University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN)

 - Class of 1920

Page 1 of 510

 

University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1920 Edition, Cover
Cover



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Text from Pages 1 - 510 of the 1920 volume:

S : - •-t; Bui ' 5 -v ' e ' -d 3 f t-.i gg L P ' r ' ' - ' ' --»- « X C j X i -e ? I 1 ■ fp Di Tion B 1 HIS book IS dedicated to the men and Avomen or tne University who have served their country. In its time or greatest peril tney have Avorked and rougnt to estao- lisk forever tke eternal po ver of righteousness. The specter of military domination which has haunted the world tnroughout tne centuries is disappearing m the light of a dawning peace. May the les- son of service no v he the goal of men forever. In their guid- ance lies the future of the University. ::::::::: 1 1 E!l R01L.IL. • • • • •k ■k -k k • • k k k • k k k • k: k • iiriiif OLAF. S. AAMODT BERTRAM L. AANES HAROLD AASE CHRISTOPHER AASLAND JOHN S. ABBOTT THEODORE S. ABBOTT VICTOR B. ABBOTT WALTER J. ABELL WILLIAM S. ABERNATHY EUGENE J. ACKERSON HENRY- ACKLEY FRED G. ACOMB HAROLD L. ACOMB HARRY J. ACTON FRED L. ADAIR CL. RA MAY ADAMS EDWARD P. ADAMS EDWARD H. ADAMS FLOYD R. ADAMS R. L. ADKINS ALLEN H. AHLERO ALLEN T. AGNEW ARTHUR F. AINSLIE GEORGE R. AINSWORTH ROBERT E. AIN ' SWOTH WALTER L. AKERS CHARLES S. ALBERT REUBEN N. ALBINSON ROBERT K. ALCOTT CHARLES H. ALDEN F. WRAY ALDENDERFER HENRY R. ALDRICH DONALD ALDWORTH E. P. ALEXANDER IDA M. ALEXANDER MARK H. ALEXANDER ALVIN C. ALLEN J. R. ALLEN JOHN BURNS ALLEN WILLIAM W. ALLEN R. YMOND C. ALLEY RALPH D. ALLUM RAY M. AMBERG MARK H. AMUNDSEN GEORGE J. ANDERSCH ARTHUR L. ANDERSON ARTHUR K. ANDERSON ARTHUR R. ANDERSON BERT G. ANDERSON CARL A. ANDERSON C. HERBERT ANDERSON CHARLES A. ANDERSON DON S. ANDERSON DOUGLAS G. ANDERSON EDWARD D. ANDERSON EDWARD S. ANDERSON FRANCIS W. ANDERSON FRANK J. ANDERSON GUSTAVE R. ANDERSON HART ANDERSON HILL H. ANDERSON KILLER A. ANDERSON JC SEPH W. ANDERSON JULIUS ANDERSON LESLIE H. ANDERSON . L RVIN A. ANDERSON MAYNARD A. ANDERSON MILTON L. ANDERSON NELS SEVRIN ANDERSON NESTER E. ANDERSON OSCAR ANDERSON PARKER O. ANDERSON RAYMOND W. ANDERSON RUDOLPH H. ANDERSON SAM G. ANDERSON WALFRED A-NDERSON WILHELM S. ANDERSON WINGATE M. ANDERSON FRED ANDERT EINER C. ANDREASSEN LAURENCE J. ANDREWS P. S. ANDREWS ROLLIN C. ANDREWS CARL M. ANDRIST RUBY APPLEBY ALEXANDER ARCHIBALD J. O. J. ARMITAGE GEORGE D. ARMSTRONG JOHN M. ARMSTRONG lOSEPH J. ARMSTRONG VICT(JR S. ARMSTRONG LLOYD O. ARNESON PHILIP ARNET LUCIUS M. ARNOLD HARRY ARNOWITZ RAYMOND E. ARP THOMAS A. ASKEW HORACE H. ATCHISON CHARLES P. ATKINS PIERCE ATWATER HARRY E. ATWOOD C. HOWARD AUGUSTIN ROLF C. AURNESS JACOB F. AVERY JOHN W. AVERY SAM LEE AVIS EAGER M. BABCOCK WILLARD L. BABCOCK CLEVE J. BACKMAN ROMAYNE BACKUS GEORGE I. BADEAUX A. KITTREDGE BAILEY CAMPBELL L. BAILEY PRENTISS S. BAILEY EARLE C, BAILIE ALLEN BAILIFF JAMES D. BAIN LA ROY BAIRD LaROY BAIRD HARRY S. BAKER JAMES H. BAKER MORRIS F. BAKER R. A. BAKER RUSSELL D. BAKER STEPHEN A. BAKAYAR HERMAN E. BAKKEN EARL H. BALCH MYRON BALCH ROBERT M. BALCH JR. CLINTON H. BALDWIN LOUIS B. BALDWIN STEPHEN T. BALDWIN JR. WILLIAM P. BALDWIN CHARLES R. BALL HAMPTON B. BALL JAMES J. BALLENTINE . EARL A. BALLINGER E. BURTON BALLOU CHARLES B. BANG HUGH H. BARBER GEORGE W. BARBO HAROLD M. BARKER GEORGE L. BARNARD DEAN M. BARNES THOMAS H. BARNES VIVIAN H. BARNES CYRUS BARNU.M CLARENCE BARR JOHN H. BARR JOSEPH O. BARRETT MOSES BARRON LYMAN A. BARROWS GERALD F. BARRY C. LEWIS BARTHOLOMEW MARSHALL BARTLETT WALTER BARTLETT W. K. BARTLETT JOHN P. BARTON ALBERT P. BASTON CHARLES F. BATEMAN EDMUND E. B. TES GORDON R. BATES LEON E. BATTLES JANE E. BAUDIN RUBEN B. BAUER STEPHEN H. BAXTER ROBERT P. BAYARD H. C. BAYLESS G. L.-i WHENCE BEACH RALPH B. REAL CECIL C. BEAN A. H. BEARD WILLIAM L. BEARD NEIL E. BEATON VERNON S. BECK A. ENOCH BECKER W.4.RD E. BECKER ZEPHYR C. BEGIN WILLIAM PAUL BEINHORM ARTHUR A. BELIVEAU ERNEST T. BELL J. WARREN BELL LEO P. BELL ROBERT .M. BELL WALLACE A. BELSTROM CLIFFORD O. BEMIS LOUIS M. BENEPE ROBERT S. BENEPE REID F. BENHAM WILLIAM A. BENITT ARTHUR E. BENJAMIN MAC B. BENJAMIN KENNETH BENRUD ARNOLD O. BENSON GEORGE B. BENTON LOREN W. BENTON VALENTINE H. BERENS A. H. BERG LEONARD A. BERG WALTER R. BERG PARKER L. BERGE LOUIS B. BERGESEN OSCAR B. BERGM.A.N DAVID M. BERKMAN BENJAMIN BERKUVITZ EDWIN J. BERKVAM LEWIS O. BERNHAGEN CARL D. BERRY EDWARD H. BERTRAM HOWARD C. BERTRAM FRED V. BEST JOHN C. BETTRIDGE WALTER F. BEYER EUGENE S. BIBB LEWIS W. BICKNELL THOM.AS .M. BIDDLECOMB ALFRED C. BIER-MAN BERN. RD W. BIERMAN GEORGE H. BIERMAN CECIL H. BIGGS EARL M. BILL RALPH O. BILLE WALL M. BILLINGS BIRDEEN BIRKELAND VERN.AN A. BIROL W. W. BISSELL WILLARD W. BIXBY CARL M. BJORN ARTHUR B. BJORNSTAD BENJAMIN D. Bl -VCK KENNETH BLACK N. TH. N B. BL-ACKBURN MILLARD F. BLAIR F. G. BLAKE PHILIP B. BLAKE BERNARD B. BLAKEY ROLAND BLANCHARD HAROLD E. BLANCHETT GEORGE E. BLANCHETTE JOHN D. BLEECKER DONALD J. BLEIFUSS FERDINAND BLEKRE KARL E. BLESER ROLAND C. BLESSLEY OSCAR A. BLIEN • k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k h- ■ 1920 GOPHE.R J f-5f5fjf f f3f)f f3f Ill • • • • • • • • • i 1 HONOM ' 3f3f)♦- f)f 5 j-)f5f 3fif roil.il, F. V. BLISS ARTHlli W. BLODGETT GEORGE H. BLUM JAMES K. BLINT CHARLES J. BOGKLER JAMES H. BOCKLER CHARLES T. BOEHNLEIN GEORGE W. BOHL GEORGE H. ROLAND ERICK E. BOLIN ALFRED E. BELLUM SIGVARD EtOLSTAD HAZEL BOWESS CLINTON R. BOO GEORGE C. BOOBAR W. L BOOTH BY ERIC T. W. BOQUIST CLIFFORD S. BORAEN CLIFFORD A. BOREEN EGBERT J. BORGESON CLARENCE A. BORNKAMP BALDWIN BORRESON HAROLD L. BORST LEIGH C. BOSS ERNEST F. BOSTROM CLARENCE BOTSVIDSON A. SALVATORE BOVINO GEORGE K. BOWDEN J. CHARLES BOWE HAROLD S. BOWEN STACY A. BOWING CHARLES M. BOVLBY ALLEN T. BOX JR. MORRIS L. BOXELL ARTHUR J. BOYCE ELLSWORTH R. BOYCE JOHN H. BOYD H. L. BOYER FRANCIS A. BOYLAN JAMES D. BOYLE RALPH R. BOYLES ANDREW J. BOYUM GEORliE W. BRACE CYRIL BRACKENBURG HERRICK BRADLEY WALTER H. BRADLEY GALE B. BRAITHWAITE G. FOREST BRAITHWAITE HENRY A. BRANDTJEN LEON T. BRANHAM MARK BRATAAS ARTHUR F. BRATRUD THEODOR BRATRUD RAGNAR BRATT SHIRLEY BRAYTON LOUIS B. BRECHET FRED L. BRECEL BOZETCH C. BREN LESTER L. BRENNAN JOHN L. BRENNEN DONALD BREWSTER CECIL H. BRIGGS KENNETH BRIGGS MARY G. BROCKWAY VERE H. BRODERICK WALTER D. BRODIE MARTIN J. BRODKICK WILLIAM J. BRODRICK H. S. BRONSON F. CLEMENT BROOBERG HAROLD L. BROOKS FRANK N. BROOKS LESLIE C. BROOKS ERNES T. BROS ROBERT W. BROSE EDWARD O. BROWN JR. FLOYD W. BROWN FRANK 11. UROWN CARFIKLl) tt . BROWN GEORGE L. BROWN HOIT S. BROWN MINOT J. BROWN PAUL F. BROWN RAY A. BROWN STANLEY K. BROWN MALCOLM T. BROWN THOMAS W. BROWN OTTO E. BROWNELL HJALMAR N. BRU( E FREDERICK BUI CHHnl.Z HENRY V. BRIICHHOLZ FRANK L. BRUNKOW K. EDWARD BRl NSDALE CARL F. BRUSH LEONARD C. BRUSLETTEN ERWIN F. BRUSS HARRY BRYAN CARPENTER F. BUCK DONALD H. BUCKHOUT J. EDWIN BUEHLER J. RAYMOND BUFFINGTON OSCAR L. BUHR C. P. BULL ELMER R. BllLLIS EVERARD J. BULLIS HERMAN C. BUMPUS PAUL F. BUNCE FRANK E. BURCH JOHN E. BURCHARD JR. CHARLES E. BURESCH HIR. M A. BURG LESTER H. BURG IRA H. BURHAUS HENRY J. BURICH EUGENE E. BURKE HAROLD V. BURNETT GEORGE BURNS HERBERT A. BURNS WENDELL T. BURNS JAMES S. BURRIL PAUL C. BURRIL CHARLES M. BURTON JOHN H. BURWELL E. B. BUSH SPENCER L. BUSTER A. M. BUSWELL CALVIN E. BUSWELL KARL P. BUSWELL OLIVER J. BUSWELL DANA L. BUTCHART ELLIS J. BUTCHART JAMES E. BUTCHART JOHN BUTLER LEO BUTLER WILLIAM W. BUTLER ARCHIBALD B. BUTTER C. FORREST BlITTERWORTH RUSSEL I. BUTTFRWORTH EDMUND L. BUTTS PAUL H. BYERS SWAN OTTO BY LUND WILLIAM A. BYRNES v VERNE S. CABOT HARRY CADWELL HARRY C. CADY KENNETH S. CALDWELL HERBERT C. CALLSEN DONALD F. CAMERON W. ROSS CAMERY EDWARD A. CAM.MACK HOWARD CAMMACK WALTER E. CAMP ARCHIE H. CAMPBELL ARTHUR ROSS CAMPBELL CARL C. CAMPBELL DANIEL RAY CA.MPBELL FRANK C. CAMPBELL LORNE A. CAMPBELL LORNE M. CAMPBELL JR. HARRY E. CANFIELD RAYMOND W. CANNON HOWARD B. CANT CHARLES P. CANTIENY LEO W. C. PSER DONALD W. CAPSTICK DELBERT R. CARD WILLIAM N. CAREY FRANK H. CARLETON ARCHIE H CARLSON ARTHUR CARLSON BERTHEL R. CARLSON CARL C. CARLSON CARL J. CARLSON CHAUNCY M. CARLSON HANPHYR T. CARLSON LOWELL H. CARLSON THORGNY C. CARLSON NORRIS K. CARNES CHARLES E. CARNEY OSCAR L. CARNEY CHARLES L. CAHON JAMES E. CARR RAE T. CARROL PAUL CARROLL JAMES CARSON CLARENCE E. GARY ALEXANDER CASADY CARLOS C. CASE GERALD F. CASE RUFUS CASEL THOMAS J. C.ASSIDY JOHN J. CATLIN F. DALE CERVERY LEWIS O. CHALFANT HERBERT C. CHAMBERLAIN RAY C. CHAMBERS BARTON H. CH.yiN GEORGE G. CHAPIN HAROLD S. CHAPIN EDWIN H. CHAPMAN FRED L. CH.-VPMAN FRED R. CHAPMAN JAMES E. CHAPMAN WENDEL P. CH. PMAN CLARENCE C. CHASE HENRY W. CHASE STILLMAN C. CHASE WILLIS H. CHASE WILLIAM E. CH TF1ELD ALBERT J. CHESLEY HARRY B. CHILD SHERMAN W. CHILD GEORGE H. CHILD FREEMAN E. CHILTON LEO W. CHILTON MARTIN B. CHITTICK WILLIAM M. CHOWNING EDMUN P. CHRISTIANSEN JONAS J. CHRISTENSEN ARTHUR E. CHRISTGAU ANDREW CHRISTIANSEN C. R. CHRISTIANSEN G. W. CHRISTI ANSON DONALD R. CHRISTIE ROBERT I.. CHRISTIE WARREN N. CHRISTOPHER GEORGE M. CHRISTILAW EDWARD J. CINCERA J.AMES T. CL. NCY JOHN F. CLANCY FRANK C. CLAPP FRED E. CLARK GORDON M. CLARK HAROLD L. CI« RK HARHV B. CLARK HARRY E. CLARK HOW RD E. CLARK GORDON J. CLARK KENNETH CLARK MARY W. CLARK ROBERT H. CLARK GEORGE B. CLARKE NORMAN CL. USSEN R. Y L. CL. Y HAROLD F. CLEARY DILL CLE.MENTS WALTER R. CLEVELAND FRANK CLEWORTH EARL CLIFF RALPH E. CLIFFORD ROBERT A. CLYBORNE ROBERT L. COBB CHARLES COBURN NELSON F. COBURN PAUL B. COCKRAN MONCRIEF M. COCKRAN LESLIE L. CODE CLARENCE S. COE EDWARD H. COE EVERETT A. COE CLAUDE C. COFFEY LOTUS D. COFFMAN JULIUS .M. COHEN -K -K -f: -K -K -K -K -K -K I920 GOPHEIR Jf ) - )f )f f if jf hi • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • [iiii ' iiifl E!!il • - c- ;-K- t -K-K )f3f)f5fjf)f: 3f)4.:,(.if3 3f ic ROLiLi • • ir • • • • • • • • • • JOSEPH T. COHEN- WAYNE J. COLAHAN DONALD H. COLBY CHARLES W. COLE HAYDN S. COLE LOLUS E. COLE ROBERT A. COLE WALLACE COLE CHESTER L. COLEMAN CHARLES COLEMAN F. W. B. COLEMAN ALLEN D. COLLETTE SAM G. COLLINS HERBERT O. COLLINS LOUIS L. COLLINS ORA COLLITON JAMES A. COLVIN LLOYD W. COLEMAN H. C. COM. FORD EDMUND E. COMARTIN JOHN W. COMSTOCK THEODORE U. CONE JOHN E. CONNELL CHARLES E. CONNOR MILTON CONOVER GEORGE M. CONSTANS GEORGE W. COOK PAUL B. COOK RICHARD R. COOK WILFORD C. COOK W. L. COOPER WALTER W. COOPER WILLIAM A. COPEL. ND FRANK J. CORBETT ELNER H. CORDS CADY S. CORE ALBERT D. CORNIEA MARY E. CORNISH BENJAMIN I. CORSON J. H. COSGROVE HAROLD C. COSTELLO EDWARD D. J. COUGHLAN HALSTEAD P. COUNCILMAN DONALD F. COUNTRYMAN MARCELLUS L. COUNTRYMAN ROGER S. COUNTRYMAN CHARLES H. COUPLIN EMILY C. COVERT VERN L. COWAN HAROLD L. COWELL CARL C. COWIN PERCY G. COWIN RICHARD F. COX LEO MI CRAFTS DAVID STEWART CRAIG HARDIN CRAIG JOHN J. CRAIG EUGENE C. CRANE FREMONT CRANE LEO M. CRAFTS EDWARD B. CRAVEN JAMES N. CRAWFORD MATTHEW I). CRAWFORD KEITH S. CRAWLEY RALPH H. CREIGHTON HARRY E. CRIBBE GEORGE CRIPPEN WILLIAM CRISP MARY CRISSMAN LOUIS CRITTENDEN ELMER J. CROFT WILLIAM P. CROLLEY LLOYD M. CROSCROVE HOLLIS A. CROSS DAN. R. CROSWELL THOMAS L. CROSWELL BRONSON CROTHERS WILLIAM G. CRUMLEY LOUIS CRUTTENDEN ROY E. CRUZEN JAMES L. CULHANE RICHARD A. CULLUM GORDON J. CUMMINGS JOSEPH E. CUMMINGS THOMAS S. CUMMINGS JAMES M. CURRAN PAUL R. CURRENT PAUL M. CURRIE E, BENHAM CURRY FRED A. CUTLER MARY E. CUTLER EDWARD B. CUTTER CHARLES P. CUTTING J. HOLDEN CUVELLIER CASPER DAHL HENRY C. DAHL HILBERT A. DAHL MELVIN C. DAHL WILHELM DAHL WILLIAM DAHL ANDREW H. DALHBERC ARTHUR F. DAHLBERG OKE DAHLBERG CHESTER D. DAHLE CLARENCE A. DAHLE HARRY W, DAHLEEN GUSTAF W. DAHLQUIST JOHN E. DAHLQUIST WILLIAM J. DAILEY CHARLES M. DALE FLORENCE DALE WALTER L. DALEN ERNEST C. DALEY DANIEL M. DALLEY ALBERT T. DANAHER CARLETON M. DANE HAROLD J. DANE ROYDEN S. DANE OTTO L. DANEK LEWIS M. DANIELS FRANC P. DANIELS CHARLES E. DARLING WALTER H. DARLING IVAN H. S. DART VICTOR A. DASH MYRON R. DASSETT MURRAY T. DAVENPORT RAYMOND L. DAVIDSON FRED A. DAVIES CHARLES H. DAVIS DONALD M. DAVIS HAROLD G. DAVIS J. BENIGHT DAVIS LLOYD T. DAVIS R. DeLANCY DAVIS VERNON J. DAVIS J. J. DAVY ROLAND W. DAVY CHARLES A. DAWSON JOHN W. DAWSON KINGSLEY DAY MARCUS DAY PERRY L. DEAN THEODORE DeBOER HENRI T. DE BOOY KARL DEDOLPH THEODORE DEDOLPH ROBERT L. DEERING LELAND L. De FLOU CARLOS W. DEL PLAINE RUDOLPH W. DELTON FRANK L. De MARS STEWART A. De MARS LEO De MOULLY HENRY M. DENNIS RICHARD C. DENNIS WARREN A. DENNIS CHARLES M. DENN ' Y A. V. DESJARDINS ROBERT W. De VEAU ALLEN C. DEWARS MURRAY W. DEWART RUPERT C. DEWEY KENNETH DICKINSON ALBERT DICKSON ROBERT H. DICKSON WILLIAM A. DICKSON CALEB H, DIDRIKSEN PHILIP H. DIDRICKSEN HAROLD S. DIEHL JOHN G. DILL EVERETT M, DIRKSEN DONOVAN R. DIVET PAUL B. DIX F. WAYNE DOANE JOSEPH J. DOBIE HAROLD J. DODDS CHARLES H. DOE HENRY J. DOERMAN HENRY DOERR JR. WILLARD DOERR ROGER P. DOLIFF STACY DOLLENMAYER ABNER J. DONAGHUE GEORGE DONALD FR. NK A. DONALDSEN WILLIAM T. DONALDSON F. D. DONOHUE JOHN N. DONOHUE PHILIP T. DONOHUE JOHN J. DONOVAN JAMES LAWRENCE DOPP RICHARD I, DORGE K. C. DORSETT ERNEST DORSEY JOHN G. DORSEY JAMES EMMETT DOUGHERTY ADDISON H. DOUGLASS H. L. DOUGLASS ADOPH DOVRE WILLIAM G. DOW LYNWOOD G. DOWNS MARTIN W. DOYLE CHARLES B. DRAKE CHARLES W. DREW L. G. PERRY DRUSCHEL JOHN B DUCKSTAD ARTHUR B. DUDGEON PAUL R. DUDLEY RAY V. DUFFY HADYN O. DUKE JOHN F. DULEBOHN RO.MEO C. DUM. S EUGENE DUNHAM ROY O. DUNHAM W. CLIFFORD DUNHAM BE.NJAMIN F. DUNN FRANK D. DUNN JAMES N. DUNN L. HAI.BERT DUNN MARSHALL L. DU.NN P. TRICK M. DUNN PAUL H. DUNNAVAN MERTON H. DUNNICAN E. D. DURAND JAY I. DURAND LUIGI DURANTI GUSTAVUS M. DURDEN DANA W. Dl TOIT CHARLES W. DWAM WILLIAM S. DWAM PETER A. DWARSKY BURT A. DYAR HOWARD DYKMAN JAMES EVERETT DYSON OBADIAH EAMES CHARLES D. EAST DAN.V .M. EASTON WILLIAM T. EBERLEIN SOL. B. EBERT EVERETT E. ECKENBECK LAWRENCE R. ECKMAN HJALMAR ECLOV HENRY L. ECTON HORACE T. EDDY DAVID E. EDELSTEIN DONALD E. EDGAR JAMES D. EDGAR GEORGE W. EDGERTON KARL A. EDGERTON ALLEN W. EDSON JOHN EDWIN FRANK M. EGAN JOHN K. EGAN WILLIAM H. EGAN W, TLER A. EGGE HOWARD E. EICHINGER G. ALBIN EK CLIFFORD T. EKELUND CONRAD L. EKLUND CARL E. EKMAN - i -»r - -K -k -K ISaO COPHELR y yi- H- n- yk- nk- yk- yi- yi- Rnor • • • I • ■k • • • • HONOR ' K.OIL.L, — If IIKNKY K. FLDER HKI.I) K.l DREDGE THOMAS F. KLERBE AXEL E. EI.ESTRUM HENRY K. ELDER CHARLES V. ELLIOTT EDWIN E. ELLIOTT DONALD IL ELLISON KENNETH ELLISON EAKl. A. ELLSWORTH ROBERT T. ELWELL ROBERT H. ELY ELOYD H. EMERY ARTIH K E. ENERSON RAYMOND C. ENCAN EDWARD H. ENGBERG WILSON F. ENGEL ELMER E. ENGELBERT ABE L. EPSTEIN CHARLES E. ERDMAN ' N EDGAR ERDMANN CARL I. ERICKSON ELMER ERICKSON WALTER ]. ERICKSON EDWIN G. ERLANDSON OMAR E. ERNSTER ANDREW ERSTAD JOSEPH ERWIN JOSEPH B. ESTABROOK GLENN W. EUSTIS IRVING N. EL ' STIS RUSSELL C. EUSTIS LLOYD EVANS M. TEDD EVANS CLIFFORD A. EVENSON CHARLES V. EVERETT HUBER EVERETT WILLIAM R. EVERETT JAMES W. EVERINGTON JOHN L. EVERLOF EARL EVLETH EINAR A. EVJEN NELSON EWART JOSEPH P. FAAS GEORGE L. FABER TRACY F . FAIRCHILD ARTHUR FALK HAROLD N. FALK GERTRUDE FALKENHAGEN RUSSELL S. FALLGATTER R. B. FANNING DONALD C. FARLEY RUSSELL M. FARNHAM KARL FASTENAU N. ALDEN FAUS FRANK C. FAUDE GUY S. FAVOR EDWARD J. FEARING CHARLES FEE E. FRANKLIN FEE ELMER T. FECAN RAYMOND C. FENLASON AARON J. FENCH GEORGE C. FERCH JAMES C. FERGUSON W. J. FERGUSON GLENN S. FERRELL DANFORTH W. FIELD PETER FIELD CLIFFORD B. FINLEY JOSEPH E. FINLEY DEAN S. FIKTH EARL II. FISCHER RICHARD FISCHER ROBKKT M. FISCHER CARL FISCHER HAROLD M. FITCH HARRY N. FITCH JAMES E. FITZGERALD JOHN FITZGERALD VINCENT FITZGERALD WILLIAM J. FITZGERALD JOHN FLANAGAN c;HARI.ES H. FLANDERS MILO G. FLATEN AGNES FLEMMING DOU ;l.AS R. FLEMING EDWVRD H FLEURY CHARLES A. ELINN PAUL A. FLINN FRANK FLOM FRANCIS E. ELYNN FRANKLIN E. FOBES CARL H. FllLKERS WARKEN FOOTE GUY STANTON FORD W. J. FORD DONALD M. FORFAR CARL E. FORSBERG ENOCK E. FORSBERG PETER W. FORSBERG BURTON E. FORSTER SAMUEL T. FORSYTE HARRY G. FORTUNE CYRIL C. FOSS JOHN C. FOSTER V. BRAINBRIDGE FOSTER MILO P. FOX GENE K. FRANCIS OLIVER T. FRANCIS VINAL B. FRANCIS HARRY FRANK ELDEN J. FRANK GEORGE B. FRANKFORTER FRANCIS C. FRARY HOBART D. FRARY DONALD E. ERASER GEORGE FRASER JOHN G. FRAYNE FRANK H. FRAWLEY MARC W. FRAZER CASPER T. FREDRICKSON CLYDE H. FREDRICKSON CHARLES F. FREEMAN GEORGE F. FREEMAN THEODORE W. FREEMAN PAUL W. FRENZEL WALTER FRESTEDT ALFRED J. FREUDENFELD FLOYD M. FRIAR EARLE J. FRISBEE ABRAHAM FRISCH IRVING M. FRISCH SAM FRISCH FRANK FROLIK W nil M S. FROST AMBROSE FULLER CHARLES A. FULLER FLOYD H. FULLER HARRISON FULLER FRED N. FURBER W. S. FURLOW KENNETH CABLE LESTER H. GADSBY JOSEPH P. GAINOR BERNARD J. GALAGHER SAMUEL GALE WALTER P. GAMBLE EDWARD M. CANS JOHN P.GANSSLE GEORGE E. CANZKOW RALPH J. GARBER GEORGE J. GARCEAU CARRY P. (;ARL0UGH LESLIE GARLOUGH IRA B. GARTHUS ALFRED W. GAUGER SELMER D. GAUSEMEL FREDERICK H. GATES RUSSELL GATES CARL L. GAVER LAURENCE T. GAVIN A RUSSELL GAYLORD R II1ERT M. (;AYL0RD WILLI I CEARDIN DONALD D. GEDDES MATHIAS GEDNEY EVERETT K. GEER PRENTISE S. GEER JAMES C, GEGGIE GEORGE A. GEIB EMIL S. GEIST HAROLD C. CENTER DAVID W. GEORGE ARTHUR C, GERLACH HENRY C. (;ERLACH JR. CHARLES ( ERMO J MES T. CEROl LD TliERON (;ero WILLIAM CERRISH HENRY J. CERTH (iI.EN A. (;ESSEL PETER T. (iEYERMAN EITHER L. (ilBBON MAURICE S. (;IBSON MILTON G. GIESE PML W. (MESSI.ER LHN M. (.ILBERT DONALD I). GILBERT HOWARD F. GILBERT LEO S. (ilLBERT TERENCE W. GILBERT WAYNE C. GILBERT ALBERT T. (ULBERTSON HANS R. GILBERTSON DONALD GILCHRIST CHESTER A. (ilLE ROBERT B. GILE FRANCIS GILKEY JOSEPH F. GILLACK CHARLES W. CILLEN HAROLD W. GILLEN PAUL S. GILLESPIE NEWTON M. GILLET JAY E. GILLFILLAN CHARLES L. GILMAN E. DOW GILMAN D.VVID M. GILTINAN GEORGE M. GILTINAN WILLIAM GINSBERG CORWIN E. GIPSON GEORGE GIRRBACH W ILLIAM T. GLE. SON EDWIN F. GLENN G. C. CLICK GEORGE R. GLOTFELTER FREDERICK S. GLOVER JAMES R. GLYNN KENNETH A. GODWIN RALPH L. GOETZENBERGER LOUIS W. GOLDBERG ABE J. GOLDMAN PAUL M. COLDSBOROUGH HOFF D. GOOD DAVID S. GDODE DELMER M. GOODE ALLEN L. GOODMAN ISAAC GORDIN BEAUFORT M. GORDON GEORGE T. GORHAM ANNA GOSiVL N HAROLD LE ROY GOSS WILLIAM GOSS DAVID P. GOTLIEB EDWARD S. GOULD ORRIN E. GOULD ARTHUR S. COW RUDOLPH CRABOW R. VIRGIL GRACE RALPH D. GRACIE PHILIP GRAHAM CHARLES L. GRANDIN JR. WILLIAM W. GRANDIN BLANCH GRAND MAITRE ALFRED S. GRANT ELOYD GRAVE HENRY N. (;RAVEN J. HOWARD (;RAVEN ARTHUR E. GRAWERT GEORGE A. GRAY JOHN H. GRAY ROBERT H. GRAY cl KNN H. GREAVES J. PERCY GREAVES W MI Ell N. CKKXZA MOI(liI (.HI.IMIERG E I HI 1 I E, (.REENE HERBERT E. GREENE RALPH A. GREENMAN ALLEN J. GREER CHARLES W. GREER PAUL B. CREIC Pll ' lllll lii.i4 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • c -r - c -K -K -K - f - f - t I920 COPHE-R if 3«- )f 3f 3 - if if llllli ' llll cr • • • • • -k • it • • • • • M M M - ■¥■ - -¥: M -¥ OSCAR F. GREINER WALTER E. GROMPLER B RNEY GREZCA FREDERICK GRIEBENOW HERBERT M. GRIFFIN O. HAROLD GRIGGS DAVID GRIMES 1 L. GRINDELAND BERNAD D. GROGAN . O. GROSS ROBERT M. GROSSBECK BJARNE E. GROTTUM ROBERT W. GROW ARNOLD P. GRUENHAGEN CLAYTON A. GUENTHER NEWELL I. GUERNSEY CHARLES F. GUGGISBERG NDRE O. GUIMONT GLENN GULLICKSON GEORGE P. GURLEY CARL W.GUSTAFSON CHARLES R. GUSTAFSON GRANVILLE GUTTERSON MILTON E. GUTTERSON R LPH C. HABBERSTAD JACOB JOHN HADLER WALTER G. HAERTEL WILLIAM F. HAGERMAN M. E. HAGGERTY CHARLES F. HAGLIN JR. EDWARD HAGLIN WELLINGTON W. HALDEMAN HOWARD N. HAINES EVERETT H. HALE QUINCY HALE WILLIAM H. HALE JOHN A. HALGREN A. R. HALL CARL I. HALL FRANK E. HALL HALLAN ROBERT HALL JOSEPH M. HALL LEVI M. HALL ROBERT A. HALL ROBERT P. HALL CHARLES A. HALLBERG WALTER H. HALLORAN H LVOR ORIN HALVERSON J. H. HALVORSON MARK F. HAMILTON S WHITTEN HAMILTON WALLACE E. HAMILTON GEORGE B. HAMLIN F UGUST HAMMARGREN R GNER F. HAMMARSTEN GEORGE E. HAMMER A. HORTllN HAMMOND JOHN M. HAMMOND J T. HAMMOND LA.WRENCE D. HAMMOND ■SRAY E. HAMMOND PAUL G. H AMPLE WALLACE W. HANKINS CLARENCE HANLEY FRANKLIN B. HANLEY DEMMING L. HANNAFORD FREDERICK J. HANNAH JOHN R. B. HANNAY CLIFFORD F. HANNSEN LeROY HANSBERGER c ii li li J. HANSEN I l;l IM. W . HANSEN II l:l C, HANSEN HAROLD N. HANSEN HERBERT V. HANSEN EJiGENE B. HANSON HAROLD S. HANSON J. B. HANSON JOHN HARKNESS CHARLES L. HARLAN PAUL M. HARMER SIDNEY E. HARMON MALACHI HARNEY HO i-jo:i . " ' 7 " ' ; - )f ' ' ) ' ' ' y " _ ' jnj HARRY D. HARPER STANLEY J. HARLER JERRY A. HARRI CHARLES W. HARRIS GEORGE HARRIS G. ERSKINE HARRIS HAROLD R. HARRIS LESLIE HARRIS ROGER S. HARRIS WARREN L. HARRIS FLORENCE HARRISON GLADYS HARRISON MLLIAM T. HARRISON H. Mac HARSHAW JAMES FOWLER HART HENRY E. HARTIG JOHN C. HARTIGAN HENRY W. HARTLE EVERETT C. HARTLEY JAMES L. HARTNEY M. L. HARTNEY ABRAHAM 1. HASKELL E. DUDLEY HASKELL JOHN L. HASKINS FRANK A. HASS HARRY A. HASS WILLIAM C. HASS WILLIAM L. HASSETT ROBERT HASTINGS J MES G. HATFIELD GEORGE J. HATHAWAY fWL W. HATHAWAY OSCAR W. HAUCK HAROLD A. HAUENSTEIN LM BIT . ;. HAUGEN M 1 Ml l; II 11GEN (.1 iilK.I II UGSTEN OLOlit.L UAUSER KENNETH D. HAUSER LOUIS A. HAUSER LUDWIG J. HAUSER RUPERT V. HAUSER VICTOR P. HAUSER W LTER S. HAUSER HENRY W. HAVERSTOCK PERCIVAL H. HAWES CHARLES C. HAWKE R. WAYNE HAWKINS CARL M. HAWKINSON JOHN B. HAWLEY HENRY J. HAWLISH ROBERT B. HAWORTH JUNIOR HAYDEN JAMES A. HAYNES CHARLES L. HAYES JAMES M. HAYES FRANKLIN H. HAYNER FRANCIS R. HAYNES FREDERICK E. HAYNES MANLEY H. HAYNES NEIL C. HEAD HOLLAND C. HEADLEY WILLIAM B. HEAGGERTY RAY T. HEALEY KENNETH C. HEALY LAURENCE W. HAYWARD JOSEPH E. HEARD DONALD C. HEATH HOWARD V. HEATH AXEL E. HEDBACK ERNEST AXEL HEDENSTROM FRANK G. HEDENSTROM CHARLES S. HEDWALL WILLIS I. HEIBERG MERLIN F. HEILIG CLARENCE P. HELLIWELL ARTHUR R. HELM LEXANDER HELMICK DANIEL S. HELMICK ALBERT R. HELMING RAYMOND L. HENDERSON GILBERT HENllRK.KSON NORMAN E. HENDRICKSON WILLIAM HOWARD HENGSTLER FOREST F. HENKEL RICHARD F. HENNESSEY A. T. HENRICI MYRON O. HENRY RAYMOND R. HENRY ROMANE F. HENTGES CLARENCE E. HERMANN HILMAR HERMANSON MYRON T. HERREID OSCAR HERSETH WILLIAM HESSE PERCIVAL HETHERTON MAURICE W. HEWETT EDWIN H. HEWITT NEIL V. HEWITT W ALTER B. HEYLER SIDNEY B. HAYWOOD FRANCIS HICKEL REED G. HICKERSON WILLIAM C. HICKS JULIUS A. HIELSCHE R WILLIAM HIGBURG RAYMOND L, HIGGINS ANDREW W. HILGER HARRY H. HILL LEONARD J. HILL CHRISTIAN HILLEBOE HAROLD CHESTER HILLMANN YALE D. HILLS CHARLES M. HIMEL JR. KENNETH W. HINKS WALTER C. HINMAN ARNOLD F. HINRICHS LEO HIRSCHFIELD HAROLD M. HITCHCOCK HARRY M. HJERMASTAD JOHN B. HOAG WILLIAM T. HOARD ARTHUR HODGMAN A. W. HODGMAN FRANK C. HODGSON OSCAR M. HODNETT RALPH M. HODNETT HAROLD C. HOEL JOHN L. HASKIN WILLIAM REYNOLD HOESE MAGDA HOFF MAX H. HOFFMAN .MICHAEL J. HOFFMAN WILLIAM L. HOFFMAN HERBERT A. HOGLUND ADOLF E. HOITOMT FRANK H. HOLDHUSEN ROGER M. HOLE LAWRENCE I. HOLEN OSCAR M. HOLEN JOSEPH C. HOLGER NEWTON E. HOLLAND GEORGE M. HOLLENBECK WILLIAM WALLACE HOLLEY MYRTLE HOLLO GEORGE A. HOLM GEORGE E. HOLM JAMES L. HOL-MAN VALENTINE C. HOLMER DONALD S. HOLMES F. LINCOLN HOLMES LOWELL L. HOLMES RTHUR HOLMQUIST BENJAMIN HOLSTAD BUDD A. HOLT GEORGE A. HOLT ARTHUR G. HOMSTINE FREDERICK W. HOORN WILLIAM F. HOPPE JOHN HUNTINGTON R.- YMOND H. HORN ARTHUR E. HORSTKOTTE HARVEY S. HOSHOUR FRANK P. HOSTERMAN ROBERT W. HOTCHKISS ELTING W. HOUGHTALING ROLF HOVDE ROY M. HOW • • • • • • • • • • • • He. -Jc-K - c {920 GOPHER )f) )f)f) t» )f)f f ' Will U I llllll • • • • • • • • • • • • ROIL IL. FRANK B m h i:hE(;k KKKDtmCK HinnARD HF.RKKKT HI HKARl) JOHN D. HlBBARl) ARTHl R C. HlBBKI.l. DONALD K. HUDSON RI.SSE1.I. C, HUESTIS HAROLD G. HUEY HALLAN L. HUFFMAN WALTER L HM(;HES GEORGE A. HULT JOEL C. HL LTKRANS ARTHUR G. HULTSTRAND GEORGE V. HIMPHREY ALLAN S. HUMPHREYS ELON 0. HI:NTINGT0N JOHN J. HUNTINGTON JOHN A. HUNTSINGER CHARLES E. HUNTTING JAMES G. HUNTTING CECIL C. HURD MARK M. HURD VERNON K. HURD FRANK W. HURLEY MICHAEL B. HURLEY W ILLIAM W. HURST ARTHUR R. HUSTAD JOHN C. HUSTAD CHARLES J. HUTCHINSON GORDON E. HYDE FRED S. IDTSE GEORGE H. ILSE LEONARD M. INGEBRITSEN DIXIE INGERSOLL DONALD INGERSOLL WILLIAM INGEMANN HORACE D. IRISH FRANK H. IRWIN HARRY A. IRWIN LEO A. ISAACS WILLIAM F. ITTNER CLARENCE J. IVERSON SAMUEL G. IVERSON HUBERT JAAX RAYMOND F. JAAX JEROME JACKSON ARTHUR R, JACOBS MILTON A. JACOBSEN OSCAR T. JACOBSEN ROLFE P. JACOBSEN ALBERT S. JACOBSON C. RAYMOND JACOBSON HOWARD C. JACOBSON tt ATLER I.. JACOBSON EDWARD M. JAEGER FRANCIS JAEGER WILLIAM F. JAHN MICHAEL M. JALMA EDGAR JAMES HARRY C. JAMES JR. WILLIAM H. JAMES EDDIS E. JANES LAWRENCE JAQLIES ROBERT JACQUES ARCHIE W. JARDINE PAl L JAROSCAK ;. ELMER JENNINGS JOSEPH A. JENSEN MILTON JENSEN SlIiNKY W. JENSEN CHESTER W. JENSEN JOHN I). JENSWOI.D W. ROSCOE J EPSON ROY M. JERNALL RALSTON JERRARD WALTHER J. JERRARD FRANK F. JEWETT E. JEROME JOHNS ALBERT W. JOHNSON ALM D. JOHNSON ARTHUR W. JOHNSON AXEL C. JOHNSON B. FILMORK loHNSON C. ARTHl R JOHNSON CARL A. JOHNSON CARL J. JOHNSON CHARLES S. JOHNSON CONRAD G. JOHNSON DARRELL E. JOHNSON EINAR A. JOHNSON E. E. JOHNSON ELMO R. JOHNSON ERNEST L. JOHNSON EREIl W. JOHNSON MilTZ JOHNSON HAKR A. JOHNSON HARRY N. JOHNSON HARRY W. JOHNSON HARVEY JOHNSON HENRY (;. JOHNSON HENRY L. JOHNSON HORACE JOHNSON LENARD L. JOHNSON NORMAN P. JOHNSON NORRIS M. JOHNSON OSCAR J. JOHNSON OSCAR S. JOHNSON PERRY N. JOHNSON RUBEN A. JOHNSON ROY S. JOHNSON ROY M. JOHNSON RUSSELL V. JOHNSON VIVIAN W. JOHNSON WALTER M. JOHNSON WILLIAM C. JOHNSON RALPH E. JOHNSTON CARL F. JONES EARLE B. JONES EDWIN F. JONES E. MENDELSSOHN JONES GEORGE R. JONES HAROLD M. JONES IVOR V. JONES NOHRIS C. JONES ROBERT A. JONES R. C. JONES WALTER A. JONES S ILLIAM M. JONES DANFORTH G. JOOSTE M. M, JORDAN PETER JORGENSEN ALFRED M. JOYCE FLOYD E. JOYCE TAYLOR M. JOYNER E. STARR Jl DD ANTONE W. JULIEN A. J. JUMER ARTHUR H. JUNI CHARLES H. JUSTER DAY II) W. JUSTICE CARL A. JUVRUD DAVID KADESKY CHARLES B. KAERCHER A. J. KAESS RAYMOND S. KAIN SEEMON KAPLAN JOHN P. KARPEN ABRAHAM B. KAPPLIN CYRUS S. KAUFMAN EDWARD H. KEATING ANDREW P. KEEEE HYROLD C. KEEN HI RY . KEHNE III Mil IS M, KEl.EHAN H Y IONIl KELLERMAN Hi NK A. KELLEY KKNNKIH E. KELLEY RODNEY F. KELLEY W II 1 lAM S. KELLEY DKI.OS H. KELLOGG LYMAN M. KELLS CHARLES F. KELLY EARL W. KELLY FR NK S. KELLY JR. Ill K R. KELLY ROHERr W. KELLY C R1 ETON (.. KEI.SEV H, SKWVRII KKMPTON WII.LIYM 1. KEMPTON HERBERT G. KENAGV CASTEI.I.O KENDALL D. MATTHEW KENDALL JOHN C. KENDALL ROGER L. KENNEDY THOMAS D. KENNEDY TODD A. KENNEDY WALTER J. KENNEDY WALTER J. KENNEDY WILLIAM A. KENNEDY W. HUBERT KENNEDY ROBERT H. KENNICOTT FRANK A. KENT PAUL E. KENYON PAUL KERFOOT JAMES W. KFRNAN CHARLES D. KERR RUSSEL KERR ERNEST B. KESTER WESLEY KEYS ROLAND G. KEYWORTH BEN KIENHOLZ GEORGE A. KIMBALL MERRITT P. KIMBALL HARVEY M. KINCH BARTON B. KING C. P. KING FOREST V. KING GEORGE L. KING HAROLD R. KING STAFFORD KING FlUANCIS B. KINGSBURY D. PAUL KINGSLEY NEIL S. KINGSLEY KEITH KINNEY LEONARD KINSELL IVAN J. KIPP R. C. KIRKPATRICK WILLIAM KIRKPATRICK LORENZ KISOR GORDON KISSOCK OLAF KITTELSON FRANCIS R. KITZMANN RAY C. KIVLEY HANS O. KJOMME CARL H. KLAEEKE EDGAR W, KLEFFMAN GEORGE F. KLEIN ARTHUR A. KLEINSCHMIDT OSCAR M. KLINGEN PAUL E. KLOPSTEG RALPH A. KNAPP ARTHUR L. KNAUF ARCHIBALD C. KNAUSS RALPH T. KNIGHT MARCELLUS F. KNOBLAUCH TRUMAN KNOTT CHARLES R. KNOX LA FAYETTE KNOX EARL A. KNUDTSEN HERBERT M, KNUDTSON ARTHUR L. KOCH ■A. E. KOENIG WALTER E. KOEPKE J. H. KOLB ANTONE C. KOLDA HERMAN J. KOOIKER EDWIN H. KOPPLIN DORHMIR KORISTA JOSEPH F. KOTRICK LAWRENCE R. KRAEFT CHARLES H. KRAHLER FRED KRANTZ HARRY KREGAL OSCAR E. KRISTENSEN AI.VIN T. kro(;h GEORGE M. KROUGH M. HAROLD KRUEGER RVLPII L. KUBIAS BENJVMIN KUCERA WILLIAM J. 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LARSON VICTOR F. LARSON STANLEY F. LASKY WENDELL A. LATHAM ELBE A. LATHROP LESLIE T. LATHROP MILTON M. LATTA C. W -MAN LAURENCE PHIL J. LAURENCE SCOTT W. LAWRENCE ANDERS V. LAURITZEN R. T. LaVAKE GEORGE L. La VAYEA ARTHUR A. LAW LAWRENCE K. LAWLER MILES E. LAWLER WILLIS M. LAWSON ARTHUR L. LAYDEN GEORGE E. LAYNE ELMER W. LEACH GEORGE E. LEACH HELMER C. LEAF FRANCIS M. LEAHY JAMES M. LEAHY RICHARD O. LEAVENWORTH C. C. LECK JACK B. Le CLAIRE HENRY O. LEE JOHN W. LEE FREDERICK C. LEGG HOBART F. LEMON VERA LEMSTROM THOMAS K. LEONARD ARNETT W. LESLIE KR NK P. LESLIE ABRAHAM I. LEVIN EMANUEL LEVIN JAKE M. LEVIN A. IRVING LEVORSEN CARROLL E. LEWIS EDWARD R. LEWIS GEORGE R. LEWIS JOHN W. LEWIS RICHARD J. LEWIS ROBERT D. LEWIS WILLIAM W. LEWIS HOWARD C. LIBBY JOHN J. LIEB ARNOLD J. LIEN CLARENCE I. LILLEHEI CLARENCE W. LILLY EUGENE J. LILLY ALGOT L. LINDAHL ALBIN L. LINDALL GEORGE C. LINDEBERG ARTHUR H. LINDEMAN HENNING LINDEN HARVEY B. LINDHOLM MILTON S. LINDHOLM GEORGE K. LINDSAY HAROLD F. LINNELL CARL P. LINSMAYER MORRIS K. LIPSHUTZ ABE A. LITIN JOSEPH M. LITTLE JOHN L. LOCKE GORM LOFTFIELD HARRY LOFTUS LEWIS E. LOHMANN THORSTON LOMMER DAVID LONDON CLARE I. LONG DALTON LONG GLEN D. LONG WILLIAM H. LONG NEWTON LONGFELLOW CHESTER H. LONGLEY C. MILTON LORD SAMUEL LORD CLIFFORD C. LOSS ELWYN K. LOVE HARRY D. LOVERING REUBEN W. LOVERING THOMAS S. LOVERING B. NATHANIEL LOVGREN THOMAS A. LOWE CLARENCE T. LOWELL H. M. LOWELL GEORGE M. LOWRY DONALD P. LOYT: HARRY A. LOYE JOHN J. LUCAS EARLE J. LUCE SPURGEON C. LUEBEN EZRA L. LUDWIG NATHANIEL H. LUFKEN OSCAR V. LUFT IRVING J. LUGER RAYMOND E. LUITEN ELI R. LUND HARALD H. LUND HAROLD O. LUND WILLIAM LUNDAHL DAVID LUNDEEN ELMER C. LUNDQUIST WALTER D. LUPLOW RICHARD LUTZ DARTT LYFORD FLOYD LYLE GEORGE V. LYNCH LLOYD LYNCH GERALD E. LYONS GLENN H. LYON EUGENE J. LYSEN HOWARD R. MrADAMS DALE K. McALPINE ARTHUR R. MrBRIDE J. ROSCOE MrCABE CECIL McCANN WILFRED McCANN CHARLES E. McCARTHY DONALD McCarthy RICHARD McCarthy- FLOYD A. McCARTHNEY MARK A. McCARTY ROY McCHESNEY J. F. McCLENDON CALVIN H. McCLINTOCK THOMAS E. McCLINTOCK CHARLES R. McCOLLUM CLYDE J. McCONKEY RUSSELL D. McCORD ALICE McCOY LAWRENCE McCOY CHARLES M. McCREERY BRUIS M. McCULLOGH GUY E. McCUNE ARCHIE J. McDERMID ELMER W. McDEVITT GUY R. McDOLE COLIN McDonald MILLARD H. McDONALD W. NEIL Mc DONXLL WILLIAM McDOUGALL WILLIAM H. McDOUGALL JAMES c. McDowell HERBERT McDUFFEE WILLIAM S. McDUFFEE DALE R, McENARY HARVIE McFARLANE RALPH M. McFAl L CLARENCE V. McGEARY GEORGE E. McGEARY EVERETT E. MacGIBBON WILSON McGILL DONALD B. McGILVRA EVERETT E. McGILVRA EARL H. McGONAGLE JOHN F. McGOVERN DONALD A. McGregor ELIZABETH McCREGOR HERBERT L. McHENRY JOHN L. McHUGH ARCHIE W. McINTYRE EARL D. McKAY JOHN C. McKEE LOUIS W. McKEEHA-N MORELL D. McKENZIE JOSEPH O. McKEON RAY McKIBBEN L. H. McKINLEY LESLIE C. McLACHLIN ARCHIBALD A. McLAURIN EDWIN L. Maclean ROBERT N. McLEAN JOHN S. MACNIE LEE L. McLELLAN ARTHUR w. McMillan JAMES s. McMillan p. D. McMillan J. STEWART McMillan GUY L. McMORRIS JOHN P. McMURRAN FRANK E. McNALLY ' LEO P. McNALLY MILES H. McNALLY ' WILLIAM J. McNALLY OLIVER W. McNEIL FRANK R. McNELLY ALBERT B. McPHARLIN RAYMOND E. McQUILIN DONALD MacRAE GEORGE MacRAE CORDON C. MacRAE WENDELL S. McRAE NORMAN S. McVEAN PALMER MABRY GEORGE MACE HERBERT MACEMON FRANK B. MACH DAVID L. MACKINTOSH JOHN S. MACNIE H. J. MADHLUM MARK MADICAN T. IRVING MADIGAN ROBERT S. MADLAND C. ADELAIDE MADSEN W. F. MAERTZ BERT G. MAGLADRY i - fi- MM-ViM I920 GOPHE-R 3f3f}f3fjf)fif)f fy • • • • • • • • • • • • • • (til IPIIIf • • •k • • • • • • HONOR ' ' l ' y ' --! ■) : y h R.OIL.IL. fredolph h. magney james f. mahoney william l. mahoney carl a. malgren alfred e. mallon james p. malloy alvin j. malmer porter c. mandel ;arrett t. mandeville elmer j. mangney arthur t. mann ira b. mann frank m. manson thomas s. maple arthlr e. mark blrt a. markham c. w. orrin markson william f. markus kyle f. marlow ralph c. marr w illiam n. marr w-. philip mars law rence w. marshall arthlr j. martin dean w. martin john m. martin lynn u. martin royce c. martin edward k. massee maurice e. masterson pall matson sidney s. n.atson harry e. matthews mark mattigan g. c. mattison chester mattson james mattson j. albert mattson eric m. matzner earl c. mall stanley r. maxeiner w. leslie maxson r. darwin may albert f. mayer frank a. mayer mac s. mayne charles h. mayo w illiam j. mayo howard g. mealey calton l. b. meck leonard p. meeker w illiam a. meierding bernard a. meixner orville n. meland richard b. meland albin r. mel. nder frank melander leonard w. melander almer j. melby walter j. melby hertz n. meleck arthlr h. melin clifford c. melin james c. melville joseph a. mendelson harold j. mergens gordon e. merrill lewts e. merrill lewis h. merrill harry u. merriman karl j. mertz harold c. metcalf theron g. methven harold e. meyer edward a. meyerding howard d. meyers george a. meyler frank f. michael joseph c. michael oliver m. michaels arnold michelson stanley r. mickelsen walter h. mickleson ANTON R. MISSEN CHARLES W. MIKE ALL. N MILLER CHARLES MILLER C. JUSTIN MILLER CLARENCE MILLER GEORGE A. MILLER GEORGE E, MILLER GEORGE R. MILLER GEORGE W. MILLER HERBERT J. MILLER HYMEN H. MILLER JOHN MILLER MELVIN A. MILLER MYRON H. MILLER W ILBER A. MILLER W. S. MILLER EDWIN C. MILLHOUSE CHARLES B. MILLS JR. ALLAN L. MISS AURELIUS H. MISZEWSKI HILARY J. MISZEWSKI ALEXANDER C. MITCHELL L. MORRIS MITCHELL R. WALLACE MITCHELL NORMAN MITCHELL REGINALD R. MITCHELL WHITING B. MITCHELL WALTER R. MIXER WILLIAM MLINAR C. PAUL MOE FREDERICK P. MOERSCH HERMAN J. MOERCH ALBERT C. MOFFAT GEORGE N. MOFFAT ELMER J. MOHN BENJAMIN F. MOLL LOY J. MOLUMBY ' ALBERTUS MONTGOMERY HERBERT L. MONTGOMERY J. S. MONTGOMERY RICHARD WILLARD MOODY VERNE H. MOON A. B. MOORE ALLEN J. MOORE ALLEN L. MOORE CHARLES U. MOORE E. C. MOORE E. C. MOORE FRANK G. MOORE FRED F. MOORE HENRY T. MOORE J. WILBER MOORE NORMAN H. MOORE WALTER M. MOORE W. WALLACE MOORHEAD OLIVER J. MOORHEAD WILLIAM MORELL E. M. MORGAN JOSEPH M. MORLEY MILTON P. MORRIL R. E. MORRIS ANGUS W ' . MORRISON ARNOLD G. MORRISON J. BYRON MORRISON ROY G. MORRISON JOHN C. MORRISSEY KENNETH S. MORROW FRANK E. MORSE GUILFORD A. MORSE LESLIE H. MORSE W ILU RD A. MORSE NELS G. MORTENSON PALVIN MORTENSEN CL. UDE S. MORTON HAROLD S. MORTON C. W. MOSES JOSEPH MOSES ELMER L. MOTT CLAUD v. MOULTON MYRA MOULTON ROYAL J. MOULTON JASON L. MOWRY CARL C. MULLER EKARD MULLER JAMES E. MULLIGAN WILLIAM HOWARD MULLIGAN HAROLD P. MUNCK ORRIE C. MUNDWTLER CUTHBERT E. MUNNS J. N. MUNRO ERNEST MUNSON JOHN B. MURPHY PAUL D. MURPHY W. HOLLAND MURPHY G. H. MURRAY JOHN MURRAY R. D. MUSSEY FRANK MUYRES HOWARD D. MYERS FRED NAEGELI JOHN RAYMOND NAGLE ALF E. NANNESTAD NEWTON NASH W. K. NAYLOR JAMES Z. NEBBERGALL WALTER H. NABEL HERMAN NEERLAND HARLON P. NEIBLING CHRIST NEILSON DONALD M. NEILSON EARL R. NEILSON XT5N0LD M. NEGA. RD CARROLL F. NELSON CLARENCE A. NELSON CONRAD A. NELSON C. HUGO NELSON EARL W. NELSON EWART G. NELSON GEORGE NELSON G. RAYMOND NELSON HAROLD S. NELSON HELMER E. NELSON J. A. NELSON LEONARD C. NELSON MARK O. NELSON OTIS S. NELSON OTTO J. NELSON RALPH M. NELSON ROBERT S. K, NELSON ROY B. NELSON ROY G. NELSON VICTOR O. NELSON WALTER J. NELSON STEVEN J. NESTVOLD RICHARD E. NETTLETON AUGUST F. NEUBAUER WILLIAM NEUDECK RICHARD A. NEWHALL WILUAM B. NEWHALL ALLEN T. NEWMAN JOHN M. NEWMAN VALENTINE H. NEWTON ANDREW A. NICHOL ALAN L. NICHOLS CLIFFORD R. NICHOLS JAMES M. NICHOLS EDWARD C. NICHOLSON MRS. E. E. NICHOLSON BERNARD S. NICKERSON NEAL C. NICKERSON W. S. NICKERSON JAMES H. NTCOL FRANK H. NTEMAN ARTHUR NIEMI ALBERT J. NIGG MARY M. NIGHTINGALE HELMER J. NILSON HENRICK E. NISSEN ARTHUR A. NOBBS RUSSELL R. NOICE JOSEPH L. NOLAN ERUNC S. NORBY EVERETT NORCROSS HARRY H. NORD CUST.WE T, NORDIN H. P. NORDLEY ■it- c-»t- r -»c- c- t I920 COPHEIR - )♦- )f 5f )f 3f 5 • • • • • • • • • • lillill Illll MONC: • • LEONARD A. NORDSTROM HAROLD A. NOREEN VICTOR NOREEN LENUS NORLN C. K. .NORMAN P. EMMERTZ NORMAN RELBEN NORMAN SIGVALD NORMAN EARL J. NORTH IVAN H, NORTHFIELD ED SARD A. NORTHAM JAMES M. NORTHINCTON GEORGE N. NORTHROP PAUL J. NORTHRUP SYLVESTER E. NORTNER JAMES S. NOTESTEIN WALLACE NOTESTEIN CLAUDE A. NOVACK GEORGE M. NYE PAUL NYSTROM REUBEN W. OAKES CHARLES J. O ' BRIEN KENNETH B. O ' BRIEN KA ' i MliNI) J. (I ' BKIEN KI I ' EKT D. O ' BRIEN WALLACE D. O ' BRIEN DENNIS E. O ' CONNOR HENRY ODLAND THEODORE ODLAND KARL F. OEHLER AXEL OFTEDAL JUSTUS OHACE JR. ARCHIE M. O ' HAGEN DAY I. OKES GODFREY C. OLBERG SYDNEY M. OLESON CLIFFORD E. OLIASON CHARLES N. OLIEN WARD H. OLMSTED (;E0RGE W. OLSON LESLIE R. OLSEN ALFRED OLSON CLARENCE C. OLSON GEORGE M. OLSON JOHN H. OLSON JOHN W. OLSON NELLE A. OLSON ROBERT W. OLSON ROY G. OLSON SILAS C. OLSON WALTER S. OLSEN WILLIAM P. O ' .MALLEY WILLIAM E. O ' NEIL CHARLES A. ONION ROBERT C. ORAM WARREN W. ORAM MARTIN J. ORBECK GUNTHER 0RSIN(;ER REMINGTON ORSINGER WARD ORSINGER BYRLE J. OSBORN J. MARSHALL OSBORNE R. B. OSHIER FREDO A. OSSANNA CARL M. OSTBY LE ROY T. OSTER CARL J. OSTROM C. MILTON OSTROM JELMER H. OSTROM ELDRED C. OSWALD WILLIS C. OTIS ALFRED C. OTT LEONARD E. OTT GEORGE B. OTTE MERTON R. OTTERSTEIN E. RAYMOND OVERMIRE PHILIP McF. OVIATT AMOS D. OWEN DAVID S. OWEN GEORGE B. OWENS JAY C. AWENS HENRY A. PABST CLAYTON P. PACKARD HOLLIS A. PAEGEL EDWARD H. P. GENHART CARL W. PAINTER HOBERT K. PAINTER CHARLES H. PALDA IRA E. PALMER LLOYD J. PALMER DONALD H. PAL.METER GEORGE J. PANUSKA ROY ' O. PAPENTHIEN HUGH C. PARKER LESLIE W. PARKER PAUL S. PARKER SPENCER L. PARKER WALTER H. PARKER HARLEIGH PARKHURST HERBERT PARTEN CHARLES A. PARTRIDGE WILLIAM F. PASSER ION RUSSELL PATCH SIDNEY A. PATCHIN GERALD R. PATTEN HAROLD W. PATTEN ALFRED G. PATTERSON FREDERICK T. PAUL ALFRED G. PAULSON CARL W. PAULSON EARL B. PAULSON DEWITT J. PAYNE J. W. PEACOCK NABOTH O. PEARCE OSCAR P. PEARSON PERCY E. PEARSON RAYMOND A. PEASE E. B. PECK REUBEN ,M. PEDERSON PAUL G. PEIK JOSEPH H. PENGILLY STANLEY M. PENNIMAN JOHN S. PEOPLES .MELVILE J. PEPPARD FRANCIS T. PERCHEN PAUL H. PERIGORD ROLAND O. PETELER ANDERS PETERSON ANDREW M. PETERSON ANDREW P. PETERSON . RTHUR L. PETERSON ARTHUR P. PETERSON ELROY W. PETERSON ERNEST A. PETERSON I-F.(1R(;E W. PETERSON H ROLD LEON PETERSON JAY BERNARD PETERSON LLOYD R. PETERSON VANCE C. PETERSON WALTER F. PETERSON FRANKLIN PETRI GLENN W. PETTIS OMAR T. PFEIFFER R. YMOND V. PHELAN CHARLES P. PHELPS KENNETH A. PHELPS REUBEN B. PHILLIPS WILUAM H. PHILLIPS BURT C. PICKERING CLIFFORD W. PICKLE FRANK J. PIEMEISEL EDWIN J. PIERCE RIDGELV PIERSON LOUIS PINAULT H. MILTON PINO MONTE C. PIPER CREGOR B. PIRSCH EDWARD PLACE HOWARD G. PLANK ARTHUR G. PLANKERS JOHN J. PLATT GEORGE T. PLOWMAN FRANK A. PLUM HENRY S. PLU.MMER LOUIS I. PLUTO PHILIP A. POIRIER -)«-5 - f f5f5fif)f5fJf IIPUI • • FRANK H. POLK • GRACE POLK • LEE W. POLLOCK DONALD L. POMEROY • GEORGE A. POND HARRY R. POOL • ARTHUR B. POOLE ANNA POPE • ZENAS L. POTTER GEORGE F. POULSEN • ALFRED POULSON JOHN W. POWELL ■ • KNOX A. POWELL • OLIVER S. POWELL DWIGHT W. POWERS • HARRY W. POWERS ALBBERT F. PRATT • CHELSEA C. PRATT CLIFFORD V. PRATT • GUY T. PRESTON CLARENCE D. PRICE • PAUL J. PRESTON .MILTON A. PRICE • M. J. PRICE R. R. PRICE • W. DAY PRJNDLE LEO R. PRISKE • AUGUSTUS L. PRODOEHL CHARLES W. PROSHEK if EARL DE W. PRUDDEN GEORGE H. PRUDDEN JR. it WESTON D. PRUDDEN LELAND M. PRYOR • MRS. .MARY M. PURDON IRVING P. PURDY • WALTER PURPLE GEORGE W. PUTNAM • FRED PUTNEY ERIC P. QU. IN • FRED QUAYLE • MAURICE W. QUIGLEY HOWARD QUINLAN • CHARLES S. QUINN CYRIL L. QUINN -k JOHN I. QUINN EARLE D. QUINNELL • . LBERT J. QUIST CL. RENCE McK RADER ■ • WALTER H. RADEK.MACHEH • LEON M.UmiCE RADKE FRANK L. RAFFERTY • MORTON J. RAINEY R.AY E. R. MAKER • LOUIS RAMALEY HAROLD E. RAMSETT • WALTER R. RAMSEY LARCOM RANDALL if FRED R. NKIN MAX P. RAPACZ HUBERT E. RATHBUN RUSSELL B. RATHBUN ARNOLD I. RAUGLAND E. LEONARD R.AVERTY CARLOS V. R. WLINGS HORACE C. RAWSON RALPH H. R. WSON A. B. RAYBURN HARRY REDD FRANK L. REDFIELD CHARLES A. REED FRANK E. REED GEORGE J. REED ELMER REESE PAT REESE POMEROY REEVE J. MAC VEIGH REGAN WALTER G. REICH S. JOSEPH REICHERT EMMETT M. REIERSON UTLLIAM R. L. REINHARDT OTTO F. REIS BEN REISHUS WALLACE E. REYERSON llil ' L:J!I ■kMM ' ¥- ' ¥MM ' ¥-M i920 -GOPHBR j )f 3f )f «- J - f r -k-K -tt-K-K- c-K-K-K-K-X-K-K • X • it He • • • • • honoir " roil.il, C HDNF.R S. REYNOLDS (.E()K(;F, tt. REYNOLDS ross j. reynolds walter f. rhlnow (;e()R(;e h. ribbel ci shman a. ricj; (iEOBC.E D. RICE JEROME J. RICE JOSEPH C. RICE MERTON A. RICHAL ERNi:ST T. F. RICHARDS H. LAIRVNCE RICHARDS RM.PH E. RICHARDS BERT A. RICHARDSON FREDERIC S. RICHARDSON HAROLD E. RICHARDSON C. D. RICHMOND CHARLES H. RICHTER CYRIS K. RICKEL FRANCIS J. RICKEL FRANK J. RICKFORD HERMAN W. RIEKMAN JOSEPH A. RIES HAROLD W. RILEY KENNETH V. RILEY PERCY E. RILEY WILLIAM E. RING STANLEY RINGOLD WILLIAM RINGOLD GERHARD J. RINGSRUD HIGO RINGSTROM THOMAS E- RINGWOOD LEWIS RIST SIGI RD RISVOLD DAVID RITTENHOLISE HERBERT L. RITTER CHESTER C. ROACH J. DONALD ROBB MAUGRIDGE S. ROBB J. CLIFFORD ROBBERS LYLE J. ROBERTS W ILLIAM B. ROBERTS ALBERT J. ROBERTSON C. J. ROBERTSON H. E. ROBERTSON JAMES C. ROBERTSON SAM W. ROBERTSON CHARLES M. ROBILLIARD CLAYTON D. ROBINSON SAMUEL ROBINSON SHERRILL E. ROBINSON JOHN P. ROCHE WILLIAM ROCHFORD HARVARD S. ROCKWELL FLETCHER ROCKWOOD F. C. RODDA LOUIS H. RODDIS CLARENCE A. ROEDELL FRED C. ROGERS OSWALD ROGNI.EY EINAR A. ROGSTAD OTTO V. ROGSTAD EDWTN ROLLMANN EDGAR D. ROMANS ARTHUR J. RONNEBERG ANTON R. ROSE JOHN D. ROSE LOGAN ROSE RAYMOND C. ROSE REED A. ROSE L. ROSENBLEET BURTON I. ROSENHOLTZ RUSSELL C. ROSENQUEST BOLES A. ROSENTHAL CECELIA ROSENTHAL JOHN P. ROSENWALD LEON E. ROSKOVICK J. KING ROSS LESLIE A. ROSSITER ERNEST G. ROTH IRVING J. ROTH LEWIS M. ROTH RITUS ROTH EDDIE N. ROTI C. L. ROTZEL CHARLES K. ROUNDS FRED G. ROUNDS GEORGE H. ROWELL WILL ROWELL CHES TER ROW D L. G. ROWNTREE ROLAND C. RUBERTUS CLARENCE RUCHHOFT ;USTAVE L. R UDELL OL. V M. RUFSVOLD C. N. RUHBERG WILLIAM H. RUMPF E. A. RUMREICH MAURICE O. RUNBERC JOHN A. RUSSELL IVANHOE A. RUSTAD LLOYD A. RUTH WILLMAR C. RUTHERFORD DENNY RYAN LOIEL S. RYAN EDWTfN G. RYDLl M STANLEY RY ' PINS GEORGE H. ST. CLAIR ADRIAN A. ST. MARIE EDGAR ST. MARTIN ANDREW ST. MICHAEL HANS S.AARI MATT SAARI FRED J. SACKETT ORREN E. SAFFORD (;OTTHARD J. SAHOL HARRY N. SALET JOHN A. SALISBURY ' KENNETH B. SALISBURY ARTHUR SAMPSON ALBERT G. SAMUELSON PAUL A. SAMUELSON JOHN B. SAN ' BORN RAY C. SANBORN HAROLD O. SAND THEODORE SANDERS JR. GEORGE P. SANDERS R. L. SANFORD JULIUS H. SANTO ROBERT SARDESON HOWARD L. SARGEANT CLARENCE A. SATHER FRANCIS J. SAVAGE OLIVER M. SAVVE ELDRETH L. SAWYER EMMONS W. SAWYER GEORGE B. SCHAK HUGO SCHLENK F. W. SCHLUTZ DANA C. SCHMAHL EWALD SCHMECHEL ROLAND C. SCHMID WALTER W. SCHMID RICHARD S. SCHMIDT HARRISON A. SCHMITT ROBERT A. SCHMITT WALTER E. SCHMITT LOUIS H. SCHNEDLER FELIX J. SCHNEIDERHAN A. W. SCHOEPFE HARRY J. SllHOLTES HENRY J. SCHOPF CLIFFORD H. SCHRADER ADOLPH F. SCHUFT CLIFFORD G. SCHULTZ LORENZ H. SCHULTZ WILLIAM E. SCHULTZ WILLIAM H. SCHULTZ RUDOLPH SCHULZ GUST.AVE B. SCHURMEIER RAY L. SCHUTT CAROLYN SCHWARC EDWIN R. SCHWARTZ CARL H. SCHWEDES FRANCIS G. SCOBIE PAUL R. SCOTT V. n.LlAM E. SCOTT WILLARD W. SCOTT RALPH J. SEARING SPENCER J. SEARLS H. MARSHALL SECRIST J. P. SEDGWICK MALCOLM A. SEDGWICK OSCAR C. SEEBACH MAX SEHAM C. BURREL SELLARS IVER F. SELLESETH MARK M. SERUM ARTHUR SERUMGARD EDWIN S. SEVERSON R LPH J. SEWELL LAWRENCE A. SHAFER CLARENCE A. SHANNON DONALD P. SHANNON MORSE J. SHAPIRO CLARENCE F. SHARPLESS REA SHAW ROBERT C. SHAW WILLARD C. SHEA J. D.WID SHEARER HERBERT V. SHEBAT CHARLES S. SHELDON H. LESLIE SHELDON W. LTER D. SHELLY DONALD D. SHEPARD GEORGE M. SHEPARD SAMUEL M. SHEPARD WILLIAM P. SHEPARD GEORGE D. SHEPARDSON ISRAEL R. SHER ERWIN H. SHERMAN ROBERT E. SHERMAN STEPHEN G. SHERMAN VALENTINE C. SHERMAN CARROLL W. SHERWIN EDWARD B. SHERWOOD WILLIS SHIPPAN CECIL W. SHIRK RALPH H. SHOEMAKER SIDNEY L. SHOLLEY ARNOLD SHUTTER WILL F. SIEBEL CHARLES A. SIEKKINEN EDWARD SIGERFOOS MOE W. SILBERMAN DONALD B. SIMMONS FRANK H. SIMMON HENRY E. SIMMONS ROY H. SIMMONS EDWIN J. SIMON LEIGHTON R. SIMON WALTER W. SIMONS HAROLD G. SIMPSON ALAN K. SINCLAIR GILBERT S. SINCLAIR EDWARD H. SIRICH PAUL S. SISCHO CARL J. SJOGREN RUTCHER SKA(;ERBERG PETER E. SKANSE OLIVER T. SKELLETT FRANKLIN T. SKINNER ERWIN F. SKOEDOPOLE CLARENCE J. SKRIVSETH THEODOR S. SLEN ALFRED G. SMALTZ W ILLIAM C. SMILEY WILLIAM YALE SMILEY M)AM M. SMITH CHARLES J. SMITH CHAUNCEY G. SMITH DONALD W. SMITH EDGAR W. SMITH EMMETT W. SMITH FRANCIS M. SMITH GEORGE R. S.MITH GE0K(;E W. SMITH HOMER R. SMITH -+C -X -K -X -K -tc -K -K I920 GOPHEIR )f 3f )f )f 3f if af ) iliiiiiil • • • •k • • • • • • • • • • ll ill Illlllll • • it: • -k PI! iiiiiil HUGH A. SMITH J. DAYTON SMITH J. GODFREY SMITH LE ROY E. SMITH LESLIE H. SMITH PERCY C. SMITH PHILIP W. SMITH ROBERT R. SMITH SELDEN S. SMITH TAYLOR B. SMITH WILLIAM A. SMITH PAUL L. SMITHERS HAROLD R. SMITHIES GUY E. SMOKE DAN P. SMYTHE ALBERT M. SWELL CHARLES F. SNELL ELLA MAY SNELL CHARLES D. SNELLER THOMAS J. SNODGRASS GEORGE W. SNYDER THEODORE G. SCARES THEODORE L. SOGARD OLAF I. SOHLBERG GEORGE V. SOKOLICH OSCAR M. SOLEM SAMUEL B. SOLHAUG LORIN SOLON HAROLD G. SOMMERS JOSEPH N. SONAGLIA HAROLD H. SONTAG JOHN J. SOPER BERNARD SOROSE ARNE SORUM ARTHUR J. SOUBA BENJAMIN B. SOUSTER MERTON W. SOWLE HENRY G. SPANIER JOHN H. SPENCER E. CLARENCE SPONBERG DAVID O. SPRIESTERSBACH WALTER J. SPRIGGS EDWIN P. STACY N. ERICK STADIC SIDNEY C. STADSVOLD GRIN K. STAFFORD RUSSEL H. STAFFORD JOHN C. STALEY FRANCIS C. STALLEY HOWARD M. STARRET LEON STAVSETH STANLEY STEARNES DAVID B. STEFFENS ROBERT A. STEFFENS RAYMOND STEIDL SIEFORDE M. STELLWAGON M. VERMIN STENSETH RLDOLF STERNER DONALD T. STETSON JOHN STEVENS JR. NEIL C. STEVENS DONALD STEWART JOHN T. STEWART EARL S. STILES GLENN S. STILES ROY C. STILES PHILLIP STILLWELL WARREN STOCKING MAX G. STOKES A. A. STOMBERG HAROLD W. STONE ROYAL A. STONE ARTHUR V. STORM PAUL H. STORM WEBSTER E. STOVALL L. RIDEEL STOWE RUSSELL L. STRANG HERBERT A, STRATE ALF K. STRATTE LEW W. STREET T. OTTO STREISGUTH ARTHUR D. STRONG FRANK D. STRONG G. FREDERIC STRONG ARTHUR D. STROUD JOHN E. STRYKER PAUL H. STUCKY JOHN W. STUHR BYRON W. STUNKARD JULIUS R. STURRE WILBUR V. STYLES WILLIAM R. SUFFEL ARTHUR F. SULLIVAN BOLTON SULLIVAN DANIEL C. SULLIVAN EUGENE J. SULLIVAN JOSEPH D. SULLIVAN ADOLPH G. SUND ELMER J. SUNDBY FRANKLIN SURGART F. P. SUTTLES GEORGE E. SUTTON HARRIS R. SUTTON LEONARD L. SUTTON EARL E. SWAIN ABEL B. SWAN PETER T. SWANISH ARCHIE SWANSON CARL A. SWANSON CLARENCE V. SWANSON EDWARD J. SWANSON EDWIN O. SWANSON GEORGE A. SWANSON HAROLD E. SWANSON HERBERT SWANSON NEIL H. SWANSON NELS E. SWANSON CHARLES B. SWEAT RAY R. SWEET THEODORE H. SWEETSER THEODORE SWENSEN HAROLD G. SWENNES CLIFFORD H. SWENSEN JOHN F. SWENSEN O. ALVIN SWENSEN SIGURD SWENSEN CLARENCE Q. SWENSEN G. ADOLPH SWENSEN MERRILL G. SWENSEN OSCAR E. SWENSEN WINIFRED C. SWIFT BYRL E. SYLVESTER ALEXANDER A. SYME THADDEUS L. SZLAPKA DEAN W. TABER THOMAS F. TALBOT WEBSTER TALLANT EVERETT S. TALLMADGE FR. NK M. TALUS LEWIS W. TALLEHILL CHESTER O. TANNER ROSCOE W. TANNER CYRIL M. TAPAGER WILLIAM T. TAPLEY JACK TARBOX HERBERT M. TASKER J. T. TATE DUANE L. TAYLOR G. F. TAYLOR HOWARD TAYLOR JOHN W. TAYLOR KENNETH TAYLOR LYMAN D. TAYLOR ROYMANE P. TAYLOR RALPH G. TAYLOR WILLIAM R. TAYLOR ROBERT L. TEBBITT ERNEST J. TEBERG CARL A. TEISBERC STERLING N. TEMPLE LOUIS L. TEN BROECK RICHARD C. TENNEY IRENE TEWS VICTOR T. THAENI BEN THANE TORFINN THARALDSON GEORGE A. THIEL ALBERT D. THOMAS ALBERT E. THOMAS GILBERT J. THOMAS HARRY E. THOMAS RUSSELL D. THOMAS WILLIAM A. THOMAS BARBARA THOMPSON C. STANLEY THOMPSON CL. UDIUS THOMPSON EARL A. THOMPSON EARL J. THOMPSON JAMES W. THOMPSON LENA THOMPSON NATHAN M. THOMPSON PAUL J. THOMPSON RICHARD C. THOMPSON ROBERT R. THOMPSON SAMUEL H. THOMPSON SIVERT W. THOMPSON STUART M. THOMPSON METELLUS THOMPSON JR. SEARS THOMSON WILLIS I. THOMSON LLOYD M. THORBURN WALTON W. THORPE WALTER W. THORSELL CARL I. THORSEN EMIL M. THORSEN THEODORE THORSEN ERLIND THORSTEINSON WALDO B. THRUSH ROSS A. THUMA EDWARD S. THURSTON MYREL T. TIERNEY HENRY B. TILLOTSON JR. GATES A. TIMMERMAN JOHN O. TILLOTSON LUCIUS E. TILLOTSON JR. HAROLD C. TIMBERLAKE DONALD TIMERMAN PAUL H. TDBIN FRANK C. TODIl MALEN G. TODD ROYAL C. TOMLINSON IRVING E. TORGERSON CARL I. TORSEN ROBERT E. TOWEY JOHN L. TOWNLEY MARION J. TOWNSEND ROYAL E. TOWNSEN D SPRAGUE P. TOWNSEND FLOYD C. TREAT ROY TRELSTAD VICTOR H. TROENDLE JR. JAMES TROUPE KARL H. TROUT THOMAS J. TRUTNA FREDERICK J. TRYON PHILIP D. TRYON RICHARD M. TRYON CLARENCE A. TUCKER FRANK J. TUPA JR. DOUGLAS TURNBULL EDWARD W. TURNER PERRY D. TURNER AXEL A. TURNQUIST FRANCIS A. TUTTLE LAUREN S. TUTTLE CHESTER G. TVEDT DONALD G. TWENTYMAN FREDERICK E. TYDEMAN ARTHUR TYRA CLINTON C. TYRRELL ARNULF UELAND CHARLES P. UINZENBURG FRANK UMBEHOCKER A. L. UNDERBILL ROBERT P. UPDYKE STEPHEN G. UPDYKE JOHN E. UPSON G. KENNETH URQUHART • • • • • III I, ■ ■ ■ ■M ' ¥ IQ20 COPHER -T - T Tk-yk-T ir - - ■ic- M - - - - HONOE. .J ■ ■ ■y ■y - )l ■ tr ' TtauLi •11 . J • • • • • • • • -k • • • RAYMOND A. V AI.ER JOSEPH P. VADHEIM PETER VADHErM CLAL ' DE VALLEAU WILLIAM D. VALLEAU KENNETH VAN BERCEN SEARLS VAN BEKGEN ERVIN P. VAN BTREN REGINALD H. VAN CLEVE HAROLD O. VAN DUZEE GHARLES W. VANDYKE J. EREDERICK VAN NESS LEON R. VAN VALKENBURG WALTER VAN VALKENBURG HAROLD VAUX REUBEN F. VEHE ARTHUR B. VENBERG VICTOR E. VERNE ALBIN F. VICTOR JAMES H. VIDAL JOHN J. VIETS HORACE S. VILLARS GEORGE F. VOLZ HERBERT H. VON ROHR FRANK P. VROOMAN LEWIS E. VROOMAN V. B. VYE ALBERT E.WACKERMAN EDWARD H. WACKERMAN LAURENCE H. WADSWORTH ARCHIBALD F. WAGNER GEORGE B. WAGNER WILLIAM T. WAGNER WARREN C. WAITE RALPH E. WALDRON RODNEY T. WALDRON JAMES D. WALKER CARLETON WALLACE EARL S. WALLACE MERRILL O. WALLACE ALVIN U. WALLEN CONRAD J. WALLER JOSEPH D. WALLER JOHN E. WALLFRED CHARLES W. WALTERS CHARLES O. WANBERC A. L. WARD PERCY A. WARD LEE M. W ARDEN MRS. J. R. WARE (AMY ROBBINS) F. S. WARREN PACE D. WARREN DAVID P. WASGATT ALLAN J. WASH CARLYLE H. WASH A. M. WASHBURNE HENRY jR. WASIELEWSKI HAROLD J. WASSON FRED A. W ATEROUS LLOYD C. W ATKINS ANNA W ATLAND HUGH M. WATSON HARMON H. WATT MILDEN WAY HARRY B. WEAVER ROSCOE C. WEBB BENNETT A. WEBSTER CARROLL D. WEBSTER HORACE P. WEBSTER PAUL D. WEBSTER FRANK E. WEED JAMES J. WEEKS ARTHUR J. WEHR WILUAM WEHREND CHRISTIAN ]. WEIBELER MILDRED WF:IGLEY CLAIRE I. WEIKERT ALEXANDER P. WEINGA WARREN S. WEIS GEORGE F. WEISEL GEORGE CONRAD WEISER EDWARD S. WEISS LOUIS R. WEISS H. WALTER WELLMAN LESLIE H. WELLMAN F. GRANT WELLS ZELORA B. WELl HARVEY A. WELSH MERVYN WELSHOUS JOSEPH H. WENDEL A. J. WENTWORTH WALTER W, WENTZ JAMES H. WERDENHOFF JOSEPH P. WERRICK CLARE E. WEST CARL G. WESTERBERG MILLARD C. WESTGATE LUCIEN P. WETHERBY MACNIDER WETHERBY VICTOR L. WETHERBY RUDOLPH L. WEUM ROY WEYMOUTH JAMES WHARTON NATHAN E. WHARTON RALPH WHEATON FRED D. WHEELER HERBERT H. WHEELER HOWARD C. WHEELER MERRITT W. WHEELER FRANK E. WHEELON WAYNE E. WHISLER PHILIP T. WHITE S. MARX WHITE VALMAH S. WHITE R. H. WHITESIDE ALFRED C. WHITNEY C. HAROLD WHITNEY CHESTER E. WHITTIER RAYMOND W. WHITTIER MARTIN T. WICHMAN GIDEON C. WIDELL OTTO J. WIENCKE CHARLES WIETOFF GILBERT WIGGIN PORTER P. WIGGINS R. SELDEN WILCOX RAYMOND D. WILDE E. RENO WILK MORTIMER A. W ' ILK CONRAD W. WILKOWSKE STEVEN C. WILLEY CLAUDE A. WILLIAMS CLAYTON K. WILLIAMS EDWARD D. WILLIAMS ELMER L. WILLIAMS HARRY N. WILLIAMS HOWARD Y. WILLIAMS MARSHALL B. WILLIAMS PAUL S. WILLIAMS STEPHEN E. WILLIAMS THOMAS RUSSELL WILLIAMS VERNON M. WILLIAMS W. LESTER WILLIAMS HUGH S. WILLSON ARCHIE D. WILSON CHESTER S. WILSON GLENN W. WILSON HAZEL M. WILSON LEONARD A. WILSON LESUE V. WILSON LOUIS B. WILSON PAUL W. WILSON RAY K. WILSON ROBERT WILSON JOHN F. WINGATE EDGAR WINN J. RUSSELL WINSLOW EDWIN H. WINTER OTTO L. WINTER WILLIAM F. WTNTERBLE CHARLES P. WINZENBURG P. W. WIPPERMAN THEODORE R. WIRTH EDWARD C. WISE WARREN WITHEE WILBUR L. WITTER CHARLES G. WOEHLER A. A. WOHLRABE WILLIAM R. WOLD RAYMOND J. WOLFANGLE ALLEN C. WOLFF WELDON WOMACK ARCHIE WOOD HAROLD E. WOOD LA FAYETTE A. WOOD LOREN H. WOODLE ARTHUR WOODMAN MERRILL E. WOODRUFF ROLAND O. WOODRUFF WILLIAM A. WOOLSTENCROFT WARNER G. WORKMAN DONAH) H WORKS MUHKW (il LFE JOHANN L. WUK F. R. WRIGHT HAROLD WRIGHT HAROLD A. WUNDERLICH ALVIN S. WYATT GLENN H. WYER ARNOLD D. WYMAN HIRAM E. WYMAN JAMES C. WYMAN SOLOMON YAROSH ROBERT M. YERKES DOUGLAS A. YORK CHARLES N. YOUNG DANIEL H. YOUNG DONALD ARTHUR YOUNG HENRY G. YOUNG JOSEPH E. YOUNG H. G. ZAVORAL LESLIE D. ZELENY GEORGE ZIESMER HARRY M. ZIESMER LLOYD i,]MBRICK H. B. ZIMMERMANN LYLE E. ZUMWINKLE • • • • • • • • • Ik- Ik- •• • • • c - ;-K-H-! - c -K I920 GOPHE,R ) X-}f3f)fifif)f 5i(- ipi ' lll iiliil tORe[WORD XN tke bounds of the worla itselr nas Minnesota realized ner dreams or tne greater campus. Her colleges nave been tne submarine- infested seas, the conquered realm of the heavens, the tortured battleground of tbe Argonne. Tbe privi- lege of tbe 1920 Gopber IS to commemorate the deeds of Minnesota s soldier sons. ::::::: The University HE artist has here por- trayed the actual plan of the neic Uuiversity. Its cre- ation has become an ideal of every Minnesota man and ivoman. Its potentialities are as boundless as are their in- fluences, stveeping onward and outward from the University throughout the ivorld. THE UNIVERSITY The Trysting Place Professional Row A Walk of Stately Elms Bleakness A Day in Early June Over the KnuU A Shaded Lane Amid Oaks and Ivy ' Ca.couege year ■ iMi»fi«i«iwi«i«i«i«iwi«i«i»i»»wi»iwi» GOPHER ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ " ' » ' ' ' gg. Administration Offic Marion LeRoy Burton Ernest B. Pierce . George H. Hayes James T. Gerould Henry A. Hildebramdt President Registrar Comptroller Librarian Superintendent of Buildings and Grounds Deans T D T , r i Dean of the College of Science, John B. Johnston i r , , j a . ( Literature and Arts Edward E. Nicholson Dean of Student Affairs John R. Allen Dean of the College of Engineering I and the Mechanic Arts R. W. Thatcher Dean of the Department of Agriculture Edward M. Freeman Dean of the College of Agriculture William R. Vance Dean of the Law School Elias p. Lyon Dean of the Medical School Alfred Owre Dean of the College of Dentistry Frederick J. WuLLiNr, Dean of the College of Pharmacy William R. Appleby Dean of the School of Mines Lauder W. Jones Dean of the School of Chemistry Lotus D. Coffman Dean of the School of Education Guy S. Ford Dean of the Graduate School Richard R. Price Director of University Extension Gertrude G. Becgs Dean of Women ■ ■l«l«l»IBI«lBI»l«l«IMia 19 20 ■l«IHI«IMIPI»IWIWI " ' " ' " ' » ' «l " l ' " Page 3i I ■■■■■■■[■IMiWIMIMIMIMIMIMIMIBIBIB,,,,!, COPHEIR ■l»fl»IWI»IWI«IWIWIWI ■l»tW IBIHIBIBIBI President Marion LeRny Burton ll»IBIBIMIBIMI»IBI«IBmi»l»IBfl«l«IBIB|B I 9 20 ■!■! ■ I ■!■ I ■ !■ 1 ■ I ■ I ■ I ■ I ■ I ■ I ■! ■! ■! BIWIMI BIMlj Pogt 3S I»I»I»IWI«IBIWI«I«I«I«IBI«IMI«IHI«IWIWIM GOPHEIR ■■■[■■■flWIWIWIWflWI«IBIWIMI»iBIMI»l»l To the Students ly HE. this universitY year opened iie iiere in the throes of war. We were beginning to realize what war really meant. One idea dominated us. It wa unthinkable that Germany should icin the war or that democracy should fail. Otie master passion ruled us. We were determined at the earliest possible moment to put the entire resources of the country at the disposal of the Government. We had no toleration for any agency ivhich sought to make its in- terests paramount to those of the country. The message of the hour was distinct. Our duty then teas perfectly clear. Every person stood ready to do his share for his country in the hour of crisis. Today ice find ourselves in a totally new world. Strange and unexpected forces are in operation. W ith military victory have come neiv responsibilities. The very foundations of civilization are being shaken. The whole social structure is being examined and subjected to severe tests. As students and graduates of this I ni- versity, you must live in a period of readjustment which will make demands and offer opportunities more serious and more fascinating than any former generation has ever been privileged to meet. As you assume these new obligations, you must realize as never before that education and democracy are absolutely inseparable. You must see that the future of America depends upon a high level of intelligence among all the people. You must insist that your training here and elsewhere gives to you a mind capable of dealing with the baffling issues of a new order. Stupendous and momentous questions must be answered. You must have a mind which is at once receptive and independent. You must be open-minded, but not empty-minded. } ou must be tolerant, but possessed of convictions for which you are willing to die. You must be broad and generous, but not supinely acquiescent in anything for ivhich another may contend. You must be sympathetic, but inspired with a loyalty and devotion to the great cause of democracy. Moreover, in the years just ahead you will find frequent occasion for insisting upon a fundamental respect for law and order and the constituted authorities. Each of you must assume some personal responsibility for the creating of true public opinion, ivhich can find honest expression through the ballot-box. This American democracy has a high mission to fulfill, and a mighty promise to keep with all mankind. Not by casting away the institutions made sacred by the devotion of your fathers, but by the adjusting of the existing govern- ment to the new order will you perform your full duty. This L ni versity will follow you in the years to come with the confident expectation that life will bring you its abiding satisfac- tions and its inspiring responsibilities. Very sincerely yours. il.L. BURTON. ■ l «l»fiai«IWI«l«l«1WI»l»l»l«l»l» ' »l " l«l» 19 20 ■l»IBr«IMIHIBIBIBIMl«l»l»IWI»iai»l«l«l«l»l Page 36 ■ ■■■■■■i«iwiBi«iHi«i«wi«i«i«iwi«iwiwiw GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■f g ' MiM ' " ' " ' « ' ' ' " ' " iligi£l!E, Women at MinnesoUi 4N acrt ' iilablc cinloine oj the aaidi ' mir year just closing inusi not - only record the temporary phases oj campus life so spectac- ularly imposed upon all universities by the national tear emergency, but must also accord recognition to the parmanent elements which maintained the traditions oj the I nirersity during this period oj kaleidoscopic changes. The Faculty — bless their old hearts! — had tossed aside the float- ing impediments oj the academic goivn and had either displayed credHable speed in the race for the trenches, or had girded their loins jor strenuous war work at home. The men students had gone off to France or were energetically trampling the turj in jatiguing military drill. It was all a pretty grim business, with not much dis- play of old-lime surplus viiality. tending toivard expression in those extra-curricula activities which jorm so precious a component part oj the academic whole. There remained only the women to stand against the disintegrat- ing influence of diverted student effort! Only the women to main- tain the continuity of many Minnesota institutions which were threatened with extinction! Only the women to uphold work on the ' " Daily " am! the " GopJier " and other parts of the social and iniellectual structure built up by all students who have come ami gone through the years that are past! Only the women to ensure to returning soldiers an Alma Mater nhich would be in all its finest traits the academic home which they had left! The women did this, and they did much more! That here. too. there might be the home army giving fullest support to the army in the field, the Minnesota women did their part in many forms of war-work. They saved food; they bought Liberty Bonds: they or- ganized various groups for the systematic purchase of Thrift Stamps: they made bandages for the Red Cross: they supported French and Belgian children — these are just a few of the many activities in which the patriotism of Minnesota women teas expressed. In some institutions there were uniforms for the women students, military organizations ond other very obvious manifestations of patriotic spirit. But there was no external change on the part of the tvomen at Minnesota. Quietly, unobtrusively, effectively, they did their work, and it is largely due to them tluit the campus life is so quickly and easily resuming its normal tone. Xenophon says something about ' ' wearing the tiara in one s heart. " That is what was done by the women of .Minnesota. II ith- out external manifestations of their patriotic organization, they were none the less banded together in an organization of the spirit which became one of the most potent forces on the campus during the war. If 1 ivere a man I should start a cheer and should shout. -Hats off to the Minnesota women! " But by the e.xercise of considerable re- straint 1 shall sign merely myself their fellow worker and sincere friend. GF.RTRl DF. II RPER BEGGS. Pafe 37 IIHIWI«I«I«I«||« M1MIMIMIMIMIMIBIMIW(MI« GOPHER. ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' W ' IWI I«I« ' " I ■!■! The Hon The Hon The Hon The Hon The Hon The Hon The Hon The Hon The Hon The Hon The Hon The Hon Board of Regents Fred B. Snyder Iinneai)olis PI!ESIDE T OF THE BOARD Marion LeRoy Burton Mimifapolis THE PRESIDEyr OF THE LMI ERSITY J. A. A. Burnquist St. Paul THE GOVERNOR OF THE STATE J. M. MCCONNELL 5?. Paul THE SL ' PERI TE UE. T OF EDICATIOS Pierce Butler 5 . Paul W. J. Mayo Rochester Milton M. Williams Little Falls John G. Williams Duluth George H. Partridge Minneapolis A. E. Rice Willmm Charles L. Sommers St. Paul C. W. Glotfelter Waterville .iBiBiaiaiBiBiafsia I 9 20 ■l«i«i«i«i»fi«i»i " i " i " i " i " i " i " i " i« ' ' " i " ' Page 38 IIWI»l»l«l«l«i«IHIMIBIMIBIB|BIBIBIMI»f GOPHER ■■ ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■I ■flWIWIWIBIMIMIWrWI ■!■! Maj. Jga, CONVOCATIONS ■ ■i«i»i»fi«iai«i«iBiai»i»ipiai«i«i«i«iBiB 19 20 ■■■[■i«iBiwi«i«i»iaiwiwiMiMiwi»iBi«iBi«i«ii Pate 39 [■[■iWI»l«JWI«l«IBIMIH|MIMIM|MIB|MIWIMI» GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWI ■! ■ IWIBIHIWIWI ■!■ i iBiBiBiaiBiBiBiBia 19 20 ■laiaiaiaiBiBiBiaiaiBiaiBiBiHiaiaiiBiBiaiai Page 40 jBIBflBiWIWIMiaiMlMiBiMi, 1,1,1, „|, 1,1, GOPHER ■■■ ' ■ ' ■IWI«I«I«I«IWI»IMIMIWIBI«IMI»H iiiiiaiBi«iBi«i,i,i,i,i,i,i,i,i,i,i,i,i,iM 19 2 ■iHiaiai,iai,i,i,i,i,i,i,i,i, iBiBiHiaiaiaii Page 41 ' ■ ' " IWI»l«IWI«l»l«fl«IHIMI«IMI«l«IWIWf GOPHE.R ■ ' ■ ' • ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■l«IWIWHflWIWI«ff «l«l« i ■ COLLEGE OF SCIENCE, LITERATURE, AND ARTS iliiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii)ii!iiiiiiiiiiiiiiii;iTi(iii[iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiit[niiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii;i[iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiii THE experience ol the College of Science, Literature, and Arts for the year 1918-1919 has been determined largely by the S. A. T. C. The S. A. T. C. required that the year be divided into three terms of twelve weeks each. The students of the College in the fall quarter consisted of about 1,200 civilians and of a large num- ber of students of other colleges and of the S. A. T. C, who were taking a jjart or the whole of their work in this College. In addition to its regular work, the College gave certain of the courses required for the S. A. T. C. The War Issues course was given by a score of instructors most of whom belonged to the faculty of this College, organized under Professor A. B. Wliite as director. This course for the Colleges of Engineering and Dentistry was given by the Depart- ment of Rhetoric in connection with the instruction in Rhetoric. The Department of Economics gave most of the instruction in the Quartermaster and Ordnance corps. In the winter and spring quarters the College has returned to normal conditions, as far as possible. A large number of new students, recent graduates of high schools, were admitted in January. The four quarter system having been adopted by the University as a whole, the Advisory Committee has given very careful attention to working out the measures necessary to adapt the college curriculum to the quarter system. At the opening of the spring quarter, the College offered for the first time courses for the training of workers in the field of Americanization of immigrants. This work is in charge of an Executive Committee, the chairman of which, Professor A. E. Jenks, is director of the Americanization Training Course. Joseph B. Johnston. ! iBiBiaiBiaiBiBiBiBiBii 19 20 ■laiaiaiBiBiBiBiaiaiBi ■laiaiaiBiaiHiaiBiiii Page 42 imi»fl«l«l« « «ffl«l«l«IWI« ' " ' « ' ' " GOPHER ■iMiwiwi ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ " ' " ' " ' ' ' ' ' ' ! ■ .■.-.■.■ ■■■■.■■■■■.■ ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■i» 1 9 20 ■i«i«i«i « ' » ' - ' «i» ' - ' " - ' - ' « ' ' " " ' " - Page 43 ■ IWI»I«IHIMIW1«I«|BIB1M1BIM|BIM|M|MI»|B GOPHER ■ ' ■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■I ■l« ' »l ■! ■■■flHIWIMI ■!■ A Concise Guide to the Campus Fohvell Hall I will make no wild conjecture On the sort of architecture That was utilized in building Folwell Hall: As it stands there in its splendor. Rather long and very slender. I ' ve a fancy for the building, all in all. It is hard to grow ecstatic On the third floor or the attic. And to cheer about the basement is absurd — But its corridors and aisling Is in hexagonic tiling And it has the best acoustics you have heard. The Library Wlien thev built the Libe thev planned a Rather neat and chic veranda. Whereupon they placed the pillars tall and white. It is quite unostentatious; But then fancy, goodness gracious. If they overdid it — what an awful sight! On the inside they will get you Any book you want, and let you Take it home with you, or not. (It ' s one to them, i But unless you ' re quite receding, Thev will load you up with reading — When the chances are vou came to set a fem. i»l«l«IMI»l»l»l«fl«IMI«IMI«l»f I 9 20 ■laiHIBIBIBIBIBIBIBIBIBIBiaiaiBIBIBiajHIIII Page U ■ IMI«IHI«lg|IWIBIBIMIMIMIMf IMI,IB,,I,I, COPHE.R ■■■■■■■■■■■■■TaTJllMIWlMI ■IMIBIBrWIBI ■!■ Fillsbury Hall If you ' ve tendencies botanic ou are sure to have a panic When the steps that lead to Pillsbury you see; Out of breath with agitation. Students curse their registration As they struggle up those stairs with weary knee. et in spite of all vexation One gets higher education In old Pills than any other place in town: And when once you really get there I have never heard one vet care — For just lliink — it is so easy to get down! Chemistry There ' s an odor oriental. hich is far from accidental, That pervades the cheerless corridors of Cheni. liere the student who is fickle With his studies calls on Nichol- Son and Iries to stay in school by stratagem. You may talk of Rome or Venice And of smells that seem a menace; Or of odors so intense they can be seen — But the lowest sort of heathen Would resent the smells you breathe in W hen you " re groping for the office of the Dean. ■ r«IWIBI«l«IMIMiBl»lMlMlB|aiaiMiaiB|B|B|B 19 20 ■laiaiMiaiBiaiBiaiaiMIBIBiaiBIMIfllHIBiaiB Page 45 ■ [■l«l»IMIMIMIWIMIBIMIMfl«IBIBIMIBIMIB GOPHEJ ■■■[■■■■■■■flWI WflWI ■! ■ WlWfflWI ■!■ The University Health Service A STl DENTS ' Hospital, modern in every respect, of twenty-five beds, and a dispensary witli facilities for taking care of one hundred students daily, is maintained by the Health Service, which occupies temporary quarters in Pillsbury Hall. During the first two quarters of the present year more than six hundred bed patients were cared for. and over thirteen thousand visits were made by students to the dispensary, for treatment. The Health Service endeavors to be a most potent factor in reducing to the very minimum that prodigous annual academic and economic loss due to indisposition and illness of students. Further its aim is to help each student entering the Lni- versity to possess a healthy, vigorous, active and harmoniously developed body. There are three main lines to its activities: personal attention, sanitation, and education. 1. Personal Division: This division is concerned with the physical examination of all students. Complete physical records are to be kept. From each record can be determined, in a large measure, just what procedure is essential to keep the student in the best physical condition during his academic life. 2. Division of Sanitation : The students ' environments must be made as hygienic as possible. Hence this division concerns itself with the sanitarv conditions both on and off the campus. 3. Education: Finally, every student in the University must be made familiar with the elements of personal and public hvgiene. Through courses in this subject, daily bulletins, exhibits, lectures, etc., this information is to be disseminated. Dr. John Sundwall. BiaiBIBIBfBiaiBIBiaiBtaiaiBIBIB I 9 20 ■l«l«flBI»l«IBIWI«l«l» ' «l«l»l»l« ' M ' ' »l»l ' Page 46 ■ ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■i»i«iwfi«i«i»fiwiwi»i» COPHEJ ■■■fiwiwiwiBi«iwiwiwi»iwiwt»i«iwiwi«i»t ■ ■lBI«CI»IBIMIMIMIBiai«l«fl«l«l»IBI»l»IB 19 20 ■!■!■ I ■ !■ I ■ !■ I ■ I ■ I ■! ■ I ■ I ■ I ■ ! ■! ■ IMIWIW I ■!■! " ojt 47 ' H ' ■■■[■[■[■■■■■[■■■[■[■IMIMIMIWIBIMIMIMIB GOPHE.R ■! " I " ! " ! ■ ' ■■■■■flWfl«l»IWIWI«IM ' »l ■!■! COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE Illlllllllllllll|[lllll1lllll!llll[||llllllllllinllllllltllllllll]lll)lllllll[|[|[llllinillllllllilll[llllllllll1llllllllllllllilllnlllllltiri[||llllillllllllll|[||||ll]|||lll![|[|||||] FOLLOWING is a resume of the activities of the Col- lege of Agriculture in the war: Personnel. Thirty-six members of the teaching, re- search, or extension staffs entered some form of Govern- ment Service, one of whom died while in service. Two huiiilred thirtv-four ouiig men who were enrolled as students in the College at the outbreak of the war en- tered militarv serxice, and thirteen of these made the supreme sacrifice on the battlefield or in camp. Two hundred and thirty-five students or former students of the Central School of Agriculture and nearly two hun- dred students from the schools at Crookston and Morris were in military or naval service, with twenty-eight gold stars on the service flags of these two schools at the cessation of hostilities. Instructional. Fourteen special concentration courses for early preparation of men for special agricultural Regular courses in Agriculture. Forestrv, and Home Eco- as to fit wartime needs for increased food production and service were established, nomics were modified so conservation. College credit was granted for agricultural service during the first summer of the war. Special short courses were provided for army mess-sergeants, and for traction engineers. The short course for editors w-as largely devoted to war publicity. A school for special mechanical training for enlisted armv men was established under contract with the L nited States War Department, and a total of 1630 soldiers were each given an eight-week course of intensive training in black- smithing, wood working or electricity. Agricultural Extension Work. Practically tlie entire extension organization of the War Department, supplanted by more than thirty additional specialists employed tlirough emergency appropriations by the Federal Government, was turned over to the campaign for wartime food production and conservation. The director of Agricultural Extension served as Federal Food Administrator for Minnesota, and the chief of the division of Home Economics as assistant food administrator in charge of Women ' s Work. Two other members of the staff acted as chiefs of impor- tant divisions of the Food Administration Work. A farm bureau was organized in each of the eighty-six counties of the state, an agricultural agent secured for each laiaiaiaiBiBiaiaiaiBiaiBiBia 19 20 ■fffiaiaiaiaiaiaiataiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiai fl«l»IBI«IWIWIBI«flHIHfl«IW|«|MIM I ■!■ GOPHER ■■■ ' ■I ■ ■laiHiaiHIBIBIBIBIBIBII founl . ,inil .1 luuiu- (ll•Illl)rl llatioll afieiil in cacli dI eight counties. Tliese agents spent their cnlire lime in |iiiinuiiing wartime efficieney in farniing and home management. Agricultural Research. Immediately on Americas entrance into the war, the AgricuhLual Experiment .Station stall proceeded to organize its research work to meet the emergency needs. The production of sugar substitutes, the utilization of substitutes for wheat flour, the protluction of meat and dairy products from feeds other than those which could be utilized as human food, the increased use of skim milk and cheese as human food, active campaigns against plant and animal ]iests and diseases which were limiting food production, stimulation of war garden work, and an active campaign of publicity for immediate general adoption of the best known agricultural ])rocesses, were important contributions by the Station to wartime needs. Miscellaneous. Nearly one-half the members of the department served on various I ' ederal, State, or Scientific boards, committees, or commissions for the active prose- cution of emergency wartime activities. The State Committee on Increased Food Production and Conservation, the Barberry Eradication Campaign, and the Federal White Pine Blister Rust Work were largely organized and officered by members of this de])artment, while other participated actively in war camp community service, Red Cross work, Four-Minute men, and similar enterprises. Subscriptions to the various war work campaigns bv members of the Department were as follows: Second Liberty Loan. S35,600; Third Liberty Loan, 831,850; Fourth Libertx Loan, .§36,500: United War Work, $2,2.52. R. W. Thatcher. . g m " s O i flWIBI»flBI»l»l«l»l»l«l»l»IBI«IWI«l«IBIW I 9 20 Mf ■ I«IWI»IHI«IBIWIMIKIMI«IWIBIMIWIMIWIWIWIM GOPHER ■l " l«IMI " l " IWIWl«flWIMI«l»l«l«l«IW ' ■ ' ■ ' The Sad Case of Oscar A model chap was Oscar when he started off to school With simple taste and free of all pretenses; His father bought his ticket and he made a little rule That Oscar should account for all expenses. " And furthermore. " said father, as he took him by the hand. " You ' re not to spend a cent for fancy trimmin " . 1 ain " t a millionaire by far, so see you understand; And keep away from all the silly women. " So Oscar uent his simple way with calmness and placidity. And buckled doiin to studies with the greatest oj avidity; Till some designing Fate stepped in one day just after class And put before his yearning gaze a tempting Freshman lass. oiv Oscar grew to like the girl in something of a way. And step by step (at least so I conjecture). He walked two miles to class with her most every .single day; And three miles back again at close of lecture. He sometimes picked her flowers, as they grew beside the path, And often offered gum to her to munch on: But one day he forgot himself as they strolled out of Math — And Oscar bid the woman out to luncheon. He ' d hardly said the words before he felt in full their gravity; If hat would his father say, he wondered, at this mad depravity? He fin-ally decided that his father he ivould foil — By charging up the party to a " dose of castor oil. " The moment he had done this deed, things went from bad to worse; He took her over-town in search of pleasures; He padded his expense account to balance with his purse By pens, pajamas, soap, and bushel measures. Whenever they would get a bite to eat before a play " A dozen scissors " balanced up the waiter; He got a little Ford machine to see what she would say, And charged it up as " one spring cultivator. " I ' ve often thought it funny that his father uasn ' t wondering Just why his son ivas prone to do such most apparent blundering, .lust think- of buying shutting-cream most every day — the knave. Of course his father wasn ' t wise because he didn ' t shave. Along about the last of May a rival came one day And started in to rival with a fervor. That Oscar was quite out of it, and outre, and passe Could be perceived by any chance observer. But he was game and stuck it out. just hoping time would bun: _ ,, A change (he spent a lot in aggravation). 1 ; Until the party when she showed the other fellow ' s ring. He charged it off to " higher education. " ' That there ' s a moral to this tale is easily believable. It ' s clear, and it ' s apparent, and it ' s easily perceivable: — When going with a girlie, it is never very tvise To let her have a rival who is nearly twice your size. laiBiBiBiaiBiaiBiBia 1 9 20 ■i«i«i»ihi»i " i«i«i»i " i " | " i«i " i " i wi ' " ' ' Page 50 ■ l«l«l»l«IWIHIMI«IM|«IMiaiMiaiaiMIBIMIM GOPHER ■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■IWI«IWI»I«IWI»1MIMIMI«I» i N Training School for Mechanics FROM April 8 until October 15. 191o. the facilities of the agricultural campus were turned over toward a military and training s chool for mechanics. Dean R. W. Thatcher was appointed director. It was planned to send three contingents of 500 men each for two months of training; in reality. 1.629 men attended the three sessions. Four courses were offered: blacksmithing. car|)entrv. bench wood working, and electricity. Under the direction of Professor A. C. Krey, a course in War Aims was also given. The following table shows the details on the work of the various detachments: piil 8 JuneH Blacksmitlis 100 Carpenters 81 Bench Wood Workers 201 Electricians 123 Total 505 Jim.- 15 Aususl 16 August U O.I. IS Tulal 107 107 314 87 232 400 215 85 501 145 146 414 554 570 l.f)29 IMlWI«l«l»l«IMI«IMIBIBI»l«IBfl«IBlBlMlB|B I9 20 BIMIM I ■■■ I ■!■ I ■ I ■! ■!■ I ■ ■ C ■IMiaiBIHIHiaiMI Toje 5( ■ [■■■■■[■■■■■[■[■■■[■■■IMIMIMIBIMflMIM COPHE.R ■ I ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■I " ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■I " ' " ' ■ ' ■ ' SCHOOL OF CHEMISTRY iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii THE educational problems which confront the School of Chemistry are intricate and manifold. This has been true in the past, but has now assumed a new aspect as a result of the remarkable developments in chemical research and in chemical industry in this country, which have come as the aftermath of the war. The elementary courses offered by the School of Chem- istry are thronged with students from all schools and colleges of the University. In 1919-20, it is anticipated - that some fourteen hundred Freshmen and four hundred Sophomores will be enrolled in the School of Chemistry. L National societies of the various professional branches ■ are recommending more extensive training in the funda- k L mental sciences, especially in chemistry, as prerequisites V l for professional training in their provinces. The School of Chemistry must anticipate these demands and prepare for them as they arise. To meet the requirements of students majoring in chemistrv. the various curricula must be revised. Intensive and specialized training must be introduced for students who plan to pursue research with the expectation of taking higher degrees. Facilities for this work in the nature of men. equipment, books, and research laboratories must be provided. The greatest need of the School of Chemistry at this moment is a building de- signed for instruction of students enrolled in Chemical Engineering. No province of chemistry in the University has been affected so vitally by the war as Chemical En- gineering. The demands of industry require almost a revolution in the University training of the Chemical Engineer. Old time methods will be supplanted by modern ones, which will enable graduates to accommodate themselves to the exacting re- quirements and competition met by professional students as they enter upon their life-work. It is hoped that a building suited to these needs will be made possible in the immediate future. Lauder W. Jones. .laiaiaiBiBiaiaiB 1 9 20 ■i«iBci«iBiMi«i»iwi«i " i " i " iai " i " ' i Page 52 (■laisiaiHiHiHiBiBiaiaiBiBiBiBiBiaiMiaiM GOPHE.R mi ■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■i ■!■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■ " liaiBIBIBIBIBiaiBI ■ laiaiBiaiaiBiaiBiBiHiBiB 1 9 20 BiBiBiaiBiaiaiBiBiaiBiaiaiaiBiaiBiMiaiBiBi Pagt S3 ■ [■[■iw «i«iBi«iBiaiHi«iMi«miBiBiMfiBf GOPHER ■■■■■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■i»iwi»i»i« The Annual Gas Attack H; a ■ ■ ■ ■ Local Anacsfhetics DRS. Harding. Sidener. Wliitmore. and Smeed were out hunting again last week. Outside of a few Camels nothing was bagged. The correct molecular weight of nicotine has been found by the " freeze out " method. The gentlemen responsible are shown below. Lost: A quart of strained ether. Return to either Eddy Currents or Ethvl Amine. Drs. Busch and Buck Wallfred. consulting specialists, ofl ' er little hope for the recovery of Al K. Hall, seriously ill since December. They predict a crisis in July. W. K. Co-ed (in Shevlin) : Oh! Mrs. Lund, please stay a little longer, can ' t you? Mrs. Lund ( to the shocked, shy thing) : No. 1 have to go back and prepare the bath for the ciiemists. ■ laiaiB 1 9 20 ■fiBi«iBiaffi«i»iwi«i»iwi«iBi«wi«fi»i Page 54 IIHI«IWI«flTM|W|«IM|M,,l„BIMI, GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWI IIMIHIHiaiHIHIBIBIBIBIH jr ly Some Cells are Padded THE illustration at the left is the only picture in existence of the Juniors at work. Thev posed for I his one. That fact may explain the worried look on Mac ' s face. On the other hand, he niav be thinking of the future again. In the foreground are .Messrs. Fieger antl Sternberg of the well known lirni of A. N. Parrett Co. Ram- sey, Hoff, Korfhage. and Buckley are at their usual task of making a test for the solute of absolute alcohol. In the other corner are ' tt ' iker. Anderson, Pearson, and Busch. Thev are the men who actually determined the freezing point of strained ether. Reck is working — as usual: and Reu. the man who determined the molecular weight of NaCl as 37.1. is in the far corner. Geiger: Pearson, what is the atomic weight of Brass? Pearson: I used to know, but I have forgotten. Geiger: That ' s too bad. ou ' re the only one who ever knew, and you have forgotten. Jlmor: Is Dean Jones in? Dean ' s Secretary: No. He went out after lunch. Jlnior: Will he be in after lunch? Dean ' s Secretary : o ! That ' s what he went out after. Freshman: Did you get anything out of this Chemistry course? Jlmor: Yes; matches. ■ ■■l«l«l»l»fl«IMI«iai«IB|»l«iaiaiaia «H 19 2O ■l»l«l«l«IBJ«l»lBIMI»l«IMIM|BIBlMIMf ihihi Page 55 ■ [■■■■■[■■■[■[■■■■■[■[■flMIBIBIMIBIBIM GOPHE.R ■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■IMfl»l " l " l ■ ' ■ ' COLLEGE OF DENTISTRY liiiiiiiiiniiiliiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiitiMiiiiiiiiiii!iirii!iiiiiiiiiiiiii ' iiiiTri[iiiiiiiiiiiiiin!i;ii[iiiiiiiii)ini);iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii!)i»iiiiiiiiiiiiiiii»iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiii miiitiii ' iirMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiimmiiiiiiiiiimmiiiii THE year I ' JIIM ' J i marked by a highly significant forward movement in dental education — the adoption by American university dental schools of a five-year den- tal course. This becomes obligatory in 1920. In Min- nesota it is alreatly in operation, with fifty-six students now voluntarilv enrolled. It seems to have come about, like the four-year course, by natural evolution in response to a demand for a sound fundamental knowledge upon which to base the purely technical training. That this closer approacli to medicine, of which dentistry is in the last analysis a special phase, is highlv desirable, there can be no faintest doubt. Minnesota may be proud to have taken the initial step. The College is gratified In the war record of both students and facultvs One-fifth of the facullv members, fortv per cent of the alumni. and all able-bodied students have lent themselves to one form or another of war service. Practically all of the 1917 class were commissioned: all of the 1918 class saw service in camp or field. The College finds itself greatlv the better for the presence of the returned soldiers and marines, who have brought back to their work an earnestness of spirit and a breadth of purpose only obtained through a deep cosmic experience. Alfred Owre. sBIBIBIBIBiaiBIB I 9 20 ■mi«l«IBIBI»l»l»l " l " l " ' " l«IMI " ' " ' " ' ' ' " ' Page 56 ■ ■■[■[■■■[■■■[■[■■■[■[■f ■■IMIBIBIMIBJMIB GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■I ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■I ■ ' ■ Boa Trip. M y 9 8 GisLss Arm ■ laiBiaiBiBiBiaiaiaiaiaiBiaiBiaiaiBiBiBiBis 1 siaiaiaiaiBiBiai c aiBiBiaiaiai Pa e 57 ■ ■[■[■■■[■[■IBIMIHIWiaiMIMIBIMIMIMIM GOPHE.R ■! ■■■■■■■■■■■■■flWI»«WI ■IWI»IW ' «I ■ ' ■ ' Dr. Lund (after lecturing to class of Dents on parthenogen- esis, phytoplanktons, radio- larial and globigerina ooze I: Please remember, after you get out to be doctors, that using big words does not necessarily prove that vou know a lot. Dentistry Student Council Dean Alfred Owre SENIORS R. K. Hawxey K. R. Britzius W. T. Williams FRESHMEN Paul Wilke JUNIORS Paul Risk A. H. Maze SOPHOMORES Harold Jacobson A 1 our Rnonintatc ' s Girl ROOM ATE always has a girl. You never see the girl; but he always has a picture of her. A picture never does a roommate ' s girl justice. The eyes arn ' t quite as dark as they are in the photograph. They are blue. Besides that, vour roommates " girls always have their own little wonderful way of looking at one. It sort of gets you. they say. The nose is never that big. It is really a sort of tip-tilted nose. Her mouth is much prettier too. She has rose-bud lips. She has a remarkable profile, and a dimple that doesn ' t show in the picture. If you ever saw her you would agree that the picture doesn ' t do her justice. Mavbe vou agree without seeing her. At anv rate, vou will have to take vour roommate ' s word for her. aiBiBiBiaiBiBiaiBlV 1 9 20 ■l«iwiBfiai«i«i»i " ' «r»i«iBiwi»i«i« «i«i«i Page 58 ■ ■■IWI»IHI«fl«l«IBIMW|«IMIMf IMIMIMIB GOP HEIR ■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■[■■■■■■■■■flW ' «UI» Un the Boat Trip lie stars were in their places. Slowly tlie i l_-| t l . j n rose, and on the calmness of the lake a BII ._J „„ ' ;,„,, wi»™»if sand silvery ripples were born. |» M- T " — ' »—tmmm m moon thousand silvery ripples " Look. " he said softly, bendino; close to whis- per it in her ear. " Isnt it woiulerlul ' . ' ' " Yes. " she admitted in her casual noonday voice, ' " It sure is. They say it ' s awfully hot up there on the moon iho — too hot for anything to live. " A slow breeze stirred, sweet and warm. A sense of dim romance seemed to float on the air. " The fragrance of the roses, " he began again, " might have come from magic casements in some far distant fairy land. " " Huh. " she muttered. " That ain ' t roses at all — that ' s me. " The Dentist A dentist is a model chap: No matter what occurs or hap- Pens, you will find him full of kind compassion. He tackles problems tooth and nail. He ' s not the kind to grope or fail — He looks at things in such an open fashion. For mending little social breaks Or smoothing out the small mistakes That oft occur, you ' ll find if you consult these Most expert and polished diplomats. They ' ll gladly fix your little spats — They ' re good I you see) at bridging difficulties. In military science too. The dentist proves that thru and lliru He ' s versed in all affairs of war and killing. But there is. as you plainly see, No reason why he shouldn ' t be — He spends so much time every day at drilling. At dinner, if you lack a guest. It wouldn ' t be a bad request To ask your dentist. There are countless cases When tliey have helped to save the day — They ' ve such a nice efficient way Of filling in all sorts of funny places. And yet, despite his social grace, I find that I can never face A dentist without oftentimes de|)loring That when you sit anil chat with him His humor frequently grows grim; .And oftentimes you finfl that he is boring. l«l»IBIBI«flMI«l«Cl«l«iai»IBI«l»l»l«IMI» 1 9 20 ■fl«IMIWIBI«l»IWIMIWI»l»l«IWI»IHfl«l«WI Page 59 ■ [■iMIMIBIMIHIWlMIMIBIHIHIMIBIBIBIMIMIMIB GOPHE.R ■ I ■■■l» ' M ' " l " l " IM ' W ' ■ ' ■!■ ■■1«I»IW ' «I " I " ' a a ■ m COLLEGE OF EDUCATION tiitilitiiliiiiliiiil!ilil[iliii]iiiiiiii[[[iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinii[iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii [[iiiiuiiii iiiiiiiNMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiim iiiiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiintmii nm iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii THE special function of the College of Education is the training of teachers for the public schools of the stale. But teaching like every other profession has i)een lirterentiateil. General courses designed to pre- pare all kinds ol teachers no longer meet with favor. The increasing complexity of educational problems and the necessitv for specialization in the training of teach- ers has forced upon the College of Education the grant- ing of more than thirty kinds of special certificates. To serve the needs of various groups of students pre- paring for teaching, the College of Education has or- ganized on a department basis. The following depart- ments have been created : Department of Art Education. Department ot Educational Administration and Su- pervision. Department of Educational Psychology. Department of History and Philosophy of Education. Department of Theorv and Practice of Teaching. Department of Trade and Industrial Education. Department of Home Economics Education. Department of Agricultural Education. Curricula have been established for the training of teachers in the academic subjects, the training of superintendents, supervisors, principals, teachers of de- fective children, heads of normal school departments in high schools, art teachers, teachers in trades and industries, home economics, and agriculture. Advanced work is also offered for those who wish to work for the degree of Master of Arts or the degree of Doctor of Philosophv. aiBiBiBiBraiaiBiBia 1 9 20 ■ffl«i«iBi»i ■iwi " i» ■ ' ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' Wi " i " i Page 60 ■ iwi»i«iHi«iwi«i«i«i«iBi«i«iwi«i«iwiwiw GOPHE.R ■ " ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ' ' " ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' " ' ' ' ' ' III (I 1(1 l i niiiiid She reads to us of velvet dews, or breezes gentiv blowing: or night-lall decked in somber hues, Of cattle — and their lowing. She tells us of the gay sunset In dazzling tones of light — But darn it all. it ' s hard to get That stuff in black and white! She pleases us with tales of sprite, And elf, and dainty fairv; The romances she tells delight With ])hantasies quite airv; And et — when she has closed her book The all its charm we " ve caught — Its hard to make darned things to look At all the way they ought! The pictures on this page shows that the girls of the . rt Department did their best last season to fill men ' s places. However, most of them made just the fizzle of it that the girl in the lower right hand corner does with Mr. James. Aspirations of the Six Junior Men (A Confidential Expose " By the Women. " ) 1. Lynch: Expects to become a glee club soloist and hopes to monopolize someone else ' s fair lady at Curtis Court. 2. Peterson: Hopes to pay up all his fines and in- demnities and refrain from social dances. .3. Rodlan: Aspires to become a tactful short change artist thru practice at the Union. 4. Olson: Has his heart set on mastering the Kula folkdance and a partner therein. 5. Henderson: Expects to settle tlown as a flights ornithologist. 0. James: Hopes to become intimatelv a(([iiainted with that Senior parasitology queen. Page 61 l»l«I IBI«IWIW1»l«miM|M|MlBIM|B|BlB|M|M GOPHER ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWIWIWflMIWIMI ■!! n I Faculty of the College of Education in the Service Dean L. D. Coffman . . . Head of Department of Educatio n Surgeon General ' s Office, Washington. D. C. Major M. E. Haggerty . . Division of Physical Reconstruction Surgeon General ' s Office, Washington, D. C. Captain W. S. Miller . . . Psychological Division. Camp Dodge. Iowa Head of Educational Service. Fort Snelling Lieutenant C. L. Harlan . . Psychological Division, Camp Dix, A. . Head of Educational Service, Camp Dix, New Jersey Oscar J. Johnson .... Psychological Division. Camp Dodge. Iowa ,, TT c Army }. M. C. A.. Fort Snelling and Harold H. Sontag .... , , n •, .■ »,• ,■ ( Overland Duilding. Minneapolis The Service of Minnesota ' s Psychologists IT has lieen the psychological department of the arniv which has enabled the American army, almost instanllv. to draw from its many camps and cantonments specially qualified enlisted men to meet any technical or special service emergency. This department also has done signal service in rating officers of the army and candidates for commissions according to an acknowledgedly efficient system of com- parative markings. The University of Minnesota contributed several men who have won distinction in this branch of the service, and who are, only of recent weeks, beginning to re- ceive credit for their part in winning the war. Those from the University who entered this branch of the service were Colonel Robert M. Yerkes, appointed from Harvard to become chief of the Minnesota Psychological Department; Prof. M. E. Haggertv of the Department; Prof. W ' . S. Aliller, principal of University High School; and Prof. Henry T. Moore, assistant professor of Psychology. Colonel Yerkes was to have reported at Minnesota at the beginning of the 1917-18 year. He was made chief of the division of Psychology in Surgeon General Blue ' s section of the War Department and has held that post since the formation of this liranch of the service. Captain Miller, after serving at Camp Dodge. Des Moines. Iowa, until last December, has been transferred to Fort Snelling, Minn. Here he is chief of the educational service of U. S. General Hospital No. 29. holding a rank that is junior only to that of the hospital commandant. Major Haggerty also is stationed in the offices of the surgeon general and has been at the head of the section of the psychological division which gathered the reconstruction aides for the L . S. army hospitals — the persons who are listed as occupational and psycho-therapy experts. Lieutenant Moore is serving at New Colonial Hospital. Rahway, N. J., as head of the psychological department of that institution, after having served for many months in a similar capacity at Camp Cody, Deming, New Mexico. 1 JiiaiMIBIBI»iai«l«fl»f 19 20 ■flBI«flBl»l»IWIMI»l»l»l«l»iai«l«IMI«IWI Page 62 [■[■[■[■[■■■■■[■■■■■■■[■IMIBIMIMIMIHIWIB GOPHE.R ■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■I " I " ' The W ar W ork of Dean Coffman THE Surgeon General of the L nited Stales Army in July. lyUS. designated twenty- three general hospitals in this country as centers for the functional restoration of disabled and sick soldiers. ilh the signing of the armistice this number was increased to fortv. These hosjjitals were distributed all over the L nited States from the Atlantic to tiie Pacific and from Fort Snelling in Minnesota to Fort Sam Houston in Texas. In these centers soldiers re(]uiring rehabilitation received the best treatment which American science, medical, surgical, psychological and educa- tional, could provide. The feature of the work which Dean Coffman was invited to organize was the curative work schedule. The original purpose of the curative work was the restora- tion of disabled or partiallv disabled muscles or limbs, but it was soon found that any kind of useful work which would cause the soldier to think of his future would hasten his cure. Consequently programs of studies in academic and technical fields were organized and a staff of more than one thousand patriotic men and women from colleges, normal schools and public schools were commissioned or employed as teachers. The first representatives of the educational services to reach these soldiers were the reconstruction aides, high minded, well trained, patriotic women, who went into the wards as educational missionaries, partlv for the ])urpose of making the men forget their condition, and partlv for the purpose of interesting them in some kind of purposeful work. This was no mean service to perform. In the past the American people have exalted indolence and glorified a life of idleness on the part of the soldier. The educational service of the reconstruction department injected a new idea into the situation, and that was that no man should go out from the hospitals without feeling that a peculiar obligation rested upon him to contribute to social welfare within the limits of his physical and mental possibilities. Tiie reconstruc- tion aides gave the men all sorts of occupations from handicraft exercises to instruc- tion in slenotvping. stenographv, library work, silver smithing, telegraphy, tele- phoning, while they were still bed patients. As soon as the ambulatory stage was reached, the men were transferred during certain hours of the day ' to the shops of the educational service, where it was possible for them to receive instruction in any one of a large number of trades or in some of the academic subjects. The academic instruction ranged from the teaching of illiterates to the teaching of secondary subjects. The introduction of useful purposive work of a prevocational and vocational nature provided one of the best disciplinary agencies in the hospitals. Military men who formerly had felt that the wise thing to do was to provide only surgical and medical treatment, readily agreed, after the curative shops had been constructed, that they were as indispensable to the cure of men and their final restoration to society as medical and surgical treatment. The organization of the educational service in tiie iio.-pital,-- involved the writing of courses of study. These courses were divideil into units, jobs, or tasks, thus enabling each individual to begin at the place which corresponded to his abilitv, professional training and experience. In other words, the curative work shop scheme of the general hospitals of America represented the most gigantic attempt that the world has ever seen to |3rovide individual instruction. ■ I»IB1»IBIBI«IMIMIBIWI«IBIBI»I»I»I«I»I«IB I 9 20 ■!■! ■ I ■!■ I ■ !■ 1 ■ I ■ I ■! ■ I ■! ■ I ■■■■■ffl ■! ■!■ ' Page 63 IMI«i«IWl«l«l«IBIM|M|MlMf IMIMIMiai, GOPHE.R ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■I ■■■■■■■■■■■l«l»IWI»l ■!■ a |!e; B COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND ARCHITECTURE THE history of the present war will, when finally written, contain the records of the great achieve- ments of the engineer. The war has emphasized the im- portance of scientifically trained men in warfare as well as in business. With the opening of the war, the Government en- listed engineers into the service as rapidly as possible, and the University of Minnesota has contributed its share. Our records show that at least two hundred fifty students, two hundred alumni and fourteen members of the faculty engaged in work for the Army and Navy. The College of Engineering itself took up for the War and Navy Departments the training of men for active service. As soon as war was declared the Me- chanical Engineering Department changed the work of its regular courses so as to better fit students for en- listment in the Navy. In the Electrical Engineering Department the courses were adapted to the needs of the United States Signal Corps, and in Civil Engineering the demands of the Sanitary and Engineer Corps of the Army were considered. Shortly after entrance into the war, the Government was confronted with the lack of mechanics, and it was necessary to provide special training for men to serve in the mechanical branches of the army work. In June, 1918, this College took up the training of enlisted men as automobile mechanics, radio opera- tors, machinists, blacksmiths, and telephone electricians. Altogether between June 15 and December 1 the Engineering College trained al)out one thousand men. During the summer of 1918 these men were housed in the Main Engineering Building and the Armory. After the opening of college the men were transferred to the Maxwell Building. We never realize d until this summer what an excellent hotel the Main Engineering Building made, and at one lime there were six hundred men rooming in the building. The work of the Vocational Section of the S. A. T. C. was more satisfactory than expected, and those in charge were well pleased with the results obtained. In addition to the training of men for the Army, this College took up the training of machinist males, second class, for the Navy Department. These men were trained in steam engineering in the Experimental Laboratory and in plant operation in the tdd power house on the Campus. This work was done under the supervision of the ■ l«l«l«IBI»l»l» 1 9 20 ■l«l«l«IBIPI»l»IMIMI«l»IMI«IWI»IBflBI«f Page 64 ■ IWI»l»l«IMIMI«r«l«IWIMIBIMIBIMIM|HIMIM COPHE.R ■ ' ■■■fl« ' «l«l«l«IW ' WI ■! ■■■I»I«I«IWI ■■■ -J j, - l m SH I Pji . J5 1 » » «V 3«iS 1 .., 1 Ul .1 JUNIOR EN(;INEER.S Meclianical Department. Thev were also given some work in pattern making;, foundry and drawing. The work for the xNavy was begun on July 1, 191o, and continuetl until March 1, 1919. The Experimental Engineering Laboratory equipment was used for the testing of war materials. Among the items tested were eight hundred gun carriage axles for the War Department. The war has emphasized and brought to the attention of more young men than ever before the necessity of thorough training. Many young men are now returning to college from the Army and Navy, and more expect to come. Many of these young men had not previously considered coming to college, but their work in the Army has made them realize the necessity for thorough scientific training. In this respect the war has had an excellent effect on the voung men of the country in stimulating their desire for a thorough education that will jjrepare them for their life work. John R. Allen. The Engincrrs ' Canto to the Dent (After Liird Byron ' s " To the Oceiiii " ) Go on. liidu rough-neck Engineer, go on! A thousand Dents have scoffed you, but in vain; Mere Dent is but an incident; His work Ends with his day. Upon our lauded name All things that breathe achieve a i)Iace: nor doth remain A shadow of a chance lor any Dent. When for shekels he may wish to bridge a chasm In imitation of a structure quite too grand. He pries — his patient cries — forsooth; He ' s quite inane! ■ iBiHiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiB IB laiaiBiBia !■!■ 1 9 20 aiaiaiaiaiaiHiaiBiHiaiHiai l agc 65 ■ l«l»l»i«IHIWI«IBIMIHIBIMI«IBmi»IBIWIM GOPHER ■■■■■ffflWIWIWI«l»IMfl«l»l«flWI ■!■! Training for Army Mechanics FROM June 1.5 until December 15, three groups of soldiers, totaling 983 men, were trained in the Engineering College as auto mechanics, machinists, blacksmiths, and radio operators. An intensive course of eight weeks was offered each group. All the men were members of the National Armv. were built near Northrop Field to house the men. The detailed figures follow: During the summer, barracks Auto Mechanics . Blacksmiths Machinists Radio Men Telephone Electricians Juno l.i August 15 260 23 32 49 Total 364 August 15 Oct. 15 270 66 98 434 Oct. 15 Dec. 15 183 183 Total 530 23 32 115 183 983 In addition, naval cadets in training at Dunwoody Institute were given courses at the University. The work covered a period of four months. In all 243 men were enrolled. aiBiBiBiBiaiaiBiaiBiBiBia I 9 20 ■■■i«i»i»ibi " iwiwi " i " i " ' " i«i " ' »i " ' i i " i ' .i Page 66 [■■■[■[■[■■■■■IMflBIHIHIMIMIBIBIMIMIMf GOPHE.R ■! ■■■fffi ■!■ ' ■ ' ■ ' 1 ' » ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■I ■!■ ' ■ ■mil III ii II II I II I h I iV ;■■ ■■ n, t " " ' r, ' 4| I e ; A » mSwil» iiBiBiBiBiaiBiBiaiaiaiaiBiBiBiaiaiaiaiaiaiB 1 9 20 ■iwiwiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaian Page 6? flMiWI«l«IBI«l«)BI«l«|HIBI«IBIBIMIBIMIM GOPHER ■■ ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■IW ■■■■■■[■■■I ■!■! wd ' m i L T -T SCHOOL F FORESTRY IIIItlll[IIIIIIIIIIIIiltmiIllllillllllll1l1lll[lll[lllllllllllll1llllll[IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMIII[IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII[lllllllllllllll[ltllllllllllll1llllllltllllllllllllHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIM r " ' I, FORESTRY, like inu?t of the other departments of R i the University, rose to the call of patriotism. With a the outbreak of the war the student body melted away fl lo the Forest Engineers, to the Marine Corps, the Navy, j l ' ' Infantry, the Artillery, the Air Service, to almost ' m H everv recogiiizeil branch of the service. The Department » was stripped to the last man. We would not have had " r4 a it otherwise; and yet it was hard to think that many J ISw " these men whom we had come to know so well might 4 W not come back. L - 1 ® " " fortunate in that only a single gold star L shines amidst the many blue ones of our service flag. ■ m KK Ernest C. Bell, of the class of ' 16, lieutenant in the |k vmkr mt Rainbow division, is asleep in France. He held great k iH r promise, and the University is the poorer by the re- llected glory that he would one dav have surelv brought The blight of the S. A. T. C. has efl ' ectuallv stopped all normal growth for this year, but with the return of men from overseas and the armv camps the effect is gradually wearing off. By next fall the recovery, at least in the lower classes, should be almost complete. For the war, like other evils, has brought a tinge of blessing in its train — dearly bought, " tis true, but none the less a blessing. The war has clearly shown how utterly the strength and prosperity of a country depend upon the successful development of her natural resources. The forests have been proved by no means the least important of these. The place of the forester in the future growth of his country has been more clearly defined. E. G. Cheyney. ■ iBiBiaiBiBiHiaiaiBiaiaiaiB 19 20 ■laiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiBiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiHiaiBiBi Page t ■ l»l»l»IWIHIBIBIBiaiM|MiaiMIMIBIMIMIM|B COPHEJj ■l»r»IWflMIMfl«l«IWIMI«l»IBIBIMIBI IIMI iiMi»i»i«iBi»iMi»fi«i«iBi»iBi«iaiaiBi»iaiB 1 9 20 ■laiaiaiBiaiBiBiaiaiBiBiaiaiBiaiaiaiaiaiBii Pace 69 HMIWIMIMflOIMIHIBIMIMflMIMIBIM GOPHER ■ ' ■!■ ' ■ ' ■■ ■■■■■I ■!■ IWIMIW IMfl ■IMI»I ■!■ E ilgl) 4 [■l»l»IMI«l»l«l«l«l»l 19 20 ■l«l«l«IBIHI«l»IHIMfl»l«IWIWIBI«rWI«iaiBI Pafe 70 ■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■.■.■■■.■■■.■.■.■■■■■ GOPHER ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■ ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' " ■ " ' " - -,-,— .■■■■■.■■■.■.■■■.■■■.■■i T .-. ' — 19 20 ■ ■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■— — ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ Page 71 ■ ■■[■IgflMIMIBIMflMIHIMIBIM GOPHEJ ■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IMIBIWIMflBIBIHI ■!■! -I GRADUATE SCHOOL i;iiiii[|[[iii]|]iiiiiiii[iiiiiiiiiiiiiii[iiiiiiiiiii!niiiiiiii!iiiiiiiiMiii!iiiiii:iniiiiiii[iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiin!iiiit[iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii[iiiii]iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii THE entrance of America into the war simplv transferred a large part of our Graduate School — faculty, students and facilities, visibly and di- rectly into the service of the nation. America at «L 9 IBH I turned to its trained men in chemistry, physics, aI J W H geology, psychology, medicine, agriculture, eco- Sk m Bf m nomics. law. politics, history. The government ser- " W Hi F vice took either directly or indirectly not only the research and scientific staff on this campus and at the Mayo Foundation, but it took the best of their graduate students with them. The spirit, personnel and methods of the Graduate School at Minnesota yl mKI T have been part of the state ' s contribution to the if ' JF . jBP winning of the war. Without the development of 4 . ' v science and research in the graduate schools of f ■ " ' " America in the last twenty-five years, this country could not have played its part in overwhelming Germany, which had put all its science at the ser- vice of a militaristic state. If the state had not supported it even modestly, the University would have made no showing in the fields where research and special training were absolutely vital to the war program. The University of Minnesota ran look with special pride upon the part it played in the work in Washington. Only one other University had more of its faculty in service in Washington than did the University of Minnesota, and of this quota drawn from all the college faculties practically every one was also a member of the teaching staff of the Graduate School. All the processes of peace are ultimately dependent for proper guidance and methods upon studies and investigations made by the trained specialist. The educa- tion of this type is the work of the Graduate School. Not a great deal has been done in the last two years directly on the campus, but in the larger business of the nation, the Graduate School, and the type of instructor and student it encourages, have done the important thing of justifying research and advanced scholarslii]) in a democracy. siBiBiMiaia I 9 20 ■i i«fi«iwi«iwiwiMi»i» ' " i«iMi i««fi " i«i Page : ■ [■[■■■[■■■■■IMIBIMIBIMIBIBIMIBIMIMIMia COPHE.R ■ ' ■ ' ■fl« ' " IWIW ' «IWI«IW ' »fl» ' »l»l»l ■!■! fa -CtRADUATR ' SCHOOL ' Sr.SaM ' nkj laiBiBiBiBiBiaiaiBiaiaiBiBiaiBiaiBiBiBiBiB 19 20 BiaiaiaiaiBiaiataiaiHiBiBiaiMiaiaiaiaiaiai Page 73 afi«i«i«i«iMi«fim«i«ffiB GOPHE.R ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ »«wi«i«i« ' wfi«i«i :a 5 ■ ■ n Coinmencement Exercises 1918 SUNDAY, JUNE 16. 3 P. M. Baccalaureate Address President M. L. Burton MONDAY. JUNE 17 Class Day Exercises TUESDAY, JUNE 18. 4 to 6; 7 to 9 Program in Charge of College Alumnae Club Play Nurses Skit Home Economics Girls Spring Masque Music Glee Club WEDNE SDAY. JUNE 19, 2:30 P. M. Armory Convocation in Honor of 50th Anniversary- Address PiiES. F. B. Snyder, of Board of Regents Response Presdent M. L. Burton Address Dr. Cyrus Northrop Retrospect and Outlook Dr. George E. Vincent The Old Main M.4RIA L. Sanford University in the Seventies John C. Hutchinson THURSDAY. JUNE 20 Commencement Day Program Address Pres. N. M. Butler. Columbia University Awarding of Diplomas Pres. M. L. Burton aiaiBiai«i«iBiBiBiaiaiaiBiBiail 1 9 20 ■l«iMiaiaiai»i»iai»iwiMiMiaiwiai»f ' «i«iai Page 74 ■ ■■I«I«I«I«I«I«I«IBIBIHI«IMIMI«IMIMI»IM QOPHELR ■■ ■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■IWIWIWI ■IWIMIBIWrWI ■!■ fiaP E T " ? -?-?- - -w= " Mj « t , 1 1 1 1 1 f f ' »-| - 4)AA 1- PEMBERTON OLSON AUSON BOF.Tl ICER HI NT WALLACE VLLEHENG LISSKV BUSHNELL JOHNSON ARNY HOERNER KARPMAN MEVERDINC RtSSELL NORDBERC KLHLMA N JOHNSON CHASE BROWN CARLSON C. HENRIQLEZ-LRENA PAYNE JACOBSEN LUND FELT HI NTEB KELLEV JONES WOOLLETT STERNBERG MORROW MILLER JACKSON HOST DODSON P. HENRlCtEZ-lREN A BISBY Graduate Club Officers R. H. JoRDAX . . JiLiAN Leach . Teresa Sw " eetser . A. Frances Johnson Gertrude A. Jacobsen John de J. Pemberton LoLIS A. BOETTIGER Tony Ullerenc Willis E. Johnson Benjamin Karpman Carl E. Nordberc Mary Ellen Chase Camila S. Henriqlez-Urena Barbara Lund Frances E. Kelley Waldemar L Sternberg Dean C. M. Jackson Pedro Henriquez-Urena Members Frederick A. Olson ' erne C. Hunt Ernest A. Lussky Albert C. Arny Henry W. Meyerdinc Otto F. Kuhlmann Margery L. Brown Emily Payne Alice H. Felt Owen Ann Jones Clarence A. Morrow Clayton 0. Host President I ice President Secretary Treasurer Gopher Representative Guy R. Bisby A. W. Adson Warren L. Wallace John W. Bushnell Godfrey R. Hoerner Jouette C. Russell Ada Frances Johnson S. Elizabeth Carlson Gertrude Jacobsen Beatrice Hunter Guy S. Woollett Emerson Miller John D. Dodson ■ i»i»i»i«i«iMi«i«iwiMi»i«iBi«i»i»i«i«i«iB 1 9 20 ■laiaiMiaiaiBiHiaiaiMiBiBiaiMiBiaiHiaiaiai Page 75 aiHiBiwiMiMia GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' a i i SCHOOL OF HOME ECONOMICS iiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiniiiiiniiiiiiiMiiiiiiiimimiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitmHiMiiiiiiiiniiiimniirriiiiiiiiiitimuMitiiiiiinmmtMrii t every commencement day. as the Seniors march past - V_ the President, receiving degrees which mark the re- 1 ward of four years of study, an extra generous burst 1 of applause greets the graduates in Home Economics. There seems to be a strong sentiment in the minds of the l |t V older generation especially — and of the young jnen also j , " r — approving the choice of the vocation of home-making „ by half a hundred vigorous young women. Since the days when " Adam delved and Eve span ' ' --xwi there have been many changes in the form of family life and in its setting, ideals and customs; but through the ages it has continued to exercise an identical function — the rearing of citizens for the civil life of their day. Present-day ideals for home-making, that age-old oc- cupation, demand that it should be looked upon as a vocation requiring special training. Chemistry and biology enable the student to understand physiology and bacteriology, on which the laws of health and sanitation are based; food preparation, nutrition and dietetics make plain the application of these laws in everyday life; art training, related to the problems of clothing and household equipment, enriches the meaning of objects of daily use. Contact with problems in economics, sociology and psychology keeps clear of the relation of individual homes to the social group; laboratory work in home management rounds out the technical training of earlier courses and gives skill, ease and confidence in household work. This, briefly, is the I raining carried on through four years by three hundred university women and is the modern preparation for a Hie work which calls forth the applause on commence- ment day. But since in our present day conditions, girls do not go directly into homes but lather into wage earning, the four years ' course is so shaped that each graduate tarries away with her, not only general training for home-making but some special means for earning a living. The avenues are varied and increasing in number and financial returns. In the past. Home Economics students have gone into teaching largely. From this numbers have turned to the work of home demonstration agent. isiting housekeeper, laboratory technician, hospital dietitian, institutional manager. IMIBIBIBiaiBIBia 1 9 20 ■l«l«l«l«IHI»l«IWIWIMI»l» ' IW ' « ' « ' MI«l«l Page 76 ■ ■■IMIMIHIMIHI«I«IHI«I«I«I«I»IBI«IMIMI» COPHEiR ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■laiHiBiHiaiBiBiaiBi Food Causer vat iuii II or A ' EARL ill the e?tabli»limeiit of Food Conservation work in Minnesota, the women of the I niversity. and particularly those engaged in courses of home economics and kindretl subjects, were called on to take an active part. This work was done chieflv through the organization known as the Collegiate Section of the State Food Administration. Organization of college food conservation workers from among the collegiate women of the slate was begun immedialeK. In the spring of IQlo questionnaires were sent to college women students to determine their qualifications for food con- servation work. Nearly 300 signified their willingness to enter this service. County conservation chairmen and home demonstration agents were advised of volunteer residents in their counties and districts and asked to coo[)erate. The reports received at the end of the summer indicated that the women who volunteered did much excellent and valuable work. All of this service was under the immediate supervision of Miss Mildred Weigley. who succeeded Miss Josephine Berry as head of the division of Home Economics when the latter was called to Washington. Miss Weigley was one of the leaders in the personnel of the stale food administration, and in her individual department of the work received invaluable assistance from Miss Elizabeth ermilye, who acted as state secretarv of the collegiate section. Institutional Management Course Opened New courses in institutional management have lieen offered to the Home Economics girls this year. These courses are comparativelv new throughout the United States. The girls who take " Institutional Experience " serve or run cash registers in the large dining hall or the cafeteria. The second course is Large Quantity Cookery. Each girl is responsible for estimating the cost of the entire dish she prepares, the cost per serving, and the total number of calories. iaiaiaiBiaiBiaia aiaiBiaiBiaiBiBiaiaiB aia 19 20 ■laiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiwiaiwiwiaiaiai Page ; ■ IWIWIWIHflHIMIMIMIBIMIMIMIM GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■flWIWI ■IMIWI ■fflMlWfl ■!■ e s m m a ■ ' . . aiwian»ipi»i»i»i»i«fiB 19 20 ■iaiaiaiBiBiBiaia(BiBi bi ai ■ laiaiBiMiaiMiBi Page 78 ■ ■■[■■■[■■■■■[■■■IXMIWIMIMIMflBIMIMIM GOPHE.R ■! ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■I ■ ' ■ ' They Feed the Baby TIME — A Day in Spring PLACE — Home Economics Cottagi ' CHARACTERS Its Hifihncss. the Baby. lic Girls: Merc Masculine Callers 4: 00 A. M. — Its Highness expresses disturbance. Mildred S.: " ' It ' s crying, the poor love. " The girls get up sleepily. Business of ' " fluckv cloving, " etc. Nell Dahl: " I know what! " She goes to the kitchen, returning with a hotlle. THEY FEED THE BABY. 7:00 A. M. — Henrietta Hoffman is alternately combing her hair and juggling the Baby. Telephone rings. She lays hair brush on the bed and puts Baby in the top drawer of the chiffonier. Ten minutes later she returns, misses the child, and registers agonized dismay. The girls assemble to search frantically in the book case, behind the radiator, in the clock. Suddenly Henrietta stops, rushes to the chif- fonier. Its Highness is recovered much displeased. THEY FEED THE BABY. 10:00 A. M. — Mary Cullen guards the little angel in their home. It is sleeping, and she leaves the room. A crash followed by " X! X! . . ! " from Its Highness. May, wild-eyed, runs back, picks up the wreckage and starts to sing to it. The cries become agonized. SHE FEEDS THE BABY. 12:00. — The girls return from class, kiss Babv, who ])olilelv registers pleasure. THEY FEED THE BABY. 4: 00 P. M. — Gladys Anderson takes it out to observe nature. Meets Knobby, who wheels the carriage. Business of piloting Gladys and Its Highness over a muddy crossing. Carriage skids, turns turtle, depositing lis Highness in a big. juicy mud puddle. Knobby nobly leaps in to the rescue. Its Highness is carried home to be separated from Mother Earth. THEY FEED THE BABY. 6:00 P. M.— Supper. THEY FEED THE BABY. 8:00 P. M. — Henrietta and Ed Johnson start for the Orph. Mildred stops them: " It ' s your turn, Henrietta, to take the Baby. " Henrietta and Ed leave, accompanied by Its Highness. Mildred runs after them: ' " Here. don " t forcet the bottle. " THEY FEED THE BABY. 11:00 P. M.— Henrietta and Ed return. Mildred: " Where ' s the Baby? " Hen- rietta looks accusingly at Ed. He: " I — I forgot it on the street car. " They call the fire department. Everyone registers tears. 12:00 P. M. — Its Highness returns accompanied by the home guard, three fire companies, and the police. The girls kiss it wildly. THEY FEED THE BABY. Paee n ■[■[■■■fiwiMiwiw GOPHE.R ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■fiwi«i«iwi " i " ' " i -- 1 2i ■ ■ ! ■ : ii ■ | COLLEGE OF LAW limniililiiiliiiiiMiiiii " iii ' ' iiimiiini!rtiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii![iii[iitiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii[iiiiiiiiiiiiiiii[iiniiiiiiiiiii ' riiiiiiiinniiiiim THE Law School has met and overcome the stress and strain of these war years with a record upon sliicli it will always look with just pride and satisfac- tion. The eagerness of its members to enter the service ill the spring of 1917 greatly reduced the attendance at that time, and the end of the session in 191o found only a few left awaiting their call. The student body of the Law School contributed to every branch of the service, and the quality of their achievements was recognized by distinguished service medals in a number of cases. The desire for service so manifest among; the students k L likewise permeated the faculty. Dean Vance for the Jt past year has been acting general counsel for the Legal V j Division of the Bureau of War Risk Insurance at Wash- r i ' ington. D. C. Professor Morgan entered the Judge Ad- W M vocate General ' s Department in Washington in 1917 and is now a lieutenant-colonel. Professor Thurston, who entered the First Officers ' Training Camp at Fort Snelling. is now in Russia as lieutenant-colonel in the Judge Advocate GeneraFs Department. Mr. A. C. Pulling, librarian of the Law School, is now librarian for the Judge Advocate General ' s De- partment at Washington. Dean Vance and Professor Thurston expect to return be- fore next session. Though the war temporarily deprived tlie Law School of some members of its faculty, iheir loss was less keenly felt because of the addition of Professor Everett Fraser, formerly dean of the George Washington University at Washington, and the Hon. A. A. Bruce, formerly chief justice of the supreme court of North Dakota. Professor Paige has been serving as acting dean during the absence of Dean Vance. While many of the legal ])ublications conducted by the various law schools thru- out tbe country were discontinued during the period of war, the Minnesota Law Re- view has been issued without interruption to its usual schedule. The return of students from service has enabled the editorial board to resume ils normal functions, and the old-time spirit now pervades the School. ' ■I»I«I«I«I«I«I»IMI»I«I»I»I»IBI» 19 20 ■flBI«l»IBI»IWr«IMI»l»l»IWIWI»IHIWI«IBIWI Page 80 laiaiHiHiHiHiHiaiaiaiaiaiaiBiai ■ iMrwiw copHELR ' " ' " ' " ' ' ' ' " " ' " " " ' " " ' " " " ' " " ' , i ' B II •J, : !■!■ I ■■■■■l«l " l " l " l " !■■■ ' " ' " ' ' ' ' " ' ' ' I 9 20 ■i«i«fiwi ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' « " ' " ' ' ' ' " ' ' " Page 81 ■ IBIMIWIBflMIBIB COPHEIR ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWIBII iiaiawaiBiBiai aiwiMiMiwiaiMiBiMfiBiB 19 20 ■laiaiBiBiBiBiaiaiBiBiHiaiaiMiMiaiaiBiaiHii Page S2 ■ [■[■■■[■■■iBiaiaiBiMiMiBiBiBiaiMiaiMia GOPHELR ■■■■■fi»iwiwi«i«i«i» «i»iwi»iwiwi»i»i«i KMts? Suggestion to Prc-Legals Grow a mustaclie. Statistics show tlial llie wearer of a mustache has never lacked the self-confidence so essential to the make-up of a good attorney. Errors in Judgment — Misleading Statements Fraudulent Misrepresentations 1. " The examination in contracts will be easy. There will not be much to it. ' — Cherry. 2. " I will give you only a short assignment — sixty pages. ' ' — Fletcher. 3. " My watch has stopped. I shall get a new one. " — Bruce. Class Officers Seniors Gilbert E. Harris President C,f.R u T. Carroll I ice President JlsuRi .1. ISiKSON .Secretary-Treasurer Juniors Charlks Wancensteen I ' resident George P. Hough I ice President KoBERTA Hostetler Secretary-Treasurer Freshmen Paul Abrahamson President Guy L. Hilleboe lice President Gordon Bates Secretary-Treasurer J i«i»i«i»i«i«i»i»i»wi«iai»i»i«i«i«i»i»i«i» I 9 20 ■i«i»i»iMiHiwi»iwiwiwfffiMi«i»wiai»iBi Page 83 ai«i«iwiBi«iwiwiH GOPHER ■fi«iwiwi«i« ' wiMiwiwi«iwiMfi«iwi»i«i»i COLLEGE OF MEDICINE liiliiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii iiimmiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii I ' T is too early to write a iiistory of the part taken In the Medieal School in the war. But from what may now lie seen the School is very proud of its contributions to the victory we are now celebrating. About sixty members of the faculty, or forty per cent of the whole, were enrolled as officers in the Medical Corps of the Army and Navy. In addition certain facul- ty members were in non-military positions. The num- ber of graduates of the School who entered the Medical Service is not known yet, but is very large. The largest co-operative military enterprise was the University of Minnesota Base Hospital, ar as it was officially known, " Base Hospital No. 26. " This was or- ganized here, and the medical officers were furnished by the Medical School and Mayo Foundation. This unit trained during the early part of l ' J18 in this country and sailed for France in June. By the latter part of July it was settled at Allerey, south of Dijon, and began to receive patients. By the date of the armistice it had cared for more than seven thousand sick and wounded soldiers. Many of its surgeons had also from time to time served at the actual front as members of emergency operating teams. Major Arthur A. Law, at first chief of the Surgical Division, was later promoted to lieutenant-colonel and made commanding officer of the L nit. Major S. Marx White was chief of the Division of Medicine. At the time this is written these two officers have returned to the School, and it is reported that the entire hospital is on its way home. Of the members of the Faculty who rendered conspicuous service may be men- tioned Lieut. Col. Frank C. Todd and Major Frank E. Burch, who became successively commanders of the Base Hospital at Camp Dodge; Lieut. Col. L. B. Baldwin, who held an important post at the Surgeon General ' s Office; Major H. E. Robertson, at the head of the laboratory service in the Paris district; Major A. T. Mann, chief of surgery at Camp Dodge. It is almost invidious, however, to mention names, as a full list is not at hand and many men are still in service. Lieut. Col. F. C. Todd died in military service in July, 1918. He was chief of the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Department in the School and one of its most valued teachers and administrators. SIBI IBIBia I 9 20 ■laiaiaiHIHiaiBiaiBIBIBIBIBIMIMIHIMiailllMI Page 84 ■ [■[■l»l«IBIHI»l»flBnilMI«flMI«IMrwr» GOPHE.R ■l»l«IWIWIWIWIWIW ' " ' " l " ' M ' " ' « ' « ' M ' " l " l ™ ' i iw yij3E5M ■« Lieut. 0. M. Klingen of Base Hospital 26 died in France, and Dr. Edward F. Slater, an intern in the University Hospital and contract surgeon for the S. A. T. C, died from pneumonia contracted while on duty with the last named organization. Both these latter were promising young physicians whose loss is keenly felt. At the School the remaining members of the Faculty shouldered the burden of teaching, and in addition trained four hundred hospital corps-men for the Navy. Miss Marion L. annier, assistant superintendent of nurses in the L niversity Hospital, deserves great credit for the successful prosecution of this important work. The attendance at the Medical School was not materially affected by the war, because medical students were placed in the Reserve and only called after gradua- tion. This measure was adopted to protect the supply of medical officers in case of a long war. When the S. A. T. C. was organized the Enlisted Medical Reserve Corps was merged into it. and our bovs got their share of K. P. and guard duty. However, on account of the nature of the service for which they were preparing, they were not compelled to drill so much as other students. On the whole, therefore, the educa- tional work of the Medical School was less disturbed bv the war and by the S. A. T. C. (of blessed memory I, than any other division of the Lniversitv. E. P. Lyon. ;ic gf !)£ The All-Medic Smoker The Medics have garnished their now fertile lore with another legend in the form of a successful " All-Medic Smoker " which took jdace on Februarv 19. and promises to become an annual affair. A connniltee from the Senior class, assisteil by sub-committees from the other classes, obtained tlie almost unanimous support of the whole college. Drs. Pettibone, Henderson, and Ridiardson sang several solos which were interspersed by numbers from the Medic orchestra. The musical pro- gram was followed by a banquet at which Ray Shannon acted as toastmaster. The professors were given their opportunity to add to the jollity of the evening. A few, among whom was Dean Lyon, responded with toasts to the occasion and well wishes for its continuance in coming years. I»I»IBI»I«I»IMI»I«I«I»I«I»1MI« ' «IW ' " I " ' «IW 19 20 ■l»l«l»l»IHI»IWI»f ' WIW ' «l l«IBI«l« ' «H Page 85 aiHMIBIMIMiaiMIMIMIW GOPHER ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■IMt«IWIWIWI IWIWI»l«l« BASE HOSPITAL 26 College of Medicine CLASS OFFICERS Seniors Ray Shannon President Oswald Wvatt ] ice President Manley Haines Secretary-Treasiuer Juniors W. K. Foster President George Miners Vice President Frances Ford Secretary-Treasurer SopliDniort ' s Louis Hauser President Dan Bessesen Secretary-Treusurer Frcslinn ' ii Gordon R. Kamman President Rachel Carlton lice President Robert McGandy Secretary-Treasurer DARN THE COOTIES! LOADING WOUNDED iiaiBiBjiiiBiaianaiaiai 19 2o ■laiHiaiBiHiaiaiaiaiMiBiaiaiHiHiBWiaiaiH Page 86 l«IWI» »l«t«l«l«IB|«|Bf IMIMlaf IBIMCIB COPHE.R ■!■ WIWI»fl«IMIWI«fl«l«IWI«l«IMIWI MIWI ■ iBiBiBiaiBiataiaiaiaiMiBiaiBiaiBiaiawiaii§l9 20 ■laiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiHiaiaiaii Page a? ■ flMIMIB GOPHELR ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWI«IWIWIMI«IMI»l " l " l i SCHOOL OF MINES liiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimmiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiim b . . P ' ' ' ! T ' ' ' " " ' ' ' ' ' ' ' S ' degree of salisfaction that we look ' 1 J_ over the record of the Minnesota School of Mines U during the period of the war. Both alumni and students Y .! answered the call in the spirit of service. Those who saw tafe ' ' (|,g fulfillment of their duty on the field of battle cheer- lullv severed the ties that bound them to home and their |irofession. Those who could not Ije spared from the industries that formed the very foundation of our suc- cessful prosecution of the war. with the same cheerful- ness accepted the prosaic tasks that fell to their lot. Contrary to expectations, the Engineer Corps claimed but a small proportion of our commissioned alumni. The majority of them obtained recognition in the In- fantry, Field and Coast Artillery, Aviation. Marine Corps and Navv. Each vear of the war about twentv-five per cent of the enrolled students entered the service either by voluntary enlistment or through the operation of the selective draft. In co-operation w ith the I nited States Bureau of Mines and the War Minerals Board, the Faculty of the School, the staff of the Experiment Station and manv of the alumni devoted a large portion of their energies to the solution of the mining and metallurgical problems resulting from the restrictions that the Shipping Board placed on importations of minerals necessary to the manufacture of iron and steel. The importance of these investigations can hardly be overestimated when it is remem- bered that the Allied Armies were dependent to a great extent upon the American production of these essentials. Both students and Faculty heartily co-operated with the militarv autliorities to make the Student Army Training Corps a success. Great difficulties were encountered, but all worked loyally with one fixed purpose in mind — to win the war at any cost. Since the signing of the armistice the School of Mines has rapidly resumed its normal condition, and many of llie men in the service have returned to resume their interrupted studies. We realize that all the great mining and metallurgical problems bearing on the war have not been solved, Jjut that many affecting the reconstruction period with which this nation is confronted must now be given careful consideration in the in- terest of conservation and future preparedness. . R. Appleby. iBiBiBiaiarBta I 9 20 ■laiaiaiBiBiBiaiaiaiBiBiaiBiHiBiaMBiaiBiMi Poje Si imiWIMIBIMIMIBIMIMIBIMIBIBIMIBIMIMIMI, GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWIW ■ ■IBIBIBII ¥U y.y. :•:•:•:■;•:•:•:•: I - ' » v ¥■:■•.-.■ ■■■ nicxi- • , « i i«rMi»i»i«i«iMi«fi»iwiBiaiBiMiMiMi«iMi»iB jQ 20 ■(■taiBiaiai I ■ I ■ 1 1 aiMiBiHiaiaiaiMi • !«« ' ■[■[■[■IWI«IMIMIMIBIHI»IM GOPHER ■■■■■ ' ■l " « " l«W»««lffl«IWI«tWI« H ■ ■ ■ i Professor Smith: In what state is amalgam containing 75, 85. and 95 ' ; of mercury? Axel Johnson (taking a fly- ing guess): California. Utah, and Nevada. Though the budget providing higher pay for faculty niemljers received the ap- proval of the legislature, such action came too late for Professor Comstock of the School of Mines. During the sunnner, with practically no effort on his part, he fell into a " raise. " Professor (after waking S. A. T. C. student I : Don ' t they give you eight hours of sleep in the S. A. T. C? Student: Yes, hut eiglii hours of sleep in the S. A. T. C. is worth onlv four hours ol civilian sleep. liiBiBiaiBiaiaiaiaiaiBiB 19 20 ■laiHiaiaraiaiaiaiaiaiBiaiaiHiaiHK Page 90 iiaiBiMiaiaiaiaiBiHiHWiaiaiMiaiMiMi ! " GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' » " ' ' ' " ' ' ' " " ' ■ r alr SI f?A -,- — ■■■■.■.■.■.■■■■■.■. ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■I " » 9 20 ■■■fl«» " i " ' « ' » ' « ' " ' » ' " ' " ' « ' " ' " ' ' « ' ' ' Poge n ■ flMIMIWIMlMIMIBIMIMIWIB GOPHE.R ■■ ■■■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' - R a SCHOOL OF NURSES Niiniiniiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinniiiiiiiiiiiii THE School for Nurses of the Lniversity of Minne- sota has made an enviable record in war service during the past year. In tlie spring of 1918 fourteen of its graduates left Minneapolis with Base Hospital No. 26. During the spring and summer seventeen were assigned to camps in this country, nine of whom were later sent overseas. Of the sixty-four graduates, seven of whom were married and thus ineligible, thirty-one were in active service with the Arniv. The nurses ' service flag bore thirtv-four stars, thirty-one of which were graduates of the School and three for members of the graduate nursing staff, graduates of other schools. In October, during the epi- demic, a graduate of the School died in service at Camp Dodge. Iowa, thus putting one gold star on our flag. We feel equally proud of our nurses who were not able, for various reasons, to have this wonderful opportunity to serve our soldiers. Of those at home twelve were filling important positions in schools for nurses, seven were in the public health field, the remainder serving as nurses in the home. The staff of the School with student assistants gave invaluable assistance in the training of three hundred U. S. Navy Hospital Corps men. The practical work of these men was given in the Universitv Hospital. We are proud of the record the corps men made, and they were quick to express their appreciation ot the value of this part of their course when they arrived on board battle ships, hospital ships and at naval hospitals and stations in this countrv and abroad. The graduate nurses on duty in the hospital and the student nurse bodv were liberal in their contributions to every issue of Liberty Bonds and to all campaigns for money to help win the war. The splendid contribution made bv the nursing staff of the Lniversity Hospital ill the care of influenza patients during the epidemic is something we are proud of. More than fifty per cent of the nurses contracted the disease, one died, and three were seriouslv ill; in spile of this, without exception, when it was decided to admit only influenza patients to the hospital, everv nurse worked long hours under the most depressing conditions, with an unfailing spirit of devotion to duty. Student nurses were assigned to the Universitv Health Service during the epidemic, at a time njBIBiaiBIBI9 20 ■l»l«l«l»iai«l«IWIMI»l« ' »l«IWIBflWI«l«l»l Page 92 l«IWI»IMI«IMIWI«IBI«l«flMIBIMIBIBIBIBIB GOPHE.R when it was impossible to employ nurses, anil thus they rendered a valuable service to the S. A. T. C. and to the University. In November the School f or Nurses inaugurated, as a war measure, a short course in Public Health Nursing. This had the financial support of the Minnesota Public Health Association, and the first class consisted of thirteen nurses, who will at the expiration of their training go into the field of public health nursing. It is designed, if L niversity support can be gotten, to introduce a course in Public Health Nursing into the University under the auspices of the School for Nurses, beginning with the first quarter in 1010. Louise M. Powell. Our Signal and Its Message The light is on: we heed the call. And this is what it means to all: Xursie, hurry, and heed mv wails, Brush my teeth and cut my nails. Wash my face and change my gown. Buy some fruit when you ' re up town: And then as soon as you " re all through Sharpen me, please, a pencil or two. Such we hear from morn till night — Will there never be another in sight? l«l»IMIBIBIBI«l«l«l«IWI«l»l»IBI«l»IMI«l«f 19 20 ■flBIBIBI»l»l«fl»flBIWI«IWlWI«IWI«l«l«l Page 93 GOPHEJ ■■■■■■■fiwiwiwi ■!■(»« ■f «i»iwiw)«i« I E li I B ■ ' ::iBiBiBiBiBiaiBiaiaiBiB 19 20 ■laiaiBiaiaiBiBiaiBiaiB ' siaiMiaiataiaiaiB Paee 94 .-—,-— .«■■ ■■■■■■.■■■l■■ r■OPHElR■■ l ' ■ ' ■ ■ ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' » ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ' ■ ' ' ' ■| ■ .■■■■■■■■■.■■■■. ■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' — ■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' 9 20 ■■■.■ ' — ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' — ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' " " ' ■- " Page 95 ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■IWIWI«flWIBI«l«IMI« GOPHER ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■IMIWIWIWIWIWIWIWIMIMIMI m m ■ ,u . i ' i ' ■ COLLEGE OF PHARMACY iliiiiiiiiiiliiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinnniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniii THIS class has the distinction as well as the honor of being the second class to enter the College of Phar- macy under the new minimum three-year course require- ment for graduation. Before 1916 the minimum course covered only two uniyersity years, a fact which the faculty regarded for many years as almost intolerable in an institution of the collegiate grade. While it is true that in the past many students followed the adyice of the faculty and deyoted three years to the completion of the regular course, the work they covered was that of the two-year course. Those students were to be com- meniled. for they showed true wisdom in deciding to get ihe fullest benefit offered by the College, and because by their example they paved the way for the favorable sentiment needed to make a full three-year course ulti- mately possible. The endeavor toward the establishment of the present three-year course began many years ago. liLit objections came from the pharmacists of the state, the University authorities and the student body. The first step toward ultimate success was taken soon after the establishment of the College, when the regents finally approved the Faculty ' s recom- mendation to give students the privilege of dividing the work of the two years into a three-year period at the two-year tuition. A fair percentage of matriculants availed themselves at once and since of that privilege, thus demonstrating that a respectable number regarded three years as not too long a period to devote to pharmaceutical college work. About five years ago the State Pharmaceutical Association also recognized this fact and gave a full three-year course its hearty approval. Thereupon the Faculty renewed its recommendation to the regents with the result that the longer course was established and was first offered in the fall of 1916. Many predictetl that this sig- nificant upwarti step would not prove successful. It was all the more gratifying, therefore, when the enrollment in September, 1917, of which the present junior class is the major part, exceeded that of the previous year, which was the first under the three-year plan. The present junior class, therefore, has the commendation of the Faculty for its wisdom in selecting this longer course when its members had the opportunity of entering any other college of pharmacy in America and completing their course in two years, for no other college offered a minimum course of three iBiaiaiBia(aiBiBiBiaiai iaiBiBtll1920 ■fi«i«iMiaiaiaiwiMiwiwiaiaiwiaiM ' Wi«ioii " ' Page 90 [■IMIBIBIMIWIWIMIMIHIHIHIBiniMIBIMIWIBIM GOPHER ■■ ■ ' ■■■■■■■IWIWI ■■■ ' ■I ■■■■■■■■■■■■■I ■!■ years. The class showed wisdom, following the example of the first three-year class, in refusing to follow the still all too prevalent tendency on the part of American students of pharmacy of following in the direction of least resistance. The Faculty confidently looks forward to an exhibition of further wisdom on the part of this class and hopes and believes the majority of its members, if not all, will decide to complete a fourth year which the College offers, and take the B. S. degree in pharmacy. Another distinction shared by the class is the fact that it contains a larger number of young women students than any previous class. The women students in pharmacy are holding their own with ihe men students. They are uniformly making good at college and in practice. It may be of interest here to note that the present freshman class, tiie third to enter upon the three-year course, is larger than its two predecessors. There has been, tiierefore. a steady increase each year in the enrollment of the new three-year course. F. J. WULLING. Production of Digitalis I.N the production of the digitalis plant the College of Pharmacy supplied a very direct as well as useful contribution to the war. The fame of the local digitalis garden having come to the government, a call for the product came soon after the war began. The College, as a result, cultivated a larger part of its medicinal garden than usual for the production of the plant, and it was also enabled to appropriate for the same purpose about an acre of the campus lawn to the south of the Pharmacy Building and the Pharmacognosy Plant Laboratory. Under instruction from the Surgeon-General, the digitalis was prepared into tincture of digitalis. In all. 21.000 half jjinl bottles were produced by the College and shi|)ped throughout the country. The digitalis was donated lo the Government. MJiich jiaid only for bottles, shipping, and similar expenses. ■ ■IWI»I»I«I«IMI»I»IBI»1«I»IBI«I«I»IMI»I»IB 19 20 ■IW I «l«IMI«l«l» I WI»IWflWI«IWI«IHIWI«IBfl Pace 97 ■ [■[■{■[■[■[■[■[■IBIMIBIBIMIWIWIM GOPHE.R ■■ ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■I IWIMI ■ ■■[■■■ ' ■ ' ■I ■!■! a : ?! ; 1 — T ; JPHjit MACrST wr aiai»i»fi»i»i«i«i»i«l» 19 20 ■l«fl«iwiaiMi»i»i»i»i»iMiMlMi«i«iwi«i«lBl Page 98 CLASSES HMI»I«IMIMMI«I«IMI«IWIBI»I» GOPHEIR ■ ' ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■IWIMI " ' " ' ' " ' ! aiaiaiBiBiMiaia I 9 20 ■i«i«i«i«iai»iwi ■!■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■iwiw ' ' " ' " Page 100 ■ [■r»IMIHIHI«IBIBI«IBIWIMIMIMI«l«IWI«IM GOPHEJR ■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ St. Paul MlLDRKL) NK AhUKTMKVER ACADEMIC Djil Niiilu Kililur 3; Daily Ki-portvr 2; I ' iiiaforr; Tam O ' Shanlrr; V. W. C. A.: W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.: Captain Daily Drivf ; Srrgranl War Cht-st Campaign: Big Sislcrs: Acanllnifi Lih-rary Sorit-ly; Daily Evchange Eililor: Equal Siiflragc Club; Class Secretary 3. icTiiKiA Abkammjn . . Chippewa Falls, is. HOME ECONOMICS Home Economics .Association. Morsan Francks Ellkn . uams edi cation W. S. G. A.: Small House Council 3; Y. W. C. A.; Bib and Tucker; Pinafore; Class Presitlent 3; Big Sisters. Daniki. Lldvd Ahlstrom . . riiineapulis LAW Base Hospital. Camp Grant. Juno 21. 1918 — . ugust I.t, 1918: 36th Mf.Iical Replacement Unit. .August 15— October 3. 1918: First Provisional Training Regiment, October 3 — December 12. 1918. Prohibition Club; Scandinavian Society 2. NoRBKRT T. h IANN Riclimiinil DENTISTRY Medical Reserve Corps. Xi Psi Phi: Omega Eta Mu ; Students ' Catholic .Associa- tion I. 2; Vice President 3: Students ' Catholic .Associa- tion Plays 2. Wiiitliington Sophie . lb; (i Ai: DEMlC Y. W. C. A.: W. S. (,. A. Antijinette . ldes St. Paul PHARMACY Menorah S.i. i.tv ; I ' roi.-ional Women ' s Club. Geor(,e U. Alexander engineering S. .A. T. C. University of Minnesota. .Minneapolis Sue .Vlexander Dulutli Al ADEMIC Kappa kappa (.amnia: Siiiilh Coll.se 1. 2. Lennice Elsie . ies . . . River Falls. Wis. home ECONOMICS Employmiiit Committee Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; ( ' amp Fire; Home Economics .Association. r-- i:rf v5l ■ fl«l»l«flWI«l«I BIWI»l«IMI« ' " l»l " ' " l " ' " 1 9 20 ■l»l«IBI«IBI«IMIBIMI» ' »M«i«Mgj l«W ' «l» J Page 101 3IWI«l«flMIHI«l«IWI«IWIHI»IB GOPHER ■■■[■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■IWIWIWIWflWIWI»IHIWI»l«IWl Thomas Amlie .... Binford, N. D. . CADEMIC Delta Sigma Rho. Mahiox Amunds .... Hudson, Wis. EDUCATION Rivrr Falls 1. 2. Arnold Anderson academic S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Eleonure .Vnderson academic Alpha Gamma Delta : Big Sisters. Milan Brainerd Genevieve Anderson .... Litchfield ACADEMIC Big Sisters; W. S. C. A.; Y. W. C. A.; Tam C Shanter; Assistant Sales Manager 1920 Gopher; Scandinavian So. c iety. Gladys Charlotte Anderson home ECONOMICS Minneapolis Home Economics Association ; Sophomore Vaudeville ; H. E. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A. Harold Andrew . nderson . . Minneapolis engineering Marine Corps, University of Minnesota. American Institute of Electrical Engineers. St. Paul Helmer Nicolai Anderson engineering Engineer Reserve Corps; Officers ' Training Camp, Fort Sheridan, Illinois. Commissioned Second Lieutenant ; Company Commander S. A. T. C. Aiabama Polytechni- cal Institute. Auburn, Alabama. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. LiuA Anderson Jackson Milton J. Anderson Duluth ARCHITECTURE S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Alpha Rho Chi; Class Track 2; Varsity Track 2; Archi- tectural Society ; Art Editor 1920 Gopher. iBiaiHIB: niaiBiBiaiBiBiaiaiBiBiaiai 19 20 ■laiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiMiaiaiai Page 102 jmiMIBIHimMIBIMIBIMIWIMlBIMIBIMIMIWIM GOPHER ■ ' ■■■ ' ■I ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■IWIMIMIWIMIMIMIWI ■!! MiNTON M. Anderson . . . Minneapolis CHEMISTRY North Dakota State Militia. June 20. 1018— September 18. 1918; U. S. Chemical Warfare Training Unit, Minneapo- lis. October 10. 1918— December 20. 1918. . lpha Chi Sigma; Vice President of Sophomore Presi- dents ' Cabinet; Class President 2: University Salesman- ship Club; Enecmive Staff Sophomore Vaudeville. Makiijn Elizabeth Anuhews academic Minneapolis Kappa Alpha Thela ; Y. W. C. -A.: Cabinet 2; Vice Presi- dent Bib and Tucker; IXonien ' s -Academic Council 3; Big Sisters. Walter C. Andrews ' icT(iR R. Andrist De Smet, S. D. Manti Beta Theta Pi; Triangle; Football 2. 3; Intramural Base- ball 3; Wrestling I, 2, 3. Lewis Edward . ' Vrnold . . . Minneapolis MINES Engineer Reserve Corps; S. A. T. C University of Min- nesota. Theta Tau; School of Mines Society; Intramural Foot- ball 1, 2; Track 1, 2. 3; Baseball 1; Basketball 2. 3; Class Vice President 2- Verda Arnold academic y. w. c. a.; w. s. c. a. Lake Neal Ashley Arntson .... Red Win;; ACADEMIC Officers Training Camp, Fort Sheridan. Illinois. Commis- sioned Second Lieutenant : Company Commander S. A. T. C, University of Indiana. Phi Kappa Sigma; Football 1; Varsity Football 2; Varsity Basketball 2; Secretary " M " Club 2; Board of .Athletic Control 2, 3; Triangle. NL BEL MlLWARD - SHENDEN HOME ECONOMICS Minneapolis Philomathean Literary Society 2. 3; Sophomore Vaude- ville; Home Economics Association; H. E. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A.; W. S- G, A.; Big Sisters; War Chest, Y. M. C. A. and Liberty Loan Campaigns. CoRINNE ASKECAAKD .... ComSlOlk Big Sisters; Daily Reporter: W. S. G. , . ; W. A. A.; Y. W. C. A.; Eqaul Suffrage Club. Selma Katherine Atherton Min EDUCATION Scandinavian Society; Y. W. C. A-: W. . . neapolis ' :. ■}fci ' ' ' ■ fi»i»i«fiMfiBffi«fiBfi«ffffiB 19 20 ■laiaiaiaiHiaiBiaiBiBiaiaiaiaiBiBiMigiiHiBi Page 103 iwfiBiwiMiwiMmiwiBiMiwiwf GOPHEIR ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■f ' wi« ' « ' wi " i«i« ' " ' " ' " ■ .?■ ' ' ' " -C ■ •N ' T John Richards Alrf.lils medicine St. Paul S. A. T. C. University of Minnesota; R. 0. T. C, Fort Sheridan, Illinois. Phi Beta Pi. FoRKKM Edmlnd Babcock ACADEMIC Anoka Otiieers ' Training Camp. Fort Sheridan. Illinois; Commis- sioned Second Lieutenant; Field Artillery, Camp Taylor, Kentucky. Hazel Una Bacon . . . Fremont. Neb. HO.VIE ECONOMICS Phi Upsilon Omicron : Hesperian Literary Society 1, 2. 3; Secretary 3: Sophomore Vaudeville; Home Economics Association; Daily Reporter 2; Big Sisters; H. E. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.. Cabinet 3; W. S. G. A.; Gopher Staff. ' iLEV Collins Baines PHARMACY Monticello. Ark. Irma Baker Minneapolis HO.ME ECONO.MICS -Athenian Literary Society; University Choir; Trailers; Sophomore Vaudeville; Home Economics .Association; Big Sisters; Y. W. C. A.; S . A. A. Board 2. WiLLARD -Marshall Ballenbach ACADEMIC Mankato S. .-v. T. C L niversity of Minnesota; Infantry Officers ' Training Camp. Camp Pike, . rkansas. October Li. 1918 —December 2. 1918. Sigma Nu; Glee Club 2. 3. Bonnie Barren acade.mic Students ' Catholic .Association. .lanesville ' LTER Bargen .... Mountain Lake AtiRlClLTlRE Harrolo Louis Barcer engineering Gavlord Officers ' Training Camp, Fort Sheridan. Illinois. Com. missioned Second Lieutenant; Company Commander S. . T. C L ' niversily of . rkansas. Sophomore Vaudeville; Students Catholic -Association - L n(;E Elizabeth Barnes ACADEMIC V. W. C. .; W. S. G. .A.: Maralester College. St. Paul ■IIJflMIMIMlMiaiMfl ' " ' " ' " ! " ' " 1 9 20 ■■■■■flMIWI»l«IWI " IW ' » ' " ' « ' " ' " ' " ' »l " lgJ Page 104 ■ [■[■■■IBIMIMIMIBIHIMIMIBIMIMIMIBIMIMia GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IMIWI»IWIW ' WI ■ ' ■! MVRTLK E AL N 1 AK.-NBSS . . Elbow Lake HOMK ECONOMICS I hi L ' psilon Oiiiicron; Hrsperian Literary Socifly; Class Secretary 3; Council Home Economics Association 2; Y. W. C. A; W. S. G. A. Marshall Hartlett . . . Minneapolis LAW Norlon-Harjcs Ambulance Corps with French Armv at Verdun. June 1917— October 1917. Phi K.ip|.a Psi. HtLLN Ko K BaYNE Daily Reporter 1, 2. Albert Edwin Beardmore engineering S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Gertrude Becker St. Paul Via Adrian HOME ECONOMICS Rochester ALTER Edward Beneke ENGINEERING U. S. N. R. P.. Great Lakes Naval Training Station. Illi- nois. Phi Kappa Sigma. Walter Glea e Benjamin . . Hutchinson MEDICINE .Mexican Border Service. Battery F; .Medical Reserve Corps; S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Alpha Kappa Kappa; Y. M. C. A. Mildred Isabelle Bennett academic Minneapolis W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Bib and Tucker; Field Hockey 2: Basketball 1. Henrietta Bentdn .... Minneapolis ACADEMIC Delta Gamma; Kraboda : Quill: Y. W. C. A. Phoebe L. Benton .... T elcomc ACADE.VIIC Y. W. C. A.: Bib and Tucker; Tani O ' Sbanler. iBiBiaiBiBiBiBiaiBiaiaiaiBiBiBiBiaiBiaiBiB SIBIBIBIBIBlBIBIBIBIBIBIBIBIHiaiaiHiaiaiBIBi Page lOS [|«flWIMIHl»l«IWl«l«l»IWIWI«IMIMflWIWIWIB GOPHER ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■I " ' :M !« atin ' ■%».■ A Kakl a. E. Berg . . Minneapolis ENGINEERING Engineers ' Reserve Corps; S. A. T. C, University of Min- nesota. Class Secretary 3. EiCENE L. Bergan Sacred Heart DENTISTRY Medical Reserve Corps; S. A. T. C. University of Minne- sota. . Hans Euward Beknt engineering Duluth Engineers ' Reserve Corps; S. . . T. C, University of Minnesota. Phi Sigma Kappa; Theta Tau; Intramural Baseball 1, 2; Sophomore Vaudeville; Civil Engineering Society. Gladys Beyer St. Paul HOME ECONOMICS Athenian Literary Society: Ice Hockey 2; Sophomore Vaudeville; H. E. S. C. A.; Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A. Mankato Norma Lillian Bierbai kr academic Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.: Big Sisters; Bib and Tucker. ILLARB W. BiXBV Gleva Blain St. Paul Redfield, S. D. Kappa Alpha Theta; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Sophomore Vaudeville; Pinafore; Tam C Shanter; Hockey Team 2. iHN Joseph Blanchette .... Anoka PHARMACY Jacob Solomon Blumenthal . . Minneapolis ACADEMIC S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Forum Literary Society; Inter-Society Debate; Freshnian- Sophoniore Debate. James Keenan Blunt . . Bismarck, N. D. DENTISTRY Medical Reserve Corps; S. A. T. C, University of Minne. sola. Sigma Nu; Class Vice President 2; Gopher Board: Triangle. laiaiBiBiBiaiBiBiBiaiBiB 1 9 20 ■■■iaiaiBi«i«i»i«i " i " ' " i " i«i i " i " ' ' i i ' ' Page 106 IBIMI«IWIWI»IWI«IBIBI«|Mf|BIBIMIM|MIBia GOP HEIR ■■■■■IWIWIWI IWIWlWIWfl ■ IWIWiafiMl ■!■ Flohknce Bolmcren home economics Home Economics A»»90ciation ; B!g Sister; W. S. G. A. Minneapolis Y. w. c. A.; Margaket BooTHKovn PHARMACY Aberdeen, S. D. Alplia Omicron Pi; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; Profes- sional Women ' s Club: War Cliost Campaign; Gopher Staff. ISABELLK BoHCESON Minneapolis ACADEMIC Fralioda; Minerva; Freshman Representative W ' . S. G. A.; Secretary W. S, G. A, 2; Bib and Tucker; Big Sisters; Pinafore; Tam 0 ' Shanter; " Sophie More " . Sylvia Borcmann Sauk Center HOME ECONOMICS Phi Upsilon Omicron ; Home Economies .Association. Treasurer 3: Home Economics Representative, W. A. A.; Class Vice President 3; Philomathean Literary Society: Sophomore Vaudeville; Students ' Catholic Association; W. S. G. A.; Big Sisters. Grace La Verne Bosworth academic Scandinavian Society; Big Sisters; Y ' . W. C. , . ; W. S. G. A. Harriet .Iean Bower . . . Bement, MEDICINE Aclioth ; Alplia Epsilon Iota ; House Council 3. Ada Roy Walter Brand Diiliiih E.NGINEERING Naval Reserve Corps; Naval Unit, University of Minnesota. Phi Sigma Kappa; Baseball 1; Triangle; American Insti- tute of Electrical Engineers. Leon Thomas Branham . . . Minneapolis ACADEMIC Officers ' Training Camp, Fort Sheridan. Illinois; Commis. sioned Second Lieutenant, Infantry Replacement Troops, Camp Grant, Illinois. Kappa Sigma: Triangle; " Sophie More " ; Daily Staff 1; Football 2; Y. M. C. . Cabinet; President Sopho- more Y. M. C. A. Club ; Red Triangle and Liberty Loan Teams. Alloys Franklin Branton . , . Willmar MEDICINE Medical Reserve Corps. Theta Delta Chi; .Alpha Kappa Kajiiia ; Intramural Basket- ball 3. 4. Blanchahd K. Bkaum dentistry S. .A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Xi P.i Phi. Minneapolis fffiaiMffffffffiBfi»fi«ffiB 1 9 20 ■laiHiaiaiaiBiaiaiBiBiBiaiBiHiaiHiHiaiaiai Page 107 ■ [■l«fl«1HlMI«l«l«l«IWI«l«l» GOPHE.R ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■iwiBIMIWIMIBIMIMIMIB m a ■ j ■ I i: IB. ' m •? - -VT .. ■ - Rl TH ( HKIMINA BlitlSETH ACADEMIC .Mora Bertha Bkill Minneapolis ACADEMIC M.-iinrah S.iri,.lv .f ; l,e Hockey I. 2; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. C. A.: V. A. A. Elberta Broadwell .... Minneapolis ACADEMIC Vi... rrfsi.l.nl Music Club; Choir: W. A. A. lidBKKT VI. Brown DENTISTRY Bertha G. Brlbaker St. Paul St. Paul Jaaiks WiLEiAAi Bryant . . . Minneapolis DENTISTRY Ri ' scrve Officers ' Training Camp; 60th Pioneer Infantry, Camp Wadsworth; Spartanburg, South Carolina, July 22, 1 )18— September 1. 1918; Sergeant, September 1, 1918— November 11, 1918; Officers ' Training Camp, Camp Tay- lor. Kentucky, November 11, 1918— January 11, 1919, Daily Reporter; Sophomore Vaudeville Committee. Katherine Susanne Burrill academic Minneapolis Delta Gamma: Sigma .Alpha Delta: . dvertising Staff Daily: (Juill: Y. W. C, A.: W. A. A.; Smith College 1, 2, John S, B usch Minneapolis CHEMISTRY North Dakota State Militia June 20, 1918 — September 18, 1918: U. S, Chemical Warfare Training Unit, Minneapolis, October 10. 1918— December 20, 1918, Students ' Catholic .Association; University Salesmanship Club; Sophomore Vaudeville. Mary Helen Bushnell .... St. Paul ACADEMIC I.e Cercle Francais : Wellesley College 1; University of isconsin 2, Swan Bvlund Mora DENTISTRY aiBiaiBiaiBiaiBiBia 19 20 ■laiaiaiBtBiBiBiBiBiBiBiaiiaiBiBraiHiBiHiHi Page 108 ■ ■■[■■■[■■■I«1»IBIHIMIMI«I«IBIBIMIWIWI« GOPHER ■■■■■fl " IMl«l«l ■ ' ■ ' ■! ■ ' ■■■ ' ■I ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ I,-AiiKi. Mai:1!kath Caldek . . Mimieapolis ACADEMIC V. W. C. A.; V. S. G. A. Maiuk Hf.lkne Callahan ... St. Paul ACADEMIC Students ' Catholic .Association: S. C. -A. Seminar: Bib and Tucker: Pinafore; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Daily Reporter .1. DciniiTHi .Iane Campbell . . Mimieapolis ACADE.MIC Pi Beta Plii: W. S. G. A.; Dailv Staff: Tliali.in: Y. W. C. A. LoNETA M. Campbell W. S. G. A. St. Chailei Charles Pleasant Hlnter Cantienv Minneapolis ACADEMIC Officers ' Training Camp. Fort Sheridan. Illinois. Commis- sioned Second Lieutenant; Company Commander, S. A. T. C Iowa State College. Beta Theta Pi: White Dragon: Varsity Football Squad 2: Hockey; Interfratemity Council. C. Philip Carlson Stillwater ENGINEERING S. A. T. C University of Minnesota. Tau Kappa Epsilon ; Daily Board of Publishers 3; Engi- neering Representative Daily Staff; Shakopean Literary So. eiety; Minnesota Radio Society; Scandinavian Society; -American Institute of Electrical Engineers; Y. M. C. A.; Engineering Representative 1920 Gopher. Victor Harry Carlson . . . Minneapolis ENGINEERING Mexican Border Seiviii ' . Batterv F: Engineers Reserve. Catherine Cassill ' i acade.mic W. S. G, A.: W. A. A.: Big Sisters. Marjorie .Meroe Gates academic St. Paul Roll is Y. W. C. A.: Bib and Tucker; Tarn O ' Sli.iuter: Big Sisters. Charles Merwtn Chambers pharmacy S. .A. T. C. Univer-iily of Minnesota. 0 atonna ■ ■iBi»ffiBiaffi«fi«i»fi«i«nii»i " ' " i 19 20 ■■■i«iBffi»i»l«iW ' W ' Wf i ■ i ■ i ■ i ■i ' ■ ' ■■■ Pate 109 ■ [■[■■■[■■■flBIMraiHIHIMIMIWIMtMIMIWIW GOPHER ■■■ ' ■IWI " l " IWI«IWfl«IWIWIWI«IHI«l«IMI " l m Grace Chapma.n .... Redwood Falls HOME ECONOMICS -Athenian Literary Society; Big Sisters; Sophomore Repre- sentative Home Economics .Association; Captain War Chest Campaign; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. .A. Bkatrice B. Choudek .... Seaforth PH.ARMACY Students ' Catholic .Association; Komensky Club; Digitalis War Saving Society; W. .A. .A.; W. S. G. A.; Professional Women ' s Club. Hakhv Walter Christianson medicine S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Phi Beta Pi; Phi Delta Chi. Inga Christenson Belgrade New Richland DoRTHA Alice Christopher academic Spanish Club; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A. Harold Francis Cleary engineering .Mary Geraldine Cleary .academic Minneapolis St. Paul St. Paul Big Sisters: W. S. G. .A.; W. A. A.; Bib and Tucker; Pinafore; Tarn O ' Shanter; Students ' Catholic .Associa- tion; S. C. .A. Seminar; Junior Mathematics Club. MiLLA Goodwin Clement ACADEMIC Sturgis, Mich. Sweet Briar College; Urynosia,; Le Cercle Francais 3; Big Sisters; Equal Suffrage .Association 2; Vice President Tarn 0 ' Shanter; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A. -Michael .Iennings Cohen dentistry S. .A. T. C. University of Minnesota. Lairen Gilbert Colson engineering S. A; T. C University of Minnesota. Thulanian St. Paul Wadena iBiaiBIBIHIBIBIBIBIBIBIBIBIBIBia I9 20 MIBIBI ■!■ I ■ !■ I ■ I ■ I ■!■ 1 ■! ■ I ■!■ I ■ IMIWI ■! ■!■! Page no ■ l»l»IBIBIHIWI«IMIHIMIBIMIMIWI«IMIMIWia GOPHE.R ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■IM ' fWIW ' ■ ' ■ Rlth Kvelvn Comi ' Tu.n . Walsmi, Sask., Can. HOME ECONOMICS Y. W. C. A. Cabint-I : Home Economics Association; Big Sisl.rs; W. S. C. A. MiLDRF.D Emmons Conger ACADEMIC Si. Paul Kappa Kappa Gamma; Lo Cercic Francais; Sigma . Ipha Delta; Delegate Pan-Hellenic 3; Membership Committee Y. W. C. A. 3: President Tam O ' Shanter; W. S. G. A.; Fraboda. Bernice Copas Copas Macalester College I ; Y. W. C. A.: W. S. C. A.; Equal Suffrage Club 2; Scandiaavian Society; Pinafore; Tam O ' Shanter. Helkn Cornell academic Big Sisters; W. S. G. A. William Thomas Coulter academic Minneapolis Eden Vallev S. A. T. C, Carleton College; Officers ' Training School, Camp Grant, Illinois. November 15, 1918 — December 12, 1918. Marhret Shepherd Craig art education Minneapolis Pi Beta Phi; Miner -a Literary Society; Bib and Tucker; Pinafore: Tam O ' Shanter; Big Sisters; Y. W. C. A.; W, S. G. A. Olive Crane w. s. c. A. Garvin . luiitr William P. Crolley DENTISTRY Medical Reserve Corps; S. A. T. C, University of Minne- sota. Lewis Lamont Crosby .... Si. Paul AGRICULTURE Naval Unit. University of Minnesota. Delta Kappa Epsilon; Wing and Bow; Silver Spur; Gopher Board; Intramural Baseball 2; Inler-Fralemity Council 3. Um.AKKT (liiLDiE Cross . . . Minneapolis ACADEMIC Big Sisters; Trailers; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. C. A.; W. A. A. ■ laiBiBiBiBiaiBtBiBiBiBiBiBiaiBiBiaiBiBlBl 9 20 ■i«i«iwiw ' «i " i»i«i " i» ' " i ' ai» ' ' " ' ' i ' ' Page 111 ■IMfiaiBIMIMIMIMIMlMlMliBlMia GOPHEiR ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■IMf ' ■ ' ■ ' ■IWIMIMI»I«IWIM ' ■!! vrr m M .3 ' n ■:■ ' iRti-MA Kate Cross HOME ECONOMICS Minneapolis Kappa Kappa Gama ; Home Economics Association; H. E. S. G. A. Edwin Charles Culbert academic S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Mary Cullen Eveletli St. Paul HOME ECONOMICS Masquers; Agricultural Dramatic Club; H. E. S. G. A. Home Economics . ' Association; Hesperian Literary Society Students ' Catholic . ssociation ; Class Vice President 1 V. W. C. A.: Sophomore Vaudeville; .Agricultural Glei Cluh; Bi ' ' Sisters. Frederick A. Curtis Stillwater ACADEMIC Officers ' Training Camp, Fort Sheridan; Commissioned Second Lieutenant; Camp Taylor, Kentucky. Piii Kappa Sigma: .Academic Representative Minnesota Board of Governors; Wrestling Team; Class President 3. Nell Elizabioth Dahl . . . Minneapolis HOME ECONOMICS Hume Economics . ssociation ; Big Sisters; Sopliomore Vaudeville; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A. Anna E. Dahlstrom academic -Minneapolis . lice Marion Daniels . . . Two Harbors ACADEMIC Carleton College. James Bircess Darc.avel pharmacy Phi Delta Chi; Class President 2. Morristown HijwAKi) MacDoucal Davidson . . Waseca ENGINEERING Officers ' Training Camp, Fort Sheridan. Illinois; Conmiis- sioned Second Lieutenant, Field . rtillery ; Camp Taylor, Louisville. Kentucky. Alpha Rho Chi. Herman Francis Davies MINES Minneapolis Sigma .Alpha Epsilon ; School of Mines Society; Gopher Staff. laiaiBiBiBiaiBiaiBiBiBiBiaiB 1 9 20 ■■■fi«i«fi»iwi«iwiW ' " ' «iwi«i " ' M ' » ' Wi " i Page 112 [■flMIBI«IHIHfl«l«IWI«flMIBIBIMIHI»l» GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■f ' WIWI ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' Margaret Davis Madeliu ACADEMIC Al)RIK NE DE BooY Elk Kiv ai:auemic Carli-loii College. U(i ALi) W ii.suN DE ( ARLE . Miles City, liint. MEDICINE Thcia DpIu Chi; Nu Sigma Nu; Intramural Track; Plavers. Jeannette Denm.son . . . Mlnnpa]i " lis ACADEMIC Acanthus Lilcrarj ' Society: Le Cercle Francais; Christian Science Society; Spanish Club; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.: Gopher Staff; Big Sisters. Fra c:s Albkioht Devek .... Diiliiih engineering Engineers ' Reserve Corps, S. A. T. C University of Minnesota. Phi Sigma Kappa; Tau Beta Pi; Vice President Civil Engineering Society . : Y. . i. C. . . El a DiEKMANN Paviiesville academic Pi Beta Phi: Baniar.l College I; Big Sisters; W. S. G. A.; Quill. Robert K. Dixon St. Charles medicine . lice M. Dodge Caiihui. III. ACADE.MIC Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.: W. A. A.: Pinafore. Clifford F. Donaldson .... Osaki; DENTISTRY S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Omega Eta Mu: Xi Psi Phi. Frances Makv Donnelly . Fargo, N. D. ART EDLCATION Pi Beta Phi: Minerva 1. 2; Treasurer 3; Christian Science Society; Bib and Tucker: Pinafore: Tarn 0 ' Shanter; Y. W. C. a.: W. S. G. A. ffi»i«fi«fiafi«fi»fiBffi«fffiB 19 2 ■■■ {■fi»iBi«i«i«fiwi»i» ' »iW! a i« ' »i« ' »i fate 113 ■ ■■IMI«l«IMIHIMI»l«IBIMiai»IB COPHEJR ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■l " T 3 l Alice Tlrnf.r Doolittle . . . Sidon, Syria NURSING Cosmopolitan Club: W. S. C. A; Y. W. C. A. Leonard ernev Downing . . St. Louis Park DENTISTRY Medical Reserve Corps; S. A. T. C, University of Minne- sota. Delta Sigma Delta; Class Vice President 2. (iKACE D. U. Drolet Dulutli W. S. C. A. Emily Jane Dunn Minneapolis ACADEMIC W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Big Sisters: Tani o ' Shanter. HARRIET Dunn Minneapolis ACADEMIC Alpha Phi; Thalian ; Wotnen ' s . cadeniic Council 2; Y. W. C. A. Cabinet 3; W. S. G. A. Board 3; Secretary V. A. A. 2: W. A. A. Board 3; Trailers; University Choir; . W. C. A.; Freshman Commission. Frances Dunning St. Paul HOME ECONOMICS . thenian Literary Society: Y. W. C A.: Home Economics .Association; W. S. C. A. Bern ICE Viola Durkee ACADEMIC Secretary Scandinavian Club 3; Big Sisters; Basketball I; Field Hockey 1; W. S. C. A.; W. A. A. Charles David East Medical Reserve Corps. i Psi Phi; Class Secretary 3. . — Edna Eastman Mo Austin Edith E elyn Eckman . . New London HOME ECONO-MICS Home Economics Association: Big Sisters; Y. W. C. A. Publicity Committee 3; W. S. G. A. ■ iBiBiaiaiBiBiaiBia I 9 20 ■fi«i»iB ' «i«i«iwi " fi " ' " ' «i " i " ' " ' " ' ' » ' " ' Page 114 ■ IMIMIBIHIHIMiailMIMf IBIBIBf f IMIMIM GOPHER ■■■fflWIWIM WIWf ' WIWIWIMIWlMIB DoKOTllV E[H.t;UTO.N Miiiiieapulis Alpha Plii: Bis Sisters: Women ' s ' ar Couneil: W. S. G. A.: VT. A. A.: Musi. Club. Maiul Kdwahds MiMtieai)i lis ACADEMIC Secretary Camp Fire 2; Ice Hoclsey 1,2. 3; Y. W. C. A.: W. S. G. A.: W. A. A. Doris Li.ovn Eckles . . . Ci luinl)ia. Mi! HOME ECONOMICS Delta Delta Delta ; Home Economics Association. Ba riiesMlle Charles Hikam Eldridce academic Officers ' Training Camp, Fort Sheridan; Commissioned Second Lieutenant; Company Commander S. A. T. C, Fargo College. Fargo. .Alpha Sigma Phi; Masquers 2. 3; Economics Club; Tri- angle; Daily Reporter 1; Gopher Staff. GiLLAiN E. Ellincson . . Noithwood, N. D. ACADEMIC S. A. T. C Vniversity of Minnesota. Forum Literary Society. Ri TH Marion Elliott . . . .Minneapolis ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A.: W. S. G. A.; Big Sisters; Captain War Chest Campaign. Raymond Carl Eni.an Minneapoli law Third Officers ' Training Camp. Camp Custer. Michigan. January 5, 1918 — .April 19. 1918; Commissioned Second Lieutenant June ]. 1918. Camp Jackson. South Carolina; School of Fire. Fort Sill. Oklahoma. August 11. 1918— October 18. 1918: Camp Jackson. South Carolina. October 2.1. 1918— December 8. 1918. Thulanian ; Minnesota Law Review. Miniieapulis -St. Paul Charlk.s UlRo Ell worth engineering S. A. T. C, University of .Minnesota. Victor Emaniel Encquist engineering S. A. T. C University of Minnesota. Adei.la EpI ' LL Dllai HOME ECONOMICS Hesperian Literary Society 2, 3; Home Economics Asso- ciation; Students ' Catholic .Association: Y. W. C. .A. ■ flrfl»fffflWIBI«l»l»l»l»l»l»fl»l»IB 19 20 ■l«IBI»fl»l»IBIWI»l»l» ' » ' «IBI«l«l«l«l«l«i Pofe US ■ ■■■■■■■■■■■IMIWIMIBIMIBIMIM GOPHEJ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■I ■■■■■I Ml ■■■■■[■[■■■I ■!■! a ■ ■ ■I Marie Janet Ekdall . . . Minneapolis ART EDUCATION Gamma Phi Bela ; W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A. Arthlr Basil Ericksen .... Perley ACADEMIC Naval Unit, University of Minnesota. Anna Erickson Minneapolis ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A.: W. S. G. A. Carol Eustis Minneapolis ACADEMIC Y, W. C, A. Freshmen Commission ; W, S. G. A. Board : Treasurer W. S. C. A.; W. A. A.; Spanish Club; Big Sisters; Gopher Staff; Treasurer Acanthus 3. Lois Farmer Minneapolis HOME ECONOMICS Hiiiiie Economics Association; Junior Advisor; Y. W. C. A. Membership Committee; Y. W. C. .A. Finance Committee; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A. Mahie Fazendin St. Paul EDUCATION River Falls State Normal; Tani O ' Shanter; Students ' Catholic Association. John M. Feeney Glenwood MEDICINE Sigma Nu; Students ' Catholic Association. Ernest August Fieger .... .S|. Paul CHEMISTRY Engineers ' Reserve Corps; S. A. T. C University of Minnesota. Alpha Chi Sigma. Elme Marie Fjelstau . . . Minneapolis HO.ME ECONOMICS Big Sisters: Y. W. C. A.; H. E. S. G. A.; Home Eco- nomies . ssociation. Rosa Fligelman . . . Wahpeton. N. D. ACADEMIC Menorah Society; W. S. G. .A. iiBiBiBiaiBiBiBiaia I 9 20 ■■■[■■■■■[■i»i»iwi " i»i " i " i«iwi " i " i i«i«iwi Page 116 ■ {■■■■■■■iHiHiBiaiaiHiHiBiaiMia [■■■■■iw GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ' ; Ml KiKL Florf.n- .... Bismarck, N. U. RI AMI Ml SIC Music Club. EuwAHi) ConM.i.ii s FnniiT ' i . . Sheibuin DKM ' ISTHY Medical Reserve Corps; S. A. T. C. Ijiiivcrsily of Minnc sou. Sludenls ' Catholic .Association. Charles Walteh Fdlkestad PH. RMACY S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Lambert Westbrook Lawrence Llovd Footh academic R. O. T. C: Camp. Fori Sheridan. Illinois: Marine Corp: University of Minnesota. Phi Kappa Sigma. Elisabeth Forssell St. Paul ACADEMIC Kappa .Mpha Theta ; Vice President W. S. C. A. 3: Vice President Y. W. C. . 3; President Women ' s War Coun- cil 3: Theta Epsilon; W. A. A.; Secretary Creek Club; Plavets I. 2. 3; President 2. Burton E. Forster Minneapolis academic S. a. T. C. Y. .M. C. a. College. Chicago, Illinois. Chi Psi; Triangle; Sigma Delta Chi; White Dragon; N ' ight Editor Daily Staff 2: Silver Spur: Secretary Y. M. C. A.; Spanish Club Vaudeville: President Spanish Club 2: Players ' Cast. " Imp ortance of Being Earnest " 2; " Hel- ena ' s Husband " 3; " M " Banquet Committee 3; .Academic Council 3, Hklkn Mar(;aret Fi . Wessington .Springs, S. D. EDUCATION Y. W. C. A.; W. S. C. A. Louise France Eyota architectuke -Alpha Omicron Pi; W. S. C. A.; Big Sisters; Class Vice President 2; Secretary Architectural Society 3. Samuel Frank Gnlden Vallev, N. D. Donna Beatrice Frase .... Fairmont A( ADEMIC Pi Beta Phi; Quill: Y. W. C. A.: W. S. G. A. ffl»l»l«l«IMI«l«l»l«l " l " ' " l« ' " ' " l " ' " ' » ' " 1 9 20 ■■■IMI«IWIBI»l«l« ' W ' W ' " ' " ' " ' " l« ' « ' » ' " ' ' " ' Pate 117 3I«I«I«IHI«IMIMIMIWI«IMIBIMI« GOPHEJ ■■■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■IBI»1«I»IWI»I»IMI»I Biar ■ el Cklia Bergetta Fredbickson . . Lamberton HOME ECONOMICS Aohotli; Hesperian Literary Society; Tri-Literary Society; Home Economics Association; H. E. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A. Jane French Minneapolis ACADEMIC Sigma Alplia Delta; Tliela Sigma Phi; Interclass Hockey 1. 2: Album Editor 1920 Gopher: Daily Reporter 1, 2; " Sophie More " ; Treasurer Thalian 3; W. S. G. A. Board 2; Big Sisters; Equal Suffrage Club; W. S. C. A.; W. A. A. I l TH GaCE Players. Oli ' Hibbing Gladys Ann Gandsey academic Tani 0 ' Shanter: Students ' Catholic Association; W. S. C. A. Grace Marguerite Garvey . . Minneapolis HOME ECONOMICS Big Sisters; Students Catholic Association; Home Eco- nomics Association ; W. S. G. A. Russell Gates Kenyon MEDICINE Coast Artillery, Fori Caswell. North Carolina. May 29. ,1918— September 2.i, 1918; Officers ' Training Camp, Fort Monroe, Virginia, September 2.5, 1918 — December 1, 1918. Phi Sigma Kappa; Alpha Kappa Kappa. Ruth Gillesby academic Students ' Catholic .Association; W. A. A.: Basketball 1; Bib and Tucker; Pinafore. Mae Ginsberg .... home economics . thenian Literary Society; W. A. A Minneapolis St. Paul W. S. G. A.: Home Economics Association; Scroll and Key; Repre- sentative H. E. A. 3: Council H. E. A. 3; Menorah; Tennis Champion H. E. 1, 2; Sophomore Vaudeville; Bas- ketball 2. Theodore Carl Glanz dentistry -Medical Reserve Corps; S. A. T. .Minnesota. Xi Psi Phi; Intramural Baseball. Minneapolis University of Sioux Falls. S. D. Eugene Corbin Glasgow academic Officers ' Training Camp, Fort Sheridan, 111.: Commis- sioned Second Lieutenant; .Adjutant, Hamline LTniversity; -Alpha Tau Omega; Sigma Delta Chi; Daily Reporter 1; Night Editor 2, 3; Intramural Track 1; Intramural Basket- ball 2: Vice President Triangle 3; Interfraternily Coun- cil 3; Military Editor 1920 Gopher. lataiataiBiaiBiHiaiBiBiaiBiai 1 9 20 ■i«ff ■■[■■■i»iai " i» ' " i " ' aiM ' " i " ' »i i i " ' Page US ■ IBf «l«flMI«l«l«IMI«l«IMIBIBI«IWIWIM COPHEiR ■■■l«IWIWflWI«l ■ ' ■■■flWIWf ' ' " ' " ' ■ ' ■T BtATRlCE GlEASON -Miiiiieapulis Ai:ADt ni; Hazkl K THiiVN Gleason .... St. Paul ACADEMIC .Alpha Gamma Delta; Students ' Catholic .Association; .Masquers; " Press Cuttings. " WlNMFREl) GlEASUN St. Paul Valida Gliek Miniiea|iolis ART EDUCATION Music Club; Le Cercle Krancais; W. S. G. A. Evelyn Louise Goebel academic Minneapolis Alpha . i Delta; Scandinavian Society 3; Y. W. C. .A. W. S. G. A. Etta Oekeleina Goemanpott . . Renv HOME ECONOMICS Home Economics Association; Y. ' . C. A.: W. S. G. ,A. Samuel M. Gofen Dtiluth academic S. -A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Freshman-Sophomore Debate 1; Daily Night Editor 2; Managing Editor 1920 Gopher. Minneapolis Minneapolis I Al)ORE .MVER GoLDBERC .MEDICINE S. .A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Zionist Society 2, 3. Ma WiLiiERT Goldberg DENTISTRY S. .A. T. C University of Minnesota. Tau Beta Phi. Sigurd Axel Goldner . . . Minneapolis PHARMACY S. A. T. C University of Minnesota. ■ ■■■■■■iBiBiaiaiaiaiaiBiBiBiaiBiataiaiai 19 20 ■laiBiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiwiaiaiwiaiaiai Page 119 Bia: ■ ai«fl»IMIMIWI«IBI«IMIMIWIWIM GOPHE.R ■l»l«l " l«IWIW«IWI«l«l« ' " ' WI " l " IM ' ' ■ ' ■ ■ Harold Elliott Goodrich . . Minneapolis AGRICULTURE Y. M. C. A., Alhlelic Secretary, April 13. 1918— July 13, 1918; Officers ' Training Camp, Camp Taylor. Kentucky; Commissioned Second Lieutenant. Field Artillery. Alpha Gamma Rho ; Y. M. C. . . ; Livestock Club; Class Secretary 2. .MvLR GtoHOL GoHuii.N . . . Minneapolis DENTISTRY S. . . T. C, University of Minnesota. Tau Beta Phi: Menorah Society; Zionist Society. Harold R. Goss Austin ENGINEERING . nierican Institute of Electrical Engineers. Dinah Graham Rochestei- ACADEMIC Aljiha Oiniiron Pi; .liioior Representative; i oinen ' s .Aca- demic Council; Spanish Club; W. S. G. .A.; Big Sisters. Em;l n C. Gran Jordan ACADEMIC Jamks Gray Minneapolis ACADEMIC S. . T. C University of Minnesota. Phi Delta Theta ; Le Cercle Francais 1. 2. 3; Treasurer 3; Triangle; French Club Play 1, 2; Daily Reporter 1; Eijual Suffrage Club. Mrs. Behil B. Green . . Inleinatiimal Falls ACADEMIC Ernest Grumstrup Tyler DENTISTRY Pkrcv Gremscard Rugby. N. D. ACADEMIC S. .A. T. C University of .Minnesota. Bkttv Grimes Minneapolis ACADEMIC Delta Gamma; Theta Sigma Phi; Thalian ; Players; Presi- dent Equal Suffrage Club 2; President Aquatic League 3; Treasurer W. A. A. Board 3; .Advertising Manager Daily 3; Gopher Staff. .■iwiMi»iBfi»i«i»fi«i» 19 20 ■■■[■[■■■■■i»i»i«i " ' Wi " i " ' " i " ' ' ' JLMIEi Page 120 ■ [■IMIBIMIWIWIBIBIHIWIMIMIBIBIMIBIMIMIB GOPHER ■■■ ' ■IWIWIMIWIWIWI IWIWIWIWIWrMI ■!■ Aiimiii 11.1. ml (iKoTH . . . lirnwiiiiin ENGl.NEERING R. (). T. C. ( aiiip. Fori Sheriilan, Illinois; Marine Corps, LinivtTsily of Miniii ' sola. Vict- Presi()rnt Engineering Studt-nl Council 3; Tliulunian; Sophomore Vaudeville; American Institute of Electrical Engineers. M. mi. AUiijiiiiiK Gkovek . . Tuttle, N. 1). ACADEMIC Daily Reporter: Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A ' . D. Fui;uHKic Gbi knhaoen ... St. Paul ACADEMIC S. . T. C. Dartmouth ColleBe. Delta Kappa Epsilon : White Dragon; Triangle; Class Track I; Interfratcrnity Baseliall 1, 2; Basketball 1, 2. Petr(i eli.a Elizadkth Hackett . . St. Paul ACADEMIC Kappa Rho; V. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Stu dents ' Catholic Association; Bib and Tucker; Pinafore. George Edward Haefner academic illia:m Herbert Ha ;e. de.ntistry .Stillwater Spokane. Wash. Medical Reserve Corps; S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Delta Sigma Delta: Omega Eta Mu ; Glee Club; Sopho- more Vaudeville; Class President 2; Intramural Baseball; Liberty Loan Campaign; War Chest Campaign. Hazel Haiertv Le Roy iLLi M Halidav .... Minueapulis ENGINEERING Frank Elmer Hall . . . Winnipeg, Can. ACADEMIC Officers ' Training Camp, Fort Sheridan. Illinois: Com- missioned Second Lieutenant: Company Commander, S. A. T. C, University of -North Dakota; Adjutant S. A. T. C, Iowa Wesleyan College, Phi Kappa Psi ; Triangle; Daily Reporter; Players. Erda Hallberi; Minneapolis ' • ACADE.MIC Y. W. C. A-; W. S. G. A.; Bib and Tucker; W. A. A. liaiBIBIBIBIBI ■ iMiBfi«iaiMi»i«i«iMiBiaiB 19 20 ■laiaiaiaiMiBiaiMiaiaiBiBiaiaiaiaiHiaiaiai Page 121 ) HI«IWI«l«fl«flMIBI«IHIMI«IMI»IM GOPHEJ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWIWI MiaT ■ ' b Philip Allen Halper medicine S. A. T. C. University of Minnesota. Menorah Society; Zionist Society. Claire Hamack .... arts and music Music Club 1, 2. 3. St. Paul Minneapolis Carl C. Hanke .... St. Louis Park ENGINEERING S. a. T. C. University of Minnesota. Varsity Football 3; Intramural Football 1, 2; Intramural Hockey 2. allace Watt Hankins academic niihith U. S. N. R. FIving Corps: Dunwoody Unit, Student Fliglit Officers. June 17. 1918— September 21. 1918; Key West Naval -Air Station, October 3. 1918— November 20, 1918. Phi Sigma Kappa; Masquers 1, 2, 3. Morris St. Paul Ed:mond Hanrahan engineering S. a. T. C, University of Minnesota. Carlos C. Hansen engineering S. . . T. C., University of Minnesota. Roy N ' lRGiL Hanson .... Hutchinson DENTISTRY Medical Reserve Corps; Central Officers ' Training School. Camp Pike, .Arkansas, October 10, 1918— December 2, 1918. Delta Sigma Delta; Y. M. C. A. St. Paul Helen Harrop home econo.mics Delta Delta Delta; Secretary Players; " Sophie More " ; Pan-Hellenic Council; Spanish Club; Velada Espanola ; Tain O ' Shanter. St. Paul , 1arv Kathf.rine Hartung academic Alpha Phi; Theta Sigma Phi; Theta Epsilon ; Quill; Feature Editor 1920 Gopher; Players; Editor Minnehaha 2; Managing Editor Daily 3; Committee Sophomore Vaudeville. Katharine Harthell St. Paul ACADEMIC :aiBiBiaiBiBiBiaiaiBiBiMiaiB 1 9 20 Bl«fi«iwiBi»iMi«iaiwi»iMi«iwi«f « ' « ' «iwi Page 122 ■ ■■IWIBIBIMIMflBIHIMiaiBf laiBiMiBiB GOPHEIR ■l»IWI»l«l«l«IWmf HBIMIBIWIWIW ■! " ■ Wlieatun Alhili) AllxamjU! Uass dentistry Psi Omega; Intramural Baseball 1, 2; Intramural Football 1. 2. Ue Forest Kavmom) Ha tings medicine S. A. T. C, University of Minnt-sola. Gladys Hawkins Minneapolis St. Paul HOME ECONOMICS Delta Delia Delta; Hesperian Literary Society; Phi Upsilon Omicron ; Chairman of Publicity Committee. Y. W. C. A.: Home Economics Association; W. S. G. , . ; Dramatic Club: Pan-Hellenic Vaudeville; Big Sisters. Elizabeth Hayes Minneapolis ACADEMIC .Alpha Omicron Pi; Minerva; Le Cercle Francais; Y. W. C. A.: Freshman Commission; Y ' . W. C. A. Mem- bership Committee 2; Equal Suffrage Club. Ri TH Lairina Hedman ACADEMIC St. Paul Kappa Rho 2. 3; Equal Suffrage Club 2: Y ' . W. C. A.: W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Tam o ' Shanter. Miis. Ri TH E. Heistermann ACADEMIC Carl Edward Hendricksox education Marine Corps. L ' niversity of Minnesotj Minneapolis Camrose. Aha. .Au;;sburg .Academy: Camrose Normal School; Alpha Beta Chi; Iduna; University Band; Home Oratorical; Scandi- navian Society; St. Olaf College. ' iRciNius James Henley DENTISTRY S. . . T. C, University of Minnesota . rthlr Herman S. A. T. C University of Minnesota. Phi Beta Pi. St. Paul Minneapolis Carol Margaret Hkkrick . . . St. Paul ACADEMIC Students Catholic . ssociatinn; W. S. G. -A.; Bib and Tucker; Pinafore. ■ i«i»miaiBiMiafciH »i»iBi«i«i«fi«fiB I 9 20 ■laiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiBiaiaiHiBiwHiHiaiai Page 123 GOPHER ■ ' ■ ' ■!■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■I ■ ' ■■■I ■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■I ' m i ' i si Lenna Herron . . . . Le Mars, Iowa ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A. Teresa Fanme Herz .... St. Paul FDLXATION Y. W. C. A.; W. S. C. A. Walter John Hesnai lt . . Walnut Grove ACADEMIC S. . . T. C Universily of Minnesota. University of Wisconsin: . lpha Tau Omega: Triangle; Daily Reporter 2. -Margaret RHQ DA Hilsdale . . Sauk Center HOME ECONOMICS Phi Upsilon Onticron: Secretary Home Economics Asso- ciation 3; Student Council .3; Philoniathean Literary ' Society: Junior - dvisor: H. E. S. G. A.: Y . W. C. .; W. S. G. A.; Students ' Work Conunittee. Elmra Hinderaker .... Minneapolis ACADEMIC Equal Suffrage Club; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A. Louis Hiniker Hastings MEDICINE S. . . T. C. University of Minnesota. St. Thomas College. Carol S. Hirschy Wabasha ACADEMIC Tain O ' Shanler: Y. W. C. A.; W. S. C. A. Genevieve Hobart .... Minneapolis NURSING Kappa Delta; Gopher Staff. John Edcar Hoff .... -Minneapolis CHEMISTRY Mexican Border Service. Battery F; S. A. T. C Uni- versity of Minnesota. Zeta Psi ; - II-University Council: Soccer 2; Intranmral Basketball I. 2, 3; Intramural Baseball 3. Henrietta Hoffmann .... St. Paul HOME ECONOMICS Phi Upsilon Omicron: Class President 3; Class Vice Presi- dent 2: Chairman Junior - dvisors; -Athenian Literary Society: Sophomore Vaudeville; Bib and Tucker; Stu- dents ' Catholic Association: Home Economics . ssocia. lion; H. E. S. G. A.; W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; Stu- dents ' Work Committee. ■ laiaiBiBiBiBiaiaiaiBiaiBiB I 9 20 ■■■iwi«i«iai«i»fi " ' » ' " f ' «iwiwiw ' wi " i " i " i Poec 124 ■ IWI»I«1HIWI«I«I«I«IBIMI«I«IMIBI«IMIMI« COPHE.R ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■f ' W ' WIM ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' » ' ' AUOLK HuITOMT MilllliMpnlis Francks (!haiu.i)TTA Hch.i.i.nbkck . Miniieapnlis ARTS AND MLSIC Kappa Delia: Vice Pro iidfnl Ma riurrs; Meiiibersllip Com- iiiillee Y. ' . C. A.: EnttTlaiiimrnt l onuniltfe Y. W. C. A.: W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.: PaiiHelk-nic Vaudeville: " Der Srhiiiniiel " : Orgaiiizalinii Editor 1920 Gopher; Pub- licity Chairman .Music Club: University Choir; Daily Reporter; Big Sisters: Captain Winning Team. Gopher Campaign 2; Captain Winning Team, Daily Drive 3. KiiwiN KicHAiii) Hum . . . Ninth Braiuli ENGINEERING R. O. T. C. Camp, Fort Sheridan. Illinois: S. A. T. C. University of Minnesota: Coast .Artillery School. Fortress Monroe, Virginia, November 10— December 12, 1918. Svithiod; Varsity Basketball 2. .loHN E. Holt MinneapDli-i ACADEMIC S. M. .. Lrbana. Illinois. Beta Theta Pi: Varsity Track: Board of Publishers, Daily Staff 3: -Athletic Board of Control. I.vLA E. Holt Binjzh; Lake -Alpha Gamiua Delta; Music Club; Y ' . W. C. - .; Pinafore; Tarn O ' Shanter. William Braytox Holt academic S. - . T. C. University of Minnesota. W illametle University, Salem, Oregon, 1, 2. Salem. Ore. Minneapolis Leonore Holtzermann academic Delta (;amma: Le Cercle Krancals: . W. C. A.; W. S. G. A. Florence Holzheiu w. .-;. G. A. Floiii Hooper Roberta B. Hostetler St. Paul Miiineapiilis Minneapiilij Recent Case Editor Law Review; Class Secretary 3; Trailers; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A, 5 r " ■ iaiaiaiaiBiaiaiaiaiaiaiBiaiaiBiaia Bi 19 ZO ■fi»iwi«iafiMi«i " iwi»i " ' «iM ' « ' " i ' ' «i i Pagt 125 ■ ■■[■flW BIHIBIMIMI»IWIBIWIB GOPHEIR ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■I ■ ' ■ ' ■ Sa-nuer Hulgan . . . Great Falls, Mont. ENGINEERING U. S. N. R, F., Great Lakes, Illinois; Naval Unit. Uni- er5ily of Minnesota. Delta Tau Delta; Theta Tau ; American Institute of Elec- trical Engineers. M KUI.AHl.T HoWARTH Minneapolis ACADEMIC Alpha Omicron Pi; Mincrv-a; French Club; Equal Suffrage Club: Christian Science Society: Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.: Gopher Staff. 1920: Big Sisters: Freshman Com- mission; Tarn O ' Shanter; Captain Gopher Team. Fredkrick M. Howe Medical Reserve Corps. Delta Sigma Delta. .St. Paul Minneapolis 1a(.I1ALENE HlCHTHALSEN MEDICINE Alpha Epsilon Iota: Pi Omega: - quatic League; Daily Staff 3; Gopher Staff: Bib and Tucker; Pinafore; Field Hockey 2: Captain Ice Hockey J. 2; Baseball 1, 2; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A. En A Bernicf, Hiderle NL ' RSING V. W. C. A: W. S. G. A. Ml KIEL Elizabeth Hughes ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A; W. S. G. A. Hulfliiiisnn Minneapolis .Mde Rosalind Himes Y. s. c. A. DnRi]TH HiMiSTON . . . Woithinolon ACADEMIC V. M. C. A.; W. S. G. A.: W. A. A.: Le Cercle Francais: Minerva Literary Society. Kathryn Hi miston academic w. s. g. a.; y. w. c. a. Minneapolis Gates Hi nt Aberdeen. S. D. ENGINEERING S. A. T. C. University of .Minnesota. Phi Kappa Sigma. laiBiBtaiHiaiBrBiBiBiaiB I 9 20 ■iwiBi«i«ipi«iaiwi«i» ' » ' »i»i«i " ' Mi»i« ' « ' »i Page 126 ■ [■i»l»l«IWIWI«l«IWIMWI«IMIBIMI«IMIMI» GOPHEIR ■■■■■■■■■■■i»«i«i«W ' »i»f ' w ' ■ ' ■ ' HtLi.N Hlm W. S. C. A. Ross HlMSlNX.F.R Filigree, N. D. Douglas AC.KiriLTlRE Hazkl HiKST Minneapolis ACADEMIC Y. i ' . C. A.: W. S. G. A.: W. A. A.; Spanish Club; Le Crrcic Krancais ; Equal Suffrage Club; Camp Fire. Georciana Lncersoll St. Paul ACADEMIC . lpha Phi; Flayer : Theta Ep ilon ; Quill; Class Vice Presiileni 3. Ray George Ioset .... Minneapolis DENTISTRY Medical Rescr ' e Corps; S. A. T. C. University of Min- nesota. Xi Psi Phi. Roy F. Ioset Minneapolis DENTISTRY 337th Field Artillery Xi Psi Phi; Intramural Basketball. Marion .Scott Irwin Minneapolis ACADEMIC Alpha Phi: Theta Epsilon ; Le Cercle Francais; Hockey 1; Pan-Hellenic Council; Bip Sisters: Y. W. C. A.: W. S. G. A.: W. A. A.: Treasurer Trailers; Gopher Staff. Ray Anukew Jacobson . . Cumberland. Wis. dentistry Medical Reserve Corps; S. A. T. C. University of Min- Rlbv Jacobson Rushiuore Y. W. C. A. Membership Comtnitlee 3; Scandinavian Society. Edith Lorine James .... Minneapolis ART EDUCATION Ach..th; W. S. C. A.; Y. W. C. A- ; Gopher Staff. ■ ■■(■iBiBiaiBiaia BiaiaiBiBiaiaiBiB BiaiBJ920 ■■■iBi«iaiai»iai» ' " i " ' " ' " ' f ' ■ ' » ' " ' ' ' " - Page 137 IHIBIHIWIMIMIMIMIWIMIMIMIBIMIMIMIM GOPHER ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■I ■! ■■■■■■■[■I»l ■!■ Frederick James DENTISTRY LvLE George James EDLXATION S. A. T. C L ' niversity of Minnesota. S ii.LiAM Henry Janzex engineering Arthir Ford Johnson dentistry Omega Eta Mu. Sleepy Eye Minneapolis .Mountain Lake Munticello Axel Leonard Johnson .... Benson MINES S. A. T. C. University of Minnesota. Svithiod; Scandinavian Society: School of Mines Society: Varsity Track 1. Lake Crystal St. Paul Carl A. Johnson Edward Ludwig Johnson dentistry Medical Reserve Corps. Macalester College: Delta Sigma Delta. Edwin Charles Johnson .... Warren AGRICLLTLRE Officers Training Camp, Fort Sheridan. Illinois: Com- missioned Second Lieutenant. Field .Art.: Camp, Zachary Taylor, Kentucky, September 16. 1918 — December 15, 1918. .Alpha Gamma Rho: Intercollegiate Debate 2: Athenian Literary Society: -Agricultural Dramatic Club: Live Stock Club : Y. M. C. .A. Commission. Mildred Ethels n Johnson academic Myrtle Kathryn Johnson dentistry Sauk Center Duluth .Alpha Xi Delta: Y. W. C. A.; Class Secre tary 1: Secre- tary-Treasurer 2. aiBiBiBiaiBiBiaiaiB 19 20 ■laiHiaiaiBiBisiaiBiMiBiBiaiBiBiaiHiaiaiBi Page 128 ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■flHIMIMIWIWIM COPHEJ ■[■l«l«IWI«IWI«IWI«l«IBI«IWIHI«IWIWI»l«l Ui)l I. .|(in Mi . . . ' yXyndmeie. N. I). DKNTISTRY Mrdiral Dcl»arliiuiit. Jt-ff«-rson Barrarks, Missouri, April 27. 1917— May 16. 1917: Fori Sni-lling. May 16. 1917— 5fplfniber 26. 1917: Scrgranl. September 26. 1917— Noyeniber 17, 917: S. A. T, C, University of Minne- sota. October 31, 1918— December 16, 1918, Delta Sigma Delta ; Omega Eta Mu, Gf.r. li)ine Johnston . . . Minneapuli ' ACADEMIC Alplia Phi: Spani-h Club: Y, W. C. A.: Bi; Si-l.t,. Elizabkth l.i.oM) Jones . . . Minneapcili ACADEMIC DelU Delta Delta; Pinafore; Tam O ' Shanter; Y. W. C. A.: " Lady Windermere ' s Fan " ; Students ' Catholic Assf eiation Plays: Masquers: University Choir: Thalian. Eknest Joseph Jones . . . Minneapolis CHEMISTRY R, O, T. C. Camp. Fort Sheridan. Illinois, , lpha Chi Sigma; Intramural Baseball 2: Sophomore Vaudeville; Gopher Staff; Class Vice President 2; . nier- ican Chemical Society; Captain War Chest Campaign, Jessamine Jones Minneapolis Kappa Kappa Gamma: Minerva Literary Society 3; .Ad- vertising Staff Daily 3: Y, W, C. A.: W, A. A, ll Hiii.ii Auneson Jules , , , Minneapolis ENGINEERING R. O. T. C. Camp, Fort Sheridan, Illinois; Naval Unit, University of Minnesota. Sigma Nu; Treasurer Engineering Student Council 3. Daily Reporter. Gordon Richard Kam.man medicine S. A. T, C, University of Minnesota. St. Paul Zeta Psi; Nu Sigma Nu ; Players; " The Importance of Being Earnest " 2; Treasurer University Choir 3; Glee Club; Minstrel Show: Wisconsin Concert; Class President 3; Triangle: Interfratemity Council. Abraham Li m Katz .... St. Paul DENTISTRY Tau Beta Phi: Mrnorah Society; Zionist Society. Dora Evelyn Kearney .... St. Paul ACADEMIC Pinafore; Y. W. C. A, lli: lil . Kkhne St, Paul DENTISTRY .y:t J ■ ■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■laiaiaiaiBiBiBiaiaiBiaiaia I 3 20 ■laiBiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiwiaiaiaiaiaiai Pttgt 129 [■[■[■■■■■■■■■[■[■■■■■[■[■■■f GOPHEiR ■i " i«i» ' " ' " iwiw ' wiw ' «i«iwiwiMi«i«iwi " i " i Glenn B. Kellett .... St. Charles DENTISTRY Medical Rrserv-e Corps; S. A. T. C. University of Min- nesota. Xi Psi Phi: Omega Ela Mu. Minerva Kellogg St. Paul HOME ECONOMICS . thenian Literary Society 2, 3; Y. W. C. A. Cabinet 3; W. S. G. A,; Home Economics Association. Rh(ida B. Kellogg .... Minneapolis ACADEMIC Alpha Omicron Pi; Freshman-Sophomore Oratorical Con- test 2; Thalian; Bib and Tucker; Pinafore: Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; Equal Suffrage Club; Players; Gopher Staff; Daily Staff: Big Sisters; Senate Committee on Student . ffairs; Small House Council. Erwin Henry Kersten Minneapolis .MINES Engineers Reserve Corps; S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. , cacia; Sigma Rho ; School of Mines Society. Norman Willard Kingsley . . Minneapolis ENGINEERING Alpha Kappa Sigma; .American Institute of Electrical Engineers; Varsity Football 2, 3, 4; Captain 4; Varsity Basketball 2. 3, 4; Track 3; Athletic Board 3, 4; President 4. Vere Mvrta Kinney Tarn O ' Shanter. Mc Grath Florian . rthur Kleinschmidt . . Mankato ARCHITECTURE R. O. T. C. Camp, Fort Sheridan, Illinois; S. A. T. C. University of Minnesota. Alpha Rho Chi; Varsity Football 3; -Architectural So- ciety 2, 3. I.n.A Kline Redwood Falls Alpha Omicron Pi: Players; Camp Fire; Big Sisters; W. A. A.; Bib and Tucker; Pinafore; Tam O ' Shanter. Dorothy Ki.osterman academic W. S. G. A.; Theta Epsilon. Si. Paul Vi VLLIAN Knapp Minneapolis ACADE.MIC Y. W. C. A. Cabinet 3; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Gopher Suff; Le Cercle Francais; Theta Epsilon; Big Sisters. IIBIBiaiBIBIBiaiBIBIBIBia 1 9 20 ■fl«l«IHIWI«l«IWIMI " l " l " l«l " l " l " ' " l " l " l " Page 130 iiBiBiwi«i«ffiwi«i«i«i«i«iwiwf GOPHER ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ' ' ' ' ' " HhUN Knebel St. Paul HOME ECONOMICS Phi Upsilon Omicron: Y. W. C. A.: W. S. C. A.: Homo Economics Association; Student Council 3; Big Sisters. IsABELLE Knopp Si. Paul ACADEMIC Delta Delta Delta; Euterpcan; I ' liiversity Choir; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A. I.i cv AUV Knott .... Minneapolis HOME ECONOMICS Home Economics Association; Farm Review Reporter 2, 3; Sophomore Vaudeville; Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A. Everett Howland Knowles engineering St. Paul -Mahtha Talf.tha Knutso.n . . . Waseca ACADEMIC Scandinavian Societv ; Bib and Tucker; W. S. G. A, W. A. A. KoRA KooNS . .... .Minneapolis ACADEMIC Le Cerclc Francais 3; Scandinavian Society 3; Camp Fire 2, 3; Bib and Tucker 1; Tam O ' Shanter 3; W. S. G. A. 1; Y. W. C. A. 1, 2, 3. France-S Korlsta Hopkins ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A. Harry J. Korslund . . . Eagle Grove, la. ARCHITECTLRE Alpha Rho Chi. Oline KoKSMO Noithwood, N. D. . TciN illRO.sF. KoSMOSKI, Jr. . . Owalonna AGRICULTURE S. A. T. C. University of Minnesota. Intcrclass Basketball 1, 2; Intramural Baseball 1; . thcnian Literary Society; Students ' Catholic -Association. ■ Iff I ■i»i«ffi»i» ' » ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' " ' " I ■ IBIBII 19 20 MfflBf fl " I ■!■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ' ' ' Lli!!Igi Paet 131 JI IMIMIWIMIMIMIMIMIMIMIWIWIW GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■I ■ ' ■ ' ■■■I ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■I ■ ' ■ Daniel Kuttke dentistry Medical RcstTve Corps. CuRicK Kraft EDLCATION Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A. Fergus Falls Farinington Laurene Krdch Minneapolis ACADEMIC Y. % " . C. .; ' - S. C. A.: Camp Fire; Tain O ' Shanler. Orlin Oscar Krise .... Bnnvnton ENGINEERING Naval Reserve Force. Great Lakes. Illinois; .Naval Unit. University of Minnesota. Thulanian; Varsity Football; . nierican Institute of Elec- trical Engineers: Sophomore Vaudeville. Johanna Frances Kuh. rsky . . Minneapolis ACADEMIC Students ' Catholic Association; Camp Fire 2, 3; Field Hockey 2; Pinafore; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A. Frederick F. Kumm Ernest W. Lampi medicine S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Varsity Football 2, 3; University Band. Redwiiiitl Falls Eveleth Ben Lan Worcester, Mass. DENTISTRY Naval Unit- University of Minnesota. -Alpha Tau Omega; Delta Sigma Delta; Triangle. Henry .Ioseph Lanoers dentistry Morris Medical Reserve Corps. Students ' Catholic . ssoc-iation. Helen Lucile Landis academic w. s. c. a.; y. w. c. a.; w. a. a. Minneapolis laiaLBiBiBiBiBiaiaia 1 9 20 ■i«iHi«fi»i« ' »i«i " ' wi " i " ' " ' i " ' i ' ' » " Page 132 ■ ■■■■■l»l«l«IWI«l«l«flBI«l«flMIHIWIMI» GOPHER ■flWfl»IWI«IWI ■ ' ■ ' ■! ■ ' ■■■IWI«I» ' »I« ' W ' NIaiikl S. Lam;k acadf.mic D.iily R.poil.r 3: Y. W. C. A. ESTHEK E AM.KI.1 K. LaRSEN EUIXATION 0 attiiina Minneapolis Esther Kristin e Larson .... .St. Panl ACADEMIC Mint ' r a Literarv Society; Daily Repon.-r 3; Irf Hocki-y 3; Y. W. C. A.: W. S. G. A.: W. A. A. Harr U. Larson .... Faigo. N. D. dentistry Mctiical Resen-e Corps; S. A. T. C. I iiivcrsity of Min- nesota. Xi Psi Phi; Class Prosiaciil I; Y. M. C. A. Leonard Win field Larson medicine S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Phi Beta Phi; University Band. IMAN L KSON . Minneapiilis LiuhHeia ACADEMIC Walter John Larson . . . . W illniai ENGINEERING Coast Artillery Ofiicers Training Camp. Fortress Monroe. Virginia, October 19— November 22. I9I8. Alpha Kappa Sigma. _ Ukna LaurITSKN .... . Iinnca]i(ilis ACADEMIC W, S. G. A.: V. W. C. A.: Daily Reporlrr 1. 2. .Miles E. Lawler Minneapolis DENTISTRY Battery F. Isl .Minmsola National Guard: .Medical Re- serve, University of Minnesota- -Alpha Tau Omega; Varsity Basketball 2, 3; Football Squad 3; " M " Club; Interfraternity Basketball I. 2. Carl E. Lebeck Minneapolis ENGINEERING Naval Unit. University of Minnesota . lpliu Sigma Plii ; Triangle. fl«l»IBIBfl«l»IMIBiai«l»IBI»l»l«IMI«IBIB 19 20 BI IW I ■!■! ■ !■ I ■ I ■ I ■!■» ■ ' ■ ' ■ Hi I ■ tglWHi I ■!■! Page 133 GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■iMi»i»i«i«i m -- " • ' ? ' Orrin Lee St. Paul MEDICINE , A. T. C. University of Minnesota. iSu Sigma Nu. Ruth M. Lee Minneapolis ACADEMIC Interclass Basketball 3 ; W. S. G. A. ' ai,ter JiLirs Lee .... Minneapolis ENGINEERING R. O. T. C. Camp. Fort Sherman, Illinois; S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Thulanian; Class President 3; Cymphony Orchestra 1. Herbert Louis Lefkovitz ... St. Paul ACADEMIC officers ' Training Camp, Fort Sheridan, Illinois; Central Machine Gun Officers ' Training School, Camp Hancock. Georgia, September 18 — December 18, 1918, Sport Editor Daily; Night Editor Daily: -Academic Stu- dent Council 2; Shakopean Literary Society. Harold R, Leland Kenyon MEDICINE S. A. T, C, University of Minnesota. Phi Beta Pi ; University Orchestra. Henry Martin Lende . . . Granite Falls ENGINEERING S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Alpha Kappa Sigma: Daily Reporter; Intramural Foot- ball 1, 2; Intramural Baseball 1, 2; Civil Engineering Society. Frances Levorsen .... Fergus Falls LAvr Lin Shu-ming .... Fno-clicuv. China ARCHITECTURE -Architectural Society; Chinese Students ' Club; Cosmo- politan Club. Leona Viola Lindquist .... Fulda HOME ECONOMICS Aclioth: Philomathean Literary Society: Y. W. C. A.; H. E. S. G, .A.; Home Economics .Association; Liberty Loan Campaign; Sophomore Vaudeville; Arenie, Raymond Albert Lockwood . . Minneapolis ENGINEERING R. O. T, C. Camp, Fort Sheridan, Illinois; S. A. T. C„ Liniversity of Minnesota, Alpha Kappa Sigma; Silver Spur; Class Vice President 2. «iBiBiBiBiBiaiBiai 1 9 20 ■■■[■[■[■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■[■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' " ' " i " ' " " Page 134 I ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■[■■■[■[■iw GOPH E. " R Ellen Lovcre.n Heach, N. 1). CurU ' ton CoIU-gr ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A. Elmkr CoRNhxii s LiNDyi 1ST . . Minneapolis DENTISTRY Mrtlical Rost-n-e Corps; S. A. T. V... I ' nivi ' rsiiy of Min- nesota. Psi Omega; Scandinavian Society. Olive LiNnyi ist ACADE.MIC French Club: W. S. C. A. Minneapolis Vaino Alfred Luttio . . Frederick. S. I). DENTISTRY S. . . T. C, LTniversity of Minnesota. Olive Lyman Minneapolis academic Kappa Alpha Thela: Thela Epsilon ; Y. W. C. A.: W, S. G. A.: W. A. A. ' , Bib and Tucker; Secretary Pina- fore 2; Tarn O ' Shanter; Class Vice President 2; Junior Representative W. A. A. Board 3, James Ross Lynch . . . Stratford, S. D. EDtC. TION S. A. T, C, University of Minnesota. Cross Country Track 3; Glee Club; Choir 3: Iiilranuiral .Athletics. Gertride Lyon Little p " al ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A.: W. A. A.; Aquatic League 3. ' akhick McCl.lRE St. Paul ACADE.MIC S. A. T. C, I ' niversity of Minnesota. Beta Theta Pi; Daily Reporter 1. Everett James McCi brey ... St. Paul ENGINEERING Engineer Reserve Corps; S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Gopher Staff. AR ,EI!Y McCl LLOCH MiiHieapolis ACADE.MIC Kappa .Alpha Thcta; Minerva Literary Society; Big Sis- ters; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Treasurer Tani O ' Shanter; Pinafore; Bib and Tucker. iBiBiBiaiaiHiaiBiaiaiBiBiBiBiaiaiBiBiBiBiB laiaiaiBiBiaiaiaiaiBiaiMiaiBiHiaiaiaii Page Ui GOPHER ■■■■■i " i " fiwf ' Mfiwi»iwiwiwi» ' W ' " fi ■ : Fluken ' CE McDermott .... Clontarf ACADEMIC Llum) McFaklane . . . Parkers Prairie MEDICINE .Mexican Border Service. Ballery F; S. A. T. C Uni- viTsity of Minnesota. . lpha Kappa Kappa. Robert Frank McGandy medicine S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Class Secretary and Treasurer 3. Marie McGraw Students ' Catholic . ssocialion ; W. O ' Shantcr. Minneapolis Hibbing G. a. ; Tarn Mai ' Rice Willard McInerny medicine Phi Beta Pi: Students ' Catholic . sfoci.uion Minneapolis auconia, Iowa James McKay . ... architecture Naval Linit, University of Minnesota. Thela Delta Chi; Cyma. Lei:)Naki) F. Mc Kenzie .... Adrian engineering Mexican Border Service, Battery F: Enjlineer Reserve Corps. Mari.akkt Li cile McLeod NURSING Students ' Catholic .Association; W. S. C. A. Slavton LiciLE McNally . New Riclimond. W ' i; academic Kappa Alpha Theta; Players; Theta Epsilon ; Daily Reporter; " Beauty and the Jacobin " ; Tarn O ' Shanter; W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. .A.; Students ' Catholic .Associa- tion; St. Catherine ' s College 1; Stanley Hall 2. llAlH McKaE Minneapolis ACADEMIC Alj.ha Gamma Delta; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; Presi- dent University Choir 2, 3; Soloist Men ' s Glee Club; Women ' s Glee Club; Secretary Pan-Hellenic Cnimcil 3; Big Sisters; War Chest Drive. .aiBiBiaiBiBiBiBiaia I9 20 ■■■ ' ■ ' ■[■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' • ' ■f ' ' ' ' Page 136 ■ ■■■■■■IWIWIMfflHIMIWIBIMIBIBIMIMIMIM GOPHER ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■IWI ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■! Nkkomca _Mc Shank academic; Studrnls Calholir Association. Austin Dlllutll Agnks Vi hitson Maci (i alu ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A.; V. S. G. A.; Sccrolary Minerva Lilirary Sorirty. Hl-LKN MaIKIKN Ml nil 1. Ch lmkks Mac Ki.ntosh EDUCATION Maral.sl. r C, ll.-,-. GuiMHU.I U(; M)Y Minneapolis Si. Paul Tvler .U.MIKMIC Fan Ml- Mac.uhin . . . .Munango. .N. 1). ACADEMIC Ma qiHTS. Mainahii .|i)H Mahlkh chemistry Sigma Nu; Sojilinniorc ' aiiiK ' villc. Elizabkth Mvii ' i 1 i.i;rich I ' HARMACY I.e Sueur Little Falls Sludents ' Catholic .Association: W. S. C A.: Profes- sional Women ' s (;iul). K 1 Hin N Manahan . St. Paul ACADEMIC Delia Delia Delta; Stmlenls Catholic . ssneiatioii ; Secre- tary Equal Suffrage Cliih 1 : Vice President E(|ual Suffrage Club 2; Thaliaii I, 2. .1: Treasurer 2; Shevlin Hoard 2; Erench Club; Tbela Sigma Phi; Plavers ; Women ' s Council : W. S. C. A.; W. A. A.; Coplier Staff. Mll-llllll) MxMIII- |. iii,r.,li; W - I.- - Biwahik iBiaiBiBiBiaiaiBiaiataiBiaiaiaiaiBiBiBiBia 19 20 »l»ffi«iPfiwiW ' » ' " i» ' W ' « ' » ' W ' Wi» ' Pate 137 ■ IHIWIWIMIBIMIBIHIMIBIBIBIMIBIMIM GOPHER ■■ ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■flWIWIWIWIMIMIMIMIWI ■!■ s Hale Mamuel St. Paul AGRICILTIRE Haim Margarlith Palestine Leader Hebrew Circle; Zionist Society: Menorati Society; Le Cercle Francais; " Leg Femmes Fortes. " Israel Charles Mark . . . Minneapolis MINES Engineer Reserve Corps; S. A. T. C, University of Min- nesota. Intramural Baseball 1; Intramural Football 1. 2; Intra mural Basketball 2; Zionist Society; Menorah ' Society; School of Mines Society. Portia Hazel Martin . . . . Minneapolis . C. DEMIC Le Cercle Francais 3; Scandinavian Society 3; Camp Fire 3; " Mrs. Temple ' s Telegram " 1; Y. W. C. A. Cabinet 3; Gopher Captain 3; Bib and Tucker 1; Pina- fore 2; Tam O ' Shanter 3; Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A.; W. S. C; A. Nicholas James Marxen dentistry S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Samuel Henry Maslon academic Jordan Minneapolis R. O. T. C. Camp. Fort Sheridan. Illinois. Sigma . Ipha Mu; Delta Sigma Rho ; Menorah Society: Zionist Society: Freshman-Sophomore Debate 1: Fresh- man-Sophomore Oratorical Contest 2; Varsity Debate 2; Daily Reporter 1. Eleanore Mathews Minneapolis Kappa Kappa Gamma: Gopher Staff; Big Sisters: MT. S. G. A.; Daily Reporter I; Shevlin Representative 1. Glenn E rl Matthews chemistry Ortonville Naval Unit. University of Minnesota. .Alpha Chi Sigma : Daily Reporter 2 : Sophomore Vaude. ville: Photographer 1920 Gopher; Class Treasurer 2: . merican Chemical Society. - lvin Rudolph Mattson .... Dassel ENGINEERI.NG Naval Radio Reserve; S. A. T. C University of Min. nesota. Svithiod ; -American Institute of Electrical Engineers; A. I. R. E. George Frederick Theodore M. yer academic S. A. T. C University of Minnesota. New Ulm JiiBiaiBiBiBiaiBiBiBiBiaiaiB 19 20 ■iHiaiBiBiBiBiaiaiaiBiBiaiHiaiBiBiHiaiHiai Page 13S ■ [■■■■■i«iwiwi«iBi«iwiHiBi«i»i«iMmiMi« GOPHER ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■! Lillian Mayer Great Falls, Mimt. MEDICINE Alpha Ep iIoii lola : Students Catholic Association: W. S. C. A.: Class Secretary 3; Basketball 2. 3. 4; Field Hockey; Winner Athletic Seal for Women. AiRELii s Hakui Maze . . . . Minneapolis DENTISTRY li. S. Marine Corps, April 23. 1917— February 23. 1918: Medical Reser e Corps; S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Psi Omega; Omega Eta Mu ; Students ' Catholic .Associa- tion; Dental Student Council 3; Wrestling 1, 2, 3; Varsity Football 3; Sienkiewicz Club; Liberty Loan Campaign; War Chest Drive. Margaret Elizabeth Mealey academic .Minneapolis Masquers: Minerva Literary Society; Gopher Staff; Y. W. C. A.: W. S. G. A.: Equal Suffrage Club; Big Sisters; War Chest Campaign; Secretary Tam O ' Shanter. Pai L F. Mf.ver Farili; MEDICINE Medical Reserve Corps; S. A. T. C. University o£ Min- nesota. Phi Rho Sigma; Shakopean Literary Society. Gladys Meyerand Minneapolis Y. W. C. A.: W. 5. G. A.; W. A. A.: Equal Suffrag Club: Tam o ' Shanter; Daily Reporter 2, 3. Fanni Miller Miller. S. D. HOME ECONOMICS . W. C. . .; VS " . S. G. .A.; Home Economics Association. Helen M. Miller .... Minneapolis ACADEMIC Oakes, N. D. Clifford Dock Mitchell dentistry Medical Reserve Corps; S. .A. T. C. University of Min- nesota. Acacia; Psi Omega; Omega Eta Mu: Class President 3; University Masonic Club; Silver Spur; B. S., Jamestown College. Louise Mitchell Jasper HOME ECONOMICS W. S. C. A.; W. A. A.; H. E. S. G. A.: Home Economics .Association; Y. W. C. A. Membership Committee. .Malin Gyris .Mohn Linton, N. D. dentistry Medical Reserve Corps; S. A. T. C. University of Min. nesota : Regimental Band. S. . . T. C. 1= fi»fi«i»i«i»fi«i«i«i " i " i " i» ' " i " i " i " i " i» 19 20 ■iBiHiwiBiBi»i»iwi«i« " ' «iML1€ ' JLlJLL£lP- ' ! J Page 139 ■ IBIWI»I MiHIWIWIWI«l«IWIBIMIHIHI«IMIBIWIB GOPHE.R ■ ' ■■■■■■■fl«l l ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ IWI» ' «H = 1 i| I " ! ' i Clarknce Kkkukick M(iure . . Minneapolis ENGINEERING Naval Unit. University of Minnesota. Sigma Phi Epsilon: Sophomore Engineering; Class Treasurer 2; Chairman Engineers ' Sophomore Vaudeville Stunt; Civil Engineering Society. im.iMA Morrison St. Paul .ACADEMIC Gaiitma Phi Beta; Theta Epsilon; V. W. C. , . Li MIA R. Mueller . . . . ' Spokane. Wash. EDUCATION W. A. A.; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; Class Secretary . " i; Graduate Cheney Slate Normal. Cheney, Wash. Naomi Ruth Mueller .... New Llm HOME ECONOMICS .Achoth ; Philomathean Literary Society; Home Economics Association; H. E. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A. Gretchen a. Muench .... St. Paul EDUCATION Daily Reporter 3; Pinafore; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A. Leila Elizabeth Munson academic v. w. c. a.; w. s. g. a. Robert Collixer Muruv medicine Bessie Louise Nacken . education Pi Lambda Theta; Y. W. C. A. St. Paul Ahertieen. S. D. Rolf Nannestad Bovev Albeit Lea Gerhard Frederick Neils . . . Cass Lake academic S. -A. T. C Lnivctsily of Minnesota; O. T. C. Camp Grant. Illinois. Alpha Sigma Phi; Sophomore Mixer; Liberty Loan Cam- paign. iBiBiatBiBiaiBia 1 9 20 ■■■[■ ■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■i ■ ' ■ ' ■i»f ' « ' i " Page 140 IIBfiWIBIMIHIBIBIBIMIMIMiaiMIBIBIBIBIBIB GOPHER ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■■■■ ■■■flWIMIWIWIWfl ■!■! Drlmohf Nkllermoe Sacred Heart DtNTlSTKV Axel I.f.andkk Nelson . Eaii Claire. Wis. DENTISTUV Mfiiical Rvs.rve Corps; S. .K. T. ( ' ... rnlv.-r.ily i.f Min- nesota. Psi Omega; ScaDdinavian Society. Clarence Leo- - rd Nelson . . . Benson ENGINEERING Engineer Reserve Corps; S. A. T. C. University of Min- nesota. Tau Kappa Epsilon ; Band 1. 2- .3; Ani.-rieiin Institute of Electrical Engineers. E ELV.N K. .Nelson Princelon, 111. ACADEMIC Daily Reporter 3; Camp Fire; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A-; W. A. A. Mae Nelson Minneapolis ACADEMIC Iniversily Clioir 1- 2, 3; Secretary 2; Y- W. C. A.: W. S. C. A. N. Harvey Nelson ACADEMIC Naval L ' nit. University of Minnesota Minneapolis Vir Nels Leonard Nelson agriculture Officers ' Training Camp. Fort Sheridan. Illinois; Commis- sioned Second Lieutenant, Field Artillery; Camp Zachary Taylor, Kentucky. .Alpha Canima Rho ; Livestock Club; Agricultural Dramatic Club; Hesperian Literary Society: Cross Country 2. Norman Nels jn Minneapolis ACADEMIC Officers Training School, Fort Sheridan. Illinois; Com- missioned Second Lieutenant: Company Commander S. A. T. C. University of Illinois. Polity Club; Kawa ; Daily Reporter 1. 2. Richard LeRoy Nelson engineering S. -A. T. C. University of Minnesota. Grove Citv Scandinavian Society: American Instiluli- of Electrical Engineers. Gertrude Nesbitt .... Al.ADEMli; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A. Bloominston a fiwi»i»i«i«fffffi«fi»fi»i«fiwiiiB 19 20 ■■■■■■■■■■■■■(■■■■■■■(■■■(■{■■■■■laiaiMiHia Page 141 -flWIWIMIWIMIWIMIKIHIBlBIBIBIM GOP HEIR ■ ■■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■I ■IWI»I ■! ■ ■■■■■■■■l»l ■!■ Earle Neville .... South Shore, S. D. ENGINEERING S. A. T. C. Huron College. Eda Jones Niles Lakefield HOME ECONOMIC S Elizabeth Nissen Minneapolis ACADEMIC Kappa Alpha Theta : Masquers; Pan-Hellenic Council 3; Shevlin Board 2; Equal Suffrage Club 2: Big Sisters; President Bib and Tucker; Freshman Commission; Field Hoclsey I; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Sales Director 1920 Gopher. John F. Noble Minneapolis ENGINEERING Naval Unit, University of Minnesota. Svithiod. Clay Wkight Noel St. Paul ENGINEERING Engineer Reserve Corps. .American Institute of Electrical Engineers. Alicia Katherine Noonan . . . Madelia ACADEMIC Le Cercle Francais ; Students ' Catholic -Association; W. S. G. A. Katherine Norman St. Paul acade.mic Kappa Kappa Ganuna ; Big Sisters; Sigma . lpha Delta; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A. Hazel NoRtjuisT Minneapolis ACADEMIC Kappa Delta; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A. Henry W. Norton .... Minneapolis ACADEMIC Officers ' Training Camp. Fort Sheridan, Illinois; Commis- sioned Second Lieutenant; Infantry Replacement Troops. Camp Grant. Illinois. Al|.ha Delta Phi: WTiite Dragon; Sport Editor Daily 2; President Triangle 3. Henry Norc aard Milaca -MEDICINE Medical Reserve Corps; 337th Field - rtillery. Camp Dodge. Iowa. Phi Rho Sigma. I s iiBiaiBiBiBiaiaiaiBrBiiiiiBia 1 9 20 ■i»iai«iai»i»iaiai»iaiai«iai»ipiai«i«fiai Page 142 ■ [■■■■■■■■■[■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■iwiM GOPHE.R ■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' Mattik Viola Nvstrom education Irwin O ' Connor Minneapolis St. Paul MEDICINE MAKit Ellen O ' Neill .... Minneapolis ACADEMIC StuJonls ' Catholic Associatiou. M. 1 xrie O ' Neill . . . low a Falls, Iowa ACADEMIC Kenvon H.4ROLD Thorstein Odegaard . engineering Engineer Resene Corps; S. A. T. C. University of .Minnesota. . niericau Society of Mechanical Engineers. Melba Oliver Minneapolis Frances Olmste.ad . . lpha Xi Delta. Minneapolis Marion Leila Olney .... Minneapolis HOME ECONOMICS Big Sisters; TS ' sr Chest Campaign; Y. W. C. A.: W. S. G. A.; Home Economics . ssociation ; Sophomore Vaude- ville. Lydda Marie Olson .... Minneapolis ACADEMIC Vr. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A.; Camp Fire; Equal .Suffrage Cluh ; Bib and Tucker; Pinafore; Field Hockey 2; Basketball 2. iLLARu Clifford Olson nnandale EDUCATION R. O. T. C. Camp, Fort Sheridan, Illinois; Infantry Cen- tral Officers ' Training School, Camp Pike, . rkansas, Oc- tober 15. 1918— December 1, 1918. Tau Kappa Epsilon ; Shakopean Literary Society ; Gopher Staff. [■l»IBIMIMiaflMI»IBIWIMI»IMI» ' »l " ' » ' " ' " l 19 20 ■■■[■I ■!■ I ■!■ I ■ I ■! MIWI ■ ■ ' ■[■ ' ■ ' ■I ' " ' W C Page 143 gi;;lWIBI»l«l«IWI«l«IHI«IBI«IHIMI«IBIflWIM GOPHER ■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■— ' ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' l a yC : Madison Chester Leonard Oppecaakd . medicine S. A. T. C. University of Miiinpsota. Phi Bela Pi; Glee Club. Beatrice Orrell Minneapolis ACADEMIC Delta Delta Delta; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; War Fund Couiniittee; W. A. A.: Jotiet Junior College; University of Chicago. LeRiiv Thurston Oster dentistry Naval Unit, University of Minnesota. .Minneapolis Cari. John Ostrom Wintliiop AGRICULTURE Corporal ;i.Slst Infantry. September. 1917 — November. 1917; Private, unassigned. .Aeriel Photo Service. Camp Dodge. Iowa. November. 1917 — December. 1917; 251st .Aero Squadron December. 1917 — March. 1918; 366th . ero Squadron. Fort Sill. Oklahoma. March. 1918— April. 1918; Sixth Provisional Company. Madison Barracks. New York. . pril, 1918— July. 1918; Band. Headquarters Company. July, 1918— September. 1918; School of Aerial Photog. raphv. Rochester. New Y ' ork. September. 1918 — December 16. 1918. . M. C. A. ; .Agricultural Dramatic Club : Philomalhean Literary Society. Elizabeth .Mary Owens .... Glen Lake ACADEMIC U ' . S. G. A.: Bib and Tucker: Pinafore; Tam O ' Shanter; Students Catholic .Association; S. C, .A. Seminar. Mellie Palmer Alpha Phi: Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A. Madelia - rthur Newton Parrett . . . Minneapolis CHEMISTRY . lpha Chi Sigma; .American Chemical Society. Ri th Patchin Elgin home economics Alfred Gerard Patterson dentistry Medical Reserve Corps. .Alpha Sigma Phi. Doha Pearson . . . . academic Carleton College; Y. W. C. A. Fargo. N. D. St. Paul iHiaiaiaiBiBiBiV ] 9 20 ■■■[■i«i«iwi " iwi«i " ' »i " ' " i " i i» ' " ' ' " ' ' ' Page 144 ■ [■■■[■■■■■[■[■iBiMiMMiMiMiMiBiiiBiai, GOPHER ■ ' ■■■■■fl«IW«l«l«IWIBIMI«IWIWIWI«IW Elmer Pearson Ely CHEMISTRY S. A. T. C. UiiivtTsitv of Miiint ' sota. Lai liA Seldkn Peck .... Minneapolis ACADEMIC Acanthus; Christian Science Sorielv ; Dailv Staff; W. S. C. A.: War Council: Y. W. C. A.; Bis Sisters. Clarence D. Peterson . . . Minneapolis mim:-; Helfrid Naomi Peterson . . . Minneapolis ACADEMIC Greek Club 3; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. C. A.; W . A. A. Jerome D. Peterson .... Minneapulis engineering Naval Unit. University of Minnesota. Delta Upsilon ; Triangle; Civil Engineering Society. Peter Irmn Peterson W illniai engineering Coast .Artillerj ' Officers Training School. Fortress Monroe, Virginia. Alpha Kappa Sigma. Richard M. Peterson Cokato engineering S. A. T. C University of Minnesota. Alpha Kappa Sigma; American Institute of Electrical Engineers. Clarence Neil Petterson . . Battle Lake PHARMACY S. A. T. C University of Minni-sota. Lorena Phillips Nortlifield NURSING Stucicnls " Catholic Association; ' . S. G. A.: W. A. A. - lano E. Pierce Minneapolis ACADEMIC Officers ' Training Camp, p ' ort Sheriilan. Illinois; Com. missioned Second Lieutenant, Stationed at Dunwoody In. stilute, Minneapolis, Minnesota, Phi Delta Theta; White Drag.m ;T riangle ; Gopher Staff; President Junior Ball " o,i.ilii,M. ■ fl«l»iai«l»IMIMffl«flBI«l«IBIMI«fl» 19 20 ■l l«IBflBIB1»IWIMfl »IMI«i»l«HBIMIBiaiBI Page J« fl«IWIMI«IWI»IMIMIBIWIMflMiaiB|MIMI«IM GOPHELR ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■I ■ ' ■■■■■I ■ ■■■■l«l»l " l ■ ' ■ ' m Hkrbert Pippel CHEMISTRY Robbinsdale Private. Camp Grant, June 22 — October 15. 1918: Ameri- can University for Chemical Warfare Service October 15— December 10, 1918. Erlinc S. Pl. tou Fargo, N. D. MEDICINE S. . T. C. University of Minnesota. Phi Gamma Delta; Nu Sigma Nu: Varsity Basketball 2. 3, 4; Captain Basketball 4; " M " Club, President 4; Secretary Board of . tbletic Control. . r (ii.1) Pless Cresco, lowu ENGINEERING S. A. T. C. University of Minnesota. Tau Kappa Epsilon ; Civil Engineering Society 2. .Sheldon Powers Minneapolii MINES Thcta Delta Chi; Sigma Rho; Sigma Delta Psi ; Track 1. 2. 3; Intramural Football 1. 2; . thletic Board of Control; School of Mines Society. Archie Emerson Prechel . dentistry S. . . T. C, University of Minnesota. Clarence Russell Price . engineering Engineer Reserve Corps. Waseca Minneapolis Antoinette Proshek .... New Prague NURSING Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A. Herman Radtke .... medicine S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Phi Kappa Sigma; Nu Sigma Nu. Carl A. Rahn New Ulm St. Paul ACADEMIC Officers Training Camp. Fort Sheridan, Illinois; Com- missioned Second Lieutenant; Personnel Adjutant, S. A. T. C, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri. Delta Tau Delta; Triangle; Spanish Club. Clifford Raymond Raiter MINES Minneapolis Chief Quartermaster U. S. Naval . viation, Dunwoody Training School. Phi Sigma Kappa; Class Treasurer 2; School of Mines Society ; Intramural Football 1, 2. iBiBiaiaiBiaiBiBiBil 1 9 20 ■■■■■i«i«iwfi»iwi " i»i " ' " i« ' Mi» ' " ' ' " i " ' " ' Page 146 ■ [■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■iwgiiaiwiBiaiwmiwiw COPHEIR ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■; II i!ui.ii Kahl Kamsf.tt .... illmar DENTISTRY Medical RestTvc Corps; S. A. T. C, Uiiiversily of Min- Rl TH Ka.ndall . CADEMIC Delia Guiiiiiia; Theta Epsilon. Robert C. Rawson Miniieaijolis _ lin] eai)(ilis DENTISTRY Medieiil Resene Corps; S. A. T. C, University of Min- nesota; Hospital Corps, First Minnesota Field Artillery, September. 1915— September, 1916, .Alpba Sigma Phi; Omega Eta Mu. Clayton 1. Reasoner engineering S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota, New Brisilil.i Edith Redland Minneapolis ACADEMIC Big Sisters; Y. W. C. A.: W. S. G. A.; Tara O ' Shantcr. lioNALD B. Ries .... Billings, Mont, ACADEMIC Naval Aviation, June — December, 1918, Delta Tan Delta; Triangle, Frances Riogs Pail Albert Risk Minneapolis Lisbon, N, D, dentistry First Provisional Ambulance Company, Medical Casuals, 88th Division, Xi Psi Phi; Omega Eta Mii; Dental Student Council 3; Chess Club; Y, M, C. A. Alice Rochford Minneapolis ACADEMIC W, S. G, A,; Y. W. C. A.; Carleton College. Mi ' RiEL RocKwooD Madelia HOME ECONOMICS W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A. Cabinet 3; Home Economics Association; Athenian Literary Society; Secretary 2; Vice President 3. ■, ;. t. " ,-0i IBIHIBiaiBIBIBIMiaiaiMIBI ■ ■■IHIBiaiHIHIBIB I 9 20 ■1«I«IBI» I ■ ' ■ ' ■! ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■l " ' « ' ' " Page 147 ■ [■IWIWIBIBIWIWIMIMIMIMIMIBIBIMIMIMIMIWIM COPHEJR ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■fl ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■I ■!■! - E Olivia Hknkietta Rollefson home economics Minneapolis Home Ecoiioiiiioi Association: Big Sisters; Publicity Cotiiraittce Y. W. C. A.: W. S. C. A. Hkli; Rose .... Bozeman, Mont. ACADEMIC . Iplia Oiiiicron Pi; Montana State College. John EinvAnii Rlcker . . . Wibaux, Mont. L.vw Clare R bak Pine Citv. ACADEMIC Pauline Sanuboe Hayfield ACADE.VIIC Scandinavian Society; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; St. Olat College. Lillian .Scally .... Billings, Mont. ACADEMIC Elizahlth 1akian Schiesseb . Miles City, Mont. PHARMACY Class Vice President I. 2; Secretary Digitalis War Saving Society; W. S. G. . .: Professional Wonu-n ' s .Association. Florence .Schilling . . New Hampton, Iowa ACADEMIC Students ' Catholic Association; Music Club; Eutcrpean ; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. C. A. St. Paul Katherine Julia Schindel academic Sophomore Representative . A. . Board; W. S. G. . .; Secretary Trailers 2: Women ' s . cademic Repre- sentative Gopher Board ; Women ' s . thletic Editor 1920 Gopher; War Fund Campaign; Bib and Tucker; Tam O ' Shanter; Field Hockey 1, 2; Basketball I; Baseball 1; Sub-Chairman Membership Connuittee Y. W. C. A. 3; Trailers; W. A. A.; Y. W. C. A. Grf.tchen Schmidt Dululh acade.mic (.amma Phi Beta; W. S. G. A.; Y ' . W. C. A. ' ■(■ia ai«iaiMiaiaiBiaia aia 3 20 ■laiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiai Page ll» ■ ■iWIWIMIBIHIWflBIHIHIMIMIWIBIBIMflWIW COPHEJ ■[■■■■■■■■■IMIMIWIWI1«IWI«l«l«IMiai ■TwT MlI.DHF.D SCHI LEK St. Paul Elsie Schurr Glencoe HOME ECONOMICS Delia Delta Delta; Phi Upsilon Oniicron: Gopher Staff; Daily Reporter 2; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Home Eco- noniies Association: Soplioniore Viuideville : Bin Sisters. Waltaslia Carl Henry Schweues dentistry S. A. T. C University of Minnesota. Psi Omega. Ed a Grace Scott .... Aneta, N. D. ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A. Inez Gertrude Scott . iieta, N. D. Mildred E. Scott Winona ACADEMIC Thalian; Masquers; Gopher Staff; Big Sisters; Y ' . W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; Tam O ' Shanter. Bernetta Louise Seipel . . . Minneapolis HOME ECONO.MICS Athenian Literary Society. Anna Axelia Sellin .... Minneapolis ACADEMIC Bib and Tucker; Pinafore; Daily Reporter 2. .3; Treasurer Iduna 2; Vice President Iduna 3; Chairman of W. S. S. Society Iduna 2, 3; President Scandinavian Society 3. Helen Sether Minneapolis ACADEMIC Scandinavian Cluli ; Big Sisters; W. S. (i. .: W. A. A. Grace Shannon Minneapolis ACADEMIC Delta Gamma: Sigma Alpha Delta: Theta Epsilon ; W. S. G. A. Board 3: Y. W. C. A. Cabinet 2. 3; Bib and Tucker; Pinafore; Tam O ' Shanter: Class Vice President 1; Freshman Commission; W. A. A. 1. 2. ■ ■flWI»l»l«l»l«l»l«IWIWIMI«l«IWIWIWIMI«IB 19 20 ■l l«IBI«l»IWfl»IWIWI " l«l«ffl«IWI« ' «l»l Paee 149 r ■ i«iMi»i«i«i«iwnii«iMfi«iMiBiMi» COPHE.R ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■I " ' S Florence Shapiro .... Minneapolis ACADEMIC Susan Sheldon Badger, Iowa .ACADEMIC Delta Delta Delta; Universitj- of Iowa. AcNES May Sheppard .... Hutchinson NURSING W. S. G. A. Lewis Shere Minneapolis agriculture S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Gabe Shuirman Keewatin engineering U. S. N. R. F., Great Lakes, Illinois; Naval Unit. Uni- versity of Minnesota. University Band; Class Treasurer 3. Chester William Siegmann . . Minneapolis engineering Officers ' Training Camp, Fort Sheridan, Illinois; Marine Corps, University of Minnesota. .American Institute of Electrical Engineers. Marion Blanche Silvern.ale . Menominee, Mich. HOME ECONO.MICS Philomalhean Literary Society; Y. W. C. A. Cabinet; Home Economics Association; Big Sisters; W. S. G. A. Florence Sim.monds St. Paul ACADEMIC Macalester College. Dorothea Simons Glencoe ACADEMIC Gamma Phi Beta; Masquers; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. C. A.; Big Sisters; Tam O ' Shanter. Anne Siperstein Minneapolis PHARMACY I ' fi: ■■■lajaiai ■iBiBiaia 1 9 20 ■i iBi«i»iwi«iwi " ' " i " ' " i«i " ' " ' " ' ' l ' ' ' Page ISO ■ [■IWIBIHIHIBIBIBIMIHIWIBIBflMIMIWflW GOPHEIR ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■I " ' ■ ' ■ ' St. Paul Florence Skinner .... . C. DEMIi; Kappa Kappa Gamma: SecreUry Women ' s House Council: Siema . lpha Delta: W. S. C. A.; Y. W. C. A.: Fraboda. Florence Christine Smith . . . St. Paul HOME economics Home Economics Association; Philomathean Literary So- ciety; Tam O ' Shanter; Big Sisters; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A. Helene Smith academic Students ' Catholic .Association. IRGINIA Smith Minneapolis Hibbing Ralph Anders Soderlind . . Minneapolis medicine Medical Reserve Corps; S. A. T. C, University of Min- nesota. Phi Rho Sigma. Bessie Bertha Solba academic Y. W. C. A. Esther Spetz Hopkins Bismarck, N. D. fharm.acy Digitalis War Savings Society; Class Secretary 3; Pro- fessional Women ' s Cluh, John F. Sprafka Perham DENTISTRY S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. -Alpha Tau Omega ; Triangle. Charles W. Staples dentistry .Vnna Stefans .... academic Minneapolis St. Paul 1 f iBiBiBiBiaiHiaiaiaiBiBi ■ ■■iBiaiaiBiBiaiBiB 19 20 ■l»i«iBi«iHiai»fi " ' wi " ' " ' i ' « ' iW ' » ' " i " Page ISl ■ IMI»IBlBiai«l«fl«IWI«l«l«l«l«IMIBIBl« GOPHER ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■l«l»IWIMIMI«IWI " l»l« ' i Myrtle Florence Stenseth . . Chicagu, 1 HOME ECONOMICS Big Sisters: Home Economics Association; Y. W. C. A. Poster Chairman: War Chest Campaign: W. S. G. A. Bellah Stephan Wallham ACADEMIC Thela Sigma Phi: Y. W. C. A.: W. S. G. A.; Daily Feature Staff 2. 3. Hehie Sternberg .... chemistry S. A. T. C. University of Minnesota. Sophomore Vaiuleville. Walter Charles Stillwell medicine S. A. T. C. Iniversilv of Minnesota. Sigma Phi Epsilon ; Triangle; University Band. Minneapolis Appleton Frances Elizabeth Storms acade-mic Minneapolis Theta Sigma Phi; Players: Big Sisters; Secretary Thalian ; Daily Feature Staff: Freshman Commission; Equal Suffrage Club; Y. W. C. A. Committees; W. S. C. A.; Gopher Staff. Russell Strothman engineering R. O. T. C. Camp. Fort Sheriilan, Illino Lrniversitv of Minnesota. Grace Willard Styles HOME economics St. Paul A. T. C, .St. Paul Hesperian Literary Society ; Big Sisters: Y ' . W. C. . . ; W. S. G. A. Mary Constance Sullivan academic Chisholm Kappa Delta; St. Teresa College; Students ' Catholic .Ysso. elation; W. S. C. A.; Y. W. C. A. Kenneth Holden Sutherland . medicine S. -A. T. C University of Minnesota. Minneapolis SiGNE Svedal Minneapolis ACADEMIC Scandinavian Society. -laiBiBiaiBiBiaiBiBiaiaiB 19 20 ■[■[■[■■■iPfi»iwi " i»i«i " ' «iW ' " ' « ' Mi«i " i " ' " l Page 152 l«IWI»l«flWI»l«l«l«IWfl»IMIBI«IWIBIWI« GOPHEJ ■■■■■■■■■[■■■■■■■■■IWIMIWIWIWIWIIBfl Eakl Clikford Swansox dentistky S. A. T. C. I nivt rsUv of Minnrsdta. P i O nu ' pa. Edith Mathilua Swanson academic Scaiulinavian Club: Y. W. C. A.: V. S. I.. . Minneapolis St. Panl Hakold Emapvuel Swanson dentistry P-i Omega: Scandinavian Society. Minneapolis GlsTA ; VEN?oN Minneapolis ENGINEERING Mildred Swinblrne .... Minneapolis HOME ECONOMICS Phi Vpsilon Omicron : Y. W. C. A. Membership Com- mittee 3: W. S. G. .A.: Class Treasurer 3: Big Sisters; Sophomore Vaudeville. Lillian Loiise Taylor academic Alpha Phi. Minneapolis Pail .Sharpe Taylor . . Shell Lake, Wi: DENTISTRY Medical Reserve Corps: S. A. T. C. L ' riiversity of Min- nesota. Xi Psi Phi: Students ' Catholic .Association: Shakopean Lilerarv- Society. Ri TH Ta- lor .... EDICATION I ' niiersily Choir: Y. W. C. A. Clarence Palmer Tenneson academic Farpo College, NiiRMxN (i. Tenneson ACADEMIC S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Fareo C.llege, Duluth Faigo, N, D, Kar " o, N, D, iBiBiaiBiBiBiBiBiaiaiaiaiBiaiaiaiBiBiaiaiai 9 20 ■laiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiwiaiaiwiaiaiai Pagt 1S3 ■ IWI»l»]«IHl«l«l«IHflMIMflMIM|MIBIWIM GOPHEJ ■IMIWIWIWIMIM !■! ■■■IB4«l«IWIHflBIWI ■!■! •oi 3? ' .If " rf- . le ' Sfci ' . Amy Thompson academic Y. «■. C. A.; W. S. G. A. Harriet Thompson Mavnard St. Paul Gamma Phi Beta. James Woburn ' Thompson . . . Minneapolis AGRICULTURE Officers ' Training Camp, Fort Sheridan, Illinois; Commis- sioned Second Lieutenant; Company Commander, S. A. T. C, Tennessee Polytechnical Institute, Cookeville, Tennessee. Leah Lansing Thompson . . . Minneapolis ACADEMIC Gopher Staff; Equal Suffrage Club; Y ' . W. C. A.; Mem- bership Committee; W. S. G. A.; W. . . A.; Tam O ' Shanter. -Mathew Hillard Thornton dentistry Medical Resene Corps. Delta Sigma Delta. Appletun Louise Thorson Minneapolis ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Camp Fire; Tam O ' Shanter. Esther Thurber Minneapolis ACADEMIC Kappa Alpha Theta ; Freshman Representative W. A. A. Board; Y ' . W. C. A.; President Pinafore; Big Sisters; W. S. G. A.; Gopher Staff; Minerva Literary Society. Helen Tilden St. Paul NURSING W. S. G. A.; Basketball 2; Y. W. C. A. Helen Tompkins Laurine Townsley NURSING Y. W. C. a.; W. S. G. a. Mankato JDnneapolis .■(■WIHiaiBIBJBiaiBIBIBIBII 1 9 20 ■l l«l«IBI»l«l»l«l " ' «l " ' " l»l»l " ' « ' l l " ' " l Page IS4 ■ [■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■[■■■[■■■■■■■iwiwiw GOPHEIR ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' " Dorothy Treacy . ... Bismarck, N. D. ACADEMIC Daily Reporter; Theta Sigma Phi; W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; Tain O ' Shanter. Ralph H. Tkiem ... La Poite City, Iowa ENGINEERING R. O. T. C. Camp, Fort Sheridan. Illinois. Phi Delta Theta; Glee Club; .American Institute of Elec- trical Engineers. Kenneth C. Tufts Long Prairie ENGINEERING George Lew Tive Minneapolis ENGINEERING S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota; Engineer Reserve Corps. University Choir; A. S. M. E.; Briggs Prize, Foundry Practice. 1918. NiEL WOODBRIDGE UPHAM ACADEMIC Duliilli S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. . lpha Delta Phi; White Dragon; Silver Spur; Triangle; Sophomore Vaudeville; Business Manager Masquers 2: National City Bank Scholarship; Business Manager 1920 Gopher. Theodore L. Vallacher engineering Minneapolis Private 388th Infantry, October 28, 1918— November 20. 1918; Corporal, November 20, 1918— December 20. 1918, Camp Cody, N ' ew Mexico. Delta Upsilon; Silver Spur; Engineering Representative Gopher Board; Civil Engineering Society; Triangle Club. Elise Van Ness ACADEMIC Minneapolis W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A.; Acanthus: W. S. C. A. Board 3; Y. W. C. A. Executive Council 3; Secretary Y. W. C. A. 2; Daily Reporter 3; Gopher Staff. Luke Paul Vass.ir St. Paul AGRICULTURE S. . . T. C, University of Minnesota ; R. 0. T. C. Camp, Fort Sheridan, Illinois. Louise Vic Litcllfie LiLAH . GiNES ViK .... La Ciosse, Wis. EDUCATION La Crosse State Normal; W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.: Tam O ' Shanter; Class Vice President 3; Pi Lambda Theta. » 1 ■». .■ ■ i«iwiai«fiMi«i«i»fi«i»i»i« ' " ' W ' " ' " i« ' " 19 20 ■ffiBfiwi»i«l«iwiw ' " ' ' " ' « ' " « ' «i i» Page ISS IWlMIWIMIWmiMIMflBIMIMIMIMIMIMIMIMIMIB GOPHER ■■■■■■■ ' ■IWIM !■! ■■■■■■■IWIMIWIMIMI I ■!■ a: .1 iviA. | A uoEL .... Minneapolis PHARMACY Alpha Omirron Pi; University Choir; Professional Women ' !. Cluli; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A. William Joseph Von Bank dentistry S. A. T. C. LIniversity of Minnesota. Stntlents ' Catholic Association. (Jakl Luther Wallfred chemistry S. . . T. C, Uniyersity of Minnesota. Intraintiral Baseball 1. 2. Jordan Minneapolis j tE Evelyn Walrath . . Miles Citv, [ont. academic Carlcton College. ( ' h hles Thomas Wangensteen . . Lake Park L.AW Private 17th Coast Defense. June 26. 1918 — September 15, 1918; Coast Artillery Training Camp. Fortress Monroe. Virginia, September 15, 1918— November 21. 1918; Com- missioned Second Lieutenant, Coast Artillery Reserve Corps; Mexican Border Service, Battery F. Alplia Sigma Phi; Scabbard and Blade; Shakopean Lit- erary Society; Minnesota Law Review Board; Class Presi- dent 3: Phi Beta Kappa. Ella Watland .academic Y. W. C. A.; W . S. G. A.; Basketball 3. LuDwiG J. Weber .... CHEMISTRY S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. .Alpha Chi Sigma. Maiiidn Webster .VCADEMIC Jackson Bird Island .Minneapolis Y. W. C. a.; W. a. a.; French Club; Big Sisters; Sergeant United War Work Drive; Pinafore; Tam n-Shanler. Ul TH EDGE Faith Welben academic House Council: Y. W. C. .A. Zumbrola Iowa Falls. Iowa ' ■i»iT»i«i«i»iwiwi«iB 1 9 20 ■laiaiaiHiaiaiBiaiMiBiBiaiaiMiaiaiaiaiBiai Page 156 ■ [■■■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■iMffiMiwiaiBiwiMiw GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' » Gertrlue VSellisch acadkmic Delia Delta Delta ; Thalian. Jknme Wennekstrom EUl ' CATlON James Dlane Wheeler St. Paul Kochert Minneapolis MINES S. a. T. C, University of Minnesota. Sigma ,41pha Epsilon ; Sigma Rho ; Secretary and Treasurer School of Mines Society: Class President 2; Silver Spur; Gopher Board; Intramural Football 2; Intramural Basket- ball 2. Ri TH Marie White Buffalo I ' M MiMACV Professional Women ' s Club: Treasurer Dicilalis War Savings Club; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. C. A. Pai L Benjamin Wiberc DENTISTRY S. a. T. C. IJiiiversily of Minnesota. Delta Sigma Delta. Wii.FoRD F. Widen Lake Crystal Minneapolis MEDICINE Medical Reserve Corps. Nu Sigma Nu ; Secretary Board of Governors of Minne- sota Union 4; Class Vice President 3; Class President 4; Y. M. C. A.; Varsity Tennis Team; Conference Doubles Championship; Intramural Basketball 4. Fkeb L. W ill .Minneapolis DENTISTRY Medical Reserve Corps; S. A. T. C, Universilv of Min- nesota. Psi Omega; University Baud. Florence .Alice Willette education HI lie Eaill Mankato State Normal; Tarn O ' Shantcr; Students ' Catho- lir Association ; Class Treasurer 3 ; Lc Ccrclc Franriiis; Y. W. C. A. Cauoi.ink Williams .... home e(:o omics Y. W. C. a.; Home Eronomics Association. Williii.ii Mary Williams Minneapolis ACADEMIC K.ipp.i Delta; Kaj.pa Rh..; V. W . i:. A.: V. S. (;. A. . ' S ;l laiBiBiBiBiBiaiBiaiaiBiai ■ ■■■■■■(■iBiaiBiH 19 20 ■iai«i«i«fi«fiwi«iw ' " ' « ' « ' « ' " ' " ' »i« ' » ' l Page IS? ilHIMIWflMIMIHIMIWIWIWIW GOPHEIR ■IBI«IMIMI " I " I " I ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' " ' ■ - - ' Ar- MvKL Ja5iks Williams .... Milroy ENGINEERING Alpha Kappa Sigma: Y. M. C. A.; A. S. M. E. : West- minster College 1; Freshman Debate; Varsity Debate 1; Tau Kappa Alpha. Ruth Olwln Williams academic Makiun M. Willouchby academic Minneapolis Minneapolis Alpha Phi; . canlhus Literary Society: Sigma . lpha Delta; Fraboda ; Y. W. C. A.: W. S. C. A.; Big Sisters; Gopher Staff; Advertising Staff Daily 3. P. Raymond Wilson . . . Minneapolis ENGINEERING S. a. T. C, University of Minnesota. American Institute of Electrical Engineers: University Band 2; Campus Orchestra 3; Second Regiment Band. Lydia Helena Winter acade.viic Lela Witherstein Howard Hartnette Wolfe medicine S. A. T. C University of Minnesota. Glee Club 3. Chinook. Mont. Minneapolis St. Paul Mabel " Wray =( Alfred B. Xuma Hastings Africa agriculture Eleanor Dorothy Young . . Minneapolis HOME ECONOMICS Kappa Delta: Phi Upsilon Omicron : Big Sisters: H. E. S. G. a. Council 1: Y. W. C. A.: W. S. G. A.; Home Economics .Association; Sophomor e Vaudeville. siiaiaiaiBiBiaiaiBia I 9 20 ■■■[■i«i«iai»i«iwi " i " ' " ' " ' " iMi " i " i " i " ' " ' Page 138 ■ [■[■■■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■[■iw GOPHE-R ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ Bu Iiul. LeL.WD - IA TEK Ul.NOBLUUl) AGRICILTURE Alpha Gamma Rho; Philoniatlu-an Lilt-rary Society: Tnasuior Live Stock Club; Y. M. C. A. Winston D. Yolxcren . . . Minneapolis ACADEMIC R. O. T. C. Camp, Fort Sheridan, Illinois; S. A. T. C, University of Minnesota. Liberty Loan Campaign. Mrs. Nina L. Youngs . . . Minneapolis . CADEMIC Equal Suffrage Club; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. C. A. Henry G. Zancer .... Minneapolis MEDICINE Medical Reserve Corps; S. A. T. C, University of Min- nesota. Phi Rho Sigma; University Symphony Orchestra: Junior Ball Committee; Senior Advisor. Blanche Zellmer .... Sleepy Eye HOME ECONOMICS Y. W. C. A.; r. S. G. A.; Home Economics Association. Helen Anne Zesbaugh . . . Minneapolis ART EDUCATION Students ' Catholic Association; Le Cercle Francais; French Flay 2; Spanish Club; Tam O ' Shanter. Martha Mary Zesbaugh . . Minneapolis ART EDUCATION Students ' Catholic Association; W. S. G. A. Board; Spanish Club; W. A. A.; Tam O ' Shanter. Charlotte Emma Zimmerschied academic W. S. G. A.; Mathematics Club. Minneapolis ■ fl«l»iafMI«H»MI»IWfl»l»l " ' " ' " ' »l " l» 19 20 ■l»l«l«lMIBI»l»l fl« ' WI " ' « ' W ' « ' " WI« ' Page 159 aiMIMIMIMIHIHIBIMIMIBIWIBIWIM GOPHER ■ ' ■ ' ■!■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■IW ' " ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ laiaiaiBiaiaiaiBiaiBiaiBiaiBia I 9 20 r ■ laiaiaiaiaiBiaiaiHiaiaiaiMii Page 160 ATHLETICS GOPHER ■■■■■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■■■I ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' L ' The ff ar and Athletics Tlie following article was written especially for The 1920 Gopher by Waller Camp, a Yale man. and llie most noted authority on football in the world. During the war Mr. Camp served as director of tho Division of Athletics in the Navy. OOKING Ijack upon the athletics and recreational sports which were inaintaineil by our colleges during the war, we all agree. I believe, that we made no mistake in continuing the games which directly aim at the perfection of rugged physique and which are built upon the principles of military strategy. Such a typical game is football. Instead of considering dropping the sport en- tirely, it should have been encouraged and extemled to classes and other undergraduate units. No better preparation for the battles of Chateau-Thierry, the Somme, the Marne, and the Argonne could lune been secured than upon the gridirons of our universities. We can now see clearly what was obscure a few months ago. but it is worth while if the lesson has been learned. Surely, if military science is the need of the hour, eliminating from the daily life of the students of our universities the sports which are based upon military strategy would have been an unfortunate move. We have gone back to athletics in our colleges with a feeling that they are an indispensable part of the life of the campus, that they might have been used even to better advantage in equipping our college men to fight for their country, and to conserve their physical well-being, as well as to conform to military uses. As we reconstruct our undergraduate sports, we realize that the day of the old regime is past when a " Varsity football squad of a hundred players marked the main registration in athletics of the undergratluates of a large university during the fall months. The five or six hundred students who sat upon the bleachers and watched the football practice may be found there again next fall. but the new viewpoint of the faculty is, " Every student in some branch of athletics or physical drill, " and the chances are that most of the five hundred will be plaving football themselves or spending their afternoons in some other branch of inter-class sport. g ] While placing their undergraduates at the disposal of their P i country was the patriotic aim of every university ijresident. the E: opportunity of preparing the students for service through the metlium l|H of college athletics waited for the indorsement which finally came l ' S| from a hundred battle fields and from the commanding officers of !:H, our Allies! WALTER Camp. 1? n l| ' n ■ (■ffffffffffiMf 19 2 O r. ■fffiBimii Page 162 i«iwi»fi«i«iwiaiBiwiwi«iBiBiBiaiBrwi»i« COPHEJ . ■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■i«iwff ' »i«ff wii»i " i«i POWERS MARA HOLT AliNTSON PLATOLI KINGSLEY SCHUKNECHT HARRISON PAIGE HAYDEN HARDING Athletic Board of Control Officer, NoRMA KiNCSLEY President Samuel Mara I ice President Erlinc Platol Secretary Mcmbrrs FACULTY James Paige E. F. Hakding ILUM.M .|llH F. HaIDEN jiiHN SCHI KNECHT sri i)h TS oK HN kiNGSLEY Representul ' .ve at Large Neal Arntson icudemic John Holt icademic Erling Platou Medicine Sam Mara Dentistry Stanley Donahoe Law Sheldon Powers Engineering Rudolph Schendlkr -isrirnllure laiaiBiaiaiBiBiBiBiaiaiBiBiaiaiaiBiaiBiail Id 20 ■laiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiBiaiaiaiaiBiHiBiBiBiiiiHi Paie 163 GOPHER ■ ■ ■■■■ ■■■■■■■■■•■laiaiHiHiBiaiaiiaiBiB r w Wearers of the " M " FoiithitU Jamks Vail Fred Enkk L. A. Wallace Larry Doyle Frank Jordan Ralph Warnock George Larkin Ernest Lampi Gus Ekherc Erlinc Platou Norman Kingsley G. H. BlERMAN H. W. BlERMAN 1. R. Davis H. W. Gillen George W. Hauser Henry H. Adams Basketball Miles E. Lawlf.h George Miners Norman Kingslki C. C. Hanke C. C. Roos F. A. Kleinschmidt b. j. schmitz Harlow Bierman John M. Cllligan Joel Hiltkrans Arnold Oss Joel Hultkrans Loiis Hal ' ser Frank McNall S. G. Mara Alfred Schroeder Y. D. Wong WlLORD F. Wl ■ laiMiaiMiaiB 1 9 2C ■ laiaiBiBiBiaiaiHiaiaiBiaiHiM Piige 164 ■[■iwiaiMfiwiBiMffiHiBiMmiai iwiMiw COPHELR ■■■■■i»i«ff«i« ' W ' W ' » ' « ' « ' " ' " ' « ' « ' ' THAT the laptain? of Minnesota ' s three major athletic teams duriiii; the years 1916-17 were all commissioned at the ver outhreak of tiie war. wounded, decor ated for gallantry in action, and |M(irii )led. until all lia c allaiiied the grade ot captain, is one of the most remarkable coincidences in Minnesota uar annals. There can he !io finer tribute to college athletics and its |iarliei|ianls. Captfiin tlhcrl I ' ri ' sloii llaslon In recognition of his courage and leader-hip. Cap- tain All)erl Preston Baston is now a niend)er of the hoard in France which awards the Distinguished Service Cross. For three years Captain Baston was a member of the Minnesota football team. During the last two years he was practically a unanimous choice for Ail- American end. He was commissioned second lieutenant in the Marine Corps on May 24, 1917. In May, 1917, he was wounded in action. He was promoted to first lieutenant, and on June 6. in the hattle of the Marne, again received two machine gun wounds in the leg. For gallantry in fighting he was given the Distinguished Ser- vice Cross and promoted to cajitain. Captain Carh ' lon W allace Captain Carleton Spicer Wallace was commissioned second lieutenant in the Marine Corps in May, 1917. While leading a reconnoitering ex])edition on April 29. l91o. he was wounded four times. On June 9 he left the hospital and led his company at Chateau Thierry, where he was again woundetl. For his courageous action he was promoted to captain and awarded the Distin- guished Service Cross. Only through the most skillful surgery was it possible to save his right leg from ampu tation. He sailed for home December, 1918. He is now at the Brooklyn Navy Yard hospital. l.aptdin Addison »( ' «.s,s (Captain Addison Douglass, Engineering 1917, for- mer Varsity basketball ca])tain. was a member of the 9(lih Division, Field Artillery, which participated in the drives at St. Mihiel, the Argonne Forest, and in other sectors. He was decorated widi ihc (.roi dc Guerre for gallantry in action. Douglass was one of the honor graduates of the University in 1917. and was f irst sent to Sparta. Wis- consin, where he received a commission as second lieu- tenant. Shortly after being connnissioncd he was sent overseas where he was twice promoted. ■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■iBiaiaiBiMiaiBiBia I 9 20 ■■■fi i«i»iwiwfi " iw ' »f«fi " f ' »f ' ' « ' Page 16S GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■■■■■i«iwiwi«i«i«iwi«iBi«iwi«i»i mFM Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Dk. H. L. ft ii.liams . SiG Harris Bee Lawler Joseph M. SprafkaJ Norman- Kincsley Ernest I, mpi Head Coach Assistaiil Coaches Captain Captain-Etecl Results of Season 33 Overland Aviation 27 St. Tliomas . . . 57 Carleton . . . . Iowa 6 Wisconsin 6 Municipal Pier 7 Chicago . . . . 6 7 6 20 Total Points 136 Opponents Conference Standings ILLINOIS MICHIGAN IOWA MINNESOTA PURDUE insCONSIN NORTHWESTERN OHIO STATE CHIC4G0 39 iBiBiaiai iBiBiMiaiaiBiBia Bia 19 20 ■fi«i«i«i«i«i«fi»iMi " i " iMiwi " i " ' " ' ' W ' Page 166 laiBiBtaiaiaiHiaiaiaiHiaiBiHiBi ■ iwiwiMi COPHELR ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' » ' ' ' ' jgj! DR. COOKE HARRIS JOHNSON GOLDBERG ROOS DR. WILU. MS SCH.MIDT BIERMAN HRUTFIORD SWANSTRUM KLEINSCHMIDT HENKE MINERS KINGSLEY EKBERG HULTKRANS CULLIGAN LARKIN WARNOCK JORDAN DOYLE WALLACE ENKE VAIL LAMPI The 1918 Minnesota Football Team J, MKs W. ail if. " End Fred Enke Left Tackle L. A. Wallace Left Guard Larry Doyle Center Frank Jordan Right Guard Falph Warnock Right Tackle George Larkin Right End Ernest Lampi Quarterback Gus Ekbekg - ■ ' Haljback George Miners Right Halfback Norman Kingslei (Capt.l Fullback C. C. Hanke Left End D. C. Roos Left Guard F. A. Kleinsghmidt Right Guard i. J. .ScHMiTZ Left Guard Harlow Biehman Left Haljback John M. Cllligan Right Haljback Joel Hiltkrans Right Haljback ■ ■■■■■■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■ ■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ' 9 20 ■■■[■■■■■i " ' " i " i i-i " ' " i " ' «i!!LJ!iJ!igi!LJi! Page 167 IIMIWiaiWIWIWIM GOPHER ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■l«l«IWI»fl«IMIWIWIWIW m The 1918 Football Season T)]K lall (il lUIJI uill hiiij; he leineiiiliered as a period in which the sludeiits at most of the |iiominent universities in the counlr were actively preparing lor war. L nder tlie titU ' of llie S. A. T. C, everv able-bodied male student at the L ni- ersitv of Minnesota, over 18 vears of age, was en- rolled as a regular member of the United States Armv. and the L niversity became in truth a military training camp. All the normal activities of college life were badly disturbed, and among olher things inter- collegiate lootball paid its toll. The Government decided to foster and promote intcri ' sl ill intercollegiate activities as much as was possible without having it interfere with the mili- tary plans. A revised schedule of games was accordingly arranged. The games with Michigan, Illinois, and Indiana bad to be given up to conform to the order that no trip could be taken which necessitated having the team leave town earlier than Friday evening. In their places were substituted games with the Municipal Pier Naval Ensign School of Chicago. Carlelon College, and with ihe Iniversitv of Iowa. Eligibility Kiilcs Lcssincd Under the military regime, all men in the S. A. T. C. were declared eligible to play. It became necessary therefore for the Western Conference to suspend the rules of eligibilitv and make all men eligible who were in good standin ; in the S. A. T. C. . uaiBiHiBiBiHiMiafBiHiaiBia ] 9 2c iBiniBiaiaiBiBii ■ ■■laiBiaiHIBIHIHI Page 168 flWI»l«l«l«IWI«l«l«IWWCMIMI«l«l«IBIWI» COPHE.R ■ ' ■ffl»IWIMIWI« ' » ' » ' WI«l«l«IM ' «l« ' " ' Thus it was thai on the team were found a considerable number of first-year men, as well as players who had made records for themselves at other colleges. The early season furnished many handicaps and discouragements. A small squad was assembled for early practice on September 15 on iNorthrop Field and a good start made until the entire first backfield was called away into the service before the first of October. About this time all the athletic activities at Minnesota were officially taken over by the military authorities, but the University tendered its services in co-operation. The machinery of the athletic organization, including coaches, managers, etc., was continued intact. Major Raliiti R. Adams, commanding officer of the S. A. T. C. at Minnesota, was a staunch supporter of football. He appointed Lieut. Roy Harris to be officially in charge of the department of athletics. Lieut. Harris look up the work with enthusiasm. Not only was he a loyal supporter and backer of the first team. antl. not only did he give it every possible co-operation anil support, but his energy and enterprise made possible the organization and full equipment of sixteen com- ]iany teams — probably the largest number of football teams ever organized and kept busy on the field at any American university. Defeat Avialiim Mi-chanics Arm quarantine regulations during the first two weeks after the Lniversity iijjened added certain difficulties. As these were about overcome a city quarantine, made necessary on account of the prevalence of influenza, put a ban on all games open to the public on Northrop Field. This made it necessary to cancel the opening game arranged with North Dakota, and to play the games that had been arranged with St. Thomas and Carleton in St. Paul: the former at St. Thomas Field and the latter at Lexington Park. The first preliminary game was played on Northrop Field October 20 with the U. S. Aviation School located at the Overland Building, while the army quarantine was still in force. Though cruili ' and unorganized, the teams put up a creditable game and Minnesota won |i ihc iBiaiBiBiaiaiBiaiaiaiaiaiBiBiaiaiBiBiaiaiB 19 20 ■laiaiaiaiaiaiaiai ■ iBiBip ii«i»isiaiaiaiBi Page 169 ■ IWI«I«IBI«I«IWIMIM GOPHER ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■IW »IM ' WIWI»f ' «« ' " ' score of 30 to 0. The following week. October 27, the team plaved St. Thomas. Probably no worse weather conditions for playing football have ever been en- countered. Rains of the preceding night turned into snow the morning of the game, and iho the storm stopped soon after noon, the field was a sea of mud and slush. St. Thomas Barely Scores St. Thomas presented a well coached, scrappy team that did well under the conditions, but Minnesota four times carried the ball down the field for touchdowns by steady marches. Toward the close of the last quarter, the line-up was com- ])osed mostly of substitutes. A well executed pass netted St. Thomas a large gain that placed the ball about five yards from Minnesotas goal. An " oif side " was called in the following play and the ball w-as one foot from the goal line. The St. Thomas quarterback kept his head and carried the ball over with a dive thru center on the next play. This left the score 25 to 7 in favor of Minnesota. On November third the combined team from Carleton and St. Olaf was met at Lexington Park. Here again the condition of the playing field was wretched, a war m sun having thawed out the frozen surface of the ground, making the footing slippery and uncertain. Carleton Easy J ictini Carleton was light and furnished rather mediocre opposition. During full lime quarters, the team was able to run 50 punts, while Carleton duplicated the per- formance of St. Thomas almost exactly and scored a touchdown on Minnesota near the close of the game from the two-foot line. The final score was 59 to 6. Iowa Finally I ictor The first conference game was played with Iowa at Iowa City on November 10. The Hawkeyes had a well-balanced veteran team, with a pair of powerful and heavy tackles that made their line very strong in the defense. Minnesota was unable to C£rry the ball consistently and the battle raged nip-and-tuck throughout the first half, with the advantage leaning toward the side of Iowa. In the third quarter a ' ■laiBiaiaiBiBiaiaiHiBiBi 1 9 20 »i i«i«ibi ■ i«i«iwi»i«i» ' " iwiwi ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' i " ' ' Page 170 ■ ■■IMIBIWIHIMIMIMIWIMIMIMmiMIHIWIWIM COPHE.R ■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■I " ' ' " ' " ' " ' ' ' " successful forward pass nelled twenty yards for Iowa and placed the liall three yards from Minnesota ' s goal. After three fierce attacks at the line, the hall was put oyer by six inches and Iowa scored. Minnesota came back hard and one time had the ball on the 15-yard line, but a fumble here lost what appeared to be an oppor- tunity to score. The final score was 60 to 0. This was the first game eyer won by Iowa oyer Minnesota. In the game the Varsity line-up was as follows: L. E., Ekberg: L. T., Enke; L. G., Wallace; C, Doyle: R. G.. Kleinschmidt; R. T., Warnock; R. E.. Vaile; Q. B., Lampi; L. H., Miners; R. H., Hultkrans; F. B., Kingsley leapt.) ; subs.: Jordan. Culligan. and Bierman. Badist ' rs Prove Fighters The annual game with Wisconsin was played on Northrop Field oyember 17, the city quarantine having been lifted only twenty-four hours before. This was a hard fought contest from start to finish, with Minnesota holding the edge at all times. Four times the Gophers carrietl the liall to within a few yards of isconsins goal, but lacked the final punch to put it oyer, and the first quarter was without score. In the final quarter, the team got down to business and carried the ball straight up the field for a touchdown. Wisconsin responded in this with forward passes galore, one of which worked for thirty yards; but the line held impregnably, and thev could not score, though the crowd was held in anxious tension until the final whistle. The final score was Minnesota 6, Wisconsin 0. The team lined up as follows: L. E., Vaile: L. T.. Enke; L. G., Wallace; C.. Doyle; R. G.. Jordan; R. T., Warnock: R. E., Larkin; Q. B.. Lampi: L. H., Ekberg; R. H., Bierman; F. B., kingsley I capt. I : substitutes: Hanke. Culligan, Schmitz. Pi ' r Team I ictorious The game with the Nayal Supply School on Noyember 24 was at Northrop Field and was one of the most praiseworthy games eyer played by Minnesota. The Municipal Pier aggregation was a collection of ex-Varsity stars, who had played together all season, winning every game without being scored on. In the first quarter Ekberg intercepted a forward pass and ran half the length of the field and secured a touchdown. From here on the game was a long, hard fight. Minnesota held the lead without further scoring until within eight minutes of the close of the game. Here the tremendously superior weight of the Pier team told, and the Minne- sota line gave out from exhaustion, haying played themsehes to a finish. The Nayal team made three touchdowns in quick succession. The final score was 20 to Page 171 iiaia GOPHER ■■■■■i»iw ' wiM ' M ' «i« ' " ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' a ■ a B i f 6. The lineup was as follows: L. E., aile; L. T.. Eiike: L. C. Roos; C, Wallace: K. G., Jordan; R. T.. Warnock; R. E., Larkin; Q. B.. Lampi: L. H., Ekberg; R. H.. Miners: F. B.. Kingslev (capt.l; substitute. Culligan. Chicago Game Easy On the following Saturday the team journeyed to Chicago for the last game of the season on Stagg field. This game was played before a small crowd, and small interest was manifested in the result, as Chicago hat! been defeated in every contest played throughout the season. Chicago took a decided brace for their final efTort, and Minnesota won the game by a single touchdown, which was made in the last quarter by carrying the ball steadily almost the entire length of the field. Score. Minnesota 6. Chicago 0. The men who received the " M " during the season were: Kingsley. (capt.l. Miners. Hultkrans. Lampi, Culligan, Bierman. Vaile, Ekberg, Roos. Enke. Wallace, Doyle, Schmitz, Kleinschmidt. Warnock. Larkin, and Jordan. Henry L. Williams. siaiBiaiBiB 1 9 20 i»i»i«i«i»ibi«i«i«i " i " ' " ' »i« ' ' » ' " ' " ' ' 11SL Page 172 ■ IWI»l«l«l«l«fl«l«IHIMIMIMIBIMIMIMIB|« GOPHER ■■■i«iMiw ' «iiii The lldiisi ' is In the annal;- of Miniie?ula alhlelics tliere are leu names, if any. more illustrious than that of liauser. Captain George Hauser. leader of the foot- i)all team in the fall of 1917; and Captain Louis Hauser, leader of the track team in the spring of lOlo. both enlisted in the Ensign School. Municipal i ' ier. Chicago, before the school year ended. George Hauser was a track as well as a football man, and it was his excellent work alone that made it possible lor Minnesota to win the Wisconsin meet by the narrow margin of one point. Cai)tain Louis Hauser proved to be Minnesota ' s most consistent winner in liie Inler-University meets. LOUIS HAUSEK GEORGE HAUSER Ciiptain-EU ' ct Lnmpi Captain-Elect Ernest Lampi during the past two years has been one of Min- nesota ' s best backfielil men. Possessed of a clear heaiL indomitaiile grit, and an uncanny ability of fighting his wa through the line or a broken field, his leadership promises well for Minne- sota ' s success in the season of 1010. . ' ■ iBiBiaiBiaiaiaiaiBiBiBiaiBiaiaiaiaiaiaia 1 9 20 ■laiHiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiBUBiaiBiwfffl Pate m IBIMffl«l»IWIM GOPHE.R ■l«IWI»IWflMIMIWIW ' «f »l»IWI«flWI»l II Dr. L. Ekling J. Cooke P1.AT0U Couch Captain Results of Season Minnesota 40 Minnesota 50 Minnesota 68 Minnesota 35 Minnesota 38 Minnesota 36 Minnesota 28 Minnesota 36 Minnesota 36 Minnesota 20 Minnesota 26 Minnesota 23 Minnesota 26 Overland Aviation .... 18 Aviation Cubs 7 Stout Training School . . 4 Indiana 13 Wisconsin 11 Illinois 17 Iowa 18 Iowa 22 Purdue 24 Indiana 14 Purdue 21 Wisconsin 12 Illinois 9 Minnesota Minnesota Chicago Northwestern Michigan Illinois Purdue Iowa Indiana . Ohio State Wisconsin Total Points 462 Opponents Conference Standings 190 WON ' LOST PKRCENT 10 10 6 5 5 4 4 3 2 3 1.000 .833 .600 ..556 .417 .364 .364 .333 .2.50 .250 iiMiaiBiBiaiaiBiiiiHiBiB 19 20 ■iMisiaiBiBtaiBiBiBiBiBiBiaiaiBiaiHtaiBiMi Pagf 174 ■1 ■ ■■■■•■•■•■■■■■■■laiaiaiBiHiBiaiaiaiaia COPHEJR ■ia)a»iB Mi B M a) Bi " " i ■ ■ 1 ■ 1 — E " L 4 F E 1 ilkl ■ S ' VSr A! A DR. COOKE KEARNEY HAMMER ENKE MlMILLAN KI.NCSLEY OSS PLATOU LAW LER HIILTKRANS ii The 1918-1919 Basketball Team ■ Miles Lawler Forward Erung Pl. tou (Capt.i Guard James McMillan Forward SiBNEY Hammer Center Fred Enke Guard 1 ' HE exceptional merit of the 1918-1919 Basketball Team is reflected in the fact X lliat practically every All-Conference team picked by experts included the names i j of three Minnesota men: Oss, Kingsley, and Platou. This season was the last for Captain Platou. Kingslev. and Hullkrans. At a meeting of the team early in April, " Mickey " Lawler was elected captain for next year. The prospects for a winning team are excellent. ! 1 ■ iBiaiBiBiaiBiBiBiaiBiaiaiBiBiaiaiBiBiBiBi 1 9 20 ■■•iaiBJaiBiaiaiaiai ' ' " ' B ' " ' " Bia " i l{ Page 175 si«i«i«i«i«fiMi« GOPHER ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■iwiwiwfiwf ■ ' ■ The Conference Champions FOR the third time in the history of basketlinl! in the Western Conference a team has finished the season with a percentage of 1.000. The Minnesota team accomplishing the feat for the first time liiis year was made up of tlie following players: Arnold Oss. right forward; Miles E. Lawler, left forward; Norman W. Kings- lev, center; Joel C. Hultkrans. right guard; Erling S. Platou. left guard, and captain. Substitutes: Jamse S. McMillen. for- ward; Fred Enke. guard; Sidney Hammer, center. Of the 1918 regulars, Kingslev was the only a ailalile man left. Platou. captain-elect, and Lawler substituted on the 1918 team. Oss and Hultkrans were new men. Three preliminary and ten conference games were played. Minnesota ' s average score per game was 36; the opponents ' average was 15. In the first preliminary game, with the Overlanil team. Oss. Kingslev. and Lawler each scored five HeUI goals, and Platou two field goals. In the second preliminary game against the St. Paul Cubs, Oss scored nine field goals, Kingsley six, Lawler five. Platou three, and Hultkrans one. In the third and last preliminary game Kingslev and Oss each scored thirteen field goals. Platou three. Lawler two, and McMillen two. At the close of the preliminary season it was evident that Minnesota had an un- usually high scoring machine. The conference season opened at home on January 11 with Indiana, and was won, 35 to 13. The first half endetl 20 to 3. Kingsley and Oss were the offensive stars of the game, each scoring seven field goals. Hultkrans held his man scoreless. On January 18 Wisconsin was met and defeated in the Armory, by a 38 to 11 score, the worst defeat ever administered to a Wisconsin team. Kingsley, Oss, and Lawler starred from the field, the former getting six goals, and the latter two five goals each, while Captain Platou scored two from the field, and shut out his forward. On January 27 Illinois was the next victim by a score of 36 to 17. Platou starred on offensive in this game, getting seven field goals, while Oss and Kingsley each scored four and Lawler two goals. Hultkrans played a strong defensive game against big " Tug " Wilson, the opposing center. On February 1 Minnesota played their first game away from home, meeting Iowa, at Iowa City, and defeated them. 28 to 18. At the end of the first period Minnesota led. 15 to 3, Iowa failing to score from the field, while Minnesota was collecting seven. Platou was the leading point getter, with four from the field and four from the foul line, or a total of twelve points. Kingsley and Oss each scored three and Lawler two from the field. Hultkrans. Lawler. and Platou held their men scoreless. On February 8 Iowa played a return game, at Minneapolis, and lost, 36 to 22. In this game, during the first half, Minnesota showed her only slump of the season, but were leading, 12 to 8, at the end of the period. Oss scored seven from the field, r ' jj Platou and Kingsley four, and Lawler one. ■ ' ai«iBci«i»iBiai»fi«i«i«lw 19 20 ■l«iHiai«ipi»i ■fiaiwi»i»fi«i«i«iw)«i«i»i ■ flWIMIMflBIBflBIMIWIBIMIBIMIMIBIWia GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■I ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' " ' On February 15 Punlue was defeated in the last home game of the season. i)y a score of 36 to 24. In this game Minnesota made 16 field goals to Purdue ' s 6; but Al Smith, center of the Purdue team, scored 12 of 13 free throws. Platou was again high score man from the field, with five baskets; Oss scored 4, Kingsley 3, Lawler and McMillan 2 eacii. On Thursday, February 20, Minnesota took to the road again for games with Indiana at Bloomington on the 22nd, and Purdue at Lafayette on the 24th. Indiana put up a stifl " opposition, but were defeated, 20 to 14, Minnesota scoring 9 field goals to their opponents " 1. Kiiijislev scoring four from the field. Oss three, and Lawler two. Both Platou and llultkrans held their opponents scoreless. The hardest battle of the season was fought with Purdue at Lafayette. The boilermakers started with a rush, and after the first few minutes of play led by a 6 to 1 score, but they could not keep up the pace, and the half ended 11 to 9 in Minnesota ' s favor. In the second half it was all Minnesota, and only poor luck on easy chances for the basket pre- vented the Gophers from rolling up a larger number of points. Captain Platou made of 11 free throws. The final score stood: Minnesota 26, Purdue 21. Friday evening. February 28. marked the start of the final road trip, for games with isconsin at Madison, on Saturday, March 1, and Illinois at LIrbana, on March 3. Wisconsin put up a desperate battle, but was vanquished, 23 to 12. Kings- ley was high scorer in this game, with six field goals to his credit; Oss and Platou each scored two. and Lawler one. Wisconsin ' s execution of the short pass was excellent, but it could not consistently penetrate the Minnesota defense. The following Monday night Minnesota finished their season brilliantly by de- feating Illinois, 26 to 9. At no time was the result of the game in doubt. In every department of the game the Gophers excelled their opponents. Oss was high scorer, with five from the field; Kingsley and Lawler made three each, and Platou one. Illinois was able to make only one field goal, by Mittleman, sent in as a sub- stitute in the latter part of the first half. Thus closed the season of the greatest team that, to date, has represented the I niversity of Minnesota. Louis J. Cooke. l«l«l»fl»l«l«l«fl«IWI»l»IMI«IWI«l«l " ' »l» 19 20 ■l»ffl«IBI»IWflWI»l» ' " l " IW ' «l«l« ' « ' «l»l Page m :■;■ I GOPHEJ ■l«IMIMflMIMIWIWIMIWIMIMIMIWI«IMIBI«l»T . - • : - r-rti « t 7 a ' rf BIERMAN HOLT H. WILLIAMS FRANK MC NALLY ANDERSON S. WILLIAMS HANFT GOLDBERG SW ANSON SCHROEDER AN0N5EN SKELLCT STEVENS A1N«W0RTH MURFHY PLATOU C. HALSEB L. RAUSER GILLF.N DAVIS MARA FALS LYSEN WONG The 1918 Track Tea m Leonard Frank Coach Louis Hauser Captain Sam Mara George Hauser Erling Platou RUNDV GiLLEN Irl Davis Yan Wong Eugene Lysen Ne l Faus Fra.nk McNallv Milton J. Anderson Henry Williams SiGFRiF.i) Williams Oscar Han ft Ernest Goldberg Stanley Anonsen Oliver Skellet Max Stevens Stuart Ainsworth Alfred Schroeder Harlow Bierman John Holt V i«,. ■ ■■■■laiaiaiBiaiBiBiBiBiBiiiiaiB 1 9 20 ■i«l«i«i»iBiMi»i«iMiwiwi«rMi«i«i«iwi«iHf Page 178 ■ ■■■■IMIBIWIWIBIBIBIBIMIBIBIBIBIHIBIMIB GOPHEIR ■fl«l«IWI«l«IWflWI«l«IMI«IMfl» ' W wr " ' . The 1918 Track Team By Coach Leonard Frank m rf llF. Track Season of 1918 was opened amid unusual conditions. X ery few men remained in school. A few seniors and under- r graduate technical students enlisted in tlie reserve made up the nia- W jority. The big German drive was iiegun and the few fellows out 1 Inr track were expecting their call to ser ice every day. ' H The men (in the team kept up their training because they knew B ihat if called they would be more fit. There was a fine spirit of H team help and pride among them. This esprit de corps helped to H make the season the success it was. H The indoor conference was held at Evanslon on March 2.t, and H Minnesota took fourth place with but five men entered. Louis ■ B Hauser. acting captain, took first in the half-mile run in the excel- P lent time of 2:02. George Hauser took second in the shot put. The team next took a long trip to Beatrice. Nebraska, and defeated the strong Nebraska University team by a score of 75 to 49. Nebraska two weeks later won the Missouri allev Conference Meet by a large score. Nebraska won the short dashes and hurdles, and Minnesota took first and second places in nearly every other event. The Wisconsin meet will go down in the history of track at Minnesota as one of the most desperately contested ever staged between Minnesota and Wisconsin. The fine spirit of the men was the only thing that pulled them out ahead. Wisconsin got off to a good start and kept picking up first and second in each event with alarming regularity. But our boys kept a stiff upper lip and were soon rewarded by Sam Mara ' s unexpected and fine victory in the low hurdle race. Then Frank McNally ran a beautiful race, winning the quarter mile. Louis Hauser won the mile easily. The reports from the field events began to even up the score. Wong took first and Silliams second in the pole vault. Bierman came first and Wong third in the broad jump. George Hauser was first, Schroeder second in the shot put. George Hauser came first. Gillen second, and Platou third in the discus throw. Davis finished first. Schroeder second, and Carroll third in the hammer. Then Wisconsin scored a slam in the javelin and two mile run, which gave them .i slight lead. The half mile run and hand grenade throw were the only events left. Louis Hauser ran a splendid race and won the half mile. Frank McNally staged a sprint that brought the crowd to its feet and took second place by the smallest margin. The decision rested with the hand grenade. Hauser. Williams. Schroeder. and Goldberg composed the team. George Hauser alone made enough points to win, giving Minnesota her first victory in track over Wisconsin since 1011. Ii a score of 75 to 74. Most of the men left for camp- tlie next week and liul e en were taken to the Conference Outdoor Meet. Louis Hauser won the half mile easil in llie fa l lime of one minute 59 l-j seconds. George Hauser took second in the ?hot put and third in the iliscus. Davis took second in hammer throw. The iiand grenade team tied lor third place. This meet closed one of the most successful seasons Minnesota has had in recent years on the track. Page 179 -■IBflMIMIMIBIMIMIHIW GOPHE.R ■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWI ■!■ u ' ■! I Capt g 7 I G.Man :iBiaiaiaiaiaiBLBiaiBiBiHiBiaiB 19 20 ■laiaiBiBiHiBiaiaiaiaiaiBiaiBiBiaiaraiHiHi Page ISO MINOR ATHLETICS l«IMfflMI«l«IM GOPHER ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■[■■■■■■■IWI«IBIWI»IBIB THE school year 1917-191o did not hegin until October 10. which made it too kite to conduct a fall tennis tournament. In the spring, however, an all- university tournament was begun; but, like most tournaments in the past, it was never finished. There were about sixty entries. This does not indicate in the slightest degree the interest in this rapidly growing sport at Minnesota. On every day fit for play, the tennis courts were crowded with players, and others were waiting. One of the needs at Minnesota in the line of recreational sports is more tennis courts. About six men turned out for the Varsity tennis team. In a round robin tourna- ment, Henry Adams and Wilford F. Widen won the places on the team. Dual tournaments were held with Hamline, St. Olaf, and Luther College. All of these teams were defeated without the loss of a match. The team competed in the " Big Ten " tennis tournament at Chicago in Mav. The singles championship was won bv Pike of Chicago, while Adams and Widen of Minnesota won the doubles champion- ship. They defeated the Michigan team 6-4, 2-6, 6-4, 6-3 in the semi-finals, and the Wisconsin team in the finals 6-4, 6-1. 8-10, 7-.5. The team was awarded gold medals by the Conference and " M ' s bv the Minnesota Athletic Board. The prospects for this season are very bright. WILFOKD WIDEN HLM; i ADAM? ■ ■■l«fl«l»l»IMI«IBI» 19 20 ■laiHIBIMIBIBIMiaiBiaiaiBiaiaiBIHIHIBIHIH Page 182 ■ [■IWIWIMmiWflBIMIMfflMIMIBIBflMIM GOPHER ■■■■■H ■ ■■(■■■laiaiHiaiaiMiBiBiB THK ii»leilraleriiil l)a-kell)all chainijion liiij race of 1918 was. perhaps, the most interesting and spirited series of fraternity games that have been played in several vears. The fraternities were placed in four divisions, and a schedule was arranged to decide the championship team in each division. The games plaved in the divisions were without exception hard struggles, and it was only through the most difficuU work that the Dekes, the Phi Kaps, and the teams representing Alpha Tau Omega and Sigma Nu won the first honors in their respective divisions. In the semi-finals the Dekes drew the Sigma Nu ' s and the Phi Kaps the A. T. O. ' s. Tlie Deke Sigma Nu game was played first, resulting in a victory for Sigma u. The Phi Kaps then won out over the A. T. 0. team. The final game aroused much interest. After a hard struggle the Phi Kaps defeated Sigma Nu. winning the l )lo championship. rarBiBiBiBiBiBiaiaiaiaiBisiBiBiBiBiaia{Bia |9 20 ■laiaiaiaiaiaiBiaiaiaiaiwiBiaiaiaiaiaiaiBi Paee 183 GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ii Inter fraternity Hockey W mM BY defeating Alpha Delta Phi in the finals. Delta Tau Delta won the inter- fraternity hockey championship of the University late in February, after a tournament marked by many difficulties. Because of war conditions and the position in which the fraternities found them- selves this year, the tourney did not get started until February, wih four teams en- tered: Delta Tau Delta, Alpha Delta Phi, Chi Psi. and Delta Kajjpa Epsilon. Un- favorable weather caused several postponements. The Alpha Delts beat the Chi Psis 2 to 1 in the first game, and the Delta Taus won from the Dekes 1 to 0. The final game was plaved at the Hippodrome Rink. St. Paul. All the games showed much good hockey, with clever skating and aggressive tactics that did credit to the champions. Led by Jenswold, rover, and Ray Bros, Peterson, and Lapierre, the Delta Taus presented a fast combination. The line-ui) of the final game follows: Alpha Delta Phi Keller . LiND Norton Ueland Rothschild Shearer Gremer . . Goal . . . Point . . Cover Point Center . . Rover . . Right Wing . Left If ' ing . Delta Tau Delta R. Bros Fly IV N Lapierre B. Bros Jenswold Peterson C. Bros MBIBIBIBIBiaiaiB iafi»i«i«fiB I 9 20 ■i«i«i«iMiwi«iMiwiwi»i»i«i»iwi«iHiwi«iBiai Page 184 ■ ■IWIMIWIWI«l«l«IBI«l«fflWIHI«IWI«IMI» COPHE.R ■■■■■l»flWfflWI«fl« ' «l«l«IW ' " ' p Xi m Stvimming THE 1918 Swimming Team was the best team the L Diversity ever had. Coach W. K. Foster selected twentv first class men from the volunteers. These rookies rounded out in fine shape, and in spite of the fact that the team had been slow in organizing, the University gave the St. Paul Y. M. C. A. a big set-back in the first meet of the season. The prospects at the Northwestern meet looked bright after the preliminaries, but IMinnesota was defeated. At the meet the Duluth boat club, Min- neapolis Athletic Club. Shattuck. St. Paul Y. M. C. A., and Minnesota were repre- sented. The 1919 call for swimmers showed that the majority of the old men were back for work. The war conditions, however, while not interfering with University swim- ming activities, wrought such havoc with other local teams that Coach Foster could find no competition. The University would not sanction intercollegiate activity, so that the natural outcome was a disintegration of the team. The men gradually drifted into other organizations, forming competition where before there was none. Swimming is becoming more and more popular in the Northwest. While Min- nesota has not been as active in pushing this sport as in boosting others, she has l;v no means taken a passive part. Swimming activities under wartime conditions have taken the form of exhibitions. Most of the aquatic spectacles have taken place at the Minneapolis Athletic Club, which offers the most favorable opportunities for observation of any of the local pools. ■ iBiBiaiBiaiaiBiaiwaiaii ■laiBtBiB 1 9 20 ■■■■■laiaiwiaia I ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' » ' ' ' ■ ' ' " ' ' ' Pagt las JCIWIMIHiMIMIBIBIBIWIBIB GOPHER ■ ' ■■■ ' ■l " l " l " IWIMIMI«l»ffl«l»IWI»l ■!■! Cross Country MINNESOTA ' S cross country team was made up of but one veteran and five new men: Captain Edwin Swanson. Robert Wilder. Charles Kingman, Ross Lyncii, Kenneth Moon, Martin. After but four weeks ' training the team participated in a three cornered meet between Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Ames. Wisconsin won with a score of 28 points. Minnesota was second with 32 points, and Ames was third with 63 poinst. Minnesota ' s men finished in the following order: Wilder, Moon, Kingman, Lvnch. Swanson, Martin, Wilder ran a pretty race and took second place. His team-mates elected him captain for the next year ' s team, and the prospects are encouraging for a winning team under his leadership. Inter fraternity BoivUng TNTERFRATERNITY bowling had rather a late start at Minnesota during the 1918 season; but once revived, it aroused all the old time interest. Early in February, alleys were secured downtown for the scheduled games. The competing teams were far superior to those of other years, and great interest centered in the outcome. The end of the season found the Theta Delta Chi team the undefeated winners of the champion-iii| . In terfratern ity Baseball BASEBALL as an interfraternitv sport was particularly successful in 1918 despite the fact that enlistments in the army or navy were taking away some of the best players from the teams daily, and that some of the fraternities did not have enough men to make up a team. The final game was played between the Dekes and the Kajjpa Sigs: the former having defeated the Phi Kaps and the latter Tau Kappa E]isil n). The Kappa Sigs won handilv. currying off the chamjiionship. tiMi»iaffi»i»iBfp«i»iwi«i«lB 19 20 ■i«ffi«iBi«i»i«iMi»iwi»i«i«i«i«fi«i«i«i Page 186 MMIMIWIBIWI IMIW GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWI«l«l«l«IWI«fl«l laiaiBiBiMiaiBiaiBiBiB 19 20 ■■■iBiaiaiBiBiBiaiaiaiaiaiaiBiHiHiHiiiiaiar Page las ■ [■[■■■[■■■[■■■[■[■■■[■IMIMIMIBIMIMIMIB GOPHE.R ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■Ti iiHiaiaiaiHiBiBiaiaiBiB Womens Athletic Association THE Women ' s Athletic Association is one of the most active organizations on the campus. It co-operates with the Department of Physical Education for Women in promoting the effort for health, physical efficiency, and athletic accomplishment. The Women ' s Athletic Association regulates all rules controlling sports and manages all tournament games and exhibitions among the women in the University. Membership in the association is necessary in order to be a member of any class team or to enter any tournament. It entitles the holder to the privilege of competing for any emblem or awards the association confers, to the use of any equipment which the association controls and to free admission to all tournament games, a new privilege this year. The highest honor the association offers is the Seal. This is awarded only to Senior women who have achieved the required number of alliletic honors, that are set forth by the Board of Control. Arm bands and the symbols of the different sports are awarded to all members of class teams. This year a new award, that of class collars, was given to all first-team members in basketball. The W. A. A. was among the first of tlie arious organizations on the campus to adopt a French W ar Orphan. ■ iBiaiaiaiBiBiaiaiaiaiHiBiBiBiBiai 9 20 ■iaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiBiaiaiaiaiBiBiaiHiaiaia( Page 189 illBIWIMIMIBIMIBIBIWIMIMIM GOPHEIR ■ I ■!■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■I ■■■■■■■■■■■l»l«l ■!■! ■!■ (%r( DUNN KISSOCK LADD LYMAN CROSS DORGMAN MSSEN PAPER NORRIS GALL HOLTON JACKSON MARTIN W omens Athletic Association Board Officers Alice Gall President Ml RLEN HoLTON Vice President Betty Grimes Treasurer Blanche Martin Secretary Members Dr. J. Anna Norris Ex-Officio Dean Gertrude Becgs Ex-Officio Miss Elizabeth Jackson Facully Representative Sarah Paper Senior Representative Olive Lyman Junior Representative Clara Cross Sophomore Representative Bercliot Nissen Freshman Representative Harriet Dunn H . S. G. A. Representative Sylvia Borgman Home Economics Representative [■[■■■[■i»iwi«iMi«i«i«iBi»i«iB 1 9 20 ■i«iaiaiBiBiBiaiaiBiaiBiaiaiaiBiiiif|iaiaiBi Page too [■■■[■■■■■[■IBIMIBUiiaiMIMiaiMIBIMIB COPHE.R ■■■■■■■■■■■IMIWIWflWIMIWIHIWIWIWII OF " THE EVENSON SULLIVAN FLETCHER GALL CHAPMAN O ' BRIEN Whinners of the Seal 1918 Lucille Saxton Helen Sullivan Blanche Husby Evelyn Andrews 1919 Rt TH EvENSON Dorothy Chapman lOLETTE Fletcher Alice Gall Kathleen O ' Brh.n ■ l«iai»l«IBIMiai«IBI«l«l»IBIBIWI«l«lMIWIB 19 20 ■fl«IWI»IHI«l«l»IMI»IMIWI«IWIBI«flS Pate 191 laiSIHIBIHIHIHIHIKiaiHIB GOPHER ■■■■■IBIBIBlHIBIHlBiaiBlBIHlHiaiHIBIHIBIH L r IH I B ■ W ft H ktU k B V V 1 1 k . B W ' ZL Ea. ft-: B M l J920 Team Champions ANDERSON LYON BOWER LEE WATLAND SCHINDEL (Capt.) CROSS Basketball Seniors Forwards Centers Guards Dorothy Chapman Alice Gall Ruth Evenson Nona Reynaud Eleanor Clifton (Capt.) Kathleen 0 " Brien Juniors Forwards Centers Guards Katherine Schindel (Capt.) Betty Grimes Gertrude Lyon Ella Watland Margaret Cross Harriet Bower Sophomores Forwards Centers Guards Blanche Martin (Capt.) Eugenie Murphy Catherine Rigcs Mabel Prothers Bertha McRae Helen Haines Freshmen Forwards Centers Guards Betty Sullivan Evelyn Nordstrom (Capt.) Marguerite Strange Virginia Mayer Vivian Holmgren Hortense Friedman Results of the Season March 3, 1919 March 10, 1919 Draw between So|)li( nioies- Juniors 24 Juniors 29 Juniors-Seniors Freshmen .... 10 Sophomores .... 15 March 13, 1919 March 4, 1919 March 11, 1919 Sophomores .... 32 Sophomores .... 34 Seniors 67 Seniors 22 Seniors 27 Freshmen .... 22 March 14, 1919 March 6, 1919 March 12, 1919 Juniors 13 Sophomores .... 33 Seniors 43 Sophomores .... 7 Freshmen .... 11 Juniors 18 aiiaiaiBiaiaiBiBiaiaiBiatBii 19 20 ■laiwiwiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaraiaiaiaiaiwiaiaiaia Page 192 IBIMI«I»I«IHIMIMIHI«IBIMIMI«|BIMIMIBIMIB COPHE.R ■■■■■■■I IWIWIWIWIWfl ■!■ 1 - KAP1 ' K I ' 1 A t.AMMA TEAM I NEKS HASEBAIL I.HAMl ' lONsHIl ' Fiild Day 0 May 2.S the W. A. A. held their annual field meet on the Ri er Flats. The Inst event on the program was a baseball game to decide the house champion- ship. The Kap|ia Kappa Gamma defeated East Sanford bv a score of 1. ' ] to o. A cricket game was played between two teams from Miss Ladd ' s game class. This was followed by a field hockey game in which the intermediate lost to the advanced class. After the awarding of seals and trophies by Dr. J. Anna Norris. the masque, " A Pageant of the Open Fields, " ' was presented. Snotishocing Given a genuine winter dav. with the Minnesota varietv of crisp air and deep snow — add a crowd of congenial girls who like the big out-of-doors, and give them shoes enough to go around. There you have all the necessi- ties for a rare good time. Many are the girls who have been enjoying the s|)ort this winter, and have been mak- ing good use of the nine pairs of snowshoes placed at their disposal by the department of physical education. Those who have enjoyed these tramps anticipate great develo|)nient in the future popularity of snowshoeing as a winter sport. ■ i»i»i»i«i«i«i«i«i«i«i«i»iB i»i«iai«i«i«iB 1 9 20 ■laiaiBiaiBiaiaiajMiaiaiaiaiBisiBiBiaiHiHi Page 193 F iiMiaiaiBiHiHiwiMiMiMiMiwiwiw GOPHELR ■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■i Si ' r Sivimming m Swiiiiniing lia now become one ol the most popular forms of athletics among the f women students. The requirements of the I niversitv make a certain proficiency com- pulsory; and additional interest in the sport has been encouraged with exceedingly satis- factory results. The Aquatic League has been organized to centralize interest in swimming. To enter the league one must fulfill three requirements: swim one quarter of a mile; perform three standard swimming strokes and two standard I dives, eighty per cent perfect; and demon- stare proper methods of life saving and re- suscitation. A silver loving cup has been awarded to go to the girl who shows the best improvement and atlenilance record durinu I he year. The league is a branch of the omen ' s Athletic Association. It has stimulated liie interest especially ])v exhibitions. The league presents one program of evenls each quarter. The first quarter Perry Mc Gillvray, Robert Wallen, and William A. Heyn. three world champion swimmers, were guests of the league, and gave an exhibition for the L niversity girls. The Aquatic League in the second quarter taged a program for the benefit of the fatherless children of France. The third (juarter exhibition was the annual contest. Betty Grimes is president of the league. WINNERS— 1918 EXHIBITION aiaiaiBiaiBiaiBiaiBiBiBiBiB 1 9 20 ■■■l«i«i«iai»i»lW ' " i» ' " ' " ' « ' ' " ' " ' " ' i i " ' Page 114 ■ ■■■■■■■■■■iBiwfiwiBiwiMiwiBiMiwiwiwiw COPH E.R ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ' ' ' ' ' ' Ice Hockey BECAUSE of unfavorable weather, the annual conte t for the Cup was not played this year. T v years ago the Cup was won by the class of 1919. and last year the class of 1920 was victorious. The following class teams, organized during the past winter, however, participated in aTi informal schedule: Elizabeth Lacaahd Esther Larsen Mabel Eu vahi) GeRTRL DE W ELLI CH Magdalene Hi ( h th ■ Elizabeth Hoy Nora Anderson Incebobi. Si Nil Margaret Lee Gl NDBOBG Sl ' N ' D Margaret Strange Agnes Haedecke Seniors .S R H Paper .liiniors Marion Ikuin Sophomores Philomkna Alway Freshiiien Gladis McHuch Mary Treacy Kathleen O ' Brien Bertha Fineman Clarice Kraet Birdie Brill l.ICE Rochfori) Florence Shapiro .4nne Haedecke Alberta Chandler LoLlSE FlNEMAN Olga Willberg Betty Sullivan Leonore Alway « , ll«l«l»l«l«IMfl»l»IWI " ' »l " ' " l " ' " ' " ' " ' " 19 ZO ■l«l«IBIMIBI«l»l«IW ' ii ' " l " ' «IWI " ' " ' " ' l« " Pate 19S ■ IMIMIBIMIWIBC GOPHER ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■lOIWIWIWIMIWIWIWIBIMflBIM aiBi«i«i«i»i»iBi» 1 9 20 ■laiaiBiBiBiBiBiaiHiaiBiaiaiBiaiBiaiHiaiBi Paie llf, ' " ' " ' " ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■fl«l«l«IWI«l«l»mi»l«IMI» COPHE.R ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWIWCIWIBIMIMIMIW ■ l«iai»iaiBI»l«l«IBIWI»l»IBI«l«l«l»l»fH 1 9 20 ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■IBIBIBIBtaiBIB! ■ ' ■■■tBIBIBIHIKIMIBI Pnje 197 l»IBlBIMIMIWIWIBI«IMIMMil«IBIWI«IMI«IWIM GOPHEJ ■■■■■IMflWflWIMIWIWIMIWIBIMIBIMIMI ■!■! Minnesota at War npHE state has risen to arms at the call of iiar. Its sym- bol is the sivord : its ideals are justice and righteousness. In the foreground of the painting there is a suggestion of the moccasin flower, and the mag- nificent dome of the state capi- tol typifies the strength and poiver of the commonwealth. Minnesota stands behind her men going forth to battle. m [ ■[■[■■■iBiMi«i«iaiw i «i»fi«i«i«i«i«i»iw 19 20 ■fiwi«iBiai«iBi«iwiwi»i»f wi«iBiwi« ' «i»i Paee lis MINNESOTA AT WAR MILITARY ■ [ ■IOIWI»l«flMIB| ia,B|M|M|MIB,B„,B„,, GOPHE R ■ ' ■ ' ■l " l ■■■■■■■I WIWI ■ t ■ ■■■■■■IWIWI ■!■ II " ; m MINNESOTA ' S liar record cmbrdci ' s activities thrtiiighoiit the norld. To catalog the deeds of stitd nts. alumni, faculty, and the L niversity, as an institution, icould involve a virtual reproduction, on a smaller scale, of all that the entire nation has accomplished. It is impossible, naturally, to record the individual deeds of the gnat majorit y of Minnesota men and ivomi ' u: still, the war is long enough an event of the past to permit a fairly sui ' eping perspective of the accomplishments of the I niviTsity of Minnesota. Summed up. briefly, these are: 1. More than 7.500 students, alumni, and fac- ulty members served with the land, nai ' al, and air forces of the United States and the Allied nations. 2. The I niversity furnished a well equipped base hospital, ichich did noteworthy service in France for more than a year. 3. Alumni and students ucre active in both the I iiited States and France as ofjicials of the Red Cross, y. M. C. A., y. W . C. a., and kindred organizations. 4. The members of the I niversity gave unspar- ingly of their time and money in the aid of war relief, government loans, and food administra- tion work. Through the IT omen ' s Self-Govern- nwnt Association, the ivomi ' ti students rendered an espeii(dly valuable service. 5. Leaves of absence were granted 125 faculty members ic io served as soldiers and civilians in most important capacities. At home, re- search work in practically all dejyartments was turned to war problems. 6. Throughout the .wmmer the University made its facilities available for training more than 2.600 drafted men as mechanics. Finally, the entire I niversity became a virtual canton- ment. Its entire resources ivere placed at the disposal of the largest S. A. T. C. unit in the country. ■ [■[■[■IMIBIB 19 20 ■l«l«IBIBIBJBIB|BIBIBI»IMiaiBlBlBIMlMlBlM|B| Paee 200 ■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■•■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IB COPHE.R ■fi«i»i " iwi« ' wiw ' « ' " ' " i " ' " ' ' " ' " i " i " ' " University of Minnesota Honor Roll THE following table is based on all possible infoimalion gath- ered by April 1. 1919. The figures include students, alumni, and faculty. The total of 7,500 men in the service is the only approximation and includes 3.500 members of the Student Army Training Corps. Few of the figures will be augmented to any ap- preciable extent by additional news, it is now believed: and the table is virtually complete. Names on the University Service Roll . 7,500 Faculty 125 Navy 271 Marines 204 In the British Service 30 In the French Army 2 In the Russian Army 1 University People with Base Hospital No. 26 95 Norton-Harjes Ambulance Corps .... 29 Decorated 32 Men and Women Encaged in Non-Military Overseas Service 87 Died in the Service ....... til Wounded or Gassed 50 • Prisoners 3 l«l«IBI«IBl»l»l»l«l«l»IMlM ' » ' " l»l " ' »l " f 1 9 20 ■l«fl«fl»l«l«l«l»l»l " ' » ■■■ ' ■l«l " l«l«l " Pate m ■ [■[■[■[■■■[■■■IMIBIMIMIMIMIMIBIBIMIMIMf GOPHEJ ■! ■flWflMIMIWI ■IWI» WIBIWI«I«IMIBI ■!■! T llh mil () Mintn ' sotn students, aliintni. unci faculty, nho died in the seri ' ice, - - now numbers eighty-one. Fifty more have been uound ' d and gassed. The list is virtually complete. It has been the privilege of the 1920 Gopher to seek out. and. in the folloicing pages, to present the details of their heroism. Brigadier-General Edward Sigerfoos hen ihe United States entered the war. Briga- dier-General Edward Sigerfoos. then a colonel, was recalled from China and sent to Camp Upton, and later to France, where he was placed in charge of a group of army schools, a highly important posi- tion. In this and other capacities he was occupied in France until early in October. 1918. when he was wounded while on active duty on the western front. He died thirteen davs later in an American hospital. Shortly before his death he had been promoted, and had also received a citation. In 1905 Sigerfoos, then a captain, was detailed to serve as commandant of the cadet corps at the L niversity of Minnesota. He continued in this capacitv for the three following vears. and during that jieriod found time to complete the regular and post graduate courses in the College of Law. He received the degree of LL.B in 1908 and that of LL.M in 1909. While at Ohio State he recei ed his A.B degree and had been elected to Phi Beta Kappa. Brigadier-General Sigerfoos was a brother of C. P. Sigerfoos. professor of biology at Minnesota. Lieutenant-Colonel Frank C. Todd Lieutenant-Colonel Frank C. Todd, Dentistry 1891. Medicine 1982. was commissioned in the Med- ical Reserve Corps as captain June 28. 1917. He was promoted to the grade of major. L nited States Reserve, September 17, 1917. and to lieutenant- colonel. United States National Army, May 14, 1918. Lieutenant-Colonel Todd first served in the med- ical examination of aviators at the University. From here he was transferred, September, 1917. to Camp Dodge. Iowa, where he served as head of the de- partment of the base hospital, where he remained until his death July 4. 1918. This hospital under his management was the model upon which many other army hospitals were copied. Lieutenant-Colonel Todd was to have sailed for France with the 88th Division. JliaiaiaiBIBIBIBIB 1 9 20 ■ffflBIPI«l»fl»l»l»IMIBIWI«IBIMI«l«l«l ■ IBIBflMIBlMIWflMIHIHIBIMIBIMIHIMflM COPHELR ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■I ■ (■■■IBiaiBiaiBI Corporal Maurice E. Mastcrson Corporal Maurice E. Masterson. Acadeinii- I ' Jl ' J. fell in action just eleven clays before the armistice was signed, after having been in the service for more than a year. Onlv a few weeks previously he had been decorated for conspicuous bravery in volunteering witli a comrade to re-establish communication during a Ijallle. Sucli action involved his being exposed to terrific shell fire. It is reported that the result was the wiping out of an entire German battalion. Masterson enlisted in Battery F of the First Miime- sota Infantrv. later merged into the Rainbow Division, which went into action in February. 191o. At the time of his enlistment Masterson was managing editor of the Gopher and |iriiiiiiiipnl in other school activities. Lit ' iiti ' iwnt n alter A. Jones Lieutenant Walter A. Jones, one of the most active members of the present senior class in the Academic College, met death November 10. 1917. at Fort Worth. Texas, as a result of losing control of his machine while at an altilutle of over oOJ feet. He was killed instantly as the plane struck the ground. Jones left school to enter the First Officers " Training Camp at Fort Snelling, Minnesota, early in May. In Julv he was transferred to the Aviation Corps, enter- ing the First Roval Canadian Flying Squad at Toronto and later being sent to Camp Taliaferro at Fort Worth, Texas. It is believed that Lieutenant Jones was the first Universitv of Minnesota man to meet death in the service. Lieutenant Oscar M. Klingen Lieutenant Oscar M. Klingen, Medical College 1916. died of influenza in France October 17, 191i). Lieutenant Klingen was with Base Hospital I nit 26. which left the I niversity in December. 1917. Lieu- tenant Klingen was formerlv a member of the stall at tlie I ni ersity Hospital. Lieutenant Klingen and Miss Lvdia W liite ide. a nurse, are the onlv members of the Base IIo.-])ital who died in France. »-N fi«i»fi»iBiMi«iBi»ci»i»iBi»i«iBi»iai»rw 19 20 ■i«i«i«i«ipi»iwiwi«i»f ' » ' «iwi»i«f ' «i»i»i Page 203 .[■[■[■iMi«fi«iwiwi« GOPHER Hi) Robvrt Piirc Hall Robert Pierce Hall. 21, Academic 1920. joined the Norton-Harjes Ambulance Corps which sailed for France May 20. 1917. He was stationed in the Verdun region. With him were Beryl Sylvester. Charles McKinsey, and Abediah Eanies. all former Lniversitv of Minnesota men. On September 12. 1917. Hall and Sylvester took their am- bulance on dut near the front line in the Avacoint Wood. Shortly afterward their position was shelled by the enemy. Hall was killed inslantlv. and Sylvester was severely wounded. Both were awarded the Croix de Guerre. Hall ' s citation follows: " " Hall, R. P. — American Ambulance driver of Hospital Service Unit 62. MIe 2969: Very brave and devoted, killed while on ilutv. September 12. 1917. " Lieutenant Maurice O. Kitnberg Dr. Maurice 0. Runberg, Dentistry 1914. left Min- neapolis July 26. 1918, for Camp Wadsworth, South Carolina. He was ordered to France soon thereafter. He was wounded the latter part of September. An at- tack of pneumonia hastened his death, which occurreil October 7. Dr. Runberg was commissioned as a first lieutenant. Seifieant Stephen G. Sherman Sergeant Stephen G. Sherman. 23, Agriculture 1919, entered the service April 10, 1917, in the United States Marine Corps. He was first stationed at Mare Island. California, and later at Quantico. Virginia. From the latter place he was sent overseas, arriving there for duty .August 25. He was sent to the front with the 20th Company. Fifth Regiment. On June 6. 1918. he was killed in action at Belleau Wood. His bravery resulted in his being cited and awarded the Distinguished Ser- vice Cross by General Pershing. ■ iBiaiaiBiBiarBial920 Puee 2114 ■ ■■■■[■■■[■[■[■flBIHIHIBIMIHIBIMIBIMIB GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■l«l«WI»IMIWI«l« 1P (.01 jioi III Stiinlry Slriinis Corporal Slanlev Stearns. 2Uth (ionipany. Fifth Regiment. I niled States Marines, was killed in action at Vierzv. France. Julv 1 ' . 1918. Stearns entered the Lni ersitv of Minne ola in the fall of 1915. He en- listed April 1 1. 1917, and was sent to Paris Island. He reached France August 21 with one oi the first American detachments. He was pronidtcil to the grade of corporal April 1.5. 191o. Cadet Beryl G. Sylvi ' strr Bervl G. Sylvester, 27, Academic 1917. was killed in a seaplane collision at Pensacola. Forida. June 19, 1918. after having been woundeil in France, where he received the Croix de Guerre. Sylvester left for Trance earlv in April, 1917, with the Norton-Harjes Ambulance ( " orps. He served as ambulance ilriver until wounded ill action September 12, 1917. At this time he was re- turned home to recover from his injuries. He later enlisted at the Dunwoody Institute in Minneapolis, was sent to the Boston School of Technologv. and then to the naval aviation station at Pensacola. His death re- sulted from a collision with another machine while at an altitude of nearlv 1,000 feet. Lieutriiiint Alexander A. Syme Alexander Anderson Syme, 21, Academic 1921, en- tered the Lniversitv of Minnesota in the fall of 1917 after having previously attended the Army and Navy School at Washington. D. C. He enlisteti in the Royal Flying Corps at Toronto. Canada, February. 1918. He was sent to London. Canada, where he received intensive training in jireparation for overseas duty until the last of March, when he was taken sick. He died April 3, 191. " ,. iBi»i»iai«iBi« ' «i«i«i»i»i»i«i«i»i»i»i«i«i» 19 20 ■l«iBiwi«i«i«i»l»i«i« ' »i»i«ili«i«fi«i»i»i Pate 20s ?fr- ■ id GOPHER ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■iMiiw ' wi«iwiwiMi« ' wi " i " i " T Lieutenant E. P. Alexander Lieulenant E. Porter Alexander. 28. Academic " 10, enlisted June, 1917. He was stationed successively at Fort Snelling, Fort Leavenworth, and Fort Travers. He was sent to France in February, 1918. He died of in- fluenza at St. Nazaire, France, September 5. 1918. Lieutenant E. T. Bell Lieutenant Ernest T. Bell paid the supreme sac- rifice after having been wounded three times while fighting in the Argonne Forest. He first entered the service at Fort Snelling, Minnesota, where he attended the First Officers ' Training Camp. Here he was commissioned second lieutenant and as- signed to the 167th U. S. Infantry of the 42n(l Rainbow Division. He sailed for France in Octo- ber, 1917. His bravery in action resulted in his being promoted to the rank of first lieutenant August 31, 1918. Lieutenant Bell was a member of the 1916 class. College of Forestry. He was 24 vears old. Lieutenant L. L. Brennaii Lieutenant Lester Luke Brennan was a member of the Royal Living Corps. He enlistetl July 19, 1917, in New York, and was at once ordered to Canada, where he was commissioned after he had completed the required 50 hours of solo flying. He sailed for Liverpool. England, in Decemlier, and ihe same month reported to Squadron 99 at Salis- liurv. Here he continued his training until ready for service in France. On February 24. 1918. while at a height of 6,000 feet, his machine went completely to pieces. He was buried with full mili- tary honors at London Road Cemetery, Salisbury, England. Lieutenant Brennan was a student in the Academic College in 1911 and 1912. iBtaiaiBiBiBiBiaiBiBiBiBiM 19 20 ■laraiBiaiBiBiaiaiBiaiBiBraiMiBiaiHiaiBiMi Page 206 ■ [■I»IMI«IWIWI«I«IHIMIMIMIMIHIMI«IWIWIW GOPHER ■l»flWIWIWI«WI« ' W ' W ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■I l.ifiitcnanl J. . ihmnhui ' Lieuleiiaiil John ealis DdiKiluic. Academic 11 and Law K). died from wounds received in action. He was a St. Paul attorney when lie entered the first train- ing cam|) at Fort Snelling and was commissioned. He volunteered for immediate overseas service and sailed with the Rainbow Division in October, 1917. From Februarv 23 to June 22, IQlil, he was in the trenches. After three weeks Lieutenant Donohue was changed to the 2. ' :)rd Infantry, which was organizing as the first American Army for the St. Mihiel drive. His compans took an active part in the fight. The three officers of the company were wounded by a single explosive shell on September 16. and Lieutenant Donohue died October Lieutenant A. H. Cuylinil Lieutenant A. Russell Gaylord. Academic ' L5, met instantaneous death at the Battle of Cantigny. April 28, 1918, as the result of a bursting shell. In the performance of his duties as battalion gas officer he was e |)osed to constant danger. A letter I rem Lieu- Ifiiaiil-Cloloiiel B. W. Jones, Second Ann . A. E. F.. (■(iiilains the following statement: " i can at least tell you that Lieutenant (Ja lord uas one of the pioneers in this field and that he per- formed a very valuable work, saving the lives of many of our troops and preventing many more from being evacuated as casualties and thus lost to the army. " Lieutenant Gaylord was commissioned at the First Officers ' Training Camp at Fort Snelling. Alinnesota. Here he was one of the first three lieutenants chosen from each company to be sent to France as observers. Sergeant M. G. Giesc Sergeant Milton G. Giese, 27, College of Pharmacy ' 14. enlisted in the Medical Corps April 10, 1918. He was first sent to the Post Hospital, Fort Sheridan. Hlinois. Here he assisted in giving the vaccine for t phoid fever and the vac- cinations for smallpox. He also helped in all first aid work. In Ma he was promoted to the grade of sergeant and a few weeks later was transferred to a training detachment at ( hicago. where he |)erlormed duties similar to those at Fort Sheridan. On Septendier 23, while at this post, he was taken ill with Spanish induenza. which developed into pneumonia. He died September . ' ?(). ■ ■I»IBI»IMI»I»I»I»«I»IMI»I»I« ' " ' " ' " ' " ' " ' » 19 20 ■fl«l«l«IWI»l»IWIWIWI» ' " l IWI« ' M ' »l«l«l Page 207 3I«I«I«I«IMIMI«I«IMIBIMIBIMI« GOPHE.R ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■I ■! ■ ■■■■IMIMIWI ■!■ Candichitc Eltiiig W . Houjihtcding Elting S . Houghtaling. 26. Electrical Engineering ' 16, en- listed April 29. 1918. He was transferred to the Officers ' Training Camp at Fort Snelling. May 6, 1918. where he died two months later, shortly before he was to haye been com- missioned. Private George B. Sellars George B. Sellars. 27. Law student, withdrew from the Uni- yersity in April. 1917, to enlist in the L nited States Marine Corjis. He was stationed successiyely at Mare Island. California; Port Royal. California: and Quantico, irginia. He was among the first of the American troops to reach France and took part in the driye at Chateau-Thierry, where he suffered ■ounds which re- sulted in his death, June 7, 1918. Candidate John J. I iet John J. iets, 29, .Agriculture 15. enlisted in the artillery in the spring of 1918. Shortly after his enlistment he was called to the Field Artillery Officers ' Training School at Camp Zachary Taylor. Kentucky, where he was enrolled as an officer candidate. Here he showed exceptional ability, and unusual duties were assigned him by his instructors. A few weeks before he was to receiye his commission he contracted influ- enza and died October 20. 1918. ilBIBIBIBIBIBiaiBia 19 20 ■laiaiaiaiBIBIBIBIBIMIBIBIBiaiBIBIBIBIHiat Page 208 ■ ■■■■■■[■■■[■IBIMIHIWWIBIMIHIMIBIMIHIB GOPHE.R ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■flMI ■■■■■l«l«l» ' 1 ' ■ ' ■ ' Lieutenant O. L. Winter Lieutenant Otto I.. X inter. 31. Medicine " 16. was commissioned in July, 1917. and sent to Harvard Uni- versity for training in orthopedic work. From here he was successively stationed at Fort Riley, Camp Funslon. Camp Gordon, and finally at Fort Snelling. He liad been especially proficient as a physician, and with his additional instruction in orthopedic surger he became an exceedingly valuable man in the service. He served as orthopedic surgeon in reconstruction work. On January 2. 1919. while on a four days ' leave of absence to his home at River Falls. Lieutenant Win- ter died of pneumonia, following an attack of influ- enza. Cadet Leslie W. Parker Failure to be accepted in two different branches of the service did not keep Leslie W. Parker. College of Engineer- ing ' 20. from realizing a desire to serve his country. He withdrew from the University in April, 1917, to enter the service, but did not succeed until the following year, when he was accepted at the United States Auxiliary Naval Re- serve at Chicago, Hlinois. Here he was in training for a commission as ensign. He had completed the first two stages of his course with honors when he succumbed to an attack of influenza followed by pneumonia, and died Novem- ber 29. 19in. Lieutenant Conrad C Johnson Lieutenant Conrad G. Johnson, Engineering ' 18, was killed in action on the western front October 23, 1918. He won his commission in the aviation corps. While in the L niversitv he won recognition as one of the best officers of the R. O.T. C. unit. ■ iBjBiBiBiBiaiaiBiaiaiaiaiBiBiaiaiaiaiai 19 20 ■■■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ibiwi ' Page 209 JilMIMIBIMiMIMIMIMIWIMIWIMIWIW GOPHE.R ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■! Cadet Garret T. Mandeville Cadet Garret T. Mandeville. Engineering 1918. en- teretl the service at Dunwoody Institute in Minneapolis, where he completed a course in ground work. From here he was sent with a unit for Boston, where he re- ceived further training at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Later he was sent to Miami. Florida, and still later to Pensacola. While returning from a practice flight he encountered a heavv downpour of rain. Mandeville, who was acting as pilot, was blinded for the moment. The plane struck water in a nosedive, wrecking the machine and killing Mande- ville and the three cadets who were with him. Lii ' iiti ' tianl Richard (J. Moody The thrilling career of Lieutenant Richard Willard Moody, College of Agriculture 1919, was brought to a tragic end while he was in combat with two enemv planes. At the time he was engaged in bombarding the battlefield. He was singled out bv two Hun ma- chines, one of which he succeeded in bringing down. He was severelv wounded and died the following morn- ing in a French hospital. Lieutenant Moody enlisted in the air service in August. 1917, and was ordered to report at the officers ' (raining camp at Atlanta, Georgia. He left for France December. 1917, where he completed his training anti received his commission. He was one of the few out of seven hundred graduates who volunteered for observation and bombing work with the French. Lieutenant Moody was cited for braverv and awardeil the Croix de Guerre, which was accompanied by a palm and document signed bv General Retain. He also received the citation A L ' Ordre de L ' Irinee from General Retain. Ensign Alan L. i icfiols Alan L. Nichols. 24. College of Engineering 1917, enlisted in April. l ' 17. at Pensacola, Florida, in the naval service. Here he received his commission as ensign January, 1918. antl was assigned to the Naval Aviation Corps. He left for France the following March and was later assigned for aviation work near Milan, Italv. On August 17. 1918. while on a bomb- ing expedition, motor trouble developed, and in at- tempting to make a lantling Nichols, another ensign and a mechanic ' s mate were killed. !£ If iBiBiaiaiBiBia iBiaPMiBiBiBi 1 9 20 ■fl«i«i»i«i»i»iwi " i» ' " i " ' «iM ' ' M ' M ' i»i Page 210 ■ ■■[■■■[■■■■■IMI«l«IWflMIMIWI«IHIWIWI» COPHELR ■l«l«l»IWI«l«IWIW« ' « ' W ' » ' »l " ' « ' » ' " ' « ' " ' Lieutenant ( ' .harlcs S. Johnson Lieulenant ( " liarles S. Johnson. Academic 1920. did not wait until the United Stales entered the war. but enlisted in the Royal Flying Corps early in 1917. On finishing his training he was commissioned second lieutenant. In Xovendier he was sent to England, reach- ing London December . In England he trained at various fields and during the last of April, 1918, was promoted to first lieutenant and sent to France. Dur- ing the following summer he was a pilot of a bombing machine anil did patrol duty along the Rhine. On August 13, while on one of these bombing expeditions, he was shot down, his machine landing near Plogstreet. Belgium. Lieutenant Mark Hamilton Lieutenant Mark Hamilton. Academic 1919, former Milnle ota track star, died near Nieujiort. France, as a rt ' -iih of injuries sustained when his machine crashed to llie earlii from a triple nose dive. Hamilton enlisted at the First Officers ' Training Camp at Fori Snelling. Minnesota. May 2, 1917. From here he was transferred to Columbus, Ohio, for ground school work in the aviation corps. Successive transfers took him to New York; Quebec, Canada; Issondun, France; Foggis, Milan, and Rome. Italv. He received his commission as rir t lieutenant on May 16 while at Tours. France. Lieu- tenant Hamilton was on duty on practically every front, and was with the first of the American troops to be sent to Italv. Lieutenant Andrew P. Peterson Lieutenant Andrew P. Peterson, 31, Chemistry 1911. enlisted at the First Officers ' Training Camp at Fort Sheridan, Illinois, May 15, 1917. He was commis- sioned as second lieutenant after three months of train- ing. He was ordered to France Se|)tember 8, 1917. where he received additional training for a period ol three months before being sent to the front. Lieu- tenant Peterson saw three months ' actual service at the front before he suffered a severe wound at Cantigny Iav 2L 1918. He died at American Hospital No. 1. July 6, 1918. ■ l«l«l»l»l«IMI»l»l«fl«l " f«IW ' « ' MI " l " ' " 19 20 ■fr«l«IMIWIBIWI«l»IWI«l»l»IWI«l«l«f ' « ' « ' Page VI ■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■■■I«I«I«IMIBI»I« GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■l " fl»IWIWI«IMIWIWIMflMI»l«l« Lieutenant Lee C. Giddings Plunging oUO feet through the air in a deadly lail spin. Lieutenant Lee C. Giddings, Academic ' ](). was instanllv killed when he lost control of hi-. air|ilane at Scott Field. Belhille, Illinois. Lieutenant Giddings secured an appointment to the First Officers ' Training Camp at Fort Snelling, uiiere he signified his desire to enter the aviation corps. As a result he was transferred to Austin, Texas, where he completed his work in the ground school. Later he was transferred to San Antonio, where he qualifietl as a pilot and was sent to Scott Field as an instructor. He was awaiting orders for overseas dutv at the time of his death. Hoivard F. Gilbert Howard F. Gilbert, member of the 1919 Class. College of Science, Literature, and Arts, enlisted in the Marine Corps May 28, 1918. He was sent to Paris Island, S. C; then to Quantico, Virginia; and on August 10 set sail for France. Llpon his arrival he was immediately sent to the front as a member of Company 79. Sixth Regiment. On September 12 he went over the top with his com- pany in the St. Mihiel drive. He was wounded Septem- ber 1.5. and died two weeks later in a hospital. Lii ' iitcnant George R. Glottfelter Lieutenant George R. Glotfelter, 24, College of Agriculture " 17. enlisted in the artillery January .5, 1918. at Camp Custer. He was sent to France in May, and received his commission as second lieu- tenant June 1. He was stationed at the Saumier Artillerv School until September, when he was sent to join the 130th Field Artillery at the front. He was wounded at arenner on October 2. and died two days later in a hospital. isniiaiBiBiBiBiBiaiaiaiBta 19 20 ■laiHiaiBiBiBiBiaiBiaiBiaiaiaiBtHiHtaiaiBi Page 212 ■ [■[■[■[■■■[■[■[■[■[■[■IMIMIMIBIMIMIMIB GOPHEJ ■ffflWIMIWIWIWIWIHIBIWIHIMIWIWIMIMIB Private Saniiiol Collins Samuel Collins. Dentistry " 20, enlisted in the S. A. T. C. at the University of Minnesota in the fall of 1918. Wliile with this unit he contracted influenza which de- el()ped into pneumonia. He died at the Base Hospital at Fort Snellinfj. Lieiitinani II. I). (.Iiamberlain Lieutenant Herbert Chamberlain, College of En- gineering ' 16, met deatli July 26, 1918, at Camp Lee. irginia. while attempting to save a comrade from drowning. He was one of the two students chosen from the entire College of Engineering to attend the Engineer Officers ' Training Camp. A quotation from a letter of one of his class mates on hearing of his death e ])resses very well the esteem in which he was held by the students and faculty who knew him. " I lound liim a true, dependable, and understanding friend. I remember Herb, his easy tact and ready hel] fulness to all. But there is one consolation — he went West even as we all would wish, while playing the game with a white record to leave behind. " Lieutenant Edicard B. Cutter Lieutenant Edward B. Cutter. 31. Law- School " 11, an aviator with the 19th Areo Squadron, was killed in action October 21. 1918. His death came as a re- sult of his volunteering to penetrate the enemy lines to ascertain whether the enemy was preparing a coun- ter attack. Unfavorable weather conditions forced him to fly at a low altitude, and he was thus exposed to heavy fire of the enemy. While over the enemy ' s lines the plane was struck by a shell. Both he and his ob- server were killed as thev crashed to the earth. He was cited for bravery and awarded the Distinguished Ser- vise Cross. ■ I»IMI«I»IBIMI»IMI»IWI»I»I»I»I«I»IMI«IBIB 19 20 ■lMIBIWIBIBIWI«IWIMIHI«l»l«IBI«IMI«l«flBI Page 213 ■ IWmiBIMiaiMIWIBiamiMWIBIWIBIMIMIMflM GOPHEIR ■ ' ■I II ■ ■■■■■■■■■■I IIMII Lii ' iitcnrinl John P. Rost ' nudld Lieutenant John P. Rosenwakl. Medicine ' 09, was killed in action May 6, 1918. He was a member of the 151st Field Artillery. Rainbow Division, and fought with tliis organization in all of its drives up to the time of ills death. He was cited for bravery and awarded both the Distinguished Service Cross and the Croix de Guerre. Lieutenant Rosenwald will be remembered as one of the greatest football players Minnesota has ever seen. He was a member of the team that administered a crush- ing defeat to the famous Carlisle Indians of 1908. Lieutenant Francis C. Brooberg Lieutenant Francis C. Brooberg. 24. Chemistry ' 16. entered the First Officers ' Training Camp at Fort Snelling. Minnesota. He was assigned to the 16th United States Infantry, which reached France in August. 1917. Here, after several months of active service in the front line trenches, he was made bri- gade munitions officer. This duty he performed so well that he was selected to go to the British front to study their system of supplying ammunition to the front lines. Before he could perform this mis- sion, however, he contracted a severe case of pneu- monia and died April 7, 1918. Lieutenant Samuel Lee Avis Lieutenant Samuel Lee Avis. College of Engineering ' 12, was commissioned in the E. 0. R. C. August 1, 1917. He was called into active service January .5. 1918. at Camp Lee, Virginia. From there he was called to duty in Washington, D. C. Following several months ' service at Washington, he served with construction divisions at Baltimore and at Staten Island, New York City. He last served as company commander and transportation officer in the casual detach- ment of the Service Battalion at Camp A. A. Humphreys. While there he was taken ill with influenza and died Octo- ber 12. 1918. iaiaiaiNt uijaiaiBiBiBi iB 1 9 20 ■i«fi«iMiami i iMiwi " ' " i«iW ' i«f ' ' ' « ' Page 214 flWIBIMIMIHIWIBIBIWIBWIBIMIBIMIMIBIMia GOPHE.R ■■■■■IWI " ' " IWIWI«IWIWIWIWIWI«I«I«I " I ■ ' ■ J ' riviitt ' Ci ' iir f I ' diiiiskd After volunteering with two other comrades to act as liaison runner. George J. Punuska. 2k College ol Cheniistrv " 19. was killed by a siiell near Fismes. France. Julv oO. 191!!. Panuska enlisted in the First Gas Regiment. . ' Sdlh Engineers. November 6. 1917. At a later date he was sent to France, where, after several weeks " training, he saw active service until the time of his death. LiciitcnanI If illiatii C. Hass Lieutenant William Carl Hass, Law ' 13, was instantly killed in a 3500-foot fall with his plane at Calstrom Field. Arcadia, Florida, November 1, 1918. Lieutenant Hass entered the First Officers ' Training Camp at Fort Snelling, completing the course in August, 1917. He was assigned to the aviation corps subject to call. In February. 1918, he was sent to the school of aeronautics at the Lniversity of Ohio, Columbus, Ohio. He completed his training there and was transferred to Southern Field. Americus. Georgia. Here he received a medal for efficiency in bombthrowing. L pon completion of his course at this camp he was commissioned as second lieutenant and placed in charge of a scouting plane pre- paratory to his being called for overseas dut . bile awaiting orders he was sent to Calstrom Field, where he was killed. Private Roy S. Johnson Rov S. Johnson. Academic 19. left school in the spring of 1917 to enlist in Battery D, 151st Field Artil- lery. He was on duty with this organization in France until September of the following year, when he was taken sick and invalided back to the United States. He died O-tober 13, 1918, at Mather Reeds Hospital, Washing- ton, D. C. ■ laiBiaiBiBiaiaiaiBiBiBiBiBiaiBiBiaiBiBiB 19 20 ■■■■■■■(■■■[■■■■■[■■■ ' ■fi«iWfiMi«i« ' » ' Pafe 213 IIBIWIMlBIBflHIWIBflWIMIMIHIMIB GOPHER ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■fl«IWIMIWI«l«IBI«l»l ■!■ Linitpnant James Ballentine IJeulenant James Ballentine, age 25, College of Law ' 17. former gridiron hero and track star of South High School, Minneapolis, and of the University, was not reported as dead until late this spring. He was wounded in action while in command of a machine gun company with the 30th Infantry in the Argonne Forest sector. It was thought that he was well on the road to recovery when the news came of his death. He was commissioned second lieutenant of cavalry at the First Officers ' Training School at Fort Snelling. and was one of the first of the University of Minnesota men lo reach France. While in France he was pro- moted to first lieutenant and assigned as a company connnander. Private Harold Linnell Harold T. Linnell. a member of the Lniled States Marine Corps, was killed in action on June 6, 1918, just as he was about to go over the top in one of the biggest drives of the war. He was a member of the famous Sixth Regiment. He had previously been awarded the Croix de Guerre for gallantry in action. Linnell en- listed in April. 1917. and was sent to France in January. 1918. Ensign Clarence A. Nelson Ensign Clarence Arthur Nelson. Dentistry ' 17, en- listed in the navy in March, 1917. On completion of his training as aviator, he was detailed with a naval avia- tion squadron in Italy. There he was killed in a fall in March. 1918. He was a son of Mr. and Mrs. James Nel- son of Crosby, Minn. {■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IBiaiBIBIBIBia 19 20 ■■■IHIBIBIBIBiaiaiBiaiBIBiaiBIBIHIHiaiBiai Page 216 [■[■[■[■{■[■[■[■IBIBIMIMIMIMIMIBIHf IMIB GOPHE.R ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWIMIMIMI ■!■ ( 7(( riiiiistiiii Dorr C ru riiur lun Dorr, of St. Paul, was accidentally ?hol while at Nashville. Tennessee, on Dec. 2. 1918. while being transferred from the Great Lakes Training School to Miami, Florida, as a member of the Aviation section of the Signal Corps. He attended the L niversit ol Minnesota about lour years ago. lli Lii ' utvmint Granville GuUerson Lieutenant Granville Gutterson, 21, formerly of jresent sophomore class at the College of Agri- culture, died of disease while at the Aerial Gunnery School at San Leon, Texas. He first enlisted in August. 1917, as an aviator. On the day of his en- listment, however, he suffered an injury which pre- vented him from entering the service until Novem- lier. At this time he began his work in the ground chool at Austin. Texas, and graduated February 23. He next entered the bombing school at Ellington Field, Texas, graduating April 9, 1918. He was t hen ent to the Aerial Gunnery School at San Leon, Texas, where he was commissioned second lieutenant May 25. He died December k 1918. Corporal Robert M. Fischer Corporal Robert McCaughin Fischer, a member of the 20th Company, 5th Regiment, United States Marine Corps, was killed in action June 6, 1918, at Chateau Thierry. He was a member of the Class of 1920. College of En- gineering, when he eidisted April 24, 1917. For two months he was at Mare Island, and for a month at Quan- tico. Virginia. He left for France in July, 1917, as a member of one of the first contingents to be sent abroad. I ntil January. 1918. he was stationed at Bordeaux. Fol- lowing two months of intensive training back of the lines, he went into the trenches in the Verdun sector early in March. On June 2 his company was transferred to Chateau Thierry. For cons|)i(U()us bravery under fire he was posthumously awardeil the Distinguished Service Cross, iBi»i«iMi»i«iwi»iw 19 20 ■■■(■■■■■■■raiaiaiHiaiBiHiBiMiBiaiHiaiaiBi Page 217 |gl«l»l»f IBflHIHIMiaiMWIMIBIBiMiMiMiMiB GOPHER ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■ ■■■■■■IWflWIWIBIMIMI ■!■ Lucian Porter Wetherby Lucian Porter etherbv. 30. Academic " 10. was among tlie first of Minnesota ' s alumni to take part in the war, and he was one of a verv few to serve with the Australian forces. He. enlisted with the Australian Imperial Forces, at Brisbane. Australia. In April of 1915 he was sent to Gallipoli. Turkey, and shortly afterward his battalion took its position in opposition to the Turkish forces. It is said to have been under constant fire for several months. W eth- erby was reported by the Australian Government as killed in action August 7, 1915. Macumber Wetherby Macumber Wetherbv. Academic ' 16. entered the Marine Corps. He received his training at Mare Island and Quantico, Virginia. He was sent to France in January. 1918, with the Sixth Regiment, and partic- ipated in the battles at Chateau-Thierry and Belleau Wood. He was gassed and wounded and received the Croix de Guerre for bravery in action. Alexander Wetherby .Alexander Wetherby enlisted in the Marine Corps Julv. 1917. He received his training at Paris Island. From here he was sent to France with the Fifth Regiment. He was in the battles of Chateau-Thierry and Belleau Wood, and was wounded in the latter engagement on June 14. L pon recovering he was sent to rejoin his regiment in time to participate in the second battle of the Marne. Here he was gassed and again sent to a hospital from where he was invalided to the United States. He was decorated with the Croix de Guerre for bravery in action. !3iB««iaiaiaLBiBiaiaiBiHiBiB 19 20 ■(■laiMiBiMiBiBiaiaiMiBiMiaiHiHiBiHiaiaiBr Pa ge 21 a flWIBIBIHIMIMIBIBiaiMIMIMIBIBIBIMIBIBIB GOPHER ■l " l«l«l«IWIWIMI«l»IWIMI»IWIWIWI ■!■ lAciitiiKiiil Hurry . . icton Harrv J. Acton ua iDiiiiiiissiimed eco cl lieutenant at the First Officers " Training ( ainp at Fort Snelling. Fol- lowing the complelion of his course here he was transferred successively to Camp Dodge, Logan, Cody, and Travis. He left the States in the spring of 1918, and was assigned to the OOiii Division. E. A. F.. which played an important part on ihp Sazerais-Haye-Puvenelle sector, in the St. Mihiel opera- ti in. and in (lie Argonne-Meuse oflfensives. On al)out November 1, Acton was promoted to first lieutenant. In the last half of the Argonne-Meuse oHen- sive he was wounded by a machine gun bullet. Despite his injury he insisted upon leading his platoon. For his exceptional coolness and fearlessness in the engagement he received a citation. Lit ' utfiKint K. C. BIcssley Lieutenant R. C. Blessley, 24, Engineering ' 18. was wounded September. 1918. while attached to a British scout squadron. Prior to that time he liad served two months as a dilpatcli i ilot. flving lietween England and France. Lieutenant Blessley was transferred from the First Officers " Training Camp at Fort Snelling, Minnesota, to the air service July 14, 1917, and attached to the Royal Flying Corps in Canada for instruction. He was commissioned first lieutenant in November and sent to Fort Worth as an in- structor. In January he sailed for England, where he also performed the duties of instructor at various flying fields until April, 1918. Liviitvniint U . A. Belstruni Lieutenant Wallace A. Belstrom, 24, Law ' 19, at- tended the First Officers ' Training Camp at Fort Snelling, where he received his commission as second lieutenant. He was gassed in the Argonne forest on October 15. He in llie battles of St. Mihiel. the Argonne. and the Meuse. He was gassed in the Afgonne forest on October 15. He recovered in time to take part in the final offensive. ■ ■■[■[■i«i«iMfiBi«i«i»i»i»iwi»i«i«i«i«i» 19 20 ■laiaiBiaiHiaiafaiBiHiBiaiHiBiHiaiHiaiaiai Page 219 IBIWIWflHIWIWIMlBIMIHIMIMlMIMIMIBIHIBIB GOPHEH. ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■I ■■■ ' ■I ■!■ ■■■■JMIMIMI ■!■ Corporal Danforth W . Field Corporal Danforth . Field. Agriculture ' 20. was wounded both in the battle of Belleau ood and in the battle of Champagne. Previously he had fought at Chateau Thierry and St. Mihiel. He was awarded the Legion of Honor, Order of the Chevalier. Corpo- ral Field enlisted April 18. 1917. and was nineteen months in France as a member of the 20th Companv, Fifth Resimeiil. I nited States AL.rines. Lieutenant Wayne Gilbert Lieutenant Wavne Gilbert received a commission for his gallant work on the field as a member of the Sixth Regiment, Marine Corps, after he had been wounded bv shrapnel. He left the Lniversity in April. 1917. for Mare Island, was transferred to Quantico. and then sailed for France. He had been promoted successively to corporal and sergeant before receiving his commission. At the present time he has practically recovered from his wound and is again with his com- panv. He was a member of the Class of 1919, College of Science. Literature, and Arts. Prentice S. Greer Prentice S. Greer enlisted in the Marine Corps on December 15. 1917. He joined the Fifth Marines April 6. arrived in France March 26. 1918. took part in minor operations around erdun, and participated in engage- ments at Belleau Wood and Boureche. He won a com- mission and Distinguished Service Cross on June 6. He was decorated bv General Pershing for his braverv on Hill 142. Lieutenant Greer participated in major opera- tions of Julv 10 south of Soissons and was wounded on July 19. He was at St. Mihiel, took part in operations at Mont Blanc, St. Etienne. the Argonne Forest, St. George, Landre. He was wounded in the left leg on November 1, and returned to the United States on December 24 ' . He was promoted to first lieutenant and awarded the Croix de Guerre. ji»i«i«i«i»i»i«i«i»iwi»i»iB 1 9 20 ■(■laiaiaiBiBiaiaiaiHii ■ ■■laiaiaiHiaiaiMi Page 220 ■ [■■■■■■■■■■■[■IWIMfiMiBiBiaiBiBiMiMiM GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■■■Tl ■ ■iHiMiwaiaiBia l.arlos It . del I ' liiiin ' s Carlos W. del Plaine?. Engineering ' 18, en- listed in the Canadian Forces in February. 1917. He was awarded a military medal August 4, 1917. So far as is known he was llie first Miniiesola man to he decorated. Captain Hugh H. Barber Captain Hugh H. Barber, 24, Law ' 19, before the recent war served as corporal, sergeant-major, second lieutenant, and first lieutenant with Battery D of the First Minnesota Artillery, which saw border service. In April, 1917, when this battery was again called into ser- vice. Barber was made its captain. The unit was merged with the I.51st Field Artillery, which sailed for France that same spring. Captain Barber was made battalion commander of the first battalion during the heavy fight- ing on the Lorraine front, and had been recommended for promotion to the rank of major when he was wounded July 15, 1918. He had previously been gassed. He was decorated with the Croix de Guerre. Corporal Eivart G. Nelson As a member of the 151st Field Artillery, Kainljow Division. Corporal Ewart G. Nelson, 22, Mines ' 20. took part in the battles of Champaigne. Chalons, Ourcq River, and Hill 212 on the Marne. He also took pari ill the fighting on the St. Mihiel and Argonne sectors. He received a citation. Nelson enlisted Ajiril 6. 1017. |«|«I»I»I«|«IBIMI»I«IBI»I»I»IWI«I«IBI»I»IB 19 20 ■ffflMIHIMIHIHlMIWIWiwmig.iaigiwiaiMiM Page 221 |gl«l»l»l«l«l«IMIBI«IHIHMIMIMf|B|M|MIM|M GOPHEJt ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■I ■!■! ■■■■■ ' ■I ■■■l»l»IW ' " l " ' " i ' IB Private Earle B. Jones Earle B. Jones. 21, Agriculture ' 19. enlisted in the Marine Corps six days after war was declared. He was first sent to Mare Island, where he was assigned to Company 79. Sixth Regiment. From here he was trans- ferred to Quantico. irginia. from where he embarked for France in January, 191o. While on duty as a run- ner in tlie Chateau-Thierry driye on June 6. Jones suf- fered a seyere wound which resulted in his being sent back to the Lnited States as a casual. The regiment was cited for the second time at the completion of this drive. Lieitlciiant Frank Tupa Lieutenant Frank Tupa. Academic ' 20, was wounded and twice decorated for bravery, receiving the Croix de Guerre and the Dis- tinguished Service Cross. Tupa enlisted April 18, 1917. in the Marines and was sent to Mare Island. Here he was appointed corporal. He sailed for France August 6, arriving there 15 days later. Here he received his warrant as sergeant and later, after he had been wounded and decorated, he was relumed to his company as a lieutenant. Corporal Jerome E. Johns Corporal Jerome E. Johns was a member of the Second Company. Third Battalion. Fifth Regiment, U. S. Marines. He was wounded June 6. 191o. at Chateau-Thierry. He was sent to hospitals at ichy and Paris, where he was pro- nounced disabled, and placed aboard the Mount ' ernon, which was torpedoed and forced to return to France. He was later sent to the Lnited Stales on another ship and transferred to the Naval Hospital at Great Lakes. Illinois. ' ■(■■■■■■■iMiBiaiBiBiBiBiBiaiail 19 20 ■frHi«iBiHi»iBi»iaiwrwiMi«iwiBi»iwiwi«iMi Page 222 [■■■■■■■ ■■■■■■■■■■fi«fi«iwi«iwiwiwi« GOPHEJ ■[■■■■■ ■■[■[■■■[■■■■■■■■■[■iMiwiMi»i«i (oijuirdl I I ' ll- II. liiddfiick Corporal ere H. Broderick enlisted April 23, 1917, in the Marine Corps. Seventv-ninth Company. Sixth Regiment. He fought ill tlie hatlles of Chateau-Thierry. Belleau ood. Soissons, the Meuse. and the Argonne. He was reported slightly wounded July 19, 191o, and missing September 1.5, 1918. He was later reported as being with the Army of Occupation. Liciitrnani Floyd Friar Lieutenant Flovd Friar, Engineering " 20. enlisted April 23. 1917. He sailed for France the following July. He was sent to Bordeaux for five months, and then to the front. Later he was sent back for furtlier intensive training. He was sent to the front again in Februarv. but did not see further action again until the battle of Chateau Thierry. On June 6 he was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross. He was wounded October 6, and sent to a hospital. Licittcnant Frederick T. Fairchild Lieutenant Freilerick Tracy Fairchild was wounded on September 29, 1918, near Jesnes in the Argonne forest. After three months at Base Hospital 26 he was made a billeting officer in the region near Bordeaux. He later re- joinetl his regiment. Lieutenant Fairchild was graduated from the I ni er- sitv of Minnesota in 190,5. He enlisted in 1917; received his commission as first lieutenant at the Presidio Training Camp; spent ten months at Camp Lewis, and went over- seas July, 1918, as a member of the 91st Division. laiaiBiBiBiaiBiBiaiaiHiBiBiBiaiBiBiaiBiBiB 19 20 ■laiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiacmi j iaiamiwiaiaiaii Page 223 ■[■[■[■IMIMIHIMIHIBIMIMIMIMIMIMI, GOPHER ■l»l«IWIWI«IWIWI ■!■ Captain Dan S. Hidniick Captain Dan S. Helmick was first commissioned a-, first lieutenant at the First Officers ' Training Camp at Fort Leavenworth. He was ordered overseas in Septem- ber. 1917. In France lie was assigned to dutv involving examination of British and French methods of supplving troops in the front lines. His unit, the First Regiment of the U. S. Engineers, was on duty in the Toul sector, and later this regiment was with the French at Soissons. Montdidier. and Chateau Thierry. Lieutenant Helmick was cited by his divisional commander " for distin- guished conduct during the operations against St. Mihiel. " Shortly afterward he was promoted to the grade of cap- tain and sent to the Argonne sector. Here he was wounded October 10, at the taking of Hill 272. Follow- ing his recovery he was decorated with the Distinguished Service Cross. Corporal M. D. Hcrreid Corporal Myron D. Herreid. 24. Chemistry ' 19. enlisted in the Marine Corps May 21, 1917. He left for France October 29, reaching Brest November 12. Enroute the ship was rammed, but its structure prevented its sinking. This event was a fitting opening for Herreid ' s service. In France he was in the front wave of practically every attack made by his division at Soissons. Chateau-Thierry. St. Mihiel, and Champagne. He was wounded October 6, and sent back to a hospital for operation. Upon recovery he was sent to rejoin his company in the Army of Occupation. Captain Arthur S. Gow Captain Arthur S. Gow. 2.5. Law " 16. enlisted as a private in Battery F of the Lniversity in June of 1916. At Llano Grande. Texas, he was promoted to the grade of lieutenant. Wlien this battery was mustered out of service he recruited in another and was made captain. His company joined the 151st Field Artillery, leaving for France in October. In February he was gassed and wounded. On being discharged from the hospital, he was for a lime an instructor in an artillery school, but was later sent to (lie front. He was again wounded, but this time only slightly. In July he was transferred to a tank company and sent to Eng- land. Here he was commander of a battalion at Camps Boving- lon and Worget. Later he returned to France with the 306tli Battalion and was again at the front at the time of the signing of tlie armistice. He is at present working with Herbert Hoover in Paris. al«l«l«l«l»IBI«l«IBIMI»l»l» 1 9 20 ■laiarBIBiaiaiBiarBIHIBIBiaiMIBtBIHIBIBlHI Page SS4 ■ l«IWIBfl«IWI«l«IWIBIWI«l«IWIMIWI«fl» COPHEJ " ' - ■ laiaiBiaiaiaiaiHiaiBiai Sergeant George Hollenbeck Sergeant George Hollenbeck, another member of the Marine Corps and a student in the Law School at the time of liis enlistment in April, 1917, went over the top ten times befor e he was wounded at Soissons, On his recovery he was selected as the only man of his battalion to study law at the University of Cambridge. Private Rolf Nelson Private Rolf Nelson, formerly a student in the College of Forestry, was wounded in the battle of Chateau-Thierry, June 5. He was a member of the Fifth Regiment, United States Marine Corps. James Geggie The accompanying photo shows James Geg- gie, Academic ' 21, being decorated by an Ital- ian officer with the Italian War Cross, which Geggie and other members of the Ambulance Corps received for service during a ten-day of- fensive on the Austrian front. Geggie answered a call which came in the spring of 1918 from the Italian Army for an Ambulance Corps composed of university men. Willard Bixby. Academic ' 20, was also a member of the same unit. i«i«iai»iai«iaiMiai«fia ' " i«i« ' « ' " ' " ' " ' " i " 1 9 20 i|-a:«iii i«iHiaiaiaiaiai»i» ' Page I ' l ' j ■ ■■■■IMIBIBflMIMf IBIMIMIMIBIMIM GOPHER ■•■ " ■•■•■■■•■■■•■IBIWMI ■•■IBIBIMIBI ■!■ i ! Captain Norman F. Claiisscn Captain Norman F. Claussen, 26, succumbed to influenza October 27, 1918, at Camp Taylor, Kentucky, after he had taken an active part in the fighting as an artillery officer on practically all the American sectors in France. His official record follows: " First Lieutenant Norman F. Claussen, 15th F. A., as executive officer of his battery on the night of June 10. 1918, and also throughout the day of Julv 1. 1918, near Domptin. coolly and effectivelv directed the fire of his batterv. thereby enabling it to render valuable artillery support to the infantry. This occurred on the Chateau- Thierry front June 10 and July 1, 1918. Also near illemontoire July 21, 1918. as battery executive, with great coolness and courage he conducted his battery from an area exposed at short range and under heavy shell fire, to a position under cover. His conduct was an inspiration to the other officers and the men of his battery. Near Vierzy. on July 21, 1918, he kept the firing battery together while enroute to an advanced position under extremely heavy shell fire, during which time he rode up and down the column talking to his men, thereby avoiding confusion. This was on the Soissons front. July 21. 1918. " Lieutenant Claussen received his promotion to the grade of captain after his return from France. Lieutenant Ralph D. Grade Lieutenant Ralph D. Gracie, Engineering ' 19, was reported missing in action August 12, 1918. Several days later he was officially reported as having been killed while in an engagement with an enemy aviator. Several weeks before his death Gracie had succeeded in bringing down his first German plane. Private J alentine H. New ton Valentine Hallock Newton. School of Mines ' 18. enlisted as a private in the Marines May 12, 1917. Early in June he was assigned to the headquarters-company of the Fifth Regiment, which sailed for France shortlv afterward as part of our first contingent. He died in France November 13, 1917. Lieutenant John Simons Lieutenant John Simons, 2.5. Dentistry ' 16, died October 2. 1918, at Camp Toby- hanna, Pennsylvania, of Spanish influenza, complicated with pneumonia. Several weeks before he had been called from his practice to serve with the dental corps. Captain Dewitt J. Payne Captain Dewitt J. Payne, Academic " 12. was first commissioned as first lieutenant. Field Artillery, at the first camp at Fort Sheridan. Hlinois. Shortly afterwards he was transferred to aviation, where he won his commission as captain. He died February 1, 1918, as a result of injuries sustained in a fall. The fact that Payne Field at West Point, Mississippi, was named after him is a fitting testimony of the esteem in which he was held as man. soldier, and flier. MIMiai»l»l»l«l«IMI«IMI«l»IW 19 20 ■[•[■]BIBIBI»l«IBIMIMIBI»flBI»IBI«IBflBI Page 226 ■ ■■■■IBflBIMIBiaiBI,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, COPriEJ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■Wl«l«l»is..- Lit ' UtciKint-i ' .nhincl George Edpar ] iricrnl Geoipe Edgar incciit. former president of the University of Minnesota, who served as lieutenant-colonel with the Red Cross in France, was awarded the decoration of the Legion of Honor. Dr. incent is now president of the Rockefeller F ' oundation. Co plain liohiTt A. Ilall Captain Robert . ' . Hall, formerly an instructor in the College of Medicine, was cited and decorated for bravery three times while serving with the British troops in France. Colonel George E. Leach Colonel George E. Leach of the 151st Field Artillery was awarded the decoration of the Legion of Honor. He is a graduate of the Law College of the University of Minnesota. The 151st. which included a numbei of University men, did valiant service with the Rainbow Division. James Baker James Baker won the Italian war cross for heroism in service with the American Red Cross Ambulance unit in Italy. He was a member of the unit which left for Italy early in 1917. Clarence C. Chase Clarence C. Chase was in the trenches 15 days at erdun, at Chateau-Thierry from June 2 to June 28, in the Soissons attack July 17-18, and in the St. Mihiel drive. In the latter engagement he was wounded. Lieutenant James L. Hartney Lieutenant James L. Hartney, Minnesota graduate, was cited for gallantry in action and promoted from second to first lieutenant. He enlisted in the 28th Infantry at Maynard. Minnesota. Clarence I . Sivanson Clarence V. Swanson. Academic ' 20. was reported severely wounded June 14, 1918, presumably in the drive at Chateau-Thierry. A letter shows him to have been engaged in particularly dangerous work with the intelligence department. He was a member of the Twentieth Company, Fifth Regiment, U. S. Marine Corps. He enlisted April 17, 1917. Frederick Van Ness Frederick Van Ness, Academic 1920, was wounded in the battle of the Argonne. He enlisted in the Norton-Harjes Ambulance Corps in February, 1917. When the unit was disbanded in France, he joined the Sixth Field Artillery. It was as a member of this unit that he was wounded. He is now in the Army of Occupation. ■ ■■■■■ ■■■■■■■■IBIM|«l«l»IMIM|,IMIB,„B 19 20 ■l»rBIBI«l«l«l«IWI«IWI«fl«|M|M|B|MIM|,|M Pate 227 i iw ' »iMi«iwi«i«i«iMi«i«i«iwi«i«iBi»i» GOPHELR ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■iwiwi»i«imiw ' «i« BASE HUSFITAL U. 26 AT ALLEKEY. FRANCE Base Hospital No. 26 0 ' F all contributions that Minnesota has made to the war. the most distinctive was without Ioubt the organi- zation of Base Hospital No. 26. With a personnel almost entirely of University faculty and students, it has ren- dered service invaluable in France. The unit was first organized in May. 1917. So great was the interest of the students that by June there was a waiting list of 200 men who wished to join its ranks. A call to active service was expected continually for months. Patriotic societies of the Twin Cities and the state con- tril)uled medical supplies and equipment. For more than six months, however, the unit knew nothing as to the time of their departure. Finally the call came. On December 12 the Base Hos- pital was mobilized at Minneapolis. Major A. A. Law of the College of Medicine was placed in command. The personnel included 40 officers, of whom 17 were members of the I niversitv Facultv: 2.50 enlisted men. most of whom were L niversi tv men. anil 100 nurses. On December 21 the University bade the Base Hos- pital Godspeed at a convocation. A week later the Unit left for Camp McPherson. Georgia, where it remainetl until the middle of May. On the way overseas, thirteen men, seniors in the Medical College when thev left the University, were awarded their degrees and commissions as officers in the Medical Corps. The Unit arrived at Allerey. France, in July, 1918. It was the critical point of the war. The wounded were coming back from the front lines at Chateau Thierry. The chief surgeon of the center was frantically beseeching the sixteen evacuation hospitals to make room for more and more. He turned to Base Hospital No. 26. which had just arrived. " One thousand tonight, one thousand tomorrow night, and if need be. one thou- Li. .■IMflWI»IWI«IWI«l«l»l«flB 19 20 ■flHI»l«IHI»IBIMIMfl»l»l«l«IBI«IMI«IHIMI Page 228 ■ ■■[■■■■■■■[■IMIBIBIBWIBIMIHIMIWIMIMIB GOPHEJR ■■■■■■■■■■■I •■■■■■■■■laii laiaiHiaiaiHi : I 1 ' TS ' J sand more tlie next iiiglit. ua, tlie repK (il Major Law. " We have no supplies here; but we have the beds, the food, the hands, and the best will in the world. " Thus was Base Hospital No. 26 plunged into the war. It rose to the call of its duty magnificently. Subsequently Major Law was promoted to lieutenant colonel and was made field commander of the Lhiit. Many of the other officers, too, were promoted. The Unit is still in France. In all probability it will be home within a few months. There can be no finer explanation of the work of the Base Hospital than that contained in the following excerpts from letters written by Colonel Law to Mrs. Law: (Written en route I Ju ly 6, 1918. We have posted on the board in the reading room daily wireless reports on the stock market, ball scores, new. that the Hun drive stopped at the Marne, that German airplanes fired on refugees, but not a word to date about the submarine in American waters. Our getting awav was a splendid commentary on the navy. July 17, 1918. Tomorrow we will be ready for 2,000 patients. When the wind is right the ominous rumble of the big guns tells us another big German offensive is on. Perhaps this explains why we strained every nerve to gel ready. Every officer and man has worked like a Trojan the last few days. Some things we lack still, but we have hands and will, ingenuity and esprit de corps. We have never been stumjied yet. If necessary, with our characteristic cxjiansion we can take care of one third more. AHlidW l lll(. M t (,I(A K (IK LILl r. (ISI.AII M. Kl.lNC.KN l V IHI ll l llllM ' MAl. l«IWIWI»fl«WI»iai»IWIWI»IBI«l«IBI«IWI«IB 19 20 ■l«l«l«IBIHIMIHIMflWI»fl»l»IWI«l«IWI«l»l Page 229 BI«l«l»iaiMI«IMIBrMIMIHIBl«|B|M|M GOPHER ■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■iMIMIM Praises Smith College Girls July 23. 1918. I went to the railroad last night with a lot of Smith college girls, who sent their love to President Burton through me. They are doing wonderful work. God hless them. Their canteens fed a train of 600 wounded — French. Singalese. Arabs. Americans. Chinese, black men from Martinique, white, yellow, brown, and black soldiers — some shot several times, some decorated with all the honors their country gives. July 2 S. 1918. Now has 26 proved the promise of its horning. With our hands we have built. Kipling has nothing on us in his " if. " We have not ■ ' sto] ped and built it up with worn-out tools. " but u ilh no tools, just our hands, our will, and in- domitalile pride in our ability to do again witli naught to do with. Witii no supplies or equipment, before prac- liially anytliing but our beds had arrived, we built iiur hospital. Vi hen Uncle Sam in his need could not furnish us things to do with, I bought them out 111 the contingent fund: tools, drugs, dressings, kitchen utensils, knives, forks, pails, gauze, etc. Made Own Equipment Our tallies, chairs, desks, benches, and all our lurniture. we made out of rough lumber; our ster- ilizers for infected clothing out of barrels and mud. And now everything is beginning to arrive, and our glory is that we did it with our hands alone, with bloody fingernails, and the sweat of our brow. Our wound.-- are clean, our patients comlortable and happy, and superbly cared for by the gallantry of our wonderful men and women who to their own honor and that of the state and country worked twenty-four hours out of twenty-four and put over a triumph of resourcefulness, grit and firm determination, which entitles them .■??«Sr ' to our everlasting gratitude. The Joy of Creating There was pure joy in creating out of nothing, improvising liathing slabs out of asbestos roofing material, furnaces to heat water out of bricks and sheet iron, a receiving ward out of compoboard and 2 x 4 lumber, so when the chief surgeon asked when we could receive patients, I told him, " 1.000 tonight. 1.000 tomorrow night, and if need be, 1,000 more the next night. " He said, " Have you your supplies? " I answered, " No. but I have the beds, the food, the hands, and the best will in the world. " He took me at my word and sent the wounded to us from the front. Thev could not get better care, and now our equipment puts us on our feet with what we need. July 30, 1918. Today we evacuated convoy of wounded in forty-three minutes. The French officials said it was the best record ever made. " Base Hospital No. 26 landed in the I nited Slates on April 25. 3iwi»i»i«i«fi«i«i«i»f 1 9 20 ■laiaiaiaiaiBiaiaiaiBiBiBiBiaiBiBiHiaiHiBi Page 230 IIWIW »l«IMIMIMiaiMIHiaiMIBIMI,l„„„, COPHE.R I w . i IBI»IMI»l«l»l«IMI«l«IBI«l«fl«l«IM|MI«|» 19 20 ■l«l«l«IWI»l«l«IHIMIHIMIWI«IWIB|MIM|«|B|B Paie23l II«IWIWI»IHI«IWIMI«IWIWIWI«IMIWIBIWIWIWIW GOPHELR ■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■ ■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' W IBIBIBIBiaiBII v- - r» oo r o Fort Sheridan TWO summer camps for college men were held at Fort Sheridan, Illinois. At the first, which lasted from June 12 to July 15. approximalely 2.800 members of R. 0. T. C. units throughout the central part of the L nited States were present. Of these, 84 came from Minnesota. At the second camp, which lasted from July 18 to September 18, 130 Minnesota men attended. In all there were 3,700 men present. There were two similar camps for college men throughout the country, one at Platts- burg, New York, and the other at Presidio. California. At the conclusion of the second camp. 1.400 men were commissioned second lieutenants. Of these Minnesota furnished 120, which was an exceptionally large number proportionally. A few of the men were sent to Camp Taylor, Kentucky, to receive further training as field artillery officers; some were assigned as personnel adjutants: but the great majority were sent out as company commanders in S. A. T. C. units in the Iniversities. K. P. un Sunday. .AWOL. Heavy packs. Visitors ' Day. Ten stampedes, a dozen parades, and tliree inspections. Cosmolene. The passing sliow of sympathetic civilians on Slieridan Road. lidt Retrospect Enhances Fatigue detail. Military hair cuts: one inch on top and nothinii on the sides and hack. " Did you clean your rifle today? " " ' Prepare for inspection. " Inoculation. Pills — for everv aihneni the same — Pills. ■ ■[■■■iBiaiBiaiBiBia 1 9 2.0 ■ffi iMi«i»i»iW ' " ' W ' " ' " ' » ' " ' Page 232 [■■■■■■■■■[■[■[■[■■■■■IMIMIMIMIBIBIBIHIB GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■IWI ' " TlJ? 14 " C° The Days W ork 5:00— First Call S:10— Reveille 5:15 — Assembly 5:30— l ess 6:50— Physical Drill 1:00— Drill UM— Recall V2:00—Mess 1 :00— School 4 :iO— Recall 5:13 — Retreat 6:00— Mess 7:00— School 9:00— Recall 9:30— 7 " ffps Seeing Chicago on Pass (12 to 12) NOON: A hurried shave. The electric. Pass a golf course. Another golf course. Two more. Willamette. Evanston. The " L. " Suburbs. Randolph. 2:30 p.m.: " WhatTl we do? " Eat. State Street. Eat. Michigan Ave. Those eyes. Adams St. Eat. Soldiers " and Sailors " Club. 6 P. M. : The College Inn lor Thompsons, according as pay day is near or far I. White City (Riverview, the Majestic, Woods). " 0 — h, that look. " Eat. 10 P. M.: The " L. " Cutting across the stables. " Halt. ' ho is there? " " The guardhouse. ■ l«l»l»l»l«fl»IMI«IWI«l»l«l«l»l»IMI»l»lB 1 9 20 ■l»IBIWI«l»IWI«IWI«l«IW " " ' " " " " ' «IM ' » ' « ' Pate 233 MIWI«IBI«IMIWIMI«IBI«|MIBiMf GOPHE.R ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWIWflWIMfl ■!■ w -, - -,. -, j - riT -r Jijiriirwrii i f aiaiBIBIBIBIHIBiaiBIBIBIBII 19 20 ■laiaiaiHIBIBiaiai BiaiBIBIBIBIBiaiHIBIBIMI Page 234 ■■laiHiBi ■ iwi«i«i«i«i«iwi«iMiBiBi«iwi«i« GOPHER ■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' laiaiaiaiBiaii mmN laiBiaiBiaiaiaiaiaiaiBiBi ' lliElElE laiaiaia 1 9 20 aiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaia i ■ i ■ i a i aiaiaiaiaian Paic 235 aiBIMfflHIMlHIMIMIMIHIBIWIWIWIB GOPHEJ ■I»I«IMI»IM1WIWIWIWI»IHI ■ [■■■IMIMIMI ■!■! HtLD I ' lKCES CAPTURED FROM FLEEING GERMANS Minnesota Marines SOMEWHERE in Germany tuday the strains of " Minnesota. Hail to Thee! " ' float along, borne into space from the throats of a hundred Minnesota men. Together they left the University in April, 1917, perhaps 1.50 strong; and for the most part they have remained together for more than two years. Within that time they have fought the most critical battles of the entire war. The men are members of the Fifth and Sixth Regiments, United States Marine Corps. From the University they went to Mare Island, San Francisco; then to Quantico. Virginia, and then on to France. Only a few were scattered among various companies. An official bulletin from the Marine Corps office at Wasbingtini has announced that over two-thirds of one entire company of tiie Fifth Regiment were men from the Lhiiversity of Minnesota. These men fought together at Chateau Thierry and Belleau Wood. The great majority went to Soissons, to the Argonne, and the Champagne district. Men who have written back say that they went over the top perhaps a dozen times. - number were killed; many were wounded and decorated. One-third of all of Minnesota ' s casualties were of men in the Fifth and .Sixth Regi- ments of the United States Marines. A. 1ER1CA. RED CROSS IN PARI? ■laiaiBiBiaiBia 1 9 20 ■■■(■■■iBiBiBiaiaiBiB B aiaiBiBiaiHiaji j|i Page 236 ■ [■[■■■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■flHIWIWIWIWIB GOPHEK ■i»i«iwi«iiwiwi«f ' « ' M ' " ' " ' " i " i ■ ' ■ ' ■!■ ■ i«i«i»i«i»«i«i«i»i«iwi " i« ' « ' " ' « ' " ' " ' ' ' ' ' " I 9 20 ■■■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' Page 237 ■ ■IWIKIBIHIHiWiaiBIWIMIMiaiMIBIBIMIMIBia GOPHER ■l»l«l«l " l»lWl«IWIWIWI«IWI«IBmiWI«l»ll w W . S. G. A. In War Service HEX the war call reached the University campus, it was responded to by the women through the medium of the Women ' s Self-Government Association. This organization promptly ascertained the needs and qualifications for service of its members and set out to meet them. Elisabeth Forssell was appointed general chair- man of war work for the school year, 1918-19. The association separated the field into five divisions by means of which the campus work was kept going smoothly and effectively. W ar Savings Stamps The War Savings Stamp section, one of the five divisions, was in charge of Kathe- rine Wise as chairman. The work of selling thrift stamps was done through th e clubs, sororities, co-operative cottages and other pre-war conmiunities or organiza- tions, which were in all organized into thirty-three teams. The average membership of each society was twenty. From the first issuance of War Savings Stamps until the close of May, 1918, a total of $5,347.25 worth of stamps was sold to the members of the teams. The work is still in progress. The Knitting Section The arduous task of inspecting socks fell to the lot of Miss Dorothy Strong and Miss Marion Webster, chairman and assistant chairman of the knitting committee. The W. S. G. A. was allotted one hundred and twenty skeins of yarn, and returned on schedule time to the American Red Cross, one hundred and twenty-three pairs of socks, duly inspected and faultless. When the original supply of yarn was exhausted, the division, because of the shortage of wool, was semi-officially demobilized. Con- siderable work had also been done last spring under Miss Lucy Tomlinson as chair- man. Following the signing of the armistice the girls were again called on to knit for war refugees. The Publicity Workers The essential branch of publicity was in charge of Miss Edna Sontag and a corps of assistants. Among the chief accomplishments of this division were: 1. Local and overtown posters for address by Miss Burner, returned overseas Y. W. C. A. worker. 2. Publicity for student teams prefacing the War Chest Drive. 3. War Chest Drive publicity in S. A. T. C. 4. Posters for lecture of Captain Winter on his overseas service. 5. Publicity for campaign for adoption of French war orphans. aiaiaiBiBiBiBiBiBiBiBlB 1 9 20 ■laiaiaiBiBiaiBiaiBiaiaiaiBiBiBiHiHtaiaiBii Page 238 ■ iWIWIMIMIWIWIBIMIMIMIMIMIBIMIBiaiaiB GOPHER ■■■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWIMIWflMIMI ■!! For theS. A. T. C. The task of providing comforts and entertainments for the members of the S. A. T. C. was divided between the University Y. W. C. A. and the W. S. G. A. The former organization took over the serving of meals and canteen sales in the Campus Hostess House, and the latter furnished the entertainments given at the Hostess House. Under the last mentioned division was the entertainment work done by the Women ' s War Council and the War Camp Communitv Service. This all was in charge of the Misses Elisabeth Forssell. Laura Peck, and Dorothy Strong, who as- sumed charge of the campus division of the War Camp Community Service. They were the persons whose duty it was to find dancing partners for S. A. T. C. members, plan Hostess House entertainments, and, in general, provide all possible " comforts of home " for the S. A. T. C. men. French Orphans Later the division started a campaign for the adoption of French war orphans. This work, too, was carried to a 100 per cent efficiency record. Practically every girls ' organization on the campus has subscribed to the adoption of at least one French orphan. The pledge calls for an annual subscription of $36.50. This last branch of service is bearing great fruit in interest to the foster mothers of the French orphans. Replies to letters written to little wards overseas have fur- nished the L niversity with an endless source of entertainment as well as considerable enlightenment regarding conditions in France. W ar Chest Campaign The final and greatest achievement of W. S. G. A. was the successful conclusion of the War Chest Campaign, which was in charge of Laura Peck. The machinery for the drive consisted of seventeen companies, each member of which was pledged to do her part in any general work assigned to her. Companies were formed as follows: Academic College 11 Agricultural College 4 Nurses and Medical College 1 Other Professional Colleges 1 The average membership of each company was 100. This division enlisted a membership of 634 University women in W. S. G. A. and managed the entire campaign. The subscriptions totalled $8,499.60 from women on the main campus and $505.55 on the agricultural campus, making a total of $9,005.15 from all University women. ■ ■■i»i»fi«iMi«iMi» Mfi»iai«fiBiMiBiBiB 1 9 20 ■(■[■iwf iwiMi ■ I ■ I »iwi ■!■! Bm i n laiMi aiBiBli Pete 239 [■I«IMIMI«I«IMIMIMI«I«IHIBIMIMIMIM GOPHEJR ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■l«IW ' ■■■[■ ' ■ ' ■I ■!■! 6: 5 I UNDER the direction of Dean Guy Stanton Ford of the Graduate School, who served with the Committee on Public Information, University of Minnesota men were most instrumental in instructing the country as to the aims of the United States in the war. Following are some of the details as to their work: Professor Wallace Notestein was the editor of Conquest and Kullur and The President ' s Flag Day Address, a contributor to W ar Encyclopedia; and wrote German War Practices, Treatment of Conquered Territory, and Jan Smuts, which appeared in the Atlantic Monthly. Professor A. C. Krey was a collaborator in writing German War Practices, was a contributor to Facts About the W ar, ft ' ar Encyclopedia, and the President ' s Flag Day Address. Professor M. W. Tyler assisted in writing The W orld Peril and Roots of the War. He contributed to the War Encyclopedia. Conquest and Kultur. and the President ' s Fl ig Day Address. Mr. Tyler was the author of The Last Ten Years of British Policy in the History Teachers ' Magazine, and of A Pocket Guide to Food Conservation. Professor C. D. AUin was the author of The Difference Between English and German Blockades, and also assisted in annotating the text of President W ilson ' s W ar Message. Professor Roy G. Blakey was the author of several articles on War Finance which were issued by the Creel Committee, and which were also published in many maga- zines and periodicals. Professor William Anderson also assisted in tiie Annotation of President W ilson ' s War Message, President Wilson ' s Flag Day Address. Conquest and Kultur. Facts .4bout the War, and Roots of the W ar. Professor E. E. Stoll assisted in writing Facts of the II a r. Conquest and Kultur. and the War Encyclopedia. Professor A. B. White contributed to Facts About the W ar. Professor W. S. Davis was chief author of Roots of the W ar: edited Facts About the War; and was the chief author of War Message and Facts Behind It. Professor Davis also wrote many shorter articles in newspapers and magazines. ■ IHIBIMIBIBiaiBINIBIBIBIBIB 19 20 ■IMIHIMIB I ■ IB I ■ I ■! BIMI ■ ■ flWI«l«fl«IBIBIHIHI«IBIBIBIBIHIMIMIB COPHEIR ■■■■■■■■■■■IWIWIMIWIWIMIWIMIMIMIWIWI ■!■ O r jTU The Effects of the II or on the Curriculum A TENDENCY toward a liberalized curriculum and vocational training was given a decided impetus by the war. During the first quarter of the 1918-1919 school year, the work was thoroughlv demoralized. In the professional colleges, however, -tudies were kept fairly well up to the standard. Throughout the war period, many courses were colored by military activities. The emergency courses offered and the enrollment in each are as follows: Food Conservation i Three Courses i 100 Food Nutrition as Related to War 30 Food and tile War . . " 49 Applied Bacteriology 7 Military .Signalling 5.5 Radio Construction 8 Gas Engine Ignition 8 . utomotive Engines 45 Naval Engines 36 Causes of the War 60 Reconstruction Progress 25 During the first quarter of the 1918-1919 year the following additions were made to courses to conform with the S. A. T. C. program: ar Issues Modern Ordnance Military Law and Practice Applied Bacteriology Hygiene and Sanitation Aeronautical Engineering Surveying and Map Making Aeroplane Design Map Reading and Navigation Mechanics of Aeroplane In general, scholastic work deteriorated slightly. Seriousness of purpose was increased, but power of concentration and directed effort were decreased. Perhaps the most important result of the S. A. T. C. regime was the beginning of the quarter system, which, according to present indications, will be permanently continued. The policy of the University has been to deal with the utmost liberality with those who entered the service and to allow credit where it could be done without too great violence to justice and reasonable safeguards of University standards. In the case of the Medical School, which requires a years internship, for a degree, this requirement was waived in the case of students who were granted commissions in the army or navy. The University has also granted a special certificate to every man and woman who entered any line of war service. Page 241 IWIWIWIBI«l«IMI«l«l«l»IBI«IBIWf COPHE.R ■■■■■fl " l " l» ' WI« ' «IWI« ' WIWI l«IW ' »l " ' " T r Tales From Minnesota Fighters " ffl k|j i 1} Major Cushnian Rice Major Cushmaii A. Rice. Air Service. U. S. N., the University of Minnesota ' s most renowned soldier of fortune, added to his already long list of distinctions in the recent war; surprised all the medical experts in the army service and then failed to achieve his chief ambition by the narrowest of margins. He is now attached to the general staff of the army air service and recently was assigned to an inspection tour of the army flying posts in this country. )(Tien the United States entered the war Major Rice was one of the first of Minnesota ' s former students to enter the service. This was. however, to have been expected, since he had a hand in almost all the wars of recent years, in all parts of the world. He chose the aviation branch of the service and within a short time after entering the army was given a rank of major and with it the important assignment as head of the first American flving detachment to see service on the Western Front. He was in command of the American flyers who were on detached service with the Britisli forces. In this capacitv he was forced to do considerable traveling, by automobile, from one flying station to another. His driver, who was also his orderlv, had explicit orders to lav beside the major ' s bed, each night, the officer ' s flashlight, pistol, and gas mask. He obeyed his orders implicitlv — all but one night. On that night the Germans sent over a gas barrage, and the major ' s mask was not available. He was horribly burned, and his lungs, according to the medical experts, were almost gone. He was given treat- men in overseas hospitals and finally recovered enough to be sent home — " to die. " On his arrival here, armv surgeons gave him a maximum of sixtv days to live. Major Rice refused to admit the infallibility of the diagnoses. He began a round of almost every hospital and institution in the country where there were advanced methods of treatment for gas victims. Although so weak that he hardly could walk, he con- tinued tliis round, taking treatment after treatment. " Thev onlv gave me sixtv davs. " he commented shortly after his first arrival in Minnesota, and his voice was barely a whisper. " But they ' re all wrong this time. I ' ll be back to help put in the finishing punch on the Boche! " It was this ambition he failed to realize. His health again is almost normal. But the armistice was signed before he could re-enter the service. Fought On Four Fronts " I am looking forward to finishing my agricultural course, " says a portion of a letter from Sergeant Ben F. Dunn, who served with Battery B of the 151st Field Artillerv. " This long interruption of the same is not time wasted. I am storing away bits of information that only the ' World ' s Lab ' could give me. HiBiaiaiBiaiBiBiaiB 1 9 20 ■i«iwi»i»i»i " i«i«i» ' » ' " i " ' «i i " ' " i " ' " ' ' ' Paee 242 ■ IBIXBIMIBIMIMfiaiMIMIBIMIBIMIMIMIBIB COPH ' ' R ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■f ■■ ' »l»l»- ' «l«l«flWIWI ■■■ " We have had iieail nine months of fighting in tlie ' zone of advance. " Iiaving taken a proniinenl i)art in tlie (ightitig on four front.-. Not once, that I knou of. ha e wc retreated a meter. " Tifcnty-Oiir Diiys In Figlitiiiji Lieutenant Erling . Han on. .Medical Corp . writing from France in Ma). lylLi, cited his experiences as being far from all roses and dress parades. Said he: " The letters I have written during the jjast month were written from a little hole in the ground, not many yards from the Boche lines. I tell you we have been through something. For twenty-one days I didn ' t have my clothes off, not once — day and night were as one. except that nights were usuallv the worse. I was the only doctor in the battalion. " A Call ji r Jimmy Pnijic Intermingled with the chorus of cannon and machine guns to which he worked. was a staccato obligato in the service of Lieutenant P. A. Poirier, who was attached to Motorcycle Co. 303. Motor Transport Corps. A. E. F. in France. " Allons! " " he wrote to the service medal committee. " I have just climbed off my trusty motorcycle at the end of a 120-niile run, and suffice it to say that had I known what was waiting for me at this end Fd have made the run in about half the time. " Your bully message and keen service medal greeted me. and when I looked them over I simply climbed up on my hind legs and chanted " Minnesota, Hail to Thee — right in the face of Lieutenant Fowler, an old Chicago " C man. who pu! up a stiff barrage of everything from bricks to armv biscuits — mortality in each and every round. " Am sorrv to sav I haven t a line on Minnesota people over here — except Blanch Grand Maitre. with the telephone unit, U. S. A. Signal Corps. You might send Jimmie Paige over (Q. T. ) — but outside of that we ' re all fine as silk, and Minnesota is on the map of France. " ' Serving In Palestine To James H. Nicol. captain in the American Red Cross, lell the lot of lirecting a large industrial orphanage in Palestine which the Germans had established in 1860 and conducted until driven away by the Allies. " We are gathering a family of 300 needy orphans, ' " he wrote, " and giving them a training in effective democracv — in school, tailor shop, carpenter shop, jjrint shop, shoe shop, and pottery. " " We have not time. " " he continued, " to think of the romance of being in Old Jerusalem, as 14-hour days are the rule and we do little or no sightseeing. So far as I know. I am the onlv son of Minnesota here. " Page 243 ■ ■■l«IMi«IBIM IM|B,„B,„„B,BIB,, GOPHEIR ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ■■■■■■■IMIMIWIWIB, . u._. .■l«l«fl»l»IMflH I 9 20 ■IMIMrBIMIBIMiaiWIMIMIMIMlBlwiM iBiHiaiaiBi Page 244 ■ [■■■IMIBIMIMIMIBIBIMIMIBIBIBIBf IBIMIB GOPHER ■■■■■ ■■ ■■■■■■■■■■IMIWIWIWIJMI ■!■! N W fe ■ ■[■■■l»l«l«iaflMIMIHIHI»l«l«IMIMIMI«l«IB 19 20 ■■■l«l»l«IBI«l ■fl«l«l«l«IBIWffWI«l«l« H ' ace 245 |g!»l»ltl»l«l«IWfl«flWWI«IMIHI«IMI«IMIW GOPHE.R ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■I»IWIMI«IW ' WI " ' WT ■ iBiBiaiatHiatBijiiaiMiaiaiaiai 1 9 20 ■■■[■i«iaiBi«i»i»i»i»i " ' " i " iMi " i« ' W ' « ' " ' Page 246 ' » ' ■ ' » ' ■!■ I ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IB COPHEJ ■■■■■IWIWI«l«IWIBIWI«l«l«IHI«IMI«IBfl»l ■vr TIw R. O. T. C. m FOLLOWING the demobilization of the Student Army Training Corps, a unit (if llie Reserve Officers ' Training Corps, similar to those at the University during past years, was established. The following officers were detailed as professors of military science: Colonel Frank H. Burton Captain Allen Newman Lieutenant Roy Harris Lieutenant Ernest A. Nuoffer The scope of military instruction was enlarged to embrace the four following branches: (a I Lectures on the military history of the Lnited States were gi en in order tc aid the general explanation of military policy and to explain the inilitarv obliga- tions of citizenship. (bl Engineers were given a course consisting of lectures on military flying. The instruction also covered the use and construction of bombs and explosives. (c) A new course given was one in field commuiiicalioii under combat conditions. (d) The entire corps was given instruction in the elements of physical education and infantry drill. In all 928 men were enrolled in the corps. These include both freshmen and sophomores, all of whom drill three hours a week. Student officers of tlie corps are as follows: Regimental Commanders Colonel Tiieoixiuk .Sander Lieutenant-Colonel Henjamin Ginc old Battalion Commanders Major Karl P. Bi swell Cdiiimaiuliiii; First Battalion Major David Goode Commaiuling Second Battalion Major Orville Henry Commanding Third Battalion [■[■[■■■■■ [■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■lfl«l«l« ' » B 19 20 ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ffl»fl fl«IHflMI«l»l Pate 347 ■ IMIWIWIMIBIHIMIBIBIHIBIBIBIMfflMf IMIM GOPHE.R ■l«flWI»IWIWIMIWIWI«IMIWI«fl«l«IMI ■■■T li GALLAGHER BRIGGS BROS SWEETSER WAITE WANGENSTEEN CARLSON GRIMES EMERY SANDER Scabbard and Blade Fouinlt ' d at H isconsin, 1905 Minnesota, WOli Surt bet of Companies I ' l Mark Alexander Kai mono Bros David Grimes Oswald yatt Louis Gluek Members GRADUATE Anders Carlson 1919 Warren Waite 1920 Charles Wangensteen 1921 Thomas Gallagher 1922 1923 Harvey Ogden Kenneth Briggs George Emery Theodore Sander RissELL Morse Horatio Sweetser Fraternities Honorary Military 1l»l«l»l«flWI«IBIB 19 20 ■l«l«IBIMIHI«l«IWIMI«l»l " l«l«l " l " l " l«IMi " l Page 248 e:l si! M At the Nation s Capitol INNESOTA ' S faculty served in many parts of the world. A number were in France; a few in other European countries; some travelled throughout the United States. A great number aided in solving important war problems while re- maining at the University. Among the most noted of all Minnesota ' s faculty men. perhaps, were those who served the government at Washington. It was civilian ability, largely, that engineered the tremendous problems of the war. Such work demanded, above all, broad and thorough technical training. The following members of the faculty of the University of Minnesota, who were for the most part stationed at ashington. have undeniably rendered service as distinguished as that given by the men of any other Lniversity in the United States. Dean Guy Stanton Ford Dean Guy Stanton Ford, of the Grad- uate School, was director of the Divi- sion of Educational Publications of the Committee of Public Information. In this capacity he had more to do than any other man in enlightening the peo- ple of this and all other countries with the aims of the United States in the war and in disseminating information relat- ing to the activities of the country as the war progressed. Under his direction more than fortv pamphlets were issued, with a circulation in the English lan- guage alone of about 5. 000.000. A number of these pamphlets were also translated and sent into foreign lands, [n all. more than 300 men, practically all of whom were University men. served uiuler Mr. Ford, whose bureau was one of the largest and most important of the Committee of Public Information. Mr. Ford returned to the University in Janu- ary. 1919. after twenty months of ser- vice. ai»i»i»iwi«i«i«i»l» 1 9 20 ■lMi«i«fiwi»i»r«iMi»i»i»i»iwiBW ' «i " ' J »Jj Page 250 ■ ■■[■■■■■■■■■l«fl«l«rMIBI«IMI«l«IWCWIW COPHEJ ■IMflMIHIMIWII •IHIMII iiBiMiaiaiai IT (illacc ! oti ' st ' in Profe or Wallace Notestein of the History Department is a member of the American Peace Uelepation. anil also a Chief of Division. Mr. Notestein has been active in government service since the summer of 1917. when he went to Washington, D. C. on the Committee of Public Information. In Januarv. 191o. Mr. NotesteiTi went to work for wliat is known as " Tlie (Colonel House Inquiry ' a group of men organized at first by Colonel House and later working under the State Depart- ment, studying problems connected with the terms of peace. He was summoned to Paris in January. 1919. E. Dana Diirand Professor E. Dana Durand. of the Economics Department, left the Univer- sity in April, 1917. He was first sta- tioned at Chicago, where he had charge of the buying of all meat for the Allied armies. In May, 1918, he was trans- ferred to London. During the summer of 1918 he made an investigation of the crops of England. France, and Italy. He is now with the Allied Food Conunissioii with headquarters in London and Paris. Roy G. Blakey Roy G. Blakey. associate professor of Economics, was called to ashinglon in August, 1918, to serve as economist and trade specialist with the War Trade Board. Until December 3, 1918, he held this position, when he became associate director of the Economics Section of the Savings Division ( War Loan Organiza- tion! of the Treasury Department. Professor John H. Gray Professor John H. Gray, formerly a member of the Department of Eco- nomics, was commissioned Lieutenant Colonel, United States Army, General Staff, Division of Purchase, Storage and Traffic, October 19, 1918. He was as- signed as a member of the General Board of Appraisers of the War Depart- ment. This board had llic duly of fi in r the value on all properly taken by the War Department by sovereign power. I pon his release January 3, 1919, Mr. Gray returned to his former position in the Bureau of alualion of tiie Interstate Commerce Commission. Dean If . R. Vance Dean W . !!. ance of the College of Law is the Acting (Counsel for the Legal Division of the War Risk Insurance Bu- reau in Washington, D. C. All litiga- tion for insurance of a L ' nited States soldier or sailor goes through this office, where Dean ance is the legal authority. W . E. Hotchkiss Professor Willard E. Hotchkiss, head of the Department of Economics, served in an important capacity with the U. S. Shipping Board. He was instrumental in settling a number of labor disputes in the state of Washington and in various shipyards. C. J. Posey During the past summer and aulunin Mr. C. J. Posey of the Department of Geology has been one of the research experts in the Bureau of Research of the War Trade Board at Washington, D. C. A part of the work was devoted to the preparation of data for the Peace Conference. B- . C. Smiley W. C. Smiley, instructor in Business Law Extension Division, is a major in the Intelligence Bureau of the War De- partment. Other men serving the Government include F. R. McMillan, assistant pro- fessor of Structural Engineering, and F. F. Grout, professor of Geology, who are both members of the I nited States Shipping Board; W. W. Cumberland, assistant professor of Agricultural Eco- nomics, who is a member of the War Trade Board: M. B. Lagaard, instructor in Experimental Engineering, who is in the Emergency Fleet Cor])oration; and A. C. Pulling, law librarian for the Judge Advocate General ' s office. ■ ■■■■■i«i«i«iMi«i«wiwi«i»i«i«f ' " ' « ' ' " ' " 1 9 20 ■fi«iwf ' « ' » ' «f ' " ' i " ' ' " ' " ' » ' " ' " ' «i Page 251 i!JgiHigL ' ' ' ' ' " ' " ' " W ' " ' " i« ' «iwi«iw GOPHELR ■■■■■fiMfninM ■ ■(■■■iBiaiHiaiaiMiaiBiBi MAC DOUGALL MAC GIBBON ZIMMERMAN WHITE Page 252 ■ ■■IWflMIWIMIBIMIMIBIWIMIMIBIMIHI IWIH COPHE.R ■IMIW ' WIW ' MIWH iiHiBiaiBiaiaiBiHiaiHi Base Hospital Major S. Mfir.v IT liitc Major S. Marx White was cliief of tlie Meilical Service of Base Hospital 26. and Chairman of the Disability lioanl. He was also president of the Board ol Promotion in the hospital, and for the Hospital Center at AUerey. Base Hospi- tal 26 had as many as 2,200 beds at one time. Dr. Wliite began service at AUerey on July 20. 1918. and left for the United States in December. He was one of the first hundred medical officers returned because ol the need ot the medical schools in this country. Major J. C. Slalry Dr. J. C. Staley is a member ol the staff of Base Hospital No. 26, and as a major in the army was made chief of Surgical Service in the Hospital. Upon the return of Lieutenant Colonel A. A. Law, Major Staley was placed in com- mand. Captain II. R. Zininnrnian Captain H. B. Zimmerman is super- vising surgeon of the Stall ol Base Hos- pital No. 26. Major Hillidiii li Doiifidll Major William McDougall is an en- listed man who received his commission as first lieutenant in April, 1917. After spending five months at Fort McPher- son, Georgia, he was sent overseas a s a captain. He, too. is stationed at Al- lerev with Base Hospital 26. and has been made a detachment commander of the unit. He also has charge of the un- loading of all wounded men l)rought in. On March 11. Captain McDougall was promoted to major. Major Moses Barron Major Moses Barron, assistant profes- sor of Pathology and Bacteriology, joined the Base Hospital as a first lieu- tenant. While at Fort McPherson he was promoted to the rank of captain, and on arrival in France became di- rector of laboratories of the Hospital Center at AUerey, organizing the labor- atories in the different units of that cen- ter. He was later made editor of the History of the Center, followed by pro- motion to the rank of major. Captain E. E. MacGibhon Another member of the Base Hos- pital 26 is Captain E. E. MacGibbon. After enlisting in April, 1917, Dr. jMac Gibbon was sent to Chicago to take a four-week course in oral and plastic surgery. In December, he reported w ith the Base Hospital at Atlanta. Georgia, and has remained with them in France. In September he was appointed consul- tant in oral surgery for the entire AUerey hospital center. Dr. C. A. Reed, professor of Surgery, is a captain in the Base Hospital. Dr. Carl Fisher and Dr. R. D. Mussey. as- sistant professors in the Mayo Founda- tion, are captains; and Dr. W. W. Bissell and Dr. A. B. Moore, also assistant jiro- fessors with the Mayo Foundation, are first lieutenants. Page 253 ligAiiiiDiMiaiBll ■ miwiafiMi«i«iMiaiiMiMi,iMi,iM,„M,, GOPHELR ■■■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■fiwiaiwiwii MACME BLAKE MORRIS . [■[■laiMIMialB 1 9 20 ■flBI«IBIBIMIB|MlMIBI»f »fl«IBIWI«l«ll Page 254 ■ IWIWI«l«IWI«l«f WI«MI«l«IWIMIMIMIMIW CQpHER ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' » ' ■ ' ' ' Medical Officers Lieutenant Colonel L. B. lidliiuin Since January, 1918. Lieutenant Col- onel L. B. Balfhvin has jjeen in the Hospital Di ision of the Surgeon Gen- eral ' s Oflice. Dr. Baldwin is the super- intendent of the I iiiversilv Hospilal. Major li ill mar ( ' .. Rutlierford Dr. W. C. Rutherford is a Major in the Medical Corps, who wa made Di- rector of Field Hospitals. KWth Sani- tary Train. 34th Division. Major Ru- therford attended the Sanitary School at Langres. France, and was later Regi- mental Surgeon. 16lh Infantry. 1st Di- vision. He was in the hattle of Ar- gonnne and Meuse. antl received his honorable discharge in January. 1919. Major A. T. Mann -Major A. T. Mann was Chief Surgeon at the Base Hospital at Camp Dodge, where he served until ordered to Camp Crane. Pennsylvania. Following the ar- mistice. Majo r Mann was sent to the Surgical Service Reconstruction Hospi- tal at Fort Snelling. where he remained until February. 1919. Major J. F. Corbett Major John F. Corbett is a surgeon in the United States Army General Hos- pital No. 11. which is stationed at Cape May. New Jersey. Major Rae T. La J ake Dr. Rae T. La ake is a member of the Medical Reserve who was promoted from Captain to Major. He is now in France with the motor hospital which operates at the front, furnishing first relief to the front line trenches. Major Emil A. Geist Major E. S. Geist, instructor in .lui- gerv at the University, ' was also a mem- iier of the Meiliial Kc?cr e. Dr. Geist was first stationed at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, and later at Fort Sam Hous- ton. Texas, where he had charge of or- diopedic schools. Captain Francis G. Blake As an officer in the Medical Reserve Corps. Captain I ' rancis G. Blake, at ihat time a lieutenant, was stationed at Fort Sam Houston. Texas. During March and April of 191i) he served as assistant chief ol the Medical Service. Captain Blake was later de- tailed to the Ami) .Medical School, Washington, D. C, for experimental in- vestigation. Captain John S. Mamie Another medical man serving in this country is Capt. J. S. Macnie. He is at the head of the Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Department of the Ihiited States Army Debarkation Hospital No. 2, Fox Hills. Staten Island. N. Y. Dr. Fred L. Adair Dr. Fred L. Adair of the College of Medicine sailed August 7. 1918. for Paris, as a gynecologist for the Ameri- can Red Cross. He has since worked at Bologne. Calais. Ypres. and in other surrounding villages, especially at Cour- trai, Belgium. Here he was in hospital work for six weeks. Later Dr. Adair went to Paris, where he organized seven prenatal clinics. Lieutenant .1 . It arren Bell From June. 191o. until November 11, Lieutenant John Warren Bell, formerly of the College of Metlicine. was with his brigade in the front lines at the second defense of Amiens. Since April. ]9]!1. Lieutenant Bell has been with the o6th Army Brigade. Royal Field Artillery of llie British Expeditionary Forces, as a ■ i»i»i»i«i»i»i»iw«««i»i»i»i«f ' » ' " ' « ' « ' W 19 20 ■■■■■■■iBiai»i«iwiMi«i»i " ' » ' HiHi» ' W ' ' | ' ' Page 255 rMiwiwi«iwi«i»i»i«iMi«iwiMiMiMi«iwiMi«ia GOPHER ■■■■■ffiwiwiwi»iw ' wiwiwiwi«i« ' W ' " ' physician. He is now with the same brigade at Charleroi, Belgium. Major J. P. Sedgwick Dr. J. P. Sedgwick of the College of Medicine spent five months in France aiding in the organization of the Chil- dren ' s Bureau of the American Red Cross. He left New York on July 21, 1917. His official titles were (ij Di- rector of the Pediatric Unit, American Red Cross; (2 1 Major. American Ex- peditionary Forces, American Red Cross: (3 I Directeur L ' Asile-Caserne du Luxembourg, appointed bv Prefet Mir- man of the Department Meurthe et Mo- selle. On arriving in France, Major Sedg- wick, with his two assistants. Captains Durand and Pearce. went to the war zone near Toul. There he took charge of the young children from the villages in the Department Meurthe et Moselle. All cliiiiiren under seven years had been ordered back away from their homes as they were too young to wear gas masks. They were cared for in an in- stitution called L ' Asile-Caserne du Lux- embourg. This was the first work done bv the Children ' s Bureau of the American Red Cross in France. With this insti- tution as a center dispensaries were es- tablished thruout the Department. Captain Franklin P. Wright Captain F. P. Wright of the Medical Reserve was stationed at Camp Custer, Michigan. There he had charge of the Dermatology and Venereal Disease De- partment. Captain Wright was released from service after an attack of influenza. Captain R. E. Morris Dr. R. E. Morris was an examiner in the Aviation Section, serving at Camp Lewis. Washington. He was with the Minnesota troops at Camp Cody during the pneumonia epidemic. As a first lieutenant, Dr. Morris established a car- diac school at Fort Riley. He was made a captain in the summer of 1918. and was ready for overseas service when ill- ness compelled him to return home. Captain Morris was on duty with the S. A. T. C. until December. Lieutenant John Steele Abbott Lieutenant John Steele Abbott was in the dugouts at the time of the German offensive on March 21, and was taken prisoner on that day-. He remained in camps at illingen and Tuchel until re- leased in December. Lieutenant Abbott was commissioned in the United States and went overseas in June. 1917. After being released from prison he volun- teered for further work and was later with Base Hospital No. .50 in France. He is a member of the Chi Psi frater- nity, and a former instructor in the Col- lege of Medicine. Captain Paul F. Brown Captain Paul F. Brown was regimen- tal surgeon of the 361st Infantry, Amer- ican Expeditionarv Forces. The 361st is one of the regular army regiments and was stationetl at Bellaine. France. Captain Brown is a former instructor in tiie College of Medicine. Other members of the College of Medicine who are now officers in the Medical Reserve are Captain John But- ler, assistant professor of Dermatology; Captain W. C. Cole, instructor in Sur- gery; Major Paul B. Cook, instructor in Dermatology: Lieutenant P. W. Giessler, instructor in Surgerv: Lieu- tenany A. T. Henrici, assistant professor of Pathology; Lieutenant Max Scham, instructor of Pediatrics; Major L. B. Wilson of the Mayo Foundation: A. R. Hall, assistant professor of Medicine, who is doing war service in England: and W. R. Ramsey, associate professor of Pediatrics, who is with the Red Cross in France. »l»l«l»fl»l«l«IWI«l»l» 19 20 ■■■[■[■[■IMIMI»IWI«IWIBI»l«IWI«l«ll Page 256 |g ■[■■■■■[■[■iMiBiaiBiBiBci,ci,,„,i„, GOPHEIR ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■leiwiMiwfiM •■■■■■[■■■I Rl ' THEHfORD SEDGWICK iinow ABBOTT ■ ■■■■i«i»i«i«iMiMfi«fiwi»i»i«i«i«iBiMi«iB I 9 20 ■laiaiaiaraiBi I BELL ADAIR ■ iMiBiniaiaiaiBii Pale 1ST , ' ' " " " " ' " ' " " " ' ' " ' ' ' ' ' GOPHEJ ■ ■■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■iwi»iwiwiwi«i«iwiHiMi» « ' m REYNOLDS RAMAKER ZISKIN PARKER HENRY ANDERSON FLAGSTAD siiBiBiBiBiB I 9 20 ■laiaraiHiBiBiaiaiBiMiBtaiaiMiaiHiHiaiaiHi Page 258 ■ flWIBIMIBIWflBIWIHIBIBflWfflMIMIW GOPHER ■■■■■■■ ■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' Dental Officers Livutcnant R. E. Ramukvr The Lniversily of Minnesota fiii- nisheii men for other liase hospitals tliaii its own. Lieutenant K. E. Kaniaker uas with the IniversitN oi Minnesota Army Training Detachment from June 15 to September 8. 1918. From here he went to Fort Benjamin Harrison. Indiana, and later sailed to France with the American Expeditionary Forces. He is now a member of the Base Hospital No. 10.5. stationed at Kerhoun Hospital Cen- ter. Brest. France. His work consists in dealing with plastic surgery, fractures, and similar cases. Lieutenant Carl O. Flagstad Lieutenant Carl 0. Flagstad reported for duly at the Dunwoody Institute Training Detachment stationed at the est Hotel in Minneapolis on June 15. Intil December 27. when he received his honorable discharge, he attended to the dental needs of the detachment. Lieutenant Daniel E. Ziskin Lieutenant Daniel E. Ziskin. of the Dentistry College, was commissioned in December, 1917, and reported for duty at Camp Custer, Michigan, as a mem- ber of the Dental Reserve Corps. Lieutenant Ziskin received his honor- able discharge December 4. 1918. Lieutenant Bert G. Anderson Lieutenant Bert G. Anderson, instruc- tor of Prosthetic Dentistry, received a commission as lir.-t Lieutenant in tlie Medical Officers ' Training Camp at ( " amp Greenleaf, Georgia, where he re- mained until his discharge in December. 1918. Lieutenant Paul S. Parker A L niversity of Minnesota man had charge of the dental work for the sol- diers at the University of Minnesota Ag- ricultural College. Lieutenant Paul S. Parker received his commission in Au- gust. 1917. but was not called into ser- vice until June. 1918. He received his honorable discharge in December. Lieutenant R. R. Henry Although his hospital was bombed twice in the battle of Argonne. Lieuten- ant R. R. Henry, member of the Dental Reserve Corps, was not injured. Lieu- tenant Henry was sent to Fort Ogle- thorpe in March. 1918. and then to Camp L pton. whence he sailed for France, arriving in Brest in August, 1918. His unit was Evacuation Hospi- tal Xo. 22. located at Joinville. France. Lieutenant G. ff . Reynolds Lieut. G. . Reynolds attended the Medical Officers ' Training Camp at Greenleaf. Georgia. Part of his train- ing was military and part a study of im- portant dental subjects. Lieutenant Reynolds received his honorable dis- charge December 18. 1918. •■(■iBiBiBiBtaiaiaiaiHiBiBiBiBiBiaiiBiaiaiB I 9 20 ■i»i«f ■■ ' ■■■i«iwiaiwf» ' wiW ' « « ' «i«ffi Patt 259 |BI»ffl»IBIWIMIHI«|MIW|«|M|MIBIMIB|MIMIM COPHEJR ■■■■■■■■■■■■■l»I WI«IWIMI«IWI«IWIMI ■!■! STOMBERG Civilian Service Professor A. A. Stomberg When the Third Liberty Loan Drive began, Professor A. A. Stomberg of the Department of Scandinavian Languages was made head of the Liberty Loan Ex- ecutive Committee for the Ninth Feder- al Reserve District. From January to May, he traveled through the states from Michigan to Montana, making speeches and organizing the work for the Liberty Loan. In June Mr. Stomberg was made a member of the National Service Section of the Shipping Board of New York. He toured the country east of Iowa, mak- ing speeches in factories, ship yards, and manufacturing establishments engaged in ship building. He also addressed civil associations in many cities. His audiences varied in size from 10 to 13,- 000. Mr. Stomberg returned to the Llni- versity in October, 1918. Professor F. P. Leavenworth Professor F. P. Leavenworth was in charge of the United States Navigation School in Duluth from July to Septem- ber, 1917, and from February to April, 1918. He also taught Air Navigation and Deep Sea Navigation in S. A. T. C. courses at the University of Minnesota in 1918. Dr. George A. Bauer With the coming of the War Savings Stamp campaign, the mathematics de- partment lost one of its leading mem- bers. In March, 1918. Dr. George N. Bauer, professor of mathematics, left the LTniversity and became state chair- man of the War Savings Societies. In this capacity he traveled extensively throughout the state, giving addresses before numerous assemblies to promote the sale of War Savings Stamps. A. E. Koenig A. E. Koenig, of the German Depart- ment, has been in the service of the gov- ernment serving in several capacities. He was official Red Cross lecturer for the Nortliern Division, covering more than three lunulred communities, speak- ing in l»otli German and English. He was also a member of the Speakers ' Di- vision of the Committee on Public In- formation, member of the Liberty Loan Campaign Committee, and official lec- turer for the Treasury Department. He served as a member of the Legislative Advisorv Board for some time. Mr. Koenig is still in the . M. C. A. service. ■laiHiBiBiaiBiaiaiiaiBiBlllJS 20 ■■■■■■■■■■■i»i»fiaiaiw ' " ' aiwi " iBf ' « ' »i»i Page 260 ■■■iwfi«iBi«i«i«i«iwMi«i«i«i«iwi«i«f GOPHER ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' iiaii Chemists Dviin I.. I) . Jones Dean L. W . Jones worked from June, 1918. until December, as chief of the Research Section for Offensive Work in Gas. His work consisted in finding not only the formulas of the German gases in order to manufacture them, but also of inventing new and better gases. The Americans were successful in discover- ing several new gases, but these were being saved for the expected spring drive of 1919. Major R. A. Baker Major Baker is in the Chemical War- fare Service, and is stationed at the I nited Slates Gas School at Camp Ken- drick. New Jersey. Here he has charge of men for overseas service in various stages of gas warfare. Captain F. W. Bliss Another Minnesota member of the Chemical Warfare Division is Captain F. ' . Bliss. He was chief gas officer at Camp Crane, Allentown. Pennsyl- vania, from February to June, when he went to Camp Dodge in the same ca- pacitv. In October he was transferred to the office of the gas training station in ashington. Major Strrliiiji Temple Major Temple was first commissioned captain in the Ordnance Department and later made a major in the Chemical Warfare Service. He assisted in de- signing a plant for the manufacture of gas and for five months was placed in charge of that plant at Edgewood Ar- senal, Maryland. Major Temple re- ceived his honorable discharge in Jaim- ary and is now a research chemist in New Jersey. G. R. McDale Mr. G. R. McDale. prior to his enlist- ment was instructor in the Soils Depart- ment at the College of Agriculture. He at first entered the Gas and Flame Division and for a time was stationed at Washington; but upon reaching France was transferred to laboratory work in the Chemical Warfare Service. Engineers S. C. Shipley S. C. Shipley, assistant professor of Machine Construction, and superinten- dent of shops, was given a leave of ab- sence from the University in February, 1917. He has been acting as chief en- gineer for the Dubbe-Detroit Motor Company, a firm engaged on govern- ment contracts. In June he returned to the University to superintend the United States Army Automobile Training School. W. H. Richards W. H. Richards, as an instructor in the Engineering College, trained the Dunwoodv men who attended classes at the Universitv. Captain F. B. Rowley Captain Row lev was a professor of Auto Mechanics, Junior Training Camp, Plattsburg, New York, from June to September. 1918. He was also assistant superintendent of United States Army Training Detachment, University of Minnesota. J. I . Martenis When the call came for men to fill positions as second class machinist mates, the University of Minnesota was one of the first to offer training for such men. J. V. Martenis of the Department of Mechanical Engineering was in charge of the operations of the various liranches of naval work at the Univer- -ilv. ffi» »fi«fi«ffi«fi« ' ' « ' » ' ' " ' ' " ' " 19 20 Mfff ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ' ' ' Pate 261 ■ l»IWflMiaiMIWl«l«iaiB|H|«|MIMIM|BIMIMIB GOPHEJ ■■■■■IWI»l«IWIWIMflWI»IWIWIMIWIMIMII Faculty in Uniform Major George iSorton ISorthrop .Major George Norton Northrop, now chief intelligence officer of the Third Di- vision, is with the Army of Occupation in Germany. He sailed in August. 1918. after spending one year at Camp Dodge. Major Northrop attended the Plattsburg Camp in 1916, and the First Officers ' Training Camp at Fort Snelling. in 1917, where he received a commission as first lieutenant. He was formerlv as- sistant professor of English. Captain Hardin Craig One of the first men to enter the First Officers " Training Camp, Fort Snelling. Minnesota, was Professor Hardin Craig of the English Department, wlio left the University May 14. 1917. He was com- missioned as second lieutenant. Ouarter- master Corps, National Army, and was sent to Camp Dodge in .August. In De- cember he went to Camp Joseph E. John- ston. Florida, and was next assigned to office duty in Washington. D. C. Mr. Craig was later reassigned to Camp Johnston as instructor for both officers and enlisted men. He was appointed first lieutenant. Quartermaster Corps. National . rmy. in May. 1918: in Julv was made a captain, and became di- rector of the Officers ' Training School. Captain Craig was later sent to Washing- ton to write a history of training in the Quartermaster Corps to be used by the War College. Captain E. A. Hoorn Another Minnesota facultv member who entered the First Officers " Training Camp al Fort Snelling was E. A. aiLHI»l«l»l»l-«l»lW 1 9 20 ■laiaiBIBIBIBiBIBIBIBrBiaiHiaiBIBIBiaiaiMI Page 262 ■[■■■■■[■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■iw GOPHELR ■fi«i«iwi« ' wiMi« ' W ' " iM ' " iw ' " ' « ' ' ' " ' " ' Hoorn. In June he wa. connnissioiied second lieutenant in the Coast Artillery Corps and sent to Fortress Monroe, Vir- ginia. In August he was sent to Fort illiams. Maine, where he was pro- moted to the rank of first lieutenant. From there Lieutenant Hoorn went abroad and attended an artillery school in France, and remained in Angero, France, as an instructor in the Heavy Artillery School. He was made a cap- tain in November. 1911!. Cuptitin Raynioiul I ' hcldn Dr. Ravmond 1). Fhelan is a captain in the Quartermaster Corps. He is also a member of the Salvage Service and since Julv has been travelling about various camps in France, studying the economic value of salvage work. Captain E. H. Sirirh E. H. Sirich of the Romance Language Department is a captain in the Ordnance Department. Until last March he was stationed in Washington as liason officer to the French High Commission. Since March he has been in Tours. France, in the capacitv of translator and interpre- ter. Captain Sirich translated Lansing ' s peace note. Sergeant S. C Burton Sergeant S. C. Burton, instructor in freehand drawing, enlisted with the Canadian Engineers in July, 1918. His headquarters were at St. Jean. Quebec. In recognition of his ability as a paint- er, he was given a private studio and appointed official artist. His last work consisted of a life size portrait of his commanding officer. Colonel Melvin. Lieutenant-Colonel E. S. Thiirsloii Professor E. S. Thurston, who re- ceived a captaincy in the first Officers ' Training Camp at Fort Snelling. is a lieutenant colonel in the Judge Advo- cate General ' s Department and is now stationed with the American Ex|)edition- arv Forces at Archangel. Russia. Lieutenant John T. Tate Mr John T. Tate of the Physics De- partment is now a first lieutenant in the Signal Corps. He has been doing scien- tific research work for this department in Washington, and has been to almost everv aviation cam]) in the country. Lieutenant H. Skugerberg Lieutenant Rutcher Skagerberg at- tended the School of Aeronautics at the University of Illinois. He was later transferred to Kelly Field, San Antonio, Texas. Lieutenant Skagerberg has been stationed at various fields, including the Boston School of Technology. Lieutenant H. D. Myers Howard D. Myers left the I ' niversity in May, 1917, to attend the Engineer Officers ' Training Camp at Fort Snel- ling. In June he was sent to I ' ort Leav- enworth. Kansas, where he received his commission of second lieutenant. After being sent to Camp Zachary Taylor, Kentucky, and Camp Trairs, Texas, Lieutenant Myers went to France with the 507th Engineers. Captain M. B. Chittick Captain Alartin B. Chittick. formerly an instructor in the College of Chemis- try and later in the College of Medicine, was called to Washington in 1917, where he was commissioned first lieutenant in the Gas Service. Later he was assigned to a company of engineers, with which organization he was sent to France. Here he was on active duty on all the American sectors and won his commis- sion as captain. Information has now been received lor more than ninety per cent of the faculty men in uniform. W. M. Booth- In . instructor in Chemistry, is a Captain in the Signal Corps. C. P. Bull, pro- fessor of Agronomy, is a captain in the Reconstruction L ' nit in Serbia. E. C. Crane, instructor in Agricultural En- ■ IMI»l«iaiBI«l«l»l«i«f ' " l " ' « ' " ' »l " ' " ' " ' 19 20 ■I 1WI«IBIBI«I«IWIMIWI»I " I«I« ' «I«IWI«IMI " I Page 263 ■ I«IWIWI»IBI«I«I«I«I«I1IWIBI«IBI»I»IWIHI« GOPHER ■■■ ' ■ ■■ ' ■ ' ■li ■ ■IBiaiBIBIMII gineering. is first lieutenant in the En- gineers " Reserve. Nelson Coburn, in- structor in the Romance Languages de- partment, is a first lieutenant overseas. M. E. Haggerty, professor of Education, is a major in the Psychological Service. R. C. Jones, professor of Architecture, is a first lieutenant in a Camouflage Unit. L. W. McKeehan, assistant pro- fessor of Physics, is a first lieutenant in the Naval Reserve. G. A. Manev, in- structor in Engineering, is in the Fores- try Division. Henry T. Moore, assistant professor of Psychology, is a lieutenant in the Psychological Service. H. D. Meyers, instructor in Engineering, is a lieutenant in the Engineers ' Reserve. John T. Stewart, professor of Agricul- tural Engineering, is a lieutenant-colo- nel in the Engineers ' Reserve. A. L. Underhill, assistant professor of Mathe- matics, is a captain in the Coast Artil- lery. A. C. James served in an im- portant civilian capacity at Washington; and later as a member of the arniv. was on the psychological board at Camp Meade, Marvland. W omen in W ar Service Dr. Anna Phelan Dr. Anna Helmholtz Phelan is a member of the Advisory Committee. Women ' s Auxiliary, Council of Nation- al Defense, and Minnesota Public Safe- ty Commission. She was appointed by Mrs. T. G. Winter, chairman, to repre- sent the University. Dr. Phelan was al- so on the State Speakers ' Bureau for Patriotic Education. Council of National Defense, which is carrying on American- ization work. Together with Mrs. C. G. Stevens. Mrs. Phelan wrote a patriotic pageant for this work. Miss Mildred Weigley Miss Mildred Weigley. assistant pro- fessor of Home Economics, and acting chief of the department, was in charge of the Home Economics Division of the Federal Food Administration for Min- nesota, and chairman of the Food Con- servation work of the omens Commit- tee of the Council for National Defense for Minnesota. Miss Weigley is also a member of the L niversity Economy Committee. Miss Estelle Cook Miss Estelle Cook, instructor of En- glish at the School of Agriculture, has charge of the . W. C. A. canteen in Arcadia. Florida, where her work has been a great success. Men who have w ritten back tell how her work has made camp life much more pleasant. Miss Joscphini ' Berry Miss Josephine Berry, professor of Home Economics, was one of the women of the L niversity faculty who received an early call to go to Washington to do war service. She was summoned on the Federal Board for ocational Training. Her duties with that organization took her among the leaders of the Women ' s Council of National Defense. The University gave her a leave of absence for this work, for the period of the war. After the signing of the armis- tice, at the urgent request of the Wash- ington authorities, she res igned her post here to assume a permanent place with the ocational Training Board. uaiBiaiBiaiBlB 19 20 ■i»i«i»i«iHi«iwi« ' " ' » ' »i " ' » ' " ' " f ' ' i» ' » ' Page 264 S. A . 1. O. il»iWIMI«l«flHIMIMIMIHiafl«IMI» GOPHER ■l»flWIWI«l«IMIWI«IWIWIWI«l«l«l«l« ' " l«l AUTHORIZATION of the establishment of a unit of the Student Armv Training Corps was received by the University of Minnesota in September from the War Department. The committee on its organization was as follows: Dkan E. E. Nicholson G. H. Hayes . . Dr. R. 0. Beard . H. A. HiLDEBRANDT Dean J. R. Allen 1. H. FoRSVTHE . A. B. HITE . . Regional Director for Minnesota, loua. North Dakota. Soiitli Dakota, . ebraska Mess and Kitchen Equipment Barracks Equipment Repairs ami Plumbing Auxiliary Buililings and Heating Floor Plans Recreation and Entertainment Director of If ar Aims Courses All S. A. T. C. students were classed as privates in the I nited States Army and given all consequent allowances and pay. The entire corps was divided into two divisions: Section A. the Collegiate: and Section B. the ocational. Those in the latter division were given training from April 8 to December 21 at the Engineering College and at the University Farm. In all there were 1.629 men in this group. The total enrollment of those in Section A. which included all who had prerequisites for college work, was as follows: Army War Piogiam 1481 Engineering 669 Law 46 Medicine 230 Dentistry 244 Pharmac 74 Mines 56 Chemistry 91 Graduate 6 Unclassed Total 2897 " avv Marines Total ,37 74 1592 77 746 1 47 2 232 13 1 258 1 ID 6 1 63 8 1 100 6 1 1 144 79 3120 laiBiBi 1 9 20 ■■■[■iMfiBi«iwiWfi»i " i " fiwi " i " ™ ' «i " i i Page 266 ■ [■■■■■[■[■■■■■■■■■■■IWflMIBiaiWIMIMIM COPHELR ■l«l«l«l«l«IWIWIWIW ' «f " ' WI ' » ' M ' « ' " " UNDER orders from the War Department the school year was divided into quarters. Men of the collegiate section were separated into three groups accord- ing to age. All men 20 years old were to be called out at the end of the first quarter, in December: those 19 years old. at the end of the second quarter, in March; and those 18 years old, at the end of the third quarter, in June. Men under I ' d years old were admitted if they paid for accommodations. No one over 21 years old was admitted. The opening of school was delayed several times in order to complete all arrange- ments. Induction was finally begun October 9. Women and civilian students were not admitted until two weeks later. hovve er. because of liie influenza e]iidemic. The men of the army were housed in the Exposition Building on East Hennepin Avenue, the Maxwell on Twenty-fifth Avenue Southeast, and the Main Engineering Building. Those in the naval and marine units were stationed in Pillsbury Hall. Mess was furnished in the Exposition Building for the men of those barracks, while for the others mess was furnished at the Minnesota L nion. The Psi Upsilon house was taken over for officers ' quarters. The Alpha Delta Phi house was transformed into medical headquarters. The Chi Psi and the Theta Delta Chi houses were given over to the Students ' Health Service. The Phi Kappa Psi house was made into a Hostess House. The Sigma Nu, Delta Upsilon, Sigma Phi Epsilon. Sigma Alpha Epsilon, and Phi Gamma Delta houses were made into Sanford annexes and coo])erative cottages. Major Ralph R. Adams of New York City was placed in charge. Later he was also given command of the Dunvvoody unit. He was succeeded in November by Major E. E. Wheeler, formerly a practicing lawyer of New York City. Major Wheeler was a graduate of Harvard University and the Columbia Law School. He had been commissioned a captain at Plattsburg and was later promoted. Before coming to Minnesota he had been a district inspector and later commandant at Cornell. The S. A. T. C. continued until December 21. 1918. Approximately 30 per cent of the men returned to the University as regular students during the second quarter. i«i«i«i«i»i«iMi«i«i«i«i«i«i»i» ' « ' »i " ' " i " ' " 1 9 20 ■i«fniMi«i»i«iwi«fi» ' «i«f ' « ' « ' W ' « ' " i " ' Pate 267 IIBfl»l»l«IMIMIMI«flHWI«IMI»IMIWIBIWIM COPHEJ ■[■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IMIMI ■■■■■■■[■I FIRST ROW— FERGES. FAIT, BRANHAM. SEALE. BOWAB. ELMEN, ESTES, LEBO. BOYD, STERNS SECOND ROW— SHEDD. SHEEHY. ELLINGTON. FIN ' LEY, E. T, EVANS, FINCH, FINDEISS, FAVROT, KELLY, SELLAR. HARRIS. ELLSWORTH. .M. M. EVANS. SMITH, FARWELL. McKINNEY THIRD ROW— JOHNSON, LOSS. MARSHALL, KASMARK. WILSON. McMAHON, DeCOSTA. ADAMS. PIKE. RODOLF, Ml LEAN, WITT. SEELMAN, ZIM.MER.VIAN, COOK Officers of Student Army Training Corps Headquarters Staff l«i !i; ■ i Major Ralph R. Aoams Major Ernest E. Wheeler . Captain S. T. Pike . . . . Captain Olaf J. Jorcenson Captain N. P. Bentley First Lieutenant Scott Cook First Lieutenant Roy G. Harris First Lieutenant P. S. Parker First Lieutenant W. S. Sellman First Lieutenant McKeriel Rodolf Lieutenant W. N. Kasmark Lieutenant E. J. Witt .... Second Lieutenant Gannus V. Fait Second Lieutenant B. H. Smith, Jr. Second Lieutenant A. Zimmerman Second Lieutenant S. S. DeCosta Second Lieutenant G. P. McMahon Second Lieutenant W. P. McLean Commanding Officer Commanding Officer Assistant to Communding Officer Assistant to Commanding Officer Medical Offi :er Medical Officer Exchange Officer Dental Officer Tactical Officer Adjutant Commanding Naval Unit Commanding Marine Unit Personnel Adjutant Assistant Personnel Adjutant Quartermaster Officer Tactical Officer Assistant Adjutant Assistant Adjutant i ' i .laiaiaiaiMiBiBiBiBiaiaiH 1 9 20 ■■■[■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■i ' " ' ' " ' ' ' " Page 268 ' ■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■iwi«i«i»iBiwfi«iw GOPHEJ ■■■■■■■■■i«i«i«iwfiwiBi«iBfi«i«i«i«f Regiment One First Lieutenant Wells S. Marshall, Commanding Officer Second Lieutenant Max H. Findeiss, Adjutant Second Lieutenant Benjamin Ellsworth, Supply Officer Company Commanders Second Lieutenants Company One Tim L Sellar Company Tiro A. J. Bowab B. H. Smith Tim L Sellar Company Tliree Louis S. Estes Company Four Louis S. Estes Company Five Dwicht C. Ensign Company Six DwiCHT C. Ensign Company Seven Clifford F. Favrot Company Eight John K. McKinnev Company Nine Lee S. Rice Frank T. Farwell Company Ten M. B. Lebo S. W. Seale Company Eleven C. L. Boyd John J. Kelly Company Tivelve John J. Kelly Regiment Tivo First Lieutenant L J. Wilson, Commanding Officer Second Lieutenant H. D. Finch, Adjutant Second Lieutenant Jarvis A. Shedd, Sujiply Officer Company Commanders Second Lieutenants Company One H. D. FiNCH H. M FiNLEY Company Two John D. Sheehy Company Tliree A. . L Ellington Company Four George W. Elmen Company Five Jarvis A. Shedd Company Six AL .NL Evans Battery B E. T. Evans F. T. Farwell Kav Fkhges ■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■•■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IB 19 20 ■l«l«l«l«l«l«IWI» " " " ' »i " ' «l»l«l«l«ffl«l Pate 269 ■ [■[■■■I«IWI»IMI«I«IHIMIMIMIMIMIMI«IWIM GOPHEIR ■ ' ■■■■■ ' • (■■■•■■■■■■■(■II Company One First Regimritt Lieutenant T. M. Sellar, Commandins Officer ISADORE T. AbRAMS Earl C. S. Anderson Elmer W. Anderson Louie E. Banwart Claude R. Bachmann Gradon a. Bachmann Frederick Becker Mahlon J. Babcock . Donald C. Barnard Oscar M. Bergman Howard D. Bailey Arthur G. Bolnen Philip H. Bryan Paul E. Bringcold Arthur E. Baker James H. Bell Gale H. Block Saul T. Burnett David A. Broude Oliver L Berceland Kenneth F. Bbiden Lawrence A. Broms J. L Beckstrand L4RK F. Clarity William C. Cook Clifford 0. Cristopherson Philip C. Carlson Harold W. Carlson George S. Cabot Rodger J. Donnelly Walter H. Davis Lloyd F. Dahl Raymond A. Eklund Emorv 0. Ellingson Harvey L Funk Mario M. Fischer John J. Fick Leon A. Fletcher James T. Gray Samuel M. Gofen Robert F. Gaalaas Henry H. Gregg Herman J. Grabow Robert W. Hubert Owsley J. Henry i;fi H(.f S. Hi ki VI John C. Hagan NoRVAL W. Haddow Sidney R. Hammer Harry S. Holcomb Raymond H. Hardell Harry Haveson William G. Hawker Floyd C. Hooper George D. Hough Ludvig C. Hofmeister B. S. Hamilton Leslie B. Irvin Arnold D. Jude Walter E. Johnson Vurnen L. R. Johnson A. L. Johnson Carl E. Johnson Alvin H. Jahreiss John F. Kelly Herman P. Krautkremer Albert Kingsford Allen D. King Milton T. Kodas (■■■■■■■(■■■■■■■(■■■■■IB 1 9 20 ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■I ■■■ ' ■ ' ■! ■ ' Ml ' ' ' ' ' Page 270 ■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■flBWflMIHIBIBIMIHIM COPHE.R ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' " FiiwK . Kllmp Lestek M. Lund Ernest Lahtinen RlS.-ELL LlNDBERC Clyde L. Labrabee Habry R. Lee KiiBEKT F. Lee Vi ' ABwicK D. McClire Myrle J. McKeon Leslie S. McGillivray Donald M. McCall Francis J. McDonolxh Ralph S. McKay Henry A. - L etzold H. J. MlNTEL Arthi R D. Motley Arthi r J. Molstad Herbert B. Menzel Lolts Mandelstam Sidney L. Morrissey Thomas T. Marchant Philip T. Mosher Francis C. Murphy Wesley R. rELziAN Lionel N ' . Nicholson Edward K. Nelson Clarence N. Ostrum Leslie A. Ogren Floyd J. 0 " Hara Richard P. Olson George S. Olsen Darrell L. Olsen Francis C. Ostrowski Lloyd H. Price Clifford W. Pai lson Harry G. Pliam Leslie J. Peterson Clifford V. Pool Charles H. Platt Howard C. Redlund Rudolph J. Ripple John E. Rowell Harry C. Rendell George C. Rosenberg Leland S. Rackliffe George W. Reding Abraham B. Rosenfield Robertson M. M. Ransom Lawrence T. Robinson Earl L. Sawyer Alfred H. Scheldrup Edmund G. Schober William F. Spracue Arthur C. Sanner Arthur J. Sullivan Arthur E. Stahl Edward J. Schmidt Abe Shapiro Cyril S. Sapero Harry C. E. Scott Donald K. Shoop Clarence A. Strunk Nelson W. Stewart Harold G. Silber Cecil G. Taylor Myrwooi) J. Travis E. W. Thill Harvey G. Thorpe William F. Tessman Neil T. Torgerson Bert Thompson Walter R. Thompson Clifford L. Tallackson Thomas V. Voelker Ernest H. Vigen Arvid T. Victor Glenn A. Westicard Emil a. Wegner Harry R. Wilson Charles A. Wilson John H. Wright OSAIUND H. WiGER Winston D. Youngren Theodore R. Ziesmer Nathan M. Zipperman ■ iBiBiBiBiaiaiBiaiaiMiaiaiBiBiaii !■!■ I 9 20 ■fi«iBiMiaiaiaiwiMiwi»iMiai»ffi«iwiwi«i Pate 271 IMIBIWIMIMIWIWIMIBIMIHIMIBIMIMIMIMIMIMia GOPHER ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■IWIWIMWIMIW ■■■■l»l«l«l ■!■ - 1 - -0 Company Two First Regiment Lieutenant A. T. Bowab, Commanding Officer Lieutenant B. H. Smith, Commanding Officei- Lieutenant T. M. Sellar, Commanding Off icer Erwin H. Altermatt Arnold S. Anderson Julius Abromowitz Arlo F. Ausman Herman C. A. Aaberg Robert S. Dunlop James W. Anderson Malcolm C. Anderson DuANE J. DUTCHER Francis H. Anderson Holland R. DuBeau Murry Ellis GusTAV A. Ekberg William J. Dooley Dana C. Eckenbeck Clarence H. Conner Paul J. J. Barenscher HiLARius H. Berc James C. Desmond Samuel D. Dwobsky John W. Callender GUNNAR A. BeRLUND Gerald H. Culbertson Saul Burnett Edward E. Evans Robert W. Clarke Archie D. Cummincs Ernest H. Bostrom Merville L. Gilmore Ralph J. Carney Donald Candee Clarence J. Becker Elmer G. Hacen Aloysius M. Diebel Edwin E. Dickson George R. Dahlin Raymond D. Fuller Leon N. Hooper Raymond J. Holt NoRRis W. Dahle Robert B. Anderson Roger D. Edwards Alex Himmelman Walter G. Dingle Joseph M. Sweitzer Russell L. Ferguson Robert A. Hansen Mark E. Nesbit Harold P. Haywood Henry C. Jenswold Graham H. Gower Daniel G. Fredeen Alvin R. Johanson John G. Frenzel John S. Gowan Clarence E. Goble Kelvin A. Kasper John T. Galarneault Julius C. Lindley Harry A. Moulton laiaiaiaiaiBiaiaiHiBiaiBiv 19 20 ■l«iBfi«iBiwi»iwi»iBiwi«iwi«iBi»f ' Wi»i Page 272 ■ ■■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWIMIBflHiaiHIHIWIW COPHEJ ■■■■■■■[■■■[■■■■■[■■■[■■■■■■■■■■■IMIBI ALTtR L. FkAHM Henry A. Poehler Lester R. Jihnke Charles E. Johnson Edward A. Lynch Daniel R. Getchell Hymen J. Minter Floyd W. Landes Arthir C. Paulson Byron F. Lindquist Alvin H. Jahreiss John A. Lampi DoicLAs R. Lawrence Clarence E. Mobeck Harold H. Morrill William N. McCrea Oscar H. Miller Edward J. Nelson Kenneth C. Moon William L RKus Clarence A. L thews Edward A. Merrill Arthur O. Otsea Clew W. Nelson Andrew E. Pohlod William A. Olson Carl B. Oistad Lalncelut A. Naish Ralph L. Pearson Allen C. Pfenning Leland F. Petersen John E. Morrison Elmer A. Peterson George E. Neudick Clayte L Paul Odin J. Myhre Charles B. Pavey Samuel S. Rothekberg Eugene P. Simon Oliver O. Rekow Lyle S. Rutherford Norman D. Robertson Marion R. Ringoen Abe S. Rojesky David H. Syme Edwin L. Sylvester Harry Shere Samson Sprung Howard F. Stevens Frank J. Ruemmele Albert L Rodgers George W. Schrupp Laurence J. Sernett William R. Voigt Haiuci I). KlA Herbert A. Schacht Dudley B. Sherman John M. Stokke Cecil G. Smith Samuel L. Tifft Earl L. Vogt John M. Wunderlich George V. Sokolich Robert L. LIppegaard Ervin L. Trueblood Jksse B. Slocumb Ernest C. Werdin Harold F. Sell Louis C. Weber Edwin J. Wohlrabe Grant L. Westerson Irvin F. Zwemke Harlan F. Wheeler Alfred 0. Wiedenmann Ernest H. Wiecking Elmer C. Wicktor Paul Frank Zadach Samuel F. Zierke Niles a. Wedge George B. Wagner Glenn B. Youatt IBiai«l»l»l»l«l»IMI«fl»l»IBI«IWI» ' WI " ' " ' 19 20 ■fl«IWIBIBI«l»l«l»l»l»l " l«IWI«I W ' W ' « ' « ' M Page 273 l»IWIWI«l«l«l«IBIBIBIMIHIBI»fiaiMf IMIB GOPHER ■ ' ■flWIWIWIWI»flWIWI«IWIBIHmiMl»l«l» Hi ' - i ■ a %t •l- ' i ' ■ I Company Three First Regiment Lieutenant Louis S. Estes. Commanding Officer Maurice E. Aker Lloyd C. Anderson Hakry E. Arp Clifford L. Axt William W. Baade Harold Bakke Henry Bank Eugene L. Bergan Selmer Berkelo Ernest Bertles Frank P. Betlach Ernest L. Beyer Claude W. Bierman Leon M. Billings gustaf boman Howard F. Bowers Francis A. Bowman Henry Brandt Blanchard K. Braum Joe C. Budik Sam Bugenstein Morris G. Burcan Arthur M. Calvin Raymond Carlson Paul M. Cameron Earin E. Carpenter Louis V. Chadwick Earl D. Coghill RussEL L Collins Claude T. Conklin James H. Conway Charles V. Covell Howard S. Dale Fred V. Davidson Lyle B. Davis George P. Derrig Walter O. Dille Newton J. Dobson Ray E. Dockstader Fred W. Domr gulford j. doherty- Leonard Downing Edmund D. Dunlap Reginald L. Dunton Henry F. Eaton Allan V. Eddy Henry L Egdahl Virgil D. Elliot Herbert H. Ernest Marion Feegal Albert C. Faeman Philip E. Fischer James M. Foster Ed Frederickson Louis Fruchtman Forest F. Fugle Benjamin Fuller Williamson Gardner Jalmer S. Gletne Max W. Goldberg William Goodsell Meyer Gordon Gerome S. Greenberc Carl S. Gustafson Albert B. Hall Otto Hallum Oscar H. Hauft Alford a. Hass Earl M. Hatch Ralph E. Hawley Harold G. Heckler Robert L. Hedberc V. J. Henley Stanley F. Hessian Westley R. Hiller James A. Ht)iTOMT Albert M. Halmer Sheldon S. Holtz Neil F. Hoyt Harold N. Huldt Desmond B. Hunt aiBiaiaiaiaiaiaiBiBiBiBiBiHiBiHiaia I 9 20 ■laiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiwiaiaiwiaiaiai Page 274 ■ flMIBIMIHflBIBIBIWIBIBIMIHIBfflBIW GOPftELR ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■!■ ' LtO.NAKU I ' . hWiMJ.N Dan»x R. Jacobs Harold P. Jacobson Jay Jacobson August W. Johnson Cabol C. E. Johnson Harold D. Johnson Oscar G. Johnson Edwin A. Kallusky Abraham L. Katz Leonard A. Kayes Walter A. Kintzi Lester L. Knapp Leon J. Knight Harold W. Kragh Mandel Levy George G. Liberg Ernest D. Lendahl George M. Lindell Harold S. Lovold Milton B. Lundquist Raymond H. Lundquist John K. Lynde Lester C. McCarthy Eugene H. McDougall Elmer 0. McGill Jennings B. McHuch Norman M. McIver Herbert D. McKay Harold E. McIntire Nicholas Markin William L. Medalie Ben M. Medof John G. AIli slk Orvtlle J. Merwin Charles R. Miller Nathan Minsky Felix Moses Harold J. Nedrud Oscar D. Nelson Robert O. Nelson Alvin L. Nordstrom Albert J. 0. Laughlin Eugene Ohsberc George T. Olsen Victor M. Olsen Henry A. Paulson Paul A. Peterson Oscar Pollick W. A. Pomije rchie Prechel Morris W. Quigley Joseph Redler F. B. Rappeto L. Renther H. J. Riordan S. RiVKIN E. P. RocoE O. P. Reinkel Griffith K. Salisbury Bert Sanden Earl C. Sanson Charles Sawyer Harold W. Schmitt Fred V. Schradle Ariiii k B. Schlile Henry W. Schwedes Aver S. Sfj,bebg Otto S. Shasky Alvin B. Sheehan Abe R. Sher Emil S. Shern Joseph F. Sherman Benedict A. Shimek Vernon D. Smith John F. Sprafka Charles Staples Linden L. D. Stark Joseph N. Stemper Earl C. Swanson Michael Swinski Frederick Thiers Robert B. Thomas Emmet F. Tiche Francis Van Dyke Roy L Volstad E. S. Weber P. S. Weiberc H. N. Weickert L Weidenbach A. H. Weinert P. W. Wilke L Wilson C. F. Wohlrabe H. D. Wolff E. G. Wolfinson S. A. Yager F. C. Yetter l«IWI»l»l»l«IMIMI»l«l«l«l»l«IWIWI«l«IWI«IB 19 20 »l»l«IHI«l»IWfl«IMIMff flWI«l«l»ffl«l Page 275 [■l»IBIWI«l«l«IBI«flMI«WIMIMIMIBIBIMIMIB GOPHEJ ■ ■■■■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■[■IBIMfl ■■■II Company Four First Regiment Lieutenant Louis S. Estes, Commaiuiins; Officer Samuel Bugenstein Charles Folkestad Louis Fruchtman Alfred A. Hass Patrick F. Haugh Harold G. Heckler Casper E. Helland Stanley- B. Hessian Wesley R. Hiller Thomas F. Hocan James A. Hoitomt Nels a. Homer Harvey Holtz Sheldon H. Holtz Neil F. Hoyt Ezra H. Hutchins Scott F. Hyde Leonard R. Iverson Daniel R. Jacob Harold Jacobson Keith K. Keller Leonard Johnson Oscar Johnson Wesley H. Johnson William E. Johnson Victor E. Jones Floyd C. Kallberc Edwin A. Kalluski Frederick A. Kallusky Abraham L. Katz Gerhard Kingman Walter A. Kintzi ' illiam Kletzin Lester T. Knapp Willard Kristiansen Harold W. Kroch Cyril E. Lambert Mandel M. Levy Ivan L. Lilra Clarence Lindgren Edwin N. Lundman MiNTON LUNDQUIST Raymond Lundquist Lester McCarthy Jennings McHuch Harold E. McIntire Herbert D. McKay Francis E. Malia Mitchell Markus Nicholas J. Marven Ben L Medof Orville J. Merwin Myron S. Modic .afi»i»iMi»iMi«i«i«i«i iwi«i«l» 19 20 ■■■[■■■■■■■ ■■[■[■■■i»i«iMiWiaiai i«i«n Page 276 [■IMIWlilMIWIMIWIBIMIWWIBIHIMIMIWIMIHIM COPHEiR ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' • ' ■ ' ■ ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■IW Harlow J. Nedrld Arthir E. Nelson Earl A. Nelson GrsTAVE Nelson Oscar D. Nelson Reuben A. Nelson Robert O. Nelson Charles V. Netz Albert J. O ' Laichlin Eugene E. Ohsberc Orrio K. Palmer Henkv Paulson Lewis Penton Paul H. Peterson Clarence N. Petterson Willlam a. Pomije Archie E. E. Prechel George A. Pochaska Byron W. Putney WlLLLAM J. QuAST Maurice W. Quigley Joseph Redler Jacob H. Romes Floyd R. Roppoto R. K. Leslie Richard Edw. G. Robbins James E. Roberts DuANO E. Rodman Joseph A. Rosoll Harold W. Schmitt Arthur P. Schonweiler Harry W. Schwedes Alvor S. Selberc Warren J. Shannon Charles W. Staples William W. Steinman Joseph N. Stemper Orvallo P. Runket Griffith B. Salisbury Earl C. Samson Bert C. Sanden Earl L. Sawyer Otto S. Shasky Abe R. Sher John V. Sherwood Mitchel Silverman Waldo G. Simenson Hiram L Slatten Harold W. Sinetana Malvin E. Soraker BuFORD C. Swanson Earl C. Swanson Ernest G. Swanson Clifford F. Taplin August Taylor Fred C. Thurs Robert E. Thomas Edwin Tidberc Clague a. Van Slyke Roy L. Volstad Louis F. Walechka Owen H. Wangensteen Henry R. Wasielewski Theodore Weidenback Anthony J. Weinert Frank E. Weisberi, Harold L. White Paul B. Wiberg Carston Wicor Paul W. Wilke Charles K. Wilson Ingham K. Wilson Ernest J. Wolfenson Frank C. Yetter Lloyd O. Youncstrom X ■ ■l»IWI»l«l«IBI«l«t«IWflWI«l«l«l«IMI« ' «IB 19 20 ■■■[■■■[■■■■■■■■■■■fffl l»l«l«l«l«l«l«l Pate 277 il« I ■!■!■» ■ ' l«flMI«IMIWIBIBIMI«l« GOPHER ■■■■■IMI« ' «I«I«I«IWIWI«IWI«I«I«I« ' «I«I»I k_ % " - -fe -ife- ' Company Five First Regiment Lieutenant F. T. Fakwell, Commanding Officer Lieutenant D. C. Ensign, Commanding Officer Arthur E. Anderson Harley L. Anderson Waldon Anonsen Earl Baker Clifton Barker Louis Benson Edgar Berquist Kenneth Bouh Paul Boyd John H. Blair John V. Blair Harold Blese Harry E. Burns Herschel Brayden George Brutsch Adrian M. Bullis Charles Cassell Joseph Chases Hale H. Clements Orsino H. Comstock Reginald W. Comstock Guy Cox Donald Crumley Donald Dawson Truan Dobson Oswald E. Dolven Harry E. Drews Leon W. Dondas Reuhen R. Eckman Herbert A. Edd Emil a. Falk Hubert L. Fay Harold Flar William Forssell RoLLA Fkankenbercer Leo W. Fink Edward Gaellen Dewey Gustafson Dewey F. Gustafson Howard HAGGBf;RG Robert E. Hall Arnold Halverson Jon G. Hanke August Hanson Herbert H. Harris John Hartzell Luverne H. Hansmann Theodore Heiman Otto C. Heinzel Thomas P. Helmey ViRGiNius Henley Herbert R. Hessler Lee S. Hoepner Reuben J. Holmgren Marais G. Howard Maurice C. Howard Rudolph E. Hultkrans Percy L. Jack Ernest E. Joh»ison Lester 0. Johnson jiiBiHiaiaiBiaiaiBia 1 9 20 ■■■i«i«iaiHfi»i»i " ' ai»i " ' «iwi«iwi " i " i " ' Page 278 ■ [■l»l»IHIMIWI«l«l«IMIM|MiaiB|B|M|M|M|B COPHE.R ■l " l«fl«l«l«l»l«IWIWIMmfflBIWIMI ■!■! -- William J. .Ihhnson Ian K. Jo ' ict; Ferkis Kalton Earl J. Kleine Leo B. Kevlin DoiCLAs Larawa Franci;- a. Larkin John J. Lavalle Richard A. Lease Ulysses G. Lewis Leslie Harry Kidd Orrin G. Lynde LoRIMER W. LiNDER Homer D. Little Guy a. Llmley Walter A. Lundeen Donald B. McGrecve Glynn E. McLaughlin Lyle a. McMann Ned W. McNulty Oscar A. Maass Clar Maliszewski Edward E. Manuel Paul G. Manzke George W. Marchant Waldo Mareck Alf. Martinson William L4ughan Ezra Meckel Earl L. Mickelson Harry W. Miller Gordon G. Nelson Midi S. Nelson Roy A. Nichols William F. Nicholson John R. O ' Donovan WiLLARD J. O ' LOUGHLIN GusTAVi s R. Odean Edwin J. Olsen Dafred J. Olson Palmer P. Osterman Clarence L Oswald Clyde F. Peick Edgar Peterson August C. Plondke Carl V. D. Quist Russel S. Ranum Frank Rapacz Carl D. Reinholdson Clifford C. Rouhor William A. Rodvan Harold L, Schovlkopf Waldo L. Searles William S. Sealres Monroe J. Shanedlinc Leighton P. Smith Edward G. Sonbo Emil L. Steicer Charles W. Ruckor Milo T. Siverlinc Walter B. Stinson Paul J. Strickland WiLLARD B. Sullivan Alvin W. Swanson Erwin E. Swanson Albin P. Swenson Charles L Thomson EvAR R. Timberg LeRoy M. Tyrholm James R. Van Slyke William M. Warfield John L. Warrick George Waskey Vern Weavm Robley S. Wharton Walter G. Wicklund Robert L. Wilder Paul A. Wilk-n Frank W. Wilkens Arthur C. Willard Francis C. Williams Bertram D. Willman Warren E. Wilson Robi:rt R. Withy, Jr. William M. Witto Harold B. Yundt Rein HOLD H. Zeglin ■ i»i»i»i«iBi«i«i«iBfi«iaiBi»i»i«i«i»i«i» 19 20 ■isiaiaiBiaiaiaiaiHiBiHiaiBisiaiaiBiHiBiBi Paga 279 |l«l«l«IMI«IMIMI«l«IHIBIWI«iMIMIMIMIWIWIW GOPHER ■■■■■■■ ' ■l " l " IWI«l«IWI«IWIWIMI«l " ' " ' ■!■ ' ■ Company Six First Regiment Lie utenant Dwicht C. Ensign. Command in;; Officer Walter Ahl Leomard Anderson Hugo Allen Oscar Anderson Chester Allison Lloyd R. Anderson Charles Anderson Oscar W. Anderson Carl Arness Raymond Aune John H. Barron Arthir L E. Berg Berlin Bisree James Booth Howard Bradley Charles Bock William Brenneman Herbert Brugger Vaile a. Bryant Otto Byhre Lf slie J. Carter WaltfJ! E. Chase Robekt R. Clark Floyd Campbell Donald Candie Paul Carlson Maurice Cooperman Thomas Costello William Cummins Ralph W. Dahlcren Carl A. Dahlstrom Otis A. Dalgle Dallas A. Dale Louis F. Davis Samuel K. Davis RoLLA F. Dean Paul Downey Richard J. Duffy Henry Eckenbusch Ralph E. Encen Ernest W. Erickson RoBLEY D. Evans Edmund M. Fenstad George Freeberg Jaaies N. Fenstad Miltiades Fracas Alban F. Gaalass IsADORE C. GeNGLER John H. Gillis Joseph J. Habeger Albert Hacen Dudley Hale Milton A. Hall Lloyd Hallet John L. Hanley John Hanrahan Richard Hansen Nansen B. Henderson Leonard Hendrickson Carlyle E. Hennen Charles D. Higgins Bradford F. Hinckley George A. Hoff Galt E. Hunt Carl A. Jensen Verner M. Jensen Carl M. Johnson Carl O. Johnson KnMi ND O. Johnson MBiaiaiaiaiBiB 1 9 20 ■i»iHi«i«iBiaiwiaia ' ai " i " fiw ' »fM ' « ' «i« Page 280 ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ■■■■■■WIMI Ml ■■■■■IMIBIM GOPHER ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■IWI»IWIWIWI« «IMIWI«IWIMI«I« Walter H. Johnson James E. Jones Joseph D. Kalihern Joseph Kingman Kleinschmidt DWIGHT KnEESKERN Kred N. Kranz Fred E. Rrause Joseph Kulisheck ILLIAM A. Lang Moritz L. Lott Albert C. Ligeb Clinton T. McCreedy John B. McLeod Allister R. McRae DwiGHT Manbeck Henry Iarkkanen Emmani EL L. Melin Henry J. Michel Dewey B. Miller Joseph F. Miller Gladwin D. Morgan Harold E. Mullin George W. Nelson Gus taf a. Nelson John Nelson John M. Nelson n n. Nelson Arthur C. Nesbitt Donald Nesbitt Edgar Newgard Ervvin Nissen William F. O ' Neill Carl Olson Ernest A. Olson Freeman E. Olson William C. R. Olson David E. Ostorberg Byron E. Palmer Hartley P. Pendergast Lawrence J. Peterson Nate C. Peterson Adelarde N. Plolrde [ax Prosh Carl H. Rico Paul A. Rollo George W. Rost Bernard J. Schmitz Harold L. Schrooder Russell J. Schunk David D. Smith John F. Sprafka George V. Stabler Robert B. Stevens RoYCE E. Sanborn VkTIII W . SlFKORI.E High A. Simon Lawrence Sisterman Clarence F. Skek Arthur E. Smith Earl A. Stussi George M. Tangen Clinto.n R. Tapun Arthur R. Tavis Philip Teisberg Joseph M. Thiel William F. Toonsinc Walter D. Toopko Francis J. Toomey Arthur S. Torcerson Clifford L. Vader Sam H. Walzar Charles W. Webster Ernest R. Weinhardt Abraham E. Weisman Lawrence D. Wengert ' ilbur H. White John Wilkis, Jr. Jay H. Winsor Edw. C. Wooding Harold G. Worman Walter J. Yeager Otto Fred Zila Liu IS ' . nl 1 I l; l»l«l»l«l»IBIMI«l«WIWI«l»l«l«l«l«l«l»l»l» 19 20 ■l»l«l»IBI«i«IMI«fl»IWl»fl»l«l«fl«IBI«l Page 281 3IBIWIW1BIBIWIMIWIMIMIMIBIHIWIWIM GOPHER ■IMI«lWI«flWIWI«l«l«fl«IWI»fl« ' " l ■ ' ■Ij l-iS- B! -t - Company Seven First Regiment Lieutenant C. F. Favrot, Commanding Officer John W. Ahlen Victor T. Allen Carl G. Anderson Edwin 0. Anderson Harold D. Anderson Julius D. Anderson Dick H. Ballard Theodore M. Barber Mearnes Bateman Phillip Bercquist Roland C. Bevan Henry D. Bishmer Charles Blanchard Lloyd H. Bohanon Fred H. Bostwick Maurice C. Brown Roy H. Brown Roy W. Brown Moses R. Cuckman Charles Carleton Arthur M. Carlson Lester R. Cash Edwin J. Chalk Damel yi. Clark Harold W. Collis Harold L. Conrad Earl D. Cotton Cornelius Crowley Everett P. Daman Louis A. Davis William L Davis John M. Dawlev Everett P. Deman Alexander E. DeShaw James E. Dodge Lawrence F. Eder Elmer G. Ellincson Eugene D. Ellison Joe T. Feller Algot a. Fosberc Charles Fi ' lkerson Benjamin Gaalaas Arthir W. Geske Cyril E. Gobeit Percy Gremscard Claude Grettum Frank A. Gruesen Orton K. Haga Abe J. Harris George B. Hay Leonard G. Headman William T. Heffehman Elmer H. Held George D. Hemingway Arthur C. Henry Emory K. Hill Orie S. Hober Harry A. Holmgren William B. Holt LORENTZ JaCOBSON Philip Jacobson Meredith C. James GUILBERT W. JaRVIS Clarence M. Johnson Edward W. Johnson H. Vincent Johnson Roy E. Johnson Raymond Kiland Raymond G. Kilp jiiaiBiBiBiaiBiaiai I 9 20 ■■■iBi«fiBi» ' Wfi " i»i " ' " i«i iwi« ' » ' « ' " i " i Page 282 ■ ■■■■■■■■■■■iwi«i«i«i«iHi«i«iwi«i«i«i«iw COPHEiR ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■I " ' m ' 9 %-m4 m ' % ' iL V. Kmght Robert H. Kmcht Martin Koeneman Albert Koemc WiLBlR KoRFHACE William H. Laird Peter L. Larson Walter J. Larson Harold E. Leffler Reiben Lenske Sam W. Levin Abe Levitt Ernest S. Lewin Dewey Lindiman Gordon Lvman Lawrence S. Lynch Ralph E. List Paul H. Lomo Burton E. Loper Vernon F. Longhran Amos H. Loven Otto R. Loverude Justus Lindquist Hahold Lund s. p. lundgren MiNTON LuNDQUIST Hugh McKay Harney Madson Walter Magmson Cecil H. Mouik Irvin R. Moore Kent W. Morehouse Donald Mulligan Lawrence Myers Clarence A. Nelson Herbert AL Newstrom Elmer E. Nordberg George E. Olson GiLMORE C. Olson Leonard D. Olson AL NviLLE Olson Vernon W. Olson Karl V. Pieper Leonard R. Plufke Irving Rasmussen George A. Reekart Stuart L. Robinson James H. Rogers Allan B. Roth Wilbart H. Roth Leo D. Ri sseli. Frank E. Samma Albert W. Schmidt Glen E. Schradak Harry A. Segal Edwin T. Sheffield John G. Simonson Reuben T. Salbery Francis M. Salom Wilfred F. Stasson Walter H. Stephen Da id A. Stmnberg David E. Strathy Reynold Swanson Clifford R. Swenson Rudolph E. Swenson Percy E. Tate Alfred J. Thompson Julian R. Thompson Carl R. Thyo Warren Tingdale John R. Toth Albert S. Tonsley Henry M. Ulvick Neil W. Upham EwALB Van Slocken Dewey E. Walter Aaron M. Wells Albur E. Wesllinc Harry L. Weyenberg Wesley D. Welar Henry M. WasoN Leigh P. Winter Alvin R. Witt William Walpart Max Woolpy Joseph Young [■i»i»f fi«iai«i«i«iMi»i»i»i»i«i»fi«fl» 19 20 ■laiaiaiHiBiBiBiaiiiiai aiai ■iHiBiBiHiaiiiiHi Page 283 ■!■ ' aiBIMIMIMIBIMlMIBIMIBIMIBIMia GOPHEJ ■[■■■■■■■■■■■[■[■■■IBIWI ■■■■■■■[■■■I ■!■! Company Eight First Regiment Lieutenant J. K. McKinney, Commandini; Officer Leon J. Alger Gerald Anderson Marvin T. Anderson S ' oLLINCTON BaGBY Adolph Bakke Sydney E. Barnes Fred W. Bartz LoREN A. Bates Einar E. Bergman James Brinks Adolph F. Broman RcjBHKT B. Burg Ri ehen W. Bury Harry T. Capron Errol H. Carlisle Joseph V. Cihlar Arthur D. Cipra George S. Clifton Harold F. Clement Lymw H. Coult Allan W. Craig Archie H. Cummincs Ernst L Dahle RuDYARD E. Davis Henry G. Desnoyers Aaron Douglas Clinton J. Dumphy Ralph L. Duncan Louis A. Eberlin Emmet B. Enders Walter W. Erickson Walter S. Estby Eduard G. Fahnestock Clai DE W. Fearing Harold L. Floren James G. Foster Abraham H. Frisch Theodore G. Gagnon Walter C. Gilmore Paul G. G.tesdahl Lelanu J. Gordon William Grothen Angus M. Gunn George R. Haase Alfred U. Hambum Walter J. Hansen Warren 0. Hartman Wallace W. Hennemuth Thomas B. Hicks Alvin F. Holzhnicht Herman R. Hom medal Edgar B. Hurd Eugene C. Johnson Erwin R. Johnson Rudolph H. Kaehler Joseph W. Kadesky Roswell E. King George L. Kline Arthur Klewino Raymond Kort MBiaiBiBiaiBia I 9 20 ■laiaiaiBiBiBiBiarBiaiBai ■laiBiHiHiaiBiiii Page 2m ■ ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■i«i«iBi«i«i»i«fiwiwi» COPHEiR ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■I WlNFliKl) J. KrK.MK Richard C. Lang Werner K. Larsen GoTFRED Larson Wf.iner K. Larson Weiner K. Larson Herman Leaders Harry A. Lee Pail K. Lenthold Pearle C. Lien George H. Lowe Donald D. Lucier Cecil McHale Thomas McKee John McHenry Thomas McManus James McRobert Ernest McLaughlin Alva W. Magawan Vernon Mapes Roy H. Miller Victor NL Morris William Lester Arthur T. R. Olsen Clarence L. Olson Paul T. Owens Abraham L. Parker James P. Patterson Carl E. Pearson Carl L. Pearson Paul A. Peterson Thomas L. Pierce IL-iROLD W. Pillsbury Herbert E. Pulman Dean W. Rankin George D. Reed .S LVESTER RoMBY Charles E. Rediant Ne L Roberts Arthur Rolfnos William H. Ross Walter Rostron Leslie L. Roth Max H. Ruday Glen C. Sawyer Victor A. Soalf Francis Scholich Norman Schroedek John H. Soehlar Eugene Simon Willard Smick Garfield Swanson Aucus M. Smith Carl G. Sorenson John B. Stasson Ralph Stenson Arthur W. Stevenson Herbert F. Stewart Harold A. Stieler Randall Stockwell Lloyd J. Straub .liiiiN L. Sullivan lii i W. Swanson J(i Ki ' H T. Syvud Elmer O. Tandberg Carl H. Tennastrom Roland 0. Tester Burton W. Thayer Oscar W. Thurston Clarence Torgerson Varno P. Ure Bradford Van Allen James L. Van Burgh Israel Walt Lawrence D. Wengert Ornia W. Wort Charles K. White Willius Wiggins Paul M. Winship Harold J. Warrall GusTAF H. Zaisor Harold L. Zaiser Gerald Zaran IMIBIBf l»l«IMI«IMI»l»l»l«IBI«l»l»l«l«l«l» 19 20 ■■■IBIBI«I»I«I«I«I»IMIMIMI«I«I»IBIWI I«IPI Page 285 ainiwiMiMiaiBfiwiMiMiMiBiMfiBia GOPHER ■ ' ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■i ■!■ ' ■ ' • ' ■ ■■[■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■i IB i i Company Nine First Regiment Lieutenant Lee S. Rice, Commanding Officer LiEiTENANT Frank T. Farweli,. Commanding Officer George W. Anderson Lawrence M. Anderson Otto W. Anderson Axel L. Arnquist William J. Bachmann Albert Barankiewiez George R. Beckman George A. Beecher Elmer J. Beithon Clifford A. Bender Ernest T. Bervin Elmer Eugene Bloom Ralph W. Borcan Harry A. Borthwick Walter Bratager Edward M. Bratberg Henry C. Braun Donald G. Brown Harry T. Buran Lawrence Burke George Ca llander William Campbell Karl H. Cannon Chester J. Chaster Eli E. Christensen Charles B. Cohn Frederick S. Cook Roy M. Crosby Edward T. Crowley Kenneth B. Dart George F. Dennerly Charles Donaldson Walter H. Doty Stephen Douglas Lawrence F. Berdan Albert W. Dubbem Robert E. Ekstrom Fritz R. Enius Palmer N. Erickson Karl R. Ericksen Rae Falconer William T. Fr!sch George L. Geyerman Frederick A. Gibbs Grant O. Gilbert Menfohd Gilderhous Carl L. Gjedrem Stanley Goncoll Horace Grader William Graham Howard H. Grant Leo C. Grassle Charles N. Gray Harvxy Gregerson Paul S. Hace Alfred P. Haglund Stanley T. Hajicek James W. Hammond Arild E. Hansen George L. Hansen 3iaiBiaiaiBiBiBiBia 19 20 ■■■[■[■■■ ' ■i«i«iwi " f ' " ' »fi» ' »ftw ' « ' » ' " ' ■ IWIMI»I«IHIMI»I«I«IM|MIMIBIBIM|MIMIMIM COPHE.R ■■■ ' ■IWI»IWI«IWIWI«l»l«lg Robert B. Hartzell Arthlr E. Haslind Arthlr E. Heitman Harold J. Henley Edward B. Hickey Loris A. Hoffman Herbert L. Holm Andrew T. Hoverstad Skili Hritfiord StIART G. HlNKINS William E. Hlskins Oscar R. Ilvedson Lyle G. James Rl ' ssel J. Jansen Jens P. Jensen Wilbert W. Jensen Clarence Johnson Irving Johnson Pall E. Johnson Douglas L. Johnson Charley A. Johnstone Henry E. Karnofsky Leslie H. Kay Elwood G. King Anton Kosmoski Seymolr Kraft Albert W. Krinke Edwin W. Kriecer rthi r J. Larson Elmer S. Lee Edward E. Leef Henry D. LeRoy Karl R. Lindeberg Karl R. Llndberg Earl S. McArthlr Edward McGarvey Wilfred Mallon Leonard L nley Henry Larcls Glenn C. Mark Eugene A. Monick Norman E. Mudge George F. Nagel Arl E. Neiman Arthur A. Nelson Norman Nelson Gerhard A. Ness Ernie W. Olson Medford C. Oversea Kenneth M. Owen Clarence F. Peterson Peter H. Peterson Alexander L. Pfutzenreuter Eugene A. Puffer Reynolds R. Reed William Roberg Arthi R D. Robertson ALTER H. Robertson John C. Rodeck Arthur R. S.aare Clarence E. Sandberg Edwin V. Schmidt Samuel Shapiro Cecil F. Shoen Frank Skala Bfrger Skjerseth Arthur E. Sundbfjig Lloyd L Swisdal Theodore F. Thomas William R. Thompson Arthur W. True Cornelius W. Vahlo Boyd D. Vanco Luke P. Vass.ar EdW AUD E. Vg Lewis P. Wagner Walter P. Walker Benjamin 0. Wangsness Orrin F. Weckerlinc. Carl A. Werlich James L. Wick Lionel W. Youatt r«l»l»l»IBIBI«l«IMfl«l»l»l»l»l«l«IBIMl»l» 19 20 ■[■l«IBIBIBI»IM|«l«IMflWIWf H ■ IW fflWIBI Pagt 287 ■ [■[■l»IMI«l«l«l«l«l«)«IHflMIMIBI«IMIMIB GOPHEJ ■[■[■[■■■■■■■[■■■■■IWIMflMIMIMIMI ■!■! Company Ten First Rfginient Lieutenant M. B. Lebo, Commanding Officer Lieutenant S. W. Seale, Commanding Officei- Arnold C. Anderson Carl A. Anderson William B. Arness Willis L. Benson Albert E. Berclund Lonar F. Bercsland Gisle B. Borlauc Rov M. BovD Alfred Burkhardt Charles M. Chambers Frank H. Chase Albert B. Chesley Walter T. Cleary William L. Conger Lewis E. Conley NoRRis W. Dahle Lavelle p. Davlin Harry H. Draper Jacob A. Du Bois Ostin G. Dunn Willard E. Erickson Roy R. Ewald Harold A. Fansler Aaron D. Fehr Earl H. Foster David W. Francis Raymond M. Freeman Ralph L French Richard Gilfillan Ernest Goldberg Halvor C. Granum Frank W. Hanft Malcolm B. Hanson Elliott Hayes Henry F. Herzog David J. Hickey Harry H. Hirschfield HiLLER E. Hoffman Louis M. Iverson Carl F. Johannson Arthur D. Johnson Arthur D. Johnson Stanwood Johnston CoRYDON Jones John Douglas King Meyer E. Landy Alf L. Lee Charles F. Lein Abe N. Levinson William Lindmeir Kenneth Lindskog William M. McDonough William S. McGee .Norman M. McIver Milton D. McLean Melvin E. MacKinnon Edward L. Madson James M. Martin Ames P. Mattson Frederick T. Mayer Leonard J. Milbert Cliff J. Nelson Robert S. Niedermever Gerald L. Oleson Arthur W. Olson Donald W. Parker Joseph E. Partington Ewart 0. Paulson Harold E. Peckham IIHIBIBIBIBIHIBiaiaOia t9 20 ■■■IBI«l»IHI«l»l»l»IW ' " ' " ' »IW ' " ' " ' " l«l» ' ' Page 288 ■ [■■■IWIMIMIWIMIBIHIWIBIBIBIMIBIBIBIBIB COPHEIR ■■■■■■■IWI«IWI«l«l«IWI«IHfl«IWIWI«l« Hi BKRT L. Person ' Erick L. Peterson Joseph S. Peterson Carl O. Pluto Joseph G. Rebholz Ronald H. Ranos Malvin R. Ring Martin M. Rosenthal Floyd Rothlisbercer Victor W. Rotnem Vernon Runberg Jacob Sagol Leo Schenach Alfred M. Shadick John 0. Shamia Donald K. Smith Fred C. Smith Leslie W. Spaeth Leonard T. Stephens Emil G. Swanson Ward Taylor Thompson Francis E. Tracy Rupert W. Venske Karl H. Verdelin William F. Vosbeck Henry E. Walburg Forrest L. Warner Harold K. Watson Joseph C. Yedlicka George Yitrecko Joseph H. Zanjicek Vernon G. Peters Clifford A. Peterson Oran a. Plahn Fred B. Pomijo Carl J. Priggs Ervin L. Redfield Victor P. Reim George A. Richard Walter B. Richardson Percy Rodp:berg Alberg J. Rogers Lawrence S. Rooney Chester S. Rosborough Samuel D. Rubin Arvid L. Rundquist Milton A. Ryan Slaughter W. Salmon Raymond H. Schalkle Roy Schanberger John W. Schult . Laurice C. Schultz Dewtcy E. Severson Lonard O. Sjordal Godfroy L Skogman Darroll M Smalley George R. Soderholm Lawrence D. Solomonson Melford S. Sorenson Olaf a. Sortedahl Dawson C. L. Stark Frederick R. Stave Paul J. Strickland David A. Sternberg Leonard Stromberg Alois P. Stucky William J. Swanson Gerald M. Swenstrom Clinton R. Laplin Arthur R. Tavis Norman G. Tenneson Harold G. Thompson Julian N. Thompson George A. Timorman Wesley D. Torcerson Paul M. Trainer Leopald R. Tschudy Maynard Tweed Joseph H. Underdahl Vernon L. Underwood Hugh Vallely Otto A. Voight William H. Webb Albin E. Westlinc Walter Wiedenman Harry W. Williams Charles D. Winslow Max Woolpy Harold J. Zahalka Carl H. Zastrow ■ l»l«l«l»l«fl«IMI«f l«l»l«l«l«IMI«flM|« 19 20 ■fflBIMIBIMf IBIMiaiaiMlQUBilBIMflBIBIBl Page 219 ■ [■l»l»l»IMIWI«l«l«IHIMI«miBIBIMIMI»l« GOPHEJR ■■■IWI " I " I " I I " IW«I«IMI«I«I«I»I« ' " I " I " ' Company Eleven First Regiment Lieutenant C. L. Boyd, Commanding Officer Lieutenant John J. Kelly, Commanding Officer Edward F. Adams Van C. Adams Charles L. Allen Elmer O. Almquist GusTAV N. Anderson Arthur C. Antonson Evan C. Argent Harold B. Asplin William C. Bailey Omer E. Ballinger Charles J. Beauore Carl H. Benson Palmer Benson Leo J. Berg Hjalmar L Berch Leo Joseph Bmc Richard Blacklock Emil p. Blanchette Earl George Bergh Roger V. Branham Ward L. Buttz Carl M. Carlson Fred Carlson Richard Carlson Paul N. Casserly Lyle a. Churchill Carl M. Carlson Joseph P. Cinclair Stanley S. Cohen Henry D. Comnick Maurice Cooperman Albert R. Cravens Theodore C. Crone Matthias F. Crosey Erwin T. Curtin Arthur B. Dahlin Hoyt 0. Davis Burt Z. Dechter James L. Dibble Arthur R. Dirks Otto G. Drenckahn Ralph H. Edsten Lester J. Ensign Walter M. Fankhanel Harold Featherstone Leo W. Fink Wm. Flannery Max a. Freitag John H. Gabrielson John J. Galvin Clarence Carding Bruce D. Gillis William A. Glassco Louis Goldstein Arnold A. Gustafson Wray Hammond John Hanley George H. Harrison Leslie A. Haick Theodore E. Hauser Arthur P. Heinen Willard R. Merrick Charles 0. Hinkley Marcus G. Howard Robert C. Hudson Andrew C. Hultstrand Ross L. Huntsinger Cabl W. Jackson Harold N. Jensen Elmer D. Johnson Eugene Kellogg Ferdinand R. Johnson Harold Johnson Verner Johnson Walter Johnson Harry W. Juntilla Jos. W. Kerr Ben Kieffer Dale Kitzmiller Arlie L. Knobel William L. Kohl iiaiaiBiBiHiBimiBiBiBiBia 1 9 20 ■■■[■i«i»ipi»i»iwi i " | " ' " ' « ' mi " ' W ' «i " I " Page 290 ■ [■■■■■■■■■■■[■■■■■■■[■■■■■■■f [■iwiBiw COP HEIR ■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■I ■ ■»■ ' ■ I ■■■■■fiwiw ' »i» David Kllbekc Peter L. Larson Philip J. Larson Edward L. Lawson Ray D. Leland Alph W. Lervaac Clarence W. Levy Carl J. Lind Sydney S. Lobban Reuel J. Long Warren F. Long Donald L. Lord Joseph L. Lumphrev Earl H. Lund Henry T. Lund Frank S. McGarvey Cecil W. McLyman Archibald McQuarrie Eugene E. MacGregor Robert L. McPhail Walter H. Macinnis David M. Malyen Joseph G. Mangen George R. Manning Benjamin L. Marchant Martin NLarks Roy L Martin Wm. L lchan Harvey E. Maxfield Leo J. Meyer Bernard G. Meyers Harry H. Milburn George A. Moe Lawrence E. Monroe Gladwin D. Morgan Arthur L. Murphy Arthur C. Nesbitt Fred W. Nyberg WiLLUM F. Nyberg Raymond L. Olander John Nelson William C. Olson Allen R. Olson John W. Olson James H. Ordunc Clifford R. Ostlund Howard E. Palmer Edward J. Pauka John 0. Patterson Sterling L. Peck Glenn G. Peick Roman H. Penkert Vernon G. Peters Cliffort a. Peterson Oran a. Plahn Fred B. Pomijo Carl J. Pricgs Ervin L. Redkield Victor P. Roim George A. Richard Percy Rodeberi; Alberc J. Rogers Chester S. Rosborough Samuel D. Rubin Ahvid L. Rundquist Milton A. Ryan Slaughter W. Salmon Raymond H. Schalkle Roy Schanbercer John W. Schult Maurice C. Schultz Dewey E. Severson Leonard O. Sjordal Godfrey L Skogman Darroll M. Smalley George R. Soderholm Lawrence D. Solomonson Melford S. Sorenson OlAF A. SORTEDAHL Dawson C. L. Stark Frederick R. Stave Leonard Stromberg Alois P. Stuckv William J. Swanson Ger-ald L Swenstrom Arthur R. Tavis Norman G. Tenneson Harold G. Thompson George A. Timorman Wesley D. Torgerson Paul L Trainer Leopold R. Tschudy Maynard Tweed Joseph H. Underdahl Vernon L. Underwood Hugh Vallely Otto A. Voight William H. Webb Harry W. Williams Charles D. Winslow Harold J. Zahalka Carl H. Zastrow ■ [■[■l»l«flMI»ff ■■■■l»l»l«l»l«l«l«fl» 19 20 ■■■■■■■■■■■l«1»fl«l»f- ' «fl»IWIBIWfl»IB Patt 291 K m BIWIHIWIWlMIWIMflWiaiHIMIWIM GOPHEJt. ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■IW ' WIWiai ! 4;f • ' ti. Company Twelve First Regiment Lieutenant John J. Kki.i.y. Commanding Officer Paul S. Amidon LoREN A. Bates Raymond E. Anderson Evan C. Argent Stuart G. Baird Charles J. Beaupre Claude L. Cameron Charles A. Carleton Roy H. Brown RotER V. Branham Jack R. Bush Lawrence C. Bradley Joseph G. Brince Claude Carpenter Fred Carlson John A. Cook Huyt 0. Davis Harold L. Conrad Stanley S. Cohen William G. Dokken John N. Doyle Theodore C. Crone Carl M. Carlson Charles N. Cox Ralph H. Edsten Melville J. Cullen Edwin J. Ewy Bert Z. Dechter Walter M. Fankhanel Irving M. Freedman L x A. Freitac Perchal H. Gremscard Norman L. Engh Harold L. Gorenflo Harold M. Graus Robert B. Henton Rudolph E. Hultkrans George R. Haase Paul G. Gjesdahl Herbert C. Hendrickson Walter J. Hesnault Louis Goldstein Harold N. Jensen Thaddeus Incersol Alvie a. Hoberc Clarence W. Levy Andrew C. Hultstrand Leonard G. Hedman ?iaiBiBiataiaiH I 9 20 ■fi«i«i«iwfiwfiwiwiw ' " ' «iW ' «iM ' » ' «i«i» Paee 292 ■ ■■IWIBIMIBIMIWIBIBIMIMIMIBIMIMIMIMIMIM COPHEIR William A. Classco Jerome Joachim Frederick L. Kollma.n Paul M. Gamble WiLBlR A. KoRFHAGE Dale W. Kitzmiller George H. Lamb Alph W. Lervaag Robert H. McElroy Henry Th. Lund Theodore O. Lystad Edward J. McKendrick Frank S. McGarvey Harris E. Lauber Francis S. Lightly Sidney S. Lobben Donald L. Lord Herbert M. Newstrom Thomas T. Feeney George H. Olson Joseph G. Mangan James H. Ordung Albert C. Miller Donald L. Mulligan Howard E. Olsen Maurice J. McKenna Doyle Richardson Lawrence Myers Glenn S. Peick Ervin L. Redfield Walter H. Maginnis Clifford A. Peterson Thomas C. Pearson Milton A. Ryan George A. Schubr Percy M. Rodeberc Phillip O. Peonides Frederick R. Stava David A. Sternberg Earl H. Shaw Alois P. Stucky Melford S. Sorenson Harry E. Millett Paul M. Trainor George B. Tin dale Marshall W. Trussell Harold V. Westerman Stephen Zipoy Alvin R. Witt Birr B. Wiltse l«l«IBI«l«l«IMIMIMI«l»l»IBIBI»l«IMI«IBI«IB |9 20 ■l»l«IBI«IBI«l ■!■! ■!■! ■■■■■[■■■■■■■I«l«l«l Pat ' l»3 ■ iwi« Mi«iwiwiBi«i«JHnii«i«iwi«iMiwiwiM GOPHELR ■ i ■■■■■i ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■i ■ ' ■!■ ' ■ ' " ' " T a B K Company One Second Regiment Lieutenant H. D. Finch, Commanding Lieutenant H. M. Finley. Commandino John E. Adams Charles L. Adams Arthur E. Adams Walter 0. Alin Albert J. Anderecc Robert A. Anderson Ellsworth G. Anderson Charles G. Anderson Thomas M. Anderson John F. Baldwin Hubert J. Berdan Nathan J. Bercovttz Grant C. Bercsland Wilburg a. Backstrom Leonard Lind Berry Ralph L. Bloom Walter F. Bobchert Erwin W. Bingham Alfred Christian Book George D. Brown Clifford N. Brokaws Oscar J. Bladholm Leo G. Brown Chester A. Butler Leo M. Buhr Horatio L. Burton Earl Stanley Bjornerud Nick H. Bofferding Almond D. Brattland Abner J. Brictson Clarence R. Bratt Robert K. Bishop Theodore J. Bishop Willmert C. Bosshardt Erwin L. Briese Lowell M. Canfield Herbert A. Carlson Gordon S. Carr Thomas R. Clark Stephen B. Conger Jonathan Turner Clough Dale K. Churchill Karl J. Connell Albin F. Cox William D. Cooley Vincent M. Corcoran Carlton H. Corwin L RTIN L. Coonan Walter K. Cook George R. Coleman Merlin H. Cummins Harry V. Cro i i i Officer Officer Seymour R. Cray Harold F. Crouse John J. Daly William C. Darby Carl W. Dahlstrom John R. Day Theodore L. Decker George A. DesRosier Fred D. Devaney Frank A. Dirkzevocer John M. Downie Henry F. Dratt Roger P. Eastman Victor L Eagen Robert A. Eby Dewey C. Ebert Walter W. Erbes Russell S. Ebbert Bennie F. Eckers George C. Egcert Harold 0. Egeberg Reuben C. Eide Julius A. Ellefson Ralph B. Elevttch Clyde F. Estabrooks George W. Evans laiBiBiaiBiBiaiBiaiBi I 9 20 ■i«i«i»imiw ' " i»iwi " i " | " ' " i " I " ' " i ' " ' ' " Page 294 ■ IWIMIBIHIMIMfiaiMIBIMiaiMiaiBIMIMf IB COPHE.R ■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■IMI«I«I " I»I» Hkkbkkt a. Fai. tai) , L RSHALL E. FaHLSTKOM George W. Fairbanks Irwin Fenelon Mace E. Fisher Harry M. Finnecan Francs A. Finch Edwin G. Fischer Harold W. Fischer Arthur C. Forsyth Adolph L. Foss Francis C. Fowler Harold E. Friedland Joseph P. Frey Herbert J. Frost Joachim F. Furst Francis F. Franta S ILLIAM A. Fl CELSON Robert R. Galligan Donald T. Graf ALTf)N E. Gander W ARi) M. Gray Harold E. Geiger Keith C. Grave John H. Gillen Elberth R. Grant George C. Gillespie Walter A. Grettlm ScHI YLER G. GiSH George J. Gibeau Samuel Golman 1. LE A. Goodrick H KRY Goldberg John J. Gorman Clarence j. Goblirsch Joseph B. Goblirsch Walter A. Grettum Edw.vrd A. GUTH Benjamin S. Greenstein Selmer E. Halla Oliver A. Haskins Robert A. Hargraves Melvin J. Hakanson Ralphael Em. Hanten Harold Hanson Franklin H. Haws Curtis I. Hawkins William F. Hanson William B. Hays Anthony A. Halter Amos K. Heimer Vernon F. Hernlund WiLLLAM J. HeANEY Oscar A. Helleen Allem F. Hensel Charles H. Hinman Leonard T. Higcins Julian P. How John E. Hovinc Clarence E. C. Hoar Otto E. Hubbard Dewey E. Hult Julhs U. Hubble Robert D. Hume Glen L. Ingles James V. Irwin Forrest R. Immer Edward C. Jackson Randal Jaques Archie C. James Carl P. Johanson Pai L G. Johnston Francis M. Jolin Allen C. G. Johnson Floyd A. Joyce Walter H. Johnson Elam L. Johnson Carl A. E. Johnson Norman L. Johnson AvoLD Kaplan Aaron I. Koch George A. Keenan Gerald A. Kiffe John E. King Otto H. Kitzman Bernard B. Knopp Ralph S. Knowlton RoMALD J. Knapp Li dwig M. Kriha Melville J. Kollineb Arthur W. Kumm Howard F. Kramer Page 29S ■ l«IBIWI»l«IHIHI«IBIBIMIMflMIBIMIMIMIMIM GOPHER ■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■l«IBI«l«IHIWI»l ■!■! m i i M Company Two Second Regiment Lieutenant John D. Sheehv, Commanding Officer George A. Krueger Arnold J. Kruecel Clarence J. Kugler Clifford C. Larson Edmund G. Larson George A. Larkin IVER H. Lauttamus Clarence W. LaVictoire Lewis J. Lavin Louis Lee Adolph M. Lee Francis E. Lee John P. Leider Norman O. Lefvander Edwin M. Leiby Olai a. Lende Walter G. Lee Donald H. Lewis Robert H. Linn Harold A. Lindberg Clarence B. Lindblad Liedstrom Leudeman Link Clarence R. Clarence H Raymond A. Engin Lindelien Philip Litman Edwin A. Lofquist Reuel J. Long Hans L. Luft Glenn B. Ludwic Oscar C. Lundholm Walter L. Maiser Ernest J. Magdanz John E. Magnuson Leroy J. Madvig Douglas C. Martin Harlie a. Mann Leroy E. Mason Basil W. McCarron Arthur J. McKeon Duncan D. McRae George E. McGrory Roland C. McKee Clyde L McKeen Martin A. Miller Edward S. Mikesh Nathaniel Mintz Andrew R. Mickelson Ellis T. Morgan John F. Murset Dennis J. Murphy Orvis L. Nayes Carl R. Nelson Howard A. Nelson Ward R. E. Nelson Jasper P. Nelson Earle W. Nicolaus Robert K. Nordstrom Arnold J. W. Nordenson Orin C. Oppen Milo B. Olsen Ralph . L Olson Elmer J. E. Olson Paul B. Olsen Clarence H. Ott Donald J. Parsons George C. Parshall Kenneth A. Paulson Harold W. Pasko George L. Patchin Anton B. Paulson Thorwald S. Paulsen Alvin T. Peterson Robert W. Peterson William E. Perrenoud Everett L. Peterson Martin Peterson Walter R. Peterson Albert L. Peterson Robert W. Peterson William E. Perrenoud ggj g L «K r«r . F- B , mm -1 -- - IiaiBIBIBIBIBIB I 9 20 ■fl«1«l«IPI«l»IW ' " l«l»l " ' «IWI " l» ' WI ' « ' " ' Page 296 [■■■[■■■[■[■IMIBIMIMIMIMIBIMIMIMIBIBIMIB COPHE.R ■l " ffl " fl«IWI ■IWI«fl«IWIWI«l«l»l ■!» Lawrence F. Piixska William H. Preice Harold W. Price George H. Plackner Alvin J. Probst Homer 0. Rathbun Mairice Leo Radel Harvey C. Rehbine Robert T. Reynolds Sidney C Rieke Leslie L. Roby Frederick A. Rodcebs Boyd W. Robinson Allan J. Ross Henry T. Robertson Morris K. Rosencren Leslie J. Rust Floyde R. Rubertus Robert M. Ryan Gustav a. Sahlstrom Arthlr F. Sandhoff Harry H. Sass Ernest A. Schleyder Louis H. Schulenberc Lawrence L Schneider John J. Schlenk Abraham AL Sclarow Raymond E. Sell Julius Segal Carl R. Settercren Emil M. Silverman Charles G. Simms Frank Simonish William L. Sholes Lyle W. Smith Paul A. Smith Harold D. Smith Donald L Smith Arthur E. Snyder John W. SvfANBERC Robert P. Stearns Wallace H. Stone Bertram E. Stillwell Lester H. Steuerwald George D. Stewart Sidney Theron Stillwell Clifford L. Swanson If ' i MDND J. Stein LhiiNARD C. Swanson Oliver A. Steutland Deleert R. Sundeen Abthur F. Stegner George M. Syverson Adolph M. Swenson Roy E. Swanson Kenneth G. Swanson John A. Thatcher Grand A. Thompson La vrence E. Thomas Chestf-r E. Thomas Clifford A. Thorberc Marcus M. Tierney Arthur E. Trotzig Charles D. Tripp Lisle R. Towers Robert D. Tunell Leonard M. Tunell Harry D. Van Dervxeb Harold D. Van Krevelen Jerry A. Vacha Fredfjiick H. Varner Reginald G. Varney Knute N. Vaksvik Joseph F. Velat Earl L. Vitalis Jay C. Villa Daniel Vorlicek Ferdinand J. Volkert George P. Westman Clarence N. Westicard Samuel S. Weintraub Lloyd G. Welty Harold O. Wenz Edward L. Wilson Edgar A. Wilson Vernon C. Wilson William W. Winchester William E. Willner La Whitefield Rudolph E. Whitney Roy W. Woodward Donald R. Wright Walter R. Youngdahl La vrence E. H. Zachrison Victor W. Ziebarth Chas. E. Zimmerman fl«l»l»IBmiMI«l«l»l»l«l«IBI»l»l«IWI«l«IB 19 20 ■l«fflMiai«IBflWIBIMI«l«IWI«IBIWI«l«l»l Page 297 ■ [■[■[■■■[■■■l»IBIBIMIH|«|MiaiM|Mf IMIMIM GOPHELR ■■ ■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■[■ ' ■ ' ■l ■!■! I pRS I r-r-T-« Company Three Second Regiment Lieutenant A. M. Ellington, Commanding Officer Jacob J. Ahlu David D. Anderson Harry W. Anderson Carl G. Arvidson John R. Aurelius Lucius F. Badger Harry F. Bayard Frederick W. Behmler Daniel H. Bessesen Martin C. Bergheim Robert H. Berkus Laurence E. Berry Walter G. Benjamin Alfred N. Bessesen Joseph F. Bicek Henry H. Blaustone Alloys F. Branton Alexander E. Brown James B. Carey Lawrence H. Cady ' Lars M. D. Carlson Emmett C. Callahan Asa G. Churchill Harry W. Christianson Roger S. Countryman- John M. CULLICAN Rudolph L. Crook Ralph J. Critchfield Earl R. Crow Harry A. Daniels Walter W. Denny Lloyd B. Dickey Wandell Downing Lawrence 0. Doyle George C. Doyle Fred H. Di bbe Howard K. Eder Claude J. Ehrenberg Oscar J. Encstrand Raymond Eppard Swan Ericson Herman A. Fasbender Albert C. Feaman Albert E. Flacstad Allen R. Foss Aaron Friedel Ross yi. Gamble John H. Gammell Charles C. Gault Milton J. Geyman MiLo P. Gerber ' kum, S. Gearey Benjamin A. Gingold Nels a. Gunderson Deforest R. Hastings Victor P. Hauser Aloys T. Haas Elmer C. Hanson Earl C. Hall Manley H. Haynes Julius J. Heimark Myron 0. Henry Albert J. Herbolsheimer Frank G. Hedenstrom Siegfried F. Herrmann Frank R. Hirshfield Robert J. Hodapp Max H. Hoffman Otto C. Holm Merrill A. Howard Joel C. Hultkrans Charles D. Humberd Charles Hymes George J. Illa Arthi R C. Johnson Ellsworth J. Johnson Henry A. Johnson David H. Johnson iiBiaiBiaiHiBiBiaiaiBiBiBiBiBll 1 9 20 ■iMiwiaiM I wiaiw I ■!■ ■ » ' ■ ' ■iwi " ' " i " ' ' " ' » ' Page S98 ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■[■■■■■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWIMf COPHEJ ■■■■■IWflMflWIWIWIWIWIBIBmiBflWIWIW High T. Jones Herman M. Ji ercens Thomas James Kinsella George N. Landreck Arthir p. Lapierre Earl R. Lowx Alfred E. Lange John L. Lee Clarence M. Larson Orrin Lee Brand A. Leopard Alcot S. Lineer Oscar E. Locken HVMAN S. LlPPMAN Arthir M. Liindholm Harold 0. Llnd Benjamin Martin Roger H. - Lattson Llovd E. McFarlane Ewing C. McBeath Pall F. Mever Charles E. Merkert George A. Mines John L. Mills Harry A. Miller Herman J. Moersch Ray W. Monaghan Harold E. Morrison RrssELL W. Morse Stanley C. Milholland Leo T. Ml rphy Ridolph T. Muller Rolf F. Nannestad Anton H. Nerad Harold T. Nesrit Orville Nelson Henry Th. Norrgard Edgar H. N orris Michael F. Oman Percy L. Owxns Louis J. Pankow Arthur H. Pederson WiLLARD C. Peterson Erling S. Platod J. W. Prentice Andrick S. Pratt Herman P. Radke Harold George Reineke Edward A. Regn:er Edward H. Richter Leo G. Rigler Harold E. Richardson Paul G. Roman Oscar A. Rose Burton Roseholtz Byron L. Robinson Arthur B. Roehlke Maurice N. Rosenberg Carl W. Rumpf Teverin Rudie Clifford G. Salt Henry W. Sandeen John J. Seibel Leo Schulman Faus P. Silvernale William R. Shannon Abraham Shedlov Benjamin H. Simons Mohan Singh Adam M. Smith Ralph A. Soderlind Arthur F. Smith Joseph M. Sprafka Roy E. St. Clair George F. Strong Raymond J. Spurzem Leon A. Steffens Raymond M. Sullivan Edward J. Tanquist Charles E. Teel Gregory J. Van Beeck Leo F. VpjiNiNG Oscar L. Veach Arthur E. Vik Melvin Vik Ralph W. Warnock Oswald S. Wyatt Thomas O. Young Henry G. Zanger iBiBiaiBiBiBiaiaiBiaiBiaiBiBiBiBiBiaiaiaiB 19 20 ■laiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiBiMiaiBiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiiii Page 299 aiWIWIMIMI IMIMflMIBIMflWIB GOPHE.R ■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■l«l»IWI»l»l« ' " l«l " ' IS ' B " l ▼ ' Company Four Second Regiment Lieutenant George W. Elmen, Commamling Officer Edward M. Adams Lauren L. Allen Max W. Alberts Clarence H. Anderson Milton H. Anderson Walter C. Andrews Christopher Arthur Earl A. Arctander Joseph C. Barr Hjalmar L Berch David F. Berstrom John V. Blair Joseph F. Borc Romeo A. Bott Chester C. Boyd Bernard L. Branley Donald W. DeCable Edwin N. Carlson Charles H. Chadbuurn Lynn H. Despard Robert K. Dixon John C. Donahue Thomas W. Dougherty Lawrence A. Dumas Victor E. Ekberg Fritz R. Enius John P. Evans Charles M. Fay Michael C. Felcyn Dewey Fogelberg Arthur J. Friedl Clarence W. Gekler Oscar W. Gerths William R. Click Isadore M. Goldberg Bert Goldbebg Wilton A. Gianotti Theodore L Goldman Lawrence R. Gowan Willard A. Grover Forrest C. Gross Elvin H. Halvorson Sigfred M. Hauge Howard C. Hall Arthur G. Haac Philip A. Halper William H. Hanover William 0. Heathcote LuDwiG A. Herman Louis P. Hiniker Victor Th. Holmstine Lawrence L Hope Russell E. Je:nsen Joseph O. Johnson .IIBIBIBIBiaiBIB 1 3 20 ■1»I«IBIMIBI»I«I«IWIWI» ' " ' «IWI»I«I» ' ' « ' »I Page 300 ' " ' " ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■iw GOPHEJR. ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■I Axel L. Joh.nsojn Gordon R. Kamman Elvin H. Korstad Frederick F. Jumm Aloysius F. Lang Harold R. Leland Bert G. Levin ' illia5i F. Loulan Harold J. Madvic James J. Maher Aston F. Madeira Robert F. McGandy William B. McMurtrie Maurice W. McInerny Frederick H. McKenzie Walter R. Mellem James J. Morrow Robert C. Murdy Edwin F. Nelson Adolph I. NORIN Irwin A. O ' Connor iLLiAM 0. H. Olson L no H. Olander Chester L. Oppecaard Russell A. Patrick Clarence D. PETt;RsoN William J. Pfaender Fr-ank J. Plut Robert H. Ridceway James B. Ross Olaf Rood Richard R. Robinson Cyril M. Robinson Arthur J. Rusche Earl 0. G. Schmitt William H. M. Sebenius Adolph J. Scheid William E. Schroeder Thomas D. Schultz Charles E. Shepard Adolph S. Swenson Kenneth H. Sutherland Herbert E. Thellin Ward S. Thomas Harry S. Thompson William E. Tizzard Leslie W. Varner Pierce Van Camp Owen H. Wancensteen Homer L. Warrick Clement J. Watts Harry M. Weber Barney J. Welu James D. Wheeler Harland E. Webster Harold L. White James B. Wilson John B. Wiggins Morris Wolfe Howard H. Wolfe ' lLLIAM H. Yaeger Eugene Zanger ' mm ■ l»l»l»l«l«IMffWIWI»IBIBI«l»l»IWI«flB I 9 20 ■l«l«l«flWI«IWfflWI»l»l«fl«l«l«l«Hil«l Page 301 ■ laiMiBiBiaiHiaiaiBiaiH ■■■■[■■■[■■■■■■■IM GOPHEJ ■IBI»IMflMIMIMIMIMIWIMIBl«l«IBI«IWI«IWI • 1 r- 4 . 1 -v| - . Company Five Second Regiment Lieutenant T. A. Shedd, Commanding Officer Almo Abell Harold C. Ackerman Harry L. Anderson Jacob S. Blumenthal Harry A. Bloom Ronald W. Boss Ralph L. Brown Rene A. Braden Duane M. Brovan Harold Butcher Allis J. Burccraff William A. Busch John W. Bushnell Donald J. Bi rkhart. Norman S. Cassel Robert Carlson James J. Carnes Paul L. Covell George C. Cooper John E. Compton RuEBEN W. Cornell Edwin C. Culbert Walter P. Damm Joseph W. Dassett Reuben B. Ellestad Ralph L. Erickson Harry M. Erickson David H. Farbatein George E. Pick Abraham A. Fiben Loiis A. Fried Herbert L. Freeman Daniel C. Gearhart Isadore Goldstein William D. Glardon Peter A. Goblirsch Charles Greenberg Charles . Gustafson Ard E. Harris Raymond F. Hoi ihton Howard R. Houghton Marshall I. Howard Orwin C. Hovde Harold B. Hiches Joseph P. Hubert Earl W. Jacobson Henry S. Jerabek Stanley F. Johnston Arthir C. Johnson Harold G. Johnson Axel 0. Lancseth Clarence H. Lanctot John Y. Lebomtz Melville R. Lee Nathan Levin Adolph Levine Gerhard W. Leerskov Jefferson Lichtfoot Harold R. Lundeen Douglas R. Manuel i iaiBiaiaiaiBiaiHiBiBiBiaiBia 1 9 20 ■■■[■■■i»iaiaiaiai " i»i»i» " i»i " ' a ' » ' Wi " i Page 302 l»l»IWI»l«IWIWI«flW4«MI«IMIWI«IBIWIWIW GOPHER ■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■flMI«IWfl« ' W ' «l " l JB .,i ♦ m li- . J yH 7 « - -p-i m Clarence A. Mentzer Harold K. NIeisenhoeldek Arthur I. Mindrim Donald F. Mitchell John K. Moorhead Edwin M. Nvgaard OsMiND Oftelie Relben O. Opseth Benjamin A. Perkins Arthur G. W. Pearson Clifford E. Peterson Clyde M. Rand Raymond A. Rions Frederick W. Riddington- Nathaniel G. Sahlstrom John S. Sibilis Joseph E. Scandlinc Walter F. Saunders Marcel M. Schwartz Merrill W. Seymour Frithiof E. Schold Ora E. Scott Leslie F. Stone Harold F. Strom Russell E. Spear Milton D. Spanton Walter A. Sterling Oscar C. Swanson Himan O. Tenenbaum • Charles C. Thomas Harry G. Turner Albert P. Upton Rey E. Vocler Arthur A. Vollbrecht William C. Warren John A. Warkentin Ralph M. Will ' ajms Harry R. Wells Elmer H. Williams Paul W. Williams Thomas V. Welsh William Wolkoff William H. Woolworth Isaac K. Youngs ■ ■l«IBI«l»l«fl«im » «IMI«l»l«l«l«l«l»ff 1 9 20 ■l«IBI»l«IBI«IMI«IMIMI»l ■ 1 ■ I ■ I ■ ■ ■■■[■[■IBI Page 303 ■ [■fl»l»IWI«l«l«IMIMIHIMI«IMIMIMIMIHIM GOPHER ■l " l«l«l " l«IWIWI«l«l«flMIMI«IMffl»T 3« i Company Six Second Regiment Lieutenant M. M. Evans, Commanding Officer George D. Alexander Lisle F. Atchison Lewis E. Arnold Roy Aure Amos H. Abbott Milton J. Anderson MiNTON M. Anderson Paul D. Austin William G. Baumeister Ogden F. Beeman Karl A. E. Bebc Harry J. Beeman Albert E. Beardmore Chester E. Betcher Hans E. Bernt Samuel A. Berg William Gladstone Bricgs Anton L. Bromenshenkel Roy G. Butler John S. Busch Glen G. Cerney Hugh W. Carpenter Victor H. Carlson Napoleon F. Charrier Edward H. Coe Edgar W. Christensen John S. D. Clark Lawrence E. Crosby Lauren G. Colson LoREN W. Dawson Rheuben p. Damberg Paul S. Damberg David J. Deneen Eltor a. Dehn George B. Deane Francis A. Dever Lyle A. Dills George R. Duncan Jerome N. Dunlevv Orney E. Dunnum John F. Drinkell Rudolph T. Elstad Victor E. Eng uist Charles D. Ellsworth Leslie G. Encstrom Harry C. Elliott Edward L. Espenett Lloyd A. Elmer Dewey H. Erickson James Le Farrel AL x Feder Ross M. Foltz Ernest A. Fieger Arthur J. Fisney Elmer J. Forsberg Henry C. Forbes Carlisle G. Eraser Francis N. Flannigan Maurice S. Gjesdahl Samuel B. Goldberg Earl H. Grocheau Carl C. Hanke Marzy V. Harrington Edward M. Hartzberg Harold K. Hawkey Lehan H. Hamlin Carlos C. Hanson Walter K. Hartman William B. Haliday Edmond C. Hanrahan Lawrence W. Hagelin Robert A. Hackenberc Edwin L. Hanson John E. Hoff Joseph O. Hosted James J. Horning Thobfin R. Hognes Richard H. Hoffman John R. Heinemann Gates E. Hunt Cyril D. Jensen Alphonse N. Johnson Edgar F. Johnson Harvey E. Kapphahn asiaiaiaiBilllS 20 ■l«iHi«iBi»i«i»iwiwi»fi»i«iwi«iBiHi«i«i« Page 304 (■■■■■■■[■■■■■■■[■■■IMIMIMIBIBIBIHIMIBIB GOPHEIR ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■flWIWIHIMIMIMIWIWIMI ■!! Herbert J. Kessel Erwin J. Kersten Howard C. Kelsey Herbert A. Kroeze Harold S. Langland Li Dvic C. Larson Henry Martin Lende Salter J. Lee Osc R C. Lee Raymond A. Lockwood Alexander W. Luce Joseph H. Luce Israel G. Mark Basil C. . L ine Alvin R. Mattson Dewey F. Mattson Emanuel C. Manderfeld Everett J. McCubrey Leonard F. McKenzie Alva Weston Merritt Louis E. Metcalf Andrew L. Miller, Jr. Harold J. Mirviss Alb. J. W. Moenkemoeller Clarence L. Nelson Richard H. Olson John M. Newman Carl H. Newstrom Gustaf a. Nelson William J. Nicholls Bercer W. Nordlien Clay W. Noel Harold Odecaard Paul W. Olson Richard H. Olson Roy a. Palmer Alfred C. Petrich Ernest A. Peterson Neander E. Peterson Elmer A. Pearson Richard M. Peterson John D. Pitcher Clarence R. Price Arnold G. M. Pless John Podosin Thomas L. Pierce Glen B. Ransom Selmer a. Ramsey Robert C. Reck Albrecht H. Reu Clayton Reasoner William P. Reed Oscar L. Rosenthal Edwin F. Rynda Harold R. Rosenthal Theodore Sander, Jr. Pace M. Sartell Joseph F. Sannicolo John S. Schwartz Karl W. Selander Richard R. Simmonds Kenneth W. Smith Lyman L. Silkensen Harry M. Sushansky Gustaf A. Swanson Godfrey Stanius John H. Stechman Garnet A. Stewart Heime A. Sternberg RussEL A. Strothman George A. Specht John A. Swanson FeSTUS p. TlERNEY Clarence E. Toor George L. Tuve SvEN A. Vaule Kenneth C. Tufts Clarence M. Walz Donald V. Westcott Wallace D. Weis Paul R. Wilson MosE E. Wain Lowell L. Williams LuDwiG Joseph Weber Arthur H. Williams Milton S. Wunderlich George Wessals Hugo W. Wahlquist Percival H. Williams Thomas A. White George H. Wade Carl L. Wallfred Herbert C. West Hjalmer Weberc ■ ■■■■i»i«i«fi«i»i«i»iMi«iBi«i«i»i«i« «lB 1 9 20 ■(■(■■■■■laiBiaiaiaiHiaiBiaiHiaiHiBiBiHiai Pcfe 30S ■ IWIWIMIMIWIWIMIMIWIMIMIMIHIB ■■ I ■flWIB GOPHER ■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■I ■ ' ■■ t% t %9.%%% I Naval Unit Lieutenant S. Kazmark. Commanding Officer Ensign A. B. Pedin Emil G. Anderson E. G. Amundso ' Ellsworth Bowman Ayers Arthi R Baker Walter I. Barcen Eduar Ellis Berg Herman Emanlel Berghult HvMAN Walter Bergman Harlow R. Bierma.n Charles Blumer Oscar H. Borchert Milton Borgeson Carl A. Bratnober William Parker Brown Harold Owen Carew Robert Alpha Carr Charles John Clement Arthlr McLeod Cure Joe Cohen Leo C. Cllligan Glenn J. Dahl John Edmund DeCarle Clarence J. Eddy Walter S. Ek Edward K. Endress Arthur Basil Ericksen Raymond Stanford Ericksen Stanley Benjamin Feltl Frank Cornell Finch Harold Collins Fiske Frank James Fox William A. George Paul R. Gronvall Benjamin Franklin Hardin Clayton E. Hemsey Carl Eugene Herr Albert W. Johnson Edwin Werner Johnson Carl J. Johnson Charles Kinsell Johnston Frederick Klass Benjamin Lan Lynn Edward Lande William R. Landin Leonard Otto Langer Maynard Henning Larson Carl Elmer Lebeck Reuben Godard Lee Roy Herbert Liddicoat Carl Henry Linhoff Walter St. Lundee Glenn Matthews Fred James Miska Gray Henry McMenevmy John Francis McDermott James Harry McKay Albert Mooney Carl H. Munson Samuel Brooks Murray Frank Robert Murtha Clifford R. Myre John Fay Neel Nels H. Nelson Walter Nathaniel Nelson Charles G. Nestor John Frthiof Noble Ernest A. Nordstrom Philip Micarous Nugent Arthur W. Olson m I f laiaiBiBiBiBiBiBiaiBiaiBiaiB I 9 20 ■i»i«i»i» ' W ' »i " i«i " ' " i ■ ' ■ ' ■ ■ ' ■i ■ ' " !• ' " ' ' Page 306 flWIWIBI«IHI«l«IMI«IMfl«IMIBIMIMIBIWIM COPHEIR ■■■■■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■IW ' « ' WlWIWIWflWIW ■ ■ OT«r tt% %t%t%n i Mavvard R. Olson RoLAM) E. OsT Jamks Clai ' dewell Peiton Harold W. Peterson Jerome D. Peterson TioNo Matt Porthan Clarence H. Rebney Harold Leon Ripley Ernest Louls Rohde Robert Carroll Rome Harold Alvah Barber Arthir Charles Beckel Walter Edward Beneke Samiel Donald Boyer Roy Walter Brand Raymond Joseph Bros Richard A. Cosh Erxest Harold Cotton Richard Timothy Daly Jr. Archie Joseph Dowd Harvey George Freehauf SiDNEi Alglstis Frellsen Harry James Gee Ralph Warren Hammett Emil D. Hai ser Frank Jdsei ' h Hick Evan Dean Saltzman Morris S. Sampson Ornal Herman Siverson Carroll W. Skocsbergh Mark Slabodnik Jllils Sloan Harry Dewey Sorenson, Kenneth F. Speelman Hugo Earnest Takki nen Walker Samuel Teeson Great Lakes List George Orin Hessler Sander Hougan Frank William Jordan Harold Arneson Jules Roy Fred Korfhace Orlin Oscar Kruse Edward Rudolph Kryger Frank Joseph Kucera George Lee Lindsay William Strahern Mackintosh Donald Eddy NLarshall Elmer Joseph Mohn Clarence Fredrick Moore LeRoy Thi ' rston Oster Walter Triebel Harry A. Tuttle Joseph A. Verville Leonard A. Von Eschen A EDis W. West Levon F. West Elmer Martin Wolff Bernard Wolfson Wilfred Wolfson Robert Lee Yokley Jr. Thoralf Otto Olson William Joseph Paveak Albert Edward Peterson Joe illard Pierson Peter Theodore Reuter Barnard Russell Rothen- BERGER Ernest Warren Seeman Gabe Shuirman Edwin Walter Swanson Stuwart John Thorson Victor Hugo Troendle Ward H. Ventress Edward Henry Vos George Conrad Weiser AltNdl.l) L JclMNSON laiBiBiaiBiBiBiaiBtaiBiaiBiBiaiBiaiaiBiBiB 19 20 ■laiaiaiBiBiaiaiaiBiBiB ' aiaiMiaiaiaiBiaiai Pofe 307 l«l«CI«IMIHfl«l«IMIMIMIHIBIMIM GOPHER ■ ' ■■■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■flMIMI ■!■! U. of M. Marine Corps Lieutenant E. T. Witt, Commamiing Officer Sergeants Harold E. Bricker Charles B. Concdon Corporals Theodore H. Arens Horace Dauchy Richard H. Cantillon Harold A. Anderson Harry G. Armstrong Gordon C. Babcock Edward C. Bather Rodney C. Hastings Walter E. Johnson Guy S. Joyce George W. Getts Privates Clayton W. Bray Frank C. Chatman Lewis W. Childs Lewis L. Crosby Roland A. M.VRTIN MiLo V. Miller Arnold C. Oss John A. Dillan Pail R. Doelz Arne R. Enger Leyden N. Ericksen M«i»iwiwi«i«iB 19 20 ■l»l«i«i«iHfiwiWiwiwi«i»i»i«iai«ffi«i«ii Page 308 IIWI»l«IHI«l«|«IMIM|MIMf IBIBIBIMI,!, QOPHELR ■■■I«IWIWI«IWI1 ■ ■■■■■■■■■IB Donald G. Fletcher Clarence R. Flynn Lawrence L. Footh Clyde M. Fridden Samuel M. Frank Jean C. Graven Donald H. Griffith Arthir W. Groth L4yer G. Hansen Alf F. Harbo Carl E. Hendrickson Arthur S. Johnson Marmn L. Johnson Adrian A. Kearney Thomas A. Keller Edward A. Ketter Everett W. Knapp Plechner Kuh James K. Le Roy Edgar . Reinehtjen Clayton Lewis Robert D. Lindcren William L. Saeks Rudolph L. Schindler Harold W. Lust Hale W. Manuel James A. May Richard A. McGee Allen J. McKay Lloyd S. McKibben Frank M. Scott Alan M. Shearer Chester W. A. Siecmann Dell K. Stewart Raymond K. Swanson Arnold 0. Swenson Paul J. McNally Donald F. McVey iRGiL E. Turner Lewis W. Tifft MORTENSEN Rolf Ueland Jennings L. Connor Roger 0. Oscarson Leigh A. Wallace Edgar P. Wedum Richard C. Patten L x ' exler Earl H. Patterson Ellsworth Peckham Abbot M. Whitman Carl L. Yaeger Leo L. Quist Robert D. Ziegler Silas V. Reedy " ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■laiB 19 20 ■■■■■■■la Patt aof ■ ■!■■■ I ■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■IBIMIBIBIBI :?IMlWIWI«fCI«MIMI«l»IMI«IMIWIW GOPHELR ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■T First Regiment Band Sergeant Major J. A. Lampi Sergeant D. . Kitzmiller lianil Lfdiler Drum Miijor S. E. Lewtn Archibald McQi arrie A. M. Wells C. W. BlERMAN R. B. Anderson E. G. Bergh L. N. Anderson C. A. Anderson W. L. Medalie M. C. MOHN E. C. WiCKTOR B. D. GiLLis A. T. Olson NiLES A. Wedge R. A. Bettin Arthur R. Saari G. C. Brutsch L. F. Rackliffe L. J. Peterson J. Joachim A. B. Roth . M. T. Anderson R. G. Barlow . T. 0. LVSTAD . Cornets R. D. Blacklock . S ' . RoTNEM L. . Downing . R. olGHT W . H. Doty Piccolos Clarinets N. B. Henderson H. M. Ulvick F. W. Doerr . I. WiTTE Horns 0. K. Palmer Saxophones Baritones John P. Toth Trombones John W. Olson W. D. Toepke M. G. Bergan Basses S. W. Salmon V. L. Underw(mji) L. F. Dahl R. T, Randolph E. C. KRDIN C. M. ROSTRIM L. J. Peterson L. H. McCray D. M. Smalley B. a. Bryant H. Vi . Williams L. F. Will H. P. StI CKE . S. Estby R. L. DlNTON H. W. Smetana C. E. Hennen L. C. Anderson A. W. Lervaag D. N. Lindeman R. E. Browne Drums Bass Drum Cymbals Snare Drum F. E. Olson F. J. Q-Hara . G. W. ECKLIND Snare Drum JI»l»fl«l»l«l»l»IW 1 9 20 BiaiWI ■!■ I ■!■ I ■!■! ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■!■ ' ■ ' ■ ' « ' » ' " I ' Past 310 j ■■■■■■■IBIMIMIMIMIHIMMIMIMIMIBIMIMIMIM GOPHER ■ ■■■■■■[■■■[■IWIMlBIBIBIBIBIBIMIMlaiai, £ — — ' HHiBW?PP A I 1 . • T ' . . ■J - i i2 " " ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■fi«iwiMi«i«i«iB 1 9 20 ■laiaiMi Poje 311 ■ iMiBiaiaiBiHiBiaiaiaiaiataiaiaiaii [■[■IWIMIBIBflBflMIMIBIMia IMflMIWIMIM GOPHEJ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■flBIHI flWIWIMIM Greetings, osteiisiblv Irom W oodrow ilson liimself, bulging proudly from their pockets, Minnesotas two thousand prospective soldiers stood about cheerfully for perhaps five hours each, awaiting induction. The most optimistic had no baggage at all. and learned later that even an optimist must have soap. Rear rank heroes of the R. 0. T. C, having become self-appointed top-sergeants, were the leaders of the dav. Noah Webster never dreamed of all the possible usages of the word ' " detail. " But could the war have been won Avithout mops and brooms? : IBIBIBIBIBiat I 9 20 ■l»flWIWIHI»IWIWIW ' » ' " fl«IWI«l«IWI« ' »l Page 312 ■ iwi»i»i«iHi»i«i«fiMiMi«i«i»i»i«iwiwiw COPHELR ■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ Sileiil le?timoiiiaU lo tlie Ar- my " love of order, these neal rows of cots proclaim — an ap- proaching inspeclion. wr M. J Mlim -A ' Always ready and willing to ' will J ijg of service, the " Y " was de- servedly popular with its ex- cellent entertainments and rec- reational facilities. A fine sight, one might truly say; un- less he realizes that in all prohability the time consumed for taking the picture was de- ducted from the time allowed for mess. ■ iBiBiBiBiBiaiaiBia Biaiaiaiaia aia aiB 1 9 20 ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■fi» ' W ' " ' " Hiiwf ' W ' » ' »i Patt 313 ll l«l«fl«l«IWI»l« «IWfWI«l«IWIMI«l«l«l« GOPHEJ ■■■■■[■■■■■■■■■IMIWIIMIMIMIHIMIMIMIMiai For three long months olive drab alone was visible about the campus. During recitation ' " ) hours, however, all men were confined to studv halls. " This here Librarv. an- nounced a military police, for- merlv a prize fighter, " ain ' t no place for vou guvs to sleep, see? " The few moments of rest granted were usually spent in such informal receptions as these. Observe the spirit of quiet contentment. Modern warfare evidently has substituted a plate glass background for the old-fash- ioned stonewalls formerly util- ized bv firing squads. KiHiaiaiajaiaiBiHiBiaiB 1 9 20 ■laiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiataiataiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiai Page 314 ■ ■■■■■■■[■■■[■IWr«flHI«l«IMIBIBI«IWI»IM COPHELR ■■■ ' ■l» ' W ' M W ' WI«l«IWIWIWI«fl«fl»fl " l Verily, " twas a dark aiul gloomy day. Out of the grey past marched the silent roliimn into the world of red tape and demobilization. Sign here, and here, and here. And good luck to vou! ■ l«l«l«l«l«l«l«l«l«l«IWI»IBI«l«l«fl»l«IB 19 20 ■l«l«IBIBi«fl»IBI»l«IWI«l«IWI»IBIWI«l«l«l Pate 31S ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■flWfWflWIHflHIWIWIW GOPHEJ ■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■fWI«l»IWIMI«l«IWI«l»l Activities nnO the college man the war has transformed the mean- ing of activities. Conquering the forces of sea and air, he has created a new universe. And the old world looks on at the stirring cycle of events. ■ I WI»l«IMI«IMI«l«ffl«l»l»l«l«l»IWI " l» 19 20 ■lBI«l«IBiai«l»flWIHIWI»flWI«l«IWI«l« ' « ' Page 316 o ■ [■IWI»I«I«I«IHI«IHIMI«IMI«IMI«I«IBIWI» GOPHEJ » ' ' ■ ■■■I • (■■■■■■■II I liter fraternity Council Offic Dr. James Davies Henry W. Norton Floyd C. Anderson H. W. Norton Eugene C. Glasgow Paul Jaboscak C. P. H. Cantieny G. F. Strong . Charles A. Hatch W. E. Stremel C. A. Rahn . Victor H. Troendle Earl Fischer . A. E. Pierce Gordon Bates . Frank E. Hall O. L. BUHR . G. p. Hough . Theron G. Gerow J. W. Prentice N. H. Tufty . Willard Ballenbach L. j. Pankow C. A. Van Slyke D. W. de Carle Gordon Kamman Members President Secretary A cacia Alpha Delta Phi Alpha Tau Omega Alpha Sigma Phi Beta Theta Pi Chi Psi Delta Chi Delta Kappa Epsilori Delta Tau Delta Delta i psilon Kappa Sigma Phi Delta Theta Phi Gamma Delta Phi Kappa Psi Phi Kappa Sigma Phi Sigma Kappa Psi Upsilon Sigma Alpha Epsilon Sigma Chi Sigma Ah Sigma Phi Epsilon Tau Kappa Epsilon Theta Delta Chi Zeta Psi niaiBiaiaiBiBiaiBia I 9 20 ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■i ■ ' ■ ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■i " " Paee 318 araiaiBiMiaiaiHiaiHiHiaiaiaiHiaiBiBiBiaia COPHUl aiBiaiaiBiaiMiaiiaiHiMiaiHiHiaiaiHiaiaiai ?] 1 ■ ili H B H B B S ■S j Bfe H t flK 1 ' HIk- jUKl K h A La A ' I B k B BI r I H HF |k hK ' M- |E l H V H k- - K ' H a FULLER JOHNSON WINTERS BLOSMO WALZ 1 ■ WILLIAMS ANDERSON DAUM FINGER KERSTEN LARSON | = THOMAS MITCHELL MU.LER ENGSTRIM KROEZE ! Acacia 2 Founded at .Michigan, 1904 j 2 Minnesota, 1900 Number of Chapters, 26 j i Members, 4,100 , ■ Faculty 5 Marion LeRov Birton T. G. Lee C. E. Rudolph ! ■ P. A. Anderson J. S. Montgomery M. H. Reynolds I ■ Gustav Bach man J. E. Moore C. H. Rogers I ■ F. E. Balmer E. E. Nicholson C. E. Rosendahl i i 0. T. Blosmo W. L. Oswald H. R. Searles j Z E. H. Comstock L. B. Pease C. L. Schumann : 5 C. A. Erdman C. H. Petri C. F. Sidener ! -, J. T. Frelin R. V. Phelan A. V. Storm ! 5 F. F. Grant E. B. Pierce F. H. Swift ! ■ E. M .Lambert J. C. Poucher J. S. Young 1 ■ A. H. Larson j - Members ! i 1919 j i L. C. Anderson C. L. Finger A. L. Thomas j j L. A. Daum ]. H. Gammell R. U. Ulvestad ; j L. G. Engstrum 11. A. Kkoeze W. T. Williams - B. F. Filler H. A. .Miller H. A. Johnson ' i 1920 . 5 0. Blosmo C. D. Mitchell : i! 1921 j i C. .M. - alz j i PLEDGES j ■ Prof. . F. Hdlman F. " R. Dorr L. E. Johnson 1 ■ E. B. Ci RREY J. M. Searles J. . Thompson j i! L. H. MacCray I!. . . Leopard H. W. Hawlik j §1 M. C. HmciiKiM E. H. KER.■ TEN L. W. Barry j jj J. J. Heimark j a Fraternities A j ■ Acacleiuic iMR j ■ ■■IBIBIBIBIBIBiaiaiaiBIBIBIBIBIBIBIBIBIBia 19 20 BiaiBI ■ IB 1 ■ IB 1 ■ 1 ■ 1 ■ 1 ■ 1 ■ 1 ■ ! ■(■■■IIIHI ■! BlSli Page 319 ■ ■■■■■■flWIMmflBIMIHIHiaiMIMIMIMIMIM GOPHER ■■ ■l«l«IWI»IWIMIWIWflMfl«flWI«l ■!! HECK BECKEL FISCHER ANDERSON WEBER STOPPEL THORSON FIECER LAUER KESSEL PARRETT HOGNESS BROOKS MATTHEWS FLXLEN JONES Alpha Chi Sigma Founded at the University of Wisconsin, 1902 Minnesota. 1904 Number of Chapters, 33 Members, 2,300 Faculty Dean Lauder W. Jones Dean E. E. Nicholson C. O. RosT F. L. Bardwell F. F. Grout W. M. Laier R. M. West T. M. Broderick Dean R. W. Thatcher C. F. Sidener M. C. Sneed F. J. Alway L. Pease W. H. Hunter R. A. DUTCHER W. H. Emmons H. J. Kessel A. C. Beckel E. B. Fischer M. M. Anderson E. a. Fiecer A. E. Stoppel L. Weber G. ' . Leerskov Members GRADUATE F. J. Wernland POST SENIOR 1919 1920 R. C. Reck PLEDGES E. .1. Jones A. R. Cade T. R. HocNEss S. J. Thorson L. Brooks G. E. Matthews A. N. Parrett F. J. Heck J. Fullen -M. A. Peterson Fraternities Chemical -tl«fl»l«l«l«l«l»l«l«iaiBI«fl«l» 19 20 ■■■[■fl«IBI»l»IWI»l»l»l»IWIWIBIMIWI«fl»l Page 320 ■ l»i«l»l«l«IMI«flBIM|B,,,B,„B, ,,„,,, GOPHER ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■I iHiBiaiaiHiMiai WITT WOODWAKD CONNER CREMER LIND CARLSON CHILD KELLER BIERMAN NORTON RUMPF SW EITZER NESBIT LELAND SHEARER LPHAM HAMMER KELLY Alpha Delta Phi Founded at Hamilton College. 1S32 Minnesota, IS92 Number oj Chapters, 25 Members, 8,811 Dr. Amos W. Abbott Ralph M. Barton Franc P. Daniels Dr. IS1LLIAM atts Folwell Faculty Dr. Henry L. Williams Dr. Pall W. Giesler Dr. Rae Thornton LaVake Edmund Newton Dr. Fletcher H. Swift Members 1919 Harold T. Nesbit 1920 Harlow R. Bierman John P. Ganssle 1921 Harold W. Carlson Lewis W. Child Sidney R. Hammer Thomas A. Keller Clarence H. Conner Judson A. Grenier John Lind. Jr. Lawrence S. l. nch NL RK J. Anderson Ormlle H. Henry 1922 PLEDGES C. Walter Rlmpf Henry W. Norton Niel W. Upham William S. Kelly Ryland J. Rothschild Alan . L Shearer Rolf Ueland Lark E. Nesbit J. -Mearl Sweitzer , l ln R. Witt John C. Woodward Ernest F. Rumpf Frederkk H. V ' ilcox Frat ' riiitit Academic 2»i«l«l«l«l»I«l«IBI«l»l«IPIMI»IMIMiaia|B 19 20 ■l«l«fl«IHI»IM|MIMIBIWlaiMlM|M|B|B|B|,|, Paie 321 ■iBiai iBiBiBiBiBi iaiaiHiaiaiMiaiBiB)Mi!a COPHELR ■(■iM HiBiHtaiHiBiB BiB Bi»BiwB " i ■ 1 iS m i K k r M ' Hl I ? i H v « B httm ' ' ■IB ' " B I hbMf " l l Bj L bmu KL ' K. -- - ft " I H " 1 j Bm ' ' ■r HIRi ' ' Br ' iB i l K i t v ■.!§ ■ ■Wmf ,11 mbh! " t - i Hvl ' ' ' ! Wi ' ' ' i Mi: " : i 1i MHsulv Hli jaS T B— ;;=m ' ' IhL- " J Hbh k Hb B I KINLEV HANSON 1 1IL N(;llLO(ID EVANS WILSON HANSON KOENEMAN ELY GOODRICH = KNOBLAUCH NELSON MILLER JOHNSON PRESTON g Alpha Gamma Rho ! fouuiifil (It Iliinois, 1903 ■ Minnesota, 1917 Number of Chapters, 12 ■ Members, 1,300 ■ Faculty 1 Dr. Carl W. Gay A. V. Storm ' Members ? 1919 i FoRDYCE Ely Edwin A. Hanson s E. J. KoENEMAN MaRCELLUS KnOBLAUCH = Guy Preston ' 1920 ■ Edwin C. Johnson Nels L. Nelson ■ Harold Goodrich Clifford Finley ■ Harold S. Hanson Leland Youncblood ■ 1921 ! RoBLEY Evans g PLEDGES - Thorval Tunheim Rudolph Schindler 1 W ;| Fraternities ' Agricultural - voiBIBiaiBIBiaiBiaia 19 ?.» ■1HiaiBIBIMiaiaiBiaiBIM B BI IBI IM " l " , Page 322 ■iBiaiaiaiaiBiBiBiBiaiBiataiaiBiaiBiaiaia QOPHEJl ■laiaiaiBiaiaiHiaiHiaiBia aiBiBiaiMiaiHiB 1» ■ i ■Mj 1 P H v B l t} BHMSi HMK " Mii . bmC H HF fl Hs Tw ' P KT 9 K jl K . S B l l 9 ' ' wUMn ' J RK ' flHR- K HbL ' 1 wL Ky ffHwy jHBl K H = LAPIERRE BROVrS MOEKSCH PETERSON ' GEYMAN GEAREY = = CROWL SISLER CLiLLIGAN BENJAMIN BR.ATRUDE CROW MILLS 5 ■ McFARLANE BRA. TO LARSON NER. D MATTSON HAYNES LINEER PEDERSEN ■ Alpha Kappa Kappa ! Number of Chapters, 1.898 i i ) nnesotn, 1898 Number oj Chapters, 1898 ■ Members, (),22I ■ i Faculty ■ Dr. L. B. Baldwin Dr. E. S. Geist Dr. L. W. Pollock i i Dr. R. 0. Beard Dr. a. L. Hamel Dr. W. R. Ramsey ■ ■ Dr. p. D. Berrisforu Dr. E. W. Hansen Dr. C. A. Reed = 2 Dr. E. H. Beck.man Dr. H. G. Irvine Dr. J. H. Simons = - Dr. F. S. BissELL Dr. E. -S. jLiDD Dr. C. R. Stanley j = Dr. W. F. Braasch Dr. F. Knapp Dr. A. Sweeney " 5 Dr. D. F. Cameron Dr. E. a. Loomis Dr. S. E. Sweitzer ■ ■ Dr. W. C. Carroll Dr. C. H. Mayo Dr. H. L. Ulrich ■ ■ Dr. W. C. Cole Dr. E. p. Moersch Dr. L. B. Wilson ■ i Dr. a. R. Colvin Dr. C. E. Nlxon Dr. C. B. Wright j i Dr. W. H. Condit Dr. a. Owre Dr. G. L. McWhorter = = Dr. L. J. Cooke Dr. 0. Owre = Members ■ ' " 1920 ! — Alloys F. Branton Alcot S. Lineer Leo Mirphy - 2 Manley H. Haynes Clarence M. Larson Anton H. Nerad 1 Roger M. Mattson ■ 1921 j g Walter G. Benjamln John Ci lligan Herman J. Moersch § = Earl R. Crow Lloyd E. McFarlane Willard C. Peterson = — Verne C. Crowl John L. Mills Arthur H. Pedersen " 1922 i ■ Verne S. Gearey Harry F. Bayard . rthlr P. Lapierre i ff Milton J. Geyman Alex E. Br(]H Clifford E. Sisler = Earl Bratri dk - - PLEDGES i ■ Oscar J. Blasmo Harold L Prendekgast Irwin A. O ' Connor ■ ■ RussEL Gates Leo Cullican Rueben H. Waldschmidt i Carl S. Gydf.son § 5 Fraternities i ! Medical w 1 ■ ■■•■•••■•■•■iBiaiataiaiaiaiBiataiBiMiaiBiB 19 20 ■laiBiaiBiBiaiaiaiHiHiaiaiHiBiBiaiaiaiaiBii Pagt 313 ■ IWI»I«IBIWIWI«IBI«IBIMIM1MI«IWIMIWIWIW GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■IW ' ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ " PORTEK PlEKiO.N K. M. PtlERSUN ft ILLIAMS klNoSLEV CLKRV LLXE ROY FOLTZ HANNAH LENDE MERRITT DALY McLEAN MAYER A. E. PETERSON CRIMES P. I. PETERSON Dl ' NCAN SANDER ELSTAD LARSON LOCKWOOD Alpha Kappa Sigma Foundei! ill Minnesolii. 1911 Members 1919 George R. Duncan Rudolph T. Elstad Ross M. FoLTZ David Grimes E. B. Curry Norman W. Kingsley Walter J. Larson Henry M. Lende Richard T. Daly Alexander W. Luce Mjlton D. McLean 1920 Myrl J. Williams John L Hannah Albert E. Peterson Joe W. PiERsoN Theodore Sander Raymond A. Lockwood Albert F. L yer P. Irvin Peterson Richard M. Peterson 1921 Alva . Merritt Roy a. Palmer Thurman H. Porter jNIilo C. Roy PLEDGE Harold H. Morrill Fraternities Engineering aiHiHiaiaiaiBiaiaiBiBiBiBiBi ' iBi 1 9 20 ■■■[■i«ibi«i»i«iwi " ' » ' " i iwi " ' ' " ' i i " I " i Page 324 i«i«iwi»iwi«iwi«i«i«i«iHi«iaiHfiMiwi«i» GOPHE.R ■■■■■■■i»iMi«iwi«iwiwiwiwiwi»i«fiwi»i«i KLEINSCH.MIDT JOHN BEEMAN STEWART DAMBERC DAVIDSON LARSON BLENGER DAMBERG DEANE WRIGHT KING HAMMETT ANDERSON KORSLUND Alpha Rho Chi Founded ut Iltintiis and Michigun, 1914 MinTU ' sola. 1916 Number oj Chapters, 4 Members, 362 W. F. HoLMAN E. W. BlENGER G. B. Deane M. .1. Xnherson 11. M. Davidson O. F. Beeman P. Damb erg 1.. H. Bakkin ].. H. Bl KTON C. J. Dock FacultY S. C. Burton Members 1919 S. V. Wright 1920 1921 G. A. Stewart PLEDGES F. M. Mann E. O. John R. W. Hammett F. A. Kleinschmidt H. J. KoRSLUND R. Damberc E. Larson D. T. Graff A. R. Kleinschmidt F. S. Ml 1( IK MAN Fraternities Architectural i«iwi«miBfiMi«i«iBi»i»i»iBi»i»i»i«i«i»lB 19 20 ■■■[■[■■■[■i»fi«iwi«i»i»iBiHi«iHiMi«i«iMri Page 32S II»1»I»IMI«I«1« MIWIBIBIBIMIMIMIMIBf IBip GOPHEJ ■■■■■■■IMIMIMIWIWIW W MI«l«IHf «tWI«ll BILLINGS PATTERSON SIMS SWANSON ELDRIDGE O. WANGENSTEEN JAROSCAK LEBECK C. WANGENSTEEN Alpha Sigma Phi Minnesota. 1916 BOZETECH C. BrEN Anders J. Carlson Thomas F. Gallagher Warren L. Hanna Charles H. Eldridge Carl E. Lebeck Alfred G. Patterson Leon M. Billings Clarence E. OlsoiS Herbert Holm Boyd W. Robinson Leighton p. Smith Founded at Yale, 1845 Number of Chapters. 20 Members, 3,107 FacuItY Percy W. Viesselman John F. Murphy Cyrus Northrop Members 1919 1920 1921 ENDEL C. LiNNER 1922 Lowell Tifft PLEDGES Paul Jaroscak Owen H. Wangensteen Robert C. Rawson Charles T. Wangensteen Gerhard Neils Kenneth H. Sims Raymond K. Swanson Emil Steiger Ward S. Thomas Pierce Van Camp Fraternities Academic ■ !■!■ ■laiaiaiBiBiBiaiBiBiaiBiB 1 9 20 ■iaiaiaiHi« aiaia BraiBiaiHiBia{aiaiaiaiBi Page 326 fiwi»i»i«i«i«i«i«i«i«i«i«fi«iBi«i«iwi» COPHEIR ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■wi« ' wi»««i«iwi«iw ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' SHERPING SCHWEDES CLEMENT BOHNEN J. McDERMOTT BOCKSTRUCK G. McDERMOTT W. REYERSON OLSON PATTEN ERASER HAY KIMBALL BASSE LAN HESNAULT MELLENTHIN GLASGOW P. REYERSON SPRAFKA Alpha Tau Omega Founded at yirginia Military Institute, 1865 Minnexola, 1902 Number of Chapters, 72 Members, 14,500 Dean E. P. Lyon Prof. S. H. Poppe Paul Reyersox Eugene C. Glasgow John F. Sprafka Willl4m Mellenthin Wallace E. Reyerson Carlisle G. Eraser George T. McDermott George B. Hay Harold Clement Alexander Bockstruck Faculty- Members 1919 1920 1921 Lawrence K. Lawler 1922 George Olson Prof. J. T. Frelin Prof. T. G. Paterson Ralph . .Scherpinc Walter J. Hesnault Ben Lan Royal Hasse Miles E. Lawler Richard C. Patten George Kimhall John F. McDermott Arthi R Bohnen Harry W. .Schwedes Fraternities Academic ■ iBiaiaiaiaiaiB ■laiaiBiaiBiaiaiaiMiaiaii 19 20 ■iaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiwiaiai«i«i«iaii Page 327 ■ ■[■■■[■IMIMIMIBIMIMiaiBIMIBiaiMf IMia GOPHER ■! ■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWIMI«frWI«IMI»l ■!■! ELY FRLDDEN HAISER WAITE WORSHAM KALDAHL Alpha Zeta Founded at Ohio Stale University, 1897 Minnesota, 1905 Number of Chapters, 25 Members. 3.130 M. ;. Alwav A. C. Arnv W. H. Brierlev A. Boss C. P. Bill Leroy Cady E. G. Cheyney Dr. C. W, Gay C. H. Bailey W. L. Boyd Faculty S. B. Cleland R. C. Dahlberg F. P. Daniels Dean E. M. Freeman S. A. Graham T. L. Haecker R. E. Hodgson P. J. Olson Members HOyORARY ASS0CI.4TE W. L. Oswald A. G. Ruggles GRADUATE F. W. Peck A. G. Tolass Dean R. W. Thatcher w. d. alleau A. D. Wilson H. B. White G. E. Weaver Dr. R. a. Gortner E. C. Stakman J. P. Wentlinc w. j. koppen John H. Beaimont Fordyce Ely Warren Waite Harloh Bierman Henry Kaldahl I ' llO Edwin Gai mnitz 1920 Theodore Odland E. B. Brossard Clyde M. Frudden Clinton G. Worsham Levden Ericksen Fred Haiser Fraternities Agricultural ;BI«1«IMI«IMI«I»IWI»IMI«I»I«IWIW ' »IW 19 20 ■l«IHI«flPI»l»IBIMIWI»IMIMI«iaiHIWI«l«l«l Page 328 ■ [■[■■■{■[■[■[■[■■■IHIWIMIHIMIb1mIMI»IB gopher ■ I ■!■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' S. COOK OLMSTED KLOAN CLEHON ADAMS ALLKN HOLTZERMANN LAKKIN SMITH ENGLE JOHNSTON REGAN OWEN SANFORD DAVIS BENSON CANTIENY HOLT HAUSER ANDRIST BRONSON HIGHES Beta Theta Pi Founded at Miami College, 1839 Minnesota, 1889 Number oj Chapters, 79 Members. 23,041 Members GRADUATE David E. Bronson 1920 Stanley E. Hit.hes Victor R. Andrist John E. Holt Stanwood Johnston Kenneth M. Owen Arthur C. Regan J. D. Holtzermann Richard H. Olmsted George Larkin Frederic S. Cook George Cook Robert M. Bell Charles P. CA ' T1ENY George Benson Frederick K. Hmser 1921 Ri DVARD E. Davis 1922 A. Edwahi) Floan PLEDGES Tiel p. San ford Frederick C. Atwood Donald R. Engle Angus M. Smith George C. Clefton Philip K. Allen AN C. Adams A. Barton Williams Clthbert Randall 1 raternities Academic iBiBiBiaiaiBiaiaiBiBiBiaiBiBiBiBiBiBiBiBi 19 20 ■fiBi»iaiaiaiai»fi» ' " ' " iaiwi " i«f I ' ! ' Page 329 ■ l»l«l«IBfl«IWf IMf IMIMIMf l,IB,,l,l, GOPHER ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■flWIWI«IWI«l«l»l«l» LOYE WARNER FRENG FORSTER GEGCIE CHASE BIXBY LOWRY COUNTRYMAN STRONG HENRY Miniiesola, 1874 Lyall Decker L. W. Jones G. Fre deric Strong Myron O. Henry WiLLARII W. Bi BY Frank R. Chase, Jr. Wendell Warner J. Forrest Yetter Henry H. Adams William Cook James Slocum Chi Psi Founded at I ' nion College, 1841 Number of Chapters, 19 Members, 4.236 Faculty Colbert Searles Members 191Q Coord F. Roosen 1920 1921 PLEDGES Donald Barnard C. A. Reed J. S. Abbott Roger S. Countryman G. Markham Lowry Burton E. Forster Percival E. Loye William H. Frenc James C. Geggie, Jk. Clifford C. Cowin Lowell Bartlett Frederick Archambo Fraternities Academic ai»i»iBi»i»i»i»i»iw 1 9 20 ■laiHiaiaiBiBiBiaiBiaiBiaiaiMiBiHiHiaiaiHi Page JiO ■ flWI«l«l«l» ■IBIBIWIBIMIBIMia iMiMf f GOPHER ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ «««l«l«IMfl»l»IWIMIWI«IWIMflW MAcARTHliK HOLMfcs JOHNSON HATCH HARRIS HEALD MUDGE BUTTZ UAVIS JOHNSTON SMITH METCALF DREWS Minnesota, 1S92 Herbert H. Drews Herbert H. Harris George A. Heald W. Leland Buttz Clarence Johnson David D. Smith Herbert Stewart Clair St. John Albert Llger H. Blaine Asplin Robert L. MacPhail Earl G. Berch Delta Chi Founded at Cornell, 1S90 Number oj Chapters, 73 Members, 4,812 Faculty Henry J. Fletcher Members 1919 1920 Charles A. Hatch 1921 Clifton C. Holmes 1922 PLEDGES Alan L. Metcalf Norman E. Mudge Sinclair MacArthlr Stanley F. Johnston Louis A. Davis Bovn D. Vance Anthony Nelson William Mauchan Archibald McQuarrie Clark A. Selerid Harvey E. Maxfield 1 ' aI L R. DoELZ Fraternities Academic ■ ■i»i»iMi«i« ■ ■ ■ ' ■i«i«i»i»i«fi»fi«iMi» 19 20 ■laiaiaiaiMiBiaiaiBiaiBiBiaiaiaiaiHiaiaiMi Page 331 Ifl iaflHIHIWIBIBIMIMIMIMiaiHIBlMIBIMIB GOPHER ■ ■■[■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWI»I«I« ' » ' " ' ■ ' ■ ' KKAFFT UW1ER CROSBY CASWELL THISS TWLOR DAVIS WYATT STFEMEL EMERY SCOTT O ' CONNOR Delta Kappa Epsilon Minnesota, 1889 H. S. Abbott F. J. Abbott R. A. Baker Phil C. Binc Cyrus Northrop Charles A. Savage Lewis L. Crosby Walter E. Stremel Founded at Yule. 1844 Number oj Chapters. 43 Members, 21,300 Faculty Richard Birton John W. Hitler J. T. GeROI LD J. C. LeCompte H. P. Ritchie A. C. Strachauer Members 1919 George C. Emery 1920 Jennings L. O ' Connor Oswald S. i att D. E. Dw-iER Edmund Taylor Walter Davis Cecil Watson Henry Borden Dewey F. Gruenhacen 1921 Ulric Carl Scott 1922 Charles Thiss PLEDGES Bradford Field Austin Caswell Edwin Krafft Robert Bi tler Stanley Hahn Fraternities Academic ■ ■fBIHiafBia 1 9 20 ■fl«fl»IHI»l»IWIMIWIW ' " IWIW ' «IBIWI l«l " ' Page 332 ' » ' ' " ' » ' I ■ ' ■flWI ■■■■■IB I ■■■IBIM I ■!■!■ COPHELR ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■IWI«IWIMI«I« CAMPION RKGMER H l,F. DdllSUN WIBEKG JAMt THORNTON HANSEN LAN HARRINGTON LASSON JOHNSON DAVIDSON KLINE HAWLEY REED KRAUSE CARPENTER BRANDT HEDBURG EGDAHL Delta Sigma Delta Founded at University of Michigan, 1883 Minnesota. 1894 ISumber of Chapters. 30 Members, 3,842 Faculty Dr. N. J. Cox Dr. G. M. Damon Dr. H. S. Godfrey Dr. C. a. Griffith Dr. T. B. Hartzell Dr. C. Herman Dr. R. E. Marker H. R. Brandt E. R. Carpenter R. L. Hedbirc N. J. DOBSON W. H. Hacen H. . Hansen K. I. HiiwE M. F. Campion M. Harrington M. Feigal F. V. Schradle Dr. H. J. Leonard Dr. H. a. Maves Dr. R. S. Maybury Dr. W. C. Naegeli Dr. M. O. Pattridce Dr. p. S. Parker Dr. C. E. Rudolph Dr. J. F. Shellman Members 1919 R. K. Hawley L. C. Krause F. V. Davidson 1920 E. L. Johnson F. S. James 1921 Dr. W. D. Vehe Dr. J. M. Walls Dr. Chas. Wiethoff Dr. a. S. Wells Dr. a. B. Butters Dr. Y. F. Thom Dr. Geo. Estes R. P. Kline S. G. Mara R. R. Reed H. I. Ecdahl B. Lan M. H. Thornton P. B. IBERG PLEDGES H. McKay Geo. a. Lawson P. N. Regnier E. J. Murphy L. C. McCarthy Fraternities Dental ■ lBl«l«IMI«l«l»l«l«l«l«l«l»l»l»i«l«IMI»l»IB I 9- 20 ■■■I«IBI«l»l»fl«l» I WIMiai«IWI«IH IW I«l«IHI Page 333 ■ IWIWIMI IBIBiaiHIBMilMIMIMf IBIMIBI, GOPHER ■■■■■IWIWI»l«IWfflWf fWIWflWf l-LltK KAH.N Kit;; DI.EECKER JENSWOLD HOUGAN SHERMAN GREER FLINN BROS BRIGGS Delta Tail Delta Fuundcd lit Bethany College. 1S59 Minnesota. 1859 Number oj Chapters, 60 Members, 15,610 Faculty Samuel H. Hovt Members Kenneth Bricgs 1919 Paul A. Flinn Ray J. Bros Charles W. Greer Carl A. Rahn Val, Sherman 1920 John Bleecker Ronald B. Ries Sander Houcan Louis A. Gldek 1921 Henry C. Jenswold James W. Anderson Gordon C. Babcock ' Bernard Bros Dana Eckenbeck Joseph Frey 1922 John Herron Arthur Lapierre Ralph Maxson E. N. Peterson Earl Shaw A. M. Whitman Fraternities Academic gi«i«i»i»fi«iwi«fi»i«i«i»i»fi«IB 1 9 20 ■l■l■l■l■l■l■l■l■l■l■l■l■l■ ■l■i■Ml■l■!■l Page 334 ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■flWIMIWIMIMIMIWIWIW GOPHER ■l " IWIW ' MIWIW ' WI«l«l»l« ' »t»l«fl« ' «l»H MACKINTOSH VALLACHER liRBAHNS MARA PLTERSON TROENDLE Delta Upsilon Founded at Williams College. 1834 Minnesota, 1889 Number oj Chapters, 44 F. L. Adair John H. Gray Carl A. Herrick H. H. KiLDEE Harry C. Lawton Patrick E. Harris Guy Hilleboe Theodore L. Vallacher Jerome Peterson Faculty A. J. Todd Members 1919 Samuel G. Mara 1920 1921 3. C. LiTZENBERG J. G. Moore J. C. McKinley F. W. Springer C. S. Salt Gordon J. Cummincs Rolf C. Aurness Victor H. Troendle, Jr. William Clymer Robert D. Urbahns Robert Hadden William S. Mackintosh Henry M. Wilson Harry V. Croswell David S. Goode Warren Tingdale Robert Taylor PLEDGES Stewart ISaird Stanley Thiel Donald Ziegler Robert Murphy Donald McCampbell Fraternities Academic [■r«IBI»l»l«l«IMI«fflWIMI«IBIMIMI»IMIWI»IB 19 20 ■fIBIWiW I ■!■ I ■ I ■ I ■!■! ■! Wi ■l»fl«Hll«l«l«l Page 33S aiaiaiBiaiBiBiBiBiaiaiBiBiaiaiBiBiaiHiaiB GOPHER BiBiaiBiBiaiBiaiBiBiBiBiMiBiBiBiBiBiaiaiB|| m H H - FvliuL; ' ' a S I mS Btlt-i J f kjMMs 1 ! M BiM-irr ■ McKEE HAUSMANN SAWYER BUMCARDNER a BRANHAM OSCARSON McMlRTRIE g FISHER WINSLOW HART !AN ROBERTS i Kappa Sigma ! Founded at the University of Virginia, 1867 - Minnesota. 1901 dumber of Chapters, 84 ! Members, 16,100 - Members i 1919 ■ Walter K. Hartman Raymond Winslow 1 Roger 0. Oscarsom Edward Anderson 2 George H. Hardisty Earl Fisher ■ 1920 a Thomas P. McKee Leon Branham a Ellsworth A. Roberts j 1921 - Glenn Sawyer Li verne Haismann i 1922 ■ William B. McMi rtrie Liuts T. Bi mgardner 5 PLEDGES m Clarence Mentzer ! Fraternities - Academic laiaiaiBiaiBiBiBiaiBiBiBiBiB 1 9 20 aiBiBiBiBiBiBiaiaiBiBiaiaiaiBiaiB ■ raiaiaia Page 336 GOPHEIR ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■It n i rti DANIELS FOWLER WARNOCK MULLER PLATOU HAUSER RLMPF DENNY CHURCHILL HENRY WIDEN MULHOLLAND GAMBLE SMITH RICHARDSON SHANNON WYATT KINSELLA DOWNING KENNICOTT Nil Sigma Nil Finindett at I niifrsily uj Micliigan. 1S82 Miniifsiilii. IS ' JI Mfmbpr.s, 6,057 Number uj Chaplers, 32 Asa J. Churchill Louis A. Hausf.r HoDKIlT II. KeNNICOTT Harold T. Nkshit W. H. Hanson Howard I,. Emu Fraternities Medical Faculty Dr. J. S. , bbott Dr. R. J. Rizer Dr. A. S. Hamilton Dr. F. E. Burch Dr. J. T. Rogers Dr. G. K. Hagaman Dr. E. D. Brown Dr. R. E. SCAMMON Dr. W. P. Larson Dr. J. F. CORBETT Dr. F. W. Schultz Dr. T. G. Lee Dr. C. R. Drake Dr. J. P. Sedgwick Df. C. 0. Maland Dr. C. D. Freeman Dr. A. C. Strachai KH Dr. J. C. McKlNLEY Dr. J. .S. GiLFILLAN Dr. S. M. White Dr. A. W. Morrison Dr. a. R. Hall Dr. A. A. Zierold Dr. F. H. PoppE Dr. E. .1. HnNEKENS Dr. F. L. Adair Dr. H. P. Ritchie Dr. W. a. Jones Dr. J. Butler Dr. H. E. Robertson Dr. a. a. Law Dr. J. T. Christison Dr. J. L. Rothrock Dr. J. C. Litzenberc Dr. L. E. Daughehtv Dr. J, P. Schneider Dr. a. T. Mann Dr. C. A. Erdmann Dr. F. H. Scott Dr. H. E. Michelson Dr. E. L. Gardner Dr. ]. H. Simons Dr. T. a. Peppard Dr. A. J. Gillett Dr. G. E. Strout Dr. C. E. Ricts Members 1920 Dr. F. R. Wright J. Bain Carey ThOS. J. KiNSELLA W. Ray Shannon Wendell L. Downing Harold E. Richardson Adam M. Smith Claude J. Ehrenberc Oswald S. Wyatt 1921 Harry A. Daniels Erlinc S. Platou Charles C. Gault L. Haynes Fowler Wu,FORD E. Widen R. Theodore Muller Myron 0. Henry Walter W. Denny G. Fredric Strong 1922 Stanley C. Mulholland Ralph W. Warnock Ross M. Gamble PLEDGES Hak(ii.ii O. Lund .). W. Prentiss Orin Lee Hay .1. Si ' UKZKM Victor P. Hauser Walter C. Rumpf H. P. Radtke Donald W. de Carle Gordon R. Kamman Charles E. Shepard Charles T. Wangensteen Wiii.rwi H. Rumpf ■ D imiBiaiBiBiBii ■ ■■ I 9 20 ■•■■■■■ ' ■■■la Page 337 ■ IWI«l«l«l«l«flBmi«|«IBIBIBI«|Mf IMIM GOPHER ■■■ ' ■■■■■■■IWIWIWIMWIMIWIHIBIMIMI fla lie ANDREWS WILSON OPPEGAABD LAMPI CERBER BOMAN FINIC REO ' IER VAIL KINSMAN DOYLE RYAN SI XUVAN REICHDORF JUERGENS SMITH OTT JONES LELAND Ai;REl.H. ' S LEOPARD LARSON HtRSCHFlELO VENTRESS MONACHAN LARSON CHRISTIANSON MINERS SANDEEN LANCE MILLER HEIMARK BADtiEK HERRMANN SILVERN ALE BERCHEIM BEHMLER LOCK EN HAAS VEACH FRENCH Phi Beta Pi Founded til Iniversily of Pittsburgh. 1891 Minnesota. 1905 Number of Chapters, 34 Members, 6,571 Dr. E. T. Bell Dr. H. E. Binger Dr. p. F. Brown Dr. W. E. Camp Dr. L. a. Calkins Fred W. Behmler Martin C. Bergheim Henry S. French Aloys T. Haas Julius J. Heimark Siegfried F. Herrmann Lucius F. Badger, Jr. Harry W. Christianson Larry D. Doyle Charles F. Flocken Paul G. Boman Raymond M. Eppard Walter Fink Walter C. Andrews j. r. aurelius Arthur L. Herman Faculty Dr. W. a. Fansler Dr. E. M Hammes Dr. J. .S. NL GNiE Dr. F. S. -McKinney Dr. F. J. Pratt Members 1919 Hugh T. Jones Alfred E. Lange Oscar E. Locken Harry A. Miller Martin C. Ott 1920 Frank C. Kinsman Herjian yy. Juergens LeRoy J. Larson George A. Miners Byron S. Robinson 1921 MiLO Gerber Frank R. Hirschfield Ray W. Monachan Edward A. Recnier 1922 Ernest W. Lampi Harold R. Leland Leonard W. Larson ALm rice W. McInerny PLEDGES L T. Dahlin Dr. E. T. Richards Dr. L. G. Rowntree Dr. S. p. Rees Dr. C. A. .Stewart Dr. Rood Taylor Arthur F. Smith Faus Silvernale Chester Stewart Roland L Stewart Thomas 0. Young Oscar L. Veach L RK E. Ryan Lawrence F. Riechdorf Raymond L Sullivan ' lLLIAM StRASSER Henry W. Sandeen James B. Vail Ward H. Ventress B. a. Leopard Chester L. Oppegaard Warren E. Wilson Fraternities Medical ;«iMi»iwi«i»iBiBiMi«i«i«iwf 19 20 ■laiHiBiaiBiaiBiaiaiBiBiaiaiHiaiHiHiaiHiHi Page 338 [■[■[■■■■■fi«i«i«fiwmi«i«i«iMiw ' " ' " COPHE.R " " 4iMiaiaiB aiHiMiaiHiaiaiBiai WASIELEWSKI MAYO KINGMAN NELSON KELLER TAYLOR JONES THIBODEAU DARCAVEL ANDERSON BLAIR Phi Delta Chi Fivindcil at University of Michigan, 1883 Minnesota, 1904 Prof. G. Bachman Dr. F. K. BiTTtR H. E. Anderson J. B. Mayo J. B. Darcavel J. H. Blair E. F. Nelson J. V. .Sherwood H. N. Smetana G. N. Nelson Faculty Dk. E. L. Newcomb Dr. C. H. Rogers Dean F. J. Wullinc Members loi ' i 1920 L. L. Thibodeau 1921 A. H. Taylor PLEDGES G. J. Kingman H. I. Wasielewski W. C. Dargavel K. K. Keller V. E. Jones Ernest G. Swanson Louis T. Walechka W. A. Dawley Fraternities Pharmacy m i«i»i»i«i»iBi«i»i»iBi«i« ' »i " ' » ' »i " ' " ' " ' » ' » 1 9 2 O ■i«i«i«i»i»i»iwiwi» ■ iMiaiataiaiB Page 339 [■■■[■■■[■[■IMiaiMIMIBIMIBIBIB GOPHEiR ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■l«IWIWI»l» m m m i i i ■ " ' " — " •■ ' " ■ l,liJERG MiH: (I powers JOSF.PH HOOTHROYD McGlNMS BE.Ml!- LANDBERO LUTZ VanWAGENEN PILLSBURY MOON GRAHAM ZIEGLER REEVE COFFMA.N O ' KEEFE JORDAN SWIFT STORM Phi Delta Kappa Officers R. H. Jordan President W. E. Johnson I ice President W. D. Reeve Secretary W. A. ZlEGLER Treasurer Faculty L. D. CoFFMAN A. V. Storm A. W. Rankin M. L. Van Wagenen F. H. Swift R. W. S:es A. M. Field Members GRADUATE J. V. Ankenv R. H. Jordan W. P. DwYER C. H. Meade H. Graham S. R. Powers W. E. Johnson W. D. Reeve W. R. Smith 1919 P. E. LlITZ ' V, ' . A. ZlECLETJ Fraternities Educational laiaiBiBiBiBiaiBiBiBiBiHiBiBniii I 9 20 ■ laiHiaiBiBiBiBiaiBiaiBiBiaiaiHiBMiaiHiHi Page 340 ■ IWIBIBIHIMfiaiHIMIMf IHIMIMIBIBIMI1I, GOPHER ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■I ■■■IMIWI«IWI»I ■!■ WILDEK SCHOBER LKftlS (..IMMIN CRAY TEEL PIERCE TRIEM MARSHALL Phi Delta Theta founded iil Mitinii Iniversily. I34S Minnesdla, 1881 i,mher of Chapters, 84 Member.s, 21.91)0 Arthir S. Hamilton Dean George B. Frankforter Thomas G. Lee Faculty Charles E. Teel James Gray- Edmund G. SCHOBER Charles Howe Clayton Lewis John McGi llen Richard Lang Charles Klanchard Members I ' ll ' ) 1920 Alano E. Pierce 1921 E. J. Leinenkucel 1922 Frank O ' Loichlin PLEDGES llos M II Brown Thoma B. Hartzell En EK hard p. Harding William H. Condit Clarence Marshall H i.i ' H H. Triem Robert Wilder Edward Lewis Merlin Cummins E. George Filton Palmer Osterman Clarence Tuttle Fraternities Academic ii»i«i»i«i«i«i»i«iaiai»i«i«iMiaiBiaiMia i 9 20 ■laiaiaiaiMiBiBiaiBiaiaiBiaiBiBiMiaiaiaia Paft 341 IBIHIHCI«l«l«liilMIMflHIMIWIMIMI» GOPHER ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' COULT FREITAG E. BENZ L. EDER DAVLIN DOBLER BATES STARR McGUIRE LUEDTKE JORDAN H. EDER G, BATES Phi Gamma Delta Founded at Jefferson College, 1848 Minnesota, 1890 Number of Chapters. 61 Members. 17,412 Dean L. D. Coffman A. C. Krey R. H. Jordan P. Smith E. S. Platou Frank W. Jordan Howard T. Eder Graham Mc Guire Merrill Starr Carl Dobler John Merrill Hewitt Syme Robert Hudson Faculty D. Ford Dean J. R. Allen W. Allan Notestein Members GRADUATES 1919 Anthony Tomasek 1920 Gordon R. Bates 1921 Max Freitac Lawrence F. Eder LoRiN Luedtke 1922 Lyman Coult PLEDGES Otto Mueller Malcolm Aldrich W. F. HOLMAN S. J. Buck F. W. WiTTICH J. ' . Weum R. T. Mueller Herbert Benz Lucas Bacon Edmund E. Bates John Pitcher Lavelle Dalvin William Eberlein Garfield Kachel William Coulter Fraternities Academic ;BiaiaiaiBiaijiiBiaiBiBiaiBi«19 20 ■iMiwiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiwiafiaiaiaiai Page 342 ■ ■■■[■■■■■[■■■[■■■■■■■iwiMiBiMiMiBiwiwia GOPHE.R ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' HOUSE SCHMID KOHL MARTIN GILLEN WANDERLICK DEMPSEY HOFFMAN BICKNELL NICHOLSON MACKIN PALLET FISCHER FROEMKE OSS BARTLETT CH.ASE CRANDIN HALL Phi Kappa Psi Founded at Jefferson College, 1852 Minnesota, 1888 Number of Chapters, 46 Members, 8,286 Dean William R. Vance Chauncey G. Chase Frank E. Hall Arnold C. Oss William J. Dempsey Edwin E. Paulet Edgar H. Bicknell Faculty A. W. Olmstead Members 1920 1921 1922 Dk. Carleton Brown William W. Grandin Marshall Bartlett Maynard C. Froemke J. Howard Mackin Frank J. Hoffman Clarke A. Nicholson Mario M. Fischer WiLLARD P. ScHMID Mairice U " . Martin William H. House John H. Gillen William L. Kohl J. 11RI(IS Wanderlick I ' LEDGES Edward A. Lynch Stephen Q. Shannon Fraternities Academic laiaiBiaiBiBiaiaiaiaiaiaiBiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiV 19 20 ■iai«iaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiwiaiai«iafia Page 343 ■ IMIMIMIBIBIMiaiBIBIBIMIMIBIMIBIMIBIBI, QOpH£ | ■! ■IWIMI ■IWIWIMI ■■■[■■■I ■■■IWIMIBIWI ■!■ CURTIS TIKH RADTKE E.NkE TOLLEFSON STONER HUNT BEMEKE HALE FOOTH ARNTSON BUHR NELSON Phi Kappa Sigma Founded at the University ol Pennsylvania, 1850 Minnesota, 1915 i ' umber of Chapters, 29 Harry A. Daniels Nkal a. Arntson Walter E. Beneke Oscar L. Buhr Fred Curtis Fred Enke Dudley C. Hale Leo Buhr Russel Collins Lester Friedl Members. 5,82S Faculty E. W. Davies Members GRADUATE 1920 1921 LeVV1 ' . TiFFT PLEDGES Walter N. Denny Lawrence L. Footh Gates E. Hunt Paul Clark Nelson Herman P. Radtke Earl A. Stoner Donald G. Tollefson John A. Nagle Herbert A. Schacht Vincent Snell Fraternities Academic IMIMIBIMIMIBIBIMIMIMIMIMIBIB 19 20 ■IMIBIBIMI ■!■! ■ I ■ I ■!■! ■! ■! ■!■! ■IWIWIMI ■!■ Page 344 ■ IBIBIMIHIHIHiaiBIBIHMiaiBIBIB BI l •COPHER ■■■■■[■iwimi«iwi« ' «i» ' " ' » ' ' »i " | " ' ' " ' ; LUNDHOLVI SODERI-IND MKVEK HLCHTHUSF-N LEE RICKER FLACSTAl) HULTKRANS LIDDICO T HANSON CRITCHFIEEO SIMONS MORROW ROEHLKE LOWE BICEK " ' " ' f , „„ LlUUILUAl n. HEDENSTROM JOHNSON DUBBE SPRAFKA NORRGARD DOYLE DAVIS ZANUER Phi Rho Sigma Minnesota, Dean E. P. Lvon Dr. C. C. Chatterton Dr. S. E. Kerrick Dr. J. W. Lee Irl R. Davis Frank G. Hedenstrom George C. Doyle Albert E. Flacstad Hjalmar M. Berce Ralph J. Critchfieli) Charles E. Merkert Clarence A. Han )n Arthur G. Liouicdat Robert R. Dixon Peter C. Engelhard Willis M. McC.ov Fraternities Medical Founded at Northwestern, 1890 ;y0.5 Number oj Chapters, 28 Members, 4,483 Faculty Dr. H. p. Nordley Dr. Joseph Stratte Dr. L. W. Barry Dr. - . D. CoRNiEA Members 1919 Urmlle N. Nelson Frederick Dubbe Herman X. Fasbender 1920 Henry T. Norrgard Henry G. Zancer Joel C. Hultkrans 1921 .Severin Rldie Joseph F. Bicek 1922 Paul F. Meyer . rthl:r B. Roehlke Adolph L. P. Huchthausen PLEDGES William B. McMurtrie Earl O. Schmitt Dr. F. J. Lawler Dr. Horace Newhart Dr. IvAR SlVERTSEN Dr. C. . Undine Arthur C. Johnson Joseph M. .Sprafka Arthur M. Llndholm Ralph A. Soderlind Richard H. Lindquist ILLIAM H. RlCKER Benjamin H. .Simons Earl R. Lowe James J. Morrow Severin Ri die Fred Van Valkenburc Howard H. Wolfe iaiaiBiaiBiBiBiBiaiBiai l " iEi ■ laiaiaiBiBiB 1 9 20 ■i«l«i«i»iwi " i»i i ' »i ' ■ ■■(■laiHiHiBiaia Page 34S ■ flBI»l«IHIHlW1«IMI«IM|HIMIMIM|MIMIM|Mia GOPHE.R ■ I ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■fl ■■■■■l«l ■ ' ■! ■!■! I=! HANM S ENDRESS KEUTER BAYARD BROWN GATES REHNKE HODCKINS McHALE BRAND HOLLAND HOUGH BERNT DEVER LINDSAY Phi Sigma Kappa Founded at Amherst, 1873 Minnesota, 1910 Number oj Chapters, 30 Members, 5.143 Faculty Albert E. Jenks Carlyle M. Scott Newton E. Holland Harry F. Bayard J. P. Wentlinc Frederick W. Schultz Members 1919 G. Percy Hough Charles W. Glotfelter T. S. Hansen Alexander E. Brown MiLO G. Flaton Hans E. Bernt Roy W. Brand Henry C. Chadbourn Francis A. Dever Donald C. Hodgkins Cecil J. Mc Hale Roswell Baker Arthur M. Gray 1920 1921 PLEDGES John A. Swart Edward K. Endress RussEL L. Gates Wallace W. Hankins Raymond C. Raiter George Lindsay Peter T. Reuter Carl C. Hanke Graham Mandeville Fraternities Academic iBiaiaiaiaiaiaiBiaiaiaiBiBiaiiilB 19 20 ■■■l«l«i«iHi»i«i«iwiwi»i " iwiwi«THffiHiMi Page 346 ■ laiBiBiaiaiHiaiaiaiaiHMiaiatBiBiaiaiHia GOPHER ■■■laiaiaiaiBiaiaiHiaiBiBiaiaiaiaiai ■!■■■{ |i li 1 ! 1 ■ ■ MOHN GLSV.AFSON MEISSEK MAZL ftlLKE LOOK SI KEHNE NELSON LUNDQUIST NELSON WILL HASS SWANSON ■ GARDNER SCHWEDES ROSTAD PAYNE KROGH THIERS HALLUM WEISER ■ FOSTER WRBITZKY THOMAS ELLIOTT DAUM MITCHELL CLETNE WILLIAMS ANDERSON j Psi Omega m Founded at Baltimore College of Dentistry, 1892 = Minnesota, 1918 Number of Chapters, 46 g Members, 10,536 i Faculty ■ Db. G. ' . Reynolds Dr. Lehman Wendell ■ Dr. V. T. Nylander Dr. P. J. Brekhi s 2 Dr. a. F. Homme = Members - 1919 1 L. C. Anderson J. S. Gletne F. C. Thiers ■ M. E. Cook J. C. Meisser A. L. Thomas m 1 z L. A. Daum E. C. Mohn G. C. Weiser s V. D. Elliott R. S. Payne W. T. Williams = ' J. M. Foster H. D. Rostad B. P. Wrbitzky - B. F. Fuller 0. F. Hallum ! 1920 a A. A. Hass A. H. Maze C. H. Schwedes ■ H. A. Kehne C. D. Mitchell E. C. Swanson g E. C. Lundquist a. L. Nelson L. F. Will j 1921 ■ 1 5 W. M. Gardner E. A. Nelson ■ E. S. GusTAFsoN H. W. Kroch ■ 1922 1 P. F. Wilke 1 PLEDGES i H. F. Eaton , Air - C- Gillenberc i A. L. Hanson :[; x „„,„ R. E. Dockstader i A. D. Stone " " S- " oltz j 5 Fraternities 1 7 " - Dental j jV ' al Si ■ iBiaiBiBiBiBiaiaiataiaiaiBiBiaiBiBiaiBiaiB 19 20 aiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiHiaiaiaiil Page 347 ■ [■[■[■[■[■[■[■■■IMflMIBIBIHIBIBIMIWIB GOPHER ■ ■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■I ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■IW ■■■■ ' ■IWI " I " I " ' CLARITY KUEHN LILLY NICHOLSON H. POEHLER HARTZELL OGDEN MOORHEAn GEROW COLEMAN K. POEHLER Psi Upsilon Founded at Union College, IH33 Minnesola, 1891 yumber of Chapters. 24 Members. 17,000 Henry Nachtrieb A. W. Rankin S. F. Patterson Eugene Lilly Archie F. Coleman Andrew Kiehn II Georce W. Beai Dorx -Mark F. Clarity Robert B. Hartzell John B. Hartzell CoRYDON Jones Harry Tuttle Faculty Members 1919 Theron G. Gerow 1920 1921 1922 PLEDGES F. M. Mann F. C Mann J. B. Pike Kenneth Poehler Harvey R. Ocden J. Kenneth Moorhead Edward T. Chapman Henry A. Poehler Lionel N. Nicholson Edward C. Jackson Harr W. Sth ing lLLIAM H. ILAS Fraternities Academic lHIBiaiBIBIBIBIBIBIBIBIBiaiB a B BII I 9 20 ■fl«l»l»l ■!■! ■ I ■! ■!■ ' ■■ ■■ ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■l " l ■!■ ' Page J-fS ■ {■iBiaiBiaiaiaiBiBiaiaiHiaiHiaiaiBiHiHiB GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■(■■■ •■•■■■■■■■■■iBiaiMiBiBiB IB li ■ P P HI Hn H H B F I ■r. . ■Ba «- ■Kf i Hftl - H B ' - H ' C ' B H 1 v Hti R H BRBM. iiwl |! ■« " H Bt l v Ih JLjl I I " la BL l ftv Hk i B H SIECHMAN FRUDUEN SHtl AKU HATHAWAY WHEELER DAVIES PORTER HAMBURG PRENTICE LUND ■ Sigma Alpha Epsilon Fouiiileii (It Vniversily of Alabama, 1856 Minnesota, 1902 . umber of Chapters, S3 Members, 18,230 Faculty L. F. Miller Members i 1919 Clyde M. Frudden Harold 0. Lund Paul W. Hathaway ,1. Watsox Prentice 1920 Herman F. Davies Warren Hamburg James D. Wheeler Charles E. Shepard 1921 Paul Porter John H. Stechman I ' LEDGES Rorert Sackett Aston F. Maderia Edward R. Peterson I! Fraternities i — 1 Academic ■ l ■ iBiBiBiBiaiBiaiaiBiBiaiBiBiBiaiBiBiBiBia 19 20 ■laiaiaiBiBiBialaiaraiBiBiaiMiBiaiHiaiaia IB Page 349 IIBfl»r«l«l»IMI«IWiaiM|MIMiaiM|B|B|M|M|B GOPHE.R ■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' (jlNGOLU MOSES Sigma Alpha Mu Founded at L ' niversity of eiv York, WOQ Minnesota, 1915 Number oj Chapters, 17 Members, 962 Mandel Levy Ben Gincold Leo Schulman L4i RICE Rosenberg EuwARD Abrahams Moses Buchman Stanley Cohen David Dockman Daniel Jacobs David Kulberc Samiel D. Rubin Members 1919 C. Reno Wilk 1920 Sam Maslon Felix Moses 1921 Max Woolpy PLEDGES George Rosenberg Monroe Shanedling Lewis Shere David Sternberg Bernard Wolfson WiLLFRED Wolfson Monroe Zalkind Fraternities Special iBiBiaiatBiMiBiB BiniaiaiBiBiaia 1 9 20 ■l»i«i«i«iBi»i»Cfi» ' ■ ' ■ ' ■[■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■l ' Page 3S0 ■ [■[■■■■■■■fi«iBi«i«iwiwi«i»i«i»iwi«f GOPHEJ " ' " ' " " " ' ' " ' ' " ' ' " ' " ' ' " ' ' ' ' ' ' I., Mil WALLACE KLUH PRATT CHRISTENSON KKl L(,LK STRAN ;E 1 Wll: III! Kl 1 FURLOW PALDA DOWNS JACQUES WORRELL MLRRAV ,,(ili | V. BDWE HANSON MULHOLLAND WEATHERBY A. (., ROWE TLETV Sifima Chi Foitndfd (il Miami College. IUSS Miiinesutu, 1888 Stanley C. Mllholland Norman H. Tufty Howard E. Strange Charles Palda Harold Krleger LoRiN Bates Delmar LaVoi Hrice Wallace Randall Jacques Frederick Furlow Samuel Mi rr y ! umber nj Chuplers. 71 Mciulirrs. 18J). () Members I ' ll ' i I ' 120 Almn Bowe i ' r2i IniiN Lucas PLEDGES William Hanson Kenneth Godwin Arthur Bowe Bertraai Downs Robert Orb Harold J. Worrell Eli Christenson Lloyd Dickey George Lamb Andrick Pratt Russell Kerr Fraternities Academic Pate SSI ■ ■■l»l«l«IHIWI«l«l«l«IMfl«mi«IBIMIMIB GOPHER ■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■IWIWIMIMIMI Mlai REINECKE JANZEN ' KELLEY IKWIN T. FEENEY BALLENBACH J. FEENEY GRIIYE RVDLUN KINNEY CLEMENTS BLUNT NELSON DUNNAVAN FOSSEN HOWARn BATHER Sigma ] u FounilftI III the I irgiiiiii Mililiiry Imtitiile. l ' o69 Minnesota. 1904 Paul Dunnavan WiLLL M H. Janzen Howard E. Nelson yuniber oj Chiiplers, S4 Members. 1 1,945 Members 1919 Howard Dikman 1920 Willard I. Ballenbach James K. Blunt John M. Feeney Mbrril a. Howard Dr. E. C. McBeath EmviN G. R DLUN Harold E. Jules Jack Phillips Harold G. Reinecke Edward C. Bather Thomas T. Feeney John J. Kelley John Callender Manley Callender Paul J. Strickland 1921 1922 Hale Harrington Clements PLEDGES Charles Irwin George O. Fossen R. Emerson Gruye Elmer Keefe Roger D. Edwards Frank Getchell Fraternities Academic laiaiaiBiaiaiaiBiaiaiBia 1 9 20 ■laiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaia Page 352 ■iBiBiBiBiHiaiHiaiaiHiaiaiHiaiHtBiHiaiHiB GOPHCR ■■■■■•■(■■■laiaiaiBiBiBiaiBiaiaiHiaiaiai — 1 B «- Ki " H 1 Hh Bft Hn BB t- K.v k Lk il. h 1 — 1 a K .- BttK M ft B K I ,5 i b ifl B ' ■■K 1 ' B ' .i a ' nelson cilkerson march DIXON STILLWELL NETZ ANDERBERG . — 1 MOORE SPELLACY PANKOW ' H 1 Sigma Phi Epsilon 2 ' Founded at Richmond. Virginia, 1901 i Minnesota, lOlS Number of Chapters. 4S Members, 4,968 ■ Members 1 1919 A. W. Spellacy C. V. Netz J I-. J. Pankow 1920 ii W. C. Stillwell R. K. Dixon C. F. Moore E. W. McEllicott 1921 ' — R. Andekberc a. Gilkerson K. A. March 0. Nelson PLEDGES E. 0. ScHM DT D. T. Dawson G. M. Swanstrom F. E. Babcock H. D. Ltttle M. J. Babcock 5 w 5 Fraternities Academic ■ (■■■laiBiaiaiaiaiaiBiBiaiBiBiBiaiBiaiaiBiB 19 20 ■■■■■■■■■laiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiMiaiHiHiaiaiaii J Page 353 iiBiHiaiaiBiaiBiaiaiHiBiMiBiHiBiMiB COP HER ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' BUTLER CARLSON H. SEBEMl S WHEELER POWERS PETERSON KERSTEN FRELLSEN HOSTED MELLEM Sigma Rho founded at Minnesota. I ' UO Michigan School of Mines, 1895 Pi ' umber of Chapters, 2 Members, 357 S. L. HOYT Sidney A. Frellsen Clarence D. B. Peterson James D. Wheeler Edwin N. Carlson Edwy ' n G. Rydlun Carl H. Sebenius Oscar B. Anderson E. Malrice Adams John V. Blair Luis de U Echebarria Charles M. Fay Faculty Members 1919 Walter R. Mellem 1920 1921 E. M. Lajibert Joseph 0. Hosted Sheldon M. Powers Erwin H. Kersten Roy G. Butler Trygve Johnsen William H. M. Sebenius PLEDGES Forrest C. Gross Howard C. Hall Fred R. McKenzie William J. Nicholls, Jr. Harry S. Thompson Clarence M. Walz Fraternities Mining ai»l»l«l»IWIWI«l»l»l»l«l»IWI»l " IW 19 20 ■l»IHI«IMIBI«IBflWIMI»l " l«IWI«l« ' » ' « ' « ' " ' Page 354 ■ laiaiiBiBiHiaiBiBiBiHrHiBiaiaiaiMiaiHiB GOPHEIR ■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■iwi ' ' ' " ' " ' PETRICH SALISBUHY R. H. OLSON TIERNEY W. D. REEVE WILLNER NELSON VAN SLYKE PLESS LEE KLNDWALL C. H. REEVE CHRISTENSEN SEARLES BERKVAM COTTON FREEHAUF PETERSON RUDIE LANGLAND CARLSON OLSON GROSS ENCELHART Tau Kappa Epsilon Founded at Bloominglon, Illinois, 1899 Minnesota, 1917 Number of Chapters, 11 Members, 825 Faculty W. D. Reeve GRADUATE Clifford O. Bemis Members 1919 Edgar W. Christensen Howard S. Gross Richard H. Olson Oscar Lee Severin Rudie A. C. Van Slyke C. Philip Carlson Arnold G. M. Pless Harvey G. Freehauf Arthur Hanson William E. Willner Graydon Bachmann M. M. Tierney 1920 1921 Ernest H. Cotton Harold S. Lancland Arthur P. Peterson Alfred C. Petrich C. Hubert Reeve Peter C. Engelhart Clarence L. Nelson Willard C. Olson Glen D. Long F. P. Tierney 1922 Josef A. Kindwall PLEDGES Clayton A. Guenther Griffith Salisbury Hjalmer Dahl Fraternities Academic laiBiBiBiBiBiHiaiBiaiBiBiBiBiaiaiaiBiBiBiB ] 9 20 ■iai«iwiaiwi»iMi»i " ' af ' " ' Wi«iwf w ' ' » ' Pete 3SS IMrMIMI« WI«l«IMIMI»IMflBI«IMI«IB GOPHEJ ■■■[■[■■■■■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■[■■■■■IWIMIMIMI BRANTON FAY HAUSER KLASS KENNEDY TAPPAX deCARLE DASSETT Theta Delta Chi Founded (it Union College, 1847 Minnesota, 1892 Number oj Chapters, 28 Members, 7,996 Faculty Professor .Tame? Dames Dean Giy Stanton Ford Members 1919 Claude Ehrenberc Frederick Klass Alloys Branton 1920 Donald Vi . de Carle Sheldon Powers 1921 Joseph Dassett 1922 Joseph G. Kennedy Norman Bruce Marcus Fay Willl m Tappan Fraternities Academic •■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■•■■■■■■■■■■■l 9 20 ■i«i«iMi»iaiwiMiW ' " i«i " ' " ' «iW ' W ' M ' " ' ' " page 356 ■ ■■■■i»i«i«iMiMfi«iwfiMi«iwi«i«i«iw GOPHER ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ZANGER ELLIOTT HOIGAN ARNOLD DAWSON COE BROS MARSHALL ANDERSON SEEXL NN BERNT COMSTOCK WINDERLICH KAl ' PHAHN KROEZE EMMONS Theta Taii Founded at Miiirw.sot{i, 1904 Number oi Chapters. 10 Members, 974 . F. HoLNL N E. H. CoMSTOCK Raymond T. Bros Harvey E. Kapphahn Herbert A. Kroeze DoNALii E. Marshall E. Harold Coe Sander Hougan Lewis E. Arnold Eugene A. Zancer Frank W. Jordan Walter S. Ek Cl ' ffori) Raiter Peter Kei teb M. T. SiVERLING Honorary Members 1919 1920 1921 PLEDGES 0. S. Zelner W. H. Emmons Milton S. Wunderlich Harry C. Elliott Ernest W. Seemann Edward I. Anderson Theron Gerow Kenneth Johnstcn Hans E. Bernt l.diii . DwvsoN Fred Enke Herbert S. est Howard Strange W. H. t EBSTER K. D. EllWARDS Fraternities Engiiieerini: i«i»i»i»ffi»i«i«ffi " ' » ' » ' « ' « ' " ' » ' " ' " ' 19 20 ■fi«i»i«i»iwi«f ' «fi» ' « «fff wfi« ' »i Page 357 l«l«l«IMI«l«l«IMflMiBIMIMIM|M|M|M GOPHER ■ I ■fl " IMI " l«IWIWI«l«l«IWI«IBI«IMIMI ■!■ GROTH ENCAN OLSON LEE WESTCOTT BERC HANSEN VEBLEN BERGENDAHL ThuUinian Foundetl at Miniifsotu, 1S89 Number of Chiiple rs. 1 Members, 346 Dean Alfred Owrk Prof. J. E. Granrld Prop. H. H. Dalaker Faculty Prof. H. A. Erikson Prof. C. 0. Rosendahl Prof. C. E. Johnson Prof. Gisle Bothne Members Arnold Larson Reuben Ulvestad Locksley D. Berc 1919 Thorolf Olson Ivan Hansen Incvald Veblen k. Edward Bri nsdak Walter Lee Herman Preus 1920 Ray Enc.an Herman Hamre Trvgve Johnsen Earl C. Bergendahl 1921 Edgar Berg Donald Westcott Orlin 0. Krlse John R. Gill PLEDGES Carl C. Sonnesyn Arthur Groth Alfred J. Falkenhacen % Fraternities Special ' v:- ' " Paee 358 Il iBiHiaiBiaiaiaiaiBiaiBiHiHiaiaiaiaiHiHia GOPHER aiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiHiBiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiB la i ■ ■ 1 ■I ■ ■ mmmmw A A a M .1 1 . . lit ■ 51 1 1 14 it ri I ) « 1 } 1 ft 1 % 1 »f f f f f V f f ■ RIEKE H. LOVOLD MEKWIN YETTER SAliSEN WENNERBERC EKLUND DURBAHN H. LARSON BRAUM REPPETO L. LOVOLD SIVINSKI VAN SLYKE JOHNSON NELLERMOE RISK McCRAY lOSET LEPESKA SAHR SWENSON STAFFORD BIERMAN LYNDE F. LARSON THURSTON BRITZU S CONWAY ! Xi Psi Phi i 1 ' j FounJed at Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1889 ] J 1 Minnesota, 1905 Number of Chapters, 36 ll ' Members, 7,216 { 1 Faculty 1 Dr. K. p. Carson Dr. C. F. Otto Dr. W. F. Lasby i Dr. a. a. Pacenkapf Dr. R. 0. Green Dr. H. C. Nelson 1 Dr. j. M. Little Dr. W. A. Roll III ' Members 1! 1919 1 ii! li! j! iji i T. L. Daly R. B. Swenson C. W. Bierman i R. F. Thurston J. H. Conway W. L. .Sahr i J. K. Lynde 0. K. Stafford D. Rodman j F. A. Larson L . . Sivinski A. W. Johnson 1 K. E. Britz.us C. A. Van Slyke i 1920 ji 1 E. L. Whitney H. 0. Larson Roy Ioset i P. A. Risk Ray Ioset B. K. Braum j L. H. Mc Cray ■ D. L. Nellermoe 1 1921 ! H. Rieke G. W. Eklund F. R. Reppeto ! 0. j. If,rwin F. W. Lepeska E. C. Sausen 1 G. N. Wennerberc H. S. Durbahn H. S. Lovou) L. 0. LovoLD F. C. Yetter 1 " 1 PLEDGES i ! 1 P. S. Taylor U. Schuldt E. L. Bergan i G. B. Kellet 0. T. Olson R. H. Ranseen i C. F. Donaldson E. C. Focarty A. J. O ' Louchlin = i Fraternities rttl0Wi% 1 Dental iiaiaiaiBiaiaiaiaiaiBiBiaiaiBiaiaiaiaiaiaiB 19 20 aiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiBiaiaiaiaiaiii|| Page 3S9 !■!■!■ [■■■■■■■[■[■[■■■■■[■■■[■IMIB GOPHER ■■■■■■■fl " IMIWfl«IWI«l»flWI«IWf ' " l« ' a HAWKINS CARLBORG KAMMAN JOHNSON SEARINi; HOFF KELLY RICHARDSON ' FRANCIS WITTER KENMCOTT Zeta Psi Founded at Aph 1 ork L iiiversity, 1847 Minnesota, iS99 Number of Chapters, 24 Members. 9.000 Members 1919 Robert H. Kenmcott Ralph T. Searing Barrel F. Johnson James Hefley Gordon Kamman Eugene E. Hawkins Fritz B. Burns Inghald Remen Evf;rett Rowe Robert Rome Charles Cox Leon Witter 1920 1921 PLEDGES Angus Robinson Harold E. Richardson inal Francis John Hoff Hugh Rosaaen Mc.Master B. Kelly Herbert A. Carlberc Frank Kane Evan Saltzman Harry Thompson Percy Gremsgard G. T. Ellingson Fraternities Academic ' ■IWIBI«1»IMI«I»IWI«I»IB 19 20 ■lBI«IWI«iai»IMIWIMI«l»l»l»fl«l«IMI«l«l»IW Page 360 GOPHEiR ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■i«fiwiwi«i«i»i»i« 9 Pan-Hellenic Council Officers Jean Keller President Adair McRae Secretary-Treasurer I Juamta Von Bohl mi Viola Sommermeyek Adair McRae Doris Slocum Margaret Howarth Alma Boehme Marion Irwin Margaret Brown Jean Keller Helen Stock Helen Harrop Helen Tawney Ruth Randall Kathleen Frazee Virginia Morrison- Alice Gall Elizabeth Nissen Katherine Hartzell Genevieve Hobart Agnes Hanson Mildred Conger Naomi Field Virginia Norby Marie MaStinez Delegates Achoth Alphu Gamma Delta Alpha Omicroii I ' i Alpha I ' hi Alpha Xi Delta Delta Delta Delia Delta Gamma Gamma I ' hi Beta Kappa Alpha Theta Kappa Delta Kappa Kappa Gamma Pi Beta Phi Page 362 ■ [■[■[■■■■■[■[■IMfflMiaiMIBIBIMIWIWIM G0PRE.R ■■■■■ ' ■flWIWIWflWflWfflM ' ! " ' " ' ■ ' ■ ' ' BM V ' Xiii k LI. DyLI T FREDRICKSON BOWER MIELLER LENHART AKKE GAUMMTZ PALM HEIMARK McClLVRA BLAKE Von BOHLAND SOMMERMEYER JOHNSON HAWKINS Achoth Founded March 5. 1 )10 A ' umber of Chapters. 10 Members CRADLATE Violet Sommermeyer Members, 650 Margaret Johnson Christina Gaumnitz Margaret Blake Celia Fredrickson Lillian Lenhart Marion McGilvra 1919 1920 Leon A Lindqlist 1921 Mabel Hawkins PLEDGES Bessie Heimark Edna Akre Jlanita von Bohland Naomi Mueller Naomi Palm Edith James Sororities Academic ■ ■■i»i»i»i«i«i«i«iMi«i«i»i»i»i«i " i " i " i " i» 1 9 20 ■■■[■i«i«i«i»i«iwiMiwiwi«i«iwi»i»i« ' «i«i i Page 363 ■ l»l«IMIBI«l«IMIMHilMIWIBIHIBI«IM GOPHELR ■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■fl " ' « ' ■ ' ■ ' -1 holt davis sl ' nwall. o. gleaso.n mu dail Mackenzie anderson McHI gh forbes challman mcrae cousins harris slocum b. gleason allen Alpha Gamma Delta Fdiiniied at Syrtwuse. eir York, 1904 Minnesota. I ' llS Ji L ' A Hkrrick Mildred Allen Gr CE CHALLMA i Doris Slocum Eleanor Anderson Beatrice Gleason Lauretta McHuch Frances Davis Lois Forbes Grace Gleason Inez Dixon Hazel Hoac Kathr ' in Morse yumber oi (Chapters. IS Members. l.SoO Faculty Valeria Caldwell Members 1919 Frvnces AL cKecknie 1920 MlNLRX I IR E Dorothy Cousins Marian Harris 1921 PLEDGES Hazel Gleason Adair McRae Lyla Holt Ina Haseltine Alpha Mo Merry Mueller AUrcaret Sunwall Helene Larpenteir Winifred Mo ZoE Comer Elizabeth Cooper Sororities Academic :aiBiaiHiaiBiaiaiai«iB)ai iB I 9 20 ■i»i«iBiwfi»i»iwiwiW ' «» ' » ' »t»ffW ' « ' " ' Page 364 ■ [■IWIMI«l«IBffl«IHIMI«l«IBIMIWIBI«IM COPHELR ■■■fl«l»fl«l»l«l«IW« ' « ' « ' « " ' " ' ■ ' ■ ' EGAN SMITH TURNER HOftAKlH DAMELSOX BLCKLEV KENDALL ERLING UANS TIFFT ROSE LOHFF FRANCE KELLOGG HOFF BOEHME ZIEGEL L IER KLINE OLIN Alpha Omicron Pi Founded at Columbia University, 1897 Minnesota, 1912 umber of Chapters, 23 Members. 220 Faculty Mak Ellen Chase Alma Boehme Margaret Kendall Helen Tirner Emily Esswein Rhuda Kellogg LiLA Kline Mildred Hagen Marion Mann Alice Blcklev Elizabeth Bond Rlth Jones Sororities Academic GRADUATE Mary Danielson Members 1919 Irma Egan Doris Lohff Ella Breed Borchild Ebling Lillian Hoff Mildred Halgland LuciLE Ziegelmaif.r Jeannette Smith Margaret Boothrovd 1920 Loi isE France Lillian Tifet Elizabeth Hayes Wynifred Clark Margaret Howarth Dinah Graham Vivian ogel Helen Rose 1921 Edith Olin PLEDGES RiTH Graham Frances (;h ham Gladys Holman Myrtle Abrahamson ■ ■IMI«I«I«I«IMIWI«I«I«I«IWI " ' " ' « ' " IW ' " ' " ' " 19 20 ■l»l«fl«l»l«IWfl»l«l» ' " ' »lWI " ' " ' " ' «l«J Page 365 I ■lBl»lBI«l«IHIBIM|BiaiM|B|, 1,1,1,1,,,,, GOPHER ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IMIWI«IWLWIBIMIMI»IBI« r JOHNSTON LITTLE BREWSTER IRWIN MORRISSEY PRATT LEWIS CLIFTON WILLOUCHBY JOHNSTON EDGERTON INGERSOLL PALMER HARTUNG DUNN COFFEE POEHLER M. BROWN A. BROWN TOOMEY EICHTEN SHARP Alpha Phi FounilctI (It Syracuse. New York, 1872 Minnesota, 1890 Number of Chapters, 20 Members. 3.000 Ada Brown Margaret Brown Eunice Spicer Mabel Coffee Honor Morrissey Georciana Ingersoll Mary K. Hartunc Bernadine Pratt Ellen Catlin Dorothy Lewis Mildred Winter Claribel Eustis Elsie Knudtson Members 1919 Gladys Poehler Lurain Eichten Julia Clark 1920 Marion Irwin Marion Willoughby Harriet Dunn Lillian Taylor 1921 Alice Johnston Frances Brewster Josephine Little PLEDGES Louise Robertson Edithbelle Bartlett Irene Krafft Dorothy Sharp Eleanor Clifton Helen Toomey Dorothy Edcerton Geraldine Johnston Martha Thompson Mellie Palmer Rosamond Hacen Katherine Chapman Faith Bronson Virginia Murray Katherine Sweet Katherine Dodd Sororities Academic ■ ■■l»l«IWfl«IWI«IWI»IWI»IB 1 9 20 ■■■IHIBiaiMIBIBIHiaiHIBII Page 366 ■ ■■■I«I»I«IHIBIMIBIMIWIMIHIBIHIB|MIMIMI» COP HEIR ■ ' ■■■IWI " l " l " f ' » ' « ' »IW ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' M. THORBUS KELLER K. THORBLiS OLMSTEAD MADSEN COEBEL JOHNSTON KAVEL STANLEY EDWARDS SHAPLEIGH KITCHEN HUKEE LEE TRACY BAIHLY SPINK STOCK RYAN BURDICK Alpha Xi Delta Founded Minnesota, 1907 Elizabeth Baihly Gladys Lee Dorothy Ryan at Lombard College, 1893 Number oj Chapters, 27 Members, 2,263 Members 1919 Marguerite Edwards Evelyn Goebel Bertha Hukee Jean Keller Katherine Johnson Emily Kitchen Deloisa Mocler Jane Talle 1920 Mabel Thorbus 1921 Helen Stanley PLEDGES Margaret Spink Helen Stock Mary Tr cy Irene Neimeyer Frances Olmstead Marion Read Zola Madsen Kathrine Thorbus Lota Shaplek.h Dorothy Rost Mary Kavel Sororities Academic Jj |il«l»IMI«IBIBIMI«IMI«IWI«l»iai»IWIMI«l«IB 1 9 20 ■l«l«l»flPIWI«l»IMIHflMI«l1l«l«IWI«l«l»l Page 367 miMlBiaiBIWIWIMIBiaiHIMiaiMIMIBIBIBIBIB GOPHER ■l«l " IWI»IW MIWIWIWI«IWI«fl«IWIWI« MacPHAIL BL ' RKOWS HAEUECKE SHELUUN EDWARDS SHELDUN DONALDSON REETZ BURRILI, ORRELL CARLSON TAWNEY JONES HAWKINS JOHNSON E. SCHURR DW ER HARROP ZEIS ARCHAMBO LESTER ECKLES KNOPP WILCOX ERDMAN MANAHAN GLENESK FRANKSON WELLISH O. SCHLRR Delta Delta Delta Founded at Boston. Massachusetts, 1SS8 Minnesota. 1S94 . umber of Chapters, 60 Members, 8.500 Members 1910 Erna Archambo Genevieve Burrill Helen Birrows Mae Donaldson- Dora Edwards Alice Glenesk Ruth Carlson AL RV Dw er Doris Eckles Elizabeth Jones Isabelle Knopp Gladys Hawkins Elizabeth Erdman Sarah Frankson Anne Haedeke Merab Tipper Josephine Farmer Jean ' ilcox 1920 1921 Gertrude Lester Anne MacPhail Elsie Reetz Ottilie Schirr Helen Tawnev Florence Warner Helen Harrop Kathryn Manahan Beatrice Orrell Elsie Schirr Susan Sheldon Gertrude Wellisch Alice Johnson Florence Sheldon Mela Zeis Acnes Haedecke Pauline Morin Dorothy Gow Sororities Academic ■ I»1«1WI«I«IMWI«I» 19 20 ■1«l«IBI«IBIBIWI«IMIHIBIMI«IWI«l«IWfl«l»l Page 368 laiHiaiBiaiaiHiHiaiHiBMiiaiaiHiBi ■■■iwiw (;;opHE.R " i ' " » ' ' ' » ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' " ' i!!JlJ!,! BE RD N. KLIN VI I ' (,l;l ll,S APl ' l.l n ' l liURRILL RANDALL HOLZERMAN MERGEXS ROSHOLT HUBBARD BENTON SHANNON JONES M«K Y FRAZEE WISE HUNTER M. SCHMITT A. REYNAUD H. SCHMITT Delta Gamma Foil ruled at Oxford Institute. 1874 Minnesolii. IS ' Al Number of Chaplers. 30 Members, 5.000 Faculty Leonora Richards ALERIA LaDD .Members 1919 Mari Hi mkh Winifred Mackai Nona Reynaud Annette Reynaud Helen Schmitt Katherine Wise Margaret Schm tt 1920 Kathleen Frazee Henrietta Benton Kather ne Burrill Ruth Randall Grace Shannon Betty Grimes 1921 Leonora Holzerman Marion Jones Edith Appleby Rachel Beard An i;llle Meri.ens Dorothy R OSHOLT PLEDGES Marion LlBron Dorothy Hibbaud Dorothy Richard-on Helen N ' ebelthau Kathirinf. Di NNV Sororities Academic ■ .-■■■■■■■■i»i«.»i«i«i« i»i " i«i " ' " ' " ' " ' " i " 1 9 20Jiii«iiiJE!ii ' « ' " ' " ' « ' « ' " ' " ' ' " ' ' ' » ' ' ' ' ' Paft 36fl ■ ■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■fi«iMi»i»i»iMi«i» GOPHER ■ ' ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■[■[■ ' ■i»i» ■H,! iB r v PNF H BHf H h " |k ' S l BS. iff ' -«CT .. £ ,J L-SSi HERMAN R. SIMPSON OWEN ERDALL GUNDERSON SCHMIDT COMSTOCK O. FRANK MOTT SKELLET M. SIMPSON RANDALL PRESTON HALLORAN C. FRANK THOMPSON MORRISON AROSIN CALL ROUNDS SIMONS ALDRICH Gamma Phi Beta Founded at Syracuse University, 1874 Minnesota, 1902 Number of Chapters, 24 Members. 2,900 Members 1919 Louise Arosin Jeanne Rounds 1920 Alice Gall Marie Erdall Virginia Morrison Olga Frank Gretchen Schmidt Cecelia Frank Dorothea Simons Nell Halloran Harriet Thompson Margaret Aldrich Frances Comstock Frances Gunderson Helen Hart Gertrude Herman 1921 Jessie Mott Virginia Owen Reine Pino Margaret Preston Martha Randall Ruth Simpson 7922 Evangeline Skellet PLEDGES Alice Bunnell Florence Warnock Alice Kidder Margaret Simpson Eleanor Keyes Ruth Duesler Sororities Academic I 9 20 ■iaiHiMi«i»i«i«i«i»i» ' » ' " ' « ' « ' «iMiwi« ' « ' Page 370 ■ [■l«l»l»IBIWI«l«IMIBWIMI«IMIMIWflWI» COPHEIR ■l»flMIWIWlWIWIW ' W ' »l ■ ' ■ ■■■■l«l« ' » ' ■ ' ■! MARTIN McNALLY SWANSON OILMAN JOHNSON HEWITT FALCONER McNALLY HANNAH HVOSLEF McCREA KOHL R. LYMAN PLATOU O. LYMAN THURBER ANDREWS NISSEN McCUI.LOCH COLWELL ACKLEY HARTZELL GOODRICH COTTON BROWN JOHNSON Kappa Alpha Theta Founded at Depauw University, 18T0 Minnesota, 1889 Number of Chapters, 3S Members, 6966 Members GRADUATE Frances Johnson Frances Ackley Elizabeth Brown Marion Andrews Elizabeth Forssell Adalia Kohl Margaret Falconer Lillian Hannah Viva Hewitt Marion Holst Alice McCulloch Elizabeth Dolsen 1919 Esther Colwell Edith Cotton Florence Dale 1920 Olive Lyman Margery McCulloch 1921 Catherine Hvoslef Beatrice Johnson Dorothy Oilman Ruth Lyman Ruth McRae PLEDGES Bercliot Nissen Hester McLean Margaret Jackson Ellen Goodrich Katherine Hartzell Lucille McNally Elizabeth Nissen Esther Thurber Estelle McNally Blanche Martin Laila Platou Louise Swanson Elizabeth Anderegg Katherine Fraser Sororities Academic ■ IBIBfBiaiaiBIBIBIBIBiaiaiBIBiaiBIBIBIBIB 19 20 ■l«IHI«fl»l»IWI»IWI» ' «l«flWfW ' « ' « ' ' Page 371 IBIBIMIWflWWIBIMIMIMIHIMIMIM GOPHEIR ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ■■■■■■■■■■IWIBflW 1 ( OKQl ' I?T HUBART lil.A ' iTUN DAVI E[kl£KT HOLLENBECK SMALL MILLER HODGDON BARRY CAIRNCROSS HOVEY W!LLL MS TAYLOR HANSON SUNDHEIM SORENSON PETERSON Kappa Delta FounJcil til I irginia Slate Normal, 1897 Minnesota. 1918 Number oj Chapters, 25 Members, 2.000 Patroness Gertrude Reeves Members 1919 Ebba Sorensox Helen Zanger Anne Thompson Frances Hollenbeck Mary Willl ms Ada Cairncross Esther Weikert Lillian Hodcdon JuANiTA Small Mabel Dams Mary Sl llivan Thelma Peterso Dorothy Mlsson Audrey Crosbie Malrine Ho ey 1920 .MaRI SlLLHAN 1921 PLEDGES Marie Sindheim Mildred Peterson Acnes Hanson Hazel Norquist (Jkm.mlm; Hobart Dorothy Clayton Mary Barry Leah Miller Jean Taylor Eleanor Vdi nc Beatrice Gilleece Marie Adkins Gladys Cwanauch Sororities Academic aiafiaiwiMiwiwfiB 19 20 ■i«i«i«iBi»iwiwiHiMiMi«iciBiwf laciaiaf i Page 372 ■ ■■l»IBI«l«IBIBI«IBIHIMfl«IWI«miWIWIM COPHEJ ■[■■■IWI«IWIMIWI«I«IWI«IWIBI«I«IWI»I«I«T lOllD (.. l.U(l |;1. 1M .SALMON BRIOGS ALEXANUEK Jcj l.. V. CROSS Ml RRAY MATHLWS BRUCHHOLZ CONGER SKINNER ANDERSON ORTON EUSTIS MERRIMAN FARNHAM FIELD HOLTON McCARTHY RODGER Kappa Kappa Gamma Founded at Monmouth College, 1870 Minnesota, 1880 umber oj Chapters, 43 Members. 7.31b Members GRADUATE Anna Jones Marion Eisti? Esther Farnham Mildred Farnsworth Naomi Field Sle Alexander Mildred Conger Virginia Cross Elizabeth Anderson Mary Brigg Lolise Brlchholz Clara Cross CoRiNNE Ives 1919 1920 1921 Murlen Holton Agnes McCarthy Prudence Merriman Marjorie Rodger Jessamine Jones Eleanore Mathews Florence Skinner Frances Long Virginia Orton IsoBEL Rising Jessalvn Salmon Beatrice Selovek AR(,ARET TdDD 1922 Edith Mlkray 1E223 ororltle9 Academic [■i»i»i«iai»iMi»iMi«iwi»i»i»i»i»iMiwi«i»lB 1 9 20 ■fiBi«fiBi«i»i»iwiW ' " ' " ' WiMi i ' ' Mf ' » ' Pufc 373 ' ■[■iwiwffwiBiMiwiMiwiwiwiw GOPHELR ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■fiwi«i«fiwi«iwi»i«i»i LEWIS NORBY METCALF CRAIG BROWN UIEKMANN GARDNER MELAND CAMPBELL ERASE MELROSE DONNELLY ALWAY TOAL BETZ AVERY WEBBER HARRIS TODD KENKEL BAIRD FIELD MARTINEZ DU.NLAP Pi Beta Phi Founded at Monmouth College. 1S67 Minnesota, 1896 Number of Chapters, 57 Members. 10.000 Faculty Dean Gertrcde Begcs Gertrude Hull Alice Felt Tyler Members 1919 Elizabeth Vermilye Isabel Avery Annas Kenkel Frances Baird Monica Langtrv Clara Dunlap Harriet Todd Ruth Field Angeline Webber Veta Harris 1920 Marie Martinez Margaret Craig Dorothy Campbell Elsa Diekman.n Donna Erase Frances Donnelly Jeannette Meland 1921 Grace Gardner Filomena Alway Carolyn Lewis Helen Betz Elizabeth Melrose Margaret Brown Virginia Norby PLEDGES MvRA Metcalf Josephine Kenkel Bernice Marsolais Ruth Howard Bermce Toal Kathryn Hammond V ' Sororities Academic iiaiaiBiaijiiaiaiBiBWiaia I 9 20 ■■■ffiMiHi»i«fi " i« ' " i " i«iwi " iw ' M ' « ' «i« ' Page 37-1 ■ ■■[■flMIMIWIMiaiHIHIMIBIBIMIMIMIMIMIM GOPHEJ ■[■■■IMI ■■■■■■■■■■■IWIMI ■ IWIMIMIWIWI ■!■! HH ■ 1 pn V r !■ rP ■ J! " ! CC i k ' f ■ui wl b - — V ' - m " T I V ' |Kl ' H NELMEYER MAVEH DAMELSON HOVNTON BAKl.li BOHNSACK KRIZ HICHTHAISE CREISHEIMER CARLETON BOWER DEANE KING FORD DRIPS DeJONC Alpha Epsilon Iota Founded at L niversity of Michigan, 1890 Minnesota. 1901 Number of Chapters. 10 .Members, 600 Faculty- Dk. Ol(,a Hanson Members 1919 Georgia DeJong 1920 Dr. Margaret Warwick Helen Dean Frances Ford Della Drips 1921 Lillian Mayer Frances King PLEDGES Mabel Baker Rl TH BoYNTON Doris Eshelby Harriet I ' .owkr Esther Greisheimer Ella Bohnsack AUgdalene Hi chthalsen Mary Danielson Rose Kriz Rachel Carleton Irene Neumeyer Sororities Medical ■ ■i«i«i«i«fiBfi»fiHiMi»iai«fi»i«iai»iB I 9 20 ■laiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiBiMiMiaiaiHiBiaiataiaiHi Page 375 ■ [■■■■■[■■■IBIBIWIBIBIMIBIMIMIMIMflMIM GOPHEIR ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■IMI»IWI«IWI«IWIMfl«l«IWI ■!■ HAIN- VIK JACOBS RAYMOND NACKEN ITRDY BURKLES COFFMAN RANKIN ALEXANDER PHELPS MILES MYRON POOLE JOHNSON HINSHAW Pi Lambda Th eta Jean Alexander Frances Morehouse Faculty Frances Kelley Members Ruth Raymond Hermione Dealey Aura Phelps ASSOCIATE GRADl ATE Jam; Hirkles JrniTH JACOBS Glad ' is Poole Colisla Miles Amanda Johnson Evelyn Plrdy 1919 Bessie Nacken Bertha Hinshaw Afra Myron Esther Hain Lilah IK 1920 Ruth Taylor Sororities Educational ■ [■■■■■[■iMiMlW 19 20 ■■■[■[■[■■■i«i»i»iaiwi«fi«iwi«iBWi«i«i»i Page 3 76 ■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■flMIHIWIBIMIWIWIM GOPHEJ ■■■[■■■[■■■[■■■■■[■■■■■■■■■■■IWiaiMJiiT BARSNESS AMIDO.N WILLIS ANDERSON TODD BACON LATHROP STENSETH ASHENDEN HILSDALE McCAKTHY KNEBLE BORGMAV BOYD SWINBURNE YOING HOFFMAN HXWKINS W )!NER FULLERTON BOSS SCHURR Phi Upsiloji Omicron Founded at Minnesota. i9(W Honorary Faculty Mildred eiclev Harriet Gold tein Marion Weller Amy Morse Members 1919 ETTA Goldstein Edna Amidon Helen Lathrop Jennie Anderson Acnes McCarthy Lucy Ashenden Lillian Stenseth Elna Boss Harriet Todd Jean Boyd Aurel Warner Bernice Ft llerton 1020 Bessie W.llis Hazel Bacon Henrietta Hoffman Myrtle Barsness Helen Knebel Syl l Borcman Elsie Schi rr Gladys Hawkins Mildred Svvinblrne Margaret Hilsdale Eleanor Young Sororities Home Economics ■ [■IBI»l»l«IMI«IMI«IWI«l»iai«l«l»IWIW ' " l 1 9 20 ■■■l«l«IBIBI»IMfl«l»IW ' W ' «IWI«l«IWI«l«f ' Poge 377 JI«l»l«l«l«IMffl«IWI«IBIMIMIBIWIMIMIB GOPHE.R ■■ ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ' » ' 1WI ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' » ■ ' ■ ' " ' " I TREACY GRIMES HOGAN PROTHERS FRENCH STORMS PLATOU IRISH HANNAH O ' BRIEN SCALLY PESEK HEMKE ANDREWS KELLER Theta Sigma Phi Founded at the Iniiersity oj Washington, Seattle, 1909 Minnesota. 1916 S umber oj Chapters, U Members, 1,500 Members 1919 LUELLA PesEK Eva Andrews Esther Hemke Dorothy Treacy Bellah Stephan Mary Hartung LiLLiAs Hannah Mildkei) Hoca.n Dorothy Irish Kathleen 0 " Brien Alma Boehme jNrARCARET ScALLY 1920 Kathryn Manahan 1921 Mabel Prothers Jane French Betty Grimes Frances Storms Jean Keller Laila Platol Sororities Journalistic iafl«l«l«l«l«l»l«l«fl«l " l " IWIW 19 20 ■IMI«IMI«IHfl»IBIMIWI»l»l«IWfl«IW ' «ff ' Page 378 M[[i:i,ii.ii[iriiiiii[iiiiiii ' iiiiiHiiiii HONOR SOCIETIES ' ■iBi«iwfi«iwiwi«iw»«i«iw GOPHER ■■■i«i»iw ' « ' " i«i»i« ' «iMffiwi«iwf ' " i« ' E Delta Phi Lambda Dr. Anna Phelan Dean Gertrude Becgs LoRNA Beers Eva Andrews Esther Farnham Elizabeth Lynskey Mae Shannon Clara Ravitch Faculty Frances Kelle Honorary Students Mary Ellen Chase Mrs. Jessie S. Ladd Madeline Long Cora May Houghton Kathleen O ' Brien Annette Reynaud Ella Oerting Helen Too.mey Honorary Creative riting; aiWIMI»l«l«l«IWI«l«l«l» 19 20 ■l«l«l«l«IHIWIWIBIWI«l»l«IWI»l«l«l« ' « ' «W Page 380 ■ ■■l»flBIHI«l«l«flBfl«l«IBIBIBIMIMI« GOPHEJ ■l»r«l»IWI«IMIWfl«IHIMI«flWI«l«l«t ■■■tg ROGERS l ' t CK£ JOHNSON MASLON Delta Sigma Rho AliKAHAMSON JARdSCAK Founded at Chicago. 1906 Miiiiwsola, 1006 Xiimbcr of Cliiiplfis. 46 Members. 2.250 Pall Jaroscak Pall K. AnmHAMsoN Harolu N. Rogkrs Cecil W. Johnson Tracy J. Peyckf. Eli Leslie Oliver Offic Faculty C. F. LlNDSEV Students Thomas Amlik I ' resUleiil SecretarV ' Treasiirer Samuel Maslon Pai L Abrahamson Pai l Jaroscak William liFNiTT Fraternities Honorary Foronsir ■ iaiaiBiaiB«ia ai«iiaiaiBiaiaiB aiBiaiaiB 19 20 ■l»fi»iMiPfi»fi " f ' " i» ' »iW ' " f ' ■ ' • ' » ' ! Pag, ' 381 jiafl»IWI«IMI«IBIBIM«|MiaiBlMIBIBIMIMIB GOP HEIR ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■[■■■(■ »IWfl«l«l«l ■!■! rsA If Gamma Sigma Delta Founded at Minnesota, 1916 Officers A. V. Storm R. HoDcsoiv W. G. Brif.rley C. H. Bailey . F. W. Peck . J. G. Leach R. Arp F. Brunkow L. DeFlon T. W. GlLLICKSON President I ice-President Secretary Treasurer Historian Elected 1918 GRADVATE SENIORS G. Pond C. Klrtzweil F. S. Idtse M. McCarty K. Morrow A. Newhall Fraternities Honorary Agricultural ' iiiBi«i»i»i»i»i«iwiBiMiMi«i» 19 20 ■■■(■■■■■iaiaiaiaiBiaiBiiB aiHiBiaiHiaiBiBi Page 382 ■imi»i»i«iwiwi«i«ibiwimi«i«i«i«i«imISiw GOPHEIR ■i«iwi»i " ' MV«ii " f ' M ' W ' » ' « ' " ' « ' " ' " ' ' « Grey Friars Mark Alexander Norman Kincsley Erlinc Platou R. Ray Reed Elmer E. Engelbert Clyde Frudden Charles E. Olson Enno Knoche Frank McNally Harold Richardson Leo a. Daum David Grimes Paul Dunnavan Paul Flinn Fraternities Senior Honorary ■ IB I •i iBiB Biaiaia aiB ■■■ ■ •■ ■ ■ » " i I 9 20 ■i»iBi«i«i»i " i»i«i»iwi ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' " ' " ' I ' Page 3S3 ■ IMIHflWIMiaiBIMf IBIMf laiMIMIBII GOPHER ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWIMIWf !■!■ Iron Wedge Arthlir C. Johnson Edward H. Coe Lawrence H. Dow Herbert .1. Kessel C. Walter Rlmpf Theodore Sander. Jr. Ward T. Williams Clifton ' . AckersoiN Walter B. Hevler Fraternities Senior Honorarv afiwiwfi»i«i«i»iBi»i«f 1 9 20 ■isiaiaiBiaiBiHiaiaiaiBiaiHiaiaiatHiaiaiai Page 384 BiBiBiBiBiaiBiaiaiBiBiBiaiBiBiBiBiBiaiBia GOPHE.R ■iBiaiBiataiaiBiBiBiaiHiaiBiaiaiBiBiBiBiB ■ ' a — 1 — — 1 — a a - i — - 5 i Lambda Alpha Psi i ■ E. . Olmsted lice-Presiilent ■ ■ ; Clara B. Hankey Secretary ■ ■ Samuel Kroesch Treasurer ■ ■ Members Elected, 1918 ■ jl FACULTY - Carleton Brown I. C. LeCompte - — Josephine DeBoer C. A. Moore — ! S. M. Delson Elmer Stole 5 ■i A. Gervasi J. M. Thomas ■ ■ E. H. Zevdel ■ ■ , Members ■ ! GRADIATE ! i Herbert Clefton Ernest Lussky 1 ■] Camila Henriqiez-Urena Gladys Moriette ■ ■ l J. L. A. HrcHTHAisEN Clara Simon ■ i Gertride Jacobsen Ellen Simon ■ ■ Otto F. Klhlmann Sister Eleanore Michel ■ 2 Sister Jeanne Marie Bonnet g i STlDEy-TS i a F. Llcille Anderson Helen Norris g 2 Mrs. W. M. Babcock Rith O ' Brien j = Ethel Elliott Leonard J. Rice j - Katherine Fobes Edith G. Shelf = ■! Rlth T. Johnson Lucie Tomlinson ! ■ Clara McClusky Ruth E. Underwood ! ■ Robert . Moore Carolyn Vt allace ■ = B ' raternities j = Honorary Language g ■ iBiBiBiBiBiaiaiaiBiaiBiaiBiBiBiBiBiBiBiBiB 19 20 ■laiaiBiBiHiaiaiaiBiaiBiBiaiMiaiaiHiBiHiMi Page 385 ■ ■[■[■l«l»IMIMI«ll ll«IBlMflMI«l«IBI«l»IB GOPHEIR ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■I •■■■■iBiaiaiBiBiBii Omega Eta Mu Officers Ward T. Williams President K. R. Britzius A. W. Johnson . Faculty Charter . Secretary-Treasurer P. J. Brekhus H. A. Maves G. . Damon F. H. Orton R. 0. Green Alfred Owre C. A. Griffith A. A. Pacenkopf H. S. Godfrey G. W. Reynolds T. B. Hartzell J. M. Walls W. F. Lasby 0. A. Weiss L. C. Lawton A. S. Wells Charles Wiethoff 1 Elected B. G. Anderson J. j L Little M. E. Ernst H. C. Nelson Houghton Holliday R. E. Ramaker H. J. Leonard A. A. ZlEROLD Seniors J. F. Shellman W. T. illiams R. L Kraft L. A. Daum J. G. Meisser F. V. Davidson L S. Veblen F. C. Thiers M. E. Cook A. L. Thomas R. R. Reed L. C. Krause H. L Egdahl W. L. Sahr V. D. Elliott R. P. Kline R. K. Hawley F. A. Larson E. J. MOHN L. C. Anderson R. A. Ulvestad K. R. Britzius A. W. Johnson Fraternities Honorary Dental ■ i»fi«i»i»i«i»iBiwi«iBiBiBi»iBi» 19 20 ■laiaiHiBiBiBiaiaiaiaiBiaiaiHiBiHiHiaiHiMii Page 386 ■ ■■■■■■■■■■■ ■■■■■■■■■■ ■■■■■■■■fi«i» GOPHE.R ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' Phi Beta Kappa Founded ill H illiam mid Mary College, If illiannihiir . I ' irginia, 1776 Minnesolii. IS ' 2 Offic-rs Norman Wilde President William H. Bussey first Vice-President Charles P. Sicerfoos Second Vice-President Frederic K. Butters Secretary Solon J. Buck Treasurer Faculty illiam Anderson S. J. Buck C. O. Rosendahl J Be ch Richard Burton G. D. Shepardson Carleton Brown F. K. Butters C. P. Sicerfoos M L Burton H. H. Dalaker David Swenson W. H. Bussey C. P. Fitch J. T. Tate Lilian Cohen Daniel Ford Ella Thorp E D Durand C. B. Frankforter M. W. Tyler W. W. Folwell J. T. Gerould A. B. White G. S. Ford M- E. Haggerty Norman Wilde E l i Freeman Elizabeth Hawthorn Cyrus Northrop J H Gray Sophia Hubman Anna H. Phelan E. P. Harding C. M. Jackson R. R- Price J. T. Hillhouse C. E. Johnson H. B. Roe Rewey Belle Inglis E. J. Lund L B. Ruud Elizabeth Jackson W. S. Miller C. F. Sidener R C Lansing Frances M. L Morehouse E. C. Stakman L C. LeCompte H. F. Nachtrieb F. H. Swift Ruth Mohl H. Newhart J- M- Thomas ■«. R. Myers C. J. V. Pettibone A. J. Todd F. B. Barton J. B. Pike W. R. Vance E. T. Bell A. W. Rankin Helen A. Whitney Elected from Class of 19Vd Mrs. W. M. Barcock Lucy E. Tomlinson Willis E. Johnson Wilma E. Eustis Ruth E. Underwood Louise M. Leonard Clarence W. Greenwalt Charles T. Wancensteen Peter V. Masica Gertrude H. Huntley Katherine B. Yerxa Cora A. Northey Irene O. Keyes Florence W. Cook Jemima E. Olson Georgina L. Lommen Katherine E. Fobes Mrs. L. A. Turner Robert W. Moore Ruth E. Howard Carolyn Wallace Ruth O Ubien Ethel Williams Elected jrom Class i,j 1019 Harriet K. Apel Madeline S. Long Lucile M. Kranz . L rgaret G. Beggin Lohna D. Beers Eleanor Rodinson Fraternities Hoiiorarv Academic ■ ■■■■■■■■ ■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' " 19 20 l«i«i«i " l i» ' " i«i " ' " ' " ' " ' " ' ' ' ' » ' Page 387 ■ [■[■miMIMIHlBIBIBIMIMIMiaiM IBIMIBIHlMIB QOPHELR ■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■I ■■■■■■■I ■ IHIBIMIBIBI ■!■ Silver Spur An Intercollegiate Organization of Junior Men Interested in University Activities Lewis L. Crosby Frank M. Ecan Burton E. Forster Clifford D. Mitchfxl Max F. Stevens NiEL W. Uphaji Theodore L, ' allacher James D. Wheeler Fraternities Junior Honorary : i«l«IPI«l«l«IMfl»l» 19 20 ■l»l«lBI»IPfl»IMIMIBI»IMIMIWI«f«IMIWIHI Page 3SS B ■(■■■■■■■(■(■(■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IB GOPHELR ■(■■■(■■■(■■■■■■■■■iMiaiaiH ■iBiBiaiBiBia 1 - ■ r 1 1 p O 1 T ii — 1 i Sigma Xi - Founded at Cornell. 1886 !§! Minnesota, 1896 umber of Chapters, 30 i Members, 10,750 a Offici-rs ! John R. Allen President ■ L. G. RoHNTREE l ' ice-Pre iidpnl a Royal . Chapman Secretary i Chai NCEY J. . Pettibone Treasurer i Elected 1918 5 FACULTY - G. K. BI BY R. . Brink 5 A. C. Arny j. a. Myers ■ GRADUATE ! J. G. Leach : Irs. Barbara Luxd - Emily Payne Frances Johnson ■ Clarence C. Bal-man Lax Sehma.n 5 ViNNiE A. Pease ■ Fraternities ? Honorary Scientific ' ■ laiBiBiBiBiBiBiBiaiaiMiBiBiBiBiBiBiaiaiaia ] 9 20 ■laiaiaiaiaiaiai iaiaiBtaiaiMiaiMiaiaiaiaii; Page 389 ■ ■■■■■■[■IMIWIBiaiMIHIMIMIMIWIBIHIMIMIB GOPHE.R ■■ ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' Ml W ' ' ' M ' IWI» ' «I " I " I ■ ' ■ ' HAMMEir CUsH OL ' UN ftLNDtliLlCH DLM-AN GOLDBEKG LEE DEVER LANGLAM) ELLIOTT fRELLSEN GRIMES SANDER ELSTAD KAPPHAHN WRIGHT HARTZBERG Tau Beta Pi Founded iit Lehigh I niversity, 1885 Minnesota, 1 109 plumber of Chapters, 35 Members. 7.700 John R. Allen W. R. Appleby T. M. Bains A. J. Carlson A. S. Cutler RiCHARB Cosh George B. Deane George R. Duncan Harry C. Elliott Rudolph T. Elstad S. A. Frellsen Honorary . E. Brooke J. J. Feather Faculty H. A. Erikson E. R. Martin Members 1919 Samuel B. Goldberg David Grimes Ralph W. Hammett E. M. Hartzberg Harvey E. Kapphahn 1920 Francis A. Dever F. M. Mann G. D. Shepardson G. C. Prester W. T. Ryan F. W. Springer Harold S. Langland Oscar C. Lee Richard H. Olson Theodore Sander, Jr. Stewart V. Wright Milton S. W underlich Fraternities Honorary Engineering iiaiBiBiBiBia 1 9 20 ■■■iwiamiBi i iwtM ' i " ' ' ! ' ' " ' " ' " ' " ' " ' Page 390 f ' ■ ' ■ ' ■!■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■fl«l»l«l«IBIWIW GOPHER ■■■■■ ' ■flMIWfffWIMIWIWIMflWIWIMH V Tau Sigma Delta Founded at University of Michigan, 1913 Minnesota, 1917 J. H. FoRSYTHE Floyd W. Brown Donald H. Buckhout George F. Poulsen R. ' . Hammett . u7nber of Chapters, 3 Members, 52 Faciilly Alumni George Fraser Stitdrnts E. W. BlENCER F. M. Mann E. E. FoRSBERG Seeman Kaplan A. J. Moorman S. V. Wright Fraternities Honorary Architectural iBiiiiaiHiaiaiBiBiaiBiBiaiBiaiaiaiaiaiBiaia 19 20 ■laiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiBiaiBiaiaiHiaiaiHiaiaiai Page 391 :;iMIBIMIBI«fl«IMIHI«IM|M|«|,l,IB,,,,IMI, GOPHEIR ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IMI»I ■!■ B White Dragon H. McNeil Burchard Charles P. H. Cantieny Frank M. Egan Burton E. Forster Dewey F. Gruenhagen Philip W. Mars Henry W. Norton Alano E. Pierce Clinton F. Smith Niel. W. Upham Honor Fraternity .IiHiior Interfraternity ;i»iMi«i»i«i»iBiai»iaiaiwi»lB 19 20 ■■■fiaiBiBi»iMiwiMi«i»i«iwiMiaiBiwffiT Page 392 B ll«IWIMI«IBI«iaiMI«IMIB|«|«|MIMIM GOPHEJ ■IBlMfflMIWIWIWI flBI ■■■IWfflMI ■!■ Offi cers Josephine Kenkel President Alice Kidder Vice President Kathryn Hammond Treasurer Irene Krafft Secretary Class Societies Freshman Girls JIBIBIBIBI«I»I«IBIB I 9 20 ■l»IBIBI«l«l»l»IWlMI»IW ' «l«IWI«iBIWIWlWI»l Page 394 I ■ ■■■■IB I ■■■■■■■IMIWIW ' ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' " ' ' " GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ' ' " ' ' ' IEiJ!I r Q Iru I ' iiKifore 1 ■.■.■■■■■.■.■■■.■.■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' 19 20 ■i«i«i«f ' » ' - ' - " ' " ' ' — ' " ' ' " " ' ' ' ' " Page 395 •IMIBIMIMIMlBlBf iBiMiMiBiMi,!,!,,, GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■1WIWIMI ■ ■■■■[■IMIMl ■! Officers Mildred Conger President MiLLA Clement Vice President Margaret Mealey Secretury Margery McCilloch Treasurer Class Societies Junior Girls aiaiaiiiiaiaiaia 1 9 zo ■laraiaiaiBiBiBiaraiBiBiaiBiBiBiMiHiaiHiar Page 396 ■ ■■[■{■■■■■•■{■{■■■■■■■■■■■(■■■■■■■■■(■IB GOPHELR ■ I ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■ ■■■■■I ■■■{■■■■■■■■■■■{ ■■■{■(■I Cap and Goivn Officers Katherine Hartzell President Kathleen O ' Brien Vice President Marie Low Secretary Annas Kenkel Treasurer Class Societies Senior Girls ■ [■{■[■■■[■■■{■■■{■■■(■(■■■{■[■■■{■{■{■C I B J 9 2 O ■■■{■(■■■{■{■(■■a I ■■■[■!■(■[ ■(■(■■■!■ I ■! ■ ( Page 397 jIBIWflMIBIWrWlMIBIMIMIBIMIMIMIHlBlMlMlM GOPHER ■ ■■(■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■•■(■■■■■■■IHIHIHIB Wendell Downing Arthur Johnson Robert Kennicott Leo Murphy Incus Members Oswald ' yatt Manley Haynes Hugh Jones Oscar Locken W. Ray Shannon Class Societies Senior Medical 3iaiMi«i«iH 1 9 20 ■ffi«iBiai»iai«iMi«iaiMiM]HipiBiMiMiBiBi Page 39S ■ ■■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWIMIWIWIBIMIWIWIM GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ " Sigma Tau An honorary organization oj Senior tiomen, uhich has jor the basis of membership and the purpose oj its existence the rendering oj service to the University Mt Eva Andrews Winifred Bailey Ada Brown LoRNA Beers E THER FaRNHAM Alice Gall Alice Glenesk Ellen Goodrich Katherine Hartzell murlen holton Gladys Poehler Annette Reynaud Edna Sontac Elnice Spicer Helen Toomey Marion Wash Katherine Niles Wilson Katherine Wise Class Societies Senior Girls iBiBiaiaiBiaiBiaiBiaiBiBiaiBiaiBiaiBiB ' X 19 20 ■laiaiaiai ■[■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■! wiwf ' ' ' l Pace 399 GOPHE.R ■■■ ' ■i " i " i " i»iwiwiwwiwiiiwi«i«iMiMi«i» Officers Walter K. Hartman President Fred Klass Vice President Paul Hathaway Secretary Clyde M. Frudden Treasurer Class Societies Senior Interfraternitv ■ iBiaiaiaiBiBiaiaiB 19 2o ■laiaiaiBiBiBiHiaiBiiBrBiBiaiHiaiHiHiaiaiaii P age 400 i ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■la GOPHER ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■iwiwiMiwiw ■ ■laiBiaiBiai Officers Edmino G. Schober President John Herrox Vice President Fred Stone Secretary LoRiN A. Luedtke Treasurer Harold Krlecer Social Chairman Class Societies Sophomore Interfraternity l«l»l»fl»IWIMIMI«IWIMI»IBI«l»IMIBIBI«|H 19 20 aiaiai ■■■ I ■■■I ■!■! ■!■ I ■!■! ■IMIBIMrMIBiaiBli Piiec 4111 ■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■[■IMIWIHIMIMIBIMIMIMIB GOPHEJ ■■■■■■■■■■■flWIMIBIWIMIWIWIHIBIBIWI ■!■! Officers Henry W. Norton President Eugene C. Glasgow Vice President Charles P. H. Cantieny Secretary Walter Stremel Treasurer Aland E. Pierce Social Chairman Class Societies Junior Interfraternity ■ iBiaiaiB I 9 20 ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■[■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■I Page 402 SELF-GOVERNMENT [■[■]WI«I«IHIMIMIMIMIMIMIMIM|M|M|M|MIM1M GOPHE-R ■■■ ' ■■■I ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■■■IWIMIWIWIWIWIWIWI ■!■ STRONG OLSON FKELLSEN GROSS HOLT DREWS MARTINEZ ELLIOTT AU-UniversitY Council Officers Herbert H. Drews . Richard H. Olson . Marie D. Martinez Virgil D. Elliott . President I ice President Secretary Treasurer Members ' il John Hoff Gladys Holt Coord F. Roosen Helen Toomey Marie D. Martinez ' ' Bessie C. Willis Fordyce F. Ely Frank H. Heck Howard S. Gross . Sidney A. Frellsen Virgil D. Elliott Herbert H. Drews Richard H. Olson Gladys E. Poole . G. Frederic Strong Acad cademic Agricultural Chemistry Pharmacy Mines Dentistry Law Engineering Education Medicine 3iaiHiaiaiBiBtaiBiaiaiBiB 19 20 ■laiaiaiBiMiBiBiaiaiMiBiaiaiMiBiaiHiaiaiBi Page 404 ■ [■l»l»IHIBIMiai«l«IHIMI«IMI»l«l«IWIWIM COPHE.R ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' WASH BROWN ANDERSON HOLTON FARNHAM DELAPLANE HAUSER SHAMNON ZESBAUCH REYNALD VAN NESS WILLIS FORSSELL BAILEY EUSTIS DUNN W omen ' s Self-Government Association Board Officers Winifred Bailey . Elisabeth Forssell Elizabeth Anderson Carol Eustis . Members Dean Gertrlde Beggs Katherine Hartzell (Jkace Shannon . Helen Halser . . Delight Allen Bessie Willis . . Martha Zesbalgh MlI.RE Bir ' meister . . Marion Wash Esther Farnham . . Annette Reynaud Elise Van Ness . Lelia Delaplane . . Ada Brown .... ,[ean Keller . (li.Aiivs Poole . . . H UIilET DlNN . . ll III. EN HoLTON . . President Vice President Secretary Treasurer Ex-Officio Senior Reprcsenlative Junior Representative Sophomore Representative Freslunan Representative Agricultural Campus Representative Educational College Representative Nurses ' Representative Big Sister Chairman Social Chairman Social Hour Chairman Chairman Shevlin and other buildings House Council President Student Council President Pan-Hellenic President All-Lniversilv Council Representative If . A. A. Representative Manager If ' . S. G. A. Hook- Store ■ ■laiBiaiBiBiaiBiBiaiaiBiBiaiaiaiBiBiMOIB I 9 20 ■iwr«i«iBiHi»ffi» ' Wiw ' " ' «iWi«f ' W ' ' " ' Page MS ■ flWIBflMIHIBIHIMIWf IMIMIMIM COPHE.R ■■■■■■■■■IMI«IWI«IW1WI«I»IWIMI«I»I»I ■!■ i Big Sisters Officers Marian Wash Dorothy Edcerton ( Elizabeth Nissen j Chtiinnaii Assislanls Members Mildred Abbetmeyer Mildred Allen Genevieve Anderson Marion Andrews Margaret Beccin Alma Boehme Grace Bosworth Margaret Brown Marjorie Gates Eleanore Clifton Mildred E. Conger Edith Cotton Margaret Cross Lelia Delaplane Elsa Diekmann Bernice Durkee Dorothy Edgerton Edith Empey Louise Erosin Naomi Field Jane French Laura Glotfelter Helen Elizabeth Grimes Katherine Haktzell Frances Adams Eleanor Anderson Eva Andrews CORINNE AsKECAARD Norma Bierbauer isabelle borceson Ada Brown Catherine Cassilly ALary G. Cleary Milla G. Clement Helen Cornell L RGARET Craig Helen M. Deane Jeannette Dennison Annabelle Drenckhahn Ethelyn Dustin Ruth Elliott Carol Eustis Meredith Evans Louise France Hazel Gleason Dinah Graham L RY K. Hartung Frances Hollenbeck j L RGARET HoWARTH Georgiana Ingersoll Geraldine Johnston Margaret Kendall Lila Kline WiLLiAN Knapp Olive Lyman ' iMFRED ] UcKay Eleanore Mathews Margaret Mealey Honor Morrissey Katherine Norman Bertha Peik Lai ra Peck Hi th Randall Annette Reynaud Mildred E. Scott Dorothea Simons Edna Sontac Esther Thurber Helen Turner L RI0N Willouchby Alice Wyvell Dorothy HumsTON Marion Irwin Rhoda B. Kellogg Annas Kenkel Dorothy Klosterman J L DELiNE Long ALVRGERY McCuLLOCH Adair McRae Marion Matson Prudence Merriman Elizabeth Nissen Ella Oerting Gladys Poehler Alice Peterson Edith Redlund Gladys Ryan Helen Sether Dorothy Sharp Frances Storms Helen Toomey Marion E. ebster Katherine ise I L deline L ybauer 192 O ■■■•■■■■■(■■■laiBiaiMiBiaiaiHiBiaiHiaiaiBi j ■IWIWfl«l«IMIBI«IMIMIMiaiBIBI,IBIMI„, GOPHER ■ ' ■■■flWIMIWfl ■IWIWI ■! ■ ■■■■■■■■■■laiH DWYER KNEBEL HILSDALE WORSHAM KADLEC HANSON ERICKSEN WESSEL Student Council of the College of Agriculture Forestry and Home Economics Officers Clinton Worsham President Amy Wessel Secretary Helen Knebel Treasurer Members AGRICULTURE Clinton G. Worsham Edwin Hanson HOME ECONOMICS Margaret Hilsdale Ethel Kadlec Helen Knebel Amy Wessel FORESTRY L N. Ericksen d. Edvvaki) Dwyer IIBIBIMiaiMiaiMIMIWIWI iaiMIMIMIMIMIMIH 19 20 ■[■■■■■■■■■flMIHIMflWIMIWIWIMIHIMIMIMIMI Page 407 ■ ■■[■■■[■[■■■laiBIBIBIMIMIMIBIBIMIMIMIK GOPHE.R ■ ' ■l " IWIWI " flMI«IWIWI«IBIWIBflWIWI ■!■! I ELLIOTT OLSON GROTH PETRICH JILES ENKE WRIGHT Student Council of the College of Engineering and Architecture Officers Alfred C. Petrich President Arthur W. Groth Vice President Harry C. Elliott Secretary Harold A. Jules Treasurer Members 1919 Alfred C. Petrich Edward H. Coe Harry C. Elliott Stewart V. Wright Richard H. Olson 7920 Harold A. Jules Arthur W. Groth 1921 Fred A. Enke IIBIBlBIBIBIBlBiaiBIB I9 20 ■■■IBIWIM I MIMI ■ I ■! ■ ' ■! ■! ■■ ■[■ ' ■■■IWI ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' Page 408 .. ■ iBjBiBiBiaiHiaiaiBiHiHiaiHiBiaiBiaiaiM GOPHE.R ■■■■■■■•■■■•■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■i " " i " i ■■- 1 2 I P v H I F V JfW •- T-1 GINSBERG WESSEL CIKTIS STENSETH MacCON.NELL HILSDALE FULLERTON BORCMAN NALL Home Economics Association Executive Committee Sylvia Borcman Secretary Mar(;arkt HiLSDALE Treasurer Council Members 1919 Amy Wessel 1920 _Mae Ginsberc 1921 Evangeline MacConnell Louise Colville 1922 Ikma Curtis Maurine Nall Class Committees 1919 Harriet Todd Amy Wessel Christine Cai mmtz Martha Norseen 1920 Irma Baker Mirtle Stenseth Mae Ginsberg Marion Olney 1921 Maurine Nall Irma Curtis Dorothy Leahy Margaret Withee ■ IBIBIBIBIB Paee 409 ffl»l«]«IWfl«IBIHflMIMIMIMIMIMIBI»ia GOPHEIR ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■f ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■I ■ ' ■ Minnesota Union Board of Governors Officers E. B. Pierce President ' ard T. Williams Vice President WiLFORD Widen Secretary J. G. Ebersole Treasurer H. J. Kessel Manager Members E. B. Pierce ] f„,„i„ J. G. Ebersole Fredrick Curtis I Academic Harold Britzius ( WiLFdRD Widen ] Medicine C. J. Ehrenberg I Ward T. Williams Dentistry Edwin Rydlun Mines Theodore Sander Engineering Ivan O. Hanson Lau M. E. Salisbiry Alumni Earl Pendercast Agriculture aiaiaiaiBiaiMiBiB I920 ■ ■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' " ' ■ ' • ' " ' Page 410 PUBLICATIONS ! ' JL ' ' ' ' " ' ' ' ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■! ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■I " GOPHER ■ ' ■■■■■i " i " iwiwiwwiwi«i»iMiwiwiwiwiMii r w The 1920 Gopher Officers Saml ' el M. Gofen NiEL W. Upham The Gopher Board Henry W. Norton Kathf.rine Schindel . Lewis L. Crosby . Ernest J. Jones . James K. Blunt . Theodore L. Vallacher J. Edward Rucker Gordon Ka: iman . James D. Wheeler Managing Editor Business Manager Academic Academic Agriculture Cher7iislry Dentistry Engineering Law Medicine Mines laiBiMiaiiaiiiiaiB 1 9 2o ■ ' ■(■■■■■iBiBiaiaiaiMiBiaiaiHiBiaiMiaiHiHi P Page 412 ■ ■■[■■■■■[■IMlMflMIWIWIMIMflMIWIWlWI GOPHER ■■■i»iwiwi«i«i«i« ' « ' «i« ' ' « ' " ' i jj " ' Dr Mirtrt I ' tital Editors Janf. French . . Album Frances Hollenbeck Organizalions Mary Hartunc Feat ire WvLLiAN Knapp . Pictures Neal Arntson Athl etics ErcENE Glasgow . Mihtnry Rhoda Kellogg . Fitct lly War Work Milton J. ANDEhSON Art Elizabeth Nissen Sales Manager Glenn Matthews . Photographer Charles Eldridge Colleges Staff ii.ni i ORGANIZATIONS SALES Li.AH Thompson Elise Van Ness Genevieve Anderson Hazel Bacon Laura Peck Mmihin ]LL0LGHBY Carol Ei stis Elsie Schirr Esther Thirber Marion Andrews COLLEGES Marion Irwin Jeannette Dennison Edwin C. Johnson Magdalene Hichthaisen iLLARD Olson Everett J. McCibrey Frederick Clrtis Alano E. Pierce C. Ph LIP Carlson Antoinette Proshek MILITARY I ' lCTiRES Herman F. Davies Kathr n Manahan Margaret Howarth EniTH James IIktt ' Grimes Eleanore Mathews Margvret Hoothrovd l KI.AKET MeALEY KuANCES Storms ATHLETICS Mildred Scott Katherine Schindel Gene lEYE F loB ART iBi»i»i»i«i«i«i«i«iBi«i«i»i " i " i " i " ' »i " i " i " 1 9 20 ■■■[■■■[■■■ ' ■l«f ' " ' " ' »l " l« ' " ' " ' ' gi !JLj Page 41J l«l«l»l«l«IMIWI«l«IWIWMI«iaiHIMIWflWIB GOPHEJ ■[■ ■■[■■■[■■■■■[■■■■■■■■■■■IMIWIMIWIj ik. 4 f FKE CH HOLLtXBLCk ARM SUN ANUEKSU.N GLASGOW HAHTL G MSSEN ■NVi N:L;jtv " ...-.-: . V ■ . ;■ , l::»»«j ' ?-- ' ?. : a f5 ELUKIDGt AMihUSO.N KEI.l.UGG MANAHA.N KNUT IHUMPSON MAI 1 HLWS --. -ry " -?; f: ' j«?4y; -. ■ .,■ " -: -•- vs. ' - ii jiSKJ v ' ■ -- " ' r MEALEV SCUTl STORMS GKIMES HUBART MATHEWS WILLULGHISV U w ff ,vlf f HI I H IH l ?1,,N A liKh l.KWiMIN IHIRBKK IKWIN mcUN LL lls ai«l»IMI»l»l» I 9 20 ■1MI«IBI»IMI»1MI«I»IW»» ' « ' »IWI»I«I«I«I«I»I1 Page 414 [■■■■■■■■■[■[■[■[■■■[■IMIMIHIMIBIWIMIWIM GOPHEJ ■l»l«IWIWI«l«IWI«l«l«l«ll iiaiaiBiaiai r ' f 1 _ PIERCE HllWMMII --C III Kll CI RTI.S AN NESS PECK OI.SON SHERMAN CARLSON McClBKEV JAMES HddTHKIIYII DAVIES THE very existence of The 1920 Gopher is due. above all. lo liie work of the 175 girls who composed the fourteen sales teams. L nder the excellent leadership of Elizabeth iNissen they carried through the campaign with a success extraordinary. Members of the winning team in the race to obtain the greatest number of subscrip- tions follow: ISABELLE BORCESON, Captain Henrietta Benton Ruth Duesler LiLLiAS Hannah Erna Archambo Oi.i e L man Dorothy Lewis Margaret Falconer Frances McCoy Ruth Randall Laila Platou Marion Willoiihby Elizabeth Nisskn Dorothy Rosholt Margery McCulloch Edith Murray IIAHKDI ' BENTON Ul LSLER I ' LAIOI HANNAH WlLLOll.HBY RANDALL DUNN LESTER B()R(;ESON ARCHAMHO NISSEN JONES ■ ■[■[■►■i«i«i»i«i»4«i»i«iai»i»fi«iMi«iBiw 1 9 20 ■iwi«i«i»i»i»i«iwiwi« » ' »i«iMi«i«iwi« ' «iwi Page 41a IIBIWIWIBIMIHIMIBIBIMIMIMiaiMlaiMIMIBIMIB GOPHE.R ■■■■■■■IWIWIWIWI«IWI«I«IWIWIBI«IMI»I I i • : i 1 . _i_ . The Minnesota Daily Marv K. Hartunc Managing Editor William J. Dempsev Business Manager LuELLA G. Pesek Editor-in-Chief Betty Grimes idvertising Manager Dean Jensen Business Manager Night Editors Sterling L. Peck Cecil McHale Eugene C. Glasgow Eunice Smith Margaret Scally Milbred Abbetmeyer Cecil Branham Esther Hemke Alma Boehme Herbert Estrem GRIMES aiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiBiBiBiaiiBiaiBiBii 19 20 ■laraiaiBiBiaiaiaiBiaiHiBiaiMiBiaiaiaiaia Page 416 ■ ■■[■■■■■■■[■[■■■■■■■fflBIWIBIMIMIMf COPHEJ ■IBIMI«IWI«I«IMI«IMIMIBIHIHI«I«I»IWI«I»I BROWN SANDtKS KKl DiJtN CARLSON OLSON ANDREWS OIBRIEN WISE WEISER Charlf.s E. Olson Eva L. Andrews Katherine Wise Kathleen O ' Brien Clayton Lewis Helen I.athrup 1.1 ciLLE McNally Marion Marshall iRciNiA Mayer (iLAD S Me ' erand (Jretchen Ml ench Bertha McKae Faith Nixon EvELY N Nelson Mabel Prothers Florence Rivkin Axelh Sellin Ji ANITA Small Eva Snyder Board of Publisln-rs Louis A. Hauser Clyde M. Frudden George C. Weiser President C. Philip Carlson Stanley K. Brown Theodore Sanders .)r. Advertising Staff Esther Aslesen Reporters Katherine Thorlus Dorothy Treacy iRGiL E. Turner Elsie Van Ness Gertrude Wilharm Corinne Askecaard Marjorie Bonney Glenn Bruce Alice Buckley Marie H. Callahan Dorothy Campbell ZoE Comer Edmund Dagcit Ada L y Eshelby Josephine Fredericks Jack B. Goodwin Helen Green Mabel Grover Hazel Hoag Bertha Holbrook Ruth Howard Frances Hollenbeck Elizabeth Holden Genevieve Hyde Milton Kodas Agatha Krueger - L bel Lance i«iMi»i»i«i«i»i«i«i«i»i«i»iBi«i«iMi«fiBi 1 9 20 ■! I agr 417 ■ ■■laiHiaiaiaiBi ■ IBIWIMIBIWlMIMIMIHIWIMIMIBIMflHI IMIW GOPHEJ ■[■[■■■■■IWIWfl ■laiaiBiaiHii hl;l l,lHi u|i (.I.A3G0W PECK SCALLY SMITH BKANHAM AlillETMEYEK BOEHME HEMKE McHALE Departments A. J. Dahlby Editorial K riler Laila Platou Assignmenl Editor Mildred Abbetmeyer Exchange Editor Wallace Hankins Sport Editor Madeline S. Long Literary Editor E. Maurice Adams School of Mines Representative Lyle a. Dills Engineering Representative G. P. HoucH Law Representative Flora T. McDonald Critic »I«1»IWIW1WIMIWI» 19 20 ■1«I«IWI»IHIWI»IWI " I«IW ' " ' »IWI " ' « ' W ' " JS Page 418 ■ ■■■■■■■■■■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■fiBiaiMiwiwiw COPHEIR ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' » ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ' ' ' ' " The Minnesota Law Review Staff Professor Henrv J. Fletcher Editor-in-Chief Irs. Marie Bo.nd Assistant Editor Professor James Paige Business Miinuger Student Editorial Board I. 0. Hanson President Herbert H. Drews Nole Editor Raymond Encan Recent Case Editor Leo N. DeMoully M. Florence Stahlem Carl August Johnson Charles T. Wancensteen Felix E. Moses Tlie Minnesota Law Review is a monthly publication conducted by the faculty and students of the Law School. It publishes leading articles illustrating the develop- ment of modern law. and in its departments of Notes and Recent Cases reviews the most recent decisions of all the American and English courts. Page 419 . [■IWIMIMIWIMIMIMIBIWIMIMIMIBIM GOPHER ■■ ■IWI " ' " ' " flWIWflWI«l«tWI»l«l«l»l ■!■ ' ..il- " THE Minnesota Alumni Weekly is maintained by the General Alumni Associa- tion for the sake of the service it helps the Alumni to give the University. This year it is support of the University budget and the project to establish a Minnesota Memorial Mall, as part of the I niversitv Campus, in honor of the Minnesota men and women who served in the great war. The picture shown above gives a fair idea of the comprehensiveness and worthiness of the whole plan. iiaiaiaiBtBiM I 9 20 ■fffi«iBi»i»iwiwi«iMf ' «iW ' " iwi«iwiw ' Page 420 THE PLATFORM ' ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■■■■■IWWIWflWIMIHIWIWIW COPHEJ ■■■[■[■■■■■■■■■[■■■■■■■■■■■[■l»flHIWI»l CLARKE LONG PECK PALM SONDERGAARD WATSON SCALLY DENNISON SORENSON APEL ANDREWS ABBETMEYER Acanthus Officers LoRNA Beers President Eva L. Andrews Vice President Marion Willoichby Secretary Carol Eustis Treasurer Honorary Elizabeth Jackson Elizabeth Hawthorne Alumni WiLMA Eustis Dora Smith Members 1919 Eva Andrews Mae Donaldson Harriet Apel Margaret Scally LoRNA Bems Ebba Sorenson Margaret Beccin Racni Sondergaard Marion Harris Marie Sundheim Doris Lohff Helen Toomey Madeline Long Marie Watson Nina Nelson Llcile Ziecelmaier Florence Overpeck AIonica Langtry 1920 Mildred Abbetmeyer Laura Peck Jeanette Dennison Elise Van Ness Carol Eustis L rion Willouchby 1921 Alida Clarke Naomi Palm Edith Sondergaard jiaiaiaiaiaiBiBiaiaiaiaiHiaiH 19 20 MfiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiMiaiaiai Page 422 ■ ■■[■■■■■■■[■■■■■■■[■■■■■[■■■[■■■■■■■iM GOPHER ■i»i«iMiwi»fiwiW ' wi»i« ' »f ' " ' «iw ' " ' " ' ELMQUIST M. NELSON R. NELSON BOLIN LUND SELLLN ANDREWS HEDBERC Idu Offic. na Af, FS BoLix Recording Secretary FiiFN Carlson Treasurer Members Eva Andrews Agnes Bolin 1919 Ruth C. Nelson Ethel Erickson Acnes Hedberc AxELiA Sellin 1920 Inceborc Sund Ellen Carlson Gladys Elmqulst Mildred Enqiist 1921 Esthkr Kjellberg Mercedes Nelson Elsie Ostrom RiTH Opsahl 1922 Anna Post ■ iBiaiBiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiBiBiBiBiaiBiaiaiaiB 19 ZO ■fl«iaia ' aia ' ai«i " ' »i " ' " ' «i ' " ' « ' Wi«i«i« Page 423 aiHiaiBiaiaiHwiHiaiaiaiHiaiHiB GOPHE.R ■■■•■■■■■■■(■■■■■•■■■■■•■laiaiaiaiMiBia 1 II m ' ' 1 Bn5-. Ri LJH " H B lUr H ■ 1 T K H i W I im , % g . H I J I HtDMAN KREFTIM lynskey AMIEHSON SANOERS LONDON FREDRICKS | HACkETT STRllTZ HARTSOHr.H horn berg Kappa Rho Founded in } 14 for the purpose of enrouras;ing interest in debating, public speaking. and creative icriling among the leoinen oj Minnesota Officers Mildred Hartsoioh . President Ri TH Berg Treasurer Hilda Blair Parllanteiitary Dictator Cl ra Kreftixg . Corresponding Secretary Faculty Dr. Anna Helmholtz Phelan Members 1919 RiTH Anderson Clara Krefting Ri TH Berg GoLDiE London Mildred Hartsoigh Elizabeth Lynskey Elsa Horn Myrtle Sanders 7920 Hilda Blair Edna Scott Petronella Hackktt Uui Williams 1921 Josephine Fhedricks Inez Scott RiTH Hedman Irene Stri tz rjiaiaiBiB I 9 20 ■fi»iwiMiPi»i«iaffi»i»i«iwffMi«i«i»i Page 424 l«IWI»l»l«IBIMIMIMIWIWMil«IWI«l«IMflBIW COPHEIR ■liTil«l«l«l«fl«l«l«IWIWIMI«l«l«IBI ■l»l g| m K IF p ll p 1 9r j " %n |0|F lUpJA- 1 J WB] ' ' ' Mlir ' i Li Bkv =1 Kill 1 ±2 I As. CKKENK KNOCKt BftANbU.N llLlMAlik MEALEY CKAIG TmjtBER JOHNSON A LEl?F DONNELLY JONES KOHL BORCESON COTTON MrCULLOCH Minerva Officers Edith M. Cotton President Ekna Knocke Vice President AtNEs Macdonald Secretary Frances Donnelly Treasurer Mi-mbcrs IQ19 Alma Boehme Esther Colwell Edith Cotton Borghild Erling Hess E Heimark Ada Morland Elizabeth Baihly Lois Huney Erna Knocke Rachel Whitfield 1020 Isabel Borceson Margaret Craig Frances Donnelly Margery McCilloch Acnes Macdonald Esther Thi rber Jessamine Jones Margaret Mealey Dorothy Himiston Margaret Howarth 1921 Esther Aslesen Helen Greene Beatrice Johnson Carolyn Lewis Virginia Norby Loi ise Swanson Adalia Kohl iaiai»»BiB»B a ■ iBiBiaiBiaiaiataiai BiHiHiaiaiai lfl«iBI»l»l|ilHIMI«l«IMIMI«l«IMI«|«IMIMIM GOPHER ■■■I«I1I»I«I«I«»«IWI«I«IMIMI«I «■ ' ■! ■!■! JAROSCAK PEYCKE MEURER A.NONSEN LL.NDEEN ZELENY OLSON ABRAHAMSON MEYERS CARLSON NELSON SCHMIDT JOHNSON PETERSON LANGLAND OLSOiN Shakopean Officers Arthir p. Peterson Cecil Johnson Earl O. Schmidt Harold S. Langland Charles E. Olson Paul K. Abrahamson Stanley Anonsen C. Philip Carlson Cecil Johnson Paul Jaroscak Henry Johnson Robert C. Johnson Stanwood Johnston Josef A. Kindwall Anton C. Kolda Members Leslie Zeleny President Vice President Secretary Treasurer Sergeant-at-Anns Harold S. Lancland John Lovell Pall F. Meyer Gabriel P. Meurer Rabindra C. Nag Anthony Nelson Charles E. Olson Willard C. Olson Arthur P. Peterson Earl O. Schmidt !■!■!■ IBIBIM 19 20 ■l«IHI«IWIBI»l»I»l»IWflMI«IWI»IBfl« ' B ' «l Page 426 l«l»fl«l«l«l«l«IBI«IWIWIMIKflBflMIWIW COPHEIR ■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■ ■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■I OBKIEN HOLT CKIMtS BARRY STORMS MANAHAN FRENCH WILSON PECOR JONES SWAN BROW N OILMAN OAKDNER COW Thalian Officers Rose Pecor President Rhoda Kellogg Vice President Jane French Treasurer Frances Storms Secretary Members HONORARY Dr. Anna Helmholtz Phelan Florence Dale LiELLA Pesek Gladys Holt Jane French Frances Storms Rhoda Kellogg Harriet Dunn Alice Rochford FiLOMENA Alway Dorothy Oilman Dorothy Gow Selma Swan Frieda Pliefka 1919 Lorna Wilson Winifred Barry Rose Pecor Kathleen O ' Brien 1920 Dorothy Campbell Kathryn Manahan Gertrude Wellisch Betty Grimes Mildred Scott Elizabeth Lloyd Jones 1921 Alpha Mo Grace Gardner Margaret Brown Eleanor Herrmann Alice Bi ckley iaiBiBiaiBiB(Biai«iaiaiBiBiBiaiaiBiBiaiBlH I 9 20 ■fl«fiaiaiwiaiwi»i»i " ' " ' «iwiwi wi» ' » ' « ' Page 427 ■ l«IWIMI«l«IHt«IMI«IMI«|Ml«IMf|B|»flMI« QOPHEIR ■ iBiaiaiaiBiMiaiMiBiaiBiBiHiaiBiHiBiBiBi nil " . ■ II ' It! KELl kH n. LI MAN RkY NALD THOMPSON K. LVM N OAI 1, IHU 1 -i H Ml tT I ' LATOr MC ALLY HOACLAND HART MORRISON POEIILEK SCHMITT HAt SER HANNAH INGERSOLL CROSS HOCAN JOHNSTON JONES SHANNON KNAPP PEIK PRESTON Tlieta Epsilon Officers Margaret Schmitt President Olive Lyman ) ice President Helen Hauser Secretary Ruth Lyman Treasurer GRiDl ATE Gladys Hciaolam) Members ASSOCIATE Esther Fahnh m Alice Gall 1919 Elizabeth Brown Helen Schmitt Bertha Peik Margaret Schmitt Gladys Poehler Cora Houghton Gladys Ryan 1920 Elizabeth Forssell ARION Irwin Mary Hartung Olive Lyman Georgiana Lngersoll Ruth Randall WyLLIAN KnAPP IRGINIA MoRRISON Harrikt TnoMrsoN Grace Shannon 1921 Clara Cross LARY Catherine Chapman Lillian Hannah Helen Hart Helen Hauser Mildred Hogan Alice Johnston Marion Jones Ruth Lyman Estelle McNally LiciLLE McNally Laila Platou Marhhkt Preston Jean Keller JIBia I 9 20 ■l»l»IWIBIBI»l«IWI»IW»» ' ' »l»f ' »l«M ' « ' MI» Page 42S f ■ ■■laiaiaiHiHiHiaiaiHiHiHiaiaiaiaiHiaia GOPHER aiaiaiaiaiaiMiHiaiHiaiaiHiHiaiataiaiaiaia IIS ■ ( L._vK LINDQUIST ROCKWOOD DUNNING HOFFMAN BACON EVANS KELLOC; NOKSEEN ASHENDEN FREDRICKSON KALDAHL BARSNESS JOHNSON JOHNSON NELSON NEWTON KOENEMAN EPPEI. 11 1 Tri-Literary Officers Edwin C. Johnson Hresiilenl DoROTHV Newton Vice President Leone Lindquist . . Secretary — Henry Kaldahl . Members GRADUATE Treasurer Frei Krantz I 1919 AWBENCE Miller Mabel Anderson Helen Lathrop DiKKA HiI.LEsTAD Elna Boss AuRiL Warner E. KoENEMAN Clifford Fin lev Lucy Ashenden Warren Waite Christine Gai mnitz Jean Boyd Flora Williams Lillian Poppitz Clyde Fiuidden FoRUYCE Ely Blanche Srsen Martha Norseen Dorothy Newton Harold Hanson Guy Preston Lily Ann Lenhart f Dvlone Hempstead Edwin Hanson 192(1 Henry Kaldahl Mabel Ashenden L. Youngblood Marion Silvernale Irma Baker Sylvia Borgmann Hazel Bacon Grace Chapman Gladys Beyer Myrtle Barsness Mae Ginsberg Frances Dunning Mary Cullen 5 Edwin Johnson Henrietta Hoffman Adella Eppel ■ MlUilEL RoCKWOcill Anton Kosmoski Celia Fredrickson ' ■ Mari.aret Hii.sdale Bernetta Seipel Gladys Hawkins Naomi Mueller Leona Lindquist 1921 Nels Nelson , p RoBI.EV KVANS Evelyn Lamport Mei.la Zeis LoRAiNE Hempstead Marian Mac (iiLinii Gladvce Hewitt ESTELLE LLNDERINt Gertri de Lovk. Edwin Gai mnitz — Elizabeth Johnson Ila Saul ■ laiBiaiBiaiaiaiaiBiaiaiaiaiB laiaiai aiBiaia i ■ laiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiahBiaiaiaiaia ■ [■[■■■[■[■[■IWIBIBIMMIMIMCIMIBIMIBI, GOPHER ■ ' ■■■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■IWIBIHIMIWIMI ■!■ TUNHEIM DOTIE BLESI NAISH BALLENCER DREWS SIMPSON GRABOW McKENiNA CURLEY ERICKSON BLESI TRIPP DAGGIT H. M. WILSON- PHIL WILSON Webster Officers F. A. Tripp President H. A. Blesi lice President E. M. Daggit Secretary - Treasurer Members 1919 F. A. Tripp C. C. White 1921 Raymond Aune H. E. Drews W. T. Curley a. b. XiMA E. M. Daggit T. Ti nheim H. A. Blesi v. W. Simpson H. J. Grabow F. V. McKenna 1922 W. E. Erickson L. a. Naish A. C. Sanners W. h. Doty H. Ballincer Phillip Wilson H. M. Wilson ' .■ltil»l»l»l»l»f 19 20 ■■■■■■■[■■■l«IWIWI»IHIBI»IBIH1WI»IMi«CIT Page 430 STAGE AND MUSIC IIBIMI«J»i«IWIMIMIMtMIMIM)«|«IM|B|BIM|MlM GOPHER ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■t ■!■! The University Choir Director Carlvle Scott Members SOPRANO Ik MA Baker Alberta Broadwell Grace Garland Acnes Hanson Annas Kenkel Isabel Knopp Adair McRae Agnes Bothne Dorothy Cousins Lelia Delaplane Harriet Dunn Betty Grimes Hazel Hacgerty Harry Arp Fred Becker Alexander Cowie Fred Davidson Gilbert Ecklund Harold Finkelstein Malcolm Aldrxh Arthur Beckel Raymond Davidson Howard Gross Warren Hanna Edgar Johnson CONTRALTO TENOR BASS Merry Mueller Virginia Norby Clara Rybak Ragni Sondercard Ruth Taylor Edna Wilson Mavbelle Greenberi. Frances Hollenbeck Elzabeth Jones Mae Nelson Grace McClure Bertha Peik Leona Wilson Earl Fischer Ion Joyce Roswell Quinn Ralph Triem Robert Urbahns Oscar Johnson Gordon Kamman Ross Lynch Paul Palmer Carlyle Reck Ellsworth Roberts aiBi»i»i«iBiai»iB 19 20 ■■■[■■■i«i»fi»l«iwiwi»i " ' «iW ' " ' « ' W ' «fi» ' Page 432 iiwi» «i«i«iBiBiMi«fdiiBiBiBiMiMiMiMf GOPHER ■■■■■(■■■■■(■■■iMiaiaiaiBiBiaiaiMiMi ■)■ .Bl P i l z ! 1 HtoLAM) AHl ' h. K J()11 M.1 IU,(;kl,K llALl.tMl.U.ll FIN ' KELSTEIN ( nWlK TRIKM ECKLLM) FISHER DAVIDSON SCOTT I ' AI.MF.R CROSS Glee Club Officers Professor Caklvle Scott Director Fred V. Davidson President H. H. Clements Business Manager Paul R. Palmer Secretary - Treasurer Ian K. Joyce Librarian Frederic A. H. Becker Accompanist Members FIRST TE. OR Malcolm Aldrich Fed V. Davidson Harry E. Arp Earl B. Fisher SECOND TENOR Frederic A. H. Becker Alexander Cowie H. H. Clements Harold D. Finkei.stein Curtis Hegland f! iRvrnxE WlLLARD _ I. BaLLENHACH U K. JoYCE Gilbert W. Ecklund (Gordon Kamman Oscar G. Johnson Pai t. R. I ' m.mer Carlyle Keck BASS Howard Gross Ross Lynch Warren L. Hannah R. J. Quinn EiH. R F. Johnson Ralph H. Triim ■ iMi»i«i«i«i«iwi«i«i»i«iBiBi»i»iMiMiBi«i» 13 20 ■■■laiBiaiHiaiaiaiaiaiBiaiaiHiaiBiaiaiBiai Page V-IJ ■ [■[■[■[■[■[■[■[■[■[■■■i«iMi«i«iwiMi»iw GOPHEJ ■■■[■■■■■■■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■iMiwi«r«iwi«i»T BUKKILL LITMAN MJMit.Kl.AAKU i.LtNNY KELLER NELSON ANDREWS FREITAG MEALEY DYKMAN PESEK LAMB CEDERSTROM WITHY RAINEY PEIK BURDICK HOLLENBECK JO NES ELDRIDGE Masquers Officers Howard Dykman President Frances Hollenbfxk Vice President Bertha Peik Secretary Robert Withy Treasurer and Business Manager Faculty Advisor Dr. Richard Burton Members 1919 Lillian Hoff Agnes Keefe Monica Langtry Winifred Mackay Bertha Peik 1920 Dorothea Simons Rose Schefrin Lillian Taylor Charles Eldridge 1921 Florence Rivkin Edith Sonuercaard Percy Hoich Marion Jones Mildred Hogan Laila Platou 1922 Winifred Whitman Anceline Wilk Gordon Bazelon Hazel Hoag Eva Andrews Genevieve Birrill Grace Challman Alice Gall Veta Harris Eleanor Cederstrom Frances Hollenbeck L RGARET MeALEY Elizabeth Nissen Mildred Scott Max Freitag Elizabeth Jones George Lamb Edith Olin Charles Platt Margaret Preston Harry Armson Marion Frissell ALarie St. Clair Fred Smith Luella Pesek Helen Toomey LuciLE Zeigelmaier Howard Dykman Newton Holland Paul Nelson Hazel Gleason Victor Troendle Algot Lineer Niel Upham . nth(iny Nelson Robert E. Withy Louse Bowman Wallace Hankins William Glenny Fannie L GOFFIN Abe ScHiFFER Lillian Terpena George McDermott Hale Clement ■ l«IWI»l»l»l»l»l»l»l " l " l» 19 20 ■l»IBIMI»l«l»IWI«IWI» ' " ' " ' «IWI« ' " ' ' l» ' " Page 434 ■ [■[■■■[■[■[■[■■■[■■■[■[■■■■■■■[■[■iMia COPREIR ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■fi»i«i«iw ' «i« MARTIN EBERHART BOECE MADSEN iMOCLER SCOTT BOTHNE HOLLENBECK LINDERUD JOYCE BRADY WEIKERT DAVIS CLOREN HAMMACK KELLER HILLSKOTTER RICHARDSON MacEACHAN LEE GANGESTAD BROADWELL COVART ROSS SCHALLER HOLT ROST COTTON Carlyle Scott Gertrude Hull Abe Pkpinsky T. P. GiDDUNGS Isabel Avery Frieda Bohnsack Edith M. Colton Nell S. Robbins Gladys Rosenberg Gertrude Anne Schaller J. Elberta Broadwell Frances Hollenbeck Marci ehite Boege Agnes Bothne Lvdia Koepsel Cecilia Levine Music Club Faculty Members 1919 Sicm; Adolfson 1920 1921 Donald N. Ferguson Harrison Wall Johnson Gertrude Reeves George Fairclough Ragni Sondergaard Angeline Webber Leona Will Ri th Ross Maybelle Greenberc Acnes Hanson Elizabeth Dolsen Alberta F.berhart Frances Fullmer Dora Hillskotter Esther Weikert 1922 Elsie Si ' iu ng Alice Scott Ruth T aylor Anna Linneman Anna Linderud Ruth Martin Hazel Richaiidson Gladys M. Joyce Dolorsa Mogler l.dURENIA NiCOLL (Gladys Rowan laiBiaiBiBiaiBiBiBiaiBiBiBii 9 20 ■iaiHiaiBini«iBi«iBiHiBiai»iMiaiHiHiaiHiBi Pugc -(j; COPHEJ ■[■[■fiwffiMi«i«i»i«i«i«fiwi«i«iMT HEWITT BIXBV GAGt WOLFSON KLINE 4 ARNEK McNALLY LATHROP JOHNSTON BRUCHHOLZ MUNSON EKBERG GILLES STORMS BROJMSON KEENAN PECOR CATEL DR. ANNA PHELAN STEVENS EICHTEN DeCARLE JOYCE Players Officers LiRAiN Eighten President Rose Pecor ] ice President Dr. Anna Phelan Secretary - Treasurer, Faculty Director C. G. Stevens Couch M. Catel, Carleton Miles Honorary Memliers Mcinbcrs Charles Greer George McGarrv Wendell Warner Bernice Marsolais WiLLARI) BlXBY LiLA KlINE BiRTON Forster E. H. Spamer Robert Kennicott Verna Ekberg Ian Joyce Alice Johnston Helen Harrop Frances Storms Esther Farnhum Louse Brlchholz Donald de Carle Marion Gilles William Forssell Helen Lathrop Elisabeth Forssell Rith Gage Dora Hanna Kathrvn Manahan Rose Pecor Rhoda Kellogg David Bronson Li rain Lighten Kenneth Owens Grace Crawley Frank Hall Arthlr Bovier Henry Poehler Gordon Kamman Lucille McNally Georciana Incersoll Faith Bronson L ry K. Harting Viva Hewitt William olfson ALvRjoRiE MuNsoN George Keenan Roger Cointrvman William Frenc Fred Becker Thom s Gall.vgher Ji!ia«aia«aia« 19 20 ■l»i«iBiw«wi»i«lwi»ff ' " ' «i«fi«fi«i» ' »i Page 436 RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES ■ flWIMIM !■[■!■ I ■■■[■[■IMiMiHiaiHiBiMia GOPHE.R ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■l«IWI«IWIMI»l«fl»l»l» DURING the S. A. T. C, the Y. M. C. A. was operated on the principle of the Red Triangle Service of the Army and Navy under the National War Work Council. The work was carried on in four places: the Minnesota I nion. the Maxwell Building, the Exposition Building, and the L niversity Farm. The various " hut " programs consisted of entertainments, educational and religious addresses, stunt and recreational programs, mass play, care for the sick in the hospitals, and the desk ser- vice with stationerv. magazines and papers, stamps, money orders, parcel post, etc. Secretaries in Charge H. R. Garner Camp Secretary C. A. Neavels Camp Recreation Director A. E. KoEMG Camp Director Hospital Service H. E. Griebe-NOVV Camp Entertainment Director EXPOSITION BUILDING E. M. Umbach Executive Secretary H. V. McCuLLOCH Assistant Secretary MAXITELL BlILDING Harry Phillippi Executive Secretary P. A. .MiLLARB Assistant Secretary MINNESOTA UNION L. L. Reist Executive Secretary UNIVERSITY FARM Cecil Johnson Executive Secretary The visit of Harry Emerson Fosdick of New York Citv under the joint auspices of the University, the Y. M. C. A. and Y. W. C. A. will be remembered as one of the leading events on the L ' niversity Calendar for 1918 and 1910. The great theme of Dr. Fosdick ' s addresses was the neede of reconstruction, particularlv in the three great areas which became prominent in thought during the war: international relation- ships, the Church, and the industrial world.. Dr. Fosdick met the students and faculty at two luncheons and and four special meetings. C.ornitiittci E. B. Pierce . Lewis Diamond Faculty Representatives i. S. YOLNC Citizens of Minneapolis D. Draper Dai ton Alumni Representatives W. B. Morris a banquet, addressed an All-l niversitv Convocation )j Maiiagetui ' iit the 1 . .) . C. A. Chairman I ice-C iairman Charles P. Sicerfoos Dean John R. Allen Harrington Bearu .S. Wirt Wiley Dr. J. C. LiTZENBERC T. W. Graham J. M. Anderson . F. ebster Officers of the Y. M. C. A. Harold Coe President Raii ' H H. Garner Executive Secretary diaiaiaiaiBiBiaiaiaiBiBil] 9 20 ■laiHiBiaiBiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaia Page 438 l»IMIBIBI«IWIWIBflBIBIMIHIMIB|B|B|MI»l« COP HEIR ■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■I ■■■■■■■■■IWIMI ■!■ BALUNGEK KOENEMAN University Farm Y. M. C. A. Board of Directors Dr. C. . Gav Chairman Mr. William Boss Treasurer Prof. R. C. Lansing Secretary Prof. Andrew Boss Prof. A. J. McGuire Prof. J. P. Wentling Prof. H. B. White Prof. D. D. Mavxe Prof. R. M. Washbirn Board of Trustees Pkof. a. U. W ilson Hon. E. W. Randall General Secretary WlLBERT L. WiTTE Student Representatives Ephraim Koeneman President Henry Kaldahl Junior Representative Thorval Tunheim Sophomore Representative Homer Ballincer Freshman Representative [■[■[■i«i«i«iMi«i«fi»i«ipi»iBi«i«i«fi»iB 19 20 ■■■laiBiaiaiBiBiaiBiMiBiaiaiMiaiHiaiaiaiai Page 439 miaiaiaiaiBiaiMMiHiaiaiaiMiaiHia COPHE.R ■iBiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiBiaiaiaiaiBia 1 !■ H|r R f tr m N H ' H 5 Vnhilr X m ifef Sr jy| 1 mJ%f % £ M H. ' i H. M ' ' I v m: filfl H v V ' ' flB m:Lm I ' ETKKSO.N AN E i.l.t: t K mio« N DUNN GOODRICH k API ' SHANNON McLEAN | SONTAC FORSSELL SCHIRR GLNDERSON y. r. c. A. Advisory ( ninniittfi ' Mk . J. S. YoLNC. Chairman Mk.-.. H. W. McDonald Mrs. M. L. Blrton Mrs. George H. St. Chir Mrs. H. a. Erikson Mrs. A. C. Krev Mrs. U ' . I. Gray Miss Gertrude Beccs Mrs. a. E. Jenks Mrs. Norman ' ilde Gviu ' ihI Svcri ' liirii ' s Iar(.arkt HiTi:. 1918 Frances Greenoi (.h. 1919 Cabinet EiMCE Spicer. 191R . President Edna Sont. g. 1919 Elisabeth Forssell I ice President Ottilie Schurr Treasurer Frances Gunderson . Secretary Ellen Goodrich I oluntary Study . da Brown Wvllian Knapp . Meetings Membership Grace Shannon . Social Alice Glenesk . Finance Else Vax Ness . Social Service Esther Farnham . Publicity - lice Peterson Mission Finance Harriet Dinn Conference Convention Hester McLean Freshman Representative 20 BiaiaiBiaiaiaiBiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaia Ftige 440 ■iwiwi»i»iwiwiHfi«fiwffi«iwiMiwiM GOPHEIR ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ?! HILLKST D SCHllRK BACON Sl ' RIESTERSBACH KELLOC SILVERNALE EDWARDS WDERSON AMIDON CIRRAN COMl ' TON BOSS University Farm Y. W . C. A. Advisory Board Mk . K. B. Mac Lea . Chairman Mrs. R. W. Thatcher Mrs. R. C. Lansing Mrs. A. V. Storm Miss Mildred Weiclev Mi (Jrace Dennf.y ll l. 1 ' HI1.1.]I ' Gcnvral Sfcn ' tarics Ml-- l)iiKi c;i UKW Mic. Clarence Stewart (.(ibim-t Edna Amidon I ' resident Edna Boss ice President Jennie Anderson Treasurer RlTH CoMi ' TON Secretary Hazel Bacon Religious Meetings Chnirnmn oj ( ' ottin)ittrcs Elizabeth Spriestersbach I nhintai) Stiuh Marian Silvernale Social Service Dikka HiLLESTAi) Social Elsie Schirr Publicity Minerva Kellocc IJOrld Fetlouship iHlBIBiaiB l«IMI«IMI» «l«l«l»l»l»l»l«l " l " IB 19 20 ■IBI«l«l«IWI«l«IWI«l«IW ' " ' »IWf ' » Page 441 ■ l«IMI»l«l«fl«fl«IMI«flMIBflMIMI«IW COPHE.R ■■■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■l SWEETSER WOOLSEY CZOl.K LYNbKEV DBKIE.N MA U BECKEL ZANGER FR. MALLO STEWART AHMAiNN Students ' Catholic Association Officers Arthur Beckel President NoRBERT Ah: iann I ice President Marun Stewart Secretary Helen Zanger Treasurer Executive Board Elizabeth Lvnskey " i Kathleen O ' Brien J. Academic Adelaide Woolsev J Horatio Sweetser Medicine Jacob Czock Engineering James Mayo Pharmacy Joseph Hosted Mines George Keenan Laic Rev. Fr. Mallon Spiritual Director : l«IMIMI»flB I 9 20 ■fl«mi«l«l»l«l«IMIH1WIMI«IWI«l»IWI« ' « ' " ' Page 442 CAMPUS CLUBS !Bi«ffi»iMi«iMiw GOPHER ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■iwf ' if i» «i«fiiii«i«f ' ,i i; iil ' l i ' i r Architectural Society Officrs (.i.(iK(.K B. Deank I ' resiitent OtDEN F. Beemw I irf President Louise FiiAN :E Secretary Gertrude 1 Qi in Treasurer Milton J. Anderson Ogden F. Beeman Edgar ' . Buenger Edna K. Croft Paul S. Dambekc Rheuben p. Dambek(. George B. Deane Howard M. Davidson Wll-llLKG A, Backjtrum Lawrence H. Bakken H elen Barker Nathan .1. Bercovitz Arthir H. Boylan H. Lee Bi rton Chester Dock George C. Donovan Members David J. Deneen Constance S. Diment George C. Emery Louise France Ralph W. Havimett KiiwARi) 0. John Florian a. Kleinsch.midt ISSOCIATE Dun wAt T. Graf Lillian Granberc J. Karl Heymer Katherine Fraser Glenn L. Ingles Ernest S. Johnson Walter H. Johnson Harry J. KoRsn nd Edwin Larson Alice . Little Gertrude M. Quinn John S. Schwartz Catherine _ L Smit G. A. Stewart Stewart V. right Ge11A[.I) a. K.1FFE Howard F. Kramer Edward A. Merrill Myra Metcalf Frank S. MooR LVN Fred Olson l [ RICE L. Radel I). W . rii.ht I ■! »■» viHi«i«ia aiM aiaiHiaiaiBi Page JJJ ■ ■■[■■■■■■■[■■■IMIBIMIWIMIMIMIBIHIMIWIH GOPHEIR ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■ff ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' " ' w •■■ ■ O ( osiiiopoliutii illub Minnesota, 1914 Founded at Pisa, Italy, 1897 Meniber.i. 1.700 dumber of Chapters. 2S Offic Dr. H. J. Leonaki) President Dr. Nell ' E Pederson Vice President GiDRiN Gabriel.sex Secretary Y. T. MiAo Treasurer Hon. Fred B. Snyder Hon. Charles L. Sommers C. A. COLI MBLS N[iss Catherine C. Rockey Dean J. B. Johnston Dean R. W. Thatcher JiLES Frelin Henry A. Erikson Henry F. Nachtrieb P. Henriqiez Urena Honorary Members Dr. William Watts Folwell Dr. Cyrus Northrop Dr. George E. Vincent Associate Members Mrs. Marion Slater Leonard Mrs. Hazel Kilborn Noback Dr. .loRtEN Halv(jrson Active Members F tClLTY Mrs. Frances Pierce GisTAVE J. Noback Miss Margaret Mi mford Dean Alfred Owre Dean Guy S. Ford Francis Jacer GUDRI N GaBRIELSEN Frances Kelley Nellie Pederson Nina Nelson Claire Marie Covvperthwaite Bessie Kasherman STCDENTS Sigurd B. Jenssen Gundu R. Kokatnur Julian G. Leach Estelle Franks WiLMA Eustis Cora Houghton Dr. L rion L. Burton F. B. Nelson Mr-. Winifred Boynton Erik-on li-- Leah London David Svvenson Clyde H. Bailey Dr. Harold J. Leonard CiRiLo L. Romero Miss Frances Jean McInnes Scherer 0. Werner Annette Reynai d Evelyn K. Graber YuN T. MiAO Shu M. Lin Tennyson Tan Ram L. Bajpai DOOLITTLE KOKAINAR ROBERTSON ftEKNEH LKIkSON B.AJPAI ERIKSON NOBACK TAN LEONARD 0REM)A1N MacINNES LEACH POST HOLZIIEID ROMERO GRABER PIERI E MI n PKDKRSON I EON RI1 GABRIELSEN LIN K V ' llFRMAN -ill ■ i»i«i»i»f»«fi«i«i«i« ' »iMi« » ' " ' » ' » ' «i» 19 20 ■i«cfi«i«««««i«i«iwiw ' " ' »i» ' w»B ' " gjJL!?i J Page 445 al«l«l«flHI«l«IWIBIMIWfl« GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■IWI«l«l«IWIMIWIWIWI«l»l» ' «l " v Forestry Club o iym Founder! at Minnesota, 1907 I uniber of Chapters, 16 FacultY J. H. Allison W. T. Cox (State Forester) E. G. Cheyney D. P. TiERNEY (Ass " t State Forester) W. H. Kenety Members 1919 J. P. Wentling RoMAv.NE Backus Paul R. Palmer 1920 Clyde M. Frudden Levden N. Ericksen HiBERT Person 1921 Lloyd Grapp D. EnwAiin Dwver 1922 Francis Ostrowski Harold W. Collis Clyde Peick Hartley Pendercast Edward J. Schmidt BiRTON Thayer PElCK OSTROWSKI FRUDDEN CRAP? ERICKSEN KENETY CHEYNEY HANSEN PALMER SCHMIDT THAYER COLLIS PENDERCAST BACKUS .laiBIBIBIBIBIBiaiBIB 19 20 ■laiHIBIBIBIBIBIBIBiai ■ ' ■laiHIBIHiaiBiaiBI Pagf J46 ■ ■[■■■■■■■■■■■[■■■■■■■■■■■IHIMIMIWIWIW GOPHELR ■l«l«l«HWIWIMIMf ' « ' » " ' « ' " ' S ' ■■■■■■■lai Officers Helen L. Dltton Mary Lean President Treasurer and Secretary Members Gertrude Brooks Anastasia Campbell Margaret Dackins Helen L. Dltton Hulda Gjevre Helen Loysen Frances Loverin Mary Lean Hazel Moore Jessie Murphy Annabelle Mergens Eunice Olson Irene Roskilly Gladys Raihle Rosalie Smersh MOIIKI-. KAIHI.E I.JEVRE l.() EKI HOSKILLY MURPHY LOYSEN CAMPBELL SMERSH DACKINS LEAN DUTTON BROOKS MERGENS i ■i»i»i«i»i«iMi«i»i»i»i« ' " i« ' » ' » ' " ' " ' " i " ' » 19 20 ■i»i«fi«iBiwi»i«i« ' Wi " ' » ' i " ' « ' " ' " ' «i " i ' Page 447 IWIMIHIWIMIMIMIHIMIBIMIMIMIMIB GOPHER ■■■■■l " «»»»««l»l«l«WMI»IMfll f Kl ' Miva Club D yrj An I iiper-CUiss Organizatiofi Interested in Creative W riling Honorary Thomas H. Uzzell Alumni and Pall Kenneth Abrahamson Edcar M. Allen Guv C. Bland Frank L. Bibb Henry V. Brichholz Herbert Branoe Earle C. Bailie James H, Baker Frederick A. Brichholz Earle H. Balch Paul H. Bvers EnwARi) B. Coscrove Harrison Collins Marcellis L. Countriman Lawrence S. Clark James E. Dorsey Robert Fernald Harr:son Fuller John H. Ray Harold Rypins Albert J. Robertson GUSTAV VAN RoOSEBROECK Allen B. Stork Clarence A. Shannon James D. Shearer Haholi) R. Taylor hrive Clarence _ 1. Harter Har ev Hoshour EuGAR Herrmann Sidney B. Heywood Eugene B. Hanson Merle K. Jones Carl Christian Jensen Paul M. Kruse Dale McAlpine Peter V. Masica Allen L. Moore Dale R. McEnary Norman E. Nelson Eli Leslie Oliver Ravmond E. Overmire Alfred A. Pickler Zenas L. Potter Carl W. Painter Frank M. Totton Arnilf Ueland Bernard Vaugn Walter NL West Harold Wood Bennett A. Webster Edgar F. Zelle I ■laiBIBItilz i«l«ff I 9 20 ■fl«IBIWI»l«IWffflMWllWI«l»IMI«l«l«l«l Pace 44S [[■ ■■■■[■■■[■■■■■[■■■■■flWIMIMiaiHIMIMIWIM GOPHER all Officers Doris Lohff Presidt-tit Agnes Kkf.fe Vice I ' rcsidfiil Esther Hendrickson Secretary Hf.lkn Bayne Treasurer Dr. Francis B. Barton Faculty AdvUor Mlle. Antoinette Bai bi in M. Pall Bonnet Emma Cherry Gladys Hoagland Edna Akre Helen Bayne Margaret Brown- Helen Bishnell MiLLA Clement Mildred Conger Jeannette Dennison James Gray Jr. Helen Hart Esther Hendhickson Margaret Howarth Hazel Hurst Marion Irwin Stanwood Johnston Acnes Keefe Wyllian Knapp Edwin Krafft Doris Lohff Olive Lindqiist Anne MacPhail CoiLA Manly Members HO ORARY Ll CY TOMLINSON Ruth Underwood Mlle. Jacqueline Bertillon STUDENTS Marion Marshall Grace McClure Katherine Murphy Richard Olmstead Reine Pino Florence Rush Margaret Sunwall Charles Thomas Marion Webster LoRNA Wilson Helen Zesbaugh Delight Allen f Alma Boehme Sue Burton Eleanor Cederstrom ZoE Comer Clara Cross Valida Gluek LiLLiAs Hannah Helen Hausek Leonore Holtzermann _ 1. Jean Catel Senorita Enriquez-Urena Mrs. J. B. Johnston [. Tridon Dorothy Hum:ston Genevieve Hyde Margaret Jackson John K. Joyce Jeannette Kirshner kora koons Helen Lathrop Madeline Long Esther Lynch Kathryn Manahan Haim L rgalith Hazel Martin Prudence Merriman Alicia Noonan LuELLA Pesek Clara Ravitch Anne Studnicka Ruth Tappan Russell Thomas Edith Wheeler Carol Woodward -.1 4 • A ■ (■iBiBiaiaiaiBiBiaiaiBiBiBiaiaiaiBiBiviBJd 20 ■laiwiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiataiaiaiaiaiBfi aiaiai Pa e 49 ■ l«fl«l«l«mTWrMI«|BIM|MIMIBIM|Mf IMIMIB GOPHER ■■■■■■■IWI IwiJ ■ •■■■•■■■■■■■■■{■■■IBIB -vT imi Officers FoRDYCE Ely President Ephraim Koe emax Vice President Marcellus Knoblauch Secretary Lelam) YoiNCBLOOD Treasurer Mctnbt ' rs 1919 Marcellus Knoblauch Wray Hammond Henry Kaldahl Ephraim Koeneman Edwin Hansen Guy T. Preston Charles C. White Fordyce Ely 1920 Harold S. Hanson Eiuvin Johnson Harold E. Goodrich Lewis Shere Nels Nelson David M. Bimberc Lewis L. Crosby Leland M. Youncblood Clifford Finly Rudolph L. Schindler 1921 Harry Urews Leonard Plufka Thorval Tunheim Raymond Aune Howard McKenna Herman J. Grabow W. T. Curley a. E. Adams Edwin Gaumnitz Harold Blesi 1922 WiLLAKi) Erickson Homer Ballincer Henry Wilson George Cooper IciSKPH C. ClNCLAIR Dui M Hi I.a lU HAMMOND BIERMAN LIKtWS LaVOI TUNHEIM ballincer aune HANSON CROSBY GRABOW PRESTON KALDAHL NELSON GOODRICH BLESI PLUFKA ERICKSON SHERE JOHNSON WHITE KOENEMAN KNOBLAUCH ELY YOUNCBLOOD HANSEN BIMBERG ■ laiBiBiBiaiBiL : i«iMi»i«i«iB I 9 20 ■laiHiMiaiaiBiaiaiBiBiBiaiaiHiBiHiHiBiaiai Page 4M) I«IBI»I«I«IBIBIBIMI«IMIBIMIMIBIBIBIMIMIB GOPHEJj ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■■■l»«MIWIMIMIMIW ' «l ■!■ Officers HaRKY J. BiKSOM . GoLDiE London . Aaron Horwitz . Marie Lurie Eva Rosenbloom . President I ice President Treasurer Corresponding Secretary Recording Secretary « i«i«i«i«i«fiMi«i»i«iwiwi»i«i«iTwiwwi«iB 19 20 ■laiaiaiaiaiHiBiaiaiHrHiBiaiBiBiHiHiaiaiai Pate 452 IMIMIMIBIMIMIWIMIM GOPHEiR ■! ■ ' ■!■ ' ■ ' ■!■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■I ■! ■I«I«I«IM ' MI ■!■! a ■ E f Head Quill Driver Helen Toomev Marie Martinez Margaret Brown Helen Schmidt Mary Hartunc Ruth Randall Elsa Diekmann Honor Morrisey Henrietta Benton Virginia Norby Quills Winifred MacKay Pin Heads V eta Harris. Alice Gall Isabel Avery Donna Frase Katherine Burbill Nell Halloran Georcianna Ingersoll Gretchen Schmidt Virginia Morrison HARTtNC MORRISON DIEKMANN NOBBY FRASE MORRISEY BENTON BLRRILL RANDALL INGERSOLL SCHIMDT AVERY TOOMEV MARTINEZ HARRIS BROWN O ■■■iHiaiaiBiBiBiaiBiBiBiaiaiMiBiBiBiaiHiai Page 452 i«iwi»i«i«fiwi»iMiwiwiwi«fiwiBiwi»iwi» GOPHE.R ■■■■■imiwiwi iwiw i wiwi«iwiwi«i»i i r hi w School of Mines Society- Officers J. 0. Hosted . J. D. Wheeler . President Secretary ■ Treasurer IBIBiaiBIBIBiaiaiBIBIHIBI l«IBIB " all_I 9 20 ■1»I«I»I«I»I»I»IB ' " I« ' " ' » ' «I» ' " I«IW» ' " " » " Pafe 4S3 ■■■WI«l«IWI«flMIMIM GOPHEJ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWIflWIBI»l»IBIWIBI« IB a Scandinavian Society ffl r Officers AxELlA Sellin President Juliette Gilb ertson Vice President Bernice Durkee Secretary Ruth C. Nelson Treasurer Anthony A. Nelson Sergeant-at-Arms m TI»lMflWI» 19 20 ■fl«IMIWIBI»IMI»IMI«l Pagr 4S4 ■ iBiaiHiBiaiaiBiaiBi ■ ■■■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■laiMiwiwiw GOPHER ■■■■■■■iwi««wiwi«i«i«i ■ ■■■■■■■■IBIMI Officers RicHAKU Olmsteo President Iarik Martinez Vice President Acnes Keefe Secretary Ruth E. Berg Treasurer Faculty Sk. Ralph House Sr. PEnRo Henriquez Urena Sr. Samuel Vasconcelos FACULTY ADVISOR Sr. Pedro Henriquez Urena GRADUATE Camila Henriqiez Urena Ruth Underwood C. Romero Valborc Olson Lucy Tomlinson Members Harriet Apel Annas Kenkel Earl R. Baker Esther Lynch Clara Berg Leland R. McEwen Ruth E. Berg Marie Lartinez Dorothy Christofer Katherine Murphy Bertram Downe Richard Olmsted Luis de Veile-Echebarria ALldred L Peterson Ada May Eshelby Ebba Sorenson Josephine M. Fredricks Marie Sundheim Dina Graham Mary Tracy Hazel Hurst Alice Underwood Agnes Keefe Norman J. Wall Helen Keenan Howard O. Williams LARTHA ZeSBAUGH fl»l»l»l«l«f flWI«l»IWi«l«l«IWi«l»l«l«IB 19 20 ■fl«l«l«IWI»l«l»IMI»l»flWIWI»IHIWI«l«l»l Page 455 ' liaiBIMIMITMIMIMIMIMIM GOPHER ■ ' ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■■■IWIMIWIWIMIBIMIMl ■!■ B 18 a B - - wi Trailer Club Fariihv Dr. Norris Mrs. Ladd Miss Ladd Miss Kissock Miss Schill Miss Hawthorne Miss Jackson Members 1919 Miss era Wright Ruth Evenson Dorothy Chapman Winifred Bailey Esther Colwell Annette Revnaud Ada Moreland 1920 Carol Helmick Amy Hawkinson Katherine Schindel Mildred Schiler Harriet Dunn -Marion Irwin Elisabeth Forssell Irma Baker Roberta Hostetler 1921 Margaret Cross Martha Tweeddale Eugenie Murphy Blanche Martin y HAWKINSON CROSS DUNN UHTI MRS. J. S. LADD SCHINDEL V. G. LADD KISSOCK MURPHY REYNAUD FORSSELL BAILEY EVENSON TWEEDDALE HELMICK 1 9 20 ■laiHIBIBIBIBIBiaiBIBIBIBIHIHIBIBIBiaiailBI Page 436 ■ IMI»flHIMIMIMIBIHI«|WIBIBIMIMIMI«|WIM COPHE.R ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■ ' W " c m Wing and Boiv Clyde M. Frloden Lewis L. Crosby Harlow Bierman Kenneth C. Poehler Daniel E. Dwyer Charles B. Howe D. Hewitt Sysie Members 1919 1920 1921 1922 Delmar LaVoi Pail Flinn Fredrick Mauser John Phillips Royal A. Hasse J. Howard Iackin Earl Stoner Graham Mandeville HASSE LaVOI FRIDDEN I ' nEHIFR syme stoner l mii. hie dwyer mauser macken crosby ■ iBiBiBiaiBiaiaiaiaiaiBiaiaiBiaiBiBiBiBia 19 20 ■laiaiaiarBiBiaiaiaiaia ' aniaiBiaiaiaiaiBi Page S? IBIWIMIMIWIMIMIWIBIHIMIMIM GOPHER ■l " l IWIWIWIWIWfl«IWIWIWIWIWI«ll r.-j li ■ ■ i i a m l " i a i nnHE General Alumni Association is backing the proposition for a State Memorial - - to Minnesota men anil women upon the University campus. The Campanile shown above is the crowning feature of these plans. Every University student should look forward to liecoming a member of this association upon graduation. It is serving the University in a wav that is in- dispensable. Page 45S . ' FEATURE aiMiwi«i»iMi«i«iMi « GO PHER ■■■■■■■■■iaiwiw ' MiMi«iaiwiwi»i«i«fi» ' ni a li ALL RIGHTS RESERVED Translation into Spanish or Svithiod Expressly Prohibited The possession of this loliime iloes not imply the right or ability to give pub- lic readings or performances. In preparation of this section, thanks is due the editors of the L niversitv Address Bool; and the Minnesota Daily Bulletin for access to their respective publications. In tlie pulilicatinn nf as extensive ami exiiaustive a work as tliis, errors and mistakes invariably creep in. The editors will not hold themselves responsible for any loss of social prestige, can- cellation of engagements, or lowering of morale occasioned by errors in the text. A list of the most obvious blunders will be found on tlie next page but one. -j IMflBIB 1 3 20 ■fffflal«l»l»l»IBI»l»l«IWIBflMffCI Page 460 ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■iMiwiwiafiwiwiBiBiMiMiwiwiwiw GOPHER ■ffi»i«fiwfi«iwfiMi»iwi»i«i«i»i»i« The Feature Section of The 1920 Gopher Table () C.oiitcnis Chapter One: Is Co-Education a Failure? — A Discussion of the Inler-Campus Car Line— " What of the Spring Engagements? " — Frances McCoy and Mark Fay as a Point in Favor — The Psi L " s Degenerate Policy at Dances — Motlern Dances: A Comparison of the Engineers ' Ball with Both Exit l ights On. ant! a Dean Beggs One-Step. Chaptei? Two: I niversity Ideals — Clarke Nicholson ' s Appearance in Dress Clothes — The Kappa Beta Phi ' s Appearance on the Water Wagon — The Present Trend toward Bevo Ice Cream Sodas. Chapter Three: Horrors oj a i niversity — The Relation of Cold Mashed Potatoes to Men ' s Lnion Banquets — The Tri-Deit Shimmy — Registrar Pierce in Black Face — The Middle-Sized Waitress at the Oak Tree — The Odors of Shevlin — Out- side Reading in the Spring. Chapter Folr: Problems oj the Co-Ed — The Wear and Tear of Fraternity Pins on Springtime Blouses — The Serious Question Raised by the Popular Song, " How Can You Tell " — The Revising of First Impressions — Peg Simpson on the Sub- ject, " Enticing Masculine Aid in Moving Books To and Fro. " Chapter Five: Making Co-Educalion Safe — River-Banking a la Beggs — Tete-a-tete- ing a la Pansy — Popularizing of the Eat Shop and the Eat Garden for After-the- Theater — The Chinese Peril (Chow MeinI — Standardizing Goodnight: A Com- parison of the New Style Sorority Front Doors witii the 0. S. Theta eranda. l»l»l»l«l«l»IMIMI«fl»l«IBIB [■l»l«l»flWf 19 20 ■[■[■fl«l »l»IBI»i«IMl»l»l»IWI«lWIKfl Hfl Page 461 eiMIMIWIMIWIMIMmiBIMIBIBIW GOPHELR ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■flWIMIMflMIMIWIMiaia Errata Before using this seclioii the reader will kiiullv go through the pages very carefully, making the following corrections in the text: Page 462 — Cross out the words " Jessaline Salmon " ' following ■ " Bill Dempsev " and insert the words " Peg Simpson. " . ' fter the words " Dean Jensen " insert " Flora iVIacDonald. " After the words " Carl Rahn " insert " Ruth Simpson. " Page 506 — Change simile reading " her eyes were dark as Egypt ' to " dark as an Engineers " Ball. " " Page 497 — Change title under picture from " Chi Psi Rushing Party " to " Chi Psi ' s Air the House After Starting the Furnace. " " Page 498 — " Marion Jones in her .$4.56 spring suit " should read " Marion Jones in her $456 spring suit. " Page 501 — In the article " Making the Uniyersity Safe for Co- education " add the following Beggsonian rules: 83. At the heginning of each quarter eyery instructor shall in- troduce, in a perfectly proper manner, every man in his class to every girl in his class. This will do away with the improper situa- tion of co-eds being in class rooms with men they do not know. 84. Co-eds shall under no circumstances study with men. W hen co-eds do study with men, the men must keep their arms behind their backs and their faces at least twelve ( 12 I inches from the co-ed. Page 462 — In the statement under rule 84, " study with men " : delete the word " with. " Page 516 — Before the words " baby vamps " ' insert the words " Alpha Gamma Deltas. " " I«IMI»IK 1 9 20 ■1WIHI«I»IBI»I«IMIMI»I»I»IMIWI«IBIBIMIHIBI Past 462 ■ ■■[■[■IBIHIBIMiaiBIMIMIBIMIMIBIBIMIMI, COPHE.R ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IWIMIWIWIBIMII Y. W. C. A. WORKERS EXCHANG- ING SNAPPY STORIES Thorn W ere Happy Days When the Dean (li(hi " l choo-e the color of the soap used by . S. G. A. Vi lien ihe i ' hi Psis ran for everything. When Bernice Toal diilnt ani|) the Chi Psis. hen the Lngineers were Hough. W hen the Medics carried around Stiffs. Vi hen the I.ilirary had the hooks one needed. W hen it was possible to collect for the Daily and the Gopher out of the registration fee. hen Rhetoric was a snap. Yilien River-banking was decidedly comnie-il-faux. When Mr. Hillhouse went to all the Sanford parties. hen the Kappas werent penalized for dirty work. When going to the Library to study was ex- citing. When going to the Rogers was a wild time. When the A. T. O.s were noted for their business ability. When Miss Draper had time to tell the good buzz. When Helen Sullivan would tell the Beta scandal. When the Betas didn ' t entertain Pantages ' per- lormers. hen the Masquers were supposed to be prel- t good. hen the column on the back page ot the Daily was funny. hen the Trailers didn ' t insist on ] Irs. Ladd ' s hortening her skirt. When the Garrick Club used to appear in leniinine attire. When the chemistry Building ilidn ' t smell. AN x-KM rnnKK.ii F ii pituMNc, THE When we were ' nt feature editor and lidn ' t THEOREM: YOl SALUTE THE IMFORM AND NOT THE MAN. even know the Gopher exi.-ted. iBi»i»i»i»i«i«i«iwiBiBiaiBiBi«i«i«iBi«i»iB 19 20 ■laiaiBiBiaiBiaiaiBiMtBiHraiHiBiBiaiBiaiaii Page 463 [■[■IMIBITBIHIBIiaiMIM GOPHER ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■■ ■iai«l«l«l« Love Songs of the Colleges I Tlu- Ihnt a ■ A dentist who loved was pounding the tooth Of the maiden for whom lie most yearned. As he drilled a deep hole in a tooth that was sound He blessed all the dope that he ' d learned. For his arms were about her; her bright shampooed hair Which tifkled his nose made him thrill. And he whispered. " O feel not the nerves that I hit: liut list to the song of m drill. Kejruin (If you desire) " You ' ve smashed up my heart, tliere ' s a cavity there That vou. onlv you. Floss, can till. nd you cannot use gold, only love, sweet, will hold — Don ' t be afraid of your By the family toothbrush, I give you my word — If you promise that you ' ll be my wife, our love, I assure you, my sweet denial Floss, Will be the bright crown of my life. " The Law Student bill. presenlmg B ■ i a ■ ■ i .i a A lawyer was conning his awful law books So heavy, so dull, and so dry. Wherefore he looked up from them often and oft And lamped a co-ed that went by. And therefore he gazed again and again. And the twain to the Oak Tree they fled. " I fear, " so he muttered, " I ' m going to court. " He did: this is what the man said: " Whereas the party of the second part I That, my dearie, is me I Feels deep affection, as he solemnly affirms For the party of the first part — thee. Why can ' t the party of tlie first part, dear, And the party of the second part, too. Have a party called a wedding of the parties concerned And cancel the " part " part? — do! " ' Gramiiiar according to nature and usage. ■ iBiaiaiBiBiaii 19 20 ■■■(■laiaiHiBiBiBiBiaiarBiaiHiBiHiaiaiaiai Page 464 ■ ■[■IWIMIMIHflBIBflHIMIMIMIMIMIBIMIBia COPHE.R ■■■■■■■■■■■■■I ■ IHII ■ ■■■■■■laiaiaiMJi Disillusioned He looked n tall aiul haiulsonie as lie walked about the campus. I prayed that lie would ask me for a date. He did. He wore overshoes. He drove such a big car and wore classy clothes. Surely, I thought, here is a man to show a girl a good time. H he would only take me out. He did. He took me to movies and to (!irkler " s afterwards. He had the rep for being clever and intellectual. He would be the pal. the com- panion of whom I had dreamed. Ah, if onlv he would call on me. He did. He talked baby talk to me all evening. r He is a perfect Adonis; he is clever; he has romantic eyes. I hope I never meet him. I fear he might use perfume. Portrait » a Co-ed Studying After a Dance The lily flower has six parts; Oh gee. but my feet burn. Je parle. tu paries, il parle: 1 wish That could do that turn. And unity ' s essential — I need a party dress; The retina is in the eye — I liiieic that he ' d confess. Oh how 1 want some chocolate fudge — Antl cliloropliyl is green. She tried to keep him all herself — What does " osmosis " mean? The mind is not in pace at all; The brain is in the head; The potato has a lubious root, And I am going to bed. TtACIllM, lilL SHl l. n «iij ■ l«fl»l«l«IMIMI«IBI«l«1»l«IBfl»l» l«ialB I 9 20 I Paie 4iS 1 1 IS I M I V i a 1 1« I l«IMI»fl«IWIMIM|»|MIB|M|BIMf IBIBIMIBIB GOPHEJ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■IMIBflWIMIHIMIWIMI ■!■ llflWIlM Kappa Kappa Gamma Founded: Al the Laudge o. of Active Members: Peachy Cross Jess Salmon Fran Long Pete Rising Mo. oj Inactive: Mildred The Kappas are all very nice little girls, and live in a lovely big house ivithin spitting distance of the noisy Alpha Phis and harsh Delta Gammas. No freshman is admitted to membership unless she owns two evening dresses, can talk through her teeth, and can claim at least a fighting chance for either a Chi Psi or Psi U formal. Motto: This place is unfair to organized labor. Gamma Phi Brta Founded at Sing Sing, .369 B. C. No. of Chapters: 28V2 (the 2 elseichere) No. of .Active Members: 6 ' ' 4 A vigorous and athletic group, all except Vang and Nell, who do their best to uphold the social welfare. The Gamma Phis are supposed to have verv good feel. Delta Delta Delta Founded in Siam . o. of Chapters: Appalling No. of Members: Benitdering The Tri Delts. otherwise known as the Delta Ditto Dittos, are one of the keenest groups of co-eds on the campus. They have one of the very best records of any gang on Tenth avenue, to say nothing of a phonograph besides. The two outstanding members, who own fur coats, are shown herewith. One Delta is absent. iBiaiaiB I 9 20 ■laiaiaiBiBiBiBiHiaiaiBiaiaiaiBiaiHiBiaiBi Page 466 ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■I ■ !■ COPHEJ ■l»l«IWIWIWlWIWI«flWIMIWIMfl«1MIWI«IWI Kappa Alpha Thcta founded: In t ip Eusl Au. oj Chapters: Astounding No. of Chapters: Innunierahte The chapter at Minnesota owns its own structure, nuuleled alter the tower of London, in which the members sleep on the sleeping porch. The pin. a shield the size of a policeman ' s star, is worn over the shirtwaist. The na- tional emblem of the Thetas is a kat. Alpha I ' hi Founded: On Rumor . o. oj Chapters: If ho Knous? No. of Members: Kho Cares? The local chapter is composed of a well rounded out group of young ladies from Minneapolis and the contingent section of St. Paul. Thev own a comfortable House on Tenth avenue, because it is such a bother going all thf way home after a party. Molto: Who are those peculiar people iiexl floor? Delta Gamma Founded: By the Betas No. of Chapters: Thirteen No. of Living .Members: Six No. of Dead: The Remainder l.amlxia chapter lives in an attractive mansion con- taining a parlor, bedroom, and bath. In spite of the K)vely pin, many of the members drift. The chain is merely to bind them closely to the chapter until the house is paid for. Motto: If thf Betas can ' t u,n. call llic Alpha Delts. [■[■■■■■■■■■(■■■■■WI«IBI»IBI«IMfl»l«l«f 19 20 ■l»ffl»IW)WI»l«IWI«IW ' «l«l«l«l«l« ' «l» ' Page 467 GOPHER ■■■■■i«i«fi«i«i«iwiwi«i«iwiwi«iwi»iwi»i a. i Pi Beta Phi Foil ml I ' d . . . No. of Chapters: Many No. of Members: Very Many Charter Member: Theila Burn The chapter at Minnesota owns its own little modest house on University avenue. One of the advantages of being a Pi Beta Phi is that vou stand a 1.000 to 1 chance of marrying into the facuUy (which of course may not sound like an inducement to some). The majority of the present chapter are engaged at present. Especially Vito. Motto: } oti ' ve got to ham! it to the iitiion. Alpha Xi Delta Founded at If cm bat College No. of Chapters: Numerous J ' o. of Members: Supernumerous Mu chapter was established quite recently. Please, however, do not get the impression that Mu chap- ter is Nu. The pen is a feather suggesting perhaps that light, fly- away feeling — for the feather — not the Alpha Seducer. Motto: In numbers there is strength. P[AQ ,W Ff Tt-IEfS And the Greatest oj These — We have stepped with men who talked about their crushes, with men who talked about the weather, with men who did not talk at all. with men that danced on our toes, with men that asked us everv ten minutes if we were cold, with men who hummed " Ja Da " all evening — and we thought we knew the deadliest of the species, called Bore. But that was before we met tiie man — who agreed to everything we said! Willie ' s father was a teacher, Disobedience abhorred: " Wife, " he called, " will vou please hand me That administrative board? " ' .isiaiBiaiBJBiaiaraiaiBiHiBiBiBiBiaiaiaiai Page J6S I ■flMIBflBIWIBIBIHIBIBIMIMIBiaiBIMIMI, COPHEIR ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■[■■■ll ll«l»IMIBIMI«IMIBI»l»l»l«l»IWIMIMIBf f [g Q ■IMIMIWIB I ■!■ I ■! ■fl»l ■!■! ■|«|B|«IHIB I ■!» jj Page 469 JIWIWraiMIMIMIMIMIWIMIMfflW GOPHEJ ■■■■■■■■■■■lg li The Way It Is Done Feb. 14. 1919. Arnold Oss, My dear Classnnile: Your common sense and good humor are so apparent that I am sure you will not mis- understand this slight unconventionality. Last year Abigail Jones was quite anxious to in- troduce you to me, but the opportunity never appeared. Although she is not in school this year, you are such a near neighbor in eco- nomics class that I am going to take the lib- erty of speaking for myself. If you resent the intrusion, I shall do " eyes front " for the re- mainder of the year. " Le Cercle Francais " wil entertain on the evening of February the twenty-second. Being a member, I am requested to bring a guest. Since I seldom have the privilege of selecting an escort, I am not going to squander this in- vitation. I offer it to you, because you are one of the boys who, I imagine, would be as good company as my brother, who is now at Camp Grant. Having always been my brother ' s chum, I have a boy ' s dislike lor a conceited " ladies ' man. " Abigail said that you seemed to dislike girls, so 1 am sure that you would be quite interesting. I shall be very sorry indeed if anything pre- vents you from accepting this invitation. Sincerely, Jeannette. Monday. 10 P. .M. Dear Lillian: I ' ve tried to call you up today, but every time you ' ve been away. I saw ' you in the Li- brary, too, with girls (about a dozen or two), and then this evening, at the game (poor Gil- len ' s hurt, that is a shame). But even there, although I bowed, I couldn ' t reach you through the crowd. I guess I ' ll have to use the pen, to get ahead of other men. No matter if 1 win or fail, I ' d like to tell this " fairy tale. " " There was a young man at the U Who was feeling most terribly blue. So when he got a chance To go to a dance I don ' t blame him for going, do you? He went out just as much as he could. And later, sometimes, more than he should, With dancing the style; He met girls all the while. But he couldn ' t pick one if he would. But now I ' m asking this of you To see if you ' ll a favor do: I ' ve just heard of a " jazzy " dance And wondered if you ' d take a chance. It ' s Friday evening of this week. Now, please don ' t say, " Well, he ' s got cheek. " Walter Greaza, President All-V Council. ■ iBia 1 9 20 ■fi«i«i«iMiwi«iwi " ' ' " i ' «i i ' ' ' ' ' s I B Page 470 ■ [■[■■■IMIWIWIBIBIMIHflMIBIWIMIHIWIWIM COPHE.R ■! ■■■■■■■■■■■■■I ■!■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ■■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ Happenings of the Year Niel I phani take- a girl to the Oak Tree. Mr. Holmes, proprietor o the Oak Tree, dies of Iieart fail Betty Anderson and two girl friends go wading. Kappa kappa Gamma alumnae meeting called. » Betty reinstated after Papa buys a new grand piano. Dean Beggs fails to speak to a girl on the campus. Girl dies of shock. News of Stan Hughes " engagement leaks out. Stan starts wearing flannel shirts and an I don ' t care look. Girl remarks that altho Maynard Froemke has a moulh like a fish, he is a fish in all respects save that he doesn ' t always swallow water and water only. Alano Pierce mistakes Alice Johnston for Sue Alexander and takes her out for a ride. ■ l »l»l«l«IBI«l«l»l«l»l»l»l»l«l« ' «fl» ' «IW 19 20 ■fl«l«IMrWI«l«IWI»IWIMIMI«IWI«miMI«l«l«l Page 471 IWIMIMrWIBIMIMflMIBIMlMIMlMlB GOPHE.R ■■ " IMIWI ■■■■■■■■■■■1WIMIWIWI«1«I«I»I ■!■ Alano leaves school shortly after. Mary anil Bix develop a crush. The Phi Psis form the Anti-Sorority As sociation and rush Clarke Nicholson. Four Freshmen pass away in Personal Hvgiene lec- tures. Blue sli]js out. So are manv people. A Chi Psi gets sent home by the chapter for wearing a flannel shirt. A Sigma Phi Epsilon gets sent home hv instructor for not wearing a collar. Chow Mein runs a joke. -K- -» No one lookina for it. so it sets This picture is of three girls liv- ing on Tentii Avenue. Frances Storms seen laden with Marine jewelry. aiBraiB 1 9 ■ IBIBIBIBiaiBiaiBIBIHIHIBIIIBIBIBiai Page 472 ■ l«l«fl«IWIWI«l«IBIMIBIMI«IHIMIBIMIMIM GOPHEIR ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' " ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' Slie tries to st;ill. liiil Leah tells where she bought it. Here is a picture of L le James. » - t Ye gods — to tiiink tiiat we never heard of lim before. Al Gall and Betty try to pull a cariii al. The carnival a frost, however. The Alpha Gamma Deltas are not quite so notorious since the reasons for the burglar scare moved out of the Phi Delt house. E?ther Thurher savs that lliere is something preying " " — " ' t on her mind. Savs Olive Lvman: " ItMl starve to death. " ' Isabel Borgeson says " For the land ' s sakes. " and re- fuses Walter StremePs invitation to the Deke formal. F ' Accompanying photograph shows strength of feeling. Rhoda Kellogg goes to Washington, and visits the jail. The suffrage clu!) elects Muriel Burdick. -Muriel Burdick in a statement to the newspaper says she supposed that it wa true. ■4 . ' v ' ff l»l»l»l«IBI«IMI«l«IBfiaiMI»l«l«l«l»IMI»l» 19 20 ■[■[■■■[■■■fl«l«IMI»ll» ' MIBIWI«fl«l«fl»l»!! Page 473 ■ ■■■■■■JMiMiMiBia, ■,■„ „,„,„, ,,„,,, GOPHE:Ji« ' " ' « ' «i«iwiwi«i wi«i«i«i«iwi«iwiai«i Silly Misconceptions I I ve often heard mentionetl, That tho well intentioned Miss Beggs is becoming A sort of a prude. They say she ' s been scolding Some folks for hand holding; Such stories I think Are decidedly rude. I ' ve seen her quite often at Dayton ' s for tea. With only two others, or possibly three. If she were a prude she would not haye allowed Herself to eat ices in such a small crowd. Of all misconception, itliout an exception. Dean Nicholson ' s yictim Of one of the worst. I ' ve oyerheard stated His character rated Of all of the crudest. The second or first, tell me, dear reader, if really you can. Just where I may find a more scholarly man. Who chooses a language more carefully styled, gazes thru glasses more beautifully mild? But Tye heard folks averrins. In accents most slurring. (Such scandal as this should Be quickly eschewed) That little V. Murray, When not in a hurry. Eats oodles and oodles Of all sorts of food. But this, you ' ll agree, is so very absurd. It shouldn ' t be mentioned, it shouldn ' t be heard. I know for myself that she doesn ' t like pickles. She says that warts, when she swallows ' em tickles. IV It ' s almost a matter Of everyday chatter. Miss Firkins ' composure Is easily jarred. She shushes ha-haing, And other faux-pas-ing They say in a wa ' Too emphatic and hard ! But comment like this is of flimsiest hue, What else, for the matter of that, could she do? Besides, you ' ll agree, it could reallv be worse; You never, I ' ll wager, heard Miss Fir- kins curse. ;i»l»f 1 9 20 ■ ' ■[■l»IBfl«l»l»l«IMiai»IBIMI»|HIBIBiBiB| ■ [■[■■■■■■■[■■■■■■■fl flMIMIBIHIMIHIW COPHEIR ■■■■■ ' ■IW ' W ' «IM ' W ' Wf ' M ' »l« ' « ' » ' " ' ' 7 k ' Miirnirii: (.hat On a (. ini -[Iat " ' Say Mavme, " he said, ' " you got a date? With a panel down the back — It sure does look like snow today — 111 lii million dollar shack. We ' re frying ours in lard. I think — Now what Congress ought to do — He preached a sermon on the text — Oh, damn, get off my shoe! And salad niixetl with mayonnaise — Nazimova ' s my choice — And the way she washes stockings — Let the public have a voice. I didn ' t pass in English — Yes. the market ' s going down That guy pulled off an uppercut — The sweetest hat in town. The new tight skirts are going to look Just swell, my dear, on me. You see I thought the jack was high — Oh yes, I know ' twas she. When Wilson ' s back I think we ' ll find The baby has a cough — He ' s teaching sociology — Fourteenth, Bob. let ' s get off! " ) Phi Kappa student. i CQk to the !. J- , Ok 0 ' ' tn c ' III - AND . FTER BEKlKIi THE ARMISTICE The Man and the Column Time — Morning. Characters: Student — Dailv Column ( Itack page). Stud: " Lo column. Col.: ' Lo stude. Stud: Any good today? Col.: (Pointing to joke re grav Buick I Great! Stud: You grate on me! ( Pats him- self on back) Hm, nothing — nothing at all. Col.: (Mysteriously) Reads on. Stud : ( Reads carelessly, stops, starts, drops 86 pages of history notes) Ha! What do I see! My name? Now who — ? Pretty good! Good stuff! Column. you " re the best ever! Col.: ( Modestly 1 I thought you " d appreciate me — (Giggles understand- ingly). Stud.: Walks on. calling attention of all he meets to Col., who becomes more and more read. ■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ' ■■■iwiJiB 19 20 ■i»i«i«iwfi«i»iHi»iwiti ' " i«iwi»iW ' i«i»i Page 4TS aiaiBiaiatHiaiaiBiaiBiaiMiHiB COPHE.R ■■■■■iwiwiwiwiMf ' « ' W ' W ' Miwi«i " i " i . rf ■ laiBia 19 20 ■i«i«iBiBiPi«iwi»i»iwiwi " i«i»i " i " ' M ' ' " i» ' Page 476 ■ [■■■l«l«flWiai«l«l«IMIMIBIHI«IBff IB GOPHER ■■■l IMIWI " ' «IWI«IMIWIWI«IWIWflW ' W ' «ll Mother Goose a la Mode Jack ami Jill a-stepping went. Little Miss iMuffet sat on a sofa. His Hudson was a topper — Studying French survey; But as they rode uiichaperoned, Along came a cute little Stutz and a man Dean Gertrude said, " Not proper. " And carried Mi.ss Muffet away. Hey diddle, tliddle. the cat and the fiddle— I nt and the finals are through, Oh. hut it ' s great to be able to shimmy ith nothing important to do. The Ag Student Sings " ' Goldy Locks, Goldy Locks, wilt thou be mine? Dickorv, Uickory. Dock, We ' ll have Jersey cattle She pointed her hand at the clock: And the Berkshire swine. The clock struck one. e " ll buy us a flivver She told him to run, That you ' ll call a dream, Dickory, Dickory, dock. With the latest contrivance To separate cream. " " To college, to college, to dance and to play, Home again, home again. Nicholson ' s way. To college, to college, to study and grind. Home again, home again — overworked mind. " Caught on the fly, " cried the germ-chasing Medic exultantly in Bacteriology Lab. as he skilfully extracted 10,000.000 tuberculosis. 1,584 influenza, and 13 nial-d ' amour germs from the left hinddeg of the common house-fly. and proceeded to torture them under his microscope. A devoted young lover named I ' hil Said, " My English prof ' s looks grow ijuite cliill — If May— to be flip— Won ' t give me the sli|i T fear m frifiid E. B.. he will. " ■ ■fl«l»l«IBIMl«l»l«IMI«l«l»l«l»l«1MI»l»f 19 2 ■ffflMIBIMIWf l«l»H«l»»l»ll«IB ' Page 477 l»l " ' W ' «fl«l»l«lWI«IWI«IMIBIBIWIWIWI» GOPHEJ ■fl«IMIBI«l«IWIWIWI«IHIMIWIBfiWIMI«l« Vodka and Theressa (Being a Li ' in ' iul jroni the Earliest Scandinavian ) J [l a ci hi ' p= = l " - N i f ' :3 y = ' - ' " H RISHEU FAIR THERESSA Editor ' s note: This beautiful slory of the old days at Minnesota is one of those handed down to us by one of the first Gopher Boards. In its lilting vigorous meter we seem to feel something of the vitality of those early days when co-education was young. In this selec- tion we have the story of a young student who. oppressed by the rules of sororities, W. S. G. A.s. Academic councils, and Pan Hels, breaks them all by taking his love to one of the most notorious cafeterias of the time. One must read the verses to appreciate them. One balmsy day ' young odka. irked liy rules Rushed fair Theressa; Tri-Whoops- cawned their drools ' ' . Spake he. " If think they this gets by they ' ll guess a — Nother time. " — He spake thus to Theressa. At Cheeleehee ' s that very night they guimped ' , Nor laws of Eggs ' ' , nor Shee, nor Hinnissy they skimped. He paid the price, nor argued whence or whether; They quirked ' his quondam frame with lithesome quether ! ill Balmsy days: pronounced as if it were spelled " bahlmzy. " It was a term applied to the period between April 25th and May 17th, because of the low cries of " balm-balm " uttered by the Quay-birds as they nested to and fro. The birds were related to the Quinine birds of Labrador. Thev became extinct, according to Car- penter, on account of their flying violentlv too soon after supper. (2) Tri- Tioops was one of the first sorori- ties at Minnesota. They were perhaps the most conservative group of their day, yet withal, they were very strong. Each spring they killed all of their members who had not had at least one bid to a fraternitv formal. They were famed for their amusing initi- ations, and upon one occasion lost three of their best pledges in an untimely way by tub- bina them near St. Aiithonv Falls. . ccordiiig to the latest Bulletin. Scandinavi, an as earlv 1:30 A. M. comes. AT LHEELEEHEE ' s ■ laiaiB 1 9 20 ■laiaiaiBiBiBiBiaiBiBiaiBiBiBiaiaiHiaiaiBi Page 47 S [■IWIMIMIBIWIWIMIMIHIHIWIMIMIMIBIMI1IMIH COPHEJ ■■■■■■■■■■■I ■ ■■[■■■■■II (3 I " Cawned their drools " is an expression of contempt. " Cawned " is the past tense of the verb " to cawn. " Drools is a peculiar clucking noise something like the Italian " aha! " and the first note of the plover ' s call uttered simultaneously. The expression has almost exactly the same meaning as " jasping the jee. " ' (4) Cheeleehee ' s was one of the most notorious chop suev liouses in Minnesota. It is said that of every ten people who went there, six were unable to stand the cook- ing. That makes it twice as notorious as any we have today. (5l The Guimp, as near as we can guess, was a cross between a cheek-to-forehead one-step and a Paul Jones. It was the shimmv of bvgone days. It was danced throughout to the dum-te- dum-te-dum-te cadence, except the last measure, uhich proceeded: dum-te. dum-te dum-te. dum- dum. It was a dance that evoked much criti- cism and therefore could only be danced, with- out reproach, by the best members of society. ( 6 I " Nor laws of Eggs, Shee, and Hinnissy. ' This line carries the real plot of the whole poem. Eggs was Dean of W omen at this time. Shee THAT VERY MGHT THEY GLTMPEI) was most likely the president of the current . S. G. A. Hinnissy was president of the Tri- Whoops. Then, as now, there were countless rules which probably bothered our live blooded odka. He could not go out with her but two evenings a week: he could not hold her hand after 10:30: he could not see her before break- fast without a chaperone. In one wild burst of enthusiasm he resolves to break all the rules at once. " Is it small wonder? " asks Archibald in commentation. (7) Quirked. Literally killed: in this case used figuratively for " laid out cold. " ' ■ (1DKA IRKED BY RULES (8) The quether was the pin, or insignia, of the Tri-Whoops. When a Tri-Whoop became engaged to a man, he was forced to w-ear her pin as a warning to all other sorority girls. In this case, as the gentle reader will infer, the hero w-as forced to accept her pin as the price of breaking the sorority house rules. Some interesting explanations and comment might be made on lhi little story, but space forbids going into any detail at all. ■ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■a ■■!■!■ ■■!■■■ I 9 20 ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■[■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■I Patt 479 3IWl»l«fiaCiaf|BIBIMf IMIMIMIMIM GOPHER ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■[■■■l«l» ■ ■ Rushing Arguments Psi Vpsilon Bov. look at our big men — Bill Taft and Tlieron Gerow. And look at the dances we hum — Hank — pin a button on him. Chi Psi Never judge a chapter by anything but its national reputation. Why, we ' ve a §100,000 lawdge at Cornell. We have a Ford, two electrics, a Maxwell and four others. Don ' t you know Fritz Strong of the Medical School? Coord, give ' em the blue and gold square. Delta Kappa Epsilon We ' re Dekes, and anybody that can say that can get along anywhere, no matter how bum he is. Theodore Roosevelt was a member of our frat. Don ' t let the Alpha Delts kid you. We know a list of all the sororities who haven ' t yet given formals. Our freshman class have com- piled it. Mr. Stremel will show you our grip. SONS WHY THIS GIRL W FAR LONG SKIRTS Phi Gamma Delta 01 course there are a bunch of women in uur house now. but for comfort it can ' t be beat. We ' ll get it back next year. Come into the next room, and we ' ll show vou Doc Platou. the cap- tain of tiie basketball team. Phi Delta Theta Yes. we won the scholarship cup through liie tireless efforts of Eddie Schober. Lano Pierce leads the J. B.. and we have a national stand-in with the Ganmia Phis. Some one get rid of the Sigma Nus. so we can cinch this man. MARIK Htl.FS DOT THKdl i.ll ORDEAL laiaiBiBjaiaiBiaiBiBiBiaiHiHiaiaiaiHi Page 480 l«l«l«l«flBIWIWIBIWIHWI«l«IWI«l«IWIWf GOPHER ■■■■■■■fl«l«IWIWI«IWIM ' W1«IWI«IW ' W ' " ' WI Things Every College Man Should Know or Vamps JT ho Miiy Have Missrtl 1 oh Smotheretl in fur . . . upkeep is something fierce . . . adores chicken a la king. When asked " What are vou taking for vour cold? " ' comes back quick with ■ " .Make me an offer. " Known as an awfully nice girl . . . wears hair demurely back from forehead . . . The kind of a girl who when asked if she wishes to be shown the manual of arms replies indignantly. " Indeed not! ' The type at the right is exceedingly coy. Rather timid. Probably giyen to baby talk, known as a smooth woman. Homely enough, liut seems to get away with it . . . The earrings are as far as we can see no earthly good. There s nothing on earth as irresistible as a homely girl with earrings. The baby stare yamp . . . wide mouthed exclama- tions . . . gurgling girlish enthusiasm. .She provokes a muse as follows: Too young to know, Too old to tell. But teach her things. Shell do em well. The yery. very superior young lady . . . given slightly to Schopenhauer . . . Prefers to be rushed by just one man . . . .And he really should have credentials. Kn V -■HA " SI £]■{. ■ ■[■i«i»i«i»iai»i»iBi»i»i»iBi«iwi»iMi»i»l» 19 20 Past 4B1 jlWmiBIBIMIHI IBIBIMf IMIMIMIMIBIMIMIMIB GOPHE.R ■■■■■IM ' WIWIWIWIWIWIWI ■■■■■IMIMIMI ■! HEREWITH ARE GENUINE SOUVENIRS OF THE COLLEGE YEAR V V ,. -::;::: --v:r--::;:r: . uj i " ' ' " ' " h. i -lo.U. l- MARCEL :; ' ' " " ™ 7 l|Mn ' P( r,i ■ " 1 » ' Course 1 p,„ BY THE WAY ' ' ur ,„ i-hhc " -::,:::;:-- x h»- ' T-- ' ;,op ' " ' A-. ' JUST TO LET VOU KNOW THAT WE CAN PARLEY-VOO lie wa- .1 I ru4,. i|u« : fr h " a- h LLV SPEAKING Sa„l lu. ••Sou-re-.lc.v..-. car v. „- cu- vu.. ,,, „,„ _ _ • Sa,„ .... -J. ,.- M.. -,s o ,. ra,.,„ , ,, _ „ „;-;H. „ ,,„, ™% M sTis;: Svf -° ' -- " ' zr ' ,.„„ |„. ,l„l ..ot km.« .h,d - CLOSING THAT |U,1 l.r.i,.Ls,»a IkiUhcMk.- In " ,,r f-OVED AND LOST " ' Ih a lar:;i. -irl - " ,,,11 ' ■ _v " r, ' ,,i, w.ih.y -I " " ' - r " " " " ' " - ' - " - V II " " " " ' A LA LAFCADIA HEARN i,„- -,,,.1 lilt »» ' " ■! " ' " " " ' ■ ■ ■ ' - " ■ ' " ■- ' • ' ' : ' ow.«T ' " 7 " " ' :-,: ::,:;; ' ::;,, :;;:;; ;:;■ » -■ -» ' ■ ' i rtWmo. iii la in i)ii,i, I, ■,■ ' . ' l,i i i ' " ,,■ |,,,„„li -yuak ami Oiiimi 1 ovii i- ' PERTINENT QUERIES ii 1 - ' ' 1 , u 1,, ,1. v,v " (Jli. VOU know " 111, AwU- ' - ' " 11,,.- a " a " ■ " I ' " ' ' " ' ' ■1 ' " " " ' I. X,a har " Do.- a ma„ ia,r lo - " ' " ' " V tocv „„, b, l " ; " he o,,i-,„ 111- l.i ' f-v- . „„„,,„ ha,,.,? , ■ ' ■ ' ' mms. XV,- ».v " ' ..,„ l ' ,, ,, ,.l ■ „.l ■ ' ■ 111. ' ' ' ' ■ " ' ■;i:nARK ..ih.il- ' " -■ " ■T: CO " ' " " ' ho to " ' ' ,„v ll " ° I,,. ,V-i-o ' " " -oil- ' i ,i, ui.i Mciiai. " -r " " " v:„: ,:;:;;;;;.: ;. -c can-, i- ' ipr;;;::; ' " b.iuoio.l-. _ •ki. al,- But.rEturningtoFrenih.,»e " „ sounds more original _,n Cher .ords. u is . - ' ■ ' 7 «°:4 " ; ' „;;;,s a grea. ,hing, and didn ' t wear overshoes Ihis winter WHADYAMEAN? ' I " ' ■ t B Ki, K,.hr,i. M. ' .. ■■ " ' ■ ' ' " ' ' ' ■ " " ' " " : " " , ' . ' " •,; " !; ' , , I , .. ,„,n to hi coing home to his iiili —In omi ::.:;,::;:n:i:wc asre: ;;;:;.; .4m.. An., .or , to „iad t,,. o.- 1 " " " " - . .,.pr,.,.,atr a iirn-i l.oi ' i ' 1 ' _:j 1 1 9 20 ■laiaiBtaiHiaiBiaiaiHiBiaiaiHiBiBiHiHiBiiii Page 482 IBIMIBflBIBIMIMIBIBIMIHIMIMIMIBIB GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■I ■ ■■■■■■[■■■I ■!■ TAKE THEM HOME AND SHOW THEM TO THE FOLKS SAWDUST FROM THE ATTK GSOFTHEOVERSn „ NS FLOWER GARDEN A,„,l.l.n|:Uu«h.ai-- , , ■UK " .w v.T n-- " " - ' M.,c -» ' " -- - ' T ' r :: ' :-- " ■ |.„„kM,a I ' " ' ' ■ ' l ' ' " ' " .;,, „„i .,,arkl " . »„Bhl rol c] " - -; -■; ,. ,.. ,„ („„ W " The ir " - ' " ' ' — " " ' ■ ,.;;»„ . a,,., r.= -.... _, ,.. HANDY ( f. ,. but quite alone. Just a paat. ih " " - ' » ■ OH ' , , hi,.. " -. u sure l ' " il " ' ' " ' ■; _,„y .war! VVhn. . .l-» ' - „ ,„,, .eot . a-l ■ ' - ,„„; ,hir.lly fi " B " - " ' • : " „„„l.i -ay " • " 1 ' " " " ' ' , ,„,,„, O ' " - ' ' ' ■ . „„ ,,„ ,„c.-ym. ras... . " . ,,,„,. But why ■ ' " ' " ,„ ,„,, ihat hovrul «an ; ' ;hc.cupo,;y„u,.i-ny« " « " This hpc of type Will he all right If hut the readers Have poor sight ■ ' .in- iiniy -iitiK .in lU.ll I ' .iil vliuli I., JliK I i.niiiiil nil. l-.ir liMi Mill rill , Ju l a- mil ■ r ■.i.ii.u- l. iiil thr- Li.lu- V CROWDED ST 4l C£ p ' ■ »whuww ' ■ ' »l ' 41.„, OR T On, - " ,„,„,- ' ' " ■■■ ' - IIKI ,. - ' ' ■• " ■ " ■ l„ ,1, HE G " ' a Pa,r„, ■ ' Wit. ru,..„ ' " " ■ ilMlu ' Sir. sle ? ' " =- -e-e...e.k C«t lou, ' " ' ■■ ' ■iquei EMOGENE. The Cosrr etic Powder. ' " 1 ■ ,hr- bfavc ilc-crve ihf fall ir„r U01H- hut tht hfa ,,u„„rh.hra efo 1 " . ,,„,,,, - " " ' r,;;; " :MM?pi.wt,.i« ' ::;- ' -:: " ' - --:■;; ,1,1 ■ " ' ' " " e mil, , ■ ' ■ " ' " r ' ;;;v " ' " ' ■■.- «. " I " ,,..... Ill, ' ,-- s„ , hv huh- me a«.y« hi. " .,„.,., J . " " ' ■■ " .,.,„,,„, sNAPPv " EiBs. " y,,,„, ,„„■;;;■ .-a.,, ■; ' ;| ' i„ r „, „ „ , , - (The T.tle.) |h- „,,„.., ' " " «l„ ,„„ ,., - " . if. (,„,, ., ' ■ -lu«,.„„, ,„_ „, ,,„ .hiu.s- " y ihr..,f , ' :;:.: " ' - " -■ ::. " " ■ ■ " ' ■ -. :::r " ' ' ■ " ■•.. ■■ ' • ■ ' " • ' . : r • " ' ' .1 1, 1,, I -• ' ' ■■! ' ■ ' 1 III, -■ ' ' ' h,U |,„|,, : " ' ■ " ■ ' ■I Page 483 ■ [■[■[■[■[■■■[■■■■■IMIHIWIMflMIMIBIBIM GOPHEJ ■■■[■■■■■IIIWIWCWflMIMflWIMIBIMIBI ■!■! A Strange Case Miss Mary Henrietta was a flapper coy and cute, With pretty eyes and pretty lips and pretty moods to suit. She craved the nicest things in life with ardor far from damp; In fact she was a model 1919 bahv-vamp. Her fondest predilections seemed to take a social turn; She viewed her profs and studies with the calmest unconcern. The lectures that she listened to she thot were rather punk. Her many friends all shook their heads and prophesied she ' d flunk. Now Jessie May Virginia was of quite another kind. Toward social life and dances she was not the least inclined. She had a love for study and an unattractive face. And couldn ' t by a good long stretch be called a social grace. Her fond instructors lauded her: thev read her themes aloud. Her friends all stood in awe at her and said that thev were proud To count as their acquaintance anyone as smart as she. They said that she would average A, or at the least a B. And so throughout the quarter term thev followed each their bent: While Jessie May was studying. Miss Henrietta went To theatres and dances and to parties and cafes. And practised on a dozen men her little winning wavs. They called her up a half a dozen times before the board; They threatened her and scolded her and begged her and implored; But all of their endeavors were without the least avail. They couldn ' t do a thing with this provoking little frail. When finals came, however, she began at last to cram. She went to every class and wrote a nice and long exam. In sjiite of that she didn ' t even get a single pass. While Jessie May Virginia stood the highest in her class. :jiBiaiBiM 1 9 20 ■iwi«i«i»iBi»i«i»i»i«i»i " i«iwi " iwi i«i " i " ' i Page 484 ■ [■[■■■■■[■[■[■[■■■■■■■IBIMIBIHIMIWIWIM GOPHER ■fl«ipflW ' MIWI«IB ' «l ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' .■ ' ■ ' ■|| Courses You May Have Regretted I. Animitl Iiii lt f: An AiiiriKtl Uinlogist Is soiiietliiiif; I have jiladly missed. The co-eds in these chisses always giggle; Besides, 1 cant see what is learned By slicing worms just slightly turned, Or carving little animals that wiggle. I do not fancy crossing luigs In search of the elusive frogs. While I could never see these darned amoebas. And lastly, I am not alone In saying when I pull a bone. ll drives me to the use of anathemas. 2. History A horn-rimglassed Historian May think it fun to glory in These ancient dates: and maybe he is right in Thinking so; he doesn ' t wait The w ' ay I do for every date That 1 have made up to the present writing. : .t?-. Yet 1 am always prone to let Myself confuse or else forget My dates. If I took History, the chance is. Not only would I miss my tea. But likewise I ' d forget, you see. The days that Cleopatra gave her dances. 3. Astronomy Astronomy I do not hate. But as it keeps me out so late It ' s not, of course, a study one endorses. One looks at planets near and far — The nebula and twinkle-star. In fact you ' ll find it one of these starred courses. It ' s not so bad: I ' d just as soon Spend evenings looking at the moon; lUit often, wdien you find you are enjctying Your study of the distant skies. Her hair blows over in your eyes; iid that, von will agree, is most annoving. 4. Chcmistrv In Chemistry, the truth compels Me to admit, one lives in smells That one concocts in little pewter dishes. The formulas are bad enough. But when you start to heat the stuff The odor, oftentimes, is really vicious. Besides the ugly finger stains. One frequently has shooting pains When something blows up rather unexpected, While acid has a funny way Of eating all your clothes away And leaving you surprised but unprotected. laiaiMiBiBiBiaiBiaiaiaiBiBiBiBiaiaiaiBiBia 19 20 ■laiafiaiwiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiaiMiaffiaiaia Page 4SS ■ [■[■[■IBIMIMIBIBIMIHIHIMIBIMIMIMIMIMIM GOPHER ■ I ■ ' ■!■ ' ■■ ■■■■■I ■■■■■I ■!■ ■■■■IMIMiai ■!■ The Goo That Is Called Chocolate First as the Old English Lyric Writer Might Have Said It mistress fair, with starry eyes, I ' d fain be praising you; The golden coronet of hair; Lips sweet as chocolate goo. Ouida Might Have Used It in Her Visit to the Abode of the Blessed And then, as we walked on in the land of those who are blessed, we came to a place where there were cries of joy and glad song. And there were tables at which there were men together, and sometimes there were many women, but mostly [here was one man and one woman. I asked why this was so, and was told: " It tastes better so. " I said to one who was with me: " What do they? " And I looked again, and saw those in robes of white who brought in long vessels of wliite which they set before those at the tables. I would have liked to ask what it was of which they were eating, for I thought I knew. But I dared ask no more. My companion saw that I wished to know, and said in a low tone: " Chocolate goo. " But those at the tables heard him, and their happy cries arose anew. Sadly I left them, for I was not allowed to remain there. Goo a la the Impressionists Cold! A sharp pain in the tooth Which should be filled. Sweet ! Like a check or an A In physics. Gone! Like all bliss both poignant And short lived. 1 |)ul my hand in my pocket ami had ntilliiiii; wilh which to pay for mv chocolate goo! ILLUSTRATION OF WOMEN WASTING PERFECTLY GOOD AFFECTION ■ ■iBiHiBiBiB I 9 20 ■laiaiaiBiMiBiaiaiBiHiBiaiaiMiBiHiHiBiaiBi Pace 486 [■[■[■■■[■[■IMlBIBIMIHIMIMiaiMIMIBIMIMf GOPHER ■ ■■■■■■■■iwil ■ ■■■IBIBiaiBIBIBI inotluT Moilcrn F.iilofiy in the Style of Robert W. Then they hat! something to eat in tall glasses, and. as the sweetness of the goo firsl touched his lips, his eyes met hers, and he knew that their thoughts were the same. " Do you believe that certain souls live on the same plane? " he asked in his direct manner. A womanly intuition taught her to understand. " Yes, I love it, too, " she answered simply enough. And then, being young, they scraped it out to the last drop, even tipping the dishes to do so, for they were very happy. And the sweetness of it seemed to penetrate to their very souls. Shakesprnrc Mi ht Have Said It And if you know it not. you know not sweetness. For it doth all the rest in this excel As doth the brightness of the sun all lesser lights; And he who tastes it not is poor indeed — Fool: And he who doth, is poor as well, methinks. ISABELLE WITH UNIDENTIFIED GENTLEMAN (Probably her father) Sighings of Mrs. Solemn-One So, my daughter: listen unto these words of wisdom which I shall say unto vou. For lo. what av aileth thee if a man shall kiss thee? For lo. if thou art in very truth the first whom he hath kissed, then indeed shall his lips be caused to fall on the lobe of thy left ear. or upon thy chin. And it shall be naught. But if. forsooth, he shall place his lips upon thine with grace and with under- standing, as doth a Wallace Reid. then indeed shall the ghost of the multitude who have gone before rise before thine eyes to mar thv bliss. Go to, my daughter, and let me counsel thee. Hope not therein to liiid rejoicing. So that others of thy kind may see thv felicity and mav envy thee! For lo, therein shall thou find thy true happiness. Heard at " Helena ' s Husband ' ' Senior Co-ed: " What a wonderful physiognomy that actress has! " Freshman Ditto: " Yes, and such a darling face! " fl«l»miBIBI«l«l»l«Cl»l»IBI«l»l«IMI»l«IB 1 9 20 ■flBI«IMIHIWfl«l»IW ' " IMfl»IBIWfl«l»l Page 4117 ■ [■[■[■[■■■■■IBlMIMIMIMIBIMIWIBIMIWIMf GOPHER ■ ' ■■■■■■■■■■■IW ' WI " ' ' ! ■ ' ■■■■■ ' ■ ' ■I ■ ' ■ ' ' ELEBRITIESi smmmammea ,m ' ■ 1 9 ZO ■fiwi»i«i«i«fi«i " ' W ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ' ' w ' ' i ' Page 488 ■ [■[■■■■■■■IMIBI«l«IHIWIMI«fl«l«IWIWIW GOPHE.R ■IMff ' WIW ' WIW ' Wf ' W ' IWIg (;H1 I ' M m MIIN(. FMIITI l THI. DA S (IF THK MILE.I.MI M Academic Bolshrvisni (The Hope oj the Future) THE Students ' and Janitors ' League of the College of S. L. and A. took over the college last Friday. Provisionary rules and regulations were issued as follows: 1. A maximum number of two classes per day is declared for everyone. 2. Anyone carrying two subjects on any one day is entitled to cut one. 3. Professors shall be obliged to attend one lecture or one janitors ' meeting every day. 4. A Board of Regents consisting of the three most popular co-eds I submit date- books) and three men will confer every noon at the Oak Tree. .5. Conversations in an ordinary tone, as well as laughter, will be allowed in the Library. 6. All con exams are declared off. 7. Professors holding classes before 9: 30 a. m. will be held for damned fool- ishness. 8. Cases of conspicuous cramming will Ije trietl l)y court-martial. 9. All outside reading will be done on the Campus Knoll. In case of rain, it will be declared off. ■ iBiaiaiaiBiaiaiaiaiBiaiBiBiBiBiaiBiBiaia I 9 20 ■iMiBi«iMiwiai«iwi " ' ai " ' " ' MiBi« ' M ' W ' « ' ' Pate 4 9 iwi«iwiai«miMiai«i«iMiMiMiMHiiB]MiaiMiB GOPHER ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■i ■ ■■■■■■IBIBIBJa p Stage Directions for Sorority Callers The Alpha Phi House ENTER jauntily, carefully avoiding the cellar door 111 the right, and mounting the tliree little steps at tlie left in a sprightly manner, place hat and gloves on the radiator ( R ( , behind which they will be found when you want to go. Cross four steps to large draw- ing room, being careful not to upset wicker lamp iRCl, At table tCl help yourself to a piece of candy and play with the flowers. After that your actions are optional, either: 1. Stroll to the piano and finger it. This affords an excellent view of the dining room. 2. Or, seat self on davenport, and look as jejune as possible until your hostess finally trips down staircase and commences hunting for golashes off stage at right. The Theta House After pressing the bell button open the front door liy pushing hard with your shoulder and enter, apolo- getically. Explain to the nearest girl that the hell doesn ' t seem to ring. Then follow her into the little parlor (Rt with stiff bowlegged chairs, . ppear not to hear her when she says " Sit down, " but continues straight thru into the next room (which is much more interesting). Your procedure here must be entirely governed by circumstances. Either pick up some of the books near tlie windows (up stage, left) and amuse yourself by reading the notes in them: or take a uke from the piano and try to tune it (the uke, not the piano) ; or sit down on one of the chairs. (N. B. Davenport not safe!) The kitchen is the next room but one. The Pi Phi House Enter in your very best manner. Everyone will be looking because the door can be seen from every place in the house. Once you are in, however, it is not necessary to act carefully. Place your things on the seat at your immediate left (first making sure it is unoccupied). Under no circumstances put them in the little dark closet straight ahead or the chances are even you ' ll never be able to find them again. Then cross to the wicker chair and table and settle down as noiselessly as possible. There are several alternatives to this. If you see someone in the drawing room you may enter nonchalantly and open the conversation with some remark about Joe Byrnes. Or, you may stand at the front panels and let the passers-by see you until you hear her familiar lillle footsteps clicking down the hardwood staircase. The Delta Gamma House Enter cautiously, being careful to avoid humping into B. Grimes or any of the other impetuous sisters who may be dashing out. The small room at the right is quite cozy, containing comfortable chairs and a picture of a forest entitled " Class of 1903. " The larger room at the left, however, contains greater possbiilities. There are several whistling records to play on the phonograph and an albino parlor lamp to sit beneath. The Kappa House Enter quietly and with as much formality as you can assume. After you have handed over your things and picked up your gloves, which she has dropped on the floor, proceed about six steps to the room straight ahead. Two things are to be avoided — tripping on the rugs and men- tioning the past rushing season. The room you are in has all the conventional drawing room properties from piano lamp to fireplace. It is an excellent place to amuse yourself by going thru the correspondence in your pockets. IBIBIBIBI " CflBf 1 9 20 ■fflWfffffffffffffffflMI Page 490 ■ [■i»l»l«l«IMIMI«|«IM|M|MIMIBIMIBiaiMIB GOPHER ■l»l«IWIWI " l«l«l«l«IMflWIWI«l«l»IBI ■!■! She Want eil Jell-0 e- wi inii«i»i«i«iMfiaiBiBi«iBiai«i«i«iMiaiBiB 19 20 ■■■[■laiBiaiBiaiaiBiaiBiaiaiaiBiHiMiaiaiaii Page 491 i " i« ' « ' «i«iMiwi»i«iMiMr«i«iMi»i«i«iwiaiM GOPHER ■■■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■ ' ■iwiwiwiwi«im ' »i»i»i«i Are You a Nut? Vnmental Tests — Try This on Your Enemies It you can ilo the first test correctly, you are a nut: if you can tlo llie first two, vou are a raving maniac: if vou can do all three, you are either a college professor, or vou have a right to demand that the state support vou. Try it on your enemies, and find out the trutli ahout them: they migh have concealed it successfully up to this time. Observation Test 1 1. Give the ingredients of a chow-mein in the order of their disappearance. 2. Why are graduate students? 3. lien does the sun rise the morning after the J. B.? 4. How man hooks are there in the L niversitv Library? How many that vou want? 5. What i s the capacity of the Oak Tree? our capacity? I Answer in dollars. 1 Test 2 With your fountain pen make a blot right here If you cannot shimmy. stop right now. for you ' re hopeless; on the other fool, if you can, pour a quart of your favorite corn cure. If you believe that 365 calls a year make an engagement, add one engineer to a St. Patrick ' s Day, and censor the result. If a quiz comes when you expect it, write your opinion of exams right here : now use any remaining vocabularly to give a description of the Folwell stairs If you have a girl, draw from memory the picture of a dollar hill: but if you have just received eighteen blue slips, stretch a longitudinal section of a Gayety ticket here. Now, if you answer question No. 1, " Do you believe in the Junior Ball? " ' vou need not answer ques tion No. 2. Did you go to the Junior Ball? Write your name backwards to indicate that no one has ever asked vou why you came to the U : if you have just written your name, write it over again, and send it in to the mem- bership committee of the . nanias Club. Test 3 1. I haven ' t had a chocolate goo since 2. Last semester I received . . blue slips. 3. The library page said " That book is " 4. The eager student mur- mured, " That book be " " 5. He was her hand. 6 was at the Parrot Cage yesterday I today, tomorrow, etc.). 7. I Dean Shumway. 8. The directories will come out 9. This is the Gopher Minnesota ev er had, ■ IMI»l»fl»IMI«l«IBI»l«l»IBfl»l»l»1MI«IB 19 20 ■lMIBfl«IBI»l»l«IWIHIBIMI«IBI«l«IWI«l«l»l Page 492 Index Acacia 319 Acanthus Literary Society 422 Achoth 363 Acton. Lieut. Harry J 219 .Administration 34 Academic Section 42-47 Agricultural Council 407 . griculture Section 48-51 Agricultural Y. L C. A 439 Agricultural Y. W. C. A 441 Album 101-159 Alexander. Lieut E. P 206 . llen. Dean John R.. Article 64 .AIM niversity Council 404 .Alpha Chi Sigma 320 Alpha Delta Phi 321 Alpha Epsilon Iota 375 .Alpha Gamma Delta 364 -Alpha Gamma Rho 322 -Alpha Kappa Kappa 323 .Alpha Kappa .Sigma 324 -Alpha Omicron Pi 365 -Alpha Phi 366 Alpha Xi Delta 367 Alpha Rho Chi 325 .Alpha Sigma Phi 326 -Alpha Tau Omega 327 -Alpha Zeta 328 -Alumni Weekly 420 Appleby. Dean ' W. R.. Article 88 -Architectural Society 444 -Athletic Board of Control 164 -Athletic Section 161-198 -Avis, Lieut. Samuel Lee 214 Baker. James 227 Ballentine. Lieut. James 216 Barber. Capt. Hugh D 221 Baseball 186 Base Hospital 228-230 Basketball. Interfraternity 184 Basketball. Results 174 Basketball Team 175 Basketball. Women ' s 192 Baslon. Albert L 165 Beggs. Dean Gertrude G., Article 37 Bell. Lieutenant E. T 206 Belstrom. Lieut. W. A 219 Beta Theta Pi 329 Bib and Tucker ,394 Big Sisters 406 Blessley. Lieut. R. C 219 Board of Regents 38 Bowling 186 Brennan. Lieut. L. L 206 Broderick, Cpl. Vere B 223 Brooberg, ' Lieut. Francis C 214 Burton, Marion LeRoy. -Article .36 Burton, laricin I.eRoy. Pictures 40 Burton. Marion LeRoy, Portrait 35 Campus Club Plate 443 Campus Scenes 43; 100 Camp, Walter, Article 162 Cap and Gown 395 Captains ounded in France 165 Chamberlain, Lieut. H. D 213 Chase, Clarence C 277 Chemistry Section ,52-.S5 Cheney, E. G., Article 68 Chi Psi 330 Choir 432 Classes Plate 99 Class Societies Plate 393 Claussen, Capt. .Norman F 226 CoflFman. Dean L. ., Article 60,62 Collins, Private Sam 213 Commencement Exercises 74 Contents 23 Cooke, Dr. L. J.. Article 176-177 Copyright 4 Cosmopolitan Club 445 Cutter, Lieut. Edward B 213 Dedication 7 Del Plaines, Carlos W 221 Delta Chi 331 Delta Delta Delta 368 Delta Gamma 369 Delta Kappa Epsilen 332 Delta Phi Lambda 380 Delta Sigma Delta .333 Delta Sigma Rho 331 Delta Tau Delta 334 Delta Upsilon 335 Dentistry Section ,56-59 Died in Service 8 Died in Service, Pictures and -Articles 202-218 Donohue, Lieut. J. N 207 Douglas, -Addison 165 Education Section 60-63 Engineering Section 64-67 Engineering Students " Council 408 Enlistment 201 Faculty X ar Section 249-2.55 Fairchild, Lieut. Fred T 223 Feature 457 Field, Cpl. Danforth W 220 Football Results 166 Football Team 167 Ford, Dean Guy S., Article 72 Forestry Club 446 Forestry Section 68-71 Forew ord 32 Fort Sheridan 232-5 Friar, Lieut, Flovd 223 Page 493 Gamma Phi Beta 370 Gamma Sigma Delta 382 Gaylord. Lieut. A. R. . . . " . 207 Geggie. James 225 General Alumni Association 456 Giese. Seig. M. G 207 Giddings. Lieut. Lee C 212 Gilbert. Howard F 212 Gilbert. Lieut. Wayne 220 Glee Club 433 Glotfelter, Lieut. Geo. R 212 Gopher 412-415 Gow, Capt. Arthur S 224 Gracie, Lieut. Ralph D 226 Graduate Cl ' ub 75 Graduate School Section 72-75 Greer. Lieut. Prentice .S 220 Grey Friars 383 Hall. Robert Pierce 204 Hamilton. Lieut. Mark 211 Handicraft Guild 447 Hartnev. Lieut. James L 227 Hass. Lieut. William C 215 Health Service 44 Helmick. Capt. Dan S 224 Herreid. Cpl. M. D 224 Hockey. Women ' s 195 Hollenbeck. Serg. George 225 Home Economics Association 409 Home Economics Section 76-79 Honor Roll 10-21 Honorary Societies Plate 379 Houghtaling, E. W 208 Iduna Literary Society 423 Incus 396 Interfraternity Council 318 Iron Wedge. ' 384 Johns, Cpl. Jerome E 222 Johnson. Lieut. Charles S 211 Johnson, Lieut. Conrad G 209 Johnson. Pvt. Roy S 215 Johnston. Dean J. B.. Article 42 Jones. Pvt. Earle B 222 Jones. Dean Lauder W., Article 52 Jones, Lieut. Walter A 203 Kappa Alpha Theta 371 Kappa Delta 372 Kappa Kappa Gamma 373 Kappa Kappa Gamma Team 194 Kappa Rho 424 Kappa Sigma 336 Klingen, Lieut. Oscar M 203 Lambda Alpha Psi 385 Law College Section 80-83 Law Review 419 Le Cercle Francais 448 Linnell. Pvt. Harold 216 Live Stock Club 449 Lyon. Dean E. P., rticle 84 Mandeville. Cadet Garret T 210 Marine Unit 308-9 Masquers 434 Masterson, Cpl. Maurice E 203 Medicine Section 84-87 Men in Service 238-248 Menorah 450 Men ' s Sports 181-186 Military Section 199-265 Minerva Literary Society 425 Mines Section 88-91 Minnesota At War, Painting 198-199 Minnesota Daily 416-418 Minnesota Union 410 Moody, Lieut. Richard W 210 Music Club 435 Naval Unit 306-7 Nelson, Ensign Clarence A 216 Nelson, Cpl. Ewart G 221 Nelson. Pvt. Rolf 225 Newton. Pvt. Valentine T 226 Nichols, Ensign Alan L 210 Nurses " Section 92-95 Nu Sigma Nu 337 Omega Eta Mu 386 Organization 317 Owre, Dean . lfred W., Article .56 Pan-Hellenic Council 362 Panuska, Pvt. George 215 Payne. Capt. D 226 Peterson. Lieut. Andrew P 211 Parker, Cadet Leslie W 209 Pharmacy Section 98-98 Phi Beta Kappa 387 Phi Beta Pi 338 Phi Delta Chi 339 Phi Delta Kappa 340 Phi Delta Theta 341 Phi Gamma Delta 342 Phi Kappa Psi 343 Phi Kappa Sigma 344 Phi Rho Sigma 345 Phi Sigma Kappa 346 Phi Upsilon Omicron 377 Pi Beta Phi 374 Pi Lambda Theta 376 Pinafore 397 Psi Omega 347 Psi Upsilon 348 Platform Plate 421 Players 436 Powell, Louise M., Article 92 Presidents 41 Psychologists in Service 63 Publications Plate 411 Quill 451 R. 0. T. C 247 Religious Plate 437 Rosenwald. Lieut. John P 214 Runberg. Maurice 204 Page 494 S. A. T. C. Section 26.S-317 Scabbard and Blade 248 Scandinavian Club 453 Scene Section 25-32 Scbool of Mines Society 452 Seal inneis I ' Jl SelfGovcinnient Plate 403 Sellais. Pvi. Geo. B 20H Sberman. Serg. Stephen G 204 Sigerfoos, Brig. -Gen. Edw 202 Sigma . lpha Epsilon 349 Sigma Alpha Mu .3.50 Sigma Chi 351 Sigma Nu 352 Sigma Phi Epsilon 3.53 Sigma Rho 354 Sigma Tau 399 Sigma Xi 389 Silver Spur 388 Simons, Lieut. John 226 Snowshoes 194 Sorority Plate 361 Spanish Club 4.54 Stearns. Cpl. Stanley 205 Swimming, Womens 193 Shakopean Literary " Society 426 Stage and Music Plate 431 Students ' Catholic Association 442 Subtitle 3 Swanson, Clarence 227 Swimming 185 Sylvester, Cadet Beryl G 205 Syme, Lieut. Alexander A 205 Tam o " Shanter 399 Tau Beta Pi 390 Tau Kappa Epsilon 3.55 Tau Shonka 400 Tau Sigma Delta 391 Tennis 182 Thalian 427 Thatcher, Dean R. W., Article 48 The College Year. Plate 33 Theta Delta Chi 3.56 Theta Epsilon 428 Theta Sigma Phi 378 Theta Tau 357 The University, Painting-. 24-25 Tluilanian ( liib.... ' 358 Tillikum 401 Title Page 5 Todd, Lieut.-Col. Frank 202 Track 178-180 Triangle 402 Tri-Literary Society 429 Tupa, Lieut. Frank 222 Vance, Dean W. R.. .Article 80 Viets, John J 208 Wallace, Carl 165 War Achievements 200 War Courses 236 Webster Literary Society 430 Weigley. Wildred. Article 76 Wetherby. Alexander 218 Wetherby, Lucian Porter 218 Wetherbv. Macumber 218 White Dragon 392 Williams. Dr. H. L., Article 168-172 Wing and Bow 4.55 Winter. Lieut. 0. L 209 Women ' s Athletics 187-193 Winners of the " M " 163 Women ' s Athletic Association 189 Women ' s Athletic Association Board. 190 Women ' s Basketball 192 Women ' s Gymnasium 189 Women ' s Gymnasium Faculty 188 Women ' s Hockey 195 Women ' s Self-Government Association 405 Women ' s .Swimming 193 Wounded 9 Wounded and Decorated 218-227 W. S. G. A. War Work 238-9 Wulling, Dean F. J., Article 96 Xi Psi Phi 359 Y. M. C. A 438 Y. W. C. A 440 Zeta Psi 360 Page 495 iiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiinuiiio In Retrospect F[FTEEN months of planning and working are swiftly drawing to an end. For days now the linotype machines have been crying for more and more copy; and the presses stand waiting for more forms. In ten days from now The 1920 Gopher will be a reality. The task has been difficult. Within the past year, the University has passed through the most critical period of its existence. Only the fine foresight of Dean Nicholson and the generous support of President Burton, made The 1920 Gopher possible. In the davs when the military regime necessitated a suspension of practically all student activities, they alone, despite determined opposition, held out for the perpetuation of the Gopher. To Miss Helen Garrigues and Mr. E. B. Johnson of the Alumni Weekly, The Gopher extends a most generous measure of thanks. They have aided immeasurably in obtaining material and solving the most difficult of problems. .Mr. .S. C. Burton of the Department of Architecture is the painter of the three inserts and the endsheet plates. Throughout he has been interested in the progress and welfare of the book. To his paintings is due in large measure the realization of the military spirit of the Gopher. To discriminate in extending thanks to the staff is almost an impossibility. With very few exceptions, indeed, they have given all they were asked, and, oftentimes, much more. Particul ar thanks, however, are due the department heads, including Niel Upham, .Milton Anderson, Glenn .Matthews. Elizabeth Nissen, Frances Hol- lenbeck, Jane French, Wyllian Knapp, Rhoda Kellogg, Eugene Glas- gow, Mary Hartung, and Val Sherman. Each has manifested the sense of responsibility that has carried each section through to a successful completion. For the helpful interest shown by those outside of the University the management is especially grateful. The Miller Studio has at- tended to many demands with fine courtesy and scrupulous care. The Bureau of Engraving, and especially Mr. J. J. Sher and Mr. A. A. Fineberg, have shown a spirit of interested assistance. The . ugsburg Publishing House has contributed its utmost from the very first: Mr. W. O. Lund has aided in solving the problems and bearing the trials of the management; Mr. Martin Solum has given unspar- ingly of his time, patience, and attention; Mr. Fred Carlson has given the most painstaking care in obtaining the finest of presswork. Withal, editing the Gopher has been a most instructive experience. Inevitably there are mistakes in our handiwork. Working conditions have, of necessity, tempered lofty aspirations. But we have given our all. The Editor. iiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiw oee 496 4 ?$ ■ " »«S»V. " . " ' ,; ' 4p- ' S Wiw. ■■ ' iu. isi-:f :y ' ,n yrSiK: ' - SS Sfei . V. fm ■m . . ■; - ' -. ' «, J? ; y " mm » si- V ' ,r:i- I ' ' ' l- E ' j


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University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1917 Edition, Page 1

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University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1919 Edition, Page 1

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