 1 1.1 ., -1. .'-1 111-.111 Y- ' 11. . -v-1,. .1 , W.. 1111. 1 .1 1 .. ,,v.i. n ' f .1. 1 . 1 1-. 1 1. 4 1... 1 11 . - 1 1- -- 1 - 1.111 VV1 I .- .. 1 .-.I .1,,-ht QV "1' f..11- . 5 '. '11 11. , 1 1 1 1 ' ' ' "V 251-:. " '- fl f1,,A ,f. 1 -1 1'1 - 1-: A. 4 LI.1W.,4 ., ..,l, .X . .. , . 11 11' ' -' . '1:f1.' .'1, . L -f,11f' 1 . 1 . .11. -1 .,-,4-.n1.1,1111' f - 1 1, 1 Q, l Ab., .1 ,1.N.- 1 . 1... w --.1,..... -' . L 11 . .- . ,-1-- Y . 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' -.1111 - ,'1 ,"'- ' ' 1' " ,,11 '1 1 ., 'IH Wm.-U 1' , ' Q1 1. 135:--' .. 1. 1 11 .-: 1 .. 1 ,111 ,111.,-.,,. ,, H , - 1 U1 11 ' 1. 11.3. - , 5:1 .Qii--1.-,J',1115' X . , ' " ,4 ' , ' r 413541-.r11 !'!fi:1Tb.1I ' '1- 1' '11' 'VT ' 731 '11, , 11,.1A11-117:3--1-' - - 12.1.11 '." '11'-ff 1' 1. 1 . V 1-4 . . - ,Y 14.11':. 1.. . 1 . 11 1 , .1.f :1-1' ,. - .. , . , ...- . 1 ,, ...WH TZ' - . , .1 - . . 1. . , .1 .1 -.:,. .1-1 1 ' : 111'-'-11 " 1'.' :11-1 " "'1 . .2-J" 'rr' 1- -1. 1111' .., ,. , .1 V 34- 5, -11, 1,1-4-.V - .11 1... , 11-L, . 111115--" 1 . 1 111- e. F " -14:-'1..eYi21 14 . J-'r:1, . -,H1,:,I,.- 111 1 4 1 V Y-HI11 K '- 'wwf 1.1 Q -1 , 'Q gffgfi. ,, ,- ,11 5,1 1 ': T- 41.1 ,V wc- V2 ,L 1 .!.7' 11.1L... . - .-:.1 x 1 - .J,..:' 1 1. 2 1 1 Jr" Elutographs Gontributors The Annual Board Wishes to extend a Word of thanks to Professors Chambers and Ernesti and to all others who have labored ' t make Volume II a success. Ruth Baird Joysa Gaines Iva Mallonie Mae Murray Florence Marron Henrietta Bloomer Ella Brooks Bernice Bacharach Ethel Carter Alice Dobson Jessie Gordon Julia Hubbel Irmagarde Harris Homer Kyle Cecelia Lawler James Carpenter Ethel Carter Chief Davidson Stella Gore ART. LITERARY. Cl:lFCLll3tOI'5 Cena Yerion in any Way o Edna Purdy A Julia Reddin Margaret Twombly Nellie Thompson Ruth Webster Vera Linn Florence Marron Wm. McKelvie Mae Murray Florence Noll Clarice Philips Margaret Statler Florence Thompson Ada Tupper May West Dee Hibner James Lockhart Florence McGowan Carrie Snook


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University of Northern Colorado - Cache La Poudre Yearbook (Greeley, CO) online yearbook collection, 1913 Edition, Page 1

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