University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC)

 - Class of 1902

Page 1 of 180


University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC) online yearbook collection, 1902 Edition, Cover

Page 6, 1902 Edition, University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC) online yearbook collectionPage 7, 1902 Edition, University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC) online yearbook collection
Pages 6 - 7

Page 10, 1902 Edition, University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC) online yearbook collectionPage 11, 1902 Edition, University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC) online yearbook collection
Pages 10 - 11

Page 14, 1902 Edition, University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC) online yearbook collectionPage 15, 1902 Edition, University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC) online yearbook collection
Pages 14 - 15

Page 8, 1902 Edition, University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC) online yearbook collectionPage 9, 1902 Edition, University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC) online yearbook collection
Pages 8 - 9
Page 12, 1902 Edition, University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC) online yearbook collectionPage 13, 1902 Edition, University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC) online yearbook collection
Pages 12 - 13
Page 16, 1902 Edition, University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC) online yearbook collectionPage 17, 1902 Edition, University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC) online yearbook collection
Pages 16 - 17

Text from Pages 1 - 180 of the 1902 volume:

1992 The Woman ' s College of The University of North Carolina LIBRARY COLLEGE COLLECTION 772 5 book must not be 1 7 ken | from the building I £a» The Decennial PUBLISHED BY THE ADELPHLvN AND CORNELIAN LITERARY SOCIETIES STATE NORMAL AND INDUSTRIAL COLLEGE Greensboro, North Carolina. Peess of The Stone Printing and MANrFArxuRiNu Company Roanoke, Vikcinia to H ( 3 ? To PRESIDENT CHARLES DUNCAN McIVER, Whose brain first conceived the idea of a great educational institution for women, supported by the State of North Carolina ; whose eloquence and logic hammered the idea into the brain and heart of the people, whose tireless energy and dauntless courage secured at last the expression of that idea in the establishment of the North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College, whose strong hand launched the Institution, whose wisdom has safely guided it through storm and sunshine during the first decade of its career of usefulness, this volume is gratefully and lov- ingly dedicated by Faculty, Alumnse, and Students. CHARLES D. MclVER. 77656 Laura H. Coit. ' SIB, Clii Jessie EDITORS OF THE DECENNIAL ! Stamps, ' 02 Virginia 8. Ncwl. arrie L. Siiargt-r, ' 0: . 8. Ncwliy, ' 02 T. Gilbert Nettie Leete Parlier, ' 03 Cliristina M. Pearsoa Suyiler, ' 03 ftatory of tit? North (Earoltna tnU Normal anb HltibuBtrial (Eolkg . IX tlie tonic atmosphere of universal education, which to-day stimulates to enthusiasm every true North Carolinian, one finds it hard to believe that it is only a decade since " the youth " of the State, interpreted from the standpoint of State provision for higher education, was conceded to mean only its sons. Notwithstandinof the fact that in Section 41 of the Constitution of 1776, adopted at Halifax, the State acknowledges its obligation to provide educa- tional facilities for the " instruction of youth " at " low prices, " and the Section closes with the words, " and all useful learning shall be encouraged in one or more universities, " as late as 1889 we find the Legislature, in response to the following memorial, considering for the first time a broader interpretation of this mandate : " To the Honorable, the General Assembly of North Carolina: " Sirs : — As members of a committee appointed by the North Carolina Teachers ' Assembly to present the matter to the Legislature, we beg to call your attention to one feature of the Training School Bill now before your honorable body. " That it is expedient to change the present system of normal instruction in the State, few people doubt ; that a system of county institutes would do more good, nearly everybody admits. The Joint Committee on Education from the two Houses were unanimous on these points, and decided to report favorably the entire bill as you see it printed. " It is to call your attention to the importance of the Training School as the head of the system of county institutes that we take this means of addressing you. Everybody agrees that a permanent Training School would be a good and desirable help to the school system of the State. The Superintendent of Pub- lic Instruction has twice recommended it, and the North Carolina Teachers ' Assembly, through their committee, is now asking for it for the third time. " But without considering these points, it seems to us that there is one thing which alone ought to pass the bill — namely, its importance to the education of our girls. If it was wise a century ago to provide, at the State expense, a University for boys, and if it is right to give this University support now, as no one will deny, can any man consistently refuse to allow a small amount from the public school fund (not enough to shorten the school term one-half day) to establish a Training School where girls can prepare for almost the only work liv which our social coiulitioiis allow them to earn a livelihood? If one sex had to d(_) with(5ut education, would not men be better able to get along without it than women? Why is it that for a hundred years the State has been helping the stronger and letting the weaker take care of themselves? Why is it that the subject has rarely, if ever, been mentioned l)y one of our leading politicians? Is there any good reason why we should make annual appro] ria- tions for the benefit of our sons and disregard this modest and only request that our daughters have ever made in that direction? If women are admitted on the same terms as men to the privileges of all other State institutions, why should we draw the line at education in the University and in the Industrial School? Shall the State hel]) her sons to develop their intellectual and indus- trial powers and do absolutely nothing for those who are to Ix ' the motliers of the next generation of men? " It is unfortunate that none of our female colleges are endowed, and that they are, on that account, too expensive for the average well-to-do citizen to patronize. Those who send their daughters to such schools generally do so at an expense of from $250 to $450 a year. " Now, if such a school is established as is contemplated by this bill, a man of moderate means who has a daughter desiring to become a teacher can send her to this Training School (which will be located at some place where board is cheap) for about one hundred dollars a j ' ear, or even less. This would render the education necessary to make a girl self-supporting possible to one thousand girls in North Carolina who now have not the faintest hope of enter- ing one of our more expensive schools, where the board alone costs from $150 to $200 a year. Unless some such measure as this is adopted, these girls, and those of coming generations similarly situated, are doomed to live and drudge and die without ever having known the blessing of being independent, and fre- quently without having ever gone beyond the borders of their own counties. At the same time, the State is losing much of her best talent for the work of teaching her children. As a matter of self-interest, we think the State ought to do what this bill asks. Justice to our women demands it, and. on the grounds of humanity alone, they deserve more from their brothers, who make the laws and the appropriations, than they have ever received. " .Shall the - appeal tc) you in vain? " Ch.vrles D. Ak Ivkr. Chairman, " E. G. Harrell, " E. P. Moses, " E. A. At.dermax, " GEORr.E T. WlXSTOX, " D. M. TT Thompson, ■• Mrs. 1. A. McDoNALn, This hill passed the Senate three to one and failed in the House by a small majority. However, in this emergency, the old North State, true to her fame in history, did not lack noble and far-seeing spirits who, returning to each suc- cessive Legislature with the perseverance of the " importunate widow, " secured from the Legislature of 1891 the reward of their labors in the passage of an act establishing a Training School for girls. Its charter name was " The Normal and Industrial School, " but the General Assembly of 1897 changed the name to " The State Normal and Industrial College. " The management of the institution was placed in the care of a Board of Directors consisting of one member from each of the nine Congressional Districts, the State Superintendent of Public Instruction being, c.v officio, an additional member and president of the board. The act establishing the College outlined its purpose as follows : " Section 5. The objects of this institution shall be: (i) To give to young women such education as shall fit them for teaching; (2) to give instruction to young women in drawing, telegraphy, typewriting, stenography, and such other industrial arts as may be suitable to their sex and conducive to their sup- port and usefulness. Tuition shall be free to those who signify their intention to teach, upon such conditions as may be prescribed by the Board of Directors. " After a most animated contest between the towns of Thomasville, Durham, and Greensboro to secure the institution, it was located " at. " rather than " in, " the latter town, as it was then defined by dwellings. But the phe nomenal growth of the city during the last ten years leaves no doubt to-day as to which is the fitting preposition by which to define the location of the College. To secure the school, Greensboro voted $50,000 in money. The site, ten acres, was donated by Messrs. R. S. Pullen. R. T. Gray, and others. About one hun- dred and twenty acres adjoining the original site have been added by purchase. In (Jctober, 1892, the institution began its work with an annual appro- ])riation of $10,000; with only three buildings, with dormitory capacity for less than one hundred and fifty boarders; with fifteen rooms in the main College building, including cha])el and offices ; with a teaching force of fifteen, and an enrollment of 223 students. Through the liberal increase which each General Assembly has made in its appropriation to this College, and through the generosity of the Peabody Board, under the efficient agency of Hon. J. L. AI. Curry, the College has been able to enlarge its usefulness very greatly in every dei)artment. Its faculty and executive force now number about thirty. Its laboratories are well equipped, and it has a carefully selected library of three thousand volumes. A handsome practice school building, substantial brick infirmary, steam laundry, large dining-room, and well arranged kitchen, all testify to the steady growth of the College. By additions to the first dormitories, and by renting several neighbor- ing residences, its dormitory capacity is now sufficient for about three hundred and fifty hoarders. 9 The comfort of these dormitories has been greatly enhanced by placing on every floor porcelain baths, and by the introduction of single beds and the substitution of gas with Welsbach burners for kerosene lamps. The growth of the College, from an esthetic point of view, has been no less rapid and steady. The portraits of famous men and women of this and other states, upon the College walls, teach a glorious past in which have been laid the foundations of a yet more glorious future. The services of a landscape gardener for two years have transformed the barren clay hills of the College campus into grassy slopes fringed with blooming roses. Recent donations, notably that of Mr. George Foster Peabody, render possible in the near future the development of a College park, where the students may not only do homage to Pan, but be reminded of their debt of gratitude to Xorth Carolina ' s heroes, both ])ast and present. The success of the College is forcefully demonstrated l)y the fact that there is no section of the State, and no kind of educational institution requiring women teachers with ordinary professional training, from the country public schools to our Ijest colleges, where students trained at The State Xormal and Industrial College have not been employed. It is a notable fact that nearly every city public school system in the State, from Waynesville to Wilmington, has given employment to the students of this College. Four of the six orphanages in the State, and several prominent col- leges for women, also number among their faculties ex-students of The State Normal and Industrial College. A large number of young women trained in the commercial department have been able to earn salaries ranging from $300 to $1,200 a year as stenographers and bookkeepers, some of these positions having been secured by civil service examinations. The scope of patronage for the past ten years liears testimony, not only to the need of such an institution, but to the wisdom of its policy. In the Presi- dent ' s last report this policy is well defined as follows : ' ■ The State Normal and Industrial College stands for a public educational system that will educate all the people. It teaches its students and urges them to teach others the doctrine of universal education. The authorities of the insti- tution regard the College as a part of the public school system of the State, and believe that it has a duty to discharge, not only to those who study within its walls, but to that great body of people who, for one reason or another, will not enter this or any other school or college. ■• The greatest amount of educational opportunity to the greatest number of people, is its motto and its aim. ' ithout reservation, members of its faculty stand for local taxation for public schools, and for every movement which tends to secure to the State effective teaching for every child, preparing him for pro- ductive labor and intelligent citizenship. " This institution undertakes to emphasize, in every legitimate way, that any svstem of educatimi whicli refuses td recognize the equal educational rights of women with those of men is unjust, unwise, and permanently hurtful. " r- irirT. u If cSl ©Ill Inarb of itrrrtora. P Y THE charter of the State Normal and Industrial College, the nianage- I ment of the institution is entrusted to a Board of Directors consisting of a representative fn: m each Congressional District, with the State Super- intendent of Pulilic Instruction as an additional memher and president of the Board. The first Board of Directors selected by the General Assembly of i8yi was S. M. Finger, of Catawba County, President: E. McK. Goodwin, of Wake County, Secretary; B. F. Aycock, of Wayne County; H. G. Chatham, of Surry County ; R. D. Gilmer, of Haywood County ; A. C. McAlister, of Randolph County; M. C. S. Noble, of New Hanover County; W. P. Shaw, of Hertford County; J. M. Spainhour. of Caldwell County; R. H. Stancell, of Northamp- ton County. To this Board came the privilege and the task of laying the foun- dations for the institution, erecting its first buildings, and choosing its first facult}-. Their only property was ten acres of land, donated for the purpose, and $30,000. which was Greensboro ' s subscription to secure the location of the College. After erecting the main building, leaving off the wings, and erecting the walls of the main dormitory, it J ecame evident that the money in hand would not complete enough dormitory room to accommodate half the students who would apply for admission. Seeing that the future of the institution would be seriously affected by insufficient dormitory capacity, the members of the Board gave their personal notes for enough money to complete the second floor of the main dormitory, and induced those who owned land next to the College to erect buildings which could be rented for dormitories. The members of the Board had such faith in the institution and in the people of the State that they believed that the next Legislature would relieve them of their responsibility and pay these notes, in which belief they were not disappointed. The only members of the Board who have served continuously since i8yi are Mr. H. G. Chatham and Mr. W. P. Shaw. Mr. E. J. Forney has. from the beginning, been the treasurer of the fioard. On the following page appears an alphabetical list of those who have served the State as directors in the management of the institution. To no other similar number of citizens does the State owe a greater debt of gratitude for faithful and efificient service. Major S. M. Finger was succeeded as president of the Board successively by J. C. Scarborough. C. H. JMebane. T. F. Toon, and James V. Joyner. E. McK. Goodwin, having moved from the Fourth District, was obliged to give ' 3 up his nicnihership on the Board, and he was succeeded as secretary by J. M. Spainhour. When Dr. Spainlioiir ' s term as cHrector expired, it was filled by the election of Dr. J. O. Wilcox, of Ashe County. But Dr. Spainhour ' s interest in the institution was so great that, on the motion of his successor, he was employed to act as secretary of the Board, which position he held at the time of his death last November. In addition to Dr. Spainhour ' s regular work as secretary, he preserved 2,500 clippings from newspapers, covering the entire life of the College, and arranged them carefully in seven volumes. These volumes have been donated to the institution by Mrs. Spainhour, and a committee has been appointed to continue tiie work of preserving current comments on the work of the College, just as Dr. Spainhour had begun it. B. F. Aycock Wayne 4 years J. A. Bi.AiR Randolph 5 years H. G. Chatham Surry 11 years S. M. Finger Catawba 3 years J, E. Fowler Sampson 6 years S. M. Gattis Orange 4 years R. D. Gilmer Haywood 9 years E. McK. Goodwin ... Wake 3 years John Graham Warren 6 years R. T. Gray Wake 2 years James Y. Joyner Guilford i year A. C. McAlister Randolph 6 years C. H. Mebane Catawba 6 years J. D. Murphy Buncombe 2 years M. C. S. Noble New Hanover 7 years J. F. Post New Hanover 4 years John C. Scarborough Wayne 4 years W. P. Shaw Hertford 11 years J. M. Spainhour Caldwell 4 years R. H. Stancell Northampton 4 years T, F. Toon Robeson i year W. D, Turner Iredell 4 years J. C. Wilcox Ashe 3 years PRESIDENTS. SECRETARIES. TREASURER. S. M. Finger E. McK. Goodwin E. J. Forney John C. Scarborough J. M. Spainhour Charles H. Mebane Thomas F. Toon James Y. Joyner iFarultg mh WffmvB m % artli (Earnltna taU Narmal mh Slnaitstnal Cnllrxnr Suriug tljp iFirat (Lm f pars of 3lt0 l istnrg. 1392-1902. 5famcJ in (§rbrr nf ahrir Appointmrnt. Charles Duncan McIvek, Litt. D. President; Lecturer (1n Civil Gdvkrx.mext, 1S92-1902. Graduate of the University of North Carolina; Secretary and District Director of the South- ern Education Board. Sue May Kirkland Lady Principal, 1892-1902. Student of the Nash and Kollock School of Hillsboro, North Carolina. Edwin Anderson Alderjian, P h. D. English and History, 1892-1893. Graduate of the University of North Carolina : resigned in order to accept the chair of Peda- gogy in the University of North Carolina, 1893; elected President of the University, 1896; now President of Tulane University, New Orleans. Gertrude W. Mendenhall, B. S. Mathematics, 1892-1902. Graduate of Wellesley College, Massachusetts ; graduate student at Bryn Mawr ; summer of 1900 spent in traveling in Europe. Dixie Lee Bryant, B. S. Geology and Zoology, 1S92-1902. Graduate of Massachusetts Institute of Technology ; on leave of absence, studying at the University of Heidelberg, Germany. Miriam Bitting-Kennedy, M. D. Physician in Charge and Lecturer on Physiology and Hygiene, 1S92-1893. Graduate of Woman ' s Medical College of Philadelphia: married, June, 1893, to Mr. Joseph Kennedy, of Yonkers, New York ; practising medicine in Yonkers. Viola Boddie Latin, 1S92-1902. Graduate of Peabody Normal College, Nashville, Tennessee ; Student at Cornell University, at the Berlitz School of Languages, Chicago and Chautauqua. 17 Se Clarence Richard Brown A ' ocAi. Culture, 1892-1902. Student in New York and Paris. Melville Vincent Fort Industrial Art, 1892-1902. Student at Mi.ssi.s.sippi Indu.strial College; student at the Art Schools of New York, Cincin- nati, and Chicago; traveled abroad during the summer of 1900, visiting the principal art galleries of Europe. Edith A. McIxtyre Domestic Science, 1892-1S96. Student at Teacher ' s College, New York; resigned to accept a similar position in the Teachers College, New York; now teaching in Kansas City, Missouri. E. J. Forney Shorthand, Tvi-kwriting and Bookkeei ' inc;, also Bursar of the College, 1S92-1902, Student of Catawba College, Newton, North Carolina. Mrs. Fannie Cox Bell Director of thic Observation School . nd Assist.ant in the Business Department, 1892-1894. Ghnevieve Mindenhall, B. S. Lirrarian, 1892-18(13. Graduate of Guilford College ; married, 1897,10 Mr. A. V. Blair; now living in Lake City, Florida. Mrs. W. p. Carraway M. TRi N, iS()2-iS99. Died February 13, iS cy. Philander Priestly Claxton, A. M. Ped.acogv, 1S93-1902. Graduate of the Lhiiversity of Tennessee; spent one year in European travel and study : student at Dr. Rliein ' s Normal School, Jena, Germany; student at Johns Hopkins; resigned February, 1902, to accept a position with the Bureau of The Southern Educa- tion Board. J.AMES Y. JoyNER Engllsh Language and Literature, 1S93-1902. Graduate of the University of North Carolina; resigned March, 1902, to become State Super- intendent of Public Instruction. Anna M. Gove, M. D. Physician in Charge and Lecturer on Physiology and Hygiene, 1893-1900. Graduate of Woman ' s Medical College of New York; abroad on leave of absence, 1896-97, student in the hospitals of Vienna; resigned, 1900; now Demonstrator in the Physiolog- ical Laboratory of Vassar College. 18 Mrs. Lucy H. Robertson History, 1S93-1900. Nash and Kollock School of Hillsboro; resigned, 1900, to become Lady Principal of Greens- boro Female College; President of Greensboro Female College, 1902. Mary M. Petty, B. S. Chemistry and Physics, 1S93-1902. Graduate of Wellesley College; on leave of absence during 1S95-96 as Fellow in Chemistry at Bryn Mawr College. Florence A. Stone French, 1S93-1S95. Student in Munich, Geneva, and Paris ; now studying at the American School of Archeology in Athens, also teaching Music and English. Maude F. Broadway-Goodwin Physical Culture, 1893-1S94. Graduate of the North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College; married, 1S94, to Mr. E. McK. Goodwin ; now living at Morganton, North Carolina. Bertha M. Lee Librarian, 1S93-1894; En(;lish and Mathematics, 1S94-1S95;, 1S95-1902. Graduate of the North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College; student at Dr. Rhein ' s Normal School, Jena, Germany ; traveled and studied in Sweden and Germany during the summer of 1901. Alice Maude Crocker-Turner Elocution and Physical Culture, 1S94-1896. Student of the Boston School of Oratory and of the Yale Gymnasium; married, 1.S97, to Mr. W. A. Turner; now living at Kno.xville, Tenn. Jennie W. Bingham-Toy Director of the Practice and Observation School, 1S94-1896; French, 1S96-1898. Graduate of St. Mary ' s School; student at the Sorbonne, Paris; married, 189S, to Professor W. D. Toy, of the University of North Carolina; now living at Chapel Hill, N. C. Daisy B. Waitt Librarian, 1894-1S95. Graduate of the North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College; now teaching in the Wilmington City Schools. Alice H. Bruere, B. S. Physics, 1895-1900. Graduate of Cornell University; resigned, 1900, to accept a position in the Physics Department of Smith College; now teaching Physics in a High School in New York City. Annie F. Petty, B. S. Librarian ' , i,S()5-rt)02. Graduate of Guilford College; graduate Drexel Institute Library School. ElJZA N. WlLLIAJIS Ri;(iiSTRAR, rS,,5-iS.,f,. Student of North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College: now teaching in Greensboro Public Schools. Mrs. Mary Setti.e-Sharpe Elocution, 1S97-1902; Phvsicai. Cl ' i.ti ' Ri-:, iS()7-i()02. Graduate of St. Mary ' s School: student of Emerson School of Oratory. Laura Hill Coit Phvsu ' ai. Culture, 1896-1897; Mathematics, 11 99-1901. Secretary to the [ ' resident, 1901-1902 ; graduate of the Statesville Female College: graduate of the North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College. Caroline M. Hetrick-Angeny, M. D. Physician in Char(;k and Lk( turi;r on Piivsioi.oiiv and IIvoilni:, 1896-1897. Married, 189S, to Dr. Angeny, of the United States Navy. Margaret W. Haliburton SUI ' ]-.K ISIN(; TlCACHKR OF THE PRACTICE AND ObSERVATKiN S( IL, l8 |(.-ll,oo. Resigned to accept a position in the Asheville Graded Schools: now studying at Columbia University and working in the Editorial Department of the B. F. Johnson Publishing CoiTipany. Nettie M. Allen SuPERVisiNc; Teacher in thi-; Practice and t)iisERV. Ti(iN School, 1806-1402. Graduate of the North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College. Annie Wiley SUPERVISIN(f TEACIII ' .K IN THE PRACTICE AND Ol!SER - ATION SCHOOL, 1896-1902. Graduate of the Winston Graded Schools and of Statesville Female College. Mr.s. Annie G. Randall Ri ' .iiisrRAK, 1899-1902; Assistant in l NCii.isii, 1902. Mary Sanders-Williams Assistant in Latin, 1896-1899. Graduate of the North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College : married, 1899,10 Mr. Frank Williams ; died, 1890. Mrs. S. L. Potts Nurse, i8()6-iSii7. Graduate of the Win. Backus Ho.spital : married Mr. William Wilson: now living in Charleston, S. C. Minnie L. Jamison Domestic Scienck, 1896-1902. Student of the North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College; student of the I ' hiladelphia Cooking School. Fannie Hoen Massey Dressmaking, 1896-1902. Graduate of Peace Institute and of McDowell ' s Dress-Cutting Academy of New York. Fannie W. Turner Assistant Matron, 1896-1898; Matron, 1898-1S99. Student of the North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College; died November, 1899. FODIE M. BUIE Secretary and Stenographer to the President, 1896-1898. Student of the North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College; resigned 1898 to accept a position with the Department of Justice at Washington, D. C. Mary E. Wyche Nurse, 1897-1899. Graduate of the Presbyterian Hospital of Philadelphia. Mary Arrington Rec;istrar, 1897-1898. Graduate North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College ; now teaching in Burlington, N. C. S. Canary Harper-Brown Supervising Teacher of the Practice and Observation School, 189S-1900. Student of the North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College; graduate of the Peabody Normal College; married June, 1900, to Mr, Emmett Brown; now living at Cleburne, Texas. Nena Morrow French and Spanish, 189S-1902. Graduate of Miss Clement ' s School of Philadelphia. OeLAND lyAMAR BARNETT Assistant in Latin, 1S99-1902. (;raduate of the North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College ; granted leave of absence igoi-1902, to accept scholarship in Columbia University. Thomas L. Brown Superintendent of Grounds, 1897-1900. Graduate Michigan Agricultural College. Mrs Clara Davis Matron, 1S99-1902. 25 Laura L. Brockman Piano and Harmony, 1900-1002. Student in l hiladelpliia and ( " .ermany. Charles J. Brockman .Stki. c;i;ij Instruments and Piano, Kjoo-iyo . Student of the Metropolitan College of Music, and in Berlin, Germany. Wii.i.iAM C. Sji ' th, Ph. B. History, 1900-1902. Graduate of the ITniversity of North Carolina : student of Harvard Ihiiversity. Nellie Ashburn Bond Assistant in ENfUJsii, i()oo-i902. Graduate of the North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College. Cleone Hobbs Nl ' RSE, 19OO-1902. Graduate of the Training School for Nurses, St. Luke ' s Hospital, Hethlehem, Pennsylvania. Kdith B. Blackwell, A. B., M. D. Physician in Char(;k and Lkctcker on Phvsiolo(;v and Hygiene, i90i-i()02. Graduate of Swathmore College and of the Women ' s Medical College of New York. Julius I. Foust, Bh. B. Peua(;ogics, ic,o2. ' .raduate of the University of North Carolina. T. Gilbert Pearson, B. S. ZooLOc;v and Geology, 1901-1902. Graduate of Guilford College: graduate of the University of North Carolina: student at Harvard University. Julia Damekon Assistant in Latin, i()oi-i902. Graduate of the North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College. Henryanna C. Hackney, A. B. Assistant in Mathe.matics, 1901-1902. Graduate of Guilford College: graduate student of Bryn Mawr College. Josephine Coit SuPERVisiNr; Teacher in the Practice and Obserxation School, 1901-1902. Graduate Peabody Normal College, Nashville, Tenn. 26 Carolina, Carolina — heaven ' s blessings attend her ; While we live we will cherish, protect, and defend her. Though the scorner may sneer at and witlings defame her, Still our hearts swell with gladness whenever we name her. Hurrah! hurrah I Hurrah ! hurrah ! CHORUS. The Old North State forever : The good Old North State. Though she envies not others their merited glory. Say, whose name stands the foremost in Liberty ' s story: Though too true to herself e ' er to crouch to oppression, Who can yield to just rule a more loyal submission? Then, let all those who love us, love the land that we live in As happy a region as on this side of heaven, Where plenty and peace, love and joy smile before us : Raise aloud, raise together, the heart-thrilling chorus. Judge William Gastox. miMi pi ' ' ' I 1 1 Alumna e ' ' Inia Mater ' s CSrccting. Alumnae, Carolina ' s daughters, of wondrous time and land, From fir-fringed mountains ye to early sun-kissed strand, Ye skyland maidens from the home of our beloved Vance, Ye daughters of colonial dames who graced the early manse. And ye, my Piedmont children, dwelling in the golden mean, — All my nurtured offspring, staff whereon my hope doth lean, — I, your Alma Mater, heartfelt greeting and good cheer. Words for action, would I bring you on this glad decennial year. Through the decade with its trials, years of strenuous life. While fields were white for harvest, your land with problems rife, The mother eye, the mother heart, your footsteps hath attended. For you at Wisdom ' s shrine her knee in supplication bended. On her altars incense burned of toil and earnest thought, Off ' rings by which alone Athene ' s priceless gifts are bought. Responsive hath she found you, whatsoever be the call. Whether to serve at Hymen ' s shrine or wait beside the pall; To soothe the restless frame when tossed in fever ' s scorching flame. Or if festive halls of social mirth your varied talents claim : Or yet your mission this, some comfort anguished hearts to bring Where sorrow dwells, where rests the shade of Azrael ' s gloomy wing; Or this the work divine, the little feet in learning ' s way To place, that groping minds receive the gladsome light of day. Now joyously expectant she, your foster mother, stands Before the future ' s broad expanse, amid the golden sands Of opportunity, that gild the shore where flows that tide Which cometh once to each, then in the abysmal past doth glide. With pride erect her form, her eyes a noble purpose fills. With outstretched hands she waits, her soul an eager longing thrills. Close to her loving heart her children once again to hold, About their forms in fond embrace her robe of light to fold, And on their lips the living coal, a seal divine, to place. That with prophetic vision each may yet more clearly trace Upon the untried ocean of To Be her destined path To that elusive goal. Success, which many a semblance hath. The searchlight of the past upon th:.; trackless sea is turned, And by its piercing rays the shoals may be discerned. The wliirlpools yawning deep, and Siren shore. This knowledge heed This thy age, the woman ' s age, from bondage thou art freed. Thy long awaited tide take at the flood and steer so well No bark amid the shallows be, a gruesome tale to tell Of mad ambition ' s aim some Amazonian place to fill. While Vesta ' s altars honors lack and from neglect grow chill. The war in which thy buoyant heart its crimson life must spill May be some lonely fight, perchance to suffer and be still. Thy soul aflame with hallowed fire, the patriot ' s burning zeal. To join the ranks of warriors bold who make thy country ' s weal ? The war is on I Hark ye the battle-cry, " Let there be light ! " From east to west, from north to south, make ye a gallant fight ! A noble helmsman guides the ship that leadeth on the van Against the foe, a darksome foe that now doth bear the ban Of Ignorance— the Minotaur, that yearly makes his feast Of youths and maidens, myriads more than fed the fabled beast. The Ship of State a Theseus bears, the Ariadnes you: To thread the maze, to save our youth, then you must give the clue. The victory by trumpet ' s blast alone may not be won, ' T is Wisdom ' s fight for God and right, and gently must be done. ' The sea how rough, the waves how high ! " the faint of heart may cry ; But courage take, my children all, the Pilot ' s very nigh Who calmed the waves,who stilled the storm ; the teacher ' s path he trod Who called to Him the little ones, is too the teacher ' s God. Adown the years in thrilling tones comes yet the message true ; ' Lo, I am with you to the end 1 all who my bidding do. " Then answer each in ringing tones, where ' er the work may be, Courageous daughters of our land, " Lo, here am 1. send me. " ' I0L. BODDIE. OIlaBB at 1B93. Mattie Lou Bolton (Previous graduate of L,ouisburg Female College )........ Franklin County Maude Fuller Broadaway (Salem Female Academy). . . . Forsyth County Margaret Clement Burke (Peace Institute) Davie County Mary Rebekah Hampton (Statesville Female College) .... Iredell County Bertha Marvin Lee (Greensboro Female College) Davie County Zella McCuLLOCH Alamance County LiNA B. McDonald (Peace Institute) Forsyth County Margaret Rockwell McIver ( Greensboro Female College). Chatham County Carrie Melinda Mullins ( Peace Institute) Wake County Annie May Page (Greensboro Female College) Burke County Lizzie Lee Williams ( Murfreesboro Female College ) Gates County n " HESE young women formed the Senior Class of 1892-93. They were charter members of the Literary Societies and of the Young Women ' s Christian Association. Six of the number served as assistants to mem- bers of the faculty, but before the first scliolastic year had passed, sudden death had claimed one universally beloved, and Lina McDonald went no more in and out among us. We mourned her deeply then, and now at the close of ten years, the memory of her gentle spirit is strong within us, and her winning cheerfulness, her conscientious performance of duty, and her helpfulness to all alike inspire us still. After our graduation and separation, we started a circular letter. From this in part the following history is learned : Lizzie Lee Williams was the first to accept the position of queen of a man ' s heart and home. That she fills the office gracefully we know, but is her con- stant presence in Capron, Virginia, so necessary that she can not attend our reunion in May, 1902? None of us have seen her as Mrs. Smith, and we are anxious to do so, and also to greet face to face our first class baby, her boy. Maude Broadaway taught physical culture here for one year after her grad- uation. In June, 1894, she was married to Mr. E. McK. Goodwin, the able superintendent of the School for the Deaf and Dumb at Morganton. She has made us several visits, each time looking yovmger and handsomer than before. .33 20 Last year she brought her two Httle daughters. The class has enrolled as mem- bers the whole family, and they are expected at the Decennial Commencement. When, after teaching a while, Maggie Mclver became Mrs. Bowen, she went to live at Red Mountain. Conscientious and successful at home-making as at school-teaching, she is as busy as a hee from morning till night. We sel- dom see her. InU now ami then licar of how well she is training her blue-eyed son and heir, lie would lie warmly welcomed at our next class meeting. Having taught several years in one of the Greensboro Graded Schools, Carrie Mullins married Mr. W. H. Hunter. They live on a pretty farm just outside of Greensboro, and are the ha]ipy parents of a son and two daughters. Carrie, energetic as ever, a thrift ' housekeeper, a reader of books, and dreamer of dreams, a devoted wife and a judicious mother all in one, is one of our most loyal " old girls. " Zella McCulloch taught in Mebane, where she was married to ] lr. Cheek. She lives there with her husband and little daughter. For several years Mattie Lou Bolton kept house for an invalid father. After his death, she taught a while and spent one year doing post-graduate work here. She is now Mrs. John Calvin Matthews, and last year kept house in Spring Hope, and taught in one school while Mr. Matthews taught in another! At last accounts, they were getting ready to build a home of their own. May they be very happy in it. Minnie Hampton taught for seven years in one of the Greensboro Graded Schools. In October, 1901, she was married to Mr. William Eliason, of States- ville. As most of us have not seen the " new member, " we invite him to pre- sent himself for initiation when his wife comes to our next meeting. Maggie Burke taught one year at Gulf, two in the Statesville Graded School, two in the Statesville College, and one at Peace Institute. She spent one year as a student at the University of North Carolina, and a part of one year keeping house for a sick relation — tlie same year visiting her married sister in Mississippi. Annie Page, our class president, having spent a year of study and travel in Switzerland and France, taught four years at Greensboro Female College, and two at Peace Institute. In the spring of 1900, she studied at our College. Bertha Lee has been at the College since the year One, having taught since the fall of 1894. The summer of 1895 she spent in Jena, Germany. Last year (1901) she revisited this city. She has charge of the Department of Ger- man here. Each of our ten chose the profession of teacher. Xow that three remain faithful to their first love, and they can be out-voted at ar-f meeting by the new members alone, Maggie Burke proposes that the Queens pension the Spinsters. Bertha M. Lee, ' 93. 34 (ElaBB nf 1B94. ())fftcer$. Susan Ei.len Israei , President Virginia Taylor Historian Annie Lee Rose Poet Gertrude M. Bagby Prophet Mary C. Wiley j Mary K. Applewhite | Essayists Mary Lewis Harris J IT WAS our good fortune as the Class of ' 94 to enter the Normal the first day its doors were thrown open to students. Nor shall we soon forget that day, for. to most of us, it was the turning point in our lives. The bare, unfinished buildings, the irregular meals, the home-sickness, and the discom- forts of those early days have long since passed from our minds ; but not so the bravery and loyalty of the girls, the untiring labors of the faculty, the never-fail- mg courage and zeal of our President. Indeed, his faith and courage were as bulwarks of strength to us girls, and looking through his clear vision, we were able to see beyond the present discom- forts and failures into a glorious future for the women of North Carolina. As a class, we wish to bear our testimony that whatever of service we have been able to render, since graduation, we owe to our Alma Alater — to the inspir- ation received within her walls. Starting out bravely with twenty or thirty in our Junior year, we thought to do great things as the Class of ' 94. But alas for our hopes ! At the very begin- ning of our Senior year, we found our ranks reduced to one-half the original mmiber, and before the year was out, only eight of us could call ourselves Sc mors. What we did as Seniors need not here be told. It is enough to say we had our class meetings, at which we discused the afTairs of the College as if the weight of the institution rested upon our shoulders ; and our weekly class-din- ners, and, being allowed full privileges, delightful class-walks afterwards. Ah. it was a fine thing to be a Senior in those old days! In all the years since, we have never felt our importance as we did then. 35 Most of us expected to be teachers when we left the Normal, and so our work in pedagogics was especiall)- enjoyable; though we can not say we gained great experience by our Practice School work, as there were only eight pupils to nine of us teachers. Eight years have passed since we taught together in the little Practice School. To most of us, these have been quiet years, spent in the school-room. As a class, we have made no great stir in the world, yet we trust our earnest endeavors to help the boys and girls of our State have not been in vain. We are glad the privilege has been given us of waging the great battle against ignorance — nor do we mean to give up the conflict so long as we call ourselves daughters of the Normal. As individuals, we have reason to be proud of our girls. Marv Lewis Harris has fulfilled the bright promise of her college life, and is now a success- ful primary teacher. Sudie Israel has also made her mark as a primary teacher. Jennie Taylor ' s work has been mostly in the ungraded schools of her county. Mary Applewhite is in the high school. Gertrude Bagby and Annie Lee Rose, after gaining quite a reputation as high school teachers in Wilmington, have left the school-room for the quiet home life. Rachel Brown has never felt called to the teacher ' s profession. But in her chosen field of business, she has made quite a name for herself. . s for Mary Wiley — she has nothing to say of herself, save that the years of separation have only strengthened her love for the girls of " 94 and for their Alma Mater. ALVRV C. LLUM WiLEV. ' 94. 36 (ElaBfi 0f BB5, COfficers " Mary Bradley President Daisy Waitt • Vice-President Allie Bell .V Secretary and Treasurer Margaret Gash . ' Historian Maggie Perky ; Prophet Martha Carter ■ Poet Margaret Perry Ethel Parmele Daisy Waitt Barnette Miller (Colors: Motto: White and Gold. " Not for Ourselves Alone. " A S I ATTEMPT to recall the history of the Class of ' 95. I find there rings in my mind the chorus of our Class Song, which we so proudly sang to the discomfiture of the classes beneath us : " Sound it to the skies ! Ill this our glory lies ! Hear it, Sophomores wise. From Juniors ' twill draw sighs — Freshmen we have never been, And never shall we be Freshmen. " ' T is true we were not the only class holding t hat proud honor, but we were the only ones liold and fresh enough to boast thereof. Alore than in this did we glory in our numbers, being the largest class graduated from the College within its first three years. My quondam pride returns when I remember that only two classes since have surpassed us in numbers. I could wish it were otherwise, even at the cost of class pride. All save five of our thirty entered College that memorable first year, and I itcall with pleasurable mirth how new and fresh we were — though bear in mind 37 we were not Freshmen. They were happy days, as we sat about " waiting for something to turn up, " when in most cases we were sadly " turned down " on entrance examinations. It seems hard now to reahze in what a state of con- fusion everything was then, but those free and happy days of companionship so welded those first students together that their spirit remains about the place even yet. In the record of our class, no word of reproach can be hurled at us as " silly Sophs. " for haughtily asserting our superiority over the Freshmen, for in those early days " a fellow feeling made us wondrous kind. " The event of our Junior year was the election of marshals for Conmience- ment, especially as the literary societies elected theirs from our class for the first time. The marshals of this present day, as they float about wearing their handsome regalias, might be tempted to smile at our first Ijadge of office — only a simple rosette of white and gold ribl)ons — l)Ut none since have been worn more proudly than those. As " sage Seniors, " we bore bravely the burdens and honors of Seniordom, and came to the end of our College career realizing that what we had imagined was the goal of our ambition was but the opening to our view of new and larger " worlds to conquer. " We are happy to record that in our Senior year we instituted a custom which has come to be a permanent one with us — viz., the celebration of our class day as an Arbor Day. I see us now grouped around our spreading oak-to-be in our costumes of white and gold, singing songs and reciting odes to the same. Sad to relate, too nuich ceremony and elo- quence brought on its early death, but the custom still remains, and each year sees a new tree planted on the campus. When we received our diplomas on Commencement Dav, we mav have thought our history as a class ended, but in very truth it was but begun, and our real record has been making since we left our Alma Mater in May, ' 95. When I consider that so few of the class have not seen service in the teach- ing field, there seems to be prophetic aptness in the words of our motto, " Not for ourselves alone. " We have been scattered along the coast from New York to Plorida. Our record of service might not be amiss. In answer to the roll- call, let each speak for herself: M. KV Bk. dlev. — I am one of the few who have not taught. I was sten- ographer in my father ' s office in Gastonia, X. C, for five vears. I am still iVlary Bradley, but with the addition of Wilson to my name, and am living in Gastonia. Ett. Spier. — I have l)een doing ])riniary work in our home schools in Goldsboro, N. C. Daisy W.mtt. — For a while 1 taught in the High School department of the Wilmington schools, but am now in the Raleigh schools. Allie Belt,. — My work was begun in the Oxford Orphan Asylum, where I taught for two years. Afterwards I had a private school in Brevard, my home 38 town. At present my school in Clinton, S. C, is very private, consistint; of Mr. Blythe and little Margaret. M.XRY Arringtox. — My fortune has led me into several fields of labor — first in the schools of Nashville, N. C. : next in Rocky Mount, and last in liur- lington, where graded schools have recently been established. I spent one vear at my Alma Mater as Registrar. N.JlNxie Richardsox. — My teaching service has been rendered largely in the public schools of Selma, N. C. I taught at the Oxford Orphan Asylum. L.M-R.v SwiTZER. — When I left you in ' 95, I sped away to the far Sunny South, and have been teaching since in Florida, at Port Tampa. M.- Ri.J,DDiE TuRXER. — The High School of Statesville has been my only field of public service. Mabel Wootex. — I was enlisted in the teaching profession at La Grange, N. C. soon after leaving College, and served there until becoming the assistant of the principal of the Asheboro schools as Mrs. Mabel Wooten Newbold. Alethea Collixs. — My work has taken me far from my old haunts. For a few years I taught in New Jersey, then in New York, but at present am in a private school in Baltimore. Martha C. RTEK. — Until my home was changed to West ' irginia, I held a position in the public schools of Raleigh. Margaret G. sh. — My first work was in ' estern North Carolina: after- wards I taught in Georgia. For the past two years I have been at Pratt Insti- tute, studying library work. Maria Loftix. — My work has been teaching in the James Sprunt Insti- tute, Ixenansville, N. C. Jes.sie Page. — I am proud that I, too, have carried out the spirit of our motto. I have taught in the schools of Aberdeen, N. C, and am now in the newly established graded schools of Henderson. Barxette Miller. — For a year or more I was stenographer for a firm in Columbia, S. C, but good fortune is mine, in that I have enjoyed some travel, and have had an opportunity of continuing my studies at Bryn Mawr, and also at Columbia University, where I now am. Ethel Par.mele. — As Mrs. Mary Parmele Cardwell, I am residing in ' il- mington. The title I bore among you as " The Class Baby " has been trans- ferred to my own little Edgar Parmele, who bears the honor in my stead. Before leaving the state of single blessedness, I taught in the Wilmington public schools. Elizabeth Battle. — I have devoted my talent and energy to work in the Durham public schools. Maggie Perry. — For a while after graduation. I conducted a private school in Statesville ; afterwards teaching in South Carolina. I have recently returned to the Normal College, and am taking a special course in Pedagogics. Lucy Boone. — My native county of Hertford claimed my services as long as I figured in the teaching world. Sar.-mi Gr. xt. — The schools of my liome town. Jackson, X. C. have been my field of work. Nettie Allex. — My first year ' s work was in the Wilson public schools, but when my Alma Mater called me back the next year, I was not loath to return. I have been one of the supervising teachers in the Practice and Obser- vation Schcol since the fall of j6. M. UDE H. RRiso . — I have been teaching in the jjublic schools of Wake County. Annie Sjiai.i.wood. — I am (jne of the " mystic seven " of our number who have found another meaning in our motto, and am not living for or by myself alone. As Mrs. Annie Smalhvood Baugham, I am still true to its first altru- istic meaning, and am teaching in the High School of Rich Square, N. C. LiN. T. MES. — I taught for a while in my native county of Pasquotank, but I " broke ranks " some time ago and am now on the list of those who have set up a strictly private establishment. I. Rc;. KET P. RKER. — I remember this sentiment in our class song: " We of us .shall try As schoolmarms, by and by, Each other to outvie. " In several places, in Gates County, in High Point, and elsewhere I have been doing my best in this respect. Ruth Sutto.x. — It has been my good fortune to combine business with pleasure. For a great part of the time my work has been in a bank in Kinston as cashier, but I have enjoyed quite a little traveling. I()f.. Y.vtes. — No answer. She is married now and has lost her class con- nection. She has taught in the schools of Wake County. Iu. I ' lELDS AXD AxxiE Parker. — Though we did not receive our diplomas with you on account of unavoidable loss of time, yet we always counted ourselves as memljers of the Class of ' 95. If the teaching spirit is the requisite for membership, we belong to it in that sense. We have been laboring in the school-room since leaving our Alma Mater. Annie Williams. — She is not with us. She has been called up higher to answer the roll-call of her Great Teacher. The Class of ' 95 will ever hold her name in loving memory. " None knew her but to love her, none named her but to praise. " " Death loves a shining mark, " and in striking hei, took from us one of our brightest and best. From the first, she was one whom we delighted to honor. For two and one-half years after her graduation she taught in the public schools of Reidsville. Nettie M. Allex, ' 95. 40 PRESIDENT ' S RESIDENCE AND VIEW. (Elasfi of ' 3fi. T ' 0 girls run down the plank walk laden with screens, another brings a vase of carnations, and still another comes with rugs rolled under each arm, all hurrying towards the main building — what does it mean? It is Senior Class meeting in the library to-night, and they are giving to the room a touch of brightness and daintiness for the reception of the nineteen strong. In they trip, happy-faced, loyal and hopeful, dropping easily into the chairs around the green-covered tables. There is a suspicious aroma of bananas in the air : somebody makes a dive for the particular screen hiding the treat, and there is high glee until nothing remains of the feast but a heap of yellow skins. Then with a rap from Madame President we are faced by the serious question of what we must do to surpass all the classes that have gone before, and to set an example to those that follow us. Our position is unique. We are the first class to complete the full four years ' work, and we are looked to for some- thing original. We scorn the time-worn class Historian and Prophet, and decide to Zi.Titc and act a play of our own, to portray our past, present, and future. We lay aside the regulation dress of white and gold for Arbor Day and adopt a style of our own design. Who of us does not remember those linen crash suits with the little jackets all trinmied in buttons and brown braid? Instead of the usual dinner, we decide to give a class breakfast, so our exercises must needs be held at seven o ' clock in the morning. We are the first class to mark our class tree with a marble slab, and, while we were joked about its being the tombstone of our first tree — which died — we see we have been imitated by other classes. Can it be that this was six years ago? After Commencement, arose the problem of getting positions, and we are glad to know that every member of the class has done some teaching, and many have continued in the profession, while a few have stepped aside to rock the cradle and to serve some lord of creation ; and only one, Mary Sanders, has gone before to receive her reward. Blanche Harper has become Mrs. Moseley. Nettie Asbury is now Mrs. Yoder. Cornie Deaton answers to the name of Mrs. Hamilton. Emma Harris taught one vear in Tarboro, where she became Mrs. Davis. 43 Iva Deans is teaching in the Wilson pubHc schools. Mary Milam first taught in Kinston, then became manager of the Normal Laundry, and is now teaching History in the public schools of Salisbury. Stella Middleton teaches for Mr. Brogden in Kinston. Jennie Ellington is in the Reidsville schools. Sallie Davis taught at Oxford Orphanage, in High Point, and in Greens- boro. After Christmas she resigned her position in Greensboro, to enter Trinity College in preparation for Columbia University next year. Laura Coit is Secretary of the State Normal College. Carrie Weaver worked for .?ome time in the Greensboro Book Store, and now holds a position in the Albemarle public schools. Tina Lindley is still at Brevard, teaching in the Epworth school. Lee Reid is in the city schools of Baltimore. Maude Coble is teaching in Carthage. Hattie Garvin, whose aspirations were great to become an M. D., first exercised her skill with the orphans at Oxford, then in a private school at Newton, and is now teaching in High Point. Katie Moore has a position in the Statesville schools. Mamie Lazenby taught a while in Charlotte, and now has a Government position in Washington, D. C. Annie May Pittman and Elsie Weatherly are still in the Greensboro graded schools. We are glad and proud to have done some work each in her own little corner. May we not lose sight of our ideals, may we stand always for truth, more light, more love for our fellowmen, — and whatever the coming years may l)ring of joy or ill, " One memory .still in our hearts we ' ll fi.x, The memory of the, tlie memory of the Class Of ninety-six ! " Elsie W ' e. therly, ' 96. (ElaHfi of BB7. IN giving the history of any organization of people, we have to deal more or less with the individual actions of each member of such a body, and this is particularly the case in the present instance, for the Class of ' 97, as a class organization, was not a very strong force, for it had its incipiency in the em- bryonic stage of the College and before the idea of class organization had become a vital factor in the College life. Consequently, our history is more that of the individual than of the class. In fact, no organization was attempted until our Junior year, and then our meetings were more or less irregular and desultory, none of the classes previous to our organization having been united as a class until their Senior year. In our Senior year the organization was placed on a firmer basis, and while each member maintained to a great extent her individuality, still there was a distinctly stronger bond of union than had been manifested in our class life of the preceding year. This was particularly apparent during the latter half of the Senior year, for we were then held together by the clutches of Fashion, if nothing else, this being a bond that will bring about a fellow-feeling between women of the most opposite temperaments, as a rule. Happily, there were several among our number whose self-assertiveness did not run particularly in this line, and the question of Arbor Day dress was brought to a happy conclusion in the course of a dozen meetings. As to the collegiate work of the Class of ' 97, it will undoubtedly compare favorably with that of any class ever sent out by the College, as the record books will doubtless bear evidence. The majority of us entered as Freshmen in the fall of 1893, t ' le second collegiate year of the institution. The girls of ' 97 were loyal in the performance of duty and the results will give evidence that they put their best efforts into their work. Many gave promise during their Senior }ear of becoming excellent teachers, a promise that has been verified in most cases by their years of experience since graduation. The girls of ' 97 were among those who were instrumental in the establish- ment of the Normal Magazine, and it was from this class that the first Editors were drawn. As it requires exceptional ability to bring a new thing to a suc- cessful issue, it will be seen from the worth to which the Magazine has attained that its growth must be largely the result of an auspicious birth. In the societies, the girls of ' 97 were both active and strong. In fact, there has been no class that has given to the societies more active, vigorous, and faith- ful supporters. •15 In point of age our class averaged about nineteen years on the day of grad- uation, and this alone can account for some of the lack of dignity and sedate- ness which characterized all our predecessors and many of our successors, and which has made the word " Senior " so awe-inspiring to Freshmen. Taken as a whole, however, our class was good to the core, loyal to our College, and ever alive to her best interests. As all things earthly have an end. so did our days of study and wearv toil come to a conclusion, and we were finally launched into tlie gayeties of " our commencement, " a point in time that had long been contemplated from afar, but which none of us fairlv realized until we were suddenly brought face to face with the unsavory fact that we were st)on to leave our Alma Mater, by the stirring words addressed to the class by our noble jiresident. Dr. Mclver. Then it was borne in on our souls that we were " Leaving now the four year.s ' home of work and pleasure too, " ' and that " Now we " d come together to bid our adieu. " Let US draw the veil over the scenes that followed. Having given something of the history of our class as a whole and during our College life, it may perhaps interest our readers to know soiuething of the individual members of the Class since leaving College. Beginning with our President, Bertha AI. Donnelly, of Charlotte. X. C, after teaching in the High Point Graded Schools for a year or two, she now has a position in the Graded Schools of her native city. Lessie Gill is now ?ilrs. Young, of Henderson, X. C. Bessie Rouse, who studied Art in Xew York for a year after graduation, is now working in a bank at La Grange, X. C. Annie Royal Hankins is now Airs. Saunders, of ' ilmington, X. C. She is blessed with a bright little girl, who will doubtless grace the X ' ormal in the years that are to come. Willie Watson, having taught with nuich success in the Statesville Graded Schools, now holds a position- in the Wilson Graded Schools. Frances Hill was last year a member of Albemarle ' s corps of teachers. Alary Jones is making for herself a reputation as a teacher in the Goldsboro Graded Schools. Cheves West, after teaching for quite a while, has won a scholarship at Columbia University, Xew York, where she is now a student. Alattie Livermon is teaching in the Roxobel Academy, Roxobel, X. C. Frances Eskridge has a position in the Shelby Graded School, Grace Smallbones is now Mrs. Bunting, of Wilmington, N. C. lola A ' ance Exum is teaching at her home in Snow Hill. Fannie Harris is teaching in the Charlotte Graded Schools. 46 Irma Carraway has a position in the Wilson Graded Schools. Marv Faison De ' ane teaches in the James Sprunt Institute, Kenansville, N. C. Grace Scott teaches in the Ashevillc Graded Schools. Madge Little is at Graham, teaching. Nellie A. Bond taught one year near Mt. . iry, two in the Statesville Graded Schools, and since September, igoo, has been the assistant in English in our College. Sabrella James taught in Tarboro last year. Lida Humber teaches in Joneslioro. Minnie Barbee is Mrs. Suett, and lives in Durham County. Emily Gregory taught in the Greensboro Graded Schools for several years, and is now Mrs. Walter Thompson, of Greensboro, N. C. Harriet M. Berry taught in the Oxford Orphan Asylum for two years, and a public school near Hillsboro one term, since which time she has spent a year at the Normal, taking a course in the Commercial Department. She is now in the employ of the United States Geological Survey, Chapel Hill, N. C, having passed the Civil Service examinations in the fall of 1901. In looking over the record of our class as given above, it will be seen that all the members of our class have taught, but one, Bessie Rouse : that more than half are teaching now and have been since graduation, and that all have become useful factors in the Commonwealth of our State. And now I would say, and I feel that I voice the sentiments of the whole class, that we all appreciate the great benefit that the State has bestowed upon her women in general, and us in par- ticular, by the establishment of the State Normal and Industrial College. All honor to the brave men who have espoused the cause of the womanhood of the State ! Harriet M. Berry, 97. (Elaas of ISSB. " Why do those cliffs of shadowy tint appear More pleasing than all the landscape near? ' T is distance lends enchantment to the view, And robes the monntain in its azure hue. " JT IS true that the years which have elapsed since the Commencement of I ' y8 have smoothed over the rough places in our College life and tha ' ' to-day we, the Class of ' 98. view in retrospect that period of work and pleasure with no feeling of pain or regret. All that is not pleasant is forgotten, and we think only with affection of our Alma Mater, of our teachers, and of our class. Yet it neerlcd not the lapse of time to create a feeling of love within us. for that feeling was horn while we were still known as " Fresh. " For four years it developed ra])idly. and continues to grow stronger each year. We can but agree — " That the past will always win A glory ironx its being far ; And orb into the perfect star We saw not, when we moved therein. " All things have an origin, and all things of importance a purpose. The organization of the Class of ' 98 was the result of the combined desire of all its members to keep up with the other classes — in other words, to imitate. I am sure we had a purpose in organizing, but am by no means certain what that purpose was. I think, however, that I have an idea of one main pur- pose, which was not thought of or hinted at, yet it was perhaps the greatest factor, next to Mr. Forney, in organizing a body of over a hundred girls into the first Freshman Class of the State X ' ormal College. The Societies were so far above us that even our love for them could not remove the feeling of awe with which we witnessed the proceedings of the meet- ings. There the Juniors and Seniors held sway with an occasional Sophomore to advise or applaud ; wdiile we sat in silent admiration of the ease with w hich the oiificers presided and the members discussed weighty business affairs. It -was a happy day for us when we realized that the one thing lacking in our College life was the organization of ourselves into a class. Here we were all alike, all fresh! fresh! fresh! Here our tongues would not refuse to act, and, to our heart ' s content, we could listen with pride to the pleasant sounds of our own voices speaking in pul)lic, and yet without a tremor. Who among us will ever forget those first meetings? Were ever Fresh- men fresher? Surely not. Why, our first president herself TLina Wiggins) was among those of us " who realized our degree of freshness, who delighted in the knowledge, and who were ever ready to bestow deference upon our superiors. No Senior ever pointed a finger of scorn at one of us and said, " She ' s too forward, " for to us both Juniors and Seniors seemed entitled to our ardent respect and esteem. The long, jolly botany tramps, the frightful examinations, the boxes from home, the w-ritten lesson next day, all of our pleasures and trials, have become blended more or less, yet the one public function of our Freshman year will ever be as a red-letter day in the history of our class and will stand out in our memory as one of the most pleasant of all our school life. With what a proud and important air we received the invitation from the Senior Class to be pres- ent at the first .Arbor Day exercises ever conducted at the Normal. We were to appear in some characteristic dress, flying our Class colors. There were no previous Classes to imitate in the line of dress on this great occasion, and how we enjoyed those secret discussions and debates which resulted at last in im- mense palmetto hats trimmed with cheese-cloth and tied on with large cheese- cloth strings. The childish pleasures of our Freshman year were of only one year ' s dura- tion, however, for if we were fresh as F " reshmen, we were equally as self-possessed and conceited as Sophomores, and with our skirts slightly lengthened, we strutted boldly around the College, wearing a weighty look of responsibility and importance. Every violation of the rules and regulations was to us almost an unpardonable offense. We discussed various means and ways of aiding in the government of the institution ; we censured any of our classmates who dared depart from the strict path of duty, and we even ventured to second a few motions in society. Once when the new Freshmen were annoyed in one of their meetings, we threatened to drop from our roll the Sophomores who had so far forgotten their dignity as to carry salt to a Freshman Class. This stage of conceit also passed away in due time, ' as there not suffi- cient cause for its passage? Even had time made us no wiser, the Fac-ilty might have accomplished that end alone, for seeing in us a strong resemblance to Dr. Alclver ' s " He who knows not and knows not that he knows not, " they attempted, not to shun, but awaken us by pelting us with such missiles as Caesar, Chemistry, English, and Alathematics. When we reached our Junior year, our number had perceptibly diminished from the fact that many had refused to be awakened. As a whole, we are very well pleased with our record as Juniors. It was the Junior Class of ' 98 that was the first tu join with the Faculty in giving the first Alumnse Banquet : that gave the first reception for the Seniors : that re- ceived their new members at a rather swell afternoon tea in the dormitory 49 3e parlors ; and that voluntarily took a pledge to aid in every way they could in the preserving of order. This was our busiest year, but we enjoyed it for that reason. Not until our Senior year dawned ui .m us did we a]ipreciate fully the benefits derived from a well organized class. There were but twenty-seven left of the great first Freshman Class. For three years we had worked together, side by side, hand in hand, and an indescribable feeling of sympathy and love had sprung up and developed among us. Of the trials and pleasures of this year, nothing need be said. Our experi- ences were very much as those of other Senior Classes. Over them all towers the most pleasant of all our College episodes, our memorable " Washington Trip. " How we enjoy that tri])! The sights of the city seemed doubly grand to us. What if an occasional passer-by did stop to cast an inquiring glance at twenty-five sight-seeing girls marching two and two around the streets, and remark, " The Salvation Army on the march. " We could well afford to furnish them some amusement, for at that moment we were perhaps on our way to the White House where Mrs. McKinley was to give us a private reception ; per- haps on our way to an Afternoon Tea at Senator Butler ' s, or to Wagner ' s private studio and museum. If to neither of these places, then certainly to some place of especial interest. Not alone in Washington did we have fun, but both going and coming our private car rang continually with laughter and merry songs. Dear little Dr. Gove would sit smilingly by and allow us to make hay while the sun was shi- ning. She knew that was our last " lark " as a Class, and that within a few days we must lay aside frivolity and assume our dignity again. Who can ever forget the strains of the song which expressed our jollity thus?— " Oh, my comrades, gather ' round me ; Let us shed a parting tear ; Don ' t you drop it on your sheepskin — It would make a blot, I fear. Chorus. " Put ye on a face of mourning. Underneath it wear a smile, For we must look sad at parting. Though we ' re giggling all the while. Chorus. " Weep for those we leave behind us. Who the thorny path must tread. Leading up to graduation — When they reach it, they ' 11 be dead. " Chorus. 50 " Like a phantom ship, my comrades, We are putting out to sea ; For we are but ghosts and specters Of the things we used to l:)e. " We do not boast df mir Class Day, when our history and prophecy were acted in the usual scIkhiI i irl fashion, for fate seemed against us on that day. The Green and White " nri andic dresses, " so long discussed in secret and in- tended to be worn on the canijius. had to be replaced by wraps and umbrellas. A most touching scene we must have presented to the other students who watched us from their wiiiiluws. as we gathered around our little tree to sing om- Class song and l.iurn and Inn-y our records, while the rain inmiercifully beat down ui)on us. Ijut this was not all. The exercises which were to have been held around the tree had to be gone through with in the Chapel. Now this was not at all appropriate, as the Class Poet was compelled to recite her " (Jde to the Tree " to an imaginary one ; for Ellen Saunders, who had substituted as tree in the rehearsals, refused to stand as tree at the critical moment. We are all glad that the prophecy made on Class Day has not failed entirely and that " Mrs. Varsity " (Margaret McCaul), our president, has in truth be- come " M rs. Varsity. " May she not forget the invitation she extended on that day to the Class of ' 98. And now of the Commencement of ' 98. Well, words could not express our feelings on that occasion ! Those who have experienced a commencement of their own will understand, others could not anyway, so out of our history we will leave the greatest of all its epochs. Why was it not with a feeling only of gladness that we were received as Aluninse and entertained at the Alumn?e Banquet? Ah! not fully, but to some extent, we had begun to realize our love for the dear old Normal, and to enter- tain some feelings of regret that forever our work within those walls was at an end, that soon our places would be filled, and the little ripple made l)y the Class of ' 98 would pass away. It was no wonder that, as we stood in the ]!an(iuet Hall, and sang for the last time our Class Song, our hearts were not light, and that we felt as never before the force of the words we sang : " It seems to us but yesterday. So .swift our school-days ' flight, Since we, the first real Freshman Class, First donned the green and white ; But years have passed, and many a joy And sorrow have we seen ; As Seniors now we still are proud To wear the white and green. " To you we will not say farewell, Dear friends who here remain, For where ' s the heart that dares to sigh, We shall not meet again : What though the future now may hold For each a different fate, We ' 11 be so long as memory lasts The Class of ' 98. " Class of ' 98 — President, Margaret McCaull. Hattie Moseley is teaching in the Wilson schools. Lydia Yates is teaching in ' ilnlington. Mrs. Margaret McCaull Carniichael resides in Durham. Nan Strtidwick teaches in the Raleigh (traded Schools. Lillie Bonev was married in June, ntoi, to Rev. Mr. Williams. Ella Moseley was married jime 12. igoi. to Mr. R. I " . Hill, of Kinston, X. C. Bessie Harding is teaching at her home in ( ireenville. Elsie Gwyn is teaching in Waynesville. Ellen Saunders is teaching in the schools of West Durham. Mary Tinnin is teaching in the Graded Schools of Greensboro. Mrs. Rosa Holt Pritchard is teaching in the Graded Schools of Gastonia. Anna Folsom is at Gden Inglis, X. C. Evelina W iggins and Susie Parsley are teaching in the ilmington Graded Schools. Florence Pannill is at her home in Reidsville and is teaching in the Graded Schools of that town. Sarah Kelly won a positi(in in the Charlotte High School in a competitive examination held last summer. Sadie Hanes is at her home in Mocksville. X. C. Julia Damerson is ith us this year as assistant Latin teacher. Oeland Barnett is a student at Cohmdiia I ' niversity. She received the North Carolina Scholarship to the Teachers " College. Mamie McGehee (Mrs. McAnally) lives at High Point. Susie Battle teaches in Tarboro, N. C. Bessie Sims teaches in the Public Schools of Kinston. Winnie Redfern teaches in Charlotte. Minnie HufTman teaches in Statesville. Susie McDonald teaches at Covington. Lottie Arey taught this year at Woodleaf. X. C. Clee Winstead is in ' ilson. Floren ' ce D. P.wxill. " 98. 52 (KlaBB 0f IBBB. THE Class of " 99! Our noble selves! Alas, what pen has power to des- cribe us as we really were ! Some of us were pretty and some were not — except of course, when figuring in the " Galaxy of beauty. " lUit there ' s no denying that each and all were fresh in those days of ' 95. The Sophomoric showers of salt had their effect, but amUl not stop the meetings — for like true Americans, 99 iiutst organize. She then numbered one hundred and fourteen. If " opposites attract, " the class could hardly have been green, since one member was reported for eating the Botany specimens. Having become initiated into the terrors of cjuizzes, rules, and excuses, a yet greater abomination loomed up in mid-winter. All things else faded into insignificance. The startling information of those wonderful papers must have endeared the Freshmen to the faculty. How the young Hopefuls had fallen ! For details, we refer to Susanette de Sauwndierz, author of the Class play, " ' Way Down On the Stygian River " — at once the pride and glory of Ninety-nine. In this, she pictures the shades of her classmates in Hades, crowded after examinations, some seeking the acquaint- ance of C?esar, some making Ho S. others experimenting with " latent heat. " Learning from bits of Senioric Wisdom that development comes sooner through bearing failures than success, the class renewed the struggle for exist- ence. By spring, her position became so fixed she ventured a reception. The profusion of boucpiets following this tender effort threatened the class with liglit- ness of the head, caused from a gradual swelling. However, it was reduced in the Sophomore }ear by a childish remedy — measles. After this calamity. Xinety-nine retired behind the laurels of a North Car- olina flag, which she i)resented to the College. Nor did such demonstration of patriotism fail to meet with the appreciation of our President. The " Old North State " had touched the hearts of its loyal daughters. The Junior year found us busy indeed, for while many interests apart from text-books now claimed attention, the teachers were none the less exacting. Notwithstanding this and the tremendous strain of entertaining the graduating class for an evening, we came forth in glowing colors. The red hats, the first introduced in College, did not fail to attract attention of man, woman, and — beast. 55 Still unsatisfied, the enterprising spirit of Ninety-nine must manifest itself in a change of regalia. Hence, on Commencement day, the Marshals regaled themselves in class colors, rather than the expected White and Gold. Small wonder that heads tossed upon pillows — that some of our number arose in the moonlight for just another look at a geometrical proposition, or with reeling brain prayed, " Lord, bless us and cut us ofT at equal distances from the foot of the perpendicular. " ' Our gifted historian, Marie de Collyns, is authority for the assertion that later one poor Senior " dreamed the fountain was turned into a parafifin bath, r.nd the united labors of all the faculty and those of the ( ireensboro h -niale Col- lege were required to keep the creeping things in. " At last the goal lay within sight. But the dutiful example of the absolutely perfect, perfectly impossible Senior! The reality was appalling; the anxiety inexpressible. The dignity and pomp of the new situation in the College scale merited frequent meetings in the library. Who, of . int -nine, does not remem- ber them? The experiences of tliose days of In Memoriam, of revisions, of Practice School, and vertical writing, are well known. Hence, taking " short swallow flights, " we must skim away, after alluding to (. " lass Day exercises, in which the Trio, aided by our gracefully presitling Shejipard and others, won new glories for Ninety-nine. Phlora Jan ' on I ' adirzonne approached fame l)y her Lyrics and inspiring Epic of the Claxtonian Pumpkin — a deal of nothing but " fictitious facts faked into feasible form, " and swallowed by the western portion of the class ! The others would have given more credence to a Potato story. There " s no calcu- lating how far such imaginative power may have led. Put, Alas 1 on one very surprising day. Overcome by Cla.xtonian and Presidential sway, Impressed with the ignorance of our land, For education she too took a stand : And deciding that Poetry didn ' t pay, She " turned the guns of her genius " And fired them in a Pedagogical way. Manv instances of the greatness of this illustrious class of thirty-nine mem- bers might be given; but, it is more in keeping with her modest spirit to leave such praises unexpressed. We must say, however, that her happiest achieve- ments were in behalf of her Alma Mater; her proudest possessions the " bricks " place; ' , in the new building. . nd now. though scattered in many directions, we still feel the impress of the old . ' (n-nial days; still look to the College as a source of inspiration, and in c ' .ii ' icult moments hear the oft-repeated " I can. " 56 O Alma Mater, liear tlie song Of ' 99, of 99; When other daughters ' round yoii thru Remember those of ' 99 ; In union there ' s strength ' has been on As we have labored side by side ; ' T will keep us one, whate ' er betide, We ' 11 be the class of ' 99. " Margaret Peirce, ' 99. The followino- paragTajih states the whereabouts ijf most nienibers of tlie class : RosaHnd Sheppard is teaching in the public schools of Winston; liulus Ragby in Monroe; Cary ( )gburn and Kate Davis in the High Point graded schools; Ella r.radle) in ( lastonia ; h ' rances Suttle, Bessie Moody, and Sue Porter in the graded sclmols of Ashevillc ; Elizabeth Mallison, Marina Whitley, and Susie Saunders in the schools of Washington, N. C. ; Isabelle Brown and Lottie Eagle are in the Salisbury schools: Olive Gray in Lowell. N. C; I ' lora Patterson is in h ' ayetteville. N. C. ; Jessie Whitaker in the graded schools of Greensboro ; Lewis Dull has charge of one of the grades in the Burlington schools ; Emma Parker is in Goldsboro ; Mattie Moore is busy with her much- loved stenography and typewriting; Josephine Laxton is at her home in Morgan- ton ; Penelope Davis, who taught last year in the Louisburg Female College, is resting now at home in Raleigh, on account of jjoor health ; Margaret Pierce has resigned her position in the James Spnmt Institute, and is at her home near Warsaw; Eugenia Jamison is at Ramlall, teaching; Jennie Eagle attended the Teachers ' Assembly last year; X ' irginia Thorpe (iregory resides in Rocky Mount; Luc Coffin, now Mrs. W. C. Ragsdale. of Jamestown, taught in the Greensboro scho.)ls; Sudie Middleton is in Warsaw. X. C. ; Mary Collins has been teaching in the jMiblic schools of High Point; Cnra Cox is teaching in the Greensboro public schools; Ethel I ' nust a)id Maude Miller are in the Win- ston-Salem schools; Myrther Tull Wils.m leaches at I ' .elhaven ; Bettie ' right is teaching in her mother ' s school at ( ohaiie; I )beria Rogers is at her home in ' ayncsville; Xellie hitheld is in Laurinlnn-g. We have been un.aljle to locate the foilo ing members of this, the largest class that has ever left the Xornial College: Fannie AlcClees, Berta : Ielvin. S. Anna Parker, hdizabeth Smithwick. 57 OIlasB nf IMfl. MiTTiE Lewis President Bessie Hankins Vice-President Gertrude Jenkins Secretary Lizzie Howei l Treasurer Sue Nash Poet ( Propliet ( Historian Lilue Keathi IN THE autumn of H()( there asseniljled at the Xornial from homes as diver- sified in climate and surroundings as they themselves were in character, almost one hundred Freshmen. Let us pass lightly over the blunders of those first days. The Class of 1900 was soon organized, and was in no way more distinguished than previous Fresh- men classes, save in the unusual amount of histrionic talent displayed by its members. To the amazement of all, there soon came the unparalleled announcement that the Freshmen were going to entertain the Sophomores, and, wonder of wonders, the Faculty ! To all who were so fortunate as to see " A Box of Monkeys, " which was repeated a number of times, the name is enough to remind of the great success of this infant endeavor of the class. Returning the next year, inflated with more than our allotted share of Snphoiiiiirie wisdom and insufferable self-confidence, we, of course, duly salted the I ' reshnien and afterwards, assisted by one or two grave and reverend Seniors, salved their wounded feelings by a recherche little entertainment, in wliich, with a pomp and ceremony worthy of better things, we let fall upon their ' ■ devoted ' ■ shoulders our mantle of priggishness and conceit — bequeathing with it all the other objectionable things characteristic of Sophomorism. Again we came back, this time " sadder and wiser " girls ; but finding that we could be Juniors without being entirely overcome by the affairs of state weighing so heavily upon us, we soon relapsed into our old happy style, and thoroughly enjoyed this, the happiest year of a College course. During the year we gave a delightful entertainment in the shape of a Colonial Tea, in honor of the Senior Class, and further distinguished ourselves by organizing the pres- ent Athletic Association of the College, in which we gained the hearty coopera- tion of the other classes. And last, liut not least, comes the climax of it all — our Senior vear. Here, since this is to go down " through the ages " ' as the history of the first — or, is it tile last? — class of the century, we must not forget that short six weeks, so 58 full of delights and pleasures iiiterminoled with our newborn dignity of Senior- hood. Few of us but will always associate that first few weeks with Senior Hall, where for the first time — there were fifteen of us — we were together in the happy enjoyment of our Senior privileges, and where that class love and feel- ing of sisterhood for which our class has always been noted, was fostered and made stronger than ever before. It was during this year of 1900 that the fever epidemic swept over us, spreading gloom everywhere and taking from our midst some of our noblest students. Our hearts were filled with gratitude when we found that none of our members had succumbed to the dread disease, and it will ever be the pride of our class that there was not one of our number but stood to her post faithfully. In the spring, our thoughts naturally turned to graduation, and all the functions incident thereto. By a happy chance it was decided to have the Commencement number of the Stale Noniuil .]fai:;a::im- edited by the outgoing class; and .so in it. though with minds untutored an l hands unskilled, our mem- bers essayed to give sometliing oi interest to others, as well as to ourselves. Another innovation was the holding of Class exercises on an afternoon of Commencement when, arrayed in the daintiest of white dimities and violet-trimmed leghorns, we gathered around our class tree to pay a last farewell to all our Callcgc greatness. Beside the reading of the history and prophecy, and singing of the class songs, two most interesting features of the afternoon were the presenta- tion of a silver " trophy cup " to the Athletic Association, thus giving an incen- tive to all the coming classes to emulate us in the athletic spirit which had been our glory : and the gift to the Freshmen Class of a ladder of North Carolina pine, bearing on its first round the white and crimson colors of their class. Following this came the last act of the drama in which we were playing so important a part. Not one of us but, when we looked for the last time on the record of those four happy years, felt that at that moment we were saying good- bye forever to school days and irres])onsible girlhood. So short a time has passed since leaving the walls of our beloved Alma Mater that the chronicles must necessarily be brief. As yet but one of our members has taken pity on the oncoming generation of teachers and stepped out of the ranks of pedagogues to join that happier band who live up to their belief that the " Home is the true sphere of woman ' s influence. " lUit lest some of the more faint-hearted may despair, and for the informa- tion of outsiders, we will say that there is still hope ; for as one of our members has remarked, " All we want is time. " For the rest — nearly every large town in the State has some one of us teaching there, while the country schools are by no means slighted. Perhaps, when another decade has passed, some more worthy historian will record the mighty deeds which have been accomplished ; but now, as " the 59 past is gone, the future yet unseen, " ' t is but left to us to hope that that future may be a fair and lastin.e: copy of our brilliuiit ])ast. The followint;- paraijraph states the whereabouts of each nieniher of the class : Isla Cutchin is teaching in Rocky Mount; Emma llernard in AsheviUe : W ' oodfin Chambers in Charlotte ; Sue Nash in Monroe ; Ruth Harper in the graded schools of Kinston ; Mittie Lewis in Goldsboro ; Enmia Lewis Speight in Tarboro; Bessie Hankins in the public schools of Wilmington; Bessie Howard in the public schools of Winston-Salem; Elizabeth Howell in the pub- lic schools of Tarboro ; Wilhelmina Conrad in Durham ; Auvila Lindsay in High Point; Myrtle Scarboro in Asheboro ; Lelia Tuttle in Charlotte; Martha Wiswall in the public schools of Washington, X. C. ; Alice Daniel in Stanley; Mary Zilla Stevens in Smithfield; Carrie Martin in Salem; Annie and Etta Staley are teaching together in Winterville, Pitt County ; Mary Winbourne is at Rocky Llock ; Eva Miller is giving elocution recitals; Mrs. Myrtle Hunt Mattocks lives in Washiugti .11, ! . C. ; Hattie Everett is at Palmyra; Alaude Kinsey is at home in Xew I ' .erne ; Lillie ' . Keathley is taking a course in shorthand at the State Normal; Clara Gillon is at her home in Concord; Miriam McFadyen is at her home in Clarkton ; Gertrude Jenkins is at her home in Win- ston ; Lillie May McDowell is teaching in Buncombe County; Eleanor Watson, now president of the Alumnae Association, is principal of the Salisbury High School. Lf.I.1. J. Tl ' TTLE, ' 00. Lille ' . Ke.athley. ' go. (ElaBfi of IHHL IN OCTOBER, 1897, there was a mighty assembling in the halls of the State Xornial College. After the summer ' s gaieties, the old students had returned to College and work, and with them came many a new girl. With this latter class our story deals. They were fresh and green, as Freshmen usual!}- are, hut they had not yet reached the dignit}- of a class. Many trials, otherwise known as e.xaminations, had to be passed : much homesickness under- gone : new friends to be found in a strange place. Unorganized, undisciplined, unclassified, and altogether uncertain of themselves, they lived on for nearly a month. Then, as they looked upon the other classes and saw that union was a good thing, and as every one seemed to expect something of the kind, they resolved to form a class for " just us, " and to have caps and colors of their own. So, on October 22d of the same year, sixty of these doubtful and doubting, but wholly enthusiastic, people came together for the purpose of proving the strength of unity. A constitution was drawn up and signed, the officers elected, and the maiden speeches uttered. But such a glorious beginning must have made the Class of 1901 unduly elated, or else the spirit of the Class of 1900 was very uncharitable, for on the next regular meeting, while the new officers were holding forth in all their .glory, in came the Sophomores, and literally and fig- uratively " salted " the members of igor. Great was the indignation, but the " fresh " days were over forever. This assault was, perhaps, due to the jealousy of the Sophomores over the Freshman rendition of " Old Chestnuts. " The first year was a hard one for the class, but it showed the members what they could do, and gave them — themselves. At the beginning of the Sophomore year, there were but thirty or forty. Sickness and disappointment had thinned the ranks, but the class spirit had gained in strength. Many of the girls who had come there undeveloped in brain and soul were beginning to unfold, and their sense of possession was especially developed — they owned the whole College! O, dear old Sophomoric days, when the whole world was ours, when nothing was impossible, when all life lay before us I With what a patronizing air we looked upon the Freshmen, and with what pity upon the Juniors and Seniors. That was the zenith of our glory. To show our superiority over the former Sophomore Class, we decided to return good for evil and tender them a real reception. O, the important air with which the ceremonies were performed. Surely, as the Banderlog would say, all men must admire us ! But when the Junior year came, we saw ourselves in more correct propor- tions. Life began to have a more serious meaning — duty began to encroach on pleasure. , Wild protestations of loyalt - to College, class, and society were no longer heard: a deeper, truer devotion had come instead. As Marshals, a sense of responsibility rested upon the hearts of the class, and in striving for the College, our love grew purer and stronger. Just before Commencement, the Juniors threw away dignity, and took the .Seniors upon a hay-ride to Guilford College. Then came Commencement — all the Class of 1901 were no longer Juniors. After a period of rest, they came back as Seniors. ( " ), why had they never realized how much the College depended upon them ! ( )ne false step on the part of the class and the whole institution would be ruined. From our first class meeting, we came out with a new and hitherto unknown feeling of respon- sibility for the world in general. The mass outside was not so far away, and the din of the coming strife rang already in their ears. For eight months new ideals were being formed ; when the care of the lower classes devolved upon them, all that was noblest and best was aroused. Dimly came a glimpse of the needs about them, and they began to prepare to supply these deficiencies. For the first time they learned that " privilege " really means " restriction. " But those days of hard work were brightened by the Junior reception, a trip to Washington, and the Senior drive given by Mrs. Mclver. After a great struggle, the class instituted an x thletic Tournament, to be held one week in each spring. And as a slight token of our love for our .Vlma Mater, we placed in the library a statue of Victory. Then came Commencement and graduation. Fifteen in number, they bade farewell to College days, and went forth to do their duty in God ' s great world, and for His children. They may never be known to fame, but each will be con- tent if, when in years to come. North Carolina throws off her cloak of igno- rance and rises to her true life, the class can say, " We have done what we could to make the lives of those about us richer and fuller and more blessed. The children were our heritage — behold the result. " The members of our class are already at their work. Laura Sanford and Daisy Allen are teaching in the Salisbury public schools ; Ida Wharton is teach- ing at Washington, N. C. ; Mamie Hines is at her home in Kinston ; Birdie McKinney is teaching at Monroe ; Frances W ' omble is employed in the Kin- ston Graded Schools ; Frances Winston is teaching in the High School at Franklinton ; Anna Ferguson is teaching in the Oxford Orphan Asylum — to teach the orphan is the holiest work to which a woman can be called ; Eunice Kirkpatrick has a position in the Burlington Graded Schools; Rosa Abbott is teaching in the Greensboro public schools ; Bertha Herman has a position in a rollege at Newton ; Mabel Haynes is teaching the mutes in the school at Mor- ganton : Bertha Sugg has a position in the public schools of Wilson ; Lizzie Zoeller is teaching in New Berne; Rosa Rowe is teaching in Stanly County. Daisy B. Allen, ' 01. 62 ® mUBB of 1902. As THE last year of our College life is drawing to a close, it devolves upon us to chronicle the final chapter of our history. Since entering College in ' 98, our class record has been one of which we are justly proud. We then numbered nearly one hundred. From all parts of our State had we gath- ered here. There were those from the far West, where the towering peaks of the Blue Ridge rear their proud heads to the clouds; those from the green roll- ing Piedmont, and others from the extreme east, where the waves of old ocean beat upon our shores. All had come to a common " mecca, " ' all were moving toward a conmion goal, and all had one noble purpose in view — namely, to know something, to be something, and to do something for the advancement of our State. Timidly, hesitatingl}-, had we entered this College world, small and insig- nificant, perhaps, to those who have passed beyond it, but oh. how complete, how real, how wonderful to us! With what awe. admiration, and wonder did we gaze upon those happy mortals who peopled that dizzy height known as Seniorhood. But our Freshmen, Sophomore, and Junior years quickly passed, and now we are Seniors, standing on the topmost round of the ladder of Col- lege life. Is it possible that we have really attained that lofty eminence which, when humble Freshmen, seemed far above us? Yes, the battle against difficul- ties met in College life is nearly over, the victory almost won. Freshman days, with their many vicissitudes, and Sophomorehood. with its geometry, chem- istry, and Caesar, are things of a beautiful past. We have also threaded our way through the mystic mazes of physics, trigonometry, and that wonderful study of ourselves, psychology. At length we have attained the goal of our undergraduate ambition ; yet somehow, we are failing to experience that expected sense of dizzy height and the joy of perquisite and privilege to which we had looked forward with eager anticipation since our Freshman days. Seniorhood, though indeed a pleasur- 65 5e able state, is not all unalloyed bliss, for with privileges come also responsibil- ities. Since ' 98, our numbers have been g-reatly reduced. Some have become business girls, others are already teaching in the State, while yet others, tiring of a life of " single blessedness, " have taken to themselves a " better half. " until now we number only thirty-five. This year we were initiated into the mysteries of Practice School work, and art at present engaged in the charming and delightfully entertaining occujjation of " teaching young ideas how to shoot " (alas I we fear, sometimes in the wrong direction). Until recently we have been greatly hampered in our wdrk hv tlic inconvenience of the old building. At length, however, as the Israelites of old, vf have " crossed over Jordan into the Promised Land " (the new Curry build- ing), not under the guidance of " Moses, " who had hoped to conduct us thither, but under his staunch supporter and worthy successor, " Joshua. " Under improved conditions we are working with renewed interest, and we feel that be- sides imparting strength to the little ones, we are gaining power ourselves. One of the most delightful experiences of our Senior year was a dainty Colonial Tea, tendered us by the Juniors, on the evening of February 22d. In Athletics as well as scholarship our class is prominent. Besides our class basketball team, we have furnished several members to the College team, and our girls are conspicuous among the baseball and tennis players. As we review our College career, what pleasant memories crowd upon us, memories which will live in our hearts when College days are a thing of the past. While here, many trials have been ours, but many joys as well ; thus it is with deep regret that we realize our College race is almost run. Many mis- takes and failures have been made ; yet we are not disheartened, for success often comes through failure. It is with a feeling of sadness that we sever the ties that bind us to our life here, but the time has almost arrived for us to join the ai-my of graduates which has gone out before us, and we must surrender to others. Soon must we go out into the world to fulfil the mission for which we have been preparing ourselves — namely, to become loyal and useful citizens of our State, and to do all in our power for the elevation and education of her children. To assist in its work, the Women ' s Association for the Betterment of Public Schoolhouses, which has been recently organized in the College, our class has established a traveling library, consisting of about fifty volumes, and presented it to the schools in the rural districts. This is one of the ways bv which we intend to fight King Ignorance, the greatest curse of our State. And now, dear classmates, the time is not far distant when we must bid a last farewell to Alma Mater, but that word and all the tender memories cluster- ing round it will ever live in our hearts, and what she has done for us be held in grateful remembrance. " The time of our departure is at hand, " and sad as that departure is. there is an element of pleasure connected with it which softens its 66 sadness. Wc feci that we are now capal)le ui doing something for tiie State which has done so much for us, and our aspirations and ambitions lead us to hope that whatever success has come to us here is but the herald of that to be attained in later life. But wherever we go, we shall always love and honor the memory of the mother who raised us from weakness to strength. That she may continue to grow and prosper, ever shedding the light of knowledge and wisdom upon the ])athway of Carolina ' s daughters, is the earnest prayer of the Class of ' 92. Annette Morton, ' 02. (ElaHB 0f 1903. Colors : Red and White. Flo vi:r : Red and White Carnation. Motto : United by Love. Bell. Rah! Rah! Rah! Zizzy, zum, zee! Vive- la! Vive-la! Nineteen Three! Bkrta M. Albright President Id.v Hankins Vice-President Myrtle Hetwiler Treasurer Daisy Massey Secretary WiL Warder Steele Class Historian Nettie Leete Parker . . Basketball Historian m Class of X903 ON THE 4th of October, 1899, we, a crowd of " new girls, " first set foot upon this " unknown " land — some of us " bright and gay, " others " blue and homesick, " but all gathering to reach a common goal. Ikit ere three weeks had elapsed we met, one hundred of us, to organize into a class. Our first president, serving from October, 1899, to February, 1900, was Miss Wil Warder Steele. She was succeeded by Miss Marie Louise Jones, who served the remainder of the school year. Also in our first year, we were initiated into the social life of the Class of 1902, who very delightfully enter- tained us with the farce, " The Gentle Jury. " As the time drew near for a number of our friends, the Seniors, to leave the College home, we endeavored in our humble way to entertain them for a few hours one Friday evening; also having present a number of the Faculty. The evening ' s entertainment consisted of a short play, " The Baby, " after which a reception was enjoyed and refreshments served. And though we were " fresh, " and as some wise (?) Sophomores said, when they divided their salt with us, " Of all fresh Freshmen that ever I did see, the freshest are those of nineteen-three, " we had a part in the Arbor Day exercises. The Class of 1901 presented to us a ladder of four rounds, and we are climbing .slowly but surely to the top. We returned in the fall to begin our second year ' s work, with renewed vigor, more determined than ever to surmount the difificulties that confronted us. Our president for the following term was Miss Lucile Foust, Miss Sudie Harding being her successor. And, speaking again of our social life, we may mention the evening when we entertained our " new sisters, " the Class of 1904. The farce, " The Chinese Dummy, " given that evening, was also given at a later date to a number of representatives of the Grand Masonic Lodge of North Carolina. On the first day of May, 1901, at five o ' clock in the afternoon, amid a large crowd of spectators, we planted our class tree. After our e.xercises, consisting of an address by our president, an ode to the tree, and the class song, we had a few words of encouragement from Dr. Mclver, and from Mr. Claxton. Since that day we have watched with eager eye the prosperous growth of the tree to which we will entrust the valuable records of the Class of 1903. And so again it is Commencement ! We are neither former students nor tlie few favored Juniors, so we are not permitted to feast at tlie Alunniae Banquet. But, nevertheless, we banquet. The lodern Language room is the scene of this elaborate feast — cream, cake, and bananas. Here it is that we meet once more under the name of Sophomores, once more before we don the robes of Juniors, once more we meet to enjoy the " w ' ise foolishness " of our school life. But this year we lay aside the follies, and endeavor to prepare ourselves for the places we will fill ne.xt year as teachers in the Practice School, and as Seniors who have " privileges, " so envied by all. Miss Mary I. Ward served as presi- dent the first term ; Miss Berta M. Albright now holds the seat of office. The first term of our Junior year was uneventful along the social line, but during the second term George ' ashington ' s birthday was celebrated by a Colonial Tea, given in honor of the Senior Class. And yet this class has not ended its work in these few social functions, but it has inspired us to undertake with a cheerful heart the hard tasks set before us ; it has formed us into one united whole, and the fund for the Students ' Building has been increased $405. And now let us briefiy speak of our misfortunes. In our Freshman year, six weeks after our arrival, school was suspended for two months on account of the epidemic of fever which befell the College. Year by year, one mem- i)er after another, for various reasons, withdrew her name from the roll, and to-day the Class of 1902 consists of only thirty-three members. Here the historian yields the sceiie to the future. Her task has been u pleasure: her only regret is that she has not served you better. W ' ir. W.vuDER Steele. dlasfi 0f 1904. Colors : Lavender and White. MoTTO : Non scholae sed vitae discemus. Flower : Violet. Bell. Boom a ling ! Boom a ling ! Boom a la ka ! Whang ! Bang ! Kick a rick roar ! Hoopala ! Hoopala ! Nineteen Four ! ! Officers. Nathalie Smith, President Halifax County Bessie Crowell, Vice-President Mecklenburg County Marie Buys, Secretary Craven County Nora King, Treasurer Warren County Class of 1904. THE Class of 1904 with pride records its k-nt nhy (?) liistory. On October 28, 1900, we, as a class of sixty-three nieniliers, bravely began our ascent of the " Ladder of Fame. " What matters it now if our days were tilled with longing thoughts of home, and our nights infested with haunting dreams of Sophomore torture? for soon time cured the first, and a charming reception by the Sophomores the last. To the surprise of our members — perhaps ( ?) to the Faculty — nothing won- derful was accomplished by our class until the spring of 1901, when we distin- guished ourselves in athletics. During tournament week, our class won the trophy cup, and still holds it against all comers. In the fall of 1901, lejoicing in the name of Sophomores, we returned to College duties. We, profiting by the example (?) of last year ' s Sophomore Class, have endeavored to be a very quiet, unpretentious class, and have won the love of Freshmen and other classes by our excessive modesty and docility, and the esteem of the Faculty by our studious habits and Sophomoric wisdom. " He that hath a horn and tooteth it not. that horn shall remain forever untooted. " Susie Willi.xms, ' 04. 76 OIlaaB of 1905. yaii-taoi. Annie Martin McIvhr. . . . President . . Agnes McBrayer Vice-President Lelia Styron Secretary . Clara Spicer Treasurer . Grace Tomlinson Critic . . Eunice Farmer) ,, . } Monitors Helen Kirby ) Spring— ta02. . . . Lelia Styron Margaret Castex Rebecca Warlick Elizabeth Powell . Jessie Lawrence ( Bertie Griffin ( Mary Davis 3Fr?Bl|man l tBtnrii. IN TRACIXG the lirilliant achievements of this band of Freshmen, we shall nt)t attempt to chronicle tlie many j)ains and pleasures which have entered into our history; only the most striking events. During the first days of our College life we were subject to the condescend- ing smiles and criticisms of our friends, the Sophomores. Those were indeed trying times ! However, they soon discovered in us Freshmen ready to bear the brunt of their jokes and prepared to send others in return. No one except a Freshman can realize the importance we felt when, on that memorable afternoon in October, we met and organized our class of sixty members. We did not alter the existing custom established by Freshmen who had preceded us, but conducted our meetings with even more dignity than they. Foremost amongst our pleasures we recall our initiation into the lit- erary societies. Never was there a more excited crowd. All beheld in their dreams poles glistening with grease, and it is rumored that, when it was cas- ually whispered that the expected night was drawing nig h, one terrified Fresh- man ordered her " gym. " suit to be forwarded at once. But alas ! it arrived too late. As to athletics, we have an invulnerable basketball team, and are already practising for the coming tournament, when wc shall play for the championship. While in the midst of our round of gaieties, we saw that dreaded judge, mid-term examinations, advancing. The crisis of our lives was at hand, but with " hearts stout and brave, " we met the enemy, and Cas is noth- ing unusual in Freshmen) we all passed successfully, arriving at one-mile post. Our history reached its climax when we received invitations to a reception tendered us at the home of our president. Seniors, Juniors, and Sophomores were lamenting their fate, " poor unfortunates, " and longing to be of our number " just for to-night. " We were ready long before the appointed hour, and were growing cjuite impatient when, at last, the clock chimed eight. With music, games, and elegant refreshments, amid the immortal blue and white, with the fragrance of our class flower, the white carnation, pervading the air, the hours sped by on flying feet. Alas ! the time for departure arrived much too soon, and we withdrew, voting the evening by far the most enjoyable ever spent by the Class of 1905. We then entered into our regular routine of study, enjoying ourselves while Freshmen, but anticipating as liajjpy a time when we would be Sophomores — wise ! Claude Poindexter, ' 05. ppubobii Park. IF the mission of art is to cultivate the power to perceive and to appreciate tlie beautiful, anil, if nature is the source of all art. can there be fcjund a more natural or a more pleasing method of cultivating this power than to lead the student out into the beauties of nature? With art as our schoolmistress, then we shall find a fitting school-room in our Educational Park. We may be immersed in beauty and have eyes that see not, but still our esthetic nature is unconsciously developed by beautiful environ- ment. It is only the unculti -ated mind that can not find " .Sermons in stones, books in the running brooks, and good in everything. " One hundred and thirty acres are ours to roam over at will ; seventy acres of it in virgin forest where we may become acquainted with the templed groves of noble trees — the spreading beech, the fringed pines, the stately poplar, and oaks of various kinds. The birds will sing and the flowers bloom to make glad our leisure hours. We take pains to watch over the working hours of our students : is it not as nise that we give some direction to their hours of recreation? Ihe beauties of nature are open alike to all — rich and poor, great and small : our roads are free, the air and sunshine, sunrise and sunset, are to be had without the asking, and can be enjoyed by thousands who are not permitted to see them put upon canvas by a Turner or a Claude. " Beauty seen is never lost, God ' s colors all are fast: The glory of this sunset heaven Into my soul has passed. " lother Nature has done what she could with the hills and valleys, woods and plains, to charm us and lift us out of this work-a-day world of ours, and now, through one of our own students, Aliss Kitty Dees, Manning Brothers, Land- scape Gardeners of Boston, are to smooth out the rough places for us, make that which is beautiful more beautiful, by putting in a walk here and there, cut- ting away this, cultivating that, until we find that what we have called useless weeds, we only called such because we had not discovered their beauties. It will be a sort of re-creation of nature to secure ever increasing harmonies. In this beautiful park, knowledge shall be wedded to art. for through the comings years as ever changing; generations of students pass in and out through its winding walks, they shall be reminded by the chiseled statues and plaving fountains, easy seats and unsculped stones, of the inspiring work and con- secrated lives of North Carolina ' s great educational benefactors, like Archibald D. Murphy, Calvin H. Wiley, Elisha Mitchell, David Caldwell, William Bing- ham, James Horner, and a score of others to whom these beautiful memorials shall be dedicated and whose memory they shall keep green through the snows and blighting frosts of fleeting years. Mr. George Foster Peabody ' s generous gift of $3,000 to our park has made possible most of this work, and by his beneficence he has earned and will receive the everlasting gratitude of all lovers of our College. It is fitting that our Educational Park should, at the request of Mr. Pea- body, hear the name of the greatest educational benefactor of the South, that l)rince of jM-incely philanthropists. ( leorge Peahody, who by his splendid gift of $3,000,000 to the schools of the war-rent, poverty-stricken Southland in 1867, einbalnicd his memory forever in Southern hearts. Mk ' ille ' . Fort. ®ltr B tuli «ts lutlbmg. Ol ' R institution has grown much in the past ten years — the first decade of her Hfe history. Our dormitories are crowded, a numJjer of our lecture-halls are used as the recitation-rooms of as many as three mem- bers of our P aculty, and the students have long felt the need of a building entirely devoted to those things that are of interest to them outside of their regular College work. This need has increased with the growth of our institution and, a few years ago, the students of the State Normal and Industrial College determined, with the aid of friends, to erect a building which would contain halls for the Adelphian and Cornelian Literary Societies, the Sarah and Evelyn Bailey Memorial Room, connected with the rooms of the Young Women ' s Christian Association, the office of the State Xoniial Magazine, and a general reception- room. As soon as this plan was matured, a committee from the two societies set to work to raise money necessar_ - for the erection of the building. About thirteen hundred dollars was subscribed by the Faculty and an equal sum by the students then in College. An appeal was next made to the former students of the institu- tion, each of w ' hotn the committee felt must be interested, not only on accoimt of the purposes for which it is to be used, but also because of her pride in making a success of this undertaking, the first of the kind among the women of our State. As this building is to be peculiarly the Students ' Building, the responses to this last appeal were liberal, though, until a month ago, the subscriptions amounted to only seven thousand dollars. It was then that the student body, by class pledges, increased the sum to almost ten thousand dollars. This money is to be paid by January ist, 1903. Naturally, this increase in our fimds makes us the more eagerly look for- ward to the erection of our fifteen-thousand-dollar Students ' Building. I ' lans for the building are now under discussion and the corner-stone is to be laid at the approaching Commencement. The Students ' Building will not only be a convenience, supplying a great demand, but will be a gift to the State Normal and Industrial College, from her daughters, on her decennial birthday. Flore.xce M.werberg, ' 02. 85 Jffnr llfp Sprrmital. Some sage in ages past has said, " We live in deeds, not years. " ' T is the faithful servant who at last The welcome plaudit hears. The smallest package oft contains The gem of rarest worth ; The shortest life is often fraught With deeds of greatest truth. And so our school, though young in year Is very old in deeds ; And every year of its brief life Has met a thousand needs. Hundreds of girls from every part Of this our native State, Have gathered here from year to year, And knocked at Wisdom ' s gate. Her massive doors are barred with gold, And open but with golden keys ; But perseverance, patience, will, Have always furnished these. So Wisdom ' s doors are open wide, And all who enter there Can learn the truths she has in store For those who wish to hear. For ten years past this College has. With unabated zeal. Been sowing seed throughout the State, Which will a harvest yield. And shall this harvest be for good. To help the State we love. To fill our minds with higher aims And thoughts of things above ? God grant that none but seeds of truth And righteousness be sown. And when the harvest ' s gathered in. That Truth shall claim her own. • 86 I look into the future far As human eye can see, And a glorious future for our State Is there revealed to ine. I see the years roll swiftly by, And each succeeding year Into our lives some changes brings, Which ' t is our lot to share. ' T is sometimes hard to lay aside The old and take the new ; And often ' t is with saddened hearts We bid the old adieu. But every battle bravely fought And every victory won, Adds glory to our ' lustrious name And honor to our home. Our lives shall on and upward go. Till, on the highest round Of Wisdom ' s ladder, raised aloft. Shall our dear State be found. And standing out in bold relief, As a landmark and a guide, We see our Alma Mater, Our glory and our pride. Her daughters, scattered far and wide, Her glory shall proclaim ; They shall rise to call her blessed. And honor her great name. From Mitchell ' s peak to Hatteras ' s sands Her praises shall resound ; And Knowledge, Freedom, Peace, and Truth Shall everywhere abound. D.Aisv Lee R.axdle, ' 03 87 XWORMXLM. Xgazi HALF of the first decade of our College life had passed before the establish- iiieiit of the Slate Xoniuil Mii orjiiw. It is the organ of the State Normal and Industrial College and. as such, it emanates from the combined efforts of the i ' aculty and the Literary Societies. The first number api)eared in ; Iarch, 1897, and was begun as a (|uarterly. Miss Mary M. Petty, as managing editor, represented the Faculty, and the fol- lowing students were chosen to represent the two Societies : Cornelian S itors. Mary Cheves West, ' 97 L rg. ret McCaull, ' 98 Oeland Barxett, ' 98 ftclphian SOitors. Mary Faison DeVaxe, ' 97 Frances Eskridge, ' 97 Sadie Hanes, ' 98; Bu.siness Manager Of the first student editors, none now remain in the institution. Miss West is a teacher in the Horace Mann School in Xew York, having won this position by a remarkable record of proficiency in the Teachers ' College, a department of Columbia L ' niversit} ' . Miss Barnett is now a student in the same College, hold- ing the Xorth Carolina scholarship there. Miss AlcCaull is now Mrs. V. D. Carmichael. and resides in Durham, where her husband is the Principal of one of the public schools. Miss DeVane is teaching in the James Sprunt Institute. Kenansville. Miss Eskridge teaches at Shelby, and ] Iiss Hanes is at home in Mocksville. Miss Petty remains with us as Professor of Chemistry and Physics. She continued in charge of the }Jaga::inc till it was firmly established in the hearts of the students, doing faithfully and efficiently her pioneer work, which called for the executive and literary ability possessed by her as by few men and women. With Miss Petty worked the following representatives of the two Societies: t897. aclphtan tutors. Cornelian SOitors. Mary Cheves West, ' 97, Chief Margaret McCaull, ' 98 Oeland Barnett, ' 98 Sadie Hanes, Mary Faison DeVane, ' 97, Chief Franx:es Eskridge, ' 97 Sadie Hanes, ' 98 Business Manager 1898. ffiornclian 3£ itors. : elpllian JEbltova. Oeland Barnett, ' 98, Chief Sadie Hanes, ' 98, Chief Susie McDonald, ' 98 Lina Wiggins, ' 98 Mary Parker, ' 99 Lewis Dull, ' ' 99 Susie McDonald, ' 98, Business Manager 1809. Cornelian S itors. dclphian 3E itors. Flora Patterson, ' 99, Chief Lewis Dull, ' 99, Chief Maude Miller, ' 99 Susie Saunders, ' 99 Emma Bernard, ' 00 Eleanor Watson, ' go Maude Miller, ' 99, Business Manager t90 0. Cornelian Editors. dclphian Sditors. Emma Bernard, ' go. Chief Eleanor Watson, ' go, Chief LiLLiE Keathley, ' gg Martha Wiswall, ' 00 Bessie M. Tays, ' 01 Daisy B. Allen, ' gi Daisy B. Allen, ' 01, Business Manager Miss Petty resigned in 1900 as Managing Editor, and Mrs. Annie G. Randall was chosen to continue the work, which is still under her management. The editors for the year 1901 are as follows : Cornelian SEftitors. a ficlpflian S itors. Bertha Sugg, ' 01, Chief Frances Winston, ' 01 Laura Sanford, ' gi Daisy B. Allen, ' 01 Daphne Car.raway, ' 02 Florence Mayerberg, ' 02 Daisy B. Allen, ' gi. Business Manager Mrs. Randall is assisted in her work tliis year by a corps of enthusiastic workers in the board of editors. Cornelian S itors. delphian £ itors. Sadie E. Kluttz, ' 02, Chief Florence M. yerberg, ' 02, Chief Annette I. Morton, ' 02 Sallie P. Tucker, ' 02 Daisy Lee Randle, ' 03 Mary I. Ward, ' 03 Mary I. Ward, ' 03, Business Manager The first paper of the first issue is entitled, " Our Next Educational Advance, " and is from the pen of our President, Dr. Charles D. Mclver. Sur- vesing the then prevailing condition of our people, Dr. Mclver preaches the gospel of local taxation for schools and better facilities for the education of our 91 women. ] Iuch of liis paper is a prophecy, the futfilnicnt of which is beginning and which time must liring to pass, because it is tlie one great necessity of a civilized people, viz. : the victory over illiteracy in North Carolina. Among the outside contributors to the Magadnc are : Mr. Walter H. Page, Dr. J. L. M. Curry, Mr. Robert Dick Douglas, Colonel Julian S. Carr, Dr. George T. Wins- ton, Miss M. W. Haliburton, Miss Dora Duty Jones, Dr. J. O. Rust, Hon. Walter Clark, Mr. Ogden E. Edwards, Mr. Charles L. A ' an Noppen, Dr. Claribel Cone, D. T. .St. Clair, Hon. David De .Armond, Dr. Miriam Bitting Kennedy, the late Ibm. Daniel R. Goodloe, Hon. John Smah, Mr. James O. Carr, Mrs. Jolm X ' nnlandingham. The above is a partial list of men and womsn whose words have aided and cheered the ethical and literary life of our College. Their names assure us that we have had healthful mental food; that the Mag- azine has presented high ideals, and that it has striven to raise the standard of thought and efifort among our students and through them of the whole people of the State. It is now in its Sixth ' ohmie, with the promise of a rosy future. Each month brings some testimonial of its hold u])(in the respect of the outside world. The press of the State and many men and women of culture and influence send it a greeting and Godspeed. May it ever grow in merit and use- fulness. AXXIE G. R. XD. LL. (51)f Nnrmal i partm nt. No State can hope to have an efficient system of schools unless ample pro- vision is made for the training of those who are to become the teachers in those schools. Before the estal lishnicin of the State Normal and Industrial College, North Carolina had failed td adc(|uately supply the demand for teachers who could enter upon their duties with any assurance of success, for those who did the teaching had never tested their strength in the schoolroom until they entered upon the regular work of the profession. In fact, tliere was a time when many of our people believed that no special preparation was necessary. Every one admitted that the lawyer, the doctor, and others before assuming the responsibilities of the various professions not only needed a liberal general education, but also needed preparation along special lines. At that time the teacher, to whom was committed the minds of the little children, was considered amply equiiiped if he could answer certain questions intended to test his personal scholarship. However, with the establishment of a few schools in the State where a man was employed to give his whole time to the training of the teachers under his supervision, a new condition was brought about in the demands made upon the teachers of the children. The Normal itself after entering upon its career oi usefulness aided also in the growth nf this i lea. When the nsidls obtained by thcise who had received some instructidu in the methods ui presenting the differeiU subjects taught in the schools, was compared with the results reached by those who had given little or no thought to these matters, even the most skeptical were convinced. Hence a great many of our best schools now demand Normal training of sotue char- acter as a requisite for election to positions in those schools. One of the prime objects in the establishment of this College was to give the State each year a number of young women ready — because of instruction in the Department of Pedagog — to take up successfully the regular work of the school-rooiu. This department has rendered the State two distinct services. In the first place it has given to the schools a large number of young women with high ideals as to the dignity and responsibility of the teacher ' s oflice; it has always 93 fostered the idea that the most valuable possession that any State or community has is the children, and that those who preside over the training of their minds have a noble work to perform which no one should undertake without mature deliberation and earnest, serious thought. Besides this lofty purpose, the graduates have some practical knowledge of the best means to train the boys and girls into strong, self-reliant men and women. In the second place the department has e.xerted a wide influence by stimulating others to high endeavor, and hence the whole State has to a certain extent been aided educationally. Tlie students are widely scattered and they impart to those with whom they come in contact some of their zeal and enthu- siasm in the great cause of education. I " or nine years Professor Claxton presided over the department with luuch wisdom and power. He is a man of sound scholarship, lofty ideals, and possessed of great faith in the possibilities of the profession in Xorth Carolina. The wide influence it has exerted is a tribute to his earnest, unselfish devotion to the cause. OlijDugl tH xtib i£x ittmutB of a MttBimsB Woman. rHIS is an age in which woman is essentially a a.a; " e-earner : hence ihe need of giving her skilful training, so that her labor can command respect and higher wages. The lifting of the standard of business educa- tion means the lifting of the burden from women, the giving her the means to care for herself in a way that maintains her respectability and refinement. There has been nothing done that is a greater help to woman than the establishment of the business schools of the United States, giving her the means to command good places because she has good equipment. In this con- nection, I would say that the establishment of a Commercial Department in the State Normal and Industrial College for the women of North Carolina has gone far toward raising the women of our State from their hitherto deplorable state of helpless dependence and has given them an impe tus in the direction long since taken by the daughters of many of our sister States. • I, especially, feel grateful for the great work that is being done for my sisters in North Carolina, for the question of self-maintenance came to me, as it has come to ninnerous others, and the solution of it was found only when I realized the necessity of becoming efficient in some line of work that has a com- mercial value and for which there is an active demand. Being a woman, I had to consider a way by which the best results pecuniarily, the least hardships physically, and the greatest benefit in every way, could be obtained. This way was opened to me by four months ceaseless industry, by the patient kindness and skilful instruction of my noble teacher, and, I should have said first of all, by the existence of a Commercial Department in our State College for women. The qualities necessary to success in any path of life are also requisites in the business world. There is no place in the economy of human nature for the drone, and I have found that steady courage, cheerful industry, and close atten- tion to duty will bring their own fruition. Nly experience with business men, as employers, has been an altogether pleasant one, for I have found them uni- formly courteous. 95 In conclusion, I would say to my sisters who are standing with timid feet on the threshold of this business life that seems so formidable when viewed from afar, never be discouraged — unless you are indolent. Labor omnia vincit. Strive on, for I have found that the woman who has gained her knowledge in the apprenticeship of business life is a woman who is broad of mind and keen of vision, thankful for love and sympathy, and just and righteous enough to live in charity with all mankind. Harriet ] Iorehf.. d Berry. -- I fe-r- 96 otlir iluspirattnu of Wnrk. w ' hear a groat deal of the power and influence a woman wields in the business world. 1 want to say a word in regard to the fascination that robs business life of hardship and enables a woman to perform her , one favored by fortune instead of as " a galley slave scourged to her The poet has said, " There is no friend or physician like work, " and had he added, " for a woman, ' " he had spoken a greater truth. A busy woman is generally useful and those who lead " strenuous " lives are usually happy. It makes but little difference what the business is, — con- stant, sincere endeavor to do her best generates its own inspiration, and any wiinian earnestly striving to attain perfection in her chosen vocation, feels a magnetic force from her work binding her to it, every day of her life. LUisiness life holds its power over a woman and inspires her to exalted effort by ])roviding the means of support, education, culture, and accomplish- ment. It makes her brave, self-reliant, independent; uproots despair and plants hope in her heart; carefully trains her for service; rounds out the woman ' s character on a side long neglected and builds a symmetrical whole ; increases her helpfulness to husband and child and is another tie to bind them in closer union; broadens her horiznn; npcns her eyes to another world and makes of her a new creature. In her enthusiasm, born of her work, she loves it as a valued friend and labors with zeal akin to genius to overcome faults that she may reflect credit and honor on her profession. Much that one disinterested calls " plodding " and " drudgery, " she calls " concentration " ; he speaks of " duty, " she, of " privilege " ; he, of " deprivation, " she, of " preparation " ; he says, " I have to " ; she, " I love it " ; what he considers " overwork, " she regards as " opportunity. " A business woman cultivates love for her work and ins].)iratiiin returns to her in proportion to the anmunt of lieart she |iuts into it. She knows that good work tells and is the strongest reconunendalinn of her art and workmansliip, and the pleasure from it is reciini])ense liberally liestowed. Like virtue, it is its own reward ; but her success, the commendation of employers, ability to aid others, all follow. The inspiration of work straightens crooked lines, smoothes rough paths, and means to he a help, not a hindrance; plenty, not poverty: freedom, not bondage; cimifnrt, not cold and hunger; culture, not ignorance; happiness instead of miserw life instead of death. Fr.vnces Cline. 99 A Homait ' s (Jp;i;iort«nittra in tijr luatttfaa Watih as 31 OPPORTUNITIES — fit times or occasions — come to every one in what- ever walk of life. Sometimes they are the outgrowth of circumstances, but more frequently the result of toil and endeavor. What may prove an opportune time for one person, often for another would not, inasmuch as the one, with every faculty alert, recognizes the occasion and meets it with deter- mination, and the latter, with closed eyes and inert senses, allows it to pass without challenge. Therefore, the great necessity is readiness of perception and action. This is all true in every phase of life, business as much as any other. A woman ' s opportunities as contrasted (and possibly in competition) witli man ' s ! It is assumed that the woman has started out upon her career well fitted, so far as education can accomplish the same, for the part she pro- poses to take in the business world. She finds that by honesty, straightforward- ness, reliability, and efficiency, her reputation is gained, and people put con- fidence in her, convinced that it is not misplaced. The years have not been many since woman first entered business life, and while much has been accom- plished, she has still to struggle in order to hold what has been gained, and to insist upon her own ability, competency, and rights in competition with man. Two important matters yet to be achieved are: First, the fact that she is a woman must not be a bar against her assuming responsibilities for which she is fitted and capable ; and, second, equalization of compensation for services rendered by men and women. Rachel C. Brown. jSomesttc Science A poet wise has truly said, The maids that men prefer to wed Are not the ones most sl illed in boolcs, But those who make the finest cooks. ' T is very well to study stars, Venus, the earth, Uranus, Mars, The waves of sound, the path of light. Discover the causes of day and night : To learn how to read both Latin and Greek, Spanisli, French, and German to speak, To see the " beautiful pictures " so fair Which poets have painted with diligent care. Though important quite to train the mind In science hidden truths to find. There are other things which a girl should know. She should learn to cook and learn to sew. Our college supplies this long-felt need ; In domestic science she takes the lead. Cooking classes we ' re instructing here, And they ' re growing in favor from year to year. We ' re also teaching our girls to sew. And all about cutting and fitting they know : Our purpose is, each girl to prepare. That where ' er she may go she may fill her jjlace there. Then here ' s to our college witli her triple alliance. Normal, Commercial, and Domestic .Science; Long may she live as a power in her State, Her daughters to train and to educate. AxXKTTi-: Morton, ' . Snmrfittr rimirr. IX onler tn hrin - the suljject of Domestic Science to its proper place in tlie life of our State, let us look for a moment to the im]jortance of properly nourished plant life. ( )ur farmers and stock-raisers are fast beginning to realize that to secure good results either from soil or stock, both must be well fed and nourished by such combined foods as will yield such results. It is clearly seen that a knowledge of chemistry and physics is needed, which is largely derived from the reading of agricultural Inilletins. where a college course has been denied. If. however, it is so important that certain combined foods are necessary for the best development of plant life, it is needless to say that the mechanism of the human body requires at least as much care in the combination and pre- paration of foods as does either plant or stock life. This intelligent planning of foods requires likewise a knowledge of chemistry, of the nutritive value of foods, of their adaptability to the individual, to the climate, and to the season. Besides this theoretical knowledge, there is needed a practical knowledge of the different cuts and varieties of meats, vegetables, and cereals — in short, a practical knowl- edge of the economic use of the things which are placed in our hp ids for die growth and nourishment of the body. It is the aim then of the Domestic Science Department to give students a practical knowledge of those industries that pertain to the home, in order that they may be more efficient home-makers. And who of us does not believe that the influence of the well-regulated home is invaluable in the making of our laws and maintaining the same? Sour bread and badly cooked cabbage give the devil good soil for work, and his heart rejoices whenever a thriftless housewife places before her husband and children such food as will hel]) in the work in which he is so activel - engaged. It is a well-known fact, too, that the medical authorities in the world agree that a large per cent, of the diseases which burden humanity in the more mature years of life is due to the improperly selected and carelessly prepared food in our youth. And who of us does not believe that the alcoholic intemperance of to-day, together with other forms of immoralit -, is due to the same cause? Thus it is easily .seen that the proper preparation of our daily food should be considered from a much higher standard than the mere satisfaction of ■ " some- thing good to eat, " or from the still lower standpoint of merely " filling up. " Aside fi-om the fact that our meals should be well balanced— something to satisfy every element of tfie bodv — it is our dutv to our households that this food should be as attractively served as it is carefully planned and cooked. The dining-room should be the most attractive room in the home — full of sunshine, a place where burdens and worries seldom enter. If such were the case many of us would in after years look, back upon those daily gatherings as sacred spots in our lives. Too much care can not be given to the cleanliness of both kitchen and dining-room. It has not been the good fortune of the Cooking Department to have this attractive place in which to serve meals ; but our faces are already beaming with joy because we see " unmistakable signs " of a new cooking and dining-room in the plan for the Students ' Building. In addition to the desire to give students the inspiration to make better homes, the department has attempted to present the work in a systematic, psy- chological way, so that students will be prepared to teach Domestic Science in the public schools of the State. God speed the day when the children of the State shall be taught habits of cleanliness and how to make good bread ! If nothing more can be accomplished, these two essentials will make a revolution in this old State. Having been for nearly four years a student of the North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College, the writer has the privilege of saying that if she had gained nothing but the knowledge of the systematic and economic use of the things which are ordinarily wasted in the average home, she should feel justly and fully compensated for all expenditures both of energy and money. The Department of Sewing and Dressmaking includes three years. The first term of the first year is given to plain hand-sewing. Following this work in the second term is drafting patterns, cutting and making undersuits. In the second 3ear the work is cutting and making various styles of dresses. In the third year advanced dressmaking. It is enough to say that six years ago only one dress was completed in the sewing-room, while since tliat time hundreds and hundreds of dresses of various styles have been made under the direction of a practical dressmaker. In this department we endeavor to train students to teach dressmaking and to prepare them, if the emergency arise, to make dresses as a means of livelihood. The question is often asked by educators and other thoughtful people, " Can you make Domestic Science instruction practicable? " The department asks you to come and see what is being done in a practical way in your own State College for women. Minnie L. J. misox. {Ei}t omxi} WonxnxB (UlirtHttau Asaoriattuu. IT was four o ' clock on Siiiidax- aftcnicidii, ( )clobcr 9th, i8 )2. The lars e Ijell ceased ringing and a rcvcrunl lui li fell upon some two IuukIi-lmI young women who, filing into the Chapel, had ((uickly and (|uiet!v seated them- sehes. In three shorty exciting days we had learned to feel that it was good to meet thus with our President and his Faculty, for though we had been repeatedly called to the Chapel, we had never yet come without receiving a new impetus to earnest thinking and living, or a vision of that far-off glorious day when the truth shall have made Xorth Carolina free. So now with eager, uplifted faces, our little force of raw, but enthusiastic volunteers to the cause of education gave willing ear to a message from our general. He read the Parable of the Talents and then, standing upon our level, face to face and heart to heart with us, he spoke simply, humbly, eloquently of the world ' s burden of ignorance and suffer- ing and sin, which each one of us must daily increase or diminish. He pleaded that in the battle of right against wrong we would follow loyally that Leader infinitely stronger and wiser than any man, who knew us and our powers, and who would always guide us well, did we honestly will to be brave and true, lie prayed that He would reveal Himself to us, that our faith in Him might be so genuine that we would be everywhere recognized as women of spiritual power, and that the iiistilution might be alwa s dominated b - the princi])l -s of Christ. After this, though our students attended morning service in their respective churches, they were invited every Sunday afternoon or evening to " their own service " in the Chapel. The pastors of Greensboro and other friends brought us many thoughtful and helpful messages, but, clothed in this phraseology or that, the dominant thought was ever our individual responsibility to God and man. The words, " Be ye doers of the word and not hearers only, " pursued some of us as we went away from those meetings. Miss Mendenhall organized a class for Bible study. Several circles of King ' s Daughters were formed. Yet a need was felt of a larger, broader organization into which all might enter and where each might find something to do. As chairman of a conmiittee appointed on Decem- ber 6th. 1892, to draft a trial constitution for the proposed society. Miss Men- denhall modeled the constitution after that of the Young Women ' s Christian Association at Wellesley College. This being favorably received, the Associa- tion was organized and the officers were forthwith installed. Ere long we had 106 besides our Salil)atli service, a regular mid-week prayer-meeting and a well organized Sunday Seiiodl which, in its various classes, endjraced not onl - Asso- ciation members, but practically the whole school. This was not done in a day. Not one of our students had ever belonged to just such a society, not one of us knew the history of one, and as to working details we had to feel every step of the way. Comparative strangers to one another, varying widely in our creeds, we were in constant dread of offending some one ' s notions of the eternal fitness of things — and not without reason, h ' or many of our friends dubiously shook their heads and hoped that in all our religious instruction the blind were not leading the blind. Some people declared an interdenominational Sabbath Schoul a delusion and a snare, while some of our own members contended for a IMethodist class, an Episcopal class, a Presby- terian class, a Baptist class, etc., etc.. lest in our study of the Bible we be con- strained to " skip " a vital point, .n- cdiiie to blows o -er it. (Jver-sensitive ears were sometimes offended by the hesitating speech and broken prayer of a poor girl who, though overwhelmed by the sea of faces, the solemn stillness of ihe room and the sound of her own voice, yet, in her unconscious bigotry, avoided the pomp and glory of a written service as resolutely as she renounced that of the world, the flesh, and the devil. Finally, the " red tape " being too much in evidence and the members declining to attend the " business meeting, " the Cabinet met in solitary grandeur and " discussed " until it seemed to be the- Executive Committee of the How-Not-To-Do-Anything Society. As every member of the Cabinet was a busy, farce-hating student, this became unendur- able, and one day we decided, in weariness of mind and bitterness of s])irit. that we were a miserable failure and must resign at once. " Perhaps the Associa- tion was not an actual necessity If we kept up our Sunday and mid-week services, and each Christian lived every day as well as she knew how, why W ' Ould we need the Association? We had neither time nor money for under- takings that would make the Association worth anything. It must go. " But at the Sunday night meeting the members would neither disband nor accept the resignations of the officers, and so we simply " dropped " the " ' business meeting " until there shoidd l)e some business to manage. Now and then we received a message from Chicago, the headquarters of the College Young Women ' s Christian Association, but w-e felt no consuming interest in a vague movement so far beyond our ken. However, there came at least once a year resiilute, far-seeing iitcsscngcrs, who told us of that work so modestly begun, so nobh sustained, and so persistently enlarged; and the earnestness, the true womanliness, and the deep spirituality of our visitors moved us not a little. ( )iu- horizon widened and we were glad when Susie Dalton decided to attend the first Southern Summer Conference called by the Central Committee, at Rogersville, Tennessee, in 1895. We believed the Con- ference would be a boon to Christian workers long since done with note-liooks 107 and examinations, and the manifold vexations and temptations of youth, but we had only a vague conception of what it really meant. In 1896 we sent Laura Coit to Asheville. When she told of the numerical and spiritual gain in the Conference, we caught her enthusiasm and the next summer found as delegates to the Student Conference, Lily Boney, Penelope Davis, Lucy Glenn, Sue Porter, Grace Scott, and Miss Lee. The delegates of ' 98 were Lewis Dull and Flora Patterson; of ' 99, Isla Cutchin, Bessie Hankins, Margaret Peirce, Edith Randolph, Eleanor Watson, Misses Allen, Coit, and Lee ; of 1900, Daphne Carraway, Esther Clendennin, Fannie Cole, Eunice Kirkpatrick, Nettie Parker, Nannie Poland, Mary Ward, and Bettie Wright; of 1901, Daphne Carraway, Nettie Parker, Alma Pittman, Annie Stewart, Mary Ward, Neita Watson, Lizzie Zoeller, and Miss Coit. Christina Snyder went to Northfield. In February, 1902, Miss Coit represented us at the Student Volunteer Convention in Toronto. The presidents of the Association have been Bertha Lee, Laura Coit, lola Exum, Flora Patterson, Lily Boney, Penelope Davis. Eleanor ' atson, Eunice Kirkpatrick, and Christina Snyder. It is quite impossible to mention here the names of all our students who loved and labored for the Association. They are scattered from one end of the State to the other, some are living in other States, and some have joined the Church Triumphant. We are no longer simply a local Association, but have been gradually led into the larger life of the World ' s Student Christian Federation. We have learned that the Association is not an end in itself, but only a means to higher service ; and as we gain a clearer vision, we are realizing more and more that now in our busy school-life, we may be coworkers with the Alaster in tiiat Society of His own forming, even the Kingdom of God. In our yearly Students ' Hand-Book and in our Association Minutes may be found many details of our work. Faults have been committed, trials, dis- appointments, bereavements have come; yet the Association has steadily grown in numbers, in dignity, and in usefulness, until now, with our well organized departments, our working membership, our well attended devotional meetings, our numerous Bible classes, our system of voluntary giving, and our beautiful Association home almost in sight, we can look back to the feeble beginnings of ten years ago and reverently say, " Hitherto hath the Lord helped us. " Bertha M. Lee, ' 93. ®Ijf f oung WomnxB (Eliristiau S nipfraitrf Hnuin. 5INCE the first year of our Institution ' s existence, there has been here a sentiment, more or less strong, against intemperance in thought and speech, in eating and drinking. This found expression in the appoint- ment by the Young Vomen ' s Christian Association in 1893 a standing Com- mittee on Temperance. The committee was to arrange for two or three meet- ings yearly, at which the cause of Temperance should be forcibly presented. Nc pledge of any sort was asked of any one. We had some very interesting meet- ings, but, since many — even many of the Christian Association— felt no special interest in temperance with regard to alcoholic liquors, and as this department was therefore neglected, it seemed expedient to form a separate Y. W. C. T. U. whose principles as concerns spirituous liquors should ring out with no uncertain sound. Every year we have had forty or fifty members ; almost every year we have contributed to the State work : and once or twice our College has been rep- resented in the Collegiate Contest held every year at the State W. C. T. U. Con- vention. One loyal " Y " Senior, Minnie Huffman, delivered her soul in her essay which, to her surprise and her companions ' delight, was chosen to be read at Commencement. On the memorable occasion when Miss Willard spoke in our College Chapel, the students were so stirred that many who had not before been at all interested in the mission of the White Ribbon, took the pledge and added their names to the Y. W. C. T. U. roll. As the result from a visit of Mrs. Cart- land, State President of the W. C. T. U., and an address by Mrs. Ellen M. Barker, of Chicago, 111., National Treasurer of the W. C. T. U., the roll was increased to one hundred. That was the " banner " year, but ever since, through literature in the College Library and through occasional sermons or lectures in the Chapel, we have tried to hold up before the students the principles of the White Ribbon Army. Many remember as one among the best of the lectures, that by Mr. Claxton on " the Single Standard of Social Purity. " The Society has no rigid organization and no regular meetings, seeks not popularity and makes little noise; but we trust that, like the leaven that leavened the whole lump, its principles will spread until every section of our dear old State shall be touched thereby. Annie F. Petty. Alumna? AaBcrtattnu. Officers. Eleanor Watson President LiNA Wiggins First Vice-President Flora Patterson Second Vice-President Mary Tixxix ■ Secretary and Treasurer The Alunnue Association, beside givin j the Ahimnte Fellowsliip as a loan fund, has for two years offe ed a prize of $25 for the best historical paper written by a former student of the Normal who has spent at least one year at the College. The paper must treat of some phase of North Curolina History. In this way we hope to stimulate .some, at least, to historical research and to the training of their literary talents. natatory 0f tl|f AJipl;iI)tan ICitprarg Batittu of tl|p BtaU Normal anii Snbuatrial (Eolbg? . THE decennial of the life of our College marks also the decennial of its literary societies. Among the numerous needs of our institution at Its beginning, the greatest was generally conceded to be that of having literary societies. Con- sequently in the spring of 1893, at the suggestion of Dr. Alclver, the question of literary societies was discussed. Immediate action was taken and it was decided that the societies should be organized. Misses Alice Green and Mary Arrington were appointed by the College to make an even division of the stu- dents into two sections, according to talent and ability. The two drew lots, and the lists which fell to Miss Arrington was known, until a permanent name could be chosen, as the Arrin.gton Society. When we organized ourselves into the Adelphian Society, " A Societv of Sisters, " it was with the purpose of bringing us into closer touch with the higher and nobler ideals of life, of cultivating our power of thought and expres- sion, and of adding dignity to our character. Even in the second year of the history of the Society, the question of the great necessity of Society Halls was discussed. We felt even then that we were hampered in our work by the want of them. Although no decided steps were taken then, some very determined words were spoken and in one way or another we have added bit by bit to the Students ' Fund. Our Faculty have made very liberal donations. In January, 1899, the Society subscribed $, 00 to the Students ' Building. In April, 1894, it was decided that we give a fellowship fund to a member of our Society. This amount was to be sufficient to pay her tuition for a year (session). Surely a " a Society of Sisters " could not have a higher or nobler aim than that of helping one another. It was in the second year that we gave $150 to furnish reading material for the benefit of the students. In this way a part of our money was expended for four years, but in 1898 this amount was allowed to increase our Students ' Fund and another provision was made to furnish the library with the books. The literary work of our Society has been varied. For the entertainment of the two Societies we have had inter-Society debates which naturally increase the interest and enthusiasm. We have spent evenings with Tennyson. Long- fellow, Whittier, Riley, and others whom we love so well, charmed with the beauty, love, and pathos portrayed in their poems. All public entertainments are ,given under the auspices of the two Societies. 113 From year to year we have initiated honorary members into the mysteries of our Societies. Among the " honored honorary " we may mention Governor Aycock, Superintendent Joyner. Judge Xeal, and General Carr. In echoing the thoughts of those who have left here, we say that the worth of the two Societies to our institution is incalculable. Therefore, in conclusion, let us say that so completely have they become a part of our College life, that the Normal would be as much lost without her Societies as her Societies would be without the Normal. Every year that has witnessed the steady growth of the institution has seen also the Societies growing stronger and yet more strong, in the determination to be felt as one of the important factors in the strength of our Alma Alater. Anxie AI. Kizer. ..c S SZ Katheriiie Pace Lila Austin Bhiry 8cott Munroe Florence Mayerberg Frances Museley Virginia Newljy Carrie Sparger , Asbury Elise Stamps Daphne Carraway, Chief Frances C I istorg of tl|e (Cflrttplian ICitrrarij ortdg af titr tatr Normal auJi iniiustrial (EiiUfQf. A GLEAM of blue and gold within a guarded hall, a throng of young women entering, seemingly to fulfil some mission, to perform some duty, each wearing a peculiar badge — a triangle of gold set with tur- quoise. A name — Cornelian. Such the first impressions of the mysterious society whose history in its fulness must remain unwritten, but whose influence is felt not only by its hundreds of members, but by many who know not its secrets. Organized in 1892, the society began its work under the direction of Pro- fessor E. J. Forney and Dr. Edwin A. Alderman. Of the students themselves, some of those most active in its formation were Alice Green, Rachel Brown, Allie Bell, Sethelle Boyd, Bertha Lee, Emma Blair, Laura King, and Lizzie Lee Williams. At this early period of its existence, it was known as the Green Society, while the name Alderman was being discussed. Finally, in 1893, it was decided to adopt the name suggested by Dr. Alderman, the Cornelian Literary Society, in honor of that ideal woman of the long ago, Cornelia, mother of the Gracchi. Our motto, " For fellowship, knowledge, and culture, " is the keynote to the work of the society. It seeks not only to cultivate a literary spirit among its members, but to aid in developing their powers of thought and expression, and to inspire the highest ideals of womanhood. Its meetings have been held semi-monthly. Lack of time has therefore kept the work of the society from being entirely satisfactory. Half of the meet- ings are of necessity held in recitation rooms, which, although tastefully deco- rated for each occasion, are much too small to allow the execution of a very effective literary programme. Notwithstanding these obstacles, the aims of the society have been nobly fulfilled. Under constant, but kindly, criticism the timid, shrinking student, hardly daring to give utterance to a single thought, becomes a strong young woman who not only has knowledge and well developed habits of discrimina- tion, but who can, with perfect ease and self-possession, give expression to her thoughts in appropriate and beautiful language. Until 1898, the society gave each year to the library a number of volumes ot classic literature, thus opening up a perennial fountain where those thirsting for knowledge may drink at pleasure, " without money and without price. " It has been of great influence in elevating the moral tone of our College. At times matters of discipline have been brought before the society, and have been settled satisfactorily. The State formal Magaciiic has received from the Cornelian Society hearty and loyal support. Our editors have been faithful to duty, and our members have wruten numerous articles for publication. Moved by a ready sympathy for those girls in our State who have no means of defraying the expenses of a collegiate education, the members cf the society decided in 1893 to give each year a voluntary offering, called the fellowship Fund, to aid worthy young vvomen who could not otherwise share in our opportunities for development. Xor has its benevolent influence ceased here. When misfortune has over- taken some sister, and dire disaster has followed fast and follmved fa. ter. then kind words and financial assistance have l)een given freely: and when the Death Angel has visited some home, gifts of flowers, sent in loving remembrance, have cheered afflicted hearts. Since 1898, when plans were being formed for the Students ' lUiilding. the society has made untiring efforts to aid in securing the re(|uired amount of money for this building by appropriating the $150 previously used each vear for the ])urchase of books, by securing subscriptions, and by public entertain- ments. The erection of this building, so long a cherished dream, is now almost a reality, and when it shall have a home in keeping with its aims and ideals, the society will be able to wield a greater and more lasting influence. May the work already accomplished encourage still ncrtjler effort, and the Cornelian Literary Society of the future be an honor to our College and to the State of Xorth Car- olina. . x iE Belle Hovle. Cf)e 0itt Chit). THE history of the Glee Qub is almost coincident with that of the College, for it is one of the oldest organizations in the institution, and began its work in the fall of 1901. The club has three reasons for its existence — viz. : Social intercourse, self-improvement, and the uplifting of the musical taste of the College and its environment ; and, incidentally, we furnish entertain- ment at Commencement and other public, as well as private, gatherings. The scope of our work has been broad, embracing the works of the old masters, the modern composers of choruses, glees, and part songs, and even a few rondo and nonsense songs by way of relaxation and amusement to our friends. Among other things, we have studied some of the more notable choruses from Handel ' s " Messiah, " Haydn ' s " Creation, " Mozart ' s " Twelfth Mass, " Spohr ' s " Crucifixion, " and Mendelssohn ' s " Hymn of Praise, " which have not only afforded us great pleasure in the study, but have given us a glimpse of the style and methods of the composers of former years, which espe- cially interest those of our members who are studying the history of music. As the glee clubs of the various years have contained from fifteen to thirty members each, it is safe to estimate that no less than two hundred young women have shared i ts social pleasures, partaken of its culture benefits, and aided in dis- pensing its ennobling and refining influences. The present Glee Club has thirty members, twenty-nine of whom, with the director, appear in the picture — two of them being the accompanists. The club has given a few entertainments, at which have been produced scenes from the lighter operas, and one complete operetta, " The Dress Rehearsal, " by Louis Diehl. We hope for the time when at least one-half of the students in the College will be able to take part in the work of the Glee Club, which must always be con- fined to those who are somewhat advanced in music work. Clarence R. Brown. Cijc College rdjrstra, Till ' " C ' i)llege ( )rchcstr.-i had its ince]ition in the fall of 1503, and was known through the term of 1900-01 as the " Infant Drchestra. ' " It had become such a lusty infant by Commencement that it furnished the greater part of the music on Commencement Day. and the three evenings that the exercises continued. The instnuiientation at ])resent is four first violins, four second violins, one vinla (or tcncir -iolinl. violoncello. l)ass viol, cornet. piano, and snare drum. The repertoire consists of popular marches, waltzes. ])atriotic songs, and a few concert overtures and operatic selections, not to mention a little ragtime occasionally. Music by the orchestra is in frequent demand on public and semi-])ul rc occasions, as well as among ourselves at society recepticjus and the like. It Ills a want that could not easily be supplied in any other way. The tedious waits between acts or before an entertainment begnis are not only whiled away, but are a pleasure when the orchestra ]days. Regular pr. c- tices are held, under the direction of Professor Brockmann. and the young ladies take a lively interest in their orchestra work. Any student wlio will take the tmuble to master an orchestral instrument i eligible to membership, and may even get some special instructicm gratis, if really in earnest. At present the violin family, which is the foundation of an orchestra, is sufficiently large. A second cornet, trombone, flute, and clar- inet would add much to the variety of tone color, and the young ladies could master these as well as the stringed instruments, but they seem a little timid about the wind instruments as yet. This concerted playing is a valuable musical exi)erience, as it is the l est kind of drill in rhythm, precision of attack, and ear training. The members of the orchestra derive benefit to themselves, and give pleasure to the College at large. |. Brockm.w. %fjt 9lutiubon g ' ociet of JBtorti) Carolina. THE love that the citizens of North CaroHna bear to their native State is manifesting itself in various ways. Now it is developing the future citizens of the State ; now opening new avenues of self support ; gradually teaching us to use all our resources, to gather up " all the fragments, that noth- ing may be lost. " And thus the people have been led to consider one of our valuable resources, the birds of our State, those little creatures that are among God ' s greatest gifts to man. In February, 1902, at a meeting of the Faculty of the State Normal College, a discussion was held in regard to the organization of a State society for the study and protection of birds. On March loth. Professor T. Gilbert Pearson delivered an address before the Faculty and students of this College and a num- ber of visitors from Greensboro. While discussing the value of bird study from the esthetic standpoint, Mr. Pearson spoke of the happiness that may be brought into one ' s life by an acquaintance with these interesting creatures of the air. He also considered the subject from an economic standpoint, and calculated in actual figures the loss to our State occasioned by the wanton destruction of her birds. At the close of this address, one hundred and fifty people united in declar- ing that they would endeavor: (i) To acquire and diffuse knowledge concern- ing the value of birds to man ; (2) to encourage the introduction of bird study into the schools of our State ; (3) to labor for better legislation for bird protec- tion; (4) to educate public sentiment against the destruction of wild birds and their eggs. The woods around us are resounding with the songs of thanksgiving, as it were. We, too, rejoice at the formation of a society which will promote the study that will open the eye to the beauties of nature and attune the ear to a world of song. Neita Watson, ' 02. Hompn ' H AHaoriatinn for tlir IpttrrntPitt nf Publtr irliaol i ouBtB in Nortli CCarnlina. C( ffic«t ' s. lyAURA KiRBV, President Va) ne County Nathalie Smith, ' ice- President Halifax Count} ' Marie Buys, Recording vSecretary Craven County Mary T. Moore, Corresponding Secretnry Surry County Belle Young, Treasurer Yancey County THE students of the State Xormal and Industrial College, realizing the present condition of the rural schools in the State, have organized an Association for the Betterment of Pul lic School Houses in North Car- olina. The object of this association is to unite the women citizens of North Carolina for the purpose of awakening their interest in the public sc hool houses in our State. It will undertake to establish local associations in every county in the State, and through these it will endeavor to interest a volunteer associa- tian in the neighborhood of every public schoolhouse, which will help to beau- tify the interior and surroundings by placing pictures on the walls, planting trees and flowers, and otherwise improving the environment of our future citi- zens. The central organization will be stationed at Greensboro, North Caro- lina, but will hold an annual meeting at the Teachers ' Assembly, to which the ten Congressional Districts will send representatives, who will make reports of the year ' s work in their respective districts, and will be mediums of communica- tion between the county and central organizations. It is in this way that our students plan to make an improvement in the sur- roundings of our youth — an improvement which will u])lift the " Old North State " to a higher plane than .she has yet known. tatr Normal (HoUnir Atlilrtir AfiBonattou. Nettie Leete Parker President LiLA Austin Senior Vice-President Mary Bridgers Junior Vice-President Catherine Nash Sophomore Vice-President Margaret Castex Freshman Vice-President Nathalie Smith Secretary Susie Williams Treasurer Cnlbgr laHk tball ®?am. Colors : Gold and White. Hoop-la ! Hoop-la ! Gold and White ! The Normal team is out of sight ! We are the stuff — toiigh, tough tough ! We play basketball and never get eaough ! Selma C. Webb Captain Bessie Crowell Thrower-in Catherine Nash Goal-Guard Annie Kizer Front-Fielder Daphne Carraway Back-Fielder Daphne King Carraway, ' OJ CDoIors : Red and Blue. Hoopala ! Hoopala ! Red and Blue ! We ' re the team of 1902. Hoopala ! Hoopala ! Re ! Ra ! Ru 1 Hurrah ! Annie Stewart Captain Jessie Williams Referee LiLA Austin ... Manager loNE Dunn Goal-man Daphne Carraway . ■ ■ ■ Goal-guard Ida Cowan Front-fielder Annette Morton . Back-fielder One can but be struck with the increasing popularity- of athletics in our College life aad with the fact that it is now recognized as an essential part of sound education. There being no gymnasium at the College, the Class of 1900 fully realized the need of outdoor activity. They began to consider the possibili- ties of playing basketball and gradually became encouraged, then confident, and finally intensely enthusiastic. Into this sphere the Class of 1902 entered with evidence of uncommon interest. When the humble guise of a Freshman had dropped from us, we, as Sophomores, aspired to athletic honors. As successful as we were in our Sophomore year in the intellectual line, we were equally as successful in our athletic work. In our Junior year, with regard to victory in games, our career was somewhat checked, and, owing to the ill-health of our players, we were unable to contest for the trophy cup. Now that spring is approaching with all its fresh verdure, you will find our manager, the queen of the basketball court, with her vassals at their post. M ' fellow- classmates, the time of parting is drawing near, and we, who have experienced victory and defeat in the field of athletics, must say " farewell. " We feel sure that the strength we have gained by these physical exercises will contribute largely to our future career. With the great and solid expansion of the College, and with the many good athletes sent us from all over the State, we feel confident that the athletic work will prove a success in the future. LiLA Austin. laakptball 19D3. (Colors: Red and White. Rah ! Rah ! Rah ! Zizzy zum zee ! Vive-la ! Vive-la Nineteen three ! Florida Morris Captain Gertrude Bryan Goal-man Nettie Leete Parker Goal-guard Ida Hankins Lyda Faisox Back-fielder Mary I. Ward . . Front- fielder :-fielder Referee f The class which ' gan its College life in the year of ninety-nine, On many fields, as has been seen, we all were athletes fine, Shown by the prompt formation of a team for basketball, Made up of every figure, medium, short and tall. And after a little sa lting we were able then to pass, Somewhat more subdued and wise, into the Sophomore Class. Now our interest was increased, and to the brim filled up With hopes that we perchance might win the Tournament Trophy Cup. Hail the day which introduced that long-remembered week; While our red and white were waving from meadow, vale, and peak, Loud and clear the echoes rang, " Rah ! Rah ! • Rah ! Zizzy zum zee ! Vive-la ! Vive-la ! Vive-la, nineteen hundred and three. " And wlien our hopes were brightest and the goal almost in siglit. It was destined that we should fail at last to conquer in the fight. For with sorrow and confusion in despair we knelt around, Bending o ' er our noble Captain who fell wounded to the ground. We were defeated, and the trophy to the Freshmen went, That cup upon which, in our zeal, our very hearts were bent. Amid congratulations for the winners of that race. Arose the wail, " Oh ! our dear Captain, and who can fill her place; And e ' en as Juniors we still play upon the same old ground. And our love for basketball has known as yet no liound : And in the coming contest, with three classes we ' 11 compete, And who knows but victory may await us where last we met defeat ? Nettie Leete P. rker. lasteball 1904. rROM the very l egrinnino-, the Class of 1904 has taken a great interest in athletics. We organized at once, and prepared for active work, though we were defeated at first in several match games, and that only seemed to spur us on. As our motto was to conquer, we determined to win the trophy cup if possible. This had been given to the Athletic Association bv the Class of 1900. and was to be presented to the champion team at the end of each ses- sion, to be held by them one year, or so long as they sustained their record. The first contest between the teams occurred in May, 1901. and when our team was the proud winner of the cup, there was " Joy, glad joy, Joy that can never be told. " Last fall we were favored wdth such remarkably fine weather that athletics in all forms, especially the sport of basketball, were .in a flourishing condition. Every afternoon the grounds were covered with players, representing each of the classes, and now that spring is once more upon us, the prospect is brighter than ever before. Some one has said, " There is nothing which makes the success of a thing more probable than the proper spirit. " Therefore, if we mean to be su ccessful, we must have enthusiasm. Not a great while ago. the Sophomore and Freshman teams practiced together for the purpose of training the members of the team, and after much hard playing on both sides, the Sophomore team defeated the Freshman. We are making great preparations now for the Tournament, and we hope that our success will be even greater than before. " I know no way of judging of the future, but by the " Selma C. Webb, ' 04. 135 CHAMPION TEAM. Selma Webb Anna Killian Katherine Na Temple Dameron Bessie Crowell laskrtball ®f am of n5. Colors : White and Blue. Whoop-a-la ! Loop-a-la ! White and Bine ! Whoop-a-Ia ! Zoop-a-la ! Brave an d True ! Boom-a-la-ka ! Boom-a-la-ka ! Zip-za-zu ! Mary Davis Captain Blanch Mayo Left-fielder JosiE Dameron Right-fielder Carolina Koonck Goal-guard Margaret Castex Goal-man J. I. FousT Director Supcrutsin0 ffcachcrs. Leah D. Jones Nettie Marvin Allen Josephine Coit Annie W. Wiley Hftstnrii of prartirr a« (ibscrhatinu irliDnl. iiJT NORMAL — school wil SCIKXJL without a Practice School is like a swimming ithout w-ater. " All theories of method should be tested in actual school-room work Realizing the absolute need of such a laboratory in the Department of Pedagogic Science, there was established, in the fall of 1893, what was known as the Practice School. If the ten little girls and boys who formed the nucleus of the present Practice and Observation School could have dipped ten years into the future, tliey would scarcely have believed that its scope would have been extended so rapidly. During the first year the school was under the direction of Mrs. Fannie Cox Bell and Professor P. P. Claxton, the head of the Pedagogic Department. It was somewhat like a kindergarten. The Class of ' 94 will vividly remember the individual child-study with those ten children as subjects. During the year 1894-95, Miss Jennie W. Bingham (now Airs. A ' . D. Toy, of Chapel Hill, N. C), was the supervising teacher. The pupils numbered about thirty. By the fall of 1895, there were one hundred and twenty-live pupils, and it was found necessary to have three supervising teachers — ] Irs. Barbee, of Raleigh ; Miss J. W. Bingham, and Miss Annie W. Wiley, of Winston. Mrs. Barbee was succeeded during the year by Miss M. W. Haliburton, who came from the Asheville Graded Schools. Up to this time, the work had been (largely) done by the director, and the Seniors merely observed, doing a little practise work. But now they began to do some regular and definite work, with intelligent and kindly criticism from 140 PRACTICE AND OBSERVATION TEACHERS. the supervisors, for one hour each ila}- throu.Ljh the entire Senior year. This plan has been followed since that year, and not only Seniors, but special students of pedagogics have been required to do regular teaching. By special arrange- ment, others were permitted to teach or observe work done in the school. The same corps of teachers was in charge during the year 1896-97, with the exception of Miss Bingham, who that year held a position as teacher in the Department of Modern Languages. She was succeeded by Miss Nettie Marvin Allen, a graduate of the Normal College in the year 1895. At this time, there were two hundred pupils in the seven grades. The school-rooms were in one wing of a dormitory building, and even then they were very crowded. During the first five years since the establishment of the Normal College, the population had so greatly increased in its vicinity that it was possible, on account of incrense of attendance, to have the school incorporated in the city public sclmol system. Mr. G. A. Grimsley, Superintendent of the Greensboro Schools, worked with the supervising teachers, and gave special assistance in matters of discipline. Each year graduate students returned for special work in Pedagogy, and were assistant teachers in the school. The following year. Miss S. Canary Harper, a former student of the Nor- mal College and a graduate of the Peabody Normal, was added to the Faculty, and the number of grades was increased to eight. At the close of the spring term, 1900, Miss Haliburton resigned her posi- tion and returned to the Asheville Graded Schools. With the fall term. Miss Leah D. Jones, of New Bern, N. C, took charge of the Primary Department. She came directly from the Brookline schools. Miss Harper also resigned during that year, and her work was taken in charge by the two graduate students who were assisting at the time. Aliss Josephine Coit, of Salisbury, N. C, was added to the teaching force at the beginning of the present school year. Such were the " ups and downs, " or, more properly speaking, the " ins and outs " of those directly in charge of the work of the school. We have to record but one other change. Professor P. P. Claxton, who had been the head of the Department of Pedagogy and general director of the Practice and Observation School since its beginning, in 1893, this year severed his connection with the College to become Professor of Pedagogy in the University of Tennessee, and Chief of the Bureau of Publication of the Southern Education Board. He served long and faithfully, and his indefatigable energy and enthusiasm evolved the present well graded and systematized school from its humble beginning. Whatever success has attended its fortunes has been, in large measure, due to his broad spirit and untiring interest in its welfare. He is succeeded by Pro- fessor J. L Foust, who has been for the past six years the strong and efficient superintendent of the Goldsboro Graded Schools. Since its third year, the school has been very much hampered in the effi- ciency of its work by lack of room. For several years it has been hoped that a special building might be set apart for it. Only this spring, about a month ago, has the Promised Land been entered, when the school was moved into its new home, the Curry Building. Under the present conditions of room and better equipment, a new future is opened to the school, and it will be the con- stant effort of all concerned to make it a power for good to the future teachers that go out from this College. Nettie M. Allex, ' 95. UNCLE HENDERSON. m ItktJ ALL former students will he g-lad to read this page in our decennial puhli- cation. " Zeke " is still with us ; indeed, we feel that we can not do without him. His services here are manifold, and whether acting in the capacity of janitor, office boy, valet, head-waiter, driver, or mall carrier, in an - and all he is efficient, and constantly holds himself ready, both day and night, to respond to whistle or call. When refreshments are to be served, none knows better how to slice the cream than Zeke. When Dr. Mclver whistles, none can respond more promptl -. When a train is to be made quickly, we feel sure that with Zeke holding the reins we shall reach the station in time. If a Freshman, upon arriving at the College for the first time, hands to him the check which her father has given her for tuition, in response to a call for ' " checks for trunks, " Zeke knows exactly how to act, what to say, and how to maintain his equilib- rium so that the Freshman shall sufifer no embarrassment. Whatever the emergency, we may be sure that he will rise to the occasion and jjerform his part of the service cheerfully, and well. Then, too, for service rendered, he always makes us feel that it has been done for us, and not for the fee which is so often looked for and expected by those who perform like duties. Zeke has an interesting family, a wife and two bright little boys — the younger, ' " Charles Duncan McTvcr Robinson, " named for our president, than whom Zeke has no better friend. ( mxxBbara. ■ " " HE State Xornial and Industrial College is fortunate in its location. I Greensboro is one of the most thriving and progressive of the larger North Carolina towns. Its growth and development have been almost unequaled. In 1890, the population numbered only 3,317. while in lyoo it had increased to 10,035, a " increase of over 200 per cent. If all the suburban vil- lages and settlements should be included, the population would reach some 22,000 people. This citizenship is composed of men and women of sterling worth and high Christian character. It is no small consideration for the young women of the State to come into contact with a community possessing the high ideals which characterize Greensboro. It gives to them noble purposes of high endeavor, and w-ith it a determination to make their lives mean more for the upbuilding of the State. No town in the United States of equal size has more ample railroad facilities. Seven lines extend from the city in as many difTerent directions, giving an unrivaled service. Forty-two passenger trains leave Greensboro every day. The city is on the main trunk line of the Southern Rail- way, and is the beginning point of many of its most important branches. Greensboro is the center of large manufacturing plants — there being forty- two distinct enterprises. The climate is all that could be desired. This section is not subject to the extreme lieat of summer, nor the severe cold of winter, the mean temperature being 59°. The city is surmunded by an industrious, thrifty, rural poinilation, thus giving it a good back from which to draw, and furnishing an excellent market for all kinds of country produce. As an index to its conunercial activity, the fol- lowing facts are given : There are eighteen wholesale houses. Two hundred and forty-three retail stores. Five separate banking houses, with assets of $2,356,550. The home ofifice of one life insurance company, and three fire insurance companies. Five first-class hotels. -Two daily newspapers. Guilford County and Greensboro have always exerted potent educational influences upon the State. There are five separate colleges, and six graded 150 schools in the city, with an aggregate annual attendance of 3,200 students. In addition to this, there are two other graded schools in the countv— one at High Point, and a rural graded school at Guilford College. There are also in the county Guilford College, Oak Ridge Institute, and Whitsett Institute, all of which do a high grade of work. There was recently held in Greensboro an Educational Conference for the betterment of the rural schools. At this meeting great enthusiasm was mani- fested, and $8,000 was raised for improving the schoolhouses of Guilford County. This is the first movement of a like nature ever inaugurated in North Carolina, and is the beginning of a brighter day for the State, and it is to the credit of the people of Greensboro that they were the first to undertake this great work. 1 Contents. Dedication. History of the North Carolina State Xornial and Industrial School 7 The Board of Directors 13 Faculty and Officers 15 The Old North State-(Poem) 29 " Alumnie " Alma Mater ' s Greeting 31 Class of 1893 33 Class of 1894 • ■ ■ 35 Class of 1895 37 Class of 1896 43 Class of 1897 45 Class of 1898 48 Class of 1899 55 Class of 1900 58 Class of 1901 61 Class of 1902 65 Class of 1903 68 Class of 1904 75 Class of 1905 77 Peabody Park 81 The Students ' Building 85 For The Decennial 86 atate Normal Magazine 88 The Normal Department 93 CoMMEKC ' iAi, Department: Thoughts and Experiences of a Business Woman 95 The Inspiration of Work 99 A Woman ' s Opportunities in the Business World as I Have Found Them 100 Domestic Science— (Poem) 101 Domestic Science 102 Okganizations: The Young Women ' s Christian Association 106 The Young Women ' s Christian Temperance Union 109 Alunma Association 110 History of the Adelphian Literary Society ... 113 History of the L ' ornelian Literary Society .117 The Glee Club 121 The College Orchestra 122 The Audubon Society of North Carolina 125 Woman ' s Association for the Betterment of Public School Houses in North ( ' arolina 126 State Normal College Athletic Associatii n 127 Basketball 128 The Practice and Observation School 140 " Zeke " 149 Greensboro 150 Advertisements. In Olden Times The modes and methods existing were sufficient and satisfactory. The woman of to-day, however, would be ill satisfied with the ways of even a few years ago. The best service is demanded and low prices are equally essential. No doubt many ladies have diffi- culty in getting just what they desire in silks, ribbons, laces, dress goods, trimmings, and other necessary articles in dry goods, Our large stock can be drawn upon instantly and you may always be sure of finding what you want here. We handle all that fashion in this section of the country decrees to be desirable in Silks, Ribbons, Velvets, Laces, Dress Trimmings, and Dress Goods, both foreign and domestic. If you are not already a customer of our house, why not become one now, no matter where you live? We promise po- lite, efficient service, prompt attention to all orders en- trusted to us, and prices to be satisfactory. We carry a large stock of fashionable, up-to-date footwear. Ziegler Bros. ' Shoes a specialty. J. M. HENDRIX CO. GREENSBORO, NORTH C A R O L I N .A. J. W. Scott c O. GREENSBORO, NORTH C A R LIN A Spol Cash JFholesalc rs of DRY GOODS NOTIONS, and GROCERIES Manufacturers ' agents for Sheetings, Plaids, and other staple goods. Interesting prices in bale lots, deliv- ered. Complete catalogue to mer- chants tor the askine. . ' . ' . ' . ' DRV GOODS AND NOTION DEPARTMENTS EXCLUSU ' ELT WHOLESALE J. W. Scott c o. G R L ' E N S B R , NOR T h ' C A RO L 1 N J ahrfiflb f artupaic Co. Wholesale and Retail HARDWARE 9 SOUTH ELM STREET 1 €)ur % pccialticji B U I L U 1 HS ' H A R U W A R E PAIXTb , o Ls, Varnishes S T - e s , Ranges Refrk;erators, Ice Boxes All K I N U S OF Farm P L E M E N T S 1 Our Motto — " (B:i)t rst (SooBb, t Lottret prices " We invite your patronage, Wakefield Hardware Co. Hardw arc a n d Mill Supplies (grrnisbnrn. N. 01. specialties: Fine Hankvood Mantels, Grates, and Tiles Our Idea This is one of Ol ' ER TIIENTV College and University Annuals printed and bound in our establishment during the season of iqoi. Is to handle your order for print- ing just as if you were the only customer we had, and yours the only order in our establishment ; as indeed it is, so far as you are concerned. If you don ' t get this kind of service, you don ' t get what we want to give you; that ' s the idea we train our forces to fellow. The Stone Printing a h Manufacturing Comp ' y EnwARD L. Stone, PresiJem. Roailoke, Va . At BERNAU S YOU CAN FIND A LARGE AND WELL SELECTED STOCK oF Watches ycjvc rv Silver-ware and Fa?icv Goods The Optical Depayimeiit Is in charge of a graduate optician. Glasses correctly fitted, duplicated, or repaired. Medals and Badges We are prepared to make them at our own shop, and can furnish them on short 10 t 1 C6 c e : Repair Department This is under our personal supervision. Being an e.xpert Watchmaker, we are able to execute all repairs in a workmanlike manner, and promptly. ASK FOR STUDENTS ' DISCOUNT IF YOU ARE ATTENDING THE NORMAL Mail Orders Solicited R. C. B E R NA U, : : : : : T h e Jeweler Nkw BKMiow Hotel, (;REENSB0R0, NORTH CAROLINA It ' s " IT It ' s Here Ladies know this and come here for SHOES Keeping pace with fashion, in matters pertaining to foot- wear, requires constant at- tention. The one aim of our business is to see that we are always on the top round of the ladder in ex- clusive and absolutely cor- rect styles. ]y That we are successful is demonstrated by the fact that three-fourths of the ladies in Greensboro buy their footwear here, and the other fourth is on the way Spring and Summer styles now ready — not a price too high. WARD SHOE CO. F i t t e ? ' s of Feet -Y V iE rarry a ro mplptr Httr of pbprjitljtug to H br fomtJi in a Srity S-lnrr ' IJrrfumrs, aoilrt Artirlrs. iFiur f ' na is; i atr. ilnntb. mxh Nail iBntBlirB: Jlorkrtbooks. (£arii-rasrs 1 ' aoilrt Prrparatiflus of all iKinJisJffJffJg ' Please grant us the opportunit)- to serve you in any capacity as druggists IT We assure you that we will give all of your wants and wishes our personal attention and will do everything within our power to make your trading with us entirely agreeable and pleasant to you K We hope that you will feel at home in our store at any time and we will be pleased to give you any in- formation desired upon any subject with which we are conversant IT We hope you will take this as a personal request from us and make our store your headquarters as often as convenient to you 3FartH0 irug Btavt K umkcr 1 2 1 S O U T H EL M STREET OPPOSITE THE HOTEL G V I L F R D The Greensboro National Bank Greensboro, North Carolina Capital, Surplus Profits, $100,000 $23,000 Nkil Elli. (;t( V. S. Hill, A. H. Alderm.j V. J. Akmfiell V. S. Hill L. McClLLOCH DIRECTORS Neil Ellington President ' ice-President Cashier W. E. Bevill W. H. Ragan J. M. Odell We solicit your business, and promise prompt and careful attention. No amount too small for us to receive on deposit. We buy and sell foreign e,xchange drafts and cable transfers. Safety deposit boxes for rent. Whenever you have business of any kind connected with banking, call on or correspond witli The (.;reensboro National Bank, Greensboro, North Carolina. :;:::;:■.•■: Srg 00is, (Earp tB, and MxiWmx D r t ' s s (t if s a n d T r i ni 11 i 1 " j- cj S p c c i a I t y A Force of Lady Clerks to Meet Yoi ' r E ery Wish. AlfaaQH Spabjj for f ou. STRICTLY UP TO DATE IN MERCHANDISE and BUSINESS METHODS. IF Y O LI CAN ' T C O ME, WRITE ME YOUR W ANTS. (E. % inraptt. 240 g . iElin g ' trrrt. (SrrruBboro. N. CE- Harry -Be Ik Bros. Co. from l|?aJi to iFnnt and up to date. Fine Dress Goods, Silks, Dress Trimmings, Gloves, Corsets, Ribbons. Shoes — all styles, of all kinds of leathers, to fit all kinds of feet. Trunks, Clothing and Gents ' Furnishings. Table Linens, etc. Our policy is to make a friend of every customer. (Joods and prices guaranteed. Try u s. The Normal Students and their friends are invited to make our store their headquarters while in town. Harry- Be Ik Bros. Company Cheapest Store on Earth. GREENSBORO, N. C. ALDERMAN, High-Class Photograph Art-Graviires ( in Sepia and Carbon black " ), Platinotypes, is ' all the neiv photographic beau- ties are to he seen in our Studio SECURITY LIFE and ANNUITY CO, Home Office : GREENSBORO, IV C OFFICERS : J. VAN LINDLEY, President E. COLVVELL, Jr., General Manager P. H. HANES, Vice-President CHAS. L. VAN NOPPEN, Supt. LEE H. BATTLE, Treasurer KINC, KIMBALL, Lesjal Counsel G. A. GRIMSLEV, Secretary Uk. J. T. I. BATTLE, Med. Di Dr. E. R. ftllCHAUX, Assistant .Med. Directc.r. J. ' a Lindi.ey p. H. Hanes LiiE H. Battle Chas. L. Van Noppen DIRECTORS : W. S. Thompson W. A. Blair B. N. Duke John W. Fries E. CdLWELL, Jr. J. W. Scott p. D. Gold, Jr. J. V. Hanes lias to-dav in force over WHEN IN GREENSBORO ottl Clegg ISITK SOUTHERN DEPO ' Newly Furnished Throughout Cafe Open All Night - I L I. I A M F . C L F. G G , P , ( r nsbara iElprtrtr (Eo FURNISHES ELECTRIC CURRENT FOR ARC OR INCANDES- CENT LIGHTS IN ANY PART OF THE CITY. MOTOR SERVICE FOR MANUFACTURING PLANTS L I-: ' A T O R S Opcraies Electric Street Railway Svstc Special Tickets at Reduced Rates to and Stl ' DExts of St.a Normal and Industrial College. ;:;::;:;:•.:;:: ; : ; A . H . JONES, Sup II t e n d c II t HOTEL GUILFORD, GREENSBORO, N. C. For Imne Stationerv FOR NICK PICTURES, FOR POCKETHOOKS. FOR PRETTY GIFT BOOKS OR COPYRIGHT FICTION, FOR FOUNTAIN PENS, FOR PICTURE FRAMES, OR ANYTHINC; KEPT IN A BOOK AND STATIONERY STORE, GO TO Mrs. Nannie C. Weatherly can FURNISH ALL YOU WANT IN UP-TO- DATE Millinery, Neckwear, Gloves, Etc., at reasonable prices. Your patronage will be appreciated, ; U A R A N T E E D . " P Urs. Nanutp (E. Bfatlirrhi 109 East Market Street GREENSIiOKIl, N. C. TM§ bQ§H mmt n§t%§ t§k§n fmm the bmi4m§

Suggestions in the University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC) collection:

University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC) online yearbook collection, 1909 Edition, Page 1


University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC) online yearbook collection, 1910 Edition, Page 1


University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC) online yearbook collection, 1911 Edition, Page 1


University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC) online yearbook collection, 1913 Edition, Page 1


University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC) online yearbook collection, 1915 Edition, Page 1


University of North Carolina Greensboro - Pine Needles Yearbook (Greensboro, NC) online yearbook collection, 1917 Edition, Page 1


1985 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals 1970 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals 1972 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals 1965 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals 1983 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals 1983 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals
Are you trying to find old school friends, old classmates, fellow servicemen or shipmates? Do you want to see past girlfriends or boyfriends? Relive homecoming, prom, graduation, and other moments on campus captured in yearbook pictures. Revisit your fraternity or sorority and see familiar places. See members of old school clubs and relive old times. Start your search today! Looking for old family members and relatives? Do you want to find pictures of parents or grandparents when they were in school? Want to find out what hairstyle was popular in the 1920s? has a wealth of genealogy information spanning over a century for many schools with full text search. Use our online Genealogy Resource to uncover history quickly! Are you planning a reunion and need assistance? can help you with scanning and providing access to yearbook images for promotional materials and activities. We can provide you with an electronic version of your yearbook that can assist you with reunion planning. will also publish the yearbook images online for people to share and enjoy.