University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN)

 - Class of 1925

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University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1925 Edition, Cover

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Text from Pages 1 - 630 of the 1925 volume:

rT .t ' T . ' r ' ' T ' y. r Mi ' T , ' r I ' , ' r»r . ' r ' r , ' 7 ' T ' Tr ' ri " ' i I i . . i.. i J 1 i 1 i . L ' l i 1 : i . 1 . 1 i ' i . 1 l , ' i : ' . 1 . ' i Ji. I A T3 1 TheUiweirsElt7 istteStatey ' ktor afoiiToUcoMV ' e§-i6!iealfliiilii- sfcElo ifs life, mc itases 1(5 mpplii- ess aMs in flue splMf i©Eof itkivac, agncutt tmraldtid iwusfrialpro- . lMeii§,and promotes |u§tlceam° ong ItljpeopIeoMostofdllritpro viaigeneHtioinidfteD ' geioEti ' on ofMyoufhwipdnedluciiti ' ©1 wmcfiemiiPtekestlraciis d opDafditioisoicltizeiiislliiipajiKfll tkettiiic. dnd pracfke oi (tiievdrl MS jprofes5»iiis.Fliilfe 1 1 stMiiW- csdnd rewirdlstlliealiscoveiTof- ptwjrathJtms pBSii onllnelorcl U ' PRESIDENT r. =iiV ' ' j ' ' i ' ' iL ' i V 7i 7 V V ' V 7 V 7 ' J V f i ' 1 V V v THE GOPHEIi NINETEEN TWENTY FIVE FOREWORD To portray student life at the University of Minnesota, to show the institution as a laboratory for properly training citizens for the state, to emphasize the history of Minnesotaf—in brief to shoiu the relation between The State and The University- this is the aim of this thirty-eighth volume, the HISTORICAL GOPHER " Tfe edmicdtiwfoniiiig { t coramoini mild jMsfd tta wi ig bcinit,thetre £§ iEdimiedo " — ® pope. li eltattiE TO THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA From the pioneers who laid the foundation for the common- wealth, to the citizens of today whose sons and daughters compose the personnel of the University, and whose financial support makes the existence of the institiuion possible -■ j ? As a monument to their prrogress which has advanced Minnesota the State and University, we the class of 1925 respectfully dedicate this thirty-eighth volume, the HISTORICAL GOPHER " Tlhie work of tte state imi the lomii run $ [he. worK of imidlivicliiials - JoSfuartAViilL || ■« ■ T ' TTTT ' T V T TT TTTVTTTY f VTTf Tf Ci Bte I Scenes of Minnesota II Minnesota, the State and University III The Colleges IV The Juniors V Maroon and Qold Days VI Representative Minnesotans VII Athletics VIII Organizations IX The Hysterical Qoofer Into the land of sky-hluc water and island-dotted lakes, where heart-strings were tuned to the music of murmuring pines, there trickled bands of courageous pioneers over an ancient trail. The chords of the rustling ivilderness throbbed in their souls, and they pressed on and on, doivn the Tra L OF HL ' DSON BAY, following it southward in the countless footsteps of silent redmen who long since had vanished into the swaying foliage of the North. THE PRAIRIES OF THE SOUTH Over the rollirig pnurics that stretched endlessly in the South, betiveen cool, um- brageous groves and clusters of green spreading trees, oxen plodded before crude ploughs that turned over neic and fertile soil. But later, beneath the clear skies, horses dragged the gleaming blades across the fields until gi ' eat creatures of iron and steel appeared, moving tirelessly 3 et noise- lessly owr the land. Then, carai ' ans of people came along the narrow, curving roadways, lured ever on by the freshness, the beauty, and the plenty of a strange and boimteful coimtry, and spirals of thin gray smoke curled upward from the chim- neys of small and happy duellings. HI JSa pj e- " ■■ c- 3 - TT»r ' T T ' rp-iTT-T ' T ' » THE OLD MILL Beside the jkming, blue uatcrs, then, near the silfcry hhirb and single of misty waterfalls, mills of picturesque beauty ap- peared, and an unending splash of paddle- wheels resounded in liqidd melody through the breathing, pulsating forests. From the virgin fields, ivaves of grain began to sweep into yawning mill bins, and silvan pines were made into lumber, later to be transfornxed into houses, then villages, towns, and thriving cities. Church spires pierced the daivn and dusk of the heai ' en.s, and the stars at night shone upoii a neiv eiiilization instead of trackless woodlands and wigwam dotted river-banks. MINNESOTA SUMMER Nor did beauty vanish when, in the warmth of summer, the I ' oiees of a vast multitude rang through what once was primeval wilderness. There still remained the sky-blue water of ripplirig lakes and bending streams to mirror for the gods the golden reflected gloiv of sunset and dawn, or the inajesty of arhorial branches that reached patiently, unceasmgly for the infinite, unattaimd-ile , and silent heights. Here it is that the soul of man , troid- led with the heavy burdens of life and living, finds rest and peace and the mspiratwn to carry on the work in all the many activities of the commonwealth. Hi MINNESOTA WINTER And ivhi n the uhitc peace of northern winter folded itself like a pleasant, misty dream over the land, covering the brown fields and barren, outstretched arms of the trees with a pale blanket of snow thai sparkled in the clear Ught of the sun, the soul of man rejoiced in the beauty of nature. While, on the tree-tops, stray and lingering leaves of gorgeous red and restful brown rustled in the crisp, tingling wind, giving forth a strange, melodious music of the ore5t that gladdened all who listened and heard, and which sounded like a distant, far-off summons tellmg the woods to be silent and to lie in repose until the winged creatures from the south come soaring (n- to awaken all with their song. m Millard Hall. Center of Activities for the Medic Students Icn Historic Northrop Gate. Soos to Give " av to a More mposikq Stadil ' m tiiiM rTimi i i n«T I ■ i-m Recreatjonal Center of Minnesota ' s Future Farminq Leaders, the " Aq " Gym. Physics, the Old Qvard on " Main Street " , Center of the Present Campus The Campus Gale at Nigkt W.{ t tate mxh Mittbersitg By Alherl t M„rsc WHEN THE continental ice sheet retreated iiortliward over Nlinnoota. tlicrc lolldwcd tlu- ;iV)oris;ine, believed to be the ancestor of the modern Eskimo. Then the Indian asserted his claim of ownership, and the woods and rolling ])rairies became his hnnlint; ' ground. But he was. before long, awakened from his dream of si)lcndiil isolation. The covetous eyes of Enro])0 were ([uick to jierceive the beauty of the new world, and the Red Skin was humbled bv the White Man. Relics found at Little Falls indicate the activity of (|uartz workers in that ncighiiorlKiod about seven thousand years ago, long before the King Tutankhamen ruled the Egy))tian em] ire. This race, the earliest in Minnesota of which there is evidence, apparently lived in the locality of Little Falls while the continental glacier was still in the northern part of the state. It i.s thought that they were the ancestors of the Eskimos, and that they followed the ice sheet in its northward re- treat over Canada. French explorers, groping their way westwani in (picst of fortmie and adventure, found the Sioux hidians in control of the country between the Mississiijpi river and the Rocky mountains. The second western expedition of Medaril Chouart and Pierre DEsprit, more familiarly known as Sieiu ' des (Iroseilliers and Sieur de Radisson, is generally regarded as having taken them in KiOO to the neighborhood of Knife lake, in Kanaliec county. This gives them the dislinclion of being the first white men to enter the area now known as linnesota. The part of Minnesota lying east of the Mississippi came under American control at the close of the Revolutionary war, and when the Louisiana Purchase was made in 1803, the United States acquired the entire area of the state through the addition of the section west of the river. Two years later. President Jefferson sent an expedition under Lieutenant Zelnilon Montgomery Pike, at that time twenty-six years of age, to sign |)eace treaties with the Indians and to exclude British trading posts from the region at the headwaters of the Mississippi. .Vnd the rai)id development of the state is largely due to the accomplishments of Pike, later a brigadier general, who was killed in the War of 1812 when he was leading an attack u|)on Toronto, Canada. On September twenty- first. Pike reached the confluence of the Mississi])pi and Minnesota rivers and cam])ed on the western side of the island which now bears his name. The next day he delivered an elo [uent and convincing oration before a band of 150 Sioux warriors, headed by Little Crow, grandfather of the Indian by that name who led the Sioux outbreak in 18G2. He ex|)lained the object of his tri]); gave notice that the L ' nited States were free from English rule; and criticized the Canadian traders who were responsible for the warfare of the Chii)pewa against the Sioux. The chief ac- complishment of Pike at this conference was to execute the first deed signed in the state. .Vrticle A modern licu of Grand Pc ringe. oldest aetttement lU M inni ' soia. in its ex- treiiic north-can tern corner «f llir Stcilf. Page 25 one reads, " That the Sioux nation grants unto the United States, for the purpose of the establishment of mihtary posts, nine miles square at the mouth of the river St. Croix, also, from helow the confluence of the Mississippi and St. Peter ' s. u|) the Mississippi, to include the falls of St. . nthony. extending nine miles on each side of the v ' wev. That the Sioux nation grants to the United States, the full i)o ver and sovereignty over said districts, forever, without any let or hindrance whatsoever " . Pike had privately dined two of the chiefs, and the signatures were afhxed to the document without much delay. Presents valued at $200, sixty gallons of whiskey and a later jjayment of .f2.000 l y the govern- ment was given in exchange. He then continued uj) the river, reaching a cam|)ing site on the west l)ank four miles south of Little Falls, October sixteentli, where he built a i)ine stockade. Part of the fire])lacc of this fort still remains and has been restored by the Daughters of the . merican Rc (ilution. A grou|) of linneapolis members of the society accompanied Maria Sanford to Little Falls on October 16, 1919, where she gave her " Aj)ostrophe to the Flag " at the dedi- cation of a bronze tablet in memory of Pike and his men. After establishing this base at Little Falls. Pike resumed his northward journey, visiting British trading posts at Sandy lake and Leech lake, where he had the English Jack shot away from its mast and the Stars an l Strijies hoisted. He ju-oceeded thirty miles further to the northwest, reaching Cass lake, which Pike believed to be " the up|)er source of the Mississii)])i " . He then turned southward, arriving at the site of Fort Snelling on . ])ril 11. The tin;d entry in Pike " s journal of his expedi- tion was nuide on .Vpril 30. and reads, " . rrivcd about twelve o ' clock at the town (St. Louis), after an absence of eight months and 22 days " . The ratification on April 16, 1808, of the deed which Pike had three years before signed with the Sioux, nuide ])ossible the erection of Fort St. . nthony, and the corner stone was laid on Sep- tember 10, 1820, effecting the first permanent . merican occupation of Minnesota, hlch of the romance of pioneer days is built into the time-stained walls of this ohl fort. The bold adventurers w ho garrisoned its battlements did nuich to disclose the secrets of nature and develop her resources. Miniirhahn l-„lh Chfsti ' r Crt ' ck in Congiion Park, Diiluth Page 26 Dedication of Pilcc Memorial at Liltlc Fallx. Octohir. 1910 ' riic first saw mill in I lie state was coii- stru(lc l ill 1S2I hy ti-uops at the Falls of St. Aiitliony, and it cut liiiiihcr lor tlic ((iiartcrs of offi ' crs ami men stalioiicd at the fort. Mill stones hroiif lit up from St. Louis were later installed, and the garrison was pro ided with flour made from its own wheat. Josepli Renshaw Hrown, prominent in later deveIoi)ment of the State, eanie in ISU) at the age of fourteen with the troo|)s who Imilt Fort St. .Viithony. .Vnd while a nieniher (if the garrison, he and several others from the fort discovered Lake Minnetonka in 1S22. The party, which included the sou of Colonel .losiah Snelling, i)ost coniinaudant, followed Minnehaha creek from the falls to the lake, spending three days on the trip. Steamhoat navigation on the upper Mississi])pi opened in the summer of 1S22 with the arrival at Fort St. Anthony of the ■■ irgiuia " . River traiisi)ortatioii increased irregularly. At the time of tlie territorial organiza- tion, an average of sixty boats docked at St. I ' aul each year, and during 1858. when the State was admitted to the Union, more than a thousand steamboats reached the city. It was within a .short distance of the ])ost, the name of which was changed to Fort Snelling in 1824 in honor of its commander, that the lianks of the Mississipiji were first linked by a bridge. On the fifth day of December, 1852, the last floor beam was laid in a suspension bridge at St. . nthony Falls. In celebraticni of this memorable event, a Mr. Griffith, the engineer, invited newspaper men and their wives to cross upon the first span ever placed across the Father of Waters. The inlrnduction in the House of Representatives on December 23, 184t), of a bill by Morgan L. Martin of Wisconsin to eslaltlish the territorial government of Minnesota drew a great deal of ol)position. A considerable dixcrgence of oi)inion was shown even with regartl to the proposed luimc. Chairman Ste|)hen . . Douglas of the committee on territories substituted " Itasca " " for " Minnesota " , and Martin had the original name restored when the bill was reported back to the house. Names suggested by other representatives were " Chippewa " , " Jackson " , as a tribute to tiie hero of New Orleans, and " Washington " . The original name was retained when the bill ])assed the House, and it went before the Senate on the third of the following March, where it was killed. Douglas was elected later to the Senate from Illinois, and on Deceinber 20, up a bill similar to that s])onsored by Martin when the two were in the Huuse of lliis attem|)t was finally successful, and at tary Ashbury Dickens ran into the House, announcing, " Mr. Speaker! the President of the United States has notified the Senate that he signed and ajjproved ' Senate 152 " , an act to establish the territorial government of Minnesota " . How the news was received at St. Paul is shown by an account in the first number of the " Minnesota Pioneer " . " Monday, .V|)ril !)th, had been a |)leasant day. Towards evening tiie clouds gathered and about dark commenced a violent storm of wind, rain, lightning and thunder. The larkness was only dissipated by the i id lightning: the succeeding lliun(i ' r fairly shook the earth. Suddenly during a lull in the storm, the coughing and grunting of an a|)proacliing steamboat from down the river was heard. The next instant the boat ' s shrill whistle thrilled throiiuli llic air, like a 2:25 on the morning of M; 1848, he brought Rei)resentatives. )urth, Secre- ■. »t ii| g ' giyfiaif; ' Stiaiiiho(fliiiti in LSin i Sfilhialfr) Page 27 Mankalo ' : Grim Rt:nilndcr great blast of triiunpli, and a bright lightning flash re- vealed the boat itself, just rounding the bluff, less than a mile below the St. Paid wharf. In a few seconds, re- gardless of the tuniidt and perils of the storm, almost the entire male jjopulation of the town was running for the boat-landing. Very soon the fine steamer. Dr. Franklin, No. 2, dashed gallantly uj) to her wharf. l?ut l)efore she reached the moorings she was boartled by the excited throng. The news was learned and one ghid shout which resounded through the boat, was taken up on shore, and, echoed from our beetling bluffs and rolling hills above the roar of the storm, [iro- claimed that the bill for the organization of Minnesota Territory had l)ecome a law " . With the organization of the territorial govern- ment, the residents set themselves to the task of establishing Minnesota as a state. As the first step it was necessary to secure the jjassage of an " Enabling Act " , authorizing the i )eo])le to frame a constitution and elect state officers. A large amount of opposition was encountered in Congress, because the " balance of power " , zealously guarded l)y the South, and main- tained by admitting free and slave states to the Union in pairs, had been broken in 18.50 by the admission of California as a free state. The bill was finally adop- ted, however, through the tireless eft ' orts of Douglas. the senator who had lieen responsilile for the establishment of the territory. He introtluced the l)ill admitting Minnesota to the Union, and President Buchanan signed it on May 11, 1858. When the fall of Fort Sumter in 1861 aroused the North to the certainty of war, Minnesota was equal to the emergency. Governor Alexander Ramsey, who was then in Washington, at once offered President Lincoln a regiment for the suppression of the rebellion, giving Minnesota the distinction of being the first state to volunteer her services in the war. In accordance with a telegram from Ramsey, the first call for troojjs was issued on April 16. The " First Minnesota " was the first " three years " regiment to go into battle, and fought at Antietam, Bull Run, and Fredericksburg. Of its famous charge at (iettysburg, where 21. " ) of its 262 men were lost. General Hancock, who gave the order to charge, said, " There is no more gallant deed recorded in history " . Yitll half of her volunteers in the South, and more regiments hastily recruiting for service in the Civil war, Minnesota received a knife thrust in her back. Sioux Indians from reservations on the u])per Minnesota river unexpectedly rose under the leadership of Little Crow on August IS, 1862, and murdered about a thousand frontier settlers within thirty-six hours. Probable reinforcement of the Sioux by west- ern bands, and the possibility of co- operation by Chip])ewas and Winne- bagoes, which was indeed the plan of Little Crow, necessitated imme- diate action by the State govern- ment. Learning of the U])rising on the following day, (iovernor Ramsey immediately ])laced General Henry Hastings Sibley in charge of a move- ment to restore a lasting peace on the frontier. A successful encounter at Fort Ridglev, and the stand at ISoT- -Rcd Hirer Ox Carls Driven by Half -breeds, in Their Annual Pilgrimage to the Tuin Cities Page S Now 11m |)i-olial)Iy saved tlie lower Minne- sota valley from iinasion. Out iiumliered I ()-t()-one, the inliahitants of New I ' lni desperately witiistood tlieassanlt nntii tliey were finally forced into a stoekade, and the sa aj;es hnrned the town. The wiiites later retired safely to Mankalo. At Wood Lake, Sihley surrounded the Iiulian cam]) and look ii er 400 i)ris ners, ' MYA of whom were sen- U ' need to death l)y a military court. dent Lincoln suhse(|uently commuted the sentences of most of them, but 38 were hanged at Mankato on December 2( . 1S()2. The cause of the uprising is attributed to tiie hatred of the Indians for the settlers. That lumber manufacturing sliouM be the first business of note in Minnesota was natural; |)ine forests reached almost to the very doors of St. Anthony, and the ra])id influx of settlers re(iuire(l a large sup|)ly of building materials. The output of the government mill established in 1821 at tlie Falls of St. Anthony was inadeciuate for eomnuM-cial jjurposes, .so numufacturing on a eomj)rehensivc scale did not begin until eighteen years later when a saw mill was established on the St. Croix river at Marine. On August 24, 1839, this mill began to saw; thus the lumlicr industry antedated the establishment of government in Minnesota by ten years. But with the virtual exhaustion of timber in Michigan and Wisconsin, greater demands were made upon linnesota, and the ra])id disjippearance of the great i)ine forests diverted the lumber business from the North Star State to the Pacific slo])e. Lacking the roiuantic and ))ictures(|ue (pialities of the lumber industry, but ])ossessing greater ])raetical jjossibilities, floiu ' milling has developed into the largest manufacturing industry of the Northwest. The original mill established at the Falls of St. . nthony groiuid flour for the garrison of the fort for nearly thirty years, fiiudly jjassing into private hands when Robert Smith, an Illinois Congressman, acquired it in 1849. Several other mills were erected along the Mississippi river, and in 1859 Minnesota sent her first shijiment of flour eastward. ] Iiniu aiiolis is now the flour milling center of the world. The i)resence of iron ore in Minnesota was first re|)orted by Indians and lumbermen; and geologists of the govennnent reported indications of its presence in 1859 and 1S(J5. Susquehanna Pit at Hibbing — .1 Typical Open Fit Mine Lake Vreiijhter anil Ore Doehs at Dntnth, from tetiere Half the W ' ltrlil ' . Iran Ore is Shipped Page S9 ' ' ni S! l oil ttniJl But it was not until 1884 on the ' erniillion range that actual mining operations commenced. In 1890 iron ore was discovered on tlie Mcsalii range; the peculiarly favor- able mining conditions here, where the ore is near the surface, making it the cheapest ore of its class ohtain- ahle. Then iron was found on the Cuyuna range, and the first shi])- ment from this region was made in 1911. The deposits of this exceed- ingly important ore are nowhere else as rich as they are in Minnesota, ;ind this state supplies about five- eighths of the amoiuit mined in the I ' nited States. Lord Selkirk, moved by a desire to alleviate the distress he observed while on a vacation in the Scotch highhuuls, believed that by establishing a colony across the Atlantic he could enable the settlers to escape the i)overty which oppressed them in their old homes. He accordingly sent some Irish and Scotch to settle on 100,000 square miles of land on the Red and Assiniboine rivers, which he had purchased from the Hudson Bay company. They reached their Canadian homes in 1812. settlers were later joined by Swiss immigrants. Dissatisfied with the Red river valley, and informed that conditions were much better in the Minnesota country, several Swiss families from the Selkirk colony came down to the Fort St. Anthony reservation in 182: where they established themselves as tiie first farmers in Minnesota. The introduction of cattle raising and dairying by these Swiss i)eoi)le laid the foundation for the great dairy industry now carried on in Minnesota. Senator Westcott of Fh)rida said in the congressional contro -ersy preceding the creation of the Minnesota Territory, " I am told that there are some forty lawyers practicing there, which is a, favorable sign as to the resources and extent of the .settlements " . That was in 1849. Governor Sibley had established himself fifteen years before at Mendota, near the mouth of the Minnesota river, as the first lawyer in the state. And the following year Sibley received a commission from the governor of Iowa as justice of the peace over the area boundetl by the Mississippi river on the west and the White river on the east and extending south from the British possessions to Prairie du Chien. This extensive jurisdic ' tion of Sibley necessarily re |uire(l considerable discretion in those early frontier days. It was 1840 that the first trial by jury within the area now known as Minnesota was held. Brown, co-discoverer of Lake Minnetonka, was justice of the jieace for St. Croix county, Wiscon- sin, and he had to go to Marine to try the case because a jury could not be assembled in his home town of Dakota. The action was brought by Philander Prescott, a fur trader, who accused Charles D. Foote of " jumping " his claim at the mouth of the St. Croix river, where there is now the town of Prescott. N o decision could be reached by the jury without first inspecting the prem- ises, so a party made uj) of the justice, the jury and the parties to the suit went up the river in birch bark canoes. Ice in Lake St. Croix forced them to abandon their canoes at Stillwater, so they completed the journey l y land. Siblrif Houae at Meudulii. oldest in the State; htiill hy General H. II. Sihlei in 18S6. Page 30 Bniincrd, Ti vical of Ihr Snuill (rroinnij ( Itirs that I)nl llir State On llirir return. Ilicy foiiTul their ciiniic- l)nrnoil. and were coiniK ' Hod 111 walk I he entire forty miles from I ' rescott to Marine. Tlien. after revie vin i ' the evidence and unih ' r- iioini; all this ])hysieal exertion, the juvy conld not aj;ree. I ' rescott effected a settlement hy f;i inii th ' defenchint ei ;hty acres of land. One of the most |)n)minent niem- liers of the har in territorial days was William D. Phillips, the first dis- trii ' t attorney of Ramsey County, who was widely known as an eccen- tric |)erson. An anecdote told of him concerns a controversy he had with an attorney from the East with re- gard to a Minnesota statute. When his i)])|)onent made .some classical allusion to Cicero or Demosthenes, l ' hilli|)s said in a hurst of eloquence, ■■ 1 he gentleman may he a classical .sclu)lar: he ' ' may he as eliKiuent as Demosthenes; he has |)rol)al)ly ripjicd with old Euri])ides, socked with old Socrates, and canted with Cantharides; hut, gentlemen of the jury, what does he know ahout the laws of Minnesota " ? I ' hilli])s figured prominently in the first territorial court of Minnesota in 184U, held in the first court house erected in the state, which was liuilt in Stillwater two years previously. Puhlic education in Minnesota began in an unorganized and s])ontaneous manner; the systeiu followed. At a time when there were few teachers and meager facilities for instruction in the region, the passion for intellectual enlightenment was subjected to severe limitations. The first school in the state was established in the spring of 1845 Iw Mr.s. Matilda Rumsey. Few records of this undertaking survive, but it is l)elie ed that classes were held in a log building near the ui)per levee in St. I ' aul. When she was married in June of that year, the school was discontinued. In 1847 Harriet E. Rishop. who came from New York for the task at the re(|uest of Harriet Reecher Stowe, o|)ened the second school in St. Paul under the Roard of National P()])idar Education, with a commission covering the entire region " between Wisconsin and the Rocky Mountains north of Iowa to theNorth Pole " . When .school o])ened in .Vugust of that year, there and only two were white. Those of Indian blood ])redominated for some time; when the attendance to forty, there were only eight white pupils. The old blacksmith sho]). used at first, was sui)i)lanted the following year by a new school house, which burned in 1857 after it had been sold for debt, eighty dollars of its construction cost having remained unpaid. . t the first session of tlie Territorial Legislature in 1849 a law was enacted which i)rovide(l for the establishment and snp|)ort of com- mon schools. Minnesota now has the largest school fund of any state in the I ' nion. Just as the pre s nurturc(l and itali i ' d the original ' Ihirleen colo- nies during the uncertain days of their early existence, so journalism stinnilat( d the growth of Minnesota. In the life of .lames Madison Ciood- hue. the first editor in the state, there is a resend)lance to the careers of the were but nine jiupil Srir Austin llnjh Sfltonl, l- ' nUoinmj ilh ' Stntr ' s Atlrdiirr in Ktlnnttni Page 31 The Stale Flower earlier members of his ])rofession. Sacrificing a .successful business in Wisconsin, he entered an undeveloped and uncertain region where, as he later said, " We had no subscribers, for there were but a handful of people in the whole territory, and the majority of those were Canadians and half-breeds " . His custom of mercilessly attacking through his -olumns his enemies and those of the ])ublic, and of ))nblisliiiig full accounts of his personal fistic and pistol encoiuiters gave liiip the repu- tation of being " " the James Gordon Hcnnett of Minnesota " , and it luis l)een said of (loodhue, " Many of his editorials would have done no dis- credit to ' The New York Herald " (Bennett ' s paper) in its most palmy days. " The first newspaper j)ublisheil within the area, " The linnesota Pioneer " , appeared in St. Paul on April 28, 1849, six days before Presi- dent Polk signed the bill granting a charter to the Territory of Minne- sota. During the first few months of its publication, the paper was a four-page, six-colunm sheet, and in October of its first year, another col- unui was adtled. The " Minnesota Pioneer " still survives in what is now " The St. Paul Dispatch-Pioneer Press. " Minnesota is situated geographically at the exact center of North .Vmerica, as is shown by the intersection within its area of lines drawn from the Beaufort sea to the CariViliean sea, from the (nilf of California to the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and from the state of Washington to the state of Maine. It occu|)ies the summit of the central valley of the continent, and lordly rivers flow through its diversified succession of higlilands and valleys, entering the (iulf of lexico through the Mississip]M, reaching the Atlantic through the St. Lawrence, and seeking Hudson iiay through the Red river of the north. The ])rosperity of a state is determined largely by its climatic conditions. Minnesota is especially favored. The air is not rari- fied, satiu ' ated, electrified, ozonized, medicated, or modified in any ])articular; it is not laden with the chill so noticeable in the cast, with the malaria which ravages the south, or with the dust clouds of the southwest. Henry Ward Beechcr once stated that the highest civilization and the most jjcrfect develo])ments of home life can be found only in lands where jjeople dig cellars to store foods, and where, for a part of the year, people are kei)t indoors to become acquainted with each other. Where are these c(uiditions more truly cxem])lified than in the Gopher stated Minnesota — the land of industry, containing the largest (iei)osit of iron ore in the world, its milling center sustaining the energies of a hemis])herc. Minnesota — the land of waters, the l)irthplacc of the worlds greatest rivci ' , ])ossessing tiiousands of lakes, laved liy the largest iiody of fresh water in the world, bounded by the Red river of the north and the St. Croix. Wherever the sons and daughters of the North Star state may be borne by the winds of fortune, to them the modern e(|uivalent of " Civis Romanus sum " is, " I am a Minnesotan " ! The Minnesota Sent ,4 hit of somhre scenery in northern Minnesota, touched with the lieanty of the wild ell:, ca iiifhl quench- ing his thirst at sun- down. Page 33 I. THE SETTING OF THE STAGE 1851-1869 " r " Bi llihiirr ( . Olfsnii IN the days whoii Indian wigwams still dot- ted the winding hanks of the Mississi]j])i. and when awed and painted red-skin warriors yet gazed, on sunny afternoons, al clumsy side-wheelers sjilashing and i)uffing their way to the Hour-mills and ware-houses of St. .Vnthony, the most potent, grave, and reverend members of the Minnesota Territo- rial legislature hegan to wonder if the time was not ripe for an institution of higher education to be estal)lished in their flourishing northern commonwealth. Their wonder soon crystal- lized into action, and, on the thirteenth of February, 1851, aroused by the message of (iovernor Ramsey, they ])assed an act whicii created a school to be st.vled the University of Minnesota, wliich should be located at or near the Falls of St. . nthony, which should provide no sectarian instruction, which should consist of five main departments, and which should be governed by a t)oard of twelve Regents. The first Board of Regents, elected on March 4 of the same year, was autliorized to establish a ])reparatory dejjartment and to procure a site for the erection of buildings as soon as funds might be provided. To inspire the Regents, the Congress of the United States then atteni]3ted to create the necessary funds by passing an act on February 19, 1851, re- serving 46,080 acres, or two town.shii)s. for " the use and support of a Univer.-iity in said territory and for no other use and i)uri)osc whatever. " These thousands of acres con- sisted of timber laud scattered all over the Territory. Early St. .Vnthony was noteil for its knee deep sand and marshes, its big bog and sand- burs, when, on May 31, 1851, the members of the first Board of Regents filed solemnh ' into a room in the St. Charles hotel to hear the gavel fall which should call their first meeting to order. Down the main street of the village were the mills, the stove and iron works, the furniture factory. " lanunoth Hardware " sho|). and the great Vinslow hotel. Below the town, along the rixcr bank, lumbermen were I ' ailf S4 building rafts, while the adventiu ' ous boys of the jjeriod ex]jlored the yawning chamber of Chute ' s cave, listened to the buzz of the saw- mills or to the rumble of the tin-bines, or swam in the gorge at the old bear cave near the edge of the current and in the old Farnham mill- pond on the very brink of the thundering falls. The first Board of Regents which met in the leading hotel of this lively river-town was composed of the following men: J. W. Furber, Wm. R. Marshall. B. B. Meeker, Socrates Nelson, Henrv M. Rice, .Vbraham ' an Voor- Rice Smilll Bhirl.- ff,irsl,„ll Taillor FruUey ' S, 1,1, II ,-lsnn . I,,l:,r Balcum Van Voorhett Skrie Siirlh Alualer Ram. fl The Hoard of Reynil. , IS- ' tl-lSBO liees. Alcxiindcr Hninscv. ( ' . K. Siiiilli. Frank- lin Steel. ' . Henry II. Sil)ley, N. C. 1). laylin-. and I. Atwater. On .Inne 14, ISol. the gii ' t of a site for a hiiildinj;, hy Franklin Steele, was aeeepted l)y the Hoard. This site was near Ontral avenne. between 2iid and University avenues, and between Central avenne and 1st avenne S. V,.. in the vilhifje, and near the runiMinj; falls. The time was drawing swiftly near when, in addition to dusty flour sacks and roufili luniher ) lanks, the little villafje above the falls was about to turn out men and women imbued with the high ideals of elas.sie and ])rofessional learning. The first nail was pounded into the beams of the new University building in the same month which saw the signing of the treaty of TraAerse des Sioux, one month before the treaty of Mendota opened u]) the territory west of the Mississi|)pi to the settlers who were rai)idly imshing tlieir way across the buffalo- swe])t i)lains in ])rairie .scliooners and white covered wagons. The new building, judged according to the architectural standards of the time and ])lace. was to be a niagTiificent struc- ture, two stories high, costing .S2, 500. a goodly sum, considering the chea])ness of lumber in those ilays along the frontier, where logs and saw-mills were as abundant as tlie fine green oak-trees clustering the sandstone bluffs above the swiftlv-flowing river. When the Reverend Klijah W. Merrill, principal and sole instructor in the new |)re- pMral( r dei)artment of the University of .Minnesota, stood smiling to greet his first class in the finished building on November 2(i, the bright and beaming faces of twenty ambitions students siione l)ef()re him. There was little need for registrar or office force then, with an enrollment of twenty, two school-rooms, and one building, and one in- structor. The a|)otheosis of red-ta|)e was still unknown. Reverend Merrill was monarch of all he surveyed; he was the administration, the faculty, the librarian, the janitor, and the principal. There were only twelve flies in his meager ointment — the members of the Board of Regents, who must have led rather lei- surely existences, keej)iug tab on their solitary school-master. Reverend Merrill, during his regime, taught, among other subjects, gram- mar, arithmetic, reading, s])elling, book- keejjing, elocution, Latin, and Greek; instead of puzzling for hours over the methods of calculus or the bewildering formulae of physi- cal sciences, the students of that period would more frecpiently engage in spirited spelling bees or vie with one another in mastering the inultii)lication tables. Most of the work was |ire|)aratory. Hefore the end of the year, iiowever, the new dei)artmeut had an enroll- ment of fortv, which increased to eighty-five Siifniinj llir Tnnttj of Trtu ' crs livs Simtx From (I ptnnlniii hi I ' . ' iiiilr H. Mdju ' r, trho was pri ' stnl ut the Su itttlij Page So via i the next year, making necessary an addition of three assistants to the fac- ulty, and making possible a faculty men ' s club. This possibility was shattered, unfortunately, in 1855, wlien Merrill left the ter- ritory and discontinued the school, which then passed from the control of the Board of Regents, being used by various parties for private schools thereafter until 1864 when it Inuned to the ground. Before Elijah Merrill had left for parts unknown, a new site had already lieen purcha.sed from Paul R. George and Joshiui Taylor to fill the needs of the raj)- idly expanding University. This property, consisting of 251 3 acres of land which is a iiart of the ])resent cam])us, cost S6,000, SI, 000 down, and the remainder in mortgages. Land, today worth almost a million dollars, was then bought on the installment plan for a price modern merchants would ask for a .self-propelled vehicle! On February 25, 1856, the legislature passed an act authorizing the Regents to issue bonds in the name of the l niversity for the sum of §15,000, SS.OOO to be applied for liquidation of the debt incurred in the purchase of the site, and $10,000 for a new building. The Regents were elated I The state had at last taken a substantial interest in the University finances, which hitherto had been replenished only by gratuitous subscriptions. And then, too, there was the timber along the Rum river which could be sold to raise, funds for the University. The tide in the affairs of the Regents seemed at a flood: some of that golden ()lyni])ian shower which in classic times had flooded the lonely chamber of Danae seemed to have seeped into the hollow coffers of the treasury of the University of Minnesota pre- paratory de])artment! So exuberant and ex- ultant did the Regents become in the face of this wave of prosperity that they let a con- tract to erect a building which was to cost $49,600! Conditions seemed to warrant the exi)ending of what then seemed a stupendous fortune, and work began on Old lain, that beloved edifice which, for many happy and many jjrecarious years, housed the hopes, the fears, and the traditions of earliest Minnesota. And then the Rum river dried up! A drought worked havoc u|) in the timber Page 36 Old Main country, and the stumpage which was to be sold by the University could not be floated down the stream. The first of the Regents ' golden bubljles had burst, and the mortgage on the campus was defaulted. In April came the Ink-pa-du-ta massacre, and then the panic of ' 57 swept over the land, leaving in its wake ruined enter|)rises, suicides, revulsions, hard times, and one-fourth of Old Main, un])aid for and incomplete. Tlie Board of Regents saw their visions vanish into thin air. one by one; bubble after bubble burst, debts increased, in- terest on mouldering mortgages piled up high and higher, and contractors began to howl, beg, and threaten for bills receivable. At the end of 1859, one year after Minnesota had been admitted to the Federal Union as a state, the outstanding indebtedness against the Board was .$71,000, and, at the beginning of the Civil War, this had increa.sed to $100,000! That first famous cannon-ball which whis- tled and whirled over Fort Sumter, calling thousands of men to arms, .shattered the im- mediate hopes and aspirations of the Univer- sity of Minnesota. All the energies of the state were directed to the carrying on of the Civil war; Old ] Iain was left standing like a scarecrow in the northern winds. The west wing of the building had lieen comiileted in 1858, and the east end had later been roughly walled up with blue limestone. The campus became a veritable cow pastiu ' e, and mournful- visaged bovines found their sorrowful way, on wintry days, into the warm basement of Old Main, there to chew their contemplative cuds in a truly peaceful and academic atniosjihere. w li i 1 (■ 1 li (■ 11 1) w - stoiiiis anil 1 lizzards i volleyed aiw: thnn- ilered without . Dur- 1 iilg tlie war an in- r difient family moved ja into the l)arn-like s strufture, aiK 1 hacon was fried w here a njK • ' a few years before gj U-r y o iin jr m en and i 1 _ S _i women had tr; inslated the Odes of Horace The Dorr Presented by Caleb Dorr, and the Plays of So])hofles. Still, the family managed to make the ])laee look somewhat like an educational insti- tution. Though they split wood instead of infinitives in one of the class- rooms, they ])ut turkeys in another, which was at least one step forward toward the creation of a biological laboratory: hay was stored in another room, j)rt)bably in order to give it a certain botanical appear- ance. But matters continued to grow worse. In 1862 occiured the outbreak at the lower Sioux agency; New Ulm was attacked by frenzied red-skins; there was a bloody Indian massacre at Hirch Coulee; multitudinous mili- tary and financial troubles and lio[)i icss dis- organization assailed the new and struggling state. I nder the great nieiital stress of the times, many unfortunate ])eople went mad, and asylums became over-crowded. An effort, concerted and strong, was made by certain ingenious members of the legislature to con- vert Old Main into an insane asylum! The Regents, however, regarded a flock of insane people as being more obnoxious in the school- house than the herd of cows, and their vigorous opposition to the measure saved the day for sanity and education. Came then a turning point in war and edu- cation. At the same time as the Union troops swept on to victory at Gettysburg and Vicks- burg, the University of Minnesota began to rise u])on the stepping stones of her dead self to higher things. Shortly after the tliirty- ciglit Iiuliiiiis had been hung for murder in lankato, and after the Sioux u])rising had been quelled, (iovernor J. S. Piilsbury was ap])ointed to the Board of Regents, and the University spread its sails once again, to be borne by more propitious winds toward a blazing, but distant goal, (iovernor Pills- bury, truly the " Father of the University " , began his herculean labors by haxing a special committee of the Board of Hegents, com|)osed Fountain an Old .Settler of 1S4 of himself, O. C. Mer- r i m a n , an d .1 o h n Nichols, duly auth(jr- ized and elected. After each member ha l given a bond with sureties to the amount of .S2.5,000, this com- mittee was given au- thority to sell and convey any lands not exceeding 12,000 acres previously flonated to the Territory for University i)urposes. This superb trium ' i- rate, these grand old Romans of a later day, who dedicated unself- ishly so much of their time and energy to unsung labors on the frontiers of a new civili- zation, soon pulled the University ofT the sand- l)ars of unsound finance, and gave it renewed vigor and strength, as it liegan its unbending climb through the ages to unimaginable heights. And, in the great year of 1867, for the first time since 1858, hinges were put on the battered but historic doors of the renovated, sturdy, and staunch Old ] Iain, and seventy loyal linnesotans came thronging, with their shout and their song, as school-bell sujjplanted cow-bell. The l oards, which had been nailed over the basement en- trances by one of the old Regents one Sunday afternoon in a frantic and angry attempt to keep out the school-struck cattle, were cere- moniously removed, and classes began once more in the preparatory department of the University of linnesota, with three instruc- tors at the helm. These three gentlemen of the faculty were extremely ])atriarchal, however, for. with a solidarity like that which character- ized .Vtlios, Porthos, and .Vramis, they unani- mously oijjjoscd the admission of women to the University. The three Regents fortu- nately over-ruled them, and the (luestion of co-education was .settled then and there for all time, making possible forever, delightful evening ])romenades with co-eds in the silvery moonlight along the ])recii)itous, romantic, Icgaiidary river-ljank. Tliere. where many an ardent Hiawatha probably wooed and won his Minnehaha, above the ri|)pling, laughing water of the stream which miu ' mured below, the fancies of ma.sculine students living in later times were allowed to turn to thoughts of love. But 1867 saw other signs of progress in addition to co-education and the matri- culation of sixteen co-eds. In this same event- ful year, the State legislature appropriated Page 37 $15,000 for rei)airiiig the building and buying furniture, and, on November 17. Delta Sigma, the first literary society on the campus, was organized and became active. The stage had now been set by skillful hands for the years to come; in spite of the many-headed Scylla of Civil and Indian war, and in spite of the chasm C ' harybdis of financial ruin and de- struction, the University of Minnesota had come safely through the whirlpools of her early struggles for existence and had gained strength and power of endurance in the strife. Rivers had dried up, making school lumber lands worthless; panics had ravished the land; bank credit had top]jled, causing bank accounts to lose their impressiveness; redskins, strug- gling hopelessly on the edges of the disap- ])earing frontier against the strange, onrusli- ing, white civilization, had fired the western farmhouses, and had destroyed property; grasshoppers had eaten up the small profits of the rural taxpayer, and yet the institution survived. There was a tenacity of purpose about it, a rugged hardiness, and persistence in clinging to life that Ijoded well for the future and that also spoke well for the settlers of the state. The pioneers, undaunted by jjoverty and misfortune, staunchly supported and preserved the cause of education. With a fine liberalism, that augured well for the times to come, they hail Icnl whatever help they could to a difficult and trying ]5roject. Nor had it all been in vain. Their labors had been productive, and far-reaching in result. The foundation had at last been laid upon which the great architects of the future would Oil the Ritrrhank Diilicaled lo ihe Spirit of Coeducation build massive domes and great castles of culture and learning. For the first of these great Architects the Regents had been .search- ing for many months. They had looked far and wide for a courageous and scholarly man, who would have that integrity, foresight, energy, and force of character which was necessary to guide the University through the coming days of construction and reconstruc- tion. Such a man was found in 18(jlt. His name was William Watts Folwell. Stnliir of J. S. Pilhhiinj " Father of the Unircrsiti " — Thnufsatulx pass itaihi beneath his kindly j aze, enjoying the admntai cs he made possible. Page 3S ' _ II. THE RAISING OF THE CURTAIN 1869-1884 " W " IN tlie sairic inamier as (uvier ot up a MegatluMiuiii from a siiifjie todth and as Agassiz drew a portrait of an undiscovered fish from a sinjile scale, so President William Watts Fohvell, in his inaugural address on the third floor of the west wing of Old Main, on Decemher 22, 1869, took the singie crude liuildinu and tlic small campus of the time and Williams Wall! ' Fnluetl First PresidenI of the Viiircrsili). lS69-lSS. ' i from it drew a |)icture of the towering insti- tution which would rise from it in the future, a monument of progress that should he a heai-on lii;ht to thousands and thousands of the niillion for her unit ! " The hrst president of the rni ' crsity, who hegan his regime with such high ho|)es and asjjirations, had, in 1857, been graduated from Hohart, where he had been a brilliant .scholar, and where he was. for a time, assistant jiro- fcssor of mathematics. During the hectic war days, when Old Main was still host to the famous flock of turkeys. Dr. Folwell had served with the .Vrmy of the Potomac, in the 5t)th New York Regiment of Engineers, first a,s a lieutenant and later as a lieutenant- colonel. After the war, he was professor of mathematics in Kenyon college, and was called to the presidency of the University of Minne- sota at the age of thirtv-six. Of William Watts Folwell, Willis M ' . West later said: " His figure, of course, was the central one through all the storm and stress jjeriod of early growth, and the ' old boys ' , themselves struggling in days amid sternest priva- tions and mean employment for an education, will always remember with an ever-growing tenderness, the courteous, finely-organized. l)usy gentleman who was clerk, accountant, registrar, librarian, and instructor as well as president, but who coulil always afford time for a cheery, helpful word for the seed-corn of culture and high endeavor to any chance student he ])assed on the street or chatted with at the corner. " Fortunate, indeed, are those students at the present writing, who iiave had the invaluable ])rivilege of convers- ing with that " (ourteoiis, busy gentleman " , and who have been ins| ired by his cheery, helpful words. .Vnd fortunate are they, too, who have seen Folwell. i)lain as he stands so fre(piently in the library, stalwart in his ninety-one years, looking up material for his history of Minnesota, who have seen the light of genius glowing in his l)right, kind, friendly eyes, and who have admired the ])ure, snowy whiteness of the hair which festoons his broad and scholarly forehead I Many, indeed, are the students in liic librarv who have found young men and women. Sai.l D •. Folwell; Dr. Folwell, that brisk. luinuited Tionegena- " There is, as I have said. but one resource. riau. far more fascinating and won lerful than f- ;. The state must endow the I ' liivers ity, and if their text-books, and w lo have drawn in- the state will have the l " ni ( rsitv in i tsfullpro- s|)iration from him from d ' ar as they see him portions, let her first count t he cost and take adjusting his spectacles bi fore some ponderous rfij Page 39 volume on the long varnished table in the front of the room. It was in the beginning year of Dr. Folwell ' s administration, on Sep- tember 15, 1869, eighteen years after the University had been created by the Territorial Legislature, and after years of trial and tribulation, that the University opened its doors for the first time to students of colle- giate grade. The days of elementary spelling and intermediate arith- metic had gone; and the curriculum started to grow! The first collegiate class of 1869-70 had an enrollment of seventy, while there were nine instructors, teaching in five departments of one college, the Col- lege of Science, Literature and .Vrtsl Like the Reverend Elijah W. Merrill l)eforehim. President Folwell found himself face to face with many deplorable and annoying conditions. The registrar was Folwell; Folwell was the librarian. The office lioy was Folwell, and Folwell was the President! Then, too, a hyjiertro- phy of petty detail and an irritating glorification of red-tape was begin- ning to clog up the administrative machinery. As E. Bird Johnson later stated, " If a box of crayon or a supply of paper was needed. Pres- ident Folwell was obliged to go down town to Governor Pillsbury ' s oflice to see whether the Regents could afi ' ord the expend- iture. " Building conditions were terrible. Though it had passed through many stirring vicissitudes, Old Main was still standing, a ven- erable and revered structure, with no ventilation, poor lighting, and heated by forty-three wood stoves ! Though there must have been a ceratin measure of snug comfort and warmth for those long-ago classes as they clustered about the little iron heaterson cold or dam]) afternoons and lis- tened to the crackle of the burning wood and roasted, perhaj)s, an ap|)le or two in the flaring fire, still there are certain undeniable advantag- es in the present modern $319,000 heating sys- tem with its three-quarter mile tunnel beneath the campus and its 2,800 horse-i)ower furnace at the base of a giant chimney that towers 225 feet in the air. In spite of the forty-three stoves and the decaying timbers with their fire hazards, how- ever. Old Main remained standing, as impas- sive and silent as an Indian sentinel gazing from the lofty limestone bluff ' s at the log rafts floating by below, and, by 1873, two men, Henry Martyn Williamson and Warren Clark Page 40 Warren Clark Euslis. irho. n-illi II M. W ill inm.ion, Constiluled the V iiiversiltj a First (Irailniilinij Class, 1S7S Eustis, had i)assed four years there, and were impressively graduatetl, on the memorable evening of the nineteenth of Jiuie, amid the blare of throbbing, nuirtial music furnished by the twenty-three piece regimental band of the 20th Infantry. It is said that the entire town made holiday on the occasion of first commencement exercises ever held by the L niversity of Minnesota. L ' nder the able leadership of Dr. Folwell, the University climbed gradually, year by year, onward and ujiward. From 1873 to 1881, the state ai)i)ro])riated over 8137,000 in the interests of the University; the campus was enlarged, and still another repair bill was incurred on behalf of venerable Old Main, On December 1, 1877, the Ariel, first fore- runner of the linnesota Daily, appeared on the campus. How easy it is to picture the few earnest students of the late Seventies sitting beside those wood stoves in Old Main, contentedly numching large, red Minnesota apjiles, and laughing boisterously over the pointed jokes in the Ariel — perhaps the very same jokes with which the professors of today convulse their attentive classes in the more facetious moments of their lectures. In 1880 The Colixeutn President Folwell tried to liasteii profiress l)y askiiif; from the State leiiislatiire an annual ai)i)roi)riation of SoO.OOO for ten years. After the Regents, thriftv souls, had cut tlie amount to §30,000 annually for SIX years, the bill passed without opposition. All seemed to run as smoothly as a well oiled student ' s bicycle, when a scries of unexpected calamities put a quietus to all talk of immediate reform and imjirovement. First, the insane asylum at St. Peter l)urne(l to the ground in 1880. One year later the State Capitol was consumed by flames. And then came along countless nefarious and ])arasitical swarms of hungry grasshoppers to finish things up by devouring crops, and incidentally draining the State treasury, for tax collectors became super- fluous in a land of bankrupt farmers. Thus, the University had to wait several long years more for the funds it so eminently needed, and the new drill hall or Coliseum, which was destroyed by fire in 1894, was not constructed until 1884. So acute did the pecuniary situ- ation become, and so necessary was a new science building, that, in 1889, Governor I ' ilNlpiiry again loyally ser " ed the I iiiversity In ' himself donating the SIHI.OOI) building which today bears his name! When, on .Vugust 31, 1884, owing to the great strain he had been subjected to in his arduous jjhysical and mental labors, William Watts Folwell closed his administration as president after fourteen years of notable service, the University of Minnesota had emerged victorious in its struggle for life and position. Under his able leadershij), the size of the campus had been doubled, an experi- mental farm in agriculture had been secured, the State high school board had been orga- nizc(l, the debts of the old |)reparatory school had all been settled, the State had begun to take a real and substantial interest in the finances of the University, and a co-operative spirit had been created between the president, the faculty, and the Board of Regents. The administration of Folwell had seen the faculty increase from 9 members to 27, the enrollment from 70 to 219, and the total disbursements from .119,508.20 to 898,700.83! From the lime of his inauguration to the time of his resignation. President Folwell had given 214 sheepskins to graduates. Before the young Colonel from the east had taken control of affairs, the University was unknown, un- honored, and unsung; after his regime, it was recognized as a great institution and educa- tional force all over the northwest. .Vnd when that greatly beloved " Cyclone of the West " , Cyrus W. Northrop, swe])t in from Yale, he found before him an established institution, champing at its bits, eager and able to rise to magnificent heights! P ' r i ' iiLentMmj-S, Tm 1 TTt ,7 7 " . teiSi i. itff asi e!f :t.iii.. ...ji nilshurii Hall Page J,l FROM the first moment when Prexy Cyrus Xorthrop ' s " ' noble brow, refined features, (lignified presence, and sym- pathetic voice made him a striking figure " in Minnesota life, he was written as one who loved his fellow men. He has lieen likened to Bunyan ' s Great-Heart, and has been called the " Nestor of the Commonwealth " . " The Cyclone of the West " , and, withal, a great and a good man who did justly, loved mercy, and walked humbly with his God. " His faith in the divine is child-like, jjure, simple, and unchangeable. " wrote . lice Jackson in the 1901 (iopher, " When, at chajjel exercises, the jirayer is offered by him the room is reverently still, all heads are bowetl. and a sjjiritual up- lifting is felt for there has been veritable com- nuuiion with the Unseen yet Ever-Present. " Students honored him. respected him and loved him; not having outgrown his own youth, he luiderstood the troublesome prob- lems of the young ])eople with whom he was brought in contact. Cyrus Xorthroj) was born September 30, 1834, at Ridgefield. Connecticut, where he secured his first schooling in a tiny, one-room building. In his early days, he combatted a tendency to tuberculosis of the lungs, but he increased his air expansion to six inches by the practice of deep inhalation and slow ex- halation. He graduated from Yale College in 18o7. from Yale law si ' hool in 1859. and received his doctor of laws degree in 1886, after which he became the editor of the New Haven Palladium, strongly supporting the Federal Union during the t itter days of the Civil war. He became professor of rhetoric and literature in Yale in 1863, and, in that capacity, instructed William Howard Taft, later president of the United States, in the elements of jjrose composition, on one notable occasion even advising the future cor- pulent statesman to cut out the first eighteen ])ages of a twenty-])age theme. In 1884 a sjjecial committee of the Board of Regents brought Northrop to the west as the second president of the I niversity of Minnesota. The years that followed the inauguration of Northrop were years of steady, unimpeded l rogress. The curriculum, the campus, the Page 42 enrollment, the faculty, and University or- ganizations of all kinds saw such exi)ansion as they had never before witnessed; mighty structures, solid and enduring, began to rise upon the strongly-knit foundations laid so wisely and well by Folwell and Pillsbury in the decades l)efore. In 1888 the College of Law. the School of Mines, the School of .Vgricul- ttire. and the Department of ledicine. in- Cyriis t orthrop Second Premilent of the Vnirersily. 1SSJ,-1910 eluding the Colleges of Medicine and Surgery, were established, and the first Gopher came out. The law building was erected at a cost of S30.000 the following year. The attend- ance passed the l.UOO mark for the first time in 1890, and two years later the College of Pharmacy was opened, and Millard hall was erected at a cost of S81.500. The S17.5.GOO lihrary luiildiiiii " as Imilt in 1S9I, llie same year in liirli the Miiiiicsota iiia aziiic, fore- ruiiiicr of the prt ' seiil Miiiiiesota ( iiarlcrly. first caine out. The atti ' iulaiico readied 2,UU0 in 189 " ), and the year after, the heU)ved and historic armory, with its " nohle assembly hall " , as one writer feelingly put il at the time, was erected, costino ' . ;75,()( ' )(). When, in 1900, the attendance readied H,()()0, tlie Minnesota Daily was estahlished to reflect the currents and cross-currents of campus o|)inion. Athletics, duriiiii the earlier part of or- thro)) " s lon administration, occupied a very subordinate position in University activities. Football was a rare thing, an interesting diver- sion, to be sure, but less exciting than a ((iiilting bee or a political dispute. Baseball was in its infancy, barely out of the cradle where spit-balls and curves were still undis- coveretl, and where home-runs were as fre- quent as dandelions on a green, western lawn; erocjuet and bicycle racing were the most fascinating sports for the gladiators of the day. A ])icture of the I ' niversity team in the 1889 Gopher shows that baseball was then in its Stone Age. The coach in the picture wore a high, silk hat and a dress suit, with a fine watch and fob dangling from his ] ocket; standing there, as if su])erciliously |)roud of his thick, i)lack moustache and thoroughly im- maculate appearance, he seemed more like a ball-room villain of the old Victorian melo- dramas tlian a i)eer of the department of Nnrlhrop iix In.ttructor to Chief J imtirc TafI Draini bi Rairxon for the Alumni Weekly piivsical cdiicalioii. Tiic |)layer in this pre- historic ])icture wore long neckties entwined about the collars of the ordinary lumber-jack shirts which were a part of their uniform; in front of the picture were the only objects which would identify the dignified aggregation m m I A S W 1 . 4 «( i IP 1 1 H Hr si i K ' fl m 1 H Ki m Maria L. San ford J] ' ho ira. M innevola ' . best Lored Woman to a modern s])ortsnian — two baseliall bats, one mask, and three gloves, the eternal |)ara- pharnalia of the game. In the same annual there also was a cut showing the year ' s foot- ball team, truly an awe-inspiring group, much more nia.sculine and leonine than the baseball team, for large, drooi)ing moustaches graced the stern up|)er-lii)s of six of the players. Though several of the men wore ties, football, even then, must have been a man ' s game. All members of the team wore white shirts em- })lazoned with the emblems of the University of Minnesota. Like leather helmets and the X-ray machine to detect broken bones, the moleskin pants had not yet been invented, and the football itself was almost as round as a basketball. The shirts of the ])layers were laced in front in the same manner as shoes, and bore a faint resemblance to the masculine corsets of the i)resent, demonstrated so often in tlown-town stores. Six rushers, one (|uarter- back, two half-backs, one back, and one sub- stitute com])leted the personnel of the be- whiskered team. An interesting sketch of a typical tennis-girl also appeared in one of the early Gophers. This girl, with her wide, fluft ' y skirt and leg-of-mutton sleeves, her tor- turous corset, and her wide hat with a tassel on top, might easily remind an average ob- server of Marie Antoinnette just before being led out to the French court-yard where she was executed. The tennis racket carried so gracefully by this athletic maiden was olilong, almost square in sha|)e. and looked like a small coal shovel. Page J,S The University of Miniiesota fiid not have a football team until 1S7S, and then, in the words of E. B. Pierce, " it was not our ])reseiit day game. It was evidently what the name denotes — football, i. e., ])layed with the feet. Games were scheduled with Carleton and Ham- line, and there were inter-class contests. " In 1886, Minnesota played Rugby football for the first time, with a ball that had been purchased by Alf Pillsbury . These early teams were coached by a Professor Peebles who came to the University from Princeton in 1883. " Apparently no games with teams out of the state were scheduled until 1890, " says Mr. Pierce, " when Grinnell came to Minnesota for a defeat of 18 to 13 and Wisconsin travelled 300 miles to be over-whelmed by a 63 to score " . The first professional coaching was done by Wallie Winter in 1893, and two years later came W. W. (Pudge) Heffelfinger of Yale. During this first period from 1886 to 1900, Minnesota was able to defeat all her inter- collegiate footl)all rivals in the years 1890, 1892, and 1893. The under-development of University ath- letics in the juvenescent years was largely due to the lack of a playing field and a corre- sponding lack of revenue from the small, but vociferous corner-lot conflicts. For this reason, in 1899, after the Board of Regents had passed a measure providing for an athletic field with a fence around it, and for the erec- tion of a grand-stand seating 1,000 jjeople, Northrop field was plotted. So great was the enthusiasm among the students that they voluntarily nailed boards on the fence, even though they realized that pecuniary emljarras- ments might later drive them to the knot- holes tlirough which to view future champion- shij) gridiron battles when only expensive box seats were left from which to see the pig-skin shoot through the autumn air. The new field was dedi- cated on November 4, 1899, amid such great and head-turn- ing festivities that directly afterward the ins])ired Minnesota football team was de- feated by Northwest- ern I ' niversity, 11 to 5. The attendance at games, however, soon increased to such m q 1 T flD I m i w " ■ _3 . I. Iln, ■mil niij Game on Minnesota rs. a point that, through the efforts of (iovernor Pillsbury two streets and four lots ailjoining the field were secured and added, enlarging it to six acres; 20,000 seats were then erected, and Alfred S. Pillsbury, Law ' 94, enclo.sed the field with a fence costing .§15,000. After 1903, no further changes were made. .Vftcr Northrop field was dedicated. Dr. H. L. Williams came from Yale to take charge of Minnesota teams and to ])ut into triumphant practice that famous shift which soon |)ut the University teams on the football ma]) of the United States. Dr. Williams jiad charge of Minnesota teams from 1900 to 1921, inclusive, during which period was formed the Western Intercollegiate Conference or " Big Ten " . During these twenty-two years, tinnesota was heralded four times as a conference leader, in 1904, 1906, 1909, and 1910, and seven times she lost the chamiiionship by just one game. Four times she tied for the " Big Ten " sui)rem- acy, with Chicago, [Michigan, Wisconsin, and Illinois. Under Dr. William ' s coaching, Minnesota scored 4,755 points to her oppo- nents 827, and for the entire historv of her football, from 1882 to 1921, scored 6,066 points to her opjjonents 1,395. In 1921, owing to the war and to the weakness of the ])hycisal education program, a re-organization was made. The University took over the entire athletic ])rograni, a Department of Physical Education and . thletics was created, with Fred W. Luehring as director, and a head coach was secured who could give his entire time to the work, William H. Spaulding. In the short history of University football, many great players have been developed on North- rop field. Five times have Minnesota players been placed on Walter Camp ' s Ail-American Eleven, Johnnv IcGovern, quarterback, in ' 1909, Jim Walker, tackle, in 1910. Bert Baston, end, in 1915 and 1916, and Earl lartineau, half-liack, in 1923. Other stars who will shine long in Minnesota ' s annals of honor include: Sig Harris, Gil Dobie, Pudge Wyman, Lorin Soliin, Lvle .Johnston, Hob Marshall, Arnold ( )ss, Neil Arntson, Otis McCreery, Boles Ro- senthal, Len Frank, George Ha user, and Ray Eklund. .Vth- letics have kept " Historic Northrop Field " steady pace with the loua, 1923 rest of I niversitv ac- ifiirffii, . Page U Dr. Henry father of Mill tivities, and thoy have heconie one of Miniu ' sota ' s truiij;est fosterers of scliool loyalty, pa- riotism, and devotion. The sanies])iril which made I he stu- dents of yesterday liorrow ham- mers to pound nails into the new fenee at Norlhro]) field for the football teams ;arlied in laeed shirts, later s])urred the students of today on to l)uild a ijreal Sladiuni for the foothall teams in moleskin ])ants. Never do sueh ardent, zealous, and vig- orous feeling ' s of University li ' e and enthusiasm surge through a student ' s heart as when, with bated breath and tremorous shivers, he tearfully or joyfully beholds his Maroon and (lold warriors fighting glo- riously for their Alma Plater. When, on the fateful night of February 15, 1898, the United States battleship . iaine was Idown up in the harbor of Havana, pre- cipitating the Spanish-American war, the University of Minnesota loyally responded to President ] IeKinley " s call for 125,000 volun- teers. Of the 218 Minnesota students and alumni who served under the colors during the war, 52 were in the University at time of en- listment. The student body at home su])ported their class-mates across the Pacific by sending them ( ' hrist mas ])resents, and liy having si mjile medals of honor struck off and sent to each former student in the ranks. Nine of Minne- sota ' s loyal sons lost their lives in the war. After the signing of the treaty of peace in 1899, a movement was started on the cami)us to build a memorial to the men who had served, and soon a statue of bronze, nine feet high, ])ortraying a soldier of 1898, and costing $6,000, was constructed opposite the entrance L. Il ' illiams nesolii Football to the Armory where, for years, it ha.s been passed by rank after rank of University cadets, [jarading in martial array. The sculi)tress was .Vlice Ruggles-Kilson. On either side of the entrance to the armory were also placed bronze tablets bearing the names of 218 men, their regiment, and their rank, and, on the base of the tower, near the main entrance, a small tablet was ])laced, bearing the names of the University of Minnesota ' s nine heroic dead. How different was the situation of the University during the Civil w ' ar, wdien the only stat- ues to be seen were animated ones of mournful cows gazing over the bleakness of campus knoll, or of turkey gobblers |)erched on the gables of Old Main, winking at the members of the legislative investigating committee below, who were wondering where the money was to come from so that a teacher could be hired and a few windows could be n i in the building to keep out the flies on hot afternoons. In 1863 the University was a liability and an eye-sore; in 1898 it was an asset, furnishing both men and money to spur the nation on to victory. The years following the war witli Spain brought uninterrupted and unprecedented de- velo])ment to the University. In 1901 the l)hysics building was erected at a cost of S75,000 and the Alumni Weekly was estab- lished. The only thing to mar the year was the death of (lovernor John S. Pillsbury on Octo- ber IS, after many years of unselfish and un- tiring service on behalf of the University and the State. In 1905, ;is a memorial to her For years u ' itliin the Ar- mory and on the parade yronnds in front of it, men .stndent.i have re- eeired. the basic training to sfep into officers ' posi- tions n ' lien their conntrif eallcl. Page ,■ ' ) I.-J, Mrs. A. F. Elliot left 8114,000 to the I ' niversity for the iiospital which today o er-looks the Mississippi from its s])leii(hd site on the river-blufl ' heights. The next year Alice Shevlin hall was donated hy Thomas H. Shevlin as a memorial to his wife. This build- iiii; ' has heeii called the most heautifiil huildinii on the campus hy a |)rominent author. The year 1907 was one of great rejoicing for the professors on account of the thirty |)er cent increase in salary which they recei ed. From the hiuincial stand])oinl. this year was one of the greatest in the history of the I ' niversity, as .|450,t)00 was granted for camjjus extension and $250,000 was granted for an engineering building by the State legislature, Folwell hall was erected at a cost of .1415,000 and the nniin building of the Department of Agriculture was built, costing 8250,000. The prophecy of William Watts Fohvell was now fulfilled: the state was taking a iuiIIidu as her unit! The Minnesota I ' nion, that convenient men ' s organization, was organized in l!t(l5. The administration of Cyrus Northroj) ended, by resignation, on A])ril 1, 1911, after tremendous strides had l)een made by every department of the University. During the twenty years of his administration, the enroll- ment increased from 289 to more than 5,t)00, the faculty increased from twenty-three to more than 300, the number of buildings from two to twenty-three on the main campus, and from two to twenty-three on the agricultural campus, the number of colleges from one to eleven, and the campus enlarged by approx- imately sixty acres. The budget for the first biennial jieriod of Xorthrop ' s administration was but $207,565.99; the budget for the second liiennial |)eriod was -13,097,972.07, or se enteen times as much as the first period. The total disbursements for 1883-84 were $98,706.83: for 1911-12 they were $2,085,291. 97. During Xorthrop ' s regime, Minnesota sohed the ])robleni of agricultural education, the school of agriculture established at St. -Vnthony |)ark in I8S8 })eing the first successful school of its kind in the United States. Under ( " yrus Northro]), the law de|);irtment grew from ijracticall ' nothing to one of the l)est ill the ' ountry, and the medical de])artment grew from a mere examining board to one of the leading colleges of medicine in the United States. The Minnesota College of Dentistry, wliicji was fostered and developed in North- i( |) " s time, is now hailed as the best in the world! At tiie first commencement under President Northrop there were nineteen grad- uates: at the last there were 580. There were Alice Slirrliti Hull, ilniniti-il hi Thiiniiis II Slirrliii «,v ii iiniiinntil lit his wife Ptlijr ' fit Il li 214 aluimii when I ' lT-iilciil Northro]) came to Miiiiic- (ila; llici ' f were 7. (10(1 liviiii; aluimii w hell lie Icll ! In fiitirc adiiiiiiiNi ralidii. from 1885 to 1!U 1. lie uavc out 8.8!U) lc,mocsl His was a woiidcrt ' iil rcijiii. Surely few iiicu liaxc cast the shadow of so inifihty, so beautiful, so uni(|ue a per- sonality oxer American col- lejie students as did Cyrus Northrop. Miahty it was in its siuiplicity. uniipie in its humanity, heantifnl in the simple faith in (iod that was the eore of the man. His character was an in- stantaneous force; it lifted Minnesota uj). From tlic jllowini; dawn of Folwell ' s administration to the fiolden morning of the present, the man Xorthro]) was a nolile tiridge. .Vnd nowhere else did Northrop come into such close contact with his " fellow students " — as he loved to call them — as at chaiiel, the forerunner of present day convocations. The etTeet of these meetings is sliown by the follow- ing verses which appeared in the Go])her of 1901: hen I ' n ' xy prays our heads all bow; A sense of peace smooths every brow; Our hearts, deep stirred, no whisjiers raise At chapel time when I ' rexy prays. .s fid II ■.sh ir, .1 . hen I ' rexy pra our IjeL- ter self Is raiseil above all thols of i)elf. To noiiler hves inchnc our ways. chai)el time when I ' rexy prays. And when, on April o, 1 ' I2l ' , the eyes oF Cyrus Northrop looked for the last time upon the green, bud- ding leaves of the oak trees on his l)eloved eampus, the hearts of thousands of people were hea ' y, for an honest friend, a good and faithful servant, their be- lo ed Prexy, had left them forever, to rejoin that I ' n- seen, yet Ever-Present (iod to whom, at chapel time, he so earnestly ])rayed. And if the spirit of Cyrus Northro|) could have hovered over the campu.s that morning when iiis funeral cortege, escorted by the Governor of Minnesota, the President of the University, the Regents, and Doctors of Philosojihy in their lilack. academic garb, winded slowly through the campus iictween long files of sad- tlened students and friends, surely it would have heard soul-messages from the assembled thousands whispered through the mist saying: " Well Done, Great-Heart, and may flights of angels sing thee to thy rest ! " ' iriiil Shihir Sluilfnt.s. faculff . riu ciils, anil Sliitr njllciats till Iff I their liailif tanks tn tin litiiiniiir tn t ir ri ' mnins nf M I iiitfnotd ' s (frntflif lif- Inml Icaih ' r. C i r ii k nrflirnp. Page 47 TTIE most fascinatiiit; things in all the kaleidoscopic realm of liistory are the l)eo])le themselves, the li ing beings of a past age, seen as in some curious ])lian- tasmagoria, back through the lens of time. Men are more interesting than things; stu- dents are more interesting than the books and buiklings, the pecuniary appropriations and the faculty wages of their schools. The spirit of an age is best revealed through the customs and traditions, or even the fasliions of that time. By digging into such old manustripts as the Gophers of the late ' 80 ' s, one can almost re-live those old, bright college days of long ago, when Old ] Iain was still standing, when the Minnesota Union, then the chemical laboratory, was filled with retorts and test- tubes, and when Cyrus Northrop still lec- tured so kindly in the now obsolete Chapel. By glancing into the tattered and torn pages of those ancient books, one can discover many quaint and curious things about the old graduates, who found it, perhaps, just as difficult as the students of today do, to master the intricacies of mathematical comjiuta- tions or the gutteral ])eculiarities of strange tongues under the rustling trees of campus knoll in decades long since jiassed into ob- livion. A horse and buggy going u]) a narrow lane — that was the frontisjjiece of the first Gopher ever published. Yhat connotations such a sketch carries to the minds of stu- dents of the motor-crazed present. Then, there are the pen-and-ink sketches of students smiling broadly under derby hats, dressed in white trousers, checker-board coats, and carrying canes or undjrellas, and chasing elusive sheep-skins up the scliolastic road! Other pictures show the girls (thev were not Left by the 1905 Class The Footbridge, which Passed leilh the Tracks called co-eds then) with their " Curls and bangs and frizzes, and frizzes, and bangs and curls, " some with lionnets and starched col- lars, sitting on lawns under silken i)arasols, watching ])eculiar basel)all games! How they would have giggled in surprise or gasjjed with horror could they have seen the co-ed of the present, with her bobbed hair and bloomers, playing baseball herself xuider the torrid sun, with the men doing the watching. In the athletic section of one junior class aniuuil were ])ut the Chess club, the Bounc- ing club, the Military com]iany, and the Football club. In 1868 the student Christian association was organized, and students were able to satisfy their longing for organization by forming Bilile classes and holding de- votional meetings. The Y. M. C. A. was or- ganized at the University on February 12, 1887. Back in the ' 80 ' s ' and ' 90 ' s, politics seem to have been more exciting than foot- Page 4S Iiall and l)a rliall. tor one year llicrc ua- a I{e])ul li( ail cliil). a Deinocratic cliiK. and a l r()hil)iti )ii (lull on llic caniijus! Wlial a wild and excitiiif ' ' time it must have hccn at class ri ' imions or All-l nixiTsity coiivocationsl Tlic most sinuular oruani .ation of all was tlir Ladies ' Military Baltalion wliicli was given so much puhlicity in the (iopher of 1S!I(). The menihers of this Mattalioii, all feminine. were dressed in hlaek and hlue uniforms, had indeseriliably long skirts which bulged out at the hips, and tight, uncomfortable-looking blouses. Though none of the soldier-girls had l obbed hair, they evidently constituted the out-])osts of that militant woman ' s rights movement which later was destined to swee]) the country, for they all carried guns I A |)anegyric adtlressed to the Battalion, ex- ])iates as follows: " .VU Honor to the Ladies ' Battalion, All glory to Compan.v Q! Warriors so modest, belles so i)retty. Ladies so charming, students so witty. Long life to the Pride of the ' U ' ! " Another more or less ironical ode ad- dressed to " My Military (lirl " , a member of the Battalion, descants thusly: " I know it is a sin For me to stand and grin At you dear; But your dress is so flat. And the zouave and all that Are so queer! " n artificial limb ad, an undertaking notice, and green-house and florist adver- tisements appeared in the same (iopher which was so stirred over the Ladies Hat- lalion. Could it l)e j)ossiblc that the militants also took u]) marksmanship? Vho can say? Still, whatever its shortcomings, we can do no harm by shouting from behind the veil of ears the words of the student-poet; " All Honor to the Ladies ' Battalion! " Pictures often tell more stories than learned tomes or cuneiform characters traced laboriously on ancient stones. What al])ha- bets or hieroglyphics are more pregnant with meaning than tlie student (lortraits in the old (io|)hers of the I niversity of Minnesota? Here is a ])icture of the cadet liattalion — all the members carrying swords and wearing moustaches. The students are in the main elderly — so we can deduce at once that it must have been difficult to secure a Univer- sity education those days on the western frontier. The state was new and poor, and time and money was necessary to leave the ploughs to go to school. Pictures can also give one an inkling of how people of the past looketl and of what they wore — which is al- ways an interesting, if not a significant spec- ulation. In the Gopher of 1890 there were two complete pages containing sixty-seven small ])ictures, thirteen of them of girls. TlMWtfM. J ' he Miseries of Drill arc no Moilcrn lujtortilion Fayc JfiJ V. THE DAWN OF THE GREATER UNIVERSITY 1911-1923 " " W " . I ' iiicciif ' .s Adiiiiiiistrdliiiii. 1.911-1917 LIKE a living organism, jjulsating and expanding daily with a new and more vigorous life, the University of Minnesota, since the days of Cyrus Northrop, has continued to move stead- fastly onward in the broad highway of progress. Every year great, towering structures of steel and stone reared their mighty facades into the air, adding new outlines to the long sky-line of the great western institution which stretched in undulating curves along the bluffs of the Mississippi. Under the three presidents who have acted in executive capacity since 1910, the University has broken away from all bonds and fetters of self-compla- cency or satisfied stagnation and has, by continual and i)henomenal growth, al- ready reached those desired pinnacles where she can begin to look beyond the horizon of Present Achievement and plan concretely for the Ultimate. Over the eastern brink of the campus a golden sun has already arisen, bringing into clear sight the glowing dawn of the (ireater University , which, in spite of the most terrific conflict in which the state and the nation ever ])articipated, has continually grown brighter, presaging an even greater and more radiant Day. As the brilliant progression of that epoch, the guiding star of which was Dr. Northrop, reached its fullest measure of achievement, the newly acquired person- ality of Minnesota o|)ened and fused witii its very essence the character and being of this cherished man. He left upon our memories an indelible record. The task which devolved upon the next guiding hand was to be one of no small degree of difficul- t.v — the new thing thus created, moulded and tirially established by genius, needed genius to maintain it. The first of the more recent presidents of the University was George Edgar Vincent who succeeded Cyrus Northrop and wlio was inaugurated on Oitober 18, 1911. (ieorge inccnt was the son of a bishop of the Meth- odist Episcopal cliurcli. :in(l was born in Rockford, Illinois, March 21. 18(34. He re- ceived his A. B. at Yale in 1885, and in 1896 was given the degree of Doctor of Philosoph.y by the University of Chicago. He became George Edgar Vincent Third PrrxidenI of the Unirersitii, UHl-lOi: nationally known as a brilliant orator, and, from 1907 to 1915, was ])resident of the Chautau(|ua Institution. The very first year of Vincent ' s admin- istration, 1911-12. was characterized by an extensive building program; in that year were erected the main engineering liuilding at a cost of $;250,000, the experimental engineer- ing buildina at a cost of .sJlOO.DOl), Millard Vttge oV Miiriiiii l.rltd) Uiirldii Fourth I ' n-.-iilriil ojllif V iiii-cr.iilij. 1917-1920 hall, costing S2()2.(K)(). the institute of anat- uiiiy. costing S24().0()0. and the §154,000 Kliiot Memorial hospital. Bloomers for co-eds became tra litional in li)14 with the com])letion of the 8125,000 woman ' s liyni- nasium. When three-(inarters of the new- chemistry hnildin " ere finished in the same year at a cost of s:;(i7.5(l(). the taiilali iiii;. {lastronomical odors of hoiled cabhafje and fried onions tickled the palates of students who before had only smelled hydrojj;en sul- l)hide fumes in the Minnesota I Dion, which formerly had housed the de])artinents of chemislry and i)hysics. Hy 1915, the mines building ' had been completed at a cost of •SI 45,000, and one year later students were able to examine and dissect the internal regions of the frog and the lumbrieus terres- Iris in the new biology building which had been erected at a cost of S200,000. All these l)uil lings erected as early as Vincent ' s time show the well-defined movement of the new- campus farther toward the river, and beyond Washington avenue. By HIKi, in fact, seven of the thirty buildings then proposed for the Greater Campus had been constructed and occupied ! The Vincent regime also saw the first tracks laid for the Inter-Campus Special, a street-car which was to carry students be- tween the main cam])us and University Farm, ati ' ording free transjjortation to those having work on both campuses. The State legislature of 1913 appropriated . ' !!()0,0()() for this well-known and revered trolley-line, which has done so much to make the Univer- sity look like a city in the miniature, with its street-cars and auto busses, railroad trains and flour-mills within walking distance of all. The new- trolley aided greatly in the unifi- cation of the institution as a whole, and also axoided (lui)lication in plant and ecpiipment iiy the ])urcliasing agents of the two campuses. When George E. Mncent resigned in 1917 to become president of the Rockefeller Foun- dation, the campus had been veritably trans- formed. New buildings had arisen on every hand. The faculty had increased from 449 in 1911-12 to 624 in 1917-18. Enrollment had almost doubled. During the six years in which he had headed the University, Presi- dent ' incent gave out 5,254 degrees, or more than half as many as Cyrus Northrop had granted in twenty-seven years! Truly, the University had prosj)ered under Vincent ! Yet, like many other good men, he was lost be- cause the State and the University failed to offer him suflficient inducements, pecuniary and otherwise, to remain in the west an l to dedicate his life to almost unappreciated service ! 2. liiiHon ' s Aihiiiiiis-tratioii. 1917-1920. On the eventful day of April 6. 1917, war was declared by the government of the United States against Germany. On the first of .Iiilx of the same year, Marion Le Roy Burton began his ])residency of the University of Minnesota. The new war-j)resideiit was boni ill Brooklxn, Iowa, on August ' M). 1S74. ' (! ■ W His boyhood was fenced in hy many financial difficulties, and he found it extremely hard to secure an education. Many times, in later years in nioments of reminiscence, he would recall the days when he sold newspajiers on the streets of Minneajiolis. Still, in spite of the almost insuperable obstacles against which he had to contend. Burton, in 1900, was able to secure his A. B. from Carleton college. Six years later he received his B. D. summa cum laude, from Yale, and the year following he became a Doctor of Philosophy. He also is a Phi Beta Kap])a. Biu-ton was teacher of Greek in Carleton academy in 1899-1900. and in 1908-9 he was Pastor of the Church of Pilgrims in Brooklyn. From 1910 to 1917 he was president of Smith col- lege in Northampton, Massachusetts, from which he was called to become the fourth president of the University of Minnesota. The dogs of war were rampant and un- restrained when Biu ' ton came to Minnesota, and the University, for the fourth time in her history, was passing through military vicissi- tudes. First, had come the Civil war. Then the painted Sioux, crazed with the smeU of blood, had run amuck over the prairies. Later the Spanish embroilment had fired the patriotism of Americans, and now the great World war threw over half the civilized globe into a gigantic international conflagration I The lirains of students soon began to whirl with visions of flaring torches on No- man ' s Land and Inu ' ning Zcp|)clins dashing madly to earth in a blaze of radiant fire. Even student publications reflected the prevailing thoughts of the time; the frontispiece of the 1920 (iopher reijresented a furious battle in the Teutonic forests, with shells bursting and cartridges exploding, the (iermans fleeing for shelter with hands over head, and triumi)hant .Vmcrican doughboys in hot jjursuit. This (iopher was dedicated to the " Men and Women of the L ' niversity Who Have Served their Country. " After the declaration of war, hundreds of students deserted their en- cycloi)edias and treatises to leave for the muddy trenches of Flanders. The battles of Euroj)e were substituted for the struggles for marks. Professors dropped their note-liooks and spectacles, jumped into khaki uniforms, and, with gun and knapsack slung over their shoulders, were off for the war. Including the men in civilian service, 125 members of the faculty served the government of the L ' nited States during the war. In the service also were 2,177 alumni and former students, and .-irii) untlergraduates. The University also fiu ' uished a well-equii)])ed base hospital which rendered noteworthy service overseas for more than a year. To her roll of honor the University of Minnesota added the names of ninety-eight heroic dead, sacrificed on the ])opj)y-blown fields of France. Diu ' ing the war days, the campus virtually became a cantonment. The 1,629 men in the Student Army Training Corj)s, all dressed as ])rivatcs in the United States army, gave a decidedly military atmosi)here to the Uni- versity as they marched briskly up and down the parade grounds to the sound of martial music and to the roar of heaw army trucks • 1 S. A. T. C. Days, when Students Donned Uniforms Page 52 m -_ lluiiulorinfi iij) and down the adjacent avenues. TIh- autliori .atiiin to ostalilisli this S. A. T. C. unit was received by the I ' niversity in Sei)temher of 1!H7, and the unit was con- (iiuicd from tlicn until December 21. UHS. Major Kal])h R. Adams of New York City first had charge of the Corps, bvit he was hiter succeeded by Major E. E. Wheeler. The whole University seemed to have turned safely turtle dunns the war; everything was changed. i)eoi)lc climbed out of the ruts and rolled, figuratively speaking, among the buttcrcu])s, breaking away from their creeds ' outworn and ancient traditions. Tiic Iniild- ings themselves were afiected. In the main engineering building, for instance, where be- fore the logical lore of Pythagoras had cast its absorptive spell over all, now were housed the student soldiers with their heavy, noisy army shoes and clattering knap-sacks! Stu- dents in the naval and marine units were stationed in Pillsbury hall, where, on merry evenings, they could sing lustily the battle hymns of their re])ublic in the very same rooms which once were filled with geological specimens, pieces of stalactite and stalagmite, ])erha])s. from jirehistoric times. Mess was served in the Minnesota Union for the men in the barracks, the Psi Upsilon was taken over for officers ' (juarters. and the . ll)ha Delta Phi house became the medical head |uarters. The Chi Psi and Theta Delta Chi houses constituted the student health service, while Phi Kai}i)a Psi was hostess house. Throughout the summer, the Univ- ersity also made its facilities available for training more than 2,600 drafted men as mechanics! The curriculum itself was affected by the war. such new and unusual coiu-ses as food and the war, naval engines, causes of the war. and aeroplane design being offered in addition to the conventional courses. English. Greek mythology, and calculus. Over in the Pharmacy College, students found time, in the course of their studies, to prepare gelatin veterinary capsules and digitalis to donate to the government medical corps. While the students and faculty members in war service abroad were jjloughing their hard-ft)ught way through the forests of Argonne. the co-eds they left behind them were doing other things except hanging the Kaiser in eflfigy. A I ' niversity Red Ooss auxiliary was formed in the latter part of October, 1917. Shevlin hall, by the end of the same month, was the scene of feverish fem- inine activity, as yarns had been installed in the W. S. Ci. A. office there, and every day sweaters, helmets, wrist ers, socks, and Irciich caps were turned in, measured, checked off in files, tagged, and llicii l.ikcn to Retl Cross Lest We Fonjet headquarters by I ' niversity volunteer motor cars. The s])irit of self-sacrifice was also demonstrated by the students at home in their enthusiastic reception of meatless, wheatless, and sometimes even eatless days, and in the tolerant and submissive manner with which they accepted shortages of all kinds. With irrepressible enthusiasm, they then pledgcrl their savings to Liberty loans. Red ( ' ross, Y. M. C. A., and other drives. In a giant campaign for Y. M. C. A.-Y. W. C. A. funds in UtlS. 4,100 students and faculty members pledged .§28,135 in a three-day drive. In the second Liberty loan cami)aign, .1|;349,689 was pledged by the University of Minnesota. The women of the camjius sub- scribed S8,499.()0 in the W. S. G. A. war chest cami)aign. The University had been weighed in the balance of service and self- sacrifice, and it had not been found wanting! Though the administration of Clarion Le Roy Burton had been disturbed by war, education had not been neglected. The number of degrees granted reached 1,832. The amount of money spent for education in 1921 was almost double that spent in 1917, the total I ' niversity disbursements being .«.■■), 737, 474. ()1. An(i when, in July, 1920, Burton left Minnesota to become President of the University of Michigan, the enroll- ment had already started to climb after the droj) during the war, reaching, in that year, the high figure of 9,027. Burton had seen the I ' niversity safely through a great war and a critical ])eriod, and when he left, he took with him the honor, respect, and admiration of the jx ' oplc of Minnesota. Page 53 112 iLl. S. Cojfinan ' .s Adminiitralioii. 1923. Lotus Delta CotTmaii. wIki was inaug- urated fifth president of the University of Minnesota on May 13, 1921, was born in Salem, Indiana, January 7, 1875. He at- tended the Indiana State Normal school at Terre Haute, graduating in 1896. Ten years later he received his A. B. from Indiana State University, and his A. M. in 1910. Coluniliia awarded him the degree of Doctor of Philosophy the following year. From 1907 to 1909 he was supervisor of the train- ing school at Charleston, Illinois. He was professor of education at the University of Illinois before he came to Minnesota, first to act as the head of her College of Educa- tion, and later as her President. Lotus D. Coflfman, who is the I ' niversity ' s present Pre. y, is recognized as a national authority on education, and has written numerous pa]3ers and reports on the subject. Dr. William Watts Folwell, as he sat in his dingy class-room in Old Main, listening to the crackle of the fire in the ancient iron heater, probably never dreamed that the cam])us really would ever assume its present pro])ortions, that 11,810 students would ever be passing back and forth beneath the scrag- gly oak-trees of the knoll on their ways to be instructed by a faculty of 636 members. As he looked out upon the dry stubble grass of the bleak campus in the early ' 70 " s, he saw, no doubt, great and wondrous visions of the future, but he could hardly have hoped that he would live to see the total disbursements of the University for one year reach S643,- 771.81 or to see a general inventory, such as that of June 30, 1923, showing the total value of the entire University of Minnesota to be .S17, 741,446. 42. Dr. Folwell could hardly have imagined, as he looketl u])on that one little brick building which dotted the campus in 1869 like a single period in a large volume, that fifty-five years later there would be forty-six structures on the main cani]nis costing .§5,818,643. .59 with equip- ment costing over two and one-half million I And could he ever have believed that the University would some day have branches and sul)-stations all over the State, at Crooks- ton, Morris, Duluth, Grand Rai)ids, Waseca, Zumbra Heights, Cloquet, and Itasca Park, valued con.servatively at . ' $1,575,115.57? Yet, all these things have co me to pass. The State today has taken, not one million, but four million for her unit. The University yesterday was a l)uilding, a street, and a village. Today it is a city, humming busily with industry, energy, and life. Twenty-seven national academii- frater- nities and IS national academic sororities have chapters on the University of Minne- sota cami)us. There are scattered, at present, among the various schools and colleges, 33 ])rofessional fraternities and sororities. And, with five dramatic clubs, several debating societies, class societies, religious and lan- guage organizations, there is an infinite variety of clubs and honorary societies. Buildings are Lotiii I), (ofl ' maii. springing up out of the ground, as if by the magic wand of an .Vhiddin, on all sides. Within the past two years, a new nuisic liuilding, a mines ex|)erimental building, and an addition to the chemistry building have been com])leted, and there is now under con- struction a new library, costing nearly half a million, an electrical engineering building. an l a .S400,()0() administration building, all of a standardized brick and stone type to harmonize with the I ' niversity ' s new campus! During President Coft ' man ' s administration, work got under way to remove the Northern Pacific tracks which bisected the campus. In his administration, too, on May 14, 1921, the day after his inauguration, the Greater University Cor])oration was first conceived, which was soon to ((uickcn the ])ulse and heart-beat of the campus with a new aiul vitalizing throb I Pitge 04 I V WAS iu lltOS. after llii ' I ' ort.v arres of the new campus had been i)iirchased, that the visioiiarv iiicture of a (ireater Minne- sota rai)idl.v l)e ian to tinfohl itself. The I ' nivorsity Ihcn lici;an to feel more acutely its iron-iwund confinement; vast throngs were clamoring for a higher education, room was limited, and the caminis fiecame over- crowded. And so the Boanl of Regents in- vited the architect.s of the country to enter into a n-i7.v com])etition for a (Ircater I niv- ersity i)laii wliii ' Ji would obtain the best l)os.sible treatment of this problem. Many firms competed, but the i)lan submitted by ( " Gilbert of New York was judged the best, and he was commissioned to make a more definite ])lau, which was adoi)ted in HIIO as the basis of the future develoi)ment of the campus, and which contemi latc(l the expenditure of over fourteen million dollars for Viuildings alone. These |)lans are today worked out, even to minute financial details: architectural drawings have been made, and many of the buildings in the great scheme have been comi)leted and are in use I Indeed, the engineering building, the mechanical engineering building, the electrical engineer- ing building. Millard hall, the anatomy building, the Elliot Memorial hos])ital, the biology, mines, and chemistry buildings, and the new library, are all units in the new cam- jius. The (ireater Minnesota is now no fan- tastic, hysterical ])ipe-dream: it is an attani- ment already being realized. To be young and to be a student will surely be li ' a cii in that red dawn when the glistening dome of the Northro)) Memorial auditorium and the slender. i)ointed s])ire of the cam])anile can be seen from all ])arts of the cami)us, when student choruses will sing for thou.sands of spectators seated in the nalural grandstand of the open air theatre below I lie b;ise of the ainpanile, and when students will -.aunter merrily on --unimer da •- up and down that stately central mall of liniiorrow, which will b - flanked on cither side by the sheer stone bluffs formed by buildings of the same harmoniou.s design and which will stretch from the auditorium to the caini)anilel The center of camjius life will then be shifted from the oak clusters of campus knoll to Washington avenue which will run almost through tile center of the mall, dividing it into two o|)en courts surrounded on three sides t)y semi-classic brick and stone build- ings, two of which, the new library and the chemistry building, are already built. The fax ' orite rendezvous of students then will be. not the venerable post office, with its age- blackened tower, its confusion and disorder, but the sweet-.scented botanical gardens, per- iiajjs. so cleverly built in the aljandoned stone (|uarries at the southern end of the mall, near the present river flats. And how different Washington avenue itself will look, with a large building stretching its unbroken length along the north side of the street from rnion to State st reet, where now a broad [lawn fur- nishes such an excellent baseball and survey- ing grounds to the young knights of St. Patrick. This building will shut off com- |)letely the engineering campus, leaving a large, green s(|uare. closed in on all sides by four structures housing all the deijartments of engineering and their branches. Still other squares and clusters of buildings will lie in peaceful ])rivacy distinctly .separated from one another, and each devoted to a different realm of learning. And over in the far corner of the campus, immediately beyond Northroj) field, toward Oak street, a great, horse-shoe shaped concrete structure will stand, an im- mense Stadium seating 50.000 cheering peo- ple, an eternal monument to the spirit ami loyalty of a united Minnesota, and a glorious Iribute to the ninety-eight soldier dead of the I ' liiversitx ' . The story of how the men and women of I ' oye 60 IHIi Minnesota brought Birnain Wood to Dun- sinane, how they achieved the impossible by bringing to the University, by their own concerted efTorts, a stadium and an audi- torium when State aid was denied, is a fitting and glowing climax, indeed, to the romantic progress of the Institution. Those thrilling autumn days in the fall of 1922, when the entire campus became flushed with the fever of excitement and energy, will live for a long time in the annals of Minnesota; all who had the fortune to participate in the project, all who contributed to it, either of their time or their money, will rejoice in the fact, and will remember it with pride all the days of their life. It was on May 14. 1921, directly after the inauguration of President ( ' ottinan, that 300 Gopher alumni gathered to form the nucleus of a movement that was to bring the stadium and auditorium to Minnesota. This group at once formed the Greater University Corporation and elected Thomas F. Wallace, Law, ' 95, president. Waiting until the finan- cial cramp which had boiuid up the State since the war had relaxed, the Corporation, at the beginning of the fall quarter, 1922, succeeded in welding the energies of the campus into a faculty and a student organ- ization. The faculty forces were directed by O. S. Zelner, assistant professor of engineer- ing, while Thomas W Phelps was chosen general chairman of the student drive. Division commanders and team captains were ajipointed in the various colleges, and a com- mittee of 1,500 students was formed from the Universitv at large. . s director general of the mammoth undertaking, Lyman Pierce, Liberal Arts, ' 92, came from his western home to lead the campaign, establishing his head- quarters in the Minnesota Union. The time for the drive drew near. On October 30, a French " 75 " was placed on the parade ground to shake the campus out of its Monday morning lethargy. Enormous signboards and snapjiy slogans carried the message into the consciousness of every student. Midquarter examinations were ])ost|)oned for a week. The first flash of ardor then l)lazcd into a steadfast fire of loyalty and enthusiasm. Eight thousand cheering students, led by the University band, surged into the Armory to hear addresses by the governor of the State and the president of the University. A football was punted into the midst of the crowd by Earl Martineau, now ail-American half-back, and the cam- paign was officially under way. And, at the end of a three-day, intensive drive, students had pledged .1665,000, which, according to Director General Pierce, was the largest amount ever raised in a single campaign on a University campus! A Greater jNIinnesota, with stadium and auditorium in addition to campanile and mall, was now assured. In a red blaze of triumph, the cornerstone of a magnificent Tomorrow had been laid. The sunset of the University was to be more glorious and illustrious than her obscure siuirise. Step by step, year by year, day by day, she had travelled a difficult course, but she liad never faltered, moving ever onward, ever upward. ;: ji ;ri! ' M " ' rttrr :.:ji - IBI .-1 r .vioH nf llic b ' iitun — Cd.v.v (lillnrt I ' lan of a Greater Criii-ersity. Page 56 Colleges nnh bmmfetratiun UN T HE University of Minnesota is an educational unit composed of related parts or colleges with tlie administration department at tKe head as tlie unifying medium. Tlirougli tViese subdivisions of the greater University the various fields of knowledge are explored and both professional and academic education accomplished, and by means of the University Extension the advantages of learning are brought within the reach of every- one wherever he may live. itfi Fage 57 :Pr est dent fas Z . otTm t Page oS -!- I m iii :■: ll l The State and the University I ' lie services of a state miversity to the ooiiinionweiiltli it serves arc liotli niiiiicrous and varied, tangilile and intangil)le, human and material, HUiral and practical. Supported largely by taxes for the training of the youth of the state in the various arts and sciences and for the practice of the various i)rofes- sions, it becomes one of the most ])owerfid arms of the state. Created and maintained to ])rovide a broader understanding of life and of mans relation- ship to men, it serves to (|uicken the human responsiveness of all with whom its graduates come in contact. Trained in the |)ractice and imbued with the ethics of the jjrofessions. its graduates, if they have sensed the meaning of the state university and have become truly inoculated with the craft spirit of the ()rofessions for which they are trained, devote themselves to the cure of the sick, the alleviation of human sufTering, the improvement of law, the better administration of human justice, the instruction of chil- dren, in fact, to practically everything that relates to the lietterment of human welfare. A gradiuite of a state university who fails to devote himself largely to public service knows not the meaning of a state university. A state university also serves the state in discovering new truth. A large share of the time and energy of its staff is devoted to research. Through long months and even years members of the staff working diligently in lab- oratory or library seek new knowledge. The boundaries of ignorance are always close by. New knowledge is the only real basis of true progress. Alany of the discoveries of members of the staff have had a value that can be interpreted in terms of a money return to the state. It could easily be shown that the wealth of the state has been increased millions u|)on millions (if dollars because of the iTitelligence and drudgery of the patient university researcher. It could as easily be shown that many of the studies and in- vestigations have created values of an ethical nature of far more im|)ortance than those that contribute to the wealth of the state. The university ' s greatest service is the preparation for life of healthy men and women who are interested in the great problems of existence and cixilization and who have come to rcali .c that to succeed they must make some contribution to the fiu ' tlicrancc of civilization and to tlir l i ' t tcrnuMit of existence. mi 4... ' i[iii t U Page -59 The Hon. Fred B. Snyder Minneapolis President of the Board Lotus D. Coffman Minneapolis Pre. ' ident of the Unirersiti The Hon. J. A. O. Preus St. Paul Governor of the State The Hon. J. M. McConnell St. Paul Commissioner of Edncafion The Hon. Pierce Butler St. Paul The Hon. W. J. M.wo Rochester The Hon. George H. Partridge .... Minneapolis The Hon. Egil Boeckmann St. Paul The Hon. Alice Warren Minneapolis The Hon. John G. Williams Duluth The Hon. Milton M. Williams .... Minneapolis The Hon. A. D. Wilson Guthrie The Hon. J. E. C. Sundberg Kennedy The Regent.s — represent- ing all parts of the Stale — in session assembled. It is here that the course and policies of the Uni- versity are guided. Page 60 THE GENERAL ALUMNI ASSOCIATION sc 1 ■ THE General Aluiniii Association f)f the University of Minnesota was orjianizetl Fehriiary 1, 1904. It was not until April, 1906, however, that a permanent secretary. E. . .Johnson, was a])i)ointed. Practically the entire work of the Association, includinf; the editing of the Weekly and the compilation of the Alumni Directory, rested ujjon the shoulders of one individual. It was a Her- culean task heroically met and much fine work was accomplished. The As sociation, however, meant little to the student body. Outgoing seniors were not ac- quainted with alumni history and i)olicy. They did not know the alumni secretary. He had no recognized jilace in the University regime, no natural contacts with the student body. Surely if the Association were to grow in ])roi)ortion to its annual output, seniors woulrl have to become personally interested in their status as members of the alumni body, and that involved knowing the secretary ])ersonally. In 1920 the Board of Regents established the office of field secretary and ap])ointed E. B. Pierce, former registrar of the University, to that position. Simultaneously and after conference with the Regents, the Board of Directors of the General Alumni Association elected Mr. Pierce secretary of the As.sociation. The work of these two positions could very naturally be united in one person, for there were certain functions dealing exclusively with alumni matters, such as the comj ilation and maintenance of the alumni roster, which proi)erly should be ]ierformed by the University, and, on the other hand, tlie alumni officers were the persons best qualified ff)r this work. Through this amalgamation the alumni secretary became an accredited member of the Univer- sity staff with headquarters on the cam])us. His University functions naturally led into active association with student life and interests and a wide acf|uaintance with the freshman, sophomore, junior, and senior classes. July 1, 1920, then, the date of the a]jpointment of the field secretary in the person of the alumni secretary marks the beginning of the intimate relationship between the undergraduate body and the (Jeneral Alunmi . ssociation. It is hoped that this relationshiji may long continue. :i| E. H. I ' icrcr and hi.s as ' .sh fants. — Through this office the interest. of L ' ni- rersity alutnui are foster- ed, and a clo.ter relation heftveen .srudent and ahim- HH.v it! .sought. Page 61 THE office of dean of women at the University dates from the year of 1907. when Miss Ada Louise Comstock, who had for some time been a member of the English de]iartment, was appointed the first dean of women. Tliis marked a new era in the social life of the women of the University, for tlie gift of Shevlin Hall afforded for the first time a center for their acti- vities. The old organization of the Women ' s League, stimulated by their beautiful building, and by the understanding encouragement of Miss Comstock, became newly active. During her ad- ministration, too, Sanford hall, the first dormitory for women, was l)uilt and ojiencd, thus unifying the life of the out-of-town students. Mlcn Miss Comstock was called to Smith College in 1912, she had already accomplished much for the women of Minnesota. INliss Margaret Sweeney succeeded her and was in office until 1917, when her health com- ])elled her to resign. While .she was dean she did much to broaden the contacts and outlook of the University women, and bring them in touch with the activities beyond the cani])us. Under her guidance the vocational conferences were started. Miss (lertrude IJeggs was dean of women through the two difficult war years, when the work of the men of the I niversity was so broken into that it sometimes seemed as though the women must carry the whole burden of academic continuity. In 1919, Mrs. Jessie S. Ladd, who through her connection with Sanford and SIicvIIti halls had been identified with the life of the women students since 1907, was made dean of women. The girls had learnetl to know and love her in these other relations so that when she came into the dean ' s office she brouglit with her their understanding cooperation. In the spring of 1923 Dean Ladd retired, after sixteen years of meritorious service to Minne- sota women, and Miss Anne D. Blitz, dean of women at the University of Kansas, succeeded her. The fine and self respecting inde])enilence of Minnesota women today, their earnestness, their interest in the things of the mind and of the sjjirit, their cordial desire to work for the best Minnesota that may be, — these qualities make one feel it a real privilege to share their life. For the high standard of Minnesota women the kind and friendtii gnid- anee of the dean of women is in a large degree re- sponsible. Here in her office she helps them in solving their problems. L:_ Page 62 THE ottic-e of the dean of . student atfairs was created by the Board of Regents in 1!)17. The estahh.shnient of this office, with its duties, was one of the steps which liave been taken duriui;- recent years in an effort to rebuild points of contact l)etween students and faculties. Ill tile early days of the I ' niversity when both tlie faculty and student botly were small in number, there %yas a much more intimate contact between the teacher and his students than i pi ssible now or than has been possible for some years. The teacher knew his students as iiidi- vi luals, their attitude, aptitude and. to a large extent, their personal problems. In an effort to regain in |)art, contact and knowledge of individual students, the College of Science, Literature and the .Vrts established, about twenty-two or three years ago, what they called a Students " Work Committee of four faculty members, with the dean of the College as chairman, hater this committee became the .Vdministrative Hoard of the Colleges of Science, Literature ami the .Vrts and of Education, dealing with all matters relating to the student, and his work and life in those colleges. Today we have a Students ' Work Committee in every college, holding frc(|ucnt meetings during each cpiarter, the chairman being accessible to the students at all times for conference, advice and help. The regents in creating the office of the dean of student affairs had in mind the establi.shment of a connecting link between all of these committees as shown in their statement of the luties and res])onsibilities of the office. The dean of student affairs is ex-officio a member of all faculties and of all committees which deal with student affairs, delinquencies in studies antl disci])linary meas- lU ' es. It is his dutv to oversee student activities, to co-o|)erate with the organs of student self government, to administer general University regulations concerning eligibilitv for |)ublic ap])ear- ances, to seek so far as possible to give consistency to disciplinary procedures, to do all in his power to promote among students and faculty a mutual understanding and good will and such other duties as may be as.signed to liim. ■J Office of the (U:(Ui of stii- dent affairs, the. (jiiiiiing center of stinleiii life and nctiriti). In spite of the fact that occaxionally the xhoe pinches, the student feels Dean " Sick " is his friend. Page 63 Ptcsidc d Oo ffrufr ' s S ' erre cf y — ' -4 ' ' I ' fid fry iA. df ' dhrand cAccoard ' t C? ipe o ' oT tph ' o A-r Page 64 7 ' lfr Ailiii inisfrtitioil at Work ACADEMIC Clarence Pcarsnn, Colleiie K ' litnr I THE early days of tlic I ' liiversity ' s history President William Watts Folwell drew ii| and submitted to the Board of Regents a |)hin for the organization of the University into the following divisions: A Deiiartment of Elementary Instrnction; a College of Seience, Literature and the Arts; a College of Agrieulture and Meehanie Arts; a College of Law. and a College of Medieine. The plan was to give four years collegiate or prejjaratory work, the first two years corre- sponding to advanced high school work, the last two corresponding to freshmen and sophomore college work, and two additional years (junior and senior) in any of the colleges. The collegiate work couKl he dro|)i)ed as the liigh schools of the state could provide, and the standard of work in the University raised. In its direct results, although it was not com])letely carried out nor con- tinued, it placed the Academic College on the same basis as the others as a ])rofessional, practical course, and it gave the University one of the finest organizations in the country, on the university rather than the college basis, with ilistinct professional colleges. This work of Dr. Folwell, combined with his [jromotion of the State High School Board, has been of immense value to the State. Mainly through his efforts to correlate the high schools and the University, Minnesota was the first Mate in the Union to provide free instruction in the public high schools for all pu])ils of the State, and now has a complete, continuous, and efficient .system of schools from the kindergartens to the University. The history of the .Academic College and that of the I ' niversity are one and the same during the years of early growth which have been given treatment elsewhere. It was not until the year 1888, an imi)ortant one in Unixersity history, during which several of the colleges were founded, that the se|)ar;ite existence of the College of Science, Literature and the .Vrts began. The library, the pride of the school for many years, was built in 1S94. It housed the depart- ments of English, economics, history and jdiilosophy, and was thus mainly an Academic building. " Old Lun " . first University building and the old home of the Academic college, was destroyed by fire in I ' .)()4. Li ' M)7 . to replace it, Folwell Hall, which has since housed most of the Academic The old lihrartj; — next year it yields lo a newer and ampler huildinii — but memories of past students uill still Itaunt it. Page 65 college dei)artnients, was completed. That same year Dr. Fohvell, the man in whose honor it was named and who had done .so much for the ( " ollege of Science, Literature and the Arts, both as President of the I ' liiversity, and as Professor of Political Science, resij ned his chair. This year, 1907, was a nieniora))le one for all the colleges, for the legislature, influenced by a campaign of the alumni, granted an increase in salaries of professors, and approjjriated a sub- stantial amount for the enlargement of the campus. This recognition of the needs of the growing University was a suitable and gratifying close to President Northrop ' s administration, which ended in 1909-10. In the same year came the resignation from the College of Science, Literature and the Arts, of Jaliez Brooks, first professor of Greek, who died a year later, and Maria San- foril, jjrofessor of rhetoric and elocution since 1880. During this |)eriod of growth, the College of Science, Liter- ature and the Arts advanced to a jjlace of distinction among American Universities. Recognizing from the first the value of scientific and literary courses as well as the traditional classical work, it established the departments of mathematics and chem- istry, which have developed into excellent dep artments. It later added ])hysics and geology. Botany, started in 1887, has grown through the work of Professor Conway McMillan. The de])artment of biology has been admirably developed by Henry F. Nachtrieb, professor since 1885. In the same way, language and philosoijhy departments were established early and have pros])ered. English work was ad- anced during this period through the work of Professor George E. McLead and [Maria Sanford. The department of history had its beginning here in 187-4, when chairs of history were very few throughout the country. Harry P. Judson, professor since 1885, and Willis M. West, since 1893, have been notable members of this department. Economics and ])olitical science assumed great ini|)()rtancc through the work of Dr. Folwell. In 1892 a chair of pedagogy was created, and from this lieginuiug in the Academic College, has grown the new College of Education. In 190o-04, J. F. Downey, professor of mathematics, l)ecame the first Dean of the College of Science, Literature, and the Arts. From then on the work of the College was made more elective; in 1909 a ])lan of con.solidation of subject.s into groups was formulated, the princi])le of which is in effect in the College today. President Xorthroji came to a LTniver.sity of 289 students; he left it one of 5,000 students. AVhen he came the entire faculty numbered twenty-three; when he left the faeidty of the College of Science, Literature and the Arts contained forty-seven professors, thirty-three assistant I)rofcssors, fifty-two instructors and fifteen assistants. He found the Academic College housed in one l uil(ling, the " Old Main " ; he left it with the beautiful new library, the many rooms of Fol- well hall, Pillsl)urv hall, the ])hysics building, and the chemistry liuilding. He found it with no organization: he left it with a dean, and many new departments which have no w a ])lace un- challenged among American L ' niversities. Since 1910 the College of Science, Literature, and the Arts has undergone a ra|)i(l growth, both in the size of the student body and of the several departments of instruction. The number of freshmen, in jiroportion to the | o]-)ulation of the State, trebled between 1910 and 1920. The Dean John B. Johnston The Phifsics hnihUn(j — a lasting v)on}nnrnl to that jaliauf arjiiif of stndentft who have me their Water- loo xeithin.—U. I. P. Page 66 excellent standiiiii f tlic senior coUefiC is indicated hy tlie fact class had come as sindcnis witli advanced standings from otlu and from other states. In ntI()-HtI7 the first stei)s were taken to draw a division line V)et veen the freshman and sophomore classes on the one hand, and the junior and senior classes on the other. They now constitute respectively the junior and senior colleges. The distinction was not marked at first, hut has heen increasing until the junior college, besides being ])re- paratory for advanced academic work, is largely a pre-])rofessional college, offering work in j)rei)aration for the several i)rofes- sional colleges which require variou.sly one and two years of i)reliminary academic courses; one of its chief functions is to allow students who expect to attend the univer- sity for only one or two years to elect " ° ° courses suited to their individual needs without being bouml by the requirements of a general course. Ihat in 1023 GO " " ; of the graduating r institutions, both within the State Tilt ' HioUxjy Jiitilding large number of vocational or semi-])rofessional courses, uch as social and civic training courses, and those tor medical technicians, have grown up within the Academic College since 1910. These constitute regular curricula extending over a nund)er of years. .Vnother important change was brought about when, the year after the ABCI) system of marking was established by the entire university, S. L. .V. in 1914-1915 translated the old re([uirenient for grafluation. (that the candidate must receive the grade of " good " in half his work.) into the honor ])oint system. By the change, ISO honor i)oint.s and 180 credits nuist be received, although not neces.sarily together, so that a student may take more than the customary four years for graduation. Two other recent develo|)ments in the college are the c[ual- ity credit system, adopted in November, 1921, l)y which every five honor jjoints in excess of one jier credit diminishes the number of credits required for graduation by one; and the .system of graduation with the honors of cum laude. magna cum laude. and smiiiiiu cum laude. which was also adopted in 1921. Intelligence tests, first used in 1917 for entering freshmen, have been studied from year to year with regard to their reliability in indicating the ability of stmlents to do college work, with the result that the quality of the student ' s work while in the university can be well predicted. In lOK? .Tolin H. Johnston was ap])ointed the second dean of S. 1,. .V., by President Vincent Dfuit Eiiwnttis J tilnt ' . I)tt Pllltthiiry Hull, hniixiiig the Ilriillh Service — the nulrutioii of xtiidenl.s af- flicted leith nrercitt cUt.-ates. Page 67 to succeed retiriiia Dean Downey. Two new offices were created in 1919, those of assistant dean of the senior coUeuc and assistant dean of the junior college. occu])ied respectively by J. M. Thomas and W. H. Bussey. R. R. Shumway was, in 1915-10, ap])ointed assistant dean for students ' work, taking the j)lace of E. E. Nicholson, who was made dean of student affairs. The College of Science, Literature and the Arts now renders a greater and more varied service to the State than ever before. With the development of Minnesota and the other states of the great middle west the University has passed through several stages in which the part ])layed by the College of Liberal Arts has changed in to changing conditions. Din-ing the early period the western states (except lichigan) did not support the professional schools. Today every student takes it for granted that they should. A student who desired collegiate training for a profession attended a jjrivate school or one of the institutions in the East. During this period in Minnesota, comprising President Folwell ' s and the early part of President X irth- rop ' s administration, the services of the tniversity to the State were such as c(ndd be rendered by a College of Liberal Arts which gave instruction in the sciences and in agriculture and mechanic arts. Here young men and women learned the use of a wide range of l)ooks not otherwise accessible to them, increased their store of information, widened their horizon, gained a better knowledge of human relationships, deej ened their sympathies, and fashioned their ideals of social progress and of community, state and national destinies. These were the services of higher education under relatively pioneer conditions. The transition to the second period came from 1886 to 1890 when the institution was differ- entiated into several colleges and took on the as])ei ' t of a modern university. A sharp increase in attendance in the College of Science, Literature and the Arts marked the beginning of the new period. This second period was characterized by the building up of professional schools and the ad- justment of relations of the college to them. It soon became evident that the new State schools, added to the older jjrivate ones, would more than meet the demand for professional men, and there arose a persistent call for longer courses and better preparation for ] hysicians, lawyers and others. After the professional .school courses had been lengthened to cover more adequately the desired technical subject matter and practical training, still further improvement was sought by prescrib- ing certain courses of study which the student must i)ursue in the College of Liberal Arts before entering the professional school. By introducing these pre-professional years, leaders and teachers in the professions hoped to secure in their students greater intellectual maturity, accuracy of observation and clearness of thinking, together with a knowledge of certain natural or social sciences which they considered fundamental to the professional studies. These new relationships were fully worked out liefore the World war. Throughout this second period the College of Liberal Arts continued to train future citizens in straight thinking, Page 08 Arllxr. ' Drairing of the Xi ' ir Lihrary. irlifn: Ample Sliiily Room Miu ul Last Be Found in hreadtli of outlnnk. in clear vision, in liuinini sympathy and in courafjc to meet the ])rol)lems of social dcvolopniont. Such were her };radualos. This contrihulion she made year by year to the citi enshi]) of every comnumity of tlie Slate. One staue or ( ' ondition of a social inslilulion is scarcely stabilized before it begins to be made over into another. The third stage in the history of tlie College re|)resents a new and greater and nnich fartiier reaching dcvciopnient of its service in training of Mon-i)rofessi()nal clement- of the |)()pnlation. . .s the high schools ra|)idly (le ' clope l mi the " 80s and " lK)s and have continued to grow to the present day. so the colleges have en- tered upon a periotl of growth which will result in their .serving great of ])eople who have had o])portunities for education beyond the high school only through chau- tauipias, university-extension, and the like. This growth Ijegan in Minnesota in 101.3, was interru])ted by our entrance into the War, and is now continuing at a rajjid pace. Through the second ])eriod the University was organized to train approximately as many professional men and teachers as the State required. The people who are now crowding to the University are demanding not only general cultural education but also si)ecific vocational training. In meeting this demand the College will care for its increas- ing numbers of students and greatly augment the mass of cultured citizens. The tasks of the College of Liberal Arts are ever the same, ever new and ever challenguig. The training of men ' s minds must go on, that the vision and judgement of our eitizenshi]) shall not fail. The training of scientists, of scholars, of investigators must be extende d and strengthened that knowledge and truth shall not be lacking to our leaders. The training of teachers must go forward with greater energy, deeper insight and truer appreciation of human nature so that guides and coun.sellors shall not fail the coming generations. The Ohxcrralnri — a Ildiiiil for SlarfiazcrK ACADEMIC CLASS OFFICERS SENIOR J.WIES U. BOH.AN . Rt TH Sm.VLLEV Clare Llger . Meklix Carlock SOPHOMORE Prcxideiit Carroll D. Gietzen I ' n-.iidnd President Mary F. Graham I ' . President Secretury K. Warrex I ' " awcett Secretary Treasurer 1$ARBARA Harris Treasurer Clarence X. Pearsos . delaide Stexhaic. . LlCILE Mo W.vlter L. Rice JIMOK President V. President Secret aril Treasurer Roger Gcrlev Mary Carpenter Mary McC.ybe . twood Craxstox FRESH MA. President President Secretary Treasurer Seciv .tf d uninr Class OJfir Page 69 ENGINEERING Clyde 11 ' . Lighter, College Editor THE early days of tlie College of Engineering and Arcliitecture were interesting ones. Can you imagine a fielfl class e((uipped with one coniijass and one chain? That was the total of engineering e(|uipnient owned by the University in the year 1871, when courses were first oflFered in civil and mechanical engineering by the College of Agriculture and lechanic Arts. The responsibility of teaching all the subjects jjertaining to these courses was placed u]ion Arthur Beardsley, profes.sor of civil engineering and industrial arts. There were less than a dozen students enrolled that year and the field class consisted of three men. The one compass and chain were not overworked. The next year a general reorganization of the College took jjlace and the College of Mechanic Arts was formed with Professor Mitchell D. Rhanie in charge. In the next ten years, ten degrees were conferred. In 1886 an a])proi)riation was made for a new building, which was finally erected in 1888 and was known as the mechanic arts buikling, now occu])ied l)y the School of Business. Under the direction of Professor Pike an electrical course was added in 1887. Many changes and additions were made in the early nineties. In 1890 William A. Pike, professor of physics, became dean of the college, the first man to bear that title. A course in mines was added and the name was changed to the College of Engineering, ] Ietallurgy, and Mechanic Arts, with Yilliam R. Appleby as professor in the new course of metallurgy. This department was detached, however, as a separate one in 1896. Profes.sor George D. Shepardson came from Cornell in 1891 to take charge of the electrical de])artment, remaining in that capacity since then. In the following year Dean Pike resigned, to be succeeded t)y Christo])her W. Halk Reports of this year show an enrollment of 1 14 regular students. Professors S])ringer and Kirchner were also added to the stall ' during these years as instructors in electrical engineering and drawing, respectively. Tliese men, too, came to stay. They are both professors in their courses now, and have been essential in the development of their departments. The outpost of Experi- mental Engineering , where inventive students operate cranes, turbines, and motors. Page TO Vftcr tlu- rcsionation of Dean Hall in 1S«.»7. I ' l-csidciit Xorllimi) actcil in that jjositioii iinlil tin- olectioii of Fmlerick S. Joiios in l(t()2. Francis C. Slu n«-hon, a .m-adnate of enf-incciiiifi from the University of Minnesota, was elected to the deanship after Dean .lones resigned m UtOi) to go to Yale, and held the jwsition until his resignation in 191(j. In the next year. li)l(), the first course in architecture was offered, hut in the year following, on account of the lack of funds for develoiinient. it was dropi)ed. It was contiiuied in 1 ' .)I2 with Wni. H. Kirchner as head of the depart nient and Edwin 11. Hewitt as lecturer. Follownig the Cass (iilhert plan for the new Campus, the exi)eriniental laliora- tories building was opened for classes in Septcnihcr. 1911: t)ul the present nuuii engineering building was not conii)leted until the following year. Architecture was made a department in 19i:i, and Professor Frederick M. Mann was secured from the University of Illinois as head of the deijartment, with Roc C. Jones as assistant iiro- fessor. Professor Mann received his degree in civil engineering from Minnesota in 1892, attending Massachusetts Institute of Technoloiiy later, where he received his architectural training. In the fall of 191(j the name of the college was changed to th e College of Engineering and Architecture. Dean Shenehon re- signed in 191i). the vacancy being tenii)orarily filled by Professor Brooke of the nuithenuitics and mechanics de])artment until the election of John R. Allen to that position in 1917. He served until 1919, when he accepted an important position in engineering research. After the war, with the resignation of Dcaii . llen in 1919, the Board of Regents decided to correlate the aclministration of the College of F2ngineering and Architecture witli that of the School of Chemistry under one administrative head and Dean Lauder W. Jones of the latter school was made dean of the former also. He remained in this capacity one year, leaving to go to Princeton. In 1920. Professor Ora Miner Leland, of Cornell University, was a])i)ointed dean ot both colleges. Dean Leland, a graduate of the University of Michigan in civil engineering in 1900. was in the .service of the U. S. Coast Guard before and after graduation, in various parts of the L nited States, Porto Rico and Alaska. During the war he was a lieutenant colonel of engineers in the organized reserve of the U. S. Army. In this same year the Associatit)n of Engineering Students organized a student.s " cooperative Ijookstore, by means of which students are enabled to get their books and sujiplies more con- veniently and cheaply than elsewhere. The profits from sales are divided each year among the students. At this same time the Techno-Log, the follower of the Miiuiesota Engineer, made its first appearance, spon.sored also by .V. E. S., with M. F. Wichman as managing editor. In 1922 the Association of Engineering Students was rei)laced by the Technical .Vssociation, composed of the departmental technical societies in the College of Engineering and Architecture, and the School of Chemistry. The executive body of the association is called the Technical Commission and con.sists of the presidents of the societies, five in number, with two faculty Di;ni Ora M. Lclnnii I C I V I ' . I I i n :i i r " JB " -, The Engineering group as Ihe birds see it, show- ing the radio toners and the Vnirersiti Library under eonsltuction. Page 71 The St II (I e litis ' Coopenilii-c Bonk.ilore t mental tecliiiical the Coiiiinission the result of the just north ' l.oth the nienihers apjiointed liy the dean. All students who are niemhers of their dei)art society are now nienihers of the Technical Association and are re|)resente(l on hy their jiresident. " Arabs " , the dramatic club for engineers, came into existence in 1921 as increased interest taken by the students in that art. In the spring of 1923 ground was broken for the new electrical eni;ineering buildini; of the main building. It will form one wing of a complete .structure which will house electrical and mechanical de])artnients. Passing from history to the present, the most important celebration of the year is Engineers ' Day, when the entire student body dons the green in honor of St. Patrick. The custom had its origin back in 1903 when an hierogly])hically marked stone was unearthed in the excavation for a new wing of mechanic arts building. The strange marking on the stone caused much discussion, and finally one senior, more versed in sign language than the rest, translated it to read. " St. Patrick was an engineer " . This caused much rejoicing, for it had been generally believed that this gentleman ha l been a stone mason. A celeltralion took ])lace that night in honor of the discovery, and the institution of Engineers " Day has grown up in consequence. Soon after spring vacation this general homecoming and celebration is in order. The entire college takes part. In the forenoon the various laboratories are in oi)en house order with exhibits of student work, taken care of by volunteer groujis of students. These exhibits are for the benefit of alumni, jiarents an l friends. At noon conies the grand |)arade with floats illustrating the various activities of the college. In the afternoon the students are hosts at an in- formal reception with green tea and dancing in the main auditorium antl the corridors. The day is brought to a grand close by the Engineers ' Ball in the auditorium that evening. Two of the de])artments have traditional events of their own. Each year the architects are hosts to the whole University for one day when the work of the past year is displayed in the halls and classrooms. Tliere are social activities in the evening. In alternate years the eleetricals also invite the University for a day to view their accomplish- ments both in laboratory work and in unique contrivances showing the possibilities of electricity. A dance in the auditorium in the evening follows the display. Each summer the civil engineering juniors of the past year are taken on a field lri|) and cam]). Piiijv 72 ,U Xorwiii Beach Interior o Exprri menial Hiiilillnij Last summer tlie 1924 class had its six weeks ' fam|) at Norway Beach, Cass Lake. Their work consists of putting into practice on a hirge scale the funthunental theories learned in the classroom and on the campus as a practice field. During these years of development many men have gone forth from the College who are now serving state and nation, some of whom have attained national repute m then- hues. ENGINEERING CL. SS OFFICERS SEMDK . lfred R.WMOND Johnson Rei BEN Grant President V. President . Sec.-Treas. JUNIOR Oswald French Philip Hartman Hi ' GO Hanft . Ernest Cole . President I ' . President Secretiirii Treasurer SOPHOMDKI ' . George Mork Seth Witts Richard Jones I ' Ai L Fenton . President I ' . President Secretary Treasurer Junior Class Officers m Osa jtd J ' n ' uci Page 73 THE ARCHITECTURAL SOCIETY et; :iL 1 Ci. fi: OFFICERS Wallace Bonsall Lawrence Tvedt Mary Slocumb . Clyde Lighter . Dorothy Mann . President V. President Secretary Treasurer . Custodian THE Architectural Society is an organization composed of students registered in the de- partment of architecture, having as its aim the fostering of feUowship and practical train- ing among the members. Among its activities for the year are the following: An annual costume ball and jubilee, comjiilation of a year liook. and making models of buildings under construction on the campus. Molander Tvcdl Edwards Silver Peterson Krafjt Jansma Xystrom Ilaugun Ehslrartd Jennings Baekstrom Root Freehcrij Santo Dower Kilpatrick Rankin Silverman Carlson Uolien Bross Kendall Smith Croirell Barnum Nelson Gerlack Fteyol Stolle Slocnmlj Johannsen H ' ise Orison Rigg Lantz Lun Peterson Uernland Lighter Rosenberg Bunsdtl Brink Prirhard Richardson Page ' 1 1 OFFK ' ERS P. L. Bergquist President E. R. Graxt r. President R,. Y. LuxD S ecrefary R. W. Bauer Treasurer THE American Society of Civil Engineers is the oldest eiigineerinfj organization in the world; it was founded in 1852. The society is vitally interested in the future engineers of the nation and therefore encourages the formation of student chapters in the leading engineer- ing institutions in the country. The Minnesota student chapter is one of the most active engineering organizations on the campus. .Vlthough it has been in existence for only three years, it has .shown a steady and con_ sistent membership growth from year to year, and at present has 157 members, constituting eighty, two per cent of the total civil engineering registration. One feature of the society has been its banquets, which have been held at frequent intervals. At these meetings prominent local and visiting engineers have spoken on topics of current interest. lllii II Page lO AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS . 1 I !31 g. OFFICERS Lyle K. McLeland Chairman Fred R. Kapple Secretary Lloyd Felly Trea. urer IX the A. I. E. E. the electrical engineers of America are united professionally in an organiza- tion for the advancement and theory of electrical engineering, and the allied arts and sciences, the maintenance of the high standing of the ])rofession, and the development of the individual engineer. The society has meetings every month, at which some speaker of note in the engineering field is on the program. H. C. Evarts, of the American Telegraph and Telephone Company, F. Douglas of the General Electric Company, and R. E. Doherty, consulting engineer for the same comjiany, have given interesting talks at the latest meetings. The Minnesota Student Branch of the A. I. E. E. has as its members approximately 80% of the students in the Electrical Engineering College. It therefore furnishes a strong bond of interest among the members, and assists in the co-oj)eration between the faculty and students of the department. l:,.j, AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS . ti- :iL rEi_ OFFICERS Joseph Andmrson I ' nsidctil Frank MoKRis WPrcsidnd Edward Koi hlkr Scrrefarn Kenneth Ross . . . . ■ Trcdsnrcr THE L aiveiNity soitioii of llic AnR ' rican Sotioty of Mechanical Engineers was organized on November 13, 1913. Since that time the students, with the ready cooperation of the faculty have built a strong active organization. Its members have been active promoters and supporters of all University activities in general, and College of Engineering activities in particular. Through Professors Flather. Rowley, and Robertson, professional engineers of international fame address the section at its monthly meetings. Student talent was featured exclusively at the annual liani|uet, to wliidi all Twin City engineers were invited. P ' UJC l|t t I ' l ' ' T ' T ' l ' " H irT»»i ' t AGRICULTURE I Lloyd Vyc. College Editor A ARX niy countrymen tliat the sreat recent progress made in eity life is not a full measure of our civilization: for our civilization rests at bottom on the wholesomeness, the attractive- ness, and the conijjleteness, as well as the prosperity, of life in the country. The men and women on the farms stand for what is fundamentally best and most needed in our American life. Upon the develoijment of the country life rests ultimately our ability, by methods of farming requiring the highest intelligence, to continue to feed and clothe the hungry nations; to supply the city with fresh blood, clean liodies. and clear brains that can endure the terrific strain of modern life; we need the development of men in the open country, wlio will be in the future, as in the past, the stay and strength of the nation in time of war, and its yuidinii and controlling spirit in time of peace. " ' — THEODORE ROOSEVELT. Institutions like liooks have their beginnings. Just where and at what time the germ begins its manifestation of life is not easy to determine. Perhaps far removed from the great activities of life a thought takes form in the mind of one who develops and discusses it. Finally it attracts the attention of the public. Then some enthusiast takes it up, pushes it forward and it becomes a success. THE COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE From the ] Iinnesota laws of 1851, Chajj. 3, ]). 9, Sec. 10, we (luote, " The University shall consist of five departme nts: including the de])artment of agriculture. " This department is composed of the College of Agriculture, Forestry and Home Economics, Adminislration and Engineering building, home of the guiding minds- of the College, of the libra- ry, and of mechunie arts. Page TS tlic various cxpt ' i-iiiu ' iLtal and (lciii iTi traliiiii farina, the ScIhkiI iiT Aiiricull lire, llio Extension Division and tlic Siiort Courses. Dean Walter ( ' . ( " ott ' ey is in ((unpiele cliartje of its aeti ities. Agricultural eilueation in Minnesota dates hack to an act ol ' the legislature a])pro " ed March 10, 1858, which set aside lands, and estahlisheii and located a state agricultural college at or near ( " ilencoe, McLeod county. ' I ' his institutioTi was named Steven ' s Seminary in honor of a pioneer. Twelve directors were a])]i )inlcd, hut nothing was done to develop the college. .lulv 2, 1862. Congress agri- l)asse(l the Morrill act, granting lands ))r oviding for colleges of cidture and mechanic arts. This entitled .Minnesota to 120,1)00 acres of land. The state acce|)ted the grant, ])ledged itself to comjily with the jjrovisions of tlie act, and the (Jovernor com- pleted making the selections of the lands in IStili. The Hoard o( Regents desired to unite the .Vgricultural College with the Iniversity. . hill for the consolidation of the Agricultural College grant with the University of Minnesota jjassed the legislature and was aj)proved March 5, 1868. In 1868, a year hefore the University proper opened, Edward II. Twining, a professor in Washington College, Pennsylvania, was ai)])ointed to give ])rominence to the Department of Agri- culture and to take charge of classes in ap|)lied ciiemistry and natural sciences closely connected with agriculture. The Regents reported fifteen students taking the agricultural course in the l)reparatory dej)artment, fitting them for the .Vgricultural College. In 1869 the college dei)artment opened, with eight students and Colonel D. A. Rohertson in the position of in- structor. Dalston P. Strange was made professor of theory and practice in 1871 and Chas. Y. Lacy, a gradnate of Cornell, served as ])rofessor from 1874 to 1880. AVilliam .lohnson Barrett was the first student graduated, receiving his di|)loma in 1S82. The College of .Vgriculture remained in a more or less comatose condition until 18S2 when Edwarti D. Porter, professor of the theory and practice of agriculture, introduced " The Farmers ' Lecture Course " . Two hundred and fifty-five ])ersons attended. The coarse was ojien to all, without fee, examinations, or other conditions. Here the farmers were given information of practical value by leaders of their profession. Among them were Honorable George B. Loring, United States commissioner of agriculture, and William H. Brewer, professor of agriculture at Yale. Several similar courses were given the following vears. Dcu„ li ' utltr C. Cofaj Evolution of tne School of Agriculture The school of practical agriculture was opened in May, 1886, and ten students were admitted. Professor Porter ' s reports in ■ » i H 1886 give an idea of the purjiose and plan of the school — the k v, B ' ' " attempt to educate farmers ' sons in the theory and I practice of agriculture. " The design of this school is to give Bk 4 V i .voung men a thoroughl.v ]iractical knowledge of American agri- H ' 1 culture " , said a l ulletin exijlaining the course. " Pupils will ft ■ reside upon its University Farm and be regularly employed in all B au the operations; not required to engage in regular studies or reei- m U Bl y tations, but have access to the library of the University and be directed in their reading. Practical lectures and instructions Dean Edirurd M. Freeman . .jij j g x er wn those l)ranclies of work which engage their attention. Labor will })e paid for at the rate of from five to fifteen cents per hotn-, depending upon the age, skill and industry of the |)upil. This school will ()])en May 1st and close November 1st, but a limited number of students, who wish to ])rosecute their studies in the winter management of slock and dairv. can remain the entire year. All candidates for graduation in the College of Agriculture will be rec|uired to take the ecjuivalent of two fidl sessions of this course. " This course was continued for three seasons, twenty-one students l)eing instructed during that time. In tlie s] ring of 1887 Professor Porter presented the plans for its expansion to the Board of Regents, ' i ' hesc plans were adojitcd and announcement made in the current catalogue. The Page 79 i 1 r r " T ..AlU ' .l The Fttrwhousc announcement stated tliat " This school is not designed to take the ])hice of the College of Agriculture of the University, hut to meet the wants of a great number of young ' men who wish to secure a better education in those liranchcs of science which relate directly to agricidture than is furnished by the ordinary district schools of the state, ])ut who do not wish to go to high school or college; while to those who wish to take a more extended course of instruction, the college of agriculture is open, with all the facilities which the University can furnish. " The " old home building " , now the Students " Hospital at I ' niversity Farm, was erected in 1SS8 at a cost of 841), ()()() and was the first building of the School of Agri- culture. October 18, 1888, eighteen boys arrived at University Farm to enroll in this school; the enrollment for the year reached his to be the first School of Agriculture in the United I. Dr. D. L. Kiehle, state superintendent of public ents. President Cyrus Northro|i, and (iovernor J. S. ormed the executive committee which worked forty-seven. President W. W. Folwell liolds States to be organized under the Morrill I)i instruction, anfl member of the Board of Re Pillsbury, ])resident of the Board of l{egen out the plans for the school. The selection of Professor W. W. Pendergast, M. A., Bowdoin, as first i)rinci|)ai of the school, was no accident. .Vfter the most careful consideration on the part of the executive committee, Mr. Pendergast, then assistant sui)erintendent of public instruction, was persuaded to undertake the task of developing the new institution. His many years of e.xperience in various lines of educational work, and his practical knowledge of agriculture, together with his success in dealing with youth seemed to them to es|)ecially fit him for the work. lembers of the first faculty were W. W. Pendergast, M. .V., princii)al, physics. |)hysical geograi)hy; H. W. Brewster, A. B., assistant princi|)al, mathematics; C. R. . ldrich, manual training; Olaf Schwartzkopff, D. ' . M., physiology, veterinary science; 1 . AV. S])rague, |)euman- shi]), accounts; Saiuuel B. (ireen, B. S., horticulture. ai)i)lie(l botany; W. M. Hays, B. S. A., agri- culture, stock; Otto Lugger, Ph. I)., entomology; I). N. Harjjer. Ph. B., agricultiu ' al chemistry; and Mrs. Florence A. Brewster, matron and librarian. The growth of the school was phenomenal and a second building was built in 1889, and named after Professor W. W. Pendergast, first principal of the school, who regarded himself (piite as responsible for the development of character in the students who came under his influence as for advancement in the course of study. The enrollment the second year was seventy-eight. In the spring of 18!t0 the first class of fourteen was graduated. After five years of inestimable .service Mr. Pendergast resigned as |)rincipal to become state su| erintendent of public- instruction in 1893. He was succeeded by Ur. H. W. Brewster, acting ])rincipal for one year and principal from 1894 to The Dairy hitildiny. the heart of the ijrvat iiiiliislrij which has a tabl iyhcd Minnesota ax the " lireoil and Butter State " . Page 80 Gciirnil I icif of tit t ' I nivcrsifi h ' anu IflOO. F. D. Tucker served as jiriiKipal of the scliool from 1 H)() to 1902 and since llial lime Pro- fessor D. D. Mayue has liehl the office. Anch ' cw l?oss i;ra(hiated from the School of Ai;riculture in IN ' .ll. He immediately he ;an work on tlie State Farm and has heen connected with the station ever since. In 1S (. " ) Mr. Boss liecame a member of tlie st ' hool faculty. To him is larj ely due the development of the work in dressing and curing meats. Taking a siil)ject considered comnion|)lace and unattractive, he dignified and popu- larized it until it became one of the most useful subjects in the course. Since its beginning 17,783 have been enrolled in the School of Agriculture and 2,9.55 have graduated. The .school ' s largest enroll- ment was in 1919-20 when it reached 1,027. Records show that students were graduated from the College of Agricidture in the years 1885 and 1887. Torger A. Iloverstad upon his graduation from the School of Agriculture in the s])ring of 1890, registered in the College of Agriculture in the fall of the same year. He continued his work and graduated in 1894. He is the first gradu- ate of the College of Agriculture at University Farm. Much of his college work, however, was taken on the main eam])us. Mr. Hover- stad is now agricultural development agent for the Great Western railway. College Faculty Organized WiUet M. Hay.- . I Pioneer of the First Facnity 3rf» The Hrst recorded College of Agriculture facnity which was organized on the University Farm campus is given in the bulletin of the College of .Vgricnilure for 1891-92, and was as follows: Cyrus Xorthroi), LL. 1)., president ; Yillet M. Hays, U.S.A.. professor of the theory and |)ractice of agriculture: Sanuiel B. Green. B. S., l)rofes.sor of horticulture: Otto Lugger, Ph. D., professor of entomol- ogy and botany; David X. Har|)er, Ph. B., professor of agricultural chemistry: Olaf Schwa rtzkopff, V. M. D., professor of veterinary nu dicine and surgery: Clinton D. Smith, M. S., ])rofe.s.sor of dairying; and Henry W. Brewster, B. A., instructor in mathematics. Even at that time, as was the case many years before, the College of Agri- culture was well organized and waiting to give instruction but students were few. Only five students were registered during 1890-91 and the total dropiH ' d to three in 1891-92. The addition of courses in forestry and home economics in 1897 and 1900. resijectively, tended to increase the registration. From 1892 until 1907 the enrollment fluctuated, reaching a high mark of sixty-eight in the college year, 1906-07. Previously a large ])er cent of the college registrants were graduates of the School of Agriculture, but in 1907 nuiny high school graduates enrolled and brought the registration np to ](i8. The enrollment steadily " increa.sed and in 1922-23 reached its greatest height, 885. The decrease to (191 in the fall of 1923 is explained by Dean E. INI. Freeman as being due to the present dei)ressed condition of agriculture. Since 1888, 9.922 have been enrolled in the College of Agri- cnihir ' . Forestrx ' . and Home Economics. .Vbout 1,1(10 Innc graduated. Kthninl I) I ' orlir Beijau a Prurlivnt Fiirjti School Page SI E. M. Freeman was made assistant dean of tlie colk-jfe in lUlo and dean of the College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Home Economics, within the Department of Agriculture, in 1917. The completion of the " Inter-Campus " line in 1914 liound the Agricultural l)ei)artment much more closely to the other colleges. Time honored traditions of the College are the honor system. Field day, IJoat trip, Christmas assembly. Recognition assend)ly. Students " Council-Faculty get-to-gcthcr, Punchinello ' s dranuitic pniduction. Faculty Women ' s club entertainment. Live Stock show and parade. Students ' judging contest, and the Interclass Uasketball tournament. Great Growtn Snown Some idea of the physical growth of the Department of Agri- culture may l)e gained from the following list of buildings at I ' niver- sity Farm and the dates of erection: farm house, 1884; home build- ing (now students ' hos|)ital), 18SS; Pendergast hall. 1889; old dairy hall, 1891; music building, (formerly home economics building and later soils laboratory), 1891; plant jjathology, (formerly tlrillhall), 1893; dining hall, 1895; ladies ' hall, 1897; horticulture-forestry, 1899; veterinary, 1902; chemistry-soils, 1902; meat shop, 1902; girls ' dor- mitory annex, 1902; boys " new dormitory, 1903; live stock ])avilion, 1904; administration, 190(i; girls ' new dormitory, 1910; engineering, 1911; gymnasium, 1914; home economics. 1915-16; Jose])hinc Perry and Mildred Weiglev home management houses, 1923; and dairv building, 1923-24. ' Minnesota ' s agricultural college ranks among the first three in the United States in graduate attendance. Graduates are attracted by the accompli.shments of the experiment station and the exceptional facilities for research work. ir. ir. Pendergust First Principal of the Schont The Experiment Station One of the first acts of the Poard of Regents was the |)nrchase of ninety-six acres of land in Sc|)tember, 1868, for the estal)lishment of an experiment farm. The farm extended along I ' ni- versity avenue from Oak street to Pros])ect park. In 18(59 about thirty additional acres were purchased. Chas. Y. Lacy .served as director of the farm from 1868 to 1880. The land had grown exceedingly valuable but was not suited to farming. The sale of the old farm and the purchase of another was authorized by the legislature of 1881 and the transaction took place in 1882. The new 155 acre farm ])urchased was part of the present University Farm in Ramsey county. In 1883 an additional ninety-three acres to the south was ])urchasetl. The money irom the sale of the old farm |) ) •id(•d buildings on the new farm, and in 1883 the present farm house was erei-ted at a cost of .§25,000. A barn which burned in 1918 was built for .115,000 in 1884. A 85.000 plant house for the horticultural division was erected and a chemical laboratory pro- vided. By an act of the legislature passed in 1885, T ' ni versify Farm was designated as an agricidtural experiment station in name as it had been in fact, thus ratifying the estab- lished work of the regents. AA hen Congress on Nlarch 2, 1887, i)asscd the Hatch bill, authorizing and aiding ex- ])eriment stations thnnighout the L ' nited States, Minnesota had but to adjust itself to the provisions of the bill. The first station staft ' witli assignments was as follows: Willett M. Hays, P. S. A., A Street for Strolle Puye S2 Iowa agricultural cullcgc, assistant in auriciilturc. Kct)rnary. IScSS; Sainiicl |{. (Ireen, B. S., Massa- clmsetts auriciiltural cnllcnc liorticulturist, April, ISSS; Dr. Otto I-iii;m ' r, Ph. 1)., entomologist and hotanist. May, ISSS; David N. Harper. I ' ll. H.. elieniist, ISSS; Dr. Miehael J. Treaey. M. R. ( ' . . S., veterinarian, who withdrew in October. 1888. to he succeeded by Dr. Olai ' Schwartzkoi)pt ' , ' . M. D.; D. W. Si rague, accountant and recorder. Professor W. I. Hay.s was a man with vision. Tie foresaw the destiny of the Department of .Agriculture and laid wide plans for iU rultiiiiieiil . The heneficient results of his work the farmers of the state, as well as the students today, are reajjing. .V jiioneer among the cereal breeders of the I iiited States, his valuable methods and findings are now extensively used. He resigned in l ' .)04 to become assistant .secretary in the I niled States Deiiartment of Agriculture. Professor Porter Resigns (liiiluu U. Smith Fostered the Dairy School Professor E. . Porter resigned in 1887 and tlie State lost a man who had been one of its foremost leaders in the development and .solution of the acute problems of practical agricultural education. But his influence remained in the establishment of the successful School of Agriculture. An exhibit of im])ortance sent to the World ' s Ex|)osition in New Orleans in 1884-8.5. included two thousand s])ecies of the insects in Minnesota, a collection of seventy varieties of the grains of the state, and a collection of nearly four hundred named and recognized varieties of potatoes. N. W. IcLain. LL. B., followeil Professor Porter as director, resigning in February. 1891. On May 1, 1891. Clinton D. Smith, M. S.. was made director, and it was he who foresaw Minn- sota ' s great possibilities as a leading dairy state and induced the Regents to set aside -Slo.OOO from a small a])))ro])riation for the erection of a dairy building and the establishment of a flairy .school. He reminded the Regents that " while it is true that Minnesota jjossesses every advantage of water, soil, and climate for the highest development of the dairy industry, it is also true that her two great cities are largely su])])lied with dairy products from outside the state " . He thus became the founder of the dairy school and was made the first professor of dairy ]uisl)audry. On the resignation of Professor Smith on Sei)tember 1, 1893. Col. Yilliam M. Liggett became chairman of the experiment corjjs. Agricultural education and research were in their infancy. The people were cautious about extending this new work. The Regents were wise in placing Mr. Liggett, one of their members, at the helm in this formative period. This new project needed friends and funds. Mr. Liggett with his wide a (piaintance and ]iowerful influence was able to provitle both. Frequent changes in directors signified inharmonious relations. ] Ir. Liggett with Ijleasing [jcrsonality, good judgment and tact, established concord and ke|)l the wheels of progress moving forward. He was made dean and director in 1897 and served until 1908. Then followed E. W. Randall ami .1. V. Olson for short jieriods. Albert F. Woods. M. S.. was elected dean and director and assumed his duties Feljruary 1, 1910, resigning in 1917. R. W. Thatcher, profes.sor of chemistry at the station, was then made dean and director and Professor Andrew Boss made vice director. Dean Thatcher resigned in 1921 and Walter C. Cotfey, M. S.. of the University of Illinois, I he present dean and director, was elected. Mr. John Hoffman has been connected with the farm for thirty-five years. Begin- ning in 1888, he was made farm foreman in 1907, which ])osition lu- now holds. ■ ■; r- jHHI HH ■ S " The Old Barn lu- f- i igii. mwym " !. ■ M ' ,r i : i: Page 8S The " " Farmers ' Lecture Tmirses " were folluwed 1 «. ;3F ' « " -S? )y the First Dairy School, estal)hshe(l in the fall of 1891, at the suggestion of Clinton 1). Smith. The influence of the work of these short courses, and the Farmers " Institutes, ])re iously established, has largely aideil in making Minnesota a successful dairy state. Other short courses given at University Farm include farmers ' and home makers ' week, the horticultural short course, editors " short course, beekeepers ' short course, boys ' and girls " week, and cattle feeilers ' week. A scout masters " course is given at Itasca park. Dr. A. V. Storm is director of short courses. Since 1888, 28,577 have been enrolled in the Department of Agriculture ' s short courses. , , , Extension Division riie (ampiis from up in the Clouds The Agricultural Extension Division was established liy the legislature in 1909 and joined with the Farmers " Institutes. A. D. Wilson was placed in charge. The work emi)loys specialists in rural school education, live stock, home eco- nomics, and allied subjects, as writers, editors, lecturers and demonstrators in rural school and field. The Extension Division distributes the benefits of the Experiment Station by i)ublishing liulletins for farmers and circular letters for country newsi apers. The Extension Division i)ro- vides the leadership for the boys " and girls " clubs of the state. F. W. Peck succeeded Professor Wilson as Director of the Division in 1921. The promotion of Department s Contributions to the State The Department of .Vgriculture is sending into every corner of the state an ever increasing company of men and women with physical stamina, intellectual strength and spiritual power, pledged to the u|)building of our great state. Principal D. D. Mayne, of the School of Agriculture, states that surveys made in recent years show that 80 per cent of the 2,955 School of Agricultiu ' e graduates, are engaged in agricultural work or in industries closely correlated to agriculture. From 177 replies to questionnaires sent to graduates of the agricultural course in the College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Home Economics, Dean E. M. Freeman found that, of these, 96 per cent were engaged in agricvdtural or correlated work. Some of the contributions the department has made to agriculture are; cooperative creameries; the promulgation of feeding stand- ards for dairy cows; the extension of the northern limits of corn thru tlie develo])ment of earlier maturing varieties. The development, by i)lant breeding processes, of varieties of grain better ada])ted than the ordinary com- mercial varieties to Minnesota conditions has occupied the Department " s attention. Exanii)les of these are; Minnesota number 1(19, blue stem spring wheat, Minnturki and Minn- hardi winter wheat, Minnshirdi and elvet barley, Minota and Gopher oats, Chippewa and Winona flax. A system of scientific farm cost studies that has been widely adopted by other states and the I ' nited States De- partment of Agriculture, was originated by the Department. Systems of crop rotation ada])ted to wide use in the state; sorghum syrup investigations that have resulted in the establishment, at Waconia, of the largest and most up-to- date sorghum syrup factory in the world; and a national system of accrediting tuberculous free herds of cattle are other accomplishments of the Department. JIoriicultiire-Fort ' . iry Eutrnnr Page A ' 4 WIIKN S. H. (irccii iiitrndurod a low forestry suhjtM-ts into u ciirriciiliiiii, in tlie year 1897, lie created the nucleus of the present forestry course. The first student who was definitely classed as a forester graduated from this division in IfSUi). This man, H. H. Chapman, is i rofessor of forestry at Yale, a writer of note, and an Honorary Fellow of the Society of American Foresters. In 1903 H. H. ( ' hai)man and M. L. Erickson, fjraduates of the forestry class in tlie linnesota CoUefie of Auriculture, held the jxtsitions of instructor and assistant instructor in forestry. In 1907 tifty-five students were enrolled in the freshman class, ready for a four-year cam])ing trij) — as they erroneously su])i)osed. Forestry was recognized as a separate college in 1910, and as a partial and fitting reward for his efforts. Professor (ireen was appointed dean. Unfortunately his death occurred during the same year at Itasca Park. He was succeeded by E. G. Cheyney, the present " chief " , whose early training fitted him to kee]) the college on the u])-grade. A cliange in the government foiest jiolicy caused a falling off in the registration from eighty students in 1910 to thirty-five in 191 " ). Just as the interest was reawakened, the war hroke out, and nearly all the students enlisted as foresters. As a result, in the next three years, only nine students graduated. By act of the Board oi ' Regents on October 24, 1917, the work in the College of Forestry was included under the title " College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Home Economics " . Eihrarii (i. rfiti nci Minnesota s " TKircl Campus Itasca Park Professor Green, in 1908, obtained a concession from the Slate legislature for tlu ' use of land in Ita.sea State park for summer sessions, and its as a practical laboratory for the education of forestry students. Originally only juniors enjoyed this four months ' session of pleasure an l iiardsliips at the park. i)uf recently it has l)een found more practical for freshmen to sjieiid six weeks there, studying m -J Darin itorfi in Ilasca I ' d rh — ( (■ fo ri ' xlcr.i ' abode in yuluri ' s primilii ' C sel- lin(i. tlir land of the heaver and ririfin pine. Page So wodilcraft, l)()t;iiiy, mensuration, and cruising. Juniors, niajoriui; in teclmifal forestry, receive ad- vanced instruction in silviculture and practical forest management there. Adequate and comfortable quarters are |)rovided for students and faculty. A large diversified nursery furnishes material for a ])ractical course. The " hurial of the (|uiz " " is an honored tradition which is syndxilical of Itasca park. To the Foresters there is no gathering more sacred than the animal Foresters " Po v- Vo v. Each spring the Foresters entertain the whole College with their traditional minstrel show, first presented in 1914. Activities of the Divi sion Mr. (ireen was instrumental in ol)tainiiig the land on which the ( ' lo(|net exi)erimental station is located. In 1909, the St. Louis Mercantile company lonated 2,240 acres of forest land. The station is lun hy the Division of F ' orestry. The Forestry club serves the Division and people of the state through its members and their associa- tions with the fore.stry world. Established in 1907, I- iin iiiinix ' I iiiiiii III t i,H]ii,i it has a large home of its own and an active member- ship of sixty-five. The latest and one of the greatest boosts the F )restry Division has had is the awarding of the Lake States Forestry experiment station to this State, with offices in the Forestry building. The head o f the station. Dr. Ra|)hael Zon, is pronounced by Profes.sor E. G. Cheyney " an interna- tionally known forester and writer, of whom the University may well be proud " . That college forestry education actually trains graduates for their work is proved l)y answers to Dean Freeman ' s questionnaires from forty-seven graduates in Forestry, showing that 91 ])er cent have used their training. In conclusion, we partially (|uote Professor Cheyney in stating what the F )restrv division has done for the state. It has accomplished the following: Graduated one hundred and twenty-five students, and partially trained one hundred others in the necessity of forest develoi)inent and con- servation; educated several wood-working firms and many individuals through the work of grad- uates; encouraged the use of treated ]X)les, timbers, antl fence])osts, through extension work, and .so conserved om- timljer su))])ly; im])roved our woodlots and conserved our forests through talks, letters, and bulletins; solved many of the State ' s forest jjroblems and given the results to the public through the ex])eriment stations; estalilished over two hundred valuatde windbreaks on the prairies, given windlireak demonstrations, and thus re-claimed other- wise waste land; helped the farmer to realize the im])ortance of the woodlots through the extension work; and strengthened the ])C0|)lc " s recognition and appreciation of their forests as a future timber supply. A great recreation ground, a home for game and, a controller of floods and navigation, and a ])rofitable use of our waste lands — Minnesota ' s Forests. Forestry, as a comjdete course, is yet in its ]jioneer stage, but its future is assured. Few w ere the students, until recently, who chose forestry as a career. But due to the agitation of President Roosevelt and Gift ' ord Pinchot which filled the newspa])ers a tew years ago, this field has been brought to the foreground. Now the aim of this course has been extended into three lines: a technical curriculum in forestry, a course considered from the technical and business standpoint, and a specialized course in wood cheniistrv and wood technology. " Samuel BGrec,, ' - tiiemi of forest aeslriiclion Page S6 First iiistnictioii in home economics was fjiven at tlic University ot Muuicsota ni connection with the third " Farmers Lecture Course of the College of Agriculture " on I he Muiiicajiolis ( am- pus in 1884. The instruction was given in a course of lectures on the principles oi domestic econoinv and cookery by Miss Juliet Corson, superintendent of the New York School of Cookery. Over 1 ,2()() women and girls attended. some coming from the states of New York, Vermont, Iowa, Wis- consin, Michigan, and Ohio, as well as the Dakota territory. .V similar course was taught in 1890 hy Mrs. Mary L. James, who also did a great deal to further hoine economic education in this .state. From these summer courses the i)resent Division of Home Economics, with all its departments, its faculty, including of national fame, and its well equip])ed huilding, has developed. The first course was given on the rniversity Farm caminis in 1894. A four weeks summer school for the " mothers and daugh- ters " of Minnesota was introduced, and instruction in cooking, dairying, chemistry, entomology, horticulture, and hygiene was given. This instruction was given in the drill hall, now the i)lant pathology building. Two kitchen ranges and a sufticient number of kitchen tables, cutlery, and sauce-pans for the two hundred workers were secured. Crude and simple as the equipment was, the home economics instruction, given by Miss Juanita L. Shep- i)ard, was equal to the need. , , , . ,i i In 1900, two girls, having completed their course m the .school, presented themselves as registrants for a college course at the completion of which they expected to receive a degree. Two lecture courses were offered to meet the demand. One of the girls, Mary Matthews, was grad- uated in 1904, and is at i)resent i)rofessor in home economics and head ot the de])artment at Turdue University. ,,.,,,, n r » • i, The course in home economics was actually estabhshe.l with the ( ollege ot Agruultnre m 1902. The was " to give breadth, strength, and a thoroughness to the concept ot the home, and also an appreciation of it as a career for young women " . The faculty consisted ot Mrs Virginia Aleredith, professor of home economics, and Miss Slie])perd, instructor in houseliold science Two courses were offered. The first, home administration lectures, were given once a week During the first .semester these lectures were on the evolution of the family, a more or less )io. ical ( ' onrse, and in the second semester, on home management, and management II ' ( ic ft. .l c.V,„ sociologic; ■: Home Economics biiild- ituj. u-lieri- the refining in- fhirner of the irorl: hci.i ttirntd household drudij- cnj into on interesting jirofession. Page 87 Pionccrf! in Cookery; the First Class, SiinnNcr of 1S94 of help. The second course, household science, ottered durinjj three and one-half semesters, trained the students in the ])re])aration of food for the home and institutions, selection, storafie. and care of food, equipment for the home, and in the nianayement of the kitchen and dining room, as well as lectures on laundering and dyeing. In l!t() ' 2 the domestic science in- struction was given in tlie old home economics liuilding, formerly the chemistry huilding and now the music building. A greater ])art of the rc(|uircments for graduation were courses in the College of Science, Literatiu ' c, and .Vrts. and included such luirclated subjects as geology, higher algebra, and trigonometry. The following year, Mrs. Margaret Blair was added to the faculty as sewing instructor, and a new course, household arts, including instruction in textiles and modelling, was added to the curriculum. Growtn IS Rapid From ' M)2 until I ' .lO ' .t, the growth was not rapid, I)ut after that the college grew by bounds. Although the number of students was small, there was always a graduating class in home economics. A com])lete outline of the course was made in 1904, and remaincil nui h the same for ten years. From 1900 to 1910, the enrollment increased from 44 to 114, aiul two more instructors were added to the faculty. The Home Eco- nomics association was organized that year with forty charter members, and during the year increa.sed to seventy. Its aim was to .secure, on the University Farm campus, a building similar to Shevlin hall, and many and varied attempts were made to earn the necessary fluids. Besides this, under their auspices, home economics leaders were brought to the college, as they still are, that the girls might come ill contact with women who have put their training into practice. Entrance reipiircmcnts were raised to a projjcr luiiversity standard and many other changes were inaugurated in 1912. Pure science and jjractice teaching were made the basis of college work. Specialization was made necessary in the junior and senior years as in other colleges. Nutrition work was developed under Jose]jhine T. Berry, head of the dei)artment. Home Management Introaucea An important innovation was the institution of the course in home management in 1914-15. The stiulents live at, manage, aiul care for a home, thus gaining first hand exi)erience and training in |)ractical home management. This new luidertaking was eagerlx ' watched by other universities. I ' aijc S ' « M iss Juaiiila L. Shcpp ' ril — Character exemplified her irorlc. Mi.. .)..s,.,,liin - H.MTV ol.tMiiH-.l :. luniislic.l house to l.c used as a 1 a 1. oratory tor the course irom tin- IMii rusiloii Orni.roii. lioi.orarv lioino ccononucs society, at IH15 Kayinoiu Ave. In tlie si.riii " of 1911 Miss (u-aee Williams, instructor in foods and nutrition, entered llie house as super- visor ' of tlie course. In 1915 the se. ' ond li..nse was rented. Closely tollowin j the uiau-uration ot child trainiufv l,v .Vlma Binzel in 1919. two children, lent l.y the .lean Martin Brown liome for a iieriod of three months, were placed in the home manaficment houses. 1 his also was a new and very imix.rtant addition lo the coarse, which is now l.eiiif; followed hv other coli. ' ics. li.e credit for this |)ractic al exi)erience in child Irainin- I.elongs lo Miss .Mihlred J - ' fi JT (now Mrs M V. Wood), then cliief of the division. This year, two new costirif; »14.1X)U each, were erected on the caini)us. They are lo ate l at the corner of Cleveland and ( ommon- wealtli Vveiiues. St. Paul, and were named in honor of .losei)hiiie ' 1 . lierry and Mildred Weigley, the two women who were influential in the inan-iiration and Mit ot the home manage- ment and child training courses. $110,000 Building Completed 111 1910. tlu- lu,.ne economics huildin- was completed at a cost of »1 lO.OOO. M tins lime Miss Mildred Weiglev came to the institution as chief of the division. She was succeeded in 1.122 by Miss Wylie 1? ' . McXeal. Three lines of s] ecialization were also added with Miss Weigley ' s arrival; a high school teachers ' course, die- tetics, and iiislilutional manage- ment. The original i)uri)ose of the Divi- ision has, in reality, changed, for the present tendency is toward training leaders in researcli and teaching rather than primarily in homemaking as in the early days. Neverthelesss, training in home- making is availal)le for those who desire it. Statistics comjiiled hy Dean Freeman show that out of 160 graduates in home economics who answered his questionnaire, 20 per cent have married and are still home makers, 83 per cent have hecii and 48 iier cent are now teach- , • ■ n in- in " i-ammar and high schools. 10 i)er cent have been and i)er cent are now teaching m coUege.s and universities. 20 per cent have heen and 5 per cent are now engaged as dietitians, managers ot cafeterias of other like institutions. S per cent have heen and 3 per cent are now engaged in sijecial .service work. Thus graduates in home economics are proving their training |)ractical, reiml)urs- ing the state which provided it. and making their alma mater famous. , ,1 ■ Home Economics girls have three traditions of which they : re ])rou(l, namely the ( linstmas party given under the auspices of the Home Economics As.sociation, the Faculty-Senior l)aiu|uet and " Aggie-Poi) " sponsored hy the Y. W. C. A. THE SUBSTATIONS In 1878, the State recognized the importance of fruit breeding work and iturcliased a farm adjoining Lake Minnetonka, i)lacing Peter M. Gideon in charge of the work. He developed the wealthv apple about 1S09 and later the peter ap])le. , ,. , , 111 ISST the legislature established a breeding and trial station on the iniblic school property at Owatonna This station is still in operation, but the Cideoii place was .subsequently sold. In 1907 the Fruit breeding Farm was established at Zumbra Heights near Excelsior. Ihis now includes 1 10 acres. . • ,, ■ •.. The le-islature of 1S9. " ) established the XorthwesI substation. 1 he agricultural committee of the Board of Regents and Professor W. M. Hays chose the site. This was .loiiatc.l by .lames J. Hill, October 4, 1884. The City of Crookst.ui. near which tli - instil ulion is located. loiiate(l I ' iKjr S9 Tlu firxl Unmi h.rnnoniirs Jiiiildiiuj money for its development. Mr. T. A. Hoverstad was the first sui)erintendent of the station and was influential in havinfi an affricultural .school estal)lished there in 1906, the year he resigned. Mr. William Rohertson directed the institution from 10()(i until his death in 1910. He was suc- ceeded hy Mr. C. G. Selvig, the present incumbent. The station incluiles 47(3 acres and seven .school huildinifs. The North Central Experiment Station at Grand Ra[)ids was establLshed l)v the legislature in 1895 and actual ojjerations commenced in 1896 untlerthe direction of Warren W. Pendergast, a member of the first graduation class of the School of Agriculture and of the College in 1896. He .served until his death in 1897. He was succeeded by H. H. Chapman, who was in charge until 1904. A. J. McGuire was superintendent from 1904 to 1914. Otto I. Bergh, the present superintendent, then took charge. The station com])rises 454 acres. Provisions for the estab- lishment of a school of agricidture there were made by the legislatures of 1921 and 1923. It is ex])ei ' ted the school will l)e opened in 1924. The west Central School and Exjjeriment Station at Morris was the site of the Indian school, overlooking the Pomme de Terre river valley, and was acce])ted as a gift from the national govern- ment, by act of legislature in 1909. Control of the school was ])laced with the Board of Regents October 3, 1910, with 103 students enrolled. It consists of about 300 acres. E. C. Higbee was in charge from 1909 to 1917. P. E. ] Iiller succeeded him and is still in charge. The Northeast Demonstration Farm of 252 acres at Dulutli, was jmrchased in 1912. Actual operations were begun in the spring of 1913. This tract, largely of stump land, is used for ex- periments which will aid farmers in develo|)iiig land of that type. M. J. Thonii)son has been director from the beginning. The Southeast Demonstration and Experimental Farm of 246 acres near Waseca was estab- lished by the legislature of 1911. Operations began in A])ril, 1913. Albert Hoversten was direc- tor from 1913 to 1919. Robert E. Hotlgson has Ijeen in charge since that time. ACiRICULTURE. FORESTRY AND HOME ECONOMICS CLASS OFFICERS SENIOR Thom. s H. C.wfield President Gl. dys Moon ( ' . President Irma Erichsen Secretari NoRM. N Me. rs Treasurer SUl ' llUMtJIiE Dana Hailey . May M.ackixtosh Pearl Cairx ' cross . lfred L. Sjowall President President Secretary Treasurer .nxioii Rudolph K. Frokjer Stella Distad Laur. Gerber D WIGHT L. Quam . FRESHMAN President Fritz G. Fr.AXZE President I ' . President Elizabeth Forrest I ' . President Secretary Ernest L. Kolbe Secretary . Treasurer .JoH.v D. Wheelock Treasurer .hllllnr Cln. ' .-s OlVir Ti ' rt i-ai ' et ' Piige . ' )IJ AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION CLUB i. L :it " -tn. . ' foiintlfil at The i ' liii ' ersity of Minnrsota. JUL:! Ashley Van Storm Albert Field William Dyer Frank Lathrop Sherman Dickinson Dexter Mayne Victor Nylin Paul Calrow Matt Saari Don Anderson Fred Schmeekle William Wehrend :SIEMBERS Burdette Ernst Frank Hall Lawrence Wood Lawrence Doten Clayton Conc;er Arthur Floyd Alvin Hoberg Leslie Klopfleisch ELiioRE Lange Warren Lange Calvin McClintock Iyer Nygard Magne Skurdalsvold Leigh Scruton Morton Wheeler Hjalmer Anderson Ernest Bailey Ray Cochran William Do vdell Martin Hansen Hugo Mortenson Morten Pederson Louis Korn John Ryan Clarence Schutte Field y yjard Vi ' lersoti Uadvu A,uUr.s, u Horn Klopjleinch Page 91 l- ' oiiitdcd lit loini Stale ( ollcijc, l!ii:j Rov John Buxgarden Tom Canfield, Jr. VlLBER CaULFIELD Ray Cochrax Dana Crvder Lewis Dow John Grathwol A. E HAilMERBERr, Alvai Hoberg Charles Hoixomb Walter Jergexs E. R. JoHXsox Ir. Lambert Walter LeMox Spencer Maxx N. B. Mears Hugo Nilsox IvER Nygard Victor Oliver MEMBERS Fred Oster Harold Saxdoff RussEL Seath Georc.e Sulerud Carl Spoxg Frank S ■OBODA John Towler Arthur True Bernard Uhlix A. C. Wick Fraxk Blossom JoHX Carlson ToxY Cataxzaro W. J. Christisox William Ellixg Rudolph Frojker Lawrexce Gove Ed Grumke James Hume M iiirir. ' ota Chapter esfablt. hed VJ2S Vernox Lash brook Harold Morris Christiax Nash J. W. Xelsox Lloyd Nelsox dwight quam G. W. Steixbauer Willis Tompkins OzRO Ballixger C. L. Blakeslee Morrill Campiox Arthur Dow Fritz Loexholdt JOHX MoE Silas Sampsox M. A. Sterxer C. R. Carlsox Wells Huxt L. ] I. Thursox T. O. SUXDSTROM M _ §-. t%4¥f¥l«kV rfttt Lockh, ' l ll I Hirer lilfil.-,. lt ' r Tmrirr Wirk I ' hlin ( tirl. :,.,. H, lromh Mears Jergens J. Nelson Johnson -V (W( Lryder Nygard O.Ballinget Mann Caulfield R. Ballinger True L. Dou: Moe Grtimpke Sandoff Quam Lashbrook Seath Morris Svoboda Sterner A. Dote Elling Bitmgarden Osier Chrisiison Sulernd Hume LeMoii Cochran Lambert Xilson L. Nelson Canfield Spong Grathirol Page 92 Fi-OKEXCE Sparks President Emii.v Pavetta ] " ice President Ada Serrctari Gladys Moon Treasnrer Evelyn Hedin Senii)r Heprcscntatire Mabel Rickansrud Iiminr Ilvpnsentntivc Priscilla Boyce Sophomore liepresentatire Irma Summerville Snplinmnre Represcntatire NoiL Gerber Freshnioii liepresnttdtire ] Iarjorie Hensler Fresliiimn Represcntatire Liehcrman Suvtmerrillc SparliS Iticbn)isru(l Page 93 L A V Clarence 0. Tormoen, ( ' oUcijc Editor IN 18SS, twenty years after the fouiRling of tlie University of Minnesota, the Board of Re{;ents took the first action in estabhshinf; a College of Law as a part of the University. They elected William S. Pattee of Xorthfield, Minnesota, ])rofessor of law; three months later they made him dean of the college. This action of the Regents was anthorized by an act of the Minne- sota State Legislature, which made a s])c(ific i)rovision for the establishment of a College of Law at Minnesota. Dean Pattee immediately Ijegan to surround himself with as many of the State ' s leading satellites as he could ])rocure as lecturers. Among them were Honoral le Cordon E. Cole, Frank B. Kellogg, Chas. . . Willard, George B. Young, C. I). O ' Brien, George N. Baxter and Chas. W. Bunn. An address given by Dean Pattee on " The Science of Jurisprudence " formally opened the new college on September 11, 1888. It was given in the presence of the Board of Regents, the faculty of the other departments which then existed and law students who com]jrised the first class in the newly organized College of Law. This first class met in the hermean room in ■ " Old Main " , which had been set aside for the use of the College. The first law library at the University consisted of the dean ' s own case liooks which he had brought with him from his ])ractice in Xorthfield. It was composed of reports of Minnesota, New York, Massachusetts, the session laws of Minnesota and a line of texts on the most ini])ortant branches of the law. For these books, a rough shelf book-case was constructed by a University carpenter and fastened to the walls of the room. Later the dean himself gave the shelves a coat of dark oak stain. Upon the com|)letion of the, chairs enough for the class were pro- vided and the L ' niversity of Minnesota College of Law w-as ready for work. Not a single piece of ftn-niture except the chairs graced the room; not a single new book was purchased, nor was a The Law building — here is where the Late Review is published and Jimmie Paige has his office. Hoih are famous. Page 94 ' ' a single item of cxpcnM ' imniicd li I lie RogiMits in the foniuling of the new colh-gc. In tiii niiiuh oh! room aniiil liic snrronndings pictured above, the work of Icnal (Mlucalion Iti IIic Inixcrsitx- of Miinicsol,! hegan. Dean Pattee was at first the only resi i( " nt |)rotVssor and was assisted only liy the Icct iircrs, lio came from llicir practice when l)nsiiies didnt prcvenl them. The first ul)jc -l considered was contracts; this course was taught six days each weel liy the Dean. In addition to the day class in contracts, a night class was organized for students unable to attend during the day. Re(|uirenients for admission to tlie new college were llie same as those of most leading law schools of the counlry a I the time. Any person of good moral character, eighteen years of age, who could .satisfy the faculty that he had such a good general education as would enable him to pursue the study of law with advantage to liimself, and justify his entering the practice of law, was allowed to matriculate. The course of study extended over a jjcriod of two years and at the end of lliat time, passing .students were given the degree of Bachelor of Laws. Early in 1889, the legislature of the State, recognizing the worth of the new college and its assured success, ajjpropriated the sum of . 25,000.00 for the erection of a building for its exclusive use. This same legislature also provided that any person who received a diploma from the College of Law should, upf)n pre- senting it to the Sui)renic Court, be admitted to pra ' tice in the courts of Minnesota without an examination as to his learning, ability, or time of reading. The building was constructed during the succeeding summer; and the eighteenth of October that year, the College took posses.sion of its new (juarters. Of the sixty-seven students who matriculated during the first year, forty-two were graduated June 4th, 1890, and the next day they were admitted to the state bar by the Su])reme Court. The course was enlarged as [jossibilities for increase l)ecame ai)]iarent and in bS91, three years ' work was offered to the students who wished to j)ursue their legal studies farther than was i)ossible under the two year courses; it was also provided to confer the degree of ] Lister of Laws uyum those students who satisfactorily completed the work of the additional year. Li 189. " ), the day course was increased in length from two to three years and some time later the night school course was lengthened to four years. Following the death of Dean Pattee, William Reynolds Vance took the helm and carried the College through eight years of its best growth; he resigned to accept a professorship at Vale, his Alma INLiter. To his place, came Dean Everett Eraser, who is the present head of the College. The school was later fortunate in seciu-ing Henry W. liallcntine to fill the jirofcssorshi]) of law resigned by Mr. ' ance. The ])rogress of the school in late years has been notal)le in every respect. The entrance re(|uirements of 1888 jjermitting almost any man of good iiitelligent e and character to enroll, were changcfl with the growth of law schools over the nation and in 1911), there was established a requirement of two years of academic training necessary for matriculation. On I ' Vbruary 23, 1922, the Conference on Legal Education, held in Washington, adojjted a resolution urging that certain qualifications be demanded of law students. The Minnesota Law Review liad been exacting the re((uirements jjre.seribed .it that meeting for the ten years previous to the resolution. Each year the students and faculty of the school hold an All-Law banquet when all cares are forgotten and everything is revelry. . lawyer of national note is generally .secured to address t lii ga tlicring. Dean Ererell Fraser LAW CLASS OFFICERS SKM()l{ .It XKJli Frank W. H. nft John Nelson Eliz. beth Owens . Presideiil V. Presirlnit Sec.-Trr is. Melvin O. Hoel Orin W. rdwell Fred T. Sc. nlon . Prctidcnt V. President Sec.-Treas. FRESHMAN Victor Reim President Page 0.5 M. RG. RET BriNGOLD Owen G. lvin V. President Sec- Treas. MEDICINE liiiddlph Hiiltk ' rans, College Editor THE history of the Medical Scliool at the I niversity of Minnesota is snch that conld we hut see it throiit;li the eyes of the niedieal ])i-ofession, our reniiiiiscenees would hring wonder and pride at the struusle of its early develojjnient. For the facts of this history we are indebted to Dr. Richard Oldint; Heard, former dean of the Medical School and at jjresent the only remaining active member of the original faculty. In 1883 a plan prei)ared by President Folwell. the late Dr. Charles X. Hewitt, and the late Dr. Mlliani Leonard, was presented to and ado|)ted l)y the Board of Regents. This marked the beginning of the College of Medicine and Surgery of the University of Minnesota, being then an examining and not a teaching body. Concomitant with this event the legislature pa.ssed the first State law regulating the ])ractice of medicine, by requiring all physicians to register with the faculty of this college. In 1887 the legislature altered the situation by creating an inde|)end- ent board of medical examiners, the first of its type in the United States and requiring an exami- nation of every applicant for a license to practice medicine in Minnesota. In the following year, on February 28, at the instance of Perry II. Millard, re])resentatives of the faculties of the independent medical schools of the Twin Cities petitioneil the Hoard of Regents to organize a teaching school of medicine under the ausjiices of the University with the offer to surrender their own charters and to tender their properties for tenijjorary use of the State. The petition was granted, making Minnesota one of the pioneers in offering a I ' niver- sity education to the physician. The year 1908 saw the end of the last private medical school in the State with the ado])tion of the medical department of Hamline University, so that a imification of medical teaching in Minnesota was achieved. Elliot Memorial Hoxpital lookti down upon the Father of Waters, far re- moved from the bustle of Sniitheost inthistrij. Page f)6 -: c; Until l Si)3 the Medical ScIkiiiI hiiildiiii; a iicpI mi tlic fampu-s, heiiifi located at Sixth street and Ninth a x ' nnc soulii. Then the lejiislatnre anthori .ed the removal to the campus and Dean Millard a l anced the tirst money to huild the fir t Millard hall, now occnpicii y the College of I ' harniacN . To ((note Dr. Heard on this occurrence, he says, " It was the occasion of great concern when the Medical College was removed. The .Academics were practically the entire I iiiversity of tiial day and the invasion of the campus hy the Medics was like the alarm of the barbarians at the gates of Rome. TJic students were literally afraid of us antl perhaps not altogether without occa.sion for the medics of the i)eriod — hard working, ambitions, critical as ever — were a rough lot. To ' up ' a student over the amjjhitheater benches was a common pastime, and, if discovered by the entry of the ])rofessor, they were not in the least abashed: to conceal animals, large or small, dead or alixc, in reading-desks or under seats; to mix chemical solutions so that they would not work; to introduce a " stifi " into a faculty meeting — these were (piite ordinary |)raTiks. " " Following the establishment of the :Medical School on the ),■„,, Ell,,.. P. L, ,,,, eam])us, buildings were added through api)ropriations of the legisla- ture and through substantial gifts In lHt)5, §113,000 was received from the estate of Dr. and Mrs. A. F. FUiot for the establishment of the Elliot memorial hospital. It was finally com|)leted in 1911 through ad litional generous gifts of interested citizens to the amount of .S42,()()0, and an ap|)roi)riatioTi of -ISS , ()()() by the State. In the following year, the new Millard hall and institute of anatomy were ()ccu|)icd. bringing the Mc(lical campus u|i to its ])re.seiit stage of comi)letion. -Vt present there are a[jpr()ximately 325 regularly enrolled students in the Medical School, the entering class being limited to 90. The alumni number 1,600 and of these, about 100 are engaged in teaching on the faculty staff. We all know of men and women, who, graduating from this school, lia e, through their achievements, gained renown throughout the world and reflected honor upon their . lma Mater. To mention some, would unjustly leave out others, but we can unpretentiously assert that we are proud of their ac om])lisliments. Last year was a signal one for the Medical School, as well as the I ' niversity ;it large, for it received a most generous gift of $1,000,000 from William Henry Eustis, former mayor of Minne- a|)olis. for the e.stabli.shment and maintenance of a hos])ital for crippled children. The donation consists of 44 acres of land, alued at $100, OOt), adjoining the Dowling school across the river from the campus and the sum of $900,000 to serve as an endowment for the build- ing and maintenance of the liospit;d itself. Of this sum, .S O.OOO will be s])ent for the establish- ment of a clinical unit in conjunction with the Elliot h()s|)ital, where cases re(|uiring surgical treat- Dr. Hirluinl (I. HianI tif the First I ' liriilli The Aniilomi hiiUdiiift is irhfrv the Irtuttiioiiai " .sliJJ " ' i-fiursc is offi-rcd — Frrshitian wrdics Iremhle (IS thcif enter. I ' luje :t: 1 • " ft I ' •• 111 The Fret ' Dispcnsarii, Opcniliil fi r the Srrrirr of tin- Puhlit- iiieiit and iniinediate attention will he cared for. The reinaininfj sum will he used for the con- struction of a convalescent hi)S])ital on the land donated, with social and educational facilities to accompany the medical care. A few months previously, a jjift of $250, (JOO from the Citizens Aid Society through Mrs. George C. Christian, Jr., was acknowledf;e l hy the Board of Regents. Shortly following this, two individual gifts, one of $2(),()()() from Mrs " . Frank Todd and another of $20,000 from Mrs. Edward (Jale were likewise acknowledged. Several smaller gifts and a special dispensation hy the Hoard of Regents have swelled the amount so that the total sum receixed in the past eighteen months ai)| r(iaches very close to §1,500,000. Already complete plans are in the han ls of the Hoard of Regents for the immediate addition of three units to the Elliot hospital. The first will he the Christian cancer hospital. Forming the heginning of the east wing, will he the Todd eye, ear, nose and throat hospital and the clinical unit of the Eustis hospital. The present i)lans provide for the reservation of the west wing and central court for future huildings. It is the hope of the jiresent administration that the not too far distant future will see the conii)letion of Millard hall, the institute of anatomy and contemi)lative plans of the Elliot hos])ital and therehy the estal)lishment of a self contained medical unit. Then will it he |)ossil)le for the medical student to hegin and com|)lete his medical course on the cam|)us. and. through a more unified system of clinical teaching, avail himself of a superior training. It is to he regretted that want of s|)acc and lack of intimate ac(|uaintance with the Irulx ' great men concerned in the growth of the School should prevent an account of their work. Theirs was an untiring ett ' ort and out of the long struggle, there emerged a Class A medical school rank- ing amoni; the first not onlv in this countrv, hut in the world. MEDK Al, ClASS OFFICERS SOPHOMORE FRESHM.W DocGLAs Head Melvin Lenandek ;E0R(.E Cil ' STAFSON Page US I ' ri-sUliiit Triasurrr . IVRON HlSEBV . Sidney Watson . ISABELLE ZaN(;EK KrssEM. l?kll VN , Prexident V. Prexiilfiil Scrrrtdrij Trftisii n ' r 5 otmc; Ciii J i; ADtimmRjiioti 5 IT — f « " y iS J _3ri££g ' - - T . A- ' --■ r I — ■; -■ — ■ c- A-LJ- ( ' 1. 1 ' ,-, „-!. • ;H f - " :■■ r " j i—iJL 3 -V r- r C J W D H ! n G T f1 :Sl 1 p ' ' kiP A V [ n y [ Piiyr . )!) N U R S I N G THE School of Xursiiii; is fifteen years old. Its coining marked the birth of the first university school in the world. AVithin the hrief jn ' riod of its history it has served as the ])ioneer of thirteen university schools of nursing existing in the I ' nited States today. It has done much to set the type of the university education of the nurse and it has helped to stand- ardize teaching in other schools. The School hegan in the temporary hospital houses on Church street. Its first clinical teach- ing material consisted of the inmates of twenty-four hospital beds. It.s first numbered eight students, who were all graduated at the close of the first three years. Since then it has graduated one hundred and fifty women. ' i1ic Scl I gi cs ix three year course, only high school graduates of sufficient maturity being admitted; this leads to the degree of (iraduate in Nursing. It has initiated a fixe year course in arts and nursing, llie graduates of which receive also the degree of Bachelor of ScieTice. One fourth of its students are now registered in this course. Registration in the School was limited, until three years ago, liy the comparatively small number of beds in the Elliot Me- morial hos|)ital. Up to that time it had to be content with quality in the sheer absence of quantity. Growth appeared to be con- ililioned upon the anticip.ited, but long delayed expansion of I lie I ' niversity hospital. In 1U2I the light of new opportunity broke upon liie school. From the Charles T. Miller hospital, the Minneapolis general liospital and the Northern Pacific hospital, overtures were made lo the University for its acceptance of the duty of educating liieir student-nurses and controlling their nursing services in the interest of nursing education. A Greater School — the so-called Central School of Nursing, ill association with the four maior hosi tals — was organized. It has already met with remarkable success. It registers today 205 regular students and 74 affiliating students referred by other institutions in the State. In a word, its present student body numbers nearly twii-e as many as the School has gradmited in its entire lifetime. It has achieved better standardization of nurs- ing education and a far completer training for its stutlents. Their })ractical work is taken in rotation in the several associated tals. Indigent patients, per diem patients, and private patients are cared for in turn. In addition to more ample and varied courses in medical, surgical and obstetrical nursing, groups are assigned to contagious cases, accident and emergency cases, tuberculosis cases and dispensary clinics. The technical history of a school — and i)articularly of such a jjrofessional school — nuiy be told in statistics, in terms of numerical growth, of educational standards, of a varied and finished curriculum: but its real history is written in the work and the play, in the life and the character of its students, in llic future achiex-ements and influence of its graduates Miss Ij, M. l;,,rvll The vail tuiKleit m ti leir I ' lujr inn lives and traii l:ili-il inln 1 i:iii service incasiirc llic irlli oT llir School wliiili ha- iiilliv alcd Ihe effectual spiril of Ihe niir-r within them. These iiiirsiiif jiiadiialc- of lh ' I iii cisil. - ha ' e ;;i -eii a fjeuerally good aci-oiinl of I hciiisehcs and of their school. From tlie hciiiniiinu, its students iiav ' stood for the |)rinci|)le of student goxcrnment . This system lias dexcloped within them an increasing measure of self-control, a respect for the judg- nu-nt of their fellows, a sense of the rights of other- whic h lhc - lia -c carried forth from the Scl I into their professional relationships. Some fort.v-se -en of the 150 graduates of the School lia e extended their nursing services in- lo homes of their own. Many of these remain n)issionaries of puhlic health in their eommunities. riirec others have married, hut still continue in the i)ractice of their i)rofe.ssion. Two have re- tired to their parental hou.seholds. Two only have died. Two have engaged in pursuits; one has become a inedical technologist and another a dietitian. Twenty-eight are employed in private duty nursing, the primary jjurpose of their calling. Twenty-six are engaged in iiistitu- tional .service and thirty-six in piil)lic health nursing. One is a missionary luirse in a foreign fielil and another, of e(|ually missionary- spirit, has done a uni(|ue work among her own people of .Japan, and is carrying on in the face of the appalling disaster her nation has suffered. The work of these " onien is done in thirteen States of the I ' nion and in three oriental countries. ' I ' lie most significant thing in this historical record of the human product of the School i- that sixty-four women, out of the total of 150 graduates, have taken their place in the leadershij) of their profe.ssion. have .seized upon the larger opportunities of service to which their calling in- vites at the pre.sent day. It is a noble tale of achievement and it reflects a warm afterglow upon the School that has mothered its students so well. The School of the future nuiy take faith and courage from the |)agcs of its brief and recent past. It n)ay find there food for the hope that the I ' liiversity e lucation of the nurse for which it steadfastly staiuls is the go;d to which the ])rofessi()n of nursing surely mo es. NURSES ' SELF (JOVERNMENT ASSOCIATION M. KIK Hendkk ' kson . l,M. KURTH M. RG. RET Allen IJCTH HjERMST. n PrrsiiirnI v. Prcxiilnil Sf ' r.- Trt ' a.s. Gradinifi- Minihrr ( ' H. KLOTTK BORENK KmHLEEN CiEMMELL . Jessie Alle.v (Ieorgl N ' obles Dorothy Thord.vkson . Affiliiiti- Mrmlirr Snntil ( hill r tntii Suit-con lie il dm inn II II Sitii-rouni-il t lull riiiii II Snh-rouiiril I Iniiniiiiu lliiiilrirl,:i . . Ill ' " JInrrii, Cmmrll lljrrm.11,1,1 .1 . Allrii Tlliirililrsnn I ' liijr im DENTISTRY Ralph If. Pedcrxni, Cnllci r Kdllor FROM the time when the University of Minnesota College of Dentistry was instituted as the dental department in the Minnesota College hospital, until the prtsent, when it is one of the foremost ranking dental colleges in the world, it has heen ])ioneer in the field of re- search and discovery. The first organized attempt toward the teaching of dentistry in Minni ' sota was made liy the directors of the Minnesota College hos|)ital in 1883. The huilding used was on the corner of Second and Hanks streets, east, . ccording to present day standards, the (ourse offered was extremely superficial. The term of undergr.iduate wt)rk was three years. In the entrance recpiirenients, five years of actual practice were accejjted in lieu of the first course of lectiu ' es. Each candidate for a degree had to treat two or more patients, and bring them to the professor of operative dentistry for examination. Today the students luust treat hundreds of patients before graduating. In the early days, the student had to make one artificial denture, and it was also required that this ])atient be brought to the professor of i)rosthetic dentistry. An original thesis on some [ of dentistry had to be written, and a specimen of mechanical dentistry had to be i)repared; these were duly placed in the College archives and the School museum. ' I he faculty of the College of Dentistry during the forty year ]ieriod of its life has grown in numbers from se •en to sixty-six. { the beginning of the 1884-85 session, the fac ulty consisted of R. (). Heard, M. D., professor of physiology; W. A. S])aulding, D. D. S., professor of mechanical dentistry; L. D. Leonard and C. E. Cleveland, demonstrators of operative dentistry; and J. H. Spaulding, C. H. Goodrich, I). D. S., and A. L. Lyon, I). D. S., clinical demonstrators. Up to the year 1887-88, only sixteen students had been given degrees, although mary others had attended lectures and received clinical instruction. Most of these students left the depart- ment of dentistry after one or two years, and graduated from other institutions. As yet the de- partment had gained no rank among the other schools of the country. Since 1882, the University of Minnesota had conducted medical examinations and conferre l the degrees of I. IV and M. 1)., iiut no regular course of instruction had been offered. It was a])- )Vilhiii trulls labor llir Stale ' s future lonth- pullers. Theit are noted trhile in sehnol for their annual hnat trip Page 102 paroiit that the cousciisus of oiiinion .it tlinl limo favored I ' nivcrsit - control of tci linical schools, and due to this vidcs|)rcad opJTiion an clfoi ' l was made on the part of llu- Moard of l{ci;cnls to ahsorl) practically all liic Icchnical sc iiools in the Twin Cities into one lionioficncons institution. In ISSS. as a resnil of this nio cnient. the I ' niversily was ahle to offer its first actual course in ilenli trx . In ISdd. I)r . X. Snddilii of I ' liiladelphia was called to Minnesota to become secretary of I he fa( iill - of IIk ' depart iiiciil of dentistry, and the course of study was lei) ithene l to three terms of six months each. ' I ' he followinif year, I)r. Suddith was made I he first dean of the department of dentistry, and the school year was leniithened to eif;ht months. The first series of new huildin s for the .Medical ( dlleiif was (omplcted in 18(12; these new l)uildinf;s allowed the department of dentistry to move into more spacious cpiarters. The fact that thes e buildinf s were located on the University campus made the association of these teclmieal st hools more evident than ever. In the year 1885, T. E. Weeks. I). D. S., .succeeded Dr. Suddith as dean of the faculty. Three years later Dr. Weeks was instru- mental in afiain Icnfithenin the school year to nine months so that it loincided with the term of the Science, Literature and . rts Collcfie. Dr. Weeks was succeeded hy W. I . Dickenson, 1). D. S., in lUOl. who resii; ' nefl in U)0o in faxorof .Vlfred Owre, D. M. D., M. D., ( ' . M., 15. . ., the present incumbent. The i)resent faculty consists of fourteen ])rofessors, thir- teen associate j)rofessors, eighteen assistant [jrofessors, and twenty-one instructors. The growth of the College of Dentistry since its affiliation with the Universit.v has been remarkable. It has made rapid advances, and has ke|)t to the front in dental teaching and en- joys the res])ect and oTifidciu c of the entire profession. The graduates of the College number l,. ' . ' )!), the majorit.N- of whom are [)ractic ' ing in the State of Minnesota. The College is unable to admit all ap|)lic-ants owing to the lac ' k of acc ' ommodations and the University jjolicy of limiting classes in oidci- In insure indiviciuid attention for each student. I), Mfrnl Our, (iEl)KGE PiGOTT LoREN Olson Fred Misk. Donald . tkinson Joseph M.acris f kwin k.vrrell l{ov We.nberc. SKMOU .IIMOli DENIAL I ' rcsitlfiil v. Prfxiilriil See- Trrax. CIASS OEKFCERS SOl ' IlOMOUK ' I ' momas . kmstronc; Marshall Middleton Faiihn 1 ' aden ... IlAUin (in.LHAM . . . Presidt ' iil V. Pre.iidcnl . SciTffary Tri ' itsiirrr I ' RKSIIM.W . rmyle Jaccjbson Clarence Nelson I ' .DWIN UlVESTAD Prcsiiti ' iit v. Pr,:sl h„l . Sccri ' lari Treasiirt-r I ' ri.sii iiil V. I ' rr.sldnil Sfc- TrrdK. .h,tii,ir CI, fs.y ()ili,;-rs [P ' e •S ' i.i i: tj. ' «( (■ iOS M I N I N G Ethtiinl 11- Iltiimn, CoUrgr Editor THE hirth of the Minnesota School of Klines may he traced itulirectly to the discovery of iron in northern Minnesota. Ore in paying ([uantities was known to exist as far hack as 1865, hut it was not until 1884 that commercial sliipments were made. In that year 64,000 tons of iron ore were removed from the Soudan mine at Tower on Lake ' ermilion. Other dis- coxeries followed rajjidly upon the heels of the Soudan and in the nineties, production of iron ore in Minnesota ran into tens of millions of tons. To meet the demand for technical education of a kind called for in the development of the remarkahle mining interests of the State, the general faculty of the University, largely through the efforts of ( " . W. Ilall, professor of geology and mineralogy and later deaTi of the College of Kngineering, Metallurgy and Mechanic Arts, recommended in 1887 that the Hoard of Regents establish a College of Mines and Metallurgy. A course of study for a School of Mines and Metal- lurgy was adopted in 1889 and two years later the State legislature appropriated $(i,()00 for the l)ur])ose of opening a School of Mines, along with an annual appropriation of $4,500 for salaries. The School of Mines and Metallurgy was formally opened with rooms in Pillshury Hall, in January, 1892, with V. R. . pi)lel)y in charge as profes.sor of mining and metallurgy. This marked the beginning of technical instruction and courses leading to baccalaureate degrees of mining and metallurgy were offered. A reorganization was effected near t he end of the year whereby the School of Mines was teni])orarily affiliated with the College of Engineering, Metallurgy and Mechanic Arts. This condition existed until 1897 when the School of Mining and Metallurgy was again established as a separate college. This year saw the beginning of the granting of the degrees of Engineer of Mines and Metallurgical Engineer. In 1900, W. R. Api)leby was advanced from his ])osition of i)rofessor of mining and metallurgy to the office of dean which he still occupies. Thus far the School of Mines and Metallurgy had had its offices, laboratories, and lecture rooms in Pillshury hall, but in 1903 the first School of Mines building, now the University high .school, was partially built, and the following year saw its completion. In 1913 this building was Hire lllr niiiiiiuj xtiiilcillK ilrirr into the mi steriex of minertil.s, irfifn not in liructiral irorh in Ihi- iron llistrirl: of Xortlfi rn M i n- m ' . ' otii. I I ' a; ,- 1(14 m :m Afirr ,1 I),,; .- W„rl: |i.iiily (k ' stPDVcd hy tire. ICiiiporiii ' v (luartcrs wrvv u|)|ilic(l in the m;iiii cnijiiiccrinii huildiiii; iiulil :i new huilditii;, tlic |)r» ' sciit home of the School of Mines, was erected in lUlo. The ore testing ' works, ereited in 1S04, is a vital pait of the School. It was huilt at a cost of S,S,0()(). Of this 84.101) was provided hy the Stale and S:5.iH)() hy private siihscrij tioii of citizens of Minneajiolis. The hnihlinu, whi( h provided (|uarters for the work indicated hy its name, was destro,ved hy tire in litO ' J. lal ' r rehnilt and in l(t2o was torn down lo make way for the new mines ex|)eriment station. It will he of interest to note .some of the piomincnl fcil nrc in t lie dcNclopnienl of I he School. The course in mine surveying was one of the first to receive attenlion. hen the School was oi)ened there was no e(piipment avail- ahle. .V limited nunii)er of instruments were |)rocured in lS tli, and the first School of Mines trip was taken to i;i e the students ex- l)erience in handling; instruments luuier- fjround. This trip was the l)ej;inninff of the School of Mines field work. At the present time courses in fiehl work may l)e said to characterize the curriculum. The facilities of the assay lahoratory show another marked contrast. The original lahoratory located in the hasement of I ' ills- hury Hall contained a mininuim of e(|ui])ment. whereas the present lahoratory is prohahly the most comi)lete in the eountry. Be- fore the lahoratorv was moved into the first School of Mines huilding, in order to accommodate the class it was necessary to divide it into two shifts, a da.v shift and a ni ;lit shift of seven and one-half hours each, and for several years the class in assaying was conducted Iti this manner. Mining and agriculture are the two greatest industries in Minnesota. The value of agricul- tural experiment stations to farmers led memhers of the Minnesota School of Mines staff to recom- mend estahlishing a mines ex])eriment station. This station was organized in 1911. One of its ohjects is to encourage and assist citizens of the state in making liscoveries of new ore hodies hy identifying and assaying free of charge all samjjles found within the state. It also assists operators in determining the hest method of treating iron ores that are too low in iron content to he market- ahle. Research work is also carried on with the expectation of (levelo|)ing new and more satisfactory ])rocesses of treating ores which cannot he made marketahle hy the |)resent standard methods. The new School of Mines experiment station huilding is con- si lcred hy technical men the finest and most complete huilding for the purpose ever erected. The School of Mines, through its various departments, .serves many departments of State .administration. Its service to the State tax commission is continuous and re- (piires nuich attention. At the request of I his (ommission. the Hoard of Regents in 1 ' .1(1(1 entered into an agreement with the commission w herehy the School of Mines acts in the capacity of consulting engineer. In this capacit,v, the estimates of tonnages and ore reserves, suhmitted hy the mining comjjanies, are cheeked, and are u.sed hy the tax comnn ' ssion for the purpose of computing the taxes. Since this work was hegun in lltll. the School of Mines has reported on practically every oiierating mine and ore reserve in the sl.ilc. The north central station of the l ' . S. Uureau of Mines is located on the I niversity campus and occupies (juarters in the new mines experiment station huilding. .V co-o|)erative agreement has heen estahlished helwcen the Slate mines and Federal miiu-s experiment stations. Each has its own e((uii)ment and staff of ex|)erts. I ' rohlems of alue to the profession and of particular I ' aijc 1U5 I ' . S. Exprrimriitiil Sinti m interest t(i the state are taken up and worked on jointly. This eo-operatixe agreement makes it |)Ossil)le for the School of Mines to uiulertake prohlenis which, without the as- sistance of our Federal government, would be impossible. Miiine.sota is mining and shipjjing its high grade ores at a rapid rate; and it is esti- mated that if the jjresent rate of mining con- tinues, the known sup])ly of tliese t)res will he depleted in about twenty years. The iron mining industry of Minnesota will then hax ' e to depen l njjon successfully handling the lower grade ores and preparing them for the market before shi])ment. F ' or many years, the Oliver Iron lining company ' s washing plant at Coleraine was the only one preparing low grade ores for the market, but there are now twenty-six beneficiation ])lants scattered from the extreme eastern end of the Mesabi range to the west end of the (uyuna. Everyone who is familiar with the mining industry of the State of Minnesota realizes the imjiortance of these i)rocesses of ore beneficiation. Much remains to be done in order to prolong the life of one of our greatest industries. The School of Nlines is still engaged in studying these important ])roblems; and as a result, the life of the mining industry in Minnesota will be extended far beyond the period allotted to the shipment of the high grade ores. It is not unreasonable to expect that the State of Minnesota, as a result of investigations carried on at the School of Mines, will receive as additional revenue a sum many times the total amount expended for the support of this institution. Miljonl Ml in ,il rroshi .—l-loiiilnl Feb. o. 19 4. KilliKg Fnrtii Miners MIXES CLASS OFFICERS Leslie M. (ase ( " l. rence O. Lee Klmek . . Jones SKMOK I ' resiiUiil V. President ' ■ec.-Treas. SOPlIOMdl!!-: Klliot H. (Ikifhth Willis J. McLean- Henry K. Martin PresiitenI r. President Ser.-Treiis. .IIMdK 1 ' 1{ESHM. . Victor I. Mann Donald H. Ruhnke Joseph Sodoma . Edward H. Hennen President v. President _ Seerelarij Treasurer (). (). Aanes . rcher H. Marx Lewis G. Tiffany President ] ' . President Sec- Treas. CI, IS. ' ■! r ' «! «■ iim OFFICERS El.mi-:r a. Jonhs Bernard Larim ntelr Don AM) RlHNKE Presideni ] ' . Pre tilde nt Ser.-Treds. TUK School of Mines Society was fouiuled by a s ' roui) of mining; students in 1901. It iiicJiKlcd then, as it does now, all of the men enrolled in the school. The aims of the organization arc dircclcd toward obtaining i)roniinenl men in the mining profession to speak to the students on subjects of interest to the embryo eni inccr. The society keeps up to date a complete record of the alumni, as well as ]jroni()tins a receplioii to the incoming student. In general it is workinu ' for I he be-il interests of the school. m ,1 - E Q i i i " ' ' vw l S Bk it i gj] ' ■ i ' ' m ir- 1 ' - ■ IM I ' nijr 1(1 N CHEMISTRY lliilli I. Stier, Collcyf Editor THE School of (lieniistrv was started as the department of cheniistrv in tlie CoUe e of Science, Literature and the Arts in 1869, when that college was still in its infancy. It was the first science deijartnient in the University, and was located in the Old Main hnilding. Professor Twining was its head, followed hv Professor Strange and Professor Steijhen Peckham between 1873 and 1880. During this last jjeriod the de]jartnient was moved to the Agricultural College building on the present site of the Minnesota Union. Professor Dodge, a Heidelberg honor student, wa.s in charge from 1880 to 1893. In 1891 a full course in chemistry wa.s estab- lished as a dejiartment of the College of Engineering. It became affiliated with the Academic ( oUege in ISUT, as the School of Technical and . i)|)lied Chemistry. Classes were held in the building which is now the Minnesota Union. This building was originally built to house ])hysics, electrical engineering, antl chemistry, but chemistry grew so fast that it crowded the others out. Tales are told of how cloak rooms were u.sed for laboratories in order to accommodate the students who were brave enough to study this ' " bad egg " course. The ijresent School of Chemistry was founded in 1904 with Professor Frankforter as dean. The pre.sent Chemistry building, which was not occupied until the fall of 1914, is, with the ex- ception of the new Library, the building on the campu.s, being six stories high and con- taining fourteen general laboratories. Its Auditorium seats 514 peo|)le. and is used for English lectures and physics quizzes, as well as for chemistry. Doctor Frankforter contiinied as dean of the School until 1918, when he was granted leave of absence to serve in the U. S. army as major in the ordnance department. His place was taken by Professor Lauder W. .lones, who resigned in 1920 to become jirofessor of chemistry at Prince- ton. He was succeedeil by Dean O. M. Lehuul. who is also dean of the College of Engineering and .Vrchiteiture. (■re . ( mt stericf of chemical fornnilac are unraveled; here Fresh- men xleep IhroiKjh Eng- lish lectures: and here Dean " ' .V fA " " rreeires h}s callers. Page 108 Fjn . i.iViiV.nVriL In fifty-H c yciirs tlic Scliool li;is jirowii ciioriiiousl -. Tiic lariillN now inirnln-r Tort -rnnc. four of wlioni arc full professors. ' I ' licrc arc al)oiit a liiiiiilrcd undergraduate students, and more firaduate students llian in any other suhjcel. Almost every student on tlie campus takes s e chemistry l)ef )re fjraduation. Many Academic students take il for Micii- science re(|uir -in ' nl . while the Medical School, the Dental ( " olleKc, the Agricultural Collcfie, the Scliool of Pharmacy, the School of Mines, and the ( " ollefje t)f En ;ineerinfi and Architecture require it. There arc 2, . " ()() of those studcnis from onlside collefies who are takinj; ' chemistry. The School of Chemistry offers three courses: the five year course in arts and chemistry, offered in conjunction with the Academic College; the four year course in chemistry, for liiose whose main interest is in pure chemistry; and the course in chemical engineering, for those who wish to work in industrial lahoratorie.s or manufacturing plants. The governing hody among the students is the Stu lent Chemical Association, which |)romotes athletics, social affairs, the •■t)ig lirother " movement among the chemists, and other student interests. Since there are so few students in the School of Chem- istry itself, there is a feeling of camaraderie existing there which is not found in the larger schools of the I ' niversity. IJecausc of the long hours sjjCTit in the laboratories, the eiieniists must necessarily l)e each other ' s hest friends. Many athletic events are held in which the entire school takes ])art: a tennis tourna- ment, a series of kittenliall games, and other sports. Smokers and mixers are held each (piarter where the students can become accpiainted with eacli other and with the faculty. Draii Ura M. I.vlaiut CHEMISTRY CLASS OFFICERS si;mu1{ -- ■J Miles . . D.xhlen . H. KRV W. Clenn (iEKTRl I)E HlMPHREV -Albert G. Zinl IIaRRV K Do KAN WlLLL M ViEVEKIM. . LVIN EdMI ' NDS . LOREX Shekk .IIMOH M ' y A ' ' fiord ir " p ' f.-iyr , . I ' rf. iilrnf r. Fresidiiil Secrftari Tri ' dsurrr .losEi ' H Ki(;lkk Osr R Mm.ler I ' rcxidiiil .loHN liEAl. . I ' resiilciil . lice Stlrne . Seeri ' lari 1 ' ' r.ank Stodola Trtasiirer Wu.LIAM l!ir K .Iini ' iiir I ' hixs Ollirrrs S ' t-rr ' t ' . ' StJl ' lIO.MOKE I ' UKSHM.W I ' ri ' siilciil V. Prfsiiirnl I ' rrsiil, III r. Presitlciit Sfcri ' fiiri TrrasuriT I ' di r lillt l ' l ' ' l " 1 ' l ' " ' ll» ' " " l ' T»ll ' l EDUCATION ;. All,;,, Dral.;: fullnjr Eililin. HE that governs well, leatls the l)Hiul; but he tliat teaelies, gives him eyes. It is to train better teachers that they may give eyes to the future citizens of Minnesota who as yet see not, that the College of Education exists. It arose out of the demand of the public for professional training for the teachers, su|)erinten(lents, and princijjals of its schools. The first instruction in educ-ation was offered at the I ' niversity in ISS ' i, when Professor Harry Judson began a course of lectures one hour weekly, for seniors in the third term. He con- tinued these lectures till 1SU2. when a teachers ' course was estalilished. Dr. David 1 . Kiehle, then State superintendent of education, conducted this course, and the next year he was a|)- pointed ])rofessor in charge. Ui)on the coniplction n llic two years prescribed, tiic I iiiversity teachers ' certificate was given. In 1899 the teachers ' course was discontinued, and till 1902 the certificate was given to the graduates of the College of Science, Literature and the .Vrts, who completed certain work in the history and ])hilosoi)hy of education. At that time. Dr. George James was a])i)ointed to take charge. His work was a jjcriod of |)ioneering. He organized new courses, and enlarged the scope of training for ]jrospective teachers. The im])ortance and desirability of the dcvclo])nient in training teachers was definitely rec- ognized in 19{)o, when an act of the State legislature authorized the establishment of the College of Education. Dr. James was made dean, and continued to ser e until lltlo. when he was suc- ceeded by Dr. Coffman. When President Burton resigned in 1920, and Dr. Cotfman was chosen to fill the jjosition, Melvin E. Haggerty was made dean of the College, a |)osition he still holds. Until 1913 the work in education was housed in Folwell Hall, but an act of that year provided for the remodeling of the old school of mines building for the use of the College. Up to this time also, there had been no lalioratory for ])ractice teaching and research work, but the acquisition of the building jjcrmitted the establishment of the University high school. Il is organized by lien (.v vffcctfd Ike ed- Kcalinii of Vnirer-sili High students — the hap- less rietims of praetice leaehituj eltisses from the Colleije of Education. I ' liijr no cliief center lor ii| |)nMitice le;icliin and observation in school, tlie liijiii scliools of Minneapolis and St. I ' anl inciilturc serves in the case of |)ros|)ective teachers for )f At and nnder the College, and serves as the all academic snlijects. Besides this hi ;ii may he nsed in case of need. ' I ' iie School of a ' j;riculture and home economics, Dnnwoody Institute, for s1k)|) teachers, the State school feehle-minded, for teachers of subnormal children, aii l the Twin ( " ity schools for a nnnihcr of types of teadiers for whom the I ' niversity facilities are iiiade(|uate. The ])eri()d from 1915 to the |)resent time has been one of iiradual but steady jfrowth, and today the enrollment of the College is over twelve Inindrcd. Sliidciils come from points as far east as assachusctts and as far west as California. En- rollment in the graduate courses is increasing in si ,e atul im- port ance, reaching, at the |)resent lime, o ' er a hundred. With the increase in number of students enrollcil in liic College of Education has come the increase in the number of courses together with a ditt ' erentiation and specialization in them, which i.s a direct outcome of this expanding. Many of its courses are open to the students of other colleges, and thus it is of service to many more students than those directly enrolled in the College. Students in the College are found lo maintain an a erage which is well above the re((uired minimum. " The significance of this commendable record for s holarshi|) is very great " , says Dean Haggerty. " It means that the young peo])le who are being sent out by the University into the public schools of the state are a choice group as regard.s their intellectual attitudes and achievements " . For thei)eo|)le of Minnesota, it means that their children are receiving instruction from teachers who are imbued with a desire to perform their life task efficiently and with a sincere devotion to human service. In the state of Minnesota there are approximately 20, ()()() teachers in i)ublic, rural, elemen- tary, and high schools. Of the total number, about 1,200 are teaching special subjects in the grades and in high schools, instructing more than one-half million students. The College ot Education is grachudly coming to the ])oint at which it may meet the yearly demand for teachers in the .state. It aims to give professional training to w ' orkers, to ])rosecute research, and to give service to the public, and to the peoj)le of Minnesota; and its graduates are .sought by good schools the country oxer. KDlCVriOX CL.VSS OFFICERS .IIMOK President Theodok. Hillstku.m President Secretary M. RC;. KET Serreturt Treasurer Dokothy . . KcRTZMAN SOPHOMOHK ( ' ()R EI.I. ( ' lousing President EfI ' IK M wkie ... Sei-reliir} Betty Ckissman Treasurer Dean Melriti I ' ,. II iiiiijerl i SEMoli Ingolf Kriswold P i.viR. Thorsteinson RrxH M. SER Treasurer -■ . in,i fill OJfir ( )oro ry (iir ) " idx ■ P M ' k I ' aije 111 PHARMACY I ' c.v u ( ' . Abar. rr,IU j, ' Eililnr. FROM one single room in wliat was till this s])ring the storehouse, which had to serve as a lecture room, recitation room, as a laboratory, college office and stockroom, to a good sized l)uilding witli special lecture rooms, laboratories, plant houses, medicinal gardens, and library, gives a brief summary of the extension and growth of the College of Pharmacy from 1892 to 1924. The College was established by the Regents in the spring of 1892 at the urgent request of the Minnesota State Pharuuueutical association and State T?oard of Pharmacy, through whose aid the legislature at the time ai)propriated So, 000. This financial handica]) was more than e((ualled by the fact that no (piartcrs whatever had been ])rovi(le(l for the College. Dean Frederick .1. Wulling came in August, 1892, to find that he constituted the entire faculty, with no College and in ])ronouncedly hostile atmos|)liere outside President Xortliroi) " s office. The College opened in the fall with twelve students enrolled. They secured, against great odds, a single room in what is now the storehouse. Embryology, liistology, and chemistry of the Medical school were taught in the same building. Dean AVulling saw great opportunities and gave the hardest kind of work and sacrifice, which seemingly resulted in the slowest kind of growth for the few following years; but in 1913 the College was recognized as among the foremost, if not the foremost, . merican college of its kind, especially so far as ecniii)ment, building, entrance and graduation requirements were concerned. The facidty had increased, and the enrollment had increased to about sixty. The housing l)roblem had become increasingly difficult, and i ould be met oidy by greatly enlarged ((uarters or limitation of enrollment. The Pharniiiri bitiUiinij irhere aspiriiuj pillrollvrs Irani modern mfthod.s of operatnig tile rontcr dntt storr. I ' a ye lU -• T7- ' _ B ' l ' li( lu ' w plwn-macy Imildlii) was tlic old Millard hall, rehiiilt and made to fit t lie needs of the ( ' (illefif of I ' haniiacv. Tlie appropriation in 1912 was over one iiiindred tlioiisaiid dollars. Il lias l) -en llie hard aTid rontiiiiial work of Dean WuliiuL; I liidiiiiii those years of lack of funds, lack of material, lack of trained men, and small (piarters, and his continned work later, that placed the Colleuc of Pharmacy at Minnesota with the foremost in America. The hiiih Nlandard-- foi ' enl ranee and for i;ra liiation. which are upheld 1) - State laws ooxcrn- wiji pharmacists, are due f reatly to Dean Wullinji ' s etl ' orts. Stringent rules of the State governitif; the registration of phar- macists are causing; the prixate |iliarmaceul ical schools to close down, this in turn hriunini; more studeni-- to the I niversity, makini; the enrollment lariier each year. In a erv short time the present ( ' ollciic will he too small to meet the needs of those enrolled. The medicinal ])lant i;arden connected with the Collef e is one of the largest and most complete in . merica. One of the immediate needs is a new and larjier site for the extension of the •iarden. Many of the ijraduates of the four year course go into posi- tions with large manufacturing houses as chemists, especially with those firms that manufacture pharmaceutical preparations. Many leach in other educational institutions. ' i ' here is ])lenty of room for growth ami development in Dkiii Fr,,!,rirl; I! WhIIih, pharmacy in other states so the work of the Minne.sota College i looked to and lakeii as an exam|)lc liy other states and universities. PHARM. ( ' Y CLASS OFFICERS st:M()i{ .IIMOK Fred Sockett Joseph M. gier- Vest. . b. r Preside 111 I ' . Prexiiieiit Sec.-Tretin. H. ROLD BeLIVE.VL ' Dorothy Ch. mpi.ix M. RY K. Keenax President V. Presiileiil See - Treiis. I ' UESHM.W Philip Cl. rk Luverne Veverson Mercedes . nderson Jiiiiifir (lass (fffieers President V. President Sec- Tretis. J ■,-; «• • Tri " r ' i ' T ' " M » " . " T ' Mj » . i M ' i ' tT» f J ; m OFFICERS Charles V. Netz Ralph J. Elsenpeter Vesta C. Abar President I . President See.- Treas. THE Wulling Cliil), an organization composed of all students in the College of Pharmaey, was organized to stimulate scientific investigation in ijharniacology and its related fields; to promote social intercourse, and provide a channel through which the entire student body may exert its affirmative influence for better and higher pharmaceutical education and practice. Meetings are held every few weeks at which talks are given by members upon various phases of pharmacy. A few college dances and one All-Uni.ver.sity dance are sponsored each year by this organization. ' (« • 114 I GRADUATE L)irllli-, CoUrtjf Editor m TIIK ImiKlingofa great university is proved by no better exidenee tlian the gatiiering within its walls of a body of instructors and students devoted to advanced scholarship and re- search in the varied fields of letters and sciences " , says Dean Guy Stanton Ford of the (iraduate School. Such a body has grown up within the walls of the University of Minnesota in the last twenty years, strengthening the institution itself and bringing it renown in tlie field nf iiigher education. .Ml -Vnu-ricans know that the United States has gone from comijlete dejiendence to almost complete indei)endence of Eiu-oije in the matter of industrial |)rodnction, but fewer know of the like tran.sformation and develo|)nient that has been going on in the field of higher education. Fifty years ago, a man or woman to have a really intellectiud training must have studied abroad in Germany, France, or England. The demand for su])erior training was slow in arising in America, but as long ago as 1900 a dozen universities in the t ' nited States were doing graduate work. In 190o the increasing demand was supplied at Minnesota and the Graduate School was e.stablished under the direction of Dean H. T. Eddy. Only a handful of i)eople registered for work those iirst years and the growth of the school was slow and difficult. In 1913. Dean Eddy resigned and the work was taken up by Guy Stanton Ford, the present dean of the School. When Dean Ford entered upon the direction of the school the registration was 17o students. In 1923 the registration had increased to 1,136 and during the ten years the advanced courses oft ' ered graduate students were trebled. Not only Americans are eiirolled in the graduate school but representatives from South Africa, India, Scandinavian countries and Persia, — in all fifteen foreign countries. In the United States the students come T different institutions and 38 states, se of the (iraduate School is to jjrovide n. cu u l-nnl It If Shinf 111 lVi II I I seventeenth century history lies in the also holds a high place in educational rom I . le i)ur])ose of the (iraduate School is to jjrovide a labo- ratory where the graduate student who works may discover new truths and give them to the world. Uhe i)eo])le who gather in the school are jiioneers and explorers, intent on finding truths of great importance to our welfare. Minnesota is an agricul- tural and mining state and it is for these two subjects together with medicine that most foreign students come to the University. Minnesota is the leading institution in .Vmerica in the luimber of students and high standards in medical graduate work. In addition, the bes the study o Tlu ' Schoo to the toj) in electrical engineering 1 collection in the world of source material for libraries and museums of the Twin Cities, work, in chemistry, and is rajjidly climbing I ' nijr I .; MUSIC Dornlhy Jam Hims. ( ' (illvi f Eililor ADEPARTMFA ' P of music for the University was officially recoifiiized in 1902 by the Hoard (if Hcticnts, who acted in answer to an iiicreasiiii;(leinan(l for such ;i ilei)artnient in the curricuiuni. Mr. Eniil Oherhoff ' er was made first iiead of the dejiartment and .lohn Beach, nephew of President Xortiir()|), was a|)])oiiited assistant [jrofessor. Soon Mr. Heach left Minnesota to study composition, and Mr. Oherliotfer foutul a greater field for his talents in taking charge of the Minnca| olis Symphony Orchestra. Mr. Carlyle Scott headed the de|)artment in 1905 as successor to Mr. Olierhoffer, and has lield the ])Osition ever since. It is largely owing to his efforts that the de])artment has gained its pre.sent high state of dexclopmciit. and has heen given its Hue new home in the Music building. The Department was first located in the basement of Pillsbury Hall, where harmony, history of music, counterpoint, and ])iano were taught in one small room. Before long the Ixitany de- partment began In c im])lain of the excessive noise, so in IDOS the department of music was forced to move from Pillsbury into what was then known as Wilson ' s hall, situated above the Gopher confectionery store. Here the music students found themselves literally in cold storage, for the lieating facilities were insufficient. It sho uld go down in the annals of this histor- ical book that students often had to w;irm mufflers on the radiators and lay them on the ice cold keys before taking their les.sons. In 1913, Mr. Donald Ferguson came to the music depart- ment as an assistant, and the de])artment was again moved — this time to Washington avenue; but this location was soon given the Medical School for a nurses " home. So it was that on Christmas morning of 1914 President Vincent, in the role of Santa (Maus, turned the keys of what is now the Publications building over to Mr. Scott. But in its new cpiarters the department was handicai)])ed by the noise from the (ireat Northern tracks, which i)assed but a few yards aw ay. In spite of all this, however, the department prospered. It continued to grow. New members were added to its faculty. Miss Gertrude Reeves came to MiuTiesota to teach piano; Miss Gertrude Hull to instruct voice work; and in 1913 Mr. Abe Pe])insky, affectionately known to music students as " Mr. Pep " , was made head of the music department at the University Agricultural College. In 19f6 he came to the main cami)usand became head of thechamlicr music department and leader Page 116 Dirirliir Carliilc M Sn,ll tl " ' ' f ' T. ' ! " " ! . ' ! ' ! -tti ' tl«.i- ' - ' " ' ' ' - ' L m m uMlicI rii (M- il - Syiii| li()ii, - ( )rclu ' str;i. At the saiiio time. Mr. Karl Sclicurcr, t ' oniierly second coiicerl mimsI cr of the Miiiiieaijolis SymphoMv ( )ri Ik " t ra, was enj aged to teach x ' ioMii. It w-a in mis Ilia I Mrs. Carlyk- Scott hmnchcd her now I ' anions project on tlie canipns, which in its reniari al)le de ' eh)p- ment lias afforded .such a wonderful o])|)or- tunity to the student hody and to the music lovers of the city to hear in recital some of the greatest of contemporary art- i.sts. I ' nder the direction of Mr. Scott the Men ' s (dee club made a transcontinental tour a few years ajio and the Women ' s (dec clul) has from time to time made a luunher of short tours throufihout the state. In 1920 students were heinj; turned away for lack of space so, when it hecame known that the adjoininji railroad tracks were to lie rehuilt for heavier traffic, the Re.yents decided the time had come to erect the modernly ecpiipped liuilding the department now occupies. Till ' following year, 1921-22, marks the coming of another artist to Minnesota in the person of Mr. William Lindsay. In the fall of 1022 Mr. Earle (1. Killeen joined the faculty. He inau- gurated the I ' niversity Choral .society which has since successfully ])re.sented ' Slvndehsohn ' s Elijah and Verdi ' s Aida. In the same year Miss Blanche Kendall was appointed to fill the vacancy made l)y the departure of Mrs. Tlieresa ( " onrtrine, who for several years had been a most valued member of the staff. With the school established in its new home under the leadershi]) of Mr. Scott, it is dcstinecl to have a great history, of which these first nineteen years shall be but a small part. I ' rexidiiil I ' iiictiil I ' nsviitiiiii Mr. Si-nll inllilln M ii.sir Biiildini Drairn hij Rinrsoii fur flu M i n nrij imli s Trihii nc, HH f Ohl inul i ir M lisir HuiUliltlJs .IT ' I ' ' fUM ' " ! ! I H. ' M ' T HJ ! i i.l ' l.i ' . ' »-. ' -«» . ' r.! Ill ' , t ' .i .i ' ' «.(? • ; BUSINESS Harriet Dcir. t ' oUt ' fjr lulilnr BUSINESS adininistrjitiou lias heen rightly characteiiztHi hv I ' lesiileii t l-owell of Harvaitl. as " the oldest of tlie arts, hut the newest of the |)rofessi()iis " ' . It is, therefore, hut natural that business education should have been the last field to obtain recognition in our I ' ni- versit.v. In si)ite of the fact that the Universit.v of Pennsylvania had established a school of " coni- nierce and finance " as early as 1881, other institutions were slow to break down the barriers of tradition. At the University of Minnesota, the demand for business education was met at first by the establishment of courses in ai)|)lied economics in the College of Science, Literature and the . rts, and later by the formulation of a special course in business administration under the guidance of that college. Hut the business men of the state were not satisfied with this status of l)usiness education at the Unix ' ersit.v. They desired this iniixirtaut and specialized liranch to be under ;i se])arate facidty and dean, where professional atmosphere could l)e created and expert instruc- tion obtained. Five years of effort on tiic part of organizations representing more than ten thousand retail,, accounting and banking establishments of Minnesota, were recjuired to overcome a strong antipathy toward the multiplication of sei)arate administrative units in the Universit.v. .Vt length, in June, 1919, a separate School of Business was establislied by action of the Boaril of Regents. They provided that the members of the department of economics, together with such other ])ersons as might be clesignated. should constitute the faculty of the new school. Its regular student bodv was confined to the junior and senior classes, the first two years of work being left in the College of Science, Literature and the Arts as a pre-business course. Starting with a total registration of but 54 in 1919-20, the School of Business has had a healthy growth, the |)resent en rollment (1923) being 227. This registration, however, represents but a minor part of the Abore, the dignified qnar- ler.i of Eronomirs and Fohiical Science: belnie. the P. 0. — the Campus- trusting place, the heart of the I ' nirersitij. I ' age US Scliiiiilv (ililif;;iti(His, since it I ' uiMi slic-. mII uI ' I lie instriiclinii in I ' cononiicN ;in(l hnsincss :i(lininisl ration i;i cn in tlic otiicr schools and collcues l()catc(l on tlic main cani|)ns. and cooperates closely with the aj ricnlt nral economics }iron|) at the Farm. It also i)artiei|)ates in the various |)hases of Inisiness instrnetion offered by tiie Cieneral Kxlension Division. Some of the outstanding; characteristics in the ilc clopnienl of the School of Business are: (!) the effective use which it makes of its location in a } Teat metropolitan distric-t. Tiiis in- cludes su])plementary training elasse.s in business for seniors, inspection trips, courses and individual lectures by bu.siness experts and the supplying of first hand data for research; (2) its insistence that a thorough fundamental training in eco- nomics is worth nuich more to a [prospective l)usiness man or woman than si)ecialization in some narrow field of business acti ity: (3) its acceptance of the slogan of former President Vincent that its campus is as wide as the state. Through jiar- ticipation in evening and correspondence courses, lectures, addresses to conventions, clubs and short course audiences, as well as by the rendering of personal service to individual business men. the staff has tried to make this slogan a reality. If efforts to estalilish a bureau of business service and research in the School succeed, a service can be furnished to the business uum comparable to that rendered by our Department of Agriculture to the farmer. Diati (itorijt II . Dttiirh BUSINESS CL.VSS OFFICERS .- KMOH 11 h kold b. ker Kli.swokth L. I ' eckham Donald I). I vfokd PaI L . MiELKE .1 1 M () K Prrsidcnl V . I ' rr.iidciil . Srrniari Trviixiircr Uai.i ' h . KorxEM .Iexella Love .MlLDKEI) M. O ' .Neili. Vrcsiilfiit Secretary Treasnn-r Junior i ' liiax (ffficrrs iMilJredc . O ' M ' - ' i I ' mjf IW BOARD OF DIRKCTORS Carl T. Edler Harry A. Arne Glen M. Harold Eluon E. Bosland ' T:R " n " L. Thompson Will C. Reed Dtrriior of Piihltcitii Bernard O. Schwarz Theodore W. Pelton Dircclnr nf Mii.iic President V. Prexiclent Secret ari Treasurer Ernest L. Riher(; T HE ( ' oiiiinei ' -e ( ' liil) was organized in lOllt witli liii ' hogiiinini; (if the School of Business and at the suggestion of Dean Dowrie. Its ])rini;iry [)urpose was to |)roui )te the welfare of theScliool of Business and tostimuhite the interest of the individual student in financial, industrial, and commercial activities. O. L. Buhre, the first president, and Niel Uphani. the first vice president, were closely identified with the C luh ' s early development. that time memhership wa.s practically synonymous with registration in the School of Business. This year ' s organization lias closely followed the traditions established by its predecessors. The board of directors set up under the new constitution has functioned successfully, making for a closer relationship between the members of the Club. M Dean Dowrie ' s suggestion the Club has sought the sentiment of students and alumni as to the feasibility of pulilishing a commerce nuigazine at this time. It is liojied that this ])roject will become a reality before the end of tlu ' vear. J IlarnU Thfimpson I ' lUje 12U f f » r »f .J. ' rj m H Myron R. Alli-n (ilfll ( ' . AiultTson Hiirvev F. Anderson O. I.. Aiul.-rsi.n Fiiul E. Anderson Thorwidd H. Curl V. A|)T le,|Misl Hiirrv A, Arne Wdhur H. Arp Leonard A. Anrjiii John H. Baker Marshall E. Barton Charles S. Beal Herliert .1. Benson Harold A. Berg Oscar M. Berpman Robert F. Berkner William B. Bernian Clifford E. Bjelland Harold W. Black Artas H. Bocllcher Frederic A. Bopp Eldon E. Ho-lan.l Victor H. Bonquel Carl A. Boyntn Richard (i. Brac ' her Norman F. Brandhorst Abraham W. Brnssel Richard Bryant Walter T. Buchanan Frank ( ' . BurR D.oi I.. Bnller C. HuKo Carlson Leslie F. Chapman Malcolm S. Chapman Robert M. Chapman Ilelnier (i. Christensen Donald v.. Clark William I). Clinton Leslie B. Colfix L Louis Cook Ralph W. Cornelison Stanley W. Dokken E lniund T. Dowd Elmer C. Ecklotf Carl T. E.ller Fred T. E.llel Howanl C. Eiehhorn Har,.ld M. Eichten Wallace A. Eketren Carl M. Ekiund Beit .r. Ell. rtson William .1. ElliuK (ieorye I). Emerxin Lloyd M. Eppard Charles C. Euliank Flarold S. Fink Kenneth V. Fleminj {• " enton F ' oley A. Edwin Forsnian .L Arthur Forsman Kennel li H. Frei ' inari Willis F. (iarlouilli .lacol) (ireenberK Fred H. (irose Rawland L CIrove Rov H. (iydeseii Otto E. ILii lund Arthur I.. Halyors.oi Charles I . Hanna (den M. HarobI James Hartnell Leonard K. Haryey Stanley M. Heins Ralph L. HeisinK Elmer C. Herbert- Walter J. Hicl e Dudley A. HoUan.l Bertel A. H.ilm-t,n O. Anu- Holt Flovd J. Hoskin« Russel L. Hoyde J. Norman Hoye Louis H. Hussont; MEMHKRS Jauu-s R. Hutchison Ihl.. E. Raphael Ilslnii) M.lviii C. Ilstrii|. Rudolph Jan en Cliarles H. Jardine ILirobl I " . Jaync Clinton D. Jenkins Earl L. Jidinsoii Joseph Johnson Leonanl M. Kaer. her Abe J. Kahll Robert L. Kane A. Arnold Karlinskv Wilson A. Kalter Helmer W. Kestila I ' ark.r 1.. Kidder Robert M. Kinkaid Movl K. Knox Niiili W. Koelliiuall Keiiiielli N. La|;crc|uisl Rilchev E. Landi- Leif R. Larson Ronald F. Lee I ' raiik A. Lettow Nornian B. Lillecard Har.dd W. Lindberi; Fred D. Lin.biuist Chester A. Lindstrom William C. Littell Trygye Lode Ediiiond B. Loj:aii Swen P- Luuili;ren Harlow C, LuniUiuist Donald D. Lvford Donald H. McCall Leo (i. McCreery Lawtou MacDonald James L Mahoney Caileu F. Ll|les Harry . Tark Herman A. Maroliii II Russel K. Marl ill Samuel M. Matsushil William Meidini.O ' r Carl J. Meblahl Raymond K. Messiier Earl H. Mettner Paul W. Mielke Jay W. Miller Roland H. Miller Harold F. Miteliell Homer C. Mill Harold R. Mo.- Wall.T P. Mollers l.udyiK C. Monsou John F. Nasovsky Ir ' inn R. Nathaiison tieorfie W. Nelson Ewald E. Nepp Wesley C. Nestint- Charles L Nichols. n Ralph E. Nornian Melyin A. Olsen Clarence E. Olsfar.l Earl A. Olson Frank A. Olson Carroll C. Patton Earl F. Paul Clareu.e E. Paulson Harol.l H. Paulson John P. Paulson Ellsworth L. Peck ha 1 Theodore W. Pelton Laurence N. Petersol R.ibert A. Phillips Earl J. Powell Thomas F. Pratt Carl J. Ral laff Charles W. Rebni.l Will (■ Reed Elmer A. Reese M.rvin H. R.thwill Wiliuar L. Ripley S. Ro.k Nunii-riaiio RoJHS W. Harol.l R.den Alvin Roniiiiif; Ralph A. Rolnem EriiesI L. Rnberg Vincent E. Ryan Frank P. St. Cyr Clifford II. Saw.yer Oscar J. Schnelein Bernhardt O. Sch yar Louis Segal Walt.r C. Sehm H. Kermit Severson Harry L. Seyerson ' I ' homas J. Sinnott Warren J. Smith Benjamin . . Stark Mirwiii R. Steffens ( hist.r K. St.ine .lames Stni.lwick Allen C. Sulein.l Thcod.ire O. Sundslrom Waller C. Theilmann Lewis V. Thompson Vernon L. Thompson Carlvie Thykeson I.e.. 11 H. ToUerson F.rl. ' V. Tornstrom Arlhiir D. Toiisley William R. Truax W. Walter Turner A. M. Irnes (io.lfrey W. Valine . iiiol.rF. V..u.el Burton E. Wal.l Chart. -s E. Walker H.riiiaiin R. Wieckinn H.rberl H, Wiedenmani Earl W. Wiley R. (iralit Wooleyer C. R. Ziolkowski lyi ' «- !• .•• UNIVERSITY BUSINESS WOMEN ' S CLUB . ii=» a. BOARD t)F DIRECTORS Jean McCarthy President Ruth Bach Ser.-Trea.s. .Ien ' Love Helen Iars h Mh.dred O ' Neill HONORARY MEMBERS Gkorc.h AV. Dowrie Marion Andrews Faith Leonard Nina L. Youngs MEMBERS Ruth Bach Harriet Dew Agnes McBeath loNE Berch Ethel Hanson Jean McCarthy Florence Bessesen Anna Imsdahl Geney ' ieve McGowan Ethel Bowman Mary Jannisch Dorothy Murray Olive Brooks Gladys Johnston Mildred O ' Neill Helen Canover Jenella Love FXsie Prins Mildred Coddon Norma Rothenherg The i)ur[)ose of the I ' liiversity Women ' s Chih is to promote friendshi|) ami foster a i)rofessi(nial spirit amoiij; women in the Sdiool of IJusiness. Page 122 m EXTE N SION T Joint Cnnnnr. CoUctji- Editor 111 ' ' , (icncial Kxiciisioii Division of the riii ersity of Minnesota was ori;anize l for tlie | iir|)ose of inakint; axailahlo the rniversity ' s resources in faculty, hlirary and lahoratorie- to those persons ofi ' the campus, who are unable to drop all other att ' airs and devote them- selves for four or more years to the pursuit of higher education. Extension work at the University hciian in a small way as early as 1910 with independent offerings l)y several departments, particularly l y (he dejjartment of economies. Correspondence work was also ottered l)y the College of Education. These ofi erings by the several departments were made in Minneapolis and St. Paid indejiendentiy and without coordination or correlation. Soon after (ieorge E. ' iTicent assumed the |)residcncy of the I ' niversity in 1911, it was determined to unif - all of the extension work done in Ihc institution aside from a i-icultural extension and to |)ut this function in a separate organization. In 1913, therefore, the (ieneral Exten.sion Division was orjianized and to it was entrusted all of the extension work at Minnesota. The first director was Dr. Richard R. Price. who came to Minnesota from the I ' niversity of Kansas where he had been engaged in similar work. He has been the director of the Division ever since. Late afternoon and evening extension classes are conducted in Minneai)olis, St. Paul and Duluth regularly and in other centers of the state from time to time. These courses are conducted by regularly appointed members of the l niversity faculty and they carry University credit for proix ' rly ([ualified students. Students who work ail day at llu ' ir daily vocations may thus acquire education at night, or in s|)are time. Correspondence courses are jjreparcd and administered for Ihc l)cncfit of those persons who are not near enough the popula- tion lenters to be able to attend regular classes. One person in a small town or in a country district may register for a cor- respondence course, and does not ha e to wait on the convenience of others. Lessons are assigned him by m;nl and he studies the lessons and makes his written reports also by mail. Outlines, picparcd b - University instructors and the students ' pa])ers are 1), i;,,h„ni ir fr • iu ' cction ] I ' cad b - Ihcsc uiruilpcrs of the fai-ult -. Page 123 Oircrfor Price aiitl Some of his Fnrct ' (it Work ' For the i)urpose of iiiariagiiis ' aiul administering these extension eoiirses, down town offices are now maintained in Minneapolis, St. Paul, and Duhith. These offices make convenient centers for registration. A numicipal reference tiureau is also a part of the organization of the (leneral Extension Division. Here research is made for city officials, investigations are ])ursued, information is furnislied. and advice and counsel are offered. The lecture and lyceum department of the Extension Divi.sion sends out members of the faculty to deliver popular lectures on their respective specialties. But, in addition, it also furnishes complete courses of i)0])ular lectures, concerts, dramatic entertainments and artist i)rograms of arious kinds to the several Minnesota communities. Usually 175 to 2(10 Minnesota towns and cities have these lyceum courses. The bureau of visual education circulates educational films and lantern slides carefully selected for their educational values, among schools, clubs and other organizations. The drama service has collected a library of plays suitable for amateur i)resentation. On retjuest, these plays are sent out for examination with the understanding that if one is selected, the copies of the play will be bought from the jjublishers. This service is much |)atronized and has proved to be a real boon to many Minnesota schools. The community .service is an endeavor on the ]3art of the I ' niversity to lend its cooperation in the formation of a real community sjiirit that slndl take in not only the inhabitants of an incorpo- rated town, but all that trading fringe in the country round about, which makes the town its natural center for marketing, banking and shipping. The organization of the whole comnninity into a unit for civic, social and industrial ])urposes and the development of civic pride and the spirit of good citizenship are the ends to which the Community Service is directed. Short courses lasting from one to twelve weeks are also conducted by the Cieneral Extension Division in several fields of activity. There are short courses for Dentists, for Bankers, for Retail Merchants, for Doctors, short courses in Embalming and short courses in general Citizenship. For professional men, this is a method of bringing their knowledge and technique up to date. For others, it is a method of obtaining the latest and best thoughts on several of the world ' s activities. The Offices Ihroiifjh irhlch Hiniilmis of iiff-viun pits Stitilrnts tin ' Ht-achftt I ' ll ye U4 GENERAL EXTENSION DIVISION STUDENT COUNCIL .ce r- % MEMBERS Emu I. Bastis Hazel Ber(; Lydia Cowdery Geor(;e Eumlm) Wai.ik) Erank M. Kroi.i. (Iram Bessie l Kaki, Kokhn John L. Kolar Jay W. Miller EUMU.ND NiGHTIM.ALE Helen Nordquist Burton Peterson (iEORc.E G. Pierce Emil a. Proulx Charles K. Rounds James (). Ryan Nell Ryan Leo J. ScH YAK - Dorothy Shadduck Donald J. Smith Arthur F. Toensinc, Bernice L. Virtue Arthur L. Wallop Jessik B. Watson m ItlKi Pierce t-rnnk Kiiiuhl S iilhliniiair rage 12n SUMMER SESSION NOT so many years ago public scliools in many coiiiimmities were ()])en t ' f)r a term of only three montiis per year. Gradually tliat term has been leniithened. Now the common length of term is nine months, with a growing number of cities having ten months. At |)resent, there is a tendency to add summer terms in cities, attendance upon which shall be o|)tional with the children, rather than coni])ulsory. This has been a natural evolution. The former reasons for short terms in public schools no longer exist. Children are not now engaged very largely in heli)ing the family earn a living. School are now as comfortable and hygienic as most homes. There is nothing very profitable, either educationally or financially for the children to do when not in school. School work is no longer monotonous and tiresome as it used to be, liut is aric(l and interesting so that continuous all-year attendance is not harmful to health. Essentially, the arguments for the summer .session in the University are im])lied in the reasons for the lengthening of the term in the public schools. Many university students can attend longer terms comfortaVily and without danger to health and reduce the time required for graduation l)y summer attendance. Students who have to earn the money w itli which to attend the I ' niversity can often obtain more desirable .jobs at other seasons than are available during the summer. Why should the tradition of a nine months year persist? AVhy should educational plants valued at millions of dollars lie idle in the summer? The University of Minnesota conducts two summer terms of six weeks each, making a full quarter during the summer. .Vs a measure of the .service rendered by the University in this manner, consider the enrollments durinu the first term of the 192I-) Summer Session: .-1 picnic iliiirii the Hirer, one of the niiin) ileU(}htfiil jileasure e.r- riir.s-ians taken hi .fliulenfs of the Sn miner Se:ision of i:tM. I ' nije IJIi (iraduatc Slii(ii ' iils tlS ( ' ()llci;c of I. ilcr.-il iii ' f. Science mikI Arts . " )1H ' (illei;c of !■ ' , iiLjiiirerinu ;iii(l Arcliilecl lire -H; ' ollege of Afiriciilliire, Forest r ' Sj Home Kconoinics :V2 College of l " ' (iiicat ion . ()27 Medical Scliool . 269 School of Nursing ' 3 i Collem-of Dentistry KW ( ' oIK ' e of I ' harniaey lo School of ( ' lieinistrv . . H Law School 44 School of Hiisiiiess (ill Dian FrnI . . Kcll, . irhii (lirrrts Ihr SjiiinntT Nr.v.v ); In addition to these, many liiindTeds of students enrolled and availed themselves of the free election of courses without registering ' in any ])artieular school or college in the University. These numbers constitute a very creditable university. Only a few years ago, the regular attendance for the academic year at the University of Minnesota was no larger than for the current summer session, (irowth in numbers in the summer session has been much more rapid than has been the growth in other parts of the year, in spite of the fact that student fees have been proportionately much higher during the summer session. We may confidently look forward to the time when the University of Minnesota will not only have its doors open the year around, but will offer equal facilities at erjual cost during all quarters of the year. Stidiiiliimt on iriilrh ti Sdlii riliiif E.vciir.fiini wu tahi ' n I ' aiir I r, Afiric}iltun- Campus — Winter Scene W t Dimtars 1; f ! 3 , i i.Il i .1 ., ] 1 . 1.1 ifl .f .i l 1 til .i ■11. . Eleanor Abbett Duliilli. MItiii Eiliictition Pi Beta Phi: Rockford Colk-ci-. III.. 1. 2; . c|ualii- I.., Y, V. 1 . . ; W . S. G. . 3: W. . . A. E.MiLv L. Abbott MimiiMpnlis Academic W. S. G. . ; V. V. C. . . Liir ! - Cabim-I; French Club. George Abr. msox irKiiiia. Minn. Biisiitc.s.s Sigma .Mph;. Mu; Frosh Foolliall: Varsity Football 2, .S; Frovh lia li.l I...11. MiLRE F. ACHENDACIl lieniiflji, Mi lilm Phi Omega Pi; W. S. (i. A; V. W. C. A; ■U " Business Women ' s Club; Pinafore. Cedric Adams Academic Florence L. Adams Education W.S. G.. ; Minnesota Tigers, Minneapolis Minneapolis »i ' S| s Hester J. Adleman Oscar Ahnmark Edueafinn Driifi.yfri Superior, Wis. Minneapolis -111 " It Ernest G. Albrecht A. I. E. E. Karl J. Albrecht a. I. E. E. Eugiiteeri tnj Engineering St. Pan! St. Paul Engineering Axel B. Algren A. s. .M. E. i. Frederick W. Academic University of North Dakota; Rifle Team I. 1,2. Minneapolis Grand Forks, N. Dak. ; Club; Football n l(I " | M n IM ' P ' I ' ' ' Ml ' T .■1...J..H.. ... ..t.l.l I ■ 1 ) M iuHi hiihd Fulls i .« B Page 129 Grv L. Allen A. I. K. E. Engineering Seattle, Wash. ' i Makgaket Allen MvKi)N K. Allen Commerce C ' hih; Y. M. C A. ' A. Ri r.NAR Almin nr.sing Acude Kuchester, Minn. Pine City, Minn. Cloquet, Minn. m Pharmucy Emilie Aml ndson Ell II cat ion Bottineau. . Dak. . lph;i Delta Pi: Kappa Kappa Lambda; Tam O ' Shanter; Le Cercle Francais Sec. 2; North Dakota Club; Pinafore; Y. W. C. . . Membership Drive Com initlee 1. 2; W. S. G. A. Membership Drive Committee 1. .Vkthik p. Anderson .... Engineering A. I. K. E. .S,4; Y. M.C. A. 1.2.3,4; Signal Corps. Heotor, Minn Carl E, Anderson Ortonville. Minn. Acailen Intercollegiate Debate 3; Krosh Debate Team; .Mternate, Soph Debate Team; Frosh-Soph Oratorical Contest 1. 2; Forum 1. 2. 3, Vice Pres. 3; Band 2, 3; 192.5 (iopher Business Staflf. EixAR C. Anderson Minne;i|)i)lis Academic Delta Kappa Epsilon; (Jarriik; 1925 Gopher Staff; .1. B. Association; Tau I ' psiion Kappa. A KiNAk V. Anderson Minneaptilis Academic Masquers 3; Philo ophv Club 3; Norwegian Literarv Societ.v 3; 1925 Gopher Staff. (;len Cyril Anderson Thief River Falls, Minn. Bii.siness Alpha Sigma Phi; Alpha Kappa Psi; Ci.nimerce Club; Spanish Club -♦ ij igifli SI. I ' anl. MinnCMla—1857 Page IMl HiAL.MEK ). Anderson Clarkfiehl, Mini Agricnitiire . g. Education Club 2, 3; Square and Compass 1. 2. 3; Carrv On Club 1, 2, 3, Pres. 3. Leslie L. Anderson Minneapolis Laic Sigma Alpha Epsilon; Delta Sigma Rho; Intercollegiate Debate. Pail B. Andkkson- MiKuhra.!. Minn. Ariiflfinic Pai-l E. Anderson- ... M;ink:ilo. Minn. Acatlcinic Sigma Bpta; Shakopran: Spanish Cliili; Siironis Ijterarv Sociclv; Commerce Club: ti. O. C; Y. M. C. A: Stadium Drive. Mae L. Akl ndf.r MinncMimlis E hication Y. W. C. A; V. S. (i.A. EvALVN E. . kntson ... Kcd Winn. Minn. Edurati ' nti Beth 1). .Xshen dex ;Minn.ap(ilis Education Frosh Commi-ision; Punchinello 2. 3: " White Headed Bov " 2; Student Council 3; Y. W. C. A. 1.2,3; W. S. G. A. 1, 2, 3; Home Economics Association 1. 2. 3. Margaret .X hline .... Earihatilt, Minn. Acathinic Max V. AsKANASE Fargo, N. Uak. Df ' nfistnj DoN. LD E. . tkinson Minneapolis Drnfisfrif Psi Omega; Class Pres. 3. C.VLVIN AV. AlRAND Minni-apiilis Academic Alpha Delta Phi : Frnsh Baseliall; 192.5 Gopher Business Staff. Lairence . iRELics St. Paul Dcillislrl William L. . i xer Frazoe, Minn. Engiticcriii(f Rosalind F. Ba(h Minmapnlis Educafioit KappaKho3; S. C.A.I. 2. 3; Y. W. C. A. I, 2. r ■ J ' fcp ;. y r», ' • ' •kl |9« S- Saint . I nthoni — .S ' .T I ' afir ISl ' " f " . Russell E. Hackstrom St. Paul hnginci ' riiig Triangle; A. S. M. E. Ernest O. Bailey Roosevelt. Minn. Agriculture Ag. Educalion Club 2; Block and Bridle 2; Webster Literar.v Society 1.2. Dorothy E. Baldwin Minneapolis Academic Thalian Literary Society; W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A. Gladys Bambery St. Paul Hume Economics . lpha Omicron Pi; S. (. ' . . ; . thenian Literary Society. Sadie Banen Gilbert, Minn. Home Economics John . Banovetz Ely. Minn. Engineering ThetaTau; ChiEpsilon; Band 2. 3; A. S. C. E; A. E. S. George L. Bargen Mountain Lake, Minn. Academic University of Montana. IntcrcoUci-iate Debate 2; Forum 3: Deutscher Verein 3. Sophie Barnett Minneapolis ursing e. l W. Bartholomew .... River Falls. Wis. Engineering Glee Club 2: Rifle Team 2; Y. M. C. A. Cabinet 3. Marsh. ll E. Barton Minneapolis Academic . ssistant Manayer Cross Country 3; 1925 Gopher Staff; Y. M. C. . 1.2,3; French Club 2. 3; Commerce Club 3. Albert V. Haumann Fairfax, Minn. Dentistry Charles L. Beard St. Paul Academic Beta Theta Pi; Stadium Drive Captain; Shattuck Club 1, 2. 3. Trcas. 1. Lake of the Isles, Minneapolis It- It m IMII Page IS 1 , : .1 1 t 1 . ■ i ■ t . 1 1 . w .i w ■ . A. I ' Heavchaink Minneapolis Xursin j N. S. (1. A. Madeline L. liEriiEi. St. Paul KilurtttKHI S. C. A; G. O. C: V. S, G. A; V. W. ( A; ll,.,k,-,v 2: I ' hysicn; Education Associution. WiLLARD F. Becker Minneapolis Pharmacy Bask.lhall2.3; Class Vice-Pres. 1 ; Slailium Drive; Wullinc Cliili. Raymond G. Behmler .... Jordan, Minn. Di ' iili. ' itrf Carleton College 1. 2. Erna Behrens Montrvifleo, Minn, Mitsic . lpha Delta Pi; Kappa Kappa Lambda; Music Cluh; Deutsche Verein; TamO ' Sbanter; Y. W. C. A; W. S. G. A. Frank Bele St. Paul Agriculture Harold O. Beliveau St. Paul Pharmacy ClassPres. 3; WuUingClub; Junior Commission; 1925 Gopher Staff Ikel C. Benson Bnhl. .Minn. Enyiiiccriiifi A. I. E. E. Thorsten H. Berg Uulntli. .Minn. Engineering T- llmadge Bergen Minneapolis Agriculture Rose F. BerMAN Minneapolis Acaflemie Menorah Society 1, 2, .3: Scroll and Key 2. 3. William B. Bekman Minneapolis ilusiuea.s Menorah Sociely.Treas. 3; Minnesota Daily SlalTl. m U ' ulher. M iuuesnta I ' liii, I. 0 v William C. Hernstein Stillwater. Minn. Mfdicinf lo.NE M. Bektch Miniii ' aixilis Bufiitievs S.CA.1,2,3; Baseball2: Tani O ' Shantir; C. O. C. 3; -U " Busini- s Women ' s Club 2. 3: W. S. G. A. 3. Herman F. Beseler Winona, Minn. KiKjinceriny Thetii Chi; Scabbard and Blade; Mi.rlar and Ball; RiBe Team 1, 2, Capl. 3 ; (iym Squad . ' i; Techno-LoR Stalf 3; 1925 Gopher Staff; Engineer ' s Day Committee 3; Serond Prize Briggs Foundry Essay Contest 2; .V. S. M. E. 2, 3. Harold E. Bird Fairnmnt. Minn. Eili iiucrifiy Thi-taChi; S viniming2,3; A.S. C. K. Oscar Bjorndahl Minmapolis Diiitisfry Psi Omeca. I ' riscilla Blanchette Home Econnmicx S. C. A; Home Efoiioniics . s otialion 1.2, 3. RlTH Bi.ankenbuehler . . . . Kiluruiion iMu ir Club; Pinafore; Tam OSIiaiil.r. Clarence W. Blce EnginecriiKj A. S. C. E. 2, 3; Wesley Koundation Council. . noka. Minn. Wi ' b.ster (itv, Iowa Springfirlcl. Minn. Acadfiiiic M. J. Bn MENFELD Sigma . lpha Mu. LOCISE M. BOERLAGE Acadcniir. Cosmopoiilan Cliili; Y. W. C. . . South St. Paul, Minn. Levden, Holhunt Donald E. Bonner A. S. C. E. 2. 3. Ronald Boss Ettyiiiceriny Enyinccriny Sank Center. Minn. St. I ' anl Thiril Ai(iiiir Kridtjf. M hi hi ii polls f ' liyr ■ ' J !- " ih Maktin K. Bovey MintiiMpiilis Aruflfinic Zeta I ' -ii; Iiitrrfriitcrnity Ilnckfy. I)(lR il ' M. MoWKKS I-t- Mills. Iowa Kiliicdtinit Mpli.iOini.T.Hi I ' l; I{,Mkf..r,l Cilli-Ki- 1.2. MVNON !■ ' . UllVVKKS Mlrillr:l|lcilis rhaniKinj I ' lii D.-lhi Clii; Viilliiii;(li.l.. Thelma H. MiiuiiKs MiiiiiiM|inli.s Kappii Delta; U- Cerclc Kranc-ai ; V,.iu.i, CI.-.- Cliil. S; V. S. (i. A. 2. 3; Y. W. C. .• . 2. 3. Alpha Boyer Sauk (enter. Minn. S Ill ' s i mj Carl Boytm ' . . Miiineapdli.s HllftillCSK Richard G. Bkachek Red Wins;. Mimi. Hiisiiifss Alplia Kappa P i; ( " . ninlerrc ( " lill . John V. Bkackett MiiituMpulis Af ' iiili ' line Delta L ' psilon. Ralph R. Bkadshaw Kasota. Minn. Ofntistrij Delia SlKina Delta. Nellie ( ' . Brennan .... Preston, Minn. y iirnimi N. S. (;. A; V. V. C.A. JfLIA AnNABELLE BuiOliS Milin.-apoli.s Ellliralioil V. V. r. . . Sneial Servire CntiiliiiHi-.-. IlnWAKDC. Bkinkeu .M i n nea poli.s Chemistry Y. .M. C. . : Student Chemieal Soeietv. Ill ' k l H-}ii sf(i M ill nc.sofa — 1867 l a{jf •) ' • Faribault, Minnesota — 1862 ™ JoHX P. Broderick Minneapolis Ldir Zeta Psi; St. John ' s C ' nilefi? 1, 2; Miisquers; S. C. A; 1925 C.oplier Slaif; Minnesota Daily Staff 3. . Peter B. Bross Rochester, Minn. Architeclure Tan Sigma Di-lta; Architectural Society 1, 2, 3: A. E. S. Hexry F. Brossard Mantorville, Minn. J! Engiiweriug A. I. E. E. 3. GL- DYS-LorisF, Bkdwx .... Minneapolis Education W. A. A; Bib and Tnckcr; Pinafore; Tarn O ' Shanter; Art Education . ssociatiou 1, 2, 3. .J. Lyman Brown Provo, Utah Midicine Phi Beta Pi: Track 2, 3: Cross Countrv 2. 3: Jlinnesota Cross Country Club Treas. Marie . . Brice St. Paul Educulion Women ' s C.lec Club 2; V. W. C A. 2. 3; W. S. G. A. 2. 3; Norse Club 2, 3. Abraham W. Brissel Business Commerce Club 3; Mcuorah Society 3 George C. Brutsch Band 1. 2. St. Paul Ceylon, Minn. Medicine Evelyn L. Buck Ednctifion Mildred Bcffington Delta Cauuna. Le Roy, Minn. Minneapolis Acadejuic Mildred M. Burke Ruth M. Burkland Le Cercle Francais 2, 3. Law Education St. Paul Buffalo, Minn. t Page 13(1 Clarence M. Burlev Aral.s; A. S. C. E. Diiluth. Miiiii, Engineering Robert E. Blklingame .... MiniRupolis Engineering Kappa Eta Kappa; ' 23 Club: A. .V. E; A. E. S; A. I. E. E. Adelaide F. Burns Minneapolis Acudetnic Alpha Gamma Delta: Bib and Tucker; Pinafore; Tain O ' Shanter; Frosb- Soph Oratorical Contest 2; W. A. : .Vquatic LeaRue; Y. W. C. . Large Cabinet 3; 1925 (Jopher Staff; Philosophy Club; W. S. G. A. HS DwiGHT T. Burns A. s. c. E. Leo S. Burns Phi Chi. Paul U. Burt Engineering Gracevillc. Minn, Gracevillf, Minn. Ed Ilea I ion Barron, Vis. ThetaXi; A. S. M. E. 1, 2, 3. Engineering Nl Ml Mildred F. Busch Gaylord, Minn. Academic Alpha Gamma Delta; Masquers. Sec. 2; Y. W. C. A; W. S. G. A. Helen G. Canoyer " U " Business Yomen s Club. J Leonard Carlbom Minneapolis Minneapolis Engineering Carl H. Carlson .... Bismarck, X. Dak. Bltaine.s.s Commerce Club 1. 2, 3, Treas 2; Sueonis Literary Society 1. 2. 3. Pres. 3. John II. (aklson .... Agricnilure . thenian Literar.v . ' ociel.v; Block and Bridle. I.itchville. X. Dak. Leon W I ki,son Minne;ipolis Erlnciili in Minnesota Timers; Spanish Club; Y. W. C. A: W. S. G. . . riic Old Vapilol—Sl. I ' anl Page 137 li|H ' |iipiti ' |i ' | ' M|T» ' r i n iiTf ' | , " I M " Tr MH l M TTi ' f M TrrT. p |T m ; ' , TTiT " f ' T ' T lT " 1 1 ' T ' I ' " M " r t ■ t m i ' T ' tTr ' I M " n :-: i. i.ii. m ,i.. n . .iii, 1. ii.l..i.i, .i,.i.i,i, ' i.i ' ' - !■ . ' i I ' - ' i 1.. . i.. . 1.. ' . ■ ' ■I ' .i. i ' . ... ' .. ' i .. ., ' . K I.I Harold H. Carpenter Pharmacy iillinc Cliih; Ft-ncing Club; Baptist Viiion. OwatoTiiia, Minn. Helen M. Carpenter Minneapolis Academic (tamma Phi Beta; Smith College 1, 2; Minnesota Daily Staff 3; 1925 Gopher Staff; Tarn () Shariter. Ardis B. Cakr Minni ' apiilis Education Phi Mu: Physical Education Association, Sec. 2, Treas. 3; V. . . . . 2. ' .i Base- ball 2; Basketballs; Glee Club 3; W. S. G. A; Y. V. C. A. Thomas B. Caswell Engineering Delta Kappa Epsilun; A. S. M. K; . rabs. Minni ' a] ( lis . nthony R. Catanzaro .... Agricnlfiirc Alpha Gamma Hh..; Block anil Bridle; Wrestling 1.1 Roger Catherwood Owatonna. Minn. . n.stin. Minn. Academic Alpha Delta Phi; Minnesota Dail.v Staff 1. 2; Gopher Staff 2; Editor in-Chief. 192.5 (iopher; Silver Spur; Tr;ick 2. 3. Hazel M. Catvr Minneapolis Education Delta Beta; University of California 1; Women ' s Glee Club 2. Vice Pres. 3; Choral Society 2. 3: Music Club I. 2; V. W. C. A. 3; Christian .Science Society 2. 3; Big Sister 3. (iRACE CeDERSTRAND Education Literary Society; Y. W. C.. .; Sueonis. Minneapolis . iv Chambers Minn ' ;ipolis Education Dorothy Champlin ... Minnrapolis Pliarniacg Kappa Epsilon; Class Vice Pres. 3; WnlHng Club; W. S. (.. A; Spatula Club; S. C. A. Dorothy .Jane Chandler Minric-ap ilis Academic Ali ha (111 Onicira; Thcia Sigma Phi; .Minnesota Daily Staff 1. 2. 3; 192.T liopher Slaff; Thalian Literary .Society 1, 2. Malcolm Chapman Roclu ' ster. Minn. Hn.sine Kiiuishiu ' i Riier — Minnesota I ' aut i.:. Walter ( ' . Charles S. C. A. 2. 3. nililiiit ;. Minn. Education Arthir L. Christexsex Entjinfcrinij Phi Kappii I ' si: Arabs: Ti-chno-lot- SliilT. Miiincapoli-s AsHER X. C ' HRISTENSEN Miniirnpolis Aeademic Ben .Ioa on Club 1, 2, 3; Diploniiitic Club 3; Forum 1, 2. 3. Helmer G. Chkistenson .... Hiulsnii, Wis. Academic t ' niver.-iit.v of SoulIuTU California 1; Forum 2, 3; ComnuTce Club 3. ' : Mildred Clark Academic Miniu ' apolis Otto Christensox Stevens Point. Wis. La ir Catherine Christgav .... Owatonna, Minn. Pfiarmacij Wullint; Clul); Kappa Ep.silon; V. W. C. A; V. S. (i. A; Prfsbyterian t ' nion; Spatula Chili. -_ RCFCS J. Christgac Ayriciiltnre Dwight X. Christiaxson Academic .South Dakota Club; Ski-t ' -Mah Staff 2. 3. Austin, Minn. Siinix Falls. S. Dak. Harkv Clarrex Dnili.slri) Si. I ' aiil A. .Marie Clemmexsex .... Long I ' laiiir. Minn. Education Alpha Dflla I ' i; Carleton ColK-Rc I ; Ta m O ' Shant.-r; W. S. ;. A; V. V. C. A. MiLlJRIiD S. CoDDOX Si. Paul H ttes. ' •T " Husin.-- W.iin.-n ' - Club; li|2. " i (;..|ih.T liu-in. ' ss Stalf. " jnnrTv ' Tlic DLiili ' Cliair — Tai lnr ' s I ' alls Page 139 ' T ' TTn ' Tr ' T " !M " n ' t ' TI ' MT " ' : ll m (iymiinsiuni — Morris, Miiiiu-i ofa Ernest C. Cole Hinckley. Minn. Etigincering Triangle; A. S. M. E. 2, 3; Class Treas. 3; Homecoming Parade Committee 3; Engineers Day Treas. 3; J. B Association 3. V. LTER B. Cole Minneapolis Bvsines.i Pi Kappa Alpha; Business Manager, 1925 Gopher; Minnesota Daily Staff 2; Gopher Staff 2 Fr. ncis Collins Minneapolis Dentistry Kappa Sigma; Delta Sigma Delta; .Swimming 1; J. B. . ssociation. J. Louis Collins Phi Delta Theta. St. Panl Academic Elizabeth Col well .... Education Kappa . Ipha Theta; Orchestra; Y. W. C . . Irene M. Conley linneapolis Rochester, -Minn Education Ele.vnor L. Conner St. Loni.s Park. Minn. Home Economics Y. W. C. A; Cabinet 2; W S. G. A. 1. 2, 3; Presbyterian Union 2. 3; Home Economics Association 1, 2, 3. Alice Mary Connolly St. Panl Home Economics Delta Delta Delta: W. S. G. A. Treas. 3; Phi Cpsilon Omicron; Paint and Patches I, 2, 3, Sec. 2; Student Council 3; Big Sister; J. B. .Associa- tion. Dorothy M. Cooke Alpha Xi Delia; W. S. G. A. Dorothy E. Coolidge Academic Academic Rochester, Minn. Downing, Wis. Y ' . W. C. A. Large Cabinet 2. 3; 1925 Gopher Business Staff; Glee Club I, 2, 3; Bib and Tucker; Pinafore; Tam O ' Shanter; W. S. G. A. G. Proctor Coopek, 111 .... Los . ngeles, Cal. Forestry Chi Psi; Forestry Club: Wing and Bow; Punchinello: " Passing of the Third Floor Back " : Gopher Peavey Staff; Farm Review Staff; 1925 Gopher Staff; Gobblers. Edmcnd Copeland .... Dentistry . lpha Sigma Phi; Frosh Football; F " ootball2. Jamestown. N. Dak. Page I4O Florenxe L. Corell K..I Win;;. Mi Home Econotnics . S. G. A. 3; Y. W. C. A. 3; Home Ecolioniics Ass.niiilii.n 3; Alh.-liiiiii Literary Society 3. KiHiiL 15. Corey Si. ( ' ii)ix l- ' :ills. Wis. Kthiration . klo E. Cornell TruiiKni. Minn Academic Phi Kappa SiKiila; Minnpsota Daily Staff 2, 3: 1021 (iDplicr SlatT I ' llotoL ' r iplKr Ski-U-MaliSt,.ff3 Geor(;e M. Cornell Minncapiili.s Engineering Trianfle; Tau Bi-ta Pi; Chi Epsilon; Ti-chno-LoK Staff 3; A. S. C. K. 2,3; Gopher Drives. Charles .1. Cosandey . I.mcns. Vand, Switzprlaml Engineering A. 1. E. E. ; Cosmopolitan C!ub, Vice Pres. 2; Le Cerele Krancais, Pres. 3. Uhoda Cote . lpha Alpha Gamma. Engineering Minneapolis M. . lden Countryman Masquers 1, 2, 3. Engineering St. Paul Helen Covper Academic Minneapolis Pall L. Covell t water. Minn. Chemistry Stmlent ' s Chemical Society 3; Presbyterian Union 3; Koinonia 3. Theodore J. Co. . . . . Bn.iincss Kappa Sigma; Varsity Football 2, 3. St. Paul Klizabkth CraudiCK Minneapolis Academic Gamma Phi Beta; Pan Hellenic 2. 3; Theta Epsilon; V. V. C. A. Hamilton S. Craig .Minneapolis Engineering . lpha Siema Phi; Swimminp 2, 3; . K. S. 1; .V. S. ( ' . i;. 3; Engineer ' s Day Committee Chairman .3. _.)I M " T I|i| H ' | " | ' ' " TT " T ' ' m ' TT ' t " | M " n ■ ai.iiiiiimii.iiittiiiiiiaiiiiiiiii.ii.t.i.i.t, . 1 . I I I I Luring Pa ric — Minneapolis Page l ,t pis Jfi Robert V. Cranston Minneapolis .1 ( ' ( «(• Chi Psi; Xu Signiii Nu: Tau Upsilon Kappa; Track 2. ;J: •M- •{■Iul). Gwendolyn C. Culver Minneapolis Kdiifdlioti Charlotte K. Cur ran La Crosse, Wis. ■ Juration Hnik,-y 2; Bask.-li.all 2. :i; V.iim.i, Life Savinc Corps: C. O. C; V. A. A.; A(|ilalif League. Vice Pres. 3. Mildred Daane Minneapolis Home Economics Delta Delia Delia; St. ml Institute; Puiichinell.. 3; Pots ' n Pans; • ' Passii.t;.,f Ili.Tliir.l Fl.„.r lia.k. " Edwin J. Uahl St. Hilaire, Minn. Agriculture ( ' li.iral Society 1. 2; . t. ' Men ' s Glee Cluli ■ " ?; Norse Literar.v Society 2. Ruth I. Dahl ( hisago City, Minn. Education . lpha (iamma Delta; Carleton UoUeKe 1. 2; Women ' s Wee Clnli 3; Tani O ' Shanter. (iuNDA C. Dahlin Minneapolis Education V. . C. A. 2.3; Cosmopolitan Club 2. 3: Siieonis Literary Society 2. 3. Klva . DaH-M Madelia, Minn. Education College of Si. lallierine I; Lc Cer.le Franeais 3; S. C. A.; A.; Y. W. C. A. M Walter T. 1). mberg Eveleth, Minn. Dentistry Xi Psi Phi; ' essional Inlerfralernity Council 3,4; Stadium Drive. n .f Gladys P. Davenport . . Kergus Kails. Minn. Howe Economics (ircekClul. 1; Kappa Phi I. 2. 3; V. W. C. A. 1. 2. 3; W. S. IJ. A. 1. 2. 3. Donald M. D.widson Minneapolis Academic Sigma . lphH Kpsilon; Tau I ' psilon Kappa; Swimming I: Minnesota Daily Staff 1. Helen D.widson Minneapolis Academic M ounment in Como Pttrt: — St. Paul Page 14 ■ ' (-:i Olive Dean (inmd Forks. N. Dak. A ursnitj Maki.lkKITE DeCkemek . . Thief River Kails. Mini Home Ecoiwmicx . XXE Deegan Prior Lake. Minn. Home Kconomics . lpha Chi Omegji; Thcta Sigm.-i l hi. Clarence . . I)eLon(; Minn. . lphii Sigma Phi. Harriet Dew Minneapulis Biixinexs . lpha Phi; W. S. G. . . .t: Big Sistt-r Chairman; Finance Commitlee Y. W. C. A. .■): " V " Business Women ' s Cluli; 1!12. " (iopher Staff: Tarn O ' Shanter. Fred H. Diek.m. n Wuiling (lull. Mathias H. Diebel Da(;nv Dietrichson DosL Dietz Stella E. Dietz Deutsche Verein 2. 3. Stella H. Distad Punehini-ll... Vice Pres. :i. Dorothv Dodge Minneapolis hti rmttci Phtirmacif E(ii(Culioii Eiliicittiint St. Panl Menomonie. Wis. St. I ' anl New Salem, X. Dak. Efltirnlifin Ilnnir Em nam it ' s St. I ' anl Minn.a|iolis Kditcdtitiit Sigma Kappa; Ccllig.- l.L ' ; MaM|ilrr Women ' s Dormitory — Morris r„,i. I ; liM " IiiTMT1 ' |i ' i» UTT ' ' T ' ' TTl ' Trr ' ri " M ' t ' Tl Mil ' M " ....... .i . ..1 .1 ..I ■ 1 I . I 1 , . 1. . i . I 1 ■ t .1 1.1 ' i ... 1 Joel H. Uolven MiniR ' ai ()lis Academic Pi Kappa Alpha; Min ' s (W.c Clul. 3; Norse Club 1, 2, 3; Vice Pn-s. 2. 3; 1923 Minstrels. Harry K. Doran Chemistry Miniit-apolis Alpha Chi Sicnia; Silver Spur; Junior Commission: J. B. Association; 1925 Ciopher Business Staff. Winifred Dovglass Education George K. Downs Academic Sigma Chi; Sitjiiia (iallillia P ' psilon. Madelia, Minu. St. Paul Kathryn L. Doyle Minneapolis Home Economics . lpha Omicrou Pi; 192.5 Gopher Staff; Home Economics Association: V. S. G.A: S. C. A. Bessie R. Dragoo Spokane, Wash. EducutioH R. AiLEEN Drake Minneapolis Education ZetaAlpha; Spanish Cluh 1; Tarn O ' Shanter; 1925 Gopher Staff. Nina E. Dra.xten . . . . Education Minnesota Dail.v 2. 3; Masquers. Minneapolis Hazel D. Duling Education Fargo College 1: Y. V. C. A. 1, 2. 3; Women ' s Glee Club. Minneapolis Herbert F. Dingay .... Xorthfield. Minn. Engineering Arabs2.3; A. S. C. E. 3; , Northro]) Club 1, 2: A. E. S. 1. 2. iMi Debora Duyal Traey, Minn. Education . lpha Delta Pi: Minerva Literar.v Society: Aquatic League; Trailer: Y. A. A ■ Physical Education Association; Hockey 2, 3; Basketball 1, 2, 3: V. S. g ' . ' a.; Y. W. C. a Eleanor Duy. l Alpha Delta Pi. Tiacv, Minn. Home Economics Birdsci c View of Dulutli I ' liije l- ' ,-i 4- IMII 1 1 ' V n n Arndt J. Dlv.vll Etighiceriiig ThclaXi; Chi Epsilon: .Morlar ami Ball: A. S. C. K. John J. Dwyer Si. Paul SI. Paul ( ' licmixlri EvELvx E. Eagles Eau (lairo, Wis. Eihtcation Kau Clairo Slate Xornial School 1. 2; Y. W. C. A. .!; V. S. (J. A. 3. Helen M. E. tox Dulutli. Minn. Academic Phi Omega Pi; Kappa Phi; Y. . C. A. 1. 2. 3; Bib and Tutker; Pinafore; Tarn O ' Shanter; V. S. C .V. 1, 2, 3 A. DrYDEX EnERH.VRT . lpha Delta Phi. .Vi.viN M. Edmcnds Academic Austin. Mil Minneapolis Clicmixiri Student Chemical Society 3; Cla s .Sec. 1, 2. .3. Smith Egglestox St. Paul Enyinct ' ring Triangle; Scabliard and Blade: Morlar anil Hall; . . S. M. E. 2. 3, Sec. 3. Nora L. Eklund .... Eclucatinn South Dakota Club 2. 3; Y. V. C. A. 3. William J. Ellixg De Smet, S. Dak. Willniar. Minn. Agriculture G. O. C: Cross Country; Wrestling Manager; Athenian Literary Society; Block and Bridle. PiuLii ' ( ' . Elliott Minneapolis Academic Chi Psi; Pi Alpha; Tillikum; Art Editor, 1923 Copher; 1924 Oophe Staff: Ski-U-Mah Staff 3. Carl E. Ellis A. I. E. E. LeKoy M. Elmburg hngi itcering Engineering Harlem. M,. Milllir;L|j ili.s .- MI I ' M ' MM i r |I M ' ' MM ' MMn irf f ' T ' i|i p »] p ii M r M tiit ' itrrT-i ' l ' T M l ' T Tir ' ' T ' T ' T M l ' ' ' I ' T ' T ' ' ' ' t ' ' r T ' T ' ' ' ' T ' TTr ' l ' V ' ' r - " Minnesota State Fair — 1S60 Ralph J. Klsenpeter Maple Lake. Minn. Pharnutry Phi Delta Chi; Knights of the Northern Star-. Wulling Clnh. Mildred M. Enes V. A. A. 3; Hockey 3. St. Paul AriKir Gladys Enke Home Ecntionncs Home Kcononiios . ssociation; W. S. (i. . . Ai.NEs Esther Erickson Roehe.ster, Minn. Falls. S. Dak. . iirsi till W. ri. i;. A. Board3. Hugo (1. Ericksok Engiiiccri III] Lieutenant Colonel Cadet Corp.s 2; Scabbard anil Blade. .loHN V. Erickson Minneapolis St. Clou. I. Minn, Blisiiit ' ns Miriiieapoli.s . c.NES Mellberg Erkel (Mrs.) Home Economics . W. C. . .; W. S. G. . .; Home Economics . ssociation. LAWRENCE F. St. Paul Engineering Triangle; A. S. M. E. 2, 3. 4; G. (). C. 4; Baptist Inion 2. 3. 4, Treas. 3; Arabs. . mbrose B. Everts Hattle Lak,-. Minn. Forest ri l-oreslrv Cluli I. 2. 3; (Johblers 1, 2, 3; Intra-Mural Athletic Board; Pun- chinello. Helen F ' wald Minneapolis Af riciilfiire . ileen C. Ewalt Education V. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; Kappa Phi; Big Sister. Mildred L. Fairchild Minneapolis A call e Minneapolis itill IHI I ' liiii I ' fi: Annk 1). I ' m.k JM| L- iHj " ■ -- jL Jloiiif Ecoiininics Lkona T. Kanmm, S iir.siny .Tamics .1. I- ' auk V Phi (taliiliiH Dflhi La IV Gerald 15. I- ' akkak (iriiiders ' ( " hih. CairclsoM. N. D.ik. Miniira[)olis SI. I ' aiil Willie Lakr. Mir Dciilisln Kkwin .]. Kakkki.i. .... Dtiilisirt PsiOniejia; Stadium l)ri i : Clas.s Sec. 3. BONEVIEVE M. FaRSJE Edurafinn W. S. G. A.; V. V. C. A.: W. A. A. Spooiier. Wis. Miniii ' apolis Clara E. K. kmam Miniii-aimli.s Home Economics Y. W. C. A. 1. 2. 3; W. S. G. A. 1. 2 3: Home Ecoiioniiis Association 1, 2 3. iNdRID H. FeNGEK Education Mabel I. Fektk; .... Acuilemic Y. W. C.A.I. 2. 3; W. S. G.A.; Kappa Phi. Gretchex B. Keierhak . .■ik..v. Mil Minneapolis Preston, Miii A rude Deutsche Vrrciii 1. 2, 3, Eva Fields La F. ErrE Fields . l| ha Phi Al| ha Edurafinn Pharniari Pipestone. Miii St. Paul Mj £ ' V»« ; ' ;V H ' sr- trrr " i " r iii ' | " | " ' M T ' T ' ' T " Tr ' t " F ' l " n ' T ' ri ' ! T " T " M " ' I M ' II innno. Minncsolu — ISb ' S Page 147 111 •Mil ' I ' ll ' M " - ■ Dululh, Minnesota — ii ' ? Emma E. Figart Austin, Minn. Education Carleton College 1. Elizabeth M. Filkins Tracy, Minn. Home Economics W. S. G. A.; Y. V. C. A.; V. A. A. 3. Harold S. Fink New London, Minn. Academic Alpha Tau Omega; Minnesota Dail.v Staff 2. 3; Y. M. C. A. 2, Cabinet 3; Shakopean 1, 2, 3; Intertorensic Dehate 2; Interfraternity Council, Sec. 3; 192.5 Gopher Staff; . cademic Student Council 3; G. 0. C; Commerce Club. Hazel S. Fish Redfield, S. Dak. Education South Dakota Club 2. 3; Y. V. C. A. 3; V. S. G. A. 3; Northrop Club 1,2,3, Sec. 3; Big Sister. Gr. CE Floerkev Minneapolis Acadcmie Lucille M. Fi.oren .... Grove City, Minn. Nursing N. S. G. A. . RTHrR Fldyd Education Y ' . M. C. A.2.3; Education Club; Philosophy Club. William W. Foote Sanforii, Fla. Minneapolis Education lpha Sigma Phi; Frosh Football; Basketball 2; B.aseball 2, Capt. 3; G. O. C. Lavexa O. Forberg Clarissa, Minn. Academic M. Elizabeth Forrest . Grand Rapids, Minn. Home Economics Kappa Phi; Itasca .Junior College 2: W. S. G. A.; Home Economics . ssociation. Bernard Forseth Eorestn Sigma Phi Epsilon; Wing and Bow; Forestry Club, Roy O. Franzen .... Engineering Techno-Log Staff 3; A. I. V.. E. 3. La Crosse, Wis. Minneapolis Page 148 - ' ■ ■ ' ■ i ' IHI m Gladys Kredenbirg Upsilon Alpha. Minneapolis Dcniistrt) Oscar L. Fkedrickson .... UcnvilU ' . Minn. Hiisiness Tau Kiippii Kpsilon George Freeberg St. (loud. Minn. ArohiiecUire . lpliii Rho Chi; . rchitectural Societ.v; . rabs; Jiowliii) 3. Wesley S. Frellsen Minneapolis Dcnii. ' iirif W. Oswald French St. Paul Engineering . lpha Tau Omega; Pi Tau Sigma; ( " hiss Pres. 3; Engineer ' s Day Executive Conimitlee .3. ZiTA C. Friedl Glasgow, Mont. Home Economics Zeta Kappa; Athenian Literary Societ.v; Y. W. C. A.: S. C. A.; Home Economics . ssociation; W. S. (i. A. IHI Bertha Friedman Minneapolis Educalian Le Cercle FrancaisS; Menorah Society 1, 2, 3; .Mcnorah Symposia 3. Rudolph K. Frokjer .... . skov, Minn. Ayrlnilliirc (Mass Prcs. 3; . thenian Literary Society 2, Pres. 3; Y. M. C. A. Cabinet 2,3: College Debate Team 3; University Dairy Judging Team 3; Block and Bridle 3. Ann Frost Bnsiness Claudl C. Filler Huron, S. Dak. Minneapolis Education Le Cercle Francais 3; W. S. (i. A.; Y. W. C. A.; Bib and Tucker; Tam O ' Shanter; Big Sister; Christian Science Society. l E. G. Fulton Engineering Phi Delta Theta; Plumb Bob; Swimming 1,2 B. Leone Furtney .... Education Alpha Xi Delia; Kappa Phi Club; Y. S. (i. A. Minneapolis Rochester, Minn. Katliirinr I.slniiil — Alliirt Lea Page 149 Gerald H. Fvzzey Dcnfi.stri Minneapolis Haiti E K. Gall Xiirs ' iiuf White Bear Lake, Minn. N. S. G. A. Margaret Mary Galloway Eiiurntion French Club 3. Superior, Wis. ' Nicolas L. G. lvez . Ba.v, La Laguna, P. L Chemislry Pliilippiuesotaas 2, 3, 4; S. C. . 3, 4; Cosmopolitan (lull 2, 3, 4. ' •It- Agnes (;alvi. Home Ecniioniics Ikmm. U. (Iardner Walter P. Gardner Dflitistrif Medicine . ntlion. Iowa Minneapolis St. Paul Dorothy Gasch St. Paul Academic Y. W. C. A. 2. 3: W. S. ;. A. 1. 2. 3; Ice Hockey 2. 3: Pinafore; Tarn O ' Shauler; W. A. A. 2. 3. -• icrS Richard ( ' . Gaskill Minneapolis Academic Theta Delia Chi: Masqueri I, 2. 3; Garrick Club 2, Vice Pre . 3. .liiHN H. Gemmell Medicine Delta Tau Delta; Nu Sigma Nu. Hr;tiner(I, Minn. Laura A. Gerber St. Paul Home Ecnnnmidi . lhenian Literary Societ.v. Vice Pres. 2, Sec. 3; 1925 Gopher Staff. ( AKL GeRDES Miniiea[)t)lis Engineering A Great LaJa ' S Steamer Pail, l ' )0 ( RI.YNN K GeRHART Education V. W. C. A. 1. 2. :i; Kiippa I ' lii 2. .!. MiiiiifHimiis KVKKKTT GeTTEX Wuvzata. Mi Enijint ' t ' ritig M. iMiHiKNK (;inDiN(.s Aiuika. Minn. Edui ' atioji Trailir; MiniTVii Lili-niry Swii-ty; Inter-Hous.- Allilillr i.iiiuiii-3. M. M M DE (ill.l. l ' iirt;il. N. Dak. y ursintj Mildred A. (!illigan Miinuaixili.- Academic W. S. G. A.2,;)i Biliiind I ' lKker; Pinafore; Y. V. ( ' . A. 2. :i. Myle deV. Gii.i ' in Y. W. ( ' . A.; X. S. (i. A. ()s.s.-.i. Wis. S ursintj . . nabelle Gingold Y. S. C. .v.: Mi-norah S,,c I ' t.V, ArTHIR V. (ioBELI a. S. C. K. 1, 2. :i. Helen J. (Johres v. H. (;. a. Drnlisln Engtntcri ntj Eduratittn St. Paul (ilcnWiKxi Citw W i.s. Hii)l)ing. Minn. Mairice Goldberg B,l;i DvlLi Phi. Dt ' nti.siri) Joseph R. Gordon Xi Sii-mu I ' i; Ki)ri-,lr.v Clnli; (miIiIiIit Alois W. (Jrai- Forislnj Eiiiii nt ' tri nil s MiiHK iipulis Dulntli. Minn. Minnraintji.s Commercial District — Minneapolis Paqe I ' , I ...-1 .. .1..11.1 ..1 ..1.1 .1. 1 . 1 . uJI V N L 5i IR li lial h ' t ' n ' f ' h — Ixiiinsri (tuinlli Pflijr l ' ' )J Gordon Graff Phi Kappa Siyiiia. UaV (iRAFF l " lii Kappa SiKiiia. Myrtle Grande Academic Academic Sioux Falls, S. Dak. Sioux Falls, S. Dak. Virginia, Minn. Education LonsE Granger Rochosli-r, Minn. Academic Delia Canima; Skin and Bones; 1925 Gopher Statf; Tarn O ' Shanler. Ruth A. Granger V. S. G. A.; V. V. r. A. C. M. Grapp J. Russell Graves Educa tion neulistry Chemistry Chi Delia Xi; Chemist ' s Club. P ' ranklin D. Gray Minneapolis Minnoapolis Duluth. Minn. Minneapolis Academic Theta Delta Chi; Class Pres. 1, 2; Frosh Commission, .Sec: Soph Commission, Vice Pres.; Division Commander Stadium Drive; Masquers 1, 2, 3, Treas. 2, Pres. 3; Academic Council; 1925 Gopher Business Staff. Marian J. Gray Academic . hraham L. Greenberg Denli.slrii Beta Delta Phi; Menorah Societv. Fergus Falls, Miiiu. St. Paul .Iacob Greenberg St. Paul Business Music Clul); Commerce Club; Symphoii.v Orchestra; Band Orchestra; Con- cert Band. Maurice Greenf St. Paul Denlisfri giec ' M T ■ ■■ ■ 1 — ' ■ " T- " T ' 1 ,!, ' ' r-T " " T -r ■ • ' I ' — i-i-ija-. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 i 1 i i 1 iUiii. 1 ■ - : CHAKLES G. (iKIll ' ITH Grai Tvilli ' Minn _ ■ . - - Genevieve Griffith Aiiiiandiili ' Minn Acadt ' mic ' UniviTsily of Di-nviT 1. -- - TORSTEIX CiKlNAGER Diilulli Minn m m rrr liii.tiiifxs Commerce Cluin Class Tr ' as. 1 John V. Grofe Minnrai)( Iis Acailcmic Zetji Psi; Business Manager. Ski-U-Mjih 3, Advertising Manager 2. Louis Gross Minneapolis La ir Frosh Baskethall; Frosh Track; Football 2. 3, 4; Track 2, 3. 4. Raymond AV. (Iross .... Watcrtown, S. Dak. Knrfinrrring Obert R. Grover Athenian Literary Society. Marion L. Grow . lpha Chi Omega. Atjricitltiirc Moorhead. Minn. Minneapolis Academic Dora Gunlaugson Pharmacy Kappa Epsiliin; Tiiter-Professional Sorority Council. Carl I?. Gustafson M(nitc ' iiif( . Minn. St. Paul Auriciillnri ' Y. M.C. A. 1,2.3: (;.(). (-.3. Henry A. B. Gustafson ... Clianipion . Miili. luhtraflan Y. M. C. A. 2, 3; Liilheran Slnileiils Association; C. (). C. 2. 3; iy2.5 Gopli T Business Staff. Ethel E. Hackinc; Iluiiie Economics Home Kciiomics Association 1.2.3; Y. V. C. A. 1.2.3. Minneapolis . ■f ril " | 1 1 T ' II I ' l ' T ' ' ■ M hitirii po]h Arl Iii. lilulf I ' ai r • ' ■ r Si. Loiiix River — Above Duliilh t ' LiFFOKD 1. Haga (iriiiiito Kails, Minn. Academic Herdis Hage Minruapiilis Academic Makgaket K. Haggkktv Minni-ai)()lis Edncafion lnha Delta Pi; TrailiTs 2. ( ' las Sec. 3; Y. W. C. A. Commissions 1, 2. 3, Sec. 3; .Aquatic Lcauiie; V. A. A.; Hockey: Basketball 3; 192.5 Gopher Staff. Otto E. Haglind Minm-apnlis Husineas V. M. C. A. 3: ConiTiicrc.- ( ' Iiili3. Marion E. Hagstkum Home Economics . .V. .: Big Sister 3; Home Economics .Association. Mark Haima St. Paul Ravnioiiil. Mill Engineering Mine Alva .1. Hai.ev Tlleta Tau: Tail Zela; S( llocl „f Mines Societ.v 1,2,3, Faith P. Hai.i, ... St. Paul St. Paul Academic Y. W. ( ' . . .; W. S. (i. . .; Tani O ' Shanter; 1925 Goplier Statf; .1. B. . ssoriation. .1. . Ll.ISON H. LL Littl.- Kails. Minn. Academic Hestian Chill 1.2.3: V. S G.A. 1.3: .Vurthrop Clnli 2, 3. Mabel A. Hallgke.v Dresser Junction, Wis. Edncatinn ESTHER V. II. lveksen Dulutli, Minn. Edneation Sigma Kappa: ff Commission, Sec. 1: Home Economics .Association. HlLD. M. IIalversex Sigma Kappa; V. . . . . Dninth. Minn. Edncatinn Page I ' )-!, Alice M. II amhi.ktdx Miiiiuaijulis Home Economics V. W. ( ' . A. CahilU ' l 3; Home Economics AssociHiion 1, 2. :i. HdMKK A. Hamm l I ' :i " l (licmifitrn Hn.u H. Hanft St. I ' niil EngincfriiH Dellit Kapp.i Kp ilon. Arthik a. Hansen . . Dulaml. Dak. Knyinrrrliiii Trianslc; A. S. C " . E. (aki. W. Hansen RussiU. Minn. Actidcntic Ethel I. Hansen Dvilutli. Minn. Hii. iinc.-:.t " U " Business Women ' s CUili: Y. V. C. . .; V. S. (J. A. Iva Helen Hansen ll»rt Lea. Minn. Home Economics ( " arleton College; Pi Lambda Theta 3: Home Economics Association 3: Baptist Union .!; Y. V. C. A. 2, 3. Maktin C. Hansen Askov. Minn. A( rirultlirf Ag. EHucationClul), Treas., Pris. 2; Student Cuunril 1.2.3. Clements C. Hanson Harnnm. Minn. Ayrirullun ' . lphii (laninia Kho; V.-hs(er Literar.v Societ.v. Helen H.anson Superior, Wi.s. Efiuraiiott Pkiscilla Hanson Minmapolis Ediirafiou Minnesota Tigers. I ' AKd-; J. Haklin Minn a]) )lis Eiii niffriiiti Theta Xi; Aralis. ,?i ymr- t } j Xorthircst Experiuu uf Sta. — Morris Payv loo Maurice W. Hart .... Etifjinci ' riiKj Triangle; Knjsh Commission, Treas. Diilulli, Arinn. Vll.LI. M V. Hartfiel liciyd, Minn. Medicine Nu Si|rm„ Nu; Baseball 2; 11)25 Gopher Staff; Deutsche Vercin 2, 3. Philh- I1. rtmann Joriian, Minn. Engineering Phi Sigma Kappa; Theta Tau; Silver Spur; Class Vice Pres. 3; J. B. Associa- tion: Kngineer ' s Day Organization; Mortar and Ball; Arabs; College Athletic Manager 3. James II. ktnell .... Uuainess Commerce Club; " t " Auditing Committee. Frontier. Minn. ' 1 Daniel H. IIartwell Minneapolis Frosh SwimiiiinK Team; Student Chemical Society; Chemist ' s Club 2; 1925 Gopher Staff; A. E. S. 1; Engineer ' s Day Committee 3. LiLA Harvey St. Paul Iloinc Kconotnics Kappa Delta: Punchinello 3; Athenian Literary Society 1, 2; Home Economics Association; Class Sec. 2; Student Council 2; 1925 Gopher Staff. r-» an .K Lillian E. Hathaway Stillwater, Minn. Home Economics Omicron Nu: Home Kconomics Association, I, 2, 3; Y. W.X ' . A. 1, 2, 3. Clifford . . Hauge Ashby, Minn. Academic Tau Kaf)pa Epsilon. Charlotte V. Haugland .... Montevideo, Minn. X nij Robert G. H.werstock Academic Minneapolis The Muxir Hall — Morris Page 15f . braha. i H. Haveson Band 3; Menorah Society. Thomas E. Hawkes Academic Academic Minneapolis Duluth, Minn. Phi Delta Thcta; Ma.squcrs; Minnesota Daily Staff 3; 1923 Ciopher Staft. T ' T ' T ■! -I ' T- 1 ' Dorothy I. Hawkins MininTiiiDlis . Iruilcmir Dill» IXIlii IJilta; V. W. C. A. C«hin.-t 2. :!; Y. V. ( . A. ( „„imission 1, . 3, Pres. 2: Turn O ' ShttnliT, Sec. -Treas.: W. S. (i.A.; BiirSisU-r. Ki-UN M. IIawkinson W. S. (i. A.; X. S. t;.A. I). IIWVLEV Xi P-i Phi. Elizabeth J. Haves Alpliii Clii OuK-u-a. Elizabeth IIe.vly (iiuve City, Mi Xiir. iiKj Di ntistnj Education Acailc Sicmx Falls, S. Dak. .St. Tail Fort Dod c, Iowa Kappa . lptiii Theta; Thela Sigma Plli; .Milillfsola Daily Si aff; Cusmnpnlitan Club; 102.5 Goplier StafT; . cademic Counc-il. Margaret Healv . . . . Academic S. C.A.; W.S. G.A.: Hockey 3. St. I ' au LVv August V. Heckek Pharmucif Kappa Epsilon 3: Spatula Club . ' i; WuIIiiij, ' Club 3. Pauline M. Hedberg Education , lplia Gamma Delta; Carletun College. 1, 2. MiuiiL ' apolis Cokafo, Minn. % 1 ' 4B R Alice V. Hedquist Eduriitinn Minneapolis Henry J. Heiland Commerce Club 2; S. C. A. 2. Bust Rice Lake. Wis, • --: Harold II. Heins St. Paul Engincrriny Mortar and Hall 2. 3; Aralis2.3; A.I. K. K.3; 102.1 (iopli.T Staff. Stanley M. Heins Olivia. .Minn. Business Chi Delta Xi; Haniline University; Alpha Kappa I %i; Commeree Club 3. Jl (jlinuood Waterfall — M innnipnlis Page 157 .k l » » ' HiLDEOARD L. HiiiSLEK Hastings, Minn. ur.s-iftg George P. Hklliwell Minneapolis Academic Forum 3, 4; V. M. ( ' .A. 2, 3, 4. Edwaku II. Hennen St. Paul Mines Theta T;iu: Tau Zcla; C ' lafs Treas. 2, 3: Union Board of Clovernors 3: Terhno-Lop Staff 3; Homecoming 3; School of Miiii- Society 1. 2. 3; 192.T Copher Staff. Hernardine Z. Henry St. Paul Kihication Collcgeof St. Catficrinc :. 2. 3; Spani li Clnti: Baskctliall; V. S. (.. A; Orchestra; V. V. ( ' . . . Leslie G. Henry Hawic-k. Minn. Fonslri I ' orcstr.v Cluh; Col.l.lcr ; .Men ' s Glee Club. ( ' . Lee Herron Lo Mars, Iowa Business Delta Tau Delta; Universit.v of Iowa; Tau Upsilon Delta; University Golf Championship 2; Banjo Cluh. Bernard E. Heselton .... Sdutli St. Paul, Minn. Eductiiion Haniline University 1, 2. Mabel C. Hildeton .... Dicr liiviT. Minn. Education Kap|)a Flii; Capan.l ;own; Y. W. C. A. Lee H. Hill Oslrandi-i-, Minn. Agricnlfure . lpha Gamma Kho. Lydia C; Hilleboe . . Knl Lake Kails. Minn. y iirsiug N. S. G. A. John K. Hii.LiAKi) St. Paul Park Engineering Sipnia Phi F iJsilon. Theodora Hillstrom .Minneapolis Education Class Pres. 3; . ll-.Iunior Sec; Student Council; .1. B. . ssociation; Gopher Drive 3; 192.5 Gopher Staff. Indian Famili — Itasca County Page h ' S I)nK()rii .IaM ' . HiNKS MiniH ' MpuIis l ilfinttion Alpha Omicrnn I ' i: W.S. (i. A; S. C. A; M M,ii ' Cli.l. 1 . 2, :f, Dili iTi.i TiickiT; Tani O ' ShiiiitiT; in25 GophiT Staff. l ' " l;ll-Ii H. TllNM-.NK AMI ' Melrose. Miini . {riuirmir . :.- . llask.-ll.all 2; ltaM-l all 2; Miiin.-sol a Daily Staff 2; ff ' ' TJL Mri Kl.lZABKTH F. IllKSH Kappa Uli..; (i.O. C. 2. 3. Arnilrniir . listin. Mi Walter H. Hodc.sox AiiricullHrr Spokane. Wasli. yr i I.II.MAN IlOFF ... Iliinii ' Eronomirs Alpha Oiiiiiron Fi; Y. W. I . A. V. S. C. A. Dllhltll. Mi IsABELLE Hoffman Kappa Phi. Treas. tliu ir Economics Roehester. Mi Josephine Hoffman Actidnnir Adeline Hoien ... Iloiiif Ecottnnucs D.lla I).-lla Delta; Pols n ' Pan . St. Paul Miimcapoli.s Leonard Hoisveen Triangl.-: A. S. II. E. Hakkv S. Holcomh A.I. K. K. 2. 3. EfHft Item fill Eii ' jiiin ' riinj (iraftolL N. Dak. lv eel.sior. Mint Sophie S. Holm Uniiif ErtiiHHfl IC.1 Minneota. Mi . .Vl.UEKT HoLMEU .... Kxeelsior. Minn. Aniilrniir Alliha Sit ' iiia Phi; I ' , .ruin; . ral.-; V. NL C. . . 1 . 2. 3. ,1 liimil Thrinii li flir Pinrs I ' luje I ' lfl -uL; Alfred V. Holmes St. Paul Academic Psi I ' psilon; Frosh Swimming; Varsity Swimming 2. Raymond H. Holmes .... Diiluth. Minn. Engineering Kappa Eta Kappa. RoL. N ' D W " . Holmes St. Louis Park. Minn. Engineering Pi Tau Sigma: X. S. M. E; Y. M. C. . ; Class . thletic Manager 2, 3. H. Adele Holt Minncnpolis Edneation Zeta . lplia; Kappa Kappa Lambda. O. Arne Holt Miiincajjolis Business Checker Champion 1, 2. 3; Checker Club, Pres. 3; Y. M. C. . : Commerce Club. H. RRIET J. Horn .... Bellefontainc. Ohio Home Economics Wittenberg College: Kappa Phi 3: W. S. G. A. 2, 3; Y. M. C. A. 2, 3; Athenian Literary Society: Home Economics Association. Russell L. Hovde MinneapolLs Business Commerce Club. Helen C. Hoverst. d St. Paul Home Economics Home Economics . ssociation Council 1; Y ' . W. C. A. 1. 2, 3; W. S. G. A. 1,2,3; 1923 Gopher Staff. H. rriet_P. Howard Pipestone, Minn. Ediwation . lpha Omicron Pi; Carleton College 1, 2. Margaret S. How att St. Paul Academic College of St. Catherine 1. 2: V. S. G. . : University Choral Society; Women ' s Glee Club; Ka]ipa Rhu. Marjorie a. Howe St. Paul Academic . lpha Delta Pi: . lpha Kappa Epsilon; Y. W. C. . . Commission 2, 3, Treas. 4. Lccv ( ' . Hreh.v Minneapolis Edvcation S. C. A. 1, 2, 3: W. S. G. A. 1. 3; Spanish Club 2, 3; Tam OShanter 3: 1925 Gopher Business Staff. Lake of the Isles — Minneapolis Page ll-in ' il KrEDEKU K 1.. llroHAKT Acfidftnir iil ir ( " lull. Sri-.- ' rri ' :t ; Cliiirul Sofit ' ly. HeVI.AH III l.UKKC. RlDOI.PH E. Hn.IKKAN- Al| h;i l).-lfa Plii; I ' lii 1(1,.. SiL-ni;! Hanirl, Miiiii. Ni.rtlili.l.l. Mi Eilucittioii St. Pa I Mttlicinc Versa (I. Himpfnf.k . Sisseton. S. Dak. Ilomt ' iu-oiiomiCM .Ia.mes 15. Hi.ME Miniuapoli.s Agriculture . lpha Gamma Rh..; (;.(). C; Block anil Bridle; 192.5 Gopher Staff. ( " ECILE J. Hi KLEY Ida HisBY Fjluratton iir.siny . GNES M. HlSET I ' iiH ' City. Mi Minneapolis Minn ' . ' ajjolis Acadcmie Norwegian Literary Socielv; Lutheran Students . ssoeiation; . W. C. A. 1, 2. .Joseph Hi seth Tan Kappa Kpsilon. Lot ]!? II. Ill li. l, Comnieree Clnlj; -S. C. A. . KTHIk K. Ill TCHIN- HeNKV HlTCHlNSON IMii (hi. Drntistrl Htixilirx Ell)uw Lake, Minn. Hcriju Lakr, Min Ayririillnrf Meilirinf V;,.l,iia. Minn. St. Panl Farm Enijiliirri luj Hhlij. — M trri.t I ' niir HU r . Thi:odoke L Hyde Medicine . p erre, S Dak. Phi Chi; Soul Y. M.r. A.2,.i J (lull 2, :!; Frosh Track; B ixiut; 2: Class Pres. 3; II KR II. nv TT Miniii apolis Korestr. (lull 1.2. i; ( Forestry,2,3. Lee I. Ihle Tlli. f River Kails. Minn. h II. linens Y. M (■ A.L ' ,:i Shak.ip. ati; ' iiniinerce Club. UlTH ( ' . IHM llinue Economic. .- t . I ' aul Phi On. 1. 2, 3. g« I ' i; W. . . . W. S. G. A; H.Mi e Kconoiiiics Associalioti Melvin C. I l.STRl 1 ' Miini. ■11 polls CiHiiiiierce C ' lul Kked [msande Engineering w uli ' lla. Minn. A. S. (■ E. 4. Uagnv Ini;ehkits()N -Minn ' apolis n fu Alpha Alpha V.: tiinia; N. S. (i. A. William C. Minn ' a])olis Agricniture Karl H. A. Isexsee Kinil):ill. Minn. Aeadeinic Wn-stling 3. Mabel E. Jackman .... Moose Lake. yWwn Ednratioii LVLE V K .1 ( KSDN . lice E. J.vcobson Forestry Academic Minneapolis Minne;ipolis Delta Delta Delia; W. S. ( ' ,. A. Board, Vocational Chairman 3; Thalian Literar.v Soeicl.v. Treas. 3; Y. W. C. iV. 3. liruinerd — Sonth from Sixth Street I ' lige II!. ' if II AkTHlK C. Jacohson WiniUnii. Miim. Enyinicriiui Tli.hi Tiiii; ( ' ru (■..iiiilrv 2. :i. Ciipl. : ; Tr.i.k J. :i: I ro s Couiilry Club. Vr, : A. IK. K. Revben a. .J.vcobson Eiiyiiifi ' ritnj ThrlaXi; A. S. M. K. 2. 3: A.S. K. I. MiTllllM|)iilis Emji iti ' tri itij Al IN .1 .1 ANS.MA Al| li;i lilio Clii. HlDOLPH .JaNZKN Carletiin ( " nllefjc 1.2; ( " oniinercp Club 3. lii-avt-r (rwk. Miiiii. Mdiililain Lakf. Mil (lifhikd H. .Iknkins Swimming 3. Verna M. Jensen Enijiun-riiiii Kil iiciilinn Victor S. .Jensen Forfstrif Xi Sigma Pi; Fnrr-lry Club; Alpha Zela. EsTELLE .Iestkah (;„T Drivt-; S. C. . . t I ' , St I ' alll St. I ' .-nil (.rariuii. . |);(k Kihiralli Mercedes Joern? . kmin .ImiN- . likei) L. .Jdhnsdn F i Omt-ga. . l,ICE M. .loHNSON . Irddf III ir Dint islri l)i lltistri St. I ' alll Miimi-;i|ii li MilHI.-;,,,,,Ii St. Louis Park. Minn. Ilnmc Erniininif.s H c- K..-..n..nii.-s A- .M■iali,■rl; V. W . C. . ; W. S. (;. A. firhiinl ihv Falls in II iiiitt ' » «■ I6.i .- zisti 1 Hkna Johnson Aifrlrnlture Minneapolis Hi iiic Kcorioiiiii-s A snciation; V W. C. A. Cora M. Johnson Eilucaliiiii Duhilh. Minn, SieiiKi Kappa. KniiH K. Johnson Eilliratioii Minncapcilis Alplia Delia 1 ' .. Elmer M. Johnson Lair Minnrapolis Evelyn A. Johnson Miiun-apulis Eihiraiwti . S. (;. A. I. L ' . -.i; Minnt-s.ila Tlfi-r, 1. 2. :i: la- Cercl.- Franfais 1. 2, .!. PYoRENCE ( ' . Johnson ... Mnffalci. Minn, ursiiui N. S. ;. A. (lEORiiE - . Johnson Mine Aral.s 2, 3: „l Mines S„i-iet.v. George J. Johnson Eilucat nm CiEout.E T. Johnson Marqnctti-. Midi, Hrantwooli, Wis. Dniulli. Minn Eiluration UiiImIIi Slat.- Tea.-lMTs ( ' ..ll.-i;.- 1. 2; C. (1. C. .i: Baptist rniiiii :i: .luni. Kiliu-ation Basket liall. Grace V. Johnson St. Paul Elhiriit ion V. V. C. A. 1.2. 3: W. S. (i. A. 2, 3; i )elta I ' lii Delia 3; Art K.lii.-ati, Depart iiient. Treas. .3. Leste i L. Johnson ( lixpii-t. Minn, ChfiniMrii lplia (hi Siama; Slu.lenl Clu- iiieal S.H-iety, Vie,- 1 ' res; Stinle t ( ' ..Ulieil, Oscar W. Johnson Dcillistril St. Pa 1.1 P si Oinejia; Silver Spur: Slu.lent Cuiiu-iLX. MT " ' Wfr m 9s|«c», :;Hi rr1«i Laic ( ' t)fno Panlion—Sf. I mil r.i.i, !,:■. N ll l U Mkvam .Iohnm)N A. I. K. K. EiKjiuiTriuij Rov K. Johnson . Ayrintllnrr Vel)sl,T; Y. M. C. A. l. 1 ' , HrMiHliiii. Miiui. Sharoi. (). Johnson h ' durtittnn MiiirxMp.ili: Miiuif;iin Ii.s Stella K. Johnson F.diicatinii Physical Kduialion AssotiiiliolK Baskclliilll :i. Webster A. Johnson ... Dulutli, Miiiu. Driitistri Class Pres. 1; Norlhrop Chili; Y. M. C. A; .1. II. Assiicial inn. Ollve L. Johnston Mirinr;ip(ilis Arddeiiiic Phi Oni.-Ba Pi; liili aii.l Tuck.r: T;ini dSl,., iil ,r; W. S. (;. A. Y. W. C. A. RcFusO. Johnston .... Medicine Phi Beta Pi; Carl,l,.ii C.ill.-t ' .-. B. A. .l.-k ' ree. Harold V. Jones . lpha Sigma Phi. Marjorik H. Jones Xa.sli auk. Mil Hraineril. Minn. Etiijinerrinij . Icudrttnr Mirnirapolis Gamma Phi Bi ' la; Kajiiia Plu. Y. . C. A. Sir. I , Caliiiu-I J. :i. Cniiiiiiission 1; Cosmopolitan Cluli 3. Kenneth A. Joroenskn Deiilislri Baiiil I. 2. :i. 4. M nilir;i piili.s KrMA K. Jim Tuiri alli , Minn. Academic . VV. C. . . 2. :!; V. S. (;. , . 1. 2; Pinafon-; Tii in OSIihhIit; ( I . O. ( ' . 2. H. Im, . I)A JlLlAR St. (lair. Mil Aftiilriiiir ♦ 1 Ariel Hridi e Diihilh I ' lif r I (in ||r- ' ■■■ ■ I ' . . ■ I ii_ t 5.. -9 ' Abe J. Kahn Miniicupolis Business Mcnorah Scicirty 1. 2. 3; Cnninif rce ( liib 3: Korum 1. HuiiO R. Kamb Minnep.piilis Mines Sigma Rlio. Ki.iZABHTH A. Kankel .... Red Laki- Kails. Mliui. ursiutf Fei.i.x ( ' . Kai ' Owatoniia. Mimi. Agriculiurf Alhtiiiiin l.ilprar.v Sui-icl.v 3; Band 3; Y. M. C. A. 3 - L. Kakval.a Crosby. Minn. hAliicutioii Edith K Kattek Garner, Iowa h!(luf(UioTi Zi-la Tail Alpha. Milton Katz Minneapolis Law Dean M, Kean Peever. S. Dak. E(iuralinit H.VRdl.D f. Kee St. Paul F.ngifieeriug . Marv K. Keenan Minneapolis Pharmacy Kappa KpsiluiK iMtrr-Pnifi-ssional Sororit, - { ' uiincil. Vifp Pres; Wullinfj Cliil.; S|,alula; S. C. A. .■ )-r ' j " 1 Raymiimi V. Minneapolis Kut lin ' tniiy ThetaTali; El a Kapp;. Nil Aral.s3, A.I.E.E; V. M. C. A. 1 , 2. 3. Makv Kelly Ilr tiston, Mi Academic A Dog Triiiii ill Stirliirni Miii iirsiiln Page 161! I.(.ri .1. Kf.1.1 V t l ' :i " l AcatU ' iiiic K.-ip| ii Si rniH. h " r. li Trjick; ' I ' rack 2. ' .i. P:vki.vs M. Kki.m St. Paul Ar(i(lrjnic Delia 7,fla. V S ; A Walthr a. KliND.M.l MilUh-apiilis Engineerinij Aliiliii Rho ( hi; Archileilural Soi-ii-ty; A all ; Cl . I ' n-,. 1 . ' LM Cluli. (ioRDON L). Kknnkdv .... Mankatii. .Minn. L(i II ' Val. ni.H Clnl. 2. :i; C. (). C. 2, 3. . rthih ( ' . Kerkhof Mitini-a| (ili Mnlicine Wilson J. Kerk ... .Vpplclun, .Minn. Academic Sigma Phi Kpsilon; Manai, ' rr SwininiinR ' IValn; .1. H. .V siicial inii : Manager ' s Cluii. .loHN D. Keyes Winorni. Minn. Mrtticiiic ThelaChi; (i.O. C. N. Ci.ARA Kil.i). Hi Minnt-apoli.s Eflucation Sl.Olaf ColleKf 1,2; V. V. ( ' . A.:i. Her[ii H. Kii. tofte . ski v, Minn. .V r.v ( N.S. C.A; V. V. C. A. KoKERT M. Kink Mil Hinhi-stiT. Minn. . I cadi ' III ic V. M.C. A; (■..iiini.T.c Cliil.. DVREI. KlRK Spcarnnu-n. ' IVxas Academic I ' hl S.iriiia rhl. Hand 1 . 2, :i. Jaiiim I ' . KI--I NKii St. I ' anI Aijncitlt lire tias Hiiildini} — Albert I.ea I ' aije lit] - 1 % Alice L. Klai.stad MillIlr;l]1olis Education St. Olaf College 1.2; Kajip i Kappa Lambda 3. Cl- ken-ce H. Kleffm.xn llililiiiig, Minn. La w Delta Thcta I ' hi; Koothall; Frosh Basket mil. Esther M. Kmdsen . St. Paul KiKjinccrixg A. ¥.. S. 1. 2; . . S. f. K. 2. i SvLvi. L. Kmtsox .... Minneapolis Education Minnesota Timers I. 2, . ; W. S. ;. . . 1, 2. 3. RiTH Ct. Koester St. Paul Academic A i D.WID ( ' . Kopp NFinneapnli.s Engineering A 1. E. E. -2: X. S. C. E. 3; G. O. C. 2, 3: Arabs 2. 3; V. M. C. A. Cabinet 1,2; Sla liiiin Drive; Techno-Log Business StatT 3. LOI IS M. KdRN Clara (itv. Minn. Education Athenian Literar.v S( eiet. ' ; }Z Education Club; Husiniss Manaj, ' er. Minnesota Farm Review 2. Joseph E. Kratt Sicma Phi Epsilon; V.. I). C. Academic lT:ni -o{-k. Mich e] . L(1VS1A M. KrE11sB- CH Education Edna C. Krein " I)RIN(; Education Carlel„nCoM,i;e I; W. S. (i. A. 2. 3. linrhishT. Minn. Cukalii. Minn. Locella . . Kreinhrim, WullinfClnli; Spatula Club. Pharmacy Minneapolis 4. Grandstand — Minnesota Slate Fair fa, I, l :S Pail O. Kketsch.mar Law Venlnri;i. . Dak. Leslie K. Kki i:i.ek ... Academic AcMciu; Di-lhi Sif;iiiii I ' i; ( " arleton Collfgr 1. 2. M;il lrtori. Minn I.oi im; V. Kri-.HN V:il)aslia, Minn Acdtli ' inir .Ml.ll i Delia I ' i: V.S.(;..V; V. W . ( . . . .!; Ta in (I ' Shanler. mi m .loH.N G. KlENZEL FnrcHtry XiSiRniaFi; Foreslr.v Cluli; (liililil.Ts; .Mplia Zela. MoNKOE H. K 11. BERG Aciuiemic Sij-nia . lpha Mil; Masquers; Stadium Drive. Alm.v a. Ki rth Ila.sting.s. Mil I!;nikinsnn. N. Diik. Villarcl. Minn. .V iirsi nti ■i ■ N. S. (,. . ; Y. W. C. . . DoKiiTHV Ki Ki .. i. N Minni-apoii.s Educalinn Delta Gamma; Trailer.s; Aquatic League; Ma.s(|uers; J. B. . ssocia- tion; Class Treas. 3; W. S. G. . . Board 3; Y. V. C. . . ( ummissiun 1,2.3; 1925 Gopher Art Staff; Hoike.v 1. 3; Minnesota Daily Staff 2. Ingolf T. Kvale Hen.son. Min Dcnlistnj XiPsiPhi; Luther Ciilleee; St. Olaf College; Band; Drchestra. HiCHARD E. Kyle Phi (;amma Delta. Minneapolis Acud- Anton E. Labdnte Triangle; A. S. C. E. Ma-Mne Lamson IlnhbanI, Minn. Engint ' rrinij Waterlod, Iiiwa . Irtiilcntie I ' i Plii; l,i»a SlaleTeach.-r- ( ' ..llei-e 1.2; Y. V. C. A; W. S. (,.. . lU TH E. Landis MInnr;ipnli.s floilir t ' ' ri)H(nnic. S. C. A. I. 2. 3. Board 2; Athenian Literary Society 1. 2. :i: H..iii.- Kiciioinii .s Association 1.2. 3; Tam O ' Shanter; V. S. G. . . ' I ' llOKA . . I.ANt.LlE Minnr;ipnli.s Eiliiratifin Y. W. I . A. 1. 2. 3; V. S. (;. A. 1. 2. 3; Minn. sola liners I, 2. .i; (i. I), ( ; Wi.rld Fellowship Committee 1.2.3. I ) A Cabin in tlif Trcfs — Uitjtnnmd l;,.r I ' " [ ' " UTT ' T ' TJI ' TI ' I ■ ' - - ' ' ' ■ ■ ■ ' - ■ I ■■ 1. i. - 1. lilitck lloHse tit t ' ltrf Snclliini Kei BEN S. LaNTZ l{l TH ( ' •. I, KAMN V. W. C. A. Archiffctttrf i riittnji Boone. Iowa St l ' :iiil Turk, Minn. Bernard .1. Larpenteir Miiuuupolis Mill ex I hi Delta i; Ttleta Tan; Alpha Pi Omega; Silver Spur; I nterfraternity ( " uiliuil , ' i; Frnsh Commission. See; Class Pres. 2; . ll Soph Pres; S. C A. Board 2; School of .Mines Society. Viee Pres. A: 192.i Gopher Staff. . nna M. Larsen Artitlc mic St. Paul Lit.hH.-l.l. Minn. Berniece K. Larson Hoiiif Ecnnninicii Xorthweslern I ' niversity; Punchinello; Kappa Phi. I ' kkii II. Larson Minneapolis Enyineering ' IVianjlle; . . S. C. . ; Minnesota Tigers, Treas. . ' 1; Track 2. 3. (il.AIlV-i M. L. RSON I nlntli. Minn. luluctifion :M.isic Clnl) 1. 2, :!; V. W. C. A. 1, 2. ' .i. VV. S. C A. I. 2. :i; Baptist Union 1. 2, .!. Howard .1. Larson Ptli Kappa Sinnia. Lawrence M. Larson Well.s. Minn. Acailemic Medicine Minneapolis LoKiNDA E. Larson Winthrnp. Minn. Home Eeonomics Delia Zeta. Naomi L. L. kson V. W. C. A. 1. 2. -.i. Nellie (!. Larson Little Kails, Minn. Eduralion Ilei ' oii Litke. Minn. Ed ticaiton Hesliaii Clilh 2, 3; W. S. (i. A. 2, -i: Y. W. C. A. 2; C. 1). C; Tam O ' Shanl.r. IMII III Page nu T—I — T-T-- Nil I K. l.AKSON KtluCdItnn . V. ( ' . A; Siu ' oiii lj(iT;ir.v Sucit ' tv, MirinrapMli-- KWDOl.PH li. l.AKSON Ai; Kciii.iilicin Cliili. I.itcliti. ' lcl. Minn. Atjricitlliiri; Vi-.KNON V. Lashmkoiik Nort liHi ' lil. Minn. Ai rlcultiirc Carlfton ColleKr; Hliick .uid lincll.- 2. A: V.-I.»l.r Mli-rarv Sonel.v :i; V. M. C. A. :i. Krwin W. LaiUekt S|t;nlr ;inii " ii IlipjtS.S. N.-w Kiilihiinl. Mil .{(jrii-ltllnrr ' % F - EvKLVN A. Lai ER . lph;t (iHliinia (laliiriia. Donald M. Lavvson Dtnliil Xiirsf H 11 si lies. MinntM])ii Beiisnn. Minn I ' i Kappa . lpha; Board iif Audilors. ■T " Piildic Mli.ui : (■..nini.T.e C ' lul). ,!f tK c. Mary E. Lavcock Sjn-inf; " allc , Minn. Home Kronomics , thrnian Literary Snrit ' t.v; S. C. A; Hitnic Kronninics . ssiicialion; W. S. (I A. Howard T. Lkahv Maplr Lake, Mil Dcntinlry Delta SiBHia l)i-lla-. Wre llinR 1 . 2. (apt. .f; S. C. A. 1,2: !(I2. " (ioidi. Staff. John ' . Lebovitz MiiincMi i li Phurmnc)! Alpha Phi; Menorah Sofiety; Wulliiii; ( liil.; ( re,,- ( niinlry. I! I TH M Leck . ii.stin. Mil Edurdiion Gamma Phi Beta; ( " arlelon {(lileKc 1. 2: .Miiiii.Mila Daily SlalT :i; Y. W. C. A; V. S. (1. A. Cora J. Lee (iliMnvddd, Minn Etlucation SI. Olaf ( ' ollece 1. 2; Lilt heran SI iiilenN A -.oeiali.iii: V. V. C. A. Walter (J. Li:i-: liusinc M. Louis I ' arU. Minn. •;v «r 31 l-iiiiuluin Lake — Albert hca I ' age 171 f ■t ■n " 0 Elcralid Hail mi ij — Diiliilli WiLMA J. Lee Long Prairie, Minn. Academic Alpha l).-ll:i I ' i; Tii ill (I ' Shaiil.r; V. S. li. A: Music Chili; (Mipht-r Drive. Reginald K. LeFaivre Dulutli. M Acddt ' uiir Edna ' . N. Levai: H.sliari Chil,. Nathan H. Levinson h il neat ion La ir Sherman W. Lewin Eiiyiiireriiig Sit ' nia Alpha Si|;iiiii; Miiiiirah Socifty; A. S. C. E. Bekkelev K. Lewis ThftiiTaii; Kr.ish K.miIIii FiircsUiii. Minn. Minni ' apdlis Minni ' apiilis Stillwater. Minn. Engineering Riflr Tiam 1.2. Ada Liebekman Kcirt . tl iii.siin. Wi.s. llnme Economics V. W. C. .v. Cahiiivl :t; I ' lliuhinello 2. 3; Glee Club .S; H.inii- Keouiimic Associaliiiii. See. 3; riiil.i iiial hia u l.ilerar.v Soeiet.v 1. 2. .S. Veeva E. Lieseneeed Conifri-v. Mi Edncation (LVDE V. Lk.htek Minniapiili.s Aiehilerlnre Sicnia Chi; riii er.sit,v nf luHa; Pi . lpha; Masquers; . rchitectural Soeiely 2. 3; Miiinc.snia Daily 3; Engineers Day Orjjanization 3; .1. B. .Association; Interfraternily Council; 192.T Gopher Staff. XCIRMAN H. LlLEELARI) St. I ' anl lin. ine.f. ' Alpha Kappa I ' si. Coiiinierie ( lull 2. 3; Spanish Cluli 3; Rifle Team 1. 2. 3. Eleanor T. Lincoln KiTLHis Fails. Minn. Etinecttion Gamma Phi Beta; Thela Kpsilon; Trailers, Sec. 3; V. A. A. Board. Sec. 2. Treas. 3; 192.0 Gopher Staff; Y. V. C. . . Commission 1. 2. 3; Student Council 3; House Council. See. 3; Baskelhall 1.2.3; Field Hockey 2. 3; Baseball 2; Aquatic Lea , ' ue. . STRI1) T. LlND. HL Mi.nn.l. Mini Education IHII iiiti. .( ■ Page 172 Hi IIHI 11 ROV J. LiNDi.KKN Dentistry Kl. Ik M, LlNI)(,H I T Home Economics Y. V, ' . A: Hiiiiu- Krniioiiiirs A-: ' oci;ili)m. Ilallock. Minn. MiniK-apolis ( ' HESTER A. I.lNDSTKdM Husi ncs.s Pi K:ip|);i Alpha; ConinnTrf Cliih. EVKKETT H. LlNDSTKOM Mi ' diriiif Vf. A I,ITM. N Dcntixlri) Bil.i O.ltii I ' hi; Mincirah Soricty. Makih I. Lloyd Heiisim, Minn Helena. M.inl. Dulillli. Minn (learwaler. Mi itrsiiKj Harriet M. Loagie North St. Panl. Minn. Edtirufiou DoRdTHY Lo( KWOOD ' I ' rygve Lode Acadfinic Butfincsv M. I ' anl Minneapoli.s Minnesota Dail.v Slalf ' .i: ( ' u.smopoiitan flub 2. ' .i; ( " onimerce Club I. 2. . ' t: Norwegian lyiterar.v . oc-ii-l.v 2, ' .i; Square and Compass I. 2. L. A.STOINETTE LoHREN Kdttrntlon .1. S. L 1M1I1N Acildfiilic Minnesota Daily Slalf 1. 2; . Ienorati Sorielx . Mai RKE l.DNDON MiniK-apitii. ' Si ni Citw ln ;l Minneapulis .( It ' . , nr- I ' ll, Cdtludnd—Sl. I ' anl I ' liiji I , " •) ' ' ' - ■■ ' - ' f - ' -- ' ' ■ Maikice a. Lowe Minneapolis Dcnfi.strif Delia Sigma Delta; V. M. C, A; .1. H. General Arran ri ' tiients Conimittee; lit2. Gopher Stuff. M Olive M. Lowex Kappa Phi 1. 2, 3. Minneapolis Education LeMIKE I. LOWENBERC Minneapolis Acadcui ic t ' lji Omega; Thi-ta Sigma Phi; Theta Epsilon; Minnesota Daily Staff 2. A omen ' s Editor 3; V. S. Ci. A; Vocational Committee 3; Le Cercle Francais 2, Sec. 3; 1925 Clopher Staff. Nona M. Lucice Minneapolis La «■ fr -s p jB ' UiiHKKT " . LiDi.i M Minneapolis Kngun ' i ' Txn Kappa Kla Kappa; A. I.E. E; Valomed Club. Klluit L. Li DViiWEN .... Jackson, Minn. Kni iiti ' t ' Tintj Alpha Sigma Phi; Pi Tau Sigma; A. S. . I. E. 2, 3. COKINNE K. LuEDKE Fefgiis Falls, Minn. lidnratwu Ki.wiN K. Li HKING ... . rlingtc)n. Minii. Deidixtrii K. GoRDciN LfMM Weeker, Colo Archxifcture Architectural Socict.v 1. 2. 3. Beatrice J. Lixd Chokio. Minn. Viitxrimxcij WiilliiigCliili; Spatula Clul.. Jefferv L. LrXD Jasper. Minn. V.ixxjxxxcvrxxxiJi A. I. E. E; Advanced Signal (.orps. .V. LlM) KarwiU. Minn y xivs ' xxxti I ' .:.,. I. . S(xxlhmxl.s uxx While Hear LaUe )!■ ■ ' ' ' ' Wii.i.lAM . 1.1 NDICI.I Minniapolis Acuttt ' inic (.r.-.k Clul. 1. 2. Pr. . :i; V. M. C. A. I. 2. :i; Cln.nil Soripty 2: l■hil.. ..|.h.v (■lul)2, :t; I ' ilM.ur.v Oriili.riial 2. IIaki.ciu K. (J. l.r i oi 1ST i v l.umlou. Minn. iiivr.-.CInl.; V. .M. ' . . . . l|,li;, K:ipp.i l i: C, " kRN(1N ( ' . l.lNDyilST Euginccrimj M C. . . :i; X. S. .M. K. 2. :!. Clifkoui) K. LisH . i-iiriii; Itusiiii ' s- MaiMir T H; iiil :!; I ' lii SIktili I ' hi. .Joseph P. Lishene Engineerinij Coiicrt HiiiulL Phi Sipnia I ' hi; S. C. . ; . . S. C. K. Minneapolis Mankatn. Minn. Eveletli. Mir Dnlnth. Mil K.ATHRIXE LlTES Educatio}! Horkev 2; W. A. . . 1 , 2. :!; . |niitif I.eiifiiu- 1, 2. .S; Pinafore; Taiii O ' Shanlrr; V. S (,. A 1.2, :i. Cornelius .1. Lynch . i I ' m Phi. Dinlisfnj Elizabeth E. Mai . ktih k N. S. (; A; W. S. (.. A. .Jean S. M. cMn.LAN S tirsiny Acaderiiic Terry, Mont. Warren, Mil Minneapolis C.amma Phi Bi-la; Y. W. ( ' . A. Commission 1; V. S. (i. A. lioanl 1; Acailiniic ( iinniil 2; Aqnalir LeaKiii-; Hocki-.v I; Minncsola Daily Staff 3: Honu- i-nniin , ' Puhliritv ' .i ' , Staiiium Drive Captain; .1. H. . ssnc-iation; .Vssociati- Kdilor. 1!I2 .5 (lopher. M. KCELLA(i. M (- aM KA Ell itrnt Kill Alpha i D.-lLi; W.S. (,. A. IIaukv N. Ml . Miki-, vs Eiiiji tirrri tiij Helen H. MeliiAiii Hil.liin " Mi Minnea))oli -Minneapolis Education Chi )mc-i!a; Trailers; Ai|natic- League; V. A. A. 1, 2, .i, Boaril 2; Ilask.ll.all 1,2.:j: l02.J(;nph.-rSlatI. Lake lioiiUcitrd — Albert Lrii I ' aijc ;. ' Lumbering in Northern Minnesota Dorothea A. McCarthy Minneapolis Academic (■..l!fs;i- I ' f Sl. Ciilheriii.- 1: S. C. A. 2. 3: W.S.(;.A.3; (lopher Drive 3. Delos V. McCormack .... Litchfield, Minn. Dfiitisfrit Delta Signia Delta. erno- E. McCoy Ivanlioe. -Minn. Academic Theta (hi: Spanish flub; Frosh Baskctb.all. James P. McCilly . .shland. Wis. Enginrcriinj Phi Sigma I ' hi; Military Man.i: CiiKert Hand; Aralis. Helen E. McCJiliivray LeRoy. Minn y liming . A. A; S. C. A. Mildred Mc(io YAN ' St. Paul Education I.-.. Hockev 2. 3; Spanish Club; Tarn O ' Shanler; . A. A; S. ( ' . A; (;. O. C. Cortland S. McGrail Minneapolis Academic Chi Delta Xi. Leo McGkeEVEY .... Two Ilarl ors. Minn. Business •John M. McKee Sionx Kails, S. Uak. (licmistry . lph;i Chi Sigma. LoRETTA I). McKeNNA .Miline;ipolis Education . lpha Delta Pi; Fhvsieal Kducation . ssociation. Vice Pre,. 2; Trailers; S. C. A; Stailium Drive; Hockey 2, 3; Basketball 2; 192.5 Copher Staff. Ha ei. McNish St. Paul Home Econo?nics .Macak ' ster College 1, 2: Y. V. C. ; Home Keononiics .Yssoeiation; Taiii O ' Shantc-r; G. (). C; Basketball 3. Ethel Madison Minneapolis Academic W.S. G. A; Y. Y. C. A; Le Cerele Francais. ' !( (■ 17i: 1 1 . t 1 1 i . 1 . i EdWAKO ( ' . M AKDKK Oni.-ca lp il..ii I ' lii; S. C. A. Mfdiciiir Mercedes Maicrcklhin urtttinn Dorothy H M vr.Nis Education Winona Junior C„11,-k,- 1. 2; Players 3: " Pillars of S. C. A; Tani O ' Shanler. Robert E. Mahoney . . Dfiilislri Xi P i Phi; S. C. A. 1.2,:i,4; (i. (). V. MiniU ' apolis Molt. N. l)Mk W ' ilnnia. Minn. .H-i.-ly " ; Ka|,| a Uli., :i; Los .Viitrfles. Cal, Fred . . Maides Wcsle.v Fonnilation; V. M. C. A. Esther Kay Maki . rnold .1. Mai.strom Dettlistrii Ed ficdltoii Medicine Hav. Dak. Hil)l iiig. .Minn. Virginia. Minn Harold F. .Mai. thy ... I!iili ' alli- -, Minn Eniji nreri iiij Lvcile M. Manderude Dorothy H. Mann Edftra ion Academic aIK ' Citv. . Dak. Minrn ' apo irn ' a polls Ka|i|ia Kappa lianiiii.i: V. . . . . . ' i; .Xrchiteclural Soci. ' l V 2. .■!; . (|ualic LeaK.u-.i; V. W. ( . A. 2. :i: W. S. (1. A; Pan H.-ll,-iii - .i. ' Helen M. Marshall Minni ' apolis Artidrii If Zc-la Alpha; W. S. (.. . ; Y. V. C. A; liil. an. I Tn,k.-r; Piiiafnr,-; (I ' Shallli-r. I{| in l. M l(-sll Ml. .Minnr;jpoli Ed ticill Hill Y V. C. . . 1. J. :i; l ' r,-,li.vli-riall l ' lu..n I, J. .(; Kapp.i lilio.i- I ' l ' . " , (.,.ph.-r SlalF. lidil II III Ciiiistntiiiou •in r i; St. Paul from the Mississippi AxTHoNV U-Maktino Engineering Pi Tau Sigma; A. S. M. E; S. C. A. Uuliilli. Minn. J. Uov Mashek IvHTilidc. Mlmi. Academic Theta Chi; Knighls of the Northern Star 2. 3; H.ii .Icmm.i. l.itirary Society 2; S. C.A.I, 2. 3. Florenxe M. Mason Education Miiiiifiipolis Miiim ' api)lis Sally K. Mathews Academic . lpha Chi Onu-ga; Thalian Literary Society i. 2. 3; Spanish Club 3; Pinafore. Vice Pres. 2; Tarn O ' Shanter. Pre . 3; Staiiiuni Drive; lfl25 (iopher Business Staff. Cora Mattson Education V. S. C.A; V. V. C A: I,.- C.rcl.- Krancais. Joseph C. M.mkis Xi Psi Phi. M RTi.E E. Mavhew Minneapolis ■ IiiTl)iirri. Mitiii. Dentistry Minneapolis Clayton F. Mayo Y. M.C. A. 1.2.3. Education Academic l!raiiiei-.l. Mi Crystel K. Mayti m Mexanilria. S. Dak. Education Ciiiversitv of South Dakota; Physical Education . ssocialioci; W. . . A; Hock- ey 3. . dlora M. Maze Minneapolis Home Economicx S. C.A.I. 2. 3; V. S. C. A. 1. 2. 3; Tnm O ' Sharil.ri Hoiji.. Ivonomics . ssociati jn 1. 2. 3. .Joseph E. Meagher IIolilirii;fnrcl. Minn. Eitgineering Theta Xi; Student Council 2; XW Soph Pres. 2; Class Pres. 2; Techno-LoK Staffs; . iabs3: Engineers Day Committee 3. Elizabeth S. Meck St. Panl Xur.sing Page i:S r- IH Will IWI Mkiiiincek Collciji ' I ' lacc. Wash. ConimtTfi- C ' luli; (I. O. ( " . (Mil .1 Mil I) H1, M,-y City, N. Dak. ConinuTrc ( " luli; Dfltii Sipma I ' i. Bl.vxche Mkrcil Ciuiik.siiin. Miiiii. Kducdfion Kappa Dilla, Ciillei;.- of St. C ' alherine 1. 2; l.i- Onlc KraiiiaU; W. S. G. A: s. c. .v. .). ( ' . V.VNCE MeTCAI.F St I ' alll Di ' itti.strf I ' si Onu ' tja. Frances Miller .Xii.stin. Miinr. Educulioti Carleton College I. 2. Gladys M. Miller Miiini-a|)nli,s Etliiciilion V. S. c;. A; V. A. . V. W. C. . . Roger (i. Miller Minneapolis Di ' niistnj Delta Si nia I elta. H.vRTZELL C. Mills ... Miteliell. S. I)al . Enyiiii ' fri ntj . c-ncia. Carl .1. Mittix Fosston. Miiui. Dnifistri LlciLE (;. Mil MiiiiicapDlis Academic Y. W. C. A. ( ' i)nillli.ssiotiN 1. 2. 3. Pns. 1; V V. C. A. Cabinet 1; Pinafore. Sec-Treas. 2; Cla. .s See. ;i; ' hairiiian of Tntorin« Bureau W. .S. C. A. John J. Moe rn.lcMwi.o.l. .Minn. A( rtritltHrc Hloi ' k an l Hriille .luiiANNE K. MoEN Minn.Mp(ili Medicine .1 iieliii liii Ftills — Minneapolis ■„, .• i:: EUWIN W. MOLANDEK Marinette. Wis. Architecture Archileclural Socielv 2. 3; A. K. S. 1. 2: G. O. C; Fcniing X; Track 2; Y. M.C. A. 1.2. Valentine G. Moline Walter P. Molleks Acade Minneapolis (iniftoii, . Dak. Bu.sines.s LuDVu; C. MoNSON t ' linton. Minn. Hu.sitics.y ComnKTcp Chih 2. S. 4; V. M. ( ' . : LvittuTHn Student ' ; . sociatioii. .James K. .Ik. . . Crookston. Minn. Acailemic rarl.-l„ii (■..U,Kc 1,2. Iiil,T.C.illi ' Ki;ite Dcliate T.-;im .i. Edjrnd T. Montgomery Minneapolis Academic . lphit Tau Ouu-ca; Ski-U-Mah Staff 1. 2, 3: Minnesota Daily Staff 1.2; Copher Staff 1.2: Pla.vers. Norman H. .Moore ■ . . Minneapolis Engineering Bu iiiess Manaijer. Te( fino-Log 1; .Architectural Soriet.v 1. 2; A. S. C. E. RiTH . . More Wiinl.ledon. Dak. Education Y. W. C. . Cjthinet 2. 3; Chi Kappa . lpha; Presbyterian Union Cahinel. ' ?; ,N .rlh Dakota Cluli; Cosmopolitan Club. m I)i: i:V K. MdKEHE.XD OiiuT- ' a rpsiloii I ' hi. Harold P. Mokki Miiuu-apolis Mi ' dicine St. Paul Agriculture Alpha Zeta; Allu-iuan Litciary Suciety: and Hri.lle; Y. M. C. A. Cabinet . ' i. Elizabeth Morrison Mimu-apoli, Academic Kappa Kappa (laninia; Y. W. C. A: V. S. C. A; Pan Hell, ni -. Pres. 3. Albert W. Morse Mium-apolis Engiuvering Theta Tau; Sigma Delta Chi; Arabs; Shakopean; A. I. E. K; Minnesota Daily Staff 1. 3; Student Editor, Alumni Weekly 2; Ski- U-Mah Staff 1; Engineers Day Committee; 1925 (lupher Staff. ! nrfherti I ' tirific Shop.-i— Hraiutril Page 180 ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ Makjokik M. Moksk Arudvmir Minnrapoiis Zclji Alpliit; I.I- ' «Trlr Frjinrais; I ' rfshylfriiiii riiimi; Hie Sister. Illl.ll V. MiiKTEN ' SOX Mimii ' apolis Aiirioill itrr Alpha C ainina Itllu. Hrrn Mokton EtlltCitlinii Milwaiik ' i ' . Wis. f C John (!. Moss BaM-l.all 2. Mcdiriin St. I ' alll i Elmer B. Mo.xNESs (uiiilHTlari.l. Vi. . Herman K. Mieli.i r St. Paul Armleviic Chi Di ' hii Xi; Frnsh Cyni Squad; G.vm Squail 2. A. Lettie I. .Ml IRHEAD St. I ' alll Ilomt- Eronotnii-s Home Keom mics .Association; Big Sister. James S. Mulvey Stilhvati-r. .Minn. Hii.fincs.s Phi (Janiiiia Delta; Forestry Cliih; Swimtiiinc I. 2. KlilTH I.. Ml ' NNS MillTli;i|)iilis Hdlllt EcDfitijnirs Y. W. C. A. Commission 1; Y ' . V. C. . . Cal.inel W: . S. (1. A; Hoiii.- Ke,,- nomics .Association. .Ii HN II. MlNROE Marshall. Minn Academic . cacia; News EiJitor. Minnesota Daily Staff 3; Knights of the North- ern Star Kxecutive Council 2. . ' i; Men ' s Clee Club 1. 2; Y ' . M. C. A. Chairman F ' Bureau :i; (i. (). C. Kathi.hkn . Ml ki ' HV Miniicapiili.s Ednnilion Zela Tau Alpha; S. C. A; Music Cluli; .1. II. Assniial 1..11. Se.-; V. S. (;. A; 11I2. ' ' . (iopher Business Staff. Marion Myer .Mlxrt hia. Minn. Acadfinic Miner it I-iter.iry Society. S» .kk ■ B " r- ' V " ik fr liiiiltlitni - ' riKik.stati Pane JSJ Old ilcni nf Dilh—Tujilor ' s Falls Gerald A. Mvles Sit ' iiiit Alpha Kp iloii. Floyd C. Xae(,kli l)i-ll:i Sit-nia Deltu. Acudeniic Dfiitistry DdRoiHV A. Xangle .... Aradfinir ( .ill,.i;e of . ' t. Ter -.sii 1. 2; S. t ' . A; Tain (I ' ShanltT. Diiliitli. Minn. II.M.p!,-. . I);ik. Hcmidji, Minn. Palmer (). X, kveson ' Alhi-rt I.i-h, Minn. Acadfmic Al|.li;i SifiiKi I ' lii; Sijtma Delta Chi; Minnesota Daily Staff 2. 3; Ski- L ' -ilah Staff, Piililiiit.v Director; Gridiron Chairman 3. Marg.vret L. Xary Minneapolis Ed neutron (HRISTI.W ( ' . X.vsH .... Xewfoldi-n, Minn Agriculture . thenian Literar.v Societ.v; Ulock and Bridle. Ikvixc. R. X. THAN ' .S0N St. Paul Academic Kveleth Junior College 1; Phi Kpsiloti Pi; Frosh Football; .Assistant Track .Manager 2; Cross Conntr ' Manager 3; Track Manager 4; Menorah Society 2; Commerce Club 2. 3; r92. ' Gopher Staff. Cleo L. Xe.vr Iota Sigma Pi; Kappa Phi. Academic Ann M. Xelson Punchinello. Carl C. Xelson Home Economics Engineen ng Minneapolis Clinton. Minn Minneapolis rabs; ■■Re(|uii|iii. " A. I. K F; A. F. S; Techno-Log Staff 3. Clarence H. Xelson A. I. F. F. Corelli L. Xelson . Enijiiieering Elbow Lake. Minn. Mintieapotis Eilncation Kappa Rho; Frosh-Soph Oratorical Contest; Pilbbur.y Oratorical Contest Sueonis Literai.v Society; Liberal Discussion Club; W. S. (i. m Page 182 - , EUNA L. Nki os Drittal S ' ur y.itww Nia.Mis Engitiftruiii Tri»nKlc: YMC. A; A. S. ( " . K. KsTHER Nelson S ursiu Evelyn J. Nelson ! A r (If If mi r M.iviinni. Miini Hastings. MiniL SI riiul MiiiiHii|iulis Siiima Kappa; Plavi-rs; Kappu Kappa I.iiiiiliclii; Spanish ( lub; Ian Hellinir; lfl2.T Cophir SlalT; Slailinni Drive; Ciopher Drivi " ; Hin Sislir; Y. V. C. A; W. S. fi. A; Tarn O ' Sliaiil.r; Choral Society. Ib f F. VicTOK Nelson ComnuTci- ( " lull. " I ' YoRENCE E. Nelson Little Falls. Ml Business Ceiitiiria. Wis. Educutinii W. S (i. A. 1.2. ;i; V. W. r. A. 1.2: Tiiuifor.-; Hij: Sister 3: BaptisI V ' riion 3. - K FLORENCE M. Nelson .... Home Ecuriumic.s W. S. (1. A. 1.2. :i; Y. V. C. A. 1. 2. 3; V. A. A. 3. Jennie Nelson Trar . Mil Miniii ' apolis Educutinii Alpha Cainma Delta; 1925 Gopher Staff; Y. W. C. A; V. S. (;. A; Itiban.l Tucker; Pinafore; Tani O ' Shanler. J A J. NoKMAN Nelson Acuilc .]. Wesley Nelson Aijririilt iirr Alpha (.annua Rli..; Ml... k an. I lin.ile. John W, Nelson Aj ririilliirc Minncjipoli Maiikato. Mini Minnciipiilis Li.oMi 1. Nelson .... ( ' (lUnnwoud, .Minn. Agriciiltiirr Alpha ela; Ulu.k and Dridle; Athenian l.ilerar.v Siiciel.v; Y ' . M. ( ' . . ( " aliinet; Stn ienl Council 3; Class Treas. 2; Krosh Coniniissioii 1; Piiiichinello; I ' liion Hoartl of (iovernnrs 3. U-tff r- hilcrstale Bridije — Taiilnr ' s Eiill.s Page IS-i pnoner Hall — Morris Walter R. Nelson Gaainm Kta (iamiiia. EWALD E. N ' epp Law Bui ' iiiess St. Paul Lake Wilson, Minn. Sphinx; ( " oiiinit ' rt ' e Club; Lutheran Students Assiiciation; V. M. { ' . A; (;. o. r. Sarah M. Nepride Ediication K:ippa Kappa Lambda; Kappa Rho; Y. W. C. A. Myrtle H. Ness C. N ' euman Education Academic Ernest W. Nei max .... Agriculture Alpha (ianinia Rh»t; Webster Literary Society, Gerald H. Newhoise Min! eapo!i.s Law Zeta Psi; Stadium Drive Captain; Masquers 1, 2, 3; " Midsummer Night ' s Dream " !; " The Sea Gull " 2; " Alice Sil-hy-the-Fire " 3; Treas. 3, M, .... StilUvattT, .Minn. Education Chi ()niei;a; Carbh.n CiiMege L 2; Y. W. C. A. Frank E. N ' ichol Engineering Charles J. .1. Nu hol; T.iil Kappa Kpsllcili; ( ahletc. HtMi ' lrnin. Minn. Diilulli, Minn. Dentistry ( HARLE M. Nicholson Business Sphiiiv; . lpli;L K;ippa i ' si; Commerce Club. Mildred Nielsen Minncapoii; Minni ' jip(jli.s Education Minneapolis ™ Dniiitli, Minn. Rochester. Minn. Heron, Mont. l ' (U)e IS-i If! CiRANT ( ' . NiKKI.INi; . . .liiMlcstciwii. N. Dak. Knyincfriinj Th.Li Xi; A. I. K. K. SvEn a. Nii.sdn Viiiti-Dsa. Stti-.U ' ii Academic Cosmiipoliliin Cliili; I ' Club: V. M. C. A. MyKNA 1). NiSHET Duliilli. Mi itrsiiig Bernke I. Nolan . , - . (Ir md Mi iildw. Mii Uonir Ecnnatnirs Mil. TON E. NoKU ' TKOM M.Tlar .Liul KM. Etitf i nrrn itij MiiiMi ' apiilis Owen .). Norem ... Acdiicmic Sisnia i)i-lta Fsi; SI. Olaf C.llri;.-. Miniii-;tinills Evelyn Nokgaard .Aiplia fianiiiKi (ialiilila. Denial iir • iranitc Kails. Minn. Verna E. NoRRis (iraftnii. Minn. Academic Alpha ( " hi Omega; Trailer.s; 1925 (lophcr Business Staff. i|H Thoknton Xorthey . . . . AcaflfjJiic Kiippii Sif nKi; Hililiiiii; .Imiinr Cdlli-fjc. Maurice H. Noin Pharmtfci Alpha Bi-ta Phi; AVuIIiiiK rinl.; M,nur;.li Champion. Boxing 1, 2. Minncapctlis Minii( ' a|)oli. Siuii-ty; Baiitaniw.iirht Horace W. rTriN(. .... En(finccrin(f Thcla ( " hi; S« iinniinf; 1, J. ;i; A. S. ( ' . I- ' ,. MillMrii|Hilis Hakk V. N tk()M Eihinifion Hi Lakr. Minn ,1 rt I nsliluti — M innrd pnlis Paqe 1S ' ,|L Shiidiiii- Falls — S(. I ' inil P. ri. M. Oberg Minn.-apolis Acadt ' tntc Phi Signiii Phi; Music Cliiti I. 2. ;i; .Military. Concert Rands 1, 2. 3: Lutheran Students Association 1. 2, . ' i; V. M. ( " . A; Symphony Orchestra. Dan J. OCoNNELL (lAKRl-MT J. UX ' ONMIU l .ll:i Theta Phi; S. f. A. Allan G. Odell La if Laii Miiiiieapol ' s Minneapolis Minneapolis Law Zeta Psi: Phi Delia Phi; l!i2. " . ( ;n| her SlafF. Kr,i,h Foott)all; Tillieuu Pres. I . (!eokge (Jhman A S. r. E. KSTHER ( ' . OhkBECK lliujinft ' riiig Eveleth. Mil Minneapolis Academic Al| ha Kappa Kpsilon; Le Cercle Francais. Peter O ' Loughlin Xi Psi Phi; BosinBl; S. A. Bnar.l Helmer O. Olesiin Dciitislrii Sliakopee. Minn. St. Paul Acade Si na Delta (hi; Minnesota Daily Staff 2. ■ ,-. Ski-f-.Mah Stutf 3; Minnesota Quarterly 3; 192, " ) (cipher SlalT. Elmer Olmem Xi I ' si Phi. Helen C. Olsen Lui IS 15. Olsen Esther (i. Olson Diiilislnj Aradfttur Academic Education Minneapolis Minneapolis Askov. Minn. Cando, N. Uak. Kappa Delta; Kappa Kappa Lambda; Le Cercle P ' rancais; North Dakota Club, Sec. 3; Lutheran Students Association; Church Co- operation Comniittee3; W. S. G.A; Y. W. C. A; BigSister. ' ,.( ,• ISti ' ' ' ■■ ' i ■ - Kkank a. ()i. ()n (■;inl. . Miiiii Htttiinr. ' i.f ConinuTce t ' luh 1, 2. ' A; WcbsU-r George B. Oi. on Lilerary Soeiety. Miiin( ' ;ip Ii Dttilixlril XilMThi: h,»Tr..;,«. L ( " .ERTKiDE M. Olson F.ductition Miinii-;ipoli-. V. W. C. A: W. S. (;.A: Bit-Si ler. Haroi.i) Olson- Mitlln;i)i(ilis A. I. K. K. Enyiin ' crinti Mabel A. Olson I ' .ihtcatitut Dlllullr, Millli Vernon H. Olson Anriir;i. Minn . 1 Entiincfrint - ■ Triangle: A. S. C. A. ; Walter S. Olson Tiiylor ' s Falls. Wis. -: Miur.t - ' Sipma Kho; Sc-hool of Mines Soei ely. .- Elsie L. Okenstein Mililn ' ;ilKilis t E{liiratioii StTull and Key. Pre ' ;. 3. WiNIlKKI) K. OkR Edliralioll Si. Clciii,!. Minn. 1 Alvin J. Okth I ' harniarff Riiy; Minn 1 Wl Phi Delta Chi; WullinK Treas. 3; Silver Spnr. (lull; l ' i„fe i,.iK.I Iiiler-fr;iterriil.v ( uineil. i .7; V .i . AciNES X. Oss IJ,Ii;,i«.i(m1. X. I);iU I ' httnniici Phi Omega Pi; Carleton College: Kap| a Epsiloii; W. S. G. . Shtciiuni ! rive; Inler-honse . tllletie League 3: Manager Inter-house Baskftltall . ' i; , V. C. A. 2.3; WullingCluh. Harold Ostekoaakd Xi Sigma Pi: I ' or.-slrv Cliili. Tylir. .Mi Eoristrii U ' liil, Hair I.dki- Page IS: Levi O.stekhis Ui hl)iii.s»l;ik-. Miiiii. Educailnii Cttrda Frjtlrrs; IiiU-niational Revue 3; Norwegian Literary Soriely 2, 3, Treas. ' A; Lutheran Students Association 2. 3; Sueonis Literary Society 2. 3. Treas. 3; (;.(). C.2.3; Y. II. C. A. 1.2.3; CymSquaill; Stadium Driye. Kakl C. Otte Hi TH l ' . LMER K l uriilloit Kdlfcaflnn Ni-w Sulci. 1, . Dak. St. Paul Siirnia Kappa; Student (. ' ouncil 1; V. . . . ; . «iualic League; Physical Education Association; G. I). C; Hooliey; liaskeltiall; Trad: V. W. ' C. A. rnnimission. Pres. 2; Women ' s Glee Club 2. Aaron A. Papermaster (iraml Forks, N. L)ak. Beta Delta Phi. Sec; Menorah Society; Norlh Dakol.i Cluli; Menorah Symposium 2. 3; " Question of Htinor " 2. Helen U. Parker Alpha Alpha (;ai.inia; Archilcclural Society. Mi n iii ' iipolis M M M. Parsons Agrirnltitrr •Vcacia; L ' niyersit.y of Illinois 1 . 2. I " ;iirHfl(l, Itiwa ilvRiiN S. Parsons .... Academic Chi Dell.i Xi; Y. .M.C. A; 192. " ) Gopher Staff. MiiiiiiNipolis Ut TH M. Pai Education St, ([,,11,1. Mi Kappa Phi; Cosmopolitan Cluli; Chinese Cluh; Y. W. C. A. W.irl.l Fellowship ( " oinniittee. Ivarl !• " . P. tl Carletiui Collc , ' e 1. 2; Commerce Club 3. Walnut (irovo, Mimi. .liiHN 1 . Paclson Clear Lake, Mi Hiisiiic.s.s Pi Kappa Alpha; Alpha Psi: Kusiness Manager. Ski-C-Mah 3; Forum; Chairman Second ( ampaii;n 102. (iopher; Commerce Club 2, 3, 4. Emily M. Pwetta Diiliitli. Miiiii. Home Economic Phi I ' psilon Omicron; Omicron Nu; Pi Laml.da Thcia; Punchiri,-!!,. 2; Y ' . V. C. A. Cabinet 2; Student Council 3. . BI iAIL PE.VRSON -MiiiiicapDli-s . c(idrin (C Indian Moundx — St. Punl I ' ll lie S ' ,V m K I ' l ksoN Minrii:i|iulls hUliiralioii MintTvji Lilrrary Society; Siu ' onis I.itrrary Socifly, Ci. Ki;s 1-; . 1 ' karson Minnr.ipcilis Acdilfinir Alpliii Simula Phi; Class I ' rt-s. 3; All-Junior Vict- Pri-s. . ' J; Miiiiu ' sota Tijs ' iTS. Viet- Pres. I. 2, Prcs. 3; Frnsh Oratorical Coiitcsl. First place 2; Sliaki l cali; Shak( |)cati Ddialc Team ( " apt. 3; Stadiiilii Drive; .1. B. As .iciati.ici: Y. M. C. A; Flayers; lilKUiiry Oralnriial (..Mle l; l ' .t2. ' (iiiplier Stall. K Tiii:i M. l ' i;. KM)N Si. I ' :iiil Antdf ' mir Musi.- Cliih; W. S. (;. A; . W. ( ' . A. Peter H. Pearson . . iMircst Lake, Minn. Arudcniir V. M. ( ' . A; Shakopean; Lilt her Students Association. UaLI ' II W. PeDERSEN l{;llil ill. Wis,. P-i Oiiiet-a; U12. ' ) CopherSlalf. RlDOLPH E. PeDERSEN .Vskciv. Minn. Kdiicution g J ii AVlLLIA.M V. PeEI Acacia; French Chili; Forestry Cluh. R()(;ER M. Peet Kitnnitmn White lirar. Mi MiniKMpoli.s Mai.dalixe Peifer Hi ' iisnn, Minn. Home Econoiiiirs Al| ha (.aliinia T).-lla; St . Catherine ' s College I ; S. C. . ; Pol, ' n Pans. Webster (i. Pem)er(.. st Uachel M. I ' krki.ns ■, ' ( lufn ii i hilncatiiin H iitcliinsdii. .Minn. St. Paul . l|)ha (iamma Delta; liili and Tucker; Piuafiire; Tain O ' Slianlcr; U . . . 1.2.:j; Aqualii- LeaKiie. V. W. C. A. Sec. 2. Small Cal.inet 2. .i; V. U C A. Commissions 1. 2, 3; Delegate to Indianaptilis Convention; V. S. C. .V I ' an Hellenic 2. a. Julius L. Peklt Aciidemic Kap| a Si iua; F ' rosh Cyni Squad; Cyrii Sciniid 2. ( " apt. H. SI. Paul ♦ 9ot »-i,1 .i BB.B R K ' lirnlncri ( ' t iirt Iloiisr • " S ! ■• p M Page 189 M mill ij District — M in II til polls Cyril P. Pesek Miiiiirapulis Enginffring Alpha Delta Phi; Frosh Baskptball; Basketball 2, 3; While l)r;LL;..ii; laii rpsilon Kappa; Architectural Society: A. S. C. E; S. C. A. Adoli ' h M. Peterson A.acia. Agxes J. Peterson St. Olaf C.illege 1,2. Clarence U. Peterson Dentistry Fiiuratinii Coleraiiic. -Mimi. Sedan, Mi Ha.sliiigs, Minn. Kiiijiiii ' iri luj . S. C. E; Soccer. Elizabeth Peterson Wayzata, Minn. Home Economics Harold C. Peterson St. Paul Engineering Delta Chi; A. S. ( ' . E. 2, .); Engineers Da.v Committee 3. in2.i (iopher Business Staff. H EL .1. Peterson St. P;iul nrsing Laurence L. Peterson .... Miinic ' ;i|iiilis Engineering Sit ' ina F ' hi EpMlon; Sial)l ar.l an. I BlaJe; A. S. M. K, 2. :i: A. S. K. I Lewis E. Peterson A.I. E. E. LiDA E. Peterson Engineering y nrsiiig Hastings. Minn. Clunucl. Mil Lloyd V. Peterson Willrnar, Minn. Ednccition Phi Sit-ma Kappa; Krnsh K.iotl.all; Footliall 2; Fro h lia eli;.!!; -M " Club. Mamie J. Peterson Editeation South Dakota Club :J; W. S. C. A. WVlhstcr. S. Dak. Page 190 - J VioLi.T M. Pktkrson Miiiiu-apolis Etluraliiiu Z,-t;iTiui Aliiha; W.S. (;.A. Wll.l.IAM rKTEKSOX Wiiilcii. Minn. Hti.thicss ll.EWEII.VN PFANKtCHEN Minnrnpolis A( ' fi(lciuic Sicnia I ' hi KiBilon; l).-lta Sitnia Khn; (ilir Cliil. 1; Shukopt-iin; l..-atMi, ' 2; Krosl, 1; Frosh-S,,,,!, (-..iilpsl ; ar ity IK-I.atc 2; Pillsbiirv Oralnrical Contest 2; Mcick I ' r.lilical ' i.nv.-iition :i; . M. (. A: Stadiuii ' i Drive; 1H25 Cipher StalT. Alice A. Pfeiffer N ' " I I " ' - ' i " " Wallace R. Phelps Rcclipsti-r. Minn. Midiriiie Phi Kh.. SiKiiia. HonERT Phillips Hice Lak.-. Vi . Clifforii W. Pickle Madison. ' Minn. Bu. ' finfs. ' i . lpha Sit ' Tila I ' hi: C nuTce Clut); Bowling ' Team :i. AdNES M. Pierce Minn.-apoli.s Ediicutioii Cosmopolitan Club 1. 2. 3: Boaril ..f Direitors. Y. W. C. A; Stu.lenl Inilustrial Committee; Basketliall I ; Episcopal Unit. Ethel K. Pihlstrom Warren. Minn. Ed If ration Y. V. C. A. 1.2.3. W. Stewart Pixkekton St. Paul A riiiit ' rti ic Phi Delta Thela; 1!12.5 Copher Statf. Kelbe.n . I ' lR CH CaU ' cliinia. Minn. Deiilislri Sigma Alpha Klisilon; I iil ra-M iiral Student Manager 1.2. Dorothy I.. Plocher 1 I ' a " ' Kdlirillidii (ianinia I ' hi Hela; Masnners 1 . 2. 3; Ski- 1 - M ah SI atf 2. :i; U.A. A- ■ -.i Ha..el.all 2; Pan Hellenic Conncil; I ' .I2. ' . (iopher Slatf; Sla.linni Drive. Coiiio I ' ark — Si. I ' tiiil I ' ligc 191 William R. Minneapolis Academic Esther K. I ' oole AVinnclingn. Minn. Education Kapp.i Rh..; Sluilriil B:iplist I ' liion I.2..i. Sec-. :i. ..V Victor R. Port.maxn Acadevtic Baseball 2; Le Cerdi- Krancais: Scribblers Club. Prts.: 2; 1925 Gopher Staff: C. O. C. Currie, Minn, Miniiesola Daily Staff John Postm . Jr. Sandstone. Minn. Engincrrinij Margaret P. Powers Minneapolis Education Zeta . lpha; Kappa Rhn; Literar.v and Forensic Society 2, li; S. C. . . 1, 2, . ' i. Theodore J. Prichard Thief River Falls. Mini Entjincfrinij Arabs 1. 2. -i. Vice Pres. : ' ,. Architectural Society 1. 2. . ' i; Techno-Lo Staff. 3; Men ' s Wee Club 1. Elsie Prins St. Paul Business MiniTva Literary Societ.y; Business School Council; 192.5 (Jopher Staff; Vice Prt ' s. .1. B. .Association; " l " " Business Women ' s Club. Daniel Pkinzing Law Rtisliford. Minn. Elizabeth V. Proct Episcopal I ' nit; Y. W. C. A. Education Virginia, Minn ■ A ' , - - i athan Priiwizor Dentistry Minneapolis Dwight L. Qi a.m Agriculture Fergns Falls, Minn. Block anil Bridle; . thenian Literar.y Society; . g College Men ' s G lee Club; Y. M. C. A. Cabiiiel; Class Treas. 3. Melvin (i. (Jt ayle Chieago, 111. Academic Experimenial Fields — Morris Page 192 Margi ERiTE .J. (JrEM: t Minneapolis Home Economics E. Irving (inxx AVaverly, Minn EiKjhirering A.S. C. E; S. C. A. Helene M. (ji inn Minneapolis Academic Zeta Thu Alpha; Pan H.-llenic 3; Tain O ' Slianlcr; W. S. G. A; S. C. A. Ursula H. (ji inn St.. Paul EiKjiiieering A. E. S. 1.2; A. S. C. E. 2.3. Frances M. Radabavgh Minneapolis Academic Music riuh 1. 2. 3: Y. W. C. A. Minna E. Radusch Minneapolis Education W. S. G. A; Y. W. r. A; Presb.vlerian I ' ninn. Mary I. Rand River Falls. Wis. Edt rafion Marcella L. Randklev Minneapolis Academic Kappa Kappa Lambda: Sigma Beta Gamma; South Dakota Club. Dean W. Rankin St. Paul Engineering Phi Sigma Kappa; .Arabs; . rohitfftnraI Snriet.v; . . S. C. E; Student ( " ' ounril 1; ilinnesota Dail.v Business Staff 2; Engineers Day Committee. Harold Ranstad Rattle Lake. Minn. Academic Theodore A. Rauen White Bear. Minn. Chemistri Jetty . . Reamer Minneapolis Ho m e Eeo n o m ics Kappa nh.i 1. 2, 3. ' f M Logging Catn p in yorlhrr:i Mhine.mfa Page 19S Thomas M. Reav LaCrosse. Wis. Academic Dorothy May Reece . . Fort Dodge, Iowa Academic Delta Delta Delta; Grinnell College 1, 2; V. A. A; Physical Education Association. Henry R. Reed lliiiiRapolis Euginei ' i iny Triancle; Kla Kappa Nu; Minnesota Tigers; A. I. E. E; S. C. A. Will C. Reed Canton, Minn. Business Sigma Chi; Alpha Kappa Psi; Silver Spur; Minnesota Daily Staff 1. 2; 1925 Gopher Staff; Student Council: Commerce Club Board of Directors; J. B. .Association. George F. Regan St. Paul Academic Chi Psi. Winifred Reichmuth Minneapolis Academic Mu Phi Epsilon; Lutheran Students . ssociation 1. 2; Minerva Literary Society 2; Deutsche Vcrein 1, 2; Music Club I, 2. Dorothy E. Remington Hihliins, Minn. Academic Alpha Oniicron Pi. Robert T. Reynolds St. Panl Academic Football 2; Scribblers Club 2; Players 3. Edwin H. Rian Minneapolis Academic Philosophy Club; Greek Club; Y. M. C. A; Choral Club 2. Walter L. Rice Minneapolis Academic Chi Delta Xi; Phi Sigma Phi; Associate Editor. 192o Gopher; Night Editor. Minnesota Daily Staff 3; Student Editor, .Ylumni Weekly 3; .Academic Council 3; Class Officer 2, 3; Frosh-Soph Oratory 1; Inter- collegiate Debate 2; Shakopean. Vice Pres. 2; Interforensic Council; " Castenets " : Band 1. 2, 3; Spanish Club Pres. 2. Lila L. Richardson Spring Valley, Minn. Education Y. W. C. A. 1. 2. 3; W. S. G. A. I. 2. 3. Philip E. Richardson Renville, Minn. Engineering Triangle; Techno-Log Staff 2. 3: Stadium Drive Captain; . . I. E. E; Wesley Foundation. BrainerJ — Snrth from ith Street Page 19J, iitl iifl MaHKI. T. Hu KAN-kri) Fosstoii, Mi nil. Home Economics Alpha Dillii I ' i; I ' hi IpsilonOmicron; Y. W. ( " . A. t ' iiliinet Comniiwion; Kappa Kappa Lambda; Luthi-ran Association Kxcculive Ilounl; Tam O ' Shanter; V. S. G. A; Athenian Literary Society. Sec. 2; Home Economics Association Coun- cil; Carnival Committe. Alwin E. Rigg St. Paul Archileclure . lpha Rho Chi; Tau Siuma Delta; Architectural Society. Otto F. Ringle Sanborn, Minn Medicine Omega Upsilon Phi; Band 1,2; Concert Band 3: Medical Sis OTlock Club: C. O. C. Z. R. RiSTICH Agriculture Cosmopolitan Club; , . C. . . Clifford H. Ritz Sigma Kbo 2, 3. Thomas .J, Rivers Belgrade, Serbia Minneapolis Academic Business Minneapolis Allen E. Rivkix Minneapolis Academic Sigma .iVlpha Mu; Masquers; Frosh Track; Track 2, 3; Minnesota Daily Staff 2; Editor " Morning Post " 3; Ski-U-Mah Staff; Feature Editor, 1925 Gopher Staff; J. B. Association; " Sea Gull " ; " . lice Sit-by-the-Fire " . Bex Rivkin ' Willmar. Minn. Pharmacy Alpha Beta Phi; Wulling Club. Lewis J. Roberton Business H.-VNEV M. Robertson Rushford, Minn Carrington, X. Dak. Eiiijinrering Kenefick Robertson . Dell Rapids, S. Dak. Engineering Minnesota Daily Staff 2; A . I. E. E. 2, 3; Arabs 3; South Dakota Club 3; Y. M. C. A. 1. 2. 3. Lawrence N. Robinson Engineering Wallingtun, Kan. llomf Evnnomics House Page 195 Lagoon in Phalen Park — St. Puiil Ward C. Robinson Minneapolis Dentistry Psi Omega; Student Council: St. Thomas College. Zella E. Robinson .... Sleepy Eye, Minn. Education Philomalhean Literary Society 3; Y. W. C. A. . UDREY E. RoDEiN Minneapolis Education Y. W. C. A; W. S. G. A; V. A. A. Donald C. Rogers Minneapolis Academic Phi Delta Theta: Sigma Delta Chi; Silver Spur; Managing Editor, 1923 Gopher; Minnesota Daily. Editor-in-Chief 2; Ski-l ' -Mah StaS; . lumni Weekly Staff; Soph Debate Team; Frosh-Soph Oratorical Con- test, Second; . lternate Inter-Collegiate Debate; Frosh Commission. Dorothy L. Rohweder AVinona, Minn. Education Basketball 3; W. A. A. Charles M. Rollit .... Faribault, Minn. Academic Chi Psi; Football 2, 3; Garrick Club; White Dragon. Gl. dys .1. Rorem Minneapolis Education Zeta Tau Alpha. Rachel Rosenberg Minneapolis Academic Beatrice H. Rosexth. l Minneapolis Edncalion Menorah Society 1, 2, 3. Loiis Rosenth. l St. Paul Pharmacy . lpha Beta Phi; Special Weight Boxing Champion 2, 3; WuUing Club. Fredda Rosoff Grand Forks, N. Dak. Academic Scroll and Key 1. 2, 3; Menorah .Society; Music Club. Norma Rothenbirg .... Springfield, Minn. . lpha Gamma Delta; " U " Business Women ' s Club; University of Wis- consin 1. 2. Page 196 ■ ■■- ' ' - ' ' ■ " ' ' ' ' ■■ - Ralph Uotnem MaUI. Mi i: Business Chi Delia Xi; Alpha Kappa Psi; All Junior Pri ' s; El C ' l-ntro Espanol. Pres. ' .i; Class Pres. 3; Band 1, 2: Minnt ' sota Daily Business Staff 1. 2: Commerce Club 2, 3; J. B. Assoeialion 3; Soph Frolie 2; Assistant Business Manager, 1925 Gopher. Ill c.H M KlETTELL Xi Psi Phi. Donald H. IUhxke Orktciii, Sask., Canada Dentistry ' iiiona, Minn. Mine Theta Xi: Sehnol of Mines Society 1. 2, 3; Class Vice Pres. 3. Kate M. Ruhnke Home Economics Alpha Delta Pi; V. W C. A; W. S. G. A. Minneapolis Agnes H. Rlxstrom Ironwood. Midi. Home Economics loNE L. Riss Edward .1. Ryan S. C. A. J. Arthur Ryan Psi Omega: Gopher Drive 3. Edncation Agricnitnre Dcnfislrif Blue Earth, Minn. Independence, Wis. St. Paul Esther Rydeex Minneapolis Business " V " Business Women ' s Cluli: Y. W. C. A. 1, 2, 3: Tam O ' Shanter. Max Sadoff Alpha Beta Phi; Wullinc Club. Pharmacij William J. Salo A. I. e. e. . tl xta C. Sampsox Engineering Minneapolis Ililil.inK. Minn. Lyie. Minn. Ell i nil ion .lla Phi Delia; V. W. C. A; Cal.itiet 3; Spanish Cluh. 2. 3. Senior Unll — Morris Page 197 Florence R. Sampson Pi Lanil»d:i Thetit; Le Cerclf Francais, G. O. Sampson Floyd A. Sandberg Psi Omega. Tkeva L. Sasse Minneapolis ' ducaiiou cais. Minneapolis Phdrniaci Minneapolis Denlixtry Henry, S. Dak. Educcilinn Luverne, Minn. Education Edythe Mae Sauxdeks Haniline University: Kappa Phi. Thomas E. Saxe Minneapolis Academic Phi Sigma Kappa; 1925 fiopher Staff; (lym Squad_l, 2; (iopher Drive. Richard A. Schacht Phi Delia Chi; Wulling Club. Frederic L. Schade Pharmacy Business Ilanimonil. Minn. St. Paul . Ipha Tail Omefra; Hoekey 2. 3; Masquers; Garriek Chih; " Miil- sumnier Night ' s Dream " ; " Treasiire Ishind " ; Tau I ' p-ihin Kappa; White Dragon. Academic Alma J. Schaper Alpha Oniiernn Pi. Carl F. Scheid Mines Sigma Rbo; S. C. A; School of Mines Societ.v. Roland Schmidt Minneapolis Milwaukee. Wis. Minneapolis Ettgineerintj Harry H. Schneckloth .... Minneapolis Engineering Kappa Eta Kappa; A. I. E. E; Y. .M. C. A. 2, 3: Spanish Club 2. Round Touer at Fort Sn citing Page 108 Dorothy M. Scholl Minneapolis Education Bertha E. Schreiber . . . . " Minneapolis Academic . S. (i. A: Sigma Hetn Gamma; " U " Business Women ' s Club 3. r:;= -i Roy D. Schick Minneapolis Engineering Oscar J. Schvelein Welrome. Minn. Business Deutsche Vereiu 1, 2, ' •, Commerce Cluh 1, 2, 3. Dorothy P. Schlnk Minneapolis Education Y. W. C. A; Home Economics Association; G. O. C; Zeta Eta. Bernhardt O. Schwarz .... Amboy, Minn. Business Theta Chi; . Ipha Kappa P i; Board of Directors Commerce Club 3 Frances M. Schwieger Minneapolis Home Economics Phi Omega Pi; 1925 Gopher Staff; Y, V. C. A. Commission 1. Grace W. Schwieger Minneapolis Home Economics Phi Omega Pi; 1925 Gopher Staff; Y ' . W. C. A, Commission. HoR. CE G. Scott Academic Alpha Tau Omega; . M. C. A; Frosh-Soph Debate 1. Min neapolis Irene V. Scow St. Paul Lnu Alpha Delta Pi; W. S. G. A. 1. 2, 3; Bib and Tucker; Pinafore; Y. W. C. A. 1. 2. 3; Tam O ' Shaiiter, Vice Pres; .1. B. . ssociation; Minne- sota Daily Staff 2; 1025 (iopher Slalf. Alice B. Seccombe Langdon. X. Dak. Education Kappa Phi; Spanish Club; Sigma Beta (iamrna 1, 2; Church . fhliatiun Com- mittee. LrciLLE Segal Academic Music Club; W. S, G. A; Y. W. C. A; Tam OShunler. .St. Paul - nT» ' i 1 1 riii ' i ' M ' " ' ' Ll. !■ li.Uinl iiHtt. h •«K y A Ai C rookslou, M innrsola l iir- l! !f The Minntupoliii Armory Ruth F. M. Segolson Minneapolis Home Economics Y. V. C A. -i; Home Ecoiiutiiics Association 3: W. S G. A. •i. Walter C. Sehm St. Paul Business V. M. ( ' . A. I, 2, 3; Shakopean 3; Commerce Club 3: Spanish Club 3. Milton H. Seifekt Phi Chi. Medicine Makion T. Selander " U " Business Vonlen ' s Club. Education Harold Severixsox Tbeta Delta Chi. XOBEL ShADDUCK Academic Forestry Sherlmrn. Minn. Ked Wiug, Miuu. Willmar, Minn. Annanilale. Minn. Sphinx; Forestrv Club; Gobblers; Minnesota DailvStaflf; 102.5Gopher Staff; Rifle Team 1. 2. 3; Stadium Drive; G. O. C. Harold B. Shapira Pharmacy Sigma , lpha Mu; WuIIing Club. George J. Shavor Engineering International Falls, Minn. Eveletli. Minn. Kappa Eta Kappa; S. C. A; A. I. E. E. Loretto H. Shea Minneapolis Academic S. C. A; 192.5 Gopher Staff; Minnesota Tigers; Tam O ' ihanter; W. S. G. A. Ruth Sheldon .... Nursing N. S. G. .V. I, 2; Sl.ifliuni Drive Captain. Nelson. Minn. St. Paul Charles V. Shepherd AyricuHure Theta Cbi; Minnesota Farm Review Staff; 1925 Gopher Staff. Ray R. Sheppard Minneapolis Dentistry Men ' s (;iee Club 2; University - merican Legion Post, Treas. Page 200 Howard V. Siikkman (irand Hapids. Minn. Mines Sigiun Rhi ; School of Mines Society. H.WKiNA Siikkman St. I ' aul Ediiculion Kenneth Sherwood Ilnnilmlilt. S. Dak. Mt ' tlicitte Bell .lonsnn Club. Mary Arline Shields Minneapolis Home Economics Del ta Zeta; Y. W. C. A. 3; . S. G. A. 3. LoREN H. Shirk Minneapolis Chemistry Alpha Chi Sigma; Chemist Club 2; .A. E. S. 2; Student Chemical Societ.v 3. Jacob X. Short St. Paul Medicine Thomas A. Sillimax Hibbing. Minn. Academic Hibbing Junior College. David T. Silver St. Paul Architecture . rehitectural Societv 1. 2. 3; . rabs2, 3; Menorah Societ.v 1, 2; Rooters Club. Elesa Simonson Albert Lea, Minn. Sursinij LoRETT. M. S1.MPSOX .... Fergus Falls, Minn. Education Thomas J. Sinnott . . . . ' . . . St. Paul liusiness Krosh Culliinission; S (. " . . . Kathrvn Si.aVIN Minneapolis Education ■ " » ff J t « [ ' f 1 tf t }f en ' s I)(}nn Itarif — .Uorr .v Page SOI Leonard X. Sloan Medicine Minneapolis Mary G. Slocumb Minneapolis Engineering Alpha Alpha Gamma; Architectural Society, Sec; W. S. G. A. Marjorie L. Smiley Alexandria, S. Dak. Education Delta Delta Delta; Y. W. C. A. Commission 1, 2; Punchinella. Bryan E. Smith Gaylord, Minn. Business Theta Chi; Delta Sigma Pi. Gerald J. S.mith Academic Minneapolis : l A Trapper ' s Caliin Harold D. Smith Engineering H. ZEL Smith Academic Minneapolis Minneapolis Leland M. Smith Ottuiuwa, Iowa Academic Alpha Sigma Phi. Mildred C. Smith Mankato, Minn. Education Y. W. C. A. 3: Tam O ' Shanter; W. S. G. A. .i; Presbyterian Union; G. O. C; Chi Kappa Alpha. Pres. 3. Verna G. Smith Minneapolis Engineering Wilma H. Smith Sioux City, Iowa Academic Alph.i Omicron Pi: W. S. G. A; Y. V. C. A; Rockford College 1. 2. Oliyer L. Snider . . . . Academic Sigma Phi Epsilon; Denver University. Mankato. Minn. Page 202 Fern K. Smre Home Economics Y; V. C. A; Homo Kcononiics Council 2. Minneapolis Joseph Sodom a Siguin Gamma Epsilon. Mincn ■Silver Lakf, Minn. Lawrence D. Solomonson Eityitiecring Mortar and Ball. Minneapolis MlRlEL SoMMERMEYER .... Marietta, Minn. Academic Phi Omega Pi; Pinafore; Tam OShanter; AV. S. G. A; Y. W. C. A. John I. Sovba A. S. M. E. Engineering Owatonna, Minn. i rtii Carmen A. Spande Education Spanish Club 2; Le Cercle Francais 3. ISOBEL SpE.NCER Theta Epsilon. Academic Marv Virginia Sprecher Academic Alpha Hello Pi; Players. J. Owen Stalson Academic Sigma Phi Epsilon. Eleanor Stanchfield .... Home Economics Sigma Kappa; Presbyterian Unit Cabinet 1, 2, 3. WiLLiA-M T. Stearns Xi Psi Phi; Theta Chi. Denlistr} George P. Steinbaler Minneapolis Minneapolis Minneapolis Minneapolis Minneapolis DiUvortli, .Mi Owatonna. Minn. Agricnlhiie lil.i.k an.l liri.ll.-; (i, (I. C. Source of the Mississippi Pn,l, . ' II.; SI. Paul Commercial District Emil F. Steinert Red Lake Falls. Minn. Engineering A. I. E. E. Mauie (1. Stexehjem .... Caledonia, Minn. Education . delaide Stenhalg Education Minneapolis Phi I ' lii; lia-skt-lball 1; W. A. A. Board 2: Trailer; Pinufon-, Pres; GopbiT Slatf 2; V. W. C. . . Comniissinii 2. S: W. S. G. .A. Vice Pres. 3; Class Vice Pres. ' .i; - lbuni Editor. 1925 (ioplier. Helen B. Stephens Alpha Xi Delta; S. C. A. Samlel Z. Sterx . Ipha (.)niega. Everett H. Stevens Tbela Tan; Mortar and Ba Ruth I. Stier Education Dcntixtri Engineering Melrose, Minn. Minneapolis St. Paul St. Paul Chemistry Alpha Kappa Epsilon; Iota Sigma Pi; Class Pres. 2; Class Treas. 3; Student Chemical Society. Richard O. Storberg Acaria; Xi Pii Phi. Ada. Minn. Dentistry Doris A. Storer Minneapolis Academic Delta Delta Delta; Baptist Union. Vice Pres. 3; Y. W. C. A; W. S. G. A. Elsie Stoigaard St. Paid Academic Clara Stoxen Education W. S. G. A; North Dakota Club; Y. V. C. A. Hlld. Marie Stoxen . . . . Education . S. G. A; North Dakota Cluli; Y. W. C. A. Tavlor, X. Dak. Tavlor. . Dak. IN i Page 20. ' , I Bergliot S. Strand Music Club; Hrsliiin Club. Clarissa. Minn. Academic Ele. xor a. Stricklf.k St. Paul Arndcmic Dilta Zila; Kappii Phi; Taiii OSh mUr; W. S. fi. . . Y. V. C. . . . lbert a. Stromw. ll St- P " " ' Dentlxlry VlLLI. M B. Stryker Chi Psi; Xu Sigma Nu. St. Paul Medicine Goodrich M. Sullivan Stillwater. Miun. Academic Phi Gamma Delta; Snimming 1. 2; 1925 Gopher Business Staff; Knights of the Northern Star. BORCHILD K. SUNDHEIM Minneapolis Ediiciilioii Kappa Delta; Kappa Kappa Lambda; Minerva Literar.v Societ.v; Le Cercle Francais; W. S. G. A: Y. W. C. A. Claire F. Sutherland Commerce Club. Business Minneapolis .John H. Swanberg A. S. C. E. Engineering Cass Lake, Minn. til Anna C. Swanson ursing Diu ' wood, Minn. Dorothy L. Swanson Minneapolis Educ itinn Theta Sigma Phi; Minnesota Daily Slaff 2. :i; Slailium Drive. Roy a. Swanson Denti.ylry Minneapolis A- Elizabeth Sweetser Academic . lpha Kappa Epsilon; S. C. A. Hoard :i. It -In rlT| I I p II 1 |t ' |r n lilHil .ili.til Minni ' jipniis m SS M ' wi m Minnescfa Stale Fair Grnnnilx I ' age 205 «1 WW r t, ■ 9 (idhitd i Id M nnifdpolis Paul C. Swenson . Marine-on-St. Croix, Minn. Mtdicinc Phi Rh.i SipriKi. SvNETTE A. SWENSOX Minneapolis lulucafutn Sigma Kappa; Music ( liih; V. W. ( ' . A. Esther E. Taft .Minneapolis Ednrafion Minnesota Dailv Staff 2: .Minnesota Quarterlv 3; Y. W. C A. CommissioD 1, 2. 3. Simon S. Taxkenoff St. Paul Buxiness .Menorah Society 3. Alice E. Taxxer Minneapolis Edncdfion Y. W. C. A: V. S. t;. . . Willis C. Taylor St. Paul Deiilixlrij Delia Sigma Delia. Chester J. Teich St. Paul Bu- ' lKess Delta Sigma. Lauretta Teigex St. Paul Nursing Clifford O. Tender Minneapolis Dentistri Xi Psi Phi. Evely.v X. Terry Lamherton, Minn. Dental Xiirse . lpha Gamma tiamma. Esther C. Theilmann Minneapolis Academic Y. W. C. A. 3. Walter C. Theilmann Minneapolis Business Alpha Kappa Psi: Spanish Cluh 3 ' . 1025 (iopher Business Staff; Com- merce Club 3. .SI Puge 206 m HiiVD K. ' I ' liuMAS Luke (lystal, Miiiii. Dcniislry Aciiciu; ))i-lla SiRnia Delia; Mimio ola Daily Slaff.i. JnW W, riU)MA N. S. (i. A. 1. 3: V. S. C. A. (Iiailcs (itv. luwa ursutfi Jfmx !■ ' . Thomas Si ma Alpha Epsilon. Acudi ' mlr Ui TH Kerr Thompson (Inplier Drive 3. V..rk, I ' a Malnnu. Minn. Kdiirution Vernon L. Thompson Xoithw 1. Iowa Hiiaiueas Sphinx I la ers; Commerce t ' luh; Lutheran Stmient ' - A s()eialiiin; . _M. (_ ' . A. Warren L. Thompson Minneapolis Chemistrt) Student Chemical Society 3: Chemist Club 2, 3; A. A. K. S. 2. 3; Min- nesota Tigers. Roy B. Thomson Minneapolis Forestry Xi Sigma Pi; F«)re try Cinl): (iobblers: Minnesota Tigers. Hugo L. Thorendai, Dentistry Julia M. Thord arson Xnrsiiif Alvdalen, Sweden St. Panl Clarence W. Thvderg Minneapoli.s Kitfjfftcernu PhiSigmaPhi; Arabs3; A. I. K. K; Itanci 1 . 2. 3: Orchestra 2, 3. CarLVLE a. ThyKESOX .... Maneliester, Minn. Academic Commerce Club I, 2. 3; Norwegian Literary Society 1, 2, 3; Delta Sigrn.i Pi. Caribel G. Tillotson Minni-iipoli.s Ilumc Economics . l[)ha Chi Omega; Home Kcoriomics . 5s0ciati0n; W. S. (I. A: . C. A Kit: in I he Sorlli Winiils I ' a, I, ; ' i: Gladys Tmey luhtcdfioii Minneapolis Harlan F. Tomlixson .... Hntihinscin. Minn. Agriculfifie I0t »■ i . %A 1. 1 Willis W. Tompkins Byron. Minn. A{]r ' tCH hire Alpha (iaiiuna Rho; Sicma Delta Chi; Alpha Zeta; Silver Spur; Block .ind Bridl,-; Piinchin.llo; " The White He.-ide(l Boy " ; Business Manager. " The Passiniz of the Third Floor Bacl " ; Associate Editor. Minnesota Farm Review 2, Manaijins Kditor 3; Minnesota Daily StafT 1. 2; Ski-0-Mah Staff 2; Gopher Staff 2; 1925 Gopher Staff. Clarence O. Tormoen .... Proctor, Minn. ha w Pi Kappa Alpha; Minnesota Daily Staff; Editor-in-Chief Ski-U-Mah 3; Scabbard and Blade; Masquers; 1925 Gopher Staff; .1. B. .Association. Leoxa I). Train Chisholm, Minn. Acadeniic Delta Zeta; Kappa Phi; Le Cercle Francais: Ski-U-Mah Staff 2; Gopher Drive 3; Homecoming Ski-U-Mah Drive Winner. Bernice M. Trautner .... Red Wing. Minn. Education College of St. Catherine I. 2; Hockey 3; Ice Hockey 3; S. C. A; Choral Society; Tam O ' Shanter; W. A. A; W. S. G. A. Clarence Truog Swanville, Minn. Acfidemic Isabel Tryon Minneapolis Academic Kappa Kappa Gamma. Dorothy L. Tucker Moorhead, Minn. Education Phi (Imega Pi; Y. W. C. A; W. S. (J. A. Clement R. Tunell Minneapolis Euijinecring Thela Xi; Wrestling 2. .3. AV. Walter Tcrner Springfield, S. Dak. Bu .till ess . lpha Sigma Phi; Commerce Club. .Austin H. Turney Minneapolis Ednca ' ion Phi Dcll.i Kappa. Lvriiiij Park — M innidpnlis I ' lUir . ' OS. •T ' I t in m ilN ilH ROSKMDND Ti:VE Mlliln;iltoIis Academic Kappn Kappa Lanilida; Ka| pa Kho; " osnuipolitaii Clnl ; S ti1)I)Iits 1,2; {a- (Vrcle Kranrais I, 2; V. V. (. ' . A. ( " Hliitu ' t 2, 3; StudiMils Lulhernn Assopjatitm, Executive Board 3; Bib and Tucker; I ' inafore; Dcnlsclie Vfrriii. Walter H. I ' dk Wyki.ll ' , Mmju. Medicine Onu ' pa I ' psilon I ' hi. K. tiii;rine K. Ilru ii . . Maiik:ilu. Miim. Home Economics Stout Institute I. 2: Punchinello . ' 1; Athenian Literary Society 3; Y. W. C. A. ' J; Kappa Ali)ha Chi 3: Home Kcononiics Association. Margi ' ERIta a. I ' mi.ani) Miniicapulis Home Econoinicx Athenian Literary Society 1. 2, ;J; Itiir Sister; I ' liiuliiiiello; Home Kco- nnniies Association; Prest)yterian I ' liinn; ' . W. ( ' . A. J, 2, 3; Cabinet 3. AllilST L. L ' XTI.NEN Ely, Miiiu. Euijincerinij A. 1. £. E. (JODFREV V A ' ALINE l ' (|iill. Wis. . li rtculliire ( oninierce ( lub 3. Jacqueline Van der Hagen .... Lonottci, Minn. Ho m e Eco n o m ics Big Sister; S. C. A; V. W. ( ' . A; Home Economics Association. Lionel AiDREt ii Cliippiwa I ' all.s, Wis. EiK ntecruti John (. ' . Vezina KUswurth. Wis. Medicine William A. Vievering Si. Paul ( ' hemisirt . Ipha Chi Sigma; S. C. . ; Chemist Club. M. Kloride ' os Minrica|i(ilis Hoiiir Economics Minncsola Dailv SlalT I. 1 ' ; ri- ' . ' . (..iphcr Stall; I ' rcO, vicriaii I nion; Ag . M. C. A. Lmi I I,. i- SI Taul Altririillnrc Aiacia; Sigma Delia Psi; Ag Director l!12. ' ) (Iiipher Staff; Krosli Cross Counlr.v; Cross Counl . ■ 2. 3; Cross Ci)iinlr. - Clnh 3; I- ' rosli Haskethall; Krosh Track; " .M " Club 2, 3; Stadium Drive; Farm Re- view StafT 2, Associate Editor 3; Athenian Literary Society 2, 3; J. B. . ' Vssociation; Intra-Mural . thletic BoariL Sec.-Trens. 2. 3. liirdscije View of Brainerd Page 209 I H " | IIPTII ' I ' T ' ' ' I f T Evelyn Z. Wagar Forrst River. N. Dak. fitiniiu ' .s. V. W. C. A. LarRp Cabinet 3; V. S. G. A. 3: Norlh Dakntu ChiK J: ' •l ' " Business Women ' s Clnb 3; Presbyterian Union 3. ■t fS Caklton ( ' . Wagoneu Ki)clu ' strr. Minn. HiitiiHfufi SigniH .Vlpha Kpsilon. HlKTON K. Wai.d Minncapoli.s liii.siiicss Commerce Club 1. 2. 3; . . 1. ( . A. 1. 2, 3: ' 24 Club 1, 2. X. Ted W Ai.iiiiK Minnf ' a[Ji»!is hnyi lucrhiii Triangle; Chi Epsilon; Foot l)all Manager 3; . rabs; " The Blue (iod " Chairman of Engineers Day 3; Mortar and Ball 2, 3. Kith M. Warnek Academic I). II;, (. Liiiiiiii; Carl.l..u («e 1,2; Y. W. C. A. White Bear. Mi Jeannette Watson Minneapolis Ediwdhon Ruth E. Watson .... International Fall . Minn. Education Zeta . Ipha; Tlialiau l.iLerar. - Sueiety; Northrop Club. Harold Weathekhead Arttdftn ' tr Violet . . i:iiii . .la. Mi Minnea[)oli.s Educaiiou Kappa Phi; Le Cerrle Franrais 2; V. V. C. A.3; W. S. G. A. 3; Dis eussinn Club. IjAL.MER WeHERG Mavnanl. Mi I ' lutnnact ( ' NTHIA V. WeiMIERi.EK .... a w . Minn. Education ehi Tan Alpha; Thalian Literary Society; VV. S. ti. A; V. V. C. A. Llovd (i. Welty .Vle. ;tln!r ' i;i. .Minn Dnitislnj Xi Psi Phi: AleNi.ncIri;. Clul.. ■Superior Satioiial Eorrsl l u,,,- 111 {( 1. i: ni-,i;( Xi I si Phi. I iiiini ' ll. Minn. Driilislry Fl.iivn I.. Vi;m V(ikth Minm Mpcilis Dtiifisfri Dcllii Simna l)i-ll;.; M;.cmI.v,1it Collfi;!-, II. . . lU-nr.-.-. . N IC Wkst Miniic-ipiilis MKliriitf .VIpllll ICpsiloii 1. 2. :l: . W. ( , . . I. 2; Slii.l,-i.l Ii;,| li,l liiioii 1. 2. H.XKOLD I,. WksTIN . 1 cade Ei.i.A -M. Wkstm.w Forest Laki-. Mi Tracv, Mi I (ift r Erntinmws Kiippa l)ill:i; Kappa Kappa I.aliiliil.i; I ' i I.aliil)ila Tlli-la ; Hamline I ' lliversily IIekhert R. Weyek . . I. K. E; (iviii Squad 3. Hlni- Karth, Minn. Enf ffweri III HnHEKT ' . VHir K ' .1 cadi m ic D.lla Ipsiloii; S(al)l)ar,l ali.l ; Krosh-Scipli Diliatc- MiuiKMpoIi.S (iEKTKlDE WedEXHOEFEK X nr.slti . ' Wll.l . kD V. VlEL. ND A. I. K. K; A. A. E. ' ru(,ksl(in. Mi Uulnlii. Minn. I ' ai.mer K. Wicm Wh.kowski Enijinrcrini] Medicine Academic Minrp ' apctlis McM ' risNMN n. Minn fiEKAl II V Win k -i 11. rem I ak. ' Mi Acaderii le Curli-I.jri (■.•ll.-Ki- 1. 2 Marine — kSV. Croix I ' alle 11 ra,,e . ' II Edna Wilson Minneapolis Ho vie Econoti Mji.dked D. Wilson Minneapolis Home Economics A Rov A. Wilson A. s. M. E. 2. ;i. Stephen K. Winslow Masquers, International Falls, Minn. Enijintcring Academic Minneapolis XORA M. ( ' . WlNTHFK Minneapolis Medicine Kappa Kiippji Litinbda; Medical Six O ' Clock Club; Norwegian Literary Society; Lutheran Students Association; W. S. G. A; Y. W. C. A. Minneapolis Thelma K. Wiktenbergek Home Economics Kappa Phi 3; Tarn O ' Shanter; Home t-cononiics Association; Y. V. ' . A; Wesley Foundation. Unit Leader 3. LOLIS V. VlTCHIE Ai ririillnre Alinneapolis n ' W Maurice E. Wittint, .... Blackilnck. Minn. li us litems D.lla Kappa Kpsll.iii. Marion Woerz Alpha Phi. A call e mi e Stillwater, Minn. •y H Beth Wolfenden Benno F. Wolff Hnriir Economics Aciiilcmic Delano, Minn. St. Paul Lerov I). Wolff Sisseton, S. Dak. Business Sigma Phi F-psiloii; Delta Sii, ' ma Phi; Phi Sigma Phi. Lake Como Drire — St, PonI Page 21? IllCl.KN )()I)KI Fl CIi.iIImI.I, Mi m Ediiciilioii Gladys Wooos I ' cs Moims. Iowa Eilurntion KdV W. WimDWAkl) Xi r,i IMil. (iKXliVIICVli M. WOOLLAN Alphu I hi ()ni.-i;u. Dculhlrif EducuHoii (ihinloM, Miim. Miuiniipulis IIaRDI.I) (i. WoKMAN Dnitistrti Xi Psi Phi; Sliidenl Council ;i; V. M. ( . A. ALHIiKTA WkIi.H I Si. Croix I ' :ills. Wis MiniH-apdlis Antdrnt ic Jessie Kkkk Acailrmic Music Club 1. 2. 3; Y. V. C. A; W. S. (i. A: Big Sister. Melvvn K. V|;Ii.IIT Dntlinlnj Thrlii Ddtn hi; Tau L ' psilon Kappa. St. Paul Alexandria. Minn. II. .Vi.i.KN WlRZBACH Dniiilli. Minn. Entfinrrrinf V. M. c. A. 1. 2. 3. Wai.IKU Vaciiman .... St. Micharl. Minn. D( ytiiainj Dorothy Vike Home Economics Ede H. VoiXGyrisT Alinnoapoiis Si. I ' anl EiKjtnfvriiiij Third Avcmie Bridge — Minnc(rpolis_ Page 213 RiTH E. Vtrehls .... Ell II CO I ion I ' i Laml.ilii Thdii; CoMiii.p.ilil ;in Chili. Minneapolis liiiN M. Z K U1. SEN .... Braiiicrd. .Minn. Agn ' ciilliirr .Vlplia (iaiiinia Khu; . k ' . M. (. ' . A. Cabinet; Athenian Literary Society. CHKlbl ' I.VN ZaLN IIOWAKI) ZeIDLEH Dciilislrii Business Belle Plainc. Minn. MinneajiDlLs i TW ili M I Wl i J I Eicniiiij iin a Xarllwrn Luke WiLLl.VM J. Zeidlik ... East Grand Forks, Minn. i ' icinisfry Student Cemieal Society 2. i; Chemist Club 2, 3; . . A. E. S. Lawrence Zeleny Ariult ' inic Band 2. 3; Baptist Union 1. 2. 3. Newell R. Zieglek Mrilicinc Laura Eiliicnlinn LiLLL N 1). Zimmerman y iirsini} C. R. ZlOLKOWSKI Business Frosh Football; Coninieree (.lul) 1. Nathan M. Ziiterman Dcnlislri Minneapolis }!ip|in.s, Indiana Hilda Zimmerman ... Nicollet, Minn. Hume Economies Hopkins. Minn. New llni, Minn. St. Paul Minneapolis l ' iir,e 21 i aruoti nnh alb ag$ ! ' I f j MAROON AND GOLD j I DAYS I I When the page has been turned and a new i I chapter of life begun, there will come to us often | 1 a desire to look back for a moment at our golden | I undergraduate days and to enjoy the keen j I pleasure of saying I remember when — . Among I I the fleeting glimpses of our student activities | I which have been preserved between the next few j 1 pages are reflected the various phases of life at J I Minnesota; the unusual, the familiar; the hu- j I morous, the serious ; the vital and the trivial. All I I are symbolic of our college days, of our final j I preparation before we step out into the world j 1 of affairs. A final interlude, and then away to | I the mills, the manufacturing institutions, or the I I ever vital fields of agriculture to become a part | I of the teeming state to which we owe our exist- | I ence. Thus in the hope of keeping ever vivid | I the memory of old friends and places ; of pre- I serving traditions long since made dear to us; and I I of giving to those who are unacquainted a picture j I of University activities we offer Maroon and | I Gold Days , symbols of life at Minnesota. | I LUMBERINQ As the pioneer ' s axe rang through un- broken forests over seventy-five years ago, and as, iiith his oun hands, he heuvd and trimmed the very hoards for his oun uilderness hut, perluips he little dreamed of a day when all that surrounded him should hai ' e passed into the hungry mouth of civilization. But settlers soon came, hitsy saws tvere soon at work in the un- trod depths of land, and the convenierit power of the " Father of Waters " was harnessed to eager planing mills. It was the advent of lumbering! 1114 I MANUFACTURINQ Since those virgin days, ichcn MinnL ' sohi emerged from her embryonic primeval u-U- demess, her vast, unlimited resources have ever been the motivating factor in the ' up- ward path of her industry. Qrizzled pioneers, whose valor and labor penetrated to the very heart of her unreckonahle ex- panses of straight-limbed timber, whose toil-worn hands explored the depths of her priceless mineral deposits, and whose primitive ploughs first broke her uintuinvcf soils — these men were they who cherished visions of the turning ivheels of industry which were inevitably to come. I WHEAT Nature has combined beauty and utility in a field of ivheat. Its mild, sepia tone is no less inspiring than is the flour evolved from it valuable. How wonderous that so beautifid a thing should be so useful! And to the existing richness of this land has also been added this wheat, a thrice hoimtiful gift. Broad fields of evenly ar- ranged shocks now lie ivhere sparce patches of crudely cultivated grain ripened in the days of our grandparents. Wheat has made for the wide-spread renoun, the colorful beauty, and the unprecedented wealth of the State. FLAX Under dear, June skies, blue fields of flax wave in delicate undulating rhythm, caressed f iy the sojt breezes of a Minne- sota summer. As the summer wears on the sea-tinted blossoms worulcrotisly change to a sombre broun, and reapers come to harvest their crops of beauty for the less aesthetic cloth mills of Minnesota ' s cities. How different in the " days of ' 49 " . ' Then, courageous settlers solved by hand their few acres xirtually dropped in the unfettered groivth about them, and hiinested their meagre flax with a .Kythe. Man has cul- tivated Nature ' s resources for the glory of the Stale and the advance of cii ' ilization. Old Main— the hesinnina of it all Es-Gov. Lowden visited its Where " Prexy " spends his " ojf " hours The Capitol, the heart of the state, the source of our existence Page 220 r. nUti The one horse shay has seen its day hut still ne can enjoy it .r-id ii ll A welcome to wandering sisters ' . The covered u ' ugon hrin s home the bacon Still holds the Michiuan brandy The prize-winner See pane 593 Page 221 % f F ■ ' r» I ■»» " T ' T» ' t ' » ' l ' T»»T ' l M I ' ' 1 ' ' .M. ' T ' l ' . ' Our first " Prexy " ninety-one years y )un . The climax of fuiir years nell spent . n , ■ " ii ' ' -dS ' iiSr ' ' ' , ' --J%j- ' A 4 W » V ( ! M L j ' o«i«( jj ShL tsm m I B y%i. ' ■fe a lil » i Caps and nouns hut once remembrance forever " Well in our time- A fetv styles — Past and Present — At the Charter Day Convocation Page 222 Slu ' tliu Hall The feminine haven A .slu-iif and u sua fit- in the open spaces Instniinctits t I ' rosh toitiiie Pioiiil anil iiicen were they I ' uije 223 ISSUL The passing of the iiies ' H l )| »Hlfei Km B lfr ' " -x.A 3 | El [xirr SJI r 1 f :--- !• Given: one doidgnut for a niekel A big blaze before a big battle Where ue are ivont to linger r ' The passing of the . . P. trestle marks the beginning of the " Greater University " I ' cHjc m The " Tammany Hall " of the campus The " dean ' That ' s where our money noes The Ags also hare a " Lib " r iljL The J. B. ticket seekers just before " Prexy " intervened Page 225 " ' Twos just before the battle, mother ' A modern interpretation of Laocoon Sons til • !■ I A billet-doux or a " pay your dues ' Where all depends on " pull " Page 226 tSatt ' -, 4 A Met party i-- ' ---- ' - Levi scores a touchdown from kick-off 1 H l HtlM ' Let this he our motto, " Keep off the iiriiss " The man ' s to he coniirutulated Our All-Americiin comes into liis own Page 227 UT Ati auful Ui ' oft — but lots of fun for a penny The old gives way A bit of ninter paradise- Page 22S The only Gopher faux-pas — uhen the entertaintnent didn ' t show up m " Oh, for the life of a fireman, a fireman- It uon ' t he lon« now — When St. Patrick led the parade f fk " Prexy " dis,s in for the stadium Restful study in the Y. M. C. A. Page SS9 Laying the Dairy buildins cornerstone An artistic corner in the Y building This is a university — but then A sidelight on the Ag field day Iowa ' s pitiable end ■ m Page 230 m m ' _ The witching hour Funny what some cork and clothes will do A diversion that was Toush luck, buddy Many are late but few are waited for Page 331 :- Hm t I.IH. ' How the Profs spend a vacant convocation hour m I Genuine badgers at the Wisconsin game The ranger takes life easy The business school — stock exchange in the basement The dedication of the new library An apt finis Page 232 BOARD OF CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS :iL 113. OFFICERS Harold V. Yesterman Ruth Smalley . Conrad Hammar R. R. Barlow FACULTY MEMBERS Dean E. E. Nicholson Chairman Secretary Treasurer Thomas E. Steward Dwight Caswell Caryl S. Chapin STUDENT MEMBERS Conrad Hammar Ruth Smalley Harold V. Westerman T HE ])riine object of the Board of Publications is to unify the control of the various publi- cations, to guide editorial policies, to maintain a financial reserve and to select managing editors and business managers for the publications. It wa " s instituted by student vote in the spring of 1922 in an effort to do away with politics involved in the old system of electing editors by pojndar vote. The present board is the first to exist under the new system, having been elected in the spring of 1923. Two members from Academic, one member from each of the other colleges with some of the smaller colleges grouped in pairs and a president elected at large, compose the personnel of the Board. Barlow ,11,11,11 i Impti, taswell Page 234 ■i ' M»r, ' ■ Donald C. Rogers Walter B. Cole Roger Catherwood Ralph Uotnem . Managing Edifnr Business Sianager Editor-in-Chief Ass ' t Business Manager Walter L. Rice Faith Hall EDITORIAL STAFF ASSOCIATE EDITORS ALBUM DEPARTMENT Adelaide Stenhai. " ;, Editor Jean MacMillan Irene Scow ART DEPARTMENT Thilip C. Ellioit, Editor Joel Carlson. Harold Heins, Dorothy Kurtzman. Clyde Lighter, Everett McNear. Dorothy Mann. Oscar Olson. Richardson Rome AGRICULTURAL STAFF Lluyd L. Vye. Editor Willis Tonipkin-s. Erwin Laudert. Lloyd L Nelson. Nobel Shad- duck, Ronald Manuel, NL Eloride Vos. Laura Gerber, Helen Hoverstad, Kathryn Doyle, Liia Harvey MEN ' S ATHLETICS . llan G. Odell. Editor Einer W. Anderson, Howard Leahy. John Broderick, Edward McCluskey, Irving Nathanson, Tom Saxe WOMEN ' S ATHLETICS Eleanor Lincoln, Editor Margaret Haggerty, Helen McBeath. Loretta McKenna, Gladys Woods FEATURES Allen E. Rivkin. Editor Dorothy Jane Chandler, William Beroian. Howard Seavey COLLEGE EDITORS Engineering. Clyde Lighter; D. ' iitislry. Ra![)h W. Pedersen; Pharmacy, Vesta , bar; Business. Harriet Dew; Law. Clarence O. Tormoen; .Academic. Clarence Pearson leditorl. Lenore Lowenberg, Elizabeth Healey. Esther Taft lass ' ts); Education. R. . ilien Drake (editor). Ruth Marshall (ass ' t I; Mines. Edward Hennen; Medicine, Rudolph Hultkrans; Chemistry. Ruth Stier; Music. Dorothy Jane Hines; Nursing, Kathleen Genimel MAROON AND GOLD DAYS Forensics, Llewellyn Pfankuchen; Music, Horace Scott; Band, Harold Ranstad; Press, Thomas Hawkes; Society Esther Peik; Dramatics, Evelyn Nelson: Military. Harold Fink ORGANIZATIONS . delaide Burns. Helen Carpenter. Marshall Barton. Katherine Doyle, Maurice Kuhlman, Loretto Shea. Irwin Laudert HISTORY EDITORS Albert Morse, The State; Helmer Oleson, The University REPRESENTATIVE MINNESOTANS L URICE Lowe. Editor BUSINESS STAFF OFFICE John . . Koll). Donald Lawson, Milre . chenbach, Mildred Cod- den, Verna Norris, Elsie Prins. Louise Granger. Kathleen Murphy Roger i ' alhi SALES Einer C. . nderson (nrg ' r); Sall, ' Mathc John Paulson, Douglas McCullouch (ass ' ts) PUBLICITY Walter Hadlick. William E. Dahl. Harry K. Duraii. Bernard Larpenteur CIRCULATION Goodrich Sullivan (director . Harry Abbott. Charles Shepard. W.Stewart Pinkerton JUNIOR ASSISTANTS Arlhcrholt. Beth Ashe alviu liulli Aurand. Blunienfeldt. Emilic Bo Stella Distad. H. . B. Gustovson. Theodore Hillslroni. Will C. Reiil. Frances Schweig.r. Grace Schweiger. Chester Stone. Walter Theilman, Margaret W ' are, Margaret Wise Halph linlnem Page 235 ■naajB HBKumEs i mB!E SSKS ' ' «!3:S«S -J K ' S ' S®5?3S!i Gopher Department Heads m 4EM r t-r - ■ .. m RICE Pagii 236 Jl ' , 4 ' Editorial W orkeis Sophomore Assistants fH t i fH Busine s S S taf f s it liiiii iirai BBiHyM I ' agr 337 l MOBd S ' Sili ' Jw M ' THE last year has seen The Minnesota Daily transformed from a student |)ul)li(alion with less than 1,200 subscribers and a deficit in the monthly budget into an All-University newspaper with a compulsory subscription list of 10,000 and moderate financial stability. Following the financial collaijse of the pa])er during the winter c|uarter of 1923 and the series of four-column issues which appeared during that crisis, the present system was put into effect. Responding to a petition from 6,000 students, the Board of Regents approved a plan whereby each student registered in the University became a regular subscriber and fifty cents was deducted each quarter from his fee statement for this purpose. The University pays for faculty subscrip- tions and for the expense of publishing the Official Bulletin in The Minnesota Daily. Occasional six-page and eight-page issues and several s])ecial issues and football extras have been published during the year. The Minnesota Daily has always maintained a jjolicy of holding strictly to University news and excluding all news stores which do not directly concern the student. It supports important campaigns and fosters worthy movements on the campus. During the year of 1923-1924, it has been influential in its persistent agitation in favor of such proposals as the estalilishment of a major sequence in Journalism and against such evils as the former trucking nuisance. Students and faculty members have been permitted to publish their opinions in the Campus Comment column which is one of the innovations of the i)ast year. ' . ' ■■■ " Tt;-a ::3? Clt-ejc cyffr ' e ' e M. cA£a i ' oe Page 238 11 11 Langland Horn Rivkin LoWftthtTiJ Miiiirof Fadell .Van Olcion For man Scariij I.cck lleur. MINNESOTA DAILY EDITORIAL STAFF Chester D. Salter John H. Munroe Lenore Lowenberg Alisekt S. TorsLEv Editor-in-Chief S ' eu ' s Editor Woman ' s Editor Richard Walrath M nnatjinij Editor Carl G. Langland . Walter L. Rice Helmer O. Olesox Sports Editor Day Editor Editorial Writer Editorial Writer NIGHT EDITORS Waller L. Rii-f. Hiirolcl S. Kink. Liimbprt K. Horn. Everett H. Heuer, .John Connor, Allicrl Y. Morse, Palmer (), Narveson. m assistant night editors John P, Broderiek. David Cantield, Thomas Hawkes. Wilbur Hadden. Parker Kidder, Fred (iram. Carl Landis. ( ' , Bernard Peterson. Mar.v P ' orssell Helen C- rpenter Eliz. beth Brooke Mary ST, PLEa WOMAN ' S DEPARTMENT Bella Hershkovitz Asaiitlant Editor Ilumr Eronomicn Eilitur .Mildred Tinf.lale Carl 0. Langland SPORT DEPARTMENT Fred Gram, Howard Haveraft. Fritz .locrii-. Kciuar.l MeCluskey, Winton Merrit, .lerr.v Pratt. Kin... V.l on. SPECIAL WRITERS Dorofh.v . rbore. Homer FrankenberRer. Philip .1. Henderson. V ' iole Hoffman, Alan Kennech Uoroth.v Swanson. , llen K. Ri ' KIN . Column Edilar REPORTERS Mililre.l A. Clarke, Gerlrvidi- Cliiilon, Herbert O. Deaeon. Kdwiiril E lelman, Lenore . I. Kdyerton. Dorothv Fife. Donald Garland. Helen Harris. Georce ' C. Helliekson, Irma Hil)jecliek, Dorolh.v Hoskinf. ' , Florence M. Kiin e, Winifred L,vnske.v. .lean M.I.aehlin. Alf T, Ofslie, Marc.irel Parker, Warren ,1. Smith, B. Week, .lune Weslberi;, Wviii.,ii Wilson, Evelvn Wrishl. I, more Lowenberg Page 239 I MINNESOTA DAILY BUSINESS STAFF Raymond E. Bartholdi .... ... Bu.iiKess Manager Alex R. Miller Advertising Manager Ch. rles Ira Brown ' t Advertising Manager NoRM. N Hague .S7. Paul Advertising Manager Henry Leivestad Cireulation Manager Trygve T. Lode Aceountanl James Kriedrich Mcrrliiiiiillslny Salcsntun Aflvfi-tising alesmeii: Ray Carlson. Charles L. Xelsciii. Kriim ' tli Xewhniisr. Lair.v Seeman, Harold Smetana. 1S EDI TilRlAL WORKKHS Page ' 2Jfi )l •- MINNESOTA ' S magazine of liuiimr and litorature originated in Octol)er, 1921, and is a direct descendant of The Ariel, a niontiily journal which enjoyed wide po])niarity from 1SS5 to 1908. when it gave way to the Minne-IIa-Ha. The Minne-IIa-IIa increased in size and circulation until May, 1917. . hout tliis time over half the magazine ' s stall ' was called to the colors, and the publication of Minne-Ha-IIa ceased as a sejjarate entity. During the next year it apjieared for a while on the back page of the Minne.sota Daily and later it expired altogether. . fter the ])assing of the Minne-Ha-Ha, there was much agitation in favor of a monthly magazine and several attempts were made to establish one. -Vll these attemi)ts failed, however. until the local chapter of Sigma Delta Chi. national jirofcssional journalistic fraternity, took matters into its own hands, organized a staff and in October of 1921, published the first issue of Ski-U-Mah. The name of the magazine was chosen to represent the three letters in the title " State University of Minnesota. " The new magazine was not entirely humorous, l)ut jiossessed the added feature of giving each month the current events of the campus life. This is the thir l year of the Ski-l ' -Mah ' s existence at Minnesota and today it ranks as one of the best college magazines of its kind in the United States. The |)olicy of the magazine today ha.s not deviated from what the originators wished it to l)e. The nuigazine was taken over by the Board in Control of Student Publications in 1923, and is now coiulucted. not by the founding organization, but by the entire I ' niversity. Ski-U-Mah fills a large ])lace at Minnesota. As a medium of |)ictorial and literary news dis- semination and of humorous merit it is a necessary part of Minnesota. Considering I lie Ihree short years of its existeiu ' e, it has made remarkable ])rogress in establisli- ing a ])(»ition for itself as a part of life at Minne.sota. The future iiolds for it uidimited ])ossibili- lies for develojiment among Clarenrf Tormoen other college magazines. John Groff Page iJ,l ;:; Plocher Kictkopf Starcy t ' arpenttr Stajfiinl Ol.son Haverson Oleson Spirer Me Scar Motley Seichouse Friiiiknian Crinsman Christinnson Arlwre Carlson Knapp Cornell Utegner Van Fossen Tormoen Mnrtland Hurkman Of of Wearer THE SKI-U-MAH STAFF EDITORIAL STAFF John K. Mortland . Clarence O. Tormoen Managing Editor Editor-in-Chief J. Ward Ruckman . Robert Van Fossen E. G. Haverson Whittier Day . Literary Ed. Howard Seavey . Feature Ed. LucKiE Waller A.-i.i ' t Feature Ed. Palmer Narveson Ass ' t Feature Ed. Sarah M. English Allen E. Rn kin Ass ' t Feature Ed. Ass ' t Feature Ed. Publicity Direetor K.rehange Ed. Edgar Weaver ART STAFF Art Director JoEL CARLSON .-1.V.V ' Art Director Mary Carpenter John P. Paulson Lee Deighton BISIXESS STAFF Business Sec. Hnsiness Manager Arlo Cornell Circulation M ' g ' r. Ass ' t Circulation M ' g ' r. Don Garland ADVERTISING STAFF Rai.I ' H Stegner . Ed. Montgomery Dorotliv Pli .idi ' crtising .! ' ( ' . lu ' r Ain Wliilf SALES STAFF Alt ' reda Davis. .Icrry Fraiiknian. Ktlic llarriufjton. Margaret Knai p. . rini- Motley, Agnes Xewhoiise, Margaret Scoles, Harriet Sherman. Dorothy Sjjieer. Faith Statt ' ord. Janet Wethall. Mauritz Sterner, Jean McKeon. Catherine Wellington. CONTRIBUTORS Dorothy Arliore, Gerald Bond. Tillman Breiseth. Betty Chrisman. Dwight Christianson. Cornelia Clonsing. Philip Elliot, Harvey Hall. Harold Heath. Herbert Kielkopf. Dorothy Kiirtznian. Everett McNear, Tom Norton. John Munroe, Mike Murphy, Helnier Oleson, Oscar Olson. Charles Ritten, Horteiise Roberts, Isadore Silverman, Hazel Smith, Glanville Smith, H. L. Thompson, C. A. Waldson, Riehanl Walrath, Hermann Weicking. Page 242 Letand F. Peterson THE MINNESOTA ALUMNI WEEKLY Leland F. Peterson Cecil Pease E. S. Mann Walter Rice Sam Abrams Hugh Hutton Editor and Manager Associate Editor Literavji Editor Student Editor Sports Editor Cartoonist IN JUNE, 1901, the Minnesota Alunuii Weekly was started. Its first editor, E. Bird Johnson, intended to publish tlie jjeriodical l v taking bits of news from the Minnesota Daily. However, the magazine was so enthusiastically received that it was found possible to issue it as an independent i)ublication. Mr. Johnson was both owner and publisher of the magazine until 1904, when it was turned over to the General Alumni As.sociation, under whose jurisdiction it has remained ever since. The purpose of the Weekly has always been " to mirror University life " and thus keep the alumni in touch with the progress of its alma mater. ADVISORY ( ' ( )MMITTEES EDITORIAL Janu ' s II. Haker Ray P. William M. Hodgson Rewey Belle liiglis Agnes Jacques ADVERTISING Joseijh ( ' liapnian We.sley King Horace Klein Albert B. Loye William H. Morris Page 24S ' O y e£M0- : d iVA, 7A- JUST twenty-two years after the opening of the Engineering College in the spring of 1893, the first student publication made its bow on the campus of the University of Minnesota. It was the initial number of the Engineers " Year Book, a volume containing 120 pages of reading matter of a purely scientific nature. In it were articles concerning research work and scientific investigation and invention, both by students in the school and by other people promi- nent in various lines of work, including engineering, architecture, mining and chemistry. For fifteen years the Year Book enjoyed a successful existence, comparing most favorably with other scientific journals of its time. The magazine was so popidar that in 1908 a new quarterly policy of publication was adopted to satisfy the subscribers ' demand for its more frequent appearance. However, The Engineer was one of the many victims of the upheaval accompanying the Worlil War and went out of existence as greater and greater inimbers of its sponsors left for the service. In the spring of 1920, tlie Association of Engineering Students founded the successor to the Year Book, a monthly publication which goes under the name of the Minnesota Techno-Log. Since the formation of the Technical A.ssociation which replaced the Association of Engineering Students in the spring ([uarter of 192.3, the Techno-Log has been published and backed only by students in the technical colleges. In content, the magazine resembles in a general way pulilicalions of a similar nature jmt out by various other schools and universities. It has a staft ' of about twentv-five members by whom most of the writing is done. In addition to this, many of the professors and alunmi of the school contribute articles of interest to the ]iages of the magazine. Occasional articles by or interviews with outsiders who have done notable work in scientific lines add to the excellent (piality of the reading matter. The subjects treated include a great diversity of subjects covering each branch of importance and value to all three of the Schools of Engineering, Chemistry and Mining. The commercial aspect such as the advertising, the selling, or producing and in general the marketing of the scientific knowledge accpiired in the class room is taken up in full at various j)eriods. Work along specific lines, such as innovations in building material, a bridge which was an unusual feat of engineering, a mining exjieriment, or some ste]) in advance in the field of chemistry, are each chronicled in the magazine. To each department in the various schools, a definite amount of space is devoted for the writing up of their affairs. There is also a cohunn of Inimor a])pr( priatcly called " Technicalities " and a page or two of i)ersonals about alumni. Page 2U m h i wm THE TECHNO-LOG STAFF St i. :iL 1 -|E _ 1 (lakence W. Teal Miiniiijiini F.ililor Archie McCRAnv Glanvili.e W. Smi Herbert Liese R. E. Mathes S. B. Tittle Miles Dahlex Marshall ( ' oolifi e, Jr. Alfred li. Greene A.v.vor(( ( ' Kfl. Archil I ' d II nd Ed. . Clnl Ed. Ehrlrirul Ed. M crhaiiiriil Ed. ( ' himinil Ed. L. M. Case Frank Roos . .hLL x Garzox Theodore Pritchard Philip Hartmaxx Joel Carlsox Herman lieseler SPECIAL WRITERS Leonarfl Kleiiifeld All.ert W. Morse EDITOHIAL WRITERS J. E. Meagher L. A. AH MM (JRUESPONUEXTS George Cornell Edward Hennen lUSlXESS STAFF Mines Ed. Humor Ed. .Ihimni Ed. E.rrliuiigc Ed. Spnrl.s Ed. lihistrator Paul E. Nvstroni James Sutherland E. L. Lu (Ivegsen Otto C. Person . Caryl Chapix ....,,, M fr DoN. LD Swift Circulntimi M f r - rthur Christianson Donald (ulfillan Biisiiie. ' is Mfuiagcr Philip E. Richardsox , .4.v.?V ' wc.v.v .WjV M. RVix Rogers .4,s-.vV Cirrulatio,, M ' gr Daviil C. Kopp C. C. Xclson t f . M 1. 1 lliirf itunni (.iinnti Smith McCrady .M„r. in I | liirhardson I arla.,11 Vnalithje Siillurliiiul Tt(tl f ' li i])iri (irfciiv Siri l Page 345 7fe. li)i s- ' offipfcffi , U(i i ue. THE Minnesota Farm Review, official paper of the Department of Agriculture, is one of the oldest continuous publications on the campus, the first copy having been issued in 1895. This magazine was published monthly until 191(), when it became a weekly publication. As official newsi)aper of the agricultural caniijus, the Review sought to give a detailed account of all news interesting to the student of agriculture and io link the alumni of the college and school with their institution and their old classmates. It was very successful in this until the winter of 1924 when, because of the general distribution of the Minnesota Daily, publication of a weekly was thought unnecessary and the Farm Review was discontinued. The Gopher Countryman, a monthly magazine, successor to the Review, first appeared on the campus in April of 1924. The purpose of the publication is lo promote all worthwhile jjrojects of the three schools. Agriculture, Forestry and Home Economics; to present to the readers facts of interest concerning the outside world; to chronicle the activities of the campus at large; and lastly to reflect the progress of the alumni of the college. The magazine was established by means of a special election called for the purpose by the student council, at which it was accepted by a vote of 132 to 2. Control of the book was provided for by the creation of a Board of Publications, substantially the same as the All-University board with six student and three facidty members. The welcome which was accorded the first number seems to be a favorable indication that the Gopher Countryman will become a permanent insti- tution on the agricultural campus. The staff of the new publication, closely identified with the former staff of the Farm Review, is as foUow ' s: Willis W. Tompkins Manayiiui Editor Lloyd L. Vye Business Manager M. URiTZ Sterner Circulation Manager AgriniltKrc: Dana Bailey, Conrad Hainmar, James Hume, Adol])h Kaniis, Vernon Lash- brook, John O ' Mal ley, Victor Oliver, Charles Shejjherd. Forestry: G. Proctor Coojjer, IJoyd Erickson, Ronald Manuel, Nobel Shaddock. Home Economics: Emma Boyum, Elizabeth Brooke, Pearl Cairncross, Minnette Crouch, Mildred Daane, Laura Gerber, Marian Haedecke, Bozena ] IcKeon, ' Slay Mackintosli, Kathcrine Ulrich. Pa,jc iii ii m THERE WERE three contests to encourage creative w(irk in dramatics and play writing during the year. The five dramatic clubs competed on a basis of the most artistic pro- duction of the year for the Ruben Cup. The 1911 Class Play writing Prize of .S4U inaugu- rated a contest for original jilays written by students. The Daily Star Cup Contest was arranged to encourage production for the playwright under test conditions of original plays. The students, through the weekly attendance at the Wednesday matinees of the Play Production classes, have been developing an interest in the art of the theater and a wider knowledge of plays than ever before. Dramatics have moved so fast in the past five years that the time has come to centralize talent and interest. The dramatic clubs with their fine social organization have been coming to feel the need of one large all-University organization with a central head, greater funds, more representative University equipment and with paid groups of students to handle make-up, lighting, scenery, costuming and other technical ))roblems throughout the year with a degree of skill and on a professional basis hitherto impossible. The University needs more facilities and money to carry on dramatics through departmental planning and control on a larger scale than the play production classes are doing at present. Dramatics, not only as a social recreation, but as an art, should be the forward look of the Univer- sity. Ariel MacXaiiyhtn)) Diniiirall. A YEAR OF DRAMATICS The students who ])articipated in dramatic activities the past year can feel well pleased. They have worked witli an earnestness and fervor which brought the results they sought. And plans for the future show the enthusiasm which speaks well for the development and growth of a unified organization which will make for us a high place in anuiteur dramatics. The com])etition for the Ruben Cup was continued this year, the results to be announced before the end of the school session. In April the annual one act play contest for the Daily- Star was given. The opportunities afforded the cluU.s by the new theater in the Music Hall have not been wasted. The equipment as yet is by no means complete, but is much better than heretofore and gradually we are acquiring the means by which very nearly ]jerfect productions will be ]jossible. Perhaps the actual presentations of the past year have not surpassed those of other years, but the dramatic students have shown that which is far more encouraging. They have developed to a very gratifying extent their intelligent appreciation of the better things in dramatic literature. There is not much time for voice culture or the study of techni(iue of body exi)ression, but with a sympathetic understanding of the best in drama form and an earnest desire to do justice to it there is a future for the students which is very, very fine, and which should he encouraged. Leone Berge Xiinan. Page 3 8 Xili PLAY PRODUCTION: THE ART OF CREATIVE DRAMA - r -n a BH()A1) A 1k ' ( I lilies an (ipeii hook after one lias spent a year ' s trainini; witli the class in Play l ' ro(lucti()n. Tiie mysteries of the stajje, the ajjparent hniiencss of the settings, the immediate ditfienlty of the electrical effects, the long-remenihered tonation of the lines, interijretation. — all this becomes comparatively easy after one has been drilled for months in the ways of the stage. The Play Production class has strixen to accomplisii (( ' rtain definite things in its season ' s work. It has trained its members to i)nt forth across the footlights, that too-often lacking essence of the stage that is so prevalent in collegiate and other amateur jiroductions. It makes for a definite pose on the stage, an accurate reading of the lines, a sin-eness of gesture, a liecoming naturalness under the grease paint. And, further (and this good is immeasurable) it has made of the University ])ublic a ])lay-loving grou]) who come week after week to see the class offerings. The returns in enthusiasm of the well-|)acke(l house more than re])ay the student for his efforts. While one-act ])roduclions were the rule, a three-act play by Leonid Audrey called " The Sabine Women " was the exception. .Vmong the one-act |)lays that were offered during the season are Sir James Barrie ' s " TJie Old Lady Shows Her Medals, ' " Strindl)erg " s " The Stronger. " Hankin ' s " The Constant Lover, " Glanville Smith ' s " Seed Sown in the Spring, " Dunsany ' s " The Queen ' s Enemies, " Maxwell ' s " The Last Man In, " and Clare Kummer ' s " The Robbery- " ■■_ ■Till- 01,1 I. mill Sliuira II, r l,,l„h PiKjr 34.9 Rirktn Teal Brodenck Fehlhaber Wiuslow McSrnr Meniiruhall O ' Conm ' l! Fawceff Kiilberg Ca.ts Cuiuior An le. Dodge _ firingofd Kurtz man Utrmaii HamiUmi DriixUii Enriy Seichnuse Kmhtic IVonllett Grny Sfnidtr-jaard linkvr Hawki-s 10 tt Miller White Kramer Sckurr Travis MASQUERS OFFICERS Franklin D. Gray President Doris Clare Williams r. President Mildred F. Busch Secretary Gerald H. Newhouse Treasurer William WooLLETT Business Manager MEMBERS Ritliard Burton. Honorary Member Mrs. Andrew Dingwall Associate Member Einer W. . nder.son Harold Baker Anna Banks Mary Barnard John Brackett Willette Brandt Margaret Bringgoli . lden Ct)untrynian Harry Craddick Dorothy Dodge Nina Draxten Jean net te Everly W ' arren K. Fawcett Rioliard Fehlhaber Helen Ford Gwendolyn Ferry Dick GaskiU Don Gilfillan Gladys Kiiehne Monroe Kulberg Dorothy Kurtznian Clyde Lighter Esther McCoy Helen MacGregor Everett MeXear L. C. Mendenhall Helen Merrill Vernon Miller Gerald Newhouse Dorothy Ploeher Mildred Reed Allen E. Rivkin Richardson Rome Frederic Schade Allyn Schiffer Erma Schurr Dorothy Smalley Jack Spencer Hester Sondergaard Clarence Teal John Broderiek Franklin D. Gray Don O ' Connell Clarence Tormoen Mildred Busch Mrs. Carter Hamilton Marvin Greek Stanley Travis Merlin Carlock Elizabeth Hartzell Bruce Palmer Lyra Tvra Carl Cass Thomas E. Hawkes James Perkins Aimee White Eleanor Cederstrom Huth Herman Charles O. Peterson Doris Clare Williams Mabel Christianson Xannette Javne Elaine Platou Stephen Winslow ' John Connor Genevieve Kramer William Woollett Page 350 ALICE SIT-BY-THE-FIRE ' itii m m III James M. Biirrie I ' n.iiiilat nri-mber 33 iiiul 21,, 1.923 THE CAST Amy Grey Cosmo Crey ' Genevra Dunbar Alice Grey Colonel Gri-:y Stephen Rollo Richardson Fanny (Nurse) The Maid Mildred Reed Warren Fawcett Mrs. Carter Hamilton Ainiee AVhite Gerald Xewhouse Marvin Oreck . Margaret Bringiiold . Gladys Kuehne Ruth Herman ALICE SIT-BY-THE FIRE tells of the attempt of a yonng girl whose romantie ideas of life have been based on a few stolen trips to the theatre, to save her mother from the sorrow and disgrace of the love triangle in which she fancies her to be involved. The girl goes to the rooms of " the man " , an innocent and bashful young friend of the parents, and demands the letters which are always present in such ease.s. The results of this attempt of a noble daughter to save a supix.sedly erring mother are told by Rarrie witli the harm, kindliness, and whimsical humor that Barrie alone ])ossesses. Beneath the ab.surdities and delicate humor of the play, however, the more serious Barrie is setting forth but another theme of mother love, told in a different vein from the usual, perhaps, but nevertheless of as much importance as themes propounded in a more forceful and obvious manner. The : Ias(iuer cast scored its success in the creation of the proper Barrie atmosjjhere. without which the production of his ])lays is a failure. The charm was sustained throughout, the play being handled with an easy grace and whimsical touch in the lighter parts, while the more .serious scenes were jilayed with a delicacy and a sympathy that sho Barrie humor. a thorough uiulerstanding of the r:ni. j:,l S. Smith Reynolds L. Anderson Ivcrsori Hoin-n Magnus Ertz F. I. II liarge Sprecher McCiilir J. La Barge Sirel Anthony Nelson II mil Cross .Vc Eh in Pearson Skachell Moutton Thompson Whittet Riehey Lee ille Johnston Montijomery Rns. THE PLAYERS Helen Cross Jul Bauman Jean Norwood Lorenzo Anthony OFKICERS President V. President Secretary Treasurer Mr. Burke Mr. Sam Burton HONORARY MEMBERS M. Jean Catel Mr. Carleton Miles Mrs. F. C. Shenehan Mrs. V. R. Vance Mrs. George E. Vincent MEMBERS Leslie Anflrrson Jane La Barge Lorenzo Anthony Marion Lee Jul Bauman Clare Luger Gordon Bowen Dorothy Magnus Martha Cooper Mary McCabe Helen Cross Edmund Montgomery Jules Ellin Rowland . Foulton Imekla Ertz Evelyn Nelson Effie Harrington Iva Nelson Lester Hertjerger Carlton Neville Douglas Hunt Jean Norwood Marjorie Johnston Clarence Pearson Flossie La Barge Howard Peterson Page 2- )2 Robert Rejwolds Eltrym Riehey Rachel Russ Elizabeth Shackell Paul Smith Samuel Smith Mary Sprecher Verna Steel Mary Stevenson Wrnon Thompson Albert Tousley Edgar Weaver Stanlev Vaill m PILLARS OF SOCIETY Uy llenril; Ibsen Presented February lo and 16, 1924 THE CAST AuxE, an old .ihiphialdcr Krap, ((■ Con.s-iir.s Secretar! RoRLUNI), Hector of the Church Scliool Mrs. Rvmmi:i. I Irs. Postmasticr Holt Mrs. BiiRMCK, irife of Consul Bernick DiNA DoRF, « young girl living in Cotisul ' s Martha Bernick, the Consul ' s sister HiLMAR ToNNESEN, Mrs. Bernick ' s cousin Olaf Bernick. the Consul ' s son . Irs. Lvnc.e, a newcomer Consul Bernick home Rowland Moiilton Peter Iversoii Stanley Vaill Grace Whittet Dorothy Matjnns Iva Nelson Helen Cross Eltryiii Riehey . Jules Ehin Caroline Hill Mary Stevenson Carlton Neville I .- LI - " t- i .. THE 1924 offering of the Players was the result of an earnest desire to give the I ' niversity good drama at once of a serious and unusual nature. There had Ijeen many requests made by drama patrons for an Ib.sen play. Consequently, as a relief from the usual light comedy and because of the universal nature of its satire, Henrik Ibsen ' s " Pillars of Society " was chosen by the Players for their major production. Only the Players realized the obstacles encountered in producing an Ibsen play in less than three weeks. The problem of a large cast with many difficult ])arts, constructing of an authentic Norwegian setting of the late fifties, and of procuring correct period costumes loomed uj) as tre- mendous barriers. Genuine Norwegian furniture of Civil War times was willingly loaned by enthusiastic play-goers. Bonnets, " hoo])s " and Prince Alberts were resurrected from attics. The cast spent countless hours cultivating a nineteenth century drawing room. Page Joo i: Skof Lilzcnbiiry March Fink Sfi erance t_ Rallit McWhorter Jacobsen Council Schadc Anderson Gnrlcy Smith laskill Carlock ilabhull Morlland Duighl GARRICK CLUB OFFICERS Merlin- Carlock President Richard Gasku-l V. President Floyd D WIGHT Secretary Leonare Mabbott Business Manager HONORARY MEMBERS Charles Bayley Carl Jones W. G. Motter Melville Burke R. C. Jones George N. Northrup Ward C. Burton N. S. Kingsley E. N. Saunders Elbert Carpenter Sumner T. McKnight E. S. Thurston Laird Goodman Carlton Miles Otis Skinner Arthur Hartwell Edwin White MEMBERS Einar Anderson Richard Jones Charles Morris Merlin Carlock Willis Kimball John Mortland Frank Connell Earl Kribben Carlton Neville Floyd Dwight Carl Litzenburg Manning RoUit Stuart Fink Frank McWhorter Frederic Schade Richard Gaskill Leonard Mabbott Mark Severance Roger Gurley Stuart March Reuben Skog Robert Jacobsen James Smith Page 251, MRS. DOT I ' re.icnied February ,.- ' , anil Marrli I. 192. ' t THE CAST m C ' liARi.KS, Gerald ' .s SerronI Mr. Wrkhit. (I ta ilor Mr. Ri.XON. I ' lCnild ' x solirilar (ilCRAI.D 1I. LST. NE . Kolil ' lt .l;i(ol)S(Mi Karl Krililx ' ii .John Miii ' l laml ( liarle.s Morris J. Mi;s Hl.ENKINSOP Mark Severance Freddie Perkins, Mrs. Dot ' s ncfilirir and spcrrttiri Stuart March Mrs. Worthi.ey C ' Mrs. Dot " ) L. DY Sellenger Nellie Sellenger. her daughter . Iiss Eliz. Iacgregor. Mrs. Dot ' s aunt George, Blenkinsop ' s man Mason, Mrs. Dot ' s servant Richard (laskiil Stuart Fink Roger Gurley Leonard fahljott Earl Krihhen . .John Mortlaiid G. RRI( ' K C ' Ll IJ uienibers were faced, in the presentation of Mrs. Dot. with the proMeni of creating four female roles out of their all-male personnel. The roles were filled by Richard Gaskill, Stuart Fink, Leonard Ld)hott, and Roger (lurlcy; who, in addition to jjroducing the humorous reaction on the audience such a situation always calls fortii, showed themselves possessed of no little skill in female impersonation. The play itself was one of sitiuition. Mrs. Dot, a woman of thirty-five, finds herself in love with (leraid, who, however is firmly hut not enthusiastically engaged, through ])arental arrange- ment, to Nellie. The way in which she effects the breaking of the engagement and the substi- tution of herself in the i)lace of Nellie, formed the skilful and highly interesting turn of the plot. 11 1 Paije - J- ■■f.iJW,_ " -M UeLl " . ' •SninlrriitKiril Schitrr Vicar y II illiams 1) 11 n n Cooper ( roKS I( fstliuc Coch Diichnf liruinU S PAINT AND PATCHES Gladys S. Kuehne WiLLETTE Brandt Helen Barlow Lucille Smith Rachel Russ OFFICERS E-vcfitfli ' i ' Both President President Treasurer Scercta ry d Member Mary Barnartl Helen Barlow p;iilclie Bc.vle Willette Brandt Catherine (_ ' leary Mary Cochrane Aliee Mary Connoll Martha Cooper mkmhp:rs Helen Cross Wilva Davis Dorothy Dunn Theoiiosia Foot Dorothy Galliraith Ella Grace Havcrson ( atherine Hoy Allicria Hntciiin Glaiivs Kuehne Eleanor Piper Rachel Russ Erma Schurr Dorothy Sehrader Lucille Smith Hester Sondergaartl Evangeline Westline Doris Clare Williams PAINT AND PATCHES dramatic club is tlie first women ' s dramatic club organized at the I ' niversity of Minnesota. Several years ago eleven girls interested in advancing women ' s dramatics at Minnesota met together, drew up a constitution and finally chose Paint and Patches to be the name of their organization. During the fall and winter of f921-1922 these girls presented one-act plays in Shevlin for the enjoyment of visitors during the social hour. Among some of the performances given were, " Lima Beans " , " Fourteen " and " Overtones " . In the spring of the same year Paint and Patches entered the one-act play contest, producing " Litmus " by Ora McLaughlin. Shortly afterwards the clul) was recognized by the University as a major organization and was given the right to produce plays on the campus. In the spring of 1!I2H the first big ])r()(luction ' was given, involving three plays: " Every Woman ' s Husband " . " Will O ' The Wisp " and " The Rehearsal " . Last fall the club again pre- sented a major production. The three one-act ])lays chosen were: a Chinese play, " The Sweet- meat Game " , an Irish tragedy, ' " Riders To The Sea " , and a fantasy, " The Wonder Hat " . Page 256 ONE-ACT PLAYS Prr.soilcil by Paint anti I ' ulchis. THE SWEETMEAT GAME By Ruth Comfort Mitchell. THE CAST Yiong-Yeing JIoUii Cross Vs()-LlI-M. I Dorothy (Jalbraith Sol-Chi HcsUt SondcTgaard White Devil Carlton Neville RIDERS TO THE SEA By Singe. THE CAST " SI. VR S. II n old woman Hester Son l(Tf:aar(l Bartlev. her .mn Carlton Neville Kathleen, her daughter Lucille Smith NoKA, a young daughter Wilva Davis THE WONDER HAT Bif Ben Hecht and Kenneth G. Sawyer. Harlequin Pierrot Punchinello Columbine Margot THE CAST Theoflosia Foot Lueille Smith . Dorothy Dunn Evangeline Westline Emilie Bovle FOLLOWING the jirecedent of other years the I ' aiiit and Patches ( ' luh presented three one- act plays in its animal ])rodiiction this year. The program was varied and consisted of a farcial curtain raiser, a lyrical semi-tragedy, and a truly realistic tragedy. Special stress on the settings was emiihasized by the club in its production. The .sets were all designed and executed by Everett McNear and were declared by critics to be among the most effective sets in dramatic activities on the campus. .1 Scene from " The Sneetmeat (lame " Page 257 Sunl.rn O ' MalU ' if El ■rts Urn land Ashi- lilrn Sjiiilfy Damiith Tinnier Sflsnii .arson D,,rr Phillips inn liarviy Oistad Davis Toinpkin t Cook Uammar Streaker Cooper iioTl] PUNCHINELLO Helen Cook . Margaret Streaker Conrad Hammak . Laura Elder OKFK MRS President V. President Treasurer Seerrftirif MEMMKRS Beth Ashcndi ' ii Dana Bailey Evplyn Bdifj Prortor ( ' oopt-r MiniiPtti- Crouil. HeltMi Cook Mildred Daane Fred Da null I; Xelli,. Davi Arthur Dow Lawrt ' tiee Doten Stella Distad Aliee Dver Laura Elder And)ri»se Everts ( ' (irirad Haruniar Lila ILir ' e_ ' ' ir inia Hawkins Inga Hill Edith Knopp Elmore Lan e Ada Lihernian Bernice Larson Douglass McCuHoukIi Cora Miles Ann Xelson Lloyd Nelson (iladys Nordeen John OMalley Sadie Phillips Emily Payetta Arthur Saiiner Margaret Streaker Marjorie Smiley Helen Tha -er Willis Tompkins Katherine Clrieh Marguerite I ndand Katharine WelliuKton Piiye -ids THE PASSING OF THE THIRD FLOOR BACK ) Jiruirii A. Jtronii. I ' rr. ' inlr.l Murrh 7 iukI S. 1924. nil-; cAsi " Joi-:v Wkk.III. (( rrlind lHi ikmiik( r " HR1ST()I ' H1;R PeNNKV, u IHlinla- Major TomI ' KINS, rrlirrd Mrs. Tompkins. )iis irifc Vn ' I.W, n ' .v iliiiKilitcr Jape Samlkls, of lite i-itii HaKRV LaRCKOM. his jiirLdI Miss Kith, inuitlacltcd . Mrs. PkRCIV.M. UE HoOLKV. finikin to Sir George Tireedle, Bart the slarei Mrs. Sharpe, the Itimllddii The Stranger, tin- third finer liack ( 1. I ' roctor ' )(i])cr ( ' ( ni;i(l l!aiiiin;ir Hoiiiild Manuel In-a Hill (lladys Nordccii Waiter Voiiskf . inbrose Everts Helen Thayer . Helen ( ciuk . Mildred Daane adi ' I ' hillips .I..lin (TMallev Some patlio-. a sla li at alieetatiun. an appeal liir i;ennine s and synipatliy. a litt roniaiK-e and dittiised tliroufili all a rip])le of linnior— these are the i|ualities mined I ' nnehinello ' s choice of Jerome K. .lefonie ' s " The Passing of the Thu-d F for its oHerinji for the ' ear. The ])lay is an old one and tin- selection was nnide contrary to that precedent set sity dramatie clnhs which reipiires pickin.u something of recent date. Hut it fitted clnl) " s personnel and offered such excellent oi)porlnnity for character work that the m.iili- des|)ite its age. le lox ' c and that deter- loor Hack " hy Univer- se) well the choice was i 1 I ' ugr Jo9 Krafft I ' •! nirniii I. . I ' fli rsim Monson Robertson } ' nr oii . i Lynskey Thybtrg Maharhik Mender Kilpatrick Liese Kroiiiclc Beran Fiirber Hurley Erck Rankin Carlson Carman li ' ise Rmidy Siri t Dungay Garzon Maagoon Koppe Greene Selson Scoll Ileins Teal Prirhard d rrsn, Keller Mvrsr li ' aldor Taylor Silverman Jones K. Ohon G. Johnson Ober Woo Hendrickson Beslor tt ' ells GuUette THE ARABS An Orijaiiizalioii Composed of Male Students in the Technical Colleges. OFFICERS Clarenxe Teal President Theodore Prichard V. President Harold Heins Secretary George Bestor Treas. and Has. Manager ASSOCIATE MEMBERS C. Anderson E. H. Erck Lawrence Erskine Kenneth Ferguson Robert GuUette Frank Jacobson Ra ' ni(Uifl Keller P. Kilpatrick Gerald Kronick A. B. Martin R. F. Mahachek Manual Monsen Carl (. ' . Xelson (ieorge Ober George Pearson Kennefic Robertson Gage Taylor Clarence Thjberg Kenneth Wells Howard Woo ACTIVE MEMBERS George Bestor Louis Bevin Lyie Borst Clarence Burley H. D. Cameron Joel Carlson Jack Carman Arthur Christensen Thomas Caswell H. Dungay Roscoe Furber Page 260 Alfred Greene Hugo Hanft Philip Hartmann Harold Heins Edwin Hendrickson Anton Johnson George Johnson Richard Jones Walter Kendall David Koppe Edwin Krafft Murray Lanpher Herbert Liese Philip Lynskey Herbert Maagoon Glen Meader Ralph Montguniery Albert Morse Alden Olds Clarence Olson Kenneth Olson George Peterson Lloyd Peterson Theodore Prichard Dean Rankin Arthur Ruddy Richard Scott Isttdore Silverman Glanville Smith Oswald Stageberg Edward Stauffacher Samuel Sutherland Donald Swift RIQUIQUI Hi (jlanvillc Smith. Presented April IS, 192 J,. THE CAST Captain Coi-fman oJ the S. S. Lotus Delta Ferdinand Fagotti Archie Teck Esau Faigelle Eddy Kirntz . Clothilda Bezzemaii RlQl ' IQL ' I, a sea sprite Aenemone .... Spindrift .... Seashine .... Bubble .... Emperor Jones, Davy I, ruler of the seren seaa Lord High, locker up of Danj Jones ' locker . The Earl of Arch-Artichoke, keeper of roj al archires The Earl of Arch-Anchovy, elucidatur th Shadow of Emperor Executioner Mauley Monson Thomas Caswell David K()i |) Donald Swift Koinicth Ferguson Lawrence Erskine Howard Woo Gerald Krouick Porter Kil]jatrick Frank Jacohson Carl C. Nelson Clarence W. Teal Edward Erck Raymond Keller ereof Murray Lan])her . Arthur Ruddy . Arthur Christen.sen Sailor ' s Chorus: Edward Hendrickson. Jack Carman, William Rose. Murrai Lanpher. Edirard Erck. Phillip Lynskey, Herbert Dungay. Gilinan Holien, Arthur Christettsen, H ' illiam Townes, Kenneth Olson and John Borrowinan. Chorus of Xereids and Mermen: Edward Hendrickson. Jack Carman. William Townes. ]] ' illiam Rose. Phillip Lynskey. Oilman Holien, Ross Mahachek, Kenneth Olson, John Borrowman and Edn-in Krafft. Page iiOl OFFICERS Carltox Nemi.le Mark Severance . Eleanor Cederstrom J. Harold Baker . I ' rofideni V. President See ret dry Treasurer 3. Harold Baker Jul Baumaiin Merlin ( " arlock Helen Cross MEMBERS Eleanor ( ' ederstroni Ariel MacXauphtdn l)ini; val Marion Jones Carlton Neville l eone Berye Xunan Mark Severance Arthur Tanewitz Edgar AVeaver Alonzo Wilcox NATIONAL COLLEGIATE PLAYERS is a nati..nai honorary dramatic fraternity or- ganized for the ])nr]iosc of stimulating amateur dramatics including acting, stage design, ])Iay writing, directing and other fields of the theater. Its aim is to assist in raising the standards of American drama hy encouraging college men and women to enter the ])rofessional field. Its members are cln)sen on a basis of dramatic work performed at tlie university or college. Organized at linnesota in 1922 under the name of Pi Ejisilon Delta, the fraternity has in two years developed into the leading tlrainatic organization on the cam])us. The fraternity sponsors an annual ])lay-writing contest, ottering ])rizes for the best original work i)roduced by students of Minnesota. In 1923 Pi Ei)silon Delta affiliated with another honorary fraternity of a similar nature and is now known as National Collegiate Players. Soon after the affiliation the fraternity became a ])roducing organization and presented the first Anieri -an production of Lord Dunsany ' s " Tf " . The performance marked a new era in dramatics at Minnesota and, due to the combined co-operation of all the lanipus clubs, it was of such a calibre as to draw very favoralile comment from eastern as well as local critics. Aside from its ])roduction activities National Collegiate Players has charge of, as part of its program, the .securing of nationally known (jersons connected with the theater, to speak infor- mally to the dramatic students. During the last two years it has .sponsored the appearance of Miss Ninita Bristow of the Duluth Stock co mi)any. Miss F ' loreuce Reed of " Lullaby " , Mr. Charles Gilpin of " Eni|jeror Jones " , Mr. Percy Ilcming and Mr. Arthur Wymi of the " Beggars ' Opera " , and Miss Elizabeth Adams Stewart of the Milwaukee Stock company. These informal talks by such nationally known dramatists have been of inestimable value to the students in the profes- sional vein of the theater, its oi)portunities. and its problems. Page 262 PEXHAL OCCA IONJ OLD NORTHROP FIELD, faithful to the last, truly never serve.! Letter the Maroon and Gold than on that crisp autumn day of the 1923 Homeconiinf;- when Minnesota wrested from Iowa a well-fought and well-earned game. With stands hlled to the last seat and standing room at a premium, gaily flying colors, rhythmical cheers and rife enthusiasm, Minnesota ' s cherished eleven waged such a contest as will be set down in her ann als as the mark of a new epoch of glory. The old field in passing will be remembered long by alumni and students who saw born there again, as a last parting tribute, the spirit of Minnesota. A truer Gopher welcome was never given than that which greeted the old " alums " who came back on this " day-of-all-days " to view once more the cherished scenes of their youth. They turned back the pages of their lives, buried the present and resurrected their ne ' er-to-be-forgotten college days of the past for a moment of joyous indulgence. They came back and they found the old spirit, the old pep-fest, and even some of the old yells. They were feted and ban- queted, and repeatedly shown around the campus by zealous sons who forgot that dad himself was a Go])her back in ' 98. And they left again joyous in the achievement of their school, but saddened a little In- the recollection of those luippy college days which graduation has put behind them forever. Consumed, as they were, with the fire of victory, their sjiirits were dampened by neces- sarily having to renounce, in leaving, that spell which Minnesota casts over every one of her sons and daughters. For it was not the blare and glare of Homecoming, not the ])arade, nor the banquet, nor the decorations, nor even the game which i)rompted them to return. These were excuses. It was the call of youth, the old friendships, the old familiar faces, the scenes and spirit of by-gone college days which brought them back, and which will bring them back every Homecoming as long as this fine tradition shall last. As a fitting culmination to tlie long train of historic Homecomings at Minnesota, the celebra- tion in November of 1923 saw the end of the old era and the beginning of the new. No more will Minnesota fight on faithful old Northrop field. Dnnuhi (i. Xiininiii, Chairman tf g rij i s eI The Croivd at the Homecoming Game Page 264 Severance Archibald Van Fo.s HOMECOMING COMMITTEES Button Sales Dorance Ryerse (liainnan Roger Gurley Assistant Button Design Kdwin Krafft Chairman Carl Wise Publicity Robert Van Fossen Chairman Harol.i Grill Jean McMillan Ralph Williamson Douglas Hunt John ' an Camp )rl Wilkins Entertainment Lida Jury Chairman Ruth Snialley Lucille Webster Bertha Gilbertson Balloon Sales Liila Jury Chairman Ellen Fleming Helen Woods Violet Peterson June Crysler Lulu Hans en Margaret Morris Finance James Bohan Chairman Paul Peterson Eleanor Piper Special Arrangements Paul Peterson Reynold Cote Executive Donald Neuman Chairman Leonard Mahbott James Hohan Jean Archil)ald Paul Peterson Eleanor Piper Decorations Mark Severance Chairman Glanville Smith Designer Registration and IVelcome Minton Anderson Chairman R. I{a lemacher O. XL Nordrum Edward Hennen H. Langman Douglas Hunt Stunts Edwin Adamson Chairman Gilbert Mears Murray Lanpher Kenneth Bros Jack Munroc Paul Remington Parade John Moore Chairman George Berry Wendell Cut ' liff Edwarfl Hennen Donald Brunner Sepli Witts Ernest Cole George Mork Raymond Grose Edwin Nelson Loyd Kendrick Lawrence Peterson Information Eleanor Piper Chairman Marion Tippcrj ' Marjorie White Leonore Andrist Ruth Snialley Adelaide Stenhaug Florence Riley A da n Piper Jury Bohan Page 265 CHARTER DAY JC St Jr. ;tt. 1 tl MINNESOTA is comparatively a young institution. Yet few are the people now livini; who witnessed its emergence from those first days of uncertainty into a well-established, continuous institution. Success today has rewarded the efforts of those pioneers and veterans whose labors have helped the progress of education at Minnesota. Accomplishment is the return for effort; but the INIaroon and (iold has risen and would further betoken her a])pre- ciation antl esteem. So on February 14, Dr. William Watts Folwell ' s ninety-first birthday and the Thursday nearest the anniversary of the actual granting of the charter, yhich was February 18, 1868, thirty-nine silver-haired veterans, possessing over thirty years of service as faculty members or staff employees, were honored by a special convocation . The Armory was filled wdth students and faculty as a fitting tribute to those men and women whose associations with the University have been of the firmest kintl and whose paths have been directed only toward service. Charter Day, on the birthday of our first jiresident, was the outward significance of our gratitude to those founders and builders of this university. THE ROLL OF HONOR Amos W. Abbott William Appleby Richard O. Beard John W. Bell Andrew Boss Peter Christianson Edwin A. Cuzner Harry Dixon William H. Doty John F. Downey James M. Drew Charles A. Erdmann Ina Firkins Oscar Firkins Henry J. Fletcher William W. Folwell George B. Frankforter Theophilus L. Haecker John HoFF L N John Corrin Hutchinson E. Bird Johnson William H. Kirchner Frederick Klaeber Thomas G. Lee Francis P. Leavenworth Archibald McLaren John G. Moore Henry F. Nachtrieb Oscar W. Oestlund . lfred Owre James Paige Joseph B. Pike Myron H. Reynolds Charles E. Riggs George D. Shepardson Charles F. Sidener Oscar A. Weiss jVL TILDA J. W ILKIN Frederick J. Wulling Pose 66 To MINNESOTA ' S already Ijir c list of fiiu ' traditions iiiiisl now he added anotlier. The precedent lias heeu set. What finer practice conid exist than a greeting, a true extension of sympathetic feeling, a genuine welcome to those new friends who come from their tried and known life into this strange complication of affairs called college life? The Frosh Welcome jiroved so successful last fall that there seems no doulil of its coni inning as a traditional occasion each year. The freshmen were assemhled and received with opvn hearts and outstretched hands. They were made to feel liiat this campus, l)uildings, this institu- tion is theirs, and that as they give so shall they receive. They were taken into the fold, wel- comed as fellow men and women. Minnesota sl)irit, that element so vague and iiitangihle for the freshman, was last- ingly hreathed into his heing hy cheers of greeting and stirring (ioplier songs which came deep from the hearts of six thousand loyal up]jerclassmen at this welcome. As the freshmen marched in Northroj) Field led hy the hand they were hailed and acclaimed by the older students assemhled there. It is such a demonstration as this that means more to a first year man than anything words might say. It seals the hond of friendship. remov -. that veneer of strangeness, excites their iandalile amiiitions. and makes of tiiem true, lo. al Minne- sotans. irosh S ret ion Prt ' .ri Sprah.y Tdhliii flir iittfli of l.fif tillif In M iiint ' sntn Page 267 ENGINEER ' S Day at liniiesota affords an oj)ijortiinity for a college of one thousand men to demonstrate to the University the unique characteristics potent in its makeup. From the date of its start at the university of Missouri in 1903, the Day has grown rapidly in national significance until at ])resent it holds a position among the foremost of all larger University celebrations. The whole display bears witness itself of the witty and the solemn, the dignified and the burlesque, the esthetic and the not so esthetic engineer. Two hours of open house, where all were permitted to view the " inside dope " on engineering principles and projects furnished a most fitting curtain raiser for the 1924 Engineers " Day on Friday, April the twenty-fifth. The parade was led through the university campus at noon by St. Patrick and the Engineering Queen. For the first time in the history of Engineers ' Day at Minne- sota, the knighting ceremonies were conducted on the campus knoll. The inherent impressive features of the ceremony were greatly aided by this natural setting. At the sunlite and green tea the engineers were hosts to the University at large and to their engineering alumni. Hundreds of names were added to the alumni registration record. Miss Helen Sjoblom, the Queen of the Day, reigned in full glory throughout the evening at the engineers ' ball, the premier event in engineering social activities of the year. The grand march was led by Archie McCrady, elected to the oflSce of St. Patrick by the senior engineers, and the Queen. Second in line were N. Ted Waldor, Chairman of the Day, and his jjartner. Miss Ruth Hildebrandt. The decorations of the Minnesota Union ballroom were distinctively unique and original. Dancing tarried far into the night — and another engineering effort became history. Ted M ' olilvr. (lint Page 268 THE CHEERS wliicli issuefl from tlu- throats of luiiidrrds of lusty students and cnllnisiastip onlookers, as President Lotus D. Cofi ' man took the first s])adeful of eartli from the stadium site one fair INIarch afternoon of this year, have a deeper significance than the mere volume or range of the proportions which they assumed on that day. In that ring of voices there was a dominant chord; a note of triumph carried through each reverberating echo as powerful, though unseen, as the undertow of a river. Minnesota ' s traditions, her fighting sjjirit, lier loyalty, valor and honesty, have all come back. They led the Stadium-Auditorium Drive on to success, and they will be carved immeniorially in the masonry of a stadium dedicated " to the soldiers of Minnesota, who by their sacrifice in the World War made ever bright the glory of their native state. " Surely among those present at this ceremony on ] Iarch 6 there could not have been one who did not feel the warm blood of pride and loyalty in his veins as he stood with a thousand other loyal students, hat in hand, and sang " Hail Minnesota " . Surely among the more imaginative of them there must have been some who visioned towering there in the midst of that un[)rodnctive earth the imposing walls and curves of our stadium, the physical embodiment of Minnesota ' s reinvigorated s])irit. And as alumni, they who cheered as Prexy broke the first ground with his historic spade may return to future Homecomings not in faithful old Xorthro]) field, but in a new bowl justly due our fighting Gophers. As alumni they may reflect upon that unforgetable day when they heli)ed make the stadium ])ossible and witnessed its transition from plan to fact. Now as the stadium work progresses with each succeeding day, as that edifice, which will harbor the glory and spirit of Minnesota, slowly rears its imi)0sing outline toward the clear northern skies, the significance of those cheers given on that crisp March afternoon is brought out in its nuiterial aspect. r p .-: i " " r i ? j9r ' Vrcxif Turns the first ShonlfuH rage 269 h-Mal, S)ni(L ' trnni Xdliiniiil Chawps Schtirfrr irixtrh) Sealli (a II li 1-1,1 Frokjir STOCK JUDGING TEAMS MiniR ' sota ' s dairy juilf;iiifi team (if tlii ' Collotjc of Auriculturc hroufilit faiiu- and ])re.stige 111 its I ' niversity last f:dl at the National Dairy show at Syracuse, New York. After jtlacing seventh in a field of ten teams at the Waterloo Dairy Cattle Congress at Waterloo, Iowa, in September, the team made a spectacular comeback and won the sweepstakes cup for the highest score in judging dairy cattle at the National Dairy show in comj)etition with twenty- eight other collegiate judging teams from agricultural colleges all oxer the I ' liited States and Canada. Minnesota ' s College of Agriculture swine judging team placed fifth in the collegiate judg- ing contest held in conjunction with the National Swine show at Peoria, Illinois, last October. . mes took first honors. Ten teams were entered. Forrest Immer of the Minne- .sota team was fourth highest in the individual scoring of the fifty competing student judges. The livestock judging team took tenth place in a field of nineteen in the judging contest held in conjunction with the International Livestock show at Chicago last December. Kansas won the contest. Lirfstorh Jiidginy Team Sill lie . iiiliji tiij Tram Page 270 1 :v ' .u? " " v - .JJ - mV J - dk .. ' : . )h r SOCIETY iiijo Ilaiifl Adelaide Stenhaug THE JUNIOR BALL OFFICERS Hugo Hanft Elsie Prins Kathleen Murphy Nobel Shadduck .... • President I ' . President Secretari Treasurer Un,siir])a.ssed in the history of such functions at the University of Minnesota was the Junior Ball of 1924 held at the Hotel " Radisson on Feb. 21 and led by Mr. Hugo Hanft and Miss Ade- laide Stenhaug. Though economy and democracy were the watch-words of the committees in charge, the ])arty was so skilfully managed as to be the most brilliant ati ' air of many seasons. _ " ' ) Igi _ m M I H U flSl l ' - r • t ■ v onn t iSHMi Nobel Slidddiick mid Elhubelh Martin Page 272 Elbridge Bragdon and Katliieen Murphy General Amnujement. ' i Harry Dorati Chtiirman Wilson Kerr Philip Hart man Einar Anderson Maurice Lowe Floor Ted Cox Chairman Harrv Abbott Paul Orth Chester Gay Elliot Ludvigsen Banqnet Bernard Larpenteur Chairman Franklin Cray Evelyn Nelson Harriet Dew Steinar Hanson Invitations Elbridge Bragdon Chairman Mary ' . Sprcclu ' r Kalhleen (icumu ' l Helen McHealh John Bracket t Patron» and Patronesses Alice M. Connelly Chairman Charles Beard Alfred Holmes Jean MacMillan Entertainment Francis Collins Chairman Sally Matthews Mary Barnard Mildred Busch fnsic Webster Johnson Chairman Calvin Aurand Jo Meagher Dorothy J. Chapman Drcorations Cly.le Liglilcr ( ' hair man Faith Hall Dorothy Kurtzman Allen Rivkin Puhlicitji Clarence Tormoen Chairman Willis Tompkins Lenore Lowenberg Phillip Elliot Finance Will C. Reed Chairman Austin Grimes Ernest Cole Roger Miller Programs Raymond Keller Chairman Leslie Buck Alt ' reda Davis Carl Schjoll Auditing Lloyd ' ye Chairman James Mulvey Robert Cranston Florence Nippert Printing Tom Hawkes Chairman Oswald French Ral]))! Rotnem Noreen Wentworth Tickets Clarence Pearson Chairma i Alfred Partridge Ted Waldor Victor Reim Refreshments Clement TuncU Chairman Theodora Hillstrom Harold Beliveau Irene Scow Elsie Pi Harry Doraii Page 273 I Erma Schvrr Alfrid Grffne THE SENIOR PROM The Senior Prom of the Chiss of 1924, one of the premier soiial events of the year, was given at the State Capitol May 9. As a distinct innovation in past practices, the s])acioiis accommoda- tions of the Ca|)itol hnikiing were secured. The grand march was led by Alfred Greene, all- senior class president, with Miss Erma Schurr as his guest. SF.XIOR PROM (OMMITTEKS a CHI ' ml Arrniuji ' uniits Stiuirt Willscin I liainnan Eleanor Piper Ouris ( ' . Villiams Karl Martineau Ji)hii Moore Paironvsses Jean Arehihalrl Chairman Mildred . lmen Lucille Webster Marv (oehrane Rvith Smalley Music Rosroe Furljer Chainnaii Marjorie Wliite Paul Wilke KInier Jones Herbert Liese Banquet Donald Xeuman Chairman Aimee White Leonard Mabbotl Joseptiine Moffetl Frederirk (irose Publicitji . lbert Toiisley Chtlirninn Kathleen S])rcnd Lillian Borreson Alex Miller Ashiir White Entertainiufiit Merlin Carloek Chairman Ruth (Inrley Florence Sparks Carleton Neville Frank Ross Decorations William Wollett ( ' hair tint a l)..rolhy iSrink . lvin Fuhriiian Lida Jury Harold Westerman Tickets Clarence Teal (liairman Fred Oster Adeline Feig Leslie Case Frank Poinl Programs James Bohan Chairman Leonore . ndrist FVances Supple Harold Baker Frank Hanft Press Alice Bartel Chairman John Mortland Lewis Turner Maude McMahon Harley Landman Int ' itutinns Thomas Cantield Chairman Margaret Krueger Edwin Sylvester Oliver . as Hugh MaeOonahl Finance Ray Johnson Chairman Helen Cross Barnard Jones Xiel Morton Philip I?erf]uist A nditintj Vernon Miller Chairman Herman Wiecking Edward Stautfachcr Irving Marshman Ingolf Friswold Floor Lyie M ' Leland ( ' hairman Irma Ericksen Mark Severance Louis Cross Mil.-s Dahlen Printing E. Clinton Merrill Chairman Fred Sackett NathaTi Coggleshell tieorge Pigott Rav Ekiund Page 2 Doiliflils M ■( uUoiHjIl Litlll. r .s. Inlihup MILITARY BALL OF 1924 Sj on.-:()rc(l hji ( ' (Uhjhiiii li, 1st Hrii ' nnvnt. Scalihard and Bladr. THE ANNTAL Military Ball was --iveii this year at the Curtis Hotel on Jan. I!S. It was led hy A. Douglas McCuUougli and his guest. Miss Louise Scheldnip. At twelve-thirty supjier was served to the guests, with varied entertainment between courses- Dancing was continued after sujjper until the playing of ' " Taijs " gave the signal for the ileparture in the wee small hours. Dress uniforms, which pre ailed among the cadets, and military decoration gave the party an atmosphere which will not soon he forgotten. OFFICERS . . Douglas McClllouch I ' n-sidi nt IIoW.XRD V. ZeiDLER r. I ' ri ' sidnd Edward StauffaCHER Treasurer Earl B. Krihhen COMMITTEES ( ' hiiiriiKiii (ieneral ArrdiK i ' iiients TleL-els Edward Staiiflacher Chairman Leslie Buck Douglas MacGregor Stanley Travis Carleton Neville Edward Clark Sam Reno Refreshinenis N. Ted Waldor Chairniaii Leslie .Vndcrson Paul Mellinglon Lawrence I ' clerson I ' lihlirilij I{i( liardson Rome Chairman Howard Zeidler Herbert Kielkopf Deeiirations Stanley McKay Chairman Lorenzo Anthony Norman Anderson I ' rdj rarns Hugo Erickson Chairman Robert B. AMiilney Eai ' l llenrikson Fage S75 ROUNDS of dances and other social activities which occupy the intervals between the major events, such as the Junior Ball, have been a marked success during the year 1923-24. Attendance has been greater, entertainment better, and students have participated with a finer spirit of enthusiasm and fun than ever l)efore. Most of these events are traditional in the University, and are similar in character to each other. Prominent on the social calendar are the Sunlites given in the Minnesota Union on Satur- days when the athletic teams play at other schools, and on some additional occasions. Perhaps the biggest Sunlite of the year was the one given on Saturday, March 15, sponsored by the Knights of the Northern Star. A combination musical and clown parade in the morning helped to swell the large attendance in the afternoon. Altogether the dance was a gala affair and marks an epoch in the social history of the school. During the Fall Quarter the Y. M. C. A. and the Y. W. C. A. combined to put on one of the peppiest parties the cloistered walls of the " Y " have ever witnessed. These get-togethers have been given every year at about Hallowe ' en time and have become a veritable tradition. Pi Alpha, art fraternity, staged a jinx ])arty in the winter quarter. It was in the form of a masquerade ball and is planned as an annual event. Best known among the minor social activities is the " Common Peepul ' s Ball " which comes on the same night as the Junior Ball. Contributing towards the success of the event this year were the numerous stunts, the " beer and pretzels " which constituted the rather novel food, and the ten-piece orchestra furnishing the music. The affair was held in the new ballroom of the Minnesota Union which was elaborately decorated for the occasion. The Pi Alpha Jinx Page 376 Hii III) I ■d M Li, TH K ( )l{ ' ril aii l iiniMirlancc ol ' nuisic in the lives of students and I ' acult y in a ureat university is not nieasureahle, tliough ery ])lainly apparent. Music is no Ioniser ref arded as an es- thetic pastime into which only a chosen few are permitted to delve. It is more and more liecomini; the means of exi)ression and enjoyment for humanity at larj e. In the good " old " day.s, i)erha]js the level of understanding of this most beautiful form of art was on a higher plane, but in universalizing music, has not the more widespread understanding of music more than recomijensed for tlie slightly lowered level!- ' When an individual reaches college, he has begun to reach a maturity of mind that tells him what is good and what is necessary to best enjoy life. In music he finds the exi)ression of the inspired soul finding utterance; voices telling of tlie joy, sorrow, jniin, passion, and inspiration in life. Aside from the enjoyment received from hearing the best music, the imjiortance of its consideration as an art to be studied alongside the other arts of scul])ture, painting, and literature should be noted. Even as great literature is an index and a correct medium by which to study the history of the time in which it was written, so also is music found to be the reflection of the iiolitical, economic and spiritual forces of the times and the nation where it is brought forth. Although the study of mu.sic is not made possible in many of our state institutions, Minnesota has shown great foresight in the recognition of the imjjortance of the study of this art and has for some twenty years nurtured a school of music that has now reached such a stature that it can stand in its place among any of the nationally recognized schools of nuisic. It has been made possible for a student to make his major sequence music and yet receive a liberal education in the other cultural subjects. The student may make broader his •iewpoint and intellect by a simultaneous study of literature, or .science, or other arts along with his music study. Just as in all fields of living, the most successful man — the most successful in hajipy living. I mean — is the man of a broad and cultural education, so the musician must also be broadened by a knowl- edge of life and thought in fields other than his own. The musician of tomorrow must not l)e the narrow-minded one-tra( k individual with no interest in other vocations. It is the brain well-trained in other academic ])ranches of learning and with ympathies toward all professions that seek the unknown goal of happiness, that will make the discerning and able musician of the future. It should be the ideal of all art to exjiress the very best of all thoughts of life, ll should emulate the jjerfection of the masters; at least the goal should be perfection. The nation is becoming well aware of the imioitaiK e of a musical taste, and our state educational departments are slowly getting a ])rograui under way that points toward our having a greater national musical ai)preciation. Now, many agencies are making possible a future understanding of this art, that is so clo.sely bound to the hai)piness of mankind. The wide reaching effect of the ijlionograjjli with its wealth of good music recordings, tlie founding of great civic on hestras and opera (oinp.inies. the de- mands for better music in kwv theatres, and the popularizing of the concerts by the great inter- i)reters of music are stirring the people toward a belter unilerslanding of nnisic. Page 27S y ui •u ' lIXTAin Oi ' ' Cy iey j juml Vaqe 270 An organization of men and women students established to foster good fellowship and further tlie interests of the Music Department. OFFICERS Elaine Bayard Grace Whittet Frederick Hughart President V. President Sec-Treasurer A spirit exists among the students of the Music School which is practically unparalleled in the other colleges and departments of the university. This spirit is a spirit of friendliness, acquain- tanceship and mutual understanding linked by the bonds of mu.sic and truly welded into an harmonious symphony by the Music Club. This club has nourished, fostered, and cherished the spirit of good fellowship throughout its existence. During the past year this organization has introduced the new members of the department to their new surroundings, environment, friends and teachers through a banquet attended by the faculty as well as the students, weekly recitals by the members of the club through- out the entire year and a big family picnic which is an annual event of the Music School and looked forward to bv all manv months in advance. II:umari Gallugfier Miller Kfnrin Karon M ' olpcrl Adolfsoii More Ftirber Bros Aherif Citmmins Block- Pcderson Satiler Fitrit PomerleiiH Strand Hojfman Davidson Larson S ' dson Almquist Wciherbee Martin Carlson Hanson Hovey MacDoiiald Price Phillips Olsson Catur Stone Janscn Brown Larson Stone Melander Sondergaard Behrens Huuhart Bayard Laramy Lehviann Brustuen Makiesky Thomas Thykeson Lindgren Page 380 OFFICERS Robert Swanson I ' rcsidrnt Marion Bassett Sec.-Treax. Louis Savter Librarian Elaine Bayard Marion Bassett O. M. Bjeldanes Mildred Buzzell Elizabeth Colwell H. Erickson Mrs. Ferguson Eleanor Cedcrstrom Walter Bloch Herbert Hendricks Lester Booth Professor Brooks MEMBERS VIOLIN Theodore (ioldniann Helen Besser Hall James P. Lee (). H. Lee Dorothy Loekwood Inez Melander Lawrence Meyers VIOLA Theodore M. Finney CELLO Ross Lee Finney HORN J. Pepin BASS OBOE FLUTE Theodore M. Berman TROMBONE Flovd Nielsen Ingolf Kvalc (ilenn Larson Virfjinia Hicks 11. I ' rpin Morris Katzoft ' Louis Lanibcrton Paul Oberf. ' Walter Ilods.son CLARINET BASSOON TRUMPET PERCUSSION .Misiin McBcan Marie Rybak Louis Sauter Rose Schaettegen Pauline Schmitt Hester Sondergaard A. Tueve Jacob Greenberg E. Wilcoxan Axel Wivorg Abbot Wolf Robert Swanson Patience Kidd A. M. Hnskins Page 2S1 oset ' o ' miuji- c ' Xrelsler c faSc la. S ryu S cA irr nfi (6 t r£ c Srn-a ' aAtns i ' f ' ViUJI- M ' ori-MERS E. (i. KlI.LEEN ReEFA (i. TORDOFF Alberta Martin Hazei. Cati k Sibyl Thomp cin DoSL DlETi . Verna Steel Dinrlor Fit! n ( .s7 Presiileiit ] ' . President Sec- Treaa. Librarian Hifsine.s. i Manaijer Ardis (air Hazel (atiir Dosia Dictz 1ST S()I I!A ( Ge()rf;ia Forhfs (liailuttc .loliiisini Ruth (iiirlrv Marsarrt Ilciwatt ili-lri) Lf-liniaii Mat- MaiDonalil Mat- Pliillips Margaret Tlnnnas Margery Weikerl . ' n S()1 1!AN() Graee Hi. -nil,. H ' Rlltll Dalll Helen Hrnw BHIv lilK-k Lni-ille KiUTiLinl Marion Hovey Miriiini llnhn Angclitif Davis Helen K. Jarvis K I .a I la -Iiiliar Neva Sherer 1ST ALT(» Hernadette Kerwjn Ada Lieliennari !tea trier Thykestm Sihvl Tlnini:isnn AIi)erta Martin Frances Sjiangler Thelma liowers Dorothy ( ' oolidaf 2ND ALTO Kvalyn Erifson riulma Mikkelson Min ' iel Furgeson Hennie I 4 ' terson Flizaltetli Feini.aeli Norma Happ Verna Sti-el Helen TviiHSon Hiruhuif :oi,!uiii Duhl Furniml Lihiharh lirmrn Johnson Dans J III ill r ( iirr Ltlimiiii Thomas (iurhj J arris Thymrson Forhrs lloiiutl ThukisuH liurk Horn, . t iif Diniiilil Hourrs Phillips Wrilctrl Kiririn Dietz Tonloff ' (ill II r Martin Sir. I Thompson ChiinhiU Spaiifllrr Page 83 THE UNIVERSITY BAND With a hundred antl twenty men on the roll book the University Band began one of its most successful years in tiie fall of 1923. The appearance of that number of men in full uniform has been a stirring sight. The appointment in 1919 of Mr. Jalma as director marked a definite period in the history of Minnesota bands. Two .separate bands were formed — military and concert, with distinct programs. In 1920 an agreement was reached whereby the members agreed to furnish their own uniforms, and in return thirty scholarships were to be awarded each year to upperclassmen and soloists. The popularity of the Twilight Concerts ' given in the spring from the Library steps was proved by the literal overcrowding of the campus knoll on Friday evenings. One of the most notable triumphs of the year was the success attained by the Band Orchestra and its Friday noon concerts. The concert at St. Olaf college, Northfield, was warmly received and highly praised by the student body and officials there. During Easter vaca- tion a distinct advantage was nuide in the popularity of the Band liy its week ' s engage- ment at the Ca]uto! tiieatre in St. Paul and a week at the State theatre in Minneapolis. This year fifteen gold keys were awarded to the graduating seniors and twenty to the men who graduate in 1925. Phi Sigma Phi, the honorary band fraternity, is composed of upperclassmen and has for its oltject the formulation and execution of plans for the further advancement of the Band. - iAr- .n— Michael M. Jain Director Page S84 HoBART Yates . Robert Swanson James Honey . Leroy Wolff . Carl Anderson Lyle Berghs Fred Dahle Harold Delaker Wilbur Hadden Selmar Dahl Dean Affleck William Crow Roy Irons O. Russel Jenson Forrest Espenson Harrv Hilstrom Arthur Berndt John Connor Donald Despard Raymond l- ' owicr Waller Barker Rnssi ' l Brown Hubert Fink Roseoe Furber Bake Cirahaiii Ki ' iiaslon .laedli ( ireerd)erj FLEUGEL HORN Paul Ubcrg Evening Band Concert PERSONNEL OF THE BAND OFFICERS . President CLIFFORD LusH r. President Fkancis MungeR . . Treasurer Herbert Liese . Secretari Morris Katzoff TRUMPETS Lyder Laugeson lelvin Levin— Solo Harold Passaneau Wayne Poole James Redding Harold Rathbun BARITONES Barret Rogers-.So o Bernard I ' hlin TROMBONES Ralph Peterson Lester Robson Barrett Rogers ( lavton Rohrer DRUMS (lordon Marcuson Henry Hanson William Hofer James Honey- Bert ram Hovey Miland Knapp Ole Kristofferson John Geis Otto Ringle Theophil Jerabek Orvill Johnson Harvey Meyer Floyd Nielsen-.S ' o o Fred Kapple Wallace Laugeson-So o Kenneth Jorgenson Morris Katzort " Frank Kilbern Russel Lempke Ralph Peterson CLARINETS Joe Lushene Jesse Xehring Charles Nelson Oscar Olson Eugene Oredson SAXOPHONES Manager Librarian Drum Major Asst. Director Waller Rice Laverne Rohrer Irwin Smetana Norman Swendsoa George Townsend Joseph Urdahl Hobart Yates John Roth Michael Steker Wilbert Yaeger George Piersol Ingolf Quale Charles Sweet Clinton Rohrer Richard Schacht Richard Tollefsrud Abbott Wolf Julian Garzon Abe Haveson Alton Hill Louis Lindenberg Leslie Llnclou M. H. Mauson IIenr ' Meiers Panl ' li. Nelson George Pulkrabek BASSES Harolil Ranstad Ray Smith Wallace Thaxton Clarence Thyborg Lawrence Zelney John Bannovelz Thalman Frelhein Ervin McPherson Bernard Heinzen-.So o Dyr.l Kirk HORNS Joe Pint LIBRARIANS Herbert Liese Drum Major Clilfnrd K. Lush Leroy olff-.So o Francis Munger Louis Sauter PICCOLO AND FLUTE James McCully-No u BASSOON Robert Swanson-iSo o Page 385 ' ■ ' ■ ■. ' ■ " VilSv ' vA L- I ' UI, JM, D By Colonel Girard Shirferaiil URING tlie fifty-five years that military training has been established at this institution, the Military De|)artinent has undergone a gradual nietamorjihosis, having developed from a wavering exi)eriment into a most stable and important organization. For nearly a score of years after the foundation of the University in 1852, there was appar- ently no attempt towards military training, the first record being found in the report of the Board of Regents in 1869. In this year facilities for instruction in drill and military tactics were pro- vided, and Professor R. W. Johnson, Major General j. S. A., was secured to take charge of the department. The State had furnished a complete outfit of arms and equip- ment — and a cannon. The students were organized into a batallion of two com])anies — drill and the wearing uf uniforms was optional, however. The year 1870 is reported to have been a very successful one under General Johnson. " [Military exercises " were made obligatory for all male students, unless excused by the faculty. Only those who declared their intention of completing a course of study were entitled to wear the uniform of the military corps. The schedule of instruction wa.s divided into two liarts: (a) Military Studies, which included military engineering, the art of war and military law; (b) Military Exercises, which included Infantry tactics. Artillery tactics, and Cavalry tactics. The students were organized into a battalion of four companies, which drilled every day. Military training was suspended, however, in the following year — General Johnson having been retired. It was not until 1873 that instruction under 1st Lieutenant Ely L. Huggins was resumed. Then it was confined oidy to the warm season, as there were no facilities for indoor drill. Lieutenant Huggins was relieved in the following year. At this time a recommendation was made that military science be abolished unless a suit- able drill hall could be built. 1st Lieuten- ant John A. Lundeen was detailed at the close of the year 1876, but military training was not re-established until 1877 when it was resumed under this officer and continued throughout the follow- ing year. Two years then elap.sed, during which time there appears to have been no officer on duty at the University and no record of military instruction. In the fall of 1881, Captain Edgar C. Bowen, U. S. A. Retired, was hired by the University as Registrar and Professor of Military Science, and remained on duty in this capacity until March, 1884, when lie resigned. The Morrill Act bec-ame a law on Juh ' 2, 1882, from which time military instruc- tion was to have Federal supervision. No development of interest occurred from this time until 1911. By an act of June, 1916, the R. O. T. C. Page 288 Major lie ■d I.citt- y uiiderliek ] atroiifi Watnuii Rutherford was e,stalilislic l under Major (leorj; . Moses and Ironi this time on llic military inslnirtor stafl ' became niaterially increased. During the college year 19I()-17 tliere were four officers and five sergeants in the Department of Military Science and ' I ' actics, which was operated under (Jeneral Orders No. 49, War nei)arlment lUKl. The R.O. T. ( ' . establishment continued until the fall of lOlS. In August, lUlS, the War Dcparlmcnt decided to niobilize every element of sirciiiith in the tuition for wai and stalf of c ( ' r ])ur])oses, rc])nt.ili]e Hil- mnn Unll Farrdl Ti rlisen Spt ' i ' CC Ro.sf Cnninii as a part of this general policy, decided lo utilize the e(|uipmcnt ■gc and uni ( ' rsity for the training of soldiers. Accordingly, the l{. (). T. ( ' . was temi)orarily superseiled by I he Students ' Arm ' ' I ' raining Corjjs. Every si udent over eighteen years of age was to be an actual soldier in the United States .Vriny, and receive S30.()() i)er month as j)ay. He was to live under strict military disciiiline in barracks; his uniform, housing, and sub- sistence were to be paid for by the (iovern- mcnt. He was to pursue a combined mili- lary and academic course |)rescribe(l by the War Department through its Com- mittee on Education and S])ccial Training. This gigantic experiment of the S. A. r. ( ' ., although it a])parently received the heartiest co-o])eration from everyone con- nected with the University, was not a --uccess, or, at least, was far from satis- factory. The ])rogram of work was too heavy for the average student, l)eing a combination of a heavy academic schedule and eleven hours a week of drill. From the viewpoint of scholarship, it was probably an untiualitied failure. From the viewpoint of military instruction, from what can be learned by inquiry, the di.scipline was jjoor, the instruction indifferent and the instructors not properly fitted for their responsibilities. The establishnient again of the R. O. T. C " . was authorized l)y the Hoard of Regents on January 24, 1919, and was speedily reorganized on its former basis. The direction of the unit during this college year was under Uolonel F. H. IJurton, Inf.. wlio had a staff of three officers and six non-commissioned officers. Since this time the R. (). T. ( ' . establishment at Minnesota has continually develojied until at the i)resent day there is an instnutor staff of thirteen officers and eight non- commissioned officers of the regular army, five units of instruction, and an average of from 1,300 to 1,400 students receiving this instruction annually. The annual Federal ex{)ense of maintaining this Department is over -SI 3.5,001 ).()(). R. (). T. ( ' . military training of the present day is systematic and ])rogressive, covering a period of four years; the first half of which is compulsory and the second half elective. This comprises a schedule, which, aside from its military value, has a general and important contribution towards tlie development of a good citizen. In the spring of each year, the course inspection of all the divisions of the R. O. I.I ft In lili hl. Uinlink M,,lk Thurston .l rir(7 mm.v l)u nkn lit Urairii (iuritjaii SIriiIrr Bnindi f training is brought lo a climax with a nalioiud ( ' . Officers are sent by national heathpiarters to pass upon the achievements of the artillery, infantry and signal corjjs who arc ])ut through all of their paces and finally ])ass in review before the officers " stand. .V whole day is devoted to the occasion, tents are put u|) and taken down, guns cleaned and manen ' ered, and all the movements of army training exhibited. ' I ' he military band of the I nixcrsity is also called u|)on for the review. and, at the head of a long colunui of student officers, it leads them around the |)arade ground in a final grand review. It is with these ceremonies that the years training in R. O. V . ( ' . work is brouylit to a close. Page 289 A REVIEW OF THE R.O.T.C. IN SUMMER CAMPS Seventy-five students of the Reserve Officers ' Training ( orps at the University of Minnesota represented thiit institution at tlie various eani])s held hist summer tliroujihout the United States. The Infantry, Medical, and Dental Units, comprising a total strength of fifty-one men, were sent to Fort Snelling, Minnesota. The Coast Artillery Unit, consisting of thirteen men, traveled to Fortress Monroe, Virginia, to receive instruction in the arm of the service in which they had specialized. The Signal Cor])s, with fifteen men, went to Camp Custer, Michigan. The date for the ojjening of the camj) was Thursday, June 13, hut on account of I ' niversity examinations on that date, special authority was granted the Minnesota students to rejjort not later than the twentieth. The late entry of the Go])hers into camj) affected their record to a certain extent; lint on the whole the results were ([uite satisfying from tlie standpoint of actual training. As the name implies, the canij) was military, l)ut sufficient allowance was made for healthy and diversified recreation of various kinds. The morale officer.s had their activities well organ- ized, and free entertainment all the w ' ay from boxing to dancing was carried out to suit the desires of the students. Competition in sports was especially sharp, due to the fact that cadets from a large number of universities were present in every camp — there being men from twenty-nine institutions at Fort Snelling alone. Regulations in no camj) were so severe as to preclude friendly ])ranks su h as blanket tossing or pre-reveille serenades. There is little doubt but that those who attended one of these camps can look l)ack on si.x weeks of instructive and invigorating life, all of which tends towards the making of better students and citizens. ' •m yw.- . r I Tor . es ' S ' M o T oe - Oyesi: Z u inLs Vug, i ' .H) r Hmii Tff Ml tti m t. -a Ifit ' hatH [Coachi iieuniny Cooper Shatltluck llaherson Hinghum I.rlson lli ' rnicr.if n Sta.tsin Katter Gibson VanDuzee Uraun l.anguth HcscUr iCapt.) Algit- KeUiy LUhiiiini Mylk {A.i:it. Coach) ] ' irlui- Orr Sicanaon THE RIFLE TEAM Rising from its :il ' ter-tli( ' - var status as a unit in tlu ' cadet lurps to its |)rc.sfiit |)()sili()n as a minor sport is in hrief the liistory of the University ritie team. The squad was reorganized in December, 1921, following a |)eriod of inaction during the war, and on March 12 of this year rifle- firing was honored with recognition as a minor sjjort hy the University Senate. From its ince|)tion three seasons ago tlic sjjort has been under the guidance of its able coach. Captain . ndrew ( ' . Tychsen. During the hrst year the Minnesotans were handica])pcd by the lack of veterans and l)y tire obsolete type of rifle that they were forced to In spite of this they managed to win seven out of ten meets flred from all iiositions and to ca])ture fifth place in the Seventh Corps . rea Match. This entitled them to engage in the National Intercollegiate Meet where they took twenty-eighth i)lace. Equip])ed with special rifles the next winter, the team was able to show its true ciuality. Nine out of ten firing meets with other universities were won, third place was taken in the Seventh Corps Area Match, and most important of all, the team emerged second in the National Intercollegiate Meet, bowing only to Wisconsin. Meeting for the thirtl season with many veterans from lioth of the former years, the team arranged for a long schedule of flfty seven inter-collegiate meets, and then won them all. Next, eight special meets w-ere fired in uliich the opponents were granted certain advantages, and five of these were won. In addition to winning the long list of intercollegiate meets. Coach Tychsen ' s men took second i)lace in the Cor|)s Area Matili. being sur])assed only by the University of Missouri, ami for the third time gained the right to enter the National Iiiterscliolastic Meet and compete for llie lille. . 11 of these matches are tired l)y the different colleges and universities in their own ranges. Scores were communicated by telegra])h and mail. Recognition of rifle-firing as a regular sport came in time to reward the 1SI23-24 scpiad lor a brilliant season ' s work, and it is ex|)ected to cause the production of even better teams in the future. Capliiiii .l ii n Paqr il)l SCABBARD AND BLADE ■A q- i: E 1 iri OFF C£«5 Earl B. Kribbex Captain Howard V. Zeidler 1st Lieutenant Edward Staiffacher 2nd Lieutenant Stanley McKay 1st Sergeant Lotus D. ( ' (ifi ' maii William Watts Fohvell Maj Htrnard Lentz FACULTY MEMBERS Edward E. Nicholson Lieut. H. M. Rose Capt. N. W. Speece Col. Girard Sturdevant Capt. A. C. Tychsen Warren C Waite Maj. L. R. Watnnus Maj. F. R. Wunderlich ACTIVE MEMBERS Sherman L. Anderson Norman Anderson Lester Anderson Lorenzo Anthony Herman F. Beseler George ( ' . Bestor Leslie Buck Edward Clarke Hugo C. Erickson Smith Egglestoii Waldo E. Harden Earl Henrikson Earl B. Krihben A Douglas McCullough Stanley McKay Paul Millington Carleton Neville Philip B. Oscarson Lawrence Peterson Richardson Rome Samuel Reno Leiand Sonnichsen Edward Stauffacher Richard Sullivan Clarence Tormoen Stanley Travis Theodore Waldor Robert Whitnev Howard Zeidler An Honorary Military Fraternity Forinrletl at Tl ' isconsin, 1904 Minnesota Chapter. 1905 Number of Chapters, 40 Aiillioini Zei tl,T Enct(mi,,,,, Kribbeti M, K,i!i Whituiii McViitl:i:i!lll Page 292 OFFICERS Harold Heins Philip Hartmann Kenneth Ross . Carroll Patton Captain 1st Lientetiant 2n(l Lieutenutit 1st Sergeant MEMBERS Herman Bt ' seler George Bestor Ariult Duvall Smith E{;t;lestou Baliiwin Eilers Robert Erskine Charles Eubank Captain Vernon Hall Honorary Member Earl Mickelson George Nelson Mark Nelson Frank Nicliol Milton Nordstrum Carl Oustad Otto Person Lawrence Solmonson Edward Stauffacher Everett Stevens Norman Tubbesing Ted Waldor ORCiAXIZED at Minnesota in 1920 when the members of the coast artillery unit felt the need of expression and friendship among the men taking artillery work and attending summer camps. Mortar and Ball has expanded since that time in numbers and purpose. Only men taking the advanced course in coast artillery are eligible for membershi]). The objects of this organization are the ])roniotioii of friendship and the development of a closer bond of union between regular officers and prospective officers of the coast artillery reserve corps. l Oiiitlntl Durall Sicri-iis IVahlor (i. Xelitori Eilers Sordnlrum Tttfihesitm Kii lt - tnii M. fl.i ni liexlor Mirkehtiii Snlmonnon Sichol llr.tfliT Erskiiif Hfins Hall Itoss Patton U art man Page 293 T Cadets atWor Hf ' Mf - Page t)Ji n FOjaEISC lCjr By LlfU ' i ' llyn Pfunktichcn FORKXSirS in all phases have a history of real development at linnesota. The regular training in public speaking, intercollegiate debate and oratory, the activity ot various literary organizations which have fostered intra-college forensics, have all combined to make this jiossible. On the roster of Minnesota ' s faculty are found such names as that of Maria Sanford, who was the pioneer in i)ut lic sjjeaking at the I ' niversity; Professor McDerniott. a real enthusiast on debate and oratory; in later times. H. B. Gislason, C. F. Lindsley, and F. ' SI. Rarig, whose stimulating leadership has in recent years i)revented the demise of the activity which was threatened by the growing influence of athletics, the movies, and the automoi)ile. Oratory as an activity was first recognized in 18S(), when an oratorical association was organized in resjjonse to an invitation to ])articipate, first in a state contest with ( " arleton. and second, on winning this contest, to compete with the winners in Illinois. Iowa. Indiana. Kansas, Wisconsin, Ohio and Nebraska. At this time, oratory was a jiopular sport. It drew footliall crowds. In IS89 the famous I ' illsbury Contest was establishetl, and ten years later the winner of the Pillsbury was delegatctl for the first time to represent Minnesota in the Contest of the Northern Oratorical League, comprising Illinois, Iowa. Michigan. Wisconsin, Northwestern, and. at that time. Oberlin. Minnesota has placed first in this contest three times. In IflOfl the Fresh- man-Sophomore Oratorical Contest was established. Debate at Minnesota began as a sort of guerrilla warfare with Iowa. The debaters volun- teered and there was no coach. The miscellaneous results of this system led to the formation, in 189t). of a loose " Federation of Literary Societies " , which aimed to i)ick the best of the contest- ants for places on the teams. Obvious disadvantages of this method gave birth, in 1898, to the Minnesota Debating Board, a faculty-student body which sui)ervised oratory from this time forward as well as debate. Up to 190(3 Minnesota engaged in dual debates with Iowa, aiul be- longed to the Central Debating League, consisting of Minnesota. Northwestern, Michigan and Illinois. In 190(i Minnesota withdrew from the latter, and was active in the fornuition of the Central Debating Circuit of America, with Wisconsin, Michigan, Iowa, Illinois, and Nebraska. In 1914 this too broke u|), and the lowa-Minnesota-Illinois League was the result. In 1921 Miiuiesota entered another triangular league with AVisconsin and Ntu-thwestcrn. Minnesota was res|)onsible for the organization of Delta Sigma Hho, the forensic Phi Beta Ka])pa. w lien Professor McDermott took the initiative in organizing that society in 1906. Delta Sigma Rho has chapters in all of the larger debating institutions of the country, and its National President, Stanley B. Houck, is a Minnesota man. Literary societies at linnesota included in the ])ast Delta Sigma, Law Literary, .Vreua, Castalian, Kent. Blackstone and Hermean. Today there are the Shakojiean, Forum. Ka])i)a Rho, Wel)ster, Philomathean, .Athenian. Minerva. Ben Jonson, Scroll and Key, Norwegian, Thalian and Theta Epsilon. The first six named are members of the Forensic ' League, which has charge of the inter-society debates. The roster of I ' niversity forensics contains the following well-known names: C. ' SI. Webster, Fred B. Snyder, Charles F. Keyes, J. W. Beach. W. I. Norton, Thomas D. Schall, George P. Jones, Theodore Christianson, Ray P. Chase, Gustavus Locvinger, Stanley B. Houck. H. B. Gislason. P. J. Thoni])son, and Ernest Lundeen. Payc S96 Fnnik II " . ll,ii,fl THE NORTHERN ORATORICAL CONTEST The Armonj. ilaij J,. 1923 Presiding Officer — Slaiilei Ilnuck. Siitioitut Presiilenl, Delta Sigma Hhn Once in six years tiie Xortiicrn Oratorical Contest comes to Minnesota, and Minnesota tries to make the occasion one worth rememhering. This time was no exception. The usually vacant Armory was filled by a large and appreciative crowd. Interest was whetted by the fact that the contest came as the culmination of a week of forensic activity. Frank ILinft. winner of the Pillsliury, represented Minnesota. How.vRL) Berolzheimer Xorfli iresterii I ' nirersity Gerritt Demmick . V niversity of Michigan Fr. nk H.vnft . ( ' nirer. ili of M innesiUa Wayne Morse I ' nirersiitj of ) ' n Oral Swikt L ' niversity of loxca Note: The rc|)rcsentativc of the University of Illinois was taken ill and was unai lc to dclixcr his oration, liliiiil Leaders of the Wind. (lean Hands The Mind In Thrall II i i)drnir H ' il.son The Snpreine ( ' inrl and the People A iin-M ilitari llrro J. L. L. rdner Glenn Merry JUDGES J. M. O-Xeill F. M. Rark, DiXISIONS T. r. Triehlood ( " . H. WOOLUERT First Place, • ' SIOO — Howard Herol iieimer, Snrlhiresieni Second Place, % ' ■ {) — Wayne Morse, Wl.sconsht Third Pl. ce, S25 — Gerritt Demmick, Mlchltjan Page 297 Fnttik W Iliinft PILLSBURY ORATORICAL CONTEST Music Auditorium. April IS, 1923 Presiding Officer — Sidney Benson CONTESTANTS Lester Herberger ROV WiLKINS Erma Schurr William Lundell Frank Hanft Llewellyn Pfankuchen Intolerance The Conflict of I acet Women in Industry College Realism and Religion Woodroir Wilson The Kingdom of Fear J. H. Hay H. W. Ballantine Lleu-ellyn Pfunl uchen Page 298 JUDGES J. W. Holland DECISIONS First Place, $100 — Frank Hanft Second Place, 150 — Llewellyn Pfankuchen Third Place. $25 — Erma Schurr Awards for the Pillsbury Oratorical Contest are i)rovide(i for by a fund established by the late Governor John S. Pillsbury for the ])romotion of the art of oratory at the University. C. F. Keyes . . N. Johnson Erma Schurr Clarence .V. I ' fiirson . FRESHMAN-SOPHOMORE ORATORICAL CONTEST Miixic Auditorium — May IS, 19 ' 2S Tireiity-.iixlh Year, Presiding Officer — Frank Hanft CONTESTANTS Carl E. Anderson CoRELLi Nelson Robert Whitney Clarence Pearson Adelaide Burns Donald C. Rogers Prof. Wm. Anderson . The Xcir Dawn Breeders of Calumit]! Joan of Arc Our Isolation Policy Little Breeches Woodrou- Wilson. The President JUDGES Prof. C. W. Nichols DECISIONS Prof. E. Sutcliffe First Pl. ce, .|50 — Clarence Pearson Second Place, .$30 — Donald C. Rogers Third Place, S20 — Adelaide Burns Awards for the Frosliiiian-Sopliomoio Oratorical Coiitost are taken from a fund .set aside for that purpose from the l,u ldeii Real Estate fund. Dinialil C. ?,) Adelaide Hums Page e99 II a lift Montague Orfield IOWA MINNESOTA ILLINOIS Ql ' ESTIOX: Ri ' .solnd. that the United States shoidil enter the W ' m-lil Cnurt us propused by President Harding. MINNESOTA vs IOWA Minneapolis. December 6. 1923 Pre.siding Officer — Jeremiah S. Young Minnesota Affirm at ire Frank Hanft James Montague Lester Orfield Wm. Anderson Decision iinaniinoiis for M iiinesota JUDGES Everett Eraser loica ei atire Max Levingston 0. T. Doran Ernest Linder R. Justin Miller MINNESOTA vs ILLINOIS Irlnina. Illinoi.- . December IJ. lyJ.D Pre.siding Officer — Jame.s W. Garner Illinois Affirmatire Kenneth Oberholtzer f. a. schrepper Walter Peterson Prof. Harneau Decision iinaiiiinoiis for Minnesota JUDGES Prof. Pierce Minnt.yota Xenatire Cedric Jamieson Carl E. Anderson Walter Llndgren Prof. Greene Page 3W Lundgren Jamieson Anderson Hill Marflnrirlf Ltu snn WISCONSIN-MINNESOTA-NORTHWESTERN QT ' ESTTOX: Resolved, thai all iutcrnationul dchfs iiiid JiiKiiiriiil rhiinis n ' siiKj out of the World War tirixallsjicd on May 1, 1923, be eancelird without restrieliou or ( uidijieatiou. MINNESOTA vs WISCONSIN Music Aiitliloriinii. April . ' , irj2S Prt ' sidinij Officer — Dcttn J. H. .Idlnislnn Miuiieaota AJfiruiatire Wisconsin Xegalire Walter L. Ric : Arthur Thorsen Charles Macdonell Henry Blake Havner N. Larson Arthur Inman Decision to Wiscojisin JUDGE: Professor K. R. Lvox, University of South Dakota MINNESOTA vs NORTHWESTERN Aiiiiii Mail iri(l Hull, Xortltueslcrn Viiirrr.iili , April I!). Wi3 I ' nsiilinij Officer — Professor Waller Lui erqiiisI Xorthu-esteru Affinnalire Minnesola Xef atire WRiiaiT Ervixh Leslie L. Anderson Leon I?erolziieimer Ambrose Fuller Farris Flint Lester Orfield Decision to Minnesota JUD(iE: Reverend William A. Boulger. Notre Damic University f Fulle Orjield . 1 lult rson Puye ,iUl .S ;rA-.v Whilniii lioge FRESHMAN-SOPHOMORE DEBATE Law Auditorium, April 2U, 192S Prrsiding Officer — John Dalzcll Ql ' ESTIOX: Re.iolrcd, that the Fdrdneii-MrCiiiiihrr Turiff ' should he repealed. CONTESTANTS Sopho more Affirmative Herman Sacks Robert Whitney Donald V. Rogers Freshman Xegalire Fred Moui.ton Kenneth Daly Richard Fehlhaber Decision to Sophomores JUDGES Paul Carrol John Kierzek J. V. Holland AWARD; Frank H. Peavy Prize of SlUU to viiiiuiii team. Dal, Ffhlhahfr Miiiilton Pane S02 Frakji Stark Suiiidll MINNESOTA AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE vs SOUTH DAKOTA AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE Ql ' ESTIUN: Rcsolrcd. that the i ' nitcd States sliDiild join the U ' orld Conrt with the reseriationx proposed by the late President Harding. I ' niri ' rsifij Farm Aiidiloriiiin. Fi ' hruciry 2o, 1924 Presiding Officer — Dean V . ( ' . Coffey Minnesota Affirmative South Dakota egatife Alfred Sjowall Arthur Cram Elmer Starch Keith Starbo Rudolph Frokjer Elmer Hawley Decision nnanimons for Minncsuta A. H. Hansen JUDGES Homer Millard L. H. Rising South Dakota Affirmative Helen Schmitz E. F. Johnson J. R. Bottom lirookingi-. South Dakota. Marcii. 192J, Presiding Officer — F. Hawley So decision M in n esota Sec at ive Thomas Mitchell Carl Rolen William Stienstra , ' ,. ,„ Stien.- tra Milcltell Page 303 OFFICERS In ' CA Hill Pre.iidetit Viola Juni V. President Virginia Bailev Secretary Bertram Hendrickson . Trea.surer Elmer Starch Serg.-at-Arms MEMBERS Edwin Aiistvold ' i i i; Tiailey Lillian Briiikman Lida Biiirill Pearl C ' airncross John Carlson Ted Christpu Minnette Crouch Eva Coriieliuson Enola Dale Nellie Davis Beriiice Dickerman William Elling Fritz Franze Zita Friedl Rudolph Krojker Lawrence (ittve Oberl drover Norma (ierher Harriet Horn Bertram Hendrickson Inga Hill Sherman Johnson Viola Juni Felix Kaplan Emma Knutson Rose Kotasek J. P. Kislanko Ruth Laiidis Walter LeMcn (iilma Lcvorsoii Margaret Liiulquist Mary Laycock Marie Maeken Constance Malmsten Hazel Mattson Harold Morris Nora Mortenson Christian Nash Lh.vd Nelson William Olson Freda Olstad George Pulkraheck Dwight Quam Mabel Riekansrud Mildred Rollins Edna Seebach Alfred Sjowall Elmer Starch Margaret Towler ' erna Trueblood Katherine I Irich Marg ierite Cnilan Ruth Wilcken William ' ehrend Lloyd ' ye Ben Zakariasen A society oi-fjaiiizecl in 191U for the proinution of interest in j)ul)lic speaking, debate and parliamentary practice. Mon Tniehtooil i ' t ' i lon Ztik ' nriit,sen Grotcr Kuplan Witckeji Lindquist OlnlaJ Brinkmau ■is Malmnten Austvolxl MacliCi Hfirn Corjicliunon Mortcnsou Kislanko Mattson RiiUins Page 304 01. ■mil Carhun Sash Govt- ElUng Landis Sechach Levorson Towler Dale Jofni.-tiin I ' ye Burrill Pulkraheck Umland Quam Thaijvr Kofavek Sjowall Davis Cronek Dickerman Fr Starch Hill Jnni Bailvii Hendrickson Jost ' i)li V;irri-ii Ht ' ach MEMBERS IN F. ( ll.TY E. M. Freeman David r. Swensini MEMBERS Carl E. Anderson George L. Bargen A. Norman (hristensen Helmer (i. ( ' hristensen J. Murdoch Dawlev Kilwin K Dickson Howard (■. Eichorn Cecil (iilkinson Mervil (1. (lullixson Clifford 1. Haga George P. Helliw,-ll Arthur .1. Larsen Francis L. Moulton Fred M. Moulton Lester B. OrHeld Oliver F. Ossanna •John (j. Paulson Russel .1. Schunk Irvine G. Sinnott John C. Styer Verne C. Wright A society organized in 1 S()4 for tlic purpose of jjroinotini; forensic ami literary activities on the campus. Eichorn Mmillon Haga h ' riijlil I.arsou Paulanii Ciillix.ioii Diiirlru Mniilinn UcUhrill Os.ianna Ihfiilil (liri tni. ni Sli ir Dirlxim Anilerumi Chrislrntcn Cilkinaiill Page SO, ' ! OFFICERS Maxine Miller CoRELLi Nelson Antoinette Nelson Mathilda Krefting Florence Cohen Presideiil r. President Secretary Treasurer Parliamentarian MEMBERS Rosalind Barli LilliaTi Horn-son Melba Brustuen Hazel Casserly Florence Cohen Luoile Farrand Gudren Hansen Inez Hernlund Elizabeth Hirsch Margaret Howatt Cecil Key Mathilda Krefting Ada Liddell Winifred Lynsky Yilhelmina Maedonald Marie Mcdrath Ruth Marshall Maxine Miller Katherine Moran Antoinette Nelson Corelli Nelson Sarah Neprude Pauline Pavek Esther Poole Margaret Powers Izetta Robb Eleanor Trump Rosamond Tuve A girls ' society foiiiuled in 1914 for the atlvaiiceinent of forensic activities. Lijnskli C. elso7i Parrh Tiivr Miirshiill linrh Trump Borrenon liobb Farranit Liddell I ' nirer.i ( ' (isxirltj Key Poole Hirsch Howatt Neprude Mrdrtilh Reamer Mncdoiiald A. Xehou Miller Krefting C ' ofien Piige 306 MINERVA LITERARY SOCIETY -i " T n. LoKNA May Tuttle Elsie Learned . Ann Pearson Hi TH (iREENFllil.D OFFICERS . Presidetil r. President Secretary Treasurer MEMBERS IN FACULTY Dr. Anna Phelan ACTIVE MEMBERS Theodora Allen Beryl Anderson Margaret Bush Helen Caine Gwendolyn Campbell Betty Compton Aileen Dahlheilin Debora Uuval Margaret Fisher Virginia Fraser Imogene Giildings Hilda (Jreenfield Ruth GreeiiHi ' ld Ruth Hall Helen Hamfield Ruth Helgeson Dorothy Higgins Mildred Holcn Charlotte Johnson Florence Kunze Elsie Learned Helen Lehman Winifreil Lynsky Alison MeBean Bessie Merritt Mary Anne Myer Margaret Parker Ann K. Pearson Bvrdie Olsen Elsie Prins Winifred Reiehmuth Elizaiieth Reinertson Kathleen S])roul Wilma Shields Ruth Stuart Borghild Sundheim Lorna May Tuttle Virginia Wetherbee A society founded in 1896 for women interested in literary achievements. . l .l.,h„s.,„ Shi.l.ii l.i ii ' l-U FiKhcr Ciiinc Kuiizf Sundheim Prins Mcliean Ctutiplou Hall Greenfield Tullle Learned Frazer J yt . Lehman Pearson Sliiarl Greenfield Page 307 i»y ' " » ' OFFICERS Oliver Johnsrud President Joel Dolven V. President Margaret Brandt Secretary Levi Osterhus Treasurer MEMBER I FACILTY Gisit Botliiie MEMBERS Einar Anrlorson Carla B.Tf;li Philip Bli. ' ii Margaret Braii lt Marie Bruce Melba Briistiien Joel Dolven Xina Draxten Oscar Flatins Henry Gnstafson Clifl ' ord Hapa Ant.iii H.ifstad Mildred Holen E. R. Johnson Paul Johnson Oliver Johnsrnd Mathilda Krefting Leif Lagerson Anna Lenschow Myrtle Larsen Trygve Lode Aksel Lnnden Alf Nelson Henry Xycklemoe Katherine Olson Magda Olson Clarence Olsgard Levi Osterhus O. H. Seastrand Oliver Seim Ronnie Simonson Milton Skohlia Peter Slagsvold Bergliot Stranil Arthur Straunian Marcus Sundheiin Carlyle Thykeson Lyder Lnstad Gnnvar Vad l Nora Winter Lerov WtilH " A society founded in 1916, wliicli meets niontldv to studv Norwegian art, music and literature. JohriaoTi I. ride Hi ' rgh Flattii ' j H ttl ) Olsifard Johti.ton Wadd Olson Xelson Lenschvir Simonsoji ilnfstad Seim Syclilemoe Slagsvold Vnslad Johnsrud Bnthnc Brandt Dolren Luuden Witifer Strand Osterhus Andenton Page 308 m Established, 191(3 MKMHERS Ber ' l Ht ' arnian Rose Herman Dorothy Davis Adele Goldberg Zetta Goldberg Grace Gordon Mildred Greenberg Lurine Karon Gertrude Levin Tobie Mandelstam Elsie Orenstein Jessie Ravitch Freda Rosoff Florence Shapiro Pearl Wolpert ) irM ,1. Goldberg licarmati Lenin Shapiro (ircnutrin Bcrman . (ioUtbcrg (Ircenltcrg Ho.toff U ' olpirl Flak (lortion Karon Page 309 Llewellyn Pfankichex Theodore Lanc.lie Walter Sehm Theodore Purinton . Claren ' ce Pearson ) -K (E fS President I ' . President Secrefary Treasnrer Chaplain MEM HERS Paul Anclerson Richard ( ' ampl)fll Kenneth Dally Richard Fehlhaher Harold Fink Frank Hanft Saul Halpern Earl Henrikson Lee Ihle Robert Kingsley Lloyd Kreutz (leorge Lang Theodore Langlie Henry Leivestad Leslie Lindou Walter Liindgren Leroy Matson Alex Miller Vernon X. Miller Al Morse Carl Munck Clarence Nelson Alf Ofstie Clarence Pearson Peter Pearson John Peters Llewellyn Pfankuchen Doree Ponimer Theodore Purinton Walter L. Rice Ulysses Santini Kenneth Seely Allen Sloss Roy Tomhave Harold Westin Hobart Yates A society founded in 1893 to meet the need on the eanipiis for a hterary organization and debating club. Cam pbell Page ■■ 10 li, P. PeaT:toii ilillr, FMIuilter Sell m IV ■stin C. Pi-arson Puriutnn Rice Kreutz Fiuk AiHiermtn llenriksoH I. an Friswold Ktiiyslvy Pommer Ofstie Halpern Leivestad OFFICERS (AKL IIiGO Carlson Ellen M. Peterson NovL E. Larson Levi Osterhus I ' rr.siilrlit I ' . I ' rcsiileiil Secrelary Treasurer MEMBERS Tekla L. Alexis Alice T. Anderson Lillie Anderson Pa ul E. Anderson Ernest R. Berg Loren L. Cahlander Carl Hugo Carlson Grace M. Cederstrand William E. Dahl Gunda C. Dahlin Mildred Edner Heinrik E. Graf Harold A. Hedin Edwin C. Johnson Myrtle E. Johnson Novia E. Larson Astrid Lindahl Wynian W. Malmsten Carl N. Xilson Hildred . Oberg Levi Osterhus Ann K. Pearson Charles S. Pearson Peter H. Pearson Ellen M. Peterson Helge Sandelin Alden L. Sandquist Axelia A. Sellin Ellis J. Sherman Effie E. Sjoblom Olive H. Sjoblom Florinda M. Stark Andrew A. Stomberg Carl W. Stomberg Hugo L. Thorendal Karl Thorlcif To promote interest in the culture, life and literature of Sweden. ■_ m Sjohlorn iirnf Stomberg Mnimnfrti (rilrrstrutKl I ' tarson Silliii Anderson Thurcndal Sjulilum Shtrmtnt Thorlcif PearHon Sandelin Edner Johnson Alexis Pearson Ohrrij Carlson Peterson Stomberg Larson Osterhus Dahlin Pane -ill MEMBERS l.clTililK ' Api ' l Helen I!al l«in Jeannette Harkiilou Dor )th " ChamtleT Grate (lark Carol (Moyd Georgia Crawfonl Miriam DiMiianl ?arah Diilrikseri Lucille Karraiiil Swanliilil Kriswold Marjorie Gadbois Elizabeth Gile Alice Jacobsen .June Justus Ada Liddell Helen McLaren Sally LUhe vs Adelaide Stenhaug Gratia Torinus Eunice Peterson Cynthia Weinberger Kuth Gullette Ruth Gurley Irnia Hilgedick Mary Elvene Hoag Hoas (..I, .(. Uilijiilitk- McLaren Liddell Friswold Barkiilni) Ai„l Malluus West Weinberger Justus .Slcufuunj Gurley Furraiid Gile Clark PngeSli OFFICERS Maude MiMaihin Elinor Lai.ekman Ann Coe . Violet Whekkv Prrstdrnt Prvsidt ' ni Secretary TrrtisuriT Ruth Artlu-rliolt Enielie Boylu Helen Cochrane Ann Coe Mary Cochrane Martha Cooper Elizabeth Craddick Irene Foasherg MEMBERS Theodosia Foote Virginia Gordon Mary Francis Graham Dorothy Hasking Mary Howard Dorothy Hunter Elinor Lagerman Marguerite Lagerman Eleanor Lincoln Lenore Lowenliurg Maude McMahon Mary Nolan Joyce Rice Ruth Smalley Isobel Spencer Violet Wherry Helen Wiliianisttn A society for the i)r()iiioti()n of interest in creative writing ami tlu- study of recent niovcnients ill Knuiish literature. I ,Vn „„ llaA-i Wlurril Uftjilc K, LaycniKui Arllurho ' t Ihiiilrr Wiilialnatin Sjiciti-ir nice M. Lanfrtmin Craildirk Page 313 S. H. MEMBERS IN IA( ri.TV r. v r, m Clyde Allison Ozro Ballinger Karl Brunkow Wilbur Caiilfifl,! William Christison Stewart Dunn Alice Dyer Margaret Falstad Kenneth Hincklr - Adolf Kaniis Leslie Klopfleish Marian Ladner MKMRKKS Florenee Lange Ada Leiberman Gertrude Lestieo Hugo Nilson Victor Oliver Enii lly Payetta Maude IVeston Da id Purdy Margaret Robinson Zella Robinson Carl R »len Harold Rolen Dorothy Slocuni Florence Sparks George Sulerud Frank Svoboda Mary Thordarson John Towler Arthur True Dorothy Tuper Ger.ild Vaecha Ethelwyn Weir Gertrude Whiting Joe Zvanovec m A society for men and women on the Afiiiciiltural eampus interested in literary and dehate work Page 31J, Brunkow Thotdarson li,iUn,,,r Sparh.t Vaulfiil.l FahUul Vlnl,,„i s,;i,-,,„i Tu,,rr |{ pri 0mtatttu l f tmiesotens ■3 ■I I; REPRESENTATIVE MINNESOTANS In establishing the Representative Minnesotan section in the 1925 Gopher this year, the start has abohshea the Vanity Fair section and has substituted one which gives recognition to seniors who have been of service to Minnesota. From the hst of forty-eight candidates, the four men and four women -ho secured the highest votes have been chosen as the Representative Minnesotans. The next six highest men and six highest women have been placed in the Senior Leaders section which replaces the Who s Who. 1 he decision to eliminate Vanity Fair was based on the start s belief that such a section was no longer desirable. During the past iew years so many beauty contests have been conducted by such a large variety of organizations that the staff has felt that a beauty section is too commercial to appear in a college annual. The eight Representative Minnesotans fere elected at the general election of all subscribers. Each has been a leader in his particular activity; each has given something to Minnesota to make her a greater insti- tution, something to establish her as the Minnesota we all wish her to be. We regret that the list could not be larger and realize that there are many others that merit recogni- tion. But we feel certain that among the Representa- tive Minnesotans and the Senior Leaders are repre- sentatives of eveiy constructive phase of student life at Minnesota. During their four years at the University they have been leaders in one branch of activity or another; all have given concrete proof of service to their alma mater. They are indeed truly Representa- tive Minnesotans. {Portraits liy the sluilics of CotUng-lWsse, M illrr, fifiit .intsmasterx, Minneapolis.) Page Wy I GriTTa iSchurr Stc warrll ' illson Doualdc Veuman Helen Gross i- lice Bartcl K fames Bohan dMildred cUnien CTrcd Oster cJolific hrtland Cyiot ' cnce Sparks mttesota tt|letic0 % MINNESOTA ' S FOURTH ALL-AMERICAN Although tliecry of " Atta hoy. Marly " , may never reecho tliroiigli our new memorial Stadium and although the famous (ioplier flash may never a aiii hriui; joy to the hearts of Minnesota adherents and sorrow to the hearts of their o|)|)()nents. hy his thrillinji- uridiron tactics, nevertiie- Icss, tlie name of " Marty " will loiii; he rememliered l y the siipjjorters of Minnesota. Earl Marti- neau, captain of the li»23 football team, is the fourth Minnesota | layer to he honored hy a position on Walter Camp ' s All American eleven, the others heinji John Mc(iovern, Quartcrl)aek, ' 04 and ' 05. John Walker. Tackle. ' 10. and I5ert Maston. End. ' l- ' i and " Hi. M.irlineau started his athletic career at Minneapolis West Iliuh School where he (•oni|)eted in both football and track. It ha|)i)ened that Walter Camp witnessed one of the hii h school names in which " Marty " i)artici|)Mted. and after it he i)ronounced Martineau to be (Jiie of the jircatest " l rep " school athletes that he had ever seen. Iminedialely after his i;raduation from high school, " Marty " enlisted in the marine cor])s, and spent three years in active fighting in France. During this time he was commissioned a lieu- tenant, severely gassed, and tlecorated for bravery. While serving in the A. E. F., " Marty " made a great reputation for himself ])laying on the famous marine football team. As soon as he was mustered out, he enrolled at Minnesota. During his four college years, he has won three letters in both football and track, ])laying left half on the footliall team and running the hurdles for the track scjuail. Ever since his first year in conference competition, " Marty " has been a marked man. lie is known throughout the west as one of the greatest runners, kickers, and passers that ever particii)ated in college football. But what is more im|)ortant he is known to coaches and ])layers as one of the greatest leaders and one of the best interference men that the game has known. " Nlarty " gets his man. Fielding Yost, after the Michigan game last fall. |)aid Martineau a great conii)liment when he said, " If it hadn ' t been for you and your |)laying, " Marty " , I ' d have gotten a great deal more sleep this fall. " " Marty ' s " college days are now over, l)ut he goes to take his place at tlie top of the list of Minnesota ' s heroes. Earl T. Martinniu cM LPit JjQ JfrC v J f ' c il cAfa auTZ-- ' j( Xii ' Se r fage 327 THE ADMINISTRATION Two years have passed since the iJoard uf Regents reorganized the athletic department of the University of Minnesota. The nature of this action was complete and radical. With Director Fred W. Luehring at its head the department of physical eihuation and athletics was established to rei)lace the loosely organized athletic administration of the past. Since then the good effects have been far reaching. The various jdiysical education interests have been united under the centralized control of the new directorate; new coaches have been added to the staff: particii)ation in the intercollegiate and intramural sports has become more wide- spread; and the Gophe r teams have again brought Minnesota into the foreground of athletic activities in the Western Conference. The scope of the deiiartment of jjhysical education and athletics is divided into four distinct branches, viz.. liasic courses in jjhysical educatit)n and hygiene, intramural athletics, intercollegiate athletics, and professional training courses for athletic coaches, physical edu- cation directors and teachers. The basic course consists of an introduction to jihysical education for college men and stresses ])hysii ' al and medical examination, in- structions in hygiene and health haliits, jjhysical education activities suital)le for college days and later life. Physical efficiency tests are required of all students. An im|)ortant part of the physical exami- nation work is the classification of students according to development, strength and functional condition. On the basis of this classification the work is administered more intelligently. Class A men, in addition to recjuired, may elect as part of their work, participatio n in most vigorous and strenuous athletics; Class B men have less elective privileges, not being iiermitted to participate in the more strenuous sports; Class C men have their work The Coaches ring fVutsoJt Thorpe Cooke Luehring Smith Irerson (Hidden ' Elliot Spaiihliiiii Hiiu.ier Frank iletcalf Taylor MeKiisick { ' Deceased) Puijc S2S i l)r( ' s(ril)0(l; ( ' la 1) iiii ' ii arc iicli as wliose ])liysi(al coiKlilioii make it iiiail isal)l( ' for tlicm to take [lart even in the ])ri ' s(ril)c(l exercises and are instead j;iven the theoretical instructions. Intramural athletics are this year, for the first time in history, under the superxision of a full- time director, W. K. Smitii, formerly coach of University High School. In this clepart meiit every efi ' ort is made, as far as facilities |)erniit. to furnish first hand information to all students in com- petitive atiiletic allies. Colleue classes, fraternities, lioardinn houses and other campus groups are proxidcil witii a prouram of atidctic tournaments in footliail, l)ascliall, liaskethall, hockey, volley hall, swimmiui;, tennis, golf and other sports of like nature. ( " oa h Kmil Ixerson and Max Ilerseth are assisting in the direction of the outdoor winter s|)orts. In the field of intercollegiate athletics the Gophers are annually represented by teams iii foothall, basketball, baseball, hockey, track, cross country, swimming, gymnastics, wrestling, tennis and golf. linnesota is a charter member of the intercollegiate conference known as tiie Big Ten. the largest college athletic league in existence. A competent staff of coaches and assist- ant coaches together with student managers are in charge of tlie various teams. Coaches and assistants in the several sports are: football; William S|)aulding. head coach; assistants, coaches Len Frank, T. X. INIetcalf, H. T. Taylor, Ray Elliot, George Hauser and Blaine IcKusi -k; basketball; Dr. L. J. Cooke, head coach; assistants, coach H. T. Taylor; baseball; Major T. R. Watrous; assistants, coaches Jensen and Smith; track; coach T. X. Metcalf; swimming; coaches Xeils Thorpe and Max Herseth; hockey; coach Emil Iverson; cross-country; coach Emil Iverson; gymnastics; coach Bill Foster; wrestling; coach Blaine McKusick. The training course for coaches and physical education directors has been established tins year in connection with the college of education. The is under the supervision of the department of i)hysical education and athletics. T. X Metcalf is in charge. It can readily be seen that the field of athletic activity that is under the sujjervision of the department of i)hysical c lucation and athletics is an extensive one. To unite all of the physi -al eilucation interests of Minnesota under the centralized control of one athletic regime is a big task. But during the course of the ] ast two years Director Fred Lueliring and his cohorts have shown themselves to be worthv of the task. «C5i ' ti ' k Page 3$9 CONFERENCE MEDAL WINNER To l)e a good all around athlete is a great honor. Hut it is just as great to be a briUiant scholar and a good student. Greater than either of tliese is to have the honor of having both of tliese qualities combined. In 1915 a tradition was started to award a medal to the student having both of tliese qualities combined in the highest degree. He is picked each year from the graduating class at each of the Big Ten universities conqjosing the Western Inter- collegiate Athletic Association, by the faculty and athletic council, linnesota ' s winners of the medal are: I ' .lUi— Boles Rosenthal, 1917— Joe Sprafka, 1918 — Erling Platou. 1919— George Hauser, 1920— Norman Kingsley, 1921 — Neil Arntson, 1922— Arnold Oss, 1923— Rudolph Hultkrans. Rudolph, commonly known as " Rudy " , is an all around athlete having won two letters in track, two in basketball and one in football. In his sophomore year he won the 220 yard dash with Wisconsin and placed third in that event at the Con- ference meet. In his junior year he ran the 100 yard dash, the 220 yard dash and the quarter mile, jilacing fourth in the Con- ference in the latter event. In basketball he was a flashy guard and made a letter in both his sophomore and junior years. liiidoljjh E. lliilikraiis " Rudy " went out for football in his senior year and won a letter but was injured so that he could not participate in basketball or track for that year. While engaged in athletics he was also aggressively busy with his studies in the Medical School and kept his scholastic average close to a B. Piiye 330 ??i ? 7? ff:?R7f? ' ? , ' ??rff=;s??r 7 FOOTBALL Ca plain Mnrlineau • " PE xn- Page SSI i !? -if .- ft t V ■ f t ,f. W 1 5 - »- i LiiehTinij Osier Cooper irst SchjoK Grose Aschcr Clapp Roll it Spaiilding PHi-rsan Eklund Martintaii Cox Grahiiin Malhiirs LiilhiTt} Swtinbi ' ck Green Merrill Gross Ahrum.ion Gay REVIEW OF THE SEASON ( " Hill " SpauldilKj The 1923 football season was a satisfactory one to me from three ])oints of view: the team showed a steady development from first to last, it was a team that liad the stuff to win its games, and there was a spirit among the ])layers that promises well for the future of linnesota football. The turning jjoiiit of the season came at Madison. Until tliey met Wisconsin, fresh from its 52 to victory over Indiana, the l)oys didn ' t know how much they could do. The Wisconsin game wasn ' t a victory, l)ut the team hadn ' t been beaten. Confidence came to the team with a The way in wliicli tlicy ran through and around Northwestern the next week, following an early touchdown l)y the Purple, showed the Gopher tight. Tiie final score revealed the caliber of the team that was developing. There was still some roughness to work off after the victory over Nfirthwestern. Two weeks later the team went against Iowa, a strong though not a championship team, and outplayed them in every department. The team that gained confidence at Wisconsin and showed its jiower against Northwestern proved tridy formidable in beating the Hawkeyes. About the Michigan game there is nothing to be said exce])t that [Michigan placed a ])owerful team in tlie field against our eleven. The game was hard fought throughout and Michigan won by a touch- down and a dropkick. No resume of the season would be complete witlnuit a word about the excellent sjjirit every man sli( v ' d and the fine team work that Captain Martineau ' s eleven develo])ed. Marty is a true leader, one of the sort that any team is lucky to have at the helm. Greene (Matiayt ' r) il Coach Spaiildutg Page 332 HMV IlasL-ill liiilsL-hi Takes „ Ihtuler THE PRELIMINARY GAMES On October 5th. the Minnesota football season opened up with a bang when S])aul(ling ' s football machine, without its captain, triumphed over the Iowa Staters in a close hard-fought battle on Northrop field 20-f7. It was a game full of thrills and the Ames eleven deserves much credit for the fight they showed throughout. For the first time since the last memorable Carlyle games in 1908. an Indian team swung their tomaiiawks on Northroj) Field. Minnesota succeeded in scoring two to iclulown and one goal in the first half. The second half ojjcned in a surprising manner, when .John Levi, the big Indian fullback, carried the ball back ,S5 yards from the kick-otf for ILiskcH ' s hrst touchdown. In the last (piarter the Indians succeeded in scoring another touchdown, but failed to kick the goal, giving Minnesota a 13-12 victory. The Flickertails came to Minnea])olis on October 20. They fought hard tliioughout the whole game, but the lighter and weaker teams must always sufTer the bitter taste of defeat. The strong Minnesota machine ])ushed over a touchdown in each cpiarter. and the Oophers emerged witli a 27-0 victory. Cox Gross Guy Page 333 Merrill Oiis im-Ynrit Paxs In Hiuliicr Game MINNESOTA 0. WISCONSIN A fullbacks ' battle on a field of imul — that was the eharaeter of the historic gridiron struggle between Minnesota and Wisconsin on Randall field. ladison. on October 29. It was the big game looked forward to by both schools, and to wliich half the Maroon and (iold school had migrated in two special trains. ' I ' he heavy field was one of the Ijest offensive and defensive weapons the heavier Cardinal eleven iiad: for it not only made it impo.s.sible for the speedy Martineau to get away, but also put at best advantage the straight line smash used by Wisconsin. Time after time the elusive Gopher backs seemed to have reached ojjen field, only to lose their footing and be thrown. On the other hand the heavy Wi.sconsin backs, led by Taft, hammered away at the Minnesota line, exi)e(tantly awaiting the time when it should give way. The game became one line smash after another. This style of play called into notice the sterling ability of Oster, Minnesota ' s stocky fullback who, with Taft, became the center of interest during the game. It was in this game that Cirahnm ' s work as field general stamped him as an outstanding quarterback. There is little to tell of the game in general. Neither team got closer to their o])ponent ' s goal than the 20 yard line. Wisconsin made three un- successful attempts to kick field goals, and linn- esota two. Usually the offensive team took three cracks at the line and then ])uute(l. In this de- partment Marty showed rare ability for, although liis ])uiits were not as long as Taft ' s, his placing -howed marvelous accuracy. .VU Madison was loaded with Ilomcconung dec- orations, and welcomed the Minnesota fans with true hos])itality. From the early part of the morn- ing when all turned out to watch the cross-country race, until the wee hours of the following morning when the last o|)en house closed and the first sjiecial train jjulled out for Minneapolis, the Gopher rooters were unable to find a dull corner or a dull moment in all the Badger city. Coop ' Ahr Page SSJt Northtveslcrn Phiiii c Fail. MINNESOTA 34, NORTHWESTERN 14 On X()veml)er 8, in one of tlie most s])e(t;i(ular games of the year, the Maroon and Gold warriors overwlieimingly crushed the Northwestern eleven by a score of 34-14. The game was full of thrills from whistle to whistle. It ke])t the s])ectators on their feet from the time that Herman, versatile Purple end, after 15 seconds of jilay, snatched a blocked pass and ran half the length of the field for a touchdown, until the end of the game and linnesota had piled up her colossal lead of 20 points. The main feature of the game was the return of Earl Martineau, Minnesota ' s fighting cap- tain, to his old-time form. Marty jjlayed one of the best games of his career, and incidentally removed all doubt of the All. American calibre. Not far behind him in si)ectacular |)erforniance was Graham, who, participating in his second Big Ten game, dazzled the crowd with his spec- tacular runs, and handled his team with first class generalship. Men-ill Graham Schjoll Page SSo MINNESOTA 20. IOWA 7 Swanbeck Iowa ' s chain " f five coiisecutive victories over the Maroon and (iold was broken on Odolier 17, when the Go])liers (lefeated the Hawkeyes in the football I ' eatnre of the 1923 Honu-coniini;. The score was 20 to 7. More than 26,000 spectators, a record attendance for Xorthrojj field, witnessed the contest. It was the final Homecoming game played on Northroj) field. Iowa had been favored to win the battle but Minnesota upset all [irediction and by irtue of a well timed and ])owerful attack swept the lowans oft ' their feet. Minnesota scored first in the middle of the first period, marc ' hing down the field in a series of line bucks and end runs to Iowa ' s 21 yard line where a pass, Martineau to Eklund, scored a touchdown. Early in the second ciuarter a similar march down the field brought the Gophers to Iowa ' s 25 yard line. . fake crisscross formation followed, Martineau going through the line for the sei-ond touc ' hdown. Iowa scored in the third ((uarter, working the ball to linnesota ' s 18 yard line. A 15 yard penalty in ])osed on Minnesota brought the lowans to the three yard mark. A backfiehl fumble followetl. but Otte, Iowa tackle, recovered and scored the touchdown. ful in the try-for-point attenii)t. The final Minnesota score came shortly afterward, howevei Martineau making a 2() yard dash around left end. Captain Earl Martineau, jjlaying lii. last home game for Minnesota, ripped oft ' gain after gain in brilliant displays of broken field running. He was greatly aided by Malcolm (irahani frequent long gains helped to ])ut the Go- phers in a position to score. Carl Lidlierg made repeated line plunges for big gains and Ray Eklund, catching pass after pass from " Marty, " caused the lowans no end of worry. The ]Minne- sota line, outweighed 10 pounds or more to the man, outj layed the Hawkeye forward wall through- out the contest and aided materially in tlie (iopher victory. Hut it was mainly the everlasting teamwork of the Gophers — their unity of effort — that won for Minnesota the victory in the last Homecoming game on Northrop field. Peterson Fisher was success- Usler Grose Puye 336 J omecojr Lji Q% m %■ o o i u i e t e I? f h ' ; u ' :. V ' ■ ' .•■; ' --v ■■ ;, iu ' v " . " " Pflffc 3.3? Graham AvoitLs Wolrcriiw Tackier MINNESOTA 0. MICHIGAN 10 With a recorfl of two shames won and one tied in their Conierence season, the Gophers traveled to Ann Arl)or on Xovemher 25 witli high hopes of defeating Michigan and recapturing the " little brown jug " , whicli had reposed for three years in the Wolverine den. Victory over Michigan would give Minnesota a tie for the Big Ten championship, and break up a series of several con- secutive defeats she had suffered at the hands of her eastern neighbor. After the game was under way and Minnesota was just beginning to disjjlay her strong offensive attack, her teamwork suffered a severe blow by the injury of Graham. The s])eedy quarterback had just completed a 2S yard run in returning a punt, when he was so severely hurt that he had to be carried from the field. . .s the result of this misfortune the Northmen ' s brilliant march goalward was halted. Here Mich- igan seized her chance for victory. With des- perate playing and accurate forward passing, she pushed over a touchdown and a drojikick, which gave her a safe margin. By her victory over Minnesota, Michigan earned a tie with Illinois for the Conference chamiiionshij), and was recognized as one of the strongest teams in the country. Captain Martineau, playing his last game for the Maroon and Gold, held together the morale of his team by taking the pilot ' s helm after Graham had been forced from the game by injury. The extra responsibility thus placed upon him hindered his own ])laying and kept him from attaining tiie standard of his jirevious games; nevertheless he still showed himself a dangerous triple threat man. worlliy of .Vll-American consideration. In this game Carl Lidberg came into the lime- light, nud-;ing consistent gains both through the line anil around the ends. Excejjtional playing was also done l)v Eklund and Cox on the line. Fiirst liulUl I ' uge 33S THE ALL-AMERICAN SELECTIONS II alfcr ( am p ' k I?()inar. ' aii(lcil)ilt Milstead. Vale Hiil)l)ai(l. Ilaixaid Hlott. Mich. Bedeiik, Peiiii. St. Siiiidstroin. ( ' oriifll Ila .cl, Hutucr- Pfaiiii, ( ' oint ' JI (Iraiiac 111. MAHTIXK.Vl . MrXX. -Mallorv. Valf I ' crvi IliiiK lildii ' a Macrae, Milstead. Vale Hul)l)ar(i, Harvard (iarhisch. Army Hodcnk. IViiii.St. Siiiidstroiu. ( " oriiell EKLrXl). MIXX. I ' faiiii, Cornell (iraiiije. 111. Wilson. IVmi. St. -Mallorv, Yale Pos. L. E. L. T. L. G. C. R. G. R. T. R. E. Q. L. H. R. H. F. B. ] ' (liter KchrrsdU ' s KKI.rXI). MIXX. Below. Wis. McMillan. 111. Hlott. Micli. Iluhhard. IIar ar(l Milstead, Yale Macrae, Syracuse Pfann, Cor?icll Grange, 111. Miller, Notre Dame Mallorv. Yale RESUME OF MINNESOTA FOOTBALL ' Waller (amp From the very early day.s of modern football at Minne.sota, I have been i)articularlv inter- ested m the develo]Muent of the teams there, and their contributions to advance plavs in the game The " Mmne.sota Shift " was one of these, which made a deej) iiui)ression ui)on the i)lav of all teams throughout the country. But in the last year or two, there has been still further progress made m the game, and it has interested me very much to follow the development of the ' new Gopher coaching system and to see what excellent results Mr. Si)auldin« is acconi])lishin " - It was also an especial pleasure to see Martineau come to his own. a thing tliat in previous stCisons injuries have jn-evented, and to do himself justice on the gridiron. One should bear in mind however, that even this great star had to be well supported bv hi.s teammates and the character ot the play.s, and that accrues largely to the credit of the coaching system and speaks well for the future ot Minnesota teams. THE NEW MINNESOTA SYSTEM liy Walter Echersall With the Spaulding football system thoroughly established at the Fniversitv of Miniiesot-i the Go].hers .should be a strong .ontender for the 1!)24 Big Ten gri.liron champion ' shii) if the re-idars e.scai)e injuries early in the season. " Bill SiKuilding knows football and he knows how to teach it. He demonstrated his ability in 1923 when Minne.sota lost but one game and that to Michigan. The (iojihers hel.l Wisconsin ' to a scoreless tie and were victorious over Northwestern and Iowa. During the past .season, regulars and substitutes began to grasp the coach ' s ideas with the result carefully ])lanned formations were ex- ecuted in the games for the desired results. ( " oach Spaulding will have a strong nucleus for a I ' owerful ele en in 1924. . few shifts may be made in the backfield, while a stonewall forward wall is practically assured. (iraliam should be aniniig the leading fpiarterbacks in the country and his year ' s exjjerience should aid him inimen.selv in(lirecting his team ' s attack in another season. Of course the mighty Martineau will be missed, but Lidberg, one of the promising backs of the Confer- ciii-c. should lc clo|i into an e en greater jilaver than he was in l!)2o. Generally- s])eaking, .Minnesota sjiould ha e just as good, if not better i)rospects for 1924 than any university in the Conference. Every close follower of the game in the middle west will not begrudge this success to Coach Spaulding. who is a thorough sportsman and one of the most football mentors in the country. ■; ,■ «, Captain Martineau Page 3S9 SOME HIGH LIGHTS OF THE PAST By fitiirin A. IJuiioii {Sporls I lielieve the tensest moment I ever ex- perienced while covering football games during the twenty-one years that I have written sports occurred as I watched Ed Rogers prepare to kick goal following the touchdown in that niemorahle struggle be- tween Minnesota and Michigan at Northrop Field on the afternoon of October 31, 1903. Forty-eight thousand eyes belonging to twenty-four thousand rabid football bugs were glued upon Minnesota ' s doughty cap- tain and end as he made ready for that try at goal which meant so much to the Gopher team and its followers. A heart-lu ' eaking defeat or a tie in the greatest game ever played upon a western gridiron depended upon Rogers ' trusty toe that afternoon. Im- agine the situation. The two great teams had battled all afternoon and the players were in a state of exhaustion. Defeat had stared Minnesota in the face until the final minutes of i)lay when the (;oi)hers, by a superhuman effort, had rushed the ball down the field and across Michigan ' s goal line, leaving the score, six to five, in favor of the Wolverines. One point stood between Minnesota and a tie or defeat. It was up to Rogers to make that all- important point. Darkness had settled down over the field and it was with difficulty that spectators could make out the forms of the players. AYith the stoicism and deliberate- ness characteristic of the Indian. Rogers care- fully measured the distance between the ball held by a teammate and the goal ujirights. Then, three short, swift step.s and funk went Rogers ' cleated shoe against the ball and it sailed squarely between the uprights for the Editor, The Minneapolis Trihuni] point that the Minnesota players an l adlier- ents had ])rayed for. The crowd rushed upon the field and it was impossible for the officials and policemen to clear the gridiron. Hecause of the darkness and the fact that less than sixty seconds remained to be ])layed, ( ' a])tains Rogers and Redding agreed to call the game. Speaking of field goal kickers, Minnesota boasted of a star in this department of the game in 1U()7 in the person of George ( ' ai)ron. Minnesota scored only 55 points in the five games ])layed that .season and ( ' ai)ron ' s trusty right foot was resininsible for 44 of those ])oints. He droi)-kicked eleven goals in those five games and missed several more by the narrowest margin. On a wet fieki that att ' orded a treacherous footing, " Cape " nego- tiated three goals against the Badgers, ( ' ap- ron ' s work in 1907 placed him among the greatest field goal kickers of all time. I believe the most wonderful exhibition of football from a standjioint of [lerfect team- work was that given by the Mimiesota team of 1911 against Chicago. The Gophers, cap- tained by Earle Pickering, jjlayed jierfect football and defeated the Maroons, 30 to 0. linnesota ' s offense was superb and every play attempted was successful. The linne- sota shift never was .seen to better advantage and every ])lay went off with clocklike pre- cision. The Go])hers also jjresented a defense that com])letely baffled the efi ' orts of the Maroons to make any noticeable gains. The Minnesota team did not make a single fum- ble, a remarkable record inasnuic h as it was in possession of the ball during the greater part of the contest. Clapp A seller Mathc Page SJfi [7KD(iMDiIHiHBSS{iMrHIHIHIHEH3 Sa til ? 1 f— 1 [i iKiHiHiHSHlHi SiilMSS S® BASKETBALL Minnesota ' s showing in the Western Conference baskethall race of 1924 can be consideretl neither as an niKinalified suc- cess nor as a total failure. Out of a total of 17 games ] layecl, the (iojihers won nine and lost eight. Twelve of the contests were Hig Ten games. Of these [iniies()ta won Hve and lost seven. In the final Confer- ence standing the Maroon and Gold team was listed eighth, with a percentage of 417. The (iophers scored a total of 349 points to their o])])onents 351, in twelve Big Ten encounters. Pesek, Eklund aiid Rasey ranked high among the individual scorers, taking fifth, seventh, and thirteenth jjlace, respectively. Looking forward to pros])ects for next year ' s team, it is found that of this year ' s s((ua l. Captain-elect Dunder, Rasey, Wheeler, Ascher and iJecker remain. To holster and strengthen this line-up, there are several bright ])rospects from the fresjinum team, wlio have ])ut in a year ' s hard apprenticeship at the hands of their coach. Coach Taylor. With this substan- tial string of veterans, supi)orted by the new candidates from the frosh. Doc. Cooke will have good material with which to form his 192. macliine. It should bid for a high Con- ference standing. At the start of the season, the Gophers looked like strong contenders for Rig Ten honors. Then came the setbacks. It develoi)ed that captain-elect Sever- inson would not be eligible for the team. Wolden, the depend- aV)le forward of last year, did not return to sclu)ol. Eklund was nnat)le to ajjiiear in the lineu]) until after the holidays. So with Cy Olson and Pesek as a Cdpfain Ohon Page S4I nucleus. Doc Cooke began developing his 1924 team. The first practice game of the season was jjlayed with Notre Dame on De- cember 8. The Gophers downed the Irish team liy a score of 22-21. The following londay saw the team from Indiana emerge victorious in a second contest. The Minnesota men staged a fighting rally in the second half but failed to cut down the lead sufficiently. The final score was 19-13. Ames furnished the opposition for the third practice tilt. The lowans put up a stift ' battle, but were defeated, 17-12. Two games with Grinnell were turned into wins for the Maroon and Gold. The contests were played during the holiday period, Minnesota winning the first game 38-17 and the second 25-19. With Eklund in the lineup, Minnesota got away to a flying start on January 5, trouncing the Illinois cjuint by a score of 36-20. During the first half and a portion of the second period the game was a toss-up, with both teams going strong. " Black " Ra.sey and Roger AMieeler were shifted into the lineup in the last few minutes of jilay and the Gophers forged into a l(i jxiint lead within 10 minutes. The first half ended 11-9 in favor of Minnesota. On the following Saturday the invading Indiana team handed the Gophers their first Con- ference defeat of the year in a rough, fast game. The score was 29-23. Minnesota trailed on the short end of an 18-8 .score at half time. Shortly after the start of the second period, the Gophers spurted. Pesek .scored twice from the field in rapid succession. Eklund followed with four more, but Indiana regained its stride and held the lead to the finish. The work of Minnesota was less polished than the brand exhibited in the Illinois game the previous Saturday. Ray Eklund starred for Minnesota on the ofi ' ensive, with Rasey and Dunder also doing good work. Parker, B r H m ' M Hk W Mm Couch Cooki Cojfman {Manager) M-. t ' hj. m !J « ' -fe Gillan Eklund Can field Page 34 ft.t JS tiij ' % Cooke Becker Ascher D under Olson Rasey Anderson Pesek Ra, ■ ■! raii y Indiana fcntor, and Nyikos (jorl ' onned best for tlie Hoosiors. Minnesota sutt ' ered its next Western Conference sethaek at the hands of Purdne on January Ifl. The score was 37-27. The Bnilerniakers bewildered tlie (i( ])hers In- their consistent drive and otfective shooting. The (iophers worked best in the first period, holding the Purdue team to a 19-17 score. Minnesota ' s offensive suffered in the middle of the second half, when Eklund and Pesek were removed from the game for jicrsonal fouls. Des|)ite the efforts of Minnesota, CiuUion, Rolibins anfl Spradling ran riot, scoring basket after basket. In their first game of an extended road trip the Maroon ami Gold cagers lost to Michigan in a heartbreaking contest, by a 32-31 score. The score at the half was 12 all, and the lead alternated during the early ]iart of the second period. Minne- sota finally took a lead which was not lost until Haggerty, star Wuhcrine for- ward, caged a field goal in I lie iinal minute. Four minutes before the final whistle Minnesota led by five ]joints. Cherry and Kipke scored from the field to cut down the lead and then came Haggerty ' s field goal. Eklund was the outstanding lu- minary of the game, credited with five field goals, and two free throws. Rasey was a close second scoring four times from the field, and twice from the foul line. Minnesota made good every free throw. Ohio scored a win over the Gophers two days later. The score was 33-29. Minnesota again held the lead up to the last few minutes of play. At the end of the first half the score stood 22-18 in favor of the Go])hers. " Black " Rasey was the high .scorer of the game, chalking u]) seven field goals. I5y virtue of their victory the Buck- eyes advanced to eighth place in the Conference standing while _ liniicsota dropped to ninth place. Indiana downed the Cio])liers for the second time on February 2 at Bloom- ington. The score was 39-25. Minnesota staged a rally late in the final period, coming within three points of tying the Hoosiers. But I lie Indiana defense tightened at the crncial moment and were ini- IK-netrablc thereafter. Cy Olson was elected to the ca])taincy by his teammates to succeed Harold Sevcrinson who resigned because (.r liis ineligibility. Pe.sek and Eklund starred for the Gophers in this game, while Sjjonster and Xyikos i)layed best for the Crimson. Purdue nosed out the Goi)hers in the final game of the road trip by a 40-37 score. The game was hotly contested throughout, and an extra period was n ' edcd to decide the victor. The score al the end of the regular two |)erio(ls was knotted at 37. A foul goal by Ca])tain Gullion, followed by a field goal by Spradling, won the game for the Boilermakers. Five times during the first half the score was tied but successive field goals by Rasey, Eklund and Pesek imt Minnesota in the lead at half lime. 24-21. Robbins and (iiillion starred for runlnc. Ilic I ' ornicr registering seven field goals. Ekhnul Dinidrr {C i jilfiiii-rltrl) Pcsch Following their six i;;mie slump, the (iophers eanie hark to the Armory and surprised Michigan with a ' 27-l(J win on Fehruary 11. Minnesota stepjied aiicad of Iowa ami iiiln eighth place as a result ol ' the victory. The game was a slow exhibition. Minnesota hroke into the lead at the start, and maintained the advantage through- out. " Cy " Pesek was llie high scorer of the game with five field goals to his credit. Eklund ] erformed in his usiuil brilliant nuuiner and Dander did exce|)tionally good work at guard. . driving finish, which resulted in 11 ])oints for Minnesota, featured the game with Northwestern on the following Saturday. The final score was 24-I() in favor of the ( " ookemen. linnesota wa.s forced to the limit to defeat the weak Purple team. lost of the Gophers were oft ' form in this encounter, and it was only because of the great work of Pesek that victory was certain. The first half, whicii ended ()-. " ) in favor of Northwestern, wa.s a poor exhibition of basketball. The lead alternated in the second period until the final (ioi)her s])urt occurred. Pesek scored 13 of the Minnesota |)oints. Graham and Kershaw did the most consistent playing for Northwestern. Minnesota con(iudc(i its home stand on March 1 with a 41-38 victory over ( )hio, a victory which i)ut the Buckeyes out of the championship running, and counter- l alanced the earlier defeat administered by the Ohio team to Doc. Cooke ' s squad. The Goi)hers were trailing at the end of the first half, 18-16. In the second period a .sensational spurt on the l)art of Minnesota ran the score to 39-24 in their favor. The Buckeyes steadily cut down the lead during the remainder of the game, despite the close guarfling. Gaiitain Cy Olson starred on the tlefensive for linnesota. Northwestern (lrop])ed into last place in the Conference standing as a result of the victory achieved l)y the (io])hers over the Purple on March 8 at Evanston. The game was a slow en- counter as was the Northwestern-Minnesota game ])layed at Minnesota. The score was 30-20. Two days later Minnesota met Illinois at Urbana in the final clash of the year. The Gophers were downed by the score of 31-19. The game was won by Illinois on free throws, 17 ])oints being scored from the foul line. " ' Slim ' " Stillwell, Illinois center, was the scoring star. The rangy ])ivot was fouled eight times by Minnesota ])layers. six times under the basket. He registered 11 |)oints. Letter men for the 1924 basketball season are; Ca|)t. Olson, Captain-elect Dunder, Eklund, Pesek, Rasey. Wheeler and Man- ager Coft ' nuui. Olson, Pesek and Eklund will not return next year. FINAL BIG TEN STANDINGS Team— W. L. Pet. Chicago • 8 4 fi()7 Ilfinois 8 4 ()(i7 Wisconsin 8 4 tili Purdue 7 5 583 Ohio State 7 5 583 Indiana 7 5 583 Michigan 6 6 500 linnesota 5 7 417 Iowa 4 8 333 Northwestern 12 000 ' .v. 0pp. 318 279 327 267 278 258 355 356 358 322 346 293 280 288 349 351 292 339 234 360 niiecic Page 34 J, ( vx «: , . x «: 4: «yi? [ «««« U«7Zi 7: ' ( WiV BASEBALL Tliougli tlif record of Miiincsota ' s 1923 liaschall s iua(l was not brilliant, the season l)()inted out the weaknesses of the baseball system at Minnesota. It showed that Minnesota spring weather would not allow the squad sufficient training season. In order to remedy this handicap, the 1924 s(|uad made the first southern training tri]) in the University ' s history and the team was given ample training to prepare it for the opening of the Big Ten race. 1924 is the third and last year of baseball ' s trial period at Minnesota. Its fate next year will dei)end on the support given it this spring. The second year of baseball ' s three year trial ])eriod at Minnesota was officially opened on March 8, at which time a general meeting of all candidates was held in the band room of the Armory. About 65 men reported and heard talks by Coach AVatrous and lanager Clears in regard to plans for the season and ideas on training and con- ditioning. Captain lyrum, third bjiseman, Friedl and Gambil, substitute ])itcher and out- fielder, were the only members of the 1922 team remaining. With these as a nucleus, daily ])ractices started immediately on the gym floor. Outdoor practice fl|| ' began April 13. Be- ' cause the hockey rink P had been located on the diamond at Xorthroj) field ami conserpiently the ground had not dried sufficiently, the pa- rade ground was used as a practice field. After only three days of outdoor practice, the first game was ])laycd on a hurriedly prepared field. Ham- line defeated Minne- sota in a loosely played g a m e . mU ' ( » ( ' (iptaiii M nim Page 343 Many candidates for positions were used tlirouohout the contest to test their worth under fire. The following week Minnesota jour- neyed to Northfield for a clash with St. Olaf. The St. Olaf team defeated the Maroon and Gold on a soggy diamond, by the score of 8-5. linnesota scored its first victory on April 2.5, winning over Macalester on Northrop field by a 9-G count. During these games every var- sity aspirant was given a tryout. A. R. Jensen of Jordan Junior High School, E. L. Smith of the school of mines and Stromwell, an undergradu- ate of the dental college, assisted Coach Watrous during the season. Through the courtesy of George K. Belden ' 98, members of the jjitching staff of the Minneapolis American Association team Coach Wiifr Hears (Manager) aided with valuable advice. The Conference season was opened against Northwestern on April 28. I.ynian Pierce ' 02, director of the Stadium-Auditorium Memorial Drive, ])itched the first ball. lore tluin 1.200 enthusiasts saw the (Gophers stage a ninth inning rally to cut down a four run lead, emerging victorious by a score of 10-i). Herb Hartfiel, after pitching a good game for nine innings, won his own game in that inning with a clean hit to left field. Greatly encouraged by this showing Minnesota played Iowa the following Saturday, and after tying the score in an uphill contest, won the game in the fourteenth inning. This was probably the most exciting game ])layed at Northrop field since the revival of liaseball as a major sport. On the following Monday Carleton succeeded in vanquishing the (Jo|)hers by a 6-5 score. Minnesota invaded Madison on May 12, in com])any with the track team. In the first inning (ia mbU mrrll jnith ll ' iifrui, fuale ' Xouch) Cltrisl ' jun Ihtrificl Myrum {Capt.) McMiirpltn FrU ' dl RumMr A nih ' i Page 346 the I5a(l.i. ' cr made ciiilil riiii , Imt al ' tcr this one had inniiifi Fricdl allowed hiil two hits. Tlic (ioi hers tried hard to overcome the handirai) of the first iiiiiin ; l)iit when the game ended the score stood lO- ' .l in favor of Wisconsin. After three days of intensive practice, tlie Gojjhers started a three game tri]) by lo-iiii; to Kalania .oo State Normal. Hill Foote (lid llie pitching in this game. Friedl aiul Hartfiel resting up for the Michigan ' ame. The final score was S-O. Mdshirilrh .Sea. Aiiniiis: I hill, . iiiii At Ann ArVxir. on the next day. Minne- sota tackled Michigan. F ' riedl and Lever- ence appeared on the respective Minnesota held the lead l.y a 3-2 count until the .seventh inning when Michigan garnered a total of .seven runs with six hits and four Gopher errors. On the following dav the Wolverines again proved too strong for Mnmesota. defeating them 11-3. Hartfiel latched for the Gophers in this game. The only bright spot tor Minne.sota was FriedFs home run in the seventh inning, whi.h scored Bros and Foote ahead ot him. On May 2ti. Friedl. i)itching one of the best games of his career, despite the fact that he was crippled, lost a hotly contested duel to Johnson of Wi.seonsin. The Badgers scored two runs in the fourth inning to win the game. The final trip of the season began on June 1. For the second time, the Goi hers gave North- western the bitter end of the score in a 4-0 game. The next Monday found the Goi.hers facing the Hawkeves, in their second tilt, at Iowa City. In this game the Hawkeyes avenged their former defeat, turning the Gophers back 3-1. Fricdl was barely nosed out in the iMtchmg duel. In the midst of finals a double header was played with Ohio. Friedl aiul Workman engaged in a pitching duel, the outcome of which was doubtful until the eleventh inning when Michaels, the Buckeye first sacker. crashed a homer over the fence. In the .second game, with Hartfiel on tlie mound. Minnesota was again defeated. M yrnm tit Hut Page 347 -fe fe I ' uye S4S TRACK Coacli T. ■■ clli( ' " Motf-alf ' s first year of I rack liitcla f at Miiiiiosota was, considei- iiiii availahlo material, a very successful one. (iojiher track teams have always been feared in Big ' Ten circles, and the 1928 sea- son was no exception. The Gophers didn ' t l)ring ' back crowning victories at every meet hut the 1923 team was consistent with the Minnesota teams of history, giving a good account of itself everywhere, and ujjholding tiic reputation of the Northmen of old. Coach Metcalf ' s proteges included a num- ber of i)erforniers who l)ecanie renowned in Big Ten circles diu ' ing the season as stars in their events. Latest available reports on the present 1924 squad show a gradual strengthening of the (iophers in most events, and the further develo])ment of the star per- formers of the 1923 season. At the Illinois Relay Carnival, March 1, 1924, Brown stamped himself as ecjual to the foremost distance men by winning the special 1500 meter run and breaking the Illinois record by nearly five seconds. In the Indoor Conference meet at Northwestern, Gross came into his own by taking second in the shot i)ut. Brown jjlaced third in the mile, Towler fourth in the high hiu ' dles, with Campbell tied for fourth in the high jumi). Over 300 men en- rolled for indoor and outdoor track during the 1923 season, an a])|)reciable increase over the enrollment of the previous year. Much credit for the increasing interest dis])layed in this m any-uni t sport is due to the staff ' s efforts. ' arious in- t r a m u r a 1 contests were held throughout both indoor and out- door seasons, name- ly, interclass, inter- scholastic, interfra- teriiity, all-freshman, all-university and Cai liiin M ' ill.wn I ' uyc .349 handicap meets, which uncovered a number of promising varsity candidates for coming seasons. Prizes and loving cups were awarded to winning teams in the inter-fraternity relays and medals and ribbons to ])lace winners in the other meets, which greatly enhanced interest in these events and proved incentives to a greater field of contestants. Lack of adecjuate training and practice facilities continues to be the greatest handicap to Minnesota ' s success in Big Ten track. This sport is hit harder than others because of the failure of the antiquated Armory to jjrovide a satisfactory all-year-round indoor track for practice during the winter season and disagreeable spring weather. At times it was almost impossible to crowd all would-be entrants at intra- mural meets during the indoor season, and interest flagged accordingly. Coach Metcalf hopes, however, that with the new stadium the greater facili- ties will enable all men who enroll to practice and participate in all meets at will. Eleven lettermcn of the 1U22 season returned to the l ' J2o team, laptain " Stew " WilLson, dashes, Louis Gross, weights, Samuel Campbell, jumps, Carl Schjoll, javelin, Harold Hirt, distances, B. L. Xeubeiser, weights. Earl Martineau, hurdles, " Spike " Winter, distances, J. L Faricy, jumps, Agge Madsen and Fred Oster, weights. " Rudy " Hultkrans, dash ace, was un- able to compete because of injuries, and Winter was lost to the team after graduation at the end of the winter cjuarter. Around this nucleus coach Met- calf built his 1923 squad. Other veterans of the 1922 squad who returned to make their bids for varsity berths were John Towler, 1924 cai)tain-clect, W. O. French, Alvin Fuhrman, Russell Ulrich, Henry Niles, Melvin Kelly, Dave Sperling and E. C. Howard. Frosh luminaries returning were Lyman Brown. .Vlfred I ' artridgc. Robert ( ranston, Willia m (iruciiliagcn, Donald McLaughlin and Arthur .Jacobson. Minnesota ' s 1923 team was particularly strong in the weights and luirdles. while in the middle distances and pole vault was comiiaratively weak, due to the dearth of material. Lijuries, ineligi- bilities, and other influences and mishaps caused havoc at times with the Gopher squad, and lessened the Maroon and Gold possibilities for the season. Practically the same personnel remains for the 1924 s([uad, most events retaining their 1923 ijcrfornicrs. Nine meets nuide up the 1923 schedule. One dual meet, with Northwestern, on February 16, Coach Mclcalf l). ,i i ' l f Clark Howard Varlndijt Olson Cafhcruood Metcalf (Coach) Gruenbagen Cranston Towler Monson AV yUes McLaughlin Jacobson Madsen Martineau Campbell Willson (Capt.) Schjol! Gross Xeubeiser Hirt Brown Page 350 Campbell BromI Jumping til Ihr A I-Confereiice Meet ami the Illinois Relays, at Urhana, Illinois, on March 3, composed the indoor program. Three dual meets, with Wisconsin, Northwestern, and Iowa, the Kansas and Drake Relays, the Conference and National Collegiate Athletic x .ssociation meets, seven in all. constituted the 1923 outdoor season. Minnesota was unable to coin])ete in the Annual Indoor Conference Meet on March Kith ami 17th at Northwestern I ' niversity because of conflicts with s|)rin ' ciuarter exams. The first meet of the year with Northwestern, at Evanston, resulted in a (jojiher victory, 45 to 30. Minnesota won four firsts, five seconds, and six third places, while Northwestern secured four firsts, three seconds and three third jilaces. Towler, AVillson, Kelly, Cranston, and Gross were the Minnesotans who co|)])ed first honors in their events for the Maroon and Gold. Cranston led the Minnesota scoring with six points. The .second meet, the Sixth Annual Indoor Relay Carnival, at I ' rhaua. Illinois, saw five Northmen ])articipating. Towler placed third in the .Vll-Round ilianii)ionslii]), and Cani])l)ell tied for second place in the high juni]). On April 21st Minnesota began her 1923 outdoor .season at the Kansas Relays, held at Law- rence, Kansas. At this meet Minnesota ' s two mile relay team, composed of Lyman BrowTi, .Vlfred Partridge, Harold Hirt and W. M. Winter, placed second. Gross placed third in the discus throw, as did Campbell in the high jumj). Towler took fourth place in the low hurdles and AMUson earned a fifth in the UJO yard dash. At the Drake Relays, on April 27 and 28. Towler, sterling Gopher hurdler, jjlaced first in the high hurdles in near-record time, and Gross took fifth in the discus event, as did Campbell in the high jump. The Maroon and (iold two mile relay team, consisting of Howard, Brown, Hirt and Winter, took sixth place in that event. On May 12th, the Goi)her tracksters to A isconsin at Madison iiy a score of 54 to 81. Towler of Minnesota won three firsts, Gross copped two, Schjoll one. and Camp- bell tied for a first. High jjoint men of the meet were Towler, with 15 to his credit, and Gross of Minnesota with 13 i)oinls. At Minneaijolison May 19, the(iophers Page S51 (jrn.i.t Hurls Ihe Dixrux Touier Leads Ihe Hiyhs downed Xorthwestern for a second time, by a score of 88 to 47, on a rainy day and a very heavy track. The Gophers, true to form, were especially strong in the field events, where they took all except one first place. Gross and Campbell each took two firsts, Schjoll, Towler, Gruenhagen, and Martineau each winning one first place. The high |)()int man of the meet was Gross of linne- sota, who copped 13 points. The dual meet of the year was held at Minneajiolis on May 26, when Iowa downed the Gophers. The score was 58 2 to 76 ' 2 t might have been six ])oints closer had not Coach Met- ealf refused to accept the disqualification of Asliton of Iowa by the referee, and allowing him to re- tain second place in the one mile run. Towler and Gross each gained two firsts at this meet, and Camiibell. Brown, and Schjoll each won a first rank. Minnesota showed her sujiremacy in field events very markedly against the Hawkeyes, but could not measure up to the visitors in the track events, and so was forced to take the .short end of the score. Towler of Minnesota and Wilson of Iowa shared higli point honors with 13 tallies each, and Gross of Minnesota took second in the scoring. On June 1 and 2, Minnesota entered six men in the annual Outdoor Conference Meet at Ann Arbor. Michigan. Ca])tain-elcct Towler, with two second places, in the 120 yard high liurdles and 220 yard low hurdles, and, with a .second rank in tli events, led the Minne.sota scoring. Campbell pla(» ' (| fdurtli in IIk Brown, and Schjoll, the remaining Minne- sota entrants, each ranked sixth in the 220 yard, the one mile run, and the javelin throw, respectively. The last meet of the season, the Na- tional Collegiate Association event, was held at Chicago, Illinois, on June 1.5 and 16. Due to the close proximity of the s])ring tpiarter exams. Coach Metcalf was able to enter but three Minnesota men. Gross with two fifth places, in the shot |)ut and the di.scus throw, and Schjoll, with a fourth in the javelin throw, were the Maroon and Gold .scorers. The early ])art of the 1924 track season has shown the team to be of much the same calibre as the 1923 aggregation, and with Page 3o hot mi and a third in the discus road jump and Gruenhagen, i Clin jibi ' ll Hiijh Jiimpiiiij m ■■i l »ytiTr titi»i i»T»r ' I ' TnT ' T ' l ' I ' TTT ' I ' t I - ■i 1 fc. " v.. ' . ■J Broirii II v J c Aijainst liiint ;il)i)ul ( ' (lual cliaiiccs for |)la(iii in All- ( ' onfcrcnco coinix tition. Some loss lias been sustained llirouf;li ineligihility, and a lew nicnihers have been added from the ) ' 2 ' . ' freshman s |ua(l; Imt for the most i)art the personnel is unchanged. Captain Towler, Gross, Brown, SchjoU, and f ' anipbell liave showti the ability to remain in the ranks of ])oint- vinners in the strongest competition. Brown, continuing in the mile the sensational work he began on the cross-country tea m last fall, is rapid- ly forging to the place of one of the best distance men in the country. lie is liiuie- sota ' s best bet for the Olympic games. The weights and hurdles continue to be Minnesota ' s strongest events. Towler and Martineau with lattice, a new man on the squad, are a trio of hurdlers that should swee]) all jioints in most of the meets. (Iross and Sc-lijoll, both linnesota record holders, hold their long established ])laces as stellar weight men. Campbell, holder of the local high jump record, is also winning points in his last year of competition. HOLDERS OF MINNESOTA TRACK AND FIELD RECORDS Event Record Same Year Made 100 Yard Dash m% Stanley Hill ' 12 1910 220 Yard Dasli :213i B. F. Johnson ' 20 1920 440 Yard Dash :50i5 0. C. Nelson ' 00 1S99 Half M i- Hum 1:58 Mearl Sweitzer ' 23 1922 Oni- M i- Run 4:23K Mearl Sweitzer ' 23 1922 Twd Mile Klin 9:43K . ndre v Ilovcrstad ' 22 1922 120 Yd. Hijjh Hiird. :15 Karl . nderson ' 22 1921 220 Yd. Low Ilurd. :24 Karl Anderson ' 22 1921 Pcih ' Vault 12 ft. 3 in. William Hawker ' 22 1922 Hi li .Jiiinp 6 ft. 1 in. Samuel Caiiipliell ' 24 1923 Kriiad Jniiip 22 ft. ll i in. H. Lambert " 12 1912 Shot Put 44 ft. 1134 in. Leonard Frank ' 12 1912 Discus Throw 133 ft. 5 in. Louis Gross ' 2.5 1922 Hammer Throw 139 ft. 10 in. Joseph Fournier ' 14 1914 .Javelin Throw 184 ft. 8} in. Carl Sohjoll ' 24 19-23 Tnirler ( ' lost Hihiiul Hnmhiiis of Inii i Page 353 1 Grire i Gi ' f JffiLr I 4 ' ' J9M» mWw 44 ' «)!M ' N| !«V i 53B.«w! «wsaj»» ■ Qli i-. c H - Siif tJi i % " W " yaa ler Sc ' oll Page S5I, ' . Crajis ott V- .4 9 ll » C!7i H I I FJi m CROSS-COUNTRY Minnesota ' s fifteenth year of cross country liMs proved to he by far the most popuhir in its history here, over 200 men being enrolled for the strenuous sport. Coach Emil W. Iverson, the new Gopher mentor, introduced ori- ginal training methods and novel ideas, which greatly enhance the jjopularity of the s])ort here. The coach believes in building for the future by inducing his men to consistently and conscientiously train frona their fresh- man year up, so that when eligible to com- pete they will be topnotchers. All men were therefore organized into three groups, varsity, ui per class (varsity candidates) and frosh, so that every man competed with those of his own standing. A series of five meets, run throughout the season, the upper class and frosh competing among themselves for gold medals, and the historic ( " arling Cup Meet brought out multitudes of prospective varsity men, on whom Minnesota places her hopes for the future. The historic Carling Cup race returned to the campus this year after a long absence and was run off with a large number of entries soon after the close of the varsity season. Matthews, star per- former of the frosh, was the individual winner, closely jiressed by Pop- kin of the varsity. Interest shown in the meet by the long list of entrants is a hoi)eful sign of the rising ])0|)u- larity of cross country. Excellent opportunity was offered by the race for measuring the ability of men for next year ' s squad by seeing them in competition with this year ' s veterans. Three of last year ' s lettcrmen returned for competition this year, namely. Captain Arthur .hicobson, Lyman Brown and Llovd Vve, to- • , ; ; ■ ' ( a pill III .1 iicobson Page SoS i :T7T PopLiii Sehurk llrotru Uukkcn L ' dpl. Jacnhsoti Morrin Mcf.nughliii Xalhtitisoii Vye getlier with Don J. McLauuhlin and Hoy 1). S lin(k. Two new men, Roy S. Po])kin, who rose from the ranks of the 1022 frosh, antl C larence N ' arner, an okl time cross country man of several years back, showed marked abihty and were rewarded with positions on the varsity squad. H. B. Morrison and E. H. Hakken, both also sophomores, were varsity alternates this season. Of the three dual meets jjarticipated in by Minnesota, the Gopher harriers captured one and dropi ed two, the latter by very close scores. Tlie first meet of the .season, with Grinnell College of Iowa, resulted in a runaway, four of Gopher men crossing the line before a (irinnell man |)ut in an ajjpearance. This early meet showed the sterling ((ualities of Lyman Hrown, frosh medic, who later ])roved to lie the most feared man at the .Vll-ronference meet. ' " Hrownie " finished a full minute aliead of the first (irinnell numer, with three other Go])hers l)eliin(i him. Tlie score was 17 to 38, and tiic order of finish IJrown (M), Jacobson (M), McLaughlin (M), Vye (M), Meyer (G). Brown ' s time was 26 minutes 59 seconds. The first Conference meet of the year was held at Madison, AVisconsin, with the Badgers, on October 27th. A rainy, muddy day did not prevent Brown from winning handily, his time being 26 :- yalhunsoii ( Munaijer) Page 356 Codch Irt ' r. ' ott i ■ -J Hntirii lircdks Tape ai Madison iniiiiilos Hi socoiid . He finished a good liMiiiliod yards ahead of Bergstresser, who took second, for the Badgers. Captain .JacuhsiMi took fourth phaee, but Minne- sota failed to continue the work of these two stars and lost by the score of 23 to 32. Onh-r of finish was JJrown (M), Bergstresser iWi, riper (W), .Jacobson (M), Read (W). In winning the ni e t B r o w n thrilled the large Home- coming crowds that watched the race by setting a new record for the Wisconsin course. Brown ' s record was exceptional in that it was set over a muddy course. Captain Jacobson in finishing fourth equalled the old Badger record for the event. Huge homecoming crowds saw the Minnesota-Iowa contest on November 17, which Minnesota lost by a heart-breaking single point. The day was ideal, and -Brownie " thrilled the throngs by taking first place and establishing the 1923 Conference record in the remarkable time of 25 minutes, 17 and 9-10 seconds. Not until the tenth man had finished did good fortune desert Minnesota and bestow the winning point on the lowans. The score was 27 to 28, and order of finish: Brown (M), Phelps (I), Jacobson (M), Good- rich (I), Van Ness (I). November 24 saw the Gopher harriers at Columbus, Ohio, along with nine other Big Ten teams, to compete for All-Conference honors. Of all the seventy-odd competitors, Lyman Brown ' s name was the most feared. All authorities conceded him first jilace before the run, but again misfortune overtook the Northmen, for in the crush at the start. Brown and ye each lost one shoe and were forced to continue the remaim-ng four and a half miles with one foot bare. Not until the last stretch, however, did Brown relin.piish his position, the sharp McLaughlin (Cupliiiii-clecl) Tin Sltirl }f ' iscoit.iin Page 357 m m m ti ■ ' . ' .■.V..i.V.l. ' .rv.ij.i.-.».r.M.V ' .-,VT;- m ' r Carling Cup Race cinders proving too much for him. Cap- tain Jacobson sprained his ankle after run- ning one mile, but finished the race. The (i()])liers placed in the following order: Blown (22) Vye (32) Jacobson (34) Pop- kin (3(1) ' arner (43) and tlie team placed seventh on the list. The 1924 Gojjher team will lose two men, Lyman Brown, whose competition is completed this season, and Clarence Varner, who graduates, all the remaining men being on deck for next year ' s scjuad. Coach " Ivy " is ] articularly ojjtimistic over this, liecause with the old s |uad returning, bol- stered up with many promising freshmen and several good 1923 varsity candidates, his methods will have a chance to bear fruit. The series of intra-class contests brought forth, of the freshman numeral winners Orville Matthews, frosh track star, Tonv Grebenc, V. C. Hubbard, G. M. Walsh, L. A. Melin, E. V. Borgl in, and S. S. Easter, who will push the present varsity men hard next year. Other prospective men chosen in the upper-class competi- tion are E. H. Bakken and R. C. Swanson. Those earning Cross Country " M " " s this season are Captain Arthur Jacobson, Lyman Brown, Donald J. McLaughlin, Roy S. Po|)kin. Lloyd L. Vye, and Clarence Varner. Donald McLaughlin was cho.sen 1924 Harrier ca])tain at the annual " M " ban(|uet. The Cross Country Club of Miiuie- sota, the second of its kind in the Big Ten Conference, was formed at the close of the season, the six lettermen of the season being charter members, and Coach Iverson faculty advisor. The club provides for junior and senior membershi])s, both on the basis of sportsmanshi]) and ability to meet the club ' s recjuirements in three distances, 3, 4, and 5 miles. Already several other Big Ten Schools have organized similar clubs, the purpose of which is to foster good sportsmanshiji and the popularity of Cross Country. L ' ndoubtedly the formation of this organization at Minnesota will prove to be one of the most progressive moves made for Cross Country here in its history. Page 358 I k .v .v .v . . . . . . y. y . yA.A . .v » xw ;f VMWM )wm»» ?)M ?ii») )j ; ' AX . .X X. . A XA A A A . I ' AX y. Z HOCKEY f ' ontiiHiiiii; its eii ial)l( ' hockey record of the i); two years, Minnesota won I)oth the 1924 State and Conference championships. Not once throughout the season did there ap- jiear a college hockey team that meas ired up to the (iophers. Out of 15 games played the Maroon and (iold piicksters won 14 and lost hut one, and this only hy a close score. The erection of the hockey rink on the Parade this year greatly facilitated the work of the .squad. In previous years, it was nece.ssary to ])lay ail games at the Hippo- drome rink at the Fair grounds. The new cam])us rink, however, proved adequate for the Conference games and made it easier for the fans to attend. With this year ' s experi- ence as a guide, it is expected that many improvements will be made on the campus rink next year and that it will lie made one of the best in the Conference. On January 1 1 the Iverson squad invaded the northern ])art of the state and defeated Eveleth Junior College in the first game of the season by a score of 7-0. Hil)V)ing was the next victim and fell before the strong Gopher offense for a final count of 4-2. The strong Mar- (|uette sextet served as the opponents in a two game series on January 18 and 19. Before the first game an unfortu- nate ])redicament face l the Maroon and Gold l)uckchasers. Due to a delay in shi])ment of their equi]jment they were forced to use bor- rowed equi|)ment. But even liaving to use tele- plionc books as shin- guards did not stop the Gophers, and the final period ended with Min- nesota on tiic long end of a 2-1 score. Page 359 M innesota Scores on Marquette On the following tlay ca])tain Pond secured the second contest for his team hy netting the lone goal in the second period. The opening of the Conference season found the Minnesota hockeyists pitted against the strong Badger team at Madison. But Iverson ' s squad clearly outclassed their opponents, and annexed the two games of the series by scores of 4-0 and 5-0. In these games Cajjtain Pond, Thoni])son, Younghauer, lann, Olson and Schade starred for the Maroon and Gold. On Feb- ruary 8 and 9 the Marquette pucksters were the Gophers ' opponents on the home hockey rink. In the first contest the game started slowly, not a score being made in the first half hour of ])lay. Soon, however, the Minnesota ])layers hit their stride, and before the game was over, had tallied six counters, leaving Marquette without a single goal. In this game captain Garry of the Marquette squad suffered a broken rib. Minnesota annexed the .second game by a 3-1 score. Probably the most interesting series of games during the season was that with Michigan. The first two games with the Wolverines were played on the Gopher rink. Over 1,500 students saw the contests. The first game was played during a heavy snowstorm which hindered the players in getting the puck down the ice. Iverson ' s men started the game at top speed and put the Ann Arbor pucksters on the defensive for the first two ])eriods. After several unsuccessful trips up the ice, the Gophers scored on a pass Higgins to Olson. Pond came through with a .second goal after four minutes of the last period had ])assed. Then the Ann Arbor boys with their backs to wall put up one of the most desperate fights ever seen on a Minnesota rink. lichigan scored one goal in this final period, and only the strong de- fensive work of the Gophers kept them from getting more. The game ended with Minnesota on the long end of a 2-1 score. J The second Michigan game was H |C:» ' a J nearly a repetition of the first encounter. HF ' ■ » The .score was 2-0 in Minnesota ' s favor. H H v The Wolverines showetl the same fight ' - ' - that they had the night before, but Minnesota ' s superb ])laying was unbeat- able. The following week brought the Min - u j..- ». , ncsota aggregation to Ann Arbor for a • J Bl ' ' 1 ' " " game series. It was on this trij) that the Gophers received their only setback. Minnesota won the first game from Mich- igan with little trouble. The score was 7-1. With the same determination as be- fore, V)ut probably a little overconfident Minnesota entered the last hockey game of the year with Michigan. The ] Iaizc and Blue team started the game with a flash of speed. Before the contest was half over Michigan had three goals to her credit and Minnesota had not yet :? [ioacli Irer.son Hansen [Mdndi er) Page 360 ' _ Wr. ' l " " V T ' l ' ' f ' F» f ' TPT ' l ' J ' T ' TTT ' I »T " lA.AjA.a 1i ' .. ' ..i ' .. ' i. ' -i. ' .i ' .A. ' . . ' -I ' - ' .U ' . . ■ Bfrquist I ' lHicli IrcrsDii Youiiijltauer Sudnr C. Lannford Ilignirts Ohon BagU ' y Thompson Capl. Pond Hansen (Manager) Mann Gustafson Schadc scored. ( ' a])tain Pond rallied his forces and the Gophers i)nt np one last ctt ' orl to avert defeat. One goal was scored, and another, hut before the tying counter coidd be placed in the net the game ended. Michigan had won the contest by the score of .3-2. After the Michigan series, warm weather set in, and the Go])hers were forced to play the last two games of the season in the Coliseum. Wisconsin was forced to yield to Minnesota in both of these games, the final scores being 4-0 for each game. The season as a whole was a most suc- cessful one and every man on the team deserves much credit. Caj tain Pond was I lie high .score nuvn of the Conference, and aided greatly by his speedy skating in block- ing many of tlie opponents. 15agley. ' rhom])son. Olson, Yonngbauer. and Schade also showed up brilliantly as did 15erc|uist, Mann. Gustafson. Langford and Iliggins. The pros])( cts for next year ' s team are exceedingly bright, although six stars are lost by graduation. They are captain Pond, Langford, Gustaf.son. Higgins, Berquist aiul Sudor. However, with such men as Maiui, Schade and Thomi)son, Coach Iversou will have the nucleus of another championship team. Page 361 Mcri ii.llr Illiu-k.s (inphir I ' lich m T ' T " r ' ' 1 ' T ' " ' ll " M ' T MJ l ' » ' l ' T»»I ' f ' tf ' ' l ' ' ' l ' T ' f ' T ' ' ft f f tx - fS y ' iaiier Sf- ' Sc£ade Page 362 m -• m lINi tll lMIIIIT-ITT- ITTr TTITII-T.r.TI.I [®I®I®IeI®I®I©i®i®l®l®l0l®l0lel®XeT®l SWIMMING l)csi)ite the fact that seven letter men from the previous season were hjst by graduation. Coach Niels Thorpe ' s 192 4 tank team develojied into one of the best in the North west. Captain John Faricy, liolder of the national breast-stroke record, failed to return to school, and Hugo Hanft was elected to take his place. A practice meet with the St. Paul Ath- letic Club in their own pool opened the season. It turned out to be the closest meet of the year, and the winner was not decided until after the final event. When the .score was computed each team had an equal number of points, but because the A. C. had won the relay they were, ac- cording to rule, declared victors. The score was 35-34. The Big Ten season opened with a meet with Chicago in the Armory pool, on Jan- uary 25. In spite of the strong competition offered by the Maroon swimmers the Gophers were able to prevail, and won the meet by the close score of 38-30. Looking forward at the end of the season to next year ' s prospects, the excep- tionally good showing of the freshman team, especially Newhouse, Hill, Cooley, Knebel, Ilalbkat, Borg, Barn- acle and Postlewait indicate a wealth of new material to assist the returning veter- ans. These consist of Captain-elect Richter Hanft, Bird, Holmes, Schonek, and several others — all men who have made their mark in this year ' s compe- tition. Although the of Merrill, Wal- lace and ullis will be felt, it should be compensated for by the new additions to the squad and the further development of the renuiining var- sity performers . Capful II Ilaiijl Page SG3 T I» T ' ¥ Conch Thorpt ' February 8 found the Minnesota squad at Iowa City pre- pared for a tilt with the Hawkeyes. The meet was close, and in- volved several disputes as to the validity of the referee ' s decisions. Iowa was finally declared to be on the long end of a 37-31 score. The Gophers journeyed to Madison on February 20, where, after some stiff opjiosition, they finally overcame the Badger mer- men by a score of 37-31. A startling upset of the dope bucket took place when Harold Bird, Conference diving cham])ion, failed to place. Fortier, his teammate, came through in slightly better .shape and placed third. However, in the Conference meet two weeks later. Bird and Fortier placed first and second respectively, while the two Wisconsin divers, Koch and Simjjkins, trailed seventh and ninth. On March 8 Minnesota met Northwestern, last year ' s champions. The result was Minnesota ' s first defeat by a Conference team in the Armory pool. The score stood 30-29 in Minnesota ' s favor at the lieginning of the last event, the 100 yard free-style. But here the Purple coach played his trump card; he swam his high point winner, it being the fourth event the latter had entered during the meet. This was thought to be illegal and entailed a dispute, but the Purple coach carried his point by exhibiting a document from a Northwestern official. The 100 yard free-style was therefore swum according to the document, with the result that Northwestern won the meet 37-31. The Conference meet was held at the University of Chicago on March 13 and 14. The Gopher fish garnered one first, two seconds, and a fourth. Bird and Fortier took first and second, respectively, in the fancy diving; Richter, captain-elect for 1925, sur])riscd all swimming fans by placing second in the 40 yard dash; Holmes added another point in the plunge, which gave Minnesota twelve points anrl thinl place in the Conference standings. RESULTS OF THE FOURTEENTH ANNUAL S TMMING MEET C ttirvrsifi of Chicago, March 13 and 14y 1924 11)0 YARD RELAY Michigan, first; Indiana, second; Chicago, third. (North- western won the relay but was disqualified for jumping before being touched off.) FAXCY nnixG Bird of Minnesota, first; Fortier of Minnesota, second; McFarland of Illinois, third; McCuUough of Iowa, fourth. 40 YARD FREE-STYLE Breyer of Northwestern, first; Richter of Minnesota, .second; Howell of Northwestern, third; Gow of Michigan, fourth. Time, :19 1 10. Page 364 L. 5 I WJ I Sylrt ' .stfr i M anagir) I 200 YARD BREAST STROKE Czer ;nik. of W ' ivcoii iii. tir t ; Ilaikins of Chifago, second; Wliit tiiighani of Michigan, tiiird; Eiseleen of . ortli - lcrn. fourlli. ' I ' ime, 2:4o (3 lU. £00 YARD FREE-STYLE Howell of Xorthwcstciii. first; Hreyer of Xorthwcslcrn, second; Moore of Indiana, liiird; Dickson of Norlliwestern. fonrtii. Time. 2:20 5 10 (new ( " onfercTice record). PirXGE Hickox of Iowa, first; Eldridge of Illinois, second; Atwood of Chicago, third; Holmes of Minnesota, fonrth. Time, 60 ft. in 19 6 10. 150 YARD BACK STROKE Czerwanky of Wisconsin, first; Dickey of Northwestern, second; Ashton of Iowa, third; Protheroe of Chicago, fonrth. Time, 1:54 5 10. 100 YARD FREE-STYLE Howell of Northwestern, first; Gow of Michigan, second; Klingman of Iowa, third; McCartliy of Chicago, fourth. Time, :55 6 10 (new Conference record). UO YARD FREE-STYLE Breyer of Northwestern, first; ] Ioore of Indiana, second; Corhett of Northwestern, third; Lambert of Iowa, fourtli. Time, 5:12 7 10 (new Conference record). FINAL SCORES Northwestern 32 Indiana 11 lichigan 14 Chicago 11 Minnesota 12 Wisconsin 10 Iowa 11 Illinois 5 Referee, C. A. Sean; Starter. Harri Hazellnirsf. The Su ' imrtiinfi Stjuad Ptiijt ' 366 ? ' f ' ' i ' »T ' ' " n tTi ' mi Ytii»i M ' i ' t»if ' I ' It ' ll ' ■ ! V ' . - cToAji TLfS ' O t I S cA-ci e A: i l olfites ' cA atfift ( Sii-d 9l i ' Pag,- S66 THE 1924 BASEBALL TEAM GOES SOUTH Oil M:nrli 23. scxciitccii men assembled, eager to represent Minnesota on Iier first -enture sontli of tlie Mason-Dixon line. Months of earet ' nl piainiini; liad resnlted in a schedule emhraeiiifi the leading southern liasel)all teams. The Senate .Vthletic Committee generously authorized the necessary exi)enditures and the squad was ready. The personnel of the scjuad included out- fielders — Captain Foote, Rasey, and Quinn; infielders — Pesek, Hoar, Canficld, Moss, and Aseher; catcher — Christgan. pilciier.s — Tucker, Guzy, Hufman, Lee, and Emerson; Coach Watrous; trainer. Woodward; manager. Van Fossen. The team went straight south to F ' avetteville, Arkansas, where thev won two contests with the r niversitv of .Vrk insa Ra .orhacks, 5-2 and 9-6. Guzy, Tucker, Hufman and Emerson pitched splendid hall in these games and were given mid-season su|)port by the rest of the team. The showing against Arkansas was the more remarkable as it was the first time that the Minne- sota team had been on a diamond in 1924. The next stoj) was Dallas, Texas, where the Southern Methodists University Mustangs took a tight game .5-4. Ca])tain F oote came in from J, ■ L ' ■ - " - outfield and jiitched nice ball until relieved (ML UP " ' - ' by Lee in the sixth. Guzy, playing right field, socked out a double, while Canfield and Hoar gathered three hits apiece. Before Opening Game From Dallas, the team went to Austin to battle with the strongest team in the south, Texas V. The Longhorns had been playing since January and placed a formidable array of veteran talent against the Gophers. To everyone ' s sur])rise Minnesota ])layed them to a standstill, losing the series only by the close scores of 4-3 and 6-4. Steady jjitching by (iuzy. Tucker, Lee and Hufman, together with the heavy hitting of Rasey, Foote, Guzy, and Christgau featured these contests. This visit to the Lone Star state was made enjoyable by the true southern hospitality sliow ii team during their stay in Austin. . return game with the Southern Methodist University was lost 5-3 on account of excessive errors. A bumpy trip over the Vicksburg Southern brought the Gophers to Huston, Louisiana, for a three game .series with Louisiana Polytechnical Listitute. Here the team hit its stride. The pitch- ers were able to work a full game and few errors marred the infielding. ' ith ' I ' ucker going in great sha])e, and Canfield and Christgau hitting con- sistently, the first game was won 4-2. The next day Foote and Lee ])itched to a thirteen inning victory 6-5, Hufman getting three hits and Can- field pasting one over the fence for a homer. The third game was called in the sixth to enable the (;o]ihers to catch a train, Louisiana leading 6-4 at that time. .V long jump across Mississijjpi and .Vlabama lirought the team to Nashville, Tennessee, where they arrived just in time to get into uniform and take the field against anderbilt. Guzy ' s masterful hurling coui)led with heavy hitting by Rasey, Foote. and .Vscher gave Minnesota an easy victory, 6-3. Hoi)es of reiieating the next day were dashed by a deluge of rain, which covered the diamond with three inches of water. The enforced idleness was lightened by a tour of Nash- ville and the surrounding country, arranged by the Vanderbilt athletic authorities. The morning of April 6 found the Gophers again in Minneai)olis. the ])layers bronzed and hardened, ready to jump into the Conference race and slug themselves to the top. The trip made the squad a team. Living and ])laying together engendered a clauTiisli sjjirit which should ])ull many a close game out of the fire. Ba.seball ' s geographical handica]) at Minnesota has been oxercome. Student and public interest has been stimulated. Win or lose, Minnesota will have a baseliall team this season of which the state will be proud. Dottn litre tin Tiill Ptihns Groir Page S6T .r. i ' » .M. ' Coach McKus-fck Captain Leahy WRESTLING Minnesota ' s wrestlers opened the 1924 season in a dual meet with Iowa at Iowa on February 2. Although the Hawk- eyes had an exceptionally strong team this year, they were forced to exert them- selves to the utmost to chalk up a vic- tory over the inexperienced Gophers. On February 9 the Minnesota wres- tlers invaded the Ames stronghold. The Gophers grappled gallantly with the crack mat men of Iowa State. Each match was hard fought and it was often necessary to make the grapplers go extra periods to decide the winners. The Ames team outpointed the Gophers in the final count. The Wisconsin meet at Minnesota was playetl otf on February Ui. The Gophers started the meet with a bang. Dally, the bantamweight, woii his match in an overtime mix. Captain Leahy continued the good work by defeating his opponent with a time advantage of over nine minutes. At this point the Gophers were stopped and the Wisconsin mat men copjjed all the rest of the matches by decisions. The final score was Wis- consin 10, Minnesota 4. After a rest of two weeks, coach Blaine McKusick and his understudies left for Lincoln, Ne- braska. The Cornhuskers were doped to win the en- counter by a good margin but when the final whistle blew ending the last match the Nebraskans found themselves on the short end of the score. The Conference Meet was held in Chicago on March 15 and 16. Every col- lege and university in the middle west sent the jjickof their teams to battle for Conference honors. Ca])t. Leahy, Clem Tunnell, and Earl Isen see were the (Go- pher representatives. Each man fought valiantly to ])lace in the finals but the strain was too much and they lost out in the semi- finals. 1 I A The V ri ' slliiuj Squad ■J f- Ptige 368 I L.»Ai.l-.f i " .v».-r.TTTTTTTn Coach Foster GYMNASTICS Conference standings of tlic l!t24 season: riiicaoo. first; Minnesota, second; Pnrdiie. third; Wisconsin, fourth. Starting the 1924 season with the loss of four veterans. Doc. Foster showed his coaching ablhty by turning out a most successful team. The first meet of tlie season was wilii the Y. M. C. A., and tiie (;oi)hprs true to form were tlie winners witli a score of 2538 to 21(54. Next came the start of tlie Conference race with a meet at Iowa City. In this meet before a crowd of 1,500, the Gophers swamped the Hawkeyes under a deluge of first and second phaces. The final score was (((i: to 812 in favor of Minnesota. On Mardi 3, the first home meet was staged with Wi.sconsin as the oi)p()nents. In tliis con- test Maroon and Gold took first place in every event. Captain Terlt was the outstanding star of the meet, taking a first in, and a second on the horizontal bar. Monsen placed first on the horizontal bar as likewise did Skurdalsvold in tnnihling. Mueller took fir-st on the rings and the clubs. At the end of the meet the .score stood; Minnesota 1244i ' ' 2, AVis- consin 1089 . The 15th of March brought the Gophers to hicago for the Conference meet. This was the only meet of the season, in which Minnesota was forced to take second i)Iace. Chap- lain Perlt Monsen, Skur- dalsvold and Saxe, all showed nj) well for the Go- I)hers, and it was only with great effort that tlie Chica- go team was able to win the title. With the loss of but t wo men, lonsen and Heale. prosi)ects for next year ' s team are exceedingly bright and with all i)robabilities. Coach Foster will have a ( liain|iionsIii|i team. Tin ' Gym Sqiunl I ' uge 36.9 " ■i ' ■ ' ■. ' ■ ' :r ' . ' . " r. ' ;M. " .v;. ' - . . . » .v.rr. i A T BOXING The 1923 season was, for the " manly art of self-defense " , the most popular in its history at Minnesota. Unprecedented interest in the sport was shown by both contestants and fight fans, proof that boxing can be popular in the collegiate sphere as well as in the professional world. Be- tween thirty-five and fifty men reported for practice regularly to coach Blaine McKusick. most of them preparing for the tournament in which the .season culminated, while others merely desired instructions in the fistic art. The squared circle tournament, which lasted three days, consisted of preliminaries and semi- finals, held on Ajiril 18 and 19, through which all challengers were forced to run the gauntlet, and terminated on April 20 with the final matches. Among the 40 men entered in the meet, many new contenders, most of them with high school training, exhibited extraordinary ability and gave prom- ise of wreaking disaster during the 1924 season with the old champions. Coach McKusick was highly pleased with the tournament, great interest being manifested by the student body, and competition being extraordinarily keen among contestants. George Barton, local sports writer, refereed the final bouts. The first encounter was a fast, closely contested four round match, between Morris Straus and Bernard Cha])nian, the former winning on points, and retaining the bantamweight title. In the featherweight division. .James Walsh successfully defended his title against Wallace Lundberg in a two round battle, receiving the referee ' s deci.sion after exhibiting unusual cleverness. Louis Rosenthal scored the only knockout of the finals, his opi)onent being Richard Walrath. He retains the specialweight crown for another year. In the lightweight group Sam Litman easily won over Franklin Hyde on points. The former was the aggressor at all times. Theodore Hyde and Donald Lyford furnished the feature of the card in the welterweight class. Hyde led off at a fast clip and took the first round, but Lyford, who had pulled a sur|)rise in the semi-finals })y winning from Harry Winters, came through and took the second and tliird. re- ceiving the decision on ])oints. Henri La Tendresse retained his title in the middleweight class by defeating Wesley Schune- nian on points, and in the light heavyweight rank, James Krusemark out- pointed Roy Porter, in a three round bout. In the hea y weight di- vision, between Conrad Cooper, center on the ' 23 football squad, and .Vbe (iilman, neither bat- tler was able to outshine the other, and after two ex- tra rounds had proved fu- tile. Cooper was awarded I lie title on a tossup. Cooper Brollir Page S70 m TENNIS Witli three veterans, c ' a|)tain ' aiue Pidgeon, Ruddy Kvihliuan and Ben Bros hack to start the 15)23 season prospects were hrifjht for a clianipionsbii) tennis team. The fourth man, Harry Hock, earned .1 ])la ( ' on the Icam 1) ' dri in ;- liis way to victory in a iicj: tournament which was featured by several hotly contested matches. The first Conference match was played against Wisconsin on May 4. Tlie game was played during a drizzling rain. The Minnesota team showed flashes of good [jiaying, but was force(l to l)ow to the ])i w( ' rful attack of the Badgers, Kuhlniaii l)eing the oidy Minnesota player to win his match. The second Conference game was with Iowa at Northrop field. The Hawkeyes were com- pletely vaiuiuished in the singles. Pidgeon defeated Swenson 6-1, 8-6; Beck defeated MacLaughlin 6-0, 6-0; Kuhlman defeated Dor.sey 6-3, 6-4; and Bros defeated Janse, 7-6, 1-6, and 7-5. In the doubles Iowa won all the matches. Next on the calender was the Conference meet. Pidgeon and Bros were the only Gopher players entered and both did excellent work for Minnesota. They were defeated, however, by Wilson and Merkle, a pair which later entered the finals. The final meet of the season wa.s staged on Northrop field courts with Chicago furnishing the opposition. The feature of the meet was the victory chalked up by K uhlman and Beck over Stag and Hunt in the doubles after a set which lasted 24 hard games. The Maroon phiycrs won all the other matches in both tlie singles antl doubles. GOLF From a field of some thirty players, who had taken ])art in the All-Fniversity golf tournament, held early in the 1923 spring quarter, eight high point men were .selected to rc|)resent Minnesota. The lineup for the first match with Golden Valley was: Captain Swanson. Wunderlich, Herron, Spenser. lalone, Deforrest, Pond and Harding. Golden Valley won the encounter only after a close contest. On June 21 and 22, the Big Ten Conference match was held at Evanston Country Club at Evanston. Minnesota entered but two men in this match, Paul Swanson and Emil Wunderlich. Wun- derlich fell in the first round afl ' r putting u]) a close tight. Swan- .son upset the dope by decisively defeating captain W. L. Hayes of Northwest ern. In the second round, Swanson was defeated by Smith of Michigan in a closely played match, 3-2. Captain Swan- son had the honor of scoring the lowest nine hole ])oint count in the meet, a 34. Minnesota placed eighth in the meet. Prospects for this year arc iirighl, with such men as Herron, Wimderlich, Pond. Spenser and Malonc ready to re|)resent Minn ' - sota. I ttfiluni Siriin.-inn Page 371 I T " ,f, ' ' f, ' , ' ' T V " ' " ■ ' STUDENT MANAGERS CLUB The student manager system at Minnesota was conceived and put into o])eration hy direc- tor of athletics Fred H. Luehring soon after he took up the reins at Minnesota. It is modeled after the systems in ojjeration at Harvard, Dartmouth, Yale, and other eastern colleges, and contains the best characteristics of each. The system provides each major sport with a student manager and an assistant manager who succeeds the manager on the hitter ' s graduation. The duties and responsiljilities of the managers are nuiny and varied. He is one of the officials of the institution, and must conduct him.self accordingly. He and his as.sistant provide for the maintenance of equipment, preparing the field for contests, keeping statistics and records of his sport, printing of programs, and making preparations and accommodations for trips. He is responsible iV)r the smooth working of the ma- chinery during meets and administers to the needs of visiting teams, and when away with his team on trips he takes charge of ecpiipment and arrangements. The rewards to the student manager for his work are many. He receives a major " M " along with the letter winners of the team, entitling him to the privileges of " M " men and to member- ship in the " M " Club. Another very worthwhile benefit he derives is the experience and training in executive work, due to his contact with things done on a large scale, which constitutes for him an integral part of his education. Through his contact with athletics at the University he be- comes acquainted with hundreds of students. He accompanies his team on all trips, in the capac- ity of an official of his school, thus becoming acquainted with nu)st of the Big Ten and middle western colleges. The Student Managers Club of Minnesota was formed soon after the establishment of the system. Its function is to aid in im])roving the manager system, and in coordinating the activities of all managers and their sports. It maintains an office for carrying on its work. Officers of the club are: Steiner Hansen, president; Alfred B. Greene, v. ])resident; Robert L. Van Fcssen, secretary; Kenneth Goss, treasurer. 4 I : " II than. so II Goss Aiulcrs Greene Dunm-lty . cu man .U. Anderson Van Fossen Haiisc Page 37 -Jl ■ i ' fi ' r . ' t " »t . ' t INTRAMURAL ATHLETICS ■ m. ar...- 7f f wf ' f iP r7j ' pAi. I ' ligr S7S ■ lf ' T ' ' f ' . ' t ' I ' " ' ft»» 7 ' T ' Tt ' ' T ' ' l ' !» ' ! ' I ' IT ' »t» ' INTRAMURAL ATHLETICS Hii Director Kay IC. Smilh Intra nuiral atliletics at the University of Minnesota were originated by Dr. L. J. Cooke and Dr. W. K. Foster nearly twenty years ago. They fostered intenlass baseball, basketball, track and tennis. A wider scojje of intramural activity was planned by Professor Otto S. Zelner at the time President Vincent a])|)ointed him chairman of the Intramur;d Board. The idea of mass com])etition has grown steadily since that time. Tlie aim of intramural athletics is to provide exercise and recreation in the from of athletic competition for e ery man connected with the University who is not at that season of the year engaged in varsity com|)etition. Voluntary competition creates great interest and is therefore more beneficial than the coinpnlsory athletic class work entitled physical education. There are about six thousand men including faculty as well as students at tlie University of Minnesota, seven hundred of whom were last year engaged in varsity comjjetition. Varsity athletics include football, basketball, baseball, track, cross country, sw ' imming, hockey, gym- nastics, golf, tennis, and wrestling. The intramural de|)artment must therefore provide athletic competition for more than five thousand men at all seasons of the year. There is no doubt that the development of intramural athletics will play a greater part toward the general betterment of the entire student body than any other movement. Through the function- ing of tliis department men are enabled to keep l)hysically fit through comjietitive work, which ailds greatly to the interest shown in the work. Moreover, through this de])artment many men are enabletl to enlarge their actpiaintances to a greater degree than otherwise jjossihle. Everyone will agree that if athletics are uKxlcrately indulged in they will produce a cleaner mind and a more sound body and thereby ef|uip the nuin to a greater degree for the battles of later life. It is not the object of this department to make of every man a trained athlete but a fit and sportsmanlike man, with respect for the officials, for the rules and laws of the game, and altove all to be a good loser as well as a good winner. Many people criticise the fact that we s]jend so nuich time, energy, and money on varsity athletics. Critics also state that studies are bound to suffer from the long and strenuous hours of practice recjuired of every man who makes a varsity scpiad. AVhether this is right or wrong, it is true that ordy a snudl ])ercentage of the student body take ])art in this branch of athletic comi)etition. And it is also true that it is the income from the varsity comiietition that makes possible the expenditures of the Intramural Board, and thereby makes possible the development of interclass and intergrouij comjictition in athletics on a large and appreciable scale. No one is barred from participation in intramural sports except those varsity letter men and squad men of the sport in (juestion. There are no scholarship recpiirements other than that the student be carrying a minimum of ten hours ' work per week. As long as he is permitted to continue his work in the University he may take ])art in intramural athletics. AMienever possible the formation o f teams and team-])lay is encouraged. Students need not belong to any canii)us organization in order to enter teams. If the group is interested in any Page 374 Direrltir littij II . Sntith particular [) irt tlicy arc asked to select a represeiitatixc ulm sits in an Atlih ' lic ( ' (luncil during tlie |)eriod of tills sj)ort. A iiieml)er of tlie (omicil is elected to the office of student niariager for the sport in (juestion. This inanaficr, co-ojjeratinfi with the director of intramural atiileties, ar- ranges the schedule of games. An effort is made to foster at least live or six sports each season of the year in onler to pro- vide suitable work for every one interested. The morale and class room work of these students is greatly imjjroved if the individual is taking active part in some sport that lie enjoys, and is liiereby getting a reasonable amount of exercise. Habits of clean living, and lean play are always worth cultixating. (iood s])orlsmanship is developed and once praeti ed in |)lay is never forgotten. These contests give excellent oppor- tunity for extending the acquaintance of the men participating. To increase the rivalry among competing teams, various prizes arc oft ' ercd. These j)rizes con- sist of cups, medals, letters, jerseys or numerals. A grouj) scoring chart has bet " ii arranged whereby the team or its organization is cretlited with ]ioints for entering and for couiplcting the schedule as first arranged. This is sim])ly another method of increasing the interest and placing voluntary coiupetitive athletics in its true place in the educational curriculum. Intramural athletics at the University of Minnesota has a brilliant future. With the co- operation of faculty and students the department ho])es to enroll every man on the campus. THE GOPHER OUTING CLUB The Goj)her Outing Club was founded in February, 1923, with the purpose of spon.soring all sports that the athletic department of Minnesota fiid not include on its program for the different seasons. At the first meeting of the club, Clifford Dunham was elected president, Elsa Horn, vice [)resident, S. M. Anderson, treasurer, and Hazel Casserly, .secretary. Emil Iverson was ap- pointed l)y the athletic dei)artniet to act as director of the club. The success of the organization in 1923 warranted its stay on the campus, and in 1924 the members put on an extensive membership camjniign. The results were satisfactory, and the club started its winter work with all the enthusiasm necessary to make an organization a success. The club sponsors canoeing, crew, hiking, skiing, snowshoeing, ice-boating, toboggatiiiig, skating, polo, soccer, and curling. The winter ()rogram of tlie (I. O. C. was i)lanned to include all the winter s|)orts, but the mild weather and poor condition of the ice and tlie snow jirevented many of the teams from carrying througli their plans. However, the rinks were kept busy through- out the year and large numbers of skaters filled them all winter. A soccer team was organized and several games played oft ' during the sjjring. The G. (). C. conducted several hikes and took its members on several snowshoeing exijcditions during the course of the winter. Tobogganing in Northrop field ])roved to be a thriller for all who look i)art in the sport. The organization is a .young one, lint is already doing much to benefit students who enjoy winter sports and can not get them through the athletic department. The club will endeavor to promote crew at Minnesota in the near future. (ilrn llfKKl SIt-i Slitlc Champioit Fuiivy Skiilcrs Page S75 •itWi TiViT tr» , f T ' Tf ' I ' f ' ' H INTRAMURAL BASKETBALL THE GOPHER ' S ALL-UXIVERSITY SELECTIONS Firxt Team Smith— r. f. (Pi. K. A.) Hegg— 1. f. (Zip.) Moeller — c. (Teke) Almquist — r. g. (Teke) Frenzel— 1. g. (Pi. K. A.) Second Team Clarke— r. f. (Teke) Henrickson— 1. f. (Pi. K. A.) Kreger — c. (Triangle) Olson — r. g. (Zip.) L. Johnson— 1. g. (S. P. E.) Third Team Schutte — r. f. (Kappa Sig.) Stromwell— 1. f. (S. P. E.) Dufva — c. (Kappa Sig.) S. .Johnson — r. g. (S. P. E.) Kiesner — 1. g. (Triangle) Intramural basketball in 1924 was won by Tau Kappa Epsilon, champions for two previous years. In fratcrnily division coniijetition they were tied for honors by Phi Kappa Sigma, who won the final game of llic prcjiniinary series; but when the tie was played off the Tekes were victorious. When the division (■liain])ion teams were paired off the Tekes drew Kappa Sigma, and the Pi Kap])a Al])ha scjuad was nuitched against Sigma Phi Epsilon. The results showed both the Kappa Sigs and the Sig Ejjs defeated by scores of 1.5-8 and 17-11 respectively. Then the two winners clashed in the finals. This became the hardest battle of tlie season, and it was not until the final Cjuarter that the winner was apparent. Pi Ka])i)a .Vlpha was finally defeated by a 12-(i score, and Tau Kap])a Ejjsilon was left academic cham])ion. In the ])rofessional league Triangle, Phi Delta Chi, Al|)ha Riio Chi, and Xi Psi Phi were tied for division honors. Triangle |)ut Phi Delta Chi out of the race with a 14-9 victory, and the Zips nosed out Alj)ha Rho Chi for the professional division cham])ionshi]). This was one of the closest matched games of the season. Kreger of the Triangle team threatened throughout the latter part of the game to cage another basket and annex the cluuupionship for his team; but Tan Kappa Ep. ilon — AU-VnivtTsity Champions 1 Page 376 ■J I I »M ' ' r. ' 1 " . " » . ' . » ' t " . ' ' ' . ' I ■ ' 1 V ' r ' ' J ' , 1 1 U ' M. § close guariliiif; l)y the Zips aiul llic i ' lusi f work of Ilejig gave tliciii a (i-. " ) xictory and tlie cham- pionship of tlic professional league. In the independent league T. N. T., ( " . A. S., and the Red Wing Cluh were the outstanding teams. The ' P. N. T. team met wifli little ojjposition, and sailed through with division honors. In the other division the Ked Wing Chil) and C. A. S. were forced to |)lay off a tie. C. A. S. showed the licttcr team and copix ' il tlic division lead. The game between T. X. T. and ( " . A. S was close and uncertain until the last whi.stle, when T. N. T. were barely able to push over a 16-12 victory. This gave them the inde])endent championship. In the inter-college league the junior engineers were easily the winners. The freshmen " C " team annexed the champion- ship in their league. These two teams were then ])itted against each other to decide which should meet T. N. T. for the non- fraternity championship. The freshmen witli Merickle and Lande as their star ])erformers set the engineers in the back- ground and won the right to fight out the Zips—I ' rofessioiHii FraUrnity ( ' hiinips non-fraternity title game with T. N. T. fter a closelv fought game, necessitating the i)laying of an extra period, the T. X. T. team drop- ped in the necessary basket to put them on the long end of a 10-12 score and give them the coveted title. , . The three championshi]) teams. Tekes. Zips, and T. X. T.. then met to decide the AU-Lni- versitv championship. The Tekes had an easy win from the Zips for the all-fraternity honors, due to the tight defense through which the Zips were unable to break. On the other hand the Tekes caged goals at will, and the final score was 16-3. After carrying off the all-fraternity cham- pionship the Tekes met the T. X. T. team to do battle for the All-University chamiiionship. The Tekes started off with a lead and kept it up until the last whistle, although they had to fight to the last ditch against the speedy T. X. T. forwards. In the final cpiarter the cham|)ionship almost slip])ed through their fingers by the fast scoring of their opponents. The final score, however, was 17-15 in favor of the Tekes. This gave them the All-University title, in the race for which 105 teams had been entered. The Xi Psi Phis hold the professional championship and T. X. T. holds honors for the non-fraternity grou]). The tournament this year proved the most successful ever held at Minnesota. Hundreds of men representing all groujjs on the campus took part in the competition in the various divisions, and the tournanu-nls were handled in a comi)lete manner. Games in the three divisions were played on ditiVrcnt nights and a complete groui) of referees handled the games. Xext year the intramural (jciiartinciil plans to broaden the basketball competition and thus allow more men lo |)articipalc in the sport. Page 377 T. .V. T.— Independent L hum pa m 4 ' It ' T " I " » ' l ' " IT M » . ' T ■ T M J ' . l ' ' ' 1 ' . r T ' ' . ' ' . I ' . ' .i ' i .1.1 A.J.I i. ' t.ilii ' .iii i.l ' .t.i ' il ' .it ' lln INTRAMURAL TRACK Libhy High Point Froxh Track has been a decided success at Minnesota this year, especially the meets sponsored and directed by the intramural department of athletics. There were six ditt ' erent meets through- out the season, and some good records were ])iled up. In the Freshmen-Sophomore meet the yearlings left the second year men down the lane just 59 points. Libby was the high point winner of the meet. The all-university indoor meet took ])lace on Saturtiay, Fel)ruary l(i. There were nine schools entered in the meet. S. L. . . led the meet with 3)31 jjoints while the Agricultural college dragged second with 105. The Engineers were third with 75 points. The high point winners w ere: Whiting, 25; Patterson, li); Mattice, 19; Just, 18; and Feidt, 18. The Academic Fraternity Track meet netted the Psi Upsilon the first i)lace with 32 ])oints in their favor. Tlie Phi Kai)])a Psi fraternity took secontl place with 26 ])oints, and the Sigma Chi men were third with 21. The high point winners were Libby of Phi Ka])|)a Sigma, with 9 2 ' Mathews of Sigma Chi with 9, and Graham of Psi Ujjsilon witli S jioints. The Phi Kappa Psi team won the inter-fraternity relay race at the Armory with ]5Iodgett, Peplaw, Howard, and Partridge on the team. They came in .second last year in the same event. Their time was 1:53.9 minutes. with Parker, Cless, Patterson, and Graham, took .second place. The professional fraternity indoor meet went to the .Vli)ha Gamma Rho men after they had piled up 72 ])oints. The Theta Tau team was a slow second with 40} 2 points. The Triangles were j)laced in third place with 28J 2 points. Ryberg, an Alpha Gamma Rho, was the high point win- ner and his teammate, Morrison, came in second with Jacobsen, a Theta Tau, third. The last event of the season was the freshman penthalon. It was won by Lundgren with Patterson, the runner-up, just one-half a point behind him. In the outdoor inter-fraternity meet, held May 7 and 8, there were more entries and closer competition than in any similar meet ever hchl. .Vt the end of the first day. Delta Kai)pa Ejjsi- lon led the ficlil by al)out five points, with Psi U])silon second. On the fol- lowing day, in a cokl wind and faint mist, the Greek tracksters ran off the remainder of the meet with chattering teeth. Forging to the front at last, the Psi U " s were winners for the second time during the year. Their score was 107. The Dekes fell into a close second with lOSJo points, the Kappa Sigs were third with " 86 and S. .V. E. ' s fourth with 74. Of the professional fraternities. . l]iha (Janima Rho was easy winner, as in the indoor meet. P , rpsilun—Trad,- Winners Lundgren. Frosh Runner-up Psi Upsilon, time 1 :57.8, Page 37S I lis INTRAMURAL HOCKEY In tlu ' early i)art of tlic iiitcr-friiteriiity linckey season tliero were several oiitstaiHliiiii teams, the Delta Tau Delta, Heta Tlieta I ' i, Sifjma Clii. I ' lii Sif ma Kap])a, Zeta Fsi, and Alpha Tau Ome a. Of these six teams Delta Tau Delta hy far surpassed any of its opponents. The other teams led each other a merry chase u] to the semi-finals, when Delta ' l " an Delta and Heta Theta I ' i eliminated the others, and stood as con- tenders for the championship of the inter-fraternity honors. In the semi-finals the Delts clashed with the Phi Sit;ma Ka|)|)as, and were able to beat them after a hot battle. The game ended with a score of 2 to 0. The Betas met the Sigma Chis on the same evening in the semi-finals. It was necessary to play two extra periods to decide the game, and the Betas came through with a 2 to 1 victory over the scrapj)y Sig Chis. The big event in the inter-fraternity race took place when the Delta Tau Deltas met the Beta Theta Pis in the final puck chase at the Lexington rink, on Wednesday, February 28. The dope was leaning a little toward the Delts. who had .several sea.soned and conditioned men on their team, but the Betas had appeared strong all season, and the Delts were prepared for the worst. The final whistle found the Delts on the long end of a score of S to 1. This gave them the inter-frater- nity cham])ionsliip. .1 Hit of Anion i ■J iA y Dillii Ton Dilta — Ilorkiii ( ho ni iiioiis Page 379 INTRAMURAL BOWLING I fR»i I Three eliainpionsliii) teams out of fmir (onsecutive years is tlu- lioasl of Al|)ha Sigma I ' hi, winner of tliis year ' s academic fraternity howling league title. The close of the tourney found the Alpha Sigs with the leading ])in score of 7519. The cham])ionship team was determined from the champions of the four tlivisions, who jjlayed a round rohin schedule of twelve games. The Tekcs came through second with a total of 7349; and Delta Chi third with 6936 pins. Alpha Rho Chi re])eated its record of the i)revious year in the professional tournament hy going through the season without a defeat, and won the right to rejjresent Division Xumher 1 in the finals. In Division Numher 2 the winners were in douht until the closing match of the tourna- ment when Phi Delta Chi finally won. .Vlpha Rho Chi and Phi Delta Chi nu ' t in the final matcli for the third consecutive year and as on the two ])revious meets, Al- l)lia Rho Chi trium|)hed S.52-778 and 869- 743. Gerlach of Alpha Rho Chi was the high scorer of the nuitch with 202 and 222, while Hohall of the Phi Delta Chi fraternity had two good games of 183 and 190. Some excei)tionally high scores were ina(l ' during the season, a few of which were; the 2641 total made hy Al|)ha Rho Chi in tlu ' l?ig Ten Conference Meet; the 246 score made hy Mooney of Sigma Rho; the 629 three game total of E. E. Olson of the Alpha Rho Chi. The Al])ha Rho Chi also scored the high single game of the season with 925. Over 100 quints, representing the maple rollers of six colleges, bowled in this year ' s Conference tourney, sponsored hy the Ohio State officials. The Gophers were successful in copping the largest amount o Alpha Rho Chis, winner of the ])rofessional howling league, were the of 2641. Alpha Signni Phi of Minnesota, last year ' s Conference champions, followed close in the nill. rolling easily into second place with a count of 2535. The first 1 teams with the .scores f (jllo w : Alpha Rho Chi, Minnesota, 2641; Alpha Sigma Phi, Minnesota. 2535; Ka])i)a Tan Delta, Ohio, 2509; Theta Chi, Wisconsin, 2452; Sigma Phi E|)silon, Wisconsin, 2444; Alpha Sigma Phi, Wisconsin, 2415; Phi Sigma Kappa, Wisconsin, 2413; Delta Tan Delta, Ohio, 2411; Tau Kappa Ep.silon. Minnesota, 2392; Phi Signui Kappa, Mich- igan, 2387. _j , , Alpha Sigimi Phi Team the honors in the meet. The kings of the allevs, with a score _ ' « Page 380 p INTER-FRATERNITY BASEBALL iTilcr-trnlcriiity lia fli;ill v;i- dik ' " 1 ' llir most .succes lul of the fraternity s])ort.s duriiif; the year of lUL ' iv All the Academic fraternities entered teams and the league iiruved to be a success from (he start. There was close competition during the tourney, and the winner was not sure of victory until t he cud. However the Sigma I ' hi Kjjsilons .showed sui)crior baseball ability and finally won the championship. Spring fpiarter commenced thf and the games were The league was organized shortly after played oti ' each day. All games were jjlaycd in the morning before breakfast, and Ihc teams were more than satisfied with the ar- rangement of the hour. Keen competition for honors was evi- dent tliroughout the season, but it was not until the finals arrived that the competition became close. The Alpha Sigs came through tied with the Sigma Phi Kpsilons for first place in the league. The final game for the inter-fraternity championshi]) was played off between the sluggers of Al|)ha Sigma Phi and Sigma Phi Epsilon. The game was close, and extra innings were necessary to determine the winner. The Sig Eps finally won by a 3-1 score. In the inter-fraternity race this year, an exceptionally large numlier of teams were entered and the competition was close in all divisions. A new feature this year was the establishment of the kitten ball league with 28 fraternity squads com])cting. Siiimii I ' hi Ep.silon Team INTER-FRATERNITY SWIMMING On May 17, 1923, Phi Gamma Delta won the inter-fraternity swimming ihampionshii) after annexing 28 points to its credit in the meet. The Phi P.sis were second with 22 points. Phi Gamma Delta i)laced first in the 40 yard dash represented by Richter, the time being 19 :;. They i)laced first in the GO yard breast stroke represented by Bessesen, time, 4.5,|5, and first in the 100 yard free-style represented by Richter again, tinu , 59S- Sigma Nu won the relay and the Phi Gams were second. In the i)lunge for dis- tance the Phi Delts were first and the Phi Gams second. This was the first annual inter-fraternity swimming meet to be held at Minnesota. In the inter-fraternity meet held this year, the Betas copijed first honors nosing (lul the Deke Psi I ' ljsilon stpuid i)laced thirc ' ' ( (ill III III (I Dill II Till III I ' hi team. Hill and ( ' meet. followed by the . li)ha Sigma The brilliant work of .Jim irke Newhouse fea lured the rage SSI ' l . ' I . ' ■. ' ■l.. ' l..til ALL-U TENNIS f lil f This year was the first time tliat an All University Tennis tournament was completed. It i)e- gan early in the fall and the first round matches were played off by Oct. 9, the second round matches by Octol)er 15, the third round matches i y October 20, the fourth round matches by October 30 and the final matches ended November 3. Arndt Duvall, junior eufiineer, won the championship of the University tennis tournament by defeating Irving Kuben in a hotly contested match which went four sets before a decision could be reached. The first set started out in (piick fashion with Ruben claiming the best of the argument: when the set was over the .score was 6 to 4. After this, Duvall got his bearings and settled down to a steady pace which pulled him out of danger, and as the match progres.sed, he pulled away from Ruben, taking the next two sets by scores of 6-1 and 6-1. The fourth set was a little closer than the ])revious ones. Ruben seemed to freshen up and had Duvall missing many difficult shots. But his comeback was stopped by the champion and the final score ended in Duvall ' s favor, 7-5, giving him the three sets and a clear claim to the title. The professional inter-fraternity tennis tournament began October 27 with 16 teams entered in singles and 16 teams in doubles. In spite of rain and cold weather a good tournament resulted. In the singles Phi Chi won the upper bracket from Xi I ' si Phi and Alpha Gamma Rho won in the lower bracket from Xu Sigma Xu. The finals were ])layed on the Pillsbury courts on Home- coming day, November 17. Frank Douglas of Alpha Gamma Rho won a close match from E. Fen- ger of Phi Chi by scores of 6-3, 2-6, 9-7. The douV)les were even l)etter from the standpoint of (|uality of games played. Only two de- faults were registered in the entire tournament. The Alpha Gamma Rhos won from Alpha Rho Chi in their division and Phi Chi won from Xi Psi Phi. The finals between the teams representing two fraternities resulted in Fritz Hard and E. Fenger of Phi Chi winning from Frank Douglas and S. A. Mann of Aljdia (ianima Rho bv the scores of (i-O. 4-6, 7-5. 5 Ilurd DouijUis 1 , i ' k f " 4 m ■■l l H Fciiyrr Page 382 INTRAMURAL GOLF I ' lii Sigma Kapjia golf team icpresiMited by Paul Swan- son, Howard Maloiic and Frank Pond, won the academic inter-fraternity golf chainijionshiii of the 1923 season. The tournament was featured by the great interest of all the fraternities, and I he Phi Sig team was forced to the limit to eoj) the title. Paul Swanson was medalist for the winners with a card of 71. lie was closely followed by Howard Malone who turned in a card of 73 and Frank Pond with an 86. As a result the Phi Sigs left the final green with a well earned win and were awarded the trophy donated by the Simms company. Inter-])rofessional (iolf opened on October 21 with 16 teams entered. Although the jjartici])ants found it difficult to arrange a definite time for playing, due to obstacles that came in the way, the tourney progressed in fairly good form. In the final round on November 11, Sigma Rho, repre- sented by Murphy, met Phi Beta Pi with Noble as repre- sentative. The game was hotly contested throughout, especially in the first nine rounds. In the last five hoe holes, however. Noble appeared to have the edge, especially on approach shots and putting which give him a wide lead which he retained the remainder of the match. The success of the intramural golf in 1923 has given an impetus lo the competition this year. With a large number of teams entered in the various leagues, close races are expected in the different divisions. .VoW - Winner for Phi Hvlit Pi Phi Sigma Kiippa — Frafcniifi ( ' haiiiiis Page S83 STATE HIGH SCHOOL CHAMPIONS BASKETBALL Tiro Harbor TRACK— (LASS A II ■ " nr: " TRACK— CLASS B Minneapolis Central Dululli Central SWIMMING e M inmapoh.s Central Page 3S4 HISTORY OF WOMEN ' S ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION .nt i. :it 1 is_ Bif Dr. . . ,! (( Xorrls THE history of women ' s athletics at the University of Minnesota began in 1895 when a ladies " tennis association was organizeil. This association persisted for two years, after which no mention of it can be found. There followed a long lapse during which athletics for women were apparently non-existent until, in 1903, basketball was introduced for women and became a popular sport. From that time on, women ' s athletics never died out completely. Hasketball always held a place in women ' s activities, and tennis was sometimes popular. In the spring of 1909 an enthusiastic group of girls, among whom were Marjoric Simmons and Elsa Ueland, organized the present Women ' s Athletic Association, and Lynnfred McMahon was elected its first president. In 1913 the organization published a new con- stitution, and enlisted the co-o])eration of the Department of Physical Education for Women. In this same year it adopted as its highest award the W. A. A. Seal which has remained for eleven years the goal of all girls interested in sports. When the Women ' s Gymnasium was o])ened in 1915 the Association was given a club room in which to hold meetings. From that time the W. A. A. Hoard of Control has met weekly during the college year, and has transacted the business of the Association. The point .system has been the basis for awards since 1915-1916 when it was adopted, and it has proved most u.seful in stimulating interest in a wide variety of athlet ic activities, all of which are contributing to the expressed purpose of the Association, the ])romotion of health. ]iliysi- cal efficiency, and athletic accomplishment. During its earliest years the membership was o])en to all students without restriction, and in 1917 it numbered 386 girls, but in 1920-21 action was taken to limit member- ship to those who had shown their interest in active sports by winning a certain numiicr of points. a regulation which resulted in a somewhat smaller, but more homogeneous group. In 1918-1919 the Association became a member of the national organization, being a charter member of the Athletic Council of American College women. This Council .serves as a clearing house for ideas, and our own I ' niversity has benefited by the rejiorts and suggestions that have been brought back by the delegates. In 1922-23 two branch organizations were fornu ' d to co-operate with ' . A. .V., The Inter- House Athletic League and the Home Economics Branch of W. A. A. Both these organizations and the Aquatic League have a rejjresentative on the Board of Control. Dr. . . .1; orri. -. Director Pcujr 3Sf! MEMBERS Leona Anderson Madeline Heekel Dorothy Beise Helen Bers; ' irginia Blanford Ruth Caniphell Mabel Carlson Ardis Carr Hazel Casserly Dorothy Catlin Marjorie Cheney ( " harlot te Ciirran Ruth Danielson Dosia Dietz Edna Dittes Delxirah Dinai Elizabeth Erik oii Irene Evans Ruth Figge Agnes Gaughan (irenith (jraham Mildred (ireenber i Helen (iraif Anita TIartzl)urg Ruth Hassinger Lueille Holuiberg Stella Johnson Agnes Jones Muriel Kingsley Helen Krause N ' ictoria Krueger Dorothy McCarthy Virginia McCleary Loretta Me Ken n a Ruth E. Maebeth Gladys Martens Crystal Maytuni Caroline Meisenberg Dorothy Michel Ellen Mosbaek Elsie : Iott Doris Nelson Grace Neuman Ruth O ' Malley Ruth Palmer Florence Fatcison Leena Plufkla Dorothy Reece Helen Rhode Fraxees Ritchie Alice Rudberg Corrine Seim Margaret Sexton Riioda Sogard Helen Starr Martha Taylor Florence Tenney Ethel Theilniann Edythe Weichselbauni Elizabeth Wolil (ilaihs oods An association, founded in 1921. having as its chief motive the [jromotioii of ])rofes i()nal s])irit and womanly ideals among its nieinl)ers. II eichiie{haiim Jones Cluylnn filoxen ll ' nhl Kixaork Cosr Mchriuia Sezlon Slniioti Mi-Vnrlhu Camphrll Dura Ciirran Siax Maijliim Utnnii I ' lirhon Krause Krueuer TItrilmniui Fi iie M nil M Irlul Starr Kraii, .. " " , ' " , Ilolmhcrg lllauford Caiighan Ilairkins lliiz,ll,„i Taulni Hoods IScrkel « ,„, ,■ Toln Hassinger Mnslmek larr . orrli Bake Hriks Onl: Johnson Her) Page 38? ij THE SEAL The seal is the greatest honor conferred l v the I ' niversity for dist inction in voinen " s athletics. Early in the school year a committee consisting of Dr. .1. Anna Xorris, another faculty member, the President of W. A. A. and a member of the board whose identity is secret are c ' hosen as a committee of award. The Seal Winner is not a girl wdiose .sole interest is in athletics for though she must be skilled in a number of sports she must also excel in sport manship, a spirit of service, .scholarship, poise and ])earing, and influence in the University community. Two of the 1922-23 seal winners have left Minnesota for the cooler and more rugged clime of the range, while two have clung to the joys of university life. Leonore Alway is in ( leraine, Minnesota, where she is teaching physical education in the high school. Margaret Hauck. who also fled to the north woods, is performing the same service in Park Ra])ids. Harriet George who graduated last year is taking a masters degree in botany and spejids long days puttering over ferns and cacti in the greenhouse. Ellen Mosbaek, the only Junior among the seal winners, has been finishing her work here, and serving as vice president of . A. A. and president of P. E. A. 1 .OV 3. b. juj- 1 tJB ' ' — - " i ft i II u Georqf ilu.-. Alway Pagi- S88 THK " M " is Mwarded to all woiiitMi who win tlic R ' quisitc thousand points in women ' s athletics. It is a sign of skill in a majority of the many athletic events open to women since it is impossible to win more than four hundred jjoints at most in any one sport. A further limitation requires that no girl may count more than four hundred points a year toward winning the " " SI " so that the award can be won only liy ui)])er classmen and only after at least three years of activity in athletics. Since a C average is re(|uired for eligibility on all teams and for winning points in any event, the " M " is also an indication of average .scholarship. In 1922 thepoint system was standard- ized to conform with a national standard so that now a transfer from any college where this system is u.sed may transfer her points toward the winning of the " M. " At ]Minne- sota points may be won in field hockey, basketball, ice hockey, baseball, track, swimming, hiking, horseback riding, arch- ery, dancing, ap])aratus work, life saving. Points are awarded only for athletic skill and in no case for administrative service. All winners of the " M " are can- didates for the .seal, the liiuhest award offered bv A Campbell Casserly Figge Mull n ' oo( .v Joncx Mo.iback Tai lnr A. A. Ruth ( ' anii)bell Hazel Casserly Ruth Figge Agnes Jones . •M " WINNERS " 24 •24 ' 24 " 24 Ellen Mosbaek Elsie Mott Martha Taylor Gladvs Woods ' 24 ' 24 ' 24 ' 25 ' ( ] ' nnien ' s Gi nt is In llie m-eds what the Armnry is to the men siu- ilciits — a place of haled in- carceration during reqnir- ed gi m periods, and also Ihc home of carefree recre- ation. Page SS9 FIELD HOCKEY, 1923-1924 Hn Hiss Helm Hazktnii The field liockey season this fall was a very satisfactory one in many ways, — the weather was as perfect as one could imagine, makinf;; it j)ossit)le to liave matches as late as the first week in December; from the ])oint of view of stick work and team work the girls ])layed a better game as the season ])rogressed, and lastly the enthusiasm of the jjlayers for the sj)ort was such as to make coaching fun, and to insure an even more successful season next fall in every respect. Because field hockey is seldom offered in preparatory schools, the freshman class each year is at the great disadvantage of having to learn the game from the start. Hockey offers such a wide variety of activity in stick work and team work, both offensive and defensive, that it is hard to de- velop highly efficient teams in the short season even in the upper cla.sses. However, the Seniors, having the advantage of a good per- centage of veterans, developed a machine which defeated all con- tenders. The extentled term of fall weather made a nunilier of games l)etween |)icked teams, the varsity and the faculty team possiltle, and a great deal of enthusiasm was aroused in the sport. We should i)lay the game one hundred per cent better than we (Id. we should ]ia e twice as many girls |)laying hockey, and ten times as many " rooters " out for the games. With this as our goal for next season, hurry u|), September, 1924! THE V.VRSITV Miss Helen Iluzlclon, Coarh ( ' . .—Ellen Mosbaek R. 11. — Maud Clernes . L. F. — Gladys Woods ?. F. — Edith AVeichselbaum ' 26 Goal — Isabel Foote " 26 " 24 " 24 " 24 L. ir.— Martha Taylor . " 24 .. .— Jeanette Wallen . " 26 ( ' . F. — Agnes Jones ' 24 R. .—Ruth Figge . . " 24 ?. 11 ' . — (irace Newman . " 27 L. H. — Charlotte Curran " 2.5 As a means for recognition for phiyers of exceptit Hal ability in each sport a varsity team is picked at the end of each season by coaches and nuvnagers of the sport. Since intercollegiate athletics for women are prohibited by a rule of the .Vthletic Conference of American College Women of which Minnesota is a member, this team never enters into a contest with other schools, but serves as a mythical or honorary team, chosen from the four class teams which competed throughout the season. Members of the varsity team are announced at the ban((uet which marks the end of each sport. Page 390 r} J: Wl i M. SFAIOH TKA.M -M;irj;;iii ' l Knic cr Elsie Molt Affiles Jones Kiitli Fififje Miirtliii Taylor Arliiie Ostrein H;i cl Casserly Ellen Moshaek Maud Gernes (iladys Woods Doiotliy McCartliy Huth Campbell Dorothy Micliel (Jrace HieidioH ' iSiih.) il imnni] Senior Team Charlotte Curran Dehorali Duval Bella Hershkovitz Ruth Palmer Helen McCihrav JUNIOR TEAM Dorothy Reece Maruaret Hafi erty Eleanor Lincoln Loretta McKenna Dorothy Kurtzinan Crystal Maytuni Berniee Trautner (Sub.) Ingrid Fenger (Sub.) Madeleine Beckel iSvb.) Frances Berger Marjorie Cheney Harriet Cross Hazel Erickson SOPHOMORE TEAM Isabel Foote Charlotte Johnson Helen Krause Constance Malmsten Alison McBean Gertrude Mills Jeanette Wallen Edith Yeichselbaum Leona Anderson Dorothy Catlin Agnes Fagerstrom FRESHMAN TEAM Mildred Greenburg Anita Hartsburg Ruth Hassinger Rauiia Laulaisner Grace Newman Ruth Spencer Marv Wilde Page 391 BASKETBALL By Mixs May Kissock Basketball for the women at Minnesota this season has been more successful than any previous season. The reason lies in part in the fact that more hours were available for practice than ever before, the students were grou]:)ecl into sections according to their ability and according to their class, and there were two coaches instead of one as heretofore. Jeanette Wallen, head of the sport, was assisted by managers elected l)y each class who co- o[)erated with the coaches to make the season a successful one. The four teams all entered the contest in good form, and the three ujjper classes were given equal chances for the championship. Early in the season, how- ever, the So])homores exhibited an alarming tendency toward running u]) a winning score through a sudden s])urt, often in the last quarter. This ability proved to be as dangerous as it appeared and the worst fears of the other three classes were realized when in the final game, the .second year team rallied to- ward the end of the game, and ran up a score which crushed all Senior hopes for the cham])ionship. The game, ])layed with a two (li i- sion field with three guards and three forwards is here to stay in all i)robal)ility, for college women at least. There are still many difficulties to be overcome in M,..Mn, I Kissock, Couch i jj, fypp Qf game, but this is only a M.sslnucLluyh,,, matter of time and the result will probably lie a cleaner, faster and better game than the three division type. Any season which shows definite progress is a successful season and this year is only the beginning of a long series of increasingly successful .seasons which promise great development for women ' s basketball at the University of Minnesota. The squad system has been adopted in all sports this year. This system is used in a number of eastern colleges, but is not universally used in the west. Under this plan all eligible candidates for a team who attain the team standard in skill and jjerfection in the sport are chosen to the class squad. This practice is followed whether there are two players or twenty who attain the standard of first squad efficiency. -A ' The J ' ar.s Squad Page 392 B j. ' n 1 ii. .ai.. n inning Soph Tvui, Martha Taylor Agnes Jones Gladvs Woods Deborah Duval Margaret Haggerty SENIOR TEAM Ellen Moshaek Arlyne Ostroni JUNIOR TEAM Eleanor Lincoln Charlotte Cnrran Jeanette Wallen Ruth Camphell Jean Archibald Grace BienhofT Dorothy Rohwader Helen McHeath Victoria Krueger Blythe Schee Florice Tanner SOPHOMORE TEAM Helen Krause Helen Hagen Edythe Weichselbaum Edith Quinn Katherine Foot Mildred Greeiiburg Ruth Hassinger Seniors c.y. Freshmen . Seniors vs. Juniors Sophomores vs. Freshmen FRESHMAN TEAM Hortense Dieudaune Leona Anderson SCHEDULE OF CLASS GAMES Ruth Spencer Aileen Stubb 33-S Sophomores rs. Juniors !()-() Juniors r.s ' . Freshmen 31-11 Sophomores c.s ' . Seniors 36-25 35-15 18-15 lli i Page 393 j|L i ' ' T ' . ' " T ' ' Ju-So ' (juad Stit-Fro Squad ICE HOCKEY The 1923-1924 ice hockey season for girls hef?an the first jiart of the winter quarter, the opening ])ractice coming on January eightli. Hella Ilershkovitz was tlie W. A. A. head of the s])ort and Miss Helen Hazleton of the i)hysical education department lielped with tiie coaching. About twenty-five girls came out and from this numl)er seventeen were chosen for tlie first and second squads. Since there were not enough girls from each class for a class team, it was decided to combine the Seniors and Fresjimen into the " Sen-Fro " team, and the Juniors and So])homores into the " Ju-So " team. Ice hockey is carried on in the midst of great difficulties not the least of which is the weather. Extreme cold and tiiawing weather are equally harmful. The sjiort is a new one for girls lioth at Minnesota and elsewhere; rules are indefinite and the game is not modified to make it ideally fitted for girl jdayers. Coach and manager alike must have determination and un(|ucn(luil)le enthusiasm for they must meet all the trials of pioneers in a sport. Fuge 894 BASEBALL The 192.3 Hasehall season opened in the middle of April with liu- crack cif hat on l.ail and llic shrieks of enthnsiastie team memlM-rs. In spite of the fact Ihal Track ottered a competing at- traction, a Kreat many siirls came out for I?asel all throuuhout the season and there was a good deal of c )mi)ctili()n for jjlaco on class teams. The game was i)layed according to kittenball rules with some modifications made liv the coach and managers, and liy the end of the season a nnml)er of expert ])layers were deveioiied. Tlirougliout the spring the diamonds were tilled from seven o ' clock in the morning until tlarkness forced tired players home. The tournament was a great success, since the first games were evenly divided and the outeome was doubtful. All the honors were captured by the two younger who tied for the championship. The contest ]jresented an interesting situation since none of the teams came out undefeat- ed. By some trick of fate or of luck, the Seniors conquered the Sophomore team, a strong contender for the title, though they lost every other game of the season, thus njjsetti valiantly on to the conquest of every other team in the meet, this one defeat left a tie between the two lower classes, the Freshmen also having suffered only one defeat, and that at Sophomore hands. The final game was played at the spring Athletic Carnival when, in spite of earlier defeat, the Freshmen forced the Sophs to rclin(piish all title hopes in another beating. tt in III ml F re. finnan Trtitii ■alculations. Thougii the Soijhs i)attled Mis.1 Uir.ihvii, Coach FRESHMEN— WINNERS Helen Krause (C) Helen Hagen Florence Tenney Elizabeth Cuzzort Edythe Weich.selbaum Constance Malmsten Victoria Krueger Pauline Rial Mildred Holan SOPHOMORES— RUNNERS-UP Mary Howe (C) Theodosia Foot Eleanor Lincoln Dorothy Plocher Ruth lurrav ' nior ' s Juniors Sophomores Freshman Helen McBeath Cr ■stal Maylum Frieda Hinnencamp lone {{ertch CLASS STANDINGS Won 1 1 ' rant ay V 2 m-i 2 333 2 1 500 750 Page 396 :V SPRING ATHLETIC CARNIVAL Ihhl oil Xortlirop Field, .lliiu 1, WJJ IXDIVIDrAL WINNERS M. RY TiERNEY ' 23 , . . . . . Edythe Weichselb. um " 26 . . . Florenxe Tenney ' 26 ■ ■ ■ Dorothy McC, rthy ' 24 13 points 11 points 10 points 10 points rL. SS WINNERS Juniors Freshmen Seniors 37 points 35 points 12 points IT Page 396 SWIMMING Till ' rnixorsity v()iii ' ii " iiniiiiiii; iiicct was licid May scvciitceiitli, uiidcr llic auspices of tlu ' A(|uatic 1,1 ' a.mie. Tlic meet was hascd upon iiiili i(iual and not team points. Kutli Caniphcll luatlf tlie liif;lii ' sl individual score. Dorothy Michel won the second place and Katherine Lutes was winner of the third hifjh score. One feature of the meet was an inter-sorority relay wiiicii was won liy Chi Oriicua with Siiinia Kappa takini; second place. m Page S97 ■X — ■- 1 " ' A ■ w The Fiua ' .s of ih, 11 ' .. ( nms Toiirnminrit GOLF (iulf is one of the latest sjjorts to he sponsored l)y W. A. A., altliough it lias long heen popular among Minnesota women. The tournament this year was a suecess from all viewpoints. The contest was ])layed over the Colunihia Heights course, and the full eighteen holes were required to constitute each round. Twelve contestants entered the first round which was played ott ' in six matches eliminating half the contenders. Thecdosia Foot ar.d (irace Hough tiiially emerged as final con- testants for the championship. The last game, which should have decided the winner of the meet, ended in a tie between the two runners- u]) and because cold weather closed the season almost immediately the tie was never broken, and the golf champion is unuaincd. Throdoaia Foot Golf and Tennis Chant jiian TENNIS Theodosia Foot won the women ' s tennis title in 1923 by defeating (laire Luger, twice runner-up and a strong contender for first honors. The final match was played at the spring athletic carnival and. after successive games had failed to break a tie in the third set. the contest developed into an endurance test from which ' " Ted " finally emerged the winner. The game was one of the longest and hardest that has been seen in a women ' s tourney at Minnesota. Both jjlayers showed great skill in the game and remarkable steadiness and enihirance throughout a nerve-racking and exhausting contest. The match was closely contested from the very first game, the players being so evenly matched that forty-three games were necessary to decide the winner. The match lasted for three and one-half hours and was a supreme test of the ability of both contestants. The first set, the longest from the point of view of games |)layed. was won by Claire who liroke a deuce set by a score of 10-8. The second set, going to the " Champ " , was also a deuce .set and the tie was not broken until 14 more games had been added to the large number already jjlayed. Claire lost her advantage and " Ted " took the set 8-6. The last set. played more slowly than the two previous, was marked by endurance and skill rather than speed and smashing strokes. This set like the others started out with equal advantage for both players, but " Ted ' s " endurance stood her in good stead and she forged ahead, winning the .set and the match 6-4. Page S.98 Clairf Liiijfr Tfnnis Rnnner-np CUl Oulift lOiMy £e CjtfLy jr-; Page 399 INTER-HOUSE ATHLETIC COUNCIL ji i. :1 ri OFFICERS Theodosia Foot Adelaide Stenhaug Jeanette Wallen Gertrude Mills Prciiilent . President Secretari Trciisiirer REPRESENTATIVES Sarah Mathews Margaret Haggertv Gladys Ridout . Mildred Holen Priscilla Cooper Dorothy Erickson Jeanette Wallen Marjory Cheney Gertrude Mills Arlyne Ostrum - Alpha Chi Omega Alpha Delta Pi Alpha Gamma Delia Alpha Omieron Phi Alpha Phi Alpha Xi Delta Chi Omega Delta Delta Delta . Delta Gamma Delta Zeta Katherine Lutes Florence Tenney Helen Baldwin . Ruth Miller Genevieve McGowan Agnes Oss Adelaide Stenhaug Agnes Jones Helen Hagen Ellen Mosbaek . Imogene Giddings Gamma Phi Beta Knppa Alpha Theta Kappa Delta Kappa Kappa Gamma Phi Omega Pi Pi Beta Phi Sigma Kappa Zeta Tan Alpha Winehetl Cottage M ' est San ford East Sanjoril Formed to sponsor athletic- activity hetwecn tlie houses on the campus. Page 400 Riiloul Holm Mnsbn.l.- JarifM ll«llr„ Ferltitii Stettliaii ' j Lules Dm at Oslni til liiddittgs FOR M ' NCial yoars iiiler-ln)use c()m])etitioii lias Ix ' cii keen in all sjiorts. Iiitcr-lioiisc l)a.scl)ali and hasketl)all esi)e(ially have aroused the interest of all rniversity women, and the inateh games have been well attended. Due to this growing feeling of interest, the Athletic Association found that a great many more peo])le could be enrolled among the enthusiastic ranks, and greater efficiency could be had in running off the matches if this self-developing phase of women ' s athletics wa.s organized on a .sound basis as a branch of W. A. A. Accordingly the idea grew into a reality, and on May 16, 1923, a representative group of .Athletic Board women, together with some of the de|)artniental heads, representa- tives from each house and sorority met to attempt to consider making the temporary ])lan, as suggested by Leoiiore .Vlway, a permanent one. After due discussion the Inter-house . thletic League was founded, and the following were its first officers: Theodosia Foot, president; Mary Anderson, secretary; Sophie Chowning, treasurer. This new group has as its membership one girl from every co-operative cottage and sorority house on the campus. The menibershii) costs each group • ' $3.50 for the year, and relieves W. . . .V. of this extra expense which it has heretofore been forced to iiear. With each girl in the League specializing on the organization of a different sport, and with the additional reciuirement in inter-house competition, the management becomes far more efficient. If the spirit grows pro|)ortionately in the next year, this new group will be as active and as far reaching as any grou|) in control of athletics. CHAMPION TEAMS Basketball was won by Chi Omega with Sigma Kappa as runners-u]). The Chi Omega team consisted of Ruth Figge (C), Jean . rchibald, Betty Erickson, Martha Taylor, .leanette Wallen, and Helen Mc- Beath. The Sigma Ka])i)a team members were: Ruth Campbell, Helen Cross, Helen Krause, Gladys Woods (C), Victoria Krue- gcr, and . gnes Jones. Chi Omega also won baseball with llic following team: Jean . rchibald, Elizabeth Erickson, Ruth Figge, .Vlicc (iundcrson, Dorothy Lam|)her, Helen McBeath, Rachel Russ, Martha Tavlor, and Jeanette Wallen. Chi Omega ISasketbatl Winncra Chi Omfi d Ila-st ' liall }i ' iiinrr, ' I ' lige 4U1 f Page 403 Martha Taylor , Eleanor Lincoln Katherine Foote Helen Caine HlTH FiGGE OFFICERS Pmiileiit Recording Sec. Corrc pondinij Sec. Treii.iiirer Pafht ' nider GertriKle Baker Irene Clayloii Rhea Coxe MEMBER?; IX FA( ri.TV Helen Hazleton May Kissock Dr. J. Anna Noriis Kathrine Sias Dr. Alice Lon " Helen Baldwin Helen Caine Hazel Casserlv Mildred Clark June Crysler Deborah Duval Elizabeth Eriksnn Ruth Figge Imogene Giddings Elizabeth Gile MEMBERS Helen Haggerty Margaret Haggerty Agnes Jones Helen Krause Victoria Krueger Dorothy Kurtzman Eleanor Lincoln Loretta McKenna Kathrvn Morse Ellen ' Mosbaek Elsie Mott Doris Nelson Arlyn Ostrom Betty Robins Lucille Sasse Martha Taylor Florence Tenny Jeanette Wallen Edith Weischelbaum Gladys Woods Alberta Wright Founded in 1(H)() tor the purpose of stiniiilatiiia interest in athletic: outdoor sports. Kr IU. I .Mull . l .,l, 11 ,11, H M,K,, „„ II . :.: Il Ih.i,,-, Jones DnrnI M. Iftliji trlif II. Hatlg,-rty K lirlztnon nisUr Gile Woods n ' righl Clark- Itobins Onlrnm Caine Fuotc To.ilo, Fiillic Lin rain Mosbaek Page JfiH : • PllQC 404 Campus ©rgankattons xW Hermann Wieckini R i L Peterson James Bohan Eleanor Piper HiTH Miller James Bohan Eleanor Piper Pail Peterson Florence Sparks Hermann Wieckinc. AlVIN FrHRMAN . Edward Stafne lU ' TH Miller John D. Stewart John Moore Xathan Coggeshall OFKKEHS REPRESENTATIVES I ' nsuliiil V. Prrsiihnl Trru.surrr lircnrrliiKj Sirnlarji ( ' nrrr.sporidinff Srcrcturtj Acatlfiiiir Academic Agririillure Agriculture Business Chem isfry Deulislry Education Education Engineering Law THE OH.IECT of the Council is: To represent the student Ix.dy in matters affecting student interest; to afford a medium for communication between students and riiiversity aiitliori- ties; to exercise general supervision over student activities; to serve as a force hinding the several colleges of the University together; and to exercise such other fuiulions as may l)o dele- gated to it by student and University authorities. Slrul, ri,,rr Sparks IViecking Si a lie Miller tl ii ' cltinsfitt I ' elrr Page Jfio " HL_. (tl ' FICERS Paul 1). Petekson Gladvs Moon Beth Ashenden . LvNN Baumhofer President } ' . President Secretary Treasurer REPRESENTATIVES RussEL Clampitt] Lloyd Nelson Martin Hansen [ Paul Peterson Frank Svoboda David Pirdy Lynn Baimhofer Beth Ashenden Elizabeth Brooke Margaret Birmeister Alice Mary Connolly Gladys Moon Emily Payetta Florence Sparks Aifrienll II re Forestrji Home Eeonoinics Aithftiilfn Sr„l„„l„ littiivihfiff l ' ,l!l, ' IUi S f)iirlii .V,7.v„« Pclt rson funli, Hanson HrinA-f Page AOG Alfred B. Greene J. Harold Baker Ingolf Friswold Frank Hanft OFFICERS Presidftil V. Prcxiilenl Serrelary Tretu urcr REPRESENTATIVES .1. IIaruld Baker James I ' . Bohan . Leslie M. Case Tom Canfield Miles Dahlen Incolf Friswold Alfred B. Greene Frank Hanft (Jeorge E. Pigott Fred J. Sackett . Hu.nnexs Anidcmic Mines Agriculture Chemistry Education Engineering La le Dentistry Phurmary A X ORCiAXlZATION consistiuj; of the senior ])residents of the various colleges. The func- tion of the council is to conduct the official Inisiness of the senior class; and to sponsor those activities, whicli. coming from a senior body, will hel)) most to direct student aims foster a spirit of service for the permanent betterment of the I ' niversity. PitloU lioltan Page 407 James Sutherland Roger Gurley Kenneth Booth . Mildred Danaher Margaret Knapp OFFICERS President V. President Treasurer Recording Secretary Corresponding Secretary Kenneth Bootit Academic Mildred Danaher Academic Lee Deighton Acadetnic Ro er Gurley Academic Margaret Knapp Acadetnic Stuart Bailey Engineering HaHey Langman REPRESENTATIVES Edwin Skinner Engineering Sidney Stolte Engineering James Sutherland Engineering Stephen Easter Agriculture Fritz Franze Agriculture ADVISORS Elbridge Bragdon Chairman Ole Aanes M ines Robert Tousley Mines Philip Clark Pharmacy John Wood Pharmacy John Beal Chemistry Alan Boxeli Chemistry Lucille Webster T TIE FRESHMAN COMMISSION aid in tlic formation of Minnesota reflett the wishes of that chiss. s an institntion of stiitlent self-government designed to ipirit, to regidate affairs of tlie Freshman chiss, and to ll,,.ihl»n Wrl. lf, llrii ' jili n .s „ , i:.„i,!i Franzr IIVioi Chirk Ktuipfj SllthlTlllTllI I) an a be Eaxttr (1 II rley Page 408 f OF! ICERS Ralph A. Uoinkm Prc.s- ( (■«( Clarence Pearson ' . Prc.titlcnt Theodora IIillstkom Secrclun Harry K. Dokan REPRESEXTATIN KS Treasurer Clarence Pearson Acad nil ic RiDOLPH K. Frokjer Aqricultiire Ralph A. Rotnem Bii.iiftcss Harry Doran ( ' hi ' mintry Donald E. Atkinson . Dcnfistn Theodora Hillstrom Eiliirutioii . Oswald French Enqiiin ' riiuj M. Omer Hoel Law Harold Beliyeau Pharmacy Myron Husband Medicine Victor Mann Mines THE JUNIOR ( ()M [ISSIOX, to eni-ourai;e the s))irit of tli; the govoniiiiu of tlif Juniors, personnel. official sovernini; hody of all Junior classes, Yas estahlislied l ' in ersity, an d to take chariie of all matters pertaining to riie ])residents of the twelve Junior classes make up its l-r„l.-i,. II til sir. Fr, „rl, I ' fiir. iin Page 409 MINNESOTA UNION BOARD OF GOVERNORS " T " OFl ' ICERS E. B. Pierce H. R. Langman .1. ( ' . Sanderson D. P Hint M. M. Anderson President President Treasurer Secretary Manager REPRESE T. TI KS E. B. Pierce J. C. Sanderson . David Bronson Edwin L. Sylvester Frank D. Svoboda Harry A. Arne Richard L. Rademacher Loren I). Olson . Lyle (;. Thomson Harley L. Langman Douglas P. Hunt Lawrence Carlson Edward H. Hennen Oscar M. Xokdrum Faetilty Faeitlty Alumni Academic Agriculture Business Chemistry Dentistry Education Engineering Law Medicine Mines Pharmacy T HE FUNCTION of the Board of Governors of the Minnesota Union is to ]iromote the best interest and welfare of the University of Minnesota and comradeship anion i the mem- bers of the Miniiesot:i Union, and to maintain a suitable club house for sucli purjiose. nr,lniin l ' l„.n, .,i, Si lrrslrr SrulunicI lllg.ti, Sanderson Lamimau Piirrr It nut A nilfrsnii Hi Page 410 " " W Ol ' FK ERS Karnest E. Jewett Lester L. Johnson Richard R. Harvey John L. Beal ALVIN O. FlHRMAN Miles A. Dahlen Dr. C. a. Mann . Prr.sidf ' ftf r. Prv.sideitt Treasurer Secretary ( ' (ninril Representative ( ' (I III III Ittee Representative Fariilli Member 0T{(;A IZE1 anrl maintained to develoi) and foster a school sjjirit liased on the fellowship of a coninioii |)rofession. and to ])roniote the interests of that profession in the student body. The student Cheniical Society has sponsored five mixers and one dance during the year. It su|)ervises inter-class athletics within the scjiool. organizing football squads during the fall and kittenhall teams during the spring. J„ll,im„ Fnllrman Daliltn J e welt liar Page 411 p ■ TECHNICAL COMMISSION - = ■ — ■ ' ; ■ ,. i - 3 " W " f OFFICERS FhII.II ' I,. l!KK(.QriST Lvi.E K. McLeland President Sec.-Treas. THE TECHMCAl. COMMISSION is the executive body of the Technical Association. The Technical Association is composed of the recognized departmental societies of the College of Engineering and Architecture and the School of Chemistry. The original societies are: The Architectural Society The Chemists Club American Societj ' of Civil Engineers American Institute of Electrical Engineers American Society of Mechanical Engineers The executive body of the Technical Association is the Technical Commission which is com- posed of the presidents of the above recognized departmental societies and two faculty members who are api)ointed by the dean from the College of Engineering and Architecture and the School of Chemistry. The Engineering Student Council is a committee of the Technical Commission with the representative of the College of Engineering and Architecture on the All-l ' niversity Student Council as its chairman. Mcl.rl,„i,l llirnqtiia! Kirt Hoirlei Page 41 OFFICERS Mar(,aret Kkukger . Preaidvnt Ellen Mosbaek . V. President ViCTORLA KrUECER Seerefary Eleanor Lincoln Treasurer MEMBERS OI THE HOARD t)K ( O.XrUOL Dr. J. Anna Norris . Faculty Advisor May S. Kissock . Fnrtil y Ftepreseutatire Hazel Casserly . Field Hockey Bella Herschovitz Ice Hockey Jeanette Wallen Basketball Gladys Woods Hasehall Elsie Mott .... Swinnniuji Constance Malmsten ( ' ltairmu)i. Home Economics liriiiirli Adelaide Stenhaug . President, Iiiler-hntise Athletic Council Agnes Jones I ' llhlirit 1 Rcprcsentalire llazellnii I , „ ,1,1 I. U, mill .1 . Kn„;j,-r Miilm.iliii .V„rr,.. r. Krurj, Pa je . ' ,13 WOMEN ' S SELF GOVERNMENT ASSOCIATION T Jean Archibald Adelaide Stenhai (. Helen (aine Alice Mary Conndllv DKFICERS FrcsiihnI Sec return Treasurer REPRESENTATIVK: Alice Baktel Alfreda Davis Rlth Thaxter Wilva Davis Josephine Moffett Dorothy Klrtzman Eleanor Piper Senior Junior Sophomore Fresh Willi Af rieulhire . Professional lll-f ' nirersit} Coiineil ( IIAIHMEX Harriet Dew Li DA Jury Jenklla Loye Alice Jacobson June Justus . Big Sister Social Book Store Vocational Uoiise Council T HE WOMEN ' S SELF COVERXMEXT ASSOCIATIOX is the govemhig orgaiiizatioii of the women students, organized for the pui ' ijose of promoting the interests of all women enrolled in the University. If. Par. A. Daris Paqc J,!. ' , Piper Jaetihsnn I.OIJC Ciiii until Dew J iirij Justus rtmiUr Moffett KiirlziiKl Arrtiilialil Sieiiliauil llarirt S yy y »» »» »»» » » »» »»»»» » B Brf g PAN-HELLENIC COUNCIL " T " Elizabeth Morrison RlTH How OFFICERS President Sec- Treas. Alpha Chi Omi ' fjn Sally Matliews Vcrna Norris Alpha Delta Pi Mildred Almen Emily Amundsen Alpha Gamma Delta Rachel Perkins Elizabeth Williams Alpha Phi Priscilla Cooper Alice Newhouse Alpha Omicrnri Pi Marion ( onlin Lulu Hanson Alpha Xi Delta Alice Goebel Genevieve Piireel! REPRESENTATIVES Chi Omega Ruth Devaney Ruth Figge Delta Delta Delia Alice Jacobsen Marjoric Wilcox Delta Gamma Louise Granger Pauline Sehmitt Delta Zeta Dorothy McCarthy Eleanor Strickler Gamma Phi Heta Elizabi ' th Craddick Dorothy Plocher Kappa Alpha Thela Alfreda Davis Helen Gangelhoff Kappa Delta Thelma Bowers May McDonald Kappa Kappa Gamma Betty Hunt Dorotlu ' Mann Phi Omei a Pi Cicrtrude Brown Alberta Marshall Pi Beta Phi Katherine Swanson Helen Woods Sigma Kappa Helen Cross Evelyn Nelson Zeta Tail Alpha Winnifred Hughes Helen Quinn H iKjhes Srhinill I ' erhin Sivnnsnn Dnvis niintlncn lirouii Marshall yi ' J ' Jf l rlunck I ' lmhrr Mntluiis Quinn McCarthy Williains VraddU-k Jones McDonald Bowers Hanson Strickler Selson Cross PurccU Cooper Coiilin Gangelhoff IVoods McMahon How Morrison Russ Almen McDonald Chandler Page Jf 16 fi,u,i lc l. ISS ' i Dfimuir I ' nircritili Alplia Lambda. Wll tOISJIh Sir., s. !■:. . timlier i ( ( liaplerx. c pM M Ozeu . Ali c Hartcl Uonithv Janr Chandler Ann Deegan Veda KalkenhaintT Ruth Oiinda Agnes Axness Mildred Axness MEMBERS IS FACULTY Katlii-ririi- Kester Natalie Thompson GRADUATE MEMBERS Jeanette Enkenia Ma Milr Adi ' line Fieg Alice Koss Ruth Dalev CLASS OF 19Z4 Ann Murray CLASS OF 1925 Betty Hayes Sally Mathews Ressie Merritt CLASS OF 1926 CLASS OF 1927 Mary Klvene Hoag Helen ShotHell .lulliette Crawford Marion Grow Irene Haves PLEDGES Dorothy OHearn Dorothy Roan Harriet Sherman Crna Steel ' erna Norris Caribel Tillotsitn Genevieve Woolle Dorothv Fife Enid Walden Rettv Watts ll ' rlff. (Iroir .Merrill ,lj if.ii.v M iirraif Tillntsnit Sl„-r« Sleet Fallcrultaiticr Fife IliiinilUr Craiiilnll A ' r).«.1 .ylalliririt iniearn Firfi Sholtrell .Millie Woollen Piiijr . ' ,t: I c4r ji Li,2 erAi, t Finindril. ISSl i ' fsleyaft Female Collci Alpha Rho. I9S. 6i9 Sth Sir., S. E. y umber of Chapters, 37 Mildred Almeii Margaret Burmeister Emilie Amundson Erna Behrens Margaret Bringgold Marie Clemmeiisen Grace Hough Phvllis Ghostlev MEMBERS IN FACULTY Lueille ( ' . Franchere Frances Morehouse GRADUATE MEMBERS Laurel Kliis Kvelyn Kmlic- CLASS OF 1924 Ruth Gordon Evelyn Heimark Helen Haggerty Ethelyn Johnson CLASS OF 1925 Eleanor Duval Edith .Johnson Debora Duval Wilnia Lee Margaret Haggert ' Loretta McKenna Marjorie Howe Maln ' l Rickansruci CLASS OF 1926 Margaret Parker Eliza bet li Wold CLASS OF 1927 Florence Lindberg Honor Rivers PLEDGES Margaret McKenzie Iva Loy Lorraine Walling Kate Ruhnke Irene Scow- Mary Virginia Sprecker L ra T ra Margaretta Vanstrum Jeanette Qiiani KrhiijijnU :ho.illr]i ISrhrrnx ' ,iiislriim Juhns i,i D. Dural Sriiw M. Utigtferlii Rirhniiitrtnl Amimdsoii [eKetltla E. Duval H. HiKjgerljt Burmei.iter Heimark E. Johusou Almeii ii ' alliuti Tyra Sprecher Parker IJoiee Lay Gordait Page 418 FounJal. IDOi Syracuse I ' liirersily Delia Chaplcr. UIOS ■ill nih Arc. .S. A ' Xumhcr of (hiiplers. S2 c Crlfjxrwiy , e MEMBERS IN FACULTY Mrs. Carlvir Scott Aiin;i Hanks Vivian Buscli Adelaide Hums Mildrfd Hiisili Ruth Da hi And. ' Mar ari ' t ( " ainiinui -Mary AndiTsoii Marjorie Baunif ardncr lli ' Irn llaliiticid Mildred ON.-ill Margaret Forest Pauline Hedherg Alice Madsi ' n Lueile Mo Ktnilv Curtiss Lolita ( arlsiin Li da Jurv Helen M ' eilc CLASS OF 1924 Letty Peaslee Irene Pickering CLASS OF 1925 .lennie Nelson Magdeline Peifer Rachel Perkins CLASS OF 1926 Ellen Fleming Mary Joeckel CLASS OF 1927 Dorothy Carter PLEDGES .loyce Hire (iladvs Rideout Halj Rutledge Ruth Seldcn Reefa Tordoff Norma Rothenherg Mable Swain Elizabeth Williams Vera Ranev Elinore dure Madeline Wagner Katherine Wellington Rollltilh, ril h ' ,iritl Clurc Curlimt liiirii.i Perkins liusch Peaslee .luni „„.l,,ii, llnh! Aiiilernon Meile Hinnniliiriliur Ilallnrn liusch I ' ltiinttiiu Ritlenul Peifer Matlseu llauks Tordoff n ' illiams (ySeill Selden Page 419 o5 j Omicrou 5E Fmuulcd, IS7!t Itnrrmrtl Cnllfit " %J .l l l ir.iH d ' till. lUU an Jilh .S ' Ir.. .S. K. Xiimlnr nf Vluiiilers. 37 Kli .lll.rth lic.llll Marie Hrriiirr Margnrrt Hri Kathr.x II C larki ' KMtlir II Dcivli- (ilafl ' s HanilHTrv ' MarL ' arct Dri ' ssK ' r Mar ' (iooiiniai) Deris Ahels MEMBERS IN FACULTY Marv F.llrri Chase GRADUATE MEMBERS (Ira.i- () ' Bri.-ii CLASS OF 1924 .laTiel HiiHry Kllii-I .Johnson Marion oniiii Dorothy Hill Harriet Howar Dorothv nines Lillian Ilotf- Elizal.eth Dnvall Lnin Hanson Mihlre.l Holeii Zelda Mar |narte Doris Ho M ' rs CLASS OF 1925 Dorothy Remington Alma Sehaper CLASS OF 1926 Elizal.eth Mann Marfiaret MeHnf;h CLASS OF 1927 PLEDGES Gladvs lioehlke Mae Foulh iiiiiitreii hit man Hernice Nelson Elizabeth Heinertsen Edna Sehlampj) W ' ilma Smith .Inanita Medliery Doroth Womrath ( ,-,ile Yelland Catherine Ho Ilnirrr.i lV .iie liamlifrr} Smith liaiirjl lieitifrlsiti II „mr,il i llill I ,„ iI:h,ui Jliiiimni llniiifr M ' iniiutrlr Johns,,,, ( „„l,„ ll„l,,i DnssI,, M„„„ l)„ill, ' ISiu-hlkr IlillfS lit ' i,iin,jtiui Clarhf Ui)irar,l I ' tujr . ' ,iO ■ ' iiiniitril, iS7, ' Si racu r I ' li iri ' milit Epsilon Chapler, 1890 .iS.i Will Ave.. S. E. S itmln ' r tif ( liu jihry. r: AIllKl Hatipt Di.rotliy IIalH,-l,i Marjorif .Iniuiston Harrit ' t )c y l risciila ( ' uopcr Mary Ellfn Hutlc-r Sarali Mar Eiiglisli MEMBERS IN FACULTY MariiiM Irwin GRADUATE MEMBERS l.ciiiisi ' lioKi ' rt.snii CLASS OF 1924 Margaret Krin-f»fr Virsinia Xi-lsun Hrlcri MacCri fjor CLASS OF 1925 Aliir NCwhoiisc Elizafx ' th Ry Catharim- Anne Tiioinry CLASS OF 1926 Margaret Dral CLASS OF 1927 Hnlli I -nt Bertha Norton Marjiirii ' Mai( iri-gor Marjorie Poeliler PLEDGES Katliarine Horton Kliirenee Kellv Elizabeth Hartzell Elizabeth Poehier v wk » - " 1 1 unffln- nw I ' ailll 1 l; ;n ! I ' ' h ' aiiiir I ' ipir- Eranees Su|iph ' Mari ' Mi r Uii aiinc Ml(hancl Mar " Ste -ens(iti Sarah Shai-() ■ " ■ .l iir ' r ()..r VmMrr Kent Slrrni. i,i, „rluii ), „ .. ' " " " " 7 ,uli„„. r ir,„.r: H„,r.n- lliillrr M i,l„„„l „„,„; ' " " ' ■I ' " " ' ■ " ■ ' ' ) " ■ ' .S ' »,,;. , .I„h,„l,ui ll„lli l,l Srhn,, II l,„.(:rr„„r I ' ayr . ' ,31 o Jta, JQ ' i£ el 3. h ' II II II ilnl. ;,S.9,i LiMiiiiurd Colhiie Mil Chapter, 1907 Ilia oth fllr.. S.E .SiiTilhir of OKiplfrx, .5.5 Charlotte Hcrghciltz Hulda Bragstaii Lillian Foss CLASS OF 1924 Alice Gocbel Mildred Ireland Claire Ho rner Helen Marsh Cladys Ireland Jeanette Ogren Alice Pesek Evelyn Peterson Lota Shapleigh Dorothy Danson Leone KnrtneN ' CLASS OF 1925 Helen Hukee L rf;uerite O ' Gar Mareella MaeXaniara (ienevievc Piircell Helen Stephens Delia Yilko vski CLASS OF 1926 Virginia Blanford Hannah Stavens CLASS OF 1927 fienevieve Bovlai Olive Bakke Norma Bauer Florence Bors PLEDGES Betty Conipton Marion Fisch Dorothy Cooke Lucille Harsh Dorothv Erickson Helen Kimniev L Inie Peterson Helen Sherwood Frances Yohe a. Ireland Blanford Utnlliiillz (liirci M. Irilciiid IVitkowski Horner Goi-bd O ' Gar Pnrccll h ' urtiiey Danson Hukee Pcsck Marsh Boijtiin Macyamara Stareiis Page J i Founded. tS9B Vnitersitj of Arkansas Pi Beta Chapter. 1921 1707 Vniversity Ave.. S. K Sumber of Chapters, 64 Jean Archibald Dorothv Kewell Irene Foasberg Ruth Devaney Dorothv (lalbraith Kathleen Anderson Elizabeth Erikson CLASS OF 1924 Ruth Figge Clare Luger Elizabeth Gile Agues McBeath Alice Gunderson CLASS OF 1925 Lenore Lowenberg Delma Neuman Helen McBeath Rachel Russ CLASS OF 1926 Dorothy Lanpher Grace McGrath Marian Lee Eleanor Poucher Ruth Hildebrandt Lillian Feetham Bernice Roth CLASS OF 1921 PLEDGES Eleanor Seagren Bernice Tippett Martha Taylor Mildred Tingdale Jeanette Wallen Evangeline Westline Janet Wethail Viola Tobiason I- -« ■J TTK7T- f ' I ' -i : . - T « ■■ V ■■ I , II ; fcf 1 » 4 : W. ' VItKSil A I Lowenberg Russ Tippett .Sninrt-n Fijfje Roth Anderson Tobiason Decaney Seuman I.anpher Foa-ilirrn Hildebrandt Taylor Lee Westline Poucher M ' ethnll Fiwetl McCrath Gile Gunderson Luger A. itcBeath TinaJali- ll illen If. MclSralh Archibald Page i2S t I ' t ■ t J 1 1 ' ■ i ' e - £ el j: U F.niuilcl. ISSH Il„yl,„, (■„i,,r. il, Muni,x„l,i Thelii. 1S94 UK lOlli Arc. X. E. . iimlitr iij ( hupitrs. I}.) lillllV (..,,11 ir ' iriia Hawkins Martlia Ilcrzn ' Liliian AiMl ' rs4»ti Alice Mary ' (iiiiinll_ II,1.-M liaiK.H Klizal ftli MroH II Sali ' ( ' onklin Helen ( ' ra ne MEMBERS IN FACULTY Maifiaret MeCuiie (iraei- K. I ieliariis GRADUATE MEMBERS (iratia Ke!l ' (iraeia ' ri rinus CLASS OF 1924 Jnne Justus Josephine MdH ' ett Kditli Knopp CLASS OF 1925 Marion (iruye Adeline Hoien Dorothy Hawkins Alice Jact)bson CLASS OF 1926 Marion Bassett Marjorie Cheney Shirley Calleniiar Harriet MeXeill CLASS OF 1927 (irace Carlson Lucille Johnson Marion Hae le(ke Marion Jones Marv ( rane PLEDGES Helen Hall Florence Morton N.ila Treat Lois Schcnck Krnia Schurr Lirjoric Smile Doris Storer Llrjnrie Vilcox Mil. Ire, I Tunipkin: Klorenee Patterson Uorothv Reece IhtlUIJ Carlsnti Jonea Crauf Uae lcckt Pnltersnii Kiinpp Morton Johnson A mierson Hot en Bassett V. lltiul ins Tompkins (onliHii Reece Broivn Smiley Uerzoii rcr Justus (iru yv Sriiurr D. Hawkins Connolly Jacohstti l ' „jr Fimtiilal. I,S74 l.f iii.i School r J l.iimhda Chaplrr. 1SS2 lOX .-,11, Sir., .s. •;. Xiinthcr of f liiutliT.i. .17 t ZoL Gh-zajp Elizabflli Bray Jessaniint ' Light MiUircd Uiirt ' iiigtiiii Avis Louise L)a t iri Elizalji ' tli IJovcy Enielic Bovle Klizal)«-tli AtUiiii MEMBERS IS FACULTY Ina T. I- ' irkiiis Hi ' Icii M. Sinitli CLASS OF 1924 Janet Xeel Pauline SclunitI Khirenee Nippei-t Kaitli Staffnid CLASS OF 1925 KalliiTiiie l)e Xaiilt Lonise (irangei- ' irf;inia (iorddn Ruth How Dorotiiv Hunter CLASS OF 1926 Hetty Crissniaii Genevieve SehniitI Muriel Kossuni Mertvee Sehmitt (iertrude Mills CLASS OF 1927 Lir};aret Kitts (iladvs Sniit li Knlli Artherholl PLEDGES MartJLi ( ,,o|),r Marjorie White Heh ' n Williamson DorotliN " Kurtzinai hlrion Tij)pery Jargaret Nare Margaret Wise Huth Warner ;„..,, Mill. II. ,„ t-nnnitr h n- ' . n m li ulflH[}lnn Dnill,.,, Smilh Kiirlzmai, ' Kills l.illhl SlulJ„r,l l.nnltm .Mppirl Sicl II „,„,, .l ,., , Unni I i,„)„-r . ,lh,rlu,ll H„,il, I), . , I nil M .If Crissiniin l tin li ' illinji Tipiifru W ' liilt lliinlir l: .Srhmill Page . ' „ ' .•; Founded, 1903 Miami Unirersity Gamma Chapter. 19SS nil 4lh Sir., S. E. I el e umher of Chapters 33 Lyra vine Fish Edith Foster Hilda Greenfield CLASS OF 1924 Marian Ladner Iva Nelson Sylvia Larson Arlyne Ostrom Dorothy McCarthy Helen Sjoblom Ruth Moore Eleanor Small Erma Wood Helen Woodrutf Evelyn Kelm CLASS OF 1925 Lorinda Larson Kleanor Strickler Marv Shields Leona Train Dorothv Williams Gertrude Johnson CLASS OF 1926 Elizabeth Brown Phyllis Campbell Hele!i Falhin Margaret Fisher PLEDGES Lorraine Fitch Loretta Rainev Margaret Whitely Fitch Shields L. Larson Liidiur II. Gretiijield Fish Sjoblom Foster R. UniiiJicUl Campbell Moore Kelm Selson Williams Johnson McCarthy Ostrom Strickler Woodruff Train Small Wood Page 4S6 Founded, 1S74 University of Syractise Kappa ihapter, liHJ; .ill lOlh Ave., S. E. Sumber oj Vhaptera, 2S Genevieve Bezoier Elizabeth Craddick Dorothy Adams Helen Carpenter Isabel Bladon Mary Frances Graham Barbara Harris Frances Bowen Virginia Badger MEMBERS IN FACULTY Adah G. Grandy Rowey Belle Inglis CLASS OF 1924 Klla Grace Haverson Margnerite Lagerman Elinor Lagerman HeliMi More CLASS OF 1925 Helen Cochrane Rutli Leek Marjorie Jones Eleanor Lincoln Kathryn Kaddatz CLASS OF 1926 Helen McLaren Edith Quinn Elizabeth Martin H ' lin Rhode Agnes Newhouse CLASS OF 1927 Mary Carpenter Mildred Danaher Janet Christotferson Katherine Lincoln PLEDGES Ruth McLaren Wenonah Whitten Elizabeth Shackell Rnth Smalley Aimee White Jean MacMillan Dorothy Plocher Lila Saari Mary Staples Florence Tenney Mary Cole Lyon Harriett Zuppinger ' J, hJ drafia rn (_ DanahfT Keenan Jones Hapemon 11. Cnrpi-nhT }f . Cnrnrntfr Lrck Qitiiin McLaren chrane Ulmlon Plocher . tar. fillan Rhode E. Ltnmin trtuhltck Hawen Adams Christoffer on Saari K. Lincoln Sewhouse Harris Staples SmalUy More Bezoier M. Lagerman E. Lagerman ' hite Kaddalj Page m . 3 j c i i }y£e -. F,m,,d, 1. ;.s;h f .ii ' o;i Chaiiler. ISSO ih i;i, „• r„, rrsitfi SIJ, Will Ave, S. E. u . I.rr „l ( linpl rrs. 5(t M;n-io!i ii lrr H.tiv liuik ll.l.-ii llalclwiii Kli .iili.-tli Bullock Elizal.ctli Colwi-ll ' ir;;itiin Hrnw II .lean Cotlun Ilclrll Kur.l Mary K(,rs,.|l Kalliriiiii- Krli MEMBERS IN FACULTY (ilail. s (iililidiis Ada Kraiui ' s .loliiison GRADUATE MEMBERS Hratricc Johnson CLASS OF 1924 Dorotliy Coinstock Lois Kcl(l Sue Mason CLASS OF 1925 Alt ' rrda Davis (Icni ' vicvi ' Lanyi ' vin Hi ' lcn (iangi ' lliotf Margaret I.aviTv Elizalwtli Hcaly CLASS OF 1926 Marie Figge Marie Lynch Emily King Lulu Merchant Avis Litzenlx ' rg Muriel I ' ickler CLASS OF 1927 Harriet (Iraves (ilailys Knniilseii Margari ' t Kriapp PLEDGES Lirion (tilluni Florence Kainale " Ann Motley Dorothy Spicer Elizalieth Nisseli NLirgaret SireaUe Henrietta Nesliitt Frances Spangler (lertrude Tallnian Elaine Platoii Unth Thaxter Ethel Teagle Dorothea Wilson (ii ' raldine Sullivan K ' nnlUr,, ■,,,,; , Thaiirr . , ' . l„ll Knnl Wll. n,l K:inpi, Ihirix F.,r.l l.ynrli llcabj Tdilmini ,,,,„ ■;, , „ ( .J,,,!! l ' ntu}clhotJ l.ilirrij N; (oc; (-r Plalou Forscll lUiUock Mrrcliinil liiicb Streiik-i ' r Com.vlocl.- Haldiclit I ' lUjr 4 S tuumlnl. ISO ' Virginia . " Stale . ormal Siiima llrlii. IIIIS tOlS (till Sir., A ' . K. iimher of Cltaplvrs, J .i ( ipria De £a, MEMBERS IN FACULTY K clinf Hr Mi( rick Irf-nc ( l;i ton Kiitli Hall Marion Hiivev CLASS OF 1924 Fliiri ' iiri ' .Iiilirisiiii Ruth Miller (ilaiivs KurliiH- (lenevifve Poss Mav ' M(l)(Mlal.l Fiomicr Sparks Marjnric Wcikert Tliclma Hiiwcrs Willette Brandt CLASS OF 1925 Lila Harx ' t ' V Marmicritf Stuart Louise Hortvet BoryhiM Sundheini M. ' ir inia Tasker Helen Tews Klla West man Aileline Hoerl uoni llelrri K enson CLASS OF 1926 Delia Jolinson Ceeile Keieliert KveKn McLean Ka ' Sorensen Hulli Stuart l- ' lor.riee Tavid Herdis Hafje Lir. Hotalin Marian Krelwitz lilanelie Mereil PLEDGES r.stlier Olson Klizaliitli Overloek Helen Sclimauss ( Orerie Sehroeder a F. Johnson Tcir i Rcichcrt Harrey Weikert M. SI II art Kuchiic liotccrs Wt-slmnn II art ret Spark t l{. Sluarl Taylor Poufi Sorenncn D. Johtiaon Siinahcini Hull McDoiuild Hint} lincrhoom lirandt Ercntion McLean Millir Tu.ikr Pane 4 .9 T T « :rvW 0 5= Foiitided, 1S70 Monmouth Collt ' ge Chi Chapter, tSSO SZ9 lOlh Are., S. E. . timhcr of Chapters, 50 Mary Cochrane Jeiiella Love Winifred liosshard Heatriee Currier Phoebe HIeeeker Marian Haiiey Margaret Dickinson Lncile Andrews GRADUATE MEMBERS Marynia Foot CLASS OF 1924 Jean McCarthy Dorothy Stevens Genevieve McGowan Isabel Tryon CLASS OF 1925 Dorothy Loomis Elizabeth Morrison Katherine Mahler Jean Norwood Dorothy Mann Betty llnnt Margaret Morris Marv H. Hnrd Alice Eggleston Alice Griffin Esther Peik CLASS OF 1926 Lucy Kising CLASS OF 1927 Lorraine Long Helen Stutz PLEDGES Mary McCabe Mary Whitehead Doris Williams Leigh Sanders Elizabeth White Julia Thorpe Mary Truesdell Margaret Tryon Irma Stevens Page . ' ,30 (t hitehrad Sondtrs H hilr Miiiiil Stutz t.owi Hirhiii on McCabe Griffin 1. Stcrens Ilurd M. Tryon Truesdell Morris Loomis Currier McGowau Loye Williams Norwood Bleecker Peik Morrison Founded, 1910 Vniveraily of Xebraska Kappa Chapter, 1917 800 Vnicersity Ave., S. Xumber of Chapters, 16 Vesta Abar Evelvn Eha Ruth Elk-r Milre Achenbach Helen Eaton Jeanette Barkuloo Pearl Boehmke Dorothy Conn Margaret Douglass MEMBERS IN FACULTY Margaret Blake Harriet Bower GRADUATE MEMBERS Isabel Fillmore Marjorie Gould Alice Hedeen Ruth Luileking Florence Jackson CLASS OF 1924 Alberta Marshall A ' ada Nelson Margaret Oberg Maude A. McMahon CLASS OF 1925 Oertrude Brown Phyllis Eaton Olive Johnston Laura Elder Margaret Ericksen Ann Herrington Estelle Ingold Karia Jorgenson Ruth Ihm Agnes Oss CLASS OF 1926 PLEDGES Cora Miles Ruth Xystrom Irene Parcher Sadie Phillips Emelie Rice Mae Phillips Marguerite Robinson Anne Smith Muriel Sommermever E£Ee Manke Frances Sehweiger Grace Sehweiger Edith Thaung Dorothy Warrick hlia I; . ' eIsori U. Eaton Ingold Conn Eller lh« ■rliir Hurltmlcc Marshall Johnston lioliinson Brown Miles Lutlekinn ,Smith li ' arrick Thaung Gould Douglass Krieksen Sommermeycr Itarulao Herrington Manke Uedeen McMahon Achenttacb Oberg Abar P. Eaton Page 431 fP .Se a ' PU r„„„ inf, IS ' .;: M (UllllOlltll (oUfiji T -» J iiiiir» i(n Mphu. ISHi) loni UiiinTsihi Ac,:., s. ■;, . umber 0 Chaplcrs. OS Mrs. Km C. lilakov Leonorc Andrist Elt-aiuir Ahliett LuciU ' Corristoii Corvnne Costin Elffipiiir .III (iililis Edith Ahl.f Elizalii ' tli Eorrrst MEMBERS . ' FACULTY MarKan-t (iahli- (.i-rtnidr M Hull GRADUATE MEMBERS Ella H. Oslxuirnr CLASS OF 1924 Phillis Clenietsun l)nrntli_ ' Shradcr Marian Sawyt-r Kathryn Swaiiscii CLASS OF 1925 Elizaln-tli AikiT Mary Ildwaril Virginia Hillings CL 455 OF 1926 Elizahctli Dixcm Eileen Hallett Dorothy Donnelly Lneile Sasse Esther (Jilliert ' Carol Sehallern CL,455 OF 1927 L.irena (nll.ert PLEDGES l ' " nnice (iaerlner Elizaiteth Lvisk Alia .l.uK-s Mary Pierce Ma iiie l.anisoii Monica Langtry Dorotln Tiirker Adelaide Slenhaiig June Wakefield Helen Woods Charlotte Howaril Katherine Rundell Rnth Simonds n ' akrlirhl .I ; " ' Forreal I.iisl; I.iimsiiii I ' mtiii AhlirtI ' Sehallern llmriir.l Hiuulrll Curlnrr L. Cillurl I ' iiric Siwon.l. Hilliiiii.i E. i:illHrl SIriiliaii:! Iliillcll Cibhs I ' crria loii ]l ' imils Jones S:lir i ' :l,r Dirnn Tnrker Anilrisl Sn;in.ini Nn«..f Clcmelsiin Donndhj Page J,S:i FoiiHiieit, 1S74 Coihff CoUcffr Alpliii Ela. l J2l Ml 4lh Sir.. S. ;. . ' nnilirr of Chapters, .ii S m J fO, Klainc l{. Hiiv.n-.l Ruth Ciunpli ' i-ll Mil.lHMl 7. Clark.. Marg:iril-M:ii li rri. DorotliN I),,,! ,. (irate M Flijirkcy Hiirtiic Cross Bcriiicc DuLac Marf;arrl Hiirridt GR. DVATE MEMBERS U:irnvt (;,„rM,. l)„r..tliy l.ntlur CL. SS OF 1924 Il.-l.-n Cross Allies . I.. n.-s Iniia Kriohscii |{jta U P,,iiit,- yiitli Irisli K|,,r:, L,.„z CLASS OF 1925 Ksthrr Halv ,rs.-n Janr laHarge HuMa M. Halvorsfii Kvelvii Xolsoii ora Johnsiiii H„th Palmer CL.ASS OF 1926 Helen Kraiise ietoria Krueger CLASS OF 1927 Flossie Laliarge PLEDGES (ora Espesetli Helen Mather -Mauniie Kijlilniaiiri Oiirothv Dunn i.)h-t Herrnu Marjnrie Hill Louise Lnee Hester H. Sonderijaanl (Jladys Wootis Kleanor Stanehfiel.l Synette Swenson AJartlia T. Swe -t Elizabeth ' rnrrier J-. e!yn Paulson ,- ' - n " , , ' ■ " ' ' " • ' . " ■.■ AV,„,„.r ),,, ,,, II ,, , ' " " " ' ' ■ ' " ■ ' ■ A riinirr l.e„-. " «„ .„ ' " ..■„„, ' " ' " " " ■ ' }„„,■■■ " " ■ " ■ ' r ' " ' ' • V , " ' ■ " " " ' " ' " ' SI„„cl,MI .S,,,;; iJ-ilf.. I , J " ? " ■ ' ■ ' ;» " l.nllur,,,- .J. .„ („„„. ' • ' " " " " " ' " ' ■ ' l:ru-li„i, Krause Ilcrrim ' Cr,,.-. Page . ' ,.« ' ..«. ' .. l.. ' . " .l ' .V ' l. " .V-Trr. Founded, 1S98 i ' irginia State Sormal Alpha Tau Chapter. 19BS ISOl Vnirersity Ave., S. E. 1 jZ i ' ?ajj.o iplut dumber of Chaplers, 1,6 MEMBERS IN F.ACVLTY Or Esther Grt ' islieinirr Dorothy Frisch Hazel E. Hoffer CLASS OF 1924 Winnifrcd E. Hughes Lucille M. Qu!nu Mildred L. Meyer H. Luoille Rogers Elvira Thorsteinson Hortense Trautman Kathleen A. Murphy CLASS OF 1925 Helene M. Quiun Jane Rorem Madaline J. Brombach Janett A. Becker CLASS OF 1926 Alice Brunat Catherine C Cleary Alice C. Hanson Helen E. Hagen Kathrvn E. Swanson Helen Sather Edith Katter Margaret Lee Delia Lee CLASS OF 1927 PLEDGES ' iolet Peterson Dorothy Thome Cynthia Weinberger l ' ' l rs,:n Tli.ini. tirutiilnuh llii !iii lUrkev HansoH Katter Suansait Itarim Brunat Meyer . Qitinn Murphy Ho er Cleary L. Qiiinn Thorsteinson Rogers Hughes Frisch Page W PROFESSIONAL INTER-SORORITY COUNCIL f Ol ' FICF.RS Dorothea Hadusch President Mary K. Keenan I ' . President Gertrude Himphrev Treasurer May Davis Secretary Alpha Kappa Epsiinn Gertrude Humphrrv Dorothy Palmer Alpha Alpha Gamma Gladys Hernlnnd Helen Parker REPRESENTATIVES Kappa Epsilon Mary K. Keenan Dora Gunlangson Alpha Gamma Gamma Blanche Stodola Ma ' Davis I ' psllon Alpha Dorothea Radusch Gladys Fredenburg Kappa Beta Pi Roberta Hoftetler T HE purpose of this orfjanization is to maintain a hi h standard of conduct and scholarship and to foster a closer rehitionship, l oth social and |)rofessioual, l)etween the women of professional colleges. Parker FreticnbuT ' j Hernlund Davis Radusch S odoia K ft ' ti an Gunlnngnon Humphrey Palmer Page 435 Sampso. Parker Kuvj: Smith Brink Slocumb Ehreiiberg ALPHA ALPhlA GAMMA i A rrhili-ctiiruh Glailys Broiiillaril Edna Croft Alice l.itlli- GRADUATE MEMBERS Margari ' t Lloyd HiTiiici ' Kinimerle Nalii ' l Kniitson Edith McElroy Eunice Xiclson Marion l etri Lonisc France Quigley (icrtrnde Qniriii Dcrc.tliv Hrink CLASS OF 1924 Allicrla Elierliart (iladvs Hernlund Klorencc Knox Rlio.ia Col, CLASS OF 1925 Helen I arker Mar Slocnnili iTna Smith Grace Ca CLASS OF 1926 Muriel Khrenherii Martha Sampson Fovnilftl. ins? U nivcrsitlj nf Mis.-iourt hcln Chaplcr. 1922 . vmbir nf Chapters. 4 Fag, ' 436 ALPHA GAMMA GAMMA Di ' ttfal A ur. ' Jis I Kdith Antlcrson Miirifl Caiiiiaii GRADUATE MEMBERS II;iini;ili East Cretchcn Holtz IlfstiT Hiilin Lcota Kdlil Tht ' oflora Nt ' llerniin ' .l.aiiOD.mnrll Stella Williams May Uavis KratKcs Krskiiie CLASS OF 1924 Harriet Horton Ethel Rishniiller Mary Maher Until Ritchie Irene Xehrin; HIanchc Stdilola Merieiles Thnne llrlri, li,, kett CLASS OF 1925 Evelvn . orf;aarci Kv.lvn Tr Kv.lvi. La PLEDGE m Foil 1x1,(1. lf)22 I ' ninrsifi iif Miii ncsatii Alplin Chaiilir. W2i nmhrr of Cfuiptfrs. 1 l- ' age iSr ' r ' H ' T ' " IM FT ' Okrbeck DeVaney Harlow Kilburn Lohmann Freche Sweetser Schipper Uou-e Webster Palmer Humphrey Fredrick-son Morse Stier ALPHA KAPPA EPSILON {Chemical) MEMBERS IN FACULTY Hertha Freche Anne Nelson Lohmann Barbara Lee Lund GRADUATE MEMBERS Mary L. Morse Opal Ferguson Dorothy R. Palmer CLASS OF 1924 Cora Helen Webster Edna M. Fredrickson Kathleen M. Harlow Gertrude J. Humphrey CLASS OF 1925 Elsie Kilburn Marjorie A. Howe Huth I. Stier CLASS OF 1926 Elizabeth P. Sweetser Grace M. DeVaiiey Esther C. Ohrbeck PLEDGES Marjorie B. Schipper Marjorie Crawford Grace Hindshaw Cora Newman Muriel Pasko Alice Sturm Founded, 193S University of Minnesota Minnesota Alpha. 1923 Number of Cha-pteis, 1 Page 438 Gunlaugson Elsen peter Osfi Hecker Stillman Thompson Zenk Kirhy Champiin Foirler Abar Kcenan Chri-slyau Scheer KAPPA EPSILON (Pharmaceutical) MEMBERS IN FACULTY Hallie Bruce Vivian Vogle CLASS OF 1924 Dora Gunlaugson Alice Scheer Florence Thompson CLASS OF 1925 Vesta Abar Dorothy Champliii Catherine Christgau Agusta Henker Mary Elsenpeter Mary Katheriiie Keeiiaii CLASS OF 1926 Agnes Oss Laura Zenk VVilma Fowler Mary Kirhy Dorothy Stillman PLEDGE Mercedes Anderson Founded, 1920 UnitersUy of Minnesota Alpha Chapter, 1920 Number of Chapters, 1 Page 439 lifch- Uealy II iiiihes Loxrenbery A I men Schenck Hariri Andrist Pease THETA SIGMA PHI Mll.lrr.l All CLASS OF 1914 Lt ' oiiori- Anilrist WiiiiiifriMl Hiiyln Alire Bartcl Cecil I ' casf Lois Sclifiick Jessica Becker CLASS OF 1925 Dorothy Jane (hancller Elizalieth Healy Anne Deegaii Lenore Lowenliers Anna Lon ' J ' asker Dorutin- Arhore Doris Hill i ' lorence TaaH " ! PLEDGES Clare Stett ' aiuis Dorot li " S anson Fninided. WO!) J ' )nvcrsity of Ori ' tjDn Xii (li„iitir. mil itiiiht-r of Cfniptfrs, 29 Page . ' ,. ' ,0 Sltnic ( ' . Jf ' iir.i n. Janes H,i,l„,,l, n„in„ UPSILON ALPHA {Dental) GRADUATE MEMBERS FrrilriiUrrn Dr. Miilila I}.Tt; r Dr. lliliii (MMigli i Dr. (JriHc JoiKs Dr. Diigny Just Dr. Hiith Jones Dr. Steplianie Scluilt . Dr. Marion Sti ' vrns CLASS OF 1924 n.TMiicliiM- Dolari DoriillH-a Railn.sdi CLASS OF 92S (Ilacl s I ' riMlcnlinri; Mrs. Krankiyii Shine Dr. Irrnc ' miic()ck 1 w FiiiiiKlnl. IfllS .Uhiiirsnla H.hi. WIS Vnirrrnihj nf ( ' alifnrnid . II III Ik r iif Ch II piers, 5 Page 4 1 ALPHA EPSILON IOTA I Mr.hrah ' -W " MEMBERS IN FACULTY Dr. Esther (ireieheimer Dr. Olga S. Hansen Dr. Lillian Mayer Dr. Cecile Moriarty Dr. Lillian Nye Dr. Margaret Warwick CLASS OF 1924 Irraa Backe Charlotte Calvert Rachel Carleton Marbrv Durvea CLASS OF 1925 Janette Jennison Edna Scott Hulda Thelander Mary Fetter Marynia Foote Eunice Hilbert Laurene Krogh CLASS OF 1926 Louise Paul Edith Potter Ruth Vories Anne West Olga Holie Elizabeth Leggett CLASS OF 1921 Ruth Nystrora Founded, 1S90 University of Michigan Epsilon Chapter, 1001 Number of Chapters, 16 INTER-FRATERNITY COUNCIL " T " OFFICERS IJr. V. F. HiiliiKin Harold S. Fink Irving Marshman William Heegaard .1. G. O ' Xeil Harold S. Fink Gilbert ( " . Mears . Bernard Larpenteur George Langford Robert McPhail DORAXCE RyERSE V. B. Renvvick J(WN Brackett H H McDonald Donald C. Rogers tiERALD H. Pratt Edward Howard Robert L. Van Fossen Phil. Hartman. Rav Bartholdi Barnard Jone ' ' Elmer Jones Clyde Lighter S. A. Anderson Henry Leivestad e. e. bosland Donald Kelly Frank J. Babnk k Franklin Gray J. R. Furber Douglas Hunt RE PRE SE TATIVES l rfsitlfiit St ' crctarfj Acacia Alpha Delta Phi Alpha Sit nta Phi Alpha Tan Omrga Hria Thrta Pi Chi Delta Xi Chi Psi Delta Chi Delia Kappa Epxiloii Delta Tail Delta Delta I ' psilnii Kappa Sii ma Phi Delta fheta Phi Gam ma Delta Phi Kappa Pxi Phi Kappa Sigma Phi Sigiita Kappa Pi Kappa Alpha P.- i I ' p.siloii Sigma Alpha Kp. ' iiloii Sigma (lii Sigma Xii Sigma Phi Epsilnn Sphiiijr Tan Kappa Kp.- llnti Thela Chi Theta Delia Chi Theta Xi Zeta Psi FROM THE CONSTITUTION OF THE (OIXCIL Article II — The object of tliis oriiaiiizatioii sliall he to ad aiice the inteiesis of tlie fraternities and the University. Artich ' III. Section I l,egishiti e. The council shall have jiower to regulate all inter- fraternity matters. Section II. Disciplinary. The council shall have power to enforce its own rules. During the winter quarter, the Inter-Fraternity ( " ouncil took action on what is re- garded as the most important restriction that has ever been placed upon fraternity rushing at the University of Minnesota. I ' nder the new ruling fraternities are upon their honor not to rush freshmen during their first (piarter in school. This will jiostpone the ])rincii)al rushing season until after the Christmas holidays, and thereby give the entering freshmen an opportunity to become better e.stablished before they join fraternities. The new system goes into effect at the beginning of the fall quarter of 1924. Page J,U h ' ouniM. HlOi t ' uirerltily of Michi ' jaii Mliiiiesola Cliapler, 1000 IMC r.lh Sir.. S. E. S itmfirr iii ( liaptcrs. .11 i. I{;i(-Ilinall K. H. (onistock ( ' . A. Erdman J. T. Krt-liii Ralph M. Nflsoii Arthur ( ' . Forsyth Royal ( ' . Gray ( It-raid I). Gu ' ilhert Kl() rl L. Aiiflersoii UiMT H. liuswell I ' r. ' .l (i. Damuth fl I ' owK ' r MEMBERS IN FACULTY !■• V. (.rent T. (i. l.i-e V. F. Hiilniaii E. E Nicholson E. M. Lanih.rt C. H. Foaso A, H. Larson GRADUATE MEMBERS llnwaril t lliiHl CLASS OF 1924 Duill.y K.-aii HaroM E. Xcc RayniDiid M. Larsen Lloyd L. Fcllcy Irviiif; H. Marshman George M. Taiig Mi CLASS OF 1925 Kufiis V Hanson Walter ' , Mrtiilvra Valciitim- ( ' . Holmer Hartzell ( ' . Mills Leslie K. Knieger John H. Munroe ( " lifi ' ord K. Lush Osear L. Xi ' lsoii CL. SS OF 1926 l{a ' nal " . Haninielton Harold . Snirtana PLEDGES Paul tiriinsted (ieorge Jolm toii -Inlm Ha kins4)n Hugh Fhi!lii s A. Storm A. L. Thomas R. A I Ivestad J. S. Vonng ( " ar! ( ' - Zimrn ' rnian Harold V. Thomas Rov H. Tomhave Elwyn H. Welch William F. Peel Richard (). Storherg Hov.l R Thomas Llov.l V ' .l i (.. . ,l.t„„ Krnfticr Totnhat ' f ' .I m iiitri ' Marshman h ' lirHiilli Ilammdlnn It. Thomas iiulcrsoti l.arsrn Page 4. ' ,- ' ' a J)e .P F„un,lr,t. ISSJ 11,1 mill,,,, CoUeur Minnesota Cliapler 1 Sy£ 17: 0 University Ave., S. E. Xnmlier of Chapters, 6 Dr. Amos W. AliUott Franc P. Daniels Kiiwar.i (;. (lark, Jr George W. ArtlierhoU Calvin W. Auranil Roger Catherwood Merl n E. ( ' aninioii Wade H. English Arnold J. (Irulter MEMBERS IN FACULTY Dr. William W. Fohvell Dr. Kae T. LaVak. ' .lolui M. Cans Dr. l- ' letrlu-r H. Swift Dr. I ' aul W. (lies sler INACTIVE MEMBERS Rudolph E. Hultkrans Henry ' . Nihs John Lind, Jr. CLASS OF 1924 . Dryden Eberliart Benjamin 1 ' . MeCormiek William H. Heegaard James M. Metealf CLASS OF 1925 Reginald L. ( ' owt ' ii CLASS OF 1926 Jnlni . . Crahlu- Charles C. Ilewill CLASS OF 1927 .lohri (). (ironen Xornian I.. Ni ' whonse Jcihn I. an Eynian D Kiiliinson PLEDGES . llan D. James Charles Stnt . . rehil)ald E. Wagner Benjamin W. Wheeler Stnart . Willson Thomas Sands William Woollett (.yril P. Pesek Charles K. Morris W. Dana Slingerland Vernon I. Tompkins M t f.JLt. f f f f f f f f t Ciiinmon Ctitln ' rwiiod Jiiinen Hewitt Ilceyaard Metealf Etiylish Slinnerland .Wwhuiise Mvl .MW vl. A urand Ehcrharl Arllirrlwlt Vlark- Woollett Sands M ' illson Page 446 Founded. 1S4- Yale Vnitersity Rho Chapter. 1916 925 6th Str.. S. E. y umber of Chapters. 25 c j ' i S i-£ Owen Wangensteen Louis M. Allen Alvin R. Johanson Edmund Copeland Hamilton S. Craig Clarence A. DeLong James W. Alexander William D. Donnelly Harry J. Gillhani Howard C. Anderson Glenn C. Anderson P. Leighton Belli n Joel S. Carlson MEMBERS IN FACULTY G. W. Donrie A. J. Carlson GRADUATE MEMBERS Warren Hanna CLASS OF 1924 Joseph R. Pratt Riehard L. Sullivan Clifford B. Sawyer CLASS OF 1925 William W. Foote Elliot L. Ludvigson Steiner E. Hansen Palmer O. Narveson N. Albert Holnier Clitford W. Piekle CLASS OF 1926 Peter A. Guzy Clarence E. Hegg Francis A. Hackett James L. Krusemark Heinrieh J. Kulilman CLASS OF 1927 Herman J. Asclier Lawrence G. Johns Dennis M. McGinn Alfred L. Meis Winton Merritt J. (lordon () " eil PLEDGES Harvey R. Meyer Elnor (). Overland Gage M. Taylor Clarence Pearson Dr. Donald C. Mebane John A. Weeks Harry D. Woolman Leland M. Smith W. Walter Turner Frier McCollister William H. Schneider Thomas S. Sullivan Terrance L. Webster James M. Sutherland Lewis G. Tiffany Leslie L. Schroeder Milton J. Shannon llarktti llii,,.,r,i Del.ntw Prall Asrhcr Pickte O ' Seil Kuhlman (rain s . arresoii Schneider Krti: iemark llf ' J Donnelly McCollister Sairyer Alexander Turner Johanson l.udrigaen Smith li ' eh ter Page W Cj Ipff. u O srAci l ' " iiRlfe l„in„l,,l isi:r, I friiiiiifi Miiitnrii J iixlil lilt ' Cammn Sii Cliaplrr. Wm ISJl L ' liirernilij Art-.. S. K. Xiiiiihrr nj (_ ' hii filers, ,S ' 4 M. li. Cliittick Jules Fi ' fliii Hriilii-ri C. Clalfnic H. iirns Willis C. Ddhlis Harol.l S. I- ink NiiiiiKiii II. Hakrr VAdred M. Hrc.s Clark Craiii Frc-(1 (). Hcn-lu-rs Lloyd A. Bfi-K MEMBERS IN FACULTY R. U. Kitts Dr. .1. R..llno,k Iv I ' . Lvdiis GRADUATE MEMBERS l . ' t itKitiil II I.aii ' loii CLASS OF 1924 Walla.r Iv Krycrsoii V,-n.lrll (» I(..«.ts CLASS OF 1925 V. Cswald Kreliili Oliver K. Sarff Sainiirl E. (iray Krcrli ' ric-k L. Schailc Iviniuinl T. Mc)iity ini( ' t_ " CLASS OF 1926 (iiMirHc Cuchra)!.- Sliiarl 1). I ' ' ink Karl ' . Ilriiriksiiii CLASS OF 1927 A. Wliittirr Dav .Inscpli 1 . McCin-crii i:il..rl F Farmilu,- A.l.llHTt Uvhnrr PLEDGES Carl A. I.alldis I ' alll 1) Mrlyrs V. S. Siiiilrv .1. F. Sjirafka Horace G. Scott Walter Se ' erson Renlten D. Sko Kichar.l M. Walralli LeRoy Turner Klino K. Wilson l " lo (l Nielsoii Gilbert G. Wills. X.-;,il, , ' IriiKi II ; ,.,.« Una Scuf Eiih liriiii llriiril.-xiiii Dobbs fnclirdiir .inn Tniriisinil linkrr Wilhnlh Turner Shini SrntI S. Fml; limlfr. - C. Hriin Fnnrh II. Finh Miintifamirn I ' uf f . S m Founded, 1S30 Miami Unirerxity licta Pi Chapter, 1SS9 1625 University Ave., S. E. Siimhcr of Chnptrr.t, S t liJA ' PC C. p. Barnum J. W. Beach Htynold K. B. Coti- Wiiliani ( ' . ( " offnian ( litforil K. Johnsiui Cliarles L. Bean! William Crawford K. Warren Fawcett Lewis R. (lillette i-IIiii ton .1. Br iw li Murrav L. Clianipine Davi.l ' P. Kin.llev MEMBERS . ' FACULTY H. Cleltuii E. E. Nicliolsi.ii Dr. H. K. Micliilsiii, K. W. Olmsted M. I), MudHctt GRADUATE MEMBERS Riidvard Davis Hilton Mi ' lliv CLASS OF 1924 Frank W. Levis Ralph (). Olson. Jr. Gilbert L Mears J. Ward Ruekman Stanlev 1). Travis CLASS OF 1925 Harold T. Kni-hn Wyman Srnitli ietor L Lmn CLASS OF 1926 Ernest L. Gnttersen Kenneth (). New honse Bernard L Hilton Levering L. Seenian Theodore W. Leavitt CLASS OF 1927 David .1. Lnick KIdridge Meagher (lark ( ' . Xewhonse PLEDGES Donal.l l{. Knel.rl I ' liillip Scott eriion E, Smith C. p. Sigerfoos H. Woodrow Lester T. Spronl Edgar W. Weaver n. Ford Wilkins Ma ■d ( ' . Wcflui: Jolm D. Travis Donald L. Williams Gooden(»w R. Winter Wallace A. Thexton ( ' . Robert Stone Melvin T. Traeger tVinlrr IVilliama Ifriluni Kuehn (liUcttc i ' rutrl ' oni M Fnircrll Ulll ' iii (ititlrrarn S. Trans ' J. Trari.1 H ' ilkiit.t flritnl Uurhrnnii Sprimt Maim OUon l.rarill Johnson Page i49 . .1 i Foumlril. tun V nirersily of il ittiipsotti Minnesota Alpha, 19tl I no olli Sir.. S. E. (3Af. ( MI ai. .JQ ' A uinher of t liaplers, 1 t ' aryl Chapiii Alvin Furlimaii CLASS OF 1924 Huht-rt Lfiilit Uunalil Lvfurd (eflric Adams J. Russel Graves Austin L. Grimes CLASS OF 1925 Stanley Heins Herman Mueller alt T Highe Myron Parsons iiernarcl Lar] enteur Rowland Raiulolph Cortland MeGrail Walter L. Rice Ralph Rotnem Marcus Sundheim Sidney Watson John onnor Kenneth Ferguson Roy C. Frank t ' edric Jamieson CLASS OF 1926 Leslie Dae Lindou Phillip Maurer Thomas Mitchell Theodore Purintun ictor Reim Ehrling Bergquist CLASS OF 1927 Del mar Hlocker George Hellickson Arthur Alilx-tt Henr ' Fonda Harold Heins Win Hiljedick Edward Lande PLEDGES Fdni(!nd Logan Farl Prichard Rome Riebeth Harrv Swensen Itamlolph Plirininn l.iirpfnleiir Fnrhman Milchrli Rice ■.eichi Frank Mudhr IV at son Suiidheini Connor l.llfoni Rcim Chapiu Griiiu.s A i(ims Undo Page 4 ' )U -. « Founded. IS l Uninn t ' oUege Alpha .Vii, IS7i I. ' il. ' i Unirrrxity Air., S. K. Sumber of Vhnplcrs, 23 Dr. J. S. Ahhott Rodcrif Marfv Cross G. Proctor Cooper, III Robert W. Cranston Sf i: ' T s-l MEMBERS IN FACULTY Dr. M. Henry GRADUATE MEMBERS Joseph .Veil Morton CLASS OF 1924 Melvin James R. Killy Cary Lansforrl CLASS OF 1925 Philip C. Elliot (ieorgc F. Regan P. Granilin CJoiUev Colbert Searles George Langford, Jr. Charles Manning Rollit William B. Strvker CLASS OF 1926 T. L Rosser Chesebrough Floyd L. Dwiglit Haverly Jones Oidilinns ( iirlsoit Ettiot Diriiiitt Stryker Crannton Jones Reijan Cross Morton 6 ' . Liiitsford ( ' . Lnugjord Cooper I ' aye J,S1 c - - i M Founded. ISOO CnrneU I ' liiversily Minnesota Chapter, 18S3 1601 VniversUij Ave., S. E. Siimlicr of Chapters, ' 20 Ilciuy .1, l ' ' l.-lili,T V. (■liaii.lli Koniuui Eltiin !■ " . Clotliit-r Basil A. Beaver Frederie A. Bopp Elhridge P. Bragdon Mayiiaril (). B " rkness George Boos Gordon F. Boweii Shelliv Gar n.l MEMBERS I FACULTY R. Ju-.tiii Miller GRADUATE MEMBERS orneliiis I ' liillip CLASS OF 1924 Robert L. MePhail Alljert S. Tousley (ieorge L. Sulerud CLASS OF 1925 William Maughan Harold C. E. Peterson Clarice H. Simpson CLASS OF 1926 James R. Cooper Robert B. Gillespie George K. Forma n Cecil C. Hallin Julian Fossen J. Stoever Hooper A Kin E. Ottum CLASS OF 1927 (ilcnu Borgendale David Comb PLEDGES Cecil (;ilkinson Lawrence Hodgson Henry Hanpt Brnce Hooper Davis Edwards Hermann R. Wiecking William J. Swanson Herbert Parker Rnssell Tangen Robert D. Thompson D. Xorman Weber Allen li. Crabtree Harold Mathews Benjamin i ' IU l ' ,irh- l;.,„„„.l„l, ;...... l:,rl.t,, x .v«,;;i...,i Hnllill Wi-hcr 0. Siili-ntd ll ' uckuttt t_rahtree litatrr i iutnr lUiiren I ' rlersoii C. Formaii Gillespie Tangen Tuusleu McPhuil FoKxen Simpson Manglian Braijilon C. for TlioinpKon Pmjc . ' ,r .i Foiiudfd, ISj J Yah- I ' nirerailij riii •. ' j.»:7rj)l. ISSfi 1711 riiir.rxihi Air.. S. H. Sumbfr uf Chapler.t, . t i J( ' J i S t sriUtt II. W. l!;iil,Mlirif IJicliaril IJurton Wil A. P. (;nilia Jolin ( ' . Day Fred H. Grose Einar C. Anderson Donald S. Bagley .Malcolm R. Anderson William 11. Canldwell Jolin L. Heal James K Hill MEMBERS IN FACULTY .lolni Ifiitler H. P. Hit.llie J. ( ' . La( ' (]m|ite GRADUATE MEMBERS Clirt ' ord A. Tane ' . Jr. CLASS OF 1924 Lafayette L. Ilnfman Nathaniel H. Lnfkiii Kdwin W. Krart ' t Donald G. Xeiiman Murray . Laiipher CLASS OF 1925 L. Leslie Buck Hugo H. Hanft John fi. Frenzel Wesley F. Shipton CLASS OF 1926 Carroll J. Dickson I ' hili]) T. Kelly Richard W. Jones CLASS OF 1927 Alan T. Campbell l{oger A. Gnrley Herbert F. Farmer Henry W. Hartz !l PLEDGES Karl Heine I5en J. (ireer C. A. Savage . . C. Straiichauer ( Veil J. Watson Dora nee D. Ryerse Edwin L. Svlvester Maurice E. Witting Emil G. Wunderlich Ralph L. Robertson Frank R. Shaw Paul W. Woodruff Thomas H. Morti : " ' _ Buck Rohcrtfion Kelt; Shaw Shipton Cauldwdl Lanpher (Irose yeumaii ir;» iij;_ .1 . Ali(lir. un Dirkmii Ilati I E. Andfrnon W uitdfrlich l.itfkiti liyersc Day Sylvester Krajfft I ' age ,SS Foumlfd. 18.50 Bethuuy (. ' oUeije Beta Eta Chapter, 1883 1717 University Ave., S. E. cS l . : kjl. £ e Ai. Sumher of Chapters, 66 C. 1). Dahl. ' Kcnnetli L. Goss Kenneth D. Bros John H. Derrick Theodore S. Allen Miller D. Derrick Phillip Banman Howar l I ' . Blakclv MEMBERS IN FACULTY W. A. Dihell (has. Watkins Dr. L. A. Marker GRADUATE MEMBERS C. V. Bros CLASS OF 1924 John R. Ilaii.l John M. Herron Verne D. l ichards CLASS OF 1925 Vernon J. Dnnlop • ' . Lee Herron Louis Fischer W. Bruce Renwick John H. (iemmell CLASS OF 1926 Robert W. (ienunell Xeal X. Nelson O. Guv Johnson CLASS OF 1927 Jack L. Raymond Harry . . I ' inkir PLEDGES Weston Farmer Raymond Peterson Dan Peacock Robert H. Rahn Dr. A. A. Zic rold A. Douglas McCullough Eugene Scheldrup Albert Sidow John Stewart Stanley E. Wager Durell Richards Frank Week Sfeirurl Schftttntp Sclson AUi-n M. Dirnrk J. fitiiimtti Richania Roiimond Fi.icher Johnson Goss Tinki-r K. Bros R. Gemmell Sidow Dtinlop L. Herron C. Bros J. Derrick Renwirk J. Herron McCnUougk ■ . Page J,oJ, Founded. 1834 Williams CoUcije Minnesota Chapter. ISOO 921 University Ave., S. E. Sumher of Chapters, 8 cDeU ' Jpsf a •_ Dr. 1 ' . L. Adair J. O. Cederberg C. A. Herrick Ralph ( ' reighti)n H. Harold Baker Archie J. Conliffe James M. Barclay Xorbert J. Clure James E. Devlin Donald G. Baxter Robert Challman Thomas Barclay Howard Jones MEMBERS IN FACULTY l)r II. ( ' . Lawton Dr. 1). K. Miiinich Dr. J. ( ' . Litzeiiborg Prof. W. H. Peters G. C. MacRae Dr. VV. A. Rilev Dr. J. C. McKinlev Dr. C. G. Salt GRADUATE MEMBERS Murray L. Jcini ' S CLASS OF 1924 I ' raiik ' . Mciultiin Fred H. ().st,-r CLASS OF 1925 S. .Mail ( ' hailiiiaii David . Burlingame Donald R. Johnstone CLASS OF 1926 Reginald Forster Ri hard McCanipbell Daviil H. Matthew CLASS OF 1927 Edward X. Cook IJulMrt Hyslop Monroe E. Freeman Lhn ' d Klingman PLEDGES G. Herbert King Carl Litzenlierg Thomas Matthew Earl B. Kribbcn Joseph B. LamI) John C Brackett L. B. Shippee F. W. Springer E. . . Warren Jr. Gordon C. MacRae Theodore H. Pelton John E. P. Towler T. Lawtou MacDonah; Kenneth .Velsim Koljert B. Whitney Frank A. Oster Scott C. Thiele Royal Xunamakcr George Truesdell ffS 1 1 t f ir »»Jm T. yfiillhcir tnijiiiiti Kiiuj Johnstone y iinamakfr Ihiitir . clson I). Malllinr Lilzfnhcrg Cater Moulton T. liarclay H ' hitneif Forster li. Challman ilsli-r itacDonald Klingman Conk Clnrc Thiele Junes llyslop Towler Itaker ' I.anih I ' eltnu Challmntt Krilihen liurlingame llraekctt Page 455 .iiii.r.i.t ' ii ' .ii ' di 111 ' -I •IT ■ • I . J pa- S :9ta Foil n, Int. 1S60 V tlircrsltll of Vinjinitl Beta ill! Chapter. 1901 112S olh Sir.. S. E. Sitmher of Chapters. 02 Earlp B. Fisflur H K. Hayes Louis J. Kelly Francis Collins Theodore J. Cox James B. Emerson Carl Apitz Conrad Cooper Kenneth Belina Alfred Bergerud Arthur Cooper MEMBERS IN FACULTY Dr. R. E. .lohnson Wni. H. Spalding Harold Macv GRADUATE MEMBERS John W. Kisehliach John L. Herron CLASS OF 1924 P. Evan Osearson Frazer A. McGregor Frank T. W. Roos CLASS OF 1925 A. Murray Hawes (ieorge A. McDonald Norman F. Kunde Hugh H. McDonald John Louis CLASS OF 1926 Paul Deringer Justin Johnson Paul Howe Keith Krieger CLASS OF 1921 Howard Havcraft PLEDGES Elmer Dufa George Lang Frank Glotzhach George Nelson John Hoving Thornton Northy Capt. N. V. Speece Wesley A. Sturges S. Bailev Wilson Ernest G. Nethercott Clarence Schutte Sumner E. Whitney Julius Perit Harry Skinner Pavil Johnson William Walker Merle Walsh ll ' hiliirll tlsrantci U. Mr Donald II. Howe . elh,rcoll Rns.i [ielina Apilz Schutte J.Johnson G. McDonald l.nris Deringer Krieger McGregor Peril Collins Emerson Cox Fisehhach Kelly ff ilson Ilaue Page . ' fid til r- ' •: Founded. ISiS Miami Vnircrsity Minnesota Alpha, ISSl 10 7 University -Ire, .S ' . E. Sitmber of Chapters, SO Dr. H. S. Dielil Dr. E. Harding Charles E. Erdmann Hiram D. Beek Roy P. Busrh Newell ( . Aiiiirews Lewis J. Collins Dana Bailey Paul V. Clayton Elbritige Curtis MEMBERS IN FACULTY Dr. T. V. Hartzell Robert Siller Dr. G. E. Frankforter Paul W. Rhame Dr. G. E. Strout GRADUATE MEMBERS Shattu( k W. Hartwell . lano Pierce CLASS OF 1924 John K. Fesler Raynionil V. Johnson Willard C. Jensen Leonard E. Mabbott CLASS OF 1925 Leonard Nordin Leonard I hilhower William S Pinkerton CLASS OF 1926 James Perkins CLASS OF 1927 Milton Sknbba Charles Curley Gordon Fisher Elliot (Jriffitli Gerald O ' Connor Rodii Erling Kenneth Sansome Dr. H. P. (Jdland V. R. Smith Robert White Lester Robson Clinton V. Redland Donald C. Rogers R.n M. Rook Edward W. Spring Warren Smith Horatio Walker H B K H B . || 1 (ollins Fesler Vhilhou-rr Grijjith Jensen Fisher Fntltin lleek- Clayton Curtei Nordin Frling _ Rooli Saitsome lirown Spring Rogers Smith Walhrr Pink-crton Hawkes Rohson llusch MaUmll Johnson Andretrs Redliind O ' Connor Page 4,57 " l ' t ' ' f ' M ' | ' " t " T ' T ' T MJ l ' T ' T ' |t H il ' TT ' M ' ' ' T ' t ' l ' ' 1 ' »ll ' l ' tTT ' ' T»t ' l l t t iM. iVi .i Mi ' i.» 111 .tit I. l■l l VA Vl ■ ' ' ' lVl. .V isaBs, " T 3 tt uu iDe ta A .rA. Fonniei. 1S4S H ' aithifi ' jlott mul Jefrrson Mil Siijma Chapter. 1S90 1139 Vnirersily Are., S. E. y umber nf Chapters. G6 I. S. Allison Dr. John C. Brown Solon T. Buck John M. Bridge Frank Bessesen Donald Gilfillan Harry Craddick James Farity Robert Chapman Harold Bjornstad Philip Fairchild MEMBERS IN FACULTY Dr. Frank Burch A. S. Haddaway Lotus D. Coffman Wm. F. Holman Lenno.x B. Grey A. ( ' . Kny Dr. Frling S. Platou GRADUATE MEMBERS L ' nian ( ' oult Clarence Sanders CLASS OF 1924 John E. Grathwol Fredcriek J. Osander C. C. Hutehins CLASS OF 1925 Merritt M. McDonald Milton G. Ramer Gerald H. Pratt CLASS OF 1926 Thomas C. Hanna C. inrent McCarthy Richard Kvle Janio Mnlvev CLASS OF 1921 Frederick C. Joerns PLEDGES C. Randolph Frazee Edward Skinner C. Veston Lang Goodrich M. Sullivan Kleber AYill D. J. M. Walls Dr. T. W. Weuni Dr. F. W. Wittick Mark Severance Harold C. Richter Walter Youngbauer J. Arthur Schott Lawrence E. Swanson Donald . Lathriip Pari Winget Eugene Young Yonntjhauer Severance Craddick Mulrcjj Pratt Jocrjts llaana Usaitdcr Faricy Swanson Bridge fcCarthlJ Ramer Richter Oil fill an Grathwol Bessesen Scholt Kyle Page 4.5S i riV. r.r r ■;;;, ' .»■:» ' A ' ' v.». ' »■ ' . ' ■■ t- ' .7VTT;iii ' . ' .:u ' _ Founded. ISSi Wanhington and Jejfcrson Minnrtoitt llela, ISSS WO!) L ' niver.nli Ave., S. E umber of Chapters, 4 " yAi- J( a,ny . James U. Bohaii Oliver S. Aas Frank E. Blodgett Floyd L. Diinnavan Clark H. Barnacle Lee C. Deighton George B. Beveridge CLASS OF 1924 C Edward Howard E. (liiiton Merrill Joiin K. Mortlaiid CLASS OF 1925 Richard C. Balch Artluir (liristensoii Edwin R. Booth John Kilty CLASS OF 1926 Carrol O. Gietzen Douglas MacGregor George J. Gillen J. Norval Mulligan Donald D. (irandin CLASS OF 1927 John R. Frazee Clinton Macfilashan Paul Kees PLEDGES Kenneth I- ' . Booth liohert .1 I ' eplaw Lawrence S. Wallis Gordon G. Leitz Alfreil V. Partridge Leon W . Schonek Donald L. Short Edgar P. Wilhuts lliihan h: Ilmilh (irandin K. Ilanll, Blodyell .Morlliind Partridge Gillen (iittztii Schonek Short Frazee Kees Deighton Peplaw Byera MacGlashan Christenaen Willcuta Kilty Mulligan Barnacle Leitz Merrill Aas lloinird Dunnarnn Hatch Wtillif Page 4 9 m ' T ' f I ' J J ' » ' 1 »fTTr» I It ; H . i I t I . l ' . I ■ t ' I I ' .i t ' j II II ' P u ' j fijy i ' r jtn Fnunded, 1830 f ' nirersity of Penit! ! lv inia Atpha Sigma 1915 1214 4th Sir.. S. E. Sitmber of Chapters, 31 Honrv D. Br(. hni MEMBERS IN FACULTY Xorris K. t ' arnes E. W. Davis Joseph E. Cuniming (i. R. Elliot Fred W. Liieliring CL.455 OF 1924 Thomas H. Canfield (ii ' orge B. Myriim Arlo E. Cornell Ralph H. Dwaii CLASS OF 1925 Homer Fraiikenberger Harold J. Grill Gorilon Graff Howard J. Larson Rav Graff M.lville H. Manson Walter T. Pratt Robert L. VanFossen I ' jiiil Dwan CL. KSS OF 1926 Gerald F. Frankmaii Fred Graef Paul ( ' . Remington, Jr. Dave Canfield CLASS OF 1927 James H. Chappie Charles Ritten Roll,. H Williams Panl Daneulovie Llo ' ,l Jones PLEDGES Calvin Libb Howard Webb Htttcn FritiikjiHiii Grill MiiiiKoii (oritcll I). I lUilidd l.arxnn I ' . L)u,in Chappie Feiniiiyttin (!. Graff R. ilrad I ' aiiFossen R. Diean T. Canfield II illiams Frankeiiherifer Prat Myruvi Fuge JflSCi 1 1 ' _ 1 M -•=! 1 ' ' J l Foumird. 1873 Beta Deiiferon Chapler. I ' JIO Maifnarhuxctts Aijriciiltiirat Collciic lOlS C nitcr.tily Ave., S. E. Sumbcr of Chapters. 36 S ' ma. pti T. S. Hanson H« ' int ' r F. Lingelhacli Philip Hartmann Ll(» ' (i Peterson Alfred Armstrong I ' liilip ' atlin Meivin ( uuie Paul Borlin Mnrr ' Fowler MEMBERS m FACULTY Albert K. Jenks Carlyle Scott Thomas S. LoveriiiK CLASS OF 1924 Robert Manly Frank Ponil Donald Sinclair CLASS OF 1925 Joe Porzadek Thomas Saxe Hay Ross Clifforfl Thompson Dean Rankin CLASS OF 1926 Percy Flaaten Howard Malone Wilton Lnndquist Raymond Rasey CLASS OF 1927 Marshall Coolidge, Jr. Walter Kelso PLEDGES A. Mason Smith. Jr Richard Kerr Donald Ross .1 1 ' . Wcntlin- H. (inv Tavloi- John Ward, Jr. Herbert Wever Jack Spencer John Wishek. Jr. (juinten Nelson I)onald Sn_ -fier . rthur ' cston f.ittiih iiixt Porzadek Juhmton Covh ' i Malaiir tly«ii Kaiikiti H ' i.sliik littMji Thompson Kti o Mimlji Siixc Spencer I ' fiiiii It ' fiftr Flaaten llarlmonn Sinrliiir I ' eterson Annstrotitf I.iiiiielltacli Page 461 V J ' ' T V ' ! ' " T " V " t ' T M V l - ptK3,C A . Founded. ISISS Unipersily of t ' irijinia Beta Chi, 1922 llOS oth Sir., S. E. Xumber of Chapters, GO Ifc ll -I MEMBERS IN FACULTY .Instill Lfiich Win. Tannewitz Raymond Bartholiii Erland T. ChalhiTg Walter B. Cole Lyle Flanigan Flovd Gilbert CLASS OF 1924 George O. Forseth Raymond (i. Seitz .John . . Kolb K.dward Stanffaclier .lames P. Ronan CLASS OF 1925 Herbert L. Kiflkopf Norman Nelson Earl T. Mettner Robert Smith CL.ASS OF 1926 Lamliert V. Horn Frederick .Inst Dale ( ' . M. Savre Howard V. Zeidler Fred Whittemore Clarence O. Tormoen Edward Winkeniverder Raljili Stegner .Joel Dolvin Roliert Freiizel CLASS OF 1927 Chester Henrickson PLEDGES Chester Lindstrom Oscar Olson .John McCaiile " Clarence Paulson .John Panlson Unrlhnldi Just tl ' iiil;ctitcerdeT Saf rc II Stiiiijfacher Cole K . " leiiner Henriel-sun Zeidler Challiery Tormoen Mettne Flanigan Kielkopf Page Ifi !l l Founded, JS33 Union College Mu Chapter, 1891 1731 University Ave, S. E. S umber of Chapters, 36 l . II. HrinL.M David C. Ditmorp William ( ' •. ( ' uiniiiiiiKS Howard L. Cless Robert P. Hargreaves P. Lvman Howe, Jr. J. Marshall ( ' less Frank R Coniiel! MEMBERS IN FACULTY ■I. ( ' . HutehiiLson Dr. Win Murray K. M. Mann Henry .Xaclilrieb GRADUATE MEMBERS ( ' . Bogart (arlan CLASS OF 1924 W. Dciuglas James Edwin ( ' . Mnir Lionel Nieholson CLASS OF 1925 .Vllied W. Ildlmes. Jr. Harnard D. Jones CLASS OF 1926 Malcolm 15. (iraham ' on E. Liiseher William H. Grueidiagen K. Craig Ho r ' CLASS OF 1927 Robert E. Jacobsen H. Wells Mareh R. Ramsay Parker PLEDGES William L. Darling Jolin H. Qninlan James E. Halbkat Edward F. Sands. Jr Irwin L. Oliver J. M. Pike Asher White George M. Pepparii Harry E. Patterson B. Ward Rising . lbert A. I ' ratt Bradley H. Troost Houston Shockey Johri P. Spooner ll Holmes Qiiiitlan ll. I.. Cl,.-.- I ' rail Jamfx l ' ttlfr»on TrttoM Muir Jacobsen Iloirc Jones Ri.sinn (irnnihagcn I ' epparit Darling Iltiirnj March Parker Uarnreatrs Cu m minga Sicholson Page J dS Si W i. C l fi Sps fi Fuiiviled, IS.JO Cniverxity of Alabama Minnesota Alpha. 1 902 1121 University Ave., S. E. Number of Chapters, 9 Dr. A. H. W. C. Coffey K(iuin ( ' . Adamsoii Karl H. ( " ochran Donald M. Davidson Harold A. Hunger Hay K. Archer Merwin F. Dingle Walter H. Hadliok Richard K. Moh ' iieaux MEMBERS IN FACULTY L. C. Humphrev C. A. Moore L. F. Miller GRADUATE MEMBERS Leslie Anderson William Edwards CLASS OF 1924 John Davidson Paul H. Hehveg Justin Hayes Elmer A. Jones Thomas J. Naylor CLASS OF 1925 Leslie K. ( " ase Gerald A. Myles Wilfred R. Knutson CLASS OF 1926 Harold W. Haase Donald S. Peckham Harold Molyneaux Reuben A. Pirsh Jack Nicholson CLASS OF 1927 Clarence E. Schuetz J. Wynian Wilson PLEDGES Walter A. Harkcr Charles L. Nelson Dr. W. P. Shepard H. C. Sproul Cyril S. Olson Ellsworth L. Peckham Ober E. Rask Carlton C. Wagoner John F. Thomas Guy R. Watts Roger C. Wheeler . etson Myles Anderson Archer Ilanse Tbfurui. Iladlick li ' ilson yichohon Adamson Cochrnti Olsiui Case Duii le Barker D. Peckham H. Molyneaux H ' alls Edwards ll ' aiioner R. Molyneaiii R. P ' trseh eeler Hehreti Kniilson Jones Hayes Rash E. Peckham I). Daridson Hanger I ' uge 4f - ' i Founded. 1900 College of the Cily of Sew York- Kappa Chapter, }!)l ' AlO 11th Are.. N. K. Sumher of Chapters. .iS JSM, cJSJ c j zt, Joseph Chase George Abramson Arnold Kdelmaii CLASS OF 1924 Marvin Oreck Jac Tulman Woodner Silverman CLASS OF 1925 Mosher Blunienfeld Allen Rivkin Monroe Kullierg Hariild Shapira CLASS OF 1926 Edward Edelnian Lyie Polinsky Harr " Milavetz CLASS OF 1927 Maurice Bliinienllial George Wolf Alihott Wolf Irving RiiUen Samuel Kramer PLEDGE A. E.lrim,!,, ISIumcnIhill A. Il ' o r KiMer.i,- Rirkin (;. Wolf E. H.lrlmait Ahramitoit Page 1,65 M ' T ' T ' . ' ' ' T ' . " ' T . " ' . " ' T » ' j . i ' » M ' . r " f ' » ' t fn ' ' ■ I Sz n ( £ Fiiitiiitcil. ISoo Miami Vnircrsiiij Alpha Sigma. 1888 1G£3 University Arc, S. E. r-3i Sumbcr of Chapters, SI William E. Hrooks MEMBERS IN FACULTY Darrel H. Davis Prof. Hi ' iiry W. VauKlin Donald Ferguson Dr. Mac Xider Wetherby Robert W. Hariiard George R. Dtjwns CLASS OF 1924 John S. Farrell Preston O. Higgins Clayton H. Glenzke Kenneth G. Moore Earl T. Martineau Fred H. Warneke Joseph K. Dunlop Martin H. Gerrv CLASS OF 1925 Victor L. (;ilbreath Mark A. Matliews Carl L. Lidberg Will C. Reed Clyde V. Lighter Herbert J. Swanbeck Francis P. Whiting Philip Bingenheinier Gale Greenhaigh CLASS OF 1926 Orville Matthews John S. Morton Chester Dav Salter Everett X. VanDuzee Hugh H. Williams Frank I. Baiiman John H. Giles CLASS OF 1921 Harold J. Kellv (ieorge H. Langford Parker L. Kidder Jack P. Lent hold Bruce A. Palmer Noel Yelland 1 1 L H 1 ' -s HiiioiJ ii r gjf f JL f I 21 Salter Warneke Greeiihaigh Olenzke Williams Oerri Barnard Mvore Reed Siranherk Lidlterg Morton Matthews Mathews Whiting Biniienheimer Hard Wetherliy Lit hter VanDuzee (iilhreath Farrell Downs Dunlop Hii iliiis Martineau Page 466 i Founded, 1869 Virginia MiUtary Innliliilt (ittmmfi Tan, 190, «;•; Vnirrrsily Art., S. F. umbfr of Cfiaptfru, int S ' ttf cyf wk William H. Emmons Jul. B. Baumann Raymond A. Ekluni] Selmcr A. Anderson M. Louis Hanson Norman W. Anderson W. Scott Crowlev William W. Cullen Krnnotli J. Grant MEMBERS IN F. CULTY K.-mp Malonr c. (;. Phipps CLASS OF 1924 Robert v.. Mel),,,,;,!,! l{,||p|, n. Moffat ( liester .1. (lay CLASS OF 1925 Ricliard U. Hostrup Tom S. IIiiMiard R. S. Johnson CLASS OF 1926 George M. Iliick Francis (i. Xicliols Everett F. Jones Henry R. Norman H. Leonard Long CLASS OF 1927 Charles K. Ehle ,I„],„ |{. Kdlv Carl L. Pcai PLEDGES James D. Sn clcr Qniricy Wrifjlit Louis ( ' . Roemer Rheuben Thorson Porter W. Kiipatrick G. O. Pearson Stanlev T. aill Ralph W. K. Wilson Franklin J. Ro.hford L . Thorson lloslr„p r.„r,,.„ n„hl,ar, Jone, M„ffal lioemt, " " • ' • " ' ' " ' " ' ■ " ■« llileu Baumann ' " ! ' • " . Horh „r,l -l.„„g K,l ,mlrick _ ( „„■ ,■, fM,- K, 11,1 Thoraon S ' nrman . idinly Eklund .V. .inderaiiu ,S. .{nderaon Page 467 M foiindr l. Win Rirhmniul ( ' ullecie ■S ' Minnesota Alpha, 1916 1009 Vnicersily Ave.. S. E. S0wa. ifi £- Sp-s ' i ou. Sumbcr of Chapters 50 Jiam Campbell Dwight (asnell Percy Clapp Laurence Aurelius Bernard Forseth John Hilliard Walter Hoar Donald Dukelow James Kriedrich James Buttles Robert Clayton Winston Close DlTI(lxlll. MEMBERS IN FACULTY Charles Netz CLASS OF 1924 Carroll Patton Llewellyn Pfankuchen Edward Place Allan Sloss CLASS OF 1925 Edward Notestein Laurence Peterson Oliver Snider (ierhard Sonnesyn Donald MacLennan CLASS OF 1926 Earl Gray William Loye ♦Raymond Hentges Donald McLaughlin CLASS OF 1927 Eldon Mason PLEDGES Herbert Deacon Arnold Hilden Carroll Geddes Peter Iverson John Gillette Lester Johnson Xornian Magiie Fredrick Reiiihard John Craig Ingolf Friswold Theos Langlie Henry Leivestad Alex Miller Glen Johnson Webster Johnson Wilson Kerr Joseph Kratt Henry Stephenson Lewis Turner James Wood Bertram Stillwell Albert Stromwall Roi)ert Sullivan Lerov Wolff Mansfield Nelson Frederick Mueller, Jr. R. Perry Richardson Joyce Stalson Benjamin Weis rJ McLaiiyldin Dukelou- Page 6H Sehan Pfankuchen hricdrich Grail Snitier Kratt Stephenson Sloss Hentges Peterson Wood Sullivan Patton Lone 0. Johnson Forseth Mason Miller Sonnes! ii Hoar Laniilie Clapp MacLennan Kerr Caswell Turner ll ' olg Campbell Fnsunld Uitliard Leivestad .1 Founded. lUili Vnirtrsity of M itinesolti Alpha Chapler. lOid I lie 6th Sir., a. E. S umber of Chapters, I Eldon Boslan.l Dewev Johnson Howaril Uinkcl GR. DUATE MEMBERS C. C. Bosland CLASS OF 1924 Lief Larson Fluyil Lueben Cieorge Lindig Arthur Swanson CL.ASS OF 1925 Ewald Nepp Nobel Shadduck Charles Nicholson CLASS OF 1926 George Fitzgerald George Teeson Russell Normari George Vliet Clinton Howler Harvev Larson Earl inland Hall Jorris CLASS OF 1927 PLEDGES Rayrnonfi La Rue Alois Llv • Eilgar Wright Vernon Thompson Rov Wells Stanley Peterson m ' - llclh Uiiikil l.nuliti Ildaml Sichiilson Teeson L. Larson Fitzgerald C. Bosland Sorntan ' rpp l teanson Hotak E. Itosland lioirler I ' liet Peterson Shaddnrb Thompson U . Larson Luelien l ' ri ihl I ' age . ' ,t V I i ' .ri.i ' .t -. ' -»i. ' t-.i.i ' .t ' . ■ i.i ' ..-. ' .i ' 7 ' .A. ' . . ' i . 9 zz J Sp art. t ' u,i,nl.,l, 1S09 Illinois W ' t ' sleyaii M iiiiicsota Tlielii. I ' Jll 1115 Aih Str., S. E. Siimfifr of Chapters, 20 III R. J. Kozt ' lka Philip J. Filicii Victor ( ' . DiuiiliT Ravinon(i V. Ciross Kennetli H. Freeman Harold V. AliiKiuist Clarence V. Anderson Stanlcv J. Bakke MEMBERS IN FACULTY W. H. Stead GRADUATE MEMBERS W. C. Olson CLASS OF 1924 Artas Boettcher Artluir Sanzenhach H. K. Jacohson CLASS OF 1925 Clifford A. Hauge .Josepli Ilnsetli Herl)ert F. Hoese Donald Kelly Ted A. Leicher CLASS OF 1926 Oscar L. F edrickson ' ernon i. (iraliame PLEDGES William W Mowers H. Marcel (Jans Allan Hoxcll Elmer M. Lofstrom Robert L. Hrownell Kennetli M. Lust Donald (i. Clark Ronald S. Mclntvre V. B. Taylor Christian Zaun Rolf H. Moeller Melvin Ci. Quayle Lisle E. Lust Stanley Lirshall Charles J. Nichols Vi . Gerald Peterson lirotriu ' ll liiikk-e Pfterson Umfftft Boettcher Sanzeiibach Page 470 Marshall Fn ' t-man Moeller f,rn.s Freilrick:ton L. Lust Anderson Bowers Zaun Lofstrom Kelly AlmquisI Grahame Letcher Jacohson Blien tlark-e Gang Xichols Quayle Hauge m Founded, 1856 Norwich Unirersily Alpha Pi, 19BA 102 4th Str., S. F. yumhcr of Chapters, 39 C AW CA H. H. Dalaker H. Erirksoii Frank J. liabnick Abel R. Ellingson Herman F. Beseler Harold E. Hird J. Roy Mashek Walter D. Bowers Lester P. Falkenhagen Leslie R, Hellie Claire D. Allison MEMBERS IN FACULTY E. F. Parker ( ' •. O. Rosendahl Alfred Owre E. H. Tollet ' son CLASS OF 1924 Herbert W. P stroni William E. Kieline Conrad A. Hansen John J. Seanlan Milton L Hoist Carl G. SchjoU CLASS OF 1925 (Justave A. Xaslund Carl W. Slinbert Willard H. Nordenson Bernhardt O. Schwarz Horaee W. Nutting CLASS OF 1926 Russel S. (irant Leo L. Knuti Edward A. .laekson Ernest L. Meland Roy M. Johnson CLASS OF 1927 J. Dwight Keyes Ames W. Xashmd PLEDGES Roland R. Beggs Vernon E. McCoy Gilbert E. Erickson R. A. rivesta.l Dr. L S. Veblin C. Dale Snure Morton J. Wheeler Charles V. Shepherd Bryan E. Smith Chester K. Stone Rov L Xelson Flo ' rian L Pohl Edward G. Olsen :!! p- .S( ( ulnrf Sh, i,ht nl .Schj.iU -S i G. . as(nnd Jackson ulling Falkenhayen Hird Kcyes ydson Mashek Beseler Kslrcm Scanlan EUittgson llohl y.,„«« stone Ifhcrlcr ildand .-!. Xadund ordenson Itowers Umilh Sclitearz Halnilrk rage 471 Founded. 1847 Union College Tail Devferon Charge, 1892 1331 University Ave., S. E. -A -- ■_j ' TTiei £ t:A Niimher of Chapters, 30 James Davies R. C. Engberg Jolin A. Ballord Hugh Adams Don L. Bostwick James R. Barrett Paul H. Gooder Charles C. Bardnel MEMBERS IN FACULTY Evan F. Ferrin Harold A. Whittaker Guy Stanton Ford GRADUATE MEMBERS V. A. Gray I). .rial. I W. DeCarl CLASS OF 1924 James C. Colignon • Joseph . Dassett CLASS OF 1925 Robert E. Crosby Rieliard C. Gaskill Earle T. Dewey Franklin D. Gray CLASS OF 1926 Grant C. Hughes Willis M, Kimball H erbert L. Martin CLASS OF 1927 George Cammaek J Wilfred Fleming Jaek F. DeGroot PLEDGES J. Rohert MacLennon C. E. Hermann A. W. Smith Donald Creevy Harold C. Severinson Melviii R. Wright James B. Ringwood Clarke A. Templeton William E. Harvey OeCr,,,,! Kimlmll llii,ilii:s Cammaek Mac l.tiiiiini l rigid Ctoader Dttrfii Piiyc Ifl ' Z Martin Harvey Creepy Barrett Seeeriitsoft Adams Flemintf Ringwood Bardtrell Bontwick Gray Dassett Gaskill mil I - ' i ir i i ll Founded. ISH Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Psi Chapter. 1ff20 ol.O 10th Arc.. S. E. Sumber of Ckaptrrs. J7 9 jq: A. S. Cutler Henry E. Hartig R. Louis Bevaii Everard J. Bullis Warren E. Carlson Paul R. Hurt Arndt J. Uuvall Kranklin A. Austin Harold I . Beese Irvin M. Lagerquist Clifford H Anderson MEMBERS IN FACULTY R. R. Herrniaii Walter M. Xielsou Elmer W. .lolmson (ieo. C Priester J. V. Martenis K. B. Rowley CLASS OF 1924 J. Roseoe Furher Frank H. Jaeol)Son E. Reuben (Irant Hertiert W. Liese Alfred B. (ireene Manley H. Monsen CLASS OF 1925 Rulxii A. Jaeolison Carl R. Liese ' ' aipe J. Harlin Joseph E. Meagher W l.lovd Ken lriek (iar iii E. Peterson CLASS OF 1926 Bertram E. lionii Leslie D. Croswell Raymond A. Brown .lolin C. Durfee Russell S. Cheney CLASS OF 1927 PLEDGES i ' harlt ' s H. Remer Orra C. Wakeheld Crant C. Xierling I ' rof. W. T. Ryan I ' rof. S. C. Shipley IJoyd L. Peterson ( larenee W. Teal Arthur W. Tews Donald H. Huhnke ( " lement R. Tunell Glenn S. Meader Richard A. Scott John Wightman. Jr. Keniu-th R. Wells .. I ' rif li. JllCfiltson Tiindt llnnn ll ' iyhtmiiH Bcrftn Hurl l.mjcriiiiial liiillis Cfieiicy Aitttlin ( . .ir.vr Mmisri, JIcckc Mrmirr ( r„x,rrll Miayhrr Diteall Teal Greene Wakefield Huhnke G. Pelersou Durfee F. Jnrnhson Seolt Grant Carlson . Liese Furher Kiuifriek Page . ' ,7S Fnumled. 1847 .Vcir Vorl: Vtiirerf ' ity Alpha Beta, 1S9B SIS lOlh Ave.. S. E. Zsr a: Ps-f Sumber of Chapters, 3? Dr G. E. MfGear% J. Harold Baker Chester Barnes Martin K. Bovey John F. (Iroff Robert Ankenv Ralph Clark John P. Boilerick Jerome Aske MEMBERS IN FACULTY J. I. Parcel GRADUATE MEMBERS Sherman L. Anderson Donglas V. Hunt CLASS OF 1924 Charle: L. Benesh Carleton E. Neville Merlin E. Carlock Ronald (i. Riggs Albert A. Hinman CLASS OF 1925 Lester E. Herberger Allan (i Oihll George B. Murdoch (iiorfie B. Perkins Gerald H. Xewhouse Charles E. Prichard CLASS OF 1926 G Ere 1 Harvey Leahy Stanlev Lenont CLASS OF 1921 Henry P liasen William H. Mason P ' ranklin MeWhorter Samuel S. Smith FLEDGES Ralph S Hawkinson Jordan A. Penney John W. Hendrev, Jr J. C. Sanderson Richarilson Rome Edgar P. Wedum James H. Rasmussen Jerry Sevey Donald Sehroeder John ' an Camp Robert NL Spencer Paul R. Smith 1 Perkins Pay,- 474 Serey Bovey Barnes Seirhoiise Odetl Leahy Carlock Gro_ff Riggs A nderson 11 tint Clark Sehroeder Van Camp Ankeny Freeman Rasmussen Benesh Baker Serille 11 in man r| ' A .v.r. ' i " .v.i.M.g;gr ll ' cinslen Jules E. Ebin Summcrfcld Satkansun Meyers Sckiffer Flier man Katzof PHI EPSILON PI CLASS OF 1924 Richard R. Goodman Allyn M, Schirt ' er CLASS OF 1925 Irving R. Xathanson A. M. Kiterman M. H. Katzotf (irrri;iri L. Mc ( CLASS OF 1926 Leonard Summerficld CLASS OF 1927 PLEDGES Allen Lrwin Foinided, 1001 College of the City of New York Ehin Saniiie M. Weinsten Alpha Delia, 19,?S Number of Chaplem, 29 Page 47 o PROFESSIONAL INTER-FRATERNITY COUNCIL f ()1-F1( KU H. Rice . E. Olson . ( ' . Leonard J. Orth S. Zelner W. R. Smith REPRESEM Horace A. Hymer Spencer A. Mann Lester W. Sontag Edwin E. Olson (Jeiirge X. Pabst Cyril C. Leonard Herbert H. Piere Joseph S. Mayer Carl H. Rice iL GNVS Westby EjVIND P. Fenger Alvin .1. Orth AlSTIN L. CiKIMES Edward M. Hoyden (Jeori-.e E. Pigott Barnard C. Hltchinson Gust A. Bodin Ted IL Waldor Walter T. Damberg . TIVE President V. President Secretary Treasurer FdcuUji Adrisor Fuctiltij Adrisor Al pha (lii Sigma Alpha (ill III ma Rho Alpha Kiipjia Kappa . Alpha Hho Chi Alpha Zeta . Delia Theta Phi Delta Sigma Delta Kappa Eta Kappa Nil Sigma Sii Phi Beta Pi Phi Chi Phi Delia Chi Phi Delia Phi Phi Rho Sigma Psi Omega Sigma Rho Thela Tan Triangle . Xi Psi Phi Piere Pi. I. ,11 II illkrnnx Fe„,J,-r iVfsthy Ihllrit Miuni Sont i«i Bodin DunibtTii 1. ,„u,„l Zclurr Ricf Olsou Min f. Page Jf76 Founded. 190£ Unirersilt of li ' isconsin Minnemla Beta. IDOS Ol.i E. Oak Sir. . innhrr of Cliiiiilers. J(i c lplA l i S m K ' l ' fi ' iiralt A. C. Hfikel R. E. Brewer L. H. Coult S. F. Darliiif; GRADUATE MEMBERS L •). Krk I,. W, |I:,,.tk.l|.-irr I). E. Kilfjar J. H,„|,.|| R. M. Ellostad L. C. Iliiiiiphnv I- ' - (iray p. M. I ' ai.lson ' H. (). Halvorson R. L. Hinlaiiiaclicr i. E. Snrciisoii 1.. E Stun.- A. E. Sloppi-I .1. E. Tvndall lll l L. B. Baltiiff N. Bckki-dahl H. A. Bunker 11. K. Dunn K. Kol)f M A. Dahlnn A. (). Kiiliriiiaii H. V. Glenn H. R. Hvmer J. II. IIoHinari L. L. Johnson R. R. Harvey D. H. Hartwi CLASS OF 1924 E. E. J.-wett C. L. Jolin.ston R. W. Krantz C. J. Mayi. CLASS OF 1925 J. MeKee L. H. Shirk CLASS OF 1926 PLEDGES J. L. ' J ' rdii.son K. E. I ' anI F. ( ' . Silliernafifl A. (i. Ziina W. A. V ie ' enng M. Ro er.s Hileii llmlrll Cnin Biniiier llojTiiuiii Kr„„l: lull, man llnrhrell Silhrn.wirl llarrrii l),ililaii llekkeilM 11, " " (i)iilt Johitmii Mtiyo lili-iiii Kill,,- ni rrn I ' iererimi Shirk .Icrcll ItnlliiJT r,.i,,- . ' ,77 ' ' ' Fauiul,;L l. ' f04 i ' jiircrfiHii of Illiiioi! Lambda Chapter, 1917 IJfSo Cleveland Ave, St. Pmd (Zi rj l 4 9 S umber of Chapters, 3d Prof. AV. H. Alilernmn Dr. J. D. lila.k Dr. W. L. Bov.l Prof. A. M. Field Almo Abell Ben Brown Frank Douglass Lawrence Gove Edwin Brinknian Anthony Catanzaro Reuben Fischer Kenneth Boss Clements Hanson Morrill Campion Stephen Easter Torfin . am Hlt Paul (!iildint;s MEMBERS IN FACULTY Dr. C. P. Fitch E. C. Johnson E. W. (laumnitz Dr. H. C. H. Kernkani]) A. L. Harvcv Prof W. P. Kirkwood B. A. Holt I ' rol W H. Peters GRADUATE MEMBERS Forrest Davison (lilliert Larson Edward Mcllhennv CLASS OF 1924 F lmore Lange Spencer Mann Norman Mears CLASS OF 1925 J. Wesley Nelson Ernest Newman Theodore Oleson CLASS OF 1926 Eugene Meade Stephen Remington CLASS OF 1921 Hugh Firmage Maurice Kelso Bertram Hendrickson Dalton Long Hugo Mortenson PLEDGES FVank Janzen Martin Larson .I,.hn O ' Malley ' onrad Hamniar . lvin Hoherg Lee Hill Kenneth Hughes James Hume Honrv Morrison W. E. Petersen Dr. H. B. Price Dr. A. V. Storm L. ' . Wilson Ernst Wiecking Paul Peterson Russell Seath David Purdy Willis Tompkins William Wehrend Ben Zakariasen Harvey McDougal Milton Ryberg William Olson Carl Rolen Homer Oleson John Wheelock a;»« ' « " l il?vi Vft v« t J I %% V, ,,jl.. J on Poyc 1,1 S Hughes Catanzaro Mann flume Long Mctnic ilcDoiinal Purilii fiialli H„ss DnuijUi.-is lianfion ak-aritisen Haminar Xelson Tompk-in. Firmoiie finurn Xewman Pt-lerson Fischer Hill I.anijc Oleson Gore :- ;;; ( -J Founded. ISS ' J Dartmouth Collefff Miujicsola I ' si. ISaS oO ' J East River Road . iimber of Chaptrnt. -J.5 {Mr,l,r„lj John C ( " ulli an Lillian Culver Erwin Exlev Jolin Craven Lester Erickson Victor Funk H,,lj,Tt Hray I ' liili]) Delavan Ar iin Aliralianis Duncan Dale GRADUATE MEMBERS Leo ' iillif;aii Uiissell dates CLASS OF 1924 Harrison Fehland Thomas Moe Roland X lit ting CLASS OF 1925 James Hiltmi (lustave MiicUiT Elmer Lilleh -i Randall O ' Ronrke John Madden Erling Ostergard CLASS OF 1926 Edward Jarksiin John Regan (leorge Malmgren William Schroeder Harold Oohsner Cvrus Hansen John Keves CLASS OF 1927 Eugene Kasper Ames Nashlund PLEDGES Herman Moersen Warner Paul Chester Regan Mark Wall Clarence Wtdilrahe Edwin Wohlralie Lester Sontag Charles ' atkins Harold Palmer John Williams ' -: Willi Hand C. Il ' nlilrul,, M „. J„rl.«„„ I ' tilau, •;. n ' lihlrahe (hiersiliard llillo,, Kasper l.illrhri Miidh-r llannni Fiiiil; Erickson Mudihu ,,luiid IfRoiirk, Miralianu Regan Malnhirrii Driarni, Sclirnrdrr S„iila.i Ilrap (lelisiitr J: Paije 479 ;llAh t Q: Founded. 1914 Illinois and Mickiyan Mneniclcs Chapter, 1916 1529 University Ave., S. E, Numher of Chaplers, S m ,Anl,,l,i „,„l) L. E. Anial E. F. ( ' . Bai-kstriiiii Charles R. Bariium Elton K. Crowell (ieorge Freeberg Hugh ( ' . Eaton William H. Edwards Kenneth Backstrom Robert (lillrtte MEMBERS I FACULTY S. ( ' . Biiitcn Dr. W. F. Holman CLASS OF 1924 Wallare ( ' . Bonsall Anton Johnson •J. Ehvood Isted Paul E. Nystrom Edwin E. Olson CLASS OF 1925 Herman M. Frenzel Alvin Jansma Aubrey H. Grisson Walter A. Kendall CLASS OF 1926 Martin E. Ekstrand W. Dewey Gerlach A. Claude Flegal Folke ( ' . Johanson CLASS OF 1927 Harold L. Dower Herbert Jennings Frank Lindgren PLEDGES F. M. Ma Frank R. Root Arthur H. Ruddy Everett L. Peterson Alwin E. Rigg Erhard J. Kropp Oilman C. Holien ernon E. Peterson Milo Richardson Page J,SO m « fouuiicd. ASV t ' nirrrfitii of Mirhiitnii Thrill I liiiiilrr. IStlJ, ■iJ. ' , lOlh An:. N. E. iimhfr of Chapters. 20 X t ' S0fa P £i. ;i U. W. Acklcv R. H. Hak.r E, J. Babni. k E. .1. Chalk V. E. Chase K. i Hradshaw K. Collins . A. Johnson C. H. Brown H. B. Hughes R. F. Krause R. F. Johnson H. C. Peterson 1) H. Colhv V. C. Carlson L. J. Ensijin J. E. Foster T. J. (lagnon L. L. Hufnian C. V. Hultgren H. P Leahv M. E Liisk H. P. Miller T. V. Nelson H. C. Carrel H. B. Reeves M. R. Wright W. V. MeCilvra K. A. Tregillis CLASS OF 1924 1) W James C. H. Kline F. J. Miska B. A. Mc.eller H. L. Pond CL.455 OF 1925 M L Lowe 1). W. MeCormaek U C. Miller CLASS OF 1926 A. Martinson 1). 11. Talbot H M Wenner CL.ASS OF 1927 PLEDGES (i. A. Denhani L. E. Shafer H. A. Tinker C. T. Grove V. F. Poulson H. H. Piere H. 1). Phillips L. C. Tnrner II. V. Westernian F. ( ' . Naegeli V. C. Taylor F. 1,. Wi-nt worth C. Peterka W. E. Barsness M. T. Trager E F. Jones F. G Niehols fYrrfiirr f Ih ll: M,l . Carlson , I, .trkliu II iiiluurth Jiihiisuii (. .Miller Jiim . uriieli Hrmhhaxr Oagnon liahnick- li. P. Miller lliillhrs Collins Foster Tai lnr Ktis Poulson li ' rslerman ( liiilk llililnl .h I „ l. l„,ln,,„„ l.mee Urnirii Tulllnl Piere Pond linker Colhij l.eahu Philliiis .Miska Mueller Page . ' SI t ' .lA. .lii ' litiU ■ - u Fuumled. 1900 Cletetand Law School Mill-lull Scnale. WO4 ion lllh Sir.. S. E. Delta Theta Phi iLair) S umber of C ha piers, oS C. G. Aaberg Sidney Benson Robert Barry Helmer Fraiikson Harry Abbott Russel Barsness Neal linliolz Theoflore Pfeiffer CLASS OF 1924 J. Neal IIoH ' nian Thomas Xaylor John Nelson CLASS OF 1925 Cyrus Frederiekson William Kelly Charles Howard CLASS OF 1926 Ashley Hill Cyril Leonard Earl Kobe Irwin Magee Clarenee Humble Carrett O ' Connor Robert Kingsley CLASS OF 1927 Howard Sargent C. A. Sa er Klcber Will Clarenee Kleffman Vernon X. Mill,-r J, A. Ronning Lawrenee Rulien B. V. Sh,-rwood Harrv Sletton S, tson Ltoiulrt Ilobe Miller Benson I ' f, .Ahlmll Howard Slieri Jl Bars ties San fn d N liuliolz t _ Sletton Kleffman K,ih, (l . Humble Frederick mm Xaylor Sai inor liulun Frankson Aaberg yer Barry Mage Kinnsi " .V Hill Page 482 f i Founded. 103S I ' niversity of Iowa Udii Chaplrr. l!Ui 1807 4lh Sir., .S. E. Xitmher of Chapters. - iEni ini ' ering) t2. Fayette C. Anderson Mathew A. Anderson Leonard O. Arstad R. E. Bnrlingame HoluTt A. Beveridge V. Jack Carman MEMBERS IN FACULTY .Jnliii II. Kulilni;in Kdwiii I{. Martin CLASS OF 1924 Oscar H. Borchcrt Leonard NL Frazee Hovt R. ( " ass Hildiiif; ( . Manpnev Harold W. Dahl Harold ' . Mar.roft ' Joscpli S. Mayer CLASS OF 1925 (layUird F. (lilman Holjert . Ludluni Raymond H. Holmes CLASS OF 1926 (). Storer Keay Herbert W. Lostrom Paid B. Nelson PLEDGES Howard S. Herrmann (ieo. J. Shavor Ingwald T. Monseth Theodore F. Sehilling ArnoUl A. Waligoski Harrv H. Schneeklothe Hans A. Xorberg Phillip B. Orme I f f f f r f I f ! Keay Cass Jiorvhrrt t . A iiiti r.iiiii l.iKlliiTu .1 r.itaii li urliriijinnr Srliillitnj Gil man Af. Anderson Herrmann .Yr jfOJi yorbfrt} Orme l ' arren Itereridifr U ' aliynski Lostrom Marrrnfl Srhnrrk-hthr Ilotmt ' s Carman Muycr ' Manij ' ncy Kuhlmnn Dnhl Mon.irlh Frazee Martin Page 83 Foiiiided. ms [iiircrsity of Michiijtiii y.p. ' iloii (ha pier. IS9I i . ' l I ' nion Sir., S. E. . nml)tT i f VhnptCTS, .iJ, iletlintl) Mark .1 Aiiiirr dii Dmial.l W .Ir Callr CLASS OF 1924 .1 W.M.Irll Cllllikson .1. Theccluic Mills V:.ll.-i R .Inlinson N. Harvi-y Xt-lscm DiiiKil.i (;. Tiill.-fM ri Rolicrt L, WildiT Charles li. HonilirrgiT David ( ' . I)il more Charlfs S. Uoiialdson CLASS OF 1925 Mario M. Fisclu-r Sliattuck V. Ilartwi-ll M Kobrrt (o-llM-r Frank J. He.-k William K. Harttit-I Alaiio ¥.. Pierce ielor S. ( iali- Harold F. Wahlciuisl Monte ( ' . ickham ' eoil|J. Watson V. (ovell liayley Donald ( ' ri ' ev CLASS OF 1926 .Ia t ' - Davis Kverett ( ' . Hanson .lo ' seph W Dassett Douglas P. Head Robert E. MeDonald Carl H. Ki.e RagnvaM S. ' Ivisaker H. H. Ca.n.ll Robert W. Cransic CL.ASS OF 1921 ■j ' liomas P. Findlex C. F ngene Seliiiel .lolm n. (iemmeir Harold L. Sippv llarrv Manli Floy.l A, SteltiT William B. Stryker Sidnev J. Watson Sehurt- W flUlquiM I,, mm, I I r.inslui, hn,,ll,,i ■ ' l ' l " l Shiirr Hanson Carroll Heck Creeri H: Dilmare Head Davin U ' al. on liomhertjer Wiekham Tollefxnn GnUikvnii orth ' l MonI, SlniL, ' Hon, ■rll h:selur Celhrr na.-t.feH llayleii Wilder Quale John so l ' „!„- JfiJ, m I :.• b ' ' founded, 1893 I ' nirersily of Bii o u Siama Vhapler. I!J£3 (lO.i lUver Road Siimturr of Chapters. 7 Oj tf it l AfAr ' P ' jQr { itediml I H irry H ( uokc Daniel E. Alfeldl Leonard K. Buzzclli- Kilward C. Maedor Hirh.ird J. (ir:ilf CLASS OF 1924 (Hiv.T J. M..r.dii-a,l CLASS OF 1925 De«ey E. Morrlii-ad CLASS OF 1926 harU-s F. Cervenka rharlcs K. IVtt.-r . Wi-lls Stewart tieorge F. Keller CLASS OF 1927 Olto V RinKle Kenneth J. St, C Geiirge K. HifjKin.s Everett H. Lind.s(ri ni PLEDGES Xurnian E. Unil Walter II Idi- " ornelius A. Salfert I ' anI A. Wilken- l.iii-r Zelii Fred I,. V,-I)ber Ksams ' iBE. ri - " « ' ' e f f 1 «• „ „ ' ■ ' " M,„,l,r Ilu2:clle I ' de I ' nir •J " .III, 1,11 Killrr ' " .., , ' ■■■ " ■ ' • " ' ■ " ■•«(. f ' ; r I). M„rchead ' ■• ' " " " (). Morelirtid Sulfirl Cooke Page 48S ' PAj : h- -7 Founici. ISOl Viiiicrsily of Pillsbiirgli Xi Chiipler. IHOA 329 Union Sir., f. E. Xumbrr of Clin piers, S9 Karl Aiuifrsun Oscar Bt ' rgman Eugene Christensen Aslak Boe Neil Dungay Abel Ellingson Edward Kmerson Bernaril Allen Harold Anderson Richard Bailey Clarence Bloomberg Harold Brown Lyman Brown Milton Brown Reuben KrieUsoil CLASS Royal (iray Theodore Grosehupf Peter Hermanson Rav Johnson OF 1924 James McGranahan Herliert Meyer Thomas Noble Edward Peterson Leo Fink Richard Giere Hoff Good Frederick Grose Arild Hansen Bernard Branley Joseph Giere AVilliam lleiam Robert Evans Carl Geidel Gerald Giiilbert Mvrnm Husliand CLASS OF 1925 John Hawkinson Emmett Heiberg Floyd OHara Reuben Palmer CLASS OF 1926 Walter Huseby Clarence Jacobson Nathaniel Lnfkin Lewis Nolan CLASS OF 1927 linfus Johnston J. A. Malerich Irwin Norman Carl Peterson Carl Stomberg (ieorge Tangen Nelson Young Willard Pierce Carl O. Rice Emmett Schield Everett Youngren Raymond Page Ha ' robl SUelton Magnus Westby Wilbert Yaeger Harold Satterlee Orin Thorson Cassius Van Slyke Victor Vaughan Tlinrsnn Einiix t.nrkxon Heiberg U. IV. Broren Hailcfj Johnston Yncqer .V.iWc . Anderson llansrn Wcslhii Brtinlcif (I ' llara R. Giere Pou Selueld a rose ilnirkinson l lerson line Alhn I ' ouyliun Jaealjson llnsbainl Emerson Youngren Sketton Bloomberg fan filyke Ellingson ' Meyer Heiam J. L. Brown Boe Pierce Huseby Lnfkin Tangen Page J,Sl! Founded, 1SS9 Vnirersity of Vermont Kappa Chi, 1920 e03 Delaxcare Sir., S. E. y umber of Chapters, 64 (Medical) Herbert Carlson CIvde Fredricksoii Silas Anderson Raymond Bieter Andrew Goblirsch Clifford Alexander Leslie Anderson Fritjof Arestadt Leon Alger Oscar Fella nd Harold Flanagan Harold Gustafson Murray Bates Richard Beiswanger Paul Bjelland GR William Heck Fritz Hurd Ivan Johnson William (iriffeth Marshall Howard Milton Berg Lawrence ( " arlson John Dordahl Ejvind Fenger Harry Hillstroni Bjarne Houkom Arthur Johnson Valentine Holmer Henry Hutchinson Leo Burns DUATE MEMBERS Al.l.olt Mitchc ' ll Oliver Nelson Gardner Reynolds CLASS OF 1924 Alvah Jensen Ivan S. Johnson Herman Just CLASS OF 1925 Frank (iratzek Joseph Hathaway Hohart Johnson CLASS OF 1926 Albert Knmpf Milo Loucks Krnest Meland Earl McJilton CLASS OF 1927 Theodore Hyde Herbert Johnson PLEDGES MihoTI Seifert ClarencT Slrunk Elmer Whitcomb Leonard Larson Angus McKinnon Henry Roust Karl Lundeberg Jose|)h Stundebeek Sheldon Stnurmans Edmond Nelson Gerard Paradis Gordon Strate Harrison Wilson John Nelson Palmer Wigby I,i " !ie arncr l(nii,l l)„nlnhl fUr.j lluuk,, ,,„,„„,, I.,, J ,. , ; :•■ • " " ' , l.tiri ' iii itelaiid Andrrsnn Arestadt ,, ... " " " " ' ' ' ,,. ,Felland Cratzrk ,Icn.icn Johnson l illstron Mchmnon (.ohiirseh humpf ile.lillon ,1 ust llcllnura,, laradts Huniojan Fcmicr Carlson Stundcherl; l.nmhinr,, ' Tulllc . elson Hilson Strate Stnnrmans Criffith Meie Wilson .ilexander Page 487 iEfccnz! Fmuidcd, ISiK) Sorthireittern I ' nhrrxit! Thrta Tail. lOiJo, !2fi ll ' a ikirigton Ate.. S. E. (Medical) X umber of (, ' fittpli ' rx, SO Dr. K. (1. Bii R. M. Amlersoii Ht ' iirN " Edstrom Daviil W. Francis Edward M. Ha din Rudolph K. Hnltkra James (J. Gillespie Peter J. Hiniker, Jr. Russell H. Brown ( " leorfje K. Engstroni Senerin H. Koup GRADUATE MEMBERS Ur. R. K. DiNon I)r A (i Flankers Ur. L i. (iowan CLASS OF 1924 Russel H. Frost John M. Hargreaves Arthur W. Greenfield Harold W. Kohl Frederick V. Kumm CLASS OF 1925 W ' m. R. R. Loney Raf;nar T. Soderlind Hamline A. Mattson Harry M. Weber James . llan Ma ' CLASS OF 1926 F.lmiT N. Hunter (iorden ( ' •. Nelson Mellvin K. I.enander Lester W. Xetz Walter F. Hein Ray K. Leuiley Herman F Koi CLASS OF 1927 Wallace R. Phelp: Saul F. Seeley PLEDGES Dr. K. (). Schmidt C. Wilbur Rueker Jerome ¥,. Seanlon Melvin Vik W. 1 " . Wenner Robert F. Werner Rohind (. Sch.-rer Harcilil II. Wmdersluis (iilbert M. Stevenson John Donald Welch r|.-,vi,,„ Hnjncr I, . Ihui l,,, lliMiir Sriirrrr Srelni liril ' iliihl iliitfxnn l.nnni . l: I iin,lcrslt,i.i Man Sraalaa II mil, r IVrlrli l.cmky Wrnnrr II argreaTes 1 ' lirlp.i Fraariy F.ihlrnm Cilhupir Shviiisiiii Ensl-ilram lirnwii Xrlnnii Kohl H (fr Kaniia l.tanatlcr llulfhrans Sircn.yoil Itucht-r VnlJC ' fSS Foutided, 1S9£ Baltimore College of Dental Sunjery Zeta Kappa, lUlS 915 Gth Str., S. E. Xiiinlier of Chapters, 50 5?iy- Ofu , H. H. Aastr K. v.. Brown L. A. Degen H. V. Denison U. E. Atkinson (War lijiirnilalil V. K. Dunphv I. L. AasiT L. M. AmltTson C. P. Allison F. Y. Bad.n Hiissel Burns ( " . L. C ' olvin C. H. Ellison V. E. Kroi ' nian P. C. Hartig (i. F. Lindig E. J. Kair.-l! Roy Lindgnii A. L. Johnson Oscar Johnson J. V. Barsch Henrv Bjorndalil I. G. " Conn.-llv L. E. Erh R. C. B,-ntz,-n (■ C. Kr.-d. ' ll W (lillliau] CLASS OF 1924 E. A. Onstail A H. P t.Tson ].. M P.if.r (i, E. Pigotl CLASS OF 1925 Vance Met calf V. E. Nelson E. V. MacLanghlin R V Pederscn CLASS OF 1926 i " larence Eredricson V. M. Hanson A. A. Kasper R. J. Kerich PLEDGES larence (irapp M. 1). McCnrdv (). r. Roesler Carl Rose C. N Rudlnn R. E. Selniltz E. ( ' . Stafne ' I,. Stoyke . ( ' . Roliinson J A. Ryan !■ ' A. Sandlierg X. J. Kittleson ( " . V. Skogsltcrgh (i. E. Snoegenbos ( ' . E. Sweet Roy Sherman (;. P. Smith . D. Smith T ' : ■- kq r. Ki-ricli liar.srh I.indiii Fnilricsitti Stn-i-l in. lail Sclnilt:: Sntitflnru SkoijuhfTQli Frfrmttii .V(7.«o» Jofni.inii MacLaiiijIllin Diiiiphf Pflrrittin Veiji-r Di-iltti KuHprr Melcalf 1. Aasfr Ffirn-lt Itoltiimoti Allyintton Ryan CtniiieUit A.Johnson 11. lijoriiddlil lUulen Anttvrnon Killlf.foii l.indgrvn O. Itjortiilalit lliiiilum fiiioll U. Aaaer Slafne llrniin ' r. ,, DenUan Xlai kc Page 489 FuuiidctI, 1S94 MicliiiKin Collrne oj Mines Beta Chapter. 1010 J,IS Walniil Sir., S. E. Siimber of Chapters, 3 R W. Allanl A. J. Carlson H. R. Kamb L. M. Case F. J. Curran H. R. Kamb M M. Barker J. R. Bloom O. O. Aanes (Mining) MEMBERS IN FACULTY IVtcr Christianson K. II. Kcrstcii R. L. DowcWl E. M. Lambi-rt GRADUATE MEMBERS W. S. Olson CLASS OF 1924 B. C. Hutchinson C. J. Mot- C. O. Lee V. S. Olson C. H. Ritz E. K. Bodal E. A. Anundsen H. L. Brace M. L. Broman F. M. Murphy J. H. Nelimark CLASS OF 1925 C. F. Scheid CLASS OF 1926 F. B. Dahle H. K. Martin CLASS OF 1927 M. .J. Finburg H. E. Sylvester PLEDGES A. H. MarN G. M. Schwartz E. H. Tollefson C. H. Ritz S. G. Olson J. L. Stewart H. P. Sherman E. V. Nelson R. J. Studer R. M. Touslev j " TPi m im Oil ' 0 K k iH H H-.: ' f BV-je JajRHI H I Ei ; ' . :iJB Jl i - ■Ta li St in ,r liilz lioilal Kami, Nelimark Nelson ir tl(s..n Sl lees er Aanes Barker Dahle Scheiit Sherman Curran iUof Case Hulehinsan .S, Olson Stewart Lee Page 490 Founded, imn Vuirersity of Minnciata .llphn ( liiipfer. 1004 1330 Till Sir.. .S ' . K. . iimber of Chapters. 17 E. n. (omstock Dr. W. H. Emmons Gust A. Bixliii Donald G. Brunuer Elmer A. Jones John A. Banovt ' tz Alva J. Haley Thomas F. Andrews Robert H. Kranzfelder Paul J. Deringer I ' hilip F. Hartmann lEitglntcriii! ! MEMBERS IN F. ' CULTY A. M. Gow J. (). .j,„u-s M. W. Hewitt W. C. Lawson Dr. W. F. Holmat. CLASS OF 1924 N. Dudley Kean J, ,1,11 H. Moore Clarence J. Knutson Finer Nelson Irving H. Marshman Charles G. Simms CLASS OF 1925 Willard G. Hartman Raymond W. K.lUr Edward H. Hennen Arthur J. Kroll Arthur C. Jacobson Bernard J. Larpenteur CLASS OF 1926 Willis J . McLean Maurice Munger George . Mork Edward H. Fnk Win C. Hil-,Mli,k PLEDGES I oriii V. Xeubaucr Husscli S. Pool W. II. Parker O. .S. Zelner Charles T. Skarolid Stuart " . Willson Walter F. Wilson MerkUy R. L,-wis Albert W. Morse Russell L. Sorenson Seth N. Witts Farl B. Spokely Everett B. Stevens iiLli !INi Z ' I ' -1 i ' W. Krllrr Simms Jacoh.- on Krull . l.nrpntlfur Li-tvi. " ' ' ■ " Aiiilnir.1 K ' lVNr.H Sorcnson Xiuhaucr Mi r.ti- (ioii- Kiint.toii li ' ilmn Zelner Bitmu.: ,, liodin M iin ' jir He II n f n K ra ti zfeide r Moore Haley Itniiincr Paffc 4.91 I, Litintucnun I A h ' luiiulcd. 1907 Sliniicsnla Vhapler. 19S3 I ' nirersily of lUiinii Ism? ilh Str.. S. E. S,n„ her iif llinplrrs. !) . E. Hidoke K. T liiTK(|nist r H A. Harriii tnii R. E. G. E. Hackstrdiii C. CoU- M. ( ' oriu ' ll MEMBERS IN FACULTY (). M. L.-Iaiicl V. V, Springer GRADUATE MEMBERS (), V. Ili-iclclhorgfr, E. E. C I-. S.iiiii).s()ii. E, E. CLASS OF 1924 V. H. Kapplr A. T. Miller E. C. Kiesiier W J. Miller L. K. McLelanH II. ' . Olien ). ( ' . I ' .rson E. r. ChiM D. Cameri E. Erskiiie Smith Egglestiiii ( ' . A. Forni ' oist N. T- Ilaakensr A. Hanson L. E. Hoisveen CLASS OF 1925 M. W. Hart I • E. H. Larson E. Nelson CLASS OF 1926 W. I. Haiiscn PLEDGES Stuart Kreger A. E. La Bonte II H Wil.ox K. R. Ross C. C. Rousseau L. A. Tvedt .1. A. Tyvand H H. Reed r. E. Hiel.ardson . T. Waldor N. 15. Ronning V. H. Oksou S. A. Parsons Tredt lloisi ' n ' Ti Cameron SfLson Krcgcr Olson SIn ' otfr LaBonic Gould Iliiaketisen Tyvand Grohd Egglcston Olicn Harringlon II . Hanson Sampson Ilcidelhcrycr Backslrom Kicsuer Cornell A. Hansen Ross P. BeryqnisI Honnimi lirskine FornfeisI Parsons E. Ilergquisf Reed A. Miller MeLeland Larson Person Rielinrdso SJirinaer Leland Rousseau llarl Kiipplr IP. Miller Cole lll roj ISrooke I ' aijc . ' ill-! , " FoumUil. ISS. ' I I ' nircrsity oj Mieliigan I ' lii Chaplcr. 190r, U3(! nlh Str.. .S. E. Siimltcr 0 CliajiliTS, .ij ja- ' j ii. i H. A. (Jarmirs H. Hool t ' . Jentoft .1. N. Hong W. T. Daml«TK I). I). Hawlev V. J. Hawkins F. A. Heibcrg , II .lolmson I. (t .l.ilinsDn W. Kl.lin.- 1. T. Kvak- { ' . J. Lvnoli H. E. Slahonc J. ( ' . Mauris L. AlU-nddrf F. Bovlan C. A. Bergstraiiil K. C. Costlev K. M. Dittes I,. I, Erickson J. E. Erdinann (). r. Qiiadv M, A. Miil.lU ' loii A. W. (Mihliisili ( . E. .1. L. Hcrron U. .loluiston CLASS OF 1924 II. C. I,aUissoliiiT ' U. Lrnihkr E I) Olson CLASS OF 1925 v. .]. O ' LauKlilin (;. H Olson II. U Ru.-tlrll W. T. Stearns H. O. Storbcrg CLASS OF 1926 .lack Oja E. OInii-n E. Scrum PLEDGES n. II. Moflltr V. A. Morgan L. L. Peterson II. G. Peterson l{. E. Thvkcsoii l{. E. Wild V. Zarkman . O. Teiuier L. (;. Weltv K. L. Wenin-rg H. V. Woodward II. (;. Wornian K. J. G. Tondiav( H. J. Zahalka L. E. Spear V. W. Schaefrr E. E. rivestad .1. R. Van Slvke ■ u 1 W Xiiliiilkii Wimilnard O ' Laiinhlin Tomhime Worman OLiiiii C. Ijiiailu Ttiiiler Jimlofl Erdmann llawhy Slnrlirrn I.iiuch lliirl n-;id liucllcU I.cmhkc Ilvilirr,! Krah M i,l,ll,l,iii .lllrn.larl l)um icr:l A.Jiilui nn I.. Ohnii l..l:i,rmrrx SI nlimun Wellu (II mm Hf}i ltiit Hitwk-in. Maiiri.t Siritrit l,an:s (Ija H„„il ll ' fiiltrrn I ' uge 493 Reerl Dowd Emerson (_ ' ii iii iiii i-jfi Muhoney Herberg Zeidler Conielison Blalcey Blakely Heins Coljix Strudu ' ick Sichnlsnti LundquisI Anderson Woolcvrr Tht ' il mann Lillegard Mittelstadt Barfholdi MudijeU lienesh Kaerckcr Melliur Hotium Carver Paulson Mielkf lyford I ' eHon Wieckin.j Arnv EdUr Baker Harold ALPHA KAPPA PSI (Commerce) Geo. W. Dowrie Dr. Rov G. Blakev MEMBERS IN FACULTY Joseph E. Cummings Dr. E. . . Heiliiuiu Dr. .1. F. Ebersole Dr. F. B. Garver Dr. Bruce D. Muilgi ' tt Jav L. O ' Hara Dr. J. ,1. Reighard Dr. J. Warren Stehman CLASS OF 1924 J. Harold Baker Chas. L. L. B. Colfix R. W. Cornelison Edmund T. Dowd Carl T. Edler Leonard M. Kaercher Geo. D. Emerson Donald D. Lyford Glen M. Harold James M. Mahonev Elmer C. Herberg Paul V. Mielke Preston D. Higgins Homer C. Mittlestadt CLASS OF 1925 Theodore W. Pelton Asher A. White Hermann R. Wiecking R. C. Woolever Howard V. Zeidler Harrv A. Arne Rav E. R. G. Bracher Stanley M. Heins ( ' . M. Nicholson N. B. Lillegard J. V Paulson H. G. Lundquist Will C. Reed E. H. Mettner PLEDGES Ralph . . Rotncm James Strudwick Walt er C. Thcilmann Howard V. Blakely Robert M. Chapman Wallii- .1. Higbe B. O. Schnarz Founded, 1905 • Alpha Ela, 1923 New York Unh-ersih Xumlicr of Chapters, 30 Page 494 m m Fc(lt IVehberg HuUovk FiukfLsttiu Greene Milaretz li ' aishrcn Zipper man L. Cohen Friedman -J ALPHA OMEGA [Dentnlj MEMBERS IN FACULTY Dr. Irwin Epstein Dr. Daniel E. Ziskin Benjamin Cohen CLASS OF 1924 Robert Feder Abe Hallock Gabriel Roberts Martin Waisbren Sam Weisberg Harrv (_ ' larun CLASS OF 1925 Mauriee Greene Samuel Stearns Nallian Zipperinan CLASS OF 1926 David Finkelstein Isadore Friedman Dave Hrodkv CLASS OF 1927 Irvin Hrussells Leo Cohen George Milavetz Fouiiitvil. 1907 V iiinTsiiij of Hiiffiilo M innt sola HfuK 1923 . innht r of Chapters, 17 Page m (Inslad arl.i„ii Mclwis Majnt Colhii I)„,„i,l,,i Klun- CABLETOW (Denliil Maxotiic) W. Chase D. Cdlliv ( ' .. Klim- L. W. Lidns CLASS OF 1914 F. Miska E. A. Onstad E. C. Stafne L. C. Turner C. J. Xicliols CLASS OF 1925 C. P. Allison H. Carlson CLASS OF 1926 W. E. Dumphy V. C. Holoner H. H. Hughes Fninidcd. HI Hi Kdti. ds City Denial CoUctfe Minnesota Beta umber of Chapters, Page . ' ,!)6 liF ' i m ■ " ' " " „ -! .• , .,« , ' ,v.,- S,„,lh Tr„l, Wul Thuk,,,,,, Iclcrxoii .hiluiaiiii Sims Milirr Scaiilan Sleirciis f ' lone Itipleij II Inlin-i Boeltchcr Pallun AumoJl Krtieij ' - DELTA SIGMA PI (Commerce) Loren () Aamoilt Artas H. Boet toiler CLASS OF 1924 Clifford E. JohnsDii EIiiut A. Reese Wilinar L. Ripler Alex R. Miller Carroll G. Patton Joliii J. Scanlaii Allan H. Sloss MiTwiii R. Sti-ffer : ' Leslie E. Krueger Carl J. Meldahl CLASS OF 1925 Hoy C. Miller ' illia!n Peterscjii Itrvuii F. Smith CliestiT K. Stone Chester Teieh Carlyle Thvkeson Sumner E- Whitnev LeHov 1). Wolrt- FoundrJ. W07 New i ' nrk I ' niverxih Alpha Fjisilnii, 19S4 . umber of Chapters, SO Page 497 Siii ilcr Uan:i( (Iht-rt Osltr-nutrd Z ' nrke Law Racey Lynne Thompson Weswig Kuenztl Erirk-son Sewell A. C. Nelson Lindgrcn Hyatt U mbehocker Jackson Chapman Pillow Kolhe JVhitney Orr Hour Mautren Kossack Coffey I. Ihtrup Everets Shadduck Clark Blandin Gordon Virtue Baumhofer Bryan Flanagan FORESTRY CLUB A. H. Allison S. Burton MEMBERS IN FACULTY E. G. Chevney T. S. Hansen Dr. S. H. Graham J. P. Wentling L. J. Lfffleman GRADUATE MEMBERS O. W. Anderson Harold Berggren Harold Betzold Philip Bryan Chester Gay Robert Knight CLASS OF 1924 David Kribs Victor Lynne Herbert Maturen Albin Nelson William Ritchie Nelson 1 i)ton CLASS OF 1925 Willi. rd Barrett Lynn G. Baumhofer Arland Blage Howard Blandin I). Alton (hristianson G. Proctor Cooper Ambrose Everts Clement Flannigan Bernarfl Forseth Joseph Gordon Leslie Henr ' Walter Hoar Victor Jensen John Kuenzel Harold Ostergaard L,xon Pillow Jos, ph l ' ..rzadek Nob.-l Sha.lduck Rov Tomson Roy Chapman John Coffee Eugene Erickson Herbert Halvorsen Ralph Holmberg Harry H. Hyatt IVLirshall Ilstrup Lyle Jackson George Jansen CLASS OF 1926 F dward Lanz Ralj)h Lindgren Ronald Manuel James Mulvey Charles Racey Angus Stephan Kenneth I ' mbehocker Jcdin Virtue Paul K, Wafts Harry Harvey C. Knutson Ernest Kolbe Louie Kossack John Law Donald Obert CLASS OF 1927 Leslie Orr E. Sheridan James Snyder Arthur Williams Kenton Whitney Earle Wilson Founded, WOO University of Michi(j(in Minnesota Chapter, 190S Number of Chapter, 43 Page 49S (iillfttf Ftschbach MacDotmld KruK H attest ad Lamb Spring J tin Marshman Armstromj Iloine.ts Rocknc Dickson Hoist Helland Manli Hunt Johansnn mark Gtlhert oteslcin Uragdon Kelly Arnold Simpson McL ' abe Clure Langer PHI ALPHA DELTA Arthur Clure Edwin Dickson .lanit ' s Hctland Milton Hoist CLASS OF 1924 Alvin Johaiison Leonard Langer Thomas McCabe Robert Manlv Harold Gilbert Douglas Hunt Donald Kelly CLASS OF 1925 Hugh MaiDonald Edward Notestein Clarice Simpson Alfred Armstrong John Arnold, Jr. Elbridge Bragdon John Fischbach Lewis Gillette Leo Hatlestad CLASS OF 1926 Melvin Hoiness George Johnston James Krusemark Joseph Lamb Irving Marshman Melroy Rockno Edward Spring ' _ ' _ Fniinilcd, ISfK ( ' hidKjii Law School Mitchell Chapter. 1922 Xiimbcr of Chapters, 4H Page 499 Jacohson Olson lierglnnii Clark Frankson Sackett Ehenprter Johnson Linflcnhery Sordrit in Hood Orth SchachI Thominn Slarks oicers Rokrer .Vc.,w ( Hnhilll n ' eherg Fjehtadl PHI DELTA CHI [Pharmaceulical } MEMBERS IN FACULTY Dr Giistav Baihmaii Dr. F. K. Butters Dr. Edwin L. Xewcomb Charles V. Netz Dr. Charles H. Rogers Frederick J. ' ulling GRADUATE MEMBERS Harolil Smetana CLASS OF 1924 (ilcn E. Bohall E. 11. Johnson Maurice .Vessel 0. W. Xordrnni CLASS OF 1925 F. J. Sackett Russell Berglanti Myron Bowers Ralph Elsenpeter Clifford Frankson . lvin Fjellstad Alvin Orth CLASS OF 1926 Richard Schacht Hjalnier Webcrg I ' liilip Clark Chester Dargavel Lloyd Olson .Mhin Jaoohson Harold Starks PLEDGES .lohn Wood Myr( n Bowers l.onis Liiidenherg Clinton Rohri-r Xeuman ' riiornton Founded. 18SS I ' niversity of Michigan Thela Chapter, 190J, Sumber of Chapler.i, SO I ' age 500 ■- :■ u Grimes fesler Odell .ins l ' ariFo.isen Sf)rn il lieim (ira Morton Christophcr.son Husch Kelly Cole Dwiyhl Derrick- Curley Davis IVilsoti Rcdluud lUilch Itciierson Mortlam H ' lijers Severance ciimaii llcrron Diran U ' ilUamsnti PHI DELTA PHI ( Laii ' Heiirv V. Ballentiiit- ' Wilbur H. Clurrv Homer l)il.i-ll Kvrrott PVascr MEMBERS IN FACULTY Rex Kitts James Paige Henry Kottschaefer Wesley A. Stiirges John M. Herron Murray Jones CLASS OF 1924 John k. Murllaml Donald Neuinan Wendell Rogers Wallace Reverson Mark Severance Clifford Tanev Oliver Aas H. Harold Baker Richard Balch CLASS OF 1925 Reginald Cote Charles Curley John Derrick Udlph Dwau Floyd Dwight Austin L. Grimes Charles Kellv Lester Sproul Robert Van Fossen Ralph Williamson Roy Busch Paul Christophersoii CLASS OF 1926 Kuilxaril Davis John K. Kesler Samuel (irav N.-il Morton Allen Odell Clinton Redlund ietor Reim S. Ballev Wilson Foiuidiil. ISC!) Vniversity of Mirhiijiiii Dillon hni.. ISUI . II III hi ' r nf ( ' ha piers, 34 Page 501 M ark- Kaufman Leicii Segal Sperlimj Mark us Klein eld Lipchick Galinson Frazin Sheekman Lewenstein Gafanter Lav ' ine Millei SIGMA ALPHA SIGMA {Engineering) GRADUATE MEMBERS A. S. Levens Mace J. Hrody Samuel S. Galanter CLASS OF 1924 Louis Galinson Irvine Laviiie Morris B. Kaufman Max Mark CLASS OF 1925 Aliraham Lewenstein Sherman V. Lewin Louis Segal Harvey Z. Sheekman Leonard S. Kleinfield CLASS OF 1926 Gerahl Kronick Alex Lipehick Oscar M. Miller Abraham Frazin CLASS OF 1927 Harry Markus PLEDGES Myer Engler Abraham J. Sperling Fotauied. una Unirer.sit} of M i tntc.- otd M Minntsiilti Alijku, WW Snmber of Chapters, 1 Page 502 m W it kins SuUivan Tompkins Langland Sarreson Hammer Salte Oleson Roijers To usiey R iick man for man SIGMA DELTA CHI (Jour?ialif tic) R. R. Barlow MEMBERS IN FACULTY W. P. Kirkwood T. E. Steward W. B. Tavlor W. Chandler Forman Conrad Hammar Everett Heuer Carl (1. Langland CLASS OF 1924 J. Ward Hucknian .VlKert S. Tousley Kurd Wilkiiis Albert V. Morse Palmer O. Narveson CLASS OF 1925 IlelnuT (). OU ' scm l)..iiald C. R.ifrers Chester Day Salter Thomas Sullivan Harry Sweet Willis Tompkins F (11, tilled. 190!) I)e I ' atitf I ' nircrxity y M inursofa Chapter, lf)UJ Xuniher of Chuptcrs, 1 0 1- Vage nOS m SIGMA GAMMA EPSILON {M ini n(f) F. F. Grout L. I{. IVas.- J. (. ' . Saiulerson MEMBERS IN FACULTY ( ' . H. Staiiffer (;. A. Thiel Ira H. Cram GRADUATE MEMBERS C. F. Krtlnian . A. (iraliarn JlillII LilKJ John A. HallanI CLASS OF 1924 (u-nriir K. Downs Arthur ( ' . Forsyth Ray M. Larson Philip E Oscarson James V. Alexander CLASS OF 1925 X ' lTiion J. I)iin!a|i Joseph Sodoma Flliot H. GrifBth PLEDGES Georije A. Jidinsn Kenneth (i. Moore William Strunk Fverett X. ' anl)uzee Founded, 1915 Vnirersitj of Kansax Su Chapter. 1922 utnber of Chapters, lf Page 604 = — = - = M GREY FRIARS - B O llg H ibii Hl MEMBERS. 1924 James U. Bohan John I. Faricy Alfred B. Greene Barnard Jones Murray N. Lanpher Earl T. Martineau John K. Mortland Donald G. Neuniaii Wendell O. Rogers Edwin S. Sater Mark Severance Harold C. Severinson Clarence W. Teal Harold AV. Westernian Stuart ' . Willson I Founded III Mitiiirxnlii, HJ09 A Senior I ' raUriiiti of Honor, Interested in the General li ' elfare of the Unirersity Page 500 MEMBERS, 1924 m 3. Harold Baker J..lui P. Dalzell Alviii (). Fiilirin;m Harley R. Eaiif;in:iTi Archibald T. Mill.-r John H. loore Oscar X. Xordniiii Loreii 1). Ulsun Paul D. Peterson Ricliard ly. HadciiuK licr ( ' liarlc-- 1 ' . Sawyer Albert S. Tousley Hermann U. Wieckiiiii ' I- ' ountlril lit M ifiursitta, L ' fll All Orgaiiizalioii of Sciiiur Men Chnsiii tin Merit for the dmiil « ' the f iiirrr:iil! Piiye ' i07 m m MEMBERS. 1924 Mildn-d Alinen Leoiiore Aiidrist Jean Areliibakl Ruth (uirley Eleanor Piper Erina Schiirr Ruth Smalley Liuilc Webster Doris Clare Williams I ' tnimled at M iiini ' xotu, 190, An Honorary Orijanizutinn of Si-nior Womiii Chosrn on tin- llaxl.i nf I.rademhi p. Scholarship, and Sfrrii ' f to Ihr I ' niirrxiti il Page 508 m y ' J MEMBERS. 1924 Elbridge Bragdon Roger Catherwood Harry Doran Austin (irinies Hugo Hanft Pliilli[) Hartinanii ( )scar .lolinson Bernard Lar])cnlciir R()l)eit McDonald J ' aul Orth William Reed Donald Rogers Willis Tompkins .fii Orginiizalinn of .liiiiiitr M iii Itihrrxinl In V tiirrrsitii .irlirilies i T ' f " f " ' M Page 509 MEMBERS FACULTY Anders J. Carlson CLASS OF 1924 Elmer A. Jones John H. Nelimark Philip E. Osoarson CLASS OF 1925 Bernard J. Larpcntciir Victor I. Mann Donald H. Hunko Ftnrmlcfl uf Mitnnsofa, 1!J. ? A xchrlirc honorurn (raleniilii in the School of Mini ' s. Thrie miinbcrs are chosen eaeh year from Ihc Junior clds.s on the basis of eharueler. scholarship, and promise of achicrcment in the mining profession. Page 510 MEMBERS r- FACULTY m Roy G. Blakey George W. Dowrie Fred B. ( ' arvcr Norman (iras B. D. Mudsetl GRADUATE MEMBERS Cliekie C. Bosland Harolil S. Ko k Oscar L. Anderson Eldon E. Bosland Leslie B. Colfix Halph V. ( cirnelison CLASS OF 1924 George D. Emerson Glen M. Harold Hermann H. Wieeking li. (M-aiil Woolever Kiehard (i, Unicher CLASS OF 1925 Harlow ( ' •. I,inidi|nist Founded at Wisconsin. 1913 Minnesota Alpha, 1911 -J An lionorari fralcniily in the f chool of Business, fostrrina the principles nf honesty and inlegritij in business practice and the advancement of education in the science of business and commerce. Page .5 1 m I MEMBERS Leslie L. Anderson Sidney Benson John V. Dalzell Frank W. Hanft Thomas M. McCalx- Leroy E. Mattson ' ernon X. Miller Carl B. Mnnek Llewellyn E. Pfanknchen Gerhard N. Sonnesyn Lea Todd Hohart L Yates ( ' . alter oiinii ' " Ora f r , thr Kci to Pnwcr " A ifitliaiial honorari forrusic frali ' mlti foinuh ' d at tlir Ciiivfr.siti of Mijnie- sota ill t90() for the purpose of aponsorhig public spcdkitiii rrrnts and revardiitij aliidciita irho hove ditftinguislied thctn.fflirs in forensic achievements. Participa- tion in at least one inter-coiirijiate forensic event is a prereqmstte to memtiership. P ige ■ ' il ' s MEMBERS FACULTY n. v.. Unwliak.T H. N. ( ' lia| tllali M. It. Cliittick V. S. Cooper V. H. Kninions G. S. Ford G. B. Frankfurter E. M. Freeman R. A. Gortner F. A. Graham F. F. Gront K. K. Harvey L. M. Henderson A. I). Hirsclifeldei W. F. Hoffman H. E. Kirk H. H. Knight V. P. Larson W. M. Lauer E. J. Lund E. P. Lyon C. A. McKiiilav H. Maey (i. H. Monlillon W. A. Hiley A. (i. Hiiggh ' s L. A. Sarver R. E. Scaramon G. A. Schwartz L. L Smith J. Valasek .1. H. Van VIeek J. J. WillaiTian ACTIVE (). S. Aamodt R. F. Beard J. H. Beanmont K. E. Brewer W. Carter J. J. Christensen S. Gritfee R. O. Halvorson F. J. Heek W. E. Hoffmann L. C. Hnm|)lirev C. R. Hnrseh (). Moorhead E. N. Nelson C. V. Netz W. M. Xielson C. J. Ostreni C. (i. Piiipps F. 1). Oanielson U. H. Jensen (i. A. Richardson S. F. Darling A. H. Jolinson K. E. Rollefson F. R. Davison B. Knutson E. Howies R. V. Dawson A. H. Larson . L Sandstrom F. L Eaton C. Leist G. B. Sanford R. E. Ellestad H. Letcher V, B. Sinclair H. C. Ernst W. H. McEwen D. . Spriesterliae R. n Evans C. E. Miekel L. F. Stone E. A. I ' ieger E. Mickelson A. E Stoppel R. C. Fuson S. P. Miller L. M. Thnrston T. M. Gilmer J. Montank L. .1. C. II. (,onld.-n A. N. Wih ' ox Fiiiindtil (it ( ' arm II. 1S )9 t ' nn sola Chi pi ■r. 1915 A 1 ra rrnihf iif Honor (ft tlti- (had lilt ■ S( Itool Page BIS GAMMA EPSILON PI " ■ mr MEMBERS Ruth Bach Agnes McBeath F(Htii(U ' d lit tht ' I ' niversity of Illinois in WIS for the piirpo. e. ' i of promoting friendship and awarding distinction for scholastic achievement among women in colleges of commerce. It is the only recognized national honorary commerce sorority. The sorority has seventeen chapters of which five are at Conference schools, Iowa, Illinois. Minnesota, Northicestern and Wisconsin. The Minne- sota chapter is the Eta. Page 314 rsA INITIATES. 1923 J. D. Black E. F. Ferriii FACULTY R. B. Harvey J. P. Wentling A. K. Anderson H. D. Barker H. E. Brewbaker GRADUATE A. L. Harvey A. W. Henry Roht. Newton G. B. S anford Robert Carlson Harold Hollands Delniar La Voi Edwin Nelson CLASS OF 1924 Edwin Prohsttield Augustine Streinz Ernest Wiecking Wilbur White l- ' ninitlrd at Ohio, 1905 M iuncsota ( ' hapfrr 1!)10 A purely honorari). non-social society for the recognition of high sldnilanls of scholarship in agriculture. Graduate students and seniors are elected in the semester prior to graduation. Memliers are also elected from the faculty anil alumni as a recognition of signal service rendered to the cause of agricultural development. Page 616 MEMBERS. 1923 Lawrence Carlson Richard W. Giere J. Wendell Gullikson Shattuck W. Hartwell James E. Hilton Rudolph E. Hiiltkrans Elmer J. Lillehei Willard B. Pierce Harrv W. Weber Founded iif M Inin ' .snia, 1017 All ilniiornnj Sorirli nf Sfiiinrs in Medicine Page 516 IOTA SIGMA PI " T " MEMBERS FACULTY Edla Anderson Alice Biester Hallie Brnce Alice Chil.i Lillian Cohen Dosdall Esther E. Bauer H. Marjorie Crawford Leonore Dunnifjan Ruth Elni((uist Allies Ewell Hertha Rumps Freche Eniilv Cirewe GRADUATE Barbara Lee Lund Jessie McMahon Wvlle McXeal Liilian Nye Alpha Peterson Ethel Pheli)s Mildred Zieaier Lucile Kranz Heisig Elizabeth McKim Mary Morse Pearl Swanson .ludilh C. Wallen Enid Watts Vaeser CLASS OF 1924 Daisy Purdy ■ ' oumlt ' d a I Califoniift, 1 01 Mvrciirii Chup er, I92S S iinilitr of Cli(ii trrs, l.i An lIi noranj Society in Clifiiiistrii Page 0 7 MEMBERS FACULTY P. J. Brekhus G. H. Damon H. E. Godfrey R. 0. Green C. A. Griffith T. B. Hartzell H. Holiday A. F. Johnson W. F. Lasby H. C. Lawton H. J. Leonard J. M. Little R. H. Lundquist H. A. Maves H. C. Nelson F. A. Orton Alfred Owre A. A. Pagenhoff G. W. Reynolds J. F. Sheliman F. C. Thiers A. L. Thomas I. S. Veblen R. A. Ulvestad J. M. Walls O. A. Weise C. A. Wiethoft ' INITIATES, 19 Z3 George Lundberg Dorothea Radusch Edward Stafne Esfiihlixhcd III the faciilli of the College of Denli.ilry for the piirpoxe of in- sHIiing into the student body an intelligent, unselfish interest in college affairs both professional and social and to bring about more intimate relationships between students and faculty. Membership is based upon active, disinterested service to the Ihtiversity and especially to the College of Dentistry. Page 518 {€$) " y MEMBERS FACULTY Edla Anderson Alice Biester Esther Borgnian Clara Brown Alice Child Harriet (ioldstein Vetta Goldstein Aura Keever Wylle McNeal GRADUATE Amy Morse Paulena Xickell Maud Patchin Alpha Peterson Ethel Phelps Lenore Richards Lucv Studlev Nok Treat " Marion Weller Jessie Richardson CLASS OF 1924 Pearl Swanson lola Allen Lucille Horton CLASS OF 1925 Faye Keever Lucille Rogers Lillian Hathaway Emily Payetta Fnuuilec 111 Michigan AgricitUnrdt t ' oUcge, 1912 Kill) f ' hapler. W 2S Sun her of Chapters, 33 An llotiorarj Socicti of Uorm Economics Page 619 Page 520 Sheniiaii Anderson Wilnia Arnold Ruth Bauer Arthur Borak Chelcie Bosland Gladys Calbik Charles Cha])man J. Herbert Coates Ira Cram Irene DuLac Doris Duryea Ralph Dwan Sadie Fisher Robert Fuller Harriet George Marian Gurley Florence Hartwij; Margareth Jorgensf)n Mildred Alnien Florence Carlson Helen Cross Edwin .). N ' ickner MEMBERS CLASS OF 1923 CLASS OF 1924 ALUMNUS Robert Kingsley Dorothy Luther Loretta MacNamara Earl Mickelson Vernon X. Miller J. Neil Morton Milton Motland Thomas Phelps Jessie Ravitch Helen Schei Helen Schwend Rosamund Seeleman Alice Smith Ruby Stearns Hugo Thompson Dorothy Ware Elizabeth Young Helen Jackson Rita La Point e Edmund A. Moore Grace O ' Brien Fouitded lit the College nf WilHiiin mill Mary, 1776 Miiine.mta Alpha. 1892 Sumher of Chapters. 9.9 Phi Heta Kappa, at first a local literary anil dehalliig .lociety. later the first of the Greek letter fraternities, has for the past ninety years been the honorary academic society in Ihe stronger institutions of the country. Those eligible for election at this University are: (1) Candidates for ' the B. A. degree: (3) Candidates for graduation from any college of the University whose course of . tiidy is equivalent to the course regularly taken by .ttudents in the College of Science, Literature and the .Arts. -! PHI LAMBDA UPSILON " r .7 -. % »A J g H MEMBERS FACULTY C. H. Bailev . M. Lauer R. E. Brewer C. A. Mann E. B. Fischer F. H. McDougall G. B. Frankforter G. H. Montillon R. D. Evans C. V. Netz I. W. Geiger N. C. Pervier R. A. Gortiier L. H. Reverson 0. E. Harder C. H. Rogers E. P. Harding L. A. Starver R. B. Harvey L. I. Smith L. W. Henderson A. E. Stoppel G. B. Heisig L. J. Wel)er W. H. Hunter .1. .1. Williamson R. E. Kirk GRADUATE V. S. Anderson V. F. Hoffman H. H. Barber ly. W. Hartkemeier A. C. Bakkeii S. M. Haiige K. L. Bacon L. ( Huniphrev A. Uingwali A. H. Kohlhase F. J. Dobrovolnv A. H. .Johnson F. R. Davison P. R. Miller S. F. Darling A. G. Olson R. B. Ellestad J. B. Oshorii R. C. Ernst R. M. Pin.knev E. A. Fieger P. M. Paulson R. C. Fuson R. C. Sherwood H. 0. Halvorsoii CLASS OF 1924 M. A. DahloM A. (;. Zinia l-nunded at Illinois, 189.9 M innc.sola 7,ela, 1.910 Number nf Chaplcrs, l(i An Honorary Fralernitij in Clwinistry Page 5St MEMBERS Phillip Elliot Craig Howry Herbert Kielkopf Clyde Lighter Everett McNear Oscar E. Olson Richardson Rome Glenville Smith Edgar Wise Weaver William Woollett Founded at Minnesota, 1921 An honorary fraternity in Art, aiming to further and correlate the various branches of campus art, including stage designs, poster designs, lettering anil illustrations I ' uge SSS i 1 PI DELTA EPSILON g 1 ' - m MEMBERS HONORARY R. R. Barlow T. E. Stewart ACTIVE Raymond Bartholdi Roger Catherwood Walter Cole Alex Miller Otto Person Donald Rogers Chester Salter Mark Severance Clarence Teal Clarence Tormoen Albert Toiisley Ernest Wiecking .-I NdtiofKil Utitiornry i ' otUtjiali .1 itit rntthsin friitrrn ill Foumh-d III Si 1909 M iiiiirxola Chaptrr, WS2 Sinnher iif Chiiplfrs, So Page 523 MEMBERS HONORARY Frances Morciiouse FACULTY Jean Altxariilpr Sophia Hubman Dr. . nna Norris Clara Brown Rewev Belle Inglis Paulina Nickell Kleanor (ederstrom Lillian Lien . lpha Peterson Riibv Coon Wvlle McNeal Kthel Phelps Mrs. Frances DelPlaine Margaret McGuire Ruth Ravmond Marie Deneen Mrs. Hazel Martin ASSOCIATE Dora Smith Mary Brownlee Mary Edwards GRADUATE Ruth Immel Gratia Kelley Minnie Ratzlaff Krna Schuiz Gerda Mortensen ACTIVE Mrs. Genevieve Stt Dorotli - Hachcr Dorothy Luther Klla Probst Anna Brezler Honora McLachlan Lois Reid Mav Brvne Marv McDougli Florence Sampson Dorothy Burns Kathrvn McMillan . lice Scholkopf P leanor Butler Marv McKnight . lice Swenson Blanche Christie Ruth Maser Gratia Torinus Marjorie Davis Lu v (Crimes K.lla West man Mrs. . nna (irvting Kmilv Pa vet t a Olga Wold Iva Hansen Mrs. Kffie Phillips Ruth Vtrehus Lucille Horton Alice Plehal . gnes Ellingsen Faye Keever Foiiudi ' d (li . .v.vo? r . 917 MuknCito ' ti F. isilon, umber of Cliapfrrfr, 15 All Honorary Sorority of Fdnration i9i: Page r ei, SIGMA XI " V INITIATES, 1923 FACULTY Archie H. Beard George E. Fahr Chauneey A. McKinley Angus L. Cameron T. Sehantz-Hansen Harry M. Johnson GRADVATE Harold Rypins Hilding Anderson Daniel H. Bessescn Arth ir W. Henrv Aksel G. Olsen F:arl A. Hewitt John B. Osliorn Ravniond Hieter ( " has. H. Hursh H. Armin Pagel Ralpli ¥,. Brewer J. Allen (lark Arnold H. Johnson Louis (). Regeimbal Frank C. Kraeek Stanley A. Richardson Forrest R. Davidson Edmund B. Lambert Alice Rupp Frederick El erson Carney Landis Guthrie B. Sanford Irwin M. EUestad Ludwig C. Larson Cecilia Schuek Reuben H. KUestad Ernest O. Lawrence Vm. 1 ' . Shci)ard Robert ( ' . Earnst Sze Chen Lin Hnhlah E. Tlielan.lcr Solomon Fineman Kudolph C. Logefell Merle A. ' I ' nve Iwao Fukushima Walter M. Nielson ernon Williams H. Oriii Halvorson C. Floyd Olmstead UNDERGRADUATES Mildred V. Wood Charlotte Zimmerst-hied Adolpli L. Foss Vern L. Kegler Riehar.l J. Lilly Ilarriit George Henri E. La ' l ' cndresse Finnuled ut Conii ' ll. ISS8 Minnexota Chuplir, IS96 Agnes Williams To KlICOUTdtJl Original Inrcsligiilioii unit Rcseorch i)i Science Page 626 MEMBERS FACULTY Leon Arnal J. H. Forsythe R. C. Jones F. M. Mann UNDERGRADUATE Dorothy Brink Edwin Krafft Isadore W. Silverman Glanville W. Smith Lawrence A. Tvedt PLEDGES Peter P. Bross Alvin E. Rigg Founded at Michigan, WIS Heta Chuplvr. 1917 Sumhir of Chapters, 9 An Honorary Fraternity in Architectnre and the Allied Arts Page 5S6 WHITE DRAGON " r ? PI George Beveridge Reginald Cowen William Gruenhagen Hugo Hanft Philip Kelly MEMBERS 1923-24 Alfred Partridge Cyril Pesek George Regan Manning Rollit Frederic Schade 1924-25 Malcolm R. Anderson Merlyn E. Gammon T. Rosser Chesebrough Carroll Dickson George J. Gillen Malcolm B. Graham Haverly Jones Von E. Luscher Charles K. Morris Leon W. Schonek Founded, University of Minnrsnia Number of Chapters, 1 An Uonorarji .liininr I ntrr-Fraternilji Orrinnizatinn Page 527 1 it I ■ ; u » i . f f I BT l kl F H P ' ' ' 1 J c axon Bail jnhojffT Xygard Caulfield Hears lijniie Si-hnn yHson Cochra n To m pkins Peterson Pabst Hammar KiuTizel Spong Morns Can field Svoboda ALPHA ZETA An Honorary Agricultural Fraternity CLASS OF 1924 Thomas Canfield. Wilbur Caulfield Lawrence Doten Jr. Conrad Hammar Victor Lynne Norman Mears Hufjo Nilson Iver J. ygard George Pabst Paul Peterson Carl L. Spong Frank Svoboda CLASS OF 1925 Lynne BaumhofFer G. Raymond Cochran Victor S. Jenson John Kuenzel Harold Morris Lloyd L Nelson Charles Racey Willis Tompkins 4 Founded, 1S97 Ohio University La Grange Chapter, 1905 Number of Chapters, Si Page 52S n ror ku Fuik Goldberg Efron Goldslem Fnedmo,, F. IJiman K„lz Prowi Berku., Pape,m,i,lcr (r„; Labcrilz Cohn (irefnberg BETA DELTA PHI To Promnt,- fri,;i l.shi ji. Hrolherhood and Higher Ideah amntig Di-nlnl Slndnil Dr. O. f ' ooperinan Dr. ( ) Alirahams MEMBERS IN FACULTY GRADUATE MEMBERS Dr. H. Hank Dr. S. V. Diidi.vitz Dr. Edw. Coopcrman Dr. I,. M. Kniclitinaii Dr. L. R. WVLss I. Dworsky . aron (iiss CLASS OF 1925 Mauricf Goldhcr;; Kclix Litmaii Isadore Goldstein Sam Lit man Abraham L. Greenbors Aaron . . Papernwustcr Nathan Prowizor Alihott K. Wolf Arnohl . . ilrod David Hcrkn.s Isadora ( ' ohti David l- ' ink Miles Kir CLASS OF 1926 l.sadorr L. I ' ' rii-dman Max (iuldf.-atlirr CLASS OF 1927 George Milavelz .Max Katz Jo.seph Laliowilz m Founded, 1921 University nf Minnc.mla Minnesota Alpha, 192t Number of Chapters, I Page 529 Larsuit J . Selson Duvall Banoielz IVilson Bcrgquist Sprefin Grant Cornell G. Nel.ton li ' aldor Gustafson Bass Parcel Guerin Samero Lund Parke Leland CHI EPSILON Frederic Bass MEMBERS IN FACULTY Ora M. Leland A. S. Cutler J. I. Parcel O. S. Zelner Roscoe W. Bauer Philip L. Bergquist E. Reuben Grant CLASS OF 1924 George V. Guerin Reuben W. Gustafson Peter L. Larson Roy V. Lund Martin E. Nelson Robert M. Parker Waino M. Somero George H. Sprehn Walter E. Wilson Clarence J. Velz Clarence E, Anderson CLASS OF 1925 John A. Banovetz George M. Cornell Arndt J. Duvall George A. Nelson Ted N. Waldor To Fromote Fellouship and Scholastic AchieremenI Among Students of Civil Engineering Founded, 1922 Vnieersily of Illinois Minnesota Chapter, 1923 Xumber of Chapters, 4 Page ,530 Chmclson Tasker Johnson DELTA PHI DELTA (Art) Mrs. Hazel S. Martin MEMBERS IN FACULTY Riitli Raymond Gertrude D. Ross Lucile Sutoriiis Phyllis Clenietson CLASS OF 1924 Helen Johnson Oscar Olson M. Virginia Tasker CLASS OF 1925 (iraee Johnson founded, 1912 Uniremiti) of Kansas (lamma Chaplfr, Ii)lS iimhcr (f Chapters, 10 Page 631 Tinnll Ka,,pl, Uanfl K.ll.r lir,,,!.,, Sfalhes Cu. " ( .. Mil.ilanit M,il,l,„ll l.unplur M,(,rrgor Heidrlhfrgrr (irteup darlhiis Hi tiit l.tiri.i Shcpard:ton Furbt-r Skarolid ETA KAPPA NU G. D. Shepardson Rena A. Braden MEMBERS IN FACULTY K. V. Springer GRADUATE MEMBERS Otto H. Hcid.-llicrger Irviiit; H. Marsliman W. T. U Walter M. Nielsen Hoyt R. Cass John R. Furber Ira B. Garthus CLASS OF 1924 Alfred B. Greene Frederick R. Kapple Murray X. Lanpher John G. Le« is Leonard E. J. Mahlxitt Richard E Mathes Frazer A. McGregor Lvle L. McLeland Charles T. Skarolid Robert H. Tunell Hugo H. Hanft CLASS OF 1925 Raymond W. Keller An llotioriiri Frntrniiiy In FAfftrif(tl Einjnu ' i ' n mj Henr " R. Reed Founded, WOJ, Unirersity of Illinois Umicron Chapter, 1920 umher of Chapters, IS Page 532 i 1 1 U WolJ Olirrg J alma K apple Katzoff ad Lcmhke Lie: PHI SIGMA PHI MEMBERS IN FACULTY Micharl M. .lalma Fred Kapple CLASS OF 1924 Russell Lembke Herbert Liese Clifford Lush J. ciinrrling Joseph Lushene John McCuUy Paul Havens Paul Uberg H. Kanstad CLASS OF 1925 Walter L. Hice Hobart Yates CLASS OF 1926 Morris Kalznff A. Wolf LeRov Wolff Dvrfl Kirk CLASS OF 1927 Hrmarii Hciiizcii .■I Frdtiriiili (if lliiiiiir fur Mm I rtteresled in Music utid in ' articular Thaxr Who linn- SrrrnI Faithfully in the V nircrsitij lianfl Founded. 1921 l iiircr.siti af M innrsota Minncxiita Aliiha. 1921 mnlnr af Chapters, 1 Page 533 Burmeisfer Weir Keever Erichsen Seebach Mo ett Horton RickansTud Payetta Richardson PHI UPSILON OMICRON Edna Amidon t lara Brown Alice Child MEMBERS IN FACULTY Wylle MoXeal Paulina Nickell Fern Osbeck Maude Patchin Alpha Peterson Elizabeth Rivers Lucy Studlev Marion Weller GRADUATE MEMBERS Jessie Richardson Margaret Burmeister CLASS OF 1924 Irma Erichsen Kaye Keever Josephine Moffett Edna Seebach Ethelwvn Weir Alice Marv Connollv CLASS OF 1925 Lucille llurton Emilv Pavctta Mable Kickansrud An Honorary Society in Home Economics Founded. 1909 inieersity of Minncsoto Minnesota Alpha, 1909 umber of Chapters, 17 Page .534 Earl Anderson Ludvigsen Felemon IVagncr Boyd Darmody Marfino French Shipley Halhhurn II eat h Holmes T utile Rowley Campbell Morris Lang man Mnrtenis Grobel Blodgeti OUen PI TAU SIGMA J. V. Martenis MEMBERS IN FACULTY J. J. Flather S. C. Shipley F. B. Rowley L. F. Campbell GRADUATE MEMBERS Karl Keiser J. A Anderson C. R. Blodgett P. M. Bovd CLASS OF 1924 W. J. Darmody H. R. Langman D. E. Earl F. A. Morris L. P. Grobel H. C. Olien A. S. Peterson Geo. Rathburu S. B. Tuttle J. H. Wagner W. O. French A. r. Heath R. W. Holmes CLASS OF 1925 E. L. Ludvigsen A. I). Martino A Socielt Aiming to Foster High Ideals nf tin- Engineering Profession and to Create an Esprit de Corps Among the Students of Mechaniral Engineering Founded, 1917 University of Illinois Minnesota Gamma, 1922 iimlier of Chapters. 4 Page USS Sung Tredt Mathes Tunell Garthus Eckherg Guerin Cnriiell I ' eh lt»hert.s»n J. A ntlersoii ( ' . A. Mann Mabbati Kninfz Selson Selii Grant Pri ester lark H ' «rrc7( Furber H iiang (ani Zimn Sfiepardsoii Dak!en TAU BETA PI MEMBERS IN FACULTY V. R. Apy)lil y L. K. Boon W. E. Brooke A. J. Carlson P. Christiansen H. C. T. Eggers H. A. Erickson Earl Eischer J. J. Flather Sidney Frelsen H. E. ' Hartig R. M. Hazen R. R. Herrmann M. S. Hewett E. V. Johnson C. A. Mann F. M. Mann G. A. Maney E. R. Martin H. D. Meyers G. H. Montillun G. C. Priester B. J. Robertson VV. T. Ryan G. D. Shepardson F. W. Springer G. L. Tuve CLASS OF 1924 F. C. Anderson J. A. Anderson Hoyt R. Cass Miles H. Dahlen Curtis Eckberg J. Roseoe Furber Elberth R. Grant Ira B. (iarthus Geo. V. Guerin T. H. HuanK Rudolph V. Krantz John G. Lewis L. E. J. Mabbott R. E. Mathes John H. Neliniark Martin E. Nelson I. AV. Silverman Waino Somero K. H. Sung R. H. Tunell L. A. Tve lt Clarenee Velz Laurence Warren Albert Zima CLASS OF 1925 George M. Cornell Ail Horwrari EntjiitfiTJug Fraternity Deiiiring fo Confer Distinetion for High Sclidlar.shi p in Technology Fovnded, 1SS5 Lehigh University Alpha Chapter, 1909 Sumher of Chapters, 44 Page 536 N ' fjr . ' . Erickson Dyer l.,l,h,r Mnlhl Lrxlri i TORCH AND DISTAFF MEMBERS IN FACULTY Wvllr H. MiNtal Lucv A. Sliiillcv Marion Wi-ller CLASS OF 1924 Margaret Burmeistcr Helen E. Cook Alice Over Irnia V.. Krickson Marllia Herzog Marion Ladner Gertrude Lcstrio Josephine Motfet (iladys Moon Mande rreslori Lncille Rogers Florence Sparks Etlielwvn Weir .1 lliiuornrif Soritti In Iliitiii KcDiuntiicM Foundril. U) ' 2J X ' inrcTaity of M iitinsotd Alpha Chuptir. IMJ Siiiiibir of Chapters, t Putje iST Gordon Oslergnard Mahtren Nelson Lynrie Thomson Kuenzcl Leffel man Jensen Baum hofer XI SIGMA PI MEMBERS IN FACULTY J. H. Allison S. W. Burton S. A. Graham E. G. Cheyney T. S. Hansen GRADUATE MEMBERS L. J. Leffolman R. M. Nelson CLASS OF 192-1 .]. P. Wentling C. J. Gay J. R. Gordon H. F. Maluren " . A. Lynnc H. Ostergaard CLASS OF 1925 -M. Y. Pillow L. G. BaumliolVr .1. Kucnzfl V. S. Ji-nsen .1 ' Iloiioranj Fraternity oj Forestry R. Thomson Founded, 190S Delta Chapter, 19W Unirersity of Washington Xumber of Chapters, 7 Page 338 OFFICERS Makjorie MacGre(,or Mary McCabe — Mary Forsseli. Margaret Dickinson Margaret Knapp .... WlI.NA Da is Preaident ] ' . President Secret ari Treasurer W . S. (i. A. Repre. ' eiitatii ' e Organized for tin- piirjxjse of bringing fre.sliinen girK into closer contact witli one another and to promote a spirit of college loyalty. Page 5J,0 CAP AND GOWN T OFFICERS Alice Bartel LiciLLF. Webster I.IDA .h ' KV . President r. President See.-Treas. A social organization of Senior women for tiie purpose of proTiiotiiti; Minnesota spirit and lovaltv and the social intercourse anions; women of the class. •«!,,• .Ij OFFICERS Gordon L. Flack Andrew Dingwall . kuen tsiang Lillian B. Borreson Dr. H. Erickson President V. Pre.- ident 2nd V. Pre.sident Secretary An organization whose purpose is to [promote international friendship and cooperation by inspiring the foreign students who come to America for their higher education and also a limited number of American students to have a cosmopolitan point of view by which they get the proper perspective of humanity in its relations to nation, race, creed and caste and by which they get the feeling of brotherhood with all mankind. Barnnm took Sin Ostfrftus Wiecking Chang Shirey More Cosandey Moran Loo Kavit ' da Fiiye Giaf Roqiie Childs Thonleif Gartrich Pierce Leonard Dingieall I ' nstad Johnson Powell Johnson Loenholdt Bunker Matsushita Richardson Tuve Kidd Boerlage Cairns IVerner Krishma Maser Brnwnlee Boerlage Norman Pearson Tousley Parsons Pierce Timerio Johnson Dahlin Sorman Seay Flack Fukishima Pierce Power Tsiang Kolhalkur Yarngsky Pages 42 OFFICERS Oscar E. Olson Thomas Morton Dorothy Crissman Grace Johnson Presidcitt . President Secretary Treasurer The Department of Art Education re(|uires of its members both Academic and Art Courses. It ((UiJifies its graduates to teach in either grade or high schools and to supervise art instruction. ' " ' " ■J l:r,„r,i J,.luis,in S.iinpsnn S then . tl.i„ii Ilt„i„i,ui Iii,l,iiis,ii, UuscI, CloiiaiHy Mankc I ' urrrll Tinnier Maihii, Mnocrs Klilmt Hiihcrg H ' oollmi Howard Lkberg .Vfs, Crane liiui- «„«,, Dnii la. .i Marlin Suloriu, F.uall Taylor Rlrhilorf Smith tUmetaon Jury llarcrnoii Morion Johnson Olson Lulcs Kadusch Panh Ellison Page 343 DER DEUTSCHE VEREIN OFFH EKS Paul H. Tin r . Marik N. 1{ri:mi;r Ukrtha M. |{i:rtsch (;. Frikdrk H Mavkr Presideiii V. President Secret an Treasurer Oscar Biirkliard George Lussky George Bargen Alice Bartel Bertha Bertscli Erna Behrens Francis Bisiiop Marie Bremer Stella Dietz Caecilie Feyerahend (iretchen Feiierliak Selina Grvce FACILTY I ynwood Downs MEMBERS William Hartfiel Esther Hendrickson Everett Hener Miriam Hulin Gladvs Ireland Mildred Ireland Kathryn Kaddatz August Kruse Fritz Loenholdt Irving Marsiimaii (i. Friedrich Maver Carl Schlenker SanuH ' l Kroesch Louise Niniis Yitlit ' red Heichmuth ictor I ' . Heini Marie Ryhak ( )s(ar Schuelein Dorothea Schwartz Clarence A. Strunk Paul H. Thur Augusta To|)i)ing (iina Wangshess lleiwr Fciirrhak Bargen (1. Irelanil li,rl,rli lirhreits Tluir llnrlful Hr,m,r Iluhii l.nnlwhil Sriiiielein KaiMiilz Rcrhmulh M. Ireland M it rr Srlnriirtz Hcim Page ' ,. William W. 1a ndi:ll . Clifford A. Nelson Luther N. Becklund . Florence M. Xippert. OFFICERS I ' rcsulciil V. President Treasurer Secret ury Dr. .Idlin ( ' . Iliitiliiiison FACll.TY Dr. ( liarles A. Savaije Dorotliv Stroiu Artluir H. Aiidorsoii Luther X. Hcckluud l-eon 1). ( ' ant ' llis Kathryn Clarke Ruth Edwards Walter H. Hodgson Harold LiL ' ersoll MEMBERS T. A. Kantouen William W. Liindel Paul (;. Maiizke Otto Modeen Clitt ' ord A. Xelson Liiinette Xelson Florence Xippert . E. Pinkhani Edwin Rian Laurance Sjoliiider Harold Soderquist ( la rente A. Starke Llx L Steuer Kenneth Swanson Reidar Thointe SIciirr Sjnilniirr li. K,„,l.„„„ lml„„m . fa„-.l,r Schoit 11 iilrliln.iun .S ' dfrtye M„l,r„ Slitrl,- Cliirkr .!.,. ,• riini Ciiielli StrnlliJ .„ ,„l,ll .Vr I ' inkham lUrkhnul I ' llifC .•).{■■ ' ■ ' . ' ■I ' l .1-1 ... ' .11 . ' i ..lii ' .t ' . ■ .l ' ' .i. ' . i ' » ■ ' . ' . OFFICERS Charlotte Farrisii Marion Ladnkr Leona O ' Brien Margaretha Friese President I ' . Presideni Secret a ri Treas}irer Glatlvs Afflec ' k Helen Hiiker Dorolliy Heise Helen Hirkennieyer Idii Hicwer Mildred Uuike Dorothy Burns Lavinia Casey Myrtle Congram Florence Cohen Ruth Kriekson MEMBERS Gladys Farason Charlotte P arrish Emma Fi iart Leonne Foussaril ]Margaretha Friese Maude Gernes Ruth Gurley Allison Hali Ruth Iversoii Marion Ladner Virginia Landin Nell Larson Edna TiCvan Ida Neller June Nelson Gertrude Beulieiser Leona O ' Brien Pauline Pavek Marfjaret I ' riest Gertrude Rider iolet Roi)inson Bernliot Strand SvKil rhonii)son Hohinmn li ' nili Iiirkenmi-)icr I.iimlin SIniinl Friese O ' llrirn t ' lirri. b liiik-rr Ericksoii II II r Page 5. ' i( • •■• T ' M ' .nr I OFFICERS i Clayton H. Glenzke Joseiih (lordon Llovd I,, •v • Torfiiie Aainodt .[(iricuUure Aml)rose Everts Forentri) Joseph (iorclon Forextrij REPRESENTATIVES George Janssen Forestri) Orville Matthews Forestry President ] ' . President Sec.-Treas. Henry Morrison Agriculture John Towler . liincidliire l.Ioyd L. ye Atincidi lire Dr. C. I ' . Fitch ADVISORS W. R. Smith Robert Thompson m The Agricultnre and Forestry Intramural Athletic Moard was organized hy the collef;e Student ' s Council in January, 1923, for the purjjose of sujiervisinfi and managint; intramural athletics on the ■ ' ag " cani])us. TiniU illllllini:, JatisHcii (llcnzkc itorrinou Filch ' U ' - Page 547 1 . --::= KNIGHTS OF THE NORTHERN STAR I 1 ' f i H MEM15KKS p3 JT " . ■ --= ' - ■J t— " 1 Einer Anderson Norman Anderson Tom Arclier Harold Baker Ted Harkley James Barrett Frank IJahnick Cieorge Boos Eldred Bros Raymond Brown Rodney Byers J. ( ' . Carlson Earlinj; ( " halvery Caryl ( ' liai)in T. R. (lieeseliorroiii li J. S. Cottey John Crabhe Peter Dentelier Vernon l)nnla|) Ral])li Klsenpeter Percy Flaaten Reginald Forrester Alfred (ireene Steiner Hanson Justin Hayes John Herron Wni. ( ' . Hilgediek Harold Jaeobson Ray Johnson George Johnston Melvin Kelly Keith Kreiger J. H. Kugler Paul Leamington William Love Von Luescher Kenneth Lust Thomas Mitchell Gilbert Mears John Mortland C. W. :Morck John Linroe Donald Neuman Kenneth Newhouse Willard H. Xordenson James Perkins Joe Por .adek Herbert L Powell James Ronan Wendell Rogers Chester Salter lark Severance Clarice Simpson John Steward (loodrich Sullivan Lewis Turner John Van Camp Robert an Fossen Hejalmer Weberg Hugli Williams Earl Wiley Ascher White William Woolett l!„rrl,i,l ;. . r. ll ' ilrli l.iii i- .lohnnou W itliatns -ne Mnrtltiiiil full fr)...i, A„h,r .l,,hi,.-u„ M:l.l,,ll l:.,l.,, ]„„l,n„,, Knrntr Sulirr Jim. HemiiiDhiii Kahiurk Sullinui Diinlttp Aiittmvx I.nfitrtt Sitrtlriimui FnrrfttU ' T llirniii lliijtfn I Sfi ' criiitrf JI ' c.v t; ((ih Seiimaii Turner Muuroc J.anphcr Page oJ,S - -J, I ' J, Lawrence Aiidersou Bertlia Hertscli Tlieltiia Howers Ruth Buikland Marie (haiullor Charles J. Cosaiuley Ehia Dahiii Wilva Davis Colleen Fuller Margaret (iailoway Robert (nillette Mary HaiirahaTi ' . .la Mies Henley Marv Klueiio Hoaii MEMHKRS Dudley Holland ' i ian Holmgren C. C. Iluniiston Esther Jeralx ' k ( ' liarlotte .lohnsoii Mildred Johnston Alice Jordan ' elva Liesenfeld Lenore Lowenberg Cora Mattson Mildred : IcEwen Stanley A. McKay Ulanche Mercil Lewis E. Nolan Esther Olson William IVel ' I ' heodore I ' feitt ' er Meat rice Purdy IJernardine Rasinussen Carmen S])an le Sidney L. Stolte liuth ' Stuart Borghild Sundheim Ethelwyn Sutton Thomas F. Tracy Leona Train Mary Tuohy Esther Wilson Dorothy Woniralli lillitilluuM ti Dull SpanJe (Mnm (Jiillellr Bowers (ialhnrui, J„ln,st„„ lirrl.srf, Af ' IN iifLscn Fuller Triirn IIol mQnn Sittttnt Vosamley (luirnllfr Mr Kan John T:u,h,i ll„lhi,„l I ' tigc oJ,9 ■J — r ' r " r » ' l ' " llf» " li|lll ' I M ' l ' f» ' T ' t ' TT ' «l ' ' . T T f ' T ' Ttl»T » ' l ' ' T M ' lt . ' M " T t ' t ' ' 1 ' . l ' . ' . ltM ' ' .l ' ll I % MINNESOTA TIGER CLUB . . 1 . s - OFFICERS Clarence Pearson . Sidney Stolte . Irma Haga Fred Larson President [ ' . President Secret arij Treasurer m An organization of Sonlii Hi.uli School graduates attending tlie l ' ni ersity. Its purpose is to luring the South spirit into Hue with the University ' s efforts and to hel]) Soutli High School in every manner consistent witli llie I niversity of Minnesota. n A. iMr un An.ltrs.n, I ' tltr Adolpkson Eckhiiitl Ainlcrsoii A ' c,, E. ( ' . Johnson Snj dcr Malison ' u CurL oii Mart, I Uorgeso n L Id m a n Haga Pearson MclwL-un Deacon L. Lanto Hallbcrg E. Johnson yoyrs Stoltf A. Pfarfon Lesh M. Larson M ' igrcn Pascti Dorfner Keifh L. Johnson Page 550 NORTH DAKOTA CLUB " T " OFFICERS Donald D. Lyford Zella M. Harris Esther G. Olson James M. Mahonev Aliserta B. Tees President . Preaiilenl Secret (irij Treasurer Sdcial ( ' hiurmini Oliver S. Aas Ivar L. Aaser Leon J. Alfi ' er Kmilie Aiiiuiidsou Marion P. Chrysler William E. l)mi|)h - Zella M. Harris Vera Hartuny. MEMBERS Leonard O. Langer George A. Lundherg Donald D. Lyford James M. INLdionev Alfred Miller Ruth A. More Ray H. Murphy Jefferson H. Mvers Beatrice L Xollman Esther G. Olson Sylvester S. Sehnette Ellis J. Sherman Harry Sorteberg Clara Stox en Hulda Stoxen Alberta B. Tees N; ,n,v,.„ . .,fri, M.,rr Ihulun.l Sh.rril M„r, Duni.liii . mun,hni, AtiH.r Slirrw,,,, HalzlulT Xulhiiiii, Millrr (lhi,v Miihmuii llurna I.llfiml Tn mk I ' uye 551 OFFK ERS ViCTORIO D. Carpio JlLIAN BaCALZO Perfecto Hiason . TOMAS Rk.ok President r. Presideni Secrrtiiri Treasurer iMiH i ' iM ' . r r ' i ' r . " i i An orfianizatioii of Fili|iiii() stiidciits in the I iiiversitv of Minnesota having; for its tlnal | ur]iose tin ' pniniotioii of friendly relations between the Fili|)in(is and the yenei ' al student l)o ly and the inter|)retati()n of their aspirations as a ])eo|)ie. ' ( ( ■ ' I ' l t — r■■ vr;r ; v. t . f■ ' ■ . ' .v. l. ■■ . .■l .■ . . ' LuciLE Sasse Mary Staples June Crysler OFFICERS I ' n ' .sldt ' iil I . President Sec.-Trids. An organization of girls in the Sophomore ( " lass serving as a nie.liuin ot a( .niainlan(eslii| ind promotion of Minnesota loyalty. Page 5 US " T ' T t ' ' M ' ' ' I ' T ' 1 = ; SKIN AND BONES a f (ienevieve Bezoir Mary Cochrane Dorothy Conistock MEMBERS Louise Granger Elhi (irace Haxerson Jeiiclhi Loye Marjorie White Helen McGregor iriiiiiia Nelson (iertrude Tallman An honorary inter-sorority organization estahlished in I ' .ll. " ) and maintained as a social organization of junior women. INJ Comslock Ln,,r Tail nun, Ulnlc Crnngrr liczoir llnnrs,.,, . clso» Corhraiw McCrciior Viigc ' - ' ) ' ' i It _ ' OFFICERS ElDON E. IJUSLANU Vivian Clark Walter Rebrud Eleanor Small President President Secrelari Trea.snrer E Mildred Axness Rol ert Baker Henry Benedict Chelcie C. Bosland Eldoii E. Bosland X ' ivian Clark Paul W. Clayton (Jlatlys ( ' le oland Carroll Cloyd Adeline Elielini; Nora Eklund Hazel Fish Lyravine Fish Ethelyn Crent .niacher erna Hunii)l ' ner Le ' ere Hvde MEMBERS Theodore Hyde Charles Hinnian E. J. Halstad C. P. Hanna Charlotte Johnson Dr. Willis E. Johnson J. (lordon Kanouff Samuel Kramer Carl Lambe Horace Lien Jeanette Lien Dr. Shirley P. Miller Rujjert Mueller Walter L)r ;ans Mildred McEwen John B. L■Kee Henny Peterson Mamie Peterson Josej)h Paidsoii Marcella L. Randklev Walter Rebrud Harry Reynard Dorothy Rice Kenefick Robertson Esther R()s.s Eleanor Small Helen Smith Kenneth Storomo Lewis Turner Erma Wood Winfield Wilt LeRov D. Woltf I., f ' iah Crurlzmachrr Clark Paulson Korstad Mueller Ro t.t Rtiiiitklcr E. Bnslaml II. Fill, n ,iff Olson Rrhnul I ' age 555 |j i . il.t ' .ii.i ' .lli ' l . fill -» ' ■ 1 f ..i ' .i ' .i. ' . I ' l . T. tt: Ralph Rotnem . Ernest Guttersen Carmen Spande Larry Seeman . OFFICERS President President Secret a ri Treasurer F4 M. Anderson H. Aufiiistinc W. Berry H. Borniadine Ci. Burns L. Carlson X. Cohurn T. Cooke W. Crowley A. El)ling H. Fallen A. Fegistroni J. Cordon E. (iiittersen (i. Hellickson E. Hershnian MEMBERS C. Hield W. H offer 1). Hollarxl E. Ino.,1,1 I. Johnson E. .lost (i. Kramer R. Laulainen N. Lillegard A. Maei ' arlane F. Marx K. Mather S. Mathews E. Nelson B. Olson H. Peterson E. Pri. ' han! L. Rabenowieli W. Ri(c M. Rotnem R. Rotnem A. Saeeoinhe A. Sam|)son U. Santine L. Seeman C. Spande I. Strom E. Sutton W. Theilman A. I ' orres r. Valano E. ' on IIi|)|)el H. Zimmerman » ' r» ' r. ' i " " i . ' I ' M ' ■ ' .T7r?:i Saixy Maihhws Irene Scow DoROTTiv Hawkins OFFK KR Presidrtit r. Prexiileni Sec.-Treas. An organization of junior -iris .Irvot,-,! to tin ' purpose of proniotinu frion.lli.K » and sponsor- ing a social atmosphere, as well as providing for the interest of their class. l r Page 557 K ' .ri ' i .1.1 ... ' .ii. ' t .iin .i n i r OFFICERS Edwin Adamsox John M. IIerron Elliot Griffith Alpha Delta Phi Cyril Pesek Stuart Willsou Alpha Tail Omega Frederick Schade Beta Thefa Pi Goodenow Winter Chi Robert Cranston Haverly Jones George Langford Delta Kappa Kjisilon Einer Anderson Edwin Sylvester Clifl ' ortl Tanev Delta Tail Delta John M. IIerron Lee Herron Phi Delta Thetu Elliot GrifHth Phi Gamma Delta Gerald Pratt Phi Kappa Pui James Mohan Edwin l$ooth John Mortland 1011 ■ 1 1 TAU UPSILON KAPPA H f President Secretari Treasurer Phi Kappa Sif ma CJerald Frankinan Psi Upsiloti Marshall Cless Malcolm Graham Douglas James Siyma Alpha Epsilnn Edwin Adamson Raymond Archer Donald Davidson Si ( ma Chi Josejili I)unli)|) Earl Martineau Theta Delta Chi Harold Severinson Melvvn Wright .trtl I ' I Graltatn I ' aije ooS Ar.l,,, , , . )-.. , f ..s. ,n Din-ids,.,, I .■-■ ( r.nj .,, Junes I ' rall S, ' lni,l, H ' ri.jlil Slnrlliuul Ihuiloi, Sercriii.mii .i,i,lcrs„„ l..ll,rn,„ Jiimt ' f J. llirrini Athiinsun iinilith Unlnni Lauilfonl m " -i ■J Miilcolm R. Aiidfisoii Dana H. Hailey Leslie li. Huck David A. Hurlingaine Thomas H. Canfield G. Proetor Cooper Scott W. Crowley John S. FarreJi WING AND BOW f MKMMKHS Heriiard Forselli Chester H. Gay John K. Cirathwol (). (iuy Jojinsoii Earl 15. Krihhen John Law Earl L rtine;ul Orville S. Llt thews A. Douglas McCulloui;li Douglas Mc(;regor Tliomas W. Mitchell James Mulony Frank Oster Fred IL Oster Uarry ( " . Patterson Joseph . I ' orzadek A society of academic fraternitv men in the Collei;e of Agriculture. .1 nilir.fini t .mil, 1,1 i.irnll (hirr liLirlii„iam,- J„I,„H„„ Miklull r„rs,lli ({rntlnrol .! ,( u ,. iiillt Cooper Krlh „■„ Miirlinriiii I ' lige .5.5,9 t i.i ' l.t ' .K.i ' .lt I ' i.iitt .ti I J.t ' .l.t ' .i ' - " ' - " ■■ ' " ' ' YALOMED CLUB T m David ( " . Allison Louis R. Hevaii Glenn Borgendale Hamlin H. Hrokaw Mehille I . Eaton K. Warren Fawcett (ieorjie H. Sundell MEMBERS Harold C. McGregor Waldo E. Hanlell Leonard F. Haskell Rohert G. Leicht Rohert . Lndluni Carroll G. Fat ton M MTitt yi. Saundcrson Franklin H. Seeger Homer L. Sinclair Chester K. Stone George H. Sundell Lester E. Swanberg l loyd H. Swanherg The ' S ' alomcd ( ' luli, I ' ormerly known as the DeMohty Clul). was organized in tiie fall of 1921 in order that the sorial functions of the DeMolays might he more easily carried out on the I ' ni- versitv camnus. ,. £. Sinii,l:cr„ ItiiriHnihdt llmkiiu- IhirJ.H a.r.lrx Sinnnlcrsoti Fatrcrll licr ni Mrdn-yor I.cichl Siiirlair .tllixii:i Hu.ik-i-ll Slant- l.ndlum I.. II. Siiaiihrrn I ' ntUtn I ' ll ' je 560 ■ I ' li ' r . ' i " " ! . ' T M ' ' ■ » ' ' I ' Ti ' i ' i ' i ' T ' Tn ' r Ill -,; i.i ' .ii.J.i 1 . ' 1 .lilt .1 OKFICERS N ' okA WiNTHKK Elizabeth Wold Ida Brewer . P sTHEK Erdahl President r. President Secreta r; Treasurer Ida Brewer F niilie Aniundsoii Sarali Aiuirrson Evelyn Anderson (iraee Bergciiiist Swanliild Fris M I(I Adel. ' H.ill CLASS OF 1924 EstliiT Erdahl Kiitli Maser Myrtle Johnson CLASS OF 1925 Margaret Brandt Evelyn Nelson Emma Kinservik Esther Olson CLASS OF 1926 Erna Behrens Mahel Uiekaiisrnd Jeannette Entinist Ka ' Sorenson Edith G(i CLASS OF 1927 Nora W ' inther PLEDGES Magdelene Houkum [ ' ' lurenee Limlherg Josephine Jenson Ell ' rie la I nndeberg Irene Johnson Inez Melander Eleanor Kattke Sarah Nepriule Alice Klagstad Mallei Olson iolet Ohisen Rosemond Ti Elizal.elh V,,1,I Mareella Randklev I ' na Sodergren Borghihl Snndheini Ella West man . J nil ti SOU Mtldiifltr SmtiTyrcn A u l rsiin Kiiisrrnk Hull ftauiiklfi- Rirknn.srnd ll ' v.itman Ilen-.frir cxnn A miindson Lumtcbcrif Bthrvus Klaijufad Lintlbcrg M. Jolnmoii FriKintUi Simdlirim Gordon Olson Sorenson Tuvr lirewer W ' inther Erdahl Nelson Brandt l (l(fc 662 z -J OFFICERS Louise Lite Edith Hartmax Alberta Wright Isabel Hoffman Mrs. H. H. Frost Margaret Burmeistek Helen Cook Alice Dver . Lois Elliot . Lenore Garrison Bernice Larson . Laira Mitchell . Elizabeth Robinson Eleanor Strickler Leona Train Laura Zimmerman CABINET Prmident Prf ' nidcnl Sfcreturi TrrtisuriT Chaplain M rmhrr.fhi ji Program . Masir Rcli(flon.y Efforts Historian Pntjliciti Inritations Social Editor of ( ni(llf Beam Art Editor Sn„,,s,„i fr,,„r ISn,i,,i lliirrill I.i ' trrn Katon Swanson Strerl Iieryltiii(l (it-rlntrt t ' Mh li ' rhh iVirli-rihrriiiT Xeumnii Jidni.iini Dairiiport Milrlirll Wriiilil Anilcrmn I.iirr Purr (kirriiuii Itoliinmn Page 663 A il.l ' . H .l .11 I ' l .. : i.t ' .n ' .r-t. ' .i ' i.V ti ' l .1 LUTHERAN STUDENTS " ASSOCIATION " T " OKI ' ICEUS BjARNE HOUKIM . Myrtlk E. Johnson rosemond tuve . Makc.aret Brandt Ar[ ' HI K SWANSON Fretiident V. President ( ' arresponding See. liecording See. Treasurer CAIUXKT Norman Anderson Hcrnard Hclhuui .Iosfi)liini ' J. Jcnson IloWart Johns(ni Mabt ' l Rickansrnil Hnf;o Thompson Theodore Waldor ( ' . Walter Young Swiiii. iiii .Itihti.tiii} .tniliTsiin ] ' i)iin i il ' iihhir llirl.;i„. riid T iiv, Unulnim .hikiisim ' ll,ll,i„,l . .■ Thur,n- Piige otiJf i- f i ' ' r .M " " . ' I ' I M ' ' ' ' -- ' AA.iitii.i: - ' Sall Halpkkn Helen Harris LiRixE Karon (iERTRVDE LeVINE William Herman Jacob Hyman Ol ' KK KKS rrcsidcnl Recording Sec. CorTt ' s ponding Sec. Alumni See. Trrasnrvr Sergi ' dnt at A rms ■For tlif sIikIv and advniironient of Jewish Ciilturc and Ideals ' GoUlmun I ' liiiirmiLilir (nnshir An in. .Slieriiiuii ShaiiJtUI llnrwilz fiihcti lirarmiiii llalpcni Hank Minims i ohm Sriniiiriz Karmi Herman llaljitrn Wr li,rrl Herman Human Roxaff Kalin Pllljf Sh ' O 1 1 ■■! .llll ■ ■-: Harkv F. Abbott Sibyl Thompson . Mary Schultz Stanley Wilcox . Rev. Vm. P. Lemon OI ' KICER l rexiili ' iil f. President Secretary Trea.surer . Adri.ser RlTH LUDEKING . Eleanor Stanchfield Ronald Manual . Rl ' th More CHAIItMEN Social Memher.shi p V)tiilieil)f Atfiitation PaI L (OVELL Stanley Thomson KOI NOMA . Praetor Scriptor am! Cnwptor Mildred C. Smith Mary McKinnie . Zella Harris (HI KAPPA ALPHA Prexideiil r. President Seereftiri l.iUlDII M, nu„l Sl.iiulifiel.l (linl„n M.illl.i, Hitrrin lldllinrlnri Smitit Cmrll McKinnit Ludekinif Sriiiillz Abbott Tttompson More Page ' _566 J ijf 1 1 , STUDENT BAPTIST UNION ' B " W Ml Ol-KK KKS Lillian Horresox Donald Bennet . Esther Po ole Clifford Anderson Pri ' sifletil V. Prixiilciil Secretary Treasurer m ' ■J •J The Student liaptist Tnion acts as a religious and social agency for those of that denomi- nation upon the caniims. Its work is carried forward through regular meetings and a definite jjrograni. a. Julinsiiii Alffcr lioitziin Sritjoll I ' lilin Nortlrcn (i. Johnmiti Oslrrhun l.ntitz Liirilz On ' enf S. Krskiue L. Erskiiif lirumrr II. Juliiixnii Ericlxiiii ISriirr (Siinrick Jiislua Slorcr Hawkiim Olilnii Minirl.- Ilrr:,lu,i,l .i,iilrrs„ii llorri.imi lliniictl I ' onlr .itrnxi Cans VorsifH CtilrH Page 567 v : v J: l ll 1 II II 1 B STUDENTS CATHOLIC ASSOCIATION f — HOAlil) OK DlRKCTOitS Clarence Velz KsTHER OkENESKI Frank Blrg ZiTA COSTIGAN Harriet Putnam Father J. J. O ' Brien PresidenI v. President Trenstirer CorreKponding See. Recording Sec. Spiritual Diri ' rfor COLLECiE FtEPKESENTATlVES Petek Deitcher Marian Halloran Richard Harvey Edward Havden Marian Ladner Mines Constance Lvnskev .... Htisiness Pharnnieij . lbert McPharlin ... L(ur ( ' hemi.ttn Mary Nolan Academic Medicine Peter O ' Locghlin . . Dentistry tome Economic.i Elizabeth Sweetser .... Academic The ()l)je(t of the Students " CathoHc As.sociatioii i.s to create aiiion i it.s memher.s a more enhghteneil iiiiiul hi niatter.s of CatlioHc faith, to interest and aid them in the study of modern rehfi ' ious and social questions, and to di.s.seminate amonii tlie students and alumni of the University of Minnesota a spirit of fellowship. Puhnitn ll ,ll„r„r, . „l,n, ihl ' liarl,:, r,iz i.,„i„,, ( ii.itiiiau Sir, it sir I.iinsk-ri (ll.iiu.jlilu, Page ■ fiS i ' ii..i. ' ■■ i l I ' ll ' .. t -- ' ■ ' - ' - ' - - ' ' ' -- ' ' ' " ' j ' ' ■ ' »■■■ Lu_ OFFICERS .1. b. schmokek Clifford Sawyer Idelle Johnson Henry Hoa(; Frost President r. President Srrrelari Dirertnr DEPARTMENTS rEAKi. Anderson MaKI.ARET HlRMEISTER Francis Coli;rove Lorraine Fitch V. F. (iARLOlGH Jennie Graham Clarence Hlur M rmf)ership John Lewis . Extension Fiireitjji Ralph Linder Publicity pelloteshiji Flwin Li hrinc. . Membership Fellowshi II Fred L ides luliijioiis Education Sfteia! Kdith Richards . Social Alum III Howard Sargent Music SlI ' KRVl SORS Klhrl liow man Lf. ' Ilile H: riiUI Wesliii F.lilll Hart man Alice Seccohe I nlyrorr 11 other k Mort-hrnil Anderson M aides lit lie Ihie Jernbrk Fi-ifi llukce Cumminx liroirn Fitch Hoycf llarlman Stcrombc Anderson I miner !.cwis tirkmnhcr Sawyer (larltmyh Yalrs Wirlenberger Johnxnn hinder Luce Page otii) s m m ■J I i jii " r ' f ' ' T V ' t ' . " ' T " ' . " T ' f Mi ' i ' i ' i ' r " r ' i»Tr ' »f» " i i.i ' i.t ' .ii.i ' .tn ' i .lin . t .1 ■! ' .. I ' .i ' -ii ' .i ' i. ' . ' iJi .1 JUJ YOUNG MENS CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION " sr OKKICEKS Neil Morton Fred Oster Clarence Teal Norman Anderson " Alex Miller Cyrus P. Barnlm Ray C. Clnninoh HiGO Thompson Prc.iiilcnl V. Prexident Knfjliicrring V. Pre.-iidi ' iif Secrctari Treasurer Executive Secret itr}j Ansi.sfaiit Seerefarij Assisftnil Serretiiri CABINET Neal Bartholomevy Elton Crowell T. Rolla Crowell Lee Deighton Harold Fink . Vernon Fones Church AfUliation Helliiious Mcefings (lospel Team Fresh ma u ( ' tim m i.ssinner Publicity Bible Stiidjt Henry Gustafson . ■ Valdo Hardell William Lindell Erling Ostergaard Edward Rein Horace Scott Cam fius Serrice Membership Gospel Team Mission Studi Frieudly Relations Life U ' orl: (iuidauce Dr. George P. Goiiger Dean GeoiKe V. Dowrie ADVISORY BOARD Freil W. Luerhing Ernest B. Pierce Prcf. J. S. VmniH Prof. Otto S. ZcIt Dcigttioti UtifiafHtiu Ttitimpmit F ' lvl: SroH littrmim F(,i,t ' s R. Cnnirll Osier Mori,,,, .( .- Ilnrddl liarlliolnnuir Mtlltr (htrrgnanl E. CnnrcU Sell miller r ( ' nnninijhti in PiUJi ' - ' iiO " ' ' MT ' t ' " ' ! . ' T ' l ' ' ll ll YOUNG WOMEN ' S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION " T " Erma SCHl kk I, ii i i-; LrcE Maktha Cooper . Mari.aret Ha(;gerty Mary A. Brownlee Katherine L. Seay Rachel Perkins LiciLE Sasse Mary Schvltz rosemond tuve LiciLE Webster Doris Williams Harriet Zippingek OKFICKRS STAFF CAHIXKT Frvsidinl r. I ' rrsldrnl St ' cnfitri TrcaattrrF . General Scrrrlury Aasociatc Secrt ' Uiri Mci:liiii s Girl.-- ri ' or .- Indiiiflrial Office IVnrh FittdiH ' e Pilblieili Lillian Horreson RlTH Gl RLEV Dorothy Hawkins Myrtle Johnson . Marjorie Jones Jlne JrsTis World Fellouxhip Social Service Meiiiber.ship Church t ' o-Operation Social V iiderijrad. Hep. Fresh IK (I II Com in isstoiwr -■ Ml . V. .]. AKv:lv Mrs. E. L. liak.r Miss Ann. ' I), lilitz ADVISORY HOARD Mrs. H. A. Ericksoii Mrs. K. J. Kellv Mrs. H. H. Luce Mrs. S. . . . Mrs. George n Mrs. O. Zeleny C. Shiplev H. St. (lair IhirU-il Will, urns Tiirr Srinillz Weli.ihr Pirl.-iii.i .funis Hiirrrson .liihii.ton 11 iiiiliiii.i Scay Jiinlii» l.iirt Sriiiirr llililijirlu (imiitr Unnriilit Page 57 1 1 i = - 1 UNIVERSITY FARM Y. M. C. A. f Oi ' l ' K KRS Ira Lambert Lawrence Gove Akthir Trie President . V. President Student Srcrrtarif (A 151 NET lU ' DOLPH FrOKJER Li.oYD Nelson Eddie II. Johnson Sherman Johnson Vernon Lashbrook Ronald McCamus Harold Morris D vu;ht Quam Elmer Starch Alfred S|(.) vall Bernard Thlin Ben Zakarlvsen ] ' nrld Fcllnwtihip Church Ritiitiniis H dig ions Mi ' ftintjs . Cam pus Seri ' irr M fmhcrshi p Drputtitious Riliijious M t ' riiuijs Km pl(}i nn ' nt Puhlii-itii . Music •;. .I„ln,s„ .lolins,,,, La mlirrt rnu- h-n.kjr Mshlinml: Q„a„ Sj.iinill Pdllf ■J ' ' ■ vvi.uv.-v, ' ;.rr i fi 1 UNIVERSITY FARM Y. W. C. A. ' 1 tt f OFFK HUH Ikma Kkkhsen Maidk Preston Kdna Seehach Josephine Moefett Marion Phillips CO M M I ri " E E ( n A I R M E Prciiideni v. President Trcusiirrr St ' crefarj General Sec. Elizabeth Brooke Margaret Burmeister Alice Hambleton Florence Lan(; Mak(.arkt Tmlani) Miss Ekla Anderson Mrs. F. E. Balcome Mrs. LeRov Cadv Indit.sfriat Bible Sfiiily Social Snrial Service Ada Liebekman Josephine Loonev Edith Minns Mabel Uickansrld Al) ISOR ' i MOAKl) Mrs. V. C. C.iHVv Mrs. H. K. Hay.s Miss . . M. Kolslioni Mnxie I ' lihlicili . Meetiuijs I ' nderiirdd. Hep. n-„rld ' l-rUnwshi,, Mrs. K Lansing Miss !. L. Linnmen Mrs. (;. A. Lundquist l ' „Mn„ Jilirtilitslrr V mlatid I ' llilliu ll.iwlil,!., Serliarli llich.imn,,! I ' liije o73 . " " l ' " f ' ' T ' t ' " ' l ' " . M ' T MJ l ' l ' l ' r " r ' l ' Tr H ' . T ' T ' T ' ' T ' T1Ti L_- ■J m E ®lje gstertcal Roofer ' FOREWORD I! ' :--: Tiffi IMP - ITO MOTJ ¥H0 y)mir SECTION GET HMfAJ ,ftlGAKlCROUTOFIT V fE POOR HDNETl OUL VHDH y)Tffi i ra CITY AND L4CK0F GOOD HOR E JENil TG TAK£ THE JOD Of EDITING IT - - W, THEREFORE, FOD NOREAJONATALL,D0 DEDICATE IT TO THE Cmm GE ERATIOIH OF HI AORIJTT ; - LONG Mi THEYTHWK 113 AAKE OTHER PEOPLE LAMGH - - - RIPTR OPEN,t)Gftjr T •J t« C WEA,-V — m m 1925 Coppcleans cb fap oarir of ublis Jjersi anir elebateir bp iHortar IPoarb: our olun biurnar Purity Squad Keep that schiioh irl priitectiaii DEDICATED PALMOLIVE to KDWAR]) J RIlMl)i:s NH ' irOl SOX FOR THE CONDITION OF OUR MORALS; " GIUS " C AMIMJKI.I. FOR THE CONDITION OF THE RHETORIC FACULTY MORALS; AT PHA XI DKI rS. FOR OUR RECREATION; SC VK FELLA MUXSON. FOR THE SAME; HISTORIC XORTEIROl ' li " IE]I.]). FOR OUR DIRT; AND 130C YOUKCJ. FOR OUR HYSTERICAL HUMOR. flirts of toddii nrc not dfiriinj- flirij nrr only tfiittlcsx. 0m Contents: m 1 I ' tlQf 57 f) K )t Campus iPeautifuI ■i-r-TJ IfAcrc a ml: .l rr .v Crnk I ' lizzir: Whcrr I ' .v .1 (J; «»a J iiitnnilisin is a Pipr t ' oitrnt ' Thnr .U I t I A i f ,%f ' " I ' The l)v Ills ' Wslnl Chnir Page 67 ' ADMINISTRATION When Prexy saw that the darn school was getting too large he said, " We must have Shum-way to get rid of the students " . Hence, the Students ' Work Committee, w hich is a misnomer as no stu- dent has ever been known to work this committee. Royal R. hangs out or rather kicks out in Foulwell Hall as is shown in the picture on the right. Note his favorite and usual pose — putting his sole into his work — demon- strating his ability to further the students ' ends, and raising the seat of knowledge to a higher level. Besides being a family- man Royal R. makes a busi- ness of " bouncing boys. " I isn ' t this Piercing? Here we have the man who represents the Alumni Weekly. One would get the idea that he was born in South St. Paul. We understand that this warn ' t so. While in school he was some- what of a track star. If the reader looks carefully he will notice that his feet are terribly deformed, which was due to his dancing with those careless girls at the " track. " This might lead us to believe that his picturesque knee cap covers one of the hard joints of the campus. We understand that he was no frat- ernity man, but notice that he wears a pin which is worn first by all frat boys. At present he seems to be getting most of his kick from taking money away from the poorer alums to build mere stadiums and auditoriums with. We think that he was very cute as an infant (another good man gone wrong). Page 678 THE LADIES AID DEPARTMENT Dean Anne Dudley Blitz. Darned if it aint. She is all that the first syllable of her second name would imply. Upon interview she shot the following re- marks through that goldfish like mouth. " I ' m Dean Anne Blitht, and in regard to Minnethota ' th wimmen, I think that they are all tho thweet and nithe. They alwath go to bed on time after their usual prayerth. They dothent lithen to bad men profethorth who talk about thex. They faint when they thee thee withkey, and they never thmoke They read only good bookth thuch ath the Bible and Elthie Dinthmore. Thum day they will get married to nithe minithterth and thaloon keep- erth. 1 love them tho much and I think Minne- thota ought to detht die for love of her daugh- terth, and I ' m tho glad that they wear long thkirth " . WHERE BETA MEETS BETA M Dean Nick was born in Sane on A])ril 1. 1871. He was reared on rattle snake broth, and other embalming fluids which served as a preparation I ' oi ' I he life he was to lead. .Vt the age of eight he was vaccinated for e cei)ling. including, enthusiasm, syni])atliy, understanding, and con- science. Some of the world ' s foremost educators managed to increase his knowledge, and raise his moral standing to Uie place where he could read and enjoy the kind of literature you see him holding in the picture. At present Mr. Xick is — gosh we don ' t know what he does do around here. I ' uge 579 SOME JUNIORS SOMEBODY MISSED I HiM.MilMlKl.KN WlMHLKDON l-lll V:inl. M i II lira imlls Anirtiiir HdKATici Ckavt SioTT Si ' ilan, LynilaU- Lnrr . L. A. v.: K. K. K; C. St. 1 " . M. it (). R. 1(. Boivl anil; Ham and Kgg; Sania " laus at the Atalandis Sclllemenl House; Red (iarter; lilue Armliand; (Jreen Kerchief; Author of " With his hand iiehind his back he did the Trick " ; Piissv wants a corner, ( ' apt; Dodge Hr .lhers. Dodge. I iii KnIIoof Oppositr 111! ' Music Hall Doftiir of Drtittil Siiriflnit Do lielv Do; F.« M;iliim.., Do; (iailv (iailv West; Aljiha Del a (.unuiia Delia Whoa; It. (). T. (■; .Minnesoh, liiu.ii; Heidlli Service; I ' . O. l!o lISTIi; Fl.v Sk.v Hy. ( A. M AKI1-; r .Vila II tic .s4no. Music n () Av i.iii.t.iii) St. .Viiilnw.s. Sciitlaliil Piislurf s Paitl Ha Ha Ha; liiigg.v Pants; Conlriliutor to The Mourning Potz; Golf Siinadroou; Anti- Knights of the Northern Star {he wouldn ' t keep off the grass!; Niblick; Thinking about going to Syracuse; The first sock is probably the last. I i Ki.t-;i-:N Gal (Irccn UiviT. l ' o|i V,ui ll " „o Water Plo; Water of llie knee; Sock in the »hin; Daughter of Laughing Wataer; Ticket seller for W. S. (l. . ; Founder of the Smaller Ankle Society; Can go out on Friday Nights only; KenwoodOtittii. t U}f ' iiSO § pitoon !llnb J oUil Baps; HOT OFF THK PRESS I ' ugc 581 ,tI ' t " f ' H ' T ' « ' ' ■ ■ ' I ■ ' ■ ' ■ • - ' ' £■ ° fe=-£ ra 5 • = a: Q 1 »»• — s gf " l| o S. 2 k- ' S HA read latest Who s book b III antic eed Fi etes H lis H L ■ k M Lk C O. = ; = OS B H ill (N 5 c:i .12 fam in od ss of ter. ' iF uj ea i2« «o 3 c u a - ' W ra.E« : . 1 • ■ " Ih it- -= E O = - ' , c = Z 3 l|=iij = C c E c - c- tt 5=X- 1 j;2S = 2M d- =5=2.- a- = S = = - ; : i . = ° a J S e If " X o " - a- .« - « «5S li X X S E t « s-i=o-S = 5 §= gt- E_ i= £| = S- S " 5 Pofff 5 ' ;? T h S K I s i I y o f u M A H .1 cdnc " ; a boy: and nalurally, a irf YOUTHFUL PASSION Or a slory wtlb a motif, squared. The moon was purple that night. It was the kind of a monn that would easily fix Tim Girls in Love, especially if they were Fishers of Men. And besides, the lake was strewn with a million canoes and every fellow was tellin ' his girl how- she was the first one and all the rest of the lineobunk that goes with it. But the night was golden anil tin- moon was purple and what could be better for a murder in the en- vironment that An Opium Poppy places one. Yes, there had been two murders. One was of a fellow from Harvard who wrote The Isn ' t Weil, and the other was of the pickpocket in Doing Ihe Olher. But what were two murders in the land of golden nights and purple moons? No one knows what we arc driv- ing at. We are symbolic, that ' s why you can ' t understand it Vet. if you could read our symbols, the story above would have been as clear as Torraoen ' s athletic articles. The moon was golden and tlie night was purple — from envy, . . however. Paulson: Who was that lady I seen yawith last night Tormoen : That wasn ' t a lady— that wasmy wife. In The Srareyiaii Manner 111 be Darned lad when tKat woman leaves me alone. She stepped on my foot yesterday and it hurt likeli. Tell me. girlie, did ja mean it? H B u :m I GYPED THE SKI-l ' -M. II OUT OF THREE lirNDRED DOL- L. RS. YOl -LI, FIND .SOMETHING TO FIX IP THE DEFICIT IN MORTL- NDS DESK. SECOND DK.A WER DOWN. ON THE RIGHT DONT LEAVE THE BOTTLE H. NGIN . ROUND, THOUGH. FOR THE BO- RD OF PUBLICA- TIONS TO FIND. JOHN E. GHOFF BUM In ihe Morllandish Tone Aw, gee, lemme an ' m ' magazine go, will ya? I ain ' t hurtin ' no one kiss me, Piper, kiss me ' til th ' force scrapes the S K U M off ' n m ' heel. Oul H ' tlhoiit .1 Sliiirr KLL . here we be again after one agonizing month of re- search in libraries of Old l- ' olk ' s Homes and convents. We were de- termined to unearth some humor pure enough for the Philosophy de- partment and the general student body. This is our results. Take it or leave it, but it won ' t hurt you to take it because it ' s as pure as it is poor. e know it ' s rot- ten. Our grand- mother wept when she reail the proofs. When we took over the reins of SKI M weneverthought we would ever be reduced to offering such a paper to the stu- dents. So if any of our readers including Mor- tar Board take offence at our humble offerings, please hurl your superannuated eggs by way " of the Minnesota Dailv, because they print all our maill Our friends have deserted us. our reputation is blasted, our future is ruined, but our paper is out. and we don ' t give a 1 mean a thought to the consequences becausi ' we get our monthly rake- off " the world to the contrary notwithstanding. " May the Board of I ' ulilications rest in peace; .Vnu ' ii. • THIS IS .V TYP- OCiKAPIIKAL KKKOR. J. K. M. B I ' -M MV DE.VK .MISTKK SMKNSON: AFTEK .VTTKM - IN ; YOII5 .VKSrilK- TIC .VM IMIII.OSO- IMIY OF UELKilON .VM J O I K N .V L- ISTIC ' I..1SSES. ■ II.VVE t ME TO THE «)N T.lSION TII.VT vol .VIN ' T ll.VI-VE . S FINNY .VS vol K ITt.VCKED IT TO BE. I I.IKE r«) KIN .V M. «;.v- . I N E T H .V r • 1. 1. I ' I.E. .SE THE PEO- PLE TII.VT IJIY IT; »T TH. T CKITIC- I ,E IT ! ! HOPING vol WILL NOT L VFF THIS OFF, I AM. JOHNNIE MOKTLAND .iltorney .-il Late Page 583 The MINNESOTA ALUMNI WEEKLY Petersons llScqucst I- ' llK OIHKK day :.s 1 was ((.m- ing thru the campus, a ffll who I was nalkinj; with pipes lip and says to nic, " Say. Lee. what art ' all these l)uiUliii s for? " " 1 was lllinllfouii(h(l. I knew not what to (Ui. So I , ailed up E. B. I ' ieree to ask for in- q. formation. E. V JT H. immediatey L eame hack at me with with the old jokt- ahout what I ' rexy told the street .sweeper and I lauL ' hed so hard I f( r- got what I was talking about. That ' s what ' s happened now . I forgot what I was writing a- iKUit. Oh yes! ' ' ' " ■ ' •™« " " l " ' " ' , ,„„ Tve gotten il. I was telling yon about the lady I was walking downtown with and she .says. " Where do you work. " " I. (|uiek and bright-like, re.sponded. " . t the I ' niversity ! " " Where ' s that. " " she queriedl I looked use- lessly at her. " Why " " I said. " Vou know that Oak-Harriet ear that you get on Hennepin, donteha!- ' " " ' " es, " she chirped. " Well, " I re- torted, " it ' s at the end of that ear- line. No it ain ' t either. It ' s where the ' onduetor yells " l.ith ' ; then you get off and ask the newsboy where thi- l ■ is. He ' ll tell you. " ' -Munini. that is a terrible state of affairs. Here this woman I was walking thru the campus with didn ' t know what all the l)uildings were for. I ' ve got an idea here that I waul to |)ut across to you. This I niversity is a great I ' niversity. This I ' niversity should prosper like Michigan. St. Olaf and Minnesota College prospiT. There is one way to make it a first-rate school. and that it to advertise it. Why does the chicken cackle when he lays an egg. To let the wurld know that he has pul out a proiluct worth investigation. That ' s what we want to do. When we put an egg out of this university, we ought to write home to his folks and ad- verti.s ' the fact. TIIK I NIVKKSITV liOOZK HIDOKT ■ until rs. ( On nets. liti nkcrs a id fluij-nii.s Tdkv ( ' omspnndrn-v ( ' oursrs. iUv p;i l.l -(l . ' ll al Krr u.- Falls and tlic stony walls of Still- water to tlu ' handsonu ' Iy appointed office (if the preside-iit of the Hop- kins National Hank, come priases of our correspondence courses. " Dere ain ' t nothin ' like a little iSth Century Prose before soupey. " says " Slippry O ' Hara, one of the hest liked ' 20 year guests at Still- WM ter. Prexji I ' scs Shovel: Gets ( ' (ifincd (is fir.sf Shidiuui Inhorcr For the second time in his life. L. D. Coffman. president of this here I ' niversity. picked up a shovel and showed the gang that the shovel is mightier than the pen, especially for throwing propaganda, when he liroke ground for the new $o7S.lti2 Stadium tiiat the fellows win. graduatefl ;ire giving to tlieir future childreH- A iitnl I riirrrsitif Shitislirui ii (nw pilrs I nirrrstiiuj Statist ir.s Big l)iz Moron, sport writer and business student, has after four months of intermittant study. c(»ni- piied the following statistics: A hasketliall jilayer. iluring the etuirse of one game, runs on the average 16.3129 utiles. If it were possible to collect all the shoeleather worn t)ut on the eamj)us in one year, the I ' nion eould serve hash six full lays and one breakfast, if all the smutty stories told on the campus were written one after the other, they would reach froin here to there. If ;di the coeds who enjoy smok- ing would congregate, they could hold a meeting in a tele- photu ' boi th. 9 Page of Jflp l cmcmbraiuE III (llnff J„h,i,ni,. -,1,1 7? liy heck. I remember the great iild times we used to have over at school in ' ' I ' A. ' I ' hem was the days when we had two liarns fer elass- r ' ooms an l our hardest study was the science of jack straws. Yep. wi- did considerable stalling around in them buildings. I ain ' t much of a student myself, but all I say is us old timers got it all over you young sipiirts when it conu ' s to real li-arning. We learned what makes a mule kick, and what makes a Tniversity studc think he got kicked l,y a niul. ' . The little ol.l jug was a tradition in tlicni days lo(.. you bet. .V page of rhetoric-, and a swig of rye. and no worry about the administration and the studc council, because the adminis- tratiiMi usetl to be too busy p!()wing his farm, and tin- w Imlc i-lass of . ' )M as the council , on know, thi ' thing I |-ememl»er most clearly and etfectively alxnit the old school was the day old Main burned. The fellows had satu- rated it with kerosene and gasoline all night and had spent hours cut- ting the hose in the tire depart nu ' nt edifices downtown. Well, in the morning, the presiilent of the class lit the match and all the fellows hung arouncl to see it burn. Of course, we had the ])rc y ' s house padlockcfl so he couldn ' t get (uit and. as I)ean Nick was just a chihl then, the only inteference he gave US was nothing. Them were the gootl old days. If the senior class Inirns the Me- chanic . rts bviildings. let nie kruiw b w ir ' collect . will on ' I ' liij, - ' iS.; THE MINNESOTA CENTURY THKKK ' I.MI :s (lO.NTl K Mary Ellen Chase Marty Ruud Kept Malone Franclr del Plaine Jeremiah Thomas Lotle Delta Coffman Mortar Board Mnrfiir Hoard Srif .ippiinlcd Censors (203 JO i(j3 JE3J j(jB} }(|j rt.iouioj33s { vn.i q33u nuBqp jo i?aat ' uB3 sniji ' qp uupfps ' )({3 rt)ctoric faculti ' (|i ' f 3 (juq ku iut ' )jiq3 uiouj(| ' inttj ni3 JL ' U 0JJ34 no boxing nctos. THE MINNESOTA CATO-LOG EFFICIENT BOW-TYING hxptTiments in . t ' ii Mercenc Lahoralonc.s Shou His her DL lL■lo mLnl.s OblaniNc than m I .sua I nsUillalioni. By A. W. Horse, ' 24 m i I The installation of an efficient and durable bow-tie free from oscillations and faulty alignment is one of the most delicate operations entrusted to the Engineer. To be sure, some use ready-tied bows; but the elastic limit is often dangerously small and the job has an un- professional atmosphere which causes it to be frowned upon in the best practice. Rules for proper procedure, as determined in ex- haustive laboratory tests are as follows: 1. Prepare the neck. Note: the thyroid cartilage projection, vulgarly known as the " Adams-apple " must be repressed throughout the operation. 2. Procure a tie of standard dimensions 2 ' 4 " by 1 " , spatulate near the extremities to a width 1-M " . If n, the diameter of the neck is of un- usual size 1 will not be standard, but will equal MnWl ' -l " . The tie must be capable of sustain- ing Ft. - usual size 1 will not be standard, but will equal 3. Surround neck with tie. This must be done quickly, or the neck may elude the tie. Taking the left end of the tie with the right hand, and the right end with the left hand. Bring the left end under, around, and over the right end ' above itself with the right hand, tak- ing care that Ft 2FsP where P is constant and K -2pnMipni2 pn Still holding the right end firmly in the left hand, double the left end into a convenient but not too large loop in and with the right hand. Cover loop in right hand with right end held in left hand, from over to under. Thrust right end with left hand, 3rd digit, in a loop formation thru the orifice to the rear, formed by operation 7 between the posterior and anterior knots by the right end above and the left beneath. Draw taut, Ft remaining constant, the right end now right loop ' with the right hand; the left end mow left loop meanwhile being held stationary by the left hand. The thyroid cartilage may now be released, for the bow-tie is complete. AH that remains to be done is that the operator untie his hands. 9, - -J ii ' Homecoming i ' las.9 Scrap Day is one of moods. If the sophs are in the right temperment ihey clean the frosh u n m e re ifu II y . Fo r the past ten years the sophs have had off years. A FEW AN ! Ay Ww Mm mmWl K VjB ' A B 3M H l ' ' £ : V Cap and Gown Day aaaiaiaaaaaaaaiaaaaaaaaaa Page 686 i EiaaaaaEiaE CIENT COSTUMES Eiitiiiiecr ' s Dan Stah ' Daij: ITc His ; In Slate This Ix the Flomr ' Fella. Suckcr ' .i Day Otif of the ijrcal- ilai s ill llif i carnf Aij School adii ' ifics ; ■ fjrr- sloch Dai . 3 1 331 i9i f ww Page 587 DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD □ D HO T NIGHTS u D D D D D D D D D l hill Iti, U ' nmiii W ' linr 117(11 Ix H ' niini Willi Tins l ' ii-liin diiiisY III, Ihilii lliil Thill,, llir, T- Th, H,i,li,ilin Miss it-yfivUI: Pcfi.- ilriii 1)1,1 ii: u D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D DDDDDDDDDDnDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD l ' a,j, -v.S ' .S P; A I 1 : r- irnr Piigc r S!) f I .I ' l.l ' .ll . MASHERS presents ALICE-LIT-BY-THE-CIDER The Mashers, the boldest (tram- mer organization on the eampus. got Imlder anil hohler. wlien they had tile andaeity to put on, for the naive Iniversity puhlie, the drunk- en heart-throbbing story of Alice Lil-hy-the-Cider, a story of love affairs and things by Sir Jim Barrie. Coaxed by Missus Leona B. Nor- mal and staged by the heavy- headed Mr. Lighter, the i)lay didnt have a ehanee in the first place and. before it was five minutes under steam, everyone realized that it was the Barries. K. Warren Fawcett, as ( " osmo Gray, gave a very colorful performance and more than onee did the cheer of " C ' mon, Red! " break forth from the many Betas and other frienfls of the said Mr. Spigget. who weri ' sitting in the gallery. Miss Aimee White, as (you see, now is where we let you into why the play was written) Alice Ciray has been in India for quite a spell drinking nipvis, which Colonial Gray, played by that gray-eyed, .stalwart, good-looking soldier of fortune, Mr. (ierald Xewhouse, has become sousetl on so many times that he shudders every time he hears the word rupees. Well, after drinking in India, they got lonesome for the good old Eng- lish highball and Scotch soda, what all the Englishmen drink, so they comes back to England. As soon as her daughter, . my Gray, played by Miss Mildred IJeeil. hears that her old lady and jiapa arc comin ' back to good old London, she gets hot about it and can hardly wait until she confides the news, which the papers have carried for two weeks, to her girl chum, Genevra Hamilton, who, jilayed by Mrs. Carter Hamilton, also gives an illuminatin " perft)rniaiice of rusty hair, who gets just as hot as Amy. Well, Mr. Spiggets Fawcett is burning uj) with shame because his father will try to kiss him land personally, there is no reason pro- curable why a Zeta should want to kiss a Beta!) he goes through all the motions of keepin ' him at as far a distance as Mrs. Emily Post says to keep away from onions (wliitdi is further than you ' d think), and Mr. Colonial (iray says " Gooil. lad, l iod " and doesn ' t kiss him, which causes such a relief that the out- going sigh sounded like the electric fans going and Missus Leona B. Normal yelled to the head electric man to turn off the wiiifl-jammers, which caused one laugh back stage from Mr. Lighter, who was stage inanager and should have known better in his position. Then after Mrs. Alice Gray welcomes both her kids, whom she gets in prett.v wet with, and talks to the latest child, the baby, ably played liy Miss Gladys Kuidine, who also played the nursemaid and had a niglitniare alxuit one -ertain ija-jju will) could have supjilantcd her, had the Colonial thought of it — they sit down to the stupidity of waiting for something to happen. Then comes a scene where the green light is flooded on a cupboard to show . iny hiding in it. and a red sjiotlight on Mr. Oreck as he sits liefore the firi ' to show him sit- ting in it — no! sitting in the chair! The audience, those of them that have stayed and are awake, yell " I ntrigiie " and Missus Leona B. Normal (who is a bit deafened by the applause) thinking the.v shouted " Big League " becomes h.vsterical ami Mr. laghter, who is the stage designer and manager, drags her out into the dressing room — two acts too late! Everyone is now ] retty weary and the women in the audience are wondering whether the guy they are with has enough cash to take them to the Rad, I ' hizzent, or just Iveys and the interest in whether Miss W ' hite gets soused on the eider or the soda becomes some- what depleted. There is much funny doings in Steve RoUo ' s room and the one good actress in the cast, a Miss Margaret Brin- gold. as Richardson, the servant, is discovered trying to beat it with a chop. (This is made extremely plain to everyone as she shouts it at the top of her voice and nobody ' s grudgent over the fact of whether she gets the chop or whether Steve eats it hisself . ) Then. .Alice and the (. ' olonial. looking for some good cider in London, drops in on Steve and find him hiding a woman in liis cupboard and then thiM ' e ' s hell to pay. The play ends with Amy and (ieiievra a wreck from too many movies. Ri ' liardson ' s face greasy from the chop. Missus Leona B. Normal still out in the dressing room, the nurse looking for the propert.v key so that she can put the baby down into the prop room, Cosmo shaking hands with the Beta chapter as they file past the dressing room, Steve wishing he were hack at the Orpheuiu Players of Dululli. .M inue. ola, where the lines w ouldn ' t call for his renditicjn of the famous line, " JusI an aws, au ' , awn, — a silh awsl " which no one doubts for a minute, Fanny feeling all in from her many cur- tain bows, and, finally, Alice and the Colonial wishing they were pi] ed on rupees rather than being Lil-hy-lhe-Vider SLA YERS present THE BILLIARDS OF SOBRIETY Henery Ibsenjibsen and Willie Hoppe collaborated and wrote one of the greatest exposes on the Norsk game of Billiards that has ever. Page 300 ever been written. It is a plav written for clever people and the camjjus has been wondering since the first of Feb., why the Slayers attem])tcd its production. When the curtain goes up a lots of ])eo] le are gossiping about some- thing or other ami right away you ' re foreed to hiok at Miss Ileh-ii Cross becau se she is dressed up, for once! (We haven ' t decided whether Miss Cross was rackiiin the hilliard halls or just a foolish oidooker who didn ' t have a stick ill the game and should have stayed away from the tahle, that being the ease.) Well, as we said before, there ' s lots of gossiping and Crap (which is played by Mr. I ' eter Ibbetson). the secretary, to Der Konsul Babnick, comes running in and says that Der Konsul. hehl down by the inimitable Mr. Carle- ton Neville, will meet anyone at 18. ' 2 Halk Hilliards. That causes more gossiping, which we ilidn t hear, being exceptionally interested in an amber light that spoiled a fair looking set, and the curtain falls on a pretty slow first act. Score: Miss Helen Cross 2 points; Mr. Stan Vail, as Rectem Rorrum, 4 points; and Mr. Carleton Ne- ville, U) points. The Slayers, now deeper in the plot, get excited and cut into each other ' s shots, some without cues, — some without even chalk!. Then a guy comes from America. .Johnnie Heel, by name, which is Mr. Rob Reynolds, (remember this play is of 1S60 and then it was a novelty for a guy to come from . merica; now it ' s a disease!) and falls in hive with Ima Hhmk (the charming Miss Cross who is dressi ' d up in a bini ' formal ilress and many cos- met us). Itiit Ima has alrea i ' pledged with Rectem Rorrum ' s fraternity, and she ' s afraid to break it. .so she lets it ride. Then Der Konsul. who is ever scheming to beat some poor Norsk out of his well-earned .S7, ' (i(i -l)iber. orders a shiploail of ivory billiard l alls to .Vincriea on his rotten-bottomed ship, the Lcii yutluin (which was first constructed in 18(i9 and re- crmditioned for the collegiate bum- mers in l ' .»24!). Ornery (Mr. Rowland Mimlton) who is old and grey, comes in. bowlegged- like, ami says " The balls will get wet and lobsided if you make the ther ' ship sail. Konsul! " Der Konsul, who is thi ' best cues-man in all Kurope, skrieks " Shoot the works; I don ' t care if the ship drowns! " as the curtain falls. Score .John Davidson, for pulling the curtain the wrong way. IS points; Mr. Stan ' ail. 43 points; Mr. Rob Reynolds, for his gooti looks and poor acting manners, but a pleas- inglv forgivalile voice, 6 points; MR. CARLETON NEVILLE. ' 2.5 points. The third and fourth acts, were clean sweeps for Mr. Neville who ran the table twice and wore out three cues. .Johnnie Heel and Ima Blank got tired of watching a game they didn ' t have a stick in. so they inillcd out to . merica to watch Willie Iloppe play the team of Tililen and Demp.sey. Der Kon- sul confessed to the onlookers for some dirty pl aying he had done earlier in tin ' game that they (the mobbish oiihutkersj knew inithing about; L(Mia Hei ' l (the suffraget- ing Miss ' eriia Steel i bawled Bab- nick out for hiding behind a rack while the other guy held his end of the game; the ship with the ivory on it didn ' t sail, of a big sale in town; the gallery ap|)lauded many of Babnick ' s shots; and amidst what looked to be an in- solvent mess. Mr. Neville jumped to thi ' Hoor anil inaiie the prettiest shot of the day when he ordered the curtain down. Score: Mr. Neville. t ) 44-100 points because he floated longer than the rest of them; Miss Verna Steele, 77 points; Mr. Stanley Vail, 60 points for incurring our anger with his unique voice; Miss Helen Cross. .59 points for having the gut.s to run away from Vail, the shick; Mr. .Jules j bin, 49 points for chewing his nails to shreds when everyone else was calm; Mr. .John Davidson. IS points, for run- ning up the curtain; Mrs. Leona 15. Normal. 1 point for able di- rection. All in all an interesting, closely contested, yet sober, game. PAINS AND SCRATCHES presents THREE UNUSUAL PLAYS Along with the return and death of Duse as an event of the year we have the production of three one act plays by Pains and Scratches lub. Never have we seen such acting. Evidently the idea in splitting the performance in three parti was to give the audience a chance to leave in three sections without causing confusion in the isles. The first play was " The Sweet Meat Game " . The story concerns a Chinese woman who was a step- mother to her stepson. The papa does not like the son who is blind and kills him in the end. (Which end?). Miss Thedosia P ' oot, as the daddy, proves the truth of the old adage, one swallow does not a summer make nor a jiair of trousers a papu. Everyone said that they had never seen a performance that they would compare with hers. Miss Hester Soiidergaanl gives a sympa- thetic portrayal of the blind son, we sympathize with the papa! All but six people left at the end of this play. iKanU gawd 1 tKey were unusual The second play was " Riders to the Sea " . We tried to keep awake during this play Imt finally gave up and lay down in the isle. We were awakened once by someone stepping over us. This left but five spectators and we felt it our duty to sit up and try to sleep. Now we don ' t know if this was a dream or the play. Still our dreams usually are not so rotten. It seems that the husband of the Irish wife has gone to .see. We are not told what he has gone to see but to anyone who has seen as many bedroom farces as we have, it ain ' t no mystery. When the husband does not return, the wife goes down to the sea shore, hoping to find his body. When she fails to find the body, she stops at a neighbor ' s house to tell them that she will not be able to come over to play Mali .longg that evening unless they can get her another partner. . s she looks through the window, she stops aghast, for sitting there with his back to the window, and with a mop of yellow hair on his shoulder is her meal ticket. Well, of course there is only one thing that a self- respecting wife can do and she does it. She shoots him on the spot, w hich of course, is fatal. When she steps inside to go through his pockets, she finds that the yellow- hair was not a woman ' s head but a yellow cat. The moral is. of -ourse, nhont before you peep. The ' " Wi ' inder Hat " was the third play and was presente l to but one person besides myself. Miss Thedosia Foot was sweet at what- ever she was. We couldn ' t tell what it was but we know it was Thedosia. One of the many things we wonder abcuit the play was How She Col Hi With It! Miss Evange- line Wcstliue must have been late, for when we got there she had on .some grease paint and a ruffle. . mong the other things we wonder- ed was why Eve wore tin ' ruffle; why conceal a noticeable lack.- " . s a success the plays were a total failure, but as a failure they were a howling Page 591 Jf n Cjv CESSARY NOIS ORBIDDEN BY LAW cSaL-Jf ' .hvtfj •„,,, -V.U im cAfot ' cif ' (3o ' fi ' d- £fs cf fas a Z ' ' ' T e cSe s J rt £ o i y( A-x i ' eel fpiMn cAfl y e£ A i ' af lfa c r Page 59S f »f ' r, ' ' Mi ' ORGANIZATIONS TAMMANY HALL LIERS successors to iVeunt Throcm Hitllem {A Tradition] FACULTY Edward Eely Nicholson Freddie Leuhring Runncm Ragged Shumway Smokie Zelner Go Way Dowrie MEMBERS Class of 1924 Hot Slingem Dichl Jean Archibald Lida Jury Dorance Ryerse J. Harold Baker Earl B. Knbben Edwin Sater Ray Bartholdi John K. Mortland Ehrma Schurr James U. Bohan Carleton Neville Jerry Hijump Sevey John Bridge Henry C. Niles Ruth Smalley Dwight Caswell Mildred Almen Samuel Sutherland Ann Coe Marvin Orcck Clarence Teal Conrad Hammer Frederick Oster Harold Westerman Justin Hayes Eleanor Piper William Woollett Barnard Jones J. Ward Ruckman Class of 192) Stewart Willson Harry Abbot Franklin Gray Allan OdcU Einar . ' nderson Hooger Gruenhagen Alfred Partridge Calvin Aurand Hugo Hanft Elsie Prins Charles Beard Russell Harding Walter Rice Elbridge Bragdon Ned Hawkes George Regan Theodore Cox Alfred Holmes C. Mannin RoUit Robert Cranston Bill Kimball Nobel Shadduck William Fox Earl B. Knbben Sigma Chi ' s Class of ' 25 Theodosia Foote Bernard Larpenter Adelaide Stenhaug Donald Gilfillan Kathleen Murphy Clarence Tormoen John Groff Jean McMillan Class Song Matty years it took to rise to college fattte. We talked atid fotight during our soeerigned reigti. Vc bought our rotes; we cut their throitts. But tee never used our pull n ' f just kept on a-tbrotring Otir famous line o " hull. Emil Wunderlich Page 394 Oo f ff ' f ZrOok Good- 9 e t a ff Page 595 SORORITY YELLS WE LOVE BOYS! THEY ' RE OUR TOYS CAUSE THEY DO LIKE OUR AVOIRDUPOIS THETA! THETA! THETA c want a man Even a Beta We want a man For Delta Zeta Raw ' Raw I Raw ' Our brains wc c Hopelessly wracked ' o discover why the Kappa Squad was cracked ' 2(t3Jj I ' Jj domiiS ii ' Qijs fjjiio stirijo iiL ' S).! ]iijs jT n) uo oiu iijjQ i ] aon 31(|3,1 V31 u,i (Ji cJliis Rah! Mamma Rah! Graham Psi V bother us exceed ingl y For we are the Dee Gee! .etes make us window shy : We pull our snaaes For Gamma Pni! On the ilavenporl In :i hall We ' re all there For the evenin ' brawl Alpha Xi Delia Ra« ! Three bucks a couple, formal. Is our fee; You know who we are: Alpha PWO WK ' RK it)IN(; TO RIIY A SION FOR TIIEBRUNKEN DKKE SOUSK BECAUSE WE ' RE TIRED SAYINO THIS IS THE CHI OMEfJA HOITSK RAW RAW RAW RAW! W e Kecommend to IVlembers of the IVlotor 15oat that 1 hey Ivead ' Dimis Claire Williams; MLLE. DE MAUPIN (uudivr: rf: ;, ISii Erma Schl ' Rr: THE PLASTIC AGE- Pvrrti Mavhs: rf: (uni luuir Rlth Glrley: gargoyles lim Ilrrht: rf: mi 12 Eleanor Piper; ANTIC HAY AUIoIdks II uxlvii—i.tvji and gd the book) Jean Archibald; FANTASIUS MALLARE — ) ' r Ih ' rhi Alice Bartel RECOMPENSE- Rnhrrt Krahir Llcile Webster; SKI-U-MAH - John Kiid.i- Moiilmid [(uii iditiou) Lenore Andrist the DROLL STORIES— o r) v t r )V; -f r Hermann Wieckinc, (Chaplain) THE ART OF LOVE -Hvnni dr Cuiinin,;,! Anne Dldle- - Blitz (Dean of these women;) JURGEN— r( ;r ( ' she i-mi iiiidcrsfdiid it: ire couldn ' t) Rlth Smallev MOTHER GOOSE RHYMES ' f.o.v •FUBI.IC OIUNIO-N DEMANUEU THIS I ' diji- odd A PAGE OF OUR MEMORY %: Ciiiii im.iilc Cinniini I ' hi N COF.! forget it; engaged eight nights a week. ltll.l. S A(: ■ I went out with Johnnie Mortland. once. I did. KSTllKK Mc(:() : Gimme a wring, willya; Kenwood 0291. MKRNA TIBBET.S: Look me up, if you ever come to New York and want a Follies ' number! A n Pi Good for substitution only; call Dinsmore 5932, they ' re all the same. lpllU C .hl O Sally Matthews was in school Alpha Delta P: Whoinhellare they? Alpha Cjamma Delta Ann Banks is in Europe; — Hooray! Alpha Phi: Frances Supple, Sarah Mae English. Helen MacGregor, Marge Johnston, and Pree Cooper. .Alpha -Xi Delta : They ' re neck and neck with A. O. Pi for honors! Chi O : Jean Archibald, Jean Archibald, Jean Archibald, and I the feature editor wanted this) — Marian Lee. Delta Delta Delta Marge Cheney. Jane Gowan and so forth. Delta Gamma; Gertie Mills, Louise Scheldrup, Betty Crissman, The Schmidt sisterns, Louise Granger, and Ten Eyes Firkins. Ciamma Phis Did ya hear what they did at Missouri? Kappa .-Xlpha I hctas They all signed the pledge,— but one! Kappa Delt Where is their house, anyway? Miss Hosshnnl K. K. C. Kappa ivappa Gamma: Bosshard looked nice at the JINX party. Phi Omega Pi : Is this a national disaster? Pi Beta Pi Lenore and Mrs. Coolidge are Pi Phis but they have a nice matron in spite of this! Beware of the patrol wagon - Sl{;ma Kappa : Phi Betes or bust! Zeta Tau Alpha : Last but least; and if you have gone this far and still have no date, fogawdsakes call Main 0935. riula Will, Diilii ' l Siiiii Ihr rinlili ' Pnije - ' jU? I ' aye 5H8 FOR THOSE WHO COULDN ' T CRASH THE GATE 5 Snuckled by our Lady Member— D. J. Chandler Bhaark-ch-ch-ch-eeek— WLAG, the Twin City radio station broadcasting play by play returns of the Eta Pi-Tappa Keg game— shreek arkh-utut-ut-utututu-ut-sport room of W. H. Fawcett ' s True Confessions through the courtesy of the Wool worth fi e and ten cen store. . The game is being played in the Lta Fi s Whip »tiemp7Eo na7u. al historic back hall. The stairway is jammed to capacity and disappointed ones are threaten- ing to crash the pantry door. A dusty car- pet will make play difficult and unsanitary. Bhaark-bhaaarch-choice of goals goes to Tappa Keg who elect-to defend the ung-ing- ut-utut-ut-aarumph. Both teams are pee weeing. Niddle of Tappa gets the bones on a five-six combination. He signals for a seven but Big Dick throws him a loss. Play is re- sumed near the edge of the dusty carpet. Nid- dle calls for the same play but shoots an eight. Another pass nets a double deuce. Niddle is beseeching the ivories to double it. They have failed. A six-ace arrangement gives the cubes to Wimp of Eta Pi on the second step of their own cellar stairs. Wimp is giving secret instructions to the little gal- lopers. He throws a seven. On the next play Wimp again gets around Tappa ' s end with an eleven. Time has been called for Niddle. Play is resumed with Niddle still in the line. It was feared for a time that blistered knees might bar him from today ' s contest and he took the field wearing a large pad on his left kneecap. Apparently his old injury is giving him no trouble. Wimp has thrown snake eyes. The next play was a pass intercepted by Dooley of Kappa w hen the dice rolled a nine and follow- ed with a seven. Uuurk-ut-utut-eerieek-last play was incorrectly announced. The nine was cocked on the edge of the dusty carpet and the seven gave Wimp his yards. Wimp attempts another natural which was blocked, giving him Pheobe instead. Oooork-oorieep-Spring rye b l, July barley 7M, Canadian Corn $48.50 the case. Mrs. Oreiia Tippit will now tell the little children how Foxy Woxy socked old Mrs. Duck and Chipper " Squirrel knocked him for a loop. Aaarhlumeeemph-ut-ut-has carried the dice to the ink spot in the dusty carpet and fol- lows a five-three combination with a double four. His next play nets a perfect se en. Tappa is plainly weakened by the loss of Niddle who we forgot to announce was re- moved from the field three plays back. He contracted an acute attack of Heebie Jeebies when Sneed of Eta ompleted a double pass Pheobe to Dick to Pheobe again and followed it with a natural which carried him to within a few inches of a discarded pair of galoshes. The first half is now over. We are unable to give the exact score but Sneed is playing leather and Wimp is circulating I. O. U.s among the throngs on the back stairs. Etc., etc., adinfinitum, adinfinitum until the generator burns out or the airiel blows down. Page 699 YE HISTORICALE HYSTERIA hij l)lt)ll! s Api- Apu April 1, — Indoor track season closes at Peking. Rhet profs bite nails in horror! What to do! What to do ! April 2, — Mortland comes out with Ski-U-Mah " pure issue " . Swenson satisfied; Tormoen blamed — April 3, — Thursday. Convocation. Six people found to attend: prexy, four regents, and one unidentified male. April 4, — Prominent university professor seen in P. O. Name given if self-addressed envelope. Daily thinks it might be O. W. Firkins - April 5, — Tousley writes stupendous book review. April 7, — Sun comes out. Coed appears with green socks. April 8, — Campus consternated! Health Service runs out of excuses. April 9, — Doc Cooke and Doc Young discovered in " bull session " on Parade Ground. Cooke reported winning — ;1L 10, — Unknown concoction smelled out in pharma- cy building. Booze plot suspected. Purity Squad looking for a drink. :ii 11, -Tousley writes astounding book review. April 12, — Kappa Show ' s success. April 14,- -Mark Severance smells money. April 15, — Daily head: Mark Severance Will Run University Circus; " Greatest Tow on Earth. " April 16, — Richardson Rome thinking about running for another office. Frank Gray worried. April 17, — Lloyd Vye visits Gopher office. Talks farm politics with Rogers. Probably Bull was discussed — April 19, — " Able " Baker negotiates with South Saint Paul for goodly supply of canes. lEd. note: Cain and Abel, you know. Ha! Ha!) ■ ' " ' April 21, — Tousley writes magnificent book review. -Four visitors mistake chemistry building for gas factory. -Three theater reviews appear in Daily. Tousley sees Pantages, but makes dollar on April 2 Follies!! Neville gets haircut!!! April 22, April 23, deal. April 24, A -Convocation. Much sleep, RiL 25, — Onlooker counts nine college boys in library Mid-quarters drawing near. April 26, — D. G. Dawnsant at and around Leamington Tippery loses ten pounds in the scuffle. " Able " Baker mops up on cane day sale. Thomas discards cane; would be individual. hotel. April 28, April 29, April 30, -General perturbation! Mid-quarters take Phi Beta Kappas by surprise. Dick Rome gets his office. Gray crestfallen. Rome one up April 24 l ' n,j, HIM) April 29 M 1. Pierce cheated out of job. Griffith speaks at Stadium Convocation. Big Day! James Upsilon Bohan sticks to Phi Psis; appoints Lee Deighton stadium chief. Mw 2,- Tousley writes momentous book review. In spite of this All-Junior informal is success. Ma-i 3, Sun comes out. Dean Blitz appears on camp- us in knickers. Pi Phis have coming out party police retaliate with raid. Sigerfoos sore. M 5, Doc Young pulls joke No. 17,849, File No. 1492. Mxi ■ V X A ' - - ( oiyc 6, Daily head: ClasS To Rule Capitol May 9 at Senior Prom. Louie Collins and " Honest " Jake Preus Will Check Coats! Watch your pockets boys!!! May 7, Shumway shaves three chins and still gets to office on time. Mai 8, Masquer Banquet! Dickey Burton speaks on " Poetic Interpretation of Rhetoric Department ' s Free Loving " . Bill Wollett still talking about it. May 9, - Senior Prom takes Capitol by storm. S tate militia at gate: Psi U ' s disappointed. 21 guests and 300 electricians! May 10, Usual " morning after " stagnation. Run on Shumway ' s office. McWhorter smacks Cooper roundly in " importance of being earnest! " Ma ' i 12, Tousley writes gigantic book review. Li- brary nearly complete. Ma ' i 13, Three apes secured for Senior circus. Sever- ance, Bauman, Buck plead innocent. Ma " ) ' 14, — Campus saturated with politics. Celebrated celebraties support Cox. Ma ' i ' 15, —Jones gets disgusted with Radisson Assembly management. Kribben promises to take him to Circus tomorrow. Ma ' i 16, --Greatest Show On Earth shows!!!! Six hun- dred and 78 participAnts; count ' em if you don ' t be- lieve it. Mortar board investigates side shows. No satisfaction. Severance in too close proximity with Ski-U-Mah office. Ma ' i 17, -Tousley refuses to review Circus: what no book!!? M. 19, Coolidge wires campus Campaign manager. Following excerpt: " AM WET IF YOU WANT ME TO BE WET; DRY IF YOU THINK IT IS EXPEDIENT; BUT ALWAYS QUIET. Signed, " CAREFUL " CAL. " May 20,— A1 Smith wires; " HERE ' S LOOKIN ' AT CHA " !! May 21, - Summer starts -we put on our B. V. D. ' s and steppins!! _ Ma " ! 22, General exhuberancy ! ! vention fought out to finish. but only one was chosen. 23, Gophers dying to get out —so are we to quit. 24, Good Lord!!! Will this never end?!! 26, The book ' s out ; our dirt is done. Hooray we ' re free!!!!! If you got any dirty kicks comin ' call Di. 0068 and ask for Roger Catherwood. If you owe us any jack call Di. 5412 and let W. B. Cole work out on you. But for Gawd ' s sake lay off ' n us. Shove- maway is demanding his pound of flesh. May IS Exeunt Al, Now and Forevermore. Amen!!!!! May ,} Mock Politica l Con- Many were called. Ma-. Ma-. Ma-, Pil,,r i:(ii He: Stocl ing Up, Mrs. Mnrphi ' f ' She: SIR. ' !! A Gamma Phi and D. V. Heturtiing from GeoJgogy Hike hif the River Now that the last Gamma Phi has been silenced, and the last election successfully supervised, Mortar Board has been ade- quately pacified with stick candy, all the Board of Publishers meals paid for and the feature section properly renovated by said Hungry Board, We mean the Board of Publishers), we do set ourselves to adoption of the following platform: 1. We believe Mr. Lobb to be the tool of Biji Business. 2. We believe that Mr. Thomas really means well but is too outspoken. 3. WE BELIEVE THAT THE NEXT EDITOR SHOULD KEEP WOMEN OFF HIS STAFF ENTIRELY. 4. We believe Academic Freedom to be a joke. 5. We believe that the Minnesota Quarterly should be controlled by the Board of Publishers or the Humane Society, 6. We believe that a new woman political leader should be unearthed to succeed Miss Smalley who graduates in June. 7. WE BELIEVK PI PHI CIRCUSES TO BE DETRIMENTAL TO THE WELFARE OF THE STUDENT BODY. 8. We believe that all subscription campaigns should be conducted by the faculty. iSee Jimmie Paige) 9. We believe that Pi Kappa Alpha has become a disease to the Publication Building and is infecting the publications themselves. It should be fumigated. 10. We congratulate the Senior (Jircus (Com- mittee, on having made monkies of the student body. 11. We strongly recommend that the Rhetoric faculty be given instructions in boxing. 12. WE RECOMMEND THAT MORTAR BOARD REMEMBER THAT CCHARITY BEGINS AT HOME AND THAT THOSE WHO LIVE IN GLASS HOUSES ETC. 13. We wonder if Hanft thinks leading the J. B. was worth it. 14. To Miss Adelaide Stenhaug and Mr. Clarence Pearson we award the honors of being Minnesota ' s most conscientious workers. We trust that in their senior year they will continue the good work hand in hand. 15. We agree with the Ski-U-Mah of May, 192. . Alpha Phi is still said to be national. 16. We strongly recommend that Doc Cooke be placed in charge of Stiffies ' Gopher or sell books for the Co- Op. 17. And now we join the Thetas in taking the pledge " Never Again " . As the Republican platform said in 1920. " we ' re going back to normalcy " . We wish all you children a Merry Christmas and A Happy New Year. Our boxcar is waiting at the I4th avenue bridge and we ' re singing " California Here I Come " . The volume is yours; take or leave it. (The EikI of Features} Page 602 Our J ourney Is D one After a year of travel over uncertain patlis. the end of the trail is in sight and the hungry presses wait teasingly for this last piece of copy to print the closing pages of this thirty-eighth volume. The Historical Gopher. In dedicating this volume to the People of the State, we have emphasized Minnesota, the State and Uni- versity, the relation of the two. and the service that the University renders to the State. When elected a year ago. the platform of the staff was " A complete 1925 Gopher published by the junior class but emphasizing the spirit of a United Minnesota. " It is on this platform that we have striven to build our book. In the histories of the University, we have attempted to show the growth and development of the institu- tion. We realize that such reading is not of primary interest at first, but we trust that every subscriber will at some time spend a few minutes reading the histories. We recommend them not for their literary value, but rather for the information they contain. We feel that in them are facts that emphasize the Real Minnesota, facts which justly show her as one of the leading educational institutions of the country. Now as we look back over our year of travel and think of the numerous times that we have been tempted to stray from the path, we realize that we are more than indebted to those who served as our advisors. The staff itself was composed of ama- teurs; none of us had had but a taste of experience m annual work. Therefore, we naturally sought aid of those who. year in and year out. are engaged in such work. In this respect, we have been more than fortunate. For the designing and engraving of the Gopher, we are indebted to Mr. J. J. Sher and Mr. A. A. Segal of the Bureau of Engraving. Minneapolis. Mr. Sher supervised the preliminary planning of the book and Mr. Segal supervised its actual construction. In Mr. Segal, we have found a close friend and conscien- tious advisor, one who held paramount at all times the best interests of the Gopher staff. John Noonan, of the Bureau, also aided us in the engraving work. The printing of the Gopher this year was done by the Harrison Smith Co. of Minneapolis. We are indebt- ed to Mr. Russell Thomas and Mr. Charles Boener for their aid in planning the book and to Mr. Willis C. Dobbs for his careful work in formulating the printing details. The Gopher is printed on Old Ivory Coated Book, manufactured by the Dill and Collins Co., Philadelphia, and distributed by the Minneapolis Paper Co. Permission to reproduce the beautiful paintings in the opening section of the book was given by Mr. Carl W. Rawson. the artist. We are indebted to the North- western National Bank of Minneapolis for the permission to reproduce the paintings on the industries of the state. Portraits of the Representative Minnesotans were made by the Studios of Golling-Hesse. Miller and Zintsmaster. Minneapolis. The high quality of the junior pictures is due to the excellent work of the seventeen studios who served as official photographers. Mr. E. E. Brush, the chairman photographer, originated the idea and served faithfully in putting it into opera- tion. The campus pictures depicting all phases of student life were made by Mr. Bruce Siffort of the University Foto Shop. The covers were made by the David J. Molloy Co. of Chicago To the Minnesota Daily we are indebted for the excellent cooperation they have given us in our publicity. Space does not permit us to make all the personal acknowledgements that are due. Among the sophomore assistants who worked tirelessly on the book are Goodenow Winter, Howard Cless. John Connor, Elizabeth Martin. Mary Staples. Larry Seeman. Maynard Berkness. Agnes Newhouse, Warren Fawcett, Barbara Harris, Margaret Parker. Murdoch Dawly. Elizabeth Dixon. Harriet Broderick. June Chrysler. Ruth Carlson. Edith Quinn. Carroll Dickson. Norman Baker. Lucille Sasse. Stuart Fink. Ernest Guttersen. Floyd Hoffstead. Richard Jones. Gerald O ' Connor and Harold Molyneaux. Reluctantly then, we close the journey. The trip has indeed been an interesting one. Staff members holding apparently minute positions have worked conscientiously and unselfishly. During the year a true camaraderie has arisen in the Gopher office, and if we have had to forego things for this book, we feel that we have been more than recompensed by the ex- p erience we have gained and the friendships we have made. And if there is any credit due for the success of the book, that credit is due to each individual member of this, the largest staff in Gopher history. The end of the journey is here With a sense of regret and loneliness, we leave the race and turn the reigns over to the new staff. To them, we wish the best of luck; we hope they will profit by our many mistakes; and that in their book they will demonstrate in a more picturesque manner the spirit of a United Minnesota. Let the presses roll on — Our Journey Is Done. The Editors. Page 60S ndex A Beta Gamma Sigma 51 1 Acacia 445 Beta Theta Pi 449 Academic College History , , 65-69 Bib and Tucker 540 Administration at Work 64 Biology Building 67 Agricultural Administration Building 574 Blitz. Dean Anna D 62 Agricultural Debate .U)i Block and Bridle Club 92 Agricultural Education Club 9 1 Board of Publications 234 Agricultural Judging Teams 2 1.1 Board of Regents Agricultural Student Council 40 6 1851-1860 34 Agriculture. Forestry, and Home Economics His- 1923-1924 60 lory , . 78-93 Bowling 380 College of Agriculture 78-84 Boxing. Varsity 3 70 Forestry 85-86 Brainerd. Minn. Home Economics . 87-89 Birdseyc Views 31, 162 Substations 89-90 Court House Northern Pacific Shop s 189 180 Albert Lea. Minn, Fountain Lake . . , 171 North from Sixth Street Burton. Marion L Business School History Business Women ' s Club c 194 51 118-119 122 496 294 Gas Building . . . 167 Katherine Island . . . 149 Lake Boulevard 175 Alice Sit-by-the-Fire . . . . 251 AU-American Football Selections . . . , 339 All-Senior Council 407 v. aDietow Cadets at Work All-University Council 405 CAMPUS CLUBS 540-560 Alpha Alpha Gamma 4 36 Campus Scenes 540-560 Alpha Chi Omega 41 " Agricultural Campus Path 20 Alpha Chi Sigma , . 477 Agricultural Campus Winter Scene 128 Alpha Delta Phi . . . , 446 Agricultural Gymnasium 19 Alpha Delta Pi 418 Campus Gate Library Building Main Engineering Bui 24 Alpha Epsilon Iota 442 14 Alpha Gamma Delta 419 ding 17 Alpha Gamma Gamma 457 Millard Hall 1 6 Alpha Gamma Rho 478 New Music Building Northrop Gate 21 Alpha Kappa Epsilon 438 18 Alpha Kappa Kappa 479 Physics Building 22. 66 Alpha Kappa Psi 494 Spanish War Memoriil 15. 47 Alpha Omega 495 University Hospital 23 Alpha Omicron Pi 4 20 Cap and Gown Day 541 Alpha Phi 421 Cass Gilbert Plan 5 6 Alpha Pi Omega 510 Charter Day 266 Alpha Rho Chi 4 80 Chemistry Building .... 108 Alpha Sigma Phi 447 Chemist ly College Histor 108-109 Alpha Tau Omega 448 Chi Delta Xi 450 Alpha Xi Delta 422 Chi Epsilon Chi Omega 5 30 Alpha Zeta 528 423 , lumni Association 61 Chi Psi ' 451 .Alumni Weekly 243 Class Officers American Institute of Electrical Engineers 76 Academic 69 American Society of Civil Engineers 75 .Agriculture Business 90 American Society of Mechanical Engineers 77 1 19 Anatomy Building 97 Chemistry 109 .- rabs 260 Dentistry 103 Architectural Societv 74 Education 1 1 1 Armory Athenian Literary Society 45 304 Engineering Law " 3 95 Athletic Administration 328 Medicine Mines Pharmacy 98 ATHLETICS, MEN ' S 327-384 106 1 1 3 ATHLETICS, WOMEN ' S 385-414 Austin High School 31 Clayton. Irene 392 B CofTman. Lotus D 54, 58 Band. Univcrsitv 284-285 Coliseum 41 Baseball, Intramural 381 COLLEGES AND ADMINISTRATION 5 7-1 27 Baseball, Southern Trip 367 Commerce Club 120-121 Baseball. Varsity 345-348 Concert Course Artists 279 ' arsitv Group 346 Conference Medal Winner 3 30 Baseball. Women ' s 395 Cooke. L. J 342 Basketball. Intramural 376-37- Cosmopolitan Club 542 Basketball. ' arsity 341-344 Crookston Substation I 99 Conference Standings 344 Hill Building 181 Varsity Group 34 2 Cross-Countrv. Varsity 355-358 Basketball. Women ' s VI2-393 X ' arsitv Group . . 35 6 Battle Creek Ramsey County 152 D Beard. R. O 97 Debates Triangle 300-301 Beta Delta Ph, 5 29 Delta Chi 452 i:4 Delta Dt.U.1 Dclt.i Delta Gamma Delta Kappa Epsilon Delta Phi Delta Delta Sigma Delta Delta Sigma Phi Delta Sigma Rho Delta Tail Delta Delta Thcta Phi Delta Upsilon Delta Zeta Dentistry Building Dentistry College History Department of Art Education Departmental Dramatics Der Deuich Verein Dorr Fountain Downey. John B Dowric, George W Dramatics Duluth Central High School Track Team Duluth. Minn. Aerial Bridge Birdscye View Chester Creek Elevated Railway In 1892 St. Louis River Education College History Elliott Memorial Hospital Engineering College History Engineering Group Buildings Engineers ' Bookstore Eta Kappa Nu Eustis. W. C Experimental Engineering Exterior Interior Extension Division History Extension Division Students ' Council 424 425 5)1 481 497 512 454 482 455 . 426 . 102 102-10-5 ... 54) , 248 . 544 )7 b7 119 248-262 . . . . 384 165 144 26 172 148 154 110-111 96 70-77 71 72 532 40 . . 70 73 123-124 ... 125 Faribault. Minn, Farm Review Farming m St. Louis County FEATURES Field Hockey Folwell. W. W Football. Varsity Varsity Group P ' ord. Dean Guy Stanton Forensic Review Forensic and Literary Forestry Club Foreword Fort Snelling. Minn Blockhouse Round Tower Forum Literary Society Eraser. Dean Everett FRATERNITIES. ACADEMIC FRATERNITIES. PROFESSIONAL Free Dispensary Freshman Commission Freshman-Sophomore Debate Freshman-Sophomore Oratorical Contest Freshman ' V. ' ekomc G Gamma Alpha Gamma Eosilon Pi Gamma Phi Beta Gamma Sigma Delta Garrick Club Golf. Men ' s Golf. Women ' s 136 246 30 ,576-602 390 39 331-340 332 115 296 296-314 498 5 170 198 ,, . . 305 95 444-475 476-504 98 408 02 299 267 5 1 3 514 427 515 254 383 3 08 Gopher of 1925 Staff Department Heads Staff Pictures Gopher Outing Club Graduate School History Grand Portage. Minn Gray Friars Greek Club Gymnastic 1 H Haggerty. Dean ME Hestian Club HISTORY OF THE STATE HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSITY. Hockey. Intramural Hockey. Varsity Varsity Group Hockey. Women ' s Home Economics Association Council . Homecoming Committees Homecoming. Last Game on Northrop HONOR SOCIETIES HYSTERICAL GOOFER I Incus Indian Family. Itasca Park Industries of the State (Paintings) Flax Lumbering Manufacturing Wheal Interfratcrnity Council. Academic Interfratcrnity Council. Professional Interhouse Athletic Council Activities Intersorority Counci l. Professional Intramural Athletic Board Intramural Athletics Iota Sigma Pi Iron Wedge Itasca Park Forestry Station J Johnson. Dean John B JUNIOR ALBUM Junior Ball Committees Junior Commission Junior Officers (See 233-237 235 236 237 275 115 25 506 595 369 I 1 1 , , 546 . ,25-32 , ,33-64 , . . 379 359-362 , 361 394 93 ,264-265 , , , , 265 44 506-538 ,575-602 Class Officers) K Kappa Alpha Theta Kappa Delta Kappa Epsilon Kappa Eta Kappa Kappa Kappa Gamma Kappa Kappa Lambda Kappa Rho Literary Society Kappa Phi Kappa Sigma Kawishiwi River Kelly. Dean Fred J Kissock. Mary Knights of the Northern Star L Law Building Law College History Le Cercle Francais Leland. Dean Ora M Library. New Library. Old Luehring. Fred W Lutheran Students ' Association Lvon, Dean E, P 516 158 219 , 216 217 218 444 476 400 401 435 547 ) 7 3-3 8 3 517 , 507 , 85 . . 66 129-214 272-273 273 409 428 429 439 483 430 562 306 563 456 138 127 392 548 94 94 95 549 109 68 65 328 564 97 328 IVI Mankato Tablet Marine Memorial ' ' cV Marine. St Croix Valley 7 , . MAROON AND GOLD DAYS ! ' ... ' . 215-314 Martineau, Earl . . t! Masquers . ' ..■.■.■.■.■.■.■. ' . 750 Mechanic Arts Building 116 Medical Campus. Future 99 Medicine College History ....[...... 96-99 Menorah Society c r Milford Mine ' , n Military Ball ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . 775 Minerva Literary Society iny Mines Building ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . 104 Mines College History ' . ' " 104-107 Mines Society , p. Minneapolis Central High Swimming Team t-g Track Team ■ " 01 Minneapolis. Minn. Armory Cor 200 ammercial District T5 1 Gateway ' ' ' -,„ Glenwood Waterfall T57 Institute of Art 153 ' 185 Lake Harriet Drive . J45 Lake of the Isles ■.■.■.■.■.■.■.■.■.132: 160 Loring Park ,4, ,„„ Milling District ' V. ' - f°° Third Avenue Bridge i :; • Minnehaha Falls -,. , ,q Minnesota Daily -,,g f, History its Editorial Staff ... i o Business Staff f n MINNESOTA LIFE PICTURES 7 70 A7 MINNESOTA SCENES (PAINTINGS) Hudson Bay Trail o Minnesota Summer ,7 Minnesota Winter ,7 Old Mill Ij .„ P " i " " of the South . ,7, MINNESOTA. STATE AND UNIVERSITY 5-5 6 Minnesota State Fair j jo Grandstands , o c t m: Scene in 1860 ' ?° Minnesota Tigers , l- Minnesota Union Board of Gove Morris Substation yernors 410 Experimental Fields 155 192 Farm Engineering Building , : 1 Gymnasium . ; " „ Music Hall ..... ' . t2 Women ' s Dormitory | , Mortar Board . Izl Mrs. Dot 508 Music at Minnesota lH Music Club j: ' ° Music School History V. v.. ' .v. ■.■.■.■.■.■. " 116 117 National Collegiate Players j.-, Nicholson. Dean E. E " Norris. Dr. J. Anna. . , " North Dakota Club 1°° Northern Oratorical Contest . ' ' ' ■ oq, Northrop. Cyrus ■ H Funeral Norway Beach tl Norwegian Literary Society 9, Nurses- Self-Government Association ' .[ ,01 Nursing College History ... inn n Nu Sigma Nu 100-101 484 Obsi ervatory 69 Old Main Omega Eta Nu . . -f° Shadow Falls , i? Omega Upsilon Phi , . . !«? Omicron Nu tin ORGANIZATIONS 415J7? Outing with the Girls . ?qq Owre, Dean Alfred . ' ; jqj P Paint and Patches -jr Pan-Hellenic Council f, Passing of the Third Floor Back 750 Pharmacy Building , , Pharmacy College History i , 7 7 Phi Alpha Deka . . . . , ' . ' " ' Phi Beta Kappa t l Phi Beta Pi 520 Phi Ch. , . : . : 86 Phi Delta Chi . , . t l Phi Delta Phi 500 Phi Delta Theta 501 Phi Epsilon Pi . ' Ill Phi Gamma Delta . . ' Jc.i Phi Kappa psi : : 58 Phi Kappa Sigma . . y i Phi Lambda Upsilon ' ' ■ c?? Ph. Omega Pi .. " Phi Rho Sigma ...:.: JH Phi Sigma Kappa . 7°° Phi Sigma Phi . t Phi Upsilon Omicron ... c,i Phihppinesotans , . . IVl Philomathian Literary Society ,4 Physical Education Association 707 Pi Alpha ly Pi Beta Phi 522 Pi Delta Eps.lon . . ' U Pi Kappa Alpha . . iii Pi Lambda Theta I a Pi Tau Sigma ... " 4 Pillars of Society . . " iii PiUsbury Hall Vl fi7 Pillsbury Oratorical Contest . ' . 7 08 Pillsburv Statue ' ° Pinafore J8 Pike Memorial .,.■.■ 553 Play Production Classes ' . 2l Players ' ' ■ ' ' Powell, Louise M .•■■■. 252 Presbyterian Union iV Price. Richard R 566 Psi Omega ' " ' ' " Psi Upsilon . t?? Punchinello ° ■ R 58 Red River Ox Carts ,„ Religious Societies cy ri REPRESENTATIVE MINNESo ' tans Archibald. Jean , , -, Ekiund. Ray , . { i. Greene. Alfred ... ' ° Martineau. Earl . ,fV Piper. Eleanor ; ° Schurr. Erma ... „ Tousley. Albert S „, Williams. Doris Clare . „f R O. T. C. Review 7S8 7«q : 1 • C Summer Camp 290 Rme Team . ■ ' ■ " " Riquiqui " ' ■ Rochester. Minn., IS67 . ' . ' ' . ' . ' ,[][ ] 35 s St. Anthony. 1857 ,,, St. Pats Day . ' ' St. Paul. Minn. ° ' " °P " ' ' 164. 191 St. Paul. Minn. — Cont. Cathedral 173 Commercial District 204 Ibsen Statue 142 Indian Mounds 188 In 1857 130 Old Capitol Building 137 Phalen Park 196 Scabbard and Blade 292 SCENKS OF MINNESOTA 9-24 School of Mines Society 107 Scott, Carlyle M 116 Scroll and Key 309 SENIOR LEADERS Almen, Mildred 326 Andrist. Leonore 324 Bartel. Alice 325 Bohan. James 325 Cross. Helen 325 Mortland, John 326 Neuman. Donald 325 Oster. Frederick 327 Smalley. Ruth 324 Sparks. Florence 3 26 Wiecking. Hermann 3 24 WiUson. Stuart 324 Senior Prom 274 Shevlin Hall 46 Sibley House ... 30 Sigma Alpha Epsilon 464 Sigma Alpha Mu 465 Sigma Alpha Sigma 502 Sigma Chi 466 Sigma Delta Chi 503 Sigma Gamma Epsilon 504 Sigma Kappa 433 Sigma Nu 467 Sigma Phi Epsilon 468 Sigma Rho 490 Sigma Xi 525 Silver Spur 509 Shakope.m Literary Society 310 Skin and Bones 5 54 Ski-U-Mah 241-242 Smith. Ray W 374 Society 272-276 SORORITIES. ACADEMIC 416-434 SORORITIES. PROFESSIONAL 435-442 South Dakota Club 555 Spanish Club 556 Sphinx 469 Sport High Lights of the Past 340 Spring Athletic Carnival. Women ' s 396 Stadium Construction 404 Stadium Day 269 State High School Athletic Champions 384 STATE OF MINNESOTA History 25-3 2 Seal 32 Flower , . 32 Steamboating. I 870 27 S. A. T. C. Days 5 2 Student Baptist Union 567 Student Catholic Association 568 Student Chemists ' Society 411 Student Government 405—414 Student Managers ' Club 372 Sueonis Literary Society 311 Summer Session History 126—1 27 Sunlights 276 Superior National Forest 210 Susquehanna Pit 29 Swimming. Intramural 381 Swimming. Varsity 363-366 Varsity Group 365 Swimming. Women ' s 397 Taft. W. H.. and Cyrus Northrop 43 Tam OShantcr 557 Tau Beta Pi 536 Tau Kappa Epsilon 470 Tau Sigma Delta 526 Tau Upsilon Kappa 558 Taylors Falls. Minn. Devil s Chair 139 Old Man of Dalls 182 Interstate Bridge 183 Technical Commission 412 Tcchno-Log 244-245 Tennis. Intramural 382 Tennis. Varsity 271 Tennis. Women ' s 398 Thalian Literary Society 312 Thcta Chi 471 Theta Delta Chi 472 Theta Epsilon 313 Theta Sigma Phi 440 Theta Tau 491 Theta Xi 473 Torch and Distaff 537 Track. Intramural 378 Track. Varsity 349-353 Records. Minnesota Track and Field 353 Varsity Group 350 Trailers ' Club 403 Treaty of Travers des Sioux 35 Triangle 492 Two Harbors High School Basketball Team . 384 u United States Experimental Station 105 University Choral Society 283 University High School 110 UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA HISTORY 33-64 Dawn of the Greater University 50—54 Denouement: a Greater University 55—56 Dramatis Personae 48-49 Raising of the Curtain 39—41 Sett ing of the Stage 34—38 Years of Rising Action 42-47 University Symphony Orchestra 281 Upsilon Alpha 441 V W X Y Z Vincent. George Edgar 50 Walker. Minn 133 Wesley Foundation 569 White Bear Lake 174-187 White Dragon 527 Williams. Dr. H. L 45 Wing and Bow 559 Winona. Minn 147 Women " M " Winners 389 WOMEN ' S ATHLETICS 386-403 Women ' s Athletic Association 413 Women ' s Athletics ' History 386 Women ' s Athletic Association Seal 388 Women ' s Glee Club 282 Women ' s Self Government Association 414 Wrestling. Varsity 368 Wulling Club 114 WuUing. F. R 113 Xi Psi Phi 493 Xi Sigm.i Pi 538 Yalomed Club 560 Y. M. C. A. Agricultural Campus 572 Main Campus 570 Y. W. C. A. Agricultural Campus 573 Main Campus 571 Zeta Psi 474 Zeta Tau Alpha 434 PRINTED BY HARRISON a SMITH CO , MINNEAPOLIS. MINN ■1. V I I ■ i 1

Suggestions in the University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) collection:

University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1922 Edition, Page 1


University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1923 Edition, Page 1


University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1924 Edition, Page 1


University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1926 Edition, Page 1


University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1927 Edition, Page 1


University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1928 Edition, Page 1


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