University of Nanking - Linguist Yearbook (Nanking, China)

 - Class of 1924

Page 1 of 173


University of Nanking - Linguist Yearbook (Nanking, China) online yearbook collection, 1924 Edition, Cover

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Text from Pages 1 - 173 of the 1924 volume:

X 1 W, 'Q' Y Wm, QQ mf, Mi ind on C 42 3' 1 QQ E f"f'fQZz"9?f5?'2fE' -'WZ 'Y' IW 'f 'V Qffvflfq Q' 'N f If Q f'f If X Q 0 ,,f?!0?6Q5 , r 4 k CQQVWV, ,, t Standard Key - card A --'no shgftmg for figures! 1 If Remmgton speed and CmCl8I1 y . A are to be malntalned we must keep the Standard Keyboard Thls was the de clsxon of the Remmgton englneers when they deslgned the s A B' ,m on table f and the result is this wonderfully compacted, mdlvidual wrmng machlne whlch has the same number of pnntmg p keys, same SIZC, and same arrangement, .D as the standard machlne Wllh whlch you are famllxar and It IS the most compact 'V of all wntm machlnes Fits ln a case y '- H.-1. 5 only our mc es hugh. . ,sfax " P-'S' 'NN' 1 Musnxmm of cormpnmv, mc. . U' Established 1870 . ., gcmporary address, 4 ?afing Quad, Sfangfai. :- :UQ ey. . fv- ' x - .4 Fxcluslvc Representative China Hongkong Macao , 9 e ' ' ' ' . Branches. Hongkong. Canton, Haukow, Tleutsin. Mukden, Harbin ' 'I :-:x A ' :wig- 'B f lZ"'5'4 """ W lm. , 4. -fff firm- "' .,r . Q , Q., n H 'H- .U- 1 ' -1 'W yi: ,I vi, X , 555' XX' . N 'A' Q'rb'- J I ' 0 M e a f 0 .. , , A f '- , - ,Nw g, ' .I , .Q ,.., wg. I' L '- ,u , 1.1 E! ,, 1 e. , . - ,Q " Fo mb , f ,Ln "vi N e A,,, ,V ,,, ,E 1- Q, , , . X . , . , - - ,. ,, ' 4. N ' f , ' -ig, ,- ,J w in 'Tux MM I f V 7 ' fu "H -2- - FQ '-w':- N' .'- ww wmw. QQ! e P 0 N' -'-1 . iw 6 lf, 2' f- ' 4. - ' , eshiff' We - ' ' , Q ' - , I' '. 'w' 15: '.-' . Qji'-if 1- x . . w H - , 7:4 we f f 4 H 5 Q .wal 9, Q , L-.1 - ll f wwf ' mu' - " ' '- 2 f l, .. ' A ' . avi , 'EZ' ' A - ': 'fel 1 ' l :Qiiffw -.xv-wx I H - . he X " , ' WSQXXA4 - W - ' Tw: ,x - y,:v.'xW r I . ,IQME . , M is . :wi Y gpigj ' - H . . 1. -qw . f WY! ' ' ' x t Y:?:"xf? L Qylff? - wi ' ." - , . 1 2-ff - s ' ' QEQIQ: S 1 . q gsqw .X 5 T ' 'gf f : fir 1 W' MAN no pw il "Yo-I . ' x ! k MK' civj, x , kw- CML , -1 its I i I 0 0 A X . wi ll 'W N ' ' ' .H 11:11 . ws , 'ilu ' f we 1 . o GN Ti . . . . X f . gl . . ' x ,c - fii- '.f?s.e . f rrz. ,--M: ' .1 -, , -'I "P-1P:"-f fr i ,f 'fu cmi w we : eff X f 'vw 2 H: .. . .,. -. A I A 4:53 2:3-i.:?'v3-,:: ,:. ,., ES,-itm-pi?i,E:E-M-: ,kmmzlrggflzzux Vial Z-.E, ,453 -el, 'kh .N" ,..... '..-', J . ,. 4, A . '1'..-A..- .,-,.,, .t,J V., f e Npiis. 3772 CFXRL ZEISS YVIICROSCOPES and All Microscope Accessories, Darkground Illuminations, Photo- micrographic-Apparatus, Projection-Apparatus, Episcopes and Epidiascopes, Ultra-Microscopes, Haemacy-tometers, Ophthal- moscopic and Endoscopic Instruments. "The name ZEISS on an Instrument is the hallmark of highest optical and -mf mechanical perfection." -lg ' p ff? ig H fi I I 7,44 IM 5 ' -- " ' " liifg P5 I W , II gi? . X W N ig U1 EE A I f 555 M E1 QQET6' ' 41 fe In is . m m i We keep the largest -,,, I stock in China. m'55'm Catalogues of any Zeiss Instrument Stand V B A AGENTS for CHINA : may be had free on application through the CARLOWITZ 6: CO., SHANGHAI Branch OECQ3 gn: 18 Kiangse Road Peking- Tientsin:M ukden: Tsinanfu-Canton: Hankowdtlongkong- T-f1i.VU1U1fU REGISTERED TRADE MARK I I The Natural The Only Milk Food Substitute Simply for Add Boiled Motl1er's Water Milk N I ' SOLD BY EVERY DISFENSARY AND STOREKEEPER Builds Bones fu ' and Muscles l A Add ww, D:' , ,,,- Complete Water and Food After Boil f0I' ' Weaning One Minute ,MFG QD, Q--'wrswrxs .2215 Ilestlt 8 flnglo-Swiss Condensed milk Co SHANGHAI AND TIENTSIN -til, HHWlIlllHl4l4lllHINDIlIllHHIlIIlilIPIiHWlll4WH1111111HHHHhilWWIHUlHllliHlilHlHHWHHHHHllllliiiiilbliiiHHHilIlIIIllIlll!!IIIIIIIHINIIVIIINIIVlllllllI1Nl4441111W4IIHH1Ill!4IHIIlllll H1I E --Q E THE ' Q-"-'- 2 2 2 LINGUIST eg :Q Q Qi- Q Q' Qi Q 'Q Q Q Q Q Q ' OF THE Q Q NAN CINP, CHINA, LANGUAGF ec oo Q Q+ .QQ Q- Q Q- E Qi Q Q Q Q Q1 ll Q Q Q Q , Q Q Q Q A -Q Q ., . Q Q - Q- Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q ' Q Q Q- Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q . QQ Q Q Q' Q Q" '.. KQ. -Q Q Qi Q Q . Q Q . Q- Q Q Q Q- i Q . Q Q Q QT- Q Q-Q Q Q Q b Q- L I , J -Q Q 1 2 . Q i As a record of our student activities and to tell somethmg about Q S Q the life amd needS of the Chinese PGOPIC- HIIIIIWHHIHHIUHHHHIHHWHIHNWIVIIHWINWW!!!IlHI!WIIIHIHI lHHHHHHHHIHHIVYHIHHHH!!HUMlllIJMlIl4huIWWIeIll1lIINNIWWIIYIPIIIliIWH!!li1IlIWWI!IlllUUH GNTHCEHQUS s Page Foreword . . 5 Dedication . 6 China's New Year 9 Chinese Music... 13 Child Life in China 17 Odors .. 23 Side Lights on the Chinese... 29 Mission to Buddhists 33 East and West 35 That Reminds Me 40 On Roads .. 41 The Coolie 45 College Girls English Essays: . 47 Physical Education 51 Religious Education 55 A River Melody 57 Purple Mountain 58 Country People 59 Dentistry ... . ... 65 Tai Shan Cpoemj . 68 Chinese Silk 69 To the City of Nanking lpoeml 71 Education ' 73 'lhe Year .. 77 ADay atSchool 99 "'1'he Hu-Tzi-Hwei' fThe Mustache Clubg . 100 Our Work Out of School 101 The New .Dean .. 103 The University of Nanking . 101 Language School Calendar 106 What Shall I Bring 107 What Shall 1 Read 110 A Last Vvord 112 Index to Advertisers Directory of all Students Map of Shanghai The pictures on pages 28 114,115 .. 1l6fl' and 44 are from Mission Photo Bureau Photos jfN1RlE'Cl.UlMRED Once, when the world was younger by 2,000 years than it now is, there lived an emperor in old Nanking, At night he lay inehambers hllng with tapestries patterned in gold. All day his courtiers kowtowed before him until it was time to bring in again the lanterns filled with moonfire. Daylight or moonshine, he felt the hovering presage of a great event. He was uneasy on the Peacock Throne. Astrologers could not tell him what portended, hut they thought they knew how to steady his threatened power. They dug a pit high on Purple Mountain and buried there tons of goldg for, they argued, it is precious enough to appease the gods, and weighty enough to hold steady that highest of all peaks, second only to the throne. We, the editors, look often at Purple Mountain, thinking of the Secrets that it holds. Perhaps on our hikes we have blindly tramped over the cavern where the treasure lies. Perhaps we are also blind fo treasure in the hearts of these people whose ways are strange to us. How could it be Otherwise. We have too newly come to lose yet the tourist look of Slafillg interest in all curious things. This perspective we have tried to sive you, exciting and vivid as it seems to us now, but, knowing eu,- blindncss, we have tempered it with the wisdom of those n l1o have ceased looking at the landscape in order to search for the gold. Whatever gold of character is found, they seek to convert into a foundation for that PFOSEI-ged event, the coming of the Kingdom of Christ, which His Imperial Majesty so wrongly interpreted as an attempt upon his throne. T0 set China before you in some way, pictorial, impressionistic or deliberative, has been one aim in publishing the Linguist this year, Another aim is typified by the Drumtower under whose shadow we live. There when thc kings of Ming warred with neighbors in the troublous days of the establishment of the kingdom, the great dfllm was beaten. Its vibration increased until men many miles away could hear. The sound Seemed to eemc from the ends of the earth, nearer and nearer, until it thfobhed agi'iUSl5 mens hearts, and bade them Tillie UP their whole armor to go and fight for the King, ggllblmnugmgalmnsmnumnll5116-a1Mwl1EiM5wn1QiWQLEM? E E E 5 E E i ll. ,-:J h E E 5 E 5 E5 TO 7 E g MISS MAUDE L. LEYDA E f W 5 ffllffof 1 d Good Friend EE THE STUDENT BODY R 3 E 5 Q Q E Q E Q E Q Q Q-,Q 5' Q1 J 1-HgllbmlwmmmlhlfmulawuwuwnlmnwLQ-2mnnLs1unIgwwH1Qwnl5m5WQ-inu1m-.5U1l5mfQf w 3111''I"""1'WImIn11111111fmnunmnuuuwl1runmumnnumnnl-nnfgg? ' I liiillilvlulililllllllilllllilll l1l!IlIlI1llHlIl!IQlI""' ""' "wg WWLIII 1 -e 1. ' 4 . 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'sri V 5 " E -V HI I I 1 24 2, E ' f i" " 5l'r.1: "'--'ffex 'S "7 is A' 1 W T ::4wf,5i:,,g! , E 5'-Qiiiiiff If 2' ., -.FQLQ I -li-fl-f'f 2 " E-f f: 'fmkff-"W 5S.lQ3 I.:sg?'fL.,.-.ifffx i -rw 'v 'Q 1 -A 42.21 I "N 5 MF I TXEI' .V "uf-TJ-AF' 2 5 5 um' Nlf 1 I N ' I 1 I f ,' IIHUXM . N 4 i Ql'UNA'Sf2g M NE Y RX 5 'G A S J 9 M FA ES - iliiilrl "7 T xg VERY nation has its own customs. These may be interesting to for- f 0lgI'lCl'S and may mean nothing to the natives, who merely take them or . . . granted. The following are a few Chinese customs at New Year tnne. During the first part of the twelfth month all the Chinese families inust choose a bright morning to dust the house. It is called Tan ch'cn. This is done only at the end of the year. It indicates that the new year IS coming when the old is swept away to make room for the new. Tn the kitchen of every Chinese household. beside the oven chimney, there is a hole in which the picture of the kitchen god is placed. This kitchen god is the master of the house. He has thc power to observe and f0P0rt the good and bad deeds of the members of the family. On the evening of the twenty-third or twenty-fourth day of the twelfth month he IS Ccrcmoniously sent to heaven to make his report. A pair of candles is lighted before him, and pieces of candy are offered to him. Thus they 110190 to influence him to report only the good deeds. On each side of the picture of the kitchen grid is a sentence writt-en on a narrow strip of red Paper, pasted vertically. The words sound like these: Slum lien clzeo Ima 830, 701161 gimf bao pin, ang. Over the picture there is pasted a piece of Squaw Fed paper on which one word is written, FOOIL, which means blessing- The kitchen god comes back on t-he last day of the year. He is W0lCOIn0d. The family offers him rice and rice-ballS. It is said that by this act the family is blessed Tll0 twenfy-fifth of the twelfth month is the day on which U10 Of-her g0ilS 001110 down from heaven to inspect the PCUPIU- Everyone, old or l 9 J I0 lCHINA'S New YEAR young. guards his speech lest he use unkind words. for the gods will punish his fault by sending distress and poverty. The interesting name for the last day of the twelfth month is San .sliih zvon .slum On this day business men are especially busy, checking their accounts, and collecting or paying debts. The streets are lighted I . vw-f. 1 ..'.-, , .. -r ia 1 x .41 v- ' ' ", .aa than 1. Y l'h0In by .1Msslon Photo Ilrlrcull linntern l'iu'ade at New X our all night. The clerks of shops. carrying lanterns, go from place to place soliciting payment. Even at dayhrealc their lights burn, for if the lantern is put out they must say Kon. shi, lcon. shi, which means Happy New Year. After this greeting no word of paying debts may be spoken. Scm slvih won .chan is a happy night, for the people eat a dinner which is far richer than the dinners of other days. Many people watch the night through, for they fear that an evil dream may prove an ill Omen. A day or two before San Shih won Shan people decorate their doors with pieces of red paper on which verses or inaxims are written in large characters. These words indicate the wishes of the householder: they are not words of superstition. Over the gateways hang five or three pieces of red paper in which words and figures are eut. On the back door pictures of the door THE LINGUIST 11 gods are pasted in order to keep out evil spirits who might enter when the gate is ajar. On the door posts of newly married couples another sort of P10ture is pasted. It invites a healthy baby to enter there on the back of the CIFIT lin, a sacred animal. For the same purpose people Sometimes hang twigs of cedar on the bed posts. The little Chinese children eagerly wait- for the new year You will be interested in hearing them say Go nice, go nien lo, Money is given them by their parents to put under their pillow. It means that each child has added one year to his age. Not only the children and grown people arc made IWPPY, but also the spirits of their ancestors. The s a l101'traits of their ancestors are hung in the parlor, and P109 and vegetables are given them to eat. If on the eighteenth day when the riee is l'GlllOV6Cl any water is left in the bowl, Hoods are expected in the district. If ,.- ,,,, h m,,m,,,,m, 110 water is left, there will be a drought during the year. On the first two days of the new year most men stay at home. On the third day they may go to their friends and relatives to say Kon .sl1,'i, lcon shi as you say "Happy New Year." Everyone, man or woman, glrl or boy, wears handsome clothes and shoes. Money is given to the children by all visitors. It is called Ta ho ts'-ian. Callers are welcomed, and the best fruits and tea are served. The servants also receive money f1'0Il1 the visitors. It is called lcon shi ts'1ien. In north China the custom 13 Somewhat different. Instead of personally going to U10 11011105 of their friends and relatives. they send a cart with nothing in it but a pair of shoes or boots, placed in the front of the cart. 'l'he driver leaves the card of his employer at each door he visits. At midnight of the fourth day the family worships the money god, in the hope that he will send them much money. It is Said that he will leave all the money he carries with him at the first house in which he is WCl00ll10Cl- This is the reason why some people stay awake- until midnight of the fourth day, It is also said f,ha,t he will take all the money from the other houses to the last house in W1 some people offer him candles on the morning of the mth day- lieh he is welcomed. Thereore 12 CH1NA'S NEW YEAR The business men of China have eustoms different from those of the Europeans and Amerieans. O11 the fifth day of the mouth all clerks are invited to dine with their employers. The clerk who is going to be discharged is quietly given a cup of tea. In certain trades, if the manager is to be discharged, the fish is put on the table with the hr-ad pointing toward him. No word is spoken. l'llvlo IAN .lllsxiuu Vlmln lfIlil'I71lH ln the Lund of Lanterns Of all the festivities. perhaps the buying of lanterns is most enjoyed. The eighth, the thirteenth, the fifteenth and the eighteenth are set aside for their display. The lanterns are made of paper in the shape of horses, rabbits or fish. A street full of them is a gay sight indeed. After the fifteenth. work is resumed. An old Chinese saying is, "After New Year, no man playsfl V lVritlvn. jbr 'l'nlc LING u1s'r by WANG YAo-T'1N1:, .-Al.9s1'sllII1l 1i1f'!lfl Tmclz er. THE Music , Q v OLD I, , - CATHAY iqffw g ,.,.... O one who has recently come to China, Chinese music may mean the doleful wail of the bamboo flute, or perhaps the strange and frequent rendering of " Hot Time in Our Old Town To-night " by the band of some lJ04SSing funeral procession. As such, Chinese music fails to charm. But with music, as with much in China, our failure to appreciate is due to our own ignorance. A glance into the history and meaning of Chinese music discloses a fascinating field of studv We soon see that we of the West are indebted to this ancient people f01' 11111011 that iS essential to OUP own modern music. Legend gives us the story of the Emperor Hwang-ti who is said to have invented music. This emperor of long ago was pleased by the notes Of the Phoenix: so he commanded his minister to have Some bamboo reeds Clit which would produce an imitation of the twelve tones of the bird. The Six strong clear notes of the male are echoed by the answering n0t0S Of his matc. These twelve notes give US tho Cqulvfl-lem Of Ollr Chromatic scale. , Although this is but n legend, it is interesting to know mat it 0011108 '1Own to us from B. C. 2,600 fthe time of N0-will and is looked UPON with favor in Chinese histories of music. Much that we know of Chinese music in its begillllillgf lllllSt be learned from the traditions of the people. However, W0 do have some VCU' accurate and definite facts which must he accepted US hiswfy- FOP much Of this information we are indebted to a little boflli- Cllifmfe M'lLS'fC, Written SOYYIG YCZWS f1g0 by Mrs. Timothy Richards. MVS RiChfLI'flS has given us fl3l I 4 CHINESE MUSIC the result of many years spent in the accumulation of material taken directly from Chinese books on music, and also interesting illustrations of the music of thc people. Music with the Chinese has had a real mission from its earliest history. As in most countries, music in China was primarily used in the worship of the gods. According to the legend of the twelve tones of the Phwnix, the first two notes were used in the worship of the spirits of the sky, the second two in the worship of the earth. the third i11 the worship of Wifi ' 1 ' 1 n l , l Pliulo l1y.lI'ission Photo llurcan M usiclnns of Old Catlmy the points of the compass, the fourth in worshipping the spirits of- the mountains and rivers, the fifth in worshipping the spirits of female ancestors, and the siXfh in worshipping the spirits of male ancestors. Music from the earliest time has been considered indispensable in the worship of Heaven and lC21l'lh. at funerals, at weddings, and at state funetions of all kinds. Before the time of Confucius QB. U, 5001 music was one of the six arts. Confucius is known to have accompanied himself while singing. THE LINGUIST 15 All ancient book on education states that thirteen is the proper age for a boy to begin the study of music. All definite knowledge of ancient musical history and all the ancient Chinese music were lost in B. C. 200 when all Chinese books were destroyed by the edict of the Emperor. Even now old scholars feel that music is a lost UPU. though during the centuries since the great destruction a new system Of music has developed that is worthy of the best Chinese traditions. The five tones that we think of as Do, CRP, Mi, Sol, La, form the present scale of music. These five notes carry with them a wealth of mefmillg to the Chinese musician, as the following quotation from a Chinese book on music, translated by Mrs. Richards, will show. "DO is earthg its symbol a Prince, its nature faithfulness, its taste Tglletlg lg color yellow, its business is with thought, position central, its n Q , its sound heavy but easy, like a cow lowing at drinking water, lt IS feunded on union. H RB is mineralg its symbol a minister, its nature righteousness, its c0l0l' white, its business is with speech, its position is westerly, its taste lmlltlellt. its length 72, its sound clear and quick, like a sheep , lavmg lost its companiong it is founded on expansion. ill' , uM'l is V05-fetahlei its symbol a subject, its nature love. Its taste sour, its color green, its business is with appear- ill duces- UTS position is eastern, its length 64, its sound is Mig, defensive and careful like a pheasant lighting on a branch. It ls founded on courage. "Sol is fire, its symbol affairs, its nature worship, its Faste bitter, its color Vermilion, its business is with seeing, its position is southern. its length 54, its sound is overflowing and quick, like a pig Sorefl-millgg it is founded on independence. ' . "Lal is watery its symbol things, its nature knowledge, its taste salt, its Color black, its business is with hearing. UFS Posltlon IS 1l0l'llh0I'l1, i'0S length 48, its sound is scattered and hollow, like a horse nelglllllg in the deserts it is founded on putting forth." Again we read, " Listening to Do one feels comfortable and broadg to RH one feels upright and fond of righteousness: to Mi one feels pity and l0ve: to Sol one feels fond of doing good: to La one feels Correct and fond of religionf' 16 CHINESE MUSIC It is interesting to note the great difference between Chinese music and the music of the West. The five notes of the Chinese scale sound to thc car of a foreigner monotonous and weird. We delight in extremes The Chinese musician is a true son of Confucius in his loyalty to thc Golden Mean. We demand harmony, To the Chinese harmony means a combination of instruments, never a combination of several tones on one instrument. A church organist in China finds it wise to play only the air of the hymn to be sung, for the congregation becomes hopelessly confused, not knowing whether the bass. tenor, alto, or soprano is the " tune" to be sung. ' The following is a typical popular air in China. Mrs. Richards suggests that this air, known as Ba Bam is sung by more people than any other one tune in the world. ., Chinese harmony, as has been said, is produced by a combination of instruments that are typically Chinese. All eight varieties may be heard among musicians to-day. In the time of the earliest music we find that stone instruments and jade flutes were used in state ceremonies. The musical stones, made like a carpenters square and suspended in two rows of sixes, are used in the temple services. Bells cymbals and gongs belong to a group of metal instruments used on many and varied occasions. The silk stringed instruments include the ever-present fiddle, the moon guitar, and the highly esteemed Chin, which is made by stretching seven silk strings over a curved board. This instrument is played only by the educated class and is reserved for state occasions. fOoncluded on page 1223 1 i CHILD LIFE 'HW' HINAV e"" .......-A NANKING CHILDREN--Some Pictures. AO-HSIANG and Mao-teo-r are strangely ignorant- of the geography of China and strangely wise about their ow11 little rented lialf-acre, Ev . , V. HA H fir.-ISlU.,tI Cry four weeks-six weeks in Xilllill-iIl1llC .1 new crop o 1 L 111 1 10 e , , . 0111111011 xegctuble green, grows under their hands. At all tnnes of day tl - - . 'C U10 small brothers llli1V be seen at work-setting out Dlants, hoeing, eq' . - V " . . . ' nylllg V2'Lf01' from Stug11a11tpo11ds and spraying, cutting, unclbu11dl111gthe greclli or sta1rt1i11g oil to lll21l'li0t witl1 two baskets full across their shoulders. r y , U1011' futher is l'llCllll1EltlC and nsthinuticg their mother, of whom tl1e boys Ntlll Speak reverently und te11derly, d1ed flll'0C years ago. B130-llSiZll1g and 'Ia0'f0O-r are luds under fourteen, hut they f21l'1l1, cook, CHFI1 H10 eighteen douflls 21111111111 rent, and keep the family of three alive and happy. They have 11ot heen beyond Hsizt-kwun since they can l'ClllCllllJCl', they do not knflw i11 what direction Sllilllgllill is or 1'Cliillg 01' Clulffnl- AH1eI'icz1 is ll , Somewhere far off," But 13110 Qfgoks and turns of N:111k1ng streets and the 17121005 where their greens sell hesb HPC 017011 Scogmllily to tl1c111. YY lhey lmve never looked inside un aritlnnetie hook, 'Wt fhcy HPC Cxglerts III mental z1ritl1n1ctie und Chinese currency. H1111 HPC 1'H1'0ly cheated i11 m0l10y t1l'2'lllS2LUtlOllS. 1 The futher was o1-igilmllv from Hllllilll province, of Solid and respectable fll1'lllCI' class and can read qlliffl well, HS the well- tllUl11lJOCl old Chinese novels in his hut bc-ap witness. His futlierly ?tll1lJltlOll WHS stirred recently when his boys WC,-0 given u set of the Popular 1177 18 CHILD LIFE IN CHINA Education textbooks, and under his private tutorship, they have mastered three readers in three months. Inside the simple thatched hut with its single room are numerous interesting objects,-the boys' old cradle, two bundles of lo-elrai-the tall dry reed used for fuel-a red pepper and an ear of red corn hanging on the mud wall, a bundle of dried leaves the color of tobacco supposed to be eflieaeious in killing bugs on the plants, matting GDB, v,,- 5 L I'l:oln hy .llisslou Pholo UIIVCIIII for repairing roof or wall, a little locked box of treasured pictures and trinkets, a varied assortment of mattocks, hoes, rakes and buckets. The little fellows are delightfully friendly and unusually honest. Their rough cheeks wrinkle and their eyes are full of 1llC1'l'lll1CDl2 as they look straight into yours. I ani tempted to give them many things because- strange again-they never ask for anything. They seem stolidly happy, they join now and then in games with neighboring boys, and the picture books which they are beginning to read open up a new world. Last Christmas a friend took them a basket of surprises and they listened with wide-open eyes and rapt attention to tl1e Christmas story. But what a narrow world they live in after all! Nevertheless, like the singing diabolo THE LINGUIST 19 llla0"090-1' at New Year time sends high into the air and catches again on hlS string, their minds and spirits break away now and then from the Tronotony of existence in search of higher and fuller life. Some day, all 10 boys and girls of China will have a chance to find such a life. - " Have a ride Z " I called from my bicycle to a bright little chap i1lJOut eleven years old on his way home from school. " Haoj' he shouted, Dlllled his blue gown up about his waist, and sat in front of me on my :heel " Where do you study? " " Fourth Normal Primary." And then hilfifjld me about his basketball team, his playmates, the school store and U X, it Chinese water-color painting he was working on,and his studies. hire all your books here?" and I pointed to the sehoolbook-basket lgmg On the bicycle-handle. " No? We use a libraryg we are studying m1dCl' the Dalton plan." Shades of Confucius! I promised to visit his School and class, and put him off near his fathcr's paper store. "Thank you Very much," he yelled in clear English. A week later, I saw Mi'lQ'Shao again in his school environment. Bright maps, diagrams, and Pictures on the wallsg well-illustrated and interesting text-booksg the school buildings divided into sections and named after continents and 00llntriesg an alert and progressive corps of teachers, ready to try new me'0ll0dSg a gymnasium and out-door swimming pond for June and SePtemberg boys and girls, clean, wide-awake, active. Moral education s through moral maxims and the teaching of citizenship. nlth careful training in manners. It is one of the best of the modern public schools in T '. . ' haulting and a promise of what "Schools of Tomorrow " and " Ming-shaos " of fOmorrow in China will be. Siao-tin-tz's head is at mass of sores and his eyelids are red and pulied from fPH0l10I11a. The cotton sticks out of his wadded trousers in a dozen SP0l2S and his face and hands are cold. But then what cares he? He has two coppers, gt Nexs, Year present from his grandfather to spend with the Cilfldy-peddler. lVatch his excitement as he whirls the candy-roulette wheel. Will it stop at the candy cow or the candy idol Z And then hasnt he a wonderful red and blue paper rabbit, which can be lit inside like 3 20 CHILD LIFE IN CHINA Jack-0'-lantern? His father gave this to him yesterday when he visited the New Year fair at Fu-tzi-niiao. Chin-fu's hands fmt gs are stained deep blue. I job as apprentice , . in a weaver shop is to fi -' spin and wind the 'L 'F-5 heavy cotton thread, and prepare it for the looms. He hums a street tune while the shuttles about him click, and longs to get out with the boys who are tiying kites. Last week he slipped out while it was still light A Smeg Cmuly Stand to throw and roll cash with at neighborhood gang. His employer found him and beat him angrily over the head with a stick. I saw him in the twilight dusk, squatting in front of the shop and eating a bowl of brown rice with a pinch of greens on top. He tried to smile at me as I passed, but his eyes were still teary,--and very wistful. ' They threw their arms around each other, ducked their heads and giggled into their hands when I called them "Siao-mei-mei" tlit-tle sisterl. Two wee sisters going to school, dressed in flowered cotton coat and trousers, pink socks, pink shoes, and knitted caps. Black hair in one long plait with red string at the end. They are going to Mingteh Christian Primary School, where their record in reading and writing characters, in singing and in gymnastics, is making the father, who owns a. jewelry store near Shwei-si Men, very proud of his daughters. THE LINGUIST 21 KHNX I'lmln by .ll'i-wiml P11010 IFIIVPVIFI Chi lin was lonninyf against ai hrick wall and f'1'D'm5ff b'it0l'l3'9 tim H0011 Of icnrs nnulo il n1zu'krlown his dirty fncc. The innrlllllg had 11031111 bU'fHY When his kitu.tlii'm-:ul hrnkc and his 1li1.'0C-OOPPCI' MOON kite hmdcd im il ' 1 . 1 . ' - . - , 7 . distant roof. Thon ho had sfzirtvd out to Sc-ll zilnmn-us fl0l1l Ina f-lihc r h i - . -- . --fn - , f SQ00nfl-hanirl lmulcstorv. thi' ziliiniiizics in-ing nan .infl not QU J rl hnnfl AL hlfif husnniss wzw good. thc-n hr- lost n iwcn15 Um WMC 1 Hmmm cligcoumgvdy and as night mme Un, fl.iglm.HCd. If hg- slnyi-fl on, thi. police might qui-stiim him? if 1,0 , llmm-5 his fa1hi-1- xwiilcl nn doubt heat. . . ' x , . ' . X. ' .1 hnn fl'I2htfull5'- A Sil'2lllg0l'5lHliiC'i'tlillll11lllIili!LXi uni hu mhlnng SLOW, l'1'0!liisvfl in iiitvivvrlv with ihc fntlior :incl lvli him himw' In the Shop V .- V, - - ' 'ho inin-r'1'u ' f - ihoy found :L IXCVVOIIS lnnthoi- and nn 2111310115 f.11he1 w ptcl tho Nilzingor, "Pub zuo-when. W 1- ihonght hc llillai hc llljlllffi 0 out Alliiml, You . . . thank yon." UI, 11,0 Simiticcock goes, tm, iimps, fifty, rang hn1nh'4id. liuh-Wen is making a struct roc'oi'fl. Now hc- kicks it with thv right slmio, now with 22 CHILD LIFE IN CHINA the left side of his foot, then with one foot behind the other. He catches it on his toe, flips it up again and lands it on his upturned forehead. Wei-ping challenges him to a contest and loses. Just then the little victor notices me watching him, puckers up his mouth, struts about as if to say, "You can't do this!" The gang joins good naturedly in my laugh and We are all friends. Two cash or a copper, a little bit of cloth, three chicken feathers, a pair of nimble legs and ankles and you have the most universal winter sport of Chinese children, rich and poor. "Precious jewels, precious jewels." Siao-san was leaning back and fairly shouting the hymn at the little Community Sunday School. He loved the songs, thc picture-cards, and the stories. .But the long "sermon" by the superintendent and the prayer were quite tiresome. Two things drew him most strongly to Sunday School, the promise of a fC'oncluded on page 126'j P qv 1'f'0l0 UUJl1SNiunl'I10!r1 Ilurcfm -L.. J' Us ,gi We i iq' QUARTEPUMILE 7 , OF esta Ami , in 1 jj N , ODORS 4 ff- - .af ST T lggfmfllill-up in the Middle liingdoin when I determined to s-ee .thc all Wag 3-fglc, wearisome awakening of a Chinese street. fat the beginning, forbidhu 1 e ess still. On one side was a row of stone residences, gray and mg. Across the cobbled road and behind clustered straw huts was Zezlrggp depressrion in which reposed an irregular pond twice as large as 3, I court. fhe fog hanging like a pall over the water seemed heavy mth Smells, each of which betokened one of the functions of this com- munity eenter. It would have taken no argument to convince any one 8'f'0uSt0l11ecl to the hygienic conditions of America that this natural iiiixpoirlserved as a drainage not only for the shops 'jammed together a. had rl art ier down the street-, but also for the surrounding homes, Tim ah. thosg uusty tinge as of dead grass that suggested the home economies of clothew onicn who daily congregatcd by the waters edge to pound their heav S On the stones and to souse baskets of rice and vegetables in the .Y green water. Luxuriant gardens, S0 systeinatically laid out that each plant had its OWII place, and so well cultivated that no weeds were visible, thrived on efwll side of the road for a short distance beyond the homes. But I did Fot need long to 'seek thc reason that vegetables grew so profusely 011 Soil flrnied for milleniums. My nose told mc, All night the garden had been xml!! itself-and the lZCI1l1JCl'ZIllll'C had been around freezing-but still G fertilizer used the day before gave off a nauseating stench. This token of Chinese thriftiness seemed to become more impenetrable as I neared the end of the field. There, working easily and patiently, as though totally 0bliVi0llS of his detestable surroundings, was a cooliv flipping loiighandled 1933 24 ODORS Iadlefuls of ripened liquid out of a sunken stone. jar and pouring it into his pail pre- paratory to watering the garden. Then it was that I realized why it is a custom of all natives who can afford it to perfume the clothes, and why even the foreigners ' have resorted to car- rying a scented hand- kerchief clasped over their noses when they pass gardens in the ' summer time. p Now I had reached thc shops, some of them still walled up by good-omen'-plastered Vifashing Vegetables in the Village VVash Tuh boards placed verti- cally, which through the night had guarded the shop-keepers and their wares against prowlers, dogs, and perhaps stray bandits. At other bazaars, the store-fronts were being removed by active little 'apprentices and stooping old eoolies who soon would pass their period of usefulness. From somewhere I caught a scent suspiciously akin to that of Spear- mint gum, and at the same time I heard a strange swish behind me. I turned and saw a fat money changer industriously plying a tooth-brush with one hand and holding a tube of Colgate's in the other. His appearance seemed to be the signal for all the street to make its toilet, for from doors on both sides came boys and men with wash-basins, bowls of tea or hot water for gargling, and occasionally scented soap and razors. ' A tea-house on the right drew my attention. Although the inside was dim and smoky, I could outline numerous square tables. Instead of chairs, the tables were surrounded by benches like earpenter's saw-horses. ' w-1-7. E - i i 4 J 1 1 v i 3 1 - d THE LINGUIST ' 25 At first I thought the floor was of dirt, but on closer scrutiny I concluded that underneath were boards. The room for the diners was separated from the street only by a massive brick and mo1'tar stove, which made me wonder lf American restauranteurs brought from China. the idea of made-beforcn your-eyes griddle-cakes. Doubtless there is a powerful gastronomic appeal, 7110111 the Chinese point of view, in giving passers-by an olfactory sample of Strong cabbage flavored with garlic, a tantalizing whiff of endless Chinese 'Spaghetti boiled with fat mutton, or of huge cheese-like cakes of drying 1701111-curd. It is just as doubtless that this arrangement does not contribute materially to the number of foreign patrons of the Chinese restaurants. About the time I had come to the conclusion that for a longtime .I Should not be hungry, something in the air rich and poignant reminded 1ne Of doughnuts Mother used to make. My mouth watered as I caught sight of 21 pile of' rich brown crullers, hot from a portable stove at one side of the street. A kindly appearing old woman bent over thc pan of hot fat 118 she watched her long, twisted fried cakes turn golden brown. New ilnd then she looked up and shrilly called out her wares, which l afterward 1Garned she designated as " oil tails." A man sauntering by threw down a 00Dper and picked out a fragrant, fiuiiiy doughnut, and a little child scam- Pered from out ill' door-way withia coin to claim his delicious breakfast 11'0iLt. Instinctiveiy I drew nearer tl1e crisp brown crullers, and my hand b1'gf1I1 searching for a copper. But just then the vapor from the sinnnering grease enveloped my head, and I stopped astounded. T0 be Sure the odor WSIS rich, but it was also rank: and while the "oil tails" were a deep Sfllden color, the oil was thick and black. Quickly lJOW111g to the smiling Old woman, I turned on my way, wondering whether ill that 1101110 might remain dregs of the dust-laden, smoking fat which fried the "oil tailsl' Confucius ate. Before the air had cleared of the Chinese anibresia, 1 walked into a whirling cloud of blinding, burning smoke. It 01111111 110111 0f101'1S to Start 51 fire in a "Hiar Dresing Sloon" so that foreiS11 l11111'1111S 11113111 11011110 uncomfortable. The faggots and weeds that WCPO 111'111t!111111'110f1011111100 ll pungent, annnonia laden smoke that dipped down to the street from the Glbow of stove-pipe protruding over the door. Inside three wizened, benumbed-looking old barbers sat. smoking W1111 111011' CZYOS 501111111011 311115. and two servants were engaged ehiefiy in rubbing their eyes. One held a 111'e'P01i0l' in his left hand, while the other lllGCi1i'llilCfl11.V 51111111011 11101101108 26 ODORS barber-chairs, and the lone, cracked mirror with a feather duster. Wher- ever the dust was disturbed and scattered into the air, a thick layer of soot had taken its place, but still I felt bound to admire the effort at tidincss. This shop was progressive, for although the proprietors appeared dried up and stupefied, had they not bought a stove and thirty-five feet of pipe and several wheel-barrow loads of faggots? Yes, moneyed foreigners who in the winter heated vast empty spaces instead of conserving their own warmth with padded garments were not to be inconvenienced in this shop. I dried the fieshet of tears on my face just as we boys used to do around the wigwam fire when we were Indians waiting for the attacking whites. Walking on, I thought it was because of the associative trend of the subconscious that I was forcibly reminded of a bam filled with domestic animals. Hard by the barber-shop was the forerunner of a Chinese garage. The air reekcd with the smell of hay and of horses, and the evidences of both littered the livery stable floor and overfiowed into the narrow street. Inside the broad doorway were two antiquated coaches, one open and with a movable top like a nineteenth century presidential carriage, and the other majestically encased with glass. Heavily curtaining this one, light brown sackeloth, the symbol of mourning in China as in Palestine, had been hung. About the carriage, three small boys, one of them the boss, plied cloths in an effort to clean the wood and polish the metal so that distant relatives who rode in the funeral procession that day might not be distracted from their mourning by the penetrating odor of the stable. I entered the district of small eating-houses and of stands where customers chose and picked up what they wanted as Americans do in cafeterias. The aroma of brown dressing like Worchester sauce, which to the Chinese makes everything taste good, the steam of broiling white fish, yellow fish and black fish, ocean fish and river fish, sardine-sized and fish, shark's fins and cooked-to-pieces fish, the faint fragrance of anise coming distinctly a dozen times but not once traceable to any source, the unmistakable heat-waves filled with 0l1lO11 and garlic used to cover up the flavor of spoiling sausage-balls, the savor of steaming chicken flavored with celery, the suffocating vapor of volatized grease from a kettle of oil where a pcddler fried crabs whole, the sour reeking odor of a. tiny ill-patronized wine shop, the sweet toastiness of little sesame seed cakes- filled with brown sugar and baked over hot charcoal, and mixing in large THE L1NoU1s'r 27 Proportions with all the other odors, that ancient mustiness pervading eV0l'y nook of the sleeping Oriental Giant, which can be fully appreciated but cannot be described except by the term "Chimes-ey "g all this crowded' for il place in my olfactory consciousness. Hx ,.,- --1 ,. Lkx N--. ig, N A Tea House I wondered what Chinese lirst attempted to catalogue all the diverse Slllells of his land. Evidently seine sort of classification exists, I reasoned, for it would seein the Chinese evince such a desire to learn of any hitherto Unknown odors that they have adopted as the name for newspapers, "new-sinells-paper." A group of laborers, with huge claw-like hoes, were Striving to uncover the drain which lay to 0110 Side like the curb skirting all American street. The drain itself consisted of nothing more or logs than a scooped-out ditch live or six inches deep covered by long Hat stones Placed end to end. Perhaps this gutter was meant to carry drainage to a Canal farther down the street, or it might have been the purpose for it to 310110 toward the pond a quarter lnile back, but from U10 tendency of water to Seek the lowest level it seemed evident to 1110 that it would stand stagnant right where it had been poured into the ditch. When the Qooligs finally pried loose a stone, I concluded that the foul filth and muck eXposeclco11taineda complex of smells with enough potency to arouse coin- lllent on the needs of China in most ally 5'lieu'-Sm0HS'll3llC1'" for a month. fC'onc'luclczZ on page I-301 l QE K vu I ?h1Q r ig' 'Cru .JM ,M fflfi f fi.w4af7f,4 -M -4 157 .uf A 54 Ungflhifn 4 , 1' JF . 55p1U.Zr K ' ,, C289 .. f "' D IDE LIGHTS if, .fl 4'1,.ff' 'ffffaf v, Ag? fn ,lm Q -L1 I Lv 1 SXJZZIVI 'gl 'ln " QQe5gglltg'- CHI ESE wg A 'E J Q M I E I SENDING MONEY T0 THE DEAD BOUT ten 0'elock one evening we were returning to our home outside the city of Chinkiang. Our narrow rocky road lay between low hills covered with graves. The eoflins had been placed on top of the gI'0und, or in a sl1allow trench, and then covered with earth, leaving little mounds, as if the land were infested with gigantic pocket gophers. The sky-line on either side of us was an undulating series of graves where those fallen seemed to crowd each other in death even more than they had in life. We wondered whether we could make our way through the crowd, if all the graves on the hill could suddenly be opened and their occupants resurrected. Perhaps it was because graveyards are supposed to be gruesome that S01nething within us wanted to be afraid g perhaps it was because the little road seemed so uncertain, or because of the cold wind and inlay darkness. Then far up the road we spied a little light, flaring up for a minute and then dying away. We wondered if some beggfll' might be trying to keep Warm over a little blaze of dried weeds, or whether the fire had been Started by Hreverackers exploded at a funeral. App1'0aCl1il1g, we heard a low wailing, as of someone in severe pain. PPGSCIWIY: when tl10 fitful little fire burned more brightly, we saw a crouching form bending over the flame, and partly silhouetted by it. The moans and cries became more distinct, and seemed to take the form of a weird Chant, punctuated by half-choked Sobs. The mourner, who was H .Young Woman Of P0l'h3JpS twenty years, was burning paper money before tllf' SWVG at H10 1'0adSifle. 4 29 9 30 SIDE LIGHTS ON THE CHINESE Our presence seem- ed not to deter her in the least, but as she swayed to and fro she softly continued her chanting and weeping. When- ever one piece of the brown, blot- ting- paper-like mo- ney had nearly burned out, the dying embers lighted another. Evidently the pa- per was made to burn easily, for from 'the merest 'suggestion of heat it caught, and flared up like celluloid. One of our party tried to learn more of the young wo- man's grief. "For ,e , , he whom do you YVorship for the Dead Weep? H She asked kindly. But this patron of the dead gave no heed to curious foreigners, mere passersby who were altogether too inquisitive. "Was your relative buried yesterday, or perhaps today?l' For reply the little black figure mechgmjcgilly lighted her paper, and chanted the low, minor dirge. We began talking among ourselves. We did not mention her igno- rance, but spoke of her sorrow. We forgot her queer custom, and thought of the utter devotion to her inbred rites. We did not scorn nor condemng we could only pity or sympathize. 1'HE LINGUIST 31. Gravss Again one of our number knelt beside her, and this time, brushing away several persistent tears, she responded. Her father had died, over two years agog he was now in need, and she was sending him money. Of 00urse he would get it, for that was the Chinese custom. Perhaps we did H013 think so, but all good Chinese observed this practice. Yes, it would be all right to visit her at her home over in the valley where the family lived. As we passed on, a gust of wind smothered the tiny flame before l10l', and she was left alone with her grief in the cold blackness, so like the engulling sea of heathenism. THE MEANING OF A SCAR I saw the scar m self or I mi rht have been tempted to doubt, his , B Story. Some years ago the old father of a Chinese man living m Clnnluang bcwme very ill. Both father and son were Buddhistsg so the son went at Once to the temple to secure the services of the Priests. They came into the home and began their A ceremony with its incantations and exorcisms. The Sick man became steadily worse. Finally the priest . 1 informed the sou that only one thing would avail to 16' E, Vllitke the father well-he must in ignorance eat fb Pllrtion of his sou's Ilesh. The young man believed the Pfiest, and with something of the spirit of Isaac who , - "- L gladly 0ff0l'Cfl l1iluSelf, he eut a portion of flesh from lliS Own arm. This he had the cook prepare and give to his sic-k father. The sick man ate the morsel, supposing it to be a bit of beef, and for the time being improved. A little later, however, some one il1f0I'mCfl U10 fatillibl' that he 32 SIDE LIGHTS ONTHE CHINESE had eaten his own son's flesh. The shoek killed the old man. It also killed the sons faith in priests, and prepared his heart to receive the Christian message. On the day of his baptism he showed me the scar proudly, for God had used his saerifieial offering to bring him to the Savior. THE PROFESSOR EX PLAINS She's on the other side of the world, And the world, you know, is round: S0 her head is down in the air, my dear, And her feet are up on the ground. Thats why in China so many things ' Are the other way around- For their heads are always down in the air , And their feet are up on the ground. So their books begin at the baek, you know, And read from the top-side down, And the footnotes stand at the top of the page, And new paper is yellowish brown. But t-he brains of folks must be somewhat awry, And their judgement not quite sound, When they walk with their heads straight down in the air, And their feet away up on the ground. But perhaps in China they think of us As soberly walking around With our own heads down in the air, 1ny dear, And our ow11 feet up on the ground. So our books begin to read at the baek, And our top-notes are down at the foot, And our words may be written with twenty strokes, But the writing has never a root. We don't know the rules of politeness, my dear: Our ignorance is profound 5 - i It's because our heads are down in the air, And our feet are up on the ground. Dr. Reiehelt in his most unique of mission enterprises, welcomes all Buddhist and Taoist monks to his halls of hospitality. Here they may Wash their scarred heads, and rest their tired feet, drink till they thirst no mere, and eat the simple fare. With this seine are satisfied, and after three days depart. But some, for all their wandering on saered hills and up and down the land, have found. no end in their hand, a thirst assails them. In the ' M . if . ' -we gt, f,21i.,.2 V ,ff J.-r-:L - . - I ,S s J. clk - tufts! l 'lf -n'i7'.4El!'i'l-fl ,I ' -A 1 i ffl P5 'x , A l l. J I' ri,-Q 8 i up 1 ' I 1 4' .- N-il llllp l , f Q uik I l I 'fy l ll l t .il l 'V ' X x :I I t a wt . +4 . 0 , ' ' -' f, ""' i 014 -'-li 1- " 7 1"""'f-- 4. , BL!- 5 "'I0' PLVHIU'-4 the Word i' is written above the altar. Of this of seeking. When the eup is days of their priestly ordina- tion, candles burned low on their heads, and guttered out in blood. Those wounds have healed, yet they have found no ease for the soul's burning. Sueh men tarry on in fellowship. Dr. lleiehelt and his helpers wear the pattern of their enterprise, wrought in silver,-a cross springing from the lotus. They know how far above the lilth and slime of men lies the lotus flower of Buddhisnfs purest conception. Above, they place the cross, for the age-old yearning of men after God has found fulfill- ment in one Man and in this Sign, 'J In the beginning was word all men know a syllable. They do not know it was made Hesh and dwelt among us. ,ln the tiny quiet chapel, while the bell intoms, they hear and meditate upon this t33l 34 MISSION TO BUDDHISTS truth. Carven on the altar is His sign, the cross of sacrifice. There also is the sun of righteousness, the fire and water of the spirit's cleansing. The fragrance of the incense sticks rises spirally, the symbol of aspiration. From time to time a boy whose parents have given him to the priests, is released to Dr. Reiehelt. In his small school, in daily eontaet with men of grace and scholarship, these boys learn, that they in turn may .lead the priesthood of the land along the Way to Light. i Hr 'H 'M going to pretend," Said Alice, 'ithat this looking-glass leads into real China. I never Shall understand China Until I get in there where Gwrything goes by op- P0sites. Then I suppose it won't seein opposite for it will he the natural way 1t's very for it no be. mixing. I wish the glass soft like 'gauze so that I could get through. lVhy, lllg into a sort of mist now! Would get all it's tur11- H She was pushing aside tllfb bottles and trays on h0I' dressing table as she Sllolie, and in another mo- ment Aliee was through U10 glass. U They don't keep this 'l'0oin as tidy as the other," Aliee thought, as she llflfieed several Blah .longg tiles down on the hearth 'am0I1g the cinders. Q - 'V 'if ,7 sx- K . x- - ' as A Q . I l 'N 4.53: J A W Q .... el ,X-in Z, V ., f' ' ll get ll ass yi, M v 1-'Hy . f til , x fx . X' V . PM- ' , - i 1 'infix 1 1- .. ' . 'fat .vw-,, '--n rw ' ' AL, y , , -Q A Y SM?--:rr r ,r " They are dragons," whispered Aliee to herself. "I wonder what I 'ought to do! " Another Green Dragon was hopping graCCfUllY down the hall on his tail. HI I- 1- I-1 , - , - I ,A -, lgimnee " said Aliee rather t llll X l follon hun, at quite a safe f -S 1 i Ileliously, for she had never been very intimate U1tl1d1flg0ll5- 'JIU llild -U0 soonCI' Sboken than she found herself walliillg arm In arm Wltll U10 Green ,Dragon who was saying to her, C359 36 EAST AND WEST " VVhat is your honorable name? l' "My honorable name is Alice," said she, whereupon the dragon shook his head mournfully, and sighed. "You should have said, 'My humble name is Alice,' " he remarked. " Why didn't you ask me that? " Alice replied. But the dragon only sighed again. "If I should say-" began the dragon. "I haven't decided yet whether I shall or not, but I might, you know." " Might what ? " said Alice after a long pause. "I might remarkf' continued the dragon, "that your dress is very pretty. If I should, what would you say? " V " I should say that I was glad you thought so, for I thought so too," replied Alice without any hesitation. The dragon hcavcd a long sigh at this, and said, " It is evident that you have no manners. If you are going to stay here I shall have to take you in hand. You should have said, ' Oh, not at all! It is really very uglyindeed. ' " " But that wouldn't be true," Alice objected. " It might," replied the dragon. 5' Anyhow, it's manners. Now, try once more. Don't you think 1ny tail is graceful ?f' " Not at all," said Alice, congratulating herself that this time she had managed to tell the truth and give the right answer, both at the same time. But thc poor dragon began clicking and snorting and sobbing so distressfully that Alice became quite alarmed, and tried to pat it onthe back. This was difficult for the dragon was very long, and very narrow, and growing longer and narrower every minute. In fact, his head was quite out of sight in one direction, and his tail was quite out of sight in the other. lnstead of scales, Alice saw a double row of even squares that grew more and more to look like Mah Jongg tiles. At the same time, she heard a loud voice calling, "Look out, Abner! East Wind is going to break the wall." 'A Oh dear! i' thought Alice, "I wonder where he is going to break it. Not here, I hope. I wonder which is East. I do wish there was some one to tell me." She looked around dubiously, and was very much relieved to see an old man hobbling along on two canes, and mumbling to l1iI1lS0lf. She ran toward him, and pulling his sleeve to attract his atten- tion, said, " Please, sir, can you tell me which direction is East? 5' THE L1NcU1s'r 37 The old man looked at her in surprise. "You have to wait- until they yogill tO play before you find that out. Then you arrange the rest accord- lngly- The important thing is, first, East is East. The second most Ullpcrtant thing is,'West is West." Then he paused for so long a time that Alice began to be afraid he had forgotten all about her. Just as she was frying to make up her mind whether to speak to him again or to go away, he Went on. "And that's what the game's aboutf, " What game ? i' said Alice. " Oh, all this," said the old man, waving his arms about. You FGG, they want to meet, and Mr. Kipling says they never can, but then he 'Suit here any more. VVe're all in it," he added. f'You see, the West EGGS clockwise, and the East goes counterclockwise, and there is a lot of Stuff in between." " What kind of stuff 2 " asked Alice, " and between where? " "Between the East and the West,- all kinds of stuff. Red Tape and Manners and Chopsticks and Joss sticks and Jazz. But they are gradually getting it cleared away. They send the chopsticks west and the jazz east and countercloekwise. Then they invert the reviser and proceed as in multiplication. It takes a long time to learn to play." " How do you begin? i' asked Alice. "You begin by breaking the wall," replied the old 1113111- Just at this point, the same loud voice that Alice had heard before, ' l . Y Called out, " Ol' man Jesse,-I say,-where are you? fha dice have finished their tiffin, and it's time to begin!" whereupon the old man hurried away, which Alice thought was very exasperating since she was just beginning to get interested. The voice began again Womiogly: "The Wall's going to break! You'd better stand off a bit." Alice hurried away as fast as she could, and was really making very good headway when She Cilllght her foot in the root of a tree, and very nearly fell headlong- "This will never do,'i she heard the voice Say, H1111 lookins down She Perceived that she had tripped in a loop of the GFGG11 DFQSOWS tail' " Oh, I'm very sorry," said Alice apologetically- " I Clldnili know yOU Were there." 1 ' a "I'n1 11Otg 1,111 here," said the Green Dragon' HI m olW5YySl101'0-H " Not always," ventured Alice, "because when I Saw y011 before you werent here, you know." ". N Mm, R M' s'-N, r 3S EAST AND WEST " Yes, I was,', returned the Green Dragon, " because this wasn't here then. It was there. There is where I always was, And here is where I always am, And where I was, you always are, And where l are, you never am. Thats science," said the Green Dragon. 'But now it's time for tea. Won't you waste your precious time in my untidy house for a few moments, and taste a little of my very poor tea ? " Without waiting for an answer, he led the way toward a small house that Alice had not noticed before. Alice found the house very neat and tidy. Her attention was at- tracted, however, by a large bunch of keys hanging on the wall,-quite the largest bunch of keys that she had ever seen. Then she observed that everything in the room had a lock on it. The table was padloeked to the floor, and the pictures were locked to the walls, and even the waste paper basket had a straw cover, and a padlock attached to one side. " How do you like my untidy and inconvenient house," inquired the Green Dragon. " Really," replied Alice, "I think it is very pleasant, but I should like to know what all these locks are for." The Green Dragon got up, and drawing his chair close to hers began to whisper in her ear. Alice was not accustomed to having dragons whisper in her ear, but she bore it as well as she could, for she really wanted very much to know about the locks. "You see," began the dragon, "my servant is very dishonest. I have had such a time with him. And he became worse and worse. Besides being very dishonest., he is also very clever, so I was always unable to find him out. So, of course, I eouldn't send him away." U " Why not? " asked Alice. " Why not? " repeated the dragon. " Why not? What a question! Why, because I didn't see him take the things, of course." " But you knew he took them," argued Alice. The dragon sighed. " Yes, I knew he took them, but then, he alwayg said he didn't, and he invented such clever tales that nobody would have believed me if I had said they were false." And then the dragon sighed again. But presently he brightened up and went on. "But I have out- THE LINGUIST 39 Witted him at last. And this is what I did. I bought all those padlocks, and locked everything up, and then-- and then,-" the Green Dragon 805 greener than ever in his excitement-"and then, I gave kim the keys .1 H Alice burst out laughing. It was all so ridiculous that she eouldn't helP it. "So now, I suppose, he can take anything he likes," she said as 50011 as she could speak. "Why, not at all," replied the Green Dragon. "Now he can't take anything, because he knows I know he's get the keys. Don't you see? We the most wonderful idea that ever occurred to anyone. And it's my Gwn invention." " But didn't you have anything locked up before? " "Uh, yes," replied the Dragon, " but you see, he didn't have the keys, S0 he stole things because he didn't have the keys, but now he ean't beffuuse he's got the keys,-DONT you see!-the KEYSV' His voice grew louder and louder, and higher and higher, until Alive put her hands Over her ears, and rushed out of the house. She ran for a long time, and Suddenly she found that a. great crowd of people were running with her, red dragons and green dragons and white dragons, flowers and Seasons and characters and circles, all mixed up together, and all shouting, '!The wall is broken! The wall is broken! The East is going to 111003 the West. The queues have gone! And the chopsticks are going! " and with that the whole crowd began to rise up into the air like bi1'dS, leaving Alice Danting and fanning herself, and staring after them. She was just feeling a great flood of relief at being alone once more When she heard a rushing and a shuffiing, and the shrill voice of the Green Dragon screaming, " He couldn't do it because he had the KEYS! " Alice thrust out her arm to keep off the Green Dragon who was bearing down Upon her, when suddenly she found herself in her own bedroom, clutching the house-boy by the arm. He was saying, "Missy, can doo: U0 Carl Catch dinner. No have get keys." i THAT REMINDS ME HE Chinese Language isn't nearly the wild jargon that we once sup- posed it to be. Even as we sometimes see Chinese men and women who remind us of certain friends or acquaintances at home, so we quite often hear Chinese words which resemble words in our mother tongue. For instance, the words for Close the floor sound almost exactly like Go on, man! Joe is your foot, loe is your head, show is your hand, sing is your heart, and peachy is your disposition. The word for stocking sounds almost exactly like wrwtsg that for hint is cojling the wind is fun, and business is sunny. lllama is slow, and Paw is afraid, if you call "Hi, Paw!" you are very much afraid. What is yet more strange, little brother is a D. D. l lYe are glad to meet some of our old American and English friends here in China. W'e have already noticed Jong' John is standing, Sue counts, May is beautiful, and little sister is illamie. Then too, there are many kinds of chow la bridgej in China. "Here" isjclly, pic is a sign tof what?J, and the pilfldiny is no good. If you ask why, the answer is that 'why is " bad." If you are still unsatisfied, and ask how, you arc told that how is "good," In China, instead of putting on your hat, you dye it, and instead of taking oft your gloves, you chew them. China has a few love-making words, though of course they have never been used by a single Language School student. If you say "Howdy, Ilan!" it seems that you are at your very best, while " Ready, Hun?" means that you are as hot as you can be. Oh is I, I is love, and knee is you. When the boys back home tell their girls, "Oh, I need you," little do they dream they arc talking Chinese' Now let's gog hop in the rieksha. lf you want to go to Nanking's pagoda, you tell the rieksha man, "By j1'1z.go!" If you'1'e bound for a nearby business street you say, "131Hi1'1I11'1ig f'h0w!" But if you want to go to the Fifth Avenue of Nanking to buy flowered silk, you merely wave your hand and say in a hlase tone, " Wash your cloyis eye ! " It's a ffreftt l'l'l10'lI"l0'C this Cl1i110S0. D'cC?"D7 Qeltlj ROAD "ll'l1cre shall uve lair lonighlf' said Grey Brctlwr, "for from now we follow new lv'11ils."-Kipliilg. HOUGH trails lead you to the land of lanterns at the other side of the world, they do not end, They brunch into old, deep-rutted roads and tiny paths between the Hooded fields. If you will take these roads with me today, your feet will he sore, but your heart will be full of the things your eyes have seen. There will he donkeys nodding along briskly under their loads. They are the merriest, things in all China. Camels slobber and grunt, and the slate-blue hulifaloes are stupid, but it donkey steps daintily and looks at life humorously. VV0 Shall S00 many a man with a stick upon his shoulder, the sign of the road-paeer the world 'Lp over. But here, there must he a load on either end of that stick. His feet twinkle along swiftly 7 enough, but his shoulders never move under the weight of his baskets. He Sings Us he S003 ill QUCOI' little panting jerks, a few haunting phrases without words. "No Can sing, no can work," says he. When two are toQ9tlN'1' their voices lllternate in time with the hurrying feet, and the load of their labor is lightened. Chinese musie seems in tune with the high pitched V2 y Squeak of the wheelbarrows. Their shrill whine carries - i fill' across the paddy lields from some island furnistead. X Ill imagination we can see their loads,-hugs of rice, or T00ds for fuel, or live grunting hogs, tied one 011 'COP of , -- ,L 3 'U10f'l1e1'. W0 can see, too, the strain in the cy0S0f'f110 E 'L RB wheelbarrow eoolie. and how he staggers under the load. l 41 i 42 ROADS There is a village through which we must pass. You will have time for only a quick glance about, for in these narrow dirty streets we pick our way with care. Did you see what I saw? A starved, wet-looking kitten in a patch of sung a poultry shop with its rows of lacquered chickens, strung up by the neckg a frightened monkey in a crowd of delighted children whose noses rung vendors and their gongsg a wild-eyed, wild-haired devotee with a fluteg a blear-eyed ancient holding a ehild's soft, roughed cheek against her own. And always the lean dogs will be sniffing at our heels. We are again on the open road. In a private ricksha is a young exquisite wearing a pale blue broeaded garment over pale blue trousers. He is airing his pet cricket in a tiny polished cage. I will tell you so that you need not look, that four men are coming, pulling a wooden truck. They wear a greasy circlet of braided hair. For, when the labor of the day is done, these burdened men have no mind left to discover that queues are out of style. The last red is pricking thc graying memories of yet another day in this so-ancient land. Purple Mountain is showing you why it bears ihat name. lVe are weary, and the ricksha men know it. Their Smiles grgw more ingratiating, and we relent. The old ponds are quiet vvhere all day long the women have gathered water-chestnuts in wooden washtubs, and beaten dirty clothes clean upon a board. Now in the purple and Silver THE LINGUIST 43 light, the bamboos bend above them. Searfs of darkness are flung across the CI'0Zy huts of matting and mud, where before our curious eyes the peoble hide their faces behind bowls of rice. The great wall looms across our Willy, with an old man's growth of beard upon its gaunt old face. Inside, behind the spirit walls arc dim little rooms where light flickers over U10 silver and gold patterns on thc looms. The ricksha coolie coughs and Ulops his face. His feet, padpadding under the lantern arc thc only focus of light, on the moon ofthe East shall rise. EVENING IN CHINA The grey curve of the crumbling wall- Just beauty piled for grassy fing'ring- And the deep boom-boom of the temple call, From thc near-by hill Now black with t-he swoop of the magpics winging The golden dusk to their hainhoos tall. From the wind-swept hush on the ancient wall - The beauty of Night alone is speaking- To the cobbled pavement. The sea-slugs sprawl In a welter of mud. Wheel-barrows squeaking, And vendors hawking, and chickens squawl-:ingg Then the half-moon rising over all. fi' 1' , . ' ' 'N V if ff' ,ga 7 1 Aa btz w .xx my :gf -. 4 ' , "H: !xS"fx.g:fg ' A" "f . J 1 .i K ,ml Ffivii ,ggsigggs 2' - A f: 1 fLLf1i.f,g'i'12'f -In - . .,,: . Q -,M A - A ,gi 'P ,,. S l r I all X xii' pf'- 144 JV- ' , -., Ji' fuk.. 4,-fi., V ' if "- - a THE COOLIE Against the eastern sky two rounded peaks, Half veiled in purple clouds, lift high their heads Above the ancient ramparts of Nanking. The rising sun begins to Heck their tops With gold, and bugle notes down in the town Announce the coming of another day. 'But all the glories spread so near at hand Are unobserved by eyes fixed on the ground. From early dawn unto the fading light With heads bowed down, and burdened backs, Ten thousand eoolics live to wear away Their lives in grinding, unremitting toil. Along tl1e roads we meet them, in long lines Straining at their ancient., crude wheel-barrows. NVG see men burdened down with stone and earth. VVe watch them slowly move like tortured souls, And hear the shriek of when-ls always unoiled. 'Ihc patient eoolies bend unto their task With straining muscles, streaming back and face. Again we see huge trucks, piled high with wares, With bulky crates and bales from foreign lands- And harnessed to the load a coolie group To tread the weary road. The heavy rop0S Stretehed taut across their naked backs bite deep But hauling at the ropes they struggle on. The merchant clad in silks, the haughty officer, Within the rieksha lolls in thoughtless CNSC -- While harnessed in the shafts before his face, With heaving breast, and wildly beating heart, A man, a soul, runs weary miles t0 llillll His human freight, and earn his daily bread. f 45 Q THE COOLTE ..Li' Day after day he takes his place again Among the myriad host of low-caste men, Exhausts his waning strength in hopeless toil. His mind is dark, his body clothed in rags, His home a crumbling, evil-smelling hut Scarce Ht 'twould seem to shelter swine. Yet strange to say this patient, frugal man- Whene'er you meet him resting by the road Wiping his beaded brow, or e'en at toil- Will answer smile with smile and look of cheer. 9 His world is drab, his labor ill repaid- Yet he can smile, and show his soul's not dead ! FRANK A. ARGELANDER, '19, icriu egetttee St Eseus es s ts STREET NOISES HERE do you live? Is it a quiet place? If so, would you like to have seine experiences that the people who live near the noisy Street have? My home is near the South Gate. It is the most boisterous Spot in the South City. Just before the dawn when the city gate is Opened the noise of the day begins. First of all come the drivers of don- keys which carry two buckets of wine on their backs. They are going to the wine shops. When the drivers strike their whips onthe ground the donkeys--more than twenty togetherwrun very fast with the jangling "Ton, ton, ton" made by the two buckets. It is just the time when the water carriers drive their water carts out fOr the morning. They go rapidly sinee the carts are empty, so that they make an irritating sound "Hung-tong, hung-tong." Some people use two big vessels to carry water on their shoulders instead of the carts. When they come back with two big vessels full of water they cry loudly and Thythmically "Ai-roh, ai-roh, ai-roh, wei wei yu oh ho yu." In succession come slowly and noisily "'l'ze-yu, tze-yu" of the wheel- barrows. The fuel sellers carry heavy loads and murmur 'K Hai-hu, hai-hu." It is now half-past six and the vegetable and fish-sellers are coming out. Some ery aloud "Cabbages and turnipsf' some ery "Fish, fresh fish," others proclaim " Peas and big red peppers." The short voices of different kinds of vcnders come out here and there continuously. fl'li01,uyL.l,S aw both men and women and stand before their doors and call loudly, " Come here, turnip sellers, let us see your turnips. How much costs a gui isixteen ouneesl ? " C 47 J 48 ENGLISH ESSAYS "My turnips are very nice-big and fresh. Four coppers a gui," is the answer. I "Too much, too much, three coppersl " says the buyer. "Not enough!" answers the seller and goes away and erics again "Turnips and eabbagesf' During that time every buyer bargains clamorously with his or her seller. They go here and there and are so busy that it is hard for rick- shaws to make their way through the street and the rickshaw coolies have to shout, "Here come the rickshaws-let them go-otherwise you will be rushed down! " From dawn until seven o'elock every morning hundreds of such sounds strike our ears, and if you will only come with me you will hear them for yourself. A DAY IN PRINCESS lDA'S COLLEGE ANY times I had heard about Ida's college, then I began to long to be a student there. At last my hope was fulfilled. When I entered the college, I could not tell how happy I was. When I entered the door I saw above it, " Let no man enter here on pain of death." I was thrilled by this inscription. I said to myself, HI-Iow happy I am because I ean study in this college for women alone, and no man has a right even to peep in." I saw the Head, the Princess Ida, and could not help admiring her for she was a grand and dignified woman, yet her voice was natural and sweet, and her movements gentle. After this an ofiicer read the college statutes to me, sueh as, 'Not for three years to correspond with home', 'Not for three years to cross the liberties', ' Not for three years to speak with any man' , and some more. When I heard 'Not for three years to correspond with 11011103 I thought that rule was too hard for me to obey. It 599111041 too big gi sacrifice for me to leave my parents for three years-such a long time-- without giving them even one word. But I thought it over, then I realized that in getting anything worth while one has to pay a correlative price. Since I wanted to get knowledge that could make me equal to men who had always considered us WOIIIGII HS il1f0l'i0F 'CO them, of course I would have to sacrifice something. Then I thought of the second article THE LINGUIST 49 'Not for three years to cross the liberties,' and I realized it was easy to Obey, because we who seek knowledge ought to consecrate our lives to knewledge, as the nuns who consecrate their lives to religious .work. The third article, 'Not for three years to speak to any man' was the easiest. I thought we would not speak with any men until we had as much knowl- edge as they can get. Then they would not dare to say that women have H0 minds to study as men do, and they would have to admit that women really are equal to men. So my first day in Princess Ida's college ended. BEING A GUEST ' T was a bright and sunny morning, but it was very cold. My mother and I walked through several frozen streets to my grandmothers home. As We went along, we met many children playing on the street. They all WOre their beautiful new clothes, new hats, new shoes and new gloves. Their faces were full of joy. Some were playing tops, some were kicking feathers, some were playing kites on the small hill, and some were blowing 01' beating drums All shops were closed, except those selling fruit and Candy. When we approached the house, we heard the bands playing merrily in the different homes. As we arrived at thc two wooden gates we knock- ed on them. An old gate-keeper with a pleasant face, and dressed in the Old fashioned new clothes, came out and opened the gates. As soon as he- Sflw us he bowed to us and said "Happy New Year." Just as we entered the big hall, my cousins came out and welcomed US. They all had on their best clothes. Some were pink, some red, and Some were embroidered with many beautiful flowers and butterflies. They Were very glad and bowed down before us. My mother presented many gifts which were packed in red papers. Then we entered the parlor. There my grandmother, aunt and uncle Were waiting for us. They introduced to us all the guests in their home, The family meeting was very warm and affectionate. The dinner was announced shortly after our arrival. It was held in the beautiful dining room, which was decorated with ivy and evergreen. The old famous pictures were hung all around the room. There were two large red candles lighted on the long table, and a great 50 ENGLISH ESSAYS cake set in the centre. On the other tables we found many delicate foods which were abundantly spread. I was happy to find my old friend oil lobster, in the great feast. Though I had not eaten it for a long time and had nearly forgotten the taste, yet I was reminded of it when I saw it. - After we Hnished our feast, we returned to the parlor at which we first arrived. There we talked a little while, and took some fruits and tea. Then we said "Good-bye" to each other, and returned home in the sedan-chair. A KING OF TANG There looms a lordly pleasure tower o'er yon dim shore, Raised by some king of Tang. Jade pendants at his girdle clashed, and golden bells Around his chariot rang. Strange guests through sounding halls at dawn go trailing by, Gray mists and mocking windsg , And sullen brooding twilights break in rain on rain, To lash the ragged blinds. The slow, sun-dappled clouds lean down o'er waters blue, Clear mirrored, one by oneg Then drift as all the world shall drift. The very stars Their timeless courses run. - How many autumn moons have steeped those palace walls! And paled the shattered beams! Where is their lordly builder n0w? A Lord of dust? An Emperor of dreams? WANG Po, A.D. 648-676. - n. ix - '..! Il PHYSICAL EDUCATION Ea F C-1- 515.325 C-s ron f ii cm Esc GIRLS UST now as I sat huddling over the lire and figuratively chewing my pencil, the familiar sound of blum-blum-blum stole in from outside. I knew it to be the peddlar who carries a tall cloth-covered ease on his back. The sound brought back memories of childhood thrills at the fascinating things stowed away in that pack. I spoke my thoughts aloud, and our hostess asked the alnnah what sort of things the peddlar carried. The answer included silks, cloth, thread, powder, tooth-powder- "Tooth-powder? " I asked, incredulous. "Yes, the natives use Lyons Dentifrice, and others. Most of them Use plain salt, however. The school girls, when they go home, take their toilet utensils, which include mug, soap. tooth-brush, and powder." I was amazedg the proverbial family tooth-brush would be an im- Provement on none at all, but to find the individual brush and even Powdcrs so commonly used was an agreeable surprise. For this matter of introducing health-habits to a race whose common people have long been accustomed to unsanitary methods is much more of an appalling problem than is that of the more appealing, purely physical side of the Subject. Undoubtedly the physical element oiiers the desired approach in this field. Some years ago when at home in tl1e interior for a brief visit, mother asked me to direct a few exercises and teach a game or two to her Bible-class girls. Very tentatively and stolidly they attempted to do those unheard-of stunts, but the next week their numbers were doubled, and the week after the mob was truly pathetic. 1515 52 PHYSICAL EDUCATION In later years when attending a Y. W. C. A. conference in the StateS, I heard that the Chinese girls were very " keen 'I about physical education, and were " just eating it up." I recalled this earlier experience and forth with decided to add my lot to that of the women who were feeding them this delectable grub. Here in Nanking occasionally I find time to direct a few games among the younger children in one of the schools. The reckless hails of delight that greet me, and the squeals of sheer enjoyment that burst forth during the simple games, give one a tight feeling around the heart, and one realizes the hungry craving of their little bodies. Just one such experience alone repays me a thousanclfold for that horrible trip across the Pacific. In the homeland, the four seasons usher in their own types of play. One sees hop-scotch dia- grams decorating even the New York sidewalks in the spring, and i11 the fall groups of boys tumble all over each other in their serious imitation of the big college football games. S0 too in China, the boys Hy their kites in March, and with the native New Year all sorts of interesting forms of play flock in. But I have noticed into how few of the romping games the girls enter. Old China - Photo by Mission Photo Bureau THE LINGUIST 53 Nature, in the girl, has for years been thwarted. She has been kept bllsy most of the day caring for the little brothers and sisters. When she has been free to play, her feet have pained her too much to allow much really vigorous sport. But one has only to note how eagerly she hovers about the peep-shows at New Year time, or with what delight she parades her pretty lantern, to realize that the spirit of play is yet strong within her. It takes only a visit to the schools wl1ere the girls are given illstruction in play, to appreciate from their rapturous yells how the instinct of play longs for expression. The girls of China who have been S0 cramped physically by their bound feet, and mentally and morally by the general attitude toward their sex, remind one of a child who samples the contents of the jam jar with a grimy linger, and upon finding the taste good, puts his whole fist to diligent work. . Yes, the approach is easy, for they are ready for us. The handicaps are not to be found, as one might suppose, in a mental inability to grasp the point of a game, nor in the lack of true sportsmanship, and certainly not in lack of zeal. Perhaps you would guess that one handicap in winter is those wads and wads and wads of clothes! But just watch a while! That little girl with the impossible name. starts to run her lap in the Photo by lllflssion Photo Bureau and the New .54 PHYSICAL EDUCATION team-race. The others are waving arms and legs in frantic excitement when suddenly she stumbles headiirst, and rolls there in a helpless attempt to rise. At last o11e violent roll accomplishes its purpose, she struggles to her feet, and pants her way to her goal. The others only howl with glee, and most cheerfully accept their gain or loss through the mishap- These wads and wads do not seem to detract from the enjoyment, and at times they really add to the output of physical exertion. The actual drawback is, of course, that there are no other clothes into which to change, and no shower-baths to cleanse the little heated bodies. This is a fault that can be remedied only in school where a uniform and gymnasium facilities are to bc had. Many of our own day schools at home can not boast of these, so we should not reckon these as drawbacks peculiar to China. The slow hard pull in this WOI'k will come when one tries, little by little, to change the health-habits of these girls. They do not know that i' Some little germ will get them someday," if they donit watch out, That in itself- is perhaps not important, but the truth is that there is a total lack of healthy habits in their lives. I need not emphasize P, V to those wl1o live in China the need of instruction in such habits, for daily before our eyes the appalling results of its lack are paraded. One wonders where to begin. Yet, when one learns that tooth-brushing is fairly well established among school girls, and when one fears the little ones will burst in their earnest attempt to obey the command to ffgtgmd tall," one takes hope. The very fact that the task is so stupendous makes it well worth one's best efforts. The field is ready, the task is inspiring, yet the laborers-they are so few: . . ,RMT 3 w. I ii.-I in 557' ta RELIGIOU EDUCATION IN THE CHOOLS OF CHI A N a sense all missionary work is religious education. But what I wish to speak of in particular is the teaching of religion in classes of all Sorts from primary school to college. One who has been in China so short fl time as the writer has scarcely a right to opinions, except from the Stondpoint of one deeply interested in religious education at home and the efforts put forth to make it more efficient. It is perhaps true, however, that a newcomer who has any insight into the problem as a whole can see the outstanding facts in the situation here more clearly just because he is Hot yet swamped by the details. There are four things I should like to say. First, the teaching of religion is the most important task on the missionary field. This is undoubtedly the era for education, and the students are to be tl1e great power in the future of China. It is desirable, of course, that the best methods of agriculture, sericulture, the treatment of leather, and all kinds of scientific investigation should be brought here. The industrial situation and the sanitary conditions call for it, the commercial and international problems of the day demand it. But underneath it all is the spiritual Condition of the country which above everything else calls for something religiously enlightening, taught in the simplest, clearest, and most forceful Way. If President Stuart of Peking University is right in saying that the alternative in China is not the Christian religion or some other religion but the Christian religion or atheism, then it behooves missionaries to gather up their teaching forces to present religion in a way that will appeal to modern students. The testimony gathered as I have visited cities and talked with sound educators of various faiths and orders is that religious education is the weakest plank in the whole educational platform. Surely this ought not so to be. Of course the question which quickly comes is why is it so? And that brings out the second point I wish to emphasize very strongly. i55l 56 RELIGIOUS EDUCATIOH Religious education must be lifted above the controversial level and it must be done very soon or the day will be too late. The unfortunate state of so many disagreements among missionaries themselves is like that of a patient desperately needing nourishment and the physicians quarrelling over what kind of food to give. Here he is sick and perishing and there seems to be only a makeshift plan for feeding him atall. In some eases this amounts to a policy of following the path of least resistance and getting along the best way possible without discussing the question of any better method. There is no concerted action to place the teaching of this subject upon as up-to-date and eflicient basis as any other subject taught. j This stage has been passed through in America so far as raising the teaching standards in the subject of religion in our schools and colleges. Not so long ago classes in the Bible were farmed out to anyone who came to a school to teach science or literature or history or what-not, One hour a week was considered Sufficient and no particular attention was paid to adequate library equipment, maps, and other means of good teaching. Today it is not so, except in colleges which fall far below the standard and it is beginning not to be so in preparatory schools. Whether 9, teacher is conservative or liberal he Should H017 bc allowed to teach religion until he has had some good training in how to do it, ' Third, there should bc a good plan of grading courses so that there may not be many repetitions. If the same book in the Bible is used as the text more than once in a childis training, it should be used in different ways. For example there is an age for learning the characteristics of great heroes and there is an age for Compfehending the development of great religious ideas. One of the seniors of Ginling College in speaking of her courses throughout her various schools sighed as she said She had had the book of Acts four times and hated it worse each time. Such a condition ought not to be possible. Fourth, in trying to remedy the situation too much stress should not be laid upon child psychology and 111061105 at the expense of the Biblical material itself. This has been a decided mistake in America. Sunday School teachers have had courses in teacher training who were woefully ignorant of the Bible they were Sl1PP0Sed to '009f0h- The Bible is the centre of our Christian faith. How can we teach others the essence 0fCh1'i5bia,nity unless We know it and know it well? THE LINGUIST 57 In conclusion, it is my firm conviction that the first step toward better religious education in China is to cease to bother about the dogmatic 00I1troversies. Let us makesome good gradcdplan of study which will Stand the test of psychology and good teaching. Let us know our Bibles Well whether from one standpoint or another,-not dogma, but the Bible,- its history, poetry, geography, biography, 'its spiritual truths. Then let us teach it with our eyes constantly o1I the way to help thc Chinese minds and hearts to come close to God and to walk with Him. BY LAURA H. WILD, B. D. Professor of Biblical Literature at Mount Holyoke College, now spending her Sabbalical year at Ginling College, Nanlclng. A RIVER MELODY LI Po, A. D. 702-768 With cornel oars our skiff of mount-ain pear Lightly glances over the lapping waters. At the bow a flute of echo fair L At the stern a pipe's melodious air Mingle with the song of Beauty's daughters. Here are copious flasks of vintage rare. Why then, would we quit this world of care, Need We wait to mount some fairy crane ? Free as seagulls float we oler the waters Idly floating on this shorcless main. The songs of famous singers live as long As sun and moon shall circle in thc sky. The halls of pride now strewn the hills along Proclaim that every other fame shall die. To such rapture even mighty mountains Stir and sway their weighty bulk again. In the fairy islands of the Blessed Lives for ever each immortal strain. But sooner could flow backward to its fountains This stream, than wealth and honours can remain. PURPLE MOUNTAI Towering behind old Beh Ge Go, Which lies far down on the plain below Is Purple Mountain in soft morning haze Through which the sun first sends its rays, Changing the landscape from dusky night And flooding the world anew with light. Still called Purple Mountain for a name Yet always changing, never the same. Some times appearing haughty and proud When clouds its summit doth enshroud. Then SOIDG times looking bleak and cold As though she felt decrepit and old. How glorious the mountain is in white When both the clouds and snow alike Seem joined together by a strip of blue Throwing over all a brilliant hue. How beautiful when the moon doth arise To take a look around the skies, Until playful clouds which float around, Cover the moon and shadow the ground Then out again it comes, all smiling And on the mountain its silver beams piling The moon and clouds and every star Stay not with us but journey far But in all seasons without end, PURPLE MOUNTAIN remains our friend - Domus MACKENZIE Nanking, China 4533 4 -L ILLSTONES I A D W 'PERF RMS V J.M.p.! l 1 i U A-LING! Da-ling! Da-ling!" The station-master was walking from one end of the platform to the other, bell in hand, and exhorting stragglers to get aboard. In that now crowded car we had been holding our seats for the previous half-hour, and it was well we had, for traveling second class from Shanghai to Nanking in a crowded Chinese train on a hot Chinese day is not calculated to be exactly palacial. Having landed in China less than a week previous, the long wait was not as tedious as it might have been. Each person to arrive added some new note of interest to the group. Some sat on the ends of the ear seats, jabbering over their long pipes with their neighbors, and filling in all dots and dashes with grotesque gestures. Across the aisle from us, two elegantly dressed Chinese women in gaudy silk attire and with fingers heavy with jewelry, sat gossiping vehemently together, cigarette in hand, every muscle ofthe face, hands, and body eloquently combining to give expression to their thought. What a sharp contrast to the extremely modest, dcmure maids of old Japan who had so charmed us with their attempts to hide shy retiring smiles behind flowing sleeves and low bgws, At last the train began to move and the air, which was now saturated with Chinese gibberish and cheap foreign tobacco smoke, began to Clem- somewhat. We had barely pulled out of the station before a Chinese lad appeared wearing a brass tag, "Tea Boy," and depositing on each of the built-in tables which jutted out from under the car windows, 9, pot of Chinese tea, promptly proceeded to fill each with bililing water from a huge brass kettle which he carried. In between sips of tea from the livttle thimble-shaped cups furnished, my hride-of-three-months and I kept C593 60 COUNTRY PEOPLE exclaiiming over the swiftly changing scenery without. And indeed it was strange ! For a time it seemed as if the whole country-side was one vasli sea of mounds. On every hand as far as the eye could. see, these graSS- covered hillocks dotted the plain like so many stacks of hay, often S0 close together that one might easily step from one to the next. As a rule they rose only two or three feet above the level of the plain but some l l f ' i ' V' ,. .,..,....j' f ' 'li 3 1-Y- The Land of the Dead towcred ten or twelve feet high, measuring twenty feet or more across their base and were surrounded by raised rims of earth to prevent erosion. For the rest of the journey and indeed from that time to the present I have never for more than a moment been out of sight of -these "grave lands of the ancestors." China-a land into which one-fourth of the human race is crowded and yet a land where the dead far outnumber the living. l As we watched these scenes sweeping endlessly by the window, the overwhelming pity of that fact in its effect upon the present generation was borne in upon us with relentless force. Everywhere. numberless evidences of strictest economy stood out stark and bare before our eyes : fields crowded up to the very edge of the track: roads swallowedlup till nothing but the slenderest foot-path l'em21iI16d. Everywhere cultiva- tion of the most intensive kind prevailed, leaving not a square foot of available land unused. Hillsides and stony ground which at home would THE LINGUIST Gl be passed by as worthless, here were put to most intensive use. 'lfhe very ground upon which the farmers' rude straw-thatched, niud houses stood, 300111011 to be begrudgingly given up. Even the spaces between and around the grave mounds were pursued by the relentless hand of necessity. But the dead reign supreme! Such is the reverence-or perhaps I should Say fear-with which this nation of ancestor worshippers regards these departed spirits that their graves lie unmolested clotting the plain, Oeeupying vast areas of valuable land, and scattered over the fields in 1 V Y P l'l10l0 'Ill .llisxiuli I'lm!o Bllrriull Human Labor, the Cheapest Commodity such a way as seriously to interfere with agricultural operations. Millions go hungry and even starve to death because the living will not use what the dead cannot. For an hour or more wc watched this swiftly Clluuging panorama Outside until we were suddenly recalled to the limfl of the living by the tea-boy asking if we would have "til-fin." Yes, illdeed, we would. "Which way is the dining-ear ? " I asked. " Oh ' - serve out here," was the reply in broken English. 62 COUNTRY PEOPLE The table between us was soon spread, and set with silver-it might be nearer the truth to say nickel--and we were speedily introduced to a siX course English dinner served in elegant style. Before we were through our attention was arrested by a weird Chinese melody sung in a high nasal falsetto. Looking about for the source of the disturbance, we were much amused to discover a somewhat portly Chinese gentleman, wh0, having iinished his repast, was lying Hat on his back-or as nearly so as the cramped proportions of the seat would permit. There, basking in the sun, with his head resting on the window ledge and a paper propped against his knees, he was droning out the day's news, improvising the Photo by Jlisston Photo Bm-can A Flooded Rice Field music as he went along. Several Others sitting near were apparently listening-in, free of charge. Tiffin over, we again turned our attention to the strangeness of the scenery without. By this time the sense of depression at the sight of so many grave-mounds, gradually dispersed by the very monotony of the scene. Other novel features caught our attention. Perhaps the most striking of these was the vast nllnlber' of canals, water-ways, and ponds. It is difficult to estimate the number and extent of these water-ways but THE LINGUIST as I have since read that Professor King, While traveling over this same road Wbually counted between two stations 162 miles apart, 593"canals. "An average," he says, "of more than three to the mile." The remarkable faflt about this is that we passed not a single one along which there was not Some evidence of constant use. Along the banks wooden-chain irrigation pumps operated by human foot-power raised the water, to flood adjacent rice fields. In the absence of adequate roads, what goods were transported along the foot-paths must be carried either by wheelbarrow or 4 Photo by Mission Photo Bllfddn 'A Grist Mill by being strapped to poles slung between the shoulders of two men. The great mass of transportation, however, was carried on by means Of this intricate system of water-ways. Numerous Chinese lunks: each with two large eyes painted on their grotesquely up-curved PI'0WS"'f0r the Chinese Claim that logically a junk must be able to see where it is going-Were Pl'0pelled either by poles or by men tracking the 08111911 banks, TOPQS draw!! taut over their shoulders. These and the smaller flat-boftomed b09J'GS ladened with goods of all kinds and descriptionS, Plied Ceaselessly UP and d0Wn this net-Work of water-ways. Oceasiwlally We passed groups of 64 COUNTRY PEOPLE youngsters poling about in some of these small boats, reminding us that boys are the same the world over. Again, men, with their flat-bottomed boats overflowing with all manner of green vegetables, poled leisurely along the canals, stopping to display their edibles before the mud homei which fronted directly upon these water-ways. Even the ponds, which were scattered generously between the canalS, were put to economic use. Some supported ducks and geese. I Many, we have since learned, are periodically stocked with fish. And all were made to serve as reservoirs. Frequently the surface of these ponds were covered with the huge leaves of the lotus plant, the roots of which constitute such an important item of diet. Many times we noticed adrift in the center of some pond, a woman or child seated in what appeared to be P- large wash-tub and engaged in pulling up the tangled growth which covered the surface, to pluck something from the roots. Later we learned that they were gathering water-chestnuts. These ponds were also used to irrigate rice fields, which at this season were in the process of being flooded. At times, for long stretches, we seemed to be rushing through vast level plains of "water farms,'l above whose placid surface the boundaries of the fields alone rose to zigzag their way into the distance. Scattered here and there were small islands, in the midst of which stood the low-thatched homes of these farmers. In the distance, pagodas dotted the horizon. At one time I counted twelve of these outlined against the sky at the same instant. Often in one of these fields submerged under two or more feet of water, could be seen a farmer plowing with his water buffalo When not working, these animals might be seen standing stolidly in this Held of water or browsing along the margins. Frequently a small boy would be sprawled at full length on the broad back, head pillowed on his arms and toes digging ,deliciously into the furry sides. Off in the distance- ' ' Just here a man selling papers came through the car. We were nearing a station. He asked if I were through with mine, took itg 'and after gathering other papers which had been discarded, sat down in a corner to smooth them out. These he promptly resold to new arrivals. In the meantime the scenes outside had shifted. We passed several small round shelters under which one blind-folded donkey or water buffalo plodded faithfully round and round, grinding' grain between two' large flat QC'ohcluded on page 1343 rfllffqqu K Six Q-il DENTISTRY A MISSIONARY ,a m z . i . E TERFRI S E. Q D - In CQ:.i:,I"f . ' . 'E'b--f .1 p- je .' ', H' '-'-"l' l' l' - WE' mL H, M f N one's way down to Futzi Miao, early in the morning before many are up and ready for the day's work, occasionally we sec a few apparently well trained citizens standing outside their doors vigorously brushing their front teeth. They apparently spend no time on the teeth that do not show, being much like a child or a careless house wife in that respect, only putting a high polish on those that must stand constant inspection. Some, however. do take fairly good care of their teeth which makes us wonder who has told them that they should keep them clean. D0 they have their own dentists? If so, what is their place of business like and what kind of methods do they use? XVe wonder what kind of treatment the Chinese get when they go to their own dental Craftsmen today, Some modes of dental work are very old in China For instance, they Were the first ones to invent a method of extracting tG0t'l1Q this was by means of forceps made of lead. if the tooth was strollg enough U' l'0SiSt the twist' and pull of the lead forceps it was good 0'10Ugh to SWF' ill but if it came out by the strength of the lead forcep it should come out, whethgr the tooth was healthy or not, Futzi Miao is filled with dental shops. One could l10t llllSt2LliG them for any other on account of the gaudy paintings of artificial teeth decorating the windows, which are not much unlike those displayed by the llllethical dentist at home Their trade mark is still further carried out by having on display in their window as much of tll0lI' Cflulllmellt as they Cflll Sllow, together with specimens of their ability in crown and plate work. l65l 66 DENTISTRY The vulcanizer usually occupies first place in the windowjprobably because the cost was much more than that of other equipment, and also givGS evidence to -the passing public that the dentist can do plate work. In the second place we see a little glass cage displaying artifical dentures, gold crown work mounted on plaster casts with colored stone facings, and usually a large pile of extracted teeth. The larger the pile is the better, for it indicates a number of years of experience- if the man in the shop pulled them all himself. Somewhere in view is at pile of old plaster of paris impressions, whose advertising value is the same as that of thG extracted teeth. Inside the shop a foot engine stands beside the chair which iS made inviting by having a fur rug for upholstery. On the walls hang large colored sectional drawings of the head showing the anatomy of the mouth and jaws. These serve as a sort of diploma while in reality they are practically the sole source of the dentistls scant knowledge. 'Forceps and impression trays also hang onthe walls. Some of these shops are very neat and clean although there is no sign of a sterilizer for they know nothing of ascepsis or cleanliness by sterilization. We see the dentists working in the ways that are the best they know, doing good in some cases but in most cases probably doing harm. It is this which causes us to realize the field there is for dentists to teach at least a few the better way. At the Gu Low Hospital here in Nanking as well as in the other Mission Hospitals the nurses are required to take four years of training before graduating from the course and during this time they are given good courses in physiology, anatomy, bacteriology, materia mediea, etc. A few of those who wish to do so can take a two year course in dentistry after finishing the nursingeourse. Thus a graduate dentist should be very well qualified since during the two years of dental work much practical work is done on clinical patients besides the technical studying. The course here could almost be compared to the den al course in New York State which requires four years of medical study with two years of special dental training. One student was graduated from such a course last year. He has proved himself to be a very skilled and able workman. It is only through the training of Chinese that we can hope to do any extensive good for the people in general in t-he way of better dental service. THE LINGUIST 67 0110 would easily realize this if he could but see the various eases that Come to us through the hospital clinic every morning. We might rightly Call the majority of them emergency eases since they come only for the relief of pain caused by decay of long standing, infections, and severe and numerous abscesses. The number of eases of pyorrhea is surprisingly large, many more than we have in America. Practically all the food the Chinese eat needs little chewing, thus depriving the teeth and gums of their needed exercise. When there are deposits on the gums their vitality is S0 low that they cannot combat the many kinds of bacteria present. Thus the gums become red and swollen and pyorrhea soon develops. Giving relief to these patients who come because of extreme necessity is the means of beginning a larger field of service in what we might call Dreventive dentistry. Here is an opportunity to teach the value of daily Cleansing and the frequent removal of more obscure deposits before they Cause trouble and to demonstrate the folly of allowing decay to continue l0l1g after it is evident. It will at first be difficult to convince the Chinese of this because they have always done without such preventive methods, and so why should they commence them now. What does decay matter as long as it causes '10 pain ? Even among the better educated there are many who have.yet to learn how much a healthy mouth will mean to their general health. The work done for the students of Nanking University and Ginling College af- nominal charges will spread the information about the benefits of Preventive dentistry. . Recently we examined 350 students of the University of Nanking Middle School and found only 135 who needed attention to the extent of fP0rn one to three fillings and in some cases extractions. The front teeth W0re almost invariably sound. Out of two hundred boys examined at the Y. M. C, A. not a cavity was found in front teeth. It is true that the Chinese have fewer decayed teeth than Americans although I do not know the reason for this. Even though there is less decay in the teeth Of the Chinese than one W0uld look for, considering their dental methods, there is plenty to do for th0Se who use modern methods. Here in Nanking, a city of about 500,000, there are only three Western trained dentists. In China as a whole there are less than ten missionary dentists as it is only recently that the Mission 68 DENTBTRY Boards have included dentists on their long list of workers. Since this branch of work has been recognized as being in the line of missionary service the practice has been to send a foreign dentist to those hospitals which are located near a large foreign community so that he can serve the missionaries as well as train native dentists. The surface has been barely scratched even in the few large eent6I'5 and not until means are provided whereby more and more native students may receive dental training will the need be adequately met. TAISHAN TU FU Of T'ai Shan what can one say? Here Ln and Ch'i for aye Freshly their youth retain. Here Heaven and Earth unite Spiritual Grace to form : As a pole of shade and light It sunders the dusk and dawn. Soaring through layers of cloud, At sight of it swells the breast. At a glance the eye can view The birds coming home to rest. But climb to the uttermost peak- The other hills seem small As the eye o'erlooks them all. CHINESE SILK HINESE SILK-the words conjure up one of my earliest recollections: l, a prattling child, patting the shimmering softness which grand- mother lifted from the sea chest of sweet odors. Grandmother was lihinking of a romance still living in her heart. I was looking out of the flttie window to see whether that softness were really a piece of the blue ilbove. A score of years later I stood before a good-looking stone building Of three stories and many windows, on the campus of Nanking University. My eicerone, a Chinese student of the University, said in his stilted English, " This-the home of the worm." His words were literal. "The worm," used collectively, included thousands of silk worms fattening on mulberry leaves-and the best leaves too-in a cupboard arrangement of drawers, row upon row, with sides and back of wire netting to provide ventilation. When the taste for mulberry leaves is satiated, the worms will be placed in baskets, or on ropes of straw termed straw mountains, and will be allowed to spin the eoeoons of delicate fiber. When this process complete, the moths are taken out and confirmed under a little metal inverted cup. Here they lay eggs on the provided circle of paper. After the mother moth has deposited her eggs, she is examined under the microscope for pebrine, a protozoan infection which is hereditary and causes immense loss to the industry. If the protozoan spores are present, the eggs are destroyed. Otherwise, the circle of eggs is pasted on a cardboard with nineteen similar circles, and kept, hundreds of them, in a room of regulated temperature until hatching time. Then the cards are put into an incubator-an ordinary Chicken incubator remodelled by the University. This assures the uniform hatching of the eggs, and therefore enables, the worker to care for all the Worms on a given card together, thus saving his time and energy. These processes are observed and largely carried on by students. In addition to the regular classes in serieulture in the University curriculum, a Short course of one year is offered and from seventy-Qfive to a hundred young men come from the silk districts of China, to get the information necessary qeei. . ' 70 CHINESE SILK - to avoid the enormous waste now existing because of disease, of over-erowdingg and of dirty straw mountains among the silk worm farmers. Those of the certi- fied eggs not needed The Home of the VVorm for use in the building are sold in the market to silk producers. Because of their excellence they have overcome the natural distrust of the Chinese farmers for dark colored. cold storage eggs in place of the usual light colored, first generation ones: and even command a fancy selling price, though thefirst egg sheets sold went at 351.00 and SL60 an egg sheet, when the market price was 5510.00 to 2512.00 a sheet. The building itself, as well as a similar one at Canton Christian College. was the gift of the Silk Association of America in 1923. This Association is interested in meeting Americafs demand for silk. Just now. this demand is not met. There is no country whose potentialities for supplying the silk market are greater than are those of China, and perhaps especially the lower Yangtze valley. Increase of production is the real problem. This can be accomplished through scientifically improved processes and equip- ment. The .lnternational Committee for the Improvement of Sericultnrc in China has fathered the investigational work already done. The purpose of the committee is twofoldg to increase the production ofsilk in China and to foster a greater interest on the part of the government officials. Its particular field of labor is this silk region of Chekiang and Kiangsu Provinces. The silk produced in this district is considered the best in the world. The budget for most of the work carried on by the University of Nanking has been guaranteed by this C0mmi'Ul0C- "An interesting industry-but hardly Cl1FiS'0ia1'1 evangelizatioilf' the Grandmother of my infancy would have exclaimed l wonder-what is the relation of body and soulg of economic conditions and spiritual health ? 'isn't bettering industrial life fl Ilfepflmtion of ground for planting the seed? THE LINGUIST 7 I l have watched the spinning of gorgeous silks in huts of stone or mud. Oh homemade looms. whose shuttles click all night when the moon is bright enough to supply the needed light. I have contrasted the rags of the Weavers with the material on the looms. I have thought of the luxurious mansions made gay with these delicate silks. Surely any effort which will help to make possible a higher standard of living, which will help to lift these human souls out of their present sqlnalor and binding poverty, is of Worth in Jesus Christ's program of social salvation for the brotherhood of man. T0 THE CITY OF NANKING L1 Po, A. D. 702-762 Thou hast seen six kingdoms pass away, Accept my song and these three cups I drain! There may be fairer gardens light the plaing Thine are the dim blue hills more fair than they. Here Kings of Wu were crowned and overthrown, Where peaceful grass along the ruin winsg Here--was it yesterday ? the royal Tsins Called down the dreams of sunset into stone. One end awaits for all that mortal beg Pride and despair shall iind a common grave: The Yang-tse-kiang renders wave and wave To mingle with the abysms of the sea. -X xl IQ .1 C x . 5 '53 'S' f-4' -:La Jw. '5- i.. -L... --+1.4.i.. tiki, .- .... --- .r -J -1---- Q, . fl-Tw ' 'I C f .'sf'-."'hgff"'3"lt53S'lf51-""?'f:5'E':'f'ff:s . Q .g.1r2:'3'.f 1 i- i l - iwiijii.-.25 f-:NAN KI G XX: T 1 THB ATHENS .OF CHINA ANKING is a city famous for its schools, lt has always been an educa- tional center, hut never more so than now. lt is our purpose in this article not only to give a glimpse ofthe great variety of schools in Nanking. but also through this, to give an idea of the progress of modern education in China. The schools of Nanking are doubtless better than the schools of most other places, nevertheless, they will give an idea of the standard toward which the Chinese are striving. The old "Classical Schools " where the Confucian Classics were studied are almost a thing of the past. The Classics are still studied, but only as Chinese literature, not as the sole and all sufficient source of information. However, it is rather ai surprising fact that there are perhaps ten thousand children of primary school age still studying the "Classics," A recent survey has located over two hundred and fifty of these schools, and it is estimated that there are at least three hundred of them in the city. Their days are numbered, however, and a few years will sec the last of them g- for this reason if for no other, the old type of teacher is fast passing away. The school system of China has broken with the past, and today the Chinese are adopting the latest Western methods and standards of educa- tion. They have adoptcd a system which calls for six years ot Elementary School, six years of High School, and four years Of College work. This is therefore known as the li-6-4 plan. The El0lN0l1fiLry schools are called i735 74 EDUCATION "Primary Schools," and may he divided into Lower and Higher. The High Schools are called "Middle Schools," and are divided into Junior and Senior. In Nanking there are 120 Government Primary Schools, having il-ll enrollment of about l0,000, These schools are co-educational. although there are a few Higher Primary Schools for girls only. OF course they vary in equipment and efficiency. Some are very well equipped and taught, as for instance, the practice schools of South-Eastern University Educational Department, and that of the Normal School. These schools are experimenting with the "Project Methodl' and the "Dalton Plan." Most of them, however, have to be content with teachers who have had only Middle School education. The subjects of study are modern, and the text hooks very good indeed. There are about twenty Mission primary schools. with perhaps 1,000 students. These schools are connected with the various churches and chapels, or with thc Middle schools, and like the Government schools, they vary in efiiciency and equipment. Of course, the great difference is, that in the Mission Schools the children are taught the Bible, while the Govern- ment schools leave religion out. The Government has six Middle Schools for boys and one for girls. Entrance into these is by competitive examination, and there are many who would like to enter who cannot. For instance, last year The " First Middle School" for boys which has an enrollment of about 600, could receive only one out of every eight who applied for entrance. One of the noteworthy things of the "Junior High" of this Middle School, ig that it is organized as a whole into a scout troupe, and there is 9, Scout Muster on the faculty giving his whole time to his " troupe," Beside these, there is a Normal School for boys, and one for girls, Qthe only Government Middle School for gll'lS,-enrollmgnt 30095 an Agricultural High Schoolg and a Technical High School, teaching electrical and mechanical engineering, and the Middle School of South-Eastern University, which has an enrollment of about 500. Because of the lack of room in the Government Schools there aw about twenty private Middle SGh00lS fm' boys and there is one private Middle School for girls of the Chinese living in Java. The Mission Schools, by rights, Ollgllt to have bee!! given first, as they were the pioneers in Western Education, and blazed the yvay for thc, THE LINGUIST 75 Others. There are seven Mission Middle Schools, four for boys and three fOr girls Christianity believes in the education of women. Of the boys Schools, the largest is the Middle School of the University of Nanking, Which has a splendid plant, and an enrollment of about 400. The been number of boys in Mission Middle Schools is abouaeoo, the wen Humber of girls about 450. Taking them as a group, the Mission Middle schools are better equipped, and better taught than t-he others. In speaking of Middle Schools, we must not overlook the American High School " Hillcrest." It helps to solve the problem of how American Children may be prepared to enter American colleges lt ishnot a very large school as yet, but it draws its students from a wide territory around Nanking. We turn new from the Middle Schools to the institutions'-of higher learning found in Nanking. At the head of the Government educational System stands South-Eastern University. which is considered by many to be the best Government University in China. There are about 1000 Students here in the University, of whom eighty are girls,--a new thing in China ! The Business 'Department of the University is located in Shanghai, and has about 400 students. The University oHers work in over twenty Departments, and grants the degrees of B. A. and B. S. Beside South-Eastern University there is a Government Law College with about 200 students studying Chinese and Western Civil Law and Jurisprudence, the VVaterways Engineering College, and a Naval Academy. As its name suggests the Waterways College is training men to deal with the water way problems of China,-flood prevention, canal upkeep, and the like. In the College are about l-50 students who have been selected by competitive examinations. The work of this College is of very high grade. The Naval Academy is at a very low ebb due to political troubles and has only thirty students. The Christian Educational work is headed up by the University Of Nanking for men and Ginling College for women. The University of Nanking is described in an article with that title. Ginling College is an "A" class women's college incorporated under the Regents of the University of the State of New York, thus having the right to grant the degree of A. B. The present facility numbers 26, including three on furlough, with 100 students, more than SOM, Of Whom are Christians. 76 EDUCATION .ln September 1923 the college opened work on its new campus Of forty acres, and seven of the proposed fourteen buildings. are already completed. At present, all the instruction, except in the Chines0 department, is given in English. The Nanking Theological Seminary is a union school of about twenty years standing. It is situated on a beautiful campus, and is very well equipped. The student body now numbers about 1125 The Episcopal Church also has a Theological school here with about 30 students. The Bible Training School for women has an enrollment of about 80, and its purpose is to fit the Chinese women for religious work. These young women are from thirteen provinces, and seven Mission Boards. As we look over this list of schools with their " new education " we see certain new tendencies in Chinese education.. We note that there is il change in regard to thc character of education, and to the character of the educated man. The old educatioirlaid the whole stress on training the mind, and ruled that the scholar must not turn his hand to do anything useful. The long finger nails of the old Chinese scholar were both a proof of the fact- that he did not use his hands, and a' sign of the way manual labor was regarded. Today vocational and technical training occupies il large place. In fact, the reason for the Junior Middle school was to make it possible to give vocational training to those who did not expect t0 take higher education The ideal all the way through,-no matter how poorly it has been carried out.- is to fit the pupil for work,--truly this is a new thing in China, and a much needed one, Another tendency is the stress that is being laid on athletics and physical exercise in the schools. Chinese boys are beginning to play basket ball, tennis, association foot ball, and the like. School leagues are springing up, and the competition grows keener. This, too, is the sign of a new and more healthy day. V Two other modern tendencies are seen in the stress laid on the Study of English and the education of women. English has Come to be it business necessity in many cities, and those having a speaking knowledge can readily find positions. Besides, much of the knowledge of the world is locked up in English, and is only fltfflillable through a leading knowl- edge. The student and the busi116SS 111311 alike Want to study English. CCo1zcluded on page 1383 mCU'?"'Y AND S'l'UD IEN'l' BODY, 1923-1924 t Q - OUHYEAR AT 5 A ' if 5 ',,5i.J.'.:-I 1 wi" " i n ? A J MWA lil ? LANGU E SCHO OL 5 llgfnf "Ng Ki el K aim . s.., '1a- M.,- October second. This yea1"s members of the Language School gathered for the first time- about a hundred strong Happy congratulatory words were spoken by President Bowen of Nanking Universityh-also a serious, sobering Warning against wearing the mask of imperialistie arrogance, so naturally assumed by all Anglo-Saxon people. Then Chia Sain Sen, the head Chinese teacher, addressed us with efferveseent sparkling words OfWClC0lI1G. Our Dean, Miss Leyda, translated for the benefit of those wholly uninitiatcd in that sibilant sound-the Chinese language: and our laugh echoed that of t-he second year students. H. f Having become acquainted with our three " heads," we students were ealled on to arise in turn, and enuneiate name, denomination, preparatory W0rk, and, most distinctly of all. particular fad. "The world is so full of a number of things"--tennis and perambulators, bloody wars and-I wish l were able to enumerate all the fads mentioned that morningg just to startle that possible reader who still worries over the narrow inter-psig of the missionary. . l think, as we stood to be dismissed. we all felt to some degree the responsibility of the new work upon which we were entering, and some- thing of the sat-isfaf-tion and the eomradeship that the coming year would bring us. October sixth. Three weeks after we had begun the stflfllllous task of acquiring new Words, the powers decided to give us a holiday. The second year students C779 78 TI-IE YEAR agreed to show us how to climb Nanl4ing's pride and glory. Purple Mountain. We set out,-a cavalcade of Hfty riekshas. Behold us as WC parade through a narrow Nanking street, with the populace lined up Oll either side. as we trail, ,snake-like, over the army drill ground, and out through the Taiping ga tc through the I X . city wall. We were very green, and 1 V :Q - f "- i . " -fi very fresh, but "them were the i Q fi' 1lH'yS," for every new sight or sound 1' A - - or smell was vivid with novelty. , lVe had a long hike, good weather i and good company. It is a most agreeable mountaing you can freeze I on the north side. or roast on the south side as suits your fancy. There is a view too far-spread for il kodak to hold. After a rest, we slid down the other side of the mountain to the quiet of the pines in Spirit Valley. Here under the shadow of the old temple we lnnehed. surrounded by Chinese who were much interested in what we ate and - . I w how we ate it. Then back t0 Finn Sain ben v . Banking by country roads! Home at last, we put the kettle on. for hot water is very essential in the comforting of tired, stone-worn feet. October sixteenth. "I move the nominations be closed." followed by " Wlill the nominees please leave the room" wel'e favorite sentences on this morning. Then your friends were free to tell of your merits or dcmerits, your temper. or your ability to extract the filthy luere. But without much discussion or undue exposure the following officers were elected to serve until the January term with the exception of the Linguist staff who were elected to serve for the year: Mr. Gordon Curtis-President. Mr. lt. IilUllflI'dSOIl'-V1.C0 Presidenl. THE LINGUIST '79 Mrs. Hamilton-Seerelo1-y-Ql'r0asa1'er. Mr. L. YV. Holland--Editor'-imChief qf the Linguist. Mr. L. T Helfricli-Business Manager of the Linguist. Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Davis! Circulaiioin Mcmagers of the Linguist. ' . October seventeenth. - . Our instructions were to be at the Shen Tseh Men station in time to take the 8.40 .-x. M. train for Lungtan. armed with fluid and solid stimulation Sllffieient to last us throughout the day. The preparation of. our lunches, Which was the pleasure of our respective hostesses, was sueeessfulg but our Own effort to master the Chinese language suliiciently to communicate to our ear- Flilge drivers and rieksha men f' W ODI' anticipated destination 'VM . V fs Wil-S not an entire sueeess. V, Two of the carriages rolled i merrily off to Han Si Men, in seine remot-e corner of the City. missing the 8:10. After leaving Lungtan, we Covered rapidly the five miles . l M t ' to the base of the mountain. ' Fume mm mn After that. much of our time was spent in thinking of lost breath and blistered heels. We were greeted at Bao Hwa Shan by Dr. Karl Reiehelt. who has spent many years studying and working among Buddhist priests He invited us to sit down, find our lost breath, drink oceans of Chinese tea, and eat our .lunches for which we had eannibalistic appetites, and to Which Dr. Reiehelt added various Chinese dainties, such as xvatcpmclon Seeds and wafers which looked and tasted very much like gold fish food. Bao Hwa Shan is one of the four monasteries in China where Buddhist Pl'ieStS may DHSS '0hF0llgh their novitiate. They follow a eourse of study in the ancient books of the library, and undergo various ordealg, Such as it daily beating with split bamboo rods. We were led from one room to llnothrr, each presided over by its special Buddah, or its thousands of Buddhas, until we would not have felt surprised if the person next to us turned out to be one. After our tour of inspection we were again shown 80 THE YEAR the hospitality of the plaee in the form of Chinese noodles, the eating Of which was boldly attempted by all, but 1 know of no one who will admit that he enjoyed it except IJr. Corpron, who at that time lost any reputa- tion he may have had for veraeity. On the way Clown the Mountain, we passed Miss- lieyda and NESS Bowne. who had chosen a beautiful spot from whieh to admire the view- 'lfhey called to us that if we reafrhed the station on time, 1he train would surely be hours late, but they forgot to mention that if we were HW minutes late a Chinese train would just as surely be ahead of time. S0 they continued to admire the sunset! And the last local of the evening came in on time. We boarded it in a very downeast mood, having left Conversation the funds neeessary for flagging the Sliangliai express. Our instruction to everyone in Lungtan. Chinese or foreign, were to treat them kindly and return them to us. They turned up 0VOIlfllfLlly, tired, blistered. and happy, like the rest of us, October twenty-second. "Good morning! Please sit down. What is your honorable name? Where is your honorable home?" and you were plunged into your first conversation with a private teaeher. You were glad you were sittillg down because your knees shook strangely, and your head was in a whirl. You tried to remember just why you had eome to Ching, and whether THE LINGU1s'r 81 lflu meant you or me. .But the teacher was very patient while you struggled to regain your eomposure. At the end of the period you marveled at your progress. Mentally you wrote a letter home to your family and your board telling them confidently that a whole year was ml1Cll too long to spend in language study. October twenty-third-twenty-sixth. Much interest noted in the tennis tournaments, especially in the mixed doubles. Strange, isnlt it, that both men and women play betferalone. October twenty-seventh. As you made the final adjustment to the mask that completed your disguise, and followed a ghost boldly down a long Clark hall, you knew you were a missionary Who feared nothing, but you weren't quite sure that you were glad you had 00Ine. When you stood outside a door A from which issued shrieks and screams, you began to think of the things left Undone at home, and wondered whether you fought to stay. Then the door Opened, and you were pushed in.. ltattling Chains, utter darkness, a sudden lurehing it Q- into something wet and elarnmy--you Sereamed too You weren't at all sorry t0 be piloted by another ghost into a Strange world inhabited byfreaks, elephants, black cats, Harlequins, goblins, and It real livo mummy. Queen Tut-tub Gateway at Ming Tombs herself revealed facts that you thought were dead, and east a rosy halo over the future. The set seemed to be an Iowa corn field. As you walked the lfraves erunched under your feet. But the erowning event was the eating Of a real American apple, skin and all. Now you know that Halloween in China is more fun than at home. October thirty-first. 'l'he first meeting of the Bachelors Defense League, organized by the i'unolaimed masculine blessings" of Nanking's missionary GiF0l0S, was 82 THE YEAR called for Sunday morning. 'But members of the "restless sex" decided that such a meeting was both unealled for and unfair, with the following result: Entrance to Ming Tombs Tl1e members of the bachelor ilk At the home of Mrs Lowdermilk, On Sunday morn did all agree To feast on waffles and coffee. They scarcely had attacked the same When to their dazzled vision came Fair forms of grace and lovvliness, Each arrayed in beauteous dress, These in the maimer all sylphs have, Sweet perfumed floral tributes gave To each assembled bachelor, And then The leader of the lovely band, Standing with document in hand, Began to praise these gallant men For courage that was shown by them, Resisting as they had so long, The charms of women, wine, and song. THE LINGUIST 83, She did not wish their hearts to vex With notions of the gentler sex, But felt she must make clear and plain The stand a woman must maintaing That their idea of government By women, was for women meant, And they would wage unceasing war As long as there is a bachelor. Yet all was said with so much grace, Bcguiling looks, and smiling face, Our heroes were disarmed quite. Their conscience could not stand the thrust, And each man thought applaud he must. And still the orator, the while, By many a glance and winning smile, Could ne'er o'er come the sad impression Begot by these vamps in succession. These visions fair of face and name, They vanished quickly as they came, Leaving the bachelors to deplore That they might never see them more, At least in such a strange attire. Ladies, if these words you see, We grant you complete victory. November third. With six of its seven new buildings completed, faculty and st-udents installed therein, and the work of the year well launched, Ginling College opened its doors to friends and neighbors. During the four days of the opening. thousands of Chinese and Europeans passed in through the gate and out again,-rich and poor, old and young, Stlldelit, merchant, and official. The lirst day saw the formal dedication ceremony, with civil and military oflicials ensconced in state upon the plMf01'I11, and college pI'0SiCl6I11GS and faculties in gown and hood lending dignity to the academic pr00GSSi011. To one whose mind was attuned to visions of the future, what lb vast 34 THE YEAR significance was lodged in this occasion, fruit of years of patient planning and endeavor! With a thrilling consciousness of their deep significance one joined in the words of dedication ending: "0 Spirit Divine, Inspirer of all holy thoughts and purposes, to Thee we dedicate all that we have built, and ask thee to use and bless it richly for the education of the women in China." Ginling College November sixth. Meig's Hall Tuesday At Homes were initiated most delightfully! Some of the single men-perhaps because they are scarce this year--.haI-dly dared venture into the "Forbidden City " where " single lady missionariesi' live. Those who were bolder than the rest agreed to come again, and there weren't any brown bread sandwiches or eocoanut cakes, or rocks to be found at six o clock. Meig's Hall has the best cock ever, November twenty-first. ' Have you heard that this old world gets smaller and Smaller? This morning Mr. Homer Rodheaver Whom We all associate with the Billy Sunday Campaigns at home, was 6 guest at OUP Chapel serviee, and Sang for us. One song was in Chinese, perhaps it was Cantonese, or perhaps there are some words we do not yet know. But there was only one language when he played the "Holy Cityi' on the trombone, THE LING UIST S5 November twenty-second and twenty-third. Dr. Karl Rcieheltfs two lectures on Buddhism in China gave us more enlightening facts to add to the store acquired on our trip to Pao Wah San. November twenty-fourth. Before the bell rang at eleven o'elock dismissing us for the day, the Sound of horse hoofs on the drive, and thc tapping of the ricksha bells told us that our convey- i aucos had arrived to carry us to Shen Si Men. There we Were to begin our hike to the Twelve Caves. There eouldn't have been a more perfect day, clear, cold, with a crisp wind blowing from the west. For- eigners were not an everyday occurrence in that country be- hind the hills, for every doorway was crowded with curi- ous eyes, and the children called after us, "Foreign Devils, Foreign Devils." The twelve caves are famous in this province for having sheltered the wife of 21 former emperor from the piercing rays of the summer sun. VVc found 86 TH E Y EAR theln interesting natural phenoulena, whieh the Buddhists, whose sense of an effective setting rarely falters, have converted into shrines. Ill one a tiny pool lies hushed under its arch of rock. We saw emerge from it a gray, thin-bearded priest, in his hand a hasket, for he had been straining its clear water of fallen moss-leaves. lfrom. one you can elimh up through the mountain to a tiny high oriel, and look across the paddy fields to where the Yangste serpentines its yellow length. The view was worth the hike, but strangely enough, eold roast duek. buttered hread. and hot cocoa get their share of praise. Getting Material for the Linguist, November twenty-ninth. Turkey 'Day and a Holiday December fourth. Keen Memorial Library Day was observed today for the first time, Many of us who have had f1'i0lldS ill the Language School had looked forward to fellowship with MF. KGCH. Though that could not be, we have felt his spirit present in the school. c0l1V0.Y0Cl to IIS by the students who knew him, and the faculty who were his Comlmfllolls- We therefore appreciated the opportunity given IIS to aid in furthering his ideals for the institution which he founded. Dr, Bowen told us during THE LINGUIST 87 the service of the morning, the history of the Language School and of the personality around which it grew. Mr. Gillette spoke of Mr. Keen as a friend. 31450 was pledged toward the fund. The committee was ready with il list of books to bc ordered immediately. Future classes will also have the pleasure of helping to establish this growing memorial. December sixth. The Linguist is beginning to seem a reality. Today the staff had a Satisfactory husincss meeting, followed by a most satisfying 'tChinesc Chow " at the University Middle School. " Pete " Richardson had consider- able difficulty in manipulating his chopsticks, resulting in writer's cramps and an unappeased appetite. but we have faith in his ability to improve, if enthusiasm has any merit. December seventh. Some of us took part in the original play 'fUncle Remus and Aunt Jemima at Home," given for the benefit of the Nanking Foreign Hospital. The Community Center was crowded with the town's four hundred foreign- ers. They had been told to expect a good laugh, and they got it. Aunt Jemima, a typical blacky inammy, was giving Uncle Remus a " buffday dinnahfi The conversation of the guests was full of local hits which were thoroughly enjoyed by the audience. Some of Uncle Remus' remarks which he accompanied on his guitar follow: Doctor Bowen wanted to have some fun. So he got him a dawg, an' he got him a gung All day long hc shot an' shot- Onc magpie was all he got. Doctor Hoover got him a dentist's kit. He hung out a sign an, on it writ. " I'll fix yo, teeth without any pain ',- .Brudcler Annanias come to life again ! Of all good razors you can bet De best- of all hit am Gillette: lf it wasn't so " barberousf' hit'd be funny- He shaves you clean an' takes yo' money. 88 THE YEAR Doctor Price was er preaehin' from er pulpit high, Exhortin' us sinners up to de skyg Ebery time he'd hit us again, Doctor Hutcheson yelled " Amen !" The spirit of the negro was shown through plantation melodies and negro spirituelles, closing with the haunting phrase, "Lord, I want to be a Christian in my heart." The result of the evenings hilarity was not only four hundred hearts made lighter by laughter, but more than five hundred dollars added to the budget of the Foreign Hospital. December eighteenth. Dress rehearsal of the Christmas play! Certainly the shepherds were gorgeous! The first shepherd wore Bobby's Roman scarf for a head dressg Dr. Earl's bathrobe made a lovely wise man's gown, solnebody's Master's hood put the final touch to Mr. Bear's costume as Rabbi. The ensemble was excellent, even though one Bethlehem woman carried a waste basket on l1er shoulder in lieu of a water jar. And the Chinese they spoke was remarkable. We hoped the teachers would understand it, even if we didn't. December nineteenth to twenty-first. There are several days at Language School, We're likely to remember. I'll tell you now of two of them ' Which happened in December, The first I'd like to tell you of Was Examination .Day- Not a pleasant memory, I think li hear you say. But it really wasn't quite as bad As we had thot 'twould be. Tho if we hadn't studied. V We would have been up a tree! V We had to write a story, As read by Mr. Wong. It only had one hundred words S0 it wasn't Very l0Ilg. THE LINGUIST Of course we used phonetics In writing our Chinese. A composition we had to write, " One hundred words, if you please The second day we had exams. Two things we had to dog To make a speech in Chinese, And to read some Chinese too. And then exams were over, Such happy folks were we. For all things now were ready For our annual Christmas Tree' At two o'eloeli our guests arrived. It was a pretty' sight, To see the teachers with their wives, And the kids in colors bright. The first thing on our program Was a little Christmas play, Given by the first year students, Of the very first Christmas Day, When the Wise men and the Shepherds To an humble stable came. To see the Baby Jesus, And to praise His holy Name. Then the teachers took the platform And invited us to see, The eleverest of littlc plays- You should have seen Mr. L00 Then the beggar and the amuh Were very, very fine-A Indeed, all the characters VVere splendid in their liIl0- And when the play was over. We had o11r Christmas TF00- Then all the little children Were as happy as could be. 90 THE YEA R For they eneh one got an stocking, Full of things for them to eat. And they clapped their hands and tluinked us For such a Christnms treat. A Some of our l'hrishnus Guests January second. Vacations are grand institutions. hnt it is rather alnrniing hon' mueh Chinese one can forget in ten days. Today the second term began, and we, the October Class, proudly spoke of ourselves as "old students " for the Junimry class of newcomers introduced themselves. We could tell them feeliugly, "All the beginnings are hard," but "there is nothing under heaven an earnest man need fear." January fifth. Szrturclay Prayer serviee ilmugurated for our teachers, over half of whom ure not Christians. January eighth. One wandering into school a hit earlier thnn usnnl on the bright morning of January eighth. might have been surprised to see some evidently serious-minded people engaged in decorating two chairs with red THE LINGUIST 91 festoons as if preparing for the arrival of very important personages. The flil' of mystery pervading the classroom was intensified by the little hearts Sally scattered about on the lines where usually the phonetieiscd new Words of the day rest in solemn dignity. What did it all mean? It was all quite clear when Dorothy Lloyd and Deacon Helfrich arrived together. The Meigs Hall girls could not be restrained from bursting into song, the lloise of which was only exceeded by the popping of a great bunch of Hreeraekers which Lao Ton carried through the classroom, the sparkling end to a truly momentous and joyous occasion. V an 5 lil! W 'l 3 an i - i January ninth. Big day! Character writing begun! Given ten or twenty assorted lines, make a word. When you realize with sorrow that one w21YWfll'd lille changes big to day, you understand at last why yOU S0 Often found Hflwbhel' man 's collars in your laundry at home. ' January tenth. Today the class decided to use class funds t-0 Pl'0VidG 8, volley ball court and ball especially for the teachers who are becoming lllcfeilsingly interested in out door sports. ' January-eleventh. With the new year came new officers, Who? Read and know. 9:2 THE YEAR President-lllr. Richardson Vice-Pres.-Mr. Prior Sec-Treas-Miss Spicer Committees: Prayer Calcnclm'-Miss Oliver Chapel Leaders-Mr. Plummer Social-Mrs. Bear Hikes-Mr. Peterson Music-Mrs. Curt-is Worlc with the Teachers-Mr. Follett Athletics for M en-Mr. Womeldorf ,, for Women-Mrs. Peterson January twelfth. A very rare privilege was extended to the Language School when we were invited to sec how silver dollars are made in China. Vile were the guests of the government at the mint i11 Nanking, and a wonderful place it is. There are big machines, little machines. crude machines, and delicate machines, hundreds of them, all having a part in turning out Yuan Shih Kai dollars, which are 88.924, silver. We saw the silver rolled in long thin bars ready to be cut into dollars by machines that worked so quickly we wondered whether we were still in China. The most delicate work was done by the machine that automatically weighed the finished dollars, and sorted them. We all changed our dirty coins for shining new ones. January sixteenth. A luncheon was staged today at the Middle School for all Linguist contributors. People wielding chopsticks can make much food disappear in a short time, though there is a marked cessation of conversation during the stunt. A shifting of attention may mar the delicate balance ofthe tool in your hand. Afterward Mr. Wang told jokes in Chinese, and the Linguist got a boost forward. January nineteenth. To complete the introduction of Language School to the January class it was necessary to have a picnic. S0 after lunch the whole student body got into carriages and with the new students as guests drove to the Ming tombs. THE LINGUIST 93 After visiting the buildings near the tombs and playing games we climbed the hill which marks the grave of the first Ming Emperor. Up here We had tea and were entertained by the honor students in the Christmas examinations. , sm.. , -, ,mln Approach to Ming Tombs February first. n t'On to Pekin! " Everybody begin to save coppers! Sell old shoes that pinch! Pray for clear weather! February second to ninth. Chinese New Year Vacation means many iirecriwkG1'S, lantern displays, and dragon processions. February twenty-third. We were too patriotic to let George W'aShiHSl5011,S birthday 80 by Without doing something hilarious, so we had fl Teeky Party- There ere parties and parties, but to this one we went in OUP very worst Collection Of old clothes. Meigs Hall turned out en masse te represerlt lest yearns missionary barrel. Who sa-id clothes made the mall? There never was more laughter at' any party. . 94 THE YEAR March tlrst. The school visited Nanking's model prison, and a model prison it is indeed, for cleanliness, the teaching of tradcs, the possession of hospital facilities for the sick, and the general plan of reformation rather thall punishment are emphasized. March sevc nth. Everyone was out for the volley ball game between the teachers and the girls! .Bobby had plenty of strength, Mary her usual form. but everyone rooted for the teachers who didn't need it, winning two out of three games. March eleventh to fifteenth. Dr Frank Rawlinson. editor of the C'lzii1es'c Recorder. lectured to the student body for two periods each day on "Some Chinese Religious Concep- tionsf' An hour of general discussion followed. Dr. Riawlinsorfs long years in China and his varied contacts make his information very valuable. Every day. Four minute speeches on " Travel- Seen at the 'l'nf'l4y l'1U'iY ing to Pekin made Easy." 'March twenty-first. 7:30 A. M. OIT for lfeking, bedding rolls, lunch, old clothes, high hopes, fat poekctbcoks, lingering memories of examinations,--all actually off for Peking. From Hsiakwan we ferried across the Yangtse to Pukow, where the private ears that were to house us en route to Peking were sidetracked. Two third class cars with seats along the side for twenty people, can hold forty-five each, on occasion. VVc defy anyone to find at more comfortable seat than the S0ft Side of a pu gai. On the dot of 10 lx. wi. the whistle blew, and we were off without even an " all aboard." It THE LINGUIST 95 t00k several hours to become accustomed to the jar of the train, though by 11:30 there was more than one cry ef " when do we eat?" The tea-boy kept us supplied with hot water, heated on a portable charcoal stove, With which we removed some of the recently acquired dirt about which 'at this stage of the trip we were somewhat concerned. 7:30 P. M. was bedtime. There was much excitement amid the unrolling of pu gais, and many repetitions of the tune, " where am l. going to sleep." To feel comfortable coiled up on inadequate floor space is an aft. It is to be deplored that we had not practiced sleeping on the floor at home in preparation. 13 f' 1 , v f . March twenty-second. One day nearer Peking. We know each other very much better than we did: proof, we recognized each other after the dust-storm--aye, even Oonvivially performed our ablutions in the same lJi1SlU- WG arrived in Tientsin too late to be attached to the passenger train. but that made no difference, for we gaily trnndled in on the gud of a freight. March twenty-third. h The first glimpse of Peking was received just as the Sun was rising- Before us passed a camel caravan withall Shaggy and moth MUCH- but bound for what lands of mystery. - 96 THE YEAR Since it was Sunday, the day was full of rest. and bath tubs full of h0f' water. ' March twenty-fourth. ' Morning. First to Coal Hill to look out across the city, and to acquaint ourselves with the city, to peep over the wall onto the shimmering yellow roofs of the Forbidden City. 'Then to Pei Hai and the imperial pleasure grounds about the lake that Kubla Khan drained. We wandered among the rock caverns, and found the colorful Dragon screen, alone and perfect before the ruins of a forgotten temple. T Afternoon: Our destination was the Temple of Heaven and the Altar of Heaven, that mounting pile of chaste marble where thc Emperor went yearly to take upon himself the sins of his people, and petition for their pardon. Words are mere shells in describing its terraced balustrades, the brilliance of the blue tiles, and the ancient trees that hang over its encircling rosy walls. Early to bed was essential, but the bedsrwere as hard as the floor of the car had bG8l1. Somehow we didnt seem to fit. Gordon Curtis decided to sleep on the floor on his pu gai, and he claims the floor was softer than the bed. i Tuesday. p Morning. The Forbidden City was entered by a gate that swings wide open only on special occasions, for it is inside this wall that the deposed boy Emperor lives in seclusion. Within also is a million dollar collection of Chinese art-jades, lacquers, bronzes, and potteries of delicate design and fashioning. We left the gold-green spaciousness of the Emperors throne room, awed by its magnificence. Afternoon. 'iThat's where my money went" for at Mrs. Stewart'S home there was a bazaar where Peking wares were in display: beads, brass, silver, fur, Mandarin coats, and linens. Wednesday. Morning General Feng's camp was invaded by automobiles carrying 150 foreigners, including students from the Peking Language school. The camp was a model of cleanliness and industry. We appreciated the Gencral's courtesy in meeting 113 P0I'SOlmlly. THE LiNeU1su7 97 Afternoon. The Lama Temple was most depressing in its atmosphere of gross superstition and decay. In contrast, the courtyard of the Confucian Temple, with its magnificent lirs and tall tablets on which are indelibly carved the Confueian classics, gave us a sense of rest, refinement, and reverence. Thursday. Early in our school days we read about the wonder Wall of China, built centuries ago to cheek the invasion of the Tartar Horde-s. The mountains at the Nankow pass are -rugged and strangeg we rode donkey- back to the foot of the wall. When we stood at the gate where the camel Caravans pass, and looked into Mongolia, there was no certainty in us that it was actually ourselves having this undreamed of experience. Friday. Morning. ,Lantern Street, .Bead Street, Brass and Silk Streets will never be forgotten, for there we left much hard-earned f ?l money in exchange for lovely blue and gold lanterns, would-be jade, and finger bowls. Besides, it was loads of fun to bargain. Afternoon. President Tsao's reception was just a tea party, for the gentleman did 11ot appear in person. Excitement ran high when, following this party, the Peking Language School volley ball teams played our teams, resulting in victory for Nanking in both the men's game and the womens game. - In the evening the usual nulnhcr of pedlers came to the hotel: -'I sell you cheap. Proper goods. First priceug and later "NO 02111 ll0- No make money," but he would cut the price in half just the same. Saturday. As early as 8:30 tl1e automobiles were filled with f0lliS wld food. The Summer Palace of the Emperors was first visited. Entering through the Usual gate in the high rose wall, there stretched before us a lake of exquisite coloring, jade green and blue, except where the Wind tossed up laces of white, or where a duck carelessly flwted. O11 One side are the 193112106 buildings, with their sparkling tile roofs, and the most exquisite Of temples crowning all. Near by is the perhaps '500 famous marble boat. We tore ourselves away to visit the Jade F0l1U'GPil'l, the Temple Of the Sleeping Buddha, and the Western HillS-all reached by a paved road 98 THE YEAR over which travelling was so comfortable that we might have been at home. - Sunday. Rest, and packing for home. Trunks weigh more, suit-cases are bulging, and bundles and packages assume odd shapes. Monday. The rap of the bell boy on the door was insistent. We dimly recalled that the train left at 5:45 It was remarkable that no one was cross at that unearthly hour. But there was a tragedy. Dr. Woodbridge, who had been talking all week about "my little boy, Didi, and my dog Pete," missed the train and was compelled to ride in luxury on the ' Blue Express " Onr two special cars were parked at 'lfaianfu while we slept peacefully. Tuesday. Up early in preparation for ascending Tai Shan, China's sacred mountain. There are 6700 stone steps to climb before you reach the summit. However you may be carried up the mountain in a chair of wood and rope, made first, it is said, in Abi-aham's time and never improved on, for it was perfect in the beginning. The View is unequaled, and the beggars and pilgrims along the way are of ever-varying interest. Late at night we were again attached to a train bound for Pukow. Wednesday. Sandwiches began to go begging. We even forgot to try to remove a layer of train dust, because we were nearing Nanking. That meant bed and real food, and to Dr, Woodbridge. " Didi and my dog Pete " An unforgettable experience for only 55 l5 Mex. railroad fare! Much credit is due the committee who made the arduous job of traveling in China a pleasure, and who planned an itinerary both balanced and comprehensive. Thursday, April second. What is Chinese? lt doesn't seem possible that we could forget so many W0rds, and character writing is a vague memory. Here's to the Midnight Oil! THE LINGUIST 99 April third. Hang crepe on the Bachelor Defense League's door, for another man has broken his vows Do you know "Barney Google "? Fit these words to it. Now there i s One more victim That love has called away. One more victim ln. the matrimonial fray. First 'twas Deacon caught by Dot, Now ,tis Leslie, different Dot. Goodbye, Leslie. We knew you would not stay. liemeinber This year's Leap Year. And the custom everyone knows. And we wonder, which ventured to propose. Was it in thc garden said? 'Mid cabbagcs and roses red ? K Poor old Hillcrest- has lost one teacher who knows. We've still got Shi fen Willie, The Chinese character King Ralph and Douglas have not yet purchased a ring. Who will be the next to fall? There will probably be none at all. Goodbye, Leslie. We knew you that WOU1Cl foll- A DAY AT SCHOOL 8:30 Loud ringing of the bell and the hurrying of the girls fI'0I1J Meigs Hall warn the late corners that chapel is about to begin. 8:30-21:00 Chapel-lead by students or gll0S'US- During the yew' each student is leader at least once- Following chapel, announce- ments-of business. engagements, or birthdays. 100 9:00- 9:40 9:40-10:25 10:25-l0:40 10:40-11:20 11:20-I I 159 I I :59-12:00 I 2:00-2:00 2:00 2:00-2:03 2:50 3:10 3 : I 0-4:00 THE YEAR Mr. Chia gives the day's new words, explaining their mean- ings with words already in our vocabulary, accompanied by illustrations and many comical actions. - ' A . Half the class reviews the new words with Mr. Lee while the other half reviews with a private teacher. Many polite phrases are interehangecl, and our tones and sentence constructions are corrected. Recess. You may play baseball, volleyball, or ping pong, or merely sit and think. Marked reluctance in beginning the next period. The 9:40 period groups are reversed. Conversation classes in groups of ten meet with one teacher. Laughter, elaborate politeness, and remarkable illustrations are in evidence. Much looking at watches and listening for tl1e Drum Tower gun announcing release and food. This period may be omitted or extended several minutes for no American watch has ever been able to keep 'Drum Tower gun time for a period of 24 hours. Luncheon and naps, or review for that character writing test which materializes every few weeks. The bell rings. Students arrive. Mr. Wang has review with first section. Your private teacher asks whether you've eaten lunch and is greatly pleased if you ate Chinese food Recess as in the morning. 2:00 period groups are reversed. We'1l call it a day! After Christmas three afternoons a week are devoted to character writing instead of review of the new words. " THE HU TZI HWEl" q'rHE MUSTACHE CLUBQ In the spring a 'young mans fancy lightly turns to his mustache, fthe blooming thing is useful too for straining soup and hashl: so the men THE LINGUIST 101 of I-Iwa Yien Hsieh Tang formed a Hu-Tzi Hwei, swore theyid let their razors rest until the first of May. Ah, what expectation filled the heart of Womeldorf 5 time grew long, but not his whiskers-so he cut them off. Oh perfidy, what tragedy, with Pete our leader gone! And yet we feel he's prettier than with rose-red Hu-Tzi on. And can it be that Hsih Fen Willie too has fallen for lace, that he should call the cat to lick the whiskers from his face? And Plummer feared a buffalo would take his "Hoot" for hay, so he could not keep the thing until the first of May. And Gordon Curtis cut his off, but this by our choice, lest at Easter through his Hu-Tlfzi he should strain his voice. All the other Brother- Hooters acted on thc level, and let the hairs run riot, till they looked just like Robinson Crusoe. OUR WORK OUT OF SCHOOL The permanent residents in Nanking must sometimes wonder whether the privilege of being an Educational Center and the proud possessors of a Language School is not one for which they have to pay rather dearly. When every year a crowd of young and exuberant wouldfbe missionaries descends upon them and almost every home is invaded by one, two, or even more "unknown quantities," missionaries in Nanking must sigh, I Should think, for some more obscure and humble Sp0fl3 though if they do feel this way, no hint of it ever escapes them. And Yet every Cloud has its silver lining, and even the swarm of new and exclusively English- speaking missionaries has it-s uses, as the many and various 11C'0iVities of the Language School Students out of school bear WHGHGSS- The sole accomplishment of being able to speak 01155 native tongue has its uses, and many teach classes in English at the M. C. A. and Y. W. C A, and elsewhere, while the fact of being unable to sing Chinese hymns does not prevent one from being able t0 Play the piano while others sing. Other services too can be rendered in some fashien without a very extensive knowledge of the Language, as those Wh0 have flttfiflded the Scissor's Alley and other Clinics have diS00Ve1'ed, while dlllllh Show is not the least effective way of conducting 8' Class in hyslcal -ECh1C'li3i011, which lends itself more easily to this method than to the more Pli10SOphi- cal studies. 102 THE YEAR Then again there are a good many Chinese in Nanking in the various schools Whose English is sufficiently good to attend Bible classes taught in English, which gives us another opportunity of helping to justify our existence. The demands for all these and other kinds of work have not been infrequent at the Language school which acts in some measure as a recruiting station for those who have a job a-begging. We learn much from these first opportunities of service in the land wc have come to serve, and are glad to feel that we can render some small service to the city that gave us such a warm welcome and treated us so kindly during our first year in China. THE EW DEA Q Mr. S. J . Mills, the Dean Elect of the Language School, was bgrn in Chine and with the exception of the years spent in Europe and Ameriga while in High School and College, has lived and worked in China. all his life. As an educator he spent eight years es teacher of Pedagogy and 1zSychology and was later connected with the work of The Chinese Student lolunteer Movement During the last three years Mr. Mills has been Superintendent of the Fn Dong Community Church of Nanking which is achieving remarkable success in becoming an indigenous Chinese Institution. He is certainly wcll qualified to direct the work of the Language School because of his technical training and his fnlrnilifirit-y with the Chinese, 4 103 D THE U IVERSITY OF NANKING , 'DUCATIONAL work carried on since 1888 by various missions in ' iNanking formedvt-he nucleus from which grew the University of Nanking. In 1910 was effected a merger of higher schools conducted by the Christian, Northern Presbyterian, and Northern Methodist Missions. At the present time the Northern Baptist and Southern Presbyterian Missions are also co-operating members of the University. . The year following its establishment, the University of Nanking was granted a charter by Regents of the University of the State of New York. 'But although the scholastic standard must be maintained according to Ameriican regulations, and while graduates of this institution receive a diploma from the Regents of the University of New York, the fact that the Uhiversity is a school in China for the Chinese has not been overlooked. The principal divisions outlined by the Chinese National Board of Education for elementary and secondary schools have been followed, so that the grading of students corresponds to that in other schools of thc land. i Thus, a student entering the Model School, which comprises the .LOWGIl and Higher Primary Schools, may pass into the Middle School, through the Junior College. and to the College of Arts and Science, all a part of the University. Besides the departments mentioned, there are the College of Agriculture and Forestry, the School of Education, in connection with which the Model School was originally started, the University Hospital, which has the reputzition of offering the best 11ll1'SC,S training course in China, and the Department of Missionary Training. lilnlike most of the colleges and universities in China all the classes in the Selnior College are conducted in .English and as a result the graduates have ino difficulty in being accepted for graduate work in American Universities. Religious Education is apart of the required work of the University and about one hundred students made definite Christian decisions last. year. i f 104 J Qin LINeU1s'r 105 The College of Agriculture and Forestry, in addition t0,0H6IYlllg llfnfltical agricultural courses, maintains an experiment station and is 'lffing work of value in the culture of cotton and in serieulture., The College has received official recognition and support from the- National Department of Agriculture and Commerce, and from the governors of SBVGII provinces. Last year S675,000 QGoldJ was allotted to the Depart- 'nent by the United States Government from surplus funds of The American Committee for China Famine Fund after the Chinese famine of l92l. This money is to be used over a period of ten years in working out and applying measures of famine prevention. Experts are now at work marking surveys of rural conditions, educating farmers in improved methods of production, and fostering the planting of trees on banks of rivers to Prevent future floods. ' ' Q, V 1 ""'lbiWh.-.. "m'mf-e-- . ' 1 X . . .' JJ' ."" 'I , 'VW 'Y "' .,-vii i ' 1 K i, .V I ' m 'I' 'M 'mm ,t s nuns , ' -,'-N - 'I , " . ,,' f-- --"Sa , J ' ' '54-3 'f.- - . ,.l"Rf t5Eg5iffit:Z"3ff'.1"'ffE1yqrm7:ssm-wig . - v M g f- -as ' 4p,,,,,5:.'mfQ ,.Qw,',5 1 - -fs- " :.'s.z - tZ+'rHu.s2:a.,v" ' ' Part of the University of Nanking The Department of Missionary Training, commonly known as the lfibnguage School, became a part of the University in 1912. It had been begun in Shanghai the year before by members of twenty-seven soeietics 'luring the period of missionary inactivity owing to the Chinese Revolu- tl0n. Soon after the school had begun, Rev. CIIHIICS S- Keen, who was to be the Dean, went to America to spend twoyears in studying the bGSt methods of teaching language. Largely as a result of Dean Keenfs labours, Over half a hundred Chinese teachers have been frfrined to I-'CWC H W01'liiHg knowledge of Chinese through systems of instrUCtl0U 9fPPI'0Ved by the best educators. Students are first taught to heal' tlln HOW H0l1nClS correctly, 'l0Xt to speak the sounds, then to recognize the written Symbols, and finally to write the characters which have already b0COn10 fflnliliar to the UY0. After each day's new words have bPCn given Owlly and then clinched by the use of phonetic symbols, native teachers, Whfl fl'lW21yS Speak in Chinese, explain the words, use them in varied connections, and before the day of class drill and private teacher sessions is finished, they SUCCGOLI in 106 THE QNIVERSITY OF NANKINQ getting the students to use the words in direct thinking without recourse to mental translating. We of the Language School are proud to be connected with the Uni' versity of Nanking, for with its high standards of scholarship and its great plans for enlargement of service, it ranks among the leaders in Chin6S0 education ' LANGUAGE SCHOOL CALENDAR The work of the first term begins o11 the first of October, 1924 at 8:30 A. M. and students who expect to enter the fall term should be in Nankillg before this date. Students are also admitted for a beginning class at tht beginning of the second term on January fifth, 1925. VVork at 'Dill' Language School in Nanking ceases on tl1e 18th of June but the fil'St year's work is not completed until after the finishing of the summer course. The work of this term is done by the students singly or in small groups with teachers furnished and directed by the dean of tl1e Language Schovl- This term lasts from July first to August 28th. Mail to students should be addressed to the .Language School, Nanking, China. General information for students arriving in China will be placed with the manager of the Missionary Home in Shanghai about Septemlwl' first and mail received at tl1e Language School for students before they reach Nanking will be sent- to them in care of the Missionary Hom?- Students should not come on to Nanking until the Language School of members of their mission have been notified of their coming so that housing arrangements can be made. Correspondence relative to the Language School should be addressed to Mr. S. J. Mills, Dean, or Miss Bertha C. Smith, Secretary, Department of Missionary Training. University of Nanking, Nanking, China. WHAT SHALL l BRI G HALL I take this to China. or shall I leave it behind? If this question arises in your mind-and it will, many times-our practically Unanimous advice is "Take it." "Bring everything you have and can induce your friends to give you " is an excellent motto. The time has Passed, however, when one needed to bring a seven year supply of clothing and household articles, for nowadays it is possible to Secure almost all kll1dS of foreign merchandise in the larger cities such as Shanghai and Peking, and many people regularly buy by mail from America. The following attempt at a digest of our sundry experiences has been made for t-hose expecting to come to central and northern China. FOR WOMEN Be sure to bring: Woolen stockings: Chinese stone floors are cold. A heavy sweater. Heavy underwear: there is no steam heat, and all wool or silk and wool will not be too warm in winter even if you never wore woolen garments before. Rubbers: at least one or two pairs, but not more, becil rate at which rubber deteriorates. Bring galoshes SUFO- Dress hats: those bought here are either VCFY UXPGUSIVG use of the rapid or show unmistakable traces of their origin. Watch ribbonsg a supply of other ribbons is also Useful- All your old clothes, A dress pattern that lits. Wool dresses: at least one or two. Knit cotton underwear. Wool bloomers or knickers . Hairpins, safety pins, coin mon pins, and dl'0SS UCCCSSOIWUS' 1 . , Cfltton underwear :-such as chemises, slips, etc ' can be bought or made less expensively here than at home. l 107 J ' 108 WHAT SHALL 1 BRING Hairnets --fcan be purchased in Shanghai. Peking, or Nanking at a l0ll' price. - Shoes: if you have several pairs which fit, they can be copied very well bl' the Chinese Shoemaker. These Chinese-made shoes seldom have quite the style or fit that foreign-made shoes have, and they are pr0I19 to squeak. Summer dresses :-are made by Chinese tailors at little cost, although they require close supervision. Cotton dresses brought from home should be made of materials that will stand the sun and frequent washing' Dress materials :-can be secured here, but the choice is limited. Fur for coats and trimmings :---is comparatively cheap. A Umbrellas: foreign umbrellas are better brought from home, but Chinese umbrellas are cheap and very satisfactory and can be easily replaced' Itaincoats: oiled silk raincoats can be made here 5 their only disadvantage is that they are likely to carry the scent of the oil for some time' This wears oil' eventually, however, but if you can, it is well to bring your raincoat from home. Stockings:-a fairly good brand of Chinese silk stockings can be secured here, and cotton ones are to be had in Shanghai ,It is no mistake' however, to bring along a good supply. Handkerchiefsg cotton are sold everywhere, but linen ones are 111076 r scarce., FOR MEN Be sure to bring ' ' Woolen socks and heavy woolen underwear. A heavy sweater A raincoat and o11e or two pairs of rubbers. Galoshes Worn suits: they can be turned here giving them new life. All alterations on suits are best made here too-, as tailoring is cheap' Shocstrings, collar buttons, ruff buttons, etc, - Wool suits and ovcreoats are 11121110 VCl'y cheaply here, but it is Well to haV0 one or two that fit as they should, to serve as a pattern, White clothes including tennis hats are better made in China. THE LINGUIST , y me Shirts, owing to the low cost of tailoring, are also cheaper here. A good Stock of American collars is carried in Shanghai. S Neckties purchased here are satisfactory. h06s: see the list for women. FOR YOUR HOUSE . BB sure to bring Blankets and bed linen, bed springs and mattress. Glass fruit jars Silver ware and aluminium cooking utensils g other kil1tlS C011 be S00l1I'0d here. ' Plans and measurements for household furniture. Pictures: either framed or unframcdg if unframed they can be finished in most large cities here more cheaply than at home. Q With the possible exception of stoves all furniture can be gotten here to good aduantage. , MISCELLANEOUS. Be sure to bring A supply of sewing mat rialsg buttons, thread. needles, tapesf l'00kS and eyes darning thread, etc. A steamer rug Plenty of books, not forgetting some of the lighter sort. A metal hot water bottle l A camera and a tennis racket. Hiking sh0cS- Other things that are useful A supply of toilet articles: if you are 11013 going to be mlm' Of living in a large city :-soap, toothpaste, etc. . A supply of stationery and Christmas Cards: Chlmlse PEPPGV 15 'Wt bflfl for typing, ,but it takes ordinary ink very Poorly- A Victrola with as many records as you Cfbll Wing- ' Chinese Cllllflrml . . . . - ' 1 in pai-t1cular love tlns lilllsic-0SP0C""ll5' Jazz- no WHAT SHALL I BRING Plays Chinese can act. Musical instruments of all kinds. A shotgun: hunting is a favorite pastimeg field glassesg golf sticks. Rifles may be brought into China only by securing permission from your Consul beforehand, but if you own a rifle, it is worth gfvlllg to this extra trouble to bring it with you. WHAT SHALL l READ Unfortunately many of us reach China with only the vaguest and most general knowledge of her great civilization. We are ignorant. not only of the language, but we are also unfamiliar with her customs, hel' history, her literature, her art. Often we are lacking even in the mOSlP rudimentary understanding of the social and political problems that arc to be faced, and some, too, have never taken the time to inquire closely into the tenets of her three religions. Such unfamiliarity handicaps 0110 from the beginning, and it is hoped that you, who may some day follow Us to China, will profit by our brief expcrience. The books listed below have been chosen with the intention of providing an introduction to some of th0 phases of Chinese life and 'with the wish that each one may continue f0l himself along the lines in which he is most interested. Acknowledgment is gladly made to the various bibliographies of books on China which have been submitted for the Keen Memorial Library, Bashford, James Whitford China: an Interpretation ..... Abingdon Press. 1919. The best general book on China. Backbouse. E. and Bland, J. O. P. Annals and Memoirs of t-l10 Court of Peking lfrom the 16th to tllf' 20th eeuturyj ..--.- Houghton Mifflin. 1914. A picture of the life and intrigues of the Imperial Court during the Ming and Manchu dynasties, China Educational Commission Christian Education in China: a Study and Survey ..... National Christian Council Committee of Reference and Counsel of the Foreign Missionary Confeienee, 1922 Revell, l922. 'PHE LINGUIST I 1 I Chu, C. C The Chinese Theater ..... Translated from the French by James A. Graham ..... London, John Lane, The Bodlcy Head. 1922. Clcnncll, Walter J. The Historical Development of Religion in China ..... London, Unwin. 1917. Ferguson, J. C. . Outline of Chinese Art ..... University of Chicago Press. 1919 Giles, Herbert A. A History of Chinese Literature ..... Appleton. 1901. A comprehensive survey of Chinese literature from the beginning, particularly useful as a guide to the further reading of transla- tions. Hodgkin, Henry T. China in the Family of Nations ..... Doran. 1923. A sympa- thetic study of modern China in its .relations to the rest of the world. Latourette, Kenneth S. H The Development of China ..... Hought0l1 Mifflin- 1920- A brief and admirable summary of Chinese history - Morse, Hosea B. The Trade and Administration of China ..... Lollsmfwli Green- 1921. . Richard, Mrs, Timothy Chinese Music ..... Shanghai, Presbyterian Mission Press. 1907 Taylor, Dr. and Mrs. Howard T. Hudson Taylor and the China lnland iss I Q Work of God ..... London. Morgan and Scott- 191-3. the story of how interior ' M' i011 The Growth ofa A great missionary biography and China was opened up for missionary work- Werner, Edward T. C. China of the Chinese ..... Pitman, 1919. - A discussion ofthe actual conditiol IS in present-day China. Mildred Baile Charles F. Peterson A LAST WORD F what .has been brought together in this-volume of the LINGUIST h11S helped any one to better understand the people and needs of this great country we feel more than repaid for our ellorts. Most of us are amateur writers but we have been impelled to do this job by the saII10 motives that brought ns to China and we hope you may catch. that spirit- So many have eooperated in the publishing of the magazine that it is hardly fair to record the names with their titles of editor, staff member, contributor, and the like. for the combined work of all has been essential to the completion of the magazine. Such a list cannot be complete for it is impossible to mention all who by advice or inspiration have helped tv bring the magazine to you. Special acknowledgement must be made to Mr. James M. Plumer of the Chinese Maritime Customs whose ability as an artist has been given without stint to the making of the drawings for the cover and illustrationS that add so much to the attractiveness of the magazine. The Mission Photo Bureau of Shanghai and the local Brownie Photf' Company gave us access to all their pictures, many of which appear 011 our pages. H W STAFF, CONTRIBUTORS, AND OTHER WORKERS Y . Mrs. James E. Rear James E. Bear Emeline Bowne ' I Minion L, Byrus, ,-lssocmtc Editor' Emily l. Case . Douglas S. Corpron, Plmtographcr William C. Cumming - Gordon A. Curtis Mrs. Gordon A. Curtis ' Harold E, Davis, C'z'rcuIntL0n Illanuger Mrs. Harold E. Davis, Cfircalalion ManaH0" Leroy D. Earl, fl8-Sililfllll B'll-9i7ll!.4.9 lllmzuger M. Leslie Hancock E. Harrison Hamilton Mrs. E. Harrison Hamilton L. Trevor Helfrich, Bit-YSIIC-9.9 Nlmzflgdlf Leland W. Hol'and, Editor in Chief Lydia A. Koebbe, ' Karl M. Kreutz Dorothy C. Lloyd, Edfitorirll Smji' Doris MacKenzie Miriam E. Null Irma R. Ohl 4 .ll Mrs. Charles F. 'Peterson James M. Plumer, Art James C. Plummer, Ed'll0l'illl Slajf Mary H. Phillips ' R. Howard Porter Frank W. Price Roy J. Pryor Robert,P. Richardson, Editorial Stuff Horace G. Robson ' J Robin Slessor . lfertha C. Smith, Editorirzl Stag? lava D. Spicer, Editorial Staff Helena G. Van Vliet . f 1?u1Plj W. Watts, T7'CH19ltT67' I Lmelme L. WVelsh M135 Laura Wild lfnuline lVisegarver GUUPQG R. Womeldorf, Editorial Staff MPS- George R. WVomeldorf Wang Yao-Tfing Mary B. Wloodg Frances R. lVoodruff 2 l " -qw wg' QQ r. ,-,4 ,TIM , Q. . uSr'Q,Ii,v- ' wang - -4 'mf 1 ,. -'iii n . ww' Tk , ing,-vw iw. 1111661 IO FIDVCPUSGYS American Drug Company American Express Company American Oriental Banking Company Bridge House Hotel Brownie Photo Company Carlowitz 85 Company Chinese American Publishing Company Chinese Optical Company China Press Commercial Press Publishing Company Dah Yih Company Dental Supplies Company Evans, Edward and Sons Gee Shing Fruit Shop . Heng Kong Company Hip Seng Company Ismer 85 Company Korean Mission Cloth Company Kwan Fall Yuen Company Lee Zung Chong Company... Mac Tavish 85 Company Mission Book Company . Mission Photo Company Mustard 85 Company . N anking Dispcnsary Nanking Emporium . Nanking Photo Company Nanking Store Nestle and Anglo-Swiss Company .. Pan Chuan Chong Rose, Downs, 85 Thompson Seng Chun 85 Company - Squires Bingham 85 Company The Texas Company Wah Fung Company . Wing On Company .. VVee Wee Company .. Yangste Hotel Zee Van Shang 1 114 5 Page 148 158 165 122 150 1 168 146 132 128 136 162 124 .. 132 154 Back Cover .. 152 138 111 164 120 152 144 126 Front Cover . 156 1 6-1 115 1216 0 uw. 4 118 140 116 160 142 118 160 130 156 154 11262 GOI1lm0Di12iC5 of F1UV6I'1I156If5 'Banks Books and Stationery. .. Boots and Shoes Department Stores Dental Supplies . Drugs . .Dry-goods .. Dyeingand Cleaning Engineering and Building Supplies Fruit .. -Furniture .. Hardware Hotels Jewelers... .. Laces, etc. Milk Products .. -Newspapers . .. .. .. 'OptioalSupp1ies Photographs and Photograhio Supplies Provisions and General Merchandise Publishers Roofing Materials . Sporting Goods 'Tailors Typewriters . .Zeiss Lenses, Optical Supplies, etc. 4 115 9 Page 158,165 124, 128, 144 1 168 154 .. .H 130,160 148. ..- Us ..- .U .. H. 122, 162 156 138 118 140 132 164 136 156 152 116, Back Cover U 0. ..- ... on ..- .H .H .U 116,126,150 136 2 132 146 152 162 128,168 142 160 U 118,120,154 .. lFront Cover 1 116 LINGUIST ADVERTISEB I Have you any Prints made by- I Nanking Photo Company? l Telephone : Address i I No- 1082 A----4-+L-Q-:++--M 23 Changkinlou Q Nanklng We develope films Free of clmrge. We do prompt and eflicient service. 1 We take very Moderate Price. lVe will not, clmrge for Postage. Special Attention given to Mail Orders E E SENG cl-IUN al co. 1 l i 5 CA1295 BROADWAY, sx-IANGI-:An r E Extend to you cz Cordial Welcome! Let our E l i l l 5 I l i. fr 5 aSffJi?f0lU Qnczwn uclfk I i colon 6FOSS:Sfl.!6A:' g l ,jfgnflgmafle Lzacesi N" " """""'A-' -' Q' F l Lyacqueff glfff! isfflfgl' lifrigfl- 1 X, Llfrfensq 5m6noirle1fies, eic., l I A nn' f 'A""N" ' Ti Drove to you the worth of the Chinese artistic taste. i so We are manufacturers. l Wholesale and Retail Dealers. i 'ful Ig-5 N1 Emeline Bowne. .................................................. . V-tif id! SQ Cameron A. Carter ............................................... . 'THE LINGUIST 117 THE UNIVERSITY OF NANKING DEPARTMENT OF MISSIONARY TRAINING Student Rosters ' RESIDENT STUDENTS--SCHOOL YEAR 1923-1924 C4 Classesj 1. CLASS ENTERING OCTOBER 1922 Massachusetts General Hospital, R. N. Medical, Anlcing, Anhwei. American Church Mission Washington Missionary College, A. B. Educational, Nanking. Seventh Day Adventist +51 Mi ffl: Mrs. Mabel Bowen Carter ..................................... Washington Missionary College, Educational, Nanking. Seventh Day Adventist lj, 52 Q Eula Eno ............................................................ Drake University, Women's Medical College of Pa., A. B.g M. D. Medical, Chinkiang, Kiangsu. Methodist Episcopal 11,5 32 152 Justin P. Follette. ...... . ...................... . ..................... Jiamul, California University of California: Drew Iheological. A. 13.5 B. D. Evangelistic, Nanking. Methodist Episcopal Q5 ,El Charles S. Gibbs ........ . ..... , ........................ XVorcester, Massachusetts Bates College: Yale Universityg B. S.g Ph. D. Agricultural, Nanking. Baptist. North ' FS Mi aj: Mrs. Myrtle Aldrich Gibbs ........................... Worcester, Massachusetts Colby College, Yale Universityg B. S. Nanking. Baptist, North E if Irene A. Gehrling ................................................... Cincinnati, Ohio Grace Hospital, Virginia, R. N. Medical, Anking. Anhwei. American Church Mission. MH ,El Q Wilhelmina Kalsbeck .................................... Grand Rapids, Michigan Union Missionary Training Institute, Kennedy School of Miss. Evangelistic, Rukao, Kiangsu. Christian Reformed. ,El .RuthaL. Myers ............... . ................................ Greencastle, Indiana DePauw, Northwestern University, A. B. EilL1GMi0l1Hl, Killliiflllg, Kiangsi. Methodist Episcopal. ' ig LQ If? Orene McElwaine ................................... , ...... Chester, South Carolina Winthrop College, A. B. Educational, Hmlgchow, Chekiang. fl'resbyte1'li111, South. m mi 15: Mrs. Ruth B. Trimmer.. .................. ............. R utledgef Pennsylvania gNew Jersey .State Normal , . LNanking, Kiangsu. Methodist Episcopal- Hili ig Zig Bertha Smith ...... .................................... li Iethuen, MHSSl1CllllS9tt3 Simmons College,.S. B. I Secretarial, Nanking. University of Nanking. Q QQ Q gg Mabel Taylor .................... .. ................................ Cascade, MOIIWIHI gMontana State Normal Collegeg Northwestern University, A- B- LEducational, Chinkiang, Kiangsu. Methodist Episcopal. .....Utica, N. Y. VVashington, D, C. ..NVashington, D. C. Des Moines Iowa. LINGUIST ADVERTISER D y ein g All kinds of cloth-cotton, silks, satins etc. Any color you wish-Fadeless You will find satisfaction in our work Dry Cleaning Have your garments cleaned by us We know how-twenty years of experience in the dyeing and cleaning business in Shanghai. Branch Store- No. 3 North of Drum Tower Wah Fung Co. Nanking PAN C1-IUN CHONG Q Gentlemen's Tailor 81: General Outfitter FF , Extensive Stock of Materials of the newest styles for all Season. ZZ High-Class Tailoring for Gentlemen, ' Military Officers and Students 5 r -th At Sih Chia Slang of Drum Tower NANKING fl THE LINGUIST: 119 ljs 1I. CLASS ENTERING JANUARY H123 Notte Norman Thelle ....................................... Kristiansano, Norway. Christian Mission to Buddhists, Nanking. A Secretarial and Evangelistic. Norwegian Missionary Society. - Cas ar L. XVoodbrid fe ........................... .................. S hanghai, China. 1 I P Sa sera' 38.5.1 H15 ffiwit 7lfll'i1ll HE: fi' Elilfl wi Lili! Will? WIRE iii EBI H112 ZH 511 45- lay is Fa? E -FS IT E :PJ Princeton University, John Hopkins Medicalg A. B., M. D. - Medical, Haichew, Kiangsu. Presbyterian, South. Mrs. Elizabeth NVilson NVoodbridge .................. Baltimore, Maryland II-Iaichow, Kianpgsu. Presbyterian, South. III. CLASS ENTERING OCTOBER 1923. Douglas R. Alston .......................................... : ..... London, England Sidney Sussex, Cmnhriclge University. . Business. Mildred Bailey ..................... .................. I Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia School of Bible. Evangelistic, Yochow, Hunan. Reformed Church in U. S. James E. Bear ................................................... Lexington, Virginia Fredericksburg Collegeg WVashing,:t.on and Lee Universityg Union Theological Seminaryg A. B., A. M.g B. D.g Th. M. Evangelistic, Chinkiang, Kiangsu. Presbyterian, South. Mrs. James E. Bear ...............................' ........... l .exington, Virginia .1'll'Gf101'lCkS17l'l1'Q Virginia Normal: General Assemhly Tr. Sch. Chinkiang, Kiangsu. Presbyterian, South. Electa Berger .................................................... Denver, Colorado Emporia Collegeg Park Avo. Hosp., Denver: A. B.: R. N. . Medical, Siangtan, Hunan. l"1'osbytc1'ian, North. Alma Bertschin .......................................... Les Angeles, California Secretarial, Nanking, Kiangsu. Bihlo Teachers Train. Sch. Alma Brandt ................................................ Appleton, ' XVisc-onsin NVesley Hospitalg Scarritt Bible School, R. N. Medical, Margaret VVilliamsen Hospital, Shanghai. YVemen's Union. Marion L. Byrns ................................................... Moscow. Idahe University of Idahog Univ. of Southern Californiag A. B., A. M. Educational, Changsha, Hunan. Presbyterian, North. Meta L. Connell ................................................ New York City Presbyterian Hespital'l'i-aining Schoolg R. N. Post Graduate Hospital N.Y Medical, Anking, Anhwei. American Church Mission- Dr. Douglas S. Corpron ................................. Yakima. VVashington University of Cincinnatig M. D. Medical, Lucliowfu, Anhwei. United Christian. , Mrs. Grace Stevens Corpron .............................. Yakima. NVnshington University of Minnesotag S. B. Luchowfu, Anhwei. 'United Gln-igtian. E. Louise Cummings .............................................. 'Bl-ooklyn, N. Y St. James Hospitalg R. N. Medical, Anking, Anhwei. American Church Mission. VVilliam C. Cumming .............................. XVilmingfon, North Careliufh Davidson: Union Theological Sem.: 1.'1'i1'10Gt0l1 Sem.j A. 13.5 B- D-2 Th- M Evangelistic, Kiangyin, Kiangsu. Presbyterian, South, Gordan A. Curtis ............................................. Troy, NCW H41mPSlYife Oberlin: Cornell Agricultural College, A. B.5 B. S. Agricultural, Chenchew, Hunan. Presbyterian, North. 130 u.NeUis'r AovE1z.'1'1sErg .gpg:poT1-1 ES z i Satisfaction Assured when 1 y made by p LEE ZUNG CHONG , I i Gentlemen's Tailor 30 years' Experience p Drum Tower NANKING q 1................. ii 1 it MH is IE BH 5 A is E1 ir 4E y JAPANESE TRAFFIC RULES At the rise of the hand of the policeman, stop rapidly. Do not pass him by or otherwise disrespect him. When a p2LSSClJgCl' of the foot hove in sight, tootle the horn trumpet to him molodiously at iirsb. If he still obstacles your passage, tottle him with a vigor and express by word of mouth the warning, "Hi, Hifi Beware of the wandering horse that he shall not take fright as you pass him by. Do not explode the exhaust box at him. Go soothingly by, or stop by the roadside till he pass away. Give space to the f6SbiV0 Clog that make sport in the roadway. Avoid entanglements of the dog with your wheel spokes. Go soothingly on the grease-mud, as there lurk the skid demon. Press the brakes of the foot as you role round the corner to save the collapse and tie-Up. THE LINGUIST 121 ffl Plill li BE zz are rn an if it at at is ia 1151 rr is fi it! 55 5 52 Ill? fill TE Jllll .lil H lf? T542 all Eli 22 Eli il: .ill 3 lit 312 Z9 lliii ZF Zi ali it L12 Till +114 Mrs. Dorothy Curtis .............................. ....Troy, New Hampshire. Columbia University: S. B. Chenchow, Hunan. Presbyterian, North. Harold E. .... ...... Berwick, Pennsylvania. Albrightg Biblical Seminaryg Princeton Seminary: A. B.g Th. M. QEvangelistic,Hunan. Evangelical. Mrs. Harold E. Davis .... . ......... ............ ...Berwick, Pennsylvania. l'Vintlrropg Barnarrlj Biblical Seminaryg A. B. llivangelistic,Hunan. Evangelical. Dr. Leroy D. Earl ................................................ Malone, New York University of Buffalo: D. D. S. Dental, Nanking, Kiangsu. University of Nanking. Mrs. 'Leroy D. Earl ................ .............. ............... M 1 ilono, New York. Syracuse University. Nanlaing, Kiangsu. University of Nanking. Gussie Louise Fraser ................................................ Atlanta, Georgia Peabody Normal, Nashville, Tenn: Assembly Training School. , Educational, Ycnc-hong, Kiangsu. llrcslwytorian, South. Lucinda Gr-ruhardt .......................................... lVoorlhurn, lndiana. lVhea.ton Collezgeg A.. B. Hongcliow. Hunan. Presbyterian, North. 'Freda G irsberger .................................. ...... A lliance, Ohio. Cleveland Bihle Institute Evangelistic, Luho, Kiangsu. Friends. - Angie Haan ................................................ Grand Riapids, Michigan Blodgct-t Hosptial Grand Rapids, R. N. Medical, Rukao, Kiangsu. Christian Reformed. Martha Hake. ................................................ ....... I .eMars, Iowa lVosteru Union College: A. B. Educational.Hunan. Evangelical. M. Leslie Hancock ..... ....... ........................... IN l ersham, Kent, England Ontario A,-zricultural Collegeg B. S. A. Agricultural, Nanking, Kiangsu. University of Nanking. E. Harrison Hamilton .........,.................... ...... .......... A t lanta,Ceorg1a. Davidson College: Union Theological Seminaryg A. B.g B. D. Evangelistire, Hsuchowfu, Ku. Presbyterian, South. Mrs. Estelle M. Hamilton ................................. Susaki, Tosa, Japan. W'inthrop: Assembly Training Schoolg A. B. Evangelistic, Hsuchowfu, Ku. l7reslwyterian, South. L. Trevor Helfrich ............................. . .............. ....Carthagc, Illinois. Harvard University: M. B. A. Carthage, B. A. Educational, Shanghai College, Shanghai, Baptist, North. Leland VV. Holland .......................................... Pasadena, California, University of Southern Cilllf01'l1lR-3 A. B. Erlll0f1ti0l1Fll, Nlllwllllllg, Kiangsi. Methodist Episcopal. Mrs. BernicetM. Holland ................. ............... .... l ? asaflena, California University otlSouthorn Californiag A. B. - Nanchang, Kiangsi. Methodist Episcopal. E. Alethea Hunt .......................................... Cross River, New York. Methodist Episcopal Hospitalg R. N. Medical, Nalllilllg, Kiangsu. University of Nanking. Irene Jeffers .............. .......... ....... ....................... R o a noke, Alabama. S. VV. B. T. S., Forth W'orth, Texas. Master Religions Education. Educational, Yangchow, Kiangsu. Baptist, South, Mrs. Lucia K. Johnstone ....................................... Topeka, IQHHSELS- Chinese Government Salt Revenue Dept. Shanghai, 122 qQontinucclf1'om page 162 The indispensable bamboo gives us the flute and clarionet that are so popular with the street musicians. Wood and even clay are employed to make instruments used in the temple services. The hollow wooden fish serves as a dinner gong in most Buddhist monasteries. The smaller drums and tambourines so familiar in wedding or funeral bands are usually made of snake skin. Reed organs have been in use in China for many hundreds of years. It is said that Kratzenstein, an organ builder from Petrograd, obtained a Chinese organ, and from it the accordian and harmonium of Europe were evolved. YVith all the differences between western music and that of the Chinese, musie is the same in its mission the world around. Music is a universal language through which the Chinese, as all other peoples, have expressed their highest hopes and deepest sorrows. The Blind Troubadour singing his way into the hearts of those who hear, has in his soul the real spirit of music, for Chinese music, like our own, is beautiful only as it brings joy into the hearts of men. In Visiting Nanking stop at: THE BRIDGE HOUSE Warm in Winter Cool in Summer' Hot and Cold Water and latest Sanitary Arrangements l Clean, Comfortable and Good Table, Under Foreign Management I . I THE LINGUIST " 123 Mitt? 215:33 811111193 SBSBE Elllilill 9' whiff Mila liirlwllli HEEL 351352 final! EZIHSEE ii M llflliliilr 1451? Lydia A. Koebbe .....,................................. Grass Lake, lvlichigan. Northwestern Collegeg A. B. ' Educational, Tungjen, Kweic-how. Evangelical. Karl M. Kreutz ...................................................... Madrid, Iowa. Dakota WVesleyan University: A. B. Evangelistic, Yangchow, Kiangsu. Church of God. Mrs. Hazel Kreutz..' ................................................. Madrid, Iowa. Anderson Bible Training School.- Evangelistic, Yangchow, Kiangsu. Church of God. SaraE. Krick............... ..... ..... Reading,Pennsylvania. Methodist Episcopal Training School, Philadelphia, R. N. Medical, Yochew, Hunan. Reformed Church in U. S. Grace E. Leslie ............................................... .Alhiou, New York. Boston University School of Religious Education. Secretarial, Nanking, Kiangsu. Methodist Episcopal. .Dorothy C. Lloyd ......................................... ..-..BfLlUll11Ol'6, Maryland. Goucher College: Johns Hopkins Hospital, A. B., R. N. Medical, Changsha, Hunan. Yale in China. Rachel Mostrom ................ . .......... South Midrllehoro, Massachusetts. Bridgewater Normal, Columbia Universityg Philadel. Sch. of Bible. Educational, Nanking, Kiangsu. Friends. Ada L. Nelson. ......................................... Minneapolis, Minnesota. Des Moines Universityg A. B. Evangelistic, Shanghai, Kiangsu. Women's Union. Clara A. Nelson. ............................................ Minneapolis, Minnesota. Wheaton College, Illinoisg A. B. Educational, Shanghai. Kiangsu. IVomen's Union. Miriam E. Null ................................................... Urbana, Illinois. University of Illinoisg A. B. Educational, Nanking, Kiangsu. I.'resbytcrian, North. Lola O'Day ..................... .................................... C olumbus, Ohio. Office Training School. Secretarial, Nanking. Methodist Episcopal. Irma R. Ohl ...................................................... Bleomville, Ohio. Heidelberg University, A. B. Educational, Yochow, 1-Iunanf Reformed Church in U. S. Cassie Leo Oliver .......................................... Clinton, South Carolina. Thomwellg Grady Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia, A. 13.3 R. N. Medical, Tsingkiangpu, Kiangsu. Presbyterian, South. R. E. M. Patersoll ....................-..........,................ IJOIIC-lOl1, Eliglgnql, Business. Dr. Roger NV. Paul .................................... Los Angeles, California. College of Medical Evaugelistsg M. D. Medical, Shanghai, Kiangsu. Seventh Day Adventist. Mrs. Frieda Paul .......................................... Los Angeles, California Whit-e Memorial Hospitalg R. N. ' Medical, Shanghai, Kiangsu. Seventh Day Adventist. Elma K- Ponnepacker ............................ Pliiladelphia, Pennsylvania Bellevue Hospitalg R. N. Medical, Nanchang, Kiangsi. Methodist Episcopal. . Charles F. Peterson ................... .-----..--....- I ohnstown, Pennsylvania Mt. Union! Drew Theological Seminrlfyi 'A- 13.5 B. D. Evangelistic, Yenping, Fukien. M6f110Cl1S'0 Episcopal. 1 ' Mrs. Charles F. Peterson..................... ...... Johnstown, Pennsy Vlmlfl' Drew Theological Seminary. I Educational, Yenping, Fukien. M6tl10ll1St Episcopal. 124 L1neUis'rpADVERTISEIQ Books for Chinese Students All the following have been specially written for schools in China. Mastery of English.-H. B. Gmybill. Book 1-A Conversation-Reader S .50 ,, II--Reader and Language Study .80 ,, III-Render and Grammar 1.00 ,, IV-Sentence Study .. 1.20 , V-Composition fin Preparationl... 'l'eaeher's Manual for Books I, ll and Ill in press. All described fully in "Getting Results in English Tcnch,ing,'l which will he mailed to you upon request. Good Manners. John V. Barrow-465 cts.J A reader for third or fourth year of English study. The etiquette every student wants to know. Pocket size, durable cloth. English Mastery Tests. J. N. Keys.-Just published. Now in the second hundred thousand. Twelve tests in Vocabulary fA, B, CJ. Grammar Idioms QE, F, G, H, I, J, K, ik Ll and Auditory Comprehension Q0 K Pj. Four others in Silent Reading QS, T, U 85 VJ in preparation to be published in the Spring of 1924. Each test with score card iS cts. for 25 or multiples thereof. Descriptive list sent available to all. Hygiene and Sanitation for China. Viuiu B. .-lpplezon, M.D.-430 cts.j In the National Language. The first adequate elementary reader-test put out for the primary and junior middle schools. Based on the well known Ritchie Purcell "Hygiene and Sanitation for the Tropics." . General Science Laboratory Manual. F. W. M!lb8G1LI1fIlZCG Tsolzf Wu f-40 cts.p In the National Language. Over forty experiments in beginning science taken from Chinese life and forty others of a universal nature-all adjusted to the simplest of apparatus and arranged for the seasons of the year. The hook to be used in the first science laboratory course given to Chinese Students. An English transla- tion is made and a Chinese teacher's manual is in the press. Highly recom- mended by Professor G. R. Twiss, Advisor to the National Association for the Advancement of Education, Practical Arithmetic. Lo King Tuen and H. B. Gmybill.-fClotl1 Sl.60J. The first book to follow the aritlnnetie studied in Chinesein the lower schools. Problems worked out from Chinese life. Business practices are used as found here. Wleights and measures, money and exchange, the elements of algebra and geometry from an aritlnnetical point- of view, are taken up in nn original and thorough way especially needed by students ln China. Answers available for teachers only. Civics. Daniel H. Kulp II-An inductive community study to be made by the class stressing the scientific method of study and the development of a, keen Sense of social responsibility. The text .book is also the notobook, Book 1 cove,-S Recreation, Health, and Protection. ' Book II is on Economics and with Book Qlli and IV is in active preparation. Both books are in both Chinese and English. Book I, 81.35 with strong fibre looseleaf coverg 81.00 without cover. EDWARD EVANS 81. SGNS, LTD. 30 North Szechuen Road 137 Victoria Road SHANGHAI TIENTSIN THE LINGUIST 125 HE Iii 191 Tlli sit E! RE if: Til! it it iii? te lil lit 35 iii tif M145 Seite is llltiflr titty !u1iL+,'i fllllitl 33:5 'Sit itifffi QW 'E H996 MBE Celina, Ohio James C. . Ohio Nliesleyanz Heston Univorsityg A. B.g S. T. 13. Evangelistic, Kiungsi. Methodist Episcopal. nt Prairie, Illinois. Mary H. Phillips ......................................... ...Bur Carbondale Normal, Louisville NV. M. U. T. S.g B. M. T. Evangelistic, Chinlciang. Kiangsu. Baptist, South. R. Howard Porter. ....................................... ...... ........... r X mes Iowa. 'Iowa St-atc Collegeg S. B.: S. M. Agricultural, Nanking, Kiangsu. University of Nanking. Mrs. R. Howard Porter .................................................. Ames, flowa. Iowa State Cellcgeg S. B. ' Nanking, Kiangsu. University of Nanking. Mrs. Frank VV. Price .......................................... Greenville, Virginia. Stonewall Jackson, Assemhly Training Schoolg B. Lit. Educational, Nanking, Kiangsu. Presbyterian, South. Roy J. Pryor ..... ......,... ........... . ......... S t .anford University, California. Stanford Universityg A. 13.5 A. M. Educational, Nanking, Kiangsu. Methodist Episcopal. 4 Robert P. Richardson ....................................... Memphis, Tennessee. Southwestern Presbyterian Univ., Union Theological Sem: A. B.g B. D, Evangelistic, Taichow, Kiangsu. Presbyterian South. Mrs. Robert P. Richardson .................... .. ................. Augusta, Georgia. Shorter Collegeg Assembly Training School. Evangelistic, Taichow, Kiangsu. Presbyterian, South. Horace G. Robson ....................................... Charleston, VVest Virginia. University of Denver, A. B.: S. T. B. Educational, Nanking, Kiangsu. Methodist Episcopal. Helen F. Seery .... ............................................ B ristol Connecticut Missionary Training School, Nyack, N. Y. Educational, Advent Christian. Robin C. Slessor ................................................ Sydney, Australia. Sydney Church of England. Grammar School. Business. Eva D. Spicer .........' ............................................. I .ondon, England Somerville and Mansfieldg Oxford: A. B. London Day Training College Educational, Ginling College, Nanking. London Miss. Soc. Grace Tedford ...................................................... Fresno, California University of California: Colllego of Missionsg A. B. Educational, Nantungchow. United Christian Missionary Society. Dr. Clifford S. Trimmer ............... , ........... Long Valley, New Jersey. University of Pelilisylvania., M. D. Medical, Nellliills, Kifmgsu. Methodist Episcopal. . Helena G. VanVliet. ...........................,......... Staatsburg, New York. Methodist Episcopal Hospital Training Schoolg R. N. Medical, Nanking, Kiangsu. Foreign Hospital, Nanking. Mildred F. XVtLlk6l' ............................,.................. :...Cleveland, Ohio. Secretarial, Nanking. Kiangsu. United Christian. Ralph W. Watts ................................. Baldwinsville, Massachusetts. Fitchburg State Normal. Educational, W'uhu, Anhwei. Amel'i0R11 Cllllreh Mission. Grace YVells ............................................. Tindale, Sout-h Carolina. YVinthr0p, VV. M. U. T. S.g A. B.g B. M. T. Educational, Chinkiang. Kiangsu. Baptist, South. . I Emeline L. Welsh ................................................... Amlwy, Illinois- Western Uniong A. B. Educational, Hunan. Evangelical. -126 wonflinzzecl from page 221 -present at the Christmas celebration, and his teacher, a rare young Christian student from the University, who sensed the boys' needs and -who was really moulding their lives. He wrapped himself about my heart the first time I saw him, pulling a rickshaw in the pouring rain. Only a slip of a boy, hardly higher than my waist although he claimed fifteen years, with a cheerful and winsome face. His father has been sick some time and the financial burdens of the -family fall on Little Tang. He can ordinarily clear forty cents a day after paying riekshaw rent, but a day lost is a dayls food lost .... A ,passerby has bargained with him for two coppers less than a grown runner, and off he goes. Patched blue linen trousers tied tightly around his slim ankles, and on his bare feet straw sandals-pat, pat, pat, pat! Little Tang is supporting the family. THE MISSION PHOTO BUREAU is maintained as a service to help Your particular line of work X We have a file of over 7,000 negative from all parts of China especially 1 selected for Mission use from which you may have colored lantern slides, enlargements fcolored or uncoloredj and prints and post cards made at prices below the usual market rate. Our Lecture Department has Over twenty lantern slide lectures for evangelistic and educational use. These are for sale or rent. Our other departments are: Moving Picture Department, Photo SUPP15' Department, Developing and Pfiflbilier, and an up-to-date Studio. i Send for a price list. Our staff of over 50 Chinese and 4 foreigners wants to serve Yon. l 31 North Szechuen Road, Shanghai l 'THE LINGITIQL 127 2313+132 ME3? -55322 'iilwili BEM!!! 'Uittllil 'iffiiiyia' 'ilillettll 'lik Ilfli 152 'El lilliflif iii? Georgia C. Weist ........................ ..... F indlay, Ohio North Western College, A. B. Educational. Evangelical. Hunan. E. Pauline Wisegarver ................ ...,.. C hampnign, Ill. University of lllinoisg A. B. Educational Methodist Episcopal. Raymond lVomelclorf ....................................... Lexington, Virginia.. VVashington and Leeg Union Theological Seminary: A. B.:'B. D. Educational and Evangelisticg Hwaianfu, Ku. Presbyterian, South. - Mrs. Raymond YVomeldorf .................................... Lexington,Virginia. Shorter College Assembly's Training Schoolg A. B. Evangelistic, Hwaianfu, Kiangsu. Presbyterian, South. Edna F. SVoocl ....................................... Northampton, Massachusetts Smith College: Columbia Universityg A. B.g A. M. - Educational, Ginling College, Nanking, Kiangsu. Ma-ry B. Woods ,..... .......................................... R ichmoncl, Virginia. Randolph Macon, A. B. Evangelistic, Haichow, Kiangsu. Presbyterian, South. Frances E. lVoodruff ........................................... Mexico, New York. Oswego Normal. Educational, Kiukiang, Kiangsi, Methodist Episcopal. IV. CLASS ENTERING JANUARY 1924 Harriet P. Barton ....................................... Beebe Plain, Vermont- Castlcton Normal Schoolg New England School of Theology. Educational. Advent Christian. Mary F. Brenton .......................... ..... 1 'ortlancl, Oregon. University of Michigan: M. D. Medical, Nanking, Kiangsu. Emily I. Case ................................................ ...'..Chicago, Ill. Wellesley, A. B. Educational, Ginling College, Nanking, Kiangsu. Adlai A. Esteb ................................................ Seattle, lVashington. VValla Walla College. ' Educational, Shanghai, Kiangsn. Seventh Day Adventist. Florence O. Hamilton ............................ Vancouver, British Columbia. Vancouver Provincial Normal Schoolg M'Gill. I A Evangelistic, Hangchow, Chekiang. Apostolic Faith 311331011- Pauline Harris ......... .............................. P ittsfield, Massachusetts. House of Mercy Hospital Training Schoolg R. N. Medical, Chokiang. Baptist, North, Minnie E. Huser ......................................... .------ ---'-- P ft 1ld01'EL, 0lli0- Defiance Collegeg A. B. . Educational, Yenping, Fukien. Methodist Episcopal. Mrs. Sara Plummer ................................................... Celina, Ohio. Kiangsi. Methodist Episcopal. Helen B. P1-yor ..... ..................,....... : ..... ..... l i ansas- City, Missouri. University of Oregong University of Minnesota: A. B., S. B., M. D. Medical, Nanking, Kiangsu. Methodist Espleopal. Hannah J. NVilliams ................................................ Lorane, Georgia. Georgia State College for Missions. . - Educational, Anking, Anhwei. American Church Mission. 128 1,INcf1U1ST ADVE11,T1sER 111 11 '11 111 W, ffl 111- 111 111 11- H11 Eli- 11- 'III U, in E9 14 1111 1111114 i??4i?f5?5? -- 111 i 1111- ic 111 111 111 11 51151141 1111 51 11 'El 5932 31 111 5: 111 1111 ic 5: 111 Zia 411 1111 11-1 QE pg 111 111 is UE 111 111 pg E E E E JL 11 5531- WI 2 RL! UL! VL! Hi. 111 1111111 111 111 111 61 111 if1 111 111131-it 42 10 41 1f1 ff1 411 9'f1 lgil EF 111 11151 1111 1111 111 111 1111 lil 11 Zi W, 111 11 1111 1151 1151 111 1 fr: 11 111 1111 1-1 11. 111 111- 11 1111 -111 'ffk 51615 HE E 111 1,1 111111111 E 111 1111 H- Ja 5-in :rum 151 'W 'J +1 - ---+--1--11 :. - 1 : E - - gf? in 31 Ajjdfj ffl if1 :usa 112 54513111 mzftlraznfhza ffs ff1 f11 42 H1 fP H1 ik HI 1151 Q 1m 1111 112 411 11 11 EH 11 W11, 45, li? 511 1111,11,'1,51',i51f1 1 11 2591 11 11 3 ff 11 111111111 -111 111 1181 141 911 ik '11 If 1? ? lid ji 7111 11: Mf1111111111111k1E11i 1:1 1111 1355 1115141 Us 111,15 A r'- 1 - . ' ' 11111 '?' 41 lm 11: 11: - - 11 :. mum 1211 fllglj 111 .111 1111 f1g111111g -111 ffl Ex: A A 11. - 11. - 541 ff: ihfflfflfflfflfflfi! 5? i416?1f15f15f1i:fPff1 141111 D .A ...A ,A nn 95 HI E1 if ?:?5EE'EEEEl3i1?T5iE-'Q THE LINGUIBT 129 STUDENT DIRECTORY UNIVERSITY OF NANKING DEPARTMENT OF M ISSIONARY TRATNING l 912-1913 DP77077l,'i17Gf'i07l Presbyterian, North Arthur, Mr. J. l-I ................ Arthur. Mrs. J. H. qDeeeasedJ "Bailey, Mr. W. E ..,............. 'fBailey, Mrs. W. E ..... . Boone, Mr. W. D ................ Boone, Mrs. W. D .......... "Broadhead, Miss Alma G """Chaney, Miss Florence J ...... Mrs. tSoconyl .......... Clayton, Mr. E. H ...... Clayton, Mrs. E. I-I ...... "Conner, Miss Lottie ..... fMrs. Irwinj Derry, Miss Evelyn T .... ...... "Frank, Miss Marlon F .......... Herschleb, Mr. Charles A I-lerschleb, Mrs. Charles A .... Hyde, Miss Flora A ............. qMrs. F. W. Dletrichj Hynds, Miss Iva .................. Jacob. Miss W. E ................ Kesler, Miss Mary ..... Lee, Miss Mabel L ...... Lee, Mlss Mary E ......... QMrs. E. A. Turnerj "'Lewls, Mr. John A ......... Llllegaard, Mr. G. 0 ...... Loomis, Miss Jean ..... .......... Mayo, Miss Mary ............... McDonnell, Miss Clella E qMrs. Fred Browny Mins, Mr. w. P .......... .. Mills, Mrs. W- P ------ Nasmlth, Mr. A. J ...... tosborne, Miss Olive ............ Pittman, Miss Alma L ..., Rahe, Miss Cora ...,,.,, Roberts, Mr. R. C .... .... Roberts, Mrs. R. C .... .. Baptist, North ....... Baptist, North ....... Presbyterian, North Presbyterian, North Baptist, North ....... .Pres by terien, North. ... Baptist, North ....... Baptist, North ....... Methodist, Episcopal Y. M. C. A ............. Methodist Episcopal Y. M. C. A ............. Y. M. C. A ............. Methodist Episcopal Memorial Hospital . .. Y. VV. C. A ............. Methodist .Episcopal Presbyterian, North Presbyterian. North Methodist Episcopal Norwegian Lutheran Methodist Episcopal Pentecostal Mission. Methodist Episcopal Y. M. C. A. Y. M. C. A. .... . Bapt-ist, North ....... Seventh Dey AUVGHU Baptist, North ............. Methodist Episcopal Presbyteri en . Nflftll Presbyterian , N0l'fll Station Hnngcliow, Chckinng Szecliunn Szechunn 'l'sinn.n, Sliuntung Tsinnn. Slumtmig S. A. Cliughong. Sxechumi Huchow, Chekieng Huehow, Chekining Shuntung' Changshn, Hunan U. S. A. Tsinun, Shentung 'l'sinun, Slmntung Nltnkinpr, Kiningsu Nanking, Kimigsu hvllfillllllg, Hupoh Chinkinng, Kiengsu Nnnking, .Kirmpzsu l-lengt-how. Chckiung U. S. A. Shilnmn, Hupeh Cihengtu, Szechunn Kinngpu, Kinngsu Nmicheng, Kiungsi ,Hu.nliow, Hupeh Hankow, .Hupeh Huchow, Chekinng Slmnghui, Kimigsu Sliaohingiu. Chekiang Chinkiang, Kiengsu Clumgsho., Hunan Clmngslm, Hunan 130 f Continued from page 271 An old missionary approached. I told him I was getting my morning setting up odors. And he replied, " Isn't the air wonderful? Maybe you don't agree with some of the Chinese perfumes yet, but you'll come to recognize them as old friends in short order, and to relish them the way Jiggs likes corncd beef and cabbage." Recently a student in a class in Bible was asked to paraphrase this portion of scripture: "The spirit is willing but the flesh is weak." This future leader of China assisted by the dictionary paraphrased it thus: "The ghost is agreed but the meat is feeble." Another student was asked to give concisely the meaning of our proverb. "Ont of sight. out of mind." This is his answer, Hflnvisible, insane." Another student was asked to deline inonogamy. "In Amerieaf he said, " a man has but one wife. That is what we eall monotony." . WHEN YOU NEED NOTIONS Ann Rmnozvs Tovs, DoI.I.s AND GAMES Boous Ann STATIONERY I-Innnwnnn AND Winn Goons Pxcrnnns ,mn Pno'ro Fimnns Pnnrnnns AND Ton.n'r An'rrc1.ns Pos'reAnns AND B1R'r1InAY Camus Dnvcsoons Asn Iiousierunnisnino Goons and PRINTING OF EVERY DESCRIPTION DONE VVRITE THE VVEE:VVEE COMPANY DISTRIBUTORS OF GENERAL MERCHANDISE 67-72 N.Szechuen Road Shanghai 1 HE LINGUIST Sloan, Dr. T. D ..... Taylor, Mr. W. R ..... ..... Taylor, Mrs. W. R ...... ..... Van Evera, Mr. K .... ...... Van Evera, Mrs. K ............. Van Wagenen, Miss K ....... CMrs. Steven Buggey Vautrin, Miss Minnie ...... Westbrook, Mr. C. H .... 'tWhite Mr. S. G ....... ............ rwmte, Mrs. s. G ....... wood, Mr. K. H ....... Youtsey, Miss Edith ...... "Andersen, Mr. R. A ....... "Andersen, Mrs. R. A .... Chapman, Mr. B. B. ..... . Christiansen, Miss Olive ...... Lutheran Clemons, Mr. Harry ..,... "'Davitt, Dr. G. G .......... "'Davitt, Mrs. G. G ......... . Dennis, Mr. Herbert fDeceasedl Gaunt, Dr. F. P ........ ..... Gaunt, Mrs. F. P .......... Gillette, P. L ................ Goucher, Miss Elizabeth qMrs. B. B. Chapmanl Gowen, Mr. Vincent H .... Hayes, Mr. Egbert M .... Hayes, Mrs. Egbert M .... Hlghberger, Mr.'W. W. Highberger, Mrs. W. W. Hiltner, Dr. Hiltner, Mrs. W. G. .... . fDeeeasedl Hixson, Miss Martha B. Hoy, Miss Gertrude B .... W. G. ....... . Kidder, Miss Anna E .... fDeceasedl "'Knecht, Mr. T. S ....... "Knecht, Mrs. T. S. ..... . Larsen, Mr. N. A.... .. Larsen, Mrs. N. A ....... .Baptist, North ....... .l3aptist, North ....... Dowling, Mr. P. H. .......... .. .Methodist Episcopal 131 Peking, Chihli P. U. M. C .......... ....... ......Suchow, Szechuan ......Suchow, Szechuan Presbyterian, North ...... Hangrhow, Chelciang . Presbyterian, North ...... Hangchow, Chelrinng Presbyterian, North ...... NorwegianMissionarySoc.Yiyang, Hunan United Christian ............ Nanking, Kiangsu Baptist,No1-th ............... Shanghai, Kinngsu Westbrook, Mrs. C. H. CDeceasedJ Seventh Day Advent ...... Shanghai, Kiangsu Seventh Day Advent ...... Shanghai. Kiangsu Seventh Day Advent ...... Shanghai, Kiangsu Methodist Episcopal. ..... W'uhu. Anhwei 1913-1914 Lutheran Lutheran Synod ............' l faneheng, Hupeh Synod ............ Fancheng, Hupeh Wesleyan ...................... NVuchang, Hupeh Synod .... ........ I iwangchow, Henan Presbyterian, North. ..... Nrmking, Kimigsu. Baptist, North ............. U. S. A. Baptist, North ............. U. S. A. Y. M. C. A ................... Presbyterian, North ...... Chenc-how, Hunan ......VVuhu. Anhwei Methodist 'Episcopal ...... VVuhu, Anhwei Wesleyan .................... American Church Missiol Y. M. C. A ............ . ..... . Y. M. C. A ................... Y. M. C. A ................... .vV1lCllfUlg, Hupeh Nanking, Kiangsu 1VVuhu, Anhwei Slianghai, Kiaugsu Shanghai, 'Kiangsu Presbyterian, North ...... Hengchowfu. Hunan Presbyterian, North ...... Hengchowfu, T-lunan Shanghai, Kinngsu Methodist, South .......... Shangliai,Kia11gs11 Reformed Church in U. S ........... ..' ..... . the ......Yochow, lrlunen Presbyterian, North ...... Nanhsuchow,An11wei Evangelical .L .... ....... I I. S. A. Evangelical .... .............. I T. S. A. Lutheran Synod ............ Kwnngchow, HOIHINII Lutheran Synod ............ Kwungchow, Hamm 2 LLNGUIST ADVERTISEIE Z'FiEHi3'E?JE GEE SH NG FRUIT SHOP 7073 gvorfff csizecguen gzoad, Cgxf. SI-IA NGHAI J: iii Ill: U51 Ill H42 HF? 746 H5 41: - ATA O -1- EI Tut enum. :miss lfli IE JC THE CHINA PRESS 5.5 145 H gf. 'gf Z jg is the only American Daily in fit iff jf? gfl' if jg IQ,-5 Shanghai and the leuclingforeign fi , 'L' Q , M I V newspapelr of the Far East in at 'U' FF 7l'l' 'U' dl' iii lin W influence and circulation. l Z ,Hg H El Lp H It nublislies more school aut -'- 4 Q . :A . student news on Scicutilic, 42316 all Uri gk Z lil? H iw' 'L Educational, Sports, Political, W lim ith jig ',ZIj, :ff Jfg ikj Religious, and Social Subjects , ,1 E: g , sm f than any other daily in China. W LE 'll' 335 ull' Spccial rates to Students. HI gig, 55 Jig jj Ai ... wzvreu ITS eozvue FqE,R'ruRgs PFBtQE1EYllZr1J1FlaE?1Q Sample copies and rates on application. dYQl1g+g19nEl1ll9il2li1l5X2 I HE LINGUIST Leach, Dr. C. D ........ Leach, Mrs. C. D ..............,. Lee, Mr. Alan W. S .....,.... MacCurdy, Miss Hattie R McCloy, Mr. C. H ................ McCloy, Mrs. C. H. .......,... . Mead, Mr. Laurence M .... ...... Niles, Mr. Frank R .......... Nipps, Mr. J. W .... Nipps, Mrs. J. W .......,........ Perkins, Dr. E. C ................ Peterson, Miss Ellen Powell, Dr. C. A ................ Powell, Mrs. C. A ............. Preston, Miss Mary ............ CMrs. George Hoody Tootell, Mrs. G. T. ............. . Robinson, Mr. A. G. ............ Y. M. C. A .,....... . "'Sparey, Miss Edna R.: ..... "Tenwich, Miss Anna M ....... Tomlinson, Miss Sada C ....... Wear, Mr. Robert B ............. Wilcox, Mr. F. C .... Wilcox, Mrs. F. C ....... .,..... Adams, Mr. Archibald G ....... Adams, Mrs. A. G. ........... . Ammerman, Miss Helen B.... J ........ 133 Baptist, North ..... .... H uchow, Chekiang Baptist, North ....... ..... . . .I-Iuchow, Chekiang American Church Mix-1sionVVuhu, Anhwei D 1 resbyterian, North ...... Hwaiyuan, Anhwei Y. M. C. A ................... Nanking, Kiangsu Y. M. C. A ................... Nanking, Kiangsu Y. M. C. A ................... Peking, Ch ihli Presbyterian, North ...... Hwaiyuan, Anhwei Y. M. C. ................ Chefoo. Shantung Y. M. C. A ................... Chefoo, Shuntung Methodist Episcopal ...... Kiukiang,1Kiangsi Baptist, North ............. Hangchow,Chekiang Advent Christian .......... Chaohsien, Anhwei Advent Christian .......... Chaohsien, Anhwei Presbyterian, North ...... Nanhsuchow, Anhwei . ..................... .. .... Changtoh, Hunan. .....7l'ientsin, Chihli Baptist, North ............. U. S. A. "Stone, Miss Mabel C ....... ....... B aptist, North ............. U. S. A. Methodist, Episcopal ...... Kuling, Kiangsi American Church Missiox 1Anking, Anhwei M. C. A ................... Yunnanfu, Yunnan Baptist, North ............. Ningpo, Chekiang Baptist, North ............. Ningpo, Chokiang 1914-19l5 Baptist, North ............. Kixttiug, Szechuan Baptist, North ............. Kiating, Szochuan Reformed Church in U. S.Yoc-how, Hunan Nanking, Kiangsu . 'fBanta, Miss Frances Irene ....................................... 'Barlow, Dr. C. Herman ...... Barlow, Mrs. C. H ....... ...... Beck, Mr. Karl H .......... ...... "Dane, Miss Laura E. ...................................... . "fDarst, Miss Margaret M. .... . 'kDavenport, Miss Dorothy ...... De Jong, Miss Nettie R ....... Dunkelberger, Miss Sadie ...... fMrs. H. E. Vossy Gish, Mr. Ellis Preston ..,.., fDeceasedJ Hagman, Dr. G. L .... .. ...... . Hagman, Mrs. G. L ............. "Haist, Miss Virginia E. Hamilton, Mr. Clarence Hanson, Mr. Victor ............ Hanson, Mrs. Victor ............ Baptist, North ............. Shaohsing, Chekiang Baptist, North ............. Shaohsing, Chekiang Refor-medChurch in U. S. Shenehowfu. Hunan Nanking, Kiangsu .United Christian ........... U. S. A. Presbyterian, North ...... U. S. A. Presbyterian, North ...... Clnmgtoh, Hunan Evangelical ..... .......... Ynhsien, Hunan United Christian ............ Nanking, Kiangsu United Christian ............ Nflntungchow. Kiangsu United Christian ............ Nantungchow, Kiangsu .......Anking, Anhwei 'Untied Christian ............ Nnnking, Kiangsu Baptist, North ............. Shanghai, Kinngsu 13llI5t'lSt',NOl'tll ...-.. ....... S lmnghai, Kiangsu 134 Q Continued from page 64j stones placed one upon the other. Before the farmsteads, women might be seen threshing out grain by grasping the sheathes and beating them over a stone rollcr placed in the center of a small clearing where the clay had been beaten down smooth and allowed to bake in the sun. More often two or three women would be swinging their wooden flails rhythmi- cally in turn as they beat upon a pile of straw. Primitive methods? Yes, but what impressed me most was the stupendous amount of human labor. And yet as I sat watching from that car window, I found growing within me a tremendous respect for this great land and its people. As an agriculturalist I was witnessing methods and practices which these oldest of the world's farmers had been led to adopt through the experience of many centuries of sternest necessity. I could see not a square foot of land that was not being put to some intensive use. China--where there are more miles of canals than there are miles of railroad in the United States, enough in fact to stretch forty times across our great land from north to south and sixty times from east to west. China-whose rice fields equal in area our wheat lands, whose annual rice crop is nearly three times our wheat output, and still these same rice fields produce at least one and sometimes two other crops each year. China-the land where one is never for a single moment out of sight of a human being, living or deadg Where seven out of every eight people are toiling in the soil in the desperate effort to keep soul and body togetherg where human labor is the cheapest commodity to be found. A As I tl1ought of this, is it any small wonder that I felt a longing to be out among them-to help in the great work of unbending the backs of these toilers in the soil, to lift their eyes from the dirt of the struggle for existence. that they may stand erect and look out with clear-seeing eyes upon a new world of knowledge and their brother-men--and, perhaps, may even "look up and see thc stars? THE LINGUIST Herriott, Miss Grace... H Hoy, Miss Mabel Ruth ........ Mrs. Nicolai Kaier W Hunt, Miss Faith A Kennlngton, Mr. T. W. Kennlngton, Mrs. T. Lacy Mr. Carleton,... Lankester, Mr. Ronald F .... Mead, Miss Frederica R .... QMrs. W. G. Hiltneri Miller, Miss Elizabeth J ....... Myers, Miss Mary E ............. Niebel, Dr. B. E ................ Reisner, Mr. John H ............. Reisner, Mrs. John H ..... ..... Schaefer, Mr. Roland T ....... Schaefer, Mrs. Roland T ....... Smith, Miss Harriet Newell... Search, Miss Blanche T ....... Sayles, Miss Florence ............ Short, Mr. Samuel M .... ...... Smith, Miss Clara Belle ......... "'Towne, Miss Edith ............ Woods, Miss Velma E .......... Walker, Miss Elizabeth ...... Warner, Mlss Florence M .... +Barcus, Mr. 0. F. .... . Bliss, Dr. Theodore... Bliss, Mrs. Theodore... +Blunden, Mr. H. M .... Brittaln, Mlss Ruth M. 'f'Brown, Mr. R. J. .... .. Collins, Mlss L. B. ...,. . Craighill, Mr. L. R .... Davenport, Mr. D. E. Davis, Mr. C. H .......... Day, Mr. C. B .......... Dieterlch, Mr. F. W .... Fay, MF. H. V ......... .. F1-edericks, Miss Edith ......... French, Miss H- M- Gardner, Miss M- M ---- Mrs. L. R. Craighill Garrett, Mrs. F ..--.----- "'Glascock, Mr. C. F- Hale, Mr, L, L ........... ...... Presbyterian, North ...... Oakland, Calif. Reformed Church in U. S.Kristianu., Norway Methodist Episcopal Advent Christian .... Advent Christian .... Methodist Episcopal Church Missionary Soc.... Presbyterian, North . Nanchang, Kiangsi Chaohsien, Anhwci Chaohsien, Anhwei Shanghai, Kiangsu Yunnanfu, Yunnan Shanghai. Kinngsu Reformed Church in U. S.S1l0ll01l0XVf.l, Hunan Reformed Church in U. S.Yochow, Hunan Evangelical ............ Presbyterian , North Presbyterian , North .Methodist Episcopal Methodist Episcopal ...... Baptist, North ....... Methodist Episcopal Methodist Episcopal Evangelical ......... Methodist Episcopal Presbyterian, North American Church . .. University Hospital Nanking Univ. Hosp. 1915-1916 American Church... American Church... Seventh ,Day Advent ...... Methodist, South .... Seventh Day Advent United Christian ...... American Churoh,,, Seventh Day Advent Seventh Day Advent Presbyterian, North Methodist Episcopal fAuhurn, N. YJ... Methodist Episcopal Presbyterian, North American Church .... United Christian ...... Methodist Episcopal Liling, Hunan Nanking, Kiangsu Nnnking, Kinugsu Kiukiang, Kiangsi Kiukiang, Kiungsi Ningpo, Chekiang Nanchang, Kiangsi Chinkiang, Kinngsu Liling, Hunan Chinkia-ng, Kinngsu U. S. A. Anking, Anhwei Nauking, Kiuugsu Naulcing, Kizuigsu Tungchow, Kinngsu VVuchang. Hupeh XVuchang, I-lupeh Peking, Chihli Nankiug, Kiangsn Hnnkow, Hupch Luchowfu, Anhavei, Nana-hang, 'Kiangsi Slmnghai, Kiangsu Chungsha, Hinmn Hmlgffllow, Chekiang Nanking. Kiangsu U. S. A. Kiukiang. Kiangsi Hangchow, Chekiang Nanchang, Kiangsi Nantungcliow, .Kiangsu Wuhu, Anhwei 13. 5 136 LIN GUIST ADVERTISER 'lIi1HllEl NAlNlK1llNG as Gill GROOERIES, STATIONERY, TOILET, AND PIECE GOODS Those who deal with us may be assured of the following advantages. Fresh Stock, Reasonable Prices, Various Brands to Choose from and Orders Will Receive Prompt ancl Careful Attention Price list will be furnished on application. Goods delivered to any parts of the city are free of carriage. Qjhona aww. 75 Jvo. 9 -yu Qong fllni .7kfni NANKING D H I-I Y I H 8: Q 9. Iron Merchants and General Hardware Dealers Dealers in:- fi2llV2ll1lS6Ci Iron Corrugated Sheets, Wire or Cut Nails, Cement, Rooling lfelts, Glass, Lead Sheets, Wire Nettings, Green Wire Cloth, Steel Butts, Carpenter Tools, Edge Tools, Door Locks, Hinges, Floor Springs, Garden Tools, Spanners, Padlocks, Screws, Paint, Oil, Scissors, Hooks, and Every Kind ol' Hardware for Household, etc., etc. Ama, BROADWAY, SHANGHAI TEL. Na. N. nos ,i ,.,,,, , ,, ,, . ,ggfgg l 3 if. ji i,,,,,-,ff ill: 5 IX fa-2' f- -- f I ..- 'rf 7EffOt -s AMMNQQQEWQ iq - Q e",,,lg og MMMWMHMMHH gy Ag WEQHWHEEEN gb, THE LINGUIST Hlll, Miss V. C ....... Hoose, Mr. E. A ...... Hoose, Mrs. E. A ...... James, Mr. E. H ...... James, Mrs. E. H ......... Johannaber, Mr. C. F... Johannaber, Mrs. C. F... Lehman, Mr. A. E ...... Lehman, Mrs. A. E ...... McCallum, Miss Effie B Mclntosh, Miss E. W .... McMullen, Miss N. J ...... "Moss, Mr. L. B. ....... .. "Moss, Mrs. L. B ....... Newman, Dr. H. W ..... Price, Dr. R. B ......... Price, Mrs. R. B ..... "'Saboe, Miss Minnie ..... Sassen, Dr. Augusta A... qMrs. Kleiny Shoemaker, Miss E. G... Sloan, Mrs. T. D ......... Small, Mrs. A. G ........ Stewart, Mrs. W. R ...... Thompson, Miss M. B .... ...... Van Hook, Miss L. M .......... Wells, Miss L. P .... .... Wheeler, Mr. W. R ..... Wheeler, Mrs. W. R ..... Wilkinson, Miss W .... . "Wiltsie, Dr. J. W ...... "Wiltsie, Mrs. J. W ..... Andrews, Mlss Hazel ..... . ...... 1-Bl-own, Miss Ruth G .... ..,.. "Carr, Miss Jo .............. "Carter, Miss Gertrude P ....... Corson, Miss Margaret A qMrs. H. Milton Wagnerj "Davies, Miss Dorothy ............ Dodd, Mr. Duncan F .......... Dodd, Mrs. D. F ................ Baptist, North .......... Episcopal. .. Episcopal. Methodist Methodist Methodist Episcopal... Methodist Episcopitl... Methodist Methodist Episcopal... Episcopal . .. Evangelical ............... 'Evangelical ............... United Christizni ......... Canudimi Church Miss. Prcshyterimi, South... University of Nenking.. University of Nanking.. South... South. .. South. .. Presbyterian, Prof-xbyteriLn'i , Pre:-ibyterinn. Lutheran Synod ......... Yale in Chino. ...... .. Baptist, North .......... P. U. M. U ................ University of Nanking Y. M. C. A .............. .. Methodist Episcopal... Baptist. North .......... American Church ...... Prox-ibyterinn. North... l'reshyt.eriun, North... United Christian ......... . ..... Presbyterian, North... lf'i'or-4hyte1'imi, North... 1916-1917 Baptist, South ............. "Booth, Miss Alma ............... American Church ......... Brlttingham, Miss H. ......... .Methodist Episcopal ...... Baptist, North ......... . . 1 37 ...Ningpo, Chekiang, Kiangsi ...Kiukiang, Kiangsi ...Nunking, Kinngsu ...Nnnlcing, Kistngsu .Kiukiang, Kiangsi liinkiang, Kiangsi ...Yuhsien, Hunan .Yuhsien, Hunan .Nu.ntungc'li0w, Kinngsu Kuifeng, Honmi .Hnngchow. Cliekinng .U. S. A. .U. S. A. .Cliinkiangg Kiangsu .'l'uicl1ow, Kiangsu .'l'oichow. Kiungsu . Kwungcliow, Honan ...Hmikow, Hupeh ...Huch0w. Chekiiuig Peking, Chihli ...Nankingg Kittngr-au ...Wucliang', Hupoh Kiukiang, Kiungsi Slmohsing, Chekimig .Shnnghui. Kinngsn ...U. S. A. 1156 Fifth Avo. N. Y. 0,5 .U. S. A. U56 Fifth Ave, N. Y. CJ .l.uohowfu, Anhwoi 1 .U. b. A. S. A. Yungchow, Kiangz-lu Allliillhg, AllilXX'0i Slmohing, Chekinng U. S. A. Chinkiang. Kiengsu 'l7nichow, Kietngsu Yule in Chinn. ...... ..... l T. S. A. Y. M. C. A ....... ....... N Vlltflllllltls Hllpcl' Q Methodist Episcopal ...... U. S. A. Methodist Episcopal ...... Clninkisuig, Kiuiigsu Methodist Episcopal ...... Chinkinngr. Kisnigsu IBS I lCont1inueri front page 76'j The last tendency that will be mentioned is the tendency to question everything. The stable foundations of the past have been overturned for the Chinese student. and now he is asking,-" What is truth "? He is open to the new, and is liable to throw away much that is good, just because it is old. This is a passing stage, however, and the eagerness with which the Chinese student seeks knowledge , is praiseworthy indeed. He is open religiously as never before. This does not mean that he will accept every- thing you say, but he is willing to discuss the subject with you, and is seeking for that which will satisfy him. Some of you who read this may be undecided as to where you can make your life count for the most. The boys and girls of China present a challenge and an opportunity which is unsurpassed elsewhere. N 0 matter what your line may be, you can find those here eager to learn, and in the daily round of contact you will have the privilege of helping to mold the life and thought of a nation at a period of unprecedented plasticity. Cloth Shirts KOREA MISSION Hose Garments Embroidery Yarns are prettier, stay prettier, last longer and are sold cheaper than any other similar high grade Products. l Made by Christian Students in modern plant and sold by parcel post direct to consumer all over the ivmmi-lql-satisfaction and delivery guaranteed. Send for Samples to: , Textile Department, Songdo School p Son 14110, Korea THE LINGUIST D'0live, Mr. W. C ....... ...... D'0live, Mrs. W. C ............. Fillmore, Miss Anne L ....... .. fMrs. Charles E. Sheddp Firor, Miss Marion P .......... Ghlselin, Mr. Charles J ......, Gill, Mrs. J. M. B ............. Gray, Miss Cammie ............ Gregg, Miss Alice H .......... ,"Heald, Miss Jeanie V. ........ . Hewey, Miss Clarissa 'fHewltt, Mlss Alden ............ Hutchinson, Mr. Paul ......... Hutchinson, Mrs. Paul ..... V ..., Illick, Mr. J. Theron ............ Methodist Illlck, Mrs. J. Theron ......... Methodist A ....... l.'rosbyteriuu. North .... . I Y. M. C. A ..... . ............. Roforinecl Church in U. S. Preshytoriml. South ..... American Church......... United Cliristizui ........... Amoricnn Church ........ Americinn Church ..., .... . Baptist., North ............ American Church ........ Methodist Methodist Kauffman, Mr. D. R. ......... Evangelical ................ . Kauffman, Mrs. D. R .......... Idvsmgelicnl ................. i'Kramer, Mr. William J. ..... . "Kramer, Mrs. William J ....... Krespaeh, Miss Olive .......... fMrs. Evansi Kulp, Mrs. D. H. ..... . Lancaster, Mr. L. H .......... Libby, Dr. Walter E ....... McClure, Mr. Robert W ....... McClure, Mrs. R. W. ...,...... .. "McIntosh, Miss Maud ......... Mrs. lBird 'fi Mclntosh, Miss Ruby ...... fDeceasedi Magness, Miss Bertha ............ l'Montgomery, Miss L. G. Morton, Miss E. M ............. Perkins, Mrs. C. E. ...,. . .... .. Reader, Mr. Charles V .......... "Reimer, Miss Minnie F ......, Rennlnger, Miss Anna M ....... lresbytorimi. North ...... 139 Tsiniug, Silllillfillllg Tsininpg, Shsmtung Hztukow, Hupeh Yochow, Hunan Tuiohow. Kiftngsu 'l'nichow, Kinngsll U. S. A. , Wuhu, Anhwoi Anking, Auhwei .Kiuhwit, Chokiaug Ankiug. Anhwei Episcopal ...... U. S. A. llpiscopnl ...... U. S. A. Episcopal ...... Nimking. Kiuugsu Episcopal ...... Nftnking, Kimlgsu .Liling, Hunan .Liling, Hunim Methodist Episcopal ...... U. S. A. Methodist Episcopal ..... Baptist, North ............ I'roshytoriml,' South .... . Methodist Episcopal ..... Congregational ........... Congrogatiouul ........... Church Missionary Soc Presbyteriun Noi-th ,,,,,,,. Methodist, .lipiscopiml ..... l'roshyterizu1, North ..... Reformed Church in U. S. lllviuigelical 'fRhoda, Miss Ethel G. .................................,...... . Riechers, Miss Bertha L. Riggs, Mr. Charles H .......... Riggs, Mrs. Charles H ....'...... Ritter, Mr. Charles H .......... Ritter, Mrs. Charles H ....... "'Rivenburg, Miss Narola C .... Rogers, Mr. Jesse M .......... Ruland, Mr. Lloyd S .... ...... Schuerman, Miss Clara E ....... - , w Mot-hozlist Episcopal ...... Nauking,-Kinngsu U. S. A. Kulgmi, Mongolia Slnmginti, Kiungsu Nztuking, Kiungsu XVuhu. Anhwoi Slmowu, Fukiou .Shuowu, 'Fukion Chkihsien, Chekiimg livaiigolimtl ......Yulisien. Hunan Ningpo, Chokimig .Slmuglmi, Kizmgsu Kiukimig, Kimigsi VVoihsien, Shmituug NYOCIIOW, iH1111n,l1 'l'ungjeu, Kwcichow Hfvlflclro , Cllekimlg Congregational ........... Shztowu, lvukion Coi1g1'ogrttiiolwl -'-----"'- Slm9Wll. Fukien Motlioclist, South --------- Nfllliiilllg, Kiangsu Methodist. South .-....... Nmiking, Kiungsu Baptist, North ............. U. S. A. , Baptist, South ............. Simnghai, Kizmgsu Presbyterian, N0l'13h ...... Nunking, Kilmgsu llvaugelicnl 'l't.ll1gjOIl, K woichow 140 LINGUIST ADVERTISER THE "BLACKSTONE" OIL. ENGINES FOR REFINED, CRUDE, OR RESIDUAL OILS. SIMPLE, RELIABLE, ECONOMICAL, EASY TO MANAGE, CLEAN IN WORKING "B ackstonen engines representing many thousanfJs of horse-power now running in China giving utmost satisfac ion to users. Photograph of 50 B.l-l.P.."Blac.kstone" Crude Oil Engine Installed at the Shanghai Qullege for Driving the Electric Lighting Plant THE ' BLACKSTONEU OIL ENGINE REPRESENTS THI:. HIGHEST GRADE OF BRITISH MANUFACTURE STOCKS FROM 3 T0 75 B-H-H KEPT .IN SHANGHAI :Sole ggenls ROSE, DOWNS az THGMPSON inf Faso, Ltd Engineers 61 Machinery Merchants i 29 Santan 9?0af1,' fsbiangb-az' O l HE ,l.INGU,I.ST Shryock, Mr. John K. "Smith, Mr. Harold V .... ...... "'Smith, Mrs. Harold V ....... Strother, Mr. Edgar E. ........ . Strother, Mrs. E. E ........... .. TBI'm3.Il, Mrs. E. L ........ ..... Aniorif-an Yule in C Yale in C Christian Christimi Methodist Church ......... hum ........ hnm.... ........ Endeavor Soc. l':llCl0El.VOl' Soc. Episcopal. . . . . . 14l Anking. Anhwei U. S. A. CSoattlel U. S. A. QSeattle. Shanghai, Kiangsu Slmnghni, Kiangsu Peking, Chihli Peking. Chihli VVnhn, Anhwei Tungjen. Kweichow Nnnking, Kiangsu Termarl. Mrs. E. L ....... ...... M ethmlist Episcopal ...... Trethaway, Miss Lucile ......... Methodist Episcopal ...... QMrs. W. R. Llbbyj Wahl, Mr. Carl B ............ .lilviuigmlicnl ............... Walmsley, Miss Evelyn M ..,. Prosbytei-ion. North ...... "Warfield, Miss Marguerite D.Yele in Chinn ............... U. "Williams, Mr. James W ...... "Williams, Mrs. James W ...... .Yale in Chinn ..... .Yale in China ..... Evangelical 1917-1918 Reformed Churc h in U. S. Baptist, North ............. Baptist, North ....... Presbyterian Wolf, Miss Martha K. ........ . Bachman, Mr. George ......... Beath, Mr. S. S ......... ....... Beath, Mrs. S. S ..... ...... Beegle, Miss C. D ........ ...... Boone, Miss M. M. ........... . Bowen, Miss Alice ...... Brunemeier, Dr. E. H .......... Brunemeler, Mrs. E. H .......... Bryars, Mr. J. H ....... Crook, Mlss W. M .... ......... Day, Miss Isabella ...... Donaldsen, Miss L. 'P .... ..... . "'Durl'ee, Miss M E. ..,. .. "Gammon, Mr. G. U. .. I? rosbyteriani. . North ...... North ...... Methodist Episcopal ...... Evmigoliciil Evmigolicnl Presbyterian. North ...... Methodist E Prosbyteriini, l'reshyterin.n , Y. M. Gales, Miss M. J ........ ...... "'Giauque, Mr. C. D. .. Haskell, Mr. W. W .... Haskell, Mrs. W. W .... Holroyd, Mr. Ben ....... ...... Holroyd, Mrs. Ben ............... Hokanson, Miss Esther ......... Hopkins, Mr. M. A ....... .,,,, "Johnson, Miss M. E. .... . liaptist. United United United United Baptist. Presbyterian. S0llf'll ------- C. A ................... North ..... ..... Cliriz-itian ........... Christian ........... Christian ........... Christian ........... North ............. piscopnl ...... North ....... North ....... A111131-if-1111 Cllllfffll.. .... Keckman, Miss Anna ......... .fcMrs. W. H. Weigel? Kongferlie, Mr. P. T ............. iKonsterlie, Mrs. P. T. ........ . Korhonen, Rev. Nlllo. Lacy, Mr. W. I .... ............ Lacy, Mrs. W. l .... ............ Lanphear, Mr. B. W .... ..... l,ufl,9l-ml l4:VELllg0llCtl1l.... Lutheran ldvnngelionl .... l4'il1l1iSl1 M'iSSl011.. ..... ..... Methodist 'Episcopal ...... Methodist Episcopal ..... .American Churf:h......... S. A. S. A. U. S. A. Lilingf. Hunxm Yochow, Hunan Knying, Kwzmtimg Knying, .Kwantung Chefoo, Slmntung Chenchow, Hunan Nnnking, lKin.ngsn 'l'ungjen, Kweic-how Tiingjen. Kweichow Sliungzlmi, Kiangsu Chinkiung. Kizmgsn Nnnliing, Kiungsu Woihsion, Slmntnug Nanking. Kizuigsu Sim Anselm. Cn.lil'. Shaohsing. Cliokimig 'l'singtno. Slldlll-llllg Wuhu, Anhwei Wuhu. Anhwei Nmiking, Kimlgsn Nunking, -lil8.llgSll Hnchow. Chokinng .Sutsien, liimigf-in U. S. A. Vl'iisih. Kiuligmi Kwoitoh, Hamm Kweiteh. Hfmnll 'llsingsliiln Hunnn Yonping. Fukion .Yenping. 'lfukien lVlll1l'l, Anhwoi 14 7- 1 ' ia llll is.- wiv, ll '11, RI-,gi-1-'iizlt-V A ll' 1j,!!IlllllIl'Illl ww, f -f Q A Vmgallinilnlliunrlunlrzull :mmmrguizniyuuuiuuuixmnu I u mgni nnrmuu1. " 4 l ff' f H i Y iz: ip llfl I 'r l l , L li, ,- Y , f , ' ,.,,37'1.l ilzw- I i J .HIHII ,.llIl1ll ,iilU f o ur . , , , 'ew ,. .smart R TEQSAEO R Highest grade prepared roofing. Easy to apply--'Economicaln Fire-resisting and waterproof. In three styles: Smooth and Slate Sunfaeed Roofing Slahte Sunfacecl Shingles Three colors: RED, BLUE-BLACK 8z GREEN For use on all structures: Churches, houses, mills, factories and college buildings, etc. - Prices, samples and specifications furnished upon request. The Texas Company i W 2 Peking Road, Shanghai W' Branches in all pPiUCiD-al ports of China 2 LING UISTI' A IJVERTISEIS 1 H E LINGUIST Loucks, Miss B. H ....... Lowry, Miss Genevieve... Mack, Miss Margaret ...... Major, Miss L. L ......... March, Miss C. E. ........ . Montgomery, Mr. J. N .... Montgomery, Mrs. J. N. Myers, Miss H. H .... ...... Nash, Miss E. D .... ...... Neville, Miss,E. A ..,.... tMrs. L. H. Lancasterl "Perry, Mr. E. W .......... Robinson, Miss F. H ....... Russell, Miss Maud ..... 'fSample, Mr. J. L .... ..... Methodist ltlpiscopul ...... 4 I43 Nnnking. ilcl!IllgSll X . VV. C. A ................... Unngchow, Chekinng ' Y. NV. C. A ........... United Christian ........... Y. W. C. A ................... Presbytorimi. South ...... l'resbyto1'iztn. South ...... X . W. C. A ................... Baptist, North .........,... Proshytorixtn, South...... Presbyterian. North ....... Methodist, Episcopal ...... Y. W. C. A.. Hangchow, Chckiung Luhowfu, Anhwei Chongtu, Szeehustn Hwaimifu, Kinngsu'u, Kiangsn 50 Chino Road, Horigrlmligr Kinhwn, Cliokinng Nnnking, Kimigsn Slmnglmi. Kinngsu Nnnliing, Kiungsn Chnngshu. 'll umm University of Nanking .... U. S. A. "Schreiber, Mrs. E. P. ......... l'Ivm1gelicn.l Seeck, Miss Margaret... Sellemeyer, Miss E. I .... 'fShoub, Miss H. M ......... "Silsby, Miss Helen ..... Smith, Mr. G. S ......... Smlth, Mrs. C. S. ' ..... . "'Spencer, Miss Elizabeth... Smith, Miss E. W ..., Stelnhelmer, Mr. H. C .... Stelnhelmer, Mrs. H. C. Stevenson, Dr. P. H .... Stribling, Miss Frances ...... Thomson, Mr. J. C ....... Thomson, Mrs. J. C. .... . Weigel, Mr. W. H ...... Well, Mlss M. S ......... "Wharton, Miss A. L ....... Wright, Miss Mildred... Young, Miss Lols ......... Abbott. Miss Lillie F .... A1-gelander. Mr. Frank A ....... Beare, Mr. Thomas J .... qDeceasedl Bears, Mrs. Thomas J .... ..... Bovell, Miss Mabel E .... Brodbeck, Miss Emma L ....... Brown, Miss Lydia E .... fMrs. John B. Hillpsl rBrown, Miss Marjorie B. tMrs. Ross Asselstrenep Methodist E Reformed Ch S.A. . piscopnl ...... urch in U. S. Methodist .Episcopal ...... Presbyterian, Presbyterian, North ,...... Presbyterian, North ....... American Church ......... American C Methodist E hurch ......... piscopatl ...... Methodist Episcopal ..... . P. U. M. C ................... Presbyterian, South ...... Prcsbytorinn, North ...... Presbytorimi, North ...... .Free Methodist American Church ......... Reformed Church in U. S. American Church ......... Nauking Univ. Hosp ....... Presbyterian, South. ..... 1918-1919 United Christian ............ Methodist Episcopal. ..... Free Methodist Baptist, North ...... Baptist, North ...... Baptist, North ...... Nanclnmg. Kinngsi Shonchowlu, Hunan Slulnglnni, 'Kinngsu North ...... U. S. A. Nanking, Kinngsu Nanking, Kinngsu Ankimr, Anhwoi Florenco, llnly Nanking, Kiangsu Nanking. Kinngs.: ilfeking, ommi ' Hrtngchow, Chokinng Nunking, Kiungsu Nimking. Kiangsu WVusih, Kinngsu Shenchowfu, Hunan California, U. S. A. Nzmking, Kinngsu Suchow, Kinngsu Nimliilla. Kiungsu Kiukiztng, Kimqgsi U. S. A. Suchow, Szochuan Yan-how, Szochuan Shanghai, Kinngsu U. S. A. 144 LINGUIST ADVERTISER FEEREEE5ERj 5EEE 5EEEEEEEEEEEEE5E5Egg YOU ARE OORDIALLY INVITED TO VISIT OUR STORE FOR CHINESE CHRISTIAN LITERATURE Language study books I Medical books in Chinese ALSO Booxs IN ENGLISH RELIGIOUS, GENERAL, EDUCATIONAL, - -I' HISTORICAL, LITERARY, SOCIOLOGICAL, E SCIENTIFIC, INSPIRATIONAL, etc U' Our HOUSEHOLD Ds PARTMENT is fast becom- ing the MIS:IONARI ES' SERVICE OF SUPPLIES. U' ' Our SHIPPING DE' ARTMENT is for the purpose of helping our mission brothers and sisters forward- ing things from ports to interior or vice Versa. WHERE-E ER YOU GO, WE ENDEAVOR TO ig E SUPPLY YOUR EVERY NEED. -1-Xuizq-i ' LI The Mission Book ompany n 13 North Szechuen Road. SHANGHAI E Brcmches: NANKING--HANGCH OW EE5555575555555ER155EEHEEE.EEEE5E5E5E5555EEEE5E555E5515E5EE71555EEE , I'I THE LINGUIST Brown, Dr. Robbert E .... Brown, Mrs. R. E .... .. Chace, Miss Cora. ...... . Clemons, Mrs. Harry Danuser, Miss M.E. .. Devis, Rev. Ward ........ Davis, Mrs. Ward ......... Dieter, Miss Margaret... Dubs, Rev. Homer H Dubs, Mrs. Homer H .... DuPee, Miss Nina .... Duff, Miss Helen ..... lMarrledp "'Froom, Rev. Leroy E .... Graham, Mr. Harold L. Graham, Mrs. H. L ....... Gundlach, Miss Ida ..... Hill, Miss Ella A .......... Irving, Miss Emma S .... Jacobson, Mr. Gerland A ....... Jacobson, Mrs. Gerland Lawrence, Miss Jane ...... "'Legge, Miss Della G .... .. Lewis, Mrs. Mary L ...... Leyda, Miss Maude L .... Maiden, 'Miss Daisy V .... Marx, Mr. Edwin ..... Marx, Mrs. Edwin ........ "Pearson, Miss G. W. qMrs. Darlingl Sargent, Dr. Clara ...... qMrs. G. Sheppardp A .... Schariienberg, Mr. W. A... Scharfienberg, Mrs. W. A. Smawley, Miss Eva L .... Smith, Miss Joy .......... '. Stewart, Mr. W. R ....... Theroll, Miss Frances... Toothaker, Rev. Frank ...... Toothaker, Mrs. Frank... Treman, Mr. Robert C. fDeceasedJ Varley, Miss Elizabeth M ....... walker, Miss Jennie ...... Wilds, Miss Mamie C .... Anderson, Mr. E- J -----. Methodist Episcopal ...... Methodist Episcopal ...... Presbyterian, Prosbytorimi, Y. W. C. A. ................. . Pres by terian , Presbyterian, North ...... United Christian ............ Evangelical ....... Evangelical ......... United Christian ............ Independent ...... Seventh. Day Advent ...... Seventh ,Day Advent ...... Seventh 'Day Advent ...... Ginling College ............ Y. W. C. A .......... .... Baptist, North ............. Independent ...... Independent ...... ....... Baptist, North ............. United Christian ............ fPreshyteriun, North ..... . Evangelical .................. Church of God ............ United Christian ........... United Christian ........... Bztptist, North .............. Plymouth Brethern ...... ....Sevonth Day Advent...... Seventh Day Advent ...... Presbyterian, North ...... Methodist Episcopal ...... Y. M. C. A ................... Baptist, North. ........... . Methodist Episcopal ..---- Methodist .Episcopal ...... Methodist Episcopal ...... Chiu-ch Missionary Soc. Mgtlygfligfj ,EpiSCOpH.l ...... Presbyterizm, N-Jl'f'll -----. 1919-1920 liuptist., N0l'tll ---- North ...... North ...... North ...... 145 Xvllllll. Anhwci Wuhu. Anhwei Nnnking 'Kimigsu Natnking. Kiongsu Shnnghui, Kinngsn Slllllgi-4111, Hunan Siungtun, Hunan linchowfu, Anhwei Siungtnn, l-lunan Sinngtnn, Hunan Nantungchow, Kiangsu Slmnghni. Kinngsu 'lfsinnn, Sliantung Tsimtn, Slmntung Nnnking, Kiangsu Tientsin, Chihli Ningpo, Chekimng Tntung, .Anhwei fl7n.tung, Anhwei Ningpo, Chokiung Nunking, ,Kiangsu Chenchow, Hunan Nnnking, Kinngsu Chinkimig, Kiangsu Nanking, Kinngsu Nnnking. Kinngsu U. S. A. Nuhulmng, Kirmgsi Slmnglmi, Kinngsu Slmnglmi, Kiungsu Nnnking, Kinngsu Nnnking, IilPll1gSIl lVuc-lmng, Hupoh Yzwhow, Szcchuun Yenping, flilukicn Yonping, Fukien Nnnking. 'Kinngsn l'lllillf1Ull0YV, Chekiung NVulin, Anhwei Sooc-how, Kiangsu Slmnglmi, Kinngsu LTNGUIST ADVERTISER Proucrmsrs 'EE PM S Z3 Ry mmvnsaou mnoucnsunmnc omoncrmr :4 1 I E - -- I 1-4--X b-xv: N .se E EF sa ix! 4 - E f Q2 We specialise in the Examination of Eyes and Prescribing and Fitting Glasses to Conserve Visual Comfort and Efficiency '1'l93IfF?1'2f'2iHFiiiQ"5I CHINESE UFTIGAL 00. Qi.-352 .AQuzKfing '9Q0rlrf, Skangbai E -fgraaches 1.11 feruling cifivs l HE LINGUIST Anderson, Mrs. E. J .......... Anderson, Mr. H. C ............. Backhouse, Miss F. E .......... fMrs. John Mageel Bacon, Mr. Wallace R .......... Bacon, Mrs. Wallace R ....... qDeoeasedi rBarnes, Dr. William J .......... "Barnes, Mrs. W. J .......... Bauer, Miss Grace Louise .... Benjamin, Mr. N. R. S ....... Birkel, Mr. A. H. ............. .. Blrkel, Mrs. A. H ..... ........... Bjelke, Mr. J. L. Bjelke, Mrs. J. L ....... ....... Bro, Mr. Albin C. .............. . Bro, Mrs. Albin C .... ............ Cartwright, Miss Hester ...... qMrs. R. M. Vanderburghj Baptist, North ............. Evangelical .......... .... .... American Churoh......... United Christian ........... United Christian ........... 147 Shanghai, Kiangsu Yuhsien, Hunan Nanking, Kiangsu Nantungchow, Kiangsu Nantungchow, Kiungsu Presbyterian, North ...... U. S. A. Presbyterian, North ...... U. S. A. Nanking Univ. Hospite.lNanking, Kinngsu Baptist, North ....... Presbyterian, North 'Presbyterian, North Baptist. No1'th ........ Baptist, North ...... United Christian United Christian ..... Methodist Episcopal Chaplin, Maxwell ............... Presbyterian, North "Cobbs, Mr. William C. Jr.Business ............. Crane, Miss Marietta A ....... Methodist Episcopal Cox, Mr. Carson W ............. Friends.................. Cox, Mrs. Carson W. ............ Friends .................. Currie, Miss Mabel C .......... Presbyterian, North Damarest, Miss Mary C ....... Baptist, South ........ Daniels, Dr. J. Horton ......... Daniels, Mrs. J. Horton ...... Davis, Miss Helen ........ Douglas, Rev. R. Clyde ...... Douglas, Mrs. R. Clyde... ..... . Ely, Miss Lois A. ............. .. Fine, Miss Mary D ...... qMrs. Paul Twinemi Foster, Dr. J. H. ..... ......... . Frank, Mr. H. S. ...... ..... . . Frank, Mrs. H. S., ..... ....... Gailey, Miss Helen ............ Giedt, Mr. E. H ....... ....... Giedt, Mrs. E. H ....... ....... Grier, Miss Isabel ............... Griffiths, Miss Helen ............ Gustafson, Rev. David ......... rl-Iaeker, Dr. F. L ................ "Harman, Mr. A ................ Jordan, Dr. Carl F ............ Keller, Miss Lydia H .... ...... McCollock, Miss G ............. Ningpo, Cliekiang Chonchow, Hunan Chenchow, Hunan Hopo, Kwnntung Hopo, Kwantung Luchowfu. Anhwei Luchowfu, Anhwei Shanghai, Kiangsu Hwaiyuan, Anhwoi U. S. A. NVuhu, AHlIW0l Luho, Kiangsu Lullo, Kiangsn Soochow, Kiangsn Yangchow, Kiangsn Presbyterian. North ...... Nanking Kiangsu Presbyterian, North ...... Nanking, Kifmi-ISU W. 0. A...................Nankinga Kifmgsu Presbyterian, South ..,... KHSlllllgs Chekifmg Presbyterian, South ...... Kasliing, Cllekimlg United Christian ..... Preshyteriari, North Yale in China ..... . Evangelical ,,,,,,,,,,,. Evangelical ............ Presbyterian, North Baptist, North ....... Baptist, North ....... Presbyterian, South Methodist Episcopal Baptist, North ....--- Presbyterian, North Business ............... .Baptist, South ............. Methodist Episcopal- Baptist, North ....... Nnntungchow, Kiangsu Hwniyuan, Anhwoi Changsha. Hunan Tungjen, Kweicliow Tungjen, Kweichow Changsha, Hunan Kityang, Kwan tung Kityang, Kwantung Such owfu ,- Ki angsu Chengtu, Szechuan Shnohing, Chokiang U. S. A. Cliaiigslia, Hunan .Yangchow, Kiangsu Nanchang, Kiangsi Hangcllow, Chokizmg . . - -1. - -1i - LINGUIST ADV E WI IS ER A tt -i te if ? ae DR UGS, CHEMICALS, BIOLOGICAL AND PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARA TIONS AND APPARATUS FOR SCIENTIFIC WORK. We can supply j6'om stock: ANALYTICAL SCALES, FILTERS AND FILTER PAPER, MICROSCOPES, JENA GLASSWARE, RUB- BER GOODS, STAINS FOR BACTERIOLO- GICAL WORK, Etc., Etc., Etc. .Please Write For Our Price Lists Jlmerican Drug Company 40-42 Nanking Road-Shanghai -,ti-L-1:11--'L -1- ,l 11- THE LINGUIST MacKubbin, Miss Mary E .... Meeker, Miss Bessie L .......... "Moore, Miss Emily R .......... Naylor, Miss Ethel ............ Nickles, Mlss Florence ......... .Methodist Episcopal Pittman, Miss Annie M ...... Robbins, Dr. Emma E ......... Sargent, Miss Lola L ....... Schmalzrled, Dr. E. W ....... Schmalzried, Mrs. E. W ....... "Shaak, Miss T. M. ............. .. qMarrledJ Snyder, Mr. George R .... ...... Snyder, Mrs. George R ....... 1DeeeasedJ Speers, Mr. James M. Jr. Stroh, Miss Harriet, .... Thomas, Dr. Harold... Thomas, Mrs. Harold Townsend, -Miss G .... Twlnem, Mr. Paul ....... 1DeceasedJ Van Dyck, Mr. David Van Dyck, Mrs David ......... Watson, Miss Belle... Whltener, Mr. Sterling ......... Whltener, Mrs. Sterling ..,... Williiord, Miss Bessie .. Wilmot, Dr. Frank A... Wilmot, Mrs. Frank A... Wilson, Miss Julia ....... Ackley, Mr. M. C .... . Ackley, Mrs. M. C ..... Akerstrom, Mr.. C. E ..... Amis, Miss Mlnna R... Bahrenburg, Miss L. I-I ,,,, Bates, Mr. M. Searle.. Beach, Joseph P ......... "Blume, William "Blume, Mrs. Willlam whiff Blydenburgh, Dr. G. T... Blydenbursh. Mrs- G T ....... Bogar, Harold G ......... Boss, Miss Marlon H... Bradley, Miss Lina E. .. Presbyterian, North ..... Methodist Episcopal Friends....................... Friends.................. Presbyterian, South ..... Y. NV. C. A ............. Rletveld, Miss Harriet ......... .Methodist Episcopal Presbyterian , North. . .. Evangelical .................. Evangelical 149 .Nanking, 'Kiangsu .Nanchang Kiangsi .U. S. A. Luho, Kiungsu .Nanking, Kiangsu Kiukiang, Kiangsi Sliangllai, Kiangsu Chinkiang, Kiangsu Sun-how, Anhwei Tungjen, Kwoichow Tungjen, Kweiohow Reformed Church in U. S. Reformed Church in U. S Reformed Church in U. S. Presbyterian, North Presbyterian, North ..... Baptist. North ,........... Baptist, North ............ Methodist Episcopal ..... University of Nanking.. Presbyterian, North ...... Presbyterian, North ..... . Church of G od .............. Reformed Church in U. S. Reformed Church in U. S. Baptist, North ............. United Christian ......... United Christian .......... Methodist Episcopal ..... 1920-1921 Seventh Day Advent Seventh Day Advent University of Nanking... Presbyterian, South, .... - Methodist Episcopal.-' United Christian ........ . Seventh Day ACIVOIW- - - , South , ...... Methodist Methodist, South ....... Methodist Episcopal ...... Mgtllodisf, Episcopal ...... Seventh Day Advent... Pregbytel-inn, SOIIHI Shonchowfu, Hunan Slienchowfu, 'Hunan Nanking, Kiangsu Hwaiyuan, Anhwei .Ningpo, Chekiang Ningpo, Chekiang Shanghai, Kiangsu Nanking, Kiangsn Hwaiyuan, Anhwei Hwaiyuan, Anhwei Chinkiang, Kifmgsu Yochow, Hunan Yochow, Hunan ,Huchow, Chekiang Nankiug, Kiangsu .Nanking, Kiangsu Nunking, Kiaugsu Shanghai, Kiangsu Shanghai, Kiangsu Nunking, Kia-ngsu Yoncheng, Kiangsu Kiukiang, Kiangsi Nanking, Kiungsu Changsha, Hunan Shanghai, Kiangsi Shanghai, Kiangsu Nanc-hang, Kiangsi Nnnchung, Kiangsi Hankow, Hupeh Cllk100llOW, Iiwglitlnyg Bgptigt, North, ............ .N11l1kiI1g, Kiangsu 150 L1 NGUIST ADVERT IS ER, BROWNIE: PHOTO Co. 16 KU I LAN NANK1NG, CHINA Proprietor Teleplione H. L. Yao 5 No. 780 Portraits Developing Enlargements Printing F lash-lights Photo Supplies and Picture Framing Work Prompt P1 ices Moderate . Special attention given to P PICTURE FRAMES Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention. THE LINGUIST Bridgman, Harold T .......... Brldgman, Mrs. Harold T. ..... . WButcher, Mr. James Irvine... Butler, Miss Alice L .... Carter, Miss Alice ...... Chaplin, Mrs. Maxwell Clark, Mlss Anna R .... Cookson, Mlss L. L .... Dean, Miss Florence E. Droz, Miss Lelia B .... Eide, Miss Mary L .... Evans, Mrs. Edward ..... Farr, Miss Grace ......... Fleming, Miss Marjorie ...... Gish, Mrs. E. P .... ...... "Gray, Mr. Frank A ....... Haahti, Miss Inkeri ...... CMrs. T. Kaskikallioj Hall, Miss Mabel S .... Harrison, Mr. S. J ....... Harrison, Mrs. S. J ....... i'Hollingshead, Mr. A. "'Hollingshead, Mrs. A. Holt, Mrs. H. D ....... James, Mr. Herbert C .... James, Mrs. Herbert Jeffer, Miss Alice ...... Judson, Dr. Herbert Kennard, Mr. Ralph Kennard, Mrs. Ralph Klatt, Miss Maude L.... Lavely, Mr. Horace T .... Lavely, Mrs. Horace T. Lawney, Dr. Josephine C. Lee, Mr. Charles 0 .... W ....... Presbyterian, South ..... l'rosbyteria.n, South ...... Seventh Day Advent. .. 151 .Yonchen3,g, Kiangsu Yenchong, Kiangsu Slmnghni, Kiangsu Cviling College ............... Nunking, Kiungsu Presbyterian, North... Preshyterian, North .... Methodist Episcopal . .. Baptist, North .......... Methodist Episcopal... Hangchow College Presbyterian. South... Baptist, North ............. ...Siungi-mi. T-lunnn .. Hwaiyuon, Anhwoi Hnngchow. Chekinng Baptist, North ............. ...VVuhu. Anhwei Nnnchnng, Kiungsi Methodist Episcopal ...... ...Sha0hing, Chekiamg Yenping, 'lfukien I-langchow, Chekiung Trticllow, Kiungsu Swat ow, Kwan tung United Christian ......... Nnnking, Kiangsu American Church ......... U. S. A. Finnish Mission........... Presbyterian, North ..... Methodist Episcopal ..... Methodist Episcopal ..... Methodist Episcopal ..... W.Mothodist Episcopal ..... c.ffff American Chrucli...... Seventh Day Advent ..... Seventh .Day Advent... American Church ......... Presbyterian, North ...... .Tzeli. Hunan .l-lwniyuon, Anhwci .Cliinkiang, Kiungsu .Chinkiangln Kinngsu .U. S. A. .U. S. A. Shrmglnxli, Kiangsu .Yenchcn,q. HOIIHI1 ,Yoncheng. Henan Anking, Anliwoi Linchow. Kwunfung Baptist, North ............. Slmngxl1ai,Ki1U1l-ISU Baptist, North ............. Slinnglmi, Klangsu Fooc-how, lfukicn ......Y. NV. C. Lentz, Miss Grace Z ........ .. I Love, Miss Esther J .... Macpherson, Miss Jean H .... Maddock, Miss Lois... qMrs. Emory W. Luccocky Mather, Miss Ruth ............. Mc Cown, Miss Mary... Meebold, Miss Louise ......... Millican, Miss Mary. ......... .. Mills, Mrs. Samuel J .... Moliet, Miss Anna E .......... Monteiro, Miss M- K.. Morgan, Mr. Orvin 0 .......... Methodist Episcopal ...... Methodist Episcopal ...... Baptist. North .......... Methodist, Episcopal ...... Method ist, Episcopal .....- P resbytorian , North ...... Presbyterian, North ....-- Presbyterian. North ....-- Baptist, North ............. Presbyterian, South .----- Congregational .------ ---'- Preshytorixm. N0l'tl' --'-" Prosbyforixm. NOVH' ------ Preshyterimi, N01'f'll ---f-- A111531-iC31,11 Clllll'Cll ......... Seventh Dny AflV0l1f ----- . - Nnnc-liang. Kiangsi Nmicliung, Kistngsi Shnngzlmi, Kiangsn Nn.nkin,q, Kinngsu Chinkinng, Kiungsu Hwaiyuen. Anhwei Canton, 'Kwn.nlvung Siungtan, Ilurnm l-luchow, Cliclzinng Tsinginngpu. Kiangsu Shnowu, Fukion I-l'n.ngc-how, Chekiung Nnnking, Kiongsu Nnnkiug. IilfI.llgSLl Anking Anhwci Clninlcing, S291-hum, 52 Q LINGUIST AIJVERTISERL ESTABLISHED 1886 C' 'E!'f5'?ES,??,C0' Supply fhe Best in WA TCHES, CLOCKS. JEWELRY, AND OPTICAL GOODS at Lowesz' Prices To Amateur Photographers Do you want a reliable hrm fwho have up-to-date dark rooms and apparatus under FOREIGN Supervisionj to do your developing and printing? lfso, send to us. VVe guarantee to take the greatest possible care with all ' orders. ' We have also a large selection ofpictures and picture post cards of Chinese native industries and scenery. Maetavisg-E? Co. Lxtd. 9 PHOTOGRAPHIC CHEMISTS Opposite the Garden Bridge SHANGHAI Evangelical ....... ..... . l HE .l.INGUIS'l' Morrison, Miss E. K .......... Y. W. C. A ................. . Mellnt, MlSS Bessie ........... .Seventh Day Advent "Moyer, Miss Celia L ........... Y. W. A .................. Mullinnex, Mr. M. E .... ...... S oventh Day Advent ,..... Mllllinnex, Mrs. M E .......... Seventh Day Advent ..... Naglsr, Miss Etha M .... ...... IV Iothoclist Episcopal ..... Nordyke, Miss Lela L .......... Methodist Episcopal ..... Oleen. Mr. C. N ........ Oleen, Mrs. C. N. ..... Olive, Mr. L. B ...... ......Methodist Episcopalu... .. ...Methodist Episcopal . . . .. .........Baptist, South............ Olive, Mrs. L. B .................' Baptist. South ............ Parker, Miss Blanche A. ...... United Pettit, Miss Arcola I .... ......... 13 aptist, Christian ........ North ............ Pierce, Dr. Ethel M ............. Baptist. South ............ Pollock, Miss Elizabeth M .... Baptist, South ............ Probasco, Miss Abbie ..... .......Methoclist Episcopal..- Shanghai, Kiangsu Shanghai, Kiangsn Shanghai, Kiangsu Hankow, Hupeh l-lankow, 1-lupeh Nanking, Kiangsu .lVuhu, Anhwei Yenping, Fukien Yenpingg Fukieu Chinkiang, Kiangsu Chinkiang, Kiangsu Luchowfu, Anhwci Ningpo, Chokiang Yangchow, Kiangsu .Chinkiang, Kiangsu .Nanking, Kiangsu Wuhu, Anhwci Redmond, Miss'Sarah A ....... Methodist Episcopal ...... Ritchey, Mr. George E. ......... University of Nanking...Nanking, Ritchey, Mrs. George E. ......' University of Nanking.. Robbins, Miss Lilliath.. fMrs. M. Searle Bates! .......Unitod Christian............ Sanders. Mr. William L ....... Methodist lflpisr-opal .... Schoeh, Mise lgnatla K.. Scribner, Miss E. C ...... Shlnn, Mr. Leroy I ............. Seventh .Day Shlnn, Mrs. Leroy I. ............ Seventh Day "Shreve, Mr. Oliver R... ..... . .Seventh 'Day .......lCvangeli0al W. C. Advent.. Advent.. Advent.. Kinngsu .Nanking, Kiangsu Nanking, Kiangsu ..Nanking, Kiangsu llhangsha, Hulllill Shanghai, Kiangsu Chengtu, Szechuan Chongtu. Szerehunn Shanghai, Kiangsu Suchowfu, Kiangsu Sloan, MISS Mary Lee ......... l'resbyterian, South ..... Smith, Miss Alice ............... Methodist Episcopal. .... .. Snyder, Miss Ruth F ............. Kiukiang Kinngsi Reformed Church in U. S.YoChow Spaulding, Mr. L. M .......... American Advent ........ Spaulding, Mrs. L. M .... ...,.. A merican Advent ......... Speiden, Miss Evelyn ......... Baptist, North. ........... Spreng, Dr. Ralph W. E ....... Spreng, Mrs. Ralph W. E. ..... . qDeceasedJ Stamps, Mr. D. F ....... Stamps, Mrs. D. F ............. Baptist, . ..... Baptist, Hunan Hoohow, Anhwoi Hochow, Anhwei Huchow Yuhsien 1 Chekiang Hunan 5 3 Evangelical . . . . - South ............. South ............ - Stroh, Miss Margaret F --.. ...... Y . W. C. A ........... Sullivan, MiSS Eva ............ Baptist, Tatum, Miss Alice Joy ......... Baptist, Teagarden, Miss Lyrel G .... Thiele, Mr. Edwin R ..... Thlele, Mrs. Edwin R .......... Vlerllng, Mr. Frank-.: .... .... . South ......... . .- United Christian ........... Chinkiang, Kiangsu Chinkiang, 'Kiangsu Nanking, Kiangsu Yaugchow, Kiangsu South.. . . ......... .Ynngchow, Kiangsu Luchowfu, Anhwei Seventh Day Advent ...... Shanghai, Kinngsu Seventh Day Advent ...... Shanghai, Kmngsu 'United Christian ........... Luchowfu, Anhwei Vierllngi Mrs, Frank ........... United Christiell ----------- LU"l'0wfU'Anlm'ei Welborn, Miss Ivy G .......... Mrs. G. R. snyder Reformed Church in U. S.Shenchowfu, Hamm LINGUIST A DVERTISEIE HENG KONG COMPANY Gen tlemen's T A 1-5 Q R For many years wc have been supplving clothing for missionarie Come and fry us and you will know why HENG KONG COMPANY Phone N. 1225 Y. 9 No. Szechuen Road Shanghai Q Q fa WH Q 1411sa4w14fv51nxif:wC1r9sofzq fl'1Ml5lli h ZEE VAN sl-IANG Qf ' Head Office in SHANGHAI .nzzzz Zi if Boot, Shoe and Arms ,I ' I 'i Weapons Maker ig mi zzz- -1- 125 HuA-PA1.Low-NANKING. ffiff 153 IH: 9 if -lg Ei? H E LINGUIST Wencke, Miss Dorls R... Methodist Episcopal ...... Wheeler, Miss Bernice A. ...... Methodist Episcopal ..... Williams, Miss Ethel J.... Woods, Miss Margaret... Wright, Miss Ruth P ....... Zierdt, Mlss A. Katherine ..... Zwick, Mr. W. Walter... Zwick, Mrs. W. Walter... Allen, Miss Julia ........ Arnold, Miss Gladys C .... Blackstone, Miss Eleanor. Blackstone, Mr. James... Blankenbiller, Miss H.... Braden, Miss Elvira M... Brown, Mr. Chauncey F ....... Brown, Mrs. Chauncey F ....... Caldwell, Mr. Leonard H ....... Caldwell, Mrs. Leonard H... Carr, Mr. L. A .................. Carr, Mrs. L. A .................. Charles, Miss Hope .............. Cory, Miss May Louise ........ . .,... Y. W. C. A .................. . Church Missionary Soc. Presbyterian, North ...... lux Chunking, Szeohnon .Chinkiang, Kiangsu Hangchow, Chekiang Hangchow, Chekiang Nanking, Kiangsn .Reformed Church in U. S.Shen0howfn, Hunan ...Congregational ......COllg'I'Gl,!tl.f-l0lllLl l921-1922 Unitozl Christian ...... .United Christian ........ iMethodist Episcopal... .Methodist Episcopal... .United Cllristian ........ .Y. W. o. .x..:.'.' .......... . Presbyterian. North... Proshyteriml. North... .University of Nanking... .Seventh Day Advent... .Seventh Day Advent... .Methodist Episcopal... .United Christian ........ tMarriedj Deahl, Miss Catherine .......... - Xmerioan Cln'u'cln ...... Decker, Dr. Henry W .......... Baptist., North .......... Decker, Mrs. Henry W ....... Baptist. North ..... Decker, Mr. John W ............. Baptist, Nor-th ......... . Mrs. John W ........., DeKorne, Mr. John C ....... .. DeKorne, Mrs. John C ...... Decker, Dulf, Mr. Alfred H. ..... . Dykstra, Mr. Harry A ......... Dykstra, Mrs. Harry A ...... Fecker, Miss Rose L ......... Baptist. North ............. .Christian Reformed ....... .Christian Reformed ...,,,. University of Nanking... Hopo, Kwantung Hopn. Kwantung Nanking, Kiangsn Chnehow. Anhwei Nanking, Kiangsn Nanking, Kiarngsn Lnolifwvfu, Anhwei Nanking, 'Kianpgsn Hengchow, Hunan Hengchow, Hunan Nanking. Kiangsu Nanlcing, Kiangsu Shanglmi, Kiangsu Shanghai, 'Kiangsu Nanking. Kiallgsu Cllllllrtlll. Nankinu. Kiungsn Shanghai. Kiangsn Shanghai, Kiangsu Ningpo, Chelciang! Ningpo, Cliekiang Rukao. Kiangsn Rukao. Kiangsn .Christian .Christian Refer-'med,.,, .Evangelical ............... Ferris, Miss Helen ............... Methodist Episcopal... Fillmore, Mr. Herbert W ...... Fillmore, Mrs. Herbert W... .United Christian ...... .United Clhristian ........ Fowler, Mr. J. Earl ............ American Church ......... Fowler, Mrs. J. Earl ..... ..... .f Xmerican Church ........ - Fry, Miss Nancy A. ............ United Christian ........... Fueller, Miss Elizabeth ........ Gibbs, Mr. Charles S .... Gibbs, Mrs. Charles S .......,, Graham, Mr. James R ..... Gray, Mr. Frank A -.--- .American Churnh...--- .Baptist, North .......... .. .Baptist, North ...... --.- P,-ggbyte,-iml. South... -. .....American ClllIl'0ll------ Reformed ....... Rnlcao, Kiangsu 'Rukao,Kiangsn 'l'nngjen. Kweichow Kinlcianhg, Kiangsi Nantungchow. Kiangsn Nuntungc-lxow, Kiungsu tVur:hang, Hnpeh YVuc-lnmg, Hupeh Nantungchow. Kiungsn Auking. Anhwei Nanking, Kiangsu Nanking, Kiangsn Ill!-llilllglilFlll,LfIJll. Klang:-11 U. S. A. 56 LINGUl.S'l' ADVERTISER THE NAN KING DISPENSARY Chemists and Druggists 'Q '590fi"-- Dealers in Photographic Materiztls, Perfumcries, Soups. and 'l'oilet Rcquisitcs, Surgical Instruments, and Dress- ings, Dental Goods, English, French and American Patent Medicines, Hospital and lllwlggists' Sundries, Hooks and Stationcrics, Mztmlfztcturers of Triturated Tablets, Meclicatccl Lozcnges, Etc., Etc. frfuqiuttiiterstwfssa ' YW- -A 74, VY V70-i.. YANGTSE HOTEL NANKING THE BEST FOREIGN HOTEL IN NANKING 5 MINUTES FROM RIVER STEAMERS AND RAILWAY STATION A Picturesque Building Standing in a Large Garden 30 Guest Rooms, each with Private Bath and Verandah Spacious and Luxurious Dining and Sitt'ng Rooms Porter Meets all Trains and Beats Terms very Moderate Proprietors, Mr. 8: Mrs. Wm. Brydon. THE LINGUIST Haggard, Miss Esther .......... lMrs. Charles 0. Leel Hanawalt, Mlss Ella M ....... Harris, Mlss Anne Ruth ...... Hayes, Mlss Grace C ..... ...,. Hayes. Mr. Paul G ...... ..... Hayes, Mrs. Paul G .......... Heidenreich, Miss Elsie B .... 157 Methodist ldpiscopnl ...... Nan king, 'Kiatngsu Methodist, South. ......... Nztnking, Kiangsu Baptist, North ............. Huchow, Chckiang I'resbyt-erinn, North ...... Chem-how, Hunan Methodist Episcopal ...... Wuhu, Anhwei Methodist ldpil-:copztl ...... VVuhu, Anhwei Evangelical.................. Yuhsien, Hunan Kirin, Manchuria Holroyd, Mr. A. Waldle ...... Y. M. C. A ................... Holroyd, Mrs. A. Waldie... Huliaker, Miss Martha Hughes, Miss Hulzenga, Mr. Hulzenga, Mrs. Jackson, Mlss Jacobson, Miss Johnson, Miss Kellogg, Mlss Kingman, Mr. Harry ......... Kirk, Miss Virginia ............ Larner, Mlss Charlotte ......... Levy, Miss Ruby ............ .. Lucpock, Mr. Emory W ....... Magill, Mr. Robert A .......... May, Miss Louise C ...... Matthes, Mlss Hazel ............ McBee, Miss Allce M .......... McCallum, Mr. James H ....... McCallum, Mrs. James H... McKee, Miss Elizabeth ........ Mizell, Mlss Marguerite ...... Owens, Mr. Arthur C. ......... . Owens, Mrs. Arthur C .......... Parker, Miss Hllda A .......... Rolland, Mr. Wllliam A ....... Rolland, Mrs. William A ....... Ruland, Mrs. Lloyd S ....... Rutledge, Mr. Chester ......... Rutledge, Mrs. Chester ......... Frledda ......... Lee S .......... Lee S .......... Vera ............................................ Josephine ...... Edith ............ Nora ............ Y. M. C. A ................... Kirin. Manchurizt Methodist Episcopal ...... Yenping. Fukien Presbyterian, North ..... Christian Reformed ...... Cliristinn Reformed ...... Prof-:bytei'iu11, North ..... Seventh Day Advent- Methndist ldpisrfopltl ..... Y. M. C. A. ................ . United Christian .......... Baptist, North ............ Wesleyan ................. Proshytorinn. North ..... Americftn Church ........ Methodist Episcopal ..... PreslJyt.eliu.n, South ..... Methodist Episcopal ..... United Cliristinn .......... fUuited Chris-itlrtn .......... Pre:-ibytorimi. North ..... l.'1'esbyteriatn, South ..... Prosmhytoriml. North ..... Presbyterian. North ..... Church Mis:-wiolntry S00 Methodist ldpiscopnl ..... Methodist ldpisc-opal ..... Presbyterian. North ..... Hunan Bible Institute.. Hunan liihle Institute.. S8,ndel'S, MTS- William. L .... Methodist Episcopnl...-- Scheufler, Mr. Karl W ....... Scheufler, Mr. Karl W ....... Schmidt, Mr. Ben ............... Schmidt, Mrs. Ben ............ Schroedter, Miss Martha ...... Schultz, Mlss Emily ............ Scofield, Mr. Carl E ........ Scofield, Mrs. Carl E .... ...... Methodist Epif-if-oprtl .... - Motliodist. ldpisvopztl ...... Y. M. C. A ............. X. M. C. A ...... livungolicul ..........---- ---- iwmimfniet lepiswrfll ------ Y. M, 0, A ,,,................ Y. M. C. A ...... '.-. . - .Chonr:how, Honun .Rukno, Kiangsu .Rukn.o, Kiimgsu .l-Icngchow, Hunnn Shanghai. Kiangsu ' .Kiukiang, Kinngsi .Shnnglmi. Kitmg:-iu .U. S. A. .Shztoshing, Chekiung .XVuclntng, Hupeh .Sinngtun, Hunan .Ymigchow, Kiitngsu .Chinkiung. Kiangsu .Nunking, Kiangsu .Nnnkiug, Kiangsu .Nztnlcing, Kiangsu .Clntngslm, Hunan flfuichow, Kinngsu ,Sizuigtmn Hunan .Sinngt.nn, Hunan ,Yunnn.nfu, Yunnan ,Kiukinng, Kiungsi .Kiukiztng, Kimigsi ,Ne1nking, Kiangsu .Clmngshrn Hunan .Changslnn Hunan .Nnnking, Kiungsu ,Yenping, Fnkien Yenping, Fukien Nmic-hang, Kiangsi Nztnchnng, Kixtngsi Shenohowfu, Hunan Nmiclumg, Kiungsi Timnuifu. Slntnssi 'l'immnfu, Shnnsi 58 LING U IST AI IVE IIT I SI WHEN YOU NEED BANKING TRAVEL SHIPPING SERVICE Qlntrust your business to an experienced and. reliable concern with an efficient o1'ga,nizRtion and recognized Iinaneial Standing. THE AMERICAN EXPRESS COMPANY ' INC. I-Ifeacl Ofiieez NEW YORK 8 TQIUKIANG ROAD, SHANGHAI BANKING DEPARTMENT CHECKING- AND SAVINGS ACCOUNTS .DRAFTS AND IVIONI-:Y ORDERS TRAVELERS CHICQITES-LICTTICRS OF CREDIT TRAVEL DEPARTMENT IEAILNVAY TICKETS AND TOURS-STEAMS1-HP BOOKINGS HOTEL IEICSICRVATIONS, BAGGAGIC INSURANCE SHIPPING DEPARTMENT A GOODS SHIPPED TO ALLIPOTNTS CUSTOMS CLEARANCES STORAGE : : INSURANCE Other Qffices in the Orient IQOBE PICKI NG VIIIENTSIN CALOUTTA BOMBAY HONOKONO IVI ANILA IHEIJNGUMT Seager, Mr. Warren A ....... Shaw, Mr. Theodore A ....... Shull, Mr. Howard L .......... Shields, Miss Lydie M .......... Sinkey, Miss Fern M ....... Six, Mr. Ray L. ......... ..... . Six, Mrs. Ray L ....... ...... Skilling, Miss Helen ............ Smith, Mr. Herbert R .... ...... Smith, Mrs. Herbert R ....... Stafford, Miss Margest V .... Steven, Mr Walter T. ........ . Steward, Mrs. Albert N. ....... .. Thompson, Miss Katherine L Thompson, Miss Ethel T. Tremalne, Mlss Stella ........... Wead, Miss Katherine H. White, Mr. Locke ............... White, Mrs. Locks ....... ....... Wiley, Mr. J. H ............. Wiley, Mrs. J. H ................ 1. Wllllamson, Miss Iva M. ..... . Wilson, Mr. Robert Wlnter, Mr. T. Edmond 1Deceasedl Wood, Miss Muriel ...... Altman, Mr. Roger M .... Anderson, Mrs. H. C .... Ankeney, Dr. William M. ..... . Appel, Mr. George J .... Banton, Mr. Harold Banton, Mrs. Harold E. ..... . Bascom, Miss Dorothy E. Beckwith, Miss Gertrude Blackman, Mr. L. E. ........ . Blackman, Mrs. L. E .... Bowne, Miss Emeline... Bradford, Miss Stephanie ...... Brede, Mr. Alexander ......... Brede, Mrs. Alexander...i...... Brown, Dr. Susan W .......... Brunemeier, Miss Christine... Burdeshaw, Bysted, Mr. Bysted, Mrs. Louis C ....... Louis C ..... ..... American Church ......... Seventh Dn.y Advent ..... Seventh Day Advon t ...... 159 Nstnking, 'Kmngsu .Chu.ngsha, Hunan Nftnking, Kiungsu Evsmgolicztl .............. Liling, Humm Methodist Episcopal ...... United Christian ............ United Cliristinn.Q .......... Yenping, Qlfukien Luchowfn, Anhwei llnchowfu, Anhwoi Presbyterian, South. . . . . .Nnnking, Kiangsu Methodist Episuopul ...... Natiuelnmg, Kinngsi Methodist Episcopal ...... Natnclmng, Kizmgsi Methodist Episcopal ...... Yenping, Fnkien Hunan Bible Institute...Cliangshct. Hunan Method ist Episcopal. . . . . .Nunliingg Kinngsn Presbyterian, South ..... Methodist ldpiscopul ...... .United Christian .......... Presbyterian, North .... . Presbyterian. South ..... Baptist, South ............. Baptist, South ............. Methodist Episcopal ...... Methodist Episcopal ...... Reformed Church in U. S Womnn's Union ..... 1922-1923 Seventh Day Advent ...... Iivanigelicnl .................. Reformed Church in U. S- Presbyteriftn, South ...... .Kiangying Kinngsu Nunclning, Kianggsi Avllllll, Anhwoi .U. S. A. .I-lsncliovvfu, Kinngsu Hsuchowfu. Kinngsu Slimiglnti, Kinngsn Slmnghui, Kin.ngsn Nnnking, Kiangsn VU. S. A. Shmiglmi. Kin-ngsu Tztkomn Park, Washington. D. C. Yuhsien, Hunan Shenchowfu. Hnimn Seven th .Day Advent. . . American Advent ......... American Advent .......-. COIlg'l'BgkItfl0l1lLl ,............ American Advent .......-- Baptist, South ..... ..... Baptist. South ........---- - American A rn ericon University of Nxinkinl-l"' University of Nllfl'llClllg" Womftn's Union......... Evangelical Miss Rhoda ....., .Mer,115f,1aSt mpiswi1+1l'-- Reformed Church in U- S Reformed Church in U. S Church ......... Clnnrch ......... Nzmking, Kiangsn Nmiking, Kistngsn Shaowu, Fukien Nnnking, Kiangsu Yuugchow, ,Kiangsu Yangchow, Kinngsu Anking. Anhwei Nnnking, Kiangsn Nztnking, Kiungsu .Nit'nking, Kinngsn Shitnglnti, Kiatngsu Shonf-howfu, Hunan Szechucn .Shenchowfu, Hunan .Shenuhowfu, Hunan 160 LINGUIST ADVERTISER 0 Equipment X for Af '1 Every Hg' Hour in the lli. 'QQ , Affful' 1 ,Cf Open K lil. f fW..ff" l 1L.Q1t.Q24"l?tl.f vin Reliable goods and prompt YN. dk I I I I 51. V, service insure satisfaction Xu , fl who . with every order. A .v',-Ll. f X .A '55, '.H,2Q'Af:1 M' "TN Q:-if ' . . Squlres, Blngham Co. :lx Shanghai Che wing On Zo. lltd. 9 N anking Road, Shanghai The Largest Departmental Store in China .--1vhv-b:,s9qg-.q-- -4--- Direct Importers of piece goods of all kinds of merchandise. Come to us and you will get the satisfaction which you desire. It ' is our purpose to pleaS6 all the People all the time. We carry first class merchandi Mail orders Will be given DF0mDt a se of every description. ttention. '1 HE LINGUIST Carter, Mr. Cameron A ....... Carter, Mrs. Cameron A ....... Culver, Mrs. C. P .... ............ Cutchins, Mr. William S ....... Dahl, Miss Lydla .............. Dunlap, Miss Charlotte A .... Eno, Dr. Eula .................. Eubank, Mrs. Carr N .......... .....Reformcd Church in U. S Follette, Mr. Justin P .......... Follette, Mrs. Justln P. ........ . Flatter, Mlss Erna ........ Seventh Day Advent ...... Seventh Day Advent ...... Methodist Episcopal ...... l6l Nanking, Kiangsu Nanking, .Kiangsu Nanking, Kiangsu Business .....................Wuhu,Anhwei .Baptist. North ............. Shanghai, Kiangsu Presbyterian, South ...... Methodist Episcopal ..... . Business ..... ............ . Methodist Episcopal ...... Franklin, Mlss Rachel G ....... Presbyterian, North ..... Gehrllng, Miss Irene A. .... .. Gernhardt, Mlss Ella M ....... Gilmore, Mr. Patrick C ....... Sutsien, Kiangsu Chinkiang, Kiangsu Nanking, Kianqsu .Shenchowfu, Hunan Nanking, Kiangsu Nanlvinpr. Kiangsn Methodist .Episcopal ..... . .Cl1anp,'sha, Hunan American Church.........Anking,Anhwei lfresbyterian, North ...... American Church ......... Hongchow, Hunan Kiukiang, Kiangsi Gotwalt, Miss Elizabeth ...... Reformed Church in U. S.I'uchen. Kiangsu tMrs. John Alstonj Goulter, Mr. Oswald ..... Goulter, Mrs. Oswald ......... Granner, Miss Justine E ....... Grlffiths, Dr. Mary L .......... 4Mrs. Alexander Watsonj Guerry, Mr. Sumner ............ Gulld, Mr. Joseph A ............. Kalsbeck, Miss Wllhelmlna... Kelster, Miss Ida M ....... King, Dr. Frances W .... Kingman, Mrs. Harry Klrn, Mr. Stanley P ....... Klrn, Mrs. Stanley P .... Lowdermllk, Mr. Walter ...... Lowdermllk, Mrs. Walter ...... Mllner, Miss Besse B ....... Moflett, Miss Natalie ......... Moore, Mrs .... ............... Myers, Miss Ruth L ....... McElwalne, Miss Orene ...... Park, Miss Bertha F .......... Peterson, Dr. Robert F ....... Pike, Miss Grace M ....... Pitcher, Deaconess Carollne C. Robart, Mr. Carl ............... Robart, Mrs. Carl ............... Ruhl, Mr. I-lesser C .......... Ruhl, Mrs. l-lesser C. ....... Schubert, Mr. Wllllam E ,,,,, ,, Schubert, Mrs. Wllllam Smlth, Miss Bertha C .......... United Christian ........... Luchowfu,Anhwoi United Christian ........... Luchowfu, Anhwei Evangelical Church Missionary ' American Church ......... Seventh Day Advent... Christian Reformed ...... Soc. . .. 'l'ungjen, Kweichow Pakho., Kwantung Ya, gm-how, Kiangsu Shanghai. Kiangsu Rukao, Kiangsu Methodist Episcopal ...... Szef'llll0ll Woman's Union............ Y. M. C. A ........ ...... Evangelical .................. Evangelical University of Nanking... University of Nanking... Methodist Episcopal ....-- Presbyterian. South ...... Methodist Episcopal ...--- Methodist Episcopal .... .. Presbyterian, South ...... United Christian ........--- Methodist Episcopal ...... Hunan Bible institute.. American Church ........- Methodist Episcopal ...... Methodist Episcopal ...... Reformed Church in U. S- Reformed Church ill U- S- Shanghai, Kiangsu Q Shanghai, Kiangsu Shenchowfu, Hunan Shenchowfu, Hunan Nanking, Kiangsu Nanking, Kiangsu Nanchang, Kiangsi Hangchow, Chekiang Shanghai, Kiangsu Kiukiang, Kiungsi Hangchow, Chekiang Chuchow, Anhwei Nunking, Kiangsu ,Cliangslun Hunan Nanchang, Kiangsi Kiukiang, Kiangsi Kiukiang. Kiangs Yochow. Hunan Yochow, Hunan Methodist Episcopal ...... Nanchang, Kiangsi Methodist Episcopal ...... Unive,-sity of 1Nanlung... Nanc-hang, Kiangsi Nauking. Kiangsu 162 LINGUIST ADVERTISER 0 0 Che llankmg Emporium 60 Ku-1-Lan nanmng Phone: II67 What do you want, please? We either have it, or we can get it for you. We are providers of general merchandise and it is our privilege to he of service to you While you are in Nanking. Yours very truly, Ibe nilllklllg ElllU0l'lllm QTQQQQ-QQ'QQ'Q-Q1 QQQQQQQQTQQQQQQ THE YUE CHAN SHING DENTAL MANUF. 00. IZ LLOYD ROAD, SHANGHAI, CHINA. TEL. C. 6361. The best dental supplies for sale at reasonable prices. Outport orders accepted. S. S. White, C. Ash and others in stock. Prices on request. QQ Qi QQ Q2 Hiiktaiiielwmgw W Taxi' rieuaaf-eaemeseefr it eieaiqegzeeAm.aeueui1g5 li - meaelftelzefaeslfillewl l l Q' QQMQ' Qf'b-Qfb1Q'Q-QfQ'QfQ'bfb'QfQ"B'QQ'QfQfGQ'Q"QfQ'Q 1 HE LINGUIST Smlth, Mlss Ellen E .......... Steward, Mr. Albert N .......... Stone, Mlss Myrtle M .......... Taylor, Miss Mabel ............ Thelle, Mr. Notto N ............. Townsend, Miss Mollle ......... Trimmer, Mrs. Clifford S ...... Voss, Dr. Charles H ....... ..... Waldron, Mlss Rose E .......... Webster, Mlss Florence A... Woodbridge, Dr. Caspar L .... Woodbridge, Mrs. Caspar L... Woodbridge, Miss Jeanie W .... Worth, Mr. Charles W .... ..... Worth, Mrs. Charles W ....... Yaukey, Mr. Jesse B ............. Methodist Episcopal Methodist Episcopal Methodist Episcopal ...... Methodist Episcopal Norwegian Mission. Soc. Methodist Episcopal .Methodist Episcopal .Presbyterimh South Methodist Episcopal .Baptist, North ....... Preshytorimi. South .Presbytei'imi, South l.'resbyterian, South ...... .l'resbyterifLn, South Presbyterian, South ' 1 1 63 Kiukirmg, Kiangsi Nanking, Kiangsu Kiukiang, Kizmgsi Chinkiang, Kiangsu Nanking, Kiangsu Kiukiang, Kimigsi Nanking, Kinngsu Sutsien, Kimigsll Kiukiang, Kimigsi I-Imigchow, Chekiang l-laichow, Kinngsu Huichow, Kiungsu Kiangyin, Kiangsu Kimigyin, Kiengsu Kiangyin, Kiangsu Retormofl Cl uroh in U. S.Yoc-how, Hmmm LINGUIST ADVERTISER Furnish Your Home in Wicker We can help you furnish your home attrac- tively and substantially by our well made, durable articles, either in natural color or stained. Wicker is light, cool, and com- fortable,-a delight to both owner and guest. In numerous patterns we make tables, settees, desks, lamp stands, dressers and dressing tables, children's furnishings and any variety of chair desired. Raw materials from Hongkong selected with care. Puiees most reasonable Kwan Fall Yueng Store No, 209 Fu Dung Djai, South City Nanking LINGUIST ADVERTISER 165 WE GIVE YOU DOUBLE INTEREST PERSONAL INTEREST 42 INTEREST SAVINGS accounts in this Bank yields 4W interest compounded semi-annually. l,000 invested today at this interest rate will amount to l,8l l.40 in I5 years. BUT the interest rate is not all that your account yields. We give personal interest not only to your savings account, but to the multitude of small services that a modern bank can supply you. .Q-.....l-v 6,000 Accounts in 250 Chinese Cities The American-Oriental Banking Corporation "The Bank of Personal Service" Nanking and Szechuen Roads. Shanghai- In due season the class received the words for full and empty. Going to his private teacher one young aspirant to future greatness wishing to make a line impression on said teacher, when asked to give a borrowed meaning for the two words, replied f'Your head is full but my head is empty." His attempt would have carried the day if the Chinese reasoned as we do in this regard. However they regard an empty head as one capa- ble of receiving something and a full head as one into which nothing can enter. What this overly polite fellow actually told his teacher was i' I am indeed a very clever fellow while your head iS Sfllid iV01'y-" l- In the Nanking dialect the words for gift and forthe nether regions are very similar being respectively lee-u and dee-u. About Christmas time the class was asked to use " why' in asking a question and then answer the question. One member proponnded this q110Stl0n "Why does the child like Santa Claus? " S110 then gave this answer 'VBQQQUSC hg gives the children dee-u fhelll. Ilia? E' . t " xa , 4 I ' " ? 'E .-i "'!!.l.i!!f-'isa 'iiEiE?-S59 H M 1 l- , b fgf, lag Jug, 6 iw 5 Jw I ' M it z 3 .1 ' 0 ' .1 Q 0 is F53 X CUEQDT73' " Q A 'HJ N P 0 0 R f H P6 Hwy A ' W J' . .U 'ELMR CY Swknqnw, 'i , N 2 3. - 1 ' , ,,, IIA' ' +L ' ' "sigh- : ' . sg, . -,N S-. Z Qu wg i JA I bla., , .1 li ' 5 ff r : . - I - El. U 5' . 5 ' ca , o I 1 gd, fx ? 5 x 5 1, N' NH . Q G U .lk ff, rf FRA . X N . YJNA ri . F W ox rn ' 9 -XE , , lg Ji x MX4 . 'f X 1 0 ' " -' ' Q xh S ' Q Q X6 5 f 5- IF . IA 0 ,, xx x Q E V3 ' 4 A yi 5 D Q 1 o . A F 1' D 0 ' ,a x f ' ' ' G - IV 9' . Q i u Q . 3' sg f IJ " f? Q so no so Q , SX., 9 XL , B w M W C Rd 5 asf' . , X lg: 11 5 X 4 ' M . 4, 1 1 . ' - , lx .. Q N3 ' 1 3 1 ' '- , Q .X"N 7 I 'fig 3 1-f""M2G . I Q. x ' 1 U5 '4 -' -, rho' Y? 40 C"--f"""'-f' L , - . - 2: -', .....-.. 1' x 1 "1 ' Q Q 'N '- 'M . E X T 5 .fn - 1, K A 34 T1 A 5 ' A 168 bid LINGUIST ADVERTISER 0ne of Ibe Supreme fl f .. it Saiisfaclions of Livinq! HE man who has not learned to curl Ti up on a sofa of an evening occa- sionally and "lose himself" in a rattling good story, or "find himself" under the J ff influence of an author with provocative ideas, is missing one of the supreme QQAQ satisfactions of living. Of course, much 77 depends on the quality of the book. But if if you have your name on our mailing list, we will see that you are introduced to the right kind. Send us your name All-' and the announcements ot new hooks will be mailed to you as issued. THE CHINESE AMEIIIGAH PUBLISHING 00. The Hmenican Book Shop 25 Nanking Road Shanghai W . ,g'lfw:':gf:.w M. rf- -, V,.,,!,, AC . . f "1fw'- M. ' , , ',.-1 HlIIIIIIIIIIIIlI IHIIIIIIIHIIIIIIIIIHUIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIllIIIIIHllllllllllllllllllllllllII!lWlIIIi!IIHIHllllHHHHlllIHIIIIIIIIIIINIIIIIIIIIIIIHINIIIlllliilllllillllllllllllllllillllllllllHHHHHIIIIilHllIIIllIIHIIlH ..... 5 E E ' 2 FEATURING E ' 2 Handmade Laces E 5 Art Eonbroideries 2 5 5: E i' E Swatow Drawn Work E i .,.... 52 E Z: Colored Cross Stitch E Women Underwear -E Novelties S E E Staple Merchandise at Reasonable Prices E E Cbe E Bip Seng Company E ,-1 is 3 21 Nanking Road, Shanghai, China. E TELEPHONE TELEGRAMS E CENTRAL 6704 '-H1PsENG" 2 BRANCH sHoP 2 I2 cUsToM HOUSE ROAD ' SWATOW E CHINA llllllllllillllllll lllllllUlllllllllllllIl1HllllllllllllllllllllllllIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIUIHIIIIHIIIIHIIIlIIIIIIHIIIIHHIHIIIHHIIIIllIIIIIIlIIIlIIIIIIIHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII I . ffl. W. .

Suggestions in the University of Nanking - Linguist Yearbook (Nanking, China) collection:

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University of Nanking - Linguist Yearbook (Nanking, China) online yearbook collection, 1924 Edition, Page 49

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University of Nanking - Linguist Yearbook (Nanking, China) online yearbook collection, 1924 Edition, Page 124

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University of Nanking - Linguist Yearbook (Nanking, China) online yearbook collection, 1924 Edition, Page 163

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University of Nanking - Linguist Yearbook (Nanking, China) online yearbook collection, 1924 Edition, Page 163

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University of Nanking - Linguist Yearbook (Nanking, China) online yearbook collection, 1924 Edition, Page 20

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