University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN)

 - Class of 1944

Page 1 of 356


University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1944 Edition, Cover

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Text from Pages 1 - 356 of the 1944 volume:

Z 2:-6 si hx ,, it . ' gd 2? 19" :A -- W- W llllll f gm E5 The I944 Gopher was published by the student I body of the University of Minnesota under the Benson, Business Manager. l s direction of Phyllis Kremer, Editor, and Marjorie Color Guard-the University of Minnesota Naval ROTC passing in review. UTP THE GOPHER HAS ATTEMPTED TO REFLECT THE LIFE OF MILITARY AND CIVILIAN STUDENTS AT MINNESOTA AS IT WAS IN I943-I944 1. . wana In '1-me-, . 41. 0 O O O -7' V 'W .. IIIIIdIi3d,gtQNI I. . V.: RI i,II I M-QI I, I . 3. ff' , V 'Wav '1"f'9? .' .,,.:v- 5 'Zu' lf-Pw :.:fr?w1Gr.. - "' " J- 1310" li' Y .' 'wwf' 5' "L"-PW , ,..r"f .:,,,,:'Vnv21f'ffIf'i. ... .v...,--mx. w "' I X I'.Ir III-IIII-III IIIIIII . :I-IIIIfr,,4'j7Li1"1't 'eff' y'-V..,.Ifv'-241 14-:,n,r" ' 5 I we j III ,I,II I2 ,-If-r-. ,. I I'mjII:JJ If H.: 4, . I W' K f' 71 '- " 1. ff' 3 ,,,4'2fj7igI,. k5ff.T"5w-nf'-f'f'j'fi'QfL1,1w,fzQ'1ff:5t'fQff2fAV.-5-1772-fffjgiiif'fm ' f 1 '.' ' -L.-V f' . 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GV ':fI'g5jQw,.'f.g.Q: . . . , mf: mf mmafw-uma? Mm x Vs Q ww w- 1-I--f'72'f'Q:i,If-1555,-.L I 'JMWZI' YTFVQ, I..,...5,, . -x -'mmq,, zrnlig' v.,....,, .. 44 . -H. .M-5 nf., ff' y . 1,I,", ',:j:,.', if g.'I.:e'-I za" ' 'sz-bfxzcfafeivi-Wv!'v,':ffv'a:wf'--S:-'iw. . ,,,5?lHf4,f,.r,I .2 ,, .faq . .H J P -rxH.fw4.vR,:nl1AJ7I'hrMWh"l'1l"1'S'1F5lL!7 ,I 'VL'--2-,n -.--.- .. ' x Ion mu Th FOUNDED IN THE FAITH THAT MEN ARE ENNOBLED BY UNDER- STANDING. DEDICATED TO THE ADVANCEMENT OF LEARNING AND THE SEARCH FOR TRUTH. DEVOTED TO'THE INSTRUCTION OF YOUTH AND THE WELFARE OF THE STATE. Co those who still have the faith that men are ennobled bg understanding . . . the men who keep that faith in the face of realities which seem to deng that human beings can understand at all . . . to those who are carrging the search for truth to foreign battlefields and through foreign skies . . . the men who are dging that others mag learn to live with each other . . . the 1944 Gopher is dedicated. 3OUYeF4Ng V4!.,.V hvous STAR I I I A ' W uns Storming 'Base ANNE I V Captures ' 'A""'?X U R U Ve... Junction fmwghg i.v3fhnVhI Kev x ' 5 Z' 4 3pUn3epex'Bend ...VV Q. VI ,ne V-I vnnx-.xnxx flu-PJAK Ml .ond II ,,.,-'ff-ef-f'A Kg:-W wnI.I,VIV,.-A .VV I III ,A .V.V...s:Vx,.:VI-.h :II X w. , Ve AAA,.,I,mI, A h 2: N-N"'f'f'i"ZjA ..,.A X 3.621-' -V. V 'X ve. N" . M eV.. Pe-,A AVA The Cam pu and the ' Y uhnnnx V- e. 2 -A3 VV W-skew-1.11.-A fgg, 5 'A V f'-- 't 1.12 1- -gff33Ajg:g'AA4A A - . ,V V .fI.lZilV Mxxwehvous STAY. AOURNMVWQ A yearb II I I IIA :II 'I.IA I. g,-, . ,.-A V :,A...AI A T A oo . 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V V 'f4ffVVVZLV fbaw .A ' V Tnfgf 56,-,iivighh 'V"'f'1flf'7 A' Varseifg-A-f4lAA. A -zfff VllTV."T'i'A-f73'ffWfA" ' f ?g'1-IQQVAL, - 'E ' "7 f Eywfrr 'S H " 5 G he 5 ' f ,V ' 131. Qwloillgff n 'I AAAII 55 V' I AV I I' "ffm ,L I WW 1-A., MU -'::A1gI.3f.-.EI I IAV:IIj',I'AAI.IAAIA- S IQIV II VIII V II, AV IA A A '-QIAIIIIII, 'E ' A - ' VV AV ' " Wir. V "W 54, ' " V- VI' :VV V V -ee-. A fx IIIIIIIII I AI. A I I V 14 I Vwgg: VII I V :Uwe .A VAAVA gj hV:.II:IIIIII A V II, VI IXFh,e-555-.V K Ih..VIfLI 1 NI -"fl f"MH5e3?Le2?.VQg. V 7 fquef. ' ' fi?-'.'ZZf'M--G.. -:lf ' NNE I 2 V,.n.ItI,V.A. I LVIVIAAI A I5I f5lAIAIIII AI I -V Iygigx-. 4 fglfn, pjpvnfgng A:IIVV:IV'5g" V:-IIIVAIAVI,III:,IIIIIfIIn.,, I .V-.Af I -V5 A A IIISIII A, AI Ii Ie .V II - FIIIII III: -V ,A ,I UIIIIII SIIIIIIII. AA-, - I ff,.,.,Ip,,.h., 5. mrs? he f - VV "'-V "'--- Lu., Ne, 5 - - A 'V V V - s V- A 'V Ten. " me G31 "'N'NeV ' -V.:1':.-1, MQW Sdminf' SW' HY' llfiz?-igkfrigl Gun:-.ul V g,"'0r. 6 VV on Reee CW I: 33:5 ?':"fW'x--V5 """"'13g--egg, -li ' A' 4.: fm? Say """""' W' e'e"i".B'Af?f?T'a'l ' Serif?2iffAi-A--V-A"'-Vd F' V G'fVVVJ'eVd e 'V"'i VAVAV'-.:ffgpTA7 'A-A " '26.zE2:'.aLf.e'Tl . 'e V . " "M-' Zi 7"'ey ' ' ' ' " Sheff Y A ' ' M A Y' ' ' IM' L "iz """' fV'f:......:-:nr Ley.:-M--er' -f ., .en.e4.. ,, Efiiem. - ' F V A ' ' ' Va.:-f .,,-f--.- --e.-,.,.,. -, ..AA A-e- --Veer--...QA--eff-011. ' '--'-- ee e' ' x ' een-: .Vere VVVV e - h V A ' Nussvahvous sfmn gsovmihx hd INNE .A h .1 IJHNNYIIWOHS STAR 3OgRhqPQ,qIII5l . A IV A A AA AA 'X 0553- IAAIIIAPQLIS S.V.AA. A .V VVVA V A V V Smde Denies Affah- Ge'nW"Ya1xX4s Huh Greate FS'a'SGre f V TAF Awe. V Q L -hx Shake. With19-Year-Old Giflxgxfifi V ' 'On Re ef Rm... ' tom1I as CS I V VMSAN A... A... Au 'Heat at Gem fur-V ?yI5VV.f, ya I -Lung SDL D636 .1 ' '1"'3 3 I films?-lexial.5-:Vn.:IQ.nIx...SfA...,KIff Dux , '- ' ' 'e T' '- Ur. 'xv gx mm " 'A a.,xVTVniII V I if hIIiII I I , h.VIAIIIII VIIIIII efI AVAIV1IIjI1 ' A c:Ic:?II?T?:II' I II - "Q-:Z:??jIIUI:IA- 'af VV V ,.,,n,,. 1,-. ' '5 'H ' 'e q,,.'-'4 '- ' ' fe ' Af' V:fV. ' V ,A f "'fI ,A ' NV ggi ".A 3 :Ay-if th :In--..A"v...,,:.. -41V .uhh -V -fn: - V' .Nyq- gn f sg.,5r.::.,3-'L1.s' S :fl ,wsgffrr 1 -,,. .x I, a,,,,,. , ' "a.epg'5vLx.,, V ,V Qv.r,pM-A"..'I fm .,.., ,Um ' f?f',Rec5gg'w+-- 0 0 Rai .,., Capiuign' Rip a I O n I n ' , ' 55' w:ffPvf5-tiff' . 1 7' "wif" :if . -- 4?f14-ff.'?,,f"?'fG,s,,iiifififtf i' f2z?5,,5..1J5 1ffsgaiff"y:'L52E5Q-:gasif .A Fu., 'Un ' ' 7' ' ' - f 145' f5.3f3:.,:572 5f535TEElT" rt with you, chum. The Jug closed to the dismay ot Wu Shake Semed: everyone who lived there, and we left George with MW ""' ' '- .-o' ' -'.. only what was nailed down before we went out for the .N"'eM"'eOF9"n'1a."""s12g-,Tg,4,l - - z " Are Declared Inactive V ,Av :::',,g1:f1j , 'xfggi-1-y1.,, ,,,'f,"f 34 - f" :,,,, . - - - -1 'i.f'1l i?'11f31+i5:E33 EH" 1' 1-. "if, ,- ,WW .,,- 5 -,::3sj7 :"' ., H ., .. an ,Z last time- into the tresh air. Y Q- ,.,..f,,. s ,V fgggggg-3521 ,," A We tried to et arts ot it all into the Go her: but, 57'-H11--lb-f'I:3.IS-34 .7f,,,qff1 i- ,jaw Q y 3 P As9n,,f..,-sc Q S , M in , ,A my , L ulll MW, of necessity, we left out much. With this new type of ' Kiwi' if JMINNE' lf"V5'71? - t' 525.374 S1-fs-, ' iff wr book, however, we could cover things more completely. -11227, c5'eeA'f ST " . . . 'ff T1 ,A iv, JOU You may like things this way-you may not, but we felt Fm'-H1'eW"'5'nQ as A- r is S fam. zgure "'- M Iilsdelmuus Role x.c'..J111..f1rfl-4 Biff -,.., M, 8455600161 f::,, 5,,, , 14 . . . ,.-,:1-f+ff-ff- A "' - -if-Mg, ,, - M 4 015' torced to try something new-just tor kicks. You can't 5-f'f?5i5Ea'zga,g1,f:B"l,t"ln?'0tl Ha553llB00lt'b'aPf , .- E.,T:,5Z.:f' fflvazls xii , A ' ' 1 I ,,1ff:f"f-ff: ' or-'---N. see the blood, sweat, and tears that went into it, and it's rg M y I I 'I I 'fgffs?uSsia 3331 Bac . . . . """ff1fff"':' "l1.Qi5 , W ' Plflfflcf 3 ll' ' -. ' ' probably just as well-we had a tune time putting the -1g+?ffi5-5123-I-'L ' - 5 ,fjg23g55.j5qg'ff"f?fA,f,.f tg , wlfiill . . 5-f 1 of 2 " '55,3-1-fps:s.,fYf'1frf'2l' 7. ,S ff.fgfk'WR book out, thou h, between ar uments on OlItICS, both -S 41:14 ,2:'i7Z:'Z'.,'Q"g5'i1:,s5'5 f 5 T02 S .'::.:1:-,1:.T:: 21:15-.zz : z.. -.. 1.,"'f-1... ' . ' Q aa. , "'al9'-1 . :gm .. gs, j'1:s ,, E ,f 4: -ff g.:?2.'r-N campus and national. We don't regret one of the after- l gggsgeq ' . . . it -- leg, Qi X, ,xg "5 ' il , gfiptlf-'Q midnight hours spent at work: and we wish we could pub- X F -Q W L- A , "M v lish the originals of several of the copy blocks -or some . 5, 4 2? . . . . 1 X . ' ,.-, ot the lctures which we are now usln for blackmail. We ' Q. pf? Q is irq .., 9, S69 Qc' 'gy N5'.z?.,- Nz: 5-'fa1."4" gp-b- ,, : - -M fa ,, ,sggggr . . . . , . as ' 4, 53.5515 .,., 1 ' , ij N'-'if made the usual mistakes, such as filing Important docu- G30 yg,Q,jf?j?kff?3p:22., 155 ments rn you-know-what tile: and our motto was "Noth- QSBO, 4q,'? x,,g5.r 635515 sggjjvj-r 4-aa. .r . . ,rf 2, ,54?fQ51',f V,, ,g j""' ,"ff1:laff?? f?Q-ff.: ,5zf12!Q,f"i,Ei:f" mg else CAN happen on this book!" But we were QQ' Q , -gf .zggf7f1J,-1 . . 6 - Q? usually wrong, something always did. Q , :,Q?fvf,9" " WC-1' Q0 A Q9 - ..f' -Wax Q , ff ,ff -f , ,, - - - -, .Z 1. -- 'IM - . ,4' .of gf' ' .fi--1-.s s,f.1j"':f ff Well, have fun with it-you can use it eg? - ,b'p9 Q"-a'k,Q4xk'FS,. ,, ,'g,13,,fi,,Zj,5,f l . I vf',4!vlv,,J KQF-, 1 1 ' ,Ei . wg A: X, Xxx,-' ,' W,j:.33gi,7: QE' " for a paper-weight it nothing else. . ,,,iffff,ff,,s ' 1-f. - ',pfg,Sfegf,, , "'R"'i PHYL KREMER, Editor x ' Qvfxosgf. 3-offs -1, ,f1:54'YXt-QP fri'-Fff' UYLNPSLQ' X Y'+s'5Z'k,1- g 'V ,. f ,,.,4Q-,erZ,Q'E" Gus STAR ,rrs a .,,. gpe gut X we ' 2 Uayigi , ' ffff r- - ,f2.if.,w Y , , ,,.,, a ' -s , x s x 21-g,'.f4. - 5, fs-ff Q .Hx EPS , ,rsl g RUSS, td, 3 Wi! ' V 'W , if-"rNai1 Footixo ' X l ,rw , 'r'r"s' 'f 1 ,,s,r fgombefs C ,,ru:eN?t??Yffs H r YUM, massive. N rr . wif we Q s 2' Le? Nails A Hwrwafu e ' A -.'54"' Txa Yegfvfj' Aff' 'f Drive on v f -22--s by 5mm aw A 'fJa7?"4 Mk-M? 0691, - Fifi, awe C'of472:5'K S I V -",jJi71"1'.7T'f if-?5?:fl572' ' ' 7 5' -Q-LT 5"""1L:5:fw "' g rZw"2,,,,es5 1 7 'cooox P'2:5??i' ante' ,f-ew" 1415! 'ilu-Wt 2f,'ff1fi3i'22i1 's" J ,,?5iaa'!:2'2Ya .l?l l C0'Qi36'tY213i 2 "' t'g'eaf' 9:'1?Z"Qof-5'f:iSWt'lS f ' -Ziff? Sub' ,tif iiiilfrhdine 0f,fF-7527375 - pf' KQQQSQQQV P9 N5 .J fi? I ., Z JL:-4, an achhga. ,f,-.535,'2L.51L. Cy:,1'Y'??'7i--,is Nazi. 'Q i"f Ik ""1 -gififfjfgseet,41-'f+4f,,, 1, V z , SL J n A , ' 3715 5: 3 Rami B? Aggqcll ff-2.3-"5fi1g,,,Afkgnlina Jaw chief' U . ,f ., , ,... ,...,, , , ., ., .f . ,. . v , 7.5f9k'Q',. "fo ' 'fly I' 'f,', yu in-may---4'-T.31'33gg---'-1 - ,,A,-.,, -,.-.. ',., ' H fdi Blg --"Sw Jap! U' ,sly-s"!7f3 , , .,,f:,4F,,49, I Y 31 ,V ,ts ,,,.. r.. ..f ,3,?1gq,AyfMhV.f,e,.,3Eiu,fs ,Hhs , qL,,,4,7L4,-55:,V.., lW,mT::xZ,,.,,,. ',-, : ,,EL..g5,3:,2VMW:mJz,:,Zf,.--1 '- V ' ?2:7,ff.?:Ee?w ' V ,. , Yanks CenterAftack 'Saymm Y - """"" 'A" ' 92" -f-7,15 Z'LLf.:'1f:13.1fE -r , r -2g1gz,ef,gf33 . r"' t Y anks sf' tif!-f-Eizsf., 1 gi, -74a . Z W-4, , , K ,0gg,-?,.4""S"'1'11Sles'1'?5?a5'fH on C:Qsriff'0'd6Bfsute QM A my H,,M,MW,-W y QE Mig' Qi: 5 :r,.,...,-,.,....,,,.,,,,.uA M by u klyts g,,.,1ffw ,la,,,Q2.3f,sy5.f-1jgf,j'I,,ge.1-3 v f "'m""e""fr"'r"' Aw" , y ,.,. Hul1Deb1y5 s ,. Gcrmansf Army Recalls 900 ASTP Men. ,::sf,z1p:s:4ggL-Zf ffae, , E , ,f Analyaisqf ' 'Hin Back f '5'f,,,.-um if r-'- , 'i,,,,,z5f:z """ ' 4 " ' " ,.::'Jtrd:::::'.,L::::f::' ' ",LCg:5?Qf7" Q?f,g?,9::'1 1'-EQ? 5,1 ' 'WH'-X "'- K, :Wi 'Russ Move ' , ,:, ,.r, '1'-4 Fiercely A'i7f',V'q-r1'22'5'lai:,:?b0"' :Arts Comm1HeeSers 21:55-rn-.:g.v,f.-as111.2 jgafff' .-f511z'f'5:fgC:1f: 9z2,:1?i- , ,, 'W --Q , M lag.:-.wzz .-,,,,,,,,,..,.,t, mmws. 343:-'ff:3:527gT..,aa-'57 Z1 W 'f' :Board Filing Dafes xii--iiL?f'2ff-?9f,'2?-Zia -'f'i' may i 4 j:fQ:a.f..1fpgufzssszz . ,,?itrffs?f'::.w "fa,:,???42'fs'i ,.Qwf',f+f,,, 7' 4 , ' '- if " 'K " " -53311S9f,fe1Ei?"5!:'?':'f:E'r:-,333955 ' ,,w:1f"',-fiffga. 6-'Qpffrf' mL'3TT?f" """ ' ' ' 1, " it-ff.-f, ?ff?,1y:Z3"Z,fg23-'LEG I A Mfif mfifZfl1'?",lffI,f , fri' li':E"1?Tli:' ' if 'l ,WW ?37'34 ...J .-fs-so-113.-,,,, ,F-A5f.:'5s f:gr4sfA,.f.f,pfL,,e,,f,g,- - Wee , ,. -,:g.,f y ,-,', 1,33 ff"f"M"'f ',1:5-Lyn,-,n-g5f.gff "wr f,5.1f,:zf'.,s:'.:-ff' V if flffjfii fflffiwf' ' f s e, r : 'ff-1 zfffff'4'a,:gf?w-21:1 "Yi-it - TPM' L"Sf2riflf'ii'llfh - -A 1f1'f1'-'AW .-,-- - 1114227 A -, ,, rivfflivwii ti 'ef-iw. ' Conan fu-'+r"'iTW"'M " 1"..-rziz:i'LfW2 .Y .N'fQ-23115 1211117 -Eff. - ' ' w2'gg":.a.:1'3,gf.m Hifi " -- dmlis i V, ,, ., , a,wg','SZZ?!?+unda V ., CD,.19'l- H ' ,, X "" 'W 5' iw "i' M' Wpox vfixafs vt .rs-af, . . 'ff .'.i. :.:.,' 553:.."'f'E-2l'31'w', U ' fff,T'f.' 'Ai'i'.l13'?f-225554 ?f"vii,r i5'5E7'fi':i '5 '5"1::i if QW '9 O ' ' tffs'-1 'aff f 'L'f:fr':'. 1 'tif' ef'7"""':f0' 139545 ?'f"' " b '4 XX ifgdiaoacoo i M1 Que X5 sms Below, y e -f W9 V 2, A 5 A - , . , NNEA , 3311353 ifff"' " V u , iii? A W' 3517 ,f.f.gg1, ff. 571-3 36"f5S3 POIIS ,-'. - 4. -11 .. --v' rs H F ' -"- W- A 1" " l':"l3'1: - 9-,z,j, :2':r:'i'ff f 17 I -sf ' ' ''QILL . ' ',, 5. 1 - , - by , ' "1 '- :Lf-A+q,x1,,fcvs ff J ey ,' , o 'T U Y .. , . , , A 'L , . , ' , , QQ, "uma K tifwi dy erflf ST, . ,. , , ..,,,. f . ,, 2 ff , , . wo Qihce , 4 J K- -114. -60,14 ,X ,II , . 1 ,gy-,Q I Y -Q V I A . 02-:m5Lw...z.:L' wa .TW 1 meds New 4 -. L V, Y fjer , g 7 gf. xxgpsv. :sh-,allit . ,- , jj, 09, ,,..,,, A V f ' . , ywain. 4, Qu 6' dry, fi -5 -'Viv v"',f'. ' J' ' " , ' AL W ,. --- Sl . 2 '- " L'-4. nw' Tv- Fu, N qrref GB-15l""' bi14:fw',.-'- 1: .fy - Y, , ' 1 .-4 '--4-V,-.-- 4 Krimmaal , - ,732 's Ly' -lzq ilfff -1 L -132 ' ' STAR 3 .I Kala 'en 556' Affmd Bodies l ii 22'+-.W a if ' fifty 'rr-fiuffff. litsjjll Vairziagik X vw Wim x , , ' x hr pl :N M Em 'TM V, J -V Qi I Rl, F ,i'-1:1L,gff:Lg3E3.,fg,f. X f-aw -V ,,,.. -1x- 2 Nui. Fm UB. . t lr' g ii -W U lv K.-4 LL! -gtifjizl A, r Q., A ki i H? i F to Dodge gn Awaull Yu nkSDEl" ll T' " ' Q 'lifT.'Z"'-U, . a -- . ' i 'J'-'f,.2E.Q14Q1E -S' ' y ':Z:- . f L ' . - W- sg f ' . 1 - s -ff ff--" 551118 'gtsi Nwfffu. Bei' tw, , ,ERN OM , 3 Didnl. Lepke IUSIFGHS ..,gjf,,..u- VA '--it . ,R J cm Coixrf filegdi be A4 ,, .V M,NNEAp0r,1s5TARJ0URNaL1,,,4i y f ' ',, Q, :LQQZBQS-54-4 ' C n Recover' EAPQLIS STAR J0URNAL1,,4t 1, . l 5,j,,'g,5,,g1g0:gf,,5,C,:,,.,, Berhn Never a 2 d Raia ff- 'ai-Ei-f5-ffF5i-':1'f-',wI,i-A131223H-, ,ss A - ' md Sicilian Hospital ffl flfifi Says Report QD, , ln I ltigf Nazis Pulling Back Toward 5 .s M. 595 3' uf, "" 6 7-mtl" Rriffliiiil 'l- 9' -mm., D-...-. Am-- t....... M....l,... .fra-MffLif'2i?,.:i " " ' i i Q ..,.r f X5sisi""zff'i W .iI'iY?f, ,1A,. IJ - ,wmv .X ., 'Vwn 'SUN - I I fm I J' Ur 1-, sl '4 f-, C-ff fr.- 1' Uh, fr HUM fffm A Q1 Xa... NJ., 7' 'Q , 'Q Aff?-fn. E Che realization of a dream of the late 'President Lotus Delta Coffman and offlciallg christened bg the Class of 1944 at their matriculation as freshmen, Coffman memorial Union was one of the newest miracles of college life. with its towering main lounge, 14,000 square feet of main ballroom, artistic color schemes, and luxurious furniture, the Union became the central Point around which the recreational life of students revolved. Ular changed the Cerrace Cafe into a reading room, the Grille into a cafeteria, and the third floor into a mess hall for the Air Corps. fl-lundreds of servicemen mingled with students in the lounges, howling allegs, and at dances. In an average dag, the Union entertained 6,000 civilians, 4,000 soldiers, and 500 sailors. 1 If PY' I' If' , AN - S 'i '- "L5fQQTffff54f l : 'Nxt , M-vm' '-'11-qcLf": t ,V l ' c X' qi f::'a-iS'b.,,..,4: iv Q4Q',Lz:Q'.gjL'Z. -U " li-fi,-xxx : -M . f - Firm---4 ' 1 Q 'Me ' . ,1:4:,'a-"1 . - it C, K ..w....,.,s,..,....,.q...,.m,m- ,V i W T aft: nqut D-ml: wwf-mm r-1?PioirllXl"bIT5f4l': rm- W ML 4 liawrlilll , gf: K. ei.a3l3'ww ,frf-,ifikl-' Y i UH l , fIi!'f!'i.' Y: 215 -Q xf'H1f:'m '- kI.l5H.:'l: -ll-lg-4:1 :- F"vCra2'i'l, , 'li 1' - l sl n 4' i l 1" 11 ' NYC? Mir-ff Qi? ,llli f 'R -' , 3l5'ilLAl'2-2 .35 14, ' s l l .fl m if lisa ? 4 1 1 fi ifvfr:i9.f2' E936 1235 fzffsi 1 u -1 - 4 g l fi i ,J ' 3 ' V , ' ' , , "mu J ., We U U l l l P ll' 1 flil , i lt 7.1 1 fa: M r, Ai' ff so l l l Ll, li. E I Q ..,. ,- Y Aa 3, ,L -MW, 1 5 U, bv, A V , an Y: M tl, . , U :L:Lt.:QQ:-,::3:T:---75"'1,,''fflfljf ---- H" '- H t , , ,,,. .....-is N' . ,,,.....,,....f'-f' N. it I JFV.. ..,. .V KM- iw U Mp ff' , N ' DJ ' .-fl ,arg-N -- -ami.. Xp, ,.f,:,,. xg ' Q, f , ik 4 H .NN.-.N X -, --..,, ix, X I 3 . 2? V A ..Q- ,., H., ' 3 a f 1 'lf-.5 7 2 li .iff f .rwatr ' 4 - - wwf 7 1 ,,:. G.. .Q X? . Vi, . '-., '- -NW. ., . S- 5' X. 1 I9 X 1 . . mfg.-,. ,,,.,.,,- 1 12 41 .. .z1g,z. 'af 1 fwwzz . gg f yc,f-1,,,.z 11 - - , ,g - .fAj41,4.,g, '75 ' ff I 3 ., 'il 5? iff,-. l 5 ' ef ai 'f"f3'. ' .wif . -1 6:53 x4 , , 1 ,.- . .Www ,Q wi, -ilk 53,9 2" ' Lfkv -M. W- ...yN..., E. 1 ,ac g'? MK i -,mwmwfaw 4...+:z 1 L 5-. ! ? . .W , fwmv - 1 'Known to all students at the Universitg because all students had to take exams or write term papers, the Qibrarg grew in its first gears bg donations. At the instigation of fDr. william watts Tolwell, a room in i'0ld CDain', was the first space de- voted to the librarg. In 1895, the regents provided the old librarg, now 'Burton 'I-lall, and the new one, planned during the last war, was completed in 1924. cllewest addition was the war reading room which contained books, maps, and other informa- tion concerning the present war. 'Ghe Universitg Qibrarg, which included the Law, Ag, and Universitg 'High libraries, this gear had 1,256,623 books, some of which were, of course, "in the bindergf' """ffQTj'1M WW -,,1,,,,g,, 11. ,-3:1..,,, ,. 1., -our-1ILrs'Z,1fu!LL,a:u"E,ffh3-gif? sw- 3- -,-.-1-, as Q5 li li H3 rn it rmf in V 'U UUU'f'TfffU1"D2'gl3'I9'?9QF'Fig,fXj - " """o " "" A " " ":gg""r'M"' ii f f" v..lJA'- , 57?-5 V 655, -gi -zsigi If -557 .74 -sJ'sFt M E A M . J p n t 1--' -ri it -1 3, wi li 55225541552 tj 'T tif lil!! l-in iii? 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V f ,Si 35 I K , .57 Q 2 ' W f ZV:V 15 4- a sf- V fm-G21 3 2 X iii :gi Q 2 gg if 5 3 , qw 1 M . f . . , A W ., i ' 5 -1-..-A - 1- ,V -,z ,V - ,L:'v:4ggVGb.:.V:12" ini, .556 1 'm,,,i,.fVE ' Q H1 4 A , 4 "gf :fn 7, ,Wg mv , , 5 ff VV Q 'W .0 -12225 3,3 ,,,f V f 4 ff 1 2? - RW:f5:r X 5 1 Z ' - pf an Visf: 'Built in 1896 and used until 1929 for all convocations, gradua- tions, sgmphonies, and Artists Course concerts, the Plrmorg was remembered bg undergraduates as the place where theg stood in so mang lines for so long during freshman registration. 'Headquarters for the CROCC had been in the Armorg since the last war and for the CTICROCC since 1939, but during the past two wartime gears, the building assumed new importance. from the Armorg, Captain Gates, Colonel King, and their staffs directed all of the Universitg militarg activities. Plrmg and navg classes were held there, and servicemen guarded it at all times. ' f, iff xp' f 'I f .,..f.v5 3, ,-px f 1' 'fffiisf f "J -:, 2"143j-5:17'5,f,,fv ' ,, x -wa . ' ZLY"""l.""u"' Q '-yw-,- .M zviwf : ,L Lr---7 " ' " l 3' 1-.f.,, 1 LJ 'Lf-f ' :A , Ziff x ' ff H gg" f-Lap "'iFjT'.?g :rip Efflfra. . -11'-il 4 nf- 2.31 . ' -' -':'l'f,5.-1 '2' ' ,,, . -" ' Q .- .v "--..v, .. It KLM- ,Img i. ' fx pi 1. .. 'If 'far 115.55 nuff: -, ' +1 '11'f::' J. tm' V '55 f ' -,iff ' 21: 1' 53117 -5-NI.. ..-...L :..,f:,: X .1-,ff C'-1 1:1 iwfrifl my I' -" ,o Q1,' :-231'r' Si " .'l'f1i-il --ml" 'ian .1 V 51,541+ K' 1, ,rf-iq, i41 ,,,,,f , q 5i5a,i?L ,gym K9 1 TZ'7i'3f:it 2557 1 1 A ' fPEffaf -A -fsffrw mlm'-ff' AF'-. , --vii i-f'f14'Q1w.-: , ,ggi fl ,gLr'i'.1 75.53. V, L 15,250 'f.Sg1f':jj:N1 VZ: hs? ig L5 2 l3Y,:,Q..i,: fs- w:::aia ,, ,w.ff-A , af 5 5 4 1 . ' ' 'sv ."'-M "'ff3UTfV' ' . '1f::ffa.,:,zaflf3f5I. f - u zwfil A 7"i"f fif:ti"1Q' gig' , an : .. .awwa"-'1t:.r:.f,' 'i.,.q,. A.,+ Q.. ----4--G-""'f-, - -, ""' , WE: :ey 97' 'sf f' "' "H "H-'W , -115. lm y:5Qg3'A ..4.4.gj5:L. . T . 'S ffl H flig' L if',,....qJgg1i2'.:zg, f 55 , 1951 5-2 1,-mr?" 6 fa--if--5 -1 Y wg. "pw , j-- gi--'fc L' - 1 -i F .lf .-.,,7?7:,ry' .. 'mm I. A yyw, Papa.. ,. 3- ur nf? ' . , If z .i1 y'1y4jjff','. H , jjgrga in.-I wr X , Q -R WT- .j,qg1.qlg:'i5, 'ww--.L... ig-QW S ,..,.cL:, - fmeagi v? ,W V, ' """ - sfff+, -1 e,- fl' ' -..M -...-....w:::.:,. --r" , - A Y "' -QF., WF N Fig yJ HJ fi: 7f3 W, , ' gxj LJ FAT' ",4'1X ir 1 Y - - , Q 4 L - T' with the completion of the administration building in 1925 the administrative offices of the Universitg were brought under one roof for the first time. Until then these offices were scat- tered from Burton fl-lall to the basement of CDain Engineering. Che Office of the fDean of Students was in the chemistrg build- ing and the postoffice traveled from a b arre l in the basement of lfolwell to Eddg hall. with the expansion of the Universitg, the new building fulfilled an urgent needg and this gear the nmaaa WQFQ ann expanding. in 1942 war brought an additional office to the fifth Hoot of the Administration Building, the en- gineering science and management war training office which trained 4,000 people in 100 various courses this gear. 7 sw .V ig. . ,ga vf- 1 . r .11 ,ini Ci ug- M, SAR" ..' -,: 'E Q1-51 'T ff' RTV. as Lyitg .lwiiy " i. ' 1'-Iv' I .x l'-vi ,a N' N-EM ull 'lima an .X 41 - , lag Lf' x hx E 1 x -, X' I K ' J sniff- " " ij., ' j a. .I p sf S556 '-fm mi yen, ,, la .0 1 YV" flag' if "E L n E" Q c "fi H ll il ffl? iinaifsz fini-E.. 5-,f "'--1. -fi in-r fu: iiiiv "M 7f ll Wx' iznffxxpdi l als V if M -- ' ' v in 'li f .7 r, .,'n 1924 - ."n,' ---- """lgff .a li E'-al W' flifiifl 1-mfl. . ,..ifv-..'i'H.,' ' 'wbv1fa1,:,Q .ll-yr 5, 'Tift .--,--llws -Qafiffiijw .:..l.... .M r ,, L:,3'4l','3g -1xv.'.1' -:fpqg W lfmcel 1231 it'i -d:"12'ii2 4321153 'c if f , Lf . a wa- 4. if: -1.1 iq l. l ' 0' ' l :. L Eh gy. 1 4 --If . . - i 5 an E , : , .----J 7 5-rv 13.11. I i -----' I , yi aka,-Fan f--- ii .. . A ' I-fa -- - ' '34 :"'1"':l1i iff lin f V7 x wpxp 71,0- ' 3 v W w 5 gl JM J 4 ff L 11: fu 'x ,fx 411 V1 .f-. ,- , , , , , , - , X 1 , ,f- N5, T 1 , g w f , w , f , ' gy J J ,J , kj V The Stars and Stripes over "mighty sprawling Minnesota The University Dean Williamson, Elizabeth Bird, and President Coffey during one of the many talks that helped students and faculty to a better understanding o-F each other's problems. D PIIQCITIC TI - The inspiration in the search for truth comes to the students from two sources: the administrators who work with them in their curricular and extra- curricular activities and the administrators and stu- dents who have gone much farther than we to hunt and fight for a peaceful way of life. Not until later do many students realize that they have, in fact, been helped by the men who comprise the faculty and administration of the school. Too often these men seem to hinder us in our college careers, but we cannot realize too soon that "for your own goodu is a phrase that they tire of as much as we. For our own good these men have studied and worked to learn how to handle the dynamic per- sonalities that college students so often acquire. This year the campus itself was dynamic, and many changes came to the administrative and aca- demic group. A total of 570 employees left for war dutiesg and of that number, 459 joined the armed forces. Of the remainder, many were doctors and nurses who went on active duty overseas. From the student point of view, the strike in January was for our own good, but members of the administration spent many a sleepless night before the strike was settled and classes resumed. For our own good, too, the Office of the Dean of Students was completely rearranged this year. The department was set up in a series of units, and each unit was brought closer to the students. People who attended the University had the opportunity of knowing the men in charge better than any previous class. Despite the fact that the main oflice was nick- named "Stupid Affairs," every student who had con- tact with the organization knew that this was far from the truth. To everyone at the University this year, the campus was very different from an ordinary year at college. There was much yearning after "the good old days,', much talk of those who had gone, and many satirical tales of the "Battle of Minnesota." But all of the students and all of the faculty looked to those who had gone for their greatest inspirationg and they prepared themselves and the campus for the time when the absent would return and the headlines would read "Peace" 992545 The University 5 The governing body of the University had more business than ever to take care of this year. Besides policy forming, the twelve Regents had to pass hun- dreds of contracts for secret war work, all other con- tracts, and approve 570 employees' leaves of ab- sence. The non-academic employees, strike was the big- gest problem the board took care of, meeting in an emergency session until a compromise settlement was reached. The policy that the group worked under all year was "to make all staff members and University fa- cilities available to the war effort-even if it must be at the inconvenience of the student body." Although no definite seats Were assigned to the men, they always sat automatically in the same places and meetings were always preceded by ques- tioning A. J . Olson, Renville farmer, about how his crops were coming along and what agricultural con- ditions were at that time. F Detroit Lakes banker, F. J . Rogstad, and Rich- ard L. Griggs, president of the Northwestern Na- tional Bank in Duluth, exchanged their newest hunting stories. Then George W. Lawson, second vice president of the board and secretary of the Minneapolis Federation of Labor, A. F. of L., lit up his customary cigar and business got underway. Business had to make way for the stork more 20 "The University of Minnesota is an outstanding edu- cational institution because its various schools and colleges are staffed by men and women who are widely recognized tor their productive scholarship .... The present program of the University has been adapted to war needs: but anticipating the time when hostilities cease, we are busy planning a postwar program." W. C. COFFEY President of the University. Board of Regents than once when New Prague physician Dr. E. E. Novak, the typical country doctor, arrived late or left early to attend blessed events. The other medi- cal member of the board was calm and judicious Albert J . Lobb who was with the Mayo Clinic in Rochester. While deliberations were going on, the men all eyed the gay and fancy shirts of Daniel C. Gainey who came from Owatonna where he is the head of the Josten Manufacturing company. And James Ford Bell, chairman of the directors of General Mills, was the only doodler among the Regents. Ray J . Quinlivan, St. Cloud lawyer, had the best fund of good stories to tell after meeting, and Shel- don V. Wood had two new grandchildren and a newly built home to talk about. Twelfth Regent was Albert Pfaender, a lawyer from New Ulm. Four other non-members of the board who had no vote attended the gatherings. Vice president Middlebrook was secretary for the group and he was assisted by Comptroller Laurence R. Lunden and Clayton E. Griswold. EX officio president of the board was . . . x3NlVFP.f 'X ex new I' ', , P Q. s O S 3 y. '.-V omnibus-iiarrgus Z O l O Q - 1-M M -M 1- - 1. - M ...M . 11.1. ' l M MM lil fe M M 'll . M..- M M, L X y 'EFS-E'1'fl-Narnia X1 r Walter C. Coffey . . . president of the University this year, brought the organization through the change from military to post-War thinking. After campus life had been adjusted to a decreased enrollment and mili- tary training programs, Mr. Coffey began looking forward to the return of normalcy. To help make a better peace he Worked With Dean McConnell's sen- ate committee on education in planning post-war courses for both ex-servicemen and the regular high school matriculates. The president was Well satisfied with the military program as one of the finest and most varied in the nation. He especially appreciated the fact that even with upset conditions there Was a "minimum of petty complaining." The non-academic employees, strike in January Was the biggest crisis of the year. The president held late meetings With the Regents many nights until the dispute Was settled. Thelirst day of the strike as Mr. Coffey approached the campus he saw pickets stopping students with the statement, "There's a strike on. No classes. You might as Well go homef, When he got to the line, one of the strikers stepped up and gave him the same notice. He replied quiet- ly, 'Tm Mr. Coffey, president of the Universityv- and he got through. Off the job, the president is just Walter C. Coffey - a man who likes to play golf, fish, and attend the symphony. During the balmy Christmas vacation, Mr. Coffey shot a round of golf and found that With a No. 3 Wood and a No. Q iron in the middle of win- ter, he could make a better score than he did in the summer with a full bag of clubs. M. M. Willey Associated with Mr. Coffey in the University ad- ministration was Malcolm M. Willey who became vice president this year. But Mr. Willey continued with the duties of his old job of University dean and assistant to the president- getting interesting con- vocation speakers, making plans for their presenta- tion, and heading the non-teaching units of the or- ganization, such as the library and the University press. i This year, in addition to these peacetime duties, the vice president got the job of armed services representative. All negotiations for the setting up of the training programs had to be cleared through him. All questions concerning policy Were settled by him, and he had to deal with any problems the Uni- versity, army, navy, or air force raised in connection with these programs. Any student Who got lost among half a dozen col- umns of marching men might well have Wondered at the huge job necessary to keep those thousands of servicemen straight on paper and to integrate them into campus life. Mr. VVilley was also very concerned with educa- tional problems arising out of the war-he and Dean McConnell Wrote a book on this subject, en- titled "Higher Education and the War." W. T. Middlebrook . . . also became a vice president this year, mov- ing up from his old position as comptroller. Taking his former job Was Laurence Lunden Who, in the past, had been the assistant. Mr. Middlebrook's office was in charge of the business end of all University affairs-this year 40 per cent military. This involved millions of dollars worth of War contracts to provide housing, food and instruction to army and navy groups. The first two promises Were the most difficult to live up to. But everything Was taken care of and at the end of the year, the business staff was beginning plans for the eventual liquidation of the contracts. The vice president also began getting ready for the enrollment expected after the War- probably at least 20,000, a 25 per cent increase over normal times. Mr. Middlebrook started making arrange- ments for more teachers, more classrooms, more dorms, and anticipated more dealings with the gov- ernment because of the ex-servicemen's education program. Although Mr. Middlebrook Was in the general ad- ministration branch of the University longer than any other officer, he was an amateur at another job this year. Having a vegetable garden for the Hrst time, he found at the end of the season that he had planted four times as much as the family could use. In competition with other University Grove gar- deners, however, he came out with "firsts,' in cab- bages, tomatoes and cucumbers. 2l . G. Williamson C cmcaco fe-- ,-, L c . . QN'lt'flla,ir ' X . l llllmtllg To E. G. Williamson went the credit of forming one of the most outstanding student affairs offices in the country. Under his leadership this year the of- fice was changed to a new and more eflicient organi- zation that brought educators from all over the country to study it. The dean was recognized as a top man in person- nel work and was the most widely traveled man in the office, going to Washington and New York and various states to attend association and committee meetings and to help organize student affairs at other colleges. Here at Minnesota his load was far from light. Besides being a member of various mili- tary committees, he was secretary of the committee on college deferments and worked on planning edu- cation for veterans. Dean Williamson's new student affairs set-up co- ordinated all the Universityls facilities under one head. Under this plan the dean supervised the speech clinic, the testing bureau, loans and scholar- ships, the housing bureau, the activities bureau, re- ligious work, and advisory service to foreign stu- dents. And, although not directly in charge, Dean Williamson's office cooperated with the employment bureau and the student health service. This system worked to the great advantage of the students. Everything was brought together, ad- ministered more efficiently and the old confused overlapping of the separate deans system was elimi- nated. Charles L. Rock The director of the activities bureau had probably the most hectic job on campus keeping the "campus leadersi' in hand. But Charlie Rock's marvelous sense of humor helped him in seeing that everything ran smoothly without too much trouble all year. Wartime shifting of student activity heads made the job twice as confusing. Too often when Mr. Rock wanted to see an organization president he was told, "He,s not the president any more. He left for the army last week." lVIany organizations, whose membership dropped too low as men left, went inactive, and it was the 22 job of the activities bureau to see that adequate ar- rangements were made for them to be reestablished after the war. At freshman camp, the names of prospective lead- ers were recorded by the bureau and the freshmen were later called into the oflice for interviews. In the mix-up of camp, the bureau happened to get the names of some upperclassmen who were old campus leaders on their list of newcomers. They were called up to the office with the whole group and assistants Ann Warburton and Joyce Fritter began interview- ing them about their interests before they realized their mistake. The girls were embarrassed but Mr. Rock laughed it off-"Just one of those things." Barbara Clark . . . also had a good sense of humor and being a graduate of just three years, she was still close to studentis problems. S She helped Mr. Rock with all the work of the ac- tivities bureau-and especially with women's ac- tivities. She began during freshman week by super- vising sorority rushing and answering the questions of freshman coeds who were not yet familiar with the intricacies of accepts, regrets, and declines. Dur- ing the year, she and Mr. Rock carried on a new ex- periment in social adjustment counseling. Handling the Hnancial side of activities . . . George Rlsty The director of loans and scholarships came to the aid of many students Who, in spite of a wartime boom, would have been unable to continue their education otherwise. And besides giving money, Mr. Risty gave financial counseling to all students who had difficulties making ends meet. The Superman of the student affairs office, Mr. Risty might have frightened some students. He amazed Miss Clark when she first came to the ac- tivities bureau by picking up a typewriter with one finger. G. Abraham - R. Johnson Eager-beaver Mr. Abraham began the year as ad- viser to frantic treasurers, planned yearly budgets, supervised the equipment funds of the military groups, and saw the beginning of the new student organization investment trust fund. This fund was to help groups make the most of their excess money and to further the war effort. Money put into the trust fund was invested in war bonds by Comp- troller Lunden. Ir. Abraham resigned to go into the pub- ting field, his job was taken over by soft- d efficient Ray Johnson who was one of rnen to come back to campus with a CDD. l the job of assisting with investments and idous work of auditing all books. Anne D. Blitz one Dudley Blitz came of age this year- twenty-lirst year as Dean of Women at ,. To her old job of interviewing coeds and sentatives was added the position of assist- : president. Outside her office, the dean lly associated with three things-her jewelry, and her pets. d diHerent pieces of furniture and knick- ed her home, although the center of at- 'as her pets-four prize-winning Pekin- with authentic Chinese names. The peaceful household was often broken up .ck puppy Balkis' attempts to pester the F the only feline member of the family, authority on all kinds of jewelry, the dean ietalcraft and made many of her own saying that all deans of women disap- red was denied by Dean Blitz. She ap- several University parties this year in her 'ening dress-of a lusterous shade of red. ,n was once a student at Mirmesota and Jw to keep tabs on the coeds' extra-curric- ties, while . . . T. E. Pettingill 'oss the hall the academic records of all Vere the business of the Director of Ad- nd Records. And in spite of the decreased 1 this year, Mr. Pettingill had a job on that was bigger than ever-serving more .n usual because of the continual change ' classes. this, the bureau had to take care of de- ' all kinds of certifications-for enlist- the armed forces, work in war industry, ' post-war planning, selective service id even "Bi, and "C" gasoline books. All was done under the handicap of a com- over of the office staff. r made a difference in Mr. Pettingill's per- too. He began riding streetcars for the and the family had a victory garden- him little time to play his usual games of 2 Campus club or dance at faculty parties. f :T If--.. lx Z E J. Nolte 1 Q is a newcomer to the administration building. Early this year he moved his office there from the Center for Con- tinuation Study to take over his new job as director of the general exten- sion division. This new position brought him much more work as he was in charge of sending out current literature, night classes, servicemen's correspondence studies, and the University radio station, WVLB. He also remained overall head of the Center which greatly increased its enrollment under his leadership. Mr. Nolte was strictly a navy man, having two sons, Dick and Charlie, as naval aviation officers, and a WAVE officer daughter, Mimi. Another of his contributions to the war was his large garden at his Lake Minnetorilia home, but he vehemently main- tained that it was begun long before victory garden- ing. Working with Mr. Nolte was. . . il Thomas Teeter . . . who also had a military family.His son,a navy lieutenant, was the owner of two medals and his sister-in-law was the chaudeur of General Eisenhow- er. Because he was the only one left at home to help, Mr. Teeter learned how to preserve, and he and his wife put up hundreds of jars of fruit. Wartime accelerated schedules gave Mr. Teeter the largest summer session he ever headed- 10,000 students attended. After that job was over, planning was begun immediately for next summer. The war gave Mr. Teeter some extra work, too. He helped supervise the Engineering Science Management War Training course, and he and his stai prepared a 4-inch stack of computations on the cost of the V-12 program. Another man. . . E. B. Pierce . . . who really noted a change in the campus was the alumni secretary who marked his forty-fourth anniversary with the University this year. Mr. Pierce thought the biggest difference was in the number of servicemen, and his burning ambition all year was to take a picture of the mall at 5: 30 p.m. as the air corps marched to mess. He regretted one wartime condition, however- the shortage of shells and golf and tennis balls which put a temporary stop to his favorite pastimes. 23 Ong 00 000' All U Council The student governing body this year concen- trated on campus war problems, planned a new or- ganization for returning students, presented current and postwar topics through the student speakers bureau, and established a coordinating committee for campus postwar discussion groups. Of course the council had the old regulars to look after, too-Freshman week, Homecoming, all-Uni- versity elections, Student Forum, M Day Convoca- tion, and Campus Chest and Foundation appoint- ments. Special action of the council this year which startled the campus was the abolition of class ofli- cers because of the apparent disinterest of students in holding elections. A For the Hrst time in history, the councilis presi- dent was a woman and Liz Bird proved herself thor- oughly capable and efficient. Serious-minded Marv Korengold was vice-president. The purse strings were held' by Dick Hammel-GI edition with bell- bottomed trousers and the well known haircut. And the weight of the council lay in Ed Lechner, Q10 pound guard of the football team. Over on the Ag campus . . . Ag Student Council Women and the honorary Home Economics soror- ity, Phi U, had a monopoly on the Ag Student coun- cil. Activities of the Council this year were directed by a president who was a veteran of almost every campus activity, Marie Sterner. Audrey St. Cyr, chairman of the annual Christmas assembly, was the vice-president, and treasurer of the Council was Janette Grant, the girl who made the Castle famous. Of the nine members, only two represented the al- most 50 civilian men enrolled on the Ag campus. 24 However, each division of the college was repre- sented by at least one member and most of the work was conducted through committees. One of the most important of these was the honor case commission which was in charge of the honor system in effect during every examination. In carrying out its aim to further cooperation be- tween administration and students, the Council sponsored a "Gripe Sessionv during winter quarter at which students aired all their grievances. The rest of the year the council worked on the suggestions brought up at this meeting. Cap and Gown Day Held twice this year-for both the winter and spring quarter graduating classes-the parade and cauldron ceremonies with all their traditional dignity meant, perhaps, a little more than usual to the Class of 1944. This year many of the men and women who would normally have graduated in the spring left long before-the men were scattered in all corners of the world, many in combat areas, and the women accelerated their courses or left to join women,s re- serves. So, though many of their friends and companions were gone, members of the Class of 19441 lined up behind the University band and marched through the campus, paused to toss coins into the cauldron for luck, and went on up the steps of Northrop to hear President Coffey express the Universityis fare- well to them. Leading the spring quarter class this year was Bob Carlson, chairman of the senior class cabinet, followed by Verne Peck, president of Grey Friars, and Ruth Cole Nash, president of Mortar Board. Marshalls at the commencement exercises were outstanding members of the junior class, dressed in the colorful garb of 17th century Oxford graduates. Student speakers at graduation were inaugurated this year for the first time, and a solemn moment came when President Coffey read the list of former students killed in the war. Senior Class, l944 The only class functioning as an entity this year, after the All U Council abolished class oflices, the senior class made up in number of events for the rest of the classes. Each quarter,s graduating class had special func- tions-the fall quarter class had a graduation din- ner, the winter class had a graduation breakfast and dinner, plus the cauldron ceremony which was usually held only in the spring, and the June gradu- ates had all of the traditional events: the Cap and Gown luncheon for the girls, graduation dinner, etc. In the fall, a senior class cabinet was chosen- students from each college were appointed by the deans, and members at large were picked by the council. In lieu of the usual senior class president, Bob Carlson, business manager of The Daily, was elected by the cabinet as its chairman, with Laura Mae Peterson as vice chairman, Donna Caldwell, secretary and Dan O'Connell, treasurer. The cabinet met every Tuesday night, and some of its meetings were rather uunsettledf' Especially the ones at which the discussion was concerned with the Senior Prom-formal or informal, name band or not, and so on far into a restless night, with Dan O,Connell shouting at all-too-frequent intervals, "Remember the expense!" The prom committee-Roger "Pinky" Williams, Carol Gibson, Phyllis Kremer, Helen Rachie, and Hubert Solberg-was picked at the beginning of winter quarter, with three members from the cabi- net and two at large. They set about immediately to plan bigger and better things, but "Remember the expensei' was against them. Even though the name band never did arrive, the dance-at the Nicollet, February Q5 -was one every senior remembered. The old and famous "what the hell"-attitude of the year before was not evident in the Class of 1944. Those who remained on campus Were here to work, they wanted to finish their educations as soon as possible so as to be able to "get out and do some- thingf, Although the ranks of seniors were sadly de- pleted, the spirit of the school was higher than ever before, for all students had but one aim in mind- to prepare themselves well for their part in Winning the war and in the much-hoped-for postwar World. Forestry and Home Economics College of Agriculture, "Dean Schmitz, what were foresters?,, Maybe it wasnit that bad, but the College of Agriculture, Forestry and Home Economics was concentrating heavily on the latter course this year. With all but six foresters and a few ag males left, the campus be- gan to look extremely feminine. The lack of men didn't mean lack of ideas, how- ever. On February 2, students and faculty got to- gether in a four-hour "Gripe Sessioni' which resulted in a new and revolutionary innovation on the farm campus. In the Gripe Session, it was proved that a lot of problems could be cleared up when students and faculty let down their hair and brought troubles out in the open, so an Ag campus intermediary board was set up, later in the year. The board, composed of faculty and students elected at large, became the place where discussions of curriculum planning, faculty advisory problems, and other matters directly concerning the students were discussed. The whole plan was a part of the general University trend toward greater democracy in student leadership and government which was evident this year. Dean Henry Schmitz Dean Henry Schmitz was appointed to his posi- tion as head of the College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Home Economics last year, formerly, he was head of the forestry department. A member of several national forestry organiza- tions, Dean Schmitz was re-elected this year to the presidency of the Society of American Foresters for the 19441-45 term, the organization is a professional group of technically trained foresters. With a daughter attending the University, Dean Schmitz was kept close to the students, especially as he and his wife served as chaperones at almost every party given on the Ag campus this year. Dean Schmitz claimed he spent more time on trains this year than at his desk. He went from one 25 end of the country to the other to advise various groups on their problems with War research in the fields of agriculture and forestry. And the dean was not just a theoretical farmer, either. One of his prides was the Schmitz plot of ground in the lot given to faculty victory gardeners last year. So im- patient was he to begin his gardening that he began reading up on Minnesota crops at Christmas time this year-to brush up on the breeds of "hardy perennials." One of the Dean's biggest worries was done away with this year when the Forester-engineer feud died out-last year Dean Schmitz had a little trouble getting to his office past the snow-plow which had been placed on the steps of the Forestry building. r fx! 0 s X N x 'Q S ,,...... ..-.f --3 4,91 -M 5 Ag Awards In keeping with the war, then, the Little Red Oil Can parachuted down from the top of the stage to Jeanne Vollbrecht at the Ag Christmas assembly held in the auditorium of the Ag administration building on December 8. Because of wartime shortages, the Little Red Oil Can was empty this year, but its original presenta- tion to Dean E. M. Freeman in 1916 was made to help him keep his Model T Ford running through the winter. After that it became an honor awarded the most active student, faculty member, or organi- zation on the Ag campus. Describing Jeanne merely as "active,' is an un- derstatement for she was president of the Home Economics Association, vice-president of Phi Up- silon Omicron, secretary of the Ag student council, chairman of freshman week on the Ag campus, a member of the honor case commission of the college and a member of Mortar Board. The "ball and chainv awarded the most recently engaged couple went to senior Allie Hurley and Eu- gene Coyner who was an instructor in organic chem- 26 istry. They followed it up by getting married on Christmas day. Dr. A. C. Caldwell, assistant professor of soils, was awarded the rattle for the most recent faculty father. War Work Offered this year for the first time in the division of Ag engineering was the rural builders course- for the purpose of training young men to help farm- ers with their building problems. It was felt that postwar rural construction would boom and that there would be a definite need for teachers and ar- chitects who know how to plan farm buildings effi- ciently and intelligently. The men who were trained in this course would be able to help farmers in the capacities of both builders and contractors, they could, perhaps, set themselves up in rural commu- nities as independent contractors. Bfost important in Ag campus war work were the experiments with the penicillin drug which were started this year. Under a contract awarded March 3 by the War Production board, the plant pathol- ogy department began its work immediately. The WPB, working in cooperation with the army in trying to facilitate production of the drug, gave the 375,000 research project to the University be- cause of the Ag campus record in doing research on plant materials. Dr. Clyde Christiansen, who inves- tigated penicillin for some time before, was put in charge of the work. Most of the resources of the de- partment were put to work on the research, which continued until the end of the year. The project was divided into two parts: that of finding better strains for the fungus from which the drug was obtained, and that of finding some other fungus to produce the drug. A former assistant professor of forestry and an ex- tension- forester, Parker G. Anderson, carried on work in connection with government research for quinine. Mr. Anderson was sent to Ecuador with a government mission by the Bureau of Economic Welfare to locate new supplies of the tree and to work with Latin American governments in shipping the bark of the trees to the United States for proc- essing. In the Ag union, student war work was encour- aged by the setting up of a bandage rolling unit similar to the one on the main campus. Allocated to Ag AWS by SWECC, the unit was started Novem- ber 16, and set up a schedule of four hours a week to meet its quota of one hour a week for each stu- dent and faculty member on the Ag campus. Although many of the faculty had left for the stein, Vetta Goldstein, Ethel Gorham, Anna Krost, service, those left-both students and faculty- Jane Leichsenring, Wylle McNeal, Ethel Phelps, did their utmost in war research and war education work. Phi Upsilon Gmicron Phi U, the honorary Home Economics sorority, went intellectual this year. At least once a quarter, the girls held forums on postwar reconstruction- the subject that both campuses were quite inter- ested in-and usually they invited speakers from the political science department to lead the discus- sions. lVIany of the most intriguing discussions, though, were those that started spontaneously and kept the girls up far into the night. It surprised the members themselves how much Home Ec majors knew about postwar problems. Led by President Phyllis Sam, Vice President Jeanne Vollbrecht, and Treasurer Aileen Shannon, the sorority decided early in the year to do the most it could for the war effort-and have fun at the same time. So, during fall quarter, they gave a dance and contributed the proceeds to the Campus Chest, and they held a joint open meeting with Omicron Nu at which they discussed war and post- war problems. Besides helping with the Ag Campus Sisters' Tea, the girls did their bit toward helping strangers get acquainted by giving a tea for transfer students at the beginning of fall quarter. Because Phi U was founded at the University of Minnesota, the Founders' Day Banquet-also fall quarter-was a big event, it Was, in fact, one of the few formal affairs that the girls attended this year. And in the spring, Phi U gave a breakfast on Cap and Gown day for Home Ec seniors. Seniors in Phi U this year were Lorraine Blumen- feld, Mary Ellen Carlson, Louise Carter, Ailie Hur- ley Coyner, Margaret Cutler, Ellen-Louise Elsner, Carol Engebretson, Mary E. Erickson, Lila Hinze, Lorene Vetter Holl, Marjorie Jones, Ruth Klonoski, Karolynn Knauf, Carolyn Kuhr, Elizabeth Mark- hus, Doris McCracken, Ellen Powell, Natalie Saari, Phyllis Sam, Betty Thurston Schmidt, Aileen Shan- non, Marie Sterner, Dorothy Timberg, Helen Truog, and Jeanne Vollbrecht. Junior members of the organization were Phyllis Carlson, Mary Engelhart, Carol Gibson, Jeanette Grant, Audrey St. Cyr, Gloria Trantanella, and Kathryn Weesner. On the faculty, members of Phi U were Alice Biester, Clara Brown, Eva Donelson, Harriet Gold- Ella J. Rose, Ruth Segolson, and Lucy Studley. Clovia 0,0 "We got brains in our outfit," said the Clovia girls - and they were right, at least as 2 0 far as Jean Morkassel, was concerned. Jean, Q 'l, one of Clovia's brightest according to the girls, won the S300 scholarship offered by WNAX to the sophomore girl most outstanding in scholarship, character, and personality. Another outstanding member was Betty Ann Ole- son whose good work in the designing and making of clothing resulted in her being picked to represent the organization at the National 4-H club congress at Chicago, November Q8 to December 1. But the gals didn't work too hard at being intelli- gent-they gave a few parties this year just to break the monotony. At the Founders' Day ban- quet, October Q6, the spirit was Halloweenish and ghosts and broomsticks abounded. Lucille Fitz- simons, usually a rather literary gal, amazed and astounded her sisters with her display of black magic and witchcraft. In the fall, Clovia sponsored a tea for all campus 4-H women. Held for the first time this year, the event gave the 41-H girls a chance to get acquainted, and they used the chance to further cooperation on other activities. With President Stella Wingert and her officers Betty Ann Oleson, vice president, Lois Dennstedt, secretary, and Margret Cutler, house manager and treasurer, to set the pace, Clovia was one of the live- liest Ag campus groups-as evidenced by the Thanksgiving dinner they gave for servicemen-in- cidentally, they've decided to make it an annual aHair. Seniors in Clovia were Edith Bethke, Louise Car- ter, Eleanor Cutler, Margret Cutler, Ruth Lueh- mann Milstein, Ilene Madison N aley, and Stella Floan Wingert. Junior members this year were Dorothy Arnold, Lois Dennstedt, Betty Dittmer, Irene Haley Dracy, Ruth Ewert, Lucille Fitzsimons, Doris Neldner, Ella Nelson, Marilyn Noper, Elizabeth Norton, Betty Ann Oleson, Margaret Skaar, and Kathryn Weesner. Sophomore members Were Mary Anderson, Pearl Beckman, Evelyn Harne, Jean Morkassel, Julia Pot- ter, Elsie Skaar, VVinifred Starz, and Wilma VViech- mann. Members who were freshmen were Hazel Ankeny, Catharine Dasovich, and Marilyn J. Nelson. 27 Business School One of the hardest hit of all the University divi- sions was the School of Business. Each man on its faculty was an expert in his field, and, as such, was called into the service of the country to give the aid of his knowledge in both war and postwar problems. The men who knew the business of statistics and economics were in great demand in these war years, and each of them was glad to do what he could- either in the shortening of the war or in the building of the world to come after. Minnesota towns were used as experimental units in the postwar studies and men from the faculty of the University business school volunteered to help. One of the most important studies was that of Red Wing-taken as an example of a typical Mirmesota town at war. In order to determine the impact of the war on a Minnesota community, the University sponsored a study survey of the city in cooperation with the Red Wing Chamber of Commerce. The committee from the business school desired to make a study of the economic, social, cultural, public health, educational, and juvenile delinquency as- pects of the area in the postwar period, and in order to do this, it was felt that part of the study should be based on conditions as they existed in the war period. The study was similar to one made in Albert Lea during the year, on which Mr. Kozelka from the School of Business worked. The Albert Lea project was chiefly concerned with the problem of reconver- sion of industry and the returning of soldiers to civilian jobs. The "Albert Lea plan" was used as a model in other postwar r e c o n V e r s i o n projects throughout the country. Chairman of the Red Wing project committee and coordinator of the workers was . . . Dean R. A. Stevenson . . . whose interest in the postwar policies of the universities and colleges of the country made him one of the outstanding men in the field of planning and policy-making-in both business and educa- tion. Dean Stevenson, who left his position of Dean of the School of Business Administration and Eco- 28 nomics in July of 1944, became well-known as an administrator of important research projects, even before the war brought such projects into sharp focus. During his 17 years at Minnesota,QDean Steven- son stimulated investigation and studies in such fields as banking and Hnance, labor problems, unem- ployment, industrial management, and personnel management. Five years after he came to the Uni- versity, he became director of the Employment Sta- bilization Research institute, and under grants from the Rockefeller foundation, Spelman fund, and the Carnegie corporation, he coordinated studies of em- ployment factors throughout Minnesota. However, the deanis spare moments were not all taken up with his important work. He was of the "tall tale" school of Hshermen and did his trolling in the northern lakes of this state. The business school-rated one of the highest in the nation- and the University as a whole, felt his leaving as a personal loss. War Work The business school felt other losses, too, as many of its faculty went off to war. Rooms Q16 and 220 in Vincent Hall were especially hard hit as four of the occupants were on leave of absence and one had re- signed. George J. Stigler, associate professor of business administration, was on leave doing special work with the Bureau of Economic Research in New York city. Arthur W. Marget was commissioned a major in the army and this year took training at the Civil Affairs Training school at Harvard Univer- sity. A. Hamilton Chute, associate professor of mar- keting, took a leave of absence to become assistant chief of the Program Development division of the Food Distribution administration, under the De- partment of Agriculture-one of the longest titles of anyone in Washington. His former oflice-mate, Emerson P. Schmidt, associate professor of econom- ics, also left for Washington to work under the U. S. Chamber of Commerce. Arthur R. Upgren, former associate professor of business administration, resigned to work under the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. Then, too, there were the men who went on with their academic duties while acting in advisory ca- pacities on various war boards-in fact, most of the faculty of the school were doing just that-no dollar-a-year-men, they-they were satisfied with taking care of two jobs at one time. Beta Alpha Psi 3 Beta Alpha Psis frankly admitted that they :he most War-torn group on campus. After Don- loberg left in January for OCS, only one stu- :nember was left at Minnesota. t Beta Alpha Psi had a good reason for being ically memberless. In order to have been a wer of the national honorary accounting frater- one had to be a man by definition, and able to :ertain scholastic standards. There just weren't 1en in accounting who could meet their stand- :his year. More likely, there just Weren't any Wever, the Beta Alpha Psi faculty members lalen Striemer, the lone undergrad, did their Lo uphold the aims of the fraternity such as lating interest in accounting, making it a more lc profession, and keeping up the standards thics of accounting. They remember the time Beta Alpha Psi Was an active fraternity, over- .g With members, and look hopefully toward iture. Then they Will again have their frater- linners and professional meetings with round discussions about accounting. :n though Beta Alpha Psi could not boast of ity this year, they were not lacking in quality. Striemer was a member of Union Board and :nior cabinet and president of Beta Gamma ,. Donald Moberg belonged to the Board of lated Business Students. iddition to the faculty members in the frater- Beta Alpha Psi also claimed many prominent gown business men. Needless to say, the under- ates aspired to be like them. Alpha Kappa Psi : AK Psi house Went journalistic this year. many of the former members-part of the gangv that made this fraternity one of the r organizations on campus-gone into the e, the remainder of the chapter settled down Le life more seriously. But not too seriously. ze a quarter, they set up a small copy desk and to Work on the "Business School Buzzerf, Al- h it Won no Pulitzer prizes, the "Buzzer,' did i job of reporting the latest from the Vincent front. The paper contained news of students iculty, both on the campus and in service or vork. News of business school organizations eportedg and, as more and more men were fd, the "Buzzer,' did its best to keep business its up to date on who was left and who Wasn't. Besides this literary effort, the AK Psi boys com- pounded a news-letter of chapter doings which was sent to alums and faculty members every other Week. Although a couple of mixed parties were given, the AK Psi recreation this year came mostly in the form of stags. They gave several smokers-at one of which the boys had the rare treat of seeing Pro- fessor Nightingale completely dumbfounded. They asked a magician in for entertainment and in one of his tricks he removed a shirt from one of the brothers Without first removing the coat. Mr. Night- ingale tied himself up into knots the rest of the night trying to duplicate the trick. With Howard Lang as president, the chapter this year had several other campus notables as members. Galen Striemer, treasurer, was on Union Board, Senior Class cabinet, and doubled as president of both Beta Gamma Sigma and Beta Alpha Psi. Walt Carpenter served as chairman of the Inter- professional Ball, and Vernon Ruotsalainen was "that famous diverf' said the boys, "that is, he'll be famous if anyone can learn to pronounce his name." The seniors in AK Psi this year were Howard J. Lang, Christ Louskos, Robert Schumacher, Hal Sessions, Merrill Smith, Galen Striemer, and Robert Thursdale. Junior members Were Wallace Erickson, Reginald Holschuh and Vernon Ruotsalaineng and the sopho- mores Were Walter Carpenter, Don Dahl, Warren Johnson, Raeder Larson, and John O,Keefe. There were one freshman and one graduate stu- dent in the fraternity, Fred Schulz and Norman Anderson, respectively. On the faculty, AK Psis Were Julio Berrettoni, Frederic Garver, Earnest Heilman, Herbert Hene- man, Bruce Mudgett, Edmund Nightingale, Warren Stehman, John Reighard, and Roland Vaille. Beta Gamma Sigma Three local honorary clubs were consolidated to form the present chapter of Beta Gamma Sigma: the Economics Club, founded at the University of California, Delta Kappa Chi, founded at the Uni- versity of Illinois, and the original Beta Gamma Sigma, founded at the University of Wisconsin. An honorary fraternity, the organizationis members are chosen for their scholastic averages in the commerce sequence in the School of Business. Among the members who were active in other campus organizations this year were Galen Striemer of the senior cabinet, Paul Colesworthy of the YM, and Herb Gurnee, former man-about-campus now in the navy. 29 Seniors in Beta Gamma Sigma this year were: Paul Colesworthy, Arlene Langum, Martha McMil- ler, Richard Rice, Rose E. Segal, and Galen Strie- mer. Graduate students were: Donald Cohn, Her- bert Gurnee, Sigmund Harris, Robert Kelber, and Marvin Feldman. The list of faculty members includes many men who have left campus for the duration to go into the armed forces or to serve in various war agencies. Faculty members were: Eugen Altschul, Roy G. Blakey, Francis M. Boddy, Arthur M. Borak, Ham- ilton A. Chute, Catherine J. Crowe, George Fili- petti, Frederic B. Garver, Ernest A. Heilman, Au- relius Morgner, Bruce Mudgett, Edmund Nightin- gale, War1'en J. Stehman, Dean Russell Stevenson, George Stigler, Dale Yoder, and Muriel Magelssen. Business Women The Business Womenis club on this campus was a branch of the national organization of the same name, and was formed to help college business women further their contacts which could help them after graduation. Every two weeks this year, the girls got together in oflicial meetings. Among those not-so-official were the Harvest Hoedown in the fall, on the barn dance theme, around Halloween time. At other meetings, Twin City businessmen and women came to tell the girls about life out in the "cold, cruel world." Mr. Byornah of the War Man- power commission talked, Myndall Cain explained how she built up her hair styling concern, and others came, too-living examples for the embryo busi- ness women to follow. Senior members of the club this year were Con- stance Bell, Mary Ann Busch, Ruth Carton, Marian Chandonnet, Marjorie Cleland, Marjorie Costello, Marguerite Cuddy, Blanche Dahlquist, Nora East- man, Clare Elmquist, Becky Felepe, Helen Gleason, Helen Gould, Carol Hagen, Eileen Hatter, Alice Horn, Iris Janssen, Mary Jensen, Juanita Jones, Jacquelyn Kieldon, Amelia Koroseo, Agnes Lehn, Jane Mattson, Gertrude Middents, Elouise Mur- phy, Jean Nixon, Helen Peed, Jane Sullivan, Ardell Vold, and LaVonne Wagner. Juniors were Jane Batchelder, Ann Curran, Nata- lie Grundman, Rosemary Jarvis, Elsie Kartarik, Doris Laine, Dorothy Linman, Gloria Marsh, Lois Martin, Mary Mee, Katherine Miller, Virginia Mogg, Marjorie Murray, Kyle Peterson, Eileen Rogge, Marion Tweeten, Harriet Wilcox, and Lor- raine Wilson. Sophomore members were Marilyn Barnett, Mary .30 Burns, Helen Comsrud, Eunice Ingman, Dorothy Matson, Audrey Podlasek, Ann Rank, Margaret Rozycki, Joan Schiefelbein, Betty Shaughnessy, Doris Wildung, Ann Young, and Edith Van deLinde. Freshmen were Maried Katarik, Betty Newgard, Bernadine Stiegel, and Barbara Scobie. Phi Delta The Phi Delta gals started the year off right with a typical summer's end party-canoeing, swim- ming, bowling, and dancing, but immediately when they got back to school they set about the business of rushing and pledging new members from the School of Business. Big event of fall quarter was the iifth annual Founders' Day banquet held at 510 Groveland at which 60 alums and members were present. Mary Jensen, president, with her officers: Nora Eastman, vice president, Helen Mary Gould, secre- tary, and Lois Nlartin, treasurer, headed the organi- zation,s 1001, backing of the War Chest drive- the girls themselves actively participated in the soliciting of subscriptions. Just to show that they meant business in other ways-aside from their scholastic careers-several of the members tempted their sisters off diets when they passed the traditional boxes of candy to an- nounce that they had "hooked one." And to keep in the spirit of the thing, they gave a "Hearts and Flowersu party when Valentine's Day rolled around. The membership of Phi Delta was restricted to girls in the School of Business, commercial educa- tion majors, and pre-business students, and each girl was active in the Business Womenis club- which was not limited to business course matricu- lates, but was open to anyone who intended enter- ing the business world. To make the whole thing more cooperative, BWC,s president, Becky Felepe, was also a member of Phi Delta, and the two or- ganizations also cooperated in discussion meetings and project planning. Seniors in Phi Delta this year were Blanche Dahl- quist, Nora Eastman, Becky Felepe, Helen Gleason, Helen lVIary Gould, Carol Lee Hagen, Eileen Hat- ter, Alice Jean Horn, lVIary Elizabeth Jenson, Car- ola Loonan, Marge Murray, Dorothy Schroeder, Marion Tweeten, Ardelle Vold and Barbara Weid- enfeller. Junior members were Anne Curran, Margaret Foley, Elsie Kartarik, Lois Martin, Mary Elizabeth Mee, Bernadine Stiegel and Lorraine Wilson. Sophomores in the sorority were Peggy Barker and Marilyn Barnett. College of Dentistry The College of Dentistry was called upon by the armed forces to train young men qualified to receive commissions for their specialized knowledge, and the school did its Work well during the war years. The majority of dentistry students went into uniform, either in the army or in the navy, on July 1, 1943, a.nd completed their University educations knowing that they would go on active duty immediately upon their graduation. The quota of such officer-trainees demanded from Minnesota was large, as the dentistry school was Widely known for its excellent faculty and facilities. Some of the faculty had gone into service, too, but most of the instructors stayed to train the young men for the hard work ahead of them. Head of the faculty, and one of the hardest workers in the school was . . . Dean W. F. Lasby Dean Lasby was chairman, this year, of the Dean's committee of seven schools of dentistry in the seventh service command at Omaha, and as such, he interviewed army candidates for training and commissions in dentistry at schools in Fargo, N. D., Brookings, S. D., Carleton college at North- field, and at the University of Minnesota. At all of these schools, ASTP units were sta- tioned, and it was Dean Lasbyis job to talk to men chosen from these units in order to determine their qualifications. Along with that job, he was also chairman of the committee for the ninth naval dis- trict which chose candidates for 17 other schools of dentistry. He visited Chicago twice in January to interview men for the V-12 program in dentistry. "Dentists are badly needed by our armed serv- ices, both at home and overseasf, he said, "and the military training programs are giving enlisted men their chance to become more skilled. Many of the men I talked to had the opportunity to finish the education they had scarcely begun when they were called into servicef' Much as he enjoyed his work on the war com- mittees, the dean felt that his work at the Univer- sity was more to the point. He liked to work with the men in their classes and to see things actually getting done-but none of this left him much time for his golf game, although he admitted he got in a few practice strokes in the back yard during the lovely winter Minnesota had. War Work In the never-ending research to find a way to stop tooth decay, another step in the right direction was made this year at the University. Wallace D. Arm- strong, director of the dental research laboratory, and John W. Knutson, U. S. Public Health dentist, conducted experiments on the subject with a solu- tion of sodium fluoride. The doctors worked with children of St. Louis Park, North Mankato, and Arlington, Minnesota. The teeth on the left side of 289 children were painted with the solution while the right side was left untreated. A control group of 337 other children was used to determine the normal rate of tooth de- cay, and at the end of a year, all of the children were examined again. It was found that the application of sodium fluoride had lowered tooth decay by about 401, in the treated areas. Teeth on the right side, the un- treated areas, decayed at about the same rate as the teeth of the children in the control group. - Although the doctors continued their experiments in order to gain more conclusive results, it was felt that a method had been found to retard, if not defi- nitely stop, tooth decay. 3I Ill S ss . hi F' .,Z. . 1 -5' Alpha Kappa Gamma The Alpha Kappa Gamma girls, professional dental hygienists, found themselves in the peculiar position this year of having seven pledges and only six actives. But no one could say that the old mem- bers weren't able to keep the neophytes in hand. By coercion-or sheer force-pledges made their averages, performed services for the actives, and en- tertained at social gatherings. Even when initiation time came, the seven were still under the rule of the actives and part of their rites was a program of original songs and poetry that they had to give at a dinner with the dents at the Psi Omega house. Although membership was below normal this year, the AKGs were twice as busy as ever. So dur- ing the days, and most evenings, the girls found time for little else than keeping up with the accelerated course and stiff program of the dental school. This work was contribution enough to the war- yet they found time somewhere to help the war ef- fort by rolling bandages, giving blood to the Red Cross blood bank, and writing those "morale-lift- ingi' letters to their friends in the services. One of the things the girls liked best about their work was the many new acquaintances they made. At Christmas time the sorority entertained a group of orphans with whom they had made friends when the children came to their offices to have their teeth cleaned and fixed. Busy as they were, the AKGS saw each other often and kept social life booming. Besides their monthly meetings, led by their popular president, Elaine Daly, the girls had frequent gab sessions and get-togethers over cokesg and at the end of fall quar- ter, everyone had a grand and glorious time at a big AKG dinner-dance at the Nicollet hotel. Dental hygiene being a two year course, the girls in their second year were seniors in the sorority. They were J ewells Benson, Elaine Daly, Mary Ford, Helen Holdridge, Helene Horstmann, Joanne Simlnons and Marilyn Tester. Girls in their first year, freshman members of Al- 32 pha Kappa Gamma, were Kathleen Brom, Lorraine Carlson, Margaret Maser, Betty Neumann, Noray Smith and Barbara Tucker. Faculty member who was an alumna AKG was Ione Jackson. Delta Sigma Delta With 951, of their members in uniform, the cam- pus Delta Sigma Deltas were active in other lines of the war effort such as blood doning and scrap drives. They were 100'Z, campus War Chest con- tributors, and they purchased war bonds and stamps as an organization as well as individually. The Delta Sigs limited their social activities largely to record parties at the chapter house. There were a few exceptional occasions, however. They gave a fall party in St. Paul in conjunction with two other dental fraternities, and there was a din- ner-dance at the Minneapolis Athletic Club in February. Not content with coming out on top in the pro- fessional touchball league, the boys took up house- painting to keep both the house and their figures in trim. On many a Saturday afternoon during fall quarter they could be seen painting away while everyone else was out having a good time. Some of the fellows actually became so enthusiastic over this "do it for yourself" philosophy that they became amateur paper-hangers and redecorated their own rooms! Officers of the chapter this year were Otis We- dum, president, Elwin Morse, vice-president, Carl Haedge, secretary, and Leo Moses, treasurer. Senior members of Delta Sigma Delta this year were William Braasch, Kenneth Chermack, Dennis McKee, Nels Neslund, Robert Nims, Oscar Nord, John Quast, Ralph Riedinger, Hubert Serr, Verson Shuckhart, Holger Thorleif, James Tritle, and John White. Juniors were Allan Bard, John Curtin, George Gleason, Carl Haedge, James Howard, Robert Huse, Richard Hutchinson, Howard Jensen, Edgar Lech- ner, Fred Mayer, Elsin lVIorse, Leo Moses, Dudley Nelson, Fred Rayman, Patrich Ryan, Edward Ry- dell, Hubert Solberg, Otis Wedum and Wyman Whitney. The sophomore members were George Bartlett, Robert Carlson, Edgar Derrig, Cyrus Frank, Allan Kringlee, John Lauer, Phillip Lier, Arthur Madsen, Auralius Maze, John Merrill, Dale Minar, George Miner, Robert Oemcke, William Peterson, Carl Sandall, Erwin Schaffer, Robert Simon, Richard Steiner, Joseph Tam, Jim Trost, John Weber, Ralph Werner, Charles Wilkinson, John Williams, and Mike Zustiak. Freshmen members were Robert Anderson, Don- ald Backlund, Melvin Baken, Douglas Blesi, Robert Boller, Robert Carlson, Alvin Densmore, Walter Downing, Donald Erickson, Herman Hagen, Dennis Hogan, Wally Marxen, John McNutt, Clarence N urmi, Len Sarvela, James Sawyer and Robert Yo- vanovich. Psi Omega The active chapter had more members than at any other time-and for this enlarged membership the group took over a house at 1829 University, the first it had had since 1933. The men gave their past grand master, Clifford Donehower, who graduated in December, credit for taking the lead in bringing the fraternity to the position it held this year. And Henry Einan, who received the award for doing the most for the advancement of the chapter in the past year, joined the faculty of the University after his graduation in December. With most of the members of the chapter in the army or navy, and with few restrictions from the separate commands on professional fraternities, Psi Omega continued with their activities as usual. The men gave their annual party in honor of graduat- ing seniors which was such a hilarious affair that the orchestra members said it was more like a party than work for them. The Psi Omegas were athletically minded, too, as trophies for intramural golf, kittenball, basketball, and bowling adorned the fireplace in the new house. But in spite of all these outside activities, the group kept up with their serious study of dentistry and the fraternity had the top scholastic average among the professionals. Senior members of the dental fraternity were Richard Brew- er, Clifford Donehower, Donald Eckles, Henry Einan, J ohonne Kotze, Edward Laberee, Rufus Lampi and Stanley Veker. Those who were juniors this year were Bernerd Banovetz, William Bootz, Maynard Carlson, Donald Coron, Norman Derkson, Carl Elmquist, Francis Kelly, Lawrence Kroda, Irv- ing Nelson, Harold Pressman, Donald Renneke, William Schultz, Donald Styer, Howard Tender, Arthur Turek, Rayfield Hogey and Loyd Sanders. In the sophomore class were Richard Addy, James Albani, Leslie Becker, Orten Christopherson, Winston Edie, Richard Greengo, Ted Moos, Floyd Myrick, Louie Nisson, Ernest Otter- holt, Bruno Perell, Donald Quinn, George Rachie, Phillip Rosendahl, Andrew Sather, Lloyd Schwartz, Robert Sigford, John Silva, Gus Silverthorne, Robert Slominski, Arthur Swan- strom, Robert Swanstrom, Hubert Tofte, Ralph Townsend, Leslie Venables, Oliver Zimmerman, and Charles Zwisler. Freshmen Psi Omegas were Jack Anderson, Harold Borg, Donald Cameron, Gage Colby, Edmond Comartin, Frank Fager, Roger Fredsall, Bud Holland, Phillip Rostad, John Scan- lon, Wayne Tyra, Everett Lynn, Dennis Johnson, William Nienaber, Clifford Polski and Gordon Lundholm. Alumni members of the faculty were P. J. Brekhus, A. B. Hall, F. C. Theirs, A. P. Lund, E. A. Nelson, D. H. Yock, H. O. Einan and O. R. Nielsen. I I I X I Ps: Phu There wasnit a civilian in sight when the Xi Psi boys had their meetings-every one of the chap- ter's 35 members were in either the army or the navy, and seven of them got their commissions when they graduated this year. Xi Psi Phi is big internationally-nothing small about this fraternity-it was the first international dental fraternity and has chapters in Canada. And at its monthly meetings, the dents held forums and discussions, frequently invited were dentists from the Twin City area. At the chapter's head this year were Harry Bue- tow, president, Sherman Miller, vice president, John Windorfer, secretary, Al Akers, editor and Bob Baker, pledge trainer. With these stalwarts at the helm, the Xi Psis claimed to be one of the most active professional fraternities-they took part in most of the intramural sports and came out with the championship in the IM bowling league. Party-loving dents, the Xi Psis threw a stag at the drop of a molar, and punctuating the round of stags and smokers were the big chapter parties. In the fall they had a banquet at the Covered Wagon, "We didn't allow speeches," said the boys. "We wanted to have a good time, and no one could en- joy himself at a dinner with everyone talking about teeth." In the winter they had their annual dance -with all the trimmings. And several alumni dinners were held throughout the year, perhaps caused by the fact that Dean Lasby was a Xi Psi-but no one could accuse the boys of apple-polishing. Seniors in Xi Psi Phi this year were Alvin Akers, Charles Brekke, Warren Bush, Thomas George, Carey Gordon, Richard Gregg, Robert Larson and John Pfister. Junior members were Sherman Miller, Paul Slo- minski, Robert Swenson, John Van Ost and John Windorfer. Sophomores were John Austin, Robert Baker, John Bonbright, Douglas Bong, Harry Buetow, Spencer Burrington, Alvin Davis, George Geist, William Johnson, John Koch, John Pederson, Er- nest Small and Howard Swanson. In the freshman class were Henry Bolline, Ned Brown, Stuart Haglund, John Gehrig, James Jen- sen, Robert Johnson, James Larson, Alphonse Liedl, Phillip Samuelson, Clayton Swanson and Tabour Tucker. 33 College of Education There were no deferments for the men who pre- pared themselves for the academic side of the ad- vancement of learning, and the College of Educa- tion was predominantly feminine this year. The senior class, of course, was especially hard hit, and the shortage of practice teachers was felt throughout the state. Because men usually majored in physical and mathematics education, those fields lacked the student workers who usually went to high schools in the Twin City area to complete their training. Majors in agriculture went to schools all over the state to practice, but there were no majors in agriculture this yearg and regular teachers felt the strain of added work. Dean W. E. Peik "Teaching is the most basic of the learned pro- fessions, and one of the most excitingfi according to Wesley E. Peik, dean of the College of Education. Dean Peik this year completed a third of a century of teaching, all of it in Minnesota schools of all types-rural, elementary, secondary, and college. Acting as chairman at the annual convention of the Minnesota Congress of Parents and Teachers in October this year, Dean Peik had a chance to dis- course on one of his favorite subjects in a panel dis- cussion concerned with education in the war effort. The war brought many problems to the dean- among them the reduction in the teaching staff and in student enrollment. The senior class of the Col- lege of Education this year was reduced almost one- half, although the reduction in the academic staff was not quite that much. But the dean was most interested in the future of 34 education after the war. Plans for a building to house the College of Education-which up to this year was scattered in various buildings on the cam- pus, with its main oflice in Burton Hall-were un- der consideration. New courses, too, Were plannedg and Dean Peikis favorites were a yearas course in great biographies and a two-year course of study of the English translation of great books written in other languages. In his work outside the College of Education, the dean was chairman of the education section of the Office of Civilian Defense, and worked with con- sumer education, salvage campaigns, bond drives in the schools, distribution of literature on inflation and problems in postwar education. A new course that was added to the college this year was "Principles and methods for teaching so- cial hygienef, The purpose of the course was to give prospective teachers a knowledge of social hygiene teaching practices. Dean Peik felt that the increas- ing awareness, during wartime, of social hygiene problems brought the aspect of health and human relationships into sharper focus. Dean Peik was an alumnus of the University of Minnesota and had every job from assistant profes- sor on up during his years here. With his busy war program, the dean had little time for hobbies, and with his new home his "hobbies" consisted of "A victory garden and crab grass and dandelions in my lawn." Of the part education played in the war, Dean Peik said, "The Way our boys are fighting, the way products of our research are outsmarting our ene- mies, and the way our factories are producing prove that American education is not as faulty as some think? War Work In the conflict of fascist, communistic, and demo- cratic ideologies after the war, it was felt that there would be a need for better education for teachers and students so that democracy might function properly, and the College of Education made plans this year for providing that improved education. Students in the college planned to set up a stu- dent-faculty intermediary board similar to those which were tried in Arts and Ag. The purpose of the board was to give voice to the grievances of the stu- dents, or to offer constructive suggestions from the students about curriculum planning. All students in the college were extremely inter- ested in the future and planning of postwar educa- tion. Several discussion groups were held, and in February, Phi Delta Kappa and Pi Lambda Theta, honor fraternities for men and women in educa- tion, held a joint panel on "The Educational Philos- ophy to Follow in the First Ten Years after the War., I At that meeting it was brought out that tolerance had to be stressed in any educational projects taken up after the war. The faculty, too, took up the problem from their point of view. At the beginning of March, the post- war educational problems of the University were taken up in a panel discussion at the Campus Club. Mervin G. Neale, professor of educational adminis- tration, T. R. McConnell, dean of the Arts college, William P. Randel, instructor of rhetoric, and Wil- liam Anderson, chairman of the political science de- partment, led the discussions of faculty tenure, viewpoints of the faculty on postwar education, and standards and regulations to be applied to the cur- riculum. One of the biggest problems of the University this year was that of the veterans returning to campus. At a parley in March, held by Minnesota colleges, three objectives were considered. First, the means by which veterans would be admitted to colleges. It was decided' that each college would have to deter- mine the means for itself, but a standard system of credit allowances was referred to a committee, as it was felt by the group that each state, at least, should standardize that part of the requirements. Secondly, there was a discussion of the testing procedure whereby examinations to determine the veterans' educational development would be given, and thus accelerate the process by the elimination of unnecessary courses. Many of the education faculty left the University to go into active war work. There were Clifford P. Archer, in the army as a major, David C. Bartelma of the physical education department, in the navy, Edwin L. Haislette, also of the physical ed depart- ment, and also in the navy, Frank G. McCormick, professor and former director of phy ed, who left for the air corps, Dal Ward, instructor in phy ed, now in the navy, and C. Gilbert Wrerxn, associate profes- sor of educational psychology, who also joined the navy- and many others. Some of the faculty were doubling in their jobs with the University and with civilian war work- education in the war and after it was carried on by the faculty and students at the University. Eta Sigma Upsilon "Give us representationln was the slogan of the girls of Eta Sig this year, for the education sorority was most interested in the student-faculty interme- diary board. President Jeanne Vollbrecht was the leader of the movement in the education school. Eta Sigma Upsilon was the honorary education sorority and was open to junior and senior girls in all fields of education who had a 1.5 average-or better-displayed leadership ability, and partici- pated in activities in education or in the University at large, and there were 20 girls in the group this year. If farmers needed rain they could have appealed to Eta Sig to hold a meeting-every monthly meet- ing this year was marked by rain-the initiation brought a cloudburst. At Christmas Eta Sig staged its annual holiday party at which students and faculty got together over coHee and doughnuts to argue postwar plan- ning and sing Christmas carols--an extremely in- congruous situation. Another tradition was the sale of the carol book, prepared by the art and music de- partments, which contained carols from all coun- tries translated into English. One of the sorority's unofficial projects this year was to keep Marge Rossis head out of the clouds- and the girls got as confused as Marge about her affairs. 35 College of Engineering In spite of all the gags about slide-rules and Wolves fthe jokes were all true, of coursej , the boys on the other side of Church street were a hard work- ing gang. To the regular campus engineers this year were added the various ASTP units in basic and ad- vanced engineering training-and the whir of slip- sticks was audible for miles around. Many of the aforesaid campus engineers also joined the armed forces to iight the battle of Pioneer Hall until they got their degrees. The V-1Q unit at Minnesota was one of the largest in the country, and most of the men in it from campus got the feel- ing of esprit de corps immediately, when they en- tered in July of 1943. Bait for the wolves were all the women who took engineering courses this year-the Curtiss-Wright girls, special research students, and others training as engineer aids. Women in the school had formerly been only a myth, although a few actually gradu- ated with degrees in the regular courses. But in 'spite of the jokes Qwhich were all truej and in spite of the legends about over-turned rocks, the engineers had to concentrate as five-year courses were cut down to four, and four-year courses upset the boys anyway. Dean S. C. Lind One of Dean Samuel C. Lindis oflicial titles is "Dean of the schools of Engineering, Chemistry, and Minesf' and another is the famous "dollar-a- year mann title which became so well known during the war years. Dean Lind was a member of the Chemical Referee Board of WPB, and he was also a consultant to the National Defense Research com- mittee-imposing sounding jobs which didn't leave him much time for golf. 36 Dean Lind had a wide background of foreign study for his career as a chemist. He received his Ph.D. in Leipzig and studied under Madame Curie in France, in this country he was chief chemist for the U. S. Bureau of Mines and assistant director of the U. S. Bureau of Soils. He first came to Minne- sota as director of the school of chemistry, and has been Dean of the Institute of Technology since its organization in 1935. In his extra-curricular hours, the dean wrote a book and numerous articles on chemical and radioactive elements and invented an instrument for radium measurements. Dean Lind was of the opinion this year that too many people thought the engineers were in a peachy position as far as draft deferments were concerned. Said the dean, "Only students within 24 months of graduation are deferred, and incoming freshmen are soon caught up by the 18-year-old draftf' This meant that in a year or two there could easily be no junior class at all. Other colleges in the University could rely on women students, but this year there were only about 16 female techs enrolled, and the prospects for more were not promising. However, Dean Lind was not discouraged about the future of engineering on the campus 5 he felt sure that the institute would come through the war safe- ly and spent much of his time planning for the post- war staff and buildings for tech. One of the biggest building projects on the dean's mind this year was that of the future aeronautical engineering building which was planned for the other side of the double-E building. The campus also needed a new mechanical engineering building, and it, too, was planned for after the war. "We'1l have the best technological plant in the countryf' said Dean Lind, "but it must wait until the war ends." Ora M. Leland As he was retiring in June of 1944, this year was Ora M. Leland's last as Dean of Administration of Technology. Dean Leland came to Minnesota in 1920 as Dean of the College of Engineering and the school of chemistry, and when mines, engineering, and chemistry were amalgamated in 1935, he be- came head of administration under the new system. Apart from administration, he was the man with one of the toughest jobs at the University this year --that of the handling of deferment cases for engi- neers. An internationalist at heart, the dean held the permanent rank of colonel of engineers-he fought in France in World War I-he was in charge of the location of section of boundary between Alaska and Canada and was a member of the boundary arbi- tration commission in a dispute between Costa Rica and Panama. Like Dean Lind, his hobby was golf, but he went into it more strongly than his fellow dean. For about ten years, he had been compiling a golf col- lection, a golf library and museum-which was one of the best in existence-and a golf bibliography. "When I am not playing golf, I work on the bibliog- raphy,', said Dean Leland, "if I have any spare timef' As to the future of engineering, Dean Leland thought that there would be few changes in curricu- lum because the fundamentals of technology would always be the same. War Work In the school of chemistry, most of the faculty was working on war research. Dr. W. M. Lauer and Dr. R. T. Arnold were conducting experiments in connection with a federal anti-malaria project and another secret project was that conducted by Dr. MacDougall as director of a national defense re- search committee. Because linen was used in the making of para- chute cords, WPB was interested in the experiments conducted by Dr. R. E. Montonna and Dr. L. I-I. Ryerson. The two men were engaged in making linen from flax grown in this section of the country, and with the help of Miss Phelps in the home eco- nomics department, they made the threads and wove the cloth which could not be distinguished from Irish linen. The University had its own synthetic rubber plant, but there, too, the work was confidential. However, Dr. I. M. Kolthoff, head of the division of analytical chemistry, who was working with 15 other analysts, said, "Although the Work is secret, one of the assignments given me was to develop methods to determine the effect various constitu- ents have on the mechanics of reaction. At the end of 1943, the problem assigned me had been solved." In the department of mechanical engineering, students themselves worked on war contracts. Fill- ing orders for Twin City contractors, the plant worked on war and naval products on a Q4-hour basis. The University was allocated this work because it had special machines of which there was a short- age in many regular war plants. Tools, dyes, and machine parts were made for the Twin City Ord- nance plant, and special parts for naval operations were manufactured for Northern Pump. The stu- dents worked on a regular schedule and followed all governmental regulations as to labor and produc- tion procedure, but the Work was done outside of the usual engineering courses. In the basement of the Physics building in a neat, compact little room, Edward Greimke practiced an art known to few Americans. Glass-blovving was one of the few things hit by war shortages, and except for an occasional tie-up in the shipping of raw mate- rials, lVIr. Greimke had no trouble in filling his con- tracts. I-Ie used pyrex because of its ability to stand sudden changes in temperature and its durability. Heating the glass to a molten state over an extreme- ly hot oxygen-hydrogen flame, Mr. Greimke deftly manipulated the glass into complicated twists and curves for the use of laboratory workers and others in war research projects. Members of the signal corps-female type-also trained in engineering at the University this year. Minnesota women in the Womenls Signal Corps took courses in radio work in special engineering classes. Most of the unit of 60 stationed here planned to go on with their work after the war- general opinion being that the subjects were hard but worth the trouble. A "Minnesota Institute of Researchv was ap- proved by the Board of Regents in November. The institute was only in the planning stages this year, but the purpose was to assist in the research, dis- covery, and development of the products and nat- ural resources of Minnesota through scientific re- search, and to aid in studies which have to do with developing the state. This year three cooperative research projects were conducted by mechanical engineering students. One of the jobs was carried on with a local defense plant to determine the effects of temperature and 37 humidity on working conditions. Another was the study of insulating materials and manufacturing process in order to find a method of conserving pa- per, and the third was a study of the vapor resistant properties of insulating boards. Students working on these projects were paid by the companies with which they worked, and many of them earned enough to pay their way through school. These were only a few of the special projects on which both students and faculty of the Institute of Technology worked during the war years. All of them made a substantial contribution to the war effort, although some of the effects of the secret projects would not be known until after the war. In addition to the work being done at the University, many of the faculty were on leave--in the active military services, with war boards such as the WPB, or doing research at defense plants throughout the country. . x El of si ir 1 I E Q. M- W Alpha Chi Sigma The boys at 613 Oak started having themselves a time before fall quarter began this year-at a Mississippi Boat Ride and Splurge Cwith special em- phasis on the splurgej in August. But With the "back-to-the-grindv movement in the fall the Alpha Chi Sigmas settled down to the academic life. Begirming in September, it became the policy of this professional organization to have an after- dinner speaker each Monday night. The speakers were usually outstanding chemists and chemical en- gineers from the Twin Cities who gave the members tips on practical engineering. ACS was mighty proud of the fact that it was probably the largest civilian fraternity on campus this year-with 45 actives and a large number of participating non-actives and faculty members. Headed by President Lee Berlin, and with Phil Sauer as vice president and Ken Neville as treas- urer, the fraternity was rife with BMOCS. Among the more prominent were the above-mentioned Phil Sauer, who was also president of Interpro Council, Wes Tobin, who held down the presidency of AIChE, and above all, there was Bill Hanson, who had the immense distinction of being a super- 38 wolf in an organization of Wolves. President Berlin, known as the Dictator, never got Roberts' Rules of Order straight unless he could lead the meetings with a pipe or cigar in his mouth. "We're financially sound and professionally ac- tive," said the ACSs. "That's the secret of our suc- cess." Senior members of Alpha Chi Sigma this year were Lee Berlin, Curt Carlson, Thomas Cavanaugh, Lloyd Gonyea, Robert Kanerva, Don Kersten, Rob- ert Kozlik, Edward Lantz, Vern Larson, Byron Ljung, Phillip Sauer, Robert Scanlon, Warren Sni- der, Ralph Stenehjem, Laurence Streif, William Uber, Jack Whaley, George White, and Charles Heisig. Juniors in the fraternity were James Fischer, Gor- don Gorecki, William Hanson, Bill Hunter, Ger- hardt Hass, Robert Hawkinson, Curtis Hubbard, Len Persson, Robert Schroeder, Wesley Tobin, Rob- ert Turner, William Waller, Richard Wethern, and Maurice Williams. Sophomore members were Bob Ashely, John Streitz, Litton Taylor, and John Zapfg and grad stu- dents were Jacques Chipault, John Coe, Eugene Coyner, Frank Cutler, Robert Flesch, Bruce Gar- ner, Robert James, Clayton Huggett, Warren Law- son, Joe Leibee, David Lehmicke, Martin Lyons, Arthur Madden, Kenton Neville, Donald May, John Richter, Stanley Rolfson, Donald Severson, Roy Tess, Joe Vodonik, and Ray Wendland. A. I. Ch. E. The members of AIChE got together once a month during the year for movies or lectures on chemical engineering or for an occasional stag party. Their oflicers were Wesley Tobin, president, Phil Sauer, corresponding secretary, and Robert Turner, recording secretary. Senior members of the American Institute of Chemical En- gineers this year were Robert Abroham, Joe Adler, Gordon Anderson, Seymour Barer, Lee Berlin, Al Bezat, Jim Brunton, Maurice Carver, William Crawford, David Dietz, Saxe Do- brin, Art Engvall, Kenneth Erickson, Don Ferron, Clarence Flynn, D. Gilbertson, Phil Grosman, Charles Heisig, Paul Jlmg, Kenneth Krake, Ed Lantz, Vernon Larson, Charles Matson, Harold Melin, Neil Miller, Darl Mitton, Robert Mueleners, Phil Nolan, R. C. Olson, R. W. Olson, Victor Olson, Peter Orlich, Lloyd Picard, Arnold Pukkila, Phil Sauer, Mike Schultze, Stan Simon, Milton Slone, Byron Smith, War- ren Snider, Warren Stanchield, Lawrence Streff, Wesley D. Tobin, Robert L. Turner, Richard Warner, John Whaley, and John Zemlin. Junior members were Francis Brown, Maurice R. Carver, Erwin Epstein, Robert Flygare, Ward Gorney, Gerhardt Hass, Robert Hawkinson, Gilbert Johnson, Jean Mabbott, Roy McKenzie, Paul Rebers, Leroy Severson, and Richard Wethern. Freshmen in AIChE were B. Ahlberg, George Bowman, and George Chapin. American lnstitute of Electrical Engineers Of the many engineering societies, AIEE comes close to being the largest. Among its numerous members are active Ed Proszek, resident of the Technolog office, Bob Giantvalley, former Techno- log editor and chairman of the Feudin'-with-them- other-publications Committee, and Dean Babcock, traitor to the fundamental principles of engineering because he is a member of the Board of Publica- tions-which has nothing to do with Technolog. Senior members this year were: Robert Bratzli, Dean Babcock, Worrell Deuser, William Ebeltoft, Bernard Ekman, Donald Goiffon, Melvin Gordon, Fred Grahame, Robert Kisch, Harvey Miller, Ed- ward Proszek, Warren Rose, James Stahmann, Loren Swanson, H. Webster Thompson, and Gaylord Wall. Junior members were: William Alden, Robert Berg, John Bland, Stanley Brown, Harley Burgett, John Connelly, Richard Ewens, Robert Feigal, E. H. Fritze, Edward Goldstein, Wallace Hohman, Phillip Johnson, William Johnson, John Kellen, Frank Kline, Lloyd Major, Gordon Nordstrom, Er- win Retzlaff, Wesley Swanson, Kenneth Watkins, Herman Wittenberg, and Lester Wulkan. Members from the sophomore class were: Victor Beck, Herbert Bergquist, Russell Bratt, Sheldon Childs, John Gustafson, Raymond Hatting, Ken- neth Henke, Richard Hosterman, Douglas Johnson, Walter Jordan, Charles Miller, Donald Moore, Clyde Sloss, Raymond Stein, Walter Strimling, Ed- win Van De Riet, Robert Vaughn, Rowland Wag- ner, Winston Wallin, and Keith Sueker. American Society of Civil Engineers A.S.C.E. is a professional society for all civil engi- neering students. Following their monthly business meetings held in the Union, the society sponsored lectures and movies and served refreshments. The Northwest section of the A.S.C.E. enter- tained the Minnesota chapter at two banquets dur- ing the year. In April they awarded three scholar- ship prizes to Quentin R. Bohne, Norbert A. Dier- sen and John S. LoefHer. Seniors in A.S.C.E. this year were Clayton A. Berry, Quentin R. Bohne, Harold V. Carlson, David A. Church, Norbert A. Diersen, James F. Doell, James H. Flynn, S. Edwin Gilkey, Philip J. Gold- hammer, Carroll A. Grubb, Paul G. Gustafson, James M. Haining, James G. Heins, George L. Hin- ueber, Sol J. Jacobs, Robert B. Johnson, Leland K. Karr, Robert B. Kimball, Donald E. Kloss, Ray G. Lee, D. Fred Lovegren, Wallace K. Meyers, James H. Mohr, Valley S. Morehouse, Leo D. Mosier, Don- ald E. Nelson, Donald I. Neubauer, Dan R. O'Hare, John C. Olson, Daniel Peinovich, Harold F. Ring, John E. Schaefer, Sidney A. Swenson and Clarence R. Volp. Members in the junior class were F. R. Aichinger, Donald A. Anderson, Oliver D. Billing, John W. Burke, Eugene E. Burkman, Carl C. Chloupek, Milton R. Christensen, Lloyd A. Duscha, William J. Eklund, W. C. Faust, Frederick R. F redrickson, Donald B. Hawes, James S. Holdhusen, Wayne A. Holum, Kenneth D. Hoyt, Louis O. Huset, Donald G. Hyde, William C. Koskinen, A. F. Larson, Jo- seph E. Morgan, Louis M. Only, Donald L. Preston, Robert W. Rosene, Walter J. Schularick, E. Darwin Spartz, James V. Sullivan, Elmer E. Thiesse and Jerry K. Thomas. Sophomores were Edward C. Bather, Charles O. Eickhof and David Keane. John C. Merrell was a graduate student. Eta Kappa Nu Because the fraternity was honorary, Eta Kappa Nu did not have a great number of activities, but initiations always called for big parties, and the members managed to get together for at least one splurge per quarter. In the fall, they had a Wiener roast and the usual post-final celebrations caused a lot of excitement. Big men in engineering were President Harvey Miller and Vice President John Hogan, and the men were extremely proud of the number of alums in service. Seniors in Eta Kappa Nu this year were Walter L. Anderson, Fred E. Barron, Robert O. Batzli, Morton X. Berland, Kimball C. Cummings, William H. Ebeltoft, John A. Heiertz, Ralph H. Hinrichs, John W. Hogan, Arthur O. Kemppainen, Robert N. Kisch, Earl R. Linne, Walter N. Lundahl, H. Rob- ert Marthwich, Stuart McCullough, Edward L. Proszek, James E. Roehl, Merrill G. Stiles, and Da- vid H. Westwood. Junior members were Harley B. Burgett, Harvey A. Miller, James R. Stahman, and Herman Witten- berg. 39 institute of Aero Sciences "We may be engineers, but we're financial wiz- ards-we owe it all to our slide-rulesf' and the many members of the Institute of Aero Sciences proved their assertion this year. They topped all other technical societies in their contributions to the War Chest, and flashy Bob Speth established a rec- ord when he collected 34408.16 in four days for 72 Aero keys. Senior members this year were Robert Anderson, Ralph Ashland, Arthur Berg, Joseph Brom, Mar- shall Burquest, John Burt, James Corcoran, Robert Dean, Vllilliam Dougherty, Russell Duncan, Sher- man Edwards, Sol Feldman, William Foulke, George Geelan, Calvin Goodrich, Roger Grohs, Ellsworth Haley, Sherman Hartman, Alvin Hesby, Harland Hite, Leonard Iverson, Roger Johnson, Robert Kat- kov, Theodore Kotonias, Alfons Kraus, Charles Leef, William Legler, Melvin Lifson, William Mc- Guire, Robert Miller, Kenneth Mogren, Raymond Monahan, Karl N eumeier, Hugh O'Brien, Rob- ert Olson, Thomas Reed, Owen Refling, Herbert Rochen, James Rustad, Albert Saloum, Bernard Shanks, Alexander Sowyrda, Robert Speth, Marga- ret Stickles, Truman Stickney, George Swanbeck, James Thayer, Kenneth Thornbury, Robert Turner, Warren Underwood, Russell Wilshusen, Daniel Win- ker, and Leland Workman. Junior members were James Ackerman, Robert Beyers, Earl Christensen, Norman Delin, Robert Deppe, Robert Hill, Fred Holford, Robert Howard, Lawrence Kircher, Robert Korsmo, Robert Kruse, Eugene Leadon, Lucille Luck, Robert Nelson, Henry N odland, Robert Peterson, Warren Phillips, Ernest Poston, Jack Roddy, Harry Schmitz, Llewellyn and Donald Simpson. Sophomores were Francis Ashford, Clay Boswell, Elmer Christensen, Roger Larson, Harry Lee, Marne Nagel, Donald Neal, Edward Skoog, and Calvin Wick. The two freshmen were Lawrence Bodin and Donald Piccardg and the grad student was Eugene Stolarik. Kappa Eta Kappa The Kappa Eta Kappa boys were very social- minded this year. At the drop of a short circuit, they held smokers, stags, and various other excuses to get together and talk things over. And the biggest blow- out of the year - the Tri-Tech semi-formal- which the boys held in cooperation with Theta Tau and Triangle, really topped off the season. 40 When screwier parties are planned, call on Kappa Eta Kappa to plan 'em. Just before school started in the fall, they held a combination picnic and dance at Excelsior, but the boys didnit worry much about the dancing part as any engineer could plainly see. Small, informal get-togethers were the by-word, though, because of the warg and the usual banquet at a downtown hotel for Founders' Day was super- ceded this year by a quiet QPD smoker at the house. President Harvey Miller led the Kappa lads in their athletic attempts, and very well, they did, too, leading their league in bowling until the final game. Many of the members were almost lost when the ROTC were inducted, but most of them returned to the campus and membership was fairly stable. Senior members of Kappa Eta Kappa this year were: Frederick Barron, William Carter, Philander Durkee, John Heiertz, Burton Holmberg, Jack Krue- ger, Newton Mohn, and Harry Novak. Junior members were: Dominic Benassi, Worrell Deuser, Edgar Fritze, Herbert Frey, Wallace Hoh- man, Frank Kline, Charles Miller, Harvey Miller, Kenneth Watkins, and Lester Wulkan. Sophomores were: Verne Mattison, Herbert Lee, Louis Leitze, and Keith Sueker. Freshmen were: Russell Bratt and Douglas John- son. Faculty members were: John Kuhlmann, Russell Neilson, Dr. S. C. Larson, advisor E. E. Edgell Ccalled "E-cubedvj , O. W. Muckenhirn, M. E. Todd, Elmer Johnson, and O. A. Becklund. Pi Delta Nu A unique organization, Pi Delta Nu was made up of girls who chose some branch of science as their careers-medicine, med tech, engineering, and many other iields were represented this year. Prospective pledges of the sorority were not sure they were wanted this year when - at the scheduled time for the rushing party-they found only a locked door. It was all explainable, though, because the strike had cancelled all Union social activities and all the rooms of the Union were locked. Every- thing came out all right, and the girls agreed that the party was just as much fun when it linally did come off, a week later. The Pi Delta members worked on and helped form the new Interpro Council for sororities this year, and they contributed both time and money to the Red Cross, the War Chest, and the various bond drives. The gals took time off from their tough aca- demic careers for the sororityis social functions. The season began with the fall initiation dinner at the Mirror Room at the Curtis Hotel, and continued through teas, parties, and mixers which carried them through the rest of the year. Seniors in Pi Delta Nu this year were Marion Bartl, Virginia Counter, Marjorie Due, Lorraine Gonyea, Shirley Kubon, Marjorie Marvin, Donna Martin, and Marion Trapp. Juniors were Elaine Daugherbaugh, Dolores Gul- lickson, Louise Kruse, Carol Nelson, and Betty Stu- berg and sophomore members were Betty Ordahl and Grace Spees. x 'fr i if Pi Tau Sigma Like all honorary fraternities, Pi Tau Sigma was hard hit for men. They held a few meetings but not regularly, and when they had a party all planned, social chairman Mel Mark left for the service and it never came off. Most of the yearis business consisted of collecting back dues-they had a lot of "out- standingv men. However, the taking in of new members went on as usual. And after initiation, not reconciled to the idea of "no activities at all," Ray Grismer and Bill Kurzeka held a party of two at Harry's. Most of the Pi Tau Sigmas were active in other campus organizations. Graduating in December with commissions as ensigns were Bob Linsmayer and Art Engstrom. Both were members of Phi Psi and Tau Beta Pi, and both were in the NROTC, Bob was commander of the unit his last quarter. Two Pi Tau Sigma members were athletically minded-Alpha Delt Guy LaLone and Bill Kur- zeka who played hockey for the Rangers, the me- chanical engineers' intramural team. Bill was a graduate ME and gave up traditional engineer wolf- ing when he became engaged in the middle of the year. Three other members of Pi Tau Sigma also be- longed to the honorary Tau Beta Pi. They were Mel Mark, on the Union Board and funny man for Technolog until he was drafted, heavy-set Bob Schwalbe who was treasurer of the fraternity, and Cavour Hauser who always made the rest of the men feel small by continually beating the books and always being a week ahead in his assignments. Other members of Pi Tau Sigma were seniors Veikko Jokela, Warren J. Krause, Henry B. Tillot- son, Stanley C. Tingquist and Fred B. Atwood. Seventeen members of the engineering staff were alums of the fraternity. They were Professors R. B. Rowley, J. R. DuPriest, C. F. Shoop, B. J. Robert- son, H. B. Wilcox, R. E. Summers, J. J. Ryan, C. E. Lund, R. C. Jordan, M. N. LaJoy, E. Laitala, A. Algren, C. Koepke and Messrs. M. A. Lindeman, R. H. Eustis, R. E. English and R. M. L. Lindquist. Plumb Bob "The Blarney Stone is gone! Who dunnit?" said the Daily headlines the morning of March 3, 19414. And the miners hunted for it for days-or rather, nights-before the big day. In fact the miners got into some very embarrassing situations in their mad hunt-all because of the traditional event, the stealing of the Blarney Stone. But the Plumb Bob members knew what had really happened. The Stone was never actually gone, it had been hidden well by legitimate members of the Engineers' Day committee and even the Daily was fooled into believing that it had been taken. Not until time for the knighting ceremonies was the back of Pinky VVilliams' car opened and the Stone brought forth with due ceremony by the Plumb Bob men. The miners didnit have the chance to carve their year into the Stone as usual. But care and feeding of the Blarney Stone was only part of the regular activities of Plumb Bob. This year, however, because of the manpower situa- tion in the Institute, this honorary engineering fra- ternity voted to suspend activity until revival was deemed advisable. Appropriate changes were made in the constitution to take care of the move, and all of the organization's belongings were filed away for future reference. New members were initiated, though, and the traditional ceremonies carried through. The dark doings were put on in little-known chambers of buildings in the engineering group. One of the awe- some parts of the rite was that in which the neo- phytes were subjected to a near-hurricane blast of wind-couldnit say where it came from, but it might have been at OSL fOak Street Lab to out- sidersl. Plumb Bob meetings were held Whenever Presi- dent Jerome Robert "Geevee,' Giantvalley could get a quorum together, and that was a tough proposi- tion with three members in the campus navy pro- gram, several holding down part-time jobs, and the rest working to graduate in the fall and winter. 4I Members of Plumb Bob this year were all seniors: Eugene Andrews, who was also winter quarter edi- tor of Technolog, Donald Baer, William Carter, Norbert Diersen, Arthur Engstrom, Bob Giantval- ley, Alton Levorson, Dave McGuire, Miles Olson, Robert Olson, Edward Proszek, and Clarence Volp. Tau Beta Pi Since Phi Beta Kappa is not open to students in the Institute, the Tau Beta Pi Association serves as the engineers' Phi Beta Kappa. The organization prided itself in that it promoted a spirit of liberal culture. Most of their meetings during this year were spent figuring out who was eligible for membership. The Tau Beta Piis knew what they wanted as far as scholarship was concerned, but they weren't quite sure whether ASTP's and V-12,s were to be ad- mitted into the inner circle. After much heated dis- cussion and deliberation they decided to elect mem- bers from both the army and navy engineering programs. This year Tau Beta Piis main project was the placing of "just plain good booksi' in a corner of the engineers' library. These books were strictly non-technical and were put there for the pleasure of brousing engineers. This was quite a step in the field of liberal culture and the engineers really liked it. Imagine finding a copy of 'gDavid Copperfield" in an engineers library! Along with its other activities Tau Beta Pi spon- sored lectures for the entire engineering school. One of the most outstanding of these lectures was one on post-war problems given by Willem J. Luyten, professor of Astronomy. His talk was aimed toward making the engineers think in lines other than the Institute of Technology. In an effort to bring students and faculty closer together, Tau Beta Pi sponsored several get-togeth- ers. Some of the engineers found that their profes- sors were actually quite human outside of class. Senior members in Tau Beta Pi this year were Walter L. Anderson, Dean F. Babcock, Robert O. Batzli, Arthur R. Berg, Norbert A. Diersen, William Ebeltoft, Arthur W. Engstrom, Lloyd Gonyea, Don- ald W. Grunditz, Sherman W. Hartman, Arthur O. Kemppainen, Melvin VV. Lifson, Earl R. Linne, Robert L. Linsmayer, Stuart McCullough, Melvin Mark, H. Robert Mathwich, Daryl G. Mitton, Hugh J. O'Brien, Robert C. Olson, Robert R. Olson, Owen A. Refling, Robert H. Schwalbe, Robert F. Speth, Warren R. Stanchiield, Charles L. Swanson and David H. Westwood. 42 Tau Omega One of the newest organizations on campus, the Epsilon chapter of Tau Omega was founded at Min- nesota on April 13, 1943. The charter group of the national honorary aeronautical engineering frater- nity was initiated and installed by two representa- tives from the University of Oklahoma, the birth- place of Tau Omega. On April 25, 1943, the first group of oflicers was elected and took the oath of office immediately. It was at midnight on August 28, that the first duly selected group of candidates reported to the Armory for the formal and informal initiation cere- monies into the bonds. What took place behind those dark walls must remain a mystery, but a ma- jority of the candidates lived to pass the rigorous tests and were inducted. The election of Owen A. Refling as president, Alexander Sowyrda as vice president, Sherman S. Edwards as secretary, Roger H. Grohs as treasurer, and Bernard J. Shanks as historian took place N o- vember 3, 1943. Tau Omega was an exception in the war years at the University when about the only dehnite action any fraternity took was to go inactive. Because the fraternity was less than a year old, this year, a great amount of the organization work was still left to be done, and the general disruption of the Whole Uni- versity routine impelled the group to forgo regular activities, although the usual meetings were held and new initiates were inducted in the spring. Senior members of Tau Omega this year were: Robert R. Anderson, Arthur R. Berg, James M. Corcoran, Sherman S. Edwards, Sol Feldman, Ed- ward Falkenstrom, Roger H. Grohs, Sherman W. Hartman, Robert B. Katkov, Adrian P. Keller, Howard J. Lang, Richard Leef, Melvin Lifson, Karl E. Neumeier, Hugh J. O'Brien, Robert R. Olson, Owen A. Refling, Robert Reynolds, Bernard Shanks, Robert F. Speth, Alex Sowdrya, Warren Under- wood, and Fred Youngren. Junior members were: Robert R. Kruse and Jack Roddyg while the faculty members were John D. Akerman, head of the Aeronautical department, Charles T. Boehnlein, Garvin L. Von Eschen, George M. Baggs, and Norbert F. Ruszaj. And other Big-Men-in-Engineering belonged to Tech Commission . . . and they were big men, too. For instance, there was Miles Beardsely Olson, of rocket fame, who had a lot of trouble making his V-12 sailor suit fit. Miles was president of the Commission and made himself known both in engineering and in Pioneer Hall until he and his car "went to warn on the USS Prairie State. Then there was pudgy Ed Proszek, member of al- most every engineering society and inhabitant of the Technolog office. From the Aeronautical divi- sion of engineering came Alex Sowyrda, president of the Institute of Aero Sciences, and double-E was represented by William Carter, prexy of AIEE. Treasurer Lloyd Gonyea, member of Alpha Chi Sigma, held up the chemical end of Tech, and Secre- tary Norbert Dierson spoke for Tau Beta Pi and Plumb Bob. Bill Kurzeka spoke for himself, mostly, according to the boys, but he had ME behind him, and that was a large following-even in the war years. Another Plumb Bob member was Clarence Volp, and Tom Brown and Al Annand were always pres- ent to help rule engineering affairs. Tech Commis- sion was an all-engineering body, the super-slide- rule-wielders, they were to the Technolog what the Board of Publications was to Arts publications. The Commission had the power of life and death over salaries on the magazine, over the Engineers' Day chairmen, and over arrangements of all engineering extra-curricular activities. When Olson left, Ed Proszek was promoted from his position of vice president and the organization went on without a break, except for the sometimes rowdy meetings. Theta Tau "The army is snapping up our boys like a turtle takes to flies-but we carry on," said the Theta Taus. They had the same troubles with Uncle Sam and the manpower shortage as most of the other engineering societies, but they did carry on in great style. Big parties in which Theta Tau members took active parts were the fall celebration-of-everything at Campstool Ranch on Lake Minnetonka, the In- terprofessional Ball, and the Tri-Tech dance. Most informal and most enjoyed, though, were the big blow-outs at the house after every football game. There were a lot of "Ersts', in the organization this year. Bob Anderson and Warren Underwood were two of the first members to be elected to Tau Omega, the honorary aeronautical fraternity founded in 1943 on the campus, and the boys copped the intramural hockey title-mythical but appreciated. Close to a "first" was the IM basket- ball team handled by Bob Dean that came within a hair of winning the championship. Al Swanson was voted the hardest worker around the house this year, and Babe Schwab was one of the three co-chairmen of Engineers, Day-he and former chairman, Miles Olson, spent much time com- paring notes on best ways to outwit the miners. On the military side, Lieutenant Wes Johnson re- turned to campus this year to resume his member- ship in the fraternity and his activities in engineering after taking part in the invasion of North Africa. Another member, Carroll Jacobsen switched mili- tary units in the middle of the year-he left the campus V-12 unit to go to West Point. Advisor Fred Teske was kept busy seeing that the fraternity stayed active, but the boys liked best his self-assumed duty of throwing going-away parties whenever a member got drafted, graduated, or just left. Senior members of Theta Tau this year were Robert R. Anderson, Edward J. Rupert, John W. St. Vincent, Jerome J. Schwab, and Warren H. Un- derwood. Juniors in the fraternity were Gerald Berger, Winston E. Bergsman, Donald E. Brand, John L. Carlson, Robert T. Dean, Linn N. Hokenson, John B. Moxness, Donald H. Regelin, Llewellyn C. Schu- ler, and Alf T. E. Swanson. The sophomore and freshman members were Bill Kinauder and Charles Britzius, respectively, and Theta Taus on the faculty were Dean Comstock, Fred Teske, and Lt. Wesley Johnson. Triangle The Triangles were different from most engineers this year-they didn,t study all the time. They felt that engineers should be sociable even though they were engineers-so, they gave lots of swell parties and really had a gay time for themselves. Even last summer they were busy going on canoe trips at St. Croix and giving picnics and swimming parties. Not to be outdone in the fall, they had a Wiener roast at Minnehaha Park and a Halloween masquerade party at the house in October, and an informal Christmas dance in December. Came February and the Triangles, in conjunction with Theta Tau and Kappa Eta Kappa sponsored the Tri-Tech semi-formal at the Leamington. You would have thought that this, plus a hayride at Eaton's, would have been enough social life, but no-they had to have another informal house dance on March 11-right in the middle of final week! 43 Since no parties have been reported at the Tri- angle house since then, we take it that the boys' grades suHered because of their mid-Hnal madness and that they settled down to study in earnest dur- ing spring quarter. Triangle characters are Luddie Martinson, casa- nova of the house, and Wally Jordan, who seems to have mastered the technique of saying corny things in a funny way. Among the best customers of the Jug were Al Kraus, Dan Winker and Harley Bur- gett. The chapter initiated Professor Charles Thomp- son Boehnlein as an honorary member this year. Occasional amusing incidents such as collapsing beds only served to make life at the house more in- teresting for the Triangles. They realized that some- thing must be done about the situation-either they had to get new beds or the fellows had to re- duce! QSlim looking bunch of Triangles we have here at Minnesotaj The Triangles will never forget the time they raided the Kappa Sig house last year. CN either will the Kappa Sigs!j Seniors in Triangle this year were Leonard W. Christensen, Alfons Kraus, William F. Legler, I. Winston Nelson and Phillip A. Nolan. Junior members were Eugene C. Bredeson, Har- ley B. Burgett, Neil B. Griebenow, H. Webster Thompson, Daniel E. Winker and James F. Wolff. Sophomores in the chapter were Robert Akro, Walter B. Jordan, Luddy R. Martinson and Russell H. Sandahl. Freshmen were John J. Ashenbrucker, Frank Harris, Richard Hosterman, Eugene Kujawa, Larry D. Landstrom, James A. Peterson, Gerald Spies and Robert C. Walter. ll' 9, ll gk ls lx S- wx 44 General College Over in Wesbrook Hall, General College, nation- ally known as a pioneer in its particular field of edu- cation, went through its eleventh year of existence with less change than was.eXpected. Enrollment held up in spite of the over-all University drop and classes were large. Many teachers, though, found things different as they taught military as well as civilian classes. H. T. Morse The director of General college this year had the added job of coordinator of the army air forces pre- flight program and the ASTP basic engineering pro- gram on campus. This work kept Dr. lllorse busy attending committee meetings, but it also gave him the pleasure of a trip to sunny California-from one balmy clime to another, this year-to inspect the air base at Santa Ana. When Dr. Morse resumed his University work in September, he left behind him the work of a sum- mer of farming and a house full of canned goods to show for it. His farm on the outskirts of the city was much more than a victory garden, but he insisted that he was still an amateur. The school year was all work and no play for Dr. Morse. He used to make a special point of going out for winter sports, but this year he had no time for recreation. Along with his military position, Dr. Morse worked to adapt the curriculum of the college to meet the changing times. New courses and group- ings of courses were aimed to prepare students for army service or for war jobs, and the director began to plan ahead of time for post-war changes and de- velopments. He looked forward to an expansion of semi-vocational studies along with a revised system of general liberal education. Law School Law school had the shortage to end all shortages -as far as the manpower situation in technical schools was concerned. Professors mentally threw up their hands in amazement when they saw the number of women in the freshman and sophomore classes, and the slightly ribald tone that formerly characterized law classes had to be toned down for feminine ears-although the girls were willin'. At the traditional Law School smoker, held Feb- ruary 4 this year, men still outnumbered the women, but the proportion broke all precedents. Chief Jus- tice Charles Loring of the Minnesota Supreme court addressed the students, and satirical skits were given by the bolder souls. The smoker gave Law classes a chance to get acquainted - and the women told some good jokes, too. Dean E. Fraser Head of one of the few schools of the University to have an honor system and an intermediary board was Dean Everett Fraser. Dean Fraser was inter- ested in seeing the students take more part in aca- demic government, and he helped set up the means by which Law students could direct their own disci- pline, long before such things were thought of in other departments of the University. Dean Fraser was one of the Law professors who wondered about the number of would-be female lawyers. "I donit know whether there is a place for women in the profession," said he, "but if they're willing to try to find it, we're willing to let them." The dean held the distinction of being one of the youngest persons ever to become a dean. He was just four years out of law school when he became dean of the George Washington University Law School in 19141. Three years later, he came to Minne- sota to take over the office of dean here in 1920. This year he supplanted the many administrative duties with teaching, and, because he was very in- terested in governmental law, his extra-curricular activities were concerned with law organizations. He took part in the Association of Law Schools - an organization consisting of 95 schools of high standard-and this year became president-elect of that group. He held the title for a year and in 1945 became president. Dean Fraser was the second Min- nesotan to hold the position within recent years, Wilbur H. Cherry, professor of law, had it in 1939. As were the heads of other departments of the University during the war year, Dean Fraser was especially conscious of the part his school would play when the war ended. "With the great discus- sions that will be going on over international law,', said the dean, "national law, too, will come in for much interest. It will be up to the law schools of the country to prepare men to competently revise and restate the laws of the nation." War Work The Minnesota Law Review did its part in the war this year. Although there was an unusual man shortage in the school itself, the Review noticed nothing out of the ordinary. Especially at the first of the year, work on the magazine was done by only two or three persons, because members of the stu- dent editorial board were not chosen until the middle of the year. The Review, journal of the state bar association, was published monthly-December through June -by both faculty and students of the school, and this year marked Q7 years of continuous publica- tion. Students qualified for the board by writing up two recent cases, and after qualifying, they Worked on the Review two years, spending from 35 to 40 hours a week on it. This year the Law Review was cited by the Su- preme court for its article on the EX Parte Quirin case which dealt with the seven saboteurs who were landed in this country from a submarine, inciden- tally, the University of Tokyo was a former sub- scriber to the Review. The magazine handled about 2,100 subscriptions this year- a figure considerably lower than usual because of the drop in enrollment in the countryis law schools. Professors of law who held editorial positions were Henry Rottschaefer, editor, Stefen Riesenfeld, assistant editor, Henry McClintock, assistant edi- tor and book reviewer, and Wilbur Cherry, business manager. John Mooty and Leonard Schanfield, Law juniors, were on the student editorial board when the year started. Besides the students who entered the service, Law school contributed its quota of faculty members, also. Among those who left for the duration were Horace E. Read, Law professor, who became a commander in the Canadian Navy special branch, Edward G. Jennings, Law professor, who went with the Oflice of Price Administration, and William L. Prosser, Law professor, who also left for Washing- ton to join the OPA. 45 chool of Medicine and ursin i "Dr. Olson? Oh, heis over at Elliot hospital"- or Eustis, or Todd-and few University students would know what the operator was talking about. The well-known University hospital was actually three units which operated as one. Elliot was the first hospital built, and it started on a grant of S113,000 by the widow of Dr. Adol- phus Elliot. In 1911, with an additional grant from the state legislature, the hospital was built. Then because of plans and grants from Dr. Frank Todd and his widow, the second hospital opened in 1925, giving the medical school an adequate hospital am- phitheater for the Hrst time. This second unit was built with the primary purpose of providing sepa- rate quarters for the study of eye, ear, nose, and throat diseases, and at the same time the cancer institute opened-constructed with 5BQ50,000 from a grant by Mrs. George Christian. The third unit, Eustis, was donated by William Eustis for the care of handicapped children. Mr. Eustis, a cripple from childhood, also provided for a convalescent home for children-the plans for this were nearing completion this year. In the hospitals, courses in nursing, medical tech- nology, radiology, and training programs for hospi- tal dieticians, medical social workers, hospital librarians, and pharmacists were offered. And there were plans in the making for two more buildings in the series-one to be a hospital dedicated to the Mayo brothers, and the other to house public health, public medicine, and the department of bacteriol- ogy. War came to the University medical research school in many ways. Aside from the fact that many of the students bending over test tubes and Bunsen burners were wearing GI under their lab coats, supplies of many necessary ingredients were cur- tailed. In the bacteria lab, repercussions were felt 46 from the war in the Pacific. Agar, a seaweed prod- uct used extensively in research, came from the Far East, and the source was almost completely cut off. Agar, a gelatinous substance made from seaweeds, was used as an ingredient in bacteria cultures, it caused the cultural media to j ell, making a hard sur- face on which the germs grew-this made it pos- sible to separate one species from another. Both faculty and students this year were busy trying to find a substitute for this precious substance, since the University supply was only enough to last out the year. Experiments Were made with gelatin, but they were unsuccessful as that ingredient was not as resistant to high temperatures as agar. Before the War, agar was used in the making of candy and chocolate milk in order to keep the mixtures smooth, but this year its use was restricted to essential pur- poses. In connection with the University hospital in the Kenny institute, Sister Kenny's miraculous Work on patients stricken with infantile paralysis went on. In addition to the regular training course offered in the institute, a special short course was held during November under the sponsorship of the Center for the Continuation of Study on campus. In a three- day session, Sister Kenny and her head technician gave lectures and demonstrations at hospitals in the Twin Cities. Doctors and technicians from the Mayo Clinic attended the course, along with men and women from throughout the Northwest. So the regular work of the University hospitals went on, war or not, to train men for the ever- important and ever-present job of curing the ill. Dr. H. S. Diehl "University medical students in the army and navy have an easy time of it in this War,', according to Dr. Harold S. Diehl, dean of the Medical School. , at the University at that time was a 'ho went into uni- :he men stayed in ,d much more mili- juniors and seniors although the other l military training program. "traveling,' deans, ig between Minne- : served as a mem- l Education of the es this, there were medical education, the Association of paredness commit- through the same he was extremely iniform and stayed technical training. phat the University 5 one of the first in ram - even before ,ent in med was 24 the men who re- Jns from the army the fact that they or inactive status. nton iervice had the care ,tioned on the cam- : busier than ever. F military students ts. "The reason for .at many of the ci- they had colds or :ared for there. The tunate, they relied for medical caref' -the-Great-Flu, the i small to take care sg and it was neces- .rts and Red Cross re of the overflow. s Nurse Aides, all 'ere properly cared said they wouldnit lin-if they could have more attention from the blue-jumpered "an- gels of mercyf, It was a part of Dr. Boynton's duties to see that the Nurse Aides were properly trained and to deter- mine whether there were enough of them to give the epidemic victims care. Dr. Boynton got her medical degree from the University of Minnesota in 1921g and she was made head of the Health Service in 1936. In the absence of Dr. Gaylord Anderson, she was also acting head of the department of Preven- tive Medicine and Public Health. Dr. Boynton be- lieved that the place of women physicians in the War effort was at their regular posts taking care of ci- vilian needs, and as for . . . Katharine J. Densford "T he role of nurses in the war is one of the most important played by any single group of people," said Miss Katharine Densfordg and hers was the job of training women to meet the responsibilities of that role. Too many women, according to Miss Densford, thought of the profession of nursing as a glamorous career, "But the coming of the war and the many picturizations of nurses actually in battle areas weeded out those girlsf, As chief co-ordinator of nursing instruction at the University, Miss Densford had many added prob- lems this year. With the classes of new cadet nurses and the instruction of Nurses' Aides, there were many more strains upon the depleted nursing fac- ulty. Many of the faculty took leaves for the dura- tion, and others joined the army and navy to go on active duty. In World War I, Miss Densford was a student nurse at the University, and in this war she helped in the organization of cadet nurse corps at Minne- sota and in the acceleration of courses for the regu- larly enrolled nursing students. I-Ier efforts were not confined to the University program, however, for she also was active in the ar- rangement of instruction for civilians in first aid and home nursing. A member of the Minnesota Nurses association, Miss Densford was chairman of that organizationis special Council on Defense-a body set up to handle war problems that nurses and nurs- ing instructors faced. One of the biggest problems Miss Densford had was the constant demand of the armed forces and civilian groups for more and more nurses. "We ac- celerated the programs to the limitf' she said, "and the girls couldnit work harder, but still there was need for twice as many as we had facilities to trainf, 47 Medical and Nursing War Work Not only on the campus did the University do its part in the war ef- fort - the University hospital unit 26, located near the Tunisian front when that campaign was going on, was one of the farthest advanced general hos- pitals ever set up by the American army. Headed by Lt. Col. Haynes Fowler, the unit consisted of physicians from the University staff and alumni. In addition, there were about 120 nurses from the Uni- versity hospital and other hospitals throughout the state. The unit left the United States in October, 1942, spent three months in England, and landed in Oran on February 1. They were billeted on a hill back of Oran in pup tents, shelter halves which didnit oHer much protection against the North African winters -which the group found to be cold and rainy with occasional freezing temperatures. When the hospital was set up near Constantine, there were no modern facilities, the staff had to live in tents, and the doctors were forced to improvise on their equipment as much of the original was lost en route. "When we get back to the States dealers will have a hard time selling us equipment, we got so used to making it ourselvesf' said one of the doctors in a letter. An army general hospital-such as unit 26 was - as distinguished from the evacuation or base hos- pital, gave definite, complete service, rather than temporary treatment. University unit 26 had over 10,000 patients up to the spring of '44, and every physician connected with the hospital was a spe- cialist in his own field. The unit was also outstand- ing because, according to reports, it was the most highly organized and disciplined unit at the front -strict military order was maintained at all times, and the unit was said to be "the most salutinest outfit of allf, Lt. Lucy Brauns, physiotherapist from the Uni- versity, used the Sister Kenny treatment success- fully on several patients, and a report issued after the African victory indicated that the medical corps was cited for its brilliant performance. University hospital unit 26 had a stake in the fact that during the African campaign, there occurred the lowest death rate among the injured in military history. 48 The first part of October, Dr. Starke Hathaway and Dean Williamson at- tended a conference of civilian edu- cators to discuss problems attending the demobilization of the army. The conference, called by the adjutant gen- eral's oflice in Washington, D. C., worked on plans for education of army personnel, counselling programs, and preparation of a manual for that pur- pose. Dr. Hathaway had previously been working with John Charnley NIcKinley on a "multiphasic per- sonality inventoryf' a test for physic abnormalities. The test, useful to general practitioners as well as specialists, would help in the rehabilitation of war veterans, it was designed so that a doctor could know a new patient, in an hour or two, as well as the family doctor did. Mechanics of the test were very simple - all a patient had to do was go through about 500 statements, printed on cards, and mark each card "true," "false,n or "cannot sayf, There were 15 cards which detected whether or not the person was fibbing to put himself in a better light-answers to the questions might not have been embarrassing, but some of the diagnoses were. Over in the South Tower of the stadium, Dr. An- cel Keyes continued his experiments on human en- durance in the University laboratory of physiologi- cal hygiene. In November, he published an article in the American Journal of Nutrition which estab- lished that a normal person eating an ordinary Min- nesota diet would not have to worry about a vita- min B1 fthiaminej deficiency. For his experiments, Dr. Keyes used young men students of the University, and the purpose of the work was to study the action of thiamine in the body and to discover the minimum thiarnine re- quirements for health and activity. The advertised "minimum requirement" of thiamine was deter- mined mainly by guessworkg and the actual mini- mum requirement, as found by Dr. Keyes, was much smaller than the general public realized. The men were put on diets, adequate in other re- spects, but with varying degrees of B1 content. Then the experiment was reversed to find out whether a personis strength or endurance was stepped up by larger doses of the vitamin, but the results were nega- tive again. From these experiments, it was deter- mined that army and civilian diets, if normal, would contain enough of this particular vitamin to meet human needs. In November, lVIajor S. A. Weisman came back to the campus from University hospital unit Q6- after nine months of overseas duty. "F rom the time I left the unit,', said Major Weisman, "I didn't get that military feeling until I got back on campus and found myself walking down the street saluting. I hadnft seen that many men since I left overseas." The major said that unit 26 was closer to the front than any other unit, and because of inadequate facilities, patients had to be housed in tents with concrete floors made by the engineers, but the mor- tality rate was unusually low because of the excel- lent work of the nurses and doctors at the front. "We had to work pretty hardf' he said. "But in spite of everything spirit was very goodf' According to Major Weisman, the best morale- builder soldiers could get was good news from home. "When they read newspapers or hear news flashes of disunity at home, it disgusts them and they can,t understand itf, The movie stars who toured North Africa didnit get to the area of unit 26: but the men did get to see American movies-in fact that was one of the chief forms of entertainment. "Soldiers from near-by camps came over," said the major. "Maybe somebody sang until the movie could be played-they were good movies, perhaps a year or two old, but the men came to see the same ones again and again." U Among other alums and faculty on active mili- tary duty were the nurses who had gone into army and navy corps as commissioned oflicers-many of the girls were overseas, and many of them wrote back to Vera Alexander, nursing alumni secretary at Powell Hall. Five of the nursing alums were in the South Pa- cific area this year. Esther Stenslie, in the army, was stationed in New Guinea, Ellen Rasmussen, Gea Lofgren, Phyllis Bohlene, and Ann Smalley were all "somewhere in Australia." In the middle of the year, University hospital unit 26 was transferred to Bari, on the Adriatic coast of Italy, and some of the nurses wrote back to tell how they were in the middle of a thick bombing raid when the Nazis sunk 17 Allied ships in Bari Bay. The whole staff liked Bari much better than North Africa-there were more mod- ern facilities, and, as one girl said, "Where we had to improvise, there were more things to improvise withf, Back on the campus, war research and l month of March. March 2, an all-day War Session for physicians, surgeons, medical students, and hos- pital representatives from three Northwest states was sponsored by the American College of Surgeons and held at Hotel Nicollet. Dr. Diehl and several members of the University faculty discussed such problems as the accelerated program for medical and pre-med students, and the manpower situation in all its medical phases. Also in March, Dr. William A. O,Brien, director of post-graduate medical education, took charge of an institute-held in the Continuation Center, and conducted by the Minnesota Society for the Control of Cancer. Experts on the subject spoke to members of the women's field army of the society on the im- portance early recognition and treatment of the dis- ease. Two days of the institute were devoted to the tutoring of public health nurses on methods and techniques of handling cancer cases. About the same time as the cancer institute, Katharine Densford of the School of Nursing spoke at a war session of the hospital section of the Ameri- can College of Surgeons as a representative of the Nursing Council for War Service. Of the numerous medical students and faculty who took leaves of absence, Gaylord W. Anderson, former professor and head of the PMSLPH depart- ment, worked in the control division of the army as head of the educational subdivision of venereal dis- ease, Ruth Harrington, assistant professor of nurs- ing, held down two positions-that of instructor in Red Cross at the Bryn Mawr training camp for nurses, and that of secretary to the commandant of the National League of Nursing Education in Wash- ington, Lucille Petry, assistant director of nursing, went with the United States Public Health Service in Washington, besides serving on a committee for administration of funds for nursing education, and Wallace H. Cole head of the division of orthopedics, worked on American Hospitals in England, Ltd., at Basingstroke, England. And so the University medical school, like other universities and colleges throughout the country, contributed much to the war effort through the work of its men, materials, and research. In cities and villages around the state, men were instructed by University doctors on the betterment of medicine in each community, at home and abroad, the University did its part-whether it was represented by a nurse keeping records in the light of a hand-made lamp on the shores of Italy or by a Nurses, Aide serving in the Union during the flu epi- in nfl problems were being discussed during the demic of the winter of 1943-44. 49 Alpha Delta Theta Alpha Delta Tau, med tech sorority, had been thinking about going national ever since 1930, and this year they did something about it. On Novem- ber 11, they officially combined with the med tech sorority at Marquette University under the name of Alpha Delta Theta. When it came to electing national officers, three girls from the Minnesota chapter Were chosen: Bar- bara Tucker, vice president, and Yvonne Kline and Carol Johnson, publicity editors. Senior members of Alpha Delta Theta were Ca- role Bjorsness, hiariellen Frank, Margaret Bieben- hain, Jean Hagemann, Idelle Hanson, Charlotte Helgeson, Florence Holst, Jane Humiston, Shirley J assoy, Helen Johnson, Sarah J uster, Helen Jorgen- son, Yvonne Klein, Margaret Moulton, Marie Pre- bonic, Mary Richards, Gael Robinson, Margaret Sanderson, Marilyn Stienke, Ollie Stubblelield, Jean Thielicke, Barbara Tucker and Daphne VonRohr. The juniors were Peggy Bergford, Jacky Callies, Mary Ann Carey, Dorothy Denk, Angela DiGiam- battista, Lorraine Gonyea, Muriel Griffeth, Doris Hansen, Carol Johnson, Eilleen Jorgensen, Betty Kramer, Helen Michaelson, Shirley Petersen, Mary Louise Premer, Elizabeth Schneider, Dona Simpson, hlarilyn Stromgren, Wanda Worth and Jean Zierke. Alpha Tau Delta The only sorority of its kind on the campus, Al- pha Tau Delta is composed of 5-year nursing stu- dents, some of Whom plan to join military nursing corps when they graduate. Many of the girls have already begun their practical Work in hospitals in the Twin Cities. Senior members of the sorority this year Were: Jean Ann Caron, Lois Chernausek, Betty Emming- ton, Eva Lou Haedge, Elizabeth Hanson, Betty Heneman, Peggy Heneman, Martha Lepesto, Mar- garet lVIerrill, Miriam Morgan, Dorothy Putnam, Wanda Robertson, Helen Schulberg, Laura Mae Strub, and Enid Taylor. The junior members were: Jean Berg, Clemence Constant, Marion Erjavec, Martha Jane Loe, Imo- gen Taberg and the sophomore members were: Doris Darrington, Mary Ann Platt, Marion Schons, and Dolores Schultz. oooooo 50 Phi Beta Pi According to the Phi Beta Pis themselves, they were going to be a conservative fraternity, so -they studied real hard this year, entered into but lost many athletic events, and gave parties and friendly little get-togethers in various and sundry places- more frequently the latter. In fact, their social life was so successful that over half of the members were married men at the end of the year. The fellows had their share of characters, includ- ing the unholy three Who made up "Haugen, Ham- marsten, Lund Enterprises, Unlimited? This pecul- iar organization concerned itself with the brothers' Welfare by promoting various contests around the house which required a fee for participation but never seemed to produce a prize. All in all, the fellows were a dandy bunch-if you don't believe it, just ask any Phi Bete. e Seniors this year were Gerald Bourget, James Hammarsten, George Haugen, Thomas Krezowski, Paul Larson, Charles Louisell, Clark Marshall, George Martin, Gordon Plattes, John Reitman, Sam- uel Solhaug, Paul Storaasli, Robert Strobel, Darrell and Franklin Wilson. The junior members Were Emil Bergendahl, A1- fred Borgen, Roy Dickman, Richard Fliehr, An- thony Gholz, Stanley Greiewski, Charles Haberle, Louis Jensen, Manley Juergens, Earl Kanne, Har- vey Knoche, George Lund, Donald Peik, Paul Shar- ick, Bernard Spencer, Stuart Thorson and John Yaeger. The sophomores Were Arthur Andrejek, Arthur Aufderheide, Robert Breitenbucher, James Cosgriff, James Dahl, Robert Knutson, David Molander, Richard Norby, Robert Pedersen, Alvin Retzlaff, Harry St. Cyr, Charles Westman, Francis Wierz- binski and N ickolas Zeller. Freshmen members of Phi Beta Pi were William Anderson, Fred Behling, James Erchul, Harold Her- mann, Adrian Jensen, William McClusky, Albert Miller, Robert Myer, Loren Nelson, Melvin Reeves, Albert Reifel, Troy Rollins, Jack Wallinga. Gradu- ate students were Julian Knutson, Allan E. Moe, William Peterson, John Schulze. Phi Chi Phi Chis found that the war really made little dif- ference in their college life - except that all the men of the fraternity Were in uniform, either army or navy- and the freshmen and sophomores who were in the army were barracked. Quarterly parties were held just as in the past. At the end of fall quarter, it was a Christmas party at the house with John Ryan as Santa Claus and a lot of presents for everyone. In the winter the medics went high-brow and had a formal dinner-dance at the Leamington on March 16 with Bob Owens orchestra. Just before the end of winter quarter, in February, the annual Foun- ders' Day banquet was held at the St. Paul Univer- sity Club. As guest speaker at that affair, the Phi Chis had Dr. Eben J . Carey, dean of the Marquette medical school and editor of the Phi Chi quarterly. None of the men who were at that Founders' Day dinner will ever forget the abuse they took from Hal Olson, of the WCCO Artists, Bureau, who kept them laughing all evening. One of the most interesting members of Phi Chi this year was pledge John McFie, who took a great interest in American college life and wrote volumin- ously for the Daily. Senior members of Phi Chi this year were Kenneth Covey, Percy Jewsbury, Reinald Johnson, John Lehman, Burton Orr, John Regan, Robert Semsch, Donald Van Ryzin and Robert Watson. In the junior class were Ellis Benson, Richard Cole, Arthur Forsgren, Robert Guthrie, Yngve Hakanson, Robert Kahlsen, Byron Kinkade, Edward Jensen, Frederick Lawrason, William Lindbloom, Gerald Nadeau, Harvey O'Phelan, Leo Peltier, Kenneth Peterson, Leland Sather, Kermit Stensgaard, Scott Swisher, Ira Wallin and John Walgamot. Harry Anderson, Lyle Benson, Tom Davis, Donald Dille, Vernon Doms, Ben Fuller, Warren Glaede, Cloid Green, John James, Herbert Johnson, Byrl Kennedy, Larry Kiriluk, Henry Krawczyk, John Maunder, Roger McDonald, Murray Movius, Willard Peterson, Rudolph Skogerboe and Francis Stutzman were the sophomore members of the fraternity. And freshmen in Phi Chi were Clinton Berg, Robert Clark, Donald Daggett, Robert Deranleau, Arvid Eide, Denton Eng- strom, Frederick Engstrom, Willis Franz, Francis Haddy, Wil- liam Hanson, Lyle Jacobson, G. William Jones, Winston Lind- berg, Andreen Midthime, Martin Munson, Detlof Olson, An- thony Ourada, Boy Peterson, Jennings Peteler and Robert Rocknem. On the faculty were 17 alumni members of Phi Chi. Phi Rho Sigma With President Claude Hitchcock leading the way, the Phi Rhos had themselves a time this year. They entertained with an open house fall quarter to show off their new furnishings. Then came the fire, so they nick-named their house the Flame Room, redeco- rated, and had another open house-any small ex- cuse for a party. The boys were an athletic bunch. Not only did they win the interfraternity professional bowling and tennis, but they claimed men like Alan Ruster- holz and Kenny Johnson of basketball and Dick Lee of football as members. The Phi Rhos ranked high scholastically, too, but they didn't let that interfere with their social life. Numerous parties took place-with and without the usual excuses of Homecoming, Christmas, etc. These would-be doctors had a peculiar custom called the "inverted schedule," as invented by Russ QOWD Kotval during one final week. The theory was to sleep all day and study all night - and the Phi Rhos followed it religiously. .Senior members of the medical fraternity this year were: Nfilton W. Anderson, Kenneth L. Bauman, Paul M. Brickley, John G. Freeman, William B. Halme, Roy G. Holly, George T. Joyce, Daniel W. Klein, James L. Lynch, Paul R. Nelson, William D. Nesset, Henry A. Norum, Robert W. Rieman, Paul L. Russell, Delmont M. Ulrich, G. Charles Wilcox, and Douglas C. Youngman. Juniors were: Chester A. Anderson, Bruce Boynton, Ed- mund C. Burke, David D. Daly, Leo J. Gehrig, John N. Giebenhain, Thomas N. Hall, Maurice M. Heusinkveld, Claude R. Hitchcock, Robert B. Howard, Edward M. Lafond, Robert E. Lindell, Douglas T. Lindsay, John Perry, Phillip D. Pallister, Fred B. Riegel, John G. Rukavina, Alan P. Ruster- holz, Donald O. Schultz, Paul J. Seifert, Donald E. Taylor, John K. Torrens, Frederick K. VonAmerongen, Frederick H. Walter, A. Cabot Wohlrabe, and Robert L. Wylie. Sophomores were: VVarren M. Bartholomae, Joseph C. Belshe, James C. Breneman, Lester L. Erickson, Phillip V. Halliday, Philip C. Hedenstrom, Robert W. Huber, David R. Johnson, Robert L. King, Russell Kotval, Allen R. Lieder, Verner V. Lindgren, Ralph F. Mach, Clayton Morningstar, Robert D. Nelimark, Carl E. Newcomb, Robert Sandeen, Ralph E. Smith, Joseph L. Sprafka, Sherman O. Strand, Ches- ter E. Thiem, Irving G. Tillotson, Osmund Wisness, Newell Wood, and William H. Ylitalo. Freshmen were: Rolf L. Andreason, Eldon B. Berglund, Robert R. Cooper, Kenneth E. Johnson, Roger I. Lienke, Paul W. Linner, Jack B. Lowrey, George W. Lund, John H. Mahaffy, William D. Misbach, Franklin A. Neva, J. Stephen Phalen, Donald R. Schimnoski, George R. Smith, Jarry J. Smith, Richard C. Smith, John V. Thomas, VVerner W. Von- Amerongen, Harold A. Wente, and John NI. Wolff. Nu Sigma u The medics of Nu Sig were always well known for their notable alumni and their members of Grey Friar, Iron Wedge, Phoenix, Silver Spur and Alpha Omega Alpha. They were even better known for their parties and peculiar characters - and this year was no exception. For instance, among this year's "characters" was Johnny Watson whose life-long ambition has always been to dissect an elephant, and there was Lou Flynn who was always promoting the invention of hollow soap to eliminate the small pieces left in the bathtub. Along the party line, the Nu Sigs chartered the SS Donna Mae for an afternoon cruise-for their mothers, they said. Tea and crumpets were served on the afterdeck while Marty Nordland shouted, "Damn the torpedoeslv QMarty later attempted to drive through the Selby tunnel as a result of an election beth The men also continued with two annual affairs - a basket social with the Alpha Gams and a Silver Tea party for alums over 50 years. 5I Athletics of the fraternity were handled by com- mittee chairman Bill McKenna who saw that the Nu Sigs sent out a good team for all the intramural competitive events. And John Saidy, in charge of rushing, saw to it that the group kept up a good membership. Members in the senior class of Nu Sigma Nu were Robert Bronson, Lee Christoferson, Robert Evert, Louis Flynn, Robert Goltz, Glenn Gullickson, Einer Johnson, George Mac, George McGeary, Martin N ordland, Norman Stone, Nels Thysell and Robert Wood. The juniors were John F. Alden, Robert Drake, James Fearing, James R. Fox, Fred Z. Havens, Wil- liam D. Kelly, William Kucera, John MacDonald William Maloney, George Miners, John A. New- man, William O,Brien and Francis J. Schnugg. Richard Frey, William Galligan, William Mc- Kenna, Ed Meyers, William Remole, William Ryan and John Saidy were the sophomores. And in the freshman class were Mark Anderson, William Atmore, Robert Carter, Richard Leaven- worth, Charles Lindeman, Joseph Mann, Robert Maxeiner, Donald McGeary, David Utz, John Wat- son and Jerry Keefe. Frank Roach was a graduate member of Nu Sig- ma N u in the chapter this year. . 3 Sigma Theta Tau This year the local chapter assisted in the devel- opment of a professional library and study room in Powell Hall. They collected and filed material of interest to nurses for use in the University of Min- nesota Hospitals and fostered cadet nursing recruit- ment. ' These nurses usually got together for their meet- ings in Powell Hall or in the Minneapolis General Hospital nurses, residence, but occasionally they held uinformalv meetings at the homes of members. Seniors in Sigma Theta Tau this year were Lois Chernausek, Gladys Coykendall, Elaine Elwood, Jean Lindahl Franz, Martha Lepisto, Elizabeth Lundeen, Lucille Nelson, Pearl Rempfer, Betty Houd Renneke, Wilma Schmitt and Dorothy Web- ster. Junior members were Jean Austin and Joan Kunny. Graduate students in the chapter were Katherine Baker, Priscilla Dean, Bernice Groos, Miriam Hodges, Bernice Johnson, Josephine Karo- sick, Dorothy A. Larson, Evelyn Olson, Berdyne Peet, Shirley Podas and Verna Pollman. Faculty members included Miss Katharine Dens- ford, who is National President of Sigma Theta Tau. 52 Pharmacy Begun in 1892, known as the "one-man schoolf, and housed, then, in the "sheep,s shedf, the School of Pharmacy was founded under not-too-favorable circumstances. But from an enrollment of only 12, the school grew to an all-time high of Q25 in 1939 - though it was depleted again by the war. Pharma- cists, sad to say, did not get deferments-even though some of their work was classified as neces- sary to the war effort. The school was one of the few University divisions to be created by an act of legislature, and at its head was . . . Dean C. H. Rogers Dean Rogers became top man in the School of Pharmacy upon the retirement of Dr. F. J. Wulling in 1936. The new dean had previously established the pharmacy school at West Virginia university, and he had been head of the pharmaceutical chem- istry department here instituting the University's first graduate work in 1926. Under Dean Rogers supervision, the curriculum was revised, 10 additional faculty members were brought in, and new research laboratories were added. "We are facing the same problems as other col- leges of the University," said Dean Rogers. "The total enrollment of the School of Pharmacy has de- creased steadily since the beginning of the war, but, on the other hand, there has been a 501, increase in the number of women students." Dean Rogers was vitally interested in every stu- dent in his school. He instigated a freshman orien- tation course, which he taught, that was designed to acquaint newcomers with the requirements and opportunities of pharmacy students at the Univer- sity. The dean tried to become acquainted with all members of the upperclassesg and he encouraged all possible personal contact between students and their professors. Outside of his academic duties, Dean Rogers was this year president of the State Pharmaceutical as- sociation, and in the American Association of Col- leges of Pharmacy he was past president and present chairman of the executive committee. Another faculty golfer, Dean Rogers also counted among his hobbies enough diversions to keep him busy eight hours a day-duck-hunting, glass col- lecting, and his lively granddaughter took up much of his "relaXin, time." War Work The School of Pharmacy was not vegetating in its corner of the campus this yearg like other divisions of the University, this school was working for the war effort and planning for after the war. One of the changes made was the innovation of a new course for seniors on "Proprietaries and phar- maceutical specialtiesu which was designed to ac- quaint students with the latest commercial produc- tions in medicinal drugs. Another way to show the students the latest in medical developments, as re- lated to pharmacists, were the many movies shown this year. Actual causes and effects were portrayed in many cases so that pharmacists would know when to refer customers to doctors instead of allowing self- treatment. The pharmacists had a green house to themselves, beside Wulling Hall, and in the fall, the biggest crop was reaped. The crop in question was an herb crop which Dr. Earl B. Fischer, professor of phar- macognosy, brought in. It consisted of leaves and roots of the digitalis and belladona which were grown by the college in order that juniors in the school could use them in the various preparation of medicinal drugs of importance to both physicians and pharmacists. Before the war, the world supply of belladona came from Bulgaria and Rumaniag during the war years, however, American pharma- cists had to cultivate their own plants and have them dried and ground-as the University pharmacists were doing on a small scale for their own use. This year a post-graduate fellowship was estab- lished in the School of Pharmacy for the purpose of further research in fat-keeping compounds. The fel- lowship was begun after the school developed a very successful new fat preservative, NDGA. The whole project began about seven years ago when the bureau of industry of the United States department of agriculture established an Indian medicinal plant study to give certain plants a thor- ough scientific investigation. Chief administrator of the five-year plan which was set up was Dr. Ray- mond N. Bieter. One of the plants, known as the creosote bush, was used by the Indians for many ailments, and tests of the plant extract showed it to have marked antiseptic values. Dr. Lauer, professor of organic chemistry was interested in antioxidants and sug- gested its use in other important pharmaceutical products. The keeping time of ordinary kettle-ren- dered lard was increased 10 to 15 times by the ad- dition of 1f100 of 142, In View of the fat-saving efforts during the war years, N DGA came in very handy in the war effort -although staff members of the School of Phar- macy kept on working to improve it. 'xv Q ll Kappa Psi With thirty per cent of their alumni in the armed forces and the size of their chapter greatly depleted by the war, the Kappa Psis nevertheless continued to hold professional meetings and luncheons every two weeks during the year. They discussed practical pharmacy at these meetings. Dr. Charles O. Wilson is adviser for the chapter and also chief consultant chemist for the Minnesota State Board of Pharmacy. The Kappa Psis, who ranked highest in scholar- ship in their division, were led this year by Alfred J. Breneman as their president. Senior members of Kappa Psi this year were Louis Balster, Leonard George Gageness, Frank Joseph Gresczyk, Louis Gulbrandson, Hugo Elmer Kero, Bernard Pribyl and Leland R. Tangen. Juniors were Alfred J. Breneman, Gilbert W. Har- mening and Henry A. Mayer. Sophomore member was Eugene Felose. Graduate students were William S. Benice, Frank E. DiGangi, Arnold C. Neva and Edwin J. Olson. On the faculty were Rugnar Almin, Earl B. Fischer, Vincent Kenjoski, Charles E. Smyithe and Charles O. Wilson. Phi Delta Chi Besides the active chapter in the Phi Delta Chi house there was Spike Linner and Wally Holmstrom who were alums. Wally was in the navy, stationed at Minnesota as a pharmacists mate. Among some of the other "big" men around the fraternity this year were Floyd Alcott, Hank Prottengeier, Bill Scofield, and Johnny Sheridan who were the source of most of the fun in the house and who were noted for their hilarious laughter. "Stein" Severns and 53 Dave Harries were the photographers of the frater- nity, and almost all of the men were ardent poker players. The Phi Delta Chis had a number of stags at their house-the biggest one being on brother Ger- ber in preparation for his marriage. Their rare col- lection of choice discs often kept the phonograph playing all night, and enabled the men to have good dancing parties at the house, such as the one on New Yearfs eve. Other parties, off campus, were an early fall pic- nic at Excelsior and a gala Homecoming dance at the Andrews-the best of the year. Late in Winter quarter was the Tri-Phi party, this year really only Bi-Phi with Phi Chi, medical professional, as the other "Phi" was inactive. The dance Was at the Leamington Hotel. Senior members of Phi Delta Chi who graduated at the end of fall quarter were Richard Anderson, Robert Doerge, Richard Engelhardt, Stanley Ger- ber, Frank Moudry, Michael Muzetras, Rayner Rei- chert, and Frank W. Severns. Other seniors were Floyd Alcott, James Berscherid, Byron McClintock and Rolf Westby. In the junior class were Henry Prottengeier, Wil- bur Scofield, John J. Sheridan and William Trumm. And David Harries was the sophomore member of the fraternity. In addition, there were two graduate students, Reid Micklesen and Laverne Small, and eight mem- bers of the Pharmacy faculty Who were alums of Phi Delta Chi. They Were Dr. Gustav Bachman, Dr. Earl Fischer, Dr. Ole Gisvold, Dr. Charles Netz, Dean Charles Rogers, Dr. Taito Soine, Dean Emeri- tus Fredrick Wulling and Dr. F. K. Butters. Rho Chi The Rho Chi society began the year With its an- nual coffee hour, and later in the quarter they held an initiation ceremony. Included in the festivities were a dinner and a speech given by Raymond N. Bieter, professor of Pharmacology on "N ew Drugs and Malariaf' The constitution of the Rho Chi society was al- tered to permit the admission of a select number of honorary members who have tried to promote pro- fessional pharmacy. Officers of the society this year Were Micheal Muzetras, president, Louis Gulbrandson, vice presi- dent, and Gertrude Horn, secretary-treasurer. Senior members of Rho Chi this year were Rob- ert F. Doerge, Louis Gulbrandson, Micheal Muze- tras and Bernard A. Pribyl. Juniors in the chapter Were Alfred J. Breneman, Hermina Gaul and Doris M. Shelley. Graduate students were William S. Benica, Don- ald W. Buelow, Edward H. Carlson, Frank E. Di- gangi, Gertrude Horn, Reid Micklesen and Arnold Neva. Q College of Science, Literature and the Arts Ever-popular SLA, the college that appealed to those students who were indeterminate, undecided, or just plain confused by the whole thing. The Col- lege of Science, Literature, and the Arts Was rela- tively well off in a year when the enrollment of one man per class was considered a high average. The Arts college suffered one of the smallest en- rollment decreases of the University in the fall. What drop-off there Was occurred mainly in senior college, and the freshman class was almost as large as the previous year-counting those who entered 54 during the summer quarters. There was not a great drop in the number of classes. Many of the men in the Class of ,47 were those who expected to get called into service and wanted to finish as much of their schooling as possible be- fore leaving. At the other extreme, there were men who had already been off to War, and who had been discharged and returned to take up Where they left off. These men formed the campus Veterans' club which became an active and enthusiastic organiza- tion. Dean T. R. McConnell A major change in University administrative per- sonnel was made in February when the Board of Regents accepted the resignation of John T. Tate, dean of the Arts college, and appointed T. Raymond McConnell as full time dean. Dean McConnell, who came to the University in 1936 as associate professor of education, received his doctoris degree from the University of Iowa. He was at Cornell from 1925 until he came to Minnesota, and after a year here, he became professor of edu- cational research and chairman of the University committee on education research. In 1940, he was made associate dean of the Arts college. This year he was chairman of the committee studying general education in the postwar period for the American Council on Education, and he was a member of a small nation-wide committee which recently made a survey of the colleges maintained by the city of New York. His work on this latter committee took him away from Minnesota several times during the year and added his name to those of the Universityfs "travelin' deans." Former Dean Tate said of his successor, in a let- ter, "To meet those problems Cof postwar readjust- mentj wisely, the college should have at its head, now, not an acting dean whose tenure in that office is contingent upon my return, but a dean who can study and plan for the future of the college with assurance of continuity of policy and controlf' Dean McCoImell worked especially hard this year on the reorganization of his college--he aimed for a thorough understanding of the problems of the war and postwar period. Adjustments were made in math, physics, and other science courses-both for civilian and for military students. Also for the first time, Russian and cartography were offered, and military students were allowed to take Arts college courses for credit. "Along with the rest of the facultyf, said the dean, "I am looking forward to the time when I can get back to a few things like photography and fish- ing, but those things are strictly out for the dura- tion." Dean J. M. Thomas Joseph M. Thomas, assistant dean of the College of Science, Literature and the Arts, had a tougher job than most men this year-even though every faculty man on the campus had special problems to deal with. The dean's office supervised the advising and in- forming of students as to their status in credits and -oh, sad day!-honor points. "We don't usually have troublef' said Dean Thomas, "except with those students who can't seem to understand that they arenit allowed to enter senior college unless they have one honor point for every credit-when we get that explained to them, they usually want to know why it is they can't take just one or two courses in senior college- sometimes it's hard for us up here to follow their logic." As Dean Thomas was also an English professor, he ran into other cases of faulty logic in many a hastily- written theme. But he could forget student stupidity during his fall hunting trips, and he was also one of the many faculty members who doted on a par golf score. His favorite non-academic activity, however, was cooking. He collected recipes of all types, al- though he claimed that there were several "man,s dishesv which no woman could possibly prepare cor- rectly. Dean W. H. Bussey Dean William H. Bussey was different from most deans in that he didn't like to play golf. Frankly, he preferred bridge Qjust ordinary bridge-none of this cut-throat stuff for himlj. More than anything else, the dean preferred to be out-of-doors. He went in for picnics in a big Way, especially if there was beefsteak to be cooked over an open fire. Says the dean, "I like to get out and really do something on a picnicf' Dean Bussey liked his flower garden, but he claimed that he just fooled around and didn't have time for a Victory garden. Nevertheless, rumor had it that he raised twenty-four tomato plants last summer. With most of the mathematics faculty instructing military classes, Dean Bussey took it upon himself to teach the remaining civilians. Proving that he had a true love for teaching, he taught junior col- lege classes instead of the more advanced ones. He was able to undertake the extra job of regular classes because of the decreased enrollment in the Science, Literature, and Arts department. It was Dean Bussey's job to see to it that junior college arts students made out their curricular pro- grams. He maintained that there were a few bril- liant students who were able to figure out their programs from the combined class schedule, but most of them had to go to his office for help. Dean Bussey was seen occasionally in the V- but said that he preferred the Campus Club as a general rule. 55 Delta Phi Delta There weren't many University students who saw the inside of the spare attic room in Jones Hall which was the sanctuary of the Delta Phi Deltas this year. It was used as a meeting place during lunch hour and as a lounging room any time. But when it came to initiations, the gals went all out for atmosphere. They trooped to Stillwater and stayed in a barn which boasted a real live "ghost" Naturally, no one ever saw the ghost, but they heard tales . . . The greatest honor awarded to Delta Phi Deltas this year was to be chosen to go to the Stillwater art colony during the summer. There they made their own meals, instructed in children's classes, and just plain "painted Stillwaterf' Senior members of Delta Phi Delta this year were Lois Burt, Patricia Dillon, Carol Gibson, Ardietta Johnson, Elizabeth Marcus, Betty McEnary, Bar- bara McQuary and Jean Youngdale. In the junior class were Joyce Helgeson, Bettye Johnson, Miriam Johnson and Lucille Severtson. Graduate student was Joyce Fritter. Faculty advi- sor was Josephine Lutz. Gamma Delta Every other Friday found the members of the Lutheran society holding their meetings in the YMCA, this year under the leadership of president Paul Hauser who had to work under the handicap of being in service. Maybe it was the girls-maybe all the parties, but something kept the spark of fun alive in Gam- ma Delta. Their Sunday night smorgasbords had the home-like atmosphere of a Thanksgiving at grandmothers. The food was free and there was lots of it. And a last bit of harmony around the piano made all the members want to return. During the crisp fall days, Gamma Delta never missed a chance to spend an afternoon and an eve- ning at Minnehaha park eating hot dogs and drink- ing root beer. The football game, an annual part of the outing, included girls as well as men this year- and the fellows had to admit afterwards that the coeds were not at all bad. Being thrown off a sleigh was just part of the fun when the Gamma Deltas got off to a flying start for their annual winter outing. And all through the year roller skating parties were well attended. Gamma Delta seniors were really recognized be- fore they graduated by a lovely service with candles which was a GD tradition. That and the Christmas 56 party received greetings from all parts of the world this year from servicemen who were former mem- bers of the society. ' The one and only German band on campus was organized by the Gamma Deltas at last year's Christmas party. And another project of the group was their official publication, "The Deltanf' which was under the editorship of Betty Stoskopf and which contained an unofficial, but usually accurate, gossip column. Members of the group who were in the senior class this year were Virginia Aarnodt, Leonard Christensen, Norbert Dierson, Alma Kretzschmar, Frederic Lussky, Marilyn McIn- tosh, Vivian Overn, and Renata Rolf. Laura Mae Berdan, Mary Alice Dietrich, Fern Ehlers, Lor- raine King, Lois Krabbenhoft, Doris Oberschulte, Frederick Oberschulte, Ann Saggau, Dorothy Schaar, Lou Esther Sell- ner, Doris Strieter, Doris Vetter, and Margaret Wildlmg were the junior members. In the sophomore class were Audrey Becker, Isabelle Boie, Robert Claassen, Elsie Eggers, Ruth Ellen Fritz, Beverly Gammon, Jeanne Gatz, Elaine Gierke, Paul Hauser, Bette Krueger, Kermit Moskop, Betty Lou Peterson, Verneil Priebe, Bawn Schmidt, Lois Schwarz, Betty Stoskopf, Hildegard Streufert, Elmer Thiesse, and Calvin Wick. And freshmen in Gamma Delta were Gertrude Breckman, Donald Doll, Edgar Gamm, Bernice Jauert, Magdalyn Kae- pernick, Elta Kern, Adeline Langhough, Eugene Nieland, Olive! Odegard, Margaret Reeves, Robert Selle, John Sellner, Paul Schulz, and Margaret Virum. Kappa Kappa Lambda The girls of the Lutheran sorority didn't let the war stop them. They went all out for parties-at least two a quarter-but still they helped the war effort by bandage rolling and blood donating, and even in the armed forces as KKL Jean Engquist joined the WAVES. Fall quarter fun began with a theater party given for the new pledges. Everyone had dinner at Bry- ant's and then went "en massei' to hear Marian An- derson with the symphony. That party was the main event of the fall, taking the place of their usual formal dance. Later that quarter the group celebrated its twenty-second birthday with a big Founders' Day banquet at 510 Groveland, and just before Christ- mas they gave a party for underprivileged Lutheran children, treated them with presents, games, and a Christmas lunch. Something dihierent in entertainment was held when all the girls came dressed in short skirts and hair ribbons to a "Kid Partyf, They held a style show of the juvenile models and Helen Johnson won the prize. Cokes and animal crackers were served. A house party at Lake Minnetonka and the an- nual Mothers, Day banquet in May were the main events of the spring. Besides all these group functions, KKLS were busy around campus. The sorority received second prize for selling the most Homecoming ribbons in one day. Katy Markhus was elected president of AWS and was the head of the Lutheran Students' association, and Harriet Juntilla was a member of the Union Board. Senior KKLS this year were Clarelia Elmquist, Elizabeth Johnson, Harriet Juntilla, Anita Kegel, Janet Lindholm, lVIelba Newman, Vivian Overn, Eileen Salminen, and Anita Sisson. In the junior class were Grace Anderson, Betty Christiansen, Janet Dressler, Lorene Ellefson, Helen Gomsrud, Helen Johnson, Virginia Mogg, Katy Markhus, Norma Nelson, Margaret Olson, and Lor- raine Sunnarborg. Jean Dahl, Mary Lou Hessel, Eunice Ingman, Audrey Johnson, Mary Ann Long, Doris Nylander, Audrey Olsen, Ann Rank, Dorothy Tandberg, and Ann Young were the sophomores. And freshmen members of Kappa Kappa Lambda were Donna Dalquist, Alice Hanson, Lois Lundberg, Elizabeth Mindrum, Marjorie Mindrum, Juliet Star- heim, and Adele Stone. Kappa Phi The Kappa Phis combined religious meetings with good wholesome fun in their activities. In- cluded in their Wide variety of programs were a Yulelog party, a Valentine party, entertainment for servicemen, and a settlement house party for girls from Phyllis Wheatley house. At a scavenger hunt, however, the girls really showed their ingenuity. Placed conspicuously on the list of articles to retrieve was "one servicemanf' No one lost a point on that question! Senior members of the Methodist sorority this year were Peggy Berg, Polly Ann Holman and Jean Marie Vincent. Juniors were Marian F. Austin, Lil- lian Ruth Ball, Norma M. Best, Mary Lou Boice, June S. Fawell, Louise Betty Fried, Judith Hall, Beatrice Johnson, Muriel Peterson, Edith Mary Sanderson and Carol Sandstrom. Sophomore members were Karen Anderson, Carol Bremmer, Anne Brown, Margaret Bushnell, Lois Jean Findsen, Loleta Fritsen, Lois Gustafson, Mary Lee Jameson, Barbara Jordan, Margaret Marcell, Zoe Radford, Nancy A. Smith, Jean T uxworth and June Wohlleben. Freshmen members of Kappa Phi were Verle Bakke, Jean Deloney, Nadine Felton, Gloria Fess- ler, Louise Godwin, Betty Griffin, Polly Jordan, Marlys Lenz, Jean Ostberg, Janice Shade and Ruth Skorseth. Sigma Alpha Iota The members of the national music fraternity were more than busy this year for war stimulated rather than interfered with music. The girls gave a musical at least once a month, in private homes, academic sororities, or buildings on the campus. Each member participated in one or more of these musicales, and one each quarter was given in the Music auditorium, open to the public. Members of the senior class were Margaret Adams, Exine Anderson, Lenore Archibald, Janice Christensen, Winnifred Erickson, Mary Jo Gul- brandsen, Ethel Hill, Joanadelle Johnson, Joyce J . Johnson, Lois Kilstofte and Ellen Powell. Those who were juniors were N atalya Charlson, Lorraine King, Ruth E. Swanson, Marjorie Wether- bee and Bessie Whitney. In the sophomore class were Marlis East, Frances Fetter, Patricia Garrigus, Shirley Lee and Merle Stone. Rosemarie Henley, Marilyn Moe, Virginia Mont- gomery and Lucille Tonnemaker were the freshmen members of Sigma Alpha Iota. ,W I Q JD 1 o E M. rl A F:-gvaqif - X 54 A-Sv' ' ' twig i V Theta Sigma Phi As publications were chiefly run by coeds this year, they were in reality run by the members of the honorary and professional journalism sorority. In Theta Sig were all the editors -Marge T wedt Ben- son of the Daily, Phyl Kremer of the Gopher, and co-editors Larry Cooney and Mary Jean Schafer of Ski-U-Mah. The girls were active in many other organizations besides. Theta Sig president Mary Cole was on the senior cabinet, and both Twedt Benson and Coley were members of Mortar Board. Vice-president Ruby Juster was managing editor of the Daily, worked on WCCO morning newscasts, and was SWECC publicity director. Spring quarter Daily Editor, Gerry Sohle, and Erra Cornwell were both presidents of their academic sororities. And Sally Sjoselius was AWS president. But all the girls had lots of fun and plenty to keep them busy in Theta Sigma Phi. After a morn- 57 ing pledging fall quarter, the whole group had a luncheon at Ann Ungeris tea room. When they found they weren't going to finish eating in time for a sixth hour class which all of them had to go to, they called up a professor to tell him they couldnit come. But he changed their minds, and all had to hurry back without eating their desserts. Later that quarter, the group sponsored the All- Journalism Dog Watch-formerly given in con- junction with Sigma Delta Chi, Journalism frater- nity inactive this year. Putting on the program, the girls did a take-OH on Journalism instructors -only to be surprised by an impromptu satire by the profs on how students act in class. Initiation winter quarter was followed by a din- ner at the Curtis, where Dick Long played "They're Either Too Young or Too Oldi' in honor of the Theta Sigs who were there stag. Most of the members of Theta Sigma Phi were seniors. They were Margot Auerbacher, Marjorie Twedt Benson, Mary Cole, Lorraine Cooney, Erra Cornwell, Gloria Dapper, Helen Dytert, Ruby Jus- ter, Phyllis Kremer, Ravina Lerner, Vivian Max- field, Betty Ann McGinn, Kathleen Orr, June Palle- son, Mary Jeanne Schafer, Marjorie Searing Cald- well, Sally Sjoselius and Marjorie Tomasek. And in the junior class were Jeanne Mack, Ger- aldine Makiesky and Geraldine Sohle. Zeta Phi Eta The project for the year was to select poetry along one certain theme and read it before groups like the Womenis Club and the Faculty Wives' Club. At those affairs, all the members of Zeta Phi Eta appeared in long black formal skirts and white blouses. In charge of planning these programs was Ruth E. Swanson who was helped by Lucy May Berglund. As there weren't many men left in speech work this year, the girls really ran everything. Ruth Swanson and Kay Dale were WLB's first women an- nouncers. And Marion English, Ramona Wyman, Corrine Holt, Gloria Cherne, and Jean Monick- as well as Ruth and Kay-took leads in Theater productions. The senior members of the sorority were Ra- mona Wyman, Mae Jaax Rechtenwald, Jean lVIon- ick, Norma Jean Hall, Tose Foote, Marion English, Gloria Cherne, Martha Burlingame and Marcyl Berglund. The other members of Zeta Phi Eta were Kay Dale, Lucille Graner and Corrine Holt-juniorsg Roberta Fredette-sophomore, and Ruth E. Swan- son - graduate. 58 University College The most unique college at Minnesota was Uni- versity college where a student did not need a ma- jor sequence, but could dabble in any department. In order to enter, however, the student had to have an above-average ratio of honor points. U college gave students an opportunity to get most of the subjects they wanted without the usual restrictions of college sequences, and more people each year took advantage of the chance. But there was more cancelling and adding done, too, because on entering U college, each person had to make out a complete program for the rest of his college career. Dr. J. W. Buchta University college was under the guidance of a committee the oflice of which was located in the Physics building. Chairman of the committee was Dr. J. W. Buchta who took over when the com- mittee was organized in 1942. Dr. Buchta started from scratch as a graduate student at Minnesota in 1921 and worked his Way up through all the titles and all the positions to the job of chairman of the physics department. This year, he had the added troubles that hit all depart- ment heads when the military came to campus. Physics was one of the most important parts of the curriculum chosen by the army for ASTP engineersg and Dr. Buchta integrated military classes into the regular civilian schedule. He also taught classes along with his regular University college duties. Tricky classroom experiments were a specialty with Dr. Buchta, and he used them to illustrate in- teresting and difficult points. Besides being head of the college and teacher, he was also editor of the Physical Review and an interested member and lec- turer of Sigma Xi. This year, Chairman Buchta took trips all over the Northwest to inspect ASTP training programs at other collegesg and his interest in physics took him to meetings of the American Physical Society and the Electronmiscrope Society of America- these meetings were held every three months in dif- ferent parts of the country. And so relaxation during the school year for Dr. Buchta was almost an impossibility, but "Think of the people I met this year,', said he. "I never knew when I first called on a student what kind of an accent would answer." f 1 I r Men s Honorarles fear was a difficult one for the men's more so for them than for many other on campus. The juniors especially felt .en, for they found it harder to get de- inish school than did the seniors. lnior honoraries were Phoenix and Sil- Jenix had a roster of 16 members, but lams, who was a sports writer for The me of the first to go into the army. Two were in the NROTC and were also they were Ed Babcock, who was presi- nion Board, and Ed Robb, star breast- e Minnesota swimming team. student was Mellor Holland, and in we Robert Hodapp and Chuck Linde- Grey Fnars Grey Friars was in no different position than the rest of the honoraries. A new group of fellows came in during winter quarter of 1943 -and of that group there were just four on campus at the end of winter quarter this year. Because membership dropped so rapidly and un- expectedly, any organizational functions were pretty much out of the question. A few individual accom- plishments stood out, however. For instance, Jim Teale was Big Ten golf co-champion, Jerry Branton played regular right Held for the Gopher nine, Art Engstrom led the junior class, and Bob Somers was YMCA president. On publications, Grey Friars held all the top posi- tions last year. There were Editor Bill Caldwell and Managing Editor Phil Dorfman standing men were of The Daily and Editor Ed Bra- go who played foot- 4 man, Associate Editor Don Asper, '12 Dick Hammell, 'lap and Business lVIanager Bob Sulli- ne All-U Council and van of the Gopher. Acacia. Two of the men, Stan Block and the rest of this yearis Jack Cooney, got an advance start nbership were Jerry mf ' - M on military life while they were at DeLampert, Donald 'E the University, being cadet offi- lond Grismer, Robert ' mmf' cers with the ROTC. il Olson, David Ruliifson, and Wesley : a few of last year's members still on part of this year. SAE Jack Slatky, '-12, left in the middle of the year, and 1 of the NROTC graduated with his 1 November. Bill Hickey was with the 7 class which came back at the begin- ear. However, he was called to OCS at meg and Gale Freeman, Beta, trained y at Harvard. r was not quite so lucky as Phoenix, only three of their members were on year. lahl was a busy engineer, never quite g he was going to stay in school, but ging away at his job as business mana- olog, and didn't leave for the army un- iduated in June. he Ag campus was Bob Beebe, a top Peavy Staff member, and the third man Fischer, a chemical engineer and presi- YMCA. the junior honoraries was able to carry usual activities because of the difficulty an together. Eventually though all of them became servicemen, and most of them were oflicers. Emil Behrens gradu- ated with a commission in the ROTC and went into active service. In the ROTC group that returned to campus this year were Porter Wiggins, Bill Hickey, Ray Lindquist, and Bob Wood. Not all the Grey Friars were army men, how- ever. Lucky Somers, Kenny Swanson, Bob Lins- mayer, Art Engstrom, and Jim Teale were in the navy, Bob being commandant of his NROTC unit the quarter before his graduation. Representing another branch of service, the ma- rines, were Lyle Hanse and Don Asper, Still on campus were Glenn Larson and Verne Peck, undergraduate engineers, and Bob Larsen who was a graduate student on a fellowship. Iron Wedge The other senior honorary was in a little better position, but still it felt a man shortage. By the end of the year most of the Iron Wedge members gradu- ated or entered the service. First on the 19444 roster was Clyde Anderson, a Law student, who worked in the athletic ticket oiiice. Paul Brickley and Henry Einan were medic and dent seniors. 59 Probably most widely known Iron Wedge man was Bill Garnaas, star of the football squad and captain for some games. But he enlisted in the V-12 program of the navy and was called after the Northwestern game and sent to Wellesley College. Cornelius Judd, who naturally found himself dubbed with the nickname "Corney,,' was a senior in pharmacy. Marv Korengold was in an army uniform, al- though he was still on campus, for he was a den- tistry student, and in activities he was known as "The Vice Presidenti'-he held that position in both the Council and the Foundation. In addition, he was one of the leaders of the Progressive party and a member of Sigma Alpha Mu. - Two of the top men in engineering were Miles B. Olson and Edward L. Proszek. Miles was in V-12, chairman of Engineers, Day, on the Tech Com.mis- sion, and president of Theta Tau. He graduated at the end of winter quarter and headed east for active service with the navy. Ed was president of the Tech Commission and a member of many honoraries. His home on campus was the Technolog ofice until his graduation in June. Another engineer member of Iron Wedge was Donald Swanson. The remaining men in the group this year were Richard Harrington, Raymond Mannigel, and Ray- mond J. Sanderson. Mortar Board And for the women, Mortar Board is the senior honorary organization, a symbol of college women in general, representing home economics, theater, phi- losophy, journalism, radio, business, medicine and what not. It is a national organization with mem- bership based on scholarship and activities records. Ruth Cole, the president, was the philosopher of the group, always popping up with some new idea. As far as activities are concerned, Ruth can't be mentioned in connection with any one, but rather with all of them-this year mainly AWS and senior cabinet. Liz Bird and Laura Bell McKusick were the All- U-Council big-wigs, but they were also active in other campus groups. From the University farm came Jeanne Vollbrecht and Phyllis Sam, both of the Ag student council. Red-haired and vivacious Betty Heneman, vice-president of Mortar Board, spent all her time as a nurse in the hospital. Marjorie Twedt Benson, editor-in-chief of The Daily, and Mary Cole, copy editor, found that pub- lications were a full time job, although Marge was a member of the Union Board and Mary, president of 60 Theta Sigma Phi. Peppy Kay Hornung was presi- dent of Panhel this year and was active in YWCA work. The speech department's contributions to Mortar Board were Marion English and Ruth Swanson. Marion played Peter Pan in the theater this year and was president of the National Collegiate Play- ers. Ruth was one of the first women announcers on WLB and after her graduation in December, she be- gan teaching speech. SWECC president Louise Harris and Margaret Heilman of AWS completed the group to make a total membership of thirteen. But the number was not unlucky, for more than half of the girls were either engaged or married by the end of their senior year. Maybe this was just keeping up to the record of previous years, or maybe Leap Year had some- thing to do with it. Anyway, it disproved the old theory that brains and beauty don't go together. This year Mortar Board worked to set up a stu- dent-faculty mediation board as a channel through which students might air any grievance concerning course material or manner of presentation in class. According to their plan, other problems could also be referred to the proposed board, but they would have to arise from a class as a whole. In the spring the girls selected another group of juniors to follow in their steps the next year. The new members were serenaded by the old group the night before Cap and Gown day and were an- nounced and ucappedv at the luncheon the next day. ' I I I Sigma Epsilon Sigma Sigma Epsilon Sigma, sophomore women's hon- orary, initiated nineteen girls at the AWS Smarty Party during spring quarter. These sophomore Smarties made Postwar Week their special project, and the group as a whole took over the discussions and the problem of getting speakers. V With Lenore Strouse at the head of the project, the gals proceeded to let everyone know what the University was doing in the way of postwar work. Members of Sigma Epsilon Sigma this year were Catherine Billings, Anne Bosanko, June Brown, Mary Buck, Mena Clefton, Billie Cohen, Eleanor Colle, Jean Dahl, Dorothy Deutsch, Beth Doerings- feld, Phyllis Ecton, Frances Fetter, Verna Havheg- ger, Jean Helberg, Audrey Johnson, Jeanne Legler, Ruth Little, Lenore Strause, and Judy Weiss. Cap and Go n Da IQ43 Below: Mob scene at the I943 Senior Prom. The party was held February 26 at the Lafayette Club and was thrown open to all students. In order to give accelerated seniors a chance to attend, the date ot the Prom was moved up from spring quarter. Right: A ceremony almost as old as the University. 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' fx,-. .,,, 'ff ' " ' 'Upfvi' ' 5' 'TMJTIF' '1 ' V 5,-e-.--.-If p'5:-'w4'.ff1wf-' ' 'W'-V ,V . .., 1 F.,,,.L,, . , I ,M-4" f-:37.,r1. , ' ""4"'-f " "FT rg ' 5 " 'N ,gf-, "4- . , ,.-- M. , .,--.. - '-':1"T-1, 'L ' '4 ,L---1 LEW?-l ibn 5 , , ,-.L..A gfw gkx :Q-9 VN, ,, l X, a le, -iiliff- W"'5 T? 912f?-.X 'T fiif1'fQ""l'ilff7 f " n?iL3iRx, ' . fig- f1'5:'fiEf1 Hg?-1 -"' ffiifiiks Q Q I G FOO Mi U ' LLS f-1'-,fQ,f 355 ' ' ' ". .51 - ,f A 1:33 ' ,f-Sf, -:,.-cv, V ..fff9"1s1 1 ...fl x,::f F. f V, JF ji x , 'f,aL..,.-, -V 2 'lil--gif H. fniffp., 1x.. ,-Q11 -, il "H-:MV f' I -F il. "Q"-.f-77fff'-ih - " 'L 'zf-4' Stn' A "Ai-f,-'f'r..,.. il'i.- , X'2?Q,,ff'- fifff -. V---- QFRLNL- L- -R-f V - V, v-:ga 1-Wu -.,, vvF'1frf-X-A '3QI'lTLl' giffgg:-.ify 5 11,21 ,b .. N ' 1 X way- fiiigfs 11 4 1 6 V arg:--:Li if : A if ,f 'ii' E ". fi liffss' . . : ' fi 4- . 1 7. M, 4, , ' ' . Liga.. , 'wx -H.:-,,4ff'K , ,Ei X fr ' ll' f '1 Board of Regents y, Gainey, Griggs, Middlebroolr. Lobb. Seated: Quinlivan, Wood, Rogstad, Colifey, Snyder, Pfaender, Bell, Olson, Novak. P d t fth B rd of Regents, Fred f th U versity, Walter C. Co B. Snyder and President Fley. James F. Bell . Daniel C. Gainey Richard I.. Griggs George NYJ. Lawson Albert J. Lolob . E. E. Novalc . A. J. Clson . . Alpert Ptaender . Ray J. Quirilivan . F. J. Rogstad . Fred B. Snyder . Sheldon V. Wood Minneapolis . . Cwatonna . Duluth . St.Paul . Rochester New Prague . Renville . New Ulm . St.Cloud Detroit Lakes Minneapolis Minneapolis ll University Council L , W , - 57? ' -. f i we X Q M 0 Upper left: Elizabeth Bird, President of the All U Council. Back row: Hammel, Bill Edwards, Kernlxamp, Harvey, Olson Second row: Burns, Goodman, Hegvold, Carlson, McKusiclr, Rogers, Williams, Rumble. Seated: Butts, Pfc. Driscoll, Bird, Korengold O Ag Student Coun rl Right: Marie Sterner, President of the Ag Student Council. Back row: Gronholtz, Clauson, Grant, Olson, Schroeder, Englehart. Seated: Burrill, Dean Schmitz, Sterner, Caldwell. ruin? -V wfv,,f,,.:.- .-., X X,,.b,m,. 'inf' " nge., :s.:.,.fw.,-- fe, -'ax J. ,f :.1,,s,q-.-- 1 , . : 21:25 ,s.,,e,4s,,. , ,, . --ffym , rflmzka, f A30 ?E?i' 7' J ZH ,.,,,:,,x, ti-1-'Q Mzwivzf-.-,v,-7 ,,:f-,eg -24, "',S":f::e:1iv-., -fsii ,, ,. Ha. , . , s 5 4 I, X 4 , sf 2 Ks X A r x X s 1 1 , f V ' , 7 AML u1l'2?vl9? ' 2 .fwfmv osqgi -gr W ..v- f mp, , .am V- f, 4 Administrators From Personnel Right: Dean E. G. Williamson of the Office ot Student AFFairs- he's the man behind the men in charge. ln spite ot the 'Fact that the dean assumed no credit for his reorganization of the office, his work was known and appreciated by both the students and the people who worked with him. . . . to Finances Upper left: Charles Rock, director ot the Activities Bureau: and, lower left George Risty, ot Loans and Scholarships-these were the men students came in contact with most often. Below: Gordon Abraham, financial adviser to organizations and Barbara Clark, assistant director of the Activities Bureau 66 The People in Charge . .. Right: Dean A of women and nne Dudley Blitz, dean assistant to the Presi- dent. Left: True E. Pettingill, recorder and acting director of Admissions and Records. Lower left: E. B. Pierce, alumni secretary. Lower right: Julius M. Nolte, director of the Extension division. Right: Thomas A. Teeter, director of sum- mer session. Extreme above: A slight portion of the grand march at the Senior Prom with Bob Carlson and .loan Gregg leading. Above: Laura Mae Peterson, vice president, and Dan O'Connell, treasurer. Right: the Senior Prom committee -Hubert Solberg, Helen Rachie, Roger Williams, and Dan Greenwald in back, and Phyllis Kremer and Carol Gibson in front. 68 Senio -S -5 v , - 1 " 1 kv- , -HN: gg ' r '.-'f y 0'-Q-:':'.1:l V-'E-4fe'f35fIti2?.ktiEif,4,.: '5 . pf:-1:-:5,:s+ss:mN?a1 - "lem: -"v-: -,Maas-:.:4-:arzaf -- Above: Bob Carlson, chairman of the Senior Class cabinet, and Donna Caldwell, secretary. lr l E. lf TL i l l i l i i 1 i 1 l vi. l lass of I944 Right: Campus politico and Politicus-Louise Harris of the Commonwealth party, Ruby Juster, political writer for the Daily, and Marv Korengolcl ot the Progressives talk things over just before election day. Below: Dean Willey speaking at the March graduation banquet with Warren Stanchfielcl and interested listener lwoncler if they had to bus their own dishes?l At winter Leaders' Camp, Helen Rachie smiles just before slipping on the oh-so-slippery ground at Camp lduhapi. Senior Class cabinet-around the table Nash, Mayer, Stanchfield, Shannon, Cald well, Cole, Carlson, Peterson, O'Connell Rogers, Williams, Rachie, Foote, Rossman, Striemer, Harris, Sjoselius. Standing: Sol berg, Vollbrecht, Gorman. 69 M e-- I X55 lik Hai 'Wa Qgakqq . hi Equal mm. 1 ,man A kwkmukm 3155, as Wu . ,,.4,,,1., ff , , , z, , 'ff ' M A' 5 V ' ' V College of Agriculture Dean Schmitz The Foresters went to war-- and the dean had to cope with Home Ecs Henry Schmitz, clean ot the College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Home Economics. Dean Schmitz presents Jeanne Vollbrecht with the Little Red Oil Dr. Colter of the agriculture department demonstrates one of his experiments Can at the Ag Christmas Assembly. ' with powdered milk. 7 l AGRICULTURE RUTH AASLAND, B.S., Minneapolis. Omicron Nu: Y.W.C.A.: Red Cross: Minnecon . . . CHARLENE AICHELE, B.S.. St. Paul . . . WILLIAM R. ALDWORTH, B.S., Garden City. Al- pha Tau Omega: Y.M.C.A.: M Club: Honor Case Commission: Football I-4: Wrestling I-4, captain. V MARION BEHRENDT, B.S., Minneapolis. Gamma Omicron Beta: A.W.S.: Y.W.C.A.: I-I. E. Assn.: Tam O'Shanter council: Gap and Gown Council . . . DOLORES D. BERDAN, B.S., Tracy. Tracy Junior College. Omicron Nu 3-4: Punehinello 2-3: W.A.A.: College Choir . . . MARY LOU BERTELSON, B.S., Minneapolis. Carleton College. Delta Delta Delta. EDITH B. BETHKE, B.S., Franklin. Clovia . . . LORRAINE BLUMENFELD, B.S., St. Paul. Phi Upsilon Omicron: Y.W.C.A., Cabinet 2-3: I-I.E. Assn.: I-LE. Day Board 3: Ag Freshman Week Committee I-2 . . . SHIRLEY THOTLAND BOLDUC, B.S., Minneapolis. ELIZABETH ANNE BOULGER, B.S., Minneapolis. I-I.E.A. . . . LOIS ELIZABETH BRANDES, B.S., Jordan . . . MARJORIE D. BRANDT, B.S., Morris. Y.W.C.A.: I-I.E.A.: Gopher 4l-I: Pit- kins: Literary Club: Lutheran Students Assn. MARY JANE BREWER, B.S., Minneapolis. Alpha Gamma Del- ta . . . ROBERT C. BUCHHOLZ, B.S., Pickett, Wis. Oshkosh State Teachers College. University ot Wisconsin. Eorestry Club 2-4: Athletic Manager 3-4: Ag Union Board 4: Main Union Board Representative 4: Ag Athletic Council, vice pres., 3. president 4: Pioneer I-lall Athletic Council 3: Ag Intermediary Board 4: Varsity Basketball 4: Gopher Peavey. . .JANET BURLEY, B.S., Minneapolis. Pi Beta Phi: I-I.E.A.: Y.W.C.A.: Bib and Tucker, secretary: Pinatore, secretary: Tam O'Shanter: Union Board 3-4, vice president 4: Gopher Business Statt I-4: Senior Pictures Manager 4: Minnecon, Business Manager. MINA A. BYE, B.S., Osseo. H.E.A.: Pitkins: Y.W.C.A. . . . DONNA CALDWELL, B.S., St. Paul. Gamma Omicron Beta: I-l.E.A.: Y.W.C.A.: Ag Student Council 4: Ag A.W.S.: Senate Committee Student Atiairs 4 . . . MARY E. CARLSON, B.S., Willmar. Phi Upsilon Omicron, secretary 4: Omicron Nu 4: Sigma Epsilon Sigma, president 2: Comstock I-lall Government Assn., president 3: All U Council 3-4: War Chest Drive 4: Daily Business Ottice 3. ELEANOR CHRISTENSON, B.S., Paynesville. Augsburg I. Gamma Omicron Beta: Omicron Nu: Y.W.C.A.: l"l.E.A .... AILIE HURLEY COYNER, B.S., Cokato. Phi Upsilon Omicron 4: Omicron Nu 3-4: Pi Lambda Theta 4: Literary Club 2-4: Cosmopolitan club 3-4 . . . ELEANOR N. CUTLER, B.S., Mora. Clovia: Omicron Nu: I-I.E.A.: Minnecon. MARGARET CUTLER, B.S., Minneapolis . . .JOHN R. De RUYTER, B.S., Renville. Independent Men's Club: Y.M.C.A.: University Chorus: Intramural Basketball, Football . . . HELEN DeWAR, B.S., Minneapolis. Linnean Club: Y.W.C.A.: Union Board ot Governors 3-4: Chairman, Variety Dances, Waltz I-lour, Servicemens Parties: Ag S.W.E.C.C.: Ag Student Servicemen Committee. DIOROTHY DUEBENDORF, B.S., Minneapolis. Y.W.C.A.: I-1.E.A .... ELEANOR EICHERS, B.S., St. Paul. Pitkins . . . CAROL ENGEBRETSON, B.S., Watford City, N, D. 72 k , 32 4. -vez? 4 ff .isis fy , 295 isa- 1 -QMS C- Vu y h , Ai: , E I 5 . s 4 xg - M 5 t Q .. c- S . -. iqsl ' ' '7 M -5 - 1. :if i -"i ' '-IQ f as '225.355'. . 'mf -7 V-. . ' 'NF' 1. sQ" 1:': -is 2 X Q X : X by . . . ig 3' -1" ' Ysizux- Rivet: awx .4 X R 4 E2 Q ggi i it as Yi,.5EQEg1 ' ti me '3',:1k1 T .2 . 6 H AGRICULTURE ANNABELLE MARIE ERICKSON, B.S., Chisholm. Hibbing Junior College. Y.W.C.A.: H.E.A .... JEAN ESKEDAHL, B.S., Minneapolis. H.E.A.: Y.W.C.A .... EVELYN FRANCES ES- PESETH, B.S., Fosston. Delta Delta Delta: Omicron Nu: Uni- versity Varsity Band I-2: Concert Band 3. IDA L. FATTORE, B.S., Eveleth. Pitkins: H.E.A.: Catholic Con- traternity . . .ALICE MAE FAWCETT, B.S., Minneapolis. H.E.A.: Y.W.C.A,: Minn. Foundation: Hostess Committee . . . MARJORIE ANN FEIR, B.S., Bemidji. Carleton College. JOAN GORDON, B.S., Pine Island. Rochester Junior College. Omicron Nu 3-4: H.E.A .... M. PATRICIA GREER, B.S., St. Paul. Variety Dance Committee co-chairman: Snow Week Committee: Golf Committee Chairman: Junior Boardman . . . JEAN HATHAWAY, B.S., Chisholm. Hibbing Junior College. Y.W.C.A. ROLAND M. HENDRICKSON, B.S., Kimball. Phi Sigma Kap- pa: Alpha Sigma Pi, president 4: Y.M.C.A., secretary 4: Ag Club president 4: Punchinello: Ag Intermediary Board 4 . . . MARGARET HENRY, B.S., St. Paul. Macalester College. Al- pha Chi Omega: H.E.A.: Ag Y.W.C.A.: Ag A.W.S.: Charm Inc. Council 4: Freshman XY!eek l, publicity chairman: Sopho- more Council H.E.A.: Ag A.W.S., president: Daily columnist ...RUTH HENRY, B.S., St. Paul, Macalester. Alpha Chi Omega: Ski U Mah. LILA M. HINZE, B.S., Pine City. Gamma Omicron Beta: Phi Upsilon Omicron: Ag Literary Club I-2: Y.W.C.A, I-2: H.E.A. I-4: Ag Union Board: A.W.S. Board: Ag Student Service- mens Committee 3: Minnecon I: Punchinello . . .SHIRLEY HOVDE, B.S., Hanska. Gamma Omicron Beta: H.E.A. I-4: Y.W.C.A.: W.A.A.: Lutheran Students Association . . . BER- NIECE IVERSON, B.S., Mahnomen. Concordia. Literary Club: Senior Announcements Chairman: Comstock War Drive chair- man: Comstock Judiciary Board: University Singers. ELIZABETH JOHNSON, B.S ,... EDWARD ALBERT KAE- DER, B,S., St. Paul. Y.M.C.A.: Farmhouse . . . KAROLYNN KNAUF, B.S., Jamestown, N, D. Jamestown College. Phi Up- silon Omicron 4: H.E.A. 3-4, council 4: Y.W.C.A. 3: W.A.A.: Pitkins: Christian Science Organization 3-4: University Farm Chorus 3. men's dances this year 73 Uniforms and no floor space the story of many Ag service AGRICULTURE MARY KATHRYN KOHLBRY, B.S., Duluth. Lindenwood Col- lege. Kappa Kappa Gamma: H.E.A.: Y.W.C.A.: Varsity Show 4 . . . VIENA KOSKI, B.S., Cloquet. Duluth Junior College. I-I.E.A. VIRGINIA MAYERLE, B.S., Nashwaulc. Hibbing Junior Col- lege. W.A.A.: Y.W.C.A.: University Chorus: H.E.A.: Senior Announcements Committee . . . DORIS MCCRACKEN, B.S., Minneapolis. Gamma Omicron Beta, president 4: Phi Upsilon Omicron 3-4: H.E.A.: Ag Y.W.C.A.: Ag A.W.S. board . . . AGATHA NELSON, B.S., Breckenridge. Concordia College. Omicron Nu: H.E.A.: Y.W.C.A.: Lutheran Student Associa- tion: Comstock Coordinating Council 4: Band 3, 4. DOROTHY M. NELSON, B.S., Gaylord. Sigma Epsilon Sigma: Wesley Foundation: Y.W,C.A.: H.E.A .... LOIS NORDEEN, B.S., Minneapolis. North Park College. I-I.E.A .,.. RUTH ODEGARD, B.S., Princeton. Delta Delta Delta: Board ot Pub- lications, secretary 3: Charm Inc. Council 3: Sophomore Class Cabinet. ARTHUR L. OLSON, B.S., Moose Lalre. Alpha Gamma Rho: Y.M.C.A.: Jr. Dairy Science Club: Ag Student Council: Lu- theran Students Association . . . ELAINE E. OLSON, B.S., Sawyer. Gopher 4I-I Club . . . SHIRLEY PETERNELL, B.S., Tracy. ELLEN MIRIAM POWELL, B.S., Minneapolis. Chi Omega: Phi Upsilon Omicron: Sigma Alpha Iota: University Symphony . . . MARGARET E. REASONER, B.S., New Brighton. Gamma Omicron Beta: Y.W.C.A. I-4: Cabinet 4: H.E.A.: Ag Chris- tian Council 4 . . . ELIZABETH RICHTER, B.S., Cloquet. I-I.E.A. NATALIE SAARI, B.S., Soudan . . . EILEEN SALMINEN, B.S., Winton. Kappa Kappa Lambda . . . ELIZABETH THUR- STON SCHMIDT, M.A., Anolca. Alpha Chi Omega: Phi Ep- silon Omicron 3-4: Omicron Nu: Sigma Epsilon Sigma 2: More than Bored Council: Freshman Weelc Chairman: Ag Union Board I-2: Ag Student Council 3: Caleb Door Scholarship I-4. M. CLETA SCHOLTES, B.S., Lansing. Iowa. Omicron Nu: I-I.E.A. 4 . . . DOROTHY SCHROEDER, B.S., St. Paul. Gam- ma Omicron Beta, secretary 4: H.E.A.: Y.W.C.A.: A.W.S.: Ag Student Council: Freshman Week Committee 2-3: H.E.A.: Day Committee I-3: Campus Chest, treasurer 4: Minnecon . . . J. AILEEN SHANNON, B.S., St. Paul. Gamma Omicron Beta 2-4: Phi Upsilon Omicron 2-4: H.E.A., senior cabinet 4: Board ot Publications 3-4: S.W.E.C.C. 3-4: Military Coordi- nating Committee 4: A.W.S.: Ag Union Board, president 4: Gopher I. ESTELLE SILVERMAN, B.S., Minneapolis. Y.W.C.A.7 I-I.E.A.3 Hillel . . . RUSSELL J. STENBERG, B.S., Cass Lalce. Farm- house: Phi Lambda Upsilon . . . MARIE CECELIA STERNER, B.S., New Germany. Phi Upsilon Omicron: Pitlqins: Farm Choir I-3: Literary Club I-3: H.E.A.: W.A.A.: Pinalore Council: Tam O'Shanter Council: W.S.G.A.: Ag Student Council, vice president 3, president 4: Ag Union Board ot Governors 2: All U Senate Committee on Student Attairs 3: President's Cabi- net of All U Council: Junior Class Cabinet 3: Freshman Weelr 2-3: Homecoming Committee, Chairman ot Ag Campus: Min- necon. MARGARET STRIBLEY, B.S., St. Paul. Junior Boardman: Snow Weelr Committee: Golf Committee . . . ANNA M. SYREEN, B.S., Crosby . . . DOROTHY M. TIMBERG, B.S., Minneapolis. gtg Upsilon Omicron 4: Omicron Nu: H.E.A., cabinet: Y.W. 74 vwwmt. . ,..,, , , X ss.. , N "J .Ziff -. - NA h -I Q' ' -SQ' W ,fe . .5 N.. . . gs' 54.3.5 4.3. . , X .sms , M.. ....,,.. tc No X ,y n S s E 5 I .X N i X f Oi' KA . Q, j. Q 2 J f ff 31- ..... 5 Y , N R?S..,.A. ., X 'A N 1 fl ,mv ' f .1 , JUNE TROVATTEN, B.S., St. Paul. Gamma Omicron Beta: l-lome Economics Association: Y.W.C.A. HELEN C. TRUOG, B.A., Long Prairie. Phi Upsilon Omicron: Omicron Nu: Y.M.C.A. Council: Home Economics Association: Lutheran Student Association, president: Gopher: Agricultural Campus Social Co-ordinating Committee, chairman. HELEN UTNE, B.S., St. Paul. Gamma Omicron Beta: Omicron Nu, 4: Y.W.C.A.: l-l.E.A. JEANNE L. VOLLBRECHT, B.S., Roblninsdale. Gamma Omi- cron Beta: Phi Upsiion Omicron: Eta Sigma Upsilon: Y.W. C.A.: Punchinello Players I: l-l.E.A.: l-lonor Case Commission 3-4: Senior Cabinet: Ag Campus Freshman Weelc Chairman 4' Mortar Board 4: l-l.E.A. president 4: Phi Upsilon Omicron vice-president 4: vice-president Eta Sigma Upsilon 3, presi- dent 4: secretary, Ag Student's Council 3. ELEANOR A. WEAVER, B.S., Minneapolis. VIRGINIA WILDUNG, BS., Luverne. Macalester. Chi Gmegag Omicron Nu, president 4: Charm Incorporate Council 3. STELLA FLOAN WINGERT, BS., Fertile. Concordia 2. Cloviai Y.W.C.A.: l-l.E.A.: Lutheran Students' Association: Ag Y.W. C.A.: Marriage Course Chairman. Clovia Back Row: Ewert, Dasovich, Starz, Fitzsimons, Ankeny, Cutler, E., Nelson, M., Nelson, E. Third Row: Potter, Skaar, E., Dracy, Naley, Dittmer, Harne, Arnold. Second Row: Wiechmann, Morkassel, Melgner, Carter, Bethke, Noper, Milstein, Anderson First Row: Beckman, Skaar, M., Cutler, M., Wingert, Myhr, Dennstedt, Weesner. Phi Upsilon Gmicron Back Row: Saari, Konoski, McCracken, Cutler, Knauf, Powell. Third Row: Timberg, Blumenfield, Weesner, Coyner, Erickson, Truog. Second Row: Trantanella, Englehart, Engebretson, St. Cyr, Grant. First Row. Carter, Sterner, Hin1e, Sam, Vollbrecht, Markhus. Nu 1,5 7' H AGRICULTURE MARY KATHRYN KOHLBRY, B.S., Duluth. Lindenwood Col- lege. Kappa Kappa Gamma: H.E.A.: Y.W.C.A.: Varsity Show 4 . . . VIENA KOSKI, B.S., Cloquet. Duluth Junior College. H.E.A. VIRGINIA MAYERLE, B.S., Nashwauk. Hibbing Junior Col- lege. W.A.A.: Y.W.C.A.: University Chorus: H.E.A.: Senior Announcements Committee . . . DORIS MCCRACKEN, B.S., Minneapolis. Gamma Omicron Beta, president 4: Phi Upsilon Omicron 3-4: H.E.A.: Ag Y.W.C.A.: Ag A.W.S. board . . . AGATHA NELSON, B.S., Breckenridge. Concordia College. Omicron Nu: H.E.A.: Y.W.C.A.: Lutheran Student Associa- tion: Comstock Coordinating Council 4: Band 3, 4. DOROTHY M. NELSON, B.S., Gaylord. Sigma Epsilon Sigma: Wesley Foundation: Y.W.C.A.: H.E.A .... LOIS NORDEEN, BS., Minneapolis. North Park College. I-l.E.A .... RUTH ODEGARD, B.S., Princeton. Delta Delta Delta: Board ot Pub- lications, secretary 3: Charm Inc. Council 3: Sophomore Class Cabinet. ARTHUR L. OLSON, B.S., Moose Lake. Alpha Gamma Rho? Y.M.C.A.: Jr. Dairy Science Club: Ag Student Council: Lu- theran Students Association . . . ELAINE E. OLSON, B.S.. Sawyer. Gopher 4H Club . . . SHIRLEY PETERNELL, B.S., Tracy. ELLEN MIRIAM POWELL, B.S., Minneapolis. Chi Omega: Phi Upsilon Omicron: Sigma Alpha Iota: University Symphony . . . MARGARET E. REASONER, B.S., New Brighton. Gamma Omicron Beta: Y.W.C.A. I-4: Cabinet 4: H.E.A.: Ag Chris- tian Council 4 . . . ELIZABETH RICHTER, B.S., Cloquet. I-l.E.A. NATALIE SAARI, B.S., Soudan . . . EILEEN SALMINEN, BS., Winton. Kappa Kappa Lambda . . . ELIZABETH THUR- STON SCHMIDT, M.A., Anoka. Alpha Chi Omega: Phi Ep- silon Omicron 3-4: Omicron Nu: Sigma Epsilon Sigma 2: More than Bored Council: Freshman Week Chairman: Ag Union Board I-2: Ag Student Council 3: Caleb Door Scholarship I-4. M. CLETA SCHOLTES, B.S., Lansing, Iowa. Omicron Nu: I-l.E.A. 4 . . . DOROTHY SCHROEDER, B.S., St. Paul. Gam- ma Omicron Beta, secretary 4: H.E.A.: Y.W.C.A.: A.W.S.: Ag Student Council: Freshman Week Committee 2-3: H.E.A.: Day Committee I-3: Campus Chest, treasurer 4: Minnecon . . . J. AILEEN SHANNON, B.S., St. Paul. Gamma Omicron Beta 2-4: Phi Upsilon Omicron 2-4: H.E.A.. senior cabinet 4: Board ot Publications 3-4: S.W.E.C.C. 3-4: Military Coordi- nating Committee 4: A.W.S.: Ag Union Board, president 47 Gopher I. ESTELLE SILVERMAN, B.S., Minneapolis. Y.W.C.A.: H.E.A.: Hillel . . . RUSSELL J. STENBERG, B.S., Cass Lake. Farm- house: Phi Lambda Upsilon . . . MARIE CECELIA STERNER, B.S., New Germany. Phi Upsilon Omicron: Pitkins: Farm Choir I-3: Literary Club I-3: H.E.A.: W.A.A.: Pinatore Council: Tam O'Shanter Council: W.S.G.A.: Ag Student Council, vice president 3, president 4: Ag Union Board ot Governors 2: All U Senate Committee on Student Atlairs 3: President's Cabi- net ot All U Council: Junior Class Cabinet 3: Freshman Week 2-3: Homecoming Committee, Chairman ot Ag Campus: Min- necon. MARGARET STRIBLEY, B.S., St. Paul. Junior Boardman: Snow Week Committee: Golt Committee . . . ANNA M. SYREEN, B.S., Crosby . . . DOROTHY M. TIMBERG, B.S., Minneapolis. Ehlx Upsilon Omicron 4: Omicron Nu: H.E.A.. cabinet: Y.W. 74 , ,M C, B 0 3 sb A 5 X 5? 411, f Wm' MH V Q 4 9, , J I-Iffsftz Mer- .sir R ...W . sw-.its-f .,111 ..,.,. . ' ix ii ,.-:"1, s ' time H .... .. 4 2 I 4.1: S X X . , x. . Q W f' i .3 m. Agra I pc.: : 'A'- ..,.,... , Q s -A X if ,.tT ii AY if s a i l f ,of -Ol fs...i i is ic .. -.-- E. soo... C 2 , K X rs? JUNE TROVATTEN, B.S., St. Paul. Gamma Omicron Beta: l-lome Economics Association: Y.W.C.A. HELEN C. TRUOG, B.A., Long Prairie. Phi Upsilon Omicron: Omicron Nu, Y.M.C.A. Council: Home Economics Association: Lutheran Student Association, president, Gopher: Agricultural Campus Social Co-ordinating Committee, chairman. HELEN UTNE, B.S., St. Paul. Gamma Omicron Beta: Omicron Nu, 47 Y.W,C.A.1 l-l.E.A. JEANNE L. VOLLBRECHT, B.S., Robbinsclale. Gamma Omi- cron Beta, Phi Upsilon Omicrong Eta Sigma Upsilon: Y,W. C.A.: Punchinello Players lg l-l.E.A.: l-lonor Case Commission 3-4, Senior Cabinet: Ag Campus Freshman Weelc Chairman 43 Mortar Board 43 l-l.E.A. president 4: Phi Upsilon Omicron, vice-president 4: vice-p:esider1t Eta Sigma Upsilon 3, press' dent 4: secretary, Ag Student's Council 3. ELEANOR A. WEAVER, l3.S., Minneapolis. VIRGINIA WILDUNG, B.S., Luverne. Macalester. Chi Omega: Omicron Nu, president 4: Charm lncorporate Council 3. STELLA FLOAN WINGERT, B.S., Fertile. Concordia 2. Clovia: Y.W.C.A.g l-l.E.A.g Lutheran Students' Association, Ag Y.W. C.A.: Marriage Course Chairman. Clovia 1 0 . -4 r gs . 5? iz , 3? . A.. . tai" - Back Row: Ewert, Dasovich, Starz, Fitzsimons, Ankeny, Cutler, E., Nelson, M., Nelson, E. Third Row: Potter, Skaar, E., Dracy, Naley, Dittmer, Harne, Arnold. I A Second Row: Wiechmann, Morkassel, Melgner, Carter, Bethke, Noper, Milstem, Anderson First Row: Beckman, Skaar, M., Cutler, M., Wingert, Myhr, Dennstedt, Weesner. Phi Llpsilon Omicron Back Row: Saari, Konoski, McCracken, Cutler, Knauf, Powell. Third Row: Timberg, Blumenfield, Weesner, Coyner, Erickson, Truog. Second Row: Trantanella, Englehart, Engebretson, St. Cyr, Grant. First Row: Carter, Sterner, Hinze, Sam, Vollbrecht, Markhus, if-77 1 3' so T ir NJ 7 x Q69 School of Business Dean Stevenson Prize project this year was the "Albert Lea Plan" Below are pictured two of the men working on business school war Russell Stevenson' dean of the School of Busmess and postwar projects. Mr. R. L. Kozelka llower leftl and Mr. V. G. Pickett worked this year on plans and statistics for postwar recon- version of industries and rehabilitation of returning veterans. .awe Rf B U S I N E S S HARRYET ANDERSON, B.B.A., North Branch. Kappa Delta . . . JOHN BARTON, B.B.A., St. Paul. Beta Theta Pi: Phoenix: Slci Club: Freshman Class President . . . MARY ANN BUSCH, B.B.A., Minneapolis. Business Womens Club: lnternatl. Rela- tions Club: Y.W.C.A.: S.A.M.: Homecoming Oueen 4: Techno- log, Personnel Manager. KENNETH L. B. CARLSON, B.B.A., Minneapolis . . RUTH I. CARTON, B.B.A., Minneapolis. Business Womens Club: W.A.A.: Y.W.C.A.: University Chorus . . . JACK CEDARLEAF, B.B.A., St. Paul. Iowa State College. Sigma Alpha Epsilon. MARIAN CHANDONNET, B.B.A., Minneapolis. Business Wom- ens Club 4 . . . MARJORIE E. CLELAND, B.B.A., St. Paul. Business Women's Club: All U Council 4: Student War Ettorts Coordinating Council 3-4, secretary 3, vice president 4: Campus Chest, Chairman 4: A.W.S. Board 4, Cap and Gown Council president: Tam O' Shanter council: Pinatore council: Y.W.C.A. Freshman Cabinet: Religious Council, vice president 2 . . . PAUL COLESWORTHY, B.B.A., Minneapolis. Beta Gamma Sigma: Phalanx: Y.M.C.A., president: Chairman oi Fall graduat- ing class. ALICE COMBACKER, B.B.A., Fergus Falls. Gamma Phi Beta, president 4: Panhelienic Council 3-4: Daily Business Statt 2-4: University Chorus I . . . NORA EASTMAN, B.B.A., St. Paul. Phi Delta: Business Womens Club . . . CLARELIA A. ELM- QUIST, B.B.A., St. Paul. Kappa Kappa Lambda: Y.W.C.A.: Business Womens Club. J. REBECCA FELEPE, B.B.A., Hutchinson. Phi Delta: Business Womens Club: S.A.M.: University Chorus 2: War Chest 4: S.W.E.C.C., Executive committee: president ot Business Wom- ens Club 4 . . . ROBERT E. FLEMING, B.B.A., Hastings. Dralce University. Basketball 2-4 . . . ELEANOR B. FRANKASKY, B.B.A., Duluth. Duluth Junior College I. Alpha Omega Pi. HELEN GLEASON, B.B.A., Hibbing. Hibbing Junior College. Phi Delta 3-4: Business Womens Club 3-4, vice president 4: S.W.E.C.C. 3 . . . MARY HELEN GOULD, B.B.A., Fairmont. Macalester. Phi Delta 3-4, secretary 4: Business Womens Club 3-4: Minnesota Foundation 4: Daily 3-4 . . . NATALIE BAR- BYXEA GRUNDMAN, B.B.A., Faribault. Business Womens Cu 3-4. LOUISE M. HARRIS, B.S., St. Paul. Mortar Board: More Than Bored: Y.W.C.A. I-3, Cabinet 2-3: Olttice Hostess Chairman 2: Post War Conference Committee 4: Senior Cabinet: Senior Prom committee: S.W.E.C.C., president 4: Gopher I-3, Otlice Man- ager, Organizations editor 3: Daily 2 . . . EILEEN G. HAT- TER, B.B.A., St. Paul. Phi Delta: Business Womens Club: Red Cross Supervisor ..JAMES A. HAZEN, B.B.A., St. Paul. Sigma Alpha Epsilon: Foundation Ball: Freshman Weelc com- mittee l-2: Gopher Business Stati I. MARY ELIZABETH JENSEN, B.B.A., Minneapolis. Phi Delta. president 4: Business Womens Club 2-4, treasurer4 . . . MARY- ANN K. JOHNSON, B.B.A., Minneapolis . . . KEN KOCH- SIEK, B.B., St. Paul. Sigma Alpha Epsilon: Gopher I-4. ARLENE H. LANGUM, B.B.A., Minneapolis. Beta Gamma Sigma: Business Womens Club: Y.W.C.A.: Board ot Associated Business Students 2-4: Business Womens Club Board . . . DOR- OTHY LINMAN, B.B.A., Minneapolis . . . CHRIST S. LOUS- KOS, B.B.A., Minneapolis. Alpha Kappa Psi: Professional Col- lege Bookstore Board. 78 -. .-mx si -xii Qt fs X? J 'S - .... 1 - 1- ,pf A' T3 "ns, ,-sa C 4 . W' , .1 A... .sf Qs- .. ., . . swwii. , .f.- , I I . Ps: 2 f N ' " R' on yr ss s ss, . sm X X N X 11-2 .--if .yrs ., , ff. :iv - ,wks-C 5 -s--:ls---55.-..,.: 3: - .1 . C, -SW,3..-.-3sq.:.wp:-ga :shirts- . "" ' ,.,. . ' - Q-mas..-. i,-3 .. if 'thi -Q 3 . .4 .Q . ' I .. . sqm' 5. , - . . s jf' r ' ' 5 -J, , 1r2.Q..: , . , Q. , I 'fr f ,W I . 2, A, - , MI, Q 4 A ii ' X f X v Y ,Q -r :egg-rj. af- ,-,ssss,:1 . f Q' 5 ,E "' X A Q -f . so :Mr B U S I N E S S JANE O. MATTSON, B.B.A., Wayzata. Business Womens Club 2-4: Y.W.C.A .... ALFRED MODEN, B.B.A., Minneapolis. Y.M.C.A. I-2: V-I2 . . . ELOUISE M. MURPHY, B.B.A., Min- neapolis. Business Womens Club 2-4. MARJORIE MURRAY, B.B.A., St. Paul. Hamline University I-2. Phi Delta: Business Womens Club: S.A.M .... CHARLES M. MURRELL, B.B.A., Minneapolis. Rochester Junior College. Western Illinois State Teachers College. Florida Southern Col- lege. S.A.M., treasurer . . .JEAN NIXON, B.B.A., Hamel. Zeta Tau Alpha. Business Womens Club 2-4, secretary 4. ELEANORE H. ODEFARD, B.B.A., Santiago. Business Womens Club 3-4: Red Cross Supervisors Club 3-4: Technolog 4 . . . LAURA MAE PETERSON, B.B.A., Pringhar, Iowa. Sheldan Junior College. Pi Beta Phi: Business Womens Club: Comstock Publicity Chairman: Snow Week 2-3: Freshman Week Executive Council 4: University Symphony: Ski U Mah Business Statl 3: A.W.S.: Minnesota Foundation, president: Progressive party chairman . . . ELIZABETH N. RADKE, B.B.A., Minneapolis. Alpha Omicron Pi: A.W.S. HELEN PEED, B.B.A., La Crescent. Business Womens Club: Y.XXf.C.A.: Spanish Club . . . RUTH RUDESILL, B.B.A., Minne- apolis, River Falls Teachers College. Business Womens Club: Y.W.C.A.: A.W.S.: Christian Science Organization, secretary . . . DOROTHY SCHROEDER, B.B.A., Hibbing. l-Iibbing Junior Coilege. Phi Delta 3-4: Business Womens Club 3-4. ROSE E. SEGAL, B.B.A., Minneapolis. Sigma Pi Omega: Beta Gamma Sigma: Hillel Foundation, president: Ski U Mah Business Stati I-2 . . . MERRILL ROBERT SMITH, B.B.A.. Minneapolis. Alpha Kappa Psi: S.A.M.: Ticket chairman, Home- coming dance, Common Peeples Ball, Snow Week: Ski U Mah I-2 . . . WARREN RODGER STANCHFIELD, B.Ch.E., B.B.A., Minneapolis. Beta Theta Pi: Tau Beta Pi: Phi Lambda Upsiloni A.l.Ch.E., president: U Senior Cabinet: Track I. ODDNY E. STEFANSSON, B.B.A., Iceland. University ot Ice- land. Business Womens Club 3: Campus War Chest 4: Daily 3-4: Ski U Mah 3 ...STUART HAROLD STEINMAN, B.B.A., St. Paul. Phi Epsilon Pi: University Band: Hillel . . . GALEN F. STRIEMER, B.B.A., Alpha. Alpha Kappa Psi 2-4, treasurer: Beta Gamma Sigma 3-4, president 4: Beta Alpha Psi 3-4, presi- dent 4: Union Board ot Governors 3-4: Senior Class Cabinet 4: Y.M.C,A. I-2: Business School Day Chairman 2. JANE FRANCES SULLIVAN, B.B.A., Springfield. St. Catherine College. Chi Omega: Business Womens Club: S.A.M., presi- dent: University Ushers . . . RALPH A. SWENSON, B.B.A., Mankato . . . EDITH VON DE LINDE, B.B.A., Echo. Business Nxfomens Club I-3: Red Cross Supervisors Club 4. LAVONNE WAGNER, B.B.A., Minneapolis. Colorado State College. Delta Delta Delta: A.W.S.: Pinatore: Tam O' Shan- ter: Cap and Gown: Business Womens Club . . . BARBARA WEST, B.B.A. St. Paul. Gamma Phi Beta: A.W.S.: Bib and Tucker: Y.W.C.A.: Gopher 3-4: Ski U Mah I . . . HAROLD E. WESTHOFF, B.B.A., St. Paul. 79 its: A ii. M' A Q X .,,,.,,, ., 1 '1- 2. Back Row: Dahl, Schulz, Schumacker, Smith, Carpenter. Second Row: Erickson, Sessions, Thursdale, O'Keefe. First Row: Louskos, Striemer, Lang, Holschuh, Larson. ll--a l 1 , lpha Kappa P i 2 A sf , , professional business 533:-:fl u , ,. f'E'Qfi P .A c - t. R., ,B , ,,,. -- ' , : g gr, r N l f E M 80 III6 Fifth Street Southeast New York University, i904 Minnesota Alpha Eta, i922 Bu ine s omen's Club business Back Row: Hatling, Vold, Rank, Dahlquist, Wiedenfeller, Marsh, Peterson, Tweeten, Gould. Fifth Row: Eastman, Jarvis, Cleland, Wildung, Rogge, Mattson, Gomsrud, Curran, Korosec. Fourth Row: Murphy, Grundman, Busch, lngman, Odegard, Barker, Schroeder, Horn, Scobie. Third Row: Podlasek, Mee, Barnett, Stiegel, Kartarik, Hatter, Peed, Elmquist, Wagner. Second Row: Lconan, Latick, Shaughnessy, Murray, Kleidon, Linman, Wilson, Janssen, Batchelder, First Row: Martin, Hagen, Gleason, Jensen, Felepe, Sullivan, Nixon, Van de Linde, Huso. Carton .,. . .. , f 1 ,HM Back Row: Curran, Foley, Gleason, Vold, Dahlquist, Weidenfeller, Tweeten. Third Row: Murray, Wilson, Stiegel, Barker, Hatter, Horn. Second Row: Hagen, Carson, Felepe, Loonan, Barnett, Kartarik. First Row: Schroeder, Gould, Jensen, Eastman, Martin, Mez. Phi Delta business Beta Gamma Sigma honorary commerce Back Row: Segal, Langum. First Row: Rice, Striemer, Colesworthy. as ., m . vi 5- 1 '- Ne 1: pf. - 1. . " 'Q' .ara f 1 L I rf' n 1 ' College of Dentistry Dean Lasby With most of the dents in G I, the dean had onl to shout "Attention" to take roll. Right: William F. Lasby, dean of the College of Dentistry. Lower left: The old, familiar cry of "Open wide!" rings out many times a day in the dental clinic - here, Bob Johnson dem- onstrates the best way to pack for a filling. Lower right: Labor- atory technologist Mary Ouise Gouze learns the best way to remove a drill without also removing a finger. DENTISTRY PALMER B. ABRAMSON, D.D.S., Duluth. Duluth Teachers College, Duluth Junior College. A.S.T.P .... MARY RUTH ANDERSON, G.D.I-I., Chisholm. Hibbing Junior College. Union Activities: Football Frolic Committee: University Ushers: Swim- ming, Aquatics . . . BERNARD S. BANOVETZ, D.D.S, Ely. Ely Junior College I-3. Psi Omega: Rangers Club: Newman Foundation: Apollonion Club. ALLAN T. BARD, D.D.S., Minneapolis. Delta Sigma Delta. . . . BARBARA BENNETT, G.D.I-I., St. Paul. Y.W.C.A.7 Red Cross: A,W.S.: University Ritle Club .... JEWELLS L. BENSON, G.D.Fl., Rochester. Alpha Kappa Gamma, secretary: Junior Dental Association. BETTY JANE BRAATEN, G.D.l-I., Minneapolis. .STANLEY JERALD CARDINAL, D.D.S.. Chippewa Falls, Wis. Eau Claire Teachers College. V-I2 . . . DONALD R. CORON, D.D.S., Two Harbors. Virginia Junior College. Psi Omega: Dental Senior Class president. JOHN J. CURTIN, D.D.S., Arlington. St. Thomas College. Delta Sigma Delta . . . ELAINE DALY, G.D.l-l., Rochester. Alpha Kappa Gamma, president 4: Junior Dental I-lygienists Asso- ciation: Class President . . . MARGARET H. DALY, G.D.I-I., Ortonville. DIRK MORMAN DERKSEN, D.D.S., Minneapolis. Psi Omega? V-I2 . . . CLIFFORD L. DONEHOWER, D.D.S., Minneapolis. Valley City Teachers College. Lambda Chi Alpha, president: Psi Omega, president: Senior Class vice president . . . HENRY O. EINAN, D.D.S., Minneapolis. South Dakota State College. Psi Omega, vice president: Silver Spur: Iron Wedge, treasurer: Sophomore Dental Class President. CARL W. ELMQUIST, D.D.S., St. Paul. Psi Omega: A.S.T.P. . . . CARL W. ERICKSON, D.D.S., St. Paul. Macalester, B.A. Senior Class Secretary-treasurer . . . HERMOINE A. FISHER, G.D.l-l., Diclcinson, N. D. St. Scholastica College. MARY CATHERINE FORD, G.D.l-I., Minneapolis. Alpha Kap- pa Gamma: A.W.S.: Junior Dental I-lygienists Association . . . CAROL FOSSEY, D.D.S., Austin . . . ELIZABETH GILCHRIST, G.D.H., Minneapolis. GEORGE A. GLEASON, D.D.S.. I-libbing. I-libbing Junior Col- lege. Delta Sigma Delta . . . WILLARD ANDREW GROEB- NER, D.D.S., Fairtax. St. Thomas College . . . CARL HAEDGE, D.D.S., St. Paul. Delta Sigma Delta. HELENE D. HORSTMANN, G.D.l-l., Pringhar, Iowa. Alpha Kappa Gamma: Junior Dental Association . . .JAMES M. HOWARD, D.D.S., Sherburn. Mankato Teachers College. Delta Sigma Delta. Union Basra. Navy . . .RICHARD H. i-iurci-HN- SON, D.D.S., Waterloo, Iowa. Iowa State Teachers College. Delta Sigma Delta: Union Board ot Governors. 84 is W xi S' fe o ,f f W. , , ,Qi t-sf' . ' NSS: .zu ., .,, 4 SX R at if ,.,. . . .QQ 4. s. ,fr.1.,,..-M. x..,.,.w5 . N 1 X .s J , I . , X t it R 1 S fp. sg.: .1 2 A5 sf Q is QNX 44553 ... f asf: 'gg gf Q5 fs, .ti igstizf Est'-7, - - - TX 1' Q - , xx 'iii , J-5 A ,',,,,,,,gb"" 1 . Ya, Z DENTISTRY HOWARD K. JENSEN, D.D.S., Keewatin. Hibbing Junior College. Delta Sigma Delta . . . VERNON V. JOHNSON, D.D.S., Henning . . . LAWRENCE L. KORDA, D.D.S., Duluth. Duluth Junior College. Psi Omega. ' RUFUS N. LAMPI, D.D.S., Nashwaulc. Hibbing Junior College. Psi Omega . . . RICHARD E. LARSON, D.D.S., St. Peter. Gustavus Adolphus . . . EDGAR H. LECHNER, D.D.S., Fessen- den, N. D. Delta Kappa Epsilon: Iron Wedge: Gamma Delta: M convocation chairman: Dental Freshman Class president: All U Council: Senate Committee ot Inter Collegiate Athletics: Football IA4. DONALD D. LINDSTAM, D.D.S., Duluth. Duluth Junior College . . . FREDERICK WILLIAM MAYER, D.D.S., St. Paul. Delta Sigma Delta: A.S.T.P .... WARDEN E. MICKELSON, D.D.S., Watertown, S. D. Pioneer Council: University Band I-4: R.O.T.C. I. SHERMAN HARELY MILLER, D.D.S., St. Paul. Macalester l. Xi Psi Phi, vice president: Dental Class Junior Vice President . . . ELWIN L. MORSE, D.D.S., LeRoy. St. Olat College I-2. Delta Sigma Delta, vice president . . . LEO MOSES, D.D.S., Minneapolis. DUDLEY NELSON, D.D.S., Minneapolis . . . ALVIN WALTER NEUMANN, D.D.S., Litchville, N. D. North Dakota Teachers College I: North Dalrota Ag. College 2 . . . MELBA NEW- MAN, G.D.H., Minneapolis. Kappa Kappa Lambda: Y.W.C.A.: Sun Light Dance Committee. ROBERT V. NIMS, D.D.S., Minneapolis. North Dalcota Ag. College, B.S. Alpha Tau Omega: Delta Sigma Delta . . . ED- WARD ALBERT NOLDEN, D.D.S., Rice. St. Johns University . . . OSCAR C. NORD, D.D.S., Detroit Lakes. Delta Sigma Delta. postwar world. 85 In all departments of the Uni versity, men and women worked with machines and tabulations to prepare the state for the DENTISTRY AUDRE I. OLSEN, G.D.H., Dassel. Alpha Xi Delia: Uf1iV2fSifY Chorus ...ALLEN F. PACHOLKE, D.D.S., Withee, Wis. Marquette University . . . DONNA A. PETERSON, G.D.I-I., Morris. Y.W.C.A. HAROLD A. PRESSMAN, D.D.S., Glenclive, Montana. Psi Omega. U.S.N.R ..,. JOHN R. QUAST, D.D.S., St. Paul. Carleton College. Psi Upsilon: Delta Sigma Delta .... FRED- ERICK L. RAYMAN, JR., D.D.S., Austin. Alpha Tau Omega: Delta Sigma Delta. PATRICK J. RYAN, D.D.S., Hibbing. I-Iibbing Junior College. Delta Sigma Delta, M Club, Hoclcey 2-4, Captain . . . ED- WARD ARTHUR RYDELL, D.D.S., Wheaton. Superior Junior College. Columbia University. Delta Sigma Delta .... JOHN SANDE, D.D.S., Two Harbors. Duluth Junior College. V-I2. CARL F. SCHNEIDER, D.D.S., St. Paul. Junior Dental Class president: V-I2 . . . WILLIAM K. SCHULTA, D.D.S., St. Paul. Psi Omega . . . LUCILLE SCHUMANN, G.D.H., St. Paul. JOAN D. SIMMONS, C5.D.H., Rochester. Alpha Kappa Gam- ma . . . NORINE SIMPSON, G.D.H., St. Paul . . . PAUL JOHN SLOMINSKI, D.D.S., Minot. North Dalcota University. ROBERT E. SWENSON, D.D.S., Minneapolis. Xi Psi Phi, Navy . . . HOWARD M. TENDER, D.D.S., Minneapolis. Psi Omega: A.S.T.P .... MARILYNN TESTER, G.D.H., Gibbon. Alpha Kappa Gamma. ARTHUR F. TUREK, D.D.S., New Prague. St. Johns University. Psi Omega, president . . .AGNES E. TVEDT, G.D.H., St. Paul . . . LEWIS D. VANDERHOEF, D.D.S., Chaslca. University ot Wisconsin. JQHNAR. VAN OST, D.D.S., Haelcensaclc, N. J. Psi Upsilon1Xi Psi Phi: A.S.T.U .... STANLEY WARREN VEKER, D.D.S., Minneapolis. Psi Omega: V-I2 . . . OTIS L. WEDUM, D.D.S., Glasgow, Mont. Northern Montana College. Delta Sigma Delta, president 47 Dental Class President 2. WYAN A. WHITNEY, D.D.S., Wessington Springs, S. D. Uni- versity of South Dakota. Delta Sigma Delta. 86 ,.-.1 . . 2. 15 X :W X X Q 4 651 f . 2 ' . ,,,-X A -. as 1- Q 1 Q fr. 6 Q 1 799 a -s 'gg 0 O 4 as YE 3 - v.-. Y . -.:' 1 ww ,pvff mm mlik . 'wi may fum' .an -413 offs .,a 1 .game 4-om Back Row: Maser, Ford, Holdridge, Smith. Second Row: Brown, Neumann, Tucker, Tester, Carlson. Front Row: Horstmann, Daly, Simmons, Benson. Alpha Kappa Gamma dental hygiene Delta Sigma Delta dentistry Back Row: Peterson, Neslund, Nelson, Lier, Lechner, Rydell, Merrill, Densmore, Kringlee, Hogan, Backlund. Fifth Row . . . . R McKee, Madsen, Hutchinson, Curtin, Williams, Marxen, Steiner, Huso, Quast, Mayer, McNul:t, Carlson. Fourth ow: B d Nurmi Yovanovich, Sarvela, Miner, Blesi, Carlson, Maze, Baken, Hagen, Gleason. Third Row: Bartlett,-Oemcke, ar , , Wht Wlk' Trot Sandahl Siman Cermak Mlinar Nord Thorleif Second Row. Ryan, Zustiak, Saw Werner, i e, i inson, s , , , , , , . R' d' Schaffer. First Row: Solberg, Whitney, Howard, Jensen, yer, Rayman, Tam, Frank, Weber, Tritle, Nims, ie Inger, Morse, Thom, Lusk, Wedum, Serr, Haedge, Shuckhart, Moses. J' , i X ? 3.71 -4, l I .1 -u 41, ,gf I Aa 5' Q D 1 'Il l 'NE '- ,r"fN Back Row: Schwartz, Rosendahl, Brewer, Nelson, Carlson, Schultz, Nienaber, Johnson, Pressman, Edie. Fifth Row: Anderson, Moos, Einan, Zimmerman, Otterholt, Tyra, Turek, Lundholm, Coron, Sather. Fourth Row: Renneke, Kelly, Elmquist, Perell, Bootz, Greengo, Silverthorne, Borg, Becker, Fredsall, Swanstrom. Third Row: Styer, Williams, Holland, Myrick, Tofte, Polski, Cameron, Banovetz, Derksen, Slominski. Second Row: Swanstrom, Comartin, Albani, Quinn, Laveree, Zwisler, Eckels, Townsend, Scanlon, Fager, Rachie First Row: Hogy, Sanders, Sigford, Korda, Lampi, Donehower, Kotze, Nissen, Lynn, Sliva. P i Omega dentistry Xi P i Phi dentistry Back Row: Koch, Akers, Liedl, Davis, Burrington, Baker, Haglund, Larson. Third Row: Gehrig, Gregg, Samuelson, Larson, Van Ost, Gordon, Swanson, Johnson, W. Second Row: Peterson, Swanson, H., Johnson, R., Bonbright, Pfister, Bush, Geist, Jensen. First Row: Brekke, Small, Windorfer, Buetow, Miller, Bong, Brown. 1 2 -oz , 1, " 1-'V hy: . If . , .1 f f 7 ' f W f ,QIW . L ,, , , , , my ' - 43 I , . . S X X . . , .m ' gf 0 ,,,1:fg..:S,. 'wg i' 1 ' A . .. '-' . I , X A 4 1-, ,JL Q Q X - " , ,X . - 3 N - .Q . . ' ' - ' 1 ' f Z I g , s ' A - . 'c 1 sf Q . Q ,. ff I , z i l. Q, . A " . -49 s A g ww , 3' I Q K x , 5 . , 1, - ' -'f- , 6 in Q fm , 'V .... 3 .g , ,. .. ' ' U 1 ' Y , Q ' ' 1 , 4 e . , , Q .1 1 in ,ky ,',. V ,., 1 ,, Y 1 'acl ' ' ww X K ,Q 0 IL: S , I 1 U P ' 1 , Q ww ' 4 if Q , .x I , 4 Y . 1 kv Q , 43 1 4 College of Education Dean Peik The faculty concentrated on planning and educat- ing for the postwar period. Right: Palmer Johnson who this year helped in general campus post- war planning with his studies of ways and means to reorient and educate returning veterans. Lower lett: Ralph Piper-this year he toolc charge of physical education for all of the military units on campus. Lower right: Dean Peilr and his secretary take time otf For relaxing cluring one of the dean's many busy days. l Wesley E. Peilr, dean of the College of Education. EDUCATION VIRGINIA L. AAMODT, B.S., St. Paul. Bethany Lutheran Col- lege. Lambda Alpha Fsi 3-4: Gamma Delta 3-4 . . . MAR- GARET ADAMS, B.S., Bottineau, N. D. Sigma Kappa: Sigma Alpha Iota: University Chorus 2-3 . . . FRANCES ALFORD, B.S., Minneapolis. Roclctord College I-2. Alpha Gamma Delta! Pi Lambda Theta: Lambda Alpha Psi: Spanish Club: French Club. DONALD F. ANDERSON, B.S., International Falls. University Singers . . . EXINE ANDERSON, B.5,, Marshall . . . ARLE- MAE ARNASON, B.S., Minneapolis. Manlrato State Teachers College. Gamma Omicron Beta: Y.W.C.A. PHYLLIS DAHN AYARS, B.S., Montevideo. Edgewood Junior College. French Club, vice president, treasurer . . . NORMA BAILIFF, B.S., Minneapolis. Y.W.C.A .... MERRY BARR, B.S., Wells. Manlrato Teachers College. Phi Chi Delta. LOIS BELFORD, B.S., Minneapolis. Eta Sigma Upsilon: Y.W. C.A.: A.W.S.: Campus War Chest . . . HAROLD H. BEN- NING, B.S., Geneva, Iowa. Managers Club: Student Manager ot Baseball . . . JEAN MARYBETH BERGH, B.S., Upper Dar- by, Penn. Kappa Delta: Eta Sigma Upsilon: Theatre: Univcr sity Singers. MARION R. BISKE, B.S., St. Paul. St. Catherines I .. . BETTY ALICE BLOOMOUIST, B.S., Minneapolis. Kappa Phi . . . PATRICIA JOAN BOYLAN, B.S., Minneapolis. Alpha Gamma Delta: Y.W.C.A.: W.A.A. JANET BRANDT, B.S., Duluth. Virginia Junior College. Mu Phi Epsilon: Eta Sigma Epsilon: I-lit the Deck, Orchestra: Band, Concert 3-4, Marching 4: University Symphony 3-4 . .. ELAINE J. BRAVIS, B.S., Minneapolis. Eta Sigma Upsilon: Linnean Club: Union Dance Committee . . . ARLENE H. BRIX, B.S., Minneapolis. Pi Beta Phi, president 3: Eta Sigma Upsilon: Homecoming 2, Decoration Chairman: Y.W.C.A., Freshman Council: Sophomore Class Cabinet. JEAN BROKER, B.S., Wadena. St. Catherine's College I. Mas- quers 4: Theatre . . . MARJORIE HELEN BROOKS, B.S., St. Paul. Alpha Epsilon Phi . . . LOIS M. BURT, B.S., St. Paul. Delta Phi Delta: Slri U Mah, Associate Editor. ROBERTA L. CARLTON, B.S., Minneapolis. Grinnell College. Gamma Phi Beta: Panhellenic Council . . . STELLA CETOLA, B.S., Nashwaulc. Ijlibbing Junior College. Folwell Library Club . . . DOROTHY JEAN CLAPPER, B,S., Waseca. W.A.A. SHIRLEY A. CORNWALL, B.S., Amery, Wis. Hamline Univer- sity . . .AMARJORIE A. CORWIN, B.S., St. Paul. Delta Delta Delta: Ski U Mah 3: University Choir . . . MIRIAM COWIE, B.S., Minneapolis. Kappa Alpha Theta, President: Panhel- lenic Council. 92 'ifgfi' if 0 . W fiw Q: fs.. .we -4 L-J. ' ...Q U . ,f-.,, '- .- .4 t l ....,,.- . if . tif' , 123255 Q 5' E f T f Av 1 4 1 ff: ' 4 9 V sv Q fr a - 5 rs' ' ,454 ,445 1 he ye i M fi , f .A 6 E:-"' .' :lmffh Fi-E ' 5 wp.. ...Mg V ,. , . r' V 4 Hs, W tif ,4 f . vi J. . " X,-.5 ,ir I tg: .71 EDUCATION ELIZABETH E. CROSBY, B.S., Minneapolis. W.A.A.: Christian Fellowship League . . . MARGUERITE CUDDY, B.S., Man- kato. Mankato State Teachers College I. Business Womens Club: Newman Club . . . ARLYN I. DALLDORF, B.S., Min- neapolis. MacMurry I. ROBERTA L. DAWSON, B.S., Aurelia, Iowa. Y.W.C.A. I-2: A.W.S.: Kappa Delta . . . PATRICIA A. DILLON, B.S., Min- neapolis. St. Catherine's College I-2. Delta Phi Delta . . FLORENCE L. DODGE, B.S., Rochester. Pi Beta Phi. MARGUERITE EKREN, I3.S., Kensal, N. D. Jamestown Col- lege. Theatre 3-4 . . . RUTH EMERSON, B.S., Virginia. Vir- ginia Junior College. Mu Phi Epsilon: Hit the Deck, Orchestra: Band, Concert and Marching: Bach Society Orchestra: Uni- versity Symphony 3-4 . . . WINNIFRED M. ERICKSON, B.S., Litchtieicl. Sigma Alpha Iota, treasurer: Eta Sigma Upsilon: University Chorus: University Orchestra. HELEN FAIRFIELD, B.S., St. Paul. Delta Zeta . . . TOSE PIERS FOOTE, B.S., Minneapolis. Eta Sigma Upsilon: Zeta Phi Eta: League ot Women Voters: Marriage Course, chairman: Post War Committee: Cap and Gown: Freshman Week: Senior Class Cabinet . . . AVIS CLAIRE FUNK, B.S., Minneapolis. HARRIETT GASSER, B.S., Minneapolis. Carleton College. Chi Omega: Y.W.C.A .... MARY J. GOODRICH, B.S. and R.N.. Hawaii. Zeta Tau Alpha . . . MARY JEAN GRIFFIN, B.S.. Stewartville. Rochester Junior College. Chi Omega: Eta Sigma Upsilong Theatre. MARY ,IOSEPHINE GULBRANDSEN, B.S., Minneapolis. Alpha Chi Omega: Sigma Alpha Iota: Eta Sigma Upsilon: A.W.S.: Pinatorc Council: Tam O'Shanter Council: Cap and Gown Council: Freshman Weelc 4: University Chorus . . . CAROL LEE S. HAGEN, B.S., Roseau. Moorhead State Teachers' Col- lege. Phi Delta: Business Womens Club: Interprotessional Sorority Council president . . . MARY ADELINE HALVOR- SON, B.S., Minneapolis. Chi Omega: Eta Sigma Upsilon: Pi Lambda Theta: A.W.S. Board: Red Cross Supervisors Club. .9-X X ,fx Far lett: The men in experimen- tal engineering-both faculty and students spent much of their time on war research. Here an instructor tests one of the new pieces of equipment. Left: Dr. Von der Wagnon of the psy- chology department worlied,this year, with the problems of re- habilitating returning veterans. 93 EDUCATION KLARA HANSBERGER, B.S., Minneapolis. Worthington Jun- ior College. Folwell Club . . . AVONA HATLING, B.S., Greriora, N. D. Moorhead State Teachers College. Kappa Delta: Business Women's Club 4: University Ushers.. . BETTY B. HENEMAN, B.S., St. Paul. Alpha Tau Delta, secre- tary: Mortar Boarcl, vice-president: N.S.G.A. Board. MARY HESSIAN, B.S., Minneapolis. Kappa Kappa Gamma . . ..ETI-IEL V. HILL, B.S., Sigma Alpha Iota 3-4: University Chorus I: Theatre, Hit the Deck 3 . . . LEONARD WILLIAM HOLDEN, B.S.. Minneapolis, Delta Sigma Theta: German Club. DORIS A. HUSO, B.S., Northwood, Iowa. Bethany Junior College. Mankato Teachers College. University Chorus: Busi- ness Women's Club: Gamma Delta . . . IRIS MAE JANS- SEN, B.S., Virginia. Virginia Junior College. University Chorus: Business Women's Club . . . EVELYN MARY JEBB, B.S., Min- neapolis. Folwell Club: French Club: Spanish Club. ARDIETTA JOHNSON, B.S., Windom. University ot Iowa. Delta Phi Delta: Y.W.C.A .... BETTY LEE JOHNSON, B.S.. Blooming Prairie. Band: University Chorus: University Sym- phony . . . JOYCE J. JOHNSON, B,S., Minneapolis. Sigma Alpha Iota: Folwell Club: Y.W.C.A.: Theatre, Haytoot Straw- toot: University Chorus. A. MARGARET JOHNSON, B.S., Minneapolis. University Chorus: Northrop Singers . . . TUDINE M. JOHNSON, B.S., Redwood Falls. Stephens College. Alpha Gamma Delta: Swim- ming . . . ANITA KEGAL, B.S., Minneapolis. Kappa Kappa Lambda: Eta Sigma Epsilon. LOIS KILSTOFTE, B.S., Winona. Sigma Alpha Iota: Univer- sity Chorus: Red Cross Bandaging ...BARBARA JEAN KIRKPATRICK, B.S., Lambda Alpha Psi: French Club, treas- urer 3, president 3-4: Roger Williams Forum: University Chorus . . . JACQUELYN KLEIDON, B.S,, Minneapolis. Business Women's Club: Y.W.C.A. Physical education in the war was deemed as important as other branches of the Educa- tion department. This year that school tool: over the training ot all military units stationed on campus. 94 -W 8 ea : . 5 .sg5,...,ia xx., Vx S ....,.. fi.- 3 X-w-of nf 'R . e ,Q ' is A 25 S -555 'I - sz" '-'- llizii-Q f . af.: - '-SSL' UZ 3 ii?-5 F113 2.,,-1"i.':.3-::ia5:" it -'iE."'fE: .Q ' . ,1 1 . "1,.:.,1:.2f 7 fn- , f , - :mix . '-sr A ,sz ' cg ' 3 . 5235 -7 V si Jima f , Q 4 . gf , I' 3,1 EDUCATION AMELIA S. KOROSEC, B.S., Ely. Chairman ot Music I-lours: Business Women's Club: University Chorus . . . MARJORIE D. KUECK, B.S., Boone, Iowa. Boone Junior College. Alpha Chi Omega: Mixed Chorus . . . INEZ M. LANGE, B.S., Ruth- ton. BARBARA LANGLAND, B.S .... MARTHA LEPISTO, B.S. . . . RUTH ANNE LINSLEY, B.S., Minneapolis. Linnean Club. CAROLA LOONAN, B.S., Easton. Mankato Teacherls College. Phi Delta ...BARBARA C. LORDAHL, B.S., Little Falls. Stephens College. Eta Sigma Upsilon: Y.W.C.A. 3 . . .,ROB- ERT LUEHRS, B.S., Minneapolis. Band: Orchestra. ELIZABETH LUNDEEN, B.S., Minneapolis . , . JEANNE V. MARTIN, B.S., Sentinel Butte, N. Dak. University ot North Dakota . . . MARILYNN ANN MCINTOSH, B.S., Marble. Carleton College. University ot North Dakota. Gamma Delta. CATHERINE MERKERT, B.S., Minneapolis. Sigma Kappa . . . VERONICA MICHELICH, B.S., Keewatin. I-libbing Junior Cal- lege I-2. Folwell Library Club . . . DOROTHY M. MILLER, B.S., St. Paul. Sigma Kappa: University Theater: University Symphony. JUNE M. MILLER, B,S., Darwin. St. Cloud Teacher's College. W.A.A. I-4: P.E.A. 2-3 . . . MARTHA MILLI, B.S., St. Paul. Compton Junior College. Spanish Club , . . LORETTA LIN- DOO MUILENBURG, B.S., Milltown, Wis. Kappa Delta: De- sign Club: Winter War Vfeek Advertising: Kappa Delta, edi- tor: University Singers I-4: Aquatic League. RUTH NANTKES, B.S., Fulda , . . VIRGINIA MAE NELSON, B.S., Minneapolis. Alpha Omicron Pi: Johnson Foundation Scholarship 3: Pi Lambda Theta, corresponding secretary 3: Eta Sigma Upsilon: Lutheran Student Assln., cabinet 3: Re- ligious Council 3: Freshman Week Committee 2-3: Snow Week Committee 2: A.W.S.: Y.W.C.A., cabinet 3: Co-ed Dining Group, chairman 2-3: Y.W,C.A. Summer Committee, chairman 3 . . . ALYCE LaBELLE NISKAWAATA, B.S., Hibbing. Hib- bing Junior College. PHYLLIS NORD, B.S., Buhl. Virginia Junior College I-2 . . . JANE OWEN, B.S., Winona. Beloit College. Delta Delta Del- ta: Y.W.C.A,: A.W.S.: W.A.A.: Snow Week . . . CATHER- INE PALMER, B.S., Mankato. CAROL M. PARKE, B.S., Minneapolis. Alpha Gamma Delta: Bib and Tucker: Pinatore: Tam O'Shanter: Freshman Week 2: Y.W.C.A. I: Ski-U-Mah I-3: University Choir 4 . . . GRACE PAT WELL, B,S.. St. Paul. English Club . . . BARBARA PEAR- SON, B.S., Virginia. St. Ola? College. Delta Delta Delta: Fol- will Club: Spanish Ciub. 95 EDUCATION .IEANETTE C. PETERSON, B.S., Minneapolis . . . MILDRED LORRAINE PETERSON, B.S., Minneapolis. Alpha Xi Delta: Panhellenic Representative . . . RUTH VERNETTE PHELPS, B.S., Wilmette, Ill. EILEEN POHL, B.S., Cook. Virginia Junior College. Ncwman Club: Y.W.C.A .,.. ALICE QUIE, B.S., Dennison . . . ELI- ZABETH J. QUINN, B.S., Minneapolis. Modesto Junior Col- lege. MARILYN A. RADICHEL, B.S., Mankato. University ot Wis- consin. Gamma Phi Beta: XXf.A.A .... WAYNETTE E. RIE- DESEL, BS., Wayzata. Zeta Tau Alpha, president 4: Eta Sigma Upsilon, treasurer 4: Phi Chi Delta I-2: Daily, Society editor 4 . . . EILEEN ROACH, BS., Minneapolis. NELL LOUISE ROMMEL, B.S., Minneapolis. Kappa Phi: Uni- versity Syrnphony . . . MARJORIE C. ROSS, B.S., St. Paul. Eta Sigma Upsilon . . . JEAN ROSSMAN, B.S., Grand Rap- ids. Zeta Tau Alpha: Representative Freshman: Y.W.C.A.: Bib and Tucker, ROSEMARY RYAN, B.S., Minneapolis . . . ESTHER RYKKEN, B.S., Danvers. Zeta Tau Alpha . . . BETTY JANE SCHERVEN, B.S., Minneapolis. Alpha Gamma Delta: Nurses Aide Corps. RUTH C. SCHMIEGE, BS., Grand Rapids. Itasca Junior Col- lege . . . NINA L. SCHULTZ, B.S., Harmony . . . JUNE M. SHIFFLETT, B.S., Minneapolis. St. Olat College. Y.W.C.A. MAXINE MARILYN SIEGEL, B.S., Minneapolis. Sigma Delta Tau, secretary, vice president: Eta Sigma Upsilon, vice presi- dent: S.XXf'.E.C.C.: W.A.A.: War Bond Drive: French Club I: University Chorus I-2: Y.W.C.A.: Panhellenic I-4, secretary: Hillel I-4: A.W.S.: Homecoming Chairman: Blood Doning Chairman . . . MARGARET SIMONETTI, B.S., Minneapolis. Y.W.C.A.: W.A.A .... ANITA SISSON, B.S., Minneapolis. St. Olat College. Kappa Kappa Lambda. MAXINE SKOCDOPOLE, B.S., Grand Rapids. Alpha Omicron Pi, president 3: Eta Sigma Upsilon: Panhelleniv: 2-3 , . . LOIS M. SMITH, B.S., Minneapolis. Pi Beta Phi: Y.W.C.A., Cabi- net 2 . . . MARTHA TRIMBLE STAFFORD, B.S., Minneapolis. Northern Illinois State Teachers College. MARCELYN STOPPEI., B.S., Alexandria. Augustana College I. German Club: Union Foundation Committee . . . ONA M. SWANSON, B.S., Minneapolis. Albert Lea Junior College. Fol- well Library Club: Theatre . . . EDITH TAYLOR, B.S.. Duluth. Delta Gamma. 96 cf .M .... , 1x.fQP'?','12. , . , -1 1 -0154 vii'-.Wifi ' .: ,Z'..: - . ' . , Il? :-Ss. -ss.. .,ft.-sw. . 3 amsiirfwf. res . 6- A ' A I 4 Q .sw H ff L 7' Y . J- - .' n1Is.'?-.':.f:'.a!i -- -,-fa: - 1 . M' , . A its-'12 REQ- . 2' J . -. .53 " 1 bf ,"Q.'?:Ih--:-: 9 Q . Q? s si X 4 X it "53',x W 1,4 Rig WS A U11 . .,,,., X xx .Q ,. 3 was c' 7.5. . 125 S 13' X S -SAA, as , s a X . .Q ve? t -aa 5, . as . . sc ff t '45 va 'S .ff V. ,w 554 ve.- s 1 -ali 1- we sf. if s. ,W ifiiti .gg X ki 6. ENR NX .S 'N ,. f. 915 is ,- of N19 f r- ,. . 1 X ,egg gg: -'-' Q ,f if EDUCATION JEAN M. ri-roMAs, Bs., Minneapolis. Eta Sigma upaaiann if '5.. W.A,A., president: S.W.E.C.C.g Snow Week, chairman: Or- , .,v. chesis: R,E.A .... IRENE J. TCPIC, B.S., New Prague. Y.W. CA .... JEANNE C. TRAPHAGEN, B.S., Minneapolis. Eta K Sigma Upsilonq Y.W.C.A.g A,W,S.g War Chest 2-4-3 Snow , H,,3,,,,,V, If V Week 27 Freshman Week 2-4. Va f wr y A I I I X 0 ,J ,ai , .M,. MARION B. H. TWEETEN, Bs., Spring ofava. Phi Delta' .K Business Women's Club: Concert Band . . . ARDELL B. VOLD, 21,2 izll B.S., Moorhead. Concordia College. Business Women's Club: H5 ' ' If Phi Delta . . . ROSEMARY voss, Bs., Minneapolis. EDWARD l. WAISS, B.S., Minneapolis . . . DORIS WAITE BS., Breckenridge . . . DONALD WILLETT, BS., Minneapolis Zeta Psi, secretary: Alpha Sigma Pig Varsity Hockey Manager '66 VERLIE MAE ZIEGLER, B.S., Wyandotte. I MARY M. WOLFF, B.S., Buffalo. St. Olaf College. Delta Zeta: .-.fa-ga 'f 'nf f , f . i , f. . Y Eta Sigma Llpsilon honorary education Back row: Dominguez, Thomas, Skocdopole, Foote, Bravis, Saari. Second row: Erickson, Stout, Gulbrandson, Brix, Belford, Sam, Bloom. Front row: Siegel, Riedesel, Kegel, Ross, Traphagen, Vollbrecht. lass 3.1 we 97 College of Engineering Dean Lind and Dean Leland Q 1 Samuel C. Lind, dean of the lnstitute of Technology. Ora M. Leland, dean of Engineering Administration The engineering V-I2 unit at Minnesota was among the largest in the country: and the well-lmown Oak Street lab was crowded this year with men in navy blue. The scene on the lower right was typical of almost any hour of the day. James J. Ryan, lower left, was one ot the men put in charge of training V-I2 men: but this was only part of his war worlr for he, like many other members of the faculty, carried on outside research in the mechanical engineering department. 99 ENGINEERIING ROBERT R. ABRAHAMS, B.Ch.E, and B.B.A., Minneapolis. Phi Epsilon Pi, president 4, Phi Lambda Upsilong Engineers Day committee 2-33 Techno-Log l-4, board 4 . . . ROBERT FRAN- CIS ADAMS, B.M.E., Minneapolis. A.S.M.E., Varsity basketball, tennis . . . GORDON E. ANDERSON, B.Ch.E. Duluth. Duluth Junior College. A.I.Ch.E. ROBERT RUSSELL ANDERSON, B.Aero.E., St. Paul. Theta Tau: Tau Omego, l.Aero.S .... WALTER L. ANDERSON, B.E.E.. St. Paul. Eta Kappa Nu: Tau Beta Pi, president 4, A.l.E.E., Camera Club . . . ALBERT D. ANNAND. B.MinesE., Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Sigma Rho, president 4, Mines Society: A.l.M.E., Bookstore Board. DEAN F. BABCOCK, B.E.E., Minneapolis. Phi Gamma Delta, A.l.E.E., l.R.E., Board ot Publications 3-4: Gopher 3-4, Techno- Log 3, Track 2-4, V-I2 . . . DONALD F. BAER, B,Aero.E., Wadena. Alpha Tau Omega, Plumb Bob 4, Gopher 3, Techno- Log 2-4, layout editor 3-4, Band l, Track I . . . GEORGE L. BARNARD, B.Met.E., Minneapolis. FRED EARL BARRON, B.E.E., Minneapolis. Kappa Eta Kappa, president, Eta Kappa Nu, A.l.E.E .... FRANCIS BAUSER, B.M.E., South St. Paul. A.S.M.E .... CHARLES K. BERG, B.Arch.E., New Richmond, Wisconsin. River Falls State Teachers College. Architectural Students Council 3-4, Bookstore Board 3-4, R.O.T.C. 2-3. LEE M. BERLIN, B.Ch,E., Buhl. Hibbing Junior College. Alpha Chi Sigma, president, A.l.Ch.E., Hibbing Engineers Club, presi- dent sophomore class Hibbing Junior College . . . ALEXAN- DER G. BEZAT, B.Ch.E., Minneapolis. A.l.Ch.E., R.O.T.C, I . . . ROLLIS JOHN BISHOP, B.M.E., Park Rapids. Hamline. Phi Kappa Psi, president, A.S.M.E., Engineers Day 2, lntertraternity council 4, Freshman Football, Intramural athletics. LOUIS BLAZEK, B.M.E., Lidgerwood, North Dakota. North Dakota State College. Theta Chi, A.S.M.E .... QUENTIN BOHNE, B.Civil E., Willmar. A,S.C.E., president, Chi Upsilon, president, Christian Fellowship League . . . H. JAMES BOYD, B.E.E., Alexandria. Alpha Tau Omega, A.l.E,E. BARTON BROWN, B.Ch.E., Minneapolis. . . ROBERT G. BRUCE, B.Mech.E., Minneapolis. Anchor and Chain, A.S.M.E., Commons Club, V-I2 . , . WILLARD BRYANT BUCK, B.Aero.E., Newington, Connecticut. Triangle, Mortar and Ball, Pi Phi Chi, A.l.E.S., Ski Club, Inter Pro Ball committee 3, R.O.T.C., Cadet Otlicers Club. JOHN ARTHUR BURT, B.Aero.E., St. Paul. Canterbury Club, l.Aero.S. Cosmopolitan Club, president . . . MYRON CARL- SON, B.Ch.E., Gilbert. Virginia Junior College, A.l.Ch,E. . . . ROGER V. CARLSON, B.Ch.E., Minneapolis. A.l.Ch.E. MAURICE R. CARVER, B.Ch.E., Minneapolis. A.l.Ch.E. . . . THOMAS H. CAVANAUGH, Goodhue. Rochester Junior Col- lege. Alpha Chi Sigma, A.l.E,E ..., LEONARD W. CHRIS- TENSEN, B.E.E.. Minneapolis. Macalester l-2. Triangle, presi- dent, A.I.E.E. IOO Rf Q 1. 5 5 ENGINEERING EARL J. CHRISTENSEN, B.Aero.E., Albert Lea, Alloert Lea Junior' College. l.Aero.S .... JAMES M. CORCORAN, B.Aero.E., Minneapolis. Tau Omega: l.Aero.S .... WILLARD R. CRAW- FORD, B,Ch.E., I-libbing. Chi Xi: A.I.Ch.E.: Pioneer Executive Council I. GILBERT HERMAN DAMMANN, B.Aero.E., Norwood. Ma- calester. Amigo . . . ROGER DEAN, B.Aero.E., St. Peter. Gustavus Adolphus l. Theta Tau: l.Aero.S .... WARD BRAINERD DENNIS, B.Aero.E., Detroit Lalces, Alpha Delta Phi: lntertraternity council. WORRELL DEUSER, B.E.E., Bemidji. Bemidji State Teachers College. Kappa Eta Kappa: A.l.E.E .... NORBERT A. DIER- SEN, B.CivilE., Caledonia. Chi Epsilon, president: Tau Beta Pi: A.S.C.E.: Plumb Bob: Gamma Delta: Technology Commission. . . . ELMER DINESON, B.M.E., Minneapolis. A.S.M.E,: Ameri- can Eoundrymen's Association. SAXE DOBRIN, B.Ch.E., Minneapolis. Sigma Alpha Sigma: A.l.Ch.E.: Techno-Log board . . . JAMES F. DOELL, C,CivilE., Minneapolis. Theta Xi, president: A.S.C.E .... WILLIAM ROBERT DOUGHERTY, B.Aero.E., Minneapolis. St. Thomas I-2: l.Aero.S. RUSSELL C. DUNCAN, JR., B.Aero.E., Minneapolis. Psi Up- silon: Anchor and Chain: Pershing Rifles: l.Aero.S.: University Flying Clulo: R.O.T.C .... PHILANDER AUSTIN DURKEE, B.E.E.. St. Paul. Macalester. Kappa Eta Kappa: A.l.E.E. . . . ROBERT L. EDSBERG, B.Ch.E., Cloquet. Duluth Junior College, A.l.Ch.E. SHERMAN S. EDWARDS, B.Aero.E., Albert Lea. Tau Omega: l.Aero.E.: l.Aero.S .... RAYMOND D. EKLUND, Minneapo- lis, B.M.E.: A.S.M.E .... BERNARD C. EKMAN, B.E.E., Alex- andria. St. Thomas. Professors of engineering Ryer- son and Ackerman were among the many faculty members en- gaged in technical research along with their academic worlr. IOI Busy as he is with his duties as head of the engineering school, Dean Lind often 'cakes time out for chemical research with Mr. Armstrong. ENGINEERING CARL D. ELVING, B.M.E., Excelsior. A.S.M.E .... JOHN W. ENDAHL, B.M.E.: St. Paul. A.S.M.E .... RICHARD E. ENG- DAHL, B.M.E., Minneapolis. Silver Spur 3: Techno-Log I-3, business manager: Engineers Day I: R.O.T.C. ARTHUR E. ENGVALL, B.Ch.E., Minneapolis. A.l.Ch.E. . . . LEIF WILLIAM ERICKSON, B.Aero.E., Minneapolis. l.Aero.S. . . . MEHMET H. ERTEN, B.MinesE., Turkey. Lycee cle Gazi Autep. Cosmopolitan Club: 2nd Lieut. Turkish Army. EDWARD FALKENSTROM, B.Aero.E., Detroit, Michigan. Del- ta Chi: Tau Omega: University Flying Club: l.Aero.S .... DONALD G. FERRON, B.Ch.E.,'White Bear. Phi Sigma Phi: Band I-3 . . . WILLIAM KNIGHT FOULKE, B.Aero.E., Min- neapolis. Beta Theta Pi: V-IZ. HAROLD WILLIAM GEE, B.M.E., Minneapolis. A.S.M.E. . . . GEORGE G. GEELAN, B.Aero.E., Minneapolis. Alpha Tau Omega: l.Aero.S.: University Flying Club: Newman Club: Football I-3 . . . JEROME R. GIANTVALLEY, B.E.E., St. Paul. Phi Kappa Psi: A.l.E.E. 2-4: Plumb Bob 4: Pershing Rifles I-2: Pi Tau Sigma 2-3: Techno-Log 2-4, Eclitor 4. DENNIS GILBERTSON, B.Ch.E., Marshall, A.l.Ch.E. 2-4: Band 2 ...EDWIN GILKEY, B.Civil.E., Waclena. A.S.C.E. . . . JOHN M. GILMAN, B.Ch.E., St. Cloucl. St. John's University. Phi Kappa Psi: A.l.Ch.E. PERRY DANIEL GOLDBERG, B.M.E., Minneapolis. Sigma Al- pha Sigma: Anchor and Chain: Mines Society: Techno-Log Board: lntertraternity council: N.R.O.T.C.: Basketball I . . . ALLAN S. GOLDFARB, B.E.E., Duluth. A.l.E.E.: A.l.R.E.: Hillel Foundation: Cosmopolitan Club: Campus War Chest: Lambda Alpha Psi winner: University symphony . . . PHILIP J. GOLD- HAMMER, B.C.E,, Newark, New Jersey. A.S.C.E. 2-4: Chi Ep- silon 3-4: Intramural basketball 3-4. IO2 E N G I N E E R I N G LLOYD F. GONYEA, B.Ch.E., Minneapolis. Alpha Chi Sigma: A.l.Ch.E., president: Technical Commission, treasurer: Phi Lambda Upsilon: Tau Beta Pi . . . MILTON GOODMAN, B.Ch.E., Minneapolis. Sigma Alpha Sigma: A.I.Ch.E .... MELVIN GORDON, B.E.E., Albert Lea. Sigma Alpha Mu. DANIEL J. GREENWALD, JR., B.M.E., Minneapolis. A.S.M.E.: Engineers Day, committee 3, co-chairman 4: Senior Prom com- mittee: Techno-Log: Ritle Team , . . RONALD G. GRIDLEY, B.M.E., Minneapolis. A.S.M.E .... RAYMOND L. GRISMER, B.M.E., Minneapolis. Sigma Alpha Epsilon: Phoenix 3: Pi Tau Sigma 3-4: Union Board, dance sponsor 3-4: Homecoming Chairman 4: Freshman Weelc dance chairman. ROGER HOLM GROHS, B.Aero.E., St. Paul. Tau Omega: I.A.S .... DONALD W. GRUNDITZ, B.M.E., Minneapolis. A.S.M.E.: Pi Tau Sigma: Tau Beta Pi . . . PAUL G. GUSTAF- SON, B.Ch.E., St. Paul. A.S.C.E.: Inter-varsity Christian Fellow- ship, president JOHN HAACK, B.M.E., Pine River. A.S.M.E.: American Foun- drymans Assn.: University Band I-3 . . . RICHARD M. HAGEN, B.M.E., Hopkins . . . JAMES M. HAINING, B.Ch.E., Minneapolis. A.S.C.E.: R.O.T.C. I. - RICHARD F. HAMMEL, B.Arch.E., Owatonna. Acacia, presi- dent: Phoenix: All University Council, treasurer 2-4: Architec- tural Student Council, president: Technical Commission 4: V-I2 . . . JACK H. HAMMERSTEN, B.M,E., St. Paul. A.S.M.E. . . . LLOYD SIDNEY HARRIS, B.M.E., Minneapolis. Sigma Alpha Sigma: A.S.M.E. JOHN HEIERTZ, B.E.E., St. James. St. Thomas. Kappa Eta Kappa: A.l.E.E.: Eta Kappa Mu 3-4 . . . ALVIN T. HESBY, B.Aero.E., Utica. Rochester Junior College. l.Aero.S. . .. CHARLES GLADSTONE HEISIG, B.Ch.E., Minneapolis, Alpha Chi Sigma 2-4: A.l.Ch.E.: Silver Spur 3. HARLAND K. HITE, B.Aero.E., St. Paul. Anchor and Chain: R.O.T.C. I-2 . . . CHARLES ALBERT HOFFMAN, B.Aero.E.. Minneapolis. R.O.T.C., Cadet Corporal . . . JOHN W. HOG- AN, B.E.E., Duluth. Duluth Junior College. Eta Kappa Nu: A.l.E.E. BERTEN A. HOLMBERG, B.E.E., Foley. Kappa Eta Kappa: A.l.E.E.: W.L.B, 2-4 . . . FRANK PAUL ILENDA, B.Met.E.. Duluth. Duluth Junior College. A.l.M.E.: A.S.M. 4: A.F.A. . . . ROBERT JAMES JOHNSON, B.Ch.E., Littletorlc. Con- cordia College. A.I.Ch.E.: Baslcetball I. ROBERT R. JOHNSON, B.M.E., St. Paul. A.S.M.E., R.O.T.C. l . . . ROGER A. JOHNSON, B.Aero.E., Duluth. l.Aero.S. . . . PAULJUNG, B.Ch.E., Minot, N. D. Minot State Teachers College I: A.l.Ch.E. IO3 ENGINEERING J. ROBERT KANERVA, B.Ch.E., Duluth. Duluth Junior College. Alpha Chi Sigma: A.l.Ch.E. 3-4 . . . RUSSELL KARPENKO, B.M.E., Voltaire, N. D. North Dakota University. A.S.M.E. . . . ADRIAN PETER HARVEY KELLER, B.Aero.E., St. Paul. Tau Omega. ARTHUR KEMPPAINEN, B.E.E., Swan River. A.I.E.E.: Eta Kap- pa Nu: Tau Beta Pi . . . DONALD KERSTEN, B.Ch.E., Rochester. Rochester Junior College. Alpha Chi Sigma: A.I.Ch.E. . . . LAWRENCE G. KIRCHER, B.Aero.E., Olivia. Tau Omega: Pershing Rifles. DONALD E. KLOSS, B.C.E., Maple Lake. A.S.C.E. . . . HARRY A. KOCK, B.Aero.E., St. Paul. Macalester I: l.Aero.S.: Aero Ball ticlcet chairman: Technolog Board Representative: l.Aero.S. class representative . . . ROBERT F. KORSMO, B.Aero.E., Minneapolis. Phi Gamma Delta: l.Aero,S., vice president: lntertraternity Council. THEODORE JAMES KOTOMIAS, B.S., I-libbing. l-libbing Junior College, I.A.S .... ROBERT F. KOZLIK, B.Ch.E., Haugen, Wis. Alpha Chi Sigma: A.l.Ch.E.: Baseball I . . . ALFONS KRAUS, B.A.E., Minneapolis. Triangle: Pi Phi Chi: I.A.E.S.: Engineers Day: Wrestling. WARREN J. KRAUSE, B,M.E., Wadena, Pi Tau Sigma: A.S.M.E. 3-4 . . . JACK KRUEGER, B.E.E., St. Paul. Kappa Eta Kappa: A.l.E.E.: A.E.A .... ROBERT E. KRUSE, B.Aero.E., Coeur d'AIene, Idaho, North Idaho Junior College. Tau Omega: l.Aero.S. WILLIAM JAMES KURZEKA, B.M.E., Minneapolis. A.S.M.E.: Commons Club: Tech. Commission, secretary: A.S.M.E., presi- dent: R.O.T.C. I-2: Intramural I-Ioclcey champs 4 . . . CLIF- FORD KVALNESS, B.M.E., Minneapolis. A.S.M.E .... HOW- ARD J. LANG, B.Aero.E. and B.B.A., Benson. Alpha Kappa Psi, president 3-4: Tau Omega. HOWARD C. LANGPAP, B.M.E,, Tracy. A.S.M.E.: Football I-4 . . . EDWARD LANTZ, A.Ch.E., Mapleton. Alpha Chi Sigma: Tau Beta Pi: Phi Lambda Upsilon: A.l.Ch.E .... GLENN LARSON, B.M.E., Minneapolis. Commons Club I-4: Grey Eriars 4: Y.M.C.A. I-4: A.S.M.E. 2-4. VERNON L. LARSON, B.Ch.E., Starbuck. Luther College. Al- pha Chi Sigma: A.l.Ch.E ..., EUGENE J. LEADON, B.Aero.E., Minneapolis. St. Thomas College. Phi Gamma Delta: l.Aero.S., secretary 4 . . , CHARLES RICHARD LEEF, B.Aero.E., Minne- apolis. I.Aero.S.: Tau Omega. ROBERT JOHN LEPICH, B.Aero.S., Minneapolis . . . MILTON LEVENSON, B.Ch.E., Northfield. A.l.Ch.E.: All Chemistry Ban- quet Chairman 4: R.O.T.C ..., ALTON G. LEVORSON, B.A.E., Brooten. A.S.A.E. I-4: Plumb Bob 4. IO4 any I ENGINEERING EARL R. LINNE. B.E.E., Duluth. Duluth Junior College. A.l.E.E.: l.R.E.: Phi Theta Kappa: Eta Kappa Nu: Tau Beta Pi . . . ROBERT M. LINSMAYER, B.M.E., Minneapolis. Phi Kappa Psi: Anchor and Chain, skipper: A.S.M.E.: Tau Beta Pi: Phoe- nix: Pi Tau Sigma, president: Grey Eriars: N.R.O.T.C., Battalion Commander . . . BYRON LJUNG, B.Ch.E., Alexandria. Ham- line University. Alpha Chi Sigma: A.l.Ch.E.: A.Ch.S. RICHARD LONEY, B.M.E., St. Paul. St. Thomas College. A.S.M.E .... WALTER N. LUNDAHL, B.E.E., Hopkins. Kappa Eta Kappa, l-4, president 4: Eta Kappa Nu 3-4, vice presi- dent 4: A.l.E.E. I-4: V-I2 . . . LESLIE N. LUNDSTROM, B.Aero.E., Minneapolis. Phi Kappa Psi. MELVIN MARK, B.M.E., St. Paul. Coast Guard Academy l-2: Phi Epsilon Pi: Pi Tau Sigma 3-4: Tau Beta Pi 4: A.S.M.E. 3-4: M Club 4: Variety Dance sponsor: Union Board ot Gov- ernors 3-4: Technolog Board 3-4: Technolog Columnist: Tennis 4 . . . H. ROBERT MATHWICH, B.E.E., Gaylord. A.l.E.E.: Tau Beta Pi: Eta Kappa Nu ...CHARLES E. MATSON, B.C.E., Nashwaulc. Hibloing Junior College. A.l.Ch.E. STUART MCCULLOUGH, B.E.E., Hibbing. Hibbing Junior College. Tau Beta Pi: Eta Kappa Nu: A.l.E.E.: A.E.A .... WILLIAM WALBERT MCGUIRE, B.Aero.E., St. Paul. Phi Gam- ma Delta: l.Aero,S.: University Flying Club: Alpha Phi Chi: Swimming l . . .JOHN RICHARD McMlLLlN, B.Aero.E.. St. Paul. HAROLD R. MELIN, B.Ch.E., Cloquet. A.l.Ch.E .... LEO- MARD PALMER MELLGREN, B.M.E., Minneapolis. A.SM.E.: Y.M.C.A .... ROBERT MEULENERS, B.Cl1.E., Cologne. WALLACE K. MEYERS, B.C.E., Minneapolis . . HARVEY A. MILLER, B.E.E., Minneapolis. Kappa Eta Kappa: Eta Kappa Nu: A.l.E.E .... NEIL MILLER, B.Ch.E., Brainerd. Brainerd .lunior College l: University ol Wisconsin 2. lO5 As professor of astronomy Wil lem Luyten had charge of teach ing army and navy students the techniques of navigating Dan Greenwald, Roger Williams, and Jerome Schwab, chairmen of the great Engineers' Day this year examine the sword that Imighted St. Pat. ENGINEERING ROBERT MILLER, B.Aero.E., Mishicot, Wis. Colorado State College. Alpha Tau Omega: Alpha Phi Chi: I.Aero.S.: R.O.T.C. I-2 . . . DARYL G. MITTON, B.Ch.E., Shawano, Wis. Tau Beta Pi: Phi Lambda Upsilon: A.I.Ch.E .... KENNETH W. MOGREN, B.Aero.E., St. Paul. NEWTON CARLYLE MOHN, B.E.E., Trail. Bemidji State Teachers College I-2: Kappa Eta Kappa: A.l.E.E.: Lutheran Students Association: University Council ot Religion . . . RAYMOND E. MONAHAN, B.Aero.E., Minneapolis. St. Thomas College I-2. I.Aero.S .... DAVID F. MORGAN, B.Ch.E., Minneapolis. A.I.Ch.E. PERRY MORGAN, B.Ch.E., Minneapolis. Phi Lambda Upsilon: A.Ch.S., president 4: R.O.T.C. I-2 . . . LEO D. MOSIER, B.C.E., Minneapolis. A.S.C.E .... ROBERT EDWARD MUEL- LER, B.M.E., Minneapolis. Anchor and Chain: A.S.M.E., vice president: N.R.O.T.C. DONALD E. NELSON, B.C.E., Minneapolis. A.S.C.E. . . . RICHARD K. NELSON, B.Aero.E., Minneapolis . . . I. WIN- STON NELSON, B.E.E., Evansville. Macalester. Triangle: A.I.E.E. KARL EDWIN NEUMEIER, B.Aero.E., Stillwater. Sigma Alpha Epsilon: Tau Omega: l.Aero.S .... PHILIP A. NOLAN, B.Ch.E., I-Iastings. Triangle, president: Technolog business statt . . . ROBERT G. NORELL, B.Aero.E., Minneapolis. NORMAN WALLACE DELIN, B.Aero.E., Minneapolis. l.Aero.S. 3-4 . . . HARRY JOHN NOVAK, B.E.E., New Prague. St. Johns University. Kappa Eta Kappa: A.l.E.E.: Pi Phi Chi: War Chest Drive . . . JOHN HUGH O'BRIEN, B.Aero.E., Minne- apolis. I.Aero.S.: Tau Beta Pi: Tau Omega: V-I2 representa- tive to Union Board ot Governors: V-I2. IO6 ,ai 3 ENGINEERING PAUL EDWARD OLSON, B.Arch.E., Minneapolis. Architec- tural Student Council, president: Tech Commission . . . ROB- ERT C. OLSON, B.Ch.E., Duluth. Duluth Junior College. A.l.Ch.E.: Tau Beta Pi . . . ROBERT WILLIAM OLSON, B.Ch.E., Rush City. A.l.Ch.E. VICTOR WILLIAM OLSON, B.Ch.E., Minneapolis. A.l.Ch.E. . . . PETER L. ORLICH, B.Ch.E., Duluth. Duluth Junior Col- lege. A.l.Ch.E .... VJAYNE E. PARRIOTT, B.Aero.E., St. Paul. KENNETH CHARLES PARSON, B.M.E., Redwood Falls. A.S.M.E .... GEORGE F. PEARSON, B.M.E. and B.B.A., A.S.M.E,: Engineers Day, Button Sales Chairman . . . VERNE A. PECK, B.M.E., Minneapolis. Grey Friars 4, secretary: Commons Club 2-4, vice president: A.S.M.E. 2-4: Y.M.C.A. Cabinet 2-4: Sophomore Class Cabinet 2: Co-chairman Freshman Leadership Camp 3-4: Campus War Chest 4: Co-chairman Marriage Course 4: Y.M.C.A. treasurer 3: Tennis. N. LEONARD PERSSON, B.Ch.E., St. Paul. Alpha Chi Sigma 2-4: A.l.Ch.E. 4: Inter-Pro Council 3. . . KEITH ALVIN PETERSON, B.E.E., Duluth. Duluth Junior College. Wesley Foundation 4, treasurer: Slci Club 3: Executive Council Pioneer Hall Mens Assn. 4: V-I2 . . . LLOYD PICARD, B.Ch.E., St. Paul. Delta Tau Delta: A.l.Ch.E. JUDSON SAMUEL POND, B.M.E., St. Paul. A.S.M.E. 2-4: R.O.T.C. I-2 . . . EDWARD L. PROSZEK, B.E.E. and B.B.A.. Minneapolis. Kappa Eta Kappa: Eta Kappa Nu: Silver Spur: Iron Wedge, president: A.l.E.E., secretary-treasurer: Techno- log Stati and Board, chairman: Tech Commission, vice presi- dent: All Tech Picnic chairman: Engineers Day Sunlite Chair- man . . . ARNOLD O. PUKKILA, B.Ch.E., Hibbing. I-Iibbing Junior College. A.l.Ch.E. FRED R. RAAK, B.M.E., St. Paul. A.S.M.E.: A.F.A.: Rifle Team . , . THOMAS A. REED, B.Aero.E., Fargo, N. D. North Dakota State College. Sigma Chi: A.S,M.E.: l.Aero.S.: Intra- mural Golt, Bowling, Football: R.O.T.C .... OWEN A. REF- LING, B.Aero.E., Drake, N. D. St. Olaf College. Tau Omega 3-4: Tau Beta Pi 4: l.Aero.S. 3-4. HAROLD FRED RING, B.C.E.. Minneapolis. Sigma Alpha Mui Sigma Alpha Sigma: A.S.C.E.: R.O.T.C .... HERBERT DAVID ROCHEN, B.Aero.E., Jamaica, N. Y. I.Aero.E.: Fencing Club: Technolog, Malce-up Editor . . . WARREN R. ROSE, B.E.E., St. Paul. Lake Forest College I. Digamma Alpha Upsilon. KEITH F. ROSECRANS, B.E.E., Minneapolis. A.l.E.E. . .. EDWARD J. RUPERT, B.Met,E., Eveleth. Eveleth Junior Col- lege. Theta Tau: A.S.M .... JAMES R. RUSTAD, B.Aero.E., Fergus Falls. l.Aero.S.: Pioneer Hall House Council 3: Gopher Photographer 3-4: Daily Photographer 4: Technolog Photog- rapher. JOHN W. ST. VINCENT, B.Met.E., I-libbing. I-libbing Junior College. Theta Tau: Mines Society: Christian Science Organi- zation . . . ROBERT MELVIN SCANLON, B.Ch.E., Spooner. Wis. Hamline University I-2. Alpha Chi Sigma? A.l.Ch.E.I A.F.A. 3-4 . . , LAWRENCE G. SCHREINER, B.M.E., Gibbon. A.S.M.E. 3-4: Newman Foundation 2-4. IO7 ENGINEERING LLEWELLYN C. SCHULER, B.Aero.E., Phillips, Wis. University ot Wisconsin. I.Aero.S ..., MICHAEL C. SCHULTZ, B.Ch.E., Lamberton. A.l.Ch.E. . . JEROME JOSEPH SCHWAB, B.M.E., St. Paul. St. Thomas College, Theta Tau: A.S.M,E. 3-4: Campus Chest, I.T. chairman 4: Inter Pro Representative 4: Engineers Day, Co-chairman 4: Technolog 4: Basketball 3-4. STANLEY E. SIMON, B.Ch.E., St. Paul. A.I.Ch.E.: All U. Boxing Champion: R.O.T.C., boxing champion . . . JACK E. SLATKY, B.Aero.E., Portland, Ore. Sigma Alpha Epsilon, president 4: Phoenix 3: Sophomore Class Cabinet 2: Junior Class Cabinet 3: lntertraternity council, Executive council: Tau Omega 4: Presi- dent Board ot Directors, Fraternity: Track l:V-I2 . . . MILTON SLONE, B.Ch.E., Minneapolis. Sigma Alpha Sigma: A.I.Ch.E. WARREN L. SNIDER, B.Ch.E., St. Paul Park. Augsburg I. Alpha Chi Sigma: A.I.Ch.E .... ALEXANDER SOWYRDA, B.Aero.E., Middleboro, Mass. Tau Omega: l.Aero.S.: University Flying Club: Tech Commission: President I.Aero.S .... ROBERT F. SPETI-i, B.Aero.E., Madison, Wis. Beta Theta Pi, president: Tau Beta Pi, vice pres.: Tau Omega, secretary: l.Aero.S.: War Chest, Fraternity co-chairman: lntertraternity Council, secretary-treasurer. JAMES R. STAHMANN, B.E.E., Winona. Winona State Teach- ers College. Theta Chi: Eta Kappa Nu . . . LYLE C. STEIN- MEIER, B.Ch.E., Bottineau, N. D. North Dakota School ot For- estry . . . RALPH STENEHJEM, B.Ch.E., Park Falls, Wis. WILLIAM E. STERLING, B.M.E., Rockford, III. Sigma Alpha Epsilon: A.S.M.E .... MARGARET STICKLES, B.Aero.E., Min- neapolis. Pi Delta Nu I-3: l.Aero.S .... TRUMAN M. STICK- NEY, B.Aero.E., Crookston. l.Aero.S. ROBERT G. STONE, B.Ch.E., Minneapolis . . . LAURENCE NICHOLAS STREFF, B.Ch.E., Canby. Tracy Junior College. Al- pha Chi Sigma: Newman Club 3-4: A.I.Ch.E, 3-4 . . . DONALD HILTON SWANSON, B,Ch.E., Minneapolis. A.Ch.S.: A.I.Ch.E.: Boxing. LOREN E. SWANSON, B.E.E., St. Paul. A.l.E.E .... JACK E. TAYLOR, B.Aero.E.. St. James . . .JAMES A. THAYER, B.Aero.E., Minneapolis. l.Aero.S. H. WEBSTER THOMPSON, B.E.E., Minneapolis. Triangle, treas- urer . . . KENNETH L. THURNBURY, B.Aero.E., St. Paul. Phi Sigma Kappa: l.Aero.S .... STANLEY TINGQUIST, B.M.E., Becker. Pi Tau Sigma: A.S.M.E.: A.F.A. ROBERT F. TURNER, B.Aero.E., Pine City. Sigma Nu: l.Aero.E.: lntertraternity Council: Executive Board: University Chorus: R.O.T.C .... ROBERT L. TURNER, B.Ch.E., St. Paul. Alpha Chi Sigma 2-4: Wesley Foundation 3-4: A.l.Ch.E.: Pi Phi Chi 4 . . . WILLIAM J. UBER, B.Ch.E., Duluth. Duluth Junior College. Alpha Chi Sigma: A.I.Ch.E. 3-4. IO8 WW ENGINEERING WARREN HENRY UNDERWOOD, B.Aero.E., Minneapolis. Theta Tau: Tau Omega: I,Aero.S.: Interfraternity Basketball and Bowling . . . MAURICE R. VALINE, B.Aero.E., St. Paul. Bethel Junior College. Inter-varsity Christian Fellowship, V-I2 . . . CLARENCE ROBERT VOLP, B.C.E., Minneapolis. St. Thomas College. Chi Epsilon, vice president: Plumb Bob 4: A.S.C.E., president 4. FRED C. WAGNER, B.E,E., Minneapolis. A.I.E.E.: Gymnastics I-2 . . . GAYLORD WALL, B.E.E., Mountain Lalce. A.I.E.E. . .. RICHARD G. WARNER, JR., B.Ch.E., Fort Wayne, Ind. Sigma Alpha Epsilon. ROBERT WELSCHER, B.Ch.E., Minneapolis. Pershing Rifles: A.I.Ch.E .... DAVID HARRY WESTWOOD, B.E.E., North- field. St. Olaf College I. A.l.E.E.: Tau Beta Pi: Eta Kappa Nu: Lutheran Student Association . . . JOHN L. WHALEY, B.Ch.E., St. Paul. St. Thomas College I-2. Alpha Chi Sigma: A.I.Cl'i.E. ROGER G. WILLIAMS, B.M.E., Minneapolis. Commons Club 3-4: A.S.M.E.: Engineers Day, treasurer 3, co-chairman 4: Senior Prom co-chairman: All U. Council 3-4: Senior Class Cabinet 4: Y.M.C.A, committees: R.O.T.C .... RUSSELL C. WILSHU- SEN, B.Aero.E., Fergus Falls. l.Aero.S .... DAN E. WINKER, B.Aero.E., Randall. Triangle: l.Aero.S.: Rifle Team: Basic R.O.T.C. LELAND WORKMAN, B.Aero.E., Brainerd. l.Aero.S.: R.O.T.C. I-2 . . . FRED R. YOUNGREN, B.Aero.E., Cloquet. Duluth Junior College. Tau Omega . . . JOHN C. ZEMLIN, B.Ch.E., Minneapolis. Pershing Rifles I-2: R.O.T.C. I-2. JOHN C. OLSON, B.C.E., Duluth. Duluth Junior College. A.S.C.E .... KENNETH A. OLSON, B.E.E., Minneapolis. Gym team 2 . . . MILES B. OLSON, B.M.E., St. Paul. Theta Tau 3-4, president 4: Iron Wedge 4: Plumb Bob 4: A.S.M.: A.S.M.E., 2-4: A.E.A. 2-4, secretary 3: Tech Commission, presi- dent: All U. Council 3-4. In the mechanical engineering department, regular war work was going on-with students as operators and managers-filling contracts for Twin City plants. I09 W fax no. 1vfY321s.' ., 1XiZ1,k I' ., . 'f Back Row: Turner, Buckles, Cavanaugh, Larson, Vodonik, Burtis, Gonyea, Tobin. Fifth Row: Coyner, Lehmicke, Uber, James, Ljung, Scanlon, Snider, Eakins. Fourth Row: Tess, Heisig, Cutler, Kanerva, Persson, Kersten, Flesch, White. Third Row: Zapf, Carlson, Madden, Kozlik, Gorecki, Lantz, Streitz, Wethern. Second Row: Hanson, Richter, Schroeder, Whaley, Williams, Fischer, Garner, Hubbard. First Row: Streff, Hass, Arnold, Berlin, Sauer, Neville, Stenehjem. 6l3 Oak Street Southeast University of Wisconsin, 1902 Minnesota Beta, l904 .1 Alpha hi Sigma professional chemistry merican Society of Civil Engineers civil engineering Back Row: Adams, Lcvgren, Preston, Thomas, Diersen, Bather, Eickhof, Nelson. Third Row: Mosier, Goldhammer, Doell, Swenson, Sullivan, Gustafson, Schularick. Second Row: Hoyt, Ring, Morehouse, Kloss, Heins, Spartz, Haining. First Row: Olson, Jacobs, Bohne, Cutler, Volp, Neubauer, Mohr. Ain. l Back Row: Peterson, Delin, Kruse, Ashford, Piccard, Leef, Berg. fx- 'ff Fourth Row: Monahan, Hesby, Workman, Nodland, Legler, Leadon, Corcoran, Nelson. Third Row: Schuler, Bodin, Iverson, Grohs, Foulke, Speth, Refling. Second Row: Shanks, Martin, Simpson, Rochen, Kircher, Mogren, Feldman, Underwood. First Row: Ruszai, Edwards, Neumeier, Sowyrda, Hartman, Ackerman, Brom. Institute of Aero Science ,-f aeronautical engineering Kappa Eta Kappa electrical engineering Back Row: Brown, Johnson, Mattison, Frey, Leitze, Kline, Durkee. Second Row: Novak, Fritze, Wulkan, Mohn, Krueger, Lee, Holmberg. First Row: Watkins, Heiertz, Hohman, Miller, Deuser, Barron, Carter. V V af .f-225, ,nv-ms wr-' Back Row: Grismer, Jokela, Tingquist, Mark, Hauser Front Row: Grunditz, DuPriest, Linsmayer, Schwalbe Krause Pi Tau Sigm mechanical engineering Plumb Bob honorary engineering Back Row: Volp. Proszek, Engstrom, Baer, Olson. First Row: Carter, Andrews, Giantvalley, Dierson, ar Back Row: Linsmayer, Diersen, Berg, Mark, Mathwich, Gonyea. Second Row: Grunditz, Bal:zli, O'Brien, Harkman, Speth, Mitton. First Row: Schwalbe, Olson, Stanchfield, Anderson, Refling, McCullough. Tau Beta Pi honorary engineering Tau Omega honorary aeronautical Back Row: Grohs, Corcoran, Keller, Kruse, Youngren, Leef, Berg. Second Row: Edwards, Feldman, Underwood, Anderson, Soyryrda, Katkov. First Row: Shanks, Refling, Speth, Ruszav, Hartman, Neumeier, Falkenstrom. ff ,H ,V 1' L lvl If E Back Row: Eggers, St. Vincent, Kiriluk, Brand, Swanson, Prusak, Hokenson. Second Row: Jacobson, Schwab, Underwood, Schuler, Rupert, Dean, Carlson. Farsi Row: Regrelin, Comstock, Bergsman, Olson, Anderson, Teske, Lt. Johnson. Theta Tau professional engineering Triangl professional engineering Back Row: Samdahl, Kujawa, Johnson, Griebenow, Burgett, Akre. Third Row: Spies, Harris, Nolan, Jordan, WOIH, Ashenbrucker. Second Row: Hosterman, Lanclstrom, Peterson Martinson, Brede , s First Row: Winker, Legler, Thompson, Kraus, Schlenk, Christensen on, Walter. Nelson. ' gif A Ag Back Row: Slone, Scanlon, Ljung, Snider, Crawford, Flynn, Larson, Cavanaugh, Tobin, Barer. Fourth Row: Pukkrla, Johnson, Kersten, Uber, Simon, Picard, Engvall, Gilbertson, Sauer. Third Row: Lontz, Orlick, Heisig, Melin, Persson, Kanerva, Mitton, Matson. Second Row: Berlin, Bratter, Olson, R.W., Olson, R.C., Grossman, Whaley, Ferron, Nolan, Kozlik. Frrst Row: Anderson, Jung, Dobrin, Gonyea, Ludlow, Meuleners, Miller, Streff. .. h.E. A. I. E. E. Back Row: Swanson, Babcock, Thompson, Watkins, Burgett, Stahmann, Stiles, Mathwich, Durkee. Fourth Row: Giantvalley, Wall, Ekman, Miller, Johnson, D., Nelson, Barron, Deuser. Third Row: Anderson, W., Christensen, Meier, Molenaar, Westwood, Goldfarb, Madvig, Jordan, Carlson. Second Row: Olson, Krueger, Nordseth, Anderson, D., Boyd, Mohn, Hohman, Miller. First Row: Novak, Kemppainen, Carter, Kline, Proszek, Heiertz, Killen, Brown. Back Row: Bohne, Goldhammer, Diersen, Volp, Mosier, Heins. Front Row: Zelner, Cutler, Teske, Graves. Chi -1 KE' llglla MmuE.SOTA H. . 1 i . 2 l Epsilon Eta Kappa f.. Back Row: Barron, Stahmann, Stiles, Mathwich, Cummings, Proszek. Second Row: Kemppainen, Heiertz, Wittenberg, Westwood, Linne, McCullough. First Row: Hinrichs, Burgett, Miller, Anderson, Hogan, Batzli. Back Row: Gullickson, Daughenbaugh, Ordahl, Kruse, Gonyea. Second Row: Stuber, Nelson, Spees, Marvin. First Row: Bartl, Gounter, Due, Kubon, Trapp. Tec Commission igg fii? II6 Pi Delta u Back Row: Proszek, Olson, Carter. First Row: Gonyea, Diersen. V, Back Row: Kraus, Norby, Maze, Turner, Carpenter. Second Row: Magnuson, Peterson, Swanstrom, Ourada, Evert, Schwab. First Row: Novak, Neva, Sauer, Watson, Ryan, Shanks. I t C ' I a47Zg'7ffQf:6f :J 515, J 4,f.,, 1 . W, ,Q 44, 3954 USL ji General College Director orse Army classes took over classrooms- and girls. G3 rn Z rn 75 JP i- cn rn Z O Z an 4 Af I .... , f, 5 - ' " we ,Wu ,.,4,si,v.x, .YS i.,, , Horace T. Morse, director of General College LORRAINE BAILIN, AIX.. Sioux City, lowa. Sigma Delta Tau, president 4: Hillel Council: Panhellenic Council 3-4: Beta Phi Beta 4: A.W.S. I . . . MARILYN J. CHRlSTENSEN, AA., Minneapolis. Because ot the lack of manpower, many rooms in Wesbrook would have been lctt empty this year but for the military units on campus. Below is a study hall of the Air Corps- intense, aren't they? 1 x College of Law W YY4-.. Dean Fraser L A W S E N I 0 R S Everett Fraser, dean of the Law school. MORTON JOSEPH GOUSTIN, B.S.L., L.L.B., Minneapolis. Lambda Epsilon Xi, treasurer 2-3, president 4, Minnesota Law Review . . . RAYMOND H. HEGNA, L.L.B., Minneapolis. . . . DANIEL JOHN O'CONNELL, L.L.B., Saint Paul. Senior Cabinet, Law representative 4, treasurer 4. p -"' FRANCIS T. RYAN, L.L.B., Minneapolis. St. Thomas College " , 2. Gamma Eta Gamma: Veteran's Club: Law School Council: '. lnter-Professional Council . . . MARY TWEDT, L.L.B., Minne- . ' apolis. Kappa Beta Pig Y.W.C.A.7 W.S.G.A. . . . ELSIE 'l MYRTLE WOLF, L.L.B., Minneapolis. Concordia I-2. Kappa Beta Pi. 'E The Law Library was the scene of feverish activity just before finals each quarter. Skid Olson and Pat O'Connor lead the rest in a search for cases cited in class. 'TXT' la I2I v College of Medicine Directors Diehl, Bo nton and Densford Lower left: Dr. Maurice Visscher demonstrates his invention for the distillation of sea water by body heat. Lower right: Student nurses and Nurses' Aides get training un- der the expert eyes of graduate nurses. Upper right: Dr. Harold 5. Diehl, dean ot Medical Sciences. Lower right: Miss Katharine Densford, d'- rector of the School of Nursing. Below: Dr. Ruth Boynton, director of Students' Health Service. ...A Q SW Y ,125 MEDICINE CLEO M. ABBOTT, B.S., Minneapolis . . . FREDERICK von AMERONGEN, M.B., Canada. St. Thomas College. Phi Rho Sigma: A.S.T.P .... MARION T. BARTH, B.S., New Ulm. Pi Delta Nu: Newman Club. WILLIAM G. BERNSTEIN, B.M., B.S., Stillwater. Phi Delta Ep- silon: A.S.T.P ,... CAROLE L. BJORSNESS, B.S., Redwood Falls. Alpha Delta Tau . . . EUNICE M. CARLSON, B.S., War- ren. Orbs: Y.W.C.A. 2-3. ELAINE CONNERS, B.S., Minot, N. D .... VIRGINIA COUN- TER, B.S., Minneapolis. Pi Delta Nu: W.A.A .... ANGELINE DISALVO, B.S., Cumberland. Wis. Orlos. MARJORIE ANN DOE, B.S., St. Paul. Pi Delta Nu, president 4: University Ushers: Med. Tech. Council . . . BETTY EMMING- TON, B.S., R.N., Alpha Tau Delta: Public Health Nurses Club . . . ROBERT NASH EVERT, M.B., St. Paul. Haverford College. Nu Sigma Nu. QUINCY E. EORTIER, N.B., Shrensbury, Mass. Dartmouth I: Clarlc University 2-3: University ot South Dakota I-2 . .. MARIELLEN FRANK, B.S., Minneapolis. Alpha Delta Tau . . . LEO J. GEHRIG, B.M., Minneapolis. Phi Rho Sigma. MARGARET ELIZABETH GIEBENHAIN, B.S., Minneapolis. Al- pha Delta Tau: Orlns . . . LOUIS GILLMAN, B.A., B.M., St. Paul. Phi Delta Epsilon I-4: Kadimah: Hillel 2-3: Sophomore Medical Class Representative: A.S.T.U .... DONALD F. GLEASON, B.A., B.S., B.M., Litchfield. A.S.T.U. ROBERT GUTHRIE, B.S., B.A., M.S., B.M., Minneapolis. Phi Chi . . . JEAN HAGEMANN, B.S., Ellsworth, Wis. Alpha Gamma Delta: Alpha Delta Tau: W.A.A.: Y.W.C.A. I-3: Union Board Committee chairman 3: Gopher Editorial Statl 2-3: Business 2: Daily Business . . . ELIZABETH M. HALL, B.S., Duluth. Duluth .lunior College. L. IDELLE HANSON, B.S., Dawson. Alpha Delta Tau . .. BETTY HEGVOLD, B.S., G.N., Duluth. Duluth State Teachers College I. All U Council 4-5: Activities Day 5: Comstock Hall House Council 2: Senior Class Cabinet 4: Senior Prom General Arrangements Chairman 4: Campus War Chest Drive 4-5 . . . CHARLOTTE L. HELGESON, B.S., Jamestown, N. D. Alpha Delta Tau. Comstock Hall: president Ritle Team 3. FLORENCE W. HOLST, B.S., Little Falls. St. Catherines College. Alpha Delta Tau . . . MILDRED RUTH HUETTNER, B.S., Mo- bridge, S. D .... MAXINE HUGOS, B.S., Minneapolis. I24 .. "" .:y.,: ..,.. . V ,,,g . '- I-4' 'Iii . - x.. -arz.: V : -1.-2 , " - uaggqxf.. ' ' -wr ' :TIE 1- 'f X Y'-"H: r R QD' S Q Ei ,, . '. . -as 4 . 'Rx X X tx 5 1- " ...- V . , . .X Vx .rw-QQ. -s- t. 1 -f.. .ir sssssft.-, - .J - ws xy 'Q , 1 4-r eff - ' MEDICINE JANE HUMISTON, B.S., Worthington. Gamma Phi Beta: Al- pha Delta Tau . . . SHIRLEY JASSOY, B.S., St. Paul. Alpha Delta Theta . . . HELEN M. JOHNSON, B.S., Minneapolis, Alpha Delta Tau. MARGARET E. JOHNSON, B.S., Hibbing. Hilotbing Junior Col- lege . . . HELEN M. JORGENSON, B.S., Sioux City, Iowa. University ot South Dalcota. Pi Beta Phi, Alpha Delta Tau , . . SARAJUSTER, BS., Minneapolis. Sigma Delta Tau: Alpha Delta Tau: I-lillel, KARL E. KARLSON, B.M., St. Paul. Bethel Junior College . . . SHIRLEY KUBON, BS., Mound . . . DELLA KRUSE, B.S., Rochester. Rochester Junior College. Orbsg Phi Theta Pi. DOUGLAS T. LINDSAY, MB., Minneapolis. Phi Rho Sigma: Sotans I-3: Minnesota Foundation, treasurer 3: R.O.T.C .... MARJORIE MARVIN, BS., Duluth. Duluth Junior College. Pi Delta Nu 3-43 Ortss 3-47 Daily reporter 3 . . . MILDRED BER- THA MILLER, B.S., Pepin, 'NXfis. MARION MOORVITCH, B.S., Minneapolis. Hillel . . . EVE- LYN NASETH, B.S., Fergus Falls. South Dalcota State College . . . FRANCES L. NELSON, B.S., Nashwaulf. Hibbing Junior College. CECELIA L. OATES, B.S., Austin . . . BURTON ORR, M.B., Faribault . . . PHILIP D. PALLISTER, B.M., Rochester. Phi Rho Sigma. Far Iett: Dr. Maurice Visscher, ess for the distillation of sea water: and, left, Dr. Wesley Spinlc working with sulfa drugs to reduce their toxic effect, I25 who this year perfected his proc- IVI E D I C I N E si-HRLEY PANKOW, Bs., saw Falls, s. D. Comstock H.-,ii Council 2, Social Chairman 3, vice president 4 . . . JOHN W. PERRY, M,B., St. Paul. Macalester College. B.A.: Phi Rho Sigma: A.S.T.U .... K. YVONNE KLEIN PINKE, B.S., St. Paul. Alpha Delta Tau. MARIE E. PREBONIC, B.S., Keewatin. Hibbing Junior College. Alpha Delta Tau . . . MARY EILEEN RICHARDS, B.S., Ken- osha, Wis. Rosary College l-2: Delta Delta Delta: Alpha Delta Tau . . . ELIZABETH ROBBINS, B.S., Minneapolis. W.A.A. GAEL ROBINSON, B.S., Virginia. Virginia Junior College. Alpha Delta Tau: Comstock House Council ...JOHN WESLEY SCHUMACHER, B.M., St. Paul. LaVerne Noyes Scholarship: Christian Medical Society: Christian Fellowship League: Lu- theran Student Association: President ot Christian Medical So- ciety . . . SIGRID M. SERUM, B.S., Minneapolis. Phi Chi Delta. OLLIE ROSE STUBBLEFIELD, B.S., Arlington, Va. Western ll- linois State. Delta Gamma, Vice President: Alpha Delta Tau: Med. Tech. Council 3-4, vice president: Daily Business Statt 2 . . . JEAN THIELICKE, B.S., Escanaba, Mich. Melbourne Uni- versity, Australia. Alpha Delta Pi: Alpha Delta Tau: Cosmopoli- tan Club . . . MARION TRAPP, B.S., Minneapolis. University ot Buffalo. Pi Delta Nu, president 2-3: University Chorus 2. BARBARA TUCKER, B.S., Minneapolis. Alpha Phi: Alpha Delta Tau, Vice pres., president 4 . . . DAPHNE VON ROHR, B.S., Winona. Alpha Chi Omega: Alpha Delta Tau . . . BETTY WILE, B.S., Kansas City, Missouri. Orbs: Gopher l-2. N U R S I N 6 MARJORIE ADAIR, B.S., R.N., Duluth. Duluth State Teachers Coliege . . . HELEN JANE BAER, B.S., Wadena . . . PA- TRICIA BARNHART, B.S,, G.N. RUTH T. BUE, B.S., G.N., Leeds, N. D. North Dakota State Col- lege. Public Health Club: Lutheran Nurses Guild . . . LOIS M. CHERNAUSEK, B.S., Dickson, N. D. Alpha Tau Delta: Sigma Theta Tau: Public Health Nurses Club . . . VEGA RUTH CLARK, B.S., Minneapolis. Public Health Nurses Club: General Hospital Nurses Chorus. GLADYS COYKENDALL, B.S., Minneapolis. Hamline Univer- sity. Sigma Theta Tau, president: Public Health Nurses Club . . . VIRGINIA CUMBERLAND, B,S., G.N., Balsam Lake, Wis. River Falls State Teachers College. Public Health Nurses Club . . . DOLORES DIENST, B.S., R.N., Faribault. ELAINE ELWOOD, B.S., G.N., St. Paul. Sigma Theta Tau: Can- terbury Club: Public Health Nursing Club . . . JUNE E. GRIGGS, B.S., R.N., G.N., Scottsblutl, Neb. Scottsbluff Junior College . . . JEAN MIELKE HARRIS, B.S., G.N., Minneapolis. Public Health Nurses Club: General Hospital Nurses Chorus: Christian Fellowship League. l26 X , C A N N 3. ,X vi . N 'lx XS .,, BBQ, Yr T X N N. .. 'Qs X . . 11- with - its Wisfa rzxk We-x NS x X M . X ,. yi- as . ' J .. J ss . ' ..v-ay' s . . . .l b ,E , Q . . i sf -as - ., .sg - - , . . s TX X A X R X SS' ZR X X Q Pt . i , , .,.,, X ' k i ,Six 3,8 xx ix, W . ' .a sv X , , its sie? . 5 I if fi ' , X , of A .. 2 , r 4 ,, . , J A wr , i 'Pi ....., A ik, , . 'Q '..,wrs54. 5 ' f., 1 54 . 1, f -,1: A' ' v ai -4' if ,lv- the 1,f, ,,, ' "Rx 4 if? 9 9 :- 5 '- s ge .1- va- -.liar 9,5 . -uv' A-Q ' -. ' f3"!e- f . .2 '-se, 'V -f-.s- . A '- ,a'...i'. -11 - L Ii. ,.j-,LL 4 .. . 'IT' --,gs ,,, '2- 'AB v H'- M-ws. V . .y . -...Z N U R S I N G JEANIE E. HOUSE, R.N., B.S., Minneapolis. Chi Omega: A.W,S.: N.S.G.A ,... HARRIET E. JOHNSON, B.S., G.N., Minneapolis. Y.W.C.A.: Public Health Nurses Club . . . MABEL M. LINDQUIST, B.S., GN., Osseo. MATILDE MATTOS, B.S., Puerto Rico. University ot Porto Rico. Cosmopolitan Club .... HELEN BERNICE MEISTER, B.S., Great Bend, Kansas. Public Health Nurses Club . . . PATRICIA MEYERS, R.N., B.S., Duluth. Duluth State Teachers College. N.S.G.A., secretary. LUCILE G. NELSON, B.S., Coleraine. Itasca Junior College. Sigma Theta Tau: Public Health Nurses Club . . . JANE E. NYQUIST, B.S., R.N., Minneapolis. Y.W.C.A .... ARLENEN PATTERSON, B.S., R.N., Burt, Iowa. Public Health Nurses Club, president: Powell Hall Council. BERDUNE PEET, B.S., R.N., Bell, Calif. Huron College. Sigma Theta Tau: Orchesis . . . JEANNE FRANCES POLINSKE, B.S., R.N., Minneapolis. Powell Hall Council . . . FRANCES PRIMMER, B.S., Duluth, Duluth State Teachers College. WILMA SCHMITT, B.S., Glenville. Sigma Theta Tau . . . . PHYLLIS LILLIAN SCHUMACHER, B.S., G.N., St. Paul. Public Health Nursing Club: Lutheran Nurses Guild . . . ENID L. TAYLOR, B.S., GN., Grand Rapids. Alpha Tau Delta: Public Health Club. M. GWENDOLYN WEAVER, B.S., Minneapolis . . . DORO- THY E. WEBSTER, B.S., G.N., Dodgeville, Wis. Bethel Junior College. Sigma Theta Tau: Public Health Nurses Club .... LUCILLE WILLIAMSON, B.S., Otranto, Iowa. Kahler School ot Nursing. Public Health Nurses Club. Lett: Dr. Raymond Bieter-this year he worlced under govern- ment grant on experiments to find a substitute for quinine. l27 QIWIQ. 3 i'Wx3QiE f sv jg ' 329 Union Street Souiheast Universlty of Pnttsburgh I89l 7' lac Qafgskff 646225 ' R02 l28 f x ,V x5. ,95A,: l- git 'Sr I ly " 3l7 Unlorl Sheet SOUfhCfl5'C 429 Unlon Street Southeast Norihwestern Unlverslky l390 University of Michigan l882 Minnesota Epsulon I89I ,yy ,gl ' rin' ,H . , I wg nil r-.ggi 'I .fl "', . H H ',- - '.. - 5' 'Y 'W n. JA? S '-'5' in Nw .ffm L si n-:E l29 min .154 kg lpha Delta Theta Back Row: Johnson, Schneider, Denk, Hansen, Pinke, Bjorsness, Stubblefield, Gonyea. Fourth Row: Johnson, Juster, Jorgensen, Worth, Zierke, Simpson, Griffith. Third Row: Holst, Prebonic, Robinson, Jorgensen, Michaelson, Bergford, Stromgren, Premer. Second Row: diGiambattista, Von Rohr, Steinke, Humiston, Helgeson, Sanderson, Shields. First Row: Carey, Callies, Kramer, Frank, Tucker, Jassoy, Giebenhain, Richards. Back Row: Darrington, Robertson, Lepisto, Heneman, B., Morgan. Second Row: Taylor, Putnam, Haedge, Schons, Berg. First Row: Merrill, Schultz, Chernausek, Constant, Platt. lpha Tau Delta . V ' X Z' 4' l 5.-ri xt.: . X . we s ,f'z 'i?' ' Fe Sigma Theta Tau l3O Back Row: Franz, Kunny, Karosick, Peet. Second Row: Rempfer, Lepisto, Webster. - First Row: Elwood, Renneke, Lundeen, Harrington. Q nur' il fin. . ,. . W. . x., sr' 4I.ffQ"', -, fc' ti:2:.,,gQ,f -J, Q A .qc Vw P Wiz f ffl A? 4' 1, 8 f .X Medical iechnicians al: work in the hospital lab. College of Pharmacy Dean Rogers Pharmacy this year was a school of research Charles H. Rogers, dean of the College of Pharmacy. Lett: No determents tor these boys, they have to worlc tast to complete their degrees before the army steps in. Much of the equipment in Pharmacy Lab had to be replaced and overhauled this year. Even the instructors took a hand in placing new pipes and tables. PHARMACY FLOYD M. ALCOTT, B.S., Alden. Hamline University. Kappa Gamma Chi: Phi Delta Chi, president: Inter Pro Council . . . RICHARD W. ANDERSON, B.S., Montevideo. Phi Delta Chi . . . RICHARD A. ENGELHARDT, B.S., Minneapolis. Phi Del- ta Chi. LEONARD G. GANOENESS, B.S., East Grand Forlcs. Kappa Psi . . . BETTY LOUISE GOLD, B.S., St. Paul, Kappa Epsilon: Theatre . . . FRANK J. GRESCZYK, B.S., Cloquet. Duluth .lun- ior College. Kappa Psi. KATHERINE R. HAAS, B.S., St. Paul . CORA MARIE HANSEN, B.S., Duluth. St. Scholastica I, Carleton 7 . .. CORNELIUS JUDD, B.S.. Rochester, Dartmouth. Delta Kappa Epsilony Iron Wedge: Slci Club. MICHEAL MUZETRAS, B.S., Minneapolis. Phi Delta Chi: Rho Chi, presidentg Phi Lambda Upsiloni All U Council: Senior Cabinet: Northwest Druggist . . . ROSEMARIE NEUMANN, B.S., Lewiston . . . RAYNER J. REICHERT, B.S., Wood Lalce. St. Thomas. Phi Delta Chi. PHILLIP J. RICHTER, B.S., Minneapolis. Alpha Beta Phi . . . MARY EILEEN SMITH, B.S.. Rochester. Secretary, Senior Phar- macy Class. ew f Many Pharmacystudentsworlred with the herbs that were grown and tended in Pharmacy's own greenhouse. From these concoc- tions medicinal supplies were made in lab. I34 Back Row: Severns, Trurrm, McClintock, Reichert, Anderson. Second Row:.Harries, Sheridan, Muzetras, Prottengeier, Westby, Scofield. First Row: Some, Engclhardt, Alcott, Gerber, Bachman. Phi Delta hi Af Lv 1 ly if Rho Chi 'Q 1 Back Row: Benica, Neva, Pribyl, Micklesen, Braneman. Second Row: Gulbrandson, Digangi, Kleber, Carlson, Doerge. First Row: Gisvold, Soine, Muzetras, Bachman, Gaul. 3 Back Row: Benica, Neva, Pribyl, Breneman, Felosi. Second Row: Harmening, Kero, Balster, Mayer, Kenjoski, DiGangi. First Row: Almin, Gulbrandson, Gresczyk, Gangeness, Smyithe. Q. Kappa P i 9 2, I l35 College of Arts Deans of the College of SLA l Above: J. M. Thomas, dean ot the senior college. Lett: T. R. McConnell, this year appointed bythe Board of Regents, dean of the College of Science, Literature, and the Arts. Above: W. H. Hussey, dean of the junior college. Lett: Ray- mond W. Brink of the mathematics department teaches one of the military classes that came under Arts iurisdrctror. I37 DOROTHY ANN ANDERSON, B.A., Grantsburg, Wis. Gus- tavus Adolphus College. A.W.S.: Snow Week: Talent Commit- tee . . . JANET E. ANDERSON, B.A., Rockford, lll. Univer- sity ot Iowa I-3: Alpha Delta Pi: Spanish Club . . . JOAN M. ANDERSON, B.A., Eau Claire, Wis. Eau Claire State Teachers College. Chi Omega: Y.W.C.A.: A.W.S. HELENE C. ARNOLD, B.A., Minneapolis. Virginia Junior Col- lege. International Relations Club: Red Cross Supervisor's Club: Junior Board: Date Bureau Committee chairman . . . VI JOYCE ARONSON, B.A., St. Paul. Y.W.C.A.: Group Lead- ership chairman, Noon programs: Junior Board . . . BAR- BARA L. BALLOU, B.A., Fairmont. Principia. Chi Omega. CAMILLA BALLOU, B.A.. St. Paul. Pinatore Council: Tam O'Shanter Council: A.W.S. Board: Student Religious Council: Christian Science Organization, president . . . JEANNE BAR- BASO, B.A., Minneapolis. Psi Chi: Italian Club, secretary: Y.W.C.A .... BARBARA BARNARD, B.A., St. Paul. Delta Gamma: Y.W.C.A.: Cabinet, Conference chairman 4: A.W'.S. ELIZABETH M. BATTLES, B.A., Coleraine. Itasca Junior Col- lege. Folwell Library Club, treasurer . . . MARVYL L. BECK, B.A., Mason City, Iowa. Mason City Junior College. Y.W.C.A., Cabinet 4: Northrop Club: Snow Week 3 . . . DAVID R. BELGUM, B.A., Starbuck. Lutheran Student Association: All U Religious Council 2. BARBARA ANNE BENNETT, B.A., Detroit Lakes. Beloit. Pi Beta Phi . . . JOYCE BENSON, B.A., Ashby . . . MARJORIE BENSON, B.A., Minneapolis. Pi Beta Phi: Sigma Epsilon Sig- ma: More than Bored: Gopher, Business Manager 4. MARJORIE TWEDT BENSON, B.A., Minneapolis. Theta Sigma Phi 3-4: Sigma Epsilon Sigma: Mortar Board: Union Board 3-4: Daily, Editor in Chiet 4, reporter, copy desk 3, city desk 3 . . . AHDELE C. BERG, B.A., Alamo. Minot State Teachers College. Kappa Phi: Daily reporter . . ..HARRIET E. BERG, B.A., Mora. Alpha Gamma Delta: Delta Phi Lambda: Minne- sota Foundation: Freshman Week 4: Gopher 2: Comstock Coed, Editor 2. BARBARA JEANNE BERNSTEIN, B.A., Stillwater. Sigma Ep- silon Sigma: Phi Beta Kappa: Radio Guild I-3: Freshman Week 2: University Theatre . . . JENANE PATTERSON BINDER, B.A., New York City. Mount I-Iolyoke I-2. Kappa Kappa Gamma: International Relations Club 4: League ot Women Voters 4: Y.W.C.A. 3: Student Speakers Bureau, chairman 3 ...ELIZABETH BIRD, B.A., Minneapolis. Chi Omega, president 4: Mortar Board: A.W.S.: Class Council I-2: Y.W.C.A., secretary: Freshman Camp chairman 3: Wom- en in War Week chairman 3: All University Student Council 3-4, president 4. CAROL L. BLOOMGREN, B.A., Dalbo. Macalester, Y,W.C.A.: W.A.A .... ELIZABETH LEE BOLLMAN, B.A., Rochester. Delta Gamma: Y.W.C.A.: Forum 2-3: Pratt Whitney Fellow- ship . . . JANICE BORAK, B.A., Minneapolis. St. Catherine's College. Stephens 2. Pi Beta Phi, treasurer 4: Gopher 3. BONNIE M. BOYD, B.A., Minneapolis. Kappa Kappa Gamma: International Relations Club: Ski U Mah business statl . . . EDYTHE YVONNE BOYLES, B.A., Minneapolis. Beta Phi Beta 2-4: Folwell Club 4: General College Student Council 2 . . . JOHANNA MARION BRATUSH, B.A., Eveleth. Macalester I-3. French Club: Music Listening Flour Committee. I38 , 5... ..,.,. r . -.1 L . - .. . k - - X - . 1 -V . ' .- - I - :-.nas 1 -1' -' ,-..':, . Q I A , .. .-756-' ' N' Q-22 ."9Qc3' ?f3i5Z?i:1:4' 5:32152 Q-if . r .-k 5 ..-vi Tsirik ' ' " '- . . it ' . A 4 . f' mc. . 2, sz. .5 .sg-Agrfzg o " ' - I5 ii- i P ' '5 V 1 " :iff I U!" 4 u, 4: ' - . Is. is il-I f . - . "pgs - . o, -. S - ,,,,, H ,W R Q Xt 1 - - : -. T- 5 . . Lis , f . X A , i ' V' - ' , is I .. f as: ww-. . rss-5-:ff 3 .51-. .4 . .- wr-S':1 X 1 wwlgx ' -:bt-.YN . 3. SQ - EC' 1 52-I gg f -X, -: B "' iff: 1 X s X . Q If N is Q-V w X ::-.25-2 .ae-. XX X X 2 .X is if X R f X Q X X V' x '6 4' xx g. x X s t X S . 1.1. h 1 ,Q I q 1 21: .gg-25,52 2 -' wif z . f M ff 1 r rg Q v - -f-' H--1 :f. li' r-...Q ..,,..,, .,,f, Q 4 Q, 4 gf Q f M V ". , Q if Q V , 4 Sv 'W Q ,fs 4' 5 f . as - Ji, ,L ELIZABETH Y. BRICKER, B.A., Minneapolis. Kappa Alpha Theta: Spanish Club: War Chest Drive: Gopher, Sales Mana- ger . . . CHARLES BRIN, B.A., Minneapolis. Phi Epsilon Pi: Masquers: Radio Guild: Hillel: Tumbling l.. .CAROL BURNS, B.A., Minneapolis. Gamma Phi Beta: More than Bored Council: All U Council, secretary: Cap and Gown Council: Tam O'Shanter Council: Pinatore Council: Bib and Tucker Council. SOLOMON CERSONSKY, B.A., Williston, N. D. University ot North Dakota. Tau Delta Phi, president: Concert Band . . . GLORIA CHERNE, B.A., Buhl . . . MARGARET CLAAR, B.A., Minneapolis. Carleton College. Gamma Phi Beta: Spanish Club. JOAN CLARKE, B.A., St. Paul ...ANNE CLEVELAND. B.A., Excelsior. Delta Gamma . . . MARY COLE, B.A., Minne- apolis. Theta Sigma Phi, president 4: Mortar Board 4: Senior Cabinet: Post War Committee 4: Daily l-4, Copy Editor. -fe' I? VCV PN '42, -1' .,4,. . if--:ff.1::., I aw ,- gf M25 ,iff 12, fe-,rf mf- N"f fi ADJUSTABLE UHOMUL Crhli 1.,,,,,. .. , MARY COOPER, B.A., Minneapolis . . . LARRAINE H. COONEY, B.A., Minneapolis. Milwaukee Downer I: Alpha Omicron Pi: Theta Sigma Phi: Ski U Mah Co-Editor . . . ERRA CORNWELL, B.A.. Cold Spring. Carleton College l. Pi Beta Phi, president: Theta Sigma Phi: Daily Editorial 2-4. HELEN T. CUPPER, B.A., Minneapolis. Y.W.C.A. l-4-I A.W.S. l-4: War Chest 3-4: Student Association ot Social Workers 4: Freshman Week 2-3 . . . MARJORIE ANN DE VRIES, B.A.. Minneapolis . . . JANE MARIE DOHERTY, B.A., St. Paul. RUTH DOWELL, B.A., St. Paul. Pi Beta Phi: More than Bored Council: Bib and Tucker Council, president: Pinatore, president: A.W.S. Board I-2: Union Board ot Governors 3-4: Charity Ball Otlice Chairman 2: Homecoming l: Snow Week I: Freshman Week 2: Gopher Business Statt I . . . MIRTH Y. DURBAHN, B.A., Highland Park, lll. Skidmore College I-2. Kappa Alpha Theta: Aquatic League . . . ANNA MARIE DYE, B.A., Minneapolis. Lambda Alpha Psi. orientation. I39 Far left: Folwell Follies went on this year as always-but with a noticeable lack of manpower Left: The freshmen this year for the first time, were all required to take speech tests in order to help determine their degree of S. L. A. HELEN J. DYTERT, B.A., Minneapolis. Delta Delta Delta: Theta Sigma Phi: White Collar Council 2: Tam O'Shanter Council: Cap and Gown Council . . . LUCILLE EDLAND, B.A., Minneapolis. . . .SUSAN EICHHORN, B.A., Minneapolis. Kappa Kappa Gamma. VIRGINIA ENGBERGH, B.S., St. Paul. Mills College... MONIE EYLER, B.S., Ravinia, III. Kappa Alpha Theta: Home- coming I-3: Othce Chairman 3: Freshman Week 2-3: Snow Week I-2: Military Ball 2: Minnesota Foundation otfice chair- man 3: Student Concerts Committee 3: Gopher, Editorial statt 3, Copy editor 4 . . . ELSIE FETT, B.S., Minneapolis. Spanish Club: Pegasus. M. ELAINE FLORA, B.A,, Ontonagon, Mich. Newman Club: Daily, copy desk 4: Ski-U-Mah, advertising 3 ...JEAN FRUTCH, B.A., Des Plaines, Ill. Nebraska State Teachers' Col- lege . . . SHIRLEY A. FRITZEL, B.A., De Smet, So. Dak. Huron College. Chorus. JEAN MARGARET FRYKMAN, B.A., Minneapolis. Minnehaha North Park Club: Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship . . . BETTY LOU FULLER, B.S., Redwood Falls. Folwell Club, secretary 3-4. . . . ROGER M. GAARDER, B.A., Minneapolis. MARTHA ELLEN WALDO GALLION, B.S., Minneapolis. Fol- well Club I-3: International Relations Group 2: Freshman Week Committee: Sophomore Debate Team: Winner Frank Peavy Award . . . F. PATRICIA GASPAR, B.S., Minneapolis. Pegasus Club, president 3-4: Folwell Club, co-chairman social com- mittee . . . GLORIA GILLES, B.S.. St. Paul. Theta Sigma Phi 4: Daily 4. MINNIE JEANNE GLADISH, B.S., St. Paul. University ot Chat- tanooga I-3. Pi Beta Phi I-3 . . . CORDELIA GOODMAN, B.A., Duluth. Duluth State Teacl'ier's College. Kappa Kappa Gamma: Aquatic League 3: Forum Board 4: All U Council 3-4. . . . JUNE GOODRICH, B.A., Trojan, So. Dak. Secretary-treas- urer Comstock Hall: Daily I-4 Far right: Mr. Lennox Mills whose classes and extra-curricu- Iar lectures on the Far East kept interested students informed on whys and why-nots of war in the South Pacific. Right: Part of the crowd that attended the March graduation dinner in the Union cafeteria. l40 s 9 ,v 1 V is A7 U ssjf 4 fe .6 , was . 2:9 ' I I w Q- 5,37 6 -w' 9 , If .5 J.. sf , Q, .,.,..... , . 49 f -f writer'-,'fei-:-.-ss -mi s M , ffm Y A A gi f -fifis ye . .-.s. ...... 22 1 ' '- tw fo- -8 9 ...g 5 ., Q as assi' se fs : it . X . i . isi' xsxgfiafz--p lx 4 . i .. pqgss-ss. - t s 9 s .,,,, . as St? X abs Q . an "" M-1 Sit-5355-ti ' ' "Htl . . I . .,,..X .- - .i i V -.. ' 32 . - """"' - -N' . .tv 3' Y ' ' ' -if gif' . , - .,:,.-ge-H -, Q-E, il ,, ,.,. , E . . 'ii'1,-11'.E2-F i .. 1 .s i.-t' iss: x-' - s' - 'stiifff , .5 i. is is Q 3: .:- ,.,, A ' at .R - - 'ifrsr w .s 'A . ' if.-ii S ' . Q " f f . ', 5 , . E Z . I 'L 134915: S. L. A. CECELIA GOSLIN, B.A., Minneapolis. Alpha Delta Pi . . . EVELYN GOTTFRIED, B.A., Cleveland, Ohio. Minnesota Foun- dation 4: Public Speakers Bureau: Gopher 2-3: Comstock Coed I-3: W.A.A .... DOROTHY GUTHUNZ, B.A., St. Paul. AI- pha Phi. JULIANA HAAS, B.A., Detroit Lakes. St. Catherines College. Pi Beta Phi . . . WARREN F. HARDING, B.A., Minneapolis. . . . MARJORIE F. HARRIS, B.A., Elkhart, Indiana. Wesley Foundation, vice president. MARY HEINSELMAN, B.A., Minneapolis. Pi Beta Phi: Y.W.C.A.7 Public Attairs Committee Chairman 4: Postwar Committee: Pinatore Council . . . HARRIET HELMICK, B.A., Minneapolis. Kappa Alpha Theta: Spanish Club . . . MARGARET ANN HENNINGSEN, B.A., St. Louis Park. Spanish Club: Italian Club. MARY LEONORE HILGER, B.A., St, Paul. St. Catherine's Col- lege. Alpha Omicron Pi . . . BABETA HOFMEYR, B.A., Cape Town, South Atrica. Delta Gamma: Y.NXf.C.A.: Social Service Chairman: Cabinet . . . POLLY ANN HOLMAN, B.A., Erskine. Hamline University. Kappa Phi: Daily. KATHRYN LEE HORNUNG, B.A., Detroit, Mich. Albion Col- lege. Delta Zeta, president: Mortar Board 4: All U Religious Council 2: A.W.S. Transfer Council 2-3: Y.W.C.A. I-4. Confer- ences 2, Social Service 3, vice president 4: Panhellenic Council I-4, treasurer 3, president4 . . . JOANADELLE C. JOHNSON, B.A., St. Paul. Sigma Alpha Iota, vice president 4: Y.NXf.C.A.: German Club 4: Lutheran Student Association I-4, secretary: University Chorus . . . MARCIA JOHNSON, B.A., Cloquet. Duluth Junior College. Falwell Library Club. BETTY L. JOSEPH, B.A., Minneapolis. Alpha Epsilon Phi: Phi Beta Kappa 3-4: Lambda Alpha Psi 3-4: French Club I-3: Spanish Club 2-3: A.W.S.: Y.W.C.A.: W.A.A.: Hillel I-4: Board ot Directors Falwell I-lall Cooperative Bookstore 2 . . . HARRIET JUNTILLA, B.A., Minneapolis. Kappa Kappa Lamb- da: International Relations Club: Union Board ot Governors: Freshman Mixer Chairman . . . RUBY R. JUSTER, B.A., Minne- apolis. Theta Sigma Phi, vice president: Sigma Pi Omega: I-lillel: S.Vf.E.C.C.: Daily 2-4, Managing Editor 4. PATRICIA L. KEHOE, B.A., Minneapolis. Student League for Democracy . . . MARGARET D. KELLY, B.A., Minneapolis. Alpha Omicron Pi: University Ushers... MARTHA KEN- NON, B.A., Minneapolis. Delta Delta Delta, secretary 3, presi- dent 4: A.W.S.: White Collar Council: Tam O'Shanter: Cap and Gown Council: Y.NXf'.C.A.: Panhellenic Council 4. PHYLLIS KREMER, B.A., St. Paul. Theta Sigma Phi 4: Daily I-2: Gopher I-4, Editor 4... HELEN E. LARSEN, B.A., Omaha, Nebraska. University of Omaha . . . JEWELL LEEBY, B.A., Fargo, N. D. Stephens College I-2: Student Social Work- er's Association: W.A.A. RAVINA E. LERNER, B.A., Minneapolis. Sigma Pi Omega 3-43 Theta Sigma Phi: Daily 4: Ski-U-Mah I-3 . . . MARIE LEVIE. B.A., St. Paul. Delta Delta Delta, secretary, vice president: Y,W.C.A.: Freshman Cabinet . . . DORIS LIEBENBERG, B.A.. Minneapolis. Mills College 2, Orchesis: Daily Ag Editor. I4I S. L. A. GORDON LINDEMANN, B.A., St. Paul. lnter-varsity Christian Fellowship League: Track 4 . . . WILLIAM M. LINDGREN, B.A., Stanchtield. Sigma Nu: Cosmopolitan Club 2-4: Interna- tional Relations Club 3-4: Radio Guild: Post War Planning Committee: Forum Board 4: Cosmopolitan Club, president . . . JANET LINDHOLM, B.A., Minneapolis. Kappa Kappa Lambda, HELEN LINSMAYER, B.A., Minneapolis. Kappa Kappa Gam- ma: Ski-U-Mah . . . MARION LUDOLPH, B.A., Minneapolis. . . . ELSABE LUEDKE, B.A., St. Paul. Alpha Chi Omega, presi- dent: Panhellenic Council: Charm lnc. Chairman: Freshman Week: Union Board ot Governors. CONSTANCE LUND, B.A., Minneapolis. Sigma Epsilon Sigma: Spanish Club 3-4: Y.W.C.A. I-4: Gopher I . . . LUCILLE MAVES, B.A., Bovey. ltasca Junior College. St. Scholastica College. Gamma Delta . . . VIVIAN E. MAXFIELD, B.A., St. Paul. Bemidji State Teachers College. Daily 4. ELIZABETH FRANCES McENARY, B.A., Minneapolis. Alpha Phi, vice president: Delta Phi Delta: Ski-U-Mah Associate Edi- tor 4 , . . GLADYS MQFARLAND, B.A., Williams, Montana. Park College l. Kansas City University 2. Alpha Chi Omega: Y.W.C.A .... BETTY ANN McGlNN, B.A., Minneapolis. Theta Sigma Phi. Daily, Assistant Copy Editor. RICHARD BURTON McHUGH, B.A., Minneapolis. Newman Foundation . . . MARY VIRGINIA MCVAY, B.A., Minneapolis. Alpha Omicron Pi ...MARGARET MEHL, B.A., Dutton, Montana. Concordia College. Sigma Kappa. MARY MILLS, B.A., Winnebago. St. Olat College l-2. Delta Zeta: W.A.A.: Y.W.C.A .,.. JEANE MONICK, B.A., Sioux Falls, S. D. St. Catherine's College. Delta Delta Delta: Zeta Phi Eta 3-4: National Collegiate Players 3-4: Masquers, president 4. . . . JEANNE MORITZ, B.A., Minneapolis. RUTH COLE NASH, B.A., Minneapolis. Hamline. Delta Gamma, president 4: Sigma Epsilon Sigma: Mortar Board, president 4: Phi Beta Kappa: Delta Phi Lambda: A.W.S. Board 3-4: Junior Class Cabinet: Senate Committee 4: Campus Chest 3: Y.W.C.A. Cabinet 2: Bib and Tucker . . . DOROTHY HELEN NELSON, B.A., Minneapolis. Grinnell College I-2. Gamma Phi Beta . . . JEANNE E. NELSON, B.A., St. Paul. MARIAN L. NELSON, B.A., Minneapolis. Student Social Work- ers Association 4: Y.W.C.A.: University Singers . . . RENEE K. NELSON, B.A., Minneapolis. Aquatic League . . . KATH- LEEN ORR, B.A., Wayzata. Delta Gamma: Theta Sigma Phi: Eomecoming 4: Gopher I-4, Associate Editor: Daily l-4: Dc- ate 2. BETTY BRIDGFORD ORVIS, B.A., Morris. Delta Delta Delta: A.W.S.: Pinatore: Tam O'Shanter' Ca and Gow ' . p n Council: Marriage Course Chairman 4: Campus War Chest Otiice Chair- man 3: Snow Week 2: Ski-U-Mah 2-3: University Singers . , . PEARL OSTROV, B.A., Virginia. Virginia Junior College. Sigma Pi Omega: Hillel . . . VIVIAN OVERN, B.A., St. Paul. Kappa Kappa Lambda: Gamma Delta: Lutheran Student Association: A.W.S.: Cap and Gown Council. I42 A :av C., X :frsss .1 N V' ,I A .Ck X r J ,.. ...A 1 V 0 my . 1-fee:-41 ' amen- 1 I .fr M, QV " .if ,wi .-,MSL .ff ,7.,, C ,vi ' -V .W- , Q1 Q . 1 'W i v' is I A.QL ,. WW!! W1 fl ffff X 6 4 X- f -,. 1 s 97 ,A f ff 592944.-iv. 1 ' ity far" 'L 'i44"f '11 "fav f 1242. '..a 5 'W' J -V -1-,ga W f , f - X i W JUNE PALLESON, BA.. Fulda. Macalester I. Alpha Gamma Delta: Theta Sigma Phi 4: Freshman Week Committee 3: Junior Board: Daily 4: Comstock Coed 3 . . . SHIRLEY PALMER, B.A., Minneapolis . . . DOLORES M. PATNODE, B.A., Min- neapolis. Y.W.CA.: Newman Club. BARBARA W. PERRY, BA., Minneapolis. Gamma Phi Beta: Y.W.CA., Cabinet: Leadership Training 3 . . . R. BERNA- DETTE PIAZZA, BA., Minneapolis. Kappa Delta: Italian Club, president: Spanish Club . . . BETTY POLUCCI, B.A., Minne- apolis, Spanish Club: Newman Foundation. HELEN PORTZ, B.A., Flossmoor, Ill. Alpha Gamma Delta: Span- ish Club 3-4: W.S.GA. I-2: Bib and Tucker: Pinatore: Military Contacts -Committee Chairman 2: Junior Class Cabinet Mem- ber: Gopher 2-3, Special Interest Editor 3: Symphony Or- chestra I . . . LLOYD PROCHNOW, B.A., St. Paul. Delta Sigma Pi . . . MARJORIE QUICK, BA., St. Paul. MARGARET SEYMOUR QUIGLEY, B.A., Minneapolis. Kappa Kappa Gamma: Ski-U-Mah . . . HELEN ELEANOR RACHIE, B.A., Minneapolis. Pi Beta Phi: Y.W.CA.: Freshman Cabinet, president: More than Bored, president 4: A.W.S.: Pinatore Council: Tam O'Shanter Council: Gopher Business Statt: Fresh- man Week 2: Sophomore Class Council: Snow Week Commit- tee 2: Senior Class Cabinet: Senior Prom Committee . . . VIR- GINIA RADABAUGH, BA., Hastings. Stephens College. Alpha Gamma Delta. MARILYN ROBLE, B.A., Minneapolis. A.W.S.: Bib and Tucker, Council: Pinatore Council: A.W.S. Board 2-3: Y.W.CA., secre- tary: Freshman Cabinet: Junior Class Cabinet: Daily 4 . . . MARY ELIZABETH ROGERS, BA., St. Paul. Kappa Alpha Theta, secretary 2, vice president 4: All U Council 3: Panhel- lenic Council 4: Senior Class Cabinet: French Play . . . MARI- AM LOUISE ROSENBAUM, BA., Cedar Rapids, Iowa. State University ot Iowa. Hillel Club. MARY M. RUMBLE, BA., St. Paul. Kappa Kappa Gamma: In- ternational Club 4: League ot Women's Voters 4: Bond Drive 4: Junior Cabinet: All U Council 3-4: Campus Chest 4: Technolog 2 . . . HELEN HEDIN RUSH, B.A., Sauk Centre. Pi Beta Phi. . . . LYNFRED SACRIDER, BA., Minneapolis. Lambda Alpha Psi: Y.W.CA. I: German Club 3-4, president 4. unit acted as ushers. P I43 Graduating seniors march down the aisle of Northrop in tradr tional ceremonial form This year, members of the NROTC Eerie shadows as military classes carried on physical experiments and demonstrations under the eagle eye of Dr. Buchta. MARY JEANNE SCHAFER, B.A., Minneapolis. Alpha Omicron Pi: Y.W.C.A.: Theta Sigma Phi: A.V!.S.: Pinatore Council: Tam O'Shanter Council: Panhellenic Council: Freshman Week 2: Gopher l: Daily 2-3: Ski U Mah Co-editor 4 . . . THOMAS JOHN SCHERMAN, B.A., Duluth. Spanish Club, president 4 . . . MARJORIE L. SEARING, B.A., St. Paul. Alpha Chi Omega: Theta Sigma Phi: Snow Week Publicity Chairman 3: Panhellenic Council. IRENE MILLER SEWARD, B.A., Duluth. Duluth State Teachers College. Delta Zeta . . . PAULINE SILVERMAN, B.A., St. Paul. Sigma Pi Omega 2-4: Hillel . . . SARAH L. SJOSELIUS, B.A., St. Paul. Chi Omega: Theta Sigma Phi: Y.W.C.A.: A.W.S.: Sophomore Council: A.W.S. Board 3, president 4: Senior Cabi- net 4: Freshman Week Executive Committee 4: Common Pee- pul's Ball l: Ad Club: Daily 2. ESTHER SOLHEIM, B.A., Hudson, Wis .... JOAN A. SWAN- SON, B.A., Minneapolis. Alpha Chi Omega 2-4: Freshman Week 3: Gopher l-2: Daily I-3, Department Editor 2-3: University Chorus 2 . . . MARJORIE TABER, B.A., Minneapolis. Pi Beta Phi: More than Bored Council: Bilo and Tucker Council: Pina- tore Council: Spanish Club: Homecoming I: Snow Week l: Freshman Week l-2: Panhellenic Council: Gopher l. HELEN TARAGOS, B.A., Minneapolis. Y.W.C.A.: W.A.A., secretary 2-3 . . . MARJORIE M. THOMAS, B.A., Wayzata. Alpha Delta Pi: Aquatic League: Ski Club: Pegasus: Tam O'Shanter Council: White Collar Council . . . MARGARET ELIZABETH THOMASSIAN, B.A., Minneapolis. Sigma Epsilon Sigma. NORMA THORGRIMSON, B.A., Minneapolis. Macalester Col- lege l-2 . . . MARJORIE M. TOMASEK, B.A., St. Paul. Theta Sigma Phi: Daily, Survey Editor, Editorial Board . . . GOLDIE TRBOYEVICH, B.A., Bovey. Folwell Library Club 4. , J' 1 , iw -. 1. . , L 339316 , C , , 49 f ,f ,I M I , .fs 2 1 J YQ ZZ 4 1 , .. , 4 , :P sa.. ' I .?f I M W we bf , , i 11 y P 5 1 ii fri'-exft . f, 1 - A nv? ,., 1-. ' I i Q 1 ,, y fo ., s . .3 .,,, -gf , 1 -all f , 5? -. : ' A -f - . iw., gig? 31 -"' . .... i ' ,, . ' . , K' V rl Q .f 4 ,. .- ' 4 t'91E-sawing wx we at fs RONALD WANGSNESS, B.A., Sleepy Eye . . . MARGARET WARREN, B.A., Sioux Falls, S. D. Augustana. Delta Zeta, vice president 4: Panhellenic Council 2-3: Gopher 3: Daily 2: School of the Air 4 . . . RUTH M. YETTER, B.A., Waclena. Gamma Phi Beta: Freshman Council: Homecoming Committee . . . JOHN YOUNGQUIST, B.A., Minneapolis. Haverford College. I44 4 .- . , Back Row: Streufert, Eggers, Becker, Christensen, Lussky, Sellner, J., Oberschulte, F., Selle. Second Row: Krueger, Priebe, Boie, Berdan, Stoskopf, Oberschulte, D., Gatz, Strieter, Saggau. First Row: Kretzschmar, Kaepernick, Sellner, L., Moskop, Norden, Rev., Wildung, King, Peterson. Gamma Delta international association of lutheran students Kappa Kappa Lambda lutheran sorority Back Row: Gomsrud, Lindholm, Mogg, Rank, Johnson, Dahlquist, Nelson, Anderson, G. Fourth Row: Mindrum, Sisson, Ringoen, Stone, Ellefson, Newman Markhus. Third Row: Hanson, Elmquist, Tandberg, lngman, Dahl, Overn, Hansen, Sunnarborg. Second Row: Olson, Johnson, Starheim, Mindrum, Olson, A., Olson, M., Lundberg. First Row: Hessel, Christiansen, Johnson, H., Juntilla, Dressler, Young, Long, Salmimen. 'V7 i 5 fs' ? Q Wy tr' ,f ,,::!,. E 1, ' l 1 Theta Sigma Phi . F., Pb i ,E ?, : Back Row: Benson, Tomasek, Auerbacher, Cooney. Sohle, Kremer. Second Row: Dapper, Searing, Orr, Sjoselius, Mack. First Row: Lerner, Schafer, Cole, McGlnn, luster, Cornwell. Back Row: Weiss, Doeringsfeld, Habhegger, Little, Johnson, Legler, Hellberg. Front Row: Cohen, Besanko, Straus, Dahl, Colle, Clefton. Kappa Phi I46 MB? TS" . g I' ' 'I Sigma Epsilon Sigma Back Row: Fessler, Ball, Wohlleben, Fried, Shade, Johnson, Austin. Third Row: Ostberg, Tuxworth, Gustafson, Bremmer, Holman, Berg. Second Row: Sandstrom, Deloney, Boice, Smith, Godwin. First Row: Parker, Radford, Sanderson, Best, Peterson, Marcell. Back Row: Helgeson, Severtson, Frilzter, McEnary. First Row: Johnson, B., McQuary, Youngdale, Johnson, M. ' i Si ma Alpha Iota ,g A'2p J. , , 2 Back Row: East, Fetter, King, Anderson. Fifi' at A 'L' Delta Phi Delta ,gs ,W Second Row: Gulbrendsen, Kilstofte, Christensen, Webb, Wetherbee. First Row: Erickson, Johnson, Adams, Hill. Back Row: Cherne, Fredette, Holt, Rechtenwald. Second Row: Berglund, Monick, English, Dale, Graner. First Row: Foote, Swanson, Wyman, Burlingame. Zeta Phi Eta rc - 7 C3 I47 ,W-1 If nf' ... O X ' -N N ' , ..,,,,,-,..,.v-by . ILM ggfil WM... 'ww X A , ,. 'c Eifrqff 5-1-fr .1 .1 4 QQ-+5 . , .. QQ: W2 '?g15gsf, - 3W:"'T . I- .- v . P , . A , ..,, . . A 1' ' 1Z,,.: : 1:5 sf 4 ,W A IA ,, , A Y --q,,,, University College Dr. Buehta UNIVERSITY SENIORS G- Bw? y s fi w 5: XF Ks. . W .. i rf1ie2g..if - 4' I ' if hi Dr. J. William Buchta, head of University college. ALICE ADDINGTON, B.A., Minneapolis . . . MARIAN RUTH ANDERSON, B.A., Minneapolis. Y.W.C.A. l-3: Busi- ness Womens Club 4 . . . ROBERT R. CARLSON, B.S., Du- luth. Acacia: Daily, business manager: Senior Class president. BETTYMARIE CHUTE, B.S., St. Paul. Ohio State . . . BLANCHE DAHLQUIST, B.A., Hibbing. I-libbing Junior Col- lege. Phi Delta: Business Womens Club . . . GLORIA DAP- PER, B.A., Faribault. Theta Sigma Phi: Minnesota Foundation: Daily, reporter I-2: columnist, Womens editor: Ski U Mah, Associate editor. BETTY JEAN FOX, B.A., Wayzata. Alpha Gamma Delta . . . RUTH E. GUSTAVSON, B.A., Minneapolis. Advertising Club: Business Womens Club ...ALICE MARIE HAGEN, B.S., Brainerd. St. Olat. Gopher. MAY ELISABETH HED, B.S., St. Paul. Y.W.C.A.: Linnean Club . . . ALICE J. HORN, B.A., Hibbing. Hibbing Junior College. Phi Delta: Business Womens Club . . . ELEANOR T. JOHNSTONE, B.A., Minneapolis. Hamline I. Chi Omega: Cosmopolitan Club 3-4: Caleb Dorr Award 2: University Ush- ers: Y.W.C.A.: Talent Search 3: W.S.G,A. 2-4: Cap and Gown Council: Varsity Show 3: Union Board 3: Daily 3. GRANT G. LOT1, B.A., St. Paul . . . LAURA BELL MCKU- SICK, B.A., Minneapolis. Gamma Phi Beta: Mortar Board, sec- retary: Y.W.C.A., Cabinet 2-3: Northrop Club: All Univer- sity Student Council 3-4: Campus War Chest Drive Chairman: S.W.E.C.C. I-3: Freshman Week l-2: Post War Reconstruction Committee: Radio Guild I-2: Debate . . . DOROTHY L. PETERSON, B.S., Murcloclc. SADA SAHAGIAN, B.A., Minneapolis. Kappa Alpha Theta: Y.W.C.A.: A.W.S.: War Chest otlice chairman . . . RUTH SCHELLENBERGER, B.A., Minneapolis. Alpha Gamma Delta: y,w.c.A. 1 I49 iQ XII: is ff? 43, ,f rf ,V ' K f 'QQA , QQ'-ni 925' 4 QL y QQ rf' E Illlllll '!RoN"' WERG E ffgim miie' l50 7' Back Row: Fraser, Hodapp, Babcock, Hammel First Row: Robb, Grismer, Lindemann, Holland. Phoenix junior men's honorary Iron Wedge senior men's honorary Back Row: Korengold, Judd, Brickley. First Row: Einan, Proszek, Anderson. Back Row: Benson, Hornung, Sam, Bird, Harris, Vollbrecht. First Row: Cole, M., McKusick, Cole, R., Swanson, Heneman. ortar Boa rd senior women's honorary Sally Pearson, Kappa, points out 'che great number of vo'ces she goi-this year's Delta Upsilon "dream girl." ISI E 4 , Q 3,-, .,..,,... ,,x ,.,. ., Y ' g V-4, it M L ,f 125, V -y, Jjxg,-iz ,gif 'K x 2' X? ' .-, ,. Xa:-94' 1:15. X ' .. -ff, is ymzffx' ,, ' X V my "LQ 1.5: I . , "-'. 'I-1 , Q, ' F' X 2-,, 'i 5' ,. I 5 M fit' ' - -5 ff 9' ' 5-1,.fi..::4 T .W 1,1921 M,.,.,MW..,.,. . E, W ,,,WM,,M,..,..n,,..5, .,,f Q fg, , -- - ,,,, u..,,. a a , 1 1 2 5 E 3 'T X ' i 1 1 ' f i S' 5 4 L . 1 2 2 k 1 1 2 Q 2 , ,M .A,,..4.,W.N. mg, ,Q ,V . . A 5 x.-,+W.W M .. .. ,N .. ,W 1 . 2 5 Q..,..L x. .,..... , ..- f 1 i E ' Y ,E ,.x. W V?-Q,-.,, .,.. 5 L ' x . uQaq?w4wdv' sew' 4- Vu" S . Q . ,,,.,,., . .,., 'I Y., 4 z X E s 5 ..., I ., M, 2 Grganizations Organizations provide the means by which sfu- dents learn adminisiration and develop poise. NX W And here the search for truth begins to take more definite shape-from a vague, theoretical phrase to its real meaning. Education is only one of the means to an end, the end that embodies the Whole signifi- cance of the search, the end of -understanding. College and its composite parts of academic and extra-curricular activities helps to fit the student for his life later on. And in these years it became most important for students not only to be educated to their various Ways of life, but to understand what Was happening in the World. lVIore important Was their understanding of what caused the events that shook their lives and the lives of their friendsg but most important of all was their understanding of the results of world conflict and their place in that World after the War. On the Minnesota campus, student organizations reshaped their programs in order to help the stu- dents get the information they needed outside of classrooms. Sororities and the fraternities that Were active held formal and informal bull-sessions and in- vited speakers Who were experts in fields such as political science and public opinion. Some of the best ideas Were brought out in the talks students had when they got together in meetings or just after- ward. During spring quarter, the All U Council spon- sored a two-day Postwar Conference which brought men from Canada, Chicago, and New York to give their views on what would constitute a perfect peace -if there could be such a thing. 'cAfter the War" Was heard everywhereg and the students had facts to base their arguments on when anything of the sort got started-as it often did. The fact that 19441 was a presidential year roused a latent interest in politics-the "Fourth-termers" and the "We,re against that mann groups both fought it out tooth-and-nail. The guiding forces which gave statements back- ground, which gave arguments impetus, were the organizations. Functioning as a means to the end of understanding, they did a line job of fitting the stu- dents' minds to the task ahead. QQXZD -Organizations . y If X xfiie-- s Student organizations have gone through a period this past year which has had no counterpart in their history. Women students have assumed many major positions as the men put on uniforms. And in war service projects, organiza- tions have given their whoiehearted support-giving of their time and money and energy. CHARLES L. ROCK Head of Student Activities Bureau Fraternities Fraternity row in 1944 looked more like a mili- tary camp as each house had a little sign standing in the front yard which read "Quarters Av or "Quar- ters G-NROTC.', Instead of convertibles and col- lege joes being the scene, it was more likely navy men walking 05 hours. And at 10 every night, a bugler on the corner by the armory blew taps, the signal for all men to be in. Fraternity life was definitely not the same. Only 20 of the pre-war 29 organizations were still active -and of this 20, many did not have houses and several were homeless at least part of the year. Others who had houses, did not have enough men to put in them. Still the fraternities carried on, trying to keep "business as usualv despite the manpower shortage. Rushing, although on a smaller scale, continued even fiercer because there were fewer rushees. There werenit as many parties as there had been, but everyone maintained that this year's were "better than everli' In a spirit of mutual preservation, a system of cooperation grew up among the remaining fraterni- ties. Men without houses moved in with those who y i'1""F- l56 had a house but not enough men to Hll it. Some took in bachelor ofhcers as roomersg and a few even man- aged to keep serving regular meals. The turnover within .the fraternities was, terrific as new men were pledged and old ones were called to service. Ofticers changed almost every week. But there was one permanent unifying influence . . . lnterfmternity Council One of the organizations most concerned with the manpower shortage was, oddly enough, not a fe- male oneg but considering the odds against them, the members of the Interfraternity Council, led by President Phil Rosendahl, Vice-president Fred Heckler, and Secretary-treasurer Herb Shane, had a pretty big year. Not only did they sponsor war projects and social functionsg but-of course- they had a lot of fun, too. In the patriotic line, the Council saw to it that every fraternity contributed to the War Chest. With John Christiansen in charge, they boosted the War Bond drive by taking care of tables with the sorori- ties. Red Cross blood donating, which the Council had sponsored until this year, however, was turned over to the Panhellenic Council because, as the boys themselves admitted, "We just didn't have the manpower to do it!" The Council contacted military units located on the campus and posted notices of meetings and social events, but few servicemen were able to attend since they had a limited amount of free time. The big affair of the year was the Interfraternity Ball, committee-chairmaned by Fred Heckler. An informal party, the ball was held at the Commodore Hotel in St. Paul. Rushing rules were practically abolished as there was no formal rushing period. The Interfraternity Council sponsored smokers at the Union during fall quarter. For those fraternities without houses there was off-campus rushing. Fifteen active fraternities pledged about Q00 boys, and Bob Turner was head of the rushing committee. . A new project for this year was post-war plan- ning, under the leadership of Jim Borreson. The pur- pose was to interest fraternities in the post-war period through discussion groups. Many unusual things have happened in the Inter- fraternity Council office this year. During fall quar- ter, the Panhellenic Council moved in with them. A few of the fellows were scared away, but most of them thought it made life around the office much more interesting. Then there were the occasions when they received telephone calls asking for the secretary of Phi Beta Kappa! Many fraternity houses have been inter-fraternity in spirit this year. For instance, living at the Phi Delt house were representatives from Sigma Chi, Beta, Alpha Delt, Delta Tau Delta, Chi Phi and Kappa Sig. The Theta Chi's had Betas, Delts and Psi Us under their room. Not many of the Councilis charges had houses this year, and the proportion of nregisteredv parties was small-but no one complained. One of the few brotherhoods left with living quar- ters was . . . Acacia . . . and the boys made the most of it. They carried on a heavy rushing pro- am all year with parties at the house- I and with the house as a big selling point. They started right out at the begirming of school with a big date luncheon on September 30. Follow- ing that, the fellows had numerous house parties, quarterly dinner-dances, and to Hnish up the year properly, the annual canoe party up the St. Croix river in May. At all social events the pledges were forced to en- tertain by singing a song which usually turned out to be "Ragged but Rightv and which was usually pretty ragged, according to the actives. Within the house, life was not all harmony as battles raged from room to room all year. Fire- crackers and Bob Carlson's "BB" gun kept explod- ing at unexpected moments, doorknobs disappeared so that men couldn't get in their rooms, and Tommy Clareson was locked into a very private room one night. But it was all in fun, and each night the gang got together at the end, sent someone out for chocolate milk and food, and they all had a mid- night snack before retiring. The big men in Acacia this year were also impor- tant people around campus. Bob Carlson was busi- ness manager of The Daily and president of the senior cabinet. Also affiliated with publications was John Dablow, who was president of the Board of Pub, and Bill Peterson, a member of the board. Tommy Clareson worked for a while on Ski-U-Mah, but was most famous for his tour through sorority rushing. Besides these men, there were also Dick Hammel of the All U Council, Bob Biddick of Snow Week and Brock Holmes and Al Dreher of The Daily business staff. Somewhat smaller because of war this year was the Acacia senior class. Members were Robert Carlson, Donald Neubauer and William Peterson. The two juniors were Dwight Chernau- sek and Richard Hammel. Sophomore Acacias were John Dablow, Elridge Dreher, Brock Holmes and Stanley Von Drashek. Those who were freshmen were Theodore Anderson, Irving Anderson, Robert Biddick, John Biersdorf, James Christiansen, Thomas Clare- son, William Dreher, Clarence Hammett, James Jenson, Albert J urgens, Robert Star, John Storrs and James Trier. However, the Acacia's claimed two grad students, Donald Johnson and Duane Norby, and Q7 faculty members including Dean Russell Stevenson, E. B. Pierce and Thomas A. Teeter. Alpha Delta Phi . . . had a big chapter this year as fraternities went--44 men altogether. But most of these were already in uniform, 11 in medicine, two in dentist- ry, a few in the ROTC, and many in the N ROTC. Three of these, Doc Fraser, Ed Babcock, and Ed Robb, got their commissions as ensigns in March and left the campus for active duty. Socially speaking, the Alpha Delts kept up to par, too, having at least two "well-marmeredv parties each quarter. In the fall they had a formal dance and a sleighride later. And spring quarter the tradi- tional White Dragon formal was held as usual. Half of the year, however, the Alpha Delts had no house as the navy had taken over their old house. But in January they rented the Delta Chi fraternity house and winter quarter opened for them with a big cleaning up and redecorating program. Among other things left behind by the Delta Chis was a waif- a white rat which Baldy Borreson im- mediately adopted and christened "Smerdykov', which means "dirty one." Smerdykov soon became friends with all the men and spent the rest of the year as a sort of mascot to the fraternity. The Alpha Delts weren't the only ones to benefit from the Delta Chi house as Monday evenings found the Alpha Delts meeting in one room and the l57 Phi Psis in another room. It was all part of a co- operation scheme between members of the White Dragon. In sports, Bob Herhold was a Gopher track man, Warren Adams, Ed Babcock, and Ed Robb were swimming stars, and Adams was also a member of the tennis squad. Freshman members of Alpha Delt this year were Robert Anderson, Bill Bailey, Charles Bell, James Bierman, Douglas Dixon, John Gould, Dave Hattle- stad, Robert Herhold, Roderick McGeary, Robert Rydholm, and Earl Sonnesyn. Sophomores were Clyde Anderson and Richard Conde, and juniors were Warren Adams, Martin Ad- son, Mark Anderson, Walter Carpenter, Marshal Cederstrand, Charles Conley, Austin Davis, Wyndon Davis, Harry Kuechle, Louis Lick, Charles Linde- mann, Malcolm McGeary, William Morin, Robert Maxeiner, Edwin Robb, Richard Sells, Stephen Taylor, and John Tyrholm. Senior members were Edmund Babcock, James Borreson, William Card, Robert Carlson, Donald Fraser, William Hunter, William Ryan, James Saw- yer, and Porter Wiggins. Alpha Tau Omega Like all the other fraternities, the ATOs felt the man shortage. And they lost their house, too, when the old army Junior ROTC came back to the Uni- versity and moved into ATO quarters. Among the things the fellows talked most about were their old spring and winter formals, their fa- mous Wild West parties, and about the old grads, almost all of whom are in the service and many of them overseas. President of the homeless chapter this year was tall, blond Bill Aldworth who made a name for him- self as a first string tackle with the football team and star wrestler. A new member to the Minnesota chapter this year was Bob Evangson who was a transfer from North Dakota State college at Fargo. Then, too, an old member, Bob Hibbs, who had been gone tempo- rarily to work on the Alcan highway, came back winter quarter to finish up his study of law. The slim chapter lost a man in March when Bob Miller graduated from Engineering and went to work in California. Junior member was Rudy Ev- ingson. One of the dents in khaki was Fritz Ray- man, the one bashful ATO. "He improved before the end of the yearf' his fraternity brothers said. "But maybe it was the Leap Year influencef' l58 fl W D PLEDGE U - ' GK' 1' s wmv -A J 59'-96' 7' -' Q O 04' Mr' P' I Q O A M? f' . D sf A Beta Theta Pi I Under the leadership of president Justy tl Schmit of the V-12 the Betas continue o keep gomg and be Just as active as ever t s l year Deprived of a house by the NROTC the w a a . dlfi :UL - ' r , -' fraternity held its weekly meetings in the Union, carried on with rushing as usual, and had its traditional parties and get-togethers. Along the party line, the Betas gave a hayride and their annual barn dance. The barn dance was considered so important that the fraternity Cand alumsj put on a concentrated rushing drive before hand to get enough new members to insure the dance a success. Unintentionally, it served as a big farewell to navy man Bill Foulke who left at the beginning of the next week and who spent that night in a big apron behind the mix bar. During Christmas vacation the alums enter- tained, giving a dinner for the active chapter at the Minneapolis Club. When Johnny Mclntire had an appendectomy winter quarter, a rush call went out for blood do- nors. Seven Betas made transfusions and afterwards felt entitled to call Johnny their "blood brother" as well as brother in the bonds of Beta Theta Pi. The Betas claim Willkie, McNutt, and thirty-two generals as members of their fraternity. And around campus they claimed a few other notables-John "Tv Adams of the hockey team, Miles McNally of the ROTC and former sophomore class president, Bob Speth who was chairman of the Aero ball, and Mike Barton, resident of the Delta Gamma house. Beta Theta Pi had seven graduate students at the University this year. They were John Alden, Edgar Derrig, William Kelly, John Lauer, Clifford Polski, Warren Stanchfield and Richard Steiner. The senior members of the fraternity were John Barton, Conway Burton, William Foulke, Herbert Gurnee, William Hickey, Eugene Inglebert, Miles McNally, and Robert Speth. Robert Hawes, John Jenkins, Henry Lee, Justin Schmit, and John Wallis were the junior Betas. In the sophomore class were John Barry, Quentin Dunnum, William Huskins, Richard J esperson, George Martin, John McIntyre, Gordon McKinlay, Elmer Thiesse, Richard Tickle, and John Tomlinson. Beta freshmen were Frederick Adams, John Adams, Martin Croze, James Justice, and William Chi Psi E army psychologists probably picked the Chi Psi house with a purpose after seeing the proxim- ity to the V, the deep chairs, billiard tables, and ping-pong tables-a good place to relax after their mental labors. Anyway, the Lodge became their bar- racks, leaving the Chi Psis homeless until February 15. Then the fraternity moved back in, had a house- warming that night. Up till then meetings had been held at Daytons or various members' homes, and secretary-treasurer Bob Kimball had lived at the Phi Gam house. Back in the Lodge, the Chi Psis found themselves short of help. They recruited girl friends to help put the place in order, and for the rest of the winter the men took turns at stoking the furnace. Almost all the active members this year were navy men-V-12, medics, or NROTC. Even the old actives were navy minded. Ten Chi Psi ensigns happened all to meet at the same time at Pearl Har- bor. The fraternity kept track of its men in service with an up-to-date file of names and addresses. They made it a policy for each member to write at least one letter a week to some former brother. Among the army men on campus was Chi Psi Art Hayes, battalion commander of the ROTC. Presi- dent of the fraternity, Sheldon Childs, left before the end of the year to join the ranks of the khaki- clad. Pledge Bob Carley was the most athletic Chi Psi being on both the football and hockey teams. Plym Shedd was also a Gopher hockey player. Owner of two convertibles and "most popular freshman on campusf, according to the Common- wealth party, was Chi Psi pledge Dick Murphy, who ran for council on that political ticket. The senior Chi Psis were VVilliard Crawford, Ar- Lauer. thur James Hayes, Robert Byron Kimball, and Henry B. Tillotson. The junior members of the fraternity were Wil- liam George Atmore, Robert Eldred Carter, Shel- don Mills Childs, Charles Odean Eickhof, George W. Miner, and Hugh Plymouth Shedd. In the sophomore class were Alva Glenn Conley, George D. MacGibbon, Samuel Wilder Prest, and Albert McDonnell Richards. And the freshmen were Bob Carley, and Richard Murphy. Graduate students in Chi Psi were James E. Fear- ing, YVilliam J. Kucera, Joseph L. Sprafka, Robert A. Wood, and Robert L. Wylie. Delta Tau Delta NOTHER fraternity that had to make way for the NROTC was Delta Tau Delta. But the men had another unofficial home, the Phi Delt house, where they had their weekly meetings and where most of the Delts lived. In fact, the Delts were in the majority at the Phi Delt house and got inion all the other fraternity's fun. The traditional Delt feud was with the Dekes, but this year it was postponed until both the frater- nities got back a suflicient fighting force. They did have a fall quarter dance at the Com- modore in St. Paul, and weekly informal get-to- gethers at the Jug and the Bridge. When former member Curley Satterlee came back with double Wings-RAF and United States -the whole chapter threw a dinner-dance at the Minnesotan Hotel in his honor. There were several military men within the chap- ter this year. ROTC commissions belonged to the majority of the brothers. In the navy were Sherman Cooley, James Martin, Paul Samuels, George Swan- son and George Thompson. Back on campus after getting a discharge from the navy was Red Baumann who was a new Delt this year and who was known about the University as the running high jump track champion. Another Delt, Dick Butler, was one of the organizers of vet- erans of World War II. After its beginning, Dick was one of the ofhcers of the University Veterans' Club. Last year's successful Progressive politico, senior class president Bob Larsen, who was still on campus this year on a fellowship, buzzed around getting in on all of the discussions but trying to remain a neutral in the battle. There were just two members each in the senior and junior classes of Delta Tau Delta this year. They were Robert Krogh and Jack Peterson, sen- l59 iorsg and John Zoller and Robert W. Johnson, juniors. The sophomore members of the fraternity were Armin Baumann, Richard Butler, William Droege, John Harker, Victor Leeby, John McNulty, and Lloyd Picard. John N erad and Pierce Thompson were the fresh- man Delts. And graduate students were Robert Lar- sen, James Mitchell, and Jerome Smersh. Delta Upsilon -'Ep-Am-Q This year, as every year, was ofHcially opened when the DUs dragged out their scoreboard and rated the new sorority girls along the row on pledg- ing day. And the DUs followed up their afternoon of judging with a big party at the Nicollet that evening. Luckily right at the time when Minnesota had some snow at the beginning of the winter the DUS gave a sleigh ride at Wayzata. Later, when the snow began to melt to the right consistency, the men had a great snowball fight with both the Chi Omegas and the Gamma Phis. Most heckled member of the fraternity was house manager, Clarence Syvertson. Fiendish brothers spent days clipping coupons for everything imagin- able-love drops, garden seeds, perfume, catalogs, sweetheart club literature-and sent them in under the name of Clara Syvertson. The house manager was swamped, considered going into business of some kind. Outside of men leaving continuously for the serv- ices, the DUs didn,t feel the war conditions in their fraternity life as much as did some other fraterni- ties. Delta Upsilon was one of the minority to retain a house, and one of the very few still able to keep up a kitchen and serve meals. One member the other men will never forget was Gopher-Daily photographer Johnny McGee. Every party began with McGee coming in stag with his camera-every party ended with McGee wolfing on everyone elseis date. Only one senior remained in the active chapter this year, John Adams, and Fred Hickler was the lone junior member. DUs in the sophomore class were George Wright, Roger Patch, and Donald Piccard. The freshmen-a big pledge class-were Philip Anderson, Jim Broker, Lynn Barnes, Jack Christensen, Ward Duel, Lance Qiig a W +A 1 as NPQS-0 Fraser, Ted Garrett, Dave Leuchocrus, John Mc- Gee, Dick Sturre, Clarence Syvertson, and Orrin Vanderwarker. Lloyd Everest was a graduate Delta Upsilon working in the psychology department. Phi Delta Theta The Phi Delts were also one of the few ew, ra ern1 ies wi. a ouse, u .ey on ft 't' 'th h btth l is 4 had three active members to hve m it Q this year. However, it was still as full as usual- as a sort of interfraternity co-op. Altogether, the roomers represented almost every other frater- nity on campus. No meals were served, though, and 5: 45 every evening found the Phi Delts and house- guests strolling down Fourth street to Dinkeytown for dinner. In spite of the size of the wartime chapter, the Phi Delts continued to hold their Monday night meetings, getting together every other week to meet with the alums of the chapter. Talk of the campus winter quarter was the Phi Delts' feud with their neighbors, the Alpha Gams. The fraternity thought it was getting the best of the sorority, but they should have known that women always get the last word. When the Phi Delts got away with releasing a small herd of 15 mice and two white rats in the Alpha Gam house one night, and when they turned the girls, tricks right back on them, they thought they had the battle won. But the sorority, offering to make peace, invited the men over for a party, fed them coke and little cakes they had baked themselves-and when the fellows got back to their house, they all became violently ill from something that had been mixed into the ingredients of the cake frosting. Although fraternities this year were not what they used to be, the Phi Delts liked to look back on the "good yearsi' when they had important men- and what was more important-lots of men and they counted up 138 servicemen who were once ac- tives in the Minnesota chapter-and 40 generals and admirals from the national organization. Sam Baden, the house manager, was really an alum as he graduated last year and became a psych lab assistant at the Uni- versity. And every Friday night during the music season, Sam could be found ushering at the symphony. Another graduate was Henry Colson who was a math instructor this year and secretary of the Phi Delts. ' ' pe 6. S , ful: I60 Phi Epsilon Pi -59 4 . . . tried to carry on this year as nor- Q S mally as possible so that the members in the armed services would be able to re- turn to an active and eflicient fraternity. Altogether, 1926 Phi Epsilon Pi's from the local chapter went into some branch of the mili- tary forces during the last two years. The fraternity was one of the lucky ones to hang on to a house this year although their kitchen was closed and the house boys had to eat out. They had several parties at the house-the most frequent being the Stags held every time one of the brothers came home on a leave or furlough. On New Year's eve they welcomed 19441 with a dance, and later on in the quarter, they gave a party styled after an old cabaret with a pledge skit for entertainment. Then the Phi Eps invited both the SDT and AE Phi sororities over for a "stag,' party. The Phi Eps celebrated three weddings this year -former football player Leonard "Butch" Levy, Harold Devine and Don Rusch. In athletics, they went as far as the semi-Hnals in intramural touchball before being eliminated. Most active member of Phi Epsilon Pi was red- headed Chuck Brin who was always busy doing some dramatic work either in the theater or WLB. The senior class was hardest hit by the war. The men in that class this year were Robert Abrohams, Charles Brin and Stuart Steinman. Phi Eps who were juniors were Ernest Halpern, Morton Harrison, Jack Husney, Arthur J aifee, Stan- ley Karatz, Robert Pill, Doran Unschuld and Laur- ence Wolfe. In the sophomore class were Gerald Friedell, Thomas Ginsberg, Robert Hexter, Donald Silver- man, Marvin Siperstein, Zorra Sussman, Harold Wexler and Albert Goldstein. The freshmen members of Phi Epsilon Pi were Bill Aberman, David Aronsohn, Norman Cohen, Earl Freeman, Leland Gottstein, Morris Katkov, Kalman Lifson, Harold Locketz, Jack Pink, Earl Sagen, Eugene Saxon, Daniel Schwartz and Myron Stulberg. There was one graduate student in school this year, Robert Ginsberg, and faculty members who were Phi Eps were Arthur Mankin and Samuel Weisman. Phi Gamma Delta The Phi Gams had a house half of the year but it didnit do them much good. Most of their men who were still on campus were navy men and 11th Street and University avenue was out of bounds for them. The rest of the Phi Gams still in school were "town" men. Em Consequently, the only Fiji who bene- fited from having a house was Bob Kors- mo who was the house manager. The rest of the big rooms were filled up by navy and army officers with the groups on campus. In the middle of March, the military took over in a big way when the first outfit of WAVES came to Min- nesota and made the Phi Gam house their quarters. The Phi Gams didnit mind the WAVES moving in, but they would have liked to have stayed there too. As a group, the fraternity only managed to get together for Monday night meetings. The present members and some of the faculty alums turned out for those. But they had none of their parties-the famous shipwreck party in the winter and the St. Pat's dance in the spring. They missed these, along with the faces of the actives who had made up the chap- ter two years ago. However, the old grads and former members who didnit get to finish school always came back to visit when they had a leave, and house manager, Kors- mo, kept a file of addresses and letters from the men so the fraternity could keep in touch with them. Overseas were Art Klobe who was a major in the army and Ned Axt who was a navy commander in the Pacific area. In the active chapter this year were seniors Dean Babcock, Dick Cooper, Abe Gardner, Leland Karr, Robert Korsmo, and Eugene Leadon. George Edgerton, Russell Goodson, Thomas Metz, Jack Olsen, Charles Stanley and Warren Week were the junior members. And the sopho- mores were Dick Lundgren and Gordon Handevidt. Charles Butts was a graduate student. Members of the faculty who were Phi Gamma Delta alums were Walter J. Breckenridge, Dr. J. C. Brown, Dr. Frank E. Burch, Mitchell V. Charnley, Dr. George E. Fahr, Dr. Everett K. Geer, William F. Holman, Stanley V. Kinyon, August C. Krey, Dr. Archibald H. Logan, Dr. Erling S. Platou, Dean Henry Schmitz, Eugene Stolarik, Dr. Thurston, and Dr. Weum. Sigma Alpha Epsilon Q The SAEs not only had a house this ' year-they had two of them. July 1 3 51 the army moved in where the SAES , .hr used to live and the chapter had to wig pack up and move out to a new rented l6l home-the old Alpha Rho Chi house. Then on March 1, the army moved out and the SAES hauled everything back to their original quarters. The chapter celebrated home sweet home again with a big wartime house warming-an evening party with a midnight dinner. In addition, the active chapter gave a dinner dance for the pledges and everyone enjoyed a gay New Year's eve party. Several of the SAES still on campus were men in the NROTC, and most of them happened to be bar- racked in the Beta Theta Pi house, so said house became an SAE stronghold. The Betas, being bitter rivals, were not very happy--but that's war, and not much could be done about it. And there were ncharactersi' around the house this year too. For instance, there were Harry Bratnober and Bob Baker who played boogie-woogie piano duets, Hank Cowie and Bud Thomssen of "Casey at the Batv fame, Homecoming chairman--forgetful Ray Grismer, and Technolog editor Gene Andrews. The senior members this year were Jack Cedar- leaf, Paul Coates, Karl Neumeier, John Slatky, Wil- liam Sterling, and Richard Warner. Juniors were John Ahern, Eugene Andrews, Rob- ert Baker, David Bussey, Burton Elvig, Calvin Gold, Raymond Grismer, James Hazen, Robert Ho- dapp, William Johnson, Kenneth Kochsiek, Richard Leversee, Stephen Ramsey, Frank Rutherford, Dave Wentzell, and Robert Wick. Eugene Adamcysek, Richard Anderson, Harry Bratnober, Hank Cowie, Jerry Dunn, Arnold Gil- bertson, Tom Hannaher, Gus Hinterberg, Bob Johnston, Earl Mahachek, Marvin Moran, Floyd Newton, Wes Olander, Bob Peterson, Rod Sanders, Walt Sheflo, Dean Tait, Rohland Thomssen, and Tom Wainwright were the sophomores. The freshmen were Stanton Bombach, Bill Gris- mer, Dick Habein, John Holten, Al Jones, Bill Kelly, George Munger, Loren Palmer, Dick Roh- leder, Jay Skarnes, Bob Turnacliff, and John Watzke. Sigma Alpha Mu Way, way down the row was the Sammy jf house-it was safe from military hands because it was too far away to be in quarters. The Sammies liked their house far away though it was, and every day members could be seen hustling in and out with their bulky tomes of knowledge. Two of the busy SAMS were brothers Marv and Stan Korengold. Stan was executive student direc- r i- cluded with the other army and navy li , I62 tor of the Hillel Foundation, while Marv was vice- president of the All University Council and the Min- nesota Foundation. Other Sigma Alpha Mus in the limelight were boogie-Woogie piano playing president, Burt Harris, cadet commanding oflicer of the University ROTC during the fall quarter, Milt Bellis, NROTC and past member of the freshman cabinet, and Milt Shapiro, all-University servicemen's ping-pong champion. On the social side, activities were built around a rousing Homecoming brawl. They scooped the whole city of Minneapolis on the picture "North Star" when they had a movie-preview party. Un- daunted by a snowless winter, the SAMS went skat- ing - roller-skating - with dates. Mindful also of their intellectual education, the men were addressed monthly by different members of the University faculty. Several faculty men were Sigma Alpha Mu alums. Arthur Marget, economics lecturer, was one of the many Sammies to be in the army this year. Active members of the Sigma Alpha Mu chapter this year were seniors Melvin Gordon, Burt Harris, Marvin Korengold, Melvin Lifson, Harold Ring, Milton Shapiro, and Peter Zimmerman. The junior members of the fraternity were Mil- ton Bellis, Harold Kudish, Martin Raskin and Ar- thur Schwartz. There were two sophomores, Stuart Cohen, and Stanley Strimling. ' . And Sigma Alpha Mu freshmen were Lawrence Berger, Jerome Berman, Sheldon Brooks, William Gross, Harold Grossman, David Laurie, Richard Pritikin, Robert Rosenberg, Sheldon Rubenstein, Robert Share, lVIelvin Sachs, Allen Spector, and Ar- thur Weisberg. Sigma Chi The Sigma Chis turned their house over to the NROTC this year, but the fraternity was almost as active as ever. Weekly meetings were held every Wednes- by day in the Union and a good number of Sigma Chis from the ASTP on campus turned out. Athletically, they did pretty well, winning the two main championships of the year. They defeated the navy in the fall to take the all-University touch- ball crown, and winter quarter they were the win- ners of intramural fraternity basketball. Sigma Chi president Jack Newman was captain of the rifle squad, too, and intercollegiate champ rifle shot. Besides the meetings and the sports, the men managed to get together now and then for a little fun. Tea was served at Freddie's at a combined alum and active chapter party, and as far as so- rority-fraternity battles were concerned, the Sigma Chis had one, too-a rather one-sided affair with the Tri Delts. It was the Sigma Chis who were re- sponsible for the Homecoming decorations disap- pearing and for the privy fire that the Tri Delts had on their front lawn one night. But the girls never fought back, and the men quit heckling them. The Sigma Chis also had memories and future plans. They were proud of Ensign Gar Lippincott, former editor of the Law Review, who crashed while flying for the navy, and Bob Kolliner who was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and five Oak Leaf Clusters. And they missed Lts. Jack Pfister and Carey Gordon with the army, Lt. Ward Oliver with the marines, and Lt. Cj.g.j Jim McGuiness with the navy. Almost all the members of the chapter were seniors this year. They were Melvyn Bolster, John H. Bonbright, Harry B. Buetow, Dave G. McGuire, William J . Muesing, John A. Newman, John Koch, Hal Susie, Richard Tregilgas, and Ralph Mecklen- burg. The junior Sigma Chi was Donald E. Hagstromg and Leo P. Bantle and Jack E. Sewell were sopho- mores. In the faculty there were ten Sigma Chis-they were Earle Arnow, W. E. Brooke, D. H. Davis, D. N. Ferguson, Donald Jarvis, Byron Murthy, Horace N ewhart, R. C. Jordan, Macnider Wetherby, and John Butler. Sigma Nu Q!! . . . defied the war to upset its tradi- ,99 tions this year. The three annual classic - parties were held the same as usual-in E 5 . 'W-7.90 49 the fall, the gala and colorful Planta- tion partyg the top social event of the year in the winter, a costume shipwreck party, and spring quarter a formal dance to put the proper topping on a full year. This year, in fact, the Sigma Nus added a new affair which was planned to be an annual event. They had an old-fashioned basket social with the Kappa Deltas and put all the proceeds in a charity fund. Another contribution of the Sigma Nus to the war was their own chapter house. The army ROTC took it over for quarters and the fraternity men were obliged to hang their hats at the old Phi Kappa Sigma house farther up the row. A number of the men in the chapter were in the athletic limelight. The fraternity entered teams in every intramural sport. New member Arthur Preusch was the 1942-43 national men's champion figure skater, and this year skated in the champion- ships again. Strong man of Sigma Nu was Ivan Do- seff, a member of the varsity wrestling team. One of the most interesting Sigma Nus was a transfer graduate student, J oa da Nevari Figuerido, from Brazil. Another graduate student was the fra- ternity counselor, Louis Hoover who was a member of the education staff working on his Ph.D. The Sigma Nus smoked lots of cigars this year as four members announced their engagements-Rob- ert Turner to Ruth Brandes, Robert Parr to Jane Bolstad, Con Michas to Doris Wildung and Murray Butts to Suzanne Newell. The senior members this year were Robert F. Turner, Rodney Gaumnitz, William Lindgren, and J . R. Jones. Gordon Hatdlestad, Lt. Jim Smith, Handley Cornish, William Johnson, and Robert Pomeroy were the juniors in Sigma Nu. In the sophomore class were Murray Butts, Wil- liam Melander, Con Michas, Bill Reiser, and Win- fred VVichelmann. The freshman Sigma Nus were Jofm Christian- son, Lester Dame, Robert Doyle, Robert Fosdick, John Larson, Harlan Melander, Ernie Moffet, Ar- thur Preusch, Arthur Youngren, and Frederick Michener. Phi Kappa Psi Biggest event of the Phi Psi's year was the annual lVIiners party which came off every bit the same as always-except that there were no swinging doors. Other parties were the White Dragon in the spring, a boogie-woogie reunion when Kenny Green came back after being commissioned an ensign, and nu- merous affairs at Willie lVIorse,s home. The senior Phi Psis this year were Rollis Bishop, Gage Colby, Art Engstrom, John Gilman, Robert Linsmayer, Les Sundstrom, and Gordon Stutzman. The juniors were Richard Bosworth, Howard Feldmann, John Gillam, Herb Horner, Harris Kost, Gunnard Reynolds, John Rutledge, Donald Schultz, and Dave Smith. In the sophomore class were Bob Berglund, Rob- ert Danaher, Robert Fink, Willard Morse, Allen Poehler, John Ryan, Ed Sullivan, Matthew Sutton, Paul Sutton, Clayton Swanson, and Ray Tharp. lvfarshall Bartlett, Dick McFarland, George Nel- son, Kenneth Poehler, John Street, Jim VVhalen, and Scott VVinn were the freshmen Phi Psis. And George lVIoore was a graduate student. l63 Sororities War brought changes to the sororities, too. As everywhere else, the shortage of men was the most noticeable-girls whose men were gone spent Sat- urday nights at home, and most of the evening call- ers were in uniform. The girls kept occupied, though, time formerly taken up by men was diverted into war Work of some kind. Some worked as helpers in hospitals, rolled bandages, or knit squares for Red Cross af- ghans. Houses were crowded and house mothers went mad trying to figure out where everyone was going to sleep, or where they were going to get enough points from the collection of ration books to keep 15 to 20 hungry girls supplied with enough sugar, butter, and meat. Some minor troubles came from other wartime shortages. The DGs were without a phonograph because an essential, but unobtainable, part was broken. The Zeta Tau Alphas and the Pi Phis had some heating worries during the winter, and the Thetas and Gamma Phis had difficulties getting and keeping cooks. But everyone was happy, and when these little problems arose, they said, "C'est la guerref' On Wednesday nights, all the girls gathered around the radios to hear Frankie and those who stayed in on week-ends were consoled by the Hit Parade and a game of bridge. Quarterly parties were held as usual and had a new glamorous military atmosphere. Most dances were given without dinner, though, to keep social expenses down. Panhellenic Council Governing all the 20 academic sororities was the Panhellenic Council under the leadership of Delta Zeta Kay Hornung the Hrst two quarters, and Doro- thy McNiell of Zeta Tau Alpha in the spring. The biggest work of the year for the council came right at the beginning with formal rushing getting underway during freshman week. Mary Rogers, Panhel rushing chairman, was faced with new head- aches brought about by the new quota rushing sys- tem. This plan was introduced to limit chapters to 60, a size of group more adaptable to unity. Sororities which had over 45 members at the beginning of the year were only allowed to pledge 15 girls. Others were allowed the 15 plus one for each number the active chapter was under 45. Despite the new problems and heartbreaks that I64 arose unexpectedly under the quota system, on the whole, the girls considered it successful and after it was all over, the sororities voted to try it for two more years. A few other regulations were also placed on for- mal rushing by the council. Because of the war, the usual dinners were replaced by "desserts" and dec- orations and favors were limited. Also, for the first time the last party of the week was definitely des- ignated as upreferencev night and rushees were sup- posed to accept the invitation of the sorority of their first choice. Altogether the rushing season was more than suc- cessful. More girls went through rushing than ever before and after pledging, both the girls and the sororities were well satisfied. , The rest of the year rushing continued informally under the same rules set by Panhel. All the assorted war services and activities of the separate sororities were coordinated under the coun- cil and several specific programs and drives were organized. An attempt was made to get a 1001, record of blood donations among members of Pan- hellenicg and records were kept of the total number of hours put in by sorority girls on bandage rolling and other Red Cross work, hospital service, and host- essing. During the War Loan drives a schedule was set up whereby each sorority manned a table for one day and competed in taking in the most pledges. The Alpha Phis came out on top in this by pledging 39,877 in war bonds. An activity sponsored by Panhel at the beginning of winter quarter was aimed at securing a greater unity among the sororities comprising Panhellenic. On Monday night, the regular evening for chapter dinners and meetings, five girls from each sorority went to another appointed house to eat and thereby get acquainted better with the girls in the other group. Then afterwards, instead of holding the usual separate meetings, each house conducted a discus- sion of some phase of sorority life and the coeds could join in any discussion at any house they wished. Some of the topics talked about were pledge training, scholarship, public relations, activities, and University planning. But the evening wasn't over then. After the forum groups, the girls all met at Norris gym for competitive sports and games. Later in the quarter, council members were the guests of the Interfraternity Council at a joint meeting at the Phi Gamma Delta house to hear Mr. McClosky of the political science department speak. Four S50 scholarships were awarded by Panhel- lenic for fall and winter quarters. The girls who got them were Joy Nissen of Tri Delt, Corinne Holt of AOPi, DG Ann Bosanko, and Edna Marie Burrill of ADPi. These were given on the basis of scholastic averages and work in activities. In addition, two more 850 scholarships were pre- sented spring quarter and one of S200 to an out- standing foreign student. All in all, it was a busy and good year for Pan- hellenic-there was no shortage of women on this campus, and there was a lot for them to do. First on the list of sorority members . . . had more than a busy year with lots of sorority events and a chapter full nn of activities girls. In the spring, the pledges gave a Wild West party for the actives-complete with costumes and house decorations. And winter quarter they went to the other extreme and had a formal. Social energies were directed into open houses after football games during fall quarter. After win- ning a war bond for selling the most Homecoming ribbons, they celebrated with a Sadie Hawkins party after the game. Not stopped by the ban on Homecoming house decorations, they put theirs on the inside instead of the outside this year, and those who attended the party wore Li'l Abner and Daisy Mae costumes. In spite of the general wartime dearth of men, the Alpha Chi's seemed to have no trouble. Seven of the girls took trips to see the old boyfriends and six got married. The most publicized wedding was the one of Marge Searing, Daily city editor, and Bill Caldwell, last yearls editor and Margieis former boss. It made all the Twin Cities newspapers and the press associations. Head of Charm, Inc., Evelyn Kroemer, demonstrated her knowledge of the sub- ject when she led football guard Ed Lechner to the altar. Other big-wigs among the Alpha Chis were rush- ing chairman Peggy Henry who was president of the Ag AWS, Elsabe Luedke and Kate Worrell of the Union board, Mary Jo Gulbrandson of Cap and Gown, and Bette Blakeslee who left in December to join the air WAC. Alpha Chi seniors this year were Jane Bolstad, :Marjorie Searing Caldwell, Mary Jo Gulbrandsen, Phyllis Hanson, Margaret Henry, Ruth Henry, Lorraine Johnson, Marjorie Kueck, Elsabe Luedke, Gladys McFarland, Joan Swanson, Betty 'Iingloff and Daphine von Rohr. Bette Blakeslee, Olene Bolstad, Norma Christensen, Elea- nor Ford, Gretchen Hines, Rosemary Jarvis, Lois Ann John- son, Marjorie Johnson, Jean lNIuth, Gwenn Radke, Barbara Shippey, Louise Stocke and Ruth Svendsen were jimiors. Members of the sophomore class were Barbara Biersach, Alpha Chi Omega fa 'EZ' Margaret Chant, Dorothy Hooley, Betty Kircher, Mary Jane Kistler, Elinor Kroemer, Audrey McCullock, Elise Perkins, Mary Jane Rehder, Lorraine Selvog, Peggy Stranberg, Doris awordff Maxine Van Guilder, Angela Walsh and Kathryn orre . Freshman Alpha Chi Omegas were Cynthia Andrist, Mari- on Brandon, Jean Cropsey, Pauline De Freece, Alice Elsner, Alice Estes, Marion Fischer, Jeanne Gibson, Helen Gonnella, Betsy Gould, Jean Hanson, Joan Jaquith, Marilyn Johnson, Marion Johnson, Patricia Patrick, Patricia Rawlings and Carol Selvig. Betty Williams was a graduate student. Alpha Delta Pi was a patriotic sorority this year. They led the Panhellenic group in blood dona- tions, held their open houses strictly for servicemen. Later on they gave two more parties at the house for the cadets. Because of the war, the annual fall banquet where the alums met the pledges was held at the house this year instead of at a hotel or the Union. Fall quarter was rounded off nicely with an informal dinner dance at the Uni- versity club. Another ADPi war activity was Red Cross band- age rolling, which might have been partly due to the efforts of all around BWOC, Edna Burrill, who was publicity chairman for the bandagers. Edna was also treasurer of the Ag Student council, a member of the Forum board, and publicity chairman of the Ag AWS. Around the house, the new housemother, Mrs. P. E. McClenahan, had a gay crowd to look after during her first year at ADPi. Quiet hours were hard to keep after Vivienne Rice bought a Hpennyi' game played with marbles and a board, which always brought loud shrieks from the four players. One night as the girls were climbing into their pajamas, they found the arms and legs sewed to- gether. A brief search to see whose pajamas were not stitched up revealed the culprits-Vivienne Rice and Lorraine Hammell. Another well known ADPi was vice-president and pledge trainer Ferne Crispin who was treasurer of Freshman week and chairman of the freshman per- sonnel committee. The Alpha Delta Pi seniors were Janet Anderson, Cecilia Goslin, Donna Martin, Marion Moon, Jean Thielicke, and Marjorie Thomas. This year's juniors were Lyla Mae Anderson, Ethelyn Cheney, Ferne Crispin, Gloria Dickson, Marilyn Dickson, Virginia Kletzin, Charlotte Mix, Jane Morton, Norma Muesing, LaVonne Nelson, Virginia Pickering, Vivienne Rice, and Virginia Wor- ley. - Among the sophomores were Marjorie Baughan, Edna lVIarie Burrill, Jean Griebenow, Lorraine l65 I-Iammell, Dorothy Heath, Barbara Koehn, Clair Lindegren, Marjorie Ann Nelson, Marian Olson, Jean Peterson, Betty Phillips, Rachel Shirey, Bar- bara Schmitt, Virginia Stege, and Jean Tonnesson. And the freshmen in Alpha Delta Pi were Beverly Anderson, Lois Anderson, Helen Archer, Lois Ben- son, Margaret Feudner, Mary Jean Ganley, Beverly I-Iowey, Joyce Johnson, Tess McElwee, Betty Pinska, Mary Reardon, Grace Stork, Jo Ann Wilson and Janet Wray. There were also two graduate members in school, Grace Orvis, and Margaret Turnquist. Alpha Epsilon Phi . . . had a prize pledge class who put on enter- tainment for parties all year long. Just before they were initiated the actives gave them a pajama party. The actives were expecting an AEPhi from Wisconsin and just after everyone had gotten com- fortable, sitting around in pajamas, the guest ar- rived. Then the pledges put on their sketch which was quite on the risque side-in fact, it was the kind of a skit that only girls would give at a strictly hen party. After that, they all had a gab session, and gradually more and more girls began to remark to each other how much the guest looked like SAM Art Weisberg. And when "shew tore off "her" wig, that's just who it was. Because of the war and its inherent shortage of cooks and house-boys, the AEPhis began to learn some of the domestic arts. Betty Himmelman and Betty Swiler, the chiefs of two dish washing crews, went on strike after weeks of finding themselves do- ing all the dishes alone. One Sunday the Phi Delta Epsilon men had been invited over, and when they got there, they found they had to prepare their own refreshments-be cause not one of the girls knew how to make 40 cups of coffee. A club within a club was organized at the AEPhi house when two of the upperclassmen didn't get offices during the chapter elections. In a spirit of fun, they posted signs all over the house recruiting members for their new organization. The requisites for membership were "can't be an officer of AEPhi, canlt have boy friends, canit hold office in AEPhi, mn , W llllfiilIKn.r:,,.,.,l?5 Qjjlil 322322222 - -,- t 'dill ffl Q 5' I66 canit be lovely, can't hold office in AEPhi, can't use Ponds . . . etcf, Marian Fishgall, June Harris, Betty Himmelman, Betty Joseph and Shirley Lasker were the AEPhi seniors this year. The juniors were Betty Brill, Rita Firestone, Bonnie Lapiner, Betty Margulis, Idelle Sher, Irene Stone and Betty Swiler. The sophomore members of the chapter were Marilyn Abrams, Phyllis Broude, Betty Ginsberg, Donna Karon, Rita Karsner, Sarah Levitt, Shirlee Mark, Myra Mersky, Judy Rosenfield, Barbara Segal, Ruth VVeiner, Mildred Weitzman and Lois Yager. The freshmen were Jackie Bronstein, Zetta Fisher, Mildred Henly, Bette Kraskin, Ethlelind Krawitz, Audrey Levy, Jean Levy, Joan Margulies, Barbara Orenstein, Eleanor Peilen, Ruth Phillips- thal, Shirley Sher, Teresa Stein and Connie Yager. Alpha Gamma Delta A The Alpha Gams spent almost the entire year feuding with the Phi Delts next door and in the long run they ended up the victors-but not Without many difficulties. After the fellows had released a horde of mice and rats in the sorority house, the girls put an ad in the paper offering a refrigerator for sale, giving the Phi Delt phone number. When the Phi Delts caught on to the gag they began referring all the calls to the sorority house. About that time the housemother began to get fed up and threatened to quit. Then she thought of a better plan and sent Beverly Raitt, Nancy Hadden and Peggy Young over to the Phi Delt house to answer phones all evening. Immediately the Phi Delts called all the other sororities and fraternities on campus and asked that they all keep calling and keep the girls busy. The girls evened the score later, though, by in- viting the men over for tea and cakes in which they added a new ingredient that caused the Phi Delts much misery the rest of the night. Fall quarter the Alpha Gams had open houses for servicemen and in the winter they gave an informal dance at the Commodore which was marked by the presence of lots more strange people than in previ- ous years. Around the house they had two girls to amuse them when things got dull. Fatty-chatty Patty Boy- lan always had her nose glued to the window and kept everyone posted on who was walking past. Beverly Raitt had a stunt of calling up strange women and saying, "This is Mrs. Smith down at at the church. Can you give me your recipe for fudge?', Then after she had gotten the recipe, the two would have a long conversation about the other people at 'fthe churchfl And no one ever caught on. The Alpha Gams were one of the few sororities to have a house boy, and they had just one-silly Willie Holden- who not only kept their lunches go- ing but did his best to keep them supplied with dates. Senior Alpha Gams were Frances Alford, Harriet Berg, Patricia Boylan, Mary Jane Brewster, Mary Cooper, Eliza- beth Engstrand, Jean Hageman, Tudine Johnson, Jeanne Moritz, June Palleson, Carol Park, Virginia Radabaugh, Ruth Schellenberger and Jean Thurston. Leonette Andrews, Betty Lou Bank, Peggy Bergford, Vir- ginia Cox, Dorothy Eaton, Barbara Elert, Nancy Hadden, Lois Henretta and F lorella Schmidt were juniors. Members of the sophomore class were Mardonna Bartholet, Mary Buck, Patty Chapman, Elinor Comes, Marjorie Crow- ley, Dorothy Deutsch, Patricia Hartnett, Charlotte Lee, Mar- jorie lVIcDougall, Gayle Miesen, Beverly Raitt, Barbara San- dager, Gerrt Schlitgus, Patricia Tousley, Peggy Young and Dorothy Zakowski. Freshmen were Joan Abbott, Barbara Beinhorn, Phyllis Jokull, Mary Louise Limond, Marjorie Manning, Jean Mac- Leod, Mlarilyn Nelson, Joanne Norton, Charlotte Roberts, Lucille Rogers, Suzanne Simmons, Marjorie Vaughn and June Zang. Alpha Omicron Pi carried on as usual this year with parties, pranks and activities, and as a special wartime project the chapter raised money for the post-war rehabilitation of children sponsored by the national organization. The funds were invested in war bonds for safe keep- ing until the time they would be needed after the war. Not forgetting present needs, however, the girls sent their annual Christmas box of toys, clothes and household necessities to the Frontier Nursing Serv- ice in Kentucky. Around the house, the peppy pledge class put the actives on the spot more than once. Not one, but two pledge walkouts were their quota this year. The rest of the girls found the house dark because all the light bulbs were well hidden away, had to serve themselves because the house boys had been sent out to dinner, and when they got ready to dress for their evening dates, they found the contents of closets and drawers all mixed together in one grand mess. Another time the pledges treated the actives to a "backward dinner? Each pledge dressed her spon- sor backwards. A prize went to Edith Graves, the most fantastic looking active. The group was full of busier-than-ever coeds this year. Skum co-editors Larry Cooney and Mary Jean Schafer inhabited the basement of Murphy Hall. And running back and forth from Eddy Hall to the Music building was Corinne Holt who played the lead in "The Womeni' and was active in WLB. Other outstanding girls among the well known AOPis were Joan Clarke of the Union Board, Betty Radke, the only woman statistics major at the Uni- versity, and Jean Mitchell and Pat Mauritz who sang and danced at the servicemen's shows. AOPi seniors were Joan Clarke, Lorraine Cooney, Eleanor F rankosky, May Lenore Hilger, Mary Vir- ginia lVIcVay, Marjorie Pomeroy, Elizabeth Radke, Mary Jeanne Schafer and Maxine Skocdopole. The juniors were Alice Anderson, Ann Cassidy, Arvilla Deutschlander, Corinne Holt, Shirley John-- ston, Patricia Mandt, Marian Nordal and Joyce Toren. Members of the sophomore class were Marian Beebe, Florence Bouthilet, Charlene Carlson, Mari- an Cornelius, Jeanne Crahn, Cecile Eckhoff, Eleanor Frisch, Barbara Fulton, Edith Graves, Doris Heisig, Helen Patricia Hilger, Marguerite Lux, J earme Mit- chell, Marjorie Mott, Margaret Nelson, Nancy N ewtson, Marjorie Polansk and Lorraine Steadland. And the freshmen of the sorority were Dorothy Bettendorf, Joyce Bloeser, Maxine Brink, Patricia Carson, Audrey Dannecker, Elizabeth Eckhoff, Bet- ty Harbo, Stellamae Hart, Jean Hruza, Helen Mae Lethert, Patricia Mauritz, Marguerite Norris, Kath- leen Overpeck, Colleen Summy and Jean Wolker- storfer. Alpha Phi 1.1521 took part in all kinds of war services this 6 E3 year. Twice they won the campus bond BQ' drive-last spring in collaboration with the Psi Us and winter quarter by selling 89,877 worth of war bonds and stamps. The Alpha Phis were especially interested in the Fourth War Loan because their own Joey Dedolph was chairman of the campus campaign and was instrumental in getting Dennis Morgan and Arline Judge to make an appearance. Joey was also the Panhellenic war efforts chair- man. Head of the blood donating of University stu- dents was dark and sophisticated Betty Sweeney. And Jane Wyman had charge of the servicemen's Christmas parties put on by the Red Cross. Members, however, were active in other Univer- sity work, too. Betty McEnary was an editorial as- sociate and artist for Ski-U-Mah. On the YWCA sophomore cabinet was Donna Lou Anderson. Jim- my Moorman and Jean Northrop were on the Charm, Inc., committee and Jean did all the posters I67 for the severally planned Winter Weeks which never came off. Girls around the house this year missed their old housemother, "Mummy" Hall, who left them after having been there for 16 years. Ann Hustad sur- prised the group one day by getting up and inviting them all to her wedding the next day to Deke Jim Watson who was home on a very short furlough. Alpha Phi seniors this year were Frances Cole, Dorothy Guthunz, Betty McEnary, Eleanor Lam- pert, Shirley Power, Barbara Streeter and Gabrielle Weinhagen. Mary Arveson, Alice Barthelemy, Nancy Bron- son, Eleanor Mayne, Jane Macfadden, Marjorie Stehman, Betty Sweeney, Janet Thomas and Betty Ann Webster comprised the junior class. The sophomores were Julianne Barnum, Mary Bombach, Rosamond Carpenter, Joey Dedolph, Jane Delander, Marian Delander, Nancy Doelz, Rachel Dorsey, Virginia Dwinnell, Carolyn Eriksen, Virginia McClure, Jean Northrop, Shirley Reidel, Isabel Ringer, Jane Samels, Nancy Smith, Catherine Winter and Jane Wyman. And the freshman members were Donna Lou An- derson, Marjorie Boberg, Nancy Briscoe, Carolyn Comer, Janet Cousineau, Barbara Douglass, Juli- anne Farnam, Nancy Hanlon, Dorothy Hatheld, Joanne Knebel, Marilyn Robertson, Martha Ross- man, Mary Ryan, Polly Sanford, Peggy Skinner, Sally Lou Taylor, Joanne Ward and Betty Wyman. Graduate student was Nancy Northrop who also worked as a psych lab assistant. Alpha Xi Delta . . . this year had at least one girl in every college of the University with, strangely enough, a balance in favor of engineering. Three Alpha Xi Deltas were Pratt-Whitney students, one was a Curtiss-Wright cadette and one was in the Institute. The last one, Ann Bennett, used her sliderule knowledge to work on Technolog during her extra hours. Both parties given by the sorority were at the chapter house. Fall quarter they entertained the en- signs stationed on campusg and winter quarter, just for variety, they had a party which turned out to be entirely civilian-only one serviceman was there and he was unofficial because he was the brother of one of the girls. One open house for servicemen was cancelled when one of the girls came down with what looked like measles. But they had to have it anyway because the military quarters neglected to take the invitations off their bulletin boards. When I68 men began arriving, an emergency call went out for cokes and food. Between parties, the Alpha Xi Deltas had the house redecorated and acquired a cook after a long search. Two months later, that cook left for a better job, but while she had been at the Alpha Xi house she had become friends with the Acacia cook across the street, so she persuaded the Acacia cook to come take her vacated place. The Acacias were so mad that the girls considered asking them all over for dinner as a peace offering. Rooming together at the house were two Daily workers, Gerry Sohle and Helen Paulson. Gerry was sports editor two quarters and became the big edi- tor spring quarter. She wasnit around the house often as she was usually working in the office or at the Daily shop, but when she was there, art column- ist Helen cried on her shoulder about the lack of art news. Senior Alpha Xi Delta members were Evelyn Hepworth, Rolline Johnson, Audrey Olson and Mil- dred Peterson. In the junior class were Mary Alice Dietrich, Eleanore Kuhlmann, Adeline Mattila, Ruth Salz- man and Geraldine Sohle. The sophomores were Mary Alice N utter and Jean Pritchard. Ann Bennett, Angel Bram, Marjorie Fletcher, Shirley March, Virginia Reid and Jean Rice were the freshmen. Besides this there were two unclassified and four graduate Alpha Xi Delta students in school this year. They were Muriel Sears and Elois Severinson, unclassified, and Betty Baumgartner, Betty Hobbs, Helen Paulson and Joan Stai, graduates. Chi Omega ba was the sorority with the most important ' campus leaders. Among these were three V219 presidents - Elizabeth Bird, first woman president of the All U council, Sally Sjoselius of AWS, and Virginia Wildung of Omicron Nu. Liz was also a member of Mortar Board-just one of a long line of lVIortar Board Chi Os which in- cluded Jean Grismer and Carol Aichele. Another Chi O big shot was Elaine Campbell who was one of the five Homecoming queens. All the girls were smart. The Panhellenic scholar- ship was awarded to the chapter fall quarter for the highest sorority average. In the fall, the Chi Os gave a gay formal dance at the St. Paul hotel at which there was a definite pre- dominance of navy men. They went informal in the winter, however, for a party at the Curtis. The navy came through again when Howard Woody of the N ROTC and Joyce Lindeberg passed candy. Three Chi Omegas from Northwestern were special guests at that party but it wasn't entirely a Chi O dance because three Delta Gammas crashed it before the end of the evening. The girls who lived at the house were crazier than ever this year. At 2 a.m. one night during fall quar- ter a funeral march and burial at sea was held for Marge Eustisis dead gold fish. During the strike confused Joyce Lindeberg called President Coffey and asked, "Are there going to be classes today or not?', And she was embarrassed when the President apologized, "I donit know. Fm sorry if I've incon- venienced youf, This yearis Chi Omega seniors were Joan Ander- son, Barbara Ballou, Elizabeth Bird, Jean Griflin, Harriet Gasser, Eleanor Johnstone, Ellen Powell, Sally Sjoselius, Jane Sullivan and Virginia Wildung. The juniors were Sally Bruno, Kathleen Busse, Betty Cudworth, Florence Debel, Dorothy Denk, Marjorie Eustis, llflary Katharine Ewing, Ruth Forbes, Muriel Johnson, Phyllis Johnson, Virginia Kuck, Audrey Ladd, Joyce Lindeberg, Mary Meh- lin, Mary Louise Premer, Barbara South, Marilyn Stromgren, Betty Whiting, Elaine Wilson and Jean Zierke. Margaret Ann Connell, Sally Gilbert, Helen Hart, Mary House, Jean Legler, Patricia McCarthy, Mar- tha Melstrand, Jean Newhouse, Harriet Northfield, Barbara Robertson, Harriet Schaffer, Lois Sham- berger and Mary Lou Souther were the sophomores. The freshmen Chi Omegas were Helen Brisbois, Joan Clark, Alice Coleman, Marcella Larson, Vivian Lenker, June Mackley, Nancy Main, Roberta Oes- tereick, lllarie Olsen, Lorraine Pouliot, Patricia Ryan, Peggy Storm, Elizabeth Wagner and Jean- nette Wuertz. Delta Delta Delta Q The Tri Delt house was one of the favorite parking places on sorority row this year-stray objects were always turning up somewhere on their property. Homecoming day, the girls woke up and found a Wooden football as big as a person on their front porch. Some fraternity jokers had taken one of the large campus decorations and put it there. Then one night later in the quarter, a fire broke out in their front yard and when the fire department ar- rived they found it was a small park board work shack that someone had put there and set on ire as a joke. N The Tri Delts noticed no man shortage because engagements and marriages were frequent in the chapter. An average of one box of candy was passed every Monday night, and Betts Bridgeford became Mrs. Robert Orvis just one week after being co- chairman of the marriage course. They fought with one group of men when the Betas challenged them to a snowball ight, but they were nothing but nice to another group of men- the servicemen. They held open houses for them and a group of five Tri Delts, Betts Bridgeford, Evelyn Storberg, Jeanne Monick, Ruth Odegard and Lois Johnson, entertained for monthly servicemen's dances. Jeanne Monick, who was president of Masquers and played Wendy in the Theater's presentation of "Peter Pan," became famous when she had lunch with Lillian Gish when she visited the campus. Four of the sixteen members of Cap and Gown were Tri Delts. Betty Bridgeford Was vice-president, Helen Dytert secretary, and LaVonne Wagner and Martha Kennon members. On Ski-U-Mah, the Tri Delts had business manager Ruth Drommerhausen and circu- lation manager Elinore Hagen. And Joy Nissen was reelected president of the Red Cross bandage rollers supervisors, club and was a member of Union Board. Tri Delt seniors were Mary Lou Bertelson, Marjorie Cor- win, Helen Dytert, Evelyn Espeseth, Elinor Hultkrans, Mar- tha Kennon, Marie Levie, Jeanne Monick, Ruth Odegard, Betty Orvis, Jane Owen, Barbara Pearson, Mary Eileen Rich- ards, Evelyn Storberg and Patricia Walters. The juniors were Barbara Benson, Mary Louise Carlson, Ruth Drornrnerhausen, Joan Dytert, Elinore Hagen, Barbara Holst, Bettye Johnson, Winnie Marlink, Marilyn Merritt, Joy Nissen and Lois Peterson. The sophomores were Helen Anderson, Barbara Barton, Joann Dedon, Anne Edmonds, Shirley Fesler, Eleanor Gray, Barbara Hubbard, Jane Hultkrans, Lois Johnson, Mary Lou Leonard, Gail Mordaunt, Frances O'Connor, Phyllis Oehler, Alice Owen, Shirley Rynda, Margot Schmitt, Audrey Swensen, Jean Waite, Fayette and Patricia Weyand. And the freshmen Tri Delts were Gladys Cox, Mary Dack, Marcie Dahle, Enid Erickson, Phyllis Knudson, Janice Lind- vall, Bette McGillivray, Barbara Nordstrom, Mary Ann Pal- mer, Alice Passoneau, Peggy Reisdorf, Patricia Rooch and Marian Scott. I69 Delta Gamma The DGs spent the year trying to keep up with their progressive president, Ruth Cole, who always had new projects for the EESJ4' girls to think over. Ruth was always one step ahead of the rest, but the biggest surprise of the year was when she became Mrs. Russell Nash with- out anyone but the housemother, Mrs. Dafoe, know- ing about it ahead of time. There was lots of variety to the chapter dinners. The first quarterly scholarship banquet was a "worry bird" affair held just before Halloween, and decorations consisted of orange and black worry birds symbolizing the agony of intellectual effort. Winter quarter, the tables at the scholarship dinner were separated into heaven, hell, and purgatory. The annual Christmas party was also language night, and each table represented a diHerent country. The French table sang "Minuit, Cretiensi' and "Frere J acquesf, The constituents of the Latin table sang "Adeste Fidelesn and wore sheets draped about them and grapes in their hair. The house girls shrank almost to nothing this year as strenuous dieting continued month after month. Mac, the cook, worried that the girls didn't like her food, but they kept on, had contests to see who could lose the most the fastest until Betty Prosser found that dieting had made her pulse drop to 46 when she went to donate blood. Winter quarter, the DGs welcomed back Ginny Taylor who had been Jean Arthuring in Washing- ton, D.C., for a while. But they lost Mrs. Nash and politico Jeanne McQuarrie who switched her field of action to medicine. Other Delta Gammas known about campus were Babeta Hofmeyr and Barbara Barnard of the Y, Anne Bosanko of AWS, and Pratt-Whitney girl, Liz Bollman. Members of the senior class were Barbara Barnard, Eliza- beth Bolhnan, Anne Cleveland, Ruth Cole Nash, Babeta Hof- meyr, Jeanne McQuarrie, Patricia Neumann, Kathleen Orr, Barbara Pond, Ollie Bose Stubblefield, Edith Taylor, and Pa- tricia Weld. Marjorie Carlson, Ruth Caustin, Nancy Critchett, June Herrick, Virginia Maher, Katherine Newcome, Betty Prosser, Mary Jean Rogers, Margaret Roth, Marjorie Seybold, Bar- bara Smith, Virginia Taylor, and Mary Webster were juniors. The sophomores were Betty Bell, Anne Bosanko, Peggy Brainard, Cynthia Brooks, Mary Dill, Laura Haverstock, Dorothy Haynes, Janet Jacobson, Peggy Johnston, Margaret Lowry, Camille Martineau, Mary Meier, Barbara Olmsted, Ruth Otterstein, Patricia Percival, Virginia Pickhardt, Eliza- beth Preus, Anne Taylor, Ruth Tjossem, Andrea Ueland, and Margaret Wilkins. Freshmen Delta Gammas were Charlotte Anderson, Jean Bollman, Kathryn Brown, Adelaide Hustad, Mary Gray Koehler, Maryann Krecklow, Rita Ann Rotering, Cynthia Wahl, Mary Wallace, Martha Way, Millicent Weld, and Vir- ginia Woodruff. I70 f 4 ' W 1 , ., A hm. 'T 9 2 ii 3. W Delta Zeta "Come into our parlor," said the Delta Zetas-and they had good reason to in- vite visitors. Their new house - the com- pletely redecorated and feminized Theta Xi house-had a blue front door. The door seemed trivial to non-believers, but as the year progressed, the old superstition that a blue door indicated mar- riageable daughters within seemed to come true. Lois Radke and Carol Jane Gorder announced their engagements, and Joanne Joy married Mel Osborne, president of Delta Chi. Everything was new for the Delta Zetas this year -along with the new house came a new house- mother, Mrs. Teagardin Montgomery, and a new house president, Irene Seward, who was kept busy reading the reams of V-mail that came from her hus- band in England. Also new-just pledged this year -was Edith Kelly who was voted "Girl we would most like to go J ap-hunting with in a tropical jun- gle" by the crew of the U.S.S. Lexington. President Kay Hornung was doubly active, being prexie of the Panhel council, too. But her biggest job was in keeping the beginning acting assignments of Rosie Harding within bounds. Rosie was forced to act out "things" and the chapter never forgot the two weeks that she had to be a "fountain penf, The sorority threw a "little kidv party in the fall, under the supervision of Mary Lynne Connor, and pledges and actives alike imagined themselves back in the good old days, ate animal crackers, and dropped clothespins in milk bottles. Delta Zeta kept up on its war work, too, and the girls filled their quotas every week with bandage- rolling and hostessing. Seniors in Delta Zeta this year were: Kay Horn- ung, Mary Mills, Irene Seward, Barbara Langland Stout, Margaret Warren, Mary Wolff and Helen Fairfield. I Junior members were: Peggy Oliver, Barbara An- derson Seidel and Billie Pringle. Sophomores in the sorority were: Jean Anderson, Mary Lynne Connor, Marjory Frank, Joanne Gregg, Rosemary Harding, Carol J entoft, Joanne Joy, Ione Kraemer, Billie Lundy, Joan Schiefelbein, Marilou Stannard and Peggy VVipperman. Freshmen were: Betty Dunning, Barbara Glid- .E - den, Jane J anft, Helen Hornung, Edith Kelly, Doro- thy Ann Papick, Marilyn Redeen, Florence Simon- elli, Margaret Slifer and Joyce Snow. Graduate students were Shirley Garlock and Carol Jane Gorder. Gamma Omicron Beta HE first activity of the year turned out to be plenty of hard work for the Gamma Betes. They moved into the Alpha Gamma Rho house in August-all concerned thought it was a fine ar- rangement for most of the AGRs had gone to war and their house would have been empty otherwise. But they still had a standing invitation to dinner at their old house whenever they were in town. For the war effort, the Gamma Betes sponsored a successful blood donation drive on the Ag campus - but they didn't stop there. They put their knowl- edge of Home Economics to use and baked cookies for the Red Cross to send to servicemen for Christ- mas, knitted afghan squares and rolled bandages. In the spare time they had left, the girls went out with air corps, ASTP and navy men. The Gamma Omicron Beta fall dance was held at the house this year, saving them S100 which was then invested in a war bond. For their open house they chose the same day as a blizzard, but mobs of people came anyway. GOB was well represented in all campus activi- ties. Jeanne Vollbrecht, winner of this year's Little Red Oil Can, was a member of Mortar Board, Mar- ion Harvey was a member of the All U council, Donna Caldwell was vice-president of the senior cabinet and on the Ag student council. Aileen Shan- non of the Board of Pub was the first woman presi- dent ofthe Ag Union board. All in all, the record of the Gamma Betes for the year was-three on the senior cabinet, two in Cap and Gown, one on Mortar Board, eight in Phi Up- silon, three in Omicron Nu, four each on the Ag student council and Union Board, one on the All U council, three Home Economics association officers, and one member of the Board of Publications. The seniors this year were Arle Mae Arnason, Marion Beh- rendt, Donna Caldwell, Eleanor Christenson, Carol Gibson, Wildie Greenwood, Lila Hinze, Shirley Hovde, Elizabeth Markhus, Doris McCracken, Margaret Reasoner, Margaret Robertson, Dorothy Schroeder, Aileen Shannon, June Trovat- ten, Helen Utne, and Jeanne Vollbrecht. The juniors were Margaret Becker, Naomi Callerstrom, Jeanne Dutcher, Mary Engelhart, Marian Flanagan, Phyllis Harrington, Marion Harvey, Betty Hemmersbaugh, Jean Holmgren, Aileen Hompe, Lucille Jolmson, Vivian Johnson, Shirley Jones, Lois Lynch, Ardys Peterson, Carol Pierce, Elizabeth Sanders, Margaret Shadick, Audrey St. Cyr, Ann Thompson, and Gloria Trantanella. Audrey Becker, Eleanor Brassett, Svea Ferm, Helen Han- son, Betty Harbin, Katherine Hein, Lorraine Omholt, Vir- ginia Paulson, Marion Reid, Phyllis Rose, Mary Elizabeth Sanderson, Phyllis Shannon, Lois Todnem, Shirley Trantanella, and Shirley Trovatten were the sophomores. Freshman Gamma Betes were Lorraine Bjorgo, Nancy Caldwell, Lois Foster, Patricia Greve, Lois Gronholz, Anne Jensen, Mary Jolmson, Maryanne Jones, Hildegard Nypan, Marlys Rasmussen and Lyla Mary Worden. Gamma Phi Beta M Gamma Phi activities were much the same as usual this year except that they started the season with no cook. They got one by the end of the quarter-and then discovered she was something of an individual- ist- too much so for a sorority house. Fall quarter the chapter held an informal dance with a dinner at the house beforehand, and dinner and dancing both were given at the University Club in the winter. Showing a good inter-sorority feeling, the Gamma Phis invited the entire Delta Gamma chapter over to hear Mr. McClosky speak at one of their Mon- day night meetings. The other party of the year was when the alums took their "town daughtersi' to luncheon at 510 Groveland. The pledges kept the actives on their toes all year. When actives arrived at the house the night of the pledge walk-out, they found biffy seats and door knobs covered with honey-and more than one active bears the nick-name "honey" since that incident. At chapter dinners the pledges did a take- OH of their freshman trip through the Health Serv- ice and put on a style show which turned out to be a satire on other sorority girls and general fashions. The whole sorority returned to their childhood one night when the house girls began to play Washington Poke and Hide-and-Go-Seek through the house. It broke up when Ellen Stephen got stuck in a trunk she was hiding in. Some of the outstanding personalities in Gamma Phi Beta this year were Jean Danaher, chairman of Freshman VVeek and a member of Union Board, Laura Bell McKusick, chairman of the Progressive party and All U Council member, Marjorie Speer, president of SWECC, Carol Burns of the All U Council, Barb West of the Gopher, and Alice Com- backer, office manager of The Daily staff. The seniors were Carol Burns, Roberta Carlton, Margaret Claar, Alice Combacker, Jane Humiston, Sally Leuthold, Laura Bell McKusick, Dorothy Nelson, Anne Phillips, Mari- lyn Radichel, Nlary Elizabeth Schmitz, Barbara West and Ruth Windmiller. In the junior class were Martha Carey, Jean Danaher, Muriel Franceschina, lvfarian Funne, Evelyn Jorgensen, Ellen Stephen, Barbara Allen Thomson and Jean Trout. Sophomores were hfary Hart Anderson, Pricilla Baston, P' x sd I7I Virginia Brimhall, Genevieve Butts, Mary Patricia Carlin, Mary Dahlman, Judy Davis, Marilyn Dean, Jacqueline Deutsche, Frances Erickson, Marjorie F arnquist, Anne Hamel, Emmy Lou Hellie, Ruth Hodgson, Marian Holbrook, Bernette Isaac, Margaret Kimpel, Elizabeth Ladd, Mary Lou lN1cLear, Frances Mary Michael, Margaret Montonna, Pat Phillips, Ruth Sage, lVIarjorie Speer and Ruth VVhite. And the freshman Gamma Phis were Jeanne Allen, Marilyn Ashley, Dorothy Butcher, Jean Dixon, Mary Carroll Don- nelly, llflickey Enos, Susan Getchell, Gloria Granheld, Bertha Lou Horner, Joan Lindsay, Jean Lee, Lorraine Mann, Mar- jorie Sherman and Jean Watson. Kappa Alpha Theta It used to take "a prim, a pure, an old- fashioned girl to be a KAT," but this year it took a group of resourceful girls to handle all the war conditions v which hampered sororities. One of the Thetas biggest worries which heckled them all year long was the getting and keeping of a cook. During the times when they had no cook, the Thetas had to shift for themselves. But motivated by a desire to eat meals cooked by someone other than themselves, they searched fran- tically for a cook and stopped at nothing to get good food again. When they were finally successful, the new cook was treated royally and the mothers, club gave a shower for her. To meet the transportation situation, the Thetas gave up driving individual cars and bought a ,31 Ford named "Bessie,, which would accommodate 13 girls and served as the chapter station Wagon. Like most other sororities, the Thetas helped the war effort by hostessing, bandage rolling, and blood donating. And in January they put on a drive of their own to collect books for patients at the vet- erans' hospital. There were many well-known Thetas about cam- pus and sorority row this year. Two of them were queens-Barbara Matson of the Aquatennial and Rosemary Young of Homecoming. Vice-president and pledge trainer Mary Rogers was a member of the All U council and the senior cabinet and was Panhellenic rushing chairman. Copy editor of the Gopher was Theta Monie Ey- ler who had a busy month of December when she announced her engagement, graduated, and joined the WAVES all at once. Other Thetas who were just natcherly outstanding were Dorothy Babcock and Mena Clefton who had three point averages, Babe Keller who looked like a carbon copy of Hedy Lamarrg and Sada Sahagian who was tall, dark and romantic looking. The Theta seniors were Elizabeth Bricker, Miriam Cowie, Mirth Durbahn, Monie Eyler, Harriet Helmick, Billie Kolb, Carolyn Kuhr, Shirley Palmer, Mary Rogers and Sada Saha- gian. l72 Nancy Arntsen, Louise Chesley, Janet Garlock, Mary Kay Harding, Nancy Johnson, Patricia McKeon, Mary McPl1eet- ers, Louise Smith, Betty Ann Stone, Janet Thayer, Thanna Weidlein and Mary VVhitaker were the juniors. Members of the sophomore class were Lota Ahrens, Mena Clefton, Isabelle Culligan, Barbara Diecken, Martha Gold, Natalie Keller, Jeanne Leach, Barbara Sensenbrenner, Ruth Stryker and Rosemary Young. The freshmen of Kappa Alpha Theta were Dorothy Bab- cock, Margaret Backlund, Elizabeth Blacktin, Jane Cox, Phoebe Craswell, Dorothy de Lambert, Nancy Draheim, Mary Ellen Endicott, Jean Genter, Mary Helmick, Rosita Hofrnei- ster, Grace Hurd, Barbara Matson, Theo Nagel, Jane Neale, Mary Ellyn Palmer, Patricia Perry, Judy Regan, Jeanne Rogers, Nancy Walters and Geraldine Wiggins. Kappa Delta W 'T . . . celebrated its twenty-fifth anniver- A sary on campus this year, and formalities were properly taken care of at a big ban- quet at the Leamington Hotel fall quar- ter. Also in the fall was a gay hay ride which replaced the usual annual autumn formal dance-but the informality was enjoyed just as much by everyone. Next quarter the chapter had a basket social with the Sigma Nus. The girls fixed lunches in beautiful- ly decorated boxes, which they made themselves, and the fraternity men bid for them-all the pro- ceeds went to the Chinese War Relief. However, the KDS were not always on such friendly terms with the Sigma Nus. One night win- ter quarter the girls took the electric Greek letter sign from the front of the Sigma Nu house, kept it a few days, and then sent it back express. The Sig- ma Nus never knew who did it, but they thought that only the SAEs would be dirty enough to pull a stunt like that, so they in turn took the SAE sign, then called them and told them the Alpha Delts had done it. The SAEs weren't so stupid though, smelled a snake in the grass and went to call on the Sigma N us. Meantime the Sigma Nus prepared hazards around their house for the approaching Alpha Delts, put a pail of water over the door. But when the Alpha Delts came, the bucket of water fell on the Sigma Nus own counselor. 'While all this was going on, the KDS sat smuggly back, and no one ever suspected .them of having anything to do with it. KDS felt no manpower shortage and lots of dia- monds and fraternity pins were sported by the girls. A count revealed that altogether six fraternities were represented in the house. Men were ignored during final weeks, however, while the girls stayed in to cram--then ended up all playing solitaire furiously until no studying at all was done. Along the war work line, the KDS claimed four Red Cross supervisors--their president Harriet Wilcox, Isabel Boie, Lou Esther Sellner, and Betty Jane Shaughnessy. Jean Bergh, KD with the most dates for the year, was soloist at the University Chorus concert. The senior members of Kappa Delta were Harryet Ander- son, Jean Bergh, Roberta Dawson, Avona Hatling, Louise Kranstover, Loretta Muilenburg, Kitty lVIae Prochaska, Har- riet Wilcox, and Jane Wrenn. The juniors were Eleanore Behr, Laura Mae Berdan, Cherry Cedarleaf, Alice Gunn, Edythmae Hubbard, Virginia Hoffman, Katheryn McKinney, Ora Mae Quast, Thelma Smith, Betty Jane Topel and Melva Walker. In the sophomore class were Muriel Anderson, Winifred Anderson, Isabel Boie, Verona Kjenstad, Pat Malerich, Edna- dell Nelson, Lois A. Peterson, Betty Jane Shaughnessy, Shir- ley A. Smith, La Mae Tilquist and Doris Wildung. Jean Adkins, Sue Banning, Lorraine Carlson, June Elling- son, Eunice Guilleland, Jean Godberson, Joan Grogan, Gloria Lathrop, lVIary Rae Maid, Mary McChesney, Charlotte Nel- son, Noreen O'Callahan, Lou Esther Sellner, Joyce Tucker, Elizabeth Walker, Lois Zaiser and Dorothy Zimmerman were freshmen. Leonore Ostergren was a Kappa Delta graduate student. Kappa Kappa Gamma '37 The sophisticated Kappas went their way 'Q I added hours put in on war work. The whole chapter went out for bandage roll- ing, blood donating, and hostessing. Libby Bohen put in several hours a week as a nurses aide at Uni- versity hospital and by March she had 500 hours of service to her credit. The Kappa fall quarter party, which was given December 18, turned out to be a bit of morale lifting war work, too, as 15 air corps cadets were there as guests. And a week later, at Christmas time, the whole chapter made decorations for the OCD. Another night, a box of candles was "passed," to the surprise of Nancy McCabe, announcing her en- gagement to Ensign Bob Lieb. On a more serious side were the Monday night lectures by Mr. McClosky on political parties and by Dr. Conger on India. Some of the Kappas played volleyball and basketball in the inter-sorority ath- letic league. Among the Kappas known around campus was Sally Pearson who was judged DU dream girl dur- ing fall rushing. Secretary of the All U council was busy little Deeda Goodman and a past Kappa mem- ber of the Council was Mary Rumble whose young sister, Sally, worked on the Gopher business staff this year. Bee Caley had the big job of chairman of the campus chest. Besides these there were many Kappas who were just well known around campus such as Mary Bell, Helen Linsmayer and president Margaret Quigley. The seniors in KKG this year were Bonnie Boyd, Susan Eichorn, Cordelia Goodman, Mary Kay Kohlbry, Helen Lins- mayer Christine Meyerding, Helen lNIcKinley, Mary Alice 419 ' pretty much as usual this year except for 'S-,4 McNeil, J enane Binder, Margaret Quigley, and Mary Rumble. Those who were juniors were Elizabeth Bohen, Nora Boyd, Anne Brunsdale, Harriet Caley, Helen Endsley, Jane Glass, Eleanor Hart, Nancy Hauser, Elizabeth Herbert, Sally Rumble, Margaret Stenstrom, Barbara T earse, and Mary Ellen Wyer. The sophomores were lVIary Dodge, Mary Alice Eggleston, Betty Hitch, Trevanion Hugo-Smith, Shirley Anne Huntley, Virginia Locke, Nancy McCabe, Margie Milbert, Jane Parks, Ann Rothschild, Suzanne Satterlee, Anne Stringer, Gloria Swanson, and Katherine Washbum. And Kappa freshmen were Mary Louise Caley, Caroline Congdon, Marge Evert, Barbara Grandin, Madeleine Jaffray, Patricia Knight, Julia Lineberger, Mary Jeanne Linsmayer, Janet Miller, Sally Nesbit, Suzanne Nevius, Sally Pearson, Ann Quigley, Mary Lee Spencer, and Mary Alice Volk. I I Pl Beta Ph: -:Wt-. 'gi' '-rg, The Pies had heating trouble because of the war. In former years, they had all 'nj' 05' gathered around a comfortable fireplace, gr. 41' but the house council abolished that this 'J' year because it smoked up the house. Some of the girls, however, had their love to keep them warm. The whole chapter followed dentist Jack Van Ost's progress - on the piano and with his girl-friend, Jane Lind. Each time he came to see Jane he walked in and began playing "As Times Goes Byn on the piano. When he first started visit- ing the Pi Phi house, he could only pick it out with one finger-but by the end of the year, it really sounded professional. They had two special programs at chapter din- ners. At the faculty dinner, it was a non-faculty member who made the hit of the evening-Mr. Doyle, the husband of Mrs. Doyle of the sociology department, kept the girls in stitches. At the other dinner, Lt. Betty Fray of the WAC tried to sell the Pi Phis on the merits of the women's services. Outside of the house, their favorite hangout was the Commodore in St. Paul. They had two informal dances there, one fall quarter and one in the winter. There were many Pifi campus leaders this year. On the senior council and SWECC members were Helen Rachie, who was also president of the YWCA, and Laura Mae Peterson, Foundation president. Two were Union Board members-Ruth Dowell and Janet Burley, and Janet, Marjorie Benson and Sally Haxby were Gopher business staH workers. Pi Phi members of the senior class were Barbara Bennett, Marjorie Benson, Jan Borak, Arlene Brix, Janet Burley, Erra Cornwell, Ruth Dowell, Juliana Haas, Jane Lynn, Laura Mae Peterson, Marjorie Quistgard, Helen Rachie, Helen Rush and Lois Smith. Marie Bergman, Nlary Day, Jean Ferrin, Joan Lundeen, Jean Markus, Betty Stewart and Mary Valleau were the juniors. ' I73 Among the sophomores were Elinor Andrews, Frances Barber, Alice Brown, Roberta Fredette, Margaret Gesell, Sally Haxby, Mary Eloise Jack- son, Janet Juul, Jackie Konshak, Helene Locken and Madeline Maloney. And the freshmen in Pi Beta Phi were Andree Appel, Helen Baker, Janet Carlson, Beverly Cole, Annette Dowell, Joan DuHy, Dorothy Gallup, Gerry Gridley, Elizabeth Just, Nancy Lasley, Peggy Leary, Jane Madden, Katie Miller, Phyllis Roy, Edna May Snead, Laurel Truman and Loie T ufty. Sigma Delta Tau The SDTs carried on this year with their usual annual activities-but everything ' - had a new wartime slant. Servicemen pre- dominated at the open house for new pledges at the climax of rushing week, and they were in the majority again at a sleighride given by the pledges for the actives later in the quarter. At the fathers,-and-daughters' dinner, however, there was no evident man shortage for the girls' dates were their fathers. Grace Latz was supposed to make the welcoming speech at that party and she read a little poem that went "F is for the fun we have together, A is for the allowance we hold dear, T is for the trip he took to get here, H is for the better-half that's here . . .D but when she got to E she couldnit recall the line-of all lines to forget- "E is for the eloquence Pm lacking? The next quarter the fathers reciprocated by giv- ing a "Be My Valentinen dinner for the girls. Rushing was cut down this year for the SDTS as it was for all sororities. But no one will forget the trick that was played on the chairman of the open- ing tea. The night before the party she was awak- ened at midnight and told that all decorations had to be put up immediately. She jumped out of bed, yelling for a bathrobe so she wouldn't catch cold, and started hauling boxes and crepe paper down- stairs. After having moved furniture around for about 15 minutes, the "plotters,' confessed that there was no need for all her work as they had merely awakened her because she was sleeping so peacefully. Homecoming was an important event for the SDTS this year as their Maxine Siegel was co- chairman of the weekend and Betty Benowitz was one of the host of queens. Following the game, the chapter had an open house with no decorations- according to Homecoming rules. Maxine was well known for more than Homecom- ing, however. Most famous, probably, was her ver- ga, e 5:3 I 74 sion of "Friendship,', performed. with Ray Grismer at all campus events. She was also secretary of Panhel and a member of Pi Lambda Theta. SDT seniors this year were Lorainne Bailin, June Berman, Marjory Bearman, Barbara Cooperman, Peggy Goodman, Susie J uster, Dorothy Rifkin, Evelyn Sachs, Maxine Siegel and Zoe Weiss. Shirley Kline, Sylvia Newman, Sevi Rosenblum, Connie Rosenthal, Judith Wiener, Laurabelle Zack and Shane Zien were the juniors. Sophomores were May Annexton, Beverly Avrick, Maxine Berman, Billie Cohen, Eleanor Fox, Rae Ginsburg, Clara Hur- witz, Bobbie Korengold, Betty Joy Maslow, Dorothy Maiditch, Rosalyn Ravits, Virginia Siegel, Arline Steiner, Elaine Wein- blatt, Judith Weiss and Eleanor Wilensky. The freshmen Sigma Delta Taus were Betty Benowitz, Jean Brom, Suzanne Cohn, Jean Cooperman, Selma Diamond, Betty Even, Betty Lou Haydnet, Helen Sue Harris, Lois Jose- wich, Marilyn Josewich, Rosalyn Kaplan, Grace Latz, Marcia Morris, Joyce Ribnick, Elaine Solon, Lorainne Smith, June Ulanove, Tobajoy Weitzman and Dorothy Wilensky. Sigma Kappa EFORE school even started, the Sigma Kappas were busy around their house. Four of the girls painted all the upstairs rooms and the recrea- tion room in the basement- of course getting more paint on themselves than on the walls. For the rest of the year the house was kept up in a different way-by a cleaning man instead of the usual maid. It kept the girls alert to shut their doors at the proper times. The national Sigma Kappa project was wartime work-making USO Scrapbooks. The empty books were sent out to the individual chapters in lots of 130 and the girls could paste anything they liked in them-cartoons, articles, or short stories. The Sigma Kappas had an unusual kind of party in October-a prison party with the Acacias. Big black paper chains were hung on the walls of the recreation room and black paper footprints were pasted on the ceiling to give all the guests the feel- ing of prison stir. Each person had a number, and refreshments consisted of baked beans and bread on a tin plate. The pledges planned to give the actives a Christ- mas party, but for some reason it couldn't be done in December. Finally, on VVashington's birthday, the pledges announced that they were giving their party. When the actives arrived they found shades drawn and wreaths and candles hung in the win- dows, a decorated Christmas tree, and presents for everyone. Initiation was combined with Founder's Day this year and the Sigma Kappa held a feast where awards were given out to Ruth McFarland for freshman scholarship, Kappy Girton for activities, Margaret Adams for active scholarship, and Peggy Mehl for being the outstanding pledge of last year. The formal event of this year was a wedding at the house-Ruth Henrici to medic Jim Robertson. The BWOCS in Sigma Kappa in 1944 were Kap- py Girton who was star reporter for The Daily, Margaret Adams who was also president of Sigma Alpha Iota, and Margery Brandt of the YW. The senior Sigma Kappas were Margaret Adams, Caroline Burwell, Margaret Mehl, Catherine Mer- kert, and Dorothy Miller. The juniors were Kath- erine Girton, Mary Kehm, Elizabeth Ringius, Don- na Schimmele, and Elsie Singley. In the sophomore class were Pauline Frevert, Ruth McFarland, Joyce Merkert, and Adele Phelps. Margery Brandt, Marion Engquist, Sheila Heron, and Barbara Visscher were the freshman Sigma Kappas. Patricia Garrison was a graduate student. an Zeta Tau Alpha After decorating and making alterations, W ,., . the Zeta Tau Alphas started the year off right with an open house for their new home, the old Kappa Sig fraternity house. The Kappa Sigs turned out in a body for that party, and individual members of the frater- nity kept dropping in all year long-to see how the girls were taking care of their home. Most of them were shocked to find ruflies on their old windows and a ruiiie across the front of their massive, mas- culine fireplace. When the men moved out, several of them neg- lected to leave their room keys behind for the Zeta Taus. And since all the rooms had Yale locks, the girls got locked out more than once. The first time it happened one of the alum's coats was in the room and the sorority had to call the police to get the door open. Another time the fire department had to be called when the door locked on a room in which an iron had been left heating. But the Zeta Taus were mighty proud of their new home and had all their parties during the year there. At Christmas time the pledges were enter- tained, the house decorated, and presents ex- changed. The alums gave a Valentine's day party for the whole chapter in February, and the alums did all the serving. One day the girls never forgot was the coldest day of the winter when their oil burner went off unex- pectedly. Two Zeta Taus refused to get out of bed all day, and in the evening the house girls gathered around the oven in the kitchen. One of the favorites around the house was Mary Goodrich, a student from Hawaii who was waiting for the war to end so she could go back home, and many of the Zeta Taus were well known around campus. Jean Rossman was a member of the senior cabinet while Ruth Koplietz was on the AWS fresh- man cabinet. Daily editors were Wynette Riedesel of society and Jeanne Mack of military, and presi- dent of Panhel was Dorothy McNeill. The senior members of the chapter were Mary Goodrich, Jean Nixon, Wynette Riedesel, Jean Rossman and Esther Rykken. In the junior class were Mary Burns, Mary Gene Hawkinson, Helen Howes, Jean Leipold, Jeanne lVIack, Dorothy McNeill, Mary Morrow, Arline Reetz, Mary Lee Woodbury and Barbara Zeches. Beverly Erickson, Anita Gollnick, June O'Leary and Beverly Olson were the sophomores. And the freshmen in Zeta Tau Alpha were Con- stance Bendickson, Lynn Haggquist, Ruth Koplitz, Dorothy Madsen, Barbara Marks, Delores Rude, Paula Swanson and Marguerite Threewitt. Nurses After July 1, 1943 when it became a member of the United States Cadet Nurse Corps, the School of Nursing was a mighty busy place. Enrollment zoomed upward, showing the greatest increase of any school in the University. A record enrollment was achieved fall quarter with a new class of Q73 and a total enrollment in the school of 1,0Q4f. Approximately 750 of these girls be- came members of the Cadet Nurse Corps. Sixty- three five-year students were admitted in the March class, fifty-six of whom were cadets. To accommodate the unusually large fall quarter class, the Counseling Bureau saw fit to appoint a full-time counselor for the school, the bureau also made a study of the selection of students who en- tered fall quarter. In January Phoebe Gordon, formerly assistant director of the Nurse Testing Di- vision of Psychological Corporation, was appointed to assist the director of the school in personnel and guidance to help take care of the overflow of stu- dents. The School of nursing was deluged with honors all during the year. A message from Dr. Thomas Par- ran, Surgeon-General of the United States Public Health Service, was read at the Homecoming foot- ball game. He congratulated President Coffey and Miss Densford on having achieved the largest en- rollment of all the schools in the country in the Cadet Nurse Corps and also upon having the high- I75 est percentage of increase in enrollment. Miss Jean Larkin appeared in the official uniform of the Cadet Nurse Corps. This new uniform had previously been modeled by Jane Fender and Maureen Merri- gan for the first time in lNIinnesota at "Bliss America Marchesf, which was presented in St. Paul on Octo- ber 1. In March the cast of "Cry Havoc" gave a benefit performance under the sponsorship of the Univer- sity Alumni club in order to obtain funds for a scholarship in pre-nursing. Between acts Mrs. C. A. McKinley gave a short talk about the work of the nurses. At all performances of "Cry Havocn a cadet nurse was on hand in the lobby to give information about the corps. The University Theatre also hon- ored the nurses by presenting a skit on nursing en- titled "Do You Know What Happened to Me To- dayv in lXIay. The amazing thing about these cadet nurses was that they were usually active and well-known on the campus during their first quarter in school. Then they disappeared into the hospital and were seldom heard from again. But no one will forget the gay life they led, never studying very hard until the day before a test. Then they really settled down! They certainly mastered the gentle art of cramming-they seemed to have pinned it down to a definite technique, covering a whole textbook in one night. It was rumored that the roommate of one cadet nurse got disgusted with her staying up all night be- fore every test and announced that she was going to bed-with the lights out! All in a huff, the would- be-nurse left the room with a blanket and settled down in the bathtub for a comfortable night of studying. Next morning they found her sound asleep-still in the bathtub. Strange as it may seem, a lot of the student nurses get through their first quarter, and nursing is a tough course. Could be they're just plain smart. w The Nursing School held several formal social functions during the year, too. They gave a tea for the faculty members at Powell Hall in November, and when Erika lNIann spoke at convocation in April she was sponsored by the N urses' Alumnae Associa- tion and the University Convocation hour. After the program the nurses entertained her with a luncheon in the committee room of the Campus Club. In March the old nurses entertained the new ones at a tea, enabling them to meet the superinten- dents of nurses from all of the University hospitals and the residence directors. Then there was the informal side of the cadet nursing social life-the gals really enjoyed the dances and open houses for servicemen and they gave a lot of them this year. No one knew for sure Whether the pajama parties they always talked about were a myth or a reality. The School of Nursing conducted demonstrations of senior experience in rural hospital nursing last July and August. They sent sixteen students for periods of six weeks to Minnesota hospitals at Grand Rapids and VVadena. This was the Hrst time that experience of this kind had been provided for nurs- ing students of urban schools. In March the senior cadets were divided into various fields for experience and service. These fields included staff nursing in rural hospitals, ward ad- ministration in local hospitals, and staff nursing in Federal hospital services-Army and Navy Nurs- ing services, Veteranis Administration, and the United States Public Health Service. On leave with the armed forces this year were graduate nurses Ilaine Larson, Phyllis Dudley, Helen White, Gladys Bratholt, Neva N ye, Marjorie Nowell, Ruth Hodgkins, Marjorie Sorenson, Marion Wedan, Gertrude Shaver, and Henrietta St. Clair. Louise Waagen, instructor of Medical and Surgical Nursing at Charles T. Miller hospital, left fall quar- ter to assist with the national recruitment of college students under the National Nursing Council for War Service. Almost 1001, of the senior nursing class were enrolled in the Red Cross Student Re- serve, IQ5 of them in all. Another first for this year was a course for gradu- ate nurses called the Advanced course in Psychiatric Nursing Instruction. These students spent their first quarter on the Minnesota campus and their sec- ond and third quarters at the Rochester State hospi- tal. They were under the direction of Mrs. Ione Slough and received their instruction from profes- sors and instructors While here, and from doctors at the Rochester State hospital and the Mayo Clinic during the last two quarters. This graduate course was offered with the assistance of the United States Public Health Service funds. The cadet nurses will never forget the many times they and their friends fell out of the upper bunks at Powell Hall. Or the time some one dropped a match down the clothes chute and nearly burned Powell to the ground. Yes, the life of a student nurse was a gay one! Comstock Hal I "It was all because the ASTP took over Sanford," Barb lVIaurin, Comstock coed, said sadly. "We never used to let freshmen live here, but we have to do our bit, too, I suppose." For the first time in its four years of existence, Comstock rented rooms to freshmen coeds. By putting two girls in each room and using navy double-decker beds, 4193 coeds were squeezed into space originally scaled for 276. There were many "beautiful friendshipsv formed, but life did have its little problems. It was quite hard to keep two wardrobes of sweaters and skirts out of sight and the rooms neat, but it was still harder to keep oneis feet out of a roommate's face when clambering down from the upper bunk. To reward good housekeepers, a system of room inspection was planned. To help all of the 493 coeds to be good little girls, Comstock had a Coordination Council composed of a president, vice-president, and chairmen of the sub-councils. These sub-councils took care of mat- ters relating to activities, social events, contacts with officers and other campus organizations, in- fractions of the rules set up for the coeds, and last, but not less important, the dining room. The coeds also elected representatives from each corridor who met in council to air complaints and bring sugges- tions from the girls down their alleys. Though the system sounded complicated, it really worked and served to give every coed direct representation. Proof of its efficiency came during the strike in January when everybody pitched in to help in the dining room and on the switchboard until things were normal again. There were coeds from thirty-six states of the Union at Comstock besides a few from Iceland, Palestine, China and Japan. Almost every denomi- nation was represented and every class from fresh- man to graduate student. The Comstock Coed, a four-page mimeographed paper kept everybody in the know at Comstock. It came out weekly and had a new editor every quar- ter. However coeds participated in many other ac- tivities. They rolled bandages, hostessed at the Union, and gave parties for servicemen. They con- tributed 1002 to the War Chest drive, raised over 31,000 in the bond drive, and had charge of the Red Cross drive on both campuses during spring quar- ter. Incidentally, Comstock led all other organiza- tions for percentage of participation in campus war activities. With 493 girls in the dorm, small parties became the rule, and corridors gave dances, sleigh rides, or roller skating parties and invited their own guests. Once in a while, a section of the building, east or west, sponsored a party. On Sunday afternoons twice a month, there were open houses and girls could have guests in their rooms. Un Homecoming night, Comstock had a buffet dinner. Points made it quite hard for coeds to scare up enough butter for their favorite delicacy, popcorn, but the coke ma- chines seemed to be well supplied if the lines of bottles along the corridors were any indication. Coeds couldn't bring their own pets to school, so they kept whole menageries of stuffed animals or turtles and fish. Once in a while, however, a puppie or a kitten appeared for a short visit. A stranger wandering into Comstock would need a translator, because Comstockers have their own lingo. The "fishbowl" was the screened porch at the entrance to the building, and the "mushrooms" were the little rooms off the main front corridor where the coeds received "guests.', Of course, there were times when accidents did happen. The elevator occasionally stuck between floors with its alarm bell ringing madly, or the plumbing had an off-day and one of the floors flooded. Source of much fame for Comstock was its sun porch and its dazzling bathing beauties. The Union could have made a tidy little sum renting out win- dow space opposite the dorm. Credit for the smooth running of Comstock went to Mrs. Leora Cassidy, the "house mother" of the 4193 coeds, who carried out her hundred and one du- ties so efficiently. Qs., ll ' Q73 gc'P2n fb ' ' oo xrfifgsiiaegx .:s9.o,.4g:gQp,, 151. w:"'v, K N W --i-.T T I77 Co-op Cottages Combining economy with lots of fun, the gals who live at the cooperative houses on Beacon, Washing- ton and Harvard streets had a rare time this year. Each of the ten houses, which are owned and su- pervised by the University, holds from ten to fifteen girls. They all eat at a central dining hall, located in one of the houses. The houses are heated by the central University system. Part of the work is done by the girls, who check the laundry, care for their own rooms, wait on tables, and wash dishes after the evening meal. They rotate in groups of Hfteen for a week at a time. The president of each house council is a member of the board of house presidents, which meets as often as there is something to meet about. Officers of the board are Virginia Scholjegerdes, president, Elsie Hennig, vice-president, and Mary DePoe, sec- retary. The board appoints social, historical, and dining room committees. Their big projects this year were revising the constitution and writing the his- tory of the cooperative houses at Minnesota. Each house has a counselor, usually a graduate student, who works with the council in regard to the maintenance of proper living conditions, morale, and the organization of recreational activities. These counselors are appointed by the University and are responsible to Mrs. Lenore Christiansen, director of the cooperative houses. In the social line, the coops sponsor at least one party every quarter. This year, in November, they had an open house for University administration, faculty and friends of the girls. Winter quarter they gave a "sleigh-ride turned hay-ridef, Each year the counselors entertain with a dinner party for the new 21-year olds, and birthday parties are given once as month. During Christmas vacation the water pipes got too cold, they froze and caused a flood in one of the houses. Everything was under control by the time the girls returned, however-not even a water line! The coop girls enter into activities, too. Phyllis Carlson was co-chairman of Snow Week and Donna Perkins was one of the Snow Queens. Eleanor Ed- wardson worked on the Minnesota Foundation, while Maethel Dieg was on the Union Fundays com- mittee. All in all, the girls who lived in the co-op cottages had all of the advantages of a sorority with few of the disadvantages-and a gay, informal time was had by all. Of course, there were the usual fights, but not too often to upset anyone. I78 Visiting Personalities Although some members of the Class of 1947 might have qualified as "visiting personalities," the campus entertained some other, more widely known people this year. On October 7, Lillian Gish came to tell the convocation audience about the way motion pictures were made before people could tell what the actors were talking about. Then October Q1, along came Dean Howard Hig- gin who darkened Northrop auditorium and showed a cynical but aghast group some of the tricks that spirit mediums were using, and one distinct person- ality left the campus when Herman the Cop went, after 35 years of service to give his feet a rest. One of the biggest thrills came during the first week of November when Roz Russell took the cam- pus by storm. She traveled from Hollywood to meet Sister Kenny and study the work of the Kenny clinic for a new movie. Miss Russell addressed a big crowd of students who Hlled the Union ballroom to the balconies, and then she and the Air Corps had dinner together. That is, she ate and the Air Corps stared, but she made the biggest hit with her en- thusiastic reception of the bouquet of roses that was presented to her at the ballroom meeting. Later in November, socialist leader Norman Thomas spoke before a Student Forum meeting. Attacking the war economy of scarcity, Mr. Thomas claimed that ". . . the world is caught in a blind revolution of which the war is one expression, a blind revolt against a governmental and social order with the means to produce plenty for all, which has in- stead produced scarcity, insecurity, and unemploy- mentf, And interested students listened closely in order to argue later. More motion picture stars arrived when Dennis Morgan and Arline Judge came to sell bonds during the Fourth War Loan drive. They, too, had dinner with the Air Corps, and the entire 88th Training Detachment lined up outside the Union to welcome them. Mr. Morgan and Miss Judge announced that they wanted to see some of the "wintry blasts" the North country was famed for, but the lVIinnesota winter refused to come through, and the sun beamed down. The stars sold 955,000 worth of bonds and went hence. Then there were the musical artists who came with the Minneapolis Symphony and the University Artists Course. Many of them-like Marian An- derson, Yehudi Menuhin, Alexander Brailowsky and Helen Trauble-gave free concerts especially for the servicemen. And in the spring, Carl Sand- burg-immortalized by a headline in the Daily on the Day-of-the-Great Fog-came with his guitar to talk of "little cat feet" and "Chicago." The University had its share of political and for- eign affairs experts, too, for Oliver Clubbe, former American consul in China, gave a Forum talk, and Minnesota Senator Joe Ball helped further student interest in postwar planning with his talk in the Union ballroom. Besides the big names, the campus had several extraneous guests-like some of the men who stood with sandwich boards the week of the strike-and then to top it all off, there was that convocation speaker who didnit show up at all. The resident musical organization generally oper- ated under the title of . . . I J J fa f ,spa DEWNI, 4 0 . Q S 4: J. 4,1 X WX - .Y University Music Convincing unbelieving parents and friends that coeds can play the tuba or bass fiddle as well as any man was a new phase of the work of Paul M. Oberg this year. Mr. Oberg was chairman of the music department, director of the University symphony, pianist and organist par excellence. "Everybody thinks that it is Hne for a girl to play the violin or piano," Mr. Oberg commented, "but just try to persuade anybody that the girl should use her talent on a trombonef' His salestalk must have been persuasive enough, though, for most of the members of the University symphony this year were coeds. "They were able to play just as Well on the for-men-only instruments as men could have," he said emphatically. I Despite all interference, the U symphony, under the direction of Mr. Oberg, gave a concert every quarter and assisted in the music departmentis con- vocation program and the annual Bach festival in the spring. One of the prime problem-solvers of the depart- ment this year was Earle G. Killeen, professor of music. When members of the University chorus turned out to be almost entirely feminine, he began a series of programs of music arranged for women's voices. One of his unusual ideas was the Nutcracker Suite which the chorus presented with the assistance of a ballet at a program Winter quarter. Mr. Killeen has had much experience in vocal in- struction because for 42 years, he has been teaching diaphragm-breathing, clear enunciation, and scale- runs. He has been an instructor at the University for Q1 years, and besides his vocation of teaching music, he was a writer for the Mu.sical Courier, a New York trade magazine. "We were luckier than many other choral or- ganizations this past year," Donald Ferguson, pro- fessor of music and director of the Bach society, said in commenting on the year's work. "In our group we had a few basses and tenors-not many, but enough so that we could keep up our traditional Bach festivalf' Under Mr. Ferguson's direction, the society gave its annual performance in May with the assistance of the University symphony and Arthur B. Jen- nings, University organist. "Even if we hadnit been able to present a concert, we would have kept on with our meetings every Monday night. We love to sing Bachf' Mr. Ferguson said, "and never want to sing anything elsef' Mr. Ferguson was outstanding in music activities for many years. He founded the Bach society 11 years ago, was at one time director of the University symphony, and is one of the leading musicologists of the United States. As a side-line,'he also wrote the program notes for the weekly Minneapolis sym- phony concerts. Arthur Jennings, University organist, was keep- ing the University and the Twin Cities informed on the best organ music of the day. Through a series of concerts, which he inaugurated last year, Mr. Jen- nings presented Arthur Poister of Oberlin college in a recital in February, and at one of his precon- vocation performances, Jennings introduced Wilbur Held, a well-known Chicago organist to his Univer- sity audience. With the beginning of the war, there came a marked increase in organ pupils. In response to his growing class, Mr. Jennings gave, for the first time this year, a course on the playing of the church serv- ice, harmonics and registration. And another popular branch of University music was the. . . University Band Women on the gridiron-the breaking of an old University tradition - was the keynote for the band this year. After a lot of pro and con argument, it was decided that the girls could march-and march they did, but not until the Homecoming game. For the Hrst part of the football season, the band stuck to their side-line seats, blaring forth with the I79 rouser after every touchdown, a few Ski-U-Mah yells during quiet moments, and helping the cheer- leaders with a new Indian cheer. After Homecom- ing, however, the band marched at every game. During winter quarter, basketball games were kept moving by three special pep bands, formed from the main band, which played two games each. Besides this and the regular concert, the band played over VVLB every Monday afternoon winter and spring quarters. Band initiation was slightly odd as there were more pledges than actives. But those actives who were left kept paddles well in hand, and the new- comers learned that drums are not the only thing band members learn to beat. U Symphony Paul Oberg conducted the University Symphony through a full schedule this year in-spite of the diffi- culties caused by the war. A few of the sections suffered from men leaving school, but most of the orchestrais personnel was made up of coeds and members agreed that the situ- ation could have been much worse. So, with the organization almost normal, the sym- phony opened the season with the annual fall con- cert in Northrop auditorium on December 2. Presi- dent Janice Christensen Was the soloist, playing the Mozart clarinet concerto. The program was so suc- cessful it was repeated later over VVLB. Professor William Lindsay of the music depart- ment was featured in the winter concert, playing Beethoven's piano concerto number four in G ma- jor. Spring quarter was the busiest for the orchestra. They played at the music department convocation and at the annual Bach festival with the Bach so- ciety. Last event in a busy year was the senior com- mencement recital where the symphony accom- panied the soloists. Minneapolis Symphony When Northrop lights dimmed on Homecoming night, the Minneapolis symphony opened its eighth year under the leadership of Dimitri Mitropoulos. I80 The orchestra lost 13 of its former members to the armed forces, but they were replaced and the music was just as good as ever- every program found the auditorium packed with music lovers at the regular and twilight concerts. Six of the subscription series were completely or- chestral while 12 had guest artists, and among the soloists who appeared with the symphony were Marian Anderson, Isaac Stern, Artur Rubinstein, Ezio Pinza, Vladimir Horowitz and Carl Sandburg. On January 29 the orchestra left for a five weeks concert tour covering eastern, southern, and mid- western states, and several cities in Canada, keeping up even in wartime, its rank as the most widely trav- eled symphony orchestra in the country. Two ballets and an opera came for extra pro- grams with the symphony. In October the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo gave three performances and the Ballet Theatre was here March 17, 18, and 19. The Baccaloni Opera company was the last event of the year, playing for the annual pension fund bene- fit. Other activities of the orchestra were the eleven Sunday Twilight concerts and three young people's programs which were broadcast by remote control from the auditorium over WLB. Interprofessional Council This year for the first time the exclusive Inter- professional ball was thrown open to the general public. Of course the party wasn't quite as congenial as usual since people weren't well acquainted, but financially it was a great success. In fact, the coun- cil made so much money that the fellows felt that they could aHord to contribute fifty dollars to the Red Cross drive, the fellows also gave more to the Red Cross-their blood as often as possible. Seniors on the Interprofessional Fraternity Coun- cil this year were Robert Evert, Alfons Kraus, Har- ry Novak, Francis T. Ryan, Jerome J. Schwab, Bernard Shanks, Robert Turner, and Phil Sauer. Walter Carpenter was the only junior member. In the sophomore class were Floyd Alcott, Osgood Magnuson, A. H. Maze, Richard Norby, John Pe- terson, Robert Swanstrom, and W. H. Watson. Fresh- men were Franklin A. Neva and Anthony L. Ourada. Leff l:o righi, sianding: Robert Turner, Roberl: Kimball, Roberi Johnson, Roberi Speth, Dietrich Gerber, Ray Grismer, Dale Mclver, Rollis Bishop. Seated: Robert Korsmo, Ward Dennis, Philip Rosendahl, Frederick Hickler, Herb Shane. Interfraternity Council The Greeks collaborated on rushing smokers this year-the better to confuse the rushees. Below, Phil Rosendahl chats wiih a newcomer while John Dablow and Al Dreher of Acacia wait iheir turn. ..4 Above A scene common at the fraternrires who were left wth houses playing records and remembering when we were big Ek- Eack Row: Dreher, W., Biersdorf, Johnson, Hammett, Peterson, VonDrashek. Third Row: Norby, Holmes, Jurgens, Dreher, A., Stark, Jensen. Second Row: Trier, Biddick, Christiansen, Anderson, Clareson. First Row: Storrs, Carlson, Dablow, Hammel, Neubauer, Chernausek. Acacia l206 Fifth Street Southeast l832 FZ. Michigan, I904 l725 University Avenue Southeast Hamilton College, lB32 Minnesota, l906 , Minnesota, I892 Alpha Delta Phi Back Row: Baker, Kuechle, Robb, Anderson, G., Conley, Adams, Wiggins, Knutson, Fraser, Engebretson. Second Row: Gould, Bierman, Hedin, McGeary, Conde, Hunter, Taylor, Bell, Herhold. First Row: Lindemann, Anderson, R., Sonnesyn, Carlson, Borreson, Rydholm, Dixon, Carpenter. '21 Back Row: Lauer, Stanchfield, Adams, Jenkins, Lauer, McKinlay, Wallis. Second Row: Jesperson, Dunnum, Justice, Huskins, Thiesse, Barton, Steiner. First Row: Barry, Martin, Lee, Schmit, Croze, Polski, Foulke. l625 University Avenue Southeast Miami University, I 839 Minne sota Beta Pi, IBB9 ChiPi Back Row: Tillotson, Crawford, Spraflra, Eickhof, Carter. Second Row: Conley, Miner, Atmore, Prest, Riegel, Richards. First Row: MacGibbon, Kimball, Childs, Hayes, Shedd. -at -3 Q ' 74 ' 'ff' vi' '32 1 .Q ' j or vy'f . Beta Theta Pi l5l5 University Avenue Southeast Union College, l84l Minnesota Alpha Nu, I874 I .41 -.QJK A "2'1-:ajft . gel' 31917, 5- , 0'-.LW-2 '- C . 60 .241 T' 49' 1 ,if l , 1 og. es ....,...- ., may M10 We Sa- 3? as 2 1 I84 Back Row: Butler, Leeby, McNulty, Krogh, Mitchell. Second Row: Thompson, Hamilton, Zoller, Droege. First Row: Baumann, Swanson, Johnson, Martin, Nerad. Delta Tau Delta l7l7 University Avenue Southeast Bethany College, IBS9 Minnesota Beta Eta, l883 92l University Avenue Southeast Williams College, IB34 Minnesota, l890 fyfsfgrf -- A -..:5fw- ae-fiiz-+ 'Q-, ' '1 ,L ' ew ., .,,. ., ,.,,,.,,,,,.., V, 5, sf . ,pa ., ., 5 " -V ':,k1vsf'i'?!h.a- Y , gAK'34j., Q: ...if-f , . '21-' 1Tf'f+1'tg'.'f25:1. " 'nf?: t 'f ' aw .: , A .Sm--,',,"N,-f 1- 3 -, J ,. ., e.e..Qg'12f: ., s- ' -ww mf'--fag -5- . ' fn :'f :'- - . -, ., -.4-.4-... -- -. .Q -. -, ,-. ..,.- .+- .lvf wif ww- 41143: ' . -if' 'fivff -r ' , , -H , .,,. 1 f .-.. I-.'-f are ' if ' ',F1':1-3' Stl-iraq' 1 , , - lug!! '.:,gj.a:-'LZ J a rr -L.. ., X ' if" I 41 if , ,lg Ll, .: - , RY!',g - .me up' ,,i'f7f'2Zf 1, W ' -V K , H , 'Fifi' M' v Back Row: Christensen, Duel, Syvertson, Frasier, Piccard. Second Row: Anderson, Broker, Vanderwalker, Magee, Wright, First Row: Garrett, Adams, Hickler, Patch, Everest. Barnes. tiff. , N pw Back Row: Prosser, Colson, Barr. Kllled 'nACl5'0l" First Row: Beck, Brock, Baden. , .5 51:56. , 1 7 'N W e 52-692 0' ef , u l: ' fffi' lO27 University Avenue Southeast Miami University, l848 Minnesota Alpha, l88l Phi Epsilon Pi Back Row: Locketz, Horwitz, Aberman, Husney, Lifson, Sussman, Unschuld, Saxon. Third Row: Karatz, Ginsberg, Freeman, Cohen, Katkov, Pink, Halpern. Second Row: Aronsohn, Schwartz, Steinman, Stulberg, Goldstein, Gottstein, Siperstein First Row: Sagen, Dobrin, Silverman, Harrison, Abrohams, Friedell, Jatfee. 51 Phi Delta Theta 4-pq. Back Row: Lundgren, Olsen, Handevidt, Korsmo. Second Row: Metz, Butts, Edgerton, Goodson. First Row: Stanley, Karr, Cooper, Weck, Babcock. Phi Gamma Delta Jefferson College I848 l8l5 tlniversity Avenue Southeast Mmnesota Mu Slgma .890 University of Alabama I856 Minnesota Alpha i902 g pha Epsilon Back Row: Shjeflo, Olander, Ahern, Moran, Bohmbach, Leversee, Wainwright, Wick, Peterson. Fifth Row: Jones, Turnacliff, Holten, Hinterberg, Skarnes, Baker, Bussey, Ramsey, Colburn. Fourth Row: Andrews, Adamczyk, Hodapp, Braasch, Gold, Hannaher, Dunn, Hazen. Third Row: Munger, Kochsiek, Gilbertson, Habein, Johnston, Watzke, Mahachek, Tait, Newton Second Row: Cedarleaf, Sanders, Neumeier, Rohleder, Elvig, Palmer, Grismer, B., Kelley. First Row: Bratnober, Sterling, Johnson, Coate, Slatky, Cowie, Grismer, R., Dein, Thomssen. lg ,.. f L. mmm: 4751, V C 472 X3 F! A xl ig 9'5" F' F P1 Collesz of the C'tY of New Yofk I909 I623 Umverslfy Avenue Southeast Mlnnesoia Kappa l'7l5 Muamx Umversnty IB55 Minnesota Alpha Slgma I888 gn.-, psy I87 PM 5.20. M X f gg . Q 9-mffa Back Row: Melander, W., Hoover, Christianson, Nelson, Lindgren, Youngren, Michas Second Row: Moffet, Melander, H., Doyle, Fosdick, Larson, Michener. First Row: Preusch, Gaumnitz, Pomeroy, Cornish, Turner, Butts, Wichelmann. ffl 'fiifi lf W r Fa i-' fi ' tx .,., ...I . "' . l - i- :sf-'Qi -e., Al ' . . , - . . f'5 2-ii' ,qw ' vi. 'I f f fi: 1 .41 ni' . ' ' 53 fx 5i5z '.'rJ5fe"TE1 11" ' " ' ' 5 ,.'iI, l . -. V 1, ' ' 'we' 307 Sixteenth Avenue Southeast Virginia Military lnstitute, I869 Minnesota Gamma Tau, l904 Phi Kappa P i Back Row: Whalen, Bartlett, Feldmann, Berglund, Horner, Kost, Fink. Second Row: Nelson, Tharp, Colby, Ryan, Street, Swanson, Winn, Poehler. First Row: Stutzman, Bosworth, Gilman, Rutledge, Engstrom, Morse, Smith. l88 Nvyl n- ' M, A gg "-M. ..,. ..,f.f ,fi 214,412 44 f., 1 Vid" 5 1 Flilglgg of M I , , ...1 'f Z: ,Q ef? .14 ,ff Fraternities Gut X f 5 f fi 4 "'vw.... ---lv Those with houses . . . Had twice as good a time .1 Panhelleni Council Kay Hornung, president Back Row: Worell, Clarke, Luedke, Bird, Northrop. Fourth Row: Wilcox, Adams, Dickson, Counn, Steiner, Scocdopole, Cornwell, Cudworth, Combacher. Third Row: Girton, Henneman, Liepold, Piedesel, Stone, Rogers. Second Row: Kennon, Levie, McNeill, Seigal, Hornung, Kuck, Clark. First Row: Dedolf, Nelson, Guthunz, Carlson, Stewart. MW? Left: Panhel sponsored publicizing blood donating on campus- Eleinor Hagen gives her all. Above: Panhel Fun Night at the women's gym -the hill-billy version of La Conga. l9l , - 4 V ' my-W... . '- l- - f ,,' F , ,AQ - - :A , ,f as .ff .e f ,, ,-T! . 1 7:1 ..., , J. -l g lfsf .1 , 'I , Ja, . ', if 1 -22 4 s. . ,.. 'V f 19",-,..:i?" ' v-1 -15'-'nsikrzof ,er .m -fe-V, ,4 .e .V . , '2-:-1' . hz -,fz-V5.2 .. , . , ,. -1 .512-.L-..4,w' 'i1z.i::.', 5l4 Eleventh Avenue Southeast De Pa'-'W U"lVe"5ltY- lass Minnesota Alpha Rho l923 Minnesota Alpha Lambda, l92l Alpha Delta Pl Back Row Martrn Andersen B Heath Schmitt Worley Johnson Dickson M Feudner Peterson Grrebenow Fourth Row Kletzln Archer Phrlllps B Nelson M Mrx Ganley Anderson L Muesmg Prnska Third Row Howey Wray Tonnesson Cheney Thomas Phrllrps A Moon Rice Morton Second Row McElwee Wllson Prckerrng Reardon Nelson L Burrrll Koehn Stege Benson First Row Olson Shlrley Goslrn Hammell Dlckson G Crxspln Baughan Stork Anderson J ,fy Back Row: Philippsthal, Fisher, Mark, Brill, Levitt, Orenstein, Karon, Broude. Third Row: Abrams, Henly, Kraskin, Yager, C., Mersky, Levy, A., Levy, J., Karsner, Stein. Second Row: Stone, Swiler, Ginsberg, Peilen, Weitzman, Firestone, Bronstien, Yager, L. First Row: Rosenfield, Sher, S., Margulies, Krawetz, Himmelman, Joseph, Segal, Sher, I. 928 Fifth Street Southeast Barnard College, I909 lpha Epsilon Phi - 'wi A 3l I Eleventh Avenue Southeast Syracuse University, I904 Minnesota Alpha Iota, I839 Minnesota Delta' ,903 Alpha Gamma Delta Back Row: Elert, Thurston, Comes, Schmidt, Bartholet, Limond, Tousley, Lee, Simmons, Engstrand. Fourth Row: Miesen, Zang, Jokull, Young, Bank, Zakowski, Manning, Schlitgus, Sandager. Third Row: Vaughan, Roberts, Beinhorn, Scherven, Brewer, Hartnett, Radabaugh, Johnson, Boylan. Second Row: Crowley, Henretta, Nelson, Rogers, Parke, Andrews, Chapman, Raitt, Norton. First Row: Abbott, Bergford, Eaton, Helland, Moore, Schellenberger, Moritz, Cooper, Deutsch. 4 . . , 2 6 , 5 . . A A 5 ul: A 6 "ms" 0 F- f 'X 1510 Es",-5 ,oi IO. l 9 3 iii ff if fi? .. 'f 5529 , ff 3 o 5'?pl' f! .1 Aa H D rl F ego ll2l Fifth Street Southeast Barnard College, IB97 'xex Back Row: Hilger, Steadland, Fulton, Clarke, Bettendorf, Summy, Harbo, Mandt, Frankosky Fifth Row: Beebe, Eckhoff, Mott, Nordal, Schafer, Cooney, Polanek, Neutson. Fourth Row: Holt, Lux, Eckhoff, E., Johnston, Overpeck, Deutschlander, McVay, Brink. Third Row: Mauritz, Anderson, Frisch, Carson, Hruza, Dannecker, Pomeroy, Norris. Second Row: Carlson, Cornelius, Bouthilet, Hilger, M., Wolkerstorfer, Bloeser, Hart, Lethert First Row: Graves, Crahan, Toren, Radke, Skocdopole, Nelson, Heisig, Mitchell. Alpha Omicron Pi Minnesota Tau, l9l2 323 Tenth Avenue Southeast Jw ,v .. ,,,. , , . I94 Syracuse University I872 Minnesota Epsilon l890 Alpha Phi Back Row: Rossman, Sweeney, Dedolph, Barnum, Mulally, Anderson, Dorsey, Hanlon. Fifth Row: Samels, Delander, J., Bohmbach, Eriksen, Cole, Northrop, Muller, Ward, Wyman, B Fourth Row: Delander, M., Thomas, Hatfield, Mayne, Riedel, Carpenter, McClure, Wyman, J. Third Row: Comer, Taylor, Sanford, Farnam, Smith, Skinner, Cousineau, Douglass, Robertson. Second Row: Macfadden, Briscoe, Arveson, Ryan, Barthelemy, Boberg, Ringer, Knebel. First Row: Webster, Winter, Stehman, Streeter, Guthunz, McEnary, Power, Weinhagen, Bronson gav- 92" ,uf fi ' 2 5 'X E , r Back Row: Salzman, Pritchard, Fletcher, Olsen, Hobbs, Reid. Second Row: Mattila, Hepworth, Rice, March, Sears, Bennett. First Row: Johnson, Peterson, Sohlz, Dietrich, Paulson, Stai. E. QM..- , 1 f if , if 1 few A' Y , Alpha Xi Delta ll I5 Fifth Street Southeast 3I5 Tenth Ayenue Southeast Kr10XC0ll29e. IB93 Fayetteville, l895 Minnesota MU- 1907 Minnesota Pi Beta, l92l hi Omega Back Row: Johnson, Ryan, Oisen, Main, Pouliot, Johnstone, Legler, Connel, Cudworth. Fifth Row: Forbes, Wagner, Denk, House, Souther, Whiting, Eustis, Oestereick. Fourth Row: Coleman, Gasser, Anderson, Sullivan, Kuck, South, Newhouse, Shamberger, Schaffer. Third Row: Griffen, Hart, Busse, Stromgren, Larson, Ewing, Lenker, Clark. Second Row: Storm, Mackley, Brisbois, Mehlin, Wuertz, Bruno, Debel, Northfield, Lindeberg. First Row: McCarthy, Zierke, Premer, Wildung, Bird, Ballou, Sjoselius, Robertson. f 'WT B . ,v mvl- v ,A SFR' 'Pal ie. if o 'W Back Row: Cox, O'Connor, Scott, Weyand, Johnson, B., Dack, Johnson, P., Drommerhausen, Johnson, L., Dytert. Fourth Row: Peterson, Benson, Anderson, Merritt, Bertelson, Hagen, Mordaunt, Fesler, Rooch, McGillivray, Knudsen Third Row: Erickson, Monick, Hubbard, Holst, Carlson, Gray, Marlink, Swensen, Nissen, Schmitt. Second Row: Leonard, Waite, Edmonds, Pearson, Rynda, Nordstrom, Palmer, Dahle, Owen, A., Barton, Dedon. First Row: Oehler, Levie, Hultkrans, E., Odegard, Storberg, Kennon, Espeseth, Richards, Corwin, Hultkrans, J. Delta Delta Delta 3 lo Tenth Avenue Southeast l026 Fifth Street Southeast Boston' ,888 Lewis Institute, IB74 Minnesota Theta, l894 Minnesota Lambda Delta Gamma Back Row: Hofmeyr, Ueland, Newcome, Taylor, Shores, Pond, Webster, Jacobsen, Haynes, Maher. Fifth Row: Dill, Bollman, Koehler, Rotering, Carlson, Smith, Way, Brainard, Haverstock. Fourth Row: Wilkins, Barnard, Tjossem, Hustad, Weld, Anderson, Olmsted, Martineau, Caustin, Taylor. Third Row: Bell, Critchett, Johnston, Prosser, Herrick, Taylor, Roth, Otterstein, Brown. Second Row: Wahl, Wallace, Pickhardt, Krecklow, Orr, Bosanko, Meier, Preus, Lowry, Woodruff. First Row: Cleveland, Neumann, Bollman, Percival, Cole, Seybold, Stubblefield, Weld, Rogers. -..v - . . - ..- I96 Back Row: Frank, Warren, Anderson, Snow, Glidden, Dunning, Pringle, Seward. Third Row: Gregg, Kelly, Garlock, Harding, Wipperman, Redeen, Papick. Second Row: Jentoft, Schiefelbein, Connor, Simonelli, Oliver, Slifet, Hornung, Lundy. First Row: Osborn, Fairfield, Stout, WQIH, Hornung, Mills, Stannard. 339 Eleventh Avenue Southeast Miami University, I902 Minnesota Gamma, l923 Gamma Gmicron Beta Back Row: Flanagan, Thompson, Trovatten, S., Omholt, Trovatten, J., Vollbrecht, Hinze, Becker, Harvey. Fifth Row: Rose, Johnson, V., Greenwood, Ferm, Paulson, Reid, Pierce, Callerstrom, Hanson. Fourth Row: Lynch, Hompe, Markhus, Behrendt, Christenson, Peterson, Robertson, Shannon, A. Third Row: Jones, Brasse.t, Harbin, Shadick, Hovde, Gibson, Reasoner, Dutcher, Trantanella, S. Second Row: Trantanella, G., Harrington, Becker, M., Sanderson, Utne, Shannon, P., Hemmersbaugh, St. Cyr. First Row: Hein, Holmgren, Todnem, Schroeder, McCracken, Caldwell, Engelhart, Bjorgo, Arnason. Delta Zeta X' fu 1 D l g , gf . x 9' jj x Ct 5' 'luiml' 2060 Carter Avenue, St. Paul Minnesota Alpha, l928 P , sf. .5 , 3 1,5 , ,,' - - A ': 5 " A ' "Ng " 1 F 5 f 'Sf' . rw- . ' i' ' 'fp . ,ft 'V 'l , ' .5 f M? , '- ,, ,, Qf:'?""f:,.- ' 5 f f f' - if 3- g f ll- 5 A QQ: 1' 'J , f - 'V N ' f' , ' ' ' f --J 3 -, , -.CZ7 1 ,W 0 M -.M-V 4, V 'ff f X' .. e ' K ' .., f Y f A P r r P ., P P f W ' P 'Nw f 1 , . V . , r , F I-1:4 Q. ,. M .-f , 1, V. X ,I .si Q sd IE 11 , . ,.. 4,14 ? A ,: - 4. ,,, 'M Y A A sw 1 ' 17 1 4 LA r . - has ,, ,.1 l A - -1 fx . -- .v ' , -f -Ii, 2 --:K ' vw -- "' lt' . O 4 v. . ,, ' ,, . ,urs ',:, f- Q -... -ww "-" 1 - , . - ' ' f . 1 " . " , , .1 5 i X W- f V' . 1 J s c , f: :A -NH 7 T 1. 3 1 1 f. , 4 -V 'Q' . r 6. . M .V T2 " ' ' P 5 2 'P ' 59 r' ' . k 'x F 7 , W.. .' . - . I 1 ..-- W G- Y f-. A-1 g 'S-'55 ,:, 4 1 -! , s- e'c,' -. , au , Y -4 I N 7 A, U J V - Q I . 1 . F ye, V '. 1' ' x - Ly' I97 Q 3' ll .r 1 i 4 , r, 'Q rf- l if I v- A 5 .J b . L ,, , , -3. -. - A 'Q I 3 Q. ,, 6- dns, , . , . ,L 1.4 . .i 4. - ,A" I f 0, H, tv La 4 J ii., is ' J' A 'Mt' 3 2 3 Back Row: Enos, McLear, Butcher, Kimpel, Dean, Getchell, Farnquist, Michael, Deutsche. Fifth Row: Butts, Sage, Erickson, Holbrook, Montonna, Thomson, Granfield, Allen, Trout. Fourth Row: Hamel, White, Ashley, Isaak, Anderson, Dahlman, Davis, Franceschina, Watson. Third Row: Jorgensen, McKusick, Stephen, Speer, Brimhall, Carey, Hodgson, Nelson, Phillips, P. Second Row: Schmitz, Dixon, Mann, Lindsay, Lee, Donnelly, Carlin, Hellie, Funne. First Row: Sherman, Burns, Radichel, Danaher, Combacker, Windmiller, West, Phillips, A., Carlton. Gamma Phi Beta , J flufwxl . f ur ' yu r 'f gjgfgit I, ws'--5. -.1-ww . ' 2 ' Ha! we fnfittgi-"2 f t" 'W'f- F' ' '- 'ref-gg rv ' -P '-'vfrggg J 4. ' - m .v hi ati ,55,s.,3Q,i,E-Figffig--..n x ,.-'X T X ' 5 " ffwmi. .14 is H? :fl . ...x.,,.,.a .fr A -15.3, 't gif" " ful.. ' i,re?-t-,Q '? ,-f-L?:1- , .1 .5 I 'f " - fs '.-' . ' 5 .... i"f', :iv ,, ' ' ' ',i',a,e.?lftSi5J- A., . E mi . w x 'sftiwfisi ' J' . ' - - , :Jn -awe., , , .,,,g,... -1-.-a .- , ,:.7.igQ.- 1. ,, --r, .-, fl. 16 Q61 GNU ,. ,,,, ,,,, ,,.,,,, ,..,,... ...,, , . .,,, . . .J 3lI Tenth Avenue Southeast Syracuse University, IB74 Minnesota Kappa, l902 3 I4 Tenth Avenue Southeast De Pauw University, l87O Minnesota Upsilon, l889 Kappa Ipha Theta Back Row: Garlock, Nagel, Babcock, de Lambert, McPheeters, Craswell, Ahrens, Rogers, Regan, J. Fourth Row: Deiken, Whitaker, Neale, Helmick, M., Weidlein, Backlund, Cox, Genter, Hofmeister, Yearout. Third Row: Gold, Culligan, Thayer, Matson, Endicott, Helmick, H., Keller, Sensenbrenner, Blacktin. Second Row: Leach, Clefton, Young, Stone, Walters, Hurd, Palmer, Perry, Draheim, Harding. First Row: McKeon, Smith, Palmer, Sahagian, Cowie, Rogers, M., Kolb, Bricker, Stryker. 15' ...fx zj, V A . . rf ' . .X I f I98 1:9 "7 Back Row: Malerich, Hatling, Wallace Nelson Quast Dawson Adkins Anderson M Lathrop Fourth Row: O'Callahan, Banning Gunn Sellner Smith T Godberson Tullquist Kranstover Carlson Third Row: Boie, Anderson, W., Smith S Nelson E Wildung Tucker Cedarleaf Prochaska Walker Second Row: Behr, Shaughnessy, Zimmerman Zalser Anderson H Grogan Bergh Elllngson Kienstad Berdan First Row: Hoffman, Topel, Muilenburg Peterson Wilcox Wrenn Hubbard Maid McChesney 'U ' I ' Hi' ' , -U-, dw WL' fl - - ,L ' lui T A ii J a Ugly, 4,.,.,.....':'f'a"- ' figs- , .:,.-qffi:gL'iL,,"' f 'mn fl' "5-'filllfflfLani1'mlginqw.yg..-f..---.fqg 1 l l028 Sixth Street Southeast Virginia State Normal, l897 Minnesota Sigma Beta, l9I8 Kappa Kappa Gamma Back Row: Brunsdale, Locke, Goodmaw Wyer Lee Swanson Dodge Eggleston McCabe Hart Fourth Row: Endsley, McNiel, Rumble S Tearse Llneberger Llnsmayer M Quigley Boyd Huntley Third Row: Pearson, Nevius, Stringer Parks Kohlbry Rothschild Wilson Congdon Brandt Evert Second Row: Hitch, Caley, Binder Washburn Saterlee Jaffray Spencer Glass Miller First Row: Grandin, Milbert, Eichhorn Linsmayer H Boyd Rumble M Caley H Meyerding Volk Nesblt f I, , Back Row: Cole, Lundeen, Juul, Gridley, Bergman, Day, Rush, Dowell, R. Fifth Row: Jackson, Tufty, Locken, Dowell, A., Burley, Stewart, Bennett, Lasley. Fourth Row: Smith, Konshak, Madden, Baker, Fredette, Gesell, Markus, Carlson. Third Row: Haxby, Snead, Leary, Benson, Andrews, Branton, Appel, Quistgard. Second Row: Valleau, Peterson, Maloney, Barber, Roy, Just, Brix. First Row: Duffy, Truman, Haas, Rachie, Ferrin, Borak, Brown, Cornwell. Pl Beta Ph: H09 Flffh Slifeef SOUHTCBST ll2l University Avenue Southeast M0f1m0Ulfl1 College. l357 Cornell University, l9l7 Mlf1f12SOt5 Alpha, Minnesota Nu, .lf ---'-at A Eli? U 200 Sigma Delta Tau Back Row: Ribnick, Diamond, Wilensky, Josewich, L., Latz, Bearrman, Weinblatt, Brom, Cooperman, Annexton. Fourth Row: Maslon, Rifkin, Sachs, Ravits, Harris, Siegel, V., Haydnet, Hurwitz, Cooperman, J. Third Row: Even, Solon, Josewich, M., Kaplan, Naiditch, Rosenblum, Newman, Avrick, Ulanove. Second Row: Korengold, Goodman, Zack, Zien, Bencwitz, Fox, Smith, Weitzman, Berman. First Row: Weiss, Kline, Weiss, Z., Siegel, M., Bailin, Rosenthal, Cohen, Steiner. O I i l Y 'E Back Row: Burwell, Engquist, Freverlr, Garrison, Merkert, J., Brandt. Second Row: Schimmele, Phelps, Merkert, C., Singley, Miller, Kehm, Visscher. First Row: Girton, Heron, Mehl, Adams, Ringius, McFarland. Sigma Kappa .191 0 'J D WD 0 'D fu X f 929 01612: Qd 52I Twelfth Avenue Southeast H25 Filth Street Southeast Colby College' I874 Virginia State Normal, I898 Minnesota Alpha Eta' WZ' Minnesota Alpha Tau, l923 I Zeta Tau Alpha Back Row: Goodrich, Leipold, Reetz, Olson, Haggquist, Swanson. Third Row: O'Leary, Madsen, Threewitt, Rykkcn, Rude, Mack. Second Row: Woodbury, Koplitz, Bendickson, Gollnick, Howes, Erickson. First Row: Zeches, Hawkinson, Nixon, Riedesel, McNeill, Rossman, Morrow. " -5 Q' . J ,., V5 ,. 5 ,,, . f - ' - . ' :Zi i t. ' ' , -V , . ,M :A 7 V .V X i - -:if it 1 .V . , ' - , V , 'Q ,V ' 4' u . s ' ,"fif": i .- ' Q 2 e ta fa - , . ' 1 A , s.,fw q:,:Qi W.-pi G2 ,xM:,,g.".'J.,g:LL I V .., A i ... ' 'af 'rs ,. fx.: 1 .Zig Q63 , 5 R' , ,, , 'am' 5 ..,,- , N ' ' -. ' -45134 ,. -f-- 'zg X wmv ' 1'- -. -' Q ' 4115 A 4, I 1. X ffm- V A 'll , ,bgzr .5 iv-yfrr. I , f -e ' .-' P ., , 2' A . - a - , -. - -. -S tg 'P 5: ra ra 2. -1 . -A 3 ,rj ' ' " ' E-1-1,6-" L "' rf- -- W , f V ' n ,t L gp . ll ll 311' l L K l ' in - .' . , 5 . ' . A ,h R i"l' , , V 1- ' ' f 'ia Si ' G' i ' H! 7' . ' . v .R 3 , f 3 U' 2 -1. Q N Y , V ,ill H 7 7 Q ,, .. Li' if 4 Sororities carried on Wg. In spite of the man shortage NSGA Council: Back: Margaret Chapman, Betty Preston. Seated: Lillian Gutzahr, Patricia Meyers, Emmy Lou Propst. Training for War and Peace Right: Education for practicalities. This young fellow doesn't lcnow what war is: but he, too, must be considered. Lower right: The nurses' choir- at General hospital. Below: And education for war-the Cadet Nurse Corps attracted many members this year. Here a cadet and a General Hospital nurse look over the numbers of those who have gone before. urses-Powell Hall and General Hospital 203 The Nurses Live at Powell Hall Powell Hall girls enjoying the finer things ot lite- chopsticks. The Powell Hall council members were: Top Row: Joan Larson, Joanne Cunny, Eldred Batzer, Elizabeth Hanson, and Marian Borreson. Front Row: Bernice Sutton, Marian ' Manatt, Peggy Heneman, and Doris Larson. Right: Mrs. Kurtzman, director ot Powell, and two student nurses take it easy in the lounge. Comstock Hall--Where 00 Girls Eat, Sleep, and Talk About Studying On the Comstoclr Hall council were: Back Row: Pat McGowan, Barbara Maurin, Ann Hamilton, Gatha Nelson, Eileen Sutton, and June Goodrich. Second Row: Charlotte Helgenson, Mrs. Cassidy, and Margaret Todd. Front Row: Mary Carlson and Shirley Pranlco. Right: Her- moine Fisher, Dorothy Clapper, Pat McGowan and Jean Broker play a relaxing game of bridge after dinner in the east lounge. ' 3. lmlu?-:e::.f7:uf1ff1-imma! w .f 'f I AkiEXs5rAr1k1mtf,! Mrs Cassidy Comstock director and council di- rector Charlotte Helgeson tall: over important Rooms are crowded since the girls Seen in one of the "mushrooms" as the doubled up at Comstock but nobody little waiting rooms on the first floor are minded too much called. Life at the Coops ""'M1Y Celebrating in costume at one ot the Coop monthly birthday parties are Hilde Lyncher and Betty Kreuger who gave the party, in the baclr row, and Maethyl Dieg, Charlotte Mix, and Marjorie Warner in front. 205 X X ll Roz Russell gets Gl chow at dinner with the Air Corps. Visiting Personalities rank Whiting chats with Lillian Gish about problems of "the theal:al1." Ancl belowl Louise Miller agrees with the point Norman Thomas is making -at a Forum session. 'NJ Above: Kappy Girton ofthe Daily gets Dennis Morgan's views on campus bond-selling: and lloelowl Yehudi Menuhin signs auto- graphs at one of the special military concerts. 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V .- E .:.,V,,:-4.3! . uw f bt, 69 Q gy, 4, 4' , X- , me-...M eil 4+ 'V ,,,,, , ff-'W' -V 'ww - V - ..VVV. VVVVVV-..?:V.f,VV J, ,.,,..., - - 2 -1' 5,-'gy VV ,, V V V f H4 ' - f f :uns SV ,V,,, V . A V- fy wmv! QQQW LVV.,,,3 ,VV . H :V . A V V V,.,W,,m, - .ffgrl I ' V V, 'sgj3g,Fg, QV ' ' ..,....Q-Y-. V .,-V-W 1 V K v .. . J:-' .7 ' ' ,L 2' -"' V ' ,QV-:Vip V, 3 VV-' , V - , V, V V V , WW ' hwvfxwe if - Q V. ' - 'W-'MVVV V. I " . "W V . .. . , . .. . JV, yi V,...fQ,fW.--mvf.L,n, Y A N V vwak K V - M,-., , -. Activities The praciical side of College-at the Daily print shop reading proof ISGCTICC In the long run, all of the theories expounded in classrooms were brought down to earth by the much- satirized extra-curricular activities. "BM and BWOCs,, were made fun of and looked down upon in certain intellectual circles, but it was those people who entered into the life of the University outside of the classrooms that got practical experience which helped them greatly after graduation. On campus this year, it was "activity girls" that bore the brunt of any sarcasm, for most of the top oflices in student government and publications were held by women. The sarcasm came, however, from people who were not getting the most out of their years in college, from people who were not taking advantage of opportunities offered them. Student government and its related activities gave people experience in administrating and work- ing with others, publications work put the students under' actual Working conditions and improved their capabilities 3 and women's groups, such as the YWCA and AWS, sent girls to settlement houses in the Twin Cities to work with many diferent types of people. The practicing of theories while in college was one of the most important factors in the search for truth, in understanding. For the students in activi- ties learned-without knowing they were actually being taught-the fundamentals of understanding. They learned patience and toleranceg they learned to get the other person's point of view before forging ahead on a project that affected whole groups, and they learned to work-with help-as they would have to work-without helpfwhen they got out of college. Each school in the University encouraged extra- curricular work. In Law school, top students put out the Law Review, learned how to write up cases and how to interpret them. And in engineering, the many societies were divided up among those students with similar interests in the Held, speakers were brought to tell the men about jobs available where they could apply their talents-and the engineers didn,t lack for jobs this year. All-in-all, the "activities kidsu were the ones who learned practicalities as well as theories, and their work after graduation showed the value of that ex- perience. QQEU Actlvltles- Q53 X, r. . fax , - - "Student activities provide 'Sf DSX X? rich opportunity for develop- If I? 3 ' ment of those qualities of jf Z' YQ S1596 Q09 f leadership which are so much Q 'xf-C 4-Q9 03? 560 needed in contemporary com- ' 4,950 ' V ,K X munity enterprises. The Uni- Z, y ' X versity of Minnesota has F Q y f X worked earnestly to malce its X I K activity affairs a part of higher K- xkkkk 5 education rather than repre- fx hx gtk f S sentative of selfish interest X . N 'g 573 groups. hip ,Q "Women leaders have risen to the situation which has developed in a magnificent way and have set a high standard of leadership for the men returning after the war to attempt to equal. These men will need to exert themselves to achieve comparable effectiveness." E. G. WILLIAMSON Dean of Students SWECC "Hey, kids, look-there's a motion before the floor - won't somebody please second it?,' President Louise Harris and her council-the central group around which campus war work revolved-got much accomplished this year, in spite of the fact that everyone wanted to make motions but no one wanted to second them. SVVECC had charge of allocating all campus war activities to the various organizations and was a clearing-house for many a "brilliant idea" that never worked out. Members of the group were nomi- nated by the council or tiled for the positions, and then were elected by the incumbent members. Vice president this year was Marge Cleland and secretary was Marge Speer. The former Marge was the cause of the setting up of qualifications that the vice president had to handle publicity and promo- tion-as of this year. Cleland found it hard to con- centrate on SVVECC activities, with all her other work she was "just too busy." The group was inspired by the phrase, "You can work on other activities any time, but you must do war efforts now!', which Louise brought back from Leaders, Camp, but which Joey Dedolph claimed as her own all year. ' 2l2 WLB Over in the basement of Eddy Hall-just under the testing bureau - dwelled a group of people with a vocabulary all their own. "On the nosef, "Cut it," and other such diabolical phrases could be heard any hour of the day and far into the night. Spoken by the students who ran WLB, the University radio station, those phrases took on a more logical mean- ing and began to make sense. People in charge of the station never knew until it was over how a pro- gram was going to come out. Things always happened unexpectedly-like the time President Coffey dashed in only two minutes before he was due on the air when the staff had al- most given up hopeg or the time Ruth Swanson, an- nouncing the Vienna Boys' Choir, got blocked on "Vienna" and could say nothing but "banana,'g and Paul Brissey pulled the prize boner when, after reading tive minutes of program notes on Bach, he put the wrong record on the turntable. Listeners were treated to the sound of a long, loud snore pre- ceding the music they had been led to expect. Bris- sey simply switched on the Bach turntable, neglect- ing to explain that the other record was only a sound effect. Then there was the program that began on time and ended on the nose, the engineers were awake all the time and the records werenit scratchy-but no one will believe that. About every three months when things got too consistently out of line, manager Burton Paulu is- sued one of his manifestos, decrees stating what could and could not be done. The practice was for the staff to behave for approximately Q0 minutes- rules were obeyed until the time period was up -then everybody started raising Cain again. Even after Mr. Paulu left for an OVVI job in North Africa, the manifestos continued, for program director Betty Girling continued the futile efforts to maintain or- der. Betty had charge of all the mail from children who heard the WLB classroom programs. A second grade class sent her a book of pictures they drew illustrating broadcasts they heard this year. Mice in the studio were a problem, and Betty took charge of catching them because Thor, the janitor, was thrown into a state of alarm at the mere mention of mice. Betty put out some poisoned oats one night and the next morning found Del Dusenbury care- fully sweeping them up because he didn't know what they were. A dinner party was given for Mr. Paulu before he left. The staff ate together often during noon bag lunches. The milkman came to the studio every day and left a bottle for each person-Mr. "EZ', Zie- barthis looked like a door-stop outside his door. The increase in the amount of news during the war caused several special broadcasts to be sched- uled, and the station increased the number of news- casts from one to four a day. Men at VVLB were, naturally, scarce-the staff hoped no more would leave because there was no more room on the serv- ice flag. ' Debate . . . "Students must have all gone out to settle the Worldis problems-there's no one left to talk about them," decided Mr. Rarig. The only other thing on which he could blame the lack of debators was that the students might be taking more interest in classes, but-no. Debate was almost another war casualty, but Mr. Rarig and Mr. Gilkinson were determined that it should go on as usual. Early in the speech season, Lila Anderson, Frances Usenik, and Pat Maloney took a two-day trip to Northwestern, December 2 and 3, to join the discussion meeting with women from all midwestern colleges. Chicago was again invaded in March when the team went down to argue "That the United States should cooperate with other nations in the establish- ment and maintenance of an international police force after the defeat of the Axis." The debators, like other speech and theater groups, were kept busy much of the time arguing Vital questions before var- ious Twin City organizations which asked them to appear. The three members of the winning team in the freshman-sophomore debate, April 21, answered the S533 question for the S100 prize which was divided among them. Big event of the year was the Pillsbury oratorical contest in the spring at which another 8100 prize was awarded the winner. The season finished off with an extemp meet un- der WLB,s Del Dusenbury and a poetry reading contest on May 12. University Theater Evidence of the fine work of the University The- atre in teaching its students the practical side of theatre work were the many graduates who became professional actors and technicians. Pat Ironside created the original role of Flo in "Cry Havoc." During the run of "One Touch of Venus," Kenny Baker became ill and Warren Jones sang in his place. This year the Extension school offered a class in war time entertainment, which dealt with the prob- lems of performing before various military and war plant audiences. The final examination consisted of a variety show which was presented as if for a mili- tary group. Keynote of the work of the University Theatre this year was much activity-in many Helds. Be- sides the plays in the regular run, they presented three childrenis plays-"Anne of Green Gablesf, "Peter Pan,', and "Radio Rescue." A childrerfs show always meant a week of matinees, or eight matinees in six days. So that was where all the hag- gard and worn looking people on the campus came from! Masquers . . . and in the theater, a more specialized group was the Masquers-a gang of jacks-of-all-trade, who were called upon by the University and outside organizations for everything from the usual parties to military entertainment. "Anything to lend a touch of realityi' was the motto, and when "Charlie's Aunti' was given, the Masquers sold root beer during the show to enhance the old-time effect of the play. This organization was mainly a social group of students interested in theater work, and they were willing to give extra shows at the drop of a script. During Freshman Week, they gave two mock radio programs - one for activities day and one at the intermission of the freshman dance with Phil Gelb, the author, playing the title role. The latter performance went off in professional style- after the music from the Union central control room and the play on the stage got together. 2I3 For themselves, Masquers gave a big Christmas party at the theater with everyone acting out the roles they most wanted to play. They kept room 17 in the Nlusic building for their own special lounge, but they didnit find much time to relax, for when the lights went dim this group went on with any show they were asked to do. Election to membership went to those who had greasepaint under their nails, dust from scenery in their hair, and the first play they helped with this year was. . . Charlie? Aunt According to the program of "Charlie's Auntw the "costumes, scenery, and olios were executed in the true spirit and lavish detail of the original produc- tion at the Royalty Theatre, London, in 1892? One might easily have thought he was back in the Gay Nineties instead of 19443, the scenery was so true to the period. Qlf it sounds unbelievable, just ask the production staff who worked overtime on the showj The story of "Charlie,s Auntf' which was written by Brandon Thomas, began in the rooms of Jack Chesney at St. Oldeis College, Oxford, on a June morning in 1892. Two students decided to invite their young lady friends to their rooms to meet Charlieis aunt, a rich widow from Brazil. But auntie didnit get there in time and Lord Tancourt Bab- berly had to pitch in and play the part of the aunt. As if this werenit confusing enough, Charlieis room- mate's father fell in love with her and made the queer situation all the more confusing! But every- thing worked out all right. The rest of the play dealt with the trouble the boys got into and out of -all of which made for riotous comedy. The manpower shortage hit the University Thea- tre, too. lvlembers of the cast had to double up on assignments in more than one instance. Lauren Brink, graduate student, had three positions-he was the lighting technician and assistant director and played the role of the English manservant. Ah, for the good old pre-Wal' days when we thought one job was a heck of a lot of work! With a serviceman in the cast, Pfc. Ken Barry, University alumnus stationed at Fort Snelling in the public relations office, the University Theatre for the first time in its history had to have a rehear- sal curfew. The cast was so encouraged by the large attend- ance at the special performances for servicemen, that they decided to troop the show to Camp Sav- age. They traveled there in army trucks and played on a "pocket handkerchiefn stage to an ap- 2I4 preciative audience. They even ate in the army mess after the show. Something new and different from the usual run of plays was added by the between act songs and dances in "Charlie's Auntf, Newton Griffith and Jeanne Mitchell and a chorus did a song and dance to the tune of "Tell Me, Pretty Maidenf' Roberta Fredette, supposedly from the f'Frisky French Fa- vorites" cast tripped the light fantastic in a ballet- toe dance. The highlight of the show came, however, when the male members of the cast performed with their own arrangement of "Her Eyes Don't Shine Like Diamonds? And next on the roster was . . The Women True to wartime conditions and to its name, "The Womenn had an all-woman cast-not a single man in the show. The whole story of this social satire concerned Women and their fight for their men. Divorces, divorces, and more divorces. The audience never realized before seeing the play how hard it was to catch and hold a man-it was prac- tically a military vic- tory to accomplish this feat. But even though the gals in the play went through a heck of a lot of trouble and worry, most of them came out pretty well in the end. . Since types of women portrayed included every- thing from the rugged to the sophisticated, the men in the audience could take their pick. Sylvia, played by Romona Wyman, could best be described by the term "catty,'g she thought she was doing her friends a good turn by subtly telling them with whom their husbands were going out. The Countess de Lage, played by Vivienne Rice, was continually running into difficulties because every time she got married she had a baby. Crystal, portrayed by Trudy Wy- man, met many interesting men through her job as a perfume salesgirl. The hairdressers, exercise in- structresses, and cigarette girl all presented definite types. M1's. Stephen Haines, played by Corinne Holt, seemed to be about the only normal one in the cast. But no matter what type they were, all had but one objective - MEN. The old saying, "Allis fair in love and warf' 'cer- tainly went without reservations in "The Women? It was perfectly all right to take a man away from another woman, even if he happened to be married to her! That was just part of the game. As if the plot were not interesting enough, there were occasional hair-pulling and nail scratching fights which added to the general hilarity of the pro- duction. To see supposedly sophisticated young la- dies resorting to their animal instincts and tearing out each other's hair to get their way was quite a treat for the male members of the audience. Contrary to general expec- tations, Crystalis famous bath- tub scene was not cut. Since there were no bubbles in evi- dence, everyone wondered if there was water in the tub. lVIen in the audience got an- other intimate view into the private lives of women in the reducing salon scene. Models for the performance were furnished by Daytons and Donaldsons. Occasional mishaps such as allow- ing the Countess to fall off the couch when she wasn't supposed to served to make the show more interesting. The success of "The Womenv could be shown by the sellout houses that rated a notice in Variety, the weekly professional paper. The record night came on Saturday when there was standing room only. It looked like the fellows really went for "The Women." The scenery for the' production was especially simplified. In contrast with the other plays given this year which used period costuming, "The Womenv attempted to be a year or two ahead in style. "The Womenv almost made a gal ashamed that she was a member of that sex, but no one got bit- ter-the whole thing was too funny. Peter Pan "Peter Panf' was a child-like phantasy written so that adults Ceven college studentsj could enjoy it. The story was about Peter Pan, a little boy who didnlt want to grow up. Peter lost his shadow and finally found it in the nursery of the Darling chil- dren after a long search. He persuaded the children to return to the Never Never Land Cwhere children never grow oldj with him. They had quite a time getting to the Never Never Land, running into all sorts of trouble on the way. First they were captured by pirates, but Peter Pan saved the day by throwing Captain Hook, the unscrupulous leader of the pirates, to a crocodile. This made the crocodile very happy because he had tried for years to catch Captain Hook in an off- moment and eat him up, but due to the fact that the crocodile had swallowed an alarm clock which rang every time he got within snapping distance of the captain, he was never able to catch him. With. Marion English playing the part of Peter Pan, the cast gave eight matinees and three evening performances in only six days for packed houses. Over four thousand children shrieked in awe as Peter Pan, Wendy, and Michael flew high over the and the pirates swung from rope ladders in a furious battle with the lost boys. Al- though six performances had been scheduled originally, they were forced to give more because of a ticket sellout. When James Barrie wrote "Peter Pan," he pro- vided that the royalties of fifty dollars a perform- ance were to go to the Great Ormand Street hospi- tal for the sick children of London. Thus the de- mand for more performances by the children in America helped the children of England. After this childhood fantasy, the theatre players decided to indulge in stark realism, and immedi- ately set plans in motion to put on . . . Cry Havoc "Cry Havoc is the realistic story of a band of vol- unteer nurses and their hopeless stand against the Japanese on Bataanf, Combining the horrors of war with the fact that the nurses knew that one of them was a spy, it kept the audience on the edge of their seats during the entire performance. These nurses, who were living in a gun emplace- ment converted into a barracks, came from all walks of life. Their captain, a hard-boiled army doctor with a heart of gold, was played by Betty Thomas Girling. The others had been everything from a bur- lesque queen and a hash slinger to a southern belle. One of the nurses had been buried alive in a foxhole for four days with a half-dozen dead men. After they dug her out she was still alive, but her mind had snapped, thus making the story even more morbid. Adding to the intense drama of the play was an unique sound effect background. Organ music was especially written and recorded for the production. Shell fire, bomb explosions, air raids, anti-air craft 2I5 guns, and songs of various native birds were all employed to make the play realistic. An electric hammer device was used for machine gun fire, and drums gave the effect of falling debris after an ex- plosion. A University Theatre invention called the "VVhiting Bazooka" consisted of a cannon of pipe with an electric firing device that fired flash powder and F uller's earth. Good lighting gave the produc- tion even more realism. The University Theatre had to go "GP, for the scenery of "Cry Havocf, The production staff haunted Fort Snelling, the WACs, the campus ASTP supply sergeants, and the University hospi- tals for authentic equipment and the proper instruc- tion in how to use it. They really did it up right. "Cry Havoc" pulled no punches. Those who saw it, no matter how oblivious they had been of the War before, realized how horrible war can be and how much the nurses were doing in the war. For this reason, a uniformed member of the United States Cadet Nurse Corps was on duty in the lobby to give information regarding the Cadet Nursing Program. Midsummer Nighfs Dream According to tradition, the University Theatre gives one Shakespearian play every year. This year they chose to produce "A Midsummer N ightis Dream." The story of the play concerned the lives and loves of the four main characters, Hermia, Helena, Lysander, and Demetrius. These four, through the influence of fairies, took a love potion which quite confused things at first, but finally cleared up the situation in the end. QAh, that a mere love potion could do such thingsll At the beginning of the play, both Lysander and Demetrius were in love with Hermia, leaving Helena completely out of the picture. After taking the love potion for the first time, however, a mix-up occurred and Lysander and Demetrius fell in love with Helena. This was bad, for now Hermia was left out. So they tried the love potion again and every- thing finally worked out for the best. Most of the play was filled with the antics of mis- chievous fairies, which served to make it more inter- esting, but much more difficult to produce. These fairies, led by Queen Titania, spent most of their time making trouble and fun for everyone. The apprentice characters presented one of the most famous scenes of Shakespeare, that of giv- ing a show for the Duke. What was supposed to be Greek tragedy turned into a riotous comedy. 2l6 The production of a Shakespeare play each year makes the University Theatre more versatile. It proved that the players could give different types of plays and perform them all well. Ag Union Board "In the good old summertime"-and still Ag Union Board worked on, only this time on a smaller scale. Pavement dances-those never-to-be-forgot- ten nights when students danced their legs off to a boogie beat and filled up on the best drinks the house had to offer-coke, community sings on the hill back of Green Hall with the bonfire burning low and a strong tenor voice leading the group in "There's a Long, Long Trailv-these went into Ag students' memory books. Fall quarter was scarcely underway before the Board was in the midst of a drive to obtain host- esses for the navy "new companyv parties. 150 "ready, willing, and able' coeds signed up for the dances held once a month at first and later fort- nightly. In order to do the job up right, vice presi- dent Gloria Trantanella and Jean Griebenow asked Mrs. John McConneloug of the servicemen's center in St. Paul to speak to the girls on how to be suc- cessful hostesses. "Wear bright colors and abso- lutely don't wear clothes of military style," was her advice. One could have heard a pin drop during En- sign George N aismitlfs explanation of the qualities servicemen liked in a hostess. The Boardis luncheon meetings fifth hour Thurs- days were good times for President Aileen Shannon and Secretary Lila Henze to catch up on their knit- ting. At one such meeting it was decided that since the servicemen had become such a conspicuous part of campus life, they would be represented on the Board by each unit on campus-W.T.S., navy and A.S.T.P. The beginning of fall quarter found several changes in Union staff personnel. Ag Union director, Mrs. Dorothy Coolidge, was replaced by Miss Doris Chapman Whose former experience as a lieutenant in the WAC was helpful in getting underway a rec- reational program for servicemen as well as students. Supervisor of soda fountains and personnel was the job Miss Jane McCulloch took over. Evening host- ess lXIrs. Emma Lay Harris spent much time in the Union sewing on loose buttons or talking over the boys' personal problems with them. With sons of her own in service, she liked to play second mother to the men. Christmas vacation was the time scheduled for the Ag Union to have its face lifted. Furniture and rugs literally "were taken to the cleanersf, walls sported a new paint job, new lights were installed in the game room and menis lounge, and worn out bil- liard table tops were replaced. Boogie didn't suit some of the men in service. Lis- tening hours were arranged and the fellows who liked classical music got together for sessions in the Union, with records borrowed from the record lend- ing library-and Joyce Spear saw to it that they got the records they wanted. Juke box rhythm was Bob Beebe's big headache-he had to keep up with all the latest records Frankie crooned. Bob Buch- holtz was chosen to represent the Ag campus on the main Board. Added to all this, sunlights, coffee hours, Friday night dances in the gym, and open houses held after the Christmas Assembly and Recognition Assembly in the spring helped keep the Ag Union Board slightly busy. But for them it was "All in a yearis workf' And on main campus . . . Coffman Union Playhouse of the campus, winter riverbank, ac- tivities center, or just headquarters for the post oflice-call it what you will, the Union was still the center of campus activity this year. Come war, strikes, and balmy Minnesota winters, it was "Till meet you in the Grillei' -or the lounge, the Council office, on the balcony, or any other part of the build- ing where people chose to congregate. A day usually started in the Union when the Daily circulation staff arrived to stuff PO boxes, then came the sleepier part of the army for break- fast, and after that, students began to wander in. Just before first hour, students and servicemen mingled in the PO and cafeteria picking up their Dailys and scanning the humor columns, reading mail, and moaning about the early hour. V'- In the fall and spring, it was an impressive sight to see the khaki-clad columns marching to and from the big building, or the Air Corps singing its way across the campus and down the mall to dinner. At noon, there were people lined up all over the place-the army was spread out for three floors trying to get lunch, and civilian students collected outside the Grille and cafeteria with the same intent. Because of the man- and womanpower shortage, the Grille was changed to a cafeteria this year, and the former Terrace Cafe, which was closed up a year ago on account of the lack of workers, was con- verted into a reading room for students and service- men. War brought other changes to the Union, too. Most notable, of course, was the change in the gen- eral costuming of the men "seen around." The Air Corps took over the third floor as messhall, and the army meds, dents, and some of the ASTP units camped on the ground floor in the old commuters' lunch room. Between meals all detachments-both army and navy-took over the main lounge and the balcony. In fact, one of the biggest fusses of the year was made over a certain editorial in the Daily on the situation. The whole Daily staff went into hiding for three days after that particular issue. Of course, the mention of the words "Union fee" was enough to send many of the servicemen-espe- cially the gallant boys in blue-into slight fits, but they soon got used to it and became indoctrinated with the ways of the campus. Another war change took place in the game room. In the summer, after spring quarter closed, the room which was formerly inhabited by bridge fiends and card sharks was turned into a campus servicemenis center. From five o'clock to eight o'clock every eve- ning, student hostesses entertained the armed forces with ping-pong, card games, and dancing, while a few of the boys shot pool-or rather, played bil- liards-in the room around the corner, or went downstairs to test the endurance of the bowling pin- setters. The hours between 5 and 8 p. m. on weekdays were filled for the servicemen as completely as Union fa- cilities Would admit. The second floor was Activi- ties Row, the hub and begin- ning of most of the "things that go on" in campus war work, in changes and policies of campus government, and in campus entertainment and recreation. To the left end of the balcony were the All U Council, Foundation, SVVFJCC, Junior Board, and the combi- nation Panhel-Interfrat offices, while at the oppo- site end of the floor were the AWS and YWCA offices. Anyone wandering around the Union, at almost any time of day, heard noises of table-pounding from the Council office as an argument grew heated, saw girls scurrying down the stairs with stacks of notices to PO for one of the women's organizations, ZI7 or felt violent breezes as some campus leader or other dashed to one of the many meetings scheduled for the same hour. But the passer-by also noted the strangely quiet atmosphere-like an island of si- lence in the Tower of Babel-that emanated from under the closed door of an office almost centered - almost neutral-in the midst of all the activity. This was the office of the omnipotent group which ruled Union policies and activities-the office of the Union Board of Governors. The quiet atmosphere was engendered by the fact that the board always held very quiet meetings, and during the day, those who frequented the oflice spent their hours deliberating thoughtfully on ways and means to increase Union activities. The board had a large problem in the lack of room with which to accommodate transient board- ers who were brought in with the flu epidemic and the strike. During the epidemic, the facilities of the Health Service were extremely strained, soldiers and sailors who were taken ill had to be quartered in the Red Cross rooms on the third fioor. During the week-long strike, it was necessary to install the Union cooks in the main ballroom. Harking back to former days were the military balls which were given once a quarter. The dances were sponsored by the board and planned by the men from each unit. Uniforms and formals were in order, and the best part, naturally, was that the functions were free to all comers. The lack of ex- pense was a new and different thing, it was voted at one of the boardis first meetings that servicemen could attend any Union function free of charge. Of course the board might have been prejudiced because of the number of men in uniform attending the meetings. In fact, there were only three civilian students-Wayne Brock, Galen Streimer, and Ray Grismer, President Ed Babcock was a member of the NROTC on campus, and the rest of the men were either representatives from the military units or faculty advisors. Every replacement made in board membership this year was a woman, and by the end of the year, the female majority was alarm- ing-to the girls. Vice president this year was Janet Burley, and the permanent secretary was Ray Hig- gms. On the board itself, a new committee on merit was set up. Composed of Jean Danaher, Harriet J untilla, Ruth Dowell, and Galen Streimer, the committee interviewed candidates for committee chairmanships and helped set up the merit system -they claimed themselves to be the hardest work- ing committee of the board. Other groups were the liaison committee in charge of house rules, the pro- 2I8 gram coordinating committee, and the finance com- mittee-all of whom claimed themselves to be the hardest working committees of the board. Meetings were broken up intermittently-either by one of the male members dashing to the field glasses which were permanently stationed by the windows overlooking the mall, or by Ruth Dowell soliciting sales for her hand-knitted bonnets. But the meetings were always quiet- always. Minnesota Foundation 227 Coffman Union-one of the busiest numbers on the University campus, the number of the Min- nesota Foundation office. An all-student organiza- tion, the Foundation started with an idea of President Coffman back in 1937 and has progressed by leaps and bounds ever since. Seven of the mem- bers of the Foundation board were appointed by the All U Council, others were representatives of the different departments and schools on campus-it was really an all-University group. This year's board-along with almost every other board and council of the University-was heavily weighted on the female side, for the first time in its history. Lively, brunette Laura Mae Peterson headed the Board of Directors, and they compiled an impressive list 5- of activities, including Freshman Week, Home- coming, and university and military contacts all over the country. During Freshman Week, the Foundation took care of publicity, the informa- A tion booths, and the cam- pus tours. Six radio broadcasts headlined the public- ity work of the board, but vice president Marv Korengold did equally important Work with the Administration on the publication of the indispens- able freshman handbooks. Foundation radio chairman Harriet Berg had her hands full with Homecoming publicity. Three spot broadcasts were carried over stations WDGY, KSTP, and WT CN , and while Harriet was recalling the alums, Dick Spear was busy showing former stu- dents recent changes on the campus by way of the campus tours. The radio affiliations committee prepared the campus news for all WLB broadcasts, and publicity for the SWECC rally was handled by Chairman Berg. Beginning the week of January 10, WDGY, 72 fiifiiil So Dc-SQ aided by the Foundation, began half-hour broad- casts presenting the University at war. A new project of the Foundation this year was a large plan under a small title-Hometown News. By winter quarter, Eleanor Edwardson's committee had sent items to over 70 newspapers in students' hometowns notifying them of the students' progress CPD on the University campus. More than 50 letters were mailed informing stu- dent organizations of the new service available, and all the organizations made use of it to assure their workers proper recognition. The committee took news from the organizations and borrowed material from the Daily to send hometown folks. In this way the parents, friends, and enemies knew what each student was doing, and prospective students of the U were informed of the activities and functions that were such an important part of the campus. The University contact committee had an assign- ment similar to that of the Hometown News. Un- der Donna Simpson, the committee enlisted the co- operation of all deans and department heads to secure college news for the newsletters sent to Min- nesota men in service. In October, the SWECC board turned the work of the military committee over to prexy Pete and her associates. And during fall quarter, plans for reaching the servicemen with campus publications were completed. Twenty-three students prepared Dailysfor circulation and 1,500 were sent out, also, about 800 of the engineers' handbooks-the trusty Technologs-went to Q00 camps in the United States. A weekly half-hour program, "Mirmesota at War," was planned by Harriet Berg during winter quarter. Various groups from the campus-both military and civilian-were presented to acquaint listeners with the wartime and postwar functions of the University. Plans of the Foundation were carried out this year because people like Lorraine Wilson, Pam Mc- Carthy, Eunice Haried, and Jean Anderson gave up so much of their time to work on the projects, they were carried out because others, like Jean Blom- quist, secretary-treasurer, were particularly inter- ested in the special committees, Mean kept an eager eye on the alum contacts committee - and it wasn't just because Ed Weidner was an alum- or was it?D , and things got done in spite of such sad occasions as Lucky Somers desertion of the board for the Navy Air Corps-it was "onward and upward" for the Foundation no matter what happened, even with the wartime loss of the traditional Foundation Ball. AWS "Somebody answer the phone!" "Where's Sal?" "Who put all those notices in my box-I sent them out in the first place!" Confusion, noise, and much mad dashing around, but the girls always claimed they got things done. With every coed a member of Associated Women Students, the lack of workers that almost every other organization noticed didn't seem to bother AVVS. President "Smilin' Sal" Sjoselius decided early in the year that there P should be some changes ,- made-a more efficient and worthwhile organiza- tion, said Sal, was what this campus needed. The revamping started a year ago when the title was changed from Women's Self Government Associ- ation, and this year work was done under a new committee system, such as the Union Board had, which went into operation winter quarter. The organization still had its various class coun- cils--the freshmen had Bib and Tucker, sopho- mores, Pinafore, juniors, Tam O'Shanter, and the seniors, Cap and Gown-but this year, each coun- cil member became the head of a cominittee. Super- vising the entire hierarchy was the AWS Board. Another revision by the board was that of their well-known campus-wide point merit system. Where formerly girls in all campus activities care- fully counted up their hours once each quarter, the board set up, instead, a system under which only girls working on AWS projects got credit. This eliminated the bother and confusion of trying to fig- ure out how much an hour's worth of work in one activity was in relation to an hour's time on another activity. One of the organization's continuing projects, be- gun a year ago, was the service scrapbook for the Union. AWS girls did the lettering in the book that was kept beside the University service flag in the main lobby of the Union. They kept the book up to date with the names of students leaving for the armed forces and women's reserves. The office at the head of the stairs was the same busy place this year. Starting in August, the girls began work on their first big party-the Campus Sisters' Tea. A tradition on campus, the tea was held every fall and was the event at which freshman girls-each provided with a "big sister"-met fac- ulty women and student big-wigs. This year, Q,000 H2 girls attended the tea, in the Union main ballroom, where the uniforms of various branches of civilian women's war work were modeled, and where promi- nent women on campus were introduced. In order to carry on with the freshman girls, in- doctrination, AWS held a series of freshman inter- views the first part of winter quarter. Members of the board and the councils helped the freshmen fill out questionnaires asking them what activities they were in, which they liked best, and others in which they wanted to participate. Thus, the freshman girls got advice from those who know about cam- pus work that interested them. Even the academic side of the newcomers' col- lege lives was taken care of. For the first time- just before midquarters in the fall- a Cram Session was held. Over 100 girls went to the Terrace Room to hear Ruth Cole Nash, Jane Sullivan, Harriet VVilcoX, and Marie Berg- man dissertate on the best ways to pass tests- , without crib notes. It was 1 :i noticed that the audience 1 1 consisted of as many up- - perclass girls as fresh- SALE At another discussion on freshman activities, the BWOC panel, Ann VVarburton, Marge Cleland, Edna Mae Burrill, and Laura Mae Peterson held forth on the subject of "activities girls,' at Minne- sota. Although that term was, to a degree, in dis- repute, the girls impressed upon their audience the fact that student participation in extra-curricular activities was one factor in the forming of well- rounded personalities. Too many freshmen, they agreed, were afraid to try their hands at activities because they felt they could not break in and work up to major positions. The panel assured the group that such was not the case, for this year--more than ever before-it was the policy of every or- ganization to make a point of getting more workers interested. Sally and her board wrought more changes with the always-popular Marriage Course. The usual course, open only to juniors and seniors, was moved up to fall quarter, and another one was offered dur- ing winter quarter. The latter course was concerned with home planning and cultural living, and as an innovation was well attended. Early in the year, AWS tried its first rummage sale-and the girls talked about it ever after. Held at Seven Corners, the sale was a big success-so much so that another was held spring quarter, but it attracted, along with the legal customers, a rather 220 unsavory group of onlookers who thought the girls were brave and wonderful, doing so much for their school. One truck driver, in fact, was so carried away that he asked Marge Cleland to lunch in order to further discuss the question. Another money- making project, a candy sale, was undertaken by Bib and Tucker winter quarter. During fall quarter it was decided that freshmen were not the only ones who needed campus sisters. Many of the girls in the new campus Cadet Nurse Corps were new to the University, so members of AWS volunteered to help get them acquainted, and a coffee hour was held for them. Then, too, the tra- ditional Transfer Students council gave quarterly parties for the gals ni guys who came to Minnesota from other colleges - all in all, strangers to the cam- pus were well taken care of by AWS. The military influence-felt all over the cam- pus this year-was shown in the AWS newspaper, the Eager Beaver. Edited by Anne Bosanko, the pa- per got off to an undecided start-came out only twice fall quarter-but it came out with wholesome regularity every two weeks the rest of the year. But in all AWS workers, PO boxes, the paper contained news of all the girls, "Social Notes From Here and Theref' and "Cupid Stuffi'-the latest dope on the romance front. Be- 0 sides this, there were bul- letins on the number of hours AWS gals had put. in on war work, meetings Q to be held, and other per- K tinent details. t Classed under the head- ing of "pertinent details" were such things as the Birthday Tea for Dean Anne Dudley Blitz at the YlWCA, January Q7, attended not only by AWS girls, but by students and faculty from every col- lege, activity and organization on the campus. On February 24, came the yearly Recognition Dinner at which the candidates for the next dayis election to offices in the campus women's organizations were presented. And spring quarter Mrs. Coffey held a Recognition Tea for Big Women on Campus. Also in the spring, Cap and Gown council gave a lunch- eon, just before graduation, for senior women, it was at this function that the new Mortar Board members were always capped-after having been serenaded by the former members the night before. When it came to war work, the AWS girls went over the top. Red Cross bandage rolling-spon- sored by AWS-boomed this year and AWS mem- bers spent a total of 1,372 hours at this work during October and November alone. Another "new', this year, was the organiza- max tion of an alumni club for 99 f the girls on council and 6 'Z on the board. Board meetings were -Z ' held many times at Bar- bara Clarkis apartment -the board liked that part, but Barb did the cooking and had a tough time getting all the food to come out right at the same time, most of the meetings were pretty well conducted, except for Ruth Cole Nash's continual desire to "disintegrate into small discussion groupsf, YWCA This year, more than ever before, the YW office was buzzing with activities. The Y girls were kept busy sponsoring and arranging United Nations Fes- tivals, Nick N ax, Conservation, Ltd.-all of their regular program plus added war projects. Among the important interests groups were the social service groups who worked in cooperation with the Office of Civilian Defense. Volunteer work- ers were sent to settlement houses throughout the Twin Cities, and a hospital committee taught crafts to servicemen in various hospitals. Members of the first war project established by the YW, the Service- men,s projects committee, kept up on their knitting and purling when they sewed and knit clothes to go overseas, and at Christmas time this same commit- tee wrapped gifts for servicemen. In connection with its other war work, the Y also sponsored a Service- men's Wives Club for the wives of men stationed on campus. Racial and cultural problems were included in one of the YW's newest projects. The Inter-cultural Education committee worked to bring out better race relations on campus by means of discussions held in collaboration with the Cosmopolitan Club. Then, too, a tribute to various countries was given every two months through the United Nations Fes- tivals where programs, displays, and appropriate refreshments for those attending helped to get peo- ple better acquainted with our allies. The perennial Social Skills committee presented Nick Nax, "Best Foot Forwardf, and instructions in the game that every successful BWOC must know, bridge. One of the most popular interest groups this year was "Romance, Incf' This group consisted of YW and YM students who held discussions at youth group meetings throughout the city on boy-girl re- lations, and these student "authorities" made a big hit with their high school admirers. Another how-to- get-along group was Conservation, Ltd. which worked with Charm, Inc. to help coeds with their wartime clothing problems. Besides these more publicized programs, the high- ly organized YW had a committee for just about every other function. There were such efficient bod- ies as the Camp Counseling committee, leadership training groups, the Evaluation committee, and publicity and art committees. A personel committee helped integrate the members, and the membership committee introduced a new plan whereby each girl could pay her dues at any time for the following calendar year instead of for the remaining term as before. Leaders of the YW this year were Helen Rachie, president, Kay Hornung, vice president, Reva Jean Dunsworth, secretary, Martha Ravlin, treasurer, and the cabinet made up of committee chairmen. President Helen "My-but-this-World-is-a-peachy- place" Rachie was a business personnel senior under whose guidance the YW completed one of its most successful years. Panhel president Kay Hornung was a sociology senior and general BWOCg while Reva Jean Dunsworth was a junior in child psychology and was noted for her sparkling personality and dit- to collection of lapel pins. Sophomores, juniors and seniors were members of the Y council, and the freshmen had their own council which sponsored many programs such as the "Spring Fever Cure" tea for high school seniors. Newest organization was the Sophomore Council which was started this year to coordinate sophomore activities. The Advisory Board which governed and assisted the YWCA members in all their activities was made up of faculty women, faculty wives, and women from the community at large. Together with Doro- thy Whiting, executive secretary, they guided the Y through a highly social and interesting war year. lVIore than that, however, they promoted the Y's most important function--the continuation and improvement of a Christian organization. Through noon meditations, Bible study groups, and plans for a basement chapel to be constructed by the girls themselves, the Y hoped to improve the attitudes and relationships of girls in all activities and to make religion a more integrated part of their lives. 22I To carry on this purpose, the YW worked in cooper- ation with the Student Religious Council. WAA . . . while on the other side of campus, the Women's Athletic Association got OH to a great start this year with a super-drive for members. Marilyn McKay and Dorothy McNeill headed the drive, convincing 509 students, 17 sororities, and 10 inde- pendent organizations that WAA was the group to join for a complete round of campus fun. And fun there was, in large quantities. Every ninth hour was open for the WAAer-she could play basketball, try archery, fencing, or swimming. Tuesday night was Play N ight-contests were run in every sport, folk-dancing was taught, and diving experts gave exhibitions. For the more skilled smoothies, there were special groups-Orchesis, a national organization, for the graceful and lithe modern dancer, Racquet Club for the numerous campus net enthusiasts, and Pegasus for Minne- sota's feminine Gene it if Autrys. -'Q President Jean Thomas X1 Qi, and her board were faced Q7 - with two problems this year that had never bothered her predecessors. The sororities held a Panhellenic Play N ight- after the annual Panhel convention - a time of fun to top the more serious side of the con- ference. The big event, however, was the radio broadcast which took the place of the annual state-wide WAA conference. The University of Minnesota was chosen to put it on, and the job of the Physical Education faculty and the WAA board was to approve sug- gestions sent in by other schools, and to prepare the script for broadcasting. Wartime and post-war prob- lems and compulsory physical fitness programs were discussed by high school and college physical educa- tion teachers. Individual awards in WAA were the maroon-and- gold M and the seal of Minnesota. Of the two, the seal was most prized, as there has seldom been more Qu Q12 Q if as is than one person a year to receive it. Team awards were fought for determinedly, each team hoping to carry off top volleyball honors with the stuffed ani- mal award, put up by the sororities, and the VVAA silver loving cup. The Gamma Phis were forced to relinquish Dumbo, the stuHed elephant, to the Zeta Tau Alphas this year, and the loving cup, also Won last by the Gamma Phis, went to the Junior Phy-Ed Majors. WAA was certainly one of the most active clubs on campus this year, and the girls in it were skilled in sports without being muscle-women. There were few malcontents in this organization that gave every coed her choice of sports, but another kind of "sports" was handled by the. . . Board of Publications Biggest project undertaken by the Board this year was the attempt to make President John Rukavina pause between nthoseopposedmotioncar- riedv in his beautifully executed Roberts' Rules of Order style. During Ruk's final meeting-just to show he meant well-he paused a full five seconds, but the Board remained skeptical. There was noth- ing to vote on at that meeting except adjournment. VVhen John left to take up his interneship in January, another John took his place. New prexy Dablow poured over VVebster's latest for weeks, try- ing to emulate the smooth roll-of-the-tongue that Ruk had perfected on such phrases as Kmaladjusted psychological developmentl' or "'Q'HTLZ,8z!!', It was surprising how many times those phrases came up in the Board meetings. The Board of Pub grew collectively grayer this year over such problems as less income and circula- tion, rising production costs, and the manpower shortage. "War is hell,', was the general sentiment, and even Mr. Kirkpatrick, who pleaded at the pre- meeting dinners for "Just a short meeting this time, huh, J ohn?', had to admit that solutions to the pub- lications' troubles took much time and patience. Dinners before the bi-weekly meetings were disor- ganized affairs. Dablow and Treasurer Dean Bab- cock had the navy to consult with before comingg Rukavina and Bill Peterson, medical and dental students, had to deal with the army, and busy Aileen Shannon usually had a meeting on the Farm Cam- pus to detain her just long enough to miss dinner. Board of Publications meetings were held in room 346 of the Union except for the night Secretary Betty Cudworth slipped up on the reservation. She was' careful not to let it happen again, however, for the Board was loudly serenaded for three hours by rehearsals for the Varsity Show which were going on in the next room. Then, too, there were the extra- legal meetings, held after oflicial adjournment, at the Stadium. These included those members of the military who wanted to get the most out of their time off and those civilians who "didn,t have any- thing else to do anywayf, The Board was almost without a constitution this year. That is, the existing document was in a con- tinuous state of change due to the efforts of the com- mittee in charge of revising it. However, in spite of having no static authority for existence, in spite of Charlie Rock,s constant search for various and sundry budgets, in spite of Dean Williamson's er- ratic attendance, and in spite of Dr. Caseyis and Mr. Kildow's leisurely dining habits, the Board of Publications managed to do a good job of keeping its charges on the road to editorial and financial suc- cess this year. Gopher One of the Boardis most worrisome charges tripped gaily through the year-above the budget, below the budget, setting deadlines, missing dead- lines, and so on, until the last form went to the printer. Located between Ski-U-Mah and the Daily, the Gopher ofhce was the hang-out for reporters who were leery of facing the Daily city editor because of poor copy the day before, Skumites bumming cig- arettes, typewriters, and chairs, and T echnologgers looking for misplaced staff members. Staff recruiting began at Freshman Camp where Editor Kremer and Business Manager Benson ex- tolled the advantages of working on the "most im- portant and permanent publication." "People keep their yearbooks a long time," said they, and the freshmen envisioned a niche in the Hall of Campus Fame - then promptly forgot about the Gopher un- til the book came out. During Freshman week, Marge Benson held con- stant meetings With her staff, and at the end of the first sales campaign she was able to count up a goodly number of receipted cards. At the first editorial staff meeting, "PK" explained the unique plan of the book, wherein copy and pictures were in separate sections. Listeners shook their heads, "Maybe.', Photography Editor Jean Waite kept the tele- phone wires hot trying to get all possible pictures taken before Jim Rustad, chief photographer, left. None of the publications could find another photog- rapher until, from nowhere, up popped McGee- but the well-known "greetings" were in order and Jean, instead of being able to slow down, had to race ef' , 0 v sgQ:"k if against the Army Air Corps. When McGee left, "Oiwin', took his place to finish up the year. Oiwin was just Oiwin to everyone until a phone call came for "Erwin Doyne" -- and the staff was considerably enlightened. Art Editor Joan Dyste and her staff were the idea kids of the book-thinking up clever interpreta- tions of the editoris vague assignments of "general football sketch" or "something good here." Diceis biggest worry was that Messrs. Coffey, Willey, and Middlebrook would object to her drawings of them. Long-suffering Assistant Editor Kay Orr did all the work the others left undone-rewriting copy after Copy Editor Monie Eyler graduated to join the WAVES and win the war in her own way, acting as sports editor when the original leftschool, and relieving the general tension. On the business side, Marge Benson spent most of her time keeping the editor's ideas under ceiling prices, while her assistant, Carol Ringstrom, counted money, deposited money- and lacked money. Barb West, champion diplomat, spent many a night over a hot telephone talking organizations into being rep- resented in the book because "you don't want people to think you've gone inactive, do you?', Combination senior - pictures - and - office - manager Janet Burley was another chronic user of Bell's in- vention, but Sally Rumble pulled down the most- envied job, that of contacting military CO's and explaining the what and why of the Gopher to serv- ice representatives. Sherman Cohn-whom the business office proud- ly pointed to as "Our Staffv-dashed in at 1:30 to pick up all empty coke bottles and take orders for more, breezed out again, and returned later to be put to work for the rest of the afternoon. Days were timed well. During fall quarter, every- one knew it was 4: 30 when the army invaded, after a tough round with MS8zT, to relax on the soft tables before chow. All other times were determined by how soon the staff would go out to eat again. During Winter quarter, however, everyone lost all track of time-and classes. The only indication anyone took note of was whether it was light or dark outside. One hectic week in winter quarter was climaxed 223 by shrieks from PICS office when she and Marge finally completed the budget and pagation. In fact, there were a lot of shrieks from that office - or "The Hole," as it was rightly dubbed by the we-have- been-taught-to-be-neat navy men Who made peri- odic trips to fulfill their 'obligations as members of the Board of Pub. The yearbook staff was given to emitting loud whoops of joy when things reached the extremes of good or bad-as they seemed to do often, according to Workers on surrounding publica- tions. But with Fred Kil- ' dow and Charlie Rock playing mentors to the I book, it couldn't go too ' far wrong-although Q Xxt K things got pretty close a X ' couple of times. The staff X fx won't soon forget long nights spent on copy and proofs, arguments that started at lunch and lasted until dinner, Ankle, the janitor, with his kindly attitude toward peanut shells and spilled potato chips, or the daily shoutof "Any news?" from the reporter of the. . . Minnesota Daily Next door to the yearbook, the "Worldis Largestv found itself considerably reduced this year as the staff ran into paper, type, subscription, and man- power shortages. Before school began, Editor Marge Twedt got married just in time to return to classes as Mrs. Benson-making everything quite confus- ing as there was a Marge Benson in the Gopher office too. So the Daily Benson became known as Twedt-Benson. At the beginning she found herself with a very small nucleus of old workers to build a staff around. There were the four other coed edi- tors-Ruby Juster, managing editor, Nfarge Sear- ing, city editor, Mary Cole, copy editor, and Gerry Sohle, sports editor-and one reporter, Kappy Gir- ton, who had helped Margie put out the summer papers single handed. As classes got underway, other old staH members came in to work, and hordes of freshman hopefuls besieged Margie for jobs. Among the ranks of the "eXperienced', were womenis editor Gloria Dapper, reporter Jerry Kloss, and Erra Cornwell and Marty Silseth who worked on the "rim." The office had a strange appearance at the begin- ning as only four men were there to uphold the old theory that newspapers are a manis trade. The men came and went all through the year- mainly on the sports staff. Freshmen Harry McCarthy, Chuck 224 Sweningsen, and Bernie Singer started out there along with George Munger who showed up for work only when he didn't owe anyone any money- which was seldom. Bernie, Kloss, and Marty soon left to work for Uncle Sam, and Johnny McGee filled pho- tographer Jim Rustadis shoes when he went to work in Schenectady. Winter quarter Mac recruited his pal Terry Covert for the sports staff. The departures of men were always cause for great celebration and commiseration. Before Rustad left he was introduced for his first and last time to the unofficial publications clubhouse, Schieks. Time stood still when Kloss left-literally. His last day in the office he was amusing himself by throwing the copy desk spindle at the bulletin board when he got off a wild peg and hit the clock instead. And when Kloss returned for an evening just before he shipped out of Ft. Snelling, an unforgettable fat least to Macj wake was held by the night staff at lower Sleizers and Peggys. Then the letter writing began. The bulletin board was always covered with mail from former staff workers who were still concerned with the Life of The Daily. Whenever a new letter arrived, it was posted and everyone wrote a reply. All the replies were pasted together to form a long ream of copy paper.,The longest answers went to Kloss. When pasted together, they stretched from the middle of the office ceiling, down the wall to the floor. He was billed twice for the clock via letter. Reason for writ- ing such long letters to Kloss was the staff party paid for by the "Kloss Memorial Fund," the pay he had coming at the end of the month he left. Every Saturday fall quarter the staff went en masse to the football games and cheered loudly for Big Rube Juster, no relation to big Ruby Juster, managing editor. Across the field in the press box sat Gerry, the sports editor, who got a seat there only after a long and bitter argument with Twin Cities sports writers who felt their manly seclusion would be intruded upon if a woman were allowed to enter. In the middle of the quarter, freshman members of the staff held a day of celebration greeting old high schools pals and young brothers and sisters who were visiting Murphy Hall during the state high school press convention. That day was full of upsets. Bernie embarrassed two young girls by tacking up the business office's "information', sign up over the inscription on the door that read "Men." Coley found wadded up copy paper and a bottle of glue instead of sandwiches in her lunch bag. And Kappy couldnit get her car to budge out of the engineers' parking lot-had to miss classes and an important date with her Bill that afternoon while she ran around trying to find a garageman to come fix it. The night staff slaved away at the shop until the wee sma, hours every morning. The latest evening was the Thursday of the strike when Margie, Mac, and Kappy went mad answering conflicting phone calls, trying to get the correct story, until 4 a.m. when the paper was finally put to bed. Record for the fastest work went to Gerry who put out an eight-pager and was through by midnight. Every night the staff looked forward to the visit of Milt Kaplan, last year's Daily worker, who always came over without fail from his job on the Morning Tribune to pick up any late University news and to exchange any new stories. New addition to the shop walls was a tablet commemorating the night Gerry and Kay bought the drinks because the men were broke. And from time to time, pages of quotes and poems by McCarthy appeared on the walls, only to be taken down when a new epic was written. Toward the end of the quarter, Twedt-Benson took a survey among the departments and organiza- tions of the University to find out how well the green staff was covering the news. She was very proud to report the results at a staff meeting that coverage was better than it had ever been. .- I C, I Q 1 ' L wifb, 9 0 . 0965- 'Q 9394 ' ' ?o9"v'1 oo 09 55' V4 403' M N., Q lVIost unique shower in history was given for Margie by the girls of the staff less than two weeks before her wedding. Twedt-Benson, Ruby, Coley, and Gerry planned the party to surprise Marge on her night at the shop. Seventeen girls met at the Milwaukee depot, loaded down with White Castle hamburgers, popcorn, cake, and gifts. They stormed the shop about 10 p.m. singing "Happy shower to you" at the top of their lungs, only to find Marge out for a coke and Mac cursing 610,000 fllf women" as he was trying to take a story over the phone. But the girls moved all their packages down to the poker room in the basement, and when Margie returned, the surprise was still as good. Mac's anger was appeased by feeding him and Milt the left over hamburgers and cake. Singing always played a big part in Daily oflice life. After some freshman had been persuaded to go to the milk truck outside for milk for the gang, songs were exchanged over fifth hour bag lunch ses- sions around the copy desk. An entirely original song was composed in honor of the OWI after Gerry, Mac, and Kay had put out a paper using seven OWI cartoons as space fillers. Kappy earned city-wide fame for herself when she wrote an article about smooching in the Union bal- cony. She soon became known as Flirtin, Girton, riverbanking editor of The Daily. But she gave up that job after receiving two lockets at Christmas and her own man problems became a bit more com- plicated. The strike brought lots of excitement to The Daily ofHce. Twedt-Benson was besieged on every side by people telling her how they thought she should handle the story. The striking union called the printers and asked them to go on a sympathy strike and refuse to put out The Daily. But both printer J ohnny's staff and Twedt-Benson's gang came through and The Daily didnit miss an issue. All too frequently boners appeared in print. Fac- ulty advisers informed the staff that a new low had been reached after Mac wrote and Kay proofread over the president of the University's name as Wil- liam C. Coffey. And Mac was rightfully accused of writing Hction when he composed a story about Marshall graduate Bill Garnaas in which he said the football star had been a great player at Edison high -and even quoted Edison coach Pete Guzy on Garnaas, high school work. The business staff was fooled once too when they ran an ad brought in by a boy who gave his name as Walter Johnson.iThe ad offered services of theme writing by a graduate in English, "Call Gl. 2740. Ask for Walter." The staH found out the next day that the Walter at that number was Mr. Coffey after he started getting calls in response to the ad. The business oflice, oddly enough, was not hit by a shortage of men as most campus organizations wereg for they had as many men on the staff as they had ever had before. In top positions were Bob Carl- son, the manager, Herb Lund and Wally Erickson, advertising managers, Al Dreher, promotion, and Clarence Flynn, circulation manager. Perhaps this unusually large proportion of men was what led to the series of triangle love aiairs which kept the staff in a constant mix-up and the bulletin board covered with tender notes. The girls did a good job this year, too. Under the management of Alice Combacker, the office was really always very business-like. Bookkeeper Betty Lou Bank was another girl who took a Christmas vacation trip, as she went to Texas to visit the one- and-only. Gloria Dickson was the Sally of Sally and 225 Bud-there was no Bud this year. Gloria was the chief gossip collector on campus, but frequently found that people used her column to settle grudges. Many of the office triangles found their way into her juicy columns. In gathering ads for the weekly page, she often found it necessary to humor advertisers who were wolves-but that, she said, was "off the record." Finally, another year's issues of The Minnesota Daily were bound up for future staffs. Bob and Twedt-Benson had left behind them a good business and editorial record, and the staff members had lots of rare memories. Most of the workers graduated either in March or June and went job hunting with a lot of good, practical experience behind them. To anyone who just happened to drop into the office around deadline time, it would appear that the pa- per was put out by a gang just escaped from the nut house--but that's just the newspaper game, part of the lure of printers' ink. Shi-U-Mah One of the reasons for the lack of woman power on the Daily this year was the desertion of Lorayne Cooney and Mary Jeanne Schafer, former Dailyites, who took over the office down the hall in Murphy basement. The girls, election as co-editors of Ski-U- Mah caused consternation among certain groups who thought that the magazine would turn into a midget Mademoiselle, but Larry and Schaf fooled them. Ski-U-Mah turned out to be a he-manis magazine with humor to match. "Clean it up,', said the Board of Publications after the first issue, but still Ski-U- Mah went on its merry way-and Ski-U-Mah sold out. Crlorvig pin-up girls fand pin-up man in the Leap Year issueb were favorites of the military and others not-so-military. Every month, an over-size copy of the current sweater girl was posted on the Skum bulletin board and the Technolog boys gath- ered to howl. Before every issue, the co-editors and itinerant workers gathered to peruse other collegiate maga- zines to pick out jokes that could be used--and several that couldnit. It was the ones that couldn't be printed that went to make up many a publica- tions worker's stock of after-dinner-and-other-times stories. Although it was aimed at the servicemen on cam- pus and contained many jokes and stories of a mili- tary nature, the magazine included the regular col- lege stuff that presented a charmingly warped version of campus life, 19413-M-and did a roaring business with both military and civilian students. 226 ggi N Y -.iw ' an . if Lft Y Wt'-" fl ' x vx O po a.1:, So well did sales go that after the first issue, Busi- ness Manager Ruth Drommerhausen had to solicit already-read copies to give to the subscribers who waited until the second day of sales. Ruth and her circulation manager, Eleinore Hagen, were sorely tried by those former advertisers who balked at tak- ing space "because of the warf, Valiant attempts were made, however, and the girls' efforts were re- warded until the issue when the editors, in the rush of creating, completely forgot to include four ads in the magazine. "We're making up todayv was the signal for everyone to go to the office to suggest headlines that weren't printable and generally to confuse the co- editors. The walls of the inner ohfice were crowded with clippings from the "Back Fencei' column of the Daily commenting on Skum humor, the prize pin-up girls, and an over-size calendar. - Fan letters came in bunches to the girls. One or two were written to the Daily instead of to the edi- tors, but the letter they enjoyed the most came from "somewhere in the Pacificf, It was signed by nine soldiers--a couple of whom were former Min- nesota men. They claimed that a copy of Ski-U-Mah had been "washed up on shorevg and that it was worn out with reading. Larry and Schaf had the letter framed as the prime example of their magazine's popularity. Cub coeds were as numerous as ever, and Ruth had little trouble finding girls to sell. Oddly enough, the only difficulty she had was with saleswomen who were slightly shaky about stalking into military headquarters to sell magazines. One cute freshman Wailed, "But whatill Captain Gates say when I ask him to buy Skum?', "Just don't call it Skumf' said Drommer grimly, "and he will probably buy onef, Ruth found it very disconcerting when, after she budgeted for a low advertising take, ads rolled in at the last minute to ruin the layouts of pages. After this had happened in the first few issues, she and the editors took the philosophical view. "It,s all very simple," said they. "We will not plan the magazine until midnight before the deadlinef' But as this plan would obviously not work, they were forced to leave large, gaping holes to be filled in with jokes and stray stories. The manpower shortage was hardly noticeable, for Tom Clareson, with his fresh, young ideas, wrote reams of copy having to do with girls, the soldiers on the staff wrote reams of copy having to do with girls, and Larry and Schaf wrote reams of copy having to do with-men. Larry and Schaf planned to join with the editors of the other publications to publish, the morning after graduation, a pamphlet containing all those things that could not be printed during the year, but somehow the plan never took actual form-except perhaps partially in the "Gas Jetf' published at the annual Board of Pub dance in the spring. The Ski- U-Mah editors also joined with the others in the perpetual feud that went on in the basement of Murphy between Arts college publications . . . Technolog . . . and the home of engineers and sliderules, which was ably defended during fall quarter by Edi- tor Bob Giantvalley, better known as Geevee. The Technolog staff was as wolhsh as ever this year, brandishing their tripods with glee at the sound of a feminine voice. The sweatshirted gang began work early, putting out a summer magazine for the first time in history. Editor Giantvalley found out at the beginning that his job consisted of a lot more than leaning back in a swivel chair and howling at the girls who scurried quickly past his door. He had to dig in to do much research and fact checking, and monthly deadlines always found him tearing his hair wondering where he was going to get material to fill a magazine big enough to accommodate all the ads that Business Manager Dick Engdahl had roped in. But he never had any trouble finding enough jokes. Nor did he have to worry about what kind of jokes to put in, for the Log was governed by the Tech Commission which was headed this year by Ed Proszek, big man in the Engineering school- and good friend of Geevee's. When joke editor, Bill Sanford, left for the army at the end of fall quarter, he bequeathed to the staff a collection of gags- culled from other magazines-large enough to last the rest of the year. Still, the best ones were those that didn't get into print. The walls of the office were decorated with more calendars than any staff could ever need- just be- cause the boys liked the pretty pictures on them. On one wall was the imprint of a very large pair of very red lips-in memory of the girls who used to come around, according to Geevee. There was never-at any time during the year-room for the coats to be hung up as the coat rack contained a better collec- tion of cast-off clothes than a Salvation Army depot. More than one typewriter was smashed by being dropped on the fioor, and the office radio never worked unless given the same treatment. But none of this bothered the Technolog boys-they worked with slipsticks. The office was a combination workshop, study hall, lunch room, dressing room, and date bureau. Every night Dick and Ed Proszek sat up doing engi- neering reports. Every day the tin lunch buckets belonging to Ed and Geevee were part of the office equipment, and at any hour of the day or night someone was on the phone trying to get a date or discussing the evening before. The formerly masculine Technolog staff began to take on a much more feminine appearance this year. Six coeds held important staff positions. Eleanore Odegard and lVIary Ann Busch were personnel man- agers, Florhelen Palmstein copy editor, Ann Bennett and Harriet Schmitt editorial associates, and Gee- veeis girl friend, Helen Helland, was a reporter. But not even women stuck by the staff, as circulation manager Marie Vachon left to join the WAC. It was not an uncommon sight to see a couple of the Log boys come tramping into Murphy hall with dirty faces, heavy packs and long beards after a rugged canoe trip to the north country. Ed and Geevee took the first trip and went the farthest north, came back when they got down to nothing but a few soft potatoes, withered carrots, and half a can of peanut butter. Later Geevee and Andy went as far as the Apple River just for a day. Andy finished off his term as editor by getting married before he left for active navy duty. For spring quarter, Harry Brenner took over the editoris chair-the first time for the Technolog to have three editors in one year. Dick and Ed worked long hours trying to figure out how to throw three celebra- tions with only a budget for one. The collection of dogs which the engineers man- aged to house in the office was strange and wonder- ful. The other offices accused the boys of having a mercenary interest in the dogs and threatened to call in the SPCA. But the engineers denied all, and bummed sandwiches from the Skum staff to feed their temporary pets. ?-n 227 N Ro TC Dances Each quarter the navy men said it was the best dance they ever attended, so apparently the "Nrotcy', parties got better and better as the year wenton. The October formal was patterned after the An- napolis Ring Dance, consequently, about the middle of the evening, members of the junior class lined up with their dates and walked through the huge ring in the lounge of the University Club. "Smoochingest party I ever sawf' said one new- comer to the unit as each girl dipped the class ring into a bowl containing water from the seven seas, put it on her dateis finger, then concluded the cere- mony by kissing him. It was this last part of the rite that seemed to be of the greatest interest to the on- lookers. Techniques were care- fully studied by the crowd - Hollywood-type kisses brought apprecia- tive whistles, cheers, and clapping, while short pecks got only good-na- tured boos. More than navy rings were exchang- ed at that dance, how- ever. First classman Oscar Zoebisch announced his engagement, and the smoke-filled room smelled more of the traditional cigar smoke than of the usual cigarettes. Although the ring dance was most impressive, thanks to Bob Johnson, first classman and arts senior who was chairman, the winter quarter formal made the biggest hit. Captain Gates decided that the unit had enough ceremony and that, combined with the fact that classes were all mixed up at the beginning of winter quarter, was the reason for the formal-without ceremony. Held January 8 at the St. Paul Hotel, it was the best unit dance of the year. What guaranteed the overwhelming success of the party, though, was the good coke, '7-up, sour, and soda that the hotel served free for refreshments. The more strictly "navy', of the boys nearly went crazy trying to figure out what the flags, used for decorations, were signaling. The rest of the crowd had to restrain the eager ones from taking the flags down to fix them so they made sense. For the class graduating in June, the largest to leave the unit during the year, the NROTC planned a dance to climax the seasonfs activities--held the middle of June, and conducted with all the cere- mony and fun that characterized '43-'44 dances. ' 9 ' . M 1 . ' 1, 14:35 Z 4t:E 228 Nights before the parties always found the quar- ters in an uproar-some men still trying to get dates, some arranging corsages, others lining up blind dates. The majority-who had planned far in advance-checked to see that uniforms were in or- der for the dances were far more important than any routine inspection. The boys wanted to look espe- cially goodfor their dates--and, just incidentally, for the officers who chaperoned the parties. N ROTC dances were among the few formals held this year. They brought back memories of the days when most big parties were formal-while along fraternity row . . . lnterfraternity Ball The tradition of formals was broken right and left this year, and the Interfraternity Ball was no ex- ception. Where formerly white ties and long dresses were Worn, tweeds and short skirts aboundedg where formerly fraternity brothers held a dinner at "the house" and presented dates with pins representing the fraternityis crest, the brothers got together shortly before 9 p.m. the night of November 27, picked up their dates, and headed for the nearest streetcar. Although formal attire was out this year, there were no restrictions on fun, and the halls of the Commodore Hotel in St. Paul rang with the har- mony-and noise-of fraternity songs. The Com- modore was the headquarters for many a fraternity and sorority dance this year, and when all the male Greeks and their dates got together at once, the evening was a hit from the start. Men from all over the country were included this year as fraternity members from the military groups on campus were invited-and many a tall tale was exchanged about chapters in other states, and about the "good, old days" at Minnesota. But no one was wistful+the party was too good. Interpro Ball . . . and the professional Greeks were no slouches, either. In their case, too, it was a case of no formals and no corsagesg but the precedent had been broken for them the year before. However, the Radisson was the stomping ground for many of them, any- way, so the night of their ball was like old home week. Held January 29, the Interprofessional Ball was attended by a great number of men in uniform. Many of the medical and dental students on cam- pus went into uniform 6 months before, and were old hands at life in the service by the middle of the school year. The committee in charge of the dance consisted of Bob Swanstrom, Phil Sauer, Walter Carpenter, Bill Watson, and Paul Seifert, and the boys chose the Tri Delt Trio-Evelyn Storberg, Ruth Odegard and Jeanne Monick-for their special entertain- ment along with Bob Hewitt's orchestra. When the evening was over, another good University party had gone down in the records, and a "fine time was had by all"- all who could remember it, that is. Freshman Week This was the time for the University and its more seasoned students to show off, this was the time for the recruiting of new workers for campus organiza- tions, and, most of all, sm, m this was the time for the ' 5'a?a2"'5 upperclassmen to look over the new crop of girls and "cut one out of the herdv while the cutting was good. And the upper- classmen and women didn't miss a bet, there were as many of them on the campus-except, of course, early in the morn- ings which was when registration started-as there were freshmen during the week. The army began its infiltration at Freshman camp where the newcomers learned about campus life by listening to panels and discussions of University problems, and by watching the upperclassmen at play. For two days the freshmen asked everything they Wanted to know of the organization heads, deans, football players, and every other type of campus big shot that attended. But Camp Iduhapi was only the beginning, and Freshman week officially started Monday, Septem- ber 20. Boys got a fore-taste of what army life would be like-lines, lines, lines. Newcomers never forgot the Health Service with its charming garments, the number of "campus leaders" who suddenly became their good, good friends when they promised to work on certain activities, or the number of cards and pages of blank forms they had to ill out. For the first time, compulsory speech tests were added to the program. These tests were in connec- tion with the newly formed Student Activities Bu- reau and helped the freshmen adjust themselves to the University,s curricular and extra-curricular pro- gram. Making out class programs was one of the im- portant college routines to learn. T oo often, classes were cancelled, already filled, or located in some obscure building such as A X BrH or WuH-which C ,yn names were not posted on lA CX Q the signboards that dot- . ted the campus. C iw Confusion was the by- X word, and many a sopho- more felt extremely smug lv 'Nab when, standing in front of Northrop, he was asked to point out the Administration Building. Easiest buildings to find, of course, were the Union and N orthrop, but still one freshman got mixed up on his unions and was quite shocked to have an SP ask him for identification before letting him in "the ship." The first two days were devoted mainly to regis- tration, Which for the first time was held in Coffman Union instead of the Armory, but the evenings were filled. Monday night was picked for the traditional mixers, and the Tuesday afternoon twilight gave the newcomers their first chance to test the Union ball- room floor. Upperclass wolves cut in on freshman girls, but with the man shortage, things came out about even. At the mixer, big Paul Mitchell, Gopher star tackle, got up and told the crowd all about go- ing out for football-that is, after he finished his chalk talk on river-banking. Quarterback Bill Gar- naas and YM prexy Bob Sommers beat their heads against the wall, but Mitch went leisurely on and on and the freshmen loved it. Thursday afternoon, the AWS Campus Sisters took the freshman girls to "tea"-another get-ac- quainted affair at which Dean Blitz and women's activities head spoke to warn the girls not to spend more than 280 hours a week on extra-curricular work. The freshmen looked in awe at "campus leaders" -some of whom they saw at camp and others they met during the week- all had the glamour of those who "knew their way arf? around." Especially did MJ they remember Siegel's y of "Friendship,', the sail- or who threatened to jump over the balcony at J twilight, and Jean Dana- XM her and her various com- mittees who made the whole week possible. Freshman week was climaxed by the dance Saturday night-the last big event in an eventful week-and the freshmen looked back on it many times after they had been introduced to the rigors of classes. I and Grismerfs rendition.. 42 - fl LJ 229 Engineers' Day Although Freshman week went on as usual, no parade, no field day, no love, no nothin', was almost the story of this year's Engineers' Day. The tradi- tional day when the rest of the campus was sud- denly made conscious of the fact that engineers were maybe human, could dance, did not have to resort to their slide-rules for clever ideas Calthough this may still be classed in the "Unproved Theory" lilej , and merited recognition through special affairs of their own, seemed lost for the duration. The rumor was unofficially circulated that the great day would be forgotten entirely until a peti- tion, signed by some 70 eager engineers, was pre- sented to Ed Proszek-via the Technolog bulletin board-protesting at this revoking of engineers' rights without representation. Proszek rushed over to the USS Pioneer Hall and held a quick consulta- tion with Miles Olson, chairman of Tech Commis- sion and last year's Day chairman. The two brains decided that in view of the situa- tion Qmeaning a threatening gang of engineers de- prived of their rights and brandishing slide-rulesj something should be done. And reparation came in the form of a dance March 3. A concentrated E Day took place at the Brawl-green was the color scheme, St. Pat ruled, and his queen was chosen while the wolves howled. All agreed that the affair was a success despite the priorities on time. The 1943 Engineers' Day was without parade, and St. Pat and his queen breathed sighs of relief. That horseback ride around the campus never was welcomed by the two headliners of the Day. Carroll Martenson, St. Pat of '43, and his queen, Laurel Anne Lein, reigned with dignity and indecorum over the all-out festivities, Friday and Saturday, Febru- ary 19 and 20. Because Engineers' Day was moved ahead in '43, the traditional open- ing and knighting cere- monies were held inside. At 1: 30 Friday, a fanfare announced the entry of the royal couple into the ballroom of the Union, they were accompanied by a band and the ever-faithful Pershing Rifle guard. The holiday officially opened when the queen dubbed St. Pat patron of all engineers-much kiss- ing took place, and then everyone grabbed a girl and began to dance to the all-engineer orchestra 230 which had been recruited from the basement of the ME building. The cry of "play ball!" was the signal for the start of Field Day, held inside because of "inclement weather." A big all-engineer basketball tournament was fought out between students from each of the engineering departments, and a bowling tourney was in session Friday night and Saturday morning. Then the Brawl. Saturday night, all the engineers and their dates met in the final blow-off of the week- end in the main ballroom of the Radisson. With Red Melgren's band playing, the engineers raised the roof and then disappeared from campus knowledge for another year. Some of the boys looked forward to a mild gang fight the night before the whole thing started. A few gay engineers had led a raid on the Ag campus just before Foresters' Day and were expecting reper- cussions. In spite of guards and below zero weather, QCENSOREDQ engineers made their devious ways to the other campus and gathered in front of the Forestry building. From somewhere they brought a snow-plow and dragged it up the steps of that build- ing. Said one bystander, who was rumored to be an Arts college student, "It would take 20 men to lift that snow-plow, but 5 of those engineers got it up there in a couple of minutes." Then the boys climbed the Ag water tower and wrote in huge, portentous, green letters, "Our idols, the engineers" to be left for the gaze of all human- ity-and the shocked eyes of the foresters-the next morning. The guilty ones were all engineers, too. That green paint on the coat of the managing editor of the Daily didn't mean anything-he was just there for the story. Nor was the ripped sleeve on the Gopher editor's coat particularly significant -he only wanted to chronicle the event for history. But the foresters were not heard from, and the '43 E Day went peacefully on without interruption. This year's brawl was without revengeful incidents and was accepted by all as a very satisfactory-if not lengthy-substitute for the usual celebrations. Homecoming . . . dull, dark day that it was. Rain, rain, rain- which turned into sleet, which turned into snow -which turned many a nose purple and many a foot stiff. Publicity for the great day started at Freshman camp where co-chairmen Maxine Siegal and Ray Grismer chased each other around Camp Iduhapi shouting, "Get your date for the big Homecoming dance. We ain't got one yet-but we're tryin'." And at every campus function from then on, the spectators could expect to be interrupted by two blurs shrieking, "Homecoming, Homecoming!" Because of the war, the great post-Varsity chow bonfire' was cut out, and also because of the war the Varsity show had a distinctly military angle, as Nlax and Ray talked to the Campus COS and got men to help in the planning and production of the show. Homecoming buttons disintegrated to ribbons this year-after the cardboard of a year ago-and all that was needed to get into the V Show was one of the maroon-and-gold silk strips. The audience lined the stairs of Northrop and it was "SRO" as far as late- comers were concerned. The show was a series of acts MC'ed by one of the men from the Language "' 5 .xv ' p 3 '- and Aera group g and both 1 3 students and military '.','f?QX:'ix '3- av dv" 9: took part-one of the 43339 r most memorable acts be- ing "Casey at the Bat" W' as envisioned by Bud Thompsen and Dick Leversee of the NROTC unit. The show had a smash finish-after the singing of famous military songs by the units assembled on the stage, the men marched off and down the center aisle to the "Army Air Corpsa' song. Despite the fact that the orchestra got mixed up on its tunes at that critical point, the whole thing was extremely impressive. The orchestra itself was a triumph-Max, Ray, and their committees had fought for a big name band from the start. Students and faculty scoffed- "Not in a war year," said they-but the co-chair- men won their fight and Boyd Raeburn came to play, both Friday night, November 5, at the Varsity show and Saturday, November 6, at the Homecom- ing dance. After the gala Friday show, the campus was on edge about next day,s game. The Homecoming mot- to was "Blackout the Boilersi'-and the weather did its best. No one who sat through the four tense quarters would forget the wet. Just before game time, every military unit on campus was assembled on the gridiron, and the long lines of khaki and blue gave the huge crowd an insight into the extent of the University's military program. Even Old Man Weather couldn't dim the spirit and color of the tra- ditional pre-game flag-raising ceremony as the spec- tators rose and joined the massive militar a0'Ore0'a- tion in the salute to the flag. As for the game itself-in spite of the weather ybbb and in spite of the fact that the Golden Gophers had to bounce back from losses on the two preceding Saturdays, the crowdis excitement rose when Min- nesota scored the first touchdown and did not let down until the final whistle blew. Holding a mighty Purdue eleven to a tie for four quarters- until the final seconds of --J Ui X9 el- .-. the game the Gophers gave their supporters good reason to shout ' themselves hoarse. And in the last minute a wet ball turned the tables, but every person in the stands felt that the team had played one of the sea- son,s great games. The crowd went soddenly off the field and back to the many post-game parties that were held. Alums trekked to the Union where a tea was being given in their honor, and other hardy souls gathered at a post-game "Frolic,' in the ballroom where the V-12 band played for dancing. Most of the crowd, however, went home to un- freeze and dry out-to talk over the game and to speculate who had stolen the Homecoming decora- tions and put them on sorority house lawns. It was becoming practically 'traditional that the big go- pher-which every year faced the "Welcome Alumsv sign on the Union from the mall-would turn up missing a couple of days before Homecom- ing. This year, the decorations committee had a hard time finding their equipment at all, but it finally turned up in a storeroom under the stadium. Saturday night the dancing crowd overflowed both the main ballroom- where Raeburn played- and the cafeteria-turned-ballroom-where a local band played. The Homecoming queens-girls who had sold the most ribbons- were presented and the festivities ended with Max and Ray jitterbugging and people agreeing that "VVe may have lost the game, but we won a moral victory over Purdue." Snow Weekend . . . and there was no "moral victoryn involved. For, sad to relate, no body of students-no matter how sincere-could have a moral victory over the weather, as the Snow Weekend committee found out this year. Even though snow finally arrived, after a hard struggle, the annual mid-winter celebration had been postponed so many times that when it did come off, arrival of snow was rather anti-cli- mactical. 23I "Balmy Minnesota" was the by-word-and Jean Thomas and Phyllis Carlson, Snow Weekend co- chairmen, were nearly balmy, too. They felt that even though the snow train and other Snow Week traditions had to be cut out, the least the weather could do was cooperate. They held vesper services for weeks and investigated all rumors of snow-mak- ing machines, but to no avail. It looked as though winter was not "coming out', in the 1943-414 season at Minnesota. Finally, however, the girls decided to go ahead- snow or no-and Friday, February 4, in a cere- mony in front of the Union, 3 Snow Girls were chosen. Rosemary Dawson, Donna Perkins and Ruth Rossiter were picked as being most representa- tive of Minnesota Coeds in the fields of vim, vigor, and beauty. That night prayers were answered and snow came. Not much, but it brought back memories of the drifts and ice of other Minnesota winters - after the long siege of summery weather. On Saturday, February 5, a Snow Romp was held, and students gathered by the river to sing, eat, and throw around what snow there was. Saturday night, students celebrated the "prodi- galis returnv at a dance in the Union. "Everyone had fun,', said the co-chairmen, "but we did have trouble figuring out whether this was a late fall or an early spring." Campus Chest Set up for the purpose of consolidating all Hnancial drives on campus, the Campus Chest-headed by Bee Caley, president, Dorothy Schroder, treasurer, and Charles Rock, secretary and advisor-spon- sored the fall Chest drive, the Christmas Seal drive, the War Bond drive, and the Red Cross drive this year. The first big project, the Campus War Chest drive was run under the chairmanship of Marge Cle- land and surpassed its goal. In the winter, Joey Dedolph was named to head the Fourth War Loan drive on campus. Her effort brought receipts to over 852,000-well above the original goal of 336,700- and the University was able to buy 4s duck trucks for the army. The Campus Chest began as a branch of the Twin City Community Chest, but it soon became a per- manent fixture. However, it continued cooperating with the downtown organization, and took lessons from the more experienced workers in the field. Pls :Is Pk his Pk 232 Campus Chest This year it was a war chest Below: The tall campaign for funds to support campus and war organiza- tions. "One for All"--one deposit tor all, a unified effort. Here, Eugene Leadon and Norman Delin contribute their change and get "hung" by Beth Doeringsteld while Lois Fakler beams at them. Above: The winter quarter campaign in collaboration with the Fourth War Loan drive. All over the Union were posters showing the horrors of war and suggesting that the students help by con- tributing at the ever-'Famous "tables in the Union PO." And those tables did a lot of good. Through the money contributed there, campus war organizations, such as the Red Cross and the Students' War Efforts Coordinating committee, could carry on their work. The duties of SWECC were tied up closely with the Campus Chest. lt was the committee's job to allocate war projects to the various organizations: and through the Chest, they were able to provide the funds needed. Back Row: Dorothy Schroeder, Harriet Schaetter, Barbara Maurin. First Row: Marjorie Cleland, Ann Young, Frances French. In tront: Charles Rock, Harriet Caley. s C., A Y :Hill , 4', an - jf!" . my. . l ix., ' , ,gg-Q", 233 LB "School of the Air" Far left: Pat McClernon, the only woman radio engi- neer on campus, and Bert Holmberg check to see that the program is on time. Mr. Ziebarth shows Leona Bratland ancl Kay Dale the cues for sound effects. Below: Just before program time-'Ros Otto, Mae Beclrtenwald, John Rogers, Mel Bolster, and Marian English make some last-minute rearrangements. Debate "But clon't you see . . . !" Frances Usenelc speaking-with gestures, Extreme bottom: Lila Mae Anderson gets over a point, but Howie Larson and Ted Anderson loolr pretty grim about the whole thing. Bottom right: The debate team, back row: Gillrenson, Maloney, Anderson, T., Larson. Seated: Usenelr, Professor Rarig, Anderson, L. 234 l Frank M. Vfhiting University Theater-- Masquers Above: Mr. Whiting's own special creation for sound effects in "Cry Havoc"-the Whiting bazooka -sounded realistic, as long as the audi- ence couldn't see it. Right: Members of the Masquers delve into the requirements of the theatre more thoroughly-that 'First "walking lesson" is the toughest, and here, the group presents an informal satire on lite behind the scenes. In the bottom picture, Masquers' ingenuity is tested in the task of finding -or making -the right decoration for a scene. Below: And, ot course, the make-up job is most important-a slip of the hand could change the entire expression on her face. frm, 235 Q15 tl- AX, They Work Hard to Entertain .leane Monick, President of Masquers. Back Row: Graner, Ericsson, Fredette, Herrmann, Kiekenapp, Kiebel. Second Row: Flesher, McGoldrick, Holt, Krause, Olson, Rice. First Row: Broker, Swanson, Mr. Whiting, Monick, Cherne. Fantasy and Comedy 236 Left: Hermia and Helene, as played by Corinne Halt and Eugenia Orlick, strilce a pose between acts of Midsummer Night's Dream. Below: Charlie pleads with his "aunt" not to reveal "herself" and get him in trouble. Merton Griffith as Charlie and .lack Mezirow as the aunt. Ava Jeane Moniclr as Wendy and Marion English as Peter Pan urge The famous bathtub scene-included despite attempts to - .- .. - .. - - I. I Michael, Gordon Whiting, to fly with them. cut it out of the play Trudy Wyman as Crystal has a :tt e trouble with her step-daughter. Peter Pan The Women The Finest cat-tight of all, in the final scene ot the play- Mary Haines, Frank Whiting demonstrates the correct way to come out of a dog-house to Corinne Holt, gets in her innings against Crystal and ends up with the cast. the man, Ann Malrer, Ruth Swanson, and Ramona Wyman, as the nurses, look over their bomb-shelter home grimly. Cry Havoc -f A . , E ,xA' ,. ,ix ii' i . . s 4 3 ,ia- ' 1. ' if 1:1215 ' fi?" V' wig - x Vi bg ' .f-ff, 1.3-f .C K-flzy., . -., f- ,ite ., - ev . qu A Q ', - jk .. Qi, 4 ww 1 ng-'4 W Dorothy Harris, as Anne, shows objects slightly to some thing Wayne Murphy tells Audrey Kielcenapp. Anne of Green Gables and idsummer ight's Dream The tensest scene of all, the only time the girls showed fright- Costuming for Midsummer Night's Drearn was elaborate and when a mouse ran through their crowded room. beautiful. Helene, Hermia and Queen Titania In conversation. Back Row: Christiansen, Rock, Giles, Cook, Larson, Benson, Ebletoft, Jandl, Ludke, Buchholtz, Juntilla, Kirkpatrick, De War, Brock, Mark, Dowell, Goode, Mills. Seated: Danaher, Nissen, Burley, Babcock, Streimer, Luftman, Higgins. Union Board of Governors Ed Babcock, president of Union board. Aileen Shannon, presicleni of Ag Union board. Ag Union Board Back Row: Halberg, Buchholtz, Spear, Beebe, Trantanella, Sinnema, Taylor, Higgins. Seated: Griebenow, Englehart, Hinze, Shannon, Dean Blitz, Chapman. 239 The new Terrace reading room was frequenied by both soldiers and civilians. Each quarter there was a formal Military Ball-shades of former years! Below is just a portion of the glamor-uniforms ancl long dresses- at the fall dance. 12? . A Nothing can stop the Army Air Corps" - at least not on their way to clinner. Down the mall and across the over-passes they marched each evening, singing for their supper. A 5 I sf Q 1 sus' .Xl Fx I ,T ,:t"-" X -f..,..f' Something ditferent every Sunday. The soldier below bids a doubtful "no trump" at one of the bridge parties for military and civilians. "'-1 From Registration to Records Top: Worse than the army-the line-up in the cateteria at meal-times, a place to lose friends and alienate people. Below: More lines-this year, freshman registration was in the Union instead of the Armory. Ray Higgins, Union director, Ruby Christianson and AI Giles, program consultants, planning more ways to keep the students entertained without tearing the place apart. Lower right: The record lending library was another good excuse to relax. Here Ros Otto, May Becktenwald, John Rogers, Mel Bolster, and Marion English try to decide between Beethoven and Basie. 242 Above: the midget-sized model of Coffman Memorial drew many an "Oh, how cute!" from the 'Freshmen on Activities Day. Minnesota Foundation The Foundation board, back row: Clark, Kolb, Simpson, Fritter, Spear, Dapper, Berg, Mr. Ford. Seated: Korengold, Pet- erson, Bloomquisf. Below, the Home Town News commiiiee - back row: Jarvis, Anderson, Linman, Langman, Ha- ried, McCarthy. Seated: Wilson, Gould. Righi: Secretary Jean Bloomquist, Vice President Marv Korengold, and dent Laura Mae Peterson. Presi- in R., Official mailing service, the Miliiary Conizacis committee-Jacobson Siiegel, Edwardson, Swenson, Maison, Schiefelbein, Johnson, King Haywood. 243 YWCA cabinet, baclr row: Hornung, Carlson, Reid, Heinselman, Rachie, Waite, Sempam, Hofmeyer, Swensen, Ravlin. Center: Dunsworth, Kuhr, Burt. Front row: Barnard, Lilligren, Boice, Paulson, Whiting. YWCA At the YM-YW Russian Festival, students got a real "taste" of Russian lite-and food. Orthodox native costumes were worn: and those who could spoke Russian. X55 ,r VH ZW" Kzwzsge., 2 :ala , Jw ' :Q A .57-3.5" ' .jg , M , , eesr ' 244 Helen Rachie, president of YWCA. A candle-light affair-'for the Y recognition dinner. Helen Rachie and her committee in charge over-see the arrangements before guests arrive. WAA cabinet, baclc row: Storberg, French, Turnquist, lngersoll, Baclrlund, Smith, McKay, Miller. Front row: Bermingham, Cooper, Anderson, French, E., Oliver, Callies, Mjoset, Borg, Laine, Thomas. Above: Jean Thomas, President of the Women's Athletic Associa- tion. Below: Orchesis, the national dance sorority, performed for the WAA group this year-their training in modern dance placed them among the most graceful girls on campus. Women's Athletic Association On the way out-members of the Aquatic League practiced diligently this year, did more swimming than is usually done in a summer, and in the spring produced "Swimphony," a splashy exhibition of aquatic entertain- ment. 245 G AWS board, back row: Bosanlco, Colle, Nissen, Schafer, Ballou, Crispin, Girton, Snead, Henry. Seated: Danaher, Clark, Sjoselius, Schaffer, Cleland. Above: Journalists, too, the AWS "Eager Beaver" goes to press. Above left: The Committee-in-Charge-of-Cutting Things Out for servicemen's scrapbooks. Alice Coleman, Alice Foster, and Edna Snead are the snippers. Lett: AWS benefit tea-bridge at its utmost with Katy Brown, Edna Snead, Dorothy Battin and Barb Robertson looking quite serious about the whole thing. Sally Sjoselius, President of A.W.S. 246 Associated omen Students At the sophomore council tea - Katty Worrell pouring. Below: Dean Blitz's Birthday tea, celebrating her twenty-tirst year on campus was held at the YM. Sally Sjoselius stops to chat with the dean-and get more coffee. 757 Top, Pinafore-back row: Haried, Young, Sorenson, Stranberg. Front row: Hagen, Burns, Matelslty. Middle, Tam O'Shanter-Standing: Oliver, Northfield, Bergford, Banlc, Stewart, Teberg, Marlchus. Seated: Lundeen, Rabin, Wilcox. Bottom: Bib and Tuclcer-back row: Jardine, Bjehlenas, Coleman, Snead, Foster. Front row: Stevens, Voclclevelr, Belcom, Ballou. 247 ws-- "AII Working, Sometimes" Cap and Gown Council, standing: Burns, Kennon, Gulbrandson, Behrendt, Marlchus, Dytert, Foot. Seated: Wagner, Orvis, Cleland, Overn. Miss Vetta Goldstein brings movies of fashion in homes and clothing to the girls. Interesting screen, isn't it? 248 Top of panel: the "Eager Beaver" stalif, Alta Smith, Eleanor Colle, Joyce Clarke, Marge Stevens, and Nancy Keely-gossip-monger and news hounds, all. Bottom: The 'Freshman interviews-Harriet Wilcox and Bette Wallace talk over future interests on campus. Below: The Ag campus Sisters' Tea. Peg Henry helps welcome the 'farm campus freshmen to the fold. Above: Shrouded Red Cross workers on the main campus. The bandage-rolling room was crowded with girls each day it was open-especially Mondays, when sorority girls got in their weekly hours. Joy Nissen is supervising and at the nearest table are .lean Levy, June Ulanove, Dorothy de Lambert, and Mildred Henly. Ag AWS, board, standing: Swinborne, McCracken, Griebenow, Jones, McGillivran, St. Cyr, Becker. Seated: Hein, Jones, Henry, Caldwell, Thompson. Ag campus Coeds did their bit in Red Cross work, too. Donna ' Caldwell watches carefully as the finer art of bandage-rolling is explained. Rv 'Q ,ef 2 4 'Q 249 Left to right: ,lohn Rukavina, Gordon Abraham, John Dablow, William Peterson, Betty Muchler, Dean Babcock, Betty Cudworth, Mr. Fred Kildow, Aileen Shannon, Mr. Evron Kirkpatrick, and Mr. Charles L. Rock. Board of Publications Left: Mr. Kildow and President Rukavina look over a budget or two--some- body must be losing money this year. Lower left: At the Dog Watch-the only time students can safely satirize the professors: and below: The finance committee. Dean Babcock, Aileen Shannon and Ray .lohnson look over Charlie Rock's shoulder-more budgets, more troubles. 4-9 , Q, .5 , 2 5 Z v Q' 'S77 Wi :1 1 2 fi 3 6 L 2 3 1 W 5 r 2 it a Back Row: Antonson, Tucker, O'Callahan, Goltz, Smith, Strieter, Trier, McGee. Ph H' K df l Second Row: Steiner, McChesney, Stickney, Erickson, Welch, Huffman, Brown, Cole. Y is mmm' Z I or First Row: Johnson, McGowan, Eyler, Kremer, Orr, Dyste, Waite. Gopher Editorial "Where the folks all meet" Right: "Can we print this?" asks Kay Orr, and PK answers, "Sure, we print anything." .lean Waite, photography editor, thinks the idea is peachy, too. ln the corner picture, Marie Eyler, copy editor, looks grim and her staff looks determined as she prepares the newest assignments. Below: Pat McGowan, otliice manager, and Betty Johnson, senior pictures editor, gives a new staff member the works. "Gotta get the work done and you are just the girl to do it." l 251 Back Row: Jackson, Jenson, Kochsiek, Neale, Cohn. ' ' ' Second Row: Schmitz, Harries, Andrews, Burley. Marlene Benson' busmzss manager First Row: Haxby, Bricker, Benson, Ringstrom, West. Gopher Bu iness Upper left: Carol Ringston, assistant Business manager, and Sally Rumble check over the budget-just for laughs. Lower left: The job ot sending out statements was always nasty-never made a diplomat out of anyone. Below: The business otfice with its typical carefree appearance - Barb West, in charge of organizations, takes time oft 'For the well-lcnown "soft drink," while Sherman Cohn, "our staff," and Julie Neale carry on the search tor contracts. The ever-present job of taking balance payments-Carol collects The usual mess but they did get things clone it says here Willie 'From one of the military. Holden looks over an art job photographer Scott Tyler looks over Ye Yearbook In Production Upper right: Photographers par excellence Jim Rustad and Johnny McGee explain things about shutters to each other: while, lower right, Peg Maplesclen, Kay Sticlrney, ancl Phyl Shannon take care of the job that no one wants, checking proof. Below: .loan Dyste ancl her art staff put the sketches clown on paper while Carol Cole squares otf a senior panel. Back Row: Odegard, Goodrich, Gould, McFarland, McCarthy, Singer, Kloss, Munger. Third Row: Berg, Tomasek, Mack, Riedesel, Edwardson, Wurst, Seidel, Auerbacher. Second Row: Maplesden, Cornwell, Gilles, McGinn, Orr, McNary, Roble, Holman. First Row: Chadwick, Lerner, Dapper, Juster, Benson, Cole, Searing, Sohle. innesota Dail Editorial L... Marge Twedl: Benson, ediltor. Leflzz Managing Ediior Ruby .luster hands out assignments io the slaving reporters while lbclowl Mary Cole in l:he slol gives Gerry Sohle the "count" on a difficult headline, 1' 13LE,5l'2iwf.'iif7 5' ' zwrlv .p , W5 1? ,T ,jr J 7 67 'V , Q , f ,J yy 43,515 ,A r. 4 J gy A wif E. , . 4,.,q.,.., fic., f?11f'f" 'W if" , ,ye ..7m:Q5.,:,iIiv-.11-.r. ,f-, rf :, 4 Back Row: Bank, Mather, Dickson, Limond, Holmes, Dreher, Holden. Second Row: Johnson, Shirey, Gorman, Berdan, Roberts, Hawley, Heath. First Row: Shaughnessey, Bonnell, Cornbacker, Carlson, Flynn, Erickson, Nixon. innesota Dail Bu iness Lower right: The business staff looks over the ad situation -of course, Wally Carpenter and Wally Erickson might just be trying to get a date. Below: Alice Combacker, office manager, looks gleeful as she thinks up more work for the general duty staff. 'Na QQ 1 SIE Bob Carlson, business manager. The Latest News - Late Above: Chuck Swenningsen bats out a theme on an office typewriter, and lbelowl one of the many par- ties the janitor objected to. 256 Above: Doris Liebenberg and Wally Erickson figure out how much space is left for the editorial staff: and Women's Editor Gloria Dapper shows one of her reporters the latest in campus gossip. Below: Gerry Sohle, sports editor leans through from Juster's office to correct a slight error. Every morning the same old thing-nasty comments on the run sheet, but Barb Olmsted loolrs happy with her assignment. An editor's dream -every typewriter in use and every staff member in earnest. Wally loolrs bored with the whole thing 'as Bob Carlson points out a grim figure in the budget to Al Dreher. i 9-1 In I ,J . I X 257 .. but never a dull moment The sports staff actually reading their own stuff. Left to right: Gerry Sohle, Chuck Swenningsen, Bernie Singer, and Harry MacCarthy. M J Tr ' ' 'P Yu V f 7 ' ' ' K ,. . ' g., . SKI-U- AH These were the ediiors of the magazines that drew fan-mail from the South Seas. Mary Jeanne Schafer and Lorraine Cooney reading the galleys of another brain-child. Back Row: Holden, Rcshkow, Glorvig, Klcss, Tewes. Second Row: Foster, McEnary, Quigley, Clareson. First Row: Maplesden, Dapper, Schafer, Cooney, Burt. Back Row: Bock, Ryan, Mackley, Swensen, Roach, Souther, Lathrop. Second Row: Erickson, Stevens, Hanson, Hartnett, Blomgren, Keely. First Row: Knebel, Haried, Carufel, Drom- merhausen, Hagen, Taylor, Melstrand. Ruth Drommerhausen, business manager, and Eleinore Hagen, circulation manager read the jokes and 'chinlr of the profit. 258 r- ff Meg , Technolog statf-back row: Bennett, Palmstein, Schmitt, Davis, Ingeman, Vachon. Second row: Schwanz, Teigen, Helland, Halper, Busch, Odegard. First row: Gordon, Amann, Engdahl, Andrews, Brenner, Giantvalley. Right: An obviously posed picture-the Technolog staff--or any publications staff could never have worked that hard, Dick Engdahl, business manager, and Harry Brenner, spring quarter editor, bend in- dustriously over their desks as the rest of the staff tries to look busy, too. Below: Marie Vachon, Dick Engdahl, and Harry Brenner-Harry is using the phone which took quite a beating this year, being the only one in the office. fl 9 '?jZ4fT..." Q 1 lt!!! 1596 E l iifiii f fi V 2-:asm anmnnuu RCDTC Dances Em' Nancy Briscoe holds the coveted cup - Navy Queen mony-she dips the ring in water from the seven seas before putting it on her escort's finger. Among the few formals given by University organizations this year, the navy dances were big events. So why should anyone be this grim? At the winter dance - seems 'ro be a floor show going on somewhere. for I943-44: and fabovel ihe greai: Ring Cere- Above: And a Hne time was had by all-especially the couple in the lower corner-at the lnterfraternity informal. Below: The committee in charge. Left to right: Bob Swanstrom, Phil Sauer, Walter Carpenter, Bill Watson, and Paul Seifert. 26l Interfraternit and Interpro Dances By the bandstand at the Interpro-Bob Hewitt's orchestra "sends" the crowd. Freshman Week Marv ,wrt P Above: "The Dean Went Down" - at Freshman Camp: and lrightl Chairman Jean Danaher points out a significant event on the Week calendar. ln one of the cabins at Freshman Camp, one of theladvantages Torn Clareson sells another Slcum subscription as Pat McRoberts loolrs over an of a college education-Junior Hammett instructs In the finer old issue. art of bed-making. Freshman Week com- mittee. Standing: Ray Grismer, Wim- mie Anderson,Jeanne Vollbrecht, Ferne Cris- pin, Jean Blomquist, Mary Teberg, Betty Stuart, Janet Burley, Richard Spear, Verne Peck. Seated: Sally Sjoselius, Jean Dana- her, June Palleson. Honored Guests for a Week li U an V 4 'A J V J Lower right: Above The old sun ray" ticket treatment at the Frosh Twilight. Below Women In the War"-Campus Sisters' Tea and right going in to the tea. "Grand march" at the big Freshman dance end- ing the Week, with lrightl Ray Grismer Mcwng. Deeda Goodman and Bill Lindgren tall: with Oliver Clubbe, former American consul in China, after he discussed conditions in the Far East. Forum Board X if , ,, L- Presented spea kers on of is fo, the M.. all topics log - Lila Mae Anderson, Mary Harding, and Lt. lj.g.l Jim Smith Engineers' Da Right: Last year's chairman Miles Olson takes it easy on the mall after everything is over. Right below: a portion of the mob at the lively Brawl, and, below, Rog Williams, Dan Greenwald, and dates all loolr grim about something -on the sidelines at the Brawl. v :leQ2 -. , ol lbZ,2,r .e-Vw, Great Day for the Irish --and Engineers Right: I943 St. Pat Caroll Martenson and his queen, Laurel Anne Lein. Above: A GI usher explains the technical phases of war equipment at the War Exhibit sponsored by Twin City firms. Homeeomin This Year Government Issue Right: The Homecoming committee, left to right. Standing: Young, Hagen, Smersh, Young, R., Grismer, W., Spear. Seated: Seigal, Grismer. Below, the queen candidates line up in tront of the crowd at the Saturday dance. Record Crowds --in Spite of the Rain 266 Left: Finale-but grand-of the Varsity show, everyone singing the "Army Air Corps." Oblique left: Ray Grismer and Max Seigal, chairmen, giving their don't-anybody-else-try- it rendition of "Fraaaaanship." The SRO crowd at the Homecoming dance gather 'round to hear "Do Nothin' til You Hear From Me" as played by the only name band on campus this year, Boyd Raeburn. Bottom: Dean Lasby and Mrs. E. B. Pierce take theirs black at the Alumni tea, after the rainy game. Top: The snow came just in time for a few snowball fights-before it was all used up. Above: Jean Thomas, Phyllis Carl- son, and the committee that prayed 'Four weeks 'For snow. Oblique right: Rosemary Dawson, Donna Perkins, and Ruth Rossiter, the three Snow Girls-chosen partly for their ability to outdo the soldiers on GI exercises. Right: the Snow Romp-and then somebody had to go and light a fire and melt it all-actually looked like winter there for a while. Snow Weekend--or--What Happened to Winter? 267 L.. 4 14 Students' War Effort Coordinating Committee " Duration Organization"-- Doing a necessary job These otticers were elected in the spring of the year tor the I944-45 term: Left to right, Lila Mae Anderson, vice president: Marjorie Speer, president: Barbara King, treas- urer, and .leanne Allen, secretary. They started early to plan tor new projects next year and to consider the re- allocating of continuing jobs which had been started this year. 268 SWECC for I943-44: Back row, AI Halverson, Helen Rachie, Ed Babcock, Aileen Shannon, Jim Fischer, Paul Colesworthy. Middle row: Jean Thomas, Marjorie Speer, Louise Harris, president, Marjorie Cleland, Sally Sjoselius. Front row: Katherine Weesner, Liz Bird, Joey Dedolph. The committee kept records of the number of hours spent each week on every project under its jurisdiction-which included all phases of the campus civilian war ettort. Below is a chart show- ing a breakdown of figures for fall quarter, I943. The year's record was a good commentary on the work ot Minnesota students on vital civilian projects. Fraternities and sororities took turns sitting at tables in the Union during bond drives, and each organization could name many blood donors among its membership. WAR EFFORTS STATISTICS Hosresservc ron SEHVICEMEN 251-H BANDACE ROLLING 201.4 SOLIAL SERVICE I'lI union commrrecg FOR SERVICEMEN ENTERTAINMENT I IH aI.ooI: oonorz 51-Avian raecorxos 31,6 MILITARY CONTACTS 23 RED moss KNITTING 38 CLOTHING CONSERVATION IS SEWINC FOR SERIIICEMEN I7 sERvIcENIeIr4's wives ctuo commrrree 8 COMSTOCIX wan 5mIvIP cummrrres -J,-. TOTFIL 2283 Athletics Sports-above all-taught its participants the principles of fair play and sportsmanship. -i DIDCIDL "Remember that Camp Grant game? Never thought the line would hold-the last five minutes seemed like yearsf' "Yep, looked like old times - the Gopher teams that rolled over other lines like steam rollers, but that was when we won every game for years at a timef, Okay, so we didnit win every game this year, so what? The whole country, plus a few disgruntled sports writers who disliked the Gophers even in their winning years -everyone was watching to see whether the Minnesota team would give up after losing a few games. And those who were hoping it would were disappointed. The Gopher teams -whether football, basket- ball, swimming, or whatever - were coached by men whose keynote was "It's not the amount of men in the fight that counts, but the amount of fight in the men." N o losing team was ever given a bawl- ing out on the simple premise that they lost, but if they gave up-which happened rarely-they never heard the last of it. The spirit of fight wasn't the only principle harped on by the coaches, though, clean play and teamwork were made equally as im- portant to the men. Athletic coaches, however, were not the only in- structors at the University who realized the impor- tance of instilling these ideals into the minds of their charges. Members of the administration and the faculty did their part in turning out students whose principles were high and who knew how to get along in the world without back-stabbing or giving up when the going got tough. The men made good fighters, too, because they knew the value of working with others, of letting the other fellow carry the ball when necessary, and of not taking all the glory that was handed out. They learned to think and act quickly and to do the thing to which they were assigned without trying to grab the job that had grandstand appeal. All of these things were necessary in the training of the student, were essential to him in his prepara- tion for participation in the world outside of this closed community of the University. These prin- ciples were important in his own private search for truth, in his understanding of the people he was to work with and the positions which he was to fill. The University not only educated its students, it trained them for citizenship in a world that would need understanding. 9933 thletics I ll-ln-null! '- Illlllllllll llllllllllllk -K 1--I lllllllllllll! 'll lllllllllllllllln Qllllllll ,Mull g 9 cz' ' . i, NX "Athletics at Minnesota have always been known for their fairness, and the men who take part in them for their sportsmanship. Whether Minnesota teams win or lose, no one is disappointed unless they quit fighting." GEORGE HAUSER Head coach, Minnesota Gophers Athletic Administration Entering the second year of a stepped up war-time program, Cooke hall managed to speed up the tem- po of activities even more than in 1943-and with a more limited staff. In addition to the regular ath- letics program and the physical training setup for the armed forces on the campus, the University opened an extensive physical education plan for all freshman men. The job of handling and coordinating all of these programs fell to steady, dependable Lou Keller, athletic director. Despite the many diflicul- ties which beset him in the course of the year, Mr. Keller did a superb job, meriting the plaudits ac- corded to him by an enthusiastic staff. During the last two years college football was the center of a steadily increasing storm. As schools were left crippled by the departure of one grid star after another, many felt that it was useless to con- tinue the football program throughout the war. Some men held out against this idea, however, and chief among this group was Dr. George Hauser, head of Minnesota gridiron fortunes. Dr. Hauser fought Qand won? to continue the regular competition schedule on as near a peacetime basis as possible. Now in his second year as Gopher coach and succes- sor to the great Grey Fox, the genial Minnesota coach brought his men through a fairly good year, in spite of a steady stream of losses and injuries that took toll of Minnesota chances. Dr. Hauser had several good men to assist him in carrying out his program last fall, led by tireless and faithful "Redv Dawson, assistant coach. Also in the gridiron retinue of 19413 were J im Kelly, Milt Broun, Ensign Frank Patrick, and CPO Scafide. All these men contributed to the season of the Golden Go- 272 phers, a season which would have been outstanding in any year-if only for the fight shown by the members of the team. With the advent of hundreds of new students to the campus through the military program, another problem presented itself to the administration. The men were going to want some form of intramural sport program, and the terrific job of organizing it was up to tireless, resourceful W. R. Smith, head of all intramural sports. Tackling the task at the very beginning of the fall quarter, Mr. Smith liter- ally worked night and day throughout most of the year to set up a huge structure of intramural mili- tary and civilian leagues, and arrange competition between the numerous teams. Mr. Smith carried off the job with his characteristic cheerfulness, and even managed to find time to head another Gopher golf team, besides carrying out dozens of additional little jobs that would have taxed the patience and ability of any other man beyond the extreme. Marshall Ryman, handling the ticket sales this year as successor to Les Schroeder, tried and suc- ceeded to a surprising degree to be in twenty or thirty places at once. Ryman was the man behind the scenes on every athletic program, handling the difficult problem of finances. Dr. Carl Nordly was another man up against a herculean task this year. His problem was to pull a basketball team literally out of thin air, for all of his veterans had gone long before the season got under way. But Dr. Nordly buckled in right from the first minute in the fall, and produced a fight- ing-if not always victorious-Gopher quintet. Jim Kelly, genial, white-haired track coach, had his woes last spring. Like all Gopher coaches, he was faced with an acute manpower shortage on the cin- der squad, and not much to counteract it. But Kelly came through and turned out a fine fighting team of Gophers, which caused plenty of woe for their opponents. Starting almost from scratch, Kelly had to piece his squad together from the navy and what few civilians were available, and at one time didn't have even enough men to open competition. The marvel was not that his team came through so well, but that there was a team at all. Larry Armstrong was happy when he closed his pucksters' season this year, and he had good reason to be. Facing off against plenty of strong teams in the course of their schedule, the Gophers came through time and again to win against superior ex- perience and numbers. Larry would have dodged the credit for his fine team if he could, saying that it was all the work of the boys, but it was just another case of a great Gopher coach turning out a good team against great odds. And the fact that Minnesota had a strong wres- tling team in 194145 is largely due to the efforts of one Stan Hanson. Returning to Cooke Hall after several years of absence, Hanson bucked time and lack of equipment to produce a fighting team that hooked a third place in Big Ten standings. Hanson was around for all of the work and none of the glory this year, for he left the staff just after his teamis last meet to enter the navy. It was often hard to find tank coach Nels Thorpe down among his Gopher swimmers in the Cooke Hall pool, for Thorpe easily could have been mistaken for a member of one of his own teams rather than the coach. Constantly on the move, the lively little black-haired man covered about four miles during every practice and never seemed to tire out. Tire- less, too, were his eHorts to produce a winning squad, and those efforts paid off in meets. Thorpe in- spired a confidence and will to win in his men that drove them on to the top, this year, it drove them into fourth place of the Big Ten conference. Number One man on the Minnesota tennis courts was Phil Brain, who doubled behind a camera dur- ing the Gopher football season. Like Marsh Ryman, Brain was born to be twins, and tried to be in at least two places at once to fulfill his many jobs at Cooke Hall. He did right well at it, too. Body-builder Ralph Piper found little time to re- lax this year, for organizing his gym team and keep- ing up his duties as physical education instructor took up most of the time of this Gopher coach. Constantly on the go, Piper was a familiar Hgure to the army and navy trainees that thronged Cooke Hall at all hours of the day. 3, Z f M r I V I llpr' ' Football The pre-season dope on the 1943 Golden Gophers was a mass of conflicting predictions. In the spring, hopes were high as Minnesota's grid roster was studded with such great names as Daley, Frickey, Hein, Mitchell, and a new list of promising young stars. Then the axe fell. Navy and marine transfer orders moved out no less than 17 football men to other college training bases, and Minnesota was left almost completely stripped of experienced grid- iron talent Coach George Hauser opened the season with a nucleus of only three battle-tested men to build a football team around-Bill Garnaas, quarterback, Paul Mitchell, tackle, and Ed Lechner, guard- and only one of these remained with the squad through the entire season. Early fall brought a good turnout of hopefuls at Cooke Hall, and in the first practice sessions a num- ber of men appeared to have possibilities. Among the promising freshmen were Vern Gagne, end, and Bill Peterson, quarterback. Besides this, a few navy men appeared as definite assets to the Gopher squad, including Stu Scheer from Indiana, Hoyt Moncrief of Tulane, and Howie Langpap of Minne- sota. Then two more valuable gridmen showed up when Wayne CRedl Williams and Bob Graiziger were discharged from the marines and came back home to the campus. But the 1943 Gopher schedule was a tough one, and even with this talent, the usually optimistic Dr. Hauser could not see more than three or four victories at the most for Minnesota. The season opened September 25 in Memorial stadium against a small and light Missouri squad. It was a good football day, with a clear sky and warm temperatures. This was the fans' first chance to see what their new outfit could do, and they turned out in force, almost filling the stands. The Gophers tallied four times throughout the contest, and although Missouri managed to roll over two touchdowns, the issue was never in doubt from the first gun. The final score, Q5-13, made a nice start for a not-too-nice season. After the game, the team held a jubilant celebration in the locker rooms, congratulating each other on their work. "We can 273 stand more workf' remarked big Ed ner, "but we got off to a ni ' t." The Mis ' o s had praise for the .4 Pins too. "That i hell is really a honey o f V- . , and Garnaaf 1 one of the sweetest quarteihs . ' -- er saw," gnc com- ment of Missouri's 3 me 'nyf Ekern. X ev Nebraska The following weekend e ophers came up against a freshman team from ebraska. For four quarters Minnesota ran wild to pile up a score of 54-0. Although the Egures looked bad for the Ne- braska outit, they were a game team who ran into superior weight and numbers, for although Gopher substitutions ran into the third team, Nebraska played almost the entire match with her varsity men. That was the first showing of the Minnesota reserves and a good chance to sound the depth of the strength behind the Gopher first line. New names headlined sports pages the next day, as fresh- man backs Dick Heeb and Loren Palmer got in their first good licks in Gopher tilts. Minnesota optimism was high as a result of this contest, and also because of the return of tackle Bill Aldworth just before the game. Bill had stayed out at his father's ranch in Montana during early practice debating whether or not he should go out for football this year. He thought the draft would catch up with him too soon to make football worth while. But while listening to the Missouri game on the radio, he decided before it was over that he had to get back and get in a few socks himself. 4? XV gin! If Camp Grant At this time, however, the Gophers had run into no serious competition. But the next week, crowds saw a football game they have been discussing ever since. Saturday afternoon, October 16, the highly touted Camp Grant Warriors came north to meet 274 the Minnesotans. The Warriors were not a team to be taken lightly for their ranks were loaded with both professional and college talent now in the army. That was the nationis game-of-the-day, the first severe test to be put to the 1943 Golden Go- phers. Minnesota followers packed Memorial stadium to capacity that warm autumn afternoon. The Camp Grant odense hinged on a rugged little fullback, Tony Storti, who kept the Gophers constantly on their toes and time and again crashed through the Nlinnesota forward wall for a good gain. Four times the Gophers were pushed literally within the shadow of their own goal posts, and four times they held, in goal line stands that left the crowd and the radio announcers hoarse and weak. Minnesota managed to score twice throughout the entire game, while in the last quarter with only 30 seconds left to play the Warriors came within a yard of rolling up a sec- ond touchdown that could have tied the score. The game ended with the Gophers still on the long end of a 13-'7 score, but not without cost. Until the Camp Grant game the Minnesota squad had been remarkably free of injuries, but they came in a rush during that game. In the first few minutes of play, veteran guard, Ed Lechner, was thrown out of action for the entire season by a bad knee injury, and a few moments later Bill Garnaas, the peppery field general who had sparked the Gophers through three seasons as a topflight quarterback, had to be carried from the field, knocked cold. Bill never fully recovered from his injury the rest of the time he played for Minnesota. The Gopher lockers were one mad turmoil follow- ing the Camp Grant game. Players went wild and pounded each other black and blue, for they had come through their first gruelling test. Out of the clamor following the victory one name was yelled the loudest and most often-Paul Mitchell. The big Gopher tackle was the deciding factor of the whole game, stopping the Warrior charges time and again almost single handed. Credit for ground-gaining went to Hoyt Moncrief and Red Williams. In all, the Gophers used only 15 men in the entire game. However, of the small reserve group that saw ac- tion, Bill Peterson, Garnaas, relief man, was the hero. With absolutely no college experience prior to this season, e did a fine job of cal ' n 1 the Gophers t won victory o '1 r to - . A 1 , QL ,,- it I y nh Ml I I Michigan The following Saturday was a vacancy in the Go- phers' schedule, to be followed by the Michigan game at Ann Arbor on October 23. During the two- week practice a noticeable letdown and an apparent lack of effort appeared in the Gophers' work. The period between the two games was too long for team enthusiasm to remain at a high pitch. Some of their confidence was gone, too, partly due to the sudden loss of two leading players and partly to the lauding of the Michigan "wonder teamv which included none other than former Gopher Battlin' Bill Daley himself. Few Minnesota fans made the trip to Ann Arbor to watch the Gopher-Wolverine struggle, but those who did shivered through the worst defeat in Min- nesota's history as Fritz Crisler,s men romped into the promised land again and again to pile up a 419-6 score. The Gophers, caught with their guard down by the flashy Michigander attack, were unable to stop the powerful charges of their old teammate Daley and his cohorts Paul White and Elroy Hirsch. However, despite this terrific shellacking, several new names appeared on Minnesota sports pages. Halfback Tommy Cates, from Cretin high, showed up as a good plunging back, and navy trainee Howie Langpap plugged the hole left in the Gopher line by I.echner's injury. Once more Paul Mitchell received the plaudits of the sports world, despite his team's defeat, for his outstanding tackle work. The next week's practice was a grim one, for the Gophers had another tough opponent to face on October 30, when they went to Evanston for the Northwestern game. However, the Monday follow- ing the Michigan game Dr. Hauser's plans received another serious setback as varsity end Stu Scheer, navy trainee from Indiana, was ordered to sea duty. That blasted a hole in the Gopher forward wall which was not so easy to fill for the Gopher coach found himself with almost no outstanding reserve ends. In a hasty shakeup, varsity tackle Mike Rap- ko of Chisholm, was shifted to end while Bill Ald- worth, second-string tackle, moved up to fill Rap- k0's post. Thus the Gophers, crippled by an injury jinx that was to ride their shoulders throughout the rest of the season and with their ranks depleted by the departure of Scheer and several other reserves, made the trip to Evanston. Prior to the game, the squad had resolved that there would be no repeat performance of the pre- vious Week's stinging defeat, but for the second con- secutive time, they were ground down by a force of superior strength and experience to End themselves on the short end of a 42-'7 score. This was made a more bitter dose by the fact that two of the Wild- cat regulars were former lVIinnesota men who would have been on the Gopher squad this year but for their transfer -Herb Hein and Herman Frickey. That was the last game for another great Gopher back, Bill Garnaas. Bill received his orders to trans- fer to Wellesley college where he would finish his training as a commissioned officer in the navy. In- jured in the Camp Grant game, Bill did not have a chance to see full time service in either the Michi- gan or Northwestern battles, but alternated with his successor, Bill Peterson. As he said goodbye to his teammates, Garnaas remarked wistfully that he wished he could have made his last game a winner. Purdue The following week brought the Gophers up against a tough Purdue team on the Minnesota Homecoming. It was a far cry from Homecoming celebrations of other years, when decorations cov- ered fraternity and sorority houses and a big bon- fire was held the night before the game. This year the only ornaments on fraternity row were neat little signs designating "Quarters B" or "Quarters G" USNROTC. The few alumni that did return for the game found themselves in a strange and military atmosphere. Nevertheless, a good crowd filled Memorial stadi- um the afternoon of November 6 to witness one of the outstanding games of the year. Both teams had suffered losses during the course of the season, the Gophers losing three front-line men, while Purdue had a serious setback in the loss of their triple-threat back Tony Butkovitch who had piled up the big- gest scoring record of the year. Butkovitch and Hve other Boilermakers had been transferred to another campus in one of the many shakeups that character- ized the whole season. In addition to this, many of the Purdue squad had been home on furlough for almost the whole week preceding the Minnesota game and so missed regular practice. Boilermaker coach Elmer Burnham was singing a sad tune when he arrived in Minneapolis on the eve of the game. Despite their losses, the Purdue outfit was still a formidable team. The Gophers, too, were keyed to a fever pitch preceding the game, determined to make up for the last two wallopings they had taken. All indications pointed to a terrihc game that after- noon. And it was a terrific game. lNIinnesota drew Hrst blood, scoring in the first quarter. The undaunted Boilermakers came right back and at the half the score was tied up, 7-7. During the third quarter, 275 both teams battled back and forth with almost equal possession of the ball, each getting one whack deep in enemy territory, without being able to push the pigskin into pay dirt. The weather, which had been bad all day, a freezing mixture of sleet and rain, got even worse as the contest went into the final quarter. The referee found it necessary to sub- stitute new footballs every few minutes as they be- came too slippery to handle. As the fourth quarter slowly came to its final seconds, the crowd began to move towards the stadium doors, sure that the game would end in a 7-7 tie. Then, with less than a minute to play, the Gophers were down on their own Q0-yard line. Peterson was back to punt. Wiry freshman center Bob Lossie, who had been playing 60-minute games all season, snapped back the ball-and Peterson fumbled the soggy pigskin. Making a desperate ef- fort to retrieve it and get his punt OH, he was foiled by the alert Boilermakers who climbed all over him and got possession of the ball on the Gopher 18-yard line. Boilermaker back Boris Dimancheff broke away in the clear to the Gopher goal strip and pulled down a beautiful toss from Sam Vacanti, to put the Purdue boys out in front, 13-'7. Managing to score the extra point, they sewed the ball game up, with only enough time remaining for three desperate Go- pher attempts to score before the final gun. It was a sad story for the Gopher homecoming, but it had its bright spots. The Gophers, rated an inferior team by all the dopesters, had managed to hold Purdue, one of the top teams, to a tie until those fatal last seconds. Outstanding men of the afternoon were Hoyt Moncrief, who played nearly the whole game after his relief man, Brick Waldron, suffered a broken leg, center Bob Lossie, whose work was outstanding all season, halfbacks Chuck Avery and Red Williams, and, as usual, Paul Mitchell, the fighting leader of the Gophers. EI' YI Wal Iowa The following Saturday, November 13, the Iowa Hawkeyes came north to meet Minnesota. The Hawkeyes had had tough luck so far in the season, with a record of six losses, but they were determined to finish up their year with a couple of wins. Minne- 276 sota was to be the first one, but things didn't work out that way. The Gophers, stung three times in a row, had also decided to patch up the record-and that's just what they did. Although Madigan's scrappy little Hawkeyes pushed over two touch- downs, the Gopher offense clicked and clicked again to roll up a total of five tallies, ending the game 33-13. Iowa had built her attack around an aerial all-out centering on quarterback Roger Stephens, but the men from Minnesota were ready and wait- ing and stopped the passes cold. Out of six passes attempted, only one was completed for any amount of territory gained. Red Williams was the man of the hour that day, scoring four of the live tallies all by himself and picking up a total of 1113 yards in 19 tries. Chuck Avery also picked up considerable ground for him- self, but was never able to score. Time and time again his teammates gave the ball to Chuck on the wide end sweep that only Avery could make click, but he never quite got to clear ground. After the game, Chuck grinned, "It doesn,t make any differ- ence to me who scores, as long as he's on our sidef, The Iowa battle resulted in the first Gopher Big Ten victory of the year, and put Minnesota back in the running, although in a minor position. Also it did a great deal to restore Gopher morale, both on the team and among the fans, for the game proved that Minnesota was still a threat to any opposition that might come along. However, the injury toll still mounted. With substitute Brick Waldron out of the running for the rest of the season after the Purdue tussle, several more injuries cropped up in the squad, although none of them were major ones. However, the Gophers were slowly being worn down by a process of elimination. .Q N e 53' ' , X'l1 Wisconsin On November 20, Minnesota ofHcially closed her Big Ten season by battering an inspired Wisconsin eleven down, 25-13. The Badgers were another hard- luck outfit, having a very tough schedule and stripped to the bone of all experienced talent by the war. They had come through a sad season of de- feats, like Iowa, and were hoping to come back in the last round, as Iowa had hoped. But their luck ran out too, and the Gophers took them without too much trouble. Prior to the game there was just a trace of overconfidence in the Gopher camp, and it showed up when they took to the field. Stuhldreher's game little Badgers fought their way to pay dirt twice during the course of the game. The Wisconsin boys were an underrated outfit, and although they were mostly freshmen, they played a tough, fast game against a superior opponent. O 0 L 'N Nfl 41. Seahawks Minnesota, down to her last hole card, was obvi- ously no match for the wonder team from Iowa. Dopesters didn't give the Gophers a chance in this game, for at that time the Seahawks were rated sec- ond only to Notre Dame in the nation-and the next week the navy men proved themselves superior to all by nosing out the Irish. The Gophers drilled steadily all week, working on a pass defense and ringing in a few new plays. Their only chance rested on the reserves, who would be called up for this battle to fill the holes left by the injuries of regular men. It was a contest of sheer guts and lack of ex- perience against a powerful outfit with every card in the deck and plenty of talent. From the first gun on, it was the preflighters, ball game, with Minnesota getting only an occasional chance. Nevertheless, the Gophers made the most of their opportunities and at the half, the Seahawks, for all their power, had only managed a six point lead. The navy attack got loose in the second half, however, and the game ended as the Gophers were held scoreless for the first time in the year, 32-0. Credit went to the Seahawks for a far superior team. Minnesota had not expected to win. That ended the whole season with a record of five victories and four defeats. "On the whole, I am pretty well satisfied with the year,', remarked Dr. Hauser. "We were pretty inexperienced and still we came through with more than we expected, taking at least one tough team QCamp Grantj that we hadnit bargained on. A lot of the boys got a chance to play a little college ball before they left for the service, and I think we had a lot of fun, despite the losses. In regard to the injuries, we had a tough time of it, but thatis one of the breaks of the game." li' ' A,-y Tl rs I , I 4351, Q Hockey--a Cold Sport for a Warm Winter Unique among Gopher sports this year, the Hockey season looked fairly good right from the start. Although ice mentor Larry Armstrong had very little experienced talent to depend on, the in- flux of high school stars was great enough to offset the lack of veterans. To spearhead his offense, Arm- strong had Wings Johnny Behrendt and John Adams, with Bob Graiziger and Bob Carley holding down the defense spots. Dick Nordby filled in at center and freshman sensation Harry Bratnober landed in the nets to round out the Gopher six. Underdogs in their first contests of the year, a se- ries with St. James, the pucksters racked up two victories, much to the surprise of the predictors. Following up their initial victories, the Gophers cracked a hard-skating, powerful sextet from Port Arthur for two more wins, 9-4 and 3-Q. Goalie Lou Kalin went out of the Gopher lineup for the year after the first of the series, having suffered a broken jaw, and Harry Bratnober was left to stand alone in the nets against whatever might come his way. The next week the Gophers faced a semi-profes- sional group of stars from Minneapolis Honeywell, and the weight of experience was too much for them. The Honeywells came out on top with a 6-41 score. Fort Snelling added to the sting of the weekend by administering another defeat, 2-1, the following eve- ning. Going North on the only trip of the year, the Gophers broke even in a two game series with Win- nipeg, taking one and losing one. Then Larry Arm- strong's men added another feather to the Minne- sota cap by tripping the highly touted Wold Chamberlain sextet, 7-Q. The Gophers closed their season on February 18, knocking oi the Fort Snell- ing team in the second game of the series by a 44-1 score, and in a squad dinner after the season's end, Al Opsahl and Bob Carley were chosen to head the Gopher sextet next year. 277 X Qx g35v,y.v.-01,74 -wx-wi" sxxf. - I Q3 111 , .059 U . Basketball Dr. Carl Nordly's 1943-44 Gopher cagers came in like a lion last December 4, smashing a second-rate St. Mary's quintet, 54-32, but the Minnesotans closed a very subdued lamb-on March 4, with a dismal record of nine wins out of 21 contests. Of the 13 Big Ten clashes featuring the Gophers, only four resulted in bacon for the Minnesota boys. Following up their victorious tussle with St. Mary's, the Gophers walloped a sad South Dakota five, 59-31, but the funeral march started on De- cember 11, when they submitted to the tender mer- cies of the vaunted Iowa Seahawks. Running true to form, the Preflighters tripped Minnesota, 54-34 in a fast contest. Although topped by 20 points, the Gophers were learning fast by this time and already rangy center Bill Wright was climbing into the lead of Gopher scoring, a spot he managed to hold con- sistently all season. Two days later the Gophers recouped their loss to take their first Big Ten game of the year from Nebraska, 40-21. This morale shot-in-the-arm proved beneficial and profitable, for on December 18 the Golden Gopher reared up on his hind legs again to roll over Iowa State in a very fast and close game, 31-28. That was the last fall season victory, as on December 20 the Great Lakes sailors appeared on the scene to pick up a 59-32 win at the expense of Nordly's men. The Gophers opened their winter season on Janu- ary 7, meeting a tough, tall, and terrific Iowa outit which was supposed to be far their superior. For all but five minutes of the game the Gophers fooled the dopesters by running the Hawkeye wonder boys, under the leadership of Dave Danner, a rough and ready race. But with seconds to play, Iowa climbed to a 2-point lead and stretched it by a free throw to grab a perilous win, 37-34. Following it up the next night, Iowa took another one, 37-29. But the Go- phers were proving themselves a threat not to be 278 taken lightly, and had produced two bucket-happy forwards, Bill Wright and Kenny Johnson. Arnie CButzj Lehrman was also in the high-man group, distinguishing himself in the Hawkeye contests by racking up 19 points, despite having just recovered from a bad attack of flu. Rollie DeIiapp was be- ginning to click steadily in those games, and looked like he might make a very hot forward in the near future. Rollie's chances were nipped in the bud, though, when he had to leave the Gophers on Febru- ary 2 for another training base. Dropping the next two tilts to Purdue on January 14 and 15, the Gophers bounced back again on the 22nd, rolling over Nebraska for the second time, 45-32. Then came a long dry spell for the Minnesotans, as they fell to Wisconsin, Northwestern and Camp Grant in three duels that left them on nearly the bottom of the Big Ten heap. Nordly rallied his forces the night of February 18, in a supreme effort to come out of the cellar by tripping the Hoosiers, and the battered Golden Gopher team came through in a thriller which ended 48-47, the winning points being tossed in by Gene Kelly with only eight sec- onds to play in the second half. The next night In- diana came back in another storybook inish to top the Gophers by the same score, 48-47. Bill Wright was away out in the lead of the Go- pher scoring by this time, with the mighty Lehrman riding herd on him in second spot. Rollie DeLapp was gone, but lVIatt Sutton had showed up in the fair-haired boy department, and Pat Geraghty was campaigning for his little niche in the 1944 hall of fame. Dropping a sluggish and dismal contest to Wis- consin, 50-33, the Gophers closed the credit side of the ledger for the season on February 26, when they tripped up an all-Irish team from Chicago, 50-32. But the debit figures were far from totaled yet. On the following Monday, Great Lakes met Minnesota again, to give them what might well have been the worst shellacking in Gopher history, 73-43. Illinois added the crowning touch by tripping the Gophers twice in a two-game series, and it was all over for another year. Despite the dismal story told by the figures, the Gophers did not have an extremely bad season, for they always managed to threaten an opponent seri- ously, and often found themselves in the lead at halftime. However, the fortunes of war and an ill- ness bugaboo that hung over the Minnesota quintet all season were too much to be combated by the sheer guts, determination to win, and loyalty that characterized the 1944 Gopher basketball team. M f .fig "sf-gfx I I Swimming Coach Nels Thorpe didnit have a very happy outlook on life when he opened his tank squad's practice for the year. Like all the Gopher sports, swimming was hit hard by the loss of outgoing men with few prospects coming up to replace them. Thorpe had three veterans to spearhead his season strategy, Ed Robb, Sam Solhaug, and Jim Frazier. In addition to these former Gopher lettermen, he had some workable material in Roland Thomsen, Dick Evans, Fred Riegel, and diver Vern Ruotsa- lainen. The opening meet of the season brought a star- studded squad from Lawrence College up to Minne- sota on January 9. Most of the Lawrence boys were V-12 men with plenty of tank experience, but the Gophers fooled everybody-including themselves -by romping to a 57-26 win. Dick Evans of the freshmen hopefuls led the Gopher scoring by walk- ing off with three events. A bugaboo hit the Gopher squad just before its next competition, Wisconsin, as star freestyler Don Fraser fell out of the lineup with a bad cold. The Gophers held down the short score all through that meet until Sam Solhaug came through with a story- book finish in the 400 yd. medley relay, pulling from way behind to cinch the event and the meet for his team. The Gopher tankers had a breather after that meet, having no more scheduled competition until February 12 when they would go to Iowa City to tackle the Hawkeyes. Thorpe made the most of his opportunity and used the time to the best advan- tage of the squad, whipping them into perfect shape. At the last minute, however, Thorpe himself became ill and was not at all sure that he could make the trip. He rallied the day of the squad's departure, however, and followed them down on the next train to watch them hang up their third straight win as they tripped the Iowans, 45-38. The Gophers had the meet in the bag from the Hrst event on, dropping only two possible tallies in the Hnal minutes of the meet. Then the squad re- turned home to begin their hottest practice of the year in preparation for the Big Ten meet at North- western on February 19. The swimmers went to it with a vengeance, and Thorpe found it necessary to slack off workouts halfway through the practice period. So great was the enthusiasm of the squad to take that one that they worked themselves almost stale in their effort to reach top competition shape. Despite the gallant efforts of the Gopher tankers in that meet, they faced too much superior experi- ence and returned home dejectedly, holding down third place instead of their coveted championship. Rifle The regular Minnesota rifle team went out with the coming of the military units to the Gopher cam- pus this year, when Colonel King issued an order that the armory, usual practice place of the sharp- shooters, was to be used exclusively by and for the military personnel stationed at the University. Thus, without a place in which to practice, and with no ammunition available due to the severe shortages familiar to any Sportsman this year, the Gopher rifle team went into a state of temporary disbandment for the duration of the war. However, with the disappearance of the civilian squad Qwhich is usually made up from the ROTC units on the campusj several new teams made their appearance, in the early spring of 1944. First to get organized was the naval ROTC squad, taken from trainees in the program on campus, and under the direction of Lieutenant Hasbrook. The navy squad planned to arrange a regular competition schedule with the various other NROT C units located at col- leges across the country, and to work on a basis of contest very similar to the old civilian squad setup. The army was not long in following up, and soon afterwards announced their tryouts for the squad, setting up a regular practice schedule for their fusi- leers. The old Minnesota rifle teams, under the direc- tion of Staff Sergeant Siebold, gave the two new groups a very distant and tough bullseye to shoot at in the way of records, having hung up a very ine record in their long history of competition. ' 279 ru' -F9 V 9,7 l x o Wrestling With only two men returning from last yearls squad and minus a coach, Gopher wrestling looked to be the orphan sport of the winter season during the first few weeks of practice. Cooke hall demurred at even organizing a formal squad for a time, but finally managed to procure the talents of alumnus Stan Hanson to head the grunt-'ni-groaners. Stan soon rounded up a 27 man team and worked out regularly in the Stadium north tower. Hanson built his squad around two veteran grap- plers, heavyweight Bill Aldworth and 128-pounder Nick Karalis. Sending out a hurry call for men in the Hrst days of winter quarter, he uncovered some very hot talent in freshman gridder Vern Gagne. Also adding to the power of the matmen was 155- pounder Wayne Brock, one of Hansonis grapplers when he coached at St. Louis Park. Roddy Lister and Ivan DoseH completed the talent list, and the mat squad began to shape into a green but danger- ous outfit. Hanson got his first chance at conference compe- tition on January 29, when the Wisconsin matmen came north to the Gopher campus in the Hrst of a two-meet series. The Minnesota grapplers came through beautifully, chalking up a 19-11 win over what was judged to be a fairly strong Badger squad. Next the Gophers bucked the big men of the Big Ten, facing off against the Michigan matmen on February 3, down at Ann Arbor. The young Gopher squad was stopped nearly cold by this assemblage of stars in a 25-3 massacre. However, when the scores came in, a point was scored for Minnesota prestige in that only two of the victories were by falls. Fresh- man sensation Gagne brought home the only strip of bacon that trip, defeating a Big Ten champ by decision, 3-1. The second of the Wisconsin series came off at Madison on February 12, and the Gophers repeated their earlier performance by rolling up another 19-11 win. Then Hanson and his men settled down to some heavy work for the big event of the season, the Big Ten meet at Northwestern on January 29. The Go- pher coach threw his school into the headlines at 280 that meet when the matmen finished third in the competition, against some very tough opposition, and wonderman Gagne pulled down the Big Ten championship in the 175 lb. division. Gym Upon completing his short and very sweet season on March 4, gym coach Ralph Piper was able to turn to the skeptics that -predicted the dropping of gym from the Gopher curricula this year, and give them a triumphant "I told you sof, Scheduling only two meets for the year, Piper led his gymnasts to two resounding victories over the prellight men from IOWa, 469-297W and 442-361. When the time rolled around to haul out the parallel bars and sidehorses in February, the out- look for a possible gym team was black. Of last year's aggregation, only one man was still around- Frank Grossman. He was largely responsible for both of the Gopher victories, rolling up 175 points all by himself in the first meet. In addition to Grossman, Piper found two hot men around Cooke hall in the persons of Arne Gil- bertson, parallel bar specialist, and Earl Mahachek, tumbling cheerleader. Combining the scoring power of these three, he had no trouble in tripping the Sea- hawks. fi Baseball Diamond mentor Dave MacMillan like all other Gopher coaches was faced with a terrific dearth of material this year. Nevertheless, by the end of March, shortly before his playing season got under way, he had collected quite a formidable outht to meet any and all comers. Sparking the 1944 Gopher N l 11-1 squad was southpaw Gene Kelly, a man with a ter- rific record on the mound with an American legion club last year, and having some previous Gopher work to his credit. Another important cog in the Minnesota machine was returning shortstop Butz Lehrman, who has already proved his worth on the diamond and had one letter to his credit. In addition to these returning lettermen, Mac- Millan found himself stocked with men from other Gopher teams when Red Williams, Norm Hanley, and Bob Graiziger of gridiron acclaim showed up to put in their bid for uniforms. Several other football men came out in March, and many of Lehrman and Kelly's basketball mates also arrived to try out for the squad. The navy turned out from the very start of the year to provide nearly half of the squad, too. Planning on opening his season April 18 in a series with Iowa, MacMillan had good reason to be op- timistic this year. Track Despite several setbacks in pre-season practice, track coach Jim Kelly felt fairly optimistic as he opened his competition schedule for the Gopher cindermen in March. After suffering the ravages of an early NROTC graduation, the Gophers managed to reform into fairly compact ranks prior to their opening meet with Northwestern. The season send- off was originally planned to be with Wisconsin, in the last part of February, but Badger track coach Tom Jones asked for a postponement of the contest until a later date to allow him to assemble his ranks from the V-12's at Wisconsin. This unexpected breather proved a godsend to Kelly and his men, giving the Gopher track coach extra time to revise his shattered roster. When the NROTC departure swept through the ranks of Kellyis men it cleaned out a good half of the squad, but there was still considerable talent left. First and foremost among the remaining Go- phers was Bruce James, stellar quarter-miler from West high. Besides James, Kelly was able to count on the services of Harry Johnson, freshman broad- jumper from Edison high, who showed a good deal of promise although he was a late arrival to the team. Bill Inglis and Bud Conley made up the hur- dles duo, and Gordy Lindeman held down the half miler spot. Then hope came from an unexpected quarter as navy orders transferred many of the Badger cinder- men to different schools, and brought star sprinter Mark Brownstein to Minnesota. Brownstein with an enviable record behind him in both college and prep school competition, proved to be a very valu- able addition to the squad in the course of the sea- son. Another windfall came to Kelly at about the same time, as Haraldur Magnusson closed another gap in the front line at the shotput spot. Magnus- son, an Icelander who came to Minnesota this year, had originally not intended to go into college com- petition just yet, but suddenly changed his mind and appeared on the cinder path shortly before the Northwestern meet. The final touch to allay Kellyis fears to quite an extent came when Arden Baumen, one of the few remaining veterans although he is only a sopho- more, finally got word that he would still be at Minnesota for most of the season. In his work on the squad last year Baumen cleared six feet in the high jump event more than once, and was just enough extra support to permit the Gopher track coach to rest easy on the eve of his season's open- ing. Thus Genial Jim Kelly managed to pull enough rabbits out of his hat to reassure flagging Minne- sota hopes on the cinder path for another year. Golf The Gopher golf squad of 1943 gave this yearis group a real target to shoot at when they hung up a fourth place in the Big Ten race, and Jim Teale, Minnesota's eagle-eye, tied for the conference championship with Ben Smith of Michigan. Open- ing their playing year in April, the 1943 group was defeated only once in the course of their matches, falling to Northwestern 11-13. They got off to a good start by taking Hamline 5-0, in a pre-season match, and then followed their initial victory up down at Northfield, rolling over Carleton, 12-6, and St. Olaf, 1135-GMQ, in two suc- cessive meets. 28I Wisconsin was the next to fall before the Minne- sotans, as W. R. Smith's men trampled the Badgers on their own home ground, 924Mg-115. Returning home, the Gophers moved triumphantly on over Golden Valley, 17M-GM, and closed the school competition of the year by defeating Carleton in a return match, 1132-3M. Then, going down to Chi- cago for the Big Ten playoH's, the Gophers hooked the fourth notch on the ladder. Bob Krogh, Jim Teale, Johnny Williams, and most of the rest of the Gopher sharpshooters of last year had left school via graduation or induction be- fore the start of the 1944 playing season, but Coach W. R. Smith found some consolation in the arrival of some new championship stuff from twin city schools. Tennis Phil Brain and his Gopher racqueteers looked for- ward to a fairly rosy season as they opened their schedule at the beginning of spring quarter this year. Planning competition with Northwestern, Chicago, Wisconsin, and Iowa State, the Minnesota tennis coach found himself with some good depend- able men from previous Gopher teams, and a com- pliment of several newcomers from twin city high schools adding to the strength of his batteries. Chief of the returning veterans was Norm MacDonald, who already had one state championship and two aquatennial crowns to his credit. Running Mac a close second was Johnny Adams, a Gopher court stalwart of other years who was able to return to school this year and to the tennis courts this spring. Johnny proved himself a valu- able man to have around in the spring of 1943, when he accounted for a considerable amount of good work under Brain. Another asset on the Go- pher ledger was Wally Anderson, who, although he was ineligible for competition with the team last year, got in plenty of work and experience in prac- tice which paid off during the season. An extra added contribution to Gopher strength was Larry Steppe, Navy ROTC boy from Montana. 282 Joining the Gophers for the first time this year, Steppe had built up a good reputation among the racqueteers of his home state before coming to Minnesota. I M Touchball Usually a big part of the University athletic pro- gram, intramural sports were expected to take a back seat in 1943-44, if they continued at all. The war had decimated the male student population to such an extent that the usual fraternity teams looked to be out of the question. However, a few days after the beginning of fall quarter, W. R. Smith, director of intramural sports, announced that the regular intramural program would open October 4. Six different sports were on the activities list, with touchball leading off. Four separate leagues were organized, the independent students on campus, professional fraternities, the army and navy medical students, and the navy elec- tricians' school. VVednesday, October 27, found Company 16 of the electricians leading that league and Psi Omega on top of the professional fraternities heap. Competi- tion within leagues continued throughout the rest of the month, and the playods began November 3, as Sigma Chi met the Fifth Monarchy squad for the professional fraternity crown. Vern Schuckhart got away from the Monarchy defense twice during the game to romp over the double stripe for two scores. The last gun sounded with the Sigma Chis victorious, 13-0. In the other game of the evening, Phi Epsilon Pi eked out a perilous 12-6 victory over the 53 AAFTTD team. Sparked by Gene Saxon's accurate passing, the Phi Epsilon squad tallied one score in the final period, but the AAFTTD boys came right back to tie up the score as Lt. Milton Beller, former Ohio State star, snagged a pass deep in Phi Ep ter- ritory and went over from the 3-yard line. The game ran into overtime before Saxon connected for the Phi Eps on another pass, and put the final score at 12-6. The intra-league playoffs began November 16, when the Phi Epsilon Pi eleven met the Emanon group at the fieldhouse. Once more the Phi Eps rode high as they stood on top, 8-0, at the end of four bitterly contested quarters. November 18, Delta Sigma Delta stopped Alpha Chi Sigma in a heartbreaker, 8-7. Leading all the way into the final minutes of play by a 7-0 score, Alpha Chi Sigma was surprised deep in their own territory by a Delt rush which ended in a tally, and shortly after, they were caught on their own goal line for a safety. Warren Snyder scored first for the Alpha Chi Sigma group and Denny I-Iogan netted the Delt touchdown on a pass from Pat Ryan. The following nightis games sent two more teams into the semi-finals as Delta Sigma Delta easily crushed Phi Beta Pi, Q6-6, in a somewhat sluggish game. The Phi Ep-Sigma Chi battle was another story. The game was a thriller from start to finish, and the end of the contest found Sigma Chi ahead, 111-13, after the game had gone into overtime. November 23, Sigma Chi took Delta Sigma Del- ta, 13-2, and then went on to meet the electricians' league champ, Company 16, in the final playoff of the leagues. Sigma Chi tallied at the end of the first half with a pass from George Geelan to the shifty Schuckhart, to lead 7-0. The navy came back in the early part of the third quarter to hit pay dirt on an aerial from John Morliin to Art Allen, tying the score at 7-7. There it stayed until the last seconds of the fourth quarter, both teams battling desper- ately through the air to lift the deadlock. Finally, with only five seconds left to play, Schuckhart tore loose again for the Sigs and crossed the goal for the Winning score. Converting the point, the Sigma Chi eleven walked off the field with the intramural title in their pockets. Intramurals I-Mi cage competition got under way with a bang at the opening of winter quarter, as league after league was organized from the navy trainees on the Gopher campus, in addition to the Professional Fra- ternities and Independent squads. Beginning their playing schedule on the second day after classes convened, the I-M squads competed almost steadily every night throughout the quarter. Upsets and re- verses characterized the whole season, and squads leaped from the cellar to high running positions time and again in only a fewqgames. Some teams, however, climbed to the top of the heap early in the season, and held their positions throughout all the competition. Squad 10, Division 1 of the Navy V-12 league, led the bluejacket race throughout much of the season, in fact they re- mained undefeated right up into the final playofs. Sparked by the accurate shooting of Marsh Cedar- strand and his mates, the Squad 10 score of vic- tories steadily rose. In the Professional Fraternities group, Psi Omega and Delta Sigma Delta shared honors throughout the season, each holding down a first place in their division. The Amigo club and the Company D Dents proved to be the hot men of the Independent league, each rolling up an undefeated record at the three-quarter mark of the playing season. Among the NROTC teams, Company F. and Company A2 split honors throughout the year. Bucking the mighty Squad 10 of the Navy division 1 league was Squad Q, an equally tough aggregation of division Q. Those were the hot quintets of the season, but not the only hard-playing ones by any means. Every night of competition on the Cooke hall hardwood saw each squad putting forth its utmost to come through, and occasionally threatening the leaders. So many teams competed that it was hard to keep track of the individual work of various players, but if a list of outstanding men of the leagues were to be compiled it would fill more space than the whole story does. However, some of the boys played a cali- ber of ball seldom seen on I-M courts, and were con- sistent high scorers for their outits all year. Tommy Cates, spearhead of the Squad 10 defense, was one of the top men of that group. Although handicapped by his height--or lack of it-Cates managed to pick many of the rebounds off the board from the larger men. Also outstanding from the Squad 10 five was Jerry Boren, forward. Averaging over 13 points per game all season, Jerry accounted for some 70fZ, of the squad's scoring all by himself. Denny Hogan of the Company D Dents was the all I-M center of the year, although Bill Peterson of the Fifth Monarchy boys ran him a close second. Hogan's height made him a dangerous opponent in any ball game, and the redhead's unerring accuracy from nearly any part of the court accounted for 283 much of the Dents, scoring. Another very hot man from the Professional Fraternities League was Gus Schimnoski, Phi Rho Sigma forward. Not an espe- cially high scorer, Gusis worth was in his ability to set up his mates for a tip-in, and to hold the quintet together throughout the season. Gus lost his chance to be in on the gravy when flu laid him up during the finals, but he still qualified as one of the men of the year. As the season moved towards its close, games be- gan to get hotter and hotter. The first big upset came when the Company D Dents knocked Fifth Monarchy off its lofty perch in a fast and rough contest. That tied up the Division Q championship between the Oaksters, Fifth Monarchy, and Dents. Then Squad 10 moved into the top spot of V-12 Division 1, and Theta Tau tripped Psi Omega A squad for the Professional Fraternities Division 1 crown. Delta Sigma Delta loomed into the field as a possible contender for the Big Title as they pushed down Alpha Chi Sigma. The following night, the whiz kids of Squad 10 cinched the V-192 title, tripping up their running mate, Squad 14. The competition was down to three teams-the mighty tenners, Phi Rho Sigma, and the Dents of Company D. The Phi Rho club found themselves unexpectedly on the Professional Fra- ternities throne when they rolled over Division 1 champs, Theta Tau, and the Dents marched across the Amigos quickly to pull down top billing in the Independent League. Phi Rho continued their triumphant parade of one title after another the next night as they an- nexed the All-Fraternity crown over the attempts of Sigma Chi, head men of the academic division. Looking around for new fields to conquer, the Phi Rhos came across the Dents the next night, and Hnally met their Waterloo as the Company D men pulled out on the top of a very close one, 19-17. Thus as the season closed March Q, the Dents led the civilian group, and Squad 10 was sitting on the Navy throne. At the close of the Kegler season for fall quar- ter, the Engineers headed all comers with a total of 21 contests won, and 12 lost. Next in line was the Agronomy team, with 20 victories to 13 losses, and in third place was Plant Pathology, with 19 wins and 144 losses. Pk ik Pk tk tk 284 Athletic Administration Aw...-X mA. The tough job of director of all University athletics was ably handled this year by Lou Keller. Under his leadership, Minnesota carried on in all the competitive sports despite a shortage of help in the department and a laclc of men for the teams. ln addition, his department coordinated a thor- ough military athletic training program. ,.:. T-Q, Again in charge of intramural and golf, cheerful W. R. Smith was Mr. Keller's right hand man. tl. The Grey Fox of football, Bernie Bierman, now in uniform, returned for the Camp Grant game to look on with head coach Dr. George Hauser and line coach Red Dawson. 285 f -H .of :,,,,, ei ff 12 4 5 Cooke Hall, along with a lot of the campus went military, too. Required PT courses for the military groups kept the build- : ing swarming with uniforms all year long. 5426. .M ,,, ,. ,W few 2 8 I f 4 if , . ' ' .sw-Tiff ,- " 11' -iwyiz -'z.v.:'?,,fEe2',:f.' . f ff - 4 'f 0. 'Ziff n.f.,-,z:3':. "" 1-'jf'f22-1 : Tv ' hx ' .ggiififfc "maj .' j, f' . f 13 1' ? ' mug 1 vs, W, ,W QF! , 1 :-L Dr. Ancel Keys lupper Ieftl who studied fatigue and physical performance points out a lung development chart. On the right Gene Sunnen and Walter Carlson played guinea pig and walked on the treadmill. Lynn Brown is being tested for after-effects of the exercise by Dr. Keys in the lower left picture. Athletics and the War Physical fitness makes good fighters When men were assigned by the army or navy to "win the war at Minnesota" they might have thought they were in for a soft time. That was before they heard about military physical training. Most of the boys spent at least an hour a day in PT, where they played competitive games such as football and basketball and endured several minutes lit seemed lilre an eternityl of setting up exercises as shown by the boys below. Many a sailor learned to swim in PT at Minnesota. un-un, Ensign Patrick, director of the Navy physical fitness program. Garnaas intercepts Reece's pass and runs unmolested for the Gopher's A Missouri trick play fails to gain as Garnaas comes up to stop third touchdown. Collins. Minnesota - - 26 Missouri - - - I Minnesota - - Nebraska - - - if Ke 5 ss K R Bob Collison iUmP5 Past the Husker 'ight end- Schneider. to 30 On Chuck Avery breaks away from Nebraska's quarterback 'For I2 yards for an eight yard gain. and a touchdown. 288 The famous craclr-Garnaas stops the army's Storti when the two bump Orlando of Camp Grant watches Red Williams literally 'Flying over a helmets. pile-up ot men. Minnesota - - I3 Camp Grant- - Michigan - - 49 Minnesota - - Michigan's Bill Daley gains around end over his former Gopher team mates. Bill Peterson on the left and jnothler Eiophler tackler cut short a powerful nve y irsc . 289 orthwestern - 42 Minnesota - - Chuck Avery leaps high in an unsuccessful attempt to avoid a Northwestern Behind gO0Cl bl0ClKiI15. Cl'1UCll AVBYY l3f26l'l5 lf1'C0 H12 OPCU iackleh lone Gopher score. 1 E,. si ln a pile-up on the goal line, Purdue's Elliot makes the first Boilermaker tally. Rushed on a punt, Gopher Bill Peterson fumbles the l point of the Purdue victory. Purdue - - - I4 Minnesota - - 290 Minnesota - - 33 Iowa - - - - I4 The Gophers iearthrough the line for anofher touchdown againsi underdog Avery knocks 'em down as he tears ihrough ihe iowa IOWG- line for a fifteen yard gain. The Badgers close in on Red Wiiiiams as he piles up Palmer is blocked on all sides by the 'fighting Badgers as he aifempts 'co the yardage against Wisconsin. break fi'II'OU8h 'file Ime- Minnesota - - 25 Wisconsin - - I3 29l eahawks - - 32 Minnesota - - Hoyt Moncrief lNo. 491 and Howie Langpap struggle with blockers Red Williams darts for a small gain as George Tobin runs up from E as Seahawk Jim Smith smashes through tor the First Iowa touchdown. hind to nab him. s s E 3 5 If 5 5 5 Q 5 5 2 s 2 Q a S 'Wifi 3 Paul Mitchell, Ed Lechner, and Bill Garnaas alternated as captains for the season. Mitchell, the only one of the three left at the end of the season, is shown at the right gazing fondly at the torch awarded him at the M Convocation. 292 Basketball Coach Carl Nordly. Back Row: Coach Dave McMillan, Pat Geroghty, Howard Peterson, Bob Snyder, Gordon Muske. Bob Adam, Coach Nordly. Second Row: Bill Wri ht Paul Sutton Bill Pe er Gordon Emerson Duane Ba lein Ken Poehler. , h 9 . . PP . . 9 . First Row: Rollre Delapp, Matt Sutton, Kenny Johnson. At the left, Ken Poehler steps in to talce the ball away from the Hawkeyes in a thriller of a game. Below: Gene Kelly tails Wis- consin 2l for the ball. 293 Left: Above, Duane Baglien an Indiana man 'Fights it out to the bitter end 'for the possession of the ball. If pictures could talk, the air would be blue, Coach Nordly, below, "objects" to a referee's decision. Bucket Squad Showedi Fight Above: Butz Lehrman makes a good shot while Indiana looks on an amaze- ment. Below: The benchwarmers watch the game with interest. 294 Top to bottom: Wisconsin and Minnesota men Fight it out for the rebound. Gene Kelly Butz Lehrman Kenny Johnson Bill Wright Above: Bill Pepper. Kelly lNo. 32l is ready to talre the ball and drop it in basket for another Gopher tally. Hockey, Our Strong Team Top row: Duane Gallup, John Ahern, Granville Gutterson, Plymouth Shadd, John Adams, Bob Helleen, AI Lindquist, Mike Raplro, Coach Larry Armstrong. First row: Larry Clarlr, Jim Wild, Bob Carley, Bob Graziger, Harry Bratnober, Mascot Wild, Fred Nordby, Jack Behrendt, Al Opsahl. - f ., .5 am, im I-3244? At the lower lett, the Gophers close in to take the puck from a Fort Snelling man. Below, the Flyers make headway as Minnesota men drive in. Harry Bratnober, the lone goalie after the first series, stands alert on the defense. Below, the navy referee watches as Gophers and Flyers struggle near the goal for a close shot. Hockey Men Outdid Expectations Minnesota races in for a goal, above, while the navy ducks. Below, Larry Armstrong, coach of the Gopher hockey squad, looks pleased as the team scores. 297 Swimmin b .,,. l , , -if I" D5 ., A ,,,,., Q ,gp gg A , Wm' ' fg- gv -' A N, , 2 aff VV . Above are iwo 'free sl:ylers, Sam Solhaug, of NROTC, and Dick Evans, of V-12. :ll Above, Coach Niels Thorpe leans upon the ladder and lends a word of advice to his swimmers. At the lower lefi the coach makes ready 'co 'kime a member of fhe swimming team. The shot below shows ihe team "in training," while far below, Vern Ruotsalainen executes a perfect swan dive. 298 I ,M if T N350 'T ik i -W Sans a XXX - ,c 1:3 My az 5-ygffg yl y r . ag 1. - .M - MQ? -',- ,W X 0 ya W - , Gym team members from left to right were: Edmund Rudd, Frank Grossman, Coach Ralph Piper, Arnold Gilbertson, and Earl Mahachek. Members of the wrestling team were: Top row: Lester Wul- ken, Dick Nelson, lvan Dosetf, Roddy Lister, Vern Gagne, Coach Stan Hanson. First row: Bill Ald- worth, Clark Wingert, and Wayne Brock. G m and Wrestling Team The hard working 'Fellows at the right are doing their daily dozen under Coach Piper's instruction. They were quite the athletic bunch, being proficient in many lines of gym work. Even the most elementary exercise had its use: and the traditional, "Touch your toes- I-2-3l" was heard often, .439 H- K 299 Bone Crushers and Tumblers Lower left: Study in symmetry as Earl Mahaclwek, Frank Grossman, and Arne Gilbert- son do a stand on the parallels. Frank Grossman, below, shows "V-man" form on the rings in this cliFFicult trick. Bob Graziger slides info firsl: as the umpire watches carefully. Baseball coach Dave McMillan. if 1, f ,fi . 1 41- ' , .gggggff ' 5.54: , "fi 1 , V -A ,Q Baseball Lower left: A conliclenl: second string walcches progress of the game from the clugouf. Below: Red Williams malres if to home plaie with a split-second to spare 901, 9,- -1571-3 f. -12,2 30l f 'A 1 ! f , '. .v ' ' ' ,,-gl 1 ' Above: l-lighjumper Mark Brownstein squeezes over the iop. Above right, Horaldur Magnusson and Harry Johnson "make hacks" around the gym in a practice session. Below to the left, Magnusson sends the discus lnuriling to a new mark. Jack Delzield, below, pole vaults gracefully over the top. Track -- Cindermen l 3 Qc 302 Golf feam members, from lefi to righi, were Jenkins, Rotering, Guiierson, Hier, Lick, Smith, W. R., Cornish, Cooper, Shay, Warner, Elcern. Go Big Ten Fourth Place Winners Le'Fl:: Champion Louis Liclc shows off his fine sl:yle. Al: the lower left Coach W. R. Smith shows a navy boy just how il's clone. Below, W. R. Smith himself exhibits his fine form. 303 Tennis Above: Coach Phil Brain. Right above and below: Team members, Warran Adams and Bill Spriggs, take swings at shadows to help develop form. Adams and Spriggs shake on it after a siilif set. Intramurals -- Peppier Than Ever Above: League play, ready to roll the ball down-the gutter! Below: Challcing up another strike. Fall Above: The Sigma Chi team in action as .lack Bonbright runs interference. Bottom: The lad at right is running a "sneak play." Below: The l.M. touchball champs-Sigma Chi baclcfielclg McGuiness, Muesing, Geelan. Line: Schuck- hart, McKee, Bonbright, Phister, Buetow, Mooers, Reed. Cooperation and Competition l The basketball I-Mer s pile up under the bucket in the picture at ilie left Above two teams jump high to get the ball. ' t Below are the l-M second string in a tense moment of the game. 306 1, . Above: li's a toss-up!-but wl'iere's the ball? Military Squads Competed in All Sports At the left, hurdle is successfully cleared by an intramuralite. Upper left: The boys show delicate skill in splash practice. Above: Start of the game-two volleyball teams malre ready to grab the ball. Left: Angus Grant at bat -the next one will be a homer. Above: Perfect form, toes and arms exceedingly straight. 307 Intramural Basketball Left: Rod McQuarry pitching lille in basketball Above: "GV" gets off a fast one. lt happens every time-"That most cer- tainly was a low ball!" Military A refined form of the "protection" that military units on campus represented. IQOTSCTIDW N ow We come to the military units-those men who were stationed on campus only transiently. But they made a big impression while they were here- even the Air Corps boys who were here for short training periods. The long lines of marching men were missed when they left in the spring. Yes, they were missed. The students who got held up and were late to classes missed them, the coeds missed their whistles, done in harmony and in chorus, and instructors on for- eign affairs classes missed their ready answers. When the military first came, there Were many controversial letters in the Daily about their gay singing, but general opinion on the campus was the more songs, the better. The units must have taken some of the nastier letters seriously, though, for the songs gradually stopped-except for the Air Corps. Made of sterner stuff, they sang mightily all year long. Mirmesota was a military post for a while, and the students enjoyed it. The khaki-clad men never lost their air of uniqueness g even the V-12 boys, most of Whom had been on campus as civilians, seemed rather like a race apart because of their uniforms. The N ROTC unit had line times in the former fraternity houses, and some of the men were lucky enough to get in their own houses. In spite of the nasty songs about the ASTP, the military units stationed at the University symbol- ized the protection which their organizations oEered to the country as a whole. The marching columns lent a truly military air to the quiet campus in the summerg and in the regular school year what stu- dents there were left on campus at 5: 30 in the after- noon stopped to watch the Air Corps line up on the mall to count off before going on to the Union. Because most of the units were stationed here for fairly long periods and because the situation, mili- tary discipline Was somewhat relaxed, as far as marching formations were concerned. The men kept in step pretty well, but that lounging attitude wasn,t exactly the way things should be done in the army. In sharp contrast, the Air Corps-which was only stationed here for a short period of time-stepped along right smartly. They were a novelty when they came, and they were missed when they leftg but when the call came, most of them were only too ready to start fighting. 9915213 Minnesota Militar "Take down the service Hag mother, your son's in the ASTPV,-the by-word at the University during its second year of the war. Military life oflicially began on campus when the navy electricians mates set up the battleship in the old Union. But it first became obvious to regular students when the 88th college training detachment of the air corps moved into the stadium in the spring of 1943. In fact, it sometimes became annoyingly obvious when a student in a hurry to get to a class found himself late because he got entangled in groups of marching soldiers. With the coming of the pre-meterologists and later the ASTP, "so-calledv military life was com- plete at the University. In the navy there were the electricians and firemen, V-12s, cooks and bakers, and the NROT C. The men from the ship were most commonly seen around the knoll or in the various restaurants and drug stores in dinkeytown. For the most part, they were younger than the college students and did not take part in many of the regular University activi- ties. More at home on the campus were the N ROTC men who were students here in peacetime and had made old friends and established themselves as a part of University functions. V-12 students were hardly seen around campus at all for they were hard-working dents, medics, and engineers. In the army were the pre-meterologists and the college training detachment of the air corps, three companies of ASTP engineers, three companies of ASTP men taking language and area study, the 9-Ls and 9As, and the ROTC. It was these army men, far in the majority, that gave the campus its air of a military camp. There were soldiers everywhere in the Union, restaurants, classrooms, and marching from Washington to Uni- 3l2 versity avenues at all times. The spot most fre- quently traversed by the soldiers was the corner by the library where five sidewalks converge. During the ten minutes between classes, a civilian student could never find a space to sneak around that corner in the face of advancing columns. In a sense, the University was a major theater of operations. Despite the usual belief that sailors are the biggest wolves, it didn,t take the army men long to get acquainted and they could always be seen with their girlfriends riverbanking in the Union or sipping a coke in the Grille or the V. Life was far from GI for these men stationed at the University. Outside of reveille at 6:30 a.m. and weekly inspections it seemed to them just like regu- lar college days. The most military were the air corps men who were being trained as officers-and even they found it diflicult to march like cadets when they had shapely coeds walking in front of them, the ASTP yelling at them, and dogs and little kids tagging along at their heels. All of the groups sang as they marched to classes --favorites being "Someone's In the Kitchen with Dinaf, "A-menf, and the army air corps song. The air corps really went in for singing in a serious way when they organized a chorus which sang at the Varsity Show. Some of the men composed songs, and every group had several members who were tal- ented in playing the piano or some musical instru- ments. But as the war grew more intense and the second front drew nearer, college training groups were slow- ly disbanded so the men could be taken into more active service. In June, the navy alone was left, and the campus became only a memory to the men who had made it livelier-a campus more conscious of itself as a university with a purpose. Army Air Corps The first group of army men to come to the Uni- versity were members of the 88th College Training Detachment who arrived in February of last year. Headquarters were set up immediately in the south tower of the stadium and barracks inside the rest of the stadium. Rooms which had formerly served as handball courts and an orthopedic gym became the sleeping quarters. Communications from headquarters in the south tower to all points around the one-third mile arc of the barracks was a major problem until a public address system Was installed in April, 1943. Af- ter that all orders and an- nouncements were quickly circulated. The mess hall for the air corps men, considered most unmilitary by the ofhcers, was the third floor of the Union. Regular students soon became familiar with the formally marching groups that came down the mall promptly at 5: 30 every evening and went over the footbridges to the Union. From then on, it was "at easei' for the men who ate in a hurry, then rushed down to the second floor to meet their girl friends. The college training program was established by the army in order to better prepare men of the air corps for the exacting academic, physical, and disci- plinary requirements of modern combat aviation- and here they got a preview of all of it. The group's entire schedule was planned to prepare the men for the future training on their eventual jobs as com- missioned oflicers or flight officers as pilots, bom- bardiers, or navigators. The academic program taught the trainees the basic fundamentals of math, physics, history, Eng- lish, geography, and medical aid so that their sub- sequent aircrew training would be more understand- able and thus more effective. Classes were entirely GI, although taught by regular University stad members. The military training, which was given here mainly by Lts. McCarthy and Frame, was at this early stage designed to make discipline a mental habit so that each individual working as a mem- ber of a combat team would contribute his most to a common goal and a common survival. For this rea- son, a strict military procedure was observed in the 88th-probably stricter than that of any other service group on campus. Every little infraction of A Nm the rules-from talking in ranks to talking after lights out--was brought up before a disciplinary board. Ordinary army rituals, most of which were not practised by other army groups at the University, were all a part of the air corps manis regular routine. Each Saturday morning brought a thorough inspec- tion of the men and their quarters. And at 5:15 every afternoon, assembly was blown and all the cadets formed at the south side of the stadium for retreat ceremony. The assembly call and retreat was blown by a drum and bugle corps which the men themselves organized in June. This corps also played for functions such as medal presentations and other ceremonies which were held on the field at different times throughout the year. Familiar to the crowds that attended football games in the fall were the men of the 88th who drilled on the field between halves-a demonstra- tion of the military training they received while they were at Minnesota. Another vital part of the military program, and probably the most interesting to the men, was the actual flying they did at Victory airport, three miles northwest of Minneapolis. There each student re- ceived 10 hours of dual flying instruction in Piper Cubs which familiarized them with elementary fly- ing and which enabled the officers to discover those who were physically or psychologically unfit for the air. Weather, typically Minnesotan, ruined many days for the cadets, but altogether the group ran up a total of 15,000 hours of flying. Physical training, always referred to as PT by the cadets, was planned to develop the coordination, stamina, and resistance of each-and the men had a rigorous physical program. Under the direction of Ralph Piper and his staff of muscle men, the air corps students went on from the 88th well prepared for the rugged life ahead of them. At first the schedule consisted of one day a week of mass drills, two days of swimming, and three days of games, relays, volleyball, gym and tumbling, and track and field events each week. But soon the program was changed so that the men spent two solid weeks in just one activity. Wres- tling and boxing were added to the list of sports during the summer-but boxing was dropped because of the danger of nose injuries which would affect the men's fiying ability. Aside from this class routine, the men went out 3I3 for competitive sports, organizing intra-squadron and intramural events. In the fall a regular basket- ball schedule was set up for the men, and they also competed with other military groups on campus. One track meet was held with the ASTP, the pre- meterologists, and the navy electricians. This competition with other groups was not lim- ited just to the field of sports, for the air corps and the ASTP feuded all year long. The formal march- ing of the men of the 88th was ridiculed by ASTP men-maybe they were jealous- and when cadets appeared on campus wearing the cadet's wings in- signia by the cuff of their sleeve, a group of the Sanford engineers immediately moved their insignia down to their cuff. The feud was a touchy subject of both groups and it continued as long as the ASTP was here, but the men had a lot of fun out of it. Thanksgiving and Christmas were occasions for big dinners and parties. The dinners were in the Union, and at Christmas time the local OCD pro- vided gifts for all the men and decorations for a party. Christmas night 700 of the men attended a formal ball at the Radisson hotel. Another dance at the Radisson was given for the 88th on February 12, commemorating the iirst anniversary of the de- tachment. Early in December, the 88th sponsored a party at the Nicollet for recruiting Air WACS. Five-hun- dred potential candidates came as guests of the ca- dets and the 88th Jive Bombers played for dancing. The detachment did well in getting professional entertainment-mainly through the work of the officers. During the Third War Loan drive, Lt. Mc- Carthy arranged for Betty Hutton to put on a show in Northrop for the servicemen while she was in the Twin Cities. And when Arline Judge and Dennis Morgan visited campus for the Fourth War Loan drive, Lt. Darby invited them and Capt. Sauve of the air corps to eat at mess in the Union with the men of the 88th, and afterwards they entertained the men in the Union lounge. Some of the air corps cadets were active in cam- pus life, too. Among those better known by the regular students were Pierce Bentz who was on the Union Board, Louis Meyers who heckled his fellow soldiers to buy Gophers-and sold lots of them, and Bob Furlong of the All U Council and Leaders Camp. During the Hrst year of its operation, the detach- ment had Maj. Eldridge O. Sheldon as its com- manding ofiicer. Later when Maj. Sheldon was transferred for overseas duty on March 1, 19441, command passed to Lt. Peter F. McCarthy who had been with the 88th since its beginning as comman- 3I4 dant of students, summary court officer, public rela- tions officer, and special services oflicer. Other officers assigned to the detachment were Lt. Frame, training, supply, and transportation ofli- cerg Lt. Moran, adjutant, and Lt. Darby, academic liaison officer and public relations ofhcer. Toward the end of winter quarter the order came through that the 88th was to be disbanded slowly. As classes graduated from here, no new men were to come to replace them and it was estimated that the entire group would be gone by the beginning of June. Since it first came to Minnesota, the 88th trained and sent approximately 2,000 air corps stu- dents to the pre-flight school at Santa Ana Army Air Base in California. ROTC Since 1921 the University had a Reserve Officers' Training Corps on the campus. The students who finished two years of basic and two years of ad- vanced work were commissioned as 2nd lieutenants in the United States army reserve. War brought a few changes to this familiar group, and the last advanced class started their training in the summer of 1942. After nine months of rumor and speculation, the school days of these 60 men were brought to an abrupt halt. They were a happy lot. N o more school work, no more finals, and no more staying up late to study! They still had their senior year to complete, but they Hgured they could always Hnish that after the war. Action was what they wanted-and they got it.' They got the old army policy of "hurry up and Wait? X On April 9 they reported early at the induction center at Fort Snelling. They "hurried', on their seats until 2:30 p.m., had their physical in assem- bly-line style, and were sent home until the 13th. Then they spent another day sitting on chairs. Their only amusement was pitching pennies. This sport must have fired the gambling spirit in some of the coast artillery men, because when they came back from Texas, they could really sling the dice- and Frank Ross had most of the winnings. The next few days they ran the gamut of army tests, talks, and films. They led an easy life until they were picked for details. They will never forget the unique army system for volunteering. All pros- pective volunteers were lined up by a hard-faced sarge who bellowed, "I want two volunteers, yOU and youlv He pointed at the two lucky fellows wl1O later found themselves doing KP, loading, or other interesting jobs. It was surprising how fast the ROTC men learned to fade out of sight when they were pointed at. They found Camp Kohler a barren place. It had been a Japanese camp until the army took it over. It was located about 14 miles from Sacramento. An excellent bus service plus the fact that they could get out of camp made life bearable. The old army volunteer system showed up again at basic when the men were asked if they could drive a car. Naturally, they answered, "Yes,,' think- ing of driving a jeep around camp. But they were directed to a small green garden go-cart and told that they could drive that around. Four weeks of basic training went by with the various highlights of army life. They all went through EQ latrine orderly, barracks orderly, poi- son oak, overnight hikes, the hot broiling sun, screams of gas and air attack, creeping and crawl- ing, tent pitching, and so on far into the night. After that, whenever Cummings and Hinrichs heard the words "gas attack," they were reminded of the time when they were caught without their gas masks which they were supposed to carry with them at all times and got a good dose of tear gas. After basic training, Becker, Cummings, Hin- richs, Fadner, Juntilla, Schmidt, and Podas were sent to Davis college for specialist's school. Con- stant, Smith, Kuhlmann, Washburn, Hajicek and Roehl stayed at Kohler. At first look, Davis seemed like paradise com- pared to Kohler. CThey hadn't seen their first ser- geant yet.j There was grass growing everywhere. The firemen didn't have anything to do except water the grass and they had a pet goat to keep it trimmed. Davis also had a large outdoor swimming pool as compared with the water hole in the obstacle course at Kohler. They used to fall in this hazard purposely just to cool off. The first sergeant was a character. His name was Gilman, and the men called him G.I. Gilman as the best description of him. None of the men will ever forget G.Ifs familiar warning, "You men will stop doing this immediately, if not sooner!" The men who stayed at Camp Kohler were hav- ing a good time going dit-happy flearning the codej . Most of the boys were made acting sergeants or corporals. Hajicek became very adept at looking wide awake while he was sleeping. Sleeping during class hour seemed to be standard procedure. In or- der to get by unnoticed, he would lean forward in his seat, put his book in his lap, rest his head on his fist, and then drift off into sweet sleep. Instructors were not the worst fear of the men, the most disliked persons were the hot-footers. The Kohler hot-foots were a bit different than the ordi- nary hot-foots. The leering fire-bug would smear gobs of inilamrnable shoe polish on the instep of the sleeping victim and with a fiendish grin light the match. Meanwhile, the CAC part of the ROTC was showing Texas and Camp Wallace what Mmnesota men are made of. They were restricted to camp a little longer than the signal corps men were, but when they did get into Houston and Galveston they made up for lost time. For awhile, life was really tough for them when they attended the OCS prep school. There they had to toe the mark and be strictly GI. They learned some fancy marching and became the crack drill squad when the whole group returned to Minne- sota. After Camp Wallace, the CAC was shipped to Grinnell, Iowa. They had more drilling and a lot of fun. They will never forget the time Hickey was found sleeping in a closet. The obstacle course and its high weeds made comfortable sleeping, and the stadium and its dark corridors were well populated. When University classes opened this fall, the ROTC came back, all together again to finish their senior year. Here they had ideal conditions as far as army life went. They were going to school, spend- ing evenings back in the "libe,n and week-ends in the Jug again. At the end of the quarter, about half of the CAC received their orders for OCS and were given their degrees. Fairbanks and Vong decided that the air corps was the thing for them and they joined the air cadets. The first of the year, the remaining men all moved into the ATO house and continued with school. In March, all of the OCS orders finally came, the rest of the group left for good, and the advanced ROTC was no more. ll Z fl . . M H! MSLITARV A KEEP I our . I j Aj' o '33s 3!5 rmy Specialized Training Units 00 603 go 3 o - DT- -A 51,-'i !:x',fD .ot 93:3 5 h Z. . Companies A and B In March, 1943, the first ASTP unit at the Uni- versity moved in. It consisted of a group of men from all over the country who had been selected to study various branches and types of engineering. For their barracks, they had Sanford Hall, the former girls, dormitory. Needless to say, the men were rather disappointed to find that the girls had been moved two weeks previously and that the phone numbers left on the walls had been obliter- ated by painters. The group split into two companies, A and B, which moved into their respective halves of the dorm. The main floor was taken up mostly by a large mess hall, and mealtime always found the men lined up around the room, out the door, and all the way up the stairs to the second floor, and each man trying out his own scheme for getting in line ahead of the rest. When the men came, they were all just out of camps where strict military courtesy was observed, and they were amazed to see their commanding ofli- cers here come down to the station to welcome them and help them with their baggage. The program taken by Company A consisted primarily of chemical and civil engineering, while Company B studied mechanical and electrical engi- neering. The courses were condensed so that the maximum essentials could be acquired in a mini- mum amount of time. However, the program fol- lowed the general engineering curriculum of the University, and credit was given for those courses satisfactorily completed. In addition to academic stuff, military science and physical education were included in each quarteris 3l6 work. Six hours a week they had PE-body build- ing, teamwork, calisthenics, competitive sports, and everyoneis friend, the obstacle course. And in spite of the typical army griping about work, the men did all right for they were well represented in intra- mural competition all year. The social activities of the group included a mili- tary ball, company parties each quarter, and vari- ous group and section functions. The highlight of the year was the formal military ball where the cadet officers led the grand march. There were many changes in the companies while they were here. The end of each quarter saw a new contingent of men arriving to replace the graduat- ing classes. Capt. Williams and Capt. Anderson were the first company commanders and Capt. Mar- vin, then a lieutenant, was the executive officer. After that the two companies had a great variety of commanding officers, the ranks of whom have run the gamut of captain to second lieutenant. They were Lts. Schomaker, Goring, Young, Burk and Captain Happe. The most unforgettable was one executive oflicer of Company B, Lt. Flint. The year was full of events for the engineers. After the October furlough, the barracks were turned upside down as the men changed rooms. The halls were a sight the men won't forget-everyone running around madly with barracks bags slung over their shoulders and helmet liners on at all un- military angles-and big Sam Appleman wearing his even bigger coonskin cap which he got during his furlough. They had a continual fued with another army group on campus, the air corps cadets. Regular stu- dents often got a laugh out of the jibes the two groups threw at each other as they passed on cam- pus. Then, just as they thought they had everything amicably settled, the Morning Tribune referred to the men stationed in Sanford as "the air corps engi- neers,', and that was too much for the ASTP to take. The biggest blow of the year, however, was the order that came through in October which directed that "All pin-ups and obscene pictures will be re- moved from the walls immediately." But when the flu epidemic hit the Sanford men, as it did all the military groups, and several of them were taken to the emergency hospital in the Union, the pin-ups appeared again, this time on the walls of the Fine Arts room. They thought that was a more appropriate place than the barracks, anyway- And they won't forget the baggy fatigues they wore in the summer, or the two extra pairs of sun- tans they were issued two weeks before summer was over, or the overshoes they were issued two weeks before winter was over. Practical joker at Sanford was a double E stu- dent, Cloyd Woolley. lVIore than one man, including officers and instructors, suffered from one of his "presents"-an innocent looking box, which, when taken, gave out with a shock of 5,000 volts. In March the army order streamlining the ASTP came through and the number of engineers on cam- pus was greatly reduced. A large graduating class had left by April 1 and many others were separated from the group, getting different assignments under the new program. Across the river, more engineers . . . Company E . . . occupied Augsburg Seminary. All their classes were on campus although their barracks were about a mile from the University . . . and seemed like ten on cold winter mornings. The men had almost a complete little city to themselves-the seminary as quarters, a big green lawn for relaxation, and the College Treat cafe for in-between meal snacks. In fact, they spent so much time in the College Treat that at Christmas time the manager gave them all cards worth 50 cents in trade as Christmas presents. The Company E men never ceased to be fasci- nated by the lay-out of their barracks-there were no halls, and they had to go through rooms to get to a room in the back of the building. Travel through the front rooms was always heavy. The wrestling star was 160 pound bone crusher, Don Miller. The first day on the mats, Miller threw his opponent so hard that the opponent twisted his ankle. The second day, he broke his partneris arm. The third day he was ordered to report to basket- ball. - The commanding oflicer when the group first ar- rived last summer was Capt. R. A. Weisbrich. Sub- CO was First Lt. Layton. Lt. Cobourne was execu- tive officer and O. L. Thompson was first sergeant. Later Capt. Weisbrich was transferred to general headquarters in the armory and Lt. Layton suc- ceeded him as CO. Two of the Augsburg engineers better known about campus were Jim Yadon and Dick Jandl who were hangers-out around the Gopher office until Yadon was transferred into the air corps. Dick was a member of the Union Board. Company E differed from the Sanford engineers in that the men at Augsburg were getting basic training while Companies A and B were advanced. In lXIarch, therefore, Company E was entirely dis- banded under the new ASTP program and the men left Minnesota to go into active duty. Company F The morning of June 25, the Ag campus awoke to find a military regime in Brewster Hall. The new ASTP language groups had arrived. The language group was split into companies - Company F, which stayed on the farm, was to study German, Com- pany G, which moved into the Continuation Center on main campus, was to study J apaneseg and Com- pany H, which took Scandinavian languages, went to Motley school. It wasnit long before the men of Company F felt at home. They became familiar with the long turn- ing walks, the knoll on the hill, and the Union lounges. The first job of the group, however, was to get started on deutsch and area study. Time flew under the pressure of work, and before they knew it, it was time for a furlough. Before the end of the first term in September, was the company party-juke box music, sandwiches, and other refreshments, and Ed Vaupel served as the general greeter and kept the party moving. By the end of the evening, everyone was having a gay time, and the crowd got a laugh out of the sight of five foot five Ed Oppman doing the tango with five foot eight Mrs. Louis Hodde. The Company F men got back on campus just after regular fall quarter classes had started. They discovered on their return that two of the men, first sergeant Benson and Pfc. Alexander, had decorated the day room with murals of typical campus scenes on the walls and GI poses on the pillars. They all wondered who had modeled the picture on one pillar - a soldier dashing out for reveille call in a field jacket and pajama pants. The new ASTP shoulder insignia-"the lamp of learning and the sword of valorv - also came out at the same time as the men came back from furlough, and it soon became a familiar marker to civilian students. 3!7 Lt. Col. Stenerson of the Norwegian army spoke to the group in November about his experiences with the Gestapo. Then it was time for exams again and another furlough in December. The company was a little diferent when the men came back this time. Paul Eimermann, Frank Grumbach, Ad Lockner, Paul Bergman, Dave Pearl, Nate Robinson, Les Freitag, Rudy Graf, and John Sinnema had shipped out. And there was a turnover in commanding officers. C0 Lt. Mack J. Jorden and First Sgt. John W. Benson had been replaced by Capt. Henry E. Bollman and first sergeant James W. Corry. Back from the Ft. Snelling hospital was the regular company clerk, Vrem D. Levens. The new quarter opened with a double feature show in the Ag Auditorium--all in German-but the men were surprised to find out how much of the conversational language they had picked up as they could understand practically all of the lines in the movies. All through the year the men enjoyed the antics of F. D. Wellington, the company mascot, whose greatest enjoyment was chasing a rubber ball around the quarters all day. The mystery that was still unsolved when Com- pany F left the University was the whereabouts of Majes Jankowskiis missing pants. And the men never forgot eager beaver Mike Michalson who wrote a perfect military examination after memoriz- ing the field manual. Sam Sherwood was voted the most likely looking cook, but he himself denied the honor saying he was not qualified because of a lack in his own diet of vitamin B, the one which keeps hair from falling out. Company G "The following menf, said the lieutenant, "will answer as their names are called." Then he read the list and told the men to go in- side and pack their barracks bags. They were mov- ing to the main campus to study Japanese. That was in front of Brewster hall on the farm campus last July 1. The changeover from Company F was quick. In a few hours, taxicabs and army trucks took COMPANY NO smmm I 1 l 1 DA E.NC-:LKSH xl I '0I114na.....u..11fuu-uerii u4w""w xu-' g I ' ll ll ll 6 erflldwvlil W ' tw I F ' 3I8 the men to the Continuation Center. No sooner had they dumped their things in the rooms assigned them than they began packing to go home on three- day passes, and most of them got out on night trains and planes. ' They'd been lawyers, school teachers, musicians, newspaper men, factory workers, undergraduates- and latterly soldiers, for as many as three years, in the signal corps, air force, infantry, artillery, and medical corps. Sgt. Max Valencia came from the cavalry and wore high laced boots. Back from pass, they began the peculiar life of men belonging to the army, staying in a sort of hotel and going to college. They slept in double-deck bunks, two or four or more to a room, and ate in a cafeteria downstairs. They were supposed to spend three 12-week terms, with furloughs between, taking a course called area and language-learning to speak con- siderable Japanese and read and write a little and listening to lectures about the people of Japan and nearby countries and their ways and work and his- tory. They were in class up to seven hours a day, 30 hours a week, and studied two hours a night- except for Saturdays and Sundays. Harold S. Quigley of the political science depart- ment was the program coordinator for the group, and Charles W. Hepner, 30 years a Lutheran mis- sionary and teacher in Japan, headed the language staff. A few Nisei instructors taught Japanese, Uni- versity faculty members the other subjects. The program was heavy, but there was still time for fun. In class, students and teachers traded gags. Fred Riesenman was asked to tell in Japanese that in his garden were potatoes, carrots, and spinach. Sturnped for the word "spinach,,' he simply said, "There,s none there." One snowy day, instead of tramping to Murphy hall for its regular survey techniques lecture, a class got Professor Mitchell V. Charnley to come to the Center chapel. His first words, given with a wry smile, were, "N ow I know why they say the army is softf, And when soldiers were noisy in walking into his classroom, geographer Darrell H. Davis told them, "Don,t brayg just wiggle your ears." The men will never forget the endless boogie- woogie played on the company piano by Gene Bo- chenek. And whenever there was a break in that, Art Hansen filled in with some classical piano. Occa- sionally Tullio Gasperini got out his accordion with which he'd played the night clubs in the East and gave the men a real concert. There was once a memorable duet between B0- chenek and Ed Perreault. Bochenek was at the 'LOGZ QQ H J Z piano in the Center lounge, Perreault around the corner at the chapel organ. Bochenek could hear him over a loudspeaker, but he couldn't hear Bo- chenek-yet they kept together on "In a Little Spanish Townf' Company G put on most of the Varsity Show on Homecoming week-end. John Weigel, once a Chicago radio announcer, was master of ceremonies. Larry Sipkin, formerly of New York's borscht circuit, and William Chambers were in skits. Busa, a rolypoly man with a cigar, stepped from a GI-underwear chorus to do a cooch dance which the students there will never forget, and Jack Cooper did a dance of his own. The musicians on the program were piano player Bochenek and singer Henry Barnes, and little Tullio Gasperini thrilled the audience with better classical accordion playing than most of them had ever heard. The inevitable impersonation of Hitler was given, too, by Don Peretz, who also took-od Professor Len- nox Mills lecturing on the tigers of Malaya. All this was typical of the sort of thing that went on around the barracks all the time. Petro, who had the looks but not the manner of a melodrama vil- lain, would memorize and spiel off outlandish radio commercials-"Do you have livery-stable hands?', -and then would laugh his head off as he did at all his own jokes. And Peretz would make up songs a la Falstaff Openshore-"Grandma, dear Grand- ma, came home with me now, We need somebody to pull the plow." One night pranksters put chocolate candy in Ber- nard Marder's bed and eggs under Marion Wil- kinson's pillow. On a higher plane, Schmidt and Norton, schooled in such things at Yale, and Ken Oshima, possessed of an inscrutable Oriental wit, wrote a phony history examination on a blackboard once that had a whole class fooled and mighty wor- ried for several minutes. Jack Pritchard pulled off puns that people held their noses at. And Meyer Goldstein walked like King Kong, quacked like Donald Duck, and reacted to everything with, "What's up, Doc?" Phi Beta Kappa-faced Bill Oatis never reacted to anything except with a deadpan expression. During the winter, Weigel went in for animal hus- bandry on a small scale when he took a white dog to his room to get her out of the cold one day-and when he went back later, found sheid had a couple of pups. Somebody named her J ochu-J apanese for "maid',-and she stuck around and became the company pet. Her sidekick was a bristly little Cairn terrier built like a scooter. He had more names than a Spanish nobleman-Route Step, Falla, Shorty, McTavish, and Ambrose, for a few. But he was an independent creature, and the men couldnit make him wag his tail with any of them. He'd just stare at them and sniff into his Bernard Shaw beard. Cn January Q4, the company moved down the street to Shevlin Hall. Curtiss-Wright cadettes had moved out only the month before-and the men got their pink lockers. March 15 was a memorable date in the company's history. On that day, a rumor started going around that the course had been stretched from nine months to a year. The odd thing about this rumor was that, within little more than 24 hours, it turned out to be true. Company 9-L For those unacquainted with the ASTP jargon, "9-L" referred to a soldier who was proficient in a foreign language. In other words, he had to be able to read, write, and speak it so fluently that he would be an asset to the armed forces for interpreting, liaison work, military government, questioning pris- oners of war, and countless other purposes. He was assigned to an ASTP unit to perfect him- self further in his foreign language and to acquire ubackgroundi' material. He studied the politics, his- tory, culture, economics, geography, and other as- pects of the country of the language he knew. In addition to this, he not infrequently took up an- other language because it would be beneficial, for example, for a French 9-L to know the language of France,s neighbors - Germany, Italy, Spain, or Hol- land. There was no set course for the 9-L student to fol- low other than the general outline mentioned above. And there was no definite term for him to complete as he was already a ngraduatei' and thus subject to call whenever the army needed a man of his talents or caliber. It was for this reason that the 9-Ls ar- rived suddenly and often might, just as unexpect- edly, depart-to the confusion of the professors and the occasional consternation of coeds. The soldiers that regular civilian students found in most of their classes were these 9-L men as they 3I9 took a general University course for lack of a mili- tary program. The group at Minnesota usually had about 30 to 410 members of many nationalities who collectively spoke a bewildering babel of tongues that included such exotic linguistic plums as Persian, Arabic, and occasionally the King's English. Foreign accents ranging from a Boyer to a von Stroheim raised sighs around the campus that were not all the result of the gentle winds among the ivy-clad towers of learn- ing. The Nomadic existence of the 9-Ls on campus was the subject of ribald laughter from the more staid engineers and other ASTP groups who moved only once or twice during their stay at the Univer- sity. By the end of the year, even the sailors were able to spot a 9-L man a block away as he plodded from building to building bent under the weight of the barracks bags and foreign dictionaries. One rather elaborate 9-L used to get around this by piling his extensive civilian baggage into a taxi- cab and hiding on the floor till he arrived at his new "home" Another one started at the farm campus last summer and since then was in two fraternity houses, Sanford hall twice, the Continuation Center three times, with a brief period of exile across the Mississippi at Augsburg. The impact of the 9-Ls on the intellectual life of the University did not go by unnoticed. Professors, on the whole, were pleased at the stimulus many of their courses received from the polyglot, but ad- vanced, group. Not infrequently the professor turned his lecture platform over to a soldier who would speak of the culture, politics, or other phases of his native land or of countries he had visited. In the long run, the soldiers were an asset to the classes, though an occasional "enfant terrible" in- advertently set the professor back on his heels for a moment by his unorthodox approach to an aca- demic question. And, though not quite as haggard as some of Elsa Maxwellis international set, it could be said that the 9-Ls added a cosmopolitan air to the Minnesota campus. In March, when the ASTP reorganization order took the engineers away from the University, the 9-Ls also left for active service on definite assign- ment from the army. Company 9-A The most advanced group of engineers at the Uni- versity were the army 9As. These men all had col- lege degrees, ranging from Bachelor of Arts to Ph.D. prior to army service. As civilians, many had held 320 positions of great technical significance-some of them were tunnel, mining and petroleum production engineers, others had been engineers with the TVA and TWA. The purpose for creating this group in the army was to utilize the technical skills these men already possessed. And the main reason for their being sent to the ASTP was for a three months refresher course in their field to bring them abreast of the advances made in their work since they received their de- grees. The courses the 9As took at Minnesota were in mechanical, chemical, electrical, civil, mining, and petroleum engineering. Some also studied chemis- try, bacteriology, pharmacy, and geophysics. In re- search work were men who did ordnance design, chemical analysis, and synthesis, and still others de- voted their time to metallurgy and military map- pins- The 9As first came to the University about the beginning of July, and they were stationed in sev- eral diderent quarters during their stay here-San- ford hall, Augsburg, and the Phi Kappa Sigma house chiefly. VVhen the men completed their refresher courses, they were assigned to deiinite technical jobs in the army and some received commissions. Three became officers in the sanitary corps as bacteriologists- others were assigned to the engineers, signal, or medical corps. Some were sent to industry to do work of a highly confidential nature, and several were put into research work on various projects in the army. Military life for the 9As while they were here at the University seemed to them like normal civilian college life. They attended regular courses-mostly senior- and were not required to hup, tup, hip, hor, around the campus. They enjoyed comparatively unrestricted free time, too, although most of them were conscientious about putting in study hours. After some of the group left, letters came back to the men still on campus which recalled the good times they had had at the University and gave those still here an idea of the work they would be doing at if - eventually. Ugg, 'I I ' I V :J Mx Dj' E if of ata 'SIHND 5 'I2 Unit itiful morningv-so what if it ht? What if everyone did have rs of muddy water? It was really 1 out of bed in the predawn and The V-IQ boys won't forget the 1d march to morning chow and m being crushed by a thousand se, the lads had raw eggs all the ull of vitamins-or something. y kissed their civvies goodbye in y, 1943, and donned the gallant lember how carefully they were parts of their gear-and how f to avoid being hit in the face. : stuff would fit or not, and of they spent two weeks swapping 9. Then there was that Sunday nnly salt in the outfit, Ray Ny- how to tie their neckerchiefs in it was such fun to march down y that Sunday singing "Anchors :tures on insurance and bonds id because the outfit went prac- Of course, the resultant deduc- uch, but that kept the boys out ll came the next week when they dard Physical Fitness Test- at was called, but it brought back .S.Navy memories of initiations and the Dark Ages. The fel- lows survived, even though it was rather difficult to walk for a few days. Phy Ed was really getting them in shape, it wasn,t long before they could do those calisthenics for the whole period and not even turn blue, and the obstacle course was fine sport, except the times they removed a major portion of the skin for their shins on the wall. The happier moments were there, too, like July 20-that was really an eventful date. They were given almost a whole two weeks, pay, and there was the day they got out of Phy Ed to get their I. D. pictures taken. The photographer spent a whole 10 seconds on each one because he wanted to do a real good job. Of course the picture didn't look like any- one in particular, but it got a lot of laughs from friends. The review on August 21 went off pretty well considering the shape the outfit was ing and about that time, there was the little incident when one of the boys mistook the 0.0.D. for somebody else and let him know about it. Things were quite confused September 7, as the order came through at noon to change the uniform of the day to blues. For two days there was a mix- ture of blue and white as the boys fought to get their blues from the tailor. The next Saturday was the day the Red Cross came to the Armory and volun- teers gave blood and got their first taste of real coffee in over two months. Some other folks came to visit, too, Betty Hutton came to a Jamboree, Roz Russell was around, and the Camel Caravan took over an- other Jamboree. The choir did its share by singing for a Union open house, and other amusements in- cluded those little sessions of star gazing atop the Physics building and peeks at the moon. They weren't for amusement only, though, for a navigator has to know the sky right well. October 4 brought a real surprise as Admiral Downes came up from Great Lakes to give the cam- pus navy the once over. It was impressive to see all that gold braid at one time, and each sailor knew they were looking right at him. Naturally, the boys had to run all the way from their classes to get to the inspection on time, and their shoes didnat look very sharp. The really good news came the next week, though, when the scuttlebutt about between- semester leaves was proved true by the distribution of the leave passes. Then they stretched the study hours so the crammers could bone for finals which 32I were coming up, and just to keep the boys, enthusi- asm below the breaking point they gave another edition of the strength test to see if there were any new muscles in the crowd. Graduation came for some of the lucky seniors on October QQ, the choir sang, and it was all very im- pressive. The seniors all had a big party at the Cov- ered VVagon, some of the oiicers came, and it went off very well. Of course, there were the boys who didnit make the grade that Hrst semester and went off to other Helds. On the 23rd, that happy moment came when they were handed their leave papers and told to go hence. First leave, and a chance to show off the new uniform back home. The first leave expired on midnight, November 1, but the boys started drifting in about noon from all around the country. There were plenty of new fel- lows around, too, and some of the rates and hash marks of the boys from the fleet made the original unit feel like boots all over again. Everybody spent that afternoon moving and that night reliving the past ten days. Most of the boys had a hard time settling down into the old grind after ten days of freedom. November Q, was a jumble with registration and X-rays and people leaving for Great Lakes. Classes started Wednesday, and they were back in the same routine with startling suddenness. The native Minnesotans recalled severe winters of the past when the first real touch of winter arrived November 8, and the boys from the South were re- signed to a winter of sub-zero weather and deep snow. As it was, winter gave out in the first round and snow was almost non-existent. By November 17, the days were growing so short that it was neces- sary to install floodlights so that the squad leaders could count their men in the early hours. During the next week the long warned of "new regime" came into being with Victor Buck as the new battalion commander. Things were going to be different. Thanksgiving proved very enjoyable for on that great day, food was served as never before. Turkey with all the trimmings, gift smokes, and candy made the boys feel that Christmas had come early. To help along the holiday spirit, Saturday came with- out the usual inspection and liberty began earlier than usual. The following Tuesday was also-a holi- day for the lucky boys who didn't have to take the screening examination that was given. Of course, some of the boys got a little too joyous and had to reconsider for three days on a rather meager diet in the bird cage. On Friday, December 10, they were practically blinded by the amount of gold braid that was 322 around Pioneer. It seemed that the strongest outfit in the country was in for a scrutiny. The braid found a few places out of line as some of the boys were caught with the guard down, and the next day saw the results of unpreparedness when the Captain spent hours digging up that which had been with Pioneer since July. Liberty didn't begin until later than ever and was cut shorter and everybody griped. The next week came out about even with the strength test to bring them down and the Spotlight band to give them a lift. The boys surely showed them the next week though. Since it was built, Pioneer had never been so clean. Even if most of the paint did come OH the walls at least they were spotless. Chief Brennan stretched a point and put off taps until 2300 so that everyone could finish cleaning up-Pioneer was an industrious beehive that night. More good news came their way when they found out that Christmas leave was going to be Hve days, and on December QQ, every man but one left for home. Some of the boys from the fleet spent their first Christmas at home in three or four years. New Yearis meant two nights with liberty until 0200 and the boys made the most of it. But with the end of the holiday season it was back to the regular rou- tine. In January came the announcement of the next group to leave for midshipman's school, and those left behind looked forward to the day they would be in that group. The best tonic given the boys was when Keith Peterson and Harold Hausladen re- turned to Pioneer with their new gold braid gleam- ing a challenge to the rest to do their best to follow through. NROTC The NROTC boys remember that sad-happy day they first stumbled into quarters piled high with about everything the navy could think of-and some things the boys thought up themselves. The months passed quickly after July 1, 1943 when the N ROTC first went permanently into uniform, but a lot of the days seemed awfully long. They remember, too, the lineup at the Armory for clothes when they thanked their lucky stars that they didn't have to wait in line as long as some of the poor lads starting the V-12 program. But they weren,t so lucky when it came to drawing books at Pioneer-they really had a system cooked up over there. If the N ROT C boys stuck out the long wait, there were always too few books anyway. After July, 1943, the "campus navy" spent a lot of their lifetimes waiting in line. Lineups to eat, to get paid, to draw supplies, to get told off, to shave, and even to pay bills. But if the breadlines ever get popular again, they won't feel like strangers. Then there were those shots they took at sick bay. They wondered if that corpsman ever did learn to hit a fellow,s blood supply the first 'time in. If he Hnally struck the blue stuff on the third try with a minimum of digging around and no needles broken off, they considered themselves lucky. For a few days afterwards, though, they almost knocked them- selves out every time they wiggled into a blouse. The loose-fitting white pajama aHairs that were issued were quite the thing. The reg book called them undress whites, but after a few days it was a question of what happened to the white. There was that lovely, blatant stencil across the front of the jumpers that loudly proclaimed to everyone who stopped to stare-and who didn't--NROTC UNIV OF MINN, and the blue bands around the tops of those charming hats came in for a lot of speculation. Of course, there was the job of keeping the whites white. At Hrst none of the fellows had enough outhts to spare one for the laundry. The navy seemed pretty hard up at times-when it came to clothes. But the boys all looked sort of cute with a scrub brush or hanging their dainty unmentionables out in the sun. Finally, though, someone must have bought a war bond because they got all the uniforms they needed. Every morning just a few hours after it got cool enough to sleep comfortably-that was a Warm summer-they were yanked out of the sack to en- joy a little sunrise monkey drill. There were a lot of eye-rolling and finger-bending exercises before the OOVV got in the habit of dropping in on the party. Monkey drill wasn,t enough for the navy, though. Later on in the day, the boys got another whole- some hour to build up their bodies-if not their minds. They sang "Daisy" while lying on their backs pumping away at the old bicycle, and they yelled murder when the chiefs illustrated that con- test of sportsmanship --Judo. The object was to kill the other fellow as quickly, quietly, and brutally as possible. It was a great day when they quit the basic squad for the maintenance group, and, although, their remarks about the strength tests were unprint- able, a lot of the fair-haired lads learned to multiply the day they took those tests. The inter-quarter baseball and basketball games were a lot of fun, especially with the hot outfit Gar- naas Sz Co. had and the gentle brand of basketball the NROTC put on the courts. Then there was the dusty day the battalion posed for pictures. The boys were so wonderfully comfort- able under the afternoon sun in cool blues and leg- gins. The drum and bugle corps was undoubtedly the most amazing part of any battalion drill, they made more noise than anything at least twice their size, and they mastered the knack of tricking the boys neatly out of step. lVIost surprising part of the outfit was how well it could look on some days and how utterly sloppy on others. The rifles weren,t very light after a while either, but at least they were good fakes. The fellows never forgot the great Nose try- ing so desperately to hold the company pennant at present arms and the batch of hair that Beisang never learned to cut. They patiently awaited the VVhitchurch brand of "REEportv and the final "Sound offf, and then marched around again. The upper classmen suddenly turned human on the day of color competition and gave out with the old- fashioned pep talk. After a while the Red Cross came around for an- other pint of blood, and the boys awoke one morn- ing to discover that autumn was after all a very beautiful time of the year-the day the coeds came back to school. Then the stag. Ah, yes, the stag. Every braid panned down to his toes. The boys laughed and howled a lot that night. They even found that their 323 oflicers could tell some good ones, too. Robb and a few of his cohorts jumped right into the cake of hu- morous posterity-surely the NROTCS will never see another stag like that one. Field day was a busy time. According to the fel- lows, they never finished their detail until the last minute, and almost always missed Saturday noon chow. QNO, never!j They mopped and waxed and scrubbed and brushed and cleaned and polished and then prayed that they'd come through inspection without the mark that meant extra duty. But it wasnlt too awfully bad, unless "TT" with his dust mania started snooping around. All the time the rumor machine was working over- time. The NROTCS never did get their shoulder boards, and the WAVES didnat move in, either. At least scuttlebutt served one purpose-it developed a keen sense of imagination. The biggest fiasco of the year was pulled when all the second classmen were told they were to be commissioned with the seniors in the March group. Then, just as suddenly as the order came, it was taken back, and the second class- men settled down for another wacky four months of becoming naval officers. They watched their mates in action at the ring dance and wished it was their turn, but when their turn did come to kiss the blushing lass, they sort of wished it wasnit. Then, too, there was all that water that flowed so freely at the mid-winter dance. Pk P? Pls 324 One day in the middle of the snowless winter, a lady came to live at Quarters Fox. Cuddles was quite the gal in her sailor suit with the NROTC in- signia. She got dirty pretty quickly and made a lot of noise for a little dog, but she became a fixture, and the instructors soon got used to having her in classes. The boys listened to a lot of good radio programs during study hours. That is, unless they presumably went to the library presumably to study. Those ses- sions after lights out meant a lot, and so did the hamburgers that someone always took a chance to sneak out for. The NROTCS spent much of their time: wonder- ing if they'd make Great Lakes or go on being ap- prentice seamen, marching off demerits on nice Sat- urday afternoons, drawing a weekend dose of D.O. when they least wanted it, worrying over how shiny their trousers were, trying to decide which tie to wear on a date and always ending up with the black one, counting weekends before the fifth, and coming back from leave broke, griping about Union dues, alias the One O,clock Bribe, and paying them after all, and getting Mills to cut their hair for two-bits. They gave the new plebes quite a banging around in the spring, and it was fun not to be on the banged end for a change. Yup, 'twas great all right-but man, how good that strip did look to the boys that finally made it. Pk 214 Captain John W. Gates ' W '!, Commanding Officers --Nav an XX Lieutenant Commander J. A. Walker, executive officer XX ,eevw S f F 5 Below, right to left: Lieutenant E. J. Erickson, V-I2 unit: Lieutenant R. H. Mattson. Naval ROTC: Lieutenant C. A. Hendee, USS Minnesota. 326 Unit Headquarters v -- Clockwise: Pioneer Hall, the V-I2 unit, "Leave us check over the list and see wl1o's late." Company E of the NROTC-fraternity houses still the same, except no saddle-shoes. Quarter-deck of the sl'1ip,tl1e USS Minne- sota. And on the farm campus, the 0.0.D.'s deck and switchboard forthe cooks and bakers. 327 Colonel Harry L. King S1 41 5 Qi-EMIS? Major W. C. Rindsland, executive officer. Commandin Officers- Arm Below, left to right: Captain R. K. Williams, San- ford Hall engineers, Captain R. S. Marvin, aclju- tant and ROTC, Captain L. C. Rolontz, AAFTTD Another part of Pioneer hall talcen over by the military, olifices of the pre-meteorology detachment sta- tioned here until spring this year. Unit Headquarters Major E. O. Sheldon, 88th CTD. Bottom: The boys in the stadium offices of the 83th malre with the orders and typewriters. Top military headquarters were in the Armory. Above: A conclave in Colonel King's oFfice. a 2' ' 4 we 'S ea 5' gk fm A D M ig III I fl AAA in Tramp, tramp, tramping in sunny Minnesota-up Church Street on the way to .morning classes. Right: "Well, this is what l told her . . ." time otli from the rigors ot studies for a slight bull-session The Arm Engineers from Sanford Hall The whistle squadron-largest unit on campus-at loose in back ot the Physics building. Right: Watch it, Joel Those things go off. Bottom right: A mad hunt for one with tour leaves-one way to pass that quiz. Below: Noth- ing but drill, drill, drill -day after day, allatime worli. l In the Working Hours Lett: Bernie Kulp, Lloyd Linn, Walt Giesler, and Ed Watterman -studying the hard way. Lett, below: Getting those problems done- in the experimental lab. Right: The stars of Company B perform for the crowd-top layer: Jacobs, Kano. Middle: Ephram, Blie- man, Pines: and those taking the brunt of it. Lehr, Kulp, Linn, Appleman. Below: inter- company track meet-Companies A and B. O O O ln the spring, a young man's and a Gl's head both turn . . to thoughts of love, etc. and the Loafing Hours -lux 1" ,1- ,X!,., Captain Gates escorts Admiral John Downes, commandant of the 9th Naval District, on a tour of inspec- tion of the campus navy units. Here they look over the Navy meds and dents lined up in 'front of Pioneer. Far right: "Miss America" gives condolences to Brick Waldron who was out of the game because of in- juries. Right: At the break of day-and before- the campus sailors routed out for dawn torture. .lune Day, I943, Lt. Com- mander Flynn, President Coffey and Don Yaeger lead the parade of cele- brities, including right to left: Mr. Willey, Lieuten- ant Mattson, Mrs. Phil Rush, Kay Markham, and Lieutenant Leicht. 334 Right: The Camel Caravan came to enter- tain the campus servicemen-music plus free cigarettes. Lower right: And one ot the best was the Jamboree that included Woody Herman's Woodchoppers-they swing out and the boys swing with them. l 0 Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps F543 jlygiiii J- V' Ve? 5, .,.:'.l mi They Train to Serve The Jamlzaorees included, besides headline stars from the Twin City theaters, local, campus, and navy talent that packed in the crowds every other Thurs- day. Lett: At the June Week ceremonies, Harold Morton receives his award from Commander Baer while Lieutenant Commander Flynn loolrs on. 335 AMSW K., M, ,559 .' Wit!!! Above: The great line-up at the Armory July I, 5943, when the campus V-I2 went into uniform tor the dura- tion. Although V-I2 was generally thought of as the engineers at Pioneer hall, the program actually in- cluded dental and medical students and the NROTC-although neither the "Nrotsies" or the V-I2ers would admit that they held the remotest resemblance to each other. Navy Engineers, Doctors, and Dentists... Pictured below is the most hated man in any unit-the bugler. Below: The physical training program lcept them all tit, and the boys had many names for the exercises they did - most of them not publishable. V-I2 Above: At first the campus sailors marched wellp then they just marched: and later on it anyone saw two of them walking together-in step-it was immediately recorded for history. At tirst, too, ancl just after they returned from the laundry the white uniforms looked tineg later, from a distance they looked fine- but only from a distance. But the boys were proud of them and had a right to be. .. .all were included in the campus navy Lowering the 'Flag at "Taps." Below: The ship's band could give with the music as well as any. Some ot its players were former protes sionals, but the membership was transient. The ice cream man was the busiesi in lhe unil, and Pioneer hall managed lzo corner lzhe major parl: of lzhe campus ice cream supply. Sailors and Slide-rule Above: "My gosh! We got colce-and il:'s almost an hour since he 'lillecl ill" Below: 'lwaich 'er roll." Awfully confident fellow. Below: AIS Gordon wields the slide-rule while his roommate does the liguring. And, bottom right, "Civilian life was never lilce this" -signing in after rushing to malle if on fime. 338 NT 'Xu Q B ,?' A W. And they say women are vain - more room needed in front of the mirror. Top right: A jam session complete with piano and clarinet -- a soft rendering of "Rotterdam Dutch." 88th College Trainin Detachment he day room in the Stadium-the men relax by watching the airplanes sway gently in the breeze. "Hey, throw me mine" - mail-call and the man in charge feels like Santa Claus. Below: "After the Ball ls Over" -or the week, as the case may be. Anyway, things always need much cleaning just before inspection. Arm Reserve Officers' Training Corps The studying in the army was tougher than in the good old days at the University-"Sna'fu," said the boys-which translated means "We wish we were in civilian clothes and could sit in the V all day"-they were in GI but they sat in the V all day. Below: Eden Rotes, Warren Jepson, and Bill Heaser giving the old slide-rule a workout. Above: And during study hours, the boys . . . studied-follow ing the good example set above by Bob "Muddles" Metcalf, Frank Ross, and Miles McNally. Below: Another kind of workout- the constant rush, rush, rush, lost many a chin: but Don Moberg does his best early in the morning. Bottom: Bill Heaser gives out with the usual line over a much-crowded phone while .lepson waits his turn. deal' Below: Typical scene cluring study hours- Ray Lindgren, a former Busi- c-ff ness student, demonstrates what the army taught him. Roommate Bill Hickey, another Business student, resplendent in striped bathrobe, leads the rest of the lads in a horse-laugh. 340 ff' "Can't stand this stuff!" Pete Patiolis, a former Arts student tinds it hard to overcome his revulsion-built up by the traditional Arts-Engineers feud. Former Students Come Hom -- For a Whil "Maybe I can get it by osmosis," Jack Bergren doodles between square- roots and logarithms. Cummings, Juntilla, Paulson, Fadner, and Westlund check in 'For their sheets and pillow-cases-without which no GI bunk is quite complete. Bottom: Lowell Nelson leads the toothbrush brigade- the boys figured it they could keep their eyes closed during that 'first morning half-hour it might possibly constitute extra sleep- their brains weren't working, either. Below: "What is it with this civilian life anyway?" Bryant Buck studies a Varga girl-just to see if he'cl like to send in for a calendar. 34l The old field day minutes before inspection time. Meliza picks a Just one ot the many ways of wasting army time - and army money. precious picture out of the accumulated mess and 'che boys Relaxing from the rigors of slide-rule activities, two of the men haven't threaten to sweep him up with it. I A I P P O E ' Loafing in "Murphy park"-no sense in hitting class until tive minutes after the bell rings. The boys have just picked them- Megs at the Union - in more ways than one, A healthy bunch Ol selves up from various sprawling positions preparatory to march- kids, the Augsburg men were never known to be late to a meal. U18 ln- And they liked Union food! 342 4 1 :hance as Jandl puts his jeep hat to practical use. Not having any "Mail call!" And the ASTP men appreciated letters from home eves to hide transient aces in, a soldier "at ease" has to be ingenious. as much as any soldier. Stationed Across the River at Augsburg Dick Burton -the most chronic user of the orderly room phone -takes time out from detail for a chat with "Shorty," The lad That awful hour of 6:30. Cleaning up before the morning march at the typewriter is undoubtedly pursuing nefarious purposes of of a mile lor IO, as they claimedl to the campus for breakfast. l1iS OWN -' writing l2HCfS OH Ofdefly dl-Ify. for ihSfHf'lC0- i ss 111. ,.f 4.11 2313 X .9 20 W 3, , ap wr 'f'-"A .'3Q':: 1 J 4 5 H 1 ' z is re 17 in Z! I-4 za zu z:- .M , ..., .N -,V I.. .. 27. IZ '2 6 I 8 9 4l5I5 212223 752930 3 4 I0 H I7 I3 2-1 . 31 .-...aww M mwr 3 .,. .,. -zz-1 roi Q .i ' u lu 19 Z3 27 71-3?!...FB,, 343 7 I 5152! nal -is, Not KP, but something very close to it. Looks as though everyone went out and left this fellow to take care of the barracks by himself- good training for a future doctor! Army Medical and Dental Units-- innesota Students, All Most of the medical and dental students at the University went into uniform along with the V-I2 and NROTC men on July l, I943. Many of them enlisted in the navy, but the majority went into the army. Junior and senior meds and dents had their choice of living quarters and drew down subsistence pay, but the freshmen and sophomores were stationed at Motley school and at Pioneer Hall. They had veryilittle military drill, and took only one or two courses in military training and traditions. But they worked hard in spite of it all-the regular technical course was tough enough to keep them busy until the call of "Lights out!" 344 T ERS A'A-FF'lECQPl3C?Ali.JT?aBNlN6 connmw P RE' METEOROLQGY Above: Leering at a skull late at night isn't an ideal past- time, but it's the only way to learn bone structure. Below: Ding Roholt gets in good with the pre-Met mascot.- one way to make sure of being unopposed when coming in late at night. Commanding officers at Pioneer were sometimes confused by the nonchalant air of some of the men-until they considered the shoulder patcheS and discovered meds instead of pre-Mets Above: Musicians in the crowd, too, the audience is either enthralled or grim. Below: Ah, yes, the old army game. lt's a sate bet these men knew the odds before they ever got into the army -having gone to the Univer- sity beforehand. Take your money oft the table, boys, the CO's coming - and the army trowns on gambling of any sort, naturally. The Campus Arm - ith Commissions Imost In Sight Below: The advantage ot discipline. In military life, they do their own mending-can't run to the CO 'For help. Bottom: It was even hard to find time to shave: but the army, and their girls, insisted on it. .f-"6 L 9 W.,-.--f-"" , 345 Thank You . . . Now that it's all over, We want to call attention to the people Who Worked with us in producing the 194141 Gopher. Without the help of these persons, the book would never have been published-even with their aid the out- come sometimes looked doubtful. But every book has its dark days and I Wish to extend my thanks to the following people for making them less dull: ENGRAVING: To Ray Rusk, Al Gage, and Joe Tillotson ot the Jahn 81 Ollier Engraving Co. tor their tine worlc and cooperation in setting up the boolc and in turning out the engravings. To Gordie Brightman, especially, ot the same company tor his suggestions, advice, and help when the going got tough, and tor his monotony-litting visits. COVERS: To the statl ot the David J. Molloy plant ot the S. K. Smith Co.: and A. A. Lubersky and Max Denna in particular tor their time and help in designing the cover ot the Gopher this year. PI-IOTOGRAPI-IY: To Jim Rustad, Johnny McGee, Irwin Doyne, and Scott Tyler who, in relay, did excellent jobs on the intormal photography. And to Rod Newburg and his stati tor their good worlc on the organization and senior pictures. Thanks, too, to Venning I-lollis ot Photo Lab tor the views shots and to George Luxton, Wayne Bell, Roy Swan, and Walt Lindeman ot the Minneapolis Star Journal Tribune tor the use ot their time tootball pictures. PRINTING: To W. O. Lund, Bill Lund, Jr., Nels Lundell, and Etta Miller, prootreader, lwho made many a page brighterl, and the rest ot the statt at Lund Press tor living up to their vow to get the Gopher out "come hell or high water." PRODUCTION: Most ot all to the statt ot the l944 Gopher who stuck with it until the bitter end, giving up their tree time and much ot their sleep to do the job up right. EXTRA: To members ot the Board ot Publications, and other morale-raisers, who con- tributed many extra added words and much wrong land rightl advice-all given treely and with the best ot intentions-and did much to cheer up the statt in times ot stress. To these people for their individual and collective help, I give my heartiest appreciation and thanks. Because of them the Gopher of 1944 was able to present a complete picture of the University. PHYLLIS KREMER, Editor' Aamodt, Virginia . ..... Aasland, Ruth ..... Abbott, Cleo .....A Abramson, Palmer . . . Abrohams, Robert R.. . . . Adair, Marjorie ...,.. Adams, Margaret .... Adams, Robert F.. . . . Addington, Alice ..., Aichele. Charlene .... Alcott, Floyd ....,..... Aldsworth, William .... Alford, Frances ..... Amerongen, Fred ,... Anderson, Donald . . . Anderson, Exine ..... Anderson, Dorothy . . . Anderson, Gordon E.. . . . Anderson, Harriet ..,. Anderson, janet . . . Anderson, joan ...... Anderson, Miriam ..... Anderson, Mary Ruth . . . Anderson, Richard .....,..., . . . , Robert Russell .,,.. . . . Anderson, Anderson Walter L. ....... . . . Annand, Albert D. ...... . Arnason, Arla Mae ,.... Arnold, Helene ...... Aronson, joyce .... Ayars, Phyllis . . . B Babcock, Dean H. . . . . Baer, Donald F.. . . . Baer, Helen .,... Bailiff, Norma . . . Balboa, Barbara . . . Ballow, Camille .,... Banovetz, Bernard . . . Barbosa, jeanne . .. Bard, Allan ..... Barlin, Lorraine ..... Barnard, Barbara ...,.. Barnard, George L. .... . Barnhardt, Patricia . . . Barr, Merry ......... Barron, Fred Earl ..... Barth, Marian ..... Barton, john ...... Battles, Elizabeth .... Bauser, Francis ..., Beck, Marvyl .,.... Behrendt, Miriam .... Belford, Lois ..,... Belgum, David .,.. Bender, jenane .... Bennett, Barbara . . . Bennett, Barbara . . . Benning, Harold . . . Benson, jewells ....,.. Benson, joyce . ......... . . . Benson, Marjorie . ...,.... , . . . Benson, Marjorie Twedt .... . . . Berg, Harriet ........... . . . Berg, Ahdele ...... Bergh, jean ......... Berletson, Mary Lou. . . Berlin, Lee M. .......... . . . Bernet, Barbara jeanne ..... . . . Bertike, Edith ........ Bezat, Alexander G.. . . . 92 72 124 84 100 126 92 100 149 72 134 72 92 124 92 92 138 100 78 138 138 149 84 134 100 100 100 92 138 138 92 100 100 126 92 138 138 84 138 84 119 138 100 126 92 100 124 78 138 100 138 72 92 138 138 84 138 92 84 138 138 138 138 138 92 72 100 138 72 100 Senior Index Bird. Elizabeth .... ,. . 138 Bishe, Marian ...... . . . . . . 92 Bishop, Rollis john ,,... . . . 100 Bjorness, Carol ...... . . . 224 Blazek, Louis ..... . . . 100 Bloomgren, Carol ,... . . . 138 Bloomquist, Betty .... . , , 92 Blumenfeld, L. .... . . . 72 Bohne, Quentin . . . . .. . 100 Bolduc, Shirley .... , , , 72 Bollman, Elizabeth . . . . . . 138 Boulgcr, Elizabeth . . . . . . 72 Borak, jan .,...... ... 138 Boyd, Bonnie ..... . . . 138 Boyd, H. james ,... . . . 100 Boylan, Patricia .... . . . 92 Boyles, Edith ...... . . . 138 Bralush, johanna .... . . . 138 Brandis, Lois ...... . 72 Brandt, janet ,...., . . . 92 Brandt, Marjorie . , . . .. 72 Brasten, Betty .... . . . 84 Bravis, Elaine .... . . . 92 Breever, M. jane ..,... . . . 72 Bricker, Elizabeth ,... . . . 139 Brin. Charles ..,... ,. . 139 Brown, Berton . . . . . 100 Brix, Arlene . . . . . . 92 Broker, jean ....,. . . . 92 Brooks. Marjorie . . . . . . 92 Bruce, Robert G. ..... . . . 100 Buchholz, Bob ........ . 72 Buck, Willard Bryant ,... . . . 100 Bue, Ruth ............ ... 126 Burley, janet ........ . . . 72 Burns, Carol . .. .. . 139 Burt, Lois ..,... . 92 Burt, john A. ........ .. . 100 Busch, Mary Ann ..... . . . 78 Bye, Nina .......... . 72 C Caldwell, Donna ..... . 72 Cardinal, Stanley .... . 84 Carlson, Eunice ..... . . . 124 Carlson Margaret .... . . . 72 Carlson, Myron .... . . . 100 Carlson, Robert .... . , . 149 Carlson, Roger V. .... . . . 100 Carlton Roberta L.. . , . . . 92 Carton, Ruth I. ...... . . . 78 Carver, Maurice R. ..... . . . 100 Cavenaugh, Thomas H.. . . . . . 100 Cedarleaf, jack .,...... . . . 78 Cersonsky, Solomon .... . . . 139 Cetola, Stella ...,.... . . . 92 Chandonnet, Marian .... . . . 78 Chernausek, Lois ......, . . . 126 Christensen, Leonard W. .... . . . 100 Christensen, Marlyn ..... . . . 119 Christenson, E. ...,.... . . . 72 Christiensen, Earl .... . . . 101 Chute, Betty ...... . . . 149 Claar, Margaret ..... . . . 139 Clapper, Dorothy .... . . . 92 Clark, joan ....... . . . 139 Clark, Vega ,........ .. . 126 Cleland, Marjorie E. .... . . . 78 Cleveland, Anne ..... . . . 139 Colesworthy, Paul .... . . . 78 Colin, Margaret . . . . . . 139 Combacker, Alice .... . . . 78 Conners, Elaine ...... . . . 124 Cooney, Lorraine .... . . . 139 Cooper, Mary L ...... Corcoran, james M.. . . Cornwall, Erra ..... Cornwall, Shirley .... Coron, Donald .... Corwin, Marjorie .... Counter, Virginia .... Cowie, Miriam ...... Coykendall, Gladys .. Coyner, Ailie ........ Crawford, Willard' . . . Crosby, Elizabeth ,... Cuday, Marguerite . . . Cumberland, Virginia Cupper, Helen ...... Curtin, john ..... Cutler, Eleanore . . . Cutler, Margaret ..... D Dahlquist, Blanche . . . Dalldorf, Arlyn ..... Daly, Elaine ...... Daly, Margaret ...... Daniman, Gilbert H.. . Dapper, Gloria ...... Dawson, Roberta ..... Dean, Albert ........ Dennis, Ward Brainerd .... Derksen, Dirk ....... DeRuyter, john ..... Desalvo, Angeline .... Deuser, Worrell ..... DeVries, Marjorie . . . . DeWar, Helen .... Dienst, Delores .... Diersen, Norbert A.. . . Dinesen, Eliner .... Dobrin, Saxe ..... Dodge, Florence . . . Doell, james F.. . . . Doherty, jane ....... Donehower, Clifford . Dougherty, William R obert. .... . . . Dowell, Ruth ,......... .... . . . Due, Marjorie ....... Duebendorf, Dorothy ..... Duncan, Russell C. .... . Durboch, Merth ..... Durkee, Philander . .. Dye, Marie ......... Dytert, Helen ......... E Eastman, Nora ......,. Ecklund, Raymond D.. . . Edlancl, Lucille ...... Edsberg, Robert L.. . . . Edwards, Sherman . . . Eichers, Eleanore . .. Eichhorn, Susan . . . Einan, Henry ...... Ekman, Bernard . . . Ekren, Marguerite . . . Elmquist, Carl W.. . . . Elmquist, Clarelia A.. . . . Elving, Carl ......... Elwood, Elaine ..... Emerson, Ruth A.. . , . Emmington, Betty . . . Engberg, Virginia .... Engdahl, john XV.. . .. Engdahl, Richard E.. . .. 139 101 139 92 84 92 124 92 126 72 101 93 93 126 139 84 72 72 149 93 84 84 101 149 93 101 101 84 72 124 101 139 72 126 101 101 101 93 101 139 84 101 139 124 72 191 139 101 139 140 78 101 140 101 101 72 140 84 101 93 84 78 102 126 93 124 140 102 102 347 Feir, M. ......... . Engebretson, Carol . . . Engelhardt, Richard .... Engvall, Arthur E. ...... . Ericksen, Leif William .... Erickson, Annabelle .... Erickson, Carl ........ Erickson, Winifred M.. . . . Erten, Mehmet H. ..... . Eskedahl, Iean ......i Espeseth, Evelyn . . . Evert, Robert ..... Eyler, Monie . . . . . . F Fairfield, Helen ......... Falkenstrom, Edward .,.. Fattore, Ida .,..,...... Fawcett, Alice ..., Felepe, I. Rebecca Ferron, Daniel ..... Fett, Elsie ,.,.,... . Fisher, Hermoine .... Fleming, Robert E.. . . Flora, Elaine ...... Foutch, Iean .,... Fox, Betty I. ....,.... . Frank, Mariellen ......., Frankasky, Eleanor B.. . , . Fritzel, Shirley ........ Frykman, Iean ..,... Fuller, Betty Lou 4.... G Gaarder, Robert ...., Gallian, Martha . . . Gangness, Leonard . . . Gaspar, Pat ....... Gasser, Harriet ....,. Gee, Harold William .... Geelan, George G. ....... . Geh rig, Leo ..........,. Giantvalley, Ierome Robert ,,... . . . Giebenhain, Margaret .r.. Gilbertson, Dennis ..,..., Gilchrist, Elizabeth . . . Giles, Gloria ..... Gilkey, Edwin ,,.. Gillman, Louis .... Gilman, Iohn M.. . . Gladish, Ieanne . .. Gleason, Donald G.. . . Gleason, George . . . Gleason, Helen ...... Gold, Betty ......,.... Goldberg, Perry Daniel. . . Goldfarb, Allan S. ..... . Goldhammer, Phillip I.. . . Gonyea, Lloyd ........ Goodman, Cordelia ..., Goodman, Milton .... Goodrich, Iune ..,. Goodrich, Mary I. . . Gordon, Ioan ..,. Gordon, Melvin .... Goslin, Cecelia ...... Gottfried, Evelyn ...... Gould, Mary Helen ..... Gousten, Morton .... Gustafson, Ruth . . . Greer, P. M. .,,...,.. . Greenwald, Daniel I., . . . Gresczyk, Frank .,... Gridley, Ronald G. . .. Griffin, Mary Iean ..,. Griggs, Iune ..,........ Grismer, Raymond S.. . . . 348 Groebner, Willard .,..... Grohs, Roger H. .,....... . Grundman, Natalie Barbara ...., . . Grunditz, Donald W. .... . Gulbranson, Mary ........ Guthrie, Robert ..... Guthrunz, Dorothy ..,. H Haack, Iohn . ,. .... Haas, Iuliana . . . Haedge, Carl . . . Hageman, Iean . . . Hagen, Alice ,.,,... Hagen, Richard M.. . . Haining, Iames M. ..... . Hall, Betty ..,.,.,...... Halvorson, Mary Adeline.. Hammel, Richard F. ..... . Hammersten, Iack H.. . . Hansberger, Klara . . . Hansen, Cora ..,.,. Hanson, Idele .... Hardin, Warren . , . . Harris, Iean ...... Harris, Lloyd S. .... . Harris, Louise M.. . . . Harris, May ...... Hass, Katherine , . . Hatling, Avona ..... Hatter, Eileen G.. . . . Hazen, Iamcs A.. . . . Hegna, Raymond , . . Hegvold, Betty . . . Heiertz, Iohn ,... Heil, Mary ,...,.,.. Helgeson, Charlotte . . . Helmick, Harris .....,. Hendrickson, Roland . . . Heneman, Betty ....... Hcnningson, Margaret .... Henry, Margaret ...... Henry, Ruth ..... Hesby, Alvin T. ..., . Hessian, Mary H.. . . . Hetsig, Charles G. .... . Hilgar, Mary ..... Hill, Ethel .......,. Hire, Harland K.. . . . Hofmeyer, Babeta ...,. Hoffman, Charles A.. . . . Hogan, Carol Lee .... Hogan, Iohn W.. . . . Holden, Leonard . . . Holman, Polly ..,.... Holmberg, Berton A.. . . . Holst, Florence ....... Hovde, Shirley ..... Horn, Alice ...... Hornung, Kay ..... Horstmann, Helene . House, Ieanie . .,,. . Howard, Iames ..... Huettmir, Mildred . . Humiston, Iane .,.. Hunselman, Mary . . . Huse, D. A. ,...... . Hutchinson, Richard llenda, Frank P. . . . . Iverson, Bernice ..... J Iannessen, Iris Mae.. Iassoy, Shirley . . . , . 84 106 78 106 93 124 141 103 141 84 124 149 103 103 124 93 103 103 94 134 124 141 125 103 78 141 134 94 78 78 121 124 103 149 124 141 73 94 141 73 73 103 94 103 141 94 103 141 103 93 103 94 141 103 124 73 149 141 84 127 84 124 125 141 94 84 103 73 94 125 Iebb, Evelyn ...,.... Iensen, Howard ..... Iensen, Mary Elizabeth .... . . Iohnson, Ardietta .... Iohnson, Betty Lee . . . Iohnson, Elizabeth . . . Iohnson, Harriet .... Iohnson, Helen ...... Iohnson, Iohnadelle .. Iohnson, Ioyce ...... Iohnson, M. Tudine. . . Iohnson, Marcia ..... Iohnson, Margaret . . . Iohnson, Margaret . . . Iohnson, Maryann K.. Iohnson, Robert I.. . . . Iohnson, Robert R.. . . Iohnson, Roger A.. . . Iohnson, Vernon .. . Iolinston, Eleanore . . . Iorgenson, Helen . . . Ioseph, Betty ..... Iudd, Cornelius . .. Iung, Paul .,..... Iuntilla, Harriet .... Iuster, Ruby ...... Iuster, Sara ...,. . . . K Kaeder, Edward ..... Karlson, Karl ....... Kanerva, I. Robert. .. Karpentcr, Russell . . . Kegel, Anita ..... Kehorn, Pat ..... Keller, Adrian . .. Kelly, Margaret ..... Kilstofte, Lois ...... Kemppainen, Arthur . Kennon, Martha ..... Kersten, Donald ..... Kirche, Lawrence G.. . Kirkpatrick, Barbara . . Kloss, Donald ...... Knauf, K. ,.... . Kochsiek, Ken .... Kock, Harry H. .... . Kohlbry, Mary Kay. . . Korda, Lawrence . . . Korosek, Amelia . . . Korsmo, Robert F.. . . Koski, Viena ....... Koslik, Robert ....... Kotonias, Theodore I.. Kraus, Alfons ....... Krause, Warren I.. . . Kremer, Phyllis .... Krueger, Iack . . . Kruse, Drilla ..... Kruse, Robert E.. . . Kueck, Marjorie ,... Kurzeka, William I.. . . Kvalness, Clifford . . . Kybon, Shirley ...,,. L Lampi, Rufus ....... Lang, Howard I. . . . Lang, Inez ......... Langland, Barbara . . . Langpap, Howard C.. . Langum, Arlene .... Lantz, Edward . . . Larsen, Helen . . . Larson, Glenn . . . Larson, Richard .. Larson Vernon L.. . . 94 85 78 94 94 73 127 125 141 94 94 141 94 125 78 103 103 103 85 149 125 141 134 103 141 141 125 73 125 104 104 94 141 104 141 94 104 141 104 104 94 104 73 78 104 74 85 95 104 74 104 104 104 104 141 104 125 104 95 104 104 125 85 104 95 95 104 78 104 141 104 85 104 Latz, Grant ....., Leadon, Eugene I.. . . Lechner, Edgar ..... Leef, Charles Richard Lepich, Robert Iohn. Lepisto, Martha .,.. Lerner, Ravina ...., Levenson, Milton . . . Levey, Margaret ,... Levorson, Alton G.. . Liebenberg, Doris . . . Lindemann, Gordon Lindgren, William . . Lindholm, Ianet ..,. Lindquist, Mabel . . . Lindstrom, Donald . . Linne, Earl R. ..... . Lindsay, Douglas . . . Linsley, Ruth . ..... Linsmayer, Helen . . . Linsmayer. Robert M. Ljung, Byron ...... Loney, Richard ..... Loonan, Carola A.. . . Lovedahl, Barbara .. Luby, Jewell .....,, Ludolph. Marion .... Luedke, Elsabe . . . Luehrs, Robert ..... Lund. Constance .,.. Lundahl, Walter N.. . Lundeen, Elizabeth . Lundstrom, Leslie . . . M Mark, Melvin . . . . . Martin, Ieanne ..... Marvin, Marjorie . . . Mathwich, H. Robert. Matson, Charles E.. . . Mattos, Matilde ..... Mattson, Iane O.. . . . Maves, Lucille . . . Mayer. Fred .,... Mayerle, Virginia . . . Mayfield, Vivian .... McCracken, Doris . . . McCullough, Stuart . McEnary, Elizabeth . McFarland, Gladys . , McGinn, Betty Ann . . McHugh, Richard . . . Mclntosh, Marilyn A. McKusick, Laura . . . McMiller, Iohn Robert. . . . . McQuire, William W. MeVey, Mary ....... Mehl, Margaret ..... Meister, Helen ..... Melin, Harold R., . . . Mellgren, Leonard P.. Merkert, Catherine . . Meuleners, Robert . . . Meyers, Pat ........ Meyers. Wallace K.. . Michelson, Warden . . Mille, Martha ...... Miller, Dorothy . . . Miller, Harvey A.. . . . Miller, Iune ...... Miller, Mildred . . . Miller, Neil . , . . . Miller, Robert ...... Miller, Sherman .... Mills, Mary ...... Mitton, Daryl G.. . . . Moden. Alfred ...... Mogran, Kenneth W. 149 104 85 104 104 95 141 104 141 104 141 142 142 142 127 85 105 125 95 142 105 105 105 95 95 141 142 142 95 142 105 95 105 105 95 125 105 105 127 79 142 85 74 142 74 105 142 142 142 142 95 149 105 105 142 142 127 105 105 95 105 127 105 85 95 95 105 95 125 105 106 85 142 105 79 106 Mohn. Newton C.. , . Monahan, Raymond E. .... .. Monick, Ieane ...... Morgan, David F. . . . Morgan, Perry . . . Moritz, Ieanne . . . Morse, Elwin . . . Moses, Leo ...,., Mosier, Leo D. ..... . Mueller, Robert ..... Muilenburg, Loretta . Murphy, Eloise ..... Murray, Marjorie . . . Murrell, Charles M.. . Muzetras, Michael .. N Nantkes. Ruth . . . .. Nash, Ruth Cole .... Nasetli. Evelyn . . . Nelson . Agatha . . . Nelson, D. E. .,.... . Nelson, Dorothy .,.. Nelson, Dorothy ..,. Nelson, Dudley . . . Nelson, Francis .. Nelson, Ieanne ..... Nelson, 1. Winston.. Nelson, Lucille ..... Nelson, Marian . .. . Nelson, Renee ...... Nelson. Richard Nelson , Virginia Mae. Neumann, Alvin ....... . . Neumartz, Rose Marie Neumeier, Karl E.. . . Newman, Melba .... Nims, Robert ....... Niskawaara, Alyce .. Nixon, Iean ........ Nolan, Phillip A.. . .. Nord, Oscar .... . Nord, Phyllis . . . Nordeen, Lois ...... Nolden, Edward .... Norell, Robert G.. , . . .. .. Norman, Wallace D.. . . . . . Novak, Harry ...... Nyquist, Iane . . .... . . O Oates, Cecelia ......,. . . O'Brien, Hugh Iohn .... . . O'Connell, Daniel ...... . . Odegard, Eleanor H. .... . . Odegard, Ruth ...,... . . Olson, Arthur ...... Olson, Audrey . . . Olson, Elaine ...... Iohn C. ........ . . Olson, Olson, Kenneth A.. . . Olson, Miles B. ,.... . Olson, Paul E.. . . . Olson, Robert C. .... . Olson, Robert W.. . . . Olson, Victor W.. . . . Orlick, Peter L.. . . Orr, Burton ...... Orr, Kathleen .... Orvis, Betty ..,. Ostrow, Pearl . . . Overn, Vivian ........ . . P Pacholke, Allen .... Pallison, Iune . . . . 106 106 142 106 106 142 85 85 106 106 95 79 79 79 134 95 142 125 74 106 74 142 85 125 142 106 127 142 142 106 95 85 134 106 85 85 95 79 106 85 95 74 85 106 106 106 127 125 106 121 79 74 74 109 109 86 74 109 107 107 107 107 107 125 142 142 142 142 86 143 Pallister, Philip . . . Palmer, Catherine . . . Palmer, Shirley . , . Pankow, Shirley .... Parke, Carol ....... Parriott, Wayne E.. . . Parsons, Kenneth C.. Patnob, Delores ..... Patterson, Arlene . . . Peachman, Lloyd . . . earson, Barbara . . . . Pearson, George F.. . . Peck, Verne A.. . .. Peet, Berdyne . , . 15 Perry, Barbara ...... Perry, Iohn ........ Persson, N. Leonard. Peternell, Shirley . . . Peterson, Donna .... Peterson, Dorothy . . . Peterson, Ieannette . . Peterson, Keith A.. . . Peterson, Laura Mae. Peterson Mildred L.. a Phelps, Ruth ....... Piazzi, Berna ....... Picard, Lloyd D.. . , . Pinl-ci, Yvonne .... Pohl, Eileen ....... Polinsl-Li, Ieanne .... Polucci, Betty .... Pond, Iudson S.. . . Portz, Helen ..,.. Potwell, Grace .... Powell, Ellen ....... Prebonic, Marie .... Pressman, Harold A.. Primmer. Frances . . . Proszek, Edward L.. . Pulckila. Arnold O.. . Q Quast, Iohn . . . . . Quick, May ...... Quie, Alice ........ Quigley, Margaret .. Quinn, Elizabeth . .. R Raak, Fred R. .... . . . Rachie, Helen ...... Radabough, Virginia Radichel, Marilyn . . Radke, Elizabeth .... Rayman, Fred ...... Reasoner, Margaret . . Reed, Thomas A.. . . . Reliing, Owen ...... Richter, Elizabeth .. Riedesel, Waynette E. Ring, Harold F. .... . Roach, Eileen ....,. Robbins, Elizabeth . . Robinson, Gail ..... Roble, Marilyn ..... Rochen, Herbert D.. . Rogers, Mary ...... Rommel, Nell Louise. . . . Rose, Warren R.. . . . Rosecrans, Fred Keith. . . . . . . Rosenbaum, Marian . Ross, Marjorie . ,.... Rossman, Iean . , . Rudesill, Ruth .... Rumble, Mary . . . Rupert, Edward I.. . . 125 95 143 126 95 107 107 143 127 143 95 107 107 127 143 126 149 74 86 149 96 107 79 96 96 143 149 126 96 127 143 107 143 95 74 126 86 127 107 107 86 143 96 143 96 107 143 143 96 79 86 74 107 107 74 96 107 96 126 126 143 107 143 96 107 107 143 96 96 79 143 107 349 Sahagian, Sada ......... .... 144 Rush, Helen ,...... Rustad, Iames R.. . . . Ryan, Frank 4... . Ryan, Patrick . . . Ryan, Rosemary .. Rydell, Edward A.. . . Rykken, Esther .,..,.. . , S Saari, Natalie ........ . . Sacrider, Lynfield . . . St. Vincent, Iohn VV. ..... . . . . Salminen, Eileen ..... . . Sande, Iohn ......., Scanlon, Robert M. ,.,. , . . . Schafer, Mary Iean .,,,,. .... Schellenberger, Ruth . . . . . . . . Scherman, Thomas ..,. .... Scherven, Betty ..... Schmidt, Elizabeth .... . . Schmiege, Ruth C.. . . Schmitt, Wilma . . . Schneider, Carl ..,.... . . Scholtes, Cleta ........,. . . Schreiner, Lawrence C. .... . . . . Schroeder, Dorothy ..... . . . . Schuler, Llewellyn C. .... . . . . Schultz, Michael C. ,... . . . . Schultz, Nina ...... Schultz, William ...... ..., Schumacher, Iohn ,... .... Schumacher, Phyllis . . . . . . . Schumann, Lucille ..... .. Schwab, Ierome Ioseph ..,. ..., Searing, Marjorie ....... .... Segal, Rose E. ......,. . . . . Serum, Sigrid . . . Seward, Irene .,... Shannon, Aileen .... Shifllett, Iune M.. . . . Siegel, Maxine . . . Silverman, Estelle . . . Silverman, Pauline .. Simmons, Ioan ..... Simon, Stanley E.. . . Simonetti, Gloria . . . Simpson, Norine . .. Sisson, Anita ,... Sioselius, Sarah ..., Skocdopole, Maxine . . . . . . . Slatky, lack E. ...,. . Slone, Milton .... Smith, Lois ........ Smith, Merrill R.. . . . Snider, Warren L.. . . Solheim, Esther . . . 350 143 10 7 .... 121 86 96 86 96 74 143 149 107 74 86 107 144 149 144 96 74 96 127 86 74 107 79 108 108 96 86 126 12, 86 106 144 79 126 144 74 96 96 74 144 86 106 96 86 96 144 96 106 106 96 79 106 144 Sowyrda, Alexander , .. Speth, Robert F. ..... . Staflord, Martha ...... Stahmann, Iames R., . . Stenberg, Russell ..,.,. Stenehjem, Ralph W., . . Sterling, William E. . , . Sterner, Marie ....., Stickles, Margaret ..... Stickney, Truman M.. . . Stone, Robert G. ...... . Stoppel, Marcelyn ...... Streff, Laurence Nicholas, . . . . . . Stribley, Margaret ...., Stricmer, Galen . .... .. Stubbleheltl, Ollie ..,... Sullivan, Swanson, lane Frances. . . Donald H.. . . Swanson, Ioan ..... Swanson, Loren E.. . , . Swanson, Ona M. . .. Swenson, Ralph . ,..., Swenson Robert E.. . . . Syreen, Anna M.. . . . T Taber, Mary ,... . . . Taragos. Helen .... Taylor, Edith S.. . . . Taylor, Enid ...... Taylor, lack E. ..... . Tender, Howard . . . Tester, Marilyn Thayer, Iames A.. . . . Thielicke, Jean .... Thomas, Thomas, lean ....,. Mary ....... Thomassian, Margaret .. Thompson, H. Webster. . Thorgrinson, Norma . . . Thornbury, Kenneth L.. Timberg, Dorothy ..... Tingquist, Stanley ..,. Tomasek, Margaret . .. Topic, Irene ....... Traphagen, Ieanne .... Trapp, Marian . .... Trboyevich, Goldie Trotvattan, Iune .... Truog, Helen ...., Tucker, Barbara . . . Turek, Arthur ..... Turner, Robert F. . . . Turner, Robert L.. . . Tvedt, Agnes E.. . . . Twedt, Mary ..... Tweeten. Marian . . . 106 106 96 106 74 106 107 65 108 108 108 96 108 96 79 126 79 108 144 108 96 79 86 74 144 144 96 127 108 86 86 108 126 97 144 108 144 108 74 108 144 97 97 126 144 75 75 126 86 108 108 86 121 97 U Uber, William I. ......., . Underwood, Warren Henry Utne, Helen ............ V Valine, Maurice R.. . . Vanderholf, Lewis . . Van Ost, Iohn ...... Van Rohr, Daphne .... Veker, Stanley .... Volcl, Ardell ....... Vollbrecht, Ieanne ..., Volp, Clarence Robert .... von De Linde, Edith ..... Voss, Rosemary ...... W Wagner, Fred C. ..... . Vlfagner, Lavonne . . VVaiss, Ed ........ Waite, Doris ....... Wall, Gaylord ........ Wangness, Ronald .,.. Warner, Richard G.. . . . Warren, Margaret . . . VVeaver, Gwen .... XVebster, D. E. .... . Welscher, Robert . . . W'est. Barbara ........ W'esthoFf, Harold E.. .. Whaley, Iohn L.. . . . Wildung, Virginia .... Wile, Betty ........ Willett, Donald ....... Williams. Roger C.. . . . Williamson, Lucille . . . Wilshusen, Russell E.. . . . Wingert, Stella ..... Winker, Dan E.. . . . YVolf, Elsie ....... NVolH, Mary M.. . . . VVorkman, Leland .. Y Yetter, Ruth ......... Youngquist, Iohn . . . Youngren, Fred R.. . . . Z Zemlin, John C.. . . . Zigler, Verlie . . . . A Abraham, Gordon , , , . ACACIA ........ Activities ....... Adams, VVarren ....,. . . . Administration . . ,,,.. . , . . Agriculture, college of. .... Ag Student Council .... , Ag Union Board ...... AIChE .....,.,.. AIEE .,...,. Air Corps .......,.,. All U Council ,......... 66 ....157, 182 209 304 22,23, 66, 67 ....25-27, 70 ......2-1,65 ...,..216 ...,.38.115 .....39,115 ....313, 339 .,....24, 65 ALPHA CHI OMEGA. ., .... 165. 192 ALPHA CHI SIGMA ..., ..... 3 8, 110 ALPHA DELTA PHI .,.. ..,,. 1 57, 182 ALPHA DELTA PI ....., ..,.. 1 65, 192 ALPHA DELTA THETA .,...,. 50, 130 ALPHA EPSILON PHI ........ 166, 193 ALPHA GAMMA DELTA ,..... 166, 193 ALPHA KAPPA GAMMA ........ 32, 87 ALPHA KAPPA PS1 ......, ..,. 2 9, 80 ALPHA OMICRON PI .... .,.. 1 67, 194 ALPHA PHI ........... .... 1 67, 194 ALPHA TAU DELTA ...,.,.,.. 50, 130 ALPHA TAU OMEGA ............ 158 ALPHA XI DELTA ..,... .... 1 68, 195 ASCE ......,....... ..... 3 9. 110 Anderson, Lila Mae .... ...... 2 34 Anderson, Theodore . . . . . . . 234 Andrews, Eugene .......,.....,... 259 Armstrong, Larry ...,.. 297 ASTP. . .316-320, 332, 333, 342, 344, 345 AWS ...,.,..,....... 219, 220, 246-249 ' 269 Athletics .......,............,... Avery, Charles ..,...,,... B Babcock, Dean ,....,,. Babcock, Edmund ,... Baglien, Duane ..,.. Baseball ,.... .... 288, 290, 291 .. 250 239 294 280 Basketball .,...,.......... 278, 293-295 Benson, Marjorie ..,.............. 252 Benson, Marjorie Twedt .,... .... 2 D4 BETA ALPHA PSI ...... 29 BETA GAMMA SIGMA .... .... 2 9, 81 BETA THETA PI .,.......,... 158, 183 Blitz, Dean Anne Dudley ....,..... 247 Bloomquist, Iean .....,. Bonbright, Iack ......., Boynton, Ruth E. ,... . Brailowsky, Alexander .. Brain, Phil , ..,....,. . Bratland, Leona .,.... Bratnober, Harry . . . Brenner, Harry . . . Briscoe, Nancy .,,.. Buchta, I. William. , . . Buck, Bryant ...... Burton, Dick .,....... 243 .. 305 .. 123 .. 206 304 234 ..297 ..259 ..260 149 341 343 Business, School of ....,.... .t.. 2 8, 76 Business Women's Bussey, William H. ..... , C Campus Chest ......, Cap and Gown Day. . . Carlson, Phyllis ,,.. Carlson, Robert ....,. Carpenter, 'Walter CHI EPSILON ..... Club .... ,... 3 0, 80 137 ....23Z, 233 ....24, 61 267 ....256, 257 255 115 General Index CHI OMEGA . .. CHI PSI ....... Christianson, Ruby Clareson, Tom ,. Clark, Barbara .. . CLO VIA ..,... ....168,19J ....159, 183 .,... .242 262 66 ....27, 75 Clubbe, Oliver ..,...,......,..... 264 Coffey, Walter C. Coflman Union. . . Cohn, Sherman . 217, 218, 240-242 , .......,.. 252 Cole, Carol ,..,.. .... .... 2 5 3 Cole, Mary ........... .... 2 56 Collison, Bob .................... 288 COMBACKER, ALICE ,........... 255 Comstock Hall ...,..... 177 204, 205 Cooney, Lorraine . . , ..,.,...... . 258 COOPS ..........,...... 178 204, 205 D DAILY .,... .... . 224, 225, 254 Dale, Kay .... ....,.. 2 34 Daley, Bill ..... . ..... 289 Danaher, lean ,... .... , . 262 Dapper, Gloria . . . ...... . 256 Debate .....,.......... .. 213, 234 DeField, lack ....,.....,.. ...... 3 02 DELTA DELTA DELTA ...., 169, 196 DELTA GAMMA ..,........ 170, 196 DELTA PHI DELTA ........ .56, 147 DELTA SIGMA DELTA ..... ..32, 87 DELTA TAU DELTA. .. ... 159, 184 DELTA UPSILON .,,,, .. 160, 184 DELTA ZETA ...,,. .. 170, 197 Densforcl, Katharine ..... . 123 Dentistry, college of ...,. . . . ,31, 82 Diehl, Harold S. ,..... .... 1 23 Downs, Iohn .......... ..., 3 34 Dreher, Al .,.......,... .... 2 57 Drommerhausen, Ruth .... ,... 2 58 Dyste, Ioan ....,..... ..., 2 53 E Education, college of .... ...... 3 4, 90 Engdahl, Dick ......... .... 2 59, 308 Engineering, college of ........... 36, 98 Engineers' Day .........., 230, 264, 265 ' 237 English, Marion .... ........... Erickson, E. I. . .. .,... . . 326 Erickson, Wally ...... , ...... 255 ETA KAPPA NU . ,,..... ...... 3 9, 116 ETA SIGMA UPSILON .... . . , ,35, 97 Evans, Dick ..........., , . . . 298 Eyler, Monie .......... .... 2 51 F Ferguson, Donald . . , . . . . .. Football .............. 273-277, 289- Fraser, Everett , , , .. ..,.. FRATERNITIES , . . ,... 156, Freshman W'eek .... .,... 2 29, Forum ............., . . . , G GAMMA DELTA .,.......,. GAMMA OMICRON BETA. , , GAMMA PHI BETA ,.... .... Garnaas.Br1l ,.,,, .... , , . .2 Gates, Iohn .....,.. , . General College ...... .... Giantvalley, Robert . . . 207 292 ....... 121 189, 190 262, 263 ...,... 264 56, 145 171, 197 171, 198 88, 289. 292 ....... 325 .44, 118 ., 259, 308 Gilbcrtson, Arne Giles, Al ....,..... Girton. Katherine . . . Gish, Lillian ...,, Golf . ,....... . . . Goodman, Deeda . , . GOPHER ........ ..... Grant, Angus , . . Graziger, Bob . . . GREY FRIARS . . , Grifhth, Merton ...... Grismer, Raymond .....282, 300 242 206 206 303 264 223, 251-253 307 301 ....59, 150 236 266 ...263, Grossman, Frank .... . 300 Gym Team . ........ .... 2 99 H Hagen, Eleinore ..,... .... 2 58 Handee, C. A. ........ .... 3 26 Harding, Mary Kay .... .... 2 64 Hawley, Dorothy . . . . . , . 255 Henry, Margaret , . . ........ . 249 Higgins, Ray ..,.. ......,... 2 42 Hockey ........ .... 2 77, 296, 297 Holt, Corinne ,. .......,. 236, 237 Homecoming , . . . .... 230, 265, 266 I Institute of Aero Sciences ......., 40, 111 Intramurals ..,.,..... 283, 284, 305-308 INTER-FRATERNITY COUNCIL 156, 261 INTER-PROFESSIONAL COUNCIL ............ 117, 180, 261 IRON WEDGE ...., ,..,.. 5 9, 150 J Janel, Dick ..,...... .... 3 42 Iennings, Arthur B. .... .... 2 07 Iohnson, Bettye .... .... 2 51 Iohnson, Harry ..... ,... 3 O2 Iohnson, Kenneth . . . . . 295 luster, Ruby ......... . . . 254 K KAPPA ALPHA THETA ,...... 172, 198 KAPPA DELTA ........ . . .172, 199 KAPPA ETA KAPPA .......... 40, 111 KAPPA KAPPA GAMMA ...... 173, 199 KAPPA KAPPA LAMBDA .,.,... 56, 145 KAPPA PHI ............ ..,... 5 7, 146 KAPPA PSI .....,,..... .... 5 3, 135 Keller, Lou .. ....... 285 Kelly, Gene ..... ..... 2 93, 295 Keyes, Ancel ..,.,. , 286 Kildow, Fred , . . ..... 250 Killeen, Earle ..... , . , 207 King, Harry L. ..... 328 Korengold, Marvin . . . , . , 243 Kremer, Phyllis .... . . . 251 L Langpap, Howard ..,., .,..,.. 2 92 Lasby, 'William F. .. Law, school of ..,.. Lechner, Ed ...... Lehrman, Butz . . . Leland, Ora M.. . .. Lick, Louis ...,. ....83,266 .,.,45, 120 292 294 .. 99 303 351

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